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  1. Young Lives Preliminary Country Report: Andhra Pradesh, India.

    OpenAIRE

    Galab, S.; Reddy, M. Gopinath; Antony, Piush; McCoy, Anne; Ravi, C.; Raju, D. Sreerama; Mayuri, K.; Reddy, P. Prudhivikar

    2003-01-01

    This report provides a brief literature review of general poverty (both income and non-income) and childhood poverty in India and the state of Andhra Pradesh. It also reviews national policies which have an impact on childhood poverty. The authors identify key national audiences for the Young Lives study, describe the study methods and present preliminary, descriptive results of the first round of Young Lives research. Existing data on poverty in India and Andhra Pradesh highlights the region...

  2. Overcoming Drought : Adaptation Strategies for Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank, (WB)

    2006-01-01

    Using recent advances in modeling climate-related risks and adjusting state of the art catastrophic risk modeling techniques to drought, the study conducts an innovative long-term assessment of drought risks in Andhra Pradesh, India, and suggests strategies to reduce their impact, under several economic, drought management and climate change scenarios. The analysis deepens an understanding...

  3. First record of Thelyphonus sepiaris (Butler 1873 (Uropygi: Thelyphonidae from Andhra Pradesh, India

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    S.M.M. Javed

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available During the preparation of an arachnid faunal inventory of Nallamalai Hills and Papikonda Hills of Eastern Ghats and Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh, three mature male specimens of whip-scorpions were collected and identified as Thelyphonus sepiaris (Butler 1873. The species is being recorded here for the first time from Andhra Pradesh, India.

  4. Distribution of Hemiphyllodactylus aurantiacus (Beddome, 1870 (Reptilia: Gekkonidae in Andhra Pradesh, India

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    S.M.M. Javed

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A recent herpetofaunal survey in Andhra Pradesh resulted in many noteworthy findings. We report new localities of Hemiphyllodactylus aurantiacus (Beddome, 1870 on the basis of collected specimens, sightings and literature records. We present the current distribution of this endemic gecko in Andhra Pradesh, southern India and add morphometric, meristic and natural history notes.

  5. Shift in Buffalo Population and Composition in relation to Cattle during Post Green Revolution period in Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Suhasini, K.; D.T. Raju; S.T.V. Rao

    2010-01-01

    Andhra Pradesh is an agrarian state located in peninsular India with semi-arid tropical climate; divided into three geo-political regions viz. Coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema and Telangana. Regional differences in agro climatic conditions and irrigation potential resulted in regional imbalances in overall development. Agricultural production in Andhra Pradesh is dominated by small and marginal farmers who practice traditional mixed farming system. Major changes that took place during green revolu...

  6. Combining Work and School: The Dynamics of Girls' Involvement in Agricultural Work in Andhra Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, Virginia; Vennam, Uma

    2010-01-01

    Child labour in India has long been the focus of research, policy concern and intervention. This article presents an analysis of children's involvement in agricultural work, particularly cottonseed production, drawing on evidence gathered for Young Lives in 2007 and 2008. In parts of Andhra Pradesh, children work in cotton fields for two or three…

  7. Organizational Climate as Perceived by Veterinary Assistant Surgeons of Andhra Pradesh in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratnayake, Talata Chandrakanthi; Gupta, Jancy

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To identify various organizational climatic factors responsible for role performances of veterinary officers in Andhra Pradesh, India. Design/methodology/approach: Study was conducted in 11 selected districts. Data were collected from 220 respondents through a pretested interview schedule and subjected to correlation and multiple…

  8. An ethnobotanical survey of Medicinal plants used by traditional healers of Thadvai, Warangal district, Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Soma Manjula , Estari Mamidala

    2013-01-01

    Since ancient times, plants have been used as medicine, foods, Agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals by large number of tribes, rural and urban people. India has more than 300 tribal communities. The tribal region of Andhra Pradesh has not received proper attention of ethnomedicinal researchers. Therefore, a survey of ethnomedicinal plants used by Koya tribes of Medaram and Narlapura villages which are on the south of the Godavari River, Thadvai Mandal, Warangal District; Andhra Pradesh, India wa...

  9. The birds of Araku, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

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    T.S. Kumar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Avifaunal survey carried out from December 2006 to September 2007 in Araku Valley, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, revealed the presence of a total of 147 species of birds belonging to 43 families. One-hundred-twelve species of birds in Araku Valley were resident breeders, 23 species winter visitors, nine species local migrants, two species passage migrants and one species summer visitor. Many bird species were seen in more than one habitat for nesting, roosting and foraging. The dominant feeding guild of birds was insectivorous. Four globally threatened species, namely, the Purple Wood-Pigeon Columba punicea Blyth, 1842, the Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga Pallas, 1811, the Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni Fleischer, 1818 and the Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus (S.G. Gmelin, 1770, were recorded during the survey from the area

  10. Mapping and Inventory of Forest Fires in Andhra Pradesh, India: Current Status and Conservation Needs

    OpenAIRE

    C. Sudhakar Reddy; P. Hari Krishna; Anitha, K.; Shijo Joseph

    2012-01-01

    Analyzing the spatial extent and distribution of forest fires is essential for sustainable forest management. The present study appraises the distribution of forest fires in one of the largest states in India, Andhra Pradesh, using satellite remote sensing. Advanced Wide Field Sensor (AWiFS) onboard on Indian Remote Sensing Satellite (IRS P6) was used for mapping and analyzing the spatial extent of burnt areas. Comparative analysis was carried out with respect to different forest types, prote...

  11. Hydrogeochemistry of Waters of Mangampeta Barite Mining Area, Cuddapah Basin, Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    NAGARAJU, Arveti

    2006-01-01

    The study is undertaken in the barite mining area of Mangampeta (Lat. 14° 01' N; Long. 79° 19' E), which is located in the Kodur Mandal of Cuddapah District, Andhra Pradesh, India. The important geological formations in this area are quartzites (quartz veins), carbonaceous tuff and dolomites. The paper presents the assessment of water quality for its suitability for agricultural and domestic purposes. The results of chemical analyses for the major ions of 50 water sample...

  12. Hydrogeochemistry of waters of Mangampeta barite mining area, Cuddapah Basin, Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    A. Nagaraju; S. Suresh; Killham, K; Hudson-Edwards, K.

    2006-01-01

    The study is undertaken in the barite mining area of Mangampeta. (Lat. 14° 01′ N; Long. 79° 19′ E), which is located in the Kodur Mandal of Cuddapah District, Andhra Pradesh, India. The important geological formations in this area are quartzites (quartz veins), carbonaceous tuff and dolomites. The paper presents the assessment of water quality for its suitability for agricultural and domestic purposes. The results of chemical analyses for the major ions of 50 water samples collected from the ...

  13. Cost and effectiveness analysis of immunization service delivery support in Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Suraratdecha, Chutima; Ramana, CBS Venkata; Kaipilyawar, Satish; Krishnamurthy, JVG; Sivalenka, Srilatha; Ambatipudi, Naveena; Gandhi, Sanjay; Umashankar, K; Cheyne, James

    2008-01-01

    The immunization service delivery support (ISDS) model was initiated in Andhra Pradesh, India, in November 2003 with the aim of strengthening immunization services through supportive supervision. The ISDS model involves a well-established supervision system built upon the existing health infrastructure. The objectives of this approach are to: (1) identify areas of high performance and those that need improvement, (2) assist staff in identifying and correcting wrong practices, (3) improve staf...

  14. Food demand, uncertainty and investments in human capital: three essays on rural Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Masset, Edoardo

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation provides some explanations of the causes of poverty in rural India, by investigating poverty determinants that are too often neglected in the literature and in policy debates. It proceeds in three main chapters, each addressing a specific research question. The first chapter focuses on the process of agricultural transformation in the state of Andhra Pradesh. In the early stages of economic development, all countries undergo a process of transformation of their production an...

  15. Assessment of Water Pollution in Tipparthy Revenue Sub-Division, Nalgonda (District), Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Medikondu Kishore; Y.Hanumantharao

    2010-01-01

    A systematic study has been carried out to explore the physicochemical characteristics of drinking water sources of Tipparthy revenue sub-division, Nalgonda (District), Andhra Pradesh, India. Totally 49 water samples were collected from the different locations (22 villages) of the study area including bore well, open well and hand pump water and analyzed for pH, EC, TDS, turbidity, total hardness, fluoride, chloride, nitrate, nitrite, sulphate, phosphates, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassiu...

  16. Feminist Collective Activism in Telangana, South India: Exemplary by the Andhra Pradesh Mahila Samatha Society

    OpenAIRE

    Ms Julia Guenther

    2014-01-01

    This research aims at contributing to the ongoing debate of feminist standpoint epistemology by introducing a study on feminist collective activism in Sangareddy and Yellareddy, two districts of the newly established 29th state of India, Telangana. The purpose here is to document the work of two sanghams (collectives) by the Andhra Pradesh Mahila Samatha Society (APMSS). The focus lies on songs created by Dalit and indigenous women, which are used as a form of, protest against societal and ge...

  17. METAL CONCENTRATION IN WATER AND SOIL SAMPLE NEAR A DYEING INDUSTRIAL UNIT, NAGRAI, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

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    P.C. NAGAJYOTHI

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Level of Cadmium, lead, nickel, zinc, copper, manganese, chromium and iron were determined in effluent released from a dyeing industry located at Nagari mandal, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Along with the effluent sample, ground water and soil were sampled at different distance from the effluent drain. It has been observed from experimental result that the concentration of metal in the soil are high compared to the ground water in the adjacent area of the effluent drain.

  18. Is there a boy bias in household education expenditure: the case of Andhra Pradesh in India

    OpenAIRE

    Himaz, Rozana

    2009-01-01

    This paper asks whether there is a boy bias in household-level education expenditure for households with children aged 5-19 years of age in Andhra Pradesh in India, based on round 2 of the Young Lives survey conducted in 2006. The sample contains 982 households comprising 2578 children. The analysis is based on both demand analysis and a hurdle model. The results show that there is a bias favouring boys in terms of school enrolment as the children get older, captured by age categories 10-...

  19. Design of a population-based study of visual impairment in India : The Andhra Pradesh eye disease study

    OpenAIRE

    Dandona Rakhi; Dandona Lalit; Naduvilath Thomas; Nanda Ashok; McCarty Catherine

    1997-01-01

    Reliable population-based epidemiologic data regarding vision and ocular morbidity, as well as those about the perceptions of people regarding visual impairment and eye care, are lacking for the most part in the developing world including India. These data are the basis on which effective eye care services can be developed. To meet this need we designed the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study, a population-based epidemiology study of 10,000 people in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The desig...

  20. Children’s perspectives on risk and vulnerability in contexts of poverty and change: findings from Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Vennam, Uma; Crivello, Gina; Kongara, Hymavathi

    2010-01-01

    Young Lives is a long-term study (2000–2015) of child poverty in Ethiopia, India (Andhra Pradesh), Peru and Vietnam. This paper presents findings based on research carried out between 2007 and 2008 with a group of boys and girls in Andhra Pradesh who participate in Young Lives. The research elicited children’s views on changes that affected their households and communities over a one-year period, including in relation to broader economic crises. While a positive economic ‘turnaround’ has been...

  1. Occurrence of thorite and radioactive zircon in syenite pegmatite, North of Ashwaraopet, Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports the occurrence of thorite and confirms the earlier find of radioactive zircon by Subbarao, Murali and others from syenite pegmatite in the Vinayakapuram-Kunavaram alkaline belt in the Khammam district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Thorite has also been found as residual concentrations in soil overlying the pegmatite. (author)

  2. On the occurrence of parasitic plant Balanophora fungosa J.R. Forster & G. Forster (Balanophoraceae in Andhra Pradesh, India

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    J. Prakasa Rao

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Balanophora fungosa J.R. Forster & G. Forster (Balanophoraceae, a holoparasitic species is recorded as an addition to the flora of Andhra Pradesh, India.  It is described here along with its distribution and threats.  Field photographs have been provided to facilitate identification of the species.

  3. Child Work and Schooling in a Backward Region of Andhra Pradesh, India: Observations from the Field

    OpenAIRE

    Motkuri, Venkatanarayana

    2006-01-01

    The paper made an attempt present the micro reality with respect to child work and educational deprivation of children in the form of observations made based on the field survey in a village of backward district in Andhra Pradesh. The discussion sheds light on the circumstances that lead to the widespread phenomenon of non-school-going children and flourishing child labour in several areas of Andhra Pradesh. The parents’ perceptions, which reinforce these trends, have also been highlighted.

  4. Anti Diabetic Plants Present In West Godavari District Of Andhra Pradesh India- A Short Review.

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    Venkata Narasimha Kadali

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes is considered as one of the chronic disease more prevalent in India and rest of the world. Chronic hyperglycemia leads to the destruction of different organs in the body.There are lots of synthetic drugs present in the market for the treatment of diabetes but they are prone to noxious effects to human systems. Herbs have natural inhibiting potency against various sorts of diseases and they are the ultimate source of bio active compounds which lacks toxic effects. Medicinal plants which have potent anti hyperglycemic effect have been identified and proved experimentally. In this short review an attempt has been made to review some of the medicinal plants such as Annona reticulata, Carica papaya, Coccinia grandis, Moringa oleifera, Murraya koenigi etc., of about 10 species which are proved to be anti diabetic present in the west godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, India.

  5. First record of Lesser Yellow House Bat Scotophilus kuhlii Leach, 1821 from Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India with a note on its diet

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    B. Srinivasulu

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available We report the specimen based record of Lesser Yellow House Bat Scotophilus kuhlii from Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. The morphometric, cranio-dental, bacular morphology and diet composition is presented.

  6. First record of Lesser Yellow House Bat Scotophilus kuhlii Leach, 1821 from Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India with a note on its diet

    OpenAIRE

    Srinivasulu, B.; C. Srinivasulu; P. Venkateshwarlu

    2010-01-01

    We report the specimen based record of Lesser Yellow House Bat Scotophilus kuhlii from Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. The morphometric, cranio-dental, bacular morphology and diet composition is presented.

  7. Physico-Chemical Analysis of Selected Groundwater Samples of Inkollu Mandal, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India

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    G. Arun Kumar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Physico-chemical parameters of groundwater quality based on Physic-chemical parameters at Inkollu mandal, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh, India have been taken up to evaluate its suitability for Drinking purpose. Nine ground water samples were collected from different places of Inkollu mandal of Prakasam district. The quality analysis has been made through the pH, EC, TDS, Total Hardness, Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Chloride, Sulphate, Nitrate, Fluoride and Iron. By observing the results, it was shown that the parameters from the water samples were compared with WHO (World Health Organization and BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards, USPH (United state Public health for ground water .The results revealed that some parameters were in high concentration and quality of the potable water has deteriorated to a large extent at some sampling locations.

  8. Study on airborne radioactivity levels in dwellings along Godavari river basin, Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Measurements on indoor radioactivity levels were carried out along the Godavari river belt in Khammam district of Andhra Pradesh, India to establish radiation profile along the river eco-system. Solid State Nuclear Track Detector (S.S.N.T.D.) based dosimetric systems were used to estimate the indoor radon/thoron and their progeny levels. The measured average values of indoor radon and thoron concentrations were found to be 43.2±13.9 and 22.6±16.8 Bq m-3 and the corresponding progeny levels were 3.57 and 8.12 m WL ( working level), respectively. The season-wise variations of radon/thoron concentrations and their progeny levels were also studied. The annual effective dose estimations were carried out using UNSCEAR dose conversion factors. The natural background gamma radiation levels were also measured using thermoluminescence dosimeters and μR-survey meter. (authors)

  9. Cost-effectiveness of HIV prevention interventions in Andhra Pradesh state of India

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    Kumar G Anil

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Information on cost-effectiveness of the range of HIV prevention interventions is a useful contributor to decisions on the best use of resources to prevent HIV. We conducted this assessment for the state of Andhra Pradesh that has the highest HIV burden in India. Methods Based on data from a representative sample of 128 public-funded HIV prevention programs of 14 types in Andhra Pradesh, we have recently reported the number of HIV infections averted by each type of HIV prevention intervention and their cost. Using estimates of the age of onset of HIV infection, we used standard methods to calculate the cost per Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY saved as a measure of cost-effectiveness of each type of HIV prevention intervention. Results The point estimates of the cost per DALY saved were less than US $50 for blood banks, men who have sex with men programmes, voluntary counselling and testing centres, prevention of parent to child transmission clinics, sexually transmitted infection clinics, and women sex worker programmes; between US $50 and 100 for truckers and migrant labourer programmes; more than US $100 and up to US $410 for composite, street children, condom promotion, prisoners and workplace programmes and mass media campaign for the general public. The uncertainty range around these estimates was very wide for several interventions, with the ratio of the high to the low estimates infinite for five interventions. Conclusions The point estimates for the cost per DALY saved from the averted HIV infections for all interventions was much lower than the per capita gross domestic product in this Indian state. While these indicative cost-effectiveness estimates can inform HIV control planning currently, the wide uncertainty range around estimates for several interventions suggest the need for more firm data for estimating cost-effectiveness of HIV prevention interventions in India.

  10. Design of a population-based study of visual impairment in India : The Andhra Pradesh eye disease study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dandona Rakhi

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Reliable population-based epidemiologic data regarding vision and ocular morbidity, as well as those about the perceptions of people regarding visual impairment and eye care, are lacking for the most part in the developing world including India. These data are the basis on which effective eye care services can be developed. To meet this need we designed the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study, a population-based epidemiology study of 10,000 people in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The design of this study is described in this paper. Various options for the sample size, study areas, sampling procedure, and recruitment of subjects were considered. A sample size of 10,000 people, 5,000 each in the < or = 30 and > 30 years age groups, was determined to obtain reasonable confidence in estimating the prevalence of diseases and odds ratios for risk factors of interest. A multistage sampling strategy was chosen for the study which was assumed to give a design effect of 1.5 for the estimates. One urban area, Hyderabad, and three rural areas, West Godavari, Adilabad and Mahbubnagar districts, were selected in Andhra Pradesh. Interview instruments were developed to obtain detailed information about demographic data, diet, ocular and systemic history, risk factors for eye diseases, visual function, quality of life, barriers to eye care, and knowledge about eye diseases. A detailed examination procedure was devised to obtain a broad range of normative and abnormal data related to eyes and vision. A protocol was developed for doing automated visual fields, slitlamp and fundus photography. Computer databases were made in FoxPro for data entry and subsequent analysis with SPSS. Pilot studies were done to test the instruments, procedures, and logistics of the study in urban and rural areas. Information from the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study is expected to help in planning and implementation of effective long-term preventive, curative, and

  11. Applicability of Two Universally Accepted Mixed Dentition Analysis on a Sample from Southeastern Region of Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Shobha, MB; AJS, Sai; Manoj, KMG; Srideevi, E; Sridhar, M.; Pratap, GMJS

    2016-01-01

    Background: Most of the universally accepted mixed dentition analyses are based on the data derived from northwestern European descent. However, the accuracy of these methods when applied to different ethnic population is questionable. Aim: The present study is aimed to evaluate the applicability of Tanaka and Johnston (TJ) and Moyers (50th and 75th percentile) mixed dentition analysis in a sample from south-eastern region of Andhra Pradesh, India. Subjects and Methods: Study models were prep...

  12. Confidentiality, Privacy, and Respect: Experiences of Female Sex Workers Participating in HIV Research in Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Reed, Elizabeth; Khoshnood, Kaveh; Blankenship, Kim M.; Fisher, Celia B.

    2014-01-01

    Female sex workers (FSW) from Andhra Pradesh, India who had participated in HIV research were interviewed to examine participant perspectives on research ethics. Content analysis indicated that aspects of the consent process, staff gender and demeanor, study environment, survey content, time requirements for study participation, and perceived FSW community support for research were key factors influencing whether FSW perceived their confidentiality and privacy had been maintained, and whether...

  13. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios of subtidal benthic invertebrates in an estuarine mangrove ecosystem (Andhra Pradesh, India)

    OpenAIRE

    Bouillon, Steven; Raman, AV; Dauby, P; F. Dehairs

    2002-01-01

    In order to assess the relative trophic importance of mangrove litterfall and aquatic primary production in the mangrove creeks of the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (Andhra Pradesh, India) and the adjacent semi-enclosed Kakinada Bay, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios were determined in a variety of benthic invertebrate species collected at 22 sites during the pre-monsoon period (May-June) of 1997 and 1999. delta(13)C values showed little interspecific variation at any given location, but...

  14. Prospects of Employment Growth in Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Motkuri, Venkatanarayana

    2013-01-01

    The present paper examines the changes in work participation rates, participation rate in education and the growth of employment, and explores the prospects of employment growth in the state of Andhra Pradesh (India) in the scenario of declining population growth which acts as a limiting factors for the further employment growth.

  15. Recent sightings of the Hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata (Linnaeus, 1757 on the coast of Northern Andhra Pradesh, India

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    K.L.N Murthy

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The coast of Northern Andhra Pradesh has predominantly rocky and sandy shores with sporadic nesting sites of olive ridley turtles Lepidochelys olivacea. However, there have been rare sightings of hawksbill turtles Eretmochelys imbricata along this coast in the past couple of decades and their nesting is seldom observed. Carcasses of two adult hawksbill turtles were observed on 29/12/2010 and 07/03/2011 along the coast of Visakhapatnam in Northern Andhra Pradesh, India. These sightings of dead hawksbill turtles along this coast come recently after a long gap of several years and emphasize on the need to carry out surveys in the area for devising effective long term conservation management strategies.

  16. Shift in Buffalo Population and Composition in relation to Cattle during Post Green Revolution period in Andhra Pradesh, India

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    K. Suhasini

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Andhra Pradesh is an agrarian state located in peninsular India with semi-arid tropical climate; divided into three geo-political regions viz. Coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema and Telangana. Regional differences in agro climatic conditions and irrigation potential resulted in regional imbalances in overall development. Agricultural production in Andhra Pradesh is dominated by small and marginal farmers who practice traditional mixed farming system. Major changes that took place during green revolution phase lead to increased irrigation potential, shifts in crops and cropping pattern, farm mechanization and fragmentation of land holding had direct impact on livestock sector. Cattle were predominant in the state during pre-green revolution period except in Coastal Andhra. Among cattle 44% were males, emphasizing their role as draft animal. By 2003, it was reduced to 15 %. Among buffaloes, proportion of females and young stock recorded an increase of about 20% indicating shift in farmer’s preference for milch buffaloes. The increase in proportion of male cattle; female and young buffaloes in Telangana indicate that farmers in this region prefer to keep cattle for draft and buffaloes for milk production. Spatial and temporal trends along with shifts in composition in cattle and buffaloes are discussed.

  17. A cohort study of lymphatic filariasis on socio economic conditions in Andhra Pradesh, India.

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    Suryanaryana Murty Upadhyayula

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of socioeconomic variables on lymphatic filariasis in endemic villages of Karimnagar district, Andhra Pradesh, India. METHODS: A pilot scale study was conducted in 30 villages of Karimnagar district from 2004 to 2007. These villages were selected based on previous reports from department of health, Government of Andhra Pradesh, epidemiology, entomology and socioeconomic survey was conducted as per protocol. Collected data were analysed statistically by Chi square test, Principal Component Analysis, Odds ratio, Bivariate, multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Total of 5,394 blood samples collected and screened for microfilaria, out of which 199 were found to be positive (3.7%. The socioeconomic data of these respondents/participants were correlated with MF prevalence. The socioeconomic variables like educational status (Odds Ratio (OR = 2.6, 95% Confidence Interval (CI = 1.1-6.5, house structure (hut OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 1.2-3.1; tiled OR = 1.3, 95% CI = 0.8-2 and participation in mass drug administration program (OR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.3-2.6 were found to be highly associated with the occurrence of filarial disease. The socioeconomic index was categorized into low (3.6%; OR-1.1, 95% CI: 0.7-1.5 medium (4.9%; OR-1.5, 95% CI = 1-2.1 and high (3.3% in relation to percentage of filarial parasite prevalence. A significant difference was observed among these three groups while comparing the number of cases of filaria with the type of socioeconomic conditions of the respondents (P = 0.067. CONCLUSIONS: From this study it is inferred that age, education of family, type of house structure and awareness about the filarial disease directly influenced the disease prevalence. Beside annual mass drug administration program, such type of analysis should be undertaken by health officials to target a few socioeconomic factors to reduce the disease burden. Health education

  18. Maternal autonomy is inversely related to child stunting in Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shroff, Monal; Griffiths, Paula; Adair, Linda; Suchindran, Chirayath; Bentley, Margaret

    2009-01-01

    Child stunting, an outcome of chronic undernutrition, contributes to poor quality of life, morbidity and mortality. In South Asia, the low status of women is thought to be one of the primary determinants of undernutrition across the lifespan. Low female status can result in compromised health outcomes for women, which in turn are related to lower infant birthweight and may affect the quality of infant care and nutrition. Maternal autonomy (defined as a woman's personal power in the household and her ability to influence and change her environment) is likely an important factor influencing child care and ultimately infant and child health outcomes. To examine the relationship between maternal autonomy and child stunting in Andhra Pradesh, India, we analysed data from National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-2. We used cross-sectional demographic, health and anthropometric information for mothers and their oldest child economic status and mother's education. In this south Indian state, two dimensions of female autonomy have an independent effect on child growth, suggesting the need for interventions that increase women's financial and physical autonomy. PMID:19161545

  19. A study of cephalic index and facial index in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

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    K. Lakshmi Kumari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The description of the human body has been a major concern since ancient times. The use of medical terminology enhances reliability of comparison made between studies from different areas thereby contributing higher level of scientific evidence. Cephalic index is an important parameter in forensic medicine, anthropology and genetics to know the sex and racial differences between individuals. Facial index is useful index for forensic scientists, plastic surgeons and anatomist. The parameters are useful for plastic surgeons during treatment of congenital and traumatic deformities, identification of individuals in medicolegal cases by forensic scientists and identifying craniofacial deformities of genetic syndromes by geneticist. Methods: 170 males and 110 female adults from Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India region are included in this study. Anthropometric points for cephalic index were measured by using spreading calipers. Facial index measurements were taken by measuring tape. All measurements were taken in subjects sitting in relaxed condition and subjects head is in anatomical position. Cranial index and facial index were calculated as per the formula. Results: Maximum number of males with mean cephalic index values of 80.21 were observed as mesocephalic and female with mean value of 79.25 observed as brachycephalic. Regarding facial index males were leptoprosopic and females were mesoprosopic. Conclusion: Cephalic index and facial index were terms used by anthropologists, anatomists, plastic surgeons and forensic scientists to identify individual's race and sex for treatment of craniofacial deformities. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(3.000: 656-658

  20. Seasonal Distribution of Phytoplankton in Riwada Reservoir, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

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    Jyothi KAPARAPU

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The present study deals with seasonal variations, correlation coefficient and biodiversity indices of phytoplankton during April 2011 to March 2012 in the Riwada reservoir, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India. Sampling was performed at five stations during pre-monsoon, monsoon and post monsoon. There were a total of 57 genera belonging to four major groups i.e., Chlorophyceae (27 genera, Bacillariophyceae (14 genera, Cyanophyceae (13 genera and Euglenophyceae (three genera. Maximum and minimum total phytoplankton population and percentages were recorded at station three in pre monsoon and at station two during monsoon. The maximum and minimum species richness (Menhinick index R2 were found to be 1.29 at station one and 1.10 at station three respectively. Maximum and minimum species diversity (H1 were found at station four (3.98 and station two (3.71. Maximum species evenness was recorded at stations one, being four and five; minimum species evenness was recorded at station two. Correlation coefficient matrix indicated significant positive relationship with water temperature, pH, transparency, biological oxygen demand and chlorides, negative relationship with electric conductivity, total solids, total dissolved solids, total hardness, dissolved oxygen, nitrates, sulphates and phosphates of water. The diversity indices showed that the reservoir have a well balanced phytoplankton community.

  1. Feminist Collective Activism in Telangana, South India: Exemplary by the Andhra Pradesh Mahila Samatha Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms Julia Guenther

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This research aims at contributing to the ongoing debate of feminist standpoint epistemology by introducing a study on feminist collective activism in Sangareddy and Yellareddy, two districts of the newly established 29th state of India, Telangana. The purpose here is to document the work of two sanghams (collectives by the Andhra Pradesh Mahila Samatha Society (APMSS. The focus lies on songs created by Dalit and indigenous women, which are used as a form of, protest against societal and gender inequality. Those songs contribute in making a positive difference on a local level. Analysis of two group interviews strengthens this argument. The sanghams have shown that despite all societal differences, solidarity among women for a common cause can make a difference in combating social issues on a local level. Taking the APMSS as an example, this research shows that the use of a holistic approach to education to support women in their responses to social issues has an overall positive effect on women. Furthermore, and most importantly, women are strengthened in believing that their life-experiences matter. My research shows that literacy is not necessarily needed to be a successful advocate for women´s rights. What is needed, however, is an understanding of local contexts, social issues and ultimately the ability to link them to life-experiences.

  2. Ianthinite: A rare hydrous uranium oxide mineral from Akkavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yamuna Singh; R Viswanathan; K K Parashar; S K Srivastava; P V Ramesh Babu; P S Parihar

    2014-02-01

    Ianthinite is the only known uranyl oxide hydrate mineral that contains both U6+ and U4+. For the first time, we report ianthinite from India (at Akkavaram, Andhra Pradesh), which is hosted in basement granitoids. The mineral occurs in the form of tiny grains, encrustations and coatings in intimate association with uraninite and uranophane. X-ray diffraction (XRD) data reveals that d-spacings of the investigated ianthinite are in close agreement with the corresponding values given for ianthinite standard in International Centre for Diffraction Data (ICDD) card no. 12-272. The crystallographic parameters of the studied ianthinite are: ao = 11.3 (1) Å, bo = 7.19 (3) Å and co = 30.46 (8) Å, with a unit cell volume of 2474 (27) Å3. The association of investigated ianthinite with uraninite suggests that the former has formed due to oxidation of the latter. Since a major part of the uraninite was exposed to oxidizing meteoric water, much of it has been transformed into hydrous uranium oxide (ianthinite) and very little part remained unaltered as uranium oxide (uraninite). Absence of schoepite in the investigated ianthinite suggests that after its formation it (ianthinite) was not exposed to oxygen/oxidizing meteoric water. As the oxidation was partial and short lived, some amount of primary uraninite is also preserved.

  3. Past rainfall reconstruction using speleothem from Nakarallu cave, kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Nitesh; Gandhi, Naveen; Chakraborty, Supriyo; Krishnan, Raghvendra; Ramesh, Rengaswamy; Yadava, Madhusudan; Datye, Amey

    2016-04-01

    Isotopic analysis of a speleothem sample from the Nakarallu cave Kapdapa, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA has been carried out aimed at high resolution rainfall reconstruction for the peninsular India. Micromill was used to extract carbonate samples with a spatial resolution of 150 μm corresponding to about one year resolution. 1134 samples have been extracted for isotopic measurements. Samples were analysed on a delta V plus IRMS for δ18O and δ13C with precision better than 0.1‰. A precise chronology of the samples was established using U-Th dating. A 1600 Yr record of d18O was produced spanning between 1700 to 3300 Yr BP with annual to sub-annual resolution. The d18O record showed a linear declining trend ca, ~ -4‰ which corresponded to an increase in rainfall approximately 200 mm during the above mentioned study period. Spectral analysis of oxygen isotopic record reveals multi-decadal variability which may represent a ~50 year periodicity in the monsoon rainfall of the peninsular India; this kind of variability may arise due to amplitude modulation of El- Niño & Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO) as well as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) is also characterized by 50--80 year multi-decadal variability. An understanding and mechanism of multi-decadal variability could be established using such a long term high resolution past record of rainfall variability. To assess their paleoclimatic significance elemental analysis were also carried out in this speleothem sample. Reconstructed time series and its comparisons with speleothem records from nearby region will be presented.

  4. Indoor radon studies along the northeast coast of Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The beach sands of the northeast coast of Andhra Pradesh are well known for heavy metal mineralization and can be main source of radon. The assessment of indoor radioactivity levels has been carried out by choosing 13 villages along the north east coast of Andhra Pradesh covering around 150 km from Vishakapattanam to Kalingapattanam, The SSNTD based twin chamber dosimeters are employed for the assessment of the concentration of radon and its progeny levels. The radon concentrations in this study area are found to vary from 25 to 198 Bq.m-3 with a mean of 65 ± 35 Bq.m-3, The variation of indoor radon levels with different types of dwellings is also analyzed. Radon levels found to be elevated in dwellings constructed with mud walls and the complete analysis is discussed in detail. (author)

  5. India - Andhra Pradesh Drought Adaptation Initiative : Lessons from Community-based Adaptation Approaches to Strengthen Climate Resilience

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2011-01-01

    This report presents the impact and lessons learned from the Andhra Pradesh Drought Adaptation Initiative (APDAI). The APDAI was implemented as a package of pilot activities in two dryland districts in Andhra Pradesh (Anantapur and Mahbubnagar) with the aim of developing and testing approaches for natural resource-based economic activities to better respond to current climate variability a...

  6. A critical analysis of the English language textbooks in Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Anjaneyulu, Thotapally

    2015-01-01

    English Language Teaching is very important because of the global status of English. English Language Teaching is a process that requires great efforts on the part of all the participants. Textbooks are the most important elements of teaching process for the aims and objectives of a course. In view of the importance of English as a foreign language in Andhra Pradesh, the researcher has examined the existing textbooks and system of teaching English in order to point out the shortcomings which ...

  7. Resistance of Some Timbers of Andhra Pradesh Against Marine Borer Attack at Four Ports on India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Kalyanasundaram

    1974-07-01

    Full Text Available Observations on the underwater durability of thirteen species of times growth in Andhra Pradesh against marine borer attack at four ports of Naval interest are recorded. Intensity of borer attack was found to vary from port to port, maximum observed being at Port Blair, with Goa, Bombay and Visakhapatnam following in that order. Comparison of borer activity in the harbours studies with past observations has revealed that a change in eco-systems may be occurring at Visakhapatnam harbour.

  8. Medicinal Plant-Lore of Sugali Tribe of Anantapur District, Andhra Pradesh, India.

    OpenAIRE

    Reddy, M. Hamambara; Reddy, K. Eshwara; Venkataraju, R.R

    2000-01-01

    The preliminary investigations of crude during resources of sugali tribes of Anantapur district, Andhra Pradesh with their recipes, preparation of drugs, administration, usage form several centuries. Fifty plant crude drugs (species) belong to twenty nine families were collected based on folk-lore knowledge. Botanical name, family name, part used, mode of preparation and administration and purpose, for which it as been used were enumerated.

  9. Open Governance and Surveillance: A Study of the National Rural Employment Program in Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Veeraraghavan, Rajesh

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation grapples with the questions: Does transparency lead to accountability? Is it possible to "democratize" surveillance, turning surveillance into an instrument of democratic control over state bureaucracy? Can a state bureaucracy combine visions of surveillance within the state and "openness" to citizens to help police itself? To address these questions, I studied an "open governance" project located in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and involving the countrywide National ...

  10. ETHNO BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS IN KHAMMAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    M. Bala Krishna; Mythili, S.; K.Sravan Kumar; Ravinder, B.; Murali, T.; T.Mahender

    2011-01-01

    Ethnobotanical surveys were conducted in four different indigenous groups in Khammam District of Andhra Pradesh. The herbal practitioners in the study area were interviewed and information on medicinal plants was collected from the traditional healers called Vaidyars. This survey covers 96 medicinal plants belonging to 44 families that are used for the treatment of various diseases in a traditional way. Traditional approach was evaluated scientifically with some selected plant extracts to cur...

  11. Applications of Remote sensing and Geographical information system techniques on Geomorphological mapping of coastal part of East Godavari district. Andhra Pradesh, India.

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Padma kumari, K; Jnaneswari,D; Dr.SubbaRao, D.V; Sridhar, P

    2012-01-01

    In this paper an attempt has been made to study of mapping of the geomorphological land forms, using remote sensing and GIS techniques in the coastal part of East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India on 1: 50,000 scale. The Godavari delta, is termed as the rice bowl of Andhra Pradesh and second longest river 1465 km in the country spreads over an area of about 5100 sq km on the east coast of India bordering the Bay of Bengal and is a densely populated zone of intense economic activity, Fe...

  12. Barriers to accessing eye care services among visually impaired populations in rural Andhra Pradesh, South India

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    Kovai Vilas

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To understand the reasons why people in rural south India with visual impairment arising from various ocular diseases do not seek eye care. Materials and Methods: A total of 5,573 persons above the age of 15 were interviewed and examined in the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh covering the districts of Adilabad, West Godavari and Mahaboobnagar. A pre-tested structured questionnaire on barriers to eye care was administered by trained field investigators. Results: Of the eligible subjects, 1234 (22.1%, N=5573 presented with distant visual acuity < 20/60 or equivalent visual field loss in the better eye. Of these, 898 (72.7%, N=1234 subjects had not sought treatment despite noticing a decrease in vision citing personal, economic and social reasons. The analysis also showed that the odds of seeking treatment was significantly higher for literates [odds ratio (OR 1.91, 95% confidence interval (CI 1.38 to 2.65], for those who would be defined as blind by visual acuity category (OR 1.35, 95% CI 0.96 to 1.90 and for those with cataract and other causes of visual impairment (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.11 to 2.03. Barriers to seeking treatment among those who had not sought treatment despite noticing a decrease in vision over the past five years were personal in 52% of the respondents, economic in 37% and social in 21%. Conclusion: Routine planning for eye care services in rural areas of India must address the barriers to eye care perceived by communities to increase the utilization of services.

  13. Chemistry and quality of groundwater in a coastal region of Andhra Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, N. Subba; Vidyasagar, G.; Surya Rao, P.; Bhanumurthy, P.

    2014-11-01

    The chemistry of groundwater in the coastal region between Chirala and Ongole of Andhra Pradesh, India shows pollution to varying extent. The relative contribution of ions in six zones divided based on TDS indicates unsuitability of groundwater here for drinking, irrigation and industrial use. The water is brackish except in first zone and further alkaline. TDS is less than 1,000 mg/L in first zone, while it is more in other zones. This classification of groundwater into zones is also investigated by hydrogeochemical facies, genetic classification, mechanisms of groundwater chemistry and geochemical signatures. Hydrogeochemical facies of Na+>Mg2+>Ca2+: {{HCO}}3^{ - } > Cl- > SO 4^{2 - } is observed from zone I, while that of Na+>Mg2+>Ca2+:Cl- > HCO 3^{ - } > SO 4^{2 - } from second to sixth zones. The genetic classification of groundwater in first and second zones is HCO 3^{ - } type and supported by good drainage conditions, while zones III to VI belong to Cl- category evident from poor drainage scenario. The location of six zones on mechanisms of groundwater chemistry supports sluggish drainage conditions of second to six zones, while predominate rock-water interaction in first zone. The geochemical signatures (HCO 3^{ - } :Cl- > 1 and Na+:Cl- pollution. The quantities of chemical species (Mg2+, Na+, K+, HCO 3^{ - } , Cl ^{ - } , SO 4^{2 - } , NO 3^{ - } and F ^{ - } ) and TDS in all zones are far greater than the stipulated limits for drinking. The United States Salinity Laboratory plots discriminated the suitability of groundwater in second to sixth zones for irrigation after only special soil treatment. Higher concentrations of TDS, HCO 3^{ - } , Cl- and SO 4^{2 - } in all zones render it unsuitable for industry too. This information is crucial for public and civic authorities for taking up strategic management plan for preventing further deterioration of hydrogeochemical environmental conditions of this part of the coastal region.

  14. Optimum stand density of Leucaena leucocephala for wood production in Andhra Pradesh, Southern India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leucaena leucocephala is widely used as raw material for the manufacture of paper and packaging material and in biomass based power plants in the state of Andhra Pradesh, Southern India. Experiments were conducted to study the affect of tree density on the growth, biomass partitioning and wood productivity. Six treatments 1 x 1 m, 1.3 x 1.3 m, 3 x 0.75 m, 3 x 1 m, 5 x 0.8 m and 3 x 2 m corresponding to a tree density of 10,000, 6666, 4444, 3333, 2500 and 1666 were evaluated with leucaena variety K636. At 51 months after planting, spacings significantly influenced tree height, diameter at breast height (DBH), number of branches and biomass partitioning. Wider tree rows resulted in greater tree height and diameter growth resulting in higher per plant productivity. At harvest, 70% of trees in 3 x 2 m attained a diameter of more than 7.5 cm, while 35% of the trees attained the same DBH in 1 x 1 m spacing. Increased spacing levels decreased the relative amount of growth allocated to the bole of the tree. Marketable biomass yield was highest with 1 x 1 m spacing. Spacing of 3 x 0.75 m produced marketable biomass comparable to that of 1 x 1 m and greater proportion of stems with more than 5 cm diameter. Leucaena can be grown at 3 x 0.75 m spacing either for pulpwood or fuelwood depending on the prevailing market prices and demand. (author)

  15. Optimum stand density of Leucaena leucocephala for wood production in Andhra Pradesh, Southern India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leucaena leucocephala is widely used as raw material for the manufacture of paper and packaging material and in biomass based power plants in the state of Andhra Pradesh, Southern India. Experiments were conducted to study the affect of tree density on the growth, biomass partitioning and wood productivity. Six treatments 1 x 1 m, 1.3 x 1.3 m, 3 x 0.75 m, 3 x 1 m, 5 x 0.8 m and 3 x 2 m corresponding to a tree density of 10,000, 6666, 4444, 3333, 2500 and 1666 were evaluated with leucaena variety K636. At 51 months after planting, spacings significantly influenced tree height, diameter at breast height (DBH), number of branches and biomass partitioning. Wider tree rows resulted in greater tree height and diameter growth resulting in higher per plant productivity. At harvest, 70% of trees in 3 x 2 m attained a diameter of more than 7.5 cm, while 35% of the trees attained the same DBH in 1 x 1 m spacing. Increased spacing levels decreased the relative amount of growth allocated to the bole of the tree. Marketable biomass yield was highest with 1 x 1 m spacing. Spacing of 3 x 0.75 m produced marketable biomass comparable to that of 1 x 1 m and greater proportion of stems with more than 5 cm diameter. Leucaena can be grown at 3 x 0.75 m spacing either for pulpwood or fuelwood depending on the prevailing market prices and demand.

  16. Environmental radioactivity studies in the proposed Lambapur and Peddagattu uranium mining areas of Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinay Kumar Reddy, K; Gopal Reddy, Ch; Vidya Sagar, D; Yadagiri Reddy, P; Rama Reddy, K

    2012-08-01

    The present work was aimed at the establishment of baseline radioactive data in the proposed Lambapur and Peddagattu uranium mining areas in the Andhra Pradesh state, India. The background concentrations of naturally occurring radioactivity in the near-surface soils of the study areas were estimated and the results were analysed. The (238)U concentration in the near-surface soil of the study area was found to vary from 100 to 176 Bq kg(-1), with a mean of 138±24 Bq kg(-1). (232)Th in the study area soils was found to vary between 64 and 116 Bq kg(-1), with a mean of 83±15 Bq kg(-1). The (40)K concentration was found to vary between 309 and 373 Bq kg(-1), with a mean of 343±20 Bq kg(-1). The mean natural background radiation levels were also measured with thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetry technique and with a µR-survey meter, in the villages of the study area. Dose rates measured by TL are found to vary from 1287 to 3363 μGy y(-1), with a mean of 2509 ± 424 μGy y(-1). The dose rates measured in the same villages with a μR-survey meter were found to be in the range of 1211-3255 μGy y(-1), with a mean of 2524 ± 395 μGy y(-1). The mean radiation levels in the study area are found to be relatively high when compared with (Indian) national and international averages. Correlations among radon, thoron and gamma dose rates were found to be poor. The pre-operational data produced in this work will be useful for comparison with future radiation levels during the proposed uranium mining operations. PMID:22319131

  17. Consumer preferences for household water treatment products in Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poulos, Christine; Yang, Jui-Chen; Patil, Sumeet R; Pattanayak, Subhrendu; Wood, Siri; Goodyear, Lorelei; Gonzalez, Juan Marcos

    2012-08-01

    Over 5 billion people worldwide are exposed to unsafe water. Given the obstacles to ensuring sustainable improvements in water supply infrastructure and the unhygienic handling of water after collection, household water treatment and storage (HWTS) products have been viewed as important mechanisms for increasing access to safe water. Although studies have shown that HWTS technologies can reduce the likelihood of diarrheal illness by about 30%, levels of adoption and continued use remain low. An understanding of household preferences for HWTS products can be used to create demand through effective product positioning and social marketing, and ultimately improve and ensure commercial sustainability and scalability of these products. However, there has been little systematic research on consumer preferences for HWTS products. This paper reports the results of the first state-of-the-art conjoint analysis study of HWTS products. In 2008, we conducted a conjoint analysis survey of a representative sample of households in Andhra Pradesh (AP), India to elicit and quantify household preferences for commercial HWTS products. Controlling for attribute non-attendance in an error components mixed logit model, the study results indicate that the most important features to respondents, in terms of the effect on utility, were the type of product, followed by the extent to which the product removes pathogens, the retail outlet and, the time required to treat 10 L. Holding all other product attributes constant, filters were preferred to combination products and chemical additives. Department stores and weekly markets were the most favorable sales outlets, followed by mobile salespeople. In general, households do not prefer to purchase HWTS products at local shops. Our results can inform the types of products and sales outlets that are likely to be successful in commercial HWTS markets in AP, as well as the influence of different pricing and financing strategies on product demand

  18. Outputs and cost of HIV prevention programmes for truck drivers in Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dandona Rakhi

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background HIV prevention programmes for truck drivers form part of the HIV control efforts, but systematic data on the outputs and cost of providing such services in India are not readily available for further planning and use of resources. Methods Detailed cost and output data were collected from written records and interviews for 2005–2006 fiscal year using standardized methods at six sampled HIV prevention programmes for truck drivers in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The total economic cost for these programmes was computed and the relation of unit cost of services per truck driver with programme scale was assessed using regression analysis. Results A total of 120,436 truck drivers were provided services by the six programmes of which 55.9% were long distance truck drivers. The annual economic cost of providing services to a truck driver varied between programmes from US$ 1.52 to 4.56 (mean US$ 2.49. There was an inverse relation between unit economic cost of serving a truck driver and scale of the programme (R2 = 0.63; p = 0.061. The variation between programmes in the average number of contacts made by the programme staff with truck drivers was 1.3 times versus 5.8 times for contacts by peer educators. Only 1.7% of the truck drivers were referred by the programmes for counseling and HIV testing. Conclusion These data provide information for further planning of HIV prevention programmes for truck drivers and estimating the resources needed for such programmes. The findings suggest the need to strengthen the role of peer educators and increase referral of truck drivers for HIV testing.

  19. Microbial Biodiversity Screening for Metal Accumulators from Mineral Ore Rich Site in Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya K. Sarkar

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Since the site selected for screening was a source of magnetite, the objective of this study was to isolate some groups of magnetotactic bacteria and microbes with potential of metal accumulation. Approach: The culture based approach was used for the study. Pure isolates obtained were characterized on the basis of morphology, biochemical tests, physiology as well as at the 16S rDNA based molecular level. They were screened for their metal accumulating ability. Results: Five pure bacterial isolates were obtained by culture dependent method, isolation being done on a modified Magnetospirillum magnetotacticum specific medium (DSMZ-380. These isolates not only exhibited morphological variation as found from Environmnetal Scanning Electron Microscopy (ESEM, but their cell surface also varied greatly in composition which was confirmed from various staining. Similarly another observed fact was that inspite of the same source of isolation, these strains exhibited a varied temperature and pH tolerance which indicates the diversity in the population. 16S rDNA based analysis shows the molecular identification and real time PCR based pathogenecity analysis proved that they lacked S. aureus or P. aeruginosa like pathogenic gene(s. The isolates were screened for metal accumulating property and all were found to tolerate a wide range of heavy metals and among them certain strains bear high potential of accumulation of metals like copper and chromium. Conclusion: This study reports the isolation and characterization of 5 novel bacterial isolates from the mining area of Andhra Pradesh, India revealing its rich biodiversity. It also points towards the ability of media DSMZ-380 to support growth of metal accumulating non-magnetotactic isolates.

  20. Economic vulnerability to health shocks and coping strategies: evidence from Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhanaraj, Sowmya

    2016-07-01

    Empirical research has shown that households in developing countries are unable to sustain current levels of consumption during and after severe health crises due to substantial increase in medical expenditure and/or loss of income. Health events are also found to have an adverse impact on nutritional status and educational attainment of household members. Thus, in this study, we investigate: who are vulnerable to welfare loss from health shocks, what are the household responses to cope with the economic burden of health shocks and if policy responses like state health insurance schemes are effective in reducing the economic vulnerability. We use self-reported measures of health shocks and coping strategies from the longitudinal survey of the ongoing Young Lives project in India [Andhra Pradesh (AP)] to identify the characteristics of vulnerable groups and perform three-level random intercept logistic regression that takes into account contextual or environmental factors. What emerges is socioeconomic status of household (determined by education, wealth, occupation and caste/religious group) and its demographic characteristics like gender of the household head and proportion of elderly and disabled members matter for outcomes related to health events. Households adopt different strategies to cope with the economic costs of ill-health; borrowing is the most widely used strategy. For credit, majority of households rely on informal sources (moneylenders, friends, relatives, etc.) and have little or no access to formal sources. However, health shock to main breadwinner leads to households adopting costly strategies like reducing consumption or sending children to work. We found no evidence that the state health insurance scheme reduced the household welfare loss from health shocks and their coping strategies. The results suggest that health insurance schemes have to be complemented with access to micro-credit and social security schemes for self-employed persons

  1. Optimum stand density of Leucaena leucocephala for wood production in Andhra Pradesh, Southern India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prasad, J.V.N.S.; Korwar, G.R.; Rao, K.V.; Mandal, U.K.; Rao, G.R.; Srinivas, I.; Venkateswarlu, B. [Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Santoshnagar, Hyderabad-500059 (India); Rao, S.N. [Indian Tobacco Company (ITC), Paper Boards and Specialty Papers Division (PSPD), Secunderabad-500003 (India); Kulkarni, H.D. [Indian Tobacco Company (ITC), Paper Boards and Specialty Papers Division (PSPD), Sarapaka, Khammam (Dt), Andhra Pradesh-507 201 (India)

    2011-01-15

    Leucaena leucocephala is widely used as raw material for the manufacture of paper and packaging material and in biomass based power plants in the state of Andhra Pradesh, Southern India. Experiments were conducted to study the affect of tree density on the growth, biomass partitioning and wood productivity. Six treatments 1 x 1 m, 1.3 x 1.3 m, 3 x 0.75 m, 3 x 1 m, 5 x 0.8 m and 3 x 2 m corresponding to a tree density of 10,000, 6666, 4444, 3333, 2500 and 1666 were evaluated with leucaena variety K636. At 51 months after planting, spacings significantly influenced tree height, diameter at breast height (DBH), number of branches and biomass partitioning. Wider tree rows resulted in greater tree height and diameter growth resulting in higher per plant productivity. At harvest, 70% of trees in 3 x 2 m attained a diameter of more than 7.5 cm, while 35% of the trees attained the same DBH in 1 x 1 m spacing. Increased spacing levels decreased the relative amount of growth allocated to the bole of the tree. Marketable biomass yield was highest with 1 x 1 m spacing. Spacing of 3 x 0.75 m produced marketable biomass comparable to that of 1 x 1 m and greater proportion of stems with more than 5 cm diameter. Leucaena can be grown at 3 x 0.75 m spacing either for pulpwood or fuelwood depending on the prevailing market prices and demand. (author)

  2. Fluoride occurrence in the groundwater in a coastal region of Andhra Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, N. Subba; Rao, P. Surya; Dinakar, A.; Rao, P. V. Nageswara; Marghade, Deepali

    2015-09-01

    Fluoride (F-) content varies from 0.60 to 1.80 mg/L in the coastal region between Chirala and Ongole of Andhra Pradesh, India. It exceeds the threshold limit of 1.20 mg/L in 20 % of the total groundwater samples. The aim of the present study is to assess the controlling factors of F- content. The study area experiences a dry climate and is underlain by Charnockite Group of rocks over which the river and coastal alluvium occur. The results of the study identify the four factors that control the high F- content. First one is related to alkalinity, leading to active dissolution and leaching of F--bearing minerals, which supports the positive correlation of F- with pH and HCO3 -. A longer water residence time in the clays is the second factor, which activates not only solubility and dissolution of F--bearing minerals, but also anion exchange between F- and OH-. Third factor is a result of higher Na+ due to impact of saline water, ion exchange between Na+ and Ca2+, and precipitation of CaCO3. This reduces the Ca2+ content, causing dissolution of CaF2 to maintain the chemical equilibria, which is supported by positive correlation between Na2+ and F-. The influence of anthropogenic activities is the last factor, which acts as an additional source of F-. Thus, the shallow groundwater shows higher content of F- and the hydrogeochemical facies also support this hypothesis. The study suggests the remedial measures to reduce the F- content.

  3. A clinical study of dengue fever cases: NRI Medical College, Chinakakani, Andhra Pradesh, South India

    OpenAIRE

    Kakarla Thota Kanugolu Murali Mohan; Bunga Bhaskara Rao; Chikkala Raghuram; Shirisha Gunnam; Dhulipalla Dharmateja; Aparanji Gopidi

    2015-01-01

    Background: Admission of dengue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever cases was on the rise during the monsoon period of 2013 in NRI Hospital and surrounding Districts of Coastal Andhra Pradesh. A number of deaths due to dengue fever were reported in the previous months. Hence, a clinical study of the dengue cases was done in the late monsoon for a period of 3 months since a large number of cases with bleeding manifestations were referred to our Hospital for platelets transfusion from the local hosp...

  4. Assessment of Soil Contamination in Patancheru Industrial Area, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    B. Dasaram; M. Satyanarayanan, V. Sudarshan and A. Keshav Krishna

    2011-01-01

    Toxic trace metals concentrations in soil exert a decisive impact on soil quality and its use in food production particularly in an industrial area. An attempt is made here to study toxic metals such as Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, including Ba, Co and V in representative soil samples from Patancheru industrial area near Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. It is a known polluted area and is one of the most contaminated regions where about 260 small and large-scale manufacturers of pharmaceuticals, paints, pest...

  5. An ethnobotanical survey of Medicinal plants used by traditional healers of Thadvai, Warangal district, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soma Manjula , Estari Mamidala

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Since ancient times, plants have been used as medicine, foods, Agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals by large number of tribes, rural and urban people. India has more than 300 tribal communities. The tribal region of Andhra Pradesh has not received proper attention of ethnomedicinal researchers. Therefore, a survey of ethnomedicinal plants used by Koya tribes of Medaram and Narlapura villages which are on the south of the Godavari River, Thadvai Mandal, Warangal District; Andhra Pradesh, India was undertaken. The information on plants was collected by interviewing the local tribal traditional practitioners. The present study revealed that the plants which are used in traditional systems are mostly collected from the wild resources. A total of 36 plant species (belonging to 24 families of ethno botanical interest upon inquiries from these tribal informants’ between the age of 35-78 were reported. They have been using these parts in the form of paste, powder, decoction, juice, infusion and also in crude form, with other additives like honey, curd, and urine and cow milk to get relief from different ailments like diabetes, inflammations, wounds, skin diseases, headache, indigestion, urinary infections, fever, snake bites, cough, and dental problems. This study therefore concludes, it is necessary that suitability requirements are needed in order to protect the traditional knowledge in a particular area with reference to medicinal plant utilization. The plants need to be evaluated through phytochemical investigation to discover potentiality as drugs.

  6. A Study on Saltwater Intrusion Around Kolleru Lake, Andhra Pradesh, India

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    K.Harikrishna

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Kolleru Lake, the largest natural fresh water lake in Andhra Pradesh in India, located between Krishna and Godavari deltas is acting as a natural flood balancing reservoir and is fed directly by water from the seasonal rivers Budameru, Ramileru and Tammileru, and is also connected to the Krishna and Godavari drainage system consists of over 68 inflowing drains and channels. Over-exploitation of groundwater and land use conversions to aqua-culture are becoming the sources for salt-water intrusion to this lake and coastal aquifers, in specific, are highly vulnerable to seawater intrusion. Hydrogeomorphological study indicates that the potential aquifers around the Kolleru lake are paleo beach ridges and buried river courses. All other geomorphic features either aquiclude or aquitards are may not be considered as prospective zones for groundwater. Though there are number of open wells present in the villages used for potable water earlier, people switched over to imported water as their drinking water source may be due to significant contaminationof groundwater resources. Present land use activities like aqua-culture, agriculture, large-scale industries and allied industries in and around the Kolleru lake region has large contribution for the change of water quality. The paleo beach ridge areas, where the permeability of the sandy soil is very high, are also converted into aqua ponds. Integrated study using remote sensing, hydrogeology, hydrochemistry and geophysical investigations revealed the extent of salt-water intrusion up to the northern part of the lake which is about 40 km from the coast line. The electrical resistivity of aquifers is less than 1.0 (ohm-m having salinity of more than 1.2 ppt and the resistivity is around 20 (ohm-m where the salinity is less than 0.5 ppt, has also served as an excellent criteria for delineating the fresh-water and salt-water interface. Lenses of fresh water/ brackish water are noticed only in the beach

  7. STATUS OF SCHEDULE TRIBES IN ANDHRA PRADESH

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    Dr. P. Subramanyachary

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Schedule Tribes (ST’s are Indian population groups that are explicitly recognized by the constitution of India order 1950. The order lists 744 tribes across 22 states in its first schedule. In Andhra Pradesh 33 types of Schedule Tribes are living in 8 districts. ST’s are 6.6% are in total population of Andhra Pradesh. They have rich heritage along with their innocent life style. As they are living in hill areas and forests they have some peculiar characters like indications of primitive traits, distinctive culture, and shyness of contact with other communities, geographical isolation, backwardness etc. So, for their development central and state governments are implementing different programmes and schemes since 1951. After the Ministry of Tribal affairs were constituted in 1999, there is more focus on development of Schedule Tribes in Indian society especially in Andhra Pradesh. The persisting problems like low literacy and high drop-outs, inadequate health services, lack of nutrition food, extreme poverty, and ineffective implementation of schemes etc are putting them away from economic development. Hence, there should be more commitment by both central and state government and local bodies to develop Schedule Tribes in the society. As literacy is 37% NGO’s and other voluntary organizations have to play key role to bring awareness among schedule tribes regarding programs and scheme for their development. Awareness and participation of Schedule Tribes in the implementation of policies leads to prosperity of ST community in the state as well as country.

  8. Assessment of microfilaria prevalence in Karimnagar and Chittoor Districts of Andhra Pradesh, India

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Suryanaryana Murty Upadhayula; Srinivasa Rao Mutheneni; Sriram Kumaraswamy; Madhusudhan Rao Kadiri

    2010-01-01

    Objective:Toassess the prevalence of disease and microfilaraemia in villages of Karimnagar and Chittoor districts.Methods: Data on age and sex of all the respondents were collected and compared with the microfilaria rate (mf) and density (20μL of peripheral blood by using finger prick method) to examines the relationship between the dynamics ofWuchereria bancrofti among the population.Results:Microfilaraemia prevalence was found among all the age groups and its occurrence was more prevalent especially above30 years age groups. Similarly, the microfilaraemia and disease rates were found significantly higher in males compared to females. Conclusions: Using these baseline data would be useful in planning for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis in Andhra Pradesh as per theWHO goal to eliminate lymphatic filariasis by 2020.

  9. Cost and efficiency of public sector sexually transmitted infection clinics in Andhra Pradesh, India

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    Ramesh YK

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Control of sexually transmitted infections (STIs is an important part of the effort to reduce the risk of HIV/AIDS. STI clinics in the government hospitals in India provide services predominantly to the poor. Data on the cost and efficiency of providing STI services in India are not available to help guide efficient use of public resources for these services. Methods Standardised methods were used to obtain detailed cost and output data for the 2003–2004 fiscal year from written records and interviews in 14 government STI clinics in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The economic cost per patient receiving STI treatment was calculated, and the variations of total and unit costs across the STI clinics analysed. Multivariate regression technique was used to estimate incremental unit costs. The optimal number of STIs that could be handled by the clinics was estimated. Results 18807 STIs were diagnosed and treated at the 14 STI clinics in fiscal year 2003–2004 (range 323–2784, median 1199. The economic cost of treating each STI varied 5-fold from Indian Rupees (INR 225.5 (US$ 4.91 to INR 1201.5 (US$ 26.15 between 13 clinics, with one other clinic having a very high cost of INR 2478.5 (US$ 53.94. The average cost per STI treated for all 14 clinics combined was INR 729.5 (US$ 15.88. Personnel salaries made up 76.2% of the total cost. The number of STIs treated per doctor full-time equivalent and cost-efficiency for each STI treated had a significant direct non-linear relation (p 2 = 0.81; power function. With a multiple regression model, apart from the fixed costs, the incremental cost for each STI detected and cost of treatment was INR 55.57 (US$ 1.21 and for each follow-up visit was INR 3.75 (US$ 0.08. Based on estimates of optimal STI cases that could be handled without compromising quality by each doctor full-time equivalent available, it was projected that at 8 of the 14 clinics substantially more STI cases could be

  10. Dental Fluorosis and Dental Caries Prevalence among 12 and 15-Year-Old School Children in Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Sukhabogi, JR; Parthasarathi, P; Anjum, S.; Shekar, BRC; Padma, CM; Rani, AS

    2014-01-01

    Background: Fluoride is a double edged sword. The assessment of dental caries and fluorosis in endemic fluoride areas will facilitate in assessing the relation between fluoride concentrations in water with dental caries, dental fluorosis simultaneously. Aim: The objective of the following study is to assess the dental caries and dental fluorosis prevalence among 12 and 15-year-old school children in Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional stu...

  11. Pollination ecology of the Gray Nicker Caesalpinia crista (Caesalpiniaceae) a mangrove associate at Coringa Mangrove Forest, Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Raju, P. S.; A.J.S. Raju

    2014-01-01

    Caesalpinia crista L., commanly known as Gray Nicker, is an oligohaline mangrove associate confined to landward marginal areas of the Coringa Mangrove Forest, Andhra Pradesh, India. The flowering occurs during the wet season from June to November. The flowers are hermaphroditic, self-compatible and exhibit a mixed breeding system. The floral characteristics that constitute melittophilous pollination syndrome include diurnal anthesis, slight fragrance, zygomorphy, yellow petals, with a flag p...

