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Sample records for andrea beth troxel

  1. The Bethe ansatz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levkovich-Maslyuk, Fedor

    2016-08-01

    We give a pedagogical introduction to the Bethe ansatz techniques in integrable QFTs and spin chains. We first discuss and motivate the general framework of asymptotic Bethe ansatz for the spectrum of integrable QFTs in large volume, based on the exact S-matrix. Then we illustrate this method in several concrete theories. The first case we study is the SU(2) chiral Gross–Neveu model. We derive the Bethe equations via algebraic Bethe ansatz, solving in the process the Heisenberg XXX spin chain. We discuss this famous spin chain model in some detail, covering in particular the coordinate Bethe ansatz, some properties of Bethe states, and the classical scaling limit leading to finite-gap equations. Then we proceed to the more involved SU(3) chiral Gross–Neveu model and derive the Bethe equations using nested algebraic Bethe ansatz to solve the arising SU(3) spin chain. Finally we show how a method similar to the Bethe ansatz works in a completely different setting, namely for the 1D oscillator in quantum mechanics.

  2. Special issue: Hans Bethe

    CERN Multimedia

    Gottfried, Kurt

    2005-01-01

    "There are a handful of people who soar, whose accompalishments are so off-scale as to nearly defy belief. Hans Bethe (2 July 1906 - 6 March 2005) was of that caliber. As just one measure of his stature, imagine the task of copying his published opus by hand, for that is how he wrote most of it" (2 pages)

  3. The Bethe wavefunction

    CERN Document Server

    Gaudin, Michel

    2014-01-01

    Michel Gaudin's book La fonction d'onde de Bethe is a uniquely influential masterpiece on exactly solvable models of quantum mechanics and statistical physics. Available in English for the first time, this translation brings his classic work to a new generation of graduate students and researchers in physics. It presents a mixture of mathematics interspersed with powerful physical intuition, retaining the author's unmistakably honest tone. The book begins with the Heisenberg spin chain, starting from the coordinate Bethe Ansatz and culminating in a discussion of its thermodynamic properties. Delta-interacting bosons (the Lieb-Liniger model) are then explored, and extended to exactly solvable models associated to a reflection group. After discussing the continuum limit of spin chains, the book covers six- and eight-vertex models in extensive detail, from their lattice definition to their thermodynamics. Later chapters examine advanced topics such as multi-component delta-interacting systems, Gaudin magnets and...

  4. Hans Bethe's early life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Jeremy

    2012-10-01

    In 1937, two years after he moved to the US to escape Nazi persecution, the physicist Hans Bethe sent a letter to his mother in Germany. In it, he wrote, "I think I am about the leading theoretician in America. [Eugene] Wigner is certainly better and [Robert] Oppenheimer and [Edward] Teller probably just as good. But I do more and talk more and that counts too."

  5. Lectures on the Bethe Ansatz

    CERN Document Server

    Levkovich-Maslyuk, Fedor

    2016-01-01

    We give a pedagogical introduction to the Bethe ansatz techniques in integrable QFTs and spin chains. We first discuss and motivate the general framework of asymptotic Bethe ansatz for the spectrum of integrable QFTs in large volume, based on the exact S-matrix. Then we illustrate this method in several concrete theories. The first case we study is the SU(2) chiral Gross-Neveu model. We derive the Bethe equations via algebraic Bethe ansatz, solving in the process the Heisenberg XXX spin chain. We discuss this famous spin chain model in some detail, covering in particular the coordinate Bethe ansatz, some properties of Bethe states, and the classical scaling limit leading to finite-gap equations. Then we proceed to the more involved SU(3) chiral Gross-Neveu model and derive the Bethe equations using nested algebraic Bethe ansatz to solve the arising SU(3) spin chain. Finally we show how a method similar to the Bethe ansatz works in a completley different setting, namely for the 1d oscillator in quantum mechani...

  6. Teatrikunstnik Andrea Haamer: Olen alati unistanud Eestisse tagasi tulla / Andrea Haamer ; intervjueerinud Andreas Sepp, Anneli Sihvart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haamer, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    Eesti juurtega lava- ja kostüümikunstnikust Andrea T. Haamerist, kes on Eestis kujundanud kolm balletti. 25. veebruaril avatavast neljandast Jõhvi balletifestivalist, kus avatakse Andrea Haameri näitus

  7. Subtropical Storm Andrea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    The circling clouds of an intense low-pressure system sat off the southeast coast of the United States on May 8, 2007, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra satellite captured this image. By the following morning, the storm developed enough to be classified as a subtropical storm, a storm that forms outside of the tropics, but has many of the characteristics--hurricane-force winds, driving rains, low pressure, and sometimes an eye--of a tropical storm. Although it arrived several weeks shy of the official start of the hurricane season (June 1), Subtropical Storm Andrea became the first named storm of the 2007 Atlantic hurricane season. The storm has the circular shape of a tropical cyclone in this image, but lacks the tight organization seen in more powerful storms. By May 9, the storm's winds reached 75 kilometers per hour (45 miles per hour), and the storm was not predicted to get any stronger, said the National Hurricane Center. Though Subtropical Storm Andrea was expected to remain offshore, its strong winds and high waves pummeled coastal states, prompting a tropical storm watch. The winds fueled wild fires (marked with red boxes) in Georgia and Florida. The wind-driven flames generated thick plumes of smoke that concentrated in a gray-brown mass over Tampa Bay, Florida. Unfortunately for Georgia and Florida, which are experiencing moderate to severe drought, Subtropical Storm Andrea was not predicted to bring significant rain to the region right away, according to reports on the Washington Post Website.

  8. Andrea Levialdi in Memoriam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waisman, Dina

    Professor Andrea Levialdi was born in Bologna Italy in 1911, son of a very modest scientist who at the time was active in the socialist ranks. From an early age Levialdi felt the contradictions between the bourgeois environment surrounding him and his family's deep antifascism. He earned a doctorate in mathematics and physics at the University of Rome in 1937 with a dissertation on photoelasticity, methods and applications. Soon after, he was awarded a scholarship for specializing in optics at the Arcetri National Optics Institute (Florence).

  9. Instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a systematic algebraic and numerical investigation of the instantaneous Beth-Salpeter equation. Emphasis is placed on confining interaction kernels of the Lorentz scalar, time component vector, and full vector-types. We explore the stability of the solutions and Regge behavior for each of these interactions, and conclude that only time component vector confinement leads to normal Regge structure and stable solutions for all quark masses

  10. Hans Bethe and the Global Energy Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Ioffe, B. L.

    2005-01-01

    Bethe's view-point on the global energy problems is presented. Bethe claimed that the nuclear power is a necessity in future. Nuclear energetic must be based on breeder reactors. Bethe considered the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons as the main problem of long-range future of nuclear energetics. The solution of this problem he saw in heavy water moderated thermal breeders, using uranium-233, uranium-238 and thorium as a fuel.

  11. Convexifying the Bethe Free Energy

    CERN Document Server

    Meshi, Ofer; Globerson, Amir; Friedman, Nir

    2012-01-01

    The introduction of loopy belief propagation (LBP) revitalized the application of graphical models in many domains. Many recent works present improvements on the basic LBP algorithm in an attempt to overcome convergence and local optima problems. Notable among these are convexified free energy approximations that lead to inference procedures with provable convergence and quality properties. However, empirically LBP still outperforms most of its convex variants in a variety of settings, as we also demonstrate here. Motivated by this fact we seek convexified free energies that directly approximate the Bethe free energy. We show that the proposed approximations compare favorably with state-of-the art convex free energy approximations.

  12. [Andreas Vesalius and surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hee, R

    1993-01-01

    By publishing De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem in 1543, Andries van Wesel (1514-1564) gave surgical science an immense impulse. The revolutionary renovation in the knowledge of man's anatomical structure changed slowly and progressively into topographical and physiological understanding of surgical diseases. At the same time, this made better aimed and more secure operations possible. Apart from the importance of this anatomical publication, Andreas Vesalius also won his spurs as a surgeon. He taught surgery in Padua for many years. He was appointed court physician and surgeon at the Habsburg Court of Charles V and Philip II. He personally performed lots of operations known at the time as major ones. He not only quickly adopted the surgical innovations of his fellow-surgeon Ambroise Paré, but he even performed operations that had been forgotten during several centuries, among which thoracocentesis for pleural empyema. His clinical perspicacity in discovering the indication for some operations was staggering and was appreciated by all great monarchs of Europe in the 16th century. In his several consilia, numerous pieces of advice were given for the treatment of surgical patients. The surgical practice which Vesalius had in Brussels for many years, consequently became most successful. Many publications by Vesalius about surgery and blood-letting are well-known. His Chirurgia magna in septem Libros digesta still remains controversial; these books were published by Prospero Borgarruccio (1560) in 1568 by the Venetian editor Valgrisi. This book gives an excellent survey of surgical pathology as it was taught and treated in the 16th century. The scientific method that Vesalius used, not only in his anatomical studies but also in his surgical practice, deserves not only our full appraisal but should still be studied in our own time. PMID:8209577

  13. Bethe vectors for XXX-spin chain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper deals with algebraic Bethe ansatz for XXX-spin chain. Generators of Yang-Baxter algebra are expressed in basis of free fermions and used to calculate explicit form of Bethe vectors. Their relation to N-component models is used to prove conjecture about their form in general. Some remarks on inhomogeneous XXX-spin chain are included

  14. Bethe vectors for XXX-spin chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdík, Čestmír; Fuksa, Jan; Isaev, Alexei

    2014-11-01

    The paper deals with algebraic Bethe ansatz for XXX-spin chain. Generators of Yang-Baxter algebra are expressed in basis of free fermions and used to calculate explicit form of Bethe vectors. Their relation to N-component models is used to prove conjecture about their form in general. Some remarks on inhomogeneous XXX-spin chain are included.

  15. Andreas Struppleri intelligentsed rakendused / Andreas Struppler ; interv. Margit Aedla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Struppler, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    Disainer Andreas Struppler (sünd. 1964) enda ja oma meeskonna loodud e-mood'i sarja vannitoast, valgustusest vannitoas. Privaatala eraldamiseks ülejäänud vannitoast suunatakse värviline valgus keraamiliselt trükitud klaaspaneelile. E-sirm on ruumijagaja moodne tõlgendus

  16. Pärnograafiline / Andreas Trossek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trossek, Andreas, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Priit Pärna näitus Kumu Kunstimuuseumis kuni 21. X. Kuraator Eha Komissarov. 11. V toimus Kumu auditooriumis Priit Pärna loomingule pühendatud rahvusvaheline seminar, peaesinejaks oli Edwin Carels Belgiast. Esitamisele tuli filmiprogramm Priit Pärna filmidest ning toimus ümarlaud, milles osalesid Andreas Trossek, Mari Laaniste ja Priit Pärn

  17. Hans Bethe: Prophet of energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first part of this book is a literary portrait of the great natural scientist. The book was the result of a number of personal meetings, telephone interviews and letters exchanged, which began in 1977 and lasted two years. Bethes work comprises so many aspects of modern physics and astrophysics that only a fat encyclopedia could do him justice. The author hopes to convey at least an idea of the tremendous scope of this work. But the main theme in the article in 'The New Yorker' and in the resulting book is a discussion about energy. The importance of the energy problem is such that it completely penetrates science and politics. Thus, the third chapter is concerned with energy-political options, the catastrophe of and radioactivity after Chernobyl, and the development of concepts of reactor safety. (orig./HSCH)

  18. Colored Quantum Algebra and Its Bethe State

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigate the colored Yang—Baxter equation. Based on a trigonometric solution of colored Yang—Baxter equation, we construct a colored quantum algebra. Moreover we discuss its algebraic Bethe ansatz state and highest wight representation. (general)

  19. Bethe's quantum numbers and rigged configurations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatol N. Kirillov

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available We propose a method to determine the quantum numbers, which we call the rigged configurations, for the solutions to the Bethe ansatz equations for the spin-1/2 isotropic Heisenberg model under the periodic boundary condition. Our method is based on the observation that the sums of Bethe's quantum numbers within each string behave particularly nicely. We confirm our procedure for all solutions for length 12 chain (totally 923 solutions.

  20. Bethe's quantum numbers and rigged configurations

    OpenAIRE

    Kirillov, Anatol N.; Sakamoto, Reiho

    2016-01-01

    We propose a method to determine the quantum numbers, which we call the rigged configurations, for the solutions to the Bethe ansatz equations for the spin-1/2 isotropic Heisenberg model under the periodic boundary condition. Our method is based on the observation that the sums of Bethe's quantum numbers within each string behave particularly nicely. We confirm our procedure for all solutions for length 12 chain (totally 923 solutions).

  1. Andrea Ghez Receives Crafoord Prize

    OpenAIRE

    Sher, Ben

    2012-01-01

    The Royal Swedish Academy of Scienceshas selected Andrea Ghez, a professor of physics and astronomy at UCLA, to receive the 2012 Crafoord Prize in Astronomy. She is being honored by the Academy for “observations of stars orbiting the Galactic center, indicating the presence of a supermassive black hole.” The Crafoord Prize, which includes an accompanying award of 4 million Swedish krona, is considered one of the world’s largest scientific prizes. Ghez is the first woman to win the award since...

  2. Dr Andrea Granelli, Vice President, Telecom Italia

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    Photo 06: Dr Andrea Granelli, Chief Executive Officer, Telecom Italia Lab (second from right) visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with (from left to right) M. Cecchi , F. Gagliardi and G. Cavallari. Photo 15: Dr Andrea Granelli, Chief Executive Officer, Telecom Italia Lab (left) visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with (from left to right) M. Cecchi and G. Cavallari.

  3. Bethe vectors in GL(3)-based quantum integrable models

    CERN Document Server

    Pakuliak, S; Slavnov, N A

    2015-01-01

    We consider a composite generalized quantum integrable model solvable by the nested algebraic Bethe ansatz. Using explicit formulas of the action of the monodromy matrix elements onto Bethe vectors in the GL(3)-based quantum integrable models we prove a formula for the Bethe vectors of composite model. We show that this representation is a particular case of general coproduct property of the weight functions (Bethe vectors) found in the theory of the deformed Knizhnik--Zamolodchokov equation.

  4. Bethe vectors of GL(3)-invariant integrable models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study GL(3)-invariant integrable models solvable by the nested algebraic Bethe ansatz. Different formulas are given for the Bethe vectors and the actions of the generators of the Yangian Y(gl3) on the Bethe vectors are considered. These actions are relevant for the calculation of correlation functions and form factors of local operators of the underlying quantum models. (paper)

  5. The Yangians, Bethe ansatz and combinatorics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An axiomatic definition of a quantum monodromy matrix and the representations of its corresponding Hopf algebra are discussed. The connection between the quantum inverse transform method and the representation theory of a symmetric group is considered. A new approach to the completeness problem of Bethe vectors is also given. (orig.)

  6. Obituary: Hans Albrecht Bethe, 1906-2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Wijers

    2007-01-01

    One of the unquestioned giants of physics and astrophysics, Hans Bethe, died on 6 March 2005, at the venerable age of 98, in his home town of Ithaca, New York. Seven decades of contributing to research and a Nobel Prize for his work on stellar hydrogen burning make a listing of his honors superfluou

  7. Twisting singular solutions of Bethe's equations

    CERN Document Server

    Nepomechie, Rafael I

    2014-01-01

    The Bethe equations for the periodic XXX and XXZ spin chains admit singular solutions, for which the corresponding eigenvalues and eigenvectors are ill-defined. We use a twist regularization to derive conditions for such singular solutions to be physical, in which case they correspond to genuine eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the Hamiltonian.

  8. Obituary: Hans Albrecht Bethe, 1906-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijers, Ralph

    2007-12-01

    One of the unquestioned giants of physics and astrophysics, Hans Bethe, died on 6 March 2005, at the venerable age of 98, in his home town of Ithaca, New York. Seven decades of contributing to research and a Nobel Prize for his work on stellar hydrogen burning make a listing of his honors superfluous (besides being impossible in this space). Bethe was born in Strassburg, in then German Alsass Lothringen, on 2 July 1906. His father, Albrecht Julius Bethe (1872-1954), taught physiology at the University, and his mother, Anna Kuhn (1876-1966), was a musician and writer. Both his grandfathers were physicians. He spent his youth in Strassburg, Kiel, and Frankfurt, and some time in sanatoria due to tuberculosis. Hans's first scientific paper, at age 18, was with his father and a colleague, on dialysis. His education and early career in Germany brought him into contact with many top stars in the quantum revolution. Starting in Frankfurt in chemistry, Bethe soon switched to physics, taught there by Walter Gerlach and Karl Meissner, among others. In 1926, he successfully applied to join Arnold Sommerfeld's group in Munich, where he met one of his later long-term collaborators, Rudolf Peierls. Bethe considered his entry into physics to have come at an ideal time, with the new ideas of wave mechanics being developed and discussed right there; it was certainly also at an ideal place. His doctoral thesis was on the theory of electron diffraction by crystals, following the experimental work by Clinton Davisson and Lester Germer and the work on X-ray diffraction by Max von Laue and Paul Ewald. The newly minted doctor went from there briefly to Frankfurt and then to Ewald in Stuttgart, where he felt at home academically and personally. In 1939, Bethe would marry Ewald's daughter Rose. Not much later, though, Sommerfeld recalled him to Munich, where Sommerfeld created a Privatdozent position for him. There he worked out the solution for a linear chain of coupled spins by what we

  9. Introduction to the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz

    CERN Document Server

    van Tongeren, Stijn J

    2016-01-01

    We give a pedagogical introduction to the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz, a method that allows us to describe the thermodynamics of integrable models whose spectrum is found via the (asymptotic) Bethe ansatz. We set the stage by deriving the Fermi-Dirac distribution and associated free energy of free electrons, and then in a similar though technically more complicated fashion treat the thermodynamics of integrable models, focusing on the one dimensional Bose gas with delta function interaction as a clean pedagogical example, secondly the XXX spin chain as an elementary (lattice) model with prototypical complicating features in the form of bound states, and finally the SU(2) chiral Gross-Neveu model as a field theory example. Throughout this discussion we emphasize the central role of particle and hole densities, whose relations determine the model under consideration. We then discuss tricks that allow us to use the same methods to describe the exact spectra of integrable field theories on a circle, in particular ...

  10. Landau levels from the Bethe Ansatz equations

    OpenAIRE

    Hoshi, K.; Hatsugai, Y.

    2000-01-01

    The Bethe ansatz (BA) equations for the two-dimensional Bloch electrons in a uniform magnetic field are treated in the weak-field limit. We have calculated energies near the lower boundary of the energy spectrum up to the first nontrivial order. It corresponds to calculating a finite size correction for the excitation energies of the BA solvable lattice models and gives the Landau levels in the present problem.

  11. Landau Levels from the Bethe Ansatz Equations

    OpenAIRE

    Hoshi, K.; Hatsugai, Y.

    1999-01-01

    The Bethe ansatz (BA) equations for the two-dimensional Bloch electrons in a uniform magnetic field are treated in the weak field limit. We have calculated energies near the lower boundary of the energy spectrum up to the first nontrivial order. It corresponds to calculating a finite size correction for the excitation energies of the BA solvable lattice models and gives the Landau levels in the present problem.

  12. Participatory management at Boston's Beth Israel Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabkin, M T; Avakian, L

    1992-05-01

    In the mid-1980s, the senior management of Boston's Beth Israel Hospital became concerned that continuous cost-cutting efforts could lower the quality of the hospital's services and the morale of its staff. This led them to investigate organizational approaches to "participatory management" to determine whether any of these might be of value to the hospital. They decided that an approach developed in the 1930s called the "Scanlon Plan" would be compatible with the workplace culture of Beth Israel, could help the hospital meet the ongoing problems of change, and could help the staff at all levels develop a sense that they owned the problems of quality, productivity, and efficiency, which would motivate them to address these problems constructively in the face of necessary budget constraints. This plan has two mechanisms to foster employees' positive participation: (1) a process to ensure that all members of the organization have the opportunity to improve productivity, primarily through an open suggestion system and a responsive committee structure, and (2) a means of providing equitable rewards for all members of the organization as productivity and quality improve. This essay describes in some detail the plan and why it was selected, explains how it was adapted, prepared for, and finally implemented in 1989, and reports its success, lessons learned, and future plans as of early 1992. The authors believe Beth Israel's experience with the Scanlon Plan is noteworthy as an example of a leading teaching hospital's taking a quality improvement program seriously and making it work. PMID:1575858

  13. Matrix coordinate Bethe Ansatz: applications to XXZ and ASEP models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present the construction of the full set of eigenvectors of the open asymmetric simple exclusion process (ASEP) and XXZ models with special constraints on the boundaries. The method combines both recent constructions of coordinate Bethe Ansatz and the old method of matrix Ansatz specific to the ASEP. This 'matrix coordinate Bethe Ansatz' can be viewed as a non-commutative coordinate Bethe Ansatz, the non-commutative part being related to the algebra appearing in the matrix Ansatz. (paper)

  14. Graph optimization problems on a Bethe lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Mário J.

    1989-01-01

    The p-partitioning and p-coloring problems on a Bethe lattice of coordination number z are analyzed. It is shown that these two NP-complete optimization problems turn out to be equivalent to finding the ground-state energy of p-state Potts models with frustration. Numerical calculation of the cost function of both problems are carried out for several values of z and p. In the case of p=2 the results are identical to those obtained by Mézard and Parisi for the case of the bipartitioning problem. A numerical upper bound to the chromatic number is found for several values of z.

  15. Introduction to the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Tongeren, Stijn J.

    2016-08-01

    We give a pedagogical introduction to the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz, a method that allows us to describe the thermodynamics of integrable models whose spectrum is found via the (asymptotic) Bethe ansatz. We set the stage by deriving the Fermi–Dirac distribution and associated free energy of free electrons, and then in a similar though technically more complicated fashion treat the thermodynamics of integrable models, focusing first on the one-dimensional Bose gas with delta function interaction as a clean pedagogical example, secondly the XXX spin chain as an elementary (lattice) model with prototypical complicating features in the form of bound states, and finally the {SU}(2) chiral Gross–Neveu model as a field theory example. Throughout this discussion we emphasize the central role of particle and hole densities, whose relations determine the model under consideration. We then discuss tricks that allow us to use the same methods to describe the exact spectra of integrable field theories on a circle, in particular the chiral Gross–Neveu model. We moreover discuss the simplification of TBA equations to Y systems, including the transition back to integral equations given sufficient analyticity data, in simple examples.

  16. Continuous representations of scalar products of Bethe vectors

    CERN Document Server

    Galleas, W

    2016-01-01

    We present families of single determinantal representations of on-shell scalar products of Bethe vectors. Our families of representations are parameterized by a continuous complex variable which can be fixed at convenience. Here we consider Bethe vectors in two versions of the six-vertex model: the case with boundary twists and the case with open boundaries.

  17. Overlaps of Partial Neel States and Bethe States

    CERN Document Server

    Foda, O

    2015-01-01

    Partial Neel states are generalizations of the ordinary Neel (classical anti-ferromagnet) state that can have arbitrary integer spin. We study overlaps of these states with Bethe states. We first identify this overlap with a partial version of reflecting-boundary domain-wall partition function, and then derive various determinant representations for off-shell and on-shell Bethe states.

  18. Obituary: Beth Brown (1969-2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bregman, Joel

    2011-12-01

    The astronomical community lost one of its most buoyant and caring individuals when Beth Brown died, unexpectedly, at the age of 39 from a pulmonary embolism. Beth Brown was born in Roanoke, Virginia where she developed a deep interest in astronomy, science, and science fiction (Star Trek). After graduating as the valedictorian of William Fleming High School's Class of 1987, she attended Howard University, where she graduated summa cum laude in 1991 with a bachelor's degree in astrophysics. Following a year in the graduate physics program at Howard, she entered the graduate program in the Department of Astronomy at the University of Michigan, the first African-American woman in the program. She received her PhD in 1998, working with X-ray observations of elliptical galaxies from the Röntgen Satellite (ROSAT; Joel Bregman was her advisor). She compiled and analyzed the first large complete sample of such galaxies with ROSAT and her papers in this area made an impact in the field. Following her PhD, Beth Brown held a National Academy of Science & National Research Council Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. Subsequently, she became a civil servant at the National Space Science Data Center at GSFC, where she was involved in data archival activities as well as education and outreach, a continuing passion in her life. In 2006, Brown became an Astrophysics Fellow at GSFC, during which time she worked as a visiting Assistant Professor at Howard University, where she taught and worked with students and faculty to improve the teaching observatory. At the time of her death, she was eagerly looking forward to a new position at GSFC as the Assistant Director for Science Communications and Higher Education. Beth Brown was a joyous individual who loved to work with people, especially in educating them about our remarkable field. Her warmth and openness was a great aid in making accessible explanations of otherwise daunting astrophysical

  19. Cyclotomic Gaudin Models: Construction and Bethe Ansatz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicedo, Benoît; Young, Charles

    2016-05-01

    To any finite-dimensional simple Lie algebra g and automorphism {σ: gto g we associate a cyclotomic Gaudin algebra. This is a large commutative subalgebra of {U(g)^{⊗ N}} generated by a hierarchy of cyclotomic Gaudin Hamiltonians. It reduces to the Gaudin algebra in the special case {σ =id}. We go on to construct joint eigenvectors and their eigenvalues for this hierarchy of cyclotomic Gaudin Hamiltonians, in the case of a spin chain consisting of a tensor product of Verma modules. To do so we generalize an approach to the Bethe ansatz due to Feigin, Frenkel and Reshetikhin involving vertex algebras and the Wakimoto construction. As part of this construction, we make use of a theorem concerning cyclotomic coinvariants, which we prove in a companion paper. As a byproduct, we obtain a cyclotomic generalization of the Schechtman-Varchenko formula for the weight function.

  20. The San Andreas Fault 'Supersite' (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudnut, K. W.

    2013-12-01

    An expanded and permanent Supersite has been proposed to the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) for the San Andreas Fault system, based upon the successful initial Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Geohazard Supersite for the Los Angeles region from 2009-2013. As justification for the comprehensive San Andreas Supersite, consider the earthquake history of California, in particular the devastating M 7.8 San Francisco earthquake of 1906, which occurred along the San Andreas Fault, as did an earthquake of similar magnitude in 1857 in southern California. Los Angeles was only a small town then, but now the risk exposure has increased for both of California's megacities. Between the San Francisco and Los Angeles urban areas lies a section of the San Andreas Fault known to creep continually, so it has relatively less earthquake hazard. It used to be thought of as capable of stopping earthquakes entering it from either direction. Transitional behavior at either end of the creeping section is known to display a full range of seismic to aseismic slip events and accompanying seismicity and strain transient events. Because the occurrence of creep events is well documented by instrumental networks such as CISN and PBO, the San Andreas Supersite can be expected to be especially effective. A good baseline level of geodetic data regarding past events and strain accumulation and release exists. Many prior publications regarding the occurrence of geophysical phenomena along the San Andreas Fault system mean that in order to make novel contributions, state-of-the-art science will be required within this Supersite region. In more recent years, the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake struck adjacent to the San Andreas Fault and caused the most damage along the western side of the San Francisco Bay Area. More recently, the concern has focused on the potential for future events along the Hayward Fault along the eastern side of San Francisco Bay. In Southern California, earthquakes

  1. Matrix coordinate Bethe Ansatz: applications to XXZ and ASEP models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crampe, N [Laboratoire Charles Coulomb, UMR 5221, Universite Montpellier 2, F-34095 Montpellier (France); Ragoucy, E [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique LAPTH, CNRS and Universite de Savoie, 9 chemin de Bellevue, BP 110, F-74941 Annecy-le-Vieux Cedex (France); Simon, D, E-mail: nicolas.crampe@univ-montp2.fr, E-mail: ragoucy@lapp.in2p3.fr, E-mail: damien.simon@upmc.fr [LPMA, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Case Courrier 188, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France)

    2011-10-07

    We present the construction of the full set of eigenvectors of the open asymmetric simple exclusion process (ASEP) and XXZ models with special constraints on the boundaries. The method combines both recent constructions of coordinate Bethe Ansatz and the old method of matrix Ansatz specific to the ASEP. This 'matrix coordinate Bethe Ansatz' can be viewed as a non-commutative coordinate Bethe Ansatz, the non-commutative part being related to the algebra appearing in the matrix Ansatz. (paper)

  2. Two-body bound states & the Bethe-Salpeter equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pichowsky, M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Kennedy, M. [Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States). Physics Dept.; Strickland, M. [Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)

    1995-01-18

    The Bethe-Salpeter formalism is used to study two-body bound states within a scalar theory: two scalar fields interacting via the exchange of a third massless scalar field. The Schwinger-Dyson equation is derived using functional and diagrammatic techniques, and the Bethe-Salpeter equation is obtained in an analogous way, showing it to be a two-particle generalization of the Schwinger-Dyson equation. The authors also present a numerical method for solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation without three-dimensional reduction. The ground and first excited state masses and wavefunctions are computed within the ladder approximation and space-like form factors are calculated.

  3. SAFOD Penetrates the San Andreas Fault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark D. Zoback

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available SAFOD, the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (Fig. 1, completed an important milestone in July 2005 by drilling through the San Andreas Fault at seismogenic depth. SAFOD is one of three major components of EarthScope, a U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF initiative being conducted in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS. The International Continental Scientific DrillingProgram (ICDP provides engineering and technical support for the project as well as online access to project data and information (http://www.icdp-online.de/sites/sanandreas/news/news1.html. In 2002, the ICDP, the NSF, and the USGS provided funding for a pilot hole project at the SAFOD site. Twenty scientifi c papers summarizing the results of the pilot hole project as well as pre-SAFOD site characterization studies were published in Geophysical Research Letters (Vol.31, Nos. 12 and 15, 2004.

  4. Norm of Bethe Wave Function as a Determinant

    CERN Document Server

    Korepin, Vladimir E

    2009-01-01

    This is a historical note. Bethe Ansatz solvable models are considered, for example XXZ Heisenberg anti-ferromagnet and Bose gas with delta interaction. Periodic boundary conditions lead to Bethe equation. The square of the norm of Bethe wave function is equal to a determinant of linearized system of Bethe equations (determinant of matrix of second derivatives of Yang action). The proof was first published in Communications in Mathematical Physics, vol 86, page 391 in l982. Also domain wall boundary conditions for 6 vertex model were discovered in the same paper [see Appendix D]. These play an important role for algebraic combinatorics: alternating sign matrices, domino tiling and plane partition. Many publications are devoted to six vertex model with domain wall boundary conditions.

  5. Twisted Bethe equations from a twisted S-matrix

    CERN Document Server

    Ahn, Changrim; Bombardelli, Diego; Nepomechie, Rafael I

    2010-01-01

    All-loop asymptotic Bethe equations for a 3-parameter deformation of AdS5/CFT4 have been proposed by Beisert and Roiban. We propose a Drinfeld twist of the AdS5/CFT4 S-matrix, together with c-number diagonal twists of the boundary conditions, from which we derive these Bethe equations. Although the undeformed S-matrix factorizes into a product of two su(2|2) factors, the deformed S-matrix cannot be so factored. Diagonalization of the corresponding transfer matrix requires a generalization of the conventional algebraic Bethe ansatz approach, which we first illustrate for the simpler case of the twisted su(2) principal chiral model. We also demonstrate that the same twisted Bethe equations can alternatively be derived using instead untwisted S-matrices and boundary conditions with operatorial twists.

  6. Off-diagonal Bethe ansatz for exactly solvable models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book serves as an introduction of the off-diagonal Bethe Ansatz method, an analytic theory for the eigenvalue problem of quantum integrable models. It also presents some fundamental knowledge about quantum integrability and the algebraic Bethe Ansatz method. Based on the intrinsic properties of R-matrix and K-matrices, the book introduces a systematic method to construct operator identities of transfer matrix. These identities allow one to establish the inhomogeneous T-Q relation formalism to obtain Bethe Ansatz equations and to retrieve corresponding eigenstates. Several longstanding models can thus be solved via this method since the lack of obvious reference states is made up. Both the exact results and the off-diagonal Bethe Ansatz method itself may have important applications in the fields of quantum field theory, low-dimensional condensed matter physics, statistical physics and cold atom systems.

  7. Bethe Ansatz for the Ruijsenaars Model of BC_1-Type

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg Chalykh

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available We consider one-dimensional elliptic Ruijsenaars model of type $BC_1$. It is given by a three-term difference Schrödinger operator $L$ containing 8 coupling constants. We show that when all coupling constants are integers, $L$ has meromorphic eigenfunctions expressed by a variant of Bethe ansatz. This result generalizes the Bethe ansatz formulas known in the $A_1$-case.

  8. Modified Bethe-Weizsaecker mass formula for hypernuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bethe-Weizsaecker mass formula originally designed to reproduce the gross features of nuclear binding energies for medium and heavy mass nuclei, fails for light nuclei especially away from the line of stability. To alleviate this problem a modified Bethe-Weizsaecker mass formula was suggested which explained the gross features of the binding energy versus neutron number curves of all the elements from Li to Bi

  9. Nuclear forces the making of the physicist Hans Bethe

    CERN Document Server

    Schweber, Silvan S

    2012-01-01

    On the fiftieth anniversary of Hiroshima, Nobel-winning physicist Hans Bethe called on his fellow scientists to stop working on weapons of mass destruction. What drove Bethe, the head of Theoretical Physics at Los Alamos during the Manhattan Project, to renounce the weaponry he had once worked so tirelessly to create? That is one of the questions answered by "Nuclear Forces", a riveting biography of Bethe's early life and development as both a scientist and a man of principle. As Silvan Schweber follows Bethe from his childhood in Germany, to laboratories in Italy and England, and on to Cornell University, he shows how these differing environments were reflected in the kind of physics Bethe produced. Many of the young quantum physicists in the 1930s, including Bethe, had Jewish roots, and Schweber considers how Liberal Judaism in Germany helps explain their remarkable contributions. A portrait emerges of a man whose strategy for staying on top of a deeply hierarchical field was to tackle only those problems h...

  10. Ugala juurutab fantasy't / Andreas W ; interv. Margus Kasterpalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Andreas W, pseud.

    1999-01-01

    "Meremaa võlur. Päeva kaldad", näidend Ursula K Le Guini "Meremaa võluri" teemadel,kirjutanud Andreas W ja lavastanud Andres Noormets, kunstnik Silver Vahtre, valguskunstnik Airi Eras, helikujundaja ja videograafik Andreas W. Esietendus Ugalas 29. apr.

  11. Ising spin glass on Bethe-like lattices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ising spin glass on Bethe-like lattices is studied focusing on the replica symmetry breaking near the spin glass transition temperature. To see the frustration effects of small loops, spin glass order parameter functions and the de Almeida-Thouless (AT) lines in small magnetic fields are obtained for the Bethe-like cactus lattices. As approximations for realistic short range models, they are compared with the results for the Bethe lattice without small loops to see the effects of the loops. Triangular, tetrahedral and square cactus lattices are studied. The slope of the spin glass order parameter function for a cactus lattice is smaller than the corresponding one for the Bethe lattice. The replica symmetry breaking region in fields for the cactus lattice is larger than that for the corresponding Bethe lattice except for the smallest number of connectivity of the loops in the triangular and tetrahedral cactus lattices. To obtain the results, an equation among quantities that are related to the spin glass order parameter is used. This equation is shown to be related to an equation derived within a cluster approximation without using replicas. (author)

  12. Synthetic seismicity for the San Andreas fault

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. N. Ward

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Because historical catalogs generally span only a few repetition intervals of major earthquakes, they do not provide much constraint on how regularly earthquakes recur. In order to obtain better recurrence statistics and long-term probability estimates for events M ? 6 on the San Andreas fault, we apply a seismicity model to this fault. The model is based on the concept of fault segmentation and the physics of static dislocations which allow for stress transfer between segments. Constraints are provided by geological and seismological observations of segment lengths, characteristic magnitudes and long-term slip rates. Segment parameters slightly modified from the Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities allow us to reproduce observed seismicity over four orders of magnitude. The model yields quite irregular earthquake recurrence patterns. Only the largest events (M ? 7.5 are quasi-periodic; small events cluster. Both the average recurrence time and the aperiodicity are also a function of position along the fault. The model results are consistent with paleoseismic data for the San Andreas fault as well as a global set of historical and paleoseismic recurrence data. Thus irregular earthquake recurrence resulting from segment interaction is consistent with a large range of observations.

  13. Selected Works Of Hans A Bethe (With Commentary)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hans A Bethe received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1967 for his work on the production of energy in stars. A living legend among the physics community, he helped to shape classical physics into quantum physics and increased the understanding of the atomic processes responsible for the properties of matter and of the forces governing the structures of atomic nuclei. This collection of papers by Prof Bethe dates from 1928, when he received his PhD, to now. It covers several areas and reflects the many contributions in research and discovery made by one of the most important and eminent physicists of all time. Special commentaries have been written by Prof Bethe to complement the selected papers

  14. Integrable achiral D5-brane reflections and asymptotic Bethe equations

    CERN Document Server

    Correa, Diego H; Young, Charles A S

    2011-01-01

    We study the reflection of magnons from a D5-brane in the framework of the AdS/CFT correspondence. We consider two possible orientations of the D5-brane with respect to the reference vacuum state, namely vacuum states aligned along "vertical" and "horizontal" directions. We show that the reflections are of the achiral type. We also show that the reflection matrices satisfy the boundary Yang-Baxter equations for both orientations. In the horizontal case the reflection matrix can be interpreted in terms of a bulk S-matrix, S(p, -p), and factorizability of boundary scattering therefore follows from that of bulk scattering. Finally, we solve the nested coordinate Bethe ansatz for the system in the vertical case to find the Bethe equations. In the horizontal case, the Bethe equations are of the same form as those for the closed string.

  15. Constrained variational results for the new Bethe homework problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bethe has proposed two model N-N interactions, one containing a central plus sigma1.sigma2 spin dependence and the other containing in addition a tensor force, to study the convergence of various many-body techniques for calculating the bulk properties of many fermion fluids. Following the success of using constrained variational calculations in describing the behaviour of the original Bethe homework problem involving a purely central interaction, results in neutron matter and nuclear matter for the new spin-dependent potentials, are here presented. (author)

  16. Improved Numerical Generalization of Bethe- Weizsacker Mass Formula

    CERN Document Server

    Mavrodiev, Strachimir

    2016-01-01

    In this paper is presented explicit improved numerical generalization of Bethe-Weizsacker mass formulae which describes the values of measured 2654 nuclear mass in AME2012 nuclear database with accuracy less than 2.2 MeV, starting from the number of protons Z=1 and number of neutrons N=1. In the obtained generazation of the Bethe-Weizsacker formula the influence of magic numbers and boundaries of their influence between them is defined for nine proton (2, 8, 14, 20, 28, 50, 82, 108, 124) and ten neutron (2, 8, 14, 20, 28, 50, 82, 124, 152, 202) magic numbers.

  17. Nested Bethe ansatz for "all" closed spin chains

    OpenAIRE

    Belliard, S.; Ragoucy, E.

    2008-01-01

    We present in an unified and detailed way the Nested Bethe Ansatz for closed spin chains based on Y(gl(n)), Y(gl(m|n)), U_q(gl(n)) or U_q(gl(m|n)) (super)algebras, with arbitrary representations (i.e. `spins') on each site of the chain. In particular, the case of indecomposable representations of superalgebras is studied. The construction extends and unifies the results already obtained for spin chains based on Y(gl(n)) or U_q(gl(n)) and for some particular super-spin chains. We give the Beth...

  18. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for integrable extended Hubbard models arising from supersymmetric group solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bracken, Anthony J.; Ge Xiangyu; Gould, Mark D.; Links, Jon; Zhou Huanqiang [Centre for Mathematical Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD (Australia)

    2001-06-01

    Integrable extended Hubbard models arising from symmetric group solutions are examined in the framework of the graded quantum inverse scattering method. The Bethe ansatz equations for all these models are derived by using the algebraic Bethe ansatz method. (author)

  19. ANDREAE VESALII: THE BONES AND MUSCLES ANDREA VESALII: LOS HUESOS Y LOS MÚSCULOS

    OpenAIRE

    Henrique Ayres de Vasconcellos; Pedro Henrique Barros de Vasconcellos

    2004-01-01

    The historical references are taken from Aristoteles (384-322 a C) considered the father of Kinesiology, and Claudius Galenus from Pergamon (131-201), the first team doctor. Both men´s studies shared the same objective: functional-anatomic aspects related to the Locomotive System. Although there were several descriptive anatomic studies of bones and muscles, it was Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564), whom most significantly contributed to the development of a new methodology for the lectures ...

  20. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for 19-vertex models with upper triangular K-matrices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By means of an algebraic Bethe ansatz approach, we study the Zamolodchikov–Fateev and Izergin–Korepin vertex models with non-diagonal boundaries, characterized by reflection matrices with an upper triangular form. Generalized Bethe vectors are used to diagonalize the associated transfer matrix. The eigenvalues as well as the Bethe equations are presented. (paper)

  1. Bethe states of the integrable spin-s chain with generic open boundaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the inhomogeneous T –Q relation and the associated Bethe ansatz equations obtained via the off-diagonal Bethe ansatz, we construct the Bethe-type eigenstates of the SU(2)-invariant spin-s chain with generic non-diagonal boundaries by employing certain orthogonal basis of the Hilbert space. (paper)

  2. Algebraic Bethe Ansatz for Open XXX Model with Triangular Boundary Matrices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belliard, Samuel; Crampé, Nicolas; Ragoucy, Eric

    2013-05-01

    We consider an open XXX spin chain with two general boundary matrices whose entries obey a relation, which is equivalent to the possibility to put simultaneously the two matrices in a upper-triangular form. We construct Bethe vectors by means of a generalized algebraic Bethe ansatz. As usual, the method uses Bethe equations and provides transfer matrix eigenvalues.

  3. Algebraic Bethe Ansatz for O(2N) sigma models with integrable diagonal boundaries

    CERN Document Server

    Gombor, Tamas

    2015-01-01

    The finite volume problem of O(2N) sigma models with integrable diagonal boundaries on a finite interval is investigated. The double row transfer matrix is diagonalized by Algebraic Bethe Ansatz. The boundary Bethe Yang equations for the particle rapidities and the accompanying Bethe Ansatz equations are derived.

  4. Andrea del Castagno. Última Cena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás García-Salgado

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Apreciar la geometría como principio generador de la obra de arte es el objetivo de esta investigación. Es sabido que la reinvención de la perspectiva logró la conquista del espacio pictórico en la pintura renacentista, una aventura que tuvo su origen en los experimentos de elleschi, La Trinità de Masaccio y el tratado Della Pittura de Alberti. Dos décadas después de estos acontecimientos, nuestro personaje, Andrea del Castagno, comenzó a pintar un fresco en el convento de Santa Apolonia, plasmando una Última Cena en perspectiva dotada de un efecto ilusionístico. Nuestro objetivo es formular una hipótesis sobre la construcción de su trazo perspectivo, pues no hay evidencia –si la hubo– que revele su secreto.

  5. Freud y lou andreas-salome

    OpenAIRE

    Ardila y Ardila, Rubén

    2012-01-01

    Mi primer encuentro con la figura de Lou Andreas-Salome fue leyendo a Nietzsche. EI gran filósofo Alemán, cuya obra es una sublimación de su neurosis, de su personalidad destrozada, de su fracaso como amante y como ser humano, la consideró como una mujer extraordinaria y la amo más que a nadie. Ella, por su personalidad independiente y sus conflictos, lo rechazo tras un año de cálida amistad; a esto contribuyó también la familia de Nietzsche, con sus celos y su espíritu sobreprotector. EI gra...

  6. On the algebraic Bethe ansatz: Periodic boundary conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Lima-Santos, A.

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, the algebraic Bethe ansatz with periodic boundary conditions is used to investigate trigonometric vertex models associated with the fundamental representations of the non-exceptional Lie algebras. This formulation allow us to present explicit expressions for the eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the respective transfer matrices.

  7. Coordinate Bethe Ansatz for Spin s XXX Model

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolas Crampé; Eric Ragoucy; Ludovic Alonzi

    2010-01-01

    We compute the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of the periodic integrable spin s XXX model using the coordinate Bethe ansatz. To do so, we compute explicitly the Hamiltonian of the model. These results generalize what has been obtained for spin 1/2 and spin 1 chains.

  8. Pionierin der Religionspsychologie: Marianne Beth (1890-1984)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.A. Belzen

    2010-01-01

    This article deals with the contributions to the psychology of religion made by Dr. Marianne Beth (1890-1984), an almost totally forgotten pioneer of the psychology of religion. The article especially contextualizes her initiative to turn "unbelief" into a topic for research in psychology of religio

  9. Regge behaviour within the Bethe-Salpeter approach

    CERN Document Server

    Kubrak, Stanislav; Williams, Richard

    2014-01-01

    We present a calculation of the spectrum of light and heavy quark bound states in the rainbow-ladder truncation of Dyson-Schwinger/Bethe-Salpeter equations. By extending the formalism include the case of total angular momentum J=3, we are able to explore Regge trajectories and make prediction of tensor bound states for light and heavy quarkonia.

  10. Characters in Conformal Field Theories from Thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz

    OpenAIRE

    Kuniba, A.; Nakanishi, T; Suzuki, J.

    1993-01-01

    We propose a new $q$-series formula for a character of parafermion conformal field theories associated to arbitrary non-twisted affine Lie algebra $\\widehat{g}$. We show its natural origin from a thermodynamic Bethe ansatz analysis including chemical potentials.

  11. [Joonas Sildre ; Andreas Trossek. Narratiivsus piltides] / Sven Vabar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vabar, Sven, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Trossek, Andreas ; Sildre, Joonas. Narratiivsus piltides. Eesti '00 aastate autorikoomiks. Osa 2 = Narration in pictures. Estonian alternative comics from the '00s. Part 2. Tallinn : Haus Galerii, 2009

  12. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX chain with triangular boundaries and Gaudin model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cirilo António, N.; Manojlović, N.; Salom, I.

    2014-12-01

    We implement fully the algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX Heisenberg spin chain in the case when both boundary matrices can be brought to the upper-triangular form. We define the Bethe vectors which yield the strikingly simple expression for the off shell action of the transfer matrix, deriving the spectrum and the relevant Bethe equations. We explore further these results by obtaining the off shell action of the generating function of the Gaudin Hamiltonians on the corresponding Bethe vectors through the so-called quasi-classical limit. Moreover, this action is as simple as it could possibly be, yielding the spectrum and the Bethe equations of the Gaudin model.

  13. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX chain with triangular boundaries and Gaudin model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cirilo António, N., E-mail: nantonio@math.ist.utl.pt [Centro de Análise Funcional e Aplicações, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Manojlović, N., E-mail: nmanoj@ualg.pt [Grupo de Física Matemática da Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto 2, PT-1649-003 Lisboa (Portugal); Departamento de Matemática, F.C.T., Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, PT-8005-139 Faro (Portugal); Salom, I., E-mail: isalom@ipb.ac.rs [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 57, 11080 Belgrade (Serbia)

    2014-12-15

    We implement fully the algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX Heisenberg spin chain in the case when both boundary matrices can be brought to the upper-triangular form. We define the Bethe vectors which yield the strikingly simple expression for the off shell action of the transfer matrix, deriving the spectrum and the relevant Bethe equations. We explore further these results by obtaining the off shell action of the generating function of the Gaudin Hamiltonians on the corresponding Bethe vectors through the so-called quasi-classical limit. Moreover, this action is as simple as it could possibly be, yielding the spectrum and the Bethe equations of the Gaudin model.

  14. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX chain with triangular boundaries and Gaudin model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We implement fully the algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX Heisenberg spin chain in the case when both boundary matrices can be brought to the upper-triangular form. We define the Bethe vectors which yield the strikingly simple expression for the off shell action of the transfer matrix, deriving the spectrum and the relevant Bethe equations. We explore further these results by obtaining the off shell action of the generating function of the Gaudin Hamiltonians on the corresponding Bethe vectors through the so-called quasi-classical limit. Moreover, this action is as simple as it could possibly be, yielding the spectrum and the Bethe equations of the Gaudin model

  15. Bethe states of the XXZ spin-12 chain with arbitrary boundary fields

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Zhang

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Based on the inhomogeneous T−Q relation constructed via the off-diagonal Bethe Ansatz, the Bethe-type eigenstates of the XXZ spin-12 chain with arbitrary boundary fields are constructed. It is found that by employing two sets of gauge transformations, proper generators and reference state for constructing Bethe vectors can be obtained respectively. Given an inhomogeneous T−Q relation for an eigenvalue, it is proven that the resulting Bethe state is an eigenstate of the transfer matrix, provided that the parameters of the generators satisfy the associated Bethe Ansatz equations.

  16. Andreas Vesalius' understanding of pulmonary ventilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hage, J Joris; Brinkman, Romy J

    2016-09-01

    The historical evolution of understanding of the mechanical aspects of respiration is not well recorded. That the anatomist Andreas Vesalius (1515-1564) first recorded many of these mechanics in De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem has received little attention. We searched a digital copy of De Fabrica (1543) and its English translation as provided by Richardson and Carman (1998-2009) for references to aspects of pulmonary ventilation. We found that Vesalius grasped the essentials of tidal and forced respiration. He recognized that atmospheric pressure carried air into the lungs, approximately 100 years before Borelli did. He described an in vivo experiment of breathing, some 120 years before John Mayow produced his artificial model. He reported on positive pressure ventilation through a tracheotomy and on its life-saving effect, some 100 years before Robert Hook did. In publicly recording his insights over 450 years ago, Vesalius laid a firm basis for our understanding of the physiology of respiration and the management of its disorders. PMID:27238371

  17. Scalar products of Bethe vectors in models with $\\mathfrak{gl}(2|1)$ symmetry 2. Determinant representation

    CERN Document Server

    Hutsalyuk, A; Pakuliak, S Z; Ragoucy, E; Slavnov, N A

    2016-01-01

    We study integrable models with $\\mathfrak{gl}(2|1)$ symmetry and solvable by nested algebraic Bethe ansatz. We obtain a determinant representation for scalar products of Bethe vectors, when the Bethe parameters obey some relations weaker than the Bethe equations. This representation allows us to find the norms of on-shell Bethe vectors and obtain determinant formulas for form factors of the diagonal entries of the monodromy matrix.

  18. Coordinate Bethe ANSÄTZE for Non-Diagonal Boundaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ragoucy, Eric

    2013-11-01

    Bethe ansatz goes back to 1931, when H. Bethe invented it to solve some one-dimensional models, such as XXX spin chain, proposed by W. Heisenberg in 1928. Although it is a very powerful method to compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the corresponding Hamiltonian, it can be applied only for very specific boundary conditions: periodic boundary ones, and so-called open-diagonal boundary ones. After reviewing this method, we will present a generalization of it that applies also to open-triangular boundary conditions. This short note presents only the basic ideas of the technique, and does not attend to give a general overview of the subject. Interested readers should refer to the original papers and references therein.

  19. Bethe-Salpeter bound-state structure in Minkowski space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, C.; Gigante, V.; Frederico, T.; Salmè, G.; Viviani, M.; Tomio, Lauro

    2016-08-01

    The quantitative investigation of the scalar Bethe-Salpeter equation in Minkowski space, within the ladder-approximation framework, is extended to include the excited states. This study has been carried out for an interacting system composed by two massive bosons exchanging a massive scalar, by adopting (i) the Nakanishi integral representation of the Bethe-Salpeter amplitude, and (ii) the formally exact projection onto the null plane. Our analysis, on one hand, confirms the reliability of the method already applied to the ground state and, on the other one, extends the investigation from the valence distribution in momentum space to the corresponding quantity in the impact-parameter space, pointing out some relevant features, like (i) the equivalence between Minkowski and Euclidean transverse-momentum amplitudes, and (ii) the leading exponential fall-off of the valence wave function in the impact-parameter space.

  20. Bethe-Salpeter bound-state structure in Minkowski space

    CERN Document Server

    Gutierrez, C; Frederico, T; Salmè, G; Viviani, M; Tomio, Lauro

    2016-01-01

    The quantitative investigation of the scalar Bethe-Salpeter equation in Minkowski space, within the ladder-approximation framework, is extended to include the excited states. This study has been carried out for an interacting system composed by two massive bosons exchanging a massive scalar, by adopting (i) the Nakanishi integral representation of the Bethe-Salpeter amplitude, and (ii) the formally exact projection onto the null plane. Our analysis, on one hand, confirms the reliability of the method already applied to the ground state and, on the other one, extends the investigation from the valence distribution in momentum space to the corresponding quantity in the impact-parameter space, pointing out some relevant features, like (i) the equivalence between Minkowski and Euclidean transverse-momentum amplitudes, and (ii) the leading exponential fall-off of the valence wave function in the impact-parameter space.

  1. Glueball properties from the Bethe-Salpeter equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For over thirty years bound states of gluons are an outstanding problem of both theoretical and experimental physics. Being predicted by Quantum-Chromodynamics their experimental confirmation is one of the foremost goals of large experimental facilities currently under construction like FAIR in Darmstadt. This thesis presents a novel approach to the theoretical determination of physical properties of bound states of two gluons, called glueballs. It uses the consistent combination of Schwinger-Dyson equations for gluons and ghosts and appropriate Bethe-Salpeter equations describing their corresponding bound-states. A rigorous derivation of both sets of equations, starting from an 2PI effective action is given as well as a general determination of appropriate decompositions of Bethe-Salpeter amplitudes to a given set of quantum numbers of a glueball. As an application example bound state masses of glueballs in a simple truncation scheme are calculated. (orig.)

  2. Covariant Bethe-Salpeter wave functions for heavy hadrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years the dynamics of heavy mesons and baryons has considerably simplified by the development of the so-called heavy quark effective theory (HQET). A covariant formulation of heavy meson and heavy baryon decays in the leading order of the HQET is presented. The method is based on a Bethe-Salpeter formulation in the limit of the heavy quark mass going to infinity. 15 refs, 4 figs

  3. On the Bethe approximation to the reactance matrix

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bethe approximation to the reactance matrix is considered for electron-neutral-atom collisions. Analytic expressions are given for the matrix elements. For the special case of electron-neutral-atom scattering the sum rules of Burgess are simplified. Particular consideration is given to the problem of calculating cross sections for dipole transitions. Partial cross sections are presented for all non-exact resonance dipole transitions between hydrogen atom states, with n, n' = 11, 31, 51, 71, 91. (author)

  4. How algebraic Bethe ansatz works for integrable model

    CERN Document Server

    Fadeev, L

    1996-01-01

    I study the technique of Algebraic Bethe Ansatz for solving integrable models and show how it works in detail on the simplest example of spin 1/2 XXX magnetic chain. Several other models are treated more superficially, only the specific details are given. Several parameters, appearing in these generalizations: spin s, anisotropy parameter \\ga, shift \\om in the alternating chain, allow to include in our treatment most known examples of soliton theory, including relativistic model of Quantum Field Theory.

  5. Bethe ansatz for higher spin eight vertex models

    CERN Document Server

    Takebe, T

    1995-01-01

    A generalization of the eight vertex model by means of higher spin representations of the Sklyanin algebra is investigated by the quantum inverse scattering method and the algebraic Bethe Ansatz. Under the well-known string hypothesis low-lying excited states are considered and scattering phase shifts of two physical particles are calculated. The S matrix of two particle states is shown to be proportional to the Baxter's elliptic R matrix with a different elliptic modulus from the original one.

