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Sample records for anima nobile reparacao

  1. Gingival healing after gingivectomy procedure and low intensity laser irradiation. A clinical and biometrical study in anima nobile; Reparacao gengival apos a tecnica de gengivectomia e aplicacao de laser em baixa intensidade. Avaliacao clinica e biometrica em humanos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Jose Claudio Faria

    2001-07-01

    For the present study seven patients presenting periodontal disease were selected in a way that they required the performance of gingivectomy procedure in the region of premolars in both sides, being this in the upper or lower region. After the surgical procedure one side was submitted to low intensity laser radiation, wavelength 685 nm, power 50 mW and fluency of 4J/cm{sup 2}, contact mode. The other side was used as a control, not receiving any laser irradiation. Healing process for both sides, was clinically and biometrically evaluated and compared using photographs for the periods: pre-operative, immediate post-operative, 3, 7,14,21, 28 and 35 days. The analysis was performed by 3 specialists in Periodontology considering aspects of healing. Results were submitted to statistical analysis. Biometrical evaluation showed improvement of healing for the period of 21 and 28 days in the lased group. Clinical evaluation showed better reparation mainly after the third day for the active group. Laser group was considered to present an improved healing when compared to the control group. (author)

  2. Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequence of Dendrobium nobile from Northeastern India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parameswaran, Sriram; Sundar, Durai

    2016-01-01

    The orchid species Dendrobium nobile belonging to the family Orchidaceae and genus Dendrobium (a vast genus that encompasses nearly 1,200 species) has an herbal medicinal history of about 2000 years in east and south Asian countries. Here, we report the complete chloroplast genome sequence of D. nobile from northeastern India for the first time.

  3. AnimaCampuse lipukiri soovitab: "Kehtesta oma reeglid" / Liina Luhats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luhats, Liina

    2011-01-01

    15.-19. nov.-ni Tallinnas paralleelselt animafilmide festivaliga toimuvat AnimaCampust tutvustab programmijuht Heilika Pikkov. AnimaCampuse avalike loengute kava. 19. nov.-l toimuvast koomiksipäevast

  4. New perspectives on the Italia tragedy and Umberto Nobile

    OpenAIRE

    Aas, Steinar

    2005-01-01

    Seventy-seven years ago a tragedy took place in the Norwegian Arctic which shook the international community–especially Norwegians–and led to the public condemnation of the Italian explorer and airship builder Umberto Nobile. Steinar Aas, historian and author of a book on Nobile, has perused a trove of “new” material recently donated to the Norwegian Polar Institute and the Polar Museum in Tromsø, Norway. In this (unreviewed) piece, Aas explains why he finds the new collection a fascinating s...

  5. Nordover med filmkamera - fra Wellman til Nobile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Anders Diesen

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Heroic Era in Polar Exploration is filled with fascinating stories about interesting men, and the Race for the Poles is richly described in hundreds of books. The Heroic Era in Polar Exploration coincided with the conception of film technology and rise of commercial cinema, and many polar explorers saw potential in utilising this new technology as a research tool. As a result there exists a range of films from the Polar Explorations, but since their making and initial screenings they have received little attention. The story of these films is also an interesting one, although it has not yet been written. A few years after the production of the first film cameras, the explorer Carsten Borchgrevink brought one along on his British Antarctic Expedition in 1898. His main sponsor, a newspaper publisher, wanted to make news films, but the cinematograph, the film reel and the filming skills were not sufficiently developed to capture living images from the polar region. Our record of this first attempt at making a polar film is limited to one scene from when the expedition is leaving London.The first explorer to succeed in filming in the Arctic was Anthony Fiala in 1902, and since his breakthrough the cinematograph became standard scientific equipment on all polar expeditions. The Mechanical Era in Polar Exploration came with the aeroplanes, the airships and the telegraph. Roald Amundsen played a major role here; he claimed his idea about using aeroplanes was as important to the polar exploration as Nansen´s use of skies and dogsledges in the heroic era. This article tells the story about explorers with film camera trying to reach the North Pole from Spitzbergen. Wellman, Amundsen, Byrd and Nobile are the main characters. The story of their fantastic expeditions is told by others; this is the story about their films, and how the films from the Arctic developed from just documenting landscape and animal life until they became proper documentary

  6. Gingival healing after gingivectomy procedure and low intensity laser irradiation. A clinical and biometrical study in anima nobile

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the present study seven patients presenting periodontal disease were selected in a way that they required the performance of gingivectomy procedure in the region of premolars in both sides, being this in the upper or lower region. After the surgical procedure one side was submitted to low intensity laser radiation, wavelength 685 nm, power 50 mW and fluency of 4J/cm2, contact mode. The other side was used as a control, not receiving any laser irradiation. Healing process for both sides, was clinically and biometrically evaluated and compared using photographs for the periods: pre-operative, immediate post-operative, 3, 7,14,21, 28 and 35 days. The analysis was performed by 3 specialists in Periodontology considering aspects of healing. Results were submitted to statistical analysis. Biometrical evaluation showed improvement of healing for the period of 21 and 28 days in the lased group. Clinical evaluation showed better reparation mainly after the third day for the active group. Laser group was considered to present an improved healing when compared to the control group. (author)

  7. Nobility, Competence, and Disruption: Challenges to Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenstermacher, Gary D.

    2015-01-01

    This article was comprises the keynote address presented by Gary D. Fenstermacher, at the Conference of the California Council on Teacher Education (CCTE), March 19, 2015, in San Jose, California. The subject covered Nobility, Competence, and Disruption and what they mean in teacher education. Fenstermacher presents his subject in four assertions:…

  8. Anima: Modular workflow system for comprehensive image data analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ville eRantanen

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Modern microscopes produce vast amounts of image data, and computational methods are needed to analyze and interpret these data. Furthermore, a single image analysis project may require tens or hundreds of analysis steps starting from data import and preprocessing to segmentation and statistical analysis; and ending with visualization and reporting. To manage such large-scale image data analysis projects, we present here a modular workflow system called Anima. Anima is designed for comprehensive and efficient image data analysis, and it contains several features that are crucial in high-throughput image data analysis: programming language independence, batch processing, easily customized data processing, interoperability with other software via application programming interfaces, and advanced multivariate statistical analysis. The utility of Anima is shown with two case studies focusing on testing different algorithms developed in different imaging platforms and an automated prediction of alive/dead C. elegans worms by integrating several analysis environmens. Anima is fully open source and available with documentation at http://www.anduril.org/anima

  9. Informatiivisen 2D-animaation suunnittelu ja toteutus

    OpenAIRE

    Inkinen, Jaakko

    2015-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena on tutkia animaatiota infografiikan välineenä. Produktiivinen työ on informatiivisen 2D-animaation suunnittelu ja toteutus. Työn toimeksiantajana on Carea, eli Kymenlaakson sairaanhoito- ja sosiaalipalvelujen kuntayhtymä. Animaation tarkoituksena on informoida potilaita omista mahdollisuuksistaan vaikuttaa hoitonsa turvallisuuteen, ja lopullinen tuotos tulee näkymään sekä internetissä että Kymenlaakson keskussairaalassa sijaitsevilta näytöiltä. Työ toteutetaan ...

  10. Anima and Animus of the Hero and Heroine in Snowdrops

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游伟

    2013-01-01

    According to Carl Jung, a male may possess feminine psychological qualities and a female may possess masculine psy-chological qualities. From this perspective, this paper tries to use Carl Jung’s theory of anima and animus to analyze the character-ization of the hero and heroine in snowdrops.

  11. Mast cells behavior analysis: non mineralized wall of suprabony periodontal pockets submitted to low intensity laser radiation. (An in anima nobile study)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For this study 20 patients with periodontal disease were selected. The treatment required for all of then was the gingivectomy, a ressective periodontal surgery. This technique consists of removing the whole excess of gingival tissue with the intent of reestablishing the anatomy and the correct function. The gingival area was submitted to 2 different wavelengths and then histologically analysed to search for alterations, mainly concerning mast cells behavior, a blood cell responsible, among other things, for blood vases enlargement. During the surgical procedure each gingival area was submitted to infrared low intensity laser (λ = 785 nm) or to red laser (λ = 688 nm), both with 50 mW of power and fluence of 8 J/cm2. A third area was analysed, the control area, in which no laser treatment was employed. The samples were fixated in formol, cut and stained by hematoxyline eosine and toluidine blue. Based on the result we can conclude: the 2 wavelengths used in this study led to the reduction in the number of mast cells present in the tissue as well as to the increase on the degranulation of the remaining mast cells, considered statistically significant taken the degranulation index and; there was no significant difference caused by the action of the two laser wavelengths λ=785 nm and λ=688 nm -50 mW of power and fluence of 8 J/cm2-, over the degranulation of the mast cells; the length and width of the randomly chosen blood vases were not statistically different among the analysed groups. (author)

  12. Octulosonic acid derivatives from roman chamomile (Chamaemelum Nobile) with activities against inflammation and metabolic disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamaemelum nobile (L.) Allioni, with the common name Roman chamomile, is widely cultivated in all parts of Europe, northern Africa, North American and southwest Asia. Roman chamomile is listed by the Council of Europe as a natural source of food flavoring. The flowering tops of the plant are used t...

  13. Clergy, nobility and crown in Decadência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Liu

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current work I intend to inquire into the internal motives that led the Portuguese seaborne empire to decadence. After making a brief review of the historiography about the decline of Estado da Índia, I proceed to the analysis of the Crown-Church-Nobility triangle in the course of os Descobrimentos, and of their respective roles in the evolution of Portuguese empire. The absolutization of the crown, the over-expansion of the clergy and the empowerment of the aristocracy became the most conspicuous and longstanding features in the Portuguese social fabric after the country launched herself into maritime undertakings, which crippled her agriculture and retarded the industrialization. As a consequence, the rise of bourgeoisie and the transformation of mercantilist economy into the capitalist were obstructed, and a strong adventurous but non-productive spirit mixed with disdain of manual work prevailed both in metropolis and in overseas territories. In conclusion, the Portuguese decadence commenced from within rather than from without, and far prior to Dutch intrusions in Portuguese Asia, which only accelerated the decline.No presente trabalho tenciono indagar as causas internas que dirigiram o império marítimo português à decadência. Depois de uma revisitação da historiografia relativa ao declínio do Estado da Índia, procedo a uma análise do triângulo de Monarca-Igreja-Nobreza durante os Descobrimentos e dos seus papéis respectivos no evoluir do Império português. É verificável que a absolutização da Coroa, a sobre-expansão do clero e a potenciação da aristocracia tornaram-se as características mais salientes e duradouras na estrutura social portuguesa depois de o país se lançar nas façanhas marítimas, do que resultou a agricultura prejudicada e indústria atrasada. A predominância dessas três instituições, por um lado, impediu a ascensão da burguesia, assim dificultando a transformação da economia

  14. Antibacterial, anti-swarming and anti-biofilm formation activities of Chamaemelum nobile against Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Kazemian

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available AbstractINTRODUCTION:Chamomile ( Chamaemelum nobile is widely used throughout the world, and has anti-inflammatory, deodorant, bacteriostatic, antimicrobial, carminative, sedative, antiseptic, anti-catarrhal, and spasmolytic properties. Because of the increasing incidence of drug-resistant bacteria, the development of natural antibacterial sources such as medical herbs for the treatment of infectious diseases is necessary. Extracts from different plant parts such as the leaves, flowers, fruit, and bark of Combretum albiflorum, Laurus nobilis , and Sonchus oleraceus were found to possess anti-quorum sensing (QS activities. In this study, we evaluated the effect of C. nobile against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formationMETHODS:The P. aeruginosa samples were isolated from patients with different types of infection, including wound infection, septicemia, and urinary tract infection. The flowers of C. nobile were dried and the extract was removed using a rotary device and then dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide at pH 7.4. The microdilution method was used to evaluate the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC of this extract on P. aeruginosa , and biofilm inhibition was assayed.RESULTS:Eighty percent of the isolated samples (16/20 could form a biofilm, and most of these were isolated from wound infections. The biofilm inhibitory concentration of the C. nobile extract was 6.25-25mg/ml, whereas the MIC was 12.5-50mg/ml.CONCLUSIONS:The anti-QS property of C. nobile may play an important role in its antibacterial activity, thus offering an additional strategy in the fight against bacterial infections. However, molecular investigation is required to explore the exact mechanisms of the antibacterial action and functions of this phytocompound.

  15. Composition of supercritical carbon dioxide derived extracts of Chamaemelum nobile / Joshua Lebanna

    OpenAIRE

    Lebanna, Joshua

    2005-01-01

    The feasibility of extracting botanical substances from samples of Cameamelum nobile (Roman chamomile) with supercritical carbon dioxide (sc-C02) was investigated. The advantages of clean technology and the relevance of chamomile extracts to the fragrance, flavour, food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries sewed as motivation for the investigation. Extractions were performed on selected dried plant material using a commercial laboratory-size supercritical fluid extractor....

  16. Preliminary genetic linkage maps of Chinese herb Dendrobium nobile and D. moniliforme

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Shangguo Feng; Hongyan Zhao; Jiangjie Lu; Junjun Liu; Bo Shen; Huizhong Wang

    2013-08-01

    Dendrobium is an endangered genus in the orchid family with medicinal and horticultural value. Two preliminary genetic linkage maps were constructed using 90 F1 progeny individuals derived from an interspecific cross between D. nobile and D. moniliforme (both, $2n = 38$), using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and intersimple sequence repeat (ISSR). A total of 286 RAPD loci and 68 ISSR loci were identified and used for genetic linkage analysis. Maps were constructed by double pseudo-testcross mapping strategy using the software Mapmaker/EXP ver. 3.0, and Kosambi map distances were constructed using a LOD score ≥4 and a recombination threshold of 0.4. The resulting frame map of D. nobile was 1474 cM in total length with 116 loci distributed in 15 linkage groups; and the D. moniliforme linkage map had 117 loci placed in 16 linkage groups spanning 1326.5 cM. Both maps showed 76.91% and 73.59% genome coverage for D. nobile and D. moniliforme, respectively. These primary maps provide an important basis for genetic studies and further medicinal and horticultural traits mapping and marker-assisted selection in Dendrobium breeding programmes.

  17. Mast cells behavior analysis: non mineralized wall of suprabony periodontal pockets submitted to low intensity laser radiation. (An in anima nobile study); Verificacao do comportamento de mastocitos na parede nao mineralizada da bolsa periodontal supra-ossea submetida a radiacao laser de baixa intensidade. (Estudo in anima nobile)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silveira, Livio de Barros

    2001-07-01

    For this study 20 patients with periodontal disease were selected. The treatment required for all of then was the gingivectomy, a ressective periodontal surgery. This technique consists of removing the whole excess of gingival tissue with the intent of reestablishing the anatomy and the correct function. The gingival area was submitted to 2 different wavelengths and then histologically analysed to search for alterations, mainly concerning mast cells behavior, a blood cell responsible, among other things, for blood vases enlargement. During the surgical procedure each gingival area was submitted to infrared low intensity laser ({lambda} = 785 nm) or to red laser ({lambda} = 688 nm), both with 50 mW of power and fluence of 8 J/cm{sup 2}. A third area was analysed, the control area, in which no laser treatment was employed. The samples were fixated in formol, cut and stained by hematoxyline eosine and toluidine blue. Based on the result we can conclude: the 2 wavelengths used in this study led to the reduction in the number of mast cells present in the tissue as well as to the increase on the degranulation of the remaining mast cells, considered statistically significant taken the degranulation index and; there was no significant difference caused by the action of the two laser wavelengths {lambda}=785 nm and {lambda}=688 nm -50 mW of power and fluence of 8 J/cm{sup 2}-, over the degranulation of the mast cells; the length and width of the randomly chosen blood vases were not statistically different among the analysed groups. (author)

  18. The Anima in Theatre: Animating a Jungian Concept for Devisers, Directors, and Actors

    OpenAIRE

    Zimmerman, Shadow David

    2016-01-01

    In order to distill Carl Jung’s psychoanalytical theories on archetypes into a format, which can be better understood and used by dramatic analysts and theatre-makers, I explored the Anima archetype and its representations in two plays, Medea (431 BC) by Euripides and The Great God Brown (1926) by Eugene O’Neill. In this thesis, I first define the Anima in Jung’s terms and explain how we can find it represented in drama. I then analyze the Anima-inspired conflicts in the two plays in a fairly...

  19. Interaction between a Dark Septate Endophytic Isolate from Dendrobium sp.and Roots of D.nobile Seedlings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Qiang Hou; Shun-Xing Guo

    2009-01-01

    Interactions between an isolate of dark septate endophytas (DSE) and roots of Dendroblum nobile Lindl.seedlings are reported in this paper.The isolate was obtained from orchid mycorrhizas on Dendrobium sp.in subtropical forest.The fungus formed typical orchid mycorrhiza in aseptic co-culture with D.nobile seedlings on modified Murashige-Skoog (MMS)medium.Anatomic observations of the infected roots showed that the DSE hyphae invaded the velamen layer,passed through passage cells in exodermis,entered the cortex cells,and then formed fungal pelotons of orchid mycorrhiza.D.nobile seedlings' plant height,stem diameter,new roots number and biomass were greatly enhanced by inoculating the fungus to seedlings.The fungus was identified as Leptodontidium by sequencing the polymerase chain reaction-amplified rDNA ITSt-5.8S-ITS2 (internal transcribed spacer (ITS)) regions and comparison with similar taxa.

  20. Tandem Mass Spectrometry for Structural Identification of Sesquiterpene alkaloids from the stems of dendrobium nobile using LC-QToF3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dendrobium nobile is one of the fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Sesquiterpene alkaloids are the main active components in this plant. Due to weak ultraviolet absorption and low content in D. nobile, these sesquiterpene alkaloids have not been extensively studied using chroma...

  1. Os sete graus de atividade da alma humana no De quantitate animae de Santo Agostinho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Ricardo Strefling

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A alma é, sem dúvida, um dos problemas que mais interessou a Santo Agostinho; ele a define como uma substância partícipe da razão adequada ao governo de um corpo. A alma não tem quantidade corporal, contudo, é uma coisa grande. Este estudo pretende refletir sobre os sete graus de atividade da alma, os quais o autor apresenta na sua obra De quantitate animae. São eles: a animação, a sensação, a arte, a virtude, a tranquilidade, o ingresso e a contemplação.

  2. The Role of the Nobility in the Development of Navigation on the Danube (XIX - early XX centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliya Tsyganenko

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The questions of the place and role of the nobility of Bessarabia in the development of transport Infrastructure of the region in the late 19th - early 20th centuries is disscused. The activity of Prince Y. Gagarin - the first founder of shipping company on the Danube - Russian-Danube Shipping Company, which by 1886 evolved into a major joint-venture private limited transport in Bessarabia - Black Sea-Danube Shipping

  3. Arminio nobile e la misura del cielo ovvero le disavventure di un astronomo napoletano

    CERN Document Server

    Capaccioli, Massimo

    2012-01-01

    La scienza è un’esaltante avventura che è costume raccontare attraverso le gesta dei grandi. Esiste però un’altra storia, altrettanto avvincente ma con poca voce, scritta dai tanti gregari e potenziali campioni cui la sorte, spesso nemmeno troppo cieca, ha negato la gloria. Questo libro parla di uno di loro e del suo piccolo mondo sulla collina di Capodimonte, a Napoli. È la parabola di Arminio Nobile – personaggio notevole eppure poco noto dell’astronomia italiana – svolta sulla scena della nascente astrofisica, in una stagione di grandi transizioni per il Mezzogiorno. Arminio, che era figlio di Giuseppina Guacci, figura di spicco della cultura pre-risorgimentale, e di un valente astronomo della Specola di Capodimonte, scelse di votarsi allo studio del cielo. Osservatore instancabile, appassionato e genialoide, aveva le carte in regola e le motivazioni per “sfondare”, ma la fortuna non gli arrise: più volte si beffò di lui, spingendolo su vicoli ciechi che la sua testardaggine gli impedì...

  4. Stephen's Anima Archetype Development in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋昕

    2015-01-01

    阿尼玛作为荣格集体无意识理论提出的重要原型,主要指男人潜意识中的女性原型意象.乔伊斯名作《一个青年艺术家的画像》里几位重要女性作为斯蒂芬潜意识里的阿尼玛意象,对他从懵懂到成熟的不同成长阶段影响深远.%Anima is the important archetype of Jung's Collective Unconscious, and mainly refers to the archetypal female images existing within the men's unconsciousness. The heroines as Stephen's Anima in Unconscious in Joyce's masterpiece A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man have great impact on Stephen's psychological mature from ignorance.

  5. Antioxidant Activity of Extract from Dendrobium nobile%金钗石解的抗氧化活性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄小燕; 党翠芝; 杨庆雄

    2011-01-01

    To explore the antioxidant activity of extract from Dendrobiurn nobile and provide the scientific basis for rational development and utilization of Dendrobium nobile, by combining the methods of cold ethanol soaking and solvent extracting, the fractions of ethanol condensed, ethyl acetate, petroleum ether,chloroform and the extract of MCI column separation were obtained and the scavenging ability on DPPH · ,OH · and ABTS · were determined and compared with Vc and BHT. The results showed that the scavenging ability of extract from Dendrobium nobile was ethyl acetate extract>ethanol extract>MCI extract,scavenging capacity of chloroform extract and petroleum ether extract were poor, scavenging capacity of the extract was lower than Vc.%为探索金钗石斛的杭氧化活性,以便合理开发利用金钗石斛,采用乙醇冷浸与溶剂分相萃取相结合的方法获得金钗石斛的乙醇浓缩浸膏、乙酸乙酯提取物、石油醚提取物、氛仿提取物和MCI柱分离提取物,测定各提取物对DPPH·自由基,· OH自由基和ABTS·自由基的清除能力,并与阳性对照品Vc和BHT进行比较.结果表明:金钗石斛提取物对自由基的清除能力为乙酸乙酯提取物>乙醇提取物>MCI柱吸附提取物,氯仿提取物与石油醚提取物清除自由基的能力极弱,提取物清除自由基的能力均低于VC.

  6. Social and Political Activization of the Don Nobility in the Early 20th Century and “Noble Liberalism”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bratolyubova Mariya Viktorovna

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Peculiarity of the social, economic and legal status of the Don nobility influenced its political alertness and the opposition character of activity. The liberal wing supported the creation of a new world outlook system which was expected to provide the basis for transforming the political system by means of gradual transition to people’s representatives or constitutional form of government. The liberal landowners insisted on the introduction of zemstvo (district council, the solution of the Cossack issue; they strived for liberalization of the military and bureaucratic control of the Cossack troops and demanded the withdrawal of civil government agencies from the competence of the Military department. The liberal nobility actively supported the change of conditions of service for the Cossacks and pressed for easier draft obligation and releasing the Cossack troops from police duties which clashed with the military dignity. The conservative type of liberalism prevailed within the noble class of the DHR that distanced itself from both the left and the right political forces. The liberalism of the Don nobles was also a reflection of social and cultural peculiarities of the Cossacks. The social basis of the Don liberalism differed from the common Russian analogs. As the Cossack class was rather numerous at the Don, and its representatives made up quite an important part of the regional liberal corporation, they influenced its tactics and the political programming considerably.

  7. Integrated Investigations of Environmental Effects of Historical Mining in the Animas River Watershed, San Juan County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Church, Stanley E.; Von Guerard, Paul; Finger, Susan E.

    2007-01-01

    This publication comprises a Volume Contents of chapters (listed below) and a CD-ROM of data (contents shown in column at right). The Animas River watershed in southwest Colorado is one of many watersheds in the western United States where historical mining has left a legacy of acid mine drainage and elevated concentrations of potentially toxic trace elements in surface streams. U.S. Geological Survey scientists have completed a major assessment of the environmental effects of historical mining in the Animas River watershed focusing on the area upstream of Silverton, Colo.?the Mineral Creek, Cement Creek, and upper Animas River basins. The study demonstrated how the watershed approach can be used to assess and rank mining-affected sites for possible cleanup. The study was conducted in collaboration with State and Federal land-management agencies and regional stakeholders groups. This book is available for purchase at Information Services, U.S. Geological Survey (1-888-ASK-USGS).

  8. ¿Una imagen dualista en el De Anima de Aristóteles?

    OpenAIRE

    Mittelmann, Jorge

    2014-01-01

    This paper deals with a seeming contradiction that may seriously impair Aristotle’s definition of the soul in his De Anima. While this definiens has been widely regarded as providing a non-dualistic account of life-functions, grounded in a hylomorphic approach to living beings, Aristotle sticks to an instrumental language vis-à-vis the body, which he consistently refers to as a tool of the soul. It is argued that this philosophical way of talking should be taken at face value, without dismiss...

  9. Reconnaissance-level application of physical habitat simulation in the evaluation of physical habitat limits in the Animas Basin, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milhous, Robert T.

    2003-01-01

    The Animas River is in southwestern Colorado and flows mostly to the south to join the San Juan River at Farmington, New Mexico (Figure 1). The Upper Animas River watershed is in San Juan County, Colorado and is located in the San Juan Mountains. The lower river is in the Colorado Plateau country. The winters are cold with considerable snowfall and little snowmelt in the mountains in the upper part of the basin. The lower basin has less snow but the winters are still cold. The streamflows during the winter are low and reasonably stable.

  10. 3D-animaation käyttö CHP-voimalan visualisoinnissa : esimerkkinä GASEK CHP

    OpenAIRE

    Muilu, Jaakko

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli suunnitella ja toteuttaa GASEK Oy:lle animaatio kolmiulotteisella grafiikalla. Animaation tarkoitus oli esitellä GASEK Oy:n CHP-voimalaitosta, jossa sekapuuhakkeesta tuotetaan lämpöä ja sähköä. Työn pääpainona oli visualisoida CHP-voimalassa tapahtuva kaasutusprosessi ja puukaasun virtaus laitteistossa. Opinnäytetyön käytännön osuuksiin kuuluivat animaation suunnittelu, toteutus ja videon luominen. The aim of the thesis was to plan and produce an animatio...

  11. Cloning, Expression Profiling and Functional Analysis of CnHMGS, a Gene Encoding 3-hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl Coenzyme A Synthase from Chamaemelum nobile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuiyuan Cheng

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile L. is renowned for its production of essential oils, which major components are sesquiterpenoids. As the important enzyme in the sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis pathway, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase (HMGS catalyze the crucial step in the mevalonate pathway in plants. To isolate and identify the functional genes involved in the sesquiterpene biosynthesis of C. nobile L., a HMGS gene designated as CnHMGS (GenBank Accession No. KU529969 was cloned from C. nobile. The cDNA sequence of CnHMGS contained a 1377 bp open reading frame encoding a 458-amino-acid protein. The sequence of the CnHMGS protein was highly homologous to those of HMGS proteins from other plant species. Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that CnHMGS clustered with the HMGS of Asteraceae in the dicotyledon clade. Further functional complementation of CnHMGS in the mutant yeast strain YSC6274 lacking HMGS activity demonstrated that the cloned CnHMGS cDNA encodes a functional HMGS. Transcript profile analysis indicated that CnHMGS was preferentially expressed in flowers and roots of C. nobile. The expression of CnHMGS could be upregulated by exogenous elicitors, including methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid, suggesting that CnHMGS was elicitor-responsive. The characterization and expression analysis of CnHMGS is helpful to understand the biosynthesis of sesquiterpenoid in C. nobile at the molecular level and also provides molecular wealth for the biotechnological improvement of this important medicinal plant.

  12. Genetic stability and phytochemical analysis of the in vitro regenerated plants of Dendrobium nobile Lindl., an endangered medicinal orchid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paromik Bhattacharyya

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available An efficient genetically stable regeneration protocol with increased phytochemical production has been established for Dendrobium nobile, a highly prized orchid for its economic and medicinal importance. Protocorm like bodies (PLBs were induced from the pseudostem segments using thidiazuron (TDZ; 1.5 mg/l, by-passing the conventional auxin–cytokinin complement approach for plant regeneration. Although, PLB induction was observed at higher concentrations of TDZ, plantlet regeneration from those PLBs was affected adversely. The best rooting (5.41 roots/shoot was achieved in MS medium with 1.5 mg/l TDZ and 0.25% activated charcoal. Plantlets were successfully transferred to a greenhouse with a survival rate of 84.3%, exhibiting normal development. Genetic stability of the regenerated plants was investigated using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD and start codon targeted (SCoT polymorphism markers which detected 97% of genetic fidelity among the regenerants. The PIC values of RAPD and SCoT primers were recorded to be 0.92 and 0.76 and their Rp values ranged between 3.66 and 10, and 4 and 12 respectively. The amplification products of the regenerated plants showed similar banding patterns to that of the mother plant thus demonstrating the homogeneity of the micropropagated plants. A comparative phytochemical analysis among the mother and the micropropagated plants showed a higher yield of secondary metabolites. The regeneration protocol developed in this study provides a basis for ex-situ germplasm conservation and also harnesses the various secondary metabolite compounds of medicinal importance present in D. nobile.

  13. Anima/Animus and Wise Old Man in Six Characters in Search of an Author

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    Ali Jamalinesari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The word ‘archetype’ is derived from the Greek words arche meaning ‘first’ and type meaning ‘imprint’ or ‘pattern’. Actually, the archetypes are like deposits of experiences that have been frequently repeated in the history of human beings. They are present in all humans from birth. They can be represented in dreams, fantasies, or as a story, as a pattern or image such as mandala, or as an archetypal or mythical character. Jung believes that the archetypes are not memories of past experiences but are forms without content that represent a certain kind of perception and action. They offer a kind of preparation to produce similar mythical ideas again and again.  Jung discovers that, since we have different cultures with different people, we have different kinds of archetypes – some known, many others yet to be discovered. In this regards, in the followings the archetypes Anima/Animus and Wise Old Man are discussed in Six Characters in Search of an Author to show how the question of reality, illusion and the oxymoron illusive reality as a major theme haunts Pirandello`s play.Keywords: Jung, Anima, Animus, Wise Old Man, Pirandello

  14. La schiava del filosofo: sventure dell’anima e della giustizia. Apuleio, Platone, Sade

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    Massimo Stella

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I try to point out and to investigate the relationship between the narrative archetype of the chased maiden, starting from Apuleius’ literary codification of this motif in Cupid and Psyche’s myth, and the representation of justice/injustice in Plato’s (Republic and Sade’s (Justine, Juliette political philosophy. This inquiry leads us to the embarassing conclusion that political philosophy, in its theoretical and perpetual effort to reshape the concepts of justice and injustice, has never focused (or is it a case of voluntary obliteration? on the real matter of the whole question: the story and the rights of the innocent victim.Keywords: fanciulla, schiava, puttana, prigione, stupro, anima, giustizia, filosofo, libertino; maiden, slave, whore, prison, rape, soul, justice, philosopher, libertine.

  15. La schiava del filosofo: sventure dell’anima e della giustizia. Apuleio, Platone, Sade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Stella

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available

    In this paper I try to point out and to investigate the relationship between the narrative archetype of the chased maiden, starting from Apuleius’ literary codification of this motif in Cupid and Psyche’s myth, and the representation of justice/injustice in Plato’s (Republic and Sade’s (Justine, Juliette political philosophy. This inquiry leads us to the embarassing conclusion that political philosophy, in its theoretical and perpetual effort to reshape the concepts of justice and injustice, has never focused (or is it a case of voluntary obliteration? on the real matter of the whole question: the story and the rights of the innocent victim.

    Keywords: fanciulla, schiava, puttana, prigione, stupro, anima, giustizia, filosofo, libertino; maiden, slave, whore, prison, rape, soul, justice, philosopher, libertine.

  16. Some considerations concerning the alchemy of the De anima in arte alchemiae of pseudo-Avicenna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moureau, Sébastien

    2009-03-01

    This article explains some essential features of the alchemical doctrine of the De anima in arte alchemiae, a treatise written in Spain during the twelfth century (in Arabic, but only the Latin translation remains), and wrongly attributed to Avicenna. It shows that pseudo-Avicenna uses alchemical principles and elixir theory directly inspired by Jabirian texts, and classification of materials influenced by al-Razi. The alchemy of pseudo-Avicenna is entirely based on operations on the four elements: the alchemist has to reduce hair, blood or eggs to their elements, and isolate one of their essential properties (warmth, coldness, moisture and dryness), so that he can change the proportion of essential properties of the body he wants to transmute into gold or silver. The preparation made from hair, blood or eggs (the isolated property) is what he calls the elixir. PMID:19831259

  17. Cel shading : história e aplicação do efeito 2D em Animação Digital

    OpenAIRE

    Conceição, Sérgio Gil Pinheiro da

    2013-01-01

    A presente dissertação tem como principais objetivos a compreensão e a análise da técnica visual Cel shading, quer na indústria digital de animação, quer na de videojogos. Cel shading é uma técnica visual de animação, que permite emular ilustrações, ou desenhos, em gráficos 3D, que devidamente animados, formam vários constituintes das indústrias de animação e de videojogos. Ao longo desta dissertação é realizada uma contextualização histórica da animação, analisando diversas técnicas e proces...

  18. Free publication strengthens Brazilian production of animations Publicação gratuita fortalece a produção de animações brasileiras

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    Emerson S. Dias

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Dramaturgia de série de animação [recurso eletrônico], de Sérgio Nesteriuk. São Paulo, ANIMATV / Sérgio Nesteriuk, 2011, 300 p.Dramaturgia de série de animação [recurso eletrônico], de Sérgio Nesteriuk. São Paulo, ANIMATV / Sérgio Nesteriuk, 2011, 300 p.

  19. Free publication strengthens Brazilian production of animations
    Publicação gratuita fortalece a produção de animações brasileiras

    OpenAIRE

    Emerson S. Dias

    2012-01-01

    Dramaturgia de série de animação [recurso eletrônico], de Sérgio Nesteriuk. São Paulo, ANIMATV / Sérgio Nesteriuk, 2011, 300 p.Dramaturgia de série de animação [recurso eletrônico], de Sérgio Nesteriuk. São Paulo, ANIMATV / Sérgio Nesteriuk, 2011, 300 p.

  20. La fiesta que queremos. El Festival Internacional de Animación de Córdoba - ANIMA

    OpenAIRE

    González, Alejandro R.

    2013-01-01

    [ES] El ANIMA - Festival Internacional de Animación de Córdoba (Argentina), es un evento académico y cultural, dedicado específicamente a la animación en sus dimensiones artísticas y tecnológicas. ANIMA combina la energía, entusiasmo y goce de un festival de animación con los aspectos científicos de un congreso. Se desarrolla desde el 2001 con continuidad en todos los años impares; es el principal evento referido a la animación en Argentina, y un muy influyente jugador en su campo en América ...

  1. Study on the in vitro Rapid Propagation System of Dendrobium nobile Lindl%金钗石斛的离体快繁体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗林会; 王勤

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective] To study the in vitro rapid propagation system of D. nobile. f Method] The seeds of D. nobile were selected for the in vitro rapid propagation by tissue culture. [ Result] MS + I mg/L BA + 0.02 mg/L N AA + 2% potato juice + 3 % sucrose was suitable for the protocorm induction and hud differentiation of D. nobile. The inductive rate was 7 - 10. The most suitable rooting medium was 1/2 MS + 0. 2 mg/L BA + 0.2 mg/L NAA + 0.2 mg/L GA + 2% banana juice + 2% potato juice + 2% sucrose. The rooting rate was above 98% , and survival rate was above 90%. [ Conclusion ] The method studied the in vitro rapid propagation system of D. nobile and provided references for the tissue culture of its seedlings.%[目的]研究金钗石斛的离体快繁体系.[方法]以金钗石斛的种子为材料,采用组培法进行离体培养.[结果]适宜于金钗石斛圆球茎诱导增殖及茅分化的培养基为:MS+1 mg/L BA +0.02 mg/L NAA+浓度2%马铃薯+浓度3%白糖,增殖系数为7-10.生根培养基为1/2MS +0.2 mg/L BA +0.2 mg/L NAA +0.2 mg/L CA+浓度2%香蕉+浓度2%马铃薯+浓度2%白糖;生根率达98%以上,移栽成活率在90%左右.[结论]该方法对金钗石斛的离体快繁体系进行了研究,为组培繁殖金钗石斛种苗提供了参考.

  2. 从俄国文学作品看俄国贵族家庭的结构与生活%Russian nobility's family life in imperial era:An investigation from Russian literature and family records of nobilities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王康名

    2016-01-01

    从彼得大帝改革到19世纪的农奴制改革,俄国社会的发展都不可避免地受到西欧文化的影响。尤其对于俄国社会中最容易接触西欧文化的俄国贵族来说,西欧思想更是深刻影响了他们的家庭秩序。传统上,很多人认为俄国的近代化历程是一个单纯接受西欧文化的过程,但在深入分析俄国贵族阶层的著名文学作品和家庭记录等一手材料中可以发现,俄国所特有的家庭模式仍然在19世纪具有相当强的影响力,并且存在相对于西欧家庭模式先进之处。因此可以看出,俄国近代家庭秩序的变迁并不是单方面地接受西欧文化的过程,而是在本土独有的家庭文化和西欧家庭文化互相交融的结果下,一同走上了殊途同归的道路。%Since reform of Peter the Great to ninteen century's slavery reform ,Russian society was inevitably infected by Western culture .For those nobilities ,the regulations of their family structure w ere also deeply influenced by Western culture . T raditionally , the transition of Russian society was a unilateral adoption of Western Europe culture .However ,based on the analysis of literatures and family records ,it is figured out that the traditional Russian family culture still has its position on Russian daily life .What is more ,compared to family order of Western Europe , Russian family order has its ow n advances (for instance , the inheritance rights of women) .Therefore ,it is obvious that the transition of Russian family structure on imperial Russia period was a by-directional culture exchange between Russia and Western Europe rather than a unilateral culture invasion from Western Europe .

  3. Why it is difficult to see the anima as a helpful object: critique and clinical relevance of the theory of archetypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Raffay, A

    2000-10-01

    This paper is divided into three parts. The first deals briefly with more general aspects of the theory of archetypes (as conceived by Jung); the second examines the anima archetype in rather more detail, because it is, apart from the self, the main archetype in Jung's thought; and the third discusses the clinical repercussions of the anima theory and of the theory of the archetypes in general. The various references to Jung himself and certain circumstances of his life are included here on the assumption that personal problems in his biography contributed decisively to the constitution of his theory, so that deeper insights accure if they are taken into account.

  4. Why it is difficult to see the anima as a helpful object: critique and clinical relevance of the theory of archetypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Raffay, A

    2000-10-01

    This paper is divided into three parts. The first deals briefly with more general aspects of the theory of archetypes (as conceived by Jung); the second examines the anima archetype in rather more detail, because it is, apart from the self, the main archetype in Jung's thought; and the third discusses the clinical repercussions of the anima theory and of the theory of the archetypes in general. The various references to Jung himself and certain circumstances of his life are included here on the assumption that personal problems in his biography contributed decisively to the constitution of his theory, so that deeper insights accure if they are taken into account. PMID:11077760

  5. Germinação assimbiótica e desenvolvimento de Dendrobium nobile Lindl. sob efeito de reguladores vegetais no tratamento pré-germinativo Asymbiotic germination and development of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. under the effect of plant growth regulators in pre-germinative treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.S. Soares

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a influência dos reguladores vegetais BAP e GA3 como tratamentos pré-germinativos no processo de germinação e desenvolvimento inicial de plântulas de Dendrobium nobile, espécie importante pelas propriedades farmacológicas como anti-oxidante, vasodilatadora e até mesmo anti-cancerígena, além do valor ornamental. Os tratamentos pré-germinativos consistiram de BAP e GA3, separadamente, nas concentrações de 0,0; 1,0; 2,0 e 5,0 mg L-1. Após seis meses da semeadura in vitro e manutenção em câmara de germinação e de crescimento com temperatura e foto-período controlados (12 horas e 23ºC ± 2, foram avaliados os parâmetros número de sementes germinadas, porcentagem de germinação, massa fresca e altura das plântulas, diâmetro e número de pseudobulbos, número de folhas, número de raízes, e o comprimento da maior raiz. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado. Todas as variáveis foram submetidas à análise de variância e de regressão, quando significativas. As sementes de D. nobile germinaram melhor na ausência de reguladores vegetais e os tratamentos com BAP ou GA3 na embebição das sementes pouco beneficiaram o desenvolvimento in vitro de D. nobile.The present study aimed to investigate the influence of plant growth regulators BAP and GA3 as pre-germinative treatment in the process of germination and initial development of seedlings of Dendrobium nobile, a species important for its pharmacological properties like antioxidant, vasodilator and even anticancer, besides its ornamental value. Pre-germinative treatments consisted of BAP and GA3, separately, at the concentrations of 0.0; 1.0; 2.0 and 5.0 mg L-1. At six months after in vitro sowing and maintenance in a germination and growth chamber with controlled temperature and photoperiod (12 hours and 23ºC ± 2, the following parameters were evaluated: number of germinated seeds, percentage of germination

  6. Design Centrado no Usuário e concepções pedagógicas como guia para o desenvolvimento da animação educacional

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    Marcia Maria Alves

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A produção de animações gráficas para o ensino fundamental tem proliferado devido às tecnologias de comunicação e à necessidade de novos recursos que auxiliem ao aprendizado. No entanto, muitas animações são apenas reproduções do material impresso, sem um uso adequado da tecnologia, sem uma adaptação para o aluno/usuário e não alinhadas às concepções pedagógicas atuais. Este artigo pretende buscar na literatura bases para um procedimento de elaboração de materiais didáticos (animações gráficas conectado às concepções construtivistas por meio da aplicação dos princípios do Design Centrado no Usuário (DCU. Para isso, os autores apresentam revisão bibliográfica, comparam os princípios das concepções construtivistas de Vygostky e do DCU, e indicam um possível processo de Design que pode auxiliar na confecção de animações gráficas mais engajadas nas linhas construtivistas e mais próximas dos alunos.

  7. Comparative analysis of bacterial decrease by Er:YAG laser radiation and by a tip mounted on a high-rotation device after remove of carious tissue in dentine: study 'in anima mobile'; Analise comparativa da reducao bacteriana com irradiacao do laser Er:YAG ou ponta montada em alta rotacao apos remocao de tecido cariado em dentina: estudo in anima nobile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blay, Claudia Campos

    2002-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze bacterial decrease after removal of carious tissue in dentine by Er:YAG laser, comparing the results with those achieved by using a tip mounted on a high-rotation device. In view of the difficulty of totally eliminating microorganisms from dentine, even after removing all the carious tissue, and since the presence of a smear layer is a proven fact, it would be extremely convenient to eliminate or to achieve better disinfecting of this notoriously contaminated dentine layer, so as to prevent failure of the restoration process in most cases. For this study, we selected 30 pre-molars and molars with caries rated as medium sized and which required restoration treatment. The teeth were divided in two groups, where 15 teeth received conventional treatment (control group - I) and 15 teeth were treated with Er:YAG laser (Kavo Key Laser) (laser group - II). Microbiologic analysis was used in order to determine presence or absence of bacteria. In group I as well as in group II a previous curettage of part of the dentine caries was performed, and the sample was seeded in an Agar culture medium and incubated at 37 deg C for 72 hours, for a quantitative analysis of bacteria colony forming units (c.f.u.) and qualitative bacterial analysis. After this procedure, carious lesions were removed in group I, using a spherical diamond drill mounted on a high rotation tip, followed by cleaning of the cavity with chlorhexidine digluconate at 2%. In group II, an Er:YAG laser emitting a wave length of 2,94 {mu}m, delivering a 250 mJ energy per pulse at a repetition rate of 2 Hz was used for carious tissue removal. Furthermore in group II (laser), the cavity was conditioned by performing a sweeping at all walls of the preparation with the 50/10 fiber (Kavo), in contact mode, using an energy of 60 mJ per pulse at a frequency of 10 Hz. After removing all caries and performing a cleaning operation in both groups, dentine shavings were collected and seeded in an Agar culture medium, and incubated at 37 deg C for 72 hours for a new microbiological analysis. The results obtained showed that the Er:YAG laser, within the used parameters, was efficient and effective in eliminating all remaining bacteria in a surface cavity preparation, as compared to conventional methods where bacterial growth was detected in 20% of the samples of dentine shavings. (author)

  8. Descriptions of the Animas River-Cement Creek confluence and mixing zone near Silverton, Colorado, during the late summers of 1996 and 1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemel, Laurence E.; Cox, Marisa H.

    2005-01-01

    Acidic waters from Cement Creek discharge into the circum-neutral Animas River in a high-elevation region of the San Juan Mountains near Silverton, Colorado. Cement Creek is acidic and enriched in metals and sulfate because it is fed by discharges from abandoned mines and natural mineral deposits. Mixing with the Animas River raises the pH and produces precipitates of iron and aluminum (oxy)hydroxides, which in turn can adsorb other metals. This confluence was studied in 1996 and 1997 to better understand mixing and sorption processes which are common during the neutralization of acidic streams. The photographs in this report show flow braiding and other features that influenced the way the two streams mixed during the late summers of the two years. They also show 'banding' due to incomplete mixing and 'opalescence' due to chemical reactions and the formation of colloidal-size particles in the mixing zone.

  9. Ferricrete, manganocrete, and bog iron occurrences with selected sedge bogs and active iron bogs and springs in the upper Animas River watershed, San Juan County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, Douglas B.; Church, Stanley E.; Verplanck, Philip L.; Wirt, Laurie

    2003-01-01

    During 1996 to 2000, the Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, Environmental Protection Agency, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service, and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) developed a coordinated strategy to (1) study the environmental effects of historical mining on Federal lands, and (2) remediate contaminated sites that have the greatest impact on water quality and ecosystem health. This dataset provides information that contributes to these overall objectives and is part of the USGS Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative. Data presented here represent ferricrete occurrences and selected iron bogs and springs in the upper Animas River watershed in San Juan County near Silverton, Colorado. Ferricretes (stratified iron and manganese oxyhydroxide-cemented sedimentary deposits) are one indicator of the geochemical baseline conditions as well as the effect that weathering of mineralized rocks had on water quality in the Animas River watershed prior to mining. Logs and wood fragments preserved in several ferricretes in the upper Animas River watershed, collected primarily along streams, yield radiocarbon ages of modern to 9,580 years B.P. (P.L. Verplanck, D.B. Yager, and S.E. Church, work in progress). The presence of ferricrete deposits along the current stream courses indicates that climate and physiography of the Animas River watershed have been relatively constant throughout the Holocene and that weathering processes have been ongoing for thousands of years prior to historical mining activities. Thus, by knowing where ferricrete is preserved in the watershed today, land-management agencies have an indication of (1) where metal precipitation from weathering of altered rocks has occurred in the past, and (2) where this process is ongoing and may confound remediation efforts. These data are included as two coverages-a ferricrete coverage and a bogs and springs coverage. The coverages are included in ArcInfo shapefile and Arc

  10. Geochemical investigations and interim recommendations for priority abandoned mine sites, BLM lands, upper Animas River watershed, San Juan County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nash, J. Thomas

    1999-01-01

    Field observations, sampling of mine dumps and mine drainage waters, and laboratory studies of dump materials have been made at mining areas deemed to be on public lands administered by the U. S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) in the Upper Animas River watershed. Results of chemical analyses of dump materials, leachates of those materials, and surface waters draining mines or dumps provide indications of where acid is generated or consumed, and metal concentrations below mines or dumps. Information on sites previously identified as needing reclamation is reviewed and available geochemical information is used to rank 26 sites into four classes of priority for reclamation. Although there are more than a thousand mining sites (productive mines and prospects) on BLM lands in the Upper Animas River watershed study area, the majority are very small (less than about 70 cubic yards of dump material), are more than 2 miles from a major stream, or so inaccessible as to prohibit reclamation. In the summers of 1997 and 1998 approximately 200 sites were observed and more than 100 of these that appeared to have the potential to geochemically impact the watershed were examined more carefully and sampled. Building upon the prior work of the BLM and associated agencies, this work attempted to identify the most significant sources of mine-related contamination and to rank those sites as to priority for reclamation. These most significant mining areas have been examined within a geologic framework and were evaluated by multiple criteria, including tendency to generate acid and release toxic metals, observed damage to vegetation, potential to release metals based on leach tests, and likelihood of transport into streams of the watershed. No single measurable parameter, such as metal concentration, can be used to rank the sites. Rather, subjective estimates are required to evaluate combinations or interactions among several parameters. The most subjective estimate, while ranking

  11. Quantification and Simulation of Metal Loading to the Upper Animas River, Eureka to Silverton, San Juan County, Colorado, September 1997 and August 1998

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paschke, Suzanne S.; Kimball, Briant A.; Runkel, Robert L.

    2005-01-01

    Drainage from abandoned and inactive mines and from naturally mineralized areas in the San Juan Mountains of southern Colorado contributes metals to the upper Animas River near Silverton, Colorado. Tracer-injection studies and associated synoptic sampling were performed along two reaches of the upper Animas River to develop detailed profiles of stream discharge and to locate and quantify sources of metal loading. One tracer-injection study was performed in September 1997 on the Animas River reach from Howardsville to Silverton, and a second study was performed in August 1998 on the stream reach from Eureka to Howardsville. Drainage in the upper Animas River study reaches contributed aluminum, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, sulfate, and zinc to the surface-water system in 1997 and 1998. Colloidal aluminum, dissolved copper, and dissolved zinc were attenuated through a braided stream reach downstream from Eureka. Instream dissolved copper concentrations were lower than the State of Colorado acute and chronic toxicity standards downstream from the braided reach to Silverton. Dissolved iron load and concentrations increased downstream from Howardsville and Arrastra Gulch, and colloidal iron remained constant at low concentrations downstream from Howardsville. Instream sulfate concentrations were lower than the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's secondary drinking-water standard of 250 milligrams per liter throughout the two study reaches. Elevated zinc concentrations are the primary concern for aquatic life in the upper Animas River. In the 1998 Eureka to Howardsville study, instream dissolved zinc load increased downstream from the Forest Queen mine, the Kittimack tailings, and Howardsville. In the 1997 Howardsville to Silverton study, there were four primary areas where zinc load increased. First, was the increase downstream from Howardsville and abandoned mining sites downstream from the Cunningham Gulch confluence, which also was measured during

  12. Magnetic properties, acid neutralization capacity, and net acid production of rocks in the Animas River Watershed Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCafferty, Anne E.; Yager, Douglas B.; Horton, Radley M.; Diehl, Sharon F.

    2006-01-01

    Federal land managers along with local stakeholders in the Upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colorado are actively designing and implementing mine waste remediation projects to mitigate the effects of acid mine drainage from several abandoned hard rock metal mines and mills. Local source rocks with high acid neutralization capacity (ANC) within the watershed are of interest to land managers for use in these remediation projects. A suite of representative samples was collected from propylitic to weakly sericitic-altered volcanic and plutonic rocks exposed in outcrops throughout the watershed. Acid-base accounting laboratory methods coupled with mineralogic and geochemical characterization provide insight into lithologies that have a range of ANC and net acid production (NAP). Petrophysical lab determinations of magnetic susceptibility converted to estimates for percent magnetite show correlation with the environmental properties of ANC and NAP for many of the lithologies. A goal of our study is to interpret watershed-scale airborne magnetic data for regional mapping of rocks that have varying degrees of ANC and NAP. Results of our preliminary work are presented here.

  13. La influencia de la medicina árabe en la interpretación de avarroes al de anima de Aristóteles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farjeat, Luis Xavier López

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho apresento algumas contribuições de Averróis a respeito de problemas relativos à psicologia e à medicina. Minha intenção é estabelecer algumas relações entre os comentários ao De anima e os tratados de medicina. O itinerário é o seguinte: a Mostrarei que, tal como Aristóteles, Averróis concebe a alma como um conjunto de capacidades biológicas; b De anima é um tratado de biologia e, por isso, podemos encontrar nele algumas considerações que devem ser entendidas a partir de um ponto de vista médico, especialmente a partir da contribuição árabe para a anatomia. é necessário, pois, acentuar a importância dos nervos e do cérebro para compreender a estreita relação entre o De anima e o Livro de Medicina. Haveremos de constatar que Averróis não compreende a alma como um 'principio espiritual', como semelhante a algo gerado, que torna possível diversas funções biológicas, desde a vegetativa e a sensitiva, até a intelectual. Assim, Averróis nega a concepção neoplatônica da alma como algo separado do corpo. Averróis explica que a alma é e concretização do processo biológico chamado 'vida'

  14. Composição de bandas sonoras para filmes de animação: aprendizagens musicais e sociais em jovens do 2º ciclo

    OpenAIRE

    Vitorino, Luís Miguel do Nascimento

    2014-01-01

    Mestrado em Ensino de Educação Musical no Ensino Básico A composição de bandas sonoras para pequenos filmes de animação, constituiu um desafio apelativo para promover uma prática criativa, no âmbito das aulas de Educação Musical do 2º ciclo do Ensino Básico. Implementado com uma turma do sexto ano de escolaridade ao longo de onze aulas, este projeto pretendeu fomentar um conjunto significativo de aprendizagens musicais e estimular, por via do trabalho cooperativo, uma verten...

  15. North Caucasian helmets from the Crimean Tatar Nobility from the Museum of Topkapi Palace (Istanbul, Turkey. Design Features, Design and Combat Use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonid A. Bobrov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the helmets of the Crimean Tatar nobility stored in the Museum of Topkapi Palace (Istanbul, Republic of Turkey. Based on the analysis of design and system design determined that hats were made of Circassian masters of the XVIII century. Helmet No. 1/810 in shape of the dome relates to the type of bevel. Forged a gilded crown complemented by ornamented Hoop, pads, conical pommel, and ringed barmitsa Persian type. In Cherkessia similar hats were known as Tang (from the Arab. "the Taj", i.e. "crown". It is most likely that the owner of the helmet was the last Noureddine Crimean khanate, Bahadir Giray (1789-1792 was the son of MuminGirei (?-1747 and grandson of Khan Saadet Giray IV (1717-1724. Helmet No. 1/812по the shape of a dome refers to the type of conal. Forged iron gilded crown complemented by ornamented Hoop, plates and funnel-shaped topping. Dome placed on the manufacture date of the helmet – "1180 of the Hijra" (i.e., 1766-1767 in the Gregorian calendar, as well as the inscription: "Owner Sultan Ali", "Muhammad Giray", "Mansour". Helmet No. 1/811по the shape of a dome refers to the type of cylindrical. Faceted iron supplemented gilt crown ornamented Hoop, conical pommel and Aventail Persian type. On the front of hats placed the inscription, "Sultan Mohammed Ibn AdilGiray". This suggests that the owner of the helmet could be the son of Nureddin (1718, serasker Budjaka and Editcol (1727-1728 Adil Ibn Selim I Giray or seraskier EditcolAdil Ibn Selim III Giray (1766-1767. In the framework of the interdisciplinary research were made copies of these helmets, which have become the object of scientific experiments aimed at the study of the functional properties of the considered hats. According to the results of the experimental tests it was found that all three of the helmet provide very reliable protection of the head and neck of the warrior from the cutting and cut-and-cutting blows of the enemy. The saber blade

  16. Application of Field Ionization Technology in Analysis for Chamaemelum nobile by GC-TOF-MS%场电离技术在果香菊GC-TOF-MS联用分析中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李忠; 黄静; 芦燕玲; 冯文; 郭生云

    2013-01-01

    In order to discuss the applicability of field ionization technology in analysis field, volatile compositions of aromatic plants-Chamaemelum nobile(L.)A11 were taken as the object of the research. Volatile compounds of Chamaemelum nobile(L.)A11 extracted by microwave was analyzed by GC-EI-TOF MS combined with GOFI-TOF MS. Twelve volatile contituents are isolated by chromatograph and identified using El ionization model from Chamaemelum nobile(L.) All. Eleven contituents are verified by using FI ionization model, in addition, the advantages and disadvantages of field ionization are discussed. GC-FI-TOF HRMS has certain applicability in qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis on the research for volatile compounds of aromatic plants, which can replenish the compounds information obtained by GC-EI-TOF MS.%为了探讨场电离技术在质谱分析中应用的适用性,以芳香性植物果香菊的挥发性成分为研究对象,采用微波萃取法对果香菊的挥发性成分进行提取,利用GC-EI-TOF-MS结合GC-FI-TOF-MS技术对果香菊挥发性成分进行分析研究.果香菊的乙醇溶剂提取物经色谱进样分离,用EI电离模式鉴定了12种挥发性化合物,用FI电离模式验证了11种化合物.结果表明,场电离技术作为一种辅助手段应用于挥发性成分定性定量分析领域具有一定的适用性,该方法能补充GC-EI-TOF MS联用技术中的定性化合物信息.