  12. Oral Health Status among 12- and 15-Year-Old Children from Government and Private Schools in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Sukhabogi, JR; Shekar, CBR; Hameed, IA; Ramana, IV; Sandhu, G

    2014-01-01

    Background: The assessment of oral health status of children in government and private schools provide data on the oral health status of children from different socio-economic background. Aim: The aim of the following study is to assess and to compare the oral hygiene status, gingival status and caries experience between children from government and private schools in Andhra Pradesh, India. Subjects and Methods: A combination of cluster and stratified random sampling was employed to select th...

  13. Inorganic and organic carbon biogeochemistry in the Gautami Godavari estuary (Andhra Pradesh, India) during pre-monsoon: The local impact of extensive mangrove forests

    OpenAIRE

    Bouillon, Steven; Frankignoulle, M.; F. Dehairs; Velimirov, B.; Eiler, A.; Abril, G.; H. Etcheber; Borges, AV

    2003-01-01

    The distribution and sources of organic and inorganic carbon were studied in the Gautami Godavari estuary (Andhra Pradesh, India) and in a mangrove ecosystem in its delta during pre-monsoon. In the oligohaline and mesohaline section (salinity 0-15) of the estuary, internal production of total alkalinity (TAlk) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) was recorded, and the δ13CDIC profile suggests that carbonate dissolution may be an important process determining the DIC dynamics in this section o...

  14. Assessment of Soil Contamination in Patancheru Industrial Area, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

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    B. Dasaram

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Toxic trace metals concentrations in soil exert a decisive impact on soil quality and its use in food production particularly in an industrial area. An attempt is made here to study toxic metals such as Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn, including Ba, Co and V in representative soil samples from Patancheru industrial area near Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. It is a known polluted area and is one of the most contaminated regions where about 260 small and large-scale manufacturers of pharmaceuticals, paints, pesticides, chemicals, steel and metallic products have been functioning for over several decades. Toxic trace metal geochemical studies were carried out in fifteen representative soil samples collected from residential and agricultural area, to understand the spatial distribution and to assess the level of contamination on the basis of index of geoaccummulation, enrichment factor, contamination factor and degree of contamination. The various indices show that residential soils are contaminated with Cr, Ni and Pb (Cu to some extent. The agricultural area, although were invariably enriched in these toxic metals, showed comparatively less contamination possibly due to uptake by plants.

  15. QUALITATIVE CHARACTERIZATION OF GROUNDWATER RESOURCES FOR IRRIGATION- A CASE STUDY FROM SRIKAKULAM AREA, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA.

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    Dr.K.S.S.N.Reddy ,

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The rapid growth in the population caused unprecedented increase in demand of water resources. Besides, an improved quality of life is often associated with higher water demands. The suitability of a particular water for irrigation use depends on many factors; chemical quality of water being an important one. Quality criteria for irrigation use are based on the tolerance of plants, properties of soils, climate and irrigation practices, Water consumed by plants should be free from dissolved material. Plants normally retain some nutrients and mineral matter originally dissolved in water, and the cations and anions, so retained is a small part of their total content. The mineral matter retained by plants consists mostly of calcium and magnesium salts (Easton, 1954. Other soluble matter remains behind in the soil. Calcium carbonate may precipitate harmlessly in the soil as solute concentrations increases, but the bulk of the residual solute creates disposable problems that must be solved effectively to maintain the fertility of the irrigated soil. The most pertinent chemical properties patient to the evaluation of solubility of water for agricultural use are as Sodium concentration, an index showing the sodium or alkali hazards., Total concentration of soluble salts, an index showing salinity hazard, Residual SodiumCarbonate concentration. Hence, a scientific study, which includes various integrated methodologies and evaluation of alluvial aquifers, has been proposed in Nagavali and Vamsadhara river basin, in Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh, Indian.

  16. ETHNO BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS IN KHAMMAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

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    M. Bala krishna

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Ethnobotanical surveys were conducted in four different indigenous groups in Khammam District of Andhra Pradesh. The herbal practitioners in the study area were interviewed and information on medicinal plants was collected from the traditional healers called Vaidyars. This survey covers 96 medicinal plants belonging to 44 families that are used for the treatment of various diseases in a traditional way. Traditional approach was evaluated scientifically with some selected plant extracts to cure many diseases. Several plant extracts like Gymnema sylvestre, Syzygium cumini, Tephrosia purpurea have proved their efficiency in treating many diseases like Diabetes mellitus and skin diseases. The present survey provides the information about various medicinal plants which were not recognized for their medicinal value. These plants are the natural remedies for treating many of the diseases This survey provided information about 96 plants with medicinal properties. This survey had been performed on the plants commonly used by the indigenous people for treating various diseases they had been encountering. All the information gathered from the indigenous people and the herbal practitioners helped to bring several medicinal plants to limelight which on further proceedings proves their therapeutic properties.

  17. Metamorphism of cordierite gneisses from Eastern Ghat Granulite Terrain, Andhra Pradesh, South India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murthy, D. S. N.; Charan, S. Nirmal

    1988-01-01

    Cordierite-bearing metapelites of the Eastern Ghat granulite terrain occur in close association of Khondalites, quartzites, calc-silicate rocks and charnockites. Rocks occurring between Bobbili in the north and Guntur in the south of Andhra Pradesh are studied. The association of the mineral and textural relationships suggest the following metamorphic reactions: Garnet + sillimanite + quartz = cordierite, hypersthene + sillimanite + quartz = cordierite, sillimanite + spinel = cordierite + corundum, and biotite + quartz + sillimanite = cordierite + K=feldspar. Generally the minerals are not chemically zoned except garnet-biotite showing zoning when they come in close contact with one another. The potential thermometers are provided by the Fe-Mg distribution of coexisting biotite-garnet and cordierite-garnet. Conflicting interpretation of the P/T dependence of these reactions involving cordierite are due to H2O in the cordierite. The presence of alkali feldspar-quartz assemblage which is common in these gneisses will be constrained from melting only if H2O activity is less than 0.5. The piezometric array inferred is convex towards the temperature array, indicating a rapid and isothermal crustal uplift probably aided by thrust tectonics.

  18. A clinical study of dengue fever cases: NRI Medical College, Chinakakani, Andhra Pradesh, South India

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    Kakarla Thota Kanugolu Murali Mohan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Admission of dengue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever cases was on the rise during the monsoon period of 2013 in NRI Hospital and surrounding Districts of Coastal Andhra Pradesh. A number of deaths due to dengue fever were reported in the previous months. Hence, a clinical study of the dengue cases was done in the late monsoon for a period of 3 months since a large number of cases with bleeding manifestations were referred to our Hospital for platelets transfusion from the local hospitals and nursing homes. Aim: A Clinical study of dengue fever cases in the extended monsoon period and to evaluate the need for platelet transfusion in dengue fever cases. Retrospective Observational Study - Results: In the retrospective observational study, the diagnostic serotyping was done using rapid standard diagnostic kits. Eighty-four dengue seropositive were seen of which dengue fever cases were 55, dengue hemorrhagic fever were 27 and dengue shock syndrome were 2 cases only. Totally, 26 cases with dengue hemorrhagic fever whose platelet counts were below 50,000 cells/cu mm, were given random pooled donor platelet concentrates, while two cases of dengue shock syndrome were given single donor platelet concentrates, fresh frozen plasma and whole blood transfusion. Timely platelets transfusions in cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome helped to prevent severe hemorrhagic complications, and there were no deaths.

  19. Detection and confirmation of PPR virus antigen in sheep and goats by sandwich-ELISA and RT-PCR in Andhra Pradesh, India

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    G. Saritha

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Peste des petits ruminants (PPR is a highly contagious disease of domestic and wild small ruminants. Rapid and accurate laboratory assay are essential to enable the implementation of appropriate control strategies to restrict the spread of PPR. The present study was designed to detect the PPR virus (PPRV antigen (N-gene in nasal swabs and tissue samples. A total of 195 samples comprising of 138 nasal swabs from PPR suspected sheep (n=72 and goats (n=66, and 57 tissue samples comprising of lymph nodes from dead sheep (n=39 and goats (n=18 were collected from certain parts of Andhra Pradesh. The samples were subjected to sandwich-ELISA followed by RT-PCR for confirmatory diagnosis. In this study, PPRV could be detected in 27.53% (n=38/138 nasal swabs and 49.12% (n=28/57 tissue samples. Data showed that PPRV infection is widespread in the Andhra Pradesh, India.

  20. Institutional dynamics and barriers in wind energy development. A case study of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jagadeesh, Anumakonda

    1999-09-01

    In India, there was a boom in 1995-96 when 282 MW windfarms were set up in Tamil Nadu and the capacity in Andhra Pradesh increased by 39 MW. Then there was a steady decline in the windfarm development in both states. The case study described in this report attempts to trace the reasons for the boom and the factors that have contributed to the slump in windfarm development in these two states. The role of institutions in determining the effectiveness of national and regional public sector initiatives to promote and disseminate wind energy in the two states is discussed. The study also examines the financial, technical, transaction and institutional barriers, which inhibit the diffusion of wind energy in the states. It is suggested that important measures must be taken if wind energy is to develop rapidly in the two states. The result of the case study may be used to improve public policy intervention in disseminating wind energy in India. It may also be relevant to multilateral and bilateral aid agencies in their projects and/or programmes to promote cost-effective wind energy technology dissemination in developing countries. 25 refs., 6 tabs.

  1. Preliminary results on REE and RMRE mineral potential of studies, Ananthapur district, Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preliminary assessment of REE (rare earth elements) and rare-metal potential and geochemical characterization, with implications for metallogeny, is currently underway at alkaline syenite complexes in Andhra Pradesh. The Dancherla alkaline complex (77°25¢-30¢ E; 15°0-10¢ N) is located to the west and south-west of the Paleoproterozoic Cuddapah basin in the Ananthapur district. It hosts several syenite bodies, but our efforts focused on Dancherla, Peddavaguru and Danduvaripalle localities. The main Dancherla syenite body is oval-shaped and has a total area at the current level of exposure of around 18 km2. It consists of medium- to fine-grained mesocratic syenite, leucocratic, porphyritic and quartz syenite in cross-cut relations with diabase-hornblendite dyke swarms. Major element distributions show simple trends of decreasing MgO, FeO, P2O5 and TiO2 contents with increasing SiO2. The overall major element chemistry: Na2O is> 8% and K2O >5%, low in CaO and MgO contents < 5% wt and Al2O3 is -16 wt.%. The binary plots of Na2O+K2O vs SiO2 the samples fit in Nepheline syenite fields. The preliminary geochemical data suggest increased light REE with flat heavy-REE pattern in chondrite-normalized patterns indicate well fractionated REE patterns with LREE enrichment (La/SmN=5) and sloping or depleted HREE patterns (Gd/YbN=4) and devoid of 'Eu' anomaly. The maximum La and Ce concentrations recorded thus far are 200 and 350 ppm, respectively. The binary plots of Hf-Zr and Nb-Ta show a positive correlation and suggesting diverse influence of external fluids. The data presented above indicate their derivation from a possible metasomatized mantle sources

  2. Assessment of groundwater quality for irrigation: a case study from Bandalamottu lead mining area, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, South India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagaraju, A.; Sunil Kumar, K.; Thejaswi, A.

    2014-12-01

    Quality of water resources in the Bandalamottu area of Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh in South India is facing a serious challenge due to Pb mining. Therefore, 40 groundwater samples were collected from this area to assess their hydrogeochemistry and suitability for irrigation purposes. The groundwater samples were analyzed for distribution of chemical elements Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, HCO3 -, CO3 2-, F-, Cl-, and SO4 2-. It also includes pH, electrical conductivity, total hardness, non-carbonate hardness and total alkalinity. The parameters, such as sodium absorption ratio (SAR), adjusted SAR, sodium percentage, potential salinity, residual sodium carbonate, non-carbonate hardness, Kelly's ratio, magnesium ratio, permeability index, indices of base exchange (IBE) and Gibbs ratio were also calculated. The major hydrochemical facieses were Ca-HCO3, Ca-Na-HCO3 and Ca-Mg-Cl types. The result of saturation index calculated by Visual MINTEQ software combined with Gibbs diagram and IBE findings indicate that, dolomite and calcite dissolution and reverse ion exchange can be a major process controlling the water chemistry in the study area. The results also showed that the salinity (85 %, C3 class) and alkalinity due to high concentration of HCO3 - and CO3 - and low Ca:Mg molar ratio (97.5 %, <1), are the major problems with water for irrigation usage. As a result, the quality of the groundwater is not suitable for sustainable crop production and soil health without appropriate remediation.

  3. Methodological issues in developing a community forestry greenhouse gas emissions mitigation project in Mancherial forest division of Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are several contentious issues related to forestry mitigation projects. The special report of the IPCC and literature published so far have shown that permanence, leakage, baseline establishment, measurement, monitoring, etc., could be addressed satisfactorily using existing scientific methods and accounting rules. To understand the methodological issues of developing community forestry projects, a case study was conducted in Mancherial forest division of Adilabad district in Andhra Pradesh, India. This paper addresses: the setting of project boundaries, baseline selection, establishment of additionality and the calculation of carbon sequestration as a result of the project, prior to project implementation. The steps involved in development of the project and the different methods used for establishing baseline, estimating leakage and transaction cost of developing a community forestry project are presented. The stock is projected to increase by 1480 x 103 t C during 2000-2012 over the baseline scenario under the modeling approach and the cost of establishing a baseline and project formulation for a project extending over 32,956 ha is estimated to be US$ 1.25 ha-1 and US$ 4 t C-1

  4. Incidence of Winter and Summer Diapause in Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae in Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak R. Jadhav

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The incidence of winter and summer diapause was studied by large-scale field samplings of larvae and pupae of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hüb conducted over a period of 13-years during winter and summer seasons in Andhra Pradesh, India. Induction of winter diapause was associated with cooler prevailing temperatures and shorter day lengths of 32°C during March-April resulting in greater adult emergence with the onset of the monsoon season during mid-June to early July. In summer, few alternate hosts are available for larvae to sustain by allowing local populations colonizing newly germinated host crops with the onset of the rainy season. In addition, the incidence of winter and summer diapause was higher in male pupae than females in the ratio of 4:1 and 3:1 (♂:♀, respectively. Diapause populations of H. armigera were most common in the cyclonic weather prevailed for several weeks during 1977-78 (15.11% and 1995-96 (17.64%. Under these conditions, an average of <4% and <6% of pupae entered winter and summer diapause, respectively and was associated with severe outbreaks of H. armigera in subsequent seasons. Higher populations of H. armigera on pigeonpea and chickpea entered winter diapause on pigeonpea and chickpea and summer diapause on irrigated maize, pigeonpea, chickpea and a common weed host, Datura metel.

  5. Oral health status and treatment needs among 10126 school children in West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, M. Ghanashyam; Radhakrishna, A. Naga; Kambalimath, Halaswamy V.; Chandrasekhar, Shalini; Deepthi, B.; Ramakrishna, J.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Oral diseases are affecting a large percentage of children worldwide. This study with Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry collaboration was taken up with the aim to evaluate the oral health status and treatment needs in school-going children of the West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 10126 school children who were randomly selected from 32 schools in West Godavari district. To find the significance of the obtained number of cases for different age groups, Chi-square test of significance was used. Results: The prevalence of dental conditions are as follows: Dental caries 63.5%, periodontal diseases 13.6%, dental anomalies 3.6%, dental trauma 3.2%, and orthodontic treatment 25.1%. Among the different age groups, 11–14 years age group has the highest prevalence of oral health problems. Females were more affected with dental caries (P = 0.17), orthodontic treatment needs (P = 0.12), and dental anomalies (P = 0.86) compared to males which was statistically insignificant. The highest prevalence of dental conditions in the case of females was observed during the age of 11–14 years, and in males, the peak was seen in the 15–18 years age group. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that school-going children in West Godavari district suffer from a high prevalence of dental conditions and have higher treatment needs.

  6. Integrated approach for identification of potential groundwater zones in Seethanagaram Mandal of Vizianagaram District, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    N C Mondal; S N Das; V S Singh

    2008-04-01

    Identifying a good site for groundwater exploration in hard rock terrain is a challenging task. In hard rocks, groundwater occurs in secondary porosity developed due to weathering, fracturing, faulting, etc., which is highly variable within short distance and contributing to near-surface inhomogeneity. In such situations topographic, hydrogeological and geomorphological features provide useful clues for the selection of suitable sites. Initially, based on satellite imagery, topographical, geomorphological and hydrogeological features, an area of about 149km2 was demarcated as a promising zone for groundwater exploration in the hard rock tract of Seethanagaram Mandal, Vizianagaram District, Andhra Pradesh, India. A total of 50 Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) were carried out using Wenner electrode configuration. An interactive interpretation of the VES data sharpened the information inferred from geomorphological and hydrogeological reconnaissance. Ten sites were recommended for drilling. Drilling with Down-The-Hole Hammer (DTH) was carried out at the recommended sites down to 50 to 70m depths. The interpreted VES results matched well with the drilled bore well lithologs. The yields of bore wells vary from 900 to 9000 liters per hour (lph).

  7. Rearranging social space: Boundary-making and boundary-work in a joint forest management project, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saito-Jensen Moeko

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1990s, there has been an increasing trend in developing countries to shift from state driven approaches to Community-based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM. In order to ensure sustainability of resources, the need for creating and maintaining clear resource use boundaries has been emphasised, both theoretically and in practice. However, there has been less attention to the varied social consequences for involved villages (whose inhabitants can access resources within the new boundaries and for excluded villages (whose inhabitants are prevented from accessing resources due to these boundaries. Drawing on a case study of three villages affected by the Joint Forest Management project in Andhra Pradesh, India, this article shows how resource use boundaries interact with social categories such as caste, gender and livelihood occupation in ways that facilitate asymmetric distribution of costs and benefits among local people. The article calls for more consultative processes in constituting new resources use boundaries and for flexible interventions to reconcile conflicts arising from boundary-making.

  8. Structure and floristic composition of tree stand in tropical forest in the Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh, India

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    C. Sudhakar Reddy; Shilpa Babar; Giriraj Amamath; Chiranjibi Pattanaik

    2011-01-01

    The changes in species composition,abundance and forest stand structure were analyzed across altitudinal regimes in tropical forests of Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh,India.Three 1-ha plots were established with one each in low,medium and high altitudes.A total of 153 species,2129 stems (709 stems ·ha-l) of>10 cm girth were enumerated.Species richness and diversity pattern varied along altitudinal gradient and increased with the altitude.Species richness varied from 52 to 110 species·ha-1 and stand density from 639 to 836 stems·ha-1 with average basal area of 34.39 m2·ha-1.Shannon-Wiener index (H) ranged from 4.55 to 5.17.Low altitude (i.e.,Site 1) is dominated by Xylia xylocarpa (59.22) and Lagerstroemia parviflora (23.90),medium altitude (i.e.,Site 2) by Xylia xylocarpa (45.50) Bursera serrata (17.29),and high altitude (i.e.,Site 3) has Schleichera oleosa (28.25) Pterocarpus marsupium (26.55) as predominant species.Taxonomically,Rubiaceae (12 species),Fabaceae (12),Euphorbiaceae (11),Rutaceae (7) and Lauraceae (7) were dominant families.Density-wise,Fabaceae,Combretaceae,Euphorbiaceae,Anacardiaceae and Myrtaceae were abundant.Thus,conservation assessment based on altitudinal regimes and the information on species structure and function can provide baseline information for monitoring and sustaining the biodiversity.

  9. Building a "Soft Region" on Hard Legacies: The Development of an Informational Society in Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Eischen, Kyle

    2000-01-01

    Andhra Pradesh is quickly developing into the third site of the South Indian “Silicon Triangle†. Regional government initiatives over the last six years have propelled the region from virtual non-existence to an increasingly central node of software development in the global economy. These efforts have been propelled by revitalized regional institutions that have built on national development legacies and global trends. This raises three central issues. First, what forms do information te...

  10. SERVICES OF FARMERSâ CALL CENTRE (FCC)-ANGRAU IN DISSEMINATION OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY IN ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Suresh, K; S. Hemalatha; M. Rajasri; K. Vijay Krishna Kumar; Y. Suneetha

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural information and technology has to reach yeoman community so as to contribute to country’s progress in agriculture. Search and evaluation of effective ways of technology dissemination by Agricultural Extension Specialists is always an uphill task. An innovation in this direction is the establishment of Farmers Call Centre (FCC) through integration of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) and AT (Agricultural Technology). FCC in Andhra Pradesh, first of its kind was establ...

  11. Early Childhood Education Trajectories and Transitions: A study of the experiences and perspectives of parents and children in Andhra Pradesh, India. Young Lives Working Paper 52

    OpenAIRE

    Vennam, Uma; Komanduri, Anuradha; Cooper, Elizabeth; Crivello, Gina; Woodhead, Martin

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores diverse pathways through early childhood in the context of Andhra Pradesh state, India. The particular focus is on experiences of pre-school and transitions to primary school. The paper is based on analysis of Young Lives survey data (n=1950) collected for a group of young children born at the beginning of the millennium, plus in-depth qualitative research with a small sub-sample (n=24). We start from the premise that children’s earliest educational experiences can have a ...

  12. Pollination ecology of the Gray Nicker Caesalpinia crista (Caesalpiniaceae a mangrove associate at Coringa Mangrove Forest, Andhra Pradesh, India

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    P.S. Raju

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Caesalpinia crista L., commanly known as Gray Nicker, is an oligohaline mangrove associate confined to landward marginal areas of the Coringa Mangrove Forest, Andhra Pradesh, India. The flowering occurs during the wet season from June to November. The flowers are hermaphroditic, self-compatible and exhibit a mixed breeding system. The floral characteristics that constitute melittophilous pollination syndrome include diurnal anthesis, slight fragrance, zygomorphy, yellow petals, with a flag petal displaying a conspicuous nectar guide, and the presence of nectar with a high sugar concentration. Extra-floral nectar along the rachis is an additional attractant and is easily perceivable by bees. The plant is pollinated almost exclusively by bees, especially carpenter bees. The floral characteristics such as free petals, fully exposed stamens with dry and powdery pollen grains and hairy stigma facilitate anemophily which is effective due to high winds during the rainy season. The prolific growth and near synchronous flowering at population level contribute to pollen availability in huge quantities and enable anemophily as an effective mode of pollination. The functionality of melittophily and anemophily together constitutes ambophily. Hand-pollination experiments indicated that the plant is principally out-crossing. The natural fruit set does not exceed 10%; this lowest percentage could be partly due to flower-feeding by the beetle, Mylabris phalerata. The fruits are indehiscent, 1-seeded, which are buoyant and are not dispersed far away from the parental sites. The viable seeds produce new plants in the vicinity of parental plants during the rainy season. This plant builds up its population as small patches or in pure stands and hence is important in building landward mangrove cover.

  13. A New Facultative Alkaliphilic, Potassium Solubilizing, Bacillus Sp. SVUNM9 Isolated from Mica Cores of Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh, India

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    Prasada Babu Gundala

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A new facultative alkaliphilic Bacillus species isolated from mica mines of Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh, India. This strain is gram positive, rod shaped, motile bacteria capable of growth in aerobic conditions up to pH 12.0 exhibiting optimum growth at pH 10.0. The strain is oxidative, catalase positive, urease positive, able to hydrolyse starch, gelatine, able to utilize lactose, D- glucose and sucrose and produce acids. It also converts nitrate into nitrite. Further, exhibited positive results for methyl red and Voges Proskauer reaction. The strain showed optimum growth at 0.5% NaCl and able to thrive even at higher concentration of sucrose. The 16S rDNA sequence showed 99% similarity with Bacillus sp19(HQ433576 and closest relative is Bacillus amyloliquifaciens (JN086147.The efficiency of this strain for potassium dissolution from insoluble mica was evaluated in vitro. Modified Alexandrov’s medium supplemented with 0.1% mica powder was used to investigate the potassium solubilising activity of the Bacillus spSVUNM9 strain. Final pH, total acidity, soluble K content and released organic acids were determined in culture media after 21days of incubation. The K content was increased to 2.5times greater than the control. Mineral potassium solubilisation was directly related to the pH drop by the strain. The analysis of the culture medium by high pressure liquid chromatography identified gluconic acid as the main organic acid released by Bacillus sp.SVUNM9.This study is the first report on the isolation and characterization of native potassium solubilising bacteria from mica ore.

  14. Groundwater targeting in a hard-rock terrain using fracture-pattern modeling, Niva River basin, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasa Rao, Y.; Reddy, T. V. K.; Nayudu, P. T.

    2000-09-01

    In hard-rock terrain, due to the lack of primary porosity in the bedrock, joints, fault zones, and weathered zones are the sources for groundwater occurrence and movement. To study the groundwater potential in the hard-rock terrain and drought-prone area in the Niva River basin, southern Andhra Pradesh state, India, Landsat 5 photographic data were used to prepare an integrated hydrogeomorphology map. Larsson's integrated deformation model was applied to identify the various fracture systems, to pinpoint those younger tensile fracture sets that are the main groundwater reservoirs, and to understand the importance of fracture density in groundwater prospecting. N35°-55°E fractures were identified as tensile and N35°-55°W fractures as both tensile and shear in the study area. Apparently, these fractures are the youngest open fractures. Wherever N35°-55°E and N35°-55°W fracture densities are high, weathered-zone thickness is greater, water-table fluctuations are small, and well yields are high. Groundwater-potential zones were delineated and classified as very good, good to very good, moderate to good, and poor. Résumé. Dans les roches de socle, l'absence de porosité primaire dans la roche fait que les fractures, les zones de faille et les zones d'altération sont les sites où l'eau souterraine est présente et s'écoule. Pour étudier le potentiel en eau souterraine dans la région de socle sujette à la sécheresse du bassin de la rivière Niva (sud de l'État d'Andhra Pradesh, Inde), des données photographiques de Landsat 5 ont été utilisées pour préparer une carte hydro-géomorphologique. Le modèle intégré de déformation de Larssons a été mis en œuvre pour identifier les différents systèmes de fractures, pour mettre l'accent sur les ensembles de fractures en extension les plus jeunes qui constituent les principaux réservoirs d'eau souterraine, et pour comprendre l'importance de la densité de fractures pour la prospection de l

  15. Evaluation of children in six blind schools of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Hornby Stella; Adolph Shajan; Gothwal Vijaya; Gilbert Clare; Dandona Lalit; Foster Allen

    2000-01-01

    Purpose: 1.To determine the anatomical site and underlying causes of severe visual impairment and blindness in children in special education in Andhra Pradesh, India. 2. To compare the causes of blindness in two different regions in the state. 3. To evaluate improvement with correction of refractive error and low-vision devices (LVDs) Methods: Children in 6 schools for the blind and in 3 integrated education programmes were examined by one ophthalmologist, and were refracted and assessed for ...

  16. Applications of Remote sensing and Geographical information system techniques on Geomorphological mapping of coastal part of East Godavari district. Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Padma kumari, K

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper an attempt has been made to study of mapping of the geomorphological land forms, using remote sensing and GIS techniques in the coastal part of East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India on 1: 50,000 scale. The Godavari delta, is termed as the rice bowl of Andhra Pradesh and second longest river 1465 km in the country spreads over an area of about 5100 sq km on the east coast of India bordering the Bay of Bengal and is a densely populated zone of intense economic activity, Fed by a large 312,812 km2 drainage basin .The total study area is 1856.19 sq kms. The data used supervised classification was preferred for the best identification of features. Major features are Bay, Beach, coastal plain, Deltaic plain, fluvial plain, pediplain, river, tidal creek and forestUsing LISS III IRS P6 data.In this classification coastal plains are 402.32 sq km, Deltaic plains covers 719.15 sq km , flood plains 49.69 sq km marine land forms of Bay, Beach,Beach ridge, and river, brackish water, etc., are formed along the coastal areas are present in the table1(1.

  17. CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PREVALENT IN SMALL VILLAGES OF NORTH COASTAL , ANDHRA PRADESH , INDIA , UDDANAM NEPHROPATHY

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    Valluri Satya

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available There are hamlets in and around Uddanam , Gunupalli , Kaviti of Srikakulam District , a North Coastal Andhra P radesh region with high prevalence of CKD presenting clinically or sub clinically ultimately leading to high mortality and morbidity with RRT and other types of conservative management , we were detected some facts during our survey in these villages. The many of them who are living in that belt eat Dry salted fish , less water intake , hardworking people , these peo ple approach quacks , using illicit drugs etc.

  18. Prevalence of Clostridium perfringens toxin genotypes in enterotoxemia suspected sheep flocks of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    N. Vinod Kumar; Sreenivasulu, D.; Reddy, Y.N.

    2014-01-01

    Aim: To identify the Clostridium perfringens toxin genotypes prevailing in enterotoxemia suspected sheep flocks in Andhra Pradesh by using multiplex PCR. Materials and Methods: Intestinal scrapings were collected from lambs below three months of age from flocks with similar management from different Districts of Andhra Pradesh, in India. A total of 208 samples were collected with 140 from enterotoxemia suspected flocks and 68 from healthy flocks. Following processing and culture of the sam...

  19. Technology Implementation in Public Sectors units of Andhra Pradesh

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    Rakesh Phanindra Akula

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have discussed about computer-based information and communications technologies like mobile technology that distribute the fundamental development to the transfer of public services. Now a day’s several types of electronic devices are used to share the information to common people by GUI (Graphical User interface like tablet-PC and smartphone etc., by using technology government of Andhra Pradesh has started services to urban and rural people for providing quicker services. All these openly specify the increasing public interest in mobility and various services relating to being mobile. At this development the objective of the paper is to explore the probable for e-Governance and m-Governance in Andhra Pradesh, next section throws about light on case studies on e-Governance, third section concentrates and policy and governing issues pertaining to e & m –governance in India and finally ends with conclusion.

  20. EMPLOYMENT OF AGRICULTURAL LABOURERS IN ANDHRA PRADESH

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    R. Ramanaidu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Human resources in an economy constitute a Hsignificant input in the production process of goods and services. The study of human resources their quality and problems is of immense use in manpower planning in both developing as well as developed economies. The agriculture is the major sector of Indian economy. Most of the population is depending upon agriculture which is contributing about half of the national income in the country. The agricultural labour constitutes an overwhelmingly predominant auction of the rural workforce. The agricultural labour occupies the lowest rung of the rural ladder. Agricultural labourers constitute the largest role of the labourers and they constitute one of the biggest slices of Indian population. The agricultural labour, total workers are fast growing which is purely depending on wage paid employment in India. The farmers will try to substitute family labour in place of hired labour because of their low capacity to pay. If the population grows at the present rate accompanied by low industrial development, the unemployment problem in the agriculture becomes serious and the agricultural labourers become the victims in that vicious circle. The objective is to study the pattern of employment of agricultural labour for different crops and to find out the nature of employment for male and female labour separately in Andhra Pradesh. The primary data included information collected directly from the sample respondents through a field survey in of Andhra Pradesh. In addition to primary data, a good bit of information was collected from secondary sources. The suggestions can be made for the improvement of socio-economic positions of the agricultural labourers. The better implementation of legislative measures, creating alternative sources of employment, protection of women and child labourers, public works programmes should be for longer period in year, improving the working conditions, regulations of hours of work

  1. Relationship between mobility, violence and HIV/STI among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Ramesh Sowmya; Ganju Deepika; Mahapatra Bidhubhusan; Mishra Ram; Saggurti Niranjan

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Violence and mobility have been identified as critical factors contributing to the spread of HIV worldwide. This study aimed to assess the independent and combined associations of mobility and violence with sexual risk behaviors and HIV, STI prevalence among female sex workers (FSWs) in India. Methods Data were drawn from a cross-sectional, bio-behavioral survey conducted among 2042 FSWs across five districts of southern India in 2005–06. Regression models were used to est...

  2. Infant and child mortality in Andhra Pradesh.

    OpenAIRE

    White, Howard

    2003-01-01

    Most countries of the world are reducing infant and child mortality too slowly to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of a two-thirds reduction by 2015. Yet, some countries and regions – including the Indian state of Kerala – have achieved impressive reductions. This paper examines infant and child mortality in Andhra Pradesh (where Young Lives research is being conducted) and in Kerala, and considers the factors explaining their differential performance. Infant mortality is found to d...

  3. Sediment fluxes and the littoral drift along northeast Andhra Pradesh Coast, India: estimation by remote sensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunte, Pravin D; Alagarsamy, R; Hursthouse, A S

    2013-06-01

    The littoral drift regime along the northeastern coast of India was investigated by analyzing coastal drift indicators and shoreline changes based on multitemporal satellite images. The study of offshore turbidity patterns and quantitative estimation of suspended sediments was undertaken to understand the magnitude and direction of movement of sediment fluxes. The study revealed that: (1) the character of coastal landforms and sedimentation processes indicate that the sediment transport is bidirectional and monsoon dependent; (2) multidate, multitemporal analysis of satellite images helps to show the nature of sediment transport along the coast. The dominant net sediment transport is in a NE direction along the eastern coast of India. Finally, this assessment demonstrates the potential of remote sensing technology in understanding the coastal morphometric changes, long-term sediment transport, shoreline changes, and offshore turbidity distribution pattern and the implications for the transport of sediment-associated pollutants. PMID:23064851

  4. Anti Diabetic Plants Present In West Godavari District Of Andhra Pradesh India- A Short Review.

    OpenAIRE

    Venkata Narasimha Kadali; Sudhakara Rao Pola; Tadi Ramesh; B V Sandeep

    2016-01-01

    Diabetes is considered as one of the chronic disease more prevalent in India and rest of the world. Chronic hyperglycemia leads to the destruction of different organs in the body.There are lots of synthetic drugs present in the market for the treatment of diabetes but they are prone to noxious effects to human systems. Herbs have natural inhibiting potency against various sorts of diseases and they are the ultimate source of bio active compounds which lacks toxic effects. Medicinal plants whi...

  5. EMPOWERING POOR RURAL WOMEN IN INDIA: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ANDHRA PRADESH

    OpenAIRE

    Deininger,Klaus W.; Galab, Shaik; Olsen, Tore

    2005-01-01

    Even though overall growth in India has recently accelerated, it has largely bypassed rural areas and agriculture; in fact it is agreed that the ratio of rural to urban poverty has increased. As a consequence, some of the marginalized groups in a society that is already characterized by a high level of inequality in opportunities and segregation along lines of, gender, caste, and social status, are widely reckoned to not have benefited from overall growth. To enable women and backwards castes...

  6. Building nurse education capacity in India: insights from a faculty development programme in Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Evans, Catrin; Razia, Rafath; Cook, Elaine

    2013-01-01

    Background: India faces an acute shortage of nurses. Strategies to tackle the human resource crisis depend upon scaling up nursing education provision in a context where the social status and working conditions of nurses are highly variable. Several national and regional situation assessments have revealed significant concerns about educational governance, institutional and educator capacity, quality and standards. Improving educational capacity through nursing faculty development has been pr...

  7. Relationship between mobility, violence and HIV/STI among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramesh Sowmya

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Violence and mobility have been identified as critical factors contributing to the spread of HIV worldwide. This study aimed to assess the independent and combined associations of mobility and violence with sexual risk behaviors and HIV, STI prevalence among female sex workers (FSWs in India. Methods Data were drawn from a cross-sectional, bio-behavioral survey conducted among 2042 FSWs across five districts of southern India in 2005–06. Regression models were used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs for sexual risk behaviors and HIV infection based on experience of violence and mobility after adjusting for socio-demographic and sex work related characteristics. Results One-fifth of FSWs (19% reported experiencing violence; 68% reported travelling outside their current place of residence at least once in the past year and practicing sex work during their visit. Mobile FSWs were more likely to report violence compared to their counterparts (23% vs. 10%, p  Conclusions The findings indicate that mobility and violence were independently associated with HIV infection. Notably, the combined effect of mobility and violence posed greater HIV risk than their independent effect. These results point to the need for the provision of an enabling environment and safe spaces for FSWs who are mobile, to augment existing efforts to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS.

  8. Seroprevalence of dengue virus in a tertiary care hospital, Andhra Pradesh, South India

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    Srinivas Rao M.S.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dengue fever and Dengue Haemorrhagic fever (DF/DHF is an acute viral disease caused by Dengue virus. The infection is transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito- Aedes aegypti. The Dengue virus causes significant morbidity and mortality in many parts of the world, including India, where it was first isolated in Calcutta, West Bengal during 1945. This study was conducted to know the seroprevalence of Dengue virus in a tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad Methods: Blood for serological studies are carefully collected taking due universal precautions from suspected DF/DHF cases (a as soon as possible after hospital admission or attendance. All the patients were screened for anti-Dengue IgG and IgM antibodies By Enzyme Immunoassay. The study period was 18 months from 2012. Results: From a total of 1327serum samples tested were screened for Dengue IgM and IgG among which 706(53.2% were positive. 125(17.7% were only IgM positive and 198(28.05% of the tested samples showed only IgG positive. 383(54.25% of the tested samples revealed positive for both IgM and IgG antibodies. Conclusion: Surveillance is prerequisite for monitoring the dengue situation in the area and should be carried out regularly for early detection of an impending outbreak and to initiate timely preventive and control measures. [Int J Res Med Sci 2013; 1(4.000: 448-450

  9. Condom use and prevalence of syphilis and HIV among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India – following a large-scale HIV prevention intervention

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    Rachakulla Hari Kumar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Avahan, the India AIDS initiative began HIV prevention interventions in 2003 in Andhra Pradesh (AP among high-risk groups including female sex workers (FSWs, to help contain the HIV epidemic. This manuscript describes an assessment of this intervention using the published Avahan evaluation framework and assesses the coverage, outcomes and changes in STI and HIV prevalence among FSWs. Methodology Multiple data sources were utilized including Avahan routine program monitoring data, two rounds of cross-sectional survey data (in 2006 and 2009 and STI clinical quality monitoring assessments. Bi-variate and multivariate analyses, Wald Chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regressions were used to measure changes in behavioural and biological outcomes over time and their association. Results Avahan scaled up in conjunction with the Government program to operate in all districts in AP by March 2009. By March 2009, 80% of the FSWs were being contacted monthly and 21% were coming to STI services monthly. Survey data confirmed an increase in peer educator contacts with the mean number increasing from 2.9 in 2006 to 5.3 in 2009. By 2008 free and Avahan-supported socially marketed condoms were adequate to cover the estimated number of commercial sex acts, at 45 condoms/FSW/month. Consistent condom use was reported to increase with regular (63.6% to 83.4%; AOR=2.98; p Conclusions The absence of control groups is a limitation of this study and does not allow attribution of changes in outcomes and declines in HIV and STI to the Avahan program. However, the large scale implementation, high coverage, intermediate outcomes and association of these outcomes to the Avahan program provide plausible evidence that the declines were likely associated with Avahan. Declining HIV prevalence among the general population in Andhra Pradesh points towards a combined impact of Avahan and government interventions.

  10. An assessment of a large-scale HIV prevention programme for high-risk men who have sex with men and transgenders in Andhra Pradesh, India: using data from routine programme monitoring and repeated cross-sectional surveys

    OpenAIRE

    Goswami, Prabuddhagopal; Rachakulla, Hari Kumar; Ramakrishnan, Lakshmi; Mathew, Shajan; Ramanathan, Shreena; George, Bitra; Adhikary, Rajatashuvra; Kodavalla, Venkaiah; Rajkumar, Hemalatha; Paranjape, Ramesh S.; G N V Brahmam

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To assess a large-scale intervention, the Avahan intervention, using an evaluation framework that included programme coverage, condom use and changes in sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV prevalence among high-risk men who have sex with men/transgender (HR-MSM/TG) in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. Design Programme monitoring data and results from two rounds of cross-sectional integrated biological and behavioural assessment (IBBA) in 2006 (Round 1) and 2009 (Round 2)...

  11. ECONOMICS OF CULTIVATION IN ANDHRA PRADESH

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    Balakrishna Ankalam

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Farming as a business is greatly influenced by the level and structure of cost of cultivation. Before green revolution farmers were practicing traditional farming methods in which they use home supplied inputs with conventional practices. The risk and uncertainty associated with cultivation does not induce the farmers to invest more on farm business. This in turn leads to low level of input use. In cultivation farmers are constrained to take up more remunerative crop enterprises. People depending on this sector are characterized by low income and higher poverty. To acquire comprehensive understanding of the problems prevailing in agriculture, a Multistage Random Sampling Method is employed. In the first step Andhra Pradesh is divided into three regions, namely Coastal Andhra, Telangana and Rayalaseema regions. The households are divided into five farming categories.

  12. A re-collection of Diplocentrum recurvum lindl. (Orchidaceae after a lapse of 100 years or more from Andhra Pradesh, India

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    Mitta Mahendranath

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Diplocentrumrecurvum Lindl. (Orchidaceae has been recollected from the Horsley hills of Chittoor districts from Andhra Pradesh after a lapse of 100 years or more. The present paper provides a detailed description, photographs of old herbarium specimens and distribution of the species. 

  13. Spatial and seasonal variation in groundwater level and uranium concentration in Peddagattu and Seripalli area of Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Groundwater caters the needs of most of the rural and urban population in developing countries like India. Being an integral part of the hydrological cycle, its availability depends on the rainfall and recharge conditions. This study was carried out with the objective of understanding the spatial and temporal variation in groundwater level and uranium concentration in a uranium mineralized zone in Peddagattu and Seripalli areas of Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Groundwater samples were collected from forty five wells during March 2008 to January 2010 and they were analyzed for their uranium concentration using laser fluorimeter. Groundwater level in wells was recorded with the help water level indicator. The uranium concentration in the groundwater of this region ranges from 0.2 ppb to 118.4. About 20.61% of the groundwater samples had uranium concentration about the standards set by USEPA (30 ppb). The comparison between groundwater level and uranium concentration in groundwater shows that the uranium concentration increases with raise in groundwater table. (author)

  14. Effects of the free electricity policy in Andhra Pradesh 2004-2013

    OpenAIRE

    Fosli, Jin Kathrine

    2014-01-01

    In this thesis I discuss the effects of the free electricity policy perceived by informed observers. The newly elected Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, India, Y.S.R. Reddy, implemented a policy granting free electricity for seven hours a day to agriculture in 2004. The subsidy was among the major campaign issues, and an election promise at the Assembly Election that took place in 2004. Two of the three regions of Andhra Pradesh are semi-arid and drought prone. In the years preceding the Asse...

  15. The politics of policy : participatory irrigation management in Andhra Pradesh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nikku, B.R.

    2006-01-01

    This thesis studies the emergence, process and politics of the Andhra Pradesh reform policy of Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM). The reform has been labeled as the 'A? model' of irrigation reforms and supported by external aid agencies like World Bank. Within a short span of time Andhra Pra

  16. Development Of Remote Sensing And GIS Based Information System For Village Level Planning - A Case Study Of Addanki Mandal, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santosh, K.; Lakshmi, T. V.; Reddy, M. A.

    2009-05-01

    Most of the population in India live in villages and depend on agriculture alone and it is also said that the development of the country is centered around the agriculture. Though several developmental programmes have been initiated and executed on various scales, by both central and state government agencies in prakasam district, microlevel planning taking an individual village as a center has not yet been formulated with full thrust. It is therefore proposed to develop Village Information System (VIS) and model action plan for sustainable development of ADDANKI MANDAL OF PRAKASAM DISTRICT in Andhra Pradesh Using Geospatial technologies. Village information system (VIS) would allow planners and citizens to quickly and efficiently create and test alternative development scenarios and determine their likely impacts on future land use patterns. In short, use of VIS in local government administration would increase efficacy, save time, improve accuracy, generate revenue, automate tasks, provide better decision support as well as being economical. To develop VIS and to understand the status and other aspects of spatial data, very large scale maps of natural resources, utilities, Land use / Land cover and other details are necessary. Hence this paper has considered the scale of 1:10,000 on which the entire data model is developed. This system is user friendly and many decisions can be made by the user according to their choice. The decision support system developed can also be applied on other villages of similar environmental settings. Keywords: Village Information System, Data Model, Micro Level Planning and Geospatial Technologies

  17. A survey of severe visual impairment in children attending schools for the blind in a coastal district of Andhra Pradesh in South India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnaiah, S; Subba Rao, B; Lakshmi Narasamma, K; Amit, G

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To identify the major causes of severe childhood visual impairment and blindness among students attending schools for the blind in a coastal district of Andhra Pradesh (AP) in South India. Methods Children ≤16 years of age attending six schools for the blind in the study area were interviewed and examined in the year 2009, and causes were classified according to the World Health Organization Program for Prevention of Blindness (WHO/PBL) childhood blindness proforma. A total of 113 children underwent a detailed eye examination by an experienced ophthalmologist. Results The major causes of blindness were congenital eye anomalies in 46 children (41.4; 95% confidence interval (CI): 32.3–50.6), followed by retinal disorders in 21 children (18.9% 95% CI: 11.6–26.2), cataract in 9 children (9.7% 95% CI: 2.9–12.9), and corneal conditions (scar and Staphyloma) in 8 children (7.1% 95% CI: 2.4–11.8). More than half the children (56.6%) were blind due to conditions that could have been treated or prevented. Discussion Congenital anomalies were found to be the most common cause of blindness. The majority of the cases were due to avoidable causes of blindness. Therefore, robust screening measures may help reduce the burden of visual impairment in children. PMID:22576826

  18. Hydrogeological and groundwater modeling studies to estimate the groundwater inflows into the coal Mines at different mine development stages using MODFLOW, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Surinaidu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Singareni Collieries Company Ltd (SCCL is exploiting coal in the Godavari valley coal fields spread over 5.33 km2 in Andhra Pradesh, India. In the area, six workable coal seams have been identified in Barakar formation by the analysis of the geologic logs of 183 bore wells. A finite difference based numerical groundwater flow model is developed with twenty conceptual layers and with a total thickness of 320 m. The flow model was calibrated under steady state conditions and predicted groundwater inflows into the mine pits at different mine development stages. The groundwater budget results revealed that the mining area would receive net groundwater inflows of 5877 m3 day−1, 12,818 m3 day−1, 12,910 m3 day−1, 20,428 m3 day−1, 22,617 m3 day−1 and 14,504 m3 day−1 at six mine development stages of +124 m (amsl, +93 m (amsl, +64 m (amsl, +41 m (amsl, +0 m (amsl and −41 m (amsl, respectively. The results of the study can be used to plan optimal groundwater pumping and the possible locations to dewater the groundwater for safe mining at different mine development stages.

  19. Characterization of the water chemistry, sediment (13)C and (18)O compositions of Kolleru Lake-a Ramsar wetland in Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das Sharma, Subrata; Sujatha, D

    2016-07-01

    The chemistry of surface water sampled at different locations of the Kolleru Lake in Andhra Pradesh (India) show heterogeneous variability. The concentrations of dissolved sodium and chloride ions, total dissolved solids (TDS) together with high conductivity documented in water samples are indicative of mixing of saline seawater. This interpretation is further corroborated by enriched δ(18)O compositions of the carbonate fraction of the surface sediments collected at the same locations (as that of water) of the lake, and fairly good positive correlations of δ(18)O -Na(+) and δ(18)O-TDS. The saline water intrusion into the lake appears to be resulted due to its near stagnant to dry condition with reduced inflow and outflow. Such dry condition facilitated seawater intrusion into the lake due to several reasons: (i) proximity of lake to the sea (~35 km), (ii) overexploitation of fresh groundwater for agriculture as well as livestock farming, and (iii) incursion of tidal seawater (high sea waves) through Upputeru River, which is directly linked to the sea. We also document highly heterogeneous distribution of certain potentially toxic metal ions like chromium, copper, manganese, and zinc in the lake waters. Indiscriminate disposal of domestic and industrial effluents around the lake appears to be responsible for the presence of potentially toxic heavy metals. Based on these results, we finally suggest some measures for environmental rehabilitation of the lake and its surroundings. PMID:27312252

  20. Odonate Diversity of Manjeera Wildlife Sanctuary with notes on Female Polymorphism of Neurothemis tullia (Drury, 1773 (Odonata: Libellulidae and Some Species Hitherto Unreported From Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kante Krishna Prasad

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A total of 28 species of odonates, including 18 species of dragonflies (Suborder Anisoptera belonging to 3 families and 10 species of damselflies (Suborder Zygoptera belonging to two families were recorded from the Manjeera Wildlife Sanctuary between December 2010 to October 2012. The highest diversity of odonates was that of family Libellulidae (50%, followed by Coenagrionidae (32.14%, Aeshnidae (10.71%, Gomphidae (3.57% and Platycnemididae (3.57%. Four taxa, namely - Anaciaeschna jaspidea (Burmeister, 1839, Coenagrion dyeri (Fraser, 1924, Pseudagrion decorum (Rambur, 1842 and Rhodischnura nursei (Morton, 1907 are reported for the first time from Andhra Pradesh. We are also reporting for the first time the female polymorphism of Neurothemis tullia (Drury, 1773 (Anisoptera; Libellulidae from the Manjeera Wildlife Sanctuary, Medak District, Andhra Pradesh.

  1. Comprehensive dental health care program at an orphanage in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Dhanya Muralidharan; Nusrath Fareed; Shanthi, M.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Provision of oral health care in India, especially for the underprivileged is limited due to inadequate finances and manpower. Resources of dental colleges in such a scenario can be utilized to provide prevention oriented oral health care. Aim: To improve the oral health status of children at an institute in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh, India, through prevention based comprehensive dental health care program (CDHP). Design and Setting: A longitudinal institution bas...

  2. Infant and Child Mortality in Andhra Pradesh: Analysing changes over time and between states

    OpenAIRE

    Masset, Edoardo; White, Howard

    2003-01-01

    Most countries of the world are reducing infant and child mortality too slowly to meet the Millennium Development Goal of a two-thirds reduction by 2015. Yet, some countries and regions have achieved impressive reductions, Kerala in India being one example. This paper examines the determinants of infant and child mortality in Andhra Pradesh, where the Young Lives project is taking place, and Kerala and the factors explaining their differential performance. The determinants of mortality are es...

  3. SOCIO - ECONOMIC STATUS OF DALIT WOMEN-A STUDY IN ANDHRA PRADESH

    OpenAIRE

    D. Swarupa Rani; Sadu Rajesh

    2014-01-01

    The present paper examines issues related to the Dalit women vis-à-vis socio-economic problems of Andhra Pradesh. The disadvantages of caste, class gender and the exclusionary mechanism entrenched hierarchical social relations have had differential outcomes for Dalit women in our society. The constitution of India is enriched with several provisions for schedule castes to safeguard and promote their cultural, social, educational, and economic status in order to bring them in t...

  4. CHANGING TRENDS OF HIV INFECTION IN PPTCT (PREVENTION OF PARENT TO CHILD TRANSMISSION GOVERNMENT GENERAL HOSPITAL, GUNTUR, ANDHRA PRADESH, SOUTH INDIA, 2002-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkateswara Rao

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available : INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to know the various changing trends in the HIV infection in the antenatal women attending the PPTCT department, Government General Hospital, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, during 2002 to 2013. METHODS: This is a retrospective study done in Government General Hospital, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, during 2002 to 2013. The data was collected from the records maintained in the PPTCT department and the changing trends of HIV infection in antenatal women were studied. RESULTS: The prevalence rate of HIV infection in antenatal women decreased from 4.4% to 0.84%. Monthly average number of HIV positive deliveries in our institution varies from 150 to 250 cases. Percentage of caesarian section done was about 20% of cases. More number of cases were from urban than rural areas. Initially the cases were more in low socio-economic status. Young primigravida women around 20 years were more infected. High risk behavior of the husband was mainly responsible for the transmission of the disease. HIV infection was common in the innocent housewife. CONCLUSION: The study concludes that the HIV infection among pregnant women in our institution shows various changing trends and a decreasing incidence due to the effective implementation of the PPTCT programme under the National AIDS control programme started in the year 2002.

  5. Analysing ethnobotanical and fishery-related importance of mangroves of the East-Godavari Delta (Andhra Pradesh, India) for conservation and management purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahdouh-Guebas, F; Collin, S; Lo Seen, D; Rönnbäck, P; Depommier, D; Ravishankar, T; Koedam, N

    2006-01-01

    Mangrove forests, though essentially common and wide-spread, are highly threatened. Local societies along with their knowledge about the mangrove also are endangered, while they are still underrepresented as scientific research topics. With the present study we document local utilization patterns, and perception of ecosystem change. We illustrate how information generated by ethnobiological research can be used to strengthen the management of the ecosystem. This study was conducted in the Godavari mangrove forest located in the East-Godavari District of the state Andhra Pradesh in India, where mangroves have been degrading due to over-exploitation, extensive development of aquaculture, and pollution from rural and urbanized areas (Kakinada).One hundred interviews were carried out among the fisherfolk population present in two mangrove zones in the study area, a wildlife sanctuary with strong conservation status and an adjacent zone. Results from the interviews indicated that Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh., a dominant species in the Godavari mangroves, is used most frequently as firewood and for construction. Multiple products of the mangrove included the bark of Ceriops decandra (Griff.) Ding Hou to dye the fishing nets and improve their durability, the bark of Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco to poison and catch fish, and the leaves of Avicennia spp. and Excoecaria agallocha L. as fodder for cattle. No medicinal uses of true mangrove species were reported, but there were a few traditional uses for mangrove associates. Utilization patterns varied in the two zones that we investigated, most likely due to differences in their ecology and legal status. The findings are discussed in relation with the demographic and socio-economic traits of the fisherfolk communities of the Godavari mangroves and indicate a clear dependency of their livelihood on the mangrove forest.Reported changes in the Godavari mangrove cover also differed in the two zones, with significantly

  6. A Study of the Health Status of Early adolescent Girls residing in Social Welfare Hostels in Vizianagaram district of Andhra Pradesh State, India

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    Vinod Wasnik

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adolescent girls form an important vulnerable sector of population that constitute about one-tenth of Indian population .Under-nutrition among adolescents is a serious public health problem internationally, especially in developing countries. Early adolescence after the first year of life is the critical period of rapid physical growth and changes in body composition, physiology and endocrine. The data regarding the nutritional status & morbidity status of the early adolescent girls in social welfare hostels are sparse, despite the usefulness of such information in the management of hostels and upliftment of these groups. In this context, the present study was taken up among early adolescent girls residing in the social welfare hostels in urban area of Vizianagaram Distric, Andhra Pradesh, India.Objective: To assess the Nutritional status of the early adolescent and to study the Morbidity pattern among these adolescent girls in the social welfare hostels.Methods / Study Design: Cross-sectional study was carried out over a period of four months. 420 girls of age 10-15 years were examined during that period. Data was collected by interviewing the girls using predesigned, pre tested, semi-structured schedule. Anthropometric measurements were recorded using standardized methodology as recommended by World Health Organization (WHO. Body Mass Index (BMI – BMI was calculated using the formula Weight in kg/height in m². The subjects were categorized into various grade based on BMI according to WHO International Standard. Grade 3 thinness (BMI 30 kg/ m2. As per Indian Standard underweight (BMI 23.5 kg/m2. Statistical Analysis: Done by using SPSS 16.0 version.Results /Findings: A total 420 girls were studied. 37.4% were in the age group 13 years. According to WHO reference standards 56.4 % girls were under-nourished (BMI 23.5 kg/m2. 30% were showed clinical anaemia, 27.1% were having dental caries, 16.7 were having reproductive problem

  7. Analysing ethnobotanical and fishery-related importance of mangroves of the East-Godavari Delta (Andhra Pradesh, India for conservation and management purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravishankar T

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Mangrove forests, though essentially common and wide-spread, are highly threatened. Local societies along with their knowledge about the mangrove also are endangered, while they are still underrepresented as scientific research topics. With the present study we document local utilization patterns, and perception of ecosystem change. We illustrate how information generated by ethnobiological research can be used to strengthen the management of the ecosystem. This study was conducted in the Godavari mangrove forest located in the East-Godavari District of the state Andhra Pradesh in India, where mangroves have been degrading due to over-exploitation, extensive development of aquaculture, and pollution from rural and urbanized areas (Kakinada. One hundred interviews were carried out among the fisherfolk population present in two mangrove zones in the study area, a wildlife sanctuary with strong conservation status and an adjacent zone. Results from the interviews indicated that Avicennia marina (Forsk. Vierh., a dominant species in the Godavari mangroves, is used most frequently as firewood and for construction. Multiple products of the mangrove included the bark of Ceriops decandra (Griff. Ding Hou to dye the fishing nets and improve their durability, the bark of Aegiceras corniculatum (L. Blanco to poison and catch fish, and the leaves of Avicennia spp. and Excoecaria agallocha L. as fodder for cattle. No medicinal uses of true mangrove species were reported, but there were a few traditional uses for mangrove associates. Utilization patterns varied in the two zones that we investigated, most likely due to differences in their ecology and legal status. The findings are discussed in relation with the demographic and socio-economic traits of the fisherfolk communities of the Godavari mangroves and indicate a clear dependency of their livelihood on the mangrove forest. Reported changes in the Godavari mangrove cover also differed in the two

  8. Estimation of gamma radiation levels in the environs of fertilizer stockyards of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India using thermoluminescence dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Phosphate and potash fertilizers are known for having higher concentrations of radionuclides and thus fertilizer stockyard environment might have higher radiation levels than that of outside natural background radiation. An attempt has been made to estimate the gamma radiation levels using thermoluminescence dosimeters and μR-survey meter in different fertilizer stockyards in Hyderabad, India. (author)

  9. Seasonal Variation of Groundwater Quality in Parts of Y.S.R and Anantapur Districts, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Sunitha

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Groundwater is used for domestic, industrial water supply and for irrigation all over the world. The groundwater quality is a function of natural processes as well as anthropogenic activities. The safe potable water is enormously essential for living and groundwater is one of the sources for human consumption in both urban as well as rural areas. The area is located in the survey of India toposheet Number 57 J/3 lying between east 780 00’ 0 ’’ to 780 15’ 0 ” longitudes and 140 15’ 0 ’’ to 140 30’ 0 ’’ North latitudes covering an area of 720 sq. kms. Geologically, it is underlain mainly by Peninsular gneisses of Archean age followed by Gulcheru and Vemapalli formations comprising quartzites, conglomerates, dolomites and shales. Major geomorphic units are denudational hills, residual hills, pediments, pediplains, structural hills and valleys. The study area experiences a semiarid climate. Physicochemical parameters viz., pH, total hardness, calcium, chloride, total dissolved solids, fluoride were analyzed. Most of parameter show higher value than permissible limit in pre and post monsoon. Further, a moderation in water quality was observed after the monsoon season, which can be attributed to a possible dilution due to groundwater recharge People dependent on this water may prone to health hazard. Therefore some effective measures are urgently required to enhance the quality of water in these areas.

  10. Food processing in Andhra Pradesh: Opportunities and challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Mahendra Dev, S.; N.Chandrasekhara Rao

    2004-01-01

    There has been diversification of Indian diets away from foodgrains to high value products like milk, meat products, vegetables and fruits. Food-processing industry has been registering good growth since the past few decades and particularly after nineties. The conditions are now ideal for the growth of this industry. The central government has taken some steps to deregulate and encourage the sector after 1991. However, the role of states is vital. The government of Andhra Pradesh released a ...

  11. Technology Implementation in Public Sectors units of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Rakesh Phanindra Akula; V. B. Narasimha; Chandrashekar, M.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we have discussed about computer-based information and communications technologies like mobile technology that distribute the fundamental development to the transfer of public services. Now a day’s several types of electronic devices are used to share the information to common people by GUI (Graphical User interface) like tablet-PC and smartphone etc., by using technology government of Andhra Pradesh has started services to urban and rural people for providing quicker services. ...

  12. Food Processing in Andhra Pradesh Opportunities and Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    There has been diversification of Indian diets away from foodgrains to high value products like milk, meat products, vegetables and fruits. Food-processing industry has been registering good growth since the past few decades and particularly after nineties. The conditions are now ideal for the growth of this industry. The central government has taken some steps to deregulate and encourage the sector after 1991. However, the role of states is vital. The government of Andhra Pradesh released a ...

  13. Natural radioactivity in some parts of Andhra Pradesh: a review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The environmental nuclear radiation is invisible, odorless and poorly understood by the public. Its exposure to human beings from natural sources is continuing and inescapable feature and it has been a cause of extreme public concern. The Andhra Pradesh state capital, Hyderabad, is located in the granitic areas of Deccan plateau forming a part of the peninsular gneissic complex designated as unclassified crystalline consisting of varieties of granites, granite gneisses and pegmatites. In addition, rich mineralization of different metals found in various parts of the state is due to the diversified geology of Andhra Pradesh. Uranium mineralization is present in crescent shaped Cuddapah basin. The extraction of uranium has been initiated in Thummalapally of Kadapa district and the same is proposed in Lambapur and Peddagattu areas of Nalgonda district. Heavy metal mineralization is found in Northeast coast and huge coal mineralization along Godavari river basin is being extracted by Singareni Calories Company Limited. It is expected that mining and extraction activities can enhance the radiation levels in the environment leading to exposure of higher dose to the living population. Hence, there is a need to estimate the environmental radiation levels in the habitats of these areas and to this end, our group has initiated a systematic study on dose received by the population in the different environs of Andhra Pradesh state. The present work reviews the data on nuclear radiation levels in these mineralized areas along with some districts of the state including the capital city, Hyderabad. (author)

  14. A Study on Ground Water Resource Management in Gondwana Formations in Western Part of West Godavari District Andhra Pradesh India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singara, S.

    2006-05-01

    like maize, tobacco, palm oil, garden crops in minor extent and coconut was planted in large extents. Piezometric surface shows uniform gradient over the entire area indicating hydraulic continuity between different geological formations. The water budgeting was computed by using norms recommended by GEC (Ground Water Estimation Committee) of CGWB 1997, Govt. of India. For the present study, June 2000 to May 2001 period is taken as groundwater year. Groundwater recharge is calculated (formation wise) by rainfall infiltration and water table fluctuation methods, and recharge from other sources reservoirs, tanks, canals, irrigation water returns etc. the total recharge comes to be 626 MCM. Groundwater draft for irrigation and domestic purposes is found to be 994.96 MCM. Groundwater balance shows overdraft by 364.15 MCM. Well density is increased from 30/Sq.km in 2000. Piezometric surface profiles in N-S direction also show a drop from 1960 to 2000 year by 44m. Taking into consideration, the mined water during 1990-2000, the overdraft comes to 704 MCM i.e. 70.4 MCM/year. Groundwater draft in the study area is found to be 2.85 times more than the actual requirement (342 MCM) of the crops in the area due to highly permeable sandy soils. In view of the alarming imbalance in the groundwater recharge and draft, some management practices are suggested to restore the original groundwater condition which includes proper well spacing, artificial recharge, change of cropping pattern and irrigation methods to suit to the local conditions. Quality of groundwater is suitable for drinking and agricultural purposes.

