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Sample records for anima nobile reparacao

  1. Gingival healing after gingivectomy procedure and low intensity laser irradiation. A clinical and biometrical study in anima nobile; Reparacao gengival apos a tecnica de gengivectomia e aplicacao de laser em baixa intensidade. Avaliacao clinica e biometrica em humanos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Jose Claudio Faria

    2001-07-01

    For the present study seven patients presenting periodontal disease were selected in a way that they required the performance of gingivectomy procedure in the region of premolars in both sides, being this in the upper or lower region. After the surgical procedure one side was submitted to low intensity laser radiation, wavelength 685 nm, power 50 mW and fluency of 4J/cm{sup 2}, contact mode. The other side was used as a control, not receiving any laser irradiation. Healing process for both sides, was clinically and biometrically evaluated and compared using photographs for the periods: pre-operative, immediate post-operative, 3, 7,14,21, 28 and 35 days. The analysis was performed by 3 specialists in Periodontology considering aspects of healing. Results were submitted to statistical analysis. Biometrical evaluation showed improvement of healing for the period of 21 and 28 days in the lased group. Clinical evaluation showed better reparation mainly after the third day for the active group. Laser group was considered to present an improved healing when compared to the control group. (author)

  2. Daddy : Animaation Storyboard ja Animatic

    OpenAIRE

    Mustajärvi, Lilli

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyöni on animaation storyboard sekä sen mukainen animatic-versio, hahmojen karaktäärinen ja visuaalinen suunnittelu sekä interion suunnittelu ja toteutus. Hahmot on toteutettu piirroksina ja taustat 3D:nä. Kuvakerronta on rakennettu vaiheittain luonnoksesta viimeistellen lopulliseen muotoonsa. My graduation work is an animatic based on my storyboard. Creating characters and designing interior for the animation. Characters has been drawn traditional way and background has been crea...

  3. 77 FR 56698 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Opera Nobile...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... for Exhibition Determinations: ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces From Ancient Italy'' SUMMARY: Notice is... objects to be included in the exhibition ``Opera Nobile: Masterpieces from Ancient Italy,'' imported...

  4. Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequence of Dendrobium nobile from Northeastern India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parameswaran, Sriram; Sundar, Durai

    2016-01-01

    The orchid species Dendrobium nobile belonging to the family Orchidaceae and genus Dendrobium (a vast genus that encompasses nearly 1,200 species) has an herbal medicinal history of about 2000 years in east and south Asian countries. Here, we report the complete chloroplast genome sequence of D. nobile from northeastern India for the first time.

  5. AnimaCampuse lipukiri soovitab: "Kehtesta oma reeglid" / Liina Luhats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luhats, Liina

    2011-01-01

    15.-19. nov.-ni Tallinnas paralleelselt animafilmide festivaliga toimuvat AnimaCampust tutvustab programmijuht Heilika Pikkov. AnimaCampuse avalike loengute kava. 19. nov.-l toimuvast koomiksipäevast

  6. Nordover med filmkamera - fra Wellman til Nobile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Anders Diesen

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Heroic Era in Polar Exploration is filled with fascinating stories about interesting men, and the Race for the Poles is richly described in hundreds of books. The Heroic Era in Polar Exploration coincided with the conception of film technology and rise of commercial cinema, and many polar explorers saw potential in utilising this new technology as a research tool. As a result there exists a range of films from the Polar Explorations, but since their making and initial screenings they have received little attention. The story of these films is also an interesting one, although it has not yet been written. A few years after the production of the first film cameras, the explorer Carsten Borchgrevink brought one along on his British Antarctic Expedition in 1898. His main sponsor, a newspaper publisher, wanted to make news films, but the cinematograph, the film reel and the filming skills were not sufficiently developed to capture living images from the polar region. Our record of this first attempt at making a polar film is limited to one scene from when the expedition is leaving London.The first explorer to succeed in filming in the Arctic was Anthony Fiala in 1902, and since his breakthrough the cinematograph became standard scientific equipment on all polar expeditions. The Mechanical Era in Polar Exploration came with the aeroplanes, the airships and the telegraph. Roald Amundsen played a major role here; he claimed his idea about using aeroplanes was as important to the polar exploration as Nansen´s use of skies and dogsledges in the heroic era. This article tells the story about explorers with film camera trying to reach the North Pole from Spitzbergen. Wellman, Amundsen, Byrd and Nobile are the main characters. The story of their fantastic expeditions is told by others; this is the story about their films, and how the films from the Arctic developed from just documenting landscape and animal life until they became proper documentary

  7. Radulphus Brito's Commentary on Aristotle's De anima

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, Sander W.

    2012-01-01

    In 1974, Winfried Fauser published his edition of Radulphus Brito's commentary on the third book of Aristotle's De anima. This contribution continues his project by providing an edition of Brito's commentary on the first book and the first third of the second book. An analysis of this part of the co

  8. Nobility, Competence, and Disruption: Challenges to Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenstermacher, Gary D.

    2015-01-01

    This article was comprises the keynote address presented by Gary D. Fenstermacher, at the Conference of the California Council on Teacher Education (CCTE), March 19, 2015, in San Jose, California. The subject covered Nobility, Competence, and Disruption and what they mean in teacher education. Fenstermacher presents his subject in four assertions:…

  9. Clergy, nobility and crown in Decadência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Liu

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current work I intend to inquire into the internal motives that led the Portuguese seaborne empire to decadence. After making a brief review of the historiography about the decline of Estado da Índia, I proceed to the analysis of the Crown-Church-Nobility triangle in the course of os Descobrimentos, and of their respective roles in the evolution of Portuguese empire. The absolutization of the crown, the over-expansion of the clergy and the empowerment of the aristocracy became the most conspicuous and longstanding features in the Portuguese social fabric after the country launched herself into maritime undertakings, which crippled her agriculture and retarded the industrialization. As a consequence, the rise of bourgeoisie and the transformation of mercantilist economy into the capitalist were obstructed, and a strong adventurous but non-productive spirit mixed with disdain of manual work prevailed both in metropolis and in overseas territories. In conclusion, the Portuguese decadence commenced from within rather than from without, and far prior to Dutch intrusions in Portuguese Asia, which only accelerated the decline.

  10. NOBILITY DEPUTY ASSEMBLY IN THE NORTHERN CAUCASUS IN 1905 – 1917 YY.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chikaeva K. S.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Based on the archival sources, the article reviews the activities of the Nobility Deputy Assembly in the Northern Caucasus in 1905 – 1917. The author examines the role of noble organizations in solving the class issues in Russia in the early XXth century. She notes a marked increase in the activity of the Stavropol noble Assembly caused by the events of the revolution of 1905 – 1907 yy. In this case the author draws attention to the fact that during this period, autocracy strictly limited the power of the nobility Assembly, and in addition noble organization was strictly forbidden to discuss political issues. It is noted that local nobles were quite passive in social and political activity and they were not involved in the work created at the time of the joint noble societies, although some regional representatives of the nobility (in particular K. I. Bielecki participated in the activities of the First nobility Congress in 1906 y. Charitable activity of the Noble Assembly during the First World War was also investigated in the he article. The noble mutual benefit was created to assist the families of killed and wounded warriors and for maintenance of hospitals. In addition, the Noble Assembly provided the upper floor of noble house for the hospital, and the lower one for the Ladies' Committee. The article shows that despite all the difficulties there was a gradual clearance of the political position of the nobility of the Northern Caucasus at the beginning of the XXth century. The author draws attention to the fact that noble organization has proposed various measures aimed at strengthening economic and political influence of this class. She comes to the conclusion that the role of the nobility in the social structure of Russian society of that time is undergoing a significant transformation, and the importance of the nobility in the system of socio-economic relations and the management system of the Russian Empire was significantly reduced

  11. Anima and Animus of the Hero and Heroine in Snowdrops

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游伟

    2013-01-01

    According to Carl Jung, a male may possess feminine psychological qualities and a female may possess masculine psy-chological qualities. From this perspective, this paper tries to use Carl Jung’s theory of anima and animus to analyze the character-ization of the hero and heroine in snowdrops.

  12. Interaction between a dark septate endophytic isolate from Dendrobium sp. and roots of D. nobile seedlings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Xiao-Qiang; Guo, Shun-Xing

    2009-04-01

    Interactions between an isolate of dark septate endophytes (DSE) and roots of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. seedlings are reported in this paper. The isolate was obtained from orchid mycorrhizas on Dendrobium sp. in subtropical forest. The fungus formed typical orchid mycorrhiza in aseptic co-culture with D. nobile seedlings on modified Murashige-Skoog (MMS) medium. Anatomic observations of the infected roots showed that the DSE hyphae invaded the velamen layer, passed through passage cells in exodermis, entered the cortex cells, and then formed fungal pelotons of orchid mycorrhiza. D. nobile seedlings' plant height, stem diameter, new roots number and biomass were greatly enhanced by inoculating the fungus to seedlings. The fungus was identified as Leptodontidium by sequencing the polymerase chain reaction-amplified rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (internal transcribed spacer (ITS)) regions and comparison with similar taxa.

  13. Clergy, nobility and crown in Decadência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Liu

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current work I intend to inquire into the internal motives that led the Portuguese seaborne empire to decadence. After making a brief review of the historiography about the decline of Estado da Índia, I proceed to the analysis of the Crown-Church-Nobility triangle in the course of os Descobrimentos, and of their respective roles in the evolution of Portuguese empire. The absolutization of the crown, the over-expansion of the clergy and the empowerment of the aristocracy became the most conspicuous and longstanding features in the Portuguese social fabric after the country launched herself into maritime undertakings, which crippled her agriculture and retarded the industrialization. As a consequence, the rise of bourgeoisie and the transformation of mercantilist economy into the capitalist were obstructed, and a strong adventurous but non-productive spirit mixed with disdain of manual work prevailed both in metropolis and in overseas territories. In conclusion, the Portuguese decadence commenced from within rather than from without, and far prior to Dutch intrusions in Portuguese Asia, which only accelerated the decline.No presente trabalho tenciono indagar as causas internas que dirigiram o império marítimo português à decadência. Depois de uma revisitação da historiografia relativa ao declínio do Estado da Índia, procedo a uma análise do triângulo de Monarca-Igreja-Nobreza durante os Descobrimentos e dos seus papéis respectivos no evoluir do Império português. É verificável que a absolutização da Coroa, a sobre-expansão do clero e a potenciação da aristocracia tornaram-se as características mais salientes e duradouras na estrutura social portuguesa depois de o país se lançar nas façanhas marítimas, do que resultou a agricultura prejudicada e indústria atrasada. A predominância dessas três instituições, por um lado, impediu a ascensão da burguesia, assim dificultando a transformação da economia

  14. Antibacterial, anti-swarming and anti-biofilm formation activities of Chamaemelum nobile against Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Kazemian

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available AbstractINTRODUCTION:Chamomile ( Chamaemelum nobile is widely used throughout the world, and has anti-inflammatory, deodorant, bacteriostatic, antimicrobial, carminative, sedative, antiseptic, anti-catarrhal, and spasmolytic properties. Because of the increasing incidence of drug-resistant bacteria, the development of natural antibacterial sources such as medical herbs for the treatment of infectious diseases is necessary. Extracts from different plant parts such as the leaves, flowers, fruit, and bark of Combretum albiflorum, Laurus nobilis , and Sonchus oleraceus were found to possess anti-quorum sensing (QS activities. In this study, we evaluated the effect of C. nobile against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formationMETHODS:The P. aeruginosa samples were isolated from patients with different types of infection, including wound infection, septicemia, and urinary tract infection. The flowers of C. nobile were dried and the extract was removed using a rotary device and then dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide at pH 7.4. The microdilution method was used to evaluate the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC of this extract on P. aeruginosa , and biofilm inhibition was assayed.RESULTS:Eighty percent of the isolated samples (16/20 could form a biofilm, and most of these were isolated from wound infections. The biofilm inhibitory concentration of the C. nobile extract was 6.25-25mg/ml, whereas the MIC was 12.5-50mg/ml.CONCLUSIONS:The anti-QS property of C. nobile may play an important role in its antibacterial activity, thus offering an additional strategy in the fight against bacterial infections. However, molecular investigation is required to explore the exact mechanisms of the antibacterial action and functions of this phytocompound.

  15. Tandem Mass Spectrometry for Structural Identification of Sesquiterpene Alkaloids from the Stems of Dendrobium nobile Using LC-QToF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan-Hong; Avula, Bharathi; Abe, Naohito; Wei, Feng; Wang, Mei; Ma, Shuang-Cheng; Ali, Zulfiqar; Elsohly, Mahmoud A; Khan, Ikhlas A

    2016-05-01

    Dendrobium nobile is one of the fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine. Sesquiterpene alkaloids are the main active components in this plant. Due to weak ultraviolet absorption and low content in D. nobile, these sesquiterpene alkaloids have not been extensively studied using chromatographic methods. Herein, tandem mass spectrometry combined with liquid chromatography separation provides a tool for the identification and characterization of the alkaloids from D. nobile. A total of nine sesquiterpene alkaloids were characterized by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. These alkaloids can be classified into two subgroups that are represented by dendrobine and nobilonine. Tandem mass spectrometric studies revealed the fragmentation pathways of these two subgroup alkaloids that were used for the identification and characterization of other alkaloids in D. nobile. Characterization of these alkaloids using accurate mass and diagnostic fragments provided a reliable methodology for the analysis of D. nobile by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The limit of detection was defined as the signal-to-noise ratio equal to 3 : 1. Limits of detection of dendrobine and nobilonine were less than 30 ng/mL. The developed method was applied for the analysis of various Dendrobium species and related dietary supplements. Alkaloids were identified from D. nobile, but not detected from commercial samples including 13 other Dendrobium species and the 7 dietary supplements.

  16. O inferno em animação

    OpenAIRE

    Corso, Gizelle Kaminski; Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina (IFSC)

    2013-01-01

    Neste trabalho, apresento uma análise da animação cinematográfica Dante’s Inferno [O Inferno de Dante] baseada no jogo homônimo para videogame, desenvolvido e lançado pelas empresas Visceral Games e Electronic Arts, em 2010, e inspirados na Divina Commedia, do poeta italiano Dante Alighieri (1265-1321). Para efetuar essa análise, tendo em vista um “novo” emblema de leitores – ou seja, leitores destas e de tantas outras linguagens –, recorro à noção de “leitores, espectadores e internautas”, a...

  17. Preliminary genetic linkage maps of Chinese herb Dendrobium nobile and D. moniliforme

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Shangguo Feng; Hongyan Zhao; Jiangjie Lu; Junjun Liu; Bo Shen; Huizhong Wang

    2013-08-01

    Dendrobium is an endangered genus in the orchid family with medicinal and horticultural value. Two preliminary genetic linkage maps were constructed using 90 F1 progeny individuals derived from an interspecific cross between D. nobile and D. moniliforme (both, $2n = 38$), using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and intersimple sequence repeat (ISSR). A total of 286 RAPD loci and 68 ISSR loci were identified and used for genetic linkage analysis. Maps were constructed by double pseudo-testcross mapping strategy using the software Mapmaker/EXP ver. 3.0, and Kosambi map distances were constructed using a LOD score ≥4 and a recombination threshold of 0.4. The resulting frame map of D. nobile was 1474 cM in total length with 116 loci distributed in 15 linkage groups; and the D. moniliforme linkage map had 117 loci placed in 16 linkage groups spanning 1326.5 cM. Both maps showed 76.91% and 73.59% genome coverage for D. nobile and D. moniliforme, respectively. These primary maps provide an important basis for genetic studies and further medicinal and horticultural traits mapping and marker-assisted selection in Dendrobium breeding programmes.

  18. Mast cells behavior analysis: non mineralized wall of suprabony periodontal pockets submitted to low intensity laser radiation. (An in anima nobile study); Verificacao do comportamento de mastocitos na parede nao mineralizada da bolsa periodontal supra-ossea submetida a radiacao laser de baixa intensidade. (Estudo in anima nobile)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silveira, Livio de Barros

    2001-07-01

    For this study 20 patients with periodontal disease were selected. The treatment required for all of then was the gingivectomy, a ressective periodontal surgery. This technique consists of removing the whole excess of gingival tissue with the intent of reestablishing the anatomy and the correct function. The gingival area was submitted to 2 different wavelengths and then histologically analysed to search for alterations, mainly concerning mast cells behavior, a blood cell responsible, among other things, for blood vases enlargement. During the surgical procedure each gingival area was submitted to infrared low intensity laser ({lambda} = 785 nm) or to red laser ({lambda} = 688 nm), both with 50 mW of power and fluence of 8 J/cm{sup 2}. A third area was analysed, the control area, in which no laser treatment was employed. The samples were fixated in formol, cut and stained by hematoxyline eosine and toluidine blue. Based on the result we can conclude: the 2 wavelengths used in this study led to the reduction in the number of mast cells present in the tissue as well as to the increase on the degranulation of the remaining mast cells, considered statistically significant taken the degranulation index and; there was no significant difference caused by the action of the two laser wavelengths {lambda}=785 nm and {lambda}=688 nm -50 mW of power and fluence of 8 J/cm{sup 2}-, over the degranulation of the mast cells; the length and width of the randomly chosen blood vases were not statistically different among the analysed groups. (author)

  19. Um sistema grafico para modelagem de animações em Labanotation

    OpenAIRE

    Beatrice Hotz Guimarães

    2002-01-01

    Resumo: Esta tese apresenta o CVL: Sistema Gráfico de criação de Coreografias Virtuais a partir da Labanotation: Relata sua origem e seu processo Descreve o Método Laban e a Labanotation, que são a entrada de dados para este sistema. Apresenta o contexto das produções de animação realizadas através do método tradicional de animação e a realizada pelo computador. Descreve as ferramentas computacionais utilizadas para a realização de animações de personagens 3D. Descreve o sistema CVL. - Apr...

  20. Effect of silicon on the quality of flowers of Dendrobium nobile (OrchidaceaeEfeito do silício na qualidade de flores de Dendrobium nobile (Orchidaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Reiners Carvalho

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The orchid Dendrobium nobile Lindl is widely cultivated throughout the world as cut and potted flowers. Silicon (Si has demonstrated beneficial effects on various crops, increasing cell stiffness, giving protection to pathogens, increasing photosynthetic capacity and drought tolerance, promoting higher growth and longevity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different concentrations of silicon on Dendrobium nobile orchid flowers. Treatments were performed with magnesium silicate (SiMg at the following concentrations: 0.0, 0.16; 0.32; 0.48 and 0.64 g L-1. The foliar applications were carried out fortnightly totaling four applications two months before flowering. The variables evaluated were: longevity of flowers, number of flowers per pot and number of shoots per plant. The experimental design was completely randomized with five treatments and ten replications. The foliar applications of SiMg increased 59% flower production and shoots up to 66%, being more efficient with the increasing of concentrations. The increasing of longevity of the flowers in the dose 0.45 g L-1 was up to four days. A orquídea Dendrobium nobile Lindl é amplamente cultivada pelo mundo como flor de corte e em vasos. O silício (Si tem demonstrado efeito benéfico em diversas culturas, como por exemplo: aumentando a rigidez celular, conferindo proteção à fitopatógenos, aumento da capacidade fotossintética, tolerância à seca, promoção de maior crescimento e conservação pós-colheita. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do silício em diferentes concentrações na qualidade de flores da orquídea Dendrobium nobile. Os tratamentos foram realizados com silicato de magnésio (SiMg nas seguintes concentrações: 0,0; 0,16; 0,32; 0,48 e 0,64g L-1. As aplicações foram realizadas quinzenalmente via foliar, totalizando quatro aplicações dois meses antes do florescimento. As variáveis avaliadas foram: longevidade das flores, número de

  1. Interaction between a Dark Septate Endophytic Isolate from Dendrobium sp.and Roots of D.nobile Seedlings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-Qiang Hou; Shun-Xing Guo

    2009-01-01

    Interactions between an isolate of dark septate endophytas (DSE) and roots of Dendroblum nobile Lindl.seedlings are reported in this paper.The isolate was obtained from orchid mycorrhizas on Dendrobium sp.in subtropical forest.The fungus formed typical orchid mycorrhiza in aseptic co-culture with D.nobile seedlings on modified Murashige-Skoog (MMS)medium.Anatomic observations of the infected roots showed that the DSE hyphae invaded the velamen layer,passed through passage cells in exodermis,entered the cortex cells,and then formed fungal pelotons of orchid mycorrhiza.D.nobile seedlings' plant height,stem diameter,new roots number and biomass were greatly enhanced by inoculating the fungus to seedlings.The fungus was identified as Leptodontidium by sequencing the polymerase chain reaction-amplified rDNA ITSt-5.8S-ITS2 (internal transcribed spacer (ITS)) regions and comparison with similar taxa.

  2. Tandem Mass Spectrometry for Structural Identification of Sesquiterpene alkaloids from the stems of dendrobium nobile using LC-QToF3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dendrobium nobile is one of the fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Sesquiterpene alkaloids are the main active components in this plant. Due to weak ultraviolet absorption and low content in D. nobile, these sesquiterpene alkaloids have not been extensively studied using chroma...

  3. The hero, the anima and the claustrum: anality and idealization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meredith-Owen, William

    2012-04-01

    Joe Redfearn's (1979) classic paper 'The captive, the treasure, the hero and the anal stage of development' is recognized as seminal to the development of Jungian thought about anality, particularly its integration with mainstream (Freudian, Kleinian) psychoanalytic perspectives. This paper develops such an approach through drawing on contributions from Meltzer, Green, Bion, Chasseguet-Smirgel and Kernberg. More specifically, it is argued that over-investment in hero and anima archetypal configurations may represent an attempt to replace the resource of the internal parental couple that, at the level of unconscious phantasy, has been destroyed by the aggrieved child's attack on the primal scene. Unless this usually dissociated sadism can be integrated, the creative epistemophilic instinct may remain blunted, giving rise, through projective identification, to the adoption of a pseudo-adult identity based on appropriation or assertion. This in turn may lead to manic attempts to reach authentic ('animating') experience through the (often erotized) excitement of heroic endeavour. Consideration of both Redfearn's and the author's own clinical material demonstrates how close attention to process as well as content is fundamental to revealing and addressing such likely-to-be dissociated scenarios.

  4. Os sete graus de atividade da alma humana no De quantitate animae de Santo Agostinho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Ricardo Strefling

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A alma é, sem dúvida, um dos problemas que mais interessou a Santo Agostinho; ele a define como uma substância partícipe da razão adequada ao governo de um corpo. A alma não tem quantidade corporal, contudo, é uma coisa grande. Este estudo pretende refletir sobre os sete graus de atividade da alma, os quais o autor apresenta na sua obra De quantitate animae. São eles: a animação, a sensação, a arte, a virtude, a tranquilidade, o ingresso e a contemplação.

  5. Tristano Caracciolo and his “question” about nobility. The regis servitium in the Neapolitan 15th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Tufano

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper starts from the central position of the concept of regis servitium as a constitutive element of the Southern Italy Humanism’s thought about the theme of nobilitas, deepening the particular situation of Tristano Caracciolo. It catches both the aspects of originality and continuity in the political treatise tradition between the 15th and the 16th centuries. For this purpose it shows how the noble humanist Tristano Caracciolo, in contrast with the thesis of Bracciolini’s de vera nobilitate, has claimed a behavior model for the Neapolitan nobility in which the regis servitium is the condition of nobility, is the synonym of activism, is the workshop of glory and wealth.

  6. 75 FR 57289 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Pioneer Historical Society of Bent County, Las Animas, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ..., CO AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. Notice is here given in accordance with... Animas, CO. The human remains were removed from unknown locations. This notice is published as part of..., New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico; Pueblo of Tesuque,...

  7. Generalized geologic map of part of the upper Animas River watershed and vicinity, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, D.B.; Bove, D.J.

    2002-01-01

    This dataset represents geology compiled for the upper Animas River Watershed near Silverton, Colorado. The source data used are derived from 1:24,000, 1:20,000, 1:48,000 and 1:250,000-scale geologic maps by geologists who have worked in this area since the early 1960's.

  8. The Role of the Nobility in the Development of Navigation on the Danube (XIX - early XX centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliya Tsyganenko

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The questions of the place and role of the nobility of Bessarabia in the development of transport Infrastructure of the region in the late 19th - early 20th centuries is disscused. The activity of Prince Y. Gagarin - the first founder of shipping company on the Danube - Russian-Danube Shipping Company, which by 1886 evolved into a major joint-venture private limited transport in Bessarabia - Black Sea-Danube Shipping

  9. Absolutely nondestructive discrimination of Huoshan Dendrobium nobile species with miniature near-infrared (NIR) spectrometer engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Tian; Yang, Hai-Long; Tang, Qing; Zhang, Hui; Nie, Lei; Li, Lian; Wang, Jin-Feng; Liu, Dong-Ming; Jiang, Wei; Wang, Fei; Zang, Heng-Chang

    2014-10-01

    As one very precious traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Huoshan Dendrobium has not only high price, but also significant pharmaceutical efficacy. However, different species of Huoshan Dendrobium exhibit considerable difference in pharmaceutical efficacy, so rapid and absolutely non-destructive discrimination of Huoshan Dendrobium nobile according to different species is crucial to quality control and pharmaceutical effect. In this study, as one type of miniature near-infrared (NIR) spectrometer, MicroNIR 1700 was used for absolutely nondestructive determination of NIR spectra of 90 batches of Dendrobium from five species of differ- ent commodity grades. The samples were intact and not smashed. Soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA) pattern recognition based on principal component analysis (PCA) was used to classify and recognize different species of Dendrobium samples. The results indicated that the SIMCA qualitative models established with pretreatment method of standard normal variate transformation (SNV) in the spectra range selected by Qs method had 100% recognition rates and 100% rejection rates. This study demonstrated that a rapid and absolutely non-destructive analytical technique based on MicroNIR 1700 spectrometer was developed for successful discrimination of five different species of Huoshan Dendrobium with acceptable accuracy.

  10. Arminio nobile e la misura del cielo ovvero le disavventure di un astronomo napoletano

    CERN Document Server

    Capaccioli, Massimo

    2012-01-01

    La scienza è un’esaltante avventura che è costume raccontare attraverso le gesta dei grandi. Esiste però un’altra storia, altrettanto avvincente ma con poca voce, scritta dai tanti gregari e potenziali campioni cui la sorte, spesso nemmeno troppo cieca, ha negato la gloria. Questo libro parla di uno di loro e del suo piccolo mondo sulla collina di Capodimonte, a Napoli. È la parabola di Arminio Nobile – personaggio notevole eppure poco noto dell’astronomia italiana – svolta sulla scena della nascente astrofisica, in una stagione di grandi transizioni per il Mezzogiorno. Arminio, che era figlio di Giuseppina Guacci, figura di spicco della cultura pre-risorgimentale, e di un valente astronomo della Specola di Capodimonte, scelse di votarsi allo studio del cielo. Osservatore instancabile, appassionato e genialoide, aveva le carte in regola e le motivazioni per “sfondare”, ma la fortuna non gli arrise: più volte si beffò di lui, spingendolo su vicoli ciechi che la sua testardaggine gli impedì...

  11. Descriptions of the Animas River-Cement Creek Confluence and Mixing Zone Near Silverton, Colorado, During the Late Summers of 1996-1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Descriptions of the Animas River-Cement Creek Confluence and Mixing Zone near Silverton , Colorado, during the Late Summers of 1996 and 1997 U.S...circum-neutral Animas River in a high-elevation region of the San Juan Mountains near Silverton , Colorado. Cement Creek is acidic and enriched in metals...Animas River drains an extensively mineralized caldera in the San Juan Mountains near Silverton , Colorado (Yager and Bove, 2002). This is an area of

  12. Alongamento de plantas de Dendrobium nobile Lindl. com pulverização de ácido giberélico Elongation of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. plants by gibberellic acid pulverization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mívia Rosa de Medeiros Vichiato

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Dendrobium nobile Lindl. (olho-de-boneca é uma das orquídeas mais populares do Brasil, ocupando posição de destaque no mercado de plantas de corte e de vaso. Entretanto, o desenvolvimento muito lento da família Orchidaceae tem contribuído para o elevado valor unitário de suas plantas, sendo necessárias técnicas que promovam a obtenção mais rápida de plantas comercializáveis. Objetivando avaliar o efeito do ácido giberélico no alongamento de plantas de D. nobile, foi realizado experimento em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com cinco concentrações de GA3 (0, 50, 100, 200 e 400 mg.L-1 e treze repetições. Efetuaram-se quatro pulverizações com soluções de ácido giberélico a intervalos quinzenais e noventa dias após início dos tratamentos, avaliaram-se as seguintes características: altura e diâmetro do pseudobulbo, número de folhas, largura e comprimento das folhas. A aplicação do GA3 promoveu, em comparação às plantas testemunhas, incrementos de 64,08% em altura e 44,27% no comprimento das folhas e decréscimos de 50% no diâmetro do pseudobulbo e 56,09% na largura das folhas. Não houve diferença entre as concentrações de GA3 testadas. Portanto, o ácido giberélico nas concentrações de 50 a 400 mg.L-1 é igualmente eficiente no alongamento de plantas D. nobile.The Dendrobium nobile Lindl. (olho-de-boneca is one of the most popular orchids of Brazil, occupying prominence position in the market of cut plants and pot. However, the very slow development of the family Orchidaceae has been contributing to the high unitary value of the plants, being necessary techniques that promote the fastest way of obtaining plants in the marketed. With the objective of evaluating the effect of the gibberellic acid in the elongation of plants of D. nobile spread by cutting, an entirely randomized experimental design was carried out with five concentrations of GA3 (0, 50, 100, 200 and 400 mg.L-1 and thirteen replications

  13. Surficial geologic maps along the riparian zone of the Animas River and its headwater tributaries, Silverton to Durango, Colorado, with upper Animas River watershed gradient profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blair, R.W.; Yager, D.B.; Church, S.E.

    2002-01-01

    This product consists of Adobe Acrobat .PDF format documents for 10 surficial geologic strip maps along the Animas River watershed from its major headwater tributaries, south to Durango, Colorado. The Animas River originates in the San Juan Mountains north of the historic mining town of Silverton, Colorado. The surficial geologic maps identify surficial deposits, such as flood-plain and terrace gravels, alluvial fans, glacial till, talus, colluvium, landslides, and bogs. Sixteen primary units were mapped that included human-related deposits and structures, eight alluvial, four colluvial, one glacial, travertine deposits, and undifferentiated bedrock. Each of the surficial geologic strip maps has .PDF links to surficial geology photographs, which enable the user to take a virtual tour of these deposits. Geochemical data collected from mapped surficial deposits that pre- and postdate mining activity have aided in determining the geochemical baseline in the watershed. Several photographs with their corresponding geochemical baseline profiles are accessible through .PDF links from several of the maps. A single coverage for all surficial deposits mapped is included as an ArcInfo shape file as an Arc Export format .e00 file. A gradient map for major headwater tributary streams to the Animas River is also included. The gradient map has stream segments that are color-coded based on relative variations in slope and .PDF format links to each stream gradient profile. Stream gradients were derived from U.S. Geological Survey 10-m digital elevation model data. This project was accomplished in support of the U.S. Geological Survey's Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado.

  14. Stephen's Anima Archetype Development in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋昕

    2015-01-01

    阿尼玛作为荣格集体无意识理论提出的重要原型,主要指男人潜意识中的女性原型意象.乔伊斯名作《一个青年艺术家的画像》里几位重要女性作为斯蒂芬潜意识里的阿尼玛意象,对他从懵懂到成熟的不同成长阶段影响深远.%Anima is the important archetype of Jung's Collective Unconscious, and mainly refers to the archetypal female images existing within the men's unconsciousness. The heroines as Stephen's Anima in Unconscious in Joyce's masterpiece A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man have great impact on Stephen's psychological mature from ignorance.

  15. Water quality and aquatic toxicity data of 2002 spring thaw conditions in the upper Animas River watershed, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fey, D.L.; Wirt, L.; Besser, J.M.; Wright, W.G.

    2002-01-01

    This report presents hydrologic, water-quality, and biologic toxicity data collected during the annual spring thaw of 2002 in the upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colorado. The spring-thaw runoff is a concern because elevated concentrations of iron oxyhydroxides can contain sorbed trace metals that are potentially toxic to aquatic life. Water chemistry of streams draining the San Juan Mountains is affected by natural acid drainage and weathering of hydrothermal altered volcanic rocks and by more than a century of mining activities. The timing of the spring-thaw sampling effort was determined by reviewing historical climate and stream-flow hydrographs and current weather conditions. Twenty-one water-quality samples were collected between 11:00 AM March 27, 2002 and 6:00 PM March 30, 2002 to characterize water chemistry at the A-72 gage on the upper Animas River below Silverton. Analyses of unfiltered water at the A-72 gage showed a relation between turbidity and total-recoverable iron concentrations, and showed diurnal patterns. Copper and lead concentrations were related to iron concentrations, indicating that these elements are probably sorbed to colloidal iron material. Calcium, strontium, and sulfate concentrations showed overall decreasing trends due to dilution, but the loads of those constituents increased over the sampling period. Nine water-quality samples were collected near the confluence of Mineral Creek with the Animas River, the confluence of Cement Creek with the Animas River, and on the upper Animas River above the confluence with Cement Creek (three samples at each site). A total of six bulk water-toxicity samples were collected before, during, and after the spring thaw from the Animas River at the A-72 gage site. Toxicity tests conducted with the bulk water samples on amphipods did not show strong differences in toxicity among the three sampling periods; however, toxicity of river water to fathead minnows showed a decreasing trend

  16. ANIMA: A data-sharing initiative for neuroimaging meta-analyses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Andrew T; Bzdok, Danilo; Genon, Sarah; Langner, Robert; Müller, Veronika I; Eickhoff, Claudia R; Hoffstaedter, Felix; Cieslik, Edna-Clarisse; Fox, Peter T; Laird, Angela R; Amunts, Katrin; Caspers, Svenja; Eickhoff, Simon B

    2016-01-01

    Meta-analytic techniques allow cognitive neuroscientists to pool large amounts of data across many individual task-based functional neuroimaging experiments. These methods have been aided by the introduction of online databases such as Brainmap.org or Neurosynth.org, which collate peak activation coordinates obtained from thousands of published studies. Findings from meta-analytic studies typically include brain regions which are consistently activated across studies for specific contrasts, investigating cognitive or clinical hypotheses. These regions can be subsequently used as the basis for seed-based connectivity analysis, or formally compared to neuroimaging data in order to help interpret new findings. To facilitate such approaches, we have developed a new online repository of meta-analytic neuroimaging results, named the Archive of Neuroimaging Meta-analyses (ANIMA). The ANIMA platform consists of an intuitive online interface for querying, downloading, and contributing data from published meta-analytic studies. Additionally, to aid the process of organizing, visualizing, and working with these data, we present an open-source desktop application called Volume Viewer. Volume Viewer allows users to easily arrange imaging data into composite stacks, and save these sessions as individual files, which can also be uploaded to the ANIMA database. The application also allows users to perform basic functions, such as computing conjunctions between images, or extracting regions-of-interest or peak coordinates for further analysis. The introduction of this new resource will enhance the ability of researchers to both share their findings and incorporate existing meta-analytic results into their own research.

  17. Tecnologias de gênero e dispositivo amoroso nos filmes de animação da Disney

    OpenAIRE

    Monteiro, Clara; Zanello, Valeska

    2014-01-01

    Recursos midiáticos representam uma tecnologia de gênero poderosa na sociedade ocidental atual, expondo constantemente representações sociais diferenciadas para homens e mulheres. Tendo em vista que os desenhos de animação veiculados para crianças estabelecem um dos primeiros contatos com estes recursos, o presente estudo pretendeu identificar os estereótipos e valores de gênero que atravessam quatro filmes de animação de Walt Disney: “Cinderela”, “A Bela e a Fera”, “A Pequena Ser...

  18. Cloning, Expression Profiling and Functional Analysis of CnHMGS, a Gene Encoding 3-hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl Coenzyme A Synthase from Chamaemelum nobile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuiyuan Cheng

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile L. is renowned for its production of essential oils, which major components are sesquiterpenoids. As the important enzyme in the sesquiterpenoid biosynthesis pathway, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthase (HMGS catalyze the crucial step in the mevalonate pathway in plants. To isolate and identify the functional genes involved in the sesquiterpene biosynthesis of C. nobile L., a HMGS gene designated as CnHMGS (GenBank Accession No. KU529969 was cloned from C. nobile. The cDNA sequence of CnHMGS contained a 1377 bp open reading frame encoding a 458-amino-acid protein. The sequence of the CnHMGS protein was highly homologous to those of HMGS proteins from other plant species. Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that CnHMGS clustered with the HMGS of Asteraceae in the dicotyledon clade. Further functional complementation of CnHMGS in the mutant yeast strain YSC6274 lacking HMGS activity demonstrated that the cloned CnHMGS cDNA encodes a functional HMGS. Transcript profile analysis indicated that CnHMGS was preferentially expressed in flowers and roots of C. nobile. The expression of CnHMGS could be upregulated by exogenous elicitors, including methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid, suggesting that CnHMGS was elicitor-responsive. The characterization and expression analysis of CnHMGS is helpful to understand the biosynthesis of sesquiterpenoid in C. nobile at the molecular level and also provides molecular wealth for the biotechnological improvement of this important medicinal plant.

  19. Genetic stability and phytochemical analysis of the in vitro regenerated plants of Dendrobium nobile Lindl., an endangered medicinal orchid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Paromik; Kumaria, Suman; Diengdoh, Reemavareen; Tandon, Pramod

    2014-12-01

    An efficient genetically stable regeneration protocol with increased phytochemical production has been established for Dendrobium nobile, a highly prized orchid for its economic and medicinal importance. Protocorm like bodies (PLBs) were induced from the pseudostem segments using thidiazuron (TDZ; 1.5 mg/l), by-passing the conventional auxin-cytokinin complement approach for plant regeneration. Although, PLB induction was observed at higher concentrations of TDZ, plantlet regeneration from those PLBs was affected adversely. The best rooting (5.41 roots/shoot) was achieved in MS medium with 1.5 mg/l TDZ and 0.25% activated charcoal. Plantlets were successfully transferred to a greenhouse with a survival rate of 84.3%, exhibiting normal development. Genetic stability of the regenerated plants was investigated using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and start codon targeted (SCoT) polymorphism markers which detected 97% of genetic fidelity among the regenerants. The PIC values of RAPD and SCoT primers were recorded to be 0.92 and 0.76 and their Rp values ranged between 3.66 and 10, and 4 and 12 respectively. The amplification products of the regenerated plants showed similar banding patterns to that of the mother plant thus demonstrating the homogeneity of the micropropagated plants. A comparative phytochemical analysis among the mother and the micropropagated plants showed a higher yield of secondary metabolites. The regeneration protocol developed in this study provides a basis for ex-situ germplasm conservation and also harnesses the various secondary metabolite compounds of medicinal importance present in D. nobile.

  20. Anima/Animus and Wise Old Man in Six Characters in Search of an Author

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Jamalinesari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The word ‘archetype’ is derived from the Greek words arche meaning ‘first’ and type meaning ‘imprint’ or ‘pattern’. Actually, the archetypes are like deposits of experiences that have been frequently repeated in the history of human beings. They are present in all humans from birth. They can be represented in dreams, fantasies, or as a story, as a pattern or image such as mandala, or as an archetypal or mythical character. Jung believes that the archetypes are not memories of past experiences but are forms without content that represent a certain kind of perception and action. They offer a kind of preparation to produce similar mythical ideas again and again.  Jung discovers that, since we have different cultures with different people, we have different kinds of archetypes – some known, many others yet to be discovered. In this regards, in the followings the archetypes Anima/Animus and Wise Old Man are discussed in Six Characters in Search of an Author to show how the question of reality, illusion and the oxymoron illusive reality as a major theme haunts Pirandello`s play. Keywords: Jung, Anima, Animus, Wise Old Man, Pirandello

  1. Effects of ambient metals concentrations on the benthic macroinvertebrate community in the Animas River, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Covington, S.M.; Parkhurst, B.R. [Cadmus Group Inc., Laramie, WY (United States); Perino, L. [Sunnyside Gold Corp., Silverton, CO (United States)

    1995-12-31

    The Upper Animas River is located in southern Colorado at approximately 9500 feet above mean sea level near the town of Silverton in San Juan County. It drains several first and second order creeks and gulches, many of which are subject to water quality impacts from natural sources of metals and acid mine drainage and mine tailings from historical mining activity. When the State of Colorado proposed new designated uses with more stringent metal standards for the Upper Animas River, Sunnyside Gold Corp was concerned that these new proposed designated uses and their associated standards were unattainable primarily because of existing poor ambient water quality. Studies were designed to address this and other issues. This presentation focuses on ambient metal concentrations and their effect on macroinvertebrate density and composition. Aluminum, cadmium, copper, iron, manganese, and zinc were measured in the water column and in the precipitate on the gravel-cobble substrates at each location. Macroinvertebrate samples were also collected at these locations. The trends in benthic macroinvertebrate community composition in relationship to metal concentration and distribution will be discussed.

  2. 75 FR 60496 - Kern Valley Railroad Company-Termination of Trackage Rights-in Las Animas County, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-30

    ... milepost 0.0 and milepost 2.0 in Jansen, Las Animas County, Colo. (the line). The line traverses United States Postal Service Zip Code 81082 and includes no stations. The line, to KVR's knowledge, does not... set forth in Oregon Short Line Railroad--Abandonment Portion Goshen Branch Between Firth & Ammon,...

  3. La schiava del filosofo: sventure dell’anima e della giustizia. Apuleio, Platone, Sade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Stella

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I try to point out and to investigate the relationship between the narrative archetype of the chased maiden, starting from Apuleius’ literary codification of this motif in Cupid and Psyche’s myth, and the representation of justice/injustice in Plato’s (Republic and Sade’s (Justine, Juliette political philosophy. This inquiry leads us to the embarassing conclusion that political philosophy, in its theoretical and perpetual effort to reshape the concepts of justice and injustice, has never focused (or is it a case of voluntary obliteration? on the real matter of the whole question: the story and the rights of the innocent victim.Keywords: fanciulla, schiava, puttana, prigione, stupro, anima, giustizia, filosofo, libertino; maiden, slave, whore, prison, rape, soul, justice, philosopher, libertine.

  4. Some considerations concerning the alchemy of the De anima in arte alchemiae of pseudo-Avicenna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moureau, Sébastien

    2009-03-01

    This article explains some essential features of the alchemical doctrine of the De anima in arte alchemiae, a treatise written in Spain during the twelfth century (in Arabic, but only the Latin translation remains), and wrongly attributed to Avicenna. It shows that pseudo-Avicenna uses alchemical principles and elixir theory directly inspired by Jabirian texts, and classification of materials influenced by al-Razi. The alchemy of pseudo-Avicenna is entirely based on operations on the four elements: the alchemist has to reduce hair, blood or eggs to their elements, and isolate one of their essential properties (warmth, coldness, moisture and dryness), so that he can change the proportion of essential properties of the body he wants to transmute into gold or silver. The preparation made from hair, blood or eggs (the isolated property) is what he calls the elixir.

  5. Hipercinema : elementos para uma teoria formalista do cinema de animação hiperrealista

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Lucena Barbosa Júnior

    2012-01-01

    Resumo: A pesquisa almeja formular uma teoria estética para o cinema de animação hiperrealista. Após completar meio século de existência, a computação gráfica finalmente alcançou um estágio tecnológico no qual o artista dispõe de ferramentas poderosas e flexíveis o suficiente para enfim encarar o desafio de criar filmes com imagens realistas sintéticas absolutamente convincentes. Impõe-se, entretanto, a necessidade de fundamentação estética para fornecer o apoio artístico capaz de colaborar p...

  6. La schiava del filosofo: sventure dell’anima e della giustizia. Apuleio, Platone, Sade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Stella

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available

    In this paper I try to point out and to investigate the relationship between the narrative archetype of the chased maiden, starting from Apuleius’ literary codification of this motif in Cupid and Psyche’s myth, and the representation of justice/injustice in Plato’s (Republic and Sade’s (Justine, Juliette political philosophy. This inquiry leads us to the embarassing conclusion that political philosophy, in its theoretical and perpetual effort to reshape the concepts of justice and injustice, has never focused (or is it a case of voluntary obliteration? on the real matter of the whole question: the story and the rights of the innocent victim.

    Keywords: fanciulla, schiava, puttana, prigione, stupro, anima, giustizia, filosofo, libertino; maiden, slave, whore, prison, rape, soul, justice, philosopher, libertine.

  7. La Nobleza en la Ciudad: Arquitectura y Magnificencia a finales de la Edad Media Nobility and the city: architecture and Magnificentia at the end of the Middle Ages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña ALONSO RUIZ

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se ocupa de la relación entre la nobleza y el arte a finales de la Edad Media, un momento especialmente significativo por los cambios que se producirán en cada uno de estos factores. Por un lado, la nobleza sufre importantes transformaciones en formas e integrantes; por otro, el arte, ahora empleado como adecuado medio de propaganda. El tercer elemento del análisis es la ciudad, marco elegido por la nobleza para poner en práctica el uso de signos de distinción social, los nuevos modelos de exhibición pública, especialmente en el empleo de la arquitectura como vehículo de visualización del poder, centrándonos en lo ocurrido en las ciudades castellanas en el siglo XV (especialmente en Toledo y la familia Ayala, como inicio de un proceso que se consolidará en la Edad Moderna.This work analyses the relation between the nobility and the arts at the end of the Middle Ages, an especially significant period due to the changes occurring in each of these areas. on the one hand, the nobility experienced a profound transformation in its forms and membership; on the other, the arts began to be employed as a symbol of power and a means of propaganda. The third element of analysis is the city itself, as the showcase for the nobility to deploy the symbols of social distinction and new models of public display. This work focusses on the cities of Castile during the 15th century (especially Toledo and the Ayala family and the use of architecture as a useful vehicle for the visualisation of power, thus beginning a process to be consolidated during the Modern Era.

  8. 从俄国文学作品看俄国贵族家庭的结构与生活%Russian nobility's family life in imperial era:An investigation from Russian literature and family records of nobilities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王康名

    2016-01-01

    从彼得大帝改革到19世纪的农奴制改革,俄国社会的发展都不可避免地受到西欧文化的影响。尤其对于俄国社会中最容易接触西欧文化的俄国贵族来说,西欧思想更是深刻影响了他们的家庭秩序。传统上,很多人认为俄国的近代化历程是一个单纯接受西欧文化的过程,但在深入分析俄国贵族阶层的著名文学作品和家庭记录等一手材料中可以发现,俄国所特有的家庭模式仍然在19世纪具有相当强的影响力,并且存在相对于西欧家庭模式先进之处。因此可以看出,俄国近代家庭秩序的变迁并不是单方面地接受西欧文化的过程,而是在本土独有的家庭文化和西欧家庭文化互相交融的结果下,一同走上了殊途同归的道路。%Since reform of Peter the Great to ninteen century's slavery reform ,Russian society was inevitably infected by Western culture .For those nobilities ,the regulations of their family structure w ere also deeply influenced by Western culture . T raditionally , the transition of Russian society was a unilateral adoption of Western Europe culture .However ,based on the analysis of literatures and family records ,it is figured out that the traditional Russian family culture still has its position on Russian daily life .What is more ,compared to family order of Western Europe , Russian family order has its ow n advances (for instance , the inheritance rights of women) .Therefore ,it is obvious that the transition of Russian family structure on imperial Russia period was a by-directional culture exchange between Russia and Western Europe rather than a unilateral culture invasion from Western Europe .

  9. Desenvolvimento e utilização de animações em 3D no ensino de química

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Moreira Baptista

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: As animações deste trabalho foram desenvolvidas utilizando o software Blender®. Este software, de código aberto e gratuito, é atualmente um dos recursos computacionais mais avançados para modelagem e animação em 3D. As animações foram planejadas para serem usadas em sala de aula e, portanto, são desprovidas de narração e legenda. Os assuntos contemplados foram: Teoria do Orbital Atômico, distribuição eletrônica, hibridização, Teoria do Orbital Molecular, Teoria de Ligação de Valência,...

  10. Geology and geothermal waters of Lightning Dock region, Animas Valley and Pyramid Mountains, Hidalgo County, New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elston, W.E.; Deal, E.G.; Logsdon, M.J.

    1983-01-01

    This circular covers the geology of the Pyramid Peak, Swallow Fork Peak, Table Top Mountain, and South Pyramid Peak 7-1/2-min quadrangles, which include the Lightning Dock KGRA. Hot wells (70 to 115.5/sup 0/C) seem to be structurally controlled by intersections of the ring-fracture zone of an Oligocene ash-flow tuff cauldron (Muir cauldron), a Miocene-to-Holocene north-trending basin-and-range fault (Animas Valley fault), and a northeast-trending lineament that appears to control anomalously heated underground waters and Pliocene-Pleistocene basalt cones in the San Bernardino, San Simon, and Animas Valleys. The Muir cauldron, approximately 20 km in diameter, collapsed in two stages, each associated with the eruption of a rhyolite ash-flow-tuff sheet and of ring-fracture domes. Most of the hydrothermal alteration of the Lightning Dock KGRA is related to the first stage of eruption and collapse, not to the modern geothermal system. Contrary to previous reports, no silicic volcanic rocks younger than basin-and-range faulting are known; unconformities beneath rhyolite ring-fracture domes are caused by Oligocene caldera collapse, not by basin-and-range faulting. The Animas Valley is the site of widespread post-20 My travertine deposits and near-surface veins of calcite, fluorite, and/or psilomelane, controlled by north- or northwest-trending basin-and-range faults. The fluoride-bearing waters of the Lightning Dock KGRA may be a late stage of this hydrothermal activity. Distribution of Pliocene-Pleistocene basalt suggests that deep-seated basalt near the solids may be the ultimate heat source.

  11. Desenvolvimento de rigging e movimento para cães em Animação 3D

    OpenAIRE

    Pinheiro, Ricardo Miranda

    2015-01-01

    Esta dissertação tem como objetivo principal abordar, no âmbito do cinema de animação 3D, a elaboração de rigging e movimento para personagens caninos. Desta forma, o objeto de estudo foca-se em todas as etapas de desenvolvimento de personagens caninas, tendo como ponto de partida o estudo da anatomia óssea e muscular canina. Depois de analisada a anatomia, será necessário transferir esses conhecimentos para o ambiente 3D. O estudo da anatomia muscular irá permitir-nos iniciar o processo d...

  12. Geophysical, geochemical, mineralogical, and enivronmental data for rock samples collected in a mineralized volcanic environment, upper Animas River watershed, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCafferty, A.E.; Horton, R.J.; Stanton, M.R.; McDougal, R.R.; Fey, D.L.

    2011-01-01

    This report provides analyses of 90 rock samples collected in the upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colo., from 2001 to 2007. The samples are analyzed for geophysical, geochemical, mineralogical, and environmental rock properties of acid neutralizing capacity and net acid production. The database is derived from both published (n=68) and unpublished (n=32) data. New for all samples are geophysical measurements of electrical resistivity, density, and porosity. Rock samples were acquired from 12 geologic units that include key Tertiary volcanic and plutonic lithologies, all with varying degrees of alteration.

  13. Hydrostratigraphic Framework of the Raton, Vermejo, and Trinidad Aquifers in the Raton Basin, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Kenneth R.

    2006-01-01

    Exploration for and production of coalbed methane has increased substantially in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States since the 1990s. During 1999-2004, annual production of natural gas (coalbed methane) from the Raton Basin in Las Animas County, Colorado, increased from 28,129,515 to 80,224,130 thousand cubic feet, and the annual volume of ground water coproduced by coalbed methane wells increased from about 949 million gallons to about 2,879 million gallons. Better definition of the hydrostratigraphic framework of the Raton, Vermejo, and Trinidad aquifers in the Raton Basin of southern Colorado is needed to evaluate the long-term effects of coalbed methane development on the availability and sustainability of ground-water resources. In 2001, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Colorado Water Conservation Board, began a study to evaluate the hydrogeology of the Raton Basin in Huerfano and Las Animas Counties, Colorado. Geostatistical methods were used to map the altitude of and depths to the bottoms and tops (structure) and the apparent thicknesses of the Trinidad Sandstone, the Vermejo Formation, and the Raton Formation in Las Animas County, based on completion reports and drillers' logs from about 1,400 coalbed methane wells in the Raton Basin. There was not enough subsurface control to map the structural surfaces and apparent thicknesses of the aquifers in Huerfano County. Geostatistical methods also were used to map the regional water table in the northern part of Las Animas County, based on reported depth to water from completion reports of water-supply wells. Although these maps were developed to better define the hydrostratigraphic framework, they also can be used to determine the contributing aquifer(s) of existing water wells and to estimate drilling depths of proposed water wells. These maps of the hydrostratigraphic framework could be improved with the addition of measured sections and mapping of geologic contacts at outcrops

  14. Turismo e Animação Cultural no Espaço Urbano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Carlos Beni

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Em 1979, a Diretoria de Planejamento da Empresa Paulista de Turismo (Paulistur SA, coordenada por Mario Beni, incrementou uma política de animação em espaços públicos, na cidade de São Paulo. Houve, naquele momento, disponibilização de estruturas e de condições políticas que permitiram exercer com ineditismo algumas intervenções para satisfazer as necessidades de um aglomerado urbano como São Paulo, SP, em termos de educação, lazer e cultura. O presente estudo de caso objetiva resgatar tal experiência e seu legado para a cidade, registrando como as zonas de intervenção devem oferecer condições para a produção e o consumo da cultura e do turismo, de uma maneira geral, dando condições de desenvolvimento à economia simbólica.Tourism and Sociocultural animation in Urban Space - In 1979, the Diretoria de Planejamento da Empresa Paulista de Turismo (PAULISTUR SA, coordinated by Mario Beni, increased a policy of animation in public spaces in the city of São Paulo. At that time there was structures and political conditions that allowed an unprecedented exercise with urban interventions to meet the needs in terms of education, leisure and culture of an urban center such as São Paulo, SP. This case study aims to revive such experience and its legacy to the city, registering as urban interventions should provide conditions for the production and consumption of culture and tourism, in general, providing conditions for the development of symbolic economy.

  15. Cellulase Extraction Technology of Polysaccharide from Dendrobium Nobile%纤维素酶提取金钗石斛多糖工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓敏; 孙志蓉; 朱南南; 程丽丽; 杨春宁; 王晨

    2015-01-01

    ive:Objective:To optimize the parameters of the cellulose extraction of Polysaccharide from Dendrobi-um nobile .Mothods:Regard the extraction rate of polysaccharide as indexes,and use orthogonal experriments to determine the content of index in cellulose by UV Spectrophotometry.Then evaluate the merits of enzymatic parameters.Results:The optimized process conditions were solid-to-liquid ratio 1:50,pH 5.0,reflux time 170min,dosage of enzyme 4500U/g,enzymolysis temperature 55℃,and the Dendrobium nobile polysaccharide extraction rate was 7.71%,with 43.84% higher than conventional thermal reflow method.Conclusion:This method has advantages of simplicity,high extraction rate,which lays a foundation for the further study of Den-drobium nobile.It also has the potentially industrial application value in the extraction of effective ingredients of Chinese Medicine.%目的:对纤维素酶用于金钗石斛多糖提取工艺的酶解参数进行优选。方法:通过正交实验,以多糖提取率为指标,采用紫外分光光度法测定多糖含量,以此评价酶解工艺的优劣。结果:最佳酶解条件为:料液比1∶50,pH值5.0,提取时间170min,酶用量4500U/g,酶解温度55℃,此时金钗石斛多糖提取率为7.71%,比常规热回流提取方法高43.84%。结论:本方法装置简单,提取率高,为金钗石斛深入研究奠定基础,在中药有效成分的提取方面具有潜在的工业应用价值。

  16. Germinação assimbiótica e desenvolvimento de Dendrobium nobile Lindl. sob efeito de reguladores vegetais no tratamento pré-germinativo Asymbiotic germination and development of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. under the effect of plant growth regulators in pre-germinative treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.S. Soares

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a influência dos reguladores vegetais BAP e GA3 como tratamentos pré-germinativos no processo de germinação e desenvolvimento inicial de plântulas de Dendrobium nobile, espécie importante pelas propriedades farmacológicas como anti-oxidante, vasodilatadora e até mesmo anti-cancerígena, além do valor ornamental. Os tratamentos pré-germinativos consistiram de BAP e GA3, separadamente, nas concentrações de 0,0; 1,0; 2,0 e 5,0 mg L-1. Após seis meses da semeadura in vitro e manutenção em câmara de germinação e de crescimento com temperatura e foto-período controlados (12 horas e 23ºC ± 2, foram avaliados os parâmetros número de sementes germinadas, porcentagem de germinação, massa fresca e altura das plântulas, diâmetro e número de pseudobulbos, número de folhas, número de raízes, e o comprimento da maior raiz. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado. Todas as variáveis foram submetidas à análise de variância e de regressão, quando significativas. As sementes de D. nobile germinaram melhor na ausência de reguladores vegetais e os tratamentos com BAP ou GA3 na embebição das sementes pouco beneficiaram o desenvolvimento in vitro de D. nobile.The present study aimed to investigate the influence of plant growth regulators BAP and GA3 as pre-germinative treatment in the process of germination and initial development of seedlings of Dendrobium nobile, a species important for its pharmacological properties like antioxidant, vasodilator and even anticancer, besides its ornamental value. Pre-germinative treatments consisted of BAP and GA3, separately, at the concentrations of 0.0; 1.0; 2.0 and 5.0 mg L-1. At six months after in vitro sowing and maintenance in a germination and growth chamber with controlled temperature and photoperiod (12 hours and 23ºC ± 2, the following parameters were evaluated: number of germinated seeds, percentage of germination

  17. Analysis of the Transport and Fate of Metals Released From the Gold King Mine in the Animas and San Juan Rivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    This project’s objectives were to provide analysis of water quality following the release of acid mine drainage in the Animas and San Juan Rivers in a timely manner to 1) generate a comprehensive picture of the plume at the river system level, 2) help inform future monitoring eff...

