WorldWideScience

Sample records for anamneses-based internet information

  1. Anamneses-Based Internet Information Supply: Can a Combination of an Expert System and Meta-Search Engine Help Consumers find the Health Information they Require?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honekamp, Wilfried; Ostermann, Herwig

    2010-04-09

    An increasing number of people search for health information online. During the last 10 years various researchers have determined the requirements for an ideal consumer health information system. The aim of this study was to figure out, whether medical laymen can find a more accurate diagnosis for a given anamnesis via the developed prototype health information system than via ordinary internet search.In a randomized controlled trial, the prototype information system was evaluated by the assessment of two sample cases. Participants had to determine the diagnosis of a patient with a headache via information found searching the web. A patient's history sheet and a computer with internet access were provided to the participants and they were guided through the study by an especially designed study website. The intervention group used the prototype information system; the control group used common search engines and portals. The numbers of correct diagnoses in each group were compared.A total of 140 (60/80) participants took part in two study sections. In the first case, which determined a common diagnosis, both groups did equally well. In the second section, which determined a less common and more complex case, the intervention group did significantly better (P=0.031) due to the tailored information supply.Using medical expert systems in combination with a portal searching meta-search engine represents a feasible strategy to provide reliable patient-tailored information and can ultimately contribute to patient safety with respect to information found via the internet.

  2. Internet and information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文龙

    2001-01-01

    As the society develops, information becomesmore important than ever before. Computers willgradually be familiar to more and more people andbe used in more and more ways. Internet makes theworld integrated(合并) as a whole. So, it is important to learn how to make use of the Internet.

  3. Internet Use for Health Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health Services Utilization > Internet use for Health Information Internet use for Health Information Narrative Due in part ... adults in the United States who use the Internet has increased substantially, from 47 percent in 2000 ...

  4. Perceptions of Internet Information Credibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzger, Miriam J.; Flanagin, Andrew J.

    2000-01-01

    Seeks to assess people's perceptions of the credibility of various categories of Internet information. Finds that respondents considered Internet information to be as credible as that obtained from television, radio, and magazines, but not as credible as newspaper information. Explores the social relevance of the findings and discusses them in…

  5. Internet technologies and information services

    CERN Document Server

    Miller, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    Internet Technologies and Information Services: Second Edition is a vital asset to students preparing for careers in library and information science and provides expanded coverage to important new developments while still covering Internet foundations. In addition to networking, the Internet, HTML, web design, web programming, XML, and web searching, this new edition covers additional topics such as cloud computing, content management systems, eBook technologies, mobile technologies and applications, relational database management systems (RDMS), open source software, and virtual priva

  6. Internet Network Resource Information Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈传峰; 李增智; 唐亚哲; 刘康平

    2002-01-01

    The foundation of any network management systens is a database that con-tains information about the network resources relevant to the management tasks. A networkinformation model is an abstraction of network resources, including both managed resources andmanaging resources. In the SNMP-based management framework, management information isdefined almost exclusively from a "device" viewpoint, namely, managing a network is equiva-lent to managing a collection of individual nodes. Aiming at making use of recent advances indistributed computing and in object-oriented analysis and design, the Internet management ar-chitecture can also be based on the Open Distributed Processing Reference Model (RM-ODP).The purpose of this article is to provide an Internet Network Resource Information Model.First, a layered management information architecture will be discussed. Then the Internetnetwork resource information model is presented. The information model is specified usingObject-Z.

  7. Customer perceptions on Internet banking information protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Redlinghuis

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: South Africa has a well-developed and established banking system which compares favourably with those in many developed countries (e.g. USA, but also sets South Africa apart from many other emerging market countries like Egypt and Brazil. Four dominant banks, namely the Amalgamated Banks of South Africa (ABSA, Standard Bank, Nedcor and First National Bank (FNB influence the South African banking environment. Internet banking has slowly been taking off in South Africa since 1996 as consumers are attracted to the convenience, safety and lower costs of doing banking online. Trust is a significant component of Internet banking and online services and products.Objectives: This article has reported on the results of a survey (a close-ended questionnaire that was conducted by alumni of the University of Johannesburg (UJ. The research problem for this study has been formulated as ‘what are Internet banking customers’ perception on information protection when using Internet banking services and products?’Method: The methodology for this study falls on quantitative research. The research study consisted of a detailed literature review, followed by an empirical component which consisted of a quantitative questionnaire. The questionnaire used in this study consisted of eight sections covering biographical information, financial institution and Internet banking, Internet banking service quality and delivery, Internet banking functionality, Internet banking costs, Internet banking convenience and relationships, Internet banking trust and Internet banking security and information technology (IT.Results: It was established that the findings of this research could assist financial institutions with fostering and building greater value adding relationships with their customers. These value-adding endeavours will ensure that customers experience and perceive their Internet banking experience to be enriching. Education and awareness campaigns are

  8. Mathematics of Information Processing and the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Eric W.

    2010-01-01

    The mathematics of information processing and the Internet can be organized around four fundamental themes: (1) access (finding information easily); (2) security (keeping information confidential); (3) accuracy (ensuring accurate information); and (4) efficiency (data compression). In this article, the author discusses each theme with reference to…

  9. Internet-based intelligent information processing systems

    CERN Document Server

    Tonfoni, G; Ichalkaranje, N S

    2003-01-01

    The Internet/WWW has made it possible to easily access quantities of information never available before. However, both the amount of information and the variation in quality pose obstacles to the efficient use of the medium. Artificial intelligence techniques can be useful tools in this context. Intelligent systems can be applied to searching the Internet and data-mining, interpreting Internet-derived material, the human-Web interface, remote condition monitoring and many other areas. This volume presents the latest research on the interaction between intelligent systems (neural networks, adap

  10. Problem of Information Security Traffic on Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Šarić

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Internet information traffic becomes greater and moreimportant. With increasing growth of information importancerequirement for its security becomes indispensable. Theinformation security problem especially affect large and smallcompanies whose prosperity is depending on Internet presence.This affecting the three areas of Internet commerce: credit cardtransactions, virtual private networks and digital certification.To ensure information traffic it is necessary to find a solution,in a proper way, for three major problems: frontier problem,market problem and government problem. While the eventualemergence of security standards for Internet transactions isexpected, it will not automatically result in secure Internettransactions. In future, there is a wealth of security issues thatwill continue to require attention: internal security, continuedhacking, social engineering, malicious code, reliability andperformance, skills shortages and denial of se1vice attacks.

  11. Finding Good Health Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health Information Finding Good Health Information on the Internet Past Issues / Fall 2016 Table of Contents Stephanie ... for free. “We provide MedlinePlus.gov , and our Spanish sister site MedlinePlus en Español , so that you ...

  12. Essays on Internet and Information Economics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. van der Noll

    2006-01-01

    textabstractIn the last decade we have witnessed advances in information and communication technologies. These ICTs play a central role in the world economy: the rise of the Internet has facilitated the dissemination of information, while technological progress at the same time enhances th

  13. The authority and utility of Internet information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merrell, Ronald C; Cone, Stephen W; Rafiq, Azhar

    2008-01-01

    Internet use for health information by both practitioners and consumers continues to expand geometrically. The impact of Internet on practice, access and health decisions is considerable and will probably grow to the predominant mode of health information delivery in the coming years. As the growth of this unregulated global bulletin board continues, how do we assure the quality of the information retrieved by professionals and patients? What are the indicators of quality? How should we measure impact? How do authoritative sources get the attention and who should decide? What should practitioners recommend? What should medical teachers advise trainees? This review of Internet content, access and application considers the history, patterns of use, evaluation studies and specialty examples. A few authoritative sources are recommended and that recommendation is justified. Changes in health care delivery must take best advantage of the Internet with least disruption to the important principles of practice and patient relationships. The health community needs effective interaction with medicine's inevitable partner, the Internet.

  14. Cancer Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Many companies and organizations use e-mail to advertise or attract people to their websites. The accuracy ... Statistics Center Volunteer Learning Center Follow Us Twitter Facebook Instagram Cancer Information, Answers, and Hope. Available Every ...

  15. Internet health information in the patient-provider dialogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Traci

    2008-10-01

    A patient discussing Internet health information with a health care provider (referred to as "patient-provider communication about Internet health information") can contribute positively to health outcomes. Although research has found that once Internet access is achieved, there are no ethnic differences in Internet health information seeking, it is unclear if there are ethnic differences in patient-provider communication about Internet health information. To help fill this gap in the literature, the National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey 2005 was analyzed with Stata 9. Two sets of logistic regression analyses were conducted, one for a subsample of Internet users (n = 3,244) and one for a subsample of Internet users who are first-generation immigrants (n = 563). The dependent variable was patient-provider communication about Internet health information, which assessed whether survey participants had discussed online health information with a health care provider. The predictor variables included trust of health care provider, trust of online health information, Internet use, health care coverage, frequency of visits to health care provider, health status, and demographics. Among all Internet users, Whites had higher levels of patient-provider communication about Internet health information than Blacks and Asians. Similarly, among Internet users who are immigrants, Whites had higher levels of patient-provider communication about Internet health information than Blacks and Asians. While the digital divide is narrowing in terms of Internet access, racial differences in patient-provider communication about Internet health information may undermine the potential benefits of the information age.

  16. Use of the Internet for Health Information: United States, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... National Technical Information Service NCHS Use of the Internet for Health Information: United States, 2009 Recommend on ... more likely than men to have used the Internet for health information. Women were more likely than ...

  17. Internet and Electronic Information Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-04-01

    unresolved issues make digital preservation a "time bomb" for electronic information management (Hedstrom 1998). 8. An ecological model for...Industt, Management, 6(2): 36-45. Hedstrom, M. (1998). Digital preservation : a time bomb for digital libraries. [Online]. Available: http://www.uky.edu

  18. Internet Renewable energy Information System (IRIS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bäurle, Britta; Nielsen, Vilhjalmur; Ménard, Lionel

    1999-01-01

    Even though the Internet is now a widely accessible data source, the unorganised flood of information makes a specific request e.g. for renewable energy products inefficient. In addition, existing databases on renewable energies are often old and incomplete. The objective of IRIS has been...... to organise and retrieve renewable energy product information on the Internet instead of collecting it manually. Updating coincides with the self interestself-interest of manufacturers to present their latest renewable energy products on their own HTML documents. IRIS is based on a set of powerful tools...... on biogas systems in order to become part of IRIS. IRIS has been developed in the context of the project „AVALANCHE" which is partly funded under the JOULE programme of the European Commission DGXII.Keywords: Renewable Energy Technologies - Electronic Commerce - Information System - META-tags...

  19. Internet-accessible real-time weather information system

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Desai, R.G.P.; Joseph, A.; Desa, E.; Mehra, P.; Desa, E.; Gouveia, A.D.

    An internet-accessible real-time weather information system has been developed. This system provides real-time accessibility to weather information from a multitude of spatially distributed weather stations. The Internet connectivity also offers...

  20. 46 CFR 503.24 - Information available via the internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information available via the internet. 503.24 Section... Information Act Procedures § 503.24 Information available via the internet. (a) The Commission maintains an internet web site. The Commission home page may be found at http://www.fmc.gov. (b) The following...

  1. Mozart versus Minsky: Information Bias on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, David G.

    1997-01-01

    Discussion of the Internet as a source of information focuses on the question of whether the Internet provides a representative subset of the known body of knowledge and information. Highlights include the knowledge comparison function; and the significance of information equivalence as a basis for setting goals for Internet research policy. (LRW)

  2. Information science. Going, going, gone: lost Internet references.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dellavalle, Robert P; Hester, Eric J; Heilig, Lauren F; Drake, Amanda L; Kuntzman, Jeff W; Graber, Marla; Schilling, Lisa M

    2003-10-31

    The use of Internet references in academic literature is common, and Internet references are frequently inaccessible. The extent of Internet referencing and Internet reference activity in medical or scientific publications was systematically examined in more than 1000 articles published between 2000 and 2003 in the New England Journal of Medicine, The Journal of the American Medical Association, and Science. Internet references accounted for 2.6% of all references (672/25548) and in articles 27 months old, 13% of Internet references were inactive. Publishers, librarians, and readers need to reassess policies, archiving systems, and other resources for addressing Internet reference attrition to prevent further information loss.

  3. Internet Use for Health Information among College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escoffery, Cam; Miner, Kathleen R.; Adame, Daniel D.; Butler, Susan; McCormick, Laura; Mendell, Elizabeth

    2005-01-01

    Use of the Internet to retrieve health information is increasingly common. The authors surveyed 743 undergraduate students at 2 academic institutions to examine their Internet use, health-seeking behaviors, and attitudes related to the use of the Internet to obtain health information. Fifty-three percent of the respondents indicated that they…

  4. 47 CFR 73.3617 - Information available on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information available on the Internet. 73.3617 Section 73.3617 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... the Internet. The Media Bureau and each of its Divisions provide information on the Internet...

  5. [Information about electroconvulsive therapy on the internet].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degraeve, G; Van Heeringen, C; Audenaert, K

    2006-01-01

    This article aims to provide a quantitative and qualitative assessment of the information about electroconvulsive therapy that is currently available on the internet. We carried out a quantitative assessment by entering five search terms into eight (meta)search engines. We achieved our qualitative assessment by visiting the first twenty websites generated by each search on one of the search engines, in particular Google (www.google.com), and by scoring these websites with an adapted Sandvik-score. We conclude that the scored websites are technically sound but are incomplete as far as content is concerned.

  6. Internet Politics in an Information economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon Marshall

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available It is argued that models of the "new" Information economy are in many ways incompatible with the more free wheeling modes of exchange which were part of the traditions of online society. The so called "hacker ethic" built around the prestation of open or free software seems to be under challenge, and not, as Pekka Himanen suggests, the forerunner of a new freer society. Knowledge workers may not be particularly powerful, or part of any kind of democratic vanguard. A contestation over types of property is occurring and apparently being won by the corporate sector. Furthermore it seems the "information society" may favour inaccuracies and certainty in information, rather than a kind of problem solving democracy based on factuality. As a result expectations that the Internet may lead to a revitalisation of democracy, or discussion, are probably over optimistic.

  7. Seniors, health information, and the Internet: motivation, ability, and Internet knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheng, Xiaojing; Simpson, Penny M

    2013-10-01

    Providing health information to older adults is crucial to empowering them to better control their health, and the information is readily available on the Internet. Yet, little is known about the factors that are important in affecting seniors' Internet search for health information behavior. This work addresses this research deficit by examining the role of health information orientation (HIO), eHealth literacy, and Internet knowledge (IK) in affecting the likelihood of using the Internet as a source for health information. The analysis reveals that each variable in the study is significant in affecting Internet search likelihood. Results from the analysis also demonstrate the partial mediating role of eHealth literacy and the interaction between eHealth literacy and HIO. The findings suggest that improving seniors' IK and eHealth literacy would increase their likelihood of searching for and finding health information on the Internet that might encourage better health behaviors.

  8. The Effect of Students' Perceptions of Internet Information Quality on Their Use of Internet Information in Inquiry-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pow, Jacky; Li, Sandy C.

    2015-01-01

    In Web 2.0 environments, the quality of published information can vary significantly and much of the information on the Internet is unproven. This unverified information hinders rather than facilitates student learning, especially among undergraduate students who depend heavily on Internet resources for their studies. Currently, we do not have…

  9. An Internet-Based Accounting Information Systems Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Louise

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes a student project assignment used in an accounting information systems course. We are now truly immersed in the internet age, and while many required accounting information systems courses and textbooks introduce database design, accounting software development, cloud computing, and internet security, projects involving the…

  10. The Internet's impact on policy evaluation: information compression and credibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozeman, Barry

    2004-04-01

    As with all media, the Internet structures and frames information, rewarding some information search and decision behaviors while punishing others and, thereby, strongly influences evaluation research results and possibilities. Now that the Internet is for many evaluators the information medium of choice, the impacts of the medium on evaluation deserve careful attention. The objective of this article is to lay groundwork for a theory of the impact of the Internet on evaluation and policy analysis. Questions addressed include the following: (a) What is the impact of the Internet on the evaluator's professional role, work norms, and work habits? (b) Does the use of the Internet affect who is an evaluator or the meaning of professional evaluation? and (c) How does evaluation via Internet affect the technical quality and credibility of evaluation? A key thesis is that the Internet compresses information in the sense that it is not always easy to distinguish among information resources and, especially, the authority of the information provider and the nature of the knowledge warrant. On one hand, the Internet's information compression seems to hold potential for the democratization of evaluation. On the other hand, the diminished ability to make quality distinctions about evaluation-relevant information may undercut the legitimacy of evaluation.

  11. Internet Fraud: Information for Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nkotagu, Gabriel Hudson

    2011-01-01

    Internet fraud takes a number of forms with the responsible individuals changing tactics rapidly to avoid detection. The perpetrators rely on telemarketing, emails, as well as presenting themselves personally to unsuspecting people. The evolution of internet marketing as well as ecommerce and the ease of connectivity create increasing…

  12. Chinese older adults' Internet use for health information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Carmen K M; Yeung, Dannii Y; Ho, Henry C Y; Tse, Kin-Po; Lam, Chun-Yiu

    2014-04-01

    Technological advancement benefits Internet users with the convenience of social connection and information search. This study aimed at investigating the predictors of Internet use to search for online health information among Chinese older adults. The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was applied to examine the predictiveness of perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, and attitudes toward Internet use on behavioral intention to search for health information online. Ninety-eight Chinese older adults were recruited from an academic institute for older people and community centers. Frequency of Internet use and physical and psychological health were also assessed. Results showed that perceived ease of use and attitudes significantly predicted behavioral intention of Internet use. The potential influences of traditional Chinese values and beliefs in health were also discussed.

  13. A universal model for the normative evaluation of internet information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spence, Edward H.

    2009-01-01

    Beginning with the initial premise that as the Internet has a global character, the paper will argue that the normative evaluation of digital information on the Internet necessitates an evaluative model that is itself universal and global in character (I agree, therefore, with Gorniak- Kocikowska’s

  14. Extent, accuracy, and credibility of breastfeeding information on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaikh, Ulfat; Scott, Barbara J

    2005-05-01

    Our objective was to test and describe a model for evaluating Websites related to breastfeeding. Forty Websites most likely to be accessed by the public were evaluated for extent, accuracy, credibility, presentation, ease of use, and adherence to ethical and medical Internet publishing standards. Extent and accuracy of Website content were determined by a checklist of critical information. The majority of Websites reviewed provided accurate information and complied with the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes. Approximately half the Websites complied with standards of medical Internet publishing. While much information on breastfeeding on the Internet is accurate, there is wide variability in the extent of information, usability of Websites, and compliance with standards of medical Internet publishing. Results of this study may be helpful to health care professionals as a model for evaluating breastfeeding-related Websites and to highlight considerations when recommending or designing Websites.

  15. The Impact of the Internet on Information Searching and Demand for Traditional Information Resources

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The Internet is an efficient information search tool whose growth may have caused a structural change in information search and acquisition behaviors. This study investigates the effects of growing Internet accessibility on these behaviors. Using U.S. public library circulation counts to quantify changes in the use of information resources, the analysis indicates that greater Internet accessibility contributes to increased demand for traditional information sources. That is, a complementary r...

  16. Customer perceptions on Internet banking information protection

    OpenAIRE

    André Redlinghuis; Chris Rensleigh

    2010-01-01

    Background: South Africa has a well-developed and established banking system which compares favourably with those in many developed countries (e.g. USA), but also sets South Africa apart from many other emerging market countries like Egypt and Brazil. Four dominant banks, namely the Amalgamated Banks of South Africa (ABSA), Standard Bank, Nedcor and First National Bank (FNB) influence the South African banking environment. Internet banking has slowly been taking off in South Africa since 1996...

  17. The Internet as an information source for geriatricians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glowniak, J

    1997-03-01

    Electronic storage of and access to medical data is becoming increasingly common. Advances in computer technology and telecommunications have made it possible to store vast amounts of information in databases and transmit this information rapidly to any place on the globe. At the forefront of this technology is the Internet, a worldwide computer network that links together over 10 million computers in more than 80 countries. The Internet is an unprecedented information resource. There are tens of thousands of computers on the Internet that are freely accessible to the general public. Commercial organisations, academic institutions and government agencies are just some of the entities that can be accessed through the Internet. There are a large number of medical resources at these sites including electronic journals, online databases and search services, teaching materials, and methods for obtaining online continuing medical education credits. The Internet offers a variety of services such as electronic mail, discussion groups and the ability to log on to and run programs on remote computers. The one service, however, that has been responsible for the phenomenal growth of the Internet is the World Wide Web, the primary focus of this article. The World Wide Web allows a user to view documents that contain text, graphics, images, and movie and sound clips. In addition, any of these elements can be linked to other documents or services anywhere on the Internet. This article gives a general overview of the Internet and the medical resources it contains, with an emphasis on material related to geriatrics and aging. The Internet is in a state of continual evolution, and it is likely that dramatic new capabilities will become available in the near future.

  18. Problems in the Information Dissemination of the Internet Routing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO YiXin(赵邑新); YIN Xia(尹霞); WU JianPing(吴建平)

    2003-01-01

    Internet routing is achieved by a set of nodes running distributed algorithms -routing protocols. However, many nodes are resistless to wrong messages or improper operations,unable to detect or correct them. Thus a wrong message or an improper operation can easilysweep almost the whole Internet. Such a fragile Internet routing comes from the features of thesealgorithms and protocols. Besides, the strategies taken by the network equipment manufacturersand administrators also are of important influence. When determining the options or selectionsin the implementation/operation, they always pay more attention to the expense of a single nodeor a single area and make some simplifications in implementations and configurations while caringless about the influence on the whole network. This paper tries to illustrate such a scheme is notreasonable at all and suggests the consideration from the view of the overall optimization. Fromthree typical cases involved in the Internet routing, a general model is abstracted, which makes theresults signiflcative for more Internet related aspects. This paper evaluates the complexity of thetheoretical analysis, then acquires the effect of error information on the whole network through thesimulation on the Internet topology. It is shown that even very little error information can incursevere impact on the Internet. And it will take much more efforts of downstream nodes to makeremedies. This result is intuitively revealed through the comparisons in the charts and the visualpresentations. Then a hierarchical solution to establish the upgrade plan is given, which helps toupgrade the nodes of the network in a most efficient and economical way.

  19. Non-users of Internet in the information society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Viktorovna Zagidullina

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Several surveys of Russian attitudes towards the Internet are examined. An official surveyor shows that the Internet audience is constantly growing in Russia. But surveys of ‘ordinary people’ demonstrate a symptom of Internet ‘hate’: many prefer to escape totally from social media and the Internet space. This audience needs to be investigated in order to answer the question: “are ‘non-users’ just ordinary ‘socio-phobic individuals’ or is their attitude a real trend in society and a new social behavior”. This article is a preliminary investigation that does not provide answers to this question, but aims to open a discussion. The population of provincial Russia is a very special object of exploration with respect to their attitudes toward Internet because of three important factors: 1 recent penetration of the Internet in social practice; 2 strong tradition of collective life, making social media relatively unimportant; 3 special informational needs excluding the Internet as a satisfying means of information.

  20. Internet Information:Freedom or Security? A Big Question

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chih Wang

    2004-01-01

    In the modern democratic society, all people should have freedom of access to, holding, and imparting various formats of information. However, many human fences have limited the freedom of access to information and the free flow of Internet communications. This paper extracts passages from selected international accords and U. S. statutes relating to the people's rights of access to information. It also highlights many U. S. government activities relating to its national security after the September - 11 terrorist attacks and people's reactions with regard to their consequences on the freedom of access to Internet information.

  1. Scoliosis related information on the internet in China: can patients benefit from this information?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongda Bao

    Full Text Available There has been an increasing popularity of searching health related information online in recent years. Despite that considerable amount of scoliosis patients have shown interest in obtaining scoliosis information through Internet, previous studies have demonstrated poor quality of online information. However, this conclusion may vary depending on region and culture. Since China has a restricted Internet access outside of its borders, the aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of scoliosis information available online using recognized scoring systems and to analyze the Internet as a source of health information in China.A survey-based questionnaire was distributed to 280 respondents at outpatient clinics. Information on demographics and Internet use was collected. Binary logistic analysis was performed to identify possible predictors for the use of Internet. In addition, the top 60 scoliosis related websites assessed through 4 search engines were reviewed by a surgeon and the quality of online information was evaluated using DISCERN score and JAMA benchmark.Use of the Internet as a source for scoliosis related information was confirmed in 87.8% of the respondents. College education, Internet access at home and urban residence were identified as potential predictors for Internet use. However, the quality of online scoliosis related information was poor with an average DISCERN score of 27.9±11.7 and may be misleading for scoliosis patients.The study outlines the profile of scoliosis patients who use the Internet as a source of health information. It was shown that 87.8% of the scoliosis patients in outpatient clinics have searched for scoliosis related information on Internet. Urban patients, higher education and Internet access at home were identified as potential predictors for Internet search. However, the overall quality of online scoliosis related information was poor and confusing. Physician based websites seemed to contain more

  2. The internet, teenagers, and sexual health information: a cautionary tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonenstein Freya

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Although most Israeli teenagers have access to the web and many have used the internet to obtain health information, they do not have access to accurate and complete information about contraceptives on Hebrew language websites. Indeed other evidence suggests that teens do not use the web frequently for health information, they are wary of the information obtained from internet sites, and the search engines that they use may not lead them to the most helpful resources. While the internet has the capacity to provide teenagers with information which can assist them in preventing unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, interventions that address these challenges need to be developed and rigorously tested.

  3. 1st International Conference on Internet Computing and Information Communications

    CERN Document Server

    Awasthi, Lalit; Masillamani, M; Sridhar, S

    2014-01-01

    The book presents high quality research papers presented by experts in the International Conference on Internet Computing and Information Communications 2012, organized by ICICIC Global organizing committee (on behalf of The CARD Atlanta, Georgia, CREATE Conferences Inc). The objective of this book is to present the latest work done in the field of Internet computing by researchers and industrial professionals across the globe. A step to reduce the research divide between developed and under developed countries.

  4. Preface: Internet-Based Management Information Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Recent decades have witnessed a paradigm shift in management information systems research from a technology orientation to a combined focus on technology and management. This shift stems from advances in information technology coupled with information technology fusion that brings information technology and businesses together. Information technology fusion is characterized by technology transparency in that information technology is no longer seen as an addition to a product or servicebut an inherent element of the product or service, so it is transparent to the users. Information technology fusion is also characterized by technology pervasiveness in that information technology now deeply penetrates many businesses who now rely on information technology for survival.

  5. Information Pollution, a Mounting Threat: Internet a Major Causality

    OpenAIRE

    Pandita, Ramesh

    2014-01-01

    The present discourse lasts around, information pollution, causes and concerns of information pollution, internet as a major causality and how it affects the decision making ability of an individual. As, information producers in the process to not to lose the readership of their content, and to cater the information requirements of both the electronic and the print readers, reproduce almost the whole of the printed information in digital form as well. Abundant literature is also equally produ...

  6. Relative quality of internet-derived gastrointestinal cancer information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, David S Y; Willicombe, Anita; Reid, Thomas D; Beaton, Ceri; Arnold, David; Ward, James; Davies, I Llion; Lewis, Wyn G

    2012-12-01

    Internet-derived health care information is increasingly accessed by patients, yet its quality and accuracy is variable and unregulated. The aim of this study was to assess the information available regarding common gastrointestinal cancers via three internet search engines (Google, Yahoo and Bing). The top 30 websites for each of the terms: oesophageal, gastric, pancreatic, colon and rectal cancer were evaluated (University of Michigan Consumer Health Website Checklist) and scored [-80 (poor) to 90 (excellent)]. The median score was 53 (-7 to 81) and was significantly higher for oesophageal (61) and pancreatic (65) cancer websites, compared with gastric (49), colon (48) and rectal cancer (50) (p = 0.014). Median scores related to charitable organisations were significantly better than academic, commercial, news agency, care provider, layperson and medical information websites collectively (79 vs. 42, p internet-derived gastrointestinal cancer information remains poor and patients and clinicians should be aware.

  7. Usability Evaluation Methods for Special Interest Internet Information Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva-Maria Schön

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The internet provides a wide range of scientific information for different areas of research, used by the related scientific communities. Often the design or architecture of these web pages does not correspond to the mental model of their users. As a result the wanted information is difficult to find. Methods established by Usability Engineering and User Experience can help to increase the appeal of scientific internet information services by analyzing the users’ requirements. This paper describes a procedure to analyze and optimize scientific internet information services that can be accomplished with relatively low effort. It consists of a combination of methods that already have been successfully applied to practice: Personas, usability inspections, Online Questionnaire, Kano model and Web Analytics.

  8. Internet information triangulation: Design theory and prototype evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnhoven, Fons; Brinkhuis, Michel

    2014-01-01

    Many discussions exist regarding the credibility of information on the Internet. Similar discussions happen on the interpretation of social scientific research data, for which information triangulation has been proposed as a useful method. In this article, we explore a design theory—consisting of a

  9. The Internet and Information Retrieval Research: A Brief Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowdhury, G. G.

    1999-01-01

    A survey of recent publications shows that frequent topics of Internet and information retrieval research are the effectiveness of search engines, information validation and quality, user studies, design of user interfaces, data structures and metadata, classification and vocabulary based aids, and indexing and search agents. The changing balance…

  10. Reliability of information on the Internet : Some distinctions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vedder, A.H.; Wachbroit, R.S.

    2004-01-01

    We identify and clarify some distinctions we believe are useful in establishing the reliability of information on the Internet. We begin by examining some of the salient features of information that go into the determination of reliability. In so doing, we argue that we need to distinguish content a

  11. Evaluation of plastic surgery information on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jejurikar, Sameer S; Rovak, Jason M; Kuzon, William M; Chung, Kevin C; Kotsis, Sandra V; Cederna, Paul S

    2002-11-01

    The Internet allows vast access to medical information. Unlike most plastic surgery literature, the Internet is a quagmire of unfiltered information, not subject to peer review. To assess the accuracy of medical information on the Internet the authors studied one commonly performed elective procedure, classifying and defining the information retrieved. Using the keyword "breast augmentation," the authors compiled a list of the first 300 web sites, obtained from six distinct search engines, yielding 215 unique sites. They devised an instrument to evaluate each site for its accessibility, relevance, and accuracy. Of the 215 unique web sites evaluated, 20 were inaccessible, 24 were irrelevant, and 41 contained no medical information. Of the remaining 130 sites, almost 34% contained false or misleading information. Errors pertained most often to the technical details of the operation, potential benefits, and risks. In addition, exaggerated claims concerning alternative breast enhancement regimens, adverse sequelae of silicone breast implants, and potential effects on lactation were also seen commonly. A considerable amount of information regarding breast augmentation on the Internet was either misleading or inaccurate. Physicians can assist their patients with specific guidelines to allow them to process information discerningly, thereby diminishing the likelihood that medical decisions are based on misinformation.

  12. Method for gathering and summarizing internet information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potok, Thomas E.; Elmore, Mark Thomas; Reed, Joel Wesley; Treadwell, Jim N.; Samatova, Nagiza Faridovna

    2008-01-01

    A computer method of gathering and summarizing large amounts of information comprises collecting information from a plurality of information sources (14, 51) according to respective maps (52) of the information sources (14), converting the collected information from a storage format to XML-language documents (26, 53) and storing the XML-language documents in a storage medium, searching for documents (55) according to a search query (13) having at least one term and identifying the documents (26) found in the search, and displaying the documents as nodes (33) of a tree structure (32) having links (34) and nodes (33) so as to indicate similarity of the documents to each other.

  13. Method for gathering and summarizing internet information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Potok, Thomas E.; Elmore, Mark Thomas; Reed, Joel Wesley; Treadwell, Jim N.; Samatova, Nagiza Faridovna

    2010-04-06

    A computer method of gathering and summarizing large amounts of information comprises collecting information from a plurality of information sources (14, 51) according to respective maps (52) of the information sources (14), converting the collected information from a storage format to XML-language documents (26, 53) and storing the XML-language documents in a storage medium, searching for documents (55) according to a search query (13) having at least one term and identifying the documents (26) found in the search, and displaying the documents as nodes (33) of a tree structure (32) having links (34) and nodes (33) so as to indicate similarity of the documents to each other.