  15. Evaluation of children in six blind schools of Andhra Pradesh

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    Hornby Stella

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: 1.To determine the anatomical site and underlying causes of severe visual impairment and blindness in children in special education in Andhra Pradesh, India. 2. To compare the causes of blindness in two different regions in the state. 3. To evaluate improvement with correction of refractive error and low-vision devices (LVDs Methods: Children in 6 schools for the blind and in 3 integrated education programmes were examined by one ophthalmologist, and were refracted and assessed for LVDs by an optometrist. The major anatomical site and underlying aetiology of severe visual impairment and blindness (SVI/BL; <6/60 in the better eye were recorded using the standardised WHO reporting form. Results: Two hundred and ninety one students under 16 years were examined, and after refraction, 267 (91.7% were classified as being severely visually impaired or blind. The most common anatomical sites of SVI/BL were retina in 31.1% children; cornea in 24.3%; and whole globe in 20.2%. The aetiology was unknown in 38.2%, hereditary in 34.8% and childhood causes in 24%. 114 children (39.2% had functional low vision (i.e. visual acuity <6/18 to light perception with navigational vision. In this group, 36 children improved with spectacles and 16 benefited by LVDs. 41 children (15.4% were able to read N10 point though they were studying Braille. Conclusion: Overall 37.4% of children had "avoidable" causes of blindness. The major avoidable causes were vitamin-A deficiency and cataract. Vitamin-A deficiency and congenital anomalies were more common in the dry plateau areas of the state. One in seven children could read normal print with optical support.

  16. Management of nitrogen and evaluation of water-use efficiency in traditional and improved cropping systems of the southern Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A collaborative research project among the International Atomic Energy Agency, Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University and the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, was initiated in 1999 with the objective of developing a set of options for improving the nitrogen (N) nutrition of dry-land cropping systems by use of N from biological N2 fixation, fertilizer and organic matter at the Regional Agricultural Research Station, Palem, Mahabubnagar District, Andhra Pradesh. The main experiment consisted of traditional (sorghum-castor) and improved (sorghum/pigeon pea-castor) cropping systems on a two-year rotation cycle with four N-management options. Nitrogen-15-labelled fertilizer and farmyard manure (FYM) were included as sources of N. In spite of low rainfall (390 mm in 1999; and 450 mm in 2000) both sorghum and castor responded to applied N. Intercropped pigeon pea had beneficial effects on the succeeding castor crop. A grain yield advantage of 88 kg ha-1 was obtained with castor following sorghum/pigeon pea compared to that following sole sorghum. In on-farm participatory trials, the yields of sorghum, castor and pigeon pea were substantially higher with improved practice compared to farmers' practice. There was no significant difference between urea alone and urea plus FYM as a source of N to sorghum and castor-based cropping systems. (author)

  17. Long-term variation of Surface Ozone, NO2, temperature and relative humidity on crop yield over Andhra Pradesh (AP), India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arunachalam, M. S.; Obili, Manjula; Srimurali, M.

    2016-07-01

    Long-term variation of Surface Ozone, NO2, Temperature, Relative humidity and crop yield datasets over thirteen districts of Andhra Pradesh(AP) has been studied with the help of OMI, MODIS, AIRS, ERA-Interim re-analysis and Directorate of Economics and Statistics (DES) of AP. Inter comparison of crop yield loss estimates according to exposure metrics such as AOT40 (accumulated ozone exposure over a threshold of 40) and non-linear variation of surface temperature for twenty and eighteen varieties of two major crop growing seasons namely, kharif (April-September) and rabi (October-March), respectively has been made. Study is carried to establish a new crop-yield-exposure relationship for different crop cultivars of AP. Both ozone and temperature are showing a correlation coefficient of 0.66 and 0.87 with relative humidity; and 0.72 and 0.80 with NO2. Alleviation of high surface ozone results in high food security and improves the economy thereby reduces the induced warming of the troposphere caused by ozone. Keywords: Surface Ozone, NO2, Temperature, Relative humidity, Crop yield, AOT 40.

  18. Spectacle Coverage and Spectacles Use among Elderly Population in Residential Care in the South Indian State of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Srinivas Marmamula; Mei Ying Boon; L. V. Chandra Sekhar Ravuri; Khanna, Rohit C

    2013-01-01

    Background. There is limited research conducted on uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia, and spectacles use among the elderly population in residential care in developing countries such as India. We conducted a cross-sectional study among elderly in residential care to assess the spectacle coverage and spectacles usage in the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Methods. All 524 residents in the 26 “homes for aged” institutions in the district were enumerated. Eye examination was perfor...

  19. Education and Literacy in Andhra Pradesh (Pre-School, School, Higher and Technical Education and Adult Literacy and Skills)

    OpenAIRE

    Motkuri, Venkatanarayana

    2013-01-01

    The present background paper reviews the progress of education including K12, vocational and higher education, skill development and literacy particularly during the last two decades in Andhra Pradesh and an attempt is made to identify gaps. It is observed that pre-primary education in the state, as is the case of all over India, still neglected and needs a strong policy intervention. With respect to school education, although the quantitative expansion is remarkable in the state as well as i...

  20. GIS for public health : A study of Andhra Pradesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Geographic information systems and remote sensing have capabilities that are ideally suited for use in infectious disease surveillance and control, particularly for the many vector-borne neglected diseases that are often found in poor populations in remote rural areas. They are also highly relevant to meet the demands of outbreak investigation and response, where prompt location of cases, rapid communication of information, and quick mapping of the epidemic's dynamics are vital. The situation has changed dramatically over the past few years. GIS helps in determining geographic distribution of diseases, analysing spatial and temporal trends, Mapping populations at risk, Stratifying risk factors, Assessing resource allocation, Planning and targeting interventions, Monitoring diseases and interventions over time. There are vast disparities in people's health even among the different districts across the state of Andhra Pradesh largely attributed to the resource allocation by the state government. Despite having centers of excellence in healthcare delivery, these facilities are limited and are inadequate in meeting the current healthcare demands. The main objectives are to study the prevalent diseases in Andhra Pradesh, to study the infrastructural facilities available in A.P. The methodology includes the Spatial Database, which will be mostly in the form of digitized format. The Non-Spatial Database includes both secondary data as well as the primary data

  1. SOCIO - ECONOMIC STATUS OF DALIT WOMEN-A STUDY IN ANDHRA PRADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Swarupa Rani

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The present paper examines issues related to the Dalit women vis-à-vis socio-economic problems of Andhra Pradesh. The disadvantages of caste, class gender and the exclusionary mechanism entrenched hierarchical social relations have had differential outcomes for Dalit women in our society. The constitution of India is enriched with several provisions for schedule castes to safeguard and promote their cultural, social, educational, and economic status in order to bring them in the mainstream of the nation. This paper also explores, who are living outside the mainstream of the society due to their lower social and economic status. The caste-based stratification of the society adversely affected the equality of opportunities to the disadvantage of these groups. It also examined the demerits of caste attached to the present scheduled castes in general and scheduled caste women in particular. The scheduled caste women are disadvantaged by their caste and gender and as such they are subject to exploitation and discrimination by their family members, by their caste people and by forward castes. The female feticide, illiteracy, gender inequality, different types of violence, dowry, child marriage, etc are few of the problems faced by scheduled caste women in present society. Apart from, this paper addresses the socio economic status of the Dalit women in Andhra Pradesh as well as in India.

  2. Distribution of HIV-1 resistance-conferring polymorphic alleles SDF-1-3′A, CCR2-64I and CCR5-32 in diverse populations of Andhra Pradesh, South India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G. V. Ramana; A. Vasanthi; M. Khaja; B. Su; V. Govindaiah; L. Jin; L. Singh; R. Chakraborty

    2001-12-01

    Polymorphic allelic variants of chemokine receptors CCR2 and CCR5, as well as of stromal-derived factor-1 SDF-1, the ligand for the chemokine receptor CXCR4, are known to have protective effects against HIV-1 infection and to be involved with delay in disease progression. We have studied the DNA polymorphisms at the loci that encode these proteins in 525 healthy individuals without any history of HIV-1 infection from 11 diverse populations of Andhra Pradesh, South India. The two protective alleles SDF-1-3′A and CCR2-64I at the SDF-1 and CCR2 loci, respectively, are present in all populations studied, although their frequencies differ considerably across populations (from 17% to 35% for the SDF-1-3′A allele, and from 3% to 17% for CCR2-64I). In contrast the CCR5-32 allele is observed only in three populations (Yamani, Pathan and Kamma), all in low frequencies (i.e. 1% to 3%). The mean number of mutant alleles (for the three loci together) carried by each individual varies from 0.475 (in Vizag Brahmins) to 0.959 (in Bohra Muslims). The estimated relative hazard values for the populations, computed from the three-locus genotype data, are comparable to those from Africa and Southeast Asia, where AIDS is known to be widespread.

  3. Ethno – Medico – Botany of Chenchus of Mahaboobnagar District, Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, T. Dharmachandra; Pullaiah, T.

    1999-01-01

    The present paper deals with the ethno-medico-botany of Chenchus of Mahaboobnagar district, Andhra Pradesh. About fourty four plants are enumerated with knowledge of the tribals for their medicinal uses in curing different diseases and ailments.

  4. Anthropometrics of mental foramen in dry dentate and edentulous mandibles in Coastal Andhra population of Andhra Pradesh State

    OpenAIRE

    Srinivas Moogala; Sahitya Sanivarapu; Ramanarayana Boyapati; Narasimha Swamy Devulapalli; Swarna Chakrapani; Laxmikanth Kolaparthy

    2014-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the morphological features and morphometrics of mental foramen with reference to surrounding anatomical landmarks in Coastal Andhra population of Andhra Pradesh State. Materials and Methods: Two-hundred and nineteen dry dentate and edentulous mandibles are examined in this study. Out of these 127 were dentate and 92 were edentulous. Various morphological and morphometrical parameters were measured by using digital Vernier caliper, metallic wire and m...

  5. Relationship Between Drinking Water Fluoride Levels, Dental Fluorosis, Dental Caries and Associated Risk Factors in 9-12 Years Old School Children of Nelakondapally Mandal of Khammam District, Andhra Pradesh, India: A Cross-sectional Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Shanthi, M.; Reddy, B Vishnuvardhan; V Venkataramana; Gowrisankar, S; Reddy, B V Thimma; Chennupati, Sireesha

    2014-01-01

    Background: The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between drinking water fluoride (F) levels, dental fluorosis and dental caries among 9-12 years old school children of Nelakondapally Mandal, Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on 1500 school children aged 9-12 years, selected by stratified random sampling from different areas with different levels of naturally occurring F in ...

  6. PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF ABO AND RHESUS BLOOD GROUPS: A CONCRETE STUDY IN PRAKASAM DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bora Prasada

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : ABO and Rh System are the major blood Groups widely distributed in the general population irrespective of their race, ethnicity and geographical distribution. The present study is conducted to identify the distribution of these commonest blood groups prevailing in the Prakasam District of Andhra Pradesh in comparison with related studies in India and abroad. About 2404 samples over a period of 4 months from November 2014 to February 2015, grouped for ABO and Rh - D System(s at Blood Bank, RIMS, Ongole, Prakasam district Andhra Pradesh. METHODS : Ongole is the capital of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh; it is very near to the present proposed capital of Andhra Pradesh. The present study was conducted in human male and female subjects comprising of 2404 attendees to the RIMS Medical College Blood Bank of Prakasam D istrict over a period of 4 months. All the standardized Operating Procedures (SOPs and Quality Control measures are taken for blood group determination including Donor Screening Questionnaire. Subjects with severe medical problems like Cardio respiratory, renal, hepatic and gastrointestinal illnesses were excluded from the study. RESULTS : In the present study in Prakasam district, the most common Blood Group in ABO and Rh system was found to be ‘O’ +ve. Next common in descending order were B +ve, A +ve, AB +ve, O - ve, A - ve, B - ve and AB - ve. In Prakasam District, the commonest Rh Blood type is Rh Positive (94.5%, less frequent is Rh negative (5.5%. In South India Rh Positive is 94.6%, Rh negative is 5.4%. In European Population Rh Positive is 85% and Rh negative is 15%. Of the total 60 people affected by diseases, 4 were affected by HIV, 40 by HBSAG and 16 by HCV. CONCLUSION : It is clearly evident that the most common Blood Group in ABO system is ‘O’. Least common Blood Group is AB. In Rh system D Positive is 94.5% in general population.

  7. Gravity inferred subsurface structure of Gadwal Schist belt, Andhra Pradesh

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G Ramadass; I B Ramaprasada Rao; N Srinivasulu

    2001-03-01

    Detailed gravity data collected across the Gadwal schist belt in the state of Andhra Pradesh show an 8.4 mgal residual gravity anomaly associated with meta-sediments/volcanics of the linear NNW-SSE trending schist belt that shows metamorphism from green schist to amphibolite facies. This schist belt is flanked on either side by the peninsular gneissic complex. The elevation and slab Bouguer corrected residual gravity profile data were interpreted using 2-D prism models. The results indicate a synformal structure having a width of 1.8 km at the surface, tapering at a depth of about 2.6 km with a positive density contrast of 0.15 gm/cc with respect to the surrounding peninsular gneissic complex.

  8. Analysis of female radiation workers dose records in the DAE Units of Andhra Pradesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basis for control of occupational exposures of women is same as that of men except for pregnant women. Percentage of women working in radiation areas of DAE has marginally increased in the last three decades. This paper analysed the data on the externally received personal dose equivalent for female radiation workers who have been exposed ti ionizing radiation in different occupations of DAE units in Andhra Pradesh. From this study we can say confidently that it is equally safe for women to work in radiation areas as long as they follow radiation protection principles. Hence, women in India should be made aware that it is safe to work in radiation areas and DAE is taking their care by periodical medical checkups, maintaining dose records, etc

  9. Prevalence of Clostridium perfringens toxin genotypes in enterotoxemia suspected sheep flocks of Andhra Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Vinod Kumar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To identify the Clostridium perfringens toxin genotypes prevailing in enterotoxemia suspected sheep flocks in Andhra Pradesh by using multiplex PCR. Materials and Methods: Intestinal scrapings were collected from lambs below three months of age from flocks with similar management from different Districts of Andhra Pradesh, in India. A total of 208 samples were collected with 140 from enterotoxemia suspected flocks and 68 from healthy flocks. Following processing and culture of the samples, colonies were identified by morphological and biochemical tests. All the clostridial isolates were analyzed by multiplex PCR. Results: C. pefringens were isolated from 97 out of 140 enterotoxemia suspected flocks (69.29% and 27 out of 68 healthy flocks (39.71 %. Genotyping of the 97 iolates by multiplex PCR from enterotoxemia suspected flocks indicated C. perfringens type A, C and D 67.01% (65 out of 97; 11.34% (11 out of 97 and 21.65% (21 out of 97 respectively. Isolates from healthy flocks indicated the presence of type A and D 92.59% (25 out of 27 and 7.40% (2 out of 27 respectively. Number of isolates from enterotoxaemia suspected flocks were significantly high (P<0.001 than healthy flocks. Type A is found to be predominant in both enterotoxemia suspected and healthy flocks (67.01% and 92.59%. Conclusions: Prevalence of C. perfringens type C was reported for the first time in India. Clostridium perfringens type D and type C were found to be the major causative types for enterotoxemia.

  10. Crop Coefficients of Some Selected Crops of Andhra Pradesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, K. Chandrasekhar; Arunajyothy, S.; Mallikarjuna, P.

    2015-06-01

    Precise information on crop coefficients for estimating crop evapotranspiration (ETc) for regional scale irrigation planning is a major impediment in many regions. Crop coefficients suggested based on lysimeter data by earlier investigators have to be locally calibrated to account for the differences in the crop canopy under given climatic conditions. In the present study crop coefficients were derived based on reference crop evapotranspiration (ET0) estimated from Penman-Monteith equation and lysimeter measured ETc for groundnut, paddy, tobacco, sugarcane and castor crops at Tirupati, Nellore, Rajahmundry, Anakapalli and Rajendranagar centers of Andhra Pradesh respectively. Crop coefficients derived were compared with those recommended by FAO-56. The mean crop coefficients at different stages of growth were significantly different from those of FAO-56 curve though a similar trend was observed. A third order polynomial crop coefficient model has therefore been developed as a function of time (days after sowing the crop) for deriving suitable crop coefficients. The crop coefficient models suggested may be adopted to estimate crop evapotranspiration in the study area with reasonable degree of accuracy.

  11. Declining Labour Use in Agriculture : A Case of Rice Cultivation in Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Duvvuru, Narasimha Reddy; Motkuri, Venkatanarayana

    2013-01-01

    The present paper examines the changing nature of labour use in rice cultivation in Andhra Pradesh. The study observed that there is a fast decline in labour use in respect of rice cultivation in Andhra Pradesh. All three forms of labour (family, casual and attached) have followed the same trend. But the share of casual labour in the total labour used in rice cultivation is increasing with a corresponding decline in the share of family labour. By gender, although both male and female labour u...

  12. Study of dung, urine, and milk of selected grazing animals as bioindicators in environmental geoscience--a case study from Mangampeta barite mining area, Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raghu, V

    2015-01-01

    The ancient scientific Sanskrit texts of Ayurveda (science of longevity) deal with waters, plants, and animals in relation to human health. Based on the studies mentioned in Ayurveda and modern literature, biological responses of grazing animals in Mangampeta barite mining area in Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh, were studied. A non-mineralized Tirupati area in Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, was selected for the purpose of comparison. In these areas, certain animal products of selected grazing animals were studied if they could be used as tools in mineral exploration. Samples of dung, urine, and milk from cow, bullock, she-buffalo, he-buffalo, sheep, and goat were collected from these two areas during winter and summer seasons. Goat dung was found to have lowest moisture content and highest organic matter while goat urine contained highest amounts of organic matter and ash content. All these animal products were analyzed for 11 trace elements. The concentration of trace elements released through dung, urine, and milk widely varied in different animal species with seasonal variations. The elemental concentration was higher in dung and lower in urine, when compared to that of milk. The concentration of all elements in dung, urine, and milk of all animals, in both the areas, was higher in winter than that in summer. Dung represents the metabolic process of the whole animal and reflects the dietary conditions whether fed on natural or inorganic supplement. It can be inferred that dung, urine, and milk of any animal can be used as tools in mineral exploration during winter, while during summer, only dung can be useful. The dung of goat when compared to that of the other cattle serves as a better tool in environmental studies as goat depends almost entirely on natural vegetation without human interference. PMID:25416966

  13. VARIEGATED WILD MEDICINAL PLANT OF ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA NESS (ACANTHACEAE) RECORDED IN KONDAPALLI, KRISHNA DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH

    OpenAIRE

    Alagesaboopathi, C.; Dwarakan, P.; Ramachandran, V S

    2001-01-01

    A preliminary survey of medicinal plants conducted surrounding forest region of Krishna District of Andhra Pradesh, among these abnormality of wild variegated Andrographis paniculata medicinal plant and its details are reported in this paper.

  14. On the possibility of identifying low cost, medium grade uranium deposits close to the proterozoic unconformity in the Cuddapah Basin, Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With increasing emphasis on unconformity-type uranium deposits within intracratonic Middle-Proterozoic basins, as documented in Canada and Australia, efforts towards identifying such basins in the Indian Peninsular Shield, since 1990, have encountered some success. The Mid-Proterozoic Cuddapah Basin has thus come up as a most promising target area in India. On the north-western margin of this basin the Srisailam Formation, the youngest member of the Cuddapah Supergroup, directly overlies the basement granite of Lower Proterozoic/Archaean age and forms a dominant plateau of more than 3000 km2. Amongst the numerous uraniferous anomalies located close to this unconformity the Lambapur occurrence has been under active exploration. Uranium mineralization at Lambapur is essentially confined to the basement granite and occurs in the form of elongate pods at the intersections of two prominent sets of fractures, trending NNE-SSW and NW-SE, with the unconformity plane. The ore bodies have very sharp outlines with very shallow depth persistence (5 m) below the unconformity. Three sets of basic dykes intrude the basement granite in NNE-SSW, E-W and NW-SE trends. The NNE- and E-W trending dykes are also mineralized wherever sheared and fractured. Association of uraninite with druzy quartz, galena, chalcopyrite and pyrite point to possible hydrothermal nature for this mineralization. The Lambapur occurrence, although of low to medium grade (0.060 to 0.30% U3O8), is unique in the sense that it has many of the features akin to the classical unconformity-type deposits of Canada and Australia. Many of the important parameters such as the age of the unconformity and mineralization, age and role of basic dyke swarms, and associated alteration patterns are under study. 19 refs, 12 figs, 3 tabs

  15. Prevalence of dental caries and dental fluorosis among 12 and15 year-old school children in an endemic fluoride area of Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jagadeeswara Rao Sukhabogi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The published literature on the prevalence of dental caries and fluorosis in Nalgonda district, an endemic fluoride belt in India was scanty. Objective: To determine the prevalence of dental caries and dental fluorosis among 12 and 15 years old school children in relation to fluoride concentration in Nalgonda district. Materials and Methods: Stratified random sampling technique was employed to select 20 schools from Nalgonda district. These areas were divided into four categories, low, medium, high and very high fluoride areas based on the fluoride concentration. The oral examination for dental caries and fluorosis among children who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria were conducted by a single trained and calibrated examiner using mouth mirror and CPI (Community Periodontal Index probe under natural daylight. The data analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences SPSS version 16. Results: The prevalence of dental caries among 12 and 15 year old school children was 42.6% and 48.6% respectively. The prevalence was more among females (56.9% than males (34.2%. The prevalence was more in low fluoride area (67% followed by very high fluoride area (56.1%. The lowest prevalence was in medium fluoride area (20.5%. The prevalence of dental fluorosis increased with increasing fluoride concentration with no difference in the gender and age distribution. Conclusion: Defluoridation of water in areas where the concentration of fluoride is more than optimal is an immediate need as dental fluorosis is a major public health problem in these areas.

  16. The Best Laid Plans: Access to the Rajiv Aarogyasri community health insurance scheme of Andhra Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Narasimhan

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a qualitative assessment of a public health insurance scheme in the state of Andhra Pradesh, south India, called the Rajiv Aarogyasri Community Health Insurance Scheme (or Aarogyasri, using the case-study method. Focusing on inpatient hospital care and especially on surgical treatments leaves the scheme wanting in meeting the health care needs of and addressing the impoverishing health expenditure incurred by the poor, especially those living in rural areas. Though well-intentioned, people from vulnerable sections of society may find the scheme ultimately unhelpful for their needs. Through an in-depth qualitative approach, the paper highlights not just financial difficulties but also the non-financial barriers to accessing health care, despite the existence of a scheme such as Aarogyasri. Narrative evidence from poor households offers powerful insights into why even the most innovative state health insurance schemes may not achieve their goals and systemic corrections needed to address barriers to health care.

  17. An outbreak of cutaneous anthrax in a non-endemic district - Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohanraj Promila

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Anthrax is a disease of herbivorous animals, and humans incidentally acquire the disease by handling infected dead animals and their products. Sporadic cases of human anthrax have been reported from Southern India. METHODS: Five tribal men presented with painless ulcers with vesiculation and edema of the surrounding skin on the extremities without any constitutional symptoms. There was a history of slaughtering and consumption of a dead goat ten days prior to the development of skin lesions. Clinically cutaneous anthrax was suspected and smears, swabs and punch biopsies were taken for culture and identification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR. All the cases were treated with intravenous followed by oral antibiotics. Appropriate health authorities were alerted and proper control measures were employed. RESULTS: Smears from the cutaneous lesions of all five patients were positive for Bacillus anthracis and this was confirmed by a positive culture and PCR of the smears in four of the five cases. All the cases responded to antibiotics. CONCLUSION: We report five cases of cutaneous anthrax in a non-endemic district, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, for the first time.

  18. Value added products with popular low grade rice varieties of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Anitha, G.; Rajyalakshmi, P.

    2013-01-01

    Eight Popular Low Grade Rice Varieties (PLRVs) MTU 3626, MTU 1001, MTU 1010, MTU 4870 and NLR 145, NLR 34242, NLR 30491, NLR 34449, (developed and released by ANGR agricultural University, Andhra Pradesh) having poor cooking quality were selected for the study. ANGRAU variety BPT 5204 popularly consumed as staple rice was used as check. Eight products of traditional/commercial importance were standardized incorporating PLRVs as a major ingredient in the form of rice flour (burfi, noodles and ...

  19. State Business Relations and Performance of Manufacturing Sector in Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    M. Gopinath Reddy; Alivelu G; Srinivasulu K

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we make an attempt to enquire into the politics of the government and business relation and how it affected the industrial development in general and expansion of manufacturing sector in particular in the state of Andhra Pradesh. In AP State Business Relations (SBR) have evolved gradually under different political regimes - from 'indifferent' SBR's during initial decades, passing through critical junctures in the form of 'active' and 'pro-active' phases and finally SBRs reachin...

  20. Management of ports and maritime trade of Orissa and Andhra Pradesh during the historical period

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripati, S.

    -60). Ports of Andhra Pradesh Kalingapatnam, the ancient port city of Kalinga, is situated at the mouth of the river Vamsadhara. The Chicacole grant (Fleet 1984) of King Indravarman and Narasingapalli plates (Majumdar 1984) of King Hastivarman... of the Eastern Ganga dynasty refer to Kalinganagara, the capital city situated near the seashore. Explorations at Kalingapatnam revealed megalithic Black and red ware along with black and grey ware treated in kaolin paint under a black slip, red slipped ware...

  1. Physico Chemical Assessment and Comparison of Quality of Underground Water for Drinking Purpose At Periodic Interval in the Village of Srikurmam, Gara Mandal in Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaddi Dhilleswara Rao

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Safe drinking water is essential to the protection of public health and well-being of citizens. Clean safe and adequate fresh water is vital to the survival of all living organisms.Drinking water affects the health of human beings due to the presence of various chemical constituents. Therefore, every person should have required the minimum knowledge of quality of drinking water. Ground water is the one of the major sources of water for drinking, agricultural and industrial needs. The subject of the quality of water in village of Srikurmam in Gara mandal of Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh is taken up for the study. An attempt is made to investigate the physico-chemical parameters of ground water on seasonal base and its comparison. The results in this presentation are reported and comparison on the seasonal base like June 2011, July 2012 , July 2013and in the month of May 2014. The results obtained are related to electrical conductivity, pH, Turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids, Total Hardness, Calcium and Magnesium Hardness, Chlorides, Alkalinity, Fluorides, Nitrites, Phosphates, Phenol, Metals like Sodium, Potassium, Iron, Zinc, Cadmium, Cobalt, Nickel,Lead andCopper. Theresults obtained are compared with standards of WHO andBISand assessing the quality of ground water for drinking purposes through Water Quality Index (WQI. Finally, the results indicate that the water at Srikurmam is not fit for drinking without using a standard purification method.

  2. Die raumwirksame Tätigkeit indischer Voluntary Organisations, dargestellt am Beispiel ausgewählter Landkreise (Mandals) des Bundesstaates Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Nest, Günter Horst

    2002-01-01

    Die Dissertation "Die raumwirksame Tätigkeit indischer Voluntary Organisations, dargestellt am Beispiel ausgewählter Landkreise (Mandals) des Bundeslandes Andhra Pradesh" ist eine sektorale Studie zur Umsetzung ländlicher Entwicklungsprogramme mit dem Schwerpunkt sozialer Wohnungsbau von verschiedenen indischen Voluntary Organisations im Osten des indischen Bundesstaates Andhra Pradesh. Sie zeigt unter Anwendung quantitativer wie auch qualitativer Methoden der empirischen Sozialforschung die ...

  3. Microfinance Impact on Socio-Economic Empowerment: A special Reference to Andhra Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V Vachya L

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study seeks to examine the role of microfinance and its impact on economic and social empowerment of women. There are great debates going on whether forming groups, membership for women, providing credit and imparting some business skills would change the social equations in the society or whether provision of credit may lead to pervasively entrenched political and economic relations among the genders. The proponents argue that providing credit, targeting women can prove to be a suitable mechanism in ameliorating poor women’s socio-economic conditions and thereby can alter the relations between gender and class. Undoubtedly, there have been significant advances in women empowerment in recent years and the concept and practice of SHG-based microfinance has now developed deep roots in many parts of the country. Impact assessment being rather limited so far, it is hard to measure and quantify the effect the Indian microfinance experience so far had on the poverty situation in rural India. The present study seeks to examine the process of women empowerment and changes in the economic status of SHG members in particular and rural women in general. For this study, multi-stage stratified proportionate random sampling technique was adopted for selecting the representative districts, mandals/talukas, villages and households. The primary data was collected from six villages in the three regions (Coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema and Telangana of Andhra Pradesh. Tabular and statistical analyses were applied for examining the data. Empirically acclaimed logistic regression model has been employed for analyzing significant impact of plausible socio-economic factors on women empowerment. The study found that the socio-economic indicators have changed. It also emerged that there has been an increase in women participation in the household decision making process. The study has suggested that the government should prepare suitable plans and programmes

  4. Effects of consanguineous marriages on fertility among three endogamous groups of Andhra Pradesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, P G

    1987-01-01

    To assess interrelationships between consanguineous marriage and fertility, 3 caste groups in Andhra Pradesh--the Desuri Kapu, an affluent agricultural caste; the Devanga, an artisan caste in the middle range of the hierarchy; and the Mala, a scheduled caste at the bottom--were selected for field study. Consanguineous marriages are an essential part of the social structure in this area of southern India. A total of 2524 marriages were analyzed, of which 46% were consanguineous. 19% of consanguineous marriages were between uncle and niece, 22% were between 1st cousins, and 5% were between more distant cousins. The Devanga had the highest rate of related marriages (48%), followed by the Desuri Kapu (47%) and the Mala (41%). Higher caste individuals, and wealthier persons within each caste, are more likely to marry relatives so they can avoid splitting their properties through dowry of bride price. The consanguineous unions as a whole were significantly more fertile than nonconsanguineous unions. The mean number of pregnancies, live births, and surviving offspring was 4.85, 4.44, and 2.99, respectively, among consanguineous couples compared with 3.41, 3.32, and 2.87, respectively, among nonconsanguineous couples. Although the number of pregnancies and live births was significantly higher among consanguineous couples in all 3 castes compared with nonconsanguineous couples, the difference in the number of surviving children between consanguineous and nonconsanguineous unions was not significant among the wealthier castes. This suggests that child mortality is higher among the offspring of consanguineous unions, despite their greater wealth. PMID:3686072

  5. Structure of Charnockitic basement in a part of the Krishna–Godavari basin, Andhra Pradesh

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    I V Radhakrishna Murthy; S Bangaru Babu

    2006-08-01

    A regional magnetic survey was carried out over an area of 8000 km2 in Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh,India,which is covered by the rocks of Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt (EGMB) viz., the Khondalitic series and Charnockites in the northern half and Permian to Mesozoic and Cenozoic sediments in the southern half,and forms a part of the Krishna –Godavari (K –G)basin. The survey brought out a strong NE –SW trending anomaly in the area covered by the rocks of Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt (EGMB),and a mild ENE –WSW trending anomaly in the area covered by the sediments of the Krishna –Godavari (K –G)basin.The NE –SW trending anomaly in the northern half could be attributed to the exposed/near surface Charnockite basement that has come closer to the surface as a result of Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt (EGMB)tectonics.Explanation of the mild ENE –WSW trending anomaly over the sediments of the Krishna –Godavari (K –G)basin required a faulted magnetic basement at depth downthrown towards the south.It is therefore concluded that the Charnockitic basement together with the Khondalite group of rocks which are folded and faulted during the different phases of tectonics of Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt (EGMB) extend into the Krishna –Godavari (K –G)basin and further,were involved in faulting during the phases of formation and sedimentation in the Krishna –Godavari (K –G)basin.

  6. Seroprevalence of Scrub typhus at a tertiary care hospital in Andhra Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Ramyasree

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Scrub typhus is a rickettsial infection which is caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi and transmitted by the bite of the chigger of a mite. Delay in diagnosis can be fatal otherwise the treatment is simple, doxycycline being the drug of choice. Indirect immunoflurescence is considered gold standard but it is not used in India as it is costly and also not available. There is need for rapid, economic and simple test for the diagnosis of scrub typhus. This study was taken up to study the seroprevalence of scrub typhus in Andhra Pradesh and to compare two commonly used serological methods; rapid test and IgM ELISA. Materials and methods: This is a prospective study in which 100 serum samples from clinically suspected cases collected over a period of 3 months were processed for the detection of IgM antibodies for scrub typhus by ELISA and Rapid test. Samples were also tested for leptospirosis and dengue fever which the other common causes of fever prevalent in this region. Results: Total number of samples processed was 100 of which 52 were males and 48 females. Among the hundred samples 39 were seropositive. Positivity was higher in the age group of patients between 16 and 30 yrs of age. There was 97% correlation between ELISA and rapid method. Of the 100 samples only three samples positive by ELISA were negative by rapid method. Fever was the most common manifestation and there was no eschar and no mortality reported. Conclusion: Scrub typhus should be included in the differential diagnosis of fever of unknown origin along with dengue, malaria and leptospirosis which are the other common endemic infections in this part of the country.

  7. Preliminary studies on geochronology and geochemistry of uraniferous granites from Chitrial area, Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The crescent-shaped Cuddapah basin, covering an area of 44,500 Sq km is the second largest among the Purana basins in Peninsular India and has been considered highly promising for exploring unconformity-related uranium mineralization. The Atomic Minerals Directorate (AMD) for Exploration and Research had initiated reconnaissance radiometric survey in the Cuddapah basin and significant radioactive anomalies due to uranium were located in the basement granitoid close to the non-conformity contact with the Middle to Upper Proterozoic cover rocks of the Srisailam Formation, around Chitrial village, Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh. For geochronological studies, conventional isotope dilution techniques were used for the estimation of Rb, Sr and the isotopic ratios were measured on a VG 354 multi-collector mass spectrometer following the procedure described elsewhere. Rb and Sr abundances thus obtained range from 211 to 354 ppm and 15.9 to 136 ppm respectively and the values are in agreement with XRF data. The 87Rb/86Sr and 87Sr/86Sr ratios in these samples vary from 5.40 to 47.8 and 0.87089 to 1.6024 respectively. Seven out of the analyzed eight samples, when regressed together indicate an isochron age of 1234 ± 170 Ma (MSWD = 95) with initial 87Sr/86Sr ratio of 0.784 ± 0.025. Semi-quantitative U and Th data by geochemical (XRF) studies shows that the analyzed core samples have higher U/Th ratio in the range of 0.62-5.68 compared to average value of 0.26 in granitic rocks. It is therefore inferred that the Rb-Sr age of 1234 ± 170 Ma with very high initial 87Sr/86Sr of 0.784 is the time of the Sr isotopic re-homogenization during an episode of fluid interaction possibly related to process of U mineralization

  8. Problem alcohol drinking in rural women of Telangana region, Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Potukuchi, Padmavathy S.; Rao, Prasada G.

    2010-01-01

    Background: This is the first ever study conducted to assess the prevalence of problem alcohol use in the rural women of Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh. Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of dependence and problem drinking, observe the factors that led to it and to monitor the effect of intervention in the form of psycho-education on their treatment seeking attitude. Materials and Methods: Cases were referred by the registrar from the Medicine Out-Patient Department using a three-item quest...

  9. Role of Database Management Systems in Selected Engineering Institutions of Andhra Pradesh: An Analytical Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kutty Kumar

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to analyze the function of database management systems from the perspective of librarians working in engineering institutions in Andhra Pradesh. Ninety-eight librarians from one hundred thirty engineering institutions participated in the study. The paper reveals that training by computer suppliers and software packages are the significant mode of acquiring DBMS skills by librarians; three-fourths of the librarians are postgraduate degree holders. Most colleges use database applications for automation purposes and content value. Electrical problems and untrained staff seem to be major constraints faced by respondents for managing library databases.

  10. Prevalence of gastro intestinal parasites in ruminants and poultry in Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Murthy, G. S. S.; P V Rao

    2012-01-01

    The prevalence study was conducted on gastrointestinal parasites of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and poultry belongs to in and around Korutla, Karimangar district (Telangana region) of Andhra Pradesh. The prevalence of Fasciola sp., Amphistome sp., Eimeria sp. and Toxocara vitulorum in cattle and buffaloes were 5.3, 8.0, 10.0, 16.7 % respectively. The prevalence of Moniezia sp., Trichuris sp., Amphistome sp., Strongyle sp., Eimeria sp. in sheep and goat were 10.7, 8.0, 6.0, 9.3,4.7 % respecti...

  11. Labour in Rice Production and Value Chain : Field Observations from Jangaon, Warangal, Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Duvvuru, Narasimha Reddy; Motkuri, Venkatanarayana

    2013-01-01

    As a part of larger research project a field survey was conducted in the Janagaon region of Warangal District, Andhra Pradesh. A qualitative part focussing on the labour use in value chain of rice marketing is carried out in the study area. In order to understand the labour use in value chain, it is limited to a part of whole sale marketing. In other words it covered labour use in Agriculture Grain Market Yards, Food Corporation of India’s (FCI) rice Godowns and Rice Mills. The qualitative p...

  12. PARTICIPATORY FOREST MANAGEMENT IN ANDHRA PRADESH : A Review

    OpenAIRE

    V. Ratna Reddy; M. Gopinath Reddy; Velayutham Saravanan; Madhuusudana Bandhii; Oliver Springate-Baginski

    2004-01-01

    This paper traces the recent emergence of the new participatory forest management regime in AP Joint Forest Management (JFM) and Community Forest Management (CFM). This paper is based on the existing literature on forest policies, the historical context (pre-colonial, colonial and post independent India), and impact studies. The paper considers the contemporary developments in India in shaping the forest policies in AP. At the same time it considers the significant role played by donors and c...

  13. Assessment of groundwater quality - A case study of Kondapur mandal, Medak district, Andhra Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Ramamohan Reddy

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The suitability of groundwater for drinking purpose with respect to BIS: 10500-1991standards is assessed through statistical analysis of the data and on the basis of seasonal variation in the quality of groundwater. The study was undertaken during 2010-2011. The samples are collected during post monsoon period from bore wells being monitored by the Andhra Pradesh Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Department. The study area comprises of Kondapur Mandal, which is one of the 46 mandals of Medak District lying in the semi-arid Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh. The Mandal has 23 Revenue villages with no towns accounting to a total population of about 45000 as per census 2001. As per water quality index (WQI values, the groundwater in the study area during post monsoon ranging from “Good” to “Unfit for drinking” and no where it was found “excellent.” The poor quality of water is due to higher concentrations of fluoride and increased total hardness values. It is found that about 84% of the samples analyzed are suitable for drinking. Correlation amongst all the parameters was found to be positive but weak. Only fluoride showed negative correlation with other parameters but it is very weak. This indicates that there is no regionally extensive factor governing the water quality and it is varying with local conditions only.

  14. Anthropometrics of mental foramen in dry dentate and edentulous mandibles in Coastal Andhra population of Andhra Pradesh State

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    Srinivas Moogala

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the morphological features and morphometrics of mental foramen with reference to surrounding anatomical landmarks in Coastal Andhra population of Andhra Pradesh State. Materials and Methods: Two-hundred and nineteen dry dentate and edentulous mandibles are examined in this study. Out of these 127 were dentate and 92 were edentulous. Various morphological and morphometrical parameters were measured by using digital Vernier caliper, metallic wire and metallic scale on both the right and left sides. Results: In the present study, the distance between most anterior margin of mental foramen and posterior border of ramus of the mandible is [MF-PR], MF-PR is 69.61 ± 6.03 mm on the right side and is 69.17 ± 6. 0 mm on left side in dentate mandible. In edentulous type, MF-PR is 68.39 ±6.4 mm on right side and 68.81 ± 6.55 mm on left side. In the present study, the distance between symphysis menti and most anterior margin of mental foramen [MF-SM] in dentate mandible is 28.24 ± 5.09 mm on right side and is 27.45 ± 3.7 mm on left side. In edentulous mandible (MF-SM is 28.51 ± 4.5 mm on right side and on left side is 27.99 ± 4.50 mm. Conclusion: Acquiring the knowledge and importance of anatomy of mental foramen is helpful in avoiding neurovascular complications, during regional anesthesia, peri apical surgeries, nerve repositioning and dental implant placement.

  15. Distribution of vultures in Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Kaushalendra Kumar Jha

    2015-01-01

    As carrion feeders vultures play an important ecological role.  Counts and qualitative assessments were done over three seasons to assess the richness and abundance of vultures in Uttar Pradesh during 2010–11.  Of nine species found in India, Uttar Pradesh has six: Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus (45.9%), Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris (25.4%), Indian Vulture (Long-billed Vulture) Gyps indicus (16.8%), White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis (10.3%), Red-headed Vulture (King Vu...

  16. A STUDY OF CLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SCRUB TYPHUS IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN ANDHRA PRADESH

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    Ramachandra Rao

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Scrub typhus is a mite borne infectious disease caused by orientia tsutsugamushi. Scrub typhus is geographically confined to Asia pacific region. In India cases of scrub typhus are reported during world war – II from Assam and west Bengal, later the presence of this disease was found throughout I ndia, f rom S outh India isolated case reports are seen from Kerala, Tamilnadu and Karnataka. Recently there are isolated case reports from Andhra Pradesh but no documented case studies to our knowledge. It is possible that it exists in other states as well but goes unnoticed as physicians fail to recognize it, many physicians may be treating their patients with scrubtyphus without considering in their differential diagnosis as it responds to commonly used antibiotics. Recently we have been seeing a series of cases of scrub typhus in our hospital, so a prospective study has been done to study the clinical and epidemiological characters of this disease. Here we report a total of 56 cases of scrub typhus which were tested positive for IgM scrubtyphus by ELISA method. Through this study we hope to make physicians aware of this disease which is probably more widespread than considered and easily manageable if it is diagnosed early and prompt treatment is initiated. KEYWORDS: Scrub Typhus - Eschar.

  17. Technical Efficiency of Shrimp Farming in Andhra Pradesh: Estimation and Implications

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    I. Sivaraman

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Shrimp farming is a key subsector of Indian aquaculture which has seen a remarkable growth in the past decades and has a tremendous potential in future. The present study analyzes the technical efficiency of the shrimp famers of East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh using the Stochastic Production Frontier Function with the technical inefficiency effects. The estimates mean technical efficiency of the farmers was 93.06 % which means the farmers operate at 6.94 % below the production frontier production. Age, education, experience of the farmers and their membership status in farmers associations and societies were found to have a significant effect on the technical efficiency. The variation in the technical efficiency also confirms the differences in the extent of adoption of the shrimp farming technology among the farmers. Proper technical training opportunities could facilitate the farmers to adopt the improved technologies to increase their farm productivity.

  18. Prevalence of gastro intestinal parasites in ruminants and poultry in Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murthy, G S S; Rao, P V

    2014-06-01

    The prevalence study was conducted on gastrointestinal parasites of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and poultry belongs to in and around Korutla, Karimangar district (Telangana region) of Andhra Pradesh. The prevalence of Fasciola sp., Amphistome sp., Eimeria sp. and Toxocara vitulorum in cattle and buffaloes were 5.3, 8.0, 10.0, 16.7 % respectively. The prevalence of Moniezia sp., Trichuris sp., Amphistome sp., Strongyle sp., Eimeria sp. in sheep and goat were 10.7, 8.0, 6.0, 9.3,4.7 % respectively. The prevalence of Capillaria sp. and Eimeria sp. in poultry was 7.0 and 6.0 % respectively. The overall prevalence of gastro intestinal parasites in cattle and buffaloes was 40.0 %, 38.7 % in sheep and goat and 13.0 % in poultry. Two species of Eimeria were identified in sheep viz. Eimeria granulosa and Eimeria parva. PMID:24808650

  19. SELF-REPORTED EXPERIENCES AND PERCEPTIONS RELATED TO NEEDLE STICK INJURIES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN COASTAL ANDHRA PRADESH

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    Sai Shankar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Needle Stick Injury, a preventable problem, is a serious concern for all health care providers and workers and poses a significant risk of occupational transmission of blood borne pathogens such as HIV, HBV, HCV and some others. Relevant literature is scanty from India and none could be located from coastal Andhra Pradesh. The present study aims at determining the occurrence of Needle Stick Injuries in various categories of health workers in a tertiary care teaching hospital in coastal Andhra Pradesh, factors associated with these Needle Stick Injuries, circumstances under which they occur and the responses of the health care workers following the injury. The study also aims at assessing the awareness levels of the health care workers regarding diseases transmitted through Needle Stick Injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS After getting the permission from the authorities of KIMS&RF and clearance from IEC of KIMS&RF, an institution based crosssectional study on health care providers involved in diagnosis and treatment of patients and the cleaning staff using predesigned and pretested questionnaire was done after seeking their consent. The data collected included basic demographics of the study subjects, professional status and work experience, history of Needle Stick Injury during the last three years while on their job and the relevant details, perceptions regarding Needle Stick Injuries, knowledge on diseases associated with it and information regarding training on Universal Work Precautions. The data was entered in Microsoft Excel worksheet and analysed statistically using Epi Info version 6 software. RESULTS Of the 353 study subjects (97 males and 256 females who answered the questionnaire, 53% reported to have experienced Needle Stick Injuries and 94% of study subjects believed it to be an important problem. About 43 % met with Needle Stick Injury more than once in the last 3 years. Only 30% reported about the injury and 31% did

  20. Detection of Avibacterium paragallinarum by Polymerase chain reaction from outbreaks of Infectious coryza of poultry in Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    T. M. Nabeel Muhammad; Sreedevi, B.

    2015-01-01

    Aim: This study was carried out for the detection of Avibacterium paragallinarum from outbreaks of infectious coryza of poultry Materials and Methods: The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was standardized for the diagnosis of infectious coryza by using infectious coryza Killed vaccine, ventri biologicals, Pune as source of DNA of A. paragallinarum. Five outbreaks of infectious coryza from Andhra Pradesh were investigated in the present study. A total of 56 infra orbital sinus swabs and 22 nasa...

  1. Study on the availability of physical infrastructure and manpower facilities in sub-centers of Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    N Bayapa Reddy; G Ravi Prabhu; Sai, T.S.R.

    2012-01-01

    The sub-centers (SCs) are under constant criticism for their inability to deliver quality services due to the nonavailability of adequate infrastructure, manpower and supply of drugs.A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh to assess the availability of physical infrastructure and manpower in the SCs. A total of 34 SCs were selected by multistage and stratified random sampling technique. The data was statistically analyzed by using Microsoft Excel. The defi...

  2. Distribution of vultures in Uttar Pradesh, India

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    Kaushalendra Kumar Jha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available As carrion feeders vultures play an important ecological role.  Counts and qualitative assessments were done over three seasons to assess the richness and abundance of vultures in Uttar Pradesh during 2010–11.  Of nine species found in India, Uttar Pradesh has six: Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus (45.9%, Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris (25.4%, Indian Vulture (Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus (16.8%, White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis (10.3%, Red-headed Vulture (King Vulture Sarcogyps calvus (0.8% and Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis (0.7%.  We observed a total of 1993 adults and 91 juveniles, with the Tarai region having the greatest species richness and abundance.  Nesting tree species included Silk Cotton Bombax ceiba, Teak Tectona grandis, Haldu Haldina cordifolia and Sissoo Dalbergia sissoo.  A qualitative assessment indicated that the vulture population had declined in the past 10–15 years, with the main causes being the use of diclofenac, shortage of food and habitat loss.  Disposal of dead animals was mainly done by removing carcasses to village outskirts, where dogs, crows and egrets compete with vultures.  Such a small number of avian scavengers in a large area like Uttar Pradesh should be protected by ensuring safe and sufficient food, recovery from accidents and rehabilitation, and a protected environment.

  3. CAN MECHANIZATION REDUCE LABOUR AND WATER DEMAND IN AGRICULTURE? A CASE OF RICE TRANSPLANTERS IN ANDHRA PRADESH

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    K Gurava Reddy

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Mechanization in agricultural sector is advancing in developing countries like India. Rice is a labour-intensive crop and requires about 80-90 labour days per acre. Timely availability of labour and water for various activities of rice is becoming a problem. The cost of the labor among the cultivation cost also increased from 15-18 % to 45-47% during the last decade. Water scarcity is also increasing due to climate variability in the country. Hence, to overcome labour shortage and sustain rice production with less water, the recent phenomenon observed in Andhra Pradesh state is the use of machine transplanters and harvesters. These are resulting in the process of mechanization and increasing their popularity during the recent years. The machinery transplantation was taken up in 21 farmers fields covering 0.4 ha each. The field observations from the farmers’ fields show that machinery transplantation reduces seed by 50 % and labour by 22%. The nursery cost for the machinery transplantation is higher compared to traditional transplantation method (by Rs 2330. The other major observations noticed during the validation of technology was, that number of hills per sq.m and tillers in a hill are higher compared to the manual transplantation, resistlodging during heavy floods. The effective tillers in a hill range from 12-15 and also increase the panicle grain number. The yield of rice was found to be higher by 6-7 q/ha compared to the manual transplanting. The total variable cost with the machine transplantation does not show any significant difference with the transplantation method. Government is also promoting machine transplanters through subsidized policy to the farming community. However, relevant capacity building programs on the mat nursery preparation for machine transplanting is lacking.

  4. Has the Rajiv Aarogyasri Community Health Insurance Scheme of Andhra Pradesh Addressed the Educational Divide in Accessing Health Care?

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    Mala Rao

    Full Text Available Equity of access to healthcare remains a major challenge with families continuing to face financial and non-financial barriers to services. Lack of education has been shown to be a key risk factor for 'catastrophic' health expenditure (CHE, in many countries including India. Consequently, ways to address the education divide need to be explored. We aimed to assess whether the innovative state-funded Rajiv Aarogyasri Community Health Insurance Scheme of Andhra Pradesh state launched in 2007, has achieved equity of access to hospital inpatient care among households with varying levels of education.We used the National Sample Survey Organization 2004 survey as our baseline and the same survey design to collect post-intervention data from 8623 households in the state in 2012. Two outcomes, hospitalisation and CHE for inpatient care, were estimated using education as a measure of socio-economic status and transforming levels of education into ridit scores. We derived relative indices of inequality by regressing the outcome measures on education, transformed as a ridit score, using logistic regression models with appropriate weights and accounting for the complex survey design.Between 2004 and 2012, there was a 39% reduction in the likelihood of the most educated person being hospitalised compared to the least educated, with reductions observed in all households as well as those that had used the Aarogyasri. For CHE the inequality disappeared in 2012 in both groups. Sub-group analyses by economic status, social groups and rural-urban residence showed a decrease in relative indices of inequality in most groups. Nevertheless, inequalities in hospitalisation and CHE persisted across most groups.During the time of the Aarogyasri scheme implementation inequalities in access to hospital care were substantially reduced but not eliminated across the education divide. Universal access to education and schemes such as Aarogyasri have the synergistic potential

  5. THE TEMPORAL DYNAMICS OF REGIONAL CITY SIZE DISTRIBUTION: ANDHRA PRADESH (1951-2001

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    G. Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Systems with measurable entities are characterized by certain properties of their size distribution. City Size Distribution (CSD and the underlying city size dynamics have received attention in the urban economic literature in recent years. In this approach we aim at evaluating the temporal dynamics of city size distribution in Andhra Pradesh, an Indian state for the period 1951-2001. The research framework-which is based on a function relating population size to rank-is used to test for the trends of deconcentration cities of population over the study period. The expansion methodology is used to investigate the dynamics of rank size function in temporal dimension. We have studied the threshold size and its influence on temporal trends. The size distribution of cities/towns from one period to another is modeled by way of a Markov Chain. Our findings reveal that all places in the urban system are growing with small towns growing at a faster rate during study period. The largest cities and the smallest towns display higher persistence than the medium sized cities.

  6. Postmenopausal bleeding: clinicopathologic study in a teaching hospital of Andhra Pradesh

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    Kavitha Kothapally

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Postmenopausal bleeding (PMB requires complete assessment in order to ensure the absence of malignancy and to identify and treat high risk patients such as those with endometrial hyperplasia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical significance and endometrial pathology in patients with postmenopausal bleeding. Methods: A retrospective study on postmenopausal women visiting Bhaskar Medical College & general hospital, Yenkapally, Andhra Pradesh between 2009-2011 was undertaken. About 30 patients (aged between 50-60 years with postmenopausal bleeding were selected and these patients were evaluated by curettage, pelvic ultrasound and endometrial histology. Results: The commonest finding of pelvic USG was increased endometrial thickness (>4mm (80%. The histopathological analysis showed proliferate endometrium (36.3%, atrophic endometrium (16.6%, cystoglandular hyperplasia (10% and endometrium hyperplasia (6.6%. Incidence of cervical and endometrial carcinomas was 10% and 6.6%, respectively. Conclusion: the postmenopausal bleeding is an important symptom and requires careful and timely assessment to eliminate the possibility of malignancy as soon as possible. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(3.000: 344-348

  7. Serological evaluation of leptospirosis in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh: A retrospective hospital-based study

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    Velineni S

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease with humans getting the infection either from rodent hosts or from domestic animals. Urine contaminated environment is the common source of infection. This is an under-reported disease in Andhra Pradesh. We report a retrospective hospital-based study on 55 patients with suspected leptospirosis. Methods : A total of 55 serum samples were collected from patients with suspected leptospirosis and subjected to serological testing by LeptoTek Dri-dot, microscopic agglutination test (MAT and IgM enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. Identification of the predominant infecting serotype was done using a panel of 12 serovars. Results: MAT analysis of all the 55 samples identified all cases to be positive. The predominant serogroup was Icterohaemorrhagiae (68% followed by Australis (22%, Autumnalis (8% and Javanica (2%. LeptoTek Dri-dot showed a sensitivity of 96% as compared to MAT. IgM ELISA done on 32 samples showed a sensitivity of 86.7% compared to MAT. Conclusions : MAT helped to identify Icterohemorrhagiae as the predominant serovar in this study. Despite the small number of samples analyzed, the data obtained establishes a need for a prospective study in this region.

  8. CLINICO-EPIDEMIOLOGY AND THERAPEUTIC OUTCOME OF SNAKE BITE IN KONASEEMA REGION OF ANDHRA PRADESH

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    Sai Krishna

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Snake bite is a common and frequently devastating environmental and occupational problem, especially in rural areas of tropical developing countries. Snake bite incidence is high in Andhra Pradesh. With the onset of monsoon the incidence of snake bite used to increase. METHODS Present study is a retrospective study in which all the data of snake bite cases admitted in the Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences was collected in last two years; details of the patient was obtained from bed head ticket. RESULTS In two years of data collection, 46 snake bite cases are found as per our record. Out of 46 patients, twenty seven were male and nineteen were female. Maximum twenty two (22 patients were between ages 20 to 40 years. Out of forty six patients, forty four recovered and only two patients died, cause of death was acute pulmonary oedema with cardiac arrhythmia. DISCUSSION Most of the patients were given ASV (anti-snake venom, out of that only four patients developed reaction to ASV. Most of the patients who have received ASV were recovered. Only two deaths were reported which was due to acute pulmonary oedema with cardiac arrhythmia. CONCLUSION Awareness and education about snake is required.

  9. TO STUDY THE AWARENESS OF HEALTH CARE PERSONNEL INVOLVED IN BIO-MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NEW GOVERNMENT GENERAL HOSPITAL AT VIJAYAWADA, ANDHRA PRADESH

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    Lalith

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The recent developments in healthcare units are precisely made for the prevention and protection of community health. Sophisticated instruments have come into existence in various operations for disease treatment. Such improvement and advances in scientific knowledge has resulted in per capita per patient generation of wastes in health care units. Waste generated in the process of health care are composed of variety of wastes including hypodermic needles, scalpels, blades, surgical cotton, gloves, bandages, discarded medicine, body fluids, human tissues and organs, chemicals etc., other wastes generated in healthcare settings include radioactive wastes, mercury containing instruments, PVC plastics etc., so the awareness of personnel involved in the management of biomedical waste is important. AIM: To assess the waste handling and treatment system of hospital bio-medical solid waste and its mandatory compliance with regulatory notifications for bio-medical waste (BMW management rules 1998, under Environment Protection Act (EPA 1986, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Government of India at Government General Hospital (GGH, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross sectional study was conducted in GGH at Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 75 study subjects selected were personnel involved in management of hospital solid waste observed for one month and frequency tables, percentages, and proportions were used as statistical applications. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Analysis was done using MS – Excel software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Out of gross total quantity of BMW generated in entire GGH, Vijayawada 74% of it is general waste. Knowledge levels regarding storage of BMW was more among class IV employees, were as awareness in differentiation of infectious and non-infectious waste was more among staff nurses.

  10. Prevalence and risk factors for refractive errors in the South Indian adult population: The Andhra Pradesh Eye disease study

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    Sannapaneni Krishnaiah

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Sannapaneni Krishnaiah1,2,3, Marmamula Srinivas1,2,3, Rohit C Khanna1,2, Gullapalli N Rao1,2,31L V Prasad Eye Institute, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, India; 2International Center for Advancement of Rural Eye Care, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, India; 3Vision CRC, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, AustraliaAim: To report the prevalence, risk factors and associated population attributable risk percentage (PAR for refractive errors in the South Indian adult population.Methods: A population-based cross-sectional epidemiologic study was conducted in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. A multistage cluster, systematic, stratified random sampling method was used to obtain participants (n = 10293 for this study.Results: The age-gender-area-adjusted prevalence rates in those ≥40 years of age were determined for myopia (spherical equivalent [SE] < −0.5 D 34.6% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 33.1–36.1, high-myopia (SE < −5.0 D 4.5% (95% CI: 3.8–5.2, hyperopia (SE > +0.5 D 18.4% (95% CI: 17.1–19.7, astigmatism (cylinder < −0.5 D 37.6% (95% CI: 36–39.2, and anisometropia (SE difference between right and left eyes >0.5 D 13.0% (95% CI: 11.9–14.1. The prevalence of myopia, astigmatism, high-myopia, and anisometropia significantly increased with increasing age (all p < 0.0001. There was no gender difference in prevalence rates in any type of refractive error, though women had a significantly higher rate of hyperopia than men (p < 0.0001. Hyperopia was significantly higher among those with a higher educational level (odds ratio [OR] 2.49; 95% CI: 1.51–3.95 and significantly higher among the hypertensive group (OR 1.24; 95% CI: 1.03–1.49. The severity of lens nuclear opacity was positively associated with myopia and negatively associated with hyperopia.Conclusions: The prevalence of myopia in this adult Indian population is much higher than in similarly aged white populations. These results confirm the previously

  11. Geospatial Modelling Approach for Interlinking of Rivers: A Case Study of Vamsadhara and Nagavali River Systems in Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swathi Lakshmi, A.; Saran, S.; Srivastav, S. K.; Krishna Murthy, Y. V. N.

    2014-11-01

    India is prone to several natural disasters such as floods, droughts, cyclones, landslides and earthquakes on account of its geoclimatic conditions. But the most frequent and prominent disasters are floods and droughts. So to reduce the impact of floods and droughts in India, interlinking of rivers is one of the best solutions to transfer the surplus flood waters to deficit/drought prone areas. Geospatial modelling provides a holistic approach to generate probable interlinking routes of rivers based on existing geoinformatics tools and technologies. In the present study, SRTM DEM and AWiFS datasets coupled with land-use/land -cover, geomorphology, soil and interpolated rainfall surface maps have been used to identify the potential routes in geospatial domain for interlinking of Vamsadhara and Nagavali River Systems in Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh. The first order derivatives are derived from DEM and road, railway and drainage networks have been delineated using the satellite data. The inundation map has been prepared using AWiFS derived Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI). The Drought prone areas were delineated on the satellite image as per the records declared by Revenue Department, Srikakulam. Majority Rule Based (MRB) aggregation technique is performed to optimize the resolution of obtained data in order to retain the spatial variability of the classes. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) based Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) is implemented to obtain the prioritization of parameters like geomorphology, soil, DEM, slope, and land use/land-cover. A likelihood grid has been generated and all the thematic layers are overlaid to identify the potential grids for routing optimization. To give a better routing map, impedance map has been generated and several other constraints are considered. The implementation of canal construction needs extra cost in some areas. The developed routing map is published into OGC WMS services using open source Geo

  12. Exploring dynamics of anal sex among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh

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    Saroj Tucker

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The anal sex among heterosexual couples is on the rise as reported in many scientific studies. Considering that unprotected anal sex has higher risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV transmission than the vaginal sex, we undertook a study to understand the anal sex practices among Female Sex Workers (FSW. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted among FSW attending 11 randomly selected sexually transmitted infection (STI clinics in Bill and Melinda Gates supported targeted interventions in Andhra Pradesh. A structured questionnaire was administered to the 555 FSW attending these clinics by project clinic counselors. Informed consent was obtained from all the study participants. Results: Engaging in anal sex was self reported by 22% of sex workers, though demand from clients was reported to be much higher (40%. The reasons for anal sex practices included more money (61%, clout/influence of the client (45%, risk of losing client (27%, and forced sex (1.2%. Factors associated with anal sex were higher number of clients, higher duration of sex work, higher income, and older age group. Associated risks perceived by FSW were bleeding and injury to anal canal (98% while only 28% associated it with higher HIV transmission risk. Reported Condom and lubricant use was about 88% and 39% respectively. Conclusion: The study shows that there is frequent anal sex, inconsistent condom and infrequent lubricant usage, economic and physical coercion, and low awareness of STI/HIV transmission risk among FSW, which have serious implications for HIV prevention programmes. There is a need to focus on anal sex education and use of lubricants along with condoms during anal sex in FSW-targeted interventions in AP.

  13. Problem alcohol drinking in rural women of Telangana region, Andhra Pradesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potukuchi, Padmavathy S.; Rao, Prasada G.