  18. Design Centrado no Usuário e concepções pedagógicas como guia para o desenvolvimento da animação educacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia Maria Alves

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A produção de animações gráficas para o ensino fundamental tem proliferado devido às tecnologias de comunicação e à necessidade de novos recursos que auxiliem ao aprendizado. No entanto, muitas animações são apenas reproduções do material impresso, sem um uso adequado da tecnologia, sem uma adaptação para o aluno/usuário e não alinhadas às concepções pedagógicas atuais. Este artigo pretende buscar na literatura bases para um procedimento de elaboração de materiais didáticos (animações gráficas conectado às concepções construtivistas por meio da aplicação dos princípios do Design Centrado no Usuário (DCU. Para isso, os autores apresentam revisão bibliográfica, comparam os princípios das concepções construtivistas de Vygostky e do DCU, e indicam um possível processo de Design que pode auxiliar na confecção de animações gráficas mais engajadas nas linhas construtivistas e mais próximas dos alunos.

  19. Comparative analysis of bacterial decrease by Er:YAG laser radiation and by a tip mounted on a high-rotation device after remove of carious tissue in dentine: study 'in anima mobile'; Analise comparativa da reducao bacteriana com irradiacao do laser Er:YAG ou ponta montada em alta rotacao apos remocao de tecido cariado em dentina: estudo in anima nobile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blay, Claudia Campos

    2002-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze bacterial decrease after removal of carious tissue in dentine by Er:YAG laser, comparing the results with those achieved by using a tip mounted on a high-rotation device. In view of the difficulty of totally eliminating microorganisms from dentine, even after removing all the carious tissue, and since the presence of a smear layer is a proven fact, it would be extremely convenient to eliminate or to achieve better disinfecting of this notoriously contaminated dentine layer, so as to prevent failure of the restoration process in most cases. For this study, we selected 30 pre-molars and molars with caries rated as medium sized and which required restoration treatment. The teeth were divided in two groups, where 15 teeth received conventional treatment (control group - I) and 15 teeth were treated with Er:YAG laser (Kavo Key Laser) (laser group - II). Microbiologic analysis was used in order to determine presence or absence of bacteria. In group I as well as in group II a previous curettage of part of the dentine caries was performed, and the sample was seeded in an Agar culture medium and incubated at 37 deg C for 72 hours, for a quantitative analysis of bacteria colony forming units (c.f.u.) and qualitative bacterial analysis. After this procedure, carious lesions were removed in group I, using a spherical diamond drill mounted on a high rotation tip, followed by cleaning of the cavity with chlorhexidine digluconate at 2%. In group II, an Er:YAG laser emitting a wave length of 2,94 {mu}m, delivering a 250 mJ energy per pulse at a repetition rate of 2 Hz was used for carious tissue removal. Furthermore in group II (laser), the cavity was conditioned by performing a sweeping at all walls of the preparation with the 50/10 fiber (Kavo), in contact mode, using an energy of 60 mJ per pulse at a frequency of 10 Hz. After removing all caries and performing a cleaning operation in both groups, dentine shavings were collected and seeded in an Agar culture medium, and incubated at 37 deg C for 72 hours for a new microbiological analysis. The results obtained showed that the Er:YAG laser, within the used parameters, was efficient and effective in eliminating all remaining bacteria in a surface cavity preparation, as compared to conventional methods where bacterial growth was detected in 20% of the samples of dentine shavings. (author)

  20. Animação digital para apresentação da química no cotidiano

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Diogo Bacellar

    2014-01-01

    A grande presença das Tecnologias da Informação e da Comunição em nosso dia-a-dia nos impõe uma nova visão de mundo, integrada, tecnológica e acessível. O uso do computador pelas pessoas possui diversas funções e aplicabilidade. Viver nessa sociedade digital exige habilidades para que o processo da informatização possa ter proveitos no campo da educação, exigindo do professor o desenvolver de novas estratégias para utilização deste recurso. Nesse sentido questionamos se animações digitais sim...

  1. Descriptions of the Animas River-Cement Creek confluence and mixing zone near Silverton, Colorado, during the late summers of 1996 and 1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemel, Laurence E.; Cox, Marisa H.

    2005-01-01

    Acidic waters from Cement Creek discharge into the circum-neutral Animas River in a high-elevation region of the San Juan Mountains near Silverton, Colorado. Cement Creek is acidic and enriched in metals and sulfate because it is fed by discharges from abandoned mines and natural mineral deposits. Mixing with the Animas River raises the pH and produces precipitates of iron and aluminum (oxy)hydroxides, which in turn can adsorb other metals. This confluence was studied in 1996 and 1997 to better understand mixing and sorption processes which are common during the neutralization of acidic streams. The photographs in this report show flow braiding and other features that influenced the way the two streams mixed during the late summers of the two years. They also show 'banding' due to incomplete mixing and 'opalescence' due to chemical reactions and the formation of colloidal-size particles in the mixing zone.

  2. Ferricrete, manganocrete, and bog iron occurrences with selected sedge bogs and active iron bogs and springs in the upper Animas River watershed, San Juan County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, Douglas B.; Church, Stanley E.; Verplanck, Philip L.; Wirt, Laurie

    2003-01-01

    During 1996 to 2000, the Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, Environmental Protection Agency, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service, and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) developed a coordinated strategy to (1) study the environmental effects of historical mining on Federal lands, and (2) remediate contaminated sites that have the greatest impact on water quality and ecosystem health. This dataset provides information that contributes to these overall objectives and is part of the USGS Abandoned Mine Lands Initiative. Data presented here represent ferricrete occurrences and selected iron bogs and springs in the upper Animas River watershed in San Juan County near Silverton, Colorado. Ferricretes (stratified iron and manganese oxyhydroxide-cemented sedimentary deposits) are one indicator of the geochemical baseline conditions as well as the effect that weathering of mineralized rocks had on water quality in the Animas River watershed prior to mining. Logs and wood fragments preserved in several ferricretes in the upper Animas River watershed, collected primarily along streams, yield radiocarbon ages of modern to 9,580 years B.P. (P.L. Verplanck, D.B. Yager, and S.E. Church, work in progress). The presence of ferricrete deposits along the current stream courses indicates that climate and physiography of the Animas River watershed have been relatively constant throughout the Holocene and that weathering processes have been ongoing for thousands of years prior to historical mining activities. Thus, by knowing where ferricrete is preserved in the watershed today, land-management agencies have an indication of (1) where metal precipitation from weathering of altered rocks has occurred in the past, and (2) where this process is ongoing and may confound remediation efforts. These data are included as two coverages-a ferricrete coverage and a bogs and springs coverage. The coverages are included in ArcInfo shapefile and Arc

  3. Quantification and Simulation of Metal Loading to the Upper Animas River, Eureka to Silverton, San Juan County, Colorado, September 1997 and August 1998

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paschke, Suzanne S.; Kimball, Briant A.; Runkel, Robert L.

    2005-01-01

    Drainage from abandoned and inactive mines and from naturally mineralized areas in the San Juan Mountains of southern Colorado contributes metals to the upper Animas River near Silverton, Colorado. Tracer-injection studies and associated synoptic sampling were performed along two reaches of the upper Animas River to develop detailed profiles of stream discharge and to locate and quantify sources of metal loading. One tracer-injection study was performed in September 1997 on the Animas River reach from Howardsville to Silverton, and a second study was performed in August 1998 on the stream reach from Eureka to Howardsville. Drainage in the upper Animas River study reaches contributed aluminum, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, sulfate, and zinc to the surface-water system in 1997 and 1998. Colloidal aluminum, dissolved copper, and dissolved zinc were attenuated through a braided stream reach downstream from Eureka. Instream dissolved copper concentrations were lower than the State of Colorado acute and chronic toxicity standards downstream from the braided reach to Silverton. Dissolved iron load and concentrations increased downstream from Howardsville and Arrastra Gulch, and colloidal iron remained constant at low concentrations downstream from Howardsville. Instream sulfate concentrations were lower than the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's secondary drinking-water standard of 250 milligrams per liter throughout the two study reaches. Elevated zinc concentrations are the primary concern for aquatic life in the upper Animas River. In the 1998 Eureka to Howardsville study, instream dissolved zinc load increased downstream from the Forest Queen mine, the Kittimack tailings, and Howardsville. In the 1997 Howardsville to Silverton study, there were four primary areas where zinc load increased. First, was the increase downstream from Howardsville and abandoned mining sites downstream from the Cunningham Gulch confluence, which also was measured during

  4. Magnetic properties, acid neutralization capacity, and net acid production of rocks in the Animas River Watershed Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCafferty, Anne E.; Yager, Douglas B.; Horton, Radley M.; Diehl, Sharon F.

    2006-01-01

    Federal land managers along with local stakeholders in the Upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colorado are actively designing and implementing mine waste remediation projects to mitigate the effects of acid mine drainage from several abandoned hard rock metal mines and mills. Local source rocks with high acid neutralization capacity (ANC) within the watershed are of interest to land managers for use in these remediation projects. A suite of representative samples was collected from propylitic to weakly sericitic-altered volcanic and plutonic rocks exposed in outcrops throughout the watershed. Acid-base accounting laboratory methods coupled with mineralogic and geochemical characterization provide insight into lithologies that have a range of ANC and net acid production (NAP). Petrophysical lab determinations of magnetic susceptibility converted to estimates for percent magnetite show correlation with the environmental properties of ANC and NAP for many of the lithologies. A goal of our study is to interpret watershed-scale airborne magnetic data for regional mapping of rocks that have varying degrees of ANC and NAP. Results of our preliminary work are presented here.

  5. Ceremonial dress of the Achaemenid nobility of the VI– V centuries BC (according to findings from the fifth Pazyryk kurgan and synchronous iconic monuments of the Achaemenid time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsareva E.G.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article represents the results of study of a unique composite horse trapping and breast belt, found by expedition of S.I. Rudenko in the 5th Pazyryk kurgan (Mountain Altai, mid. 3rd century BC, and initially attributed as Iranian. The research has been aimed at definition the place and time of creation of three fragmented ornamented textiles, which decorated the trapping and the belt; as well as their original usage and way of coming to the Altai. To achieve the goal the author carefully studied the structures of items under research. The one with purple ground and “tower’s” pattern, which covers the ends of felt foundation of the trapping, is woven with wool and linen Z-spun threads, in warp sharing “kilim” technique, “dove tail” variant. The cloth is identified as Syrian, supposedly the time of reign of Darius I. Two other ones, with “lion procession” pattern (breast belt and “priestess and maidservant in front of an incense burner” (framing of panels was also made from wool and linen, although of different quality and S-spinning, in slit-kilim technique. Both are identified as Egyptian, and dated (most probably to the XXVII (Persian dynasty period. Comparison with representations of similar in decor textiles from synchronous in time monuments, and study of historic data on textile industry of the Achaemenid Empire made it possible to suggest, that “purple kilim” and “lion procession” belt made parts of ceremonial dress of Achaemenid nobility. The cloak could be brought to the Altai by one of the “Scythians”, who got it as a reward when served in the army of Alexander the Great during his Asian campaign.

  6. La influencia de la medicina árabe en la interpretación de avarroes al de anima de Aristóteles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farjeat, Luis Xavier López

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho apresento algumas contribuições de Averróis a respeito de problemas relativos à psicologia e à medicina. Minha intenção é estabelecer algumas relações entre os comentários ao De anima e os tratados de medicina. O itinerário é o seguinte: a Mostrarei que, tal como Aristóteles, Averróis concebe a alma como um conjunto de capacidades biológicas; b De anima é um tratado de biologia e, por isso, podemos encontrar nele algumas considerações que devem ser entendidas a partir de um ponto de vista médico, especialmente a partir da contribuição árabe para a anatomia. é necessário, pois, acentuar a importância dos nervos e do cérebro para compreender a estreita relação entre o De anima e o Livro de Medicina. Haveremos de constatar que Averróis não compreende a alma como um 'principio espiritual', como semelhante a algo gerado, que torna possível diversas funções biológicas, desde a vegetativa e a sensitiva, até a intelectual. Assim, Averróis nega a concepção neoplatônica da alma como algo separado do corpo. Averróis explica que a alma é e concretização do processo biológico chamado 'vida'

  7. Genesis 3 - Plate forme pour la création musicale à l'aide des modèles physiques CORDIS-ANIMA

    OpenAIRE

    Castagné, Nicolas; Cadoz, Claude

    2009-01-01

    Session: " Plates-formes pour la diffusion et pour la création "; National audience; GENESIS3 est une toute nouvelle version de l'environnement GENESIS pour la création musicale à l'aide les modèles physiques masse-interaction CORDIS-ANIMA. Elle a été conçue avec un recul de plus de dix années sur l'ancienne version et ses utilisations. Nous profitons de la sortie de GENESIS3 pour présenter une analyse du " paradigme logiciel " porté par GENESIS, en particulier en ce qui concerne les fonction...

  8. Multiple applications of the U.S. EPA 1312 leach procedure to mine waste from the animas watershed, SW Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fey, D.L.; Church, S.E.; Driscoll, R.L.; Adams, M.G.

    2011-01-01

    Eleven acid-sulphate and quartz-sericite-pyrite altered mine waste samples from the Animas River watershed in SW Colorado were subjected to a series of 5 to 6 successive leaches using the US EPA 1312 leach protocol to evaluate the transport of metals and loss of acidity from mine wastes as a function of time. Multi-acid digestion ICP-AES analyses, X-ray diffraction (XRD) mineral identification, total sulphur, and net acid potential (NAP) determinations were performed on the initial starting materials. Multiple leaching steps generally showed a 'flushing' effect, whereby elements loosely bound, presumably as water-soluble salts, were removed. Aluminum, Cd, Fe, Mg, Mn, Sr, Zn, and S showed decreasing concentration trends, whereas Cu concentrations showed initially decreasing trends, followed by increasing trends in later steps. Concentrations of Zn in the first leach step were independent of whole-sample Zn content. Lead and Ba concentrations consistently increased with each step, indicating that anglesite (PbSO4) and barite (BaSO4), respectively, were dissolving in successive leach steps. Comparison of Fe content with NAP resulted in a modest correlation. However, using the S analyses and XRD identification of sulphide minerals to apportion S amongst enargite, barite, anglesite/galena, and sphalerite, and assigning the remaining S to pyrite, provided a useful correlation between estimated pyrite content and NAP. Whole-sample mass loss correlated well with NAP, but individual elements' behaviors varied between positive correlation (e.g. Al, Fe, Mg), no apparent correlation (Ca, Cd, Pb, Zn), and negative correlation (Cu). Comparison of the summed titrated acidities of the leachates with the whole-sample NAP values yielded an estimate of the fraction of NAP consumed, and led to an estimate of the time it would take to consume the sample acidity by weathering. We estimate, on the basis of these experiments, the acidity in the upper 30 cm would be consumed in 200

  9. Multiple applications of the U.S. EPA 1312 leach procedure to mine waste from the Animas watershed, SW Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fey, David L.; Church, Stanley E.; Driscoll, Rhonda L.; Adams, Monique G.

    2011-01-01

    Eleven acid-sulphate and quartz-sericite-pyrite altered mine waste samples from the Animas River watershed in SW Colorado were subjected to a series of 5 to 6 successive leaches using the US EPA 1312 leach protocol to evaluate the transport of metals and loss of acidity from mine wastes as a function of time. Multi-acid digestion ICP-AES analyses, X-ray diffraction (XRD) mineral identification, total sulphur, and net acid potential (NAP) determinations were performed on the initial starting materials. Multiple leaching steps generally showed a 'flushing' effect, whereby elements loosely bound, presumably as water-soluble salts, were removed. Aluminum, Cd, Fe, Mg, Mn, Sr, Zn, and S showed decreasing concentration trends, whereas Cu concentrations showed initially decreasing trends, followed by increasing trends in later steps. Concentrations of Zn in the first leach step were independent of whole-sample Zn content. Lead and Ba concentrations consistently increased with each step, indicating that anglesite (PbSO4) and barite (BaSO4), respectively, were dissolving in successive leach steps. Comparison of Fe content with NAP resulted in a modest correlation. However, using the S analyses and XRD identification of sulphide minerals to apportion S amongst enargite, barite, anglesite/galena, and sphalerite, and assigning the remaining S to pyrite, provided a useful correlation between estimated pyrite content and NAP. Whole-sample mass loss correlated well with NAP, but individual elements' behaviors varied between positive correlation (e.g. Al, Fe, Mg), no apparent correlation (Ca, Cd, Pb, Zn), and negative correlation (Cu). Comparison of the summed titrated acidities of the leachates with the whole-sample NAP values yielded an estimate of the fraction of NAP consumed, and led to an estimate of the time it would take to consume the sample acidity by weathering. We estimate, on the basis of these experiments, the acidity in the upper 30 cm would be consumed in 200–1000

  10. Application of Field Ionization Technology in Analysis for Chamaemelum nobile by GC-TOF-MS%场电离技术在果香菊GC-TOF-MS联用分析中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李忠; 黄静; 芦燕玲; 冯文; 郭生云

    2013-01-01

    In order to discuss the applicability of field ionization technology in analysis field, volatile compositions of aromatic plants-Chamaemelum nobile(L.)A11 were taken as the object of the research. Volatile compounds of Chamaemelum nobile(L.)A11 extracted by microwave was analyzed by GC-EI-TOF MS combined with GOFI-TOF MS. Twelve volatile contituents are isolated by chromatograph and identified using El ionization model from Chamaemelum nobile(L.) All. Eleven contituents are verified by using FI ionization model, in addition, the advantages and disadvantages of field ionization are discussed. GC-FI-TOF HRMS has certain applicability in qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis on the research for volatile compounds of aromatic plants, which can replenish the compounds information obtained by GC-EI-TOF MS.%为了探讨场电离技术在质谱分析中应用的适用性,以芳香性植物果香菊的挥发性成分为研究对象,采用微波萃取法对果香菊的挥发性成分进行提取,利用GC-EI-TOF-MS结合GC-FI-TOF-MS技术对果香菊挥发性成分进行分析研究.果香菊的乙醇溶剂提取物经色谱进样分离,用EI电离模式鉴定了12种挥发性化合物,用FI电离模式验证了11种化合物.结果表明,场电离技术作为一种辅助手段应用于挥发性成分定性定量分析领域具有一定的适用性,该方法能补充GC-EI-TOF MS联用技术中的定性化合物信息.

  11. Plano de negócio : empresa no setor da restauração e animação

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Mestrado em Ciências Empresariais O presente trabalho vem no seguimento do Trabalho Final de Mestrado do curso de Ciências Empresariais do ISEG. O seu principal objetivo é a elaboração de um plano de negócios no setor da restauração e animação, e a avaliação do mesmo a nível técnico, económico e financeiro. Numa primeira fase, foi efetuada uma análise contextual à envolvente onde a empresa proposta se insere e, em seguida, analisado o setor onde esta se inclui. Posteriormente, realizou...

  12. Alteration Map Showing Major Faults and Veins and Associated Water-Quality Signatures of the Animas River Watershed Headwaters Near Silverton, Southwest Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bove, Dana J.; Yager, Douglas B.; Mast, M. Alisa; Dalton, J. Brad

    2007-01-01

    This map was produced to provide hard-copy and digital data for alteration assemblages in the historical mining area centered on the Tertiary San Juan and Silverton calderas. The data have direct application to geoenvironmental and mineral exploration objectives. This dataset represents alteration mapping for the upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colorado. The map is based on detailed 1:12,000-scale field mapping, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, mineral mapping by remote sensing (AVIRIS) data, and 1:24,000-scale aerial photographic interpretation. Geologic structures were compiled and generalized from multiple published and unpublished sources (Burbank and Luedke, 1964; Steven and others, 1974; Luedke and Burbank 1975a, b; Lipman, 1976; Luedke and Burbank, 1987; Luedke, 1996) (see Index Map). Unpublished mapping of the Ironton quadrangle by D.J. Bove and J.P. Kurtz in 1997-1999 was included.

  13. Nobleza territorial y política ciudadana en el siglo XV (los concejos del área del Tajo = Territorial Nobility and Council Politics in the Fifteenth Century: the Town Councils of the Tagus River Basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Sánchez Benito

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En el estudio de las ciudades medievales no es raro que la nobleza territorial quede relativamente en penumbra, llegando incluso a entenderla ajena al sistema urbano. Sin embargo, una mirada simplemente superficial descubre con facilidad que su presencia en la vida ciudadana era muy considerable y así se ha destacado ya en varias investigaciones. Además, es tan grande la complejidad que presenta el influjo de los nobles en la misma que parece oportuno profundizar en los distintos papeles que efectivamente desempeñan y, al mismo tiempo, recapitular la problemática desde una perspectiva comparativa. Así pues, para alcanzar tales objetivos, recurriremos a la observación de los núcleos situados en el centro del reino castellano, a lo largo del río Tajo.In research concerning medieval towns, it is not unusual for the territorial nobility to be neglected as a political player, even to the point of being considered an outsider to the urban system. However, even a quick view will easily reveal its considerable presence in municipal life, as previously demonstrated in various studies. Furthermore, the complex nature of the presence of the nobility is so great that it becomes essential to delve into the different roles they played, as well as review the issue from a comparative standpoint. Hence, in order to accomplish this task we will focus on the analysis of various town councils in the heart of the Kingdom of Castile along the Tagus river basin

  14. O aprendiz de feiticeiro: Walt Disney e a experiência norte-americana nodesenvolvimento da expressão cinematográfica docinema de animação

    OpenAIRE

    Wander Lucio Araujo Quintao

    2007-01-01

    Analisa a contribuição de Walt Disney e de seus colaboradores no desenvolvimento da expressão cinematográfica do cinema de animação, a partir da elaboração do panorama histórico, técnico e estético do filme animado. O período estudado abrange o início do século XX, na Europa, até o final da década de 1930, nos Estados Unidos da América, desde o surgimento das técnicas rudimentares de animação, com os seus descobridores e principais divulgadores, até os curtas-metragens animados pelos estúdios...

  15. Isolation and Identification of Endophytic Fungi in the Root, Stem and Leaves of Dendrobium nobile Lindl%金钗石斛菌根、茎和叶内生真菌的分离与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎勇; 罗培凤; 朱丹丽; 齐泽民

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To isolate and identify the endophytic fungi in different tissues of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. , so as to provide experimental basis for its plants survival rate. [ Method] The endophytic fungi was isolated from the root, stem and leaves of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. on the improved PDA-antiobiotic acidic medium, and the isolated strains were purified by the slicing method, and their colony morphology was observed. [ Result ] Through the observation of colony morphology, the six endophytic fungi were identified as NJJG-1, NJJG-2, NJJR-1, NJJR-2, NJJR-3, NJYJ-1, respectively. The experimental results indicated that the purification results and diversity of endophytic fungi were directly influenced by the surface disinfection conditions and methods of materials and the screening of separating medium. The treatment effect of 75% alcohol for 30 seconds plus 0.1% mercuric chloride for 7 minutes was stable, and more species of endophytic fungi were isolated combined with the improved PDA-antiobiotic acidic medium. [ Conclusion] The study provided a guidance for the isolation and identification of endophytic fungi in different tissues of Dendrobium nobile Lindl. , arid provided experimental basis for the survival rate of its field plants.%[目的]分离鉴定铁皮石斛不同组织内生真菌,以期为提高其组培苗的大田定植成活率提供试验依据.[方法]以改良PDA -抗生素酸性培养基为基础分离培养基,分别从金钗石斛菌根、茎和叶中分离内生真菌,利用切片法对分离得到的菌株进行纯化,并观察其菌落形态.[结果]通过菌落形态观察,初步鉴定所纯化的6个内生菌株分别为:NJJG-1,NJJG-2,NJJR-1,NJJR-2,NJJR-3和NJYJ-1.试验结果表明材料表面消毒条件和方法以及分离培养基的选用,均直接影响真菌的分离纯化效果和分离得到的内生菌的多样性,其中以75%酒精处理30 s,再用0.1%升汞处理7 min的表面消毒效

  16. On the Time of the Intellect: The Interpretation of De Anima 3.6 (43ob 7-20) in Renaissance and Early Modern Italian Philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubouclez, Olivier

    2015-01-01

    This article argues that an original debate over the relationship between time and the intellect took place in Northern Italy in the second half of the sixteenth century, which was part of a broader reflection on the temporality of human mental acts. While human intellectual activity was said to be 'above time' during the Middle Ages, Renaissance scholars such as Marcantonio Genua (1491-1563), Giulio Castellani (1528-1586), Antonio Montecatini (1537-1599) and Francesco Piccolomini (1520-1604), greatly influenced by the Simplician and Alexandrist interpretations of Aristotle's works, proposed alterna- tive conceptions based on the interpretation of De anima 3.6 (430b 7-20) according to which intellectual acts happen in a both 'undivided' and 'divisible time'. In order to explain Aristotle's puzzling claim, they were led to conceive of intellectual activity as a process similar to sensation, corresponding to a certain lapse of time (Castellani), an instant (Montecatini), or a mix of instantaneousness and concrete duration (Piccolomini), depending on their theoretical options.

  17. Potências animadas do traço: fixidez e animação da caricatura no humor gráfico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamim Picado

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende examinar certos aspectos das relações entre o desenho e a representação de ações, a partir de um exame sobre tirinhas diárias. Estamos especialmente preocupados com a complementaridade entre os traços estilísticos da caricatura e a questão da compreensão sobre a animação potencial de sua apresentação plástica. Trabalhada a partir do sentido de mudança e de expressividade de seus motivos, a representação fisionômica na caricatura cumpre funções preparatórias para os regimes de significação narrativa na arte sequencial. Numa tal perspectiva, a morfologia dos caracteres do humor gráfico seria mais bem explanada se sua graça cômica fosse considerada como parte do problema geral de um estilo “lacunar” ou “expressivo” da caricatura.

  18. Medical topics in the De anima commentary of Coimbra (1598) and the Jesuits' attitude towards medicine in education and natural philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, Christoph

    2014-01-01

    Early-modern Jesuit universities did not offer studies in medicine, and from 1586 onwards, the Jesuit Ratio studiorum prohibited digressions on medical topics in the Aristotelian curriculum. However, some sixteenth-century Jesuit text books used in philosophy classes provided detailed accounts on physiological issues such as sense perception and its organic location as discussed in Aristotle's De anima II, 7-11. This seeming contradiction needs to be explained. In this paper, I focus on the interst in medical topics manifested in a commentary by the Jesuits of Coimbra. Admittedly, the Coimbra commentary constituted an exception, as the Jesuit college that produced it was integrated in a royal university which had a strong interest in educating physicians. It will be claimed that the exclusion of medicine at Jesuit universities and colleges had its origin in rather incidental events in the course of the foundation of the first Jesuit university in Sicily. There, the lay professors of law and medicine intended to avoid subordination to the Jesuits and thereby provoked a conflict which finally led the Jesuit administration to refrain from including faculties of medicine and law in Jesuit universities. Towards the end of the sixteenth century, a veritable Jesuit animosity towards medicine emerged for philosophical and pedagogical reasons. This development reflects educational concerns within the Society as well as the role of commentaries on Aristotle for early-modern learning.

  19. Comunicação de marketing online – avaliação dos websites de empresas de animação turística em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael, Célia Maria da Conceição Salmim; Ferraz, Francisco António Vaz Guedes Delgado

    2012-01-01

    Comunicação apresentada na ICTR – Conferência Internacional de Animação Turística - International Conference on Tourism Recreation, ESTM, Peniche, 2012. A necessidade de interação das organizações empresariais com os seus stakeholders no desenvolvimento de estratégias aplicadas ao negócio, leva a uma procura de processos inovadores de comunicação com recurso às Novas Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação (NTIC). O uso massificado e a popularização da Internet, permite a utiliza...

  20. Heroínas - da submissão à ação: uma análise junguiana de personagens em filme de animação

    OpenAIRE

    Bilotta, Fernanda Aprile

    2010-01-01

    Esta dissertação tem como objetivo analisar a trajetória de algumas heroínas dos filmes infantis de animação produzidos pelos estúdios Walt Disney Pictures e Dreamworks Pictures no período de 1937 a 2007. Busca-se, portanto, identificar quais são os comportamentos e temas propagados pelas protagonistas dos filmes: Branca de Neve e os Sete Anões (Walt Disney Pictures, 1937) Cinderela (Walt Disney Pictures, 1950), A Bela Adormecida (Walt Disney Pictures, 1959), A Pequena Sereia (Walt Disney Pic...

  1. Radionuclide Data and Calculations and Loss-On-Ignition, X-Ray Fluorescence, and ICP-AES Data from Cores in Catchments of the Animas River, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Church, Stanley E.; Rice, Cyndi A.; Marot, Marci E.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Interior Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) Initiative is focused on the evaluation of the effect of past mining practices on the water quality and the riparian and aquatic habitats of impacted stream reaches downstream from historical mining districts located primarily on Federal lands. This problem is manifest in the eleven western states (west of longitude 102 degrees) where the majority of hardrock mines that had past production are located on Federal lands. In areas of temperate climate and moderate to heavy precipitation, the effects of rapid chemical and physical weathering of sulfides exposed on mine-waste dumps and acidic drainage from mines have resulted in elevated metal concentrations in the stream water and stream-bed sediment. The result of these mineral weathering processes has an unquantified impact on the quality of the water and the aquatic and riparian habitats that may limit their recreational resource value. One of the confounding factors in these studies is the determination of the component of metals derived from hydrothermally altered but unmined portions of these drainage basins. Several watersheds have been studied to evaluate the effects of acid mine drainage and acid rock drainage on the near-surface environment. The Animas River watershed in southwestern Colorado contains a large number of past-producing metal mines that have affected the watershed. Beginning in October 1996, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began a collaborative study of these effects under the USGS-AML Initiative. In this report, we present the radionuclide and geochemical analytical results of sediment coring during 1997-1999 from two cores from oxbow lakes 0.5 mi. upstream from the 32nd Street Bridge near Durango, Colo., and from three cores from beaver ponds within the Mineral Creek drainage basin near Silverton, Colo.

  2. In Planta Transformation of Dendrobium nobile by Ovary-Injection of Agrobacterium%农杆菌子房注射法对金钗石斛的活体转化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘其府; 董会; 曾宋君; 陈之林; 吴坤林; 张建霞; 段俊

    2013-01-01

    Dendrobium nobile was transformed by ovary-injection of Agrobacterium.After artificial pollination in 10,20,30,40,45,50 and 60 d,EHA105 (pCAMBIA1301) harboring both β-glucuronidase gene (GUS) and hpt was injected into the ovary.The seeds of split fruit of D.nobile were cultured on the N16 culture medium by aseptic processing and detected by GUS expression.Forty-five days after cultured,the protocorms were diverted to N16 medium with hygromycin to gain hygromycin-resistance protocorms,then four randomly selected hygromycin-resistance protocorms were detected by PCR analysis.The study showed that ovary-injection of agrobacterium had harmful effects on the fruit development and seed formation.Ovary-injection of agrobacterium after artificial pollination 45 d had the highest efficiency,18% seeds from the injected position showing GUS expression.Eleven hygromycin-resistant plants were gained in this study,and four randomly selected hygromycin-resistant plants were detected by PCR analysis and all of them were positive.The results showed that ovary-injection of agrobacterium transformation had advantages in genetic transformation of orchids.%对金钗石斛Dendrobium nobile进行人工自花授粉,在授粉之后10、20、30、40、45、50和60d分别将工程化根癌农杆菌Agrobacterium tumefaciens EHA105(pCAMBIA1301)直接注射入子房内部.150 d后,金钗石斛蒴果成熟,摘取果实,进行种子β-葡萄糖苷酸酶(GUS)染色、无菌播种、潮霉素筛选以及PCR检测试验.结果表明:子房注射对果实发育具有较大影响,在授粉后10 ~30 d进行子房注射后,果实脱落;在授粉后45 d进行子房注射,成熟果实注射部位的种子GUS染色率最高,可达18%;无菌播种之后,经潮霉素筛选,获得11株幼苗,每株植株均表现出GUS染色反应;随机挑选4株幼苗进行PCR检测,发现均能扩增出预期条带,说明外源基因已经整合到植株基因组内.农杆菌子房注射法在兰科植物转

  3. Effect of Dendrobium Nobile Lindl Decoction on Expression of PPARγin Diabetic Nephropathy Rat Kidney%金钗石斛水煎剂对糖尿病肾病大鼠肾脏PPARγ表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘园园; 张艳磊; 何晓然; 李小琼; 唐彦萍

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过观察金钗石斛水煎剂对糖尿病肾病( DN )大鼠肾皮质过氧化物酶体增殖物激活受体γ( PPARγ)表达的影响,探讨其对DN的保护作用及相关机制。方法将60只健康 SD 大鼠随机分为6组,每组10只:正常对照组( NC组),模型对照组( DN组),罗格列酮组( RGZ组),金钗石斛小剂量( LD)、中剂量( MD)、大剂量( HD)干预组。在大鼠糖尿病造模成功后各组分别给药12周,观察大鼠肾脏病理、Real_time PCR法检测大鼠肾皮质PPARγ mRNA表达、Western blot法检测大鼠肾皮质中PPARγ蛋白表达的情况。结果金钗石斛水煎剂能明显改善糖尿病大鼠肾脏基底膜增厚及足突增粗融合;增加DN大鼠肾皮质中PPARγ mRNA及蛋白的表达(P<0.05或P<0.01)。结论金钗石斛水煎剂可以减轻DN大鼠的肾损伤,其机制可能与上调DN大鼠肾皮质中PPARγ表达有关。%Objective To exPlore the ProtectiVe mechanism of Dendrobium nobile lindl ( DNL ) decoction on the exPression of Peroxisome Proliferator actiVated recePtor gamma ( PPARγ) in the renal cortex of diabetic nePhroPathy ( DN) rats. Methods Sixty SD rats were randomly diVided into six grouPs (n=10 Per grouP) as follows: normal control grouP (NC), diabetic nePhroPathy control grouP ( DN) ,rosiglitazone grouP ( RGZ) ,the Dendrobium nobile lindl low ( LD) ,medium ( MD) and high ( HD) dose grouPs. After DN rat model was established, the rats were administrated with resPectiVe medications for 12 weeks,resPectiVely. The renal Pathology of rats was obserVed. The mRNA and Protein exPression of PPARγ in the renal cortex were detected via Real_time PCR and Western blotting,resPectiVely. Results High dose DNL decoction significantly alleViated thickening of kidney tissue basement membrane and fusion of foot Process in model rats. The leVels of PPARγmRNA and Protein exPression in the MD and HD grouPs were significantly increased as comPared with the DN grouP (P<0. 05,P<0

  4. Formation of mixed Al-Fe colloidal sorbent and dissolved-colloidal partitioning of Cu and Zn in the Cement Creek - Animas River Confluence, Silverton, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schemel, Laurence E. [US Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, 345 Middlefield Road, MS 439, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)]. E-mail: lschemel@usgs.gov; Kimball, Briant A. [US Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, 2329 Orton Circle, Salt Lake City, UT 84119-2047 (United States); Runkel, Robert L. [US Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Denver Federal Center, MS 415, Lakewood, CO 80225 (United States); Cox, Marisa H. [US Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, 345 Middlefield Road, MS 439, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)

    2007-07-15

    Transport and chemical transformations of dissolved and colloidal Al, Fe, Cu and Zn were studied by detailed sampling in the mixing zone downstream from the confluence of Cement Creek (pH 4.1) with the Animas River (pH 7.6). Complete mixing resulted in circumneutral pH in the downstream reach of the 1300 m study area. All four metals were transported through this mixing zone without significant losses to the streambed, and they exhibited transformations from dissolved to colloidal forms to varying degrees during the mixing process. Nearly all of the Al formed colloidal hydrous Al oxides (HAO) as pH increased (4.8-6.5), whereas colloidal hydrous Fe oxides (HFO) were supplied by Cement Creek as well as formed in the mixing zone primarily at higher pH (>6.5). The short travel time through the mixing zone (approx. 40 min) and pH limited the formation of HFO from dissolved Fe{sup 2+} supplied by Cement Creek. Although the proportions of HAO and HFO varied as the streams mixed, the colloidal sorbent typically was enriched in HAO relative to HFO by a factor of 1.5-2.1 (by mole) in the pH range where dissolved-to-colloidal partitioning of Cu and Zn was observed. Model simulations of sorption by HFO (alone) greatly underestimated the dissolved-to-colloidal partitioning of Zn. Previous studies have shown that HAO-HFO mixtures can sorb greater amounts of Zn than HFO alone, but the high Zn-to-sorbent ratio in this mixing zone could also account for greater partitioning. In contrast to Zn, comparisons with model simulations did not show that Cu sorption was greater than that for HFO alone, and also indicated that sorption was possibly less than what would be expected for a non-interactive mixture of these two sorbents. These field results for Cu, however, might be influenced by (organic) complexation or other factors in this natural system. Laboratory mixing experiments using natural source waters (upstream of the confluence) showed that the presence of HFO in the mixed sorbent

  5. Formation of mixed Al-Fe colloidal sorbent and dissolved-colloidal partitioning of Cu and Zn in the Cement Creek - Animas River Confluence, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemel, L.E.; Kimball, B.A.; Runkel, R.L.; Cox, M.H.

    2007-01-01

    Transport and chemical transformations of dissolved and colloidal Al, Fe, Cu and Zn were studied by detailed sampling in the mixing zone downstream from the confluence of Cement Creek (pH 4.1) with the Animas River (pH 7.6). Complete mixing resulted in circumneutral pH in the downstream reach of the 1300 m study area. All four metals were transported through this mixing zone without significant losses to the streambed, and they exhibited transformations from dissolved to colloidal forms to varying degrees during the mixing process. Nearly all of the Al formed colloidal hydrous Al oxides (HAO) as pH increased (4.8-6.5), whereas colloidal hydrous Fe oxides (HFO) were supplied by Cement Creek as well as formed in the mixing zone primarily at higher pH (>6.5). The short travel time through the mixing zone (approx. 40 min) and pH limited the formation of HFO from dissolved Fe2+ supplied by Cement Creek. Although the proportions of HAO and HFO varied as the streams mixed, the colloidal sorbent typically was enriched in HAO relative to HFO by a factor of 1.5-2.1 (by mole) in the pH range where dissolved-to-colloidal partitioning of Cu and Zn was observed. Model simulations of sorption by HFO (alone) greatly underestimated the dissolved-to-colloidal partitioning of Zn. Previous studies have shown that HAO-HFO mixtures can sorb greater amounts of Zn than HFO alone, but the high Zn-to-sorbent ratio in this mixing zone could also account for greater partitioning. In contrast to Zn, comparisons with model simulations did not show that Cu sorption was greater than that for HFO alone, and also indicated that sorption was possibly less than what would be expected for a non-interactive mixture of these two sorbents. These field results for Cu, however, might be influenced by (organic) complexation or other factors in this natural system. Laboratory mixing experiments using natural source waters (upstream of the confluence) showed that the presence of HFO in the mixed sorbent

  6. An Archetypal Interpretation on Ophelia-Hamlet's Anima%原形分析对奥菲利亚的解读——"哈姆雷特的阿尼玛"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于雯

    2008-01-01

    This paper contends that in Hamlet's character, there's a distinctive trait of feminity displayed through his delay of revenge, melancholy, and irresolution, while Ophelia on the other hand who is an embodiment of feminity and has no definite identity of herself serves as the anima of Hamlet. From the perspective of Carl June's Anima Theory, the pa-per applies textual analysis to illustrate that Ophelia like Hamlet who also suffers from the death of a father and madness plays a juxtaposing role with Hamlet and it suggests that Ophelia projects the feminine image in Hamlet's character. There-fore, the final death of Ophelia implies the destruction of Hamlet's feminine side, which enables him to completely resume his masculinity, and take action against his enemies.%本文认为哈姆雷特的忧郁、优柔寡断,以及缺乏行动的果断力是他女性气质的体现.根据荣格的原形分析理论中的阿尼玛理论可得出与哈姆雷特相恋,并同样遭遇丧父以及疯癌的奥菲利亚与哈姆雷特形成并置.这一充满女性象征意义的形象是哈姆雷特女性气质的投射,即哈姆雷特个性中的阿尼玛.因此,奥菲利亚之死即象征着哈姆雷特个性中女性气质的消亡,从而使其得以恢复男性的阳刚之气成功复仇.

  7. New geochronologic and stratigraphic evidence confirms the paleocene age of the dinosaur-bearing ojo alamo sandstone and animas formation in the San Juan Basin, New Mexico and Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fassett, J.E.

    2009-01-01

    Dinosaur fossils are present in the Paleocene Ojo Alamo Sandstone and Animas Formation in the San Juan Basin, New Mexico, and Colorado. Evidence for the Paleo-cene age of the Ojo Alamo Sandstone includes palynologic and paleomagnetic data. Palynologic data indicate that the entire Ojo Alamo Sandstone, including the lower dinosaur-bearing part, is Paleocene in age. All of the palynomorph-productive rock samples collected from the Ojo Alamo Sandstone at multiple localities lacked Creta-ceous index palynomorphs (except for rare, reworked specimens) and produced Paleocene index palynomorphs. Paleocene palynomorphs have been identified strati-graphically below dinosaur fossils at two separate localities in the Ojo Alamo Sand-stone in the central and southern parts of the basin. The Animas Formation in the Colorado part of the basin also contains dinosaur fossils, and its Paleocene age has been established based on fossil leaves and palynology. Magnetostratigraphy provides independent evidence for the Paleocene age of the Ojo Alamo Sandstone and its dinosaur-bearing beds. Normal-polarity magnetochron C29n (early Paleocene) has been identified in the Ojo Alamo Sandstone at six localities in the southern part of the San Juan Basin. An assemblage of 34 skeletal elements from a single hadrosaur, found in the Ojo Alamo Sandstone in the southern San Juan Basin, provided conclusive evidence that this assemblage could not have been reworked from underlying Cretaceous strata. In addition, geochemical studies of 15 vertebrate bones from the Paleocene Ojo Alamo Sandstone and 15 bone samples from the underlying Kirtland Formation of Late Creta-ceous (Campanian) age show that each sample suite contained distinctly different abundances of uranium and rare-earth elements, indicating that the bones were miner-alized in place soon after burial, and that none of the Paleocene dinosaur bones ana-lyzed had been reworked. ?? U.S. Geological Survey, Public Domain April 2009.

  8. Acid neutralizing capacity and leachate results for igneous rocks, with associated carbon contents of derived soils, Animas River AML site, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, Douglas B.; Stanton, Mark R.; Choate, LaDonna M.; Burchell,

    2009-01-01

    Mine planning efforts have historically overlooked the possible acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) that local igneous rocks can provide to help neutralize acidmine drainage. As a result, limestone has been traditionally hauled to mine sites for use in neutralizing acid drainage. Local igneous rocks, when used as part of mine life-cycle planning and acid mitigation strategy, may reduce the need to transport limestone to mine sites because these rocks can contain acid neutralizing minerals. Igneous hydrothermal events often introduce moderately altered mineral assemblages peripheral to more intensely altered rocks that host metal-bearing veins and ore bodies. These less altered rocks can contain ANC minerals (calcite-chlorite-epidote) and are referred to as a propylitic assemblage. In addition, the carbon contents of soils in areas of new mining or those areas undergoing restoration have been historically unknown. Soil organic carbon is an important constituent to characterize as a soil recovery benchmark that can be referred to during mine cycle planning and restoration. This study addresses the mineralogy, ANC, and leachate chemistry of propylitic volcanic rocks that host polymetallic mineralization in the Animas River watershed near the historical Silverton, Colorado, mining area. Acid titration tests on volcanic rocks containing calcite (2 – 20 wt %) and chlorite (6 – 25 wt %), have ANC ranging from 4 – 146 kg/ton CaCO3 equivalence. Results from a 6-month duration, kinetic reaction vessel test containing layered pyritic mine waste and underlying ANC volcanic rock (saturated with deionized water) indicate that acid generating mine waste (pH 2.4) has not overwhelmed the ANC of propylitic volcanic rocks (pH 5.8). Sequential leachate laboratory experiments evaluated the concentration of metals liberated during leaching. Leachate concentrations of Cu-Zn-As-Pb for ANC volcanic rock are one-to-three orders of magnitude lower when compared to leached solution from

  9. Net Acid Production, Acid Neutralizing Capacity, and Associated Mineralogical and Geochemical Characteristics of Animas River Watershed Igneous Rocks Near Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, Douglas B.; Choate, LaDonna; Stanton, Mark R.

    2008-01-01

    This report presents results from laboratory and field studies involving the net acid production (NAP), acid neutralizing capacity (ANC), and magnetic mineralogy of 27 samples collected in altered volcanic terrain in the upper Animas River watershed near Silverton, Colo., during the summer of 2005. Sampling focused mainly on the volumetrically important, Tertiary-age volcanic and plutonic rocks that host base- and precious-metal mineralization in the study area. These rocks were analyzed to determine their potential for neutralization of acid-rock drainage. Rocks in the study area have been subjected to a regional propylitic alteration event, which introduced calcite, chlorite (clinochlore), and epidote that have varying amounts and rates of acid neutralizing capacity (ANC). Locally, hydrothermal alteration has consumed any ANC and introduced minerals, mainly pyrite, that have a high net acid production (NAP). Laboratory studies included hydrogen pyroxide (H2O2) acid digestion and subsequent sodium hydroxide (NaOH) titration to determine NAP, and sulfuric acid (H2SO4) acid titration experiments to determine ANC. In addition to these environmental rock-property determinations, mineralogical, chemical, and petrographic characteristics of each sample were determined through semiquantitative X-ray diffractometry (Rietveld method), optical mineralogy, wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence, total carbon-carbonate, and inductively coupled plasma?mass spectrometric analysis. An ANC ranking was assigned to rock samples based on calculated ANC quantity in kilograms/ton (kg/t) calcium carbonate equivalent and ratios of ANC to NAP. Results show that talus near the southeast Silverton caldera margin, composed of andesite clasts of the Burns Member of the Silverton Volcanics, has the highest ANC (>100 kg/t calcium carbonate equivalent) with little to no NAP. The other units found to have moderate to high ANC include (a) andesite lavas and volcaniclastic rocks of the San Juan

  10. Effect of Dehydration Temperature on Essential Oil Content of Dried Matricaria chamomilla L.Nobile Flowers%不同干燥温度对西洋甘菊花及其精油的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷伏贵; 周建金; 曹奕鸯; 胡启镔; 叶炜; 江金兰; 李永清

    2015-01-01

    Effect of dehydration temperature on the essential oil content of the dried Matricaria chamomilla L. Nobile flowers was studied.The chemical composition of the dried flowers was determined by means of steam distillation and GC-MS analysis.The experimental results indicated that the essential oil contents in the dried flowers dehydrated at various temperatures ranked as follows:0.134% at 60℃>0.117% at 55℃>0.115% at 50℃>0.102% at 25℃ (control)>0.099% at 45℃>0.097% at 40℃.The best fragrance retention was achieved by drying the flowers at 55℃ or 60℃ for 16 h.The best product appearance was resulted from dehydration at 45℃, 50℃ or 55℃.At 40℃,the dried flowers were least appealing.The compounds extracted included 8 alcohols,which contributed 45.97%-63.01% of the total essential oils,and were higher when the dehydration temperature of 25℃or 50℃ was applied.The 10 alkenes in the extract accounted for 17.46%-33.21% of the essential oils,and were higher in the flowers dried at 55℃ or 60℃.And,the essential oils consisted 16.12% -17.67% of chamazulene, and were higher in the flowers dried at 25℃ or 60℃.%采用水蒸气蒸馏法和气相色谱-质谱(GC-MS)联用技术研究不同干燥温度对西洋甘菊花、精油含有率及其成分的影响,结果表明:干燥温度对西洋甘菊干花精油含有率的影响排序为 A1(60℃,0.134%)>A2(55℃,0.117%)> A3(50℃,0.115%)> CK (25℃,0.102%)> A4(45℃,0.099%)> A5(40℃,0.097%);留香干燥以55~60℃为好,干燥时间以16 h 为宜;外观品相以45、50、55℃烘干品最好,60℃次之,40℃和阴干品最差;醇类物质8个,占总含量的45.97%~63.01%,以阴干品和50℃烘干品的含量较高;烯类物质10个,占总含量的17.46%~33.21%,以55℃和60℃烘干品的含量较高;母菊?占总含量的16.12%~17.67%,以阴干品和60℃烘干品的含量较高。

  11. Dança e Animação Cultural: " Improvisações" Dance and Recreation: “Improvisations” Danza y Animación cultural: “Improvisaciones”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Entre nossas propostas de trabalho está a de melhor compreender os mecanismos e as peculiaridades da animação cultural. Para isso, temos investigado as especificidades das diferentes linguagens artísticas. Nosso objetivo neste artigo é apresentar reflexões sobre a incorporação da dança em projetos de animação cultural, partindo de um olhar crítico sobre o próprio estágio de organização da arte. Mais do que pensar um processo de educação pela dança, estamos interessados em refletir sobre a educação para a dança e seus desdobramentos, já que esse assunto tem sido pouco discutido no âmbito do campo acadêmico e nos debates sobre o lazer. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Dança - Animação cultural. One of our aims with this work is to better comprehend the mechanisms and specific features of recreation projects. In this effort, we have dedicated ourselves to investigating the specific features of each of the different artisitic languages. Our main aim with this article is to present our reflections upon the incorporation of dance in recreation projects, with an analytical look at the current organizational stage of this art. More than just thinking of a process of education through art, we are interested in reflecting upong education for dance and its outcomes, as we believe this has been a lesser discussed dimension of the issue in the academic field of Dance and Physical Education. We also want to reflect upon the field of leisure activities. KEY WORDS: Dance - Recreation. Entre nuestras propuestas de trabajo está la de mejor comprender los mecanismos y las peculiaridades de la animación cultural. Injerido en ese esfuerzo, nos hemos dedicado a investigar las especificidades de los diferentes lenguajes artísticos. Nuestro objetivo en ese artículo es presentar reflexiones sobre la incorporación de la danza en proyectos de animación cultural, a partir de una visión crítica sobre el propio ciclo de organización del arte. M

  12. Application of Tracer-Injection Techniques to Demonstrate Surface-Water and Ground-Water Interactions Between an Alpine Stream and the North Star Mine, Upper Animas River Watershed, Southwestern Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Winfield G.; Moore, Bryan

    2003-01-01

    Tracer-injection studies were done in Belcher Gulch in the upper Animas River watershed, southwestern Colorado, to determine whether the alpine stream infiltrates into underground mine workings of the North Star Mine and other nearby mines in the area. The tracer-injection studies were designed to determine if and where along Belcher Gulch the stream infiltrates into the mine. Four separate tracer-injec-tion tests were done using lithium bromide (LiBr), optical brightener dye, and sodium chloride (NaCl) as tracer solu-tions. Two of the tracers (LiBr and dye) were injected con-tinuously for 24 hours, one of the NaCl tracers was injected continuously for 12 hours, and one of the NaCl tracers was injected over a period of 1 hour. Concentration increases of tracer constituents were detected in water discharging from the North Star Mine, substantiating a surface-water and ground-water connection between Belcher Gulch and the North Star Mine. Different timing and magnitude of tracer breakthroughs indicated multiple flow paths with different residence times from the stream to the mine. The Pittsburgh and Sultan Mines were thought to physically connect to the North Star Mine, but tracer breakthroughs were inconclusive in water from these mines. From the tracer-injection tests and synoptic measure-ments of streamflow discharge, a conceptual model was devel-oped for surface-water and ground-water interactions between Belcher Gulch and the North Star Mine. This information, combined with previous surface geophysical surveys indicat-ing the presence of subsurface voids, may assist with decision-making process for preventing infiltration and for the remedia-tion of mine drainage from these mines.

  13. AN EVALUATION ON THE STORY OF ÖMER SEYFETTĠN’S YALNIZ EFE WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF ANIMA AND ANIMUS ANİMA-ANİMUS KAVRAMLARI ÇERÇEVESİNDE ÖMER SEYFETTİN’İN YALNIZ EFE HİKÂYESİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet YILMAZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The anima and animus in Carl Jung's school of analytical psychology, are the two primary anthropomorphic archetypes of the unconscious mind, as opposed to both the theriomorphic and inferior-function of the shadow archetypes, as well as the abstract symbol sets that formulate the archetype of the Self. The anima and animus are described by Jung as elements of his theory of the collective unconscious, a domain of the unconscious that transcends the personal psyche. In the unconscious of the male, it finds expression as a feminine inner personality: anima; equivalently, in the unconscious of the female it is expressed as a masculine inner personality: animus. The anima (animus can be identified as the totality of the unconscious feminine psychological qualities that a male possesses; or the masculine ones possessed by the female. It is an archetype of the collective unconscious and not an aggregate of father or mother, brothers, sisters, aunts, uncles or teachers, though these aspects of the personal unconsciousÖmer Seyfettin has written this story after the occupation of Ġzmir by Greeks. He has wanted to the demonstrate power of Turkish people in this story. We evaluated in this paper, Turkish epic women hero figure in the context of concepts mentioned. Carl G. Jung, insanlarda kolektif bilinçdıĢını meydana getiren atalardan kalma imajlar bütünü olduğunu savunur. Buna dayalı olarak da erkekteki kolektif bilinçaltında var olan diĢiyi “anima” kavramıyla izah etmeye çalıĢır. Anima, erkeğin ruhundaki belli belirsiz duygular, huylar, sezgiler, akıldıĢı olana karĢı duyarlık, kiĢisel sevgi yetisi, doğa sevgisi, en önemli olarak da bilinçdıĢını algılama yetisi gibi bütün diĢil psikolojik eğilimlerin kiĢileĢmesidir. Animus ise, kadındaki erkek olarak bilinir ve kadınlardaki erotik fanteziler ya da yöneliĢlerden çok “kutsal” inançlar olarak ortaya çıkar. Bu kendini yüksek sesle, enerjik olarak d

  14. 金钗石斛多糖减轻脂多糖诱导的大鼠学习记忆减退及机制研究%Dendrobium Nobile Polysaccharides Attenuate Learning and Memory Deficits Induced by Lipopolysaccharide in Rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽娜; 龚其海; 李菲; 吴芹; 石京山

    2016-01-01

    目的:观察金钗石斛多糖(Dendrobium nobile polysaccharides,DNP)对脂多糖(lipopolysaccharide, LPS)诱导的大鼠学习记忆减退及神经炎症的改善作用。方法:DNP(40、80、160 mg·kg-1·d-1)预防性给药7 d,侧脑室注射20µg LPS制备大鼠学习记忆减退模型。制模后d 5开始,Morris水迷宫法检测大鼠的空间辨别学习记忆能力。行为学检测结束后,HE染色观察大鼠海马神经元的细胞形态改变,RT-PCR及Western Blot分别检测大鼠海马组织中肿瘤坏死因子α(tumor necrosis factor-α,TNF-α)、白介素1β(interleukine-1β,IL-1β)、转化生长因子β1(transforming growth factor-β1,TGF-β1)的mRNA及蛋白表达。结果:与假手术组比较,模型组大鼠在定位航行实验中逃避潜伏期明显延长,在空间探索实验中其校正潜伏期明显缩短;大鼠海马神经元排列散乱,部分神经元丢失,出现核固缩,嗜伊红染色;大鼠海马组织中TNF-α、IL-1β、TGF-β1 mRNA及其蛋白的表达量明显增加。DNP(40、80、160 mg·kg-1·d-1)给药组能改善大鼠学习记忆能力,对抗LPS引起的大鼠海马CA1区神经元损伤,并降低大鼠海马组织中TNF-α、IL-1β、TGF-β1的mRNA及蛋白表达。结论:DNP可减轻LPS诱导的大鼠学习记忆减退及神经元损伤,抑制其海马的炎症反应。%Objective:To investigate the protective effects and potential mechanisms ofDendrobium nobile polysaccharides(DNP) fromDendrobium nobileLindl. on learning and memory deficits induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS).Methods:Rats were orally treated with DNP(40,80,160 mg·kg-1) for 7 days,followed by bilateral intra-cerebroventricular injection of LPS(20μg·rat-1) to induce learning and memory deficits. Rats were continued to receive DNP until the end of experiments. Morris water maze was used to test the abilities of spatial learning and memory. The neuronal injury in hippocampus was

  15. Interim report on the scientific investigations in the Animas River watershed, Colorado to facilitate remediation decisions by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service, March 29, 2000 meeting, Denver, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2000-01-01

    presumed to be impacted by historical mining activities. The Animas River watershed (fig. 1) was selected by the State and Federal agencies as one of two watersheds in the U.S. to be studied in detail by the USGS in the AML Initiative. Beginning in October 1997, each of the four Divisions of the USGS (Water Resources, Geologic, Biological Resources, and National Mapping) initiated a collaborative integrated science study of the watershed. Funds were provided from USGS base funding to each of the four Divisions in response to the priorities set by Congressional action and within the flexibility provided by the budgetary framework funding individual research programs. The AML Initiative provides for a five-year focused scientific effort in the two watersheds with final synthesis of the scientific results from each to be published in 2001. Publications are released on the AML web site on a regular basis (http://amli.usgs.gov/amli). On March 29, 2000, the USGS hosted a meeting for the BLM and USFS to discuss remediation options that were under consideration for the summer of 2000. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the scientific rational provided by the USGS to meet objective one above, and to summarize our preliminary interpretations of our data. Additional information from sites on private lands have been collected by the State of Colorado, EPA, and the ARSG. Unfortunately, these data have not been fully supplied to the USGS so our conclusions are based only upon our data. These interpretations provide science-based constraints on possible remediation options to be considered by the FLMA, the State, and local property owners in the Animas River watershed. The report is presented in outline format to facilitate discussion of remediation options at the March 29, 2000 meeting. Not all historical mining sites within the watershed are on public lands. This should not be construed to be a final report of the USGS

  16. L’Anima Plebea Del Lessico Italiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Carboni

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of a historical and materialist conception of language, with particular attention to lexicon, we emphasize Italian’s par-ticular sociolinguistic features, such as the singular great number of dif-ferent languages spoken in the Peninsula, and the diglossia immanent to all its human communities, particularly in the past, but still observable. A sociolinguistic situation in which the dialectical relationship between unity and diversity is tangible. However, the main objective of this paper is to emphasize the fact that the intimate, continuous and dialectical re-lationships between the many peninsular languages determined a current standard Italian with profoundly plebeian features. The analysis of these structural, functional and pragmatic characteristics, somehow little em-phasized by historical linguistic, has been carried out from a materialist and dialectical perspective, seeking to demonstrate that they were gene-rated, throughout history, mainly by so many real linguistic productions of speakers engaged in class conflicts.