  14. Application of DBNs for concerned internet information detecting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yanfang; Gao, Song

    2017-03-01

    In recent years, deep learning has achieved great success in many fields, ranging from voice recognition and image classification to computer vision. In this study we apply DBNs to concerned internet information in Chinese detecting problem, since there are inherent differences between English and Chinese. Contrastive divergence (CD) is employed in the DBNs to learn a multi-layer generative model from numerous unlabeled data. The features obtained by this model are used to initialize the feed-forward neural network, which can be fine-tuned with backpropagation. Experiment results indicate that, the model and training method we proposed can be used to detect the concerned internet information effectively and accurately.

  15. Evaluation of Internet Information About Rotator Cuff Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Kevin A; Codella, Stephen; Ciccotti, Michael G; Kane, Patrick W; Duncan, Ian C; Cohen, Steven B

    2016-01-01

    The content and quality of Internet websites are not governed or regulated. Therefore, patients who consult the Internet may receive outdated or incorrect medical information. Researchers have analyzed the quality of web information about various orthopedic surgeries, but no such analysis has been performed on websites covering rotator cuff repair. We conducted a study to evaluate and analyze rotator cuff repair information available to the general public through the Internet; to assess changes in the quality of information over time; to determine if sites sponsored by academic institutions offered higher-quality information; and to assess whether the readability of the material varied according to DISCERN scores. Two Internet searches were conducted, in 2011 and 2014. The 3 most commonly used search engines were used to search for rotator cuff repair. The first 50 websites from each search engine were evaluated for authorship and content. The DISCERN instrument was used to analyze the quality of each website's health information. The 2011 search revealed 21% of websites were associated with an academic institution, 38% were authored by a hospital or physician group, and 11.5% were industry-sponsored. The 2014 search revealed a similar distribution of contributors. The highest DISCERN scores were given to academic institution websites (51.6) and public education websites (49). There was no correlation between readability and DISCERN scores. Websites associated with academic institutions produced the highest-quality medical information. Over the past few years, authorship and content have changed little with respect to Internet information about rotator cuff repair.

  16. Safety Information Modeling: Smart Safety Devices & Internet of Everything

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S B Aanandh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The next generation of Internet of things that connects the things, people and the process through which the people and things interact is coined as Internet of Everything. Safety management is constructed as a complex system of systems design coordinating with each other like the Fire Alarm System or Gas Detection System as well as the Emergency response like the Fire Fighters and Para-Medicals like the Ambulatory services. The governments have been setting up national broadband plans and separate dedicated spectrum for Public Safety Communications used for effective information rich emergency management and response. This paper outlines the evolution of the public safety LTE network and its applicability in the safety management system and safety preparedness. It also describes the role of Smart Objects and Internet of Everything in Safety Management. To achieve this, this paper develops the information models for safety management systems to be used in IoE utilizing the broad-band LTE networks.

  17. [Information exchange via internet--possibilities, limits, future].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmiedl, S; Geishauser, M; Klöppel, M; Biemer, E

    1998-01-01

    Today, the exchange of information in the Internet is dominated by the WWW and e-mail. Discussion groups like mailing lists and newsgroups also permit communication in groups. Information retrieval becomes a crucial challenge in using the Internet. In the field of medicine, three more aspects are of special importance: privacy, legal requirements, and the necessity of transferring large amounts of data. For these problems, today's Internet doesn't provide a sufficient solution yet. Future developments will not only improve the existing services, but also lead to fundamental changes in the transfer technologies: Safer data transfer is to be ensured by new encrypting software together with the planned transfer protocol IPv6. Introducing the new transfer mode ATM will lead to better and resource saving transmission. Computer, telephone and TV networks will grow together, resulting in convergence of media.

  18. Culture of Scientific Information in Mass Media on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arwa 'Isa al-Yasiry

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims at evaluating the quality of scientific information culture that introduce it the Arabic mass media in the internet and how it covering the reality of Arabic scientific information by using analysis content method for these websites then we most be know how these websites treating with information culture considering information systems has input, output and mutual relations between the elements of this system that include the following three components: 1- External relations that connecting between the culture and the reality. 2- Internal elements for this system. 3- Infrastructures for this system that represented in the cultural policy, informational , information resources and human resources

  19. Impact of Information Technology and Internet in Businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afërdita Berisha-Shaqiri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In the past few decades there has been a revolution in computing and communications, and all indications are that technological progress and use of information technology will continue. The revolution in information and communication technology has changed not only our lives but also the way how people do business. Using information technology, companies possess the potential to reach more customers, introduce new products and services quickly, and collaborate with suppliers and business partners from all over the world. Transformation from industrial society to information society and industrial economy to knowledge economy is a result of the impact of ICT and Internet use. Main objective of this paper is to describe information technology; opportunities of Internet usage for businesses to achieve strategic advantages compared to their competition and how they can facilitate the movement of goods and services from producers to customers.

  20. Internet Browser for Ice, Weather and Ocean Information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Leif Toudal; Saldo, Roberto

    2005-01-01

    Abstract An Internet based distribution system for ice, weather and ocean information has been set up. The system provides near real time access to a large variety of data about the polar environment in a standard user environment. The system is freely available at: http://www.seaice.dk Specific...

  1. Internet skills : vital assets in an information society

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deursen, van Alexander Johannes Aloisius Maria

    2010-01-01

    Internet Skills, vital assets in an information society starts with a brief history of communication technologies. It appears that in the course of history, these technologies have changed and have put increasing demands on the people that use them. Moreover, the stakes for not being able to keep up

  2. Internet information on xerostomia : what should patients expect?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Delli, K.; Livas, C.; Spijkervet, F. K.; Vissink, A.

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo assess the qualitative standards of the information distributed via the Internet regarding xerostomia. Materials and MethodsA comprehensive electronic search was performed for xerostomia' and dry mouth' separately using four search engines. The first 30 results from each search term-engi

  3. Finding Quality Information on Internet for Educational Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khine, Myint Swe

    2006-01-01

    One of the major shifts in education today under the influence of information and communication technologies is that there is an increased tendency toward the use of computers and Internet. The process of ICT integration in schools reaches a considerable level of maturity and teachers and students are optimizing the learning opportunities with the…

  4. Food Security Information Platform Model Based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Zhang

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available According to the tracking and tracing requirements of food supply chain management and quality and safety, this study built food security information platform using the Internet of things technology, with reference to the EPC standard, the use of RFID technology, adopting the model of SOA, based on SCOR core processes, researches the food security information platform which can set up the whole process from the source to the consumption of the traceability information, provides food information, strengthens the food identity verification, prevents food identification and information of error identification to the consumer and government food safety regulators, provides good practices for food safety traceability.

  5. Quality of information on female sterilisation on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latthe, P M; Latthe, M; Khan, K S

    2000-03-01

    The Internet has a great potential to provide useful as well as useless or misleading information. To assess the quality of information available on-line on female sterilisation, we performed a search of the Internet using seven search engines. We set out to assess the first 10 sites found by each of the most frequently used search engines. Our search revealed 12 relevant Web sites, none of which complied with all of the criteria for quality. Our assessment focused on credibility and content of each Web site. Credibility was assessed by source which was described in nine Web sites, currency in five sites and review process in none. We assessed the content by hierarchy and accuracy of evidence which was fulfilled by five sites and one site respectively. This makes it difficult for a lay person to assess which Web sites provide accurate and useful information and which do not.

  6. The Internet information infrastructure: Terrorist tool or architecture for information defense?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kadner, S.; Turpen, E. [Aquila Technologies Group, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Rees, B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1998-12-01

    The Internet is a culmination of information age technologies and an agent of change. As with any infrastructure, dependency upon the so-called global information infrastructure creates vulnerabilities. Moreover, unlike physical infrastructures, the Internet is a multi-use technology. While information technologies, such as the Internet, can be utilized as a tool of terror, these same technologies can facilitate the implementation of solutions to mitigate the threat. In this vein, this paper analyzes the multifaceted nature of the Internet information infrastructure and argues that policymakers should concentrate on the solutions it provides rather than the vulnerabilities it creates. Minimizing risks and realizing possibilities in the information age will require institutional activities that translate, exploit and convert information technologies into positive solutions. What follows is a discussion of the Internet information infrastructure as it relates to increasing vulnerabilities and positive potential. The following four applications of the Internet will be addressed: as the infrastructure for information competence; as a terrorist tool; as the terrorist`s target; and as an architecture for rapid response.

  7. Quality of information available over internet on laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayaweera Muhandiramge Uthpala Jayaweera

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of information available on the internet to patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: The sources of information were obtained the keyword 'laparoscopic cholecystectomy', from internet searches using Google, Bing, Yahoo!, Ask and AOL search engines with default settings. The first 50 web links were evaluated for their accessibility, usability and reliability using the LIDA tool (validation instrument for healthcare websites by Minervation.The readability of the websites was assessed by using the Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES and the Gunning Fog Index (GFI. Results: Of the 250 links, 90 were new links. Others were repetitions, restricted access sites or inactive links. The websites had an average accessibility score of 52/63 (83.2%; range 40-62, a usability score of 39/54 (73.1%; range 23-49 and a reliability score of 14/27 (51.6%; range 5-24. Average FRES was 41.07 (4.3-86.4 and average GFI was 11.2 (0.6-86.4. Discussion and Conclusion: Today, most people use the internet as a convenient source of information. With regard to health issues, the information available on the internet varies greatly in accessibility, usability and reliability. Websites appearing at the top of the search results page may not be the most appropriate sites for the target audience. Generally, the websites scored low on reliability with low scores on content production and conflict-of-interest declaration. Therefore, previously evaluated references on the World Wide Web should be given to patients and caregivers to prevent them from being exposed to commercially motivated or inaccurate information.

  8. Quality of information available over internet on laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayaweera, Jayaweera Muhandiramge Uthpala; De Zoysa, Merrenna Ishan Malith

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of information available on the internet to patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sources of information were obtained the keyword ‘laparoscopic cholecystectomy’, from internet searches using Google, Bing, Yahoo!, Ask and AOL search engines with default settings. The first 50 web links were evaluated for their accessibility, usability and reliability using the LIDA tool (validation instrument for healthcare websites by Minervation). The readability of the websites was assessed by using the Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES) and the Gunning Fog Index (GFI). RESULTS: Of the 250 links, 90 were new links. Others were repetitions, restricted access sites or inactive links. The websites had an average accessibility score of 52/63 (83.2%; range 40-62), a usability score of 39/54 (73.1%; range 23-49) and a reliability score of 14/27 (51.6%; range 5-24). Average FRES was 41.07 (4.3-86.4) and average GFI was 11.2 (0.6-86.4). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Today, most people use the internet as a convenient source of information. With regard to health issues, the information available on the internet varies greatly in accessibility, usability and reliability. Websites appearing at the top of the search results page may not be the most appropriate sites for the target audience. Generally, the websites scored low on reliability with low scores on content production and conflict-of-interest declaration. Therefore, previously evaluated references on the World Wide Web should be given to patients and caregivers to prevent them from being exposed to commercially motivated or inaccurate information. PMID:27609327

  9. Finding Good Health Information on the Internet | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... MedlinePlus Advantage Finding Good Health Information on the Internet Past Issues / Winter 2015 Table of Contents Millions ... get health information from magazines, TV, or the Internet. Some is reliable and up to date, some ...

  10. 75 FR 32372 - Information Privacy and Innovation in the Internet Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... in the Internet Economy AGENCY: National Telecommunications and Information Administration, U.S... between privacy policy and innovation in the Internet economy.\\1\\ In addition, the Department announced... Public Review of Privacy Policy and Innovation in the Internet Economy, Launches Internet Policy...

  11. Evaluating the quality of internet information for breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nghiem, A Z; Mahmoud, Y; Som, R

    2016-02-01

    The internet is frequently used by patients for researching information regarding breast cancer. This study aims to assess the quality of these websites using validated tools. The term 'breast cancer' was searched for in 3 search engines. The top 20 results were selected, and duplicates and irrelevant websites were excluded. 26/34 websites were analysed using the DISCERN Plus tool, HONcode and the JAMA benchmarks. 46% of the websites were classed as 'excellent' when assessed with the DISCERN tool. The range of DISCERN scores was wide (range: 25-74). Nine websites were found to be HONcode certified. Seven websites complied with all four JAMA benchmarks. This study shows the quality of breast cancer information on the internet is on the whole good; however the range of quality is wide. We recommend healthcare professionals use all 3 tools together to establish which websites are best to advise which websites patients should trust.

  12. Information overload, retrieval strategies and Internet user empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Carlson, Christopher N.

    2003-01-01

    Initial user benefits from search engine technology have been critically degraded over time by the rapid increase of Internet pages. Traditional retrieval strategies therefore yield increasingly poor results due to a dramatic increase in ballast in the results. Search engine users thus increasingly experience information overload. Technical approaches to dealing with this problem have caused an initial euphoria, yet have proven ineffective in solving the problem. Enhancement of user empow...

  13. 78 FR 37783 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Generic Clearance for Internet Nonprobability...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    .... Bureau of the Census Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Generic Clearance for Internet... the Internet at jjessup@doc.gov ). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional...-4827 (or via the Internet at jennifer.hunter.childs@ census.gov ). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:...

  14. Toxoplasmosis and pregnancy: Reliability of internet sources of information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bobić Branko

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Health education of women of childbearing age has been shown to be an acceptable approach to the prevention of toxoplasmosis, the most frequent congenitally transmitted parasitic infection. Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Internet as a source of health education on toxoplasmosis in pregnancy. Methods. A group of 100 pregnant women examined in the National Reference Laboratory for Toxoplasmosis was surveyed by a questionnaire on the source of their information on toxoplasmosis. We also analyzed information offered by websites in the Serbian and Croatian languages through the Google search engine, using “toxoplasmosis” as a keyword. The 23 top websites were evaluated for comprehensiveness and accuracy of information on the impact of toxoplasmosis on the course of pregnancy, diagnosis and prevention. Results. Having knowledge on toxoplasmosis was confirmed by 64 (64.0% examined women, 40.6% (26/64 of whom learned about toxoplasmosis through the Internet, 48.4% from physicians, and 10.9% from friends. Increase in the degree of education was found to be associated with the probability that pregnant women would be informed via the Internet (RR=3.15, 95% CI=1.27-7.82, p=0.013. Analysis of four interactive websites (allowing users to ask questions showed that routes of infection were the most common concern, particularly the risk presented by pet cats and dogs, followed by the diagnosis of infection (who and when should be tested, and how should the results be interpreted. Of 20 sites containing educational articles, only seven were authorized and two listed sources. Evaluation confirmed that information relevant to pregnant women was significantly more accurate than comprehensive, but no site gave both comprehensive and completely accurate information. Only four sites (20% were good sources of information for pregnant women. Conclusion. Internet has proved itself as an important source of information. However

  15. Orthognathic surgery: is patient information on the Internet valid?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldairy, T; Laverick, S; McIntyre, G T

    2012-08-01

    The aims of this study were to evaluate the quality and reliability of UK websites providing information on orthognathic and jaw surgery to patients. An Internet search engine (www.google.com) was used to identify websites containing medical information on 'orthognathic surgery' and 'jaw surgery'. Of over 144,000 links for orthognathic surgery and 700,000 for jaw surgery, the first 100 were examined in detail. After excluding discussion groups, news and video feeds, and removing duplicate sites, only 25 relevant websites remained which were then evaluated using the DISCERN instrument (www.discern.org.uk/discern_instrument.php). Through the 16 questions assessing the reliability and quality of the consumer information which are scored from 1 to 5, a relative index of the quality of the information is produced. The maximum score attainable for an excellent website is 80. Of the 25 websites that were scored, DISCERN indicated the majority of websites fell well below the maximum score. The highest score achieved by one of the websites according to the DISCERN tool was 64 of 80 and the lowest score achieved was 21 of 80. The websites achieving maximum and minimum score were Wikipedia and qualitydentistry.com, respectively. By directing patients to validated websites, clinicians can ensure patients find appropriate information; however, further development of websites relating to orthognathic surgery is required. Internet information should be updated on a regular basis to account for improvements in orthodontic and surgical care.

  16. Designing a Multimedia Information System Using Internet Techology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nkolenta William Scott; R,YU Shou-yi

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents major technical requirements for designing and developing future distributed multimedia information system using Internet technology. The key requirements of this system are to allow users to search, access, and communicate multimedia documents consisting of text, audio, video and image. We emphasize the role of object-oriented technology for information management and real-time communication protocols to guarantee QoS. it presents a reference architecture for Web-based real-time distributed multimedia system which provides several functionalities including real-time distributed multimedia system which provides several functionalities including real-time streaming, multimedia indexing and searching, and distributed object management.

  17. Information system for administrating and distributing color images through internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The information system for administrating and distributing color images through the Internet ensures the consistent replication of color images, their storage - in an on-line data base - and predictable distribution, by means of a digitally distributed flow, based on Windows platform and POD (Print On Demand technology. The consistent replication of color images inde-pendently from the parameters of the processing equipment and from the features of the programs composing the technological flow, is ensured by the standard color management sys-tem defined by ICC (International Color Consortium, which is integrated by the Windows operation system and by the POD technology. The latter minimize the noticeable differences between the colors captured, displayed or printed by various replication equipments and/or edited by various graphical applications. The system integrated web application ensures the uploading of the color images in an on-line database and their administration and distribution among the users via the Internet. For the preservation of the data expressed by the color im-ages during their transfer along a digitally distributed flow, the software application includes an original tool ensuring the accurate replication of colors on computer displays or when printing them by means of various color printers or presses. For development and use, this application employs a hardware platform based on PC support and a competitive software platform, based on: the Windows operation system, the .NET. Development medium and the C# programming language. This information system is beneficial for creators and users of color images, the success of the printed or on-line (Internet publications depending on the sizeable, predictable and accurate replication of colors employed for the visual expression of information in every activity fields of the modern society. The herein introduced information system enables all interested persons to access the

  18. Analysis of Internet Information on Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belayneh, Rebekah; Mesfin, Addisu

    2016-07-01

    Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a surgical technique that is being increasingly used. The authors' objective was to examine information on the Internet pertaining to the LLIF technique. An analysis was conducted of publicly accessible websites pertaining to LLIF. The following search engines were used: Google (www.google.com), Bing (www.bing.com), and Yahoo (www.yahoo.com). DuckDuckGo (www.duckduckgo.com) was an additional search engine used due to its emphasis on generating accurate and consistent results while protecting searchers' privacy and reducing advertisements. The top 35 websites providing information on LLIF from the 4 search engines were identified. A total of 140 websites were evaluated. Each web-site was categorized based on authorship (academic, private, medical industry, insurance company, other) and content of information. Using the search term lateral lumbar interbody fusion, 174,000 Google results, 112,000 Yahoo results, and 112,000 Bing results were obtained. DuckDuckGo does not display the number of results found for a search. From the top 140 websites collected from each website, 78 unique websites were identified. Websites were authored by a private medical group in 46.2% of the cases, an academic medical group in 26.9% of the cases, and the biomedical industry in 5.1% of the cases. Sixty-eight percent of websites reported indications, and 24.4% reported contraindications. Benefits of LLIF were reported by 69.2% of websites. Thirty-six percent of websites reported complications of LLIF. Overall, the quality of information regarding LLIF on the Internet is poor. Spine surgeons and spine societies can assist in improving the quality of the information on the Internet regarding LLIF. [Orthopedics. 2016; 39(4):e701-e707.].

  19. Health information on the Internet and people living with HIV/AIDS: information evaluation and coping styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalichman, Seth C; Cherry, Charsey; Cain, Demetria; Weinhardt, Lance S; Benotsch, Eric; Pope, Howard; Kalichman, Moira

    2006-03-01

    Individuals who seek information on the Internet to cope with chronic illness may be vulnerable to misinformation and unfounded claims. This study examined the association between health-related coping and the evaluation of health information. Men (n = 347) and women (n = 72) who were living with HIV/AIDS and reported currently using the Internet completed measures assessing their Internet use. Health Web sites downloaded from the Internet were also rated for quality of information. HIV-positive adults commonly used the Internet to find health information (66%) and to learn about clinical trials (25%); they also talked to their physicians about information found online (24%). In a multivariate analysis, assigning higher credibility to unfounded Internet information was predicted by lower incomes, less education, and avoidant coping styles. People who cope by avoiding health information may be vulnerable to misinformation and unfounded claims that are commonly encountered on the Internet.

  20. Patients' use of the Internet for pain-related medical information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, Maaike J.; Versteegen, Gerbrig J.; van Wijhe, Marten

    2007-01-01

    Objective: Patients increasingly use the Internet for medical information. For doctor-patient communication it is important to gain insight into the use and impact of medical Internet searches of patients. This study aims to evaluate patients' use of the Internet for information about their pain pro

  1. The Relationship Between Use of the Internet and Traditional Information Sources

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This study examines how the spread of the Internet has affected Japanese people’s information acquisition from traditional media or via traditional information channels. In particular, this study focuses on displacement and complementary effects and on devices for Internet access. Using representative data from Japan (N = 1,179), the results show that Internet use via mobile phone has complementary effects on informati...

  2. Information and Strategic Internet Skills of Secondary Students: A Performance Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Deursen, A. J. A. M.; van Diepen, S.

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the information and strategic Internet skills of Dutch secondary students were measured in a performance test. Participating students were asked to complete assignments on the Internet. The findings reveal that the levels of both information and strategic Internet skills have much room for improvement. Of the variables that…

  3. 75 FR 70714 - Global Free Flow of Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-18

    ... the Internet AGENCY: National Telecommunications and Information Administration, U.S. Department of... Internet Policy Task Force announces that the closing deadline for submission of comments responsive to the September 29, 2010 notice of inquiry on the global free flow of information on the Internet has...

  4. 47 CFR 74.1290 - FM translator and booster station information available on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... available on the Internet. 74.1290 Section 74.1290 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION... translator and booster station information available on the Internet. The Media Bureau's Audio Division provides information on the Internet regarding FM translator and booster stations, rules, and policies...

  5. Information Pollution, a Mounting Threat: Internet a Major Causality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pandita, Ramesh

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The present discourse lasts around, information pollution, causes and concerns of information pollution, internet as a major causality and how it affects the decision making ability of an individual. As, information producers in the process to not to lose the readership of their content, and to cater the information requirements of both the electronic and the print readers, reproduce almost the whole of the printed information in digital form as well. Abundant literature is also equally produced in electronic format only, thereon, sharing this information on hundreds of social networking sites, like, Facebook, Twitter, Blogs, Flicker, Digg, LinkedIn, etc. without attributions to original authors, have created almost a mess of this whole information produced and disseminated. Accordingly, the study discusses about the sources of information pollution, the aspects of unstructured information along with plagiarism. Towards the end of the paper stress has been laid on information literacy, as how it can prove handy in addressing the issue with some measures, which can help in regulating the behaviour of information producers.

  6. Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial from the National Library of Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/webeval/webeval.html Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial from the National Library ... version of the tutorial for use when no Internet connection is available. Read the transcript of the ...

  7. On the use of the Internet to collect earthquake information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul S. Earle

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available As geophysicists, we find it difficult to imagine our daily professional and personal lives without the Internet. Emails have been the mainstay of scientific communication since the 1980’s and websites, since their inception in the 1990’s, have grown to represent the heart of public information dissemination. Now, scientific data flow in real-time around the world through custom protocols, portals, and web services, and the advent of social media services such as Facebook and Twitter offer both a new mechanism to communicate ideas and a potential resource for collecting data. [...]

  8. Using Metadata to Build Geographic Information Sharing Environment on Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-hong Sun

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Internet provides a convenient environment to share geographic information. Web GIS (Geographic Information System even provides users a direct access environment to geographic databases through Internet. However, the complexity of geographic data makes it difficult for users to understand the real content and the limitation of geographic information. In some cases, users may misuse the geographic data and make wrong decisions. Meanwhile, geographic data are distributed across various government agencies, academic institutes, and private organizations, which make it even more difficult for users to fully understand the content of these complex data. To overcome these difficulties, this research uses metadata as a guiding mechanism for users to fully understand the content and the limitation of geographic data. We introduce three metadata standards commonly used for geographic data and metadata authoring tools available in the US. We also review the current development of geographic metadata standard in Taiwan. Two metadata authoring tools are developed in this research, which will enable users to build their own geographic metadata easily.[Article content in Chinese

  9. The Archaeologist Undeceived: Selecting Quality Archaeological Information from the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Sturges

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The amount of unreliable information and actual misinformation available via the Internet makes its use problematic for academic purposes, particularly for data-intensive disciplines such as archaeology. Whilst there are many sources for reviews of websites, few apply the type of criteria most appropriate to archaeology. Information and library professionals have developed sets of criteria that can be adapted for the evaluation of archaeological websites. An evaluative tool for archaeological websites, using al-ready-available criteria, was developed and tested on twenty archaeological web sites. It proved capable of allowing its user to make clear distinctions between sites on the basis of quality. Further refining of the evaluative tool is possible on the basis of testing by both archaeologists and information professionals.

  10. A multilingual assessment of melanoma information quality on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bari, Lilla; Kemeny, Lajos; Bari, Ferenc

    2014-06-01

    This study aims to assess and compare melanoma information quality in Hungarian, Czech, and German languages on the Internet. We used country-specific Google search engines to retrieve the first 25 uniform resource locators (URLs) by searching the word "melanoma" in the given language. Using the automated toolbar of Health On the Net Foundation (HON), we assessed each Web site for HON certification based on the Health On the Net Foundation Code of Conduct (HONcode). Information quality was determined using a 35-point checklist created by Bichakjian et al. (J Clin Oncol 20:134-141, 2002), with the NCCN melanoma guideline as control. After excluding duplicate and link-only pages, a total of 24 Hungarian, 18 Czech, and 21 German melanoma Web sites were evaluated and rated. The amount of HON certified Web sites was the highest among the German Web pages (19%). One of the retrieved Hungarian and none of the Czech Web sites were HON certified. We found the highest number of Web sites containing comprehensive, correct melanoma information in German language, followed by Czech and Hungarian pages. Although the majority of the Web sites lacked data about incidence, risk factors, prevention, treatment, work-up, and follow-up, at least one comprehensive, high-quality Web site was found in each language. Several Web sites contained incorrect information in each language. While a small amount of comprehensive, quality melanoma-related Web sites was found, most of the retrieved Web content lacked basic disease information, such as risk factors, prevention, and treatment. A significant number of Web sites contained malinformation. In case of melanoma, primary and secondary preventions are of especially high importance; therefore, the improvement of disease information quality available on the Internet is necessary.

  11. Infomarker—A New Internet Information Service System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Bin; LU Zengxiang; GAN Quan; FENG Ao; WANG Pu

    2000-01-01

    As the web grows, the massive increase in information is placing severe burdens on information retrieval and sharing. Automated search engines and directories with small editorial staff are unable to keep up with the increasing submission of web sites. To address the problem, this paper presents Infomarkeran Internet information service system based on Open Directory and Zero-Keyword Inquiry. The Open Directory sets up a net-community in which the increasing netcitizens can each organize a small portion of the web and present it to the others. By means of Zero-Keyword Inquiry, user can get the information he is interested in without inputting any keyword that is often required by search engines. In Infomarker, user can record the web address he likes and can put forward an information request based on his web records. The information matching engine checks the information in the Open Directory to find what fits user's needs and adds it to user's web address records. The key to the matching process is layered keyword mapping. Infomarker provides people with a whole new approach to getting information and shows a wide prospect.

  12. Constructing topic models of Internet of Things for information processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xin, Jie; Cui, Zhiming; Zhang, Shukui; He, Tianxu; Li, Chunhua; Huang, Haojing

    2014-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) is regarded as a remarkable development of the modern information technology. There is abundant digital products data on the IoT, linking with multiple types of objects/entities. Those associated entities carry rich information and usually in the form of query records. Therefore, constructing high quality topic hierarchies that can capture the term distribution of each product record enables us to better understand users' search intent and benefits tasks such as taxonomy construction, recommendation systems, and other communications solutions for the future IoT. In this paper, we propose a novel record entity topic model (RETM) for IoT environment that is associated with a set of entities and records and a Gibbs sampling-based algorithm is proposed to learn the model. We conduct extensive experiments on real-world datasets and compare our approach with existing methods to demonstrate the advantage of our approach.

  13. Effects of Internet Connectedness and Information Literacy on Quality of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Louis

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this exploratory research is to examine the inter-linkage among Internet connectedness, information literacy, and quality of life. Results from a telephone survey, based on a probability sample of 756 Internet users, found that Internet connectedness is not related to quality of life. However, there is a significant relationship…

  14. 78 FR 57371 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Student Aid Internet Gateway (SAIG...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-18

    ... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Student Aid Internet Gateway (SAIG) Enrollment... notice will be considered public records. Title of Collection: Student Aid Internet Gateway (SAIG...: Enrollment in the Federal Student Aid (FSA) Student Aid Internet Gateway (SAIG) allows eligible entities...

  15. 75 FR 19942 - Information Privacy and Innovation in the Internet Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ... Privacy and Innovation in the Internet Economy AGENCIES: National Telecommunications and Information... innovation in the Internet economy. DATES: The meeting will be held on May 7, 2010, from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p... nexus between privacy policy and innovation in the Internet economy, which will include the issuance...

  16. Internet-based information system of digital geological data providing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuon, Egor; Soukhanov, Mikhail; Markov, Kirill

    2015-04-01

    One of the Russian Federal аgency of mineral resources problems is to provide the geological information which was delivered during the field operation for the means of federal budget. This information should be present in the current, conditional form. Before, the leading way of presenting geological information were paper geological maps, slices, borehole diagrams reports etc. Technologies of database construction, including distributed databases, technologies of construction of distributed information-analytical systems and Internet-technologies are intensively developing nowadays. Most of geological organizations create their own information systems without any possibility of integration into other systems of the same orientation. In 2012, specialists of VNIIgeosystem together with specialists of VSEGEI started the large project - creating the system of providing digital geological materials with using modern and perspective internet-technologies. The system is based on the web-server and the set of special programs, which allows users to efficiently get rasterized and vectorised geological materials. These materials are: geological maps of scale 1:1M, geological maps of scale 1:200 000 and 1:2 500 000, the fragments of seamless geological 1:1M maps, structural zoning maps inside the seamless fragments, the legends for State geological maps 1:200 000 and 1:1 000 000, full author's set of maps and also current materials for international projects «Atlas of geological maps for Circumpolar Arctic scale 1:5 000 000» and «Atlas of Geologic maps of central Asia and adjacent areas scale 1:2 500 000». The most interesting and functional block of the system - is the block of providing structured and well-formalized geological vector materials, based on Gosgeolkart database (NGKIS), managed by Oracle and the Internet-access is supported by web-subsystem NGKIS, which is currently based on MGS-Framework platform, developed by VNIIgeosystem. One of the leading elements

  17. Current evaluation of the information about Radiological Protection in Internet; Evaluacion actual de la informacion sobre proteccion radiologica en Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruiz-Cruces, R.; Marco, M.; Villanueva, I.

    2003-07-01

    To analyze the current situation about the pedagogic information on radiological protection training which could be found in Internet. More than 756 web-pages have been visited in Internet about Radiological Protection in the nuclear and medical fields, providing information mainly focusing on information to the members of the public. In this search were used internet Searching Appliance (as Copernicus, Google and Scirus), using key words related with this subject (as Radiological Protection and Health Safety), getting the internet address of organizations, societies and investigation groups. Only a low percentage (less than 5 per cent) of these addresses content information on Radiological Protection for the members of the public, including information about the regulator Organizations, and which are the objectives for protection of the members of the public against ionization radiation (from the point of view of the use of the ionization radiation in the medical and nuclear field). This work attempts to propose the use of internet as a tool for informing the members of the public in matter of radiological protection, as first link in the chain of the training and education. (Author)

  18. Information Security Problem on Internet%因特网上的信息安全问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓苗

    2000-01-01

    With the wide use of Internet,the information security problem on Internet becomes more and more serious.The article gives an overall description of the information security problem on Internet,the cause of the problem and some threats to the information security on Internet.

  19. Health Information-Seeking Behavior of Seniors Who Use the Internet : A Survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Medlock, Stephanie; Eslami, Saeid; Askari, Marjan; Arts, Derk L.; Sent, Danielle; de Rooij, Sophia E.; Abu-Hanna, Ameen

    2015-01-01

    Background: The Internet is viewed as an important source for health information and a medium for patient empowerment. However, little is known about how seniors use the Internet in relation to other sources for health information. Objective: The aim was to determine which information resources seni

  20. Exploring Malaysian Trainee Teachers' Adoption of the Internet as Information Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teck-Chai, Lau; Kim-Hong, Yeoh; Ching-Ching, Choong

    2010-01-01

    This study reports the usage of three commercial Internet search engines in information seeking among trainee teachers at a teacher training institute in Malaysia. It attempts to investigate the information seeking behavior of the trainees via three Internet search engines (Google, Yahoo and MSN) as gateways to information for research in academic…

  1. Beoordelen en selecteren van informatie op Internet: twee onderwijsmethodes vergeleken [Evaluating and selecting information on the Internet: two educational methods compared

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Walraven, Amber; Brand-Gruwel, Saskia; Boshuizen, Els

    2009-01-01

    Walraven, A., Brand-Gruwel, S., & Boshuizen, E. (2008). Beoordelen en selecteren van informatie op Internet: twee onderwijsmethodes vergeleken [Evaluating and selecting information on the Internet: two educational methods compared]. OnderwijsInnovatie, 10(1), 17-25.