    2010-01-01

    Background: This is the first ever study conducted to assess the prevalence of problem alcohol use in the rural women of Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh. Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of dependence and problem drinking, observe the factors that led to it and to monitor the effect of intervention in the form of psycho-education on their treatment seeking attitude. Materials and Methods: Cases were referred by the registrar from the Medicine Out-Patient Department using a three-item questionnaire for history of alcohol intake. Consecutive consenting female patients fulfilling the inclusion–exclusion criteria formed the sample. ICD-10 criteria and CAGE Questionnaire were used to assess dependence, problem drinking and co-morbid psychiatric illnesses. The socio-demographic data and the details regarding the nature and pattern of drinking and its complications were recorded using a semi-structured proforma. All patients were instructed to report at the end of 1 and 3 weeks for follow-up after a brief psycho-education regarding the problems of alcohol use. Results: Dependence was seen in 4.1% and problem drinking in 1%. Physical complications possibly due to alcohol were seen in 4.1% and psychiatric co-morbidity in 1%. Pregnancy drinking was recorded in 4.4%. Only 0.2% came for follow-up. Conclusion: To conclude, there is a perceptible degree of problematic use of alcohol in the rural women of this region. Yet, none of them were seeking psychiatric help. The soaring number of pregnancy drinking needs further exploration. The poor psychiatric follow-up leads us to conclude that in this sample the perception of alcohol problem is very low. PMID:21267368

  14. Value added products with popular low grade rice varieties of Andhra Pradesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anitha, G; Rajyalakshmi, P

    2014-12-01

    Eight Popular Low Grade Rice Varieties (PLRVs) MTU 3626, MTU 1001, MTU 1010, MTU 4870 and NLR 145, NLR 34242, NLR 30491, NLR 34449, (developed and released by ANGR agricultural University, Andhra Pradesh) having poor cooking quality were selected for the study. ANGRAU variety BPT 5204 popularly consumed as staple rice was used as check. Eight products of traditional/commercial importance were standardized incorporating PLRVs as a major ingredient in the form of rice flour (burfi, noodles and extruded snack product and vennaundalu (butter coated balls), palathalikalu (dough rolled into strips, steamed/cooked in milk); rice semolina (instant kheer mix and instant upma mix), and flaked rice (nutritious bar). The products were evaluated for nutritional, cooking quality characteristics, consumer acceptability and shelf-life. Consumer acceptability of the PLR products was carried out with 60 farm women based on 9 point hedonic scale. Shelf-life of the products (packed in both metalized PP and PE pouches) was evaluated monthly for chemical, microbiological and sensory parameters. Energy values of control and PLR products showed no significant difference. Upon cooking, PLR Noodles showed no significant difference with water absorption and volume but more (p instant kheer mix (92%) and extruded product (88%). As per sensory scores, all the PLR products were well accepted with no observable changes in flavor or taste upon storage. PLR products showed increased (P noodles and highest for burfi (though in safe limits). Extruded snacks (control and PLR) showed no microbial growth during the entire storage period. Considering the poor marketability of PLRVs for consumption as staple rice, the study signifies the utilitarian value of PLRVs in making products of convenience/commercial importance. PMID:25477636

  15. Genetic polymorphism of CYP2D6 in Karnataka and AndhraPradesh population in India%CYP2D6在印度卡纳塔克邦和安得拉邦人群中的遗传多态性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Benny K ABRAHAM, C ADITHAN; P USHA KIRAN; Mohammed ASAD; K KOUMARAVELOU

    2000-01-01

    AIM: To study the prevalence of cytochrome P-450 2D6 (CYP2D6) polymorphism in Karnataka ( KA ) and Andhra Pradesh (AP) population. METHODS: Two hundred and eleven healthy human volunteers participated in the study (100 from KA and 111 from AP). At bed time, after voiding their bladder, the volunteers ingested 30 mg of dextromethorphan hydrobromide (DM). Urine samples were collected for 8 h. DM and its metabolite dextrorphan (DT) were estimated in the urine using HPLC. The metabolic ratio (DM/DT) was used for phenotyping. RESULTS: The prevalence of poor metabolisers (PM) in KA is 4 % and AP is 1.8 %.CONCLUSION: The frequency of PM phenotype in South Indian population is in between the Western and Oriental population.

  16. Delineation of structures favourable to groundwater occurrence employing seismic refraction method — A case study from Tiruvuru, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    N Sundararajan; Y Srinivas; M Narasimha Chary; G Nandakumar; A Hanmantha Chary

    2004-09-01

    The contacts associated with an outlier in biotite gneiss and sandstones near Tiruvuru, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh which are generally favourable for groundwater occurrence were investigated employing refraction seismic method. Results were examined by correlating the signals with local geology, bore well data and other available information in order to improve the reliability of interpretation.

  17. STUDY ON STRESS AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF A MEDICAL COLLEGE IN COASTAL ANDHRA PRADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sai Shankar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Stress is a part of everyone’s life. It is normal f or everybody to experience stress to some extent, but too much stres s may be harmful. Attending college is a rewarding experience but it also can be a time of co nsiderable anxiety and stress for students. Students are subjected to different kinds of experie nces which make them vulnerable to undergo a lot of stress. Of late, there is a growin g appreciation of stress in medical professionals including medical students, who have very busy and demanding schedule. Sources of stress are classified into two main groups – academic pressures and non-academic sources including financial problems. There are different coping stra tegies used by students to manage stress. It is important to understand these strategies and encour age the healthy strategies and discourage the others which are potentially harmful. AIM: to determine the sources of stress in undergraduate medical students and the coping strate gies used by these students in managing their stress. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: An institutional cross sectional study among undergraduate students of a medical college in coas tal Andhra Pradesh. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After the study protocol was given clearance by the Institution Ethics Committee, consent was taken from the undergraduate medical st udents of Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Foundation, Amalapuram, and a predesigned and pretested questionnaire was given which captured information r elated to basic demographic details followed by questions related to stress and its sou rces and also the coping strategies used by these students to manage stress. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The data collected was entered into Microsoft Excel and analyzed using Epi Info 6 softwa re. Chi Square test was done wherever applicable. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Total 431 out of 550 medical students (78.4 percent participated in the study. There were 261 females and 170 males.

  18. HYDROGEOLOGICAL VARIATIONS OF GROUND WATER IN DIFFERENT GEOMARPHIC UNITS OF KRISHNA EASTERN DELTA, ANDHRA PRADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SITARAMA PRASAD KUDARAVALLI,

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The Krishna Eastern delta is located South of Vijayawada City in Andhra Pradesh. The area of the Krishna Eastern delta enclosed between Latitude 15042’N – 16042’ N and Longitude 80042’ E – 81036’ E. The present study is done on Krishna Eastern delta separately because the physiographic and lithological configuration of this part of the delta varies widely with that of the Western part. Moreover, the aquifer of this region has unique hydrochemical characteristics. In recent years the ground water in this region has been subjected to intensive exploitation for both irrigation and domestic purposes and accordingly high seasonal hydrochemical modulations were noticed in this part of the delta region. Kulakarni KM et.al. (1998 have studied drinking water salinity problem in Coastal Orissa. In this context a detailed study has been made to update the hydrogeochemical information of the aquifer system of this region. In addition to the earlier works carried out by Nageswara Rao, K. et.al. in the year 1979 and 1985. The details viz., land form locations in the delta region were taken from the study. The seasonal variation of groundwater quality in different geological units in Krishna Eastern Delta has been subjected to study by collecting water samples in different open wells in the study area and subjecting them to detailed chemical analysis. This data has been utilized to draw contour diagrams of different water quality parameters for different seasons. The present study is an attempt to visualize the spatial water quality variations in different geomorphic units present in the deltaic environment. The chemical parameter of Electrical Conductivity was taken as the prime parameter to focus the seasonal spatial variations of different geomorphic forms and the data was used to draw contours for different seasons. The detailed studies of Ground Water Department, District Office were also studied in many unpublished reports for understanding

  19. Rare-earth-element geochemistry of placer monazites from Kalingapatnam Coast, Srikakulam District, Andhra Pradesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Monazite, a rare earth and thorium phosphate with colour varying from colourless to different shades of yellow, green and brown, is one of the major components (0.02 to 2.93%) in the heavy mineral sands of Kalingapatnam coast of Andhra Pradesh. Subtle but significant variation in colour, shape, size, intensity of micro-fractures and radiation cracks besides provenance rocks warranted (1) detail mineral chemistry at micro-domain level involving multi-elemental qualitative and quantitative analyses, (2) geo-chemical evaluation and interpretations of micro-domain chemistry data using bi-variate (LREE, REE and REE+Y vs. Th+Ca; P+LREE, P+REE and P+LREE+Y vs. Th+Si) and ternary (LREE, Th, Ca and P; REE, Th, Ca and P) plots and (3) regression statistics, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and R-mode Factor Analysis (RFA) aiding principal substitutions amongst major and minor elements at structural level in representative grains of different monazites. The electron microprobe analysis data exhibit wide variation in constituent elements and compositional heterogeneity in monazite grains, especially in RE2O3 (45.40 to 63.53%), ThO2 (5.69 to 23.17%) and UO2 (0.00 to 2.07%) indicating their derivation from different rocks occurring in the hinterland comprising khondalites, granite gneisses and charnockites. Two types of detrital monazites identified with different REE distribution pattern are of much significance and significant correlation was observed amongst constituent major and minor elements. Evaluation of mineral chemistry data on such monazites using graphical and multi-variate statistical techniques reveal that thorium is accommodated in its structure by charge-coupled substitution as depicted by equation viz. Th4+ + Ca2+ = 2REE3+ and Th4++ Si4+ = P5+ + REE3+. Th and Ca content of monazite grains are correlated inversely with light REE and positively with HREE and Y besides their minor enrichment. (author)

  20. ASSESSMENT OF GROUND WATER QUALITY IN MUKKAM, CHEPALAKANCHERU AND DALLIPETA: COASTAL VILLAGES OF VIZIANAGARAM DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Ram Reddy

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The present work was under taken to analyze the various water quality parameters, viz. pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, total alkalinity, total hardness, chloride, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium and to assess the water quality in bore well and well water samples of three coastal villages Mukkam, Chepalakancheru and Dallipeta of Vizianagaram district of Andhra Pradesh. From each of the village, different sampling stations were identified and by composite sampling methods water samples were collected and analyzed for the various parameters. The results were compared with the values stipulated by World Health Organization (WHO, and ARE: 10500 for drinking water quality. In the present investigation the authors found that the overall quality of the three villages is poor and not recommended as potable.

  1. Nearshore processes along Tikkavanipalem Beach, Visakhapatnam, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    SanilKumar, V.; AshokKumar, K.; Raju, N.S.N.

    Directional wave data collected at 12 m water depth, at 1 km distance off Tikkavanipalem, Andhra Pradesh, India from December 1997 to November 1998, was used to estimate the longshore currents and longshore sediment transport rate considering...

  2. Application of instrumental neutron activation analysis for chemical composition analysis of ancient potteries from buddhist sites of Andhra Pradesh. Part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) using high resolution γ-ray spectrometry was used to determine concentrations of 20 elements in seven clay pottery samples collected from excavated Buddhist sites of four districts of Andhra Pradesh, India. For determining accuracy of the INAA method, two certified reference materials (CRMs) namely SL-1 and Soil-7 obtained from IAEA were analyzed. For establishing the provenance (same or different origin) of pottery samples, Al to Sc concentration ratio as well as statistical cluster analysis was used. For the cluster analysis, concentration values of selected nine elements namely Sc, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Rb, Cs, Ba, and Hf were used. Soil samples from corresponding sites with known origin were analyzed for the validation of provenance methodology adopted in this study. From these analyses, it was observed that both pottery and soil samples under study belong to four different groups. To the best of our knowledge, the provenance studies of these ancient pottery samples are reported for the first time. (author)

  3. Isolation and Identification of Specific Pathogens, Presence of Antibiotics, Aflatoxins, Pesticide Residues and Industrial Contaminants in Supply Chain of Milk in Selected Coastal Districts of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Appalanaidu Kalla; Sunitha Raju Kutcharlapati; Sai Bramari Gannavarapu; Anitha Layam

    2015-01-01

    A research study was undertaken to carry out isolation and identification of specific pathogens, presence of antibiotics, aflatoxins, pesticide residues and industrial contaminants in supply chain of milk in selected coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh. The milk is a whole food; it is categorized under perishable foods as it is biologically nutrient liquid that supports the growth of wide variety of microorganisms and is susceptible to spoilage. The quality of milk can be affected by the pres...

  4. Baseline survey on air, water, soil quality, radioactivity and aquatic biota in and around the project site on new uranium mining site, Tummalapalle, Andhra Pradesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study four ecological parameters of the environment ie. water, air, soil and biota were monitored at the new uranium mining site of Tummalapalle, Andhra Pradesh. The water quality was assessed by estimating trace metals, natural uranium, physical and chemical parameters. Air quality was assessed through PM10, TSP, PM2.5, SOx and NOx parameters. Soil samples were analysed for trace metals, metal oxides and natural radionuclides. Similarly biota samples were analysed for trace metals and radionuclides

  5. Socio-economic position and cardiovascular risk in rural indian adolescents: evidence from the Andhra Pradesh children and parents study (APCAPS)

    OpenAIRE

    Kinra, S.; Johnson, M; Kulkarni, B; Rameshwar Sarma, K.V.; Ben-Shlomo, Y.; Smith, G.D.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives This study examined association between socio-economic position and cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents to investigate whether childhood socio-economic position is a risk factor for future cardiovascular disease, independently of adult behaviours. Study design and methods Participants (n = 1128, 46% girls, aged 13–18 years) were members of a birth cohort (Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study or APCAPS) established to investigate long-term effects of a pregnancy and chil...

  6. Eddy diffusion coefficients in the coastal waters of north Andhra Pradesh and Orissa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sadhuram, Y.; Murty, T.V.R.; Rao, B.P.; Sarma, V.V.

    during the period 1997 and 2002 to estimate kx, ky, kz at three areas( I - Mutyalammapalem-Appikonda; II - Bhimili-Annavaram; III - off Mentada) for north Andhra Coast (Fig.l). RCM-7 Current Meter (make : Aanderaa Instruments, Norway) and SBE 19...

  7. Measurements of sea level off Tikkavanipalem - Coast India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Joseph, A.; Desai, R.G.P.; Peshwe, V.B.; Desa, E.; VijayKumar, K.; Desa, E.S.; Mehra, P.; Nagvekar, S.

    Sea level and meteorological measurements have been made, off Tikkavanipalem coast in Andhra Pradesh, India in 1997-98. Sea level measurements were made in four temporal segments of one-month duration each during a one-year period...

  8. Herpetofauna of Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Abhijit Das; Dhruvajyoti Basu; Laurel Converse; Su-resh C Choudhury

    2012-01-01

    A herpetofaunal inventory based on field surveys, literature records and photographic records is presented for Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and its environs, situated in the Terai region of Uttar Pradesh, India. We list a total of 10 species of amphibians and 42 species of reptiles from the area. Compiled observations presented here include biological notes on the Critically Endangered Gavialis gangeticus and new locality records and natural history information of poorly known species in...

  9. Detection of Avibacterium paragallinarum by Polymerase chain reaction from outbreaks of Infectious coryza of poultry in Andhra Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. M. Nabeel Muhammad

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study was carried out for the detection of Avibacterium paragallinarum from outbreaks of infectious coryza of poultry Materials and Methods: The polymerase chain reaction (PCR was standardized for the diagnosis of infectious coryza by using infectious coryza Killed vaccine, ventri biologicals, Pune as source of DNA of A. paragallinarum. Five outbreaks of infectious coryza from Andhra Pradesh were investigated in the present study. A total of 56 infra orbital sinus swabs and 22 nasal swabs were tested by PCR. Results: PCR analysis showed 56 positives (71.7% for infectious coryza out of total 78 samples tested. Of 56 infra orbital sinus swabs tested, 47 were positive (83.9% and 9 nasal swabs (40.9% out of 22 tested had given positive results for infectious coryza. Samples collected from birds at acute stage of disease and samples collected before treatment with antibiotics were given better results on PCR. Conclusion: For preventing the economic losses associated with the disease, an early, accurate and rapid diagnosis is essential. PCR is a rapid and highly sensitive diagnostic technique which can substitute conventional cultural examination.

  10. Study on the availability of physical infrastructure and manpower facilities in sub-centers of Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Bayapa Reddy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The sub-centers (SCs are under constant criticism for their inability to deliver quality services due to the nonavailability of adequate infrastructure, manpower and supply of drugs.A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh to assess the availability of physical infrastructure and manpower in the SCs. A total of 34 SCs were selected by multistage and stratified random sampling technique. The data was statistically analyzed by using Microsoft Excel. The deficiency in the availability of health workers male and female were found to be 67.7% and 27.5%, respectively. The residential facility for health workers was available only in 26.4% SCs. Only 20.6% of SCs had stethoscope and B.P apparatus. The physical infrastructure and manpower availability at the SCs needs considerable improvement as per the Indian Public Health Standard (IPHS. Facilities to conduct the normal delivery and 24-hours emergency referral services need to be addressed at the earliest.

  11. INCIDENCE, RISK FACTORS AND COMPLICATIONS OF ACUTE PERFORATED AND NON - PERFORATED APPENDICITIS IN A RURAL SETUP OF ANDHRA PRADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Kumar

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Appendicitis is one of the most common surgical emergencies. The incidence of appendicitis and chances of complication in the form of perforation are dependent on both the patients and non - patient factors . There are various studies conducted to address this problem, but there are no studies conducted to look in to the incidence of appendicitis in east Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh. Our study was aimed to bridge thi s gap. METHOD S AND MATERIALS: this was a retrospective study, patient data from 2009 - 2014 was analyzed and the age, distance from hospital, educational and socioeconomic background of the patients was collected. The duration between first appearance of sy mptoms and hospitalization was recorded. The incidence of post - op complication was also recorded. RESULTS: T he incidence of perforation was 15% in our study population, most of the patients were from low socioeconomic group and having income less than 5000 /month. The middle age group between 30 - 40 years was commonly affected by the appendicitis. The time laps between appearance of symptoms and hospitalization was found to be a predominant factor in the perforation. Surgical site infection was most common co mplication in the patients treated. CONCLUSION: T he incidence of perforation is still high and the time laps between first appearance of symptoms and hospitalization is a major determinant of perforation or complication in the appendicitis.

  12. Economic Analysis of MGNREGA in the Drought–prone States of Karnataka, Rajasthan and Irrigation–dominated State of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Murthy, P.S. Srikantha; Indumati, S.

    2011-01-01

    Using macro level data on MGNREGA performance in drought-prone states of Karnataka and Rajasthan as well as in irrigation-dominated state of Andhra Pradesh, this study has revealed that the impact of MGNREGA wage on the economic scarcity of labour is relatively modest when compared with the impact of hike in non-farm wages. Even though the provision of food security through public distribution system has contributed to the economic scarcity of labour, the relative hike in non-farm wages is co...

  13. Estimation of Efficiency, Sustainability and Constraints in SRI (System of Rice Intensification) vis-a-vis Traditional Methods of Paddy Cultivation in North Coastal Zone of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Rao, I.V.Y. Rama

    2011-01-01

    The study has assessed the economics and sustainability of SRI (system of rice intensification) and traditional methods of paddy cultivation in North Coastal Zone of Andhra Pradesh for the period 2008-09, based on the data of costs and returns of crop. Apart from budgeting techniques, benefit-cost ratio (BCR), yield gap analysis, sustainability index and response priority index have been employed in the study. It has shown that BCR is higher for SRI (1.76) than traditional (1.25) methods. Fur...

  14. Moth diversity of Tawang District, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Chandra, K; S. Sambath

    2013-01-01

    This paper documents results of an expedition to Tawang district (Arunachal Pradesh) by the Zoological Survey of India, during the period 27th September 2009 to 15th October 2009. Field camps were established at two places i.e. Lumla and Zemmethang. From these two camps, collections of moths were made at various localities by installing light traps. During the survey, more than 250 morpho-species were collected, of which 102 species pertaining to 15 families were identified. The analysis of t...

  15. Seasonal prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in desi fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus) in and around Gannavaram, Andhra Pradesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sreedevi, C; Jyothisree, Ch; Rama Devi, V; Annapurna, P; Jeyabal, L

    2016-09-01

    A study was carried out to know the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in desi fowl in and nearby villages of Gannavaram, Andhra Pradesh for a period of 1 year. Screening of 492 samples comprising faecal samples and gastrointestinal tracts from freshly slaughtered desi birds at local poultry shops and samples from post mortem examinations at NTR College of Veterinary Science, Gannavaram revealed 63.21 % of gastrointestinal parasites. Faecal samples were examined by floatation technique using salt solution and samples positive for coccidian oocysts were sporulated in 2.5 % potassium dichromate solution for species identification. Adult worms were identified after routine processing and mounting. The species identified includes Davainea proglottina, Raillietina cesticillus and Raillietina echinobothrida in cestodes (32.47 %), Ascaridia galli, Capillaria annulata, Heterakis gallinarum in nematodes (39.87 %), Eimeria tenella, Eimeria acervulina and Eimeria necatrix in Eimeria spp. (39.87 %). Ascaridia galli and R. cesticillus and A. galli and Eimeria spp. were common in mixed infection (12.86 %). Ascaridia galli was the more prevalent species. No trematode parasite was identified during the study period. Significant (p = 0.001) relationship between the seasonality and prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites was observed (χ2 = 17.46, df = 2). Data revealed high prevalence in rainy season (43.41 %) followed by summer (38.91 %) and winter (17.68 %) seasons for all parasites except for A. galli and C. annulata infections which were higher in summer season. Results indicated high prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in desi fowl in study area emphasizing the need of improved management practices of backyard poultry. PMID:27605762

  16. STUDY ON AWARENESS AND EXPERIENCE OF SLEEP AND SLEEP-RELATED DISORDERS AMONG UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS OF COASTAL ANDHRA PRADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sai Shankar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Sleep is an active, cyclic biological phenomenon ne cessary for survival. Sleep determines cognitive functioning, le arning and attention, and also affects growth, behavior, and development. Sleep disorders are very c ommon and are important unmet public health problems. Sleep medicine has not been emphasize d in medical schools. Studies on awareness and sleep-related experiences in medical students are very limited and lacking. AIMS: To determine the awareness and experience of underg raduate medical students on sleep and sleep-related disorders. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: An institutional cross sectional study among undergraduate students of a medical college i n coastal Andhra Pradesh. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After the study protocol was given clearance by the Institution Ethics Committee, consent was taken from the undergraduate medical st udents of Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Foundation, Amalapuram, and a predesigned and pretested questionnaire was given which captured information r elated to basic demographic details followed by questions related to awareness and exper ience related to sleep and sleep disorders. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The data collected was entered into Microsoft Exce l and analyzed using Epi Info 6 software. Chi Square test was done wherever applicable. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Total 432 out of 550 medical students (78.6 percent participated in the study. There were 261 females and 171 males. Medical Stude nts have suboptimal knowledge and even misconceptions regarding sleep – particularly sleep hyg iene, sleep duration, sleep- related pharmacology and factors affecting sleep. Sleep-relat ed problems are also very common in them. There is a need to emphasize sleep medicine in the curriculum of undergraduates and develop educational strategies to bridge the knowled ge gap. The medical students need to know not only how to help others with sleep disorders, but also how to deal with

  17. Scaling Up Rural Sanitation : Findings from the Impact Evaluation Baseline Survey in Madhya Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Salvatore, Alicia L.; Patil, Sumeet R.

    2011-01-01

    In India, Water and Sanitation Program's (WSP's) global scaling up rural sanitation program is supporting the Government of India's (GoI) Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in two states: Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. TSC is an ambitious countrywide, scaled-up rural sanitation program launched by the GoI in 1999, which seeks to attain an Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2012. In con...

  18. A Social Development Saga : India Uttar Pradesh Basic Education and India District Primary Education Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Kuehnast, Kathleen

    2001-01-01

    The Uttar Pradesh (UP) Basic Education Pilot Project and the national India District Primary Education Project exemplify good social development practices. The pilot project in UP to assist girls to achieve better education proved so successful that it was scaled up to a national project. The guiding principle of both projects is to improve education by building capacity at the community l...

  19. EVALUATION OF MASS DRUG ADMINISTRATION FOR ELIMINATION OF LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS IN GUNTUR DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH

    OpenAIRE

    Purnamma; Neelima,

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND : Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) is a serious Socio Economic and Public Health problem in the world. In India, it is estimated that 554.2 million populations are at risk of Lymphatic Filariasis infection, in 243 implementation units (Districts). National Health Policy, 2002 aims at elimination of transmission and prevention of disability ...

  20. "Corporate Governance and Ethical Issues in Microfinance Institutions (MFIs)- A study of Microfinance Crises in Andhra Praesh, India "

    OpenAIRE

    Tadele, Haileslasie; Rao, P. Madhu Sudana

    2014-01-01

    Absence of formal employment make the poor non bankable. This forces them to borrow from local money lenders at exorbitant rates of interest. The main aim of Microfinance institutions (MFIs) is to serve the poor through providing financial services such as giving loans, provision of insurance coverage and a channel for their savings. Ethical behavior in business practices determines success or failure of an organization and it is not an exception to MFIs. The crisis happened in Andhra Pradesh...

  1. Is the Association between Vitamin D and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Confounded by Obesity? Evidence from the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study (APCAPS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Paul Baker

    Full Text Available Evidence of an association between serum vitamin D and cardiovascular disease risk is inconsistent and comes predominantly from studies in high-income settings. We assessed the association between serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OHD and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a population of young Indian adults.Cross-sectional analyses of data from APCAPS (Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study; a prospective birth cohort study in rural south India. Participants were 1038 (40.3% females adults aged 18-24 years. Main outcome measures were blood pressures, fasting serum lipids (cholesterols and triglycerides, fasting glucose, insulin, measures of arterial stiffness (aortic augmentation index and aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV, carotid intima-media thickness, body mass index (BMI and body fat (dual X-ray absorptiometry.Vitamin D deficiency (≤20ng/ml was observed in 41.1% of this lean (mean BMI: 19.5 and active (mean minutes of moderate or vigorous physical activity per day: 186 population. Vitamin D deficiency was associated with higher median body fat in both males (15.9% body fat in vitamin D deficient males vs. 14.6% in non-deficient males, p<0.05 and females (29.1% body fat in vitamin D deficient females vs. 27.8% in non-deficient females, p<0.05 but no associations were observed between vitamin D deficiency and mean BMI or median fat mass index (FMI. Except a weak inverse association with fasting insulin in males, there was no clear association between serum vitamin D levels and cardiovascular disease risk factors in fully adjusted models.We did not find clear evidence for an association between serum vitamin D levels and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Our results, consistent with the limited evidence from randomised trials of vitamin D supplementation and Mendelian randomisation experiments, suggest that the postulated link between serum vitamin D and cardiovascular disease may be non-causal. Instead, it may be

  2. An outbreak of cutaneous anthrax in a non-endemic district - Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Mohanraj Promila; Gopal K; Kumar Hari Kishan; Lalitha M; Rao P; Rao G; Padmaja Jyothi

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Anthrax is a disease of herbivorous animals, and humans incidentally acquire the disease by handling infected dead animals and their products. Sporadic cases of human anthrax have been reported from Southern India. METHODS: Five tribal men presented with painless ulcers with vesiculation and edema of the surrounding skin on the extremities without any constitutional symptoms. There was a history of slaughtering and consumption of a dead goat ten days prior to the development of sk...

  3. Data Informed Platform for Health Feasibility Study Report, Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Schellenberg, JA; Gautham, M; Avan, BI

    2012-01-01

    The implementation of a new tool, the Data Informed Platform for Health, could be feasible in Uttar Pradesh, India, according to a new report published by IDEAS today. The report describes the findings of a feasibility study undertaken in Uttar Pradesh, India. The Data Informed Platform for Health (DIPH) is a framework to guide coordination, bringing together key data from public and private health sectors on inputs and processes that could influence maternal and newborn health. The key data ...

  4. Medicinal Plants In Traditional Use At Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nungki Perme

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In rural world, the use of medicinal plants in healthcare system is an integral source of easily available remedy. This study was conducted on herbal preparations of different plant parts used by the tribal people of Arunachal Pradesh for controlling the diseases. The villages like Yekar, Dulom, Sippi, Soki, lamdik in Upper Subansiri District, Ngopok, Passighat, in East Siang Distrivt, East Kameng District, West Kameng District, Lower Subansiri District of Arunachal Pradesh, India were surveyed through personal interviews with the villagers and medicine men and assistance of local information.  We recorded the traditional use of 101 medicinal plants species belonging to 50 taxonomic plant families used for treating a total of 156 different diseases/ailments. The informant consensus factor (ICF values demonstrated that local people tend to agree more with each other in terms of the plants used to treat malaria (0.71, jaundice (0.62, urological problems (0.56, dermatological disorders (0.45, pain (0.30, and respiratory disorder (0.33, and while the general health (0.15 and gastro-intestinal disorders category (0.28 were found low ICF values. The highest number of medicinal plants (101 species was reported from the Adi of Lower Dibang Valley followed by the Nocte of the Tirap (25 species and the Nyishi ethnic groups of Papum Pare districts (13 species.

  5. X-ray diffraction and geochemical studies on uranium minerals from Jogipalle Pegmatite, Nellore Schist Belt, Andhra Pradesh: paragenetic implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The uranium ore sample used in this study occurs as hand - pickable lumps and grains in the Jogipalle pegmatite, Nellore Schist Belt, Andhra Pradesh. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies on separated uranium minerals (UMs) have revealed the presence of both primary (uraninite) and secondary (ianthinite, clarkeite, curite and â- uranophane) uranium minerals, which are mostly characterised by their sharply-defined reflections. The crystallographic parameters of various UMs are: Uruniuite-1 and 2 unit cell dimension (a0) =5.4758 and 5.4422 Å and unit cell volume (V) = 164.08 and 161.18 Å3; clarkeite a0=3.9473 Å, b0=3.9473 Å, c0 =17.6835 Å, α =β =900, γ=1200, V=238.628 Å3I:curite a0=12.6292 Å, b0 =13.2035 Å, c0=8.3646 Å, V = 1394.81 Å3; and β-uranophane a0= 13.9481Å, bo=15.4688 Å. C0 =6.6362 Å, α =γ =9090, β =91.30, V =1430.90 Å3. Out of two, one uraninite has ao of 5.4758 Å, which is more than the value given for the uraninite standard (5.4645 Å), suggesting its anomalous nature and formation of uraninite (primary) under high temperature condition (∼500-550℃). In contrast, another uraninite has a0=5.4422 Å, reflecting its oxidized nature. It, thus, suggests that after their formation, the uraninites have been subjected to oxidation leading to the formation of secondary uranium minerals (SUMs) with a relict core of black mineral (uraninite) encircled by successive zones of SUMs, namely. black (ianthinite, in traces), orange (clarkeite-curite) and yellow (β - uranophane). Based on available mineralogical data, the inferred paragenetic sequence of the investigated uranium minerals is: Uranium oxide (primary uraninite) > uranium oxide (altered uraninite) > uraniumoxide hydrate (ianthinite) > sodium-potassium uranium oxide (clarkeite) - lead-uraniumoxide hydrate (curite) > calcium uranyl silicate hydroxide hydrate ((β -uranophane). Uraninite-I contains high U3O8,(74.25%), ThO2 (7.96%), PbO (7.73%) and rare earth elements (16214 ppm

  6. A STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF REFRACTIVE ERRORS AMONG 5-16 YEARS RURAL CHILDREN IN CHANDRAGIRI, CHITTOOR DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH

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    Krishna Murthy

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Uncorrected refractive errors are a major cause of low vision and even blindness. The refractive errors can be easily diagnosed and corrected by effective screening programmes. The uncorrected refractive errors in children have a definite impact in adversely affecting the learning capacity and scholastic performance. MATERIAL & METHODS: This Cross sectional was conducted from July to December 2013 among 1412 children aged 5-16 years residing in Chandragiri rural area, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh. Visual acuity was assessed using Snellen’s chart under standard illumination while detailed eye examination among the suspected cases was done by an ophthalmologist including detailed anterior segment evaluation, ocular motility, radioscopy and auto refraction under 2% homatropine cycloplegic refraction. RESULTS: The prevalence of refractive errors was found to be 7.4% among the study children (out of which 6.1% undiagnosed. Simple myopia was found in 2.4% children while astigmatism (both simple and compound combined was found in around 2.7% children. It was found that the proportion of myopia increased with age being lowest in 5-7 years (0.0% and highest in 14-16 age group (4.0%. The proportion of astigmatism also was found to be lowest in 5-7 age group (0.0% and higher in 11-13 age group and 14-16 age group (4.0% each However, the differences were not statistically significant (P=0.32; NS. The prevalence of myopia was found to be slightly higher in males (2.7% than in females (2.1% while that of astigmatism was found to be higher in females (3.1% than in males (2.3%. However the differences were not statistically significant (P=0.43; NS. A similar prevalence of refractive errors was found in Bangalore and New Delhi while lower and higher prevalence was reported elsewhere. Myopia and astigmatism are the common disorders in several Indian studies including the present study while African studies found myopia to be less common

  7. IDENTIFYING THE ROTATIONAL AXES OF DISTAL FEMUR IN SOUTH ANDHRA POPULATION OF INDIA USING IMAGE TOOL SOFTWARE

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    Sharmila Bhanu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM : To study the normal relationship of the anteroposterior (APA, transepicondylar (TEA and posterior condylar (PCA axis of normal cadaveric femoral bones using digital technology and special computer program. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study comprised of 196 dry adult femora from 98 right and 98 left sides irrespective of sex and age b elonging to Andhra Pradesh population of India. The bone collections were obtained from the Anatomy department, Narayana medical college, Nellore, India. The femurs were kept in normal anatomical position on OB. The photographs were taken from the distal e nd of all the femurs placing the camera lens 10cm constantly away from it with a digital camera. Using the reference points, angle between APA - TEA, APA - PCA and TEA - PCA were identified. The statistical significance of difference between the right and left g roups was evaluated by using Student paired t - test. Data were presented as mean±SD. P - value less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS : The relationship of the angle between the APA - TEA, APA - PCA and TEA - PCA were observed. The angle o f AP - TE, AP - PC and TE - PC was 94.84±3.43°, 87.64±1.62° and 6.84±2.71° respectively on right side. On the left side, the angle of AP - TE, AP - PC and TE - PC was 92.36±4.06°, 93.61±2.54° and 3.19±0.99° respectively. CONCLUSION: The normal femoral rotational alignment from cadaveric bone study using computer aided software can be helpful to the surgeon in selecting appropriate reference axis in any particular knee surgeries. In this regard the present data can be taken into consi deration for the femoral rotational alignment during any intraoperative surgeries of knee and in total knee arthroplasty

  8. Herpetofauna of Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India

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    Abhijit Das

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A herpetofaunal inventory based on field surveys, literature records and photographic records is presented for Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and its environs, situated in the Terai region of Uttar Pradesh, India. We list a total of 10 species of amphibians and 42 species of reptiles from the area. Compiled observations presented here include biological notes on the Critically Endangered Gavialis gangeticus and new locality records and natural history information of poorly known species including Polypedates taeniatus and Sibynophis sagittarius. Besides recording members of currently recognized species complexes, the study also documents species that were either conferred to closely related species (e.g., Fejervarya cf. teraiensis or their identity remains to be ascertained (e.g., Kaloula sp.. The present study indicates that species count at Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary is likely to increase with additional surveys and systematic work.

  9. Moth diversity of Tawang District, Arunachal Pradesh, India

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    K. Chandra

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper documents results of an expedition to Tawang district (Arunachal Pradesh by the Zoological Survey of India, during the period 27th September 2009 to 15th October 2009. Field camps were established at two places i.e. Lumla and Zemmethang. From these two camps, collections of moths were made at various localities by installing light traps. During the survey, more than 250 morpho-species were collected, of which 102 species pertaining to 15 families were identified. The analysis of the fauna revealed that the moth fauna of the area is dominated by the family Geometridae, followed by Arctiidae, Drepanidae, Crambidae, Lymantriidae, Noctuidae, Uraniidae, Lasiocampidae, Sphingidae, Pyralidae, Zygaenidae, Bombycidae, Saturniidae, Pantheidae and Notodontidae.

  10. Spatial distribution of gamma radiation exposure levels in twin cities Hyderabad and Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents spatial distribution of total external radiation field from the ionizing radiation in Twin cities. The external radiation field in environment of twin city is carried out by instantaneous and integrated measurement methods. Instantaneous radiation levels were monitored using radiation survey meter (Nucleonix UR705) and Indian Environmental Radiation Monitoring Network (IERMON) based on continuous radiation monitors stationed at various locations. Detectors of IERMON system are located on roof top of buildings at some places. Integrated monitoring was done by deploying environmental TLDs at various locations in twin city on quarterly basis. The mean external fields were observed to be 120-325 nGy/hr for twin city of Hyderabad which is higher than world average. The study will help to generate the baseline data for assessing external dose to public and geological mapping of natural radiation in India

  11. Uranium mineralization in the Mesoproterozoic Banganapalle formation near Nagayapalle, Cuddapah Basin, Andhra Pradesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cuddapah Basin is the hub of uranium exploration for years together in India. Initial efforts were for quartz-pebble-conglomerate type mineralization. However, the emphasis later shifted towards dolostone-hosted mineralization and finally to unconformity-associated uranium mineralization. The recent finding of uranium mineralization associated with the Banganapalle Formation near Nagayapalle is the outcome of continuous exploration input in the Cuddapah Basin over years. Uranium mineralization (up to 0.278% U3O8) associated with the Mesoproterozoic Banganapalle Formation near Nagayapalle is represented by pitchblende and autunite. Pitchblende occurs as tiny grains in the intergranular spaces and along grain boundaries; and also at places replaces pyrite and covellite grains. The geological set-up indicates that the geodomain is favourable for uranium mineralization. (author)

  12. Pollution Prevention study using Remote Sensing and GIS: A model study from visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh

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    Ss. Asadi ,

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The present Studies Involves to develop a base line data and existing environmental conditions to the GIS database to holistically assess and manage environmental and non-environmental resources used byIndustrial investors and other land and water users. The implementation of the Geographical Information System (GIS will bring positive benefits through the generation of information and creation of digital databases with information on Air, Water Quality, Health and Hygiene and streamlines the decision making process. IRSP6,LISS-IV geo coded Remote sensing Satellite data and top sheets from Survey of India (SOI are acquired for primary analysis. The present study has been carried out in nine (9 mandals namely Nakkapalli ,Elamanchilli,S. Rayavaram, Achchutapuram, Rambilli, Anakapalle, Munagapaka, Kasimkota, Paravada of Visakhapatnam District, covering an area of 1355 Sq.km. The study area is located between north latitudes 17° 19’ and 17° 46’”and east longitudes 82°35’ and 83°10’ and is covered in the survey of India topographical map numbers56H65 K/10,11,13,14,15M 65 O/1 and 2. Using Visual Interpretation technique different thematic maps are prepared like land use/land cover, base map, village information, drainage maps These thematic maps were scanned and digitized using AutoCAD and converted into GIS. Topology is created by linking the spatial data file and attribute data file. GIS overlay analysis derived maps like surface water Table, surface water use, surface water quality, was carried out to find out the above parameters pollution lodes in the study area, Finally integrating of the all the above maps sensitive zone maps has developed. This kind of studies is very useful for Pollution Prevention in industrial areas and also useful for the planners decision makers for management and monitoring of industrial areas.

  13. EVALUATION OF MASS DRUG ADMINISTRATION FOR ELIMINATION OF LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS IN GUNTUR DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH

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    Purnamma

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Lymphatic Filariasis (LF is a serious Socio Economic and Public Health problem in the world. In India, it is estimated that 554.2 million populations are at risk of Lymphatic Filariasis infection, in 243 implementation units (Districts. National Health Policy, 2002 aims at elimination of transmission and prevention of disability due to Lymphatic Filariasis (LF by the year 2015. mass drug administration (MDA against filariasis with Diethylcarbamazine (DEC combined with Albendazole (ABZto all people excluding children <2yrs, pregnant women and seriously ill persons in endemic areas once in a year. OBJECTIVE: To assess : (i The filariasis knowledge in the community, (ii To assess the coverage and compliance of MDA from the community perspective in the Guntur District. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross - sectional population based house to house visit. Setting : Both rural and urban areas of Guntur district outcome – Actual coverage, compliance and side effects. RESULTS: Twelve clusters, Total eligible population of 1820 were interviewed. The coverage rate was 94.6% with variation across different areas. CONCLUSION : The compliance of drug ingestion was 94.6% the side effects of DEC were minimum. The overall coverage was better in rural areas compared to urban areas.

  14. Assessment of 226Ra concentration in ground water around Tummalapalle uranium mining and processing facility, Andhra Pradesh and assessment of ingestion dose to the members of the public

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radium is ubiquitous in nature and its level is highest in uranium ore. Because of natural mineralization and for various mining and milling activities, elevated level of uranium and its decay products may be expected in different matrices like water, food soil, rocks etc. around the uranium mining and processing facility. Exposure to radium can take place through water, food and to certain extent from inhalation of air. 238U series radionuclides are the major contributors to the radiation dose caused by natural radionuclides ingested with water and 226Ra is an important radionuclide of this series which contributes significant fraction of dose through intake of water. The aim of the present study was to understand distribution of 226Ra in ground water especially around uranium mining and processing facility of Tummalapalle, Andhra Pradesh and to estimate the ingestion dose to the members of public due to intake of 226Ra through water

  15. Influence of southern oscillation and SSTs over Nino-3.4 region on the winter monsoon rainfall over coastal Andhra Pradesh

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    O S R U Bhanu Kumar; C V Naidu; S R L Rao

    2004-09-01

    An analysis of the mean monthly data of 124 years reveals that the relationship between the Southern Oscillation Index in September and the winter monsoon rainfall (WMR) over Coastal Andhra Pradesh (CAP) is variable and non-stationary. In the recent four decades, however, SOI (Sept) is negatively and significantly correlated with CAP WMR. A similar analysis is performed using 50 years of mean monthly SSTs over Nino-3.4 region in August and September and CAP WMR to detect a possible relationship and there is a striking positive relation between them. In both of the above cases, the September signal is more significant in the recent four decades than for the other months and seasons for probable prediction of CAP WMR. Finally, to examine the influence of SO on the winter monsoon rainfall, a non-parametric test "Mann-Whitney Rank Statistics" test has been applied to the rainfall associated with extreme positive and negative SOI events.

  16. Comparative study of gamma-ray logging and radiometric core assay of boreholes in block-I of Tummalapalle area, Cuddapah District, Andhra Pradesh using statistical methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A comparative study has been carried out between gamma-ray logging and radiometric core assay data of boreholes in Block-I of Tummalapalle area, South Cuddapah Basin, Andhra Pradesh using statistical methods. The product of average grade (in %eU3O8) and thickness (in m) of uranium mineralization has been used for this purpose. The outcome of statistical analysis revealed a strong relation between gamma-ray logging and radiometric core assay data. Slope of the line is close to 1.0 and intercept is not different from 0.0. It ensures homogeneity of uranium ore distribution in the host rock. The calculated value from t-test is well within the limit and ensures the negligibility in the difference of means. This indicates that either of the data can be used for ore reserve calculation. (author)

  17. Site characterization studies along coastal Andhra Pradesh—India using multichannel analysis of surface waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trupti, S.; Srinivas, K. N. S. S. S.; Pavan Kishore, P.; Seshunarayana, T.

    2012-04-01

    Multichannel analysis of surface waves (MASW) technique was employed for site characterization studies at the identified lineament locations along coastal regions of Andhra Pradesh covering ~ 600 km to measure the shear wave velocity. The shear (S)-wave velocity of near surface materials (such as soil, rocks and pavement) and its effect on seismic wave propagation are of fundamental interest in many groundwater, engineering and environmental studies. Geologically, the study area comprises of Precambrian basement over which younger rocks commencing with Jurassic, Cretaceous, Tertiary and Quaternary have given rise to varying sequences in different parts. The study has been conducted along the lineaments and these were selected based on the analysis of IRS-1D LISS-IV satellite images and the field geological investigation. The average shear wave velocity, stiffness and the liquefaction potential were evaluated by using the obtained shear wave velocities. Soils are classified into four categories as soft soils, stiff soils, dense soils/soft rock and hard rock based on the obtained shear wave velocities. The factor of safety (FS) against liquefaction is determined and it is found that the sites with low shear wave velocity have FS construction of engineering projects such as pipelines, dams, bridges, canal alignments, and cross-drainage structures.

  18. Iodine nutritional status in Himachal Pradesh state, India

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    Umesh Kapil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Iodine deficiency (ID is the preventable causes of mental retardation worldwide. Himachal Pradesh (HP state is a known endemic region to ID. Objective: the objective was to assess the current status of iodine nutrition in a population of HP, India. Methodology: There are three regions in HP namely: Kangra, Mandi, and Shimla. In each region, one district was selected namely: Kangra, Kullu, and Solan. In each district, 30 clusters were identified by utilizing population proportional-to-size cluster sampling methodology. A total of 5748 school-age children (SAC (Kangra; 1864, Kullu; 1986, Solan: 1898, 1711 pregnant mothers (PMs (Kangra; 647, Kullu; 551, Solan: 513, and 1934 neonates (Kangra; 613, Kullu; 638, Solan: 683, were included in study. Clinical examination of thyroid of each child and PM was conducted. Casual urine samples were collected from children and PMs. Cord blood samples were collected for estimation of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH among neonates. Results: In SAC, total goiter rate (TGR was 15.8% (Kangra, 23.4% (Kullu, and 15.4% (Solan. Median urinary iodine concentration (UIC level was 200 μg/l (Kangra, 175 μg/l (Kullu, and 62.5 μg/l (Solan. In PMs, TGR was 42.2% (Kangra, 42.0% (Kullu, and 19.9% (Solan. Median UIC level was 200 μg/l (Kangra, 149 μg/l (Kullu, and 130 μg/l (Solan. In Neonates, TSH levels of > 5 mIU/L were found in 73.4 (Kangra, 79.8 (Kullu, and 63.2 (Solan percent of neonates. Conclusion: As per, UIC level (<100 μg/l in SAC, ID was found in district Solan. In Kullu and Solan districts, there were ID (UIC level < 150 μg/l among PMs. TSH levels indicated ID in all districts surveyed.

  19. CLINICAL STUDY OF MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY OF PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV (PLHIV ADMITTED TO A TERTIARY HEALTH CENTRE IN GUNTUR, ANDHRA PRADESH

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    Kalyan Kuma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Guntur district, which forms part of the AP state capital region, tops the list of HIV positive cases in the state. The district also had the dubious distinction of being the “HIV capital” in undivided Andhra Pradesh in the last two years. A proportion of the many patients who have advanced AIDS in Guntur diagnosed lately present for the first time requiring admission to hospital. AIM The aim of the study is to describe the clinical condition, inpatient case management and outcomes before discharge of people living with HIV admitted in Tertiary Health Centre in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was an observational, analytic, prospective cohort study using a sample of all patients consecutively admitted in tertiary health centre from March 2015 to September 2015. Patients were divided into two groups, ART Group and non-ART Group. ART Group includes all the patients who were started immediately on Anti-retroviral Therapy (ART before their discharge. Non-ART Group contains patients who did not received ART or who were terminally ill to start ART. Prevalence of opportunistic infections, morbidity and mortality outcomes of the two groups before discharge were determined. RESULTS Among the cohort of 203 PLHIV enrolled during the study period, only 85(42% were initiated on ART immediately. In all patients, tuberculosis (67;35% was the most common opportunistic infection followed by extra pulmonary tuberculosis (63; 31% and Pneumocystis pneumonia (35;19%. The mean baseline CD4 cell count was 84 cells/uL for the non-ART group and 55 cells/uL for the ART group (p <0.01. The median duration from time of initial admission to ART initiation was 14 days. The median duration of stay from initial admission to discharge from hospital was 13 days in the NON ART group and 18 days in the ART group. The mortality before discharge among the non-ART group was 24% compared to 6% among the ART group (p =0.001. Immune reconstitution

  20. Learning from the Past : India Uttar Pradesh Sodic Lands Reclamation Project

    OpenAIRE

    Kuehnast, Kathleen

    2001-01-01

    India's Uttar Pradesh Sodic Lands Reclamation Project has two objectives. First, it seeks to reverse the decline of productivity through sustainable reclamation of sodic lands. Second, it is intended to prevent additional increases in sodicity through strengthening local institutions and enabling effective management of such programs with strong beneficiary participation and nongovernmenta...

  1. Technological adaptation and employment in the small-scale farm machinery industry: uttar pradesh, India.

    OpenAIRE

    Mishra, S. C.

    1985-01-01

    ILO pub-WEP pub. Working paper on industrial development, based on a sample of 81 small scale industries producing agricultural machinery in Uttar Pradesh, India - explains industries' stagnation due to failure to produce technological change and innovations; stresses need for marketing and publicity for inexpensive agricultural equipment rather than state subsidy to produce expensive tractors, etc. Bibliography, statistical tables.

  2. Nasal rhinosporiodiosis from uttar pradesh (India: a non-endemic zone: first case report

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    Shalini Malhotra

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Rhinosporiodiosis is a cosmopolitan disease of man and animals, endemic in India and Sri Lanka with main focus of infection in Southern Tamil Nadu. Uttar Pradesh (UP is not known to be an endemic zone for this disease .We present here the first case of nasal Rhinosporiodiosis from this non-endemic zone.

  3. Understanding patterns of temporary method use among urban women from Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Barden-O’Fallon, Janine; Speizer, Ilene S.; Calhoun, Lisa M; Montana, Livia; Nanda, Priya

    2014-01-01

    Background: Almost one in five contraceptive users in India uses a temporary method. It is important to understand user profiles and method use patterns for optimal program targeting. This analysis examines differences in demographic characteristics, discontinuation and use patterns of temporary method users among a representative sample of urban women from four cities in Uttar Pradesh, India. Methods: Individual data from a panel of women aged 15–49 were collected in 2010 in Agra, Aligarh, A...

  4. Prevalence of dental caries and dental fluorosis among 12 and 15 years old school children in relation to fluoride concentration in drinking water in an endemic fluoride belt of Andhra Pradesh

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    Chandra Shekar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The published literature on the prevalence and severity of dental caries and dental fluorosis among school going children in Nalgonda district - An Endemic Fluoride belt was lacking . Objectives: To assess the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis and dental caries among 12 and 15 years old children in relation to fluoride concentration in drinking water . Settings and Design: It was a cross-sectional study, done in Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh, India (endemic fluoride belt . Materials and Methods: 5 of the 59 mandals in the district of Nalgonda were selected by simple random sampling. Then, 3 schools from each of these selected mandals were chosen at random. All the eligible 6 th and 9 th standard children were considered for final analysis. The demographic and other relevant information was collected by 3 trained and calibrated dentists, using a structured questionnaire. Dental caries were recorded using dentition status and treatment needs and fluorosis were recorded by Dean′s fluorosis index. The statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 16. Results: The prevalence of dental caries among children was 56.3% with the highest in below optimal fluoride area (71.3% and lowest in optimal fluoride area (24.3%. The prevalence of dental fluorosis was 71.5%. The prevalence was 39.7% in below optimal fluoride area and 100% in high and very fluoride areas. The prevalence and severity of fluorosis increased with increasing fluoride concentration. The caries experience was more among boys than girls. Conclusion: There was a negative correlation between dental caries and fluoride concentration for the entire study population. However, in high fluoride areas, there was a positive correlation between fluoride concentration and dental caries. Water defluoridation on an urgent basis is a priority here than water fluoridation, because the prevalence and severity of dental flurorosis is very high.

  5. Implementation pathway report: Community Resource Person An intervention by the Technical Support Unit Uttar Pradesh, India, February 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Girase, BA; Dwivedi, P.; A Srivastava; Bhattacharya, SK; Avan, BI

    2015-01-01

    A report describing the methodology behind an implementation pathway for the Community Resource Person innovation being implemented by the Technical Support Unit (a large-scale collaboration between the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Uttar Pradesh government) in Uttar Pradesh, India.

  6. Assessment of satellite and model derived long term solar radiation for spatial crop models: A case study using DSSAT in Andhra Pradesh

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    Anima Biswal

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Crop Simulation models are mathematical representations of the soil plant-atmosphere system that calculate crop growth and yield, as well as the soil and plant water and nutrient balances, as a function of environmental conditions and crop management practices on daily time scale. Crop simulation models require meteorological data as inputs, but data availability and quality are often problematic particularly in spatialising the model for a regional studies. Among these weather variables, daily total solar radiation and air temperature (Tmax and Tmin have the greatest influence on crop phenology and yield potential. The scarcity of good quality solar radiation data can be a major limitation to the use of crop models. Satellite-sensed weather data have been proposed as an alternative when weather station data are not available. These satellite and modeled based products are global and, in general, contiguous in time and also been shown to be accurate enough to provide reliable solar and meteorological resource data over large regions where surface measurements are sparse or nonexistent. In the present study, an attempt was made to evaluate the satellite and model derived daily solar radiation for simulating groundnut crop growth in the rainfed distrcits of Andhra Pradesh. From our preliminary investigation, we propose that satellite derived daily solar radiation data could be used along with ground observed temperature and rainfall data for regional crop simulation studies where the information on ground observed solar radiation is missing or not available.

  7. Morbidity pattern of hydatid disease (cystic echinococcosis) and lack of its knowledge in patients attending Mamata General Hospital, Khammam, Andhra Pradesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemachander, S Suguna; Prasad, C Rajendra; Jessica, M

    2008-01-01

    There is hearsay that prevalence of hydatid disease in Khammam and Nalgonda districts of Andhra Pradesh is high. We report here a preliminary study conducted to determine the magnitude of the problem of hydatid disease and the morbidity associated with it in patients attending MGH, KMM, A.P. (rural hospital). Eleven cases were identified during the period from November 2005 to May 2006 (seven months). Pain in abdomen, mass per abdomen, loss of appetite, pregnancy complicated by cystic echinococcosis (CE), and jaundice were the main clinical symptoms and signs. Ultrasonography, detection and removal of the cysts on the operation table, microscopic examination of the aspirated hydatid fluid were confirmatory. Ziehl-Neelsen stain of the aspirated fluid revealed acid-fast scolices. Interrogation of the patients and their family members (50) revealed that there was a total lack of knowledge of dog-tapeworm-caused infection in humans. They knew 'rabies' as the only disease man gets from dogs, and tapeworms are from pork and beef. PMID:18417888

  8. Redescriptions of genera Raphidascaris Railliet et Henry, 1915 and Paranisakis Baylis, 1923 (Nematoda: Heterocheilidae), and Paracamallanus Yorke and Maplestone, 1926 (Nematoda: Camallanidae) from fish of Andhra Pradesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakshmi, I R; Rao, K H; Shyamasundari, K

    1989-01-01

    The present paper deals with the redescriptions of the species of a nematode of the families, Heterocheilidae Railliet et Henry, 1915 and Camallanidae Railliet et Henry, 1915 from the intestine and stomach of marine fishes, Epinephelus areolatus (Forskål), Tachysurus tenuispinis (Day), Johnius diacantus (Lecépède), Ilisha filigera (Valenciennes), Pomadasys maculatus (Blooch). Dasyatis (Himantura) uarnak (Forskål), Pterois russelli Bennett, Scoliodon sorrakowah (Cuvier) and Carangoides malabaricus Bloch and Schneider from Visakhapatnam and Kakinada (Andhra Pradesh). Most of the characters tally with Raphidascaris chirocentri Yamaguti, 1935, Paranisakis pastinacae (Rud., 1819) Baylis, 1936 and Paracamallanus theraponis Kalyankar, 1970, but differs from it body measurements, oesophagus length, location of the nerve ring, length of the tridents, possession of striations, shape and position of the vulvar process and size of the eggs. Except for these minor variations, in all other characters there is agreement with above species. Because of the non-availability of the male, it is not possible to assign the present specimens to any of the known species of the genus Raphidascaris, Paranisakis and Paracamallanus. Hence these are referred as Raphidascaris sp., Paranisakis sp. and Paracamallanus sp. Dasyatis uarnak, Pterois russelli, Scoliodon sorrakowah and Carangoides malabaricus are new host records. Visakhapatnam and Kakinada are the new locality records. PMID:2487509

  9. Dragonflies and Damselflies (Odonata: Insecta of Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, central India

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    A.D. Tiple

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Dragonfly and damselfly (Odonata species diversity and status were studied in the 1.09sq.km campus of the Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh (Central India. A total of 48 species of odonates belonging to 32 genera of two Sub-orders and 9 families viz., Coenagrionidae, Protoneuridae, Platycnemididae, Lestidae, Chlorocyphidae, Aeshnidae, Gomphidae, Libellulidae and Macromiidae were recorded. Six species previously unrecorded from Madhya Pradesh were added to the checklist. Of the total 48 species, 15 were very common, 15 were common, 16 rare and two very rare. The observations support the value of the TFRI campus in providing valuable resources for Odonata fauna.

  10. A new species of Copidosomyia Girault (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) from India, with a key to global species and additional distribution records of encyrtids from India

    OpenAIRE

    Sagadai Manickavasagam; Tirunagaru Krishnachaitanya

    2016-01-01

    A new taxon, Copidosomyia abdulkalami sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) is described from the material collected from Yercaud, Tamil Nadu, India, a key to global species of Copidosomyia is provided and additional distribution records of encyrtids from the state of Andhra Pradesh, India are also presented.

  11. Agribusiness Incubator at ICRISAT : India Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2014-01-01

    The agribusiness incubator in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India is the result of a partnership between the Indian government and an international crop-research organization that is a member of CGIAR, a global partnership of organizations seeking a food-secure future. As the incubator has developed, it has become relatively independent of its founders, the International Crops Research In...

  12. Ethnobotany of the Monpa ethnic group at Arunachal Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Tangjang Sumpam; Mandal Manabendra; Namsa Nima D; Mandal Subhash C.

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background The present paper documents the uses of plants in traditional herbal medicine for human and veterinary ailments, and those used for dietary supplements, religious purpose, local beverage, and plants used to poison fish and wild animals. Traditional botanical medicine is the primary mode of healthcare for most of the rural population in Arunachal Pradesh. Materials and methods Field research was conducted between April 2006 and March 2009 with randomly selected 124 key info...

  13. Glof Study in Tawang River Basin, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Panda, R; Padhee, S. K.; Dutta, S.

    2014-01-01

    Glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) is one of the major unexpected hazards in the high mountain regions susceptible to climate change. The Tawang river basin in Arunachal Pradesh is an unexplored region in the Eastern Himalayas, which is impending to produce several upcoming hydro-electric projects (HEP). The main source of the river system is the snow melt in the Eastern Himalayas, which is composed of several lakes located at the snout of the glacier dammed by the lateral or end mor...

  14. Mercury speciation in coastal sediments from the central east coast of India by modified BCR method.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Chakraborty, P.; Babu, P.V.R.; Vudamala, K.; Ramteke, D.; Chennuri, K.

    of India as shown in Figure 1. The sites were (1) Bheemili (BHI), (2) Vishakhapatnam (VSKP), and (3) Gangavaram (GVM) (4) Goutami Godavari Estuary (GGE) (5) Kakinada (KKD). The Bheemili (BHI) site is located in the north of Andhra Pradesh. This city... is not industrially developed. The approximate population of this city is ~50,000. Vishakhapatnam (VSKP) is the second largest city in the state of Andhra Pradesh and the third largest city (after Kolkata and Chennai) in the east coast of India. VSKP has become a...

  15. A study on Rh incompatibility and frequency of weak D among blood donors and patients at a tertiary care referral teaching hospital in Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepthi Krishna G

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Rh D antigen is the next most important after ABO antigens in the field of transfusion medicine. Weak D refers to reduced expression of D antigen on the red blood cell that requires an extended testing with indirect antiglobulin test (IAT to get detected. Clinical importance of weak D arises when labelling the donor and patient, as the donor is labelled as D positive, patient as D negative. Methods: In our center all blood donor and patient samples are tested for ABO and Rh D by conventional tube technique using two anti-D reagents; anti-D immunoglobulin M (IgM monoclonal and a blend of anti-D IgM and immunoglobulin G (IgG. The blood samples which were negative for agglutination by immediate spin method were further tested for weak-D using IgG anti-D in the IAT phase with low ionic strength solution (LISS/Coombs’gel card. Results: A total of 46,654 blood samples were tested (22,326 donors and 24,328 patients during the period January 2012 to August 2014. Among these 43,771 (93.82% were Rh D positive and remaining 2,883 (6.18% were Rh-D negative. A total of 30 individuals (16 donors and 14 patients were weak D positive constituting 1.04% of Rh-D negatives and 0.06% of total individuals screened. Conclusions: This study shows the prevalence of weak D antigen in our population who are representative of Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh. It also stresses the need to identify individuals with variant D (rather than weak or partial D and to inform them about their status as donor and recipient of blood/organ.

  16. Effect of fluoride exposure on the intelligence of school children in Madhya Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudhanshu Saxena

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess the relationship between exposure to different drinking water fluoride levels and children′s intelligence in Madhya Pradesh state, India. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 12-year-old school children of Madhya Pradesh state, India. The children were selected from low (0.05. However, a statistically significant difference was observed in the urinary fluoride levels (P 0.000. Reduction in intelligence was observed with an increased water fluoride level (P 0.000. The urinary fluoride level was a significant predictor for intelligence (P 0.000. Conclusion: Children in endemic areas of fluorosis are at risk for impaired development of intelligence.

  17. Analysing the impact of the polio eradication initiative on routine immunisation in Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Haenssgen, MJ

    2012-01-01

    Embedded in the study of interactions between global health initiatives and country health systems, this paper analyses the impact of the Polio Eradication Initiative’s (PEI) on the routine immunisation programme in Uttar Pradesh, India. Applying the policy implementation framework and a mixed-method research design to analyse the PEI’s policy to “strengthen routine immunisation,” qualitative analysis demonstrates ambiguous translations of programme policies into operational guidelines. Tr...

  18. India - Himachal Pradesh : Accelerating Development and Sustaining Success in a Hill State

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2007-01-01

    This Economic Report is the first by the World Bank on the economy of Himachal Pradesh (HP), and the first on a hill state in India. HP is a unique state in many respects-most importantly because of the enormous success it has achieved over the past three decades, despite severe structural disadvantages of relative remoteness, environmental fragility, and a difficult hill terrain, characte...

  19. The emergence of maternal health as a political priority in Madhya Pradesh, India : a qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Jat, Tej Ram; Deo, Prakash Ramchandra; Goicolea, Isabel; Hurtig, Anna-Karin; Sebastian, Miguel San

    2013-01-01

    Background: Politics plays a critical role in agenda setting in health affairs; therefore, understanding the priorities of the political agenda in health is very important. The political priority for safe motherhood has been investigated at the national level in different countries. The objective of this study was to explore why and how maternal health became a political priority at sub-national level in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. Methods: This study followed a qualitative design. ...