  17. Formarsi nei luoghi dell’anima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Cambi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents some observations about the role of the ‘places of soul in education’; the personal and collective plaes, the natural places, the cultural and artistic places, the sacred place and the places of unconscious.

  18. Animas 1:100000 Quad Transportation DLGs

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Digital line graph (DLG) data are digital representations of cartographic information. DLG's of map features are converted to digital form from maps and related...

  19. Solidarietà, specchio dell'anima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo G. Bianchi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nel counseling il colloquio di aiuto trova la sua realizzazione negli ultimi 70 anni di ricerca da Carl Rogers in poi. L’idea è quella di aiutare la persona in difficoltà non tanto suggerendogli dei percorsi, ma sostenendola nel riscoprire il suo stato, la sua situazione attuale da una parte e nella presa di decisioni per la gestione del suo problema dall’altra.

  20. Palju õnne - anima sai 70! / Kristiina Vaarik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarik, Kristiina

    2001-01-01

    Vabaõhumuuseumis toimus Eesti filmi suvepidu, kus kokkuvõtete tegemise kõrval tutvustati Eesti animafilmi 70. juubeli üritusi, sealhulgas ka kinobussi, mis sõidab filmiprogrammiga läbi kogu Eesti 3.-17. augustini

  1. La voce senz’anima: origine e storia del Vocoder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Zavagna

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A review of the cultural origins of the speaking machines is proposed. These origins are identified in the separation between soul and body, proposed by Descartes. The speaking machines, and then the vocoder, are substantially formed by a controlled part and an automatic part; in the voder, the synthetic speaker is directly controlled by a human being, conversely in the vocoder an authomatic process is implemented. Through historical examples such as the ‘automata’ by Mical, Kratzenstein, von Kempelen, Wheatstone, Helmoltz, until the invention of the Dudley’s vocoder, are described a growth and a stratification of devices and synthesizers applied to varied fields (signal representation, encrypted transmission, medical apparatus, cybernetic, music. The historical period treated ideally ends with Dolson’s article written in 1986, “The Phase Vocoder: A Tutorial”. Through musical examples is described the origin of control data handling in composition. The musical application of the phase vocoder describes the distinction between control and synthesis better than other technologies. Both control (parameter values and synthesis (instruments design are compositional problems that involve all the electroacoustic music composers.

  2. 1946 Whitewater-Animas DDR Aerial Photo Index

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Aerial photographs are retrievable on a frame by frame basis. The aerial photo inventory contains imagery from various sources that are now archived at the Earth...

  3. Anima Automata: On the Olympian Art of Song

    OpenAIRE

    Porzak, Simon Lucas

    2014-01-01

    Dominant explanations of the power of song, in musicology, sound studies, media theory, and our cultural mythologies about divas and pop singers, follow a Promethean trajectory: a singer wagers her originary humanity through an encounter with the machinery of music (vocal training, recording media, etc.); yet her song will finally carry an even more profound, immediate human meaning. Technology forms an accidental detour leading from humanity to more humanity. In an alternative, "Olympian" pr...

  4. Uma competência emergente na gestão escolar: a animação cultural Una competencia emergente en la gestión escolar: animación cultural An emerging competency in school administration: cultural animation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Vergara Esteves

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O conceito de gestão está relacionado ao conhecimento e à prática que fazem as organizações funcionarem em relação a determinados objetivos.A escola é o espaço público escolhido pela sociedade para, através de suas ações, atingir seus objetivos educacionais. Nas escolas inseridas ou junto a comunidades carentes, surge no Brasil, nos anos 80, a figura do animador cultural, que passa a realizar um trabalho de educação popular, mais relacionado, em geral às artes e educação física, por serem, em geral, profissionais dessas áreas. Enquanto em nosso país não há uma formação específica, na Franca, o animador cultural possui formação em curso em nível universitário, chegando a atingir um contingente de cerca de 200.000 profissionais. Propomos nesse trabalho a mudança de eixo da animação cultural em escolas brasileiras, ou seja, que ela se fundamente em uma posição que ultrapasse a de educação popular dos anos 80 para um conceito habermasiano de desenvolvimento da subjetividade para atingir a autonomia do sujeito, conjugado a uma ação comunicativa nas comunidades próximas e envolvido com um projeto de profissionalização baseado em competências.El concepto de gestión está relacionado al conocimiento y a la práctica que hacen con que las organizaciones actuen a propósito de determinados objetivos.La escuela es el espacio público elegido por la sociedad para, mediante sus acciones, alcanzar sus objetivos educacionales. En las escuelas insertas o junto a comunidades necesitadas, surge en Brasil, en los años 80, la figura del animador cultural, que pasa a efectuar un trabajo de educación popular, más relacionado, en general, a las artes y a la educación física, ya que son, en general, profesionales de esos campos de actividad. Mientras en nuestro país no hay una formación específica, en Francia, el animador cultural tiene formación en curso a nivel universitario, llegando a un contingente de cerca de

  5. Comparative Transcriptomic Analysis of Vernalization- and Cytokinin-Induced Floral Transition in Dendrobium nobile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Zhenzhen; Guo, Wenzhong; Li, Jinchi; Lin, Haisheng; He, Chunmei; Liu, Yunquan; Zhang, Qunyu; Liu, Wei

    2017-01-01

    Vernalization is required for floral initiation in Dendrobium. Interestingly, those beneficial effects can also be achieved by exogenous cytokinin application in greenhouses. Thus, an as yet unknown crosstalk/interaction may exist between vernalization and cytokinin signaling pathways. In this study, we showed, by de novo transcriptome assembly using RNA-seq data from both vegetative and reproductive tissue samples, that some floral transition-related genes—DnVRN1, FT, SOC1, LFY and AP1—were differentially expressed in low-temperature-challenged (LT) or thidiazuron (TDZ)-treated plants, compared to those mock-treated (CK). Both LT and TDZ upregulated SOC1, LFY and AP1, while the upregulation of DnVRN1 and FT was only LT-induced. We further found that LT promoted the upregulation of some key cytokinin signaling regulators, including several cytokinin biosynthesis-related genes and type-B response regulator (RR)-encoding genes, and that both LT and TDZ triggered the significant upregulation of some marker genes in the gibberellin (GA) signaling pathway, indicating an important low temperature-cytokinin-GA axis in flowering. Our data thus have revealed a cytokinin-GA signal network underlying vernalization, providing a novel insight into further investigation of the molecular mechanism of floral initiation in Dendrobium. PMID:28361995

  6. Orrery a story of mechanical solar systems, clocks, and English nobility

    CERN Document Server

    Buick, Tony

    2014-01-01

    To find the true story of the orrery, this book takes the reader to the vibrant, tumultous London of the 1600s. A mechanical model that shows the movements of the Moon and planets, the orrery takes its name from the Boyle family – the Earls of Orrery. Here is the fascinating story of the origins of this intricate device. Orreries are found everywhere. They appear in paintings, on the side of royal clocks, in stately home hallways, and of course, in museums all over the world. Scientific instruments to demonstrate the movements of the planets and predict their positions using measuring devices, they were devised largely by clockmakers, but many others played a role too and are given due credit. The story of the Boyles is not just relevant to a tiny corner of Ireland, but spans history. “Orrery” highlights the process of discovery and humankind’s universal fascination with the heavens, providing a fascinating example of the relationship between innovative thinking (invention) and precision enginee...

  7. Morphological study of the radioprotective effect of vitamin E (dl-alpha-tocopheryl) in tissue reparation in rats; Estudo morfologico do efeito radioprotetor da vitamina E (dl-alfa-tocoferil) na reparacao tecidual em ratos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manzi, Flavio Ricardo [Pontificia Univ. Catolica de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Raduilogia Odontologica]. E-mail: manzi@pucminas.br; Boscolo, Frab Norberto; Almeida, Solange Maria de [Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Odontologia. Radiologia Odontologica; Tuji, Fabricio Mesquita [Para Univ., Belem, PA (Brazil). Radiologia Odontologica

    2003-12-01

    The purpose of this work was to evaluate the action of the vitamin E as a radioprotective agent in the process of tissue reparation in rats submitted to a surgical procedure, which consisted of a wound done in the fore dorsal area. The animals were divided into five groups: group C (controls) - wound; group VE - previous treatment with vitamin E (90 UI); group IR - wound and irradiation of the borders three days after surgery; group VEIR - previous treatment with 90 UI of the vitamin E and irradiation of the borders three days after the surgery; group OIR - previous treatment with olive oil and irradiation of the borders three days after surgery. The radioprotective effect of the vitamin E was evaluated using hematoxylin-eosin stained specimens in order to identify granulation tissue, at 4, 7, 14 and 21 days after the surgical procedures. The results showed that 6 Gy of electron irradiation with a beam of 6 MeV caused retardation of the tissue repairing process and that vitamin E was effective as a radioprotective agent. (author)

  8. He-Ne laser effects on blood microcirculation. An in vivo study through laser doppler flowmetry; Efeito do laser de helio neonio sobre a microcirculacao sanguinea durante a reparacao tecidual. Estudo in vivo por meio de fluxometria laser doppler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunez, Silvia Cristina

    2002-07-01

    Blood microcirculation performs an important function in tissue repair process, as well as in pain control, allowing for greater oxygenation of the tissues and the accelerated expulsion of metabolic products, that may be contributing to pain. Low Intensity Laser Therapy (LILT) is widely used to promote healing, and there is an assumption that it is mechanism of action may be due to an enhancement of blood supply. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, using laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF), the stated effects caused by radiation emitted by a He-Ne laser ({lambda}=632.8 nm) on blood microcirculation during tissue repair. To this end, 15 male mice were selected and received a liquid nitrogen provoked lesion, above the dorsal region, and blood flow was measured periodically, during 21 days. Due to radiation emission by the LDF equipment, a control group was established to evaluate possible effects caused by this radiation on microcirculation. To evaluate the He-Ne laser effects, a 1.15 J/cm{sup 2} dose was utilized, with an intensity of 6 mW/cm{sup 2}. The results obtained demonstrate flow alterations, provoked by the lesion, and subsequent inflammatory response. There was no statistical difference between the studied groups. As per the analysis of the results there is no immediate effect due the radiation emitted by a He Ne laser on microcirculation, although a percentage increase was observed in day 7 on medium blood flow rate in irradiated specimens. New studies are necessary to validate the use of this wavelength, in order to promote beneficial alterations in blood supply in radiated areas. (author)

  9. Van der Waals effect in weak adsorption affecting trends in adsorption, reactivity, and the view of substrate nobility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kelkkanen, Kari André; Lundqvist, Bengt; Nørskov, Jens Kehlet

    2011-01-01

    The ubiquitous van der Waals (vdW) force, particularly discernible in weak adsorption, is studied on noble and transition metals. In calculations with the vdW density functional (DF) [ M. Dion et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 246401 (2004)], the atomic structure near the adsorption site is systematic......The ubiquitous van der Waals (vdW) force, particularly discernible in weak adsorption, is studied on noble and transition metals. In calculations with the vdW density functional (DF) [ M. Dion et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 246401 (2004)], the atomic structure near the adsorption site...

  10. Anima/Animus and Wise Old Man in "Six Characters in Search of an Author"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamalinesari, Ali

    2015-01-01

    The word "archetype" is derived from the Greek words "arche" meaning "first" and type meaning "imprint" or "pattern". Actually, the archetypes are like deposits of experiences that have been frequently repeated in the history of human beings. They are present in all humans from birth. They can be…

  11. C.G. Jung come precursore di una filosofia per l'anima

    OpenAIRE

    Madera, R.

    2007-01-01

    In una delle accezioni di filosofia per Jung è contenuta una idea della filosofia come modo di vivere: questa intuizione fa di Jung un precursore della riscoperta della filosofia come stile di vita e, insieme, trasforma la psicologia analitica in un primo passo per la riapertura di una via sapienziale propria dell'Occidente

  12. Archeological Testing at Four Sites on the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    The control unit was placed in the northeast comer. The 7.24 North-facing South Wall 100.64 in clevation KEN ’ M Stratum S Rock ’.\\ Soil Sample Bedrock...West Wall 98358 M CICVatIOD West-facing. East Wall 98.58 mt clc-afon KEN ’ Scale Rocki I FD StratUrn Centimeters OD Soil Sample 11F Structural Stone E N...swimmers ( Wilber and Weidenbacher 1961:372), and most do not live longer than three years (Fitzgerald et al. 1994:358). Skunks den in various places

  13. A viola con anima: uma construção simbólica

    OpenAIRE

    Gisela Gomes Pupo Nogueira

    2008-01-01

    As pesquisas históricas sobre as violas brasileiras foram delimitadas pelas referências textuais e iconográficas ao instrumento musical e à sua utilização na produção musical, particularmente da segunda metade do século XVIII ao início do XIX, com pequena citação de César das Neves em s eu Cancioneiro de Músicas Populares, cujo primeiro volume é datado de 1893. Usualmente confundida com alaúdes, cistros e violões, a literatura histórica deixa lacunas sobre a descrição do instrumento. Fato é q...

  14. Il corpo dell’anima. Chiesa e terapie della gravidanza nell’Ottocento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Betta

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses late nineteenth century intervention of the Congregation of the Holy Office, concerning therapeutic abortive interventions on at risk pregnancy. In the context of a most widely conflict between religion and science, this inquisitorial discussion appeared as a reaction to increasing power of medicine on nature and human body. In this perspective, Catholic Church, through the Holy Office, discussed the status of human embryo, the role and freedom of pregnant women, the moral limits of medicine and science.

  15. Mente e Materia. Fisiologia dell'anima nella tradizione galenica tardo-rinascimentale (1575-1625)

    OpenAIRE

    Bigotti, Fabrizio

    2012-01-01

    La tesi si sviluppa intorno alla diffusione ed alla tradizione del trattato galenico Quod animi mores nell'età tardo Rinascimentale. Dalla derivazione fisiologica degli stati psichici e delle scelte morali alla teoria degli elementi ed alla fisiognomica medica, il trattato di Galeno rappresenta l'esempio di un testo chiave della discussione scientifica e culturale della prima età moderna. Intorno a problemi da esso sollevati ruotano, infatti, le principali tesi dei medici e filosofi sulla nat...

  16. Altitude of the top of the Raton Formation in the Raton Basin, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This digital geospatial data set consists of structure contours of the top of the Raton Formation, the contact between the Raton and Poison Canyon Formations, in Las...

  17. Sogno, immagini e disagio psichico: una cura per l'anima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinando Testa

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Nella dimensione concettuale e terapeutica della psicologia analitica il lavoro con le immagini si pone come una sorte di spartiacque che caratterizza la specificità e l’identità della clinica junghiana, terreno di incontro col mondo delle psicosi, avvicinandosi al mondo dei deliri e delle allucinazioni come aspetti fenomenologici dove la dimensione personale si interseca con quella archetipica e il senso della propria esistenza ha potuto trovare un contenitore forse unicamente attraverso la voce dei deliri e delle immagini patologizzanti. In tal senso, le immagini accompagnano lungo il viaggio della vita, albergano nei ricordi delle storie prive di fiducia e di amore e possono condurre alla follia oppure rappresentare una ancora di salvezza in un mare tempestoso su una nave senza nocchiero. L'immaginazione è quindi da intendersi come attività creatrice, forza propulsiva che spinge e conduce l'individuo a mettersi in gioco e a valorizzare la dimensione interna non solo come portatrice di aspetti distruttivi e mostruosi, ma anche come possibilità di immaginare e non fantasticare la possibilità che ci possa essere uno spazio per la trasformazione del proprio passato in una storia riscritta in un altro modo, con un altro significato che sia quello dell'unione e non della frantumazione schizofrenica.

  18. Sul conoscere e il sentire dell’anima umana. Osservazioni e sogni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann Gottfried Herder

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Here's the first italian translation of Herder’s Übers Erkennen und Empfinden in der menschlichen Seele written by the german philosopher in response to the subject of the competition called by the Academy of Science of Berlin in 1773. Translated by Francesca Marelli.

  19. Sul conoscere e il sentire dell’anima umana. Osservazioni e sogni

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Here's the first italian translation of Herder’s Übers Erkennen und Empfinden in der menschlichen Seele written by the german philosopher in response to the subject of the competition called by the Academy of Science of Berlin in 1773. Translated by Francesca Marelli.

  20. Vers un instrumentarium pour les modèles musicaux CORDIS-ANIMA

    OpenAIRE

    Tache, Olivier; Cadoz, Claude

    2009-01-01

    Session: "Plates-formes pour la diffusion et pour la creation"; National audience; La modélisation physique propose un changement de paradigme dans l'Informatique Musicale, en se concentrant sur la modélisation de corps sonores virtuels plutôt que sur la modélisation des sons eux-mêmes. Elle conduit à reconsidérer en profondeur la relation entre le musicien et l'ordinateur, aussi bien au niveau conceptuel que pratique, en particulier lorsqu'il s'agit pour le musicien ou le compositeur de prat...

  1. Stereoskooppisen vaha-animaation jälkikäsittely : Case: Nothing Occurred

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Tässä opinnäytetyössä keskitytään haasteisiin, joita stereoskooppinen kuva tuo visuaalisten tehosteiden lisäämiseen ja työnkulkuun. Produktiivinen osio on Nothing Occurred -animaatio, joka on opinnäytetyön kirjoittajan voittoa tavoittelematon pienen budjetin stereoskooppinen vaha-animaatio. Sen esikuvana on Coraline-animaatio, joka on maailman ensimmäinen kokoillan stereoskooppinen stop motion -elokuva. Työssä tutkitaan alan teoriaa ja kirjoittajan omia havaintoja 3D-elokuvista sekä empii...

  2. Altitude of the bottom of the Trinidad Sandstone in the Raton Basin, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This data set consists of structure contours that show lines of equal altitude of the bottom of the Trinidad Sandstone, the contact between the Trinidad Sandstone...

  3. Harmonia cromática em animações: a cor no contexto da tecnologia

    OpenAIRE

    Franck, Gláucia

    2015-01-01

    Esta dissertação busca demonstrar a influência recíproca entre a arte e a tecnologia para além do artefato com o uso da cor na obtenção da harmonia cromática e do reforço perceptivo visual e cultural. Procuramos evidenciar como a arte se apropria da tecnologia na obtenção da harmonia pelo uso da cor no processo criativo. A arte, ao ser mediada pela tecnologia, desafia o artista a opor-se ao determinismo tecnológico que impõe resultados pela estandardização do uso de seus aparatos, superando s...

  4. From substantival to functional vitalism and beyond: animas, organisms and attitudes.

    OpenAIRE

    Wolfe, Charles T.

    2011-01-01

    I distinguish between ‘substantival’ and ‘functional’ forms of vitalism in the eighteenth century. Substantival vitalism presupposes the existence of a (substantive) vital force which either plays a causal role in the natural world as studied scientifically, or remains an immaterial, extra-causal entity. Functional vitalism tends to operate ‘post facto’, from the existence of living bodies to the search for explanatory models that will account for their uniquely ‘vital’ properties better than...

  5. From substantival to functional vitalism and beyond: animas, organisms and attitudes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles T. Wolfe

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available I distinguish between ‘substantival’ and ‘functional’ forms of vitalism in the eighteenth century. Substantival vitalism presupposes the existence of a (substantive vital force which either plays a causal role in the natural world as studied scientifically, or remains an immaterial, extra-causal entity. Functional vitalism tends to operate ‘post facto’, from the existence of living bodies to the search for explanatory models that will account for their uniquely ‘vital’ properties better than fully mechanistic models can. I discuss representative figures of the Montpellier school (Bordeu, Ménuret, Fouquet as functional rather than substantival vitalists, and suggest an additional point regarding the reprisal of vitalism(s in the 20th century, from Driesch to Canguilhem: that in addition to the substantival and functional varieties, we encounter a third species of vitalism, which I term ‘attitudinal’, as it argues for vitalism as a kind of attitude.

  6. The education of the navarrese nobility during the Early modern age La educación de la nobleza navarra durante la modernidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo ORDUNA PORTÚS

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} During the Modern Agem, classrooms of different schools were attended by descendants of the most and less important noble houses of Navarre. Their education was intended to offer access to a post in the administration, both in Navarra and the rest of the territories of the Monarchy. This study focuses on the different educational systems to the local elites, regardless of sex or lineage. Educational quality and to train members of this group was predominantly an investment and privilege with difficult barriers to cross.Durante la Edad Moderna, las aulas de los diferentes centros de enseñanza estuvieron concurridas por los descendientes de las más y menos importantes casas nobiliarias navarras. Su educación estuvo destinada a ofrecerles el posterior acceso a un cargo en la Administración, tanto en Navarra como en el resto de territorios de la Monarquía. El presente trabajo versa sobre los diferentes sistemas educativos a los que optaron estas élites locales desde su más tierna infancia, independientemente de su sexo o linaje. Centros de enseñanza de calidad, ya que la formación de los miembros de este grupo predominante era una inversión y un privilegio con difíciles barreras para su acceso.

  7. Primary Study on Photosynthetic Characteristics of Dendrobium nobile%金钗石斛光合作用特征的初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏文华; 张光飞

    2003-01-01

    利用LiCor-6400光合测定系统测定了不同天气条件下,金钗石斛叶片24 h CO2吸收的动态变化,以及CO2吸收对有效光合辐射的响应.结果表明:晴天,白天和夜间金钗石斛都能吸收CO2,中午有光下呼吸现象,CO2的交换方式具景天酸代谢途径(CAM)的特点;阴雨天,中午没有光下呼吸现象,白天都在吸收CO2,夜间21∶ 00仍有CO2吸收,23∶ 00以后至次日凌晨处于暗呼吸状态.金钗石斛叶片CO2吸收对光照强度的效应表现出强光抑制现象,饱和光照强度为1000 μmol/m2 s.叶片受到强光照射后,光合饱和点降低,CO2吸收速率下降.说明金钗石斛是兼性景天酸代谢植物,随着环境条件的变化,光合作用可在CAM途径与C3途径间变化,这一光合特性可能是金钗石斛适应需荫环境和生长缓慢、稀少的主要原因之一.

  8. Water wells, with selected administrative, well construction, and hydrogeologic data, Raton Basin, Huerfano and Las Animas Counties, Colorado, 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This dataset consists of water well locations, selected well-construction data, and hydrologic data, that are based on permit transactions submitted to the State...

  9. Preliminary Geologic Map of the Culebra Peak Area, Sangre de Cristo Mountains, Las Animas and Costilla Counties, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fridrich, Christopher J.; Kirkham, Robert M.

    2008-01-01

    This geologic map provides new geologic mapping at 1:50,000-scale in the Culebra Peak area of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of south-central Colorado. The map area includes all of the El Valle Creek, Stonewall, Culebra Peak, and Torres 7.5' quadrangles. Paleoproterozoic crystalline basement rocks are exposed along the crest of the Culebra Range which include a calc-alkaline gneiss sequence and a metasedimentary and bimodal metavolcanic sequence which are strongly foliated and display a northeast-southwest oriented structural trend. These rocks are intruded by several large granitic bodies and smaller amphibolitic and pegmatitic bodies which are also foliated. These basement rocks are intruded by a set of younger Neoproterozoic to lower Paleozoic gabbro dikes which are nonfoliated. These crystalline rocks are overlain to the east of the Culebra Range by a thick sequence of Phanerozoic sedimentary rocks which include upper Paleozoic syn-tectonic sedimentary rocks of the Colorado Trough related to the Ancestral Rocky Mountains, Mesozoic post-tectonic sedimentary rocks, Cretaceous interior seaway sediments, and Laramide-age syn-tectonic sedimentary rocks of the Raton Basin. These rocks are faulted and folded by Laramide-age deformation. Tertiary igneous and volcaniclastic rocks that postdate the Laramide Orogeny are exposed throughout the map area and to the west of the Culebra Range, syntectonic sedimentary and volcanic rocks of the Sante Fe Group were deposited as fill in basins of the Rio Grande rift. These deposits are cut by rift-related extensional faults. Surficial units include alluvial, lacustrine, glacial, and mass-wasting deposits.

  10. Evaluative Testing of the Bent Canyon Stage Station on the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Boulder. Chapman, J. A., J. G. Hockman and W. R. Edwards 1982 Cottontails: Sylvilagus floridanus and Allies. In Wild Mammals of North America: Biology ...Smith, R. L. 1980 Ecology and Field Biology . Harper and Row, New York. South, S. 1978 Exploring Analytical Technique. In Historical Archaeology: A...page 1 of • ACC# " EXCAVATON LEVEL FORM Fort Carson-Pifion Canyon Maneuver Site Proj ect . Stage 7 Site ,L-131 75 Unit Z X•o ALevel Screen size 4

  11. Evaluative Testing of 5LA3421: A Multicomponent Prehistoric and Historic Site, Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-05-01

    thistle), Brassicaceae (Mustard Family), Cyperaceae ( Sedge Family), Ephedra (joint fir), Eriogonum (desert buckwheat), Fabaceae (Bean Family...Family Cheno-Am Goosefoot, Pigweed Cyperaceae Sedge Family Ephedra nevadensis-type Joint Fir, Mormon Tea Ephedra torreyana-type Joint Fir, Mormon Tea...sping Asteraceae, Cyperaceae , Eriogonum, Fabaceae, Platyopuntia, Polygonaceae, Typha and Yucca, while arboreal taxa are represented by Picea, Quercus, and

  12. Nota al saggio di Herder «Sul conoscere e il sentire dell’anima umana»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Marelli

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In his essay Vom Erkennen und Empfinden der menschlichen Seele (1793 Herder reconstructs the broad outline of his thought about psychology. He thinks that psychological research should always go hand in hand with physiological one, in the frame of a substantial continuity between organic and inorganic nature.

  13. GRED STUDIES AND DRILLING OF AMERICULTURE STATE 2, AMERICULTURE TILAPIA FARM LIGHTNING DOCK KGRA, ANIMAS VALLEY, NM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Witcher, James

    2006-08-01

    This report summarizes the GRED drilling operations in the AmeriCulture State 2 well with an overview of the preliminary geologic and geothermal findings, from drill cuttings, core, geophysical logs and water geochemical sampling.

  14. Bone repair of the periapical lesions treated or not with low intensity laser ({lambda} = 904 nm).(An X-ray study in human); Reparacao ossea de lesoes perirradiculares tratadas ou nao com lasers em baixa intensidade ({lambda}=904 nm). Estudo radiografico em humanos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sousa, Gerdal Roberto de

    2001-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of low intensity laser on the bone repair over periapical lesions of dental elements. Fifteen patients with a total of eighteen periapical lesions were selected and divided into two groups. Lesions of the control group were submitted to endodontic treatment and/or periapical surgery and the lesions of the experimental laser group, were submitted to the same procedures of the first group but also irradiated by low intensity laser. It was used a 904 nm wavelength laser GaAs, employing 11 mW of power delivered by a fiber optic system, irradiation continuos and contact mode, using a fluency of 9 J/cm{sup 2}. The mentioned treatment was repeated for 10 sessions with intervals of 72 hours between each session. Bone repair was evaluated through lesion measurements, which were accessed from the X ray pictures using a time and then, were also statistically analyzed. Results showed a significant difference between lased and control groups (p<0,10), emphasizing that for the laser group presented a significant reduction of the lesions area, confirmed by X ray. (author)

  15. Computed tomography to evaluate the association of fragmented heterolog cortical bone and methylmethacrylate to repare segmental bone defect produced in tibia of rabbits; Tomografia computadorizada da matriz ossea mineralizada heterologa fragmentada e metilmetacrilato na reparacao de falhas osseas segmentares produzidas em tibia de coelhos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freitas, S.H. [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil); Doria, R.G.S. [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos; Mendonca, F.S.; Santos, M.D.; Moreira, R. [Universidade de Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria; Simoes, R.S. [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Hospital Universitario; Camargo, L.M.; Simoes, M.J. [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Escola Paulista de Medicina; Marques, A.T.C. [Universidade de Cuiaba, MT (Brazil). Faculdade de Odontologia

    2012-11-15

    A 6mm segmental defect was performed on the metaphyseal region of the tibia of 12 rabbits and the autoclaved fragmented heterolog cortical bone conserved in glycerin (98%) and methylmethacrylate was used as a bone graft for the reconstruction. The graft was placed in the receptor bed and its integration was evaluated by computed tomography after 30, 60 and 90 days. There was gradual bone graft incorporation in the receptor bed during the time in 100% of the cases. Fragmented cortical bone heterograft and methylmethacrylate was biologically compatible and promotes bone defect reparation without signs of infection, migration and or rejection, featuring a new option of osseous substitute to fill in bone defects. (author)

  16. Uma estação biológica para o estudo dos mosquitos e dos outros animaes silvestres relacionados com a febre amarela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique de Beaurepaire de Aragão

    1943-01-01

    Full Text Available The outbreak of the jungle or forest yellow fever, through the adapta¬tion, quite recently of the yellow fever virus o the forest mosquitoes, brou¬ght the necessity of ecological researches on hese mosquitoes, as well as on the wild animals they bite, some of them being susceptible to the desease. This has been done by the special yellow fever Service of the State of Sao Paulo, in a special Biological Station in Perús, São Paulo, which has been built in the midst of the jungle. This station was made with plain materials, and covered with straw, but was confortable enough for the technical work, i nthe early months of 1938. During the months in which the investigations were being carried on, the following interesting results were obtained: 1. As we have already pointed out in other places, the forest mosquitoes biting us during daytime, are always new born insects, having not yet sucked blood, as it is the general rule with all mosquitoes, and therefore also, with the anopheles and stegomyia, and this explains why nobody gets malaria or yellow fever, transmitted by anofeles or by aedes aegypti during the day. We think therefore, the jungle yellow fever, got during daytime is not due to the infected jungle or forest mosquito biting, but to infection through the human skin coming into close contact with tre virus, which the forest mosquitoes lay with their dejections, on the leaves of the trees where they remain sitting du¬ring the day. 2. As it is the rule with anopheles, stegomyia and other mosquitoes, the insects once having sucked blood, take nocturnal habits and, therefore, bite us, only during the night, so it happens with the forest mosquito, and insects with developped eggs and blood in stomach have been caught within the sta¬tion house, during the night. During the day, these mosquitoes do not bite, but remain quite still on the leaves of the trees, in the damp parts of the woods. 3. Jungle or forest mosquitoes can easely bite wild animals, some with more avidity then ethers, as it has bee npointed out to the opossum (didei-phis and other animals. They also bite birds having very thin skin and only exceptionally, cold bloods animals. 5. Is has hot been possible to ascertain how forest mosquitoes are able to live, from onde season to another, through winter, when temperature drops near and even below zero. They have not been found in holes of the terrain, of trees and of animals, as it is the rule in cold countries. During winter, in the forest, it is possible to find larvs in the holes of bambus and trees full of water. As wild animals do not harbour the yellow fever virus for a long time in their body, it is diffcult to explain how the desease lasts from one season to another. Many ecological features on the mosquito, remains yet to be explained and therefore it in necessary to go on with the investigations, in bio¬logical stations, such as that one built up in Perús, São Paulo.

  17. Evaluative Testing of Sheep Ranching Site 5LA2316, 5LA2366, and 5LA2359 on the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    specifics will be covered here, along with some primary documents where available. In 1882, doctor, politician, and " booster " Michael Beshoar of...imported buck sells from $20 to $50 and the demand is good. Herders for both sheep and cattle are paid from $20 to $40 per month and board. All depends

  18. Sistemas de autoria para produção de animações por crianças utilizando interfaces naturais.

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandra Camargo Alves

    2011-01-01

    O Governo Brasileiro, juntamente com outros órgãos públicos e representantes do terceiro setor, criou um grande número de projetos que tentam disseminar o uso das tecnologias e promover a inclusão digital. Esses projetos são consequência da importância dada à inclusão digital e à capacitação do cidadão como ser autônomo e crítico no uso das tecnologias e na construção do seu conhecimento. Entretanto, a escola, que deveria ser considerada a principal responsável pelo futuro cidadão, ainda não ...

  19. Preliminary Geologic Map of the Vermejo Peak area, Colfax and Taos Counties, New Mexico and Las Animas and Costilla Counties, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fridrich, Christopher J.; Shroba, Ralph R.; Pillmore, Charles L.; Hudson, Adam M.

    2009-01-01

    This geologic map covers four 7.5-minute quadrangles-The Wall, NM-CO (New Mexico-Colorado), Vermejo Park, NM-CO, Ash Mountain, NM, and Van Bremmer Park, NM. The study area straddles the boundary between the eastern flank of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and the western margin of the Raton Basin, with about two-thirds of the map area in the basin. The Raton Basin is a foreland basin that formed immediately eastward of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains during their initial uplift, in the Late Cretaceous through early Eocene Laramide orogeny. Subsequently, these mountains have been extensively modified during formation of the Rio Grande rift, from late Oligocene to present. The map area is within that part of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains that is called the Culebra Range. Additionally, the map covers small parts of the Devil's Park graben and the Valle Vidal half-graben, in the northwestern and southwestern parts of the map area, respectively. These two grabens are small intermontaine basins, that are satellitic to the main local basin of the Rio Grande rift, the San Luis Basin, that are an outlying, early- formed part of the rift, and that separate the Culebra Range from the Taos Range, to the southwest.

  20. Animação e quadrinhos Disney: produção cultural no início do século XXI

    OpenAIRE

    Celbi Vagner Melo Pegoraro

    2016-01-01

    Analisa as influências e as transformações promovidas pelas produções cinematográficas Disney, a partir das mudanças da estrutura corporativa, resultando numa descentralização do processo de produção e a criação de uma nova dinâmica na indústria cultural. Para seu desenvolvimento, utilizou-se o método funcionalista com pesquisa bibliográfica e visita técnica de campo. Com um viés tecnológico, a pesquisa transdisciplinar teve como objetivos analisar o atual processo de produção nas histórias e...

  1. Development of a Plan to Implement Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) in the Animas Valley, New Mexico - Final Report - 07/26/2000 - 02/01/2001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schochet, Daniel N.; Cunniff, Roy A.

    2001-02-01

    The concept of producing energy from hot dry rock (HDR), originally proposed in 1971 at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, contemplated the generation of electric power by injecting water into artificially created fractures in subsurface rock formations with high heat flow. Recognizing the inherent difficulties associated with HDR, the concept of Enhanced Geothermal Systems was proposed. This embraces the idea that the amount of permeability and fluid in geothermal resources varies across a spectrum, with HDR at one end, and conventional hydrothermal systems at the other. This report provides a concept for development of a ''Combined Technologies Project'' with construction and operation of a 6 MW (net) binary-cycle geothermal power plant that uses both the intermediate-depth hydrothermal system at 1,200 to 3,300 feet and a deeper EGS capable system at 3,000 to 4,000 feet. Two production/injection well pairs will be drilled, one couplet for the hydrothermal system, and one for the E GS system. High-pressure injection may be required to drive fluid through the EGS reservoir from the injection to the production well.

  2. Interferencia entre bacterias comensales de faringe y patogénesis de oído medio en un modelo animas de otitis media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LM Villafane

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: determinar in vivo la interacción entre bacterias comensales aisladas  de faringe de niños sanos y S. pneumoniae, en un modelo animal (Chinchilla laniger de otitis media. Metodos: estudio experimental Intervenciones: Suspensiones de los serotipos 18A y 9V de Spn fueron inyectados intra-peritonealmente en dos chinchillas y luego recuperados mediante cultivo de órganos y sangre de las mismas. Empleando suspensiones de las cepas animalizadas se inocularon intranasalmente cuatro chinchillas, y solo a dos de ellas se le inoculo una mezcla de las bacterias comensales (Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus parasanguinis. Con un otoscopio se examinó la evolución de la infección a los 7 y 14 días. Se sacrificaron los animales y se tomaron muestras de los oídos para un examen histológico. Resultados: Mediante otoscopia, se observó al día 14 que todos presentaron una membrana timpánica hiperémica sin efusión, presentándose con mayor intensidad en aquellos que recibieron el tratamiento. La histología confirmó que la administración del tratamiento no evitó que la infección evolucionara, advirtiéndose que las infectadas con el serotipo 8A y tratadas fueron las que presentaron el tejido epitelial menos comprometido respecto al resto. Conclusiones: Spn y las bacterias comensales podrían establecer una relación competitiva, y el efecto moderador en la progresión de la infección de otitis media dependería del serotipo involucrado.

  3. Archaeological Sites Inventory of the Training Area 10 and 12 Portions of the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Winchester and Courtney Yilk did a great job for us despite the fact that the bugs were thick and the temperatures were often extreme. Volunteers Jeff Fladung...P58) and a chert non-bipolar core. Colluvial soil deposits to 25 cm were observed on this 48 x 47 m surface scatter. Juniper, soapweed, milkweed ...scatter found on an elevated point overlooking upper Red Rock Canyon. It is sparsely vegetated with juniper, sage, milkweed , and grama grasses

  4. Archaeological Sites Inventory of the Training Area 10 and 12 Portions of the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Kay Winchester and Courtney Yilk did a great job for us despite the fact that the bugs were thick and the temperatures were often extreme. Volunteers...but skunkbrush, bluestem, milkweed , and mountain mahogany also observed in the area. The soils are thin on this canyon slope, but silty clay of 20 cm...site is located on grassland, with sparse juniper trees along the terrace edge. Recorded vegetation includes blue grama, milkweed , threeawn, tree

  5. The use of fluoride as a natural tracer in water and the relationship to geological features: Examples from the Animas River Watershed, San Juan Mountains, Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bove, D.J.; Walton-Day, K.; Kimball, B.A.

    2009-01-01

    Investigations within the Silverton caldera, in southwestern Colorado, used a combination of traditional geological mapping, alteration-assemblage mapping, and aqueous geochemical sampling that showed a relationship between geological and hydrologic features that may be used to better understand the provenance and evolution of the water. Veins containing fluorite, huebnerite, and elevated molybdenum concentrations are temporally and perhaps genetically associated with the emplacement of high-silica rhyolite intrusions. Both the rhyolites and the fluorite-bearing veins produce waters containing elevated concentrations of F-, K and Be. The identification of water samples with elevated F/Cl molar ratios (> 10) has also aided in the location of water draining F-rich sources, even after these waters have been diluted substantially. These unique aqueous geochemical signatures can be used to relate water chemistry to key geological features and mineralized source areas. Two examples that illustrate this relationship are: (1) surface-water samples containing elevated F-concentrations (> 1.8 mg/l) that closely bracket the extent of several small high-silica rhyolite intrusions; and (2) water samples containing elevated concentrations of F-(> 1.8 mg/ l) that spatially relate to mines or areas that contain late-stage fluorite/huebnerite veins. In two additional cases, the existence of high F-concentrations in water can be used to: (1) infer interaction of the water with mine waste derived from systems known to contain the fluorite/huebnerite association; and (2) relate changes in water quality over time at a high elevation mine tunnel to plugging of a lower elevation mine tunnel and the subsequent rise of the water table into mineralized areas containing fluorite/huebnerite veining. Thus, the unique geochemical signature of the water produced from fluorite veins indicates the location of high-silica rhyolites, mines, and mine waste containing the veins. Existence of high F-concentrations along with K and Be in water in combination with other geological evidence may be used to better understand the provenance of the water. ?? 2009 AAG/Geological Society of London.

  6. Le simulateur temps réel TELLURIS pour le langage CORDIS-ANIMA. Modèles physiques, gestes, sons, images

    OpenAIRE

    Uhl, Claude; Luciani, Annie; Cadoz, Claude

    1994-01-01

    International audience; La machine I.C.I. vise à définir I'ordinateur comme outil d'interface Homme-Machine généralisée par I'introduction d'un mode de communication naturel humain appelé Communication Instrumentale. Dans ce type de communication, I'homme communique avec la tâche via un outil. Cet outil est un objet se comportant comme un objet physique avec lequel I'homme est en relation multi-sensorielle visuelle, acoustique et gestuelle. Pour réaliser ce type de communication entre I'homme...

  7. «O utinam anima mea esset in corpore tuo!». Pier Damiani, l’amicitia monastica e la riforma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umberto Longo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available L'amicizia si esprimeva attraverso la densissima serie di relazioni di Pier Damiani con una folla di interlocutori, a cominciare dai membri della sua comunità per finire con i monaci di Cassino e Cluny. Una speciale sensibilità emotiva e la condivisione di peculiari comportamenti ascetici e penitenziali alimentavano la forza vincolante che orientava la ristretta cerchia degli asceti seguaci di Pier Damiani a sviluppare, attorno alla passione di Gesù, una teologia per cercare di vivere la propria carne. Per quanto riguarda gli anni '60 del secolo XI si cerca di estendere la proposta di perfezione ascetica di questa cerchia, in particolare verso il monachesimo di Cassino.

  8. 一种基于手机加速度传感器的三维手势身份认证方法%A nethod of 3 D gesture identity authentication based on nobile-phone acceleration sensor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王尧; 孙子文; 周治平

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at mobile-phone users’security issues,a gesture identity authentication method based on acceleration sensor is proposed. 3D gesture data are processed by the mean-variance normalization;and the data of the moving gesture are intercepted by using a threshold value to remove interference data;authentication algorithm adopts template matching method. The authenticity of the user can be determined by the average-dynamic time warping( A-DTW)algorithm through comparing reference template with test template. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is convenient,feasible and has a good recognition rate.%针对手机用户安全问题,提出一种基于手机加速度传感器的手势身份认证方法。采用均值-方差归一化方式对三维手势数据进行归一化处理;采用门限值方法截取手势动作,去除干扰数据;认证算法采用模板匹配的方式,通过设计的均值-动态时间归整( A-DTW)算法对参考模板和测试模板进行比较,判断用户的真实性。仿真结果显示:该算法方便可行,具有较高的识别率。

  9. Trichoderma chlorosporum,a new record of endophytic fungi from Dendrobium nobile in China%中国木霉属内生真菌一个新记录种Trichoderma chlorosporum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁志林; 陈益存; 章初龙; 林福呈; 陈连庆

    2008-01-01

    @@ 1 INTRODUCTION Typically,Trichoderma spp.are free-living fungi most frequently isolated from soils and have been extensively studied due to their remarkable biocontrol and plant-growth promoting capacity.There is increasing evidence that sometimes they display flexible lifestyle and penetrate epidermis of roots and act as opportunistic,avirulent plant symbiont(Harman et al.2004).Recently,a Trichoderma species living as endophyte,Trichoderma taxi C.L.Zhang et al.(2007),has been recognized.

  10. Käime üle kunsti / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    2001-01-01

    "Kunstisuve" näitustest Kuressaares: Sirje Eelma kureeritud eesti ja gotlandi kunstnike ühisnäitusest "Avatud akende päevad" Raegaleriis ja Terje Ojaveri kureeritud skulptuurinäitusest "Anima(a)l" linnuses

  11. Archaeological Sites Inventory of the High Priority Portions of Training Areas 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 11, 13, and H of the Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site, Las Animas County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-18

    1 2.0 PHY SICAL AND CULTURA L BA CK G RO UND...0- C"j -W (U 0 0 HH At the end of the Pleistocene - Brunswig’s (1992:6) Early Pre- Clovis subperiod (21,000 to 14,500 BP) - the climate in Colorado...Pre- Clovis period (14,000 to around 11,500 BP) warmer and more mesic conditions prevailed. On a large scale, and outside of Colorado, the global

  12. De Anima Arystotelesa oczami Franza Brentana. Budowa ludzkiej duszy na podstawie Die Psychologie des Aristoteles, insbesondere seine Lehre vom nous poietikos oraz w kontekście pozostałych prac ze zbioru Aristotelica**

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Kamińska

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a part of a project devoted to Brentano’s Aristotelian writings. I concentrate on his habilitation about Aristotle’s psychology, and especially on how he understood Aristotle’s division of mental life into three levels as well as the functions typical for these levels. I analyze two notions that Brentano introduces in his account: Zwischenglieder, meaning intermediary “levels” within the soul enabling smooth passages between the vegetative soul and sensory soul and between the latter and intellectual soul; and Gottverwandtschaft, i.e. human kinship with God, which is possible thanks to the noblest part of the soul. I also introduce two metaphors of the soul: cake-metaphor and fabric-metaphor.

  13. Interpretation of Pushkin's Anima Prototype from the Eugene Onegin%从《叶甫盖尼·奥涅金》解读普希金的阿尼玛原型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李蓉蓉

    2011-01-01

    普希金在创作《叶甫盖尼·奥涅金》时,对女主人公达吉雅娜的形象塑造投入了自己最深厚的情感,他将自己的生活和精神历程投射于女主人公的形象中。在达吉雅娜身上可以看出与普希金相似的精神状态,也可看出普希金把自己某些缺失的精神层次寄托于达吉雅娜的形象上。达吉雅娜不仅是普希金塑造的一个人物,更是普希金潜意识中的女性一面,折射出普希金的生命追求和人格魅力。

  14. Avaliação das alterações do fluido crevicular gengival drenado de tecidos gengivais clinicamente normais submetidos à laser em baixa intensidade: estudo em anima nóbile

    OpenAIRE

    Livio de Barros Silveira

    2008-01-01

    Nesta area da periodontia em que se situam os tecidos gengivais, a circulacao sanguinea periferica do periodonto e o liquido sulcular gengival (proveniente do sulco gengival) sao as duas importantes barreiras imunologicas que atuam na defesa dessa regiao, que e, por excelencia, a porta de entrada e instalacao da doenca periodontal. O presente estudo objetiva avaliar a utilizacao de uma conduta conservadora, nao invasiva, de ativacao da barreira imunologica contra a instalacao da doenca period...

  15. Ragusan merchants and the Crusades in the Late Middle Ages. Financial support for the war and bequests pro anima... “ad pasagium turchorum seu saracenorum, et alliud super patarenos Bosnie”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romano, Daniela

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Ragusan wills of 13th and 14th centuries reveal peculiar and unsuspected aspects about armed pilgrimages by proxy in the Balkans. The struggle against infedeles and heretics propagandized by the Roman Church finds financial support and full agreement in Dubrovnik citizens, also thanks to the Franciscan and Dominican preaching. Nobles, merchants, clerics and priests, craftsmen, men and women, they are all ready to take part in the Just war. Anyway they would fight only on the condition of leaving a sum of money to those who would fight for their souls’ salvation.

    I testamenti ragusei del XIII e XIV secolo rivelano aspetti particolari e per nulla indagati sul pellegrinaggio armato per procura in area balcanica. La lotta agli infedeles e agli eretici messa in atto dalla Chiesa di Roma trova sostegno economico e piena adesione nei cittadini di Dubrovnik, città-stato baluardo della cristianità più a levante, anche grazie alla campagna pubblicistica attuata da francescani e domenicani. Nobili, mercanti, chierici e preti, artigiani, uomini e donne partecipano alla giusta guerra, prevedendo lasciti per uomini che combatteranno per la salvezza delle anime dei testatori.

  16. Loss of "Liberty" and Source of Equality——Tocqueville's Views on Nobility and Reign in Old Regime%"自由"的丧失和平等的起源——托克维尔论旧制度时代的贵族和王权

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄艳红

    2006-01-01

    托克维尔把贵族看作制约绝对王权、保障自由的天然屏障,但旧制度末年的法国贵族已经丧失了政治上的生气;特权等级观念、同政治生活和农民的隔绝使他们的权利和义务失去了平衡,使他们成为了社会的赘物;与此同时,绝对主义王权垄断了一切政治生活,锻造了一个人们日益要求平等的社会,但其代价是自由精神的丧失和空想政治的产生.

  17. Fall of Nobility and Rise of Literature:The Downward Mobility of Scholars in the Eastern Han Dynasty and the Significance of Writing History%“游”的下行与“文”的上升--论东汉士人流动的下行趋势及其文章史意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨霞

    2015-01-01

    The mobility of scholars in the Eastern Han Dynasty shows a downward trend compared with that of scholars in the Warring States period and the Western Han Dynasty. Its characteristics are as follows:lots of scholars chose to study away from home regardless of their origins; places for study were extended to rural or remote areas;more scholars regarded acquiring knowledge as their objective instead of taking an official career. The downward mobility of scholars led to the emergence of writing groups and new changes of literary genres, hence a boom in writing articles in the Eastern Han Dynas-ty. With the mobility of myriad scholars and the formation of writing groups, there were an increasing number of non-practical articles characterized by the strengthening of lyrical function. Thus, literature gradually separated from historiography and the study of Confucian classics, and became independent in a real sense.%东汉士人的流动相对战国、西汉时期的士人流动呈现出“下行”趋势,具体表现为游学群体的“平民化”、游学地点的“民间化”和游学目的的“俗世化”。士人流动、士人流动的“下行”促成了文章写作群体的生成与文章体裁的新变,并带来了东汉文章写作的繁荣。伴随着大量士人的流动与写作群体的生成,非实用类文章也日渐增多,表现为文章抒情功能的提升。后世所言的真正的“文学”这一意识形态,日益脱离史学、经学而走向自觉与独立,最终促成了“文”的上升。

  18. Nobility and Simplicity The Differences between the l7 -Century Flemish and Dutch Art and Their Causes%富贵华丽与质朴凝练的撞击——17世纪佛兰德斯与荷兰美术的差异及成因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张磊

    2007-01-01

    @@ 当尼德兰进入文艺复兴盛期的16世纪到来之时,它同时也成为了西班牙的属地.但由于这个"低地之国"北临北海的优越地理位置,当欧洲商业中心由地中海转向大西洋之时,尼德兰经济也得到快速发展,成为欧洲政治、经济、文化发达地区.

  19. 场域的力量:高校位置分层的社会学分析——兼论布尔迪厄《国家精英》%Strength of Field:Sociological Analysis for University "Position" Lamination——On "The State Nobility" by Pierre Bourdieu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石娟

    2010-01-01

    高校场域中的位置分层是各种资本数量、质量、结构所带来的必然结果,同时场域中的相应位置又会带来一定的资本.即经济资本、文化资本和社会资本,由此可见场域之间是有差异的,这种差异表现为高校之间和内部学业机制的差异.同时高校场域与外部的权利场域通过相互交融以及高校场域内部此消彼长的互动,促使高校运作机制更为有效.

  20. Plastiliinivõlur Peter Lord / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    PÖFFi animafilmide festivali "Animated Dreams" ja Nukufilmi 50. juubeli külaline, Bristolis asuva kuulsa Aardman Studio asutajaid ja režissöör Peter Lord oma stuudiost. Lisaks "Jumal on suur animaator, animaator on väike jumal"

  1. Õukondlik mäng võiks jääda õukonna asjaks / Olavi Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Olavi, 1950-

    2001-01-01

    Kuressaare kunstisuve põhjal vastuolust kriitikute ja kuraatorite ning kunstipubliku vahel. Kunstipubliku eelistustest. Näiteks toodud Margit Joonase näitus "Idealism ja nostalgia", Terje Ojaveri isiknäitus, tema kureeritud näitus "Anima(a)l" ja skulptuurid sellel näitusel Kuressaare linnuses, Anne Tootmaa kureeritud maakunstisündmus.

  2. Algas "Kunstisuvi 2001"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    2. juunist Kuressaare Raegaleriis Sirje Eelma kureeritud gotlandi ja eesti kunstnike (loetletud) fotode, installatsioonide ja maalide näitus "Avatud akende päevad" ning Kuressaare linnuses Terje Ojaveri kureeritud "Anima(a)l" (osalejaid). 16. juunist Pärnu Linnagaleriis rahvusvaheline väikegraafika näitus "Midigrafik II", mille aukülaliseks on Norra (osalejaid).

  3. Nature in Hotel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Marriott International and Conservation International recently partnered up to form Nobility of Nature, an ambitious program providing grants to sustainable conservation efforts for preserving fresh water sources in China. The first such initiative was to provide

  4. Purple%颜色文化——紫色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Royalty and Spirituality 高贵与信仰 Purple is royalty. A mysterious color, purple is associated with both nobility and spirituality. The opposites of hot red and cool blue combine to create this intriguing color.

  5. Environ: E00284 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available fficinale [TAX:142615], Dendrobium nobile [TAX:94219] Ruscaceae (lily-of-the-valley family) Dendrobium stem ...Crude drugs [BR:br08305] Monocot plants Ruscaceae (lily-of-the-valley family) E00284 Dendrobium ...

  6. Jõmmu näitab filme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Emajõe Lodjaselts, Kinobuss ja PÖFF korraldavad Tartu tudengipäevadel Hansalodjas Jõmmu filmivaatamisi levis harvanähtavate filmidega (tudengifilmid, anima- ja lühifilmid, eksperimendid). 21.okt. on kavas ka hittfilm "Meeletu"

  7. 76 FR 12992 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    ... San Juan County Animas Forks, (Mining Industry in Colorado, MPS) Address Restricted, Silverton, 11000095 Minnie Gulch Cabins, (Mining Industry in Colorado, MPS) Address Restricted, Silverton, 11000096 Placer Gulch Boarding House, (Mining Industry in Colorado, MPS) Address Restricted, San Juan,...

  8. Identification of positional candidate genes for response to crowding stress in rainbow trout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fish under intensive rearing conditions experience various stressors which have negative impacts on survival, growth, reproduction and fillet quality. Identifying and characterizing the molecular mechanisms underlying stress responses will facilitate the development of strategies for improving anima...

  9. Preliminary evidence that ketamine inhibits spreading depolarizations in acute human brain injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sakowitz, Oliver W; Kiening, Karl L; Krajewski, Kara L

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spreading depolarizations, characterized by large propagating, slow potential changes, have been demonstrated with electrocorticography in patients with cerebral hemorrhage and ischemic stroke. Whereas spreading depolarizations are harmless under normal conditions in anima...

  10. [Archetypal aspects of aging: from Eros to Thanatos].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez Urdániz, A; Bueno Carrera, G; Santos García, J M; Molina Ramos, R; Rubio Larrosa, V

    1999-01-01

    From a Junguian point of view, the different archetypal roles of the aging process, along the life cycle, are studied: eros, puer, logos, hero, persona, mascara, anima, animus, king, warrior, magician, lover, mother, virgin, afrodite, witch, self, senex, shadow, tanatos.

  11. "Animateek" näitab Kumus Oscariga pärjatud nukufilmi "Petja ja hunt" / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Animaürituste sari "Animateek" tähistab täna rahvusvahelist animapäeva, näidates Suzie Templetoni animafilmi (32 min) Sergei Prokofjevi muusikateose alusel "Petja ja hunt" : Suurbritannia - Norra - Poola 2006

  12. Tšehhi animafilmi lipp püsib kõrgel / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali alafestivali "Animated Dreams" peakülaline on oma kaheksast filmist koosneva retrospektiiviga tšehhi animaator Michaela Pavlatova. Lisatud : Priit Pärn "Soovitan!"

  13. Animatsioon ei hammusta

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali alafestival "Animated Dreams" ja seal esinevad külalised : tšehhi animaator Michaela Pavlatova, Chris J. Robinson Kanadast, Anna Doyle Suurbritanniast. Lisatud animafestivali ajakava

  14. Epigenetic Effects of Di(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epidemiological and laboratory investigations suggest that, in addition to genetic changes, environmental pollutants can affect human health through altering epigenetic mechanisms including DNA methylation, histone modification, and microRNA expression. There is evidence in anima...

  15. Mutanttulnukad ja festivalid pimedas öös / Bill Plympton ; interv. Mikk Rand, tõlk. Elen Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Plympton, Bill

    2002-01-01

    USA animaator, illustraator ja karikaturist Bill Plympton (1946), kelle animafilm "Mutanttulnukad" ("Mutant Aliens") osales Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil 2001. aasta detsembris. Vestlus toimus samal festivalil. Lisatud filmograafia

  16. Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection is more severe in Th2 responding BALB/c mice compared to Th1 responding C3H/HeN mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moser, C; Johansen, H K; Song, Z;

    1997-01-01

    The chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by a pronounced antibody response and microcolonies surrounded by numerous polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). Poor prognosis is correlated with a high antibody response to P. aeruginosa antigens. An anima...