  2. Internet access and online cancer information seeking among Latino immigrants from safety net clinics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selsky, Claire; Luta, George; Noone, Anne-Michelle; Huerta, Elmer E; Mandelblatt, Jeanne S

    2013-01-01

    Internet use is widespread, but little is known about Internet use for cancer information among Latinos, especially those who rely on safety net clinics. The authors investigated access to and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among low income, immigrant Latinos predominately from Central and South America. A cross-sectional study of 1,273 Latinos 21 years and older attending safety net clinics or health fairs was conducted from June 2007 to November 2008. The authors used logistic regression models to evaluate associations of age, acculturation, psychosocial factors and other covariates with Internet access and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among those with access. Of the sample, 44% reported Internet access. Higher information self-efficacy and greater trust in the Internet were independently associated with Internet access (p = .05 and p cancer help online if they needed information. Those with younger age and higher acculturation, education and self-efficacy had higher odds of intended Internet use for cancer information, considering covariates. In addition, those with high (vs. low) perceived risk of cancer (OR = 1.76; 95% CI [1.14, 2.73]; p = .01) and higher levels of trust in online health information (OR = 1.47 per one-point increase; 95% [CI 1.19, 1.82]; p = .0004) were more likely to intend to seek cancer information online. These findings that Internet access is fairly high in the immigrant Latino population and that the Internet is a trusted source of cancer information suggest that the Internet may be a channel for cancer control interventions.

  3. Ethical problems inherent in psychological research based on internet communication as stored information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øhrstrøm, Peter; Dyhrberg, Johan

    2007-01-01

    This paper deals with certain ethical problems inherent in psychological research based on internet communication as stored information. Section 1 contains an analysis of research on Internet debates. In particular, it takes into account a famous example of deception for psychology research...... purposes. In section 2, the focus is on research on personal data in texts published on the Internet. Section 3 includes an attempt to formulate some ethical principles and guidelines, which should be regarded as fundamental in research on stored information....

  4. Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    微软想要统治Internet,Windows XP就是这个计划中的一个组成部分。微软已经努力争取提供连接Internet的最方便、最完整的方法。新的操作系统含有Internet Explorer 6(IE6)、新的保密功能以及防火墙保护。Windows XP甚至包含有一个Macromedia Flash播放器插件。但是对Sun微系统公司的打击就是

  5. Teleradiology mobile internet system with a new information security solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satoh, Hitoshi; Niki, Noboru; Eguchi, Kenji; Ohmatsu, Hironobu; Kusumoto, Masahiko; Kaneko, Masahiro; Moriyama, Noriyuki

    2014-03-01

    We have developed an external storage system by using secret sharing scheme and tokenization for regional medical cooperation, PHR service and information preservation. The use of mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets will be accelerated for a PHR service, and the confidential medical information is exposed to the risk of damage and intercept. We verified the transfer rate of the sending and receiving of data to and from the external storage system that connected it with PACS by the Internet this time. External storage systems are the data centers that exist in Okinawa, in Osaka, in Sapporo and in Tokyo by using secret sharing scheme. PACS continuously transmitted 382 CT images to the external data centers. Total capacity of the CT images is about 200MB. The total time that had been required to transmit was about 250 seconds. Because the preservation method to use secret sharing scheme is applied, security is strong. But, it also takes the information transfer time of this system too much. Therefore, DICOM data is masked to the header information part because it is made to anonymity in our method. The DICOM data made anonymous is preserved in the data base in the hospital. Header information including individual information is divided into two or more tallies by secret sharing scheme, and preserved at two or more external data centers. The token to relate the DICOM data anonymity made to header information preserved outside is strictly preserved in the token server. The capacity of header information that contains patient's individual information is only about 2% of the entire DICOM data. This total time that had been required to transmit was about 5 seconds. Other, common solutions that can protect computer communication networks from attacks are classified as cryptographic techniques or authentication techniques. Individual number IC card is connected with electronic certification authority of web medical image conference system. Individual number IC

  6. Teaching with technology: automatically receiving information from the internet and web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wink, Diane M

    2010-01-01

    In this bimonthly series, the author examines how nurse educators can use the Internet and Web-based computer technologies such as search, communication, and collaborative writing tools, social networking and social bookmarking sites, virtual worlds, and Web-based teaching and learning programs. This article presents information and tools related to automatically receiving information from the Internet and Web.

  7. Body Mass Index and the Use of the Internet for Health Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faith, Jennifer; Thorburn, Sheryl; Smit, Ellen

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Individuals who experience or anticipate negative interactions from medical providers related to conditions such as obesity may preferentially use the Internet for health information. Our objectives in this study were to (1) examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and Internet health information-seeking and (2) examine…

  8. Rural Health Care Information Access and the Use of the Internet: Opportunity for University Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Biswa R.; Leatherman, John C.; Bressers, Bonnie M.

    2015-01-01

    The Internet has potential for improving health information delivery and strengthening connections between rural populations and local health service providers. An exploratory case study six rural health care markets in Kansas showed that about 70% of adults use the Internet, with substantial use for accessing health information. While there are…

  9. Primary School Children’s Internet Skills: A Report on Performance Tests of Operational, Formal, Information, and Strategic Internet Skills

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deursen, van Alexander J.A.M.; Görzig, Anke; Delzen, van Marianne; Perik, Hanneke T.M.; Stegeman, Anne Grace

    2014-01-01

    The performance levels of fundamental (i.e., operational and formal) and advanced (i.e., information and strategic) Internet skills and their potential predictors were assessed among a sample of Dutch primary school children. The findings suggest that primary school children possess sufficient level

  10. Gastric cancer-related information on the Internet: incomplete, poorly accessible, and overly commercial.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Killeen, Shane

    2011-02-01

    Patients increasingly use the Internet for gastric cancer information. However, the quality of the information is questionable. We evaluated the accuracy, completeness, accessibility, reliability, and readability of gastric cancer websites.

  11. A path analysis of Internet health information seeking behaviors among older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Sun Ju; Im, Eun-Ok

    2014-01-01

    The Internet has emerged as an innovative tool that older adults can use to obtain health-related information. However, the relationships among predictors of Internet health information seeking behaviors (IHISB) in this population are not well understood. To fill this gap, this study examined the direct and indirect pathways of potential predictors of IHISB among older South Korean adults, using the modified Technology Acceptance Model 3. Participants were 300 older South Korean adults who had used the Internet to obtain health information within the past month. Data were collected via a self-report questionnaire and were analyzed through structural equation modeling. Two variables-prior experience and behavioral intention to use-had positive direct effects on IHISB. These findings imply that health care providers promoting IHISB among older adults should consider these individuals' prior experience with the Internet and their willingness to use the Internet as a source of health information.

  12. Use of computers and the Internet for health information by patients with epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escoffery, Cam; Diiorio, Colleen; Yeager, Katherine A; McCarty, Frances; Robinson, Elise; Reisinger, Elizabeth; Henry, Thomas; Koganti, Archana

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe computer and Internet use among an online group and a clinic-based group of people with epilepsy. Greater than 95% of the online group and 60% of the clinic group have access to computers and the Internet. More than 99% of the online group and 57% of the clinic group used the Internet to find health information. A majority of people reported being likely to employ an Internet-based self-management program to control their epilepsy. About 43% reported searching for general information on epilepsy, 30% for medication, 23% for specific types of epilepsy, and 20% for treatment. This study found that people with epilepsy have access to computers and the Internet, desire epilepsy-specific information, and are receptive to online health information on how to manage their epilepsy.

  13. Spanish students' use of the Internet for mental health information and support seeking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montagni, Ilaria; Parizot, Isabelle; Horgan, Aine; Gonzalez-Caballero, Juan-Luis; Almenara-Barrios, José; Lagares-Franco, Carolina; Peralta-Sáez, Juan-Luis; Chauvin, Pierre; Amaddeo, Francesco

    2016-06-01

    The Internet is a growing source of information for health in general, with university student being online almost daily. Evaluating their use of the Internet for mental health information and support can help understanding if online tools and websites should be used for mental health promotion and, to some extent, care. A survey was conducted with more than 600 students of Law, Nursing and Computer Science of the University of Cadiz in Spain to determine their general use of the Internet and their perceptions and trust in using this medium for mental health information. Data were collected using a 25-item-questionnaire and findings indicated that students had a strong distrust in online mental health information, notwithstanding their daily use of the Internet. The frequency and methods of their research on the Internet correlated with their health status, their medical consultations and with certain socio-demographic characteristics.

  14. Health information-seeking behaviour in adolescence: the place of the internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Nicola J; Klein, Jonathan D; Noyce, Peter R; Sesselberg, Tracy S; Cantrill, Judith A

    2005-04-01

    The internet is one of a range of health information sources available to adolescents. It is recognised that young people have difficulties accessing traditional health services; in theory, the internet offers them confidential and convenient access to an unprecedented level of information about a diverse range of subjects. This could redress adolescents' state of relative health 'information poverty', compared to adults. This paper seeks to explore United Kingdom (UK) and United States (US) adolescents' perceptions and experiences of using the internet to find information about health and medicines, in the context of the other health information sources that are available to them. The study involved a series of 26 single-gender focus groups with 157 English-speaking students aged 11-19 years from the UK and the US. Many students reported that the internet was their primary general information source. Information sources were defined during analysis in terms of previous experience of the source, saliency of the available information, and credibility of the source (defined in terms of expertise, trustworthiness and empathy). Most focus group participants had extensive personal experience with the internet and some information providers therein (notably search engines). Internet health information was regarded generally as salient. Its saliency was increased through active searching and personalisation. Perceived credibility of the internet varied because expertise and trustworthiness were sometimes difficult to determine, and empathy could be facilitated through online communities but the individual could control disclosure. The internet combines positive features of traditional lay and professional, personal and impersonal sources. Although it is unlikely to supplant the role of trusted peers and adults, the internet has found an important place among adolescents' repertory of health information sources.

  15. [Determinants of information-seeking about crime and crime prevention: information-seeking on the Internet].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arai, Takashi; Fuji, Kei; Yoshida, Fujio

    2013-06-01

    This study explores determinants of information-seeking about crime and crime prevention on the Internet, including how it was influenced by personal conversations with others. An analysis of a web survey of mothers (N = 1,040) of 3-12 years old children in Japan indicated that many mothers briefly saw basic information about crime on the Internet, while only a few mothers sought further details. Structural equation modeling indicated the following results. Overall, an increased frequency of conversations about children's safety with family and friends made mothers realize their own responsibility for crime prevention. It also encouraged mothers to seek more information about crime prevention by increasing their willingness to cooperate with neighbors. However, when individuals' realization of responsibility for crime prevention strengthened their attitudes toward the responsibility of the police and government for crime problems, then these attitudes decreased mothers' information-seeking. Finally, while a heightened frequency of conversations about news contents directly increased information-seeking about crime, such conversations could indirectly weaken mothers' information-seeking when mothers emphasized the responsibility of the police and government.

  16. 75 FR 80042 - Information Privacy and Innovation in the Internet Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... the Internet Economy AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Commerce; National... in the Internet economy. On April 23, 2010, the Department published a Notice of Inquiry seeking... around the world on the pace of innovation in the information economy. The Department now seeks...

  17. Information-Seeking Behaviour on Internet: A Comparison between Arts and Science Undergraduate Students in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omidian, Faranak; Seifi Maleki, A.M. Masoomeh

    2013-01-01

    The Internet has increasingly influenced the information-seeking behavior of students in higher education over the past few decades. The mass availability of information on the web has seen significant changes in the electronic information needs, information retrieval, and communication patterns (information seeking behavior) of university…

  18. Sexual health information seeking on the Internet: comparisons between White and African American college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogel, Joshua; Fajiram, Sandra; Morgan, Phyllis D

    2010-01-01

    College students are often interested in information about sexual health topics. A study of 149 college students and their use of the Internet for sexual health information was conducted. The study findings indicated that African American college students, as compared to White college students, and women, as compared to men, had greater odds for searching on the Internet for birth control information. Among male college students, a higher internal locus of control was associated with lower odds for looking at birth control information on the Internet. Nurses and healthcare providers working in college settings can use these findings to develop strategies for identifying those who are more likely to reference the Internet to obtain birth control and sexual health information.

  19. Medical connections: use of the internet and traditional sources of health information by rural Alabama households.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Laura M; Dunkelberger, John D; Wheat, John R

    2005-01-01

    Rural household adoption of the PC and Internet for accessing medical and healthcare information was investigated using survey data collected from 305 households randomly selected from non-metropolitan, rural counties across Alabama. The diffusion-adoption model for new technologies was employed to create five adoption stages relevant to this technology and its applications to communication of information in the health field. Descriptive household characteristics of age, education, income, and children revealed differences between adoption stages, with age and education having major impacts. Use of traditional sources of health information and the Internet were compared in relation to age and availability of medical services. Older, less educated households lagged behind in use of the Internet for health information. Medical professionals, doctors and pharmacists, were the most utilized information source by rural households; but those households connected to the Internet used on-line sources, even e-mail to communicate with their doctors.

  20. Use of the Internet for Health Information by the Chronically Ill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todd H. Wagner

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Chronic conditions are among the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. The Internet is a source of health information and advice for individuals with chronic conditions and shows promise for helping individuals manage their conditions and improve their quality of life. Methods We assessed Internet use for health information by people who had one or more of five common chronic conditions. We conducted a national survey of adults aged 21 and older, then analyzed data from 1980 respondents who had Internet access and who reported that they had hypertension, diabetes, cancer, heart problems, and/or depression. Results Adjusted rates for any Internet use for health information ranged from 33.8% (heart problems only to 52.0% (diabetes only. A sizable minority of respondents — particularly individuals with diabetes — reported that the Internet helped them to manage their condition themselves, and 7.9% said information on the Internet led them to seek care from a different doctor. Conclusion Use of the Internet for health information by chronically ill patients is moderate. Self-reported effects on choice of treatment or provider are small but noteworthy.

  1. 75 FR 21226 - Information Privacy and Innovation in the Internet Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... interact, transact, and use information. Beyond the boundaries of electronic commerce, the Internet is... Framework for Global Electronic Commerce, proposing five principles for international discussion to.... Clinton and Vice President Albert Gore, Jr. ``A Framework for Global Electronic Commerce,'' Washington,...

  2. A Novel Navigation Information Management System for Food Maritime Logistics Based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei He

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the construction of a new navigation information management system for food maritime logistics. With the vigorous development of Internet technology, the Internet of things technology has been introduced into the food maritime logistics to enhance the efficiency of food production transportation. However, the navigation information management system for food maritime logistics is still a big challenge and very limited work has been done to address safe and effective navigation information management for food maritime logistics. For this reason, a novel navigation information management system based on Internet of things for food maritime logistics is presented in this study to achieve a variety of network data exchange and integration and build a set of information collection and transmission modules to process and share the information involved with the beacons, hydrology and environment. The navigation information management system could provide important information and decision for food maritime logistics to ensure their safety.

  3. Natural Hazards and Disaster Information on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, John A.

    1997-01-01

    Provides brief descriptions of Internet sites for teachers wishing to access various hazard warnings, satellite images, hazard vulnerability maps, reports, and other data concerning geophysical, hydrologic, and meteorological hazards. Includes suggested classroom strategies and references to past articles in the "Journal of Geography" containing…

  4. Regulation of Information: Does Freedom of Expression Include the Internet?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Jack

    Noting that the Supreme Court in 1997 considered the question of whether the Internet would be regulated by the government as broadcasting or whether it would remain as free as newspapers, this paper examines the difficulty involved in applying old law to new technology. It also notes that while journalism education generally has accepted…

  5. Use of and Satisfaction with Sources of Health Information among Older Internet Users and Nonusers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taha, Jessica; Sharit, Joseph; Czaja, Sara

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: Older adults generally have an increased need for health care information. Whereas some use the Internet to look for this information, others use more traditional sources. This study gathered data from older adults to determine their health information needs, the perceived usefulness of sources of health information, and if there are…

  6. Potential Usage of Faceted Classification in InternetInformation Retrieval”

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Currently, faceted classification goes into the realm of the Internetinformation retrieval” and it is more accepted as a tool outside the realm of the library and information science. Unfortunately, IT people have adopted the faceted classification without a methodologically full understanding of faceted classification. There is not much theoretical discussion about the possibility on the Internet environments based on its library original. In this paper, I will discuss the potential usage ...

  7. An Evaluation of Healthcare Information on the Internet: The Case of Colorectal Cancer Prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Ching Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Health information, provided through the Internet, has recently received attention from consumers and healthcare providers as an efficient method of motivating people to get screened for colorectal cancer (CRC. In this study, the primary purpose was to investigate the extent to which consumers were better educated about CRC screening information because of the information available on the Internet. Another purpose was to identify how better-informed consumers, with reliable and trustworthy health information, were enabled to make sound decisions regarding CRC screening. The data used in this study was taken from the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey. People aged 55 and older were classified based on their compliance with recommended CRC screening. The study applied the PRECEDE-PROCEED model to evaluate the effects of health information taken from the Internet regarding CRC screening. The credibility and reliance of cancer related information on the Internet was significantly associated with patient compliance to be screened for CRC. Experience and knowledge of Internet use had a significant impact on the utilization of CRC screening. This analysis suggests that the design and publishing websites concerning CRC should emphasize credibility and reliance. Websites providing information about CRC must also contain the most current information so that people are able to make educated decisions about CRC screening.

  8. An evaluation of healthcare information on the Internet: the case of colorectal cancer prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chia-Ching; Yamada, Tetsuji; Smith, John

    2014-01-14

    Health information, provided through the Internet, has recently received attention from consumers and healthcare providers as an efficient method of motivating people to get screened for colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, the primary purpose was to investigate the extent to which consumers were better educated about CRC screening information because of the information available on the Internet. Another purpose was to identify how better-informed consumers, with reliable and trustworthy health information, were enabled to make sound decisions regarding CRC screening. The data used in this study was taken from the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey. People aged 55 and older were classified based on their compliance with recommended CRC screening. The study applied the PRECEDE-PROCEED model to evaluate the effects of health information taken from the Internet regarding CRC screening. The credibility and reliance of cancer related information on the Internet was significantly associated with patient compliance to be screened for CRC. Experience and knowledge of Internet use had a significant impact on the utilization of CRC screening. This analysis suggests that the design and publishing websites concerning CRC should emphasize credibility and reliance. Websites providing information about CRC must also contain the most current information so that people are able to make educated decisions about CRC screening.

  9. Internet, Electronic Libraries, and Information Retrieval Internet, Elektronik Kütüphaneler ve Bilgi Erişim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaşar Tonta

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available The number of information systems that are accessible through the Internet is constantly increasing. Information systems on those systems are getting varied and occupy more space, too. Up until a few years ago, only textual information sources were accessible via computer networks, whereas today multimedia information sources containing graphics, sound, pictures, and animation are also accessible over the Internet. Geographic information systems, electronic libraries, film and TV archives can he given as examples of multimedia information sources, We point out that information retrieval should he seen as an integral component of the computer networks, and technological, economic, and legal problems in this field should he solved. We end up with what should he done to improve the library and information services that arc accessible through the Internet in Turkey. Günümüzde Internet aracılığıyla erişilebilen bilgi sistemlerinin sayısı hızla artmaktadır. Bu sistemler üzerindeki bilgi kaynakları da giderek çeşitlenmekte ve daha fazla yer kaplamaktadır. Yakın zamana dek bilgisayar ağları aracılığıyla çoğunlukla metin (text türü bilgilere erişim sağlanabilirken, günümüzde grafik, ses, görüntü, canlandırma ve diğer görsel-işitsel veriler içeren çokluortam (multimedia türü bilgiler de Internet üzerinde hizmete sunulabilmektedir. Coğrafik bilgi sistemleri, elektronik kütüphaneler, film ve TV arşivleri bu tür bilgilere örnek olarak gösterilebilir. Bu makalede Internet aracılığıyla bilgi erişim ve bilgi keşfetmede karşılaşılan sorunlar incelenmekte ve sayıca giderek artan ve çeşitlenen bilgi kaynaklarına erişimi kolaylaştırmak için yapılması gerekenler kısaca özetlenmektedir. Sonuç olarak bilgi erişimin, büyük paralar ve entellektüel çabalar harcanarak kurulan bilgisayar ağlarının bir parçası olarak görülmesi gerektiğine işaret edilerek bu alandaki teknolojik

  10. Usage of Internet Banking Among Different Segments as an Example of Innovation - Trust and Information Needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PHILIP NERME

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The usage of internet has had what can only be descried as an enormous growth in the last decade. This has also resulted in an increased risk in the usage of Internet, in particular for an area as internet banking. This paper examines the confidence among different segments of e-banking users or customers. It explains why results differ. Data were collected with a questionnaire with a sample of 50 fully completed answered. The results show that trust in internet banking usage differs among segments and also that the perceived lack of information tends to differ among segments. Moreover we found that the most valuable segmentation can be divided into three groups, between 18-25, above 66, and the rest. The findings have significance for both security and marketing of internet banking services.

  11. Evaluating Personal Archiving Strategies for Internet-based Information

    CERN Document Server

    Marshall, Catherine C; Nelson, Michael L

    2007-01-01

    Internet-based personal digital belongings present different vulnerabilities than locally stored materials. We use responses to a survey of people who have recovered lost websites, in combination with supplementary interviews, to paint a fuller picture of current curatorial strategies and practices. We examine the types of personal, topical, and commercial websites that respondents have lost and the reasons they have lost this potentially valuable material. We further explore what they have tried to recover and how the loss influences their subsequent practices. We found that curation of personal digital materials in online stores bears some striking similarities to the curation of similar materials stored locally in that study participants continue to archive personal assets by relying on a combination of benign neglect, sporadic backups, and unsystematic file replication. However, we have also identified issues specific to Internet-based material: how risk is spread by distributing the files among multiple ...

  12. Work stress and subsequent risk of internet addiction among information technology engineers in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Sung-Wei; Gau, Susan Shur-Fen; Pikhart, Hynek; Peasey, Anne; Chen, Shih-Tse; Tsai, Ming-Chen

    2014-08-01

    Work stress, as defined by the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) model and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model, has been found to predict risks for depression, anxiety, and substance addictions, but little research is available on work stress and Internet addiction. The aims of this study are to assess whether the DCS and ERI models predict subsequent risks of Internet addiction, and to examine whether these associations might be mediated by depression and anxiety. A longitudinal study was conducted in a sample (N=2,550) of 21-55 year old information technology engineers without Internet addiction. Data collection included questionnaires covering work stress, demographic factors, psychosocial factors, substance addictions, Internet-related factors, depression and anxiety at wave 1, and the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) at wave 2. Ordinal logistic regression was used to assess the associations between work stress and IAT; path analysis was adopted to evaluate potentially mediating roles of depression and anxiety. After 6.2 months of follow-up, 14.0% of subjects became problematic Internet users (IAT 40-69) and 4.1% pathological Internet users (IAT 70-100). Job strain was associated with an increased risk of Internet addiction (odds ratio [OR] of having a higher IAT outcome vs. a lower outcome was 1.53); high work social support reduced the risk of Internet addiction (OR=0.62). High ER ratio (OR=1.61) and high overcommitment (OR=1.68) were associated with increased risks of Internet addiction. Work stress defined by the DCS and ERI models predicted subsequent risks of Internet addiction.

  13. The Internet as a Source of Academic Research Information: Findings of Two Pilot Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kibirige, Harry M.; DePalo, Lisa

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of information available on the Internet focuses on two pilot studies that investigated how academic users perceive search engines and subject-oriented databases as sources of topical information. Highlights include information seeking behavior of academic users; undergraduate users; graduate users; faculty; and implications for…

  14. How College Students Search the Internet for Weight Control and Weight Management Information: An Observational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senkowski, Valerie; Branscum, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Background: Few studies have attempted to examine how young adults search for health information on the Internet, especially information related to weight control and weight management. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine search strategies that college students used for finding information related to weight control and weight…

  15. Information searching habits of Internet users: A case study on the Medical Sciences University of Isfahan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asefeh Asemi

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available This article reports a survey on the search habits of Internet users at the Medical University of Isfahan (MUI, a governmental university in Isfahan city, Iran. Efforts are on to find the search requirements related to the use of the Internet information. Data were collected by using a questionnaire and follow-up interviews with Internet users from five faculties. Results show that all the respondents are using the Internet frequently because all faculties have provided connection to the Internet. It is revealed that the researchers of MUI are getting quality information through the Internet. Fifty-five percent of respondents search for scientific information through the Internet because the university library has provided access to various databases and online journals for all students and staff. They use the Internet in different ways, such as accessing to online journals, downloading software or text, chatting, discussion, E-mail services and for finding related references. It was unveiled that the Internet services are normally used for research. Also it is observed that the Google and Yahoo search engines are more widely used compared to other search engines. The analysis reveals that 54 percent of Internet users always find useful information on the Internet. Thirty-one percent of respondents believed that quality information is available on the Internet and finally, 35% of the studied population use print, online and offline form of information for updating their subject knowledge.

  16. Information ethics and Internet research ethics: An interview with Rafael Capurro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahman Marefat

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of the Internet and new technologies along with their challenges, have caused more attention to new and special aspects of ethics. This is an interview with Rafael Capurro on information ethics and Internet research ethics. This interview is given on the occasion of an invitation from Prof. Jafar Mehrad to visit the Islamic World Science Citation Center (ISC and the Regional Information Center for Science and Technology (RICEST in Shiraz (Iran from September 30 to October 5, 2014, and to give a number of lectures on the information concept and on information ethics.

  17. Breast cancer information on the internet: analysis of accessibility and accuracy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, E M; Corrigan, M A; McHugh, S M; Murphy, D; O'Mullane, J; Hill, A D K; Redmond, H P

    2012-08-01

    Studies show internet sourced information often has poor accuracy. However, it is rapidly becoming a major source of patient information. Our aim was to assess accuracy of breast cancer-related information on the internet. The top five breast cancer-related search terms were identified using the commercial program "Wordtracker". These terms were searched using the search-engine "Google" and the top 100 webpages per topic analysed for applicability and accuracy of information. Overall 500 webpages were analysed. 42% were inapplicable to the question asked. Applicable accuracy rates were variable amongst the five terms: "breast cancer symptoms" 84%, "breast cancer care" 87%, "breast cancer stage" 88%, "breast cancer survival" 91% and "breast cancer signs" 78%. Educational websites were more likely to be accurate(p cancer information on the internet is difficult due to large numbers of inapplicable unregulated websites preferentially returned via search engines.

  18. THE INTERNET AS INFORMATIONAL SOURCE FOR MIS: THE PROCESSES OF CAPTATION AND THE FORMS OF EVALUATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Crescitelli

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the use and the ways of assessment of the internet as a source of information due to the agility that this way has been providing to the Marketing Information System, which also shows to be fragile in terms of reliability of the available information The study consists of an exploratory research, which includes literature review and multiple case studies, and presents as its objective the understanding of how the internet is used in the processes of data source definition and evaluation in a company, from the user’s point of view. The results indicate that the internet is an important source of information, but there is little systematization in the information collection and the sources evaluation is based only on the users’ individual and practical knowledge

  19. Using internet search engines and library catalogs to locate toxicology information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wukovitz, L D

    2001-01-12

    The increasing importance of the Internet demands that toxicologists become aquainted with its resources. To find information, researchers must be able to effectively use Internet search engines, directories, subject-oriented websites, and library catalogs. The article will explain these resources, explore their benefits and weaknesses, and identify skills that help the researcher to improve search results and critically evaluate sources for their relevancy, validity, accuracy, and timeliness.

  20. Physicians' perception of the effects of Internet health information on the doctor-patient relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jeongeun; Kim, Sukwha

    2009-09-01

    The objective of the study was to determine physician's perception of the effects of health information on the internet on doctor-patient relationship. Online questionnaire with 25 items were sent to the Korean physicians' e-mail, and 493 replied. Eight-nine percent of the Korean physicians reported they had experiences of patients discussing the Internet health information. They perceived that Internet health information may enhance the patients' knowledge about their health. However, they perceived that Internet health information may have variety of negative effects such as; heightening the cost of health care by adopting the inappropriate health service utilisation (56.2%); making the patients over-concerned about their health (74.5%); damaging the time efficiency of the visit (60.9%). The physicians deemed that those informations were not relevant to the patients' health condition (42.7%), and even were not correct (39.0%). Physicians' perception of the Internet health information is both positive and negative, and they perceive the overall effects on doctor-patient relationship as neutral. More physicians think the discussion could be the hindrance on the efficient time management during their visits. However, more physicians have positive perception of the effects on the quality of care and patient outcomes which is promising.

  1. Trading and non-trading period Internet information flow and intraday return volatility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Dehua; Zhang, Wei; Xiong, Xiong; Li, Xiao; Zhang, Yongjie

    2016-06-01

    This paper employs the news appeared in Baidu News as the proxy for Internet information flow, separates them into trading period and non-trading period information and provides alternative evidence for the Mixture of Distribution Hypothesis (MDH). The empirical results show that the contemporary information can effectively reduce the volatility persistence; meanwhile, the lead information and the aggregate information also show some explanatory power. Some future directions are pointed out in the concluding remarks.

  2. Information search in health care decision-making: a study of word-of-mouth and internet information users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snipes, Robin L; Ingram, Rhea; Jiang, Pingjun

    2005-01-01

    This paper investigates how individual consumers may differ in their information search behavior in health care decision-making. Results indicate that most consumers still use word-of-mouth as a primary information source for health care decisions. However, usage of the Internet is increasing. The results of this study indicate that consumers who are most likely to use the Internet for health care information are single, younger, and less educated, whereas consumers who are most likely to use word-of-mouth are middle-aged, married, with higher income and higher education. Surprisingly, no significant gender difference was found in information search behavior for health care decision-making. The results also suggest that consumers with the highest tendency to use word-of-mouth are also the lowest users of the Internet in health care decision-making. Implications of these findings are discussed.

  3. Through which medium should science information professionals communicate with the public: television or the internet?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cees M. Koolstra

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Science information professionals need to make choices through which media they want to communicate with the public. In reaching large audiences outside the domain of formal diffusion of knowledge, the choice may be between the old medium television and the new medium Internet. It seems that general scientific research is focused more and more on the Internet as a favorite means for information exchange and that the old mass medium television plays only a minor role. But when we look at (1 how the public spends their leisure time on television and the Internet, (2 how effective these media are in transferring information, and (3 how much these media are trusted as reliable sources of information, the old medium television should still be regarded as the number one medium to be used for science communication, although there are some limitations for its use.

  4. Are internet sites providing evidence-based information for patients suffering with Trigeminal Neuralgia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demetriades, Andreas K; Alg, Varinder Singh; Hardwidge, Carl

    2014-05-01

    Trigeminal neuralgia has a variety of treatments with variable efficacy. Sufferers present to a spectrum of disciplines. While traditional delivery of medical information has been by oral/printed communication, up to 50-80% patients access the internet for information. Confusion, therefore, may arise when seeking treatment for trigeminal neuralgia. We evaluated the quality of information on the internet for trigeminal neuralgia using the DISCERN© instrument. Only 54% websites had clear objectives; 42% delivered on these. A total of 71% provided relevant information on trigeminal neuralgia, 54% being biased/unbalanced; 71% not providing clear sources of information. No website detailed the side-effect profile of treatments; 79% did not inform patients of the consequences/natural history if no treatment was undertaken; it was unclear if patients could anticipate symptoms settling or when treatment would be indicated. Internet information on trigeminal neuralgia is of variable quality; 83% of sites assessed were of low-to-moderate quality, 29% having 'serious shortcomings.' Only two sites scored highly, only one being in the top 10 search results. Websites on trigeminal neuralgia need to appreciate areas highlighted in the DISCERN© instrument, in order to provide balanced, reliable, evidence-based information. To advise patients who may be misguided from such sources, neurosurgeons should be aware of the quality of information on the internet.