  6. Excited charmonium states from Bethe-Salpeter Equation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šauli, Vladimír; Bicudo, P.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 7, 043 (2012), s. 1-10. ISSN 1824-8039. [International Workshop on QCD Green’s Functions. Tranto, 05.09.2011-09.09.2011] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LG11005 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Keywords : charmonium * Bethe-Salpeter Equation Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics http://pos.sissa.it/archive/conferences/136/043/QCD- TNT -II_043.pdf

  7. RPA equations and the instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter equation

    CERN Document Server

    Resag, J

    1993-01-01

    We give a derivation of the particle-hole RPA equations for an interacting multi-fermion system by applying the instantaneous approximation to the amputated two-fermion propagator of the system. In relativistic field theory the same approximation leads from the fermion-antifermion Bethe-Salpeter equation to the Salpeter equation. We show that RPA equations and Salpeter equation are indeed equivalent.

  8. Multiplication factor in multiwire proportional chambers: a Bethe formulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work presents a model describing the electronic gain for multiwire proportional chambers. An expression for the electronic multiplication is achieved through the ionization cross section of the filling gas by electron impact. The individual ionization process is considered as a transition into continuum and estimated by the Bethe formula. This model is compared to both experimental and semi-empirical previously reported data. ((orig.))

  9. Bethe-Peierls approximation and the inverse Ising model

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, H. Chau; Berg, Johannes

    2011-01-01

    We apply the Bethe-Peierls approximation to the problem of the inverse Ising model and show how the linear response relation leads to a simple method to reconstruct couplings and fields of the Ising model. This reconstruction is exact on tree graphs, yet its computational expense is comparable to other mean-field methods. We compare the performance of this method to the independent-pair, naive mean- field, Thouless-Anderson-Palmer approximations, the Sessak-Monasson expansion, and susceptibil...

  10. Bethe ansatz solvable multi-chain quantum systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this article we review recent developments in the one-dimensional Bethe ansatz solvable multi-chain quantum models. The algebraic version of the Bethe ansatz (the quantum inverse scattering method) permits us to construct new families of integrable Hamiltonians using simple generalizations of the well known constructions of the single-chain model. First we consider the easiest example ('basic' model) of this class of models: the antiferromagnetic two-chain spin-1/2 model with the nearest-neighbour and next-nearest-neighbour spin-frustrating interactions (zigzag chain). We show how the algebra of the quantum inverse scattering method works for this model, and what are the important features of the Hamiltonian (which reveal the topological properties of two dimensions together with the one-dimensional properties). We consider the solution of the Bethe ansatz for the ground state (in particular, commensurate-incommensurate quantum phase transitions present due to competing spin-frustrating interactions are discussed) and construct the thermal Bethe ansatz (in the form of the 'quantum transfer matrix') for this model. Then possible generalizations of the basic model are considered: an inclusion of a magnetic anisotropy, higher-spin representations (including the important case of a quantum ferrimagnet), the multi-chain case, internal degrees of freedom of particles at each site, etc. We observe the similarities and differences between this class of models and related exactly solvable models: other groups of multi-chain lattice models, quantum field theory models and magnetic impurity (Kondo-like) models. Finally, the behaviour of non-integrable (less constrained) multi-chain quantum models is discussed. (author)

  11. Loopy Belief Propagation, Bethe Free Energy and Graph Zeta Function

    CERN Document Server

    Watanabe, Yusuke

    2011-01-01

    We propose a new approach to the theoretical analysis of Loopy Belief Propagation (LBP) and the Bethe free energy (BFE) by establishing a formula to connect LBP and BFE with a graph zeta function. The proposed approach is applicable to a wide class of models including multinomial and Gaussian types. The connection derives a number of new theoretical results on LBP and BFE. This paper focuses two of such topics. One is the analysis of the region where the Hessian of the Bethe free energy is positive definite, which derives the non-convexity of BFE for graphs with multiple cycles, and a condition of convexity on a restricted set. This analysis also gives a new condition for the uniqueness of the LBP fixed point. The other result is to clarify the relation between the local stability of a fixed point of LBP and local minima of the BFE, which implies, for example, that a locally stable fixed point of the Gaussian LBP is a local minimum of the Gaussian Bethe free energy.

  12. GW and Bethe-Salpeter study of small water clusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blase, Xavier, E-mail: xavier.blase@neel.cnrs.fr; Boulanger, Paul [CNRS, Institut NEEL, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Bruneval, Fabien [CEA, DEN, Service de Recherches de Métallurgie Physique, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Fernandez-Serra, Marivi [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States); Institute for Advanced Computational Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States); Duchemin, Ivan [INAC, SP2M/L-Sim, CEA/UJF Cedex 09, 38054 Grenoble (France)

    2016-01-21

    We study within the GW and Bethe-Salpeter many-body perturbation theories the electronic and optical properties of small (H{sub 2}O){sub n} water clusters (n = 1-6). Comparison with high-level CCSD(T) Coupled-Cluster at the Single Double (Triple) levels and ADC(3) Green’s function third order algebraic diagrammatic construction calculations indicates that the standard non-self-consistent G{sub 0}W{sub 0}@PBE or G{sub 0}W{sub 0}@PBE0 approaches significantly underestimate the ionization energy by about 1.1 eV and 0.5 eV, respectively. Consequently, the related Bethe-Salpeter lowest optical excitations are found to be located much too low in energy when building transitions from a non-self-consistent G{sub 0}W{sub 0} description of the quasiparticle spectrum. Simple self-consistent schemes, with update of the eigenvalues only, are shown to provide a weak dependence on the Kohn-Sham starting point and a much better agreement with reference calculations. The present findings rationalize the theory to experiment possible discrepancies observed in previous G{sub 0}W{sub 0} and Bethe-Salpeter studies of bulk water. The increase of the optical gap with increasing cluster size is consistent with the evolution from gas to dense ice or water phases and results from an enhanced screening of the electron-hole interaction.

  13. Observing the San Andreas Fault at Depth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellsworth, W.; Hickman, S.; Zoback, M.; Davis, E.; Gee, L.; Huggins, R.; Krug, R.; Lippus, C.; Malin, P.; Neuhauser, D.; Paulsson, B.; Shalev, E.; Vajapeyam, B.; Weiland, C.; Zumberge, M.

    2005-12-01

    Extending 4 km into the Earth along a diagonal path that crosses the divide between Salinian basement accreted to the Pacific Plate and Cretaceous sediments of North America, the main hole at the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) was designed to provide a portal into the inner workings of a major plate boundary fault. The successful drilling and casing of the main hole in the summer of 2005 to a total vertical depth of 3.1 km make it possible to conduct spatially extensive and long-duration observations of active tectonic processes within the actively deforming core of the San Andreas Fault. In brief, the observatory consists of retrievable seismic, deformation and environmental sensors deployed inside the casing in both the main hole (maximum temperature 135 C) and the collocated pilot hole (1.1 km depth), and a fiber optic strainmeter installed behind casing in the main hole. By using retrievable systems deployed on either wire line or rigid tubing, each hole can be used for a wide range of scientific purposes, with instrumentation that takes maximum advantage of advances in sensor technology. To meet the scientific and technical challenges of building the observatory, borehole instrumentation systems developed for use in the petroleum industry and by the academic community in other deep research boreholes have been deployed in the SAFOD pilot hole and main hole over the past year. These systems included 15Hz omni-directional and 4.5 Hz gimbaled seismometers, micro-electro-mechanical accelerometers, tiltmeters, sigma-delta digitizers, and a fiber optic interferometeric strainmeter. A 1200-m-long, 3-component 80-level clamped seismic array was also operated in the main hole for 2 weeks of recording in May of 2005, collecting continuous seismic data at 4000 sps. Some of the observational highlights include capturing one of the M 2 SAFOD target repeating earthquakes in the near-field at a distance of 420 m, with accelerations of up to 200 cm/s and a

  14. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for Q-operators: the Heisenberg spin chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frassek, Rouven

    2015-07-01

    We diagonalize Q-operators for rational homogeneous {sl}(2)-invariant Heisenberg spin chains using the algebraic Bethe ansatz. After deriving the fundamental commutation relations relevant for this case from the Yang-Baxter equation we demonstrate that the Q-operators act diagonally on the Bethe vectors if the Bethe equations are satisfied. In this way we provide a direct proof that the eigenvalues of the Q-operators studied here are given by Baxter's Q-functions.

  15. Bethe Vectors of Quantum Integrable Models with GL(3 Trigonometric R-Matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Belliard

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available We study quantum integrable models with GL(3 trigonometric $R$-matrix and solvable by the nested algebraic Bethe ansatz.Using the presentation of the universal Bethe vectors in terms of projections of products of the currents of the quantum affine algebra $U_q(widehat{mathfrak{gl}}_3$ onto intersections of different types of Borel subalgebras, we prove that the set of the nested Bethe vectors is closed under the action of the elements of the monodromymatrix.

  16. Modified algebraic Bethe ansatz for XXZ chain on the segment - II - general cases

    CERN Document Server

    Belliard, Samuel

    2015-01-01

    The spectral problem of the Heisenberg XXZ spin-$\\frac{1}{2}$ chain on the segment is investigated within a modified algebraic Bethe ansatz framework. We consider in this work the most general boundaries allowed by integrability. The eigenvalues and the eigenvectors are obtained. They are characterised by a set of Bethe roots with cardinality equal to $N$, the length of the chain, and which satisfies a set of Bethe equations with an additional term.

  17. Bethe states for the two-site Bose-Hubbard model: a binomial approach

    CERN Document Server

    Santos, Gilberto; Foerster, Angela; Roditi, Itzhak

    2015-01-01

    We calculate explicitly the Bethe vectors states by the algebraic Bethe ansatz method with the $gl(2)$-invariant $R$-matrix for the two-site Bose-Hubbard model. Using a binomial expansion of the n-th power of a sum of two operators we get and solve a recursion equation. We calculate the scalar product and the norm of the Bethe vectors states. The form factors of the imbalance current operator are also computed.

  18. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX chain with triangular boundaries and Gaudin model

    CERN Document Server

    António, N Cirilo; Salom, I

    2014-01-01

    We implement fully the algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX Heisenberg spin chain in the case when both boundary matrices can be brought to the upper-triangular form. We define the Bethe vectors which yield the strikingly simple expression for the off shell action of the transfer matrix, deriving the spectrum and the corresponding Bethe equations. We explore further these results by obtaining the off shell action of the generating function of the Gaudin Hamiltonians on the Bethe vectors through the so-called quasi-classical limit.

  19. π- and K-meson Bethe-Salpeter amplitudes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Independent of assumptions about the form of the quark-quark scattering kernel K, we derive the explicit relation between the flavor-nonsinglet pseudoscalar-meson Bethe-Salpeter amplitude ΓH and the dressed-quark propagator in the chiral limit. In addition to a term proportional to γ5, ΓH necessarily contains qualitatively and quantitatively important terms proportional to γ5γ·P and γ5γ·kk·P, where P is the total momentum of the bound state. The axial-vector vertex contains a bound state pole described by ΓH, whose residue is the leptonic decay constant for the bound state. The pseudoscalar vertex also contains such a bound state pole and, in the chiral limit, the residue of this pole is related to the vacuum quark condensate. The axial-vector Ward-Takahashi identity relates these pole residues, with the Gell-Mann endash Oakes endash Renner relation a corollary of this identity. The dominant ultraviolet asymptotic behavior of the scalar functions in the meson Bethe-Salpeter amplitude is fully determined by the behavior of the chiral limit quark mass function, and is characteristic of the QCD renormalization group. The rainbow-ladder Ansatz for K, with a simple model for the dressed-quark-quark interaction, is used to illustrate and elucidate these general results. The model preserves the one-loop renormalization group structure of QCD. The numerical studies also provide a means of exploring procedures for solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation without a three-dimensional reduction. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society

  20. Integrability in three dimensions: Algebraic Bethe ansatz for anyonic models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khachatryan, Sh.; Ferraz, A.; Klümper, A.; Sedrakyan, A.

    2015-10-01

    We extend basic properties of two dimensional integrable models within the Algebraic Bethe Ansatz approach to 2 + 1 dimensions and formulate the sufficient conditions for the commutativity of transfer matrices of different spectral parameters, in analogy with Yang-Baxter or tetrahedron equations. The basic ingredient of our models is the R-matrix, which describes the scattering of a pair of particles over another pair of particles, the quark-anti-quark (meson) scattering on another quark-anti-quark state. We show that the Kitaev model belongs to this class of models and its R-matrix fulfills well-defined equations for integrability.

  1. Quantum $k$-core conduction on the Bethe lattice

    OpenAIRE

    Cao, L.; Schwarz, J. M.

    2010-01-01

    Classical and quantum conduction on a bond-diluted Bethe lattice is considered. The bond dilution is subject to the constraint that every occupied bond must have at least $k-1$ neighboring occupied bonds, i.e. $k$-core diluted. In the classical case, we find the onset of conduction for $k=2$ is continuous, while for $k=3$, the onset of conduction is discontinuous with the geometric random first-order phase transition driving the conduction transition. In the quantum case, treating each occupi...

  2. Tetraquark bound states in a Bethe-Salpeter approach

    OpenAIRE

    Heupel, Walter; Eichmann, Gernot; Fischer, Christian S.

    2012-01-01

    We determine the mass of tetraquark bound states from a coupled system of covariant Bethe-Salpeter equations. Similar in spirit to the quark-diquark model of the nucleon, we approximate the full four-body equation for the tetraquark by a coupled set of two-body equations with meson and diquark constituents. These are calculated from their quark and gluon substructure using a phenomenologically well-established quark-gluon interaction. For the lightest scalar tetraquark we find a mass of the o...

  3. Spectra of heavy mesons in the Bethe-Salpeter approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, Christian S.; Kubrak, Stanislav; Williams, Richard [Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Giessen (Germany)

    2015-01-01

    We present a calculation of the spectrum of charmonia, bottomonia and B{sub c}-meson states with ''ordinary'' and exotic quantum numbers. We discuss the merits and limitations of a rainbow-ladder truncation of Dyson-Schwinger and Bethe-Salpeter equations and explore the effects of different shapes of the effective running coupling on ground and excited states in channels with quantum numbers J ≤ 3. We furthermore discuss the status of the X(3872) as a potential (excited) quark-antiquark state and give predictions for the masses of charmonia and bottomonia in the tensor channels with J= 2, 3. (orig.)

  4. Physics over easy Breakfasts with Beth and physics

    CERN Document Server

    Azaroff, L V

    2010-01-01

    During a sequence of meals, the author relates the principal features of physics in easy-to-understand conversations with his wife Beth. Beginning with the studies of motion by Galileo and Newton through to the revolutionary theories of relativity and quantum mechanics in the 20th century, all important aspects of electricity, energy, magnetism, gravity and the structure of matter and atoms are explained and illustrated. The second edition similarly recounts the more recent application of these theories to nanoparticles, Bose-Einstein condensates, quantum entanglement and quantum computers. By

  5. Pressure exerted by a grafted polymer: Bethe lattice solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mynssem Brum, Rafael; Stilck, Jürgen F.

    2015-01-01

    We solve the problem of a chain, modeled as a self-avoiding walk (SAW), grafted to the wall limiting a semi-infinite Bethe lattice of arbitrary coordination number q. In particular, we determine the pressure exerted by the polymer on the wall, as a function of the distance to the grafting point. The pressure, in general, decays exponentially with the distance, at variance with what is found for SAWs and directed walks on regular lattices and gaussian walks. The adsorption transition, which is discontinuous, and its influence on the pressure are also studied.

  6. Bethe Ansatz Solutions of the Bose-Hubbard Dimer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon Links

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The Bose-Hubbard dimer Hamiltonian is a simple yet effective model for describing tunneling phenomena of Bose-Einstein condensates. One of the significant mathematical properties of the model is that it can be exactly solved by Bethe ansatz methods. Here we review the known exact solutions, highlighting the contributions of V.B. Kuznetsov to this field. Two of the exact solutions arise in the context of the Quantum Inverse Scattering Method, while the third solution uses a differential operator realisation of the su(2 Lie algebra.

  7. Integrability in three dimensions: Algebraic Bethe ansatz for anyonic models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sh. Khachatryan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available We extend basic properties of two dimensional integrable models within the Algebraic Bethe Ansatz approach to 2+1 dimensions and formulate the sufficient conditions for the commutativity of transfer matrices of different spectral parameters, in analogy with Yang–Baxter or tetrahedron equations. The basic ingredient of our models is the R-matrix, which describes the scattering of a pair of particles over another pair of particles, the quark-anti-quark (meson scattering on another quark-anti-quark state. We show that the Kitaev model belongs to this class of models and its R-matrix fulfills well-defined equations for integrability.

  8. Direct Bethe-Salpeter solutions in Minkowski space

    CERN Document Server

    Carbonell, J

    2016-01-01

    We review a method to directly solve the Bethe-Salpeter equation in Minkowski space, both for bound and scattering states. It is based on a proper treatment of the many singularities which appear in the kernel and propagators. The off-mass shell scattering amplitude for spinless particles interacting by a one boson exchange was computed for the first time. Using our Minkowski space solutions for the initial (bound) and final (scattering) states, we calculate elastic and transition (bound to scattering state) electromagnetic form factors. The conservation of the transition electromagnetic current J.q=0, verified numerically, confirms the validity of our solutions.

  9. Bethe-Salpeter equation for elastic nucleon-nucleon scattering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bethe-Salpeter equation for NN scattering with one-boson exchange is investigated for the case in which the pion-nucleon coupling is described by axial-vector theory. In contrast to the results with pseudoscalar coupling, good agreement with the experimental data can be obtained for all partial waves. Also, the deviations from the Blankenbecler-Sugar equation are not as large as they are for pseudoscalar coupling. In addition, cancellations between the direct and the crossed box graph with pseudoscalar πN coupling are investigated for the 3S1 phase shift in the framework of the variational operator Pade approximation

  10. Venemaa kaksipidine moslemipärand / Andreas Kappeler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kappeler, Andreas, 1943-

    2002-01-01

    Viini ülikooli Ida-Euroopa ajaloo instituudi direktori Andreas Kappeleri sõnul on Tshethseenia sõda sobivam võrrelda teiste dekoloniseerimisajastu suurte sõdadega, kui näha seda tsivilisatsioonide kokkupõrkena või terrorismivastase sõjana

  11. Au tööle / Andreas Trossek, Margus Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trossek, Andreas, 1980-

    2009-01-01

    Vastuseks Mari Laanemetsa ja Indrek Sirkli artiklike "Elu on läinud paremaks, elu on läinud lõbusamaks ...?" (Sirp, 2009, 31. 07, lk. 18-19) Eesti kunsti ja visuaalkultuuri ajakirja "Kunst.ee" 2009. aasta nr. 1-2 sisu ja kujunduse kohta. Ajakirja uus toimetus: Andreas Trossek - peatoimetaja, Heie Treier, Ave Randviir, kujundaja Margus Tamm

  12. Andreas Groll: fotografie pro moravskou šlechtu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Trnková, Petra

    -, č. 17 (2015), s. 109-117. ISSN 1214-5327 R&D Projects: GA MK(CZ) DF11P01OVV033 Keywords : Andreas Groll (1812-1872) * photography * history * 19th century * architecture * portrait Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  13. Correlation functions of the spin chains. Algebraic Bethe Ansatz approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spin chains are the basic elements of integrable quantum models. These models have direct applications in condense matter theory, in statistical physics, in quantum optics, in field theory and even in string theory but they are also important because they enable us to solve, in an exact manner, non-perturbative phenomena that otherwise would stay unresolved. The method described in this work is based on the algebraic Bethe Ansatz. It is shown how this method can be used for the computation of null temperature correlation functions of the Heisenberg 1/2 spin chain. The important point of this approach is the solution of the inverse quantum problem given by the XXZ spin chain. This solution as well as a simple formulae for the scalar product of the Bethe states, have enabled us to get the most basic correlation functions under the form of multiple integrals. The formalism of multiple integrals open the way for asymptotic analysis for a few physical quantities like the probability of vacuum formation. It is worth noticing that this formalism can give exact results for two-point functions that are the most important correlation functions for applications. A relationship has been discovered between these multiple integrals and the sum of the form factors. The results have been extended to dynamical correlation functions. (A.C.)

  14. Functional Bethe ansatz methods for the open XXX chain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the spectrum of the integrable open XXX Heisenberg spin chain subject to non-diagonal boundary magnetic fields. The spectral problem for this model can be formulated in terms of functional equations obtained by separation of variables or, equivalently, from the fusion of transfer matrices. For generic boundary conditions the eigenvalues cannot be obtained from the solution of finitely many algebraic Bethe equations. Based on careful finite size studies of the analytic properties of the underlying hierarchy of transfer matrices we devise two approaches to analyze the functional equations. First we introduce a truncation method leading to Bethe-type equations determining the energy spectrum of the spin chain. In a second approach, the hierarchy of functional equations is mapped to an infinite system of nonlinear integral equations of TBA type. The two schemes have complementary ranges of applicability and facilitate an efficient numerical analysis for a wide range of boundary parameters. Some data are presented on the finite-size corrections to the energy of the state which evolves into the antiferromagnetic ground state in the limit of parallel boundary fields.

  15. $\\pi$ and K-meson Bethe-Salpeter Amplitudes

    CERN Document Server

    Maris, P

    1997-01-01

    Independent of assumptions about the form of the quark-quark scattering kernel, K, we derive the explicit relation between the flavour-nonsinglet pseudoscalar meson Bethe-Salpeter amplitude, Gamma_H, and the dressed-quark propagator in the chiral limit. In addition to a term proportional to gamma_5, Gamma_H necessarily contains qualitatively and quantitatively important terms proportional to gamma_5 gamma.P and gamma_5 gamma.k k.P, where P is the total momentum of the bound state. The axial-vector vertex contains a bound state pole described by Gamma_H, whose residue is the leptonic decay constant for the bound state. The pseudoscalar vertex also contains such a bound state pole and, in the chiral limit, the residue of this pole is related to the vacuum quark condensate. The axial-vector Ward-Takahashi identity relates these pole residues; with the Gell-Mann--Oakes--Renner relation a corollary of this identity. The dominant ultraviolet asymptotic behaviour of the scalar functions in the meson Bethe-Salpeter a...

  16. Bethe ansatz for the Temperley–Lieb spin chain with integrable open boundaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we study the spectrum of the spin-1 Temperley–Lieb spin chain with integrable open boundary conditions. We obtain the eigenvalue expressions as well as its associated Bethe ansatz equations by means of the coordinate Bethe ansatz. These equations provide the complete description of the spectrum of the model. (paper)

  17. Bethe ansatz matrix elements as non-relativistic limits of form factors of quantum field theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Kormos; G. Mussardo; B. Pozsgay

    2010-01-01

    We show that the matrix elements of integrable models computed by the algebraic Bethe ansatz (BA) can be put in direct correspondence with the form factors of integrable relativistic field theories. This happens when the S-matrix of a Bethe ansatz model can be regarded as a suitable non-relativistic

  18. Bethe ansatz solution of the open XX spin chain with non-diagonal boundary terms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider the integrable open XX quantum spin chain with non-diagonal boundary terms. We derive an exact inversion identity, by which we obtain the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix and the Bethe ansatz equations. For generic values of the boundary parameters, the Bethe ansatz solution is formulated in terms of the Jacobian elliptic functions. (author)

  19. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the Temperley-Lieb spin-1 chain

    CERN Document Server

    Nepomechie, Rafael I

    2016-01-01

    We use the algebraic Bethe ansatz to obtain the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the spin-1 Temperley-Lieb open quantum chain with "free" boundary conditions. We exploit the associated reflection algebra in order to prove the off-shell equation satisfied by the Bethe vectors.

  20. Off-diagonal Bethe ansatz solution of the XXX spin-chain with arbitrary boundary conditions

    CERN Document Server

    Cao, Junpeng; Shi, Kangjie; Wang, Yupeng

    2013-01-01

    With the off-diagonal Bethe ansatz method proposed recently by the present authors, we exactly diagonalize the $XXX$ spin chain with arbitrary boundary fields. By constructing a functional relation between the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix and the quantum determinant, the associated $T-Q$ relation and the Bethe ansatz equations are derived.

  1. On the algebraic Bethe ansatz for the XXX spin chain: creation operators 'beyond the equator'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Considering the XXX spin-1/2 chain in the framework of the algebraic Bethe ansatz, we make the following short comment: the product of the creation operators corresponding to the recently found solution of the Bethe equations 'on the wrong side of the equator' is just zero (not only its action on the pseudovacuum). (author). Letter-to-the-editor

  2. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for scalar products in SU(3)-invariant integrable models

    CERN Document Server

    Belliard, S; Ragoucy, E; Slavnov, N A

    2012-01-01

    We study SU(3)-invariant integrable models solvable by nested algebraic Bethe ansatz. We obtain a determinant representation for particular case of scalar products of Bethe vectors. This representation can be used for the calculation of form factors and correlation functions of XXX SU(3)-invariant Heisenberg chain.

  3. Off-diagonal Bethe ansatz solution of the XXX spin chain with arbitrary boundary conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Employing the off-diagonal Bethe ansatz method proposed recently by the present authors, we exactly diagonalize the XXX spin chain with arbitrary boundary fields. By constructing a functional relation between the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix and the quantum determinant, the associated T–Q relation and the Bethe ansatz equations are derived

  4. Off-diagonal Bethe ansatz solution of the XXX spin chain with arbitrary boundary conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Junpeng; Yang, Wen-Li; Shi, Kangjie; Wang, Yupeng

    2013-10-01

    Employing the off-diagonal Bethe ansatz method proposed recently by the present authors, we exactly diagonalize the XXX spin chain with arbitrary boundary fields. By constructing a functional relation between the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix and the quantum determinant, the associated T-Q relation and the Bethe ansatz equations are derived.

  5. The Bethe Sum Rule and Basis Set Selection in the Calculation of Generalized Oscillator Strengths

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cabrera-Trujillo, Remigio; Sabin, John R.; Oddershede, Jens; Sauer, Stephan P. A.

    1999-01-01

    Fulfillment of the Bethe sum rule may be construed as a measure of basis set quality for atomic and molecular properties involving the generalized oscillator strength distribution. It is first shown that, in the case of a complete basis, the Bethe sum rule is fulfilled exactly in the random phase...

  6. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the gl(1|2) generalized model: II. the three gradings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The algebraic Bethe ansatz can be performed rather abstractly for whole classes of models sharing the same R-matrix, the only prerequisite being the existence of an appropriate pseudo vacuum state. Here we perform the algebraic Bethe ansatz for all models with 9 x 9, rational, gl(1|2) invariant R-matrix and all three possibilities of choosing the grading. Our Bethe ansatz solution applies, for instance, to the supersymmetric t-J model, the supersymmetric U model and a number of interesting impurity models. It may be extended to obtain the quantum transfer matrix spectrum for this class of models. The properties of a specific model enter the Bethe ansatz solution (i.e. the expression for the transfer matrix eigenvalue and the Bethe ansatz equations) through the three pseudo vacuum eigenvalues of the diagonal elements of the monodromy matrix which in this context are called the parameters of the model

  7. Light Pseudoscalar Mesons in Bethe-Salpeter Equation with Instantaneous Interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Lucha, Wolfgang

    2015-01-01

    The light pseudoscalar mesons play a twofold role: they may or have to be regarded both as low-lying bound states of the fundamental degrees of freedom of quantum chromodynamics as well as the (pseudo-) Goldstone bosons of the spontaneously broken chiral symmetries of quantum chromodynamics. We interrelate these aspects in a single quantum-field-theoretic approach relying on the Bethe-Salpeter formalism in instantaneous approximation by very simple means: the shape of the pseudoscalar-meson Bethe-Salpeter wave function dictated by chiral symmetry is used in Bethe-Salpeter equations for bound states of vanishing mass, in order to deduce analytically the interactions which govern the bound states under study. In this way, we obtain exact Bethe-Salpeter solutions for pseudoscalar mesons, in the sense of establishing the rigorous relationship between, on the one hand, the relevant interactions and, on the other hand, the Bethe-Salpeter amplitudes that characterize the bound states.

  8. Tetra quark bound states in a Bethe-Salpeter approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heupel, Walter; Eichmann, Gernot [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, D-35392 Giessen (Germany); Fischer, Christian S., E-mail: christian.fischer@theo.physik.uni-giessen.de [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, D-35392 Giessen (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Planckstr. 1, D-64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2012-12-05

    We determine the mass of tetraquark bound states from a coupled system of covariant Bethe-Salpeter equations. Similar in spirit to the quark-diquark model of the nucleon, we approximate the full four-body equation for the tetraquark by a coupled set of two-body equations with meson and diquark constituents. These are calculated from their quark and gluon substructure using a phenomenologically well-established quark-gluon interaction. For the lightest scalar tetraquark we find a mass of the order of 400 MeV and a wave function dominated by the pion-pion constituents. Both results are in agreement with a meson molecule picture for the f{sub 0}(600). Our results furthermore suggest the presence of a potentially narrow all-charm tetraquark in the mass region 5-6 GeV.

  9. Tetraquark bound states in a Bethe-Salpeter approach

    CERN Document Server

    Heupel, Walter; Fischer, Christian S

    2012-01-01

    We determine the mass of tetraquark bound states from a coupled system of covariant Bethe-Salpeter equations. Similar in spirit to the quark-diquark model of the nucleon, we approximate the full four-body equation for the tetraquark by a coupled set of two-body equations with meson and diquark constituents. These are calculated from their quark and gluon substructure using a phenomenologically well-established quark-gluon interaction. For the lightest scalar tetraquark we find a mass of the order of 400 MeV and a wave function dominated by the pion-pion constituents. Both results are in agreement with a meson molecule picture for the f_0(600). Our results furthermore suggest the presence of a potentially narrow all-charm tetraquark in the mass region 5-6 GeV.

  10. Tetraquark bound states in a Bethe-Salpeter approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heupel, Walter; Eichmann, Gernot; Fischer, Christian S.

    2012-12-01

    We determine the mass of tetraquark bound states from a coupled system of covariant Bethe-Salpeter equations. Similar in spirit to the quark-diquark model of the nucleon, we approximate the full four-body equation for the tetraquark by a coupled set of two-body equations with meson and diquark constituents. These are calculated from their quark and gluon substructure using a phenomenologically well-established quark-gluon interaction. For the lightest scalar tetraquark we find a mass of the order of 400 MeV and a wave function dominated by the pion-pion constituents. Both results are in agreement with a meson molecule picture for the f0 (600). Our results furthermore suggest the presence of a potentially narrow all-charm tetraquark in the mass region 5-6 GeV.

  11. A Weizsacker-Bethe type mass formula for hypernuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Theoretical estimates of hypernuclear binding energies are generally much larger than the empirical value and the disagreement is rather marked for the binding energy of sub(Λ)5He. Here we try to explain the so-called over-binding problem by way of introducing a Weizsacker-Bethe type mass formula used for ordinary nuclei. Using the most recent data on binding energies of hypernuclei, parameters of the hypernuclear mass formula are estimated by fitting a least-square curve as is the usual practice in nuclear physics. Theoretical predictions for hypernuclear binding energies are then made by using the formula as obtained above and results compared with experimental values. Agreement with experiment is found to be rather good and in particular the result obtained for sub(Λ)5He, although slightly larger than the observed value, has shown significant improvement over earlier estimates. (author)

  12. Bethe ansätze for GKP strings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Basso, Benjamin, E-mail: bbasso@perimeterinstitute.ca [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Rej, Adam, E-mail: arej@ias.edu [School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)

    2014-02-15

    Studying the scattering of excitations around a dynamical background has a long history in the context of integrable models. The Gubser–Klebanov–Polyakov string solution provides such a background for the string/gauge correspondence. Taking the conjectured all-loop asymptotic equations for the AdS{sub 4}/CFT{sub 3} correspondence as the starting point, we derive the S-matrix and a set of spectral equations for the lowest-lying excitations. We find that these equations resemble closely the analogous equations for AdS{sub 5}/CFT{sub 4}, which are also discussed in this paper. At large values of the coupling constant we show that they reproduce the Bethe equations proposed to describe the spectrum of the low-energy limit of the AdS{sub 4}×CP{sup 3} sigma model.

  13. Potts models with invisible states on general Bethe lattices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The number of so-called invisible states which need to be added to the q-state Potts model to transmute its phase transition from continuous to first order has attracted recent attention. In the q = 2 case, a Bragg–Williams (mean-field) approach necessitates four such invisible states while a 3-regular random graph formalism requires seventeen. In both of these cases, the changeover from second- to first-order behaviour induced by the invisible states is identified through the tricritical point of an equivalent Blume–Emery–Griffiths model. Here we investigate the generalized Potts model on a Bethe lattice with z neighbours. We show that, in the q = 2 case, invisible states are required to manifest the equivalent Blume–Emery–Griffiths tricriticality. When z = 3, the 3-regular random graph result is recovered, while z → ∞ delivers the Bragg–Williams (mean-field) result. (paper)

  14. Bethe-salpeter equation from many-body perturbation theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sander, Tobias; Starke, Ronald; Kresse, Georg [Computational Materials Physics, University of Vienna, Sensengasse 8/12, 1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2013-07-01

    The Green function formalism is a powerful tool to calculate not only electronic structure within the quasi-particle (QP) picture, but it also gives access to optical absorption spectra. Starting from QP energies within the GW method, the polarizability, as central quantity, is calculated from the solution of a Bethe-Salpeter-like equation (BSE). It is usually solved within the Tamm-Dancoff Approximation (TDA) which neglects the coupling of resonant (positive frequency branch) and anti-resonant (negative frequency branch) excitations. In this work we solve the full BSE (beyond TDA) based on self-consistently calculated QP orbitals and energies for typical systems. The dielectric function is averaged over many low dimensional shifted k-meshes to obtain k-point converged results. We compare the results to recently introduced approximation to the BSE kernel. Additionally, the time-evolution ansatz is employed to calculate the polarizability, which avoids the direct solution of the BSE.

  15. Bethe-salpeter equation from many-body perturbation theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Green function formalism is a powerful tool to calculate not only electronic structure within the quasi-particle (QP) picture, but it also gives access to optical absorption spectra. Starting from QP energies within the GW method, the polarizability, as central quantity, is calculated from the solution of a Bethe-Salpeter-like equation (BSE). It is usually solved within the Tamm-Dancoff Approximation (TDA) which neglects the coupling of resonant (positive frequency branch) and anti-resonant (negative frequency branch) excitations. In this work we solve the full BSE (beyond TDA) based on self-consistently calculated QP orbitals and energies for typical systems. The dielectric function is averaged over many low dimensional shifted k-meshes to obtain k-point converged results. We compare the results to recently introduced approximation to the BSE kernel. Additionally, the time-evolution ansatz is employed to calculate the polarizability, which avoids the direct solution of the BSE.

  16. Large and small density approximations to the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We provide analytical solutions to the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz equations in the large and small density approximations. We extend results previously obtained for leading order behaviour of the scaling function of affine Toda field theories related to simply laced Lie algebras to the non-simply laced case. The comparison with semi-classical methods shows perfect agreement for the simply laced case. We derive the Y-systems for affine Toda field theories with real coupling constant and employ them to improve the large density approximations. We test the quality of our analysis explicitly for the sinh-Gordon model and the (G2(1),D4(3)) -affine Toda field theory

  17. Self-avoiding walks on a bilayer Bethe lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose and study a model of polymer chains in a bilayer. Each chain is confined in one of the layers and polymer bonds on first neighbor edges in different layers interact. We also define and comment on results for a model with interactions between monomers on first neighbor sites of different layers. The thermodynamic properties of the model are studied in the grand-canonical formalism and both layers are considered to be Cayley trees. In the core region of the trees, which we call a bilayer Bethe lattice, we find a very rich phase diagram in the parameter space defined by the two activities of monomers and the Boltzmann factor associated with the interlayer interaction between bonds or monomers. In addition to critical and coexistence surfaces, there are tricritical, bicritical and critical endpoint lines, as well as higher order multicritical points. (paper)

  18. Self-avoiding walks on a bilayer Bethe lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serra, Pablo; Stilck, Jürgen F.

    2014-04-01

    We propose and study a model of polymer chains in a bilayer. Each chain is confined in one of the layers and polymer bonds on first neighbor edges in different layers interact. We also define and comment on results for a model with interactions between monomers on first neighbor sites of different layers. The thermodynamic properties of the model are studied in the grand-canonical formalism and both layers are considered to be Cayley trees. In the core region of the trees, which we call a bilayer Bethe lattice, we find a very rich phase diagram in the parameter space defined by the two activities of monomers and the Boltzmann factor associated with the interlayer interaction between bonds or monomers. In addition to critical and coexistence surfaces, there are tricritical, bicritical and critical endpoint lines, as well as higher order multicritical points.

  19. Tetra quark bound states in a Bethe-Salpeter approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We determine the mass of tetraquark bound states from a coupled system of covariant Bethe-Salpeter equations. Similar in spirit to the quark-diquark model of the nucleon, we approximate the full four-body equation for the tetraquark by a coupled set of two-body equations with meson and diquark constituents. These are calculated from their quark and gluon substructure using a phenomenologically well-established quark-gluon interaction. For the lightest scalar tetraquark we find a mass of the order of 400 MeV and a wave function dominated by the pion-pion constituents. Both results are in agreement with a meson molecule picture for the f0(600). Our results furthermore suggest the presence of a potentially narrow all-charm tetraquark in the mass region 5-6 GeV.

  20. Excited charmonium states from Bethe-Salpeter equation

    CERN Document Server

    Sauli, Vladimir

    2011-01-01

    We solve the Bethe-Salpeter equation for a system of a heavy quark-antiquark pair interacting with a screened linear confining potential. First we show the spinless QFT model is inadequate and fail to describe even gross feature of the quarkonia spectrum. In order to get reliable description the spine degrees of freedom has to be considered. Within the approximation employed we reasonably reproduce known radial excitation of vector charmonium. The BSE favors relatively large string breaking scale $\\mu\\simeq 350MeV$ . Using free charm quark propagators we observe that $J/\\Psi$ is the only charmonium left bellow naive quark-antiquark threshold $2m_c$, while the all excited states are situated above this threshold. Within the numerical method we overcome obstacles related with threshold singularity and discuss the consequences of the use of free propagators for calculation of excited states above the threshold.

  1. Twist-three at five loops, Bethe ansatz and wrapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beccaria, Matteo; Forini, Valentina; Łukowski, Tomasz; Zieme, Stefan

    2009-03-01

    We present a formula for the five-loop anomalous dimension of Script N = 4 SYM twist-three operators in the fraktur sfraktur l(2) sector. We obtain its asymptotic part from the Bethe Ansatz and finite volume corrections from the generalized Lüscher formalism, considering scattering processes of spin chain magnons with virtual particles that travel along the cylinder. The complete result respects the expected large spin scaling properties and passes non-trivial tests including reciprocity constraints. We analyze the pole structure and find agreement with a conjectured resummation formula. In analogy with the twist-two anomalous dimension at four-loops wrapping effects are of order (log2M/M2) for large values of the spin.

  2. Modified binary encounter Bethe model for electron-impact ionization

    CERN Document Server

    Guerra, M; Indelicato, P; Santos, J P

    2013-01-01

    Theoretical expressions for ionization cross sections by electron impact based on the binary encounter Bethe (BEB) model, valid from ionization threshold up to relativistic energies, are proposed. The new modified BEB (MBEB) and its relativistic counterpart (MRBEB) expressions are simpler than the BEB (nonrelativistic and relativistic) expressions because they require only one atomic parameter, namely the binding energy of the electrons to be ionized, and use only one scaling term for the ionization of all sub-shells. The new models are used to calculate the K-, L- and M-shell ionization cross sections by electron impact for several atoms with Z from 6 to 83. Comparisons with all, to the best of our knowledge, available experimental data show that this model is as good or better than other models, with less complexity.

  3. The North Sea Andrea storm and numerical simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bitner-Gregersen, E. M.; Fernandez, L.; Lefèvre, J. M.; Monbaliu, J.; Toffoli, A.

    2014-06-01

    A coupling of a spectral wave model with a nonlinear phase-resolving model is used to reconstruct the evolution of wave statistics during a storm crossing the North Sea on 8-9 November 2007. During this storm a rogue wave (named the Andrea wave) was recorded at the Ekofisk field. The wave has characteristics comparable to the well-known New Year wave measured by Statoil at the Draupner platform 1 January 1995. Hindcast data of the storm at the nearest grid point to the Ekofisk field are here applied as input to calculate the evolution of random realizations of the sea surface and its statistical properties. Numerical simulations are carried out using the Euler equations with a higher-order spectral method (HOSM). Results are compared with some characteristics of the Andrea wave record measured by the down-looking lasers at Ekofisk.

  4. Universal Bethe ansatz solution for the Temperley-Lieb spin chain

    CERN Document Server

    Nepomechie, Rafael I

    2016-01-01

    We consider the Temperley-Lieb (TL) open quantum spin chain with "free" boundary conditions associated with the spin-$s$ representation of quantum-deformed $sl(2)$. We construct the transfer matrix, and determine its eigenvalues and the corresponding Bethe equations using analytical Bethe ansatz. We show that the transfer matrix has quantum group symmetry, and we propose explicit formulas for the number of solutions of the Bethe equations and the degeneracies of the transfer-matrix eigenvalues. We propose an algebraic Bethe ansatz construction of the off-shell Bethe states, and we conjecture that the on-shell Bethe states are highest-weight states of the quantum group. We also propose a determinant formula for the scalar product between an off-shell Bethe state and its on-shell dual, as well as for the square of the norm. We find that all of these results, except for the degeneracies and a constant factor in the scalar product, are universal in the sense that they do not depend on the value of the spin. In an...

  5. Heisenberg XXX Model with General Boundaries: Eigenvectors from Algebraic Bethe Ansatz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Belliard

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We propose a generalization of the algebraic Bethe ansatz to obtain the eigenvectors of the Heisenberg spin chain with general boundaries associated to the eigenvalues and the Bethe equations found recently by Cao et al. The ansatz takes the usual form of a product of operators acting on a particular vector except that the number of operators is equal to the length of the chain. We prove this result for the chains with small length. We obtain also an off-shell equation (i.e. satisfied without the Bethe equations formally similar to the ones obtained in the periodic case or with diagonal boundaries.

  6. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the sl(2) Gaudin model with boundary

    CERN Document Server

    António, N Cirilo; Ragoucy, E; Salom, I

    2015-01-01

    Following Sklyanin's proposal in the periodic case, we derive the generating function of the Gaudin Hamiltonians with boundary terms. Our derivation is based on the quasi-classical expansion of the linear combination of the transfer matrix of the XXX Heisenberg spin chain and the central element, the so-called Sklyanin determinant. The corresponding Gaudin Hamiltonians with boundary terms are obtained as the residues of the generating function. By defining the appropriate Bethe vectors which yield strikingly simple off shell action of the generating function, we fully implement the algebraic Bethe ansatz, obtaining the spectrum of the generating function and the corresponding Bethe equations.

  7. Heisenberg XXX Model with General Boundaries: Eigenvectors from Algebraic Bethe Ansatz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belliard, Samuel; Crampé, Nicolas

    2013-11-01

    We propose a generalization of the algebraic Bethe ansatz to obtain the eigenvectors of the Heisenberg spin chain with general boundaries associated to the eigenvalues and the Bethe equations found recently by Cao et al. The ansatz takes the usual form of a product of operators acting on a particular vector except that the number of operators is equal to the length of the chain. We prove this result for the chains with small length. We obtain also an off-shell equation (i.e. satisfied without the Bethe equations) formally similar to the ones obtained in the periodic case or with diagonal boundaries.

  8. Heisenberg XXX model with general boundaries: Eigenvectors from Algebraic Bethe ansatz

    CERN Document Server

    Belliard, S

    2013-01-01

    We propose a generalization of the algebraic Bethe ansatz to obtain the eigenvectors of the Heisenberg spin chain with general boundaries associated to the eigenvalues and the Bethe equations found recently by Cao et al. The ansatz takes the usual form of a product of operators acting on a particular vector except that the number of operators is equal to the length of the chain. We prove this result for the chains with small length. We obtain also an off-shell equation (i.e. satisfied without the Bethe equations) formally similar to the ones obtained in the periodic case or with diagonal boundaries.

  9. Neutron and proton drip lines using the modified Bethe-Weizsacker mass formula

    CERN Document Server

    Basu, D N

    2003-01-01

    Proton and neutron separation energies have been calculated using the extended Bethe-Weizsacker mass formula. This modified Bethe-Weizsacker mass formula describes minutely the positions of all the old and the new magic numbers. It accounts for the disappearance of some traditional magic numbers for neutrons and provides extra stability for some new neutron numbers. The neutron and proton drip lines have been predicted using this extended Bethe-Weizsacker mass formula. The implications of the proton drip line on the astrophysical rp-process and of the neutron drip line on the astrophysical r-process have been discussed.

  10. Hofstadter problem on the honeycomb and triangular lattices: Bethe ansatz solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohmoto, M.; Sedrakyan, A.

    2006-06-01

    We consider Bloch electrons on the honeycomb lattice under a uniform magnetic field with 2πp/q flux per cell. It is shown that the problem factorizes to two triangular lattices. Treating magnetic translations as a Heisenberg-Weyl group and by the use of its irreducible representation on the space of theta functions, we find a nested set of Bethe equations, which determine the eigenstates and energy spectrum. The Bethe equations have simple form which allows us to consider them further in the limit p,q→∞ by the technique of thermodynamic Bethe ansatz and analyze the Hofstadter problem for the irrational flux.

  11. Two-body bound states ampersand the Bethe-Salpeter equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bethe-Salpeter formalism is used to study two-body bound states within a scalar theory: two scalar fields interacting via the exchange of a third massless scalar field. The Schwinger-Dyson equation is derived using functional and diagrammatic techniques, and the Bethe-Salpeter equation is obtained in an analogous way, showing it to be a two-particle generalization of the Schwinger-Dyson equation. The authors also present a numerical method for solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation without three-dimensional reduction. The ground and first excited state masses and wavefunctions are computed within the ladder approximation and space-like form factors are calculated

  12. Scattering solutions of Bethe-Salpeter equation in Minkowski and Euclidean spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Carbonell, J

    2016-01-01

    We shortly review different methods to obtain the scattering solutions of the Bethe-Salpeter equation in Minkowski space. We emphasize the possibility to obtain the zero energy observables in terms of the Euclidean scattering amplitude.

  13. Bethe algebra of Gaudin model, Calogero-Moser space and Cherednik algebra

    OpenAIRE

    Mukhin, E.; Tarasov, V.; Varchenko, A.

    2009-01-01

    We identify the Bethe algebra of the Gaudin model associated to gl(N) acting on a suitable representation with the center of the rational Cherednik algebra and with the algebra of regular functions on the Calogero-Moser space.

  14. Janus-Facedness of the Pion: Analytic Instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter Models

    CERN Document Server

    Lucha, Wolfgang

    2016-01-01

    Inversion enables the construction of interaction potentials underlying - under fortunate circumstances even analytic - instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter descriptions of all lightest pseudoscalar mesons as quark-antiquark bound states of Goldstone-boson nature.

  15. Bethe vectors for models based on the super-Yangian $Y(\\mathfrak{gl}(m|n))$

    CERN Document Server

    Pakuliak, S Z; Slavnov, N A

    2016-01-01

    We study Bethe vectors of integrable models based on the super-Yangian $Y(\\mathfrak{gl}(m|n))$. Starting from the super-trace formula, we exhibit recursion relations for these vectors in the case of $Y(\\mathfrak{gl}(2|1))$ and $Y(\\mathfrak{gl}(1|2))$. These recursion relations allow to get explicit expressions for the Bethe vectors. Using an antimorphism of the super-Yangian $Y(\\mathfrak{gl}(m|n))$, we also construct a super-trace formula for dual Bethe vectors, and, for $Y(\\mathfrak{gl}(2|1))$ and $Y(\\mathfrak{gl}(1|2))$ super-Yangians, show recursion relations for them. Again, the latter allow us to get explicit expressions for dual Bethe vectors.

  16. ANDREAE VESALII: THE BONES AND MUSCLES ANDREA VESALII: LOS HUESOS Y LOS MÚSCULOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Ayres de Vasconcellos

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The historical references are taken from Aristoteles (384-322 a C considered the father of Kinesiology, and Claudius Galenus from Pergamon (131-201, the first team doctor. Both men´s studies shared the same objective: functional-anatomic aspects related to the Locomotive System. Although there were several descriptive anatomic studies of bones and muscles, it was Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564, whom most significantly contributed to the development of a new methodology for the lectures of Anatomy, with the setting up of skeletons and dissection of bodies during his lessons. Objectives: the aim of this paper is study the description of bones and muscles from the Vesalius works. We search Vesalius´s publications, specially "De Humani Corporis Fabrica Liber Septem (1543. Results: Bones and muscles were studied by Vesalius in 1st and 2nd chapters of his Fabrica. He described: scapula; incus and malleus; pre-maxillar; mandible; hyoid; vertebrae; sphenoid; clavicle; bones of the carpus; sternum (with three bones; os vesalianum. The author defines the muscles shown in the Fabrica as "full of life" . These are contracted muscles, giving the presentation a anatomic-functional aspects, which is referred as an essential contribution payed by Vesalius. He described the muscles choanoides and the rectus of abdomen, and determined the action of tendons and muscles. It ´s evident the interest of Vesalius by bones and muscles. The artistic aspects were realized by Johann Stephan Kalkar which is able to show bones and muscles in action. We can conclude the importance of the findings of Vesalius to the modern Human Anatomy even though some of the descriptions and definitions have changed over timeRelatos históricos mencionan a Aristóteles (384-322 a C, padre de la Kinesiología y Claudio Galeno (131-201, 1. Médico de equipo como los primeros en dedicarse al estudio del Aparato Locomotor. Sin embargo, la descripción anatómica de los huesos y de los m

  17. A Numerical Study of Entanglement Entropy of the Heisenberg Model on a Bethe Cluster

    OpenAIRE

    Friedman, Barry; Levine, Greg

    2015-01-01

    Numerical evidence is presented for a nearest neighbor Heisenberg spin model on a Bethe cluster, that by bisecting the cluster, the generalized Renyi entropy scales as the number of sites in the cluster. This disagrees with spin wave calculations and a naive application of the area law but agrees with previous results for non interacting fermions on the Bethe cluster. It seems this scaling is not an artifact of non interacting particles. As a consequence, the area law in greater then one dime...

  18. Bethe ansatz solution of the $\\tau_2$-model with arbitrary boundary fields

    CERN Document Server

    Xu, Xiaotian; Yang, Tao; Cao, Junpeng; Yang, Wen-Li; Shi, Kangjie

    2016-01-01

    The quantum $\\tau_2$-model with generic site-dependent inhomogeneity and arbitrary boundary fields is studied via the off-diagonal Bethe Ansatz method. The eigenvalues of the corresponding transfer matrix are given in terms of an inhomogeneous T-Q relation, which is based on the operator product identities among the fused transfer matrices and the asymptotic behavior of the transfer matrices. Moreover, the associated Bethe Ansatz equations are also obtained.

  19. Spin-1/2 XYZ model revisit: General solutions via off-diagonal Bethe ansatz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cao, Junpeng [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China); Cui, Shuai [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Yang, Wen-Li, E-mail: wlyang@nwu.edu.cn [Institute of Modern Physics, Northwest University, Xian 710069 (China); Beijing Center for Mathematics and Information Interdisciplinary Sciences, Beijing 100048 (China); Shi, Kangjie [Institute of Modern Physics, Northwest University, Xian 710069 (China); Wang, Yupeng, E-mail: yupeng@iphy.ac.cn [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China)

    2014-09-15

    The spin-1/2 XYZ model with both periodic and anti-periodic boundary conditions is studied via the off-diagonal Bethe ansatz method. The exact spectra of the Hamiltonians and the Bethe ansatz equations are derived by constructing the inhomogeneous T–Q relations, which allow us to treat both the even N (the number of lattice sites) and odd N cases simultaneously in a unified approach.

  20. Quantum integrability and Bethe ansatz solution for interacting matter-radiation systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A unified integrable system, generating a new series of interacting matter-radiation models with interatomic coupling and different atomic frequencies, is constructed and exactly solved through an algebraic Bethe ansatz. Novel features in Rabi oscillation and vacuum Rabi splitting are shown on the example of an integrable two-atom Buck-Sukumar model with resolution of some important controversies in the Bethe ansatz solution including its possible degeneracy for such models. (letter to the editor)

  1. Explicit Solutions of the Bethe Ansatz Equations for Bloch Electrons in a Magnetic Field

    OpenAIRE

    Hatsugai, Yasuhiro; Kohmoto, Mahito; Wu, Yong-Shi

    1994-01-01

    For Bloch electrons in a magnetic field, explicit solutions are obtained at the center of the spectrum for the Bethe ansatz equations of Wiegmann and Zabrodin. When the magnetic flux per plaquette is 1 / Q with Q an odd integer, distribution of the roots of the Bethe ansatz equation is uniform except at two points on the unit circle in the complex plane. For the semiclassical limit Q→∞, the wave function is

  2. Bethe vectors of quantum integrable models based on Uq( gl-hat N)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study quantum Uq( gl-hat N) integrable models solvable by the nested algebraic Bethe ansatz. Different formulas are given for the right and left universal off-shell nested Bethe vectors. It is shown that these formulas can be related by certain morphisms of the positive Borel subalgebra in Uq( gl-hat N) into analogous subalgebra in Uq−1( gl-hat N). (paper)

  3. Agglomerative percolation on the Bethe lattice and the triangular cactus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Huiseung; Yook, Soon-Hyung; Kim, Yup

    2013-08-01

    Agglomerative percolation (AP) on the Bethe lattice and the triangular cactus is studied to establish the exact mean-field theory for AP. Using the self-consistent simulation method based on the exact self-consistent equations, the order parameter P∞ and the average cluster size S are measured. From the measured P∞ and S, the critical exponents βk and γk for k = 2 and 3 are evaluated. Here, βk and γk are the critical exponents for P∞ and S when the growth of clusters spontaneously breaks the Zk symmetry of the k-partite graph. The obtained values are β2 = 1.79(3), γ2 = 0.88(1), β3 = 1.35(5) and γ3 = 0.94(2). By comparing these exponents with those for ordinary percolation (β∞ = 1 and γ∞ = 1), we also find β∞ γ3 > γ2. These results quantitatively verify the conjecture that the AP model belongs to a new universality class if the Zk symmetry is broken spontaneously, and the new universality class depends on k.

  4. Agglomerative percolation on the Bethe lattice and the triangular cactus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agglomerative percolation (AP) on the Bethe lattice and the triangular cactus is studied to establish the exact mean-field theory for AP. Using the self-consistent simulation method based on the exact self-consistent equations, the order parameter P∞ and the average cluster size S are measured. From the measured P∞ and S, the critical exponents βk and γk for k = 2 and 3 are evaluated. Here, βk and γk are the critical exponents for P∞ and S when the growth of clusters spontaneously breaks the Zk symmetry of the k-partite graph. The obtained values are β2 = 1.79(3), γ2 = 0.88(1), β3 = 1.35(5) and γ3 = 0.94(2). By comparing these exponents with those for ordinary percolation (β∞ = 1 and γ∞ = 1), we also find β∞ 3 2 and γ∞ > γ3 > γ2. These results quantitatively verify the conjecture that the AP model belongs to a new universality class if the Zk symmetry is broken spontaneously, and the new universality class depends on k. (paper)

  5. Efficient implementation of core-excitation Bethe Salpeter equation calculations

    CERN Document Server

    Gilmore, K; Shirley, E L; Prendergast, D; Pemmaraju, C D; Kas, J J; Vila, F D; Rehr, J J

    2016-01-01

    We present an efficient implementation of the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) method for obtaining core-level spectra including x-ray absorption (XAS), x-ray emission (XES), and both resonant and non-resonant inelastic x-ray scattering spectra (N/RIXS). Calculations are based on density functional theory (DFT) electronic structures generated either by abinit or Quantumespresso, both plane-wave basis, pseudopotential codes. This electronic structure is improved through the inclusion of a GW self energy. The projector augmented wave technique is used to evaluate transition matrix elements between core-level and band states. Final two-particle scattering states are obtained with the NIST core-level BSE solver (NBSE). We have previously reported this implementation, which we refer to as ocean (Obtaining Core Excitations from Ab initio electronic structure and NBSE) [Phys. Rev. B 83, 115106 (2011)]. Here, we present additional efficiencies that enable us to evaluate spectra for systems ten times larger than previous...