  17. Hydrologic data for the San Juan and Animas River valleys in the Farmington, Aztec, Bloomfield, and Cedar Hill areas, San Juan County, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAda, D.P.; Shelton, S.G.

    1987-01-01

    In July 1985, the U.S. Geological Survey initiated a three-year study in San Juan County, New Mexico, to determine the concentrations of chemical constituents in the groundwater in the San Juan and Animas River valleys and to determine the direction and rate of groundwater flow and its relation to river stage. The study was conducted in cooperation with the San Juan County Commission and the New Mexico Oil Conservation Division. The data that was collected during the first 1-1/2 yr of the study is completed. The report includes well records for 51 wells and water levels from 23 wells, hydrographs from four observation wells and one river stage site, and available chemical analyses from 50 wells and 14 surface water sites. Water samples from six wells and one surface-water site were analyzed for purgeable organic chemicals; none were detected. (Lantz-PTT)

  18. Educação musical e animação socioeducativa no 1º ciclo no âmbito das actividades de enriquecimento curricular

    OpenAIRE

    Canto, Helena Maria Portugal do

    2010-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em em Ciências da Educação O presente estudo tem por objectivo, apurar qual o contributo da Expressão e Educação Musical no 1º Ciclo, no âmbito das Actividades de Enriquecimento Curricular, enquanto técnica de Animação Socioeducativa no contexto educativo da escola do 1º Ciclo de Casas dos Montes, face à sua acção enquanto meio de aquisição de conhecimentos e crescimento global e integral da criança. No que concerne à componente teórica, desenvolvemos os seguintes p...

  19. Alteration Map Showing Major Faults and Veins and Associated Water-Quality Signatures of the Animas River Watershed Headwaters Near Silverton, Southwest Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bove, Dana J.; Yager, Douglas B.; Mast, M. Alisa; Dalton, J. Brad

    2007-01-01

    This map was produced to provide hard-copy and digital data for alteration assemblages in the historical mining area centered on the Tertiary San Juan and Silverton calderas. The data have direct application to geoenvironmental and mineral exploration objectives. This dataset represents alteration mapping for the upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colorado. The map is based on detailed 1:12,000-scale field mapping, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, mineral mapping by remote sensing (AVIRIS) data, and 1:24,000-scale aerial photographic interpretation. Geologic structures were compiled and generalized from multiple published and unpublished sources (Burbank and Luedke, 1964; Steven and others, 1974; Luedke and Burbank 1975a, b; Lipman, 1976; Luedke and Burbank, 1987; Luedke, 1996) (see Index Map). Unpublished mapping of the Ironton quadrangle by D.J. Bove and J.P. Kurtz in 1997-1999 was included.

  20. AN EVALUATION ON THE STORY OF ÖMER SEYFETTĠN’S YALNIZ EFE WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF ANIMA AND ANIMUS
    ANİMA-ANİMUS KAVRAMLARI ÇERÇEVESİNDE ÖMER SEYFETTİN’İN YALNIZ EFE HİKÂYESİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    OpenAIRE

    Yilmaz, Mehmet

    2012-01-01

    The anima and animus in Carl Jung's school of analytical psychology, are the two primary anthropomorphic archetypes of the unconscious mind, as opposed to both the theriomorphic and inferior-function of the shadow archetypes, as well as the abstract symbol sets that formulate the archetype of the Self. The anima and animus are described by Jung as elements of his theory of the collective unconscious, a domain of the unconscious that transcends the personal psyche. In the unconscious of the m...

  1. Isolation and Identification of Endophytic Fungi in the Root, Stem and Leaves of Dendrobium nobile Lindl%金钗石斛菌根、茎和叶内生真菌的分离与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎勇; 罗培凤; 朱丹丽; 齐泽民

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To isolate and identify the endophytic fungi in different tissues of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. , so as to provide experimental basis for its plants survival rate. [ Method] The endophytic fungi was isolated from the root, stem and leaves of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. on the improved PDA-antiobiotic acidic medium, and the isolated strains were purified by the slicing method, and their colony morphology was observed. [ Result ] Through the observation of colony morphology, the six endophytic fungi were identified as NJJG-1, NJJG-2, NJJR-1, NJJR-2, NJJR-3, NJYJ-1, respectively. The experimental results indicated that the purification results and diversity of endophytic fungi were directly influenced by the surface disinfection conditions and methods of materials and the screening of separating medium. The treatment effect of 75% alcohol for 30 seconds plus 0.1% mercuric chloride for 7 minutes was stable, and more species of endophytic fungi were isolated combined with the improved PDA-antiobiotic acidic medium. [ Conclusion] The study provided a guidance for the isolation and identification of endophytic fungi in different tissues of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. , arid provided experimental basis for the survival rate of its field plants.%[目的]分离鉴定铁皮石斛不同组织内生真菌,以期为提高其组培苗的大田定植成活率提供试验依据.[方法]以改良PDA -抗生素酸性培养基为基础分离培养基,分别从金钗石斛菌根、茎和叶中分离内生真菌,利用切片法对分离得到的菌株进行纯化,并观察其菌落形态.[结果]通过菌落形态观察,初步鉴定所纯化的6个内生菌株分别为:NJJG-1,NJJG-2,NJJR-1,NJJR-2,NJJR-3和NJYJ-1.试验结果表明材料表面消毒条件和方法以及分离培养基的选用,均直接影响真菌的分离纯化效果和分离得到的内生菌的多样性,其中以75%酒精处理30 s,再用0.1%升汞处理7 min的表面消毒效

  2. Medical topics in the De anima commentary of Coimbra (1598) and the Jesuits' attitude towards medicine in education and natural philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, Christoph

    2014-01-01

    Early-modern Jesuit universities did not offer studies in medicine, and from 1586 onwards, the Jesuit Ratio studiorum prohibited digressions on medical topics in the Aristotelian curriculum. However, some sixteenth-century Jesuit text books used in philosophy classes provided detailed accounts on physiological issues such as sense perception and its organic location as discussed in Aristotle's De anima II, 7-11. This seeming contradiction needs to be explained. In this paper, I focus on the interst in medical topics manifested in a commentary by the Jesuits of Coimbra. Admittedly, the Coimbra commentary constituted an exception, as the Jesuit college that produced it was integrated in a royal university which had a strong interest in educating physicians. It will be claimed that the exclusion of medicine at Jesuit universities and colleges had its origin in rather incidental events in the course of the foundation of the first Jesuit university in Sicily. There, the lay professors of law and medicine intended to avoid subordination to the Jesuits and thereby provoked a conflict which finally led the Jesuit administration to refrain from including faculties of medicine and law in Jesuit universities. Towards the end of the sixteenth century, a veritable Jesuit animosity towards medicine emerged for philosophical and pedagogical reasons. This development reflects educational concerns within the Society as well as the role of commentaries on Aristotle for early-modern learning.

  3. On the Time of the Intellect: The Interpretation of De Anima 3.6 (43ob 7-20) in Renaissance and Early Modern Italian Philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubouclez, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    This article argues that an original debate over the relationship between time and the intellect took place in Northern Italy in the second half of the sixteenth century, which was part of a broader reflection on the temporality of human mental acts. While human intellectual activity was said to be 'above time' during the Middle Ages, Renaissance scholars such as Marcantonio Genua (1491-1563), Giulio Castellani (1528-1586), Antonio Montecatini (1537-1599) and Francesco Piccolomini (1520-1604), greatly influenced by the Simplician and Alexandrist interpretations of Aristotle's works, proposed alterna- tive conceptions based on the interpretation of De anima 3.6 (430b 7-20) according to which intellectual acts happen in a both 'undivided' and 'divisible time'. In order to explain Aristotle's puzzling claim, they were led to conceive of intellectual activity as a process similar to sensation, corresponding to a certain lapse of time (Castellani), an instant (Montecatini), or a mix of instantaneousness and concrete duration (Piccolomini), depending on their theoretical options. PMID:26415352

  4. On the Time of the Intellect: The Interpretation of De Anima 3.6 (43ob 7-20) in Renaissance and Early Modern Italian Philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubouclez, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    This article argues that an original debate over the relationship between time and the intellect took place in Northern Italy in the second half of the sixteenth century, which was part of a broader reflection on the temporality of human mental acts. While human intellectual activity was said to be 'above time' during the Middle Ages, Renaissance scholars such as Marcantonio Genua (1491-1563), Giulio Castellani (1528-1586), Antonio Montecatini (1537-1599) and Francesco Piccolomini (1520-1604), greatly influenced by the Simplician and Alexandrist interpretations of Aristotle's works, proposed alterna- tive conceptions based on the interpretation of De anima 3.6 (430b 7-20) according to which intellectual acts happen in a both 'undivided' and 'divisible time'. In order to explain Aristotle's puzzling claim, they were led to conceive of intellectual activity as a process similar to sensation, corresponding to a certain lapse of time (Castellani), an instant (Montecatini), or a mix of instantaneousness and concrete duration (Piccolomini), depending on their theoretical options.

  5. Radionuclide Data and Calculations and Loss-On-Ignition, X-Ray Fluorescence, and ICP-AES Data from Cores in Catchments of the Animas River, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Church, Stanley E.; Rice, Cyndi A.; Marot, Marci E.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Interior Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) Initiative is focused on the evaluation of the effect of past mining practices on the water quality and the riparian and aquatic habitats of impacted stream reaches downstream from historical mining districts located primarily on Federal lands. This problem is manifest in the eleven western states (west of longitude 102 degrees) where the majority of hardrock mines that had past production are located on Federal lands. In areas of temperate climate and moderate to heavy precipitation, the effects of rapid chemical and physical weathering of sulfides exposed on mine-waste dumps and acidic drainage from mines have resulted in elevated metal concentrations in the stream water and stream-bed sediment. The result of these mineral weathering processes has an unquantified impact on the quality of the water and the aquatic and riparian habitats that may limit their recreational resource value. One of the confounding factors in these studies is the determination of the component of metals derived from hydrothermally altered but unmined portions of these drainage basins. Several watersheds have been studied to evaluate the effects of acid mine drainage and acid rock drainage on the near-surface environment. The Animas River watershed in southwestern Colorado contains a large number of past-producing metal mines that have affected the watershed. Beginning in October 1996, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began a collaborative study of these effects under the USGS-AML Initiative. In this report, we present the radionuclide and geochemical analytical results of sediment coring during 1997-1999 from two cores from oxbow lakes 0.5 mi. upstream from the 32nd Street Bridge near Durango, Colo., and from three cores from beaver ponds within the Mineral Creek drainage basin near Silverton, Colo.

  6. 金钗石斛水煎剂对糖尿病肾病大鼠肾脏PPARγ表达的影响%Effect of Dendrobium Nobile Lindl Decoction on Expression of PPARγin Diabetic Nephropathy Rat Kidney

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘园园; 张艳磊; 何晓然; 李小琼; 唐彦萍

    2014-01-01

    Objective To exPlore the ProtectiVe mechanism of Dendrobium nobile lindl ( DNL ) decoction on the exPression of Peroxisome Proliferator actiVated recePtor gamma ( PPARγ) in the renal cortex of diabetic nePhroPathy ( DN) rats. Methods Sixty SD rats were randomly diVided into six grouPs (n=10 Per grouP) as follows: normal control grouP (NC), diabetic nePhroPathy control grouP ( DN) ,rosiglitazone grouP ( RGZ) ,the Dendrobium nobile lindl low ( LD) ,medium ( MD) and high ( HD) dose grouPs. After DN rat model was established, the rats were administrated with resPectiVe medications for 12 weeks,resPectiVely. The renal Pathology of rats was obserVed. The mRNA and Protein exPression of PPARγ in the renal cortex were detected via Real_time PCR and Western blotting,resPectiVely. Results High dose DNL decoction significantly alleViated thickening of kidney tissue basement membrane and fusion of foot Process in model rats. The leVels of PPARγmRNA and Protein exPression in the MD and HD grouPs were significantly increased as comPared with the DN grouP (P<0. 05,P<0. 01). Conclusion DNL decoction can effectiVely reduce kidney injury by uP_regulating the PPARγ mRNA and Protein exPression in diabetic nePhroPathy rats.%目的:通过观察金钗石斛水煎剂对糖尿病肾病( DN )大鼠肾皮质过氧化物酶体增殖物激活受体γ( PPARγ)表达的影响,探讨其对DN的保护作用及相关机制。方法将60只健康 SD 大鼠随机分为6组,每组10只:正常对照组( NC组),模型对照组( DN组),罗格列酮组( RGZ组),金钗石斛小剂量( LD)、中剂量( MD)、大剂量( HD)干预组。在大鼠糖尿病造模成功后各组分别给药12周,观察大鼠肾脏病理、Real_time PCR法检测大鼠肾皮质PPARγ mRNA表达、Western blot法检测大鼠肾皮质中PPARγ蛋白表达的情况。结果金钗石斛水煎剂能明显改善糖尿病大鼠肾脏基底膜增厚及足突增粗融合;增加DN大鼠肾皮质中PPARγ m

  7. Effect of Dendrobium Nobile Lindl Decoction on Expression of PPARγin Diabetic Nephropathy Rat Kidney%金钗石斛水煎剂对糖尿病肾病大鼠肾脏PPARγ表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘园园; 张艳磊; 何晓然; 李小琼; 唐彦萍

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过观察金钗石斛水煎剂对糖尿病肾病( DN )大鼠肾皮质过氧化物酶体增殖物激活受体γ( PPARγ)表达的影响,探讨其对DN的保护作用及相关机制。方法将60只健康 SD 大鼠随机分为6组,每组10只:正常对照组( NC组),模型对照组( DN组),罗格列酮组( RGZ组),金钗石斛小剂量( LD)、中剂量( MD)、大剂量( HD)干预组。在大鼠糖尿病造模成功后各组分别给药12周,观察大鼠肾脏病理、Real_time PCR法检测大鼠肾皮质PPARγ mRNA表达、Western blot法检测大鼠肾皮质中PPARγ蛋白表达的情况。结果金钗石斛水煎剂能明显改善糖尿病大鼠肾脏基底膜增厚及足突增粗融合;增加DN大鼠肾皮质中PPARγ mRNA及蛋白的表达(P<0.05或P<0.01)。结论金钗石斛水煎剂可以减轻DN大鼠的肾损伤,其机制可能与上调DN大鼠肾皮质中PPARγ表达有关。%Objective To exPlore the ProtectiVe mechanism of Dendrobium nobile lindl ( DNL ) decoction on the exPression of Peroxisome Proliferator actiVated recePtor gamma ( PPARγ) in the renal cortex of diabetic nePhroPathy ( DN) rats. Methods Sixty SD rats were randomly diVided into six grouPs (n=10 Per grouP) as follows: normal control grouP (NC), diabetic nePhroPathy control grouP ( DN) ,rosiglitazone grouP ( RGZ) ,the Dendrobium nobile lindl low ( LD) ,medium ( MD) and high ( HD) dose grouPs. After DN rat model was established, the rats were administrated with resPectiVe medications for 12 weeks,resPectiVely. The renal Pathology of rats was obserVed. The mRNA and Protein exPression of PPARγ in the renal cortex were detected via Real_time PCR and Western blotting,resPectiVely. Results High dose DNL decoction significantly alleViated thickening of kidney tissue basement membrane and fusion of foot Process in model rats. The leVels of PPARγmRNA and Protein exPression in the MD and HD grouPs were significantly increased as comPared with the DN grouP (P<0. 05,P<0

  8. 硝酸镧和兰科菌根真菌互作对石斛生长和有效成分积累的影响%Effects of Lanthanum Nitrate and Orchid Mycorrhizal Fungi on the Growth and Active Component Accumulation in Dendrobium nobile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏明; 杨超英; 李爱军; 邰永辉

    2014-01-01

    利用盆栽的方式研究了不同硝酸镧水平下接种OM真菌对石斛生长、根系活力、N、P、K等营养元素吸收以及有效成分积累的影响,并分析了根际硝酸还原酶和磷酸酶活性变化。结果表明,添加适量的硝酸镧有利于OM真菌侵染和菌根发育,促进石斛生长,包括地下和地上的生物量。在接种OM真菌时,同时添加5.0 mg·L-1的硝酸镧,石斛的生物量达到最大,为对照组的4.76倍。在适量的硝酸镧水平下接种OM真菌还可以提高根系活力,并促进N、P和K的吸收和利用,提高根际硝酸还原酶和磷酸酶的活性;显著提高蛋白质、多糖以及石斛碱的含量。硝酸镧与OM真菌互作能促进石斛生长和有效成分的积累,提高其药用品质。%The effects of lanthanum nitrate and inoculation of OM fungus on the growth, root activity, uptake of nutrients of Dendrobium nobile and the active component accumulation were investigated using a pot experiment. The activities of nitrate reductase and phosphatase were also analyzed. The results indicated that appropriate concentration of lanthanum nitrate promoted the development of mycorrhiza. OM fungus promoted the growth of D. nobile, including underground and aboveground biomass. Moreover, D. nobile inoculated with OM fun-gus and applied with lanthanum nitrate 5.0 mg·L-1 had the largest biomass which was of 4.76-fold compared to control. Both lanthanum nitrate application and inoculation with OM fungus increased root activity and nutrient absorption. The activities of nitrate reductase and phosphatase also increased. The proteins, polysaccharides and dendrobine in levels increased signiifcantly. The inoculation with OM fungus and application with lanthanum nitrate can promote the growth of D. nobile and the content of active components.

  9. Acid neutralizing capacity and leachate results for igneous rocks, with associated carbon contents of derived soils, Animas River AML site, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, Douglas B.; Stanton, Mark R.; Choate, LaDonna M.; Burchell,

    2009-01-01

    Mine planning efforts have historically overlooked the possible acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) that local igneous rocks can provide to help neutralize acidmine drainage. As a result, limestone has been traditionally hauled to mine sites for use in neutralizing acid drainage. Local igneous rocks, when used as part of mine life-cycle planning and acid mitigation strategy, may reduce the need to transport limestone to mine sites because these rocks can contain acid neutralizing minerals. Igneous hydrothermal events often introduce moderately altered mineral assemblages peripheral to more intensely altered rocks that host metal-bearing veins and ore bodies. These less altered rocks can contain ANC minerals (calcite-chlorite-epidote) and are referred to as a propylitic assemblage. In addition, the carbon contents of soils in areas of new mining or those areas undergoing restoration have been historically unknown. Soil organic carbon is an important constituent to characterize as a soil recovery benchmark that can be referred to during mine cycle planning and restoration. This study addresses the mineralogy, ANC, and leachate chemistry of propylitic volcanic rocks that host polymetallic mineralization in the Animas River watershed near the historical Silverton, Colorado, mining area. Acid titration tests on volcanic rocks containing calcite (2 – 20 wt %) and chlorite (6 – 25 wt %), have ANC ranging from 4 – 146 kg/ton CaCO3 equivalence. Results from a 6-month duration, kinetic reaction vessel test containing layered pyritic mine waste and underlying ANC volcanic rock (saturated with deionized water) indicate that acid generating mine waste (pH 2.4) has not overwhelmed the ANC of propylitic volcanic rocks (pH 5.8). Sequential leachate laboratory experiments evaluated the concentration of metals liberated during leaching. Leachate concentrations of Cu-Zn-As-Pb for ANC volcanic rock are one-to-three orders of magnitude lower when compared to leached solution from

  10. O contributo da animação artística itinerante no desenvolvimento sociocultural das crianças em contexto educativo - "O Zoo do Joaquim" : trabalho de projeto

    OpenAIRE

    Nascimento, João Pedro Rodrigues; Leitão, Madalena; Mendonça, Jorge Fraga de, orient.

    2012-01-01

    Com a realização deste trabalho pretendemos objetivar o contributo das práticas artístico-pedagógicas itinerantes no contexto educativo. Consideramos este projeto em animação artística como uma ferramenta teórico-prática que pretende reforçar a posição da arte e da cultura na sociedade escolar, como um meio de transformação social e gerador de atos criativos nas crianças, através do teatro na escola. Para o desenvolvimento e apresentação deste projeto, selecionámos o agrupament...

  11. An Archetypal Interpretation on Ophelia-Hamlet's Anima%原形分析对奥菲利亚的解读——"哈姆雷特的阿尼玛"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于雯

    2008-01-01

    This paper contends that in Hamlet's character, there's a distinctive trait of feminity displayed through his delay of revenge, melancholy, and irresolution, while Ophelia on the other hand who is an embodiment of feminity and has no definite identity of herself serves as the anima of Hamlet. From the perspective of Carl June's Anima Theory, the pa-per applies textual analysis to illustrate that Ophelia like Hamlet who also suffers from the death of a father and madness plays a juxtaposing role with Hamlet and it suggests that Ophelia projects the feminine image in Hamlet's character. There-fore, the final death of Ophelia implies the destruction of Hamlet's feminine side, which enables him to completely resume his masculinity, and take action against his enemies.%本文认为哈姆雷特的忧郁、优柔寡断,以及缺乏行动的果断力是他女性气质的体现.根据荣格的原形分析理论中的阿尼玛理论可得出与哈姆雷特相恋,并同样遭遇丧父以及疯癌的奥菲利亚与哈姆雷特形成并置.这一充满女性象征意义的形象是哈姆雷特女性气质的投射,即哈姆雷特个性中的阿尼玛.因此,奥菲利亚之死即象征着哈姆雷特个性中女性气质的消亡,从而使其得以恢复男性的阳刚之气成功复仇.

  12. New geochronologic and stratigraphic evidence confirms the paleocene age of the dinosaur-bearing ojo alamo sandstone and animas formation in the San Juan Basin, New Mexico and Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fassett, J.E.

    2009-01-01

    Dinosaur fossils are present in the Paleocene Ojo Alamo Sandstone and Animas Formation in the San Juan Basin, New Mexico, and Colorado. Evidence for the Paleo-cene age of the Ojo Alamo Sandstone includes palynologic and paleomagnetic data. Palynologic data indicate that the entire Ojo Alamo Sandstone, including the lower dinosaur-bearing part, is Paleocene in age. All of the palynomorph-productive rock samples collected from the Ojo Alamo Sandstone at multiple localities lacked Creta-ceous index palynomorphs (except for rare, reworked specimens) and produced Paleocene index palynomorphs. Paleocene palynomorphs have been identified strati-graphically below dinosaur fossils at two separate localities in the Ojo Alamo Sand-stone in the central and southern parts of the basin. The Animas Formation in the Colorado part of the basin also contains dinosaur fossils, and its Paleocene age has been established based on fossil leaves and palynology. Magnetostratigraphy provides independent evidence for the Paleocene age of the Ojo Alamo Sandstone and its dinosaur-bearing beds. Normal-polarity magnetochron C29n (early Paleocene) has been identified in the Ojo Alamo Sandstone at six localities in the southern part of the San Juan Basin. An assemblage of 34 skeletal elements from a single hadrosaur, found in the Ojo Alamo Sandstone in the southern San Juan Basin, provided conclusive evidence that this assemblage could not have been reworked from underlying Cretaceous strata. In addition, geochemical studies of 15 vertebrate bones from the Paleocene Ojo Alamo Sandstone and 15 bone samples from the underlying Kirtland Formation of Late Creta-ceous (Campanian) age show that each sample suite contained distinctly different abundances of uranium and rare-earth elements, indicating that the bones were miner-alized in place soon after burial, and that none of the Paleocene dinosaur bones ana-lyzed had been reworked. ?? U.S. Geological Survey, Public Domain April 2009.

  13. Effect of Dehydration Temperature on Essential Oil Content of Dried Matricaria chamomilla L.Nobile Flowers%不同干燥温度对西洋甘菊花及其精油的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷伏贵; 周建金; 曹奕鸯; 胡启镔; 叶炜; 江金兰; 李永清

    2015-01-01

    Effect of dehydration temperature on the essential oil content of the dried Matricaria chamomilla L. Nobile flowers was studied.The chemical composition of the dried flowers was determined by means of steam distillation and GC-MS analysis.The experimental results indicated that the essential oil contents in the dried flowers dehydrated at various temperatures ranked as follows:0.134% at 60℃>0.117% at 55℃>0.115% at 50℃>0.102% at 25℃ (control)>0.099% at 45℃>0.097% at 40℃.The best fragrance retention was achieved by drying the flowers at 55℃ or 60℃ for 16 h.The best product appearance was resulted from dehydration at 45℃, 50℃ or 55℃.At 40℃,the dried flowers were least appealing.The compounds extracted included 8 alcohols,which contributed 45.97%-63.01% of the total essential oils,and were higher when the dehydration temperature of 25℃or 50℃ was applied.The 10 alkenes in the extract accounted for 17.46%-33.21% of the essential oils,and were higher in the flowers dried at 55℃ or 60℃.And,the essential oils consisted 16.12% -17.67% of chamazulene, and were higher in the flowers dried at 25℃ or 60℃.%采用水蒸气蒸馏法和气相色谱-质谱(GC-MS)联用技术研究不同干燥温度对西洋甘菊花、精油含有率及其成分的影响,结果表明:干燥温度对西洋甘菊干花精油含有率的影响排序为 A1(60℃,0.134%)>A2(55℃,0.117%)> A3(50℃,0.115%)> CK (25℃,0.102%)> A4(45℃,0.099%)> A5(40℃,0.097%);留香干燥以55~60℃为好,干燥时间以16 h 为宜;外观品相以45、50、55℃烘干品最好,60℃次之,40℃和阴干品最差;醇类物质8个,占总含量的45.97%~63.01%,以阴干品和50℃烘干品的含量较高;烯类物质10个,占总含量的17.46%~33.21%,以55℃和60℃烘干品的含量较高;母菊?占总含量的16.12%~17.67%,以阴干品和60℃烘干品的含量较高。

  14. A posta principal da animação: pensar no atuar local e atuar no pensar global The locus of animation: thinking of local action and acting in global thinking La puesta principal de la animación: pensar en el actuar locar y en actuar local y actuar en el pensar global

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pesquisa a significação de um pensamento sistêmico, interacionista e dialético a propósito da animação dita “sociocultural” ou “social” em muitos países, mas que provém de uma animação profissional na França desde os anos sessenta (contudo não exclusivamente agora no mundo. Uma aproximação de tipo epistemológico, científico e teórico, junto a um descanso temático de pesquisa durante quase seis meses na América Latina, e depois na Europa, permite um olhar abrangente das postas da animação no contexto atual. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: animação – fenômeno da urbanização – hiper-especialização – novas tecnologias – o atuar e o pensar This article investigates the meaning of a sistemic, interactionist, and dialectic thought about animation, which is known in many countries as “sociocultural”, or “social”, but whihc originates from the professional animation developed in France from the 1960s. It is an epistemologic, scientific, and theoretical approach, based on an almost six-month long research internship in Latin America and then Europe, which allowed for the construction of a comprehensive analysis of the place of animation in the current context. KEYWORDS: coordination – urbanization phenomenon – hyper-specialization – new technologies – globalization Este artículo investiga la significación de un pensamiento sistémico, interaccionista y dialéctico a propósito de la animación dicha “sociocultural” o “social” en muchos países, pero que porviene de una animación profesional en Francia desde los años sesenta (sin embargo, no exclusivamente ahora en el mundo. Un acercamiento de tipo epistemológico, científico y teórico, junto a una vocación temática de investigación durante casi seis meses en América Latina, y después en Europa, que permite una vista alargada de las puestas de la animación en el contexto actual. PALABRAS-CLAVE: animación – fenómeno de

  15. AN EVALUATION ON THE STORY OF ÖMER SEYFETTĠN’S YALNIZ EFE WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF ANIMA AND ANIMUS ANİMA-ANİMUS KAVRAMLARI ÇERÇEVESİNDE ÖMER SEYFETTİN’İN YALNIZ EFE HİKÂYESİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet YILMAZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The anima and animus in Carl Jung's school of analytical psychology, are the two primary anthropomorphic archetypes of the unconscious mind, as opposed to both the theriomorphic and inferior-function of the shadow archetypes, as well as the abstract symbol sets that formulate the archetype of the Self. The anima and animus are described by Jung as elements of his theory of the collective unconscious, a domain of the unconscious that transcends the personal psyche. In the unconscious of the male, it finds expression as a feminine inner personality: anima; equivalently, in the unconscious of the female it is expressed as a masculine inner personality: animus. The anima (animus can be identified as the totality of the unconscious feminine psychological qualities that a male possesses; or the masculine ones possessed by the female. It is an archetype of the collective unconscious and not an aggregate of father or mother, brothers, sisters, aunts, uncles or teachers, though these aspects of the personal unconsciousÖmer Seyfettin has written this story after the occupation of Ġzmir by Greeks. He has wanted to the demonstrate power of Turkish people in this story. We evaluated in this paper, Turkish epic women hero figure in the context of concepts mentioned. Carl G. Jung, insanlarda kolektif bilinçdıĢını meydana getiren atalardan kalma imajlar bütünü olduğunu savunur. Buna dayalı olarak da erkekteki kolektif bilinçaltında var olan diĢiyi “anima” kavramıyla izah etmeye çalıĢır. Anima, erkeğin ruhundaki belli belirsiz duygular, huylar, sezgiler, akıldıĢı olana karĢı duyarlık, kiĢisel sevgi yetisi, doğa sevgisi, en önemli olarak da bilinçdıĢını algılama yetisi gibi bütün diĢil psikolojik eğilimlerin kiĢileĢmesidir. Animus ise, kadındaki erkek olarak bilinir ve kadınlardaki erotik fanteziler ya da yöneliĢlerden çok “kutsal” inançlar olarak ortaya çıkar. Bu kendini yüksek sesle, enerjik olarak d

  16. Interim report on the scientific investigations in the Animas River watershed, Colorado to facilitate remediation decisions by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service, March 29, 2000 meeting, Denver, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2000-01-01

    presumed to be impacted by historical mining activities. The Animas River watershed (fig. 1) was selected by the State and Federal agencies as one of two watersheds in the U.S. to be studied in detail by the USGS in the AML Initiative. Beginning in October 1997, each of the four Divisions of the USGS (Water Resources, Geologic, Biological Resources, and National Mapping) initiated a collaborative integrated science study of the watershed. Funds were provided from USGS base funding to each of the four Divisions in response to the priorities set by Congressional action and within the flexibility provided by the budgetary framework funding individual research programs. The AML Initiative provides for a five-year focused scientific effort in the two watersheds with final synthesis of the scientific results from each to be published in 2001. Publications are released on the AML web site on a regular basis (http://amli.usgs.gov/amli). On March 29, 2000, the USGS hosted a meeting for the BLM and USFS to discuss remediation options that were under consideration for the summer of 2000. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the scientific rational provided by the USGS to meet objective one above, and to summarize our preliminary interpretations of our data. Additional information from sites on private lands have been collected by the State of Colorado, EPA, and the ARSG. Unfortunately, these data have not been fully supplied to the USGS so our conclusions are based only upon our data. These interpretations provide science-based constraints on possible remediation options to be considered by the FLMA, the State, and local property owners in the Animas River watershed. The report is presented in outline format to facilitate discussion of remediation options at the March 29, 2000 meeting. Not all historical mining sites within the watershed are on public lands. This should not be construed to be a final report of the USGS

  17. Solidarietà, specchio dell'anima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo G. Bianchi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nel counseling il colloquio di aiuto trova la sua realizzazione negli ultimi 70 anni di ricerca da Carl Rogers in poi. L’idea è quella di aiutare la persona in difficoltà non tanto suggerendogli dei percorsi, ma sostenendola nel riscoprire il suo stato, la sua situazione attuale da una parte e nella presa di decisioni per la gestione del suo problema dall’altra.

  18. Palju õnne - anima sai 70! / Kristiina Vaarik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarik, Kristiina

    2001-01-01

    Vabaõhumuuseumis toimus Eesti filmi suvepidu, kus kokkuvõtete tegemise kõrval tutvustati Eesti animafilmi 70. juubeli üritusi, sealhulgas ka kinobussi, mis sõidab filmiprogrammiga läbi kogu Eesti 3.-17. augustini

  19. Política pública inovadora de geração de renda e desenvolvimento local: o caso da Câmara de Animação Econômica da Subprefeitura do Itaim Paulista (CAE-IT), São Paulo, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Augusta Varela; César Yojiro Matsumoto

    2012-01-01

    O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar, por meio de um estudo de caso único, o funcionamento da Câmara de Animação Econômica da Subprefeitura do Itaim Paulista (CAE-IT), mecanismo pelo qual se buscou fomentar trabalho e geração de renda. A região tem cerca de 380 mil habitantes, um alto índice de violência e um grande número de jovens sem acesso à educação básica e sem oferta de emprego. Diante disso, em 2005, a Subprefeitura articulou-se com uma série de parceiros com quem desenvolveu a ideia da ...

  20. Política pública inovadora de geração de renda e desenvolvimento local: o caso da Câmara de Animação Econômica da Subprefeitura do Itaim Paulista (CAE-IT, São Paulo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Augusta Varela

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar, por meio de um estudo de caso único, o funcionamento da Câmara de Animação Econômica da Subprefeitura do Itaim Paulista (CAE-IT, mecanismo pelo qual se buscou fomentar trabalho e geração de renda. A região tem cerca de 380 mil habitantes, um alto índice de violência e um grande número de jovens sem acesso à educação básica e sem oferta de emprego. Diante disso, em 2005, a Subprefeitura articulou-se com uma série de parceiros com quem desenvolveu a ideia da CAE-IT. Inicialmente, buscou compreender a realidade local, através da análise de dados secundários. Em seguida, houve consulta a agentes comunitárias de saúde para compreender quais eram as vocações econômicas da região e em qual público-alvo a política deveria focar esforços. A decisão final foi dar ênfase à promoção de arranjos produtivos locais envolvidos com reciclagem de lixo.

  1. La voce senz’anima: origine e storia del Vocoder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Zavagna

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A review of the cultural origins of the speaking machines is proposed. These origins are identified in the separation between soul and body, proposed by Descartes. The speaking machines, and then the vocoder, are substantially formed by a controlled part and an automatic part; in the voder, the synthetic speaker is directly controlled by a human being, conversely in the vocoder an authomatic process is implemented. Through historical examples such as the ‘automata’ by Mical, Kratzenstein, von Kempelen, Wheatstone, Helmoltz, until the invention of the Dudley’s vocoder, are described a growth and a stratification of devices and synthesizers applied to varied fields (signal representation, encrypted transmission, medical apparatus, cybernetic, music. The historical period treated ideally ends with Dolson’s article written in 1986, “The Phase Vocoder: A Tutorial”. Through musical examples is described the origin of control data handling in composition. The musical application of the phase vocoder describes the distinction between control and synthesis better than other technologies. Both control (parameter values and synthesis (instruments design are compositional problems that involve all the electroacoustic music composers.

  2. Uma competência emergente na gestão escolar: a animação cultural Una competencia emergente en la gestión escolar: animación cultural An emerging competency in school administration: cultural animation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Vergara Esteves

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O conceito de gestão está relacionado ao conhecimento e à prática que fazem as organizações funcionarem em relação a determinados objetivos.A escola é o espaço público escolhido pela sociedade para, através de suas ações, atingir seus objetivos educacionais. Nas escolas inseridas ou junto a comunidades carentes, surge no Brasil, nos anos 80, a figura do animador cultural, que passa a realizar um trabalho de educação popular, mais relacionado, em geral às artes e educação física, por serem, em geral, profissionais dessas áreas. Enquanto em nosso país não há uma formação específica, na Franca, o animador cultural possui formação em curso em nível universitário, chegando a atingir um contingente de cerca de 200.000 profissionais. Propomos nesse trabalho a mudança de eixo da animação cultural em escolas brasileiras, ou seja, que ela se fundamente em uma posição que ultrapasse a de educação popular dos anos 80 para um conceito habermasiano de desenvolvimento da subjetividade para atingir a autonomia do sujeito, conjugado a uma ação comunicativa nas comunidades próximas e envolvido com um projeto de profissionalização baseado em competências.El concepto de gestión está relacionado al conocimiento y a la práctica que hacen con que las organizaciones actuen a propósito de determinados objetivos.La escuela es el espacio público elegido por la sociedad para, mediante sus acciones, alcanzar sus objetivos educacionales. En las escuelas insertas o junto a comunidades necesitadas, surge en Brasil, en los años 80, la figura del animador cultural, que pasa a efectuar un trabajo de educación popular, más relacionado, en general, a las artes y a la educación física, ya que son, en general, profesionales de esos campos de actividad. Mientras en nuestro país no hay una formación específica, en Francia, el animador cultural tiene formación en curso a nivel universitario, llegando a un contingente de cerca de

  3. Orrery a story of mechanical solar systems, clocks, and English nobility

    CERN Document Server

    Buick, Tony

    2014-01-01

    To find the true story of the orrery, this book takes the reader to the vibrant, tumultous London of the 1600s. A mechanical model that shows the movements of the Moon and planets, the orrery takes its name from the Boyle family – the Earls of Orrery. Here is the fascinating story of the origins of this intricate device. Orreries are found everywhere. They appear in paintings, on the side of royal clocks, in stately home hallways, and of course, in museums all over the world. Scientific instruments to demonstrate the movements of the planets and predict their positions using measuring devices, they were devised largely by clockmakers, but many others played a role too and are given due credit. The story of the Boyles is not just relevant to a tiny corner of Ireland, but spans history. “Orrery” highlights the process of discovery and humankind’s universal fascination with the heavens, providing a fascinating example of the relationship between innovative thinking (invention) and precision enginee...

  4. Solar de Tejada, a Medieval Nobility Institution proposed as a Heritage of Cutural Interest in Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Neira Cruz, Xosé A.

    2016-01-01

    This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. The publication was co-funded by Culture programme of the European Union as a part of Campus Culturae project (grant No. 2011-1177/001-001).

  5. Van der Waals effect in weak adsorption affecting trends in adsorption, reactivity, and the view of substrate nobility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kelkkanen, Kari André; Lundqvist, Bengt; Nørskov, Jens Kehlet

    2011-01-01

    The ubiquitous van der Waals (vdW) force, particularly discernible in weak adsorption, is studied on noble and transition metals. In calculations with the vdW density functional (DF) [ M. Dion et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 246401 (2004)], the atomic structure near the adsorption site is systematic......The ubiquitous van der Waals (vdW) force, particularly discernible in weak adsorption, is studied on noble and transition metals. In calculations with the vdW density functional (DF) [ M. Dion et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 246401 (2004)], the atomic structure near the adsorption site...

  6. Morphological study of the radioprotective effect of vitamin E (dl-alpha-tocopheryl) in tissue reparation in rats; Estudo morfologico do efeito radioprotetor da vitamina E (dl-alfa-tocoferil) na reparacao tecidual em ratos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manzi, Flavio Ricardo [Pontificia Univ. Catolica de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Raduilogia Odontologica]. E-mail: manzi@pucminas.br; Boscolo, Frab Norberto; Almeida, Solange Maria de [Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Odontologia. Radiologia Odontologica; Tuji, Fabricio Mesquita [Para Univ., Belem, PA (Brazil). Radiologia Odontologica

    2003-12-01

    The purpose of this work was to evaluate the action of the vitamin E as a radioprotective agent in the process of tissue reparation in rats submitted to a surgical procedure, which consisted of a wound done in the fore dorsal area. The animals were divided into five groups: group C (controls) - wound; group VE - previous treatment with vitamin E (90 UI); group IR - wound and irradiation of the borders three days after surgery; group VEIR - previous treatment with 90 UI of the vitamin E and irradiation of the borders three days after the surgery; group OIR - previous treatment with olive oil and irradiation of the borders three days after surgery. The radioprotective effect of the vitamin E was evaluated using hematoxylin-eosin stained specimens in order to identify granulation tissue, at 4, 7, 14 and 21 days after the surgical procedures. The results showed that 6 Gy of electron irradiation with a beam of 6 MeV caused retardation of the tissue repairing process and that vitamin E was effective as a radioprotective agent. (author)

  7. He-Ne laser effects on blood microcirculation. An in vivo study through laser doppler flowmetry; Efeito do laser de helio neonio sobre a microcirculacao sanguinea durante a reparacao tecidual. Estudo in vivo por meio de fluxometria laser doppler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunez, Silvia Cristina

    2002-07-01

    Blood microcirculation performs an important function in tissue repair process, as well as in pain control, allowing for greater oxygenation of the tissues and the accelerated expulsion of metabolic products, that may be contributing to pain. Low Intensity Laser Therapy (LILT) is widely used to promote healing, and there is an assumption that it is mechanism of action may be due to an enhancement of blood supply. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, using laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF), the stated effects caused by radiation emitted by a He-Ne laser ({lambda}=632.8 nm) on blood microcirculation during tissue repair. To this end, 15 male mice were selected and received a liquid nitrogen provoked lesion, above the dorsal region, and blood flow was measured periodically, during 21 days. Due to radiation emission by the LDF equipment, a control group was established to evaluate possible effects caused by this radiation on microcirculation. To evaluate the He-Ne laser effects, a 1.15 J/cm{sup 2} dose was utilized, with an intensity of 6 mW/cm{sup 2}. The results obtained demonstrate flow alterations, provoked by the lesion, and subsequent inflammatory response. There was no statistical difference between the studied groups. As per the analysis of the results there is no immediate effect due the radiation emitted by a He Ne laser on microcirculation, although a percentage increase was observed in day 7 on medium blood flow rate in irradiated specimens. New studies are necessary to validate the use of this wavelength, in order to promote beneficial alterations in blood supply in radiated areas. (author)

  8. Violencia y muerte en el mundo popular: reflexiones en torno al simbolismo de las animas

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Salas Astrain

    1992-01-01

    Here is exposed a reflection arround the symbolism (practices, rituals, bealivings, myths) that build up upun "animitas" somo inhabitants of peasant zones and popular wards of Santiago de Chile. This text analyses the symbolic relation between the death cult and violence. It descrives the typology/topography of this phenomenon, the myth and unjust bealivings that sorround the victim`s death.

  9. Altitude of the bottom of the Trinidad Sandstone in the Raton Basin, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set consists of structure contours that show lines of equal altitude of the bottom of the Trinidad Sandstone, the contact between the Trinidad Sandstone...

  10. Altitude of the top of the Raton Formation in the Raton Basin, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This digital geospatial data set consists of structure contours of the top of the Raton Formation, the contact between the Raton and Poison Canyon Formations, in...

  11. Anima/Animus and Wise Old Man in Six Characters in Search of an Author

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Jamalinesari

    2015-01-01

    The word ‘archetype’ is derived from the Greek words arche meaning ‘first’ and type meaning ‘imprint’ or ‘pattern’. Actually, the archetypes are like deposits of experiences that have been frequently repeated in the history of human beings. They are present in all humans from birth. They can be represented in dreams, fantasies, or as a story, as a pattern or image such as mandala, or as an archetypal or mythical character. Jung believes that the archetypes are not memories of past experiences...

  12. Sogno, immagini e disagio psichico: una cura per l'anima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinando Testa

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Nella dimensione concettuale e terapeutica della psicologia analitica il lavoro con le immagini si pone come una sorte di spartiacque che caratterizza la specificità e l’identità della clinica junghiana, terreno di incontro col mondo delle psicosi, avvicinandosi al mondo dei deliri e delle allucinazioni come aspetti fenomenologici dove la dimensione personale si interseca con quella archetipica e il senso della propria esistenza ha potuto trovare un contenitore forse unicamente attraverso la voce dei deliri e delle immagini patologizzanti. In tal senso, le immagini accompagnano lungo il viaggio della vita, albergano nei ricordi delle storie prive di fiducia e di amore e possono condurre alla follia oppure rappresentare una ancora di salvezza in un mare tempestoso su una nave senza nocchiero. L'immaginazione è quindi da intendersi come attività creatrice, forza propulsiva che spinge e conduce l'individuo a mettersi in gioco e a valorizzare la dimensione interna non solo come portatrice di aspetti distruttivi e mostruosi, ma anche come possibilità di immaginare e non fantasticare la possibilità che ci possa essere uno spazio per la trasformazione del proprio passato in una storia riscritta in un altro modo, con un altro significato che sia quello dell'unione e non della frantumazione schizofrenica.

  13. GRED STUDIES AND DRILLING OF AMERICULTURE STATE 2, AMERICULTURE TILAPIA FARM LIGHTNING DOCK KGRA, ANIMAS VALLEY, NM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Witcher, James

    2006-08-01

    This report summarizes the GRED drilling operations in the AmeriCulture State 2 well with an overview of the preliminary geologic and geothermal findings, from drill cuttings, core, geophysical logs and water geochemical sampling.

  14. 2d- ja 3d-informaatiografiikan ja -animaation tuottaminen oppikirjamateriaaleihin : vuorovaikutteisuus PDF-formaatissa ja sen toimivuus eri laitteissa

    OpenAIRE

    Turtiainen, Elvi

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytetyöni on asiakkaalle tehtävän oppikirjamateriaalin verkkoaineistoon liittyvä infografiikka, joka sisältää 2d- ja 3d-grafiikkaa sekä -animaatiota. Tämä infografiikka toimii lopullisessa muodossaan interaktiivisena PDF-tiedostona ja tulee olemaan osa laajempaa oppimateriaalikokonaisuutta. Käyn ensin lyhyesti läpi eri tuotantovaiheita projektiini liittyvän infografiikan tuottamisen lähtökohdista. Seuraavaksi vertaan 2d- ja 3d-aineistojen toimivuutta ja eroavaisuuksia infografiikan ...

  15. Violencia y muerte en el mundo popular: reflexiones en torno al simbolismo de las “animas”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Salas Astrain

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Here is exposed a reflection arround the symbolism (practices, rituals, bealivings, myths that build up upun "animitas" somo inhabitants of peasant zones and popular wards of Santiago de Chile. This text analyses the symbolic relation between the death cult and violence. It descrives the typology/topography of this phenomenon, the myth and unjust bealivings that sorround the victim`s death.

  16. Water wells, with selected administrative, well construction, and hydrogeologic data, Raton Basin, Huerfano and Las Animas Counties, Colorado, 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset consists of water well locations, selected well-construction data, and hydrologic data, that are based on permit transactions submitted to the State...

  17. The education of the navarrese nobility during the Early modern age La educación de la nobleza navarra durante la modernidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo ORDUNA PORTÚS

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} During the Modern Agem, classrooms of different schools were attended by descendants of the most and less important noble houses of Navarre. Their education was intended to offer access to a post in the administration, both in Navarra and the rest of the territories of the Monarchy. This study focuses on the different educational systems to the local elites, regardless of sex or lineage. Educational quality and to train members of this group was predominantly an investment and privilege with difficult barriers to cross.Durante la Edad Moderna, las aulas de los diferentes centros de enseñanza estuvieron concurridas por los descendientes de las más y menos importantes casas nobiliarias navarras. Su educación estuvo destinada a ofrecerles el posterior acceso a un cargo en la Administración, tanto en Navarra como en el resto de territorios de la Monarquía. El presente trabajo versa sobre los diferentes sistemas educativos a los que optaron estas élites locales desde su más tierna infancia, independientemente de su sexo o linaje. Centros de enseñanza de calidad, ya que la formación de los miembros de este grupo predominante era una inversión y un privilegio con difíciles barreras para su acceso.

  18. Bone repair of the periapical lesions treated or not with low intensity laser ({lambda} = 904 nm).(An X-ray study in human); Reparacao ossea de lesoes perirradiculares tratadas ou nao com lasers em baixa intensidade ({lambda}=904 nm). Estudo radiografico em humanos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sousa, Gerdal Roberto de

    2001-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of low intensity laser on the bone repair over periapical lesions of dental elements. Fifteen patients with a total of eighteen periapical lesions were selected and divided into two groups. Lesions of the control group were submitted to endodontic treatment and/or periapical surgery and the lesions of the experimental laser group, were submitted to the same procedures of the first group but also irradiated by low intensity laser. It was used a 904 nm wavelength laser GaAs, employing 11 mW of power delivered by a fiber optic system, irradiation continuos and contact mode, using a fluency of 9 J/cm{sup 2}. The mentioned treatment was repeated for 10 sessions with intervals of 72 hours between each session. Bone repair was evaluated through lesion measurements, which were accessed from the X ray pictures using a time and then, were also statistically analyzed. Results showed a significant difference between lased and control groups (p<0,10), emphasizing that for the laser group presented a significant reduction of the lesions area, confirmed by X ray. (author)

  19. Computed tomography to evaluate the association of fragmented heterolog cortical bone and methylmethacrylate to repare segmental bone defect produced in tibia of rabbits; Tomografia computadorizada da matriz ossea mineralizada heterologa fragmentada e metilmetacrilato na reparacao de falhas osseas segmentares produzidas em tibia de coelhos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freitas, S.H. [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil); Doria, R.G.S. [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos; Mendonca, F.S.; Santos, M.D.; Moreira, R. [Universidade de Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria; Simoes, R.S. [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Hospital Universitario; Camargo, L.M.; Simoes, M.J. [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Escola Paulista de Medicina; Marques, A.T.C. [Universidade de Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Faculdade de Odontologia

    2012-11-15

    A 6mm segmental defect was performed on the metaphyseal region of the tibia of 12 rabbits and the autoclaved fragmented heterolog cortical bone conserved in glycerin (98%) and methylmethacrylate was used as a bone graft for the reconstruction. The graft was placed in the receptor bed and its integration was evaluated by computed tomography after 30, 60 and 90 days. There was gradual bone graft incorporation in the receptor bed during the time in 100% of the cases. Fragmented cortical bone heterograft and methylmethacrylate was biologically compatible and promotes bone defect reparation without signs of infection, migration and or rejection, featuring a new option of osseous substitute to fill in bone defects. (author)

  20. El intelecto agente en Pietro Pomponazzi: un análisis de su presencia en el Tractatus de immortalitate animae y en la Apologia

    OpenAIRE

    García-Valverde, J.M. (José Manuel)

    2012-01-01

    The noûs poietikós of Aristotle has been the subject of countless studies and debates throughout the history of philosophy. This paper deals with the treatment of Pietro Pomponazzi, an Aristotelian philosopher who is famous for the bitter controversy caused by his claim that natural reason cannot offer arguments in favour of the immortality of the soul. Pomponazzi has to respond to Aristotelian texts that attribute immateriality and immortality to the intellect. The author analyse...

  1. Development of a Plan to Implement Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) in the Animas Valley, New Mexico - Final Report - 07/26/2000 - 02/01/2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schochet, Daniel N.; Cunniff, Roy A.

    2001-02-01

    The concept of producing energy from hot dry rock (HDR), originally proposed in 1971 at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, contemplated the generation of electric power by injecting water into artificially created fractures in subsurface rock formations with high heat flow. Recognizing the inherent difficulties associated with HDR, the concept of Enhanced Geothermal Systems was proposed. This embraces the idea that the amount of permeability and fluid in geothermal resources varies across a spectrum, with HDR at one end, and conventional hydrothermal systems at the other. This report provides a concept for development of a ''Combined Technologies Project'' with construction and operation of a 6 MW (net) binary-cycle geothermal power plant that uses both the intermediate-depth hydrothermal system at 1,200 to 3,300 feet and a deeper EGS capable system at 3,000 to 4,000 feet. Two production/injection well pairs will be drilled, one couplet for the hydrothermal system, and one for the E GS system. High-pressure injection may be required to drive fluid through the EGS reservoir from the injection to the production well.

  2. Interferencia entre bacterias comensales de faringe y patogénesis de oído medio en un modelo animas de otitis media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LM Villafane

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: determinar in vivo la interacción entre bacterias comensales aisladas  de faringe de niños sanos y S. pneumoniae, en un modelo animal (Chinchilla laniger de otitis media. Metodos: estudio experimental Intervenciones: Suspensiones de los serotipos 18A y 9V de Spn fueron inyectados intra-peritonealmente en dos chinchillas y luego recuperados mediante cultivo de órganos y sangre de las mismas. Empleando suspensiones de las cepas animalizadas se inocularon intranasalmente cuatro chinchillas, y solo a dos de ellas se le inoculo una mezcla de las bacterias comensales (Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus parasanguinis. Con un otoscopio se examinó la evolución de la infección a los 7 y 14 días. Se sacrificaron los animales y se tomaron muestras de los oídos para un examen histológico. Resultados: Mediante otoscopia, se observó al día 14 que todos presentaron una membrana timpánica hiperémica sin efusión, presentándose con mayor intensidad en aquellos que recibieron el tratamiento. La histología confirmó que la administración del tratamiento no evitó que la infección evolucionara, advirtiéndose que las infectadas con el serotipo 8A y tratadas fueron las que presentaron el tejido epitelial menos comprometido respecto al resto. Conclusiones: Spn y las bacterias comensales podrían establecer una relación competitiva, y el efecto moderador en la progresión de la infección de otitis media dependería del serotipo involucrado.

  3. Uma estação biológica para o estudo dos mosquitos e dos outros animaes silvestres relacionados com a febre amarela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique de Beaurepaire de Aragão

    1943-01-01

    Full Text Available The outbreak of the jungle or forest yellow fever, through the adapta¬tion, quite recently of the yellow fever virus o the forest mosquitoes, brou¬ght the necessity of ecological researches on hese mosquitoes, as well as on the wild animals they bite, some of them being susceptible to the desease. This has been done by the special yellow fever Service of the State of Sao Paulo, in a special Biological Station in Perús, São Paulo, which has been built in the midst of the jungle. This station was made with plain materials, and covered with straw, but was confortable enough for the technical work, i nthe early months of 1938. During the months in which the investigations were being carried on, the following interesting results were obtained: 1. As we have already pointed out in other places, the forest mosquitoes biting us during daytime, are always new born insects, having not yet sucked blood, as it is the general rule with all mosquitoes, and therefore also, with the anopheles and stegomyia, and this explains why nobody gets malaria or yellow fever, transmitted by anofeles or by aedes aegypti during the day. We think therefore, the jungle yellow fever, got during daytime is not due to the infected jungle or forest mosquito biting, but to infection through the human skin coming into close contact with tre virus, which the forest mosquitoes lay with their dejections, on the leaves of the trees where they remain sitting du¬ring the day. 2. As it is the rule with anopheles, stegomyia and other mosquitoes, the insects once having sucked blood, take nocturnal habits and, therefore, bite us, only during the night, so it happens with the forest mosquito, and insects with developped eggs and blood in stomach have been caught within the sta¬tion house, during the night. During the day, these mosquitoes do not bite, but remain quite still on the leaves of the trees, in the damp parts of the woods. 3. Jungle or forest mosquitoes can easely bite wild animals, some with more avidity then ethers, as it has bee npointed out to the opossum (didei-phis and other animals. They also bite birds having very thin skin and only exceptionally, cold bloods animals. 5. Is has hot been possible to ascertain how forest mosquitoes are able to live, from onde season to another, through winter, when temperature drops near and even below zero. They have not been found in holes of the terrain, of trees and of animals, as it is the rule in cold countries. During winter, in the forest, it is possible to find larvs in the holes of bambus and trees full of water. As wild animals do not harbour the yellow fever virus for a long time in their body, it is diffcult to explain how the desease lasts from one season to another. Many ecological features on the mosquito, remains yet to be explained and therefore it in necessary to go on with the investigations, in bio¬logical stations, such as that one built up in Perús, São Paulo.