  20. How the local community views wildlife conservation: a case of Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Mohd Shahnawaz Khan; Faiza Abbasi

    2015-01-01

    A study was conducted to assess the local community’s attitudes towards wildlife conservation in Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary (HWS), Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the largest sanctuary in the state and under the highest anthropogenic pressure. People engage in fishing, livestock grazing, fuel wood/fodder collection, cash cropping of cucurbits in the sandy river banks for sustenance and commercial extraction of sand and grass for construction. These activities threaten the survival of threatene...

  1. Geospatial Modelling Approach for Interlinking of Rivers: A Case Study of Vamsadhara and Nagavali River Systems in Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Swathi Lakshmi, A.; Saran, S; S.K. Srivastav; Y.V.N. Krishna Murthy

    2014-01-01

    India is prone to several natural disasters such as floods, droughts, cyclones, landslides and earthquakes on account of its geoclimatic conditions. But the most frequent and prominent disasters are floods and droughts. So to reduce the impact of floods and droughts in India, interlinking of rivers is one of the best solutions to transfer the surplus flood waters to deficit/drought prone areas. Geospatial modelling provides a holistic approach to generate probable interlinking routes...

  2. Impact evaluation of the Urban Health Initiative in urban Uttar Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achyut, Pranita; Benson, Aimee; Calhoun, Lisa M.; Corroon, Meghan; Guilkey, David K.; Kebede, Essete; Lance, Peter M.; Mishra, Anurag; Nanda, Priya; O'Hara, Rick; Sengupta, Ranajit; Speizer, Ilene S.; Stewart, John F.; Winston, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    Objectives The Urban Health Initiative (UHI) was initiated in 2009 with the goal of increasing family planning (FP) use among the poor in urban areas of Uttar Pradesh, India. The Measurement, Learning & Evaluation project (MLE) was tasked with rigorous impact evaluation of the UHI. This paper presents the impact evaluation findings of the UHI program. Study design The MLE design includes a longitudinal sample of women and health facilities with baseline (2010) and endline (2014) data collection in six cities in Uttar Pradesh, India. At baseline, samples representative of women in each city were selected with oversampling of the poor. Eighty-four percent of women interviewed at baseline were reinterviewed 4 years later at endline. The longitudinal data support a within/fixed-effects approach to identification of program impact on changes in modern FP use. Results Impact evaluation results show significant effects of exposure to both demand and supply side program activities. In particular, women exposed to brochures (marginal effect: 6.96, p India's strategies aimed at ensuring access to and provision of FP to urban poor populations. The effective demand- and supply-side strategies of the UHI program are therefore likely to be sustainable and scalable to other urban areas in India. Implications statement Findings from this study are important for designing sustainable and scalable FP strategies for urban India where increases in FP use will be relevant for meeting international FP targets. PMID:26948185

  3. Dental Prosthetic Status and Prosthetic Needs of Institutionalised Elderly Population in Oldage Homes of Jabalpur City, Madhya Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Deogade, Suryakant C.; Vinay, S.; Naidu, Sonal

    2012-01-01

    Oral disorders are cumulative throughout life and hence unfavourable outcomes are likely to be greatest among the elderly. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among institutionalized geriatric population in old-age homes of Jabalpur city, Madhya Pradesh, to assess their prosthetic status and prosthetic needs. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in all the four old-age homes of Jabalpur city, Madhya Pradesh state, India. All residents aged 60 years and above formed the study p...

  4. Hydrochemical characterization of groundwater in around Tirupati Area, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, South India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balaji, E.; Nagaraju, A.; Sreedhar, Y.; Thejaswi, A.; Sharifi, Zahed

    2016-08-01

    In the management of water resources, quality of water is just as important as its quantity. The main aim of this study has been to assess the variability of groundwater parameters to develop water quality of Tirupati area and its suitability for domestic and irrigation purpose. Further, the samples were analyzed for pH, EC, TDS, carbonates, bicarbonates, alkalinity, chlorides, sulfates, hardness, fluoride, calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium. Based on the analytical results, chemical indices like percent sodium, sodium absorption ratio (SAR), adjusted SAR, percent sodium (Na %), residual sodium carbonate (RSC) and permeability index (PI) have been calculated. Chadha rectangular diagram for geochemical classification and hydrochemical processes of groundwater indicated that most of waters are Ca-Mg-HCO3 and Ca-Mg-Cl types. Assessment of water samples from various methods indicated that majority of the water samples are suitable for domestic and irrigation purpose.

  5. IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF TROPICAL CYCLONE HUD HUD ON COASTAL REGION OF VISAKHAPATNAM, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Vivek

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low pressure center, strong winds, and a spiral arrangements of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain. Tropical cyclones typically form over large bodies of relatively warm water. On 6th October 2014 Hud Hud originates from a low pressure system that formed under the influence of an upper air cyclonic circulation in the Andaman Sea. On 9th October 2014 the IMD department classified the Hud Hud as a very severe cyclonic storm on IMD scale and category 4 on Staffir-Simpson scale. The cyclone hit the coast of Visakhapatnam on 12th October 2014 at wind speed of 175 km/h which caused extensive damage to the city and the neighbouring districts. The damage caused by Cyclone Hud Hud not only changed the landscape of the port city, but also made it the first city in the country to be directly hit by a cyclone since 1891 as per the records of the IMD. The remote sensing technique used here is NDVI. NDVI will separate vegetation and non-vegetation part. The NDVI will be classified in ERDAS and calculated the area using ARCGIS. The satellite data of 4th October 2014 show s before the cyclone, 14th October 2014 shows after the cyclone and 7th December 2014 after two month of cyclone.

  6. Sediment fluxes and the littoral drift along northeast Andhra Pradesh Coast, India: Estimation by remote sensing

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kunte, P.D.; Alagarsamy, R.; Hursthouse, A.S.

    , this assessment demonstrates the potential of remote sensing technology in understanding the coastal morphometric changes, long-term sediment transport, shoreline changes, and offshore turbidity distribution pattern and the implications for the transport...

  7. Economics of organic versus chemical farming for three crops in Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Sudheer, P. Sri Krishna

    2013-01-01

    To tackle the challenge of food grain production and food security, chemical agriculture advocates call for the continuing or higher use of chemical fertilizers and synthetic pesticides. However, the continuous use and higher reliance on these inputs can lead to a reduction in crop productivity, deterioration in the quality of natural resources and the eco-system. Organic farming offers a solution for sustainable agricultural growth and safeguarding the ecosystem. A conversion from chemical...

  8. The Astronomical Significance of 'Nilurallu', The Megalithic Stone Alignment at Muradoddiin Andhra Pradesh, India

    CERN Document Server

    Rao, N Kameswara; Mallinathpur, Yogesh

    2011-01-01

    The stone alignment 'Nilurallu' at Murardoddi is a megalithic monument containing standing stones of 12 to 16 feet high that are arranged somewhat in a squarish pattern. This is one of the stone alignments listed by Allchin (1956) as a non-sepulchal array that might have some astronomical connotations. This impressive stone alignment seems to be similar to that at Vibhuthihalli, that was studied earlier, but constructed with much larger stones. The observations conducted by us show that the rows of stones are aligned to the directions of sunrise (and sunset) on calendrically-important events, like equinoxes and solstices. In contrast to Vibhuthihalli, the shadows of stones provide a means of measuring shorter intervals of time. Key words: Observational astronomy, megalithic astronomy, stone alignments, equinoxes, solstices, sunrises

  9. Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of Some Weed Species of Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Prakash Rao

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The phytochemical constituents present in weeds act as potential source of useful drugs to improve the health status of humans. Phytochemical surveys are now acted as the first step towards the discovery of useful drugs. Weeds are the richest resource of drugs and useful for the various biological activity. The present investigation includes the Phytochemical screening of some abundantly available weed species from the crop fields of Kadapa district. Phytochemical tests were carried out specially for screening secondary metabolites from the selected weed plants. 21 weed species belonging to 20 genera and 13 different families were phytochemically analyzed to find Different phytochemicals like alkaloids, steroids, phenols tannins, saponins, anthroquinones terpenoides, flavonoids, and glycoside.

  10. Prevalence of hypertension among reproductive age group tribal women in Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Appala Naidu

    2016-04-01

    Results: Among the study women, 40.6% belonged to prime tribe groups (PTG and 36% of women had debts. Two fifths (40.7% of tribal women were normotensive and another two fifths (42.1% were in pre-hypertensive stage. Stage-1 hypertension was observed in 16.3% of study women. Non- PTGs and women with debts had significantly high prevalence of hypertension when compared to other groups. Conclusions: Prevalence of HTN was more in tribal women when compared to national prevalence indicating the need of screening of blood pressures in tribal communities. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(4.000: 1224-1228

  11. Blocked learning in development aid? Reporting success rather than failure in Andhra Pradesh, India

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saito, Moeko; Pasgaard, Maya

    2014-01-01

    for project fund disbursement and staff career promotion within recipient governments and development organizations; and asymmetrical power relations, collusion and collaboration among project actors. The article calls for a critical need to restructure the existing organizational incentive structures within...

  12. Isolation of Amylase Producing Bacteria from Solar Salterns of Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shameer Syed

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available α-Amylases are a class of starch degrading enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of internal α-1,4-O-glycosidic bonds in polysaccharides. The following investigation were carried out to isolate haloalkaliphilic bacteria, a group of organisms with twin extremities of pH and salinity, capable of producing α-amylases from an artificial solar saltern. A total of 25 discrete colonies were isolated, 21 isolates showed amylase production. Among these 7 isolates produced amylase at extreme conditions such as salt, alkalinity and temperature. The isolates were characterized biochemically and also for other enzymes. From the results it is imperative that these isolates can be further studied to exploit them up to industrial scale.

  13. A Single-hole stone anchor from Kottapatnam: Early historic port site of Andhra Pradesh, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripati, S.; Rao, K.P.; Kumari, S.; Imsong, O.; Vanlalhruaitluangi, V.

    broken piece of polished stone celt in addition to other findings. The recent explorations brought to light a Vijayanagar period coin, pottery and a single hole stone anchor. The finding of the stone anchor throws light on the maritime activities...

  14. Permian Triassic palynofloral transition in Chintalapudi area, Godavari Graben, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Neerja Jha; M Basava Chary; Neha Aggarwal

    2012-10-01

    The entire 606 m-thick sedimentary sequence in borecore MCP-7 from Chintalapudi area, Chintalapudi sub-basin has been lithologically designated as Kamthi Formation. However, the palynological investigation revealed five distinct palynoassemblages, which essentially fall under two groups, one group (Palynoassemblage-I, II and III) having dominance of striate disaccates along with presence of some stratigraphically significant taxa, belongs to Late Permian (Raniganj) palynoflora, while the other group (Palynoassemblages IV and V) shows sharp decline in percentage of characteristic taxa of first group, i.e., striate disaccates, and consequent rise or dominance of taeniate and cingulate cavate spores, belongs to Early Triassic (Panchet) palynoflora. Palynoassemblage-I, II and III (Group I) are characterized by dominance of striate disaccates chiefly, Striatopodocarpites spp. and Faunipollenites spp. Along with presence of rare but stratigraphically significant taxa, viz., Gondisporites raniganjensis, Falcisporites nuthaliensis, Klausipollenites schaubergeri, Chordasporites sp., Striomonosaccites, ovatus, Crescentipollenites multistriatus, Verticipollenites debiles, Strotersporites crassiletus, Guttulapollenites hannonicus, G. gondwanensis, Hamiapollenites insolitus, Corisaccites alutus, Lunatisporites ovatus, Weylandites spp. and Vitreisporites pallidus. Palynoassemblage-I is distinguished by significant presence of Densipollenites spp. while Palynoassemblage-II shows significant presence of Crescentipollenites spp. and Palynoassemblage-III differs from the above two assemblages in having significant presence of Guttulapollenites hannonicus. Palynoassemblage-IV (Group II) is characterized by high percentage of taeniate disaccates chiefly Lunatisporites spp., while Palynoassemblage-V (Group II) is characterized by cingulate-cavate trilete spores chiefly, Lundbladispora spp. and Densoisporites spp. Striate disaccates show a sharp decline in these two assemblages. In Chintalapudi area Late Permian and Early Triassic palynoflora has been recorded for the first time indicating existence of Raniganj and Panchet sediments as well. The study further supports the earlier studies of Jha and Srivastava (1996) that Kamthi Formation represents Early Triassic (=Panchet Formation) overlying Raniganj equivalent sediments with a gradational contact.

  15. Overcoming Drought in India : Adaptation Strategies for the State of Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    The study objectives were designed to enhance the state's capacity to assess long-term effects of drought and increase resilience to drought risks at state, district, and community levels. The process for development of study objectives featured extensive consultation with affected sectors, and with state and national programs that aim to address the effects of drought. The study aimed to:...

  16. MEDICINAL PANTS USED BY THE ETHNIC PRACTITIONERS IN NALGONDA DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Sravan Prasad.M; Venkateshwara Rao.K.N; Santhosha.D; Chaitanya .R.S.N.A.K.K; David Banji

    2010-01-01

    The biomedicines used in folklore practices prevalent in Nalgonda district are enumerated. The biomedicines are composed of single drugs or combination of drugs. The traditional family practitioners are interviewed personally and the findings are recorded. The present paper gives the information on various plants, their botanical names, family, parts used and mode of administration along with the diseases cured.

  17. Radioelemental equilibrium-disequilibrium studies on uranium ore of Chitrial Area, Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the nature of radioactive occurrence in Chitrial Main Block in terms of distribution of uranium and radium with special emphasis on uranium and its disequilibrium behaviour based on the large number of higher order radioactive borehole core samples. The sample data is from eastern and western parts of the main block of Chitrial, which are close to the unconformity depth. The analytical results show that the radioelemental data of Chitrial area essentially belong to the same population and that there is a continuous influx of uranium into the system with strong disequilibrium in favour of parent uranium. (author)

  18. A study of cephalic index and facial index in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Background: The description of the human body has been a major concern since ancient times. The use of medical terminology enhances reliability of comparison made between studies from different areas thereby contributing higher level of scientific evidence. Cephalic index is an important parameter in forensic medicine, anthropology and genetics to know the sex and racial differences between individuals. Facial index is useful index for forensic scientists, plastic surgeons and anatomist. The ...

  19. Permian–Triassic palynostratigraphy in Mailaram area, Godavari Graben, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Neerja Jha; Neha Aggarwal

    2012-10-01

    Palynological investigations of five borecores, viz., GAM-3, GAM-6, GAM-7, GAM-8 and GAM-10 from Mailaram area have suggested the occurrence of complete Lower Gondwana succession in Mailaram area. Total nine palynozones have been identified on the basis of dominance, sub-dominance and appearance of various palynotaxa. These palynozones belong to Talchir, Upper Karharbari and Barakar (Early Permian), Raniganj (Late Permian) and Panchet (Early Triassic) palynofloras of Indian Gondwana. The oldest Palynozone-1 demonstrated in borecore GAM-6 (331.4–500 m) and borecore GAM-10 (505.66–581.55 m), is characterized by the dominance of Parasaccites and sub-dominance of Plicatipollenites belongs to Talchir Palynoflora; Palynozone-2 identified in borecore GAM-7 (667–749 m) and borecore GAM-8 (89.75 m) is characterized by the dominance of Parasaccites and sub-dominance of Scheuringipollenites which belongs to Upper Karharbari Palynoflora. Palynozone-3, identified in borecore GAM-6 (149.7–240.05 m) and borecore GAM-8 (84.95 m), is characterized by the dominance of Scheuringipollenites akin to Scheuringipollenites zone of Barakar palynoflora; Palynozone-4, recorded in borecores GAM-3 (294–437.98 m), GAM-7 (453–640.5 m) and GAM-8 (35.35 m) is characterized by the dominance of Faunipollenites and sub-dominance of Striatopodocarpites along with certain stratigraphically significant taxa, viz., Weylandites, Guttulapollenites, Corisaccites, Aurangapollenites and Osmundacidites. Palynozone-5, demarcated in borecore GAM-3 (144.86–221.3 m) and borecore GAM-10 (35.35 m), is distinguished by the dominance of striate disaccates along with at least 30% pollen assigned to Striasulcites; Palynozone-6, identified in borecore GAM-3 (35.1–73.08 m) and borecore GAM-7 (231–423 m), is characterized by the dominance of striate disaccates along with 20–30% of Densipollenites; Palynozone-7, recorded in borecore GAM-7 (206 m), is distinguished by the dominance of Crescentipollenites along with striate disaccates; Palynozone-8, identified in borecore GAM-7 (178.4 m), is characterized by the distinguished presence of taeniate pollen Guttulapollenites. Palynozones 4–8 belong to Raniganj Palynoflora. Palynozone-9, identified in borecore GAM-7 (166 m), is discriminated by the dominance of trilete spore Verrucosisporites and sub-dominance of taeniate pollen Lunatisporites which belongs to Triassic palynoflora. On the basis of palynological data Palynozone-1 (= Talchir palynoflora), Palynozone-2 and Palynozone-3 have been assigned to Early Permian age; Palynozones 4–8 (= Raniganj palynoflora) have been assigned to Late Permian age and Palynozone-9 (= Triassic palynoflora) has been assigned to Early Triassic age. With the aim of correlating the Permian and Triassic sediments of Mailaram area palynological investigations of five borecores were carried out.

  20. Seasonal Abundance of Micro Algae in Pandi Backwaters of Godavari Estuary, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geddada Mohan NARASIMHA RAO

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Gautami branch of Godavari River is a typical positive estuary and is in tidal communication with the open sea upto a point near Kapileswarapuram. This branch flows southwest and opens into Bay of Bengal at two places, namely Bhiravapalem and Kothapalem. The Gautami branch of Godavari is also connected to Pandi backwaters by a channel known as Pedderu, which starts at Kothapalem, Balusutippa area and enters Pandi back water system. Two stations were selected for collection of data. Hydrographical data were collected for one year from July 2006 to 2007 and the data on distribution of phytoplankton was studied in three seasons during 2006-2007. Hydrographical features of the two stations showed that lower values were recorded during October to February months, while higher values were reported from the month of March to September. A total 57 species of phytoplankton were identified from the two study sites of the Pandi backwaters Composition of phytoplankton varied seasonally in relation to salinity fluctuations and showed that two peak periods, one in June-July and another in between December and March. Present study indicates that diatoms are the dominant group followed by the Chlorophyceae and others. This study will aid the baseline data for aqua-culturists in nearby regions.

  1. IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF TROPICAL CYCLONE HUD HUD ON COASTAL REGION OF VISAKHAPATNAM, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Vivek, G; T. Srinivasa Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low pressure center, strong winds, and a spiral arrangements of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain. Tropical cyclones typically form over large bodies of relatively warm water. On 6th October 2014 Hud Hud originates from a low pressure system that formed under the influence of an upper air cyclonic circulation in the Andaman Sea. On 9th October 2014 the IMD department classified the Hud Hud as a very severe cyclonic sto...

  2. Impact Assessment of Tropical Cyclone Hud Hud on Coastal Region of Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vivek, G.; Srinivasa Kumar, T.

    2015-10-01

    Tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low pressure center, strong winds, and a spiral arrangements of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain. Tropical cyclones typically form over large bodies of relatively warm water. On 6th October 2014 Hud Hud originates from a low pressure system that formed under the influence of an upper air cyclonic circulation in the Andaman Sea. On 9th October 2014 the IMD department classified the Hud Hud as a very severe cyclonic storm on IMD scale and category 4 on Staffir-Simpson scale. The cyclone hit the coast of Visakhapatnam on 12th October 2014 at wind speed of 175 km/h which caused extensive damage to the city and the neighbouring districts. The damage caused by Cyclone Hud Hud not only changed the landscape of the port city, but also made it the first city in the country to be directly hit by a cyclone since 1891 as per the records of the IMD. The remote sensing technique used here is NDVI. NDVI will separate vegetation and non-vegetation part. The NDVI will be classified in ERDAS and calculated the area using ARCGIS. The satellite data of 4th October 2014 show s before the cyclone, 14th October 2014 shows after the cyclone and 7th December 2014 after two month of cyclone.

  3. HOST-RANGE STUDIES OF CASSYTHA FILIFORMIS L. IN CHITTOOR DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

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    VENU GOPAL A

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The plant disease causing infective agents range from viroids, viruses, Bacteria, Parasitic algae, fungi, mycoplasmas, mollicules, parasitic nematodes and parasitic higher plants, about 2500 species of higher plants are reported to be parasitic plants which produce flowers and seeds and belong to the families, Loranthaceae, Convolvulaceae Scrophulariaceae, Orobanchaceae, Lauraceae, Santalaceae and Balanophoraceae. These are either root or stem parasites, parasitic flowering plants as plant pathogens are placed in the following four groups: Mistletoes, the dodders, the Broomrapes and witch weeds. During this investigation, the Cassytha filiformis, a total obligate parasite is living on wood yielding tree species, medicinally important plant species and jungle plant species. Hence in the present study systematic survey and identification of the host's plants and their economic value is proposed to be under taken.

  4. Food and Feeding Habits of Upeneus vittatus (Forsskal, 1775 from Visakhapatnam Coast (Andhra Pradesh of India

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    C. Manjulatha

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aspects of food and feeding habits of Upeneus vittatus collected from Visakhapatnam fishing harbour are reported in this paper. Analysis of their gut contents based on frequency of occurrence, revealed that crustaceans mainly shrimps and crabs (59.49% and teleostean fishes (14.51% made the bulk of the diet with bivalve mollusks (13.51% being at times important. Frequency of occurrence of teleostean fishes was observed to be more in fishes above 163 mm in length while shrimps constituted the predominant food item through out the year. Thus the results revealed that U. vittatus mainly subsisted on crustaceans and teleosts.

  5. Children's Responses to Risk in Agricultural Work in Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Morrow , Virginia; Vennam, Uma

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses protection of children from hazards in agricultural work. International and national policies aim to protect children by eliminating all child labour. Previous literature on hazardous child labour tends to focus on single industries or crops, overlooking the variety of activities that children undertake in subsistence farming. We analyse survey and qualitative data from children, and present rates of work, injuries experienced, how children deal with risks, and perceived ...

  6. Entomofauna of Kane Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India

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    O.T. Singh

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the entomofauna of Kane Wildlife Sanctuary revealed the occurrence of 170 species of insects belonging to 39 families under nine orders. The Order Coleoptera was dominant with a maximum of 70 species followed by Thysanoptera and Odonata with 23 species each. Orthoptera, Hymenoptera and Collembola were respectively 18, 13 and eight species. Seven species were known to the order Diptera and only five species were encountered for Hemiptera. Two species of Dictyoptera viz., Cryptocera sp. and Mantis sp. were also collected. Overall, 39 species of insects hitherto known only from other states, were recorded for the first time from Arunachal Pradesh through the present collection. This study is the first of its kind to collect and document the insects of the Sanctuary.

  7. 'Slippage': The Bane of Rural Drinking Water Sector (A Study of Extent and Causes in Andhra Pradesh)

    OpenAIRE

    V Ratna Reddy; Ramamohan Rao, M S; M Venkataswamy

    2010-01-01

    Slippage is one of the main bottlenecks of achieving full coverage of water and sanitation services in India. Slippage is the term often used to reflect unsustainable service delivery of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services, especially in rural areas. Off late slippage is attracting attention at the policy level though slippage is as old as the coverage of water supply services. This paper makes an attempt to identify the causes of slippage in a systematic manner. The broad objective...

  8. Cost of Providing Sustainable Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Services : An initial assessment of LCCA in Andhra Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    V Ratna Reddy; Charles Batchelor

    2010-01-01

    Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services levels remain stubbornly low in rural India despite high levels of public expenditure during recent decades. In many areas, this is a result of service levels slipping back for reasons that include inadequate protection of water sources (both quantity and quality) and relatively more attention being given to capital expenditure than expenditure on operational and capital maintenance. Using information in the public domain and data from a pilot stu...

  9. Impact of total organic carbon (in sediments) and dissolved organic carbon (in overlying water column) on Hg sequestration by coastal sediments from the central east coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Chakrabortya, P.; Sharma, B.M.; Babu, P.V.R.; Yao, K.M.; Jaychandran, S.

    east coast of India as shown in the Fig 1. The coastal sediments were collected from 1) Bhimili 2) Visakhapatnam, 3) Gangavaram, and 4) Kakinada. The Bhimli (BHI) is located in the north of Andhra Pradesh. This city is not industrially developed.... The approximate population of this area is ~50,000. Vishakhapatnam (VSKP) is the second largest city in the state of Andhra Pradesh and the third largest city (after Kolkata and Chennai) in the east coast of India. VSKP has become a hub for many heavy industries...

  10. Demographic studies of Sherpalle area, the proposed site for Uranium Processing Plant in Nalgondo district, Andhra Pradesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Availability of nuclear fuel, in the wake of over stress on other power resources, for continuous production of nuclear energy is a crucial and essential factor. Uranium Corporation of India Ltd. (UCIL) is undertaking mining and processing of uranium ore on large scale and it is expanding its operation in the Nalgonda district of AP, which is endowed with huge uranium deposits. To initiate the continuous operation of mining processes, it is essential and prime requisite to generate baseline demographic data which can be compared to both past and future date to identify changes that may result due to mining operations

  11. Early childhood and the transition to primary school: choices and inequalities in Andhra Pradesh: Young Lives Policy Brief 15

    OpenAIRE

    Brock, Karen

    2011-01-01

    Awareness of the importance of early childhood care and education (ECCE) for children below the age of 8 has increased in recent years. It is seen as the foundation of primary education and as a crucial step towards attaining the five MDGs which concern the health, nutrition and education of young children. A key challenge now is how to make high-quality ECCE universal so that it reaches the children who need it most. Young Lives research tracking individual children in India, Ethiopia and Pe...

  12. Ethnobotany of the Monpa ethnic group at Arunachal Pradesh, India

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    Tangjang Sumpam

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The present paper documents the uses of plants in traditional herbal medicine for human and veterinary ailments, and those used for dietary supplements, religious purpose, local beverage, and plants used to poison fish and wild animals. Traditional botanical medicine is the primary mode of healthcare for most of the rural population in Arunachal Pradesh. Materials and methods Field research was conducted between April 2006 and March 2009 with randomly selected 124 key informants using semi-structured questionnaire. The data obtained was analyzed through informant consensus factor (FIC to determine the homogeneity of informant's knowledge on medicinal plants. Results We documented 50 plants species belonging to 29 families used for treating 22 human and 4 veterinary ailments. Of the medicinal plants reported, the most common growth form was herbs (40% followed by shrubs, trees, and climbers. Leaves were most frequently used plant parts. The consensus analysis revealed that the dermatological ailments have the highest FIC (0.56 and the gastro-intestinal diseases have FIC (0.43. FIC values indicated that there was high agreement in the use of plants in dermatological and gastro-intestinal ailments category among the users. Gymnocladus assamicus is a critically rare and endangered species used as disinfectant for cleaning wounds and parasites like leeches and lice on livestocks. Two plant species (Illicium griffithii and Rubia cordifolia are commonly used for traditional dyeing of clothes and food items. Some of the edible plants recorded in this study were known for their treatment against high blood pressure (Clerodendron colebrookianum, diabetes mellitus (Momordica charantia, and intestinal parasitic worms like round and tape worms (Lindera neesiana, Solanum etiopicum, and Solanum indicum. The Monpas of Arunachal Pradesh have traditionally been using Daphne papyracea for preparing hand-made paper for painting and writing

  13. Incidence of agenesis of palmaris longus in the Andhra population of India

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    K Devi Sankar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : The knowledge of Palmaris longus (PL is a growing interest for its wide role in reconstructive plastic surgeries as a donor tendon for transfer or transplant. The prevalence of the PL agenesis has been well-documented by many authors in different ethnic groups or populations. Many conventional tests for determining the presence of the PL has been described, but lamentably there are many discrepancies in confirming its presence or absence. Slight modifications of the prevailing methods can still give authenticate results. Aim : This prospective study was conducted to determine the incidence of unilateral and bilateral agenesis of PL and its association with sex and side of the limb in the Andhra population of India. Materials and Methods : A total of 942 subjects of both sexes belonging to 18-23 years were used to access the PL using various tendon examination techniques including our modified Schaeffer′s test. The data collected were analyzed by Pearsons χ2 test using SPSS software. Results : Overall agenesis of muscle in both sexes was 264 (28.0%, out of which 40.2% was seen in females and 14.7% in males with the ratio of 3:1. The unilateral agenesis was seen in 70.5% and bilateral agenesis in 29.5% subjects. The left side agenesis was seen in 51.6% and right side in 48.4% subjects. Conclusions : The prevalence of bilateral and unilateral agenesis was more common on left side with a greater likelihood in the female subjects. The proposed technique could bring better results in all subjects and can be implemented in manual examination of PL.

  14. Avifauna of Surajpur Wetland, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

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    Nasim Ahmad Ansari

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The present communication highlights the significant record of avifauna of the Surajpur Wetland, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh and forms the first record of its kind.  The study was conducted during March 2010 to February 2013.  During the study period, a total of 186 bird species belonging to 44 families were recorded.  Of these 59% (n=109 were residents, 27% (n=51 were winter migrants, 13% (n=25 were summer migrants and only one percent (n=1 were passage migrants.  Based on the frequency of sightings, 46% (n=85 bird species were common, 26% (n=49 fairly common, 17% (n=32 uncommon and 11% (n=20 rare.  The mosaic of habitat types within the wetland serves as an ideal refuge for avifauna.  Also the wetland holds potential of being developed into a green area in the Delhi-NCR region; management intervention needs to be concentrated towards this objective. 

  15. Comparative Survey of Entomophagy and Entomotherapeutic Practices in Six Tribes of Eastern Arunachal Pradesh (India)

    OpenAIRE

    Chakravorty, Jharna; Ghosh, Sampat; Meyer-Rochow, V Benno

    2013-01-01

    A consolidated list of edible insects used in the eastern part of Arunachal Pradesh (N.E. India) by Wangcho (Wancho) and Nocte tribes of the Tirap District and the Shingpo, Tangsa, Deori and Chakma of the Changlang District has been prepared. The list is based on thorough, semi-structured field-interviews with 20 informants of each tribal group. At least 51 insect species, belonging to 9 orders were considered edible. The largest number of the edible species belonged to the Coleoptera (14), f...

  16. Community Participation in Improving Enrollment, Retention and Quality of Elementary Education: A Case Study of Andhra Pradesh

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    P.A. Reddy

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Government of India from time to time has conceived and implemented a number of programmes for improving the access and quality of elementary education. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is one such an effort. One of the major interventions of the programme is the community participation in management of elementary education. The present study was conceived to study the extent of participation of the community and areas of participation with the objective to identify the sections of the community participating in the management of the schools, awareness possessed by them in academic and non-academic activities such as grants received, resources and their role in enrollment, retention and reenrollment of the dropouts, measures taken to regularize the students and teachers, extent of monitoring of mid-day-meals, mainstreaming of the differently abled and the problems encountered by them in managing the schools. Sample of the study constitutes Head teachers (300, Academic monitoring Committee members (900, educated youth/community members (600 and their opinions towards the contribution and participation of community in enrollment, retention of the children in the schools and also their role in the school activities.

  17. Estimating the burden of malaria in pregnancy: a case study from rural Madhya Pradesh, India

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    Thimasarn Krongthong

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria in pregnancy (MiP is inadequately researched in India, and the burden is probably much higher than current estimates suggest. This paper models the burden of MiP and associated foetal losses and maternal deaths, in rural Madhya Pradesh, India. Methods Number of pregnancies per year was estimated from the number of births and an estimate of pregnancies that end in foetal loss. The prevalence of MiP, risk of foetal loss attributable to MiP and case fatality rate of MiP were obtained from the literature. The estimated total number of pregnancies was multiplied by the appropriate parameter to estimate the number of MiP cases, and foetal loss and maternal deaths attributable to MiP per year. A Monte Carlo simulation sensitivity analysis was done to assess plausibility of various estimates obtained from the literature. The burden of MiP in tribal women was explored by incorporating the variable prevalence of malaria in tribal and non-tribal populations and in forested and non-forested regions within Madhya Pradesh. Results Estimates of MiP cases in rural Madhya Pradesh based on the model parameter values found in the literature ranged from 183,000–1.5 million per year, with 73,000–629,000 lost foetuses and 1,500–12,600 maternal deaths attributable to MiP. The Monte Carlo simulation gave a more plausible estimate of 220,000 MiP cases per year (inter-quartile range (IQR: 136,000–305,000, 95,800 lost foetuses (IQR: 56,800–147,600 and 1,000 maternal deaths (IQR: 650–1,600. Tribal women living in forested areas bore 30% of the burden of MiP in Madhya Pradesh, while constituting 18% of the population. Conclusion Although the estimates are uncertain, they suggest MiP is a significant public health problem in rural Madhya Pradesh, affecting many thousands of women and that reducing the MiP burden should be a priority.

  18. The ICT Laboratory: An Analysis of Computers in Public High Schools in Rural India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Payal

    2007-01-01

    There has been a strong push towards e-literacy in India, particularly in the distribution and usage of information and communication technologies (ICT) in schools for economic and social growth. As a result, the Vidhya Vahini scheme was launched in Kuppam, a marginalized village constituency in Andhra Pradesh. This scheme strived to disseminate…

  19. Constraints and Suggestions in Adopting Seasonal Climate Forecasts by Farmers in South India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shankar, K. Ravi; Nagasree, K.; Venkateswarlu, B.; Maraty, Pochaiah

    2011-01-01

    The main objective of this study was to determine constraints and suggestions of farmers towards adopting seasonal climate forecasts. It addresses the question: Which forms of providing forecasts will be helpful to farmers in agricultural decision making? For the study, farmers were selected from Andhra Pradesh state of South India. One hundred…

  20. Glof Study in Tawang River Basin, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panda, R.; Padhee, S. K.; Dutta, S.

    2014-11-01

    Glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) is one of the major unexpected hazards in the high mountain regions susceptible to climate change. The Tawang river basin in Arunachal Pradesh is an unexplored region in the Eastern Himalayas, which is impending to produce several upcoming hydro-electric projects (HEP). The main source of the river system is the snow melt in the Eastern Himalayas, which is composed of several lakes located at the snout of the glacier dammed by the lateral or end moraine. These lakes might prove as potential threat to the future scenario as they have a tendency to produce flash flood with large quantity of sediment load during outbursts. This study provides a methodology to detect the potential lakes as a danger to the HEP sites in the basin, followed by quantification of volume of discharge from the potential lake and prediction of hydrograph at the lake site. The remote location of present lakes induced the use of remote sensing data, which was fulfilled by Landsat-8 satellite imagery with least cloud coverage. Suitable reflectance bands on the basis of spectral responses were used to produce informational layers (NDWI, Potential snow cover map, supervised classification map) in GIS environment for discriminating different land features. The product obtained from vector overlay operation of these layers; representing possible water area, was further utilized in combination with Google earth to identify the lakes within the watershed. Finally those identified lakes were detected as potentially dangerous lakes based on the criteria of elevation, area, proximity from streamline, slope and volume of water held. HEC-RAS simulation model was used with cross sections from Google Earth and field survey as input to simulate dam break like situation; hydrodynamic channel routing of the outburst hydrograph along river reach was carried out to get the GLOF hydrograph at the project sites. It was concluded from the results that, the assessed GLOF would be a

  1. Prevalence of keratinophilic fungi in usar soils of Uttar Pradesh, India

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    Sunil Kumar Deshmukh

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Alkaline soils commonly called as Usar soil having pH 7.5 to 11.0 is commonly found in regions having poor drainage and little percolation. These soils occupy vast tracts of barren lands in the northern parts of India. These areas are frequently visited by man and animals, however there are no reports on the occurrence of keratinophilic fungi from the Usar soils. The purpose of this research was to study the occurrence of keratinophilic fungi in the alkaline Usar soil. To investigate the occurrence of soil keratinophilic fungi from Usar soil, 120 samples were collected from five districts of Uttar Pradesh viz. Lucknow, Bareilly, Azamgarh, Balia and Pratapgarh. Keratinophilic fungi were isolated by the hair baiting techniques using human hair as keratin bait. The cultures were identified using macro- and micro morphological features. Eighty-tow strains of keratinophilic fungi were recovered from 120 (68.33% soil samples. The isolated fungi were composed of ten species of five genera viz. Chrysosporium indicum (19.16%, Microsporum gypseum (12.5%, Chrysosporium tropicum (10.0%, Chrysosporium pannicola (7.5%, Trichophyton terrestre (5.83%, Chrysosporium lucknowense (4.16%, Chrysosporium state of Ctenomyces serratus (3.33%, Gymnascella dankailensis (3.33%, Gymnoascus reessii (1.66 % and Trichophyton mentagrophytes (1.66 %. The presence of keratinophilic fungi in the Usar soils of Uttar Pradesh, India indicates that these fungi do occur at higher alkalinity.

  2. Maternal Healthcare Providers in Uttar Pradesh, India: How to Position Informal Practitioners within the System?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Chesta; Mukherjee, Kanchan

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To understand the knowledge and services of informal providers and to explore their role in addressing the human resource gap in Uttar Pradesh, India, within the context of maternal health. Materials and methods: The study is exploratory in nature, conducted in four blocks of four districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 114 informal providers. Results: More than one-third (38%) providers have some formal education and unrecognized degrees. Approximately three-fourths (74%) of them have more than 5 years of work experience. They also provide delivery and in-patient services and have basic equipment available. However, they lack essential knowledge about maternal health. They have mixed opinion about their contribution towards maternal health but the only ones available. Therefore, despite lacking requisite knowledge, training and services, they become indispensable due to lack of emergency and timely public health services, and being the only ones existing in the community. Conclusion: Informal sector practitioners are a critical link in reaching out to population for health services in developing countries. As opposed to the general notion, they possess years of formal education, experience, informal trainings along with trust of communities. Thus, it becomes important to accept their presence and manage them to the best of their abilities even for specialized care like maternal health. PMID:25530771

  3. EVALUATION OF MULTI DRUG RESISTANCE TUBERCULOSIS IN JABALPUR DISTRICT OF MADHYA PRADESH PROVINCE OF INDIA

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    Jitendra

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The disease of Tuberculosis (TB is considered as old as history of mankind. Its eradication has remained an elusive dream for all governments and health care agencies. The emergence of the problem of Multi Drug Resistance strains of TB bacilli has compounded the misery, especially in developing countries. India has the highest burden of TB in the world, an estimated 2 million cases annually, and accounting for approximately one fifth of the global incidence. It is estimated that about 40% of the Indian population is infected with TB bacteria, the vast majority of whom have latent rather than active TB disease. It is also estimated by the World Health Organization (WHO that 300, 000 people die from TB each year in India. Drug resistant TB has frequently been encountered in India and its presence has been known virtually from the time anti TB drugs were introduced for the treatment of TB. The prevalence of multi drug resistant (MDR TB has though been believed to be at a low level in most regions of the country. Various studies have found MDR TB levels of about 3% in new cases and around 12-17% in retreatment cases. However even if there is such a small percentage of cases it still translates in India into large absolute numbers. The present study was thus taken to evaluate the MDR Tuberculosis in and around Jabalpur District of Madhya Pradesh Province of India.

  4. Molestation, Sexual Abuse and Violence against Women in India: An Overview of Crime Cases in Himachal Pradesh

    OpenAIRE

    Bhardwaj, Dr Bhawana

    2014-01-01

    Violence against women is the most prevalent expression of gender-based discrimination. The International developments of a country have been mirrored and assessed by efforts at the national level. Nearly all countries have taken steps to tackle violence, through specific legal frameworks, institutions and policies etc. India is no exception. This paper throws a light on incidence of Violence against women in India. Also the cases of Himachal Pradesh are highlighted to study comparative posit...

  5. Description of two new species of Tetracneminae Howard (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) from India with key to the species

    OpenAIRE

    Tirunagaru Krishnachaitanya; Sagadai Manickavasagam

    2016-01-01

    Two new species of Tetracneminae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Encyrtidae) are described from the material collected from Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu states of India. They are: Charitopus montibus sp. nov. and Eotopus elongare sp. nov. A key to the Indian species of both genera is provided.

  6. A checklist of the Long-horned Beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae of Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India with several new reports

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    M. M. Kumawat

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Northeastern India is one of the hot spots of mega biodiversity of the world.  The collections of cerambycid beetles were made from the forest region of Arunachal Pradesh, India during 2008–2013.  A total of 49 species of cerambycids were collected during the survey, belonging to three subfamilies and a checklist of all the species is provided.  Taxonomic synonyms, bibiliography alongwith new distribution and list of host plants of the region are included.  Rhytidodera griseofasciata is reported for the first time from India, besides seven other species, viz., Nupserha nigriceps, Pterolophia (Hylobrotus tuberculatrix, Neocerambyx grandis, Olenecamptus indianus, Obereopsis obscura obscura, Aristobia reticulator, and Sarothrocera lowii are being reported from Arunachal Pradesh for the first time. 

  7. Assessment of prevalence of tobacco consumption among psychiatric inmates residing in Central Jail, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India: A cross-sectional survey

    OpenAIRE

    Nilesh Arjun Torwane; Sudhir Hongal; R N Sahu; Vrinda Saxena; B. R. Chandrashekhar

    2013-01-01

    Aim: The aim of the current cross-sectional study was to assess the prevalence of tobacco consumption among psychiatric jail patients residing in Central Jail, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. Materials and Methods: The study subjects consisted of prediagnosed psychiatric patients residing in Central Jail, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. A matched control consisting of cross-section of the population, that is, jail inmates residing in the same Central Jail locality was also assessed to compare t...

  8. Diversity of some fauna in National Chambal Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh, India

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    PREMANAND KALKRISHANA MESHRAM

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Meshram PM (2010 Diversity of some fauna in National Chambal Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh, India. Biodiversitas 11: 211-215. National Chambal Sanctuary (NCS gives very good account of avifauna. It over emphasizes significant and important birds species available which are of National and International importance. Crocodiles use sand banks for nesting and basking. Fauna in the NCS is very much influenced by various factors like habitat suitability and protection of their habitats. Their distribution is depending on availability of deep water pools. Another important factors on which distribution of animals depends long stretches of long sand banks. Sloppy to steep sand bank with loose soil were good habitats for nesting of crocodiles, turtles and birds. NCS areas were considerably altered and there were disturbance by the sand miners, poachers, fishermen and farmers. Consequently the poor survival is recommended to greater protection by management practices. Effective co-operations between the Forest Department of Madhya Pradesh and neighbouring states were needed as sand mining and poaching becomes an interstate problem. Thus, strategic location of this site in the migratory route of water birds enhances its importance as a significant water bird habitat. In the present study diversity of some fauna in NCS is discussed.

  9. Reading the Water Table: The Interaction between Literacy Practices and Groundwater Management Training in Preparing Farmers for Climate Change in South India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavva, Konda Reddy; Smith, Cristine A.

    2012-01-01

    This article focuses on farmers' use of literacy for individual decision-making on crop-water management and crop choices and investigates how farmer participants perceive the usefulness of Farmer Water School (FWS) training. It draws upon a study conducted with farmers of Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh, India. This study has demonstrated that…

  10. Assessment of groundwater quality and pollution potential of Jawa Block Rewa District, Madhya Pradesh, India

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    R.N. Tiwari

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals an assessment of groundwater quality and pollution potcntial of Jawa block, Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh India. Geologically, the area is occupied by shale and sandstone of Rewa Group, Vindhyan Supergroup. Interpretation of analytical data shows Ca-Mg-HCO3 and Ca-Mg-SO4-Cl facies. The chemical parameters- hardness, sulphate and total dissolved solid exceed the desirable limit in few locations which should be use for drinking after some chemical treatments. The higher concentration of nitrate may be due to excessive use of fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides. The fluoride is generally within permissible limit with few exceptions. The computed DRASTIC Index suggests intermediate to high pollution susceptibility. The interpretation on the basis of available data shown that the groundwater of the area was more or less fit for drinking.

  11. Sustainability of integrated leprosy services in rural India: perceptions of community leaders in Uttar Pradesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raju, M S; Rao, P S S

    2011-01-01

    As part of a community-based action research to reduce leprosy stigma, village committees were formed in 3 hyper endemic states of India. From a total of 10 village committees with nearly 200 members from Uttar Pradesh, a systematic random sample of 69 men and 23 women were interviewed in-depth regarding their views on sustainability of integrated leprosy services, as currently adopted. Their recommendations were also sought for further enhancement. Percentages were computed and compared for statistical significance using the z-normal test. The findings show that less than 50% of the respondents were confident that the present trend in voluntary early reporting for MDT and management of complications was adequate to sustain the integrated leprosy services. There were no differences by men or women members and they felt that lack of proper facilities, training and orientation of staff are most influencing factors. Many suggestions were given for improving the sustainability. PMID:21972661

  12. Disjunctive Grade Variation from Greenschist to Granulite Facies, Siyom Valley, Eastern Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, G. L.; Bhowmik, S. K.; Aitchison, J. C.; Ireland, T. R.

    2014-12-01

    The Siyom Valley section in eastern Arunachal Pradesh exposes an inverted metamorphic succession (Nandini & Thakur, 2011), metapelitic assemblages increasing in grade northwards from chlorite, through biotite, garnet-staurolite and kyanite-bearing schist to kyanite-sillimanite migmatite. Grade changes are mostly controlled by shallowly north, and northwest-dipping fault structures. Two textural stages of garnet growth can be identified in the ilmenite-bearing amphibolite facies rocks, staurolite having formed late in, or after, deformation responsible for the main penetrative foliation (S2). Kyanite and rutile inclusions in garnet indicate that their growth in migmatite preceded that of matrix sillimanite, ilmenite and cordierite, though unrecrystallized kyanite is also common in the feldspathic matrix. Preliminary data indicate the pronounced tectonic thinning of metasedimentary protoliths during exhumation, and the probability of a pronounced step in grade in the middle part of the river section. Similarities with sections in the Sikkim (Dasgupta et al., 2004) and western Arunachal Pradesh (Goswami et al., 2009) Himalaya reflect the lateral continuity of the south-vergent thrusts that controlled the exhumation of the high-grade rocks, with debate concerning the location and significance of the Main Central Thrust zone begging protolith and metamorphic age data. Dasgupta, S.,Ganguly, J. & Neogi, S., 2004. Inverted metamorphic sequence in the Sikkim Himalayas: crystallization history, P-T gradient and implications. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 22, 395-412. Goswami, S., Bhowmik, S.K. & Dasgupta, S., 2009. Petrology of a non-classical Barrovian inverted metamorphic sequence from the western Arunachal Himalaya, India. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 36, 390-406. Nandini, P. & Thakur, S.S., 2011. Metamorphic evolution of the Lesser Himalayan Crystalline Sequence, Siyom Valley, NE Himalaya, India. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 40, 1089-1100

  13. Fighting malaria in Madhya Pradesh (Central India: Are we loosing the battle?

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    Thimasarn Krongthong

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Malaria control in Madhya Pradesh is complex because of vast tracts of forest with tribal settlement. Fifty four million individuals of various ethnic origins, accounting for 8% of the total population of India, contributed 30% of total malaria cases, 60% of total falciparum cases and 50% of malaria deaths in the country. Ambitious goals to control tribal malaria by launching "Enhanced Malaria Control Project" (EMCP by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP, with the World Bank assistance, became effective in September 1997 in eight north Indian states. Under EMCP, the programme used a broader mix of new interventions, i.e. insecticide-treated bed nets, spraying houses with effective residual insecticides, use of larvivorous fishes, rapid diagnostic tests for prompt diagnosis, treatment of the sick with effective radical treatment and increased public awareness and IEC. However, the challenge is to scale up these services. A retrospective analysis of data on malaria morbidity and associated mortality reported under the existing surveillance system of the Madhya Pradesh (Central India for the years 1996–2007 was carried out to determine the impact of EMCP on malaria morbidity and associated mortality. Analysis revealed that despite the availability of effective intervention tools for the prevention and control of malaria, falciparum malaria remains uncontrolled and deaths due to malaria have increased. Precisely, the aim of this epidemiological analysis is to draw lessons applicable to all international aid efforts, bureaucracy, policy makers and programme managers in assessing its project performance as a new Global Malaria Action Plan is launched with ambitious goal of reducing malaria and its elimination by scaling up the use of existing tools.

  14. The effect of mobility on sexual risk behaviour and HIV infection: a cross-sectional study of men who have sex with men in southern India

    OpenAIRE

    Ramesh, Sowmya; Mehrotra, Purnima; Mahapatra, Bidhubhusan; Ganju, Deepika; Nagarajan, Karikalan; Saggurti, Niranjan

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Mobility is an important factor contributing to the spread of HIV among key population at risk for HIV; however, research linking this relationship among men who have sex men (MSM) is scarce in India. This study examines the association between mobility and sexual risk behaviour and HIV infection among MSM in southern India. Methods Data are drawn from a cross-sectional biobehavioural survey of 1608 self-identified MSM from four districts of Andhra Pradesh in India, recruited throu...

  15. The Satisfied Poor: Evidence from South India

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Neff

    2009-01-01

    The paper explores the extent to which people adapt to their deprived living conditions and what kind of form adaptation processes take. The study combines quantitative and qualitative information drawing back on survey data and case studies from two villages in Andhra Pradesh, India. One of the contributions of the paper is that two distinct adaptation processes in the context of poverty are identified, namely resignation and optimism.

  16. Dimensions of nutritional vulnerability: Assessment of women and children in Sahariya tribal community of Madhya Pradesh in India

    OpenAIRE

    Suparna Ghosh-Jerath; Anita Singh; Aruna Bhattacharya; Shomik Ray; Shariqua Yunus; Zodpey, Sanjay P

    2013-01-01

    Background: Tribal communities are "at risk" of undernutrition due to geographical isolation and suboptimal utilization of health services. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the nutritional status of Sahariya tribes of Madhya Pradesh (MP), India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in villages inhabited by Sahariya tribal community (specifically women in reproductive age group and children under 5 years) in three districts of MP. Dietary surveys, a...

  17. Vertebrates used for medicinal purposes by members of the Nyishi and Galo tribes in Arunachal Pradesh (North-East India)

    OpenAIRE

    Meyer-Rochow V; Chakravorty Jharna; Ghosh Sampat

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Arunachal Pradesh, the easternmost part of India, is endowed with diverse natural resources and inhabited by a variety of ethnic groups that have developed skills to exploit the biotic resources of the region for food and medicines. Information on animals and animal parts as components of folk remedies used by local healers and village headmen of the Nyishi and Galo tribes in their respective West Siang and Subansiri districts were obtained through interviews and structured questionn...

  18. Water Quality Assessment Using Physico-Chemical Parameters and Heavy Metals of Gobind Sagar Lake, Himachal Pradesh (India)

    OpenAIRE

    Vandana Sharma; Yogesh Kumar Walia

    2015-01-01

    Today the environment has become harmful for the health of living organisms due to excessive pollution and contamination of natural resources. The present investigation has been carried out with the objective to assess the water quality of the Gobind Sagar Lake, Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh (India) using physico-chemical parameters with heavy metals of the lake. For this study, three sampling sites were identified and samples from different sites were collected in summer season and important p...

  19. An external evaluation of the Diarrhea Alleviation through Zinc and ORS Treatment (DAZT) program in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Laura M. Lamberti; Sunita Taneja; Sarmila Mazumder; Amnesty LeFevre; Robert E. Black; Fischer Walker, Christa L.

    2015-01-01

    Background To address inadequate coverage of oral rehydration salts (ORS) and zinc supplements for the treatment of diarrhea among children under–five, the Diarrhea Alleviation through Zinc and ORS Treatment (DAZT) program was carried out from 2011–2013 in Gujarat and from 2011–2014 in Uttar Pradesh (UP), India. The program focused on improving the diarrhea treatment practices of public and private sector providers. Methods We conducted cross–sectional household surveys in program districts a...

  20. Evaluating dental awareness and periodontal health status in different socioeconomic groups in the population of Sundernagar, Himachal Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Gautam, D. K.; Vikas, J.; Amrinder, T.; Rambhika, T.; Bhanu, K.

    2012-01-01

    Context: Survey. Aims: To evaluate dental awareness and periodontal health status in different socioeconomic groups in the population of Sundernagar, Himachal Pradesh, India. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional study. Malerials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 300 patients with different socioeconomic status who visited Himachal Dental College, Sundernagar, and Dental OPD of the Civil Hospital, Sundernagar. Mouth mirror, CPI probe, and illuminated light source were us...

  1. Dengue Outbreak in a Hilly State of Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siraj A. Khan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dengue has been reported from plains as well as hilly regions of India including some parts of Northeast India. In July-August 2012, outbreak of fever with unknown origin (FUO indicative of Dengue was reported in Pasighat, East Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh (AP state. Serum samples (n = 164 collected from patients from Health Training and Research Centre General Hospital, Pasighat, were tested for NS1 antigen and IgM antibodies. NS1-positive samples were analyzed by RT-PCR assay and entomological surveys were carried out. The majority of suspected cases reported NS1 antigen positivity. Females and young adults were mostly affected. The majority of the amplified NS1-positive samples showed Dengue serotype 3 infection. Aedes (Stegomyia albopictus, known as semiurban breeding mosquitoes, was the only potential vector species identified from the affected areas of Pasighat which single handedly contributed to the outbreak. Thus, the present work identifies Dengue as an emerging arboviral infection in hilly state of AP along with a looming risk of its spread to neighbouring areas.

  2. Water Quality Assessment of River Beas During Winter Season in Himachal Pradesh, India.

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    Suman Sharma

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Present investigation was carried out in 256 km stretch of river Beas in Himachal Pradesh for analysis of important physical, chemical and biological water quality parameters during winter season. Parameters such as temperature, pH, conductivity, turbidity, alkalinity, total dissolved solids (TDS, total hardness, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, cadmium, copper, iron, lead, chloride, fluoride, nitrate, biological oxygen demand (BOD, chemical oxygen demand (COD, Colliform and Escherichia coli were analyzed from six sampling stations i.e. Beaskund , Shamshi, Pandohdam, Dharampur, Nadaun and Pongdam in the study area. The analysis of data reveals that turbidity, cadmium and lead, were found to be higher than the acceptable limit prescribed by Bureau of Indian standards (BIS, 2012 for drinking water in India. Colliform and E.coli were present in all the sampling stations of river Beas except at SS-1 and SS-2. All the other physicochemical parameters excepting pH at SS-5 (8.98±0.057 were within the limit prescribed by World Health Organization (WHO, 2011 and BIS, 2012 for drinking water in India.

  3. TRENDS IN AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF GROUNDNUT CROP IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    K. Sivaiah

    2015-01-01

    India is the largest producer of oilseeds in the world and oilseed sector occupies an important position Iin the agricultural economy of the country. India ranks first in the production of groundnut, second in rapeseed-mustard, and fifth in soyabean. In the present study, an attempt has been made to know the trends in area, production and productivity of Groundnut in Andhra Pradesh State and Chittoor district. Compound growth rates of area, production and productivity were estimated by app...

  4. An Implementation Research Approach to Evaluating Health Insurance Programs: Insights from India

    OpenAIRE

    Krishna D Rao; Srikant Nagulapalli; Radhika Arora; Mallela Madhavi; Elin Andersson; Marie-Gloriose Ingabire

    2016-01-01

    One of the distinguishing features of implementation research is the importance given to involve implementers in all aspects of research, and as users of research. We report on a recent implementation research effort in India, in which researchers worked together with program implementers from one of the longest serving government funded insurance schemes in India, the Rajiv Aarogyasri Scheme (RAS) in the state of undivided Andhra Pradesh, that covers around 70 million people. This paper aims...

  5. POWERPOINT PRESENTATION VS BLACKBOARD TEACHING: A COMPARATIVE STUDY AND EVALUATION IN GOVERNMENT MEDICAL COLLEGE, ANANTHAPURAMU, ANDHRA PRADESH FOR II M.B.B.S STUDENTS: A QUESTIONNAIRE BASED STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramachandrudu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Chalk talk lecture is the oldest and most commonly used teaching technique. However, it is also common to use PowerPoint presentations after the introduction of digitalized teaching in medical colleges. This study is done to compare effectiveness of PowerPoint lecture with Conventional chalk talk lecture. AIM This study is designed to determine effectiveness of Chalk Talk Teaching vs. PowerPoint Teaching in medical education. METHODS This study was done on three successive batches of II M.B.B.S students from the year August 2013–December 2015 (Total 300 students in Government Medical College, Ananthapuramu, Andhra Pradesh, after getting approved by Institutional Ethical committee and informed consent from the students. During regular Pharmacology Lectures, the students were divided into 2 classes. One class (150 had a chalk talk lecture, while the other class (150 had PowerPoint lecture. At the end of each lecture, a questionnaire (Containing 10 open ended Questions is given to all the students of the class. STATISTICS Descriptive statistics was used to analyse data and results were expressed in terms of percentage. RESULTS Students of both the groups answered questions related to memory and calculations well. However, the students of PowerPoint group answered in a better way to questions related to “Understanding and memorizing.” In this study, 85% of the students preferred PowerPoint and only 15% preferred conventional chalk talk.

  6. Non-Disclosure of Violence among Female Sex Workers: Evidence from a Large Scale Cross-Sectional Survey in India

    OpenAIRE

    Mahapatra, Bidhubhusan; Battala, Madhusudana; Porwal, Akash; Saggurti, Niranjan

    2014-01-01

    Objective One of the indicators critical to the success of violence reduction programmes among female sex workers (FSWs) is the pattern of disclosure of violence. This study examines the rate of non-disclosure of violence among FSWs in India by perpetrators of violence and programme exposure. Methods Data were drawn from a cross-sectional study conducted among FSWs in 2009 across four states of India: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. The analytical sample included 1341 F...

  7. Winter ecology of the Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala in Pangchen Valley, western Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendiratta, Uttara; Kumar, Ajith; Mishra, Charudutt; Sinha, Anindya

    2009-11-01

    The newly described Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala occurs largely in sub-tropical to temperate environments at elevations of c. 1,800-3,000 m in Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India. We studied its over-wintering strategy by comparing the diet, ranging, and behavior of a troop of 24 individuals during winter and spring (December 2005 to May 2006) through instantaneous scan sampling (3,002 records, 448 scans, 112 hr of observation). We also monitored the phenology of food plants. The macaques spent more time (41-66%) feeding in the winter than in spring (33-51%), whereas time spent moving and resting was greater in spring. The diet composed largely of plants, with animal matter being eaten rarely. The number of plant species in the diet increased from 18 to 25 whereas food types rose from 18 to 36 from winter to spring, respectively. Although only two species formed 75% of the winter diet, seven species comprised this proportion in spring. Availability of fruits and young leaves increased in spring; the troop moved more and utilized a larger part of its range during this time. Seasonal changes in behavior could be explained by the scarcity of food and the costs of thermoregulation in winter. Our study suggests that the Arunachal macaque inhabits a highly seasonal environment and has an over-wintering strategy that includes subsisting on a high-fiber diet by increasing the time spent feeding, and minimizing energy expenditure by reducing the time spent moving. PMID:19655365

  8. Limnology and cyanobacterial diversity of high altitude lakes of Lahaul-Spiti in Himachal Pradesh, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Y Singh; J I S Khattar; D P Singh; P Rahi; A Gulati

    2014-09-01

    Limnological data of four high altitude lakes from the cold desert region of Himachal Pradesh, India, has been correlated with cyanobacterial diversity. Physico-chemical characteristics and nutrient contents of the studied lakes revealed that Sissu Lake is mesotrophic while Chandra Tal, Suraj Tal and Deepak Tal are ultra-oligotrophic. Based on morphology and 16S rRNA gene sequence, a total of 20 cyanobacterial species belonging to 11 genera were identified. Canonical correspondence analysis distinguished three groups of species with respect to their occurrence and nutrient/physical environment demand. The first group, which included Nostoc linckia, N. punctiforme, Nodularia sphaerocarpa, Geitlerinema acutissimum, Limnothrix redekii, Planktothrix agardhii and Plank. clathrata, was characteristic of water with high nutrient content and high temperature. The second group, including Gloeocapsopsis pleurocapsoides, Leptolyngbya antarctica, L. frigida, Pseudanabaena frigida and N. spongiaeforme, occurred in oligotrophic water with high pH and low temperature. The distribution of third group of Cyanobium parvum, Synechocystis pevalekii, L. benthonica, L. foveolarum, L. lurida, L. valderiana, Phormidium autumnale and P. chalybeum could not be associated with a particular environmental condition because of their presence in all sampling sites.

  9. Periodontal status of Tibetan refugees residing in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

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    Poonam Mahajan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Oral health is an integral part of the general health, however, oral health has been given lower priority than other health problems especially among the underprivileged refugee population. Out of total refugees in the world, 70% of the refugees belong to Tibet. This study was taken up to assess the periodontal status and treatment needs of Tibetans residing in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India and to explore and suggest better oral health care delivery to them. Materials and Methods: Tibetans above the age of 12 years were included in this cross-sectional study. American Dental Association (ADA Type-3 examination was conducted. Data regarding demography and oral health practices was recorded on a structured format. For recording periodontal status and treatment need index was used. The data was analyzed using the SPSS statistical software. Results: A total of 550 subjects were examined for CPITN. Maximum subjects 266 (48.3% had a CPITN score of 2 (Calculus and other plaque retentive factors. 27% (149 subjects had healthy peridontium. Female periodontal status was worse than males. It was also found that mean number of healthy sextants was higher in subjects who brush twice a day (3.5 when compared to those who brush once a day (2.4. Conclusion: The study revealed poor periodontal status among Tibetans and dental treatment requirement steadily increased with the advancement of age and was also related to other factors like poverty, education, and their tough life where oral health is given no priority.