  6. A systematic approach to sketch Bethe-Salpeter equation

    CERN Document Server

    Qin, Si-xue

    2016-01-01

    To study meson properties, one needs to solve the gap equation for the quark propagator and the Bethe-Salpeter (BS) equation for the meson wavefunction, self-consistently. The gluon propagator, the quark-gluon vertex, and the quark--anti-quark scattering kernel are key pieces to solve those equations. Predicted by lattice-QCD and Dyson-Schwinger analyses of QCD's gauge sector, gluons are non-perturbatively massive. In the matter sector, the modeled gluon propagator which can produce a veracious description of meson properties needs to possess a mass scale, accordingly. Solving the well-known longitudinal Ward-Green-Takahashi identities (WGTIs) and the less-known transverse counterparts together, one obtains a nontrivial solution which can shed light on the structure of the quark-gluon vertex. It is highlighted that the phenomenologically proposed anomalous chromomagnetic moment (ACM) vertex originates from the QCD Lagrangian symmetries and its strength is proportional to the magnitude of dynamical chiral symm...

  7. Deep permeability of the San Andreas Fault from San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) core samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, Carolyn A.; Lockner, David A.; Moore, Diane E.; Hickman, Stephen H.

    2014-01-01

    The San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) scientific borehole near Parkfield, California crosses two actively creeping shear zones at a depth of 2.7 km. Core samples retrieved from these active strands consist of a foliated, Mg-clay-rich gouge containing porphyroclasts of serpentinite and sedimentary rock. The adjacent damage zone and country rocks are comprised of variably deformed, fine-grained sandstones, siltstones, and mudstones. We conducted laboratory tests to measure the permeability of representative samples from each structural unit at effective confining pressures, Pe up to the maximum estimated in situ Pe of 120 MPa. Permeability values of intact samples adjacent to the creeping strands ranged from 10−18 to 10−21 m2 at Pe = 10 MPa and decreased with applied confining pressure to 10−20–10−22 m2 at 120 MPa. Values for intact foliated gouge samples (10−21–6 × 10−23 m2 over the same pressure range) were distinctly lower than those for the surrounding rocks due to their fine-grained, clay-rich character. Permeability of both intact and crushed-and-sieved foliated gouge measured during shearing at Pe ≥ 70 MPa ranged from 2 to 4 × 10−22 m2 in the direction perpendicular to shearing and was largely insensitive to shear displacement out to a maximum displacement of 10 mm. The weak, actively-deforming foliated gouge zones have ultra-low permeability, making the active strands of the San Andreas Fault effective barriers to cross-fault fluid flow. The low matrix permeability of the San Andreas Fault creeping zones and adjacent rock combined with observations of abundant fractures in the core over a range of scales suggests that fluid flow outside of the actively-deforming gouge zones is probably fracture dominated.

  8. Andreas Vesalius 500 years - A Renaissance that revolutionized cardiovascular knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evandro Tinoco Mesquita

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe history of medicine and cardiology is marked by some geniuses who dared in thinking, research, teaching and transmitting scientific knowledge, and the Italian Andreas Vesalius one of these brilliant masters. His main scientific work "De Humani Corporis Fabrica" is not only a landmark study of human anatomy but also an artistic work of high aesthetic quality published in 1543. In the year 2014 we celebrated 500 years since the birth of the brilliant professor of Padua University, who with his courage and sense of observation changed the understanding of cardiovascular anatomy and founded a school to date in innovative education and research of anatomy. By identifying "the anatomical errors" present in Galen's book and speech, he challenged the dogmas of the Catholic Church, the academic world and the doctors of his time. However, the accuracy of his findings and his innovative way to disseminate them among his students and colleagues was essential so that his contributions are considered by many the landmark of modern medicine. His death is still surrounded by mysteries having different hypotheses, but a certainty, suffered sanctions of the Catholic Church for the spread of their ideas. The cardiologists, cardiovascular surgeons, interventional cardiologists, electrophysiologists and cardiovascular imaginologists must know the legacy of genius Andreas Vesalius that changed the paradigm of human anatomy.

  9. Scalar products of Bethe vectors in models with $\\mathfrak{gl}(2|1)$ symmetry 1. Super-analog of Reshetikhin formula

    CERN Document Server

    Hutsalyuk, A; Pakuliak, S Z; Ragoucy, E; Slavnov, N A

    2016-01-01

    We study scalar products of Bethe vectors in integrable models solvable by nested algebraic Bethe ansatz and possessing $\\mathfrak{gl}(2|1)$ symmetry. Using explicit formulas of the monodromy matrix entries multiple actions onto Bethe vectors we obtain a representation for the scalar product in the most general case. This explicit representation appears to be a sum over partitions of the Bethe parameters. It can be used for the analysis of scalar products involving on-shell Bethe vectors. As a by-product, we obtain a determinant representation for the scalar products of generic Bethe vectors in integrable models with $\\mathfrak{gl}(1|1)$ symmetry.

  10. Construction of a coordinate Bethe ansatz for the asymmetric simple exclusion process with open boundaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The asymmetric simple exclusion process with open boundaries, which is a very simple model of out-of-equilibrium statistical physics, is known to be integrable. In particular, its spectrum can be described in terms of Bethe roots. The large deviation function of the current can be obtained as well by diagonalizing a modified transition matrix, which is still integrable: the spectrum of this new matrix can also be described in terms of Bethe roots for special values of the parameters. However, due to the algebraic framework used to write the Bethe equations in previous works, the nature of the excitations and the full structure of the eigenvectors remained unknown. This paper explains why the eigenvectors of the modified transition matrix are physically relevant, gives an explicit expression for the eigenvectors and applies it to the study of atypical currents. It also shows how the coordinate Bethe ansatz developed for the excitations leads to a simple derivation of the Bethe equations and of the validity conditions of this ansatz. All the results obtained by de Gier and Essler are recovered and the approach gives a physical interpretation of the exceptional points. The overlap of this approach with other tools such as the matrix ansatz is also discussed. The method that is presented here may be not specific to the asymmetric exclusion process and may be applied to other models with open boundaries to find similar exceptional points

  11. Use of the Bethe equation for inner-shell ionization by electron impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Cedric J.; Llovet, Xavier; Salvat, Francesc

    2016-05-01

    We analyzed calculated cross sections for K-, L-, and M-shell ionization by electron impact to determine the energy ranges over which these cross sections are consistent with the Bethe equation for inner-shell ionization. Our analysis was performed with K-shell ionization cross sections for 26 elements, with L-shell ionization cross sections for seven elements, L3-subshell ionization cross sections for Xe, and M-shell ionization cross sections for three elements. The validity (or otherwise) of the Bethe equation could be checked with Fano plots based on a linearized form of the Bethe equation. Our Fano plots, which display theoretical cross sections and available measured cross sections, reveal two linear regions as predicted by de Heer and Inokuti [in Electron Impact Ionization, edited by T. D. Märk and G. H. Dunn, (Springer-Verlag, Vienna, 1985), Chap. 7, pp. 232-276]. For each region, we made linear fits and determined values of the two element-specific Bethe parameters. We found systematic variations of these parameters with atomic number for both the low- and the high-energy linear regions of the Fano plots. We also determined the energy ranges over which the Bethe equation can be used.

  12. Topologically Twisted SUSY Gauge Theory, Gauge-Bethe Correspondence and Quantum Cohomology

    CERN Document Server

    Chung, Hee-Joong

    2016-01-01

    We calculate partition function and correlation functions in A-twisted 2d $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)$ theories and topologically twisted 3d $\\mathcal{N}=2$ theories containing adjoint chiral multiplet with particular choices of $R$-charges and the magnetic fluxes for flavor symmetries. According to Gauge-Bethe correspondence, they correspond to Heisenberg XXX and XXZ spin chain models. We identify the partition function as the inverse of the norm of the Bethe eigenstates. Correlation functions are identified as the coefficients of the expectation value of Baxter $Q$-operators. In addition, we consider correlation functions of 2d $\\mathcal{N}=(2,2)^*$ theory and their relation to equivariant quantum cohomology and equivariant integration of cotangent bundle of Grassmann manifolds. Also, we study the ring relations of supersymmetric Wilson loops in 3d $\\mathcal{N}=2^*$ theory and Bethe subalgebra of XXZ spin chain model.

  13. Algebraic and geometric properties of Bethe Ansatz eigenfunctions on a pentagonal magnetic ring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The exact solution of the eigenproblem of the Heisenberg Hamiltonian for the XXX model in the case of a magnetic ring with N=5 nodes is presented in a closed algebraic form. It is demonstrated that the eigenproblem itself is expressible within the extension of the prime field Q of rationals by the primitive fifth root of unity, whereas the associated Bethe parameters, i.e. pseudomomenta, phases of scattering, and spectral parameters, require some finite field extensions, such that the nonlinearity remains algebraic rather than transcendental. Classification of exact Bethe Ansatz eigenstates in terms of rigged string configurations is presented. -- Research Highlights: → The eigenproblem is expressed in a finite extension of the field Q. → The Galois symmetry gives rise to operators which reproduce the energy band structure. → Original Bethe parameters can be derived by the inverse BA problem. → String hypothesis, expected to work as N goes to infinity, is almost satisfied for N=5.

  14. Modified Bethe formula for low-energy electron stopping power without fitting parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose a modified Bethe formula for low-energy electron stopping power without fitting parameters for a wide range of elements and compounds. This formula maintains the generality of the Bethe formula and gives reasonable agreement in comparing the predicted stopping powers for 15 elements and 6 compounds with the experimental data and those calculated within dielectric theory including the exchange effect. Use of the stopping power obtained from this formula for hydrogen silsesquioxane in Monte Carlo simulation gives the energy deposition distribution in consistent with the experimental data. - Highlights: • We propose a modified Bethe formula for low-energy electron stopping power without fitting parameters. • Our formula is found based on the stopping power calculated by the dielectric theory including the exchange effect. • We calculate the energy deposition distribution of 3 keV electrons in 15 nm HSQ resist layer on Si substrate

  15. Modeling dynamical electron scattering with Bethe potentials and the scattering matrix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, A; De Graef, M

    2016-01-01

    Bethe potentials were introduced by Bethe in 1928 as a first order perturbation approach to reducing the number of diffracted beams in dynamical electron scattering problems. The approach starts from the Bloch wave representation, and uses a threshold criterion to split the diffracted beams into two subsets, namely strong and weak beams. Since the use of Bloch wave based Bethe potentials for defect simulations is somewhat tedious, this paper applies the perturbation approach to the scattering matrix formalism, which is more readily adaptable for defect image simulations. The size of the dynamical matrix, and hence the computation time, can be reduced significantly. A threshold criterion for the separation of scattered beams into strong and weak sets is introduced. A general guideline in setting the threshold for strong or weak beam selection is discussed along with several parameters that may influence the threshold values, such as atomic number, accelerating voltage, structure complexity, incident beam tilt and temperature. PMID:26433091

  16. The Barkas-Effect Correction to Bethe-Bloch Stopping Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, L. E.

    A brief history of the discovery of the Barkas-effect correction to the Bethe-Bloch stopping power formula is presented, followed by a recounting of the initial theoretical calculations prepared as a quantitative explanation. A current version of the modified Bethe-Bloch formula is described in detail. An overview of the current capability to assess the validity of several existing formalisms for calculating the Barkas-effect correction term is provided, in the course of which discussion of numerous sources of uncertainty ensues. Finally, an opinion on the significance of this departure from Bethe-Bloch theory is offered, along with a presentation of a few recent developments and of some areas for focus in future exploration in the field of the stopping power of matter for charged particles.

  17. Bethe Ansatz and exact form factors of the O(N) Gross Neveu-model

    CERN Document Server

    Babujian, Hrachya M; Karowski, Michael

    2015-01-01

    We apply the algebraic nested O(N) Bethe Ansatz to construct a general form factor formula for the O(N) Gross-Neveu model. We examine this formula for several operators, such as the energy momentum, the spin-field and the current. We also compare these results with the 1/N expansion of this model and obtain full agreement. We discuss bound state form factors, in particular for the three particle form factor of the field. In addition for the two particle case we prove a recursion relation for the K-functions of the higher level Bethe Ansatz.

  18. Bethe Ansatz and exact form factors of the O ( N) Gross Neveu-model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babujian, Hrachya M.; Foerster, Angela; Karowski, Michael

    2016-02-01

    We apply previous results on the O ( N) Bethe Ansatz [1-3] to construct a general form factor formula for the O ( N) Gross-Neveu model. We examine this formula for several operators, such as the energy momentum, the spin-field and the current. We also compare these results with the 1 /N expansion of this model and obtain full agreement. We discuss bound state form factors, in particular for the three particle form factor of the field. In addition for the two particle case we prove a recursion relation for the K-functions of the higher level Bethe Ansatz.

  19. Bethe Ansatz Matrix Elements as Non-Relativistic Limits of Form Factors of Quantum Field Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Kormos, M.; Mussardo, G.; Pozsgay, B.

    2010-01-01

    We show that the matrix elements of integrable models computed by the Algebraic Bethe Ansatz can be put in direct correspondence with the Form Factors of integrable relativistic field theories. This happens when the S-matrix of a Bethe Ansatz model can be regarded as a suitable non-relativistic limit of the S-matrix of a field theory, and when there is a well-defined mapping between the Hilbert spaces and operators of the two theories. This correspondence provides an efficient method to compu...

  20. Internal parity symmetry and degeneracy of Bethe Ansatz strings in the isotropic heptagonal magnetic ring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milewski, J., E-mail: jsmilew@wp.pl [Institute of Mathematics, Poznań University of Technology, Piotrowo 3A, 60-965 Poznań (Poland); Lulek, B., E-mail: barlulek@amu.edu.pl [East European State Higher School, ul. Tymona Terleckiego 6, 37-700 Przemyśl (Poland); Lulek, T., E-mail: tadlulek@prz.edu.pl [Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 85, 61-614 Poznań (Poland); East European State Higher School, ul. Tymona Terleckiego 6, 37-700 Przemyśl (Poland); Łabuz, M., E-mail: labuz@univ.rzeszow.pl [University of Rzeszow, Institute of Physics, Rejtana 16a, 35-959 Rzeszów (Poland); Stagraczyński, R., E-mail: rstag@prz.edu.pl [Rzeszow University of Technology, The Faculty of Mathematics and Applied Physics, Powstańców Warszawy 6, 35-959 Rzeszów (Poland)

    2014-02-01

    The exact Bethe eigenfunctions for the heptagonal ring within the isotropic XXX model exhibit a doubly degenerated energy level in the three-deviation sector at the centre of the Brillouin zone. We demonstrate an explicit construction of these eigenfunctions by use of algebraic Bethe Ansatz, and point out a relation of degeneracy to parity conservation, applied to the configuration of strings for these eigenfunctions. Namely, the internal structure of the eigenfunctions (the 2-string and the 1-string, with opposite quasimomenta) admits generation of two mutually orthogonal eigenfunctions due to the fact that the strings which differ by their length are distinguishable objects.

  1. Bethe ansatz for the XXX-S chain with non-diagonal open boundaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider the algebraic Bethe ansatz solution of the integrable and isotropic XXX-S Heisenberg chain with non-diagonal open boundaries. We show that the corresponding K-matrices are similar to diagonal matrices with the help of suitable transformations independent of the spectral parameter. When the boundary parameters satisfy certain constraints we are able to formulate the diagonalization of the associated double-row transfer matrix by means of the quantum inverse scattering method. This allows us to derive explicit expressions for the eigenvalues and the corresponding Bethe ansatz equations. We also present evidences that the eigenvectors can be build up in terms of multiparticle states for arbitrary S

  2. Hofstadter Problem on the Honeycomb and Triangular Lattices: Bethe Ansatz Solution

    OpenAIRE

    Kohmoto, M.; Sedrakyan, A.

    2006-01-01

    We consider Bloch electrons on the honeycomb lattice under a uniform magnetic field with $2 \\pi p/q$ flux per cell. It is shown that the problem factorizes to two triangular lattices. Treating magnetic translations as Heisenberg-Weyl group and by the use of its irreducible representation on the space of theta functions, we find a nested set of Bethe equations, which determine the eigenstates and energy spectrum. The Bethe equations have simple form which allows to consider them further in the...

  3. Uudised : Juuksur - uus live-muusika lokaal. Madonna tögas Bushi. Andrea Bocelli Helsingis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Kontserdil 19. mail Tallinnas (Vaimu 1) õhtulokaali "Juuksur" avamisel esineb jazzrokki viljelev ansambel Wrupk Urei ja 26. mail Allan Vainola sooloprojektiga. Ameerika poplauljast Madonnast. Itaalia tenori Andrea Bocelli kontserdist 19. nov. Hartwall Arenal Helsingis

  4. ANDELA - operating parameters database for validation of the ANDREA code. Technical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Operating data from the Temelin NPP are used as input for validation of the ANDREA neutron physics code and related nuclear data libraries. The auxiliary ANDELA code contains a relational database which stores operating data in the form of condensed histories and makes possible their import directly from the data files supplied by the NPP operator, creation of input files for ANDREA for specific operating cycles, and export of tables of controlled parameters for easy comparison between calculations and observations. (P.A.)

  5. Hadronic Observables from Dyson-Schwinger and Bethe-Salpeter equations

    CERN Document Server

    Sanchis-Alepuz, Helios

    2015-01-01

    In these proceedings we present a mini-review on the topic of the Dyson-Schwinger/Bethe-Salpeter approach to the study of relativistic bound-states in physics. In particular, we present a self-contained discussion of their derivation, as well as their truncation such that important symmetries are maintained.

  6. Normalization and perturbation theory for tightly bound states of the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.G. Suttorp

    1976-01-01

    The normalisation integrals for the tightly-bound-state solutions of the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation that have been derived recently are evaluated. Ghost states are found to appear when the continuous parameters characterising the type of fermion-boson interaction reach a critical value. Perturba

  7. Exact solutions of the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation for tightly bound states

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.G. Suttorp

    1975-01-01

    Exact solutions are obtained for the spinor Bethe-Salpeter equation that describes tightly bound states of spin-/sup 1///sub 2/ fermions with massless-boson exchange. The corresponding coupling constants form a discrete spectrum that depends continuously on the parameters characterizing the type of

  8. Non-regular eigenstate of the XXX model as some limit of the Bethe state

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the one-dimensional XXX model under the periodic boundary conditions, we discuss two types of eigenvectors, regular eigenvectors which have finite-valued rapidities satisfying the Bethe ansatz equations and non-regular eigenvectors which are descendants of some regular eigenvectors under the action of the SU(2) spin-lowering operator. It has been pointed out by many authors that the non-regular eigenvectors should correspond to the Bethe ansatz wavefunctions which have multiple infinite rapidities. However, it has not been explicitly shown whether such a delicate limiting procedure is possible. In this paper, we discuss it explicitly at the level of wavefunctions: we prove that any non-regular eigenvector of the XXX model is derived from the Bethe ansatz wavefunctions through some limit of infinite rapidities. We formulate the regularization also in terms of the algebraic Bethe ansatz method. As an application of infinite rapidity, we discuss the period of the spectral flow under the twisted periodic boundary conditions. (author)

  9. Calculation of Spin Observables for Proton-Neutron Elastic Scattering in the Bethe-Salpeter Equation

    CERN Document Server

    Kinpara, Susumu

    2016-01-01

    Bethe-Salpeter equation is applied to $p$-$n$ elastic scattering. The spin observables are calculated by the M matrix similar to $p$-$p$ case. The parameters of the meson-exchange model are used with the cut-off for the pion exchange interaction. Change of the M matrix indicates breaking of the charge independence in the nucleon-nucleon system.

  10. Quantum Group and Magnetic Translations. Bethe-Ansatz Solution for Bloch Electrons in a Magnetic Field

    OpenAIRE

    Wiegmann, P. B.; Zabrodin, A. V.

    1993-01-01

    We present a new approach to the problem of Bloch electrons in magnetic field,\\\\ by making explicit a natural relation between magnetic translations and the\\\\quantum group $U_{q}(sl_2)$. The approach allows to express the spectrum and\\\\\\ the Bloch function as solutions of the Bethe-Ansatz equations typical for com\\\\pletely integrable quantum systems

  11. Bloch Walls and Macroscopic String States in Bethe's Solution of the Heisenberg Ferromagnetic Linear Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhar, Abhishek; Sriram Shastry, B.

    2000-09-01

    We present a calculation of the lowest excited states of the Heisenberg ferromagnet in 1D for any wave vector. These turn out to be string solutions of Bethe's equations with a macroscopic number of particles in them. They are identified as generalized quantum Bloch wall states, and a simple physical picture is provided for the same.

  12. Bloch Walls and Macroscopic String States in Bethe's solution of the Heisenberg Ferromagnetic Linear Chain

    OpenAIRE

    Dhar, Abhishek; Shastry, B. Sriram

    2000-01-01

    We present a calculation of the lowest excited states of the Heisenberg ferromagnet in 1-d for any wave vector. These turn out to be string solutions of Bethe's equations with a macroscopic number of particles in them. These are identified as generalized quantum Bloch wall states, and a simple physical picture provided for the same.

  13. Born-Hartree-Bethe approximation in the theory of inelastic electron scattering on atoms and molecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Born-Hartree-Bethe approximation for the calculation of total (elastic + inelastic) integral cross section for high-energy electron-atom and electron-molecule scattering containing no free parameter is formulated. Corresponding results are obtained for He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, H2 and N2 and compared with experimental data.

  14. Stochastic integration of the Bethe-Salpeter equation for two bound fermions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A non-perturbative method using a Monte Carlo algorithm is used to integrate the Bethe-Salpeter equation in momentum space. Solutions for two scalars and two fermions with an arbitrary coupling constant are calculated for bound states in the ladder approximation. The results are compared with other numerical methods. (Author) (13 refs., 2 figs.)

  15. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the quantum group invariant open XXZ chain at roots of unity

    CERN Document Server

    Gainutdinov, Azat M

    2016-01-01

    For generic values of q, all the eigenvectors of the transfer matrix of the U_q sl(2)-invariant open spin-1/2 XXZ chain with finite length N can be constructed using the algebraic Bethe ansatz (ABA) formalism of Sklyanin. However, when q is a root of unity (q=exp(i pi/p) with integer p>1), the Bethe equations acquire continuous solutions, and the transfer matrix develops Jordan cells. Hence, there appear eigenvectors of two new types: eigenvectors corresponding to continuous solutions (exact complete p-strings), and generalized eigenvectors. We propose general ABA constructions for these two new types of eigenvectors. We present many explicit examples, and we construct complete sets of (generalized) eigenvectors for various values of p and N.

  16. Analysis of the Bethe-ansatz equations of the chiral-invariant Gross-Neveu model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bethe-ansatz equations of the chiral-invariant Gross-Neveu model are reduced to a simple form in which the parameters of the vacuum solution have been eliminated. The resulting system of equations involves only the rapidities of physical particles and a minimal set of complex parameters needed to distinguish the various internal symmetry states of these particles. The analysis is performed without invoking the time-honored assumption that the solutions of the Bethe-ansatz equations, in the infinite-volume limit, are comprised entirely of strings ('bound states'). Surprisingly, it is found that the correct description of the n-particle states involves no strings of length greater than two (except for special values of the momenta). (orig.)

  17. G/G gauged WZW model and Bethe Ansatz for the phase model

    CERN Document Server

    Okuda, Satoshi

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the G/G gauged Wess-Zumino-Witten model on a Riemann surface from the point of view of the algebraic Bethe Ansatz for the phase model. After localization procedure is applied to the G/G gauged Wess-Zumino-Witten model, the diagonal components for group elements satisfy Bethe Ansatz equations for the phase model. We show that the partition function of the G/G gauged Wess-Zumino-Witten model is identified as the summation of norms with respect to all the eigenstates of the Hamiltonian with the fixed number of particles in the phase model. We also consider relations between the Chern-Simons theory on $S^1\\times\\Sigma_h$ and the phase model.

  18. Accuracy of the Bethe approximation for hyperparameter estimation in probabilistic image processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigate the accuracy of statistical-mechanical approximations for the estimation of hyperparameters from observable data in probabilistic image processing, which is based on Bayesian statistics and maximum likelihood estimation. Hyperparameters in statistical science correspond to interactions or external fields in the statistical-mechanics context. In this paper, hyperparameters in the probabilistic model are determined so as to maximize a marginal likelihood. A practical algorithm is described for grey-level image restoration based on a Gaussian graphical model and the Bethe approximation. The algorithm corresponds to loopy belief propagation in artificial intelligence. We examine the accuracy of hyperparameter estimation when we use the Bethe approximation. It is well known that a practical algorithm for probabilistic image processing can be prescribed analytically when a Gaussian graphical model is adopted as a prior probabilistic model in Bayes' formula. We are therefore able to compare, in a numerical study, results obtained through mean-field-type approximations with those based on exact calculation

  19. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the quantum group invariant open XXZ chain at roots of unity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azat M. Gainutdinov

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available For generic values of q, all the eigenvectors of the transfer matrix of the Uqsl(2-invariant open spin-1/2 XXZ chain with finite length N can be constructed using the algebraic Bethe ansatz (ABA formalism of Sklyanin. However, when q is a root of unity (q=eiπ/p with integer p≥2, the Bethe equations acquire continuous solutions, and the transfer matrix develops Jordan cells. Hence, there appear eigenvectors of two new types: eigenvectors corresponding to continuous solutions (exact complete p-strings, and generalized eigenvectors. We propose general ABA constructions for these two new types of eigenvectors. We present many explicit examples, and we construct complete sets of (generalized eigenvectors for various values of p and N.

  20. A new integral representation for the scalar products of Bethe states for the XXX spin chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazama, Yoichi; Komatsu, Shota; Nishimura, Takuya

    2013-09-01

    Based on the method of separation of variables due to Sklyanin, we construct a new integral representation for the scalar products of the Bethe states for the SU(2) XXX spin 1/2 chain obeying the periodic boundary condition. Due to the compactness of the symmetry group, a twist matrix must be introduced at the boundary in order to extract the separated variables properly. Then by deriving the integration measure and the spectrum of the separated variables, we express the inner product of an on-shell and an off-shell Bethe states in terms of a multiple contour integral involving a product of Baxter wave functions. Its form is reminiscent of the integral over the eigenvalues of a matrix model and is expected to be useful in studying the semi-classical limit of the product.

  1. A new integral representation for the scalar products of Bethe states for the XXX spin chain

    CERN Document Server

    Kazama, Yoichi; Nishimura, Takuya

    2013-01-01

    Based on the method of separation of variables due to Sklyanin, we construct a new integral representation for the scalar products of the Bethe states for the SU(2) XXX spin 1/2 chain obeying the periodic boundary condition. Due to the compactness of the symmetry group, a twist matrix must be introduced at the boundary in order to extract the separated variables properly. Then by deriving the integration measure and the spectrum of the separated variables, we express the inner product of an on-shell and an off-shell Bethe states in terms of a multiple contour integral involving a product of Baxter wave functions. Its form is reminiscent of the integral over the eigenvalues of a matrix model and is expected to be useful in studying the semi-classical limit of the product.

  2. Solving the inhomogeneous Bethe-Salpeter Equation in Minkowski space: the zero-energy limit

    CERN Document Server

    Frederico, T; Viviani, M

    2015-01-01

    For the first time, the inhomogeneous Bethe-Salpeter Equation for an interacting system, composed by two massive scalars exchanging a massive scalar, is numerically investigated in ladder approximation, directly in Minkowski space, by using an approach based on the Nakanishi integral representation. In this paper, the limiting case of zero-energy states is considered, extending the approach successfully applied to bound states presented in Phys. Rev. D 89, (2014) 016010, where the Nakanishi integral representation has been exploited for solving the homogeneous Bethe-Salpeter Equation. The numerical values of scattering lengths, evaluated by using two different integral equations that stem within the Nakanishi framework, are compared with the analogous quantities recently obtained, within a totally different framework. Moreover, relevant functions, like the Nakanishi weight functions and the distorted part of the zero-energy Light-front wave functions are also presented. Interestingly, a highly non trivial iss...

  3. ODE/IM correspondence and Bethe ansatz for affine Toda field equations

    CERN Document Server

    Ito, Katsushi

    2015-01-01

    We study the linear problem associated with modified affine Toda field equation for the Langlands dual $\\hat{\\mathfrak{g}}^\\vee$, where $\\hat{\\mathfrak{g}}$ is an untwisted affine Lie algebra. The connection coefficients for the asymptotic solutions of the linear problem correspond to the Q-functions for $\\mathfrak{g}$-type quantum integrable models. The $\\psi$-system for the solutions associated with the fundamental representations of $\\mathfrak{g}$ leads to Bethe ansatz equations associated with the affine Lie algebra $\\hat{\\mathfrak{g}}$. We also study the $A^{(2)}_{2r}$ affine Toda field equation in massless limit in detail and find its Bethe ansatz equations as well as T-Q relations.

  4. Bethe ansatz solvability and supersymmetry of the M2 model of single fermions and pairs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A detailed study of a model for strongly-interacting fermions with exclusion rules and lattice N=2 supersymmetry is presented. A submanifold in the space of parameters of the model where it is Bethe-ansatz solvable is identified. The relation between this manifold and the existence of additional, so-called dynamic, supersymmetries is discussed. The ground states are analysed with the help of cohomology techniques, and their exact finite-size Bethe roots are found. Moreover, through analytical and numerical studies it is argued that the model provides a lattice version of the N=1 super-sine-Gordon model at a particular coupling where an additional N=(2,2) supersymmetry is present. The dynamic supersymmetry is shown to allow an exact determination of the gap scaling function of the model. (paper)

  5. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the quantum group invariant open XXZ chain at roots of unity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gainutdinov, Azat M.; Nepomechie, Rafael I.

    2016-08-01

    For generic values of q, all the eigenvectors of the transfer matrix of the Uq sl (2)-invariant open spin-1/2 XXZ chain with finite length N can be constructed using the algebraic Bethe ansatz (ABA) formalism of Sklyanin. However, when q is a root of unity (q =e iπ / p with integer p ≥ 2), the Bethe equations acquire continuous solutions, and the transfer matrix develops Jordan cells. Hence, there appear eigenvectors of two new types: eigenvectors corresponding to continuous solutions (exact complete p-strings), and generalized eigenvectors. We propose general ABA constructions for these two new types of eigenvectors. We present many explicit examples, and we construct complete sets of (generalized) eigenvectors for various values of p and N.

  6. Calculation of the relativistic Bethe logarithm in the two-center problem

    CERN Document Server

    Korobov, Vladimir I; Karr, Jean-Philippe

    2013-01-01

    We present a variational approach to evaluate relativistic corrections of order \\alpha^2 to the Bethe logarithm for the ground electronic state of the Coulomb two center problem. That allows to estimate the radiative contribution at m\\alpha^7 order in molecular-like three-body systems such as hydrogen molecular ions H_2^+ and HD^+, or antiprotonic helium atoms. While we get 10 significant digits for the nonrelativistic Bethe logarithm, calculation of the relativistic corrections is much more involved especially for small values of bond length R. We were able to achieve a level of 3-4 significant digits starting from R=0.2 bohr, that will allow to reach 10^{-10} relative uncertainty on transition frequencies.

  7. ODE/IM correspondence and Bethe ansatz for affine Toda field equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katsushi Ito

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We study the linear problem associated with modified affine Toda field equation for the Langlands dual gˆ∨, where gˆ is an untwisted affine Lie algebra. The connection coefficients for the asymptotic solutions of the linear problem are found to correspond to the Q-functions for g-type quantum integrable models. The ψ-system for the solutions associated with the fundamental representations of g leads to Bethe ansatz equations associated with the affine Lie algebra gˆ. We also study the A2r(2 affine Toda field equation in massless limit in detail and find its Bethe ansatz equations as well as T–Q relations.

  8. The scalar products and the norm of Bethe eigenstates for the boundary XXX Heisenberg spin-1/2 finite chain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the XXX Heisenberg spin-1/2 finite chain with integrable open boundary, the scalar products and the norm of Bethe eigenstates are computed directly in the F-basis. The results are represented as determinants of usual functions of the parameters of the model. The Gaudin formula for the square of the norm of the Bethe wave functions is proved for the case of integrable open boundary condition

  9. Correction to “Constraints on the stress state of the San Andreas Fault with analysis based on core and cuttings from San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) drilling phases 1 and 2”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tembe, Sheryl; Lockner, David; Wong, Teng-Fong

    2010-01-01

    This article corrects: Constraints on the stress state of the San Andreas Fault with analysis based on core and cuttings from San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) drilling phases 1 and 2. Vol. 114, Issue B11, Article first published online: 5 NOV 2009.

  10. Correlation functions of the spin chains. Algebraic Bethe Ansatz approach; Fonctions de correlation des chaines de spin. Approche de l'ansatz de Bethe algebrique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitanine, N

    2007-09-15

    Spin chains are the basic elements of integrable quantum models. These models have direct applications in condense matter theory, in statistical physics, in quantum optics, in field theory and even in string theory but they are also important because they enable us to solve, in an exact manner, non-perturbative phenomena that otherwise would stay unresolved. The method described in this work is based on the algebraic Bethe Ansatz. It is shown how this method can be used for the computation of null temperature correlation functions of the Heisenberg 1/2 spin chain. The important point of this approach is the solution of the inverse quantum problem given by the XXZ spin chain. This solution as well as a simple formulae for the scalar product of the Bethe states, have enabled us to get the most basic correlation functions under the form of multiple integrals. The formalism of multiple integrals open the way for asymptotic analysis for a few physical quantities like the probability of vacuum formation. It is worth noticing that this formalism can give exact results for two-point functions that are the most important correlation functions for applications. A relationship has been discovered between these multiple integrals and the sum of the form factors. The results have been extended to dynamical correlation functions. (A.C.)

  11. Generalized Coordinate Bethe Ansatz for open spin chains with non-diagonal boundaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We introduce a generalization of the original Coordinate Bethe Ansatz that allows to treat the case of open spin chains with non-diagonal boundary matrices. We illustrate it on two cases: the XXX and XXZ chains. Short review on a joint work with N. Crampe (L2C) and D. Simon (LPMA), see arXiv:1009.4119, arXiv:1105.4119 and arXiv:1106.3264.

  12. Light composite Higgs boson from the normalized Bethe-Salpeter equation

    OpenAIRE

    Doff, A.(Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná – UTFPR – DAFIS, Av. Monteiro Lobato Km 04, 84016-210 Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil); Natale, A. A.; da Silva, P. S. Rodrigues

    2009-01-01

    Scalar composite boson masses have been computed in QCD and Technicolor theories with the help of the homogeneous Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE), resulting in a scalar mass that is twice the dynamically generated fermion or technifermion mass ($m_{dyn}$). We show that in the case of walking (or quasi-conformal) technicolor theories, where the $m_{dyn}$ behavior with the momenta may be quite different from the one predicted by the standard operator product expansion, this result is incomplete a...

  13. Solution of the Bethe-Goldstone Equation without Partial Wave Decomposition

    OpenAIRE

    White, L; Sammarruca, F.

    2013-01-01

    We present a method for solving the nucleon-nucleon scattering equation without the use of a partial wave expansion of the scattering amplitude. After verifying the accuracy of the numerical solutions, we proceed to apply the method to the in-medium scattering equation (the Bethe-Goldstone equation) in three dimensions. A focal point is a study of Pauli blocking effects calculated in the (angle-dependent) three-dimensional formalism as compared to the usual spherical approximation. We discuss...

  14. The Bethe-Brueckner-Goldstone expansion in nuclear and neutron matter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The microscopic theory of nuclear matter is developed within the Bethe-Brueckner-Goldstone expansion. Starting from different realistic nucleon-nucleon interactions, the equation of state of symmetric nuclear matter and pure neutron matter is calculated up to three-hole level of approximation. The expansion shows to be convergent up to densities relevant for neutron stars studies. Within the same scheme, the nucleon strength function is calculated in the kinematical region pertinent to deep inelastic electron scattering. (author)

  15. Relativistic three-nucleon calculations within the Bethe-Salpeter approach

    CERN Document Server

    Bondarenko, S G; Yurev, S A

    2015-01-01

    The relativistic properties of the three-nucleon system are investigated using the Faddeev equations within the Bethe-Salpeter approach. The nucleon-nucleon interaction is chosen in a separable form. The Gauss quadrature method is used to calculate the integrals. The system of the integral equations are solving by iterations method. The binding energy and the partial-wave amplitudes (1S 0 and 3S 1) of the triton are found.

  16. Relativistic Three-Nucleon Calculations within the Bethe-Salpeter Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bondarenko S.G.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The relativistic properties of the three-nucleon system are investigated using the Faddeev equations within the Bethe-Salpeter approach. The nucleon-nucleon interaction is chosen in a separable form. The Gauss quadrature method is used to calculate the integrals. The system of the integral equations is solved by an iterative method. The binding energy and the partial-wave amplitudes (1S0 and 3S1 of the triton are found.

  17. Final state interaction effects in electrodisintegration of the deuteron within the Bethe-Salpeter approach

    CERN Document Server

    Bondarenko, S G; Rogochaya, E P

    2011-01-01

    The electrodisintegration of the deuteron is considered within a relativistic model of nucleon-nucleon interaction based on the Bethe-Salpeter approach with a separable interaction kernel. The exclusive cross section is calculated within the impulse approximation under various kinematic conditions. Final state interactions between the outgoing nucleons are taken into account. The comparison of nonrelativistic and relativistic calculations is presented. Partial-wave states of the neutron-proton pair with total angular momentum $J=0,1$ are considered.

  18. Instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter View of Goldstone-Type Pseudoscalar Mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Lucha, Wolfgang

    2016-01-01

    Describing the lightest pseudoscalar mesons as bound states of quark and antiquark within the framework of an instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter formalism constructed such as to retain (in contrast to Salpeter's equation) as much information on the relativistic effects provided by the full quark propagator as conceivable allows for a surprisingly simple implementation of their near masslessness mandatory for their interpretability as pseudo-Goldstone bosons related to the spontaneous breaking of the chiral symmetries of quantum chromodynamics.

  19. Bethe-ansatz equations for quantum Heisenberg chains with elliptic exchange

    OpenAIRE

    Inozemtsev, V. I.

    1999-01-01

    The eigenvectors of the Hamiltonian ${\\cal H}_{N}$ of $N$-sites quantum spin chains with elliptic exchange are connected with the double Bloch meromorphic solutions of the quantum continuous elliptic Calogero-Moser problem. This fact allows one to find the eigenvectors via the solutions to the system of highly transcendental equations of Bethe-ansatz type which is presented in explicit form.

  20. Hierarchical Structure of Azbel-Hofstader Problem: Strings and loose ends of Bethe Ansatz

    OpenAIRE

    Abanov, A. G.; Talstra, J. C.; Wiegmann, P. B.

    1997-01-01

    We present numerical evidence that solutions of the Bethe Ansatz equations for a Bloch particle in an incommensurate magnetic field (Azbel-Hofstadter or AH model), consist of complexes-"strings". String solutions are well-known from integrable field theories. They become asymptotically exact in the thermodynamic limit. The string solutions for the AH model are exact in the incommensurate limit, where the flux through the unit cell is an irrational number in units of the elementary flux quantu...

  1. Symmetry preserving truncations of the gap and Bethe-Salpeter equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binosi, Daniele; Chang, Lei; Papavassiliou, Joannis; Qin, Si-Xue; Roberts, Craig D.

    2016-05-01

    Ward-Green-Takahashi (WGT) identities play a crucial role in hadron physics, e.g. imposing stringent relationships between the kernels of the one- and two-body problems, which must be preserved in any veracious treatment of mesons as bound states. In this connection, one may view the dressed gluon-quark vertex, Γμa , as fundamental. We use a novel representation of Γμa , in terms of the gluon-quark scattering matrix, to develop a method capable of elucidating the unique quark-antiquark Bethe-Salpeter kernel, K , that is symmetry consistent with a given quark gap equation. A strength of the scheme is its ability to expose and capitalize on graphic symmetries within the kernels. This is displayed in an analysis that reveals the origin of H -diagrams in K , which are two-particle-irreducible contributions, generated as two-loop diagrams involving the three-gluon vertex, that cannot be absorbed as a dressing of Γμa in a Bethe-Salpeter kernel nor expressed as a member of the class of crossed-box diagrams. Thus, there are no general circumstances under which the WGT identities essential for a valid description of mesons can be preserved by a Bethe-Salpeter kernel obtained simply by dressing both gluon-quark vertices in a ladderlike truncation; and, moreover, adding any number of similarly dressed crossed-box diagrams cannot improve the situation.

  2. Electronic structure of disordered binary alloys with short range correlation in Bethe lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The determination of the electronic structure of a disordered material along the tight-binding model when applied to a Bethe lattice. The diagonal as well as off-diagonal disorder, are considered. The coordination number on the Bethe is fixed lattice to four (Z=4) that occurs in most compound semiconductors. The main proposal was to study the conditions under which a relatively simple model of a disordered material, i.e, a binary alloy, could account for the basic properties of transport or more specifically for the electronic states in such systems. By using a parametrization of the pair probability the behaviour of the electronic density of states (DOS) for different values of the short range order parameter, σ, which makes possible to treat the segregated, random and alternating cases, was analysed. In solving the problem via the Green function technique in the Wannier representation a linear chain of atoms was considered and using the solution of such a 1-D system the problem of the Bethe lattice which is constructed using such renormalized chains as elements, was solved. The results indicate that the obtained DOS are strongly dependent on the correlation assumed for the occupancy in the lattice. (author)

  3. A Generalized Uhlenbeck and Beth Formula for the Third Cluster Coefficient

    CERN Document Server

    Larsen, Sigurd Yves; Amaya-Tapia, Alejandro

    2016-01-01

    Relatively recently (A. Amaya-Tapia, S. Y. Larsen and M. Lassaut. Ann. Phys., vol. 306 (2011) 406), we presented a formula for the evaluation of the third Bose fugacity coefficient - leading to the third virial coefficient - in terms of three-body eigenphase shifts, for particles subject to repulsive forces. An analytical calculation for a 1-dim. model, for which the result is known, confirmed the validity of this approach. We now extend the formalism to particles with attractive forces, and therefore must allow for the possibility that the particles have bound states. We thus obtain a true generalization of the famous formula of Uhlenbeck and Beth (G.E. Uhlenbeck and E. Beth. Physica, vol. 3 (1936) 729; E. Beth and G.E. Uhlenbeck. ibid, vol.4 (1937) 915) (and of Gropper (L. Gropper. Phys. Rev. vol. 50 (1936) 963; ibid vol. 51 (1937) 1108)) for the second virial. We illustrate our formalism by a calculation, in an adiabatic approximation, of the third cluster in one dimension, using McGuire's model as in our ...

  4. Symmetry preserving truncations of the gap and Bethe-Salpeter equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Binosi, Daniele; Chang, Lei; Papavassiliou, Joannis; Qin, Si-Xue; Roberts, Craig D.

    2016-05-01

    Ward-Green-Takahashi (WGT) identities play a crucial role in hadron physics, e.g. imposing stringent relationships between the kernels of the one-and two-body problems, which must be preserved in any veracious treatment of mesons as bound states. In this connection, one may view the dressed gluon-quark vertex, Gamma(alpha)(mu), as fundamental. We use a novel representation of Gamma(alpha)(mu), in terms of the gluon-quark scattering matrix, to develop a method capable of elucidating the unique quark-antiquark Bethe-Salpeter kernel, K, that is symmetry consistent with a given quark gap equation. A strength of the scheme is its ability to expose and capitalize on graphic symmetries within the kernels. This is displayed in an analysis that reveals the origin of H-diagrams in K, which are two-particle-irreducible contributions, generated as two-loop diagrams involving the three-gluon vertex, that cannot be absorbed as a dressing of Gamma(alpha)(mu) in a Bethe-Salpeter kernel nor expressed as a member of the class of crossed-box diagrams. Thus, there are no general circumstances under which the WGT identities essential for a valid description of mesons can be preserved by a Bethe-Salpeter kernel obtained simply by dressing both gluon-quark vertices in a ladderlike truncation; and, moreover, adding any number of similarly dressed crossed-box diagrams cannot improve the situation.

  5. The connection of two-particle relativistic quantum mechanics with the Bethe-Salpeter equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We show the formal equivalence between the wave equations of two-particle relativistic quantum mechanics, based on the manifestly covariant hamiltonian formalism with constraints, and the Bethe-Salpeter equation. This is achieved by algebraically transforming the latter so as to separate it into two independent equations which match the equations of hamiltonian relativistic quantum mechanics. The first equation determines the relative time evolution of the system, while the second one yields a three-dimensional eigenvalue equation. A connection is thus established between the Bethe-Salpeter wave function and its kernel on the one hand and the quantum mechanical wave function and interaction potential on the other. For the sector of solutions of the Bethe-Salpeter equation having non-relativistic limits, this relationship can be evaluated in perturbation theory. We also device a generalized form of the instantaneous approximation which simplifies the various expressions involved in the above relations. It also permits the evaluation of the normalization condition of the quantum mechanical wave function as a three-dimensional integral

  6. Spectral Theory for Interacting Particle Systems Solvable by Coordinate Bethe Ansatz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borodin, Alexei; Corwin, Ivan; Petrov, Leonid; Sasamoto, Tomohiro

    2015-11-01

    We develop spectral theory for the q-Hahn stochastic particle system introduced recently by Povolotsky. That is, we establish a Plancherel type isomorphism result that implies completeness and biorthogonality statements for the Bethe ansatz eigenfunctions of the system. Owing to a Markov duality with the q-Hahn TASEP (a discrete-time generalization of TASEP with particles' jump distribution being the orthogonality weight for the classical q-Hahn orthogonal polynomials), we write down moment formulas that characterize the fixed time distribution of the q-Hahn TASEP with general initial data. The Bethe ansatz eigenfunctions of the q-Hahn system degenerate into eigenfunctions of other (not necessarily stochastic) interacting particle systems solvable by the coordinate Bethe ansatz. This includes the ASEP, the (asymmetric) six-vertex model, and the Heisenberg XXZ spin chain (all models are on the infinite lattice). In this way, each of the latter systems possesses a spectral theory, too. In particular, biorthogonality of the ASEP eigenfunctions, which follows from the corresponding q-Hahn statement, implies symmetrization identities of Tracy and Widom (for ASEP with either step or step Bernoulli initial configuration) as corollaries. Another degeneration takes the q-Hahn system to the q-Boson particle system (dual to q-TASEP) studied in detail in our previous paper (2013). Thus, at the spectral theory level we unify two discrete-space regularizations of the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation/stochastic heat equation, namely, q-TASEP and ASEP.

  7. Advances in solving the two-fermion homogeneous Bethe-Salpeter equation in Minkowski space

    CERN Document Server

    de Paula, W; Salmè, G; Viviani, M

    2016-01-01

    Actual solutions of the Bethe-Salpeter equation for a two-fermion bound system are becoming available directly in Minkowski space, by virtue of a novel technique, based on the so-called Nakanishi integral representation of the Bethe-Salpeter amplitude and improved by expressing the relevant momenta through light-front components, i.e. $k^\\pm=k^0 \\pm k^3$. We solve a crucial problem that widens the applicability of the method to real situations by providing an analytically exact treatment of the singularities plaguing the two-fermion problem in Minkowski space, irrespective of the complexity of the irreducible Bethe-Salpeter kernel. This paves the way for feasible numerical investigations of relativistic composite systems, with any spin degrees of freedom. We present a thorough comparison with existing numerical results, evaluated in both Minkowski and Euclidean space, fully corroborating our analytical treatment, as well as fresh light-front amplitudes illustrating the potentiality of non perturbative calcula...

  8. Gluon bound state and asymptotic freedom derived from the Bethe--Salpeter equation

    CERN Document Server

    Fukamachi, Hitoshi; Nishino, Shogo; Shinohara, Toru

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we study the two-body bound states for gluons and ghosts in a massive Yang-Mills theory which is obtained by generalizing the ordinary massless Yang-Mills theory in a manifestly Lorentz covariant gauge. First, we give a systematic derivation of the coupled Bethe-Salpeter equations for gluons and ghosts by using the Cornwall-Jackiw-Tomboulis effective action of the composite operators within the framework of the path integral quantization. Then, we obtain the numerical solutions for the Bethe-Salpeter amplitude representing the simultaneous bound states of gluons and ghosts by solving the homogeneous Bethe-Salpeter equation in the ladder approximation. We study how the inclusion of ghosts affects the two-gluon bound states in the cases of the standing and running gauge coupling constant. Moreover, we show explicitly that the approximate solutions obtained for the gluon-gluon amplitude are consistent with the ultraviolet asymptotic freedom signaled by the negative $\\beta$ function.

  9. A comparison of the measured North Sea Andrea rogue wave with numerical simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bitner-Gregersen, E. M.; Fernandez, L.; Lefèvre, J. M.; Monbaliu, J.; Toffoli, A.

    2013-09-01

    A coupling of a spectral wave model with a nonlinear phase resolving model is used to reconstruct the evolution of wave statistics during a storm crossing the North Sea on 8-9 November 2007. During this storm a rogue wave (named the Andrea wave) was recorded at the Ekofisk field. The wave has characteristics comparable to the well-known New Year wave measured by Statoil at the Draupner platform the 1 January 1995. Hindcast data of the storm are here applied as input to calculate random realizations of sea surface and evolution of its statistical properties associated with this specific wave event by solving the Euler equations with a Higher Order Spectral Method (HOSM). The numerical results are compared with the Andrea wave profile as well as characteristics of the Andrea wave record measured by the down-looking lasers at the Ekofisk field.

  10. A comparison of the measured North Sea Andrea rogue wave with numerical simulations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. M. Bitner-Gregersen

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A coupling of a spectral wave model with a nonlinear phase resolving model is used to reconstruct the evolution of wave statistics during a storm crossing the North Sea on 8–9 November 2007. During this storm a rogue wave (named the Andrea wave was recorded at the Ekofisk field. The wave has characteristics comparable to the well-known New Year wave measured by Statoil at the Draupner platform the 1 January 1995. Hindcast data of the storm are here applied as input to calculate random realizations of sea surface and evolution of its statistical properties associated with this specific wave event by solving the Euler equations with a Higher Order Spectral Method (HOSM. The numerical results are compared with the Andrea wave profile as well as characteristics of the Andrea wave record measured by the down-looking lasers at the Ekofisk field.

  11. Musikkekteparet Olaus Andreas Grøndahl og Agathe Backer Grøndahl. En fellesbiografi

    OpenAIRE

    Steihaug, Nina

    2014-01-01

    Summary The title of the thesis is: A Marriage of Musicians. Olaus Andreas Grøndahl og Agathe Backer Grøndahl. A Collective Biography. The theme of the thesis is the marriage of Agathe Backer Grøndahl (1847-1907) and Olaus Andreas Grøndahl (1847-1923) (also known as O. A. Grøndahl and Olam Grøndahl) of Kristiania in Norway. The couple were married in 1875 and both were prominent musicians during the second half of the 19th century. Agathe was a famous pianist with an international career, ...

  12. Vertical deformation along the Indio Hills, San Andreas Fault, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scharer, K. M.; Blisniuk, K.; Sharp, W. D.; Williams, P. L.; Johnson, K.

    2014-12-01

    Halfway between the Salton Sea and San Gorgonio Pass, the southernmost San Andreas Fault (SAF) bifurcates into the Mission Creek and Banning strands. These strands bound the Indio Hills (IH), and mark the first of a series of left-stepping branches that define the transpressional, southern Big Bend of the SAF. Between the fault strands, the Quaternary Ocotillo Formation is deformed with fold axis orientations consistent with dextral shear; structurally the IH are synclinal in the east, transitioning to a complex antiform with increased uplift suggested by exhumation of Tertiary units in the west. We report new long- and short-term erosion rates across the IH and uplift rates on the Banning strand, and we evaluate these measurements in terms of slip rates across the fault system and structural deformation within the IH. Two methods of catchment-averaged erosion rates provide minimum rates yield similar results, (0.08 to 0.34 mm/yr) across 6 catchments. The long-term rates are calculated from eroded volumes estimated from a 10-m DEM surface enveloping the Indio Hills and assume that all folding and uplift initiated ca. 500ka (the 750 ka Bishop ash is uplifted and warped within the IH). The short-term rates, determined from 10Be dating of alluvial sediments, increase gradually to the northwest. Similarity of the rates suggests steady state uplift over the history of the fold; ongoing structural analysis and dating needed to constrain the maximum rates will test this possibility. The new uplift rate for the Banning strand at the east end of the IH is determined from a 60 pts/m^2 DEM produced by structure from motion photogrammetry and U-series ages and cosmogenic dates that provide an age range of 20-76ka for a fan vertically offset by ~2.5 m. The resulting uplift rate on the fault (0.03-0.125 mm/yr) overlaps with the short-term catchment-averaged erosion rate for this location (0.08 mm/yr). Consequently, we interpret that vertical strain is partitioned onto both the

  13. Der Bildhauer Andreas Schweigl und die Sakralkunst in Mähren zur Zeit der josephinischen Reformen

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Suchánek, P.; Valeš, Tomáš

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 63, č. 3 (2015), s. 156-181. ISSN 0049-5123 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP409/12/0617 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Andreas Schweigl * sculpture * sacred art * Enlightenment Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage http://www.umeni-art.cz/cz/issue-detail.aspx?v=issue-issue-2518

  14. Kunagi nii popp idabloki kadunud filmikunst / Eva Näripea, Andreas Trossek ; intervjueerinud Ave Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Näripea, Eva

    2009-01-01

    2007. a. oktoobris toimunud konverentsi "Via Transversa : Lost Cinema of the Former Eastern Bloc" ettekannetel põhinevast kogumikust: Via Transversa : Lost Cinema of the Former Eastern Bloc / editors Eva Näripea, Andreas Trossek. Tallinn : Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, 2008. (Koht ja paik ; 7)

  15. Mida ootate alanud õppeaastalt? / Liidia Kuusksalu, Triin Andreas, Viktor Koop ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Kuristiku gümnaasiumi õpetaja Liidia Kuusksalu, Tallinna Suitsupääsupesa lasteaia juhataja Triin Andreas, Häädemeeste keskkooli õpetaja Viktor Koop, Võrumaa kutsehariduskeskuse direktor Tanel Linnus, Viljandi maagümnaasiumi õpetaja Alli Lunter, Kuusalu keskkooli direktor Vello Sats, Tallinna ühisgümnaasiumi õpetaja Triin Noorkõiv

  16. Andrea Dworkin's "Mercy": Pain, Ad Personam, and Silence in the "War Zone."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eberly, Rosa A.