  5. On the early detection of threats in the real world based on open-source information on the internet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouma, H.; Rajadell Rojas, O.; Worm, D.T.H.; Versloot, C.A.; Wedemeijer, H.

    2012-01-01

    Many threats in the real world can be related to activities of persons on the internet. Internet surveillance aims to detect threats in an early stage and to assist in finding suspects based on information from the web. However, the amount of data on the internet rapidly increases and it is time con

  6. The Exploration of Elementary School Teachers' Internet Self-Efficacy and Information Commitments: A Study in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ying-Tien; Wang, Li-Jen

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to explore teachers' Internet self-efficacy and information commitments. More importantly, this study also attempted to identify possible factors that affect the teachers' Internet self-efficacy. The participants were 301 elementary school teachers. In this study, the Internet Self-efficacy Survey (ISS) and the Information…

  7. To The Question Of Information Security During Rendering State And Municipal Services Through The Global Information And Telecommunication Network Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander A. Galushkin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present article author analyzes some aspects of providing the state and municipal services by means of the global information and telecommunication network Internet. Author proves the need of ensuring information security and counteraction of cyberespionage, gives own offers.

  8. Internet Use Habits of Students of the Department of Information Management, Hacettepe University, Ankara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ucak, Nazan Ozenc

    2007-01-01

    The frequency and other characteristics of Internet use of students studying at the Department of Information Management at Hacettep University in Ankara, Turkey, are examined. According to the findings, students prefer electronic media to printed media, they find the easy accessibility of the information more important than the other qualities,…

  9. Providing Internet Access to the Ohio Career Information System for All Residents: A Feasibility Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V.

    Expanded Internet access to the Ohio Career Information System (OCIS) would provide adults in Ohio who need to or wish to make career changes with the best available information about occupations, education and training programs, and financial aid. In order to determine the feasibility of improving access without cost to users, an advisory group,…

  10. Internet Information-Seeking and Its Relation to Support for Access to Government Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuillier, David; Piotrowski, Suzanne J.

    2009-01-01

    Public access to government records is essential for democratic self-governance, and attitudes toward that right can facilitate or hinder public policy regarding transparency. As more people use the internet for gathering information about their governments and communities, it is unknown whether such online information-seeking is related to…

  11. Using the internet to understand angler behavior in the information age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Dustin R.; Pracheil, Brenda M.; DeBoer, Jason A.; Wilde, Gene R.; Pope, Kevin L.

    2012-01-01

    Declining participation in recreational angling is of great concern to fishery managers because fishing license sales are an important revenue source for protection of aquatic resources. This decline is frequently attributed, in part, to increased societal reliance on electronics. Internet use by anglers is increasing and fishery managers may use the Internet as a unique means to increase angler participation. We examined Internet search behavior using Google Insights for Search, a free online tool that summarizes Google searches from 2004 to 2011 to determine (1) trends in Internet search volume for general fishing related terms and (2) the relative usefulness of terms related to angler recruitment programs across the United States. Though search volume declined for general fishing terms (e.g., fishing, fishing guide), search volume increased for social media and recruitment terms (e.g., fishing forum, family fishing) over the 7-year period. We encourage coordinators of recruitment programs to capitalize on anglers’ Internet usage by considering Internet search patterns when creating web-based information. Careful selection of terms used in web-based information to match those currently searched by potential anglers may help to direct traffic to state agency websites that support recruitment efforts.

  12. Internet Health Information Seeking and the Patient-Physician Relationship: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Background With online health information becoming increasingly popular among patients, concerns have been raised about the impact of patients’ Internet health information-seeking behavior on their relationship with physicians. Therefore, it is pertinent to understand the influence of online health information on the patient-physician relationship. Objective Our objective was to systematically review existing research on patients’ Internet health information seeking and its influence on the patient-physician relationship. Methods We systematically searched PubMed and key medical informatics, information systems, and communication science journals covering the period of 2000 to 2015. Empirical articles that were in English were included. We analyzed the content covering themes in 2 broad categories: factors affecting patients’ discussion of online findings during consultations and implications for the patient-physician relationship. Results We identified 18 articles that met the inclusion criteria and the quality requirement for the review. The articles revealed barriers, facilitators, and demographic factors that influence patients’ disclosure of online health information during consultations and the different mechanisms patients use to reveal these findings. Our review also showed the mechanisms in which online information could influence patients’ relationship with their physicians. Conclusions Results of this review contribute to the understanding of the patient-physician relationship of Internet-informed patients. Our main findings show that Internet health information seeking can improve the patient-physician relationship depending on whether the patient discusses the information with the physician and on their prior relationship. As patients have better access to health information through the Internet and expect to be more engaged in health decision making, traditional models of the patient-provider relationship and communication strategies must be

  13. Research on the application of the internet of things in reverse logistics information management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuexia Gu

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Combined the current situation with the development trend of reverse logistics, the article focus on the research of Internet of Things application in the reverse logistics information management, starts with the study of reverse logistics information system, and describes the system structure and system process in applying Internet of Things in reverse logistics information management, finally brings forward the constraints like management and economic ones in applying the technology to the system. Research methods: By analyzing the current situation of reverse logistics information system, utilizing literature research methods to put forward characters of reverse logistics information system, and expanding the previous studies on Internet information transmission, we gradually establish the reverse logistics management information system on the basis of the application of Internet of Things. Research Results: Through applying the Internet of Things in the reverse logistics system, we can build a complete close-loop logistics system by linking both extreme ends of positive and negative logistics. Besides, the system will be engaged in data mining in backflow prediction data and re-processing data at regular and irregular intervals. Moreover, advice will be provided to design, purchase, manufacturing and customer service departments for their reference so as to promote respective business. Research Application and Limits: This paper focuses on how the enterprise should apply the Internet of Things technology in reverse logistics, and how to build this system in detail and what the flow planning is made. This thesis is only limited to the analysis of constraints impeding the development of the reverse logistics MIS, including management constraints, economic constraints, hardware technology, data security and rights management constraints. Detailed solutions to address these problems will be put forward in the further research.

  14. EXPLORING MALAYSIAN TRAINEE TEACHERS’ ADOPTION OF THE INTERNET AS INFORMATION TOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lau Teck-Chai

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This study reports the usage of three commercial Internet search engines in information seeking among trainee teachers at a teacher training institute in Malaysia. It attempts to investigate the information seeking behavior of the trainees via three Internet search engines (Google, Yahoo and MSN as gateways to information for research in academic learning using two cohorts of trainee teachers. The study surveyed 166 trainee teachers undergoing a 5-year Bachelor’s Degree program and compares the statistical differences on gender, programs and years of computer technology experiences. The results revealed that there were significant differences between gender for all the three search engines. Furthermore it also indicated that there was a significant difference between TESL and PISMP group for Yahoo and MSN but not for Google. A significant difference was also observed between years of computer technology experiences and the frequency of usage in the case of MSN. Post hoc test revealed a significant difference in the Internet search between those with more than 7 years of experience with those with less than 2 years experience and those between 2-4 years computing experience. The results provide insight into TESL and PPISMP trainee teachers’ use of the Internet search engines as a tool in information seeking when approaching research for their academic learning activities. Implications on the impact of the Internet to the trainee teachers’ academic learning in approaching research needs were discussed.

  15. General practice and the Internet revolution. Use of an Internet social network to communicate information on prevention in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veuillotte, Isabelle; Morel, Gilles; Pitois, Stephane; Haler, Renaud; Mercier, Patricia; Aubry, Catherine; Cannet, Didier

    2015-03-01

    The popularity of social networks and the huge number of exchanges have made them immensely important for the communication of information. This French study explored prevention in hereditary breast cancer using a social Internet network to communicate information. The principal objective was to inform French women aged from 20 to 50 years, using the social network Facebook, about the warning signs of breast cancer in cases of a predisposition to the disease due to a genetic mutation. The secondary objectives were to inform people about screening. An information page entitled "hereditary breast cancer: and if I was concerned?" was distributed in 3 different ways: from friend to friend, via groups of persons, and by targeted advertising. Four articles and 11 messages were distributed over 27 days. The total number of visits for this period amounted to 1019. A total of 81 percent of the Internauts were women and 55 percent of the visitors were aged between 25 and 44 years. Other information campaigns concerning public health issues could be conducted using this tool. A legal framework is necessary to preserve the quality of the medical information provided. This new means of communication, used for prevention purposes, will add to other frequently used methods of communication.

  16. Systematic Review of Quality of Patient Information on Liposuction in the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuk, Grzegorz; Eylert, Gertraud; Raptis, Dimitri Aristotle; Guggenheim, Merlin; Shafighi, Maziar

    2016-01-01

    Background: A large number of patients who are interested in esthetic surgery actively search the Internet, which represents nowadays the first source of information. However, the quality of information available in the Internet on liposuction is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of patient information on liposuction available in the Internet. Methods: The quantitative and qualitative assessment of Web sites was based on a modified Ensuring Quality Information for Patients tool (36 items). Five hundred Web sites were identified by the most popular web search engines. Results: Two hundred forty-five Web sites were assessed after duplicates and irrelevant sources were excluded. Only 72 (29%) Web sites addressed >16 items, and scores tended to be higher for professional societies, portals, patient groups, health departments, and academic centers than for Web sites developed by physicians, respectively. The Ensuring Quality Information for Patients score achieved by Web sites ranged between 8 and 29 of total 36 points, with a median value of 16 points (interquartile range, 14–18). The top 10 Web sites with the highest scores were identified. Conclusions: The quality of patient information on liposuction available in the Internet is poor, and existing Web sites show substantial shortcomings. There is an urgent need for improvement in offering superior quality information on liposuction for patients intending to undergo this procedure. PMID:27482498

  17. Chinese Internet Searches Provide Inaccurate and Misleading Information to Epilepsy Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Ming Liu; Ru-Xiang Xu; Yong-Sheng Hu; Lian-Kun Ren; Hui Qiao; Hu Ding; Zhi-Liang Liu

    2015-01-01

    Background: Most patients with epilepsy want to learn as much as possible about the disease, and many have turned to the internet for information.Patients are likely to use information obtained from the internet to control their epilepsy, but little is known about the accuracy of this information.In this survey, we have assessed the feasibility and usability ofinternet-based interventions for the treatment of epilepsy.Methods: Data were collected from an internet search.Different search terms were used to obtain general information on epilepsy together with information about medication, types of epilepsy, treatment, women's health, and other information.The accuracy of the information was evaluated by a group of experts.Results: A total of 1320 web pages were assessed.The majority were websites related to health.A large number (80.2%) of web pages contained content related to the search term.A significant number of web pages 450/1058 (42.5%) claimed to provide information from a credible source;however, only 206/1058 (19.5%) of the information was accurate and complete;326/1058 (30.8%) was accurate but incomplete;328/1058 (31.0%) was correct but nonstandard, and 198/1058 (18.8%) was inaccurate.The authenticity of the information was not significantly different between the two search engines (x2 =0.009, P =0.924).No significant difference was observed in the information obtained from a specialist or nonspecialist source (x2 =7.538, P =0.057).There was also no correlation between the quality of the information and the priority (x2 =6.880, P =0.076).Conclusions: Searching for information about epilepsy on the internet is convenient, but the information provided is not reliable.Too much information is inaccurate or for advertisement purposes, and it is difficult for patients to find the useful information.Turning to the internet for medical knowledge may be harmful.Physicians should be aware that their patients may search for information on the internet and

  18. Research on Lightweight Information Security System of the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Li

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to improve the security of information transmitted in the internet of things, this study designs an information security system architecture of internet of things based on a lightweight cryptography. In this security system, an authentication protocol, encryption/decryption protocol and signature verification protocol are proposed and implemented. All these security protocol are used to verify the legality of access device and to protect the confidentiality and integrity of transformation data. This study analyzes the security and performance of the system.

  19. Evolution in reference and information services the impact of the Internet

    CERN Document Server

    Katz, Linda S

    2013-01-01

    Explore ways to bring and keep your library's electronic services up to date!From editor Di Su: "Some years ago, if you were told that a library's catalog would be available on a 24/7/365 basis, you'd think it was just another fiction. Perhaps as influential as Johannes Gutenberg's invention of movable type printing, the Internet is one of the most significant happenings in the information world in modern times."In addition to showing you how library services have been influenced and enhanced by the advent of the Internet, Evolution in Reference and Information Services: Th

  20. Assessing the quality, suitability and readability of internet-based health information about warfarin for patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayeed Nasser

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundWarfarin is a high-risk medication where patient information may be critical to help ensure safe and effective treatment. Considering the time constraints of healthcare providers, the internet can be an important supplementary information resource for patients prescribed warfarin. The usefulness of internet-based patient information is often limited by challenges associated with finding valid and reliable health information. Given patients’ increasing access of the internet for information, this study investigated the quality, suitability and readability of patient information about warfarin presented on the internet.MethodPreviously validated tools were used to evaluate the quality, suitability and readability of patient information about warfarin on selected websites.ResultsThe initial search yielded 200 websites, of which 11 fit selection criteria, comprising seven non-commercial and four commercial websites. Regarding quality, most of the non-commercial sites (six out of seven scored at least an ‘adequate’ score. With regard to suitability, 6 of the 11 websites (including two of the four commercial sites attained an ‘adequate’ score. It was determined that information on 7 of the 11 sites (including two commercial sites was written at reading grade levels beyond that considered representative of the adult patient population with poor literacy skills (e.g. school grade 8 or less.ConclusionDespite the overall ‘adequate’ quality and suitability of the internet derived patient information about warfarin, the actual usability of such websites may be limited due to their poor readability grades, particularly in patients with low literacy skills.

  1. Information dynamics shape the networks of Internet-mediated prostitution

    CERN Document Server

    Rocha, Luis E C; Holme, Petter; 10.1073/pnas.0914080107

    2010-01-01

    Like many other social phenomena, prostitution is increasingly coordinated over the Internet. The online behavior affects the offline activity; the reverse is also true. We investigated the reported sexual contacts between 6,624 anonymous escorts and 10,106 sex-buyers extracted from an online community from its beginning and six years on. These sexual encounters were also graded and categorized (in terms of the type of sexual activities performed) by the buyers. From the temporal, bipartite network of posts, we found a full feedback loop in which high grades on previous posts affect the future commercial success of the sex-worker, and vice versa. We also found a peculiar growth pattern in which the turnover of community members and sex workers causes a sublinear preferential attachment. There is, moreover, a strong geographic influence on network structure-the network is geographically clustered but still close to connected, the contacts consistent with the inverse-square law observed in trading patterns. We ...

  2. Effect of Internet Use on Development of Information Literacy: A Panel Study with Japanese Elementary School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahira, Mieko; Ando, Reiko; Sakamoto, Akira

    2008-01-01

    This study focused on whether Internet use improves skills for practical use of information, which is termed information literacy in Japan. Data from Japanese elementary school children (n = 702) were analyzed in a two-wave panel study in order to estimate the causal relationship between Internet use and information literacy. Structural equation…

  3. Information and Emotion in Advertising: A Content Analysis on the Internet in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melby Karina Zuniga Huertas

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The significant increase in the number of users and transactions over the Internet has highlighted the importance of this channel, bringing new opportunities and challenges for advertising. However, the way advertisers use information and emotional appeals in their messages is still a subject little studied. Hence, the objectives of this paper are to: a analyze some general features of Internet advertising; and b explore the information content and emotional appeal of Internet advertising. We conducted an exploratory search through content analysis of a sample of 156 ads on sites using a convenience sample of Brazilian Internet users. The results showed that the advertising on the analyzed sites was for an assortment of products but the products were concentrated in a few categories. The types of informational content most commonly used are "availability" and "components or content" of products. Also the advertisements use only positive emotional appeals, which bring opportunities to create campaigns. This study contributes knowledge about the use of internet in marketing communications and suggests the direction of future research.

  4. The Prevalence of Internet and Social Media Based Medication Information Seeking Behavior in Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahkali, Salwa; Alfurih, Suha; Aldremly, Maha; Alzayyat, Ma'an; Alsurimi, Khaled; Househ, Mowafa

    2016-01-01

    The internet has become an important resource to help people search for online medication information. This study aims to report the prevalence and profile of Saudi online medication seeking behavior. Conducted via a web-based survey with Twitter participants between January-February, 2015, the primary outcome measures were the self-reported rates of using the internet to search for medication related information. A valid sample of 4847 participants was collected over the period of the study. Out of the total participants, 68.3% (n=3311) were found to seek online medication related information frequently. Most of the social media users were female 83.5% (n=2766). The majority of respondents 63.6% (n= 3081) used Google, followed by Twitter 28.7% (n= 1392), Snapchat 21%, (n=1019), WhatsApp 13.8% (n= 670), Instagram 11.4%, (n= 553), and Facebook 5.5 % (n= 267), with few searching YouTube 1.3% (n=65) to access online medication information. Findings indicate that the Saudi population actively uses the internet and social media to obtain medication information. Further studies are needed to explore the influence of the internet and social media on user perception, attitude, and behavior with the use of online medication information.

  5. Information Search Strategies on the Internet: A Critical Component of New Literacies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurie A. Henry

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available The ability to effectively search and locate information on the Internet is an important skill for education and essential for success in the 21st century. The results from a single search task can produce an overwhelming amount of information. Without the new literacy skills and strategies that the process of searching and locating information on the Internet requires, this can quickly become a daunting task. The purpose of this exploratory study was twofold. First, it set out to identify the specific new literacy skills and strategies that are required to successfully access information on the Internet. The second focus was to determine how the participants learned to search for information on the Internet. This qualitative study was conducted in a rural school setting in the northeast with seven middle school level teachers. Collected data consisted of observational field notes and interviews with the participants. Five main themes emerged from the data analysis: literacy skills, other skills and strategies, learning technology, emotional reactions to technology and issues of digital divide. These findings will be useful in aiding researchers and classroom teachers who seek to more accurately define the new literacies required for success in online environments.

  6. Terrorist Use of the Internet and Related Information Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-05-15

    steganography and other information-masking techniques. Dating back at least to ancient Greece, steganography is not a new science. Digital... steganography , however, is relatively new. Its purpose is to hide digital information, sometimes within completely unrelated types of files. It is related...has an online store where donors can purchase literature, clothing, membership materials, audio and video merchandise, and even portraits of the group’s

  7. Failure and Success of Jihadi Information Operations on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    cause, no matter if there is no direct call for violent action. The theory of selective moral disengagement has been elaborated by Albert Bandura ... Alberts , D. S. (et al.). (2001). Understanding information age warfare. Washington, DC: National Defense University, Institute for National Strategic...Studies. Retrieved from: http://www.dodccrp.org/files/Alberts_UIAW.pdf. Alberts , D. S. (2002). Information age transformation: Getting to a 21st

  8. Comprehension of Internet-based numeric cancer information by older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donelle, Lorie; Hoffman-Goetz, Laurie; Gatobu, Sospeter; Arocha, Jose F

    2009-12-01

    Competency in health numeracy is essential in understanding risk about disease susceptibility and the consequences of disease treatment. Both health literacy and skill in using the Internet to obtain health information are lower among older compared with younger adults. Presentation format of health information has been shown to influence comprehension. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of information formatting (text and graphic) on older adults' comprehension of Internet-based numeric cancer risk information. This cross-sectional study involved a convenience sample of adults, aged 50 years and older from diverse ethnic and educational backgrounds. Cancer risk information, obtained from a Canadian Cancer Society web page, was presented as text, graphics or as a combination of text and graphics formats. Comprehension of the information was assessed by six questions focused on basic numeracy skill and ability to perform simple calculations and operations. A three-item general context numeracy and an eight-item health context numeracy instrument were used to describe health numeracy skills of participants. The six-item Newest Vital Sign (NVS) test was used to assess prose and numeric health literacy. There was no statistically significant effect of presentation format on participants' comprehension of the cancer information. Participants' comprehension of basic health numeracy information was positively correlated with education (p skill was positively correlated only with income (p skill and income explained a significant proportion of the variance in overall comprehension of Internet-based cancer risk information (R(2) = 0.414, p skill and income.

  9. Self-epistemic authority and nurses' reactions to medical information that is retrieved from Internet sites of different credibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnoy, Sivia; Volfin-Pruss, Diana; Ehrenfeld, Malka; Kushnir, Talma

    2011-09-01

    This cross-sectional study investigated nurses' reactions to Internet medical information that was retrieved from sources of different scientific credibility and the association between self-epistemic authority and these reactions. The participants filled in questionnaires on their reactions to Internet medical information and self-epistemic authority. The nurses' reactions to Internet medical information from a highly credible source (Medline) correlated positively with self-epistemic authority. However, no such correlation was found with Internet medical information from a less credible Internet source (Ynet). Compared with the nurses without an academic degree, the nurses with an academic degree had more positive reactions to the information that was retrieved from Medline. The reactions to the medical information that was retrieved from Ynet did not differ by the education of the nurses. This study shows that nurses' reactions to different sources of Internet information vary according to their level of self-epistemic authority and education. As patients' use of Internet medical information is increasing, nurses need to expand their expertise in the various professional and popular medical information sites. Such skills will help to reduce any negative feeling that might arise when they encounter patients who present medical information from the Internet.

  10. The Internet, Political Communications Research and the Search for a New Information Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, William Franklin

    2013-01-01

    The Internet, as a digital record of human discourse, provides an opportunity to directly analyze political communicative behavior. The rapid emergence of social online networks augurs a transformation in the quality and quantity of information people have to evaluate their political system. Digital formats instantiate new categories of actors and…

  11. An Examination of Job Skills Posted on Internet Databases: Implications for Information Systems Degree Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xia; Liu, Lai C.; Koong, Kai S.; Lu, June

    2003-01-01

    Analysis of 300 information technology job postings in two Internet databases identified the following skill categories: programming languages (Java, C/C++, and Visual Basic were most frequent); website development (57% sought SQL and HTML skills); databases (nearly 50% required Oracle); networks (only Windows NT or wide-area/local-area networks);…

  12. Children searching information on the Internet: Performance on children's interfaces compared to Google

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jochmann-Mannak, Hanna; Huibers, Theo; Lentz, Leo; Sanders, Ted; Serdyukov, Pavel; Hiemstra, Djoerd; Ruthven, Ian

    2010-01-01

    Children frequently make use of the Internet to search for information. However, research shows that children experience many problems with searching and browsing the web. The last decade numerous search environments have been developed, especially for children. Do these search interfaces support ch

  13. Social internet sites as a source of public health information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vance, Karl; Howe, William; Dellavalle, Robert P

    2009-04-01

    Social media websites, such as YouTube, Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, and Second Life are rapidly emerging as popular sources of health information especially for teens and young adults. Social media marketing carries the advantages of low cost, rapid transmission through a wide community, and user interaction. Disadvantages include blind authorship, lack of source citation, and presentation of opinion as fact. Dermatologists and other health care providers should recognize the importance of social media websites and their potential usefulness for disseminating health information.

  14. Rare Diseases on the Internet: An Assessment of the Quality of Online Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litzkendorf, Svenja; Göbel, Jens; Storf, Holger; Zeidler, Jan; Graf von der Schulenburg, Johann-Matthias

    2017-01-01

    Background The importance of the Internet as a medium for publishing and sharing health and medical information has increased considerably during the last decade. Nonetheless, comprehensive knowledge and information are scarce and difficult to find, especially for rare diseases. Additionally, the quality of health or medical information about rare diseases is frequently difficult to assess for the patients and their family members. Objective The aim of this study is to assess the quality of information on the Internet about rare diseases. Additionally, the study aims to evaluate if the quality of information on rare diseases varies between different information supplier categories. Methods A total of 13 quality criteria for websites providing medical information about rare diseases were transferred to a self-disclosure questionnaire. Identified providers of information on the Internet about rare diseases were invited to fill out the questionnaire. The questionnaire contained questions about the information provider in general (eg, supplier category, information category, language, use of quality certificates, and target group) and about quality aspects that reflect the 13 quality criteria. Differences in subgroup analyses were performed using t tests. Results We identified 693 websites containing information about rare diseases. A total of 123 questionnaires (17.7%) were completely filled out by the information suppliers. For the remaining identified suppliers (570/693, 82.3%), the questionnaires were filled out by the authors based on the information available on their website. In many cases, the quality of websites was proportionally low. Furthermore, subgroup analysis showed no statistically significant differences between the quality of information provided by support group/patient organization compared to medical institution (P=.19). The quality of information by individuals (patient/relative) was significantly lower compared to information provided by support

  15. Information is in the eye of the beholder: Seeking information on the MMR vaccine through an Internet search engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yom-Tov, Elad; Fernandez-Luque, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Vaccination campaigns are one of the most important and successful public health programs ever undertaken. People who want to learn about vaccines in order to make an informed decision on whether to vaccinate are faced with a wealth of information on the Internet, both for and against vaccinations. In this paper we develop an automated way to score Internet search queries and web pages as to the likelihood that a person making these queries or reading those pages would decide to vaccinate. We apply this method to data from a major Internet search engine, while people seek information about the Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccine. We show that our method is accurate, and use it to learn about the information acquisition process of people. Our results show that people who are pro-vaccination as well as people who are anti-vaccination seek similar information, but browsing this information has differing effect on their future browsing. These findings demonstrate the need for health authorities to tailor their information according to the current stance of users.

  16. The Role of the Adult Educator in Helping Learners Access and Select Quality Health Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Melissa; Grabowsky, Adelia

    2011-01-01

    In 2002, 45 percent of American adults had used the Internet to search for health information. However, according to a 2009 report, the number had increased to 71 percent of adults ages thirty to forty-nine and 46 percent of those 50 and older who had sought health information online. While the number of adults using the Internet to search for…

  17. On problems of safe information impact of Internet on students

    OpenAIRE

    Shadiev Rizamat Davranovich; Yozieva Umida Lutfillaevna

    2015-01-01

    Formation of a new type of social system -information society has increased the role of knowledge, gradually transforming it into main capital, and consequently, changed the role of education in structuring social life, providing fundamentally new possibilities for individualization which enables to take into account the peculiarities of self-consciousness and self-assessment of each student, his/her psychological, physical and mental abilities. In the article special attention is paid to the...

  18. Intelligent Traffic Information System Based on Integration of Internet of Things and Agent Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Omar Al-Sakran

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In recent years popularity of private cars is getting urban traffic more and more crowded. As result traffic is becoming one of important problems in big cities in all over the world. Some of the traffic concerns are congestions and accidents which have caused a huge waste of time, property damage and environmental pollution. This research paper presents a novel intelligent traffic administration system, based on Internet of Things, which is featured by low cost, high scalability, high compatibility, easy to upgrade, to replace traditional traffic management system and the proposed system can improve road traffic tremendously. The Internet of Things is based on the Internet, network wireless sensing and detection technologies to realize the intelligent recognition on the tagged traffic object, tracking, monitoring, managing and processed automatically. The paper proposes an architecture that integrates internet of things with agent technology into a single platform where the agent technology handles effective communication and interfaces among a large number of heterogeneous highly distributed, and decentralized devices within the IoT. The architecture introduces the use of an active radio-frequency identification (RFID, wireless sensor technologies, object ad-hoc networking, and Internet-based information systems in which tagged traffic objects can be automatically represented, tracked, and queried over a network. This research presents an overview of a framework distributed traffic simulation model within NetLogo, an agent-based environment, for IoT traffic monitoring system using mobile agent technology.

  19. Investigation of the Impact of Extracting and Exchanging Health Information by Using Internet and Social Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pistolis, John; Zimeras, Stelios; Chardalias, Kostas; Roupa, Zoe; Fildisis, George; Diomidous, Marianna

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Social networks (1) have been embedded in our daily life for a long time. They constitute a powerful tool used nowadays for both searching and exchanging information on different issues by using Internet searching engines (Google, Bing, etc.) and Social Networks (Facebook, Twitter etc.). In this paper, are presented the results of a research based on the frequency and the type of the usage of the Internet and the Social Networks by the general public and the health professionals. Objectives: The objectives of the research were focused on the investigation of the frequency of seeking and meticulously searching for health information in the social media by both individuals and health practitioners. The exchanging of information is a procedure that involves the issues of reliability and quality of information. Methods: In this research, by using advanced statistical techniques an effort is made to investigate the participant’s profile in using social networks for searching and exchanging information on health issues. Results: Based on the answers 93 % of the people, use the Internet to find information on health-subjects. Considering principal component analysis, the most important health subjects were nutrition (0.719 %), respiratory issues (0.79 %), cardiological issues (0.777%), psychological issues (0.667%) and total (73.8%). Conclusions: The research results, based on different statistical techniques revealed that the 61.2% of the males and 56.4% of the females intended to use the social networks for searching medical information. Based on the principal components analysis, the most important sources that the participants mentioned, were the use of the Internet and social networks for exchanging information on health issues. These sources proved to be of paramount importance to the participants of the study. The same holds for nursing, medical and administrative staff in hospitals. PMID:27482135

  20. Quality of information for women seeking breast augmentation in the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palma, Adrian Fernando; Zuk, Grzegorz; Raptis, Dimitri Aristotle; Franck, Sophia; Eylert, Gertraud; Frueh, Florian Samuel; Guggenheim, Merlin; Shafighi, Maziar

    2016-10-01

    Background Recently published data show that many women interested in breast augmentation (BA) actively search the Internet for information. The Internet is currently the main source of information on this topic. Objectives Little is known about the quality of available information on the Internet concerning BA. The goal was to evaluate this in a systematic manner using a validated and reproducible tool. Methods Women (n = 96) unrelated to medicine were asked which keywords they would use to search the Internet if they were interested in BA. Five keywords were used. Qualitative and quantitative assessment was performed with the modified Ensuring Quality Information for Patients (EQIP) tool. A total of 2500 websites containing information on BA were identified using Google, Bing, Yahoo, Ask, and AOL. Results Out of 623 eligible websites, only 153 (25%) addressed more than 20 EQIP items. Scores were higher for encyclopaedias and academic websites compared to hospital and practitioner websites. The median EQIP score was only 15 (IQR = 12-20), and quantitative postoperative morbidity and mortality risk estimates were available in only 38% and 25% of the websites, respectively. Major complications (e.g. capsular contraction, implant safety) were mentioned in only 156 (25%) of the websites. Conclusions This is the first assessment of online patient information on BA using the EQIP tool. This analysis demonstrated several shortcomings in the quality of information provided to BA candidates. There is an immediate need for better informative and educational websites regarding BA procedures that are compatible with international quality standards for plastic surgery.

  1. PV-WEB: internet-based PV information tool

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cowley, P.

    2003-07-01

    This report gives details of a project to create a web-based information system on photovoltaic (PV) systems for the British PV Association (PV-UK) for use by decision makers in government, the utilities, and the housing and construction sectors. The project, which aims to provide an easily accessible tool for UK companies, promote PV technology, increase competitiveness, and identify market opportunities, is described. The design of the web site and its implementation and the evolution are discussed, along with the maintenance of the site by PV-UK and the opportunities offered to PV-UK Members.

  2. Where Do U.S. Adults Who Do Not Use the Internet Get Health Information? Examining Digital Health Information Disparities From 2008 to 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massey, Philip M

    2016-01-01

    With more people turning to the Internet for health information, a few questions remain: Which populations represent the remaining few who have never used the Internet, and where do they go for health information? The purpose of this study is to describe population characteristics and sources of health information among U.S. adults who do not use the Internet. Data from 3 iterations of the Health Information National Trends Survey (n = 1,722) are used to examine trends in health information sources. Weighted predicted probabilities demonstrate changes in information source over time. Older adults, minority populations, and individuals with low educational attainment represent a growing percentage of respondents who have looked for health information but have never used the Internet, highlighting trends in digital information disparities. However, 1 in 10 respondents who have never used the Internet also indicate that the Internet was their first source of health information, presumably through surrogates. Findings highlight digital disparities in information seeking and the complex nature of online information seeking. Future research should examine how individuals conceptualize information sources, measure skills related to evaluating information and sources, and investigate the social nature of information seeking. Health care organizations and public health agencies can leverage the multifaceted nature of information seeking to better develop information resources to increase information access by vulnerable populations.

  3. Market interdependence among commodity prices based on information transmission on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Qiang; Guo, Jian-Feng

    2015-05-01

    Human behaviour on the Internet has become a synchro-projection of real society. In this paper, we introduce the public concern derived from query volumes on the Web to empirically analyse the influence of information on commodity markets (e.g., crude oil, heating oil, corn and gold) using multivariate GARCH models based on dynamic conditional correlations. The analysis found that the changes of public concern on the Internet can well depict the changes of market prices, as the former has significant Granger causality effects on market prices. The findings indicate that the information of external shocks to commodity markets could be transmitted quickly, and commodity markets easily absorb the public concern of the information-sensitive traders. Finally, the conditional correlation among commodity prices varies dramatically over time.