  4. Development of a Plan to Implement Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) in the Animas Valley, New Mexico - Final Report - 07/26/2000 - 02/01/2001; FINAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of producing energy from hot dry rock (HDR), originally proposed in 1971 at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, contemplated the generation of electric power by injecting water into artificially created fractures in subsurface rock formations with high heat flow. Recognizing the inherent difficulties associated with HDR, the concept of Enhanced Geothermal Systems was proposed. This embraces the idea that the amount of permeability and fluid in geothermal resources varies across a spectrum, with HDR at one end, and conventional hydrothermal systems at the other. This report provides a concept for development of a ''Combined Technologies Project'' with construction and operation of a 6 MW (net) binary-cycle geothermal power plant that uses both the intermediate-depth hydrothermal system at 1,200 to 3,300 feet and a deeper EGS capable system at 3,000 to 4,000 feet. Two production/injection well pairs will be drilled, one couplet for the hydrothermal system, and one for the E GS system. High-pressure injection may be required to drive fluid through the EGS reservoir from the injection to the production well

  5. «O utinam anima mea esset in corpore tuo!». Pier Damiani, l’amicitia monastica e la riforma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umberto Longo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available L'amicizia si esprimeva attraverso la densissima serie di relazioni di Pier Damiani con una folla di interlocutori, a cominciare dai membri della sua comunità per finire con i monaci di Cassino e Cluny. Una speciale sensibilità emotiva e la condivisione di peculiari comportamenti ascetici e penitenziali alimentavano la forza vincolante che orientava la ristretta cerchia degli asceti seguaci di Pier Damiani a sviluppare, attorno alla passione di Gesù, una teologia per cercare di vivere la propria carne. Per quanto riguarda gli anni '60 del secolo XI si cerca di estendere la proposta di perfezione ascetica di questa cerchia, in particolare verso il monachesimo di Cassino.

  6. The use of fluoride as a natural tracer in water and the relationship to geological features: Examples from the Animas River Watershed, San Juan Mountains, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bove, D.J.; Walton-Day, K.; Kimball, B.A.

    2009-01-01

    Investigations within the Silverton caldera, in southwestern Colorado, used a combination of traditional geological mapping, alteration-assemblage mapping, and aqueous geochemical sampling that showed a relationship between geological and hydrologic features that may be used to better understand the provenance and evolution of the water. Veins containing fluorite, huebnerite, and elevated molybdenum concentrations are temporally and perhaps genetically associated with the emplacement of high-silica rhyolite intrusions. Both the rhyolites and the fluorite-bearing veins produce waters containing elevated concentrations of F-, K and Be. The identification of water samples with elevated F/Cl molar ratios (> 10) has also aided in the location of water draining F-rich sources, even after these waters have been diluted substantially. These unique aqueous geochemical signatures can be used to relate water chemistry to key geological features and mineralized source areas. Two examples that illustrate this relationship are: (1) surface-water samples containing elevated F-concentrations (> 1.8 mg/l) that closely bracket the extent of several small high-silica rhyolite intrusions; and (2) water samples containing elevated concentrations of F-(> 1.8 mg/ l) that spatially relate to mines or areas that contain late-stage fluorite/huebnerite veins. In two additional cases, the existence of high F-concentrations in water can be used to: (1) infer interaction of the water with mine waste derived from systems known to contain the fluorite/huebnerite association; and (2) relate changes in water quality over time at a high elevation mine tunnel to plugging of a lower elevation mine tunnel and the subsequent rise of the water table into mineralized areas containing fluorite/huebnerite veining. Thus, the unique geochemical signature of the water produced from fluorite veins indicates the location of high-silica rhyolites, mines, and mine waste containing the veins. Existence of high F-concentrations along with K and Be in water in combination with other geological evidence may be used to better understand the provenance of the water. ?? 2009 AAG/Geological Society of London.

  7. Trichoderma chlorosporum,a new record of endophytic fungi from Dendrobium nobile in China%中国木霉属内生真菌一个新记录种Trichoderma chlorosporum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁志林; 陈益存; 章初龙; 林福呈; 陈连庆

    2008-01-01

    @@ 1 INTRODUCTION Typically,Trichoderma spp.are free-living fungi most frequently isolated from soils and have been extensively studied due to their remarkable biocontrol and plant-growth promoting capacity.There is increasing evidence that sometimes they display flexible lifestyle and penetrate epidermis of roots and act as opportunistic,avirulent plant symbiont(Harman et al.2004).Recently,a Trichoderma species living as endophyte,Trichoderma taxi C.L.Zhang et al.(2007),has been recognized.

  8. Effect and Nobility: Man and Natural Justice Viewed from Animal Right Theory%效用与崇高:从动物权利理论看人与自然正义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈庆超; 陈建平

    2007-01-01

    随着生态危机的日益加重,近现代伦理学家们尝试从不同角度去阐释自然存在物本身所具有的内在价值.他们认为人类应当承认自然的权利,进而建立起人与自然之间良好的公正形态.在环境危机日益加重的今天,批判性地继承这些思想家的理论精髓对于树立起合理的生态意识具有积极的意义.从动物权利理论出发,承认并尊重自然存在物的内在权利,不仅是人类自身延续的必然要求,具有强烈的现实效用性,更体现了人类认知理性与道德理性的发展,具有道德崇高性.

  9. Comparative analysis of bacterial decrease by Er:YAG laser radiation and by a tip mounted on a high-rotation device after remove of carious tissue in dentine: study 'in anima mobile'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to analyze bacterial decrease after removal of carious tissue in dentine by Er:YAG laser, comparing the results with those achieved by using a tip mounted on a high-rotation device. In view of the difficulty of totally eliminating microorganisms from dentine, even after removing all the carious tissue, and since the presence of a smear layer is a proven fact, it would be extremely convenient to eliminate or to achieve better disinfecting of this notoriously contaminated dentine layer, so as to prevent failure of the restoration process in most cases. For this study, we selected 30 pre-molars and molars with caries rated as medium sized and which required restoration treatment. The teeth were divided in two groups, where 15 teeth received conventional treatment (control group - I) and 15 teeth were treated with Er:YAG laser (Kavo Key Laser) (laser group - II). Microbiologic analysis was used in order to determine presence or absence of bacteria. In group I as well as in group II a previous curettage of part of the dentine caries was performed, and the sample was seeded in an Agar culture medium and incubated at 37 deg C for 72 hours, for a quantitative analysis of bacteria colony forming units (c.f.u.) and qualitative bacterial analysis. After this procedure, carious lesions were removed in group I, using a spherical diamond drill mounted on a high rotation tip, followed by cleaning of the cavity with chlorhexidine digluconate at 2%. In group II, an Er:YAG laser emitting a wave length of 2,94 μm, delivering a 250 mJ energy per pulse at a repetition rate of 2 Hz was used for carious tissue removal. Furthermore in group II (laser), the cavity was conditioned by performing a sweeping at all walls of the preparation with the 50/10 fiber (Kavo), in contact mode, using an energy of 60 mJ per pulse at a frequency of 10 Hz. After removing all caries and performing a cleaning operation in both groups, dentine shavings were collected and seeded in an Agar culture medium, and incubated at 37 deg C for 72 hours for a new microbiological analysis. The results obtained showed that the Er:YAG laser, within the used parameters, was efficient and effective in eliminating all remaining bacteria in a surface cavity preparation, as compared to conventional methods where bacterial growth was detected in 20% of the samples of dentine shavings. (author)

  10. 外科学总论实验动物手术学教学体会%Experience of animaI operation technoIogy in generaI surgery operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒙清贵

    2014-01-01

    General surgery is outside the scientific basis of surgery, experimental animal surgery is an important component of it. We must train medical students surgical sterile concepts, master basic skills, improve medical students' clinical practice to help students develop good habits to benefit from lifelong.%外科学总论是外科学的基础,实验动物手术学教学是外科学总论教学的重要一环。培养医学生外科手术的无菌观念,掌握基本操作技能,提高医学生的临床实践能力的,帮助学生养成受益终身的良好习惯。

  11. Ragusan merchants and the Crusades in the Late Middle Ages. Financial support for the war and bequests pro anima... “ad pasagium turchorum seu saracenorum, et alliud super patarenos Bosnie”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romano, Daniela

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Ragusan wills of 13th and 14th centuries reveal peculiar and unsuspected aspects about armed pilgrimages by proxy in the Balkans. The struggle against infedeles and heretics propagandized by the Roman Church finds financial support and full agreement in Dubrovnik citizens, also thanks to the Franciscan and Dominican preaching. Nobles, merchants, clerics and priests, craftsmen, men and women, they are all ready to take part in the Just war. Anyway they would fight only on the condition of leaving a sum of money to those who would fight for their souls’ salvation.

    I testamenti ragusei del XIII e XIV secolo rivelano aspetti particolari e per nulla indagati sul pellegrinaggio armato per procura in area balcanica. La lotta agli infedeles e agli eretici messa in atto dalla Chiesa di Roma trova sostegno economico e piena adesione nei cittadini di Dubrovnik, città-stato baluardo della cristianità più a levante, anche grazie alla campagna pubblicistica attuata da francescani e domenicani. Nobili, mercanti, chierici e preti, artigiani, uomini e donne partecipano alla giusta guerra, prevedendo lasciti per uomini che combatteranno per la salvezza delle anime dei testatori.

  12. Fall of Nobility and Rise of Literature:The Downward Mobility of Scholars in the Eastern Han Dynasty and the Significance of Writing History%“游”的下行与“文”的上升--论东汉士人流动的下行趋势及其文章史意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨霞

    2015-01-01

    The mobility of scholars in the Eastern Han Dynasty shows a downward trend compared with that of scholars in the Warring States period and the Western Han Dynasty. Its characteristics are as follows:lots of scholars chose to study away from home regardless of their origins; places for study were extended to rural or remote areas;more scholars regarded acquiring knowledge as their objective instead of taking an official career. The downward mobility of scholars led to the emergence of writing groups and new changes of literary genres, hence a boom in writing articles in the Eastern Han Dynas-ty. With the mobility of myriad scholars and the formation of writing groups, there were an increasing number of non-practical articles characterized by the strengthening of lyrical function. Thus, literature gradually separated from historiography and the study of Confucian classics, and became independent in a real sense.%东汉士人的流动相对战国、西汉时期的士人流动呈现出“下行”趋势,具体表现为游学群体的“平民化”、游学地点的“民间化”和游学目的的“俗世化”。士人流动、士人流动的“下行”促成了文章写作群体的生成与文章体裁的新变,并带来了东汉文章写作的繁荣。伴随着大量士人的流动与写作群体的生成,非实用类文章也日渐增多,表现为文章抒情功能的提升。后世所言的真正的“文学”这一意识形态,日益脱离史学、经学而走向自觉与独立,最终促成了“文”的上升。

  13. 场域的力量:高校位置分层的社会学分析——兼论布尔迪厄《国家精英》%Strength of Field:Sociological Analysis for University "Position" Lamination——On "The State Nobility" by Pierre Bourdieu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石娟

    2010-01-01

    高校场域中的位置分层是各种资本数量、质量、结构所带来的必然结果,同时场域中的相应位置又会带来一定的资本.即经济资本、文化资本和社会资本,由此可见场域之间是有差异的,这种差异表现为高校之间和内部学业机制的差异.同时高校场域与外部的权利场域通过相互交融以及高校场域内部此消彼长的互动,促使高校运作机制更为有效.

  14. 光武帝独出心裁的封爵之赏——“不义侯”%A Special Title of Nobility "Injustice Marquis"(不义侯)Granted by Emperor Guangwu(光武帝)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙家洲

    2012-01-01

    When Emperor Guangwu(光武帝)fought for the throne in Hebei,Pengchong(彭宠)who was the prefecture chief of Yuyang(渔阳)and once his necessary assistant rebelled against him,and struck his cause of resurgence.Afterwards Pengchong was killed by his domestic servant called Zimi(子密),thus the serious trouble of Emperor Guangwu had been eliminated.Zimi got the title of "Injustice Marquis"(不义侯)from Emperor Guangwu.There are double meanings in this title from the perspective of institutional history,the first one is to convey political condemnation,the second one is to present a new pattern in which the title of marquis has no feudal estate and no real duty.The award of title "Injustice Marquis" has deep influence on political history and political ethics history and became a meaning cultural symbol in later period.%光武帝刘秀经营河北时,一度倚重为"北道主人"的渔阳太守彭宠起兵造反,对刘秀的"中兴"之业形成冲击。彭宠被其家奴子密所杀,光武帝得以消除心腹之患。光武帝给予弑主家奴以"不义侯"的特殊封爵,本是经略天下者的权宜之计。"不义侯"在制度史上的意义是:其一,以列侯之名号,表达含有政治贬斥的涵义;其二,列侯爵号与封邑地名无关,实际上呈现的是"列侯虚封"的新格局。"不义侯"爵赏在政治史与政治伦理史上产生了深刻的影响,后人对之有仿效、有贬议,从而成为意蕴深厚的文化符号。

  15. Õukondlik mäng võiks jääda õukonna asjaks / Olavi Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Olavi, 1950-

    2001-01-01

    Kuressaare kunstisuve põhjal vastuolust kriitikute ja kuraatorite ning kunstipubliku vahel. Kunstipubliku eelistustest. Näiteks toodud Margit Joonase näitus "Idealism ja nostalgia", Terje Ojaveri isiknäitus, tema kureeritud näitus "Anima(a)l" ja skulptuurid sellel näitusel Kuressaare linnuses, Anne Tootmaa kureeritud maakunstisündmus.

  16. Plastiliinivõlur Peter Lord / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    PÖFFi animafilmide festivali "Animated Dreams" ja Nukufilmi 50. juubeli külaline, Bristolis asuva kuulsa Aardman Studio asutajaid ja režissöör Peter Lord oma stuudiost. Lisaks "Jumal on suur animaator, animaator on väike jumal"

  17. Algas "Kunstisuvi 2001"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    2. juunist Kuressaare Raegaleriis Sirje Eelma kureeritud gotlandi ja eesti kunstnike (loetletud) fotode, installatsioonide ja maalide näitus "Avatud akende päevad" ning Kuressaare linnuses Terje Ojaveri kureeritud "Anima(a)l" (osalejaid). 16. juunist Pärnu Linnagaleriis rahvusvaheline väikegraafika näitus "Midigrafik II", mille aukülaliseks on Norra (osalejaid).

  18. La función militar de la nobleza en los orígenes de la España Moderna

    OpenAIRE

    García Hernán, David

    2000-01-01

    This article shows the importance of the nobility, as a social order, inside the war’s world in the beginning of the Modern Age. In Spain under king Philippe II are very clear the plentiful connections of the nobility with all things around the state’s violence —the war—, even the others ways not controlled by himself. From a social point of view, we see that the primitive function of the nobility is important in the social structure. The list of military functions, features, attributes (the ...

  19. Caste, class and profession in old regime France: the French army and the Ségur reform of 1781

    OpenAIRE

    Bien, David D.; Smith, Jay M.; Blaufarb, R.

    2010-01-01

    First published in French in 1974, David D. Bien’s essay on the nature of nobility in old regime France pivoted around the 1781 “Ségur regulation” that required four generations of nobility for most officers entering the army. Once seen as a classic manifestation of the so-called “aristocratic reaction” against commoners, the loi Ségur, in Bien’s deft analysis, instead emerges as a telling sign of tensions within an increasingly divided nobility. While exploding crude myths about class confl...

  20. Parenté, noblesse et échec de la genèse de l'Etat: le cas allemand

    OpenAIRE

    Demade, Julien

    2006-01-01

    International audience This discussion of Joseph Morsel's "La noblesse contre le prince: l'espace social des Thüngen à la fin du Moyen Âge (Franconie, vers 1250-1525)" successively deals with: the transformation of the structures and of the functions of parenthood within the nobility; the relationship between the nobility and the princes; and the invention of the nobility as a group, as a mean of making noble men more independant. Cette discussion de l'ouvrage de Joseph Morsel, "La nobl...

  1. Nature in Hotel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Marriott International and Conservation International recently partnered up to form Nobility of Nature, an ambitious program providing grants to sustainable conservation efforts for preserving fresh water sources in China. The first such initiative was to provide

  2. Nutrients, phytochemicals and bioactivity of wild Roman chamomile: a comparison between the herb and its preparations

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães, Rafaela; Barros, Lillian; Dueñas, Montserrat; Ricardo C. Calhelha; Carvalho, Ana Maria; Santos-Buelga, Celestino; Queiroz, Maria João R. P.; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R.

    2013-01-01

    Roman chamomile, Chamaemelum nobile L. (Asteraceae), has been used for medicinal applications, mainly through oral dosage forms (decoctions and infusions). Herein, the nutritional characterization of C. nobile was performed, and herbal material and its decoction and infusion were submitted to an analysis of phytochemicals and bioactivity evaluation. The antioxidant activity was determined by free radicals scavenging activity, reducing power and inhibition of lipid peroxidation, the antitumour...

  3. 坚定信心扎实工作搞好动物标识及疫病可追溯体系建设%Make Great Efforts to Strengthen Anima Identification and Disease Traceability System Construction by Firm Confidence and Solid Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤伊生; 杜少甫

    2011-01-01

    @@ 近年来,在省局正确领导和大力支持下,我市始终把动物标识及疫病可追溯体系建设作为对动物及动物产品,实施全程有效监管和追溯,提升动物卫生监管水平的重要措施,精心组织,不断探索,牲畜耳标佩戴率、追溯设备注册率、上传追溯数据信息量均居全省前茅.

  4. The EcoIogicaI HeaIth of Breeding AnimaI Products QuaIity and Safety Prob-Lems in Economics%生态健康养殖畜禽产品质量安全的经济学问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆昌华; 储新民; 胡肄农; 甘泉; 孙友珍; 谭业平; 郁达威; 臧一天; 刘亮; 田景福

    2015-01-01

    为保障畜禽产品有效供给和公共卫生安全,以稳步提升我国动物卫生安全水平为目标,文章采用动物卫生经济学思路,认为我国畜禽养殖的多元化经营存在着与规模经济理论相悖的情况。在描述和分析动物疫病及其畜禽产品供应链上质量安全监管机制的同时,阐述国外畜禽产品质量安全研究概况。针对国内畜禽养殖业发展阶段与管理现状,指出我国畜禽安全管理的最薄弱环节是生产阶段。我国面临着对安全、优质畜禽产品市场及出口需求与众多分散、无组织的小规模家庭生产矛盾。探讨生态健康养殖畜禽产品质量安全的经济学问题,剖析了影响畜禽产品销售利润的因素。结合某养猪场的案例,从兽医角度与经济角度2个方面考虑,对疫病防控做成本—收益实证分析。最后提出解决畜禽及其产品质量安全问题的建议。%In order to ensure the effec-tive supply of animal products and pub-lic health safety, this article introduced the basic concepts and methods of ani-mal economics to analysis the contrary situation of the diversification livestock and scale economic theory. Additionally, the animal diseases and livestock prod-ucts quality supply chain and safety su-pervision mechanism were described and analyzed, while foreign animal product quality and safety research were overviewed. In view of the present situa-tion of development and management of livestock, pointed out that the weakest point of the livestock products quality in Chi na is the livestock production stage. China is facing market and export de-mand for safety, high quality of animal products with a number of scattered, un-organized small family production con-tradiction. The factors that affect animal products sales profit and the economics problems of animal products quality and safety were analyzed. Combined with the case of a pig farm, from the perspective of veterinary and economic to consider an empirical analysis of disease preven-tion and control cost-benefit.At last,some suggestions were put forward on sloving animal products quality and safety prob-lems.

  5. Andres Tenusaar näitab teise korruse filme / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2006-01-01

    Nukufilmi animaator Andres Tenusaar organiseerib Kanuti Gildi saali teisel korrusel filmirogrammi "Teise korruse filmid" näitamist, kuhu kuuluvad noorte filmitegijate eksperimentaalse suunitlusega filmid, näiteks tema enda "Olematu olek", Martin Sookaela "Üksi"

  6. Identification of positional candidate genes for response to crowding stress in rainbow trout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fish under intensive rearing conditions experience various stressors which have negative impacts on survival, growth, reproduction and fillet quality. Identifying and characterizing the molecular mechanisms underlying stress responses will facilitate the development of strategies for improving anima...

  7. Review report about Puntas de Mataojo anomalies area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Puntas de Mataojo anomalies have been reviewed during 1986 in Maldonado and Lavalleja Province, Las Animas photo map. A pedestrian radiometric, geochemical samples and geological definition were developed as a main goals in this study

  8. Mutanttulnukad ja festivalid pimedas öös / Bill Plympton ; interv. Mikk Rand, tõlk. Elen Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Plympton, Bill

    2002-01-01

    USA animaator, illustraator ja karikaturist Bill Plympton (1946), kelle animafilm "Mutanttulnukad" ("Mutant Aliens") osales Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil 2001. aasta detsembris. Vestlus toimus samal festivalil. Lisatud filmograafia

  9. Separate Material Intellect in Philosophy of Averroes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Qorbani

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available he Explanation of the De Anima of Aristotle is the most important Issue for Scholastic Philosophers. Averroes as the Commentator of Aristotle explains De Anima of Aristotle in three works: Short Commentary, Middle Commentary and Long Commentary on de Anima. This latter contains the latest and most Perfect of Averroes view about material Intellect. His aim is present a coherent explain about human Knowledge that is vague in Aristotle philosophy. For Averroes this faculty must be the identical receptive of external forms and before its Thinking, not anyone of them. According to Averroes this Intellect is one and shared for all.For him, Material Intellect provides the one and shared knowledge for men .In this article we will investigate the point of Averroes in his explanations of Aristotle, particularly in Long Commentary on de anima.

  10. Epigenetic Effects of Di(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epidemiological and laboratory investigations suggest that, in addition to genetic changes, environmental pollutants can affect human health through altering epigenetic mechanisms including DNA methylation, histone modification, and microRNA expression. There is evidence in anima...

  11. Tšehhi animafilmi lipp püsib kõrgel / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali alafestivali "Animated Dreams" peakülaline on oma kaheksast filmist koosneva retrospektiiviga tšehhi animaator Michaela Pavlatova. Lisatud : Priit Pärn "Soovitan!"

  12. Animatsioon ei hammusta

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali alafestival "Animated Dreams" ja seal esinevad külalised : tšehhi animaator Michaela Pavlatova, Chris J. Robinson Kanadast, Anna Doyle Suurbritanniast. Lisatud animafestivali ajakava

  13. "Animateek" näitab Kumus Oscariga pärjatud nukufilmi "Petja ja hunt" / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Animaürituste sari "Animateek" tähistab täna rahvusvahelist animapäeva, näidates Suzie Templetoni animafilmi (32 min) Sergei Prokofjevi muusikateose alusel "Petja ja hunt" : Suurbritannia - Norra - Poola 2006

  14. Jõmmu näitab filme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Emajõe Lodjaselts, Kinobuss ja PÖFF korraldavad Tartu tudengipäevadel Hansalodjas Jõmmu filmivaatamisi levis harvanähtavate filmidega (tudengifilmid, anima- ja lühifilmid, eksperimendid). 21.okt. on kavas ka hittfilm "Meeletu"

  15. Gianpietro Moretti. L'apertura e la classicità

    OpenAIRE

    Migliorati, Fabrizio

    2013-01-01

    In G. Magnani et F. Migliorati (sous la direction de), Gianpietro Moretti. Il corpo e l'anima, Presentarsì, Castiglione d/S, 2013 ISBN 978-88-977330-34-7. The text attempts to analyze the poetics of the sculptor Giampietro Moretti, starting from the dual polarity of "body" and "soul." Il testo rappresenta un tentativo di analisi della poetica dello scultore Gianpietro Moretti, partendo dalla doppia polarità di "corpo" e "anima".

  16. Processing puppies: An animal shelter ethnography

    OpenAIRE

    Tallberg, Linda

    2014-01-01

    This book is about life at an Australian animal shelter, called ANIMA. The shelter is tasked with organizing the dark side of humanity of cruelty, neglect, and ignorance. It is about the humans and animals who live and die in the organization - often silenced and hidden in society. Employees join the organization to save animals, yet due to organizational constraints, are the ones who are tasked with the killing. In ANIMA, the emotional and moral conflict is both constant and intense for a...

  17. "Kunstisuvi 2001"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Kuressaare Raegaleriis 2. VI-15. VII eesti & gotlandi kunstnike näitus "Avatud akende päevad". Nädalalõppudel öösiti valguskuuldemäng "Akende öö Kuressaare raekojas". Kuraator Sirje Eelma. Kuressaare linnuses 2.-30. VI rahvusvaheline näitus "Anima(a)l". Kuraator Terje Ojaver. Pärnu Linnagaleriis 16. VI-29. VII "Midigrafik II"

  18. NATO and Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durand, Henry

    1988-01-01

    Outlines the Third Dimension of NATO. Presses for increased efforts to overcome the disparity in the rate of scientific development among the countries of the alliance. Discusses scientific nobility, the rise of European science, science for stability, environmental protection, and the changed scientific climate. (CW)

  19. Phenolic composition of selected herbal infusions and their anti-inflammatory effect on a colonic model in vitro in HT-29 cells

    OpenAIRE

    Elda Herrera-Carrera; Martha Rocío Moreno-Jiménez; Nuria Elizabeth Rocha-Guzmán; José Alberto Gallegos-Infante; Jesús Omar Díaz-Rivas; Claudia Ivette Gamboa-Gómez; Rubén Francisco González-Laredo

    2015-01-01

    Some herbal infusions used in folk medicine in Mexico to treat gastrointestinal disorders were evaluated. Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds were analyzed on the lyophilized aqueous crude extracts (LACE) of arnica (Aster gymnocephalus), chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile), cumin (Cominum cyminum), desert resurrection plant (DRP) (Selaginella lepidophylla), laurel (Listea glaucescens), marjoram (Origanum majorana), mint (Mentha spicata), salvilla (Buddleia scordioides) and yerbaniz (Tagete...

  20. Un caso d’amor fou nella società aristocratica genovese del secolo XVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfranco Bettin Lattes

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Perché nel cuore del centro storico di Genova esiste una “piazza dell’amor perfetto”? Sullo sfondo delle tumultuose vicende politiche del secolo XVI la passione, altrettanto tumultuosa, di Tommasina Spinola, nobile genovese, per Luigi XII, Re di Francia, trasforma l’amore in tragedia.

  1. Home Education in Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staroverova, T. I.

    2011-01-01

    From the eighteenth through the early twentieth centuries, home education (home schooling) by tutors and governesses in Russia was a customary form of schooling for an overwhelming majority of members of the nobility. Social and political transformations of the twentieth century led to substantial changes as the state got actively involved with…

  2. 8 CFR 337.1 - Oath of allegiance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... a public ceremony held within the United States the following oath of allegiance, to a copy of which... discharge the obligations of the oath of allegiance, and that his or her attitude toward the Constitution... affirmation in public an express renunciation of such title or order of nobility, in the following form: (1)...

  3. Bolshevik Revolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hueston, Stephen P.

    Suitable for use in a high school social studies course, this class game simulates the political interaction and general unrest in the nine-month period following the death of Tsar Nicholas II in Russia in 1917. Eight class groups take the roles of the leaders of the following political factions: the bourgeoisie, nobility, Socialist…

  4. Sustainable Resilient, Robust & Resplendent Enterprises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edgeman, Rick

    to their impact. Resplendent enterprises are introduced with resplendence referring not to some sort of public or private façade, but instead refers to organizations marked by dual brilliance and nobility of strategy, governance and comportment that yields superior and sustainable triple bottom line performance...

  5. I am Joaquin. Yo Soy Joaquin. An Epic Poem with a Chronology of People and Events in Mexican and Mexican American History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzales, Rodolfo

    Both Spanish and English versions of the epic poem "I Am Joaquin" are given in this book. "I Am Joaquin" is the first work of poetry to be published by Chicanos for Chicanos. It is a historical essay of the greatness and weakness of the Chicano people. Their psychological wounds, cultural genocide, social castration, nobility, courage,…

  6. Dancetime! 500 Years of Social Dance. Volume I: 15th-19th Centuries. [Videotape].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teten, Carol

    This VHS videotape recording is the first in a two-volume series that presents 500 years of social dance, music, and fashion. It focuses on the 15th-19th centuries, including Renaissance nobility, Baroque extravagance, Regency refinement, and Victorian romanticism. Each era reflects the changing relationships between men and women through the…

  7. Aesthetic Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ricard, Lykke Margot

    2003-01-01

    study of two radical Danish artists, Kristian Hornsleth and Michael Brammer. Abstract: Art has played many roles in the last centuries: from telling stories about religion, nobility and bourgeois values to today?s experiments with shape, colour and canvas, where the present stronghold of art is museums...

  8. A new species of Trichopeltarion A. Milne-Edwards, 1880, from the Southwestern Atlantic (Crustacea: Brachyura: Atelecyclidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Tavares

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Trichopeltarion A. Milne-Edwards, 1880, is described from off coast of Brazil, namely Trichopeltarion pezzutoi n. sp. The new species is compared to its Atlantic congeners, Trichopeltarion nobile A. Milne-Edwards, 1880, and Trichopeltarion intesi (Crosnier, 1981. The record of T. nobile from Brazil should actually be attributed to T. pezzutoi n. sp. The differences between the genera Trichopeltarion and Peltarion Jacquinot, 1847 are discussed.Uma nova espécie do gênero Trichopeltarion A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 coligida no talude continental brasileiro é descrita e ilustrada, nomeadamente Trichopeltarion pezzutoi n. sp. A nova espécie é comparada às suas congêneres do oceano Atlântico, Trichopeltarion nobile A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 e Trichopeltarion intesi (Crosnier, 1981. O registro de T. nobile para o Brasil deve ser atribuído à T. pezzutoi n. sp. São discutidas as diferenças entre os gêneros Trichopeltarion e Peltarion Jacquinot, 1847.

  9. De Beaufort, een aanzienlijke familie tijdens de Republiek, de Bataafs-Franse tijd en het Koninkrijk 1613-1876

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Melchers, R.R.J.

    2014-01-01

    In 1613 Pierre de Beaufort aged 18, left the French town of Sedan for the Dutch Republic. At his death in 1661 in Hulst he had become a man of distinction. More than 200 years later on 30 May 1868 his direct descendant Pieter de Beaufort received from the Hoge Raad van Adel (High Court of Nobility)

  10. Isolation and identification of endophytic and mycorrhizal fungi from seeds and roots of Dendrobium (Orchidaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Juan; Wang, Hui; Guo, Shun-Xing

    2012-05-01

    The seed germination of orchids under natural conditions requires association with mycorrhizal fungi. Dendrobium nobile and Dendrobium chrysanthum are threatened orchid species in China where they are considered medicinal plants. For conservation and application of Dendrobium using symbiosis technology, we isolated culturable endophytic and mycorrhizal fungi colonized in the protocorms and adult roots of two species plants and identified them by morphological and molecular analyses (5.8S and nrLSU). Of the 127 endophytic fungi isolated, 11 Rhizoctonia-like strains were identified as Tulasnellales (three strains from protocorms of D. nobile), Sebacinales (three strains from roots of D. nobile and two strains from protocorms of D. chrysanthum) and Cantharellales (three strains from roots of D. nobile), respectively. In addition, species of Xylaria, Fusarium, Trichoderma, Colletotrichum, Pestalotiopsis, and Phomopsis were the predominant non-mycorrhizal fungi isolated, and their probable ecological roles in the Dendrobium plants are discussed. These fungal resources will be of great importance for the large-scale cultivation of Dendrobium plants using symbiotic germination technology and for the screening of bioactive metabolites from them in the future.

  11. Human fatigue and the crash of the airship Italia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregg A. Bendrick

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The airship Italia, commanded by General Umberto Nobile, crashed during its return flight from the North Pole in 1928. The cause of the accident was never satisfactorily explained. We present evidence that the crash may have been fatigue-related. Nobile's memoirs indicate that at the time of the crash he had been awake for at least 72 h. Sleep deprivation impairs multiple aspects of cognitive functioning necessary for exploration missions. Just prior to the crash, Nobile made three command errors, all of which are of types associated with inadequate sleep. First, he ordered a release of lift gas when he should have restarted engines (an example of incorrect data synthesis, with deterioration of divergent thinking; second, he inappropriately ordered the ship above the cloud layer (a deficiency in the assessment of relative risks; and third, he remained above the cloud layer for a prolonged period of time (examples of attention to secondary problems, and calculation problems. We argue that as a result of these three errors, which would not be expected from such an experienced commander, there was no longer enough static lift to maintain level flight when the ship went below the cloud layer. Applying Circadian Performance Simulation Software to the sleep–wake patterns described by Nobile in his memoirs, we found that the predicted performance for someone awake as long as he had been is extremely low. This supports the historical evidence that human fatigue contributed to the crash of the Italia.

  12. ChinAfrica presents selected Chinese cities with a brief introduction about what makes them interesting, and what makes them tick

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luo yang

    2012-01-01

    THE peony,lauded as the "queen of flowers," is a traditional floral symbol in China. Due to its large size it represents principles like wealth and nobility. In 1903,the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) declared the peony China's national flower.

  13. Fronts working inestability in laja stones quarying. Lavalleja department in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study is about the western edge deposits belong to Lavalleja group locataed in the proximity of the Sierra Animas formation. The rocks dominants In this zone are phyllite, calcareous phyllite and limestone magnesian, usually grey or black denoting environment reduce

  14. Increased oxytocin concentrations and prosocial feelings in humans after ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dumont, G J H; Sweep, F C G J; van der Steen, R; Hermsen, R; Donders, A R T; Touw, D J; van Gerven, J M A; Buitelaar, J K; Verkes, R J

    2009-01-01

    MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or "ecstasy") is a recreationally used drug with remarkable and characteristic prosocial effects. In spite of abundant attention in the scientific literature, the mechanism of its prosocial effects has not been elucidated in humans. Recently, research in anima

  15. Effect of dietary monensin on the bacterial population structure of dairy cattle colonic contents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monensin is a carboxylic polyether ionophore antibiotic that is routinely used to improve the performance of beef cattle and was recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the use in dairy cattle to improve milk yields. Previous studies have suggested that monensin improves anima...

  16. Highlights of the tenth International Conference on Trichinellosis: past and future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dupouy-Camet J.

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The Tenth International Conference on trichinellosis, organized by the International Commission on Trichinellosis, gathered together 147 scientists from 34 countries. The 173 presentations ranged over most aspects of this parasitic zoonosis: history, epidemiology, speciation, biology, immunology, biochemistry, human and anima pathology, new diagnostic methods and control.

  17. Euroopa kultuuripealinn Tallinn 2011 paneb PÖFF-ile õla alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    15. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali ja Euroopa Kultuuripealinna Tallinn 2011 koostöös alguse saanud noortele animavallas tegutsevatele professionaalidele mõeldud koolitussarjast AnimaCampus, rahvusvahelise filmituru Black Market ja programmi "60 sekundit üksindust aastal Null" toetamisest

  18. Development of Studies on Relationship between Astronomical Phenomena and Natural Disasters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HanYanben; DongGuoxuan; ZhaoJuan; MaLihua

    2003-01-01

    Living and progress are the two main motifs of the human society. The security of anima and property of the human is imperiled by frequent natural disasters. Natural disaster is one of main factors restricting development and advancement of the the society. The physical process of gestation and happen of natural disasters is complex and the process is affected by many factors.

  19. Pöördumatusse animatsioonihaigusesse nakatumise oht! / Heilika Võsu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Võsu, Heilika

    2006-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali alafestivali "Animated Dreams" ajaloost, žüriist, auhinnatud filmidest. Rahvusvahelise võistlusprogrammi grand prix' ja koos sellega kuju Puust Hunt võitis USA-s elav vene animaator Igor Kovaljov animatsiooniga "Piim"

  20. TRADICIJSKA PREHRANA KAO PRILOG POZNAVANJU PRIMORSKO-BUNJEVAČKOG IDENTITETA

    OpenAIRE

    Jurković, Jasmina

    2004-01-01

    Autorica na temelju prikupljene građe prikazuje tradicijsku prehranu primorskih Bunjevaca. Izdvajaju se osobitosti u prehrani koje omogućuju autoidentifikaciju primorsko-bunjevačke skupine. Također, nastoji se ukazati na skupine s kojima se primorski Bunjevci uspoređuju i time određuju svoju zajednicu, primjerice s Ličanima i Slavoncima.

  1. Productivity, digestion, and health responses to hindgut acidosis in ruminants

    Science.gov (United States)

    The role of large intestinal or hindgut fermentation in ruminant nutrition has received little research attention in recent decades. Though the contribution of the hindgut to total tract nutrient digestion is substantially less than the contribution from the rumen, hindgut fermentation impacts anima...

  2. Incorporation of proficiency criteria for basic laparoscopic skills training: How does it work?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Verdaasdonk (Egg); J. Dankelman (Jenny); J.F. Lange (Johan); L.P. Stassen

    2008-01-01

    textabstractBackground: It is desirable that surgical trainees are proficient in basic laparoscopic motor skills (eye-hand coordination). The present study evaluated the use of predefined proficiency criteria on a basic virtual reality (VR) simulator in preparation for a laparoscopic course on anima

  3. Campylobacter: animal reservoirs, human infections, and options for control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wagenaar, Jaap; Newell, D.G.; Kalupahana, R.S.; Mughini Gras, Lapo

    2015-01-01

    Campylobacteriosis is a frequently diagnosed disease in humans. Most infections are considered food-borne and are caused by Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli. The animal reservoirs of these Campylobacter, and the sources and routes of transmission, are described and discussed. Most warm-blooded anima

  4. Transgenesis and animal welfare : implications of transgenic procedures for the well-being of the laboratory mice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meer, Miriam van der

    2002-01-01

    Transgenic animals play an important role in biomedical research. Their use as animal model is still increasing. Although the process of transgenesis may contribute to refinement of animal use, the application of the biotechnological procedures that are involved in the production of transgenic anima

  5. Evaluation of phage treatment as a strategy to reduce Salmonella populations in growing swine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmonella is a foodborne pathogenic bacterium that causes human illnesses, morbidity, and mortality in swine. Bacteriophages are viruses naturally found in food animals that prey on bacteria, and have been suggested as a potential intervention strategy to reduce Salmonella levels in the live anima...

  6. 40 CFR 86.007-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Grand Gunnison Hinsdale Huerfano Jackson Jefferson Kit Carson Lake La Plata Larimer Las Animas Lincoln Mesa Mineral Moffat Montezuma Montrose Morgan Otero Ouray Park Pitkin Pueblo Rio Blanco Rio Grande... Alamos Luna McKinley Mora Otero Rio Arriba Roosevelt Sandoval San Juan San Miguel Santa Fe Sierra...

  7. 40 CFR 86.094-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Grand Gunnison Hinsdale Huerfano Jackson Jefferson Kit Carson Lake La Plata Larimer Las Animas Lincoln Mesa Mineral Moffat Montezuma Montrose Morgan Otero Ouray Park Pitkin Pueblo Rio Blanco Rio Grande... Alamos Luna McKinley Mora Otero Rio Arriba Roosevelt Sandoval San Juan San Miguel Santa Fe Sierra...

  8. [Archetypal aspects of aging: from Eros to Thanatos].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez Urdániz, A; Bueno Carrera, G; Santos García, J M; Molina Ramos, R; Rubio Larrosa, V

    1999-01-01

    From a Junguian point of view, the different archetypal roles of the aging process, along the life cycle, are studied: eros, puer, logos, hero, persona, mascara, anima, animus, king, warrior, magician, lover, mother, virgin, afrodite, witch, self, senex, shadow, tanatos. PMID:10380154

  9. Partnerships To Keep Students Healthy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marx, Eva; Northrop, Daphne

    2000-01-01

    A 1987 model for a coordinated school health program included a healthy environment, comprehensive health education, physical education, health and nutrition services, counseling, staff health promotion, and family and community involvement. Effective programs in two low-resource areas--Providence, Rhode Island, and Animas, New Mexico--are…

  10. 50 CFR 17.95 - Critical habitat-fish and wildlife. (Continued)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... map. Monito Gecko (Sphaerodactylus micropithecus) Puerto Rico. Isla Monito—entire island. Note: Map.... Hidalgo County. Elevations between 6,200 feet and 8,532 feet in Bear, Indian, and Spring Canyons, Animas... channel and river banks, up to a level on both banks that is 15 vertical feet above the water level...

  11. Diet and distribution of elephant in the Maputo Elephant Reserve, Mozambique

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, WF; Ntumi, CP; Correia, AU; Mafuca, JM

    2000-01-01

    The distribution and diet of the elephants of the Maputo Elephant Reserve were studied using dung counts, satellite tracking and faecal analysis. The results were compared with earlier data from before the civil war in Mozambique. The elephant population decreased during the civil war, but 180 anima

  12. Diet and distribution of elephants in the Maputo Elephant Reserve

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, de W.F.; Ntumi, C.; Correia, A.; Mafuca, J.

    2000-01-01

    The distribution and diet of the elephants of the Maputo Elephant Reserve were studied using dung counts, satellite tracking and faecal analysis. The results were compared with earlier data from before the civil war in Mozambique. The elephant population decreased during the civil war, but 180 anima

  13. Interactive Character Animation Using Simulated Physics: A State-of-the-Art Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geijtenbeek, T.; Pronost, N.G.

    2012-01-01

    Physics simulation offers the possibility of truly responsive and realistic animation. Despite wide adoption of physics simulation for the animation of passive phenomena, such as fluids, cloths and rag-doll characters, commercial applications still resort to kinematics-based approaches for the anima

  14. Standardisation of environmental enrichment for laboratory mice and rats: Utilisation, practicality and variation in experimental results

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baumans, V.; Loo, P.L.P. van; Pham, T.M.

    2010-01-01

    Rats and mice are the most commonly used species as laboratory animal models of diseases in biomedical research. Environmental factors such as cage size, number of cage mates and cage structure such as environmental enrichment can affect the physiology and behavioural development of laboratory anima

  15. ¿Cómo puede usted contribuir a la investigación médica? Done su sangre, sus tejidos y otras muestras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Explica la importancia de la donación de tejidos, responde a posibles preocupaciones y anima a los pacientes a que hablen con sus proveedores de cuidados para la salud acerca de la donación de muestras biológicas.

  16. The Workshop on Animal Botulism in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Skarin, H.; Tevell Aberg, A.; Woudstra, C.; Hansen, T.; Löfström, Ch.; Koene, M.G.J.; Bano, L.; Hedeland, M.; Anniballi, F.; Medici, De D.; Olsson Engvall, E.

    2013-01-01

    A workshop on animal botulism was held in Uppsala, Sweden, in June 2012. Its purpose was to explore the current status of the disease in Europe by gathering the European experts in animal botulism and to raise awareness of the disease among veterinarians and others involved in biopreparedness. Anima

  17. Experiment list: SRX1388745 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SRX1388745 ce10 Input control Input control Adult Young adult NA 550262,62.6,7.0,11...1 GSM1919631: WT 23C G2 rep2 ChIPinput; Caenorhabditis elegans; ChIP-Seq source_name=Young adult whole anima

  18. Experiment list: SRX1388744 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SRX1388744 ce10 Input control Input control Adult Young adult NA 566269,71.8,3.7,10...9 GSM1919630: WT 15C G3 rep2 ChIPinput; Caenorhabditis elegans; ChIP-Seq source_name=Young adult whole anima

  19. Experiment list: SRX1388749 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SRX1388749 ce10 Input control Input control Adult Young adult NA 498142,61.8,1.9,63... GSM1919635: WT p15C G2 rep2 ChIPinput; Caenorhabditis elegans; ChIP-Seq source_name=Young adult whole anima

  20. Kultuurkapital nimetas aasta parimad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia 2010 laureaadid: arhitektid Maarja Kask, Ralf Lõoke, Karli Luik (Sõmeru keskusehoone), animaator Mati Kütt (Taevalaul), helilooja Urmas Sisask, kirjanik Mats Traat (Minge üles mägedele), sporditreener Anna Levandi, kunstnik Denes Kalev Farkas (Let's Play, the Game Is Over), teatriühendus R.A.A.A.M., folklorist Anu Korb (Eesti asundused)

  1. PÖFF-i animafestivali võitis venelane Igor Kovaljov / A. R.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    A. R.

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali alafestivali "Animated Dreams" rahvusvahelise võistlusprogrammi grand prix' ja koos sellega kuju Puust Hunt võitis USA-s elav vene animaator Igor Kovaljov animatsiooniga "Piim". Priit Tenderi joonisfilm "Sõnum naabritele" valiti välja Balti- ja Põhjamaade animafilmi võistlusprogrammi

  2. JAFF jätkub Sõpruses kahe erikavaga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Kolmas Jaapani animafilmifestival (JAFF) jätkub edukalt Tallinna kinos Sõprus ja algas eile ka Tartus Athena keskuses. Tallinnas stardivad animasüžeede järgi valminud mängufilmide programm ning animaklassika. Filmidest nendes programmides

  3. Molecular cloning and partial characterization of a plant VAP33 homologue with a major sperm protein domain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laurent, F.; Labesse, G.; Wit, de P.

    2000-01-01

    In a search for proteins interacting with the resistance protein Cf9 from tomato, a new cDNA was cloned and characterized. Protein sequence database searches suggested that the 120 residue-N terminal domain of the encoded protein (named VAP27) is highly similar to the VAP33 protein family from anima

  4. Hazard identification and characterization of welfare aspects during transport of farm animals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reenen, van C.G.; Reimert, H.G.M.; Gerritzen, M.A.; Leenstra, F.R.; Lambooij, E.

    2008-01-01

    Within the EU, free movement of animals from one Member State to another and more uniformity among production animals and production systems has resulted in more long distance transport from farm to farm or from farm to slaughterhouse. Since there is a lot of discussion about transport of farm anima

  5. Individuation:an Analysis of Passing Based on Jung`s Archetypes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Ya-fei

    2013-01-01

    This paper tries to interpreter Passing on the basis of Jungian archetypes. First this paper gives a brief introduction to Jung`s concept of individuation, then it analyses the archetypes:shadow, anima/animus, and persona of the individual respectively so that it shows that the individual has been through the process of individuation and finds her real self at last.

  6. Geological map of Uruguay Esc 1,100,000. Piriapolis Sheet G-29

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work is about the geological map of Uruguay Esc.1.100.000 (Piriapolis) and the explanatory memoranda which describes the geological , lithological and sedimentological characteristics soils. Geomorphologically Piriapolis fotoplano is dominated by Las Animas and an important Cenozoic coverage

  7. Rein Raamat tiris eestlased joonisfilmi juurde / Rein Raamat ; interv. Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raamat, Rein, 1931-

    2006-01-01

    Kunstnil, anima- ja dokumentaalfilmirežissöör tähistab 75-ndat sünnipäeva. 20. märtsil Kinomajas on autoriõhtu filmidega "Rein Raamat animatsiooni maailmas" ja "Kursi koolkond". Lisatud R. Raamatu loometee lühiandmed ning Priit Pärna kommentaar

  8. Takogo kino võ jeshtsho ne videli / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2007-01-01

    8.-10. juunini toimub Tallinnas 7. rahvusvaheline lühifilmide festival "Ennenägematu Film" ("Nevidannoje kino"). Kavas on anima- ja amatöörfilmid, tudengifilmid, samuti kuulsate režissööride varased tööd

  9. Eksperimente ja kilde kultuuriloost / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Theodor Lutsu 13. filmipäevad ja 10. lahtine lühifilmide konkurss Palamusel 15. augustil. Auhinnatud filmidest (anima-, dokumentaal-, mängu- ja ekperimentaalfilmid). Žüriisse kuulusid Helle Karis, Jaak Lõhmus, Erika Laansalu ja Tiina Säälik. Filmipäevade korraldajad olid taas Tiina Säälik ja Arne Tegelmann

  10. Lähiminevikus lahkunuid / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2005-01-01

    Lahkunud on vene animafilmikunstnik ja -režissöör Nikolai Serebrjakov (14.12.1928-09.08.2005) ning tšehhi kunstnik ja oma (anima)filmirežissöörist abikaasa Jan Shvankmajeri filmide kaasautor Eva Shvankmajerova (25.09.1940-20.10.2005)

  11. Vaikne juubel kuraditosina kinopildiga / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2008-01-01

    Theodor Lutsu 13. filmipäevad ja 10. lahtine lühifilmide konkurss Palamusel 15. augustil. Auhinnatud filmidest (anima-, dokumentaal-, mängu- ja ekperimentaalfilmid). Žüriisse kuulusid Helle Karis, Jaak Lõhmus, Erika Laansalu ja Tiina Säälik. Varasematest filmipäevadest, mis olid viimastest filmi- ja publikurohkemad

  12. Head animapäeva soovivad Petja ja hunt / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Animaürituste sari "Animateek" tähistab täna rahvusvahelist animapäeva, näidates Suzie Templetoni animafilmi (32 min) Sergei Prokofjevi muusikateose alusel "Petja ja hunt" : Suurbritannia - Norra - Poola 2006. Filmi tutvustab üks selle juhtanimaatoreid Krzysztof Brzozowski

  13. Beeldvorming rond adel en ridderschap bij Froissart en de Bourgondische kroniekschrijvers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Buylaert

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The Representation of Nobility and Chivalry in the Literature of Froissart and the Burgundian ChroniclersThis article discusses the representation of nobility and chivalry in the historiographical literature of Jean Froissart and his fifteenth-century followers. By analysing the discourse of those chronicles, this article intends to focus on the social functions of this literary tradition for its intended public; the nobles and state officials of the Burgundian-Habsburg court. As such, this publication questions the existing interpretation of the remarkable emphasis of those chroniclers on virtue as the source of ‘true nobility’ as an attempt by ambitious officials and intellectuals to obtain a noble status. The social significance of those chronicles resides in the fact that they were important for the definition and dissemination of a set of norms that governed the public behaviour of nobles.

  14. ブランド広告の特徴とイメージ -雑誌広告の内容分析と印象評定からー

    OpenAIRE

    常木, 暎生; TSUNEKI, Teruo

    2008-01-01

    This research proposes ansewrs to the following two questions: ①What do that brand advertisement express from the perspective of content analysis? ②Does a person who looks at brand advertisements have some kind of image, from the perspective of impression evaluation? Brand advertisement is not about the appeal of the goods themselves. Brand advertisement strengthens the brand image: its nobility, unfriendliness, elegance, beauty and privilege. The receiver of brand advertisements receives an ...

  15. Pharmacological Potential of Matricaria recutita-A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikas Gupta

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Matricaria recutita, once it has been called as Marticaria chamomilla, Chamomilla recutita, and Chamomilum nobile family Asteraceae. The main constituents of this plant include the terpenoids α-bisabolol and its oxides and azulenes, including chamazulene. Matricaria recutita shows different pharmacological activities like anti-inflammatory, anti- cancer, treatment of stress and depression, anti-allergic etc. This review focuses on the detailed chemical constituents, pharmacological activities of different parts of this plant.

  16. Las «tradiciones peruanas» y el imaginario de la nobleza titulada del virreinato

    OpenAIRE

    Hampe Martínez, Teodoro

    2001-01-01

    In his Peruvian Traditions Ricardo Palma gave visible form to an image of the society, habits and most representative figures of the Peruvian history, focusing on the priviledged group integrated by the Viceroyalty's nobility. Mirroring the colonial heritage of the 19th Century, Palma represents an exceptional bridge towards the popular imaginario of the Ancient Regime. Although nonvoluntary errors or even distortions may have tainted his reconstruction of the facts, the «Traditions» put forw...

  17. Sireuma, a new genus of subterranean millipedes from the Iberian Peninsula (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Opisthocheiridae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Enghoff, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    A new genus Sireuma is described to accommodate a new species, S. nobile, from a cave in Portugal. The unique features of the male gonopods and the absence of a postvulvar organ support the creation of a new genus. The new species is illustrated with scanning electron micrographs and diagrammatic...... drawings. Differences vis-à-vis its relatives are discussed, and information on the environment in which the new species was found is also provided....

  18. Professionalism in medicine: an A-Z primer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duff, Patrick

    2002-06-01

    To be successful as physicians, we should adhere to a simple, time-honored code of conduct. We must commit ourselves to a lifetime of self-directed learning. We must strive to be thoughtful, kind, and sensitive. We must avoid arrogance, dogmatism, and negativism. We must be honest, moral, tolerant, trustworthy, and above all else, humble and compassionate. Consistent adherence to these traits will help us maintain the nobility and credibility of the medical profession. PMID:12052610

  19. Research activities of Academician Frantisek Behounek

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The biography and research and development activities are reviewed of the Czech physicists, Academician Frantisek Behounek. Discussed in more detail are Behounek's scientific contribution during the North Pole Expedition of the Italia airship commanded by U. Nobile, leading to the discovery of the so-called width effect of cosmic radiation and his scientific work in the post-World War II period in the dosimetry and protection of personnel handling ionizing radiation. (B.S.)

  20. Pharmacological Potential of Matricaria recutita-A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Vikas Gupta; Payal Mittal; Parveen Bansal; SUKHBIR L. KHOKRA; Dhirender Kaushik

    2010-01-01

    Matricaria recutita, once it has been called as Marticaria chamomilla, Chamomilla recutita, and Chamomilum nobile family Asteraceae. The main constituents of this plant include the terpenoids α-bisabolol and its oxides and azulenes, including chamazulene. Matricaria recutita shows different pharmacological activities like anti-inflammatory, anti- cancer, treatment of stress and depression, anti-allergic etc. This review focuses on the detailed chemical constituents, pharmacological activities...

  1. The End of Richelieu: Noble conspiracy and Spanish treason in Louis XIII’s France, 1636-1642

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory, Charles T.; Parrott, D.A.

    2013-01-01

    Cardinal Richelieu is traditionally accredited with defeating the power of the grands, the upper echelon of the French nobility, as part of his supposedly successful project for monarchical absolutism. Modern historians have recast Richelieu as a nobleman of his time, who advanced himself within the social and political hierarchies through marriage alliances and patronage. He therefore worked hard to forge alliances with the grands rather than trying to destroy them. Yet his ministry w...

  2. La carnalidad del amor: percepción e historia

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Dillon

    1997-01-01

    This essay endeavors to develop at heory of erotic love based on Merleau-Ponty's thesis of the reversibility of flesh. It is specitically directed toward the cognitive aspects of sex love in the attempt todistinguish authentic love from romantic love, and to elaborate the role of camal knowledge in responding to erotic anxiety. The ancient Greek themes of mimesis and nobility (to kalón) are redefined through the concepts of reversibility and transfer of corporeal schema to generate a theoreti...

  3. Conversos y nobleza o las desventuras de un corregidor

    OpenAIRE

    López Belinchón, Bernardo José

    2001-01-01

    After the indictment by the Holy Office at Valladolid of a seigniorial corregidor and his family, we have tried to explain the relationship established among the converted Portuguese that started to come to Castile at the end of XVI century and the nobility, specially those whose territories were near the Portuguese frontier. From a microhistorical point of view, this case can also be helpful to analyze the tensions among elite classes and the seigniorial administration and...