  10. Comparative survey of entomophagy and entomotherapeutic practices in six tribes of eastern Arunachal Pradesh (India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakravorty, Jharna; Ghosh, Sampat; Meyer-Rochow, V Benno

    2013-01-01

    A consolidated list of edible insects used in the eastern part of Arunachal Pradesh (N.E. India) by Wangcho (Wancho) and Nocte tribes of the Tirap District and the Shingpo, Tangsa, Deori and Chakma of the Changlang District has been prepared. The list is based on thorough, semi-structured field-interviews with 20 informants of each tribal group. At least 51 insect species, belonging to 9 orders were considered edible. The largest number of the edible species belonged to the Coleoptera (14), followed by 10 each of the Orthoptera and Hymenoptera, 9 of the Hemiptera, 3 Lepidoptera, 2 Isoptera and one each of Ephemeroptera, Odonata and Mantodea. As far as therapeutic uses of insects are concerned, 4 species (Hemiptera) were mentioned by the Wangcho (Wancho). Food insects are chosen by members of the various tribes according to traditional beliefs, taste, regional and seasonal availability of the insects. Depending on the species, only certain, but sometimes all, developmental stages are consumed. Preparation of the food insects for consumption involves mainly roasting or boiling. With the degradation of natural resources, habitat loss, rapid population growth, and increasing 'westernization' , the traditional wisdom of North-East Indian tribals related to insect uses is at risk of being lost. PMID:23866996

  11. Prevalence of dental fluorosis among school children residing in Kanpur City, Uttar Pradesh, India

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    Ashish Bhalla

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective was to find the prevalence of dental fluorosis among school children residing in Kanpur city, Uttar Pradesh India. Materials and Methods: A total of 1343 school children, residing in the city since childhood and consuming the groundwater, in the age group of 7-17 years was selected from various schools. Schools were selected from all four directions of the city. Children were categorized in five age groups and were examined for dental fluorosis. Dean′s criteria for assessment of dental fluorosis were used, and observations were recorded on a study specific performa. Results: Among the 1343 children examined, 243 (18% were found to be having dental fluorosis, among which number of males (131 was more than females (112. Among the different grades of fluorosis observed, mild dental fluorosis was observed in most of the cases (158. It was observed that the southern part of the city had a maximum number of cases of dental fluorosis. Conclusion: It was evident from the results that the city had a good number of cases of dental fluorosis and that the groundwater in certain areas had more than normal quantity of fluoride. Since this study was the first attempt in this area, more studies can be undertaken to substantiate our findings.

  12. Couple Interaction and Predicting Vulnerability to Domestic Violence in Uttar Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Brijesh P; Singh, Kaushalendra K; Singh, Neha

    2014-02-10

    Domestic violence, when conducted against women, is a type of gender-based violence that negatively impacts a woman's physical and psychological health, causing insecurity, lack of safety, and loss of health and self-worth. Domestic violence is an important consideration for sexual, reproductive, and child health, as it can affect contraceptive behaviors of couples as well as levels of infant mortality. In the present analysis, an attempt has been made to study the relationship between women's experience of domestic violence and couple interaction after controlling for certain socioeconomic and demographic variables using logistic regression. This study looks at data from the National Family Health Survey-III conducted from 2005 to 2006 in Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. Findings reveal that 43% of women suffer from domestic violence in the society as a whole; however, if a couple makes joint decisions in household matters, the prevalence of domestic violence is observed to be 24% less. Education and occupation of women, standard of living, media exposure, and partner's alcoholic behaviors are also found to be possible predictors of domestic violence. PMID:24518665

  13. How the local community views wildlife conservation: a case of Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India

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    Mohd. Shahnawaz Khan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available A study was conducted to assess the local community’s attitudes towards wildlife conservation in Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary (HWS, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the largest sanctuary in the state and under the highest anthropogenic pressure. People engage in fishing, livestock grazing, fuel wood/fodder collection, cash cropping of cucurbits in the sandy river banks for sustenance and commercial extraction of sand and grass for construction. These activities threaten the survival of threatened species like Swamp Deer Rucervus duvaucelii, Gangetic Dolphin Platanista gangetica, Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata and Gharial Gavialis gangeticus. Interviews were conducted with heads of randomly selected families and ‘yes/no’ opinions were taken. Questions included direct statements on biodiversity status and relationship with the Sanctuary resources. Data was classified in percent values and it was found that there is no difference in people’s perception on increase, decrease or stability of biodiversity. Further, a majority of people find life around a protected area disadvantageous, or with dismal advantages. Building on this premise the study suggests that a better share in development and alternative livelihood options for the local community of HWS can decrease their dependence on natural resources and improve conservation as a favourable option in the present perceptions of the people.

  14. Glacier fluctuation using Satellite Data in Beas basin, 1972–2006, Himachal Pradesh, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Shruti Dutta; A L Ramanathan; Anurag Linda

    2012-10-01

    Glaciers are widely recognized as sensitive indicators for regional climate change. Very few studies have been conducted to investigate the long term deglaciation status in the Himalaya. In the present study, glaciers in the Beas basin, Himachal Pradesh, India were mapped by interpretation of various glaciomorphological features using the Landsat and IRS images. The mapping of 224 glaciers during the period 1972–2006 reveals that the glacier cover reduced from 419 to 371 km2, witnessing approximately 11.6% deglaciation in the Beas basin. A higher rate of retreat of the glaciers was observed during 1989–2006 as compared to the retreat during 1972–1989. Also, the loss has been more prominent in the glaciers with an areal extent of 2–5 km2. The number of glaciers increased from 224 to 236 due to fragmentation in this period. The average elevation of the ablation zone basin showed an upward shift from 3898 m (1972) to 4171 m (2006) which may be a consequence of a shift in Equilibrium Line Altitude (ELA) reflecting imbalance.

  15. Dynamics of forest malaria transmission in Balaghat district, Madhya Pradesh, India.

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    Neeru Singh

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: An epidemiological and entomological study was carried out in Balaghat district, Madhya Pradesh, India to understand the dynamics of forest malaria transmission in a difficult and hard to reach area where indoor residual spray and insecticide treated nets were used for vector control. METHODS: This community based cross-sectional study was undertaken from January 2010 to December 2012 in Baihar and Birsa Community Health Centres of district Balaghat for screening malaria cases. Entomological surveillance included indoor resting collections, pyrethrum spray catches and light trap catches. Anophelines were assayed by ELISA for detection of Plasmodium circumsporozoite protein. FINDINGS: Plasmodium falciparum infection accounted for >80% of all infections. P. vivax 16.5%, P. malariae 0.75% and remaining were mixed infections of P. falciparum, P. vivax and P. malariae. More than, 30% infections were found in infants under 6 months of age. Overall, an increasing trend in malaria positivity was observed from 2010 to 2012 (chi-square for trend  =  663.55; P<0.0001. Twenty five Anopheles culicifacies (sibling species C, D and E were positive for circumsporozoite protein of P. falciparum (44% and P. vivax (56%. Additionally, 2 An. fluviatilis, were found positive for P. falciparum and 1 for P. vivax (sibling species S and T. An. fluviatilis sibling species T was found as vector in forest villages for the first time in India. CONCLUSION: These results showed that the study villages are experiencing almost perennial malaria transmission inspite of indoor residual spray and insecticide treated nets. Therefore, there is a need for new indoor residual insecticides which has longer residual life or complete coverage of population with long lasting insecticide treated nets or both indoor residual spray and long lasting bed nets for effective vector control. There is a need to undertake a well designed case control study to evaluate the efficacy

  16. Mortality of sarus cranes (Grus antigone) due to electricity wires in Uttar Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although overhead electrical wires are known to have caused severe declines of bird populations, there are no studies in India that address this danger, even for endangered species. Rates of mortality, factors affecting mortality and population effects of electrical wires on the globally endangered sarus crane (Grus antigone) were assessed for breeding and non-breeding cranes in Etawah and Mainpuri districts, Uttar Pradesh, India. Non-breeding cranes were most susceptible to wires and, within territories, mortalities were higher for pre-dispersed young. Similar proportions of non-breeding and breeding cranes were killed, together accounting for nearly 1% of the total sarus crane population annually. Supply wires accounted for the majority of sarus crane deaths, and only non-breeding cranes were killed by both supply and high-tension power lines. Non-breeding crane deaths at roost sites were correlated with numbers of roosting birds and numbers of wires at each site. Over 40% of 251 known sarus crane territories had at least one overhead wire posing a risk to breeding adults and pre-dispersed young. A risk index for wires over territories of cranes was computed; mortality was not affected by increasing the number and therefore risk posed by wires. Most crane deaths in territories occurred as a result of wires at edges of territories. Wires around roosting sites, territoriality and age of sarus cranes appear to be the most important factors affecting their mortality due to wires. Mitigation measures will be most effective around roost sites and for wires that border territories of breeding pairs. (author)

  17. Mortality of sarus cranes (Grus antigone) due to electricity wires in Uttar Pradesh, India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sundar, K.S.G. [Wildlife Inst. of India, Uttaranchal (India); International Crane Foundation, Baraboo, WI (United States); Choudhury, B.C. [Wildlife Inst. of India, Uttaranchal (India)

    2005-09-15

    Although overhead electrical wires are known to have caused severe declines of bird populations, there are no studies in India that address this danger, even for endangered species. Rates of mortality, factors affecting mortality and population effects of electrical wires on the globally endangered sarus crane (Grus antigone) were assessed for breeding and non-breeding cranes in Etawah and Mainpuri districts, Uttar Pradesh, India. Non-breeding cranes were most susceptible to wires and, within territories, mortalities were higher for pre-dispersed young. Similar proportions of non-breeding and breeding cranes were killed, together accounting for nearly 1% of the total sarus crane population annually. Supply wires accounted for the majority of sarus crane deaths, and only non-breeding cranes were killed by both supply and high-tension power lines. Non-breeding crane deaths at roost sites were correlated with numbers of roosting birds and numbers of wires at each site. Over 40% of 251 known sarus crane territories had at least one overhead wire posing a risk to breeding adults and pre-dispersed young. A risk index for wires over territories of cranes was computed; mortality was not affected by increasing the number and therefore risk posed by wires. Most crane deaths in territories occurred as a result of wires at edges of territories. Wires around roosting sites, territoriality and age of sarus cranes appear to be the most important factors affecting their mortality due to wires. Mitigation measures will be most effective around roost sites and for wires that border territories of breeding pairs. (author)

  18. Assessment of biomass and carbon sequestration potentials of standing Pongamia pinnata in Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annissa Muhammed Ahmedin, Keredin Temam Siraj,

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The significance of forested areas in carbon sequestration is conventional, and well renowned. But, hardly any attempts have been made to study the potential of trees in carbon sequestration from urban areas. Andhra University was selected for the study in Visakhapatnam city with the objectives of quantifying the total carbon sequestration by Pongamia pinata. Stratified random sampling was used for assessing biomass in two site and about 230 P. pinnata trees were taken. Biomass was calculated using Non-destructive allometric models. The biomass carbon content was taken as 55% of the tree biomass. Soil samples were taken from soil profile up to 40 cm depth for deep soils and up to bedrock for shallow soils at an interval of 10 and 20 cm for top and sub-soil respectively. Walkley‐Black Wet Oxidation method was applied for measuring soil organic carbon. Belowground biomass was estimated by the Root:Shoot ratio relationship. Total biomass and soil carbon was higher in Site-2 than in Site-1. Total carbon sequestration in Site-2 was found 1.59 times higher compared to Site-1 but the mean SOC stored was found higher in Site-1 than in Site-2, i.e.,14.48 tC/ha and 10.33 tC/ha, respectively.

  19. A STUDY OF CLINICAL PROFILE AND OUTCOME OF RESPIRATORY DISTRESS IN NEWBORN BABIES IN KING GEORGE HOSPITAL, ANDHRA MEDICAL COLLEGE, VISAKHAPATNAM, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rapaka Sujatha Devi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND A variety of disorders of respiratory system and non-respiratory disorders like intracranial injury, cardiac failure metabolic disorders, septicaemia and congenital malformations can manifest clinically with respiratory distress. (1,2 RDS DEFINITION = RESPIRATORY DISTRESS (RDS Is diagnosed clinically by the presence of at least two of the following criteria namely, respiratory rate of >60/minute, retractions, flaring of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt and cyanosis at room air on two consecutive examinations at least hour apart. AIMS OF THE STUDY To assess the clinical outcome of respiratory distress in new-born. To study the various Risk factors associated with development of severe respiratory distress in the new-born. To study the usefulness of chest x-ray to identify the cause of respiratory distress in neonate. METHODS The study was carried out in the Department of Paediatrics, AMC, KGH. Prospective study of 200 new-borns with respiratory distress who were admitted in NICU, between July 2014 to August 2015. INCLUSION CRITERIA All new-borns admitted to NICU within 24 hrs. of birth with RDS in both pre and term babies. EXCLUSION CRITERIA All new-borns admitted to NICU after 24 hrs. of birth with RDS. The severity was assessed by using Downes. (3 clinical scoring and X-rays. Therapy/Treatment and mortality was documented to assess the severity of RDS. RESULTS 154 cases with distress are of respiratory system in origin out of which 45% were due to Meconium aspiration syndrome, 56% of other conditions responsible for RDS. CONCLUSION Meconium aspiration syndrome (MSA is the most common cause of RDS in new-born, risk factors like meconium stained liquor, vaginally delivered new-borns, preterm gestation age, & female sex.

  20. Men’s Experiences of Family, Domestic and Honour-Related Violence in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Alex Broom; David Sibbritt; Nayar, K.R.; Assa Doron; Pamela Nilan

    2012-01-01

    Background: Violence is a major problem in India with family, domestic and honour-related violence having significant impacts on the wellbeing of Indian families and communities. There has been little attention paid to men’s experiences, particularly in the Indian State’s of Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh. The objective of this study was to provide baseline data on Indian men’s experiences of violence and the key predictors such as age, income, education and religion.Methods: A cross-sectional sur...

  1. Timing and conditions of peak metamorphism and cooling across the Zimithang Thrust, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Clare J.; Singh, Athokpam K.; Roberts, Nick M. W.; Regis, Daniele; Halton, Alison M.; Singh, Rajkumar B.

    2014-07-01

    The Zimithang Thrust juxtaposes two lithotectonic units of the Greater Himalayan Sequence in Arunachal Pradesh, NE India. Monazite U-Pb, muscovite 40Ar/39Ar and thermobarometric data from rocks in the hanging and footwall constrain the timing and conditions of their juxtaposition across the structure, and their subsequent cooling. Monazite grains in biotite-sillimanite gneiss in the hanging wall yield LA-ICP-MS U-Pb ages of 16 ± 0.2 to 12.7 ± 0.4 Ma. A schistose gneiss within the high strain zone yields overlapping-to-younger monazite ages of 14.9 ± 0.3 to 11.5 ± 0.3 Ma. Garnet-staurolite-mica schists in the immediate footwall yield older monazite ages of 27.3 ± 0.6 to 17.1 ± 0.2 Ma. Temperature estimates from Ti-in-biotite and garnet-biotite thermometry suggest similar peak temperatures were achieved in the hanging and footwalls (~ 525-650 °C). Elevated temperatures of ~ 700 °C appear to have been reached in the high strain zone itself and in the footwall further from the thrust. Single grain fusion 40Ar/39Ar muscovite data from samples either side of the thrust yield ages of ~ 7 Ma, suggesting that movement along the thrust juxtaposed the two units by the time the closure temperature of Ar diffusion in muscovite had been reached. These data confirm previous suggestions that major orogen-parallel out-of-sequence structures disrupt the Greater Himalayan Sequence at different times during Himalayan evolution, and highlight an eastwards-younging trend in 40Ar/39Ar muscovite cooling ages at equivalent structural levels along Himalayan strike.

  2. Uranium and radon concentration measurements in drinking water samples from mineralized zone of Himachal Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The uranium (238U) and radon (222Rn) concentrations were determined in drinking water samples collected from different sources such as handpumps, wells and tubewells of various depths from a wide range of 41 different locations of Hamirpur and Kangra districts Himachal Pradesh (HP) and adjoining areas of Jammu and Kashmir (JK), India. 238U and 222Rn concentration measurements in drinking water are important for determination of inhalation and ingestion dosimetry and health effects on the population. Laser Fluorimetry technique has been used for the measurement of Uranium concentration in drinking water samples. Radon measurements in water has been performed by using the appropriate bubbling technique with the Scintillation based radon monitor (SRM), which is free from humidity and has even been recommended by the Radiation Protection Advisory Division (RPAD) BARC, Mumbai. Radon concentration in these samples shows a wide range of variations for different sources and at different locations. The 238U and 222Rn concentrations in these samples has been observed to be in the range of 0.26 ± 0.1 to 29.5 ± 2.5 μgl-1 and 0.86 ± 0.12 to 7.62 ± 0.64 Bql-1 respectively. The measured values of radon concentration are within the recommended safe limits of 4 - 40 Bql-1 (UNSCEAR, 1993) and within the maximum contaminated level (MCL) of 11Bql-1 (USEPA, 1999). The observed uranium concentration values in drinking water samples have also been found to be within the safe limit of 30 μgl-1 as recommended by WHO, 2011 and even are quite less than threshold limit of 60 μgl-1 recommended by AERB, 2004. All measurements were performed in similar environmental conditions for minimal variations in meteorological parameters. (author)

  3. Technical efficiency of public district hospitals in Madhya Pradesh, India: a data envelopment analysis

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    Tej Ram Jat

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Scarcity of resources for healthcare is a well-acknowledged problem. In this context, efficient utilization of existing financial and human resources becomes crucial for strengthening the healthcare delivery. The assessment of efficiency of health facilities can guide decision makers in ensuring the optimum utilization of available resources. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the technical efficiency (TE of the public district hospitals in Madhya Pradesh, India, with special emphasis on maternal healthcare services, using data envelopment analysis (DEA. Methods: Data from 40 district hospitals from January to December 2010 were collected from the health management information system and other records of the department of health and family welfare of the state. DEA was performed with input orientation and variable returns to scale assumption. Results: TE and scale efficiency scores of the district hospitals were 0.90 (SD = 0.14 and 0.88 (SD = 0.15, respectively. Of the total district hospitals in the study, 20 (50% were technically efficient constituting the ‘best practice frontier’. The other half were technically inefficient, with an average TE score of 0.79 (SD = 0.12 meaning that these hospitals could produce the same outputs by using 21% less inputs from current input levels. Twenty-six (65% district hospitals were found to be scale inefficient, manifesting a mean score of 0.81 (SD = 0.16. Conclusions: Half of the district hospitals in the study were operating inefficiently. Decision makers and administrators in the state should identify the causes of the observed inefficiencies and take appropriate measures to increase efficiency of these hospitals.

  4. Assessing achievement of Special Routine Immunization Week among relatively immobile internal migrants in Uttar Pradesh, India

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    SP Patel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Yet, approximately 30% dwellers are internal migrants in India. Migrant is one who resides away from his/her native home due to variety of reasons. In Uttar Pradesh, these relatively immobile internal migrants generally comprise of Nomad, Brick kiln and Migratory construction workers. The present study was carried out with the objective of evaluating the achievements of first phase of Special Routine Immunization Week (SRI week in terms of improvement of immunization status of a community of internal migrants in Lucknow. Materials and Methods: The study was a community-based observational, which undertook relatively immobile internal migrant communities attributed to local administration of Community Development Block, Sarojininagar, Lucknow. The study was conducted during 24-30 th April 2013, covering equal numbers of households (each 100 from the three type of communities selected randomly. An attempt of in-depth interview with the adult member was made to reveal the underlying issues of the study. Results: Of the three communities, migratory construction workers outnumbered in the literacy status (7.46%. The immunization coverage in all the three communities prior to the SRI week was 24.63% while post to the first phase of SRI week was 81.12%, thereby achieving immunization by 56.49%. The present study also showed no relation between vaccination achievement during SRI week and literacy status of different communities. Conclusions: There is a need of having such sessions at regular intervals repeatedly as well as conducting focused studies on these groups to identify the various factors which are responsible for poor immunization coverage and keep them in mind while planning such special immunization activities.

  5. Seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis in dairy animals with reproductive disorders in Uttar Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Amit Kumar; Kumar, Amit; Sahzad; Reddy, N C Prakash; Shende, A N

    2014-05-01

    Respiratory and reproductive disorders in dairy animals due to various etiological agents have led to significant economic losses to dairy industry. These losses are due to abortions, metritis, retention of placenta, repeat breeding, death of animals, loss of production and trade restrictions etc. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to detect the seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR, BHV-1) in dairy animals of western parts of Uttar Pradesh, India. Anti BHV-1 antibodies were measured using a commercial ELISA kit (SYANOVIR® IBR-Ab). Blood samples were collected from a total of 134 animals of different age, gender from 8 districts. Overall individual seroprevalence was 32.84%. The study revealed that BHV-1 is comparatively more widespread in cattle (46.51%) than buffalo (35.28%). Comparison of different sex groups of animals revealed that the higher numbers of infected animals were identified in male (48.00%) than female (29.35%). The seropositivity of IBR increased with age of animals. The highest prevalence of IBR (66.67%) was observed in animals aged more than 8 years. As vaccination against IBR is not practiced in the region and higher percent positivity (>20%) in all age group of animals indicated the natural circulation of BHV-1 virus in the population. Because of less awareness on the vaccination of animals against this virus, the disease may spread rapidly. The results of present study also indicate that strict monitoring and surveillance of IBR is need of today to protect the animals from infection and further spread. PMID:26031007

  6. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among newly diagnosed hypertensive patients in the hills of Himachal Pradesh, India

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    Surender Thakur

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available To study the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS among newly diagnosed hypertensive patients in a tertiary care hospital in the northern hilly state of Himachal Pradesh, India, located in western Himalayas at a moderate altitude of 2200 m above mean sea level. One hundred and eighteen newly diagnosed hypertensive patients above the age of 20 years were studied in a hospital-based cross-sectional study. MS prevalence was estimated by International Diabetes Federation (IDF criteria and modified National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III criteria. Student′s t-test was used to compare the mean of the continuous variables. Chi-square test was used to compare discrete variables. The prevalence of MS in hypertensive patients was 68.6% (modified NCEP-ATP III and 63.6% (IDF criteria. The most common phenotype of MS with the component of hypertension was the coexistence of waist circumference (90.1%, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL; 70.4%, and high triglycerides (67.9% as per the modified NCEP-ATP III criteria, and low HDL (76.2% and high triglycerides (66.4% as per the IDF criteria. Fasting blood glucose (33.2% as per the modified NCEP-ATP III criteria and 32.6% as per the IDF criteria was the least significant factor having an association with MS. The prevalence of MS among hypertensive patients was high and indicates the need for metabolic screening in all hypertensive patients at the first diagnosis.

  7. Assessment of morphometric characteristics of Chakrar watershed in Madhya Pradesh India using geospatial technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soni, Sandeep

    2016-02-01

    The quantitative analysis of the watershed is important for the quantification of the channel network and to understand its geo-hydrological behaviour. Assessment of drainage network and their relative parameters have been quantitatively carried out for the Chakrar watershed of Madhya Pradesh, India, to understand the prevailing geological variation, topographic information and structural setup of the watershed and their interrelationship. Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) has been used for the delineation and calculation of the morphometric parameters of the watershed. The Chakrar watershed is sprawled over an area of 415 km2 with dendritic, parallel and trellis drainage pattern. It is sub-divided into nine sub-watersheds. The study area is designated as sixth-order basin and lower and middle order streams mostly dominate the basin with the drainage density value of 2.46 km/km2 which exhibits gentle to steep slope terrain, medium dense vegetation, and less permeable with medium precipitation. The mean bifurcation value of the basin is 4.16 and value of nine sub-watersheds varies from 2.83 to 4.44 which reveals drainage networks formed on homogeneous rocks when the influences of geologic structures on the stream network is negligible. Form factor, circularity ratio and elongation ratio indicate an elongated basin shape having less prone to flood, lower erosion and sediment transport capacities. The results from the morphometric assessment of the watershed are important in water resources evaluation and its management and for the selection of recharge structure in the area for future water management.

  8. INVESTIGATIONS OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL STATUS OF GROUND WATER OF SINGRAULI DISTRICT, MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA

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    Rajesh Pandey et al

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Ground water is the most preferred water source in current scenario. Once believed to be safe from pollution as it is available many band below the surface, is now provided to be prone to pollution by research investigators. Various causes associated for the contamination of ground water. The major cause of the contamination of ground water may be due to improper disposal of industrial waste. The effort was made to assess the quality of ground water and thrash out the portability of ground water by physico-chemical temperament. Present study was carried out to assess the ground water quality of Singrauli district an energy hub station of Madhya Pradesh state of India Study was conduct in year 2012 by selecting 13 different spots, covered all the four directions of Singrauli. Ground water samples were taken from different sources such as bore well, well water, municipal supplier water etc. Investigations of Physico-chemical characteristics of groundwater quality based on Physico-chemical parameters have been taken up to evaluate its suitability for different objects. Quality analysis has been made through in terms of pH, EC, TDS, Total Hardness, Sodium, Potassium, Calcium, Magnesium, Chloride, Sulphate, Nitrate, Fluoride and Alkalinity. Comparative studies of collected samples indicated that there is no appreciable change in the different parameters during sampling season. The results were compared with standards prescribed by WHO and ICMR. The results showed that high total hardness content indicating the need of some treatment for minimization. Other investigated samples were found within the water quality standards but the quality of water is not completely favorable as per standard human requirement. Water is not completely fit for drinking purpose due to improper management of disposal of industrials, mines waste or garbage in these local energy hub environments.

  9. Ten years of negotiating rights around maternal health in Uttar Pradesh, India

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    Dasgupta Jashodhara

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Preventable maternal mortality and morbidity have been globally recognized as human rights issues. Maternal mortality in India is among the highest in the world, and reflects inequity in access to healthcare: women from certain states as well as poorer women and less literate women appear to be significantly disadvantaged. The government of India has been attempting to improve maternal outcomes through a cash transfer within the National Rural Health Mission to encourage women to come to hospitals for childbirth. Methods This paper reviews documents of the last ten years describing the experiences of a Non-Governmental Organisation, SAHAYOG, in working with a civil society platform, the Healthwatch Forum, to develop ‘rights based’ strategies around maternal health. The paper builds an analysis using recent frameworks on accountability and gendered rights claiming to examine these experiences and draw out lessons regarding rights claiming strategies for poor women. Results The examination of documents over the last ten years indicates defined phases of development in the evolution of SAHAYOG’s understanding and of the shifts in strategy among SAHAYOG and its close allies, and responses by the state. The first three stages depict the deepening of SAHAYOG’s understanding of the manner in which poor and marginalized women negotiate their access to health care; the fourth stage explores a health system intervention and the challenges of working from within civil society in alliance with poor and marginalized women. Conclusion The findings from SAHAYOG’s experiences with poor Dalit women in Uttar Pradesh reveal the elements of social exclusion within the health system that prevent poor and marginalized women from accessing effective lifesaving care. Creating a voice for the most marginalised and carving space for its articulation impacts upon the institutions and actors that have a duty to meet the claims being made

  10. PGE distribution in the Chromite bearing mafic-ultramafic Kondapalli Layered Complex, Krishna district, Andhra Pradesh, India

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    Meshram Tushar M.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Kondapalli Layered Complex (KLC is a dismembered mafic-ultramafic layered intrusion, mainly composed of gabbroic and anorthositic rocks with subordinate ultramafics and chromitite. Chromitite occurs as lenses, pods, bands and disseminations. Platinum group of minerals (PGMs occur as inclusions within chromite and silicates. The study indicates an inhomogeneous distribution of PGMs and distinct dominance of IPGEs over the PPGEs. The average ΣPGE content of chromite of KLC varies from 64 ppb to 576 ppb with Pt ranging from 5 to 495 ppb, Pd 5 to 191 ppb, Ir 3 to 106 ppb, Ru 3 to 376 ppb and Rh 3 to 135 ppb. The PGMs identified in the KLC indicate primary deposition of the IPGE, preceding chromite, indicating its orthomagmatic nature. Most of the PGM grains are usually below 10 μm. The identified PGMs are Laurite (RuS2, irarsite (Ir, As, S, iridosmine (Os, Ir, undetermined Os-Ir sulphide and Ru-Os-Ir-Zn alloys. Chromite also contains inclusions of pentlandite, millerite, chalcopyrite and pyrite. Study indicating that the KLC have orthomagmatic origin for PGE which are dominated by IPGE group and formed under surpa-subduction zone peridotite setting.

  11. Assessment of Nutritional Status of Boys and Girls in Government School Children in Rompicherla Mandal Andhra Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasikala, P.

    2016-01-01

    Nutrition is the intake of food to meet the body's dietary needs through different sources namely vegetarian and non-vegetarian foods. Good nutrition and well balanced diet with regular physical activities is acceptable. Poor nutrition leads to reduction in immunity of an individual, on the other hand increased levels of nutrition leads…

  12. Traditional Use of Plants against Snakebite in Sugali tribes of Yerramalais of Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SKhaleel Basha; Gsudarsanam

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To conduct ethnobotanical survey in Yerramalais forest among Sugali tribes and collect information on medicinal plants to used to in the treatment of snake bite. Snakebite has been a major cause of mortality of tribals and their livestock. Methods: The study was conducted during 2009-2011 visiting regularly Sugali Thandas and Lobais. Following the method of Jain and Goel. First hand information on their traditional medicine was recorded, repeated enquiries were made to understand their knowledge, methods of diagnosis and treatment. Data were collected on the specific part of the plants used collection, method of usage of the drug and dosage of the drug ,dosage of administration. Results: The paper provides information about Ehanobatanical and Scientific evidences of 23 medicinal plants which are used by sugalis as antidote for snake bite. Conclusion: Traditional medicine remains an integral part of the health system in this area Antidote medicinal plants play an important role in health and livelihood of Sugali Tribal people.

  13. OPEN DEFECATION- A THREAT TO PROTECTED WATER SOURCES OF GAJAPATINAGARAM MANDAL OF VIZIANAGARAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Gompana Sajeeth; Ankura Vijaya Durga; A. Janaki Bai

    2011-01-01

    Human health has been severely impacted by gastro intestinal diseases caused by the presence of pathogenic organisms in tap water and the lack of appropriate hygiene habits among the rural populations of Vizianagaram district. The lack of household water management and waste water treatment infrastructure has resulted in the majority of the children’s population and a portion of the adult population showing a high incidence of diseases caused by microbial pathogens such as E.coli and Salmonel...

  14. Water quality assessment of Gautami-Godavari mangrove estuarine ecosystem of Andhra Pradesh, India during September 2001

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripathy, S.C; Ray, A.K.; Patra, S.; Sarma, V.V.

    coastal ecosystems. Low Si : N: P (29 : 4 : 1) ratios in these ecosystems are due to the enrichment of these nutrients through external anthropogenic inputs even after the utilization by phytoplankton in the biological cycle. The mean Chl b/Chl a and Chl c...

  15. Age at menarche and menstrual complications: a cross cultural study among hostel students in Tirupati, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Chandrasekhar Rao Pakala; Sudha Gujjula

    2016-01-01

    Background: Menarche is an important biological and physiological event, which occur in the lifecycle of every normal female. This is accompanied by many morphological, physiological changes in the body. The age of menarche is generally between 10-16 years. The objectives was to assess the age at menarche and menstrual complications among hostel students during menstrual period. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which 326 girl students staying at hostel were selected by retrospec...

  16. Water quality assessment of Gautami — Godavari mangrove estuarine ecosystem of Andhra Pradesh, India during September 2001

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S C Tripathy; A K Ray; S Patra; V V Sarma

    2005-04-01

    Some chemical and biological parameters were analysed at sixteen stations in the mangrove ecosystem, of the neighbouring Gautami-Godavari (GG) river estuary and Kakinada (KKD) bay to understand the present status of water quality and the impact of external terrigenous inputs during southwest (SW) monsoon in the study areas. High concentrations of nutrients in the mangrove ecosystem compared to the bay and estuarine ecosystems reveal the importance of this zone as a source of nutrients to the adjacent coastal ecosystems. Low Si :N:P (29 : 4 : 1) ratios in these ecosystems are due to the enrichment of these nutrients through external anthropogenic inputs even after the utilization by phytoplankton in the biological cycle. The mean Chl /Chl and Chl /Chl ratios and high phaeopigments (Pp) concentrations compared to Chl and high ratios of Chl /Pp suggests the possibility of the potential growth of phytoplankton populations in lower light intensity and low turbulent areas of these mangrove ecosystems.

  17. Aliiglaciecola coringensis sp. nov., isolated from a water sample collected from mangrove forest in Coringa, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gupta, V.; Sharma, G.; Srinivas, T.N.R.; AnilKumar, P.

    range, G+C content (mol%), nitrate reduction to nitrate, arginine dihydrolase activity, hydrolysis of gelatin and starch, inability to utilise a number of organic substrates, resistance to lincomycin, polar lipids and fatty acid profiles. Thus... and H2S production but negative for arginine hydrolase, nitrate reduction, phenylalanine deamination, glucose fermentation, β-galactosidase activity and indole production. Does not utilise lactose, xylose, maltose, fructose, dextrose, galactose...

  18. Polonium (210Po) distribution pattern in the fresh water ecosystem of Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A systematic study of natural radionuclide of 210Po in the environmental matrices of freshwater ecosystem of Nagarjuna Sagar Dam has been carried out to establish the baseline data. The seasonal samples of surface water and bottom sediments were collected for every three months for the period of two years during the period of 2009-2011 from ten sampling locations along the shores of Lambapur and Peddagattu in Nagarjuna Sagar Dam for the analysis of polonium (210Po). The polonium was separated radiochemically and analyzed by alpha counting system. The observed levels of 210Po activities in the surface water samples (n = 70) of ten sampling locations of all the seasons ranged from d 0.56 mBq l-1 to 6 mBq l-1 with an average of 1.85 mBq 1-1 and in the bottom sediment samples (n= 70) of ten sampling locations of all the seasons ranged from 3.5 Bq kg-1 dry to 63.2 Bq kg-1 dry with an average of 34.96 Bq kg-1. There was no major variation observed in the polonium concentration in the surface water and bottom sediments collected during the different seasons. (author)

  19. OPEN DEFECATION- A THREAT TO PROTECTED WATER SOURCES OF GAJAPATINAGARAM MANDAL OF VIZIANAGARAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gompana Sajeeth

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Human health has been severely impacted by gastro intestinal diseases caused by the presence of pathogenic organisms in tap water and the lack of appropriate hygiene habits among the rural populations of Vizianagaram district. The lack of household water management and waste water treatment infrastructure has resulted in the majority of the children’s population and a portion of the adult population showing a high incidence of diseases caused by microbial pathogens such as E.coli and Salmonella among others. The present study was aimed to determine the microbiological and physico-chemical quality of protected water supplies of Gajapati Nagaram mandal of Vizianagaram district for a period of two years i.e. from January 2007 to December 2008. It was found that protected water supplies showed high microbial contamination throughout the two years. The incidence of diseases and the rainfall data recorded in the mandal was also taken.The study demonstrated that protection of water resources can improve the hygiene quality of rural water supplies, where disinfection is not feasible. Our findings supported the WHO recommendations that E.coli should be the principal microbial indicator for portability of untreated water. Strategies for developing safe water systems must include public health education in hygiene and water source protection, practical methods and standards for water quality monitoring, and a resource centre for project information to facilitate programme evaluation and planning.

  20. Assessment of environmental radioactive elements in groundwater in parts of Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh, South India using scintillation detection methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this work was to determine the radioactive element concentrations in groundwater in parts of the Nalgonda district. Results indicate that 222Rn activity is present in significant levels in deep groundwater compared to shallow groundwater and tank water. An increasing 222Rn activity trend is noticed along the well depth while electrical conductivity, uranium, and alkalinity levels showed inverse trends. Environmental tritium data indicates modern recharge to groundwater. Inter-elemental correlations suggest that high dissolved uranium is associated with high alkalinity and high electrical conductivity groundwater. The study also infers recharge sources and mechanisms to shallow and deep groundwater. (author)

  1. Evidences of inclined transpression at the contact between Vinjamuru group and Udayagiri group of Nellore Schist Belt, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sankha Das; Devasheesh Shukla; S K Mitra

    2016-07-01

    The Nellore Schist Belt (NSB) is a curvilinear Archaean schist belt, approximately 350 km long and 8–50 km wide. The Nellore Schist Belt is considered to be Neoarchean in age and stratigraphically NSB is classified as the western Udayagiri group (dominated by metasediments) and underlying eastern Vinjamuru group (dominated by metabasalts). There is a long controversy regarding the contact relationship between Udayagiri and Vinjamuru groups. Earlier researchers regarded the contact between two groups as tectonic on the basis of metamorphism. A shear zone and a possible thrust contact between the two groups have also been reported. On the basis of present study, an NNW–SSE trending, westerly dipping inclined transpressional zone is found at the contact between Udayagiri and Vinjamuru groups in the central western part of the NSB. Kinematic analysis of both the hanging wall and foot wall of the westerly dipping thrust zone shows presence of strong S1 schistosity, shear bands and S-C fabric in both strike and dip section along with east-verging overturned fold, westerly dipping inverted beds, suggesting partitioning of non-coaxial deformation in strike-slip and dip-slip component along with a pure shear component. Strike-slip is more prominent in the northern part of the contact than the southern part. The presence of steep to moderate northerly plunging non-orthogonal stretching/mineral elongation lineation all along the contact and clockwise shift of plot of the same in stereo net from its orthogonal position and presence of other kinematic indicators in plan suggests a right lateral strike-slip component. As a whole, it is suggested that Udayagiri group is thrusted over Vinjamuru group along a westerly dipping thrust plane with a right lateral strike-slip motion and simultaneous E–W contraction.

  2. Ethnomedicinal studies on plants used by Yanadi tribe of Chandragiri reserve forest area, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataru Savithramma

    2016-03-01

    Conclusion: There is no record of traditional medicinal knowledge of these villages so far, hence the present study is aimed to document the information on medicinal plants used by Yanadi tribe in Chandragiri reserve forest area. Correlation of ethnomedicinal uses with Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical database clearly indicates the high medicinal significance of claimed data of this Yanadi tribe. [J Intercult Ethnopharmacol 2016; 5(1.000: 49-56

  3. Selection of egg attachment sites by the Indian Golden Gecko Calodactylodes aureus (Beddome, 1870 (Reptilia: Gekkonidae in Andhra Pradesh, India

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    R. Sreekar

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Some geckos lay eggs at communal egg deposition sites with as many as 300 eggs per site. Selection of egg deposition sites is important to avoid egg damage and predation. We investigated survival rates of communal egg clutches of the Indian Golden Gecko Calodactylodes aureus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae. Our results show that communal clutches have a higher survival rate in sites with water bodies and without anthropogenic activities, in comparison to sites having the opposite combination. These findings are discussed in the context of the status of this gecko.

  4. Food and Feeding Habits of Upeneus vittatus (Forsskal, 1775) from Visakhapatnam Coast (Andhra Pradesh) of India

    OpenAIRE

    C. Manjulatha; Y. Shanti Prabha

    2008-01-01

    Aspects of food and feeding habits of Upeneus vittatus collected from Visakhapatnam fishing harbour are reported in this paper. Analysis of their gut contents based on frequency of occurrence, revealed that crustaceans mainly shrimps and crabs (59.49%) and teleostean fishes (14.51%) made the bulk of the diet with bivalve mollusks (13.51%) being at times important. Frequency of occurrence of teleostean fishes was observed to be more in fishes above 163 mm in length while shrimps constitu...

  5. Seroprevalance of rubella in women with bad obstetric history in Tirupati of Andhra Pradesh state of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B V Ramana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Rubella is a common cause of rash and fever during childhood. However, its public health importance relates to the teratogenic effects of primary rubella infection occurring in pregnant women, which can lead to fetal death with spontaneous abortion or to congenital defects in surviving infants. Most of the cases are asymptomatic and difficult to diagnose on clinical grounds. Materials and Methods: Detection of specific IgM antibodies by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA technique is a useful method for diagnosis. This study was conducted on 180 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at Govt. Maternity Hospital, Tirupati. All the serum samples were tested for rubella-specific IgM antibodies. Results: A seropositivity of 12.67% was observed among cases with bad obstetric history and 6.67% in normal pregnant women. Within the test group, high seropositivity (13.33% was observed in women with repeated abortions followed by in cases of intrauterine death (12.73%. Conclusions: The results indicate high prevalence of rubella in our population. All antenatal cases should be routinely screened for rubella, so that early diagnosis will help in proper management and fetal outcome.

  6. Prevalence and Genetic Analysis of Bitter Taste Perception for Phenylthiocarbamide (PTC Among Some Muslim Populations of Uttar Pradesh, India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruqaiya Hussain

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The ability to taste Phenylthiocarbamide (PTC, a bitter organic compound, described as a bimodal autosomal trait is widely used to know the heritable trait in both genetic and anthropological studies. The present study was carried out to analyze the prevalence of PTC taste sensitivity and to determine the gene frequencies among some Muslim populations of Uttar Pradesh, India. This study has some physiological relevance to highlight the adaptability of endogamous groups to behavioral traits in the same place.Unrelated, healthy individuals of both sexes (Male-403, Female-418 belonging to different populations of Uttar Pradesh, India were randomly selected with the age range of 16-45 years observed for phenylthiocarbamide to taste sensitivity. PTC tasting ability was measured by using a serial dilution method of Harris and Kalmus.The phenotypic frequency of tasters was higher as compared to non-tasters, and the same is statistically significant (χ(2= 11.92, df = 5, P = 0.036. There were more females among tasters (67.94% than males (64.76%. This observation was statistically significant (χ(2 = 14.79, df = 5, P = 0.011.The frequency of PTC tasters is greater than non-tasters and the females have lower non-taster pheno-types as compared to males. This type of study will provide background information about genetic structure of population and serves as useful interaction of genetics, food preferences and dietary patterns.

  7. Prevalence of thinness among the adolescent girls (age group 13yrs-18yrs of Garhkhal village of Himachal Pradesh, India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyanka Rani Garg

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Malnutrition has now been redefined in terms of “under nutrition” and conceptualized in terms of thinness which is an important problem among children and adolescents in rural areas of developing countries like India. Therefore, present study was carried out to assess the prevalence of thinness among the adolescent girls (age group 13yrs-18yrs of Garhkhal Village of Himachal Pradesh, India. The study design was cross-sectional. Height and weight were measured and Body Mass Index (BMI was carried out. Identification of thinness was done according to the new International BMI-based classification cut offs as given by Cole et al., 2007. In general the mean BMI increased with increasing age. Overall age-combined prevalence was 79.5%. Present study indicated the poor health status of the adolescent girls of the selected area which indicates the high nutritional stress among them as evident from the thinness prevalent among them.

  8. Garra kalpangi, a new cyprinid fish species (Pisces: Teleostei from upper Brahmaputra basin in Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Nebeshwar

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available A new cyprinid species, Garra kalpangi is described from the Kalpangi River (Brahmaputra basin in Arunachal Pradesh, India. The species is closely similar to G. gravelyi, G. rotundinasus and G. elongata in having a shared character i.e. a weakly developed proboscis. It is distinguishable from G. gravelyi for the absence of indistinct black spot at the bases of branched dorsal fin rays and lateral stripes on the side of the body. However, G. rotundinasus possesses lateral stripe along the lateral line. Further, the absence of transverse groove at the tip of snout and longitudinal black band in medial coudal fin differentiated it from G. elongata. The detail comparative account of the 16 available species of northeastern India confirmed its distinct diagnosis as a new species under the genus. Accordingly, after thorough investigation, the taxonomic keys for all the available species under the genus from the region have also been erected in this article.

  9. IS HEMOGLOBIN E GENE WIDELY SPREAD IN THE STATE OF MADHYA PRADESH IN CENTRAL INDIA? EVIDENCE FROM FIVE TYPICAL FAMILIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R S Balgir

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Red cell inherited hemoglobin anomalies are commonly encountered in the central region of India. These cause a public health concern due to high degree of morbidity, mortality, and fetal loss in the backward, underprivileged, and vulnerable people. Purpose: To report five typical families of hemoglobin E disorders identified for the first time in the state of Madhya Pradesh from central India. Methods: Out of a total of 445 couples/families (excluding the present study with 1526 persons (848 males and 678 females referred from a tertiary hospital in central India for investigations of anemia/hemoglobinopathies during the period from March 2010 to February 2014, we came across five typical rare couples/families of hemoglobin E disorders worthy of detailed investigations. Laboratory investigations were carried out following the standard procedures after cross checking for quality control from time to time. Results: For the first time, we have encountered nine cases of heterozygous hemoglobin E trait, two members with hemoglobin E-β-thalassemia (double heterozygosity, two cases of sickle cell-hemoglobin E disease (double heterozygosity, and none with homozygous hemoglobin E. Cases  of hemoglobin E trait, hemoglobin E-β-thalassemia, sickle cell-β-thalassemia and sickle cell-E disease showed moderate to severe anemia, and target cells, and reduced values of red cell indices like RBC, Hb level, HCT, MCV, MCH and MCHC, representing abnormal hematological profile and clinical manifestations before blood transfusion. Conclusions: Double heterozygosity for hemoglobinopathies such as occurrence of β-thalassemia mutation with structurally abnormal hemoglobins (Hb S and Hb E is a rare entity, but occurs with severe clinical manifestations only in those areas or communities where these are highly prevalent, testifying the migrations and genetic admixture. Distribution of hemoglobin E and β-thalassemia in different districts of Madhya Pradesh

  10. Does early childbearing and a sterilization-focused family planning programme in India fuel population growth?

    OpenAIRE

    Zoë Matthews; Padmadas, Sabu S; Inge Hutter; Juliet McEachran; Brown, James J.

    2009-01-01

    Recent stagnation in the reduction of infant mortality in India can arguably be attributed to early child bearing practices and the lack of progress in lengthening birth intervals. Meanwhile, family planning efforts have been particularly successful in the southern states such as Andhra Pradesh, although family limitation is almost exclusively by means of sterilisation at increasingly younger ages. This paper examines the population impact of the unprecedented convergence of early childbearin...

  11. Radiometric dating of uranium mineralization in the proterozoic basins of Eastern Dharwar Craton, South India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of radiometric dating by Pb and Sm-Nd isotopic systematics on uranium bearing rocks within the Proterozoic basins of the Eastern Dharwar craton in parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, South India are discussed. The results indicate three main periods of uranium mineralization and remobilization events at c. 1.70-1.80 Ga, c. 1.25-1.35 Ga and 0.45-0.55 Ga in these basins. (author)

  12. Does maternal autonomy influence feeding practices and infant growth in rural India?

    OpenAIRE

    Shroff, Monal R.; Griffiths, Paula L.; Suchindran, Chirayath; Nagalla, Balakrishna; Vazir, Shahnaz; Bentley, Margaret E

    2011-01-01

    The high prevalence of child under-nutrition remains a profound challenge in the developing world. Maternal autonomy was examined as a determinant of breast feeding and infant growth in children 3 to 5 months of age. Cross-sectional baseline data on 600 mother-infant pairs were collected in 60 villages in rural Andhra Pradesh, India. The mothers were enrolled in a longitudinal randomized behavioral intervention trial. In addition to anthropometric and demographic measures, an autonomy questio...

  13. Awareness of eye diseases in an urban population in southern India.

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of awareness of eye diseases in the urban population of Hyderabad in southern India. METHODS: A total of 2522 subjects of all ages, who were representative of the Hyderabad population, participated in the population-based Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study. Of these subjects, 1859 aged > 15 years responded to a structured questionnaire on cataract, glaucoma, night blindness and diabetic retinopathy to trained field investigators. Having heard of the eye disease in...

  14. How does credit access affect children's time allocation? Evidence from rural India

    OpenAIRE

    Fuwa Nobuhiko; Ito Seiro; Kubo Kensuke; Kurosaki Takashi; Sawada Yasuyuki

    2009-01-01

    Using a unique dataset obtained from rural Andhra Pradesh, India that contains direct observations of household access to credit and detailed time use, results of this study indicate that credit market failures lead to a substantial reallocation of time used by children for activities such as schooling, household chores, remunerative work, and leisure. The negative effects of credit constraints on schooling amount to a 60% decrease of average schooling time. However, the magnitude of decrease...

  15. Demand and supply factors affecting the rising overmedicalization of birth in India

    OpenAIRE

    Leone, Tiziana

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand the interaction between health systems and individual factors in determining the probability of a cesarean delivery in India. Methods In a retrospective study, data from the 2007–2008 District Level Household and Facility Survey was used to determine the risk of cesarean delivery in six states (Punjab, Delhi, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu). Multilevel modeling was used to account for district and community effects. Results Afte...

  16. Local climate assessments in data scarce mountain areas; for example Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linsbauer, Andreas; Salzmann, Nadine; Rohrer, Mario

    2016-04-01

    High-mountain regions like the Himalayas and their adjacent downstream areas are often highly affected by climate change, climate variability and/or related extremes. As a result of cascading effects of rising air temperatures, melting glaciers, thawing permafrost - as well as anthropogenic water usage or changes in forest and agro-biodiversity - potential impacts on people's livelihood has broadened and increased. However, climate impacts assessments on physical and societal systems are often limited due to the scarcity of reliable long-term observations, particularly in remote high-mountain regions, which additionally also hampers robustness of future projections. Since livelihoods in remote high-mountain regions are particularly vulnerable to climate related impacts, and have typically only low adaptive capacities, studies assessing climate variability pattern of the past and for the future (climate baselines) are a fundamental requirement for sound impact assessments, and as such for preparing and planning adequate adaptation measures. Within the Indian Himalayas Climate Adaptation Programme (IHCAP) an integrated vulnerability and hazard and risk assessment is being conducted for the Kullu district in Himachal Pradesh, India, for the sake of supporting adaptation planning there. Related to these studies, the present work aims to provide an approach and according results for climatological baseline generation for regions without respective observations available or accessible. Here, we use observational gridded data sets (CRU, Delaware) and Reanalyses (ERA-20C, JRA-55, NCEP CFSR, ERA-i, NCEP/NCAR-R1) to provide spatially and temporally continuous data. For the grid boxes covering the area of interest, the time series for temperature are analysed and possible trends and variations are assessed for the time window 1981-2010, as well as the entire time line of the respective gridded dataset. The analyses reveal that the mean annual air temperatures over all levels

  17. Trends in detection of new leprosy cases at two centres in Himachal Pradesh, India: a ten-year study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahajan, V K; Sharma, N L; Rana, P; Sood, N

    2003-01-01

    An impressive decline in leprosy prevalence rate (PR) in all endemic districts of India is seen in the post-MDT era. However, the new case-detection rate, an important statistical indicator in leprosy control programmes, has not shown significant decline in spite of all efforts. In Himachal Pradesh, a decline in PR from 7.8 to 0.56/10000 between 1991 to 2000 is seen, and recently the State has won national acclaim for having achieved the goal of elimination of leprosy in all the districts. The vertical leprosy programme has been integrated into general health services of the state. An analysis of data from 1991 to 2000 of two leprosy control units of Himachal Pradesh, the Urban Leprosy Clinic in Shimla (ULC-S) and the District Leprosy Control Unit in Mandi (DLCU-M), showed no significant decline in the new cases detected. 277 and 271 new cases were detected at these centres respectively; these included 2.2% and 1.5% children of less than 14 years of age. Almost 75% of these cases were males and of MB type. A steadily increasing trend in the annual detection of new cases was seen at both the centres during the decade. The cases registered at DLCU-M were mainly indigenous to the district. At ULC-S, 45 migrant cases from other endemic areas-mainly from Nepal, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh-had also contributed to the increased number of new cases. Other possible causes discussed for this higher new case detection, e.g. overdiagnosis, detection of backlog "hidden cases" and voluntary reporting of patients, do not differ from those seen in other parts of the country or the world. PMID:15253391

  18. The first university research reactor in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As the first university research reactor in India, the low power, pool type with fixed core and low enriched uranium fuel research reactor is under construction in the Andhra university campus, Andhra Pradesh, India. The reactor is expected to be commissioned during 2001-2002. The mission of the reactor is to play the research center as a regional research facility catering to the needs of academic institutions and industrial organizations of this region of the country. Further, to encourage interdisplinary and multidisplinary research activities, to supply radioisotope and labelled compounds to the user institutions and to create awareness towards the peaceful uses of atomic energy. This report describes its objectives, status and future plans in brief. (H. Itami)

  19. CORRELATION OF GEOMORPHOMETRIC PARAMETERS FOR THE HYDROLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF MEGHADRIGEDDA WATERSHED, VISAKHAPATNAM, INDIA – A GIS APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    USHA CHIRALA; NOOKA RATNAM KINTHADA; MURALI KRISHNA GURRAM

    2012-01-01

    Meghadrigedda, a non-perennial drainage system is one of the major water resource systems of Visakhapatnam city located in the north coastal part of Andhra Pradesh, India. The study was intended to present a twodimensional approach to describe the properties of Meghadrigadda drainage morphometry at sub-basin level using GIS as a tool for the analysis. Both linear as well as aerial morphometry parameters were analysed and computed to reveal the morphometric aspects governing the Meghadrigedda ...

  20. Food Subsidy, Income Transfer and the Poor: A Comparative Analysis of the Public Distribution System in India's States

    OpenAIRE

    Raghbendra Jha; Raghav Gaiha; Pandey, Manoj K.; Nidhi Kaicker

    2011-01-01

    The Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) — the largest food subsidy programme in India — has been a dismal failure in targeting the poor. The present paper examines its performance in three Indian states — Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan, based on primary data collected for this study. As real income transfers through food price subsidies are a tiny fraction of expenditure per person under this scheme, a contribution of the present study is to model determinants of real income...

  1. Teaching quality counts: how student outcomes relate to quality of teaching in private and public schools in India

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Renu; Sarkar, Sudipa

    2012-01-01

    This mixed-methods paper investigates whether the ‘private school premium’, as manifested in student learning outcomes, is the result of better-quality teaching in private schools. Using school-, community- and household-level data from the Young Lives longitudinal study in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India, this paper makes a detailed comparison of 227 government and private schools attended by the children in the sample. The results from our regression analysis suggest that privatel...

  2. Status of Golden Jackal Canis aureus and ungulates in a small enclosed area- Van Vihar National Park, Madhya Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    S. Prerna; Advait Edgaonkar; Yogesh Dubey

    2015-01-01

    We estimated densities of Golden Jackals and five ungulate species in Van Vihar National Park, Madhya Pradesh, India.  It is an enclosed area of about 4.45km², out of which 3.5km² is available for free ranging animals.  Twenty-six transects with a combined length of 22.6km and an effort of 50.2km were walked.  A total of 1079 animal detections belonging to six different species were made.  The density of jackals was (17±3.8SE)/km2. Among the ungulates, chital had the highest density (118±18.8...

  3. Glyptothorax mibangi, a new species of catfish (Teleostei: Sisoridae) from the Tisa River, Arunachal Pradesh, northeast India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darshan, Achom; Dutta, Rashmi; Kachari, Akash; Gogoi, Budhin; Das, Debangshu Narayan

    2015-01-01

    Glyptothorax mibangi, a new sisorid catfish, is described from the Tisa River of Arunachal Pradesh, India. The new species can be distinguished from its congeners in the Ganga-Brahmaputra and Barak-Surma-Meghna basins by the following combination of characters: an obtuse leaf-shaped thoracic adhesive apparatus with a spindle-shaped median depression, skin ridges present over the entire apparatus including the depressed region; ventral surface of pectoral spine and first pelvic-fin ray non-plaited; slender body with depth of 10.4-13.5% SL; caudal peduncle shallow with depth 6.8-8.3% SL; snout long with length 52.9-58.6% HL; and 2+7 gill rakers on the first branchial arch. PMID:26249379

  4. Chronic complications in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural area of western Uttar Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoj Kumar

    2016-06-01

    Results: There were 174 males and 132 females. Majority were less than 60 years of age. 20.26% of patients had neuropathy 15.36%, retinopathy and 5.56%, nephropathy. Risk factors of macro-vascular complication such as hypertension, obesity, and dyslipidemia were observed in 38.9, 55.9%, and 54.6% of patients respectively. Coronary artery disease was noticed in 9.15%. Conclusions: Present study shows that high prevalence of micro vascular complications was present at diagnosis along with cardiovascular risk factors among T2DM patient from rural area of western Uttar Pradesh, India. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(6.000: 2292-2296

  5. A morphometric study of the Thingbu-pa and population comparison with neighbouring Monpa tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adak, D K

    2001-01-01

    In the present study an attempt has been made to examine the morphometric characteristics of the adult males of the Thinbu-pa and the nature and extent of morphometric variation among four neighbouring Monpa groups of Arunachal Pradesh (India), namely the Panchen-pa, Dirang Monpa, Tawang Monpa and Kalaktang Monpa. For the sake of investigation altogether 14 anthropometric measurements (11 pertaining to head and face and 3 on the body as a whole) have been taken and 5 indices have been calculated. To obtain the distance values the methods of Penrose (1947, 1954) and El-Najjar (1978) have been followed. It is observed that the Thingbu-pa maintain far distance with the four neighbouring Monpa groups as well as the Panchen-pa also maintain far distance with the other four groups, while the Dirang Monpa, Tawang Monpa and Kalaktang Monpa maintain close distance among each other. PMID:11838049

  6. Conservation of the threatened Sarus Crane Grus antigone (Linnaeus, 1758 around Alwara Lake in Kaushambi District, Uttar Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Prakash

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The present study deals with the distribution and conservation of the globally threatened Sarus Crane Grus antigone in Alwara Lake of district Kaushambi, Uttar Pradesh, India. It proved to be an important site since the lake under investigation was totally unexplored from the conservation point of view. Hence it was aimed at protecting the habitat of this threatened bird species by suggesting conservation measures through rural masses and policy makers. Birds were recorded in all the three transects of the lake surveyed by the authors, however, their relative abundance varied in each transect. A total of 487 cranes was actually observed, although more cranes were claimed to exist in this area by the local people. Cropland habitat harboured the maximum number of cranes. A positive correlation was observed between the crane numbers and the area of agricultural land. The authors recommend continuous population census of this species and declaration of the entire lake zone as a conservation area.

  7. Early Eocene rodents (Mammalia) from the Subathu Formation of type area (Himachal Pradesh), NW sub-Himalaya, India: Palaeobiogeographic implications

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Smita Gupta; Kishor Kumar

    2015-08-01

    Based on isolated upper cheek teeth, two new early Eocene rodents (Subathumys solanorius gen. et sp. nov. and Subathumys globulus gen. et sp. nov.) and three others (Birbalomys cf. sondaari, Birbalomys sp., cf. Chapattimys sp.) are recorded from the lower–middle part of the Subathu Formation of the type area in Himachal Pradesh, northwestern sub-Himalaya (India). The new rodents exhibit morphological features most similar to the unified ctenodactyloid family Chapattimyidae (including Yuomyidae), which is also represented in the assemblage from the upper part (middle Eocene) of the Subathu Formation. The associated lower cheek teeth are provisionally described as three indeterminate chapattimyid taxa. The new Subathu rodents are somewhat younger than the previously documented early Eocene assemblages from the Indian subcontinent, and are chronologically intermediate between the early Eocene ailuravines from Gujarat in the western peninsular India and the middle Eocene chapattimyids from northwestern India and Pakistan. They suggest that chapattimyids originated in the sub-Himalayan region during the Ypresian, which is earlier than previously believed. The absence of ailuravines in this as well as younger rodent assemblages from the subcontinent seems to suggest that ailuravines (Ischyromyidae), within a relatively short time after their appearance in the peninsular India in the early Eocene, may have been replaced by the indigenous chapattimyids. The co-occurrence in the early Eocene Subathu assemblage of three or more chapattimyids indicates their early radiation and dominance during the early and middle Eocene. This record of rodents opens the possibility of recovery of other small mammal remains in older levels of the Subathu Formation, which will be important for understanding linkage with early Eocene faunas from peninsular India, Europe and North America.

  8. State power and protected areas: Dynamics and contradictions of forest conservation in Madhya Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Véron René; Fehr Garry

    2011-01-01

    The traditionally coercive and state-controlled governance of protected areas for nature conservation in developing countries has in many cases undergone change in the context of widespread decentralization and liberalization. This article examines an emerging "mixed" (coercive, community- and market-oriented) conservation approach in managed-resource protected areas and its effects on state power through a case study on forest protection in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The fin...

  9. Demography and Ecology of Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone antigone) in Uttar Pradesh, Northern India

    OpenAIRE

    Kaushalendra Kumar Jha; Craig Roy McKinley

    2014-01-01

    Uttar Pradesh (UP) has nine different Agro-climatic Zones in which the Indian Sarus Crane (ISC, Grus anti-gone antigone) is potentially located. A census of this species was performed in 2010 in UP at potential ISC habitats such as ponds, rivers, canals, agricultural fields and others. Data were collected regarding habitat types, threats, ownership, and other characteristics. In addition to the in-field census, subjective, qualitative data were obtained through a questionnaire survey. The tot...

  10. Marine pollution monitoring and coastal processes off Andhra Coast

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sadhuram, Y.

    , under various international programmes. Andhra Pradesh has a coastline of about 640 km. Several industries are going to be set up along Visakhapatnam-Kakinada Coast, in the next few years. A 1000 MW power plant by NTPC, a big oil refinery, two Magnesia...

  11. Perceptions of Women Living with AIDS in Rural India Related to the Engagement of HIV-Trained Accredited Social Health Activists for Care and Support

    OpenAIRE

    NYAMATHI, ADELINE M.; William, Ravi Raj; Ganguly, Kalyan K; Sinha, Sanjeev; HERAVIAN, ANISA; ALBARRÁN, CYNTHIA R.; Thomas, Alexandra; Greengold, Barbara; Ekstrand, Maria; Ramakrishna, Padma; RAO, PANTANGI RAMA

    2010-01-01

    A community-based participatory research study was conducted using focus groups with 39 women living with AIDS (WLA) in the rural setting of Andhra Pradesh, India. In addition, three nurses, two physicians, and five reproductive health accredited social health activists (ASHAs) took part in focus groups. The WLA offered insight into the benefits of HIV-trained ASHAs including emotional support, assistance with travel to health care providers and antiretroviral therapy medication adherence. He...

  12. Population-based cross-sectional study of barriers to utilisation of refraction services in South India: Rapid Assessment of Refractive Errors (RARE) Study

    OpenAIRE

    Marmamula, Srinivas; Keeffe, Jill E; Raman, Usha; Rao, Gullapalli N.