    1993-01-01

    Studies the public responses to Andrea Dworkin's novel "Mercy" (about rape specifically and the sexual abuse of women in general). Suggests that Dworkin's "Mercy"--like other controversial cultural texts--fostered a type of literary public sphere and that defining these spheres as "war zones" does not foster open debate or a common space for…

  17. Frictional strength and heat flow of southern San Andreas Fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, P. P.

    2016-01-01

    Frictional strength and heat flow of faults are two related subjects in geophysics and seismology. To date, the investigation on regional frictional strength and heat flow still stays at the stage of qualitative estimation. This paper is concentrated on the regional frictional strength and heat flow of the southern San Andreas Fault (SAF). Based on the in situ borehole measured stress data, using the method of 3D dynamic faulting analysis, we quantitatively determine the regional normal stress, shear stress, and friction coefficient at various seismogenic depths. These new data indicate that the southern SAF is a weak fault within the depth of 15 km. As depth increases, all the regional normal and shear stresses and friction coefficient increase. The former two increase faster than the latter. Regional shear stress increment per kilometer equals 5.75 ± 0.05 MPa/km for depth ≤15 km; regional normal stress increment per kilometer is equal to 25.3 ± 0.1 MPa/km for depth ≤15 km. As depth increases, regional friction coefficient increment per kilometer decreases rapidly from 0.08 to 0.01/km at depths less than ~3 km. As depth increases from ~3 to ~5 km, it is 0.01/km and then from ~5 to 15 km, and it is 0.002/km. Previously, frictional strength could be qualitatively determined by heat flow measurements. It is difficult to obtain the quantitative heat flow data for the SAF because the measured heat flow data exhibit large scatter. However, our quantitative results of frictional strength can be employed to investigate the heat flow in the southern SAF. We use a physical quantity P f to describe heat flow. It represents the dissipative friction heat power per unit area generated by the relative motion of two tectonic plates accommodated by off-fault deformation. P f is called "fault friction heat." On the basis of our determined frictional strength data, utilizing the method of 3D dynamic faulting analysis, we quantitatively determine the regional long-term fault

  18. Peculiarities in the Structure of Two-Particle States within the Bethe-Salpeter Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Dorkin, S. M.; Semikh, S. S.; Beyer, M.; Kaptari, L. P.

    2006-01-01

    The two-fermion bound system is an attractive subject of atomic and sub-atomic physics. Despite these systems are rather simple the study of two-particle bound states is challenging and still remains a source of progress in quantum theory. Here we present a new method of solving the Bethe Salpeter equations for the bound states of spinor particles by using the expansion of the vertex functions over the complete set of four-dimensional hyperspherical harmonics. Within this method the BS equati...

  19. Physical properties of the pion in the covariant Bethe-Salpeter formalism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some problems concerned with normalization of wave functions, which are obtained from the general method for the Lorentz-covariant Bethe-Salpeter equation of the Goldstone boson developed in our previous work, are discussed in connection with the axial Ward-Takahashi identity. Physical properties of the pion, including the π0→γγ amplitude, are calculated in QCD-motivated models with the general method. Both the chiral limit and the effect of explicit chiral-symmetry breaking by the bare quark mass are considered. A quite good agreement with experimental data is obtained with these models

  20. The electronic structure of the F-center in alkali-halides-The Bethe cluster - lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electronic structure of the F-center in alkali-halides with the NaCl structure has been studied using the Bethe Cluster lattice method. The central cluster has been taken as constituted by the vacancy and the nearest- and second-neighbors to it, respectively cations and anions. The optical transitions have been calculated and compared to experimental data on the location of the peak of the F-absorption band. The agreement obtained indicates that this method may be used to study properties of this defect in alkali halides. (Author)

  1. Femininity, Childhood and the Non-Making of a Sporting Celebrity: The Beth Tweddle Case

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, R. L.

    2013-01-01

    Gymnastics is regularly classified as a feminine-appropriate sport, embodying grace and elegance. Furthermore, it is the Olympic sport which has regularly produced female sporting celebrities. Beth Tweddle is the most successful British gymnast of all time and the first to achieve international success, culminating in a medal at London 2012, yet she has received relatively little media coverage and few corporate endorsements. Employing a ‘negative case’ methodology, this athlete’s relat...

  2. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the six vertex model with upper triangular K-matrices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider a formulation of the algebraic Bethe ansatz for the six vertex model with non-diagonal open boundaries. Specifically, we study the case where both left and right K-matrices have an upper triangular form. We show that the main difficulty entailed by those forms of the K-matrices is the construction of the excited states. However, it is possible to treat this problem with the aid of an auxiliary transfer matrix and by means of a generalized creation operator. (paper)

  3. Probabilistic image processing by means of the Bethe approximation for the Q-Ising model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The framework of Bayesian image restoration for multi-valued images by means of the Q-Ising model with nearest-neighbour interactions is presented. Hyperparameters in the probabilistic model are determined so as to maximize the marginal likelihood. A practical algorithm is described for multi-valued image restoration based on the Bethe approximation. The algorithm corresponds to loopy belief propagation in artificial intelligence. We conclude that, in real world grey-level images, the Q-Ising model can give us good results

  4. Ein Frankfurter Physiker, der die Welt veränderte : Hans Albrecht Bethes bewegtes Leben

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt-Böcking, Horst (Prof. Dr.)

    2008-01-01

    Der Nobelpreisträger Hans Albrecht Bethe war einer der ganz großen Physiker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Er gilt als einer der Väter der modernen Quantenphysik. In seiner Bedeutung für die Entwicklung der modernen Physik kommt er selbst Werner Heisenberg oder Max Planck sehr nahe. Er ist in Frankfurt aufgewachsen, hat hier das Goethe-Gymnasium besucht und an der Universität Frankfurt studiert. 1933 musste er emigrieren, da seine Mutter jüdischen Glaubens war. In seiner Heimatstadt Frankfurt ist er b...

  5. Exact treatment of the Pauli exclusion operator in the nuclear matter Bethe-Goldstone equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We solve the Bethe-Goldstone equation in nuclear matter for the scattering of a nucleon of a few hundred MeV. The angular momentum coupling caused by the nonspherical part of the Pauli blocking operator is treated exactly. It is found that standard approximation of angle averaging the Pauli operator is quite accurate for bulk properties of the reaction matrix even at energies as high as 300 MeV. Our result justifies one of the common approximations previously untested in the microscopic calculation of the optical model potential

  6. Exclusive electrodisintegration of the deuteron in the Bethe-Salpeter approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An exclusive process of the deuteron electrodisintegration is analyzed in the framework of the Bethe-Salpeter formalism with a phenomenological Graz II rank-three separable interaction. The approximations made are the neglect of final-state interaction, two-body exchange currents, negative-energy components of the bound-state vertex function and the scattering T matrix. The comparison of the relativistic calculations of the exclusive cross section in the laboratory system with the experimental data is presented within different kinematic conditions

  7. On the electrodisintegration of the deuteron in the Bethe-Salpeter formalism

    CERN Document Server

    Bondarenko, S G; Goy, A A; Rogochaya, E P

    2006-01-01

    The (ed -> enp) process in the frame of the Bethe-Salpeter approach with a separable kernel of the Nucleon-Nucleon (NN) interaction was considered. This conception keeps the covariance of description of the process. Special attention was devoted to a contribution of the D-states of the deuteron in the cross section of the electrodisintegration. It was shown that the spectator particle (neutron) plays an important role. The factorization of a cross section of this reaction in the impulse approximation was checked by analytical and numerical calculations.

  8. Inner products of Bethe states as partial domain wall partition functions

    CERN Document Server

    Kostov, Ivan

    2012-01-01

    We study the inner product of Bethe states in the inhomogeneous periodic XXX spin-1/2 chain of length L, which is given by the Slavnov determinant formula. We show that the inner product of an on-shell M-magnon state with a generic M-magnon state is given by the same expression as the inner product of a 2M-magnon state with a vacuum descendent. The second inner product is proportional to the partition function of the six-vertex model on a rectangular Lx2M grid, with partial domain-wall boundary conditions.

  9. Delta and Omega electromagnetic form factors in a Dyson-Schwinger/Bethe-Salpeter approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diana Nicmorus, Gernot Eichmann, Reinhard Alkofer

    2010-12-01

    We investigate the electromagnetic form factors of the Delta and the Omega baryons within the Poincare-covariant framework of Dyson-Schwinger and Bethe-Salpeter equations. The three-quark core contributions of the form factors are evaluated by employing a quark-diquark approximation. We use a consistent setup for the quark-gluon dressing, the quark-quark bound-state kernel and the quark-photon interaction. Our predictions for the multipole form factors are compatible with available experimental data and quark-model estimates. The current-quark mass evolution of the static electromagnetic properties agrees with results provided by lattice calculations.

  10. osp (1 vertical bar 2) off-shell Bethe ansatz equations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The semiclassical limit of the algebraic quantum inverse scattering method is used to solve the theory of the Gaudin model. Via Off-shell Bethe ansatz equations of an integrable representation of the graded osp(1 vertical bar 2) vertex model we find the spectrum of the N - 1 independents Hamiltonians of Gaudin. Integral representations of the N-point correlators are presented as solutions of the Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equation. These results are extended for highest representations of the osp (1 vertical bar 2) Gaudin algebra

  11. Explicit Solutions of the Bethe Ansatz Equations for Bloch Electrons in a Magnetic Field

    OpenAIRE

    Hatsugai, Yasuhiro; Kohmoto, Mahito; Wu, Yong-Shi

    1994-01-01

    For Bloch electrons in a magnetic field, explicit solutions are obtained at the center of the spectrum for the Bethe ansatz equations recently proposed by Wiegmann and Zabrodin. When the magnetic flux per plaquette is $1/Q$ where $Q$ is an odd integer, distribution of the roots is uniform on the unit circle in the complex plane. For the semi-classical limit, $ Q\\rightarrow\\infty$, the wavefunction obeys the power low and is given by $|\\psi(x)|^2=(2/ \\sin \\pi x)$ which is critical and unnormal...

  12. Quantum Group and Magnetic Translations. Bethe-Ansatz Solution for Azbel-Hofstadter Problem

    OpenAIRE

    Wiegmann, P. B.; Zabrodin, A. V.

    1993-01-01

    We present a new approach to the problem of Bloch electrons in magnetic ( sometimes called Azbel-Hofstadter problem) field, by making explicit a natural relation between the group of magnetic translations and the quantum group $U_{q}(sl_2)$. The approach allows us to express the "mid" band spectrum of the model and the Bloch wave function as solutions of the Bethe-Ansatz equations typical for completely integrable quantum systems. The zero mode wave functions are found explicitly in terms of ...

  13. Quantum Group, Bethe Ansatz and Bloch Electrons in a Magnetic Field

    OpenAIRE

    Hatsugai, Y.; Kohmoto, M.; Wu, Y.-S.

    1995-01-01

    The wave functions for two dimensional Bloch electrons in a uniform magnetic field at the mid-band points are studied with the help of the algebraic structure of the quantum group $U_q(sl_2)$. A linear combination of its generators gives the Hamiltonian. We obtain analytical and numerical solutions for the wave functions by solving the Bethe Ansatz equations, proposed by Wiegmann and Zabrodin on the basis of above observation. The semi-classical case with the flux per plaquette $\\phi=1/Q$ is ...

  14. Counting solutions of the Bethe equations of the quantum group invariant open XXZ chain at roots of unity

    CERN Document Server

    Gainutdinov, A M; Nepomechie, Rafael I; Sommese, Andrew J

    2015-01-01

    We consider the sl(2)_q-invariant open spin-1/2 XXZ quantum spin chain of finite length N. For the case that q is a root of unity, we propose a formula for the number of admissible solutions of the Bethe ansatz equations in terms of dimensions of irreducible representations of the Temperley-Lieb algebra; and a formula for the degeneracies of the transfer matrix eigenvalues in terms of dimensions of tilting sl(2)_q-modules. These formulas include corrections that appear if two or more tilting modules are spectrum-degenerate. For the XX case (q=exp(i pi/2)), we give explicit formulas for the number of admissible solutions and degeneracies. We also consider the cases of generic q and the isotropic (q->1) limit. Numerical solutions of the Bethe equations up to N=8 are presented. Our results are consistent with the Bethe ansatz solution being complete.

  15. Habitat information in the region on the underwater San Andreas Fault - Topic: Exploring the Undersea San Andreas Fault: Revealing the Past, Present, and Future at the Centennial of the Great 1906 Earthquake

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — During this exploration, the first comprehensive high-resolution multi-beam sonar and seismic reflection survey of the Northern San Andreas Fault (NSAF) was...

  16. Solution to Bethe-Salpeter equation via Mellin-Barnes transform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allendes, Pedro [Concepcion Univ. (Chile). Dept. de Fisica; Kniehl, Bernd [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Kondrashuk, Igor; Rojas Medar, Marko [Univ. del Bio-Bio, Chillan (Chile). Dept. de Ciencias Basicas; Notte Cuello, Eduardo A. [Univ. de La Serena (Chile). Facultad de Ciencias

    2012-06-15

    We consider Mellin-Barnes transform of triangle ladder-like scalar diagram in d=4 dimensions. It is shown how multi-fold MB transform of the momentum integral corresponding to any number of rungs is reduced to two-fold MB transform. For this purpose we use Belokurov-Usyukina reduction method for four-dimensional scalar integrals in the position space. The result is represented in terms of Euler {psi}-function and its derivatives. We derive new formulas for MB two-fold integration in the complex planes of two complex variables. We demonstrate that these formulas solve Bethe-Salpeter equation. We comment on further applications of solution to Bethe-Salpeter equation for vertices in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. We show that the recursive property of MB transforms observed in the present work for that kind of diagrams has nothing to do with quantum field theory, theory of integral transforms, or with theory of polylogarithms in general, but has an origin in a simple recursive property for smooth functions which can be shown by using basic methods of mathematical analysis.

  17. Symmetry preserving truncations of the gap and Bethe-Salpeter equations

    CERN Document Server

    Binosi, Daniele; Papavassiliou, Joannis; Qin, Si-Xue; Roberts, Craig D

    2016-01-01

    Ward-Green-Takahashi (WGT) identities play a crucial role in hadron physics, e.g. imposing stringent relationships between the kernels of the one- and two-body problems, which must be preserved in any veracious treatment of mesons as bound-states. In this connection, one may view the dressed gluon-quark vertex, $\\Gamma_\\mu^a$, as fundamental. We use a novel representation of $\\Gamma_\\mu^a$, in terms of the gluon-quark scattering matrix, to develop a method capable of elucidating the unique quark-antiquark Bethe-Salpeter kernel, $K$, that is symmetry-consistent with a given quark gap equation. A strength of the scheme is its ability to expose and capitalise on graphic symmetries within the kernels. This is displayed in an analysis that reveals the origin of $H$-diagrams in $K$, which are two-particle-irreducible contributions, generated as two-loop diagrams involving the three-gluon vertex, that cannot be absorbed as a dressing of $\\Gamma_\\mu^a$ in a Bethe-Salpeter kernel nor expressed as a member of the class...

  18. On string solutions of Bethe equations in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bethe equations, arising in description of the spectrum of the dilatation operator for the su(2) sector of the N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, are considered in the anti-ferromagnetic regime. These equations are deformation of those for the Heisenberg XXX magnet. It is proven that in the thermodynamic limit roots of the deformed equations group into strings. It is proven that the corresponding Yang's action is convex, which implies uniqueness of solution for centers of the strings. The state formed of strings of length (2n+1) is considered and the density of their distribution is found. It is shown that the energy of such a state decreases as n grows. It is observed that non-analyticity of the left hand side of the Bethe equations leads to an additional contribution to the density and energy of strings of even length. Whence it is concluded that the structure of the anti-ferromagnetic vacuum is determined by the behaviour of exponential corrections to string solutions in the thermodynamic limit and possibly involves strings of length 2. (orig.)

  19. Efficient on-the-fly interpolation technique for Bethe-Salpeter calculations of optical spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillet, Yannick; Giantomassi, Matteo; Gonze, Xavier

    2016-06-01

    The Bethe-Salpeter formalism represents the most accurate method available nowadays for computing neutral excitation energies and optical spectra of crystalline systems from first principles. Bethe-Salpeter calculations yield very good agreement with experiment but are notoriously difficult to converge with respect to the sampling of the electronic wavevectors. Well-converged spectra therefore require significant computational and memory resources, even by today's standards. These bottlenecks hinder the investigation of systems of great technological interest. They are also barriers to the study of derived quantities like piezoreflectance, thermoreflectance or resonant Raman intensities. We present a new methodology that decreases the workload needed to reach a given accuracy. It is based on a double-grid on-the-fly interpolation within the Brillouin zone, combined with the Lanczos algorithm. It achieves significant speed-up and reduction of memory requirements. The technique is benchmarked in terms of accuracy on silicon, gallium arsenide and lithium fluoride. The scaling of the performance of the method as a function of the Brillouin Zone point density is much better than a conventional implementation. We also compare our method with other similar techniques proposed in the literature.

  20. Semi-classical analysis of the inner product of Bethe states

    CERN Document Server

    Bettelheim, Eldad

    2014-01-01

    We study the inner product of two Bethe states, one of which is taken on-shell, in an inhomogeneous XXX chain in the Sutherland limit, where the number of magnons is comparable with the length L of the chain and the magnon rapidities arrange in a small number of macroscopically large Bethe strings. The leading order in the large L limit is known to be expressed through a contour integral of a dilogarithm. Here we derive the subleading term. Our analysis is based on a new contour-integral representation of the inner product in terms of a Fredholm determinant. We give two derivations of the sub-leading term. Besides a direct derivation by solving a Riemann-Hilbert problem, we give a less rigorous, but more intuitive derivation by field-theoretical methods. For that we represent the Fredholm determinant as an expectation value in a Fock space of chiral fermions and then bosonize. We construct a collective field for the bosonized theory, the short wave-length part of which may be evaluated exactly, while the long...

  1. A Bethe ansatz solvable model for superpositions of Cooper pairs and condensed molecular bosons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibberd, K. E.; Dunning, C.; Links, J.

    2006-08-01

    We introduce a general Hamiltonian describing coherent superpositions of Cooper pairs and condensed molecular bosons. For particular choices of the coupling parameters, the model is integrable. One integrable manifold, as well as the Bethe ansatz solution, was found by Dukelsky et al. [J. Dukelsky, G.G. Dussel, C. Esebbag, S. Pittel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 (2004) 050403]. Here we show that there is a second integrable manifold, established using the boundary quantum inverse scattering method. In this manner we obtain the exact solution by means of the algebraic Bethe ansatz. In the case where the Cooper pair energies are degenerate we examine the relationship between the spectrum of these integrable Hamiltonians and the quasi-exactly solvable spectrum of particular Schrödinger operators. For the solution we derive here the potential of the Schrödinger operator is given in terms of hyperbolic functions. For the solution derived by Dukelsky et al., loc. cit. the potential is sextic and the wavefunctions obey PT-symmetric boundary conditions. This latter case provides a novel example of an integrable Hermitian Hamiltonian acting on a Fock space whose states map into a Hilbert space of PT-symmetric wavefunctions defined on a contour in the complex plane.

  2. A Bethe ansatz solvable model for superpositions of Cooper pairs and condensed molecular bosons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hibberd, K.E. [Centre for Mathematical Physics, University of Queensland, 4072 (Australia); Dunning, C. [Institute of Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of Kent (United Kingdom); Links, J. [Centre for Mathematical Physics, University of Queensland, 4072 (Australia)]. E-mail: jrl@maths.uq.edu.au

    2006-08-07

    We introduce a general Hamiltonian describing coherent superpositions of Cooper pairs and condensed molecular bosons. For particular choices of the coupling parameters, the model is integrable. One integrable manifold, as well as the Bethe ansatz solution, was found by Dukelsky et al. [J. Dukelsky, G.G. Dussel, C. Esebbag, S. Pittel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 (2004) 050403]. Here we show that there is a second integrable manifold, established using the boundary quantum inverse scattering method. In this manner we obtain the exact solution by means of the algebraic Bethe ansatz. In the case where the Cooper pair energies are degenerate we examine the relationship between the spectrum of these integrable Hamiltonians and the quasi-exactly solvable spectrum of particular Schrodinger operators. For the solution we derive here the potential of the Schrodinger operator is given in terms of hyperbolic functions. For the solution derived by Dukelsky et al., loc. cit. the potential is sextic and the wavefunctions obey PT-symmetric boundary conditions. This latter case provides a novel example of an integrable Hermitian Hamiltonian acting on a Fock space whose states map into a Hilbert space of PT-symmetric wavefunctions defined on a contour in the complex plane.

  3. Ground State Mass Spectrum for Scalar Diquarks with Bethe-Salpeter Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhi-Gang; WAN Shao-Long; YANG Wei-Min

    2007-01-01

    In this article,we study the structures of the pseudoscalar mesons π,K and the scalar diquarks Ua,Da,Sa in the framework of the coupled rainbow Schwinger-Dyson equation and ladder Bethe-Salpeter equation with the confining effective potential.The u,d,s quarks have small current masses,and the renormalization is very large,the mass poles in the timelike region are absent which implements confinement naturally.The Bethe-Salpeter wavefunctions of the pseudoscalar mesons π,K,and the scalar diquarks Ua,Da,Sa have the same type (Gaussian type) momentum dependence,center around zero momentum and extend to the energy scale about q2 = 1 GeV2,which happens to be the energy scale for the chiral symmetry breaking,the strong interactions in the infrared region result in bound (or quasi-bound) states.The numerical results for the masses and decay constants of the π and K mesons can reproduce the experimental values,and the ground state masses of the scalar diquarks Ua,Da,Sa are consistent with the existing theoretical calculations.We suggest a new Lagrangian which may explain the uncertainty of the masses of the scalar diquarks.

  4. Nonperturbative shell correction to the Bethe-Bloch formula for the energy losses of fast charged particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matveev, V. I.; Makarov, D. N.

    2011-09-01

    A simple method including nonperturbative shell corrections has been developed for calculating energy losses on complex atoms. The energy losses of fast highly charged ions on neon, argon, krypton, and xenon atoms have been calculated and compared with experimental data. It has been shown that the inclusion of the non-perturbative shell corrections noticeably improves agreement with experimental data as compared to calculations by the Bethe-Bloch formula with the standard corrections. This undoubtedly helps to reduce the number of fitting parameters in various modifications of the Bethe-Bloch formula, which are usually determined semiempirically.

  5. Clinical trials of boron neutron capture therapy [in humans] [at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center][at Brookhaven National Laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Assessment of research records of Boron Neutron Capture Therapy was conducted at Brookhaven National Laboratory and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center using the Code of Federal Regulations, FDA Regulations and Good Clinical Practice Guidelines. Clinical data were collected FR-om subjects' research charts, and differences in conduct of studies at both centers were examined. Records maintained at Brookhaven National Laboratory were not in compliance with regulatory standards. Beth Israel's records followed federal regulations. Deficiencies discovered at both sites are discussed in the reports

  6. Seismic tomography and deformation modeling of the junction of the San Andreas and Calaveras faults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorbath, C.; Oppenheimer, D.; Amelung, F.; King, G.

    1996-01-01

    Local earthquake P traveltime data is inverted to obtain a three-dimensional tomographic image of the region centered on the junction of the San Andreas and Calaveras faults. The resulting velocity model is then used to relocate more than 17,000 earthquakes and to produce a model of fault structure in the region. These faults serve as the basis for modeling the topography using elastic dislocation methods. The region is of interest because active faults join, it marks the transition zone from creeping to locked fault behavior on the San Andreas fault, it exhibits young topography, and it has a good spatial distribution of seismicity. The tomographic data set is extensive, consisting of 1445 events, 96 stations, and nearly 95,000 travel time readings. Tomographic images are resolvable to depths of 12 km and show significant velocity contrasts across the San Andreas and Calaveras faults, a low-velocity zone associated with the creeping section of the San Andreas fault, and shallow low-velocity sediments in the southern Santa Clara valley and northern Salinas valley. Relocated earthquakes only occur where vp>5 km/s and indicate that portions of the San Andreas and Calaveras faults are non vertical, although we cannot completely exclude the possibility that all or part of this results from ray tracing problems. The new dips are more consistent with geological observations that dipping faults intersect the surface where surface traces have been mapped. The topographic modeling predicts extensive subsidence in regions characterized by shallow low-velocity material, presumably the result of recent sedimentation. Some details of the topography at the junction of the San Andreas and Calaveras faults are not consistent with the modeling results, suggesting that the current position of this "triple junction" has changed with time. The model also predicts those parts of the fault subject to contraction or extension perpendicular to the fault strike and hence the sense of any

  7. 19. IV avati Y-galeriis Andreas W kureeritud näitus "Puudumise kohalolu : the presence of absence"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Osalevad kunstnikud Kaisa Eiche, Toomas Kalve, Alan Proosa, Maari Ross, Riho Peiker, Anna Hints, Siim Vahur, Katz, Alan Ross, Jaan Sokk, Andreas W, Taavi Piibemann ja Kalev Vapper on Tartu Kõrgemast Kunstikoolist või sellega seotud

  8. Tectonic history of the north portion of the San Andreas fault system, California, inferred from gravity and magnetic anomalies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griscom, A.; Jachens, R.C.

    1989-01-01

    Geologic and geophysical data for the San Andreas fault system north of San Francisco suggest that the eastern boundary of the Pacific plate migrated eastward from its presumed original position at the base of the continental slope to its present position along the San Andreas transform fault by means of a series of eastward jumps of the Mendocino triple junction. These eastward jumps total a distance of about 150 km since 29 Ma. Correlation of right-laterally displaced gravity and magnetic anomalies that now have components at San Francisco and on the shelf north of Point Arena indicates that the presently active strand of the San Andreas fault north of the San Francisco peninsula formed recently at about 5 Ma when the triple junction jumped eastward a minimum of 100 km to its present location at the north end of the San Andreas fault. -from Authors

  9. The wister mud pot lineament: Southeastward extension or abandoned strand of the San Andreas fault?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, D.K.; Hudnut, K.W.

    2008-01-01

    We present the results of a survey of mud pots in the Wister Unit of the Imperial Wildlife Area. Thirty-three mud pots, pot clusters, or related geothermal vents (hundreds of pots in all) were identified, and most were found to cluster along a northwest-trending line that is more or less coincident with the postulated Sand Hills fault. An extrapolation of the trace of the San Andreas fault southeastward from its accepted terminus north of Bombay Beach very nearly coincides with the mud pot lineament and may represent a surface manifestation of the San Andreas fault southeast of the Salton Sea. Additionally, a recent survey of vents near Mullet Island in the Salton Sea revealed eight areas along a northwest-striking line where gas was bubbling up through the water and in two cases hot mud and water were being violently ejected.

  10. Kritische politische Bildung. Ein Handbuch. Bettina Lösch, Andreas Thimmel (Hrsg.) [Rezension

    OpenAIRE

    Ondrak, Georg

    2010-01-01

    Rezension zu: Lösch, Bettina/Thimmel, Andreas (Hrsg.) (2010): Kritische politische Bildung. Ein Handbuch. "Die Beiträge des Handbuchs legen den aktuellen Stand einer kritischen politischen Bildung dar. Dabei geht es um Historie, Selbstverständnis, zentrale Themen und methodisch-didaktische Überlegungen politischer Bildungsarbeit. Die Autorinnen und Autoren stammen aus den Bereichen der kritischen Politik-, Sozial- und Erziehungswissenschaft, der Sozialpädagogik/Sozialen Arbeit sowie der polit...

  11. Elevated time-dependent strengthening rates observed in San Andreas Fault drilling samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikari, Matt J.; Carpenter, Brett M.; Vogt, Christoph; Kopf, Achim J.

    2016-09-01

    The central San Andreas Fault in California is known as a creeping fault, however recent studies have shown that it may be accumulating a slip deficit and thus its seismogenic potential should be seriously considered. We conducted laboratory friction experiments measuring time-dependent frictional strengthening (healing) on fault zone and wall rock samples recovered during drilling at the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD), located near the southern edge of the creeping section and in the direct vicinity of three repeating microearthquake clusters. We find that for hold times of up to 3000 s, frictional healing follows a log-linear dependence on hold time and that the healing rate is very low for a sample of the actively shearing fault core, consistent with previous results. However, considering longer hold times up to ∼350,000 s, the healing rate accelerates such that the data for all samples are better described by a power law relation. In general, samples having a higher content of phyllosilicate minerals exhibit low log-linear healing rates, and the notably clay-rich fault zone sample also exhibits strong power-law healing when longer hold times are included. Our data suggest that weak faults, such as the creeping section of the San Andreas Fault, can accumulate interseismic shear stress more rapidly than expected from previous friction data. Using the power-law dependence of frictional healing on hold time, calculations of recurrence interval and stress drop based on our data accurately match observations of discrete creep events and repeating Mw = 2 earthquakes on the San Andreas Fault.

  12. A Brief Study Of Characters In Andrea Hirata’s Novel Laskar Pelangi

    OpenAIRE

    Rizky Amalia

    2009-01-01

    Novel adalah sebuah karya satra manusia, novel terbagi atas dua bagian, yaitu fiksi (tidak nyata) dan non fiksi (nyata). Novel yang baik tidak hanya memberikan sebuah hiburan, tetapi juga memberikan kesan dan pesan yang baik kepada pembacanya. Laskar pelangi adalah sebuah novel best seller di Indonesia. Laskar Pelangi adalah sebuah novel non fiksi yang menarik, novel ini ditulis dengan sederhana oleh Andrea Hirata seorang putra Melayu Belitung. Novel in terdiri dari empat seri yaitu : Laskar ...

  13. 11th June 2009-Cyprus-Minister of Education and Culture H. E. Prof. Andreas Demetriou

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2009-01-01

    Tirage 1 :CERN Director-General, R. Heuer and Minister of Education and Culture, H. E. Prof. Andreas Demetriou; Tirage 2:Council President,T. Åkesson, Ecole Normale Supérieure,K. Kounnas, Chairman of the Cyprus CERN Committee,C. N. Papanicolas, R. Heuer,A. Demetriou, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Cyprus in Geneva,A. Hadjichrysanthou, Directorate Office,E. Tsesmelis

  14. Review Essay: Schwankende Gestalten drücken die Schulbank. Subjektanalyse im Anschluss an Andreas Reckwitz

    OpenAIRE

    Twardella, Johannes

    2009-01-01

    In his book "Subjectivity," Andreas RECKWITZ interprets the work of a series of structuralist and poststructuralist authors in relation to the analysis of subjectivity. In the following article I reconstruct this interpretation and attempt to critically analyze the empirical explanatory power of these authors. An excerpt from the school routine of a German class is used to show how these various "subject-theoretical analysis strategies" may lead to different, interesting, and insightful inter...

  15. Review Essay: Faltering Forms Go to School. Analysis of the Subject in Connection With Andreas Reckwitz

    OpenAIRE

    Twardella, Johannes

    2009-01-01

    In his book "Subjectivity," Andreas RECKWITZ interprets the work of a series of structuralist and poststructuralist authors in relation to the analysis of subjectivity. In the following article I reconstruct this interpretation and attempt to critically analyze the empirical explanatory power of these authors. An excerpt from the school routine of a German class is used to show how these various "subject-theoretical analysis strategies" may lead to different, interesting, and insightful inter...

  16. A case for historic joint rupture of the San Andreas and San Jacinto faults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozos, Julian C.

    2016-01-01

    The San Andreas fault is considered to be the primary plate boundary fault in southern California and the most likely fault to produce a major earthquake. I use dynamic rupture modeling to show that the San Jacinto fault is capable of rupturing along with the San Andreas in a single earthquake, and interpret these results along with existing paleoseismic data and historic damage reports to suggest that this has likely occurred in the historic past. In particular, I find that paleoseismic data and historic observations for the ~M7.5 earthquake of 8 December 1812 are best explained by a rupture that begins on the San Jacinto fault and propagates onto the San Andreas fault. This precedent carries the implications that similar joint ruptures are possible in the future and that the San Jacinto fault plays a more significant role in seismic hazard in southern California than previously considered. My work also shows how physics-based modeling can be used for interpreting paleoseismic data sets and understanding prehistoric fault behavior. PMID:27034977

  17. Bethe Ansatz for Supersymmetric Model Constructed from Uq[osp(2|2)(2)] R-Matrix

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Wen-Li; ZHEN Yi

    2001-01-01

    Using the algebraic Bethe ansatz method, we obtain the eigenvalues of transfer matrix of the supersymmetric model constructed from the R-matrix of the twisted affine superalgebra Uq[osp(2|2)(2)] in periodic boundary condition and twisted boundary condition.``

  18. A separable approach to the Bethe-Salpeter equation and its application to nucleon-nucleon scattering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bethe-Salpeter equation is solved in closed form with the help of a four dimensional separable 'potential'. For possible applications to three-nucleon investigations the authors have fitted all nucleon-nucleon S-wave phase shifts in a sufficient way by this method; in addition they also present an example for a P-wave. (Auth.)

  19. The Bethe-Salpeter Equation for the Imaginary Part of the Scattering Amplitude in the Ladder Approximation

    CERN Document Server

    Gadjiev, S A

    2001-01-01

    Scattering amplitude of fermions and bosons in the ladder approximation at high energies is investigated. For the imaginary part of the scattering amplitude the set of Bethe-Salpeter type integral equations is constructed. Solutions of this set in the Regge asymptotic form are found. The impact of mass parameters on the behavior of the amplitude at high energies is studied.

  20. Gaudin-type models, non-skew-symmetric classical r-matrices and nested Bethe ansatz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Skrypnyk

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available We consider quantum integrable systems associated with the Lie algebra gl(n and Cartan-invariant non-dynamical non-skew-symmetric classical r-matrices. We describe the sub-class of Cartan-invariant non-skew-symmetric r-matrices for which exists the standard procedure of the nested Bethe ansatz associated with the chain of embeddings gl(n⊃gl(n−1⊃gl(n−2⊃⋯⊃gl(1. We diagonalize the corresponding quantum integrable systems by its means. We illustrate the obtained results by the examples of the generalized Gaudin systems with and without external magnetic field associated with three classes of non-dynamical non-skew-symmetric classical r-matrices.

  1. Analysis of quantum spin models on hyperbolic lattices and Bethe lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniška, Michal; Gendiar, Andrej

    2016-04-01

    The quantum XY, Heisenberg, and transverse field Ising models on hyperbolic lattices are studied by means of the tensor product variational formulation algorithm. The lattices are constructed by tessellation of congruent polygons with coordination number equal to four. The calculated ground-state energies of the XY and Heisenberg models and the phase transition magnetic field of the Ising model on the series of lattices are used to estimate the corresponding quantities of the respective models on the Bethe lattice. The hyperbolic lattice geometry induces mean-field-like behavior of the models. The ambition to obtain results on the non-Euclidean lattice geometries has been motivated by theoretical studies of the anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence.

  2. Exact results for the spherical model with competing interactions on the Bethe lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pimpinelli, Alberto; Cassi, Davide

    1991-02-01

    We extend to next-nearest-neighbor (NNN) interactions a technique which allows the exact solution of the spherical model of Berlin and Kac on a general discrete geometrical structure (a graph). We give the solution when the graph is a Bethe lattice. The model shows collinear (ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic) long-range order at low temperature when NNN interactions favor the same order as nearest-neighbor ones, while it is disordered at any finite temperature when competition exceeds a critical value. For vanishing nearest-neighbor interaction the lattice decouples in two independent Cayley cacti; if the exchange on each sublattice is ferromagnetic, the model becomes ordered at a nonzero temperature, while antiferromagnetic exchange gives again disorder at any temperature.

  3. Bethe-Salpeter equation for non-self conjugate mesons in a power-law potential

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We develop an approach to the solution of the spinless Bethe-Salpeter equation for the different-mass case. Although the calculations are developed for spin-zero particles in any arbitrary spherically symmetric potential, the non-Coulombic effective power-law potential is used as a kernel to produce the spin-averaged bound states of the non-self-conjugate mesons. The analytical formulae are also applicable to the self-conjugate mesons in the equal-mass case. The flavor-independent case is investigated in this work. The calculations are carried out to the third-order correction of the energy series. Results are consistent with those obtained before. (author). 14 refs, 1 tab

  4. Mass of Y(3940) in Bethe-Salpeter equation for quarks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Xiaozhao [Shandong University of Science and Technology, Department of Foundational Courses, Taian (China); Lue, Xiaofu [Sichuan University, Department of Physics, Chengdu (China); The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Beijing (China); CCAST (World Laboratory), Beijing (China)

    2015-03-01

    The general form of the Bethe-Salpeter wave functions for the bound states composed of two vector fields of arbitrary spin and definite parity is corrected. Using the revised general formalism, we investigate the observed Y(3940) state, which is considered as a molecule state consisting of D{sup *0} anti D{sup *0}. Though the attractive potential between D{sup *0} and anti D{sup *0} including one light meson (σ, π, ω, ρ) exchange is considered, we find that in our approach the contribution from one-π exchange is equal to zero and consider SU(3) symmetry breaking. The obtained mass of Y(3940) is consistent with the experimental value. (orig.)

  5. Polymer models with competing collapse interactions on Husimi and Bethe lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pretti, M.

    2016-03-01

    In the framework of Husimi and Bethe lattices, we investigate a generalized polymer model that incorporates as special cases different models previously studied in the literature, namely, the standard interacting self-avoiding walk, the interacting self-avoiding trail, and the vertex-interacting self-avoiding walk. These models are characterized by different microscopic interactions, giving rise, in the two-dimensional case, to collapse transitions of an apparently different nature. We expect that our results, even though of a mean-field type, could provide some useful information to elucidate the role of such different θ points in the polymer phase diagram. These issues are at the core of a long-standing unresolved debate.

  6. Intriguin solutions of Bethe-Salpeter equation for radially excited pseudoscalar charmonia

    CERN Document Server

    Sauli, Vladimir

    2012-01-01

    When generalizing recent various quantum mechanical models of heavy quarkonia to Quantum Filed theoretical approach based on Bethe-Salpeter equation one is faced to the solutions that do not exist in nonrelativistic limit. Mainly, there is unexpected doubling of the spectrum when comparing to the experimentally known spectrum as well as the ones obtained from the solution of the Schroedinger equation. These additional states are not apriory unphysical as both of them have the same symmetry. Our study strongly suggests that these solutions appear due to the sensitivity of BSE to the details of the analytical form of the constituents quark and antiquark propagators, more specifically they are consequence of using unconfining free propagators. To show this explicitly we develop and describe the efficient method of the numerical solution for quarkonium BSE and numerically solve it for the case of pseudoscalar charmonia. For the bare propagators of constituents we are able to find BSE solution for arbitrarily high...

  7. Particle-hole symmetry in algebraic Bethe Ansatz for the XXX model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is well known that the space of all quantum states of the XXX model for a magnetic ring of N nodes, each with the spin 1/2, decomposes into sectors with r spin deviations, r = 0,1, 2,..., N [1, 2, 3, 4]. The sectors r and N - r are related mutually by the particle-hole transformation which exchanges the signs + and - on each node. We discuss here effects of this transformation on the formalism of algebraic Bethe Ansatz, in particular on the form of the monodromy matrix, the main tool of this formalism. We derive explicitly appropriate transformation rules for CN- orbits of magnetic configurations and the corresponding Fourier transformations within the bases of wavelets. In particular, we point out some important phase relations between orbits on both sides of the equator.

  8. Open spin chains with generic integrable boundaries: Baxter equation and Bethe ansatz completeness from SOV

    CERN Document Server

    Kitanine, N; Niccoli, G

    2014-01-01

    We solve the longstanding problem to define a functional characterization of the spectrum of the transfer matrix associated to the most general spin-1/2 representations of the 6-vertex reflection algebra for general inhomogeneous chains. The corresponding homogeneous limit reproduces the spectrum of the Hamiltonian of the spin-1/2 open XXZ and XXX quantum chains with the most general integrable boundaries. The spectrum is characterized by a second order finite difference functional equation of Baxter type with an inhomogeneous term which vanishes only for some special but yet interesting non-diagonal boundary conditions. This functional equation is shown to be equivalent to the known separation of variable (SOV) representation hence proving that it defines a complete characterization of the transfer matrix spectrum. The polynomial character of the Q-function allows us then to show that a finite system of equations of generalized Bethe type can be similarly used to describe the complete transfer matrix spectru...

  9. Correlation energy for the homogeneous electron gas: Exact Bethe-Salpeter solution and an approximate evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggio, Emanuele; Kresse, Georg

    2016-06-01

    The correlation energy of the homogeneous electron gas is evaluated by solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) beyond the Tamm-Dancoff approximation for the electronic polarization propagator. The BSE is expected to improve on the random-phase approximation, owing to the inclusion of exchange diagrams. For instance, since the BSE reduces in second order to Møller-Plesset perturbation theory, it is self-interaction free in second order. Results for the correlation energy are compared with quantum Monte Carlo benchmarks and excellent agreement is observed. For low densities, however, we find imaginary eigenmodes in the polarization propagator. To avoid the occurrence of imaginary eigenmodes, an approximation to the BSE kernel is proposed that allows us to completely remove this issue in the low-electron-density region. We refer to this approximation as the random-phase approximation with screened exchange (RPAsX). We show that this approximation even slightly improves upon the standard BSE kernel.

  10. On the extension of the Bethe-Weizsacker mass formula to light nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Basu, D N

    2004-01-01

    Some general features of the Bethe-Weizsacker mass formula recently extended to light nuclei and some new shell closures have been explored. Though this formula improves fits to the properties of light nuclei and it does seem to work well in reproducing the irregularities in the magic numbers found in that region, yet it is not well tuned for predicting finer details. The mass predictions have also been found to be less accurate compared to those by the macroscopic-microscopic calculations. It is concluded that such semi-empirical mass formulae can not be a substitute for more fundamental mass formulae having its origin based upon the basic nucleon-nucleon effective interaction.

  11. Analysis of quantum spin models on hyperbolic lattices and Bethe lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quantum XY, Heisenberg, and transverse field Ising models on hyperbolic lattices are studied by means of the tensor product variational formulation algorithm. The lattices are constructed by tessellation of congruent polygons with coordination number equal to four. The calculated ground-state energies of the XY and Heisenberg models and the phase transition magnetic field of the Ising model on the series of lattices are used to estimate the corresponding quantities of the respective models on the Bethe lattice. The hyperbolic lattice geometry induces mean-field-like behavior of the models. The ambition to obtain results on the non-Euclidean lattice geometries has been motivated by theoretical studies of the anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory correspondence. (paper)

  12. Network formed by movements of random walkers on a Bethe lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigate a stochastic model of network formation where short-cut edges are assumed to be created between vertices in traces of random walkers. The network initially starts from a tree-like structure (Bethe lattice) with a finite number of shells, and develops into a complex network with many circuits generated by the movement of random walkers. We show that the resulting network has a power-law in the degree distribution with an exponent smaller than 2, and demonstrate the robustness against attacks on hubs in the networks. While scale-free networks without a degree correlation are usually vulnerable to attacks on its hubs, the robustness of the network connectivity in this model comes from a self-similar structure of the network. It is interesting that a simple stochastic process like random walks can cause various structures widely seen in real networks on tree-like graphs which play an important role in the graph theory

  13. Born-Hartree-Bethe approximation in the theory of inelastic electron-molecule scattering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose a new approximation in the theory of inelastic electron-atom and electron-molecule scattering. Taking into account the completeness property of atomic and molecular wavefunctions, considered in the Hartree approximation, and using Bethe's parametrization for electronic excitations during inelastic collisions via the mean excitation energy, we show that the calculation of the inelastic total integral cross-sections (TICS), in the framework of the first Born approximation, involves only the ground-state wavefunction. The final analytical formula obtained for the TICS, i.e. for the sum of elastic and inelastic ones, contains no adjusting parameters. Calculated TICS for electron scattering by light atoms and molecules (He, Ne, and H2) are in good agreement within the experimental data; results show asymptotic coincidence for heavier ones (Ar, Kr, Xe and N2).

  14. How Inhomogeneous Site Percolation Works on Bethe Lattices: Theory and Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Jingli; Zhang, Liying; Siegmund, Stefan

    2016-03-01

    Inhomogeneous percolation, for its closer relationship with real-life, can be more useful and reasonable than homogeneous percolation to illustrate the critical phenomena and dynamical behaviour of complex networks. However, due to its intricacy, the theoretical framework of inhomogeneous percolation is far from being complete and many challenging problems are still open. In this paper, we first investigate inhomogeneous site percolation on Bethe Lattices with two occupation probabilities, and then extend the result to percolation with m occupation probabilities. The critical behaviour of this inhomogeneous percolation is shown clearly by formulating the percolation probability with given occupation probability p, the critical occupation probability , and the average cluster size where p is subject to . Moreover, using the above theory, we discuss in detail the diffusion behaviour of an infectious disease (SARS) and present specific disease-control strategies in consideration of groups with different infection probabilities.

  15. Crossover from droplet to flat initial conditions in the KPZ equation from the replica Bethe ansatz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Doussal, Pierre

    2014-04-01

    We show how our previous result based on the replica Bethe ansatz for the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation with the ‘half-flat’ initial condition leads to the Airy2 to Airy1 (i.e. GUE (Gaussian unitary ensemble) to GOE (Gaussian orthogonal ensemble)) universal crossover one-point height distribution in the limit of large time. It involves a ‘decoupling assumption’ in that limit, validated by the result. Equivalently, we obtain the distribution of the free energy of a long directed polymer (DP) in a random potential with one fixed endpoint and the other one on a half-line. We generalize to a DP when each endpoint is free on its own half-line. This yields, in the large time limit, a conjecture for the distribution of the maximum of the transition process Airy2→1 (minus a half-parabola) on a half-line.

  16. Crossover from droplet to flat initial conditions in the KPZ equation from the replica Bethe ansatz

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We show how our previous result based on the replica Bethe ansatz for the Kardar–Parisi–Zhang (KPZ) equation with the ‘half-flat’ initial condition leads to the Airy2 to Airy1 (i.e. GUE (Gaussian unitary ensemble) to GOE (Gaussian orthogonal ensemble)) universal crossover one-point height distribution in the limit of large time. It involves a ‘decoupling assumption’ in that limit, validated by the result. Equivalently, we obtain the distribution of the free energy of a long directed polymer (DP) in a random potential with one fixed endpoint and the other one on a half-line. We generalize to a DP when each endpoint is free on its own half-line. This yields, in the large time limit, a conjecture for the distribution of the maximum of the transition process Airy2→1 (minus a half-parabola) on a half-line. (paper)

  17. Theory of x-ray absorption: a Bethe-Salpeter approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirley, Eric L.

    2002-03-01

    First-principles calculations of x-ray absorption spectra of solids is a well-established field. The best known and most used treatments are probably those based on real-space multiple-scattering theory. Such Green's Function approaches are particular useful for incorporating electron damping effects (self-energy effects) that broaden spectral features at high electron kinetic energy. Near-edge structure can also be treated, and it can also be treated in super-cell calculations. In this talk, I will present results obtained using an alternative, reciprocal-space approach based on solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation, which is related to the Bethe-Salpeter method used to treat valence excitation signatures in optical absorption spectra. This amounts to solving the coupling equations of motion for the electron-core hole pair that is produced by x-ray absorption. Mutual localization of the electron and core hole in real space is realized by permitting the electron to exist as a wave-packet of Bloch states peaked near the core hole, governed by the excitation process and ensuing electron core-hole attraction. Because this approach permits state-of-the-art electron band structure calculations to be used to evaluate the electron wave function, this approach is particularly well suited for detailed near-edge structure. In presenting the approach and results obtained, particular attention is focused on (1) the role of the electron-hole interaction, (2) the need to deal with core-hole screening accurately, (3) the evaluation of accurate transition matrix elements between core states and Bloch states, and (4) computational-time scaling issues. This work has been done in collaboration with J.A. Soininen, J.J. Rehr, E.K. Chang, and others. This work was supported in part by the U.S. Deparment of Energy (DOE) Grant DE-FG03-97ER45623 and facilitated by the DOE Computational Materials Science Network (CMSN).

  18. Log-gamma directed polymer with fixed endpoints via the replica Bethe Ansatz

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study the model of a discrete directed polymer (DP) on a square lattice with homogeneous inverse gamma distribution of site random Boltzmann weights, introduced by Seppalainen (2012 Ann. Probab. 40 19–73). The integer moments of the partition sum, Zn-bar , are studied using a transfer matrix formulation, which appears as a generalization of the Lieb–Liniger quantum mechanics of bosons to discrete time and space. In the present case of the inverse gamma distribution the model is integrable in terms of a coordinate Bethe Ansatz, as discovered by Brunet. Using the Brunet-Bethe eigenstates we obtain an exact expression for the integer moments of Zn-bar for polymers of arbitrary lengths and fixed endpoint positions. Although these moments do not exist for all integer n, we are nevertheless able to construct a generating function which reproduces all existing integer moments and which takes the form of a Fredholm determinant (FD). This suggests an analytic continuation via a Mellin–Barnes transform and we thereby propose a FD ansatz representation for the probability distribution function (PDF) of Z and its Laplace transform. In the limit of a very long DP, this ansatz yields that the distribution of the free energy converges to the Gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE) Tracy-Widom distribution up to a non-trivial average and variance that we calculate. Our asymptotic predictions coincide with a result by Borodin et al (2013 Commun. Math. Phys. 324 215–32) based on a formula obtained by Corwin et al (2011 arXiv:1110.3489) using the geometric Robinson–Schensted–Knuth (gRSK) correspondence. In addition we obtain the dependence on the endpoint position and the exact elastic coefficient at a large time. We argue the equivalence between our formula and that of Borodin et al. As we will discuss, this provides a connection between quantum integrability and tropical combinatorics. (paper)

  19. Log-gamma directed polymer with fixed endpoints via the replica Bethe Ansatz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiery, Thimothée; Le Doussal, Pierre

    2014-10-01

    We study the model of a discrete directed polymer (DP) on a square lattice with homogeneous inverse gamma distribution of site random Boltzmann weights, introduced by Seppalainen (2012 Ann. Probab. 40 19-73). The integer moments of the partition sum, \\overline{Z^n} , are studied using a transfer matrix formulation, which appears as a generalization of the Lieb-Liniger quantum mechanics of bosons to discrete time and space. In the present case of the inverse gamma distribution the model is integrable in terms of a coordinate Bethe Ansatz, as discovered by Brunet. Using the Brunet-Bethe eigenstates we obtain an exact expression for the integer moments of \\overline{Z^n} for polymers of arbitrary lengths and fixed endpoint positions. Although these moments do not exist for all integer n, we are nevertheless able to construct a generating function which reproduces all existing integer moments and which takes the form of a Fredholm determinant (FD). This suggests an analytic continuation via a Mellin-Barnes transform and we thereby propose a FD ansatz representation for the probability distribution function (PDF) of Z and its Laplace transform. In the limit of a very long DP, this ansatz yields that the distribution of the free energy converges to the Gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE) Tracy-Widom distribution up to a non-trivial average and variance that we calculate. Our asymptotic predictions coincide with a result by Borodin et al (2013 Commun. Math. Phys. 324 215-32) based on a formula obtained by Corwin et al (2011 arXiv:1110.3489) using the geometric Robinson-Schensted-Knuth (gRSK) correspondence. In addition we obtain the dependence on the endpoint position and the exact elastic coefficient at a large time. We argue the equivalence between our formula and that of Borodin et al. As we will discuss, this provides a connection between quantum integrability and tropical combinatorics.

  20. Correlation between deep fluids, tremor and creep along the central San Andreas fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becken, M.; Ritter, O.; Bedrosian, P.A.; Weckmann, U.

    2011-01-01

    The seismicity pattern along the San Andreas fault near Parkfield and Cholame, California, varies distinctly over a length of only fifty kilometres. Within the brittle crust, the presence of frictionally weak minerals, fault-weakening high fluid pressures and chemical weakening are considered possible causes of an anomalously weak fault northwest of Parkfield. Non-volcanic tremor from lower-crustal and upper-mantle depths is most pronounced about thirty kilometres southeast of Parkfield and is thought to be associated with high pore-fluid pressures at depth. Here we present geophysical evidence of fluids migrating into the creeping section of the San Andreas fault that seem to originate in the region of the uppermost mantle that also stimulates tremor, and evidence that along-strike variations in tremor activity and amplitude are related to strength variations in the lower crust and upper mantle. Interconnected fluids can explain a deep zone of anomalously low electrical resistivity that has been imaged by magnetotelluric data southwest of the Parkfield-Cholame segment. Near Cholame, where fluids seem to be trapped below a high-resistivity cap, tremor concentrates adjacent to the inferred fluids within a mechanically strong zone of high resistivity. By contrast, subvertical zones of low resistivity breach the entire crust near the drill hole of the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth, northwest of Parkfield, and imply pathways for deep fluids into the eastern fault block, coincident with a mechanically weak crust and the lower tremor amplitudes in the lower crust. Fluid influx to the fault system is consistent with hypotheses of fault-weakening high fluid pressures in the brittle crust. ?? 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  1. The San Andreas Fault revisited through seismic-noise and surface-wave tomography

    OpenAIRE

    P. Roux; Wathelet, Marc; Roueff, A.

    2011-01-01

    We present here surface-wave tomography results for the San Andreas Fault in the Parkfield area, California, USA, that were extracted from microseismic noise in the 0.15 Hz to 0.35 Hz frequency band using passive seismic-correlation techniques. Using directive noise incoming from the Pacific Ocean, passive seismic-noise tomography was performed using three-component sensors from a dense seismic network. A rotation algorithm was applied to the nine-component noise-correlation tensor that optim...

  2. Peter Andreas Hansen und die astronomische Gemeinschaft - eine erste Auswertung des Hansen-Nachlasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarz, O.; Strumpf, M.

    The literary assets of Peter Andreas Hansen are deposited in the Staatsarchiv Hamburg, the Forschungs- und Landesbibliothek Gotha and the Thüringer Staatsarchiv Gotha. They were never systematically investigated. The authors present here some results of a first evaluation. It was possible to reconstruct the historical events with regard to the maintenance of the Astronomische Nachrichten and the Altona observatory in 1854. Hansen was a successful teacher for many young astronomers. His way of stimulating the evolution of astronomy followed Zach's tradition.

  3. Aseismic Slip Events along the Southern San Andreas Fault System Captured by Radar Interferometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vincent, P

    2001-10-01

    A seismic slip is observed along several faults in the Salton Sea and southernmost Landers rupture zone regions using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data spanning different time periods between 1992 and 1997. In the southernmost Landers rupture zone, projecting south from the Pinto Mountain Fault, sharp discontinuities in the interferometric phase are observed along the sub-parallel Burnt Mountain and Eureka Peak Faults beginning three months after the Landers earthquake and is interpreted to be post-Landers after-slip. Abrupt phase offsets are also seen along the two southernmost contiguous 11 km Durmid Hill and North Shore segments of the San Andreas Fault with an abrupt termination of slip near the northern end of the North Shore Segment. A sharp phase offset is seen across 20 km of the 30 km-long Superstition Hills Fault before phase decorrelation in the Imperial Valley along the southern 10 km of the fault prevents coherent imaging by InSAR. A time series of deformation interferograms suggest most of this slip occurred between 1993 and 1995 and none of it occurred between 1992 and 1993. A phase offset is also seen along a 5 km central segment of the Coyote Creek fault that forms a wedge with an adjoining northeast-southwest trending conjugate fault. Most of the slip observed on the southern San Andreas and Superstition Hills Faults occurred between 1993 and 1995--no slip is observed in the 92-93 interferograms. These slip events, especially the Burnt Mountain and Eureka Peak events, are inferred to be related to stress redistribution from the June, 1992 M{sub w} = 7.3 Landers earthquake. Best-fit elastic models of the San Andreas and Superstition Hills slip events suggest source mechanisms with seismic moments over three orders of magnitude larger than a maximum possible summation of seismic moments from all seismicity along each fault segment during the entire 4.8-year time interval spanned by the InSAR data. Aseismic moment releases of this

  4. Massless Lüscher terms and the limitations of the AdS3 asymptotic Bethe ansatz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, Michael C.; Aniceto, Inês

    2016-05-01

    In AdS5/CFT4 integrability the Bethe ansatz gives the spectrum of long strings, accurate up to exponentially small corrections. This is no longer true in three-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS3 ) space, as we demonstrate here by studying Lüscher F-terms with a massless particle running in the loop. We apply this to the classic test of Hernández and López, in which the s u (2 ) sector Bethe equations (including the one-loop dressing phase) should match the semiclassical string theory result for a circular spinning string. These calculations do not agree in AdS3×S3×T4 , and we show that the sum of all massless Lüscher F-terms can reproduce the difference.