  4. Debt into growth: How sovereign debt accelerated the first Industrial Revolution

    OpenAIRE

    Ventura, Jaume; Voth, Hans-Joachim

    2015-01-01

    Why did the country that borrowed the most industrialize first? Earlier research has viewed the explosion of debt in 18th century Britain as either detrimental, or as neutral for economic growth. In this paper, we argue instead that Britain?s borrowing boom was beneficial. The massive issuance of liquidly traded bonds allowed the nobility to switch out of low-return investments such as agricultural improvements. This switch lowered factor demand by old sectors and increased ...

  5. [The madness of "The Quixote"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peña, S; Lillo, L

    1999-01-01

    The aim of this fiction psychiatric article, is to take a psychiatric look to El Quijote and to determine his strange and fascinating madness. His symptoms are analyzed as those of any patient and the conclusion is that he had a pre senile paranoia. This diagnosis, that gratifies clinicians curiosity, says nothing about the charm of his unusual mental profile or the captivating fascination of his nobility and poetry.

  6. Dansbeleid en kunsttheorie: een aanzet tot een symmetrische kunstsociologie

    OpenAIRE

    Gielen, Pascal; Laermans, Rudi

    2000-01-01

    With modernity arriving in the world of arts, the clergy and the nobility were deprived from their monopoly in artistic selection. This created a permanent problem within modern art industry very soon. The fact is that the question of what exactly renders art into Art became a favourite mind-bending issue for historians, scientists, philosophers and sociologists of art. The same problem of the discovery of dance talent arose with the 'commencing' of contemprary dance in Flanders. We went out ...

  7. Estudiants catalans a la universitat de Bolonya (segle XIII)

    OpenAIRE

    Bertran i Roigé, Prim, 1948-2014

    2002-01-01

    The presence of Catalan students at the University of Bologna during the 13th century. Most of these students follow the teachings of the great masters and professors of Civil and Canonical Law. Most of them came from families of the lower nobility, as is the case of the prestigious Raymond of Penyafort and members of the Urtx-Mataplana family. Many of them occupied ecclesiastical positions, in Barcelona, Elne, Girona, Lleida, Urgell and Vic. They bought and sold manuscripts, and often deposi...

  8. Vladimir Lenin on Oblomov

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    javed akhtar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research paper tends to highlight Vladimir Lenin’s views and attitude towards work and indolence. Therefore, he admires work, action and revolution, which are characteristics of the proletarians, and condemns lethargy, inertia, indolence, indecision and procrastination, which are peculiar to the surf-owning and land-owning feudal nobility.  Vladimir Lenin condemns Ivan Goncharov’s most famous character Oblomov frequently in his speeches and writings, which represents the surf-owning and land-owning feudal nobility of the nineteenth-century Tsarist Russian social formation. In fact, Oblomov like other literary types have definite historical roots, which are closely related to the way of life of a particular class. In this manner, his class nature or Oblomovism typifies the sloth of the serf-owning and land-owning nobility. These traits of Oblomov have not become out-dated but the class they typify has become something of the past. Vladimir Lenin pays full attention to the lasting and broad-scale implications of Oblomov’s character, which crosses the limits of his social milieu and age, picking up the penetrating insight into the class nature of Oblomov’s character. Vladimir Lenin highlights the continuing relevance of Oblomov’s character in his own times, criticising Oblomov and Oblomovism and identifies his political rivals and enemies around him with Oblomov.

  9. Phantasía logistikē en la configuración del deseo en Aristóteles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Carbonell

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En De Anima III 10, Aristóteles introduce la noción de phantasía logistikē como uno de los principios de la acción racional. A partir de la exposición de algunos textos del De Anima y de Ética a Nicómaco, se busca interpretar el lugar de aquel tipo de imaginación en el razonamiento práctico. Para ello, se presenta primero la doctrina aristotélica de los principios de la acción y la problemática de su articulación, y luego se discute el papel de la imaginación racional en la configuración del objeto del deseo.

  10. Grito silencioso : a questão da mulher enquanto objeto

    OpenAIRE

    Cabral, Daniela de Jesus

    2014-01-01

    Este projeto pretende estudar a questão da mulher enquanto objeto, desde a génese do conceito até à forma como este evoluiu posteriormente, dentro do âmbito artístico. Recorrendo à animação 3D, este projeto propõe apresentar um vídeo composto por uma animação subordinada à temática da objetificação da mulher, procurando sensibilizar o público para essa questão. Efetuou-se uma investigação teórica que permitiu definir o conceito da mulher enquanto objeto, bem como uma recolha de exemplos/refer...

  11. Jovens em situação de rua : uma realidade na ilha verde

    OpenAIRE

    Rocha, Maria de Fátima Pereira da

    2009-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Estudos da Criança (área de especialização em Associativismo e Animação Sociocultural) O presente estudo pretendeu abordar as problemáticas das crianças em situação de rua num contexto insular e caracterizar o projecto de intervenção da valência de Animação de Rua do Instituto de Apoio à Criança – Açores. Dia após dia, as ruas da cidade de Ponta Delgada, S. Miguel – Açores, são frequentadas por jovens adolescentes, que abandonaram a escola ou se sentem desmotivad...

  12. Realidade aumentada e suas implicações na promoção da leitura

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Sara

    2013-01-01

    Trabalho de Projecto apresentado para cumprimento dos requisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Mestre em Ciências da Educação: área de especialização em Animação da Leitura realizado sob a orientação científica da Professora Doutora Maria Cristina Vieira da Silva O presente trabalho situa-se na área de especialização em Animação da Leitura do Mestrado em Ciências da Educação e visa averiguar de que forma se reflete a introdução da tecnologia Realidade Aumentada na promoção da ...

  13. Neuronosology: historical remarks

    OpenAIRE

    Marleide da Mota Gomes

    2011-01-01

    Classifications for neurological disorders have evolved from following the theory of the humors to modern anatomical pathology and, recently, to the germ theory that stared the etiological era, as seen in book content lists. The symptomatic approach towards neuronosology was widely used until the middle of the 19th century. The following books are representatives of this: "De Cerebri Morbis (1549)"; "De anima brutorum (1672)"; and "A Treatise on Nervous Disease (1820-1823)". During the Enligh...

  14. Novela Evropské směrnice 86/609 a česká legislativa v oblasti ochrany zvířat

    OpenAIRE

    Křivohlávková, Lucie

    2014-01-01

    Goal of work Objective evaluation of the amendment of the European Directive 86/609, legislation in the protection of experimental animals in the Czech Republic and abroad. Outline the problems of Experimental Medicine. The literature search This work apprize readers with European Directive 86/609, with it´s influence on the sub-part of the Czech National Council on the protection of animals against cruelty, and other laws in the Czech Republic which are related to laboratory anima...

  15. Immunogenicity of Entamoeba histolytica Crude and Fractionated Antigens in Animal Model

    OpenAIRE

    Mohapatra T. M; Arianpour N

    2004-01-01

    Introduction: The immunogenicity of crude amoebic antigen and its fractions preparedfrom Entamoeba histolytica (NIH:200) was evaluated in experimental animals. Material and Methods: Forty two guinea pigs of either sex free from Entamoebainfection and aged around 3 to 4 weeks were randomly divided into 5 groups. The treatedgroups consisted of 8, 10, 6, and 8 animals and 10 animals served as controls. Crude amoebicextract and its chromatographed fractions were used to immunize the treated anima...

  16. Red Meats Yearbook, 1994, Supplement to Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Situation and Outlook

    OpenAIRE

    Cochran, P.

    1994-01-01

    The report includes data published in the Red Meats Yearbook which originates in the Livestock Division, Agricultural Marketing Service CAMS); Estimates Division, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS); and Commodity Economics Division, Economic Research Service (ERS). Included are data compiled by t~lese divisions from other Government sources, such as statistics on the number of animals slaughtered under Federal inspection and on the quality of meat processed, prepared by the Anima...

  17. Recent advances about of the orogenic modern belt (1000-500 M.A.) in Uruguay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Progress in lithologic, structural, tectonic and geo tectonic data about a 1000-500 m.y.orogenic belt developed at the East of Uruguay, arrived in the 80, are here described. Conclusions are mainly based on the 1/100.000 scale geologic map of a 6000 sq. km comprised between Sierra Ballena, Sierra de Animas, Pan de Azucar and Mariscala. These new data clearly states the lithological distribution and contribute to guide strategic prospect ion.

  18. Communication in production animal medicine: modelling a complex interaction with the example of dairy herd health medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Kleen, Joachim L; Atkinson, Owen; Noordhuizen, Jos PTM

    2011-01-01

    Background The importance of communication skills in veterinary medicine is increasingly recognised. Appropriate communication skills towards the client are of utmost importance in both companion animal practice and production animal field and consultancy work. The need for building a relationship with the client, alongside developing a structure for the consultation is widely recognised and applies to both types of veterinary practice. Results Veterinary advisory practice in production anima...

  19. Unique acyl-carnitine profiles are potential biomarkers for acquired mitochondrial disease in autism spectrum disorder

    OpenAIRE

    Frye, R E; Melnyk, S; MacFabe, D F

    2013-01-01

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been associated with mitochondrial disease (MD). Interestingly, most individuals with ASD and MD do not have a specific genetic mutation to explain the MD, raising the possibility of that MD may be acquired, at least in a subgroup of children with ASD. Acquired MD has been demonstrated in a rodent ASD model in which propionic acid (PPA), an enteric bacterial fermentation product of ASD-associated gut bacteria, is infused intracerebroventricularly. This anima...

  20. A Novel Rodent Model of Autism: Intraventricular Infusions of Propionic Acid Increase Locomotor Activity and Induce Neuroinflammation and Oxidative Stress in Discrete Regions of Adult Rat Brain

    OpenAIRE

    Derrick F. MacFabe; Karina Rodríguez-Capote; Jennifer E.  Franklin; Martin Kavaliers; Fred Possmayer; Klaus-Peter Ossenkopp; Andrew E. Franklin

    2008-01-01

    Innate neuroinflammatory changes, increased oxidative stress and disorders of glutathione metabolism may be involved in the pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Propionic acid (PPA) is a dietary and gut bacterial short chain fatty acid which can produce brain and behavioral changes reminiscent of ASD following intraventricular infusion in rats. Adult Long-Evans rats were given intraventricular infusions of either PPA (500ug uL-1, 4µl anima-1) or phosphate buffered saline (PBS) ...

  1. Metabolic effects of intra-abdominal fat in GHRKO mice

    OpenAIRE

    Masternak, Michal M.; Bartke, Andrzej; Wang, Feiya; Spong, Adam; Gesing, Adam; Fang, Yimin; Salmon, Adam B.; Hughes, Larry F; Liberati, Teresa; Boparai, Ravneet; Kopchick, John J.; Westbrook, Reyhan

    2011-01-01

    Mice with targeted deletion of the growth hormone receptor (GHRKO mice) are GH resistant, small, obese, hypoinsulinemic, highly insulin sensitive and remarkably long-lived. To elucidate the unexpected coexistence of adiposity with improved insulin sensitivity and extended longevity, we examined effects of surgical removal of visceral (epididymal and perinephric) fat on metabolic traits related to insulin signaling and longevity. Comparison of results obtained in GHRKO mice and in normal anima...

  2. Ancient Technology in Contemporary Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Buck, Bruce A.

    1982-01-01

    Archaeologists have shown that ancient man developed the ability to produce cutting blades of an extreme degree of sharpness from volcanic glass. The finest of these prismatic blades were produced in Mesoamerica about 2,500 years ago. The technique of production of these blades was rediscovered 12 years ago by Dr. Don Crabtree, who suggested possible uses for the blades in modern surgery. Blades produced by Dr. Crabtree have been used in experimental microsurgery with excellent results. Anima...

  3. Kolmiulotteisen animaatiohahmon kinematiikka

    OpenAIRE

    Halme, Timo

    2006-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön aiheena on kolmiulotteisten animaatiohahmojen kinematiikka eli animaatiohahmon liikkeet. Tarkoituksena on tutustua kolmiulotteisen hahmoanimaation maailmaan ja erityisesti menetelmiin, joilla luodaan animaatiohahmojen liikkeet. Pääasiallisena tarkoituksena on selvittää 3ds Max mallinnus- ja animaatio-ohjelman käyttökelpoisuus hahmo-animaation luojana sekä tutustua erilaisiin ohjelman tarjoamiin tekniikoihin, jotka luo-vat mahdollisimman realistista kinematiikkaa animaatioh...

  4. Krõlataja boginja predpotshla "Ostrov"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Kuulutati välja Venemaa filmiauhinna "Nike" võitjad : parim vene mängufilm Pavel Lungini "Saar" ("Ostrov"), kus olid ka parimad meesnäitlejad Pjotr Mamonov ja Viktor Suhhorukov ja parim operaator Andrei Zhegalov (postuumselt). Parim naisnäitleja oli Lija Ahhedzhakova, parima SRÜ filmi autor Kira Muratova, parim animaator Aleksandr Petrov. Elutöö "Nike" sai Eldar Rjazanov

  5. Kinetic bottlenecks to chemical exchange rates for deep-sea animals II: Carbon dioxide

    OpenAIRE

    Hofmann, Andreas F.; Peltzer, Edward T.; Brewer, Peter G.

    2012-01-01

    Increased ocean acidification from fossil fuel CO2 invasion, from temperature-driven changes in respiration, and from possible leakage from sub-seabed geologic CO2 disposal has aroused concern over the impacts of elevated CO2 concentrations on marine life. 5 Discussion of these impacts has so far focused only on changes in the oceanic bulk fluid properties as the critical variable and with a major focus on carbonate shell dissolution. Here we describe the rate problem for anima...

  6. Evaluation of a Cone Beam Computed Tomography Geometry for Image Guided Small Animal Irradiation

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Yidong; Armour, Michael; Wang, Ken Kang-Hsin; Gandhi, Nishant; Iordachita, Iulian; Siewerdsen, Jeffrey; Wong, John

    2015-01-01

    The conventional imaging geometry for small animal cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is that a detector panel rotates around the head-to-tail axis of an imaged animal (“tubular” geometry). Another unusual but possible imaging geometry is that the detector panel rotates around the anterior-to-posterior axis of the animal (“pancake” geometry). The small animal radiation research platform (SARRP) developed at Johns Hopkins University employs the pancake geometry where a prone-positioned anima...

  7. LABAQM - A SYSTEM FOR QUALITATIVE MODELLING AND ANALYSIS OF ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR

    OpenAIRE

    Matetić, Maja; Ribarić, Slobodan; Ipšić, Ivo

    2002-01-01

    Tracking of a laboratory animal and its behaviour interpretation based on frame sequence analysis have been traditionally quantitative and typically generates large amounts of temporally evolving data. In our work we are dealing with higher-level approaches such as conceptual clustering and qualitative modelling in order to represent data obtained by tracking. We present the LABAQM system developed for the analysis of laboratory animal behaviours. It is based on qualitative modelling of anima...

  8. Implementation of Animal Dissection to Brush the Skills of Biology Experiments Up Qualitatively and the Influence

    OpenAIRE

    Sato, Takayuki; Torigoe, Kenji

    2007-01-01

    Animal dissection is good teaching method to understand animal livings directly. But, almost all the science teachers don't have enough experiences and skills about it. Therefore, we caused students to do several animal dissections and compare the results on teacher training of graduate school of university.The results of this study are as follow: 1) Mouse and Frogs as typical animals of dissection are good teaching material for observing overview of inner organs.2) The other vertebrate anima...

  9. Computational physics : a modeler-simulator for animated physical objects

    OpenAIRE

    Luciani, Annie; Jimenez, Stéphane; Florens, Jean-Loup; Cadoz, Claude; Raoult, Olivier

    1991-01-01

    International audience Physical modeling for animation is now firmly established. The present aim is to design and build a structured and well-defined tool rather merely specific algorithms to simulate physical knowledge. We will first define the basic functions of a modeler-simulator for physical modeling which enables operator gestural control, and where the simulation processes are real time oriented. We will then introduce the Cordis-Anima system, its constructive language, its real ti...

  10. Visualization and animation of RBFS search algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Lipovec, Darko

    2011-01-01

    We created a web application for better comprehension of the RBFS algorithm. We present RBFS algorithm and its properties and describe the Adobe Flash development platform, which we used for the development together with the tools for Flash animation and Flash Builder development environment. We present a graphical user interface and three animated examples where RBFS searches for an optimal solution. The behavior of the algorithm is illustrated using an animation of the pseudo-code and anima...

  11. Hundars inverkan på hälsa hos vårdtagare på vård- och omsorgsboende - en litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Wellton, Hanna; Jakobsson, Kajsa

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT   Background: Aging and losing cognitive and physical functions is difficult. To also be affected by dementia means that you lose some part of your identity and the ability to take care of yourself. It is important to find alternative, non-pharmacological ways to increase health for the elderly and those who are affected by dementia. When dogs are used for therapeutic purposes in health care it is roughly divided into two different forms; AAA (Animal Assisted Activity) and AAT (Anima...

  12. Využití zvířat v psychoterapii neurotických poruch, situace v psychiatrických léčebnách ČR

    OpenAIRE

    SEMECKÁ, Margita

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the use of animals in the therapy of neurotic disorders under the settings of mental hospitals. First part of this work desribes neurotic disorders and their therapy with a particular emphasis on AAT (Anima-Assisted-Therapy, pet therapy) and its subdivisions (hippotherapy, canistherapy, etc.) Principals of AAT are explained. Further, contraindications and possible risks are mentioned and the inherent possibility of animal misuse is discussed. The theses in...

  13. Vinttikoiran anatomia ja animaatio

    OpenAIRE

    Heikkinen, Marjaana

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytteen tavoitteena oli tutkia koiran anatomiaa ja sen liikeratoja perusaskellaji animaation avulla. Työn teknisessä osuudessa esittelen askellajeista laukan. Esimerkkitapaukseksi olen valinnut englanninvinttikoiran sen vartalon elastisuuden ja notkeuden vuoksi. Animaattorin kannalta rotu on mielestäni hyvin kiinnostava ja monipuolinen kohde animoida. Työni päätavoitteena oli tuottaa mahdollisimman laadukasta ja tarkkaa animaatiota. Haasteelliseksi työn teki toimivan rigin, hahmon lu...

  14. Nulla se non un desiderio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arrigo Stara

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Il breve testo - replica alla comunicazione di Raffaele Pinto - si propone di riflettere sull' universalità del concetto di desiderio in relazione alla letteratura, a partire dal tema aristotelico della 'orexis', intesa come 'giuntura' fra corpo e anima, fino alle nozioni freudiane di Eros e Thanatos. Una duplicità che viene considerata come costitutiva del desiderio umano, e che solo nell' opera letteraria riesce a trovare una possibile conciliazione.

  15. Voluntary Exercise Decreases Atherosclerosis in Nephrectomised ApoE Knockout Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Shing, Cecilia M.; Fassett, Robert G.; Peake, Jonathan M.; Coombes, Jeff S.

    2015-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with kidney disease. The effectiveness of exercise for cardiovascular disease that is accelerated by the presence of chronic kidney disease remains unknown. The present study utilized apolipoprotein E knockout mice with 5/6 nephrectomy as a model of combined kidney disease and cardiovascular disease to investigate the effect of exercise on aortic plaque formation, vascular function and systemic inflammation. Anima...

  16. From Moscovici to Jung: the feminine archetype and its iconography

    OpenAIRE

    Jesús Saiz Galdós; Beatriz Fernández Ruiz; José Luis Álvaro Estramiana

    2007-01-01

    Our representations of women have their origins in the myths of the past. According to Jung, myths are the symbolic expression of the collective unconscious that expresses itself through archetypes. Archetypes are thus images that pass across generations: instruments of collective thought. The main archetypes we deal with in this article are the Mother and the Anima, or men´s feminine principle. Using Jung's concept of archetype to analyse women´s iconographic representations ...

  17. From Moscovici to Jung: the feminine archetype and its iconography

    OpenAIRE

    Saiz Galdós, Jesús; Fernández Ruiz, Beatriz; Álvaro, José Luis

    2007-01-01

    Our representations of women have their origins in the myths of the past. According to Jung, myths are the symbolic expression of the collective unconscious that expresses itself through archetypes. Archetypes are thus images that pass across generations: instruments of collective thought. The main archetypes we deal with in this article are the Mother and the Anima, or men´s feminine principle. Using Jung's concept of archetype to analyse women´s iconographic representations allows us to com...

  18. Influence of garlic extract on antioxidant status of chicken

    OpenAIRE

    Zuzana Jakubcova; Petr Mareš; Ladislav Zeman; Pavel Horký; Tünde Juríková; Jiří Mlček; Štefan Balla; Libor Kalhotka; Eva Mrkvicová; Jiří Sochor

    2014-01-01

    In 2006 the European Union banned the feeding of antibiotic growth promoters because of possible risk of drug resistance in human pathogens bacteria. This is the reason for the study of various phytogenic additives and their extracts as a natural source of biologically important compounds. Antimicrobial substances are a commonly included in chicken feed rations. They are used mainly as prevention against various diseases, and also to stimulate growth. The beneficial effects of garlic on anima...

  19. The Immune Space: A Concept and Template for Rationalizing Vaccine Development

    OpenAIRE

    Manrique, Amapola; Adams, Elizabeth; Barouch, Dan H.; Fast, Pat; Graham, Barney S.; Kim, Jerome H.; Kublin, James G.; McCluskey, Margaret; Pantaleo, Giuseppe; Robinson, Harriet L.; Russell, Nina; Snow, William; Johnston, Margaret I.

    2014-01-01

    Empirical testing of candidate vaccines has led to the successful development of a number of lifesaving vaccines. The advent of new tools to manipulate antigens and new methods and vectors for vaccine delivery has led to a veritable explosion of potential vaccine designs. As a result, selection of candidate vaccines suitable for large-scale efficacy testing has become more challenging. This is especially true for diseases such as dengue, HIV, and tuberculosis where there is no validated anima...

  20. 荣格原型理论下的辛克莱形象分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍伟

    2014-01-01

    本文从荣格原型理论中的人格面具(persona)、阴影(shadow)、阿妮玛(anima)和阿妮姆斯(animus)、自性(self)四个重要方面,来分析黑塞《德米安》中的辛克莱形象,以拓展黑塞成长小说的研究空间。

  1. 荣格原型理论下的辛克莱形象分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍伟

    2014-01-01

    本文从荣格原型理论中的人格面具(persona)、阴影(shadow)、阿妮玛(anima)和阿妮姆斯(animus)、自性(self)四个重要方面,来分析黑塞《德米安》中的辛克莱形象,以拓展黑塞成长小说的研究空间.

  2. Naringin Attenuates Autophagic Stress and Neuroinflammation in Kainic Acid-Treated Hippocampus In Vivo

    OpenAIRE

    Kyoung Hoon Jeong; Un Ju Jung; Sang Ryong Kim

    2015-01-01

    Kainic acid (KA) is well known as a chemical compound to study epileptic seizures and neuronal excitotoxicity. KA-induced excitotoxicity causes neuronal death by induction of autophagic stress and microglia-derived neuroinflammation, suggesting that the control of KA-induced effects may be important to inhibit epileptic seizures with neuroprotection. Naringin, a flavonoid in grapefruit and citrus fruits, has anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activities, resulting in neuroprotection in anima...

  3. アリストテレスの「付帯的感覚」に関する一解釈

    OpenAIRE

    堀江, 聡

    1986-01-01

    In De Anima B6, Aristotle divides objects of perception into essential and incidental ones. Furthermore, he divides objects of incidental perception into three kinds. (1) common objects, (2) proper objects of heterogeneous perception, and (3) objects such as "son of Diares". Many Commentators think that the latter two are irrelevant to Aristotle's theory of perception. I think, however, these kinds of perception play the most important part not only in recognizing the existence of individual ...

  4. The earliest fossil record of the animals and its significance

    OpenAIRE

    Graham E. Budd

    2008-01-01

    The fossil record of the earliest animals has been enlivened in recent years by a series of spectacular discoveries, including embryos, from the Ediacaran to the Cambrian, but many issues, not least of dating and interpretation, remain controversial. In particular, aspects of taphonomy of the earliest fossils require careful consideration before pronouncements about their affinities. Nevertheless, a reasonable case can now be made for the extension of the fossil record of at least basal anima...

  5. Animal poisonings in Belgium: a review of the past decade

    OpenAIRE

    Vandenbroucke, Virginie; Van Pelt, Henk; De Backer, Patrick; Croubels, Siska

    2010-01-01

    This review focuses on poisonings in companion animals, including horses, farm animals and wildlife, investigated and recorded during the past ten years at the Laboratory of Toxicology of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (Ghent University) and the National Poison Centre in Belgium. The causative agents of poisoning incidents vary among the different species. The Laboratory of Toxicology of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine reports that the majority of poisoning incidents in companion anima...

  6. Archrtypal Analysis of Bijan and Manije Story

    OpenAIRE

    Tayebeh Jafari; Zeynab Choghadi

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Manije and Bijan story, a poem by a great poet, Firdausi Tousi, like his other stories in Shahname is a story which can be analyzed by archetyoal approach. According to this approach, this story can be considered as the individuation of here of this story, Bijan, who voluntarily enters into the individuation and psychological growth by being called. In his perfection cycle which is started and in Iran, by the trickery of evil wise old (gorgin), Bijan meets his Anima of unconsciou...

  7. ÎNCADRAREA ŞLEAHTEI POLONEZE ÎN RÂNDURILE NOBILIMII DIN BASARABIA PE PARCURSUL SECOLULUI Al XIX-lea (Cazul familiilor de nobili Celinski şi Cernilev/Cernelevski

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina GHERASIM

    2015-11-01

    ătre Adunarea Deputaţilor Nobilimii din Podolia lipsesc actele care ar adeveri că Adronache Cernelevski a deţinut rangul de paharnic, precum şi faptul că solicitanţii nominalizaţi sunt urmaşi direcţi ai acestuia. În situaţia creată membrii familiei Cernelevski cer să fie acceptaţi în categoria odnodvorţilor din Basarabia. Astfel, odată cu infiltrarea persoanelor alogene în rândurile nobilimii basarabene, s-a produs schimbarea componenţei etnice, rusificarea şi deznaţionalizarea acestei categorii sociale.THE ASSIMILATION OF POLISH NOBILITY AMONG BESSARABIAN NOBILITY DURING XIXth CENTURY. (Case study: noble family Celinski and Cernilev/Cernelevski In the article, based on archive documents and published monographic studies, to treat the problem of assimilation of allergenic nobles by Bessarabian nobility, having as example the polish nobles. Being strategically, located Bessarabia was of particular interest in expansion policy of the Russian Empire. For these reasons, once the territory annexed, the tsarist searched to create a social base here to support and promote imperial policy. Besides granting various privileges to the native population, especially to the nobility, the imperial administration directed an intense colonization policy of the territory between Dniester and Prut and infiltration of Russian nobles or just simple clerks of Russian origin, coming from different parts such as Poland, Austria etc. among native nobility. As a result, during the XIXth century, alongside with local boyars in the confirmation of titles of nobility, at the commission created to this purpose, were registered representatives of allergenic nobility. Analysis of the files submitted by polish nobility revealed that their noble titles were confirmed after the presentation of a certificate certifying the applicant's noble affiliation by Assembly of Deputies of nobility from Podolia. There are as well cases of refusal of confirmation of titles to the polish nobility. After

  8. Adel en nobiliteringsprocessen in het laatmiddeleeuwse Vlaanderen: een status quaestionis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Dumolyn

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Nobility and processes of ennoblement in Late Mediaeval Flanders: a state of the artIn the county of Flanders, the later Middle Ages should not be considered simply as a period of general crisis for the nobility as an evolving class. Instead, we might call it a time of intensive renewal, accelerated mobility and diversification. The background of these developments was a threefold dialectic: the late mediaeval crisis of feudalism (which brought about a sharp deterioration of noble rent income, social and economic urban development in Flanders and, last but not least, the Flemish-Burgundian state formation process. Specifically, the latter factor has been taken into account in this article as a creative force in the renovation of the nobility. This process was accompanied by a concentration of surplus extraction on the 'state' level, resulting in what we might call ‘state feudalism’. For the traditional nobles, obtaining a political position in the county was now only possible through princely service. On the other hand, political functions and offices offered urban and rural, non-noble, political elites opportunities for gradual ennoblement. Of course, other factors too were involved: the acquisition of seigniorial power, noble alliances and ‘living like a nobleman’. Consequently, these two aristocracies (traditional nobles and political elites of the Burgundian State merged to a certain extent, eventually resulting in a 'new' noble class, anticipating the ‘noblesse de robe’ of the modern period. For a particular family, this process of ennoblement could take several generations. In a European perspective, the redefinition and revitalisation of this ‘nobility’ as a traditional ruling class in feudal society is hardly surprising. Nevertheless, the high degree of urbanisation in Flanders gave this process a distinct character.

  9. Molecular bases for parallel evolution of translucent bracts in an alpine "glasshouse" plant Rheum alexandrae (Polygonaceae)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bing-Bing LIU; Lars OPGENOORTH; Georg MIEHE; Dong-Yuan ZHANG; Dong-Shi WAN; Chang-Ming ZHAO; Dong-Rui JIA

    2013-01-01

    Parallel evolution provides an excellent framework to infer the genetic bases of adaptive traits and understand the importance of natural selection in shaping current biodiversity.The upper leaves of the "glasshouse plants" transform into translucent bracts that show numerous adaptions in alpine habitats.It remains unknown whether similar molecular changes occur under the parallel bract evolution of different "glasshouse" species.In this study,we compared the results on phenotypic and physiological differences and presented the results of cDNA-AFLP analyses of transcriptional changes between translucent bracts and normal leaves in Rheum alexandrae.We also examined the homologous candidate genes with the same expression changes between this species and another "glasshouse" species,R.nobile.We found that bracts ofR.alexandrae are similar to those ofR.nobile in anatomical features:chloroplasts have degenerated and chlorophyll contents are greatly reduced,which suggests that foliar photosynthetic functions in bracts of both species have been reduced or totally altered.Among the 6000 transcript-derived fragments (TDFs) in bracts and leaves of R.alexandrae,420 (7%) were differentially expressed (up-or downregulated) between bracts and normal leaves.There were a total of 13 homologous TDFs with the same expression changes between R.alexandrae and the previously studied R.nobile.Except for the two that were not functionally annotated,eight of the homologous TDFs were found to be involved in stress and defense responses whereas the other three were related to photosynthesis.The up-or downregulation of these candidate genes was highly congruent with anatomical characteristics and adaptive functions of the bracts found for "glasshouse" plants.These findings suggested that the "glasshouse" phenotypes may have common molecular bases underlying their parallel evolution of similar adaptive functions and highlighted the importance of the natural selection in producing such

  10. “礼不下庶人,刑不上大夫”简论%The commentary of "Ceremony less than common people,punishment is not to the doctor"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王唯

    2011-01-01

    The disputes on "The ceremony less than common people,punishment is not to the doctor." are mainly because of the "li","punishment","common people","doctor" and different understanding of the concept.This paper argues that "li" since,as the code of conduct to the requirements of natural nobility;down to the common people have Miller Shurei.The so-called "gift less than common people",only those held within the nobility,the nobility used to consolidate the organization's ritual does not allow common people to participate in it."Punishment is not to the doctor," refers only to castration is less than in the doctor.%对于"礼不下庶人,刑不上大夫"的争议主要是因为"礼"、"刑"、"庶人"、"大夫"等概念理解的差异。本文认为,"礼"既然作为行为准则,自然要求上至贵族,下至庶人都要学礼守礼。所谓"礼不下庶人",只是那些在贵族内部举行、用来巩固贵族组织的"礼"不允许庶人参加而已。"刑不上大夫"仅指宫刑不及于大夫。

  11. La nova i reial població de Sant Carles de la Ràpita (1780-1794)

    OpenAIRE

    Borràs Matamoros, Noelia

    2013-01-01

    Charles III's decision to open Alfacs harbour to foreign trade with America.in 1778 led to the development of a series of projects in the area of Ràpita which culminated in the founding of a new village. It was planned the fortification of the bay by building three gun batteries and opening a navigable channel between Ràpita and Amposta to facilitate trade along the Ebre river. Due to the land claims of the peasantry, nobility, clergy and bourgeoisie, the structure of land ownership in ...

  12. Inventarizace a návrh obnovy porostů v zámeckém parku ve Vlašimi

    OpenAIRE

    Havlín, Petr

    2014-01-01

    The work deals with the Vlašim Chateau Park as a cultural-historical monument created in the style of English landscaped parks as a whim of former well-standing nobility. In retrospective view, up to the present, there is described the history of the area and the park itself. Then there is own characteristics including natural, climatic, geomorphologic and other conditions. The very essence of my work is to assess the current state of forests, but also the assessment of solitary and genetic a...

  13. Trame di Pace. Simboli, carte, azioni di un’utopia possibile. 1945-2003

    OpenAIRE

    Nadia Baiesi; Gianluca Gabrielli; Elda Guerra; Rossella Ropa

    2014-01-01

    La mostra racconta la storia degli uomini e delle donne che hanno ragionato di pace non più come di una nobile speranza, ma come dell’unica chance di salvezza per l’umanità. La scansione cronologica, per decenni, parte dal 1945 e arriva al 2003 con la diffusione della bandiera arcobaleno in occasione della campagna «Pace da tutti i balconi», nata per scongiurare il secondo conflitto in Iraq. Al centro della mostra un percorso sui simboli che sono stati in...

  14. Agent Based Processing of Global Evaluation Function

    CERN Document Server

    Hossain, M Shahriar; Joarder, Md Mahbubul Alam

    2011-01-01

    Load balancing across a networked environment is a monotonous job. Moreover, if the job to be distributed is a constraint satisfying one, the distribution of load demands core intelligence. This paper proposes parallel processing through Global Evaluation Function by means of randomly initialized agents for solving Constraint Satisfaction Problems. A potential issue about the number of agents in a machine under the invocation of distribution is discussed here for securing the maximum benefit from Global Evaluation and parallel processing. The proposed system is compared with typical solution that shows an exclusive outcome supporting the nobility of parallel implementation of Global Evaluation Function with certain number of agents in each invoked machine.

  15. Urgensi Pemberian Bantuan Hukum Terhadap Pelaku Tindak Pidana Terorisme

    OpenAIRE

    Arizal

    2012-01-01

    Advocate in a position as a noble profession or known as afficium nobile, according to act No. 18 of 2003 concerning to Advocate has liability to provide the legal aid. Ideally it described that legal aid is a social responsibility of Advocate. Legal aid also provided to the terorism accused because one of right of accused of a crime especially the terorism is a right for legal aid from Advocate. Legal aid for the accused do a crime is based on any principle of presumption of innocence and t...

  16. The Polar Cultural Heritage as a Tourism Attraction: a Case Study of the Airship Mooring Mast at Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard

    OpenAIRE

    ROURA, Ricardo

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the use of narratives in the transformation of historic sites in the polar regions into attractions and consumable tourism products. The analysis is based on a case study of visitation to the airship mooring mast built at Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, for the 1926 “Amundsen-Ellsworth-Nobile Transpolar Flight” of the airship Norge. The questions addressed in this paper are: How does cultural heritage in the polar regions operate as a tourist attraction? What is the role of tourism ...

  17. The Order of Sir Bondi

    CERN Document Server

    Barreto, W

    2009-01-01

    The direct and indirect relationship between the British physicist originally from Austria, Sir Hermann Bondi, and Venezuelan physics are presented. Special emphasis is made of his more remarkable human qualities, nobility and humbleness, besides his important contribution to General Relativity and to the European science agencies. Self--declared as a staunch disciple of Popperian philosophy, Bondi defended the "hard and dirty" physics against the "inmaculate and beauty" physics. Attention is focused on two cornerstones of Bondi's work, followed thoroughly by Luis Herrera and disciples in Venezuela.

  18. Charles Lamb's R eminiscences in “South-Sea House”

    OpenAIRE

    Dr . Himanshu A . Sriv as t a v a

    2011-01-01

    Charles Lamb has rightly been called “The Prince of English Essayist.” Lamb was one of the most autobiographical ofthe English essayists and his essays at every step reflect his nobility of soul, his good nature and his charity. Essaysof Elia reconstructs the whole of his life from the beginning to the end. The South-Sea House, from the essays ofElia is an autobiographical essay which presents the glorious past of South-Sea House Company and its ingloriousend. He vividly describes his co-work...

  19. De plantis vascularibus praesertim ibericis (IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PEDROL, J., YERA, J., ASCASO, J.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Se aportan algunas novedades florísticas y comentarios corológicos relativos a la zona central del Valle del Ebro (Huesca, Lérida y Zaragoza en España. Destacamos : Achillea filipendulina, Aegilops neglecta, Bbidens aurea, B. fondosa, Centaurea depressa, Chamaemelum nobile, Crypsis aculeata, Cyperus michelianus subsp. michelianus, C. serotinus, Heteranthera reniformis, Mantisalca duriaei, Pulicaria paludosa, Ranunculus sardous, Reichardia intermedia, Scirpus lacustris subsp. lacustris, S. mucronatus, S. supinus, seneciio lagascanus, Sonchus x novocastellanus y Valerianella eriocarpa.

  20. Taxonomic review of the genus Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae in the Iberian peninsula and the Balearic lslands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedí i González, Carles

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available A taxonomic review of the genus Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae in the Iberian peninsula and the Balearic Islands is carried out. Two changes in nomenclature are proposed: Chamaemelum nobile ( L. All. forma discoideum (Willk. comb. & stat. nov. and C. fuscatum (Brot. Vasc. forma minor (Hoffmanns. & Link comb. & stat. nov. For each taxon the correct name as well as the corresponding synonyms are given. A dichotomic key of the recognized taxa and a list of the herharium sheets studied are provided.

    Se realiza una revisión taxonómica del género Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae en la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Se proponen dos cambios nomenclaturles: Chamaemelum nobile (L. All. forma discoideum (Willk. comb. & stat. nov. y C. fuscatum (Brot. Vasc. forma minor (Hoffmanns. & Link comb. & stat. nov. Para cada taxon se da el nombre correcto, así como las correspondientes sinonimias. Se adjunta una clave dicotómica de los táxones reconocidos y una relación de los testimonios de herbario estudiados.

  1. Oviposition by mutualistic seed-consuming pollinators reduces fruit abortion in a recently discovered pollination mutualism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Bo; Stöcklin, Jürg; Gao, Yong-Qian; Peng, De-Li; Song, Min-Shu; Sun, Hang

    2016-01-01

    A prerequisite for the evolutionary stability of pollinating seed-consuming mutualisms is that each partner benefits from the association. However, few studies of such mutualism have considered the benefit gained by the pollinators. Here, we determined how the pollinating seed-predators ensure the provisioning of their offspring in the recently discovered mutualism between Rheum nobile and Bradysia flies. The correlation between flower fate and fly oviposition was examined. Floral traits and patterns of variation in fruit abortion and fly oviposition were investigated to determine whether female flies exhibit preferences for particular flowers when laying eggs. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) was quantified to determine whether female flies manipulate host physiology. Flowers that flies oviposited on had a significantly lower probability of fruit abortion compared with intact flowers. Females did not exhibit oviposition preference for any of the floral traits examined. There was no significant correlation between fruit abortion and fly oviposition in terms of either flower position or timing of flowering. IAA concentrations in oviposited flowers were significantly higher than in intact flowers. Our results suggest that oviposition by the mutualistic seed-consuming pollinator Bradysia sp., greatly reduces the probability of fruit abortion of its host, R. nobile; this may be attributed to the manipulation of host physiology through regulating IAA levels. PMID:27418228

  2. Transformative Education for an Ideal Society: A Case in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raazia Hassan Naqvi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available “Do not stop doing good, even to those who have harmed you. Rather, treat them with humanity and nobility, for harming someone is brutish behavior. Returning evil with evil implies a deficiency in character, returning good for evil is nobility, says Fethullah Gulen in his book “Pearls of Wisdom.” Through the Hizmet Movement, Gülen has envisioned an ideal society, where values like peace, tolerance, brotherhood, respect of others’ thoughts, and human rights prevail as identical to the essence commanded by Islam. He has love for humanity, ethnicity and has promoted inter-cultural dialogues between people of different religions and faiths. Education has been an effective tool for Gülen to disseminate his outlook, which is based on teachings that promote ethical and contemporary interpretations of Islam. The institutions run by educational companies and foundations worldwide as inspired by Gülen do not preach about his teachings, rather, the teachers inspired by him are role models who initiate for change in their students’ educational and social accomplishments. In Pakistan, which has been a victim of the manifestations of fundamentalism in recent years, Gülen-inspired Turkish schools and other collaborating institutions may make considerable contribution to inspiring the youth and the general public by promoting peaceful coexistence through the tongue of education.

  3. Opstand adelt? De rechtvaardiging van het politieke verzet van de adel in de Vlaamse Opstand (1482-1492

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelle Haemers

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Can a Revolt be Ennobling? Justification of the Political Opposition of the Nobility during the Flemish Revolt (1482-1492This article analyses the political ideas of the late mediaeval nobility. In 1491, Archduke Maximilian of Austria accused three noblemen, Louis of Bruges, Adolf of Cleves and his son Philip, of lese majesty. The pleas made by the above-mentioned noblemen in this particular case are used to reconstruct their political ideology. The three noblemen maintained that service to the sovereign was one the most noble virtues of a nobleman, but they also considered that this political service had to be reciprocal. Using customary law, judicial treatises and political practices, they argued that the sovereign was the keystone of the political order, as long as he obtained advice from the noblemen when setting out his policies. He was also not allowed to violate any laws, traditions or privileges. These ideas had a long history in mediaeval political thought, and they would continue to dominate sixteenth-century society.

  4. [The origin and development of fragrance activity in Chinese ancient times].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Jie-yun; Jin, Zhi-jun

    2010-05-01

    It has a long history of the fragrance activities in the ancient China. During the period of pre-Qin, it was mainly used in the therapy and worship. Until the Three Kingdoms, the crowd using the fragrance expanded from the royal to the literati and the general officials. People applied the spices to incense clothes, purify rooms, prevent and treat epidemic diseases in daily. In the worship, the spices were dedicated to Gods and other fairies. The fragrance was developed quickly during the period from Wei Dynasty to South and North Dynasties. People had more experiences of spices used as medicines, the formula of spices were used more widely. Then, during the period from Sui Dynasty to Song Dynasty, the fragrance activities climbed to the peak. The fragrance activities were institutionalized, when nobility matched their spices each other. The Literati made spice products and enjoyed the fragrance activities. Doctors knew more than before in the application experiences and species of spices. In the times of Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasty, the fragrance activities spread among the public. The spices appeared in each side of the daily life of nobility, when natural fruits appeared in the fragrance activities. External therapy with spices appeared in the clinical. In addition to prevention and therapy, spices should be used in the embalming. After a long period, the fragrance activities had gradually developed into a kind of culture. PMID:21029705

  5. Electrochemical study of stainless steels used in an oil company by electrochemical impedance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boudinar, Y.; Chadli, H. [Laboratory of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Properties (LMPPM), University of Annaba, Annaba (Algeria); Innal, F. [University of Bordeaux/IMS-LAPS, Talence (France); Belmokre, K. [Laboratory of Corrosion and Surface Treatment (LCTS), University of Skikda, Skikda (Algeria)

    2010-07-15

    Localized corrosion is a serious problem for stainless steel exposed in a chloride solution. In this context, the present work concerns the study of electrochemical behavior of 316 (A and B) and 430 (C and D) stainless steels, where A and C are laboratory steels, while steels B and D were taken from heat exchangers tubes (after 10 years of operation). This study has addressed three different aqueous environments: (1) monoethanolamine (MEA) 15%, (2) natural seawater (NSW), and (3) NaCl 3%, using the technique of potentiodynamic polarization curve complemented by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The obtained experimental electrochemical parameters (E{sub corr}, J{sub corr}, E{sub r}, C{sub d}, R{sub tc}, and constant phase element) were used to compare the corrosion resistance of the tested steels. As a result, the nobility of these steels in NaCl 3% and in MEA 15% solutions is established in the following order: 316 (A) > 316 (B) > 430 (C) > 430 (D), where E{sub r} moves increasingly toward the positive direction, indicating a good protection against corrosion. In addition, the results show that the effect of the electrolyte (aggression) is characterized by increased corrosion potential and a decrease in the passivity domain for all samples. The hierarchy of the nobility of steels A and C in these electrolytes can be determined as follows: MEA 15% > NSW > NaCl 3%. (Abstract Copyright [2010], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  6. Multiple injected and natural conservative tracers quantify mixing in a stream confluence affected by acid mine drainage near Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemel, L.E.; Cox, M.H.; Runkel, R.L.; Kimball, B.A.

    2006-01-01

    The acidic discharge from Cement Creek, containing elevated concentrations of dissolved metals and sulphate, mixed with the circumneutral-pH Animas River over a several hundred metre reach (mixing zone) near Silverton, CO, during this study. Differences in concentrations of Ca, Mg, Si, Sr, and SO42- between the creek and the river were sufficiently large for these analytes to be used as natural tracers in the mixing zone. In addition, a sodium chloride (NaCl) tracer was injected into Cement Creek, which provided a Cl- 'reference' tracer in the mixing zone. Conservative transport of the dissolved metals and sulphate through the mixing zone was verified by mass balances and by linear mixing plots relative to the injected reference tracer. At each of seven sites in the mixing zone, five samples were collected at evenly spaced increments of the observed across-channel gradients, as determined by specific conductance. This created sets of samples that adequately covered the ranges of mixtures (mixing ratios, in terms of the fraction of Animas River water, %AR). Concentrations measured in each mixing zone sample and in the upstream Animas River and Cement Creek were used to compute %AR for the reference and natural tracers. Values of %AR from natural tracers generally showed good agreement with values from the reference tracer, but variability in discharge and end-member concentrations and analytical errors contributed to unexpected outlier values for both injected and natural tracers. The median value (MV) %AR (calculated from all of the tracers) reduced scatter in the mixing plots for the dissolved metals, indicating that the MV estimate reduced the effects of various potential errors that could affect any tracer.

  7. DRUŠTVENA ODAZIVNOST LOKALNE SAMOUPRAVE I FUNKCIONIRANJE LOKALNIH SLUŽBI: SLUČAJ MAKEDONIJE

    OpenAIRE

    Maksimovska, Aleksandra; Stojkov, Aleksandar

    2016-01-01

    Jedan je od glavnih ciljeva lokalne samouprave približiti javne usluge građanima, no različite društvene skupine imaju različite zahtjeve u odnosu na pristup i postupke lokalnih vlasti. U radu se stoga razmatra jesu li lokalne vlasti odazivne i jednako otvorene prema potrebama svih građana ili su potrošili sredstva namijenjena budžetom isključivo iz zakonskih razloga. Kako se mjeri odazivnost lokalne samouprave i kako se povezuje s funkcioniranjem lokalnih službi u različitim sektorima? Rad p...

  8. A report on the examination of animal skin artefacts from the Bronze Age salt mines of Hallstatt, Austria

    OpenAIRE

    Susanna Harris

    2006-01-01

    My PhD research focuses on the social context of cloth from the Neolithic to Bronze Age with case studies from the Alpine area. One aspect of this is the interrelationship of the technologies used to create flexible, thin sheets of material that can be wrapped, folded, shaped and tied. This includes fibre-based cloth such as textiles, netting and twining as well as animal skins (leather and fur). This short report summarises preliminary research findings stemming from the examination of anima...

  9. Loputon, animaatio : Elokuva koskettaa meitä - tunteita ja aistielämyksiä animaatiossa

    OpenAIRE

    Sankila, Viika

    2013-01-01

    Elokuvallinen kokemus tuntuu sekä näytöllä, iholla että katsojan kehossa. Animaation tekijänä haluan ymmärtää liikkuvan kuvan kokemuksellisuutta, moniaistisuutta ja materiaalisuutta. Stop-motion animaationi Loputon on visuaalista ilottelua, mutta väitän että se stimuloi ja aktivoi epäsuorasti muitakin aisteja. Animaationi estetiikka perustuu abstraktioihin, liikkeeseen ja materiaaleihin. Se käsittelee fyysistä ja henkistä pahoinvointia, ja ennen kaikkea siitä parantumista. Koen että yksil...

  10. Alqueva e a Nova Paisagem Turística

    OpenAIRE

    Marujo, Maria Noémi

    2005-01-01

    O «grande lago» de Alqueva vai aumentar e diversificar a oferta na área do turismo cultural, de natureza e de aventura. As realidades turísticas existentes (gastronomia, património, ambiente, etc.) aliadas às futuras potencialidades, especialmente na área da animação turística (desportos náuticos) e outras actividades de lazer (golfe, ténis etc.) vão potenciar o desenvolvimento do turismo na região. A nova paisagem de Alqueva é determinante para atrair novos turistas.

  11. Turismo no espaço rural: instrumentos financeiros previstos e formação

    OpenAIRE

    Águas, P.M.P.; Quinta-Nova, L.C.; Silva, I.C.; Gavinhos, C.

    2015-01-01

    O turismo no espaço rural é entendido como um produto completo e diversificado que integra as componentes de alojamento, restauração, animação e lazer, baseado no acolhimento hospitaleiro e personalizado e nas tradições mais genuínas da gastronomia, do artesanato, da cultura popular, da arquitetura, do folclore, e da história. São apresentados os principais instrumentos, designadamente o PDR 2020, bem como a oferta formativa da ESA-IPCB nesta área.

  12. Programar para prevenir : o uso do Scratch na segurança na internet

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Ana João Ribeiro; Coutinho, Clara Pereira

    2013-01-01

    O ambiente de programação Scratch, criado pelo MIT em 2007, permite criar facilmente histórias interativas, animações, jogos, música e arte e partilhar essas criações na web. O presente artigo apresenta um projeto de intervenção pedagógica supervisionada, com uma componente investigativa, que envolveu a utilização do Scratch, como estratégia para promover o desenvolvimento de competências e estruturar conhecimentos relativos à Segurança na Internet. O estudo foi implementado numa ...

  13. Programar para prevenir : o uso do Scratch aplicado à segurança na Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Ana João Ribeiro

    2013-01-01

    Relatório de estágio de mestrado em Ensino de Informática O ambiente de programação Scratch, criado pelo MIT em 2007, permite criar facilmente histórias interativas, animações, jogos, música e arte e partilhar essas criações na web. Este relatório apresenta o projeto de intervenção pedagógica supervisionada, com uma componente investigativa, que envolveu a utilização do Scratch, como estratégia para promover o desenvolvimento de competências e estruturar conhecimentos relativos...

  14. Accuracy of a New Patch Pump Based on a Microelectromechanical System (MEMS) Compared to Other Commercially Available Insulin Pumps: Results of the First In Vitro and In Vivo Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Borot, Sophie; Franc, Sylvia; Cristante, Justine; Penfornis, Alfred; Benhamou, Pierre-Yves; Guerci, Bruno; Hanaire, Hélène; Renard, Eric; Reznik, Yves; Simon, Chantal; Charpentier, Guillaume

    2014-01-01

    The JewelPUMP™ (JP) is a new patch pump based on a microelectromechanical system that operates without any plunger. The study aimed to evaluate the infusion accuracy of the JP in vitro and in vivo. For the in vitro studies, commercially available pumps meeting the ISO standard were compared to the JP: the MiniMed® Paradigm® 712 (MP), Accu-Chek® Combo (AC), OmniPod® (OP), Animas® Vibe™ (AN). Pump accuracy was measured over 24 hours using a continuous microweighing method, at 0.1 and 1 IU/h bas...

  15. Mind, brain, body, and soul: a review of the electrophysiological undercurrents for Dr. Frankenstein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Peter W

    2004-01-01

    Mary Shelley's Frankenstein is perhaps the most famous work of medical science fiction. She and her husband, the poet Percy Shelley, were aware of nascent neuroscience experimentation and the effects of electricity on neuromuscular function. Such experiments generated theories of voluntary, involuntary, and unconscious neuromuscular function; animal electricity; and the anima--the human vital principle. In Germany and Italy, investigators were performing bizarre electrical experiments on animals and humans to "reanimate" lifeless limbs and bodies. These demonstrations and theories find expression in Frankenstein and provide models for Dr. Frankenstein and his creation.

  16. Conciencia sin yo

    OpenAIRE

    Candel, Miguel

    2011-01-01

    Este trabajo comienza considerando la interpretación alejandrina de De anima III 4-5 de Aristóteles, donde se caracteriza el intelecto (noûs) y se establece la distinción entre dos intelectos (o bien, dos caras de la intelección). A continuación se presenta una reconsideración de las ideas modernas concernientes a la actividad intelectiva, las cuales parecen estar excesivamente orientadas al sujeto. El autor propone una revalidación de la teoría alejandrina del intelecto produc...

  17. Podemos Detener el VIH, Una Conversación a la Vez (We Can Stop HIV One Conversation at a Time)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-08-28

    Como parte de la campaña Podemos Detener el VIH, Una Conversación a la Vez, este anuncio de servicio público de 30 segundos que anima a los hispanos o latinos a hablar abiertamente sobre el VIH/SIDA con la familia, los amigos, las parejas y en las comunidades.  Created: 8/28/2014 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 8/28/2014.

  18. Podemos Detener el VIH, Una Conversación a la Vez Radio PSA (:30) (We Can Stop HIV One Conversation at a Time)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-08-27

    Como parte de la campaña Podemos Detener el VIH, Una Conversación a la Vez, este anuncio de servicio público de 30 segundos que anima a los hispanos o latinos a hablar abiertamente sobre el VIH/SIDA con la familia, los amigos, las parejas y en las comunidades.  Created: 8/27/2014 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 8/27/2014.

  19. Ecological study of a forest humus by observing a small volume. I. Penetration of pine litter by mycorrhizal fungi

    OpenAIRE

    PONGE, Jean-François

    1990-01-01

    International audience Observed on a 5 x 5 cm small surface of litter in a 35-years-old Scots pine stand with bracken and the moss Pseudoscleropodium purum, the Fl layer is extensively invaded by a mycelial mat made of several mycorrhizal fungi. Observations under a light microscope gave circumstantial evidence of the role of these fungi in advanced stages of decomposition: they seem to protect the partly decayed plant material and the faeces deposited by soil animaIs from subsequent attac...

  20. Qualidade nos serviços prestados aos turistas: aplicação do modelo SERVQUAL em cidades históricas património da humanidade

    OpenAIRE

    Ventinhas, André Celestino Ourives

    2016-01-01

    O turista segundo Marujo, Serra e Borges (2012) não passa em média mais de 2 dias na cidade de Évora. Seria importante começar por um diagnóstico que aponte caminhos concretos fazendo com que a sua experiência seja bem-sucedida, de acordo com a garantia das suas necessidades, comodidade, atratividade e animação. A aplicação do modelo de qualidade SERVQUAL, que visa estabelecer uma relação de comparação entre a qualidade esperada antes da visita e a qualidade verdadeiramente percecionada...

  1. Alexander of Aphrodisias and John Philoponus: Two commentators on Aristotle’s Theory of Intellect

    OpenAIRE

    Tiernan, Ruth

    2011-01-01

    When discussing Aristotle’s psychological writings we invariably run the risk of anachronism if we are to assume his is a search for a philosophy of mind. Though the texts discuss the nature of the soul and its capacities, it is not obvious that they articulate a theory of mind as we know it. In the course of the De Anima, Aristotle takes psychology to be the branch of science which investigates the soul and its properties, a position that Shields points out may strike modern readers as odd. ...