  4. [Impact of the Internet on communication flow of scientific health information].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Regina C Figueiredo

    2006-08-01

    Communication flow of scientific information has been restructured with the development of new technologies and the Internet and their impact on social relations worldwide. The production of scientific knowledge has also been influenced by these cultural, social and economic changes and has contributed to new patterns of scientific communication. The objective of the study was to present the traditional scientific communication model and its evolution to electronic scientific communication stimulated by the use of electronic media and Internet and networking. While the traditional model is based on printed publications, the new one focuses on electronic publishing and open unlimited access to published literature. The challenges faced are in using all the potential of electronic media for improving traditional communication flow of scientific information and defining policies to support the new model of scientific communication to ensure quality, preservation and dissemination of information as a common good.

  5. Primary health-care nurses and Internet health information-seeking: Access, barriers and quality checks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmour, Jean; Strong, Alison; Chan, Helen; Hanna, Sue; Huntington, Annette

    2016-02-01

    Online information is a critical resource for evidence-based practice and patient education. This study aimed to establish New Zealand nurses' access and evaluation of online health information in the primary care context using a postal questionnaire survey; there were 630 respondents from a random sample of 931 nurses. The majority of respondents were satisfied with work access to online information (84.5%, n = 501) and searched for online information at least several times a week (57.5%, n = 343). The major barrier to online information seeking was insufficient time, but 68 respondents had no work online information access. The level of nursing qualification was significantly correlated with computer confidence and information quality checking. A range of information evaluation approaches was used. Most nurses in study accessed and evaluated Internet information in contrast to the findings of earlier studies, but there were barriers preventing universal integration into practice.

  6. The quality of information on three common ENT procedures on the Internet.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: The Internet hosts a large number of high-quality medical resources and poses seemingly endless opportunities to inform, teach, and connect professionals and patients alike. However, it is difficult for the lay person to distinguish accurate from inaccurate information. AIM: This study was undertaken in an attempt to assess the quality of information on otolaryngology available on the Internet. METHODS: Sixty appropriate websites, using search engines Yahoo and Google, were evaluated for completeness and accuracy using three commonly performed ENT operations: tonsillectomy (T), septoplasty (S), and myringoplasty (M). RESULTS: A total of 60 websites were evaluated (NT = 20, NM = 20, NS = 20). A total of 86.7% targeted lay population and 13.3% targeted the medical professionals. 35% of the sites included all critical information that patients should know prior to undergoing surgery and over 94% of these were found to contain no inaccuracies. Negative bias towards medical profession was detected in 3% of websites. CONCLUSIONS: In the current climate, with informed consent being of profound importance, the Internet represents a useful tool for both patients and surgeons.

  7. Breast cancer information on the internet: analysis of accessibility and accuracy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Quinn, E M

    2012-02-18

    Studies show internet sourced information often has poor accuracy. However, it is rapidly becoming a major source of patient information. Our aim was to assess accuracy of breast cancer-related information on the internet. The top five breast cancer-related search terms were identified using the commercial program "Wordtracker". These terms were searched using the search-engine "Google" and the top 100 webpages per topic analysed for applicability and accuracy of information. Overall 500 webpages were analysed. 42% were inapplicable to the question asked. Applicable accuracy rates were variable amongst the five terms: "breast cancer symptoms" 84%, "breast cancer care" 87%, "breast cancer stage" 88%, "breast cancer survival" 91% and "breast cancer signs" 78%. Educational websites were more likely to be accurate(p < 0.001) and interest group administered websites less likely to be accurate(p = 0.018) than other websites. Finding accurate breast cancer information on the internet is difficult due to large numbers of inapplicable unregulated websites preferentially returned via search engines.

  8. Polish employees on the Internet as a source of information about health and disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elżbieta Korzeniowska

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: This paper presents the opinions of Polish employees on how they think of and use the Internet in the context of health, including occupational health. The outcomes show the usefulness of this medium in the ongoing activities regarding health education and promotion in this target group. Material and Methods: The analysis focuses on the empirical data from the first representative research on the working population in Poland, conducted in 2012 among 1012 respondents, using the structured interview method. Results: Employees believe that the Internet plays a positive role in helping employees stay healthy. They appreciate its importance as a tool to support people with similar health problems and the alternative source of information on health issues. Workers are mostly unhappy with information overload about health and difficulty in identifying the reliable ones. Significant number of employees expect the websites expert control and even perpetrators' punishment. Around half of the workers look for the needed information on the Internet and the same number get acquainted with it, if they come across it by chance. The study shows that there was a small employees' interest regarding data on occupational health hazards, how to counteract them and legal regulations on health at work. If it was a case though, they used the web. Employees expect greater use of the Internet in their workplaces regarding occupational health issues than ever before. Conclusions: It was found that there are necessary foundations to treat the Internet as an influencing tool in health education and promotion campaigns aimed at employees. Med Pr 2014;65(1:1–13

  9. Patterns of information-seeking for cancer on the internet: an analysis of real world data.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yishai Ofran

    Full Text Available Although traditionally the primary information sources for cancer patients have been the treating medical team, patients and their relatives increasingly turn to the Internet, though this source may be misleading and confusing. We assess Internet searching patterns to understand the information needs of cancer patients and their acquaintances, as well as to discern their underlying psychological states. We screened 232,681 anonymous users who initiated cancer-specific queries on the Yahoo Web search engine over three months, and selected for study users with high levels of interest in this topic. Searches were partitioned by expected survival for the disease being searched. We compared the search patterns of anonymous users and their contacts. Users seeking information on aggressive malignancies exhibited shorter search periods, focusing on disease- and treatment-related information. Users seeking knowledge regarding more indolent tumors searched for longer periods, alternated between different subjects, and demonstrated a high interest in topics such as support groups. Acquaintances searched for longer periods than the proband user when seeking information on aggressive (compared to indolent cancers. Information needs can be modeled as transitioning between five discrete states, each with a unique signature representing the type of information of interest to the user. Thus, early phases of information-seeking for cancer follow a specific dynamic pattern. Areas of interest are disease dependent and vary between probands and their contacts. These patterns can be used by physicians and medical Web site authors to tailor information to the needs of patients and family members.

  10. Organ procurement organizations Internet enrollment for organ donation: Abandoning informed consent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verheijde Joseph L

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Requirements for organ donation after cardiac or imminent death have been introduced to address the transplantable organs shortage in the United States. Organ procurement organizations (OPOs increasingly use the Internet for organ donation consent. Methods An analysis of OPO Web sites available to the public for enrollment and consent for organ donation. The Web sites and consent forms were examined for the minimal information recommended by the United States Department of Health and Human Services for informed consent. Content scores were calculated as percentages of data elements in four information categories: donor knowledge, donor consent reinforcement, donation promotion, and informed consent. Results There were 60 Web sites for organ donation enrollment serving the 52 states. The median percent (10 percentile-90 percentile content scores of the Web sites for donor knowledge, donor consent reinforcement, and donation promotion were 33% (20–47, 79% (57–86, and 75% (50–100, respectively. The informed consent score was 0% (0–33. The content scores for donor knowledge and informed consent were significantly lower than donor consent reinforcement and donation promotion for all Web sites (P Conclusion The Web sites and consent forms for public enrollment in organ donation do not fulfill the necessary requirements for informed consent. The Web sites predominantly provide positive reinforcement and promotional information rather than the transparent disclosure of organ donation process. Independent regulatory oversight is essential to ensure that Internet enrollment for organ donation complies with legal and ethical standards for informed consent.

  11. Physicians' communicative strategies in interacting with Internet-informed patients: results from a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caiata-Zufferey, Maria; Schulz, Peter J

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the strategies used by physicians to interact with Internet-informed patients, alongside illustrating the motives underlying such strategies. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a sample of 17 physicians from primary care and medical specialist practices in the Italian part of Switzerland. The sample was diversified in terms of specialty, age, and gender. Data collection and analysis were driven by grounded theory and supported by a computer-assisted qualitative analysis program. A typology of four communicative strategies has been outlined. The adoption of these strategies is shaped by physicians' general attitude toward Internet-informed patients, based on their conception of medical information for lay people through the Internet. However, this general attitude is mediated by doctors' interpretation of the specific communicative context, that is, their appraisal of three aspects: the patient's health literacy, the relevance of the online information to be discussed, and their own communicative efficacy. At the end, the process of interpretation underlying the strategies is discussed to expand on it and to identify implications for practice and research.

  12. Qualitative and Quantitative Data on the Use of the Internet for Archaeological Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorna-Jane Richardson

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available These survey results are from an online survey of 577 UK-based archaeological volunteers, professional archaeologists and archaeological organisations. These data cover a variety of topics related to how and why people access the Internet for information about archaeology, including demographic information, activity relating to accessing information on archaeological topics, archaeological sharing and networking and the use of mobile phone apps and QR codes for public engagement. There is wide scope for further qualitative and quantitative analysis of these data.

  13. Cyber-Insurance in Internet Security: A Dig into the Information Asymmetry Problem

    CERN Document Server

    Pal, Ranjan

    2012-01-01

    Internet users such as individuals and organizations are subject to different types of epidemic risks such as worms, viruses, spams, and botnets. To reduce the probability of risk, an Internet user generally invests in traditional security mechanisms like anti-virus and anti-spam software, sometimes also known as \\emph{self-defense} mechanisms. However, according to security experts, such software (and their subsequent advancements) will not completely eliminate risk. Recent research efforts have considered the problem of residual risk elimination by proposing the idea of \\emph{cyber-insurance}. In this regard, an important research problem is resolving information asymmetry issues associated with cyber-insurance contracts. In this paper we propose \\emph{three} mechanisms to resolve information asymmetry in cyber-insurance. Our mechanisms are based on the \\emph{Principal-Agent} (PA) model in microeconomic theory. We show that (1) optimal cyber-insurance contracts induced by our mechanisms only provide partial...

  14. Looking beyond the Internet: examining socioeconomic inequalities in cancer information seeking among cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chul-Joo; Ramírez, A Susana; Lewis, Nehama; Gray, Stacy W; Hornik, Robert C

    2012-01-01

    The gap in cancer information seeking between high-socioeconomic-status (high-SES) cancer patients and low-SES cancer patients deserves serious attention, considering the importance of information and knowledge in cancer control. We thus explored the association of SES, as measured by education, with cancer patients' overall cancer information seeking, and with seeking from each source (i.e., the Internet, mass media, medical sources, and nonmedical interpersonal sources) and across two topic categories (i.e., treatment, quality of life). We then asked whether the effect of education on treatment information seeking is reduced among those who are particularly motivated to control treatment choices. We conducted a survey with breast, prostate, and colon cancer patients diagnosed in 2005 (n = 2,013), who were randomly drawn from the Pennsylvania Cancer Registry in the fall of 2006. We found that education was more strongly associated with Internet use than with the use of other sources regardless of topics. Also, when information was sought from mass media, education had a greater association with treatment information seeking than with quality-of-life information seeking. Preference for active participation in treatment decision making, however, did not moderate the effect of education on treatment information seeking. The implications of these findings for public health research and cancer patient education were discussed.

  15. Quality of health information for cervical cancer treatment on the internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prakash Trina

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The internet has become a frequently used and powerful tool for patients seeking medical information. This information may not undergo the same quality consideration as the peer-review criteria for publication of information in a journal. The aim of this study is to assess the quality of internet sites providing information on the treatment of cervical cancer, with comparisons between the quality assessments made by an educated lay person and an expert in the field. Methods A search of the World Wide Web was made by a lay person to identify sites containing information on the treatment of cervical cancer. The credibility and accuracy of these sites was assessed using predefined criteria based on 'Criteria for Assessing the Quality of Health Information on the Internet' and accepted guidelines for the treatment of cervical cancer. The assessment was made independently and in duplicate by the lay reviewer and medical expert in order to allow comparison. Results 46 relevant websites were assessed. Only one site contained all the credibility and accuracy criteria, with a further website containing all the credibility criteria. The majority of sites, 38/46, were deemed easy to navigate. The agreement between lay person and expert was good with only 6 items in total changed by the expert. Conclusion This study clearly shows there is wide variation in quality of websites available to patients on the treatment of cervical cancer. Further research and consideration is needed on the effects of website information on gynaecological cancer patients and how steps can be made to insure the posting of good quality information.

  16. Indexing of Internet resources in order to improve the provision of problem-relevant medical information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoelzer, Simon; Schweiger, Ralf Kurt; Boettcher, Hanno; Rieger, Joerg; Dudeck, Joachim

    2002-01-01

    Due to the information overload and the unstructured access to (medical) information of the internet, it isn't hardly possible to find problem-relevant medical information in an appropriate time (e.g. during a consultation). The web offers a mixture of web pages, forums, newsgroups and databases. The search for problem-relevant information for a certain knowledge area encounters on two basic problems. On the one hand, you have to find in the jungle of the information, relevant resources for your individual clinical case (treatment, diagnosis, therapeutic option etc..). The second problem consists of being able to judge the quality of individual contents of inteernet pages. On the basis of the different informational needs of health care professionals and patients a catalog with inteernet resources was created to tumor diseases such as lung cancer (small cell and non-small cell carcinoma), colorectal cancer and thyroid cancer. Explicit and implicit metainformation, if available, such as the title of the document, language, date or keywords are stored in the database. The database entries are editorially revised, so that further specific metainformation is available for the information retrieval. Our pragmatic approach of searching, editing, and archiving of internet content is still necessary since most of the web documents are based on HTML, which doesn't allow for structuring (medical) information and assigning metainformation sufficiently. The use of specific metainformation is crucial in order to improve the recall and precision of internet searches. In the future, XML and related technologies (RDF) will meet these requirements.

  17. A quantitative assessment of changing trends in internet usage for cancer information.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McHugh, Seamus M

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: The internet is an important source of healthcare information. To date, assessment of its use as a source of oncologic information has been restricted to retrospective surveys. METHODS: The cancer-related searches of approximately 361,916,185 people in the United States and the United Kingdom were examined. Data were collected from two separate 100-day periods in 2008 and 2010. RESULTS: In 2008, there were 97,531 searches. The majority of searches related to basic cancer information (18,700, 19%), followed by treatment (8404, 9%) and diagnosis (6460, 7%). This compares with 179,025 searches in 2010 representing an increase of 183%. In 2008 breast cancer accounted for 21,102 (21%) individual searches, increasing to 85,825 searches in 2010. In 2010 a total of 0.2% (321) of searches focused on litigation, with those searching for breast cancer information most likely to research this topic (P=0.000). CONCLUSION: Use of the internet as a source of oncological information is increasing rapidly. These searches represent the most sensitive information relating to cancer, including prognosis and litigation. It is imperative now that efforts are made to ensure the reliability and comprehensiveness of this information.

  18. Modeling Internet Security Investments: The Case of Dealing with Information Uncertainty

    CERN Document Server

    Pal, Ranjan

    2011-01-01

    Modern distributed communication networks like the Internet and censorship-resistant networks (also a part of the Internet) are characterized by nodes (users) interconnected with one another via communication links. In this regard, the security of individual nodes depend not only on their own efforts, but also on the efforts and underlying connectivity structure of neighboring network nodes. By the term 'effort', we imply the amount of investments made by a user in security mechanisms like antivirus softwares, firewalls, etc., to improve its security. However, often due to the large magnitude of such networks, it is not always possible for nodes to have complete effort and connectivity structure information about all their neighbor nodes. Added to this is the fact that in many applications, the Internet users are selfish and are not willing to co-operate with other users on sharing effort information. In this paper, we adopt a non-cooperative game-theoretic approach to analyze individual user security in a co...

  19. Information available on the internet about pain after orthognathic surgery: A careful review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Melo Pithon

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Investigate the quality of data available on the internet with respect to pain after orthognathic surgery.METHODS: A careful search was conducted on the Internet in December, 2012. The most accessed websites browsers were employed for research using the terms: "pain" and "orthognathic surgery" together. The first 30 results of each portal were examined, and after applying the exclusion criteria, 29 sites remained. All remaining websites went through an evaluation process with online tools that investigated the quality, level of reading, accessibility, usability and reliability.RESULTS: Assessment criteria outcomes were considered unfavorable. Texts were considered difficult to read with inappropriate language for the general public. The mean global validation for the 29 websites of the LIDA instrument was 65.10, thereby indicating a structure of medium quality.CONCLUSION: Information about post-orthognathic surgery pain available on the internet is poorly written and unreliable. Therefore, candidates for orthognathic surgery must seek information from specialists who, in turn, should indicate reliable sources.

  20. Information Collection System of Crop Growth Environment Based on the Internet of Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua; YU; Guangyu; ZHANG; Ningbo; LU

    2013-01-01

    Based on the technology of Internet of things, for the issues of large amount data acquisition and difficult real time transport in the data acquisition of crop growth environment, this paper designs one information collection system for crop growth environment. Utilizing the range free location mechanism which defines the node position and GEAR routing mechanism give solutions to the problems of node location, routing protocol applications and so on. This system can realize accurate and automatic real time collection, aggregation and transmission of crop growth environment information, and can achieve the automation of agricultural production, to the maximum extent.

  1. Seeking Medical Information Using Mobile Apps and the Internet: Are Family Caregivers Different from the General Public?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyunmin; Paige Powell, M; Bhuyan, Soumitra S; Bhuyan, Soumitra Sudip

    2017-03-01

    Family caregivers play an important role to care cancer patients since they exchange medical information with health care providers. However, relatively little is known about how family caregivers seek medical information using mobile apps and the Internet. We examined factors associated with medical information seeking by using mobile apps and the Internet among family caregivers and the general public using data from the 2014 Health Information National Trends Survey 4 Cycle 1. The study sample consisted of 2425 family caregivers and 1252 non-family caregivers (the general public). Guided by Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking (CMIS), we examined related factors' impact on two outcome variables for medical information seeking: mobile apps use and Internet use with multivariate logistic regression analyses. We found that online medical information seeking is different between family caregivers and the general public. Overall, the use of the Internet for medical information seeking is more common among family caregivers, while the use of mobile apps is less common among family caregivers compared with the general public. Married family caregivers were less likely to use mobile apps, while family caregivers who would trust cancer information were more likely to use the Internet for medical information seeking as compared to the general public. Medical information seeking behavior among family caregivers can be an important predictor of both their health and the health of their cancer patients. Future research should explore the low usage of mobile health applications among family caregiver population.

  2. Head and neck cancer information on the internet: type, accuracy and content.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ni Riordain, Richeal

    2009-08-01

    This study aimed to determine the type, accuracy and content of information available on the internet regarding head and neck cancer. The search engine Google was used to generate a list of the top 100 websites about head and neck cancer. The websites were evaluated using the DISCERN instrument and the JAMA benchmarks and whether the site displayed the Health on the Net seal was also recorded. The search yielded 1,650,000 sites on the Google website. Of the top 100 sites, a total of 33 sites were suitable for analysis due to duplicate links, non-functioning links and irrelevant website. 45% achieved all four JAMA benchmarks and 18% achieved only 1 benchmark. No website receiving the maximum mark on the overall score and four websites received the lowest overall score regarding the DISCERN instrument. The question with the poorest response score was \\'Does it describe how the treatment choices affect overall quality of life?\\' 39% of the websites displayed the Health on the Net (HON) seal. A wide variety of types of information are available on the internet regarding head and neck cancer with variable accuracy levels based on both Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks and DISCERN. The onus lies with the practitioner to guide the patient regarding scientific reliability of information and to direct the patient in filtering the information sourced. The inclusion of quality of life related information is currently lacking and should be addressed to ensure a more comprehensive understanding for patients of treatment options.

  3. Physician Evaluation of Internet Health Information on Proton Therapy for Prostate Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shah, Anand, E-mail: as4351@columbia.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York (United States); Paly, Jonathan J.; Efstathiou, Jason A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Bekelman, Justin E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)

    2013-03-15

    Purpose: Many patients considering prostate cancer (PCa) treatment options report seeking proton beam therapy (PBT) based in part on information readily available on the Internet. There is, however, potential for considerable variation in Internet health information (IHI). We thus evaluated the characteristics, quality, and accuracy of IHI on PBT for PCa. Methods and Materials: We undertook a qualitative research study using snowball-purposive sampling in which we evaluated the top 50 Google search results for “proton prostate cancer.” Quality was evaluated on a 5-point scale using the validated 15-question DISCERN instrument. Accuracy was evaluated by comparing IHI with the best available evidence. Results: Thirty-seven IHI websites were included in the final sample. These websites most frequently were patient information/support resources (46%), were focused exclusively on PBT (51%), and had a commercial affiliation (38%). There was a significant difference in quality according to the type of IHI. Substantial inaccuracies were noted in the study sample compared with best available or contextual evidence. Conclusions: There are shortcomings in quality and accuracy in consumer-oriented IHI on PBT for PCa. Providers must be prepared to educate patients how to critically evaluate IHI related to PBT for PCa to best inform their treatment decisions.

  4. Information Systems Success in the Context of Internet Banking: Scale Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SENTHILARASU BALASUBRAMANIAN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Internet has revolutionized services across institutions. The Banking sector has registered significant change in the quality of service owing to the bandwidth of information flow ensuring greater customer-satisfaction. This has also brought into perspective the security environment within which information flow takes place. This paper initiates a few viable steps through scale development for Information System success with respect to Internet Banking. It attempts to fine tune the design efficiency of the measuring tool, at an individual level, for IS success. Towards this end, the study takes the empirical route for, qualitatively and quantitatively, testing and validating the outcomes for enhanced perceived security in select Indian nationalized banks. The present study examines the user satisfaction; individual impact; information, system and which impact IS success. It revisits the methods by which these variables are, hitherto, measured. It proceeds towards a scale development after examining the responses from 520 samples. The findings are based on the development of a six-factor scale. While the study has particular relevance for individual users of net-banking, it has promise for wider application at the organizational level as well.

  5. The Dynamic Modeling Algorithm of Information Organization and Allocation Problem on Internet Communications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yuan-xiang; Liu Dong-mei

    2003-01-01

    With the frequent information accesses from users to the Internet, it is important to organize and allocate information resources properly on different web servers. This paper considers the following protblem: Due to the capacity limitation of each single web server, it is impossible to put all information resources on one web server. Hence it is an important problem to put them on several different servers suchas: (1) the amount of information resources assigned on any server is less than its capacity; (2) the access bottleneck can be avoided. In order to solve the problem in which the access frequency is variable, this paper proposes a dynamic optimal modeling. Based on the computational complexity results, the paper further focuses on the genetic algorithm for solving the dynamic problem. Finally we give the simulation results and conclusions.

  6. Information Asymmetry and Internet Financial Development%信息不对称与互联网金融发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    生蕾

    2015-01-01

    Based on the essential attributes of Internet finance, by using information economics theory, an analysis is made on the mutual relationship between information asymmetry and development of Internet finance. The paper probes into the key problems for the development of Internet finance in China, and proposes the concrete countermeasures for eliminating information asymmetry in the development of Internet finance.%立足互联网金融的本质属性,运用信息经济学理论,分析信息不对称与互联网金融发展的相生关系,探讨我国互联网金融发展存在的关键问题,提出了消除信息不对称、发展互联网金融的具体对策建议。

  7. [Development of Internet-based system to collect and provide drug information for patients/consumers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurimoto, Fuki; Hori, Satoko; Satoh, Hiroki; Miki, Akiko; Sawada, Yasufumi

    2013-01-01

    For drug fostering and evolution, it is important to collect information directly from patients on the efficacy and safety of drugs as well as patient needs. At present, however, information gathered by healthcare professionals, pharmaceutical companies, or governments is not sufficient. There is concern that patients may fail to recognize the importance of providing information voluntarily. The present study was conducted to provide drug information to patients/consumers, to enlighten them on the importance of providing drug information by themselves, and to develop an Internet website, called "Minkusu," for collecting drug information from patients. This website is based on a registration system (free of charge). It is designed to provide information on proper drug use, and to collect opinions about drugs. As of May 31, 2012, a total of 1149 people had been registered. The male/female ratio of registered members was approximately 1:1, and patients/consumers accounted for 23%. According to the results of a questionnaire survey, several patient/consumer members appreciated the usefulness of the information service, and they took an opportunity to know of the concepts of drug development and evolution (Ikuyaku, in Japanese) through the information services provided by this site. In conclusion, the developed information system would contribute to the proper use of drugs by patients/consumers and to the promotion of drug development and evolution.

  8. Trust in online prescription drug information among internet users: the impact on information search behavior after exposure to direct-to-consumer advertising.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menon, Ajit M; Deshpande, Aparna D; Perri, Matthew; Zinkhan, George M

    2002-01-01

    The proliferation of both manufacturer-controlled and independent medication-related websites has aroused concern among consumers and policy-makers concerning the trustworthiness of Web-based drug information. The authors examine consumers' trust in on-line prescription drug information and its influence on information search behavior. The study design involves a retrospective analysis of data from a 1998 national survey. The findings reveal that trust in drug information from traditional media sources such as television and newspapers transfers to the domain of the Internet. Furthermore, a greater trust in on-line prescription drug information stimulates utilization of the Internet for information search after exposure to prescription drug advertising.

  9. Information and consent in internet paternity testing: focus on minors' protection in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caenazzo, Luciana; Tozzo, Pamela; Benciolini, Paolo; Rodriguez, Daniele

    2008-12-01

    Paternity testing in Italy is usually performed by private laboratories and universities having direct contacts with the applicants. Recently, the number of paternity tests offered through laboratory websites has increased in Italy and Europe. The execution of genetic tests, including paternity testing based on DNA analysis, represents a complex act, which contains three main steps. Paternity analyses carried out by laboratories via Internet are performed on samples collected by the applicants and then mailed back to the laboratories without any patient-physician relationship. Information is given to the subjects through the laboratory's website or mailed with the test order form. The execution of "household" DNA analysis without technical precautions may provide an incorrect response with severe consequences on the individual who has undergone testing, on the family involved, and on society in general. The problems connected with this kind of analysis are not technical, but ethical and deontological. In this work, we will discuss the problems related to information and consent by way of outlining the relevant Italian laws and codes of medical ethics. The Italian Privacy's Guarantor is assessing the ethical and legal implications, but regulations are not yet in place. We believe that adequate information related to this practice cannot be given via Internet, and, consequently, the validity of the consent expressed during this kind of procedure can be uncertain. Further, we will analyze issues regarding the importance of minors' protection when a paternity test is performed via Internet. In our opinion, the complexity of the situations and expectations linked to paternity investigations require a special sensitivity in dealing with each case, based on a patient-physician relationship in the decision-making process especially referring to the defense of the minors' well-being.

  10. LEARNIG TO BE INFORMED ON THE INTERNET: ¿ARE STUDENTS EFFECTIVE IN SEEKING AND SELECTING ONLINE INFORMATION?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Hernández Serrano

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available From an educational perspective, taking the Internet as an informational resource for education, the article analyzes the scope of the new information skills in regard to the concepts of literacy and information competence. This brief description of skills leads to the question of how students perform in their searching and selecting practices with online information. The main conclusions abstracted from the recent author’s research are brought to debate in order to respond questions raised about the skills needed to being effective in accessing and managing online information. Finally, since the new ways to locate and operate with the information contributes to the reorganization of both the traditional models of teaching/learning and the roles of the educational stakeholders, we understand that preparing students to meet the informational demands requires of teachers as mediators or facilitators of the informational process; thus, in the final section of the article, a proposal for teaching strategies in searching and selecting online information is explored, by describing several useful activities.

  11. [Biomedical information on the internet using search engines. A one-year trial].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrao, Salvatore; Leone, Francesco; Arnone, Sabrina

    2004-01-01

    The internet is a communication medium and content distributor that provide information in the general sense but it could be of great utility regarding as the search and retrieval of biomedical information. Search engines represent a great deal to rapidly find information on the net. However, we do not know whether general search engines and meta-search ones are reliable in order to find useful and validated biomedical information. The aim of our study was to verify the reproducibility of a search by key-words (pediatric or evidence) using 9 international search engines and 1 meta-search engine at the baseline and after a one year period. We analysed the first 20 citations as output of each searching. We evaluated the formal quality of Web-sites and their domain extensions. Moreover, we compared the output of each search at the start of this study and after a one year period and we considered as a criterion of reliability the number of Web-sites cited again. We found some interesting results that are reported throughout the text. Our findings point out an extreme dynamicity of the information on the Web and, for this reason, we advice a great caution when someone want to use search and meta-search engines as a tool for searching and retrieve reliable biomedical information. On the other hand, some search and meta-search engines could be very useful as a first step searching for defining better a search and, moreover, for finding institutional Web-sites too. This paper allows to know a more conscious approach to the internet biomedical information universe.

  12. User information seeking behaviour: perceptions and reality. An evaluation of the WHO Labresources Internet portal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madle, Gemma; Berger, Anouk; Cognat, Sebastien; Menna, Sylvio; Kostkova, Patty

    2009-01-01

    Evaluation on Internet portals is a key component of any online resource development. Understanding user information seeking behaviour and user perceived behaviour is essential to obtain the full picture of user needs, online activities and draw lessons to improve the design of Internet portals to better meet user expectations. This article discusses the evaluation of a WHO Internet portal: the Labresources website. The evaluation investigates user satisfaction with the resource, usability, demographic information about users and how well they could complete specific tasks using the website and compared this with the actual online behaviour revealing a number of discrepancies. An online questionnaire was advertised on the Labresources website during the period 25 November 2005 to 20 February 2006. As the site caters to English and French speakers, the questionnaire was made available in both languages. It consisted of two sections - the first section required the participant to complete three tasks using the website whereas the second section tested user satisfaction, information needs and appropriateness of the content. Weblogs data were compared with the questionnaire results to compare user perceived and actual online behaviour. Twenty one respondents completed the online questionnaire from a total of 18 countries. This was out of a potential 60 website users among whom the questionnaire was promoted. In general, respondents were satisfied with the website layout and navigation. 61.9% of respondents listed WHO among their top 5 and a third listed the Labresources website. The number of sessions where users browse (146) the information resources is almost three times more than the number of users who search (52) the resources. Weblogs revealed most interesting results with differences between what users reported doing when completing tasks and how easy they perceived the tasks and what they actually did. Twelve respondents completed at least one task. Of the

  13. Personal information of adolescents on the Internet: A quantitative content analysis of MySpace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinduja, Sameer; Patchin, Justin W

    2008-02-01

    Many youth have recently embraced online social networking sites such as MySpace (myspace.com) to meet their social and relational needs. While manifold benefits stem from participating in such web-based environments, the popular media has been quick to demonize MySpace even though an exponentially small proportion of its users have been victimized due to irresponsible or naive usage of the technology it affords. Major concerns revolve around the possibility of sexual predators and pedophiles finding and then assaulting adolescents who carelessly or unwittingly reveal identifiable information on their personal profile pages. The current study sought to empirically ascertain the type of information youth are publicly posting through an extensive content analysis of randomly sampled MySpace profile pages. Among other findings, 8.8% revealed their full name, 57% included a picture, 27.8% listed their school, and 0.3% provided their telephone number. When considered in its proper context, these results indicate that the problem of personal information disclosure on MySpace may not be as widespread as many assume, and that the overwhelming majority of adolescents are responsibly using the web site. Implications for Internet safety among adolescents and future research regarding adolescent Internet use are discussed.

  14. [Providing Internet-based information services at the 2nd Medical School of Charles University].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vejvalka, J; Ulrych, O; Vorísek, M; Mrázek, J

    1998-01-01

    Development of the internet network at the 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University from one of the first nodes of Prague Academic Network up to a complicated infrastructure with many client computers is accompanied with a corresponding development of information services available in this network. For today's users, infrastructure of the network is hidden behind the services whose technical details are not significant. The paper deals with history, current state and possible perspectives of information services (both basic as e-mail, WWW and more advanced like specialized database server, proxy, etc.) available to users at the 2nd Faculty of Medicine--taking into account the development of information technologies, networking infrastructure and the possibilities and limitations of co-operation between the faculty and its teaching hospital.

  15. The Standardization Method of Address Information for POIs from Internet Based on Positional Relation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WANG Yong

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available As points of interest (POIon the internet, exists widely incomplete addresses and inconsistent literal expressions, a fast standardization processing method of network POIs address information based on spatial constraints was proposed. Based on the model of the extensible address expression, first of all, address information of POI was segmented and extracted. Address elements are updated by means of matching with the address tree layer by layer. Then, by defining four types of positional relations, corresponding set are selected from standard POI library as candidate for enrichment and amendment of non-standard address. At last, the fast standardized processing of POI address information was achieved with the help of backtracking address elements with minimum granularity. Experiments in this paper proved that the standardization processing of an address can be realized by means of this method with higher accuracy in order to build the address database.