  5. Role of loop activity in correlated percolation: results on a Husimi cactus and relationship with a Bethe lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider the problem of correlated percolation on a Husimi cactus, which allows finite loops of size l, to investigate the effects of loop formation on percolation properties. In particular, we calculate how the percolation threshold and the percolation probability depend on l and the loop activity n. We calculate the contribution and its dependence on l and n from finite and infinite clusters to all densities. We show that macroscopic loops are formed immediately after percolation, and we calculate their density dependence on l and n. We compare the results on Husimi cactus with those on a Bethe lattice. We finally establish that the Husimi cactus turns into a Bethe lattice as l→∞. (author)

  6. New Closed Expression of Interaction Kernel in Bethe-Salpeter Equation for Quark-Antiquark Bound States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The interaction kernel in the Bethe-Salpeter equation for quark-antiquark bound states is derived newly from QCD in the case where the quark and the antiquark are of different flavors. The technique of the derivation is the usage of the irreducible decomposition of the Green's functions involved in the Bethe-Salpeter equation satisfied by the quark-antiquark four-point Green's function. The interaction kernel derived is given a closed and explicit expression which shows a specific structure of the kernel since the kernel is represented in terms of the quark, antiquark and gluon propagators and some kinds of quark, antiquark and/or gluon three, four, five and six-point vertices. Therefore,the expression of the kernel is not only convenient for perturbative calculations, but also suitable for nonperturbative investigations.

  7. Bethe/Gauge correspondence in odd dimension: modular double, non-perturbative corrections and open topological strings

    CERN Document Server

    Sciarappa, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    Bethe/Gauge correspondence as it is usually stated is ill-defined in five dimensions and needs a "non-perturbative" completion; a related problem also appears in three dimensions. It has been suggested that this problem, probably due to incompleteness of Omega background regularization in odd dimension, may be solved if we consider gauge theory on compact $S^5$ and $S^3$ geometries. We will develop this idea further by giving a full Bethe/Gauge correspondence dictionary on $S^5$ and $S^3$ focussing mainly on the eigenfunctions of (open and closed) relativistic 2-particle Toda chain and its quantized spectral curve: these are most properly written in terms of non-perturbatively completed NS open topological strings. A key ingredient is Faddeev's modular double structure which is naturally implemented by the $S^5$ and $S^3$ geometries.

  8. Modified Bethe-Tait methods for analysis of the Hypothetical Core Disruptive Accidents in Liquid Metal Fast Reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The analytic method used in the evaluation of this type of supper-prompt critical core disruptive accident (CDA) in fast reactor was originally developed by Bethe and Tait in 1956, and had been modified by many authors since then. It is still of value today, because of its simplicity and relative ease to extend for improvements. It is particularly useful tp perform various parametric studies for better understanding of core disassembly process of LMFRs as well as to estimate upper-limit values of the energy release resulting from a power excursion. Moreover, the method would provide an essential experience and Knowledge base on the analysis of the hypothetical core disruptive accidents(HCDAs) in KALIMER. This report describes the concept and mathematical formations of the modified Bethe-Tait methods, and some salient results and insights that had come out of their use for the hypothetical supper-prompt critical accidents in fast reactors. (author)

  9. Bethe Ansatz and the Spectral Theory of affine Lie algebra--valued connections. The non simply--laced case

    CERN Document Server

    Masoero, Davide; Valeri, Daniele

    2015-01-01

    We assess the ODE/IM correspondence for the quantum $\\mathfrak{g}$-KdV model, for a non-simply laced Lie algebra $\\mathfrak{g}$. This is done by studying a meromorphic connection with values in the Langlands dual algebra of the affine Lie algebra ${\\mathfrak{g}}^{(1)}$, and constructing the relevant $\\Psi$-system among subdominant solutions. We then use the $\\Psi$-system to prove that the generalized spectral determinants satisfy the Bethe Ansatz equations of the quantum $\\mathfrak{g}$-KdV model. We also consider generalized Airy functions for twisted Kac--Moody algebras and we construct new explicit solutions to the Bethe Ansatz equations. The paper is a continuation of our previous work on the ODE/IM correspondence for simply-laced Lie algebras.

  10. The tensor analyzing power T20 in deuteron break-up reactions within the Bethe-Salpeter formalism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The deuteron tensor analyzing power T20 in the deuteron break-up reaction Dp → pX is calculated within a relativistic approach based on the Bethe-Salpeter equation with a realistic meson-exchange potential. Our results on T20 and the cross section are compared with experimental data and non-relativistic calculations and with the outcome of a relativization procedure of the deuteron wave function. (orig.)

  11. Bethe ansatz study of one-dimensional Bose and Fermi gases with periodic and hard wall boundary conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We extend the exact periodic Bethe ansatz solution for one-dimensional bosons and fermions with δ-interaction and arbitrary internal degrees of freedom to the case of hard wall boundary conditions. We give an analysis of the ground-state properties of fermionic systems with two internal degrees of freedom, including expansions of the ground-state energy in the weak and strong coupling limits

  12. Intertwining relations, asymmetric face model, and algebraic Bethe ansatz for SU{sub p,q}(2) invariant spin chain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choudhury, A.G.; Chowdhury, A.R. [Jadavpur Univ., Calcutta (India)

    1996-08-01

    Intertwining relations for the quantum R-matrix of the SU{sub p,q}(2) invariant spin chain are obtained and the corresponding face model is deduced. An important difference is seen to arise due to the asymmetry generated by the parameters p and q, which leads to a asymmetric face model. An algebraic Bethe ansatz is set up and solved with the help of these intertwining vectors.

  13. Bethe ansatz study of one-dimensional Bose and Fermi gases with periodic and hard wall boundary conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oelkers, N; Batchelor, M T; Bortz, M; Guan, X-W [Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering and Mathematical Sciences Institute, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2006-02-03

    We extend the exact periodic Bethe ansatz solution for one-dimensional bosons and fermions with {delta}-interaction and arbitrary internal degrees of freedom to the case of hard wall boundary conditions. We give an analysis of the ground-state properties of fermionic systems with two internal degrees of freedom, including expansions of the ground-state energy in the weak and strong coupling limits.

  14. Study of parent-child communication in joint-reading process according the investigation of Beth Ann Beschorner, foreign researcher

    OpenAIRE

    Maksimova A.A.

    2016-01-01

    The article presents the analysis carried out by Ph. D. Beth Ann Beschorner (University of Iowa, USA) which concerns the training program for parents aimed at teaching them how to arrange the Dialogic reading with their childrenand and which makes it possible to conclude that due to the experience and direct contact with the written language in preschool age the idea of literacy was being formed. The article compares the empirical data obtained independently in different areas of scientific k...

  15. A Bethe-Salpeter formulation of leptonic decays of vector mesons with a generalized Hqq-bar vertex function

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the general structure of leptonic decay constants of vector mesons is evaluated in the framework of Bethe-Salpeter Equation under Covariant Instantaneous Ansatz (CIA) with a modified structure of the Hqq-bar vertex function Γ which is generalized to include Dirac covariants other than the leading Dirac covariant γμ within its structure. The numerical values of fv in this CIA framework are calculated. (author)

  16. Bethe Ansatz and the Spectral Theory of Affine Lie Algebra-Valued Connections I. The simply-laced Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masoero, Davide; Raimondo, Andrea; Valeri, Daniele

    2016-06-01

    We study the ODE/IM correspondence for ODE associated to {widehat{mathfrak{g}}}-valued connections, for a simply-laced Lie algebra {mathfrak{g}}. We prove that subdominant solutions to the ODE defined in different fundamental representations satisfy a set of quadratic equations called {Ψ}-system. This allows us to show that the generalized spectral determinants satisfy the Bethe Ansatz equations.

  17. The LOCV method versus the fermion (hypernetted) chain approximations using the Bethe homework problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Modarres, M., E-mail: mmodares@ut.ac.ir [Physics Department, University of Tehran, North-Kargar Ave., 1439955961 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Tafrihi, A.; Hatami, A. [Physics Department, University of Tehran, North-Kargar Ave., 1439955961 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2012-04-01

    The neutron matter equation of states of the so-called Bethe homework problem (NMESB) is obtained using the (extended) lowest order constrained variational ((E) LOCV), the lowest order factorized Iwamoto-Yamada (LOF) and the Fermi (hypernetted) chain (FC (FHNC)) formalisms. The FC and the FHNC approximations are performed, using the LOCV or the ELOCV correlation function. It is shown that, if the normalization constraint is satisfied, then the NMESB results by using the LOCV, the ELOCV, the FC and the FHNC formalisms, will become close together and agree well with the corresponding FHNC calculations performed by Zabolitzky (Z) with the parameterized Krotscheck and Takahashi (KT) correlation function. It is also demonstrated that the LOF and the FC calculations, evaluated by employing a parameterized correlation function, are far from the above results, particularly at high densities. Finally, in order to test the convergence of LOF approximation, the two- and the three-body normalization factors are calculated and it is shown that in the LOF approximation, the truncation of cluster expansion after the first few leading terms is not reliable (which is well known as the Emery difficulty).

  18. The LOCV method versus the fermion (hypernetted) chain approximations using the Bethe homework problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The neutron matter equation of states of the so-called Bethe homework problem (NMESB) is obtained using the (extended) lowest order constrained variational ((E) LOCV), the lowest order factorized Iwamoto–Yamada (LOF) and the Fermi (hypernetted) chain (FC (FHNC)) formalisms. The FC and the FHNC approximations are performed, using the LOCV or the ELOCV correlation function. It is shown that, if the normalization constraint is satisfied, then the NMESB results by using the LOCV, the ELOCV, the FC and the FHNC formalisms, will become close together and agree well with the corresponding FHNC calculations performed by Zabolitzky (Z) with the parameterized Krotscheck and Takahashi (KT) correlation function. It is also demonstrated that the LOF and the FC calculations, evaluated by employing a parameterized correlation function, are far from the above results, particularly at high densities. Finally, in order to test the convergence of LOF approximation, the two- and the three-body normalization factors are calculated and it is shown that in the LOF approximation, the truncation of cluster expansion after the first few leading terms is not reliable (which is well known as the Emery difficulty).

  19. CCCP Algorithms to Minimize the Bethe free energy of 3-SAT Problem

    CERN Document Server

    Habibulla, Yusupjan

    2014-01-01

    The k-sat problem is a prototypical constraint satisfaction problem. There are many algorithms to study k-sat problem, BP algorithm is famous one of them. But BP algorithm does not converge when $\\alpha$(constraint density)is bigger than some threshold value. In this paper we use CCCP (Concave Convex Procedure) algorithm to study 3-sat problem and we get better results than BP algorithm that CCCP algorithm still converges when BP algorithm does not converge. Our work almost builds on recent results by Yuille \\cite{Yuille2002} who apply the CCCP algorithm to Bethe and Kikuchi free energies and obtained two algorithms on 2D and 3D spin glasses. Our implementation of CCCP algorithm on 3-sat problem is some different from his implementation and we have some different views about CCCP algorithm's some properties. Some difference of these maybe because of CCCP algorithm have different properties and implementation process on different problem and some others of these are related to the CCCP algorithm itself. Our wo...

  20. Solving the inhomogeneous Bethe-Salpeter equation in Minkowski space: the zero-energy limit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frederico, Tobias; Salmè, Giovanni; Viviani, Michele

    2015-08-01

    The inhomogeneous Bethe-Salpeter equation for an interacting system, composed of two massive scalars exchanging a massive scalar, is numerically investigated in the ladder approximation directly in Minkowski space, by using for the first time in the continuum an approach based on the Nakanishi integral representation. In this paper, the limiting case of zero-energy states is considered, thus extending an approach that has already been successfully applied to bound states. The numerical values of scattering lengths, are calculated for several values of the Yukawa coupling constant, by using two different integral equations that stem from the Nakanishi framework. Those low-energy observables are compared with (1) the analogous quantities recently obtained in literature, within a totally different framework, and (2) the non-relativistic evaluations, to illustrate the relevance of a nonperturbative, genuine field theoretical treatment in Minkowski space, even in the low-energy regime. Moreover, dynamical functions, like the Nakanishi weight functions and the distorted part of the zero-energy light-front wave functions are also presented. Interestingly, a highly non-trivial issue related to the abrupt change in the width of the support of the Nakanishi weight function, when the zero-energy limit is approached, is elucidated, ensuring a sound basis to the forthcoming evaluation of phase shifts.

  1. Solving the inhomogeneous Bethe-Salpeter equation in Minkowski space: the zero-energy limit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frederico, Tobias [Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, DCTA, Dept. de Fisica, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Salme, Giovanni [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma, Roma (Italy); Viviani, Michele [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa, Pisa (Italy)

    2015-08-15

    The inhomogeneous Bethe-Salpeter equation for an interacting system, composed of two massive scalars exchanging a massive scalar, is numerically investigated in the ladder approximation directly in Minkowski space, by using for the first time in the continuum an approach based on the Nakanishi integral representation. In this paper, the limiting case of zero-energy states is considered, thus extending an approach that has already been successfully applied to bound states. The numerical values of scattering lengths, are calculated for several values of the Yukawa coupling constant, by using two different integral equations that stem from the Nakanishi framework. Those low-energy observables are compared with (1) the analogous quantities recently obtained in literature, within a totally different framework, and (2) the non-relativistic evaluations, to illustrate the relevance of a nonperturbative, genuine field theoretical treatment in Minkowski space, even in the low-energy regime. Moreover, dynamical functions, like the Nakanishi weight functions and the distorted part of the zero-energy light-front wave functions are also presented. Interestingly, a highly non-trivial issue related to the abrupt change in the width of the support of the Nakanishi weight function, when the zero-energy limit is approached, is elucidated, ensuring a sound basis to the forthcoming evaluation of phase shifts. (orig.)

  2. Radiative decays in the Bethe-Salpeter equation with a static kernel and harmonic oscillator potential

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiative decay widths are calculated for the radiative decay processes observed experimentally in the charmonium system. The model uses a Bethe-Salpeter equation with a static kernel and harmonic oscillator potentials to model the c-anti c system. Each decay width is calculated for 21 different choices of the c-quark mass. The potential used was a linear combination of a vector coupled and a scalar coupled harmonic oscillator potential. The quark mass and the scalar to vector coupling ratio were determined by trying to fit simultaneously the psi'(3685) - psi(3095) mass difference, the psi(3095) → e+ + e-decay width and the 3P/sub J/ mass splittings. A single choice of the quark mass and scalar to vector coupling ratio could not simultaneously fit all these constraints. The best fit to these constraints occurred when the quark mass was 5.5 and the scalar to vector coupling ratio parameter was -0.16. The decay width calculations are shown graphically for values of the quark mass from 0.00 to 16 GeV. The decay widths were calculated two different ways: (1) using the matrix elements of the quark momentum; (2) using the matrix elements of the quark position. Most of the published calculations use method (2). The widths computed by methods (1) and (2) are quite different for all masses and all transitions implying that the usual method (2) give incorrect results, and the fits with experimental data are fortuitous

  3. Numerical Generalization of the Bethe-Weizs\\"{a}cker Mass Formula

    CERN Document Server

    Mavrodiev, S Cht

    2016-01-01

    Based on the AME2012 nuclear database and the semi-empirical mass formula of Bethe and von Weizs\\"{a}cker we formulated and solved the inverse problem for its numerical generalization in step by step way. The established parametrization describes the measured nuclear masses of 2564 isotopes with an accuracy better than 2.6 MeV, starting from the number of protons $Z=1$ and number of neutrons $N=1$. The set of parameters $\\{a_{i}\\}$, $i=1,\\dots, {N}_{\\rm{total}}$ of our fit represent the solution of an overdetermined system of algebraic equations, which represent equalities between the binding energy $E_{B}^{\\rm{Expt}}(A_{j},Z_{j})$ and its model $E_{B}^{\\rm{Th}}(A_{j},Z_{j},\\{a_{i}\\})$, where $j=1,\\dots,2564$. The solution of the overdetermined system of equations has been obtained with the help of the Aleksandrov's auto-regularization method of Gauss-Newton type for ill-posed problems (Dubna FORTRAN code REGN). The explicit form of unknown functions was discovered in a step-by-step way using the LCH procedur...

  4. Effects of the projectile electronic structure on Bethe-Bloch stopping parameters for Ag

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moussa, D.; Damache, S.; Ouichaoui, S.

    2010-06-01

    Energy losses of protons and alpha particles in silver have been accurately measured under the same experimental conditions over the velocity range E=(0.192-2.595) MeV/amu using the transmission method. Deduced S(E) stopping powers are compared to most accurate ones from the literature, to values generated by the SRIM-2008 computer code and to ICRU-49 compilation. They were analyzed in the framework of modified Bethe-Bloch theory for extracting Ag target mean excitation and ionization potential, I, and Barkas effect parameter, b. Values of ( 466±5) eV and 1.20±0.01 for these two parameters were inferred from the proton S(E) data while the alpha particle data yielded values of (438±4) eV and 1.38±0.01, respectively. The ( I, b) stopping parameters thus exhibit opposite variations as the projectile charge increases, similarly as we have found previously for nickel [6]. This can be ascribed only to an effect of the projectile electronic structure at low velocities. The obtained results are discussed in comparison to previous ones reported in the literature.

  5. Many-body-QED perturbation theory: Connection to the two-electron Bethe-Salpeter equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindgren, I.; Salomonson, S.; Hedendahl, D.

    2005-03-01

    The connection between many-body perturbation theory (MBPT) and quantum electrodynamics (QED) is reviewed for systems of two fermions in an external field. The treatment is mainly based on the recently developed covariant-evolution-operator method for QED calculations (I. Lindgren, S. Salomonson, and B. Asen. Phys. Rep. 389, 161 (2004)), which is quite similar in structure to MBPT. At the same time, this procedure is closely related to the S-matrix and Green's-function formalisms and can therefore serve as a bridge connecting various approaches. It is demonstrated that the MBPT-QED scheme, when carried to all orders, leads to a Schrodinger-like equation, equivalent to the Bethe-Salpeter (BS) equation. A Bloch equation in commutator form that can be used for an "extended" or quasi-degenerate model space is derived. This is a multi-state equation that has the same relation to the single-state BS equation as the standard Bloch equation has to the ordinary Schrodinger equation. It can be used to generate a perturbation expansion compatible with the BS equation even in the case of a quasi-degenerate model space.

  6. Quantum cohomology of the cotangent bundle of a flag variety as a Yangian Bethe algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorbounov, V.; Rimányi, R.; Tarasov, V.; Varchenko, A.

    2013-12-01

    We interpret the equivariant cohomology algebra HGLn×C∗∗(T∗F;C) of the cotangent bundle of a partial flag variety F parametrizing chains of subspaces 0=F0⊂F1⊂⋯⊂FN=Cn, dimFi/F=λi, as the Yangian Bethe algebra B∞({1}/{D}Vλ-) of the g-weight subspace {1}/{D}Vλ- of a Y(g)-module {1}/{D}V-. Under this identification the dynamical connection of Tarasov and Varchenko (2002) [12] turns into the quantum connection of Braverman et al. (2010) [4] and Maulik and Okounkov (2012) [5]. As a result of this identification we describe the algebra of quantum multiplication on HGLn×C∗∗(T∗F;C) as the algebra of functions on fibers of a discrete Wronski map. In particular this gives generators and relations of that algebra. This identification also gives us hypergeometric solutions of the associated quantum differential equation. That fact manifests the Landau-Ginzburg mirror symmetry for the cotangent bundle of the flag variety.

  7. Andreas Vesalius 500 years--A Renaissance that revolutionized cardiovascular knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesquita, Evandro Tinoco; Souza Júnior, Celso Vale de; Ferreira, Thiago Reigado

    2015-01-01

    The history of medicine and cardiology is marked by some geniuses who dared in thinking, research, teaching and transmitting scientific knowledge, and the Italian Andreas Vesalius one of these brilliant masters. His main scientific work "De Humani Corporis Fabrica" is not only a landmark study of human anatomy but also an artistic work of high aesthetic quality published in 1543. In the year 2014 we celebrated 500 years since the birth of the brilliant professor of Padua University, who with his courage and sense of observation changed the understanding of cardiovascular anatomy and founded a school to date in innovative education and research of anatomy. By identifying "the anatomical errors" present in Galen's book and speech, he challenged the dogmas of the Catholic Church, the academic world and the doctors of his time. However, the accuracy of his findings and his innovative way to disseminate them among his students and colleagues was essential so that his contributions are considered by many the landmark of modern medicine. His death is still surrounded by mysteries having different hypotheses, but a certainty, suffered sanctions of the Catholic Church for the spread of their ideas. The cardiologists, cardiovascular surgeons, interventional cardiologists, electrophysiologists and cardiovascular imaginologists must know the legacy of genius Andreas Vesalius that changed the paradigm of human anatomy. PMID:26107459

  8. Kuidas tõlkida Bourriaud' väljendit esthetique relationelle? / Heie Treier, Andreas Trossek, Elnara Taidre ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Prantsuse kunstikriitiku ja kuraatori Nicolas Bourriaud' 1990. aastate kunsti kohta käiva teoreetilise slogani tõlkimisest eesti keelde. Kinnises meiligrupis toimunud vestlusringis osalesid Heie Treier, Andreas Trossek, Elnara Taidre, Maarin Ektermann, Anders Härm ja Virve Sarapik

  9. Holocene Geologic Slip Rate for the Banning Strand of the Southern San Andreas Fault near San Gorgonio Pass, Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, P. O.; Behr, W. M.; Rood, D. H.; Kendrick, K. J.; Rockwell, T. K.; Sharp, W. D.

    2014-12-01

    We present the first Holocene geologic slip rate for the Banning strand of the southern San Andreas Fault in southern California. The southern San Andreas Fault splays into the sub-parallel Banning and Mission Creek strands in the northwestern Coachella Valley, and although it has long been surmised that the Banning strand eventually accommodates the majority of displacement and transfers it into San Gorgonio Pass, until now it has been uncertain how slip is actually partitioned between these two fault strands. Our new slip rate measurement, critically located at the northwestern end of the Banning strand, overlaps within errors with the published rate for the southern San Andreas Fault measured at Biskra Palms Oasis. This indicates that the majority of southern San Andreas Fault displacement transfers from the southeastern Mission Creek strand northwest to the Banning strand and into San Gorgonio Pass. Our result corroborates the UCERF3 hazard model, and is consistent with most previous interpretations of how slip is partitioned between the Banning and Mission Creek fault strands. To measure this slip rate, we used B4 airborne LiDAR to identify the apex of an alluvial fan offset laterally 30 ± 5 m from its source. We calculated the depositional age of the fan using 10Be in-situ cosmogenic exposure dating of 5 cobbles and a depth profile. We calculated a most probable fan age of 4.0 +2.0/-1.6 ka (1σ) by combining the inheritance-corrected cobble ages assuming Gaussian uncertainty. However, the probability density function yielded a multi-peaked distribution, which we attribute to variable 10Be inheritance in the cobbles, so we favor the depth profile age of 2.2-3.6 ka. Combined, these measurements yield a late Holocene slip rate for the Banning strand of the southern San Andreas Fault of 11.1 +3.1/-3.3 mm/yr. This slip rate does not preclude possibility that some slip transfers north along the Mission Creek strand and the Garnet Hill fault, but it does confirm

  10. Hans A. Bethe Prize: Neutron Stars and Core-Collapse Supernovae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lattimer, James

    2015-04-01

    Core-collapse supernovae lead to the formation of neutron stars, and both are sensitive to the dense matter equation of state. Hans Bethe first recognized that the matter in the collapsing core of a massive star has a relatively low entropy which prevents nuclear dissociation until nuclei merge near the nuclear saturation density. This recognition means that collapse continues until the core exceeds the saturation density. This prediction forms the foundation for modern simulations of supernovae. These supernovae sample matter up to about twice nuclear saturation density, but neutron stars are sensitive to the equation of state both near the saturation density and at several times higher densities. Two important recent developments are the discovery of two-solar mass neutron stars and refined experimental determinations of the behavior of the symmetry energy of nuclear matter near the saturation density. Combined with the assumption of causality, they imply that the radii of observed neutron stars are largely independent of their mass, and that this radius is in the range of 11 to 13 km. These theoretical results are not only consistent with expectations from theoretical studies of pure neutron matter, but also accumulated observations of both bursting and cooling neutron stars. In the near future, new pulsar timing data, which could lead to larger measured masses as well as measurements of moments of inertia, X-ray observations, such as from NICER, of bursting and other sources, and gravitational wave observations of neutron stars in merging compact binaries, will provide important new constraints on neutron stars and the dense matter equation of state. DOE DE-FG02-87ER-40317.

  11. A generalized Bethe-Weizsaecker mass formula for strange hadronic matter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Bethe-Weizsaecker nuclear mass formula is extended to strange hadronic matter composed of nucleons, lambdas and cascade hyperons. The generalized formula contains several volume and symmetry terms constrained by phenomenologically determined λ-nuclear, ξ-nuclear and λλ interaction parameters and by hyperon-hyperon (λλ, λξ, ξξ) interaction parameters suggested by One-Boson-Exchange models. We find that hypernuclei are generally unstable to λλ → ξN conversion. For strange hadronic matter, as function of the baryon number A, the line of strong-interaction stability, along which a large strangeness fraction |S|/A ∼ 0.5 - 1.1 and a low charge fraction q/A approx-lt 0.2 hold, and no fission occurs, is determined. The binding energy per baryon increases monotonically to its bulk limit, B/A → 38 MeV, |S|/A → 1.1 and q/A → 0 for the parameters adopted here assuming that the hyperon species saturate at densities similar to those of protons and neutrons in nuclei. Even in the extreme limit of vanishingly small hyperon-hyperon interaction strengths, strange hadronic matter with B/A → 15 MeV, |S|/A → 0.7 and q/A → 0 in the bulk limit should exist; the mass formula reproduces semi-quantitatively recent mean-field calculations which implicitly assumed weak hyperon-hyperon interactions

  12. Simple polynomial approximation to modified Bethe formula low-energy electron stopping powers data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A recently published detailed and exhaustive paper on cross-sections for ionisation induced by keV electrons clearly shows that electron phenomena occurring in parallel with X-ray processes may have been dramatically overlooked for many years, mainly when low atomic number species are involved since, in these cases, the fluorescence coefficient is smaller than the Auger yield. An immediate problem is encountered while attempting to tackle the issue. Accounting for electron phenomena requires the knowledge of the stopping power of electrons within, at least, a reasonably small error. Still, the Bethe formula for stopping powers is known to not be valid for electron energies below 30 keV, and its use leads to values far off experimental ones. Recently, a few authors have addressed this problem and both detailed tables of electron stopping powers for various atomic species and attempts to simplify the calculations, have emerged. Nevertheless, its implementation in software routines to efficiently calculate keV electron effects in materials quickly becomes a bit cumbersome. Following a procedure already used to establish efficient methods to calculate ionisation cross-sections by protons and alpha particles, it became clear that a simple polynomial approximation could be set, which allows retrieving the electronic stopping powers with errors of less than 20% for energies above 500 eV and less than 50% for energies between 50 eV and 500 eV. In this work, we present this approximation which, based on just six parameters, allows to recover electron stopping power values that are less than 20% different from recently published experimentally validated tabulated data

  13. Andreas Vesalius' 500th Anniversary: Initiation of the Superficial Facial System and Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System Concepts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinkman, Romy J; Hage, J Joris

    2016-02-01

    Because of their relevance for liposuction and rhytidectomies, respectively, the superficial fascial system (SFS) and superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) have been thoroughly studied over the past decennia. Although it is well known that the SMAS concept was introduced by Tessier in 1974, it remains unknown who first properly described the stratum membranosum of the SFS. In light of the 500th birthday of Andreas Vesalius (1515-1564), we searched his 1543 masterwork De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem and related work for references to these structures. We found ample reference to both structures as the membrana carnosa (or fleshy membrane) in his works and concluded that Vesalius recognized the extension, nature, and functions of the stratum membranosum of the SFS, as well as its more musculous differentiation as the SMAS in the head and neck area, and the dartos in the perineogenital area. In doing so, Vesalius recorded most details of the SFS and SMAS concepts avant la lettre. PMID:26761152

  14. Andreas Vesalius as a renaissance innovative neuroanatomist: his 5th centenary of birth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleide da Mota Gomes

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564 is considered the Father of Modern Anatomy, and an authentic representative of the Renaissance. His studies, founded on dissection of human bodies, differed from Galeno, who based his work on dissection of animals, constituted a notable scientific advance. Putting together science and art, Vesalius associated himself to artists of the Renaissance, and valued the images of the human body in his superb work De Humani Corporis Fabrica.This paper aims to honor this extraordinary European Renaissance physician and anatomist, who used aesthetic appeal to bind text and illustration, science and art. His achievements are highlighted, with an especial attention on neuroanatomy. Aspects about his personal life and career are also focused.

  15. Un nome per il copista del più antico frammento della Divina Commedia: Andrea Lancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renzo Iacobucci

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The ff. 127-128 of the manuscript Conventi Soppressi H. 8. 1012, preserved at the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale of Firenze, contain a fragment of the Dante’s Inferno. This study aims at attributing this script to Andrea Lancia’s hand, notary, translator of classics, scribe and annotator of the Divine Comedy, through a comparison with the documents and the books written by the same Lancia. In particular, the script of the fragment shows a perceptible similarity with that of the documents produced between 1314 and 1315 and the handwriting of the ms. C. III. 25 of the Biblioteca Comunale degli Intronati of Siena, datable within 1320. Therefore, this datum really opens the way to an hypothesis whereby the fragment could be written while Dante was still alive, as Teresa De Robertis carefully presumed.

  16. Holocene geologic slip rate for the Banning strand of the southern San Andreas Fault, southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, Peter O.; Behr, Whitney M.; Rood, Dylan; Sharp, Warren D.; Rockwell, Thomas; Kendrick, Katherine J.; Salin, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    Northwest directed slip from the southern San Andreas Fault is transferred to the Mission Creek, Banning, and Garnet Hill fault strands in the northwestern Coachella Valley. How slip is partitioned between these three faults is critical to southern California seismic hazard estimates but is poorly understood. In this paper, we report the first slip rate measured for the Banning fault strand. We constrain the depositional age of an alluvial fan offset 25 ± 5 m from its source by the Banning strand to between 5.1 ± 0.4 ka (95% confidence interval (CI)) and 6.4 + 3.7/−2.1 ka (95% CI) using U-series dating of pedogenic carbonate clast coatings and 10Be cosmogenic nuclide exposure dating of surface clasts. We calculate a Holocene geologic slip rate for the Banning strand of 3.9 + 2.3/−1.6 mm/yr (median, 95% CI) to 4.9 + 1.0/−0.9 mm/yr (median, 95% CI). This rate represents only 25–35% of the total slip accommodated by this section of the southern San Andreas Fault, suggesting a model in which slip is less concentrated on the Banning strand than previously thought. In rejecting the possibility that the Banning strand is the dominant structure, our results highlight an even greater need for slip rate and paleoseismic measurements along faults in the northwestern Coachella Valley in order to test the validity of current earthquake hazard models. In addition, our comparison of ages measured with U-series and 10Be exposure dating demonstrates the importance of using multiple geochronometers when estimating the depositional age of alluvial landforms.

  17. All-electron Bethe-Salpeter calculations for shallow-core x-ray absorption near-edge structures

    OpenAIRE

    Olovsson, W.; Tanaka, I.; Mizoguchi, T.; Puschnig, P.; Ambrosch-Draxl, C.

    2009-01-01

    X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectra are calculated by fully solving the electron/core-hole Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) in an all-electron framework. We study transitions from shallow core states, including the Mg L2,3 edge in MgO, the Li K edge in the Li halides LiF, LiCl, LiBr, and LiI, as well as Li2O. We illustrate the advantage of the many-body approach over a core-hole supercell calculation. Both schemes lead to strongly bound excitons, but the nonlocal treatment of the electr...

  18. Separable Kernel of Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction in the Bethe-Salpeter Approach for J=0,1

    CERN Document Server

    Bondarenko, S G; Hamamoto, N; Hosaka, Y; Manabe, Y; Toki, H

    2003-01-01

    The solution for the nucleon-nucleon T matrix in the framework of the covariant Bethe-Salpeter approach for a two spin-one-half particle system with a separable kernel of interaction is analyzed. The explicit analytical connection between parameters of the separable kernel and low energy scattering parameters, deuteron binding energy and phase shifts is established.Covariant separable kernels for positive-energy partial channels with total angular momentum J=0 (1S0+, 3P0+) and J=1 (3S1+-3D1+, 1P1+, 3P1+) are constructed by using obtained relations.

  19. Hadron-hadron interactions from imaginary-time Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter wave function on the lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Imaginary-time Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter (NBS) wave function is introduced to extend our previous approach for hadron-hadron interactions on the lattice. Scattering states of hadrons with different energies encoded in the NBS wave function are utilized to extract non-local hadron-hadron potential. “The ground state saturation”, which is commonly used in lattice QCD but is hard to be achieved for multi-baryons, is not required. We demonstrate that the present method works efficiently for the nucleon-nucleon interaction (the potential and the phase shift) in the 1S0 channel.

  20. Hadron-hadron interactions from imaginary-time Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter wave function on the lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishii, Noriyoshi, E-mail: ishii@ribf.riken.jp [Kobe Branch, Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba, in RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS), Portisland, Kobe 650-0047 (Japan); Aoki, Sinya [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8571 (Japan); Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan); Doi, Takumi [Theoretical Research Division, Nishina Center, RIKEN, Wako 351-0198 (Japan); Hatsuda, Tetsuo [Theoretical Research Division, Nishina Center, RIKEN, Wako 351-0198 (Japan); Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Ikeda, Yoichi [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Inoue, Takashi [Nihon University, College of Bioresource Sciences, Fujisawa 252-0880 (Japan); Murano, Keiko [Theoretical Research Division, Nishina Center, RIKEN, Wako 351-0198 (Japan); Nemura, Hidekatsu; Sasaki, Kenji [Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan)

    2012-06-12

    Imaginary-time Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter (NBS) wave function is introduced to extend our previous approach for hadron-hadron interactions on the lattice. Scattering states of hadrons with different energies encoded in the NBS wave function are utilized to extract non-local hadron-hadron potential. 'The ground state saturation', which is commonly used in lattice QCD but is hard to be achieved for multi-baryons, is not required. We demonstrate that the present method works efficiently for the nucleon-nucleon interaction (the potential and the phase shift) in the {sup 1}S{sub 0} channel.

  1. Hadron-Hadron Interactions from Imaginary-time Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter Wave Function on the Lattice

    CERN Document Server

    Ishii, Noriyoshi; Doi, Takumi; Hatsuda, Tetsuo; Ikeda, Yoichi; Inoue, Takashi; Murano, Keiko; Nemura, Hidekatsu; Sasaki, Kenji

    2012-01-01

    Imaginary-time Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter (NBS) wave function is introduced to extend our previous approach for hadron-hadron interactions on the lattice. Scattering states of hadrons with different energies encoded in the NBS wave-function are utilized to extract non-local hadron-hadron potential. "The ground state saturation", which is commonly used in lattice QCD but is hard to be achieved for multi-baryons, is not required. We demonstrate that the present method works efficiently for the nucleon-nucleon interaction (the potential and the phase shift) in the 1S_0 channel.

  2. Improvements of the Bethe stopping power theory and their application to problems involving radiation in the environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinky, Hussein Mohammed

    The latest advances in radiation oncology emphasizes the importance of the theory of energy loss of charged particles through matter. Since the development of the Bethe-Bloch stopping power for heavy charged incident particles in 1930, many corrections have been proposed to improve this equation's theoretical approximation. The region of applicability of this formula, with respect to the velocity and the charge of the incident particle as well as the characteristics of the target, is restricted by the validity of the approximation adopted. One of the major unsolved problems is the relativistic treatment of the inner-shell electrons for medium and heavy target elements. The stopping power theory treats atomic electrons non-relativistically for these targets which put serious limitation on the theory because the basic sum rules on which the theory relies are not amenable to vigorous relativistic generalization as pointed out by Fano. To solve this problem we assume completeness by employing the Dirac Hamiltonian, and then present a semi-relativistic approach to order v 2/c2 following the Foldy-Wouthuysen-Transformation (FWT) to exclude the contributions from the negative-energy states. To establish this goal we developed a very elegant, practical, and accurate step-by-step procedure using Baker-Hausdroff Lemma to do the FWT to any desired order for any functions of coordinate or momentum operator, or to any entire functions of both coordinate and momentum operators. We applied this procedure to general function of position where the result is then applied to find the TRK and Bethe sum rules by using semirelativistic Hamiltonian. This procedure can be used to find any desired sum rule by doing more computation relations of the transformed Hamiltonian of the system with the transformed function of position. For example, Sk sum rule will require k times commutation relations to be calculated. The resulting Bethe sum rule relativistic correction is then used to find the

  3. Lorentz contraction of the equal-time Bethe-Salpeter amplitude in two-dimensional massless quantum electrodynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radozycki, Tomasz [Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, College of Sciences, Warsaw (Poland)

    2015-09-15

    The Lorentz transformation properties of the equal-time bound-state Bethe-Salpeter amplitude in the two-dimensional massless quantum electrodynamics (the so-called Schwinger model) are considered. It is shown that while boosting a bound state (a 'meson') this amplitude is subject to approximate Lorentz contraction. The effect is exact for large separations of constituent particles ('quarks'), while for small distances the deviation is more significant. For this phenomenon to appear, the full function, i.e. with the inclusion of all instanton contributions, has to be considered. The amplitude in each separate topological sector does not exhibit such properties. (orig.)

  4. Web-based description of the space radiation environment using the Bethe-Bloch model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cazzola, Emanuele; Calders, Stijn; Lapenta, Giovanni

    2016-01-01

    Space weather is a rapidly growing area of research not only in scientific and engineering applications but also in physics education and in the interest of the public. We focus especially on space radiation and its impact on space exploration. The topic is highly interdisciplinary, bringing together fundamental concepts of nuclear physics with aspects of radiation protection and space science. We give a new approach to presenting the topic by developing a web-based application that combines some of the fundamental concepts from these two fields into a single tool that can be used in the context of advanced secondary or undergraduate university education. We present DREADCode, an outreach or teaching tool to rapidly assess the current conditions of the radiation field in space. DREADCode uses the available data feeds from a number of ongoing space missions (ACE, GOES-13, GOES-15) to produce a first order approximation of the radiation dose an astronaut would receive during a mission of exploration in deep space (i.e. far from the Earth’s shielding magnetic field and from the radiation belts). DREADCode is based on an easy-to-use GUI interface available online from the European Space Weather Portal (www.spaceweather.eu/dreadcode). The core of the radiation transport computation to produce the radiation dose from the observed fluence of radiation observed by the spacecraft fleet considered is based on a relatively simple approximation: the Bethe-Bloch equation. DREADCode also assumes a simplified geometry and material configuration for the shields used to compute the dose. The approach is approximate and sacrifices some important physics on the altar of rapid execution time, which allows a real-time operation scenario. There is no intention here to produce an operational tool for use in space science and engineering. Rather, we present an educational tool at undergraduate level that uses modern web-based and programming methods to learn some of the most important

  5. Range-separated time-dependent density-functional theory with a frequency-dependent second-order Bethe-Salpeter correlation kernel

    CERN Document Server

    Rebolini, Elisa

    2015-01-01

    We present a range-separated linear-response time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) which combines a density-functional approximation for the short-range response kernel and a frequency-dependent second-order Bethe-Salpeter approximation for the long-range response kernel. This approach goes beyond the adiabatic approximation usually used in linear-response TDDFT and aims at improving the accuracy of calculations of electronic excitation energies of molecular systems. A detailed derivation of the frequency-dependent second-order Bethe-Salpeter correlation kernel is given using many-body Green-function theory. Preliminary tests of this range-separated TDDFT method are presented for the calculation of excitation energies of four small molecules: N2, CO2, H2CO, and C2H4. The results suggest that the addition of the long-range second-order Bethe-Salpeter correlation kernel overall slightly improves the excitation energies.

  6. Cradle of the Earthquake: Exploring the Underwater San Andreas Fault on the R/V Pacific Storm and the SRV Derek M. Baylis between 20100910 and 20101003

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Over one hundred years after the devastating Great 1906 Earthquake that nearly destroyed San Francisco, this expedition explored the Northern San Andreas Fault, the...

  7. Algebraic Bethe ansätze and eigenvalue-based determinants for Dicke–Jaynes–Cummings–Gaudin quantum integrable models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, we construct an alternative formulation to the traditional algebraic Bethe ansätze for quantum integrable models derived from a generalized rational Gaudin algebra realized in terms of a collection of spins 1/2 coupled to a single bosonic mode. The ensemble of resulting models which we call Dicke–Jaynes–Cummings–Gaudin models are particularly relevant for the description of light–matter interaction in the context of quantum optics. Having two distinct ways to write any eigenstate of these models we then combine them in order to write overlaps and form factors of local operators in terms of partition functions with domain wall boundary conditions. We also demonstrate that they can all be written in terms of determinants of matrices whose entries only depend on the eigenvalues of the conserved charges. Since these eigenvalues obey a much simpler set of quadratic Bethe equations, the resulting expressions could then offer important simplifications for the numerical treatment of these models. (paper)

  8. BETRT - a procedure to evaluate the cross section for electron-hydrogen collisions in the Bethe approximation to the reactance matrix

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The program presented here is restricted to the electron-hydrogen problem; however it is trivial to modify for use with any target which can be represented as a single electron outside a closed shell further many of the subroutines can be equally well applied to the scattering of an electron from any neutral system. Given the channel analysis the Bethe Reactance matrix elements are calculated for the specified L-range LMIN.LE.L.LE.LMAX, unitarised cross sections produced and the Burgess sum rules applied to calculate the cross sections in the weak coupling Bethe approximation for L.GE.LMAX. (orig./HSI)

  9. Constraints on the stress state of the San Andreas Fault with analysis based on core and cuttings from San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) drilling phases 1 and 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tembe, S.; Lockner, D.; Wong, T.-F.

    2009-01-01

    Analysis of field data has led different investigators to conclude that the San Andreas Fault (SAF) has either anomalously low frictional sliding strength (?? 0.6). Arguments for the apparent weakness of the SAF generally hinge on conceptual models involving intrinsically weak gouge or elevated pore pressure within the fault zone. Some models assert that weak gouge and/or high pore pressure exist under static conditions while others consider strength loss or fluid pressure increase due to rapid coseismic fault slip. The present paper is composed of three parts. First, we develop generalized equations, based on and consistent with the Rice (1992) fault zone model to relate stress orientation and magnitude to depth-dependent coefficient of friction and pore pressure. Second, we present temperature-and pressure-dependent friction measurements from wet illite-rich fault gouge extracted from San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) phase 1 core samples and from weak minerals associated with the San Andreas Fault. Third, we reevaluate the state of stress on the San Andreas Fault in light of new constraints imposed by SAFOD borehole data. Pure talc (?????0.1) had the lowest strength considered and was sufficiently weak to satisfy weak fault heat flow and stress orientation constraints with hydrostatic pore pressure. Other fault gouges showed a systematic increase in strength with increasing temperature and pressure. In this case, heat flow and stress orientation constraints would require elevated pore pressure and, in some cases, fault zone pore pressure in excess of vertical stress. Copyright 2009 by the American Geophysical Union.

  10. Response of deformation patterns to reorganizations of the southern San Andreas fault system since ca. 1.5 Ma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooke, M. L.; Fattaruso, L.; Dorsey, R. J.; Housen, B. A.

    2015-12-01

    Between ~1.5 and 1.1 Ma, the southern San Andreas fault system underwent a major reorganization that included initiation of the San Jacinto fault and termination of slip on the extensional West Salton detachment fault. The southern San Andreas fault itself has also evolved since this time, with several shifts in activity among fault strands within San Gorgonio Pass. We use three-dimensional mechanical Boundary Element Method models to investigate the impact of these changes to the fault network on deformation patterns. A series of snapshot models of the succession of active fault geometries explore the role of fault interaction and tectonic loading in abandonment of the West Salton detachment fault, initiation of the San Jacinto fault, and shifts in activity of the San Andreas fault. Interpreted changes to uplift patterns are well matched by model results. These results support the idea that growth of the San Jacinto fault led to increased uplift rates in the San Gabriel Mountains and decreased uplift rates in the San Bernardino Mountains. Comparison of model results for vertical axis rotation to data from paleomagnetic studies reveals a good match to local rotation patterns in the Mecca Hills and Borrego Badlands. We explore the mechanical efficiency at each step in the evolution, and find an overall trend toward increased efficiency through time. Strain energy density patterns are used to identify regions of off-fault deformation and potential incipient faulting. These patterns support the notion of north-to-south propagation of the San Jacinto fault during its initiation. The results of the present-day model are compared with microseismicity focal mechanisms to provide additional insight into the patterns of off-fault deformation within the southern San Andreas fault system.

  11. The Inheritance and Challenge of Black British Fiction Thematic Tradition Presented in Andrea Levy’s Small Island

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓玉婷

    2015-01-01

    Small Island,a turning point in the writing career of Andrea Levy,was finished in a time span of four and a half years and was awarded the 2004 Whitbread Novel Award,the 2004 Orange Prize for fiction,the 2005 Commonwealth Writers’Prize and the Best of the Best Orange Prize.Small Island probes into the meaning of the Black British’s

  12. Paleoseismic Studies of the Peninsula San Andreas Fault near Crystal Springs Reservoir, Woodside, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prentice, C. S.; Zachariasen, J. A.; Kozaci, O.; Clahan, K.; Sickler, R. R.; Rosa, C. M.; Hassett, W.; Feigelson, L.; Haproff, P. J.; DeLong, S.; Perkins, A.; Brooks, B. A.; Delano, J.; Baldwin, J. N.

    2013-12-01

    The Peninsula section of the San Andreas Fault (SAFP) is within 10 km of downtown San Francisco, making it among the most significant contributors to seismic hazard in the San Francisco Bay area. However, the history of earthquakes along this fault is poorly known. The most recent ground-rupturing earthquake occurred in 1906, but the ages of earlier earthquakes associated with surface rupture on this fault segment remain uncertain. Most researchers assume that the historically documented earthquake in 1838 occurred on the SAFP, but no definitive evidence of surface rupture at that time has been found. South of Crystal Springs Reservoir, the San Andreas Fault zone is expressed as a prominent fault scarp that is cut back in several locations by recent fluvial processes. At our Crystal Springs South (CSS) trench site, the fault is expressed as a low scarp with no other surface expression to suggest additional young fault traces. Excavations at this site revealed two distinct sets of faults, a younger set of faults that extend nearly to the modern ground surface that we assume represent the 1906 surface rupture, and an older set of faults that terminate lower in the stratigraphic section and are overlain by a scarp-derived colluvial deposit. Radiocarbon dating constrains the age of this older earthquake to 830-930 Cal. years BP. We determined that a buried channel deposit that dates to 790-960 Cal. years BP is displaced approximately 6-7m across both sets of faults. The closest 1906 offset measurement was made about 11 km northwest of this site, and is about 2.9m. Therefore our measurement of 6-7m of offset on the buried channel deposit at the CSS site could represent slip from 1906 and only one previous event comparable in size to the 1906 earthquake. The surprisingly old age of the earlier earthquake raises concerns that one or both of the event horizons exposed at the CSS site could represent multiple earthquakes. We therefore excavated an exploratory trench about 0

  13. Low-altitude aerial color digital photographic survey of the San Andreas Fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, David K.; Hudnut, Kenneth W.; Dearborn, David S.P.

    2010-01-01

    Ever since 1858, when Gaspard-Félix Tournachon (pen name Félix Nadar) took the first aerial photograph (Professional Aerial Photographers Association 2009), the scientific value and popular appeal of such pictures have been widely recognized. Indeed, Nadar patented the idea of using aerial photographs in mapmaking and surveying. Since then, aerial imagery has flourished, eventually making the leap to space and to wavelengths outside the visible range. Yet until recently, the availability of such surveys has been limited to technical organizations with significant resources. Geolocation required extensive time and equipment, and distribution was costly and slow. While these situations still plague older surveys, modern digital photography and lidar systems acquire well-calibrated and easily shared imagery, although expensive, platform-specific software is sometimes still needed to manage and analyze the data. With current consumer-level electronics (cameras and computers) and broadband internet access, acquisition and distribution of large imaging data sets are now possible for virtually anyone. In this paper we demonstrate a simple, low-cost means of obtaining useful aerial imagery by reporting two new, high-resolution, low-cost, color digital photographic surveys of selected portions of the San Andreas fault in California. All pictures are in standard jpeg format. The first set of imagery covers a 92-km-long section of the fault in Kern and San Luis Obispo counties and includes the entire Carrizo Plain. The second covers the region from Lake of the Woods to Cajon Pass in Kern, Los Angeles, and San Bernardino counties (151 km) and includes Lone Pine Canyon soon after the ground was largely denuded by the Sheep Fire of October 2009. The first survey produced a total of 1,454 oblique digital photographs (4,288 x 2,848 pixels, average 6 Mb each) and the second produced 3,762 nadir images from an elevation of approximately 150 m above ground level (AGL) on the

  14. Examining the Evolution of the Peninsula Segment of the San Andreas Fault, Northern California, Using a 4-D Geologic Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horsman, E.; Graymer, R. W.; McLaughlin, R. J.; Jachens, R. C.; Scheirer, D. S.

    2008-12-01

    Retrodeformation of a three-dimensional geologic model allows us to explore the tectonic evolution of the Peninsula segment of the San Andreas Fault and adjacent rock bodies in the San Francisco Bay area. By using geological constraints to quantitatively retrodeform specific surfaces (e.g. unfolding paleohorizontal horizons, removing fault slip), we evaluate the geometric evolution of rock bodies and faults in the study volume and effectively create a four-dimensional model of the geology. The three-dimensional map is divided into fault-bounded blocks and subdivided into lithologic units. Surface geologic mapping provides the foundation for the model. Structural analysis and well data allow extrapolation to a few kilometers depth. Geometries of active faults are inferred from double-difference relocated earthquake hypocenters. Gravity and magnetic data provide constraints on the geometries of low density Cenozoic deposits on denser basement, highly magnetic marker units, and adjacent faults. Existing seismic refraction profiles constrain the geometries of rock bodies with different seismic velocities. Together these datasets and others allow us to construct a model of first-order geologic features in the upper ~15 km of the crust. Major features in the model include the active San Andreas Fault surface; the Pilarcitos Fault, an abandoned strand of the San Andreas; an active NE-vergent fold and thrust belt located E of the San Andreas Fault; regional relief on the basement surface; and several Cenozoic syntectonic basins. Retrodeformation of these features requires constraints from all available datasets (structure, geochronology, paleontology, etc.). Construction of the three-dimensional model and retrodeformation scenarios are non-unique, but significant insights follow from restricting the range of possible geologic histories. For example, we use the model to investigate how the crust responded to migration of the principal slip surface from the Pilarcitos Fault

  15. Women, Sexuality and the Political Power of Pleasure (Susie Jolly, Andrea Cornwall y Kate Hawkins, Eds.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Muelas de Ayala

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Como su propio título indica, Women, Sexuality and the Political Power of Pleasure es una obra en la que encontramos dinámicas, experiencias y prácticas para la movilización política y el empoderamiento de las mujeres a través del placer. Como apunta la antropóloga Andrea Cornwall, una de las editoras, el libro refleja la necesidad de traer al debate social y académico las iniciativas que se están llevando a cabo desde muy diversas latitudes, en las que el placer se convierte en el punto de partida desde el que explorar no solo las relaciones de las mujeres con su sexualidad, sino con el sistema normativo de género, la estructura social o las imposiciones familiares en cada contexto cultural. Es también una suerte de contestación hacia los programas de cooperación internacional que, al trabajar las distintas desigualdades de género, pasan por alto o invisibilizan la potencialidad que el placer puede imbuir en la construcción de nuevos escenarios sociales más igualitarios para las mujeres.

  16. 4-D Strain Rate Along the San Andreas Fault System: Knowns and Unknowns (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandwell, D. T.; Smith-Konter, B. R.; Tong, X.

    2013-12-01

    Geodetic imaging of the San Andreas Fault System from a combination of GPS and InSAR techniques is providing a remarkably accurate and detailed mapping of plate boundary surface strain rate. We have assembled and compared strain-rate models from 17 research groups and find that 5 of these models provide remarkably similar images of the surface strain rate tensor, having principal strain axes in good agreement with the principal stress directions inferred from a recent compilation of earthquake focal mechanisms [Yang and Hauksson, 2013]. While surface strain rates seem to be well mapped, it is also important to understand strain rate variations with depth and through time. We have developed a kinematic 4-D earthquake cycle model spanning the North American-Pacific plate boundary that simulates interseismic strain accumulation, coseismic displacement, and postseismic viscous relaxation of the mantle. The model can predict the full 4-D strain rate tensor for the past 1000 years but relies on numerous approximations and assumptions. This talk will highlight the most poorly known aspects of the 4-D model and discuss additional measurements that could improve our mapping of the 4-D strain rate.

  17. Bimodal distribution of creep event amplitudes on the San Andreas fault, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burford, R.O.

    1977-01-01

    EPISODIC fault creep, at several instrument sites along the San Andreas and associated faults in central California consists of a few small and large slip events per year generally superimposed on a background of gradual yielding at low rates1-3. Most of the events are aseismic, but a few minor displacement steps have occured in association with local earthquakes 12. After removal of earthquake steps, event lists for several sites include significant numbers of small events about an order or magnitude below the typical 1-4-mm amplitude range for large events1, 3. Recent experimental rock-deformation results demonstrate that under biaxial loading some rocks show episodic slip on pre-cut surfaces9,10. It is not yet clear how the laboratory and field observations are related, but the data presented here indicate that episodic fault creep in nature may be more complex than previously realised. In light of the laboratory results, it is more important than ever to consider all the details of the field data concerning fault creep. ?? 1977 Nature Publishing Group.

  18. Mineral carbonation of serpentinite in the San Andreas Fault: Implications for aseismic creep

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, F.; Goldsby, D. L.; Lin, J.