  17. Andres Tenusaar näitab teise korruse filme / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2006-01-01

    Nukufilmi animaator Andres Tenusaar organiseerib Kanuti Gildi saali teisel korrusel filmirogrammi "Teise korruse filmid" näitamist, kuhu kuuluvad noorte filmitegijate eksperimentaalse suunitlusega filmid, näiteks tema enda "Olematu olek", Martin Sookaela "Üksi"

  18. Toyavita Piavuhuru Koroin ’Canyon of Mother Earth’ Ethnohistory and Native American Religious Concerns in the Fort Carson - Pinon Canyon Maneuver Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-10

    rises in the Sangre de Cristo range, I and the headwaters of the Rio Grande. This pre-reservation range overlapped with that of the Taos Pueblo Indians...river was commonly called the El Rio de Las Animas Perdidas en Purgatorio, Las Animas, Purgatory, Purgatoire, Picket-Wirei and Picketwire. The original...et al. 1974:183). The Jicarilla Apache ethnic origin account considers the Arkansas, Canadian, Rio Grande and Pecos Rivers sacred streams the Creator

  19. "Kunstisuvi 2001"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Kuressaare Raegaleriis 2. VI-15. VII eesti & gotlandi kunstnike näitus "Avatud akende päevad". Nädalalõppudel öösiti valguskuuldemäng "Akende öö Kuressaare raekojas". Kuraator Sirje Eelma. Kuressaare linnuses 2.-30. VI rahvusvaheline näitus "Anima(a)l". Kuraator Terje Ojaver. Pärnu Linnagaleriis 16. VI-29. VII "Midigrafik II"

  20. The EcoIogicaI HeaIth of Breeding AnimaI Products QuaIity and Safety Prob-Lems in Economics%生态健康养殖畜禽产品质量安全的经济学问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆昌华; 储新民; 胡肄农; 甘泉; 孙友珍; 谭业平; 郁达威; 臧一天; 刘亮; 田景福

    2015-01-01

    为保障畜禽产品有效供给和公共卫生安全,以稳步提升我国动物卫生安全水平为目标,文章采用动物卫生经济学思路,认为我国畜禽养殖的多元化经营存在着与规模经济理论相悖的情况。在描述和分析动物疫病及其畜禽产品供应链上质量安全监管机制的同时,阐述国外畜禽产品质量安全研究概况。针对国内畜禽养殖业发展阶段与管理现状,指出我国畜禽安全管理的最薄弱环节是生产阶段。我国面临着对安全、优质畜禽产品市场及出口需求与众多分散、无组织的小规模家庭生产矛盾。探讨生态健康养殖畜禽产品质量安全的经济学问题,剖析了影响畜禽产品销售利润的因素。结合某养猪场的案例,从兽医角度与经济角度2个方面考虑,对疫病防控做成本—收益实证分析。最后提出解决畜禽及其产品质量安全问题的建议。%In order to ensure the effec-tive supply of animal products and pub-lic health safety, this article introduced the basic concepts and methods of ani-mal economics to analysis the contrary situation of the diversification livestock and scale economic theory. Additionally, the animal diseases and livestock prod-ucts quality supply chain and safety su-pervision mechanism were described and analyzed, while foreign animal product quality and safety research were overviewed. In view of the present situa-tion of development and management of livestock, pointed out that the weakest point of the livestock products quality in Chi na is the livestock production stage. China is facing market and export de-mand for safety, high quality of animal products with a number of scattered, un-organized small family production con-tradiction. The factors that affect animal products sales profit and the economics problems of animal products quality and safety were analyzed. Combined with the case of a pig farm, from the perspective of veterinary and economic to consider an empirical analysis of disease preven-tion and control cost-benefit.At last,some suggestions were put forward on sloving animal products quality and safety prob-lems.

  1. 《哈利·波特与阿兹卡班囚徒》中动物意象解析--基于图形-背景的理论视角%AnaLysis of the AnimaL Images of Harry potter and the prisoner of Azkaban Based on“Figure_Ground”Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐汉谷; 李金妹

    2015-01-01

    The spread and prevalence of Harry porter novels in the world has formed a kind of cultural phenomenon. The“figure_ground”theory produced from the psychology can not only be used for the interpretation of language,but also be used for cogni_tive interpretation of literary works. Based on“figure _ground”theory,the animal images of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban are analyzed and the narrative craftsmanship of the novel is illustrated.%哈利·波特系列小说在全世界范围内的传播和流行已经形成一种文化现象。产生于心理学的图形—背景理论不仅可用于对语言的解读,也可用于对文学作品进行认知解读。基于图形—背景理论视角,对《哈利·波特与阿兹卡班囚徒》中的动物意象进行解析,阐释小说叙事的匠心所在。

  2. Corrosion evaluation of gold-based dental alloys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corso, P P; German, R M; Simmons, H D

    1985-05-01

    Three commercial gold-based dental alloys and three constant-nobility ternary alloys (Au-Ag-Cu) were evaluated for corrosion using a quantitative test battery. Integration of the current density, in a de-aerated solution of 1% NaCl along the approximate potential range found in the mouth (-300 mV to +300 mV vs. SCE), yields a quantitative rank ordering of the test alloys. The results are combined with prior findings on other commercial alloys to demonstrate the interaction of nobility and microstructure. Nobility determines the overall corrosion resistance for gold-based alloys. However, because of mutual insolubility, alloying with copper induces silver segregation, resulting in a higher corrosion rate at a given nobility. Thus, microstructure has an influence on corrosion, but heat treatments are largely ineffective in altering the basic corrosion characteristics. The test techniques, in combination with tarnish evaluations, provide a quantitative battery for alloy evaluation. The results indicate the combinations of nobility, microstructure, and environment most likely to avoid corrosion difficulties.

  3. Nobles and monks: the Osorios from Villafranca and the monasteries in El Bierzo (14th-15th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregoria Cavero Domínguez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the Middle Ages, in the northwest of the present day province of León, there occurred a special alliance between the nobility, represented by the Osorios, from the Count House of Lemos, and the traditional monasticism and mendicant friars. The powerful nobility would reach the peak of their economic growth and find a place for the eternal rest of their members in the numerous Bierzo monastic centres, whether male or female, urban or rural, like Santa María de Carracedo and San Francisco de Villafranca, among others.

  4. Presentación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Castañeda de la Paz

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the last couple of years the situation of the colonial Mesoamerican indigenous nobility is gaining more and more importance in ethohistorical research. This article follows these same lines as its objective is to offer a view of the mechanisms with which this nobility responded to the enormous changes provoked by the conquest until their incorporation in the new colonial order designed by the Spaniards. I will analize the strategies that were used by these nobles to become part of this new order, trying to maintain their social position and way of life.

  5. Tarnish behavior of palladium-indium-silver alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, H.S. [Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, S.Y.; Lee, K.H.; Shin, M.C.; Dzo, M.H. [Korea Institute Science and Technology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to give a quantitative analysis for assessing the tarnish resistance of alloys at the artificial saliva, 0.9% NaCl solution and Ringer`s solution. In light of development in low-nobility alloys, it is important that tarnish test is standardized to analyse the tarnish properties of the compositions. There are concerns with the long term chemical stability f these alloys and the resistance to tarnish. Chemical stability is a complex problem involving alloy composition, nobility, microstructure and environment.

  6. Evaluation of geothermal potential of the basin and range province of New Mexico. Technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Landis, G.P.; Callender, J.F.; Elston, W.E.; Jiracek, G.R.; Kudo, A.M.; Woodward, L.A.; Swanberg, C.A.

    1976-06-01

    This continuing research is designed to provide an integrated geological, geophysical, and geochemical study of the geothermal energy potential of promising thermal anomalies in the Rio Grande rift, Basin and Range province, the Mogollon--Datil volcanic field of New Mexico. Specific objectives undertaken in this study include the following: (a) reconnaissance and detailed geologic mapping (Animas Valley, Radium Springs, Alum Mountain, Truth or Consequences, Ojo Caliente, Albuquerque---Belene basin, and San Ysidro); (b) geochemical studies including reconnaissance water sampling (Animas Valley, Radium Springs and Alum Mountain); and (c) geophysical surveys using deep electric-resistivity, gravity, and magnetic techniques (Radium Springs, Animas Valley and Truth or Consequences). The results of one and one-half summer field seasons and approximately two years of analytical work, laboratory research, and development of research equipment and facilities are covered. Publications, communications, and public service resulting from the first years of U.S.G.S. and State funding are listed in Appendix A.

  7. 8 CFR 337.1 - Oath of allegiance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... a public ceremony held within the United States the following oath of allegiance, to a copy of which... discharge the obligations of the oath of allegiance, and that his or her attitude toward the Constitution... affirmation in public an express renunciation of such title or order of nobility, in the following form: (1)...

  8. De Beaufort, een aanzienlijke familie tijdens de Republiek, de Bataafs-Franse tijd en het Koninkrijk 1613-1876

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Melchers, R.R.J.

    2014-01-01

    In 1613 Pierre de Beaufort aged 18, left the French town of Sedan for the Dutch Republic. At his death in 1661 in Hulst he had become a man of distinction. More than 200 years later on 30 May 1868 his direct descendant Pieter de Beaufort received from the Hoge Raad van Adel (High Court of Nobility)

  9. ChinAfrica presents selected Chinese cities with a brief introduction about what makes them interesting, and what makes them tick

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luo yang

    2012-01-01

    THE peony,lauded as the "queen of flowers," is a traditional floral symbol in China. Due to its large size it represents principles like wealth and nobility. In 1903,the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) declared the peony China's national flower.

  10. A new species of Trichopeltarion A. Milne-Edwards, 1880, from the Southwestern Atlantic (Crustacea: Brachyura: Atelecyclidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Tavares

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Trichopeltarion A. Milne-Edwards, 1880, is described from off coast of Brazil, namely Trichopeltarion pezzutoi n. sp. The new species is compared to its Atlantic congeners, Trichopeltarion nobile A. Milne-Edwards, 1880, and Trichopeltarion intesi (Crosnier, 1981. The record of T. nobile from Brazil should actually be attributed to T. pezzutoi n. sp. The differences between the genera Trichopeltarion and Peltarion Jacquinot, 1847 are discussed.Uma nova espécie do gênero Trichopeltarion A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 coligida no talude continental brasileiro é descrita e ilustrada, nomeadamente Trichopeltarion pezzutoi n. sp. A nova espécie é comparada às suas congêneres do oceano Atlântico, Trichopeltarion nobile A. Milne-Edwards, 1880 e Trichopeltarion intesi (Crosnier, 1981. O registro de T. nobile para o Brasil deve ser atribuído à T. pezzutoi n. sp. São discutidas as diferenças entre os gêneros Trichopeltarion e Peltarion Jacquinot, 1847.

  11. Nuclear Strategy and National Style. Volume 2. Appendices. National Strategic Style: Country Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-31

    Needless to say, if Vercingetorix is relevant, so is Charlemagne and so are the numerous medieval kings of France. The French still take pride in the...battle of Bouvines (1214), where King Philippe II Auguste defeated the Holy Roman Emperor and the King of England; still mourn the dead nobility of

  12. Home Education in Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staroverova, T. I.

    2011-01-01

    From the eighteenth through the early twentieth centuries, home education (home schooling) by tutors and governesses in Russia was a customary form of schooling for an overwhelming majority of members of the nobility. Social and political transformations of the twentieth century led to substantial changes as the state got actively involved with…

  13. Dancetime! 500 Years of Social Dance. Volume I: 15th-19th Centuries. [Videotape].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teten, Carol

    This VHS videotape recording is the first in a two-volume series that presents 500 years of social dance, music, and fashion. It focuses on the 15th-19th centuries, including Renaissance nobility, Baroque extravagance, Regency refinement, and Victorian romanticism. Each era reflects the changing relationships between men and women through the…

  14. Human fatigue and the crash of the airship Italia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregg A. Bendrick

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The airship Italia, commanded by General Umberto Nobile, crashed during its return flight from the North Pole in 1928. The cause of the accident was never satisfactorily explained. We present evidence that the crash may have been fatigue-related. Nobile's memoirs indicate that at the time of the crash he had been awake for at least 72 h. Sleep deprivation impairs multiple aspects of cognitive functioning necessary for exploration missions. Just prior to the crash, Nobile made three command errors, all of which are of types associated with inadequate sleep. First, he ordered a release of lift gas when he should have restarted engines (an example of incorrect data synthesis, with deterioration of divergent thinking; second, he inappropriately ordered the ship above the cloud layer (a deficiency in the assessment of relative risks; and third, he remained above the cloud layer for a prolonged period of time (examples of attention to secondary problems, and calculation problems. We argue that as a result of these three errors, which would not be expected from such an experienced commander, there was no longer enough static lift to maintain level flight when the ship went below the cloud layer. Applying Circadian Performance Simulation Software to the sleep–wake patterns described by Nobile in his memoirs, we found that the predicted performance for someone awake as long as he had been is extremely low. This supports the historical evidence that human fatigue contributed to the crash of the Italia.

  15. Isolation and identification of endophytic and mycorrhizal fungi from seeds and roots of Dendrobium (Orchidaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Juan; Wang, Hui; Guo, Shun-Xing

    2012-05-01

    The seed germination of orchids under natural conditions requires association with mycorrhizal fungi. Dendrobium nobile and Dendrobium chrysanthum are threatened orchid species in China where they are considered medicinal plants. For conservation and application of Dendrobium using symbiosis technology, we isolated culturable endophytic and mycorrhizal fungi colonized in the protocorms and adult roots of two species plants and identified them by morphological and molecular analyses (5.8S and nrLSU). Of the 127 endophytic fungi isolated, 11 Rhizoctonia-like strains were identified as Tulasnellales (three strains from protocorms of D. nobile), Sebacinales (three strains from roots of D. nobile and two strains from protocorms of D. chrysanthum) and Cantharellales (three strains from roots of D. nobile), respectively. In addition, species of Xylaria, Fusarium, Trichoderma, Colletotrichum, Pestalotiopsis, and Phomopsis were the predominant non-mycorrhizal fungi isolated, and their probable ecological roles in the Dendrobium plants are discussed. These fungal resources will be of great importance for the large-scale cultivation of Dendrobium plants using symbiotic germination technology and for the screening of bioactive metabolites from them in the future.

  16. The love emblem applied

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boot, P.; Boot, P.; Stronks, E.

    2007-01-01

    What could be a more fitting environment for love emblems than the bedroom walls in a Renaissance family castle? A bedroom redecorated on the occasion of a wedding in the highest circles of French nobility? Where a series of emblems was rearranged to tell the story of a love, ending in an embrace th

  17. Un caso d’amor fou nella società aristocratica genovese del secolo XVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfranco Bettin Lattes

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Perché nel cuore del centro storico di Genova esiste una “piazza dell’amor perfetto”? Sullo sfondo delle tumultuose vicende politiche del secolo XVI la passione, altrettanto tumultuosa, di Tommasina Spinola, nobile genovese, per Luigi XII, Re di Francia, trasforma l’amore in tragedia.

  18. Courtyard Charm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    MENTION the dwellings of oldBeijing and most people think of themansions of the nobility and siheyuan.But in fact most Beijingers live insimple,ordinary houses with small,quiet and tidy courtyards.For hundredsof years it was such courtyards,countless siheyuan,splendid palaces

  19. Basic study of magnetic microwires for sensor applications: Variety of magnetic structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chizhik, Alexander; Zhukov, Arcady; Gonzalez, Julian; Stupakiewicz, Andrzej

    2017-01-01

    We examine magnetic glass-coated microwires used for magnetic sensors. Images of domain structures and magnetization reversal were obtained with magneto-optical Kerr microscopy. Of particular importance were temperature-induced transformations of surface magnetic structures. Different surface magnetic domains coexist, characterized by various domain periods, magnetization directions, and nobilities of domain walls.

  20. NATO and Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durand, Henry

    1988-01-01

    Outlines the Third Dimension of NATO. Presses for increased efforts to overcome the disparity in the rate of scientific development among the countries of the alliance. Discusses scientific nobility, the rise of European science, science for stability, environmental protection, and the changed scientific climate. (CW)

  1. FAUNA POLIPARAZITARĂ A MAMIFERELOR SĂLBATICE DIN REZERVAŢIA NATURALĂ „CODRII” DIN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ştefan RUSU

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Studiul parazitofaunei la mamiferele sălbatice din Rezervaţia Naturală „Codrii”, Republica Moldova, a pus în evi­denţă un nivel înalt de infestare a lor cu fasciole, dicrocelii, strongiloizi, protişti. Cerbul-nobil (Cervus elaphus Linaeus, 1758 era infestat cu Dicrocoelium lanceolatum (12,8%, Fasciola hepatica (9,5%, larve de strongiloizi (88,0% şi oochişti de Eimeria spp. (28,2%; cerbul-cu-pete (Cervus nippon Temminsk, 1838 – cu D. lanceolatum (14,9%, F. hepatica (10,2%, larve de strongiloizi (79,8%, oochişti de Eimeria spp. (22,4%; căpriorul (Capreolus capreolus Linaeus, 1758 – cu D. lanceolatum (20,1%, F. hepatica (3,2%, larve de strongiloizi (89,4% şi oochişti de Eimeria spp. (38,1%. La mistreţ s-a constatat un nivel de infestare cu Dicrocoelium lanceolatum în 3,6% cazuri, larve de Stron­gy­loides ransomi – în 72,3% cazuri, Metastrongylus elongatus – în 87,5% cazuri şi cu Eimeria spp. – în 46,3% cazuri. La Iepurele-de-câmp s-a constatat un nivel de infestare cu D. lanceolatum în 28,2% cazuri şi cu Strongyloides papillosus – în 59,4% cazuri. Nivelul înalt de infestare a mamiferelor sălbatice cu diverşi agenţi parazitari demonstrează încă o dată că ele participă la menţinerea lanţului epizootic al acestor maladii şi au un rol important la infestarea omului şi a anima­lelor domestice. Prin urmare, este strict necesar ca maladiile parazitare la animalele sălbatice să fie anual monitorizate, stabilind în acest mod evoluţia lor, apariţia unor noi agenţi parazitari şi elaborarea măsurilor de combatere a acestora. POLIPARASITIC FAUNA OF WILD MAMMALS INHABITING NATURAL RESERVATION “COdrii” in THE Republic OF MOldovaThe study on parasitic fauna in wild mammals from natural reservation “Codrii” in Republic of Moldova has revealed the high level of their infestation with fascicles, dicrocelium, strongiles and protista. The red deer (Cervus elaphus Linaeus, 1758 have been infested

  2. 77 FR 61783 - National Register of Historic Places; Notification of Pending Nominations and Related Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    ..., (Rock Art Sites of the Angeles National Forest, California) Address Restricted, Agua Dulce, 12000859...), 12000873 NEW MEXICO Santa Fe County Baumann, Jane and Gustave, House and Studio, 409 Camino de Las Animas, Santa Fe, 12000875 NEW YORK Essex County Putnam Camp, 1196 NY 73, Saint Huberts, 12000876...

  3. Formalised review of environmental enrichment for pigs in relation to political decision making

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bracke, M.B.M.; Zonderland, J.J.; Lenskens, P.; Schouten, W.G.P.; Vermeer, H.M.; Spoolder, H.A.M.; Hendriks, H.J.M.; Hopster, H.

    2006-01-01

    The EC Directive 2001/93/EC states that: ¿Pigs must have permanent access to a sufficient quantity of material to enable proper investigation and manipulation activities, such as straw, hay, wood, sawdust, mushroom compost, peat or a mixture of such, which does not compromise the health of the anima

  4. Development of Studies on Relationship between Astronomical Phenomena and Natural Disasters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HanYanben; DongGuoxuan; ZhaoJuan; MaLihua

    2003-01-01

    Living and progress are the two main motifs of the human society. The security of anima and property of the human is imperiled by frequent natural disasters. Natural disaster is one of main factors restricting development and advancement of the the society. The physical process of gestation and happen of natural disasters is complex and the process is affected by many factors.

  5. Diet and distribution of elephant in the Maputo Elephant Reserve, Mozambique

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, WF; Ntumi, CP; Correia, AU; Mafuca, JM

    2000-01-01

    The distribution and diet of the elephants of the Maputo Elephant Reserve were studied using dung counts, satellite tracking and faecal analysis. The results were compared with earlier data from before the civil war in Mozambique. The elephant population decreased during the civil war, but 180 anima

  6. Tooth movement characteristics in relation to root resorption in young and adult rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ren, Yijin; Maltha, Jaap C.; Kuijpers-Jagtman, Anne Marie

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate tooth movement characteristics in relation to root resorption in young and adult rats. Two groups of 30 rats each (aged 6 wk and 9-12 months, respectively) were used. Standardized orthodontic appliances were placed to move the maxillary molars mesially. Anima

  7. АРХЕТИПИЧЕСКИЕ ОБРАЗЫ В ТВОРЧЕСТВЕ МОЛОДЫХ ПОЭТОВ Г. ПЕНЗЫ

    OpenAIRE

    Терёхина, Л.

    2010-01-01

    The archetypal images, that representative the archetypes of the Self, Great Mother, Anima, Animus, Trickster, Shadow, Eternal Youth, Wise Old Man, Wise Old Woman and Hero, mat are founded in poems of young poets of Penza city are classified in the article. Their ratio and correlation of frequency that's images using with some features of contemporary social-psychological and sociocultural situation are cleared.

  8. Transgenesis and animal welfare : implications of transgenic procedures for the well-being of the laboratory mice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meer, Miriam van der

    2002-01-01

    Transgenic animals play an important role in biomedical research. Their use as animal model is still increasing. Although the process of transgenesis may contribute to refinement of animal use, the application of the biotechnological procedures that are involved in the production of transgenic anima

  9. Individuation:an Analysis of Passing Based on Jung`s Archetypes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Ya-fei

    2013-01-01

    This paper tries to interpreter Passing on the basis of Jungian archetypes. First this paper gives a brief introduction to Jung`s concept of individuation, then it analyses the archetypes:shadow, anima/animus, and persona of the individual respectively so that it shows that the individual has been through the process of individuation and finds her real self at last.

  10. Over de musculatuur van de pars intramularis tubae fallopii en haar functionele betekenis.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vasen, Ludwig Christiaan Leon Marie

    1959-01-01

    Frequent attempts have been made to discover in the region of the pars intramuralis tubae a sphinctermechanism, which might impede or even prevent the passage of noxious material from the lumen of the uterus to the abdominal cavity. Considerable time ago, anatomical structures were observed in anima

  11. Standardisation of environmental enrichment for laboratory mice and rats: Utilisation, practicality and variation in experimental results

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baumans, V.; Loo, P.L.P. van; Pham, T.M.

    2010-01-01

    Rats and mice are the most commonly used species as laboratory animal models of diseases in biomedical research. Environmental factors such as cage size, number of cage mates and cage structure such as environmental enrichment can affect the physiology and behavioural development of laboratory anima

  12. 7 CFR 407.10 - Group risk plan for barley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... intent to be harvested as grain; and (d) Not planted into an established grass or legume, interplanted..., Elbert, El Paso, Pueblo, Las Animas Counties, Colorado and all Colorado Counties south and east thereof...; California; and Clark and Nye Counties, Nevada October 31 June 30. All Colorado counties except Kit...

  13. Diet and distribution of elephants in the Maputo Elephant Reserve

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, de W.F.; Ntumi, C.; Correia, A.; Mafuca, J.

    2000-01-01

    The distribution and diet of the elephants of the Maputo Elephant Reserve were studied using dung counts, satellite tracking and faecal analysis. The results were compared with earlier data from before the civil war in Mozambique. The elephant population decreased during the civil war, but 180 anima

  14. Altered Axial Skeletal Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    The axial skeleton is routinely examined in standard developmental toxicity bioassays and has proven to be sensitive to a wide variety of chemical agents. Dysmorphogenesis in the skull, vertebral column and ribs has been described in both human populations and in laboratory anima...

  15. Head animapäeva soovivad Petja ja hunt / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Animaürituste sari "Animateek" tähistab täna rahvusvahelist animapäeva, näidates Suzie Templetoni animafilmi (32 min) Sergei Prokofjevi muusikateose alusel "Petja ja hunt" : Suurbritannia - Norra - Poola 2006. Filmi tutvustab üks selle juhtanimaatoreid Krzysztof Brzozowski

  16. Pöördumatusse animatsioonihaigusesse nakatumise oht! / Heilika Võsu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Võsu, Heilika

    2006-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali alafestivali "Animated Dreams" ajaloost, žüriist, auhinnatud filmidest. Rahvusvahelise võistlusprogrammi grand prix' ja koos sellega kuju Puust Hunt võitis USA-s elav vene animaator Igor Kovaljov animatsiooniga "Piim"

  17. PÖFF-i animafestivali võitis venelane Igor Kovaljov / A. R.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    A. R.

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali alafestivali "Animated Dreams" rahvusvahelise võistlusprogrammi grand prix' ja koos sellega kuju Puust Hunt võitis USA-s elav vene animaator Igor Kovaljov animatsiooniga "Piim". Priit Tenderi joonisfilm "Sõnum naabritele" valiti välja Balti- ja Põhjamaade animafilmi võistlusprogrammi

  18. Development and validation of a method for the determination of sub-additive levels of virginiamycin in compound animal feeds by liquid chromatography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hajee, C.A.J.; Rhijn, van J.A.; Lasaroms, J.J.P.; Keukens, H.J.; Jong, de J.

    2001-01-01

    A method for the detection of virginiamycin M1 as a marker compound of virginiamycin at sub-additive level in pig, calf, piglet, sow, poultry, cattle and laying hen feeds was developed and validated. Both UV detection at 230 nm and MS detection were applied. Virginiamycin M1 was extracted from anima

  19. Trends and the effect of management on macronutrients in fractionated particulate matter in rooster house

    Science.gov (United States)

    The persistence and long life expectancy of ammonia, odors and toxic pollutants from poultry houses may be due to the ability of suspended particulate matters (SPM) to serve as carriers for odorous compounds such as ammonium ions and volatile organic compounds. SPM is generated from the feed, anima...

  20. Molecular cloning and partial characterization of a plant VAP33 homologue with a major sperm protein domain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laurent, F.; Labesse, G.; Wit, de P.

    2000-01-01

    In a search for proteins interacting with the resistance protein Cf9 from tomato, a new cDNA was cloned and characterized. Protein sequence database searches suggested that the 120 residue-N terminal domain of the encoded protein (named VAP27) is highly similar to the VAP33 protein family from anima

  1. Increased oxytocin concentrations and prosocial feelings in humans after ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dumont, G J H; Sweep, F C G J; van der Steen, R; Hermsen, R; Donders, A R T; Touw, D J; van Gerven, J M A; Buitelaar, J K; Verkes, R J

    2009-01-01

    MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or "ecstasy") is a recreationally used drug with remarkable and characteristic prosocial effects. In spite of abundant attention in the scientific literature, the mechanism of its prosocial effects has not been elucidated in humans. Recently, research in anima

  2. Increased oxytocin concentrations and prosocial feelings in humans after ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) administration.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dumont, G.J.H.; Sweep, C.G.J.; Steen, R. van der; Hermsen, R.; Donders, A.R.T.; Touw, D.J.; Gerven, J.M. van; Buitelaar, J.K.; Verkes, R.J.

    2009-01-01

    MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or "ecstasy") is a recreationally used drug with remarkable and characteristic prosocial effects. In spite of abundant attention in the scientific literature, the mechanism of its prosocial effects has not been elucidated in humans. Recently, research in anima

  3. Antimicrobial resistance in methicillin susceptible and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius of canine origin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moodley, Arshnee; Damborg, Peter Panduro; Nielsen, Søren Saxmose

    2014-01-01

    Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a commensal and a common opportunistic pathogen causing mainly infections of the integumentary system in dogs. The recent emergence of multidrug-resistant S. pseudintermedius isolates, in particular methicillin-resistant strains (MRSP) is a threat to small anima...

  4. The Workshop on Animal Botulism in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Skarin, H.; Tevell Aberg, A.; Woudstra, C.; Hansen, T.; Löfström, Ch.; Koene, M.G.J.; Bano, L.; Hedeland, M.; Anniballi, F.; Medici, De D.; Olsson Engvall, E.

    2013-01-01

    A workshop on animal botulism was held in Uppsala, Sweden, in June 2012. Its purpose was to explore the current status of the disease in Europe by gathering the European experts in animal botulism and to raise awareness of the disease among veterinarians and others involved in biopreparedness. Anima

  5. Small organ size contributes to the slow pace of life in tropical birds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wiersma, Popko; Nowak, Brittany; Williams, Joseph B.

    2012-01-01

    Attributes of an animal's life history, such as reproductive rate or longevity, typically fall along a 'slow-fast' continuum. Animals at the fast end of this continuum, such as temperate birds, are thought to experience high rates of mortality and invest more resources in reproduction, whereas anima

  6. Interactive Character Animation Using Simulated Physics: A State-of-the-Art Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geijtenbeek, T.; Pronost, N.G.

    2012-01-01

    Physics simulation offers the possibility of truly responsive and realistic animation. Despite wide adoption of physics simulation for the animation of passive phenomena, such as fluids, cloths and rag-doll characters, commercial applications still resort to kinematics-based approaches for the anima

  7. TNF-induced structural joint damage is mediated by IL-1.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwerina, J.; Redlich, K.; Polzer, K.; Joosten, L.A.B.; Kronke, G.; Distler, J.; Hess, A.; Pundt, N.; Pap, T.; Hoffmann, O.; Gasser, J.; Scheinecker, C.; Smolen, J.S.; Berg, W.B. van den; Schett, G.

    2007-01-01

    Blocking TNF effectively inhibits inflammation and structural damage in human rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, so far it is unclear whether the effect of TNF is a direct one or indirect on up-regulation of other mediators. IL-1 may be one of these candidates because it has a central role in anima

  8. Highlights of the tenth International Conference on Trichinellosis: past and future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dupouy-Camet J.

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The Tenth International Conference on trichinellosis, organized by the International Commission on Trichinellosis, gathered together 147 scientists from 34 countries. The 173 presentations ranged over most aspects of this parasitic zoonosis: history, epidemiology, speciation, biology, immunology, biochemistry, human and anima pathology, new diagnostic methods and control.

  9. Rein Raamat tiris eestlased joonisfilmi juurde / Rein Raamat ; interv. Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raamat, Rein, 1931-

    2006-01-01

    Kunstnil, anima- ja dokumentaalfilmirežissöör tähistab 75-ndat sünnipäeva. 20. märtsil Kinomajas on autoriõhtu filmidega "Rein Raamat animatsiooni maailmas" ja "Kursi koolkond". Lisatud R. Raamatu loometee lühiandmed ning Priit Pärna kommentaar

  10. Colloid formation and metal transport through two mixing zones affected by acid mine drainage near Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemel, L.E.; Kimball, B.A.; Bencala, K.E.

    2000-01-01

    Stream discharges and concentrations of dissolved and colloidal metals (Al, Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Pb, and Zn), SO4, and dissolved silica were measured to identify chemical transformations and determine mass transports through two mixing zones in the Animas River that receive the inflows from Cement and Mineral Creeks. The creeks were the dominant sources of Al, Cu, Fe, and Pb, whereas the upstream Animas River supplied about half of the Zn. With the exception of Fe, which was present in dissolved and colloidal forms, the metals were dissolved in the acidic, high-SO4 waters of Cement Creek (pH 3.8). Mixing of Cement Creek with the Animas River increased pH to near-neutral values and transformed Al and some additional Fe into colloids which also contained Cu and Pb. Aluminium and Fe colloids had already formed in the mildly acidic conditions in Mineral Creek (pH 6.6) upstream of the confluence with the Animas River. Colloidal Fe continued to form downstream of both mixing zones. The Fe- and Al-rich colloids were important for transport of Cu, Pb, and Zn, which appeared to have sorbed to them. Partitioning of Zn between dissolved and colloidal phases was dependent on pH and colloid concentration. Mass balances showed conservative transports for Ca, Mg, Mn, SO4, and dissolved silica through the two mixing zones and small losses (< 10%) of colloidal Al, Fe and Zn from the water column.

  11. Euroopa kultuuripealinn Tallinn 2011 paneb PÖFF-ile õla alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    15. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali ja Euroopa Kultuuripealinna Tallinn 2011 koostöös alguse saanud noortele animavallas tegutsevatele professionaalidele mõeldud koolitussarjast AnimaCampus, rahvusvahelise filmituru Black Market ja programmi "60 sekundit üksindust aastal Null" toetamisest

  12. Stella Salumaa: ilma hea loota pole head animatsiooni / üles kirjutanud Mart Niineste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salumaa, Stella, 1985-

    2011-01-01

    Animaator Stella Salumaa oma huvist kunsti ja animatsiooni vastu, vahetusüliõpilasena Prahas FAMU-s õppimisest, ideede leidmisest, filmi sõnumist, festivalidel osalemisest. Andmeid Stella Salumaa elukäigu ja tööde kohta

  13. Incorporation of proficiency criteria for basic laparoscopic skills training: How does it work?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Verdaasdonk (Egg); J. Dankelman (Jenny); J.F. Lange (Johan); L.P. Stassen (Laurents)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractBackground: It is desirable that surgical trainees are proficient in basic laparoscopic motor skills (eye-hand coordination). The present study evaluated the use of predefined proficiency criteria on a basic virtual reality (VR) simulator in preparation for a laparoscopic course on anima

  14. Didáctica da física : a energia

    OpenAIRE

    Valadares, Jorge

    1991-01-01

    Formação - Professores O programa aborda o conceito de Energia. Recurso a animação gráfica, experiências e exemplos. Disciplina “Didáctica da Física e da Química “, do Curso de Profissionalização em Exercício.

  15. Experiment list: SRX1388745 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SRX1388745 ce10 Input control Input control Adult Young adult NA 550262,62.6,7.0,11...1 GSM1919631: WT 23C G2 rep2 ChIPinput; Caenorhabditis elegans; ChIP-Seq source_name=Young adult whole anima

  16. Experiment list: SRX1388744 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SRX1388744 ce10 Input control Input control Adult Young adult NA 566269,71.8,3.7,10...9 GSM1919630: WT 15C G3 rep2 ChIPinput; Caenorhabditis elegans; ChIP-Seq source_name=Young adult whole anima

  17. Experiment list: SRX1388749 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SRX1388749 ce10 Input control Input control Adult Young adult NA 498142,61.8,1.9,63... GSM1919635: WT p15C G2 rep2 ChIPinput; Caenorhabditis elegans; ChIP-Seq source_name=Young adult whole anima

  18. Kultuurkapital nimetas aasta parimad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia 2010 laureaadid: arhitektid Maarja Kask, Ralf Lõoke, Karli Luik (Sõmeru keskusehoone), animaator Mati Kütt (Taevalaul), helilooja Urmas Sisask, kirjanik Mats Traat (Minge üles mägedele), sporditreener Anna Levandi, kunstnik Denes Kalev Farkas (Let's Play, the Game Is Over), teatriühendus R.A.A.A.M., folklorist Anu Korb (Eesti asundused)

  19. JAFF jätkub Sõpruses kahe erikavaga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Kolmas Jaapani animafilmifestival (JAFF) jätkub edukalt Tallinna kinos Sõprus ja algas eile ka Tartus Athena keskuses. Tallinnas stardivad animasüžeede järgi valminud mängufilmide programm ning animaklassika. Filmidest nendes programmides

  20. Takogo kino võ jeshtsho ne videli / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2007-01-01

    8.-10. juunini toimub Tallinnas 7. rahvusvaheline lühifilmide festival "Ennenägematu Film" ("Nevidannoje kino"). Kavas on anima- ja amatöörfilmid, tudengifilmid, samuti kuulsate režissööride varased tööd

  1. Eksperimente ja kilde kultuuriloost / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Theodor Lutsu 13. filmipäevad ja 10. lahtine lühifilmide konkurss Palamusel 15. augustil. Auhinnatud filmidest (anima-, dokumentaal-, mängu- ja ekperimentaalfilmid). Žüriisse kuulusid Helle Karis, Jaak Lõhmus, Erika Laansalu ja Tiina Säälik. Filmipäevade korraldajad olid taas Tiina Säälik ja Arne Tegelmann

  2. Lähiminevikus lahkunuid / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2005-01-01

    Lahkunud on vene animafilmikunstnik ja -režissöör Nikolai Serebrjakov (14.12.1928-09.08.2005) ning tšehhi kunstnik ja oma (anima)filmirežissöörist abikaasa Jan Shvankmajeri filmide kaasautor Eva Shvankmajerova (25.09.1940-20.10.2005)

  3. Vaikne juubel kuraditosina kinopildiga / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2008-01-01

    Theodor Lutsu 13. filmipäevad ja 10. lahtine lühifilmide konkurss Palamusel 15. augustil. Auhinnatud filmidest (anima-, dokumentaal-, mängu- ja ekperimentaalfilmid). Žüriisse kuulusid Helle Karis, Jaak Lõhmus, Erika Laansalu ja Tiina Säälik. Varasematest filmipäevadest, mis olid viimastest filmi- ja publikurohkemad

  4. ÎNCADRAREA ŞLEAHTEI POLONEZE ÎN RÂNDURILE NOBILIMII DIN BASARABIA PE PARCURSUL SECOLULUI Al XIX-lea (Cazul familiilor de nobili Celinski şi Cernilev/Cernelevski

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina GHERASIM

    2015-11-01

    ătre Adunarea Deputaţilor Nobilimii din Podolia lipsesc actele care ar adeveri că Adronache Cernelevski a deţinut rangul de paharnic, precum şi faptul că solicitanţii nominalizaţi sunt urmaşi direcţi ai acestuia. În situaţia creată membrii familiei Cernelevski cer să fie acceptaţi în categoria odnodvorţilor din Basarabia. Astfel, odată cu infiltrarea persoanelor alogene în rândurile nobilimii basarabene, s-a produs schimbarea componenţei etnice, rusificarea şi deznaţionalizarea acestei categorii sociale.THE ASSIMILATION OF POLISH NOBILITY AMONG BESSARABIAN NOBILITY DURING XIXth CENTURY. (Case study: noble family Celinski and Cernilev/Cernelevski In the article, based on archive documents and published monographic studies, to treat the problem of assimilation of allergenic nobles by Bessarabian nobility, having as example the polish nobles. Being strategically, located Bessarabia was of particular interest in expansion policy of the Russian Empire. For these reasons, once the territory annexed, the tsarist searched to create a social base here to support and promote imperial policy. Besides granting various privileges to the native population, especially to the nobility, the imperial administration directed an intense colonization policy of the territory between Dniester and Prut and infiltration of Russian nobles or just simple clerks of Russian origin, coming from different parts such as Poland, Austria etc. among native nobility. As a result, during the XIXth century, alongside with local boyars in the confirmation of titles of nobility, at the commission created to this purpose, were registered representatives of allergenic nobility. Analysis of the files submitted by polish nobility revealed that their noble titles were confirmed after the presentation of a certificate certifying the applicant's noble affiliation by Assembly of Deputies of nobility from Podolia. There are as well cases of refusal of confirmation of titles to the polish nobility. After

  5. Social Role and Memory of the Alighieri before Dante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Faini

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The issue of the nobility Dante’s family can now be approached using new tools. Recent investigations on the communal society, on its social networks, and on the structure of family memory enable us to trace the historical framework of Cacciaguida’s account. At the very beginning the Alighieri family was related to those who would become its enemies at the end of the 13th century. After, to crown what can be seen as a ruthless social climb, the Alighieris, like many other city families, appear to have constructed a “myth of the origins”. Dante did not passively accept this myth, but called it into question and possibly used it as an inspiration for his tormented reflections on nobility.

  6. Beeldvorming rond adel en ridderschap bij Froissart en de Bourgondische kroniekschrijvers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Buylaert

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The Representation of Nobility and Chivalry in the Literature of Froissart and the Burgundian ChroniclersThis article discusses the representation of nobility and chivalry in the historiographical literature of Jean Froissart and his fifteenth-century followers. By analysing the discourse of those chronicles, this article intends to focus on the social functions of this literary tradition for its intended public; the nobles and state officials of the Burgundian-Habsburg court. As such, this publication questions the existing interpretation of the remarkable emphasis of those chroniclers on virtue as the source of ‘true nobility’ as an attempt by ambitious officials and intellectuals to obtain a noble status. The social significance of those chronicles resides in the fact that they were important for the definition and dissemination of a set of norms that governed the public behaviour of nobles.

  7. [Relationships between Dendrobium quality and ecological factors based on partial least square regression].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wen-Tao; Huang, Lin-Fang; Du, Jing; Chen, Shi-Lin

    2013-10-01

    A total of eleven ecological factors values were obtained from the ecological suitability database of the geographic information system for traditional Chinese medicines production areas (TCM-GIS), and the relationships between the chemical components of Dendrobium and the ecological factors were analyzed by partial least square (PLS) regression. There existed significant differences in the chemical components contents of the same species of Dendrobium in different areas. The polysaccharides content of D. officinale had significant positive correlation with soil type, the accumulated dendrobine in D. nobile was significantly positively correlated with annual precipitation, and the erianin content of D. chrysotoxum was mainly affected by air temperature. The principal component analysis (PCA) showed that Zhejiang Province was the optimal production area for D. officinale, Guizhou Province was the most appropriate planting area for D. nobile, and Yunnan Province was the best production area of D. chrysotoxum.

  8. 歌剧“Alm agrande e nobilc ore”中管弦伴奏与钢琴伴奏的联系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万芊芊

    2012-01-01

    文章通过对莫扎特作品"Alma grande en nobil core"三个乐段的管弦乐乐器演奏中双簧管、提琴等音色的描述以及乐句中动机与主题的分析,并与钢琴伴奏谱进行对比之后,分析出在钢琴伴奏中适用的音色与音乐的处理方法。旨在通过这种分析与对比,为在莫扎特歌剧选段"Alma grande en nobil core"中的钢琴伴奏提供更多参考依据。

  9. Vínculos con Cihuapipiltin tlaxcaltecas del siglo XVI: El acceso al poder señorial indígena del tlahtocayotl de Ocotelulco

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This paper tries to meet the agency of the tlaxcalteca cihuapipiltin who meant an opportunity to access at the local power by indirectal way, also no members of the local nobility. Some spaniards take advantage by matrimonial link with cacicas for to have workers and to increase their workpower and political capital, but scammers certain restrictions. Thus, the cihuapipiltin of the Maxixcatzin family, attached to the tlahtocayotl of Ocotelulco in the Province of Tlaxcala,...

  10. NATO, Russia, Poland, and Ukraine: Perspectives on the Ukraine Candidacy for NATO Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    regards to Ukraine’s actual nuclear arsenal, the Ukrainian military statistic (WMD missiles) stated, “Ukraine inherited significant intercontinental...nobility limited the powers of their king, although without a Magna Carta or a fully functioning parliament. Pyotr II Alexseyevich (Peter II/1727–1730...any Russian leader) actually could control. During her reign, westernization continued; she introduced French culture and European philosophies on

  11. Los sentimientos del Cid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelio González

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available A journey through the feelings that have been shaped in the depiction of the Cid as character brings about the analysis of expressive forms, used for the verisimilitude of these feelings, avoiding contradiction with the heroic and epic condition of the character. The consideration of Rodrigo's expressions of sadness, joy, devotion, or gratitude allows to identify the discursive strategies of the poem, which tend to approach the receiver to a positive valuation of the low Castilian nobility.

  12. The Role of the Nobles-Philanthropists in the Activities of Hospitals in the Danube Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataliya Goncharova

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Reviews the legal and regulatory basis in the sphere of the guardianship treatment centres in the Russian Empire in the middle of the XIXth century, alleging the establishment of the public supervision over the activities of city, County and provincial hospitals. Contents of the powers of the Trustees, their objectives and main activities. Specific examples in the Danube region proved the thesis that among the Trustees were dominated by representatives of the nobility.

  13. ПЁТР СИМОН ПАЛЛАС, СИБИРЬ И ЕВРОПЕЙСКАЯ «РЕСПУБЛИКА УЧЁНЫХ ПИСЕМ»

    OpenAIRE

    Jones, Ryan

    2011-01-01

    Peter Simon Pallas was also a member of what European men of learning in the eighteenth century often called a Republic of Letters, an idealized society that cut through state borders and acknowledged no limits to its pursuit of knowledge. His intensive engagement with the leading theorists of the time, his attempts to separate himself from the dilettantish scientifi c eff orts of the nobility, and his struggle to craft a space of independent action within the Academy of Sciences all attest t...

  14. [The madness of "The Quixote"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peña, S; Lillo, L

    1999-01-01

    The aim of this fiction psychiatric article, is to take a psychiatric look to El Quijote and to determine his strange and fascinating madness. His symptoms are analyzed as those of any patient and the conclusion is that he had a pre senile paranoia. This diagnosis, that gratifies clinicians curiosity, says nothing about the charm of his unusual mental profile or the captivating fascination of his nobility and poetry.

  15. Prince Gong’s Mansion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    FAVORED by many kings and emperorsthroughout Chinese history,Beijing has beena capital city more than once.This mayaccount for its large number of palaces androyal mansions that were homes to imperialfamilies and feudal nobilities alike.Thesedate far back through the centuries,althougha large portion are nearer the Ming and Qingdynasties(1368-1911).Some of these well-preserved historic remains have opened to

  16. Diego de San Pedro's Cárcel de Amor: Political and Social Consequences of the Mismatch of Laureola and the King

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Márquez

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a political and social analysis of Diego de San Pedro’s Cárcel de Amor. Our starting point will be the Laureola's rejection, which will contrast with the king's refusal to request of his vassals. From there, we will examine both the social ideology of courtly love for the social class of the nobility as well as the political implications of this situation for the government of the kingdom.

  17. Sex And Gender Roles In Gentle And Noble Families, c.1575-1660, With A Particular Focus On Marriage Formation

    OpenAIRE

    2000-01-01

    The thesis examines thinking about, and experiences of, gender roles and family relationships for the gentry and nobility, particularly through the process of marriage formation. The study draws on a range of sources, including collections of family letters, personal memoirs and prescriptive literature. Some chapters pursue a case study approach to correspondence. Others consider the relationship between published advice and personal attitudes and experience.\\ud \\ud The study explores whether...

  18. Pharmacological Potential of Matricaria recutita-A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Vikas Gupta; Payal Mittal; Parveen Bansal; SUKHBIR L. KHOKRA; Dhirender Kaushik

    2010-01-01

    Matricaria recutita, once it has been called as Marticaria chamomilla, Chamomilla recutita, and Chamomilum nobile family Asteraceae. The main constituents of this plant include the terpenoids α-bisabolol and its oxides and azulenes, including chamazulene. Matricaria recutita shows different pharmacological activities like anti-inflammatory, anti- cancer, treatment of stress and depression, anti-allergic etc. This review focuses on the detailed chemical constituents, pharmacological activities...

  19. Sobras e sombras nobres e plebeias do século XVI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel Mourivaldo Santiago-Almeida

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Based on the book Ditos portugues dignos de memória (1997 – which deals with the oral tradition of the portuguese language of the 1500s ( with register of speech taken from daily language from nobility to the common man – this text highlights lexicon and expressions currently considered to be out of use in European Portuguese, but which are common in present-day Brazilian Portuguese.

  20. Vladimir Lenin on Oblomov

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    javed akhtar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research paper tends to highlight Vladimir Lenin’s views and attitude towards work and indolence. Therefore, he admires work, action and revolution, which are characteristics of the proletarians, and condemns lethargy, inertia, indolence, indecision and procrastination, which are peculiar to the surf-owning and land-owning feudal nobility.  Vladimir Lenin condemns Ivan Goncharov’s most famous character Oblomov frequently in his speeches and writings, which represents the surf-owning and land-owning feudal nobility of the nineteenth-century Tsarist Russian social formation. In fact, Oblomov like other literary types have definite historical roots, which are closely related to the way of life of a particular class. In this manner, his class nature or Oblomovism typifies the sloth of the serf-owning and land-owning nobility. These traits of Oblomov have not become out-dated but the class they typify has become something of the past. Vladimir Lenin pays full attention to the lasting and broad-scale implications of Oblomov’s character, which crosses the limits of his social milieu and age, picking up the penetrating insight into the class nature of Oblomov’s character. Vladimir Lenin highlights the continuing relevance of Oblomov’s character in his own times, criticising Oblomov and Oblomovism and identifies his political rivals and enemies around him with Oblomov.

  1. Partis en Hainaut? La place de la noblesse hainuyère dans la lutte entre Jacqueline de Bavière et Jean IV de Brabant (1424-1428

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Flammang

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Hainault Factions? The Role of the Hainault Nobility in the Struggle between Jacqueline of Bavaria and John IV of Brabant (1424- 1428From March until June 1425, part of Hainault was devastated by the war that was waged between Jacqueline of Bavaria, heiress to the county, and her exhusband, John IV of Brabant, both of whom were pretenders to the sovereignty of the county. On this occasion, part of the county's nobility split up and chose to support one of the opposing sides. Among the various incentives that might have influenced the nobles, two predominant elements seem to have motivated their choice of camp: the territorial base of the nobles concerned and John IV's personality. The weakness of his character may have attracted some nobles who planned to take advantage of the situation or, conversely, it may have failed to please some members of the high-ranking and ancient nobility of Hainault, among whom chivalric ideals were still very much alive.

  2. Literatura, cinema, parques e produtos: Branca de Neve e suas traduções intersemióticas

    OpenAIRE

    Débora Cibele de Benedetto e Silva

    2014-01-01

    Aproximadamente cem anos após sua primeira publicação em Contos de Fadas para Crianças e Adultos, de Jacob e Wilhelm Grimm, o conto Branca de Neve ganha, em 1937, uma tradução intersemiótica para o cinema produzida pelos estúdios Disney; trata-se da animação Branca de Neve e os Sete Anões, a primeira animação de longa-metragem da história do cinema. O enorme sucesso do filme confere a ele o caráter de uma das versões definitivas do conto original registrado pelos Irmãos Grimm. Além disso, a v...

  3. National Hydroelectric Power Resources Study: Regional Assessment: Volume XXII: Western Systems Coordinating Council, (WSCC). Volume 22

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-01

    WA1NPP0651 • COWLITZ • • SlLVEReR!S’ • OA6NPP048’ • MARION • • SIlvERTON DAMStYE _ Cn,SpK0686 • SAN JUAN • • SILVERTgN _ wA1Npa0402 • SNOHOMISH...SAN ,)\\IAN ANIMAS RIVER" 107 1.15,0 * * RM til til 247 * * • SNIl~DON PEAK,MOUNTAIN va w C* * *" *. • C()bSPKOb80 « SILVERTON DAI"SITE * 37 95,0...I S * SAN JUAN ANIMAS RIVER * 107 3Q,ə til * RM * * 158. * til SILVERTON QUAD • • .. *. • Cu5SPK0090 " HORSEFLY CREEK ... 38 12,0 * • I 2 « SAN

  4. Simulation et contrôle gestuel en temps réel d'une large variété d'objets physiques, flexibilité, plasticité, rupture, comportement de multitude

    OpenAIRE

    Jimenez, Stéphane; Luciani, Annie; Raoult, Olivier

    1990-01-01

    International audience; L'équipe de recherche de I'ACROE travaille sur le thème de I'animation par ordinateur, basée sur I'utilisation de modèles physiques, depuis 1981. Cette recherche est guidée par la réalisation d'un système complet pour I'animation d'images et la création musicale : le "modeleur-simulateur Cordis-Anima", qui doit permettre la simulation en temps réel d'objets manipulables, audibles et visibles . Cordis est dédié à la création musicale, Anima à I'animation, mais I'un et l...

  5. Geothermal studies in southwest New Mexico: technical completion report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swanberg, C.A.

    1976-11-01

    The research that has been conducted consists of three parts: (1) A detailed water chemistry study of thermal and non thermal waters in Dona Ana County, (2) a reconnaissance water chemistry study of the hot springs of southwest New Mexico, and (3) a detailed gravity and magnetic study of the Lightning Dock KGRA (Known Geothermal Resource Area) located in the Animas Valley of southwest New Mexico. The principal features resulting from this state supported research program are presented.

  6. 荣格原型理论下的辛克莱形象分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍伟

    2014-01-01

    本文从荣格原型理论中的人格面具(persona)、阴影(shadow)、阿妮玛(anima)和阿妮姆斯(animus)、自性(self)四个重要方面,来分析黑塞《德米安》中的辛克莱形象,以拓展黑塞成长小说的研究空间。

  7. 荣格原型理论下的辛克莱形象分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍伟

    2014-01-01

    本文从荣格原型理论中的人格面具(persona)、阴影(shadow)、阿妮玛(anima)和阿妮姆斯(animus)、自性(self)四个重要方面,来分析黑塞《德米安》中的辛克莱形象,以拓展黑塞成长小说的研究空间.

  8. The Applicability and Use of Waterless Hand Sanitizer in Veterinary and Animal Agricultural Settings

    OpenAIRE

    McMillan, Naya Subira

    2004-01-01

    THE APPLICABILITY AND USE OF WATERLESS HAND SANITIZER IN VETERINARY AND ANIMAL AGRICULTURAL SETTINGS Naya S. McMillan An increase in outbreaks caused by zoonotic agents has brought about intensified efforts to address the transmission of infectious organisms in animal settings. In October 2002, the CDC released recommendations for the use of waterless hand sanitizer (WHS) in human healthcare settings. The question arises whether WHS may be as effective in veterinary and anima...

  9. The Immune Space: A Concept and Template for Rationalizing Vaccine Development

    OpenAIRE

    Manrique, Amapola; Adams, Elizabeth; Barouch, Dan H.; Fast, Pat; Graham, Barney S; Kim, Jerome H.; Kublin, James G.; McCluskey, Margaret; Pantaleo, Giuseppe; Robinson, Harriet L.; Russell, Nina; Snow, William; Margaret I Johnston

    2014-01-01

    Empirical testing of candidate vaccines has led to the successful development of a number of lifesaving vaccines. The advent of new tools to manipulate antigens and new methods and vectors for vaccine delivery has led to a veritable explosion of potential vaccine designs. As a result, selection of candidate vaccines suitable for large-scale efficacy testing has become more challenging. This is especially true for diseases such as dengue, HIV, and tuberculosis where there is no validated anima...

  10. Integrazione di metodologie geofisiche, geomorfologiche, sedimentologiche e geochimiche, per la definizione della genesi e dell'età degli affioramenti rocciosi presenti sul fondale marino dell'Adriatico settentrionale

    OpenAIRE

    Gordini, Emiliano

    2009-01-01

    Da molti anni i fondali marini dell’Adriatico Settentrionale sono oggetto di interesse scientifico. Si annoverano studi accademici già dal 1792 ma solamente dalla seconda metà degli anni sessanta, grazie agli studi geologici, geofisici e geomorfologici, intrapresi da alcuni ricercatori è stato possibile evidenziare che i fondali marini del Golfo di Venezia unitamente al Golfo di Trieste sono prevalentemente sabbioso-limosi e monotoni dal punto di vista morfologico e delle forme di vita anima...

  11. Trinidad Reservoir Salvage Archaeology, 1972.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-09-30

    section by the prominent Canadian Escarpment; on the west the commonly stated boundary is the eastern front of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of the...drained by rivers that, with the exception -. of the Dry Cimarron, originate in or near the Sangre de Cristo Mountainsi all flow to the Mississippi River...River (a waterway which time has treated with several j designations: Picketwire, Purgatory, El Rio de Las Animas Perdidas en Purgatorio, comonly

  12. Krõlataja boginja predpotshla "Ostrov"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Kuulutati välja Venemaa filmiauhinna "Nike" võitjad : parim vene mängufilm Pavel Lungini "Saar" ("Ostrov"), kus olid ka parimad meesnäitlejad Pjotr Mamonov ja Viktor Suhhorukov ja parim operaator Andrei Zhegalov (postuumselt). Parim naisnäitleja oli Lija Ahhedzhakova, parima SRÜ filmi autor Kira Muratova, parim animaator Aleksandr Petrov. Elutöö "Nike" sai Eldar Rjazanov

  13. Rewrite Systems, Pattern Matching, and Code Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-09

    iii 2 5 7 17 23 28 29 29 30 34 47 49 50 51 52 55 56 58 61 63 66 70 71 71 73 73...Transformations Quicn a bucn arbol se anima, buena sombra le cobija1 [Old Spanish Saying] 1 Trees arc hierarchical mathematical objects. Their...there are three nullary operators a, b, and c. The B-fsa is the same as in Figure 2.2. 50 Pattern Set: + + /\\ A * z X * 1\\ 1\\ XY YZ Sub

  14. UM ESTUDO EXPLORATÓRIO SOBRE A INDÚSTRIA BRASILEIRA DE ANIMAÇÃO PARA A TV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilian Gatti Junior

    Full Text Available A economia criativa tem recebido pouca atenção da comunidade acadêmica, a despeito de sua importância econômica e cultural. Este artigo procura contribuir com a literatura sobre o tema com foco na indústria de animação, mais precisamente na produção de animações para a TV, pois recentemente o país produziu animações de sucesso na TV paga exibidas não só no Brasil, mas também em vários países. Este artigo procura analisar como as produtoras nacionais construíram vantagens competitivas que as possibilitaram obter êxito em suas produções em um mercado dominado por estúdios internacionais. Para atingir esse propósito foi conduzida uma pesquisa exploratório-descritiva analisando três produtoras (Flamma, TV PinGuim e 2DLab que exibem seu produto no canal Discovery Kids, voltado ao público préescolar. Foram entrevistados todos os sócios das produtoras (em um total de seis, dois de cada produtora, mais uma representante da indústria de animação para o cinema. Além das entrevistas, foram utilizados dados secundários, basicamente coletados na mídia (jornais, revistas e internet. O trabalho revelou a convergência de duas fontes de vantagens competitivas. A primeira ligada a fatores internos às produtoras estudadas (conhecimento técnico e visão do negócio e a segunda fonte ligada a fatores ambientais, criados pela cadeia produtiva dessa indústria (criação de novos canais de TV, interesse de parceiros internacionais e linhas de financiamento para a produção.