  2. 3D-mallinnuksen ja visualisoinnin hyödyntäminen asennusohjeessa

    OpenAIRE

    Tumelius, Hanne-Mari

    2015-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tilaajana oli oululainen mekaniikkasuunnitteluyritys Conseptas Oy. Työn tavoitteena oli tehdä kuvallinen ohjeistus ja animaatio samasta asennuksesta ja vertailla niitä keskenään. Tavoitteena oli myös käyttää ilmaista Blender-ohjelmaa animaation tekemiseen. Työn aikana paneuduttiin mallinnusteoriaan ja visualisointiin. CAD-ohjelmilla kappale mallinnetaan parametrisesti. Mallinnuksessa voidaan käyttää Bottom-up- tai Top-Down-suunnittelua. Suunnittelutöissä käytetään usein eri...

  3. SYMBELT-telan beltinvaihdon 3D-visualisointi

    OpenAIRE

    Hyvönen, Heikki

    2010-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön toimeksiantajana toimi Movya Imageneering Oy, jolta Metso Paper oli tilannut 3D-animaation paperikoneen puristinosan SymBelt-telan beltinvaihdosta. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli 3D-visualisoida beltinvaihto selkeäksi ja havainnolliseksi animaatioksi Metso Paperin asiakaskoulutukseen. Opinnäytetyön tietoperustassa on kuvattu 3D-visualisointiprojektin eteneminen. Työssä kuvataan, mitä vaiheita visualisointiprojekti sisältää, ja miten ne sijoittuvat tuotantoputkessa. Tietoperus...

  4. 3D-pelin NPC-hahmon animaatio

    OpenAIRE

    Hautoniemi, Julianna

    2015-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön toimeksiantajana toimi GameHunger projects, joka on aloitteleva pelinkehittäjätiimi. Tiimillä on työn alla heidän ensimmäinen 3D-videopeli. Tavoitteena oli luoda yhdelle pelin lintumaisista NPC-hahmoista animaatiota erilaisia pelitilanteita varten. Hahmoanimaatio luotiin alusta loppuun 3ds Max -ohjelmalla. Animaatio-ohjelmistoa voidaan kuitenkin joutua vaihtamaan kesken pelinkehitysprosessin. Jatkokehityksen kannalta tavoitteena oli selvittää, kuinka 3ds Maxilla luotua anima...

  5. Evidence for incorporation of intact dietary pyrimidine (but not purine) nucleosides into hepatic RNA.

    OpenAIRE

    Berthold, H K; Crain, P F; Gouni, I; Reeds, P J; Klein, P D

    1995-01-01

    The absorption and metabolism of dietary nucleic acids have received less attention than those of other organic nutrients, largely because of methodological difficulties. We supplemented the rations of poultry and mice with the edible alga Spirulina platensis, which had been uniformly labeled with 13C by hydroponic culture in 13CO2. The rations were ingested by a hen for 4 wk and by four mice for 6 days; two mice were fed a normal diet and two were fed a nucleic acid-deficient diet. The anima...

  6. NEŠTO O RESTRUKTURIRANJU

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Komentirajući pozitivno izvješće Agencije Fitch glede kreditnog rejtinga, ocjenjujući ga stabilnim, što daje određenu nadu za skori napredak hrvatskoga gospodarstva, premjer i članovi Vlade zahvalili su građanima na strpljenju i najavili daljnje zadaće neophodne za rast gospodarstva. Na pitanje što je najnužnije učiniti u državnim poduzećima, ministar financija odgovorio je kako ih ponajprije treba restrukturirati, navodeći kao primjer Hrvatske željeznice, Hrvatske ceste, Hrvatske vode i Hrva...

  7. A Linguagem Motion Graphics nos Videoclipes Brasileiros

    OpenAIRE

    Herom Vargas; Luciano Souza

    2013-01-01

    Com o desenvolvimento das tecnologias digitais de edição, animação e pós-produção, a linguagem motion graphics se configurou como ferramenta criativa nas relações entre som e imagem. Este artigo tem como objetivo identificar e analisar aspectos inovadores da utilização da linguagem motion graphics nos videoclipes de artistas brasileiros, no período de 1990 a 2010. Por meio de categorias de avaliação relacionadas 1) aos softwares de composição visual, 2) à evolução da linguagem do clipe no per...

  8. A tactile awareness

    OpenAIRE

    Marnane, Aoife

    2014-01-01

    non-peer-reviewed Greek philosopher Aristotle deduced in his major treatise De Anima that without the sense of touch there could be no other senses “The first sense, the root and ground as it were of the other senses... the one which entitles a living thing to be called sensitive”.1 Our sense of touch has had a varied past, often underestimated; it has fallen in and out of favour though out history.2 Modern sense of touch is suppressed under the hegemony of visual advertisin...

  9. Razón práctica y argumentación en MacCormick: de la descripción a la justificación crítico-normativa

    OpenAIRE

    Suárez Llanos, Leonor

    2006-01-01

    En este artículo se parte del cambio de paradigma que se produce en el ámbito de la aplicación tras la II Guerra Mundial y que anima la “eclosión” de las teorías de la argumentación jurídica. En particular, y teniendo muy presente la importancia del nuevo iuspositivismo inclusivo frente al excluyente, se toma la concepción argumentativa del neoinstitucionalista D.N. MacCormick, de un lado, como paradigma desde el que comprender las nuevas pretensiones moralizadoras de la actividad ...

  10. Elokuva- ja pelianimaation kehitys ja laatuvertailu

    OpenAIRE

    Meripuu, Suvi-Helena

    2014-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena on kertoa animaatiosta kokonaisuudessaan. Siinä käydään läpi erilaisia animaatiotekniikoita, animaation historiaa sekä visuaalisia ilmaisutapoja, joiden avulla animaatio saadaan aikaiseksi. Tässä opinnäytetyössä tarkastellaan myös videopelejä ja kerrotaan, mitä ne yleensä ovat. Käydään myös läpi kaikkia yleisimpiä ja tunnetuimpia lajityyppejä, jotka esiintyvät pelikonsoleilla. Tavoitteena on vertailla, miten tunnettujen animaatiotuottajien animaatiot eroavat ...

  11. Present Status of the Large Mammals in the Kutai National Park, After a Large Scale Fire in East Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    DOI, Teruo; ドイ, テルオ; 土肥, 昭夫

    1988-01-01

    The forest of the Kutai National Park in East Kalimantan, Indonesia was burned by a large scale wild fires in 1982-1983. Just after the fire, Wirawan (1985) made a check list of mammals and reported that the existence of pockets of forest that were not affected by the fire and the survivals of some mammals in the area. A brief survey on large mammals was conducted in the same study area of Wirawan (1985) from August to September, 1986 by the methods of direct observation and anima...

  12. Epistemología del pensamiento complejo

    OpenAIRE

    José Manuel Juárez; Sonia Comboni Salinas

    2012-01-01

    Edgar Morin manifiesta que el pensamiento complejo se anima por tensión permanente entre la aspiración a un saber no dividido, no reducido, y la identificación de lo inacabado o incompleto de todo conocimiento. Por lo que es necesario tomar conciencia ante todo de la naturaleza y de las consecuencias de muchos paradigmas que ofenden el conocimiento y destruyen lo real. Es decir tratamos la realidad desde un punto de vista que cuenta con el todo y reconoce al individuo. Además acota sobre la e...

  13. Noviolencia, desobediencia civil y ejemplaridad

    OpenAIRE

    Alicia María de Mingo Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    Este artículo intenta mostrar la íntima conexión entre el espíritu que anima la noviolenciaen Mahatma Gandhi y la modalidad de práctica de dicha noviolencia que representala desobediencia civil. No sólo se aborda aquella noviolencia y esta desobediencia en susrasgos básicos, destacándose la perplejidad que suscita la noviolencia en su asimetría eirreprocidad (respecto al acto agresivo), sino que expresamente se intenta articularlasde cara a pensar la relevancia de ambos conceptos para una edu...

  14. Desarrollo andino: sustentable y con identidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Guerrero Jiménez

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El concepto del desarrollo ocupa buena parte de la agenda de los Estados y los gobiernos en América Latina. Sin embargo, esta idea esconde algunos supuestos que en este artículo discutimos. El desarrollo y su vinculación a la identidad cultural, al territorio, contraviene la idea hegemónica que anima a este concepto nacido en Occidente. Analizamos el itinerario en América Latina y lo ubicamos en el Norte Grande de Chile, enfatizando las ideas centrales desde los años sesenta adelante del siglo XX. Finalizamos argumentando a favor del llamado posdesarrollo.

  15. Thomas Aquinas:philosophy and pedagogy - doi: 10.4025/actascieduc.v34i1.16083

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Jean Lauand

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the connection between philosophy and education in Thomas Aquinas. In his Philosophical Anthropology there are three aspects very important for education today: the affirmation of matter as an essential in human being, the primacy of prudentia over the cardinal virtues and his philosophia negativa (and theologia negativa. The intrinsec union spirit-matter, anima forma corporis has important pedagogical consequences, both in intellectual and in moral education. And it is the basis for his Treatise On Prudence, which presupposes his negative perspective too.

  16. Brainy light sensors with no diffraction limitations

    CERN Document Server

    Caulfild, H J; Ludman, J; Ludman, Jacques

    2007-01-01

    In total ignorance of what a scene contains, imaging systems are extremely useful. But if we know the scene will be comprised of no more than a few distant point sources, nonimaging systems may achieve better accuracy in a smaller, more rugged, and less expensive manner. We show here that those advantages can be realized in a wide variety of designs. All can beat the diffraction limit under the proper circumstances. We call these sensors "brainy" in analogy to anima; vision which uses poor optics processed by a wonderful computer - a brain.

  17. La integración económica centroamericana y los nuevos escenarios de la integración latinoamericana1

    OpenAIRE

    Guerra-Borges, Alfredo

    2013-01-01

    Note portant sur l’auteur Breve referencia histórica El propósito que nos anima al hacer la presentación que se nos ha confiado sobre el Mercado Común Centroamericano es referirnos a situaciones actuales, pero en atención a nuestra diversificada audiencia permítaseme principiar por hacer un breve recuento de antecedentes. El proceso de integración de Centroamérica (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras y Nicaragua) se institucionalizó con base en tres convenios fundamentales: el Tratad...

  18. En diálogo con los artículos del dossier psicoanálisis y filosofía. ¿Hay un diálogo posible?

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández, Ana María

    2010-01-01

    A partir de la pregunta que anima este número de la revista ¿hay un diálogo posible entre el psicoanálisis y la filosofía? el presente artículo tiene como cometido realizar un dialogo con algunos autores del Dossier, tomando como punto de referencia los trabajos en los cuales está presente cierta problematización del psicoanálisis a través de los trabajos de Foucault. The main question that brings about this new issue of the Journal is about the possible or impossible dialog between psycho...

  19. En diálogo con los artículos del dossier psicoanálisis y filosofía. ¿Hay un diálogo posible?/In dialogue with the articles of dossier psychoanalysis and phylosophy. Is there a possible dialogue?

    OpenAIRE

    Ana María Fernández

    2010-01-01

    A partir de la pregunta que anima este número de la revista ¿hay un diálogo posible entre el psicoanálisis y la filosofía? el presente artículo tiene como cometido realizar un dialogo con algunos autores del Dossier, tomando como punto de referencia los trabajos en los cuales está presente cierta problematización del psicoanálisis a través de los trabajos de Foucault. The main question that brings about this new issue of the Journal is about the possible or impossible dialog between psychoana...

  20. Viabilidade da realização de espirometria em pré-escolares Feasibility of spirometry in preschool children

    OpenAIRE

    Tiago Neves Veras; Leonardo Araujo Pinto

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Determinar a taxa de sucesso na obtenção de resultados adequados de espirometria em pacientes pré-escolares. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados os resultados de espirometrias de crianças menores que 6 anos. Todos os testes foram realizados no Laboratório de Função Pulmonar do Hospital Infantil Jeser Amarante Faria, em Joinville (SC) entre junho de 2009 e fevereiro de 2010. O programa utilizado continha um incentivo de animação (bolhas de sabão).Os procedimentos foram realizados por um pneumo...

  1. Conceptos de naturaleza y paisaje (I)

    OpenAIRE

    Huidobro Pérez-Villamil, Javier

    1989-01-01

    El locus animae entendido como lugar sagrado, desde el diálogo clásico en adelante, tomará especial sentido mediante el pensamiento alegórico medieval. La identidad primitiva entre los dioses y determinados objetos o lugares, considerada como relación simpática entre la alteración del paisaje y de la inconsciencia, posibilitó la analogía de lugares específicos con ideas abstractas. La divinidad fue buscada tanto en ambientes naturales (grutas) o artificiales (templos) como e...

  2. La privatización de la ciencia y el conocimiento: el cercamiento de los bienes comunes. Las patentes en biotecnología: el caso de las secuencias genéticas

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Sánchez Padrón

    2003-01-01

    La privatización de áreas insospechadas del patrimonio colectivo de la humanidad ha adquirido en los últimos años carta de naturaleza. Uno de los instrumentos principales para abrir el sendero y legitimar dicha privatización son las patentes. El análisis de estas entidades legales se tropieza, sin embargo, con su interdisciplinariedad. En las patentes confluyen tres espacios: la economía, las leyes y la tecnología. El espíritu que anima este trabajo es construir un puente entre estos espacios...

  3. Mixtum compositum: oniric image in the analytical treatment of a Transsexual FtM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Gullì

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the process of individuation of a transsexual female to male using the dream analysis in Jungian perspectives. The dreams were amplified using fairy-tales, alchemy, and archetypes theory. After a description of some dreams of the beginning of therapy it was suggest that was symbolized image of androgynous as representation of emersion of the archetypes of Anima and Animus and the integration of this image can facilitated individuation process and Self constellation. It seems that take place in a dream with a Self image confirming that analytical process can facilitate personal growth and the integration between consciousness and unconsciousness.

  4. Analysis on Miss Havisham in "Great Expectations" from the Perspective of Archetype%从原型角度看《远大前程》中的郝维仙小姐

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭荣

    2008-01-01

    瑞士著名心理学家荣格的原型理论有四个重要方面:人格面具(persona)、阴影(shadow)、阿妮玛(anima)和阿妮姆斯(animus)、自性(self).从以上四个方面来挖掘和分析中的郝维仙这一悲剧女性形象具有重要的意义,她的悲剧有着其自身的人格面具、阴影、阿妮玛和阿妮姆斯、自性等心理因素.

  5. Deporte después de una jornada laboral ajetreada: los fallos cognitivos en el trabajo se relacionan con comportamientos arriesgados y con sufrir lesiones atléticas

    OpenAIRE

    Achim Elfering; Simone Grebner; Lynn Schwander; Mirjam Wattinger

    2014-01-01

    Generalmente se anima a los trabajadores a realizar ejercicio después de su jornada laboral para que se mantengan en buena forma física, no obstante, debe evitarse que se lesionen. Las lesiones deportivas que ocurren después de la jornada laboral parecen estar en parte relacionadas con el trabajo y se pueden prevenir. Este estudio examina si los fallos cognitivos median la influencia que ejercen las exigencias mentales laborales y la responsabilidad sobre la asunción de riesgos y el comportam...

  6. Lista preliminar dos platelmintes e anelídeos (Platyhelminthes e Annelida) terrestres dos arquipélagos da madeira e das selvagens

    OpenAIRE

    Paulo A V Borges

    2008-01-01

    Apresenta -se uma lista preliminar dos filos Platyhelminthes e Annelida terrestres dos arquipélagos da Madeira e Selvagens. Com base na recente lista de espécies animais terrestres da Europa, projecto “Fauna Europaea” (http://www.faunaeur.org), listam -se sete espécies de platelmintes e 36 espécies de anelídeos terrestres. Em adição aos grupos de animais listados em detalhe em outros capítulos deste livro (Nematoda, Mollusca, Arthropoda, Chordata), a diversidade de dois outros grupos de anima...

  7. Hydrology of coal-lease areas near Durango, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Tom

    1985-01-01

    The U.S. Bureau of Land Management leases Federal lands and minerals for coal mining near Durango, Colorado. This report addresses the hydrologic suitability of those lands for coal leasing; the report describes the general hydrology of the Durango area and, more specifically, the hydrology of the Stollsteimer Creek study area 32 miles east of the Durango and the Hay Gulch study area, 12 miles southwest of Durango. The most productive aquifers in the Durango study area are Quaternary alluvium and the tertiary Animas Formation. Water wells completed in alluvium typically yield 5 to 20 gallons/min; wells completed is the Animas Formation yield as much as 50 gallons/min. Water quality in these aquifers is variable, but it generally is suitable for domestic use. The coal-bearing Cretaceous Fruitland and Menefee Formations are mined by surface methods at the Chimney Rock Mine in the Stollsteimer Creek study area and by underground methods at the National King Coal Mine in the Hay Gulch study area. Effects of surface mining in the Stollsteimer Creek area are: (1) Dewatering of an alluvial aquifer; and (2) Local degradation of alluvium water quality by spoil-pile effluent. Effects of underground mining in the Hay Gulch area are: (1) Introduction of water with greater dissolved-solids concentrations into the upper Hay Gulch alluvium from mine runoff; (2) Subsidence fracturing which could dewater streams and the alluvial aquifer. (USGS)

  8. La ciencia del alma en IBN Bayya (Avempace

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lomba, Joaquín

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Não possui resumo em portugês El objetivo de este trabajo es la interpretación de del más importante aspecto de la filosofía de Ibn Bayya (Avempace a base de la lectura de su Kitab al nafs, primer comentario del De anima de Aristóteles en Occidente. Este estudio sobre el alma es, para Avempace, constituye la principal ciencia porque sin el análisis de la propia alma es imposible conocer el resto de las ciencias y del mundo. Este autor, en todas sus obras encentra el ideal del filósofo y del hombre sabio, sobre todo, en la progresiva desmaterialización de toda su vida. Este objetivo se obtiene mediante el transcendeer de tres formas de vida, concretamente, las formas materiales, el primer nivel espiritual y, por fin, el segundo nivel espiritual. La culminación de este itinerario es alcanzar el segundo nivel espiritual, concretamente, la unión con el Intelecto Agente mediante un misticismo espiritual o «amor Dei intellectualis». Los materiales básicos de esta filosofía están conteniddos en este comentario al aristotélico al De anima. $$bspa

  9. Tomás de Aquino: filosofia e pedagogia = Thomas Aquinas:philosophy and pedagogy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Jean Lauand

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a conexão ente filosofia e educação em Tomás de Aquino. Em sua antropologia filosófica, destacam-se três aspectos de grande atualidade para a educação hoje: a valorização da matéria no ser do homem, a primazia da virtude da prudência entre as virtudes cardeais e a philosophia negativa (e theologia negativa. A intrínseca união entre espírito e matéria, anima forma corporis tem também importantes consequências pedagógicas, tanto para a educação intelectual quanto para a moral. E está na base de seu De prudentia, que pressupõe também sua perspectiva negativa.This article discusses the connection between philosophy and education in Thomas Aquinas. In his Philosophical Anthropology there are three aspects very important for education today: the affirmation of matter as an essential in human being, the primacy of prudentia over the cardinal virtues and his philosophia negativa (and theologia negativa. The intrinsec union spirit-matter, anima forma corporis has important pedagogical consequences, both in intellectual and in moral education. And it is the basis for his Treatise On Prudence, which presupposes his negative perspective too.

  10. Evaluation of geothermal potential of Rio Grande rift and Basin and Range province, New Mexico. Final technical report, January 1, 1977-May 31, 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Callender, J.F.

    1985-04-01

    A study was made of the geological, geochemical and geophysical characteristics of potential geothermal areas in the Rio Grande rift and Basin and Range province of New Mexico. Both regional and site-specific information is presented. Data was collected by: (1) reconnaissance and detailed geologic mapping, emphasizing Neogene stratigraphy and structure; (2) petrologic studies of Neogene igneous rocks; (3) radiometric age-dating; (4) geochemical surveying, including regional and site-specific water chemistry, stable isotopic analyses of thermal waters, whole-rock and mineral isotopic studies, and whole-rock chemical analyses; and (5) detailed geophysical surveys, using electrical, gravity and magnetic techniques, with electrical resistivity playing a major role. Regional geochemical water studies were conducted for the whole state. Integrated site-specific studies included the Animas Valley, Las Cruces area (Radium Springs and Las Alturas Estates), Truth or Consequences region, the Albuquerque basin, the San Ysidro area, and the Abiquiu-Ojo Caliente region. The Animas Valley and Las Cruces areas have the most significant geothermal potential of the areas studied. The Truth or Consequences and Albuquerque areas need further study. The San Ysidro and Abiquiu-Ojo Caliente regions have less significant geothermal potential. 78 figs., 16 tabs.

  11. Assessment of historical surface-water quality data in southwestern Colorado, 1990-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Lisa D.; Schaffrath, Keelin R.; Linard, Joshua I.

    2013-01-01

    The spatial and temporal distribution of selected physical and chemical surface-water-quality characteristics were analyzed at stream sites throughout the Dolores and San Juan River Basins in southwestern Colorado using historical data collected from 1990 through 2005 by various local, State, Tribal, and Federal agencies. Overall, streams throughout the study area were well oxygenated. Values of pH generally were near neutral to slightly alkaline throughout most of the study area with the exception of the upper Animas River Basin near Silverton where acidic conditions existed at some sites because of hydrothermal alteration and(or) historical mining. The highest concentrations of dissolved aluminum, total recoverable iron, dissolved lead, and dissolved zinc were measured at sites located in the upper Animas River Basin. Thirty-two sites throughout the study area had at least one measured concentration of total mercury that exceeded the State chronic aquatic-life criterion of 0.01 μg/L. Concentrations of dissolved selenium at some sites exceeded the State chronic water-quality standard of 4.6 μg/L. Total ammonia, nitrate, nitrite, and total phosphorus concentrations generally were low throughout the study area. Overall, results from the trend analyses indicated improvement in water-quality conditions as a result of operation of the Paradox Valley Unit in the Dolores River Basin and irrigation and water-delivery system improvements made in the McElmo Creek Basin (Lower San Juan River Basin) and Mancos River Valley (Upper San Juan River Basin).

  12. Parque Verde do Mondego: gestão e uso público

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuli Della Volpi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo se refere a um estudo de caso que teve como recorte espacial o Parque Verde do Mondego, localizado às margens do Rio Mondego, na cidade de Coimbra, em Portugal. A pesquisa teve como objetivo compreender a gestão da área e o uso público do espaço. Para tanto, realizou-se, inicialmente, uma pesquisa bibliográfica e documental; em seguida, foram feitas diversas visitas ao parque e, por fim, uma entrevista com o responsável pela administração do local. Pôde-se, por meio do estudo, compreender o processo de criação do Parque Verde do Mondego, sua concessão para as empresas privadas, realizada por meio de concursos públicos, e seu uso pela população da cidade de Coimbra. Foram verificados ainda a carência de atividades de animação sociocultural na área – embora exista na cidade de Coimbra um curso de graduação em Animação Socioeducativa –, os conflitos existentes entre setor público e privado, além de determinados problemas que atingem atualmente o parque, como as inundações causadas pelas cheias do Rio Mondego.

  13. Pedro Ventura de Puga, último señor de la Casa de Fontefiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leirós de la Peña, Paz

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on documentation from Casa de Fontefiz kept in the AHPOR. The documents cover the period from the sixteenth to nineteenth century and provide information about the patrimony of the house, its social position and the political activities of Pedro Ventura de Puga during the firts half of the nineteenth century. The first part is focused on the origin and evolution of patrimony, way of living, nobility abuses (including social and sexual aspects, and the difficulties to keep the social status. In the second part, Pedro Ventura plays the main role: his participation in the War of Independence and the building of the liberal state. He is a relevant character to undestand the adaptation of nobility to an age of political changes and social ad economical survivals. The defense of the constitution and his participation in the liberal regime is compatible with the maintenance of a economy based on the collection of taxes and nobility titles. Pedro Ventura is politically registered as a moderate liberalist.

    Este trabajo está basado en la documentación de la Casa de Fontefiz, conservada en al AHPOR. Los documentos abarcan desde el siglo XVI al XIX y nos aportan información sobre el patrimonio de la Casa, su posición social y las actividades políticas de Pedro Ventura de Puga en la primera mitad del siglo XIX. La primera parte se centra en el origen y evolución del patrimonio, modo de vida, abusos de la hidalguía en el plano social y sexual y las dificultades para mantener el stuatus social. La segunda parte tiene como protagonista a Pedro Ventura de Puga, su participación en la Guerra de la Independencia y en la construcción del estado liberal. Es una figura clave para entender la adaptación de la hidalguía a una época de cambios políticos y de pervivencias sociales y económicas. La defensa de la Constitución y la participación en el régimen liberal es compatible con el mantenimiento de una econocmía basada en

  14. Poder económico y prestigio social afines del siglo XVII. Una indagación sobre las dotes de las nobles castellanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luz González Mezquita

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo propone el estudio de las dotes desde una perspectiva diferente a las realizadas desde una óptica exclusivamente económica, teniendo en cuenta que la historia entendida como proceso implica nociones de mediación, causación, contradicción y organización sistemática, en ocasiones estructurante de la vida social, política, económica e intelectual. El estudio de fuentes primarias permite una aproximación tanto a las relaciones intranobiliarias centradas en estrategias familiares para la consolidación de linajes como a la política del monarca en relación con la nobleza que intenta explicar desde la historia política y social la simbiosis entre la Corona y los titulados. A pesar de la "crisis" de los patrimonios nobiliarios desde fines del siglo XVI, las dotes eran imprescindibles ante la realización de un matrimonio y esto producía muchas veces un desfasaje entre los ingresos y los gastos. El endeudamiento se cubría en estas oportunidades con préstamos o favores regios. En cualquier caso, factores ideológicos, de ordenamiento social, de poder, las hacían necesarias como mecanismo a través de los cuales se llevaba a la práctica la reproducción del sistema socialThis work proposes the study of dowries from a different perspective to those carried out from an exclusively economic optic, keeping in mind that history understood as a process implies mediation and contradiction notions and systematic organization, in occasions structuring the social, politic, economic and intellectual life. The study of primary sources allows an approximation at the same time to the relationships inside the nobility centered in family strategies for the consolidation of Iineages, and to the king's politics in connection with the nobility that tries to explain from political and social history, the symbiosis among the Crown and the nobility. In spite of the "crisis" of the nobiliary patrimonies from the late XVIth century, the dowries were

  15. Coesão e diversificação: os descendentes da nobreza na França, no final do século XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique de Saint Martin

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Como analisar um antigo grupo, o dos descendentes da nobreza, inventado e reinventado diversas vezes no curso de sua história, suprimido da Constituição e a seguir reabilitado de modo mais ou menos visível, e que, na França, bem como em outros países, não cessa de se desagregar? Como pensar a extrema diversidade e a unidade relativa desse conjunto, das quais é preciso também indagar se são ou não fictícias? Mais, talvez, que os recursos simbólicos comuns, o que contribui para a manutenção de uma forma de coesão é a densidade das relações e das trocas de toda sorte entre eles. Mas essa coesão tende a tornar-se cada vez mais difícil. No atual estado da pesquisa, parece que os descendentes da nobreza não podem ser analisados como um corpo nem como um grupo relativo ­ ainda que essas interpretações mereçam atenção ­, e sim como um espaço, sob condição de que se examine a dinâmica e os processos que o atravessam.How should one analyze the descendants of the nobility in France? This ancient group has been invented and re-invented many times along its history. The Constitution suppressed it, then later on it was quite visibly rehabilitated, and it is always becoming disaggregated, in France as well as in other countries. How should one approach both this group's extreme diversity and its relative unity, which also have to be questioned as to their fictitiousness? Maybe the dense relationships and exchanges of all sorts between the descendants of the nobility contribute to the maintenance of some form of cohesion more than the symbolic resources they have in common. But this cohesion is becoming ever more difficult. At the present moment of the research, it seems that the descendants of the nobility cannot be analyzed neither as a body nor as a relative group ­ even though these interpretations deserve attention ­ but rather as a space, as long as the dynamism and the processes that crosscut it are analyzed as well.

  16. Child Soldiers: Tropes of Innocence and Terror

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    David Rosen

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The story of child soldiers in the Western imagination is a story of symbolic reversals. Where the image of the child soldier once denoted public virtue and the nobility of sacrifice, it now stands for virtually everything that is wrong with war. Children were frequently present in the military through much of the 19th century (Aries 1962, p. 193. But by the middle of the 19th century, most Western nations had begun to reduce or eliminate the presence of children in their armed forces. The change was slow and erratic, however, so that even during World War I the heroic and patriotic child soldier, typically a boy sailor or soldier, remained a central image in the ideology of war and conflict (Conley 2009.

  17. [Ag25(SR)18]¯: The ‘Golden’ Silver Nanoparticle

    KAUST Repository

    Joshi, Chakra P

    2015-08-31

    Silver nanoparticles with an atomically precise molecular formula [Ag25(SR)18]¯ (‒SR: thiolate) are synthesized and their single-crystal structure is determined. This synthesized nanocluster is the only silver nanoparticle that has a virtually identical analogue in gold, i.e., [Au25(SR)18]¯, in terms of number of metal atoms, ligand count, super-atom electronic configuration, and atomic arrangement. Furthermore, both [Ag25(SR)18]¯ and its gold analogue share a number of features in their optical absorption spectra. This unprecedented molecular synthesis in silver to mimic gold offers the first model nanoparticle platform to investigate the centuries-old problem of understanding the fundamental differences between silver and gold in terms of nobility, catalytic activity, and optical property.

  18. Un tratado de nobleza de un regidor coruñés de principios del siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Hurtado, Manuel Reyes

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available We present the publication and annotated study of a treatise on nobility written about 1621 by Juan Melio de Sande, an councillor from A Coruña. We emphasise the characteristics common to these kinds of texts and we try to clarify the author’s motives. In his format, argument, and authorities referred to, he could only follow the most reputable specialists on the subject of genealogy at that time.

    Presentamos la publicación y el estudio anotado de un tratado de nobleza redactado hacia 1621 por el regidor de A Coruña Juan Melio de Sande. Hacemos hincapié en las características comunes a este tipo de textos e intentamos dilucidar las motivaciones de su autor. En su formato, argumentación y autoridades empleadas no hace sino seguir a los más reputados especialistas en materia nobiliaria de su tiempo.

  19. Trame di Pace. Simboli, carte, azioni di un’utopia possibile. 1945-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Baiesi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available La mostra racconta la storia degli uomini e delle donne che hanno ragionato di pace non più come di una nobile speranza, ma come dell’unica chance di salvezza per l’umanità. La scansione cronologica, per decenni, parte dal 1945 e arriva al 2003 con la diffusione della bandiera arcobaleno in occasione della campagna «Pace da tutti i balconi», nata per scongiurare il secondo conflitto in Iraq. Al centro della mostra un percorso sui simboli che sono stati inventati, ripresi, risignificati in diversi contesti, movimenti radicali del pacifismo antimilitarista e nonviolento e movimenti contro singole guerre. Accompagnano i materiali iconografici (bandiere e manifesti originali, opere d’arte del maestro Anastasi, due percorsi documentari con immagini d’epoca, locandine, testi di decreti, opuscoli, volantini, articoli di quotidiani e riviste.

  20. The art of providing anaesthesia in Greek mythology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntaidou, T K; Siempos, I I

    2012-07-01

    We endeavored to thoroughly review Greek mythology and collect tales dealing with anaesthesia and myochalasis (paralysis). Among the evaluated sources were the poems of Hesiod, the epics of Homer, the tragedies of the great Athenian poets (namely Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides) as well as the contributions of several Latin writers, including Ovid. We found several examples of achieving hypnosis, analgesia and amnesia through the administration of drugs (inhaled or not) and music. Adverse events of drugs used for this purpose, such as post-anaesthetic emergence delirium, hallucinations, respiratory arrest and penis erection, were described in the presented myths. We noted that providing sleep was considered a divine privilege, although several mortals (mainly women) exhibited such powers as well. The concepts of sleep and death were closely associated in ancient classical thought. This review may stimulate anaesthetists' fantasy and may help them realise the nobility of their medical specialty. PMID:23230686

  1. Cuzco and Rome, Peruvians and Andalucians in Inca Garcilaso’s work

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    Fermín Del Pino Díaz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I offer a socio-cultural explanation of Inca Garcilaso’s Romanist program, taking into account the analysis of his biographical anchorages in both Perú and Spain, specially his andalusian experience. To do so, I follow the social events he lived through (the recent conquest of the Islamic world and presence of Jewish converts, as well as the more cultural aspects of his stay in Spain (Royal and nobility classicism, relationship with the Jesuits. By broadening the scope of the interpretation of his texts, we are no longer talking merely about an individual and isolated (if aristocratic experience, nor about a merely religious or literary option (even if it is expressed in such a way.

  2. Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with bright future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, Janmejai K; Shankar, Eswar; Gupta, Sanjay

    2010-01-01

    Chamomile is one of the most ancient medicinal herbs known to mankind. It is a member of Asteraceae/Compositae family and represented by two common varieties viz. German Chamomile (Chamomilla recutita) and Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile). The dried flowers of chamomile contain many terpenoids and flavonoids contributing to its medicinal properties. Chamomile preparations are commonly used for many human ailments such as hay fever, inflammation, muscle spasms, menstrual disorders, insomnia, ulcers, wounds, gastrointestinal disorders, rheumatic pain, and hemorrhoids. Essential oils of chamomile are used extensively in cosmetics and aromatherapy. Many different preparations of chamomile have been developed, the most popular of which is in the form of herbal tea consumed more than one million cups per day. In this review we describe the use of chamomile in traditional medicine with regard to evaluating its curative and preventive properties, highlight recent findings for its development as a therapeutic agent promoting human health. PMID:21132119

  3. The ethnopharmacology of Madeira and Porto Santo Islands, a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, D; Obón, C

    1995-05-01

    The ethnopharmacology of Madeira and Porto Santo Islands is extremely interesting because of the cultural and biogeographic features of this region, which make it a centre of medicinal plant diversity (richness of endemic flora, geographical isolation in the Atlantic sea, crosscultural influences, and past abundance of local healers). The medicinal flora of Madeira is composed of 259 species. Some noteworthy medicinal taxa, endemic or locally relevant, are: Acanthus mollis, Aeonium glandulosum, Aeonium glutinosum, Bidens pilosa, Borago officinalis, Chamaemelum nobile var. discoideum, Culcita macrocarpa, Echium nervosum, Euphorbia platiphylla, Helichrysum melaleucum, Helichrysum obconicum, Hypericum glandulosum, Hypericum humifussum, Kleinia repens, Laurus azorica, Monizia edulis, Ocotea foetens, Psoralea bituminosa, Rubus bollei, Rumex maderensis, Sambucus lanceolata, Scilla maderensis, Sedum brissemoretii, Sedum farinosum, Sedum nudum, Sibthorpia peregrina, Teucrium betonicum, Thymus caespititius, Trifolium squamosum and Vaccinium padifolium. Among the medicinal cryptogams, one can underline the parasitic fungus Laurobasidium lauri, which grows on the stems of Laurus azorica and is used as an antirheumatic, haemostatic, emmenagogue, insecticide and analeptic. PMID:7650952

  4. A diagnosis of strangeness. Brzozowski’s Anti-Sienkiewicz campaign as a dispute about Polish identity

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    Krzysztof Fiołek

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay discusses the Anti-Sienkiewicz campaign briefly. The affair happened in 1903 in the Warsaw weekly magazine “Głos”, but was written up in many Polish newspapers. Stanisław Brzozowski (1878-1911, the beginning publicist, literary critic and novelist spoke against Sienkiewicz’s famous works. Sienkiewicz’s main novels have been criticised for their conservatism and lack of social progressiveness, although they display great narrative power and contain vivid characterisations in a style full of imagery. The lack of national independence created greater reverence towards national history in 19th century Polish literature. Sienkiewicz felt a close bond with the Polish nobility. Brzozowski tried to put his own philosophy of culture and his concept of the “philosophy of labour” into practice. He spoke as am exponent of Polish modernism and socialism.

  5. Product Policy of a University Education Institutions in Romania

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    Claudia PETCU

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In order to decide on an education necesity one has to answer the question “What and who do we organize a certain educational process or system for and why do we organize it in a certain way and not otherwize?”. In order to decide on an education necessity one must also answer the question “What social problems does the educational process or system we devised solve?”. The problem of lifelong in-service training is important for supporting the workforce change, being the main instrument it uses in order to adjust to the new requirements, this enabling its nobility among differerent fields of activity.

  6. An ansatz for solving nonlinear partial differential equations in mathematical physics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbar, M Ali; Ali, Norhashidah Hj Mohd

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we introduce an ansatz involving exact traveling wave solutions to nonlinear partial differential equations. To obtain wave solutions using direct method, the choice of an appropriate ansatz is of great importance. We apply this ansatz to examine new and further general traveling wave solutions to the (1+1)-dimensional modified Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation. Abundant traveling wave solutions are derived including solitons, singular solitons, periodic solutions and general solitary wave solutions. The solutions emphasize the nobility of this ansatz in providing distinct solutions to various tangible phenomena in nonlinear science and engineering. The ansatz could be more efficient tool to deal with higher dimensional nonlinear evolution equations which frequently arise in many real world physical problems. PMID:26783508

  7. Amor Hereos: Understanding Love as Sickness in Fernando De Rojas’ La Celestina

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    Maja Šabec

    2008-12-01

    Surprisingly, the main features of amor hereos match the role and discourse of a lover in courtly literature: in both cases, the main characters come from the ranks of nobility; they fall in love at first sight, idealize the beloved woman, fall ill because of their unfulfilled (sexual desire for the woman, and may even die. Although both scholarly and literary texts create the idea that this illness occupied the entire representational world, the discussions merely list “theoretical” records on the illness, its causes, and its consequences; however, there are no medical reports on any concrete cases of amor hereos. Therefore, the assumption legitimately arises that this illness was not part of social practice and ideology at all, and was thus merely a set of scholarly and literary conventions.

  8. The art of providing anaesthesia in Greek mythology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntaidou, T K; Siempos, I I

    2012-07-01

    We endeavored to thoroughly review Greek mythology and collect tales dealing with anaesthesia and myochalasis (paralysis). Among the evaluated sources were the poems of Hesiod, the epics of Homer, the tragedies of the great Athenian poets (namely Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides) as well as the contributions of several Latin writers, including Ovid. We found several examples of achieving hypnosis, analgesia and amnesia through the administration of drugs (inhaled or not) and music. Adverse events of drugs used for this purpose, such as post-anaesthetic emergence delirium, hallucinations, respiratory arrest and penis erection, were described in the presented myths. We noted that providing sleep was considered a divine privilege, although several mortals (mainly women) exhibited such powers as well. The concepts of sleep and death were closely associated in ancient classical thought. This review may stimulate anaesthetists' fantasy and may help them realise the nobility of their medical specialty.

  9. Adats and Their Influence on the Social Structure and Legal Relations in the Community of Highland Peoples in Late XIX Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena S. Shavlоkhova

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article raises the question of entering the Caucasus into the composition of the Russian Empire and multiple problems and tasks, requiring the solution in the late 19th century. Of interest were the data of how the self-administration of the different population categories in the second half of the 19th century was realized, when the question came up of the highland nobility rights equialization with the rights of the Russian noblemen, for what the considerable part of the highland aristocracy stroke vigorously. The description of class gradation of the highland societies, such as Kabardinian, Adygei, Ossetian is given. Caucasian noblemen were nothing more than the petty liegemen of the princes. By the end of the 19th century the class division preserved its value only in everyday life: each family name bore the stamp of its origin.

  10. NOI CONTRIBUŢII DOCUMENTARE REFERITOARE LA NEAMUL VĂRZĂREŞTILOR. RAMURA „TRANSNISTREANĂ”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergiu BACALOV

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Boierii Varzari au reprezentat o veche familie de nobili din Principatul Moldovei. Aceştia au jucat un rol important în istoria teritoriului carpato-nistrean. Câteva documente de arhivă inedite evidenţiază unele aspecte noi privind familia nobilă Varzari şi activitatea membrilor acesteia din regiunile Ekaterinoslav şi Herson.NEW DOCUMENTS ABOUT “TRANSNISTRIAN” BRANCH OF VARZARI FAMILYThe boyars Varzari represented an old family of nobles of the Principality of Moldova. They played an important role in the history of the Carpathian-Dnistrian territory. A few inedite archival documents highlight new aspects concerning noble family Varzari in Ecaterinoslav and Herson regions.

  11. The Deified Courtier: Pagan Spectacles in El burlador de Sevilla

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    Frederick A. de Armas

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This essay looks at pagan disguises utilized in plays and courtly entertainments of the Golden Age, focusing on El burlador de Sevilla. Don Juan and all those who surround him, turn to mythology, pretending to be deities and thus reflecting the theatrical culture of the court where the nobility often assumed such pagan guises. When he metamorphoses himself into Jupiter, don Juan reminds us that this particular guise was common in most European courts of the times were courtiers and kings imagined themselves as abiding in a new Olympus. Don Juan, then, defies society, utilizing the same symbols of power that served to exalt the Habsburgs. Don Juan’s power of metamorphosis is seen most clearly in Tisbea and Isabela who both play the part of Europa to the god/bull.

  12. Quando rey perdemos nunq[u]a bien nos fallamos. La muerte del rey en la Castilla del siglo XIII

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    Pérez Monzón, Olga

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the funeral spaces of the Castilian kings during the 13th century, and the iconography of their tombs as the reflection of a political ideational system tending toward the sanctification of the monarchy. This elevation of royalty provoked an open conflict with certain members of the nobility and the royal family, as well as a political and artistic response.

    El presente artículo trata sobre los ámbitos fúnebres de los reyes castellanos durante el siglo XIII y la particularidad iconográfica de sus monumentos tumulares como reflejo de un ideario político tendente a la sacralización de la monarquía. El encumbramiento de la realeza provocó un abierto conflicto con determinados miembros de la realeza y la familia real y una respuesta política y artística.

  13. Social Success among Peninsular Immigrants in Peru: Integration, Prestige and Memory

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    Jorge PÉREZ LEÓN

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the social strategies used by some Spaniards in Peru during the eighteenth century. After achieving a certain amount of prosperity through business or by holding positions in the administration, these individuals pursued acceptance and recognition from their neighbors, an aim that necessarily led to integration. Marrying Creole women, obtaining all kinds of honorary positions along with ennoblement and post mortem legacies and foundations were some of the strategies used. The choice of a group of candidates for a position of nobility as the study sample provides a model of the social practices adopted by these groups, which were growing and fighting for their place in Peruvian society. 

  14. Nuevas claves para la lectura de Cornelia Bororquia (1801

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    Ricardo Rodrigo Mancho

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available During the last XVIIIth. and first XIXth century's years, the use of éclairé thought encourages an atmosphere favourable to the Inquisition's abolition. Cornelia Boroquia o la víctima de la Inquisició's central axis is the Holy Court's censure. The ex-trinitarian Luis Gutiérrez narrates all along this roman the defenselessness of a girl in Inquisition's gaol. The roman argües for religious tolerance, following the way of thought belonging to certain enlightened christianity, although it does not approach the radical tone reached by other Spanish exiles. While Marchena's exíleradicalize his political speech so as his dream of a society without classes, Luis Gutiérrez takes a more possibilistical anf reformer way. He trusts on the descendants of the enlightened party of Sapanish nobility to be a key-element in the modernization of Spanish thought.

  15. Schirmorganisation der Nordischen Bewegung: Der Nordische Ring und seine Repräsentanten in Norwegen

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    Nicola Karcher

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Nordischer Ring [Nordic Ring], founded in 1926, aimed to unite all groups in the Nordic Movement and to make the Nordic Thought, drafted by Hans F. K. Günther, to the leading ideology in Germany. Until the enforced political conformity of Nordischer Ring through incorporation into Nordische Gesellschaft [Nordic Society] in 1936, Nordischer Ring was able to build up far-reaching contacts not only to völkisch circles and among the nobility, but also to the NSDAP. In addition, the collaboration, advanced by Günther, of Norwegian researchers on the topic of race played an important role for the goals of Nordischer Ring, which hoped, in a long term perspective, to be able to establish the Nordic Thought in Norway and the other Scandinavian countries. This article traces the emergence and development of Nordischer Ring until its incorporation with a special focus on the contacts with Norwegian researchers on the topic of race.

  16. Meta-heuristics in cellular manufacturing: A state-of-the-art review

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    Tamal Ghosh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Meta-heuristic approaches are general algorithmic framework, often nature-inspired and designed to solve NP-complete optimization problems in cellular manufacturing systems and has been a growing research area for the past two decades. This paper discusses various meta-heuristic techniques such as evolutionary approach, Ant colony optimization, simulated annealing, Tabu search and other recent approaches, and their applications to the vicinity of group technology/cell formation (GT/CF problem in cellular manufacturing. The nobility of this paper is to incorporate various prevailing issues, open problems of meta-heuristic approaches, its usage, comparison, hybridization and its scope of future research in the aforesaid area.

  17. Poets and athletes: Olympic winners and losers in early Greek lyric

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    William J. Henderson

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Ancient Greek society was extremely competitive; amongst the nobility especially there was the constant need for an ideal of achievement on the battlefield or athletics track and to integrate this into the family history. In the absence of the role the present-day media plays in our society, three poets in particular recorded, propagated and praised the achievements of athletes at the Olympic and other games: Simonides, Pindar and Bacchylides. For a winner they composed a special victory hymn, the epinikion, an elevated ode sung by a chorus with musical accompaniment. In this article extracts of such poems are analysed in order to illustrate the poets’ views regarding winners and losers.

  18. Development of an Accurate Low-cost Ultrasonic Localization System for Autonomous Mobile Robots in Indoor Environments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong-hwi KIM; Ui-kyu SONG; Byung-kook KIM

    2010-01-01

    An accurate low-cost ultrasonic localization system is developed for automated nobile robots in indoor environments,which is essential for automatic navigation of mobile robots with various tasks.Although ultrasonic sensors are more cost-effective than other sensors such as Laser Range Finder(LR F)and visit,but they are inaccurate and directionally ambiguous.First,the matched filter is used to measure the distance accurately.For resolving the computational complexity of the matched filter,a new matched filter algorithm with simple computation is proposed.Then,an ultrasonic localization system is peoposed which consists of three ultrasonic receivers and two or more transmitters for improving position and orientation accuracy was developed.Finally,an extended Kalman filter is designed to estimate both the static and dynamic positions and orientations.Various simulations and experimental results show that the proposed system is effective.

  19. Politicians, Patriots and Plotters: Unlikely Debates Occasioned by Maximilian Hell's Venus Transit Expedition of 1769

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kontler, Laszlo

    2013-05-01

    This paper discusses the cultural and political contexts and reception of the most important by-product of Maximilian Hell's famous Venus transit expedition of 1768-69, the Demonstratio. Idioma Ungarorum et Lapponum idem esse (1770) by Hell's associate Janos Sajnovics. Now considered a landmark in Finno-Ugrian linguistics, the Demonstratio addressed an academic subject that was at that time almost destined to be caught up in an ideological battlefield defined by the shifting relationship between the Habsburg government, the Society of Jesus, and the Hungarian nobility. The "enlightened absolutist" policies of the former aimed at consolidating the Habsburg monarchy as an empire, at the expense of privileged groups, including religious orders as well as the noble estates. In the situation created by the 1773 suppression of the Jesuit order (a signal of declining patronage from the dynasty), the growing preoccupation on the part of ex-Jesuits like Hell and Sajnovics with "things Hungarian" could have been part of an attempt to re-situate themselves on the Central European map of learning. At the same time, the founding document of this interest, the Demonstratio, evoked violent protests from the other target of Habsburg policies, the Hungarian nobility, because its basic assumptions - the kinship of the Hungarian and the Sami (Lappian) language - potentially undermined the noble ideology of social exclusiveness, established on the alleged "Scythian" ancestry of Hungarians. By exploring the complex motives, intentions, reactions and responses of the chief agents in this story, it is possible to highlight the extra-scientific constraints and facilitators for the practice of knowledge in late eighteenth century Central Europe.

  20. Tocqueville revisited. The meaning of American prosperity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handy, C

    2001-01-01

    Why is business so admired in the United States and so often denigrated in Europe? How has America created 30 million new jobs in the last 20 years while the European Union, with a bigger population, only managed 5 million? What is feeding America's apparently inexhaustible appetite for growth and its recent dramatic improvements in productivity? In 1831, French philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville came to America to examine its prison system and returned with a vision of democracy so profound it has become part of our cultural heritage. More than a century and a half later, renowned British business philosopher Charles Handy retraces Tocqueville's intellectual journey, this time focusing not on democracy but on capitalism. The result is an eye-opening look at some of the fundamental assumptions underpinning business in America today. It is America's optimism that Handy finds most striking, the unquestioned belief that tomorrow can--and should--be made better than today. He contrasts this with the Spaniards when they came to the New World: No haya novedades, those Spaniards would say, "Let nothing new arise." The energy engendered by American optimism, coupled with the Puritan belief in work and in the nobility of earned wealth (as opposed to Europe's furtive attitude toward its nobility's inherited wealth) lies, in Handy's view, at the heart of America's success. Will American capitalism, born as it was from a property-owning democracy, now adapt to a dematerialized world, where property is intellectual rather than physical? Handy draws no absolute conclusions, but rather lays out the challenges that must be overcome for tomorrow to indeed continue to be better than today in this still-young country. PMID:11189463

  1. Poder con poder se paga: títulos nobiliarios beneficiados en Indias (1681-1821

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    Maruri Villanueva, Ramón

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available As occurred when granting public offices of government and justice, hidalguías, and insignias in the case of the Military Orders, etc., the Spanish Monarchy also resorted to the juridical figure of the beneficio when allowing certain persons to enter the titled nobility. With regard to America, this article refers to seventy seven nobility titles obtained in this way between 1681 and 1821, a quantity that we consider to represent practically all the beneficiaries in South America. The Crown, the highest expression of political power, rewarded in this manner those who also represented economic, social, military or political power in the American sphere.

    Al igual que ocurrió con los oficios públicos, las hidalguías, los hábitos de las Órdenes Militares, etcétera, la Monarquía hispana se sirvió también de la figura jurídica del «beneficio » en el caso de posibilitar a determinadas personas su ingreso en la nobleza titulada. Por lo que a América se refiere, en este artículo se dan cuenta de setenta y siete títulos nobiliarios obtenidos entre 1681 y 1821 por esa vía, cantidad que, estimamos, representa la práctica totalidad de los beneficiados en Indias. La Corona, expresión del poder político en su máxima instancia, pagaba así a quienes representaban también un poder económico, social, militar y político en el ámbito americano.

  2. The Serbian family in the late Middle ages

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    Siniša Mišić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Marriage in Serbia in the middle ages was conducted only between persons belonging to the same social class. It was arranged and the woman would bring a dowry which would be controlled by the husband as long as the marriage lasted. Male children would inherit their father. Daughters played a significant role in connecting families through marriage. A man, unlike a woman would not bear any consequences in case of adultery. The consequence of this was a large number of extramarital children. In the Serbian state in the middle ages the family, or the “home” (kuća as it is named in sources, was the basic unit of society. The family could be nuclear or cooperative. Through the analysis of diplomatic data, as well as the first Turkish books – defters, one can see that one quarter of the population lived in nuclear families. More than half of the families which lived in cooperative arrangements were made up of small cooperatives numbering no more than two or three members. Almost all cooperative families were made up of father-son or brotherly cooperatives. The type of cooperative was largely influenced by the length of life or the capability of giving birth. The source material shows a small number of large cooperatives. Nuclear families and cooperative families are present in both the nobility and the small folk (dependents. There is no difference in the family structure with regard to social status. Nuclear families are omnipresent, and the characteristics of cooperative families are the same in nobility, serfs, sokalniks (a class a little above the serfs, who were most often servants, with certain privileges, priests, repairmen or fishermen. The difference is seen only within the Vlach population where in the cooperative there are more sons in law than in other populations. This is the result of an attempt of an agrarian population to move toward the status of herdsmen which was more favorable for them.

  3. Electrochemical, Polarization, and Crevice Corrosion Testing of Nitinol 60, A Supplement to the ECLSS Sustaining Materials Compatibility Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, R. E.

    2016-01-01

    In earlier trials, electrochemical test results were presented for six noble metals evaluated in test solutions representative of waste liquids processed in the Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Subsequently, a seventh metal, Nitinol 60, was added for evaluation and subjected to the same test routines, data analysis, and theoretical methodologies. The previous six test metals included three titanium grades, (commercially pure, 6Al-4V alloy and 6Al-4V low interstitial alloy), two nickel-chromium alloys (Inconel(RegisteredTrademark) 625 and Hastelloy(RegisteredTrademark) C276), and one high-tier stainless steel (Cronidur(RegisteredTrademark) 30). The three titanium alloys gave the best results of all the metals, indicating superior corrosive nobility and galvanic protection properties. For this current effort, the results have clearly shown that Nitinol 60 is almost as noble as titanium, being very corrosion-resistant and galvanically compatible with the other six metals electrochemically and during long-term exposure. is also quite noble as it is very corrosion resistant and galvanically compatible with the other six metals from both an electrochemical perspective and long-term crevice corrosion scenario. This was clearly demonstrated utilizing the same techniques for linear, Tafel and cyclic polarization, and galvanic coupling of the metal candidate as was done for the previous study. The high nobility and low corrosion susceptibility for Nitinol 60 appear to be intermediate to the nickel/chromium alloys and the titanium metals with indications that are more reflective of the titanium metals in terms of general corrosion and pitting behavior.

  4. ON MINING ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN BANOVINA REGION (CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berislav Šebečić

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Mining activities in exploitation of iron, copper, and lead (-silver ores in Trgovska gora Mountain had been developed back in Illyrian and Roman times as well as in the Middle Ages and recent times whereas in Petrova gora Mountain exploitation of iron oreš and coal developed as late as in 19 and 20 centuries. In the Middle Ages and more recent times, Croatian nobility (counts of Zrinski and Keglević and later on also the foreign nobility or foreign and domestic mining associations were given mining concessions.The mining enterprise in the Banovina Region passed to different owners and managers from mid —19 century to mid — 20 century. During the Austro-Hungarian rule the main mining concession was owned by »Gewerkschaft der Eisenbergwerke und Huttenwerke Petrova gora zu Topusko« or its shorter version »Petrova gora Gewerkschaft«. The major mining entrepreneurs on the Trgovska gora Mountain at Bešlinac were Desire Gilain, Joseph Steinauer and Alois Frohm. After the World War I and confiscation of properties of foreign mining associations and entrepreneurs, there were constituted and bankrupted rather quickly the Petrova gora Association of Mines and Foundry at Topusko, the Slavenska Bank Zagreb (until 1923, as well as the Iron Mine and Foundry Inc. at Topusko. After the bancruptey of National Industrial Enterprise Zagreb (1929, the Mining Association and (Iron Foundry was founded at Bešlinac (1934. In the region of Banovina there were operating also: the Kupa-Glina Mining Association (active also during the Austro-Hungarian rule, Mineral Mining Association from Topusko, as vvell as the Iron Mine and Foundry Topusko-Vojnić Headquarters. All the mentioned associations and entrepreneurs were confiscated by the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in 1946.