    2013-12-01

    Here we present a new model that highlights the impact of peridotite-water-CO2 interactions on aseismic creep in the San Andreas Fault (SAF) zone. Serpentinization of peridotite is commonly invoked as the cause of aseismic slip (creep) observed in the SAF of central and northern California, as the creeping section coincides with the mapped extent of the Coast Range ophiolite (Irwin and Barnes, 1975). However, more recently it has been demonstrated that serpentinization alone cannot account for the high rates of aseismic slip (Moore et al., 1996). Moore and Rymer (2007) hypothesized that the reaction of silica-rich fluids with serpentinite causes the formation of mechanically weak talc, which is presently held responsible for fault-zone weakening in this area. While silica-metasomatism can transform serpentinite into steatite (talc rock), the common and widespread occurrence of CO2-rich springs in the fault zone, and silica-carbonate altered serpentinite, points to carbonation (i.e., CO2-metasomatism) of serpentinite as the major cause of fault-zone weakening in central and northern California. Initial results of our field program, mineralogical analyses and friction experiments will be presented, which highlight the evolution in shear strength from serpentine, to soapstone (talc-magnesite rock), to listvenite (quartz-magnesite rock), the final product of CO2-metasomatism.

  19. A permeability and compliance contrast measured hydrogeologically on the San Andreas Fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Lian; Brodsky, Emily E.; Erskine, Jon; Fulton, Patrick M.; Carter, Reed

    2016-03-01

    Hydrogeologic properties of fault zones are critical to faulting processes; however, they are not well understood and difficult to measure in situ, particularly in low-permeability fractured bedrock formations. Analysis of continuous water level response to Earth tides in monitoring wells provides a method to measure the in situ hydrogeologic properties. We utilize four monitoring wells within the San Andreas Fault zone near Logan Quarry to study the fault zone hydrogeologic architecture by measuring the water level tidal response. The specific storage and permeability inferred from the tidal response suggest that there is a difference in properties at different distances from the fault. The sites closer to the fault have higher specific storage and higher permeability than farther from the fault. This difference of properties might be related to the fault zone fracture distribution decreasing away from the fault. Although permeability channels near faults have been documented before, the difference in specific storage near the fault is a new observation. The inferred compliance contrast is consistent with prior estimates of elastic moduli in the near-fault environment, but the direct measurements are new. The combination of measured permeability and storage yields a diffusivity of about 10-2 m2/s at all the sites both near and far from the fault as a result of the competing effects of permeability and specific storage. This uniform diffusivity structure suggests that the permeability contrast might not efficiently trap fluids during the interseismic period.

  20. Solution of a model of self-avoiding walks with multiple monomers per site on the Bethe lattice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serra, Pablo; Stilck, Jürgen F

    2007-01-01

    We solve a model of self-avoiding walks with up to two monomers per site on the Bethe lattice. This model, inspired in the Domb-Joyce model, was recently proposed to describe the collapse transition observed in interacting polymers [J. Krawczyk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 240603 (2006)]. When immediate self-reversals are allowed (reversion-allowed model), the solution displays a phase diagram with a polymerized phase and a nonpolymerized phase, separated by a phase transition which is of first order for a nonvanishing statistical weight of doubly occupied sites. If the configurations are restricted forbidding immediate self-reversals (reversion-forbidden model), a richer phase diagram with two distinct polymerized phases is found, displaying a tricritical point and a critical end point. PMID:17358133

  1. Exact Bethe ansatz solution for a quantum field model of interacting scalar fields in quasi-two dimensions

    CERN Document Server

    Kundu, Anjan

    2016-01-01

    Integrable quantum field models are known to exist mostly in one space-dimension. Exploiting the concept of multi-time in integrable systems and a Lax matrix of higher scaling order, we construct a novel quantum field model in quasi-two dimensions involving interacting fields. The Yang-Baxter integrability is proved for the model by finding a new kind of commutation rule for its basic fields, representing nonstandard scalar fields along the transverse direction. In spite of a close link with the quantum Landau-Lifshitz equation, the present model differs widely from it, in its content and the result obtained. Using further the algebraic Bethe ansatz we solve exactly the eigenvalue problem of this quantum field model for all its higher conserved operators. The idea presented here should instigate the construction of a novel class of integrable field and lattice models and exploration of a new type of underlying algebras.

  2. Bethe-Salpeter calculation of optical-absorption spectra of In2O3 and Ga2O3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varley, Joel B.; Schleife, André

    2015-02-01

    Transparent conducting oxides keep attracting strong scientific interest not only due to their promising potential for ‘transparent electronics’ applications but also due to their intriguing optical absorption characteristics. Materials such as In2O3 and Ga2O3 have complicated unit cells and, consequently, are interesting systems for studying the physics of excitons and anisotropy of optical absorption. Since currently no experimental data is available, for instance, for their dielectric functions across a large photon-energy range, we employ modern first-principles computational approaches based on many-body perturbation theory to provide theoretical-spectroscopy results. Using the Bethe-Salpeter framework, we compute dielectric functions and we compare to spectra computed without excitonic effects. We find that the electron-hole interaction strongly modifies the spectra and we discuss the anisotropy of optical absorption that we find for Ga2O3 in relation to existing theoretical and experimental data.

  3. The Strong Decays of Orbitally Excited $B^{*}_{sJ}$ Mesons by Improved Bethe-Salpeter Method

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Zhi-Hui; Wang, Guo-Li; Fu, Hui-Feng; Jiang, Yue

    2012-01-01

    We calculate the masses and the strong decays of orbitally excited states $B_{s0}$, $B'_{s1}$, $B_{s1}$ and $B_{s2}$ by the improved Bethe-Salpeter method. The predicted masses of $B_{s0}$ and $B'_{s1}$ are $M_{B_{s0}}=5.723\\pm0.280 {\\rm GeV}$, $M_{B'_{s1}}=5.774\\pm0.330 {\\rm GeV}$. We calculate the isospin symmetry violating decay processes $B_{s0}\\to B_s \\pi$ and $B'_{s1}\\to B_s^* \\pi$ through $\\pi^0-\\eta$ mixing and get small widths. Considering the uncertainties of the masses, for $B_{s0}...

  4. Mean excitation energies extracted from stopping power measurements of protons in polymers by using the modified Bethe Bloch formula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ammi, H.; Zemih, R.; Mammeri, S.; Allab, M.

    2005-04-01

    Recent stopping power measurements in thin polymeric films have been performed for protons of 0.4-3.5 MeV energies using the indirect transmission technique [H. Ammi, S. Mammeri, M. Chekirine, B. Bouzid, M. Allab, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B 198 (2002) 5]. Experimental stopping data have been analyzed with the modified Bethe-Bloch formula and the mean excitation energies I have been then extracted from the data. Resulting values for each thin film are 76 ± 1 eV in Mylar, 70.8 ± 1 eV in Makrofol, 82.2 ± 1.2 eV in LR-115 and 55.4 ± 1 eV in Polypropylene. The I-extracted values are compared to those IB calculated by using the Bragg's rule.

  5. Evaluated Iridium, Yttrium, and Thulium Cross Sections and Integral Validation Against Critical Assembly and Bethe Sphere Measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe new dosimetry (radiochemical) ENDF evaluations for yttrium, iridium, and thulium. These LANL2006 evaluations were based upon measured data and on nuclear model cross section calculations. In the case of iridium and yttrium, new measurements using the GEANIE gamma-ray detector at LANSCE were used to infer (n,xn) cross sections, the measurements being augmented by nuclear model calculations using the GNASH code. The thulium isotope evaluations were based on GNASH calculations and older measurements. The evaluated cross section data are tested through comparisons of simulations with measurements of reaction rates in critical assemblies and in Bethe sphere (sometimes called Wyman sphere) integral experiments. Two types of Bethe sphere experiments were studied - a LiD experiment that had a significant component of 14 MeV neutrons, and a LiD-U experiment that additionally had varying amounts of fission neutrons depending upon the location. These simulations were performed with the MCNP code using continuous energy Monte Carlo, and because the neutron fluences can be modeled fairly accurately by MCNP at different locations in these assemblies, the comparisons provide a valuable validation test of the accuracy of the evaluated cross sections and their energy dependencies. The MCNP integral reaction rate validation testing for the three detectors yttrium, iridium, and thulium, in the LANL2006 database is summarized as follows: (1) (n,2n)near 14 MeV: In 14 MeV-dominated locations (the LiD Bethe spheres and the outer regions of the LiD-U Bethe spheres), the (n,2n) products are modeled very well for all three detectors, suggesting that the evaluated 89Y(n,2n), 191Ir(n,2n), and 169Tm(n,2n) cross sections are accurate to better than about 5% near 14 MeV; (2) (n,2n)near threshold: In locations that have a significant number of fission spectrum neutrons or downscattered neutrons from 14 MeV inelastic scattering (the central regions of the LiD-U spheres and the fast

  6. Late Holocene slip rate of the San Andreas fault and its accommodation by creep and moderate-magnitude earthquakes at Parkfield, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toke, N.A.; Arrowsmith, J.R.; Rymer, M.J.; Landgraf, A.; Haddad, D.E.; Busch, M.; Coyan, J.; Hannah, A.

    2011-01-01

    Investigation of a right-laterally offset channel at the Miller's Field paleoseismic site yields a late Holocene slip rate of 26.2 +6.4/-4.3 mm/yr (1??) for the main trace of the San Andreas fault at Park-field, California. This is the first well-documented geologic slip rate between the Carrizo and creeping sections of the San Andreas fault. This rate is lower than Holocene measurements along the Carrizo Plain and rates implied by far-field geodetic measurements (~35 mm/yr). However, the rate is consistent with historical slip rates, measured to the northwest, along the creeping section of the San Andreas fault (creep and observations of surface slip from the 28 September 2004 M6 Parkfield earthquake. Together, this slip rate and deformation fabric suggest that the historically observed San Andreas fault slip behavior along the Parkfield section has persisted for at least a millennium, and that significant slip is accommodated by structures in a zone beyond the main San Andreas fault trace. ?? 2011 Geological Society of America.

  7. Investigating Fault Slip and Rheology Along the San Andreas Fault in the San Juan Bautista Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taira, T.; Burgmann, R.; Nadeau, R. M.; Dreger, D. S.

    2012-12-01

    An improved understanding of the connection between seismic behavior and fault-zone rheology at depth is an essential step toward understanding the underlying mechanics of the faulting process. We investigate the seismicity along the northernmost creeping section of the San Andreas fault near San Juan Bautista (SJB), California, by systematically examining spatiotemporal behaviors of the aftershock sequences following the 12 August 1998 Mw 5.1 SJB earthquake. This 1998 SJB earthquake was the largest historic earthquake in the SJB area and was associated with a large slow slip event. Using a waveform cross-correlation approach (Peng and Zhao, 2009, NatureGeo), we have detected previously uncataloged earthquakes (about 500 events), resolving details of the aftershock activity in a zone at a depth of 9 km about 7 km northwest of the 1998 SJB mainshock. This aftershock zone is marked by one of the highest changes in the seismicity rate, exhibiting a delayed peak (about 20 hours after the mainshock) in the rate of aftershocks preceded by a period of very low rate of aftershocks since the mainshock. Subsequently, the rate of aftershocks shows power-law decay with time for about 1 month, and then the aftershock activity approached the pre-earthquake background level. This temporal behavior of the aftershock activity is different from the predicted aftershock decay based on the model of Dieterich (1994, JGR). Instead, our observation is more consistent with the decay rate of aftershocks occurring in the transition zone between locked and stable slip, as simulated numerically by Kaneko and Lapusta (2008, JGR). Our waveform analysis also identifies over 20 repeating microearthquake sequences (or groups of earthquakes with similar waveforms) associated with the 1998 SJB mainshock. The majority of the sequences have events occurring in the first month of the postseismic period. In other words, they reflect short-lived, accelerated repeater recurrences activated by the 1998 SJB

  8. Variability of fault slip behavior along the San Andreas Fault in the San Juan Bautista Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taira, Taka'aki; Bürgmann, Roland; Nadeau, Robert M.; Dreger, Douglas S.

    2014-12-01

    An improved understanding of the time history of fault slip at depth is an essential step toward understanding the underlying mechanics of the faulting process. Using a waveform cross-correlation approach, we document spatially and temporally varying fault slip along the northernmost creeping section of the San Andreas Fault near San Juan Bautista (SJB), California, by systematically examining spatiotemporal behaviors of characteristically repeating earthquakes (CREs). The spatial distribution of pre-1998 SJB earthquake (1984-1998) fault slip rate inferred from the CREs reveals a ~15 km long low creep or partially locked section located near the 1998 Mw 5.1 SJB earthquake rupture. A finite-fault slip inversion reveals that the rupture of the 1998 SJB earthquake is characterized by the failure of a compact ~4 km2 asperity with a maximum slip of about 90 cm and corresponding peak stress drop of up to 50 MPa, whereas the mean stress drop is about 15 MPa. Following the 1998 earthquake, the CRE activity was significantly increased in a 5-10 km deep zone extending 2-7 km northwest of the main shock, which indicates triggering of substantial aseismic slip. The postseismic slip inferred from the CRE activity primarily propagated to the northwest and released a maximum slip of 9 cm. In this 5-10 km depth range, the estimated postseismic moment release is 8.6 × 1016 N m, which is equivalent to Mw 5.22. The aseismic slip distribution following the 1998 earthquake is not consistent with coseismic stress-driven afterslip but represents a triggered, long-lasting slow earthquake.

  9. Tomographic imaging of the tectonic tremor zone beneath the San Andreas fault in the Parkfield region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, D. E.; Thurber, C. H.; Shelly, D. R.; Bennington, N. L.; Zhang, H.; Brown, J. R.

    2012-12-01

    The fine-scale seismic velocity structure around zones of tectonic (nonvolcanic) tremor and low-frequency earthquakes (LFE's) has been imaged successfully in subduction zones. This success is due in part to the occurrence of earthquakes in the subducting slab beneath the zone of tremor and LFE's. Such studies have found the tremor and LFE's to lie within zones of reduced seismic velocity and high Vp/Vs, which have been interpreted to reflect high pore fluid pressure (e.g., Shelly et al., 2006). For the San Andreas fault, the observed tremor and LFE's in the Parkfield region occur at depths greater than 15 km, which is below the deepest conventional earthquakes in the region. This makes tomographic imaging of the tremor zone more challenging. We use a combination of P and S arrival times and corresponding differential times from stacked seismograms of LFE's (Shelly and Hardebeck, 2010) along with absolute and differential times from shallower microearthquakes to image the three-dimensional P- and S- wave velocity structure to ~20 km depth. Our initial results indicate the LFE's near SAFOD lie within or adjacent to zones with slightly reduced P-wave velocity and more sharply reduced S- wave velocity. The estimated Vp/Vs values are approximately 1.85 to 1.95 in these zones. The elevated Vp/Vs values are interpreted to reflect high pore fluid pressure and low effective stress. This is consistent with results from subduction zones and with observations of triggering and tidal modulation of LFE's and tremor on this deep extension of the SAF. We will present refined tomography results that expand the area imaged and include additional LFE arrival time picks from temporary array data. Cross-section from SW to NE through SAFOD at Y=0. Vs is shown by black contours (labeled with km/sec) and colors from red (slow) to blue (fast). Black diamonds are hypocenters of LFE's and earthquakes used in the inversion.

  10. Johann Andreas Cramer e o "ensaio químico mineral" no século XVIII Johann Andreas Cramer and the "mineral chemical assaying" in the Eighteenth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Bortolotto

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this research, we seek to corroborate the contributions of Chemistry to the identification, extraction and classification of minerals in the XVIII century, as well as, to approach the discussion that History of Chemistry shouldn't be understood in terms of a tight line of thoughts. For that, we analyze the work of Johann Andreas Cramer (1710-1777, Elements of the Art of Assaying Metals. Cramer proposed a method of mineral assaying based on the chemical behavior of the bodies, which allowed him to identify, extract and classify the minerals with more assertiveness.

  11. Euroopas ei ole paremäärmuslus enam luuserite ideoloogia / Andrea Pető ; intervjueerinud Barbi Pilvre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pető, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu Tallinnas Friedrich Eberti fondi kutsel viibinud Budapesti Kesk-Euroopa ülikooli professori Andrea Pető'ga, kes kaasautorina tähistas raamatu "Gender as Symbolic Glue. The Position and Role of Conservative and Far Right Parties In the Anti-Gender Mobilizations In Europe" eestikeelse tõlke "Sugu kui sümboolne liim" valmimist. Intervjuus avab ta soolise võrdõiguslikkuse, reproduktiivõiguste ja LGBTQ-vastaste liikumiste konservatiivset ja paremäärmuslikku tausta

  12. Andreas Arvidi disputatsioon De natura et constitutione medicinae arstiteadusliku mõtte arengu peegeldajana 17. sajandi Tartu ülikoolis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaarina Rein

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The present article deals with a medical disputation, written and defended at the University of Tartu during its first period of activity in the 17th century, when the university was called Academia Gustaviana. More precisely, under investigation is the disputation of the Swedish poetry theorist Andreas Arvidi (ca 1620–1673, De natura et constitutione medicinae, and its context. The medical education was at the insufficient level at most 17th-century universities in Europe and this was the case at the University of Tartu as well. There were very few students of medicine at the University of Tartu during the Academia Gustaviana period (eight, all in all compared to the whole number of students (1056 during that time. Only two of these eight students were afterwards active as physicians. There were but few medical disputations defended during the Academia Gustaviana period, of which two were solely medical, supervised by the professor of medicine Sebastian Wirdig. The first of these, the disputation by Andreas Arvidi, deals with medicine in general. Andreas Arvidi was not a medical student but studied natural sciences at the University of Tartu. As a person ofgreat talent, he debated on a variety of themes, including astronomy, mathematics, botany, medicine and ethics. His disputation De natura et constitutione medicinae is explaining the meaning of the word ‘medicine’ by exposing its etymology and providing synonyms and homonyms to this word. In defining medicine he quotes Jean Fernel, the famous French Renaissance physician. Then he discusses the reasons and purposes for inventing medicine and finally presents the systematisation of medicine. The whole work reveals the author’s brilliant knowledge of Greek and Roman authors, as well as of contemporary medical authorities. Of the latter ones, iatrochemist Daniel Sennert, professor at Wittenberg University, has been quoted on several occasions, which implies to the fact that Sennert was an

  13. Deep tissue fluorescence resonance energy transfer imaging and the application of the Bethe-Salpeter equation to non-diffusive wave propagation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaind, Vaibhav

    Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) has found many applications in in vitro imaging as an indicator of molecular activity. However, till now, in vivo FRET imaging has been restricted to near-surface multiphoton microscopy. Optical diffusion tomography (ODT) is an emerging tool for deep tissue imaging. In this work, FRET was incorporated in an ODT framework, thereby allowing FRET to be applied in deep tissue imaging. Using simulations and tissue phantom and small animal imaging experiments, the possibility of imaging molecular activity on the nanometer scale using macroscopic measurements is demonstrated. The diffusion equation model is limited to regions of high scatter and low absorption. The Bethe-Salpeter equation has been used extensively to explain various scattering phenomena and is more fundamental than the Boltzmann transport equation. In this work, the Bethe-Salpeter equation has been investigated for modeling photon transport in the non-diffusive regime.

  14. Hacia una arquitectura débil: Andrea Branzi y Gianni Vattimo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Martínez Capdevila

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Andrea Branzi es uno de los arquitectos que incorporan más tempranamente a su discurso la posmodernidad filosófica tal y como la formulan Jean-François Lyotard y, poco después, Gianni Vattimo. A  principios de los 80 el filósofo italiano propone el pensamiento débil como una filosofía consistente con este nuevo entorno que estaría marcado por  una condición a-histórica, un panorama fragmentado y babélico, y el  debilitamiento del ser. Branzi no sólo incorpora este nuevo marco intelectual a su discurso muy pronto, sino que es, seguramente, quien lo  traduce al campo arquitectónico de una forma más clara y explícita a  través muchos de sus escritos y, sobre todo, de sus "modelos de  urbanización débil”. Unas propuestas urbanas marcadas por la  fragmentación, la inestabilidad y la ligereza en las que se verifica un  proceso de disolución de la arquitectura perfectamente análogo a la  disolución del ser descrita por Vattimo: las construcciones abiertas y  adaptables de estas ciudades representan una especie de arquitectura atenuada que es al objeto arquitectónico canónico lo que el ser débil es al ser fuerte, metafísico en el discurso del filósofo. Sin embargo, a pesar de  la indudable adherencia de la obra y el discurso de Branzi al pensiero  debole de su compatriota, la relación entre ellos dista mucho de ser una pura incorporación por parte del arquitecto de un corpus que le era ajeno hasta ese momento. Por el contrario, resulta muy reveladora sobre los  invariantes que Branzi ha mantenido, obstinadamente, a lo largo de su  larga trayectoria y, más en general, sobre el modo en el que muchos  arquitectos se relacionan con su entorno cultural.

  15. Inferring fault rheology from low-frequency earthquakes on the San Andreas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beeler, N. M.; Thomas, Amanda; Bürgmann, Roland; Shelly, David

    2013-11-01

    of recurring low-frequency earthquakes (LFEs) within nonvolcanic tremor (NVT) on the San Andreas fault in central California show strong sensitivity to shear stress induced by the daily tidal cycle. LFEs occur at all levels of the tidal shear stress and are in phase with the very small, ~400 Pa, stress amplitude. To quantitatively explain the correlation, we use a model from the existing literature that assumes the LFE sources are small, persistent regions that repeatedly fail during shear of a much larger scale, otherwise aseismically creeping fault zone. The LFE source patches see tectonic loading, creep of the surrounding fault which may be modulated by the tidal stress, and direct tidal loading. If the patches are small relative to the surrounding creeping fault then the stressing is dominated by fault creep, and if patch failure occurs at a threshold stress, then the resulting seismicity rate is proportional to the fault creep rate or fault zone strain rate. Using the seismicity rate as a proxy for strain rate and the tidal shear stress, we fit the data with possible fault rheologies that produce creep in laboratory experiments at temperatures of 400 to 600°C appropriate for the LFE source depth. The rheological properties of rock-forming minerals for dislocation creep and dislocation glide are not consistent with the observed fault creep because strong correlation between small stress perturbations and strain rate requires perturbation on the order of the ambient stress. The observed tidal modulation restricts ambient stress to be at most a few kilopascal, much lower than rock strength. A purely rate dependent friction is consistent with the observations only if the product of the friction rate dependence and effective normal stress is ~ 0.5 kPa. Extrapolating the friction rate strengthening dependence of phyllosilicates (talc) to depth would require the effective normal stress to be ~50 kPa, implying pore pressure is lithostatic. If the LFE source is on the

  16. A systematic benchmark of the ab initio Bethe-Salpeter equation approach for low-lying optical excitations of small organic molecules

    OpenAIRE

    Bruneval, Fabien; Hamed, Samia M.; Neaton, Jeffrey B.

    2015-01-01

    The predictive power of the ab initio Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) approach, rigorously based on many-body Green's function theory but incorporating information from density functional theory, has already been demonstrated for the optical gaps and spectra of solid-state systems. Interest in photoactive hybrid organic/inorganic systems has recently increased, and so has the use of the BSE for computing neutral excitations of organic molecules. However, no systematic benchmarks of the BSE for ...

  17. Solutions of the Bethe ansatz equations for XXX antiferromagnet of arbitrary spin in the case of a finite number of sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The exactly integrable isotropic Heisenberg chain of N spins s is studied, and numerical solutions to the Bethe ansatz equations corresponding to the antiferromagnetic vacuum (for sN ≤ 128) and the simplest excitations have been obtained. For s = 1, a complete set of states for N = 6 is given, and the vacuum solution for finite N is estimated analytically. The deviations from the string picture at large N are discussed

  18. GPS-aided inertial technology and navigation-based photogrammetry for aerial mapping the San Andreas fault system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, Richard D.; Hudnut, Kenneth W.

    2004-01-01

    Aerial mapping of the San Andreas Fault System can be realized more efficiently and rapidly without ground control and conventional aerotriangulation. This is achieved by the direct geopositioning of the exterior orientation of a digital imaging sensor by use of an integrated Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver and an Inertial Navigation System (INS). A crucial issue to this particular type of aerial mapping is the accuracy, scale, consistency, and speed achievable by such a system. To address these questions, an Applanix Digital Sensor System (DSS) was used to examine its potential for near real-time mapping. Large segments of vegetation along the San Andreas and Cucamonga faults near the foothills of the San Bernardino and San Gabriel Mountains were burned to the ground in the California wildfires of October-November 2003. A 175 km corridor through what once was a thickly vegetated and hidden fault surface was chosen for this study. Both faults pose a major hazard to the greater Los Angeles metropolitan area and a near real-time mapping system could provide information vital to a post-disaster response.

  19. [Andreas Vesalius: his rich imagination and colorful detail account in his book: 'Research of the anatomical observations of Gabriel Falloppius'].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilias, Guy

    2015-03-01

    In a long letter, Andreas Vesalius reacts to the comments made by Gabriel Falloppius to his work 'De Humani Corporis Fabrica'. In this letter, he proves Falloppius wrong in a number of assertions and corrects him on more than one occasion. In doing so, Vesalius as a renaissance humanist uses a classic Latin language with long elegant sentences in the style of the old Roman orator Cicero. Remarkably interesting is the fact that this whole argumentation is spiced with comparisons and examples from daily life. To make it clear to the reader what a certain part of the skeleton looks like, he compares this part with an object everybody knows. All parts of the human body are depicted in such an almost graphic way that even an interested reader without any medical or anatomic education can picture them. And Vesalius is very creative in doing so, an artist as it were with a very rich imagination. Moreover, it's remarkable how the famous anatomist manages to put himself on the level of any ordinary person, using comparative images on that level. This last work of Vesalius, which he himself considers to be a supplement to his De Humani Corporis Fabrica, deserves special attention, not only because it illustrates the scientific evolution of the anatomist Vesalius, but also because it offers an insight in the psychology of that fascinating scientist Andreas Vesalius. PMID:26137670

  20. Overlaps of q-raised Néel states with XXZ Bethe states and their relation to the Lieb–Liniger Bose gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a ‘Gaudin-like’ determinant expression for overlaps of q-raised Néel states with Bethe states of the spin-1/2 XXZ chain in the non-zero-magnetization sector. The former is constructed by applying global Uq(sl2) spin raising operators to the Néel state, the ground state of the antiferromagnetic Ising chain. The formulas presented are derived from recently-obtained results for the overlap of the Néel state with XXZ Bethe states (Brockmann et al, 2014 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 47 145003, Pozsgay, 2013 arXiv:1309.4593, Kozlowski and Pozsgay, 2012 J. Stat. Mech. P05021, Tsuchiya, 1998 J. Math. Phys. 39 5946). The determinants as well as their prefactors can be evaluated in the scaling limit of the XXZ spin chain to the Lieb–Liniger Bose gas. Within this limit a q-raised Néel state that contains finitely many down spins corresponds to the ground state of finitely many free bosons. This allows for a rigorous proof of the overlap formula of De Nardis et al (2014 Phys. Rev. A 89 033601) for Lieb–Liniger Bethe states and a Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) state with an arbitrary even number of particles. (paper)

  1. Bethe-Salpeter wave functions of $\\eta_c(2S)$ and $\\psi(2S)$ states from full lattice QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Nochi, Kazuki; Sasaki, Shoichi

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the internal structure of radially excited charmonium mesons based on the equal-time and Coulomb gauge Bethe-Salpeter (BS) amplitudes, which are obtained in lattice QCD. Our simulations are performed with a relativistic heavy-quark action for the charm quark on the 2+1 flavor PACS-CS gauge configurations at the lightest pion mass, $M_{\\pi}=156(7)$ MeV. The variational method is applied to the study of optimal charmonium operator for ground and first excited states of $S$-wave charmonia. We successfully calculate the BS wave functions of $\\eta_c(2S)$ and $\\psi(2S)$ states, as well as $\\eta_c(1S)$ and $J/\\psi$ states, and then estimate the root-mean-square radii of both the $1S$ and $2S$ charmonium states. We also examine whether a series of the BS wave functions from the ground state to excited states can be described by a single set of the spin-independent and spin-dependent interquark potentials with a unique quark mass. It is found that the quark kinetic mass and, both the central and spin-spin c...

  2. Effect of the Bethe surface description on the electronic excitations induced by energetic proton beams in liquid water and DNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abril, Isabel; Denton, Cristian D.; de Vera, Pablo; Kyriakou, Ioanna; Emfietzoglou, Dimitris; Garcia-Molina, Rafael

    2010-06-01

    The irradiation of biological systems by energetic ion beams has multiple applications in medical physics and space radiation health, such as hadrontherapy for cancer treatment or protection of astronauts against space radiation. Therefore, for a better control and understanding of the effects of radiation damage in living tissues, it is necessary to advance an accurate description of the energy loss from the ion beam to the target. In the present work we use the dielectric formalism to calculate the probability for an energetic proton to produce electronic excitations in two targets of high biological interest, namely, liquid water and DNA. Also, the mean energy of the electronic excitations in these targets is found as a function of the incident proton energy. The electronic response of the target, characterized by its energy-loss function (ELF), is described by several models that fit the available experimental optical data (at zero momentum transfer), but use different approaches to obtain the Bethe surface, that is, to extend the ELF to any energy and momentum transferred.

  3. Study of parent-child communication in joint-reading process according the investigation of Beth Ann Beschorner, foreign researcher

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maksimova A.A.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the analysis carried out by Ph. D. Beth Ann Beschorner (University of Iowa, USA which concerns the training program for parents aimed at teaching them how to arrange the Dialogic reading with their childrenand and which makes it possible to conclude that due to the experience and direct contact with the written language in preschool age the idea of literacy was being formed. The article compares the empirical data obtained independently in different areas of scientific knowledge, i.e., philosophy and psychology: the study of B.A. Beschorner has a lot in common with the principles of cultural-historical psychology, formulated by L. Vygotsky, M. Lisina and other national psychologists. Although B. A. Beschorner do not stick directly to cultural-historical and activity theory, her results correspond with the basic provisions of these theories. The analysis of B.A. Beschorner’s works confirms the commonality of her findings to those obtained in terms of the cultural-historical theory. It proves that scientific thoughts even going in independent ways, may lead to similar results, which ultimately demonstrates the validity of the findings and the versatility of approaches to the problem

  4. Going beyond the Tamm-Dancoff approximation in the Bethe-Salpeter approach to the optical properties of solids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puschnig, Peter; Ambrosch-Draxl, Claudia

    2007-03-01

    The solution of the Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) has turned out to be the method of choice for the ab-initio calculation of optical properties of semiconductors and insulators which is capable of correctly accounting for excitonic effects. Commonly, however, the coupling between the resonant and anti-resonant excitations is neglected, referred to as the Tamm-Dancoff approximation (TDA). This is well justified in many cases, in particular, for the working horses of theoretical solid state physics, such as bulk Si and GaAs. Here, we report on a first-principles investigation of the optical properties of organic semiconductors which are highly anisotropic systems. We find that the TDA no longer holds in such low-dimensional systems, where the exciton binding energies are no longer small compared to the band gaps. Going beyond the TDA leads to an increase of the exciton binding energy in the order of several tenths of an eV thereby considerably improving the agreement with experiment.

  5. Moments of the Bethe surface and total inelastic x-ray scattering cross sections for H2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moments, S(j,K), of the generalized oscillator strength distribution are global properties of the Bethe surface. Apart from S(-1,K) which is related to the Waller-Hartree incoherent scattering factor, little is known about these moments for nonzero K. This paper describes high-accuracy calculations of S(1,K) and S(2,K) for molecular hydrogen. Comparison with experiment is made, and the utility of simple asymptotic approximations is confirmed. The moments are used to calculate differential cross sections for the inelastic scattering of x rays using the constant-momentum-transfer and constant-angle theories of Bonham. These cross sections differ from the Waller-Hartree cross sections at large angles thus demonstrating the importance of making corrections to the Waller-Hartree theory if the incoherent scattering factor S(K) is to be extracted from experimental inelastic cross sections. Total cross sections for scattering of 6- and 7-keV photons from H2 are compared with synchrotron radiation scattering experiments. The calculations suggest that the Bonham constant-angle cross sections agree best with experiment. However, further experimental and theoretical work is needed to obtain firm conclusions about the limitations of Waller-Hartree theory

  6. Extension of Bethe ansatz to multiple occupancies for one-dimensional SU(4) fermions with δ-function interaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider the problem of consistence between the Bethe ansatz (BA) wave function and the multiparticle (more than two) scattering in one-dimensional δ-function interacting SU(4) fermions, which the approach of BA does not explicitly take into account. We find the scattering conditions of three and four particles located at the same position and show that the conditions can be fulfilled by the two-particle connection conditions of the BA wave function. So the definition of the BA wave function can be exactly extended to those cases with multiple occupancies. The inconsistence between the BA and multiparticle interacting on a same site in the degenerate Hubbard model, which makes the BA fail for the model, is shown to vanish in the limit of small site spacing. A correspondence relation of the BA equation and SU(4) symmetry of the system is also indicated for the fermions. The degeneracy of state with BA eigenenergy is given. Singlet lies in the case when there are equal numbers of particles in each inner component

  7. Thermodynamic Bethe ansatz for non-equilibrium steady states: exact energy current and fluctuations in integrable QFT

    CERN Document Server

    Castro-Alvaredo, Olalla; Doyon, Benjamin; Hoogeveen, Marianne

    2013-01-01

    We evaluate the exact energy current and scaled cumulant generating function (related to the large-deviation function) in non-equilibrium steady states with energy flow, in any integrable model of relativistic quantum field theory (IQFT) with diagonal scattering. Our derivations are based on various recent results of D. Bernard and B. Doyon. The steady states are built by connecting homogeneously two infinite halves of the system thermalized at different temperatures $T_l$, $T_r$, and waiting for a long time. We evaluate the current $J(T_l,T_r)$ using the exact QFT density matrix describing these non-equilibrium steady states and using Al.B. Zamolodchikov's method of the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz (TBA). The scaled cumulant generating function is obtained from the extended fluctuation relations which hold in integrable models. We verify our formula in particular by showing that the conformal field theory (CFT) result is obtained in the high-temperature limit. We analyze numerically our non-equilibrium steady-...

  8. Phase transition in a random minima model: mean field theory and exact solution on the Bethe lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider the number and distribution of minima in random landscapes defined on non-Euclidean lattices. Using an ensemble where random landscapes are reweighted by a fugacity factor z for each minimum that they contain, we construct first a 'two-box' mean field theory. This exhibits an ordering phase transition at zc = 2 above which one box contains an extensive number of minima. The onset of order is governed by an unusual order parameter exponent β = 1, motivating us to study the same model on the Bethe lattice. Here we find from an exact solution that for any connectivity μ+1>2 there is an ordering transition with a conventional mean field order parameter exponent β = 1/2, but with the region where this behaviour is observable shrinking in size as 1/μ in the mean field limit of large μ. We show that the behaviour in the transition region can also be understood directly within a mean field approach, by making the assignment of minima 'soft'. Finally we demonstrate, in the simplest mean field case, how the analysis can be generalized to include both maxima and minima. In this case an additional first-order phase transition appears, to a landscape in which essentially all sites are either minima or maxima

  9. Values of modified Bethe-Bloch stopping power parameters for polysulfone extracted from stopping power measurements with light projectiles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent measurements of the stopping powers of polysulfone for 0.66-1.74 MeV protons and 1.04-3.20 MeV alpha particles have been analyzed in terms of the modified Bethe-Bloch theory in order to extract values of the parameters characterizing the formalism utilized. Resulting values of mean excitation energy (I) and Barkas-effect parameter (b), respectively, were 83.3 eV and 1.05 for proton data, and 81.1 eV and 1.38 for alpha particle data. The lower energy alpha particle data were included by employing a single effective charge parameter (λ) evaluated at 1.63. The composite weighted value of mean excitation energy, 82.9 eV, lies some 6% above the additivity-based estimate, whereas the corresponding value of Barkas-effect parameter, 1.22, agrees quite well with the prescribed interval of 1.4±0.1

  10. Andreas Krapp/Bernd Weidenmann (Hrsg.): Pädagogische Psychologie. 4., vollst. überarb. Aufl. Weinheim: Psychologie Verlags Union 2001. 837 S. ... [Rezension

    OpenAIRE

    Arnold, Karl-Heinz

    2002-01-01

    Sammelrezension zu: Krapp, Andreas ; Weidenmann, Bernd (Hrsg.): Pädagogische Psychologie ; Rost, Detlef H. (Hrsg.): Handwörterbuch Pädagogische Psychologie ; Mietzel, Gerd: Pädagogische Psychologie des Lernens und Lehrens ; Seel, Norbert M.: Psychologie des Lernens ; Perleth, Christoph ; Ziegler, Albert (Hrsg.): Pädagogische Psychologie ; Rosemann, Bernd ; Bielski, Sven : Einführung in die Pädagogische Psychologie

  11. Franz Anton Maulbertsch, Andreas Brugger a bratrstvo Neposkvrněného početí Panny Marie v Podivíně

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valeš, Tomáš

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 59, 1/2 (2010), s. 86-91. ISSN 1211-7390 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : Franz Anton Maulbertsch * Andreas Brugger * baroque painting * Podivín * Moravia * Austria * religious confraternities Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  12. Strength of the Creeping Segment of the San Andreas Fault Inferred from Intact SAFOD Core Material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockner, D. A.; Morrow, C. A.; Moore, D. E.; Hickman, S.

    2012-12-01

    A primary goal of the SAFOD fault zone drilling project was to determine the strength and frictional properties of the San Andreas Fault (SAF) at seismogenic depth. Laboratory testing of SAFOD core material has now provided measurements under near-in-situ conditions of the shear strength of the creeping portion of the SAF at a vertical depth of 2.7 km. Early measurements made on SAFOD spot core and drilling cuttings before core from within the SAF zone was available [Tembe et al. (2006), Morrow et al. (2007), Carpenter et al. (2011)] associated low strength material with currently inactive faults southwest of the SAF and actively deforming zones associated with the SAF that were identified from casing deformation data. In Phase 3 drilling in 2007, core was retrieved from two actively deforming shear zones within the approximately 200-m-wide SAF damage zone. The two zones contained clay-rich foliated gouge and have been designated as the Southwest Deforming Zone (SDZ - width ~1.6 m) and Central Deforming Zone (CDZ - width ~2.6 m). Casing deformation [Zoback et al. (2010)] suggests that deformation is localized within these weak foliated gouge zones. Deformation tests on crushed and sieved samples of the foliated gouge [Lockner et al. (2011) and Carpenter et al. (2012)] showed low strength (coefficient of friction μ in the range 0.1 to 0.2) due to the high concentration of saponite, an Mg-rich smectite clay. We now present results from deformation tests on intact CDZ foliated gouge that, combined with similar deformation tests by Carpenter et al. (2012), allow comparison with crushed/sieved samples. We find: (1) no significant difference in strength of intact and crushed/sieved foliated gouge samples. Apparently, the high concentration of the weak mineral phase (>60%) makes strength variations due to fabric irrelevant in this case. Therefore, crushed/sieved samples that are significantly easier to prepare and test can be used to infer strength and other rheological

  13. Preliminary Holocene History of Fault Slip for the Mojave Section of the San Andreas Fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Compton, T.; Cowgill, E.; Scharer, K. M.; Gold, R. D.; Westerteiger, R.; Bernardin, T. S.; Kellogg, L. H.

    2012-12-01

    The Mojave section of the San Andreas fault (MSAF) shows an apparent discrepancy between slip rates where geodetic rates are systematically slower relative to geologic rates. Resolving this discrepancy is important for determining whether or not the MSAF exhibits temporal changes in slip, advancing the understanding of the mechanical behavior of fault systems, and improving seismic-hazard assessment for the MSAF. Paleoseismic data along the MSAF suggest temporal variations in strain release over the last 2 kyr, but more studies are needed to extend the slip history back in time. Here we address the problem of the apparent slip rate discrepancy and possible temporal variations in strain release by employing Monte Carlo analysis of previously reported displacement-time data to investigate the extent to which these data constrain the Holocene slip history. We evaluated 42 previously reported piercing lines for possible inclusion in our analysis, 15 of which were unused because they are either duplicate reports or poorly documented. The remaining 27 data points reveal that slip rates are nonexistent for 5 offset distances (19-27m, 33-42m, 45-63m, 65-129m, and 131-300m) and for 3 time periods from 10-3.9 kyr, 3.9-2.8 kyr, and 2.8-1.4 kyr BP. Results of this analysis suggest slip rate along the MSAF varied between 0 and 4.5 kyr BP, with 5 possible phases of strain release, 3 of which are faster than the average of ~30 mm/yr. The oldest fast phase was from 4.5-2.9 kyr with an average slip rate of 61 mm/yr. The next fast phase, with an average rate of 81 mm/yr, was from 1.5-1.1 kyr. The youngest fast phase resulted in a rate of 36 mm/yr between 0.4 kyr and the 1857 event. Slower phases of slip occurred from 2.9-1.5 kyr, with an average rate of 12 mm/yr, and from 1.1-0.4 kyr, with a slip rate of 20 mm/yr. These slip history findings are considered preliminary because they are based on a limited dataset that contain data gaps. To aide in our search for additional potentially

  14. The art of Joseph Beuys and Vision Andreas Huyssen in Postmodernity A arte de Joseph Beuys e a visão de Andreas Huyssen na pós-modernidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lívia Garcez de Oliveira Padilha

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This article aims do present reflections on art in post-modernity, which encourages a reading of the ambivalence between the technique and aesthetics. We focus the environmentalist work of artist Joseph Beuys and the critical German essayist Andreas Huyssen and the paradoxical thinking of vanguard and mass culture. Is it possible to think like that in a dualist way? Or we can see a shift in sensitivity towards what touches us by affection? We believe, nevertheless, that exists a permanent state of artistic tension which stimulates a more relativistic than categorical culture in the XXI century.Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar reflexões sobre a arte na pós-modernidade - que estimula uma leitura da ambivalência entre técnica e estética - por meio de duas obras “ambientalistas” do artista plástico Joseph Beuys e do olhar crítico, mas de cunho compreensivo, do ensaísta alemão Andreas Huyssen. O enfoque é o paradoxo entre a arte dita culta ou de vanguarda (? e a sua possível massificação (?. Estas duas expressões – vanguarda e massificação - ainda se sustentam na paisagem pós-moderna? Ou percebe-se um redirecionamento da sensibilidade em direção àquilo que nos toca pela afetividade? Consideramos, por meio da fenomenologia, que se enfrenta, em tempos pós-modernos, um permanente estado de tensionamento artístico, o que estimula uma visão mais relativista do que categórica da cultura no século XXI.

  15. Continuation of a deep borehole stress measurement profile near the San Andreas Fault: 2. Hydraulic fracturing stress measurements at Black Butte, Mojave Desert, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stock, J. M.; Healy, J. H.

    1988-12-01

    Hydraulic fracturing stress measurements were obtained in the Black Butte drill hole, 18 km northeast of the San Andreas fault in the Mojave Desert, at depths from 251 to 635 m. In all tests the least and greatest horizontal principal stresses (Sh and SH, respectively) exceeded the vertical stress (Sν), indicating a thrust faulting stress regime. A single good-quality hydraulic fracture impression from 309 m depth indicates an SH direction of N41°E ± 10°. This SH direction should be interpreted with caution because it is based on only one observation. This orientation is fairly compatible with nearby surface stress measurements but is incompatible with most of the hydraulic fracturing stress orientations reported from comparable depths in the Mojave Desert and is not favorable for right-lateral slip on either the San Andreas fault or NW striking faults present farther to the east. The stress regime measured in the Black Butte hole is comparable to that measured at nearby shallow depths but differs from the strike-slip or transitional (strike-slip to thrust faulting) stress regime present at similar depths in two nearby holes: Crystallaire, 4 km northeast of fhe San Andreas fault, and Hi Vista, 32 km northeast of the San Andreas fault. The SH direction measured in these holes is approximately 60° counterclockwise of that observed in the Black Butte hole. The differences in stress magnitudes and orientation among these holes substantiate previous indications of local variations in stress in the upper kilometer of the crust in this area and cast doubt on the validity of linear elastic models in which the effects of the San Andreas fault dominate the stress field in the western Mojave Desert.

  16. "Paradoxes, absurdities, and madness": conflict over alchemy, magic and medicine in the works of Andreas Libavius and Heinrich Khunrath.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forshaw, Peter J

    2008-01-01

    Both Andreas Libavius and Heinrich Khunrath graduated from Basel Medical Academy in 1588, though the theses they defended reveal antithetical approaches to medicine, despite their shared interests in iatrochemistry and transmutational alchemy. Libavius argued in favour of Galenic allopathy while Khunrath promoted the contrasting homeopathic approach of Paracelsus and the utility of the occult doctrine of Signatures for medical purposes. This article considers these differences in the two graduates' theses, both as intimations of their subsequent divergent notions of the boundaries of alchemy and its relations with medicine and magic, and also as evidence of the surprisingly unstable academic status of Paracelsian philosophy in Basel, its main publishing centre, at the end of the sixteenth century. PMID:18548903

  17. Deep-water turbidites as Holocene earthquake proxies: the Cascadia subduction zone and Northern San Andreas Fault systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. E. Johnson

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available New stratigraphic evidence from the Cascadia margin demonstrates that 13 earthquakes ruptured the margin from Vancouver Island to at least the California border following the catastrophic eruption of Mount Mazama. These 13 events have occurred with an average repeat time of ?? 600 years since the first post-Mazama event ?? 7500 years ago. The youngest event ?? 300 years ago probably coincides with widespread evidence of coastal subsidence and tsunami inundation in buried marshes along the Cascadia coast. We can extend the Holocene record to at least 9850 years, during which 18 events correlate along the same region. The pattern of repeat times is consistent with the pattern observed at most (but not all localities onshore, strengthening the contention that both were produced by plate-wide earthquakes. We also observe that the sequence of Holocene events in Cascadia may contain a repeating pattern, a tantalizing look at what may be the long-term behavior of a major fault system. Over the last ?? 7500 years, the pattern appears to have repeated at least three times, with the most recent A.D. 1700 event being the third of three events following a long interval of 845 years between events T4 and T5. This long interval is one that is also recognized in many of the coastal records, and may serve as an anchor point between the offshore and onshore records. Similar stratigraphic records are found in two piston cores and one box core from Noyo Channel, adjacent to the Northern San Andreas Fault, which show a cyclic record of turbidite beds, with thirty- one turbidite beds above a Holocene/.Pleistocene faunal «datum». Thus far, we have determined ages for 20 events including the uppermost 5 events from these cores. The uppermost event returns a «modern» age, which we interpret is likely the 1906 San Andreas earthquake. The penultimate event returns an intercept age of A.D. 1664 (2 ?? range 1505- 1822. The third event and fourth event

  18. Bethe-Heitler cascades as a plausible origin of hard spectra in distant TeV blazars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Y. G.; Yang, C. Y.; Kang, S. J.

    2016-01-01

    Context. Very high-energy (VHE) γ-ray measurements of distant TeV blazars can be nicely explained by TeV spectra induced by ultra high-energy cosmic rays. Aims: We develop a model for a plausible origin of hard spectra in distant TeV blazars. Methods: In the model, the TeV emission in distant TeV blazars is dominated by two mixed components. The first is the internal component with the photon energy around 1 TeV produced by inverse Compton scattering of the relativistic electrons on the synchrotron photons (SSC) with a correction for extragalactic background light absorbtion and the other is the external component with the photon energy more than 1 TeV produced by the cascade emission from high-energy protons propagating through intergalactic space. Results: Assuming suitable model parameters, we apply the model to observed spectra of distant TeV blazars of 1ES 0229+200. Our results show that 1) the observed spectrum properties of 1ES 0229+200, especially the TeV γ-ray tail of the observed spectra, could be reproduced in our model and 2) an expected TeV γ-ray spectrum with photon energy >1 TeV of 1ES 0229+200 should be comparable with the 50-h sensitivity goal of the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) and the differential sensitivity curve for the one-year observation with the Large High Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO). Conclusions: We argue that strong evidence for the Bethe-Heitler cascades along the line of sight as a plausible origin of hard spectra in distant TeV blazars could be obtained from VHE observations with CTA, LHAASO, HAWC, and HiSCORE.

  19. The Strong Decays of Orbitally Excited $B^{*}_{sJ}$ Mesons by Improved Bethe-Salpeter Method

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Zhi-Hui; Fu, Hui-Feng; Jiang, Yue

    2012-01-01

    We calculate the masses and the strong decays of orbitally excited states $B_{s0}$, $B'_{s1}$, $B_{s1}$ and $B_{s2}$ by the improved Bethe-Salpeter method. The predicted masses of $B_{s0}$ and $B'_{s1}$ are $M_{B_{s0}}=5.723\\pm0.280 {\\rm GeV}$, $M_{B'_{s1}}=5.774\\pm0.330 {\\rm GeV}$. We calculate the isospin symmetry violating decay processes $B_{s0}\\to B_s \\pi$ and $B'_{s1}\\to B_s^* \\pi$ through $\\pi^0-\\eta$ mixing and get small widths. Considering the uncertainties of the masses, for $B_{s0}$ and $B'_{s1}$, we also calculate the OZI allowed decay channels: $B_{s0}\\to B\\bar K$ and $B'_{s1}\\to B^*\\bar K$. For $B_{s1}$ and $B_{s2}$, the OZI allowed decay channels $B_{s1}\\to B^{*}\\bar K$, $B_{s2}\\to B\\bar K$ and $B_{s2}\\to B^{*}\\bar K$ are studied. In all the decay channels, the reduction formula, PCAC relation and low energy theorem are used to estimate the decay widths. We also obtain the strong coupling constants $G_{B_{s0}B_s\\pi}$, $G_{B_{s0}B\\bar K}$, $G_{B'_{s1}B_s^*\\pi}$, $F_{B'_{s1}B_s^*\\pi}$, $G_{B'_{s1...

  20. Subsurface geometry of the San Andreas-Calaveras fault junction: influence of serpentinite and the Coast Range Ophiolite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watt, Janet Tilden; Ponce, David A.; Graymer, Russell W.; Jachens, Robert C.; Simpson, Robert W.

    2014-01-01

    While an enormous amount of research has been focused on trying to understand the geologic history and neotectonics of the San Andreas-Calaveras fault (SAF-CF) junction, fundamental questions concerning fault geometry and mechanisms for slip transfer through the junction remain. We use potential-field, geologic, geodetic, and seismicity data to investigate the 3-D geologic framework of the SAF-CF junction and identify potential slip-transferring structures within the junction. Geophysical evidence suggests that the San Andreas and Calaveras fault zones dip away from each other within the northern portion of the junction, bounding a triangular-shaped wedge of crust in cross section. This wedge changes shape to the south as fault geometries change and fault activity shifts between fault strands, particularly along the Calaveras fault zone (CFZ). Potential-field modeling and relocated seismicity suggest that the Paicines and San Benito strands of the CFZ dip 65° to 70° NE and form the southwest boundary of a folded 1 to 3 km thick tabular body of Coast Range Ophiolite (CRO) within the Vallecitos syncline. We identify and characterize two steeply dipping, seismically active cross structures within the junction that are associated with serpentinite in the subsurface. The architecture of the SAF-CF junction presented in this study may help explain fault-normal motions currently observed in geodetic data and help constrain the seismic hazard. The abundance of serpentinite and related CRO in the subsurface is a significant discovery that not only helps constrain the geometry of structures but may also help explain fault behavior and the tectonic evolution of the SAF-CF junction.

  1. Separation of contributions from deeply virtual Compton scattering and its interference with the Bethe-Heitler process in measurements on a hydrogen target

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Airapetian, A. [Giessen Univ. (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.; Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor MI (United States). Randall Lab. of Physics; Akopov, N. [Yerevan Physics Institue (Armenia); Akopov, Z. [DESY, Hamburg (DE)](and others)

    2009-09-15

    Hard exclusive leptoproduction of real photons from an unpolarized proton target is studied in an effort to elucidate generalized parton distributions. The data accumulated during the years 1996-2005 with the HERMES spectrometer are analyzed to yield asymmetries with respect to the combined dependence of the cross section on beam helicity and charge, thereby revealing previously unseparated contributions from deeply virtual Compton scattering and its interference with the Bethe-Heitler process. The integrated luminosity is sufficient to show correlated dependences on two kinematic variables, and provides the most precise determination of the dependence on only the beam charge. (orig.)

  2. On the Dressing Factors, Bethe Equations and Yangian Symmetry of Strings on AdS3 x S3 x T4

    CERN Document Server

    Borsato, Riccardo; Sfondrini, Alessandro; Stefanski, Bogdan; Torrielli, Alessandro

    2016-01-01

    Integrability is believed to underlie the AdS3/CFT2 correspondence with sixteen supercharges. We elucidate the role of massless modes within this integrable framework. Firstly, we find the dressing factors that enter the massless and mixed-mass worldsheet S matrix. Secondly, we derive a set of all-loop Bethe Equations for the closed strings, determine their symmetries and weak-coupling limit. Thirdly, we investigate the underlying Yangian symmetry in the massless sector and show that it fits into the general framework of Yangian integrability. In addition, we compare our S matrix in the near-relativistic limit with recent perturbative worldsheet calculations of Sundin and Wulff.

  3. Book Review: Isidor Sadger. Sigmund Freud. Personliche Erinnerungen. Edited by Andrea Huppke and Michael Schroter. Tubingen and Berlin: Diskord, 2006. Pp. 160. 22.00. ISBN 3-89295-768-1

    OpenAIRE

    Cotti, Patricia

    2007-01-01

    Book Review: Isidor Sadger. Sigmund Freud. Personliche Erinnerungen. Edited by Andrea Huppke and Michael Schroter. Tubingen and Berlin: Diskord, 2006. Pp. 160. 22.00. ISBN 3-89295-768-1 University of Paris 7 - (Cotti, Patricia)

  4. 18 September 2012 - PD Dr. med. Andreas Trojan Researcher, University of Zürich and Mr Marc Forster Independant Swiss Movie Director Switzerland visiting the CMS underground area with Head of international Relations F. Pauss and CMS Collaboration Z. Szillasi.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    18 September 2012 - PD Dr. med. Andreas Trojan Researcher, University of Zürich and Mr Marc Forster Independant Swiss Movie Director Switzerland visiting the CMS underground area with Head of international Relations F. Pauss and CMS Collaboration Z. Szillasi.

  5. Mr. Lorenzo Dellai, presidente della provincia Autonoma di Trento and Professor Andrea Zanotti, president dell'Instituto Trentino di Cultura, visit ALICE experiment underground area and Pixel Silicon Laboratory

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni

    2006-01-01

    Mr. Lorenzo Dellai, presidente della provincia Autonoma di Trento and Professor Andrea Zanotti, president dell'Instituto Trentino di Cultura, visit ALICE experiment underground area and Pixel Silicon Laboratory

  6. Retardations in fault creep rates before local moderate earthquakes along the San Andreas fault system, central California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burford, R.O.