  15. Introduction de processus de conception pour la modélisation interactive de modèles physiques particulaires 3D complexes dans l'environnement MIMESIS

    OpenAIRE

    Allaoui, Ali

    2010-01-01

    The physically-based model of mass-interactions for visual motion synthesis or interactive animated virtual scenes, and in particular the CORDIS-ANIMA formalism, is appreciated today for the quality and the great diversity of phenomena it can produce. However, this richness cannot be exploited in all its complexity without a conception tool that puts it in the center of the creation process, and therefore opens widely its potentialities while maintaining its principles. For this, the modelisa...

  16. Communication in production animal medicine: modelling a complex interaction with the example of dairy herd health medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Kleen, Joachim L; Atkinson, Owen; Noordhuizen, Jos PTM

    2011-01-01

    Background The importance of communication skills in veterinary medicine is increasingly recognised. Appropriate communication skills towards the client are of utmost importance in both companion animal practice and production animal field and consultancy work. The need for building a relationship with the client, alongside developing a structure for the consultation is widely recognised and applies to both types of veterinary practice. Results Veterinary advisory practice in production anima...

  17. Does the Consumption of Green Tea Reduce the Risk of Lung Cancer among Smokers?

    OpenAIRE

    Wenbin Liang; Binns, Colin W; Le Jian; Lee, Andy H

    2007-01-01

    Experimental and epidemiological studies were reviewed to assess whether the consumption of green tea could reduce the risk of lung cancer in smokers. Articles published since 1990 were located by searching electronic databases PubMed, Ovid and Science Direct, using keywords ‘lung cancer’, ‘tea’ and ‘smoking’ without any restriction on language. After relevant articles had been located, further papers were obtained from their reference lists. Evidence from experimental studies (in vitro anima...

  18. Introduzione a "Cibo, diritto e religione in una prospettiva comparata"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Berlingò

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo, non sottoposto a valutazione, riproduce l'introduzione alla seduta su "Cibo, diritto e religione in una prospettiva comparata", che ha aperto il Convegno sul tema "Nutrire l'anima. Cibo, diritto, religione", organizzato dal Dipartimento di Scienze Giuridiche "Cesare Beccaria", Sezione di Diritto ecclesiastico e canonico, dell'Università degli Studi di Milano (Milano, 17 settembre 2015.

  19. Adel en nobiliteringsprocessen in het laatmiddeleeuwse Vlaanderen: een status quaestionis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Dumolyn

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Nobility and processes of ennoblement in Late Mediaeval Flanders: a state of the artIn the county of Flanders, the later Middle Ages should not be considered simply as a period of general crisis for the nobility as an evolving class. Instead, we might call it a time of intensive renewal, accelerated mobility and diversification. The background of these developments was a threefold dialectic: the late mediaeval crisis of feudalism (which brought about a sharp deterioration of noble rent income, social and economic urban development in Flanders and, last but not least, the Flemish-Burgundian state formation process. Specifically, the latter factor has been taken into account in this article as a creative force in the renovation of the nobility. This process was accompanied by a concentration of surplus extraction on the 'state' level, resulting in what we might call ‘state feudalism’. For the traditional nobles, obtaining a political position in the county was now only possible through princely service. On the other hand, political functions and offices offered urban and rural, non-noble, political elites opportunities for gradual ennoblement. Of course, other factors too were involved: the acquisition of seigniorial power, noble alliances and ‘living like a nobleman’. Consequently, these two aristocracies (traditional nobles and political elites of the Burgundian State merged to a certain extent, eventually resulting in a 'new' noble class, anticipating the ‘noblesse de robe’ of the modern period. For a particular family, this process of ennoblement could take several generations. In a European perspective, the redefinition and revitalisation of this ‘nobility’ as a traditional ruling class in feudal society is hardly surprising. Nevertheless, the high degree of urbanisation in Flanders gave this process a distinct character.

  20. Molecular bases for parallel evolution of translucent bracts in an alpine "glasshouse" plant Rheum alexandrae (Polygonaceae)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bing-Bing LIU; Lars OPGENOORTH; Georg MIEHE; Dong-Yuan ZHANG; Dong-Shi WAN; Chang-Ming ZHAO; Dong-Rui JIA

    2013-01-01

    Parallel evolution provides an excellent framework to infer the genetic bases of adaptive traits and understand the importance of natural selection in shaping current biodiversity.The upper leaves of the "glasshouse plants" transform into translucent bracts that show numerous adaptions in alpine habitats.It remains unknown whether similar molecular changes occur under the parallel bract evolution of different "glasshouse" species.In this study,we compared the results on phenotypic and physiological differences and presented the results of cDNA-AFLP analyses of transcriptional changes between translucent bracts and normal leaves in Rheum alexandrae.We also examined the homologous candidate genes with the same expression changes between this species and another "glasshouse" species,R.nobile.We found that bracts ofR.alexandrae are similar to those ofR.nobile in anatomical features:chloroplasts have degenerated and chlorophyll contents are greatly reduced,which suggests that foliar photosynthetic functions in bracts of both species have been reduced or totally altered.Among the 6000 transcript-derived fragments (TDFs) in bracts and leaves of R.alexandrae,420 (7%) were differentially expressed (up-or downregulated) between bracts and normal leaves.There were a total of 13 homologous TDFs with the same expression changes between R.alexandrae and the previously studied R.nobile.Except for the two that were not functionally annotated,eight of the homologous TDFs were found to be involved in stress and defense responses whereas the other three were related to photosynthesis.The up-or downregulation of these candidate genes was highly congruent with anatomical characteristics and adaptive functions of the bracts found for "glasshouse" plants.These findings suggested that the "glasshouse" phenotypes may have common molecular bases underlying their parallel evolution of similar adaptive functions and highlighted the importance of the natural selection in producing such

  1. Vínculos con Cihuapipiltin tlaxcaltecas del siglo XVI: El acceso al poder señorial indígena del tlahtocayotl de Ocotelulco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Rodríguez López

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries to meet the agency of the tlaxcalteca cihuapipiltin who meant an opportunity to access at the local power by indirectal way, also no members of the local nobility. Some spaniards take advantage by matrimonial link with cacicas for to have workers and to increase their workpower and political capital, but scammers certain restrictions. Thus, the cihuapipiltin of the Maxixcatzin family, attached to the tlahtocayotl of Ocotelulco in the Province of Tlaxcala, its power capitalized on the restructuring and local policy legitimation. They, as principales of his land, managed to establish its networks of power and the transition tlahtocayotl was guaranteed.

  2. Touristic and Chauvinistic Perspectives on the Arctic in the Italian Popular Press Some cases of literary and artistic reception, from the fin-de-siècle to the Fascist era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margherita d’Ayala Valva

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I will focus on non-scientific Italian perspectives on the Arctic at the beginning of the 20th century. Based on selected journalistic travel writings and on children's books and their pictorial and photographic illustrations, I will examine some illustrative instances of the Italian perception of the Great North during this era. More specifically, I will focus on the Duke of Abruzzi's Polar Expedition of 1900 and Umberto Nobile's expedition of 1928. These cases are of particular interest in terms of artistic and literary reception, popular imagery, and political implications.

  3. 意大利蒙特布查诺贵族葡萄酒产区巡展·2011中国

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    2011年10月31日,蒙特布查诺贵族葡萄酒(Vino Nobile di Montepulciano)产区.作为意大利托斯卡纳(Toscana)葡萄酒产区中唯一一个贵族酒产区,此次率7家顶级酒庄再度来到中国上海。在“晶”高级红酒会所举办了一场私密且又隆重的顶级晚宴。

  4. [The wine merchant as weight watcher].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rössner, S

    1996-01-01

    Berry Brothers & Rudd Ltd are a company of wine merchants, based in central London, with traditions dating from the 18th century. From the beginning the company traded in colonial goods. This required a pair of scales. Buying coffe became an opportunity for a weighing session for the customers and over the years since 1765 weight records from the British nobility and gentry are available in seven leatherbound ledgers. Several interesting weight histories can be documented by the study of these well kept records. They illustrate that there was a need to measure body weight, long before the association between relative body weight and health had become clear.

  5. Manželské strategie české šlechty v předbělohorském období

    OpenAIRE

    TARANTOVÁ, Kateřina

    2009-01-01

    The goal of this diploma thesis, Marriage Strategies of the Czech Aristocracy in the Pre-White Mountain Period, is to introduce strategies, which the members of aristocracy, especially the high nobility, exploited in the period before the battle of White Mountain. The choice of partner is understood in this context as a means of self-presentation of an individual and his or her family, and as symbol of the aristocracy's identity in the early modern period. This diploma thesis is based on a da...

  6. Sustainable Resilient, Robust & Resplendent Enterprises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edgeman, Rick

    . Resilience may be regarded as enterprise ability to recover or rebound from negative shocks or extreme challenges to its ecosystem (Contu, 2002). Robustness, in contrast to resilience, is not so much enterprise ability to recover from shocks or challenges to its ecosystem, but rather resistance or immunity...... to their impact. Resplendent enterprises are introduced with resplendence referring not to some sort of public or private façade, but instead refers to organizations marked by dual brilliance and nobility of strategy, governance and comportment that yields superior and sustainable triple bottom line performance...

  7. Museale Formidlinger af Fortiden som Kolonimagt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Vibe

    2015-01-01

    of disseminating the parts of history, where few original objects exits than the two Danish museums. As a result of the missing objects related to the lives of the enslaved Africans the exhibitions on the Danish museums tend to focus on the nobility and borgeous tradesmen of the European elite rather than...... colonial trade was a bigger part of British history and therefore arguably has had a larger impact on the national identity in the UK than in Denmark. The thesis further argues that although an increased focus on the inclusion of non-European voices in the exhibitions can be observed in all four museums...

  8. Agent Based Processing of Global Evaluation Function

    CERN Document Server

    Hossain, M Shahriar; Joarder, Md Mahbubul Alam

    2011-01-01

    Load balancing across a networked environment is a monotonous job. Moreover, if the job to be distributed is a constraint satisfying one, the distribution of load demands core intelligence. This paper proposes parallel processing through Global Evaluation Function by means of randomly initialized agents for solving Constraint Satisfaction Problems. A potential issue about the number of agents in a machine under the invocation of distribution is discussed here for securing the maximum benefit from Global Evaluation and parallel processing. The proposed system is compared with typical solution that shows an exclusive outcome supporting the nobility of parallel implementation of Global Evaluation Function with certain number of agents in each invoked machine.

  9. De plantis vascularibus praesertim ibericis (IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PEDROL, J., YERA, J., ASCASO, J.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Se aportan algunas novedades florísticas y comentarios corológicos relativos a la zona central del Valle del Ebro (Huesca, Lérida y Zaragoza en España. Destacamos : Achillea filipendulina, Aegilops neglecta, Bbidens aurea, B. fondosa, Centaurea depressa, Chamaemelum nobile, Crypsis aculeata, Cyperus michelianus subsp. michelianus, C. serotinus, Heteranthera reniformis, Mantisalca duriaei, Pulicaria paludosa, Ranunculus sardous, Reichardia intermedia, Scirpus lacustris subsp. lacustris, S. mucronatus, S. supinus, seneciio lagascanus, Sonchus x novocastellanus y Valerianella eriocarpa.

  10. Geology and ore deposits of the South Silverton mining area, San Juan County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varnes, David J.

    1963-01-01

    The South Silverton mining area is immediately southeast of the town of Silverton, San Juan County, in southwestern Colorado (fig. 1). The town of Silverton itself lies in a relatively flat and open reach of the Animas Valley, called Bakers Park, in the western part of the San Juan Mountains. (See figs. 2 and 8.) The roughly circular area of the geologic map map (pl. 1) includes about 18½ square miles of the mountainous country southeast of Silverton. It is bounded on the west and north by the Animas River, on the east by Cunningham Creek, and on the south by Mountaineer Creek and Deer Park Creek. Altitudes range from 9,125 feet above sea level in the canyon of the Animas, at the southwest corner of the area, to 13,451 feet on Kendall Peak, 2¾ miles to the northeast.Within this area nearly a dozen horn-like peaks and sharp ridges separated by deep glacial cirques rise to altitudes of 13,000 feet or more. (See figs. 3, 7, 10, and 24.) Exposures are excellent along the crests and upper flanks of the ridges, but the bedrock along the lower parts of the valley walls and floors of the cirques is largely concealed by accumulations of talus. The timbered slopes along the south side of the Animas Valley are extensively covered with glacial moraine. Several of the high basins within the cirques hold ponds or small lakes; the largest is Silver Lake (fig. 23).Roads skirt the northern and eastern edges of the area but none give good access into the interior. Silverton is adjacent to U.S. Highway 550, which passes over the mountains by way of Red Mountain Pass from Ouray, 24 miles to the north, to Durango, 53 miles to the south. The community is also served by the narrow-gage line of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad that follows the Animas River upstream from Durango. A gravel road, State Highway 110, follows the Animas River upstream, eastward from Silverton. From this highway a side road branches off to Cunningham Gulch as far as the Highland Mary mill, and

  11. Multiple injected and natural conservative tracers quantify mixing in a stream confluence affected by acid mine drainage near Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemel, L.E.; Cox, M.H.; Runkel, R.L.; Kimball, B.A.

    2006-01-01

    The acidic discharge from Cement Creek, containing elevated concentrations of dissolved metals and sulphate, mixed with the circumneutral-pH Animas River over a several hundred metre reach (mixing zone) near Silverton, CO, during this study. Differences in concentrations of Ca, Mg, Si, Sr, and SO42- between the creek and the river were sufficiently large for these analytes to be used as natural tracers in the mixing zone. In addition, a sodium chloride (NaCl) tracer was injected into Cement Creek, which provided a Cl- 'reference' tracer in the mixing zone. Conservative transport of the dissolved metals and sulphate through the mixing zone was verified by mass balances and by linear mixing plots relative to the injected reference tracer. At each of seven sites in the mixing zone, five samples were collected at evenly spaced increments of the observed across-channel gradients, as determined by specific conductance. This created sets of samples that adequately covered the ranges of mixtures (mixing ratios, in terms of the fraction of Animas River water, %AR). Concentrations measured in each mixing zone sample and in the upstream Animas River and Cement Creek were used to compute %AR for the reference and natural tracers. Values of %AR from natural tracers generally showed good agreement with values from the reference tracer, but variability in discharge and end-member concentrations and analytical errors contributed to unexpected outlier values for both injected and natural tracers. The median value (MV) %AR (calculated from all of the tracers) reduced scatter in the mixing plots for the dissolved metals, indicating that the MV estimate reduced the effects of various potential errors that could affect any tracer.

  12. Multiple injected and natural conservative tracers quantify mixing in a stream confluence affected by acid mine drainage near Silverton, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemel, Laurence E.; Cox, Marisa H.; Runkel, Robert L.; Kimball, Briant A.

    2006-08-01

    The acidic discharge from Cement Creek, containing elevated concentrations of dissolved metals and sulphate, mixed with the circumneutral-pH Animas River over a several hundred metre reach (mixing zone) near Silverton, CO, during this study. Differences in concentrations of Ca, Mg, Si, Sr, and SO42- between the creek and the river were sufficiently large for these analytes to be used as natural tracers in the mixing zone. In addition, a sodium chloride (NaCl) tracer was injected into Cement Creek, which provided a Cl- reference tracer in the mixing zone. Conservative transport of the dissolved metals and sulphate through the mixing zone was verified by mass balances and by linear mixing plots relative to the injected reference tracer. At each of seven sites in the mixing zone, five samples were collected at evenly spaced increments of the observed across-channel gradients, as determined by specific conductance. This created sets of samples that adequately covered the ranges of mixtures (mixing ratios, in terms of the fraction of Animas River water, %AR). Concentratis measured in each mixing zone sample and in the upstream Animas River and Cement Creek were used to compute %AR for the reference and natural tracers. Values of %AR from natural tracers generally showed good agreement with values from the reference tracer, but variability in discharge and end-member concentrations and analytical errors contributed to unexpected outlier values for both injected and natural tracers. The median value (MV) %AR (calculated from all of the tracers) reduced scatter in the mixing plots for the dissolved metals, indicating that the MV estimate reduced the effects of various potential errors that could affect any tracer.

  13. ALPENDRE Y ERA [Material gráfico

    OpenAIRE

    Fundación para la Etnografía y el Desarrollo de la Artesanía Canaria

    1990-01-01

    Antiguedad: SIGLO XIX Antrópicas: construcción de un camino que atraviesa la era. En el alpendre se encuentran basuras y planchas metálicas. Naturales: colonización vegetal. Clasificación del suelo: RÚSTICO Conjunto de era y alpendre. La era es de planta circular, de tierra y conjunto de piedras, localizándose en un lomo. El alpendre está excavado en la roca, a modo de cuatro compartimentos de diferentes tamaños en donde se amaraban los anima-les a una serie de palos horizontales q...

  14. Podemos Detener el VIH, Una Conversación a la Vez (We Can Stop HIV One Conversation at a Time)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-08-28

    Como parte de la campaña Podemos Detener el VIH, Una Conversación a la Vez, este anuncio de servicio público de 30 segundos que anima a los hispanos o latinos a hablar abiertamente sobre el VIH/SIDA con la familia, los amigos, las parejas y en las comunidades.  Created: 8/28/2014 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 8/28/2014.

  15. A alma e o livre-arbítrio em Santo Agostinho: uma trajetória da pedagogia do Circuitum nostrum

    OpenAIRE

    Wilton Lima dos Santos

    2014-01-01

    O Trabalho de dissertação se baseia principalmente nos livros Sobre a Potencialidade da Alma: De quantitate animae e De libero arbítrio, escritos por Santo Agostinho. Discorremos sobre o processo de conceituação do ente alma e da solução do problema do livre arbítrio através do sistema pedagógico agostiniano circuitum nostrum. Veremos que esse ente imaterial que nos faz racionais e, portanto, humanos, é o que mais se aproxima de Deus, de todos os entes da criação. Um ente Im...

  16. Desenvolvimento de um ambiente virtual de ensino em histologia para estudantes da saúde

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    As tecnologias da informação e da comunicação (TICs) têm sido amplamente utilizadas no ensino da saúde. As plataformas usadas para o desenvolvimento do ambiente virtual de ensino (AVE) geralmente apresentam uma linguagem de informática complexa. O objetivo deste trabalho foi desenvolver um AVE em Histologia voltado para estudantes da área da saúde, disponibilizado na internet com o uso de uma plataforma de uso gratuito e livre. O material elaborado utilizou diferentes TICs, como: animações, v...

  17. Website: material de apoio para professores de biofísica aplicada a enfermagem

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães,Fábio Sander Prado; Dickman,Adriana Gomes; Chaves, Andréa Carla Leite

    2014-01-01

    Esse trabalho relata o processo de elaboração de um website relacionando a física com a biologia com o objetivo de instrumentalizar o professor para o ensino de biofísica aplicada ao curso de enfermagem. O material inclui compilações de textos, exercícios, vídeos, animações, situações problematizadoras e artigos científicos sobre biofísica aplicada à enfermagem. Os temas abordados foram definidos a partir de uma pesquisa realizada junto a enfermeiros, professores e alunos do curso de enfermag...

  18. Analysis on Miss Havisham in "Great Expectations" from the Perspective of Archetype%从原型角度看《远大前程》中的郝维仙小姐

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭荣

    2008-01-01

    瑞士著名心理学家荣格的原型理论有四个重要方面:人格面具(persona)、阴影(shadow)、阿妮玛(anima)和阿妮姆斯(animus)、自性(self).从以上四个方面来挖掘和分析中的郝维仙这一悲剧女性形象具有重要的意义,她的悲剧有着其自身的人格面具、阴影、阿妮玛和阿妮姆斯、自性等心理因素.

  19. Epistemología del pensamiento complejo

    OpenAIRE

    José Manuel Juárez; Sonia Comboni Salinas

    2012-01-01

    Edgar Morin manifiesta que el pensamiento complejo se anima por tensión permanente entre la aspiración a un saber no dividido, no reducido, y la identificación de lo inacabado o incompleto de todo conocimiento. Por lo que es necesario tomar conciencia ante todo de la naturaleza y de las consecuencias de muchos paradigmas que ofenden el conocimiento y destruyen lo real. Es decir tratamos la realidad desde un punto de vista que cuenta con el todo y reconoce al individuo. Además acota sobre la e...

  20. Importancia de las nuevas tecnologías como método de aprendizaje dentro y fuera del aula

    OpenAIRE

    Hidalgo Prieto, M.

    2007-01-01

    En la actual sociedad del conocimiento, con el desarrollo de las Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación (TIC), se ha iniciado el proceso de digitalización de las universidades españolas, desarrollándose, entre otros, herramientas multimedia (imágenes, videos, anima- ciones, presentaciones electrónicas, etc.) y mejores accesos a las redes de información (Internet) y comunicación (correo electrónico, foros virtuales, videoconferencia, etc.). El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la inco...

  1. Podemos Detener el VIH, Una Conversación a la Vez Radio PSA (:30) (We Can Stop HIV One Conversation at a Time)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-08-27

    Como parte de la campaña Podemos Detener el VIH, Una Conversación a la Vez, este anuncio de servicio público de 30 segundos que anima a los hispanos o latinos a hablar abiertamente sobre el VIH/SIDA con la familia, los amigos, las parejas y en las comunidades.  Created: 8/27/2014 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 8/27/2014.

  2. 3D-mallinnus ja 3D-animaatiot biovoimalaitoksesta

    OpenAIRE

    Hiltula, Tytti

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytetyössä tehtiin biovoimalaitoksen piirustuksista 3D-mallinnus ja animaatiot. Työn tarkoituksena oli saada valmiiksi Recwell Oy:lle markkinointiin tarkoitetut kuva- ja videomateriaalit. Työssä perehdyttiin 3D-mallintamisen perustietoihin ja lähtökohtiin sekä animaation laatimiseen. Työ laadittiin kokonaisuudessaan AutoCAD-ohjelmalla, ja työn aikana tutustuttiin huolellisesti myös ohjelman käyttöohjeisiin. Piirustusten mitoituksessa huomattiin jo alkuvaiheessa suuria puutteita, ...

  3. “MESTIZAJE: LA TRAYECTORIA DE UN CONCEPTO. EL CASO DE JACQUES LAFAYE”

    OpenAIRE

    Méndez Rentería, Claudia

    2012-01-01

    El tema de esta investigación es la manera en que un historiador arma su obra: desde qué fuentes y enfoques constituye el andamiaje conceptual de su trabajo. La pregunta que anima este estudio es cómo y cuáles son los presupuestos que subyacen en un autor contemporáneo. La manera en que éste escribe y lee. Proponemos entonces una reflexión historiográfica en torno al caso del libro Quetzalcóatl y Guadalupe. La formación de la conciencia nacional en México, escrito por Jean J...

  4. Livekuva ja animaatio samassa elokuvassa : yhdistäminen kerronnallisesta näkökulmasta

    OpenAIRE

    Hidvégi, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    Käsittelen opinnäytetyössäni livekuvan ja animaation yhdistämistä kerronnallisesta näkökulmasta. Tutkin aihetta katsojan kokemuksen, kerronnallisten keinojen kuin myös teknisen toteutuksen kautta. Pyrin selvittämään, onko yhdistäminen vain visuaalinen tehokeino, vai voiko se olla myös kerronnallisesti kannattavaa. Keskityn tekstissäni perinteisiin animaatiotekniikkoihin rajaten pois digitaaliset erikoistehosteet. Katsojan kokemus on avainasemassa yhdistämisen toimivuuden kannalta ja siihen...

  5. Figure del desiderio: l'amore fra distruzione e sublime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabel Franzone

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Attraverso due racconti di Cortázar, l'analisi di due figure del desiderio ci permette esplorare due estremi seguendo una verticalità. La distruzione, doppio tenebroso della nostra anima, ci rivela un erotismo legato alla morte e al desiderio morboso di possedere l'Altro; il suo contraltare è un'ascesa vertiginosa accompagnata da un godimento estetico, dall'amore sublime prossimo all'esperienza mistica che si concluderà con una discesa progressiva e nel rispetto di questo Altro. La creazione letteraria si presenta come uno sfogo alle nostre angosce, che sono anche una sorta d'espressione dell'erotismo.

  6. Geology and oil and gas assessment of the Fruitland Total Petroleum System, San Juan Basin, New Mexico and Colorado: Chapter 6 in Geology and Oil and Gas Assessment of the Fruitland Total Petroleum System, San Juan Basin, New Mexico and Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridgley, J.L.; Condon, S.M.; Hatch, J.R.

    2013-01-01

    The Fruitland Total Petroleum System (TPS) of the San Juan Basin Province includes all genetically related hydrocarbons generated from coal beds and organic-rich shales in the Cretaceous Fruitland Formation. Coal beds are considered to be the primary source of the hydrocarbons. Potential reservoir rocks in the Fruitland TPS consist of the Upper Cretaceous Pictured Cliffs Sandstone, Fruitland Formation (both sandstone and coal beds), and the Farmington Sandstone Member of the Kirtland Formation, and the Tertiary Ojo Alamo Sandstone, and Animas, Nacimiento, and San Jose Formations.

  7. Gossipol em ratas gestantes : toxidade materna e avaliação testicular dos filhotes

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Marcelo Alves da

    2000-01-01

    Orientador: Luiz Ernandes Kozicki Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Ciências Agrárias Resumo: Com o objetivo de estudar os efeitos do gossipol (CsoHaAO na gestação de ratas (Rattus norvegícus) e os consequentes efeitos nos parâmetros morfometricos testiculares de seus filhotes, 40 ratas com idade media de 120 dias e peso variando entre 200 e 250 gramas, oriundas do Bioterio Central da Universidade Federal do Paraná, foram utilizadas neste estudo. Os anima...

  8. Mixtum compositum: oniric image in the analytical treatment of a Transsexual FtM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Gullì

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the process of individuation of a transsexual female to male using the dream analysis in Jungian perspectives. The dreams were amplified using fairy-tales, alchemy, and archetypes theory. After a description of some dreams of the beginning of therapy it was suggest that was symbolized image of androgynous as representation of emersion of the archetypes of Anima and Animus and the integration of this image can facilitated individuation process and Self constellation. It seems that take place in a dream with a Self image confirming that analytical process can facilitate personal growth and the integration between consciousness and unconsciousness.

  9. Mind, brain, body, and soul: a review of the electrophysiological undercurrents for Dr. Frankenstein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Peter W

    2004-01-01

    Mary Shelley's Frankenstein is perhaps the most famous work of medical science fiction. She and her husband, the poet Percy Shelley, were aware of nascent neuroscience experimentation and the effects of electricity on neuromuscular function. Such experiments generated theories of voluntary, involuntary, and unconscious neuromuscular function; animal electricity; and the anima--the human vital principle. In Germany and Italy, investigators were performing bizarre electrical experiments on animals and humans to "reanimate" lifeless limbs and bodies. These demonstrations and theories find expression in Frankenstein and provide models for Dr. Frankenstein and his creation.

  10. La representación bajo el signo del cuerpo : Una experiencia de dibujo de figura apoyada en la sensopercepción

    OpenAIRE

    Coppa, Carlos; Galatoire, Giselle; Lavarello, Ana Catalina; Oubiña, María Paula; Soibelzon, Mariana; Suarez, Natalia

    2010-01-01

    Los antecedentes de esta propuesta se remontan a experiencias personales de algunos de los docentes participantes, que en distintos momentos vincularon su práctica artística con metodologías propias del trabajo corporal. La oportunidad vino marcada por la autoexigencia de los docentes del nivel de explorar recursos que permitan mejorar la comprensión de la representación de la figura bajo la mirada clásica. Nos anima la constatación, todavía no generalizable, de que la gran mayoría de los alu...

  11. Desarrollo andino: sustentable y con identidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Guerrero Jiménez

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El concepto del desarrollo ocupa buena parte de la agenda de los Estados y los gobiernos en América Latina. Sin embargo, esta idea esconde algunos supuestos que en este artículo discutimos. El desarrollo y su vinculación a la identidad cultural, al territorio, contraviene la idea hegemónica que anima a este concepto nacido en Occidente. Analizamos el itinerario en América Latina y lo ubicamos en el Norte Grande de Chile, enfatizando las ideas centrales desde los años sesenta adelante del siglo XX. Finalizamos argumentando a favor del llamado posdesarrollo.

  12. Restauração no futuro: o novo paradigma comunicacional e tecnológico

    OpenAIRE

    Ventura, Tânia Cláudia Ramos

    2011-01-01

    O setor do Turismo, uma das atividades macroeconómicas mais importantes para a economia dos países, tem vindo a experimentar um alargamento de áreas de abrangência. O subsetor da restauração, que se perfila como uma das componentes mais relevantes do Turismo, tem registado uma diferença crescente de abordagem, com a alimentação e o produto gastronomia e vinhos, bem como a componente de animação nestes estabelecimentos, a serem, cada vez mais, fatores diferenciadores e relevantes da experiênci...

  13. Hacia una teoría de los colores

    OpenAIRE

    Rousseau, René-Lucien

    2009-01-01

    I. De los hechos a los símbolos: Tres métodos; Clorofila y sangre; Coincidencias; Los tres planos; Una "cierta filosofía eterna"; La unidad de las religiones; Riqueza de los símbolos; L'anima mundi; Los arquetipos. II. Propiedades y definición de los colores: Color y luz; Luz invisible; Límites variables de la visibilidad; Pureza, luminosidad y refrangibilidad; Amarillo y rojo; Rojo y negro; Colores complementarios; ¿Qué es color de un cuerpo?; Dualidad y unidad. III. Colores fríos. El verde:...

  14. Desenho também é coisa séria: desvelando o "funcionário padrão" da sociedade capitalista moderna no desenho animado bob esponja calça quadrada

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Considerando-se as configurações do mundo do trabalho na sociedade capitalista moderna, incluindo sua centralidade na vida do indivíduo como base da formação identitária dos seres humanos, adotou-se uma abordagem qualitativa para desenvolver um estudo observacional de um ambiente social fictício na animação infantil Bob Esponja Calça Quadrada, desvelando como ela pode representar um “modelo ideal/padrão do bom trabalhador” apresentado para o público infanto-juvenil. Os quatro episódios aqui a...

  15. Conceptos de naturaleza y paisaje (I)

    OpenAIRE

    Huidobro Pérez-Villamil, Javier

    1989-01-01

    El locus animae entendido como lugar sagrado, desde el diálogo clásico en adelante, tomará especial sentido mediante el pensamiento alegórico medieval. La identidad primitiva entre los dioses y determinados objetos o lugares, considerada como relación simpática entre la alteración del paisaje y de la inconsciencia, posibilitó la analogía de lugares específicos con ideas abstractas. La divinidad fue buscada tanto en ambientes naturales (grutas) o artificiales (templos) como e...

  16. The philosophy of bombs. The theoretical foundations of terrorist attacks

    OpenAIRE

    Kreibohm, Patricia

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo de este artículo es examinar las bases esenciales de la filosofía terrorista; es decir, el núcleo duro de Ia convicción que anima a sus actores y que subyace a sus ideas políticas, a sus demandas, ideologías y doctrinas. Con este propósito, el análisis se ha centrado en Io que hemos denominado los cinco pilares de la filosofía terrorista: la necesidad, la legitimidad, la eficacia, la capacidad para propagar el miedo y el valor propagandístico de sus acciones The goal of this ar...

  17. Thomas Aquinas:philosophy and pedagogy - doi: 10.4025/actascieduc.v34i1.16083

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Jean Lauand

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the connection between philosophy and education in Thomas Aquinas. In his Philosophical Anthropology there are three aspects very important for education today: the affirmation of matter as an essential in human being, the primacy of prudentia over the cardinal virtues and his philosophia negativa (and theologia negativa. The intrinsec union spirit-matter, anima forma corporis has important pedagogical consequences, both in intellectual and in moral education. And it is the basis for his Treatise On Prudence, which presupposes his negative perspective too.

  18. Karakterisering in Christine: ’n Jungiaanse perspektief

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. L. Crous

    1991-05-01

    Full Text Available The central character in Bartho Smit’s complex drama Christine is Paul Harmse. This essay focuses on the text and regards it as the psyche of the protagonist Paul Harmse. Jung’s theory of the collective unconscious and the archetypal figures that inhabit the collective unconscious is implemented in the analysis of the text. The characters are regarded as representations of the shadow and the anima. There is a prevailing conflict between Paul Harmse and the subconscious forces at work in his psyche.

  19. Estudio de la fisiología del esfínter anal interno porcino y de la rata, y de la fisiopatología de las alteraciones de la motilidad del esfínter anal interno en pacientes con fisura anal

    OpenAIRE

    Opazo Valdés, Álvaro Javier

    2012-01-01

    Descripció del recurs: el 01 setembre 2012 Las patologías anorectales benignas (fisura anal, incontinencia fecal, hemorroides) presentan una elevada prevalencia. De forma general, se desconoce la fisiopatología de estas enfermedades en las que se producen diversas alteraciones del esfínter anal interno (EAI). Los objetivos para esta tesis fueron: 1º Caracterizar los mecanismos y neurotransmisores implicados en el control del tono, la relajación y la contracción del EAI en dos modelos anima...

  20. Branca de Neve multim?dia: a personagem na literatura, no cinema e nos quadrinhos

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda., Allana Dilene de Ara?jo de

    2011-01-01

    Objetivando estudar a categoria personagem e sua manifesta??o em tr?s diferentes m?dias, este trabalho analisa Branca de Neve e sua constru??o na literatura, no cinema, e nas hist?rias em quadrinhos. O corpus utilizado foi o conto Branca de Neve e os sete an?es, assinado pelos irm?os Wilhelm e Jacob Grimm; a anima??o de 1937, produzida pelos est?dios Disney, hom?nima; e o primeiro volume da miniss?rie As mil e uma noites, derivada da revista mensal F?bulas, de Bill Willingham. Nos tr?s primei...

  1. Aristocracia local y trasvases de bienes en Liébana (siglo XIII. Revisión del problema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana Vassallo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza los trasvases de bienes entre aristocracias locales y monasterios. Las donaciones pro anima, realizadas por los sectores destacados de la sociedad, quedaron vinculadas tradicionalmente a las necesidades espirituales de la aristocracia, reduciendo la actuación patrimonial del sector en un sentido unidireccional. El presente estudio pretende reubicar dichos trasvases en un juego más amplio de transacciones mutuas que sólo pueden ser entendidas apelando a las estrategias de reproducción social de los sujetos actuantes

  2. Comité Institucional para el Cuidado y Uso de Animales de Laboratorio (CICUAL) de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas UNLP

    OpenAIRE

    Del Coco, V.; Francini, Flavio; García, Adriana L.; González Baró, María del Rosario; Goya, Rodolfo Gustavo; Lausada, Natalia Raquel; Lofeudo, J. M.; Mundiña-Weilenmann, Cecilia; Rinaldi, Gustavo; Stringa, Pablo; Vercellini, O.

    2016-01-01

    En base a la gran cantidad de grupos de trabajo que utilizan animales de laboratorio dentro del ámbito de la Facultad, y teniendo en cuenta la necesidad de realizar un buen control del uso y cuidado de los mismos, en Julio de 2012 se crea el CICUAL de la Fac. de Cs. Médicas (CICUAL-FCM) mediante Resolución 230/12 del HCD. Depende de la Secretaría de Ciencia y Técnica de la FCM y entre sus integrantes se incluyen Médicos Veterinarios, Investigadores con experiencia en experimentación con anima...

  3. Parâmetros eletrocardiográficos de felideos selvagens da Amazônia (Panthera onca, Leopardus pardalis, Leopardus wiedii, Herpailurus yaguarondi) criados em cativeiro no estado do Pará, tranquilizados com ketamina e cloridrato de xilazina

    OpenAIRE

    ROCHA, Vanessa Monteiro da

    2009-01-01

    Pretendeu-se estabelecer os parâmetros eletrocardiográficos (ECG) para felinos selvagens da Amazônia - Panthera onca (onça pintada), Leopardus pardalis (jaguatirica), Leopardus wiedii (gato-maracajá) e Herpailurus yaguarondi (gato-mourisco). Dentre estes felinos, 17 animais pertenciam ao Parque Zoobotânico Dr. Adhemar Monteiro (Capitão Poço/PA) e 2 animais ao 2° Batalhão de Infantaria de Selva (Belém/PA). Embora, o exame eletrocardiográfico não cause dor aos animas, é necessária a realização ...

  4. Taxonomic review of the genus Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae in the Iberian peninsula and the Balearic lslands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedí i González, Carles

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available A taxonomic review of the genus Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae in the Iberian peninsula and the Balearic Islands is carried out. Two changes in nomenclature are proposed: Chamaemelum nobile ( L. All. forma discoideum (Willk. comb. & stat. nov. and C. fuscatum (Brot. Vasc. forma minor (Hoffmanns. & Link comb. & stat. nov. For each taxon the correct name as well as the corresponding synonyms are given. A dichotomic key of the recognized taxa and a list of the herharium sheets studied are provided.

    Se realiza una revisión taxonómica del género Chamaemelum Miller (Asteraceae en la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Se proponen dos cambios nomenclaturles: Chamaemelum nobile (L. All. forma discoideum (Willk. comb. & stat. nov. y C. fuscatum (Brot. Vasc. forma minor (Hoffmanns. & Link comb. & stat. nov. Para cada taxon se da el nombre correcto, así como las correspondientes sinonimias. Se adjunta una clave dicotómica de los táxones reconocidos y una relación de los testimonios de herbario estudiados.

  5. The Incorporation of Bunchukovogo Partnership in Part of Service and Social Elite of the Russian Empire in the last third of the XVIII century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina I. Kryvosheia

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the highest stratum of сossack neuryadovoy officership of Left-Bank Ukraine – bunchukovym comrades. The special attention is given to the process of incorporation of bunchukovogo partnership in the service and social elite of the Russian Empire. During the last decades of the Cossack statehood bunchukovye comrades gradually turned into military and civilian high-level officials. In the 1780th they got the rights of the Russian nobility. The paper also presents data on the number of bunchukovyh comrades in the Cossack regiments in the early 1780s and indicated how many of them were in the civil state service in Kyiv, Chernihiv and Novgorod-Siversky governorships (namestnichestva in 1782–1796. The authors concluded that social and official status of bunchukovoe comrades in the XVIII century was very high. This is recognized even by representatives of the Russian administration in the Ukrainian lands. This contributed to the fact that for bunchukovymi comrades were enshrined rights of the nobility of the Russian Empire, and in the public service they occupied mid-level positions. They received in this case ranks of collegiate assessor.

  6. Presentación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castañeda de la Paz, María

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the last couple of years the situation of the colonial Mesoamerican indigenous nobility is gaining more and more importance in ethohistorical research. This article follows these same lines as its objective is to offer a view of the mechanisms with which this nobility responded to the enormous changes provoked by the conquest until their incorporation in the new colonial order designed by the Spaniards. I will analize the strategies that were used by these nobles to become part of this new order, trying to maintain their social position and way of life.

    La situación de la nobleza indígena mesoamericana ocupa un lugar cada vez más destacado en los trabajos de investigación etnohistórica de los últimos años. La línea del presente dossier tiene el objetivo de ofrecer un panorama de los mecanismos de reacción de esa nobleza desde el momento de la conquista hasta su posterior incorporación en el nuevo orden colonial diseñado por los españoles. Se analizarán las estrategias que utilizaron para formar parte de ese nuevo orden, tratando de mantener en lo posible su posición y modelo de vida.

  7. Русско-турецкие войны и образование Бессарабской области (1812-1822: политика автономии и колонизация

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Taki

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the first decade following the annexation of Bessarabia, the Russian authorities simoultaneously pursued two different approaches without fully realizing their contradictions. On the one hand, they sought to win support of the Bessarabian nobility by recognizing their land titles in the former Hotin reaya and proclaiming local autonomy based on the law of the land. On the other hand, they sought to colonize the underpopulated lands of Southern Bessarabia by inviting transdanubian Bulgarians and other ethnic groups. Although both approaches envisioned the transformation of the new province into a new homeland for the co-religionist Balkan peoples, their combination provoked social tensions between the the Bessarabian landowners and the colonists. The paper argues that the prolonged conflict between the two groups ultimately illustrates the uncertainty of Bessarabia’s status in the political geography of the Russian empire during the first decades after 1812. While the regime of the nobility-based Bessarabian autonomy was not unlike various schemes of indirect rule adopted in Russia’s Western borderlands, the invitation of colonists continued the colonization policies characteristic of New Russia. In this respect, the placement of the province under the jurisdiction of the governor-general of New Russia in 1822 emphasized colonization at the expense of local autonomy and prepared the abolition of the latter in 1828.

  8. Surviving in isolation: genetic variation, bottlenecks and reproductive strategies in the Canarian endemic Limonium macrophyllum (Plumbaginaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Ares; Weigelt, Barbara; Santos-Guerra, Arnoldo; Caujapé-Castells, Juli; Fernández-Palacios, José María; Conti, Elena

    2017-02-01

    Oceanic archipelagos are typically rich in endemic taxa, because they offer ideal conditions for diversification and speciation in isolation. One of the most remarkable evolutionary radiations on the Canary Islands comprises the 16 species included in Limonium subsection Nobiles, all of which are subject to diverse threats, and legally protected. Since many of them are single-island endemics limited to one or a few populations, there exists a risk that a loss of genetic variation might limit their long-term survival. In this study, we used eight newly developed microsatellite markers to characterize the levels of genetic variation and inbreeding in L. macrophyllum, a species endemic to the North-east of Tenerife that belongs to Limonium subsection Nobiles. We detected generally low levels of genetic variation over all populations (H T = 0.363), and substantial differentiation among populations (F ST = 0.188; R ST = 0.186) coupled with a negligible degree of inbreeding (F = 0.042). Obligate outcrossing may have maintained L. macrophyllum relatively unaffected by inbreeding despite the species' limited dispersal ability and the genetic bottlenecks likely caused by a prolonged history of grazing. Although several factors still constitute a risk for the conservation of L. macrophyllum, the lack of inbreeding and the recent positive demographic trends observed in the populations of this species are factors that favour its future persistence.

  9. Opstand adelt? De rechtvaardiging van het politieke verzet van de adel in de Vlaamse Opstand (1482-1492

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelle Haemers

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Can a Revolt be Ennobling? Justification of the Political Opposition of the Nobility during the Flemish Revolt (1482-1492This article analyses the political ideas of the late mediaeval nobility. In 1491, Archduke Maximilian of Austria accused three noblemen, Louis of Bruges, Adolf of Cleves and his son Philip, of lese majesty. The pleas made by the above-mentioned noblemen in this particular case are used to reconstruct their political ideology. The three noblemen maintained that service to the sovereign was one the most noble virtues of a nobleman, but they also considered that this political service had to be reciprocal. Using customary law, judicial treatises and political practices, they argued that the sovereign was the keystone of the political order, as long as he obtained advice from the noblemen when setting out his policies. He was also not allowed to violate any laws, traditions or privileges. These ideas had a long history in mediaeval political thought, and they would continue to dominate sixteenth-century society.

  10. Phase constitution and corrosion resistance of Al–Co alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palcut, Marián, E-mail: marian.palcut@gmail.com; Priputen, Pavol; Šalgó, Kristián; Janovec, Jozef

    2015-09-15

    Al–24Co, Al–25Co, Al–26Co, Al–27Co and Al–28Co alloys (composition in atomic percent) were prepared by arc-melting in high purity argon. Each alloy was found to consist of several microstructure constituents. Precipitation sequences of different intermetallic compounds were described based on a previously published Al–Co phase diagram and non-equilibrium processes taking place during casting. Electrochemical corrosion was investigated by potentiodynamic polarization in aqueous NaCl solution at room temperature. A large amount of pitting is observed, with some of the phases being preferentially corroded. The nobility of Al–Co intermetallic compounds is discussed in terms of chemical composition and crystal structure. Conclusions towards the alloy stability are provided. - Highlights: • Al–24Co to Al–28Co alloys were prepared by arc-melting in high purity argon. • Precipitation sequences of different intermetallic compounds have been observed. • Anodic alloy dissolution takes place by galvanic mechanism. • Nobility of Al–Co intermetallic compounds increases with increasing Co concentration.

  11. Electrochemical study of stainless steels used in an oil company by electrochemical impedance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boudinar, Y.; Chadli, H. [Laboratory of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Properties (LMPPM), University of Annaba, Annaba (Algeria); Innal, F. [University of Bordeaux/IMS-LAPS, Talence (France); Belmokre, K. [Laboratory of Corrosion and Surface Treatment (LCTS), University of Skikda, Skikda (Algeria)

    2010-07-15

    Localized corrosion is a serious problem for stainless steel exposed in a chloride solution. In this context, the present work concerns the study of electrochemical behavior of 316 (A and B) and 430 (C and D) stainless steels, where A and C are laboratory steels, while steels B and D were taken from heat exchangers tubes (after 10 years of operation). This study has addressed three different aqueous environments: (1) monoethanolamine (MEA) 15%, (2) natural seawater (NSW), and (3) NaCl 3%, using the technique of potentiodynamic polarization curve complemented by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The obtained experimental electrochemical parameters (E{sub corr}, J{sub corr}, E{sub r}, C{sub d}, R{sub tc}, and constant phase element) were used to compare the corrosion resistance of the tested steels. As a result, the nobility of these steels in NaCl 3% and in MEA 15% solutions is established in the following order: 316 (A) > 316 (B) > 430 (C) > 430 (D), where E{sub r} moves increasingly toward the positive direction, indicating a good protection against corrosion. In addition, the results show that the effect of the electrolyte (aggression) is characterized by increased corrosion potential and a decrease in the passivity domain for all samples. The hierarchy of the nobility of steels A and C in these electrolytes can be determined as follows: MEA 15% > NSW > NaCl 3%. (Abstract Copyright [2010], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  12. Availability and chemical characteristics of ground water in central La Plata County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brogden, R.E.; Giles, T.F.

    1976-01-01

    The central part of La Plata County, Colo., has undergone rapid population growth in recent years. This growth has resulted in an increased demand for information for additional domestic, industrial, and municipal water supplies. A knowledge of the occurrence of ground water will permit a more efficient allocation of the resource. Aquifers in central La Plata County include: alluvium, Animas Formation of Quaternary and Tertiary age, Fruitland Formation, Pictured Cliffs Sandstone, three formations of the Mesa Verde Group, the Mancos Shale, Dakota Sandstone, Morrison Formation of Cretaceous and Jurassic age, and undifferentiated formations. Well yields generally are low, usually less than 25 gallons per minute. However, higher yields, 25 to 50 gallons per minute may be found locally in aquifers in the alluvium and the Animas Formation. The quality of water from the aquifers is dependent on rock type. Most of the water is a calcium bicarbonate type. However, aquifers that are predominantly fine-grained or contain interbeds of shale may contain sodium bicarbonate type water. The dissolution of minerals in the coal beds, which are present in the Mesa Verde Group and the Dakota Sandstone, can contribute high concentrations of iron, sulfate, and chloride to ground water. (Woodard-USGS)

  13. Evaluation of geothermal potential of Rio Grande rift and Basin and Range province, New Mexico. Final technical report, January 1, 1977-May 31, 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Callender, J.F.

    1985-04-01

    A study was made of the geological, geochemical and geophysical characteristics of potential geothermal areas in the Rio Grande rift and Basin and Range province of New Mexico. Both regional and site-specific information is presented. Data was collected by: (1) reconnaissance and detailed geologic mapping, emphasizing Neogene stratigraphy and structure; (2) petrologic studies of Neogene igneous rocks; (3) radiometric age-dating; (4) geochemical surveying, including regional and site-specific water chemistry, stable isotopic analyses of thermal waters, whole-rock and mineral isotopic studies, and whole-rock chemical analyses; and (5) detailed geophysical surveys, using electrical, gravity and magnetic techniques, with electrical resistivity playing a major role. Regional geochemical water studies were conducted for the whole state. Integrated site-specific studies included the Animas Valley, Las Cruces area (Radium Springs and Las Alturas Estates), Truth or Consequences region, the Albuquerque basin, the San Ysidro area, and the Abiquiu-Ojo Caliente region. The Animas Valley and Las Cruces areas have the most significant geothermal potential of the areas studied. The Truth or Consequences and Albuquerque areas need further study. The San Ysidro and Abiquiu-Ojo Caliente regions have less significant geothermal potential. 78 figs., 16 tabs.

  14. La ciencia del alma en IBN Bayya (Avempace

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    Lomba, Joaquín

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es la interpretación de del más importante aspecto de la filosofía de Ibn Bayya (Avempace a base de la lectura de su Kitab al nafs, primer comentario del De anima de Aristóteles en Occidente. Este estudio sobre el alma es, para Avempace, constituye la principal ciencia porque sin el análisis de la propia alma es imposible conocer el resto de las ciencias y del mundo. Este autor, en todas sus obras encentra el ideal del filósofo y del hombre sabio, sobre todo, en la progresiva desmaterialización de toda su vida. Este objetivo se obtiene mediante el transcendeer de tres formas de vida, concretamente, las formas materiales, el primer nivel espiritual y, por fin, el segundo nivel espiritual. La culminación de este itinerario es alcanzar el segundo nivel espiritual, concretamente, la unión con el Intelecto Agente mediante un misticismo espiritual o «amor Dei intellectualis». Los materiales básicos de esta filosofía están conteniddos en este comentario al aristotélico al De anima

  15. Parque Verde do Mondego: gestão e uso público

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    Yuli Della Volpi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo se refere a um estudo de caso que teve como recorte espacial o Parque Verde do Mondego, localizado às margens do Rio Mondego, na cidade de Coimbra, em Portugal. A pesquisa teve como objetivo compreender a gestão da área e o uso público do espaço. Para tanto, realizou-se, inicialmente, uma pesquisa bibliográfica e documental; em seguida, foram feitas diversas visitas ao parque e, por fim, uma entrevista com o responsável pela administração do local. Pôde-se, por meio do estudo, compreender o processo de criação do Parque Verde do Mondego, sua concessão para as empresas privadas, realizada por meio de concursos públicos, e seu uso pela população da cidade de Coimbra. Foram verificados ainda a carência de atividades de animação sociocultural na área – embora exista na cidade de Coimbra um curso de graduação em Animação Socioeducativa –, os conflitos existentes entre setor público e privado, além de determinados problemas que atingem atualmente o parque, como as inundações causadas pelas cheias do Rio Mondego.

  16. Tomás de Aquino: filosofia e pedagogia = Thomas Aquinas:philosophy and pedagogy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Jean Lauand

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a conexão ente filosofia e educação em Tomás de Aquino. Em sua antropologia filosófica, destacam-se três aspectos de grande atualidade para a educação hoje: a valorização da matéria no ser do homem, a primazia da virtude da prudência entre as virtudes cardeais e a philosophia negativa (e theologia negativa. A intrínseca união entre espírito e matéria, anima forma corporis tem também importantes consequências pedagógicas, tanto para a educação intelectual quanto para a moral. E está na base de seu De prudentia, que pressupõe também sua perspectiva negativa.This article discusses the connection between philosophy and education in Thomas Aquinas. In his Philosophical Anthropology there are three aspects very important for education today: the affirmation of matter as an essential in human being, the primacy of prudentia over the cardinal virtues and his philosophia negativa (and theologia negativa. The intrinsec union spirit-matter, anima forma corporis has important pedagogical consequences, both in intellectual and in moral education. And it is the basis for his Treatise On Prudence, which presupposes his negative perspective too.

  17. Assessment of historical surface-water quality data in southwestern Colorado, 1990-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Lisa D.; Schaffrath, Keelin R.; Linard, Joshua I.

    2013-01-01

    The spatial and temporal distribution of selected physical and chemical surface-water-quality characteristics were analyzed at stream sites throughout the Dolores and San Juan River Basins in southwestern Colorado using historical data collected from 1990 through 2005 by various local, State, Tribal, and Federal agencies. Overall, streams throughout the study area were well oxygenated. Values of pH generally were near neutral to slightly alkaline throughout most of the study area with the exception of the upper Animas River Basin near Silverton where acidic conditions existed at some sites because of hydrothermal alteration and(or) historical mining. The highest concentrations of dissolved aluminum, total recoverable iron, dissolved lead, and dissolved zinc were measured at sites located in the upper Animas River Basin. Thirty-two sites throughout the study area had at least one measured concentration of total mercury that exceeded the State chronic aquatic-life criterion of 0.01 μg/L. Concentrations of dissolved selenium at some sites exceeded the State chronic water-quality standard of 4.6 μg/L. Total ammonia, nitrate, nitrite, and total phosphorus concentrations generally were low throughout the study area. Overall, results from the trend analyses indicated improvement in water-quality conditions as a result of operation of the Paradox Valley Unit in the Dolores River Basin and irrigation and water-delivery system improvements made in the McElmo Creek Basin (Lower San Juan River Basin) and Mancos River Valley (Upper San Juan River Basin).

  18. Poder económico y prestigio social afines del siglo XVII. Una indagación sobre las dotes de las nobles castellanas

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    María Luz González Mezquita

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo propone el estudio de las dotes desde una perspectiva diferente a las realizadas desde una óptica exclusivamente económica, teniendo en cuenta que la historia entendida como proceso implica nociones de mediación, causación, contradicción y organización sistemática, en ocasiones estructurante de la vida social, política, económica e intelectual. El estudio de fuentes primarias permite una aproximación tanto a las relaciones intranobiliarias centradas en estrategias familiares para la consolidación de linajes como a la política del monarca en relación con la nobleza que intenta explicar desde la historia política y social la simbiosis entre la Corona y los titulados. A pesar de la "crisis" de los patrimonios nobiliarios desde fines del siglo XVI, las dotes eran imprescindibles ante la realización de un matrimonio y esto producía muchas veces un desfasaje entre los ingresos y los gastos. El endeudamiento se cubría en estas oportunidades con préstamos o favores regios. En cualquier caso, factores ideológicos, de ordenamiento social, de poder, las hacían necesarias como mecanismo a través de los cuales se llevaba a la práctica la reproducción del sistema socialThis work proposes the study of dowries from a different perspective to those carried out from an exclusively economic optic, keeping in mind that history understood as a process implies mediation and contradiction notions and systematic organization, in occasions structuring the social, politic, economic and intellectual life. The study of primary sources allows an approximation at the same time to the relationships inside the nobility centered in family strategies for the consolidation of Iineages, and to the king's politics in connection with the nobility that tries to explain from political and social history, the symbiosis among the Crown and the nobility. In spite of the "crisis" of the nobiliary patrimonies from the late XVIth century, the dowries were

  19. Study on Chlorophyll Fluorescence Kinetics of Three Speices in Genus Dendrobium Cultivated in Greenhouse in the Winter Season%温室栽培的3种石斛冬季叶绿素荧光动力学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任建武; 王雁; 胡青; 赵治国

    2011-01-01

    The Dendrobium genus includes some important medicinal and famous ornamental plant species over the world. Some species in this genus demonstrated the characteristics of crassulasean acid mechanism plant. Three species I. E. , Dendrobium primulinum, D. Nobile and D. Chrysotoxum were selected as the experiment objects to study their photosynthesis and growth status in greenhouse during the winter season by means of measuring the gas exchange in combination with determining the chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics. The results showed that D. Primulinum exhibited typical traits of CAM plants, when its apparent photosynthetic rate was still minus value before 11:00 am while the electron transport rate was relatively high, which resembled the stage Ⅲ tendency of diurnal fluctuation of CAM plants. With low apparent photosynthetic rate, D. Nobile and D. Chrysotoxum were adaptive to shade environment with weaker solar radiation. Comparatively speaking, D. Chrysotoxum manifested more typical C3 plant characteristics. The 16t temperature in the early morning posed a chilling stress to D. Primulinum to certain extent, meanwhile D. Nobile and D. Chrysotoxum were not negatively effected, showing that the later two species were more adaptive to low temperature.%石斛属包括重要的药用植物和世界著名花卉,一些种具有景天酸代谢植物特征.试验选用报春石斛、金钗石斛、鼓槌石斛为材料,采用气体交换与叶绿素荧光动力学测定相结合的方法,研究冬季温室栽培条件下石斛的光合作用和生长状况.结果表明:报春石斛具有较为明显的景天酸代谢特征,11:00以前,表观光合作用速率为负值,但PSII电子传递速率依然较高,表现为CAM植物光合作用日变化的阶段Ⅲ趋势;金钗石斛和鼓槌石斛表观光合作用速率低、适应较低强度光照环境;相比之下,鼓槌石斛的C3植物特征更为明显.早晨16℃的低温会对报春石斛造成一定程度的

  20. La participación de la nobleza en el gobierno de las ciudades europeas bajomedievales. Análisis comparativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diago Hernando, Máximo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In the western European towns the presence of members of the nobility in their institutions of local government was not a very widespread phenomenon during the Late Middle Ages. It can only be perceived in a great scale in very few regions, mainly in the kingdom of Castile and in Italy. In this article the author gives account of the main signs of the political control that the nobility exercised over the institutions of local government in the Castilian towns. He then pays attention to the important differences that in this respect existed during the Late Middle Ages between these towns and those of other kingdoms of western Europe, where the nobility didn't participate in the institutions of local government. He proposes some exemples taken from the kingdoms of the Crown of Aragon, the German Empire, France and England, leaving out of his consideration the case of the urban republics in Italy because of their specifical character, derived from their important degree of autonomy.