  5. Aristocracia y poder económico en la España del siglo XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Manuel Moral Roncal

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Durante el reinado de Alfonso XIII, la nobleza tuvo la oportunidad de reconstruir su poder económico mediante la modernización de sus fuentes de riqueza. Para ello fue necesario que las Casas nobiliarias se adaptaran tanto a una racionalización del gasto suntuario como a una adecuada política de inversiones en el tradicional sector agropecuario, la bolsa y la industria. Gracias a esta diversificación de sus rentas, la nobleza pudo resistir la crisis de 1929 pero no la política reformadora de la Segunda República. La Guerra Civil supuso el final de su hegemonía social —como referente elitista— y de su poder económico, situación que se agravó en la inmediata posguerra. Durante el régimen franquista comenzó un lento proceso de asimilación y disolución de los linajes nobiliarios en las nuevas elites sociales.During the reign of Alfonso XIII, the nobility had the opportunity of reconstructing his economic power by means of the modernization of his sources of wealth. For it was necessary that those nobiliary Houses adapted a so much a rationalization of the sumptuary expense as a political of the appropriate one of the investments in the agriculture, cattle raising, bag and the industry. To it causes of this diversifications of the rents, the nobility could resist the crisis of 1929 on the contrary that the politics of the Second Republic. The Spanish Civil War supposed the final of his social hegemony —as elitist relating— and his economic power, situation that was increased in the immediate postwar period. During the goverment of Franco began a slow process of assimilation and breakup of the nobiliary lineages in the new social elites.

  6. Aprendizagem significativa, codificação dual e objetos de aprendizagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romero Tavares

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Um mapa conceitual pode ser entendido como uma teia de conceitos, onde fica patente a inter-relação entre eles. Podemos usar um mapa conceitual para explicitar os diversos conceitos utilizados em uma animação e desse modo, o mapa conceitual poderá atuar como estruturador global do conhecimento que está sendo focalizado com determinada abrangência.

    A codificação dual possibilita um suporte teórico consistente para a utilização integrada de textos conceituais, mapa conceitual e animação interativa. A teoria codificação dual indica que quando apreendemos uma informação através das codificações verbal (mapa conceitual e texto e visual (mapa e animação a possibilidade de compreensão desse conteúdo torna-se maior, principalmente por podermos utilizar as potencialidades específicas de transmissão de cada canal de interação (verbal e visual. Nessas circunstâncias, ainda deve ser enfatizada a facilidade de resgate dessa informação, que pode ser mais facilmente trazida à baila por contar com diversas possibilidades de conexões cognitivas, devidas justamente à codificação dual.

    A intenção desse trabalho é discutir as potencialidades dessa estratégia de ensino/aprendizagem, e apresentar um objeto digital de aprendizagem que utiliza a codificação dual.

  7. A dimensão axiológica da educação ambiental

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Ernesto

    1997-01-01

    A educação ambiental (EA) integra um conjunto de categorias educativas/pedagógicas (educação formal e não-formal) que proporcionam uns fundamentos para a inter-relação da “educação com o meio ambiente”. Trata-se de uma área da educação social, que serve, em termos de estratégia de intervenção, a animação socio educativa/socio-cultural, criando novas relações do Homem com os problemas ecológico – ambientais. O autor considera a EA como: uma exigência da análise cultural do homem, exigindo-lhe ...

  8. Animation & Neurocinematics*

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carpe Pérez, Inmaculada Concepción

    2016-01-01

    machines that think”-(Damasio, A. Descartes error). Such feelings come from the interpretation of the emotions in our bodies. Emotions are our universal language, the motivation of living, the key to what makes a movie successful and truly an art piece that you will remember because moves you. Animation......, indeed, can be considered a social/ emotional learning media, which goes beyond the limitations of live action movies. This is due to the diversity of techniques, and its visual plasticity that constructs the impossible. Animators are not real actors but more like the midwife who brings the anima...... into aliveness, which requires knowing how emotions work. Ed Hooks as an expert in training animators and actors, always remarks: “emotions tend to lead to action”. In this paper we want to argue that by producing animated films, as we watch them, cause a stronger effect, not only in our brains, but also in our...

  9. The Fall of Emily Grierson: A Jungian Analysis of A Rose for Emily

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chenghsun Hsu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the tragic life of Faulkner’s Emily Grierson, a life dominated by patriarchy and traditional Southern social values, which concludes with her living as a lonely recluse in her family’s decaying aristocratic house for more than forty years until her death. The key of the tragedy is her father, who isolates Emily from the outside world and tortures her with traditional patriarchal rules and Southern family duty. Emily is expected to lead a life like other girls; however, under the burden of old-fashioned, patriarchal responsibilities, her inner world collapses. This study uses the Jungian concepts of archetypes, persona and shadow, anima and animus to interpret Emily’s transitions and her fall. By examining the process through the lens of Jungian theories, the aspects that affect her fall in the patriarchal, aristocratic society, as well as the inherited social values, can be revealed and specified

  10. Implementação de grafos no ambiente de programação visual Scratch

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Rui Filipe Veiga Rebelo da

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Engenharia de Informática A linguagem Scratch é uma linguagem de programação visual lançada em 2007 pelo MIT Media Labs que tem vindo a ser usada em contextos de e-learning para crianças. O ambiente Scratch foi desenvolvido usando a linguagem de programação por objetos Squeak. A programação visual em Scratch baseia-se na metáfora do bloco de LEGO que se encaixa em blocos compatíveis para criar comportamentos, em geral animações. O sucesso deste ambiente open sour...

  11. Ideał miłości chrześcijańskiej. Sylwetka św. Makryny Młodszej w pismach św. Grzegorza z Nyssy

    OpenAIRE

    Wyrąbkiewicz, Agnieszka

    2016-01-01

    The Figure of st. Macrina the Younger in the writings of St. Gregory of Nyssa. St. Macrina, mentioned in St. Gregory’s of Nyssa memories included in Epistula 19, Vitae sanctae Macrinae and Dialogus de anima et resurrectione, shows specific embodiment of ideal of Christian love. Way of life of St. Macrina, who wanted to be unified with God from an early age, leads through synergism of various forms of love (ἀγάπη, φιλία, φιλανθρωπία φιλοσοφία, στοργή), which, owing to St. Gregory’s references ...

  12. Tuotantolinjan suunnittelu ja toteutus 3D-animaatiossa

    OpenAIRE

    Korhonen, Antti; Saastamoinen, Mirko

    2010-01-01

    Tässä työssä käsitellään tuotantolinjan suunnittelua ja toteutusta 3D-animaatiotuotannossa. Päätyövälineenämme oli Autodesk Maya 2010 3D-mallinnusohjelma. Tuotantolinjalla määritellään 3D-animaation tuotantoon liittyvät vaiheet ja aikataulut. Tuotantolinja on erittäin tärkeä useiden samassa projektissa työskentelevien henkilöiden koordinoinnissa – isoissa animaatiotuotannoissa jopa välttämätön. Työssämme tarkastelemme tuotantolinjaa lähinnä parityöskentelyn kannalta. Määrittelemme tuota...

  13. AZITROMICINA NO TRATAMENTO DA ERLICHIOSE MONOCÍTICA EM CÃES NATURALMENTE INFECTADOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Torres Cantadori

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment with azithromycin in dogs naturally infected with E. canis, and to analyse the clinical and hematological changes the animals would show. Ten dogs with positive diagnosis for E. canis through Elisa Snap 4Dx test were distributed into two groups, untreated and treated with azithromycin, 20 mg/kg, orally once a day for seven days. In addition to the physical exam, complete blood counts (CBC, smears made out from blood of the ear margin in order to detect ehrlichial morulae and nested PCR before treatment and post-treatment were performed. We found that the treatment was not effective, since the clinical signs did not disappear, as well as there was no return to normal values of the CBC in treated animas, neither the elimination of E. canis from the infected animals.

  14. Guia de endereços eletrônicos para o estudo de cardiologia

    OpenAIRE

    Aikawa Luciana; Zornoff Denise Cássia Moreira; Matsubara Beatriz Bojikian

    2004-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Ampliar os recursos didáticos para estudantes de medicina, médicos e profissionais da área da saúde, estimulando o uso da Internet para fins acadêmicos ou de reciclagem em cardiologia. MÉTODO: Pesquisados e selecionados endereços eletrônicos com conteúdo acadêmico nas áreas da anatomia, biofísica, fisiologia, semiologia, eletrocardiografia e diagnóstico por imagem, com critérios de seleção, incluíndo relevância do conteúdo, clareza na apresentação e riqueza em recursos de animação e...

  15. Guia de endereços eletrônicos para o estudo de cardiologia Guide of internet sites for the study of cardiology

    OpenAIRE

    Luciana Aikawa; Denise de Cássia Moreira Zornoff; Beatriz Bojikian Matsubara

    2004-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Ampliar os recursos didáticos para estudantes de medicina, médicos e profissionais da área da saúde, estimulando o uso da Internet para fins acadêmicos ou de reciclagem em cardiologia. MÉTODO: Pesquisados e selecionados endereços eletrônicos com conteúdo acadêmico nas áreas da anatomia, biofísica, fisiologia, semiologia, eletrocardiografia e diagnóstico por imagem, com critérios de seleção, incluíndo relevância do conteúdo, clareza na apresentação e riqueza em recursos de animação e...

  16. En diálogo con los artículos del dossier psicoanálisis y filosofía. ¿Hay un diálogo posible?/In dialogue with the articles of dossier psychoanalysis and phylosophy. Is there a possible dialogue?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Fernández

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la pregunta que anima este número de la revista ¿hay un diálogo posible entre el psicoanálisis y la filosofía? el presente artículo tiene como cometido realizar un dialogo con algunos autores del Dossier, tomando como punto de referencia los trabajos en los cuales está presente cierta problematización del psicoanálisis a través de los trabajos de Foucault. The main question that brings about this new issue of the Journal is about the possible or impossible dialog between psychoanalysis and philosophy. Particularly, this article considers author contributions to this issue challenging psychoanalysis through the lens of Foucauldian theory.

  17. Comunidade de fãs e formas de expressão online: a indústria do anime e manga japonês na internet

    OpenAIRE

    Castanheira, Inês de Castro e Brito

    2012-01-01

    Mestrado em Comunicação, Cultura e Tecnologias de Informação Ao longo dos anos, a indústria de manga e anime, banda desenhada e animação japonesa, tem conquistado vários seguidores. Como muitas séries não são conhecidas internacionalmente, é na Internet que se tornam visíveis. Este trabalho teve como objectivo o estudo das actividades e formas de expressão dos fãs de anime e manga num ambiente online. Por não existir muita informação bibliográfica sobre este tema, foi criado um inquérito d...

  18. [Parental Care and Testosterone Secretion in Forest Rodent Males: Sensitization and Androgenic Stimulation of Parental Behavior].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gromov, V S; Osadchuk, L V

    2015-01-01

    The reaction of males of three forest rodent species (Myodes clethrionomys, M. rutilus, Apodemus uralensis) to young animals in comparison with their dimensional characteristics and androgenization level was studied. Demonstration of parental care was detected in males of two vole species (M. clethrionomys and M. rutilus) in case of regular contacts with them (sensitization effect). It was demonstrated that the testosterone concentration in the blood serum, as well as the testosterone content in the testicles of the M. clethrionomys males (demonstrating the parental care), was higher than in the sample of males inclined to infanticide. An increased testosterone content in the testicles and blood serum was also found in the M. rutilus males that had contact with young animas. Neither demonstration of parental care nor significant differences in the testosterone concentration in the testicles and blood serum were detected in the A. uralensis males. PMID:26415283

  19. Simulación de habla campesina En 1814

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Alejandra Villa Navia

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La base de este artículo es un pliego anónimo que contiene un monólogo pronunciado por un supuesto campesino en la capital colombiana el 30 de enero de 1814, en el cual, anima a los americanos a continuar con la lucha independentista y critica a los partidarios de la causa realista, especialmente a los habitantes de Popayán. En el artículo, además, se realiza una edición anotada del documento y se analizan los rasgos más relevantes de los niveles fonéticos, gramaticales y léxicos, los cuales son característicos de la lengua hablada a principios del siglo XIX en tierras colombianas.

  20. A Simple Method to Measure Nematodes' Propulsive Thrust and the Nematode Ratchet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bau, Haim; Yuan, Jinzhou; Raizen, David

    2015-11-01

    Since the propulsive thrust of micro organisms provides a more sensitive indicator of the animal's health and response to drugs than motility, a simple, high throughput, direct measurement of the thrust is desired. Taking advantage of the nematode C. elegans being heavier than water, we devised a simple method to determine the propulsive thrust of the animals by monitoring their velocity when swimming along an inclined plane. We find that the swimming velocity is a linear function of the sin of the inclination angle. This method allows us to determine, among other things, the animas' propulsive thrust as a function of genotype, drugs, and age. Furthermore, taking advantage of the animals' inability to swim over a stiff incline, we constructed a sawteeth ratchet-like track that restricts the animals to swim in a predetermined direction. This research was supported, in part, by NIH NIA Grant 5R03AG042690-02.

  1. [Tertullianus and Agostinus. Approaches to dreams in ancient Christianity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genovese, Armando

    2009-01-01

    The author analyzes the nature and typologies of dreams in Tertullianus' De anima and, briefly, in the work of Agostinus, two centuries later. What are made dreams of? Are they autonomous productions of psyché or phantasia, or rather messages sent by demons or God, according to dreams' bad or good intimate nature? Is there a relation between time of the night and nature of the dreams? Moreover, is there a relation between seasons and dreams? Does a specific relationship between food, regimen and dreams exist? Which is the soul's faculty able to generate dreams? Is phantasia moved by some other deep and mysterious principle? Which are the connections linking human physiology and dreams?

  2. Brentano on Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leslie Kavanaugh

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In Vienna at the end of the nineteenth century, a virtual explosion occured of thought, creativity and revolutionary energy. At the origins of phenomenology, Franz Brentano took inspiration from Aristotle's de Anima in order to provide the bridge between mental acts [psychisch] and sensible phenomena [physisch]; the link or relationship which he called intentional in-existence. Phenomenology would completely change the direction of how philosophy constituted its problems – the relation between the “physical” and the “psychic”, the inter-relatedness of all things, the relation of our body to space and time, as well as how phenomena “appear” to consciousness. This essay briefly sketches out this geneology, and explicates the importance of Brentano's thought on the issues of space-time-continuum.

  3. Hegel's notion of natural purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michelini, Francesca

    2012-03-01

    This paper argues that the notion of natural purpose developed by Hegel can only be thoroughly grasped by considering its intimate connection with the idea of contradiction and, particularly, with what Hegel in his philosophy of nature called the 'activity of deficiency'. This expression is used by Hegel to denote the ontological situation of every living being, which is embodied most authentically in the concepts of need and drive. For Hegel, life itself is imbued with contradiction because it is inextricably bound up with what it lacks: its identity is at one with its negation. This paper defends the thesis that Hegel's philosophy-and not just his philosophy of nature-can be characterized as an 'ontology of life' (to use the same expression that Martin Heidegger applied to Aristotle's De Anima), or more precisely, as an ontology of living individuality.

  4. Entre las lógicas estratégicas de la guerra y el proceso de paz en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Acevedo Tarazona

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Como toda confrontación armada, el proceso de paz en Colombia en medio del conflicto tiene lógicas estratégicas tanto de la subversión como de los militares, las cuales se ponen en el juego de una racionalidad subyacente a las desafortunadas e ineludibles dinámicas de odios y venganzas. Al presente artículo lo anima una reflexión intelectual sobre tales lógicas, con una tesis distinta a la de la opinión generalizada, en la que se tratará de argumentar que la posición del gobierno no es tan débil o inerme frente a las FARC en la guerra de posiciones y la confrontación con un enemigo único.

  5. Upravna tehnologija i opći upravi postupak: izazovi i promjene u jugoistočnoj Europi

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan KOPRIĆ

    2011-01-01

    Trenutačne reforme zakona o općem upravnom postupku u jugoistočnoj Europi mogu se promatrati kao međuigra između legalističke tradicije te političkih i menadžerskih pritisaka da se javna uprava racionalizira. Osamdesetogodišnja tradicija općeg upravnog postupka u regiji, a posebno na području bivše Jugoslavije, prepreka je upravnoj modernizaciji jer se upravni postupci često rabe i zlorabe za različite birokratske manevre. Iako opći upravni postupci pod određenim uvjetima mogu građanima pruži...

  6. Slijedom pojava povezanih s običajem pogreba u lijesu od izdubena stabla

    OpenAIRE

    Andrić, Jasna

    1992-01-01

    Razmatranje polazi od običaja u selu Korićanima na planini Vlašiću iznad Travnika. Etnolozima dobro poznat običaj da se pokojnika donedavno tu pokapalo položena između dvije izdubene polovice debla pokušat će se dovesti u svezu s arheološkim podacima o isto takvim i tome možda odgovarajućim sredovječnim pokopima na prostoru Bosne. Kao građa služe i usmene predaje i neki od povijesnih podataka. Razmatranje je zasad ograničeno na južnoslavenska područja na kojima pokušava otvoriti vremenski i p...

  7. A Musical Fight between Soul and Body in 1600

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2014-01-01

    The subject of this article is a discussion of Emilio de' Cavalieri's early Baroque music drama, Rappresentatione di anima, et di corpo (The Play of Soul and Body), performed in Rome in 1600 with a particular focus on the ambivalence apparent in this work between the text's explicit pious plea...... for renouncing worldly pleasures on the one hand and, on the other hand, the theatrical, musical, and even textual means in the play intended to delight the audience, but also through this delight to bring about its religious message to the audience. This ambivalence may shed light on broader issues of cultural...... history connected to continuities and changes in Reform Catholicism in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Although seemingly influenced by a general pessimism of the time, the Catholic world could draw on a devotional, aesthetically resourceful, tradition providing ambiguous relief in contemporary...

  8. Verkkosivuston visuaalinen viesti : Esimerkkinä Patenttitieto ja Ctrl+Paint

    OpenAIRE

    Oravasaari, Ari

    2015-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö käsittelee visuaalisen viestin rakennetta verkkoviestinnän näkökulmasta ja sen keinoja herättää mielikuvia. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli tutkia, mistä rakentuu verkkosivuston visuaalinen viesti Patenttitieto-verkkosivustoa apuna käyttäen. Työn tilaajana oli Tapio Laurinolli. Opinnäytetyön teoriaosuudessa käsitellään animaation ja verkkosivuston visuaa-lista viestintää sekä verkkosivuston visuaalista suunnittelua ja käytettävyyttä. Käytännön osuudessa suunniteltiin j...

  9. From Moscovici to Jung: the feminine archetype and its iconography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saiz Galdós, Jesús

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Our representations of women have their origins in the myths of the past. According to Jung, myths are the symbolic expression of the collective unconscious that expresses itself through archetypes. Archetypes are thus images that pass across generations: instruments of collective thought. The main archetypes we deal with in this article are the Mother and the Anima, or men´s feminine principle. Using Jung's concept of archetype to analyse women´s iconographic representations allows us to combine the notion of the collective unconscious with that of social representations. Whereas Moscovici´s theory of social representations offers us the possibility of analysing beliefs about women through history, Jung’s perspective reveals us the possibility of analysing the myths constructed around women as part of the archetypes people use to give sense to reality.

  10. Jung i Bachelard. Problem wyobraxni i mitu (JUNG AND BACHELARD. THE PROBLEM OF IMAGINATION AND MYTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilona Błocian

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to some specific 'area between' interpretative achievements of Freud, Jung and Bachelard. The imagination and myth problems are involved in more general perspective of philospophical conception of man in their works. Different models of human reason and imagination idealizing forces influenced procedures of an imaginal thinking and image itself interpretations. The basis of comparation is the unconscious (Freudian 'repressed unconscious', Jungian collective unconsciuos, complex and archetype conceptions as some kind of instruments to understand image formating process, phantasies, mythical and poetical image. An example of these differences is their interpretations of Promethean myth. A way of understand dream image, Anima and Animus archetypes refer to their specific theoretical frames.

  11. De nariz vermelho no hospital : a actividade lúdica dos Doutores Palhaços com crianças hospitalizadas

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Ana Isabel de Lima

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Estudos da Criança (área de especialização em Associativismo e Animação Sócio-Cultural) A presente investigação descreve e analisa a estrutura, princípios, valores e metodologias, entre outros aspectos, referentes à Associação Operação Nariz Vermelho (ONV), nomeadamente ao nível da acção dos seus artistas profissionais, os Doutores Palhaços, aquando da realização de visitas a crianças hospitalizadas. A situação de doença na infância afecta o desenvolv...

  12. TONI MORRISON’IN SEVİLEN (BELOVED) ADLI ROMANINDA ANİMA VE ANİMUS İLKÖRNEKLERİ

    OpenAIRE

    Oğuz, Ayla

    2010-01-01

    Buçalışma Jung eleştirisi ışığında Toni Morrison’ın Sevilen (Beloved) adlı romanına ilkörneksel bir yaklaşımdır. Jung’a göre‘ortak bilinçdışı’ insanlığın bilgi deposudur ve bu bilgi nesilden nesile aktarılır. İlkörnekler ortak bilinçdışının içerikleridir.Persona, gölge, ben, anima – animus Sevilen’de karşılaştığımız Jung’cu kalıplardır. Jung, her birimizin hem biyolojik hem ruhsal anlamda karşı cinsin &o...

  13. Las convicciones religiosas en la argumentación bioética. Dos perspectivas secularistas diferentes: Sádaba y Habermas-Rawls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Burgos Velasco

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza dos posiciones secularistas sobre el papel de las convicciones religiosas en la argumentación bioética. El laicismo excluyente de Sádaba rechaza la racionalidad del hecho religioso y extiende una sospecha cautelar sobre la argumentación bioética del creyente. Por el contrario, la posición abierta de Habermas-Rawls considera a las religiones razonables como una de las visiones comprehensivas características del Estado liberal, anima a los ciudadanos secularizados a valorar sus aportaciones e insta al Estado secular y, por tanto, neutral, a no imponer a todos la cosmovisión laicista. Sólo la segunda perspectiva sienta las bases para un diálogo fructífero y sereno en el ámbito bioético.

  14. Redes sociais na biblioteca escolar : uma oportunidade para promover a leitura

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, José Amadeu Gonçalves

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Ciências da Educação - Especialização em Animação da Leitura, apresentada à Escola Superior de Educação de Paula Frassinetti O presente trabalho enquadra-se no âmbito da promoção da leitura, numa perspetiva do papel que a biblioteca escolar poderá desempenhar com a implementação das ferramentas Web 2.0, junto de aprendentes do 1.º ciclo. Na primeira parte, relativa ao enquadramento teórico, salientamos aspetos relacionados com o paradigma tecnológico e a socie...

  15. A formação do esprit de Sion - Formation of sion`s spirit

    OpenAIRE

    Angela Xavier de Brito

    2011-01-01

    Resumo A exemplo dos estabelecimentos de elite, Sion exerce sobre suas alunas um efeito de ordenação e de consagração, que tem por objetivo formar um grupo à parte, que faz corpo com a instituição. A "cultura escolar católica de tradição francesa" que anima as instituições femininas de ensino secundário no Brasil, em particular o Colégio Notre Dame de Sion, desenvolve em suas alunas um espírito de corpo específico, resultado de uma socialização conduzida num cotidiano altamente ritualizado. O...

  16. Magia dos sentidos. Poesia e criatividade: um contributo para o desenvolvimento da expressão oral em crianças do pré-escolar

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Maria Angelina Teixeira

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Ciências da Educação - Especialização em Animação da Leitura, apresentada à Escola Superior de Educação de Paula Frassinetti O projeto de investigação “Magia dos Sentidos. Poesia e criatividade – um contributo para o desenvolvimento da expressão oral em crianças do Pré-escolar”, trata de algumas questões relacionadas com a utilização do texto poético no domínio do pré-escolar, tendo como principal objetivo apresentar e desenvolver atividades, bem como estratégias...

  17. Radiological survey of the inactive uranium-mill tailings at Durango, Colorado

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of a radiological survey of the inactive uranium-mill site at Durango, Colorado, conducted in April 1976, in cooperation with a team from Ford, Bacon and Davis Utah Inc., are presented together with descriptions of the instruments and techniques used to obtain the data. Direct above-ground gamma measurements and analysis of surface soil and sediment samples indicate movement of tailings from the piles toward Lightner Creek on the north and the Animas River on the east side of the piles. The concentration of 226Ra in the former raffinate pond area is only slightly above the background level. Two structures in Durango were found to contain high concentrations of airborne radon daughters, where tailings are known to have been utilized in construction. Near-background concentrations of radon daughters were found in a well-ventilated building close to the tailings

  18. Multi-Hybrid Power Vehicles with Cost Effective and Durable Polymer Electrolyte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bose, Anima

    2014-02-28

    Anima Bose, the principal investigator of the project, originally proposed to develop composite membranes to operate PEMFCs at much higher temperatures than 80{degrees}C and to alleviate the flooding problems often encountered in Nafion menmbrane containing fuel cells. The PI has successfully created composite membranes by blending small quantities of octasilane-poss (OSP) with Nafion. The composite membranes exhibited temperature tolerance up to 110{degrees}C without scarifying cell performance as determined by polarization curves and proton conductivity measurements. These membranes also exhibited superior water management performance as evident from the lack of flooding. Furthermore, these fuel cells performed well under reduced humidities. Structural and thermal analyses revealed that these Nafion-octasilane composite membranes are homogenous at concentrations up to 3 wt% of the OSP and that the siloxane offers additional thermal stability.

  19. Algasid etendustesarja "Suveaaria 2009" proovid / Silja Joon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joon, Silja, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    10. juulist 10. augustini Pärnu Vanalinna Põhikooli õuel toimuvast Pärnu Ooperi korraldatavast etendustesarjast "Suveaaria", mille raames tuuakse installatsioon-ooperite sarjas "Kataloog" uuena välja soprani ja tenori duettide projekt "Armustseene kvaliteetooperitest" (laulavad Kai Kallastu ja Roland Liiv, etenduse lavastaja on koreograaf Kaspar Aus, kunstnik Pille Neeve, muusikalise lahenduse eest vastutavad heliloojad Andrus Kallastu ja Hans-Gunter Lock ning pianist Jorma Toots). Korratakse "Hullumisstseene kvaliteetooperitest" (esinevad sopran Kai Kallastu ja flötist Leonora Palu) ja eelmisel aastal mudaravilasse komponeeritud Locki eksperimentaalset muusikateatrietendust "Mudamuusikateraapia laboratoorium". Esitatakse Andrus Kallastu loomingul põhinev müsteerium "Valgus ja vari", milles kõlab "Stabat mater" elektroonikale, "Stabat mater" häälele (laulab Kai Kallastu, saateks Anima Mea elektroonika)

  20. Mobilizing the cartographic paradox: tracing the aspect of cartography and prospect of cinema/Mobilizando o paradoxo cartográfico: traçando o aspecto na cartografia e o prospecto no cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Lukinbeal

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the contrast and challenge of cinematic cartographies may lie in querying what John Pickles (2004, p.89 calls the “cartographic paradox.” The cartographic paradox is that linear perspective and projectionism inform cartographic practice. Yet, these two scopic regimes are both complementary and contradictory. The cartographic paradox has been mobilized by montage, animation and motion pictures. The penultimate technology of linear perspective is cinema, whereas the penultimate technology of projectionism is GIS and animated cartography. I argue that understanding the mobilization of these scopic regimes may lead to the production of affective geovisualizations. A compreensão do contraste e do desafio das cartografias cinemáticas pode residir na indagação do que John Pickles (2004, p.89 chama de “o paradoxo cartográfico.” O paradoxo cartográfico é que a perspectiva linear e o projecionismo informam a prática cartográfica. Contudo, estes dois regimes de visão são complementares e contraditórios. O paradoxo cartográfico tem sido mobilizado pela montagem e a animação de imagens em movimento. A penúltima tecnologia da perspectiva linear é o cinema, enquanto que a penúltima tecnologia do projecionismo é o SIG e a animação cartográfica. Discuto neste artigo que compreender a mobilização destes regimes de visão pode conduzir à produção de geovisualizações afetivas.

  1. Numerical modeling of cosmogenic deglaciation records, Front Range and San Juan mountains, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Dylan J.; Anderson, Robert S.; Guido, Zackry S.; Briner, Jason P.

    2009-03-01

    We use cosmogenic radionuclide (CRN) exposure ages from polished, striated bedrock to constrain numerical simulations of deglaciation in the Middle Boulder Creek Valley, Colorado Front Range, and the Animas River Valley, San Juan Mountains, Colorado. In both valleys, the cosmogenic ages suggest initiation of deglaciation ˜20 ka and ongoing retreat until 12-13 ka. While the first-order trend in CRN concentrations in each valley suggests a monotonic glacial retreat, we evaluate other retreat scenarios with different implications for post-Last Glacial Maximum regional climate. We use a 2-D numerical glacier simulation with a CRN layer to investigate how CRN-based deglaciation records are affected by retreat histories that are punctuated by periods of glacier readvance. The CRN layer simulates both production during periods of exposure and reduction by glacial erosion during readvances. We simulate glacial occupation of the valleys as they respond to equilibrium line altitude (ELA) histories characterized by stepwise change, gradual rise, or a rise punctuated by short periods of lowering. Each scenario generates a distinct spatial pattern of concentrations in the CRN layer. These results and the spatial pattern of measured concentrations in bedrock constrain the range of ELA histories that reproduce the CRN pattern in each valley. In the Animas River Valley, the exposure ages are well explained by a linear ELA rise from full glacial to deglacial conditions. Ages in Middle Boulder Creek Valley are best explained by a deglaciation history including a stillstand or partial readvance between 16 and 14 ka, followed by rapid retreat.

  2. Shallow Miocene basaltic magma reservoirs in the Bahia de Los Angeles basin, Baja California, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado-Argote, Luis A.; García-Abdeslem, Juan

    1999-01-01

    The basement in the Bahı´a de Los Angeles basin consists of Paleozoic metamorphic rocks and Cretaceous granitoids. The Neogene stratigraphy overlying the basement is formed, from the base to the top, by andesitic lava flows and plugs, sandstone and conglomeratic horizons, and Miocene pyroclastic flow units and basaltic flows. Basaltic dikes also intrude the whole section. To further define its structure, a detailed gravimetric survey was conducted across the basin about 1 km north of the Sierra Las Flores. In spite of the rough and lineal topography along the foothills of the Sierra La Libertad, we found no evidence for large-scale faulting. Gravity data indicates that the basin has a maximum depth of 120 m in the Valle Las Tinajas and averages 75 m along the gravimetric profile. High density bodies below the northern part of the Sierra Las Flores and Valle Las Tinajas are interpreted to be part of basaltic dikes. The intrusive body located north of the Sierra Las Flores is 2.5 km wide and its top is about 500 m deep. The lava flows of the top of the Sierra Las Flores, together with the distribution of basaltic activity north of this sierra, suggests that this intrusive body continues for 20 km along a NNW-trending strike. Between the sierras Las Flores and Las Animas, a 0.5-km-wide, 300-m-thick intrusive body is interpreted at a depth of about 100 m. This dike could be part of the basaltic activity of the Cerro Las Tinajas and the small mounds along the foothills of western Sierra Las Animas. The observed local normal faulting in the basin is inferred to be mostly associated with the emplacement of the shallow magma reservoirs below Las Flores and Las Tinajas.

  3. On Intellectus Agens and Aristotellian separate substances: Aquinas' waterloo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hector Zagal

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper deals with Saint Thomas's commentary to Aristotle's De Anima III, in wich we find the famous analogy of light. It is sustained that due to the limitations of the analogy, Saint Thomas is forced to introduce a series of Neo-platonic elements incompatible with Aristotle's philosophy. The author means to explain this "betrayal" to Aristotle's philosophy by one of his most credited commentators. It is concluded that in order to reconcile the pagan world with the Catholic theology, Thomas Aquinas needs to redirect Aristotle through a less economical argument; that is, the introduction of the Intellectus AgensEste artigo trata do comentário de São Tomás de Aquino ao De Anima III de Aristóteles, no qual se encontra a famosa analogia da luz. Sustenta-se que, devido às limitações da analogia, São Tomás é forçado a introduzir uma série de elementos neoplatônicos incompatíveis com a filosofia de Aristóteles. O intuito do autor é explicar essa "traição" à filosofia de Aristóteles, feita por um de seus comentadores mais abalizados. Conclui-se que, a fim de conciliar o mundo pagão com a teologia católica, Tomás de Aquino precisa redirecionar Aristóteles, através de uma argumentação menos econômica; isto é, através da introdução do Intellectus Agens

  4. Des Méridionales à la Cour : l’exemple des demoiselles de Saint‑Cyr (1686‑1793 Southerners at the Court: the example of the ‘demoiselles’ of Saint-Cyr (1686–1793

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Picco

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Certes Saint‑Cyr n’est pas Versailles, mais la proximité entre le château et la maison royale de Saint‑Louis est grande ; pour autant les liens entre cet établissement et la Cour ne se limitent pas à un voisinage géographique. Réservée aux demoiselles de la noblesse pauvre, cette institution est née en 1686 de la rencontre des passions éducatives de Mme de Maintenon avec la volonté politique du Roi‑Soleil de fidéliser une catégorie sociale désormais qualifiée par les historiens de noblesse « seconde ». La protection du monarque, éclatante sous Louis XIV, se fit plus discrète pendant les règnes de Louis XV et Louis XVI sans jamais, pour autant, être remise en question. À partir des Preuves de noblesse des demoiselles conservées à la BnF et du fonds Saint‑Cyr des Archives départementales des Yvelines, on connaît le lieu de baptême – assimilable au lieu de naissance –des 3 155 demoiselles qui fréquentèrent la maison jusqu’à sa fermeture en 1793. Parmi elles, 413 sont nées dans le Sud de la France. Pour faire le portrait de ces Méridionales, trois axes ont été retenus, la place du Midi ou des Midis dans le recrutement de la maison, la noblesse de ces lignages et le destin des anciennes élèves, marqué ou non par un retour au pays natal.Saint-Cyr is certainly not Versailles, but there was a close proximity between the Maison royale de Saint-Louis (known simply as Saint-Cyr and the palace, links that were not merely geographic. Reserved for the daughters of impoverished French nobility, Saint-Cyr was created in 1686 from the convergence between Madame de Maintenon’s passion for education and the Sun King’s political will to win the fidelity of a social category now known by historians as the ‘noblesse seconde’. During the reign of Louis XIV, support for the school was strong, but it was more subdued during the reigns of Louis XV and Louis XVI, though support was always present

  5. Poolmõisatest ja nende omanikest Eesti- ja Liivimaal / About semi-manors and their owners in Estland and Livland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uustalu, Märt

    2011-01-01

    , etc. Mortgaging semi-manors was not widespread. Some semi-manors were included in entailments.Semi-manors could be divided into several subdivisions. The majority of them belonged to private owners. Some were owned by different institutions such as a nobility corporation, towns, or firms. Beginning in the twentieth century, a number of semi-manors were acquired by Russian banks. A least 30 semi-manors in Estland were former knight manors. Some were actually factories or summer resorts. Even some islands were deemed as semi-manors. Others were actually a conglomeration of farms.Although it could be easily concluded that semi-manors were mainly owned by burghers, it was not so in Estland. Nobility was solidly represented among semi-manor owners. Before the confiscation of manors in 1919, they had acquired a dominant position. Other estates—those of peasants and burghers—experienced a decline. For Estonian peasants, semi-manors offered the opportunity to become landholders even before 1860s. In contrast to the province of Estland, semi-manors were to a greater extent burgher-owned manors in Livonia.Manors were confiscated in Estonia in 1919 by an agrarian law enacted by the Estonian Provisional Government. Semi-manors were exempted from the appropriation when they did not belong to owners of knight manors. The most affected were, therefore, registered nobility as this group possessed a number of semi-manors and knight manors simultaneously. Those nobles lost their landhold.

  6. Los testamentos como fuente para la historia social de la nobleza. Un ejemplo metodológico: tres mandas de los Valladares del siglo XV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otero Piñeyro Maseda, Pablo S.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The identification and study of the lineages which made up the galician nobility pyramid in the Late Middle Ages must be based on a meticulous analysis of the sources, amoung which the most noteworthy are wills of testament due to there rich quantity of information. The objective of this work is to offer some preliminary ideas regarding this type of document. By examining diferent tendencies and describing methodologies, it is possible to make the best use of the information held within these documents in order to improve the study of the social history of the nobility. This work includes the publication and commentary of the wills of testament of three members of the Valladares lineage from the Late Middle Ages.La identificación y estudio de los linajes que conformaron la pirámide nobiliaria gallega en la Baja Edad Media deben fundamentarse en un cuidadoso análisis de las fuentes, entre las que destacan por su especial caudal informativo los testamentos. El objetivo de estas páginas es ofrecer unas primeras reflexiones sobre esta tipología documental: examinar algunas tendencias y anotar cuestiones metodológicas para el mejor aprovechamiento de sus posibilidades en el contexto de la historia social de la nobleza. El estudio se completa, o ilustra, con la edición y comentario de los testamentos de tres personajes de la estirpe de los Valladares, todos del final de la Edad Media. [gl] A identificación e estudo das liñaxes que conformaron a pirámide nobiliaria galega na Baixa Idade Media deben fundamentarse nunha coidadosa análise das fontes, entre as que destacan polo seu especial caudal informativo os testamentos. O obxectivo destas páxinas é ofrecer unhas primeiras reflexións sobre esta tipoloxía documental: examinar algunhas tendencias e anotar cuestións metodolóxicas para o mellor aproveitamento das súas posibilidades no contexto da historia social da nobreza. O estudo complétase, ou ilústrase, coa edición e comentario

  7. The Zach family in Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargha, Magda

    The Zach Family moved to Hungary. In the first decades of the 18th century the population was so low in Hungary that thousands of people moved into an almost empty country. In 1740 the physician Joseph Zach (1714-1792) came from Moravia to Esztergom which at that time had only 10 000 inhabitants. Soon he became the city doctor. It is very probable, that this was the place where he met Klara Sonntag, who became his wife. In any case, Zach moved to Pest, where he became the city doctor in 1746. The Invalide-Hospital built by Martinelli in 1726 was the biggest and most elegant house in Pest at that time - and it was giving shelter to 4000 invalids, whilst the city itself had only 11 000 inhabitants. There Zach became the ``protomedicus''. In 1751 Austrian Empress Maria Theresia visited this military hospital. She was so impressed by Zach's work that she honoured him with Hungarian nobility in 1765. From the corresponding official paper we know that he had three sons and three daughters. In 1791 he received citizenship in Pest. The Hungarian Magnates favoured the talented physician. The Lord Chief Justice Count György Fekete was also among his patients. His thirteen year-old son Count János Fekete became the godfather of Zach's son Franz Xaver Zach in 1754. It is very likely that Voltairian Count János Fekete influenced the personality of Franz Xaver von Zach. Galicia became Austrian Territory in 1772. Pater Liesganig was nominated to lead the Land-Survey Office of Galicia. Anton von Zach and Franz Xaver Zach were his co-workers in this very important task. At the same time Franz Zach became a professor of mechanics at Lemberg University and in its observatory he began his life-long astronomical observations. It is very probable that he joined the Freemasons here together with his godfather, now General, Jänos Fekete. Later they stayed in the same cities very often. The military and scientific works of the two Zach brothers Anton and Franz were so highly

  8. Nota sobre el archivo de la familia Pardo Gil Taboada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurín de la Iglesia, María Rosa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The intention of the bequest of the archives of Pardo Gil-Taboada to the Archive of the Kingdom of Galicia was that of establishing the genealogy of those who were the original source of such document. These notes attempt to sketch the profile of a noble family from they left the first traces of their existence, to well into the XX century. Going beyond the simple enumeration of individuals – “as if the nobility had no other function than the reproductive” – requires the addition of evidence about the way individuals behaved and collective traits and predispositions of the family group. Hence it is hoped that in future researchs this guide will facilitate and provide data about the formation of a family heritage and criteria on its administration, on the role played by women in the accumulation of wealth, attitudes towards life and the participacion by the nobility in the economic development of Galicia, and other aspects which may be of interest to both historians of sociology and economics.

    La donación del archivo Pardo Gil-Taboada al del Reino de Galicia requería establecer la genealogía de quienes originaron tales documentos. Estos apuntes intentan trazar el perfil de una familia hidalga desde que empezó a dejar señales de su existencia hasta bien entrado el siglo XX. Superar la simple enumeración de personas - “como si la nobleza no hubiera tenido más función que la reproductora”, en palabras de Domínguez Ortiz – suponía añadir indicaciones sobre comportamientos individuales y tendencias colectivas del grupo familiar y eso es lo que se ofrece aquí sinteticamente, como una guía de urgencia que anuncie a futuros investigadores lo que podrán hallar en esta documentación: datos sobre la formación de un patrimonio familiar y sobre los criterios de administrarlo, sobre el papel de las mujeres en la acumulación de bienes, actitudes ante la vida, participación de la hidalguía en el crecimiento económico de

  9. Élites di governo e «mastre» ad Agrigento fra Trecento e Quattrocento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titone, Fabrizio

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Even if the Sicilian state communities acquired a new and central importance during the reigns of Martino and of Alfonso V, with a few exceptions there is no monographic or comparative research on the urban social dynamics. This article concerns the town of Agrigento and, in particular, the origin of the city groups, their various political roles and the power balances among various government groups with reference to the formation of lists of those eligible for election for various local council posts. It is thought that the institutions of such lists represented the victory of aristocracy over other social groups in urban dynamics from the second half of the reign of Alfonso. It has been shown, on the contrary, that the applications, even if confirmed, of those eligible for election didrit necessarily mean that they were actually accepted. From this situation a system of government arose in which the magistri carried out an important role during the whole reign of Alfonso, without undergoing any serious exclusion on the part of the nobiles.

    Sebbene le comunità demaniali siciliane acquisiscano un peso centrale ed inedito nei regni di Martino e di Alfonso V, a parte poche eccezioni mancano ricerche monografiche e comparate delle dinamiche sociali cittadine Questo articolo prende in esame la città di Agrigento, in particolare la formazione dei raggruppamenti sociali, il loro differente ruolo politico e gli equilibri di potere tra i gruppi di governo, con riferimento alle istituzioni delle liste di eleggibili per l'elezione alle cariche locali. E opinione comune che le istituzioni di tali liste rappresentino l'affermazione della aristocrazia, sugli altri raggruppamenti sociali, nelle dinamiche urbane sin dalla seconda metà del regno alfonsino. Si dimostra, invece, che le richieste di elenchi di eleggibili, anche se placitate, non comportano necessariamente una loro effettiva applicazione. Ne risulta un quadro di governo in cui

  10. Archrtypal Analysis of Bijan and Manije Story

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tayebeh Jafari

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Manije and Bijan story, a poem by a great poet, Firdausi Tousi, like his other stories in Shahname is a story which can be analyzed by archetyoal approach. According to this approach, this story can be considered as the individuation of here of this story, Bijan, who voluntarily enters into the individuation and psychological growth by being called. In his perfection cycle which is started and in Iran, by the trickery of evil wise old (gorgin, Bijan meets his Anima of unconscious. Bijan, who lived in Ashkanian era as some researchers believe, is one of the prime characters in Shahnameh. From mythical point of view, Bijan story, which is known as one of ancient myths, is the indicator of feminine society in Iran. Bijan story, like Bahram Chobin, Rustam and Sohrab, Ardeshir Babakan, and Rustam and Esfandiar, is an independent story added to Shahnameh. The comparison of Bijan story with other stories of Shahnameh represents this issue that Ferdowsi composed Bijan story in his youth and just after Daghighi’s death. Because Bijan story, like most other stories of Shahnameh and other myths, has a quite symbolic structure and motifs, Jung archetypal point of view is helpful to discover a lot of mysteries. In the present article, Bijan story is analyzed from Jung’s archetypal point of view. According to this theory, there are a lot of symbols, motifs and archetypes in this story. There is a united structure in every story formed base on its plot thus, to discover the structure of a symbolic story is an important act.   The symbolic motif of Bijan story is reaching the perfection and the story structure is completely commensurate with this motif the move is started from Iran, which is the indicator of Bijan story’s consciousness, then the hero after getting individual experience in land of unconscious, Turan, comes back to Iran. Bijan voluntary goes on a dangerous and symbolic way as the hero. Actually he is the portrayal of a part of

  11. Palavras do editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelkis de la Orden Medina

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available É com satisfação que apresentamos a edição 5 da Revista Eletrônica de Sistemas de Informação. Os trabalhos apresentados constituem um meio de divulgação das pesquisas e reflexões sobre diferentes temáticas da área de informática. Fazem parte desta edição cinco artigos, abordando assuntos relacionados à multimídia, gestão do conhecimento, gestão de projetos e informática aplicada à medicina. Rogério Kinape e Mardson Amorim nos trazem o artigo “A study of the most important image quality measures” que apresenta uma discussão sobre as medidas de qualidade de imagem quanto ao seu desempenho. Andréa Sabedra Bordin e Renato Balancieri são os autores do trabalho “Proposta de uma Arquitetura de Agentes Móveis para Recuperação de Informação Útil e Distribuída no Processo de Gestão do Conhecimento”, no qual apresentam uma proposta para a utilização de uma arquitetura de agentes móveis no processo de gestão do conhecimento. No artigo “Técnicas de Animação em Ambientes Tridimensionais” os autores Walter Dutra da Silveira Neto e Adrei Krepsky apresentam um estudo dos princípios fundamentais de animação aplicados a um ambiente virtual de animação tridimensional. O artigo “Limitações das Atuais Soluções em Software: Uma Visão para Desenvolvimento de Ferramentas em Gestão de Projetos” dos autores Dani Juliano Czelusniak, Alessandro de Oliveira Binhara, Carlos Eduardo Yamasaki Sato, Dario Eduardo do Amaral Dergint e Luiz Alberto Pilatti apresenta um estudo que visa verificar as atuais limitações dos softwares de auxílio ao gestor de projetos, demonstrando como novas tecnologias de desenvolvimento de software podem contribuir para a construção de ferramentas mais eficazes. O quinto artigo de Osmir Kmeteuk Filho e Carolina Richter Anacleto, “Telemedicina: possibilidades versus realidade” apresenta um estudo das necessidades tecnológicas para a aplicação da telemedicina. Estes artigos

  12. Chemical and Microbiological Characterization for PDO Labelling of Typical East Piedmont (Italy Salami

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Gianotti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is focused on the characterisation of typical salami produced in Alessandria province (North West of Italy. Seventeen small or medium salami producers from this area were involved in the study and provided the samples investigated. The aim is double and consists in obtaining a screening of the characteristics of different products and following their evolution along ripening. The study involved five types of typical salami that were characterised for aroma components and nutritional features. This approach could provide a basis for a possible PDO or PGI label request. Principal Component Analysis and cluster analysis were used as multivariate statistical tools for data treatment. The overall results obtained point out that the products investigated do not deviate from analogous European products and show the possibility of characterising by specific parameters three main groups of samples: Salamini di Mandrogne, Muletta, and Nobile Giarolo; moreover some considerations can also be drawn with respect to the nutritional characterization considering the biogenic amines profile.

  13. Edificio para viviendas - Madrid (España

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    Camuñas, Estudio de arquitectura

    1972-10-01

    Full Text Available This building consists of 8 floors with 94 apartments, business premises, caretakers' apartments, and a basement garage with room for 132 vehicles. As the allotment was quite deep and a courtyard facing the street was not required, spacious interior courtyards were created which give a great deal of light, liberal ventilation and a certain nobility to the apartments overlooking these courtyards. There is only one entrance hall in which are found the lifts and on to which the various stairs converge. It is treated in landscape form. The structure is of reinforced concrete and the system of floorings is continuous with neither girders nor projections.El edificio se compone de 8 plantas con 94 viviendas, locales de negocios, viviendas auxiliares para conserjes, y sótano- garaje capaz para 132 vehículos. Dado que el solar tenía mucho fondo y no estaba previsto patio de manzana, se crearon amplios patios interiores que permitieran grandes luces, ventilación pródiga y cierta nobleza a la parte de las viviendas recayente a dichos patios. El zaguán es único, y de él parten las distintas escaleras y núcleos de ascensores. Está tratado de forma paisajística. Tiene estructura de hormigón armado y el sistema de forjados es continuo sin viguetas ni resaltos.

  14. 3种石斛叶片苹果酸含量日变化动态研究%Measurement of Malic Acid Diel Fluctuation of Leaves in Three Dendrobia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任建武; 王雁; 彭镇华; 胡青

    2010-01-01

    以鼓槌石斛(Dendrobium chrysotoxum)、金钗石斛(D.nobile)、报春石斛(D.primulinum) 为材料,长寿花(Kalanchoe blossfeldiana)、大叶落地生根(K. daigremontiana)为对照,采用高效反相液相色谱法测定试验材料的叶肉细胞苹果酸含量日变化.结果表明:3种石斛中,报春石斛表现为比较明显的景天酸代谢植物特征,苹果酸昼夜变化的节律呈现出典型的景天酸代谢植物阶段性波动;金钗石斛的苹果酸含量在一定程度上表现出有节律性变化,但是苹果酸的绝对量和节律性都与大叶落地生根有相当的差距;鼓槌石斛的叶肉苹果酸含量极低,不具备CAM植物特征.

  15. Phenolic composition of selected herbal infusions and their anti-inflammatory effect on a colonic model in vitro in HT-29 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elda Herrera-Carrera

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Some herbal infusions used in folk medicine in Mexico to treat gastrointestinal disorders were evaluated. Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds were analyzed on the lyophilized aqueous crude extracts (LACE of arnica (Aster gymnocephalus, chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile, cumin (Cominum cyminum, desert resurrection plant (DRP (Selaginella lepidophylla, laurel (Listea glaucescens, marjoram (Origanum majorana, mint (Mentha spicata, salvilla (Buddleia scordioides and yerbaniz (Tagetes lucida. Total phenolic content ranged from 8.0 to 70.7 μg GAE/mg for DRP and laurel respectively. Major phenolic compounds were identified by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography. The IC50 determined by the degradation of the deoxy-d-ribose ranged from 2,452.53 to 5,097.11 μg/mL. The cytoprotective effect of the LACE alone and on indomethacin-induced oxidative stress in HT-29 cells was tested. The tetrazolium dye MTT assay was performed in concentrations of 0.125–10 mg/mL allowing choosing the lowest concentration for this experimentation. Inflammation markers were measured by Western blotting. None of the extracts inhibited COX-1 by themselves; however, it was observed that extracts have a modulation effect over COX-2, TNFα, NFκB, and IL-8. By the decrease in the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, it follows that salvilla, chamomile, and laurel show promising anti-inflammatory effects.

  16. Raimbaut de Vaqueiras, “Domna, tant vos ai prejada” (BdT 392.7

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    Gilda Caiti-Russo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper will attempt to read Raimbaut de Vaqueiras’ ‘contrasto’ from the viewpoint of its explicit addressees: the late twelfth-century imperial nobility of north-western Italy, as embodied by the Malaspina family. The text’s distinctive bilingualism thus assumes social and political significance since it pits the claims of the feudal aristocracy of the hinterland against the power of the Genoese bankers and merchants. The dialectical relationship of the two sides involved, played out by the voices of the jongleur and the Genoese lady, is nevertheless also literary: Raimbaut appears to match popular poetry, poetry which is «non regulata» as Dante would later call it, against a century of courtly Occitan poetry distinguished by an extremely formal tradition. A carnivalesque dimension is thus present in the reciprocal illumination of the two poetic voices: if popular poetry is unregulated despite its expressive qualities, troubadour poetry is confined, by means of the parody of the genre of the ‘salut’, to topics far-removed from reality. Raimbaut’s aim then is to restructure trobar by going back to the beginning: to the Count of Poitiers and his political and cultural act of inventing a secular poetry of aristocratic inspiration and in the vernacular. A ‘male’ poetry that will be formulated by the surprising gap at the end of the poem.

  17. 欧洲传统狮纹图案的研究及其在现代标志设计中的运用%Study on European Traditional Lion Pattern and its Application in Modern Logo Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵蔚

    2015-01-01

    与我国传统的“虎”文化不同,欧洲文化尊崇“狮”文化。狮子拥有仪表堂堂的体魄、威严的仪态和贵族的气质,是力量和勇气的象征。狮纹图案作为欧洲贵族以及权力的象征,现代标志设计中也有越来越多的应用以及借鉴。研究欧洲传统狮纹图案,有助于我国借他山之石探寻传统纹样在现代标志设计中的运用。%Unlike Chinese traditional "Tiger" culture, "Lion" is respected in Europe. Lion has strong phy-sique, dignified manner and aristocratic temperament, whichrepresent strength and courage. As the symbol of Euro-pean nobility and power, lion pattern gets more and more application and usage in the modern logo design. Study on European traditional lion pattern can help us explore Chinese traditional patternsand make better use of them in mod-ern logo design.

  18. Influence of ECAP process on mechanical and corrosion properties of pure Mg and ZK60 magnesium alloy for biodegradable stent applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostaed, Ehsan; Vedani, Maurizio; Hashempour, Mazdak; Bestetti, Massimiliano

    2014-01-01

    Equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) was performed on ZK60 alloy and pure Mg in the temperature range 150-250 °C. A significant grain refinement was detected after ECAP, leading to an ultrafine grain size (UFG) and enhanced formability during extrusion process. Comparing to conventional coarse grained samples, fracture elongation of pure Mg and ZK60 alloy were significantly improved by 130% and 100%, respectively, while the tensile strength remained at high level. Extrusion was performed on ECAP processed billets to produce small tubes (with outer/inner diameter of 4/2.5 mm) as precursors for biodegradable stents. Studies on extruded tubes revealed that even after extrusion the microstructure and microhardness of the UFG ZK60 alloy were almost stable. Furthermore, pure Mg tubes showed an additional improvement in terms of grain refining and mechanical properties after extrusion. Electrochemical analyses and microstructural assessments after corrosion tests demonstrated two major influential factors in corrosion behavior of the investigated materials. The presence of Zn and Zr as alloying elements simultaneously increases the nobility by formation of a protective film and increase the local corrosion damage by amplifying the pitting development. ECAP treatment decreases the size of the second phase particles thus improving microstructure homogeneity, thereby decreasing the localized corrosion effects. PMID:25482411

  19. 宋代桐木韩氏家族世系考述%A Study on the Lineage of "Han Family with Phoenix Trees Around"in the Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨恒平

    2011-01-01

    Han family with phoenix trees around is an extremely typical scholar-bureaucrat family po-litically and academically renowned in the Song Dynasty. Hart family started to become noble since Han Yi became an imperial scholar. And when his sons, Han Zong, Han Jiang, Han Wei and Han Zhen, got such positions as Prime Minister, deputy Prime Minister and official in charge of drafting imperial mandates, the family reached the highest nobility and enjoyed the greatest reputation for a time. The change of its native place and lineage succession of Han family are a microcosm of the rise and fall of typical scholar-bureaucrat families in the Song Dynasty.%桐木韩氏家族,是宋代极具代表性的以政治、学术显世的士大夫家族。自韩亿以进士起家,至其子韩综、韩绛、韩维、韩缜,产生了二宰相、一副宰相、一知制诰,衣冠之盛,一时为天下冠。其家族里籍变迁及世系传承就是典型宋代士大夫家族沉浮兴衰的缩影。

  20. Combined Effect of Long Processing Time and Na2SiF6 on the Properties of PEO Coatings Formed on AZ91D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Zeeshan Ur; Koo, Bon Heun

    2016-08-01

    In this study, protective ceramic coatings were prepared on AZ91D magnesium alloy by plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) to improve the corrosion and mechanical properties of AZ91D magnesium alloy. The process was conducted in silicate-fluoride-based electrolyte solution. It was found that the average micro-hardness of the coating was significantly increased with an increase in the PEO processing time. The highest value of the average micro-hardness ~1271.2 HV was recorded for 60-min processing time. The phase analysis of the coatings indicated that they were mainly composed of Mg2SiO4, MgO, and MgF2 phases. The surface and cross-sectional study demonstrated that porosity was largely reduced with processing time, together with the change in pore geometry from irregular to spherical shape. The results of the polarization test in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution revealed that aggressive corrosion took place for 5-min sample; however, the corrosion current was noticeably decreased to 0.43 × 10-7 A/cm2 for the 60-min-coated sample. The superior nobility and hardness for long processing time are suggested to be due to the dense and highly thick coating, coupled with the presence of MgF2 phase.