  16. Preferences design information on the Internet. A new methodological proposal, carried out with the university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Ana Isabel Bernal Triviño

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to learn about the preferences of young people on the design of information in the media on the Internet. The research takes the view that the sample of students is selected from eight designs real information online. First valued in a quantitative way and then justify their responses. The quantitative and qualitative methodology allows the results benefit from statistical rigor and greater depth. Due to the number of elements that make up the message visual information, this exploratory research pretending to know which are the most Initial findings have realized that the main preferences are linked to the presence of the media and typographical. With this data has begun a new investigation that materializa only in a quantitative way, the importance of the components of the design cited.

  17. Finding competitive intelligence on Internet start-up companies: a study of secondary resource use and information-seeking processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper reports findings from a study of CI activities involving Internet start-up companies in the telecommunications industry. The CI gathering was conducted by graduate students in library and information science in the context of a class project for a real business client, itself a small Internet start-up company. The primary objective of the study was to provide empirical insights into the applicability of specific types of secondary information resources to finding competitive intelligence information on small Internet start-up companies. An additional objective was to identify the characteristics of research strategies applied in the collection of CI on Internet start-ups from the perspective of current conceptual frameworks of information-seeking behaviour presented in the library and information science literature. This study revealed some interesting findings regarding the types of secondary information resources that can be used to find competitive intelligence on small, Internet start-up companies. The study also provided insight into the characteristics of the overall information-seeking strategies that are applied in this type of competitive intelligence research.

  18. Analysis of the Quality of Information Obtained About Uterine Artery Embolization From the Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tavare, Aniket N. [British Medical Association House, British Medical Journal Group (United Kingdom); Alsafi, Ali, E-mail: ali.alsafi03@imperial.ac.uk; Hamady, Mohamad S. [St. Mary' s Hospital, Imaging Department (United Kingdom)

    2012-12-15

    Purpose: The Internet is widely used by patients to source health care-related information. We sought to analyse the quality of information available on the Internet about uterine artery embolization (UAE). Materials and Methods: We searched three major search engines for the phrase 'uterine artery embolization' and compiled the top 50 results from each engine. After excluding repeated sites, scientific articles, and links to documents, the remaining 50 sites were assessed using the LIDA instrument, which scores sites across the domains of accessibility, usability, and reliability. The Fleisch reading ease score (FRES) was calculated for each of the sites. Finally, we checked the country of origin and the presence of certification by the Health On the Net Foundation (HONcode) as well as their effect on LIDA and FRES scores.ResultsThe following mean scores were obtained: accessibility 48/60 (80%), usability 42/54 (77%), reliability 20/51 (39%), total LIDA 110/165 (67%), and FRES 42/100 (42%). Nine sites had HONcode certification, and this was associated with significantly greater (p < 0.05) reliability and total LIDA and FRES scores. When comparing sites between United Kingdom and United States, there was marked variation in the quality of results obtained when searching for information on UAE (p < 0.05). Conclusion: In general, sites were well designed and easy to use. However, many scored poorly on the reliability of their information either because they were produced in a non-evidence-based way or because they lacking currency. It is important that patients are guided to reputable, location-specific sources of information online, especially because prominent search engine rank does not guarantee reliability of information.

  19. Internet use and looking up information online in adults with epilepsy varies by epilepsy status--2013 National Health Interview Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Us Centers For Disease Control And Prevention Epilepsy Program

    2016-01-01

    We estimated US national prevalences of Internet use and looking up health information online among adults with epilepsy and those without, overall (age-standardized) and by three age groups (18-44, 45-59, and ≥60years) using the 2013 National Health Interview Survey. Results showed that both overall and across all age groups, a significantly lower percentage of adults with active epilepsy reported using the Internet compared with that of adults without epilepsy. However, among Internet users, the percentage of looking up health information online did not differ by epilepsy status or age. Ensuring access to the Internet and encouraging use of quality, secure, and easy-to-access resources and e-tools might help adults with epilepsy to optimize their self-management and improve their quality of life.

  20. The Internet as a source of reproductive health information among adolescent girls in an urban city in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nwagwu Williams E

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There exists some research evidence regarding how adolescents utilize the Internet for health information seeking purposes. The purpose of this study is to understand how in-school and out-of-school adolescent girls in Owerri, Nigeria use online resources to meet their reproductive health information needs. The result could be considered very crucial in assessing the potential role of the Internet in providing health information to adolescent girls in a typical Nigerian urban city. Methods A questionnaire was used to collect data from 1011 adolescent girls in selected secondary schools in the communities, and also from 134 out-of-school girls selected from the same communities. Results More than 73% of the girls reported having ever used the Internet; more than 74% and 68% of them being in-school and out-of-school respectively. The in-school girls (43.9% reported having home access more than the out-of-school (5.6% although the out-of-school have used the Internet for finding reproductive and related information more than the in-school. While parents (66.22% and teachers (56.15% are the two sources most used to the in-school girls, friends (63.18% and the Internet (55.19% were reported by the out-of-school youth as the two most used sources of information to them. Conclusion The Internet is not a first choice of source of reproductive health information for both the in-school and out-of-school adolescent girls in Owerri, Nigeria. The source is however, more commonly used by the out-of-school than the in-school, but the in-school have a more favorable assessment of the quality of information they obtain from the Internet.

  1. The Quality of Information about Hip Fractures in Turkish Internet Sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Küçükdurmaz

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Internet has been the most commonly used way to access information now. Patients and their families search information about diseases and treatment methods on web. Our aim is to check the information quality of Turkish language based web sites that mention about hip fractures. Material and Method: We made a search by the word ‘hip fracture’ with three web search engines which are most popular in Turkey. We evaluated the most commonly visited first 10 sites and scored them according to a standard form. Results: Nine of the 30 web sites were include useful information for patients about the subject. The total score was 7.0 (min.:2, max.:14, SD: 4.81 Discussion: The web sites designed in Turkish that contains information about the health topics was found to be inadequate. This incomplete and incorrect information can lead to the users false informed about the topic. In this regard, the development of new sites is needed that can objectively accreditate health-related sites.

  2. An evolving user-oriented model of Internet health information seeking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaie, Martha J

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents an evolving user-oriented model of Internet health information seeking (IS) based on qualitative data collected from 22 lung cancer (LC) patients and caregivers. This evolving model represents information search behavior as more highly individualized, complex, and dynamic than previous models, including pre-search psychological activity, use of multiple heuristics throughout the process, and cost-benefit evaluation of search results. This study's findings suggest that IS occurs in four distinct phases: search initiation/continuation, selective exposure, message processing, and message evaluation. The identification of these phases and the heuristics used within them suggests a higher order of complexity in the decision-making processes that underlie IS, which could lead to the development of a conceptual framework that more closely reflects the complex nature of contextualized IS. It also illustrates the advantages of using qualitative methods to extract more subtle details of the IS process and fill in the gaps in existing models.

  3. A Security Concern in MS-Windows: Stealing User Information From Internet Browsers Using Faked Windows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lior Shamir

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available A simple method that might be used by malicious attackers for stealing usernames, passwords, credit card numbers or other valuable small pieces of information is described. Hidden processes running on Windows-based machines might create faked controls and place them on the browser exactly on top of the real controls of web pages such as on-line banking account login pages. Users might then type in their passwords or credit card numbers into the faked controls, allowing the malicious process to capture the data. Since spyware is a large and growing threat to internet users, it is not unlikely that such a technique will be used for stealing valuable information. An example based on Hotmail web-based email service is demonstrated, but this technique might be used for a variety of password-protected web services. The paper also discusses different approach of protection against the described attack.

  4. Information Marketing on the Internet%网络环境下的信息市场营销

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈颖

    2001-01-01

    Based on the difference between information commodity and the other commodities, this paper analyzes the feasibility and necessity of marketing information on the Internet. It also probes into some new methods from the angles of product, price, promotion, channel and safety.

  5. 77 FR 20367 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Computer and Internet Use Supplement to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ...; Computer and Internet Use Supplement to the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey AGENCY: National... high-speed Internet) use by U.S. households. President Obama has established a national goal of... on broadband and Internet use have been included in ten previous CPS surveys. The U.S. government...

  6. The use of interactive graphical maps for browsing medical/health Internet information resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boulos Maged

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract As online information portals accumulate metadata descriptions of Web resources, it becomes necessary to develop effective ways for visualising and navigating the resultant huge metadata repositories as well as the different semantic relationships and attributes of described Web resources. Graphical maps provide a good method to visualise, understand and navigate a world that is too large and complex to be seen directly like the Web. Several examples of maps designed as a navigational aid for Web resources are presented in this review with an emphasis on maps of medical and health-related resources. The latter include HealthCyberMap maps http://healthcybermap.semanticweb.org/, which can be classified as conceptual information space maps, and the very abstract and geometric Visual Net maps of PubMed http://map.net (for demos. Information resources can be also organised and navigated based on their geographic attributes. Some of the maps presented in this review use a Kohonen Self-Organising Map algorithm, and only HealthCyberMap uses a Geographic Information System to classify Web resource data and render the maps. Maps based on familiar metaphors taken from users' everyday life are much easier to understand. Associative and pictorial map icons that enable instant recognition and comprehension are preferred to geometric ones and are key to successful maps for browsing medical/health Internet information resources.

  7. Quality of Breast Cancer Information on the Internet by African Organizations: An Appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Pomaa Akuoko

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of this study was to appraise the quality of information on BC available at websites run by organizations in Africa. Methods. Three searches were conducted using Google search engine to generate a list of websites. The identified websites were assessed using European Commission (EC quality criteria for health-related websites, which comprises different assessment areas including, completeness, transparency and honesty, authority, privacy and data protection, updating of information, accountability, and accessibility. Results. Thirteen (13 websites were included in the evaluation. Majority of the websites evaluated had low scores on the completeness and transparency of their websites. Scores on accessibility were however moderate and high for most of the websites. Breast cancer-specific organizations provided the highest quality information, particularly in terms of completeness. The overall lowest and highest quality scores were 9 and 43 out of 63, respectively, and 77% of the included websites scored less than 50% of the total quality score. Conclusion. This review has provided evidence of inadequate and inaccurate BC information provided by some cancer organizations in Africa. Considerable effort is required to make BC information on the Internet a valuable and up-to-date source for both professionals and patients.

  8. Perceptions of Medicaid Beneficiaries Regarding the Usefulness of Accessing Personal Health Information and Services through a Patient Internet Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lobach, David F.; Willis, Janese M.; Macri, Jennifer M.; Simo, Jessica; Anstrom, Kevin J.

    2006-01-01

    Increasing emphasis is being placed on the importance of information technology to improve the safety and quality of healthcare. However, concern is growing that these potential benefits will not be equally distributed across the population because of a widening digital divide along racial and socioeconomic lines. In this pilot study, we surveyed 31 Medicaid beneficiaries to ascertain their interest in and projected use of a healthcare patient Internet portal. We found that most Medicaid beneficiaries (or their parents/guardians) were very interested in accessing personal health information about themselves (or their dependents) online. Additionally, they were interested in accessing healthcare services online. We also found that many Medicaid beneficiaries have Internet access, including a slight majority with access to high-speed Internet connections. Our study revealed significant concern about the privacy of online health information. PMID:17238393

  9. Has the internet overtaken other traditional sources of health information? Questionnaire survey of patients attending ENT outpatient clinics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rokade, A; Kapoor, P K D; Rao, S; Rokade, V; Reddy, K T V; Kumar, B N

    2002-12-01

    The aim of this study was to find out whether patients attending ENT clinics obtain health information about their medical condition and to assess satisfaction with the sources of health information, including the internet. Three hundred and thirty patients attending ENT outpatient clinics at District General Hospitals in Wigan and Warrington during June 2001 were asked to complete detailed questionnaires. Fifty-seven per cent of patients attempted to obtain health information before their visit to the specialist clinic. Forty-five per cent of patients had access to the internet, but only 13% used it to obtain health information. General practitioners were the source of health information for 64%, but the NHS-Direct help line was only used by 16%. Patients also trusted the health information provided by their GPs the most. In the twenty-first century, patients turn to their GP as the main source of health information.

  10. 因特网信息资源评价研究进展%Progress of Research on Evaluation of Internet Information Resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘传和; 王志萍; 何玮

    2003-01-01

    As the information resources on the Internet are large in number, varied in content, uneven in quality and irregular in renewal frequency, the research on the evaluation of the information resources on the Internet is of great significance to the users in selecting, exploiting and utilizing the information resources on the Internet as well as in the construction of the Websites. In this article, the development process of the research on the evaluation of the information resources on the Internet is reviewed. The research on the qualitative and quantitative evaluation indices and methods both at home and abroad is summarized. The trend and problems in the research are discussed.

  11. Information about oral cancer on the Internet: our patients cannot understand it.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varela-Centelles, P; Ledesma-Ludi, Y; Seoane-Romero, J M; Seoane, J

    2015-04-01

    Although information about cancer on the Internet can be beneficial to patients and physicians, to our knowledge, comprehension by patients has not been investigated. We used 3 search engines to select websites on oral cancer then assessed their readability using the Flesch-Kinkaid Reading Grade Level, Flesch Reading Ease Score, Gunning Fog Index, Coleman-Liau Index, Automated Readability Index, and the Simple Measure of Gobbledygook Index (SMOG). The mean scores for readability were within the range of "difficult to read" (FRES=36.04 (14.87)) with high educational requirements (FKRGL=11.44 (3.27)). This could hamper comprehension and is particularly worrying given the high percentage of people who have poor levels of literacy.

  12. Health information seeking on the Internet: a double divide? Results from a representative survey in the Paris metropolitan area, France, 2005–2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parizot Isabelle

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Internet is a major source of information for professionals and the general public, especially in the field of health. However, despite ever-increasing connection rates, a digital divide persists in the industrialised countries. The objective of this study was to assess the determinants involved in: 1 having or not having Internet access; and 2 using or not using the Internet to obtain health information. Methods A cross-sectional survey of a representative random sample was conducted in the Paris metropolitan area, France, in the fall of 2005 (n = 3023. Results Close to 70% of the adult population had Internet access, and 49% of Internet users had previously searched for medical information. Economic and social disparities observed in online health information seeking are reinforced by the economic and social disparities in Internet access, hence a double divide. While individuals who reported having a recent health problem were less likely to have Internet access (odds ratio (OR: 0.72, 95% confidence interval (CI: 0.53–0.98, it is they who, when they have Internet access, are the most likely to search for health information (OR = 1.44, 95% CI = 1.11–1.87. Conclusion In the French context of universal health insurance, access to the Internet varies according to social and socioeconomic status and health status, and its use for health information seeking varies also with health beliefs, but not to health insurance coverage or health-care utilisation. Certain economic and social inequalities seem to impact cumulatively on Internet access and on the use of the Internet for health information seeking. It is not obvious that the Internet is a special information tool for primary prevention in people who are the furthest removed from health concerns. However, the Internet appears to be a useful complement for secondary prevention, especially for better understanding health problems or enhancing therapeutic compliance.

  13. Quality of Health Information on the Internet for Urolithiasis on the Google Search Engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Dwayne T S; Abouassaly, Robert; Lawrentschuk, Nathan

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. To compare the quality of health information on the Internet for keywords related to urolithiasis, to assess for difference in information quality across four main Western languages, and to compare the source of sponsorship in these websites. Methods. Health On the Net (HON) Foundation principles were utilised to determine quality information. Fifteen keywords related to urolithiasis were searched on the Google search engine. The first 150 websites were assessed against the HON principles and the source of sponsorship determined. Results. A total of 8986 websites were analysed. A proportion of HON-accredited websites for individual search terms range between 2.5% and 12.0%. The first 50 websites were more likely to be HON-positive compared to websites 51-100 and 101-150. French websites searched were more likely to be HON-positive whereas German websites were less likely to be HON-positive than English websites. There was no statistically significant difference between the rate of HON-positive English and Spanish websites. The three main website sponsors were from government/educational sources (40.2%), followed by commercial (29.9%) and physician/surgeon sources (18.6%). Conclusions. Health information on most urolithiasis websites was not validated. Nearly one-third of websites in this study have commercial sponsorship. Doctors should recognise the need for more reliable health websites for their patients.

  14. Potentials and Problems of Internet as a Source of Purchasing Information – Experiences and Attitudes of University Students in Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blaženka Knežević

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Gathering information online prior to offline purchase became the com - mon way of using Internet within student population. On the other hand, there are more and more Internet users and online shoppers at all Central European Countries. In the CEE region companies are searching the way how to approach students as a target group via their web sites. The purpose of this research was to explain (1 how student population in Croatia use Internet as a tool for gathering information on products and services and (2 to assess perceived problems and potential of Internet as a retail information source. The paper is based on a primary research – a survey on attitudes of Croatian students towards Internet and online shopping. Results are analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical method. Discussion of the results brings us to conclusions that there are statistically different attitudes among groups according to gender and according previous experience with the on-line shopping. For illustration: (a males and females differ in assortment that they are choosing and buying online, (b male students have a more positive attitude towards online shopping benefits than female students, and (c online shoppers have more positive attitudes towards security issues than non-online shoppers.

  15. To the Question of Information Security and Providing State and Municipal Services by Means of the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander A. Galushkin

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the present article author investigates interconnected questions of information security and providing state and municipal services by means of the global information Internet. Author analyzes opinions of the number of leading Russian and foreign experts and scientists. In the summary author draws a conclusion that implementation of rules of law answering to modern realities and also fruitful work of law enforcement and supervisory authorities regarding law application practice improvement is necessary for information security and human rights protection.

  16. Evaluation of health professionals in the use of internet information retrieval systems in health: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lialiou, Pashalina; Mantas, John

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a literature review on how health professionals are seeking health information using internet retrieval systems, databases. Publications present many attitude scales which evaluate the behavior of the users and the barriers that they face through the information research. On the following review are mentioned the characteristics that health professionals encounter on the use of computing. Also, is mentioned a number of problems which are associated with the information recourses such as reliability that were elicited and reviewed.

  17. The Internet versus pediatricians as a source of infant teething information for parents in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eda Haznedaroglu

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Parents are increasingly searching the Internet to gather information about their children’s health care. This study compared infant teething information obtained from publically employed pediatricians in Istanbul with that obtained from different Turkish websites (parenting, health, professional, news and commercial. METHODS: This study had two parts. The first part used a descriptive design, with two checklists to assess the quality and comprehensiveness of the teething-specific content on 62 parenting or health websites. The second part was a cross-sectional study of 75 pediatricians at public hospitals who completed a structured self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: In total, 54 websites (87.1% described infant teething as a normal developmental process. The lists that were found on the websites identified the most frequent signs of infant teething as fever and drooling/perioral rash. The most frequent management strategies were chewing non-chilled and chilled objects. For teething problems, some pediatricians recommended teething rings and oral benzocaine, while 23 pediatricians recommended nothing. CONCLUSIONS: Parents should be informed by health professionals, especially regarding specific treatment strategies.

  18. Public library computer training for older adults to access high-quality Internet health information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Bo; Bugg, Julie M

    2009-09-01

    An innovative experiment to develop and evaluate a public library computer training program to teach older adults to access and use high-quality Internet health information involved a productive collaboration among public libraries, the National Institute on Aging and the National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and a Library and Information Science (LIS) academic program at a state university. One hundred and thirty-one older adults aged 54-89 participated in the study between September 2007 and July 2008. Key findings include: a) participants had overwhelmingly positive perceptions of the training program; b) after learning about two NIH websites (http://nihseniorhealth.gov and http://medlineplus.gov) from the training, many participants started using these online resources to find high quality health and medical information and, further, to guide their decision-making regarding a health- or medically-related matter; and c) computer anxiety significantly decreased (p libraries, LIS academic programs, and other organizations interested in providing similar programs in their communities.

  19. Design and Development of a Semantic Information Modelling Framework for a Service Oriented Optical Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chinwe E Abosi

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The evolution of IT and network technologies has generated far-reaching opportunities for complex service innovation in future Internet. This has resulted in an increase in the heterogeneity and complexity in service provisioning. Such complex services demand efficient coordination of distributed IT resources (storage and computing interconnected by high capacity optical networks. This paper proposes a service plane architecture as an architectural enhancement promising to handle these complexities. It implements a unified service provisioning concept that can adapt to the heterogeneous, dynamic and complex nature of emerging service requirements as well as optical network and IT resource capabilities. The main elements of the proposed architecture consist of information discovery and service discovery that require a semantic modelling framework to address heterogeneity and automation. This paper focuses on a novel semantic modelling framework which is central to the proposed service plance architecture. It is used for information description in a service-oriented environment based on Web Services Modelling Ontology (WSMO. The framework describes the information model and entities needed to communicate requirements for autonomous, homogeneous service discovery, selection and composition.

  20. Parenthood, information and support on the internet. A literature review of research on parents and professionals online

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daneback Kristian

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this article was to address questions on how parents use the internet to find information and support regarding children, health and family life. Another aim was to find out how professionals use the internet to provide support and information to parents. This was done by a literature review. Methods Articles were searched for in five databases with a search strategy called "building block" approach. Results The review showed that the majority of today's parents search for both information and social support on the internet. However, there are considerable differences due to gender, age and socio-economic differences. First time middle class mothers aged 30–35 are most active in looking up health and parent information on the internet. In the same time, several studies report diminishing class differences on parent web sites. An important reason to the increasing number of parents who turn to the internet for information and interaction has shown to be the weakened support many of today's parents experience from their own parents, relatives and friends. Professionals have recognized the parents' great interest for going online and offer both information and support on the net. Conclusion Many benefits are reported, for example the possibility to reach out to a wider audience and to increase access to organisations without an increase in costs. Other benefits include the possibility for parents to remain anonymous in their contacts with professionals and that parents' perceived need for information can be effectively met around the clock. Interventions for wider groups of parents, such as parent training on the net, are still very rare and more research is needed to evaluate different types of interventions on the net. However, most studies were empirical and lacked theoretical frameworks which leave questions on how we can more fully understand this phenomenon unanswered.

  1. Information Technology in Malaysia: E - service quality and Uptake of Internet banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murali Raman

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available I nternet banking is one of the most popular services utilized by the Malaysian retail banking customers in recent years. Despite its attractiveness, studies have shown that the quality of e - services is core a issue that influences adoption of Internet banki ng services worldwide. The objective of this study is to evaluate consumer perceptions on quality of e - services and Internet banking adoption in Malaysia. Results show that Internet banking users and non - users have different expectation towards e - service q uality preferences. The implications are discussed and recommendations are made in order to improve Internet banking service quality in Malaysia

  2. High School Students' Use of Paper-Based and Internet-Based Information Sources in the Engineering Design Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieper, Jon; Mentzer, Nathan

    2013-01-01

    Mentzer and Becker (2011) and Becker and Mentzer (2012) demonstrated that high school students engaged in engineering design problems spent more time accessing information and spent more time designing when provided with Internet access. They studied high school students engaged in an engineering design challenge. The two studies attempted to…

  3. Using the Internet as a Classroom Information and Image Resource for the Development of a Television Advertising Campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Michael

    This report describes the use of the Internet as an image and information resource in an introductory television and radio production class (COMM 223: Principles of Radio and Television Production) at Western Illinois University. The report states that the class's two lab sections spent the first half of the semester preparing a television…

  4. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Technology as a Global Learning Tool: Information Systems Success and Control Belief Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Charlie C.; Vannoy, Sandra

    2013-01-01

    Voice over Internet Protocol- (VoIP) enabled online learning service providers struggling with high attrition rates and low customer loyalty issues despite VoIP's high degree of system fit for online global learning applications. Effective solutions to this prevalent problem rely on the understanding of system quality, information quality, and…

  5. Adaptive Information Dissemination Control to Provide Diffdelay for the Internet of Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao; Liu, Anfeng; Huang, Changqin

    2017-01-12

    Applications running on the Internet of Things, such as the Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks (WSANs) platform, generally have different quality of service (QoS) requirements. For urgent events, it is crucial that information be reported to the actuator quickly, and the communication cost is the second factor. However, for interesting events, communication costs, network lifetime and time all become important factors. In most situations, these different requirements cannot be satisfied simultaneously. In this paper, an adaptive communication control based on a differentiated delay (ACCDS) scheme is proposed to resolve this conflict. In an ACCDS, source nodes of events adaptively send various searching actuators routings (SARs) based on the degree of sensitivity to delay while maintaining the network lifetime. For a delay-sensitive event, the source node sends a large number of SARs to actuators to identify and inform the actuators in an extremely short time; thus, action can be taken quickly but at higher communication costs. For delay-insensitive events, the source node sends fewer SARs to reduce communication costs and improve network lifetime. Therefore, an ACCDS can meet the QoS requirements of different events using a differentiated delay framework. Theoretical analysis simulation results indicate that an ACCDS provides delay and communication costs and differentiated services; an ACCDS scheme can reduce the network delay by 11.111%-53.684% for a delay-sensitive event and reduce the communication costs by 5%-22.308% for interesting events, and reduce the network lifetime by about 28.713%.

  6. Reaching rural women: breast cancer prevention information seeking behaviors and interest in Internet, cell phone, and text use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kratzke, Cynthia; Wilson, Susan; Vilchis, Hugo

    2013-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the breast cancer prevention information seeking behaviors among rural women, the prevalence of Internet, cell, and text use, and interest to receive breast cancer prevention information cell and text messages. While growing literature for breast cancer information sources supports the use of the Internet, little is known about breast cancer prevention information seeking behaviors among rural women and mobile technology. Using a cross-sectional study design, data were collected using a survey. McGuire's Input-Ouput Model was used as the framework. Self-reported data were obtained from a convenience sample of 157 women with a mean age of 60 (SD = 12.12) at a rural New Mexico imaging center. Common interpersonal information sources were doctors, nurses, and friends and common channel information sources were television, magazines, and Internet. Overall, 87% used cell phones, 20% had an interest to receive cell phone breast cancer prevention messages, 47% used text messaging, 36% had an interest to receive text breast cancer prevention messages, and 37% had an interest to receive mammogram reminder text messages. Bivariate analysis revealed significant differences between age, income, and race/ethnicity and use of cell phones or text messaging. There were no differences between age and receiving text messages or text mammogram reminders. Assessment of health information seeking behaviors is important for community health educators to target populations for program development. Future research may identify additional socio-cultural differences.

  7. Principles and Application of Geographic Information Systems and Internet/Intranet Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-04-01

    technology enables the introduction of GIS based services which can be used in Intranets and in the Internet. For these services recently also eCommerce ...114 Figure 5: GIS and Internet example of USGS (screenshot) Some of these application are using eCommerce techniques and products to allow for a more

  8. Proposing a survey instrument for measuring operational, formal, information and strategic Internet skills

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deursen, van A.J.A.M.; Dijk, van J.A.G.M.; Peters, O.

    2012-01-01

    Observational studies prove to be very suitable to provide a realistic view of people's Internet skills. However, their cost and time are a strong limitation for large-scale data gathering. A useful addition to the measurement of Internet skills would be the development of survey questions for measu

  9. Internet of smart things, a study on embedding agents and information as a service

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moergestel, Leo van; Berg, Melvin van den; Knol, Marco; Paauw, Rick van der; Voorst, Kasper van; Puik, Erik; Telgen, Daniël; Meyer, John-Jules

    2016-01-01

    From the article: "The term Internet of Things (IoT) is used for situations where one or more devices are connected to a network or possibly the Internet. Most studies focus on the possibilities that arise when a device is capable to share its data with other devices or humans. In this study, the

  10. Information Technologies as Health Management Tools: Urban Elders' Interest and Ability in Using the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cresci, M. Kay; Novak, Julie M.

    2012-01-01

    Older adults represent an increasing percentage of both the whole U.S. population and persons living with one or more chronic health conditions. However, extant research has largely overlooked older adults when examining current Internet users and the potential for the Internet as a health management resource. In this study, the researchers…

  11. Internet-Specific Epistemic Beliefs and Self-Regulated Learning in Online Academic Information Searching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Yen-Lin; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2013-01-01

    Epistemic beliefs have been considered as important components of the self-regulatory model; however, their relationships with self-regulated learning processes in the Internet context need further research. The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between Internet-specific epistemic belief dimensions and self-regulated…

  12. Development of internet-based information systems using software components with the emphasis on the application in the military organization

    OpenAIRE

    Miloš J. Pejanović

    2011-01-01

    The development of personal computers and Internet technology causes continuous changes in methodological approaches and concepts of development of information systems. Most existing information systems, due to their heterogeneity, have a problem of integration of subsystems. In order to overcome this problem, software vendors offer different solutions. In this work we explore different approaches and propose an optimal way, with a special emphasis on its application in the military organizat...

  13. The Importance of Information Security for Financial Institutions and Proposed Countermeasures --With a Focus on Internet-Based Financial Services--

    OpenAIRE

    Bank of Japan

    2000-01-01

    In recent years, the development of information technology (IT) has brought with it a rapid increase in the use of open network systems, as typified by the Internet, to provide financial services. Concurrently, proper management of information security risks such as the risk of service interruptions, theft or alteration of data, impersonation and other events resulting from unauthorized access to the computer system is rapidly becoming critical. If these risks should occur and cause unauthori...

  14. Internet Anxiety in Information Search Process among Graduate Students at Ferdowsi and Birjand Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Narmanji

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available   The respondents of the present study were drawn from the graduate students at Masters level whose dissertation proposals have been approved by the Graduate Education Council at either universities by the beginning of 2009. A questionnaire was used as primary data collection instrument. 236 students were given the questionnaire, to which 156 responded. Reviewing the level of internet anxiety among the respondents illustrated that the majority (82.1% had less than average (score 60 internet anxiety. Nevertheless the sample studied furnished a normal distribution of scores. A significant difference was observed between mean internet anxiety scores and average internet anxiety score (60. It was indicated that the anxiety level in the population was less than average, although there was no significant difference among mean internet anxiety score among female and male students as well as students from various disciplines .

  15. The complementary relationship between the Internet and traditional mass media: the case of online news and information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    An Nguyen

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The question whether old media are driven out of existence by new media has been a long concern in academic and industrial research but has received no definitive answer. Aim.This paper goes beyond most previous studies of Internet impact on traditional media, which have placed their relationship within a competition-based framework, to specifically investigate the complementary effect of online news and information usage on traditional sources. Method. Secondary data analysis of a national survey of 4270 Australians conducted in late 2003, employing hypothesis testing for the mean, partial correlations, and a linear regression analysis. Results. Online news and information usage at different usage levels is positively associated with the use of traditional news and information sources, especially those that are more information-intensive. Those who relied on the Internet the most for news and information still used traditional sources substantially. Conclusion. The findings suggest that even if a displacement effect takes place, there will be no replacement (absolute displacement: traditional media will still exist to complement the Internet in serving human beings' news and information needs.

  16. SPECIAL EDUCATION ON THE INTERNET: BLOGS AS RESOURCES OF (INFORMAL TEACHER TRAINING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Alias Rios

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, technologies are increasingly present in people's daily lives, resulting in a change in the speed of transmission of information, in the way the communication happens, interaction among people, and also in professional training. In this context, we can highlight the blogs, which are a kind of online diary used for communication and interaction among people of different ages, interests and professions. From internet searches, it is noticed that blogs are often used by teachers. In this perspective, this study aimed to analyze and describe what teachers publish in their blogs about Special Education, and if these contents are related to the training of these professionals. For this, searches were conducted from a search website, by using the descriptor "special education." As a sample, we selected ten pages, Brazilian and Portuguese ones. It was drawn a profile of teacher-blogger and analyzed the contents of the postings. It can be concluded that teachers-bloggers have, in some way, relation to Special Education. The posts could be categorized into four areas and, after analysis; it was possible to conclude that blogs are a space that contribute directly to the formation of these teachers.