    En las ciudades de la Europa occidental durante el período bajomedieval la presencia de miembros de la nobleza en los órganos de gobierno local fue un fenómeno poco frecuente, que sólo se constata a gran escala en unos pocos ámbitos, de entre los que cabe destacar dos: la Corona de Castilla e Italia. En este artículo el autor da cuenta de las principales manifestaciones del control político ejercido por la nobleza sobre los órganos de gobierno de las ciudades castellanas. Y presta atención a las importantes diferencias que a este respecto se dieron en los siglos bajomedievales entre estas ciudades y las de otros reinos europeos occidentales, donde la nobleza no participó en los órganos de gobierno urbano. Propone para ello ejemplos tomados de los reinos de la Corona de Aragón, el Imperio alemán, Francia e Inglaterra, dejando fuera de consideración el caso de las “repúblicas urbanas” italianas por su especificidad, derivada de su elevado grado

  1. Coesão e diversificação: os descendentes da nobreza na França, no final do século XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique de Saint Martin

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Como analisar um antigo grupo, o dos descendentes da nobreza, inventado e reinventado diversas vezes no curso de sua história, suprimido da Constituição e a seguir reabilitado de modo mais ou menos visível, e que, na França, bem como em outros países, não cessa de se desagregar? Como pensar a extrema diversidade e a unidade relativa desse conjunto, das quais é preciso também indagar se são ou não fictícias? Mais, talvez, que os recursos simbólicos comuns, o que contribui para a manutenção de uma forma de coesão é a densidade das relações e das trocas de toda sorte entre eles. Mas essa coesão tende a tornar-se cada vez mais difícil. No atual estado da pesquisa, parece que os descendentes da nobreza não podem ser analisados como um corpo nem como um grupo relativo ­ ainda que essas interpretações mereçam atenção ­, e sim como um espaço, sob condição de que se examine a dinâmica e os processos que o atravessam.How should one analyze the descendants of the nobility in France? This ancient group has been invented and re-invented many times along its history. The Constitution suppressed it, then later on it was quite visibly rehabilitated, and it is always becoming disaggregated, in France as well as in other countries. How should one approach both this group's extreme diversity and its relative unity, which also have to be questioned as to their fictitiousness? Maybe the dense relationships and exchanges of all sorts between the descendants of the nobility contribute to the maintenance of some form of cohesion more than the symbolic resources they have in common. But this cohesion is becoming ever more difficult. At the present moment of the research, it seems that the descendants of the nobility cannot be analyzed neither as a body nor as a relative group ­ even though these interpretations deserve attention ­ but rather as a space, as long as the dynamism and the processes that crosscut it are analyzed as well.

  2. Pedro Ventura de Puga, último señor de la Casa de Fontefiz

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    Leirós de la Peña, Paz

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on documentation from Casa de Fontefiz kept in the AHPOR. The documents cover the period from the sixteenth to nineteenth century and provide information about the patrimony of the house, its social position and the political activities of Pedro Ventura de Puga during the firts half of the nineteenth century. The first part is focused on the origin and evolution of patrimony, way of living, nobility abuses (including social and sexual aspects, and the difficulties to keep the social status. In the second part, Pedro Ventura plays the main role: his participation in the War of Independence and the building of the liberal state. He is a relevant character to undestand the adaptation of nobility to an age of political changes and social ad economical survivals. The defense of the constitution and his participation in the liberal regime is compatible with the maintenance of a economy based on the collection of taxes and nobility titles. Pedro Ventura is politically registered as a moderate liberalist.

    Este trabajo está basado en la documentación de la Casa de Fontefiz, conservada en al AHPOR. Los documentos abarcan desde el siglo XVI al XIX y nos aportan información sobre el patrimonio de la Casa, su posición social y las actividades políticas de Pedro Ventura de Puga en la primera mitad del siglo XIX. La primera parte se centra en el origen y evolución del patrimonio, modo de vida, abusos de la hidalguía en el plano social y sexual y las dificultades para mantener el stuatus social. La segunda parte tiene como protagonista a Pedro Ventura de Puga, su participación en la Guerra de la Independencia y en la construcción del estado liberal. Es una figura clave para entender la adaptación de la hidalguía a una época de cambios políticos y de pervivencias sociales y económicas. La defensa de la Constitución y la participación en el régimen liberal es compatible con el mantenimiento de una econocmía basada en

  3. Development of an Accurate Low-cost Ultrasonic Localization System for Autonomous Mobile Robots in Indoor Environments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong-hwi KIM; Ui-kyu SONG; Byung-kook KIM

    2010-01-01

    An accurate low-cost ultrasonic localization system is developed for automated nobile robots in indoor environments,which is essential for automatic navigation of mobile robots with various tasks.Although ultrasonic sensors are more cost-effective than other sensors such as Laser Range Finder(LR F)and visit,but they are inaccurate and directionally ambiguous.First,the matched filter is used to measure the distance accurately.For resolving the computational complexity of the matched filter,a new matched filter algorithm with simple computation is proposed.Then,an ultrasonic localization system is peoposed which consists of three ultrasonic receivers and two or more transmitters for improving position and orientation accuracy was developed.Finally,an extended Kalman filter is designed to estimate both the static and dynamic positions and orientations.Various simulations and experimental results show that the proposed system is effective.

  4. Trame di Pace. Simboli, carte, azioni di un’utopia possibile. 1945-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Baiesi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available La mostra racconta la storia degli uomini e delle donne che hanno ragionato di pace non più come di una nobile speranza, ma come dell’unica chance di salvezza per l’umanità. La scansione cronologica, per decenni, parte dal 1945 e arriva al 2003 con la diffusione della bandiera arcobaleno in occasione della campagna «Pace da tutti i balconi», nata per scongiurare il secondo conflitto in Iraq. Al centro della mostra un percorso sui simboli che sono stati inventati, ripresi, risignificati in diversi contesti, movimenti radicali del pacifismo antimilitarista e nonviolento e movimenti contro singole guerre. Accompagnano i materiali iconografici (bandiere e manifesti originali, opere d’arte del maestro Anastasi, due percorsi documentari con immagini d’epoca, locandine, testi di decreti, opuscoli, volantini, articoli di quotidiani e riviste.

  5. The Chivalric Order of the ‘Nodo’, or of the Holy Spirit, and the Patronage of Niccolò Orsini in the church of Santa Maria Jacobi in Nola

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    Cristiana Di Cerbo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In the Angevin Kingdom of Naples, in the early fourteenth century the Orsini family initiated an urban enrichment in the Campanian city of Nola, that lasted for the entire century. This renovatio urbis focused on the representation of Orsini identity and authority in a variety of settings: during the 1354-1359, Count Niccolò, in fact, promoted the decoration of the conventual female church of Santa Maria Jacobi ordinis sanctae Clarae, making use of both secular and sacred themes, inspired by the medieval bestiaries, the courtly literature (the Lay of Aristotle, the Ovid's Metamorphoses and the st. Augustine's De Musica. The elaborate iconographic program, with its ties to the monarchical order of the Knot - or the Holy Spirit -, shows the role attributed to the nobility as champion of virtue and defensor of the Divine Order upon earth.

  6. The Deified Courtier: Pagan Spectacles in El burlador de Sevilla

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    Frederick A. de Armas

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This essay looks at pagan disguises utilized in plays and courtly entertainments of the Golden Age, focusing on El burlador de Sevilla. Don Juan and all those who surround him, turn to mythology, pretending to be deities and thus reflecting the theatrical culture of the court where the nobility often assumed such pagan guises. When he metamorphoses himself into Jupiter, don Juan reminds us that this particular guise was common in most European courts of the times were courtiers and kings imagined themselves as abiding in a new Olympus. Don Juan, then, defies society, utilizing the same symbols of power that served to exalt the Habsburgs. Don Juan’s power of metamorphosis is seen most clearly in Tisbea and Isabela who both play the part of Europa to the god/bull.

  7. The medical ethics of Erasmus and the physician-patient relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albury, W R; Weisz, G M

    2001-06-01

    Desiderius Erasmus set out his views on medical ethics just over 500 years ago. Applying the characteristic approach of Renaissance Humanism, he drew upon a variety of classical sources to develop his own account of medical obligation. Of particular interest is Erasmus's attention to the patient's duties as well as the physician's. By treating this reciprocal relationship as a friendship between extreme unequals, Erasmus was able to maintain the nobility of the medical art and at the same time deal with the culturally sensitive issue of payment for physicians' services. The use of physician-patient reciprocity as a principle of medical ethics has until recently been considered a novel feature of nineteenth-century medical codes. As Erasmus's treatment of physician-patient reciprocity arose from a classical conception of friendship, there may be grounds for reconsidering the role of friendship in other discourses on medical ethics from the Renaissance to the nineteenth century.

  8. The Caracol Disk of Chichén Itzá (929-932 CE. Some Throughts on Epigraphy and Iconography

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    Péter Bíró

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The sculpture referred to as the ‘Tenoned Disk’, which was recovered from the Caracol building at Chichén Itzá, is a monument decorated with a bass-relief carving displaying historical figures and accompanying hieroglyphic text that is located on the rim of the monument. This text makes reference to several persons named using a Maya Yucatec language. The date of 8 Ajaw is also recorded on the sculpture. For some unknown reason this monument has been overlooked by scholars who have sought to reconstruct the chronology of the site. Crucially, this monument records an important moment in the history of Chichén Itzá and of Yucatán in general: the arrival of the “Mexican-Toltec” people, and the re-foundation of the city under a new social construct that included foreigners and local nobility.

  9. Cuzco and Rome, Peruvians and Andalucians in Inca Garcilaso’s work

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    Fermín Del Pino Díaz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I offer a socio-cultural explanation of Inca Garcilaso’s Romanist program, taking into account the analysis of his biographical anchorages in both Perú and Spain, specially his andalusian experience. To do so, I follow the social events he lived through (the recent conquest of the Islamic world and presence of Jewish converts, as well as the more cultural aspects of his stay in Spain (Royal and nobility classicism, relationship with the Jesuits. By broadening the scope of the interpretation of his texts, we are no longer talking merely about an individual and isolated (if aristocratic experience, nor about a merely religious or literary option (even if it is expressed in such a way.

  10. The art of providing anaesthesia in Greek mythology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntaidou, T K; Siempos, I I

    2012-07-01

    We endeavored to thoroughly review Greek mythology and collect tales dealing with anaesthesia and myochalasis (paralysis). Among the evaluated sources were the poems of Hesiod, the epics of Homer, the tragedies of the great Athenian poets (namely Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides) as well as the contributions of several Latin writers, including Ovid. We found several examples of achieving hypnosis, analgesia and amnesia through the administration of drugs (inhaled or not) and music. Adverse events of drugs used for this purpose, such as post-anaesthetic emergence delirium, hallucinations, respiratory arrest and penis erection, were described in the presented myths. We noted that providing sleep was considered a divine privilege, although several mortals (mainly women) exhibited such powers as well. The concepts of sleep and death were closely associated in ancient classical thought. This review may stimulate anaesthetists' fantasy and may help them realise the nobility of their medical specialty.

  11. Composição química e propriedades antioxidantes de duas espécies silvestres de camomila do Nordeste de Portugal: camomila-alemã e camomila-romana

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães, Rafaela; Barros, Lillian; Carvalho, Ana Maria; Queiroz, Maria João R. P.; FERREIRA, ISABEL C.F.R.

    2012-01-01

    As plantas são uma fonte importante de compostos bioativos e um exemplo de diversidade molecular, com potencial documentado para a descoberta e desenvolvimento de nutracêuticos e fármacos [1]. A camomila-alemã (Matricaria recutita L.) e a camomila-romana (Chamaemelum nobile L.) são duas espécies silvestres existentes na região de Trás-os-Montes (Nordeste de Portugal) e que têm ações etnofarmacológicas descritas. As decocções e infusões da primeira são utilizadas para constipações, bronquite, ...

  12. An ansatz for solving nonlinear partial differential equations in mathematical physics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbar, M Ali; Ali, Norhashidah Hj Mohd

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we introduce an ansatz involving exact traveling wave solutions to nonlinear partial differential equations. To obtain wave solutions using direct method, the choice of an appropriate ansatz is of great importance. We apply this ansatz to examine new and further general traveling wave solutions to the (1+1)-dimensional modified Benjamin-Bona-Mahony equation. Abundant traveling wave solutions are derived including solitons, singular solitons, periodic solutions and general solitary wave solutions. The solutions emphasize the nobility of this ansatz in providing distinct solutions to various tangible phenomena in nonlinear science and engineering. The ansatz could be more efficient tool to deal with higher dimensional nonlinear evolution equations which frequently arise in many real world physical problems.

  13. Un tratado de nobleza de un regidor coruñés de principios del siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Hurtado, Manuel Reyes

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available We present the publication and annotated study of a treatise on nobility written about 1621 by Juan Melio de Sande, an councillor from A Coruña. We emphasise the characteristics common to these kinds of texts and we try to clarify the author’s motives. In his format, argument, and authorities referred to, he could only follow the most reputable specialists on the subject of genealogy at that time.

    Presentamos la publicación y el estudio anotado de un tratado de nobleza redactado hacia 1621 por el regidor de A Coruña Juan Melio de Sande. Hacemos hincapié en las características comunes a este tipo de textos e intentamos dilucidar las motivaciones de su autor. En su formato, argumentación y autoridades empleadas no hace sino seguir a los más reputados especialistas en materia nobiliaria de su tiempo.

  14. Exención fiscal nobiliaria en el ámbito local bajomedieval : en torno a tres documentos de la villa de Belmonte

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    Luis Díaz de la Guardia y López

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentado en tres documentos inéditos de la villa de Belmonte (siglos XIV, XV y XVI y en documentación del Archivo Histórico Nacional (AHN, del Archivo General de Simancas (AGS y de la Real Chancillería de Granada (ARChG, el autor reflexiona sobre las exenciones nobiliarias en al ámbito local en relación con la problemática de las tierras pecheras en la Corona de Castilla.Basing on three unpublished documents of the town of Belmonte (XIV-XVI c. and the documentation of AHN (The National Historical Archive, AGS (The General Archive of Simancas and ARChG (The Royal Chancellery Archive of Granada, the author reflects on the fiscal immunities of the nobility in the local area related to the problem of the taxable lands in the Reign of Castile.

  15. The world of medicine depicted by Francisco de Goya. A tribute to the Goyescas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tainmont, J

    2008-01-01

    During his long life (1746-1828), Goya had many opportunities to meet patients and physicians. He saw, drew and engraved portraits of all kinds of physicians. He depicted sick persons, injured men and the disabled. He visited hospitals, praising those who tried to relieve suffering; he denounced charlatans and acclaimed the martyrs of science. Obsessed by the mouth and everything it expresses, Goya depicted himself without clemency, as a deaf man and as a patient. The deafness of the painter usually gave his work the characteristics of a nightmare. However, his depiction of medicine was also a metaphor of the struggle against the unhappiness of ordinary people, the arrogance of false scientists, the privileges of the nobility and the tyranny of the Inquisition.

  16. Quando rey perdemos nunq[u]a bien nos fallamos. La muerte del rey en la Castilla del siglo XIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez Monzón, Olga

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the funeral spaces of the Castilian kings during the 13th century, and the iconography of their tombs as the reflection of a political ideational system tending toward the sanctification of the monarchy. This elevation of royalty provoked an open conflict with certain members of the nobility and the royal family, as well as a political and artistic response.

    El presente artículo trata sobre los ámbitos fúnebres de los reyes castellanos durante el siglo XIII y la particularidad iconográfica de sus monumentos tumulares como reflejo de un ideario político tendente a la sacralización de la monarquía. El encumbramiento de la realeza provocó un abierto conflicto con determinados miembros de la realeza y la familia real y una respuesta política y artística.

  17. PENILAIAN PROFESIONALISME ADVOKAT DALAM PENEGAKAN HUKUM MELALUI PENGUKURAN INDIKATOR KINERJA ETISNYA

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    Agus Raharjo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The range of advocates work happens from investigation to law enforcement. The scope of the extensive works as a guard puts a major advocate in the resolution of the criminal case. The strategic position of the advocate and the pressure to win every case has caused most advocates take disgraceful behavior to achieve goals. Advocate profession as a real respectable profession (officium nobile stained by the act of advocate it self. Personal commitment to uphold professional ethics in the performance of duties is not supported by an adequate level of supervision. Indeed, in the field of work, advocates have independence, but in relation to professional ethics they are under control of supervisor commission established by the advocate organization. According to what we need the supervision maximized through ethical assessment of performance indicators. This article will explain what ethical performance indicators are and their assessment of informants who become the object of research.

  18. Social Success among Peninsular Immigrants in Peru: Integration, Prestige and Memory

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    Jorge PÉREZ LEÓN

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the social strategies used by some Spaniards in Peru during the eighteenth century. After achieving a certain amount of prosperity through business or by holding positions in the administration, these individuals pursued acceptance and recognition from their neighbors, an aim that necessarily led to integration. Marrying Creole women, obtaining all kinds of honorary positions along with ennoblement and post mortem legacies and foundations were some of the strategies used. The choice of a group of candidates for a position of nobility as the study sample provides a model of the social practices adopted by these groups, which were growing and fighting for their place in Peruvian society. 

  19. Georg Friedrich Kordenbusch and astronomy in Nuremberg in the second half of the 18th century. (German Title: Georg Friedrich Kordenbusch und die Astronomie in Nürnberg in der zweiten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaab, Hans

    In the second half of the 18th century, Georg Friedrich Kordenbusch (1731 - 1802) was the best-known living mathematician and astronomer in Nuremberg. Being a physician by training, he obtained, in 1769, the post of lecturer in mathematics and physics at the Egidien secondary school. Subsequently, he tried in vain to re-erect the observatory, torn down in 1751. In the early 1770s, he became famous for preparing the second edition of Johann Leonhard Rost's Astronomisches Handbuch that was, in its first edition of 1718, the first compendium of astronomy written in German, and which had a wide circulation. In 1790, Kordenbusch was raised to the nobility for his achievements.

  20. [Ag25(SR)18]¯: The ‘Golden’ Silver Nanoparticle

    KAUST Repository

    Joshi, Chakra Prasad

    2015-08-31

    Silver nanoparticles with an atomically precise molecular formula [Ag25(SR)18]¯ (‒SR: thiolate) are synthesized and their single-crystal structure is determined. This synthesized nanocluster is the only silver nanoparticle that has a virtually identical analogue in gold, i.e., [Au25(SR)18]¯, in terms of number of metal atoms, ligand count, super-atom electronic configuration, and atomic arrangement. Furthermore, both [Ag25(SR)18]¯ and its gold analogue share a number of features in their optical absorption spectra. This unprecedented molecular synthesis in silver to mimic gold offers the first model nanoparticle platform to investigate the centuries-old problem of understanding the fundamental differences between silver and gold in terms of nobility, catalytic activity, and optical property.

  1. Response of cattleya hybrids for Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cattleyae Foster

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    Cristiano Pedroso-de-Moraes

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The Cattleya genus has a great importance in the flower agro-business market. Fusarium wilts, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cattleyae, is considered one of the main factors of decline and death of plants of this genus. Using seven hybrids (intra and intergenerics of Cattleya, tests of resistance and susceptibility to F. oxysporum were performed in conditions of greenhouse for 12 months, using, as evaluation criterion, a scale of the disease severity ranging from one (resistant to eight (highly susceptible. High susceptibility to the fungus by Cattleya Nobile's Wax Toy, Cattleya Orquidacea's Mister Fast intrageneric hybrids and Potinara Orquidacea's Havana Brown intergeneric hybrid, related to Brassocattleya Orquidacea's Melody intergeneric hybrid, high resistance to the pathogens was observed.

  2. Amor Hereos: Understanding Love as Sickness in Fernando De Rojas’ La Celestina

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    Maja Šabec

    2008-12-01

    Surprisingly, the main features of amor hereos match the role and discourse of a lover in courtly literature: in both cases, the main characters come from the ranks of nobility; they fall in love at first sight, idealize the beloved woman, fall ill because of their unfulfilled (sexual desire for the woman, and may even die. Although both scholarly and literary texts create the idea that this illness occupied the entire representational world, the discussions merely list “theoretical” records on the illness, its causes, and its consequences; however, there are no medical reports on any concrete cases of amor hereos. Therefore, the assumption legitimately arises that this illness was not part of social practice and ideology at all, and was thus merely a set of scholarly and literary conventions.

  3. Nuevas claves para la lectura de Cornelia Bororquia (1801

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    Ricardo Rodrigo Mancho

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available During the last XVIIIth. and first XIXth century's years, the use of éclairé thought encourages an atmosphere favourable to the Inquisition's abolition. Cornelia Boroquia o la víctima de la Inquisició's central axis is the Holy Court's censure. The ex-trinitarian Luis Gutiérrez narrates all along this roman the defenselessness of a girl in Inquisition's gaol. The roman argües for religious tolerance, following the way of thought belonging to certain enlightened christianity, although it does not approach the radical tone reached by other Spanish exiles. While Marchena's exíleradicalize his political speech so as his dream of a society without classes, Luis Gutiérrez takes a more possibilistical anf reformer way. He trusts on the descendants of the enlightened party of Sapanish nobility to be a key-element in the modernization of Spanish thought.

  4. L’hôtel particulier et la collection d’antiques de Florimond de Raemond (1540 ?-1601 : un exemple du paraître bordelais à la fin du XVIe siècle

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    Aurélie Plaut

    2009-11-01

    to provincial nobility. This embodied for him a means of fitting into the intellectual circle of Bordeaux, and even becoming one of its important members. On a larger scale, it represents an interesting example of the process used at this period by the learned nobility to build a self-image, which matched the tastes of the place where this nobility evolved. Therefore, the 'visit' of this Bordeaux museum helps us to better grasp the intellectual, artistic and social codes of the learned nobility in the Bordeaux area at the end of the 16th century.

  5. Aprendizagem significativa, codificação dual e objetos de aprendizagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romero Tavares

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Um mapa conceitual pode ser entendido como uma teia de conceitos, onde fica patente a inter-relação entre eles. Podemos usar um mapa conceitual para explicitar os diversos conceitos utilizados em uma animação e desse modo, o mapa conceitual poderá atuar como estruturador global do conhecimento que está sendo focalizado com determinada abrangência.

    A codificação dual possibilita um suporte teórico consistente para a utilização integrada de textos conceituais, mapa conceitual e animação interativa. A teoria codificação dual indica que quando apreendemos uma informação através das codificações verbal (mapa conceitual e texto e visual (mapa e animação a possibilidade de compreensão desse conteúdo torna-se maior, principalmente por podermos utilizar as potencialidades específicas de transmissão de cada canal de interação (verbal e visual. Nessas circunstâncias, ainda deve ser enfatizada a facilidade de resgate dessa informação, que pode ser mais facilmente trazida à baila por contar com diversas possibilidades de conexões cognitivas, devidas justamente à codificação dual.

    A intenção desse trabalho é discutir as potencialidades dessa estratégia de ensino/aprendizagem, e apresentar um objeto digital de aprendizagem que utiliza a codificação dual.

  6. The Serbian family in the late Middle ages

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    Siniša Mišić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Marriage in Serbia in the middle ages was conducted only between persons belonging to the same social class. It was arranged and the woman would bring a dowry which would be controlled by the husband as long as the marriage lasted. Male children would inherit their father. Daughters played a significant role in connecting families through marriage. A man, unlike a woman would not bear any consequences in case of adultery. The consequence of this was a large number of extramarital children. In the Serbian state in the middle ages the family, or the “home” (kuća as it is named in sources, was the basic unit of society. The family could be nuclear or cooperative. Through the analysis of diplomatic data, as well as the first Turkish books – defters, one can see that one quarter of the population lived in nuclear families. More than half of the families which lived in cooperative arrangements were made up of small cooperatives numbering no more than two or three members. Almost all cooperative families were made up of father-son or brotherly cooperatives. The type of cooperative was largely influenced by the length of life or the capability of giving birth. The source material shows a small number of large cooperatives. Nuclear families and cooperative families are present in both the nobility and the small folk (dependents. There is no difference in the family structure with regard to social status. Nuclear families are omnipresent, and the characteristics of cooperative families are the same in nobility, serfs, sokalniks (a class a little above the serfs, who were most often servants, with certain privileges, priests, repairmen or fishermen. The difference is seen only within the Vlach population where in the cooperative there are more sons in law than in other populations. This is the result of an attempt of an agrarian population to move toward the status of herdsmen which was more favorable for them.

  7. Tocqueville revisited. The meaning of American prosperity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handy, C

    2001-01-01

    Why is business so admired in the United States and so often denigrated in Europe? How has America created 30 million new jobs in the last 20 years while the European Union, with a bigger population, only managed 5 million? What is feeding America's apparently inexhaustible appetite for growth and its recent dramatic improvements in productivity? In 1831, French philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville came to America to examine its prison system and returned with a vision of democracy so profound it has become part of our cultural heritage. More than a century and a half later, renowned British business philosopher Charles Handy retraces Tocqueville's intellectual journey, this time focusing not on democracy but on capitalism. The result is an eye-opening look at some of the fundamental assumptions underpinning business in America today. It is America's optimism that Handy finds most striking, the unquestioned belief that tomorrow can--and should--be made better than today. He contrasts this with the Spaniards when they came to the New World: No haya novedades, those Spaniards would say, "Let nothing new arise." The energy engendered by American optimism, coupled with the Puritan belief in work and in the nobility of earned wealth (as opposed to Europe's furtive attitude toward its nobility's inherited wealth) lies, in Handy's view, at the heart of America's success. Will American capitalism, born as it was from a property-owning democracy, now adapt to a dematerialized world, where property is intellectual rather than physical? Handy draws no absolute conclusions, but rather lays out the challenges that must be overcome for tomorrow to indeed continue to be better than today in this still-young country.

  8. Dealloying of Cu{sub x}Au studied by hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rajput, Parasmani, E-mail: parasmani.rajput@northwestern.edu [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, F-38043 Grenoble (France); Gupta, Ajay [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452 017 (India); Detlefs, Blanka [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, F-38043 Grenoble (France); Kolb, Dieter M. [Institute for Electrochemistry, University of Ulm, D-89069 Ulm (Germany); Potdar, Satish [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452 017 (India); Zegenhagen, Jörg [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, F-38043 Grenoble (France)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: ► The shift in binding energy of Cu and Au lines in CuAu alloys is opposite to expected from the nobility of the elements. ► The magnitude of the chemical shifts of the metal lines in CuAu alloys is strongly influenced by finite size effects and disorder. ► Cu 3s and/or Au 4f cross-sections are not well described by theory (Scofield). The Cu 3s photoabsorption cross-section seems to be strongly overestimated. ► We find/confirm that (CuAu) dealloying proceeds into depth like a spinodal decomposition. -- Abstract: We studied pristine and leached ultra-thin Cu{sub x}Au (x ≈ 4) films by hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The Au 4f and Cu 3s core levels show a shift in binding energy which is opposite to expected from the nobility of the elements, which is explained by charge transfer involving differently screening s and d valence levels of the elements [W. Eberhardt, S.C. Wu, R. Garrett, D. Sondericker, F. Jona, Phys. Rev. B 31 (1985) 8285]. The magnitude of the chemical shifts of the metal lines is strongly influenced by the finite size and disorder of the films. Angular dependent photoelectron emission allowed to assess the alloy composition as a function of depth larger than 5 nm. The potential controlled dealloying proceeds into depth like a spinodal decomposition with Cu going into solution and the remaining Au accumulating in the surface region. The compositional gradient did not lead to a significant broadening of the metal photoelectron lines suggesting a non-local screening mechanism.

  9. Bolwerk van de oude adel? Een kwantitatieve benadering van de adellijke vertegenwoordiging in het Belgische diplomatieke korps (1840-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gertjan Leenders

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available European diplomatic services in the nineteenth-century have often been characterised as strongholds of the old nobility. This article challenges this hypothesis by proposing a quantitative approach to the representation of the noble class in the Belgian diplomatic corps between 1840 and 1940. It is argued that, in comparison to the situation in the major European countries at that time, the Belgian nobility did not constitute a dominant factor in the diplomatic service, although it was better represented in the higher echelons. Throughout the nineteenth century, the number of aristocrats in the diplomatic service surprisingly rose simultaneously with the democratisation of politics. This re-aristocratisation of the diplomatic career is attributed mainly to the conferment of noble titles to diplomats with a middle-class background. Furthermore, this article will show that the democratisation of the diplomatic corps was a slow and gradual process, spread over the first half of the twentieth century.  De negentiende-eeuwse Europese diplomatieke diensten zijn vaak getypeerd als een bolwerk van oude adellijke families. Dit artikel bestudeert deze hypothese door de adellijke vertegenwoordiging in de Belgische diplomatie tussen 1840 en 1940 op een kwantitatieve manier te benaderen. In vergelijking met de Europese grootmachten van deze periode, vormde de Belgische adel geen dominante factor binnen de Belgische diplomatie, hoewel edelen wel beter vertegenwoordigd waren in de hoogste rangen van de hiërarchie. Verrassend genoeg steeg het aantal edelen aan het einde van de negentiende eeuw, op het moment dat de politiek meer en meer op een democratische basis georganiseerd werd. Deze re-aristocratisering van de diplomatieke carrière is voornamelijk toe te schrijven aan het verlenen van titels aan diplomaten met een burgerlijke achtergrond. Verder toont dit artikel aan dat de democratisering van het diplomatieke korps in de eerste helft van de twintigste

  10. Electrochemical, Polarization, and Crevice Corrosion Testing of Nitinol 60, A Supplement to the ECLSS Sustaining Materials Compatibility Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, R. E.

    2016-01-01

    In earlier trials, electrochemical test results were presented for six noble metals evaluated in test solutions representative of waste liquids processed in the Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) aboard the International Space Station (ISS). Subsequently, a seventh metal, Nitinol 60, was added for evaluation and subjected to the same test routines, data analysis, and theoretical methodologies. The previous six test metals included three titanium grades, (commercially pure, 6Al-4V alloy and 6Al-4V low interstitial alloy), two nickel-chromium alloys (Inconel(RegisteredTrademark) 625 and Hastelloy(RegisteredTrademark) C276), and one high-tier stainless steel (Cronidur(RegisteredTrademark) 30). The three titanium alloys gave the best results of all the metals, indicating superior corrosive nobility and galvanic protection properties. For this current effort, the results have clearly shown that Nitinol 60 is almost as noble as titanium, being very corrosion-resistant and galvanically compatible with the other six metals electrochemically and during long-term exposure. is also quite noble as it is very corrosion resistant and galvanically compatible with the other six metals from both an electrochemical perspective and long-term crevice corrosion scenario. This was clearly demonstrated utilizing the same techniques for linear, Tafel and cyclic polarization, and galvanic coupling of the metal candidate as was done for the previous study. The high nobility and low corrosion susceptibility for Nitinol 60 appear to be intermediate to the nickel/chromium alloys and the titanium metals with indications that are more reflective of the titanium metals in terms of general corrosion and pitting behavior.

  11. ON MINING ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN BANOVINA REGION (CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berislav Šebečić

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Mining activities in exploitation of iron, copper, and lead (-silver ores in Trgovska gora Mountain had been developed back in Illyrian and Roman times as well as in the Middle Ages and recent times whereas in Petrova gora Mountain exploitation of iron oreš and coal developed as late as in 19 and 20 centuries. In the Middle Ages and more recent times, Croatian nobility (counts of Zrinski and Keglević and later on also the foreign nobility or foreign and domestic mining associations were given mining concessions.The mining enterprise in the Banovina Region passed to different owners and managers from mid —19 century to mid — 20 century. During the Austro-Hungarian rule the main mining concession was owned by »Gewerkschaft der Eisenbergwerke und Huttenwerke Petrova gora zu Topusko« or its shorter version »Petrova gora Gewerkschaft«. The major mining entrepreneurs on the Trgovska gora Mountain at Bešlinac were Desire Gilain, Joseph Steinauer and Alois Frohm. After the World War I and confiscation of properties of foreign mining associations and entrepreneurs, there were constituted and bankrupted rather quickly the Petrova gora Association of Mines and Foundry at Topusko, the Slavenska Bank Zagreb (until 1923, as well as the Iron Mine and Foundry Inc. at Topusko. After the bancruptey of National Industrial Enterprise Zagreb (1929, the Mining Association and (Iron Foundry was founded at Bešlinac (1934. In the region of Banovina there were operating also: the Kupa-Glina Mining Association (active also during the Austro-Hungarian rule, Mineral Mining Association from Topusko, as vvell as the Iron Mine and Foundry Topusko-Vojnić Headquarters. All the mentioned associations and entrepreneurs were confiscated by the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in 1946.

  12. Politicians, Patriots and Plotters: Unlikely Debates Occasioned by Maximilian Hell's Venus Transit Expedition of 1769

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kontler, Laszlo

    2013-05-01

    This paper discusses the cultural and political contexts and reception of the most important by-product of Maximilian Hell's famous Venus transit expedition of 1768-69, the Demonstratio. Idioma Ungarorum et Lapponum idem esse (1770) by Hell's associate Janos Sajnovics. Now considered a landmark in Finno-Ugrian linguistics, the Demonstratio addressed an academic subject that was at that time almost destined to be caught up in an ideological battlefield defined by the shifting relationship between the Habsburg government, the Society of Jesus, and the Hungarian nobility. The "enlightened absolutist" policies of the former aimed at consolidating the Habsburg monarchy as an empire, at the expense of privileged groups, including religious orders as well as the noble estates. In the situation created by the 1773 suppression of the Jesuit order (a signal of declining patronage from the dynasty), the growing preoccupation on the part of ex-Jesuits like Hell and Sajnovics with "things Hungarian" could have been part of an attempt to re-situate themselves on the Central European map of learning. At the same time, the founding document of this interest, the Demonstratio, evoked violent protests from the other target of Habsburg policies, the Hungarian nobility, because its basic assumptions - the kinship of the Hungarian and the Sami (Lappian) language - potentially undermined the noble ideology of social exclusiveness, established on the alleged "Scythian" ancestry of Hungarians. By exploring the complex motives, intentions, reactions and responses of the chief agents in this story, it is possible to highlight the extra-scientific constraints and facilitators for the practice of knowledge in late eighteenth century Central Europe.

  13. Aristocracia y poder económico en la España del siglo XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Manuel Moral Roncal

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Durante el reinado de Alfonso XIII, la nobleza tuvo la oportunidad de reconstruir su poder económico mediante la modernización de sus fuentes de riqueza. Para ello fue necesario que las Casas nobiliarias se adaptaran tanto a una racionalización del gasto suntuario como a una adecuada política de inversiones en el tradicional sector agropecuario, la bolsa y la industria. Gracias a esta diversificación de sus rentas, la nobleza pudo resistir la crisis de 1929 pero no la política reformadora de la Segunda República. La Guerra Civil supuso el final de su hegemonía social —como referente elitista— y de su poder económico, situación que se agravó en la inmediata posguerra. Durante el régimen franquista comenzó un lento proceso de asimilación y disolución de los linajes nobiliarios en las nuevas elites sociales.During the reign of Alfonso XIII, the nobility had the opportunity of reconstructing his economic power by means of the modernization of his sources of wealth. For it was necessary that those nobiliary Houses adapted a so much a rationalization of the sumptuary expense as a political of the appropriate one of the investments in the agriculture, cattle raising, bag and the industry. To it causes of this diversifications of the rents, the nobility could resist the crisis of 1929 on the contrary that the politics of the Second Republic. The Spanish Civil War supposed the final of his social hegemony —as elitist relating— and his economic power, situation that was increased in the immediate postwar period. During the goverment of Franco began a slow process of assimilation and breakup of the nobiliary lineages in the new social elites.

  14. AZITROMICINA NO TRATAMENTO DA ERLICHIOSE MONOCÍTICA EM CÃES NATURALMENTE INFECTADOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Torres Cantadori

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment with azithromycin in dogs naturally infected with E. canis, and to analyse the clinical and hematological changes the animals would show. Ten dogs with positive diagnosis for E. canis through Elisa Snap 4Dx test were distributed into two groups, untreated and treated with azithromycin, 20 mg/kg, orally once a day for seven days. In addition to the physical exam, complete blood counts (CBC, smears made out from blood of the ear margin in order to detect ehrlichial morulae and nested PCR before treatment and post-treatment were performed. We found that the treatment was not effective, since the clinical signs did not disappear, as well as there was no return to normal values of the CBC in treated animas, neither the elimination of E. canis from the infected animals.

  15. Le problème inverse dans la synthèse sonore et la création musicale par réseaux masse-interaction

    OpenAIRE

    Villeneuve, Jérôme; Cadoz, Claude

    2011-01-01

    International audience; La synthèse sonore par modèle physique particulaire développée au laboratoire ICA et à l'ACROE avec le langage CORDIS-ANIMA et le logiciel de création sonore et musicale GENESIS se présente aujourd'hui comme un paradigme général susceptible de constituer le cœur d'un environnement complet pour la création musicale, de la création du son à la composition macro- temporelle et macro structurelle. Le " problème inverse " dans ce contexte se pose lors d'une des phases possi...

  16. Anexo 6. Gastos ocasionados por la fragata San Joseph en Valparaíso en setiembre de 1723

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Gastos que ha causado la fragata Señor San Joseph y las Animas en el puerto de Valparaíso del Reino de Chile desde el día 26 de Agosto que dió fondo en el hasta el día cuatro de octubre de 1723 que se hizo a la vela para el del Callao p. el propio a Santiago luego que llegué ocho pesos y ser invierno 8 p p. el anclaje a el cura 20 p p. 390 quintales de leña a dos reales 97 p 4 p. 40 quintales de biscocho con el que se gasto en el puerto a seis pesos 240 p p. seis vacas que se cogieron en las ...

  17. A Simple Method to Measure Nematodes' Propulsive Thrust and the Nematode Ratchet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bau, Haim; Yuan, Jinzhou; Raizen, David

    2015-11-01

    Since the propulsive thrust of micro organisms provides a more sensitive indicator of the animal's health and response to drugs than motility, a simple, high throughput, direct measurement of the thrust is desired. Taking advantage of the nematode C. elegans being heavier than water, we devised a simple method to determine the propulsive thrust of the animals by monitoring their velocity when swimming along an inclined plane. We find that the swimming velocity is a linear function of the sin of the inclination angle. This method allows us to determine, among other things, the animas' propulsive thrust as a function of genotype, drugs, and age. Furthermore, taking advantage of the animals' inability to swim over a stiff incline, we constructed a sawteeth ratchet-like track that restricts the animals to swim in a predetermined direction. This research was supported, in part, by NIH NIA Grant 5R03AG042690-02.

  18. Du don aux églises au don pour le salut de l’âme en Occident (ive-xie siècle : le paradigme eucharistique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Magnani

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Ce sont les historiens du droit les premiers qui se sont intéressés à ce qu’il a été convenu d’appeler les « donations pro anima » : ces actes de donation indépendants des actes de dernière volonté, apparus au début du viie siècle à Ravenne et dès la deuxième moitié du siècle en Gaule  ou dans l’Espagne wisigothique , qui se sont multipliés et devenus le « prototype » de l’acte juridique à l’âge féodal . Les médiévistes, ensuite, incorporant sans les discuter les catégories de l’anthropologie...

  19. Los prólogos de Baudelaire a sus traducciones de Poe : Un estudio traductológico

    OpenAIRE

    Nijensohn, Camila

    2012-01-01

    En 1856, Charles Baudelaire publica Histoires extraordinaires: trece cuentos de Edgar Allan Poe traducidos por él al francés y acompañados de un prólogo titulado “Edgar Poe, sa vie et ses oeuvres”. Un año más tarde, publica Nouvelles histoires extraordinaires, esta vez veintitrés cuentos, cuyo prólogo “Notes nouvelles sur Edgar Poe” continúa el anterior. La hipótesis que anima este trabajo es que los prólogos son un elemento esencial en el proceso de traducción; partiendo de la teoría del ...

  20. [Tertullianus and Agostinus. Approaches to dreams in ancient Christianity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genovese, Armando

    2009-01-01

    The author analyzes the nature and typologies of dreams in Tertullianus' De anima and, briefly, in the work of Agostinus, two centuries later. What are made dreams of? Are they autonomous productions of psyché or phantasia, or rather messages sent by demons or God, according to dreams' bad or good intimate nature? Is there a relation between time of the night and nature of the dreams? Moreover, is there a relation between seasons and dreams? Does a specific relationship between food, regimen and dreams exist? Which is the soul's faculty able to generate dreams? Is phantasia moved by some other deep and mysterious principle? Which are the connections linking human physiology and dreams?

  1. The Fall of Emily Grierson: A Jungian Analysis of A Rose for Emily

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chenghsun Hsu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the tragic life of Faulkner’s Emily Grierson, a life dominated by patriarchy and traditional Southern social values, which concludes with her living as a lonely recluse in her family’s decaying aristocratic house for more than forty years until her death. The key of the tragedy is her father, who isolates Emily from the outside world and tortures her with traditional patriarchal rules and Southern family duty. Emily is expected to lead a life like other girls; however, under the burden of old-fashioned, patriarchal responsibilities, her inner world collapses. This study uses the Jungian concepts of archetypes, persona and shadow, anima and animus to interpret Emily’s transitions and her fall. By examining the process through the lens of Jungian theories, the aspects that affect her fall in the patriarchal, aristocratic society, as well as the inherited social values, can be revealed and specified

  2. From Moscovici to Jung: the feminine archetype and its iconography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Saiz Galdós

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Our representations of women have their origins in the myths of the past. According to Jung, myths are the symbolic expression of the collective unconscious that expresses itself through archetypes. Archetypes are thus images that pass across generations: instruments of collective thought. The main archetypes we deal with in this article are the Mother and the Anima, or men´s feminine principle. Using Jung's concept of archetype to analyse women´s iconographic representations allows us to combine the notion of the collective unconscious with that of social representations. Whereas Moscovici´s theory of social representations offers us the possibility of analysing beliefs about women through history, Jung’s perspective reveals us the possibility of analysing the myths constructed around women as part of the archetypes people use to give sense to reality.

  3. Políticas del fluido híbrido y flexible. Para evitar falsos problemas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suely Rolnik

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Suponer que la realidad (o realidades se produce(n en el combate entre las distintas políticas que intervienen en su construcción, demanda diferenciar las fuerzas que componen lo real. Ese es el propósito que anima este artículo. Parte del concepto de subjetividad antropofágica y, por medio de una cartografía, plantea actualizar la Noción de subjetividad, para hacer el giro del territorio antropofágico al arte contemporáneo. Sostiene que la tarea de visibilizar las fuerzas afirmativas del poder poético del arte, implica hacerse cargo del combate entre fuerzas reactivas y creativas, condición para sustraer el espectáculo mediático de la escena artística.

  4. Análise biomecânica do joelho íntegro e com ruptura do ligamento cruzado cranial quanto ao grau de deslocamento cranial e rigidez articular em cães

    OpenAIRE

    Romano Leandro; Pereira Cezar Augusto Martins; Schmaedecke Alexandre; Saut João Paulo Elsen; Ferrigno Cássio Ricardo Auada

    2006-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar a função biomecânica da articulação do joelho de cães, comparando a medida de deslocamento cranial e a rigidez articular da tíbia em relação ao fêmur em articulações íntegras e com ruptura de ligamento cruzado cranial. MÉTODOS: Para realização do experimento foram utilizados 10 animas da espécie canina, com peso acima de 20 quilos. Avaliou-se biomecanicamente o grau de deslocamento da articulação do joelho com o ligamento cruzado cranial íntegro e seccionado cirurgicamente. ...

  5. Descartes: entre la psicología racional y la antropología filosófica

    OpenAIRE

    Cebrecos, Fermín; Universidad de Lima (Perú)

    2014-01-01

    La relación cartesiana entre psicología racional y antropología filosófica se plantea aquí a partir del concepto de sustancia. El dualismo ontológico de las dos sustancias finitas (res cogitans y res extensa), tan taxativamente expuesto en las Meditaciones metafísicas, sufre una restricción significativa en el Traité de l’homme y en De passionibus animae, obras en las que hay una  referencia explícita a la glándula pineal como punto físico de unión entre mente y cuerpo. El intento por explica...

  6. A Musical Fight between Soul and Body in 1600

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2014-01-01

    The subject of this article is a discussion of Emilio de' Cavalieri's early Baroque music drama, Rappresentatione di anima, et di corpo (The Play of Soul and Body), performed in Rome in 1600 with a particular focus on the ambivalence apparent in this work between the text's explicit pious plea...... for renouncing worldly pleasures on the one hand and, on the other hand, the theatrical, musical, and even textual means in the play intended to delight the audience, but also through this delight to bring about its religious message to the audience. This ambivalence may shed light on broader issues of cultural...... history connected to continuities and changes in Reform Catholicism in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Although seemingly influenced by a general pessimism of the time, the Catholic world could draw on a devotional, aesthetically resourceful, tradition providing ambiguous relief in contemporary...

  7. GeraÃÃo de personagens virtuais simulando o processo reprodutivo de seres diplÃides

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto CÃsar Cavalcante Vieira

    2007-01-01

    Em inÃmeras aplicaÃÃes de ComputaÃÃo GrÃfica, sÃo necessÃrios personagens virtuais, que podem ser utilizados em animaÃÃes, aplicaÃÃes educativas, representaÃÃo de usuÃrios em aplicaÃÃes de realidade virtual, etc. Geralmente o nÃmero de modelos disponÃveis à bastante limitado. CombinaÃÃes de cor do cabelo, textura da roupa e cor da pele sÃo utilizadas para ampliar as possibilidades de seleÃÃo. Neste trabalho, a reproduÃÃo humana à simulada para produzir um nÃmero ilimitado de personagens, que ...

  8. 浅谈动画中动作设计基本规律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艺嘉

    2014-01-01

    动画(Animation)一词,源自于拉丁字源anima,是灵魂的意思,而animation则指的是“赋予生命”,因此anmate被用来表示“使什么活动”的意思。广义而言,把原先一些不活动的东西,经过影片制作与放映,变成会活动的影像,即为动画。定义动画的方法,不在于使用的材质或创作方法。而是作品是否符合动画的本质。时至今日,动画媒体已经包含了各种形式。

  9. Multi-Hybrid Power Vehicles with Cost Effective and Durable Polymer Electrolyte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bose, Anima

    2014-02-28

    Anima Bose, the principal investigator of the project, originally proposed to develop composite membranes to operate PEMFCs at much higher temperatures than 80{degrees}C and to alleviate the flooding problems often encountered in Nafion menmbrane containing fuel cells. The PI has successfully created composite membranes by blending small quantities of octasilane-poss (OSP) with Nafion. The composite membranes exhibited temperature tolerance up to 110{degrees}C without scarifying cell performance as determined by polarization curves and proton conductivity measurements. These membranes also exhibited superior water management performance as evident from the lack of flooding. Furthermore, these fuel cells performed well under reduced humidities. Structural and thermal analyses revealed that these Nafion-octasilane composite membranes are homogenous at concentrations up to 3 wt% of the OSP and that the siloxane offers additional thermal stability.

  10. Carl Jung’s Archetypes in Malayalam Film: A Case Study on The Film ‘Urumi’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varghese Sona

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Movies are the visual- auditory symbolic narrative that explains the living reality of people. Films employ Carl Jung’s concept of archetypes-prototypical characters. This research provides an insight about the theory of archetype based on the assumption that archetypes resides deep inside human mind. The researcher proposes that the Malayalam film industry in India showcases the western concept of archetype using the movie Urumi as a case study. For this study, different clips are taken from the movie to represent six essential archetypes, namely, Hero, Anima, Animus, Mentor (sage, Shadow, and Trickster. The psychoanalysis of this movie carried out in this paper provides evidence for the existence of all six essential archetypes identified by Carl Jung. Thus this article will be a fruitful resource for future research in the field of psychoanalysis of movies.

  11. Pliocene and Quaternary Deposits in the Northern Part of the San Juan Basin in Southwestern Colorado and Northwestern New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Glenn R.; Moore, David W.

    2007-01-01

    Unconsolidated late Cenozoic deposits in the northern part of the San Juan Basin range in age from late Pliocene to Holocene. Most of the deposits are alluvial gravel composed of resistant quartzite, sandstone, and igneous, metamorphic, and volcanic rocks derived from the uplifted central core of the San Juan Mountains 20-50 miles (32-80 kilometers) north of the basin. Alluvial deposits are most voluminous in the Animas Valley, but deposits of gravel of the same general age are present in the La Plata, Florida, Los Pinos, and Piedra River valleys as well. Alluvial gravel forms tabular deposits, generally about 20 feet (6 meters) thick, that are exposed beneath a sequence of terraces at many levels above the rivers. Gravel layers 360 feet (110 meters) or less above the Animas River are glacial outwash. The gravel layers begin at the south toes of end moraines and extend discontinuously downvalley at least 10-20 miles (16-32 kilometers). Farther south, distinction between outwash and nonglacial alluvium is problematical. Alluvial gravel beneath higher terraces does not grade to end moraines. Glacial till forms a series of end moraines at the north edge of the town of Durango. The oldest moraines are farthest downvalley, are higher above the river, and have more mature surficial soils than do moraines farther north. The two youngest moraines, the Animas City moraines, are interpreted to be Pinedale in age. They have narrow, ridgelike crests and form nearly unbroken arcs across the valley floor. Small segments of still more weathered moraines, the Spring Creek moraines, are 170-230 feet (52-70 meters) above the river and are 660-990 feet (200-300 meters) farther downvalley. The oldest moraines, the Durango moraines, are on the north end of the unnamed mesa on which Fort Lewis College is located. The base is about 180 feet (55 meters) above the river. These oldest moraines may be of Bull Lake age. Alluvial fans, pediment gravel, and landslides are scattered at several

  12. Was the myth of Narcissus misinterpreted by Freud? Narcissus, a model for schizoid-histrionic, not narcissistic, personality disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javanbakht, Arash

    2006-03-01

    Gods and heroes of Greek myths have been of interest to psychoanalysts, who find them as symbols of human intrapsychic life, evolution, and conflicts. Many of these gods and heroes, like Oedipus, Electra, Eros, and Narcissus, have had their names given to psychological situations, conflicts, and diseases. Freud picked the myth of Narcissus as a symbol of a self-absorbed person whose libido is invested in the ego itself, rather than in other people. The term narcissistic personality disorder, also taken from the myth, describes a self-loving character with grandiose feelings of uniqueness. In this article, I reevaluate the myth of Narcissus and present a different psychoanalytic concept for this story. I view Narcissus as a symbol of a youth who seeks the image of anima or a feminine mental image in interpersonal love relationships, an image that can never be found in the real external world. This misguided quest for an imaginary love object only results in solitude.

  13. Samborondón Sport Center

    OpenAIRE

    Castro Schulz, Sabrina Jésica; Crespo Lecaro, Carlos Rafael; Quincha Faytong, Washington Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    En la era moderna, la evolución de los estándares de vida, tanto a nivel mundial como en el Ecuador, han cambiado notablemente las percepciones de la práctica de un deporte, del hecho de hacer ejercicio y del concepto de salud. Esto se ha convertido más que en un afán por mantenerse saludable en un nuevo estilo de vida, que cada vez tiene más adeptos. Día a día deseamos vivir bajo el ritmo de lo saludable, quizás el ejercicio no es para todos, pero un buen deporte anima hasta a...

  14. Algasid etendustesarja "Suveaaria 2009" proovid / Silja Joon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joon, Silja, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    10. juulist 10. augustini Pärnu Vanalinna Põhikooli õuel toimuvast Pärnu Ooperi korraldatavast etendustesarjast "Suveaaria", mille raames tuuakse installatsioon-ooperite sarjas "Kataloog" uuena välja soprani ja tenori duettide projekt "Armustseene kvaliteetooperitest" (laulavad Kai Kallastu ja Roland Liiv, etenduse lavastaja on koreograaf Kaspar Aus, kunstnik Pille Neeve, muusikalise lahenduse eest vastutavad heliloojad Andrus Kallastu ja Hans-Gunter Lock ning pianist Jorma Toots). Korratakse "Hullumisstseene kvaliteetooperitest" (esinevad sopran Kai Kallastu ja flötist Leonora Palu) ja eelmisel aastal mudaravilasse komponeeritud Locki eksperimentaalset muusikateatrietendust "Mudamuusikateraapia laboratoorium". Esitatakse Andrus Kallastu loomingul põhinev müsteerium "Valgus ja vari", milles kõlab "Stabat mater" elektroonikale, "Stabat mater" häälele (laulab Kai Kallastu, saateks Anima Mea elektroonika)

  15. Brentano on Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leslie Kavanaugh

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In Vienna at the end of the nineteenth century, a virtual explosion occured of thought, creativity and revolutionary energy. At the origins of phenomenology, Franz Brentano took inspiration from Aristotle's de Anima in order to provide the bridge between mental acts [psychisch] and sensible phenomena [physisch]; the link or relationship which he called intentional in-existence. Phenomenology would completely change the direction of how philosophy constituted its problems – the relation between the “physical” and the “psychic”, the inter-relatedness of all things, the relation of our body to space and time, as well as how phenomena “appear” to consciousness. This essay briefly sketches out this geneology, and explicates the importance of Brentano's thought on the issues of space-time-continuum.

  16. Orientación de los sepulcros megalíticos en el área meridional de la Península Ibérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Eugenia MUÑOZ VIVAS

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Por todos es sabido que el megalitismo se constituye como un complejo y variado grupo de manifestaciones culturales, religiosas, sociales y arquitectónicas. Nuestro propósito al tratar un aspecto concreto de este interesante mundo no es, sino aportar una nueva información que contribuya a esclarecer algún detalle de tan investigado pero aún oscuro fenómeno. El planteamiento que anima este trabajo es comprobar la hipótesis según la cual existiría una relación entre la orientación de los sepulcros megalíticos y un determinado ritual funerario.

  17. En diálogo con los artículos del dossier psicoanálisis y filosofía. ¿Hay un diálogo posible?/In dialogue with the articles of dossier psychoanalysis and phylosophy. Is there a possible dialogue?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Fernández

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la pregunta que anima este número de la revista ¿hay un diálogo posible entre el psicoanálisis y la filosofía? el presente artículo tiene como cometido realizar un dialogo con algunos autores del Dossier, tomando como punto de referencia los trabajos en los cuales está presente cierta problematización del psicoanálisis a través de los trabajos de Foucault. The main question that brings about this new issue of the Journal is about the possible or impossible dialog between psychoanalysis and philosophy. Particularly, this article considers author contributions to this issue challenging psychoanalysis through the lens of Foucauldian theory.

  18. Estresse oxidativo e lipoperoxidação devido à anemia induzida por perda aguda de sangue em ovinos

    OpenAIRE

    Fonteque,Joandes Henrique

    2005-01-01

    A produção de espécies reativas de oxigênio (ERO) é um evento presente em todas as células do organismo e pode estar aumentada em condições como hipóxia induzida pela anemia causando lesões em moléculas como DNA, lipídeos e proteínas. Com o objetivo de avaliar o estresse oxidativo na anemia induzida por perda aguda de sangue, foram utilizados 10 ovinos, mestiços da raça Texel, machos e fêmeas, com idade entre seis e oito meses, clinicamente sadios, mantidos em regime de confinamento. Os anima...

  19. Las convicciones religiosas en la argumentación bioética. Dos perspectivas secularistas diferentes: Sádaba y Habermas-Rawls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Burgos Velasco

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza dos posiciones secularistas sobre el papel de las convicciones religiosas en la argumentación bioética. El laicismo excluyente de Sádaba rechaza la racionalidad del hecho religioso y extiende una sospecha cautelar sobre la argumentación bioética del creyente. Por el contrario, la posición abierta de Habermas-Rawls considera a las religiones razonables como una de las visiones comprehensivas características del Estado liberal, anima a los ciudadanos secularizados a valorar sus aportaciones e insta al Estado secular y, por tanto, neutral, a no imponer a todos la cosmovisión laicista. Sólo la segunda perspectiva sienta las bases para un diálogo fructífero y sereno en el ámbito bioético.

  20. Guia de endereços eletrônicos para o estudo de cardiologia

    OpenAIRE

    Aikawa Luciana; Zornoff Denise Cássia Moreira; Matsubara Beatriz Bojikian

    2004-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Ampliar os recursos didáticos para estudantes de medicina, médicos e profissionais da área da saúde, estimulando o uso da Internet para fins acadêmicos ou de reciclagem em cardiologia. MÉTODO: Pesquisados e selecionados endereços eletrônicos com conteúdo acadêmico nas áreas da anatomia, biofísica, fisiologia, semiologia, eletrocardiografia e diagnóstico por imagem, com critérios de seleção, incluíndo relevância do conteúdo, clareza na apresentação e riqueza em recursos de animação e...

  1. Hegel's notion of natural purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michelini, Francesca

    2012-03-01

    This paper argues that the notion of natural purpose developed by Hegel can only be thoroughly grasped by considering its intimate connection with the idea of contradiction and, particularly, with what Hegel in his philosophy of nature called the 'activity of deficiency'. This expression is used by Hegel to denote the ontological situation of every living being, which is embodied most authentically in the concepts of need and drive. For Hegel, life itself is imbued with contradiction because it is inextricably bound up with what it lacks: its identity is at one with its negation. This paper defends the thesis that Hegel's philosophy-and not just his philosophy of nature-can be characterized as an 'ontology of life' (to use the same expression that Martin Heidegger applied to Aristotle's De Anima), or more precisely, as an ontology of living individuality.

  2. Entre las lógicas estratégicas de la guerra y el proceso de paz en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Acevedo Tarazona

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Como toda confrontación armada, el proceso de paz en Colombia en medio del conflicto tiene lógicas estratégicas tanto de la subversión como de los militares, las cuales se ponen en el juego de una racionalidad subyacente a las desafortunadas e ineludibles dinámicas de odios y venganzas. Al presente artículo lo anima una reflexión intelectual sobre tales lógicas, con una tesis distinta a la de la opinión generalizada, en la que se tratará de argumentar que la posición del gobierno no es tan débil o inerme frente a las FARC en la guerra de posiciones y la confrontación con un enemigo único.