    2011-01-01

    Aim To assess the barriers to the uptake of refraction services in the age group of 15–49 years in rural Andhra Pradesh, India. Methods A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted using cluster random sampling to enumerate 3300 individuals from 55 clusters. A validated questionnaire was used to elicit information on barriers to utilisation of services among individuals with uncorrected refractive error (presenting visual acuity

  13. A preliminary study on the activity budget of post released Eastern Hoolock Gibbon Hoolock leuconedys (Mammalia: Primates: Hylobatidae) in Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Kuladeep Roy; Himani Nautiyal; Soumya Dasgupta

    2015-01-01

    The Wildlife Trust of India has taken a long term responsibility to identify a suitable habitat for the threatened families of Eastern Hoolock Gibbon from a village called Dello in Arunachal Pradesh to a nearby forested area which was the earlier home of this species. There is an ongoing successful rescue and translocation programme since November, 2011 in which four Eastern Hoolock Gibbon families comprising 11 individuals were translocated in three different habitat types in and around the ...

  14. Spatial and Temporal Variation of Japanese encephalitis Disease and Detection of Disease Hotspots: a Case Study of Gorakhpur District, Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Verma, S.; R. D. Gupta

    2014-01-01

    In recent times, Japanese Encephalitis (JE) has emerged as a serious public health problem. In India, JE outbreaks were recently reported in Uttar Pradesh, Gorakhpur. The present study presents an approach to use GIS for analyzing the reported cases of JE in the Gorakhpur district based on spatial analysis to bring out the spatial and temporal dynamics of the JE epidemic. The study investigates spatiotemporal pattern of the occurrence of disease and detection of the JE hotspot. Spati...

  15. Assessment of oral mucosal lesions among psychiatric inmates residing in central jail, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India: A cross-sectional survey

    OpenAIRE

    Arjun, Torwane Nilesh; Sudhir, Hongal; R N Sahu; Saxena, Vrinda; Saxena, Eshani; Jain, Shubham

    2014-01-01

    Aim: The aim of the current cross-sectional study was to assess oral mucosal lesions among psychiatric jail patients residing in central jail, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. Materials and Methods: The study subjects consisted of prediagnosed psychiatric patients residing in central jail, Bhopal. A matched control consisting of cross section of the population, that is, jail inmates residing in the same central jail locality was also examined to compare the psychiatric subjects. The WHO oral he...

  16. Garra kalpangi, a new cyprinid fish species (Pisces: Teleostei) from upper Brahmaputra basin in Arunachal Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    K. Nebeshwar; K. Bagra; Das, D.N.

    2012-01-01

    A new cyprinid species, Garra kalpangi is described from the Kalpangi River (Brahmaputra basin) in Arunachal Pradesh, India. The species is closely similar to G. gravelyi, G. rotundinasus and G. elongata in having a shared character i.e. a weakly developed proboscis. It is distinguishable from G. gravelyi for the absence of indistinct black spot at the bases of branched dorsal fin rays and lateral stripes on the side of the body. However, G. rotundinasus possesses lateral stripe along the ...

  17. Inherited hemolytic disorders with high occurrence of b-thalassemia in Sindhi community of Jabalpur town in Madhya Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RS Balgir

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Hereditary hemolytic disorders such as hemoglobin disorders, β-thalassemia syndrome, G6PD deficiency, and ABO and Rhesus blood groups are the most common public health problems in India. Community genetic screening provides multifaceted information for finding prevalence, level of health education, preventive strategies such as genetic/marriage counseling to relieve the burden of vulnerable communities. However, such genetic screening studies are scanty in India. This study aims to find the prevalence of inherited hemolytic disorders in Sindhi community, identify the persons for genetic/marriage counseling and to suggest the relevant strategies for prevention and control to the affected families. A cross-sectional random study of 508 persons of Sindhi community belonging to all ages and both sexes was conducted for screening of hemoglobin disorders, G6PD deficiency and ABO and Rhesus (D blood groups following the standard procedures and techniques from Jabalpur town in Central India. High frequency of β-thalassemia trait (20.5%, Hb D trait (2.2% and hemoglobin D/β-thalassemia (0.2%, G6PD deficiency (0.8%, and a low prevalence of Rhesus negative (3.0% blood group was observed in Sindhi community of Jabalpur town in Madhya Pradesh. A case of β-thalassemia major and Hb D-thalassemia were also encountered. Double heterozygosity of Hb D/β-thalassemia showed hypochromic and microcytic red cell morphology with mild anemia. Inherited hemolytic disorders are an important public health challenge in Sindhi community. Preventive genetics program needs to be vigorously taken up to ameliorate the sufferings of at risk communities in India.

  18. How do People in Rural India Perceive Improved Stoves and Clean Fuel? Evidence from Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasundhara Bhojvaid

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Improved cook stoves (ICS have been widely touted for their potential to deliver the triple benefits of improved household health and time savings, reduced deforestation and local environmental degradation, and reduced emissions of black carbon, a significant short-term contributor to global climate change. Yet diffusion of ICS technologies among potential users in many low-income settings, including India, remains slow, despite decades of promotion. This paper explores the variation in perceptions of and preferences for ICS in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, as revealed through a series of semi-structured focus groups and interviews from 11 rural villages or hamlets. We find cautious interest in new ICS technologies, and observe that preferences for ICS are positively related to perceptions of health and time savings. Other respondent and community characteristics, e.g., gender, education, prior experience with clean stoves and institutions promoting similar technologies, and social norms as perceived through the actions of neighbours, also appear important. Though they cannot be considered representative, our results suggest that efforts to increase adoption and use of ICS in rural India will likely require a combination of supply-chain improvements and carefully designed social marketing and promotion campaigns, and possibly incentives, to reduce the up-front cost of stoves.

  19. Social Network and Mental Health Among Older Adults in Rural Uttar Pradesh, India: A Cross-Sectional Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Lucky; Singh, Prashant Kumar; Arokiasamy, Perianayagam

    2016-06-01

    The rapid growth of the older population in India draws attention to the factors that contribute to their changing health realities. However, there has hardly been any study in India that has looked at the effects of specific social networks with children, relatives, friends and confidant on depression among older adults. The objective of the study is to investigate the association between social network and depression among the rural elderly. The study population comprised over 630 older adults (aged 60 and above) from the rural areas of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. We adopted Berkman's theoretical model of the impact of social relations on depression among the elderly in the Indian context. Results of the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) demonstrated that the four specific social network types: children, relatives, friends and confidant were tenable. The results showed that a better social network with 'friends/neighbours' was protective against depression among the rural elderly. This clearly points to the need for more social network centres for older adults, so that they can interact with friends within the community or between communities and participate in group activities. PMID:26879450

  20. Dental prosthetic status and prosthetic needs of institutionalised elderly population in oldage homes of jabalpur city, madhya pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deogade, Suryakant C; Vinay, S; Naidu, Sonal

    2013-12-01

    Oral disorders are cumulative throughout life and hence unfavourable outcomes are likely to be greatest among the elderly. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among institutionalized geriatric population in old-age homes of Jabalpur city, Madhya Pradesh, to assess their prosthetic status and prosthetic needs. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in all the four old-age homes of Jabalpur city, Madhya Pradesh state, India. All residents aged 60 years and above formed the study population. The recording of prosthetic status and prosthetic needs was carried out according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) Oral Health Assessment Form (1997). A total of 224 individuals were included in the study of which 123 were females and 101 were males. Seventy five percent of the females and 55 % of the males had no prostheses in their upper arch and 61 % of the females and 76 % of the males had no prostheses in their lower arch. More number of males presented with 'Bridges' in their upper arch when compared to females (P value = 0.006). Highest prosthetic need in males was multi-unit prosthesis (42 % in upper arch and 41 % in lower arch) whereas, females' required full prosthesis (39 % in both the upper arch and lower arches). Ageing presents some formidable challenges, particularly with the institutionalised. This study clearly demonstrates a high insufficiency of prosthetic care among the institutionalized elderly population. Any preparation towards the provision of oral health care should not be limited to treatment alone but, more importantly focus on empowering this elderly community with information and education programmes. PMID:24431796

  1. Hardships and health impacts on women due to traditional cooking fuels: A case study of Himachal Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper explores the inter-linkages of gender, energy use, health and hardships in the Himalayan State of Himachal Pradesh in India. It brings out a gender-differentiated and age-differentiated picture of hardships and health impact on the use of traditional biofuels. The study is based on survey with questionnaires covering 4296 individuals, 729 households, 84 villages and 9 districts where biomass fuels meet 70% of household fuel needs. On an average, women walk 30 km each month taking 2.7 h per trip for fuel wood collection over hilly terrain, often at high altitudes and undergo stress like stiff-neck, backache, headache and loss of work days. Girls below 5 and females in 30–60 age-groups have higher proportion of respiratory symptoms than males of similar age-groups. While many studies are done on the health impact of cooking fuels, very little quantitative work is done on the other aspects of the fuel chain viz. collection, transportation and processing of fuels. Such studies would guide energy policy and health policy to improve the lives of women. - Highlights: ► Inter-linkages of gender, energy and health due to wood in Himachal Pradesh. ► Survey of 4296 individuals, 729 households, 84 villages and 9 districts. ► Women walk 30 km per month for fuel wood collection that supply 70% of energy needs. ► Women gather inferior fuels—dung, wood and waste, and men purchase LPG and kerosene. ► More than 50% suffer from neck ache, backache, headache or bruises from gathering fuels.

  2. A strategic assessment of cervical cancer prevention and treatment services in 3 districts of Uttar Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dzuba Ilana

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite being a preventable disease, cervical cancer claims the lives of almost half a million women worldwide each year. India bears one-fifth of the global burden of the disease, with approximately 130,000 new cases a year. In an effort to assess the need and potential for improving the quality of cervical cancer prevention and treatment services in Uttar Pradesh, a strategic assessment was conducted in three of the state's districts: Agra, Lucknow, and Saharanpur. Methods Using an adaptation of stage one of the World Health Organization's Strategic Approach to Improving Reproductive Health Policies and Programmes, an assessment of the quality of cervical cancer services was carried out by a multidisciplinary team of stakeholders. The assessment included a review of the available literature, observations of services, collection of hospital statistics and the conduct of qualitative research (in-depth interviews and focus group discussions to assess the perspectives of women, providers, policy makers and community members. Results There were gaps in provider knowledge and practices, potentially attributable to limited provider training and professional development opportunities. In the absence of a state policy on cervical cancer, screening of asymptomatic women was practically absent, except in the military sector. Cytology-based cancer screening tests (i.e. pap smears were often used to help diagnose women with symptoms of reproductive tract infections but not routinely screen asymptomatic women. Access to appropriate treatment of precancerous lesions was limited and often inappropriately managed by hysterectomy in many urban centers. Cancer treatment facilities were well equipped but mostly inaccessible for women in need. Finally, policy makers, community members and clients were mostly unaware about cervical cancer and its preventable nature, although with information, expressed a strong interest in having services

  3. Genetic Analysis of ABO and Rh Blood Groups in Backward Caste Population of Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Rai, Vandana; Kumar, Pradeep

    2011-01-01

    A series of glycoproteins and glycolipids on red blood cell surface constitute blood group antigens. These are AB, A, B and O in ABO blood group system and Rh in rhesus blood group system. A total of 1065 unrelated Backward Caste (OBC) individuals from Uttar Pradesh were studied for the phenotype and allele frequency distribution of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups. Total 1065 samples analyzed, phenotype B blood type has the highest frequency 36.81% (n=392), followed by O (32.68%; n=348), A (23.66...

  4. Congruence of genomic and ethnolinguistic affinities among five tribal populations of Madhya Pradesh (India)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Namita Mukherjee; Mitashree Mitra; Madan Chakraborty; Partha P. Majumder

    2000-08-01

    The central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh is home to a large number of tribal populations of diverse linguistic and ethnic backgrounds. With a view to examining how well genomic affinities among tribal populations of this state correspond with their ethnic and linguistic affinities, we analysed DNA samples of individuals drawn from five tribes with diverse, but reasonably well-documented, ethnohistorical and linguistic backgrounds. Each DNA sample was scored at 16 biallelic DNA marker loci. On the basis of these data, genomic affinities among these populations were estimated. We have found an extremely good correspondence between the genomic and ethnolinguistic affinities.

  5. Growth and Financing of Elementary Education in Uttar Pradesh:A Province in India

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    P. Geetha Rani

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The present article attempts to study financing patterns of elementary education in Uttar Pradesh. A review of educational development in the state reveals that the goal of universalizing elementary education in a resource-poor state seems to be elusive in the near future. Neither the financing pattern of education per se nor elementary education in particular is conducive to achieving the target of universal elementary education. The magnitude of out-of-school children (leaving or dropped-out children vis-à-vis the resources allocated toward elementary education provides a gloomy picture in the state. Financing the additional resources required to universalize elementary education in the state would require significant reallocations in overall expenditure with federal assistance, since the fiscal situation in Uttar Pradesh is highly imbalanced. The state and central government should bear the entire responsibility of funding and ensure the twin principles of equity and efficiency in the public education system in the state. This requires an indomitable political commitment in terms of reorientation of spending priorities and improving the efficiency of resource use in the state. This study reaffirms that the goal of universal elementary education could become a reality only if there is a joint commitment between the federal and state polities.

  6. EMPLOYMENT OF AGRICULTURAL LABOURERS IN ANDHRA PRADESH

    OpenAIRE

    R. Ramanaidu

    2015-01-01

    Human resources in an economy constitute a Hsignificant input in the production process of goods and services. The study of human resources their quality and problems is of immense use in manpower planning in both developing as well as developed economies. The agriculture is the major sector of Indian economy. Most of the population is depending upon agriculture which is contributing about half of the national income in the country. The agricultural labour constitutes an overwhelmingly pre...

  7. Small scale exploitation of uranium: a case study from Kandi area, Shimla district, Himachal Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Small and medium-sized uranium deposits generally remain unexploited because they are not attractive economically to the large exploitation agencies. The case history of heap-leaching investigations attempted in respect of the uranium deposit at Kandi area in Himachal Pradesh, show that it is technically feasible and economically viable to recover uranium from such deposits by optimum utilisation of available technology and resources, with a limited and overlapping time-frame and apportioning of costs to various activities in the process. Such operations have large potential in areas where accessibility and logistics exclude the entry of big exploiting agency, and can be adopted for recovery of high-value low-tonnage uranium in large parts of the country bestowed with a large number of such small and medium sized deposits. (author). 4 refs., 4 figs

  8. Self-reported occupational health problems among dentists in Himachal Pradesh, India: A descriptive survey

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    Vinay Kumar Bhardwaj

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Occupation-related health problems are associated with risk or danger as a consequence of the nature of working conditions. Unique working conditions in dentistry can affect the health of dentists. Aim: The aim of this study is to collect information from dentists in Himachal Pradesh concerning common occupation-related health problems, their knowledge and the precautions they commonly took to avoid such problems. Settings and Design: Questionnaire survey conducted on a systematic random sample of 465 dentists among 1395 dentists registered in the state dental council. Materials and Methods: Questionnaires were sent by mail in September 2011 to systematic random sample of 465 dentists. The dentists were asked to complete the questionnaire and return it by mail using the stamped addressed envelope provided. Statistically Analysis Used: The data were analyzed using the software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 15 (SPSS Inc., Chicago. Z test was used for statistical comparison. Results: The response rate from the dentists was 81.7%. The most common problem experienced was musculoskeletal pain (46.1% followed by allergic dermatitis of the hands (7.6%. Nearly, all of the respondent dentists wore gloves (100% and face masks (97.4% during work. 1/10 th respondents reported that they had received instructions or training through interactive workshops in occupational health and safety. Conclusions: There seems to be a substantial demand for continuing education on occupational health and safety among dentists in Himachal Pradesh. Hence, more emphasis on occupational health and safety is put into dental training with more continuing education activities on occupational health and safety to practicing dentists.

  9. Assessment of oral mucosal lesions among eunuchs residing in Bhopal city, Madhya Pradesh, India: A cross-sectional study

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    Nilesh Arjun Torwane

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The present cross-sectional study following the STROBE guidelines was conducted to assess the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among males, females, and eunuchs residing in Bhopal city, Madhya Pradesh India. Materials and Methods: Based on convenient non-probability snowball sampling technique, all the self-identified eunuchs residing in the city of Bhopal who were present at the time of examination and who fulfilled the selection criteria were examined. A cross section of the general population (males and females residing in the same locality where these eunuchs live was also examined. The World Health Organization (WHO oral health assessment proforma (1997 was used to collect the information on oral mucosal lesions. All the obtained data were analyzed by using a Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20. Results: Overall prevalence of oral mucosal lesions was 127 (19.9% among the study subjects. Fifty-nine (28.5% eunuchs, 56 (25.7% males, and 12 (5.6% females were observed to have some oral mucosal lesions. Oral submucous fibrosis (6.4%, leukoplakia (5.5%, and traumatic ulceration (4.2% were the major oral mucosal conditions observed. Conclusion: The information presented in this study adds to our understanding of the common oral mucosal lesions occurring in the eunuch population. Efforts to increase patient awareness of the oral effects of tobacco use and to eliminate the habit are needed to improve the oral and general health of eunuchs.

  10. Amblyceps waikhomi, a New Species of Catfish (Siluriformes: Amblycipitidae) from the Brahmaputra Drainage of Arunachal Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darshan, Achom; Kachari, Akash; Dutta, Rashmi; Ganguly, Arijit; Das, Debangshu Narayan

    2016-01-01

    Amblyceps waikhomi sp. nov. is described from the Nongkon stream which drains into the Noa Dehing River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River, in Arunachal Pradesh, India. The new species can be distinguished from congeners (except A. torrentis) in having a deeper body depth at anus. It further differs from congeners (except A. mangois and A. serratum) in having fewer vertebrae, from A. mangois in lacking (vs. having) strongly-developed projections on the proximal lepidotrichia of the median caudal-fin rays, and in having a longer, wider, and deeper head; and from A. serratum in having a posteriorly smooth (vs. with 4-5 serrations) pectoral spine, and unequal jaw length (lower jaw longer and weakly-projecting anteriorly vs. equal upper and lower jaws). It additionally differs from A. murraystuarti, A. torrentis, A. apangi, A. laticeps, and A. cerinum in having a deeply forked (vs. emarginate or truncate) caudal fin. This species is the seventh amblycipitid species known to occur in the Ganga-Brahmaputra River system. PMID:26840400

  11. Paisang (Quercus griffithii): a keystone tree species in sustainable agroecosystem management and livelihoods in Arunachal Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ranjay K; Singh, Anshuman; Garnett, Stephen T; Zander, Kerstin K; Lobsang; Tsering, Darge

    2015-01-01

    In a study of the traditional livelihoods of 12 Monpa and Brokpa villages in Arunachal Pradesh, India using social-ecological and participatory rural appraisal techniques, we found that the forest tree species paisang (Quercus griffithii, a species of oak) is vital to agroecosystem sustainability. Paisang trees are conserved both by individuals and through community governance, because their leaves play a crucial role in sustaining 11 traditional cropping systems of the Monpa peoples. An Indigenous institution, Chhopa, regulates access to paisang leaves, ensuring that the relationship between paisang and traditional field crop species within Monpa agroecosystems is sustainable. The Monpa farmers also exchange leaves and agricultural products for yak-based foods produced by the transhumant Brokpa, who are primarily yak herders. Yak herds also graze in paisang groves during winter. These practices have enabled the conservation of about 33 landraces, yak breeds, and a number of wild plants. Paisang thus emerged as a culturally important keystone species in the cultures and livelihoods of both Monpa and Brokpa. Ecological and conservation knowledge and ethics about paisang vary with gender, social systems, and altitudes. Labor shortages, however, have already caused some changes to the ways in which paisang leaves are used and yak grazing patterns are also changing in the face of changes in attitude among local landowners. Given new competing interests, incentives schemes are now needed to conserve the ecologically sustainable traditional livelihoods. PMID:25343981

  12. Study on Measuring the Quality of Work Life among Third Grade Employees in Naini Industrial Area Allahabad Uttar Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Archana Chandra

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This research paper based on measure the Quality of Work Life with the help of a self-developed measuring scale among the third grade employees of Naini Industrial Area from various Industries namely Baidyanath Ayurved Bhawan Pvt Ltd, Alstom India Pvt Ltd, Dey’s Medical, ITI Ltd, SAIL Marketing Unit and BPCL which is come under the Allahabad District of Uttar Pradesh State. Quality of work life can be defined as the environment at the work place provided to the people on the job. QWL programs is the another dimension in which employers has the responsibility to provide congenial environment i.e. excellent working conditions where people can perform excellent work also their health as well as economic health of the organization is also met. The quality of personal life is always reflected in professional life and vice versa. Now a day to retain the employees in the organization providing healthy QWL is the key factor. In earlier times QWL means only job enrichment. In addition to improving the work system, QWL programs usually emphasize on development of employee skills, the reduction of occupational stress and the development of more co-operative labor-management relations.

  13. Paisang ( Quercus griffithii): A Keystone Tree Species in Sustainable Agroecosystem Management and Livelihoods in Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ranjay K.; Singh, Anshuman; Garnett, Stephen T.; Zander, Kerstin K.; Lobsang; Tsering, Darge

    2015-01-01

    In a study of the traditional livelihoods of 12 Monpa and Brokpa villages in Arunachal Pradesh, India using social-ecological and participatory rural appraisal techniques, we found that the forest tree species paisang ( Quercus griffithii, a species of oak) is vital to agroecosystem sustainability. Paisang trees are conserved both by individuals and through community governance, because their leaves play a crucial role in sustaining 11 traditional cropping systems of the Monpa peoples. An Indigenous institution, Chhopa, regulates access to paisang leaves, ensuring that the relationship between paisang and traditional field crop species within Monpa agroecosystems is sustainable. The Monpa farmers also exchange leaves and agricultural products for yak-based foods produced by the transhumant Brokpa, who are primarily yak herders. Yak herds also graze in paisang groves during winter. These practices have enabled the conservation of about 33 landraces, yak breeds, and a number of wild plants. Paisang thus emerged as a culturally important keystone species in the cultures and livelihoods of both Monpa and Brokpa. Ecological and conservation knowledge and ethics about paisang vary with gender, social systems, and altitudes. Labor shortages, however, have already caused some changes to the ways in which paisang leaves are used and yak grazing patterns are also changing in the face of changes in attitude among local landowners. Given new competing interests, incentives schemes are now needed to conserve the ecologically sustainable traditional livelihoods.

  14. The food habits of the Himalayan Brown Bear Ursus arctos (Mammalia: Carnivora: Ursidae in Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh, India

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    Bipan C. Rathore

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available We documented the food habits of the Himalayan Brown Bear Ursus arctos in Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh, India, between 2002 and 2004 using scat analysis (n=222, direct observation (n=57, and feeding sign observations (n=57.  We concluded that Himalayan Brown Bears lead a predominantly herbivorous life style as plant matter occurred more frequently in scats (79% than animal matter (21%.  During summer, monsoon and fall, the frequency occurrence of plant matter was 72.2%, 77% and 91% respectively.  During early summer, brown bears foraged primarily on green vegetation such as Rumex nepalensis followed by Chaerophyllum reflexum.  Based on direct feeding observations, brown bears were observed to be feeding on 29 species of plants including agricultural crops and one fungi, Morchella esculenta.  The overuse by livestock, decline in local herbs and excessive extraction of high altitudinal medicinal plants in this habitat may pose a threat to the fragmented brown bear population. 

  15. Economic feasibility of electricity production from energy plantations present on community-managed forestlands in Madhya Pradesh, India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dwivedi, Puneet [School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Room 374, Newins-Ziegler Hall, P.O. Box 110410, FL 32611-0410 (United States); Alavalapati, Janaki R.R. [Department of Forestry Virginia Tech 313 Cheatham Hall (mail code: 0324) Blacksburg, VA (United States)

    2009-01-15

    This paper assesses economic feasibility of utilizing community-managed degraded forest areas for raising energy crops and using the produced biomass for electricity production in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India through gasification technology. Three fast-growing species, three gasifiers of different capacities, three capital costs, and two scenarios of carbon payments were considered for analysis. Sensitivity and risk analyses were undertaken for determining the effects of variations in inputs on selected outputs. Results suggest that 5 million megawatt hour electricity can be generated annually which will prevent 4 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year. The production cost of a unit of electricity was found inversely related to the scale of production. The average cost of electricity at the consumer level produced using 100 kW gasifier was $0.15/kWh, which was greater than the price of electricity supplied from grid i.e. $0.08/kWh. The unit cost of producing electricity using Acacia nilotica was lowest among all the selected species. Technological advancements suitable government incentives are needed to promote electricity generation from forest biomass through gasification technology. This will help in spurring economic development and reducing overall ecological footprint of the state. (author)

  16. Composition and antioxidant activity of Senecio nudicaulis Wall. ex DC. (Asteraceae): a medicinal plant growing wild in Himachal Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Pankaj; Shah, G C

    2015-01-01

    The composition of essential oil isolated from Senecio nudicaulis Wall. ex DC. growing wild in Himachal Pradesh, India, was analysed, for the first time, by capillary gas chromatography (GC) and GC-mass spectrometry. A total of 30 components representing 95.3% of the total oil were identified. The essential oil was characterised by a high content of oxygenated sesquiterpenes (54.97%) with caryophyllene oxide (24.99%) as the major component. Other significant constituents were humulene epoxide-II (21.25%), α-humulene (18.75%), β-caryophyllene (9.67%), epi-α-cadinol (2.90%), epi-α-muurolol (2.03%), β-cedrene (1.76%), longiborneol (1.76%), 1-tridecene (1.16%) and citronellol (1.13%). The oil was screened for antioxidant activity using DPPH, ABTS and nitric oxide-scavenging assay. The oil was found to exhibit significant antioxidant activity by scavenging DPPH, ABTS and nitric oxide radicals with IC50 values of 10.61 ± 0.14 μg mL(- 1), 11.85 ± 0.28 μg mL(- 1) and 11.29 ± 0.42 μg mL(- 1), respectively. PMID:25515495

  17. Water Quality Assessment Using Physico-Chemical Parameters and Heavy Metals of Gobind Sagar Lake, Himachal Pradesh (India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vandana Sharma

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Today the environment has become harmful for the health of living organisms due to excessive pollution and contamination of natural resources. The present investigation has been carried out with the objective to assess the water quality of the Gobind Sagar Lake, Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh (India using physico-chemical parameters with heavy metals of the lake. For this study, three sampling sites were identified and samples from different sites were collected in summer season and important parameters [Water Temperature , pH, Total Hardness, Dissolved Carbon Dioxide (CO2, Dissolved Oxygen (DO, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD, Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD, Chloride, Total Alkalinity, Total Dissolved Solid (TDS] with heavy metals [ Lead (P, Copper (Co, Iron (Fe, Cadmium (Cd, Nickel (Ni and Manganese (Mn, Chromium (Cr were analyzed. The results revealed that the different conditions of Gobind Sagar Lake in different sampling stations showed fluctuations in some physico-chemical parameters and also in heavy metals. These result depicted that water of lake was polluted in the form of nutrient enrichment which is due to agricultural activities and its runoff in and around catchment area of the lake. There are other many ways that things can end up in the lake as the free style way of disposal of industrial and domestic effluents etc. Results of studies on heavy metals in pollution are well documented revealing the toxic effects of these metals on aquatic organisms.

  18. Mineralogy of the P-12 K-Ti-richterite diopside olivine lamproite from Wajrakarur, Andhra Pradesh, India: implications for subduction-related magmatism in eastern India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Gurmeet; Mitchell, Roger H.

    2016-04-01

    The P-12 "para-kimberlite" from Wajrakarur consists of forsteritic olivine, Al-Na-poor diopside, Fe-Ti-rich, Al-poor phlogopite, K-Ti-richterite, spinel, perovskite, cymrite, apatite, barite, Ba-Sr- bearing calcite, gittinsite, witherite, strontianite, and hydrogrossular (hydrogarnet). The rock also contains small clasts consisting dominantly of calcite, with lesser Ba-Sr-bearing calcite, cymrite, barite, strontianite, witherite, apatite, and hydrogrossular. Two generations of forsteritic olivine (Fo80-93) crystals are present: common phenocrystal-to-microphenocrystal; and rare anhedral macrocrystic olivines. Phlogopite occurs as microphenocrysts and as groundmass poikilitic plates with inclusions of spinel, perovskite, apatite, and chlorite pseudomorphs (after pyroxene). Phlogopites also occur as reaction rims around olivine crystals. The phlogopites have extremely low Al2O3 (2.2-3.8 wt.%), moderate-to-high FeO (6.9-16 wt.%), TiO2(1.9-4.6 wt.%), and Na2O (0.4-2.7 wt.%) contents and are enriched in fluorine (up to 6.0 wt.%) and considered to be tetraferriphlogopite. The pyroxenes occur in five parageneses as: (1) phenocrysts and microphenocrysts; (2) small slender crystals(time from the groundmass carbonate-chlorite mesostasis of a lamproite. Square-to-rectangular crystals of cymrite and hydrogrossular occur in the carbonate clasts and groundmass material. Barite anhedra commonly occur in the carbonate clasts together with witherite, strontianite, and Ba-Sr-bearing calcite. The texture and compositions of olivine, phlogopite, spinel, and K-Ti-richterite, together with the presence of cymrite pseudomorphs, possibly after potassium feldspar, demonstrate that this intrusion is a bona fide olivine lamproite and not a kimberlite. It is postulated that this, and other lamproites, located adjacent to the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt, are derived by extensional decompressional melting of ancient subduction zones underlying the cratonic regions.

  19. Adherence to zinc supplementation guidelines for the treatment of diarrhea among children under–five in Uttar Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura M Lamberti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available There is limited evidence on adherence to the recommended dose and duration of zinc supplementation for diarrheal episodes in children under five years of age. In selected districts of Uttar Pradesh, India, we sought to assess adherence to the nationally advised zinc treatment regimen (ie, 10 mg/day for ages 2–6 months and 20 mg/day for ages 7–59 months for 14 days among caregivers of zinc–prescribed children. We identified and conducted follow–up visits to children advised zinc for the treatment of diarrhea. At the initial visit, we collected data on the treatment instructions received from providers. Caregivers were asked to record treatments administered on a pictorial tracking form and were asked to retain all packaging for collection at follow–up. We quantified the average dose and duration of zinc therapy and built logistic regression models to assess the factors associated with caregiver adherence to national guidelines. Caregivers administered zinc for an average of 10.7 days (standard deviation (SD = 3.9 days; median = 13 days, and 47.8% continued treatment for the complete 14 days. Among children receiving zinc syrups and tablets respectively, the age appropriate dose was received by 30.8% and 67.3%. Adherence to age appropriate dose and continuation of zinc for 14 days were highly associated with having received appropriate provider instructions. Our results indicate moderate–to–good adherence to national zinc treatment guidelines for diarrhea among caregivers in rural India. Our findings also highlight the importance of provider guidance in ensuring adherence to zinc dose and duration. Programs aiming to scale–up zinc treatment for childhood diarrhea should train providers to successfully communicate dosing instructions to caregivers, while also addressing the tendency of caregivers to terminate treatment once a child appears to have recovered from an acute diarrheal episode.

  20. Prevalence of thinness among the adolescent girls (age group 13yrs-18yrs of Garhkhal Village of Himachal Pradesh, India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyanka Rani Garg

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Normal Tablo"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} Malnutrition has now been redefined in terms of “under nutrition” and conceptualized in terms of thinness which is an important problem among children and adolescents in rural areas of developing countries like India. Therefore, present study was carried out to assess the prevalence of thinness among the adolescent girls (age group 13yrs-18yrs of Garhkhal Village of Himachal Pradesh, India. The study design was cross-sectional. Height and weight were measured and Body Mass Index (BMI was carried out. Identification of thinness was done according to the new International BMI-based classification cut offs as given by Cole et al., 2007. In general the mean BMI increased with increasing age. Overall age-combined prevalence was 79.5%. Present study indicated the poor health status of the adolescent girls of the selected area which indicates the high nutritional stress among them as evident from the thinness prevalent among them.

  1. Demography and Ecology of Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone antigone in Uttar Pradesh, Northern India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaushalendra Kumar Jha

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Uttar Pradesh (UP has nine different Agro-climatic Zones in which the Indian Sarus Crane (ISC, Grus anti-gone antigone is potentially located. A census of this species was performed in 2010 in UP at potential ISC habitats such as ponds, rivers, canals, agricultural fields and others. Data were collected regarding habitat types, threats, ownership, and other characteristics. In addition to the in-field census, subjective, qualitative data were obtained through a questionnaire survey. The total population of ISC was observed to be 11,905 and the population demonstrated a recruitment rate of 13%. No evidence supporting a declining population status was found. Some Agro-climatic Zones indicated a high population of cranes. For example, the Cen-tral Plain and the South Western Semi-Arid Plain had over 4,300 individuals each. Conversely, a very low population was observed in the Tarai Agro-climatic Zone, and no cranes were observed in Vindhyan Zone. ISC appear to form social organization and demonstrate omnivorous feeding habits. Their habitats were considered to be under various categories and degrees of threats. The most common threats appeared to be the result of pollution and agricultural development. The data collected could be useful in further planning of research and conservation efforts in the state and elsewhere.

  2. Genetic Analysis of ABO and Rh Blood Groups in Backward Caste Population of Uttar Pradesh, India

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    Vandana RAI

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A series of glycoproteins and glycolipids on red blood cell surface constitute blood group antigens. These are AB, A, B and O in ABO blood group system and Rh in rhesus blood group system. A total of 1065 unrelated Backward Caste (OBC individuals from Uttar Pradesh were studied for the phenotype and allele frequency distribution of ABO and Rh (D blood groups. Total 1065 samples analyzed, phenotype B blood type has the highest frequency 36.81% (n=392, followed by O (32.68%; n=348, A (23.66%; n=252 and AB (6.85%; n=73. The overall phenotypic frequencies of ABO blood groups were B>O>A>AB. The allelic frequencies of O, A, and B alleles were 0.5819, 0.1674 and 0.2506 respectively. Out of total 1065 samples, 1018 (95.59% samples were Rh-positive and 47 (4.41% were Rh-negative. Phenotypic frequency of Rh-negative in Koari, Yadav, Kurmi and Maurya samples were 0.99%, 4%, 1.4% and 7.6% respectively.

  3. Snakebite profile from a medical college in rural setting in the hills of Himachal Pradesh, India

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    Sujeet Raina

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective of the following study is to assess the clinical profiles and manifestations of snakebite patients in the rural hilly setting of Shivalik and the Lesser Himalayan region of Himachal Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A hospital record-based retrospective descriptive study was carried out that included details on demography, clinical profile, treatment and outcome among 200 patients over a period of 2 years. The data was analyzed using Chi-square test for comparison. Results: 142 (71% patients were young (age group of 16-45 years and the number of male patients was 118 (59% and female patients were 82 (41%. All the cases recorded presented in the months of April to November. Not a single case was recorded from December to March. The most frequently bitten sites were the lower limbs particularly the feet. 86 (43% of the patients presented without any features of envenomation. Neuroparalysis was the commonest presentation in 53 (46% patients followed by hemotoxicity in 36 (31% among symptomatic patients. Early morning neuroparalysis syndrome was the presentation in 26.4% patients. Allergic reactions in the form of early anaphylaxis were noted in 7% patients. Conclusion: Snake bite is a neglected tropical disease affecting poor villagers in rural areas. Future research focusing on understanding epidemiological determinants of snake bite is desired.

  4. Economic evaluation of Japanese encephalitis vaccination programme in Uttar Pradesh, India: A cost-benefit study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaushal Singh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background & objectives: Japanese encephalitis (JE is a major cause of child mortality and disability in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The disease is vaccine preventable since 1941. Yet no major vaccination was available for public health intervention. After a massive breakout in 2005, the government launched vaccination programme in 11 most endemic districts and is planning to incorporate the vaccine in routine immunization with DPT (Diptheria, pertussis and tatanus booster dose. The paper aims to estimate discounted net benefits and internal rate of return (IRR to evaluate the economic feasibility for elimination of JE by utilizing available secondary information. Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from different sources to estimate societal costs and benefits from JE interventions with a 5 yr project period. Total costs are estimated based on the unit cost of inputs used for interventions. The benefits are derived from resources saved due to the reduction of JE incidence. Net benefits and IRRs are estimated based on standard procedures used in the field of economics. Results: A total discounted net benefit of JE vaccination is Rs 598.52 million with 291% IRR. The result suggests that for every rupee invested in vaccination at present will yield Rs 11 benifit per person over five years. The regional benefits from the interventions will be greater than the sum of benefits gained by the individual country due to its nature of public goods. Conclusion: Vaccination against JE is a good investment opportunity despite all operational issues associated with it.

  5. Benchmarking Local Government Performance on Rural Sanitation : Learning from Himachal Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    Open defecation is a traditional behavior in rural India. Conventional rural sanitation programs have been based on the assumption that people defecate in the open because they are too poor to afford the cost of constructing a toilet. Therefore, subsidies for upfront capital costs were provided to generate demand for 'sanitation,' interpreted narrowly as a pour-flush toilet. These programs...

  6. Practices of entomophagy and entomotherapy by members of the Nyishi and Galo tribes, two ethnic groups of the state of Arunachal Pradesh (North-East India)

    OpenAIRE

    Ghosh Sampat; Chakravorty Jharna; Meyer-Rochow Victor

    2011-01-01

    Abstract We prepared a consolidated list of edible and therapeutic insects used in Arunachal Pradesh (N.E. India) by two tribal societies (i.e., the Nyishi of East Kameng and the Galo of West Siang). The list is based on thorough, semi-structured field-interviews with 20 informants of each tribal group. At least 81 species of local insects, belonging to 26 families and five orders of insects, namely Coleoptera (24 species), Orthoptera (17 species), Hemiptera (16 species), Hymenoptera (15 spec...

  7. A note on the high elevation distribution record of Red Panda Ailurus fulgens (Mammalia: Carnivora: Ailuridae in Tawang District, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Dorjee

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The present record provides one of the highest documented presence information of red pandas in India, in remote parts of western Arunachal Pradesh. The record came in the form of carcass of a Red Panda which was accidentally caught in an animal snare in remote sub-alpine mountain slopes at 4325m above sea level inside a Community Conserved Area in Tawang District, discovered during a monitoring trip by the villagers. The record also showcases the rich biodiversity of the area and the local community’s efforts to safeguard it.

  8. Prevalence of Peste-des-petits-ruminant virus antibodies in cattle, buffaloes, sheep and goats in India

    OpenAIRE

    V. Balamurugan; Krishnamoorthy, P.; Raju, D. S. N.; Rajak, K. K.; Bhanuprakash, V.; Pandey, A. B.; Gajendragad, M. R.; Prabhudas, K.; Rahman, H

    2013-01-01

    The present study describes the prevalence of Peste-des-petits-ruminant virus (PPRV) antibodies in cattle, buffaloes, sheep and goats carried out during the period 2011 using the serum samples randomly collected from different villages of five states of India. A total of 1,498 serum samples [n = 605 (cattle); n = 432 (buffaloes); n = 173 (sheep); n = 288 (goats)] were collected from 52 districts in five states (Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra and Rajasthan) of India an...

  9. Innovative models of power generation: the captive-collective experience of consumer participation in power development in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    While the need for power increases, and costs of generation are on the rise, developing nations face the particular challenge of developing power systems despite a lack of national and local government funds. In this paper, it is suggested that consumer participation, technical innovation, and managerial flexibility may provide the answers, and the Andhra Pradesh Gas Power Corporation Limited in India is offered as a model venture which successfully responds to the region's power and resource specifications. Through the formation of a 'captive-collective' and 'capital-cooperative' plant, a joint venture of the Andhra Pradesh State Electricity Board and some bulk industrial consumers, the respective needs of all parties were met with great success. Such large-scale power projects, set up and managed by consumers with the technical assistance of State Electricity Boards, can substantially reduce costs for consumers while engaging in technologies that reduce environmental pollution and resource degradation. Consumer participation is highlighted as the key element for positive power development, and it is argued that the success of projects such as the one undertaken in Andhra Pradesh illustrate the possibility and necessity for consumer-initiated and consumer-managed power ventures. (author)

  10. Status of Golden Jackal Canis aureus and ungulates in a small enclosed area- Van Vihar National Park, Madhya Pradesh, India

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    S. Prerna

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We estimated densities of Golden Jackals and five ungulate species in Van Vihar National Park, Madhya Pradesh, India.  It is an enclosed area of about 4.45km², out of which 3.5km² is available for free ranging animals.  Twenty-six transects with a combined length of 22.6km and an effort of 50.2km were walked.  A total of 1079 animal detections belonging to six different species were made.  The density of jackals was (17±3.8SE/km2. Among the ungulates, chital had the highest density (118±18.8SE/km2 followed by Sambar (34.1±6.9 SE/km2, Nilgai (13.1±2.8SE/km2, Blackbuck (6.6±1.5 SE/km2 and Wild Pig (3.7±0.8 SE/km2.  The ungulate biomass was found to be (12979.2±2463.26 SEkg/km2.  Chital biomass was the highest at (5574.2±886.58 SEkg/km2, followed by Sambar biomass of (4569.4±913.75 SEkg/km2, Nilgai (2358±523.24 SEkg/km2, Blackbuck (211.2±66.18 SEkg/km2 and Wild Pig (118.4±28.37 SEkg/km2.  The sex ratio was calculated and most ungulates had female-biased adult sex ratio. 

  11. Dimensions of nutritional vulnerability: Assessment of women and children in Sahariya tribal community of Madhya Pradesh in India

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    Suparna Ghosh-Jerath

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Tribal communities are "at risk" of undernutrition due to geographical isolation and suboptimal utilization of health services. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the nutritional status of Sahariya tribes of Madhya Pradesh (MP, India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in villages inhabited by Sahariya tribal community (specifically women in reproductive age group and children under 5 years in three districts of MP. Dietary surveys, anthropometric and biochemical assessments were carried out and descriptive statistics on the socio-economic and nutritional profile were reported. Association between household (HH food security and nutritional status of children was carried out using the logistic regression. Strength of effects were summarized by odd′s ratio. Results: Chronic energy deficiency and anemia was observed in 42.4% and 90.1% of women respectively. Underweight, stunting and wasting among under five children were 59.1%, 57.3% and 27.7% respectively. Low food security was found in 90% of HHs and the odds of children being underweight and stunted when belonging to HHs with low and very low food security was found to be significant (P = 0.01 and 0.04 respectively. Calorie, fat, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin C and folic acid intake among women was lower than recommended dietary allowance. Infant and young child feeding practices were suboptimal. Awareness on nutritional disorders and utilization of nutrition and health services was poor. Conclusion: A high prevalence of undernutrition and dietary deficiency exists among Sahariyas. System strengthening, community empowerment and nutrition education may play a pivotal role in addressing this.

  12. Indoor radon measurements in the dwellings of Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh, India, using LR-115 nuclear track detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dhiman, M. [Punjab Technical University (India); Mehra, R. [Department of Physics, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology (India); Tyagi, A.K. [Department of Applied Sciences, Shaheed Bhagat Singh College of Engineering and Technology (India)

    2014-07-01

    Study of indoor radon was carried out in the domestic environment of 15 villages of Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, India. Time integrated track etch technique has been used for the measurement of indoor radon levels. Bare cellulose nitrate LR-115 type II films have been used as detectors in the survey of indoor radon for four seasons of three months each covering a period of one year from March 2012 to March 2013. The houses were chosen randomly in such a way that the dwellings constructed with different types of building materials such as soil, bricks, cement, marble, concrete, wood in different localities of the village are covered. It has been found that indoor radon concentration depends upon the type of house, ventilation condition etc. The calibration constant of 1 track cm{sup -2} day{sup -1} which is equal to 50 Bqm{sup -3} has been used to express radon concentration in Bqm{sup -3}. The conversion factors have been used to calculate the exposure (an exposure of an individual to radon progeny of 1 WLM is equivalent to 3.54 mJ h m{sup -3}), the annual effective dose (1 WLM=3.88 mSv) and the lifetime fatality risk (3 x 10{sup -4} WLM). Indoor radon concentrations were found to vary from 132.25 Bqm{sup -3} to 449.75 Bqm{sup -3} with an average value of 261.40 Bqm{sup -3}. Annual effective dose in these dwellings were found to vary form 2.78 mSv to 7.68 mSv with an average value of 4.5 mSv. The average radon concentration in dwellings in most of the villages falls in the action level (200-600 Bqm{sup -3}) recommended by International Commission on Radiological Protection. Document available in abstract form only. (authors)

  13. Natural radioactivity levels in soil samples from some areas of Himachal Pradesh, India using γ-ray spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rani, Asha; Singh, Surinder

    226Ra, 232Th and 40K analysis has been carried out in soil samples collected from some areas of Himachal Pradesh, India using γ-ray spectrometry. The measured activity in soil ranges from 42.09 to 79.63 Bq kg -1, 52.83 to 105.81 Bq kg -1 and 95.33 to 160.30 Bq kg -1 for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K with the mean values of 57.34, 82.22 and 135.75 Bq kg -1, respectively. The measured activity concentration of 226Ra and 232Th in soil samples collected from these areas is higher and for 40K is lower than the world average. The radium equivalent activity in all the soil samples is lower than the safe limit set in the OECD report (370 Bq kg -1). The value of the external exposure dose has been determined from the content of these radionuclides in soil. It has been observed that on the average, the outdoor terrestrial gamma air absorbed dose rate is about 83.28 nGy h -1. The study yields an annual effective dose in the range of 0.07-0.13 mSv. The average value of annual effective dose lies in the global range of outdoor radiation exposure given in United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) [(2000). Effects and risks of ionizing radiations. UN, NY]. The activity concentration of 238U has also been determined using fission track technique and the values range from 3.26 to 7.71 mg kg -1 with a mean value of 4.38 mg kg -1.

  14. Indoor radon measurements in the dwellings of Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh, India, using LR-115 nuclear track detectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Study of indoor radon was carried out in the domestic environment of 15 villages of Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, India. Time integrated track etch technique has been used for the measurement of indoor radon levels. Bare cellulose nitrate LR-115 type II films have been used as detectors in the survey of indoor radon for four seasons of three months each covering a period of one year from March 2012 to March 2013. The houses were chosen randomly in such a way that the dwellings constructed with different types of building materials such as soil, bricks, cement, marble, concrete, wood in different localities of the village are covered. It has been found that indoor radon concentration depends upon the type of house, ventilation condition etc. The calibration constant of 1 track cm-2 day-1 which is equal to 50 Bqm-3 has been used to express radon concentration in Bqm-3. The conversion factors have been used to calculate the exposure (an exposure of an individual to radon progeny of 1 WLM is equivalent to 3.54 mJ h m-3), the annual effective dose (1 WLM=3.88 mSv) and the lifetime fatality risk (3 x 10-4 WLM). Indoor radon concentrations were found to vary from 132.25 Bqm-3 to 449.75 Bqm-3 with an average value of 261.40 Bqm-3. Annual effective dose in these dwellings were found to vary form 2.78 mSv to 7.68 mSv with an average value of 4.5 mSv. The average radon concentration in dwellings in most of the villages falls in the action level (200-600 Bqm-3) recommended by International Commission on Radiological Protection. Document available in abstract form only. (authors)

  15. Biomass Resource Assessment and Existing Biomass Use in the Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu States of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karthikeyan Natarajan

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available India is experiencing energy crisis and a widening gap between energy supply and demand. The country is, however, endowed with considerable, commercially and technically available renewable resources, from which surplus agro-biomass is of great importance and a relatively untapped resource. In the policy making process, knowledge of existing biomass use, degree of social reliance, and degree of biomass availability for energy production is unequivocal and pre-conditional. Field observations, documentation, and fill-in sheet tools were used to investigate the potential of biomass resources and the existing domestic, commercial, and industrial uses of biomass in selected Indian states. To do so, a team of field observers/supervisors visited three Indian states namely: Maharashtra (MH, Madhya Pradesh (MP, and Tamil Nadu (TN. Two districts from each state were selected to collect data regarding the use of biomass and the extent of biomass availability for energy production. In total, 471 farmers were interviewed, and approximately 75 farmers with various land holdings have been interviewed in each district. The existing uses of biomass have been documented in this survey study and the results show that the majority of biomass is used as fodder for domestic livestock followed by in-site ploughing, leaving trivial surplus quantities for other productive uses. Biomass for cooking appeared to be insignificant due to the availability and access to Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG cylinders in the surveyed districts. Opportunities exist to utilize roadside-dumped biomass, in-site burnt biomass, and a share of biomass used for ploughing. The GIS-based maps show that biomass availability varies considerably across the Taluks of the surveyed districts, and is highly dependent on a number of enviromental and socio-cultural factors. Developing competitive bioenergy market and enhancing and promoting access to more LPG fuel connections seem an appropriate socio

  16. An external evaluation of the Diarrhea Alleviation through Zinc and ORS Treatment (DAZT program in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, India

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    Laura M Lamberti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available To address inadequate coverage of oral rehydration salts (ORS and zinc supplements for the treatment of diarrhea among children under–five, the Diarrhea Alleviation through Zinc and ORS Treatment (DAZT program was carried out from 2011–2013 in Gujarat and from 2011–2014 in Uttar Pradesh (UP, India. The program focused on improving the diarrhea treatment practices of public and private sector providers. We conducted cross–sectional household surveys in program districts at baseline and endline and constructed state–specific logistic regression models with generalized estimating equations to assess changes in ORS and zinc treatment during the program period. Between baseline and endline, zinc coverage increased from 2.5% to 22.4% in Gujarat and from 3.1% to 7.0% in UP; ORS coverage increased from 15.3% to 39.6% in Gujarat but did not change in UP. In comparison to baseline, children with diarrhea in the two–weeks preceding the endline survey had higher odds of receiving zinc treatment in both Gujarat (odds ratio, OR = 11.2; 95% confidence interval (CI 6.4–19.3 and UP (OR = 2.4; 95% CI 1.4–3.9, but the odds of receiving ORS only increased in Gujarat (OR = 3.6; 95% CI 2.7–4.8; UP OR = 0.9; 95% CI 0.7–1.2. Seeking care outside the home, especially from a public sector source, was associated with higher odds of receiving ORS and zinc. Conclusions During the duration of the DAZT program, there were modest improvements in the treatment of diarrhea among young children. Future programs should build upon and accelerate this trend with continued investment in public and private sector provider training and supply chain sustainability, in addition to targeted care–giver demand generation activities.

  17. Vertebrates used for medicinal purposes by members of the Nyishi and Galo tribes in Arunachal Pradesh (North-East India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meyer-Rochow V

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Arunachal Pradesh, the easternmost part of India, is endowed with diverse natural resources and inhabited by a variety of ethnic groups that have developed skills to exploit the biotic resources of the region for food and medicines. Information on animals and animal parts as components of folk remedies used by local healers and village headmen of the Nyishi and Galo tribes in their respective West Siang and Subansiri districts were obtained through interviews and structured questionnaires. Of a total of 36 vertebrate species used in treatments of ailments and diseases, mammals comprised 50%; they were followed by birds (22%, fishes (17%, reptiles (8% and amphibians (3%. Approximately 20 common complaints of humans as well as foot and mouth disease of cattle were targets of zootherapies. Most commonly treated were fevers, body aches and pains, tuberculosis, malaria, wounds and burns, typhoid, smallpox, dysentery and diarrhoea, jaundice, and early pregnancy pains. Very few domestic animal species (e.g., goat and cattle were used zootherapeutically. More frequently it was wild animals, including endangered or protective species like hornbill, pangolin, clouded leopard, tiger, bear, and wolf, whose various parts were either used in folk remedies or as food. Some of the animal-based traditional medicines or animal parts were sold at local markets, where they had to compete with modern, western pharmaceuticals. To record, document, analyze and test the animal-derived local medicines before they become replaced by western products is one challenge; to protect the already dwindling populations of certain wild animal species used as a resource for the traditional animal-derived remedies, is another.

  18. Evaluation of Integrated Horticulture-Cum- Fish Farming in Malwa Region of Madhya Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Laxmi; Gupta, N.; Moni Singh; Sharma, R. P.

    2015-01-01

    In India, the farming community accounts for 80% under marginal and small farmer’s category1. Farmers under these categories are economically poor working in diverse, risk prone environments and with hardly sufficient to sustain their family. The declining trend in land holding per capita poses a serious challenge to the sustainability and profitability of farming. Considering the efficacy of this viable production system, the study was conducted in purposively selected ponds of farmers which...

  19. Performance of Jatropha curcas: A biofuel crop in wasteland of Madhya Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    A.K.Pandey, Pankaj Bhargava, Nivedika Gupta, Dhanshree Sharma

    2010-01-01

    In India vast tracts of land (20.17% of total geographical area) exists as wastelands accounting for about 63.85 million hectares. Wastelands are degraded lands that lack their life sustaining potential as a result of inherent or imposed disabilities such as by location, environment, chemical and physical properties of the soil or financial or management constraints. In recent years, the central government and many of the state governments have expressed their support for bringing wastelands,...

  20. Presence of Wolbachia endosymbionts in microfilariae of Wuchereria bancrofti (Spirurida: Onchocercidae from different geographical regions in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoti SL

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In view of the recent discovery of rickettsial endosymbionts, Wolbachia in lymphatic filarial parasites, Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi and subsequently of their vital role in the survival and development of the latter, antibiotics such as tetracycline are being suggested for the treatment of lymphatic filariasis, by way of eliminating the endosymbiont. But, it is essential to assess their presence in parasites from areas endemic for lymphatic filariasis before such a new control tool is employed. In the present communication, we report the detection of Wolbachia endosymbionts in microfilariae of W. bancrofti parasites collected from geographically distant locations of India, such as Pondicherry (Union Territory, Calicut (Kerala, Jagadalpur (Madhya Pradesh, Thirukoilur (TamilNadu, Chinnanergunam (TamilNadu, Rajahmundry (Andhra Pradesh, and Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh, using Wolbachia specific 16S rDNA polymerase chain reaction.

  1. Photographic Record of Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata Geoffroy 1826) in Nyamjang Chu Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Kamal Medhi; Rajarshi Chakraborty; Jaya Upadhyay

    2015-01-01

    A pair of Smooth-coated otters was sighted in remote temperate parts of the Nyamjang Chu valley (Chu = River) in westernmost part of Tawang district, Arunachal Pradesh on 1st April 2014. The otters were photographed basking on a riverside rock and identified based on their morphological features. There were no previously published records of Smooth-coated Otters; normally a species found more in plains, from western Arunachal Pradesh and the state as a whole has very scanty information regard...

  2. The status of vultures in Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, central India

    OpenAIRE

    Balasubramaniam Navaneethan; Kalyanasundaram Sankar; Qamar Qureshi; Manas Manjrekar

    2015-01-01

    The study on the status of vultures in Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve (BRT), central India was carried out from January 2011 to March 2013 in different seasons using opportunistic sightings.  In total, 265 observations were made in which 1,366 individuals belonging to four species were recorded.  Among these, Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus were more frequently sighted followed by White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus, Red-headed Vulture or Asian King Vulture Sarcogyps calvus and Egyptian Vulture N...

  3. An outbreak of encephalitis associated with echovirus 19 in Uttar Pradesh, India, in 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Dharam Veer; Kumar, Arvind; Kumar, Pramesh; Baluni, Manjari; Ghildiyal, Sneha; Kumar, Rashmi; Misra, Usha Kant; Dhole, Tapan N

    2016-04-01

    A sequence-independent single-primer amplification method and a modified enterovirus VP1 gene typing primer were used for identification of echovirus 19 and enterovirus 101, which remained undiagnosed by standard enterovirus molecular typing methods. Six different serotypes were identified during this study, with the predominance of ECV 19 (n = 20) followed by echovirus 21 (n = 3), EV 69 and EV 101 (n = 2 each), coxsackievirus B5 and ECV 27 (n = 1 each). To our knowledge, this is the first report of enteroviruses 69 and 101 in encephalitis cases in India. PMID:26695770

  4. Rural development and communication: a community media project in Uttar Pradesh (India)

    OpenAIRE

    Gaiani, Silvia

    2008-01-01

    Loaded with 16% of the world’s population, India is a challenged country. More than a third of its citizens live below the poverty line - on less than a dollar a day. These people have no proper electricity, no proper drinking water supply, no proper sanitary facilities and well over 40% are illiterates. More than 65% live in rural areas and 60% earn their livelihood from agriculture. Only a meagre 3.63% have access to telephone and less than 1% have access to a computer. Therefore, ...

  5. Assessment of prevalence of tobacco consumption among psychiatric inmates residing in Central Jail, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India: A cross-sectional survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilesh Arjun Torwane

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of the current cross-sectional study was to assess the prevalence of tobacco consumption among psychiatric jail patients residing in Central Jail, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. Materials and Methods: The study subjects consisted of prediagnosed psychiatric patients residing in Central Jail, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. A matched control consisting of cross-section of the population, that is, jail inmates residing in the same Central Jail locality was also assessed to compare the psychiatric subjects. An 18 item questionnaire was used to assess the prevalence of tobacco consumption among study subjects. Results: The total number of subjects examined was 244, which comprised of 122 psychiatric inmates and 122 nonpsychiatric inmates. Among all psychiatric inmates, about 57.4% of inmates had a diagnosis of depression, 14.8% had psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia, and 12.3% had anxiety disorder. A total of 77% study inmates, which comprised of 87.7% psychiatrics and 66.4% nonpsychiatrics had a habit of tobacco consumption (smokeless or smoking. Conclusion: The information presented in this study adds to our understanding of the common tobacco related practices among psychiatric inmate population. Efforts to increase patient awareness of the hazards of tobacco consumption and to eliminate the habit are needed to improve oral and general health of the prison population.

  6. Comparative study of Uranium estimation in drinking water samples of seismically active regions of NW-Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh and SW-Punjab, India using Laser Fluorimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Laser Fluorimetry Technique has been used for the microanalysis of uranium content in drinking water samples collected from different sources like the hand pumps and natural springs of seismically active regions of Chamba and Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh, NW-Himalayas and Bathinda and Mansa districts of SW-Punjab, state, India. The purpose of this study was to investigate the uranium concentration levels of ground water being used for drinking purposes and to determine its health effects, if any, to the local population of these regions. In the present study 47 samples of drinking water collected from different villages of the seismic active belt of Chamba and Dharamshala region of Himachal Pradesh, India have been analyzed for chemical and radiological toxicity. Uranium concentration in drinking water sample of study region ranged between 2.7 μgL-1 - 53.9 μgL-1 with an average value of 20.1 μgL-1. In SW-Punjab, Uranium concentration in 76 drinking water samples has been found to vary between 0.13 μgL-1 and 676 μgL-1 with an average of 90.2 μgL-1. Data analysis reveals that, 19% samples of NW-Himalayas water have uranium concentration higher than recommended limit of 30 μgL-1 (WHO, 2011) while none of the samples exceeds the threshold of 60 μgL-1 recommended by AERB, DAE, India, 2004. On the other hand, 64% water samples of SW-Punjab have uranium concentration higher than recommended limit of 30 μgL-1 (WHO, 2011) while 39% water samples exceeds the threshold of 60 μgL-1 recommended by AERB, DAE, India, 2004. Document available in abstract form only. (authors)

  7. Ecology and Conservation of the Critically Endangered Tree Species Gymnocladus assamicus in Arunachal Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gymnocladus assamicus is a critically endangered leguminous tree species endemic to Northeast India. Mature pods of the trees yield soap material and are collected by local people for domestic purposes and religious activities. G. assamicus grows on hill slopes and along banks of streams. Male and hermaphrodite flowers are borne by separate individual trees. Altogether 28 mature trees were documented from nine populations. Of these, very few regenerating trees were found. This species regenerates only through seeds. The major constraints to natural regeneration are over harvesting of mature fruits, habitat destruction, grazing, predation of seeds by scatter-hoarding animals, poor percentage of seed germination due to their hard-waxy seed coats, and the lack of seed dispersal. Effective conservation initiatives should emphasize sustainable harvesting of mature pods, awareness among local people, and preservation of surviving individuals of the species. Nonetheless, reintroduction of the species to suitable ecological habitats is also recommended.

  8. Mineralogy and geochemistry of rare metal pegmatite, Metapal, Bastar district, Madhya Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Metapal pegmatite emplaced in granite, is an isolated, fully differentiated and complex type of granite pegmatite with well developed zoning and distinct albitised and greisenised replacement units rich in ixiolite and beryl. Other rare element minerals that are present include, euxenite, aeschynite, microlite, monazite, and cassiterite. Ixiolite mineral is being reported and characterized for the first time from this pegmatite of India. Enrichment of Rb, low Sr, K/Rb and Sr/Rb in perthitic feldspar and high Nb, Sn, and Ga in muscovite also signify the highly differentiated and mineralised nature of Metapal pegmatite. The pegmatite has undergone shallow weathering resulting in limited colluvial placers rich in Nb-Ta minerals. (author)

  9. Protocol for the economic evaluation of the diarrhea alleviation through zinc and oral rehydration salt therapy at scale through private and public providers in rural Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Samuel D Shillcutt; LeFevre, Amnesty E.; Walker, Christa L Fischer; Black, Robert E; Mazumder, Sarmila

    2014-01-01

    Background Child diarrhea persists as a leading public health problem in India despite evidence supporting zinc and low osmolarity oral rehydration salts as effective treatments. Across 2 years in 2010–2013, the Diarrhea Alleviation using Zinc and Oral Rehydration Salts Therapy (DAZT) program was implemented to operationalize delivery of these interventions at scale through private and public sector providers in rural Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, India. Methods/Design This study evaluates the c...

  10. Evaluation of Integrated Horticulture-Cum- Fish Farming in Malwa Region of Madhya Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laxmi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In India, the farming community accounts for 80% under marginal and small farmer’s category1. Farmers under these categories are economically poor working in diverse, risk prone environments and with hardly sufficient to sustain their family. The declining trend in land holding per capita poses a serious challenge to the sustainability and profitability of farming. Considering the efficacy of this viable production system, the study was conducted in purposively selected ponds of farmers which had available space of the pond bundh used for production of horticulture produce. The trial was conducted minimum 06 replications were taken under farm field condition. Vegetable growing in the trellis and dykes is an additional component which helps in maximizing profit from unit area. The data were collected from each treatment for consecutively 03 years to judge the economic profitability and sustainability of the practice. It was observed that better production and sustainable economic return can be achieved through integrated production technology or with dyke vegetable cultivation in pond based integrated farming practices.

  11. Quality of obstetric referral services in India's JSY cash transfer programme for institutional births: a study from Madhya Pradesh province.