  1. The Disciplined Intergenerational Writing ——80 's Writing as a Cultural Phenomenon%被规训的代际书写——“80后”写作作为一种文化现象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘桂茹

    2011-01-01

    As a disciplined intergenerational writing, the named and shaped 80's writing is a cultural phenomenon deserving careful consideration. At the same time, the critics often take the 80 's and the 80's writing as a cultural symbol. In the atmosphere of de-nobility and post-revolution, the youth writing is a sub-cultural form. In fact, the 80's writings are full of much confliction and paradox.%作为一种被规训的代际书写,“80后”写作的被命名、被形塑是一个值得关注的文化现象,这也使得更多的研究者倾向于把“80后”及“80后”写作看成一个文化符号。在去崇高的后革命氛围中,作为一种亚文化形态的青春写作,“80后”写作事实上充满着矛盾与悖论。

  2. Discrimination and chemical phylogenetic study of seven species of Dendrobium using infrared spectroscopy combined with cluster analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Congpei; He, Tao; Chun, Ze

    2013-04-01

    Dendrobium is a commonly used and precious herb in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The high biodiversity of Dendrobium and the therapeutic needs require tools for the correct and fast discrimination of different Dendrobium species. This study investigates Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy followed by cluster analysis for discrimination and chemical phylogenetic study of seven Dendrobium species. Despite the general pattern of the IR spectra, different intensities, shapes, peak positions were found in the IR spectra of these samples, especially in the range of 1800-800 cm-1. The second derivative transformation and alcoholic extracting procedure obviously enlarged the tiny spectral differences among these samples. The results indicated each Dendrobium species had a characteristic IR spectra profile, which could be used to discriminate them. The similarity coefficients among the samples were analyzed based on their second derivative IR spectra, which ranged from 0.7632 to 0.9700, among the seven Dendrobium species, and from 0.5163 to 0.9615, among the ethanol extracts. A dendrogram was constructed based on cluster analysis the IR spectra for studying the chemical phylogenetic relationships among the samples. The results indicated that D. denneanum and D. crepidatum could be the alternative resources to substitute D. chrysotoxum, D. officinale and D. nobile which were officially recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. In conclusion, with the advantages of high resolution, speediness and convenience, the experimental approach can successfully discriminate and construct the chemical phylogenetic relationships of the seven Dendrobium species.

  3. Spatial Politics of Race in Ralph Ellison ’s Invisible Man%拉尔夫·艾里森小说《看不见的人》的种族空间政治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱旭; 赵莉华

    2014-01-01

    拉尔夫·艾里森小说《看不见的人》借由一位无名无姓的黑人讲述其生活经历,展现了社会中的普遍意识:白人、富人的优越性和高贵性以及黑人、穷人的落后性和贫贱性。白人作为社会空间结构规划者将这种白/黑二元对立借由物理空间及物件物品的对立进行体现,形成列斐伏尔所谓的二元对立种族空间表征,规训和强化种族秩序。%Presenting the narration of an unknown black man’s life experience, Ralph Ellison’s Invisi-ble Man shows people’s common belief: the superiority and nobility of the whites and the rich, and the in-feriority and humbleness of the blacks and the poor. As the planners of social space structure, the whites make the binary opposition between the whites and the blacks represented through the opposition of the physical space and objects, forming racial “representation of space” by Henri Lefebvre to discipline and strengthen the social order.

  4. Disputes i compromisos entre l'església de Girona i la noblesa: Notes d'unes difícils relacions. Segles XI i XII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salrach, Josep M.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article are studied the disputes or conflicts between the ecclesiastic hierarchy and the aristocracy of the country of Girona in the era of the feudal change. The sources of information are the documents of the XI-XII Century of the Chartulary call of "Carlemany", of the bishop of Girona, edited by J. M. Marqués, and the documents of the XI Century of the cathedral of Gerona, edited by R. Marti. The article is split into two parts of unequal extension. In the first, the shortest, it is summarised the problem of the relationships between the Church and the civil power in the Late Antiquity and the High Middle Ages, until the XIXII Century. The approach is general, European, but is ended this part carrying the problems to the case of Catalonia. It is a study of the context in the one which the author attempts to find the bases of the attitude of the feudal nobility in theirs disputes with the Church. In the second part of the article are studied the disputes and the engagements (more the first tan the seconds between the cathedral of Gerona and the nobility. The analysis and the description are not effected in a way concrete, examining a dispute after other, that is to say. there is no studies of cases with lineages and personages identification, because prevails the global vision and the will of identifying the principal disputes and the general and dominant reasons of each part. The questions that they have guided the investigation are: With what obstacles stumbled the reform of the Church? Which were the concrete causes of the disputes? How they were solved these disputes? Which were the political bases, material, spiritual and cultural on those which the Church of Gerona sustained their engagements with the nobility? How they were articulated these engagements? Turned out to be it a work that interprets the reform of the Church in the framework of the feudal change process, and arrives to the conclusion of the fact that the reform was

  5. 唐代平民男子的服饰与生存状态初探——以唐墓壁画为例的考察%A Preliminary Probe into the Costumes and Living Conditions of Male Civilians in the Tang Dynasty——With the Frescos in Tang Tombs for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纳春英

    2011-01-01

    The frescos along the tomb passages show that the costumes for male civilians in the Tang dynasty included those for the head,for the body and for the feet.They were usually made of sackcloth or felt.These costumes,compared with those of the contemporary nobility,were simple in style and poor in quality,which meant that the civilians still led a hard life even during the heydays of the Tang dynasty,one of the most prosperous in China's history.%从墓道壁画所反映的情况来看,唐代平民男子的服饰主要有:首服、身服、足服三大部分。材质主要有:麻、罽(毡、裘)等。这些服饰与同期的贵族相较,款式简单、轻便,材质简陋。说明唐代平民男子即使身处盛世仍生存艰难。

  6. Letteratura, ideologia e contraddizioni socioeconomiche in Russia. 1825-1861

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    Guido Carpi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Literature, Ideology and Socio-Economical Contradictions in Russia. 1825-1861 Studying the evolution of poetical forms as a succession of interferences between socioeconomic and ideological series helps to unravel the way Russian literature of the period going from the Bednaja Liza up to the abolition of serfdom develops in close connection with the crisis of the pomest’ja. The intellectuals who become spokesmen of the culture of declining nobility elaborate a “patrimonial-patriarchal” ideology according to which “freedom” is considered only negatively, as isolation of a community based on either parental relationships or personal (= feudal fidelity from all modern intermediary mechanisms (State, money, urban society, codified laws. On the other hand, such ideology is objectified in a well-defined series of literary paradigms, which is a sign of the contradictory and destruction-bound relationship between the small pomeščik and modernity: the projection of an imaginary pre-political and pre-modern “Golden Age” on some vague and idealized past goes together with an oppressive sense of threat and an anthropologic involution of the noble character (degraded to an outlaw or a gambler as the contradictions of contemporary reality become worse and worse. Only after the crisis of 1861 the traditional social group yields cultural hegemony to other subjects, to other instances and other representations of reality, both in the field of ideology and in literary practice.

  7. The Development of Tourism in Istria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton Gosar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Ahead of the fall of the Iron Curtain, the Northern Adriatic, the area then shared by Yugoslavia and Italy, made headlines in European geopolitics and economy. In the post-w w2 era, it sparked conflicts followed by a co-operation between communistic and democratic societies, became the main economic gateway of East Central Europe through the wide inland ports (Trieste, Koper and Rijeka, and became a major Mediterranean tourist destination with numerous resorts. Thus, it is a manufacturing site, transshipment area and playground at the same time. In the second half of the 20th century, tourism growth set new goals for the region. Instead of competition and rivalry, complementarities and natural and cultural protection on regional and nation-state levels are sought. In this paper, the structure and problems of tourism development in selected areas of the Northern Adriatic region, in particular the Istrian Peninsula, driven by market economy forces, will be discussed. Istria has a long history as a desired destination of leisure. In the 19th and the early 20th centuries, nobility and intellectuals became acquainted with the geography of the peninsula, the Austrian and Venetian heritage, and the multinational Romance, Slavic and Germanic environments. At the dawn of the 21st century, development of tourism, tourist visits, and their impact on societies and cultural landscapes can be compared to Costa Brava and other tourist areas of the Mediterranean.

  8. "Raza" : Variables Históricas

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    Max S. Hering Torres

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses "race" as a social practice, a construction, and as an idea that has been developed through the power of discourse. This category, rather than a biological reality, is an intellectual and social construction which has had a variety of meanings attributed to it through history. The concept of "race," however, has preserved its functionality: to differentiate, segregate, and distort otherness. In this way, it has racialized social relations through biological determinism. To substantiate this hypothesis, the article undertakes a historical analysis to demonstrate the dynamics and variability of the racial imaginary. It sketches the outline of a history of race that includes the Spanish idea of the "Purityof Blood" (16-17th centuries, the legitimizing discoursesofthe French nobility (17-18th centuries, the ambivalence of the Enlightenment, aswell as 19th century scientific racism as a preludeofthe Holocaustor Shoah. The article concludeswithsome reflections derived from genetics as additional proof of the fictional nature of the concept of "race."

  9. 简·奥斯汀笔下的男性形象分析%An Analysis on Jane Austen’ s Heroes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶辛

    2014-01-01

    British writer Jane Austen created several heroes of different characteristics in her six novels .Up to date, the Austen studies in China mainly focus on Austen ’ s opinion about marriage , love and women whereas Aus-ten ’ s heroes are hardly mentioned .This article tries to reveal the characteristics of Jane Austen ’ s heroes by analy-zing the images of male characters in her works through aspects of nobility , the spirit of chivalry , the essence of gentlemen, the puritan tradition and dandyism .%英国作家简·奥斯汀在她的六部小说中塑造了许多性格不同的男性,迄今为止,国内的奥斯汀研究多涉及奥斯汀的婚姻观、爱情观与女性观,而对奥斯汀笔下的男性探究较少。论文试图从贵族主义、骑士精神、绅士特质、清教传统、纨绔主义角度分析奥斯汀作品中男性形象的渊源,揭示作家眼中同时代的英国男性的特点。

  10. Migraciones artesanos, política señorial y cambios en la especialización productiva en la industria lanera de Béjar, 1691-1782

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa ROS MASSANA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Durante la primera mitad del siglo XVIII, la inmigración de artesanos extranjeros cualificados, impulsada por los duques de Béjar, favoreció la especialización de la industria textil lanera de esta localidad castellana en pañería de calidad fina y entrefina. Después de describir las características de estas migraciones, se revisa la política de fomento de las actividades industriales por parte de la casa ducal, que debe contemplarse en el marco de una estructura de la renta feudal centrada en la alcabala. Finalmente, se subrayan los efectos ambivalentes del conjunto de la actuación señorial sobre la trayectoria industrial de Béjar.ABASTRACT: During the first half of eigteenth century, the inmigration of foreign skilled artisans, stimulated by the Duke of Béjar, favoured the specialization in the production of medium and high quality woollen cloths in the Castilian village of Béjar. After describing the caracteristics of this migration, this article revises the Duke promotion policies of industrial activities, which needs to be comtemplated in the context of a feudal income focused in the alcabala. Finaly, the ambivalent effects of the nobility policies are emphasized.

  11. Cadet Education in the Imperial Russia: Genesis, Dialectics and the Role in Social Structure of the Society

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    Alexander P. Abramov

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article, using historic and sociological material, presents genesis, dialectics and the role of cadet education of the imperial Russia in the social structure of the society, its weak and strong aspects, determines major stratified features of its graduates. The author notes that the realization of the practice of professional socialization in cadet corps in certain historical period is determined by the social conditions and the factors of the development of the society, its structure and environment, reproducing the modal personality of the future officer. The professional environment of the cadet education in the imperial Russia is defined as closed, line, self-organizing system. Such environment provided the graduates with high social status and prestige in different fields, defined by generic characteristics (affiliation to nobility. Along with high educational and cultural level, modal personality of the graduate is characterized by aloofness from the juniors and subordinates, individualism and careerism, certain closedness towards one’s nation and other social groups.

  12. Arquetas nobiliarias de la segunda mitad del siglo XVI para el servicio de la Iglesia

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    Heredia Moreno, Carmen

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article several silver caskets dating from the second half of 16th century are analysed. They belonged to distinguished members of the nobility and today are located in various Castilian churches. Their shape, origin and iconography are studied as well as the important role that these profane objects played in the Catholic liturgy of the Counter-Reformation Spanish Church.

    En este artículo se analizan varias arquetas de plata de la segunda mitad del siglo XVI que pertenecieron a destacados miembros de la nobleza y el clero y que hoy se guardan en diferentes iglesias castellanas. Además de su forma y de su posible origen, se presta atención a su programa iconográfico y se valora el importante papel que estos objetos profanos desempeñaron en la liturgia católica en el contexto de la Iglesia española de la Contrarreforma.

  13. Come e cosa desidera la narrativa italiana degli anni Zero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianluigi Simonetti

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo analizza il trattamento del tema del desiderio - erotico e amoroso - nel romanzo italiano degli ultimi anni, impegnandosi nell'esame ravvicinato di alcuni testi esemplari. La campionatura vuole da un lato isolare alcune opere rappresentative della situazione attuale della narrativa contemporanea, dall'altro  proporre un'ipotesi categoriale che seziona il campo di studio in tre parti; il sondaggio sembra infatti suggerire che le dinamiche del desiderio vengono rese in maniera specifica nei diversi ambiti della letteratura di consumo, in quella di 'nobile intrattenimento' e in quella 'forte' e letterariamente più ambiziosa. L'analisi formale risulta insomma integrata a una prospettiva di stroria dello stile, secondo un metodo che permette di utilizzare la figuralità letteraria come 'indicatore sociologico' di processi politici (e forse antropologici in atto.

  14. Myth or Reality? Ottoman Support for Hungarian Rebels in Light of a Secret Transylvanian Mission to the Porta (1669-1670

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georg B. Michels

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The attempt of the Hungarian political elite to form an alliance with the Ottomans after the disastrous Vasvár Treaty (1664 remains one of the least researched topics of Hungarian and Habsburg history. This paper examines the little known attempt of Prince Mihály Apafi, the Ottoman appointed ruler of Transylvania, to intercede on behalf of the Hungarian nobility with Grand Vezir Ahmed Köprülü (1661-1676, the de facto ruler of the Ottoman Empire. The carefully crafted instructions issued to Apafi’s secret emissary, the Turkish-speaking Dávid Rozsnyai, and Rozsnyai’s detailed report about his encounters with Köprülü and top ranking Ottoman powerbrokers, provide unprecedented insights into the nature of Hungarian contacts with the Porta and reveal the deeply engrained conviction of many Hungarian nobles—both Catholics and Protestants—that becoming the sultan’s vassals was the only way to guarantee the survival of an independent Hungarian Kingdom.

  15. Habsburg Austria: Experiments in Non-Territorial Autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzmany, Börries

    2016-01-01

    Abstract In the early twentieth century, three provinces of the Austrian half of the Habsburg Empire enacted national compromises in their legislation that had elements of non-territorial autonomy provisions. Czech and German politicians in Moravia reached an agreement in 1905. In the heavily mixed Bukovina, Romanian, Ukrainian, German, Jewish and Polish representatives agreed on a new provincial constitution in 1909. Last but not least, Polish and Ukrainian nationalists compromised in spring 1914, just a few months before the outbreak of the First World War vitiated the new provisions. Even though the provisions of these agreements varied substantially, new electoral laws introducing national registers were at their heart. These were designed to ensure a fairer representation of national groups in the provincial assemblies and to keep national agitation out of electoral campaigns. The earliest compromise in Moravia went furthest in consociational power sharing. However, the national bodies within the provincial assembly had no right to tax their respective national communities, and the provisions of the provincial constitutions kept the non-nationally defined nobility as an important counterbalance. The compromises in Bukovina and Galicia, even if they categorised all inhabitants nationally, contented themselves with even less autonomous agency for the national bodies in the provincial assemblies and rather emphasised the symbolic elements of national autonomy. The non-territorial approach in all three crownlands, however, was an instrument to reorganise multi-ethnic provinces that increasingly became the model for national compromises in other Austrian provinces. PMID:27499799

  16. Human freedom and the brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kornhuber, Hans Helmut

    2009-06-01

    Freedom of will does exist, it is self-leadership of man based on reason and ethos. Evidence comes from truth. Determinism cannot be proved since if you try, you mean to prove a truth; but there is no truth without freedom. By contrast for freedom there are many pieces of evidence e.g. science, arts, technology. Freedom utilizes creative abstract thinking with phantasy. Freedom is graded, limited, based on nature, but not developed without good will. We perceive reliably freedom by self-consciousness and in other persons as long as we are sober. Freedom needs intelligence, but is more, it is a creative and moral virtue. The basis for freedom is phylogenesis and culture, in the individual learning and experimenting. Factors in the becoming of freedom are not only genes and environment but also self-discipline. But the creativity of free will is dangerous. Man therefore needs morale. Drives and feelings become humanized, cultural interests are developed. There is a humane nobility from long good will. PMID:25384854

  17. "Diarium patris ministri", a Jesuit view of social structures at the break of 18th century in south-west Bohemian town of Klatovy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerný, Karel

    2009-01-01

    The Jesuit college in the Czech town of Klatovy was founded in 1636 and canceled in 1773. It had its own grammar school and numerous contacts with local nobility and church dignitaries. The college was the most important house of a catholic order in the area and baroque festivities organised by the jesuits were visited (or it would be better to say taken part in) by a wide spectrum of members of the local society. The Jesuits concerned not only on careful arrangement of their ecclesiastical celebrations, but also on presence of the important guests. They recorded numbers of the guests who visited the college and their social status in the college manuscripts. The records were then used for an internal need of the order. Till the present day three manuscripts related to the college in Klatovy have been preserved. The most interesting records of the guests are in the diary of father "minister" of the college. The article focuses on a reconstruction of a not very conventional view of social structure in an average Czech town in the beginnig of 18th century. I'm trying to describe the social situation from the jesuit point of view using internal records of the order. PMID:20063670

  18. Social inequality and death as illustrated in late-medieval death dances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackenbach, J P

    1995-09-01

    Late-medieval murals and books of the then-popular "dances of death" usually represented the living according to their social standing. These works of art thus provide an interesting opportunity to study the relationship between social inequality and death as it was perceived by the works' commissioners or executers. The social hierarchy in these dances of death is mostly based on the scheme of the three orders of the feudal society; variations relate to the inclusion of female characters, new occupations, and non-Christian characters. Many dances of death contain severe judgments on highplaced persons and thus seem to be expressions of a desire for greater social equality. However, a more thorough analysis reveals that the equality of all before death that these dances of death proclaimed held nothing for the poor but only threatened the rich. Because of a lack of reliable data, it is not yet completely clear whether during the late Middle Ages all were indeed equally at risk for premature mortality. Available evidence, however, suggests that the clergy and nobility actually had a higher life expectancy than people placed lower in the social hierarchy. Despite modern changes in the perception of, and knowledge about, social inequality and mortality, these dances of death still capture the imagination, and they suggest that the phenomenon of socioeconomic inequalities in mortality could be used more to emphasize contemporary moral messages on social inequality. PMID:7661241

  19. Le unioni civili e il “passo del gambero” del Presidente della CEI

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    Giuseppe Casuscelli

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Fare “il passo del gambero” è un detto che può avere un significato alto, di cui è un esempio il libro (dal medesimo titolo di Günter Grass, autore che va “diritto al cuore delle cose, procedendo … di sghembo attraverso la storia, fra passato e presente” per potere guardare al futuro con la consapevolezza delle vicende vissute da ogni popolo, da ogni persona con fatica, errori, dolore. Ha poi un significato meno nobile, diffuso al punto d’essere assurto a luogo comune, che richiama l'agire di quanti, nell’affrontare le scelte richieste dalla vita, collettive o personali che siano, usino fare (figurativamente un passo avanti per farne poi alcuni all’indietro. Ora, la vicenda delle unioni civili – e in particolare il tema dell’adozione del figlio del compagno nella coppia di persone dello stesso sesso – avrebbe consentito alla Chiesa italiana di parlare ai fedeli e all’intero paese prescegliendo l’uno o l’altro dei significati.

  20. Law and Memory. The Many Aspects of the Legal Inquisition in the Medieval Crown of Aragon

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    Kagay, Donald J.

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the importance of the legal inquisition in the medieval Crown of Aragon. The form is reviewed from its Roman origins through the influence of Visigothic law and that of the various law codes of eastern Spain during the Middle Ages. The use of the legal inquisition by the crown, the church, the nobility and town governments clearly demonstrates how adaptable it could be. The form's manipulation of both written evidence and witness testimony is crucial for the understanding of how Iberian law perceived and shaped the memory of past events.

    Este artículo analiza la importancia de la encuesta judicial en la Corona de Aragón en la Edad Media. El autor re visa esta forma jurídica desde sus orígenes romanos, pasando por la influencia de la ley visigótica y la de los varios códigos legales de la España oriental durante el Medievo. El uso de la encuesta judicial por la corona, la iglesia, la nobleza y los gobiernos municipales demuestra claramente cuan adaptable podía ser. La manipulación de la encuesta, de la evidencia escrita y de las declaraciones de los testigos son cruciales para comprender cómo la ley ibérica percibió y estableció la memoria de acontecimientos pasados.

  1. PENGGUNAAN KATA SAPAAN DALAM BAHASA MELAYU KUTAI

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    Wenny Rusbiyantoro

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Kutai Malay language is the language that is widely used to communicate in East Kalimantan, especially in the territory of the former Kingdom of Kutai Kartanegara. This study tries to describe the use of address terms in Kutai Malay language and factors that influence the use of it. This research project uses sociolinguistic approaches associated with theories of ethnography of communication developed by Hymes, and is conducted in 3 stages. First, in compiling data, the writer uses the interview technique, listening technique, and questionnaires. Secondly, in data analysis, she uses the method of equivalent translation and pragmatics. Thirdly, in presenting the results of the analysis, she uses informal methods, in which words are written without technical symbols. The results show that Kutai Malay language has a number of address terms. They are kinship address, pronouns, proper names, titles of nobility, zero markers, and epithets.   Keywords  :    terms of address, Kutai Malay language, kinship, social factors

  2. 回归美德伦理--生态伦理的反思与重构%Return to Virtue Ethics--Reflection and Reconstruction of Ecological Ethics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王阳

    2014-01-01

    The main goal of ecological ethics is in pursuit of harmony between man and nature, but in the modern ecological ethics, either anthropocentrism or non-anthropocentrism has the features of normative eth⁃ics, and its own limitations is not able to guide people's ecological moral life in the round. The ethical virtue and the inherent nobility of virtue ethics can resolve the ethical norms of incommensurability and reconstruct the harmony of ethical thought.%生态伦理追求的主要目标是人与自然的和谐,然而现代生态伦理思想中无论是人类中心主义还是非人类中心主义都具有规范伦理的特征,而规范伦理因其自身的局限性并不能够全面指导人们的生态道德生活。美德伦理因其内在德性以及伦理崇高性可以化解规范伦理的不可公度性,重构和谐共生的生态伦理思想。

  3. Some notes on the pantun storytelling of the Baduy minority group its written and audiovisual documentation

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    Wim van Zanten

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Baduy pantun stories are part of the larger Sundanese oral tradition of pantun storytelling in west Java. The stories recount the deeds of the nobility of such old Sundanese kingdoms as Pajajaran and Galuh. Although the Baduy still recite the pantun stories in their rituals, in the larger cities to the east of the Baduy village Kanékés pantun recitation almost disappeared. On the basis of short periods of fieldwork in and around Kanékés village between 1976 and 2014, in this essay I shall discuss Baduy pantun storytelling. I shall summarize earlier major publications and analyse some performance aspects of two Baduy pantun stories which I recorded. Although I do not concentrate on the text, I do discuss a few cultural issues arising from the texts. Baduy oral literature also includes children’s and women’s songs, as well as fables and myths of origin (dongéng which do not involve music. These will not be discussed here.

  4. Gestuelle courtoise et écartes discourtois dans Flamenca

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    Luminiţa Diaconu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Coagulated at the end of the 11th century at the seigniorial courts from the southern France and spread afterward in the northern French territory, the courteous ethical code intended to be a set of rules representative for the nobility. It included, between other elegant specifics, the discipline of the body, necessarily based on the self-control and, in the same time, on a distinguished, elegant, polite and moderated gesture. The Middle Ages imaginary and mainly the literature from the 12th and the 13th centuries are full of this kind of examples. In fact, the elite’s will to adhere on this ethics and to appropriate it till transforming it in its second nature represents the theme of the courteous novels, focused on some characters which are symbols for the ideal courteous values. By contrast, some other characters are not only at the limit of the courteous model, but also transgress its principles by more or less serious discourteous deviations. The Occitan novel Flamenca (from the 13th century, that we are focusing on, illustrates this trend: one of its principal characters, the signor Archambaut, shows, immediately after his marriage with Flamenca, an unexpected regression, in fact a profound alteration of the courtly behavior, in terms of verbal and mainly gestural manners.

  5. Synthesis and Study of Electrical Properties of SbTeI

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    Harish K. Dubey

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Needle shaped SbTeI crystals were obtained by solid state reaction. Electrical resistance was measured in the temperature range of 4 K to 550 K. SbTeI shows a metallic behavior from 4 K to 300 K, and at higher temperature (>300 K, it shows semiconducting behavior. Unlike SbSI, this material shows almost zero resistance around 550 K. It shows a piezoelectric behavior with a capacitance of 717 pF and its carrier density and nobilities are found to be 2.12 × 1016 cm−3 and 1.01 cm2/(V·s, respectively. Crystals of SbTeI are characterized by XRD, SEM, and Raman analysis. Electrical activation energy is found to be 0.52 eV. It is suggested that this material may be studied for its application as a superconductor with Tc higher than room temperature.

  6. Formas de religiosidad de la nobleza navarra en la Edad Moderna

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    Orduna Portús, Pablo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available During the Old Regime, religion permeated all important social, community and cultural events. In this regard, nothing was improvised by the navarresse nobility. A special care was put into the details of each funeral ritual and of the last will. Traditionally seeking help on Earth to atone in Purgatory their sins committed during his earthly life. In that sense, the chaplaincies pious works, arranged in wills play a significant role.Durante el Antiguo Régimen, la religión impregnaba todos los actos de mayor trascendencia social, comunitaria y cultural. A este respecto, nada era improvisado por la nobleza navarra. Se ponía un especial cuidado en los detalles de cada ritual funerario y en las disposiciones de última voluntad. Se tenía presente la necesidad de buscar ayuda en la tierra para la expiación en el Purgatorio de aquellos pecados cometidos a lo largo de su vida terrenal. En ese sentido jugaron un papel sumamente importante la fundación de capellanías y las mandas pías dispuestas en los testamentos.

  7. “De genere militari ex utroque parente”. La nobleza eclesiástica y los inicios de la catedral gótica de Gerona

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    Molina Figueras, Joan

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Throughout this study it is important to highlight the fundamental role that the members of the chapter performed in the geroninian project. For this outstanding group of people, basically coming from the low nobility of Alt Empordà, the new building enterprise resulted in the possibility of satisfaying the desire of promoting ecclesiastic benefits, as well as the objective of having new spaces —the chapels of the choir— conceived as the expression of glory and individual memory as well as the lineage.

    A lo largo de este estudio se pone de relieve el papel fundamental que desempeñaron los miembros del cabildo en el proyecto y construcción de la cabecera de la catedral gerundense. Para este grupo de personajes, básicamente procedentes de la baja nobleza altoampurdanesa, la nueva empresa edilicia supuso la posibilidad de satisfacer el deseo de promover beneficios eclesiásticos así como el objetivo de disponer de nuevos espacios —las capillas de la girola— concebidos como expresión de la gloria y la memoria individual y del linaje.

  8. La Provincia Bética de la Orden de Predicadores durante la Baja Edad Media. Los frailes = The Province of Betica of the Order of Preachers in the Late Middle Age. The friars

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    Miura Andrades, José María

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: La presencia de la Orden de Predicadores en los territorios de la futura Provincia Bética, corre paralela a los procesos de conquista y repoblación del territorio acometidos por la Corona de Castilla entre los siglos XIII y XV. Analizamos los procesos de implantación conventual, la creación de los primeros centros de enseñanza, sus vínculos con la monarquía, la nobleza y el conjunto social en los distintos territorios hasta la creación de la Provincia Bética. Tras ello, estudiamos la adecuación de la misma al gran reto que supone la incorporación de los territorios americanos a la Corona de Castilla y la necesidad de labor pastoral para los pobladores de los nuevos territorios = Abstract: The presence of the Order of Preachers in the future Betica Province runs in parallel to the processes of conquest and repopulation of the territories by the Castilla Kingdom between the 13th and 15th Centuries. We analyse the processes of Convent foundation, the growth of its first schools, its links with monarchy, nobility and social groups in the different territories until the creation of the Betica Province. In addition to this, we study its adequacy to the challenge that the incorporation of the American territories into the Castilla Kingdom meant, and the need of pastoral work for the population in the new territories.

  9. Reducing Structural Violence through Entrepreneurial Tourism: Case Study in Hambantota District, Sri Lanka

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    Shammika DLAH

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is increasingly recognized as an effective means of achieving peace in world. In this paper tourism’s contribution for peace will be discussed in a broader sense with identification of structural violence as the main cause of Sri Lankan conflict. Structural violence is the process of deprivation of needs. It is characterized politically as repression, and economically by exploitation. The methodology used in this paper to identify ‘how entrepreneurial tourism can contribute to alleviate structural violence’ was basically qualitative. The methodology was based on the grounded theory which portrays the world as being complex and organized by both overt and hidden power structures. It was revealed during the process of data collection that the structural violence was functioning by means of polarization of the social structures such as caste, ethnicity, economic status, nobility, educational status into different strata together with grouping of people into the consequential ends leading to social uneasiness. People engaged in entrepreneurial activities are entrapped in a viscous system of unfair resource allocation and production exploitation operating through intermediaries. The paper suggests that it is necessary to seek remedies to increase the capacity of entrepreneurs to overcome the destructive force of the structural violence.

  10. Van bescheiden humanist tot vechtjas. Viglius van Aytta en de crisis van 1566-1567

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    F. Postma

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available From Modest Humanist to Argumentative Aggressor. Viglius van Aytta and the Crisis of 1566-1567In this essay I examine the dealings of the president of the Privy Council of the Netherlands, Viglius van Aytta (1507-1577 between the presentation of the Request of the Lower Nobility in April 1566 and the departure of Alva and his army from Italy a year later. Since Motley, Fruin and Bakhuizen van den Brink in the nineteenth century reinvented the Dutch Revolt, Viglius, in spite of his intellect and office, has not been held in high esteem. At best he was considered to be mediocre, and at worst a coward. The most recent verdict on Viglius was passed by H.G. Koenigsberger who referred to him in 2001 as ‘an intelligent if unimaginative lawyer from Friesland’. My essay is an attempt to refute this incorrect image. I do this by looking at the way Viglius handled the crisis of 1566-1567 in the first and the second town of the Netherlands, Brussels and Antwerp.

  11. ВПЛИВ СОЦІАЛЬНОГО СКЛАДУ ЗЕМСТВ СЛОБОЖАНЩИНИ НА ЇХНЮ ДІЯЛЬНІСТЬ У РОЗБУДОВІ ПОЧАТКОВОЇ НАРОДНОЇ ОСВІТИ

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    М. В. Широколава

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article tells us about the reform of local government of the Russian Empire in the middle of the 19th ct., which also extended on the Kharkiv province. The essence of an electoral system which formally provided the equal rights for all social categories of the population, but actually limited electoral rights to class privileges and a property qualification is revealed in this article. It gave unilateral advantages to the local nobility. The dependence of local government activities in the development of primary education from social composition of these bodies is considered on the example of the Kharkiv province. Thus the settled thesis about low activity in the sphere of primary education, as a consequence of prevalence of noblemen in body of a local government is disproved. It is specified how by the efforts of local government of the Kharkiv province the school net extended, training of teachers was carried out, the system of final examinations was changed. It tells about the opposition of local government with representatives of the state power, which tried to limit the influence of the community on the development of a national education in the region.

  12. Las «tradiciones peruanas» y el imaginario de la nobleza titulada del virreinato

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    Hampe Martínez, Teodoro

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available In his Peruvian Traditions Ricardo Palma gave visible form to an image of the society, habits and most representative figures of the Peruvian history, focusing on the priviledged group integrated by the Viceroyalty's nobility. Mirroring the colonial heritage of the 19th Century, Palma represents an exceptional bridge towards the popular imaginario of the Ancient Regime. Although nonvoluntary errors or even distortions may have tainted his reconstruction of the facts, the «Traditions» put forward a mental universe which helps us to understand the experiences and human conditions of the past.

    Al plasmar en sus «tradiciones» una imagen de la sociedad, las costumbres y las figuras más representativas de la historia peruana, Ricardo Palma se fija en el grupo privilegiado de la nobleza titulada del Virreinato. Reflejando la herencia colonial del siglo XIX, Palma significa un puente excepcional hacia el imaginario popular del antiguo régimen. Aunque su reconstrucción de los hechos pueda estar viciada por errores involuntarios, o aun por tergiversaciones, las «tradiciones» expresan un universo mental que nos ayuda singularmente a comprender las experiencias y las condiciones humanas de ese pasado.

  13. La difesa della donna ebrea: Sara Copio Sullam e Debora Ascarelli

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    Umberto Fortis

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Sara Copio Sullam and Debora Ascarelli, the best-known Jewish women poets of the age of the Italian ghetto, have often been studied with a focus on the distinctive features of their writing: the former as a translator of sacred texts, the latter as the author of original verses, sometimes written as a risposta per le rime (reply through rhymes or in defence of her orthodoxy. They share, however, a common theme, which has often been neglected: the defence of the Jewish woman, which is overt in some of Copio’s sonnets and prose, whereas it has not yet been properly pointed out in some of Ascarelli’s verses. This paper aims at bringing this theme to the fore not only in Copio, through a rereading of some passages of her Manifesto, but also in Debora Ascarelli, through an analysis of her few original verses. These hendecasyllables certainly reflect the Petrarchan and classicistic atmosphere of the late 16th century in Rome, but they are far from the mainstream modes of women’s poetry of the age. They allow us, therefore, to highlight, besides the differences, the similarities between the two poetesses; their commitment, in the late 16th and early 17th century, to the intellectual and moral defence of the Jewish woman, in a context of general depreciation of women, but also in the background of the claim to the “nobility and excellence of women”.

  14. PROJECTION OF KNIGHTLY AWARDS TO THE PRESENT

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    Oreshkina M. A.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The archetypes of knights and nobility are alive and exist nowadays. The question is how this influence is carried out qualitatively and quantitatively as far as it is obvious and what ways of its influence. We will consider interaction of the medal organizations with society and penetration of their archetypes in centuries today. The fullest concept of the Award was developed now by Maxim Kalashnikov (Kucherenko Vladimir Aleksandrovich. And the purpose of it of "An award of new sword-bearers" is revival of Russia, as independent imperial state. It is possible to assume that the word "Award" turns on some mechanisms hidden in us leading to realization of its archetype, and then and its development, so to speak "germination of seeds" in centuries, and even the millennia. As the material carrier of archetypes various structures can act. For example, it can be the genetic level which is shown in a complex, multicircuit and multilevel structure of human mentality, so and a brain. It can be also field structures which accumulate information and in which a brain of the person only the send-receive device and the antenna, proceeding from that, for example, that the nature of planetary superreason is the integrated association of physical fields what in due time V.I. Vernadsky closely approached

  15. Self-Similarity in Population Dynamics: Surname Distributions and Genealogical Trees

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    Paolo Rossi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The frequency distribution of surnames turns out to be a relevant issue not only in historical demography but also in population biology, and especially in genetics, since surnames tend to behave like neutral genes and propagate like Y chromosomes. The stochastic dynamics leading to the observed scale-invariant distributions has been studied as a Yule process, as a branching phenomenon and also by field-theoretical renormalization group techniques. In the absence of mutations the theoretical models are in good agreement with empirical evidence, but when mutations are present a discrepancy between the theoretical and the experimental exponents is observed. Hints for the possible origin of the mismatch are discussed, with some emphasis on the difference between the asymptotic frequency distribution of a full population and the frequency distributions observed in its samples. A precise connection is established between surname distributions and the statistical properties of genealogical trees. Ancestors tables, being obviously self-similar, may be investigated theoretically by renormalization group techniques, but they can also be studied empirically by exploiting the large online genealogical databases concerning European nobility.

  16. The“affection based”Idea and Its Values in Moral Reconstruction in Ethics View%伦理学视野下的“情本体”思想及其在道德重构中的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐萍; 刘洁

    2013-01-01

    Mr. Li Zehou’s book“Ethics Framework”explains his“anthropological history of ontology”ethical philosophy: abandons Kant’s“practical reason”, puts forward two morals and“rational cohesion”concept, and discusses the“feeling body”ideology. Mr. Li Zehou’s“affection ontology”thought in ethical philosophy is of a very important value in re-establishing moral sanctity and nobility, building contemporary ethical mor-al and updating contemporary moral philosophy of education.%李泽厚先生的《伦理学纲要》一书阐释了他的“人类学历史本体”的伦理哲学思想:扬弃了康德的“实践理性”,提出了两种道德及“理性凝聚”概念,论述了“情本体”思想。李泽厚先生的伦理哲学思想中的“情本体”思想,对重新确立道德的神圣性与崇高性、构建当代的伦理道德以及更新当代道德教育理念等方面,都具有十分重要的价值。

  17. 东汉邓禹家族的文德教育与文学成就%The Virtue-Literary Education and Literary Achievements of Deng Yu's Family in Eastern Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘德杰

    2012-01-01

    邓禹家族是东汉世族中"可以为后世法"的文化典范。他们注重德行与文学教育,培养了矜重内敛、好尚学问而不弃武略的家风。邓禹家族文学主要是政治家的文学,以严密的理性分析见长,彰显了邓氏政治家经纬天下的胸怀与韬略,对汉魏政治、经学、文史之学影响很深。%Deng Yu's family is a cultural model in Eastern Han Dynasty that would be followed by the later generations of nobility. The family always pays attention to education in virtue and literature, thus develops a family tradition that is reserved, introverted, eager to learn and not underestimating military strategy. Deng Yu family's literature is mainly of political nature, known for rigorous rational analysis, which demonstrates Deng's mind and military strategy in charge of the country. Deng Yu family's literature influences profoundly on the politics, Confucianism, literature and historiography in Han-Wei period.

  18. ‘Green World’: The Mock-Pastoral of The Irish R.M.

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    Andrew J. Garavel

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available As the Anglo-Irish Ascendancy’s hold on the land of Ireland was being loosened in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Somerville and Ross turned to the mode of comic pastoral. William Empson defines the literary mode of pastoral as writing ‘about’ the common people, but not ‘by’ or ‘for’ them. The popular short stories about the experiences of Major Sinclair Yeates, ‘the Irish R.M.’, depict for a modern readership his encounter with a pre-modern society in rural Ireland which is wild and uncouth compared to the metropolitan world, but at the same time more open, generous, and free from moral strictures. The stories conform to a number of pastoral conventions, including nostalgia for a rural ‘golden age’ in the recent past, and a thorough-going mixture of high and low elements (e.g., nobility and crudity, kindliness and knavery, etc.

  19. 清代蒙古僧侣贵族述论%Mongolian Monks of Noble of Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王力

    2012-01-01

    清代蒙古社会僧侣贵族的产生,主要有蒙古王公贵族出家为僧、西藏高僧活佛转世以及中央政府册封等,这三种途径既相互交织,又各具特色。僧侣贵族的形成,不仅改变了蒙古的社会结构,而且在一定程度上对蒙古社会的发展产生了重要影响。%Based on the various literature material, this article discusses the Mongolian social monks noble formed way and its ihtluence in Qing Dynasty. produced way of monks noble, basically have Mongolia nobility Mongolian took vows to become a monk, reincarnation of Tibetan monks and the central government conferring, the three kind of way is mutually intertwined, and each has its own characteristics. The formation of the monks noble, not only change the Mongolian social structure, and to a certain extent to the development of Mongolian society has produced important influence.

  20. 论文学存在的价值与作家的审美追求%On the existent worth of literature and the writer's appreciation of beauty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵月美

    2001-01-01

    浸润文学的人文关怀,观照文学的时代精神,辉映文学的崇高感,提供他者经验的参照性等,是文学存在的价值所在。这与作家的生活阅历、社会见闻和艺术修养直接关联,但更离不开作家对生命的自我拷问和对人类的终极关怀等审美追求。%The worth of literature lies in the human concern of the Soak Literature, the epoch spirit of the Observatory Literature, the nobility of the literature itself and the experience reference for others. All this, undoubtedly, is closely related to the writer's life experience, social knowledge and artistic accomplishment, not to mention the writer's appreciation of the beautiful, say, his questioning about life and his indefinite concern over the mankind as well.

  1. 从鸿门宴到十八诸侯分封——论项羽的失败%From Hongmen Banquet to the Knighted Eighteen Marquis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓瑞全

    2011-01-01

    从鸿门宴上放走刘邦,到入咸阳烧杀劫掠,再到分封十八诸侯,项羽的种种作为,主要是他把推翻秦王朝当作自己的主要甚至唯一使命,没有刘邦一统天下的远大志向,满足于作为楚国贵族的复仇和复兴,以致在政策和策略上屡屡失当,一次次失去机会,最终败于刘邦。%From the let going of Liu Bang in the Hongmen Banquet to the killing and burning in Xian Yang, and to the knighted eighteen marquis, Xiang Yu considered overthrowing the Qin Dynasty as his only mission all the time. Unlike Liu, Xiang did not have the ambition of ruling the world. He was satisfied with the revenge and revival of Chu Country's nobility so as to make more and more wrong decisions in policies and strategies. Chances were missed and finally Xiang was defeated by Liu.

  2. EYE DONATION: PERCEPTION AND PROMOTING FACTORS AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Singh

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: There are 2 million corneal blind in India with a big gap between corneal demand and supply. The Govt. of Haryana by launching Nehru Drishti Yojna has taken a big step to eliminate corneal blindness from Haryana. Medical students are from a different educational background with a scientific base and thus have a pivotal role play in becoming as role models and mass educators. Objective: To assess the perception of medical students regarding eye donation. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among medical students of MMIMSR, Mullana, Ambala. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire was used for collecting the necessary information after getting informed consent. The data was statistically analyzed using SPSS version 11.5 software. Results: 96% of the students knew about corneal donation though only 67% were willing for eye donation. Nobility was the major inspiring force for eye donation.13% reported, objection by family and 3.2% reported religious factors as restrictions for eye donation. There were many misconceptions regarding eye donation.27% thought that eye donation would result in delay in funeral arrangements. Conclusion: There is an imperative need to emphasize undergraduate teaching to evade myths concerning eye donation and promote eye donation.

  3. Availability and quality of ground water, southern Ute Indian Reservation, southwestern Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brogden, Robert E.; Hutchinson, E. Carter; Hillier, Donald E.

    1979-01-01

    Population growth and the potential development of subsurface mineral resources have increased the need for information on the availability and quality of ground water on the Southern Ute Indian Reservation. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Southern Ute Tribal Council, the Four Corners Regional Planning Commission, and the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, conducted a study during 1974-76 to assess the ground-water resources of the reservation. Water occurs in aquifers in the Dakota Sandstone, Mancos Shale, Mesaverde Group, Lewis Shale, Pictured Cliffs Sandstone, Fruitland Formation, Kirtland Shale, Animas and San Jose Formations, and terrace and flood-plain deposits. Well yields from sandstone and shale aquifers are small, generally in the range from 1 to 10 gallons per minute with maximum reported yields of 75 gallons per minute. Well yields from terrace deposits generally range from 5 to 10 gallons per minute with maximum yields of 50 gallons per minute. Well yields from flood-plain deposits are as much as 25 gallons per minute but average 10 gallons per minute. Water quality in aquifers depends in part on rock type. Water from sandstone, terrace, and flood-plain aquifers is predominantly a calcium bicarbonate type, whereas water from shale aquifers is predominantly a sodium bicarbonate type. Water from rocks containing interbeds of coal or carbonaceous shales may be either a calcium or sodium sulfate type. Dissolved-solids concentrations of ground water ranged from 115 to 7,130 milligrams per liter. Water from bedrock aquifers is the most mineralized, while water from terrace and flood-plain aquifers is the least mineralized. In many water samples collected from bedrock, terrace, and flood-plain aquifers, the concentrations of arsenic, chloride, dissolved solids, fluoride, iron, manganese, nitrate, selenium, and sulfate exceeded U.S. Public Health Service (1962) recommended limits for drinking water. Selenium in the ground water in excess of U

  4. Light-seeds within: The alchemy of re-finding light in the world soul

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Stacy Lynn

    The light of the Anima Mundi has been repressed for over two thousand years. From a feminine in-sighting, this dissertation considers the reasons for the World Soul's repression and how her light can be renewed. The division of body and mind, image and word, physicality and spirituality, as well as nature and science has been costly, though this time of crisis also holds great opportunity to change perspective and live differently. The art of alchemy contains the secrets to transform elements in opposition into those in relationship in order to give birth to something new. Where feminine and masculine have been divorced and divided, the 'Royal Art' of alchemy seeks to renew soul in the world as an experience of life's interconnectivity and as a sacred marriage of matter and spirit. Through the four elements and three alchemical stages, this journey articulates the amorphous unconscious to evolve the light within the body of the microcosm and the macrocosm. The study's phenomenological perspective merges creative imagination with experiential gnosis in an exploration of the rich tapestry and mystery of an esoteric tradition. Through dream tending and active imagination, one connects to the subtle body, the imaginal world, and mythological regions with archetypal energies where elemental symbols are seeds. When cultivated and tended, these seeds grow into embodied feelings, visceral happenings. These experiential moments contain the revelations necessary for personal and global transmutation. Alchemy's tenet of 'as above, so below' holds a simple truth. When an individual works on her light, the Anima Mundi's light grows brighter. The alchemical process awakens love as the animating essence, the divine spark within the heart of all life---the gold in every atom of creation. Where matter and spirit conjoin, the hierosgamos reveals life's divine nature as an intimate dance and a web of interconnectivity. When lived for the sake of the whole and seen with the eyes of an

  5. Imagens do céu ontem e hoje - um multimídia interativo de astronomia e uma nova exposição no MAST

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caretta, C. A.; Lima, F. P.; Requeijo, F.; Vieira, G. G.; Alves, F.; Valente, M. E. A.; de Almeida, R.; de Garcia, G. C.; Quixadá, A. C.

    2003-08-01

    "Imagens do Céu Ontem e Hoje" é o título de uma nova exposição que está sendo inaugurada no Museu de Astronomia e Ciências Afins (MCT), que inclui experimentos interativos, maquetes, réplicas e 8 terminais de computador com um multimídia interativo sobre Astronomia para consulta dos visitantes. O multimídia apresenta um conteúdo bastante extenso, que engloba quase todos os temas em Astronomia, consistindo numa fonte de divulgação e pesquisa para um público que vai das crianças até estudantes universitários. O conteúdo está distribuído em mais de 500 páginas de texto divididas em 4 módulos: "O Universo", "Espectroscopia", "Telescópios" e "Observando o Céu". Cada módulo é subdividido em 5 seções, em média, cada uma iniciada por uma animação que ilustra os temas a serem abordados na seção. Ao final da animação, uma lista de temas é apresentada sob o título "Saiba Mais". Para exemplificar, o módulo "O Universo" contém as seguintes seções: "O Universo visto pelo homem", "Conhecendo o Sistema Solar", "Indo além do Sistema Solar", "Nossa Galáxia, a Via-Láctea" e "Indo mais além, a imensidão do Universo". A seção "Conhecendo o Sistema Solar", por sua vez, tem os seguintes temas: "A origem do Sistema Solar", "O Sol", "Os planetas", "Satélites, asteróides, cometas e outros bichos..." e "O Sistema Solar em números". Cada texto é repleto de imagens, quadros, desenhos, esquemas, etc, além de passatempos ao final de cada seção, incluindo jogos interativos, quadrinhos e curiosidades, que auxiliam o aprendizado de forma divertida. Apresentamos neste trabalho as idéias gerais que permearam a produção da exposição, e uma viagem pelo multimídia para exemplificar sua estrutura e conteúdo. O multimídia será posteriormente disponibilizado para o público externo pela página eletrônica do MAst e/ou por intermédio de uma publicação comercial.

  6. El imaginario geométrico del hombre que delibera. Esquemas de ejercicio de la fantasi/a bouleutikh/ en Aristóteles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Cattanei

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El estudio parte de la discusión de De anima, III, 11, 434a7-10: a diferencia de las interpretaciones más difundidas del pasaje, que dependen considerablemente del comentario de Filopón, aquí se busca reconstruir la actividad de medición, planteada en relación de analogía con la “imaginación deliberativa”, a la luz de procedimientos de descomposición y recomposición de figuras geométricas, muy difundidos en los siglos V-IV a.C., de los cuales se presentan también ilustraciones numismáticas. En la misma línea se puede situar tanto la referencia de Ética Nicomáquea, III, 5, 1112b20-21 al “análisis” de las figuras, como el de Ética Nicomáquea, VI, 9, 1142a23-29 al triángulo como “extremo”. A este modelo metrético-espacial de la phantasia bouleutikē se añade uno de tipo logístico-temporal, que es mencionado en De anima, III, 7, 431b7-8 y en De memoria, 2, 453a15-16, con una interesante confirmación en Tucídides, I, 138, 3, donde Temístocles es comparado con un “habilísimo gnōmōn”. En ambos casos, los modelos matemáticos en los que se inspira el hombre que imagina mientras trata de comprender qué es obrar bien, aquí y ahora, no son productos refinados de ciencia teórica, sino que pertenecen a aquellas “matemáticas de los mercaderes”, que Platón desaconsejaba practicar para alcanzar la visión del verdadero bien La reseña no presenta resumen.

  7. Neuronosology: historical remarks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Marleide da Mota

    2011-06-01

    Classifications for neurological disorders have evolved from following the theory of the humors to modern anatomical pathology and, recently, to the germ theory that stared the etiological era, as seen in book content lists. The symptomatic approach towards neuronosology was widely used until the middle of the 19(th) century. The following books are representatives of this: "De Cerebri Morbis (1549)"; "De anima brutorum (1672)"; and "A Treatise on Nervous Disease (1820-1823)". During the Enlightenment, "Synopsis Nosologiae Methodicae (1769)" had a great repercussion subsequently on neuronosology. "Lehrbuch der Nerven-Krankheiten des Menschen (1840-1846)" was the first systematic treatise in neurology, and "A Treatise on the Diseases of the Nervous System (1871)" was the first American textbook of neurology, and probably the first comprehensive one. The first Brazilian textbook was "Lições sobre as moléstias do sistema nervoso, feitas na Faculdade de Medicina do Rio de Janeiro (1878)". A presentation going from causes of death to the International Classification of Diseases and their importance for neurology is also made. PMID:21755140

  8. Neuronosology: historical remarks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleide da Mota Gomes

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Classifications for neurological disorders have evolved from following the theory of the humors to modern anatomical pathology and, recently, to the germ theory that stared the etiological era, as seen in book content lists. The symptomatic approach towards neuronosology was widely used until the middle of the 19th century. The following books are representatives of this: "De Cerebri Morbis (1549"; "De anima brutorum (1672"; and "A Treatise on Nervous Disease (1820-1823". During the Enlightenment, "Synopsis Nosologiae Methodicae (1769" had a great repercussion subsequently on neuronosology. "Lehrbuch der Nerven-Krankheiten des Menschen (1840-1846" was the first systematic treatise in neurology, and "A Treatise on the Diseases of the Nervous System (1871" was the first American textbook of neurology, and probably the first comprehensive one. The first Brazilian textbook was "Lições sobre as moléstias do sistema nervoso, feitas na Faculdade de Medicina do Rio de Janeiro (1878". A presentation going from causes of death to the International Classification of Diseases and their importance for neurology is also made.

  9. La enseñanza y el aprendizaje de la literatura en el bachillerato. Una reflexión necesaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Virginia Sánchez Andrade

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available La formación del joven hoy con una cultura general que le permita transitar hasta la universidad, es una de las cuestiones que está en las agendas de las instituciones educativas. En esta misión, el nivel conocido como Bachillerato, a partir de la enseñanza-aprendizaje de la literatura, puede ser parte activa de este encargo con posiciones teóricas y prácticas que ratifiquen su condición de eje de formación humanista. Reflexionar sobre el proceso es la intención que anima este trabajo; se advierte el alcance que tiene enseñar Literatura en los colegios como base de aprendizaje cultural. Se plantea la idea de considerar la formación de la competencia literaria como base de proyectos educativos. Las autoras coinciden en la articulación de las actividades docentes y extra curriculares desde la secuenciación metodológica que supone establecer el acercamiento a la obra, la interpretación, la valoración y extrapolación de los aprendizajes a la vida cotidiana.

  10. Novel and non-traditional use of stable isotope tracers to study metal bioavailability from natural particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croteau, Marie-Noële; Cain, Daniel J.; Fuller, Christopher C.

    2013-01-01

    We devised a novel tracing approach that involves enriching test organisms with a stable metal isotope of low natural abundance prior to characterizing metal bioavailability from natural inorganic particles. In addition to circumventing uncertainties associated with labeling natural particles and distinguishing background metals, the proposed "reverse labeling" technique overcomes many drawbacks inherent to using radioisotope tracers. Specifically, we chronically exposed freshwater snails (Lymnaea stagnalis) to synthetic water spiked with Cu that was 99.4% 65Cu to increase the relative abundance of 65Cu in the snail’s tissues from 32% to >80%. The isotopically enriched snails were then exposed to benthic algae mixed with Cu-bearing Fe–Al particles collected from the Animas River (Colorado), an acid mine drainage impacted river. We used 63Cu to trace Cu uptake from the natural particles and inferred their bioavailability from calculation of Cu assimilation into tissues. Cu assimilation from these particles was 44%, indicating that 44% of the particulate Cu was absorbed by the invertebrate. This demonstrates that inorganic particulate Cu can be bioavailable. The reverse labeling approach shows great potential in various scientific areas such as environmental contamination and nutrition for addressing questions involving uptake of an element that naturally has multiple isotopes.

  11. Spinoza, un realismo anómalo de la paz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Tatián

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pensada en sentido spinozista, la paz no se construye contra el derecho natural sino con él y como resultado de él; no implica su cancelación sino su redireccionamiento, su politización. Remite a una ontología política que desmantela tanto la idea del buen gobierno concebido en cuanto gobierno de un príncipe dotado de virtudes privadas, como la alienación en cualquier instancia puramente jurídica establecida merced a una lógica trascendente. El “arte de la concordia” necesario debido al carácter natural de las pasiones humanas que una filosofía de la paz no quimérica deberá tomar por punto de partida, se articula por consiguiente a una “ciencia de los afectos”, expresión que Spinoza opone a la denostación de los asuntos humanos propia del “odio teológico” y al ars vituperandi que anima la retórica del pecado.