  3. Pig liver sectorization and segmentation and virtual reality depiction Setorização e segmentação hepática do suíno e sua representação em realidade virtual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinamar José Zanchet

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To determine pig liver sectorization and segmentation through the representation of their correlation to portal and hepatic veins, and through the development of virtual reality (VR animation. METHODS: Twenty models were obtained by injection of portal and hepatic veins from Landrace pig livers with a methyl methacrylate solution, and by corrosion of the hepatic parenchyma with chloride acid 35%. VR animation of one of these models was conducted through graphic software (3D Studio Max 3.0. RESULTS: Constant presence of eight segments and six venous drainage sectors was observed. Pig portal vein bifurcation was not noticed. Hepatic veins were named according to their embryological origin. Correlation between venous system and hepatic parenchyma was established by means of VR animation. CONCLUSION: These models facilitated both the study of pig hepatic sectors and segments, and the proposal of hepatic veins nomenclature. These models have also been used for the development of VR animated models which show the correlation between the hepatic parenchyma and the pig liver venous system as well as the observation of them from several points of view.OBJETIVO: Determinar a setorização e a segmentação do fígado do suíno da raça Landrace, apresentando a sua relação com a veia porta e com as veias hepáticas, e desenvolver uma animação em realidade virtual. MÉTODOS: Foram obtidos 20 moldes por meio de injeção de uma solução de metil metacrílico nas veias hepáticas e porta, e corrosão do parênquima hepático com ácido clorídrico a 35%. Um desses moldes serviu como base para se desenvolver uma animação em realidade virtual do órgão utilizando-se o programa de computação gráfica 3D Studio Max. RESULTADOS: Observou-se a presença constante de oito segmentos e seis setores de drenagem venosa. Não se constatou uma bifurcação na veia porta do suíno. As veias hepáticas foram nomeadas com base na origem embriol

  4. Jung i Bachelard. Problem wyobraxni i mitu (JUNG AND BACHELARD. THE PROBLEM OF IMAGINATION AND MYTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilona Błocian

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to some specific 'area between' interpretative achievements of Freud, Jung and Bachelard. The imagination and myth problems are involved in more general perspective of philospophical conception of man in their works. Different models of human reason and imagination idealizing forces influenced procedures of an imaginal thinking and image itself interpretations. The basis of comparation is the unconscious (Freudian 'repressed unconscious', Jungian collective unconsciuos, complex and archetype conceptions as some kind of instruments to understand image formating process, phantasies, mythical and poetical image. An example of these differences is their interpretations of Promethean myth. A way of understand dream image, Anima and Animus archetypes refer to their specific theoretical frames.

  5. Una propuesta de lectura desde la écfrasis literaria en La Luz Difícil de Tomás González

    OpenAIRE

    Quintero Londoño, Claudia Patricia

    2014-01-01

    El objeto de este artículo es realizar una aproximación interpretativa de la novela La Luz Difícil de Tomás González, a partir de la noción de écfrasis desarrollada por el semiólogo francés, Michael de Riffaterre -- ¿De qué modo funciona esta figura en la configuración de la narración? Elucidar su caracterización y su intencionalidad en la obra es el propósito que anima este recorrido; en tanto que, la ejecución, la descripción y la interpretación de un cuadro son recreadas en paralelo al des...

  6. Una (revisión del mito y de lo imaginario desde la semiótica de C.S. Peirce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Torres Andacht

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo busca presentar un cruce teórico posible y fructífero entre el modelo semiótico triádico elaborado por C.S. Peirce y algunas nociones claves de las ciencias sociales, tal como fueron expuestas por algunos de sus primeros pensadores (Durkheim, Sorel y también de sus continuadores modernos (Anderson, Kolakowski. En torno al concepto de mito, de ritual y de imaginario, es posible establecer un diálogo con los elementos básicos de la semiótica peirceana. El propósito que anima esta reflexión es más el de señalar un camino futuro que el de presentar una tesis sobre cómo podría ser la confluencia de las ciencias sociales y la semiótica de tipo triádico.

  7. To be or not to be nas malhas híbridas do suporte digital YouTube: práticas de leitura, linguagens e o sujeito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leny André Pimenta

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, observa-se e reflete-se sobre as práticas de leitura de um curta-metragem de animação da cena de Hamlet, To be or not to be, no suporte digital YouTube. Partimos da premissa de que mudanças relativas ao suporte podem promover alterações nos procedimentos de leitura e, consequentemente, produzir efeitos de sentido que reverberam na constituição dos sujeitos discursivos, especialmente no que se refere à autoria. A reflexão sustenta-se na Análise do Discurso de ‘linha’ francesa e na Psicanálise lacaniana, em que os postulados ocupam-se da determinação histórica dos processos de significação, ao considerar que os sentidos são construídos de forma singular, na relação com o outro e em seu ambiente, e, para isso, o sujeito tem que se apropriar do campo da linguagem. Com base nesses pressupostos, o corpus configura-se na narrativa virtual do curta-metragem de animação no site Mabinogi: Hamlet - To be, or not to be, Scene One, o qual faz um recorte da obra clássica literária Hamlet de Shakespeare. Os resultados apontam para gestos de leitura múltiplos, híbridos, em que os sentidos e as possibilidades de coautoria podem reverberar no trabalho do sujeito adolescente, que se constitui por meio da/na linguagem e do questionamento sobre si mesmo.

  8. Shallow Miocene basaltic magma reservoirs in the Bahia de Los Angeles basin, Baja California, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado-Argote, Luis A.; García-Abdeslem, Juan

    1999-01-01

    The basement in the Bahı´a de Los Angeles basin consists of Paleozoic metamorphic rocks and Cretaceous granitoids. The Neogene stratigraphy overlying the basement is formed, from the base to the top, by andesitic lava flows and plugs, sandstone and conglomeratic horizons, and Miocene pyroclastic flow units and basaltic flows. Basaltic dikes also intrude the whole section. To further define its structure, a detailed gravimetric survey was conducted across the basin about 1 km north of the Sierra Las Flores. In spite of the rough and lineal topography along the foothills of the Sierra La Libertad, we found no evidence for large-scale faulting. Gravity data indicates that the basin has a maximum depth of 120 m in the Valle Las Tinajas and averages 75 m along the gravimetric profile. High density bodies below the northern part of the Sierra Las Flores and Valle Las Tinajas are interpreted to be part of basaltic dikes. The intrusive body located north of the Sierra Las Flores is 2.5 km wide and its top is about 500 m deep. The lava flows of the top of the Sierra Las Flores, together with the distribution of basaltic activity north of this sierra, suggests that this intrusive body continues for 20 km along a NNW-trending strike. Between the sierras Las Flores and Las Animas, a 0.5-km-wide, 300-m-thick intrusive body is interpreted at a depth of about 100 m. This dike could be part of the basaltic activity of the Cerro Las Tinajas and the small mounds along the foothills of western Sierra Las Animas. The observed local normal faulting in the basin is inferred to be mostly associated with the emplacement of the shallow magma reservoirs below Las Flores and Las Tinajas.

  9. On Intellectus Agens and Aristotellian separate substances: Aquinas' waterloo

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    Hector Zagal

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper deals with Saint Thomas's commentary to Aristotle's De Anima III, in wich we find the famous analogy of light. It is sustained that due to the limitations of the analogy, Saint Thomas is forced to introduce a series of Neo-platonic elements incompatible with Aristotle's philosophy. The author means to explain this "betrayal" to Aristotle's philosophy by one of his most credited commentators. It is concluded that in order to reconcile the pagan world with the Catholic theology, Thomas Aquinas needs to redirect Aristotle through a less economical argument; that is, the introduction of the Intellectus AgensEste artigo trata do comentário de São Tomás de Aquino ao De Anima III de Aristóteles, no qual se encontra a famosa analogia da luz. Sustenta-se que, devido às limitações da analogia, São Tomás é forçado a introduzir uma série de elementos neoplatônicos incompatíveis com a filosofia de Aristóteles. O intuito do autor é explicar essa "traição" à filosofia de Aristóteles, feita por um de seus comentadores mais abalizados. Conclui-se que, a fim de conciliar o mundo pagão com a teologia católica, Tomás de Aquino precisa redirecionar Aristóteles, através de uma argumentação menos econômica; isto é, através da introdução do Intellectus Agens

  10. New perspectives on a 140-year legacy of mining and abandoned mine cleanup in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yager, Douglas B.; Fey, David L.; Chapin, Thomas; Johnson, Raymond H.

    2016-01-01

    The Gold King mine water release that occurred on 5 August 2015 near the historical mining community of Silverton, Colorado, highlights the environmental legacy that abandoned mines have on the environment. During reclamation efforts, a breach of collapsed workings at the Gold King mine sent 3 million gallons of acidic and metal-rich mine water into the upper Animas River, a tributary to the Colorado River basin. The Gold King mine is located in the scenic, western San Juan Mountains, a region renowned for its volcano-tectonic and gold-silver-base metal mineralization history. Prior to mining, acidic drainage from hydrothermally altered areas was a major source of metals and acidity to streams, and it continues to be so. In addition to abandoned hard rock metal mines, uranium mine waste poses a long-term storage and immobilization challenge in this area. Uranium resources are mined in the Colorado Plateau, which borders the San Juan Mountains on the west. Uranium processing and repository sites along the Animas River near Durango, Colorado, are a prime example of how the legacy of mining must be managed for the health and well-being of future generations. The San Juan Mountains are part of a geoenvironmental nexus where geology, mining, agriculture, recreation, and community issues converge. This trip will explore the geology, mining, and mine cleanup history in which a community-driven, watershed-based stakeholder process is an integral part. Research tools and historical data useful for understanding complex watersheds impacted by natural sources of metals and acidity overprinted by mining will also be discussed.

  11. Mobilizing the cartographic paradox: tracing the aspect of cartography and prospect of cinema/Mobilizando o paradoxo cartográfico: traçando o aspecto na cartografia e o prospecto no cinema

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    Christopher Lukinbeal

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the contrast and challenge of cinematic cartographies may lie in querying what John Pickles (2004, p.89 calls the “cartographic paradox.” The cartographic paradox is that linear perspective and projectionism inform cartographic practice. Yet, these two scopic regimes are both complementary and contradictory. The cartographic paradox has been mobilized by montage, animation and motion pictures. The penultimate technology of linear perspective is cinema, whereas the penultimate technology of projectionism is GIS and animated cartography. I argue that understanding the mobilization of these scopic regimes may lead to the production of affective geovisualizations. A compreensão do contraste e do desafio das cartografias cinemáticas pode residir na indagação do que John Pickles (2004, p.89 chama de “o paradoxo cartográfico.” O paradoxo cartográfico é que a perspectiva linear e o projecionismo informam a prática cartográfica. Contudo, estes dois regimes de visão são complementares e contraditórios. O paradoxo cartográfico tem sido mobilizado pela montagem e a animação de imagens em movimento. A penúltima tecnologia da perspectiva linear é o cinema, enquanto que a penúltima tecnologia do projecionismo é o SIG e a animação cartográfica. Discuto neste artigo que compreender a mobilização destes regimes de visão pode conduzir à produção de geovisualizações afetivas.

  12. Des Méridionales à la Cour : l’exemple des demoiselles de Saint‑Cyr (1686‑1793 Southerners at the Court: the example of the ‘demoiselles’ of Saint-Cyr (1686–1793

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    Dominique Picco

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Certes Saint‑Cyr n’est pas Versailles, mais la proximité entre le château et la maison royale de Saint‑Louis est grande ; pour autant les liens entre cet établissement et la Cour ne se limitent pas à un voisinage géographique. Réservée aux demoiselles de la noblesse pauvre, cette institution est née en 1686 de la rencontre des passions éducatives de Mme de Maintenon avec la volonté politique du Roi‑Soleil de fidéliser une catégorie sociale désormais qualifiée par les historiens de noblesse « seconde ». La protection du monarque, éclatante sous Louis XIV, se fit plus discrète pendant les règnes de Louis XV et Louis XVI sans jamais, pour autant, être remise en question. À partir des Preuves de noblesse des demoiselles conservées à la BnF et du fonds Saint‑Cyr des Archives départementales des Yvelines, on connaît le lieu de baptême – assimilable au lieu de naissance –des 3 155 demoiselles qui fréquentèrent la maison jusqu’à sa fermeture en 1793. Parmi elles, 413 sont nées dans le Sud de la France. Pour faire le portrait de ces Méridionales, trois axes ont été retenus, la place du Midi ou des Midis dans le recrutement de la maison, la noblesse de ces lignages et le destin des anciennes élèves, marqué ou non par un retour au pays natal.Saint-Cyr is certainly not Versailles, but there was a close proximity between the Maison royale de Saint-Louis (known simply as Saint-Cyr and the palace, links that were not merely geographic. Reserved for the daughters of impoverished French nobility, Saint-Cyr was created in 1686 from the convergence between Madame de Maintenon’s passion for education and the Sun King’s political will to win the fidelity of a social category now known by historians as the ‘noblesse seconde’. During the reign of Louis XIV, support for the school was strong, but it was more subdued during the reigns of Louis XV and Louis XVI, though support was always present

  13. Los testamentos como fuente para la historia social de la nobleza. Un ejemplo metodológico: tres mandas de los Valladares del siglo XV

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    Otero Piñeyro Maseda, Pablo S.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The identification and study of the lineages which made up the galician nobility pyramid in the Late Middle Ages must be based on a meticulous analysis of the sources, amoung which the most noteworthy are wills of testament due to there rich quantity of information. The objective of this work is to offer some preliminary ideas regarding this type of document. By examining diferent tendencies and describing methodologies, it is possible to make the best use of the information held within these documents in order to improve the study of the social history of the nobility. This work includes the publication and commentary of the wills of testament of three members of the Valladares lineage from the Late Middle Ages.La identificación y estudio de los linajes que conformaron la pirámide nobiliaria gallega en la Baja Edad Media deben fundamentarse en un cuidadoso análisis de las fuentes, entre las que destacan por su especial caudal informativo los testamentos. El objetivo de estas páginas es ofrecer unas primeras reflexiones sobre esta tipología documental: examinar algunas tendencias y anotar cuestiones metodológicas para el mejor aprovechamiento de sus posibilidades en el contexto de la historia social de la nobleza. El estudio se completa, o ilustra, con la edición y comentario de los testamentos de tres personajes de la estirpe de los Valladares, todos del final de la Edad Media. [gl] A identificación e estudo das liñaxes que conformaron a pirámide nobiliaria galega na Baixa Idade Media deben fundamentarse nunha coidadosa análise das fontes, entre as que destacan polo seu especial caudal informativo os testamentos. O obxectivo destas páxinas é ofrecer unhas primeiras reflexións sobre esta tipoloxía documental: examinar algunhas tendencias e anotar cuestións metodolóxicas para o mellor aproveitamento das súas posibilidades no contexto da historia social da nobreza. O estudo complétase, ou ilústrase, coa edición e comentario

  14. La mitad de oficios en concejos : Madridejos y otros casos, entre el Medievo y la Edad Moderna

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    Luis Díaz de la Guardia y López

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Bajo la excusa de los sucesos acontecidos en villas y lugares como Madridejos y otras poblaciones, tanto en los siglos XV como XVI, donde diversos grupos de personas cohesionados y formando estado solicitan, exigen y, con frecuencia, consiguen por medio de litigio penetrar en las instituciones municipales, se realiza un estudio sobre la institución de la mitad de oficios, defendiendo su naturaleza no nobiliaria sino de Derecho público y estableciendo unos parámetros definitorios que puedan englobar a toda esta institución entendida tanto como tipología electoral y como tipología estructural de los concejos castellanos, así como derecho que puede ser alegado por nobles — mayoritariamente— pero también por pecheros ya sean cristianos viejos o nuevos, labradores o caballeros villanos, pobres o ricos. De igual modo a través del presente análisis se demuestra la dificultad que en muchas ocasiones representaba conseguir el fin deseado y cómo los derrotados en los pleitos de mitad de oficios hacían valer determinadas artimañas y excusas para no establecer o demorar el establecimiento de esta institución, llegando incluso a hacer nula la actividad y lo obtenido por el estado que propugnaba el establecimiento de esta institución en sus concejos.In the 15th and 16th centuries, cohesive groups of citizens with a common cause made a request, a demand or, frequently, entered into litigation to penetrate municipal institutions, as occurred in Madridejos and other towns. This paper studies the institution of mitad de oficios or half of trades. A defence is made of the fact that it was a matter of public Law and not of the nobility. The parameters given to define it encompass the institution as a whole: as an electoral factor; as part of the framework of Castilian councils; and as a right claimed by the nobility, mostly, but also by commoners, whether they were old Christians or new, farmers or caballeros villanos, rich or poor. The paper

  15. Élites di governo e «mastre» ad Agrigento fra Trecento e Quattrocento

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    Titone, Fabrizio

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Even if the Sicilian state communities acquired a new and central importance during the reigns of Martino and of Alfonso V, with a few exceptions there is no monographic or comparative research on the urban social dynamics. This article concerns the town of Agrigento and, in particular, the origin of the city groups, their various political roles and the power balances among various government groups with reference to the formation of lists of those eligible for election for various local council posts. It is thought that the institutions of such lists represented the victory of aristocracy over other social groups in urban dynamics from the second half of the reign of Alfonso. It has been shown, on the contrary, that the applications, even if confirmed, of those eligible for election didrit necessarily mean that they were actually accepted. From this situation a system of government arose in which the magistri carried out an important role during the whole reign of Alfonso, without undergoing any serious exclusion on the part of the nobiles.

    Sebbene le comunità demaniali siciliane acquisiscano un peso centrale ed inedito nei regni di Martino e di Alfonso V, a parte poche eccezioni mancano ricerche monografiche e comparate delle dinamiche sociali cittadine Questo articolo prende in esame la città di Agrigento, in particolare la formazione dei raggruppamenti sociali, il loro differente ruolo politico e gli equilibri di potere tra i gruppi di governo, con riferimento alle istituzioni delle liste di eleggibili per l'elezione alle cariche locali. E opinione comune che le istituzioni di tali liste rappresentino l'affermazione della aristocrazia, sugli altri raggruppamenti sociali, nelle dinamiche urbane sin dalla seconda metà del regno alfonsino. Si dimostra, invece, che le richieste di elenchi di eleggibili, anche se placitate, non comportano necessariamente una loro effettiva applicazione. Ne risulta un quadro di governo in cui

  16. Los López de Lemos, señores de Ferreira y Sober. El linaje y sus parentelas en los siglos XIII al XVI

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    Pardo de Guevara y Valdés, Eduardo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As has been highlighted on many occasions, the medieval nobility studies require a knowledge built on more accurate and secure their networks lineages and parents. Hence the importance of undertaking studies genealogical database and prosopographic as offered here, focusing on the López de Lemos, a famous but little known lineage that represents very well the profile of the nobility that formed the second interior Galicia. The careful genealogical research done to offer a fairly accurate picture of its formation and consolidation process, articulated from the heritage nucleated around the fortress of Ferreira. Under this effort are revealed signs of lineage identity and life trajectories of each of the characters who represented him, standing at last the milestones of their parental relationships and the different branches under their offspring led.

    Como ha sido resaltado en múltiples ocasiones, los estudios sobre la nobleza medieval precisan construirse sobre un conocimiento más exacto y seguro de los linajes y sus redes parentales. De ahí el interés de abordar estudios de base de carácter genealógico y prosopográfico como el que aquí se ofrece, centrado en los López de Lemos, un célebre pero poco conocido linaje que representa muy bien el perfil de los que conformaron la segunda nobleza del interior de Galicia. La cuidada pesquisa genealógica realizada permite ofrecer un panorama bastante preciso de su proceso de conformación y consolidación, articulado a partir del patrimonio nucleado en torno a la fortaleza de Ferreira. Al amparo de este empeño se desvelan los signos de identidad del linaje, así como las trayectorias vitales de cada uno de los personajes que lo representaron, destacándose por último los hitos fundamentales de sus relaciones parentales y de las diferentes ramas menores que sus vástagos encabezaron.

  17. Nota sobre el archivo de la familia Pardo Gil Taboada

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    Saurín de la Iglesia, María Rosa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The intention of the bequest of the archives of Pardo Gil-Taboada to the Archive of the Kingdom of Galicia was that of establishing the genealogy of those who were the original source of such document. These notes attempt to sketch the profile of a noble family from they left the first traces of their existence, to well into the XX century. Going beyond the simple enumeration of individuals – “as if the nobility had no other function than the reproductive” – requires the addition of evidence about the way individuals behaved and collective traits and predispositions of the family group. Hence it is hoped that in future researchs this guide will facilitate and provide data about the formation of a family heritage and criteria on its administration, on the role played by women in the accumulation of wealth, attitudes towards life and the participacion by the nobility in the economic development of Galicia, and other aspects which may be of interest to both historians of sociology and economics.

    La donación del archivo Pardo Gil-Taboada al del Reino de Galicia requería establecer la genealogía de quienes originaron tales documentos. Estos apuntes intentan trazar el perfil de una familia hidalga desde que empezó a dejar señales de su existencia hasta bien entrado el siglo XX. Superar la simple enumeración de personas - “como si la nobleza no hubiera tenido más función que la reproductora”, en palabras de Domínguez Ortiz – suponía añadir indicaciones sobre comportamientos individuales y tendencias colectivas del grupo familiar y eso es lo que se ofrece aquí sinteticamente, como una guía de urgencia que anuncie a futuros investigadores lo que podrán hallar en esta documentación: datos sobre la formación de un patrimonio familiar y sobre los criterios de administrarlo, sobre el papel de las mujeres en la acumulación de bienes, actitudes ante la vida, participación de la hidalguía en el crecimiento económico de

  18. Archrtypal Analysis of Bijan and Manije Story

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    Tayebeh Jafari

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Manije and Bijan story, a poem by a great poet, Firdausi Tousi, like his other stories in Shahname is a story which can be analyzed by archetyoal approach. According to this approach, this story can be considered as the individuation of here of this story, Bijan, who voluntarily enters into the individuation and psychological growth by being called. In his perfection cycle which is started and in Iran, by the trickery of evil wise old (gorgin, Bijan meets his Anima of unconscious. Bijan, who lived in Ashkanian era as some researchers believe, is one of the prime characters in Shahnameh. From mythical point of view, Bijan story, which is known as one of ancient myths, is the indicator of feminine society in Iran. Bijan story, like Bahram Chobin, Rustam and Sohrab, Ardeshir Babakan, and Rustam and Esfandiar, is an independent story added to Shahnameh. The comparison of Bijan story with other stories of Shahnameh represents this issue that Ferdowsi composed Bijan story in his youth and just after Daghighi’s death. Because Bijan story, like most other stories of Shahnameh and other myths, has a quite symbolic structure and motifs, Jung archetypal point of view is helpful to discover a lot of mysteries. In the present article, Bijan story is analyzed from Jung’s archetypal point of view. According to this theory, there are a lot of symbols, motifs and archetypes in this story. There is a united structure in every story formed base on its plot thus, to discover the structure of a symbolic story is an important act.   The symbolic motif of Bijan story is reaching the perfection and the story structure is completely commensurate with this motif the move is started from Iran, which is the indicator of Bijan story’s consciousness, then the hero after getting individual experience in land of unconscious, Turan, comes back to Iran. Bijan voluntary goes on a dangerous and symbolic way as the hero. Actually he is the portrayal of a part of

  19. Palavras do editor

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    Nelkis de la Orden Medina

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available É com satisfação que apresentamos a edição 5 da Revista Eletrônica de Sistemas de Informação. Os trabalhos apresentados constituem um meio de divulgação das pesquisas e reflexões sobre diferentes temáticas da área de informática. Fazem parte desta edição cinco artigos, abordando assuntos relacionados à multimídia, gestão do conhecimento, gestão de projetos e informática aplicada à medicina. Rogério Kinape e Mardson Amorim nos trazem o artigo “A study of the most important image quality measures” que apresenta uma discussão sobre as medidas de qualidade de imagem quanto ao seu desempenho. Andréa Sabedra Bordin e Renato Balancieri são os autores do trabalho “Proposta de uma Arquitetura de Agentes Móveis para Recuperação de Informação Útil e Distribuída no Processo de Gestão do Conhecimento”, no qual apresentam uma proposta para a utilização de uma arquitetura de agentes móveis no processo de gestão do conhecimento. No artigo “Técnicas de Animação em Ambientes Tridimensionais” os autores Walter Dutra da Silveira Neto e Adrei Krepsky apresentam um estudo dos princípios fundamentais de animação aplicados a um ambiente virtual de animação tridimensional. O artigo “Limitações das Atuais Soluções em Software: Uma Visão para Desenvolvimento de Ferramentas em Gestão de Projetos” dos autores Dani Juliano Czelusniak, Alessandro de Oliveira Binhara, Carlos Eduardo Yamasaki Sato, Dario Eduardo do Amaral Dergint e Luiz Alberto Pilatti apresenta um estudo que visa verificar as atuais limitações dos softwares de auxílio ao gestor de projetos, demonstrando como novas tecnologias de desenvolvimento de software podem contribuir para a construção de ferramentas mais eficazes. O quinto artigo de Osmir Kmeteuk Filho e Carolina Richter Anacleto, “Telemedicina: possibilidades versus realidade” apresenta um estudo das necessidades tecnológicas para a aplicação da telemedicina. Estes artigos

  20. Light-seeds within: The alchemy of re-finding light in the world soul

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, Stacy Lynn

    The light of the Anima Mundi has been repressed for over two thousand years. From a feminine in-sighting, this dissertation considers the reasons for the World Soul's repression and how her light can be renewed. The division of body and mind, image and word, physicality and spirituality, as well as nature and science has been costly, though this time of crisis also holds great opportunity to change perspective and live differently. The art of alchemy contains the secrets to transform elements in opposition into those in relationship in order to give birth to something new. Where feminine and masculine have been divorced and divided, the 'Royal Art' of alchemy seeks to renew soul in the world as an experience of life's interconnectivity and as a sacred marriage of matter and spirit. Through the four elements and three alchemical stages, this journey articulates the amorphous unconscious to evolve the light within the body of the microcosm and the macrocosm. The study's phenomenological perspective merges creative imagination with experiential gnosis in an exploration of the rich tapestry and mystery of an esoteric tradition. Through dream tending and active imagination, one connects to the subtle body, the imaginal world, and mythological regions with archetypal energies where elemental symbols are seeds. When cultivated and tended, these seeds grow into embodied feelings, visceral happenings. These experiential moments contain the revelations necessary for personal and global transmutation. Alchemy's tenet of 'as above, so below' holds a simple truth. When an individual works on her light, the Anima Mundi's light grows brighter. The alchemical process awakens love as the animating essence, the divine spark within the heart of all life---the gold in every atom of creation. Where matter and spirit conjoin, the hierosgamos reveals life's divine nature as an intimate dance and a web of interconnectivity. When lived for the sake of the whole and seen with the eyes of an

  1. The Constabulus manuscript in Durham Cathedral Library: A Forgotten Treasure?

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    Robinson, Maureen

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Johannes Hispalensis (John of Seville, working from Limia in Portugal and then Toledo in twelfth century Spain, translated mostly mathematical treatises from Arabic into Latin. His early work began in Limia with three medical translations c. 1118. One, the De differentia spiritus et animae originally bore the signature 'Johannes Hispalensis et Limiensis'. Not all scholars agree that this translator was Johannes Hispalensis. However, evidence supporting the theory that there was only one translator is provided by the De differentia, which resurfaced years later in a revised version dedicated to Raymond, Archbishop of Toledo from 1125 to 1152. It bore the shortened name: Johannes Hispalensis. An unknown copy of this revised version has been discovered in Durham Cathedral where it has lain dormant for 800 years. It contains a plethora of scribal mistakes, helping to prove that many of the inconsistencies between different copies of the same Latin manuscripts are due to human error rather than multiple identities working on the same translation.

    Johannes Hispalensis (Juan de Sevilla, que trabajó en Limia (Portugal y más tarde en Toledo, en la España del siglo XII, tradujo sobre todo tratados matemáticos del árabe al latín. Sus primeras obras comenzaron en Limia con tres traducciones sobre medicina alrededor del año 1118. Una de ellas, De differentia spiritus et animae, llevó originalmente la firma 'Johannes Hispalensis et Limiensis'. No todos los especialistas en esta época están de acuerdo en que este traductor fuera Johannes Hispalensis, Sin embargo, la obra De differentia aporta pruebas que apoyan la teoría de que hubo un único traductor. Dicha obra reapareció unos años más tarde en una versión revisada y dedicada a Raimundo, el Arzobispo de Toledo, entre 1125 y 1152. Llevaba el nombre abreviado: Johannes Hispalensis. Una copia desconocida de esta versión revisada fue hallada en la catedral de

  2. Availability and quality of ground water, southern Ute Indian Reservation, southwestern Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brogden, Robert E.; Hutchinson, E. Carter; Hillier, Donald E.

    1979-01-01

    Population growth and the potential development of subsurface mineral resources have increased the need for information on the availability and quality of ground water on the Southern Ute Indian Reservation. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Southern Ute Tribal Council, the Four Corners Regional Planning Commission, and the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs, conducted a study during 1974-76 to assess the ground-water resources of the reservation. Water occurs in aquifers in the Dakota Sandstone, Mancos Shale, Mesaverde Group, Lewis Shale, Pictured Cliffs Sandstone, Fruitland Formation, Kirtland Shale, Animas and San Jose Formations, and terrace and flood-plain deposits. Well yields from sandstone and shale aquifers are small, generally in the range from 1 to 10 gallons per minute with maximum reported yields of 75 gallons per minute. Well yields from terrace deposits generally range from 5 to 10 gallons per minute with maximum yields of 50 gallons per minute. Well yields from flood-plain deposits are as much as 25 gallons per minute but average 10 gallons per minute. Water quality in aquifers depends in part on rock type. Water from sandstone, terrace, and flood-plain aquifers is predominantly a calcium bicarbonate type, whereas water from shale aquifers is predominantly a sodium bicarbonate type. Water from rocks containing interbeds of coal or carbonaceous shales may be either a calcium or sodium sulfate type. Dissolved-solids concentrations of ground water ranged from 115 to 7,130 milligrams per liter. Water from bedrock aquifers is the most mineralized, while water from terrace and flood-plain aquifers is the least mineralized. In many water samples collected from bedrock, terrace, and flood-plain aquifers, the concentrations of arsenic, chloride, dissolved solids, fluoride, iron, manganese, nitrate, selenium, and sulfate exceeded U.S. Public Health Service (1962) recommended limits for drinking water. Selenium in the ground water in excess of U

  3. THE WAY TO THE SELF: THE NOVEL «STEPPENWOLF» THROUGH THE LENS OF JUNGIAN PROCESS OF INDIVIDUATION

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    Tetiana V. Danylova

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. This paper aims to analyze the life journey of Harry Haller, protagonist of H. Hesse’s novel «Steppenwolf», in the context of Jungian process of individuation. Methodology. The author has used C.G. Jung’s theory of archetypes, along with hermeneutical methodology. Theoretical basis and results. «Steppenwolf» is the story of a man who is dogged by controversy: he feels himself to be a human and a wolf at the same time. Harry Haller learns from the «Treatise on the Steppenwolf» that he has more than two natures. Actually, he consists of hundreds and thousands of them. This idea is based on Jung’s concept of the collective unconscious. And the very novel «Steppenwolf» brightly illustrates Jung’s individuation process. Harry Haller’s mission is to overcome opposition between his social cultural «I» and Shadow (Steppenwolf, to recognize and accept his Anima (Hermine, to understand the mystery of the identity of Pablo, who embodies chthonic depths, and Mozart, who represents sublime spirituality, that is, to comprehend his own Self. Scientific novelty. In the novel, the human nature is depicted as the eternal struggle and eternal unity of two polarities. Individuals have to realize this unity on their way to the Self. Recognizing, confronting and assimilating the Ego, Anima/Animus, Shadow into the larger realm of the Self, one achieves a new level of consciousness. However, this is a never-ending process, unattainable ideal. At the end of the novel, Harry Haller failed to cope with this challenge. It seems that he has remained at the same point, where we had met him. However, nothing was impossible − everything was just beginning. Conclusions. The questions raised by Jungian analysis push us beyond our limits to the great alchemical mystery − the wholeness of our own souls. For the salvation of humankind as a whole and every single human in our world full of conflicts and violence, we all need to

  4. Self-Similarity in Population Dynamics: Surname Distributions and Genealogical Trees

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    Paolo Rossi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The frequency distribution of surnames turns out to be a relevant issue not only in historical demography but also in population biology, and especially in genetics, since surnames tend to behave like neutral genes and propagate like Y chromosomes. The stochastic dynamics leading to the observed scale-invariant distributions has been studied as a Yule process, as a branching phenomenon and also by field-theoretical renormalization group techniques. In the absence of mutations the theoretical models are in good agreement with empirical evidence, but when mutations are present a discrepancy between the theoretical and the experimental exponents is observed. Hints for the possible origin of the mismatch are discussed, with some emphasis on the difference between the asymptotic frequency distribution of a full population and the frequency distributions observed in its samples. A precise connection is established between surname distributions and the statistical properties of genealogical trees. Ancestors tables, being obviously self-similar, may be investigated theoretically by renormalization group techniques, but they can also be studied empirically by exploiting the large online genealogical databases concerning European nobility.

  5. Portrait historié: Ladies as goddesses in the 18th century European art

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    Sibel Almelek İşman

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Portrait historié is a term that describes portrayals of known individuals in different roles such as characters taken from the bible, mythology or literature. These portraits were especially widespread in the 18th century French and English art. In the hierarchy of genres established by the Academy, history painting was at the top and portraiture came next. Artists aspired to elevate the importance of portraits by combining it with history. This article will focus on goddesses selected by history portrait artists. Ladies of the nobility and female members of the royal families have been depicted as goddesses in many paintings. French artists Nicolas de Largillière, Jean Marc Nattier and Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun; English artists George Romney and Sir Joshua Reynolds can be counted among the artists working in this genre. Mythological figures such as Diana, Minerva, Venus, Hebe, Iris, Ariadne, Circe, Medea, Cassandra, Muses, Graces, Nymphs and Bacchantes inspired the artists and their sitters. Ladies were picturised with the attributes of these divine beings.

  6. 东汉邓禹家族的文德教育与文学成就%The Virtue-Literary Education and Literary Achievements of Deng Yu's Family in Eastern Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘德杰

    2012-01-01

    邓禹家族是东汉世族中"可以为后世法"的文化典范。他们注重德行与文学教育,培养了矜重内敛、好尚学问而不弃武略的家风。邓禹家族文学主要是政治家的文学,以严密的理性分析见长,彰显了邓氏政治家经纬天下的胸怀与韬略,对汉魏政治、经学、文史之学影响很深。%Deng Yu's family is a cultural model in Eastern Han Dynasty that would be followed by the later generations of nobility. The family always pays attention to education in virtue and literature, thus develops a family tradition that is reserved, introverted, eager to learn and not underestimating military strategy. Deng Yu family's literature is mainly of political nature, known for rigorous rational analysis, which demonstrates Deng's mind and military strategy in charge of the country. Deng Yu family's literature influences profoundly on the politics, Confucianism, literature and historiography in Han-Wei period.

  7. La difesa della donna ebrea: Sara Copio Sullam e Debora Ascarelli

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    Umberto Fortis

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Sara Copio Sullam and Debora Ascarelli, the best-known Jewish women poets of the age of the Italian ghetto, have often been studied with a focus on the distinctive features of their writing: the former as a translator of sacred texts, the latter as the author of original verses, sometimes written as a risposta per le rime (reply through rhymes or in defence of her orthodoxy. They share, however, a common theme, which has often been neglected: the defence of the Jewish woman, which is overt in some of Copio’s sonnets and prose, whereas it has not yet been properly pointed out in some of Ascarelli’s verses. This paper aims at bringing this theme to the fore not only in Copio, through a rereading of some passages of her Manifesto, but also in Debora Ascarelli, through an analysis of her few original verses. These hendecasyllables certainly reflect the Petrarchan and classicistic atmosphere of the late 16th century in Rome, but they are far from the mainstream modes of women’s poetry of the age. They allow us, therefore, to highlight, besides the differences, the similarities between the two poetesses; their commitment, in the late 16th and early 17th century, to the intellectual and moral defence of the Jewish woman, in a context of general depreciation of women, but also in the background of the claim to the “nobility and excellence of women”.

  8. The“affection based”Idea and Its Values in Moral Reconstruction in Ethics View%伦理学视野下的“情本体”思想及其在道德重构中的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐萍; 刘洁

    2013-01-01

    Mr. Li Zehou’s book“Ethics Framework”explains his“anthropological history of ontology”ethical philosophy: abandons Kant’s“practical reason”, puts forward two morals and“rational cohesion”concept, and discusses the“feeling body”ideology. Mr. Li Zehou’s“affection ontology”thought in ethical philosophy is of a very important value in re-establishing moral sanctity and nobility, building contemporary ethical mor-al and updating contemporary moral philosophy of education.%李泽厚先生的《伦理学纲要》一书阐释了他的“人类学历史本体”的伦理哲学思想:扬弃了康德的“实践理性”,提出了两种道德及“理性凝聚”概念,论述了“情本体”思想。李泽厚先生的伦理哲学思想中的“情本体”思想,对重新确立道德的神圣性与崇高性、构建当代的伦理道德以及更新当代道德教育理念等方面,都具有十分重要的价值。

  9. Arquetas nobiliarias de la segunda mitad del siglo XVI para el servicio de la Iglesia

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    Heredia Moreno, Carmen

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article several silver caskets dating from the second half of 16th century are analysed. They belonged to distinguished members of the nobility and today are located in various Castilian churches. Their shape, origin and iconography are studied as well as the important role that these profane objects played in the Catholic liturgy of the Counter-Reformation Spanish Church.

    En este artículo se analizan varias arquetas de plata de la segunda mitad del siglo XVI que pertenecieron a destacados miembros de la nobleza y el clero y que hoy se guardan en diferentes iglesias castellanas. Además de su forma y de su posible origen, se presta atención a su programa iconográfico y se valora el importante papel que estos objetos profanos desempeñaron en la liturgia católica en el contexto de la Iglesia española de la Contrarreforma.

  10. Disputes i compromisos entre l'església de Girona i la noblesa: Notes d'unes difícils relacions. Segles XI i XII

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    Salrach, Josep M.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article are studied the disputes or conflicts between the ecclesiastic hierarchy and the aristocracy of the country of Girona in the era of the feudal change. The sources of information are the documents of the XI-XII Century of the Chartulary call of "Carlemany", of the bishop of Girona, edited by J. M. Marqués, and the documents of the XI Century of the cathedral of Gerona, edited by R. Marti. The article is split into two parts of unequal extension. In the first, the shortest, it is summarised the problem of the relationships between the Church and the civil power in the Late Antiquity and the High Middle Ages, until the XIXII Century. The approach is general, European, but is ended this part carrying the problems to the case of Catalonia. It is a study of the context in the one which the author attempts to find the bases of the attitude of the feudal nobility in theirs disputes with the Church. In the second part of the article are studied the disputes and the engagements (more the first tan the seconds between the cathedral of Gerona and the nobility. The analysis and the description are not effected in a way concrete, examining a dispute after other, that is to say. there is no studies of cases with lineages and personages identification, because prevails the global vision and the will of identifying the principal disputes and the general and dominant reasons of each part. The questions that they have guided the investigation are: With what obstacles stumbled the reform of the Church? Which were the concrete causes of the disputes? How they were solved these disputes? Which were the political bases, material, spiritual and cultural on those which the Church of Gerona sustained their engagements with the nobility? How they were articulated these engagements? Turned out to be it a work that interprets the reform of the Church in the framework of the feudal change process, and arrives to the conclusion of the fact that the reform was

  11. Into the 21st Century with the Istituto Geografico Polare "Silvio Zavatti" and its journal "Il Polo"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casarini, M.

    2013-12-01

    By Maria Pia Casarini We are now nearing the 70th anniversary of the foundation of this unique institution, established in the city of Fermo in the Marche region of Italy by the late Prof. Silvio Zavatti (d. 1985), a true polar enthusiast working before the time when Italy had any official interest in the polar regions. The Institute has the largest and most comprehensive polar library in Italy; a polar museum with Inuit artifacts and relics of expeditions by the Duke of Abruzzi and Umberto Nobile; and it has published a quarterly journal, "Il Polo", since 1945. Given the increasing official role of Italy in both Arctic and Antarctic research, and the increasing interest of Italian institutions and individuals in the rapidly developing problems of Arctic development, governance and environmental protection, the Institute aims to play an increased role in assisting Italian polar efforts through its resources and scholarship. For instance, the Institute is a member of the Arctic Table at the Italian Foreign Ministry by which Italy's role as an observer in the Arctic Council is mapped. The journal "Il Polo" has become bilingual and is becoming a global polar journal with survey papers by distinguished polar leaders. We are linked with PEI (Polar Educators International), which spreads knowledge of the polar regions in schools.

  12. Reducing Structural Violence through Entrepreneurial Tourism: Case Study in Hambantota District, Sri Lanka

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    Shammika DLAH

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is increasingly recognized as an effective means of achieving peace in world. In this paper tourism’s contribution for peace will be discussed in a broader sense with identification of structural violence as the main cause of Sri Lankan conflict. Structural violence is the process of deprivation of needs. It is characterized politically as repression, and economically by exploitation. The methodology used in this paper to identify ‘how entrepreneurial tourism can contribute to alleviate structural violence’ was basically qualitative. The methodology was based on the grounded theory which portrays the world as being complex and organized by both overt and hidden power structures. It was revealed during the process of data collection that the structural violence was functioning by means of polarization of the social structures such as caste, ethnicity, economic status, nobility, educational status into different strata together with grouping of people into the consequential ends leading to social uneasiness. People engaged in entrepreneurial activities are entrapped in a viscous system of unfair resource allocation and production exploitation operating through intermediaries. The paper suggests that it is necessary to seek remedies to increase the capacity of entrepreneurs to overcome the destructive force of the structural violence.

  13. Pasivos, exóticos, vencidos, víctimas. El indígena americano en la cultura oficial española del siglo XIX

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    Reyero, Carlos

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analizes the role that the american indian has represented in visual culture in Spain during the nineteenth century. The author takes into consideration the history painting and the monuments erected in this period. It is possible to recognise four main issues: 1 The passive, with a double slope political and religious, that conduce to exhibit a natural superiority of spanish people; 2 The resigned and exotic personality, connected to a picturesque vision far from any conflict; 3 The powerful enemy, defeated in spite of his courage; and 4 The considerable nobility, connected to the character as much as the rising of liberal spirit.

    Este artículo analiza el papel que ha representado el indio americano en la cultura visual española durante el siglo XIX. El autor tiene en cuenta la pintura de historia y los monumentos erigidos en este periodo. Es posible reconocer cuatro grandes orientaciones: 1 El pasivo, con una doble vertiente política y religiosa, que conduce a mostrar la natural superioridad del español; 2 El exotismo sumiso, relacionado con una visión pintoresca alejada de cualquier conflicto; 3 El enemigo poderoso, al que sin embargo se derrota; y 4 La caballerosidad respetuosa, relacionada tanto con el carácter como con el afianzamiento del espíritu liberal.

  14. PROJECTION OF KNIGHTLY AWARDS TO THE PRESENT

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    Oreshkina M. A.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The archetypes of knights and nobility are alive and exist nowadays. The question is how this influence is carried out qualitatively and quantitatively as far as it is obvious and what ways of its influence. We will consider interaction of the medal organizations with society and penetration of their archetypes in centuries today. The fullest concept of the Award was developed now by Maxim Kalashnikov (Kucherenko Vladimir Aleksandrovich. And the purpose of it of "An award of new sword-bearers" is revival of Russia, as independent imperial state. It is possible to assume that the word "Award" turns on some mechanisms hidden in us leading to realization of its archetype, and then and its development, so to speak "germination of seeds" in centuries, and even the millennia. As the material carrier of archetypes various structures can act. For example, it can be the genetic level which is shown in a complex, multicircuit and multilevel structure of human mentality, so and a brain. It can be also field structures which accumulate information and in which a brain of the person only the send-receive device and the antenna, proceeding from that, for example, that the nature of planetary superreason is the integrated association of physical fields what in due time V.I. Vernadsky closely approached

  15. Dragon bridge - the world largest dragon-shaped (ARCH steel bridge as element of smart city

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    Chinh Luong Minh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dragon Bridge - The world’s largest dragon-shaped steel bridge, with an installation cost of $85 million USD, features 6 lanes for two separate directions, 666 meters of undulating steel in the shape of a dragon in the Ly Dynasty, the symbol of prosperity in Vietnamese culture. This unique and beautifully lit bridge, which also breathes fire and sprays water. It’s the purposeful integration of the lighting hardware articulates the dragon’s form, and the fire-breathing dragon head. This project transcends the notion of monumental bridge with dynamic colour-changing lighting, creating an iconic sculpture in the skyline that is both reverent and whimsical. The signature feature of the bridge was the massive undulating support structure resembling a dragon flying over the river. The dragon is prominent in Vietnamese culture as a symbol of power and nobility. Dragon Bridge stands out as a model of innovation. It has received worldwide attention in the design community and from the global media for its unique arch support system. Dragon Bridge serves as an example of how aesthetic quality of a design can serve cultural, economic and functional purposes. The article presents design solutions of the object and the evaluation of the technical condition before putting the facility into service.

  16. Discrimination and chemical phylogenetic study of seven species of Dendrobium using infrared spectroscopy combined with cluster analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Congpei; He, Tao; Chun, Ze

    2013-04-01

    Dendrobium is a commonly used and precious herb in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The high biodiversity of Dendrobium and the therapeutic needs require tools for the correct and fast discrimination of different Dendrobium species. This study investigates Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy followed by cluster analysis for discrimination and chemical phylogenetic study of seven Dendrobium species. Despite the general pattern of the IR spectra, different intensities, shapes, peak positions were found in the IR spectra of these samples, especially in the range of 1800-800 cm-1. The second derivative transformation and alcoholic extracting procedure obviously enlarged the tiny spectral differences among these samples. The results indicated each Dendrobium species had a characteristic IR spectra profile, which could be used to discriminate them. The similarity coefficients among the samples were analyzed based on their second derivative IR spectra, which ranged from 0.7632 to 0.9700, among the seven Dendrobium species, and from 0.5163 to 0.9615, among the ethanol extracts. A dendrogram was constructed based on cluster analysis the IR spectra for studying the chemical phylogenetic relationships among the samples. The results indicated that D. denneanum and D. crepidatum could be the alternative resources to substitute D. chrysotoxum, D. officinale and D. nobile which were officially recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. In conclusion, with the advantages of high resolution, speediness and convenience, the experimental approach can successfully discriminate and construct the chemical phylogenetic relationships of the seven Dendrobium species.

  17. Habsburg Austria: Experiments in Non-Territorial Autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzmany, Börries

    2016-01-01

    Abstract In the early twentieth century, three provinces of the Austrian half of the Habsburg Empire enacted national compromises in their legislation that had elements of non-territorial autonomy provisions. Czech and German politicians in Moravia reached an agreement in 1905. In the heavily mixed Bukovina, Romanian, Ukrainian, German, Jewish and Polish representatives agreed on a new provincial constitution in 1909. Last but not least, Polish and Ukrainian nationalists compromised in spring 1914, just a few months before the outbreak of the First World War vitiated the new provisions. Even though the provisions of these agreements varied substantially, new electoral laws introducing national registers were at their heart. These were designed to ensure a fairer representation of national groups in the provincial assemblies and to keep national agitation out of electoral campaigns. The earliest compromise in Moravia went furthest in consociational power sharing. However, the national bodies within the provincial assembly had no right to tax their respective national communities, and the provisions of the provincial constitutions kept the non-nationally defined nobility as an important counterbalance. The compromises in Bukovina and Galicia, even if they categorised all inhabitants nationally, contented themselves with even less autonomous agency for the national bodies in the provincial assemblies and rather emphasised the symbolic elements of national autonomy. The non-territorial approach in all three crownlands, however, was an instrument to reorganise multi-ethnic provinces that increasingly became the model for national compromises in other Austrian provinces. PMID:27499799

  18. Letteratura, ideologia e contraddizioni socioeconomiche in Russia. 1825-1861

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    Guido Carpi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Literature, Ideology and Socio-Economical Contradictions in Russia. 1825-1861 Studying the evolution of poetical forms as a succession of interferences between socioeconomic and ideological series helps to unravel the way Russian literature of the period going from the Bednaja Liza up to the abolition of serfdom develops in close connection with the crisis of the pomest’ja. The intellectuals who become spokesmen of the culture of declining nobility elaborate a “patrimonial-patriarchal” ideology according to which “freedom” is considered only negatively, as isolation of a community based on either parental relationships or personal (= feudal fidelity from all modern intermediary mechanisms (State, money, urban society, codified laws. On the other hand, such ideology is objectified in a well-defined series of literary paradigms, which is a sign of the contradictory and destruction-bound relationship between the small pomeščik and modernity: the projection of an imaginary pre-political and pre-modern “Golden Age” on some vague and idealized past goes together with an oppressive sense of threat and an anthropologic involution of the noble character (degraded to an outlaw or a gambler as the contradictions of contemporary reality become worse and worse. Only after the crisis of 1861 the traditional social group yields cultural hegemony to other subjects, to other instances and other representations of reality, both in the field of ideology and in literary practice.

  19. Chemical and Microbiological Characterization for PDO Labelling of Typical East Piedmont (Italy Salami

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    V. Gianotti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is focused on the characterisation of typical salami produced in Alessandria province (North West of Italy. Seventeen small or medium salami producers from this area were involved in the study and provided the samples investigated. The aim is double and consists in obtaining a screening of the characteristics of different products and following their evolution along ripening. The study involved five types of typical salami that were characterised for aroma components and nutritional features. This approach could provide a basis for a possible PDO or PGI label request. Principal Component Analysis and cluster analysis were used as multivariate statistical tools for data treatment. The overall results obtained point out that the products investigated do not deviate from analogous European products and show the possibility of characterising by specific parameters three main groups of samples: Salamini di Mandrogne, Muletta, and Nobile Giarolo; moreover some considerations can also be drawn with respect to the nutritional characterization considering the biogenic amines profile.

  20. “De genere militari ex utroque parente”. La nobleza eclesiástica y los inicios de la catedral gótica de Gerona

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    Molina Figueras, Joan

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Throughout this study it is important to highlight the fundamental role that the members of the chapter performed in the geroninian project. For this outstanding group of people, basically coming from the low nobility of Alt Empordà, the new building enterprise resulted in the possibility of satisfaying the desire of promoting ecclesiastic benefits, as well as the objective of having new spaces —the chapels of the choir— conceived as the expression of glory and individual memory as well as the lineage.

    A lo largo de este estudio se pone de relieve el papel fundamental que desempeñaron los miembros del cabildo en el proyecto y construcción de la cabecera de la catedral gerundense. Para este grupo de personajes, básicamente procedentes de la baja nobleza altoampurdanesa, la nueva empresa edilicia supuso la posibilidad de satisfacer el deseo de promover beneficios eclesiásticos así como el objetivo de disponer de nuevos espacios —las capillas de la girola— concebidos como expresión de la gloria y la memoria individual y del linaje.

  1. Migraciones artesanos, política señorial y cambios en la especialización productiva en la industria lanera de Béjar, 1691-1782

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    Rosa ROS MASSANA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Durante la primera mitad del siglo XVIII, la inmigración de artesanos extranjeros cualificados, impulsada por los duques de Béjar, favoreció la especialización de la industria textil lanera de esta localidad castellana en pañería de calidad fina y entrefina. Después de describir las características de estas migraciones, se revisa la política de fomento de las actividades industriales por parte de la casa ducal, que debe contemplarse en el marco de una estructura de la renta feudal centrada en la alcabala. Finalmente, se subrayan los efectos ambivalentes del conjunto de la actuación señorial sobre la trayectoria industrial de Béjar.ABASTRACT: During the first half of eigteenth century, the inmigration of foreign skilled artisans, stimulated by the Duke of Béjar, favoured the specialization in the production of medium and high quality woollen cloths in the Castilian village of Béjar. After describing the caracteristics of this migration, this article revises the Duke promotion policies of industrial activities, which needs to be comtemplated in the context of a feudal income focused in the alcabala. Finaly, the ambivalent effects of the nobility policies are emphasized.

  2. Del arrendamiento al despojo de tierras: Los caciques Cruz y la hacienda de San Jerónimo (Tepexi de la Seda, Puebla-México, 1728-1805 Leasing land and land seizures: The Cruz caciques, Hacienda San Jeronimo (Tepexi de la Seda, Puebla-Mexico 1728-1805

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    Patricia Cruz Pazos

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available El arrendamiento de las tierras como principal vía de explotación era una de las características que definía a la nobleza indígena en la Nueva España durante el siglo XVIII. En este artículo estudiamos las consecuencias que esta decisión tuvo para su posición socioeconómica cuando la Compañía de Jesús, uno de sus arrendatarios, fue expulsada en 1767 y sus bienes fueron embargados. Para ello, analizamos el caso de los caciques Cruz, originarios de Tepexi de la Seda (Puebla, México, quienes arrendaron tierras de su cacicazgo a la hacienda de San Jerónimo, perteneciente al Colegio del Espíritu Santo (Puebla, México.Renting Land was one of the characteristics that defined the indigenous nobility in New Spain during the eighteenth century since it meant a major channel of exploitation. In this paper, we study the consequences this decision had for their socioeconomic level when the Society of Jesus, one of the tenants, was expelled in 1767 and their properties were seized. In order to do so, we analyse the case of the Cruz caciques, natives of Tepexi de la Seda (Puebla, México, who rented their cacicazgo's lands to San Geronimo's hacienda, property of the Holly Ghost College (Puebla, México.

  3. Combined Effect of Long Processing Time and Na2SiF6 on the Properties of PEO Coatings Formed on AZ91D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Zeeshan Ur; Koo, Bon Heun

    2016-08-01

    In this study, protective ceramic coatings were prepared on AZ91D magnesium alloy by plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) to improve the corrosion and mechanical properties of AZ91D magnesium alloy. The process was conducted in silicate-fluoride-based electrolyte solution. It was found that the average micro-hardness of the coating was significantly increased with an increase in the PEO processing time. The highest value of the average micro-hardness ~1271.2 HV was recorded for 60-min processing time. The phase analysis of the coatings indicated that they were mainly composed of Mg2SiO4, MgO, and MgF2 phases. The surface and cross-sectional study demonstrated that porosity was largely reduced with processing time, together with the change in pore geometry from irregular to spherical shape. The results of the polarization test in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution revealed that aggressive corrosion took place for 5-min sample; however, the corrosion current was noticeably decreased to 0.43 × 10-7 A/cm2 for the 60-min-coated sample. The superior nobility and hardness for long processing time are suggested to be due to the dense and highly thick coating, coupled with the presence of MgF2 phase.

  4. Baroque in Croatia. Presentation of Baroque culture in Croatia in the socialist period

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    Dubravka Botica

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses examples of the way in which Baroque art and culture was presented to broader audiences in Croatia while that country still formed a part of Yugoslavia. Such examples include the Croatia in the Seventeenth Century exhibition, which took place in 1958 at the City of Zagreb Museum, as well as texts giving an overview of the monuments of a number of municipalities in north-western Croatia published in the late 1970s and early 1980s by Anđela Horvat (1911–1985 in the journal Kaj. The above-mentioned exhibition reflected many key ideas of the 1950s, which constituted the formative period of socialist society’s cultural and artistic identity, all the way from its design set-up and its educational purpose to its ideologically determined emphasis, which concentrated on the subject of daily life in the seventeenth century. By the 1980s this ideologically determined emphasis was less present, leaving much more space for the analysis of Baroque monuments, as well as of the people who commissioned them – the nobility – who, in contrast to earlier times, were then seen as active participants in cultural and art life of the Baroque period.

  5. 回归美德伦理--生态伦理的反思与重构%Return to Virtue Ethics--Reflection and Reconstruction of Ecological Ethics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王阳

    2014-01-01

    The main goal of ecological ethics is in pursuit of harmony between man and nature, but in the modern ecological ethics, either anthropocentrism or non-anthropocentrism has the features of normative eth⁃ics, and its own limitations is not able to guide people's ecological moral life in the round. The ethical virtue and the inherent nobility of virtue ethics can resolve the ethical norms of incommensurability and reconstruct the harmony of ethical thought.%生态伦理追求的主要目标是人与自然的和谐,然而现代生态伦理思想中无论是人类中心主义还是非人类中心主义都具有规范伦理的特征,而规范伦理因其自身的局限性并不能够全面指导人们的生态道德生活。美德伦理因其内在德性以及伦理崇高性可以化解规范伦理的不可公度性,重构和谐共生的生态伦理思想。

  6. 南朝乐府绮艳之风的女性因素窥探%Female Factors Analysis of Amorous Style of the Yue-fu in the Southern Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周佐霖

    2014-01-01

    The Yue-fu of the southern dynasties is a particular phenomenon in Chinese poetry history .Its theme and content were full of love between male and female , and its style were mainly amorous , because most of the authors were female .Due to the influence of factors such as the southern dynasties nobility guidance and writer demand , the female musician increased and they played an important role on the stage of southern dynasties litera -ture.In brief, for the social needs and female authors'hobbies, the writing style of the Yue -fu in southern dynas-ties were mainly amorous .%南朝乐府是我国诗歌史上的一个特殊现象,其内容几乎清一色为男女爱情题材,其风格更是以绮艳为主,这主要是由于其作者大部分是女性的因素所致,南朝贵族的引领,文人需求与经济繁荣等因素的影响,促使乐妓群体的扩大并走上南朝文学舞台,由于社会的需求与女性自身的原因,乐妓们创作自然就以绮艳的风格为主了。

  7. Paolo Sarpi’s vow of obedience: catholic political thought in early seventeenth-century Venice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kainulainen, Jaska

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study the idea of obedience in early-modern Catholic political thought. I focus on early seventeenth-century Venice and on one of its leading political thinkers, Paolo Sarpi. I argue that for Sarpi and the Venetian nobility obedience was a religious, Catholic concept, which they nonetheless applied to a secular system of governance; notwithstanding their refusal to obey the papal ban during the interdict of Venice in 1606-1607, Venetians regarded obedience as an act of piety and an indispensable element of civic life.El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar la idea de obediencia en el pensamiento político católico de la edad moderna, en particular en Venecia en el siglo XVII y en Paolo Sarpi, uno de sus pensadores políticos más importantes. Este artículo argumenta que para Sarpi y la nobleza la obediencia era un concepto católico, que a pesar de ello, aplicaron a un sistema de gobierno secular. A pesar de su negativa a obedecer la prohibición papal durante el interdicto de Venecia en 1606-1607, los venecianos consideraban la obediencia como un acto de piedad y un elemento indispensable de la vida cívica.