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    Sarika Chaturvedi

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: India launched JSY cash transfer programme to increase access to emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC by incentivising in-facility births. This increased in-facility births from 30%in 2005 to 73% in 2012 however, decline in maternal mortality follows a secular trend. Dysfunctional referral services can contribute to poor programme impact on outcomes. We hence describe inter- facility referrals and study quality of referral services in JSY. METHODS AND RESULTS: Women accessing intra natal care (n = 1182 at facilities (reporting >10 deliveries/month, n = 96 were interviewed in a 5 day cross sectional survey in 3 districts of Madhya Pradesh province. A nested matched case control study (n = 68 pairs was performed to study association between maternal referral and adverse birth outcomes. There were 111 (9.4% in referrals and 69 (5.8% out referrals. Secondary level facilities sent most referrals and 40% were for conditions expected to be treated at this level. There were 36 adverse birth outcomes (intra partum and in-facility deaths. After matching for type of complication and place of delivery, conditional logistic regression model showed maternal referral at term delivery was associated with higher odds of adverse birth outcomes (OR- 2.6, 95% CI: 1.0-6.6 p = 0.04. Maternal death record review (April 10-March 12 was conducted at the CEmOC facility in one district. Spatial analysis of transfer time from sending to the receiving CEmOC facility among in-facility maternal deaths was conducted in ArcGIS10 applying two hours (equated to 100 Km as desired transfer time. There were 124 maternal deaths, 55 of which were among mothers referred in. Buffer analysis revealed 98% mothers were referred from <2 hours. Median time between arrival and death was 6.75 hours. CONCLUSIONS: High odds of adverse birth outcomes associated with maternal referral and high maternal deaths despite spatial access to referral care indicate poor

  12. Home ranges of Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris L. in Pench Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, Central India

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    Aniruddha Majumder

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The home range size is an important parameter required for effective conservation and management of a species. Home ranges of three radio collared Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris tigirs (one adult female or AF, one adult male or AM and one sub-adult male or SAM were studied between March 2008 and December 2011 in Pench Tiger Reserve (PTR, Madhya Pradesh, Central India. Using 95% Minimum Convex Polygon (MCP, the estimated home range of AF (n= 750 locations was 43 km², AM (n= 118 locations was 55.1 km2 and SAM (n= 734 locations was 52.2 km2. Using 95% Fixed Kernel (FK, the home range of AF was 32.1 km², AM was 64.1 km2 and SAM was 19.1 km2. The core area of activity for each tiger as determined by 50% Fixed Kernel (FK method was 6.2 km² for AF, 13.4 km2 for AM and 4.1 km2 for SAM. The estimated overlap area between AM and AF using 95% FK was 19.2 km² (65 %, whereas it was 15.4 km² (48% between AF and SAM. The AF recruited three, four and five cubs in her 1st, 2nd and 3rd litter respectively. Minimum 44% of the original natal area was used by AF at the time of raising her 2nd litter and 46% in her 3rd litter. Though there was a gradual increase of annual home range observed for first two years but the core activity area remained considerably same for AF over the study period. The study revealed that minimum of 25 to 30 km² area was required for a breeding female in PTR where wild prey density (348.2/km² was found to be high with adequate ground cover for the successful raising of cubs up to dispersal stage. The findings highlight the need for developing a long term monitoring system for tigers in PTR and surrounding habitats to understand the survival and dispersal patterns.

  13. An assessment of the impact of the JSY cash transfer program on maternal mortality reduction in Madhya Pradesh, India

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    Marie Ng

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: The Indian Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY program is a demand-side program in which the state pays women a cash incentive to deliver in an institution, with the aim of reducing maternal mortality. The JSY has had 54 million beneficiaries since inception 7 years ago. Although a number of studies have demonstrated the effect of JSY on coverage, few have examined the direct impact of the program on maternal mortality. Objective: To study the impact of JSY on maternal mortality in Madhya Pradesh (MP, one of India's largest provinces. Design: By synthesizing data from various sources, district-level maternal mortality ratios (MMR from 2005 to 2010 were estimated using a Bayesian spatio-temporal model. Based on these, a mixed effects multilevel regression model was applied to assess the impact of JSY. Specifically, the association between JSY intensity, as reflected by 1 proportion of JSY-supported institutional deliveries, 2 total annual JSY expenditure, and 3 MMR, was examined. Results: The proportion of all institutional deliveries increased from 23.9% in 2005 to 55.9% in 2010 province-wide. The proportion of JSY-supported institutional deliveries rose from 14% (2005 to 80% (2010. MMR declines in the districts varied from 2 to 35% over this period. Despite the marked increase in JSY-supported delivery, our multilevel models did not detect a significant association between JSY-supported delivery proportions and changes in MMR in the districts. The results from the analysis examining the association between MMR and JSY expenditure are similar. Conclusions: Our analysis was unable to detect an association between maternal mortality reduction and the JSY in MP. The high proportion of institutional delivery under the program does not seem to have converted to lower mortality outcomes. The lack of significant impact could be related to supply-side constraints. Demand-side programs like JSY will have a limited effect if the supply side is unable

  14. Elderly Adi Women of Arunachal Pradesh: "Living Encyclopedias" and Cultural Refugia in Biodiversity Conservation of the Eastern Himalaya, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ranjay K.; Rallen, Orik; Padung, Egul

    2013-09-01

    Elderly women of a particular socioecological system are considered to be "living encyclopedias" in biocultural knowledge systems. These women play a pivotal role in retaining and passing on biodiversity-related traditional knowledge to the next generations. Unfortunately the fast changing sociocultural values and the impact of modernity have rendered their knowledge somewhat less valuable and they are being treated as "cultural refugia." Our study on the importance of these women in the conservation of indigenous biodiversity was conducted in 14 randomly selected villages dominated by the Adi tribe of East Siang District, Arunachal Pradesh (northeast India). Data were collected from 531 women (381 elderly and 150 young to middle aged) during 2003-2008 using conventional social science methods and participatory rural appraisal. One innovative method, namely "recipe contest," was devised to mobilize Adi women of each village in order to energies them and explore their knowledge relating to traditional foods, ethnomedicines, and conservation of indigenous biodiversity. Results indicated that 55 plant species are being used by elderly Adi women in their food systems, while 34 plant species are integral parts of ethnomedicinal practices. These women identified different plant species found under multistory canopies of community forests. Elderly women were particularly skilled in preparing traditional foods including beverages and held significantly greater knowledge of indigenous plants than younger women. Lifelong experiences and cultural diversity were found to influence the significance of biodiversity use and conservation. The conservation of biodiversity occurs in three different habitats: jhum lands (shifting cultivation), Morang forest (community managed forests), and home gardens. The knowledge and practice of elderly women about habitats and multistory vegetations, regenerative techniques, selective harvesting, and cultivation practices contribute

  15. Groundwater quality assessment in the village of Lutfullapur Nawada, Loni, District Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Vinod K; Bikundia, Devendra Singh; Sarswat, Ankur; Mohan, Dinesh

    2012-07-01

    The groundwater quality for drinking, domestic and irrigation in the village Lutfullapur Nawada, Loni, district Ghaziabad, U.P., India, has been assessed. Groundwater samples were collected, processed and analyzed for temperature, pH, conductivity, salinity, total alkalinity, carbonate alkalinity, bicarbonate alkalinity, total hardness, calcium hardness, magnesium hardness, total solids, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, nitrate-nitrogen, chloride, fluoride, sulfate, phosphate, silica, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, total chromium, cadmium, copper, iron, nickel, lead and zinc. A number of groundwater samples showed levels of electrical conductivity (EC), alkalinity, chloride, calcium, sodium, potassium and iron exceeding their permissible limits. Except iron, the other metals (Cr, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn) were analyzed below the permissible limits. The correlation matrices for 28 variables were performed. EC, salinity, TS and TDS had significant positive correlations among themselves and also with NO (3) (-) , Cl(-), alkalinity, Na(+), K(+), and Ca(2+). Fluoride was not significantly correlated with any of the parameters. NO (3) (-) was significantly positively correlated with Cl(-), alkalinity, Na(+), K(+) and Ca(2+). Chloride also correlated significantly with alkalinity, Na(+), K(+) and Ca(2+). Sodium showed a strong and positive correlation with K(+) and Ca(2+). pH was negatively correlated with most of the physicochemical parameters. This groundwater is classified as a normal sulfate and chloride type. Base-exchange indices classified 73% of the groundwater sources as the Na(+)-SO (4) (2-) type. The meteoric genesis indices demonstrated that 67% of groundwater sources belong to a deep meteoric water percolation type. Hydrochemical groundwater evaluations revealed that most of the groundwaters belong to the Na(+)-K(+)-Cl(-)-SO (4) (2-) type followed by Na(+)-K(+)-HCO (3) (-) type. Salinity, chlorinity and SAR indices indicated that majority

  16. Performance of Jatropha curcas: A biofuel crop in wasteland of Madhya Pradesh, India

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    A.K.Pandey, Pankaj Bhargava, Nivedika Gupta, Dhanshree Sharma

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In India vast tracts of land (20.17% of total geographical area exists as wastelands accounting for about 63.85 million hectares. Wastelands are degraded lands that lack their life sustaining potential as a result of inherent or imposed disabilities such as by location, environment, chemical and physical properties of the soil or financial or management constraints. In recent years, the central government and many of the state governments have expressed their support for bringing wastelands, under cultivation. Jatropha curcas has been found most promising for this purpose due to the use of its seed oil as biodiesel and other favorable attributes like hardy nature, short gestation period and adaptability in a wide range of agro-climatic conditions etc. Jatropha plantation helps in restoration of vast stretches of wastelands into green oil fields and can address major issues of developing countries like energy security, environmental amelioration, rural employment generation and conservation of foreign exchange reserves. With the objective to evaluate the performance of Jatropha plants in wasteland conditions, Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur has initiated a study in 2006. Progeny trial was laid out in Barha (Jabalpur locality comprising of 20 superior genotypes of Jatropha. Among them, Gessani Shivpuri 3, Gessani Shivpuri 2, Bilara Pohiri Shivpuri 2, Parsoria Damoh Sagar, Bizouli Janarpura Gwalior 3, Bizouli Janarpura Gwalior 2 and Dewari Sagar 1 genotype are performing better as compared to other genotypes. This information will be helpful in assessing of the potential of locally adapted accessions and provide baseline information for future Jatropha plantation and wasteland reclammation programmes.

  17. Assessment of underground water potential zones using modern geomatics technologies in Jhansi district, Uttar Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, N. K.; Shukla, A. K.; Shukla, S.; Pandey, M.

    2014-11-01

    Ground water is a distinguished component of the hydrologic cycle. Surface water storage and ground water withdrawal are traditional engineering approaches which will continue to be followed in the future. The uncertainty about the occurrence, distribution and quality aspect of the ground water and the energy requirement for its withdrawal impose restriction on exploitation of ground water. The main objective of the study is assessment of underground water potential zones of Jhansi city and surrounding area, by preparing underground water potential zone map using Geographical Information System (GIS), remote sensing, and validation by underground water inventory mapping using GPS field survey done along the parts of National Highway 25 and 26 and some state highway passing through the study area. Study area covers an area of 1401 km2 and its perimeter is approximate 425 km. For this study Landsat TM (0.76-0.90 um) band data were acquired from GLCF website. Sensor spatial resolution is 30 m. Satellite image has become a standard tool aiding in the study of underground water. Extraction of different thematic layers like Land Use Land Cover (LULC), settlement, etc. can be done through unsupervised classification. The modern geometics technologies viz. remote sensing and GIS are used to produce the map that classifies the groundwater potential zone to a number of qualitative zone such as very high, high, moderate, low or very low. Thematic maps are prepared by visual interpretation of Survey of India topo-sheets and linearly enhanced Landsat TM satellite image on 1 : 50,000 scale using AutoCAD, ArcGIS 10.1 and ERDAS 11 software packages.

  18. Performance of Jatropha curcas: A biofuel crop in wasteland of Madhya Pradesh, India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pandey, A.K.; Bhargava, Pankaj; Gupta, Nivedika; Sharma, Dhanshree [Non Wood Forest Produce Division, Tropical Forest Research Institute, P.O. RFRC, Jabalpur 482021 (India)

    2010-07-01

    In India vast tracts of land (20.17% of total geographical area) exists as wastelands accounting for about 63.85 million hectares. Wastelands are degraded lands that lack their life sustaining potential as a result of inherent or imposed disabilities such as by location, environment, chemical and physical properties of the soil or financial or management constraints. In recent years, the central government and many of the state governments have expressed their support for bringing wastelands, under cultivation. Jatropha curcas has been found most promising for this purpose due to the use of its seed oil as biodiesel and other favorable attributes like hardy nature, short gestation period and adaptability in a wide range of agro-climatic conditions etc. Jatropha plantation helps in restoration of vast stretches of wastelands into green oil fields and can address major issues of developing countries like energy security, environmental amelioration, rural employment generation and conservation of foreign exchange reserves. With the objective to evaluate the performance of Jatropha plants in wasteland conditions, Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur has initiated a study in 2006. Progeny trial was laid out in Barha (Jabalpur) locality comprising of 20 superior genotypes of Jatropha. Among them, Gessani Shivpuri 3, Gessani Shivpuri 2, Bilara Pohiri Shivpuri 2, Parsoria Damoh Sagar, Bizouli Janarpura Gwalior 3, Bizouli Janarpura Gwalior 2 and Dewari Sagar 1 genotype are performing better as compared to other genotypes. This information will be helpful in assessing of the potential of locally adapted accessions and provide baseline information for future Jatropha plantation and wasteland reclammation programmes.

  19. SELF-REPORTED MORBIDITY AND BURDEN OF DISEASE IN UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA: EVIDENCE FROM A NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY AND THE MILLION DEATHS STUDY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yadav, Ajit Kumar; Gouda, Jitendra; Ram, F

    2016-08-01

    Uttar Pradesh is India's most populous state with a population of 200 million. Any change in its fertility and mortality is bound to bring change at the national level. This study analysed the burden of disease in the state by calculating the disability-adjusted life year (DALY) for infectious and non-communicable diseases. Data were from two rounds (52nd and 60th) of the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) survey conducted in 1995-96 and 2004, respectively, and the Million Deaths Study (MDS) of 2001-03. Descriptive and multivariate analyses were carried out to identify the determinants of different types of self-reported morbidity and DALY. The results show that in Uttar Pradesh the prevalence of all selected self-reported infectious and non-communicable diseases increased over the study period from 1995 to 2004, and in most cases by more than two times. The highest observed increase in prevalence was in non-communicable diseases excluding CVDs, which increased from 7% in 1995 to 19% in 2004. The prevalence was higher for those aged 60 and above, females, those who were illiterate and rich across the time period and for all selected morbidities. The results were significant at p<0.001. The estimation of the DALY revealed that the burden of infectious diseases was higher during infancy, noticeably among males than females in 2002. However, females aged 1-5 years were more likely to report infectious diseases than corresponding males. The age distribution of the DALY indicated that individuals aged below 5 years and above 60 years were more susceptible to ill health. The growing incidence of non-communicable diseases, especially among the older generation, puts an additional burden on the health system in the state. Uttar Pradesh has to grapple with the unresolved problem of preventable infectious diseases on the one hand and the growth in non-communicable disease on the other. PMID:26434255

  20. A Revised Glacier Inventory of Bhaga Basin Himachal Pradesh, India : Current Status and Recent Glacier Variations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birajdar, F.; Venkataraman, G.; Bahuguna, I.; Samant, H.

    2014-11-01

    Himalayan glaciers show large uncertainty regarding their present and future state due to their sensitive reaction towards change in climatic condition. Himalayan glaciers are unique as they are located in tropical, high altitude regions, predominantly valley type and many are covered with debris. The great northern plains of India sustain on the perennial melt of glaciers meeting the water requirements of agriculture, industries, domestic sector even in the months of summer when large tracts of the country go dry. Therefore, it is important to monitor and assess the state of snow and glaciers and to know the sustainability of glaciers in view of changing global scenarios of climate and water security of the nation. Any information pertaining to Himalayan glaciers is normally difficult to be obtained by conventional means due to its harsh weather and rugged terrains. Due to the ecological diversity and geographical vividness, major part of the Indian Himalaya is largely un-investigated. Considering the fact that Himalayan glaciers are situated in a harsh environment, conventional techniques of their study is challenging and difficult both in terms of logistics and finances whereas the satellite remote sensing offers a potential mode for monitoring glaciers in long term. In order to gain an updated overview of the present state of the glacier cover and its changes since the previous inventories, an attempt has been made to generate a new remotesensing- derived glacier inventory on 1:50,000 scale for Bhaga basin (N32°28'19.7'' - N33°0'9.9'' ; E76°56'16.3'' - E77°25'23.7'' ) Western Himalaya covering an area of 1695.63 km2. having 231 glaciers and occupying glacierized area of 385.17 ±3.71 km2. ranging from 0.03 km2. to 29.28 km2. Glacier inventory has been carried out using high resolution IRS P6 LISS III data of 2011, ASTER DEM and other ancillary data. Specific measurements of mapped glacier features are the inputs for generating the glacier inventory data

  1. Genetic diversity in three populations of Avicennia marina along the eastcoast of India by RAPD markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazarika, Dimendra; Thangaraj, M; Sahu, Sunil Kumar; Kathiresan, K

    2013-05-01

    Genetic diversity was analysed in three populations of the mangrove species, Avicennia marina by using random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction (RAPD-PCR). Ten random decamer primers were used to score the diversity from three locations of eastcoast of India: Parangipettai (Tamil Nadu), Kakkinada (Andhra Pradesh) and Sundarbans (West Bengal). These primers produced 388 scorable DNA fragments, of which 252 (64.98%) were polymorphic, 182 (46.90%) were monomorphic, and 14 (3.61%) were unique. RAPD banding patterns displayed variations between and within the populations, while, there was no morphological variation. PMID:24617156

  2. Final plea for conservation of Gaultheria akaensis Panda and Sanjappa (Ericaceae, an extremely threatened, endemic medicinal plant from Aka Hill in Arunachal Pradesh of eastern Himalaya, India

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    S. Panda

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Since its discovery in 2002 from Aka Hill in Arunachal Pradesh, the population of Gaultheria akaensis Panda and Sanjappa, a Critically Endangered, endemic medicinal plant is on the verge of extinction and currently represented by two individuals only. No trace of this species found in other Himalayan parts of India as well in Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar. Detailed phenological observation was also done from 2002 - 2011. The species is threatened due to road extension and hydro-electric projects. To this problem, the author put a board for conservation to create awareness among local ethnic people. This paper provides description, ethnic use, photographs and maps for easy identification for the purpose of better conservation.

  3. Mineral chemistry of radioactive and associated phases from neoproterozoic unconformity related uranium deposits from Koppunuru, Palnad sub-basin, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Unconformity proximal uranium mineralization at Koppunuru occurs in basement granitoids and the overlying Banganalapalle Formation of Kurnool Group in Palnad sub-basin. The U-mineralization transgresses the unconformity both above and below. Later remobilization of uranium is evident, as they are intermittently intercepted within the sediments overlying the unconformity. Subsurface exploration by drilling intercepted three mineralization bands, viz. Band A and B upto 80m above the unconformity in the overlying Banganapalle quartzite and Band C, mostly sub-parallel to the unconformity and confined to basal conglomerate/grit horizon except a few boreholes where it is transgressing to granitic horizon (2 (upto 2.00 %), ThO2 (0.03 to 1.51 %) and RE2O3 (0.12 to 3.56 %). Such activities signify the processes of epigenetic fluid/gel related to U-concentration. At increasing depths, possibility of AI- bearing radioactive phases is also envisaged. The radioactive phases present in the samples reveal negligible to low thorium indicating low temperature phenomena. They are likely to be emplaced by the epigenetic solution/gel rich in U, Ti, Si, AI, Ca, P and Pb, preferably along available spaces as vein, cavity and grain boundary. U-associated sulphides occurring as veins and fracture fills, essentially comprise pyrite, pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite, pentlandite and galena. They have normal chemistry but for subtle variations in minor elements. The pyrite and pyrrhotite are invariably arseniferous and they dominate the sulphides. Thus, it is concluded that the area has potential for multi-episodic epigenetic U-mineralization

  4. Efficient Water Distribution System Using Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA: A Case Study of Vijayawada Municipal Corporation, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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    Dr. G.Venkata Ramana

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available 40% and rest will be semi urban and rural. This means a very large demand on the civic amenities including water supply for domestic purposes and in addition more water would be needed for purposes such as irrigation, industry, etc., which have to keep pace with the increasing demands of rising population. Therefore, identification of sources of water supply, their conservation and optimal utilization is of utmost importance. Even the present scale of water supply to urban and rural population is grossly inadequate and not all communities are provided with safe water supply, let alone piped water system; hardly any metropolitan city has a continuous water supply; and very few cities could boast of providing adequate water supply to meet their growing demands at adequate pressure. Many facts are involved in tackling the problem of providing protected water supply to all communities at the minimum cost and in the shortest possible time. Emphasis has to be laid on both the aspects of the system namely planning, management, technical and financial. At present a number of decisions, both at policy and technical levels, are being based on empirical considerations and divergent practices are in vogue in the country in so far as designing system itself is concerned. The planning and design of water supply network requires great attention these days because ineffective water distribution leads to various losses due to which the ultimate goals of water supply such as quality, quantity and timeliness are not being achieved so, the planning and design requires the expertise of city planners and civil engineers. Hence in the present study it is dealt with effective water distribution system which deals with the study of water supply, occurrence of water losses and its control. One of the methods through which the effective water distribution can be attained is SCADA. I refer to SUPERVISORY CONTROL AND DATA ACQUISITION mainly aims at providing drinking water as per the Indian standards and reducing the water wastage during distribution, and thereby attaining controlled supervision on both quality and quantity of water. In this project we have dealt with the implementation of SCADA, the process involved in it and its achievement.

  5. A study on maternal and perinatal out comes in cases of eclampsia admitting to government medical college and general hospital, Anantapuramu, Andhra Pradesh, India

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    Shamshad Begum Shaikh

    2016-07-01

    Conclusions: Eclampsia continues to be an important etiological factor for maternal/perinatal morbidity and mortality. The contributory factors for this being lack of proper antenatal care, low socio economic status and lack of education. There is an urgent need for proper antenatal care, proper medication (magnesium sulfate, intensive monitoring of women with eclampsia and timely hospitalization to improve both the maternal and perinatal outcome. Early presentation and timely decision to terminate pregnancy will improve the maternal and perinatal outcome. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(7.000: 2146-2150

  6. Distinct Patterns of Association of Variants at 11q23.3 Chromosomal Region with Coronary Artery Disease and Dyslipidemia in the Population of Andhra Pradesh, India.

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    Rayabarapu Pranav Chand

    Full Text Available In our attempt to comprehensively understand the nature of association of variants at 11q23.3 apolipoprotein gene cluster region, we genotyped a prioritized set of 96 informative SNPs using Fluidigm customized SNP genotyping platform in a sample of 508 coronary artery disease (CAD cases and 516 controls. We found 12 SNPs as significantly associated with CAD at P <0.05, albeit only four (rs2849165, rs17440396, rs6589566 and rs633389 of these remained significant after Benjamin Hochberg correction. Of the four, while rs6589566 confers risk to CAD, the other three SNPs reduce risk for the disease. Interaction of variants that belong to regulatory genes BUD13 and ZPR1 with APOA5-APOA4 intergenic variants is also observed to significantly increase the risk towards CAD. Further, ROC analysis of the risk scores of the 12 significant SNPs suggests that our study has substantial power to confer these genetic variants as predictors of risk for CAD, as illustrated by AUC (0.763; 95% CI: 0.729-0.798, p = <0.0001. On the other hand, the protective SNPs of CAD are associated with elevated Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Total Cholesterol levels, hence with dyslipidemia, in our sample of controls, which may suggest distinct effects of the variants at 11q23.3 chromosomal region towards CAD and dyslipidemia. It may be necessary to replicate these findings in the independent and ethnically heterogeneous Indian samples in order to establish this as an Indian pattern. However, only functional analysis of the significant variants identified in our study can provide more precise understanding of the mechanisms involved in the contrasting nature of their effects in manifesting dyslipidemia and CAD.

  7. Distinct Patterns of Association of Variants at 11q23.3 Chromosomal Region with Coronary Artery Disease and Dyslipidemia in the Population of Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pranav Chand, Rayabarapu; Kumar, Arramraju Sreenivas; Anuj, Kapadia; Vishnupriya, Satti; Mohan Reddy, Battini

    2016-01-01

    In our attempt to comprehensively understand the nature of association of variants at 11q23.3 apolipoprotein gene cluster region, we genotyped a prioritized set of 96 informative SNPs using Fluidigm customized SNP genotyping platform in a sample of 508 coronary artery disease (CAD) cases and 516 controls. We found 12 SNPs as significantly associated with CAD at P <0.05, albeit only four (rs2849165, rs17440396, rs6589566 and rs633389) of these remained significant after Benjamin Hochberg correction. Of the four, while rs6589566 confers risk to CAD, the other three SNPs reduce risk for the disease. Interaction of variants that belong to regulatory genes BUD13 and ZPR1 with APOA5-APOA4 intergenic variants is also observed to significantly increase the risk towards CAD. Further, ROC analysis of the risk scores of the 12 significant SNPs suggests that our study has substantial power to confer these genetic variants as predictors of risk for CAD, as illustrated by AUC (0.763; 95% CI: 0.729-0.798, p = <0.0001). On the other hand, the protective SNPs of CAD are associated with elevated Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Total Cholesterol levels, hence with dyslipidemia, in our sample of controls, which may suggest distinct effects of the variants at 11q23.3 chromosomal region towards CAD and dyslipidemia. It may be necessary to replicate these findings in the independent and ethnically heterogeneous Indian samples in order to establish this as an Indian pattern. However, only functional analysis of the significant variants identified in our study can provide more precise understanding of the mechanisms involved in the contrasting nature of their effects in manifesting dyslipidemia and CAD. PMID:27257688

  8. Wendlandia tinctoria (Roxb.) DC. (Rubiaceae), a key nectar source for butterflies during the summer season in the southern Eastern Ghats, Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    A.J.S. Raju; K.V. Ramana; P.V. Lakshmi

    2011-01-01

    Wendlandia tinctoria is a semi-evergreen tree species. It shows massive flowering for about a month during March-April. The floral characteristics such as the white colour of the flower, lack of odour, short-tubed corolla with deep seated nectar having 15-18% sugar concentration are well tailored for visitation by butterflies. The nectar is hexose-rich and contains the essential amino acids such as arginine and histidine and the non-essential amino acids such as alanine, aspartic acid, cyste...

  9. Application of Markov chain and entropy analysis to lithologic succession – an example from the early Permian Barakar Formation, Bellampalli coalfield, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ram Chandra Tewari; D P Singh; Z A Khan

    2009-10-01

    A statistical approach by a modified Markov process model and entropy function is used to prove that the early Permian Barakar Formation of the Bellampalli coal field developed distinct cyclicities during deposition.From results,the transition path of lithological states typical for the Bellampalli basin is as:coarse to medium-grained sandstone → interbedded fine-grained sandstone/shale → shale → coal and again shale.The majority of cycles are symmetrical but asymmetrical cycles are present as well.The chi-square stationarity test implies that these cycles are stationary in space and time.The cycles are interpreted in terms of in-channel,point bar and overbank facies association in a fluvial system.The randomness in the occurrence of facies within a cycle is evaluated in terms of entropy,which can be calculated from the Markov matrices.Two types of entropies are calculated for every facies state;entropy after deposition (post)and entropy before deposition (pre),which together form entropy set;the entropy for the whole system is also calculated.These values are plotted and compared with Hattori ’s idealized plots,which indicate that the sequence is essentially a symmetrical cycle (type-B of Hattroi). The symmetrical cyclical deposition of early Permian Barakar Formation is explained by the lateral migration of stream channels in response to varying discharge and rate of deposition across the alluvial plain.In addition,the fining upward cycles in the upper part enclosing thick beds of fine clastics,as well as coal may represent differential subsidence of depositional basin.

  10. Assessment of radon concentration and external gamma radiation level in the environs of the proposed uranium mine at Peddagattu and Seripally regions, Andhra Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    T. Raghavendra; S.U.B. Ramakrishna; T. Vijayalakshmi; V. Himabindu; Arunachalam, J.

    2014-01-01

    In the environs of uranium mineralized terrain, a little higher ambient radon concentration and airborne gamma radiation level may be expected in comparison with natural background. It is necessary to determine the radon concentration and gamma radiation level in comparison with natural background radiation for future control or to minimize the health risks. The present study gives a brief account of atmospheric radon concentration, gamma absorbed dose rate and radiation dose received by the ...

  11. Patterns of epithelial cell abnormalities in Pap smears and its clinicopathological and demographic association: a descriptive study from Visakhapatnam city, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Bhagya Lakshmi

    2014-02-01

    Results: Among the 194 women, in 8 subjects, the smears collected were unsatisfactory for evaluation. Analysis was done in the remaining 186 subjects. Among the latter, in 83.9%, the smears were negative for intraepithelial lesions (NIEL and 16.1% revealed epithelial cell abnormalities (ECA. Among those with ECA, Atypical cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS was identified in 66.67%, Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesions(LSIL in 16.67%, Atypical squamous cells-cannot exclude HSIL (ASC-H and Atypical glandular cells-not otherwise specified (AGC-NOS in 6.67% each and High grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL in 3.33%. Epithelial cell abnormalities were more common in women in the age group of 30-60 years (80%, they were more common in those with age at marriage between 13-18 years (63.3% and in those with age at first child birth between 15-19 years (56.7%. Conclusions: Therefore there is a need for Pap screening at regular intervals through camp based approach in these populations to motivate the women, increase their awareness, ensure follow up and referral and timely intervention in appropriate cases. [Int J Res Med Sci 2014; 2(1.000: 300-305

  12. Alterations in the basement fracture zones and their bearing on uranium mineralisation in southwestern environs of the Cuddapah basin, Andhra Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In ore forming processes associated with deformation and metamorphism as in the area under study, concentration of any metal depends on the nature of source/host rock and varied physicochemical conditions inducing driving mechanism for mobilization and concentration of the elements. The fracture zones in younger granitoids from the southwestern environs of Cuddapah basin present an ideal milieu for remobilisation of uranium during dynamic metamorphism. Signatures of this are documented along the fracture zones in the form of various alteration patterns, viz., haematitisation, chloritisation, sericitisation, and apatitisation, each represented by characteristic elemental chemistry. Petrography and chemistry of these different alterations associated with fracture zones in the U-prospects of Mulapalle, T. Sundupalle-Sanipaya, Chakryapeta, Kamaguttapalle, and Bidiki signify their control on uranium mineralisation. These alterations are shown as effective in deciphering the potentially of the uraniferous fracture zones, and their mineralogical and geochemical signatures can be applied to other fracture zones in the contiguous areas with similar geological set-up for locating better grade uranium mineralisation. (author)

  13. Wastewater use in Agriculture in Andhra Pradesh, India : An evaluation of irrigation water quality in reference to associated health risks and agricultural suitability

    OpenAIRE

    Hofstedt, Charlotta

    2005-01-01

    Användandet av obehandlat avloppsvatten inom jordbruket är en växande företeelse i många delar av världen. Speciellt i vattenfattiga områden där avloppsvattnet ses som en värdefull och pålitlig resurs. Det höga näringsinnehållet minskar behovet av konstgödsel och detta ökar böndernas inkomster. Men med användandet av avloppsvattnet följer vissa hälsorisker. Bland annat har man sett en högre förekomst av inälvsmaskar hos bönder som använder orenat avloppsvatten jämfört med de som använder rent...

  14. Wendlandia tinctoria (Roxb. DC. (Rubiaceae, a key nectar source for butterflies during the summer season in the southern Eastern Ghats, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.J.S. Raju

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Wendlandia tinctoria is a semi-evergreen tree species. It shows massive flowering for about a month during March-April. The floral characteristics such as the white colour of the flower, lack of odour, short-tubed corolla with deep seated nectar having 15-18% sugar concentration are well tailored for visitation by butterflies. The nectar is hexose-rich and contains the essential amino acids such as arginine and histidine and the non-essential amino acids such as alanine, aspartic acid, cysteine, glysine, hydroxyproline, tyrosine, glutamic acid and serine. The inflorescences with clusters of flowers provide an excellent platform for foraging by butterflies. The flowers are long-lived and attractive to butterflies. A variety of butterflies visit the flowers for nectar and in doing so, they pollinate them. Nymphalids are very diverse and utilize the flowers until exhausted. The flowers being small in size with a small amount of nectar compel the butterflies to do a more laborious search for nectar from a greater number of flowers. But, the clustered state of the flowers is energetically profitable for butterflies to reduce search time and also flight time to collect a good amount of nectar; such a probing behaviour is advantageous for the plant to achieve self- and cross-pollination. Therefore, the study shows that the association between W. tinctoria and butterflies is mutual and such an association is referred to as psychophilous. This plant serves as a key nectar source for butterflies at the study site where floral nectar sources are scarce during the summer season.

  15. The use of school teachers to promote oral hygiene in some secondary school students at Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India: A short term prospective pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Chandrashekar, Byalakere R.; Shankarappa Suma; Kaverikana Kiran; Manjunath, Badhravathi C.

    2012-01-01

    Study design : It was a short term prospective pilot study on a group of 116 secondary school students. Objectives: To assess the feasibility of using the services of school teachers to promote oral hygiene in secondary school students and compare the effectiveness of dental health education (DHE) offered by school teachers on a fortnightly basis with what is offered by dental professionals at three- monthly intervals. Materials and Methods: Six secondary schools were randomly selected. The b...

  16. Outcomes of polio eradication activities in Uttar Pradesh, India: the Social Mobilization Network (SM Net and Core Group Polio Project (CGPP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh Vibha

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The primary strategy to interrupt transmission of wild poliovirus in India is to improve supplemental immunization activities and routine immunization coverage in priority districts with a focus on 107 high-risk blocks of western Uttar Pradesh and central Bihar. Villages or urban areas with a history of wild poliovirus transmission, or hard-to-reach or resistant populations are categorized as high-risk areas within blocks. The Social Mobilization Network (SM Net was formed in Uttar Pradesh in 2003 to support polio eradication efforts through improved planning, implementation and monitoring of social mobilization activities in those high-risk areas. In this paper, we examine the vaccination outcomes in districts of SM Net where the CORE Group works. Methods We carried out a secondary data analysis of routine monitoring information collected by the SM Net and the Government of India. These data include information about vaccination outcomes in SM Net areas and non-SM Net areas within the districts where the CORE Group operates. Statistical analysis was used to compare, between SM Net and non-SM Net areas, vaccination outcomes considered sensitive to social mobilization efforts of the SM Net. We employed Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE statistical method to account for Intra-cluster Correlation (ICC, and used 'Quasi-likelihood under the independence model criterion (QIC' as the model selection method. Results Vaccination outcomes in SM Net areas were as high as or higher than in non-SM Net areas. There was considerable variation in vaccination outcomes between districts. Conclusions While not conclusive, the results suggest that the social mobilization efforts of the SM Net and the CORE Group are helping to increase vaccination levels in high-risk areas of Uttar Pradesh. Vaccination outcomes in CORE Group areas were equal or higher than in non-CORE, non-SM Net areas. This occurred even though SM Net areas are those with

  17. Photographic Record of Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata Geoffroy 1826 in Nyamjang Chu Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Medhi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A pair of Smooth-coated otters was sighted in remote temperate parts of the Nyamjang Chu valley (Chu = River in westernmost part of Tawang district, Arunachal Pradesh on 1st April 2014. The otters were photographed basking on a riverside rock and identified based on their morphological features. There were no previously published records of Smooth-coated Otters; normally a species found more in plains, from western Arunachal Pradesh and the state as a whole has very scanty information regarding presence and distribution of otters. The sighting signifies the rich biodiversity of Nyamjang Chu, in Pangchen valley and implies initiation of strong conservation measures to safeguard the future of the otters.

  18. Final plea for conservation of Gaultheria akaensis Panda and Sanjappa (Ericaceae), an extremely threatened, endemic medicinal plant from Aka Hill in Arunachal Pradesh of eastern Himalaya, India

    OpenAIRE

    S Panda

    2013-01-01

    Since its discovery in 2002 from Aka Hill in Arunachal Pradesh, the population of Gaultheria akaensis Panda and Sanjappa, a Critically Endangered, endemic medicinal plant is on the verge of extinction and currently represented by two individuals only. No trace of this species found in other Himalayan parts of India as well in Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar. Detailed phenological observation was also done from 2002 - 2011. The species is threatened due to road extension and hydro-electric...

  19. The rK39 immunochromatic dipstick testing: A study for K39 seroprevalence in dogs and human leishmaniasis patients for possible animal reservoir of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis in endemic focus of Satluj river valley of Himachal Pradesh (India)

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma Nand; Mahajan Vikram; Negi Ajit; Verma Ghanshyam

    2009-01-01

    Background: The newly recognized endemic focus of leishmaniasis in Satluj river valley of Himachal Pradesh (India) has both localized cutaneous leishmaniasis (LCL) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) predominantly caused by Leishmania donovani. Rapid rK39 immunochromatographic dipstick test detects circulating antibodies to recombinant K39 antigen of L. donovani-infantum complex and is highly specific/sensitive in diagnosing symptomatic or asymptomatic infection in humans and dogs. Methods: Th...

  20. Changing trends in the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in a rural district of India: Systematic observations over a decade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohit C Khanna

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context : Globally, limited data are available on changing trends of blindness from a single region. Aims : To report the changing trends in the prevalence of blindness, visual impairment (VI, and visual outcomes of cataract surgery in a rural district of Andhra Pradesh, India, over period of one decade. Settings and Design : Rural setting; cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods : Using a validated Rapid Assessment of Cataract Surgical Services (RACSS method, population-based, cross-sectional survey was done in a rural district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. Two-stage sampling procedure was used to select participants ≥50 years of age. Further, a comparative analysis was done with participants ≥50 years from the previously concluded Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study (APEDS study, who belonged to the same district. Statistical Analysis : Done using 11 th version of Stata. Results : Using RACSS, 2160/2300 (93.9% participants were examined as compared with the APEDS dataset (n=521. Age and sex adjusted prevalence of blindness in RACSS and APEDS was 8% (95% CI, 6.9-9.1% and 11% (95% CI, 8.3-13.7%, while that of VI was 13.6% (95% CI, 12.2-15.1% and 40.3% (95% CI, 36.1-44.5%, respectively. Cataract was the major cause of blindness in both the studies. There was a significant reduction in blindness following cataract surgery as observed through RACSS (17.3%; 95% CI, 13.5-21.8% compared with APEDS (34%; 95% CI, 20.9-49.3%. Conclusion : There was a significant reduction in prevalence of blindness and VI in this rural district of India over a decade.

  1. Association between oral health status and oral health-related quality of life among the prison inmate population of kanda model jail, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fotedar, Shailee; Chauhan, Atul; Bhardwaj, Vinay; Manchanda, Kavita; Fotedar, Vikas

    2016-01-01

    The prison population is a challenging one with many health problems including oral health. In a country such as India, the information regarding the oral health status in prisoners is scant. So, a cross-sectional study was carried out among a 311 prison inmate population of Kanda model jail, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India, to assess the dental caries levels, periodontal health status, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Dental caries was present among 71.8% of the population and the mean decayed missing and filled teeth index (DMFT) of the population was 5.1 ± 2.1. Calculus was seen among 54.9% of the population. The mean severity score, summed for the 14 items in the scale was 14.57. Dental caries, periodontal disease, the number of missing teeth were significantly associated with OHRQoL. The population had a higher level of oral diseases and one half of the population reported that their oral condition had negatively impacted them in some way, thereby affecting their quality of life. PMID:27350711

  2. Association between oral health status and oral health-related quality of life among the prison inmate population of kanda model jail, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shailee Fotedar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The prison population is a challenging one with many health problems including oral health. In a country such as India, the information regarding the oral health status in prisoners is scant. So, a cross-sectional study was carried out among a 311 prison inmate population of Kanda model jail, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India, to assess the dental caries levels, periodontal health status, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL. Dental caries was present among 71.8% of the population and the mean decayed missing and filled teeth index (DMFT of the population was 5.1 ± 2.1. Calculus was seen among 54.9% of the population. The mean severity score, summed for the 14 items in the scale was 14.57. Dental caries, periodontal disease, the number of missing teeth were significantly associated with OHRQoL. The population had a higher level of oral diseases and one half of the population reported that their oral condition had negatively impacted them in some way, thereby affecting their quality of life.

  3. Unsettling caste-bound gender orders: the convergence of teacher commitment and pupil aspiration in two schools in Madhya Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elspeth Page

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Whilst there has been significant progress towards gender equity in school enrolment, attendance and achievement in India since Independence in 1947, boys still out-perform girls in all these areas. Despite considerable social change and intervention in the last decade, poverty, the poor quality of government education, the highly abstract curriculum and restrictive class, caste and gender regimes interact to sustain gender inequality. This paper presents two case studies, focussed on gendered dimensions of schooling in and around two government schools in Madhya Pradesh, North Central India. The case studies illustrate that, despite the many challenges they had to overcome, girls from the most marginalised socio-economic groups were determined to succeed academically, and that two teachers, through their professionalism, attitudes and commitments, supported these girls in their struggles. Enrolment, attendance and achievement data demonstrates that, regardless of teachers’ positions on equality of opportunity, the interaction of complex caste-based dynamics and gender regimes operated to ensure that Dalit girls from low-income groups faced the most persistent inequalities of opportunity. Despite the persistence of bias in educational opportunity, however, both teachers renounced discrimination, attempted to treat all pupils equally and ultimately inspired most of them to aim for academic success. Spaces were thus created to challenge gendered caste and class regimes and compensate for some of the inadequacies of the system. Future policies and strategies in pursuit of educational gender equity must be based on further exploration of the lives, practices and insights of such teachers.

  4. An empirical analysis of the relationship between land size, ownership, and soybean productivity - new evidence from the semi-arid tropical region in Madhya Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Ananda Vadivelu

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available ICRISAT's intervention in the project 'improving management of natural resources for sustainable rainfed agriculture' funded by the Asian Development Bank aims to increase the productivity and sustainability of the medium and high-water holding capacity soils in the intermediate rainfall ecoregion in India, Vietnam, and Thailand. The study examines the productivity of soybean during the 1999 rainy season in one of the benchmark sites in Lateri watershed, Vidisha district, Madhya Pradesh, India. The productivity of the owner-operated farms is marginally higher at 0.72 t ha-1 compared to 0.68 t ha-1 among the share cropper-operated farms. The productivity of evaluated trail farms in Lalatora micro-watershed, which is used as a demonstration micro-watershed for evaluating improved management practice, has been high at 1.1 t ha-1 due to adoption of better input management practices. The profitability for the landlords and share croppers is documented and evidence is presented on the exploitative nature of the share cropping contracts, especially the 20:80 contract. The low productivity has been due to waterlogging which occurred due to heavy rains during the sowing period. The implications of the endemic nature of the low productivity under a liberalized trade regime is analyzed and suggestions are offered to the stakeholders on the future intervention strategies to tackle the problem of rainy season fallow, exploitative land tenancy arrangements, waterlogging, and equity issues.

  5. Adding content to contacts: measurement of high quality contacts for maternal and newborn health in Ethiopia, north east Nigeria, and Uttar Pradesh, India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanya Marchant

    Full Text Available Families in high mortality settings need regular contact with high quality services, but existing population-based measurements of contacts do not reflect quality. To address this, in 2012, we designed linked household and frontline worker surveys for Gombe State, Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Uttar Pradesh, India. Using reported frequency and content of contacts, we present a method for estimating the population level coverage of high quality contacts.Linked cluster-based household and frontline health worker surveys were performed. Interviews were conducted in 40, 80 and 80 clusters in Gombe, Ethiopia, and Uttar Pradesh, respectively, including 348, 533, and 604 eligible women and 20, 76, and 55 skilled birth attendants. High quality contacts were defined as contacts during which recommended set of processes for routine health care were met. In Gombe, 61% (95% confidence interval 50-72 of women had at least one antenatal contact, 22% (14-29 delivered with a skilled birth attendant, 7% (4-9 had a post-partum check and 4% (2-8 of newborns had a post-natal check. Coverage of high quality contacts was reduced to 11% (6-16, 8% (5-11, 0%, and 0% respectively. In Ethiopia, 56% (49-63 had at least one antenatal contact, 15% (11-22 delivered with a skilled birth attendant, 3% (2-6 had a post-partum check and 4% (2-6 of newborns had a post-natal check. Coverage of high quality contacts was 4% (2-6, 4% (2-6, 0%, and 0%, respectively. In Uttar Pradesh 74% (69-79 had at least one antenatal contact, 76% (71-80 delivered with a skilled birth attendant, 54% (48-59 had a post-partum check and 19% (15-23 of newborns had a post-natal check. Coverage of high quality contacts was 6% (4-8, 4% (2-6, 0%, and 0% respectively.Measuring content of care to reflect the quality of contacts can reveal missed opportunities to deliver best possible health care.

  6. A novel psychrophilic Janthinobacterium lividum MMPP4 isolated from Manimahesh Lake of Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh, India

    OpenAIRE

    Ranjana Suman; Parul Sharma; Sonika Gupta; Anuradha Sourirajan; Kamal Dev

    2015-01-01

    We isolated psychrophilic bacterial strains from high altitude (elevation 13,390 ft) Manimahesh Lake of Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh. Based on phenotypic characteristics and growth appearance at 4ºC, four bacterial isolates (MMPP2, MMPP4, MMPP5, and MMPP7) were selected and showed optimum growth at 20ºC and no growth was detected at 25ºC.  Qualitative assay showed that cell free medium of MMPP4 prevent inhibition of freezing (antifreeze activity) as determined...

  7. Site-specific Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Map of Himachal Pradesh, India. Part I. Site-specific Ground Motion Relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muthuganeisan Prabhu

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article presents four regional site-specific ground motion relations developed for the state of Himachal Pradesh in northwest Himalaya, situated in a seismically active region. These relations are developed from synthetic free surface ground motion databases obtained from a calibrated stochastic seismological model considering the characteristic properties of this specific region. The adopted methodology incorporates the site effects characterised through active MASW tests conducted in 22 important cities. The estimated ground motion levels from the developed relations are found to be in reasonable agreement with the recorded data.

  8. Mineralogical sources of groundwater fluoride in Archaen bedrock/regolith aquifers: mass balances from the Peninsular Granite Complex, southern India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallett, Bethan; Burgess, William; Valsami-Jones, Eugenia

    2014-05-01

    Fluoride in groundwater-sourced drinking water is a widespread concern in India, particularly in the granitic gneiss bedrock/regolith catchments of Andhra Pradesh, one of the most severely affected states. Mobilisation of F- to groundwater is ultimately the consequence of bedrock weathering and regolith development, yet in crystalline bedrock/regolith terrain of the Peninsular Granite Complex, which constitutes a strategically important aquifer environment in India, uncertainties persist in relation to the relative contribution of the different F-bearing minerals and their distribution between the bedrock and the regolith. Even the relative significance of the bedrock and regolith as sources of fluoride to groundwater is disputed, as are explanations of seasonal and/or secular trends in groundwater F-. There are important implications for management of the groundwater resource. Understanding the mechanisms and progress of chemical weathering of the granitic gneiss is key to these questions, ie how effectively is F removed from its primary source(s) as the bedrock weathers? And, to what extent is F- flushed from the weathering profile and/or re-sequestered by secondary mineral phases as the regolith develops? To address these questions we have applied optical petrography, XRD, scanning electron microprobe analysis, whole-rock chemical analysis and leaching experiments to samples of bedrock and regolith from two catchments in Andhra Pradesh. We have quantified the distribution of F between its individual mineralogical sources, and between bedrock and regolith. Experiments show there is no straightforward relationship between whole-rock F content and leached [F-]; in some instances regolith samples leach higher F- concentrations than the fresh granitic gneiss. Results shed light on conflicting conceptual models of F release to groundwater in gneissic bedrock/regolith aquifers. Accounting for groundwater [F-], simple estimates of groundwater flux in the catchments

  9. Uranium Mining and Remediation in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes the present situation of uranium mining and remediation in India. In India, the nuclear energy sector encompassing the complete fuel cycle is under the control of Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India. Uranium Corporation of India Ltd. (UCIL), a public sector undertaking under Department of Atomic Energy, with its headquarter at Jaduguda has been operating four underground mines, one opencast mine and two ore processing plants in East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand state. All these units are located in a geologically significant province - called Singhbhum Shear Zone, known for its uranium-copper resources. In addition, two large uranium mining and processing projects have been planned in the States of Andhra Pradesh and Meghalaya. These mines will be brought into production during the period between 2007 and 2012, and thereby increase the uranium production in the country for India's nuclear power programme. Though the mining operations for uranium in India commenced way back in the year 1968, no uranium mine has been closed so far in India. (author)

  10. Collection, identification and shelf life enhancement of wild edible fungi used by ethnic tribes of Madhya Pradesh, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An extensive survey for collection and identification of wild edible fungi was undertaken in three districts namely Mandla, Dindori and Shahdol of Northern Hill Region of Chhattisgarh (An Agro-climatic Zone) belonging to Madhya Pradesh. A total of 9 species were documented as wild edible fungi used for food purpose by ethnic tribes of selected region. These wild edible fungi make a substantial contribution to the food security of tribal people of Madhya Pradesh. Identification was done on the basis of morphological characteristics. Termitomyces spp. recorded highest no. of spp. (7) followed by Scleroderma spp (1spp.) and Russula spp. (1spp). For shelf life enhancement, wild edible fungi were irradiated with 0,1.0, 1.5 or 2.0 kGy gamma radiation doses, packed in LDPE bags and stored at 50℃. T. heimii Natrajan showed 15 days, T. radicatus Natarajan 9 days, Scleroderma spp. Showed 24 days of shelf life treated with 1.5 kGy dose whereas Russula Spp., T. eurhizus (Berk) R.heim treated with 1.0 kGy radiation dose showed 9 days of shelf life in terms of all sensory attributes. All the irradiated mushrooms had lower PLW (Physiological Loss in Weight) and better microbial quality as compared to control. Nutritional quality of wild edible fungi was not affected adversely by gamma radiation. This type of study could contribute significantly to improve food security in tribal areas, whose potential as source of nutrition is currently undervalued. (author)

  11. Adapting to climate change in a forest-based land use system. A case study of Himachal Pradesh, India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deshingkar, P.; Bradley, P.N.; Chadwick, M.J.; Leach, G. [Stockholm Environment Inst. (Sweden); Kaul, O.N.; Banerjee, S.P.; Singh, B.; Kanetkar, R. [Tata Energy Research Inst., New Delhi (India)

    1997-12-31

    Current climate models show an increase of 3 deg C by year 2100 for the state of Himachal Pradesh. The change in rainfall is difficult to predict, a range of -20% to +20% is suggested from different models. Dynamic vegetation modelling shows that under moderate climatic change there could be an 11% increase in the total area under tree cover in Himachal Pradesh. There will be a north-eastwards migration of forest types as cold habitat biomes are replaced by warm weather species. Current anthropogenic pressure from livestock management activities, unsustainable forest product exploitation and habitat fragmentation will probably outweigh any direct impacts of climate change on vegetation. Consequently, the change in the area under different forest types and the species composition within these forest types will differ from model predictions. It is likely that more competitive and robust species such as Chir Pine and Blue Pine will survive and those species which are already overexploited such as the oaks and Deodar will become more endangered. Sustainable adaption strategies should aim at reducing the pressures from subsistence and commercial activities on forests: ongoing efforts in participatory forest management should be strengthened to reflect the interests of various stakeholders. The resilience of forest ecosystems to climate change can also be increased by identifying and planting tree species which can tolerate a wider range of climatic conditions. This will require government and donor commitment to invest in building the necessary institutional and research capacity 147 refs, 42 figs, 12 tabs

  12. HAS ANDHRHA PRADESH BECOME A RICE-SURPLUS STATE?

    OpenAIRE

    Ramanamurthy, R V

    2013-01-01

    Rice production in Andhra Pradesh has risen remarkably in the last three decades. The farm harvest prices started falling below the minimum support prices in the state in the recent years. This is viewed by some as an indication of surplus production over its domestic requirements in the state, which has several policy implications. This paper makes an estimation of demand for rice in the last twenty years to assess the claim and makes projections for rice demand the next five years. Further,...

  13. Predictors of ante-natal care, delivery and infant feeding practices among rural women in Madhya Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indrapal Ishwarji Meshram

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Maternal and infant mortality rates and prevalence of under nutrition are high in the State Madhya Pradesh. Regular ante-natal check-ups (ANC, delivery by trained health personnel, delivery practices and optimal infant feeding practices are important to reduce maternal and infant mortality. Objectives: The aim was to assess antenatal care, delivery and infant feeding practices of mothers of <1-year-old children in Madhya Pradesh. Materials and Methods: This was community-based cross-sectional study carried out in the rural areas of Madhya Pradesh by adopting systematic random sampling procedure. Data were collected from 5324 mothers having <1-year-old children. Information on household (HH socioeconomic and demographic particulars was collected from the mothers. Bivariate and multivariate analysis was performed to study the association between dependent and independent variables. Results and Interpretations: About 36% mothers had undergone at least three ante-natal check-ups and 73% delivered either at government or private hospitals. Only 26% mothers initiated breastfeeding within 1-h of birth and 92% fed colostrum. Step-wise regression analysis showed that ante-natal care for <3 times was significantly (P < 0.01 higher among women with high parity (≥5, illiterate women, and among lower socioeconomic group,s while home delivery was higher among women with high parity (≥5 (odds ratio [OR]: 2.3, among Scheduled Caste and Tribe women (OR: 1.5, illiteracy of head of HH (OR: 2, and among lower socioeconomic groups (OR: 1.3. Discarding colostrum was higher among illiterate women (OR: 1.6, belonging to lower socioeconomic groups (OR: 1.4 and delivery conducted by untrained person (OR: 3.9, while initiation of breastfeeding after 1-h of childbirth was higher among ≥30 years women (OR: 1.9, illiterate women (OR: 1.4, and delivery by untrained person (OR: 2.9. Conclusions: It was observed that antenatal care, delivery and infant and

  14. Pterocarpus santalinus (Red Sanders an Endemic, Endangered Tree of India: Current Status, Improvement and the Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AN Arunkumar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Pterocarpus santalinus (Family – Fabaceae popularly known as Red Sanders is an endemic species confined to Southern parts of Eastern Ghats of India specially in Andhra Pradesh. Heartwood of Red Sanders has high demand in domestic as well as international market and the wavy grained wood is valued.  Along with its extensive use in furniture, the red dye obtained from the wood is used as colouring agent for textile, medicine and food. The heartwood can accumulate various elements and rare earth elements like strontium cadmium, zinc, copper and uranium. The wood has different uses in traditional and folklore medicines and is used for the treatment of diabetes, prickly heat, skin diseases and for various other ailments. A number of studies have been carried out to anatomically and phenotypicaly screen wavy grain at seedling stage. Morphological variability and genetic diversity studies reveal that Red Sanders harbours enormous variability. Though, macro and micro propagation protocol have been developed, further refinement is required for mass propagation. Andhra Pradesh Forest Department has also initiated different activities under tree improvement programme. Considering the wood demand, restricted distribution, slow regeneration, illegal harvest, trade and habitat destruction, the species has been categorized as endangered by International Union for Conservation of Nature and has been listed in Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and is also classified as a “reserved tree” under the Andhra Pradesh Preservation of Private Forest Rules, 1978. To revive the past glory of this valuable species, Government agencies, farmers, entrepreneurs and policy makers have to join hands for its protection, sustainable utilization and conservation.

  15. De-skilling in Handloom Sector. A study of the handloom Weavers of Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh in India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanusree Shaw

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the effect of capitalist control and technological changes in the handloom industry of Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. The Karl Marx and Harry Braverman’s concept of deskilling is one of the consequences of the capitalistic control and technological changes and it studied theoretically and empirically in the field area. Deskilling is a feature of the labour process theory and it is a process that gives rise to alienation of labour. The handloom industry of Varanasi is dominated by the system of monopoly capitalism where Merchant/Master weaver/Gaddidar controls over the labour process. The ‘logic’ of capitalist production requires the constant transformation of the techniques of producing. This involves increasing mechanization and automation and as a corollary, the displacement of skills. In Varanasi, such mechanization and automation has taken place. As a result the artisan becomes deskilled and loss of job from the traditional handloom industry.

  16. Glacial meltwater impounding: Evidence from the late Quaternary glaciogenic sediments in the Sangla valley, district Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh, India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R K Ganjoo; M N Koul

    2005-08-01

    Sangla valley is situated at an altitude of ∼3500m above mean sea level and lies in the Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh. It is fed by river Baspa, a tributary of river Sutlej, that entrenches through the Quaternary glaciogenic deposits before emerging out of the valley and joining the river Sutlej at Karcham. The unstratified to stratified glaciogenic deposits consist of large boulders to fine silt and are classified into four major depositional facies on the basis of sedimentary texture and depositional environment. The facies — basal conglomerates, debris flow, water/sheet flow and laminites — represents the change in the environment of deposition from glaciofluvial to lacustrine and also the extent of the glacier to the valley floor during late Quaternary.

  17. Climate Change And Mitigation Measures For The Hydrometerological Disaster In Himachal Pradesh India- In Light Of Dams.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinay K. Pandey

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Continuing climate change is predicted to lead to major changes in the climate of the Himalayan region. Casualties and damage due to hazards in mountain regions will increase irrespective of global warming especially where populations are growing and infrastructure is developed at exposed locations. But climate change will definitely increase risk due to the fact that expected increases of heavy rainfall heat waves and glacier melt will amplify hazards in Himalayan region. The rapid release of melt water and rainfall may combine to trigger debris flows and flash flood in higher ranges including the formation of potentially dangerous lakes. These lakes may breach suddenly resulting in discharge of huge volume of water and debris. Himachal Pradesh had experienced a large number of incidences of Hydro-meteorological disaster HMD since its inception in 1971. Flash flood of March 1975 Dec 1988 Satluj flash flood of August 2000 July 2001 June 2005 Flash flood of July 2005 and Cloud burst in June 2013 are the major natural calamities in Himachal Pradesh. Due to continuous HMD brought heavy toll to the state as the loss was estimated in several thousand millions of rupees and also killed several hundreds of people besides large number of cattle heads. Through this paper we carried out a comprehensive study of past HMD and mitigation measures solution and concluded that these disaster are by their nature difficult to predict and control but it is possible to reduce the risk to lives and property through develop mitigation strategy and plan to construct damsbarrages with awareness and knowledge among local communities about the impacts of global warming natural disaster and the threat to the ecosystem communities and infrastructure are generally inadequate.

  18. Spatial and Temporal Variation of Japanese encephalitis Disease and Detection of Disease Hotspots: a Case Study of Gorakhpur District, Uttar Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, S.; Gupta, R. D.

    2014-11-01

    In recent times, Japanese Encephalitis (JE) has emerged as a serious public health problem. In India, JE outbreaks were recently reported in Uttar Pradesh, Gorakhpur. The present study presents an approach to use GIS for analyzing the reported cases of JE in the Gorakhpur district based on spatial analysis to bring out the spatial and temporal dynamics of the JE epidemic. The study investigates spatiotemporal pattern of the occurrence of disease and detection of the JE hotspot. Spatial patterns of the JE disease can provide an understanding of geographical changes. Geospatial distribution of the JE disease outbreak is being investigated since 2005 in this study. The JE incidence data for the years 2005 to 2010 is used. The data is then geo-coded at block level. Spatial analysis is used to evaluate autocorrelation in JE distribution and to test the cases that are clustered or dispersed in space. The Inverse Distance Weighting interpolation technique is used to predict the pattern of JE incidence distribution prevalent across the study area. Moran's I Index (Moran's I) statistics is used to evaluate autocorrelation in spatial distribution. The Getis-Ord Gi*(d) is used to identify the disease areas. The results represent spatial disease patterns from 2005 to 2010, depicting spatially clustered patterns with significant differences between the blocks. It is observed that the blocks on the built up areas reported higher incidences.

  19. A follow-up study on indoor 222Rn, 220Rn their decay product concentrations in a mineralised zone of Himachal Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajwa, B S; Singh, Parminder; Singh, Prabhjot; Saini, Komal; Singh, Surinder; Sahoo, B K; Sapra, B K

    2016-03-01

    A follow-up study was taken up in a mineralised zone situated in Hamirpur district, Himachal Pradesh, India, to investigate high values of radon concentrations reported in past studies as well to update the old radon data based on bare SSNTD technique. In the present investigation, the concentrations of indoor radon, thoron and their decay products have been measured using the newly developed radon/thoron discriminating diffusion chamber with single entry face, direct radon and thoron progeny sensors (DRPS/DTPS), respectively. The measurements have been carried out in 75 dwellings of 14 different villages where the previous studies were carried out using bare SSNTD technique. It was observed that high values of earlier reported radon concentrations were mainly due to thoron interference in the Solid State Nuclear Track Detector (LR-115 type II) exposed in bare mode. Now, the average concentration values and the estimated annual inhalation dose in these villages have been found to be within the reference level as recommended by the ICRP. The annual average indoor radon and thoron concentrations observed in these dwellings have been found to vary from 44±12 to 157±73 Bq m(-3) and 44±11 to 240±125 Bq m(-3), respectively. The equilibrium equivalent concentrations of radon and thoron decay products have been observed to be in the range of 10 to 63 and 1 to 5 Bq m(-3), respectively. PMID:26184660

  20. Urban land use and geohazards in the Itanagar Capital city, Arunachal Pradesh, India: Need for geoethics in urban disaster resilience governance in a changing climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acharjee, Swapna

    2013-04-01

    The capital city, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, India is exposed to the multiple geohazards as the city is located in the region which experiences extreme physical phenomenon due to changing climate in the tectonically active North-Eastern Himalayas. The geohazards in Itanagar includes landslides, floods, soil erosion and earthquakes. The high decadal growth rate of 111.36% in 1991-2001 census has brought in many challenges with respect to the capital city developmental planning. Due to rapid and haphazard growth in urban land use the people residing in the city are gradually becoming more vulnerable to the geohazards in the past decades. The city condition at present has raised issues of grave concern related to effective hazard management. It is observed that geoscientific approach is violated at many places in the urban developmental activities along the central spine, the National Highway-52A of the capital city. There is an urgent need of geoscientists to apprise the urban populace about land suitability and stability in terms of rock types, soil, slope, geomorphology, groundwater condition etc. and the vulnerability of the existing urban land use to landslides, flood, soil erosion and earthquakes. In this paper major issue, critical issues and elements at risk are discussed in the context of ethics in geohazard management and developmental planning for urban disaster resilience governance in a changing climate.