  12. El velo de la apariencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Liberati

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El motivo que anima las siguientes reflexiones surge de la desconfianza que inspira la apariencia, de muchas incoherencias de los datos de los sentidos y de las dificultades que encuentra la inteligencia para superar tales inconvenientes. Estos datos nos conducen a error, sobre todo en lo que concierne al conocimiento de nosotros mismos y en aquello que percibimos de nuestro propio ser. Permanentemente nos descubrimos aceptando verdades a medias. Hay una verdad que se esconde siempre en la operación racional, en la operación sensible, en el obrar del sentido común, de la intuición o como se quiera llamar a las facultades de nuestro entendimiento.Descubrimos que la conciencia no puede dejarse llevar por el continuo de la apariencia. Esta comprobación nos hace entrar irremediablemente en una tradición escéptica, que envuelve muchas filosofías. Sin embargo, no queremos despreciar los datos y los medios que nos dan una primera comprensión de la realidad, sin duda insuficiente. Sólo sospechamos de ellos y deseamos ir más allá, hasta donde se pueda. No es que desdeñemos lo empírico, los sentidos, los llamados datos inmediatos, aquello que surge del momento y del lugar. Pero

  13. Remedial Action Plan and site design for stabilization of the inactive uranium mill tailings site at Durango, Colorado: Attachment 6, Supplemental standard for Durango processing site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Excavation control to the 15 pCi/g radium-226 (Ra-226) standard at certain areas along the Animas River on the Durango Site would require extensive engineering and construction support. Elevated Ra-226 concentrations have been encountered immediately adjacent to the river at depths in excess of 7 feet below the present river stage. Decontamination to such depths to ensure compliance with the EPA standards will, in our opinion, become unreasonable. This work does not appear to be in keeping with the intent of the standards. Because the principal reason for radium removal is reduction of radon daughter concentrations (RDC) in homes to be built onsite, and because radon produced at depth will be attenuated in clean fill cover before entering such homes, it is appropriate to calculate the depth of excavation needed under a home to reduce RDC to acceptable levels. Potential impact was assessed through radon emanation estimation, using the RAECOM computer model. Elevated Ra-226 concentrations were encountered during final radium excavation of the flood plain below the large tailings pile, adjacent to the slag area. Data from 7 test pits excavated across the area were analyzed to provide an estimate of the Ra-226 concentration profile. Results are given in this report

  14. Experiencia grupal breve para pacientes con trastornos de ansiedad en un Centro de Salud Mental.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Vucínovich

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Los trastornos de ansiedad son uno de los diagnósticos más frecuentes en la población general. En este estudio describimos una experiencia de tratamiento psicológico grupal para pacientes con trastornos de ansiedad, especialmente Trastorno de Ansiedad Generalizada. Método: Nuestro método consiste en el desarrollo de un grupo terapéutico, con frecuencia quincenal y 12 sesiones de duración. En él se trabaja explícitamente el afrontamiento activo de las situaciones generadoras de ansiedad, favoreciendo la adquisición de nuevos recursos psicológicos y tomando en cuenta los aspectos relacionales involucrados en el mantenimiento del cuadro. Resultados: Los resultados son prometedores tomando como criterio de eficacia el alta clínica y la recuperación del nivel de actividad habitual lo que nos anima a seguir trabajando en esta modalidad de intervención desde el Sistema Sanitario Público.

  15. SIMULACIÓN DE HABLA CAMPESINA EN 1814 SIMULATION OF RURAL SPEECH IN 1814

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Alejandra Villa Navia

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La base de este artículo es un pliego anónimo que contiene un monólogo pronunciado por un supuesto campesino en la capital colombiana el 30 de enero de 1814, en el cual, anima a los americanos a continuar con la lucha independentista y critica a los partidarios de la causa realista, especialmente a los habitantes de Popayán. En el artículo, además, se realiza una edición anotada del documento y se analizan los rasgos más relevantes de los niveles fonéticos, gramaticales y léxicos, los cuales son característicos de la lengua hablada a principios del siglo XIX en tierras colombianas.The basis of this article is an anonymous folio containing a monologue publicly pronounced by an alleged peasant in the Colombian capital on January 30, 1814, in which the peasant encourages Latin Americans to continue struggling for independence and criticizes the supporters of the Royalist cause, especially the inhabitants of Popayán. The article provides an annotated edition of the document, as well as an analysis of the most relevant phonetic, grammatical, and lexical traits, which are typical of spoken language at the beginning of the 19th century in Colombia.

  16. Komplexní animace v 3D Studiu Max

    OpenAIRE

    Černý, Miloš

    2011-01-01

    Tato práce má za úkol obeznámit čtenáře s uceleným postupem pro vznik komplexní počítačové animace za pomoci 3D modelovacího a animačního softwaru 3ds Max. Provede ho celým postupem od tvorby modelů, přes jejich texturování a skinování až po pozdější animaci se zaměřením na složitější prvky. Kromě praktických příkladů práce popisuje i potřebné teoretické znalosti k jednotlivým problémům, které zároveň v praxi ukáže. Čtenář by měl mít po přečtení této práce představu o tom, jak podobná an...

  17. Hydrogeochemical studies of historical mining areas in the Humboldt River basin and adjacent areas, northern Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nash, J. Thomas

    2005-01-01

    The study area comprises the Humboldt River Basin and adjacent areas, with emphasis on mining areas relatively close to the Humboldt River. The basin comprises about 16,840 mi2 or 10,800,000 acres. The mineral resources of the Humboldt Basin have been investigated by many scientists over the past 100 years, but only recently has our knowledge of regional geology and mine geology been applied to the understanding and evaluation of mining effects on water and environmental quality. The investigations reported here apply some of the techniques and perspectives developed in the Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative (AMLI) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), a program of integrated geological-hydrological-biological-chemical studies underway in the Upper Animas River watershed in Colorado and the Boulder River watershed in, Montana. The goal of my studies of sites and districts is to determine the character of mining-related contamination that is actively or potentially a threat to water quality and to estimate the potential for natural attenuation of that contamination. These geology-based studies and recommendations differ in matters of emphasis and data collection from the biology-based assessments that are the cornerstone of environmental regulations.

  18. USGS Abandoned Mine Lands Research Presented at the NAAMLP Meeting in Billings, Mont., Sept. 25, 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kate; Church, Stan

    2006-01-01

    The following talk was an invited presentation given at the National Association of Abandoned Mine Lands Programs meeting in Billings, Montana on Sept. 25, 2006. The objective of the talk was to outline the scope of the U.S. Geological Survey research, past, present and future, in the area of abandoned mine research. Two large Professional Papers have come out of our AML studies: Nimick, D.A., Church, S.E., and Finger, S.E., eds., 2004, Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1652, 524 p., 2 plates, 1 DVD, URL: http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/pp/pp1652 Church, S.E., von Guerard, Paul, and Finger, S.E., eds., 2006, Integrated Investigations of Environmental Effects of Historical Mining in the Animas River Watershed, San Juan County, Colorado: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1651, 1,096 p., 6 plates, 1 DVD (in press). Additional publications and links can be found on the USGS AML website at URL: http://amli.usgs.gov/ or are accessible from the USGS Mineral Resource Program website at URL: http://minerals.usgs.gov/.

  19. O "acontecimento" e o discurso literário do século XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Elias Simão Merçon

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Central na obra de Claude Zilberberg, o conceito de “acontecimento” tem um papel inegável nos estudos semióticos, uma vez que anima as discussões sobre a possibilidade de investigação num universo de sentido ainda pouco explorado (o da afetividade, especialmente se o compararmos com os estudos da narratividade de herança proppiana. Um ponto importante que a investigação sobre o acontecimento traz para os estudos semióticos é a possibilidade de traduzir as operações discursivas de determinados textos, em termos de regimes discursivos do fato ou do acontecimento, a partir do reconhecimento de duas lógicas operantes distintas, respectivamente a implicativa e a concessiva. Este artigo faz parte de uma investigação maior que procura depreender e descrever as operações discursivas de algumas obras representativas do discurso literário do século XX, nas quais o “acontecimento” parece exercer um papel significativo. A título de ilustração das refl exões desenvolvidas no presente texto, serão abordadas obras de autores como Jean-Paul Sartre, Franz Kafka, Dino Buzzati e Samuel Beckett.

  20. Intellectual property in ethnomathematics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldo Parra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Partiendo de reflexiones sobre la metodología empleada en una experiencia con una comunidad indígena colombiana, este artículo propone posibilidades para la investigación en etnomatemática, que tienen implicaciones en aspectos como la propiedad intelectual y la pertinencia social, así como en el reconocimiento y legitimación de ámbitos alternativos de generación, difusión y transformación del conocimiento matemático. El texto tiene cinco secciones: a información sobre la comunidad indígena, b descripción del proceso investigativo (por su carácter colectivo y comunitario es narrado en primera persona del plural, y de la elaboración de sus productos bilingües, así como de la dinámica actual del grupo investigador, c consideraciones individuales del autor, discutiendo la consonancia de la metodología en investigaciones etnomatemáticas con los presupuestos teóricos, humanistas y políticos del campo disciplinar. d consideraciones finales, compartiendo elementos para un desarrollo posterior, e epílogo o lectura de la experiencia desde otra mirada, donde se discute el espíritu que anima los análisis hechos.

  1. Kepler's theory of force and his medical sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regier, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) makes extensive use of souls and spiritus in his natural philosophy. Recent studies have highlighted their importance in his accounts of celestial generation and astrology. In this study, I would like to address two pressing issues. The first is Kepler's context. The biological side of his natural philosophy is not naively Aristotelian. Instead, he is up to date with contemporary discussions in medically flavored natural philosophy. I will examine his relationship to Melanchthon's anatomical-theological Liber de anima (1552) and to Jean Femel's very popular Physiologia (1567), two Galenic sources with a noticeable impact on how he understands the functions of life. The other issue that will direct my article is force at a distance. Medical ideas deeply inform Kepler's theories of light and solar force (virtus motrix). It will become clear that they are not a hindrance even to the hardcore of his celestial physics. Instead, he makes use of soul and spiritus in order to develop a fully mathematized dynamics. PMID:24988759

  2. Remedial Action Plan and site design for stabilization of the inactive uranium mill tailings site at Durango, Colorado: Attachment 6, Supplemental standard for Durango processing site. Revised final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-12-01

    Excavation control to the 15 pCi/g radium-226 (Ra-226) standard at certain areas along the Animas River on the Durango Site would require extensive engineering and construction support. Elevated Ra-226 concentrations have been encountered immediately adjacent to the river at depths in excess of 7 feet below the present river stage. Decontamination to such depths to ensure compliance with the EPA standards will, in our opinion, become unreasonable. This work does not appear to be in keeping with the intent of the standards. Because the principal reason for radium removal is reduction of radon daughter concentrations (RDC) in homes to be built onsite, and because radon produced at depth will be attenuated in clean fill cover before entering such homes, it is appropriate to calculate the depth of excavation needed under a home to reduce RDC to acceptable levels. Potential impact was assessed through radon emanation estimation, using the RAECOM computer model. Elevated Ra-226 concentrations were encountered during final radium excavation of the flood plain below the large tailings pile, adjacent to the slag area. Data from 7 test pits excavated across the area were analyzed to provide an estimate of the Ra-226 concentration profile. Results are given in this report.

  3. On the trail of a painting bequeathed to St. George’s abbey on the islet near Perast the testaments of Nycolaus and Johannes Glauacti (as of 1327 and 1336

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Živković Valentina

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper reviews the last will of the Kotor nobleman Nycolaus Marini Glauacti made in 1327 to bequeath to St. George’s church on the small island near Perast a depiction of the Madonna, St. Nicholas and St. John the Baptist. On the one hand, the legacy is analyzed in the context of the compositions involving the three saints in Kotor’s religious medieval art and, on the other, in the context of ad pias causas bequests and the concept of preparing for a good death (ars moriendi. The contents of the testaments of Nycolaus and his brother Johannes Marin Glauacti as of 1336 are contrasted, especially in terms of the number of pro remedio animae items bequeathed and their distribution. A special emphasis is laid on the comparison of the representations between the Franciscan and Benedictine Orders as the recipients of pious bequests. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177003: Medieval heritage of the Balkans: institutions and culture

  4. 依托工作过程的Flash动画教学主题构思%Conception of the Teaching Themes for Flash Animation Based on Working Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志兰

    2013-01-01

    With the rapid development of computer application industry, animation and videos bring people visual impact, and they are playing a more and more important role in daily life, therefore, the design idea and technology attract more and more attention. In view of the design of Flash two dimensional anima-tion teaching, this paper, based on working process, mainly inter-prets some ideas on the teaching of Flash two dimensional ani-mation.%  随着计算机应用行业的快速发展,动画视频给人们带来的视觉冲击效果,在日常生活中的影响越来越强大,因此,动画的设计思想和制作技术越来越受到专门行业者的高度注视。本文针对Flash二维动画课程设计,在基于工作过程的教学方面,进行了改革试水,重点阐述了Flash二维动画教学思路的几点探索。

  5. «Osservare vogliam la legge di Dio». Thinking about Law in Italian Arthurian Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Murgia

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Nell’Italia del XIII e del XIV secolo, anche la letteratura “di consumo” di matrice arturiana partecipa alla rivoluzione che anima il panorama della cultura giuridica, impegnata nella riscoperta del diritto giustinianeo e nella ricerca di soluzioni di compromesso tra antiche consuetudini e nuove istituzioni. Con il presente lavoro, si intende procedere alla campionatura dei luoghi testuali ad alto “coefficiente giuridico” nei cosiddetti Tristani italiani – rimaneggiamenti del Tristan en prose, compilazione in prosa francese del XIII secolo – per mostrare come essi rappresentino una testimonianza della ricezione da parte dei più eterogenei livelli di pubblico, in forme vulgate, di alcune delle questioni che impegnavano i legislatori due-trecenteschi della penisola. L’intento è quello di dimostrare che, seppure all’interno di una cornice che conserva intatta la dimensione atemporale della società arturiana, le riscritture italiane trattengono l’eco delle grandi dispute che animavano il mondo giuridico. Grande attenzione sarà rivolta alla Tavola Ritonda, particolarmente abile nel muoversi tra le smagliature dell’ipotesto francese per riscrivere in modo originale i processi penali che vedono coinvolto Tristano, dapprima nelle vesti di vittima, poi di imputato e infine di difensore della verità.

  6. Noviolencia, desobediencia civil y ejemplaridad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia María de Mingo Rodríguez

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo intenta mostrar la íntima conexión entre el espíritu que anima la noviolenciaen Mahatma Gandhi y la modalidad de práctica de dicha noviolencia que representala desobediencia civil. No sólo se aborda aquella noviolencia y esta desobediencia en susrasgos básicos, destacándose la perplejidad que suscita la noviolencia en su asimetría eirreprocidad (respecto al acto agresivo, sino que expresamente se intenta articularlasde cara a pensar la relevancia de ambos conceptos para una educación y filosofía para lapaz. Es por ello por lo que se hace imprescindible traer a primer plano la importanciadel compromiso, la responsabilidad y el sacrificio que comporta la noviolencia, a finde que se los pueda hacer trascender socialmente bajo la modalidad (decisiva en unacultura de paz de ejemplaridad y autoridad, muy relevantes para que la noviolenciagane prestigio social real (y no un prestigio utópico.

  7. Simulation of landscape disturbances and the effect of climatic change

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baker, W.L.

    1993-01-29

    The purpose of this research is to understand how changes in climate may affect the structure of landscapes that are subject to periodic disturbances. A general model useful for examining the linkage between climatic change and landscape change has been developed. The model makes use of synoptic climatic data, a geographical information system (GRASS), field data on the location of disturbance patches, simulation code written in the SIMSCRIPT language, and a set of landscape structure analysis programs written specifically for this research project. A simplified version of the model, lacking the climatic driver, has been used to analyze how changes in disturbance regimes (in this case settlement and fire suppression) affect landscape change. Landscape change lagged in its response to changes in the disturbance regime, but the lags differed depending upon the character of the change and the particular measure considered. The model will now be modified for use in a specific setting to analyze the effects of changes in climate on the structure of flood-disturbed patches along the Animas River, Colorado.

  8. Completion reports, core logs, and hydrogeologic data from wells and piezometers in Prospect Gulch, San Juan County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Raymond H.; Yager, Douglas B.

    2006-01-01

    In the late nineteenth century, San Juan County, Colorado, was the center of a metal mining boom in the San Juan Mountains. Although most mining activity ceased by the 1990s, the effects of historical mining continue to contribute metals to ground water and surface water. Previous research by the U.S. Geological Survey identified ground-water discharge as a significant pathway for the loading of metals to surface water from both acid-mine drainage and acid-rock drainage. In an effort to understand the ground-water flow system in the upper Animas River watershed, Prospect Gulch was selected for further study because of the amount of previous data provided in and around that particular watershed. In support of this ground-water research effort, wells and piezometers were installed to allow for coring during installation, subsurface hydrologic testing, and the monitoring of ground-water hydraulic heads and geochemistry. This report summarizes the data that were collected during and after the installation of these wells and piezometers and includes (1) subsurface completion details, (2) locations and elevations, (3) geologic logs and elemental data, (4) slug test data for the estimation of subsurface hydraulic conductives, and (5) hydraulic head data.

  9. Lessons learned from the U.S. Geological Survey abandoned mine lands initiative: 1997-2002

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Briant A.; Church, Stanley E.; Besser, John M.

    2006-01-01

    Growth of the United States has been facilitated, in part, by hard-rock mining in the Rocky Mountains. Abandoned and inactive mines cause many significant environmental concerns in hundreds of watersheds. Those who have responsibility to address these environmental concerns must have a basic level of scientific information about mining and mine wastes in a watershed prior to initiating remediation activities. To demonstrate what information is needed and how to obtain that information, the U.S. Geological Survey implemented the Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) Initiative from 1997 to 2002 with demonstration studies in the Boulder River watershed in Montana and the Animas River watershed in Colorado. The AML Initiative included collection and analysis of geologic, hydrologic, geochemical, geophysical, and biological data. The synergy of this interdisciplinary analysis produced a perspective of the environmental concerns that could not have come from a single discipline. Two examples of these perspectives include (1) the combination of hydrological tracer techniques, structural geology, and geophysics help to understand the spatial distribution of loading to the streams in a way that cannot be evaluated by monitoring at a catchment outlet, and (2) the combination of toxicology and hydrology combine to illustrate that seasonal variability of toxicity conditions occurs. Lessons have been learned by listening to and collaborating with land-management agencies to understand their needs and by applying interdisciplinary methods to answer their questions.

  10. Clavijero y la literalidad histórica del futuro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Vargas de Luna

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A la luz de la teoría de Marc Bloch sobre la "plasticidad de la historia", el presente estudio propone que la Historia antigua de México, de Francisco Javier Clavijero, pretende ejercitar al lector en los cambios de guardia temporales y heredarle, junto a los avatares del mundo mexica, el hábito intelectual para sospechar formas distintas de construir cronologías. Clavijero anima la experiencia de la relatividad de la historia, lo cual es diagnosis posible de un mundo que premedita la lectura de su pasado y, por lo tanto, que mina el ingreso a todos sus periodos históricos, incluido el presente. En el establecimiento de todo ello radica la convicción de que, en efecto, el libro es anuncio nítido de los reclamos de autonomía que pronto habrán de conducir a las guerras de independencia en Hispanoamérica.

  11. Simulation of landscape disturbances and the effect of climatic change

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this research is to understand how changes in climate may affect the structure of landscapes that are subject to periodic disturbances. A general model useful for examining the linkage between climatic change and landscape change has been developed. The model makes use of synoptic climatic data, a geographical information system (GRASS), field data on the location of disturbance patches, simulation code written in the SIMSCRIPT language, and a set of landscape structure analysis programs written specifically for this research project. A simplified version of the model, lacking the climatic driver, has been used to analyze how changes in disturbance regimes (in this case settlement and fire suppression) affect landscape change. Landscape change lagged in its response to changes in the disturbance regime, but the lags differed depending upon the character of the change and the particular measure considered. The model will now be modified for use in a specific setting to analyze the effects of changes in climate on the structure of flood-disturbed patches along the Animas River, Colorado

  12. Poe e a contemporaneidade: um coração sempre delator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amodeo, Maria Tereza

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde o início da história do cinema a obra de Poe constituiu-se como fonte de material para a nova arte. A interface entre literatura e cinema configura-se como uma questão polêmica na cultura contemporânea, o que, em relação à obra de Poe assume contornos muitos específicos e determinantes. A análise dos elementos constitutivos da literariedade do conto “O coração denunciador” orienta a abordagem realizada a respeito da adaptação homônima para o cinema realizada por Jules Dassin em 1941 e da animação da UPA (United Productions of America, de 1953. A reflexão, ao mesmo tempo em que pretende explicitar as novas possibilidades de leitura da literatura na contemporaneidade, evidencia os ecos da obra de Poe ao longo dos tempos

  13. Un-thought out metaphysics in analytical psychology: a critique of Jung's epistemological basis for psychic reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Robin McCoy

    2011-09-01

    The author investigates the relation of Kant, Schopenhauer and Heidegger to Jung's attempts to formulate theory regarding the epistemological conundrum of what can and what cannot be known and what must remain uncertain. Jung's ambivalent use and misuse of Kant's division of the world into phenomenal and noumenal realms is highlighted in discussion of concepts such as the psychoid archetype which he called 'esse in anima' and his use of Schopenhauer's concept of 'will' to justify a transcendence of the psyche/soma divide in a postulation of a 'psychoid' realm. Finally, the author describes Jung's reaction to Heidegger's theories via his assertion that Heidegger's 'pre-given world design' was an alternate formulation of his concept of the archetypes. An underlying theme of the paper is a critique of Jung's foundationalism which perpetuates the myth of an isolated mind. This model of understanding subjectivity is briefly contrasted with Heidegger's 'fundamental ontology' which focuses on a non-Cartesian 'understanding' of the 'presencing of being' in everyday social and historical contexts.

  14. Silence, Speech and Gender in Shakespeare’s Othello: A Presentist, Palestinian Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilal M.T. Hamamra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper follows the critical lines of feminism and psychoanalysis to argue that Othello is a conflict between female characters' moral voices and male figures' treacherous voices. Drawing on the concepts of Jungian and Freudian psychoanalysis, I argue that the association of female speech and silence with sexuality is a projection of misogynist and racist discourses. I read Iago's projection of his evil onto Othello as a verbal intercourse of homosexuality.  The cause of tragedy emanates from the fact that Othello weds his shadow, Iago and ignores his anima, Desdemona. While the verbal marriage between Othello and Iago results in Othello's accusation of Desdemona of being a whore, I argue that Desdemona escapes this category because a boy actor impersonates her physically and vocally. I argue that Othello stages for audiences in contemporary Palestine male figures’ deafness to feminist views. While Othello’s marriage to Desdemona symbolizes his integration into Venetian society, his murder of Desdemona signals the loss of his heroic identity and the dissolution of his link to Venice. In contrast, killing the supposedly aggressive female figures in Palestine marks the public respect of the killer. Furthermore, I use the romance of Antar (525-608 as a Palestinian literary intertext to scrutinize the significance of female figures in constructing male figures’ heroic identity and the racial discourse that the Romance of Antar and Othello embodies.Key words: Racism, Misogyny, Projection, Honour Killing, Gender Difference, Boy Actor

  15. Desdobramentos narrativos, cognição e a complexa recepção transmidiática dos fãs em nossa atualidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Queiroz Marlet

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo visa estudar cognitivamente a recepção transmidiática a partir dos desdobramentosnarrativos elaborados pelos próprios fãs, que interagem virtualmente com seus pares em comunidadesde fóruns de discussão online. As comunidades de fãs, ou Fandom, comportam uma série de elementosque convergem em torno de uma obra já escolhida pelo público (Miranda, 2009, no caso analisado, asnarrativas de “O Hobbit” e “O Senhor dos Anéis”, de J. R. R. Tolkien, que ganharam suas versões cinematográficasrecentemente, e que também constituem seus universos ficcionais transmídias atravésde plataformas como games, RPG, animações, entre outros. Neste processo, objetivamos observar apolifonia de sentidos e vozes produzida por suas diferentes interpretações, além da ancoragem, ajustamentose ativações associativas feitas na discussão de diferentes hipóteses formuladas através domaterial fonte inicial.

  16. Corporate Litigation and the Majority Rule: Retreating from the Precipice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aderibigbe , O. I.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Corporate litigation is one of the methods of resolving both internal and external corporate disputes; however Company Laws all over the world establishe a number of different forums for the resolution of internal corporate disputes that occur between directors inter se, shareholders inter se, or between shareholders and directors. However the Majority rule seems to undermine the rights of the minority share holders to seek redress for wrongs committed against the company. Thus the need to protect the minority members of the company and retreat from the precipice of the Majority rule. To enhance the protection of the minority, the Supreme Court's decision in Edokpolo & Company Ltd v. Sem - Edo Wire Industries Ltd1, which added an exception to the list of exceptions to the majority rule stating that the rule in Foss v. Harbottle will not apply when the interest of justice requires it, should be included to the statutory exceptions under CAMA. Consequently, judicial authorities suggest that the law is closing gradually on the rule in Foss v. Harbottle with a demolishing hammer; therefore I would recommend in line with the tide of informed opinion, that sections like section 2992 should be reviewed appropriately to meet the changing faces of law because "the reason of law is the soul of law; ratio legis est anima legis".

  17. A science-based, watershed strategy to support effective remediation of abandoned mine lands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buxton, Herbert T.; Nimick, David A.; Von Guerard, Paul; Church, Stanley E.; Frazier, Ann G.; Gray, John R.; Lipin, Bruce R.; Marsh, Sherman P.; Woodward, Daniel F.; Kimball, Briant A.; Finger, Susan E.; Ischinger, Lee S.; Fordham, John C.; Power, Martha S.; Bunch, Christine M.; Jones, John W.

    1997-01-01

    A U.S. Geological Survey Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative will develop a strategy for gathering and communicating the scientific information needed to formulate effective and cost-efficient remediation of abandoned mine lands. A watershed approach will identify, characterize, and remediate contaminated sites that have the most profound effect on water and ecosystem quality within a watershed. The Initiative will be conducted during 1997 through 2001 in two pilot watersheds, the Upper Animas River watershed in Colorado and the Boulder River watershed in Montana. Initiative efforts are being coordinated with the U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, and other stakeholders which are using the resulting scientific information to design and implement remediation activities. The Initiative has the following eight objective-oriented components: estimate background (pre-mining) conditions; define baseline (current) conditions; identify target sites (major contaminant sources); characterize target sites and processes affecting contaminant dispersal; characterize ecosystem health and controlling processes at target sites; develop remediation goals and monitoring network; provide an integrated, quality-assured and accessible data network; and document lessons learned for future applications of the watershed approach.

  18. Epistemología del pensamiento complejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Juárez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Edgar Morin manifiesta que el pensamiento complejo se anima por tensión permanente entre la aspiración a un saber no dividido, no reducido, y la identificación de lo inacabado o incompleto de todo conocimiento. Por lo que es necesario tomar conciencia ante todo de la naturaleza y de las consecuencias de muchos paradigmas que ofenden el conocimiento y destruyen lo real. Es decir tratamos la realidad desde un punto de vista que cuenta con el todo y reconoce al individuo. Además acota sobre la epistemología de la complejidad, que presenta a uno y otro de manera recíproca y sujeto a la no separación. A partir de esto el problema del individuo que se nos impone no es de subjetividad sino que es la interrogación fundamental y fehaciente de un yo sobre un yo mismo, o sobre la realidad y la verdad, que tiene que ver con la naturaleza bioantropológica y sociocultural del conocimiento científico. Es por esto que la epistemología de la complejidad propone una reforma coyuntural del pensamiento en la educación, que tiene como misión sobre todas las cosas, integrar diversos elementos de pensamiento que posibiliten la masificación de los saberes que podemos encontrar dispersos en diferentes formas de expresión social.

  19. Reflections on the Animation Major Becoming a Warned Major in Employment%由动画专业成为红牌专业引发的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王峰

    2014-01-01

    随着动漫产业的飞速发展,我国高校动画专业发展变得十分迅猛,但近年来,一方面,高校动画专业毕业生出现就业困难的问题,成为了高校就业的红牌专业。另一方面,动画企业却是求才若渴,一才难求。造成这一局面的原因是一个值得思考的问题。本文主要从高校、企业和学生三个方面来探讨动画专业就业困难的原因,以及高校教育存在的问题及解决对策。%With the rapid development of the animation industry, the animation major in Chinese colleges is developing vigorously, but in recent years, the employment of graduates from the anima-tion major has been difficult, making it a warned major. However, animation companies are in desperate need of talents. What causes the situation is an issue worthy of consideration. From the college, company and student, this paper explored the causes of the difficult employment, the problems existing in the current college education, and the countermeasures to change the situa-tion.

  20. Psychiatric Analysis of Hero Xiangzi in Camel Xiangzi by Laoshe%老舍《骆驼祥子》中“祥子”的精神分析学解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹虎

    2014-01-01

    From the perspective of psychiatric analysis,the article analyzes the emotional relationship among Huniu,Xiao Fuzi and Mrs Xia,and Xiangzi's varying psychological structure while facing them three.The article probes into libido proj ection,reverse performance,Anima prototype,psychological motion,changes and development trend of collective unawareness,recognition and identity of subj ect loss.All these are the key to the interpretation of Xiangzi's personality alienation,and the demonstra-tion of the trend and rules of human psychological development.%从精神分析学的视角分析祥子与虎妞、小福子、夏太太3个女性人物的情感纠葛以及祥子面临她们时截然不同的心理结构,并透析祥子心域中力比多投射、反向表现、阿尼玛原型及其集体无意识、认同与对象丧失性认同等心理运动、演变的过程和发展态势,是解读祥子人格异化、呈现人类心理发展某种趋势与规律的关键。

  1. Persistence under Reason-Exploring the Reason for Miyazaki Hayao’ s Adherence to Traditional Hand-painted Animation%理性下的执着--宫崎骏坚持传统手绘动画探因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王李璇

    2015-01-01

    Miyazaki Hayao’ s works apply a large number of traditional hand-painted drawings.For Miyazaki Hayao, traditional freehand sketching is more than a manufacturing technique of anima-tion;it is a creative method and idea that connects himself and content of works closely.As a result of rational choices, Miyazaki Hayao endows traditional freehand sketching with a special implication ( life and respect) , and gives a new interpretation of it in his works.%宫崎骏作品中大量应用了传统手绘动画。对宫崎骏来说,传统手绘不仅是一项动画制作技艺,更是一种将自己与作品内容紧密结合的创作手段与理念。作为一种理性选择的结果,宫崎骏赋予了传统手绘这种制作技艺特殊的含意(生命、尊重),并在自己的作品中对其进行了新的诠释。

  2. La confianza como encrucijada: cultura, desarrollo y corrupción. Trust as a crossroad: culture, development and corruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Laso

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años, la teoría social se ha volcado a buscar explicaciones a las dificultades en el desarrollo socioeconómico más allá de los terrenos de la economía y la sociología. La confianza, el “espíritu” que anima las sociedades, se ha convertido en un concepto imprescindible para entender los caminos del desarrollo y el cruce entre la psicología, la economía y la cultura. En este texto propongo una definición del concepto útil para las diversas ciencias sociales, exploro sus implicaciones en el desarrollo y la corrupción con especial énfasis en el Ecuador y trazo una línea para futuros estudios.In recent years, social theory has focused on the search of explanations for the difficulties in socioeconomic development beyond the realms of Economy and Sociology.  Trust, the ‘spirit’ that animates societies, has become essential to understand the pathways to development and the convergence between Psychology, Economy and Culture. In this text, I propose a definition of the concept useful for diverse Social Sciences, explore the implications to development and corruption, with a special emphasis on Ecuador, and suggest some guidelines for future research.

  3. La perception Spirituelle: perspectives de recherche pour L'histoire desparva naturalia dans la tradition arabo-latine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martino, Carla Di

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A grande obra de Aristóteles sobre psicologia foi o De anima. Entretanto, nem por isso a obra Parva naturalia, também conhecida como De sensu et sensato, deixou de exercer um papel importante, entre os árabes e os pensadores ocidentais. No presente ensaio, procura-se mostrar como a tradução árabe desta última obra foi utilizada por Avicena, Ibn Bâjjia e, sob a influência deste último, por Averróis. No epítome De sensu de Averróis, percebe-se, por exemplo, que os principios teóricos são aristotélicos, mas estão contaminados pelo termo "espiritual", que não é utilizado pelo filósofo grego. No ocidente latino, essa leitura averroísta terá influência sobre Alberto Magno e Tomás de Aquino

  4. Interpretation of the Criminal LU Yan-shi from Carl Jung's Archetypal Theory%以荣格的原型理论解读《陆犯焉识》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪倩秋

    2012-01-01

    严歌苓首次以男性为主角写作了《陆犯焉识》,描写了民国直到解放初期中国知识分子几十年兴起落寞的历史。笔者主要以荣格的人格面具(the persona)、阿尼玛(anima)和阿尼玛斯(animus)、阴影(the shadow)以及自性(the shelf)原型理论对《陆犯焉识》进行解读,分析其动人爱情的伟大缘由,洞悉人性的矛盾、复杂,探索了"自性化"回归的可行性。%Using male protagonist,YAN Ge-ling creates the Criminal LU Yan-shi for her first time to describe Chinese intellectuals' stories of success and failure from 1912 to early periods of China.Based on Jung's archetype theory,this paper mainly uses the following prototypes,persona(the persona),animal(anima) and Arnie Mars(animus),the shadow(the shadow) and self(the shelf) to interpret the novel,analyzes the reason of love and the contradictions of human nature,and explores the possibility of self regression.

  5. Kepler's theory of force and his medical sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regier, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) makes extensive use of souls and spiritus in his natural philosophy. Recent studies have highlighted their importance in his accounts of celestial generation and astrology. In this study, I would like to address two pressing issues. The first is Kepler's context. The biological side of his natural philosophy is not naively Aristotelian. Instead, he is up to date with contemporary discussions in medically flavored natural philosophy. I will examine his relationship to Melanchthon's anatomical-theological Liber de anima (1552) and to Jean Femel's very popular Physiologia (1567), two Galenic sources with a noticeable impact on how he understands the functions of life. The other issue that will direct my article is force at a distance. Medical ideas deeply inform Kepler's theories of light and solar force (virtus motrix). It will become clear that they are not a hindrance even to the hardcore of his celestial physics. Instead, he makes use of soul and spiritus in order to develop a fully mathematized dynamics.

  6. Constraints on the sedimentation history of San Francisco Bay from 14C and 10Be

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanGeen, A.; Valette-Silver, N. J.; Luoma, S.N.; Fuller, C.C.; Baskaran, M.; Tera, F.; Klein, J.

    1999-01-01

    Industrialization and urbanization around San Francisco Bay as well as mining and agriculture in the watersheds of the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers have profoundly modified sedimentation patterns throughout the estuary. We provide some constraints on the onset of these erosional disturbances with 10Be data for three sediment cores: two from Richardson Bay, a small embayment near the mouth of San Francisco Bay, and one from San Pablo Bay, mid-way between the river delta and the mouth. Comparison of pre-disturbance sediment accumulation determined from three 14C-dated mollusk shells in one Richardson Bay core with more recent conditions determined from the distribution of 210Pb and 234Th [Fuller, C.C., van Geen, A., Baskaran, M, Anima, R.J., 1999. Sediment chronology in San Francisco Bay, California, defined by 210Pb, 234Th, 239,240Pu.] shows that the accumulation rate increased by an order of magnitude at this particular site. All three cores from San Francisco Bay show subsurface maxima in 10Be concentrations ranging in magnitude from 170 to 520 x 106 atoms/g. The transient nature of the increased 10Be input suggests that deforestation and agricultural develop- ment caused basin-wide erosion of surface soils enriched in 10Be. probably before the turn of the century.

  7. Was heißt »Immanenz der Formen« bei Aristoteles?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Buchheim

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available »Immanenz der Form« – die genaue Bedeutung dieser berühmtesten Selbstcharakterisierung der aristotelischen Philosophie ist bislang so gut wie unerforscht. Der Aufsatz zeigt, dass Immanenz weder Enthaltensein, noch Inhärenz, noch räumliches Umschlossensein, noch einzig und allein Ungetrenntheit von Materie bedeuten kann. Vielmehr handelt es sich um einen Spezialfall der Ungetrenntheit derart, dass die Form als etwas begrifflich Getrenntes dennoch eine volle Definition des konkreten Gegenstands leistet, der die Form besitzt. Dies ist, wie durch eine Analyse von Metaph. VII 11 in Auseinandersetzung mit Thesen von Michael Frede und Robert Heinaman demonstriert wird, möglich kraft der kausalen Rolle, die die Form in diesen Fällen für den konkreten Gegenstand zu spielen hat. Zugleich ist klar, dass nur lebendige Formen in diesem Sinn immanent sein können, nicht aber mathematische oder artifizielle Formen. Immanente Formen sind deshalb nach Aristoteles ausschließlich Seelen von materiellen Lebewesen. Immanenz einer Form läßt sich infolgedessen auch nach dem Muster von De anima als die Lebensaktivität eines materiell existierenden Körpers beschreiben.

  8. 抗菌多肽的研究进展%ProGress in research on antimicrobiaL peptides

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫娟; 江銮銮; 袁素素; 叶秀娟; 吴子斌; 吴祖建

    2014-01-01

    抗菌多肽是在生物体中具有抗菌活性的肽类物质的总称,是无数动植物天然免疫系统的重要组成部分,具有抗菌谱广、作用强且迅速、不易产生耐药等优点。抗菌多肽已经成为药物开发的研究热点。本文简要介绍抗菌多肽的分类、作用和作用机理,并对抗菌多肽的应用前景及其存在问题进行分析。%AntimicrobiaL peptides( AMPs)are generaLLy caLLed peptide exhibited antimicrobiaL activity in organism, which is an important components of the innate immune systems in pLants and animaLs,having the potentiaL of broad-spectrum activity,rapid and strong bactericidaL activity,Low propensity for resistance deveLopment and so on. At present,AMPs have become a hot topic in medicinaL deveLopment. In this paper,the cLassification,action,mecha-nism of AMPs are reviewed briefLy,and the appLication prospects and probLems are anaLyzed.

  9. 中国古代香熏活动的缘起与发展%The Origin and Development of Fragrance Activity in Chinese Ancient Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁洁韵; 金芷君

    2010-01-01

    It has a long history of the fragrance activities in the ancient China.During the period of pre-Qin,it was mainly used in the therapy and worship.Until the Three Kingdoms,the crowd using the fragrance expanded from the royal to the literati and the general officials.People applied the spices to incense clothes, purify rooms,prevent and treat epidemic diseases in daily.In the worship,the spices were dedicated to Gods and other fairies.The fragrance was developed quickly during the period from Wei Dynasty to South and North Dynasties. People had more experiences of spices used as medicines,the formula of spices were used more widely.Then,during the period from Sui Dynasty to Song Dynasty,the fragrance activities climbed to the peak.The fragrance activities were institutionalized,when nobility matched their spices each other. The Literati made spice products and enjoyed the fragrance activities.Doctors knew more than before in the application experiences and species of spices.In the times of Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasty,the fragrance activities spread among the public.The spices appeared in each side of the daily life of nobility,when natural fruits appeared in the fragrance activities.External therapy with spices appeared in the clinical.In addition to prevention and therapy, spices should be used in the embalming.After a long period,the fragrance activities had gradually developed into a kind of culture.%中国古代的香熏活动历史悠久,在先秦时期主要用于祭祀和医疗;至秦汉三国时期香熏的使用人群由皇室贵族扩展至士大夫和一般官吏,香熏也逐渐进入日常生活,香熏衣被、清洁居室、防疫治疫成为这一时期的特色,祭祀用香也从最初的祭天转变为燃香供奉;魏晋南北朝是香熏的发展阶段,具有男子熏衣和文人参与的特色,而祭祀用香以及道教斋醮科仪等基本定型,香药的医疗经验不断积累,香方用途逐渐扩大;隋唐两宋是香熏的鼎盛时期,表

  10. The stars and the state: Astronomy, astrology, and the politics of natural knowledge in early medieval Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buhrman, Kristina Mairi

    This dissertation examines the social factors involved in the practices of observational astrology (Ch. tianwen, Jp. tenmon ) and calendrical astronomy (Ch. lifa, Jp. rekihō) at the Japanese court. The production and monopolization of astrological and astronomical knowledge had, from the time of the Han Dynasty in China, been part of the state bureaucracy and one of the signs of legitimate rule. In the seventh century, Japan too had imported and implemented these state sciences of the Chinese-style imperium. However, by the twelfth century, while state control of astronomical knowledge continued to operate at a surface level, within the Japanese court bureaucracy dissent and debate reigned. A number of lineages and factions cooperated or competed over astronomical and astrological facts, which resulted in a situation where there was no unified "truth" about the stars accepted by the majority of elite members of the court. The political fragmentation and factionalism that characterized the early medieval Japanese state was also to be found in knowledge about the natural world circulating at court. The major reason for this fragmentation of knowledge was the diversity of the population that produced this same knowledge, a population that did not share either a common identity or definition of practice. Astrological and astronomical knowledge was no longer produced solely by the technical bureaucrats whose offices had been established in the eighth-century Chinese-style law codes (Jp. ritsuryō)—instead, these officials contested with other legitimate but non-official purveyors of natural knowledge: Buddhist monks and court scholars and mathematicians prominent among them. Furthermore, the statements of fact produced by all three of these factions were subject to critique and revision by members of the top echelon of the court bureaucracy, the elite nobility. Clearly there were no independent professional fields of astrology or astronomy in late classical or early

  11. A cuckoo in wolves' clothing? Chemical mimicry in a specialized cuckoo wasp of the European beewolf (Hymenoptera, Chrysididae and Crabronidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herzner Gudrun

    2008-01-01

    female beewolves, cuckoo wasps, and honeybee workers. Cuticle extracts of Hedychrum nobile (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae and Cerceris arenaria (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae were used as outgroups. There was little congruence with regard to cuticular compounds between H. rutilans females and honeybees as well as females of C. arenaria and H. nobile. However, there was a considerable similarity between beewolf females and H. rutilans females. Beewolf females show a striking dimorphism regarding their cuticular hydrocarbons with one morph having (Z-9-C25:1 and the other morph having (Z-9-C27:1 as the major component. H. rutilans females were more similar to the morph having (Z-9-C27:1 as the main component. Conclusion We conclude that H. rutilans females closely mimic the composition of cuticular compounds of their host species P. triangulum. The occurrence of isomeric forms of certain compounds on the cuticles of the cuckoo wasps but their absence on beewolf females suggests that cuckoo wasps synthesize the cuticular compounds rather than sequester them from their host. Thus, the behavioral data and the chemical analysis provide evidence that a specialized cuckoo wasp exhibits chemical mimicry of the odor of its host. This probably allows the cuckoo wasp to enter the nest with a reduced risk of being detected by olfaction and without leaving traitorous chemical traces.

  12. La sombra del arcediano. El linaje oculto de don Lorenzo Galíndez de Carvajal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baltasar CUART MONER

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: D. Lorenzo Galíndez de Carvajal fue un personaje destacado en la Corte de los Reyes Católicos y Carlos V, además de cronista real. Sin embargo, para alcanzar esta posición tuvo que manipular sus orígenes familiares, siendo como era hijo de un arcediano de Coria y de una moza de servicio en una posada. Las manipulaciones de don Lorenzo tuvieron el éxito apetecido, sin embargo, treinta años después de su muerte, las informaciones realizadas sobre un nieto suyo que quería ingresar en el Colegio Mayor de Oviedo, en Salamanca, sacaron a la luz toda la estrategia familiar que tuvo que poner en marcha su ilustre abuelo para alcanzar la posición a la que llegó.ABSTRACT: D. Lorenzo Galíndez de Carvajal was one of the most influential courtiers at the Catholic King's court. He, too, was one of their chroniclers, but he had to forge his familiar origins in order to hold his job. He was an illegitimate son; his father was an archdeacon in Coria and his mother a maidservant. D. Lorenzo Galíndez de Carvajal succeeded in hiding his origins and his descendants became related to nobility by marriage. Howeyer all his grandfather's impostures and the ways followed by aristocracy to manipulate its origins were discovered when one of his grandsons tried to be admitted to the Oviedo College about the middle of the XVIth century.

  13. EFFICACY OF POSTURAL CORRECTION SUIT ON GAIT PARAMETERS AND EXECUTIVE MOBILITY ACTIVITIES IN DIPLEGIC CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Ali Elshafey

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Spastic diplegic children walk with abnormal gait pattern, suit therapy used for treatment and rehabilitation of diplegic children as it improved gross motor development and corrected abnormal posture via its elastic strapping system, but there was no suit designed especially for postural correction. Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the efficacy of the postural correction suit on gait parameters and executive mobility activities in diplegic children. Materials and methods: Thirty ambulant spastic diplegic children, their age ranges from four to six years old participated in this study. They were randomly divided into two matched groups (control and study. The control group received a selected postural correction program includes, stretching exercises, strengthening exercises, balance exercises and posture and gait correction exercises, while the study group received the same selected postural correction program with the postural correction suit. All children received the treatment for two hours, three times weekly for three successive months. Kinematic gait parameter (hip, knee, and ankle joints angular displacement during mid stance phase were evaluated by 3D gait analysis. Executive mobility activities at home were evaluated by MobQues28. Results: There was a significant improvement in all measured variables for both groups in favor of the study group. Conclusion: The postural correction suit through its elastic strapping system allows the child’s body to be aligned as close to normal as possible. This restoration of the posture and proper function of postural muscles allowed the patients to learn proper patterns of movement thus improving gait patterns and excutive mobility activities in diplegic children. Brief summary: postural correction suit used to treat crouch gait pattern of spastic diplegic children, kinematic gait parameters and executive nobilities activities were measured for both groups

  14. Fumigant toxicity of plant essential oils against Camptomyia corticalis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jun-Ran; Haribalan, Perumalsamy; Son, Bong-Ki; Ahn, Young-Joon

    2012-08-01

    The toxicity of 98 plant essential oils against third instars of cecidomyiid gall midge Camptomyia corticalis (Loew) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) was examined using a vapor-phase mortality bioassay. Results were compared with that of a conventional insecticide dichlorvos. Based on 24-h LC50 values, all essential oils were less toxic than dichlorvos (LC50, 0.027 mg/cm3). The LC50 of caraway (Carum carvi L.) seed, armoise (Artemisia vulgaris L.), clary sage (Salvia sclarea L.), oregano (Origanum vulgare L.), lemongrass [Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf], niaouli (Melaleuca viridiflora Gaertner), spearmint (Mentha spicata L.), cassia especial (Cinnamomum cassia Nees ex Blume), Dalmatian sage (Salvia offcinalis L.), red thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.), bay [Pimenta racemosa (P. Mill.) J.W. Moore], garlic (Allium sativum L.), and pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.) oils is between 0.55 and 0.60 mg/cm3. The LC50 of cassia (C. cassia, pure and redistilled), white thyme (T. vulgaris), star anise (Illicium verum Hook.f.), peppermint (Mentha X piperita L.), wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens L.), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume) bark, sweet marjoram (Origanum majorana L.), Roman chamomile [Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All.], eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus Labill.), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.),Virginian cedarwood (Juniperus virginiana L.), pimento berry [Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr.], summer savory (Satureja hortensis L.), lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.), and coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) oils is between 0.61 and 0.99 mg/cm3. All other essential oils tested exhibited low toxicity to the cecidomyiid larvae (LC50, >0.99 mg/cm3). Global efforts to reduce the level of highly toxic synthetic insecticides in the agricultural environment justify further studies on the active essential oils as potential larvicides for the control of C. corticalis populations as fumigants with contact action. PMID:22928313

  15. Discrete least squares polynomial approximation with random evaluations − application to parametric and stochastic elliptic PDEs

    KAUST Repository

    Chkifa, Abdellah

    2015-04-08

    Motivated by the numerical treatment of parametric and stochastic PDEs, we analyze the least-squares method for polynomial approximation of multivariate functions based on random sampling according to a given probability measure. Recent work has shown that in the univariate case, the least-squares method is quasi-optimal in expectation in [A. Cohen, M A. Davenport and D. Leviatan. Found. Comput. Math. 13 (2013) 819–834] and in probability in [G. Migliorati, F. Nobile, E. von Schwerin, R. Tempone, Found. Comput. Math. 14 (2014) 419–456], under suitable conditions that relate the number of samples with respect to the dimension of the polynomial space. Here “quasi-optimal” means that the accuracy of the least-squares approximation is comparable with that of the best approximation in the given polynomial space. In this paper, we discuss the quasi-optimality of the polynomial least-squares method in arbitrary dimension. Our analysis applies to any arbitrary multivariate polynomial space (including tensor product, total degree or hyperbolic crosses), under the minimal requirement that its associated index set is downward closed. The optimality criterion only involves the relation between the number of samples and the dimension of the polynomial space, independently of the anisotropic shape and of the number of variables. We extend our results to the approximation of Hilbert space-valued functions in order to apply them to the approximation of parametric and stochastic elliptic PDEs. As a particular case, we discuss “inclusion type” elliptic PDE models, and derive an exponential convergence estimate for the least-squares method. Numerical results confirm our estimate, yet pointing out a gap between the condition necessary to achieve optimality in the theory, and the condition that in practice yields the optimal convergence rate.

  16. Vasilii Ilich Denisov: Historical Portrait at the Backdrop of the Russian Modernization (End of XIX – Beginning of XX Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria V. Bratolyubova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article dwells upon key milestones of life and activities of Russian public and political leader Vasilii Ilich Denisov. Social, cultural and political image of the Don Cossack, regional marshal of the nobility, member of the State Council, founder of the Russian Export Chamber – all these versatile aspects of the regional history of the State Duma are focused on in the article. The influence of economic, social and cultural processes of the era of the early industrial Russian modernization upon the activities of V.I. Denisov in various spheres is analyzed. Special attention is given to Denisov’s participation in the work of regional industrialists appeared in Russia at the end of 19th beginning of the 20th century. The article states that those organizations could be considered as the origin of the institutions of Russian civil societies, and as a result an integral part of the modernization process. V.I. Denisov, being an entrepreneur of a new type, was interested in radical reforming of financial and economic policy of the government and creating favorable conditions for the development of entrepreneurship and social activity. The conclusion was drawn that Denisov belonged to that part of the Russian society that succeeded in adapting to the tough conditions of the modernization epoch, the epoch when transition from the society with traditional lifestyle pattern towards the society capable of digesting and assuming innovations, both economic, social or cultural, took place. It is shown that Denisov, being a politician, was focused on class and Russian issues in general. His political views combined traditional and bourgeois-democratic aspects.

  17. Alexander: From Invasion to Absorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    محمود امیدسالار

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The character of Alexander is a mingling of good and bad features; however, there is a kind of illogical anti- Alexander attitude in the studies of the Shāh-nāmeh which is in contrast with the popularity of Alexander in both oral tradition and formal literature. In the Shāh-nāmeh, Alexander is the son of Darab and a descendant of Iranian kings and is entitled to the crown. His story is narrated in about 2408 couplets in detail. The Shāh-nāmeh episode of Alexander has been interpreted by Nöldeke and others as a “face-saving” stratagem aimed at lessening the dishonor of defeat by an alien invader. Although the idea that Iranians may have concocted this story in order to soften the blow of foreign conquest is plausible, this plausibility is not the same thing as proof. A similar story according to which Alexander is the son of an Egyptian king exists in Egyptian versions of the story of Alexander. Since these similar tales existed among two peoples whom Alexander vanquished and then sought to conciliate, it could be equally assumed if these two tales were made up by Alexander’s own propagandists. Alternatively, these tales may have been fabricated by the Greco-Persian and Greco-Egyptian nobilities of the post-conquest societies of Iran and Egypt which sought to bridge the gap between the worlds of their fathers with those of their mothers. All of these scenarios, which are not necessarily mutually exclusive, are plausible. The article discusses these different interpretations by drawing on the known historical details of Alexander’s invasion of Iran.

  18. Deviance and Morals: a study of sixteenth-century Crete under Venetian rule: A first approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romina N. Tsakiri

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examines indicatively offences such as blasphemy, sodomy, adultery and bigamy and the penalties imposed by the Venetian authorities on the island of Crete in sixteenth century. As the sixteenth century was characterised by a strong tendency towards the moralisation of life in the states of Western Europe, State and Church focused on all forms of deviance from the Christian order: issues related to faith, individual behaviour, family life and sexuality, all became objects of discipline. The Venetian state, in collaboration with the church, also penalised offences related to Christian morality, in the island of Crete as well as elsewhere in the Venetian state. The attitude of the Venetian state towards Crete, differences between the city of Venice and the island in the administration of rules governing deviance and promoting moral standards were slight, despite the presence of a substantial Orthodox community. Although, in some offences related to family life Venetian law respected the customs of the Orthodox church. Furthermore, in some cases the treatment of Jews was stricter, as Jews were considered as a possible threat to Christianity and the social structure of the Venetian state. A more significant factor than religious difference on the treatment of these offences was class and economic status and gender. Finally, the moral discipline and strict control over aspects of community life was intended not only to promote the well-being of subjects, and therefore the administration of the state, but also the protection of the prestige, identity and financial interests of the ruling class of nobility.

  19. 永恒的空间,变迁的内涵——《好兵》与英国乡村庄园文学传统%Eternal Space,Changing Significance——The Good Soldier and English Country House Literary Tradition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金凤

    2011-01-01

    《好兵》是福特引以为豪的精心之作。迄今为止,其研究者所选取的视角多集中于技巧方面。实际上,在繁复的叙事之下,福特传达了对变革时期英国社会和文化的诸多思索,包括贵族的责任及未来命运等热点议题。借鉴空间批评理论,分析《好兵》中乡村庄园文化内涵的变迁。它已经不再是传统英国文学中和谐秩序与主人高贵德行的象征,而是贵族命运衰败、主人道德腐败的外在体现。%The Good Soldier is a proud work of Ford,but so far it has been studied mainly from a technical perspective.In fact,underneath its complicated narration,Ford expresses his thoughts upon many aspects of culture in an age of transformation,including the obligation and future of the aristocracy.Based on the space theory,this paper analyzes the changing cultural significance of the English country house as reflected in the novel.Unlike the traditional image of the country house in English literature,Branshaw is no longer the symbol of a harmonious social order or its owner's nobility of character,but a manifestation of the declining fate of aristocracy and its owner's degrading morality.

  20. Effect of annealing temperature on the corrosion behavior of duplex stainless steel studied by in situ techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: → The volume fraction of austenite in DDS 2507 decreased as annealing temperature increased from 1050 to 1150 deg. C. → The paramagnetic austenite showed a nobler Volta potential than ferromagnetic ferrite. → The Volta potential difference between ferrite and austenite is the largest at 1100 deg. C and the smallest at 1150 deg. C. → The preferential corrosion occurred in the ferrite phase in hydrochloric acid solution. → The corrosion rate is highest at 1100 deg. C and lowest at 1150 deg. C. - Abstract: The effects of the annealing temperature on the microstructure and the corrosion behavior of duplex stainless steel 2507 were investigated by means of magnetic force microscopy (MFM), scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy (SKPFM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The SEM results indicated that the volume fraction of the austenite phase decreased with the increased annealing temperature. SKPFM/MFM measurements conducted in air at the room temperature and an ambient relative humidity of about 25% showed a higher Volta potential of the paramagnetic austenite than that of the ferromagnetic ferrite. The in situ AFM observation in a hydrochloric acid solution provided solid evidence that corrosion preferentially occurred in the ferrite phase. The sample annealed at 1100 deg. C exhibited a greater Volta potential difference between the ferrite and austenite and a higher corrosion rate in the ferrite, while that annealed at 1150 deg. C had a smaller Volta potential difference and a lower corrosion rate. The relative nobility and microstructure change of two phases, as well as their corrosion behavior, can be explained by the effect of the composition of alloying elements.