  17. Internet Use Patterns, Acceptance Levels. and Policy Recommendations: An Information Technology Infusion Approach to the Internet and the United States Air Force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-12-01

    well as policy recommendations regarding Internet use in the Air Force. The research provides substantial evidence that Internet technology is not being...highly infused at the headquaners-level than it is at base-level. This research also demonstrates that supervisory support for Internet use positively

  18. REGLES DE RECHERCE D\\'INFORMATION SUR L\\'INTERNET: SIMULATION AGENTS INTELLIGENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorin Militaru

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Les agents de recherche disponibles sur l’Internet sont des outils permettant aux consommateurs de comparer les prix d’un produit proposé par différents vendeurs. Les agents existants basent leur recherche sur une liste prédéfinie de vendeurs ŕ consulter, autrement dit, ils utilisent une rčgle de recherche avec une taille d’échantillon fixe (agent de recherche FSS. Toutefois, dans le futur, avec la mise en place de nouveaux systčmes de tarification des communications sur le réseau, cette rčgle de recherche est susceptible d’évoluer vers d’autres rčgles plus flexibles permettrant aux agents de faire un arbitrage entre les coűts de communication et le prix trouvé. Dans ce cadre, la rčgle de recherche séquentielle optimale (agent de recherche RP est une alternative possible. Néanmoins, son adoption va dépendre fortement de ses performances espérées. Dans cet article, nous analysons les performances relatives d’agents RP et FSS sur un marché oů l’accčs ŕ l’information est coűteux. A l’équilibre théorique du marché, nous montrons que les agents de recherche RP permettent toujours aux consommateurs de payer des coűts totaux moins élevés. Dans un second temps, nous testons la robustesse de ce résultat théorique en simulant un marché sur lequel les agents de recherche RP et les vendeurs n’ont qu’une information partielle sur sa structure.

  19. Adaptive Information Dissemination Control to Provide Diffdelay for the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao Liu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Applications running on the Internet of Things, such as the Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks (WSANs platform, generally have different quality of service (QoS requirements. For urgent events, it is crucial that information be reported to the actuator quickly, and the communication cost is the second factor. However, for interesting events, communication costs, network lifetime and time all become important factors. In most situations, these different requirements cannot be satisfied simultaneously. In this paper, an adaptive communication control based on a differentiated delay (ACCDS scheme is proposed to resolve this conflict. In an ACCDS, source nodes of events adaptively send various searching actuators routings (SARs based on the degree of sensitivity to delay while maintaining the network lifetime. For a delay-sensitive event, the source node sends a large number of SARs to actuators to identify and inform the actuators in an extremely short time; thus, action can be taken quickly but at higher communication costs. For delay-insensitive events, the source node sends fewer SARs to reduce communication costs and improve network lifetime. Therefore, an ACCDS can meet the QoS requirements of different events using a differentiated delay framework. Theoretical analysis simulation results indicate that an ACCDS provides delay and communication costs and differentiated services; an ACCDS scheme can reduce the network delay by 11.111%–53.684% for a delay-sensitive event and reduce the communication costs by 5%–22.308% for interesting events, and reduce the network lifetime by about 28.713%.

  20. Adaptive Information Dissemination Control to Provide Diffdelay for the Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao; Liu, Anfeng; Huang, Changqin

    2017-01-01

    Applications running on the Internet of Things, such as the Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks (WSANs) platform, generally have different quality of service (QoS) requirements. For urgent events, it is crucial that information be reported to the actuator quickly, and the communication cost is the second factor. However, for interesting events, communication costs, network lifetime and time all become important factors. In most situations, these different requirements cannot be satisfied simultaneously. In this paper, an adaptive communication control based on a differentiated delay (ACCDS) scheme is proposed to resolve this conflict. In an ACCDS, source nodes of events adaptively send various searching actuators routings (SARs) based on the degree of sensitivity to delay while maintaining the network lifetime. For a delay-sensitive event, the source node sends a large number of SARs to actuators to identify and inform the actuators in an extremely short time; thus, action can be taken quickly but at higher communication costs. For delay-insensitive events, the source node sends fewer SARs to reduce communication costs and improve network lifetime. Therefore, an ACCDS can meet the QoS requirements of different events using a differentiated delay framework. Theoretical analysis simulation results indicate that an ACCDS provides delay and communication costs and differentiated services; an ACCDS scheme can reduce the network delay by 11.111%–53.684% for a delay-sensitive event and reduce the communication costs by 5%–22.308% for interesting events, and reduce the network lifetime by about 28.713%. PMID:28085097

  1. Parental use of the Internet to seek health information and primary care utilisation for their child: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Migeot Virginie

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Using the Internet to seek health information is becoming more common. Its consequences on health care utilisation are hardly known in the general population, in particular among children whose parents seek health information on the Internet. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between parental use of the Internet to seek health information and primary care utilisation for their child. Methods This cross-sectional survey has been carried out in a population of parents of pre-school children in France. The main outcome measure was the self-reported number of primary care consultations for the child, according to parental use of the Internet to seek health information, adjusted for the characteristics of the parents and their child respectively, and parental use of other health information sources. Results A total of 1 068 out of 2 197 questionnaires were returned (response rate of 49%. No association was found between parental use of the Internet to seek health information and the number of consultations within the last 12 months for their child. Variables related to the number of primary care consultations were characteristics of the child (age, medical conditions, homeopathic treatment, parental characteristics (occupation, income, stress level and consultation of other health information sources (advice from pharmacist, relatives. Conclusion We did not find any relationship between parental use of the Internet to seek health information and primary care utilisation for children. The Internet seems to be used as a supplement to health services rather than as a replacement.

  2. Consumer attitudes regarding internet health information and communication: Gender, locus of control, and stress implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Fogel

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Los estudiantes universitarios utilizan internet para comunicarse y obtener información sobre salud. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo mediante una encuesta a 227 estudiantes para determinar si había diferencias entre aquellos que utilizan internet y el correo electrónico para informarse sobre salud y aquellos que no. Las variables dependientes fueron la Escala de Estrés Percibido y las subescalas de la Escala Multidimensional de Locus de Control de la Salud. Las variables independientes incluyeron preguntas sobre la utilización de internet para informarse o comunicarse con otros sobre salud. Se realizaron análisis para el total de la muestra y por género. En los tres ítems de comunicación, los que utilizaban internet/correo electrónico mostraron un nivel de estrés percibido significativamente más alto. No hubo diferencias entre los que usaban internet para buscar información sobre salud. Estos resultados se mantuvieron para hombres y se acercaron a la significación para las mujeres. Los que utilizan internet para obtener información sobre salud puntuaron significativamente más alto en la subescala de locus de control interno. Estos resultados se mantuvieron en los varones, mientras que para las mujeres fue significativa la subescala de control por otros poderes. Los hombres con estrés percibido se comunican por correo electrónico o internet sobre salud, mientras que las mujeres no. Respecto al uso de información sobre salud en internet, los hombres utilizan un locus de control interno y las mujeres un locus de control por otros poderes. Estos resultados son útiles para los profesionales que asesoren a universitarios con problemas de salud.

  3. New Information Service Mode on Internet%因特网信息服务新模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁蔚; 倪波

    2000-01-01

    Through analyzing the present situation of information service on Internet,the paper points out that the model of information service based on WWW search engine has been outdated.Directed by the two advanced theories of informatics in 1990s,which are the theory of ASK and Domain Analysis,and using the novel technology of Intelligent Agent,a new model of information service based on the principle of user-orientedness and subject-orientedness is developed.It's also explained that the new model is more suitable for the future.

  4. Variables associated with seeking information from doctors and the internet after exposure to direct-to-consumer advertisements for prescription medications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogel, Joshua; Teichman, Chaim

    2014-01-01

    This study examines variables associated with seeking information from doctors, the Internet, and a combination of both doctors and Internet after exposure to direct-to-consumer advertisements. Data were analyzed from 462 college students. Younger age, women, and health insurance were associated with greater odds for doctor; women, subjective norms, intentions, and greater time since seen doctor were associated with greater odds for Internet; and African American, Hispanic, subjective norms, intentions, and health insurance were associated with greater odds for both doctor and Internet. Marketers of direct-to-consumer advertisements can use these findings for tailoring and targeting direct-to-consumer advertisements.

  5. Internet India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pahl, Ronald H.

    1997-01-01

    Reviews a number of Internet sites containing information on every aspect of life in Modern India. The various sites provide information on such diverse topics as the Indian film industry, politics, the booming Indian computer industry, changing status of women, and financial and political issues. (MJP)

  6. A Study on Information Search and Commitment Strategies on Web Environment and Internet Usage Self-Efficacy Beliefs of University Students'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geçer, Aynur Kolburan

    2014-01-01

    This study addresses university students' information search and commitment strategies on web environment and internet usage self-efficacy beliefs in terms of such variables as gender, department, grade level and frequency of internet use; and whether there is a significant relation between these beliefs. Descriptive method was used in the study.…

  7. Plug in to the Utah Library Network, Reach Out to the World. Utah Library Network and Internet Training Handbook [for DOS]. Information Forum Publication #7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinwand, Louis; And Others

    This manual is designed to assist public libraries in Utah in their use of the Internet. Many of the examples used were created specifically to explain the use of products that the Utah Library Network provides for public libraries in Utah. The introduction provides background history and general information about the Internet and general…

  8. The complementary relationship between the Internet and traditional mass media: the case of online news and information

    OpenAIRE

    An Nguyen; Mark Western

    2006-01-01

    Background. The question whether old media are driven out of existence by new media has been a long concern in academic and industrial research but has received no definitive answer. Aim.This paper goes beyond most previous studies of Internet impact on traditional media, which have placed their relationship within a competition-based framework, to specifically investigate the complementary effect of online news and information usage on traditional sources. Method. Secondary data analysis of...

  9. Causes of Internet Addiction Disorder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The Internet Addiction Disorder diagnostic manual approved by psychologists on November 8 divides Internet addiction into five categories,which are addiction to online games,pornography,social networking,Internet information and Internetshopping.

  10. The impact of exposure to Internet-based information about the Rorschach and the MMPI-2 on psychiatric outpatients' ability to simulate mentally healthy test performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, Ellen; Hartmann, Terje

    2014-01-01

    To examine the impact of Internet-based information about how to simulate being mentally healthy on the Rorschach (Exner, 2003) and the MMPI-2 (Butcher, Dahlstrom, Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989), 87 psychiatric outpatients completed the tests under 4 conditions: uncoached and Internet-coached outpatients under faking healthy instructions (faking patients and Internet-faking patients) and patients and nonpatients under standard instructions (standard patients and standard nonpatients). On the Rorschach, faking patients and Internet-faking patients did not manage to portray healthy test performance and, like standard patients, revealed a significantly greater number of perceptual and cognitive disturbances than standard nonpatients. Faking patients scored in the psychopathological direction on most variables. Internet-faking patients produced constricted protocols with significantly higher F% (57%) and lower use of provoking and aggressive contents than the other groups. On the MMPI-2, faking patients and Internet-faking patients were able to conceal symptoms and, like standard nonpatients, scored in the normal range on the clinical scales. The validity scale L successfully detected the faking patients and the Internet-faking patients, whereas the F scale only distinguished the Internet-faking patients and K only the faking patients. We conclude that Internet-based information could threaten test validity.

  11. Classification and promotion different types of information product by internet marketing on the example of machine building enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Oksentyuk

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Considering the features of modern marketing, Internet-marketing in particular, the types of promotion information products are classified in the article, such as a separate product (goods,firm or company, thematic information resource (website, online-store, online-project. All of the above objects have their own characteristics, both in content and in the budget part, which leads to differences in the choice of promotion strategy, selection of Internet-marketing techniques and, consequently, the relative efficiency of the use by machine-building enterprises. We consider each of them separately and set the typical promotion scheme through information technology and World Wide Web. Made the estimation of marketing effectiveness use of strategies to promote different types of Internet-based products, which should include a number of parameters that are presented in this article. Analyzed the importance of availability of website as a necessary condition for the successful promotion of their products in the market and doing business in today's market environment.

  12. Primary Discussion on Information Security of the Internet of Things%物联网信息安全初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝锋钢

    2012-01-01

    The rapid development of the internet of things makes the security to the material world. The coming information security threat has been found range of network security and the management difficulty. The internet of threat extend from network world in our life, which increases the is generally divided into three layers, namely the perception layer, transport layer and application layer. The information security of each layer and the whole system must be guaranteed and the information security of the whole network must be studied to guarantee the business security of the internet of things.%物联网的快速发展使其安全威胁也由网络世界延伸到物质世界,未来信息的安全威胁已经走进我们的生活,加大了网络安全防范的范围和治理难度。物联网在逻辑上一般分为3个层,即感知层、传输层和应用层,在保障各层信息安全的基础上更要保障整个系统的安全,必须研究规划整个大网的信息安全体系,保障物联网业务的安全。

  13. Use and perceptions of the internet for sexual information and partners: a study of young men who have sex with men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubicek, Katrina; Carpineto, Julie; McDavitt, Bryce; Weiss, George; Kipke, Michele D

    2011-08-01

    The Internet has opened many doors with its accessibility to information, entertainment and web-based communities. For young men who have sex with men (YMSM), the Internet can provide access to information on relevant sexual behavior and health information, stories from other men about relationship issues, and a venue for locating potential sexual and dating partners. Understanding YMSM's motivations for going online for information, advice or sexual relationships, is important as the Internet becomes increasingly used not only as a space to find sexual partners, but also as a venue for HIV and STI interventions. Having an understanding of the risks associated with searching for partners online, and how and why YMSM use the Internet for a variety of purposes, can inform the development of more effective Internet-based risk reduction programs. This article presents qualitative and quantitative data from the Healthy Young Men's Study, a longitudinal study of an ethnically diverse cohort of 526 YMSM. Qualitative interviews (N = 24) described not only the prevalence of using the Internet for finding sexual partners and the possible benefits and risks associated with that practice, but also the processes and perceptions of using this mechanism. Our data indicate that YMSM used the Internet to find information related to sex and sexuality, seek friendships, sexual partners as well as "hook-ups" or casual sex. Findings were presented in relation to how YMSM researchers and interventionists can identify how to most effectively reach YMSM through online methods.

  14. What do patients know about their low back pain? An analysis of the quality of information available on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galbusera, Fabio; Brayda-Bruno, Marco; Freutel, Maren; Seitz, Andreas; Steiner, Malte; Wehrle, Esther; Wilke, Hans-Joachim

    2012-01-01

    Previous surveys showed a poor quality of the web sites providing health information about low back pain. However, the rapid and continuous evolution of the Internet content may question the current validity of those investigations. The present study is aimed to quantitatively assess the quality of the Internet information about low back pain retrieved with the most commonly employed search engines. An Internet search with the keywords "low back pain" has been performed with Google, Yahoo!® and Bing™ in the English language. The top 30 hits obtained with each search engine were evaluated by five independent raters and averaged following criteria derived from previous works. All search results were categorized as declaring compliant to a quality standard for health information (e.g. HONCode) or not and based on the web site type (Institutional, Free informative, Commercial, News, Social Network, Unknown). The quality of the hits retrieved by the three search engines was extremely similar. The web sites had a clear purpose, were easy to navigate, and mostly lacked in validity and quality of the provided links. The conformity to a quality standard was correlated with a marked greater quality of the web sites in all respects. Institutional web sites had the best validity and ease of use. Free informative web sites had good quality but a markedly lower validity compared to Institutional websites. Commercial web sites provided more biased information. News web sites were well designed and easy to use, but lacked in validity. The average quality of the hits retrieved by the most commonly employed search engines could be defined as satisfactory and favorably comparable with previous investigations. Awareness of the user about checking the quality of the information remains of concern.

  15. Are we PREPared? Quality of information available to patients in the UK about PREP on the internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Duncan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Professional bodies in the UK (BASHH/BHIVA do not currently recommended pre-exposure prophylaxis (PREP to prevent HIV aquisition for men who have sex with men (MSM [1]. Conversely, although Federal Drug Administration approval is awaited, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC have issued clinicians in the USA with interim guidance to facilitate PREP prescriptions [2]. Increasingly patients search the internet for information on HIV treatment, but disparate international policy can lead to confusing patient messages. This study was conducted to systematically assess the quality of internet information available to patients in the UK about PREP. More than 90% of internet searches in the UK are performed using ‘Google.co.uk’ and ‘Bing’ [3]. Using pre-specified criteria, we reviewed the first 100 hits retrieved from each search engine when the following searches were performed: [“HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis”]; [“HIV PREP”]; [“HIV PREP guidelines”]; [“HIV PREP guidelines UK”]; [“truvada prophylaxis HIV”]. Of 172 unique websites identified, 124 websites were active at the time of the review (July 2012. 33 websites were links to academic journals including commentaries and clinical trials, not intended to specifically provide patient information; 5 were internet portals directing users to alternative sites and 10 websites contained no information about PREP. Of the remaining 76 websites, 28 were written by medical professionals and 48 were written by journalists, where 7/48 (15% were individual blogs. 64/76 (84% contained a definition of PREP; 63/76 (83% discussed the rationale and 58/76 (76% reported efficacy data. Advantages and disadvantages of PREP were presented in 56/76 (74% and 41/76 (54% of websites respectively. Only 21/76 (28% of sites referenced existing national guidelines (CDC/BASHH. A minority of sites described the current clinical practice in the UK (7/76, 9% with an even smaller number presenting the

  16. Issues in Informal Education: Event-Based Science Communication Involving Planetaria and the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, M.; Gallagher, D. L.; Whitt, A.; Six, N. Frank (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    For the past four years the Science Directorate at Marshall Space Flight Center has carried out a diverse program of science communication through the web resources on the Internet. The program includes extended stories about NAS.4 science, a curriculum resource for teachers tied to national education standards, on-line activities for students, and webcasts of real-time events. Events have involved meteor showers, solar eclipses, natural very low frequency radio emissions, and amateur balloon flights. In some cases broadcasts accommodate active feedback and questions from Internet participants. We give here, examples of events, problems, and lessons learned from these activities.

  17. Access and use of the Internet for health information seeking: a survey of local public health professionals in the northwest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Anne M; Petrochilos, Deanna; Nelson, David E; Allen, Eileen; Liddy, Elizabeth D

    2009-01-01

    We conducted an on-line survey of 164 local health departments' staff in five Northwestern states in 2006-2007 to assess Internet access and use by staff. Most (96%) respondents had full-time access to their own worksite computer. The most important selection criterion for selecting Web sites was credibility of the sponsoring organization (55%). Accuracy (46%), reputable source (30%), and currency of information (19%) were considered most critical for assessing information quality. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (80%) and state health department (60%) sites were used most commonly. These findings can be used to improve public health Web sites and support decision making in practice.

  18. Information system «History, geographical and social-economic parallel XIX–XXI age on archive information of the removal A. I. Mende» on base internet-technology as complex innovacionnyh educational resource

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shekotilov V. G.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Information system «History, geographical and social-economic parallel XIX–XXI age on archive information of the removal A. I. Mende» on base internet-technology as complex innovacionnyh educational resource.

  19. Author's internet blog as information and communication technologies in the educational space within the physical education students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilnitskaya A.S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : to develop a web blog to attract students to physical culture and reveal their attitudes toward physical education. Material : in the survey participated 800 students from different cities of Ukraine, Russia and Belarus. Results : Internet blog created on the server "Vkontakte" as a social group called "Sport and motivation. It's nothing personal." With the help of questionnaires using internet blog revealed that of all the attractive aspects of physical fitness and physical development of students give greater preference beautiful physique. In the second place they have is health, then - endurance, agility, strength, speed, flexibility. Girls prefer a beautiful body, flexibility, plasticity, the boys prefer strength, endurance, agility and quickness. Conclusion : the need for the development and application of information and communication technologies and non-traditional forms of physical education to improve the effectiveness of the educational process in physical education in higher education institutions.

  20. Disseminação de informações ambientais voluntárias: relatórios contábeis versus internet The spread of voluntary environmental information: accounting reports versus internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Calixto

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Com o advento da Internet, grandes mudanças têm ocorrido na maneira que as empresas divulgam informações sobre a performance econômica, financeira e ambiental de suas atividades. A divulgação de informações de natureza ambiental ocorre voluntariamente por parte das empresas e essa é uma prática crescente entre elas. Acredita-se que essa é uma forma de as empresas responderem a mudanças estruturais, assim como estabelecer um diálogo mais transparente com os seus stakeholders. Este estudo exploratório teve por objetivo identificar as diferenças na divulgação voluntária de informações ambientais via Internet e via relatórios contábeis de uma amostra de 60 companhias brasileiras que exercem atividades potencialmente poluidoras. Ao comparar o conteúdo de informações divulgadas via relatórios contábeis com as informações divulgadas na Internet, observou-se diferenças significativas, ou seja, foram encontradas mais que o dobro de informações ambientais divulgadas voluntariamente na Internet. Entretanto, foram identificadas muitas divergências na forma de divulgação entre empresas do mesmo setor, tanto através da Internet como por meio dos relatórios contábeis.Due to the Internet arrival, companies have drastically changed the way to present information about economic, financial and environmental activities performance. Most companies voluntarily report environmental data and this is a growing tendency. This is probably a way companies react to structural changes, as well as establish a clearer dialogue with its stakeholders. This exploratory study aimed to identify the differences between disclosing environmental voluntary information on the Internet and through accounting reports from a sample universe of 60 Brazilian companies performing potentially polluting activities. There were meaningful differences between the information contents in accounting reports and Internet data. More than the double of the amount

  1. Quality evaluation of the available Internet information regarding pain during orthodontic treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Livas, Christos; Delli, Konstantina; Ren, Yijin

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quality of the data disseminated via the Internet regarding pain experienced by orthodontic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic online search was performed for 'orthodontic pain' and 'braces pain' separately using five search engines. The first 25 results from

  2. "Close Readings" of Internet Corporate Financial Reporting: Towards a More Critical Pedagogy on the Information Highway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amernic, Joel H.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses a curriculum strategy based upon a hierarchy of four close readings of corporate financial reporting Web sites (described as (1) objective characteristics, (2) internet financial reporting as rhetoric, (3) metaphor and thought, and (4) deconstruction) that is proffered as part of a curriculum objective to encourage university business…

  3. Construction of Cubic Dynamic and User-oriented Taxonomy forAutomatic Classification of Internet Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Based on the requirements of the development of Internet, thenecessity of establishing cubic dynamic and user-oriented taxonomy for automatic classification is presented. Then the basic algorithm to construct such taxonomy is discussed. The view is up to date in current world.

  4. Chiropractic wellness on the web: the content and quality of information related to wellness and primary prevention on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evans Marion

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Internet has become a common source of information for patients wishing to learn about health information. Previous studies found information related to back pain poor and often contradictory to current guidelines. Wellness has become a common topic in the field of chiropractic and accrediting agencies have standards on delivery of wellness-based content in college curricula as well as directives for clinical applications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of the information on the Internet using the terms "chiropractic wellness," or "wellness chiropractic". Methods Five commonly used search engines were selected and the first 10 sites found using the strategy above were evaluated by two raters. Demographic assessments of the sites were made along with whether they were Health on the Net Foundation (HON certified, contained standard wellness content, mentioned any Healthy People Focus Areas, and other chiropractic topics. Kappa statistics compared inter-rater agreement. Results Potential patients appeared to be the audience 87% of the time and a private doctor of chiropractic appeared to be the typical site owner. The sites usually promoted the provider. No sites displayed HON certification logo nor did any appear to meet the HON certification criteria. Twenty-six sites (55% promoted regular physical activity in some manner and 18 (38% had information on health risks of tobacco. Four (9% had mental health or stress-reduction content but none had information supportive of vaccination. Some had information contradictory to common public health measures. Conclusions Patients searching the Internet for chiropractic wellness information will often find useless information that will not help them maintain health or become well. Most simply market the chiropractic practice or allow for a patients to provide personal information in exchange for more 'wellness' information. More research should be done on how

  5. Evaluating the content and quality of information about premature ejaculation on the Internet: what are men being exposed to ?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gul, M; Kaynar, M

    2017-03-01

    Premature ejaculation is one of the most common male sexual dysfunctions; however, only a few patients with premature ejaculation are seeking professional help or advice. Internet has become an important source of knowledge, and thus, more patients are looking online for health information. According to our best knowledge, no study has evaluated the content and quality of websites on premature ejaculation. We, therefore, aimed to evaluate the content and quality of currently available Internet-based information on premature ejaculation. A sample was obtained comprising the 50 top sites retrieved from Google, Bing and Yahoo search engines using the terms 'premature ejaculation'. Each site then was reviewed based on some predefined evaluation criteria to determine the general quality, condition-specific content quality, popularity index and ownership. The websites reviewed were differed highly in terms of quality and ownership. Only a few sites provided comprehensive medical and complete information on premature ejaculation. The online information available is often of uncertain calibre; therefore, men are being exposed to information about premature ejaculation with a highly variable degree quality. This fact should be considered both by health professionals and website owners, and better online resources should be provided for these patients.

  6. Les technologies de l'information et d'Internet au service de la Veille technologique et de l'Intelligence Economique

    OpenAIRE

    Dou Goarin, Carine; Giraud, Eric; Mannina, Bruno

    2000-01-01

    International audience; Le volume et la variété des informations disponibles sur le réseau Internet alliés à la facilité d'accès à des ressources, le plus souvent gratuites, contribuent à l'utilisation d'internet comme outil privilégié du Veilleur Technologique. Mais le nombre exponentiel de ressources et d'informations disponibles sur Internet implique l'utilisation d'outils performants pour faire une surveillance active de l'environnement informationnel de l'entreprise. C'est dans ce contex...

  7. [What kind of health information search the spinal cord injured patients from Spain on the internet?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bea-Muñoz, Manuel; Medina-Sánchez, María; Flórez-García, Mariano

    2015-04-16

    Introduccion. Internet es una alternativa para la educacion sanitaria en la poblacion. Los lesionados medulares consultan la red sobre cuestiones de su salud. Objetivo. Conocer cuales son las fuentes de informacion, los temas sobre salud mas consultados y la confianza en el material obtenido de la red por un grupo de lesionados medulares espanoles usuarios de Internet. Pacientes y metodos. Realizamos una encuesta a lesionados medulares espanoles mediante un cuestionario en Google Drive. Se accedia a el mediante un enlace en la pagina de ASPAYM-Asturias. El cuestionario incluia datos epidemiologicos y cuestiones sobre Internet, fuentes de informacion y confianza en ellas. Resultados. Contestaron 121 lesionados medulares (el 64%, hombres), con una edad media de 45 anos. La etiologia predominante era la traumatica (70%), y en el 72%, las lesiones eran paraplejias. El 83% prefiere consultar al personal sanitario. Busca en Internet mas del 70% de la muestra, y lo hace en paginas web en espanol. El tema de mayor interes es el material ortopedico. El 27% confia mucho o bastante en la informacion de la red, mientras que el 32% lo hace poco o nada. Conclusiones. Los resultados nos aproximan al uso de Internet que hacen los lesionados medulares espanoles. Asumiendo el sesgo inherente en un estudio de este tipo, mas del 70% de la muestra consulta sobre su salud en la red, sobre todo en paginas web espanolas. El tema mas buscado es 'material ortopedico y sillas de ruedas'. Solo uno de cada cuatro confia en los contenidos de la red, y la mayoria prefiere consultar sus problemas de salud directamente con los profesionales sanitarios.

  8. Design & Realization of an Experimental Internet-based Information Retrieval Network System%因特网信息检索实验网络系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓梅; 沈祥兴

    2001-01-01

    Based on the authors' experiences in practice, this paper deals with the technology and scheme of designing and realizing the experimental Internet-Based Information Retrieval Network System. It mainly discusses its general design scheme and access to the Internet.

  9. New Initiatives for Electronic Scholarly Publishing: Academic Information Sources on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-04-01

    created by the electronic publishing industry . These are available in digital formats like CD-ROM and DVD, as well as through the Internet. In...managers arc handling an increasing proportion of new electronic/digital materials. These are produced by the electronic publishing industry and...departments or research institutions in response to the rising costs of materials produced by the traditional publishing industry . 2-6 There is a strong

  10. Information control in time of crisis: the framing of SARS in China-based newspapers and Internet sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Traci

    2007-10-01

    A content analysis examined 727 SARS news stories from a commercial China-based Web portal, a national Chinese newspaper, and a Chinese regional newspaper. Coding included news frames (health severity, human interest, economic, attribution of responsibility, denial) and the type of cited sources (domestic and international). MANOVA analyses indicated that the national newspaper used the health severity frame more often than the regional newspaper. The China-based Web portal used the economic frame and international sources significantly more often than either newspaper. Results are discussed in terms of the future of the Internet in China as a tool to mitigate the spread of infectious diseases through rapid information dissemination.

  11. Searching the Internet for drug-related web sites: analysis of online available information on ecstasy (MDMA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deluca, Paolo; Schifano, Fabrizio

    2007-01-01

    Although the Internet is a growing source of information on MDMA/ecstasy, no studies so far have investigated the level and quality of ecstasy information available to the typical Web user. In the present study, 280 Web sites were identified and analyzed; 50.4% had an anti-drug approach, 16.2% a harm reduction approach, and 24.8% a pro-drug approach. MDMA pro-drug Web sites appeared significantly earlier in the search engines' results list than both anti-drug and harm reduction Web sites (F (3; 159) = 3.288; p = .022). This study represents the first systematic analysis of information available online on ecstasy. Implications for further research are discussed.

  12. Internet Protocol Television for Personalized Home-Based Health Information: Design-Based Research on a Diabetes Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Ken; Kwong, Mabel; Alzougool, Basil; Hines, Carolyn; Tidhar, Gil; Frukhtman, Feodor

    2014-01-01

    Background The use of Internet protocol television (IPTV) as a channel for consumer health information is a relatively under-explored area of medical Internet research. IPTV may afford new opportunities for health care service providers to provide health information and for consumers, patients, and caretakers to access health information. The technologies of Web 2.0 add a new and even less explored dimension to IPTV’s potential. Objective Our research explored an application of Web 2.0 integrated with IPTV for personalized home-based health information in diabetes education, particularly for people with diabetes who are not strong computer and Internet users, and thus may miss out on Web-based resources. We wanted to establish whether this system could enable diabetes educators to deliver personalized health information directly to people with diabetes in their homes; and whether this system could encourage people with diabetes who make little use of Web-based health information to build their health literacy via the interface of a home television screen and remote control. Methods This project was undertaken as design-based research in two stages. Stage 1 comprised a feasibility study into the technical work required to integrate an existing Web 2.0 platform with an existing IPTV system, populated with content and implemented for user trials in a laboratory setting. Stage 2 comprised an evaluation of the system by consumers and providers of diabetes information. Results The project succeeded in developing a Web 2.0 IPTV system for people with diabetes and low literacies and their diabetes educators. The performance of the system in the laboratory setting gave them the confidence to engage seriously in thinking about the actual and potential features and benefits of a more widely-implemented system. In their feedback they pointed out a range of critical usability and usefulness issues related to Web 2.0 affordances and learning fundamentals. They also described

  13. 互联网虚假信息研究概述%The Review of False Information on Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凯

    2014-01-01

    由于互联网的普遍性、匿名性以及竞争的激烈性,越来越多的网络用户通过虚假信息以混淆视听、恶意诋毁竞争对手和蓄意扰乱社会秩序。本文通过论述互联网虚假信息的研究现状,结合相关研究理论和方法,探索互联网虚假信息的研究方向。%Due to the universality, anonymity and the severity of competition of the internet, more and more network users use false information to confuse the public, malicious slander competitors and distribute the social order deliberately. This paper discusses the research status of internet false information and explores the research direction of it with relevant theory and method.

  14. Disclosing and concealing: internet governance, information control and the management of visibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikkel Flyverbom

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The ubiquity of digital technologies and the datafication of many domains of social life raise important questions about governance. In the emergent field of internet governance studies, most work has explored novel governance arrangements, institutional developments and the effects of interactions among public and private actors in the emergence of the internet as a matter of concern in global politics. But the digital realm involves more subtle forms of governance and politics that also deserve attention. In this paper, I suggest that the 'ordering' effects of digital infrastructures also revolve around what I term the ‘management of visibilities’. Drawing on insights from science and technology studies and sociologies of visibility, the paper articulates how digital technologies afford and condition ordering through the production of visibilities and the guidance of attention. The basic tenet of the argument is that there is an intimate relationship between seeing, knowing and governing, and that digitalisation and datafication processes fundamentally shape how we make things visible or invisible, knowable or unknowable and governable or ungovernable. Having articulated this conceptual argument, the article offers a number of illustrations of such forms of ordering.

  15. Internet user behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radbâță, A.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Internet is a useful tool for everybody in a technologically advanced world. As Internet appears and develops, it creates a totally new network environment. The development of commerce on the Internet based on virtual communities has become one of the most successful business models in the world. After analyzing the concept of internet, the e-commerce market and its marketing mix and the benefits and limitations of the Internet, we have presented a few studies on Internet user behaviour. Furthermore, the paper looks at a representative sample of Romanian internet users. The results reveal that the Romanians are using the Internet especially for information gathering, e-mail, entertainment and social networking.