  8. Corrosion behavior of Pd-Cu and Pd-Co alloys in synthetic saliva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goehlich, V; Marek, M

    1990-04-01

    Pd-based alloys are major alternatives to gold-based alloys for PFM applications. In electrolytes simulating oral fluids, these alloys exhibit electrode behavior similar to passivity of active metals, i.e., a potential region of almost constant current density up to a critical potential, above which the current increases. The objective of this study was to correlate the electrode behavior with the results of solution analyses and changes in the surface composition of the alloys. Binary alloys Pd-15 wt% Cu and Pd-19 wt% Co, as well as the pure components, were examined. Corrosion potentials vs. time, potentiodynamic anodic polarization curves, polarization resistances vs. time, and potentiostatic anodic charges were measured with synthetic saliva used as the electrolyte. The concentrations of Pd, Cu, and Co in the solution after various exposures were determined by atomic absorption. The surfaces of the alloys were examined by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy before and after the exposures. The results show that selective dissolution of the less-noble components occurred on the surfaces of both alloys for all the exposures, leaving the surfaces highly enriched in Pd. This enrichment contributed to the potential changes and the passive-type behavior. Copper dissolved more than cobalt at longer exposures and higher potentials, in spite of its higher nobility. Dissolution of cobalt seemed to be limited by the formation of a surface film, which may be related to the transition character of this element.

  9. Corrosion considerations in the brazing repair of cobalt-based partial dentures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luthy, H; Marinello, C P; Reclaru, L; Scharer, P

    1996-05-01

    Cobalt-based alloys (Co-Cr-Mo) are usually used in dentistry as frameworks for removable partial dentures. In their basic form these structures function successfully. However, modifications or repairs of the frameworks may reduce their resistance to corrosion and, as a consequence, may provoke biologic reactions in the soft tissues. These reactions may be the result of different types of alloys that contact each other and, in the presence of saliva (based on potential differences), produce a galvanic cell. In this study, a clinical situation after repair of a removable partial denture was examined. The metallographic study of the prosthesis revealed a brazed zone where a gold braze was joining the Co-Cr-Mo framework with a Co-Cr-Ni type alloy (without Mo). The latter revealed signs of corrosion. Various electrochemical parameters (Ecorr, Ecouple, icorr, icouple) of these alloys were analyzed in the laboratory. The Co-Cr-Ni alloy had the lowest nobility and underwent galvanic corrosion in a galvanic couple with gold braze.

  10. 欧洲传统狮纹图案的研究及其在现代标志设计中的运用%Study on European Traditional Lion Pattern and its Application in Modern Logo Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵蔚

    2015-01-01

    与我国传统的“虎”文化不同,欧洲文化尊崇“狮”文化。狮子拥有仪表堂堂的体魄、威严的仪态和贵族的气质,是力量和勇气的象征。狮纹图案作为欧洲贵族以及权力的象征,现代标志设计中也有越来越多的应用以及借鉴。研究欧洲传统狮纹图案,有助于我国借他山之石探寻传统纹样在现代标志设计中的运用。%Unlike Chinese traditional "Tiger" culture, "Lion" is respected in Europe. Lion has strong phy-sique, dignified manner and aristocratic temperament, whichrepresent strength and courage. As the symbol of Euro-pean nobility and power, lion pattern gets more and more application and usage in the modern logo design. Study on European traditional lion pattern can help us explore Chinese traditional patternsand make better use of them in mod-ern logo design.

  11. 王维辋川诗意象解读*%The Illustration of the Images of Wang Wei's Wang Chuan Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈明英

    2013-01-01

    王维辋川诗意象的营造是他追求纯真高洁的审美理想,融合在自然美之中的结晶。诗人能辩证地处理意象的虚实、动静、主次、繁简的关系,精致地描绘山林幽美清空的空灵之境,使言外之旨、象外之趣包含在精炼的意象之中,王维乐隐林泉沉醉自然山水之情因他刻画的意象而跃然纸上。%The creation of images in Wang Wei's Wang Chuan poems is his aesthetic ideal,which means the pursuit of purity and nobility and is fused in the natural beauty's crystallization.The poet can dialectically handle the relations between the empty and solid,act and quiet,primary and seconda-ry,complicatedness and simple of the image,can skillfully depicts the airy transcendence of the na-ture's beauty,and can present the implicated meaning and the fun beside the image in the refined ima-ges.Thus,Wang Wei's love of nature has been expressed vividly for his application of images.

  12. 宋代桐木韩氏家族世系考述%A Study on the Lineage of "Han Family with Phoenix Trees Around"in the Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨恒平

    2011-01-01

    Han family with phoenix trees around is an extremely typical scholar-bureaucrat family po-litically and academically renowned in the Song Dynasty. Hart family started to become noble since Han Yi became an imperial scholar. And when his sons, Han Zong, Han Jiang, Han Wei and Han Zhen, got such positions as Prime Minister, deputy Prime Minister and official in charge of drafting imperial mandates, the family reached the highest nobility and enjoyed the greatest reputation for a time. The change of its native place and lineage succession of Han family are a microcosm of the rise and fall of typical scholar-bureaucrat families in the Song Dynasty.%桐木韩氏家族,是宋代极具代表性的以政治、学术显世的士大夫家族。自韩亿以进士起家,至其子韩综、韩绛、韩维、韩缜,产生了二宰相、一副宰相、一知制诰,衣冠之盛,一时为天下冠。其家族里籍变迁及世系传承就是典型宋代士大夫家族沉浮兴衰的缩影。

  13. La concesión del titulo de (I conde de Buendía por el rey Alfonso XII de Castilla (1465 como expresión del poder del linaje Acuña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolores Carmen Morales Muñiz

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La concesión del título de I conde de Buendía por el rey Alfonso XII de Castilla permite analizar una doble realidad en un contexto de dualidad monárquica (1465- 68. Primerante remite a la importancia del linaje Acuña beneficiario de la merced en la persona de Pedro de Acuña. La concesión demuestra la condición de monarca del joven Alfonso: sólo el rey puede expedir títulos nobiliarios. El hecho de que más adelante, la reina Isabel confirme el acto, ratifica la condición de su hermano como legítimo rey.The granting, on the part of the king of Castille Alfonso XII of the title of count of Buendía allows for an analysis of the double reality that from 1465 to 1468 existed in the context of a dual monarchy. The grant stressed the relevance of the Acuña lineage favored in the person of Pedro de Acuña. But of far larger relevance, the title likewise evidences the condition of king that young Alfonso had at the time as only the monarch could grant nobility titles. The ratification of that concession later on by queen Isabella I further santioned her brother’s legitimacy as king.

  14. Law and Memory. The Many Aspects of the Legal Inquisition in the Medieval Crown of Aragon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kagay, Donald J.

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the importance of the legal inquisition in the medieval Crown of Aragon. The form is reviewed from its Roman origins through the influence of Visigothic law and that of the various law codes of eastern Spain during the Middle Ages. The use of the legal inquisition by the crown, the church, the nobility and town governments clearly demonstrates how adaptable it could be. The form's manipulation of both written evidence and witness testimony is crucial for the understanding of how Iberian law perceived and shaped the memory of past events.

    Este artículo analiza la importancia de la encuesta judicial en la Corona de Aragón en la Edad Media. El autor re visa esta forma jurídica desde sus orígenes romanos, pasando por la influencia de la ley visigótica y la de los varios códigos legales de la España oriental durante el Medievo. El uso de la encuesta judicial por la corona, la iglesia, la nobleza y los gobiernos municipales demuestra claramente cuan adaptable podía ser. La manipulación de la encuesta, de la evidencia escrita y de las declaraciones de los testigos son cruciales para comprender cómo la ley ibérica percibió y estableció la memoria de acontecimientos pasados.

  15. Some notes on the pantun storytelling of the Baduy minority group its written and audiovisual documentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wim van Zanten

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Baduy pantun stories are part of the larger Sundanese oral tradition of pantun storytelling in west Java. The stories recount the deeds of the nobility of such old Sundanese kingdoms as Pajajaran and Galuh. Although the Baduy still recite the pantun stories in their rituals, in the larger cities to the east of the Baduy village Kanékés pantun recitation almost disappeared. On the basis of short periods of fieldwork in and around Kanékés village between 1976 and 2014, in this essay I shall discuss Baduy pantun storytelling. I shall summarize earlier major publications and analyse some performance aspects of two Baduy pantun stories which I recorded. Although I do not concentrate on the text, I do discuss a few cultural issues arising from the texts. Baduy oral literature also includes children’s and women’s songs, as well as fables and myths of origin (dongéng which do not involve music. These will not be discussed here.

  16. Revision of the genus Allometopon Kertész (Diptera: Clusiidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lonsdale, Owen

    2016-04-28

    The genus Allometopon Kertész is revised, recognizing 68 species, including 5 undescribed species known only from females. The genus is mostly known from the Australian (30 spp.) and Oriental Regions (33 spp.-only one unnamed female is found in both Australian and Oriental Regions), but also the Afrotropical (5 spp.) and Palaearctic Regions (1 sp.). Most Allometopon are new to science, with 40 new species described here: A. acum, A. asylum, A. atribatum, A. bharetum, A. bivittatum, A. cavernosium, A. cheiris, A. conopeum, A. eotoxon, A. fumihalteratum, A. fuscinum, A. gaimarii, A. giallo, A. glochis, A. gracile, A. hauseri, A. hesperotoxon, A. hirsutum, A. horridum, A. infernum, A. juxtum, A. kokodensis, A. lunatum, A. lux, A. macalpinei, A. machaeroges, A. magnum, A. monstrum, A. nyx, A. phenomena, A. philomela, A. platystylum, A. plicatum, A. procne, A. selenis, A. solare, A. suspirium, A. tenebrae, A. tetrathrix, and A. trilobellum. Calometopon Frey syn. nov. (subgenus of Allometopon with type species A. nobile Frey, by original designation) is included as a junior synonym of Allometopon. Sobarocephala geniculata Sasakawa is recombined as Allometopon geniculatum comb. nov. A key, illustrations and photographs are provided for species.

  17. Van bescheiden humanist tot vechtjas. Viglius van Aytta en de crisis van 1566-1567

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Postma

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available From Modest Humanist to Argumentative Aggressor. Viglius van Aytta and the Crisis of 1566-1567In this essay I examine the dealings of the president of the Privy Council of the Netherlands, Viglius van Aytta (1507-1577 between the presentation of the Request of the Lower Nobility in April 1566 and the departure of Alva and his army from Italy a year later. Since Motley, Fruin and Bakhuizen van den Brink in the nineteenth century reinvented the Dutch Revolt, Viglius, in spite of his intellect and office, has not been held in high esteem. At best he was considered to be mediocre, and at worst a coward. The most recent verdict on Viglius was passed by H.G. Koenigsberger who referred to him in 2001 as ‘an intelligent if unimaginative lawyer from Friesland’. My essay is an attempt to refute this incorrect image. I do this by looking at the way Viglius handled the crisis of 1566-1567 in the first and the second town of the Netherlands, Brussels and Antwerp.

  18. Prestigio político y oficios reales: la nobleza conquense bajomedieval en el entorno cortesano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ortega Cervigón, José Ignacio

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The nobility of Cuenca adquired a great territorial patrimony and a high political position during the Late Middle Ages. The complex relationship sustained by the Monarchy allowed them to project a socio-economic ascent —Town charges, courtly offices, seigneurial donations— in a time of social and political turbulence over the peninsular kingdoms. The noble lineages of Cuenca had a singular characteristic: a high number of their members developed a royal office in the court or in administrative and territorial functions. These offices used to be appropriated by a lineage for several generations and provided social as well as economic benefits.

    La nobleza conquense afianzó un patrimonio territorial y una notable posición política durante la baja Edad Media. Las relaciones establecidas con la monarquía le permitieron proyectar su ascenso socioeconómico —cargos concejiles, oficios cortesanos, donaciones señoriales— en una época de turbulencia social y política en los reinos peninsulares. En los linajes nobiliarios conquenses confluye un rasgo singular: el considerable número de sus integrantes que desempeñaron algún tipo de oficio regio, bien en el entorno cortesano, bien en tareas administrativas y territoriales. Estos oficios solían ser patrimonializados por un linaje a lo largo de varias generaciones y proporcionaban beneficios económicos y políticos.

  19. EYE DONATION: PERCEPTION AND PROMOTING FACTORS AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Singh

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: There are 2 million corneal blind in India with a big gap between corneal demand and supply. The Govt. of Haryana by launching Nehru Drishti Yojna has taken a big step to eliminate corneal blindness from Haryana. Medical students are from a different educational background with a scientific base and thus have a pivotal role play in becoming as role models and mass educators. Objective: To assess the perception of medical students regarding eye donation. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among medical students of MMIMSR, Mullana, Ambala. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire was used for collecting the necessary information after getting informed consent. The data was statistically analyzed using SPSS version 11.5 software. Results: 96% of the students knew about corneal donation though only 67% were willing for eye donation. Nobility was the major inspiring force for eye donation.13% reported, objection by family and 3.2% reported religious factors as restrictions for eye donation. There were many misconceptions regarding eye donation.27% thought that eye donation would result in delay in funeral arrangements. Conclusion: There is an imperative need to emphasize undergraduate teaching to evade myths concerning eye donation and promote eye donation.

  20. 简·奥斯汀笔下的男性形象分析%An Analysis on Jane Austen’ s Heroes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶辛

    2014-01-01

    British writer Jane Austen created several heroes of different characteristics in her six novels .Up to date, the Austen studies in China mainly focus on Austen ’ s opinion about marriage , love and women whereas Aus-ten ’ s heroes are hardly mentioned .This article tries to reveal the characteristics of Jane Austen ’ s heroes by analy-zing the images of male characters in her works through aspects of nobility , the spirit of chivalry , the essence of gentlemen, the puritan tradition and dandyism .%英国作家简·奥斯汀在她的六部小说中塑造了许多性格不同的男性,迄今为止,国内的奥斯汀研究多涉及奥斯汀的婚姻观、爱情观与女性观,而对奥斯汀笔下的男性探究较少。论文试图从贵族主义、骑士精神、绅士特质、清教传统、纨绔主义角度分析奥斯汀作品中男性形象的渊源,揭示作家眼中同时代的英国男性的特点。

  1. Spatial Politics of Race in Ralph Ellison ’s Invisible Man%拉尔夫·艾里森小说《看不见的人》的种族空间政治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱旭; 赵莉华

    2014-01-01

    拉尔夫·艾里森小说《看不见的人》借由一位无名无姓的黑人讲述其生活经历,展现了社会中的普遍意识:白人、富人的优越性和高贵性以及黑人、穷人的落后性和贫贱性。白人作为社会空间结构规划者将这种白/黑二元对立借由物理空间及物件物品的对立进行体现,形成列斐伏尔所谓的二元对立种族空间表征,规训和强化种族秩序。%Presenting the narration of an unknown black man’s life experience, Ralph Ellison’s Invisi-ble Man shows people’s common belief: the superiority and nobility of the whites and the rich, and the in-feriority and humbleness of the blacks and the poor. As the planners of social space structure, the whites make the binary opposition between the whites and the blacks represented through the opposition of the physical space and objects, forming racial “representation of space” by Henri Lefebvre to discipline and strengthen the social order.

  2. A definitive criterion for cathodic protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alexander, Roger [Cathodic Protection Network International Ltd., Reading (United Kingdom)

    2009-07-01

    The corrosion reaction is defined using the Pourbaix Diagram and includes consideration of the pH, temperature, pressure, nobility of the metal and conductivity of the electrolyte. The passive zone can be established in a laboratory by creating a closed circuit condition in which the voltages can be measured. Natural corrosion cells occurring in simple conditions can be evaluated for the purpose of monitoring the performance of cathodic protection. Metal pipelines are complex networks of conductors submerged in electrolyte of infinitely variable qualities. The present method used to ascertain the effectiveness of cathodic protection has many inherent errors and results in costly and unpredictable corrosion failures. An electrode has been devised to define the exact electrical status of the corrosion reaction at its location. The design allows a closed circuit measurement of the corrosion current that can determine whether or not corrosion has been stopped by cathodic protection. This has allowed the development of software that can calculate the condition and corrosion status throughout a network of pipelines, using electrical circuit analysis common in the electronics industry. (author)

  3. PENGGUNAAN KATA SAPAAN DALAM BAHASA MELAYU KUTAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenny Rusbiyantoro

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Kutai Malay language is the language that is widely used to communicate in East Kalimantan, especially in the territory of the former Kingdom of Kutai Kartanegara. This study tries to describe the use of address terms in Kutai Malay language and factors that influence the use of it. This research project uses sociolinguistic approaches associated with theories of ethnography of communication developed by Hymes, and is conducted in 3 stages. First, in compiling data, the writer uses the interview technique, listening technique, and questionnaires. Secondly, in data analysis, she uses the method of equivalent translation and pragmatics. Thirdly, in presenting the results of the analysis, she uses informal methods, in which words are written without technical symbols. The results show that Kutai Malay language has a number of address terms. They are kinship address, pronouns, proper names, titles of nobility, zero markers, and epithets.   Keywords  :    terms of address, Kutai Malay language, kinship, social factors

  4. La Nobleza Tarasca: poder político y conflictos en el Michoacán colonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paredes Martínez, Carlos Salvador

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work are observed the conditions that caused the introduction of the institutions of indigenous government, the sprouting of the new political actors and the displacement of the inheriting nobility of the governing lineages at the pre-Hispanic time. Some cases in that appear are the new forms of performance in defense of the rights that the spanish legislation allowed to the new indigenous vassals and the speeches and arguments that the political actors will use to obtain to their privileges and rights.

    En este trabajo se observan las condiciones que propiciaron la introducción de las instituciones de gobierno indígena en Michoacán, el surgimiento de los nuevos actores políticos y el desplazamiento de la nobleza heredera de los linajes gobernantes en la época prehispánica. Se presentan algunos casos en los que se muestran las nuevas formas de actuación en defensa de los derechos que la legislación española permitía a los nuevos vasallos indígenas y los discursos y argumentos que utilizarán los actores políticos para conseguir sus privilegios y derechos.

  5. Effect of electron transport properties on unipolar CdZnTe radiation detectors: LUND, SpectrumPlus, and Coplanar Grid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ralph B. James

    2000-01-07

    Device simulations of (1) the laterally-contacted-unipolar-nuclear detector (LUND), (2) the SpectrumPlus, (3) and the coplanar grid made of Cd{sub 0.9}Zn{sub 0.1}Te (CZT) were performed for {sup 137}Cs irradiation by 662.15 keV gamma-rays. Realistic and controlled simulations of the gamma-ray interactions with the CZT material were done using the MCNP4B2 Monte Carlo program, and the detector responses were simulated using the Sandia three-dimensional multielectrode simulation program (SandTMSP). The simulations were done for the best and the worst expected carrier nobilities and lifetimes of currently commercially available CZT materials for radiation detector applications. For the simulated unipolar devices, the active device volumes were relatively large and the energy resolutions were fairly good, but these performance characteristics were found to be very sensitive to the materials properties. The internal electric fields, the weighting potentials, and the charge induced efficiency maps were calculated to give insights into the operation of these devices.

  6. Estimation of Soil Electrical Properties in a Multilayer Earth Model with Boundary Element Formulation

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    T. Islam

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an efficient model for estimation of soil electric resistivity with depth and layer thickness in a multilayer earth structure. This model is the improvement of conventional two-layer earth model including Wenner resistivity formulations with boundary conditions. Two-layer soil model shows the limitations in specific soil characterizations of different layers with the interrelationships between soil apparent electrical resistivity (ρ and several soil physical or chemical properties. In the multilayer soil model, the soil resistivity and electric potential at any points in multilayer anisotropic soil medium are expressed according to the variation of electric field intensity for geotechnical investigations. For most soils with varying layers, multilayer soil resistivity profile is therefore more suitable to get soil type, bulk density of compacted soil and to detect anomalous materials in soil. A boundary element formulation is implemented to show the multilayer soil model with boundary conditions in soil resistivity estimations. Numerical results of soil resistivity ratio and potential differences for different layers are presented to illustrate the application, accuracy, and efficiency of the proposed model. The nobility of the research is obtaining multilayer soil characterizations through soil electric properties in near surface soil profile.

  7. Las «tradiciones peruanas» y el imaginario de la nobleza titulada del virreinato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hampe Martínez, Teodoro

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available In his Peruvian Traditions Ricardo Palma gave visible form to an image of the society, habits and most representative figures of the Peruvian history, focusing on the priviledged group integrated by the Viceroyalty's nobility. Mirroring the colonial heritage of the 19th Century, Palma represents an exceptional bridge towards the popular imaginario of the Ancient Regime. Although nonvoluntary errors or even distortions may have tainted his reconstruction of the facts, the «Traditions» put forward a mental universe which helps us to understand the experiences and human conditions of the past.

    Al plasmar en sus «tradiciones» una imagen de la sociedad, las costumbres y las figuras más representativas de la historia peruana, Ricardo Palma se fija en el grupo privilegiado de la nobleza titulada del Virreinato. Reflejando la herencia colonial del siglo XIX, Palma significa un puente excepcional hacia el imaginario popular del antiguo régimen. Aunque su reconstrucción de los hechos pueda estar viciada por errores involuntarios, o aun por tergiversaciones, las «tradiciones» expresan un universo mental que nos ayuda singularmente a comprender las experiencias y las condiciones humanas de ese pasado.

  8. Registers of Artefacts of Creation—From the Late Medieval Period to the 19th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Dent

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers a new perspective on the “development” of the intellectual property regimes in the United Kingdom. The system put in place under the 1875 Trade Marks Act may be seen as the last of a sequence of earlier “technologies” that sought to administer the creative endeavours of (sections of the English population. Prior to the trade mark registration (that included examination there was the registration of designs that did not require examination but was necessary for the protection of the right. In the eighteenth century, patent specifications were lodged with the Crown via a process that was much more involved than that was instituted for designs in the nineteenth century. Before that, books had to be enrolled with the Stationers’ Company before they could be printed. And, in what may be seen as an earlier attempt at the centralised regulation of artefacts of expression, the Rolls of Arms (maintained by the King of Arms was repository of coats of arms for English nobility. An exploration of these different technologies of regulation, in their socio-political context, will offer new insight into the antecedents, and limits, of the registration systems that are now common across the intellectual property world.

  9. Edificio para viviendas - Madrid (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camuñas, Estudio de arquitectura

    1972-10-01

    Full Text Available This building consists of 8 floors with 94 apartments, business premises, caretakers' apartments, and a basement garage with room for 132 vehicles. As the allotment was quite deep and a courtyard facing the street was not required, spacious interior courtyards were created which give a great deal of light, liberal ventilation and a certain nobility to the apartments overlooking these courtyards. There is only one entrance hall in which are found the lifts and on to which the various stairs converge. It is treated in landscape form. The structure is of reinforced concrete and the system of floorings is continuous with neither girders nor projections.El edificio se compone de 8 plantas con 94 viviendas, locales de negocios, viviendas auxiliares para conserjes, y sótano- garaje capaz para 132 vehículos. Dado que el solar tenía mucho fondo y no estaba previsto patio de manzana, se crearon amplios patios interiores que permitieran grandes luces, ventilación pródiga y cierta nobleza a la parte de las viviendas recayente a dichos patios. El zaguán es único, y de él parten las distintas escaleras y núcleos de ascensores. Está tratado de forma paisajística. Tiene estructura de hormigón armado y el sistema de forjados es continuo sin viguetas ni resaltos.

  10. Ammonoid discoveries in the Antimonio Formation, Sonora, Mexico: new constraints on the Triassic Jurassic boundary

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-León, C. M.; Stanley, G. D.; Taylor, D. G.

    2000-11-01

    The Triassic-Jurassic systemic boundary was recently reported in the middle part of the Antimonio Formation, northwestern Sonora, where five informal sedimentary packages were delineated and characteristic ammonoid faunas were used to establish age control within the succession. The boundary was suggested to lie within the middle part of the 24 m-thick package 4, in relatively unfossiliferous and organic-rich, laminated clay-silt mudstone. Despite the absence of diagnostic Hettangian fossils above the postulated boundary interval, its existence was predicted on characteristic uppermost Triassic Crickmayi Zone Choristoceras ammonoids occurring below in package 3 and upper Hettangian to lower Sinemurian (Badouxia Zone) ammonoids found above in package 5. Recent field investigations yielded new ammonoids of the uppermost Triassic Crickmayi Zone, which are described herein. They are assigned to Choristoceras cf. C. nobile Mojsisovics and Rhabdoceras cf. R. suessi Hauer. These characteristic ammonoids occur within the middle and top of package 4. Their discovery along with other stratigraphic evidence necessitates a revision of the boundary and recognition of a previously unrealized unconformity at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary in Sonora. A revised sea-level curve is necessary to account for these new stratigraphic and paleontological findings.

  11. ВПЛИВ СОЦІАЛЬНОГО СКЛАДУ ЗЕМСТВ СЛОБОЖАНЩИНИ НА ЇХНЮ ДІЯЛЬНІСТЬ У РОЗБУДОВІ ПОЧАТКОВОЇ НАРОДНОЇ ОСВІТИ

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    М. В. Широколава

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article tells us about the reform of local government of the Russian Empire in the middle of the 19th ct., which also extended on the Kharkiv province. The essence of an electoral system which formally provided the equal rights for all social categories of the population, but actually limited electoral rights to class privileges and a property qualification is revealed in this article. It gave unilateral advantages to the local nobility. The dependence of local government activities in the development of primary education from social composition of these bodies is considered on the example of the Kharkiv province. Thus the settled thesis about low activity in the sphere of primary education, as a consequence of prevalence of noblemen in body of a local government is disproved. It is specified how by the efforts of local government of the Kharkiv province the school net extended, training of teachers was carried out, the system of final examinations was changed. It tells about the opposition of local government with representatives of the state power, which tried to limit the influence of the community on the development of a national education in the region.

  12. Don Diego Luis Moctezuma, nieto de Hueytlatoani, padre de conde: un noble indígena entre dos mundos

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    Francisco L. Jiménez Abollado

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The present work tries to explain the proceeding and discharge of don Diego Luis Moctezuma Ilhuitltemoctzin, grandson of the hueytlatoani Moctezuma Xocoyotzin, son of don Pedro Moctezuma Tlacahuepantzin and father of don Pedro Tesifón Moctezuma, the first Count of Moctezuma and Vizconde de Ilucan. Don Diego Luis Moctezuma played an important role during the second half of the 16th century and the first years of the XVIIth, first as son of don Pedro Moctezuma, who sends it to the Court and Kingdom of Castile to defending before the King of Spain and the Council of The Indies his interests as legitimate inheritor of Moctezuma Xocoyotzin. Later, when don Diego Luis converted into successor of his brother don Martin Cortés Moctezuma, one sees affected by the politics of the Crown and the Council of The Indies of systematic weakening of the indigenous nobility. His departure of the New Spain and the promises broken by part of the Crown determine the politics of Philip II and Philip III with the inheritors of Moctezuma Xocoyotzin.

  13. Synthesis and Study of Electrical Properties of SbTeI

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    Harish K. Dubey

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Needle shaped SbTeI crystals were obtained by solid state reaction. Electrical resistance was measured in the temperature range of 4 K to 550 K. SbTeI shows a metallic behavior from 4 K to 300 K, and at higher temperature (>300 K, it shows semiconducting behavior. Unlike SbSI, this material shows almost zero resistance around 550 K. It shows a piezoelectric behavior with a capacitance of 717 pF and its carrier density and nobilities are found to be 2.12 × 1016 cm−3 and 1.01 cm2/(V·s, respectively. Crystals of SbTeI are characterized by XRD, SEM, and Raman analysis. Electrical activation energy is found to be 0.52 eV. It is suggested that this material may be studied for its application as a superconductor with Tc higher than room temperature.

  14. Le unioni civili e il “passo del gambero” del Presidente della CEI

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    Giuseppe Casuscelli

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Fare “il passo del gambero” è un detto che può avere un significato alto, di cui è un esempio il libro (dal medesimo titolo di Günter Grass, autore che va “diritto al cuore delle cose, procedendo … di sghembo attraverso la storia, fra passato e presente” per potere guardare al futuro con la consapevolezza delle vicende vissute da ogni popolo, da ogni persona con fatica, errori, dolore. Ha poi un significato meno nobile, diffuso al punto d’essere assurto a luogo comune, che richiama l'agire di quanti, nell’affrontare le scelte richieste dalla vita, collettive o personali che siano, usino fare (figurativamente un passo avanti per farne poi alcuni all’indietro. Ora, la vicenda delle unioni civili – e in particolare il tema dell’adozione del figlio del compagno nella coppia di persone dello stesso sesso – avrebbe consentito alla Chiesa italiana di parlare ai fedeli e all’intero paese prescegliendo l’uno o l’altro dei significati.

  15. "Raza" : Variables Históricas

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    Max S. Hering Torres

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses "race" as a social practice, a construction, and as an idea that has been developed through the power of discourse. This category, rather than a biological reality, is an intellectual and social construction which has had a variety of meanings attributed to it through history. The concept of "race," however, has preserved its functionality: to differentiate, segregate, and distort otherness. In this way, it has racialized social relations through biological determinism. To substantiate this hypothesis, the article undertakes a historical analysis to demonstrate the dynamics and variability of the racial imaginary. It sketches the outline of a history of race that includes the Spanish idea of the "Purityof Blood" (16-17th centuries, the legitimizing discoursesofthe French nobility (17-18th centuries, the ambivalence of the Enlightenment, aswell as 19th century scientific racism as a preludeofthe Holocaustor Shoah. The article concludeswithsome reflections derived from genetics as additional proof of the fictional nature of the concept of "race."

  16. THE WORKING CLASS, THE EMERGENCE OF THE CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS AND EDUCATION

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    Paulino José Orso

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the class society, the emergence of the working class, its recognition as such and the education. Starts with a brief discussion of the positivist and materialist conceptions of society and historical dialectics, following, discusses the tests made by the working class in its long history to win his consciousness to another. If, from ancient times we live in a class society, this period is not the consciousness of belonging to a class of workers and much less for an action based on and consistent with this membership. This achievement goes through several times and struggles, whether against the nobility and aristocracy or against the bourgeoisie, who rub shoulders with many struggles to overthrow the forces of the Old Regime. However, these struggles the working class was also realizing that if the bourgeoisie, at various times, was interested in making alliances incidental to the conquest of power, definitely had no interest in sharing it. Thus, in the successive struggles and betrayals of the bourgeoisie, the working class was learning not only not believe in the promises and illusions of his former "comrades", but also claim the right to give the direction of their lives and "their destination".

  17. Tin clustering and precipitation in the oxide during autoclave corrosion of Zircaloy-2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sundell, G., E-mail: gustav.sundell@chalmers.se; Thuvander, M.; Andrén, H.-O.

    2015-01-15

    Atom probe tomography has been used to study the evolution of tin distribution during the corrosion process in Zircaloy-2. From being completely soluble in the Zr metal matrix, some clustering is evident already in the newly formed oxide close to the metal–oxide interface. Analysis of thicker oxides a few hundred nanometers away from the interface reveals fully developed precipitates of metallic Sn particles of up to 20 nm in size. Although the precipitates contain significant amounts of Zr, it is concluded that they are in the process of being depleted in Zr, which is limited only by the slow diffusion in the oxide scale. The findings are interpreted as being a result of the nobility of the Sn yielding a strong driving force to remain in a metallic state after incorporation in the barrier oxide layer. As Sn occupies substitutional sites in the ZrO{sub 2} lattice it is oxidized to a 4+ state when incorporated into the oxide, and in order to remain metallic it must nucleate into precipitates within the inner part of the oxide scale before being re-oxidized to 2+ and eventually to 4+ when the oxygen activity is sufficiently high in the outer parts of the oxide.

  18. The Development of Tourism in Istria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton Gosar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Ahead of the fall of the Iron Curtain, the Northern Adriatic, the area then shared by Yugoslavia and Italy, made headlines in European geopolitics and economy. In the post-w w2 era, it sparked conflicts followed by a co-operation between communistic and democratic societies, became the main economic gateway of East Central Europe through the wide inland ports (Trieste, Koper and Rijeka, and became a major Mediterranean tourist destination with numerous resorts. Thus, it is a manufacturing site, transshipment area and playground at the same time. In the second half of the 20th century, tourism growth set new goals for the region. Instead of competition and rivalry, complementarities and natural and cultural protection on regional and nation-state levels are sought. In this paper, the structure and problems of tourism development in selected areas of the Northern Adriatic region, in particular the Istrian Peninsula, driven by market economy forces, will be discussed. Istria has a long history as a desired destination of leisure. In the 19th and the early 20th centuries, nobility and intellectuals became acquainted with the geography of the peninsula, the Austrian and Venetian heritage, and the multinational Romance, Slavic and Germanic environments. At the dawn of the 21st century, development of tourism, tourist visits, and their impact on societies and cultural landscapes can be compared to Costa Brava and other tourist areas of the Mediterranean.

  19. Relationships between precipitation and floods in the fluvial basins of Central Spain based on documentary sources from the end of the 16th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Bullón

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This study presents the results of a historic reconstruction based upon documentary sources of precipitation and floods during the last fifty years of the 16th century in Central Spain. We used data from primary sources contemporary to the events rather than compilations or secondary references. These documents belong to the institutions that administered the study area during the time period of interest and consist of municipal or monastic minute books and administrative texts from properties belonging to the nobility and royal family. Direct data that explicitly describe meteorological or flood-related events are haphazardly distributed throughout personal correspondence and various reports, and the sizes of floods or precipitation events can also be deduced from indirect data. We analysed the qualitative data by transforming them into numerical indices of intensity/duration for precipitation and intensity/area for floods. We differentiated three sets of years that presented different hydrological patterns. The first period, from 1554 to 1575, exhibited regular precipitation patterns associated with low-intensity floods. The second, from 1576 to 1584, was characterised by low precipitation levels and few floods. The third, from 1585 to 1599, showed intense precipitation with large floods interspersed with long-lasting droughts. We interpret these results in the context of the environmental and land-use patterns of the time period studied, which coincided with a period of low temperatures.

  20. Istitutrici e governanti dalle Valli valdesi all’Europa di metà Ottocento

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    Gabriella Ballesio

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Within the well-structured context of Waldensian educational history, and in particular, that of education for girls, one secondary school stands out. The Pensionnat pour jeunes filles was founded in the first half of the 19th century in Torre Pellice by the English Colonel, Charles Beckwith, on the model of British boarding schools for young ladies, with the intent to provide education to the daughters of Waldensian pastors and to those of the local protestant elite. Here the young women received training considered to be appropriate for their conditions and social standing, providing the basis for a course of study which would permit them to take on roles like that of school mistress, governess, or lady’s companion for the families of the European Protestant nobility. By tracing the educational background and life stories of some of the students, in particular, those of three sisters who were daughters of a Waldensian pastor, it has been possible to reconstruct the social origins, the educational programs and the later lives of Waldensian teachers and governesses. In examining the stories of these young women, born and raised in a cultural environment conditioned by their membership in a minority group, their confessional background emerges as a key factor. Thanks to longstanding ties with the world of Protestant Europe and to the financial support that world provided, these young women were able to prepare themselves by following an international curriculum and subsequently practice their professions throughout Europe from Great Britain to Russia.

  1. 唐代平民男子的服饰与生存状态初探——以唐墓壁画为例的考察%A Preliminary Probe into the Costumes and Living Conditions of Male Civilians in the Tang Dynasty——With the Frescos in Tang Tombs for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纳春英

    2011-01-01

    The frescos along the tomb passages show that the costumes for male civilians in the Tang dynasty included those for the head,for the body and for the feet.They were usually made of sackcloth or felt.These costumes,compared with those of the contemporary nobility,were simple in style and poor in quality,which meant that the civilians still led a hard life even during the heydays of the Tang dynasty,one of the most prosperous in China's history.%从墓道壁画所反映的情况来看,唐代平民男子的服饰主要有:首服、身服、足服三大部分。材质主要有:麻、罽(毡、裘)等。这些服饰与同期的贵族相较,款式简单、轻便,材质简陋。说明唐代平民男子即使身处盛世仍生存艰难。

  2. Phenolic composition of selected herbal infusions and their anti-inflammatory effect on a colonic model in vitro in HT-29 cells

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    Elda Herrera-Carrera

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Some herbal infusions used in folk medicine in Mexico to treat gastrointestinal disorders were evaluated. Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds were analyzed on the lyophilized aqueous crude extracts (LACE of arnica (Aster gymnocephalus, chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile, cumin (Cominum cyminum, desert resurrection plant (DRP (Selaginella lepidophylla, laurel (Listea glaucescens, marjoram (Origanum majorana, mint (Mentha spicata, salvilla (Buddleia scordioides and yerbaniz (Tagetes lucida. Total phenolic content ranged from 8.0 to 70.7 μg GAE/mg for DRP and laurel respectively. Major phenolic compounds were identified by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography. The IC50 determined by the degradation of the deoxy-d-ribose ranged from 2,452.53 to 5,097.11 μg/mL. The cytoprotective effect of the LACE alone and on indomethacin-induced oxidative stress in HT-29 cells was tested. The tetrazolium dye MTT assay was performed in concentrations of 0.125–10 mg/mL allowing choosing the lowest concentration for this experimentation. Inflammation markers were measured by Western blotting. None of the extracts inhibited COX-1 by themselves; however, it was observed that extracts have a modulation effect over COX-2, TNFα, NFκB, and IL-8. By the decrease in the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, it follows that salvilla, chamomile, and laurel show promising anti-inflammatory effects.

  3. Raimbaut de Vaqueiras, “Domna, tant vos ai prejada” (BdT 392.7

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    Gilda Caiti-Russo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper will attempt to read Raimbaut de Vaqueiras’ ‘contrasto’ from the viewpoint of its explicit addressees: the late twelfth-century imperial nobility of north-western Italy, as embodied by the Malaspina family. The text’s distinctive bilingualism thus assumes social and political significance since it pits the claims of the feudal aristocracy of the hinterland against the power of the Genoese bankers and merchants. The dialectical relationship of the two sides involved, played out by the voices of the jongleur and the Genoese lady, is nevertheless also literary: Raimbaut appears to match popular poetry, poetry which is «non regulata» as Dante would later call it, against a century of courtly Occitan poetry distinguished by an extremely formal tradition. A carnivalesque dimension is thus present in the reciprocal illumination of the two poetic voices: if popular poetry is unregulated despite its expressive qualities, troubadour poetry is confined, by means of the parody of the genre of the ‘salut’, to topics far-removed from reality. Raimbaut’s aim then is to restructure trobar by going back to the beginning: to the Count of Poitiers and his political and cultural act of inventing a secular poetry of aristocratic inspiration and in the vernacular. A ‘male’ poetry that will be formulated by the surprising gap at the end of the poem.

  4. Gestuelle courtoise et écartes discourtois dans Flamenca

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    Luminiţa Diaconu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Coagulated at the end of the 11th century at the seigniorial courts from the southern France and spread afterward in the northern French territory, the courteous ethical code intended to be a set of rules representative for the nobility. It included, between other elegant specifics, the discipline of the body, necessarily based on the self-control and, in the same time, on a distinguished, elegant, polite and moderated gesture. The Middle Ages imaginary and mainly the literature from the 12th and the 13th centuries are full of this kind of examples. In fact, the elite’s will to adhere on this ethics and to appropriate it till transforming it in its second nature represents the theme of the courteous novels, focused on some characters which are symbols for the ideal courteous values. By contrast, some other characters are not only at the limit of the courteous model, but also transgress its principles by more or less serious discourteous deviations. The Occitan novel Flamenca (from the 13th century, that we are focusing on, illustrates this trend: one of its principal characters, the signor Archambaut, shows, immediately after his marriage with Flamenca, an unexpected regression, in fact a profound alteration of the courtly behavior, in terms of verbal and mainly gestural manners.

  5. Cadet Education in the Imperial Russia: Genesis, Dialectics and the Role in Social Structure of the Society

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    Alexander P. Abramov

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article, using historic and sociological material, presents genesis, dialectics and the role of cadet education of the imperial Russia in the social structure of the society, its weak and strong aspects, determines major stratified features of its graduates. The author notes that the realization of the practice of professional socialization in cadet corps in certain historical period is determined by the social conditions and the factors of the development of the society, its structure and environment, reproducing the modal personality of the future officer. The professional environment of the cadet education in the imperial Russia is defined as closed, line, self-organizing system. Such environment provided the graduates with high social status and prestige in different fields, defined by generic characteristics (affiliation to nobility. Along with high educational and cultural level, modal personality of the graduate is characterized by aloofness from the juniors and subordinates, individualism and careerism, certain closedness towards one’s nation and other social groups.

  6. ‘Green World’: The Mock-Pastoral of The Irish R.M.

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    Andrew J. Garavel

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available As the Anglo-Irish Ascendancy’s hold on the land of Ireland was being loosened in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Somerville and Ross turned to the mode of comic pastoral. William Empson defines the literary mode of pastoral as writing ‘about’ the common people, but not ‘by’ or ‘for’ them. The popular short stories about the experiences of Major Sinclair Yeates, ‘the Irish R.M.’, depict for a modern readership his encounter with a pre-modern society in rural Ireland which is wild and uncouth compared to the metropolitan world, but at the same time more open, generous, and free from moral strictures. The stories conform to a number of pastoral conventions, including nostalgia for a rural ‘golden age’ in the recent past, and a thorough-going mixture of high and low elements (e.g., nobility and crudity, kindliness and knavery, etc.

  7. Visconti in Venice

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    Marek Hendrykowski

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Luchino Visconti’s masterpiece “Death in Venice” (“La morte in Venezia” has the reputation of being a quintessential work of European art film, the epitome of 1970s auteur cinema, one of the most impressive film poems ever made. Based on famous novel written by Thomas Mann in 1911 (after Gustav Mahler’s death, it is a profound and intriguing artwork concerned at its depth to communicate the most important human meanings like the essence of death or powerfully symbolic depiction of 19th Europe ideas and values in a fascinating filmic imagery. The 1971 film adaptation is not only a lament for a lost nobility and a swan song for human sublime forms of life created by the noble class, but also an epic panorama of the old Europe that evokes the cultural upheaval brought on by the collapse of ‘la belle époque’. In his comparative study Marek Hendrykowski explores central motifs of the literary and film versions of “Death in Venice” and expands on this contention, pinpointing the various sources of the film’s uniquely impressive effect. Hendrykowski’s contextual analysis and interpretation, written in a lively and accessible style, traces the complex motifs that run through “Death in Venice” and discovers step by step the elements (Mahler’s music, the use of authentic locations, high culture vs mass culture conflict, biographical background, etc. evoked and appealed in Visconti’s film.

  8. Levd skuespillerliv og rolletildeling. En studie av kvinner i norsk institusjonsteater

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    Rikke Gürgens Gjærum

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents findings from the qualitative study Women in Norwegian theatre, Kvinner i norsk teater (KIT. The researchers have examined the experiences of actresses on the distribution of dramatical roles/parts in Norwegian institutional theatres, in a lifespan perspective. The study is based on 20 qualitative research interviews of a strategic selection of actresses from smaller and larger institutional theatres. We discuss the data with a feministic view and six issues are highlighted in the article: 1. Repertoir, 2. Focus on looks and appearances, 3. Ageism, 4. Role characteristics, 5. Role ambitions/wishes of the actresses, 6. Nobility, 7. Prosesses of change. In the KIT study we find both active and creative innovating actresses and actresses who appear creative but yet more passive. A central discovery is that the success criterion for achieving an enriching professional life as an actress in Norwegian institutional theatres, is to dare “to take the wheel" in order to avoid marginalisation and ageism from the institution.

  9. Place-Names with Biblical Associations in England and Other Countries of Western Europe: A Chronology and Motivation

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    Vladislav V. Alpatov

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to classification and description of place-names with Biblical associations from the Old and New Testament. The analysis is mainly based on English toponymy, however, frequent parallels are drawn from Germany and France, also, to a lesser degree, from Belgium, Holland, Scandinavian countries and Russia. This approach allows to define the chief groups of name-givers and the basic motivations for the transference of names in Western Europe. The author distinguishes between two broad periods in this process: prior to the Reformation and posterior to it. In the first period, the strongest impetus to the transference of Biblical names is given by the Crusades, Biblical names are then bestowed on monasteries, private residences of nobility and parts of the Orders’ property. The second period is determined by the new Scriptural mindset of Protestantism, especially Calvinistic and other Nonconformist movements. As contrasted to the first period, Biblical names are then mostly used for churches, charities, private residences of pastors and religious landowners. The author discusses the evolution of names transference from the 7–9th centuries to the present time, establishing peaks of Biblical place names attestation frequency (13–14th and 18–19th centuries and groups of names which dominated in different periods. Particular attention is paid to some specific ways of naming and the description of toponymic microsystems. The author consolidates a large number of language data scattered in different publications and suggests new explanations for some place names.

  10. La proyección de las casas de la alta nobleza en las sociedades políticas regionales: el caso soriano a fines de la Edad Media

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    Diago Hernando, Maximo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The author analyses the composition of the households of three prominent families of the Castilian high nobility that possessed large seigneurial estates in the North West region of Castile, near the border with the kingdoms of Aragón and Navarra: the Arellano family, counts of Aguilar, the Mendoza family, counts of Monteagudo, and the De la Cerda family, dukes of Medinaceli. He gives information about the social and geographic origin of the members of these households, and he proves that these noble families were interested in the incorporation to their households of influential members of the oligarchies of the royal towns of the region, especially of the town of Soria.

    Se analiza la composición de las casas de tres linajes de la alta nobleza que poseyeron extensos estados señoriales en la región nororiental de Castilla, fronteriza con Aragón y Navarra: los Arellano, condes de Aguilar, los Mendoza, condes de Monteagudo, y los De La Cerda, duques de Medinaceli. Se da cuenta del origen social y geográfico de los integrantes de dichas casas, y se demuestra que estos linajes de alta nobleza mostraron interés por incorporar a sus casas miembros influyentes de los grupos gobernantes de las ciudades realengas del entorno, en especial de la ciudad de Soria.

  11. 清代蒙古僧侣贵族述论%Mongolian Monks of Noble of Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王力

    2012-01-01

    清代蒙古社会僧侣贵族的产生,主要有蒙古王公贵族出家为僧、西藏高僧活佛转世以及中央政府册封等,这三种途径既相互交织,又各具特色。僧侣贵族的形成,不仅改变了蒙古的社会结构,而且在一定程度上对蒙古社会的发展产生了重要影响。%Based on the various literature material, this article discusses the Mongolian social monks noble formed way and its ihtluence in Qing Dynasty. produced way of monks noble, basically have Mongolia nobility Mongolian took vows to become a monk, reincarnation of Tibetan monks and the central government conferring, the three kind of way is mutually intertwined, and each has its own characteristics. The formation of the monks noble, not only change the Mongolian social structure, and to a certain extent to the development of Mongolian society has produced important influence.

  12. Come e cosa desidera la narrativa italiana degli anni Zero

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    Gianluigi Simonetti

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available L'articolo analizza il trattamento del tema del desiderio - erotico e amoroso - nel romanzo italiano degli ultimi anni, impegnandosi nell'esame ravvicinato di alcuni testi esemplari. La campionatura vuole da un lato isolare alcune opere rappresentative della situazione attuale della narrativa contemporanea, dall'altro  proporre un'ipotesi categoriale che seziona il campo di studio in tre parti; il sondaggio sembra infatti suggerire che le dinamiche del desiderio vengono rese in maniera specifica nei diversi ambiti della letteratura di consumo, in quella di 'nobile intrattenimento' e in quella 'forte' e letterariamente più ambiziosa. L'analisi formale risulta insomma integrata a una prospettiva di stroria dello stile, secondo un metodo che permette di utilizzare la figuralità letteraria come 'indicatore sociologico' di processi politici (e forse antropologici in atto.

  13. Of two lives one? Jean-Charles-Marguerite-Guillaume Grimaud and the question of holism in vitalist medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Elizabeth A

    2008-12-01

    Montpellier vitalists upheld a medical perspective akin to modern "holism" in positing the functional unity of creatures imbued with life. While early vitalists focused on the human organism, Jean-Charles-Marguerite-Guillaume Grimaud investigated digestion, growth, and other physiological processes that human beings shared with simpler organisms. Eschewing modern investigative methods, Grimaud promoted a medically-grounded "metaphysics." His influential doctrine of the "two lives" broke with Montpellier holism, classifying some vital phenomena as "higher" and others as "lower" and attributing the "nobility" of the human species to the predominance of the former. In place of Montpellier teaching that attributed health to the holistic equilibration of vital activities, Grimaud embraced spiritualist dualisms of soul and body, Creator and created. Celebrating the divinely-ordained "wisdom" evident in involuntary physiological processes, he argued that such life functions were incomprehensible to human investigators. While Grimaud's work encouraged inquiry into the division between the central and "vegetative" nervous systems that became paradigmatic in nineteenth-century neuroscience, it also opened Montpellier vitalism to charges of conservatism and obscurantism that are still lodged against it to the present day.

  14. RESEÑAS - 1. CONSENT OF THE NETWORKED. The Worldwide Struggle for Internet Freedom

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    Ruth Ainhoa de Frutos García

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La periodista e investigadora del Berkman Center for Internet and Society de la Universidad de Harvard Rebecca MacKinnon plantea en el libro Consent of the Networked. The Worldwide Struggle for Internet Freedom la necesidad que tienen los usuarios de internet de tomar conciencia y reaccionar sobre las violaciones de derechos humanos ligados a nuestro uso de internet que utilizan gobiernos y empresas.La gobernanza de internet, entendida como el derecho de los llamados ciudadanos digitales de influir en las decisiones políticas y corporativas a través de un consentimiento expreso, se describe a través de catorce capítulos divididos en cinco grandes capítulos: interrupciones, control 2.0, desafíos de la democracia, soberanos del ciberespacio y ¿qué se debe hacer?Tras exponer su análisis crítico sobre la situación mundial actual de las prácticas empresariales y los controles gubernamentales, MacKinnon detalla posibles soluciones para empoderar a los usuarios de internet a través de 294 páginas.La creadora de la iniciativa ciudadana Global Voices anima a los jóvenes a tomar el testigo de esta importante lucha y asumir el liderazgo frente a los poderes empresariales y gubernamentales.

  15. Catarse e Final Feliz

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    Myriam Ávila

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: É a certeza de que nada mais – ou nada importante – pode acontecer após o final de um conto que permite o acontecimento da catarse. Se na maioria das narrativas existe algum tipo de dénouement, em algumas delas isso acontece de maneira especialmente satisfatória e afirmativa. O conto de fadas é uma dessas formas narrativas onde o efeito catártico é extremo e preenche objetivos específicos, de acordo com Bruno Bettelheim. Hollywood mimetizou essa forma como estratégia de sedução, iniciando a tradição do final feliz no cinema. A partir do conto de fadas Cinderela, em diferentes versões, juntamente com a animação homônima da Disney e ainda duas versões do filme Sabrina, será traçada aqui uma relação entre a catarse e o final feliz nos contos de fada, bem como seu uso pela indústria cultural. Palavras-chave: catarse, contos de fada, Hollywood

  16. Soul in the world: symbolic culture as the medium for psyche.

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    Colman, Warren

    2017-02-01

    Whilst the loss of a sense of living connection with the material world is mainly associated with the scientific revolution in seventeenth century Europe, it can be traced back to Plato's introduction of a hierarchy between soul and body. Jung's attempted solution to this - esse in anima - is ingenious but maintains the Cartesian split by which the aliveness of the world is reduced to a projection of psychic forces (the archetypes). An alternative approach is proposed, rooted in the Aristotelean emphasis on practical activity that sees the soul as a function of our way of being in the world. Human cognition is extended and distributed by our social and material engagement with the world, especially via collective representations whose symbolic character is constitutive of the reality of the world in which we live. Despite the dominance of 'scientific Cartesian' representations in the modern Western world, there remain numerous instances of participation mystique that cannot be captured by the Cartesian notion of projection. These indicate an opening to ways of being in the world that may lead us out of the impasse of the Cartesian matrix.

  17. Ghrelin-induced orexigenic effect in rats depends on the metabolic status and is counteracted by peripheral CB1 receptor antagonism.

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    Francisco Alen

    Full Text Available Ghrelin is an endogenous regulator of energy homeostasis synthesized by the stomach to stimulate appetite and positive energy balance. Similarly, the endocannabinoid system is part of our internal machinery controlling food intake and energy expenditure. Both peripheral and central mechanisms regulate CB1-mediated control of food intake and a functional relationship between hypothalamic ghrelin and cannabinoid CB1 receptor has been proposed. First of all, we investigated brain ghrelin actions on food intake in rats with different metabolic status (negative or equilibrate energy balance. Secondly, we tested a sub-anxiogenic ultra-low dose of the CB1 antagonist SR141716A (Rimonabant and the peripheral-acting CB1 antagonist LH-21 on ghrelin orexigenic actions. We found that: 1 central administration of ghrelin promotes food intake in free feeding animals but not in 24 h food-deprived or chronically food-restricted animals; 2 an ultra-low dose of SR141716A (a subthreshold dose 75 folds lower than the EC50 for induction of anxiety completely counteracts the orexigenic actions of central ghrelin in free feeding animals; 3 the peripheral-restricted CB1 antagonist LH-21 blocks ghrelin-induced hyperphagia in free feeding animals. Our study highlights the importance of the animaĺs metabolic status for the effectiveness of ghrelin in promoting feeding, and suggests that the peripheral endocannabinoid system may interact with ghrelińs signal in the control of food intake under equilibrate energy balance conditions.

  18. Desdobramentos narrativos, cognição e a complexa recepção transmidiática dos fãs em nossa atualidade

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    Ramon Queiroz Marlet

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo visa estudar cognitivamente a recepção transmidiática a partir dos desdobramentosnarrativos elaborados pelos próprios fãs, que interagem virtualmente com seus pares em comunidadesde fóruns de discussão online. As comunidades de fãs, ou Fandom, comportam uma série de elementosque convergem em torno de uma obra já escolhida pelo público (Miranda, 2009, no caso analisado, asnarrativas de “O Hobbit” e “O Senhor dos Anéis”, de J. R. R. Tolkien, que ganharam suas versões cinematográficasrecentemente, e que também constituem seus universos ficcionais transmídias atravésde plataformas como games, RPG, animações, entre outros. Neste processo, objetivamos observar apolifonia de sentidos e vozes produzida por suas diferentes interpretações, além da ancoragem, ajustamentose ativações associativas feitas na discussão de diferentes hipóteses formuladas através domaterial fonte inicial.

  19. Response of mule deer to habitat modification near natural gas development

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    Fred Van Dyke

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus are known to shift habitat use in response to environmental modifications, including those associated with energy development. Their specific behavioral responses, however, and capacities to habituate to particular aspects of energy development have not been effectively studied. We examined mule deer response to habitat alteration near natural gas wells in Las Animas County, Colorado, USA in 2008—2010, an area experiencing development for extraction of natural gas. We created 10-1 ha openings in forests adjacent to 10 wells by removing standing trees in 2008, with concomitant establishment of 10 1-ha control sites adjacent to the same wells. On each site, we estimated deer use, indexed by pellet density, before and after tree removal. Concurrently, we measured plant production, cover, nutritional quality, species composition and biomass removed by deer and other large herbivores. Species richness and diversity and graminoid and forb cover and biomass increased on cut sites following tree removal. Use increased following tree removal on cut and control sites, but was greater on cut sites in 2010. Herbivores removed negligible quantities of vegetation on control sites in both years, suggesting that control sites may have been used primarily for concealment. Mule deer demonstrated the behavioral capacity to habituate to habitat modifications and other environmental changes associated with development for the extraction of energy. Managing forage and habitat availability appears to have the potential to affect the type of response and degree of habituation by mule deer to such development.

  20. La perception Spirituelle: perspectives de recherche pour L'histoire desparva naturalia dans la tradition arabo-latine

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    Martino, Carla Di

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A grande obra de Aristóteles sobre psicologia foi o De anima. Entretanto, nem por isso a obra Parva naturalia, também conhecida como De sensu et sensato, deixou de exercer um papel importante, entre os árabes e os pensadores ocidentais. No presente ensaio, procura-se mostrar como a tradução árabe desta última obra foi utilizada por Avicena, Ibn Bâjjia e, sob a influência deste último, por Averróis. No epítome De sensu de Averróis, percebe-se, por exemplo, que os principios teóricos são aristotélicos, mas estão contaminados pelo termo "espiritual", que não é utilizado pelo filósofo grego. No ocidente latino, essa leitura averroísta terá influência sobre Alberto Magno e Tomás de Aquino