    1988-01-01

    Records of shallow aseismic slip (fault creep) obtained along parts of the San Andreas and Calaveras faults in central California demonstrate that significant changes in creep rates often have been associated with local moderate earthquakes. An immediate postearthquake increase followed by gradual, long-term decay back to a previous background rate is generally the most obvious earthquake effect on fault creep. This phenomenon, identified as aseismic afterslip, usually is characterized by above-average creep rates for several months to a few years. In several cases, minor step-like movements, called coseismic slip events, have occurred at or near the times of mainshocks. One extreme case of coseismic slip, recorded at Cienega Winery on the San Andreas fault 17.5 km southeast of San Juan Bautista, consisted of 11 mm of sudden displacement coincident with earthquakes of ML=5.3 and ML=5.2 that occurred 2.5 minutes apart on 9 April 1961. At least one of these shocks originated on the main fault beneath the winery. Creep activity subsequently stopped at the winery for 19 months, then gradually returned to a nearly steady rate slightly below the previous long-term average. The phenomena mentioned above can be explained in terms of simple models consisting of relatively weak material along shallow reaches of the fault responding to changes in load imposed by sudden slip within the underlying seismogenic zone. In addition to coseismic slip and afterslip phenomena, however, pre-earthquake retardations in creep rates also have been observed. Onsets of significant, persistent decreases in creep rates have occurred at several sites 12 months or more before the times of moderate earthquakes. A 44-month retardation before the 1979 ML=5.9 Coyote Lake earthquake on the Calaveras fault was recorded at the Shore Road creepmeter site 10 km northwest of Hollister. Creep retardation on the San Andreas fault near San Juan Bautista has been evident in records from one creepmeter site for

  7. Lady Mal-Beth

    OpenAIRE

    Guarinos, Virginia

    2007-01-01

    En la historia de Macbeth hay un personaje que ha compartido con el protagonista el interés del público. Es Lady Macbeth. Símbolo de maldad y de ambición, Lady Macbeth se ha convertido en un estereotipo que ha traspasado las barreras de su propio continente literario-teatral. Ello merece un acercamiento a su perfil, desde la perspectiva contemporánea de la Teoría Fílmica Feminista, así como a las diversas construcciones que de ella han elaborado los tres principales directores de cine que han...

  8. Decay constants of the pseudoscalar mesons in the framework of the coupled Schwinger-Dyson equation and Bethe-Salpeter equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this article, we investigate the structures of the pseudoscalar mesons (π, K, D, Ds, B and Bs) in the framework of the coupled rainbow Schwinger-Dyson equation and ladder Bethe-Salpeter equation with the confining effective potential (infrared modified flat bottom potential). The Schwinger-Dyson functions for the u, d and s quarks are greatly renormalized at small momentum region and the curves are steep at about q2=1 GeV2 which indicates an explicitly dynamical symmetry breaking. The Euclidean time Fourier transformed quark propagators have no mass poles in the time-like region which naturally implements confinement. As for the c and b quarks, the current masses are very large, the renormalization are more tender, however, mass poles in the time-like region are also absent. The Bethe-Salpeter wavefunctions for those mesons have the same type (Gaussian type) momentum dependence and center around small momentum which indicate that the bound states exist in the infrared region. The decay constants for those pseudoscalar mesons are compatible with the values of experimental extractions and theoretical calculations, such as lattice simulations and QCD sum rules

  9. Extrapolation of the Bethe equation for electron stopping powers to intermediate and low electron energies by empirical simulation of target effective mean excitation energy and atomic number

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of simple stopping power (SP) formulas, modified from the relativistic Bethe equation, is presented that is based on the concepts of target effective atomic number and mean excitation energy (MEE). The analytical model function is constructed to approximate experimental or calculated SPs at low electron energies and tend asymptotically to the relativistic Bethe function at high energies. The energy dependencies of our effective values, in contrast with theoretical approaches, are defined empirically by parametrization with tuning parameters. A least-squares fitting routine based on the Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm was developed. We utilize the material parameters and numerical calculations of SPs from optical data using the full Penn-algorithm. Our formula is thought to be applicable for energies above 60 eV. Our simulations of SPs for 41 elemental solids are found to be in good agreement with published numerical results. The flexibility of a general empirical formula is shown. Shortened formulas were developed that are applicable for particular energy ranges, and effective MEEs are proposed that differ from previously recommended values. The presented formulas may be used for analytical calculation of SPs over a broad projectile energy region

  10. Numerical analysis of the creeping behavior of the S. Andrea di Perarolo secondary landslide (Italian Eastern Alps)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cioli, C.; Genevois, R.; Iafelice, M.; Zorzi, L.

    2012-04-01

    The S. Andrea landslide is a complex secondary phenomenon characterized by continuous movements causing a very high hazard condition for the near Perarolo di Cadore village (Italian Eastern Alps). A significant amount of geological and geotechnical investigations has been carried out in the past allowing the detection of the basal sliding surface. In specific, the sliding surface coincides with the contact between the bedrock and the overlying mass of an old landslides, involving a volume of about 180.000 cubic meters. A numerical approach has been adopted to analyze the stability of slope. This method is able to simulate the formation and development of shear zones as areas of strain localization in the model. Indeed, the S. Andrea landslide has been, then, investigated using FLAC, a two-dimensional explicit finite difference program, particularly useful in case of slopes with complex geometry. In order to build up a suitable model, variation of geological, hydrogeological and geotechnical parameters have been identified from the interpretation of all available data. In a preliminary stage, a Mohr-Coulomb plasticity model has been adopted except for the bedrock, which was characterized by an isotropic elastic model. Groundwater flow condition has been performed evaluating the change in pore pressure coupled to the mechanical deformation calculation. Numerical results show that this model cannot simulate real displacement behavior of the slope mainly due to both the complex material behavior and lithological heterogeneity, and due to geotechnical spatial complexity of different soils and mechanical parameters. It has been assumed that it was necessary to improve the model in the light of a time dependent behavior of existing soils. An elastic-viscoplastic model has been then used to reproduce the observed creeping behavior, and only in viscoplastic region time effects have been considered. Discussion of results points out on: i) the evolution of the ``mechanical

  11. Long-term slip rate of the southern San Andreas Fault, from 10Be-26Al surface exposure dating of an offset alluvial fan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    der Woerd, J v; Klinger, Y; Sieh, K; Tapponnier, P; Ryerson, F; M?riaux, A

    2006-01-13

    We determine the long-term slip rate of the southern San Andreas Fault in the southeastern Indio Hills using {sup 10}Be and {sup 26}Al isotopes to date an offset alluvial fan surface. Field mapping complemented with topographic data, air photos and satellite images allow to precisely determine piercing points across the fault zone that are used to measure an offset of 565 {+-} 80 m. A total of twenty-six quartz-rich cobbles from three different fan surfaces were collected and dated. The tight cluster of nuclide concentrations from 19 samples out of 20 from the offset fan surface implies a simple exposure history, negligible prior exposure and erosion, and yield an age of 35.5 {+-} 2.5 ka. The long-term slip rate of the San Andreas Fault south of Biskra Palms is thus 15.9 {+-} 3.4 mm/yr. This rate is about 10 mm/yr slower than geological (0-14 ka) and short-term geodetic estimates for this part of the San Andreas Fault implying changes in slip rate or in faulting behavior. This result puts new constraints on the slip rate of the San Jacinto and on the Eastern California Shear Zone for the last 35 ka. Our study shows that more sites along the major faults of southern California need to be targeted to better constrain the slip-rates over different time scales.

  12. Correlation of clayey gouge in a surface exposure of the San Andreas fault with gouge at depth from SAFOD: Implications for the role of serpentinite in fault mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Diane E.; Rymer, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    Magnesium-rich clayey gouge similar to that comprising the two actively creeping strands of the San Andreas Fault in drill core from the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) has been identified in a nearby outcrop of serpentinite within the fault zone at Nelson Creek. Each occurrence of the gouge consists of porphyroclasts of serpentinite and sedimentary rocks dispersed in a fine-grained, foliated matrix of Mg-rich smectitic clays. The clay minerals in all three gouges are interpreted to be the product of fluid-assisted, shear-enhanced reactions between quartzofeldspathic wall rocks and serpentinite that was tectonically entrained in the fault from a source in the Coast Range Ophiolite. We infer that the gouge at Nelson Creek connects to one or both of the gouge zones in the SAFOD core, and that similar gouge may occur at depths in between. The special significance of the outcrop is that it preserves the early stages of mineral reactions that are greatly advanced at depth, and it confirms the involvement of serpentinite and the Mg-rich phyllosilicate minerals that replace it in promoting creep along the central San Andreas Fault.

  13. Locating non-volcanic tremor along the San Andreas Fault using a multiple array source imaging technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryberg, T.; Haberland, C.H.; Fuis, G.S.; Ellsworth, W.L.; Shelly, D.R.

    2010-01-01

    Non-volcanic tremor (NVT) has been observed at several subduction zones and at the San Andreas Fault (SAF). Tremor locations are commonly derived by cross-correlating envelope-transformed seismic traces in combination with source-scanning techniques. Recently, they have also been located by using relative relocations with master events, that is low-frequency earthquakes that are part of the tremor; locations are derived by conventional traveltime-based methods. Here we present a method to locate the sources of NVT using an imaging approach for multiple array data. The performance of the method is checked with synthetic tests and the relocation of earthquakes. We also applied the method to tremor occurring near Cholame, California. A set of small-aperture arrays (i.e. an array consisting of arrays) installed around Cholame provided the data set for this study. We observed several tremor episodes and located tremor sources in the vicinity of SAF. During individual tremor episodes, we observed a systematic change of source location, indicating rapid migration of the tremor source along SAF. ?? 2010 The Authors Geophysical Journal International ?? 2010 RAS.

  14. Broadband simulations for Mw 7.8 southern san andreas earthquakes: Ground motion sensitivity to rupture speed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, R.W.; Aagaard, B.T.; Hudnut, K.W.; Star, L.M.; Stewart, J.P.; Jordan, T.H.

    2008-01-01

    Using the high-performance computing resources of the Southern California Earthquake Center, we simulate broadband (0-10 Hz) ground motions for three Mw 7.8 rupture scenarios of the southern San Andreas fault. The scenarios incorporate a kinematic rupture description with the average rupture speed along the large slip portions of the fault set at 0.96, 0.89, and 0.84 times the local shear wave velocity. Consistent with previous simulations, a southern hypocenter efficiently channels energy into the Los Angeles region along the string of basins south of the San Gabriel Mountains. However, we find the basin ground motion levels are quite sensitive to the prescribed rupture speed, with peak ground velocities at some sites varying by over a factor of two for variations in average rupture speed of about 15%. These results have important implications for estimating seismic hazards in Southern California and emphasize the need for improved understanding of earthquake rupture processes. Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union.

  15. Scientific drilling into the San Andreas fault and site characterization research: Planning and coordination efforts. Final technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zoback, M.D.

    1998-08-30

    The fundamental scientific issue addressed in this proposal, obtaining an improved understanding of the physical and chemical processes responsible for earthquakes along major fault zones, is clearly of global scientific interest. By sampling the San Andreas fault zone and making direct measurements of fault zone properties to 4.0 km at Parkfield they will be studying an active plate-boundary fault at a depth where aseismic creep and small earthquakes occur and where a number of the scientific questions associated with deeper fault zone drilling can begin to be addressed. Also, the technological challenges associated with drilling, coring, downhole measurements and borehole instrumentation that may eventually have to be faced in deeper drilling can first be addressed at moderate depth and temperature in the Parkfield hole. Throughout the planning process leading to the development of this proposal they have invited participation by scientists from around the world. As a result, the workshops and meetings they have held for this project have involved about 350 scientists and engineers from about a dozen countries.

  16. Heterogeneous slip and rupture models of the San Andreas fault zone based upon three-dimensional earthquake tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Foxall, W.

    1992-11-01

    Crystal fault zones exhibit spatially heterogeneous slip behavior at all scales, slip being partitioned between stable frictional sliding, or fault creep, and unstable earthquake rupture. An understanding the mechanisms underlying slip segmentation is fundamental to research into fault dynamics and the physics of earthquake generation. This thesis investigates the influence that large-scale along-strike heterogeneity in fault zone lithology has on slip segmentation. Large-scale transitions from the stable block sliding of the Central 4D Creeping Section of the San Andreas, fault to the locked 1906 and 1857 earthquake segments takes place along the Loma Prieta and Parkfield sections of the fault, respectively, the transitions being accomplished in part by the generation of earthquakes in the magnitude range 6 (Parkfield) to 7 (Loma Prieta). Information on sub-surface lithology interpreted from the Loma Prieta and Parkfield three-dimensional crustal velocity models computed by Michelini (1991) is integrated with information on slip behavior provided by the distributions of earthquakes located using, the three-dimensional models and by surface creep data to study the relationships between large-scale lithological heterogeneity and slip segmentation along these two sections of the fault zone.

  17. Resolution of the GL(3) contains O(3) state labelling problem via the O(3)-invariant Bethe subalgebra of the twisted Yangian

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The labelling of states of irreducible representations of GL(3) in an O(3) basis is well known to require the addition of a single O(3)-invariant operator, to the standard diagonalizable set of Casimir operators in the subgroup chain GL(3) contains O(3) contains O(2). Moreover, this 'missing label' operator must be a function of the two independent cubic and quartic invariants which can be constructed in terms of the angular momentum vector and the quadrupole tensor. It is pointed out that there is a unique (in a well-defined sense) combination of these which belongs to the O(3)-invariant Bethe subalgebra of the twisted Yangian Y(GL(3); O(3)) in the enveloping algebra of GL(3). (letter to the editor)

  18. Multi-particle scattering at the same position in the Bethe ansatz for two-band electrons with spin-exchange interaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The same-position scattering (SPS) of more than two electrons in a one-dimensional model of two-band electrons with spin-exchange interaction is discussed. The boundary conditions of three- and four-particle SPS are given. It is shown that the conditions can be fulfilled by the two-particle boundary conditions for the Bethe ansatz (BA) wavefunction. Consequently, the definition of the BA wavefunction can be extended to those cases of more than two particles occupying the same position. Therefore, unlike the case in lattice models in which configurations with more than two particles at one site are excluded in applying the approach, the BA is valid without the exclusion of multi-particle SPS in the spin-exchange model. A relation between the SU(2)xSU(2) symmetry and the BA equation is also indicated. (author)

  19. Calculation of 1/m^{2}_{b} corrections to {\\Lambda}_b\\rightarrow{\\Lambda}_c decay widths in the Bethe-Salpeter equation approach

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, L; Weng, M -H

    2016-01-01

    The matrix element of the weak transition {\\Lambda}_b\\rightarrow{\\Lambda}_c can be expressed in terms of six form factors. {\\Lambda}_Q(Q = b;c) can be regarded as composed of a heavy quark Q(Q = b;c) and a diquark which is made up of the remaining two light quarks. In this picture, we express these six form factors in terms of Bethe-Salpeter wave functions to second order in the 1/m_Q expansion. With the kernel containing both the scalar confinement and the one-gluon-exchange terms we calculate the form factors and the decay widths of the semileptonic decay {\\Lambda}_b\\rightarrow{\\Lambda}_clv as well as nonleptonic decays {\\Lambda}_b\\rightarrow{\\Lambda}_cP(V) numerically. We also add QCD corrections since they are comparable with 1/m_Q corrections.

  20. Z 2-graded classical r-matrices and algebraic Bethe ansatz: applications to integrable models of quantum optics and nuclear physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skrypnyk, T.

    2016-09-01

    We consider quantum integrable models based on the Lie algebra gl(n) and non-skew-symmetric classical r-matrices associated with Z 2-gradings of gl(n) of the following type: {gl}(n)={gl}{(n)}\\bar{0}+{gl}{(n)}\\bar{1}, where {gl}{(n)}\\bar{0}={gl}({n}1)\\oplus {gl}(n-{n}1). Among the considered models are Gaudin-type models with an external magnetic field, used in nuclear physics to produce proton–neutron Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieer-type models, n-level many-mode Jaynes–Cummings–Dicke-type models of quantum optics, matrix generalization of Bose–Hubbard dimers, etc. We diagonalize the constructed models by means of the ‘generalized’ nested Bethe ansatz.

  1. Combining the Bethe-Salpeter Formalism with Time-Dependent DFT Excited-State Forces to Describe Optical Signatures: NBO Fluoroborates as Working Examples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boulanger, Paul; Chibani, Siwar; Le Guennic, Boris; Duchemin, Ivan; Blase, Xavier; Jacquemin, Denis

    2014-10-14

    We propose to use a blend of methodologies to tackle a challenging case for quantum approaches: the simulation of the optical properties of asymmetric fluoroborate derivatives. Indeed, these dyes, which present a low-lying excited-state exhibiting a cyanine-like nature, are treated not only with the Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT) method to determine both the structures and vibrational patterns but also with the Bethe-Salpeter approach to compute both the vertical absorption and emission energies. This combination allows us to obtain 0-0 energies with a significantly improved accuracy compared to the "raw" TD-DFT estimates. We also discuss the impact of various declinations of the Polarizable Continuum Model (linear-response, corrected linear-response, and state-specific models) on the obtained accuracy. PMID:26588148

  2. Elemental Geochemistry of Samples From Fault Segments of the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) Drill Hole

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tourscher, S. N.; Schleicher, A. M.; van der Pluijm, B. A.; Warr, L. N.

    2006-12-01

    Elemental geochemistry of mudrock samples from phase 2 drilling of the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) is presented from bore hole depths of 3066 m to 3169 m and from 3292 m to 3368 m, which contain a creeping section and main trace of the fault, respectively. In addition to preparation and analysis of whole rock sample, fault grains with neomineralized, polished surfaces were hand picked from well-washed whole rock samples, minimizing the potential contamination from drilling mud and steel shavings. The separated fractions were washed in deionized water, powdered using a mortar and pestle, and analyzed using an Inductively Coupled Plasma- Optical Emission Spectrometer for major and minor elements. Based on oxide data results, systematic differences in element concentrations are observed between the whole rock and fault rock. Two groupings of data points are distinguishable in the regions containing the main trace of the fault, a shallow part (3292- 3316 m) and a deeper section (3320-3368 m). Applying the isocon method, assuming Zr and Ti to be immobile elements in these samples, indicates a volume loss of more than 30 percent in the shallow part and about 23 percent in the deep part of the main trace. These changes are minimum estimates of fault-related volume loss, because the whole rock from drilling samples contains variable amount of fault rock as well. Minimum estimates for volume loss in the creeping section of the fault are more than 50 percent when using the isocon method, comparing whole rock to plucked fault rock. The majority of the volume loss in the fault rocks is due to the dissolution and loss of silica, potassium, aluminum, sodium and calcium, whereas (based on oxide data) the mineralized surfaces of fractures appear to be enriched in Fe and Mg. The large amount of element mobility within these fault traces suggests extensive circulation of hydrous fluids along fractures that was responsible for progressive dissolution and leaching

  3. Physical and chemical characterization of pulverized granite from a shallow drill along the San Andreas Fault, Little Rock, CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wechsler, N.; Allen, E. E.; Rockwell, T. K.; Chester, J. S.; Girty, G. H.; Ben-Zion, Y.

    2008-12-01

    We present results from a continuous 42 meter deep core through damaged granitoids adjacent to the San Andreas fault near Little Rock Creek. We employed several methods to measure particle size distribution (pipette, elutriator, laser particle analyzer), as well as x-ray diffraction and fluorescence (XRD, XRF) methods to investigate the relation between depth, pulverization and chemical processes that may affect the degree of damage. The drill site is characterized by extensive outcrops of granitic rocks with varying degrees of damage at distances of up to a few hundreds of meters from the fault's primary active strand. The drill core is composed mainly of pulverized granite and granodiorite, and crosses several high clay content secondary shears. Results of particle size distributions measured using standard sieving and pipette methods indicate that medium to coarse silt and fine sand are the dominant particle size range in the cored section, similar to pulverized granitic rocks analyzed by Rockwell et al. (2008). Very few clay-size particles were observed, but minor amounts of clay weathering products are present. We observe a minor shift in the particle size distribution towards finer sizes with depth, in agreement with the results of Anderson et al. (1980), and find somewhat different distributions for different lithologies. Several zones displaying significant chemical alteration were captured over the cored interval, but XRF data indicate that there is no systematic change in chemical alteration with depth. Where substantial chemical alterations do occur, different lithologies show different weathering trends. Those chemical alterations occur in proximity to secondary shears, suggesting fluid induced mass transfer.

  4. Three-Dimensional Investigation of a 5 m Deflected Swale along the San Andreas Fault in the Carrizo Plain

    KAUST Repository

    Akciz, S. O.

    2014-10-21

    Topographic maps produced from Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data are useful for paleoseismic and neotectonic research because they provide submeter representation of faulting-related surface features. Offset measurements of geomorphic features, made in the field or on a remotely sensed imagery, commonly assume a straight or smooth (i.e., undeflected) pre-earthquake geometry. Here, we present results from investigation of an ∼20 cm deep and >5 m wide swale with a sharp bend along the San Andreas fault (SAF) at the Bidart fan site in the Carrizo Plain, California. From analysis of LiDAR topography images and field measurements, the swale was initially interpreted as a channel tectonically offset ∼4:7 m. Our observations from exposures in four backhoe excavations and 25 hand-dug trenchettes show that even though a sharp bend in the swale coincides with the trace of the A.D. 1857 fault rupture, the swale formed after the 1857 earthquake and was not tectonically offset. Subtle fractures observed within a surficial gravel unit overlying the 1857 rupture trace are similar to fractures previously documented at the Phelan fan and LY4 paleoseismic sites 3 and 35 km northwest of Bidart fan, respectively. Collectively, the fractures suggest that a post-1857 moderate-magnitude earthquake caused ground cracking in the Carrizo and Cholame stretches of the SAF. Our observations emphasize the importance of excavation at key locations to validate remote and ground-based measurements, and we advocate more geomorphic characterization for each site if excavation is not possible.

  5. Uncertainties in slip-rate estimates for the Mission Creek strand of the southern San Andreas fault at Biskra Palms Oasis, southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behr, W.M.; Rood, D.H.; Fletcher, K.E.; Guzman, N.; Finkel, R.; Hanks, T.C.; Hudnut, K.W.; Kendrick, K.J.; Platt, J.P.; Sharp, W.D.; Weldon, R.J.; Yule, J.D.

    2010-01-01

    This study focuses on uncertainties in estimates of the geologic slip rate along the Mission Creek strand of the southern San Andreas fault where it offsets an alluvial fan (T2) at Biskra Palms Oasis in southern California. We provide new estimates of the amount of fault offset of the T2 fan based on trench excavations and new cosmogenic 10Be age determinations from the tops of 12 boulders on the fan surface. We present three alternative fan offset models: a minimum, a maximum, and a preferred offset of 660 m, 980 m, and 770 m, respectively. We assign an age of between 45 and 54 ka to the T2 fan from the 10Be data, which is significantly older than previously reported but is consistent with both the degree of soil development associated with this surface, and with ages from U-series geochronology on pedogenic carbonate from T2, described in a companion paper by Fletcher et al. (this volume). These new constraints suggest a range of slip rates between ~12 and 22 mm/yr with a preferred estimate of ~14-17 mm/yr for the Mission Creek strand of the southern San Andreas fault. Previous studies suggested that the geologic and geodetic slip-rate estimates at Biskra Palms differed. We find, however, that considerable uncertainty affects both the geologic and geodetic slip-rate estimates, such that if a real discrepancy between these rates exists for the southern San Andreas fault at Biskra Palms, it cannot be demonstrated with available data. ?? 2010 Geological Society of America.

  6. El Médico y el escritor Andreas Röschlaub (1768-1835) y Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (1775-1854) /

    OpenAIRE

    Zupcic Rivas, Slavko

    2007-01-01

    Consultable des del TDX Títol obtingut de la portada digitalitzada En medio de la vasta producción científica, filosófica y literaria que caracterizó al romanticismo alemán, la corriente de pensamiento conocida con el nombre de Naturphilosophie nos brinda una oportunidad excepcional para estudiar las relaciones entre medicina y literatura. Ejemplo de ello es la relación entre el médico Andreas Röschlaub (1768-1835) y el escritor y filósofo Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (1775-18...

  7. Near-surface structure of the 1906 main trace of the San Andreas Fault, San Francisco peninsula segment, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, C.; Catchings, R. D.; Rymer, M. J.; Goldman, M.; Grove, K.; Prentice, C. S.

    2012-12-01

    The peninsula segment of the San Andreas Fault (SAF) is forecasted to have the second highest probability of producing a M6.7 or greater earthquake in the San Francisco Bay Area in the next 30 years; yet, relatively little is known about its slip history. In most places, the surface location of the SAF has been determined primarily on the basis of geomorphic features and from mapping surface ruptures associated with the 1906 M7.9 San Francisco earthquake. To more precisely locate traces of this segment of the SAF along the San Francisco peninsula in the subsurface, we acquired a high-resolution seismic imaging survey, using both seismic refraction and reflection profiling, south of Upper Crystal Springs Reservoir near Woodside, California in June 2012. High-resolution seismic images produced from this study may benefit ongoing paleoseismological investigations along the SAF because the seismic data can be used to precisely locate the main fault trace and auxiliary faults that may contribute to the earthquake hazards associated with the fault zone. Furthermore, the seismic images provide insights into near-surface fault structure and P- and S-wave velocities, which can be important in understanding strong shaking resulting from future earthquakes along this segment of the SAF. We acquired both P- and S-wave data using a 60-channel seismograph system connected via cable to 40-Hz vertical-component and 4-Hz horizontal geophones, which were spaced at 1-m intervals along a 60-m-long transect. Seismic sources (shots) were generated by hammer impacts on a steel plate or aluminum block at each geophone location. All shots were recorded on all channels. This survey design permits simultaneous acquisition of reflection and refraction data so that both refraction tomography and reflection images can be developed. Our initial analysis of the P-wave data shows that seismic velocities across the main trace of the SAF vary from about 700 m/s near the surface to more than 2500 m

  8. Continuation of the San Andreas fault system into the upper mantle: Evidence from spinel peridotite xenoliths in the Coyote Lake basalt, central California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titus, Sarah J.; Medaris, L. Gordon; Wang, Herbert F.; Tikoff, Basil

    2007-01-01

    The Coyote Lake basalt, located near the intersection of the Hayward and Calaveras faults in central California, contains spinel peridotite xenoliths from the mantle beneath the San Andreas fault system. Six upper mantle xenoliths were studied in detail by a combination of petrologic techniques. Temperature estimates, obtained from three two-pyroxene geothermometers and the Al-in-orthopyroxene geothermometer, indicate that the xenoliths equilibrated at 970-1100 °C. A thermal model was used to estimate the corresponding depth of equilibration for these xenoliths, resulting in depths between 38 and 43 km. The lattice preferred orientation of olivine measured in five of the xenolith samples show strong point distributions of olivine crystallographic axes suggesting that fabrics formed under high-temperature conditions. Calculated seismic anisotropy values indicate an average shear wave anisotropy of 6%, higher than the anisotropy calculated from xenoliths from other tectonic environments. Using this value, the anisotropic layer responsible for fault-parallel shear wave splitting in central California is less than 100 km thick. The strong fabric preserved in the xenoliths suggests that a mantle shear zone exists below the Calaveras fault to a depth of at least 40 km, and combining xenolith petrofabrics with shear wave splitting studies helps distinguish between different models for deformation at depth beneath the San Andrea fault system.

  9. Andrea Palladio e la Villa Veneta. Da Petrarca a Carlo Scarpa”, un viaggio alla scoperta della civiltà della villa. (I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Tettamanzi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The exposition “Andrea Palladio e la Villa Veneta. Da Petrarca a Carlo Scarpa” (Andrea Palladio and the villa veneta. From Petrarca to Carlo Scarpa offers a trip through the history of the villa, in places of time, space and culture. The exposition crosses the seven centuries of the villa civilisation, suggests an itinerary of the most celebrated villas in Veneto, and has the start point in the latin culture. In this contest, we’ll explore, in latin authors original texts and in art-works showed, the typolocigical, ideological, literary archetypes of the villa, discovering the landscape relationship, read in the ancient Rome. Palladio is the concrete and conceptual centre of the exposition, and in his work, we’ll find the same ideological elements of the villa, grow up in latin culture. This text, divided in two parts, proposes, in this first piece, the born, the consolidation, the growth of the myth of an idea, that from the ancient Rom till today, doesn’t cease amazing end evolving. 

  10. Stopping power of Ni, Ag, Au and Pb for approx. 7 MeV/n α-particles and carbon ions (Z13 proportional deviation from the Bethe formula)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the end of the 1960's, Andersen, Simonsen and Sorensen carried out the measurements of stopping powers of a number of elements for protons, deuterons and α-particles using the calorimetric-compensation technique and showed sone Z13 proportional deviations from the Bethe formula. Recently, Andersen and his co-workers again made the measurements of stopping power of several elements for protons, α-particles and lithium ions in order to perform a more detailed investigation on the deviation from the Bethe formula. To ascertain the Z13 deviation of stopping power for heavier ions, it is desirable to make precise experiments using projectiles more massive than lithium ions, which are almost completely ionized. Recently, we attempted to measure the stopping powers of several metals for approx. 7 MeV/n α-particles and carbon ions, although thus obtained data need a small correction for effective charge. Results are presented and discussed

  11. Fotokoomiks? / Andreas Trossek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trossek, Andreas, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    Fotokoomiksitest, selle zhanri tekkimise ajaloost teleseepide kõrvalproduktina ja vähesest tuntusest Eestis - vaid Priit Pärn, Rein Pakk, Rainer Sarnet ja Joonas Sildre on seda kasutanud oma loomingus. Ka arvutiprogrammist Comic Book Creator

  12. Copy & paste / Andreas Trossek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trossek, Andreas, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Rühmituse Tiit Sokk (Marili Sokk, Ulvi Tiit) ruumiinstallatsioon "Alter Egode Agentuur" Tallinna Linnagaleriis 27. I-4. III ja Kristin Kalamehe näitus "Intensiivravi", mis oli 24. I-4. II vaadatav läbi Hobusepea galerii akende ja 5. II ka galeriis. Väljavõtteid pressitekstidest

  13. Scalar composite boson masses in the SU(2){sub TC} x SU(3){sub L} x U(1){sub x} model and the normalized Bethe-Salpeter equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomes, Adriano Doff Sotta [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana (UTFPR), Pato Branco, PR (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Full text: Scalar composite boson masses have been computed in QCD and Technicolor theories with the help of the homogeneous Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE), resulting in a scalar mass that is twice the dynamically generated fermion or technifermion mass (m{sub dyn}). In the A. Doff, A. A. Natale and P. S. Rodrigues da Silva, Phys. Rev. D 80, 055005 (2009) we study the effect of the normalization condition on the determination of scalar boson masses in dynamically broken gauge theories and verify that the normalization condition does not modify the value of the scalar boson mass when its wave function has the asymptotic behavior exactly as predicted by the OPE. However in walking (or quasi-conformal) gauge theories the asymptotic behavior of fermionic self-energies and the wave function of scalar bound states are dominated by higher order interactions and are characterized by a much harder decrease with the momentum, therefore, in this case, we show that the normalization condition of the BSE do constrain the scalar masses. In this work we apply some results obtained in the cited reference to the model described in A. Doff, Phys. Rev. D 81, 117702 (2010), in particular we compute the Higgs boson masses generated in the model assuming the effects of mixing in the wave function of scalar bound states due to the U(1){sub x} interaction of U' and D' techniquarks. (author)

  14. Accurate evaluation of pressure effects on the electronic stopping cross section and mean excitation energy of atomic hydrogen beyond the Bethe approximation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cabrera-Trujillo, R., E-mail: trujillo@fis.unam.mx [Instituto de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ap. Postal 48-3, Cuernavaca, Morelos 62251 (Mexico); Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Ap. Postal 55-534, 09340 México, D.F. (Mexico); Cruz, S.A., E-mail: cruz@xanum.uam.mx [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Ap. Postal 55-534, 09340 México, D.F. (Mexico)

    2014-02-01

    Atomic hydrogen is used as a fundamental reference target system to explore pressure effects on the electronic stopping cross section, S{sub e}, of swift bare ions such as protons and α-particles. This is achieved by considering the hydrogen atom under pressure as a padded spherically-confined quantum system. Within this scheme, S{sub e} is calculated rigorously in the first Born approximation taking into account the full target excitation spectrum and momentum transfer distribution for different confinement conditions (pressures) and fixed projectile charge states. Pressure effects on the target mean excitation energy, I, are also formally calculated and compared with corresponding accurate calculations based on the Local Plasma Approximation (LPA). Even though atomic hydrogen is the simplest target system, its accurate treatment to account for the role of pressure in the stopping dynamics is found to provide useful means to understand the behavior of more complex systems under similar conditions. It is found that: (i) the region of projectile velocities for which the Bethe approximation remains valid is shifted towards higher values as pressure increases; (ii) shell corrections are enhanced relative to the free-atom case as pressure increases, and (iii) the LPA seems to underestimate I as pressure is increased. The results of this work for atomic hydrogen may serve as accurate benchmark reference values for studies of pressure effects on S{sub e} and I using different methodologies.

  15. A systematic benchmark of the ab initio Bethe-Salpeter equation approach for low-lying optical excitations of small organic molecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The predictive power of the ab initio Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) approach, rigorously based on many-body Green’s function theory but incorporating information from density functional theory, has already been demonstrated for the optical gaps and spectra of solid-state systems. Interest in photoactive hybrid organic/inorganic systems has recently increased and so has the use of the BSE for computing neutral excitations of organic molecules. However, no systematic benchmarks of the BSE for neutral electronic excitations of organic molecules exist. Here, we study the performance of the BSE for the 28 small molecules in Thiel’s widely used time-dependent density functional theory benchmark set [Schreiber et al., J. Chem. Phys. 128, 134110 (2008)]. We observe that the BSE produces results that depend critically on the mean-field starting point employed in the perturbative approach. We find that this starting point dependence is mainly introduced through the quasiparticle energies obtained at the intermediate GW step and that with a judicious choice of starting mean-field, singlet excitation energies obtained from BSE are in excellent quantitative agreement with higher-level wavefunction methods. The quality of the triplet excitations is slightly less satisfactory

  16. Grand-canonical and canonical solution of self-avoiding walks with up to three monomers per site on the Bethe lattice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Tiago J; Stilck, Jürgen F; Serra, Pablo

    2009-10-01

    We solve a model of polymers represented by self-avoiding walks on a lattice, which may visit the same site up to three times in the grand-canonical formalism on the Bethe lattice. This may be a model for the collapse transition of polymers where only interactions between monomers at the same site are considered. The phase diagram of the model is very rich, displaying coexistence and critical surfaces, critical, critical end point, and tricritical lines, as well as a multicritical point. From the grand-canonical results, we present an argument to obtain the properties of the model in the canonical ensemble, and compare our results with simulations in the literature. We do actually find extended and collapsed phases, but the transition between them, composed by a line of critical end points and a line of tricritical points, separated by the multicritical point, is always continuous. This result is at variance with the simulations for the model, which suggest that part of the line should be a discontinuous transition. Finally, we discuss the connection of the present model with the standard model for the collapse of polymers (self-avoiding, self-attracting walks), where the transition between the extended and collapsed phases is a tricritical point. PMID:19905330

  17. Health-hazard-evaluation determination report No. HHE-78-6-503, Cumberland Outpatient Department of Beth Israel Hospital, Brooklyn, New York

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Messite, J.; Fannick, N.L.

    1978-07-01

    In response to a request from a representative of the nursing staff, an investigation was made of possible methadone exposures at the Cumberland Outpatient Department of Beth Israel Hospital, Brooklyn, New York, a methadone-dispensing clinic. The distribution room measured 12 feet in all dimensions and was enclosed on three sides. Methadone had previously been received in prepackaged doses, but more recently the nurses had to count the contents of each 100-count bottle of methadone hydrochloride and separate tablets or diskets into individual doses. Nurses involved in dispensing the medication reported intermittent sleepiness, itching of the face, nose, and eyes, and dryness of skin on the hands and face. Urine studies indicated no detectable methadone or methadone metabolites at a limit of 1 microgram per milliliter. There is no evidence of methadone absorption; however, they recommend that skin contact with the tablets and diskets be kept to a minimum by use of instruments for moving the pills on the counting tray, frequent clean up of dust, and periodic hand washing.

  18. Ab initio Bethe-Salpeter calculations of the x-ray absorption spectra of transition metals at the L-shell edges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinson, J.; Rehr, J. J.

    2012-11-01

    We present ab initio Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) calculations of the L2,3 edges of several insulating and metallic compounds containing Ca, V, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu, spanning a range of 3d-electron occupations. Our approach includes the key ingredients of a unified treatment of both extended states and atomic multiplet effects, i.e., Bloch states, self-consistent crystal potentials, ground-state magnetism, GW self-energy corrections, spin-orbit terms, and Coulomb interactions between the L2 and L3 levels. The method is implemented in the ocean package, which uses plane-wave pseudopotential wave functions as a basis, a projector-augmented-wave construction for the transition matrix elements, and a resolvent formalism for the BSE calculation. The results are in near quantitative agreement with experiment, including both fine structure at the edges and the nonstatistical L3/L2 ratios observed for these systems. Approximations such as time-dependent density-functional theory are shown to be less accurate.

  19. Using Precariously Balanced Rocks, Historic Records And Paleoseismology To Constrain Rupture Patterns And Rupture Potential Of The San Andreas And San Jacinto Faults In The Los Angeles Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant Ludwig, L.; Brune, J. N.

    2010-12-01

    The San Andreas fault (SAF) has been identified as the likely source of a future damaging earthquake that could threaten millions of California residents, and the southern half of the fault has been identified as a likely candidate for rupture because it appears to be loaded with accumulated strain. Forecasts of future large earthquakes on the southern SAF and estimates of co-seismic slip depend critically on the slip rate and date of last rupture. The earliest historically documented rupture of the southern SAF occurred on December 8th and/or 21st, 1812 A.D., as recorded by early California missionaries, and confirmed by tree ring studies at Wrightwood, California. Prior to the tree ring study, the sequence of earthquakes in December 1812 was attributed to the Newport-Inglewood fault and/or another fault offshore of southern California, to explain the collapse of a church at Mission San Juan Capistrano and a tsunami near Mission Santa Barbara. Competing rupture models have been proposed to fit the sparse historic accounts of shaking recorded at the Missions, and sparse paleoseismic data from trenches excavated across the San Andreas and other southern California faults. Confirmation of proposed rupture patterns has been elusive because dates of surface ruptures observed in trenches at several locations along the SAF either cannot be resolved to 1812 due to uncertainty in radiocarbon dating, or preclude rupture. One possibility is that the 1812 earthquake ruptured both the SAF in Wrightwood and the northern San Jacinto fault in the Cajon Pass and San Bernardino Valley. Active traces of the faults are less than 2 km apart in Cajon Pass and it is well documented that ruptures can propagate between fault strands up to several kilometers apart. Here we propose that the distribution of fragile semi-precarious and precariously balanced rocks (PBRs) in the western San Bernardino Mountains is inconsistent with accepted rupture models for the 1812 earthquake. To better fit

  20. Near-Surface Structure of the Peninsula Segment of the San Andreas Fault, San Francisco Bay Area, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, C.; Catchings, R.; Rymer, M. J.; Goldman, M.; Grove, K.; Prentice, C. S.

    2013-12-01

    The peninsula segment of the San Andreas Fault (SAF) is a section of the fault that has the potential to produce the next large earthquake in the San Francisco Bay Area, yet the slip history of the peninsula segment is relatively unknown. In most places, the surface location of the SAF has been determined primarily on the basis of geomorphic features and from mapping surface ruptures associated with the 1906 M7.9 San Francisco earthquake. To more precisely locate traces of the SAF along the San Francisco peninsula in the subsurface, we acquired a high-resolution seismic imaging survey, using both seismic refraction and reflection profiling, south of Upper Crystal Springs Reservoir near Woodside, California in June 2012. We acquired coincident P- and S-wave data using a 60-channel seismograph system connected via cable to 40-Hz vertical-component and 4-Hz horizontal-component geophones, with spacing at 1-m intervals along a 60-m-long transect across the SAF. Seismic sources (shots) were generated by hammer impacts on a steel plate or aluminum block at each geophone location. All shots were recorded on all channels. This survey design permitted simultaneous acquisition of reflection and refraction data such that both refraction tomography and reflection images were developed. Analysis of the P- and S-wave data, using refraction tomography, shows abrupt variations in the P-wave (Vp) and S-wave (Vs) velocities, including the 1,500 m/s velocity contour that outlines the top to groundwater and images of Vp/Vs and Poisson's ratios. P-wave velocities range from about 700 m/s at the surface to more than 4000 m/s at 20-m depth. S-wave velocities range from about 300 m/s at the surface to about 800 m/s at 20-m depth. The combined data indicate that the near-surface trace of the SAF dips steeply to the southwest in the upper few tens of meters. Variations in the velocity images also suggest the possibility of two additional near-surface fault traces within about 25 m of the

  1. Lou Andreas-Salomé y Freud: el psicoanálisis frente a la metafísica de origen romántico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pablo Roldán

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The Russian-born writer Lou Andreas-Salome is considered a legendary figure because of the controversial relationship she had in his youth with the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. Perhaps less well known is the fact that Salome was a personality in the development of the psychoanalytic movement. Since the early twentieth century until his death in 1937 she maintained a close relationship with Sigmund Freud. The Viennese master found her “an understander par excellence”, quality that explains the stimulating effect on the thinking of its partners. The study of the psychoanalytic work of Salome and her intellectual counterpoint to Freud provides an insider's perspective on the importance that monistic metaphysical thought, originated in Romanticism, took in the work of the latter. The simple consistency of Salome at this point is a mirror that reflects the complex and dramatic character of Freud's thought, always in tension due to a double metaphysical inspiration.

  2. Andrea Addobbati, Roberto Bizzocchi, Gregorio Salinero (dir), L'Italia dei cognomi, L'antroponimia italiana nel quadro mediterraneo, Pisa University Press, 2013, p. 646 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Lo Piccolo, Salvatore

    2014-01-01

    Le recueil d'essais publié par Andrea Addobbati, Roberto Bizzocchi et Gregorio Salinero compte parmi les premiers résultats d'un intéressant projet de recherche concernant le domaine de l'onomastique. Ce projet a été coordonné par l'Université de Pise, en partenariat également avec l'Université Paris I, l’Université d’Estrémadure et l'École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales de Paris. Une aventure de recherche inédite et passionnante qui a impliqué – au cours des dernières années – de no...

  3. Using surface creep rate to infer fraction locked for sections of the San Andreas fault system in northern California from alignment array and GPS data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lienkaemper, James J.; McFarland, Forrest S.; Simpson, Robert W.; Caskey, S. John

    2014-01-01

    Surface creep rate, observed along five branches of the dextral San Andreas fault system in northern California, varies considerably from one section to the next, indicating that so too may the depth at which the faults are locked. We model locking on 29 fault sections using each section’s mean long‐term creep rate and the consensus values of fault width and geologic slip rate. Surface creep rate observations from 111 short‐range alignment and trilateration arrays and 48 near‐fault, Global Positioning System station pairs are used to estimate depth of creep, assuming an elastic half‐space model and adjusting depth of creep iteratively by trial and error to match the creep observations along fault sections. Fault sections are delineated either by geometric discontinuities between them or by distinctly different creeping behaviors. We remove transient rate changes associated with five large (M≥5.5) regional earthquakes. Estimates of fraction locked, the ratio of moment accumulation rate to loading rate, on each section of the fault system provide a uniform means to inform source parameters relevant to seismic‐hazard assessment. From its mean creep rates, we infer the main branch (the San Andreas fault) ranges from only 20%±10% locked on its central creeping section to 99%–100% on the north coast. From mean accumulation rates, we infer that four urban faults appear to have accumulated enough seismic moment to produce major earthquakes: the northern Calaveras (M 6.8), Hayward (M 6.8), Rodgers Creek (M 7.1), and Green Valley (M 7.1). The latter three faults are nearing or past their mean recurrence interval.

  4. Medium modifications of mesons. Chiral symmetry restoration, in-medium QCD sum rules for D and ρ mesons, and Bethe-Salpeter equations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The interplay of hadron properties and their modification in an ambient nuclear medium on the one hand and spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking and its restoration on the other hand is investigated. QCD sum rules for D and B mesons embedded in cold nuclear matter are evaluated. We quantify the mass splitting of D- anti D and B- anti B mesons as a function of the nuclear matter density and investigate the impact of various condensates in linear density approximation. The analysis also includes Ds and D*0 mesons. QCD sum rules for chiral partners in the open-charm meson sector are presented at nonzero baryon net density or temperature. We focus on the differences between pseudo-scalar and scalar as well as vector and axial-vector D mesons and derive the corresponding Weinberg type sum rules. Based on QCD sum rules we explore the consequences of a scenario for the ρ meson, where the chiral symmetry breaking condensates are set to zero whereas the chirally symmetric condensates remain at their vacuum values. The complementarity of mass shift and broadening is discussed. An alternative approach which utilizes coupled Dyson-Schwinger and Bethe-Salpeter equations for quark-antiquark bound states is investigated. For this purpose we analyze the analytic structure of the quark propagators in the complex plane numerically and test the possibility to widen the applicability of the method to the sector of heavy-light mesons in the scalar and pseudo-scalar channels, such as the D mesons, by varying the momentum partitioning parameter. The solutions of the Dyson-Schwinger equation in the Wigner-Weyl phase of chiral symmetry at nonzero bare quark masses are used to investigate a scenario with explicit but without dynamical chiral symmetry breaking.

  5. Medium modifications of mesons. Chiral symmetry restoration, in-medium QCD sum rules for D and ρ mesons, and Bethe-Salpeter equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hilger, Thomas Uwe

    2012-04-11

    The interplay of hadron properties and their modification in an ambient nuclear medium on the one hand and spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking and its restoration on the other hand is investigated. QCD sum rules for D and B mesons embedded in cold nuclear matter are evaluated. We quantify the mass splitting of D- anti D and B- anti B mesons as a function of the nuclear matter density and investigate the impact of various condensates in linear density approximation. The analysis also includes D{sub s} and D{sup *}{sub 0} mesons. QCD sum rules for chiral partners in the open-charm meson sector are presented at nonzero baryon net density or temperature. We focus on the differences between pseudo-scalar and scalar as well as vector and axial-vector D mesons and derive the corresponding Weinberg type sum rules. Based on QCD sum rules we explore the consequences of a scenario for the ρ meson, where the chiral symmetry breaking condensates are set to zero whereas the chirally symmetric condensates remain at their vacuum values. The complementarity of mass shift and broadening is discussed. An alternative approach which utilizes coupled Dyson-Schwinger and Bethe-Salpeter equations for quark-antiquark bound states is investigated. For this purpose we analyze the analytic structure of the quark propagators in the complex plane numerically and test the possibility to widen the applicability of the method to the sector of heavy-light mesons in the scalar and pseudo-scalar channels, such as the D mesons, by varying the momentum partitioning parameter. The solutions of the Dyson-Schwinger equation in the Wigner-Weyl phase of chiral symmetry at nonzero bare quark masses are used to investigate a scenario with explicit but without dynamical chiral symmetry breaking.

  6. „Er weiß jeden Ton singen zu lassen“. Der Musiker und Klavierbauer Johann Andreas Streicher (1761-1833) – kompositorisches Schaffen und kulturelles Wirken im biografischen Kontext. Quellen – Funktion – Analyse

    OpenAIRE

    Öhm-Kühnle, Christoph

    2008-01-01

    Johann Andreas Streicher (1761-1833) wurde in der Fachliteratur bisher primär als Klavierbauer und Beethoven-Freund vorgestellt sowie als Freund und Biograf Friedrich Schillers (durch seinen in vielen Auflagen verbreiteten Bericht von der Flucht mit Schiller aus Stuttgart, Schiller’s Flucht von Stuttgart und Aufenthalt in Mannheim von 1782 bis 1785). Wie die umfassende Auswertung der Quellen zu Streichers Leben und Wirken zeigt, nahm jedoch die praktische Ausübung der Musik im Schaffen von Jo...

  7. Revealing a strike-slip plate boundary: Drill-bit seismic imaging of the San Andreas Fault at the SAFOD site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Stewart Thomas

    2006-12-01

    The San Andreas Fault at the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) near Parkfield, CA forms the contact between the Pacific and North American tectonic plates. The hypotheses tested in this dissertation are that this boundary (1) is not located beneath the currently recognized surface trace of the SAF, (2) is not composed of a single active strand, but at least two overlapping, positive and negative flower structures, and (3) has juxtaposed, severely folded, and then buried Tertiary to pre-Cretaceous strata not previously known to exist in the Parkfield area. These hypotheses were tested through the construction, analysis, and interpretation of a new type of drill-bit seismic reflection imaging at the SAFOD drill site. Drill-bit seismic (DBS) imaging uses the drill bit as a seismic source. Previous DBS experiments have used geophone receiver arrays laid on the earth's surface. At SAFOD, a vertical receiver array supplemented a surface receiver array, to record the Stage 1 drilling of SAFOD well which was completed in 2004. This dissertation expands the DBS method by utilizing both the vertical and surface arrays to record the drill bit vibrations and produce two types of reverse vertical seismic profiles. A major portion of this dissertation includes research and development of DBS data signal processing techniques for industrial applications and the special case of the SAFOD observations. These observations include downhole geophone recordings which represent a new approach not previously reported in the seismic reflection literature. The application of algorithms produced by these studies has resulted in improved methods for estimating the drill bit seismic source signature. These methods also determine optimal deconvolution operators for DBS signals which produce estimates of the "pilot signal". It is shown that processing of DBS data is possible without drill string pilot accelerometers. This allows more economic deployment of equipment at the drill

  8. Geomorphic evidence of active tectonics in the San Gorgonio Pass region of the San Andreas Fault system: an example of discovery-based research in undergraduate teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinen, L. A.; Yule, J. D.

    2014-12-01

    Student-conducted research in courses during the first two undergraduate years can increase learning and improve student self-confidence in scientific study, and is recommended for engaging and retaining students in STEM fields (PCAST, 2012). At Pomona College, incorporating student research throughout the geology curriculum tripled the number of students conducting research prior to their senior year that culminated in a professional conference presentation (Reinen et al., 2006). Here we present an example of discovery-based research in Neotectonics, a second-tier course predominantly enrolling first-and second-year students; describe the steps involved in the four week project; and discuss early outcomes of student confidence, engagement and retention. In the San Gorgonio Pass region (SGPR) in southern California, the San Andreas fault undergoes a transition from predominantly strike-slip to a complex system of faults with significant dip-slip, resulting in diffuse deformation and raising the question of whether a large earthquake on the San Andreas could propagate through the region (Yule, 2009). In spring 2014, seven students in the Neotectonics course conducted original research investigating quantifiable geomorphic evidence of tectonic activity in the SGPR. Students addressed questions of [1] unequal uplift in the San Bernardino Mountains, [2] fault activity indicated by stream knick points, [3] the role of fault style on mountain front sinuosity, and [4] characteristic earthquake slip determined via fault scarp degradation models. Students developed and revised individual projects, collaborated with each other on methods, and presented results in a public forum. A final class day was spent reviewing the projects and planning future research directions. Pre- and post-course surveys show increases in students' self-confidence in the design, implementation, and presentation of original scientific inquiries. 5 of 6 eligible students participated in research the

  9. Implications of Microstructural Studies of the SAFOD Gouge for the Strength and Deformation Mechanisms in the Creeping Segment of the San Andreas Fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadizadeh, J.; Gratier, J. L.; Mittempergher, S.; Renard, F.; Richard, J.; di Toro, G.; Babaie, H. A.

    2010-12-01

    The San Andreas Fault zone (SAF) in the vicinity of the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD)in central California is characterized by an average 21 mm/year aseismic creep and strain release through repeating Mmodels for the SAF? The SAFOD provides core samples and geophysical data including cores from two shear zones where the main borehole casing is deforming. The studies so far show a weak fault zone with about 200m of low-permeability damage zone without anomalous temperature or high fluid pressure (Zoback et al. EOS 2010). To answer the above questions, we studied core samples and thin sections ranging in measured depths (MD) from 3059m to 3991m including gouge from borehole casing deformation zones. The methods of study included high resolution scanning and transmission electron microscopy, cathodoluminescence imaging, X-ray fluorescence mapping, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The microstructural and analytical data suggest that deformation is by a coupling of cataclastic flow and pressure solution accompanied by widespread alteration of feldspar to clay minerals and other neomineralizations. The clay contents of the gouge and streaks of serpentinite are not uniformly distributed, but weakness of the creeping segment is likely to be due to intrinsically low frictional strength of the fault material. This conclusion, which is based on the overall ratio of clay/non-clay constituents and the presence of talc in the actively deforming zones, is consistent with the 0.3-0.45 coefficient of friction for the drill cuttings tested by others. We also considered weakening by diffusion-accommodated grain boundary sliding. There are two main trends in the microstructural data that provide a basis for explaining the creep rate and seismic activity: 1. Clay content of the gouge including serpentinite and talc increases toward the 1-3m wide borehole casing deformation zones, which are expected to be deforming at above the average creep rate 2. Evidence of

  10. From ‘Nerve Fiber Regeneration’ to ‘Functional Changes’ in the Human Brain – On the Paradigm-Shifting Work of the Experimental Physiologist Albrecht Bethe (1872-1954 in Frankfurt am Main

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank W Stahnisch

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Until the beginning 1930s the traditional dogma that the human central nervous system did not possess any abilities to adapt functionally to degenerative processes and external injuries loomed large in the field of the brain sciences (Hirnforschung. Cutting-edge neuroanatomists, such as the luminary Wilhelm Waldeyer (1836–1921 in Germany or the Nobel Prize laureate Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852–1934 in Spain, debated any regenerative and thus plastic properties in the human brain. A renewed interest arose in the scientific community to investigate the pathologies and the healing processes in the human central nervous system after the return of the high number of brain injured war veterans from the fronts during and after the First World War (1914–1918. A leading research center in this area was the Institute for the Scientific Study of the Effects of Brain Injuries, which the neurologist Ludwig Edinger (1855–1918 had founded shortly before the war. This article specifically deals with the physiological research on nerve fiber plasticity by Albrecht Bethe (1872–1954 at the respective institute of the University of Frankfurt am Main. Bethe conducted here his paradigmatic experimental studies on the pathophysiological and clinical phenomena of peripheral and central nervous system regeneration.

  11. From ‘Nerve Fiber Regeneration’ to ‘Functional Changes’ in the Human Brain—On the Paradigm-Shifting Work of the Experimental Physiologist Albrecht Bethe (1872–1954) in Frankfurt am Main

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahnisch, Frank W.

    2016-01-01

    Until the beginning 1930’s the traditional dogma that the human central nervous system (CNS) did not possess any abilities to adapt functionally to degenerative processes and external injuries loomed large in the field of the brain sciences (Hirnforschung). Cutting-edge neuroanatomists, such as the luminary Wilhelm Waldeyer (1836–1921) in Germany or the Nobel Prize laureate Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852–1934) in Spain, debated any regenerative and thus “plastic” properties in the human brain. A renewed interest arose in the scientific community to investigate the pathologies and the healing processes in the human CNS after the return of the high number of brain injured war veterans from the fronts during and after the First World War (1914–1918). A leading research center in this area was the “Institute for the Scientific Study of the Effects of Brain Injuries,” which the neurologist Ludwig Edinger (1855–1918) had founded shortly before the war. This article specifically deals with the physiological research on nerve fiber plasticity by Albrecht Bethe (1872–1954) at the respective institute of the University of Frankfurt am Main. Bethe conducted here his paradigmatic experimental studies on the pathophysiological and clinical phenomena of peripheral and CNS regeneration. PMID:26941616

  12. From 'Nerve Fiber Regeneration' to 'Functional Changes' in the Human Brain-On the Paradigm-Shifting Work of the Experimental Physiologist Albrecht Bethe (1872-1954) in Frankfurt am Main.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahnisch, Frank W

    2016-01-01

    Until the beginning 1930's the traditional dogma that the human central nervous system (CNS) did not possess any abilities to adapt functionally to degenerative processes and external injuries loomed large in the field of the brain sciences (Hirnforschung). Cutting-edge neuroanatomists, such as the luminary Wilhelm Waldeyer (1836-1921) in Germany or the Nobel Prize laureate Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852-1934) in Spain, debated any regenerative and thus "plastic" properties in the human brain. A renewed interest arose in the scientific community to investigate the pathologies and the healing processes in the human CNS after the return of the high number of brain injured war veterans from the fronts during and after the First World War (1914-1918). A leading research center in this area was the "Institute for the Scientific Study of the Effects of Brain Injuries," which the neurologist Ludwig Edinger (1855-1918) had founded shortly before the war. This article specifically deals with the physiological research on nerve fiber plasticity by Albrecht Bethe (1872-1954) at the respective institute of the University of Frankfurt am Main. Bethe conducted here his paradigmatic experimental studies on the pathophysiological and clinical phenomena of peripheral and CNS regeneration. PMID:26941616

  13. Precise location of San Andreas Fault tremors near Cholame, California using seismometer clusters: Slip on the deep extension of the fault?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelly, D.R.; Ellsworth, W.L.; Ryberg, T.; Haberland, C.; Fuis, G.S.; Murphy, J.; Nadeau, R.M.; Burgmann, R.

