Sample records for andersonite

  1. Exploration for sandstone- type uranium mineralisation in the Siwaliks of northwestern Himalaya, India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Swarnkar, B.M.; Kothari, P.K.; Umamaheswar, K.; Srinivasan, S.


    The Siwalik Group with a thickness of about 6000m of fluvial sediments of middle Miocene to Pleistocene age has been explored extensively over two decades for U, using various types of exploration techniques involving air-borne gamma-ray spectrometry, radiation jeep survey, hydrogeochemical survey, ground radiometric survey, radon survey, exploratory drilling and mining, Exploration effort by the Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD) has helped in identifying numerous uranium occurrences spread over the entire Siwalik belt between Poonch (Jammu and Kashmir) in the west and Tanakpur (Uttar Pradesh) in the east, in the northwest Himalaya. Eight significant zones were delineated, mostly confining to distinct stratigraphic horizons of the transition zone between Middle and Upper Siwaliks, and occasionally the transition zone between Lower and Middle Siwaliks. These mineralised zones have a considerable lateral extent of up to 12 km and are associated with sandstones and rarely conglomerates. Uranium mineralisation occurs in the form of peneconcordant lensoidal bodies with individual lenses traceable from a few tens of metres to 700m, sub-parallel to strike or dip, with average grades varying from 0.020 - 0.060% U 3 O 8 and thickness less than a metre to 4m. The host rock of uranium mineralisation is predominantly sandstone containing carbonaceous matter, pyrite and clay pellets. The sandstone is often arkosic and micaceous, and termed as lithic wacke and arkosic wacke. The uranium minerals present are uraninite, pitchblende, coffinite and secondary minerals such as tyuyamunite, metatyuyamunite, uranophane, bayleyite, andersonite, schoepite, liebegite, swartzite, schroekingerite, wulfenite, billictite, betauranophane, autunite and torbernite. Relatively higher concentrations or Se, Mo, Cu, Co, V and Au have been noted in a few uranirerous zones. Concentration or uranium in the Siwalik clastic sediments is controlled by the redox interface

  2. Description and crystal structure of albrechtschraufite, MgCa{sub 4}F{sub 2}[UO{sub 2}(CO{sub 3}){sub 3}]{sub 2}.17-18H{sub 2}O

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mereiter, K. [Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria). Inst. of Chemical Technologies and Analytics


    are linked by Ca[UO{sub 2}(CO{sub 3}){sub 3}].5H{sub 2}O moieties into a framework of the composition MgCa{sub 4}F{sub 2}[UO{sub 2}(CO{sub 3}){sub 3}].13H{sub 2}O. Five additional water molecules are located in voids of the framework and show large displacement parameters. One of the water positions is partly vacant, leading to a total water content of 17-18H{sub 2}O per formula unit. The MgCa{sub 3}F{sub 2}[UO{sub 2}(CO{sub 3}){sub 3}].8H{sub 2}O layers are pseudosymmetric according to plane group symmetry cmm. The remaining constituents do not sustain this pseudosymmetry and make the entire structure truly triclinic. A characteristic paddle-wheel motif Ca[UO{sub 2}(CO{sub 3}){sub 3}]{sub 4}Ca relates the structure of albrechtschraufite partly to that of andersonite and two synthetic alkali calcium uranyl tricarbonates.