    2009-01-01

    We examine a 24-hour period of active San Andreas Fault (SAF) tremor and show that this tremor is largely composed of repeated similar events. Utilizing this similarity, we locate the subset of the tremor with waveforms similar to an identified low frequency earthquake (LFE) "master template," located using P and S wave arrivals to be ???26 km deep. To compensate for low signal-to-noise, we estimate event-pair differential times at "clusters" of nearby stations rather than at single stations. We find that the locations form a near-linear structure in map view, striking parallel to the SAF and near the surface trace. Therefore, we suggest that at least a portion of the tremor occurs on the deep extension of the fault, likely reflecting shear slip, similar to subduction zone tremor. If so, the SAF may extend to the base of the crust, ???10 km below the deepest regular earthquakes on the fault. ?? 2009 by the American Geophysical Union.

  14. Epilithic diatoms in headwater areas of the hydrographical sub-basin of the Andreas Stream, RS, Brazil, and their relation with eutrophication processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Giselda Heinrich

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM: This research aimed to study the composition of epilithic diatom flora in headwater areas of the sub-basin of the Andreas stream, RS, Brazil, and their relation with eutrophication processes. METHODS: Quarterly excursions (March, June, September, December 2012 and Mach 2013 were performed in ten sampling points selected in the sub-basin, to collect samples for the identification and counting the organisms in the group of diatoms (Class Bacillariophyceae. RESULTS: The results indicated the occurrence of 243 taxa, distributed in 53 genera. Of these, 59 were considered abundant, being distributed in 29 genera. Seven species showed elevated tolerance levels to organic pollution and eutrophication: Adlafia drouetiana (R. M. Patrick Metzeltin & Lange-Bertalot, Amphipleura lindheimeri Grunow; Fallacia monoculata (Hustedt D. G. Mann, Navicula cryptotenella Lange-Bertalot, Navicula symmetrica R. M. Patrick, Nitzschia palea (Kützing W. Smith and Sellaphora auldreekie D. G. Mann & S. M. McDonald in Mann et al. CONCLUSION: Although this research has been conducted in headwater areas, the occurrence of these seven species could be explained by considering the use of these areas for agricultural and livestock purposes, compromising the stability of these aquatic ecosystems, due to the significant contribution of fertilizer and organic matter, a condition that characterizes a process of eutrophication.

  15. Zoogeography of the San Andreas Fault system: Great Pacific Fracture Zones correspond with spatially concordant phylogeographic boundaries in western North America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottscho, Andrew D

    2016-02-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide an ultimate tectonic explanation for several well-studied zoogeographic boundaries along the west coast of North America, specifically, along the boundary of the North American and Pacific plates (the San Andreas Fault system). By reviewing 177 references from the plate tectonics and zoogeography literature, I demonstrate that four Great Pacific Fracture Zones (GPFZs) in the Pacific plate correspond with distributional limits and spatially concordant phylogeographic breaks for a wide variety of marine and terrestrial animals, including invertebrates, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. These boundaries are: (1) Cape Mendocino and the North Coast Divide, (2) Point Conception and the Transverse Ranges, (3) Punta Eugenia and the Vizcaíno Desert, and (4) Cabo Corrientes and the Sierra Transvolcanica. However, discussion of the GPFZs is mostly absent from the zoogeography and phylogeography literature likely due to a disconnect between biologists and geologists. I argue that the four zoogeographic boundaries reviewed here ultimately originated via the same geological process (triple junction evolution). Finally, I suggest how a comparative phylogeographic approach can be used to test the hypothesis presented here. PMID:25521005

  16. Tremor reveals stress shadowing, deep postseismic creep, and depth-dependent slip recurrence on the lower-crustal San Andreas fault near Parkfield

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelly, David R.; Johnson, Kaj M.

    2011-01-01

    The 2003 magnitude 6.5 San Simeon and the 2004 magnitude 6.0 Parkfield earthquakes induced small, but significant, static stress changes in the lower crust on the central San Andreas fault, where recently detected tectonic tremor sources provide new constraints on deep fault creep processes. We find that these earthquakes affect tremor rates very differently, consistent with their differing transferred static shear stresses. The San Simeon event appears to have cast a "stress shadow" north of Parkfield, where tremor activity was stifled for 3-6 weeks. In contrast, the 2004 Parkfield earthquake dramatically increased tremor activity rates both north and south of Parkfield, allowing us to track deep postseismic slip. Following this event, rates initially increased by up to two orders of magnitude for the relatively shallow tremor sources closest to the rupture, with activity in some sources persisting above background rates for more than a year. We also observe strong depth dependence in tremor recurrence patterns, with shallower sources generally exhibiting larger, less-frequent bursts, possibly signaling a transition toward steady creep with increasing temperature and depth. Copyright 2011 by the American Geophysical Union.

  17. Magnetic stratigraphy and a test for block rotation of sedimentary rocks within the San Andreas fault zone, Mecca Hills, southeastern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Shih-Bin R.; Allen, Clarence R.; Kirschvink, Joseph L.

    1987-01-01

    A 500-m section of the Palm Spring Formation in the southern Mecca Hills, located within the San Andreas fault zone in southeastern California, has been paleomagnetically sampled to determine possible tectonic rotation in this area and to establish time-stratigraphic control. This work was partly stimulated by the fact that 80 km farther south, previous studies demonstrated 35° of postdepositional rotation in the Palm Spring Formation of the Vallecito-Fish Creek basin east of the Elsinore fault. Several lines of evidence suggest that hematite is the main magnetic carrier of the Mecca Hills samples. Large anhedral hematite grains observed in magnetic extracts and a positive fold test imply a detrital origin of the remanence. The polarity reversal patterns, together with earlier vertebrate paleontologic studies, restrict the time span for deposition of this unit to the middle-late Matuyama chron (2.0-0.75 myr ago), thus of uppermost Pliocene and early Pleistocene age. Characteristic directions of best least-squares fit for 73 samples suggest little or no overall rotation, despite the severe late Quaternary tectonic activity demonstrated by the intense deformation of these strata.

  18. Chemical and Isotopic Composition of Water and Gases From the SAFOD Wells: Implications to the Dynamics of the San Andreas Fault at Parkfield, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thordsen, J. J.; Evans, W. C.; Kharaka, Y. K.; Kennedy, B. M.; van Soest, M.

    2005-12-01

    To investigate the source of fluids within the San Andreas fault zone, we obtained downhole fluid samples from both the SAFOD pilot well (open hole at vertical depth of ~2.2 km) and the adjacent SAFOD main well, from open holes at depths of 1443-1470 m and 2540-2557 m. Each fluid sampling opportunity followed coring runs, which provided open holes at these depths, enabling formation fluid to enter the wells. Prior to coring, the drilling fluids were tagged with fluorescein and Rhodamine WT tracer dyes to allow for calculation of the contamination effects. We used an evacuated Kuster sampler and positive-displacement Westport samplers, that both allow for accurate determination of the dissolved gas concentrations. Chemical data and water-level measurements in the SAFOD pilot well and the shallower zone of SAFOD main well indicated that no significant amount of formation water was produced. Significant amounts of formation water, however, were produced from the deeper open hole of the SAFOD main well. The water level in the well rose ~60 m from completion of coring (October 1, 2004) to the first fluid sampling (April 13, 2005), when three samples were obtained, and rose ~12 m more by June 8, 2005, when an additional 4 samples were collected. Chemical data show that these samples are a mixture of formation water (75-80%) and the dye-tagged `KCl' drilling solution. High pH values (9.5-10.5) and high Ca concentrations indicate contamination from the cement used for casing the well. Mixing proportions and geochemical modeling, utilizing the tracer dyes and conservative solutes, are used to calculate the compositions of formation water. Results show a Na-Ca-Cl type water with a salinity of ~20,000 mg/L TDS, very low Mg (0.1 mg/L) and carbonate alkalinity (water from sedimentary rocks, such as oil field waters from California. The deepest samples from SAFOD main well are extremely gas-rich, with calculated in-situ gas pressures exceeding 50 bar. The gas composition is also

  19. Flow and Chemistry Pulsations, Monterey: Implications for Stress Transient Modulations of Hydrologic and Geochemical Systems in the Greater San Andreas Fault Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, K. M.; Fueri, E.; Hilton, D. R.

    2005-12-01

    Submarine fluid venting at continental shelf and slope regions has been recognized over the past ten years as an important, yet under-studied process in marine science. Seeps are now known to be a general feature of the hydrogeology of many tectonically active continental margins. The eastern Pacific margin is characterized by a variety of tectonic settings (i.e. convergent and strike-slip) where active venting of fluids and gases has been documented. Reports include vents off Alaska, Costa Rica, Monterey Bay, Eel River basin, and Heceta Bay, OR. Indications of seismic tremor, linked to hydrologic transience in the offshore regions of subduction zones have recently been published elsewhere (see Brown et al, EPSL 2005). We now address here the varying nature of submarine fluid discharges in a San Andreas strike-slip setting. A key element of the proposed work is the combined multidisciplinary measurement of fluid flow, seep temperatures, and dissolved noble gases and chemistry of the Monterey seep sites at Extrovert Cliff. The seeps are situated close to several active strike-slip faults including the Monterey and San Gregorio fault zones. Initial results of 2 week deployments in 2004 of flow meters at Extravert Cliff indicated high flow rates and elevated seep temperatures that vary by as much as a factor of 2 on diurnal time scales with subtle changes over longer periods (>2 weeks). There are also indicative chemical signals of deeply sourced fluids that vary widely with time that show the following signals: 1) Elevated abundances of both mantle derived Helium (3He) as well as 4He and 40Ar of radiogenic crustal relevant trace element components; 2) Altered fluid chemistry (including, Ca Mg, Li and B); 3) The fluid temperature, flow rates, and gas chemistry, in particular, vary with time. We have both long-term and sub-diurnal variations in flow and temperature as well as the 3He/4He ratios, helium concentration, CO2 concentration and d13C values perhaps influenced

  20. Earthquake Recurrence and Slip Over the Past 4 - 5 events on the Southern Santa Cruz Mountains Section of the San Andreas Fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Streig, A. R.; Dawson, T. E.; Weldon, R. J.

    2011-12-01

    The Santa Cruz Mountains section (SAS) of the San Andreas fault last ruptured during the 1906 earthquake, an event that ruptured about 470 km, from Point Arena to San Juan Bautista, California. Paleoseismic studies on the SAS at the Grizzly Flat (GF) and Arano Flat - Mill Creek (AF) paleoseismic sites provide evidence of 1906 surface deformation, but have yielded differing records of prehistoric surface-fault ruptures. GF is located 14 km northwest of the AF site and records one 17th Century earthquake dated between 1632-1659 (Schwartz et al., 1996). The record at AF site records a younger penultimate earthquake between AD 1711 - 1770, with a third event between AD 1660-1670 (Fumal, in review). The AF sites suggest nine earthquakes in the past ~1000 years, and an average recurrence interval of 105 years over the past 1,000 years (Fumal et al., 2003). The Hazel Dell site is located approximately 9.5 km north of AF, between the AF and GF sites. This site has yielded good evidence of the most recent earthquake the 1906 surface rupture (E1), and 3 to 4 earlier events, including new evidence for two mid 1800's earthquakes. Evidence for the penultimate event, E2, is expressed as upward fault terminations within a massive sand infilling a topographic low. This sand infilled a depression formed by the pre-penultimate earthquake, E3. We identified milled wood stratigraphically below the pre-penultimate earthquake horizon, which suggests that surface rupturing earthquakes E2 and E3 occurred after deposition of the milled wood stratigraphic unit. Lumber harvesting began in the area around 1832, which suggests that earthquakes E2 and E3 are historical. Based on the presence of milled wood, the stratigraphic record at Hazel Dell appears more complete during the early historical period than at the AF and GF sites. These new event data for the SAS suggest more frequent surface rupturing earthquakes within historical time than previously recognized. We present a preliminary short

  1. Potential field Modeling of the 3-D Geologic Structure of the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) at Parkfield, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPhee, D. K.

    2003-12-01

    Gravity and magnetic data, along with other geophysical and geological constraints, are used to develop 2-D models that we use to characterize the 3-D geological structure of the San Andreas fault (SAF) zone in the vicinity of SAFOD near Parkfield, CA. The gravity data, reduced to isostatic anomalies, comprise a compilation of three different data sets with a maximum of 1.6 km grid spacing for the scattered data and closely spaced ( ˜40 m) stations along one SW-NE profile crossing the SAFOD pilot hole. Aeromagnetic data were flown at a nominal 300 m above the terrain along SW-NE flight lines perpendicular to the San Andreas Fault. Data were recorded at ˜50 m spacing along flight lines approximately 800 m apart. Ground magnetic data recorded every 5 m along lines ˜300 m apart cover a 3 x 5 km area surrounding the SAFOD pilot hole. Previous modeling showed that magnetic granitic basement rocks southwest of the SAF are divided by an inferred steep fault sub-parallel to the SAF. We compute 2-D crustal models along 5 km-long southwest-northeast profiles, one of which extends through the SAFOD pilot hole near and along the high-resolution seismic refraction/reflection survey completed in 1998 (Catchings et al., 2002). Our models are constrained by pilot hole measurements, where we see a boundary between sediment and granitic basement at ˜770 m and an order of magnitude increase in magnetic susceptibility at ˜1400 m, possibly the same depth at which the SW dipping Buzzard Canyon Fault intersects the pilot hole. Regional gravity, magnetic and geologic data indicate two very distinct basement blocks separated by a steeply dipping SAF. The shallowly dipping sedimentary section SW of the SAF coincides with the low velocity zone observed with seismic measurements. Shallow slivers of magnetic sandstone on the NE side of the SAF explain higher frequency features in the magnetic data. In addition, we show a flat lying, tabular body of serpentinite sandwiched between 2 blocks

  2. Review of Sex, Drugs and Body Counts: The Politics of Numbers in Global Crime and Conflict, edited by Peter Andreas and Kelly M. Greenhill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron G. Montgomery

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Andreas, Peter, and Greenhill, Kelly M. (Eds.. Sex, Drugs, and Body Counts: The Politics of Numbers in Global Crime and Conflict, (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2010. 287 pp. ISBN 978-0-8014-4861-4 (cloth; ISBN 978-0-8014-7618-1 (pbk.The ten scholarly papers in Sex, Drugs and Body Counts explore the generation and propagation of numbers that drive policy decisions in the U.S. government regarding human trafficking, drug trade, and armed conflict (including the war on terror. Each of these papers, written by different authors, provides an illuminating insight into how some of the numbers we hear or read in the news are derived. While the general message of the papers tends to be depressing, namely that the numbers driving U.S. policy vary from being slightly suspect to clearly fabricated, the book does provide positive examples of how accurate numbers can be obtained and how the numbers that are being used can be interpreted. As a teaching resource, the book provides instructors an opportunity to deepen their understanding of how quantitative data are used in U.S. policy, allowing them to explore these issues in class. Individual papers from the book could be used in a general education course (either in mathematics or in a field related to the topics as a way to introduce students to reading quantitatively dense material. In a course more focused on the topics of the book and with a more quantitatively literate audience, the entire book could probably be assigned as reading.

  3. Chemical controls on fault behavior: weakening of serpentinite sheared against quartz-bearing rocks and its significance for fault creep in the San Andreas system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Diane E.; Lockner, David A.

    2013-01-01

    The serpentinized ultramafic rocks found in many plate-tectonic settings commonly are juxtaposed against crustal rocks along faults, and the chemical contrast between the rock types potentially could influence the mechanical behavior of such faults. To investigate this possibility, we conducted triaxial experiments under hydrothermal conditions (200-350°C), shearing serpentinite gouge between forcing blocks of granite or quartzite. In an ultramafic chemical environment, the coefficient of friction, µ, of lizardite and antigorite serpentinite is 0.5-0.6, and µ increases with increasing temperature over the tested range. However, when either lizardite or antigorite serpentinite is sheared against granite or quartzite, strength is reduced to µ ~ 0.3, with the greatest strength reductions at the highest temperatures (temperature weakening) and slowest shearing rates (velocity strengthening). The weakening is attributed to a solution-transfer process that is promoted by the enhanced solubility of serpentine in pore fluids whose chemistry has been modified by interaction with the quartzose wall rocks. The operation of this process will promote aseismic slip (creep) along serpentinite-bearing crustal faults at otherwise seismogenic depths. During short-term experiments serpentine minerals reprecipitate in low-stress areas, whereas in longer experiments new Mg-rich phyllosilicates crystallize in response to metasomatic exchanges across the serpentinite-crustal rock contact. Long-term shear of serpentinite against crustal rocks will cause the metasomatic mineral assemblages, which may include extremely weak minerals such as saponite or talc, to play an increasingly important role in the mechanical behavior of the fault. Our results may explain the distribution of creep on faults in the San Andreas system.

  4. Time-dependent model of aseismic slip on the central San Andreas Fault from InSAR time series and repeating earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoshmanesh, M.; Shirzaei, M.; Nadeau, R. M.

    2015-09-01

    The Central segment of San Andreas Fault (CSAF) is characterized by a nearly continuous right-lateral aseismic slip. However, observations of the creep rate obtained using small characteristically repeating earthquakes (CREs) show pulses of creep along the CSAF, which may indicate spatially and temporally variable seismic hazard along the CSAF. Therefore, the goal of this study is to obtain a high-resolution time-dependent model of creep along the CSAF to examine this hypothesis. To this end, we apply a time-dependent creep modeling approach, which combines interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) surface deformation time series and observations of fault creep obtained from CREs. The SAR data set includes C band scenes acquired by the ERS-2 and Envisat satellites between 2003 and 2011. The resulting creep rate distribution implies a peak rate up to 32 mm/yr along the central part of the CSAF. Afterslip due to the 2004 Parkfield earthquake on the southeastern segment of the CSAF is also manifest in the model, and there is clear evidence of creep pulsing along strike and depth of the CSAF. Estimated annual rate of slip deficit accumulation is equivalent to a magnitude 5.6-5.7 earthquake. Taking advantage of the time-dependence of our model, we also refine the scaling relationship, which associates the released seismic moment due to a CRE event with the amount of creep on the fault, surrounding the CRE patches. This study provides the first kinematic model of creep pulsing, constrained using geodetic and seismic data, which can enhance time-dependent seismic hazard maps and improve earthquake operational forecast models.

  5. Paleoearthquakes on the southern San Andreas Fault, Wrightwood, California, 3000 to 1500 B.C.: A new method for evaluating paleoseismic evidence and earthquake horizons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scharer, K.M.; Weldon, R.J., II; Fumal, T.E.; Biasi, G.P.

    2007-01-01

    We present evidence of 11-14 earthquakes that occurred between 3000 and 1500 B.C. on the San Andreas fault at the Wrightwood paleoseismic site. Earthquake evidence is presented in a novel form in which we rank (high, moderate, poor, or low) the quality of all evidence of ground deformation, which are called "event indicators." Event indicator quality reflects our confidence that the morphologic and sedimentologic evidence can be attributable to a ground-deforming earthquake and that the earthquake horizon is accurately identified by the morphology of the feature. In four vertical meters of section exposed in ten trenches, we document 316 event indicators attributable to 32 separate stratigraphic horizons. Each stratigraphic horizon is evaluated based on the sum of rank (Rs), maximum rank (Rm), average rank (Ra), number of observations (Obs), and sum of higher-quality event indicators (Rs>1). Of the 32 stratigraphic horizons, 14 contain 83% of the event indicators and are qualified based on the number and quality of event indicators; the remaining 18 do not have satisfactory evidence for further consideration. Eleven of the 14 stratigraphic horizons have sufficient number and quality of event indicators to be qualified as "probable" to "very likely" earthquakes; the remaining three stratigraphic horizons are associated with somewhat ambiguous features and are qualified as "possible" earthquakes. Although no single measurement defines an obvious threshold for designation as an earthquake horizon, Rs, Rm, and Rs>1 correlate best with the interpreted earthquake quality. Earthquake age distributions are determined from radio-carbon ages of peat samples using a Bayesian approach to layer dating. The average recurrence interval for the 10 consecutive and highest-quality earthquakes is 111 (93-131) years and individual intervals are ??50% of the average. With comparison with the previously published 14-15 earthquake record between A.D. 500 and present, we find no evidence

  6. Andrea de Cervantes, nieta más querida de la abuela paterna, Leonor Fernández de Torreblanca, y Constanza de Ovando y Figueroa, la simpática sobrina de Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra

    OpenAIRE

    Sliwa, K.

    2004-01-01

    Por primera vez se presenta un trabajo completo sobre Andrea de Cervantes y su hija Constanza Ovando y Figueroa, hermana y sobrina, respectivamente, de Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. Sobre la hermana del autor de "La Galatea" hay unos 25 documentos legales; pero no existe ningún esbozo completo de su perfil, aunque era la nieta predilecta y favorecida de la abuela paterna, Leonor Fernández de Torreblanca. Este artículo se basa exclusivamente en los documentos cervantinos, ya que a través...

  7. S-wave triggering of tremor beneath the Parkfield, California, section of the San Andreas fault by the 2011 Tohoku, Japan earthquake: observations and theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, David P.; Peng, Zhigang; Shelly, David R.; Aiken, Chastity

    2013-01-01

    The dynamic stresses that are associated with the energetic seismic waves generated by the Mw 9.0 Tohoku earthquake off the northeast coast of Japan triggered bursts of tectonic tremor beneath the Parkfield section of the San Andreas fault (SAF) at an epicentral distance of ∼8200  km. The onset of tremor begins midway through the ∼100‐s‐period S‐wave arrival, with a minor burst coinciding with the SHSH arrival, as recorded on the nearby broadband seismic station PKD. A more pronounced burst coincides with the Love arrival, followed by a series of impulsive tremor bursts apparently modulated by the 20‐ to 30‐s‐period Rayleigh wave. The triggered tremor was located at depths between 20 and 30 km beneath the surface trace of the fault, with the burst coincident with the S wave centered beneath the fault 30 km northwest of Parkfield. Most of the subsequent activity, including the tremor coincident with the SHSH arrival, was concentrated beneath a stretch of the fault extending from 10 to 40 km southeast of Parkfield. The seismic waves from the Tohoku epicenter form a horizontal incidence angle of ∼14°, with respect to the local strike of the SAF. Computed peak dynamic Coulomb stresses on the fault at tremor depths are in the 0.7–10 kPa range. The apparent modulation of tremor bursts by the small, strike‐parallel Rayleigh‐wave stresses (∼0.7  kPa) is likely enabled by pore pressure variations driven by the Rayleigh‐wave dilatational stress. These results are consistent with the strike‐parallel dynamic stresses (δτs) associated with the S, SHSH, and surface‐wave phases triggering small increments of dextral slip on the fault with a low friction (μ∼0.2). The vertical dynamic stresses δτd do not trigger tremor with vertical or oblique slip under this simple Coulomb failure model.

  8. Near-Surface San Andreas Fault Location and Dip Near Woodside, California From Tomographic Vp, Vs, and Vp/Vs Ratios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, M.; Catchings, R.; Sickler, R. R.; Criley, C.; Prentice, C. S.

    2014-12-01

    The slip history of the San Andreas Fault (SAF) on the San Francisco peninsula is not well determined, and paleoseismic investigations to date yield inconsistent results, possibly because previous measurements were made on differing near-surface traces of the SAF. Furthermore, ground-shaking modeling requires accurate shallow-depth S-wave velocities across the fault zone and accurate fault dips; the existing Bay Area 3-D velocity models lack such measurements. To locate all near-surface traces of the SAF within 150 m of the 1906 surface rupture, to determine near-surface shear-wave velocities (VS30 to VS100), and to determine the fault dip, the USGS acquired a set of 300-m-long, high-resolution, P- and S-wave seismic imaging profiles across the SAF near Woodside, California, centered on the 1906 surface rupture zone. Sources (seisgun and hammer) and receivers (40-Hz P-wave and 4.5-Hz S-wave) were spaced at 3-m intervals. We developed independent P- and S-wave tomographic velocity models to depths of ~ 120 m (P-waves) and 80 m (S-waves). P-wave velocities vary widely from near the surface (Vp = 800 m/s, Vs = 250) to 100 m depth (Vp > 3000 m/s, Vs > 500 m/s). The 1906 surface rupture zone forms P- and S-wave low-velocity zones (Vp = 1600 to 1800 m/s; Vs = 250 to 350 m/s) within the fault zone relative to outside the fault zone (Vp = 2000 to 2200 m/s; Vs = 300 to 400 m/s). Vp/Vs ratios range from about 2.8 to about 5.7, with higher ratios on either side of the 1906 surface rupture zone and on the uphill (southwest) side. Southwest-dipping Vp/Vs contours suggest a 60o-southwest dip for one of the fault traces. However, a CDP reflection stack shows a near-vertical dip of the main 1906 rupture zone to 1.2 km depth, and the stack shows evidence for multiple fault traces. Collectively, these new data show a complex fault structure and highly variable velocities across the fault zone, which should aid paleoseismic investigations and improve existing ground-shaking models.

  9. Social vulnerability analysis of earthquake risk using HAZUS-MH losses from a M7.8 scenario earthquake on the San Andreas fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noriega, G. R.; Grant Ludwig, L.

    2010-12-01

    Natural hazards research indicates earthquake risk is not equitably distributed. Demographic differences are significant in determining the risks people encounter, whether and how they prepare for disasters, and how they fare when disasters occur. In this study, we analyze the distribution of economic and social losses in all 88 cities of Los Angeles County from the 2008 ShakeOut scenario earthquake. The ShakeOut scenario earthquake is a scientifically plausible M 7.8 scenario earthquake on the San Andreas fault that was developed and applied for regional earthquake preparedness planning and risk mitigation from a compilation of collaborative studies and findings by the 2007 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities (WGCEP). The scenario involved 1) developing a realistic scenario earthquake using the best available and most recent earthquake research findings, 2) estimation of physical damage, 3) estimation of social impact of the earthquake, and 4) identifying changes that will help to prevent a catastrophe due to an earthquake. Estimated losses from this scenario earthquake include 1,800 deaths and $213 billion dollars in economic losses. We use regression analysis to examine the relationship between potential city losses due to the ShakeOut scenario earthquake and the cities' demographic composition. The dependent variables are economic and social losses calculated in HAZUS-MH methodology for the scenario earthquake. The independent variables -median household income, tenure and race/ethnicity- have been identified as indicators of social vulnerability to natural disasters (Mileti, 1999; Cutter, 2006; Cutter & Finch, 2008). Preliminary Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression analysis of economic losses on race/ethnicity, income and tenure, indicates that cities with lower Hispanic population are associated with lower economic losses. Cities with higher Hispanic population are associated with higher economic losses, though this relationship is

  10. Volatile fluxes through the Big Bend section of the San Andreas Fault, California: helium and carbon-dioxide systematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulongoski, Justin T.; Hilton, David R.; Barry, Peter H.; Esser, Bradley K.; Hillegonds, Darren; Belitz, Kenneth

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the source of volatiles and their relationship to the San Andreas Fault System (SAFS), 18 groundwater samples were collected from wells near the Big Bend section of the SAFS in southern California and analyzed for helium and carbon abundance and isotopes. Concentrations of 4He, corrected for air-bubble entrainment, vary from 4.15 to 62.7 (× 10− 8) cm3 STP g− 1 H2O. 3He/4He ratios vary from 0.09 to 3.52 RA (where RA = air 3He/4He), consistent with up to 44% mantle helium in samples. A subset of 10 samples was analyzed for the major volatile phase (CO2) — the hypothesized carrier phase of the helium in the mantle–crust system: CO2/3He ratios vary from 0.614 to 142 (× 1011), and δ13C (CO2) values vary from − 21.5 to − 11.9‰ (vs. PDB). 3He/4He ratios and CO2 concentrations are highest in the wells located in the Mil Potrero and Cuddy valleys adjacent to the SAFS. The elevated 3He/4He ratios are interpreted to be a consequence of a mantle volatile flux though the SAFS diluted by radiogenic He produced in the crust. Samples with the highest 3He/4He ratios also had the lowest CO2/3He ratios. The combined helium isotope, He–CO2 elemental relationships, and δ13C (CO2) values of the groundwater volatiles reveal a mixture of mantle and deep crustal (metamorphic) fluid origins. The flux of fluids into the seismogenic zone at high hydrostatic pressure may cause fault rupture, and transfer volatiles into the shallow crust. We calculate an upward fluid flow rate of 147 mm a− 1 along the SAFS, up to 37 times higher than previous estimates (Kennedy et al., 1997). However, using newly identified characteristics of the SAFS, we calculate a total flux of 3He along the SAFS of 7.4 × 103 cm3 STP a− 1 (0.33 mol 3He a− 1), and a CO2 flux of 1.5 × 1013 cm3STP a− 1 (6.6 × 108 mol a− 1), ~ 1% of previous estimates. Lower fluxes along the Big Bend section of the SAFS suggest that the flux of mantle volatiles alone is insufficient to cause the

  11. Isotopic evidence for the infiltration of mantle and metamorphic CO2-H2O fluids from below in faulted rocks from the San Andreas Fault System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pili, E.; Kennedy, B.M.; Conrad, M.E.; Gratier, J.-P.

    2010-12-15

    To characterize the origin of the fluids involved in the San Andreas Fault (SAF) system, we carried out an isotope study of exhumed faulted rocks from deformation zones, vein fillings and their hosts and the fluid inclusions associated with these materials. Samples were collected from segments along the SAF system selected to provide a depth profile from upper to lower crust. In all, 75 samples from various structures and lithologies from 13 localities were analyzed for noble gas, carbon, and oxygen isotope compositions. Fluid inclusions exhibit helium isotope ratios ({sup 3}He/{sup 4}He) of 0.1-2.5 times the ratio in air, indicating that past fluids percolating through the SAF system contained mantle helium contributions of at least 35%, similar to what has been measured in present-day ground waters associated with the fault (Kennedy et al., 1997). Calcite is the predominant vein mineral and is a common accessory mineral in deformation zones. A systematic variation of C- and O-isotope compositions of carbonates from veins, deformation zones and their hosts suggests percolation by external fluids of similar compositions and origin with the amount of fluid infiltration increasing from host rocks to vein to deformation zones. The isotopic trend observed for carbonates in veins and deformation zones follows that shown by carbonates in host limestones, marbles, and other host rocks, increasing with increasing contribution of deep metamorphic crustal volatiles. At each crustal level, the composition of the infiltrating fluids is thus buffered by deeper metamorphic sources. A negative correlation between calcite {delta}{sup 13}C and fluid inclusion {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He is consistent with a mantle origin for a fraction of the infiltrating CO{sub 2}. Noble gas and stable isotope systematics show consistent evidence for the involvement of mantle-derived fluids combined with infiltration of deep metamorphic H{sub 2}O and CO{sub 2} in faulting, supporting the involvement of

  12. Inimene kronesteetilise kaameraga / Andreas W

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Andreas W, pseud.

    2011-01-01

    Fotofilmifestival 14. oktoobril kinos Sõprus. Fotofilmist. Rahvusvahelisest fotofilmi konkursist "Ajatu lugu". Grand prix' pälvis Anu-Laura Tuttelberg, 2. koha Andri Allas ja Krõõt Tarkmeel, 3. koha Gerald Assouline (Prantsusmaa). Lühidalt festivalil näidatud Gusztáv Hámosi fotofilmidest (Saksamaa)

  13. Tummfilmiklassika kohtub maailmamuusikaga / Andreas Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    Festivalist "Tummfilmid tõstavad häält", mis kestab 19.02.-5.03.2011. Filmi "Inimene filmikaameraga" (Venemaa, 1929) uushelindab Dead Combo, "Noored Kotkad" (Eesti, 1927/2008) Meelis Vind (Eesti) ja Napoleon Maddox (USA), "Berliin, suurlinna sümfoonia" (Saksamaa, 1927) ÖÄK, "Antenn" (Argentina, 2007) Argento Tango Fusion

  14. Kuidas luuakse rahvast? / Andreas Ventsel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ventsel, Andreas, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Kellest rääkisid poliitikud aastatel 1940-1953 ja 1980-ndate lõpus, kui kasutasid sõnu "meie" ja "rahvas". Semiootikust autor on seisukohal, et "rahva" mõistet ekspluateeritakse endiselt, iga partei konstrueerib oma "meie", kelle nimel viiakse ellu kitsast erakondlikku, kohati juba liiga omakasupüüdlikku huvi

  15. Kunstiteaduslikud uurimused ajakirjas / Andreas Trossek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trossek, Andreas, 1980-

    2003-01-01

    Paksu raamatuköitena ilmunud "Kunstiteaduslikke uurimusi" muutus kord poolaastas ilmuvaks ajakirjaks. 2003. a. esmanumber sisaldab 2001. a. detsembris toimunud konverentsi "Realismi probleem eesti kunstis" materjale

  16. A New Estimate for Total Offset on the Southern San Andreas Fault: Implications for Cumulative Plate Boundary Shear in the Northern Gulf of California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darin, M. H.; Dorsey, R. J.

    2012-12-01

    Development of a consistent and balanced tectonic reconstruction for the late Cenozoic San Andreas fault (SAF) in southern California has been hindered for decades by incompatible estimates of total dextral offset based on different geologic cross-fault markers. The older estimate of 240-270 km is based on offset fluvial conglomerates of the middle Miocene Mint Canyon and Caliente Formations west of the SAF from their presumed source area in the northern Chocolate Mountains NE of the SAF (Ehlig et al., 1975; Ehlert, 2003). The second widely cited offset marker is a distinctive Triassic megaporphyritic monzogranite that has been offset 160 ± 10 km between Liebre Mountain west of the SAF and the San Bernadino Mountains (Matti and Morton, 1993). In this analysis we use existing paleocurrent data and late Miocene clockwise rotation in the eastern Transverse Ranges (ETR) to re-assess the orientation of the piercing line used in the 240 km-correlation, and present a palinspastic reconstruction that satisfies all existing geologic constraints. Our reconstruction of the Mint Canyon piercing line reduces the original estimate of 240-270 km to 195 ± 15 km of cumulative right-lateral slip on the southern SAF (sensu stricto), which is consistent with other published estimates of 185 ± 20 km based on correlative basement terranes in the Salton Trough region. Our estimate of ~195 km is consistent with the lower estimate of ~160 km on the Mojave segment because transform-parallel extension along the southwestern boundary of the ETR during transrotation produces ~25-40 km of displacement that does not affect offset markers of the Liebre/San Bernadino correlation located northwest of the ETR rotating domain. Reconciliation of these disparate estimates places an important new constraint on the total plate boundary shear that is likely accommodated in the adjacent northern Gulf of California. Global plate circuit models require ~650 km of cumulative Pacific-North America (PAC

  17. Andrea Ostrov, Espacios de ficción. Espacio, poder y escritura en la literatura latinoamericana : Villa María (Córdoba), EDUVIM, 2014, 224 páginas

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Pérsico, Adriana

    2015-01-01

    Para empezar, una serie de coincidencias felices. El título del libro de Andrea Ostrov, Espacios de ficción. Espacio, poder y escritura en la literatura latinoamericana, encastra de forma casi perfecta en el título de la colección que dirige Roxana Patiño, Zona crítica. Se trata, entonces, de espacios y de zonas, de ficción y de crítica. De pensar espacios para la reflexión crítica que derivan en preguntas ineludibles: ¿qué espacio hay hoy para la crítica?, ¿qué zonas ficcionales o reales som...

  18. Culliton v. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    Court Decision: 756 North Eastern Reporter, 2d Series 1133; 2001 Oct 12 (date of decision). The Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts ordered the defendant hospital to designate the plaintiffs as parents on the birth certificates of their genetic children, delivered at the defendant hospital by a gestational carrier. Steven and Marla Culliton entered into a gestational surrogacy agreement with Melissa Carroll to have embryos which were created by in vitro fertilization with the plaintiffs' own sperm and ova, implanted in the carrier. Before the children's births the plaintiffs requested a declaration of paternity and maternity and an order directing the hospital to enter the plaintiffs' names in the children's birth certificates. The Family Court dismissed the complaint, citing lack of authority to issue any prebirth order of parentage. On appeal, the Supreme Judicial Court held that the Family Court had the authority to consider the complaint because the plaintiffs were the only genetic sources of the children, and neither party contested the complaint. Because the children were born while the case was on appeal, the Supreme Judicial Court entered judgment for the plaintiffs and ordered that they be listed as the mother and father of the children on their birth records. The Supreme Judicial Court also held that the defendant hospital was still required to supply the state Department of Health with confidential information regarding the identity of the woman who delivered the children and "her prenatal health, labor and delivery, and postpartum care and condition" under the hospital's duties and responsibilities to report vital records information for research and public health purposes. PMID:17225347

  19. The Potts glass on the Bethe lattice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is considered the nearest-neighbor p-state random Potts model on a Cayley tree of infinite coordination. The problem is formulated as a discrete mapping whose fixed points correspond to solutions deep inside the tree. The introduction of an ansatz which allows for the breaking of the Potts symmetry leads to an instability of the spin glass fixed point for p > 4. (author)

  20. Fast analytic solver of rational Bethe equations

    CERN Document Server

    Marboe, Christian

    2016-01-01

    In this note we propose an approach for a fast analytic determination of all possible eigenstates of rational GL(N|M) integrable spin chains of given not too large length, in terms of Baxter Q-functions. We observe that all exceptional solutions, if any, are automatically correctly accounted. The key intuition behind the approach is that the equations on the Q-functions are determined solely by the Young diagram, and not by the choice of the rank of the GL symmetry. Hence we can choose arbitrary N and M that accommodate the desired representation. Then we consider all distinguished Q-functions at once, not only those following a certain Kac-Dynkin path.

  1. Enhanced transferability for Bethe-Salpeter Calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirley, Eric L.

    2015-03-01

    We have systematized projector-augmented-wave methods to reliably augment plane-wave/pseudopotential Bloch functions in atomic core regions for purposes of performing screening calculations, evaluating transition matrix elements, and evaluating Slater integrals in the condensed matter environment. This has improved the accuracy of core-hole screening, adherence to sum rules, and control of the strength of absorption features. This also ensures that transition matrix elements and concomitant core excitation spectra are reliable over significant energy ranges. To accomplish this, we improve the quality of the pseudopotentials (which become harder), extending norm conservation, and increasing the number of ``valence electrons.'' We present results for both insulators and metals, and for both core and valence excitations. Comparison to experimental data is a key part of this work. We also emphasize what approximations remain to be tackled in the treatment of electronic excitation spectra, many of which are more difficult to treat than what is within the scope of this work.

  2. Cubierta plegada para el templo Beth Torah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spolter, Gerald

    1963-10-01

    Full Text Available Quite recently, at the North Miami Beach Jewish park in Florida, a new temple has been completed, which is remarkable because of its metal roof structure, which is quite original, within present day trends of contemporary architecture. It has been sought to convey the impression that this roof floats on its supports, which consist of stone walls and four stiffeners. The folds shown by the roof externally are also visible from the inside. The building extends along two axes, which coincide with the two gables; along which run two beams made up of laminated sections reinforced by four angle sections. At certain points the roof cantilevers nearly 8 metres beyond its supports. The main entrance consists of a kind of arch closed with a panel into which a number of star shaped openings have been left. This is an arrangement that has both charm and an obvious symbolism. The building was initiated by setting up the gable beams with the aid of an auxiliary scaffolding, and the rest of the structure was erected in subsequent stages.El nuevo parque judío de North Miami Beach, en Florida, Estados Unidos, cuenta recientemente con un nuevo templo con cubierta de estructura metálica, muy original y, arquitectónicamente, dentro de las actuales tendencias. El sistema ha sido calificado de cubierta plegada por unos y de estructura especial por otros; aparte su denominación, una vez terminada, presenta un aspecto agradable y una interesante aplicación. Se ha tratado el conseguir dar la sensación de que esta cubierta flota sobre sus apoyos, constituidos por muros de mampostería y cuatro estribos. En el interior el techo acusa los pliegues que aparecen en el exterior. El edificio presenta dos direcciones principales, cuyos ejes coinciden con los de los caballetes Las vigas que constituyen las dos cumbreras son perfiles laminados reforzados con cuatro angulares. Algunas partes de la cubierta vuelan hasta 7,9 m, en forma de ménsulas. La entrada principal está constituida por una especie de arco, cerrado con una pantalla en la que se han dejado unos huecos en forma de estrella que tienen gracia y simbolismo indudables. La construcción se inició montando las cumbreras convenientemente apoyadas con un entramado auxiliar y siguiendo después el montaje del resto de los elementos estructurales.

  3. Late Quaternary slip history of the Mill Creek strand of the San Andreas fault in San Gorgonio Pass, southern California: The role of a subsidiary left-lateral fault in strand switching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendrick, Katherine J.; Matti, Jonathan; Mahan, Shannon

    2015-01-01

    The fault history of the Mill Creek strand of the San Andreas fault (SAF) in the San Gorgonio Pass region, along with the reconstructed geomorphology surrounding this fault strand, reveals the important role of the left-lateral Pinto Mountain fault in the regional fault strand switching. The Mill Creek strand has 7.1–8.7 km total slip. Following this displacement, the Pinto Mountain fault offset the Mill Creek strand 1–1.25 km, as SAF slip transferred to the San Bernardino, Banning, and Garnet Hill strands. An alluvial complex within the Mission Creek watershed can be linked to palinspastic reconstruction of drainage segments to constrain slip history of the Mill Creek strand. We investigated surface remnants through detailed geologic mapping, morphometric and stratigraphic analysis, geochronology, and pedogenic analysis. The degree of soil development constrains the duration of surface stability when correlated to other regional, independently dated pedons. This correlation indicates that the oldest surfaces are significantly older than 500 ka. Luminescence dates of 106 ka and 95 ka from (respectively) 5 and 4 m beneath a younger fan surface are consistent with age estimates based on soil-profile development. Offset of the Mill Creek strand by the Pinto Mountain fault suggests a short-term slip rate of ∼10–12.5 mm/yr for the Pinto Mountain fault, and a lower long-term slip rate. Uplift of the Yucaipa Ridge block during the period of Mill Creek strand activity is consistent with thermochronologic modeled uplift estimates.

  4. Ettevaatust, disain! / Ilka Ruby, Andreas Ruby

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruby, Ilka

    2010-01-01

    Berliinis elavad arhitektuuri- ja kunstikriitikud disaini fetišeerimisest kaasaegses arhitektuuri avangardis. "Hea" disaini kasutamisest kurja jõu väljendusena filmikunstis. Kasutuspõhisest lähenemisest arhitektuurile

  5. Mida ootame Res Publica poliitikutelt? / Andreas Kaju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaju, Andreas

    2003-01-01

    Res Publica Juventus on piirkondadele saadetud küsitlustega otsinud vastuseid mitmetele probleemidele. Eesmärk Res Publica poliitilise käitumise raamide määramine. Tabel: Juventuse küsimused piirkondadele

  6. Õhtupoolik Tallinna kunstigaleriides / Andreas Trossek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trossek, Andreas, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    Moskva kunstniku Andrei Monastõrski isiknäitus Tallinna Kunstihoones. Austria kunstnike Thomas Hörl'i ja Peter Kozek'i näitus Tallinna Linnagaleriis. Näitus "Up Close and Personal" Draakoni ja Hobusepea galeriis, kuraator Marge Monko

  7. Parem teine kui viimane / Andreas Kaju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaju, Andreas

    2006-01-01

    Internet peaks olema kõikidele Eesti inimestele tagatud põhiõigus. Sama ka Võrumaa Teataja 25. mai 2006, lk. 2 ; Põhjarannik 25. mai 2006, lk. 2 ; Koit 25. mai 2006, lk. 6 ; Meie Maa 25. mai 2006, lk. 2 ; Sakala 26. mai lk. 2 ; Vooremaa 30. mai 2006, lk. 2 ; Hiiu Leht 30. mai 2006, lk. 2 ; Elva Postipoiss 3. juuni 2006, lk. 4 : Lääne Elu 30. mai 2006, lk. 2, pealkiri kujul : Tasuta internet etrvele riigile - parem teine kui viimane

  8. Raymond Pettibon, Ameerika, Eesti / Andreas Trossek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trossek, Andreas, 1980-

    2011-01-01

    Ameerika iseõppinud nüüdiskunstniku loomingust - tekstiga joonistused, videokunst, installatsioonikunst. Osales Tallinna XV graafikatriennaalil. Kunstniku ema Õie Peters põgenes sõja eest Saksamaale, onu Otto Peters (1919-) oli "soomepoiss"

  9. Interaction Between Early San Andreas Strike-Slip Faulting and Extensional Tectonism in the Chocolate Mountains: A Prologue to Growth of the Salton Trough Along the Plate Boundary in Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, R. E.; Fleck, R. J.

    2008-12-01

    The Chocolate Mountains (CM) along the NE margin of the southern Salton Trough (ST) lie NE of the post-5- Ma San Andreas fault (SAF) and SW of the early and middle Miocene Clemens Well-Fenner-San Francisquito strand (CW-F-SF) of the SAF system. The CM are a highly extended terrain that evolved during the late Oligocene-middle Miocene and is bounded by the CW fault. Constrained by reconstruction of a compelling array of paleogeologic patterns, the approximately 300 km displacement on the SAF NW of the Garlock fault is distributed to the SE on the SAF (ca 160 km, 0 to 5 Ma), San Gabriel fault (ca 40 km, 0-5 to 12 Ma), and CW-F-SF fault (ca 100 km, 13 to 17-22 Ma). The youngest rocks yet shown to be offset 300 km in southern CA are basalts in the Diligencia and Plush Ranch formations, as young as 22 Ma. Lack of evidence for a large-displacement dextral fault in AZ on-trend with the CW fault requires the existence of a tectonic mechanism for absorbing its dextral displacement to the SE. Structure in the CM manifests late Oligocene-middle Miocene extensional tectonism that culminated in exhumation of Orocopia Schist by tectonic denudation. In its early stages, tectonism was accompanied by sedimentation and by voluminous magma-generation producing a batholithic-to-volcanic edifice. The principal structural feature is a complexly faulted, NW-trending array of en echelon antiforms that runs the length of the range and continues SE into AZ and NW into the Orocopia Mts. In the anticlinorium core, Orocopia Schist is intruded by a late Oligocene composite batholith of mafic to felsic plutons. A succession of tectonic plates separated by detachment faults overlies the schist and plutons. The structurally lowest fault is ductile and juxtaposes mylonite against the schist. Three higher faults, all brittle, vertically stack plates of (1) Mesozoic orthogneiss, (2) little deformed Triassic and Jurassic plutonic rocks, Proterozoic gneiss and anorthosite, and dacitic to rhyolitic late

  10. Hans A. Bethe Prize Lecture: The Primordial Helium Abundance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peimbert, Manuel

    2012-03-01

    It is generally accepted that the production of the light elements (He, D, and Li) during the early stages of the expansion of the Universe is one of the three pillars of the Big Bang theory. The main results obtained from the observational determination of the primordial helium abundance, Yp, and its comparison with the value predicted by Big Bang Nucleosynthesis will be presented, in particular: a) the recognition that galaxies form with Yp in the 0.24 to 0.26 range, b) that Yp was produced during the Big Bang, c) that Yp is fundamental as a critical test for cosmological theories and the baryonic content of the Universe, and d) that the value of Yp provides an observational constraint on the number of light neutrino species, which is smaller than four and probably equal to three. In addition, the present status of the observationally determined Yp value based on extragalactic H II regions will be discussed.

  11. Hans A. Bethe Prize Talk: The Physics of Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnett, David

    2009-05-01

    John von Neumann speculated that computers might become sufficiently powerful that they could be used to solve analytically intractable problems numerically (he gave turbulence as an example), and that those ``numerical experiments" could be used to provide the insight necessary to develop analytic solutions. A case study will be presented in which we attempt in this way to use computer simulations of 3D turbulent flow in presupernova stars. We find that we can reproduce the simulations surprisingly well---on average---if we replace the viscous term with an effective damping which turns out to be similar to that inferred by Kolmogorov for a turbulent cascade. Stars are gravitationally-controlled thermonuclear reactors. Abundance change (and hence evolution) occurs because of nuclear burning, and mixing. It is now possible to treat this coupled problem in a self-consistent way, free of astronomically calibrated parameters. Implications for stellar evolution, nucleosynthesis yields, core collapse, supernova explosions, helio-seismology, and solar neutrinos will be discussed. It is argued that advances in the treatment of stellar fluid dynamics, along with new developments in laboratory astrophysics, now allow far more reliable predictions of how stars behave.

  12. Hans A. Bethe Prize: Mergers of Binary Compact Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalogera, Vassiliki

    2016-03-01

    The inspiral and eventual merger of two compact objects in binary systems are important in astrophysics across the electromagnetic spectrum and as potential gravitational-wave sources. In this talk I will select a few topics of current interest to highlight compact-object mergers, including in the context of multi-messenger astrophysics.

  13. From Bethe-Salpeter Wave Functions to Generalised Parton Distributions

    CERN Document Server

    Mezrag, C; Rodriguez-Quintero, J

    2016-01-01

    We review recent works on the modelling of Generalised Parton Distributions within the Dyson-Schwinger formalism. We highlight how covariant computations, using the impulse approximation, allows one to fulfil most of the theoretical constraints of the GPDs. Specific attention is brought to chiral properties and especially the so-called soft pion theorem, and its link with the Axial-Vector Ward-Takahashi identity. The limitation of the impulse approximation are also explained. Beyond impulse approximation computations are reviewed in the forward case. Finally, we stress the advantages of the overlap of lightcone wave functions, and possible ways to construct covariant GPD models within this framework, in a two-body approximation.

  14. Kp and Toda Tau Functions in Bethe Ansatz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takasaki, Kanehisa

    2011-10-01

    Recent work of Foda and his group on a connection between classical integrable hierarchies (the KP and 2D Toda hierarchies) and some quantum integrable systems (the 6-vertex model with DWBC, the finite XXZ chain of spin 1/2, the phase model on a finite chain, etc.) is reviewed. Some additional information on this issue is also presented.

  15. KP and Toda tau functions in Bethe ansatz

    CERN Document Server

    Takasaki, Kanehisa

    2010-01-01

    Recent work of Foda and his group on a connection between classical integrable hierarchies (the KP and 2D Toda hierarchies) and some quantum integrable systems (the 6-vertex model with DWBC, the finite XXZ chain of spin 1/2, the phase model on a finite chain, etc.) is reviewed. Some additional information on this issue is also presented.

  16. Yang-Baxter algebras, integrable theories and Bethe Ansatz

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the Yang-Baxter algebras (YBA) in a general framework stressing their power to exactly solve the lattice models associated to them. The algebraic Behe Ansatz is developed as an eigenvector construction based on the YBA. The six-vertex model solution is given explicitly. The generalization of YB algebras to face language is considered. The algebraic BA for the SOS model of Andrews, Baxter and Forrester is described using these face YB algebras. It is explained how these lattice models yield both solvable massive QFT and conformal models in appropriated scaling (continuous) limits within the lattice light-cone approach. This approach permit to define and solve rigorously massive QFT as an appropriate continuum limit of gapless vertex models. The deep links between the YBA and Lie algebras are analyzed including the quantum groups that underlay the trigonometric/hyperbolic YBA. Braid and quantum groups are derived from trigonometric/hyperbolic YBA in the limit of infinite spectral parameter. To conclude, some recent developments in the domain of integrable theories are summarized

  17. First-order rigidity transition on Bethe Lattices

    OpenAIRE

    Cristian F. Moukarzel; Duxbury, Phillip M.; Leath, Paul L.

    1997-01-01

    Tree models for rigidity percolation are introduced and solved. A probability vector describes the propagation of rigidity outward from a rigid border. All components of this ``vector order parameter'' are singular at the same rigidity threshold, $p_c$. The infinite-cluster probability $P_{\\infty}$ is usually first-order at $p_c$, but often behaves as $P_{\\infty} \\sim \\Delta P_{\\infty} + (p-p_c)^{1/2}$, indicating critical fluctuations superimposed on a first order jump. Our tree models for r...

  18. Unthought nature : reply to Penelope Deutscher and Mary Beth Mader.

    OpenAIRE

    Stone, Alison

    2008-01-01

    In response to Mader's and Deutscher's questions, the author defends her approach to reading Irigaray and Butler, which entails extending the ideas of these thinkers into areas of thought with which they do not engage directly themselves. This involves relating Irigaray's ideas to the tradition of the philosophy of nature and interpreting Butler as offering, in spite of her focus on the genealogy of claims about sex, also a theory of sex itself, a theory of sex as an effect entirely of gender...

  19. ANDREA: Advanced nodal diffusion code for reactor analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new macro code is being developed at NRI which will allow coupling of the advanced thermal-hydraulics model with neutronics calculations as well as efficient use in core loading pattern optimization process. This paper describes the current stage of the macro code development. The core simulator is based on the nodal expansion method, Helios lattice code is used for few group libraries preparation. Standard features such as pin wise power reconstruction and feedback iterations on critical control rod position, boron concentration and reactor power are implemented. A special attention is paid to the system and code modularity in order to enable flexible and easy implementation of new features in future. Precision of the methods used in the macro code has been verified on available benchmarks. Testing against Temelin PWR operational data is under way (Authors)

  20. Andreas Acrivos Dissertation Prize Lecture: Phytoplankton in Flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durham, William M.

    2012-11-01

    Phytoplankton are small, unicellular organisms that form the base of the marine food web and are cumulatively responsible for half the global oxygen production. While phytoplankton live in an environment characterized by ubiquitous fluid flow, the impact of hydrodynamic conditions on their ecology remain poorly understood. In this talk, I report on two novel biophysical mechanisms based on the interaction between phytoplankton motility and fluid shear. First, I will consider ``thin phytoplankton layers,'' important hotspots of ecological activity that are found meters beneath the ocean surface and contain cell concentrations up to two orders of magnitude above ambient. Using a combination of experiments, individual-based simulations, and continuum modeling, we have shown that layers can form when the vertical migration of phytoplankton is disrupted by hydrodynamic shear. This mechanism which we call ``gyrotactic trapping'' is capable of triggering thin phytoplankton layers under hydrodynamic conditions typical of the environments that often harbor thin layers. Second, I will discuss the potential for turbulent shear to produce patchiness in the spatial distribution of motile phytoplankton. Field measurements have revealed that motile phytoplankton form aggregations at the Kolmogorov scale, whereas non-motile cells do not. We propose a new mechanism for the formation of this small-scale patchiness based on the interplay of gyrotactic motility and turbulent shear. Using laboratory experiments, an analytical model of vortical flow, and isotropic turbulence generated via Direct Numerical Simulations, we found that motile phytoplankton rapidly aggregate, whereas non-motile cells remain randomly distributed. Taken together, these two mechanisms demonstrate that the interaction of cell motility with flow plays a fundamental role in phytoplankton ecology and, as a consequence, can contribute to shape macroscale characteristics of the ocean.