  16. Development of internet-based information systems using software components with the emphasis on the application in the military organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloš J. Pejanović

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of personal computers and Internet technology causes continuous changes in methodological approaches and concepts of development of information systems. Most existing information systems, due to their heterogeneity, have a problem of integration of subsystems. In order to overcome this problem, software vendors offer different solutions. In this work we explore different approaches and propose an optimal way, with a special emphasis on its application in the military organization. By applying modern approaches in the development of information systems on the concept of distributed component systems, we come to the set of proposed solutions from different manufacturers. The solutions are related to the mechanisms which should ensure that components written in different languages cooperate with each other in heterogeneous systems that are in different nodes in the computer network. This work describes the concept of component distributed information systems of Internet technology and their capabilities and offers a solution specifying the implementation environment in the military organization. Access to the development of information systems In the development of information systems, an important role is given to the choice of appropriate methods and tools. For large systems such as military organizations, standardized procedures and methodologies for the development of information systems are recommended. There are different methodological approaches in the development of information systems: a systematic integrated approach to development (from design, implementation to implementation and maintenance and development of information systems as technical - technological structures (standard computer and network service. The combination of these two approaches leads to the concept of 'open systems' that allow different standards and IT services to operate on these systems. The UML system description of the process of software

  17. The effect of source credibility on consumers' perceptions of the quality of health information on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Benjamin R; Romina, Sharon; Ahmed, Rukhsana; Hopson, Danielle

    2006-03-01

    Recent use of the Internet as a source of health information has raised concerns about consumers' ability to tell 'good' information from 'bad' information. Although consumers report that they use source credibility to judge information quality, several observational studies suggest that consumers make little use of source credibility. This study examines consumer evaluations of web pages attributed to a credible source as compared to generic web pages on measures of message quality. In spring 2005, a community-wide convenience survey was distributed in a regional hub city in Ohio, USA. 519 participants were randomly assigned one of six messages discussing lung cancer prevention: three messages each attributed to a highly credible national organization and three identical messages each attributed to a generic web page. Independent sample t-tests were conducted to compare each attributed message to its counterpart attributed to a generic web page on measures of trustworthiness, truthfulness, readability, and completeness. The results demonstrated that differences in attribution to a source did not have a significant effect on consumers' evaluations of the quality of the information.Conclusions. The authors offer suggestions for national organizations to promote credibility to consumers as a heuristic for choosing better online health information through the use of media co-channels to emphasize credibility.

  18. Pornographic information of Internet views detection method based on the connected areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Huibai; Fan, Ajie

    2017-01-01

    Nowadays online porn video broadcasting and downloading is very popular. In view of the widespread phenomenon of Internet pornography, this paper proposed a new method of pornographic video detection based on connected areas. Firstly, decode the video into a serious of static images and detect skin color on the extracted key frames. If the area of skin color reaches a certain threshold, use the AdaBoost algorithm to detect the human face. Judge the connectivity of the human face and the large area of skin color to determine whether detect the sensitive area finally. The experimental results show that the method can effectively remove the non-pornographic videos contain human who wear less. This method can improve the efficiency and reduce the workload of detection.

  19. Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression Are Associated With Satisfaction With Information Provision and Internet Use Among 3080 Cancer Survivors: Results of the PROFILES Registry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beekers, N.; Husson, O.; Mols, F.; Eenbergen, M. van; Poll-Franse, L.V. van de

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Dissatisfaction with information provided by healthcare providers may be a reason for cancer survivors to seek health information on the Internet and may also result in more symptoms of anxiety and depression among this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whet

  20. Understanding reactions to an internet-delivered health-care intervention: accommodating user preferences for information provision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yardley Lucy

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is recognised as good practice to use qualitative methods to elicit users' views of internet-delivered health-care interventions during their development. This paper seeks to illustrate the advantages of combining usability testing with 'theoretical modelling', i.e. analyses that relate the findings of qualitative studies during intervention development to social science theory, in order to gain deeper insights into the reasons and context for how people respond to the intervention. This paper illustrates how usability testing may be enriched by theoretical modelling by means of two qualitative studies of users' views of the delivery of information in an internet-delivered intervention to help users decide whether they needed to seek medical care for their cold or flu symptoms. Methods In Study 1, 21 participants recruited from a city in southern England were asked to 'think aloud' while viewing draft web-pages presented in paper format. In Study 2, views of our prototype website were elicited, again using think aloud methods, in a sample of 26 participants purposively sampled for diversity in education levels. Both data-sets were analysed by thematic analysis. Results Study 1 revealed that although the information provided by the draft web-pages had many of the intended empowering benefits, users often felt overwhelmed by the quantity of information. Relating these findings to theory and research on factors influencing preferences for information-seeking we hypothesised that to meet the needs of different users (especially those with lower literacy levels our website should be designed to provide only essential personalised advice, but with options to access further information. Study 2 showed that our website design did prove accessible to users with different literacy levels. However, some users seemed to want still greater control over how information was accessed. Conclusions Educational level need not be an

  1. Enhancing the Internet with the CONVERGENCE system an information-centric network coupled with a standard middleware

    CERN Document Server

    Andrade, Maria; Melazzi, Nicola; Walker, Richard; Hussmann, Heinrich; Venieris, Iakovos

    2014-01-01

    Convergence proposes the enhancement of the Internet with a novel, content-centric, publish–subscribe service model based on the versatile digital item (VDI): a common container for all kinds of digital content, including digital representations of real-world resources. VDIs will serve the needs of the future Internet, providing a homogeneous method for handling structured information, incorporating security and privacy mechanisms. CONVERGENCE subsumes the following areas of research: ·         definition of the VDI as a new fundamental unit of distribution and transaction; ·         content-centric networking functionality to complement or replace IP-address-based routing; ·         security and privacy protection mechanisms; ·         open-source middleware, including a community dictionary service to enable rich semantic searches; ·         applications, tested under real-life conditions. This book shows how CONVERGENCE allows publishing, searching and subscri...

  2. 浅析移动互联网信息安全威胁与应对策略%Analysis of mobile Internet information security threats and countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋光泽

    2016-01-01

    当今世界,移动互联网已然发展成一个十分开放的信息技术平台,为人们日常生活、工作、学习等带来了巨大的冲击。然而伴随移动互联网技术的不断发展,移动互联网也面临着一系列信息安全威胁。文章通过阐述移动互联网带来的信息安全威胁,开展移动互联网发展趋势及案例分析,对强化移动互联网信息安全防护策略展开探讨,旨在为促进全面移动互联网有序健康发展提供一些思路。%In the world today, the mobile Internet has become a very open platform of information technology, which has brought people's daily life, work, learning with tremendous impact, but with the continuous development of mobile Internet technology, mobile Internet is also facing a series of security threats of information security. This paper described the information security threat brought by mobile Internet, to carry out analysis of the development trend of mobile Internet and case discussion on strengthening the mobile Internet information security strategies, to aim at provide some ideas of promoting the orderly and healthy development of the mobile Internet comprehensive research .

  3. Research on the Organization of Internet Information%基于Internet的信息组织研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董慧; 余传明

    2001-01-01

    “文献爆炸”导致了文献的极度分散与用户的信息需求相对集中的尖锐矛盾,基于对一次文献进行综合、简化、浓缩和索引的传统文献信息组织模式应运而生——传统的情报学也正是在这样的背景下得到了迅速的发展。网络的发展使得我们面临新的挑战,如何解决巨大网络信息量与特定的用户需求的特定矛盾,成为当务之急。本文正是基于这一现实,分析了网络信息收集与网络信息组织的基本方法,并以“图书馆学情报学虚拟图书馆”为例,介绍了网络信息组织系统的计算机实现过程。%This paper analyses the basic method of collecting and organizingInternet information.And taking the “virtual library of library and information science(VLLIS)” as an example,this paper provides the way how the Internet information organising system is realized.

  4. Internet censorship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-12-27

    The U.S. Supreme Court agreed to review a lower court ruling that found the Communications Decency Act to be an unconstitutional infringement on free speech. The judges from the U.S. District Court in Philadelphia said that parents should monitor material that children are exposed to on the Internet. AIDS groups that publish information on safer sex, HIV prevention and AIDS treatments are not responsible for censoring content.

  5. Internet Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Veiga

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available It has now become quite obvious that the Internet has brought significant changes to our society and a break on how we lived before its emergence. It is still too early to assess the impact on society of the new services at our disposal, such as the capacity to communicate faster and cheaper on a global scale, access information and, perhaps more importantly, to produce and disseminate information in a way that is accessible to all.It is clear that the advent of the Information Society implies changes in our society that constitute a point of no return. However, contrary to what happened when we entered the Industrial Age about three centuries ago, when the changing process was slow and led by older individuals, these days the entrance into the Information Society is taking place rapidly and the decisive players are younger people. The global nature of the Internet, the possibility of producing and distributing any type of content in digital form at almost zero cost, as well as the vast number of people who use the web, have highlighted the need for new forms of intervention in a sector where there are many types of players. It is in this context that the problem of Internet Governance becomes a very current issue, inasmuch as one feels the need to guarantee a diversity of rights and duties, which may appear difficult to reconcile.This paper presents a brief overview of the main players and initiatives which, in the field of Internet Governance, have tried to contribute to turning this network into a factor for social development and democraticity on a global scale.

  6. MedlinePlus: Transcript for Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is run by experts has a clearly stated purpose labels advertising reviews information before posting it explains the sources ... it may favor its sponsor has an unclear purpose does not label advertising does not describe how information is added does ...

  7. A Comprehensive Theoretical Framework for Personal Information-Related Behaviors on the Internet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beldad, Ardion; Jong, de Menno; Steehouder, Michaël

    2011-01-01

    Although there is near consensus on the need for privacy, the reality is that people's attitude toward their personal information privacy is complex. For instance, even when people claim that they value their information privacy, they often trade their personal information for tangible or intangible

  8. Health information, credibility, homophily, and influence via the Internet: Web sites versus discussion groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zuoming; Walther, Joseph B; Pingree, Suzanne; Hawkins, Robert P

    2008-07-01

    Despite concerns about online health information and efforts to improve its credibility, how users evaluate and utilize such information presented in Web sites and online discussion groups may involve different evaluative mechanisms. This study examined credibility and homophily as two underlying mechanisms for social influence with regard to online health information. An original experiment detected that homophily grounded credibility perceptions and drove the persuasive process in both Web sites and online discussion groups. The more homophilous an online health information stimulus was perceived as being, the more likely people were to adopt the advice offered in that particular piece of information.

  9. Using the Internet as a source of information and support: a discussion paper on the risks and benefits for children and young people with long-term conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hewitt-Taylor, Jaqui

    2015-01-01

    Children and young people who have long-term conditions are likely to seek health-related information via the Internet. Because of their continuing contact with children with such conditions, primary care practitioners may be well placed to discuss with them and their families the risks and benefits of accessing information online. This includes not only the relative merits of particular sites but also more general online safety issues. To achieve this, it may be helpful for primary care practitioners to consider how they view risk in general, the risks associated with the Internet and the vulnerabilities of children and young people, particularly those with long-term conditions.

  10. Conceptual Model for Automatic Early Warning Information System of Infectious Diseases Based on Internet Reporting Surveillance System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA-QI MA; LI-PING WANG; XUAO-PENG QI; XIAO-MING SHI; GONG-HUAN YANG

    2007-01-01

    Objective To establish a conceptual model of automatic early warning of infectious diseases based on internet reporting surveillance system,with a view to realizing an automated warning system on a daily basis and timely identifying potential outbreaks of infectious diseases. Methods The statistic conceptual model was established using historic surveillance data with movable percentile method.Results Based on the infectious disease surveillance information platform,the conceptualmodelfor early warning was established.The parameter,threshold,and revised sensitivity and specificity of early warning value were changed to realize dynamic alert of infectious diseases on a daily basis.Conclusion The instructive conceptual model of dynamic alert can be used as a validating tool in institutions of infectious disease surveillance in different districts.

  11. Nuclear expert web mining system: monitoring and analysis of nuclear acceptance by information retrieval and opinion extraction on the Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reis, Thiago; Barroso, Antonio C.O.; Imakuma, Kengo, E-mail: thiagoreis@usp.b, E-mail: barroso@ipen.b, E-mail: kimakuma@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    This paper presents a research initiative that aims to collect nuclear related information and to analyze opinionated texts by mining the hypertextual data environment and social networks web sites on the Internet. Different from previous approaches that employed traditional statistical techniques, it is being proposed a novel Web Mining approach, built using the concept of Expert Systems, for massive and autonomous data collection and analysis. The initial step has been accomplished, resulting in a framework design that is able to gradually encompass a set of evolving techniques, methods, and theories in such a way that this work will build a platform upon which new researches can be performed more easily by just substituting modules or plugging in new ones. Upon completion it is expected that this research will contribute to the understanding of the population views on nuclear technology and its acceptance. (author)

  12. [The Internet and clinical medicine. An introduction to the biomedical information services available in electronic form on the "net of all nets"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tringali, M; Iannucci, P; Zani, M

    1996-05-01

    Clinical users expectations from medical informatics are evolving due to the wide availability of biomedical information services on the Internet. Thanks to hypertexts and advanced browsing tools users with no informatical expertise can travel on the Internet and easily gain access to textual databases. With a multimedia computer other kinds of information can be grabbed: images, sounds and audiovisual documents. Basic Internet services (electronic mail, discussion lists, file transfer protocol, terminal emulation) can be accessed from a wide range of hardware equipment. However, the real power of a world-scale computer network like the Internet will be unleashed only when its global connectivity will be linked to the powerful retrieval ability of existing clinical and related databases. While biomedical journals editors and other medical information providers are in the way to offer electronic versions of their paper-based products, at the leading edge of this world-scale process is the USA National Library of Medicine, with the Internet-compatible version of its Grateful Med software which is expected to be launched during 1996.

  13. Internet enlightens; Internet eclaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiredo, S. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire, IRSN, 92 - Fontenay aux Roses (France)

    2009-10-15

    Numerous Internet sites are given in relation with radiotherapy, nuclear medicine and ionizing radiation, nuclear activity, radiation protection for populations, radioactive waste management in France and Europe. (N.C.)

  14. Internet enlightens; Internet eclaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiredo, S. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (IRSN), 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    2009-07-15

    Numerous Internet sites are given in relation with radiotherapy, nuclear activity, radiation protection, and environment shared by sites in France, Europe, big agencies and non-ionizing radiations. (N.C.)

  15. Internet enlightens; Internet eclaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2010-01-15

    This part of the issue gives Internet addresses in relation with nuclear energy, safety, radiation protection, legislation, at the national level and European and international level. A special part is devoted to non ionizing radiation. (N.C.)

  16. An internet-based information management system for oil spill response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, J.W.; Douligeris, C.; Tebeau, P. [Univ. of Miami, FL (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The paper describes the contents and capabilities of OSIMS - the Oil Spill Information Management System. OSIMS is an integrated information management tool providing a graphical interface to an object-oriented database of geographical and other spill-related data. OSIMS combines the utility of a Geographic Information System with the intelligence of a Decision Support System, and provides global access through the World-Wide Web.

  17. Ecology in the information age: Patterns of use and attrition rates of internet-based citations in ESA journals, 1997–2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duda, Jeffrey J.; Camp, Richard J.

    2008-01-01

    As the amount of information available on the internet has increased, so too has the number of citations to network-accessible information in scholarly research. We searched all papers in four Ecological Society of America journals from 1997 to 2005 for articles containing a citation to material on the internet. We then tested the links to determine whether the information cited in the paper was still accessible. We identified 877 articles that contained at least one link to information on the internet and a total of 2100 unique links. The majority of these citations were based on an object's location (Uniform Resource Locator; 77%), whereas the rest were based on an object's identity (eg Digital Object Identifier, GenBank Accession number). We found that 19–30% of the location-based links were unavailable and that there was a positive relationship between the age of an article and the probability of the link being inactive. Using an internet search engine, we recovered 72–84% of the lost information, leaving a total of 6.2% of the total citations unavailable. Our results highlight the problem of persistence of information stored on the world wide web and we include recommendations for minimizing this problem.

  18. Determinants of Information Behaviour and Information Literacy Related to Healthy Eating among Internet Users in Five European Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niedzwiedzka, Barbara; Mazzocchi, Mario; Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica; Gennaro, Laura; Verbeke, Wim; Traill, W. Bruce

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: This study investigates how Europeans seek information related to healthy eating, what determines their information seeking and whether any problems are encountered in doing so. Method: A survey was administered through computer-assisted on-line web-interviewing. Respondents were grouped by age and sex (n = 3003, age +16) in Belgium,…

  19. Willingness to use the Internet to seek information on HIV prevention and care among men who have sex with men in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline Justumus

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, men who have sex with men (MSM are highly affected by HIV and need new targeted HIV prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES: To assess the willingness to use the Internet to seek information on HIV prevention and care and associated factors among MSM in Ho Chi Minh City. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012. Participants were recruited using a convenience sampling method in venues most frequented by MSM and completed a self-administered questionnaire. Logistic regression models were performed to estimate factors associated with the willingness to use the Internet to seek information on HIV prevention and care. RESULTS: A total of 358 MSM were approached for the survey and 222 questionnaires (62.0% were eligible for analyses. Overall, 76.1% of the respondents reported that they were willing to use the Internet to seek information on HIV prevention and care. A number of male partners in last year less than or equal to 3 (Adjusted Odds Ratio: 3.07, 95% Confidence interval: 1.40-6.73, a history of STI screening (4.10, 1.02-16.48 and HIV testing (3.23, 1.20-8.64 and having ever sought a male sexual partner through the Internet (3.56, 1.55-8.18 were significantly positively associated with the willingness to use the Internet to seek information on HIV prevention and care. CONCLUSION: The MSM interviewed in Ho Chi Minh City reported a high willingness to use the Internet to seek information on HIV prevention and care. In a context where new media are increasingly considered as promising options for reaching this HIV risk group, further research should be conducted on developing and testing tailored online tools adapted to the needs of Vietnamese MSM.

  20. 36 CFR 1194.22 - Web-based intranet and internet information and applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) A text-only page, with equivalent information or functionality, shall be provided to make a web site... the presentation. (c) Web pages shall be designed so that all information conveyed with color is also...), (m), (n), (o), and (p) of this section are different from WCAG 1.0. Web pages that conform to WCAG...

  1. Fading Barriers to Potentially Harmful Information : Moral Responsibilities of Internet Providers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vedder, A.H.; D'Atri, A.; Marturano, A.; Rogerson, S.; Ward Bynum, T.

    1999-01-01

    In this paper, I argue that providers have responsibilities relating to the textual information, images and sound recordings, accessible through their services. Apart from the people who, themselves, put information on the net, providers are the only ones who are in a position to fend off certain po

  2. Internet based environmental monitoring information system and its application in Yili Prefecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    With the development of Intemet technologies, Intemet Based Information System (IBIS)arises with more advantages: Firstly, it is convenient for users to use owing to the introduction of Intemet technologies. Secondly, it benefits greatly the data dissemination and data sharing based on Intemet. The most important but not the last is that we can establish the information service network supported by its technologies and the facilities of information highway. So, it would be significant to design IBIS to realize the data collection, sharing and dissemination on Intemet. There are many factors affecting regional environment. So it is not easy to realize the integrated environmental monitoring. Given this, we designed the Intemet based environmental monitoring information system.By the virtue of the Intemet based environmental monitoring information system, the management and storage of environmental monitoring data would be easier, which lays the foundation to actualize the environmental monitoring efficiently.

  3. Internet Banking System Prototype

    CERN Document Server

    Alnaqeib, Rami; Jalab, Hamid A; Zaidan, M A; Hmood, Ali K

    2010-01-01

    Internet Banking System refers to systems that enable bank customers to access accounts and general information on bank products and services through a personal computer or other intelligent device. Internet banking products and services can include detailed account information for corporate customers as well as account summery and transfer money. Ultimately, the products and services obtained through Internet Banking may mirror products and services offered through other bank delivery channels. In this paper, Internet Banking System Prototype has been proposed in order to illustrate the services which is provided by the Bank online services.

  4. How evidence-based is the information on the internet about nausea and vomiting of pregnancy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacks, Samantha; Abenhaim, Haim A

    2013-08-01

    Contexte : Internet est devenu une importante source de renseignements au sujet de la grossesse et des préoccupations de santé en général. Cette étude a évalué la qualité des renseignements disponibles sur Internet pour ce qui est des problèmes courants de la nausée et du vomissement pendant la grossesse (NVG). Méthodes : Nous avons utilisé trois termes de recherche (« nausea and vomiting in pregnancy », « morning sickness » et « hyperemesis gravidarum ») pour identifier les sites les plus populaires, tels que classés par Google. Au moyen de modifications apportées à des outils déjà décrits, la qualité des sites Web a été évaluée en fonction de trois critères : la responsabilité (au moyen des critères Silberg), la présentation (au moyen d’un score Abbott modifié) et la lisibilité (au moyen du score de niveau de langue Flesch-Kincaid). Par la suite, les renseignements offerts par ces sites Web ont été comparés aux renseignements offerts par la directive clinique de la SOGC sur la prise en charge des NVG. Résultats : Nous avons identifié 24 sites Web particuliers comme étant les plus populaires. Les scores globaux en matière de responsabilité ont indiqué une piètre qualité, seulement 25 % des sites Web satisfaisant aux critères requis et moins de la moitié de ces sites indiquant le nom du ou des auteurs et leurs références. Les critères traitant de l’attrait esthétique ont été satisfaits pour ce qui est de plus de 75 % des sites Web. Le score de lisibilité de ces sites Web se situait considérablement au-dessus du score recommandé pour la population générale (score de niveau de langue Flesch-Kincaid moyen de 10,7 [max. = 12]). Quatre-vingt-sept pour cent de ces sites Web contenaient des recommandations précises et factuelles, conformes aux renseignements offerts dans la directive clinique de la SOGC sur la prise en charge des NVG. Conclusion : De façon globale, la majorité des

  5. Determinants of information behaviour and information literacy related to healthy eating among Internet users in five European countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niedźwiedzka, Barbara; Mazzocchi, Mario; Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica

    2014-01-01

    grouped by age and sex (n=3003, age +16) in Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Poland, and the UK. Analysis. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were used to analyse the influence of social, demographic, psychological and economic characteristics on the information seeking of the respondents. Results......Introduction. This study investigates how Europeans seek information related to healthy eating, what determines their information seeking and whether any problems are encountered in doing so. Method. A survey was administered through computer-assisted on-line web-interviewing. Respondents were...

  6. Modeling Online Health Information-Seeking Behavior in China: The Roles of Source Characteristics, Reward Assessment, and Internet Self-Efficacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Weidan; Zhang, Xinyao; Xu, Kaibin; Wang, Yuanxin

    2016-09-01

    The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003 marked the explosion of health information seeking online in China and the increasing emergence of Chinese health websites. There are both benefits and potential hazards of people's online health information seeking. This article intended to test part of Wilson's second model of information behavior, including source characteristics and activating mechanisms, and to identify the relationships among perceived access, perceived expertise credibility, reward assessment, Internet self-efficacy, and online health information-seeking behavior. Data were drawn from face-to-face surveys and an online survey of health information seekers (N = 393) in China. The results showed that source characteristics predicted activating mechanisms, which in turn predicted online health information-seeking behavior. Activating mechanisms, that is, reward assessment and Internet self-efficacy, mediated the relationship between source characteristics (i.e., access and credibility) and online health information-seeking behavior. Strategies for improving information access, expertise credibility, and Internet self-efficacy are discussed in order to maximize the benefits of online health information seeking and to minimize the potential harm.

  7. Reports on internet traffic statistics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogesteger, Martijn; Oliveira Schmidt, de Ricardo; Sperotto, Anna; Pras, Aiko

    2013-01-01

    Internet traffic statistics can provide valuable information to network analysts and researchers about the way nowadays networks are used. In the past, such information was provided by Internet2 in a public website called Internet2 NetFlow: Weekly Reports. The website reported traffic statistics fro

  8. The Internet as an informal learning environment: Assessing knowledge acquisition of science and engineering students using constructivist and objectivist formats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargis, Jace

    This study examined the effects of two different instructional formats on Internet WebPages in an informal learning environment. The purpose of this study is to (a) identify optimal instructional formats for on-line learning; (b) identify the relationship between post-assessment scores and the student's gender, age or racial identity; (c) examine the effects of verbal aptitudes on learning in different formats; (d) identify relationships between computer attitudes and achievement; and (e) identify the potential power for self-regulated learning and self-efficacy on Internet WebPages. Two learning strategy modules were developed; a constructivist and an objectivist instruction module. The study program consisted of an on-line consent form; a computer attitude survey; a Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire; a verbal aptitude test; a pre-assessment; instructional directions followed by the instructional module and a post-assessment. The study tested 145 post-secondary science and engineering participants from the University of Florida. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups or a control in a pretest/posttest design. An analysis of covariance with general linear models was used to account for effects of individual difference variables and aptitude treatment interaction (ATI). This statistical procedure was used to determine the relationships among the dependent variable, the achievement on each of the formats and the independent variables, attitudes, gender, racial identity, verbal aptitudes, and self-regulated learning/self-efficacy. Significant results at alpha = .05 were found for none of these variables. However, a linear prediction of age shows that older participants scored higher on the post-assessment after completing the objectivist module. Although there were no significant differences between the learning format and the variables, there was a difference between the modules and the control. Therefore, it is possible that

  9. Health information seeking on the Internet: The role of involvement in searching for and assessing online health information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Sun-Young; Go, Eun

    2016-01-01

    This study focuses on how young people with differing levels of involvement seek and evaluate information about the human papillomavirus online. The results, which are drawn from an experiment and a self-administered survey, suggest that compared to people with a low level of involvement, people with a high level of involvement engage in more information search activity. The results also indicate that those with a high level of involvement in a given subject place a higher value on a website's message features than on its structural features. Implications, limitations, and suggestions for future research are discussed.

  10. A behavioral framework for capturing emotional information in an internet of things environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luis-Ferreira, Fernando; Jardim-Goncalves, Ricardo

    2013-10-01

    Life in modern societies implies a close relationship with many types of devices. The diversity of such devices has impact in diverse areas of our life as some provide support for management tasks, others just provide information, and most of them follow us anywhere and anytime. The more widespread example is mobile phones, but others also follow us, like our music devices or even our car with many electronic systems. In a recent past a phone was something to talk with others and a car was just a vehicle, with an engine, to allow displacement of people and goods. A phone would support voice conversation and a car had the equipment needed to take us to some destination. But these days all those devices and vehicles have computer equipment and some include complex functions and sensory abilities. We cannot question how useful those devices are for every day's activities but it is questionable how those devices respect our nature and address our needs of perceptive and emotive human beings. How far can those devices retrieve information about our nature, and our feelings, and what kind of information and reasoning those devices can provide to users? The proposed framework, by capturing and managing sensorial and physiological information, will feed information that enable the reasoning of emotional knowledge in an IoT environment.

  11. Breaching the security of the Kaiser Permanente Internet patient portal: the organizational foundations of information security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collmann, Jeff; Cooper, Ted

    2007-01-01

    This case study describes and analyzes a breach of the confidentiality and integrity of personally identified health information (e.g. appointment details, answers to patients' questions, medical advice) for over 800 Kaiser Permanente (KP) members through KP Online, a web-enabled health care portal. The authors obtained and analyzed multiple types of qualitative data about this incident including interviews with KP staff, incident reports, root cause analyses, and media reports. Reasons at multiple levels account for the breach, including the architecture of the information system, the motivations of individual staff members, and differences among the subcultures of individual groups within as well as technical and social relations across the Kaiser IT program. None of these reasons could be classified, strictly speaking, as "security violations." This case study, thus, suggests that, to protect sensitive patient information, health care organizations should build safe organizational contexts for complex health information systems in addition to complying with good information security practice and regulations such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996.

  12. Tailored information for cancer patients on the Internet: effects of visual cues and language complexity on information recall and satisfaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Weert, J.C.M.; van Noort, G.; Bol, N.; van Dijk, L.; Tates, K.; Jansen, J.

    2011-01-01

    Objective This study was designed to investigate the effects of visual cues and language complexity on satisfaction and information recall using a personalised website for lung cancer patients. In addition, age effects were investigated. Methods An experiment using a 2 (complex vs. non-complex langu

  13. Tailored information for cancer patients on the Internet: effects of visual cues and language complexity on information recall and satisfaction.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weert, J.C.M. van; Noort, G. van; Bol, N.; Dijk, L. van; Tates, K.; Jansen, J.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effects of visual cues and language complexity on satisfaction and information recall using a personalised website for lung cancer patients. In addition, age effects were investigated. Methods: An experiment using a 2 (complex vs. non-complex lan

  14. Information Literacy Standards and the World Wide Web: Results from a Student Survey on Evaluation of Internet Information Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Arthur; Dalal, Heather A.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: This paper aims to determine how appropriate information literacy instruction is for preparing students for these unmediated searches using commercial search engines and the Web. Method. A survey was designed using the 2000 Association of College and Research Libraries literacy competency standards for higher education. Survey…

  15. "La Comunidad Habla": Using Internet Community-Based Information Interventions to Increase Empowerment and Access to Health Care of Low Income Latino/a Immigrants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginossar, Tamar; Nelson, Sara

    2010-01-01

    The innovative educational communication interventions described in this paper include the use of bi-lingual, low literacy level websites and training created by low income Latina women to increase access to health care, health information, and the internet. We focus on one grassroots intervention, aimed at increasing access to health care for…

  16. Source Preferences and the Displacement/Supplement Effect between Internet and Traditional Sources of Sexually Transmitted Disease and HIV/AIDS Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Hung-Yi

    2009-01-01

    This investigation examines the source preferences and the displacement/supplement effect of traditional and new channel usage as Taiwanese college students search for information about sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS from the Internet. The study involved 535 junior and senior college students from four universities. Analytical results…

  17. 75 FR 60068 - Global Free Flow of Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ..., Belgium, Canada, Chile, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece... the state-of-the-art in information technology networking in such applications as cyber security and... policies with several key countries, including India, Egypt, China, Japan and the EU. The Net...

  18. Who's Who in Internet Politics: A Taxonomy of Information Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Robert D.

    2010-01-01

    A decade ago, before the tech boom collapsed and the digital economy bubble burst, it seemed to some that issues surrounding information technology (IT) might be central to the politics of the early 21st century. But after September 11, 2001, with so much else on everyone's minds, "digital politics" seemed a boring sideshow. Technocrats,…

  19. Deciding on PSA-screening - Quality of current consumer information on the Internet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.J. Korfage; R.C.N. van den Bergh; M.L. Essink-Bot

    2010-01-01

    Purpose of the study: Given that screening for prostate cancer has the potential to reduce prostate cancer mortality at the expense of considerable overdiagnosis and overtreatment, the availability of core consumer information - correct, balanced and supportive of autonomous decision-making - is a m

  20. Partners on the Net: FDLP Partnering to Coordinate Remote Access to Internet-Based Government Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldrich, Duncan

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the Government Printing Office (GPO) plan for the transition to an electronic Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) that, through a network of partnerships comprised of the GPO, the National Archives and Records Administration, federal agencies, and FDLP libraries, will increase public access to government information. (JAK)

  1. Earthquake ethics through scientific knowledge, historical memory and societal awareness: the experience of direct internet information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Rubeis, Valerio; Sbarra, Paola; Sebaste, Beppe; Tosi, Patrizia

    2013-04-01

    The experience of collection of data on earthquake effects and diffusion of information to people, carried on through the site "haisentitoilterremoto.it" (didyoufeelit) managed by the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), has evidenced a constantly growing interest by Italian citizens. Started in 2007, the site has collected more than 520,000 compiled intensity questionnaires, producing intensity maps of almost 6,000 earthquakes. One of the most peculiar feature of this experience is constituted by a bi-directional information exchange. Every person can record observed effects of the earthquake and, at the same time, look at the generated maps. Seismologists, on the other side, can find each earthquake described in real time through its effects on the whole territory. In this way people, giving punctual information, receive global information from the community, mediated and interpreted by seismological knowledge. The relationship amongst seismologists, mass media and civil society is, thus, deep and rich. The presence of almost 20,000 permanent subscribers distributed on the whole Italian territory, alerted in case of earthquake, has reinforced the participation: the subscriber is constantly informed by the seismologists, through e-mail, about events occurred in his-her area, even if with very small magnitude. The "alert" service provides the possibility to remember that earthquakes are a phenomenon continuously present, on the other hand it shows that high magnitude events are very rare. This kind of information is helpful as it is fully complementary to that one given by media. We analyze the effects of our activity on society and mass media. The knowledge of seismic phenomena is present in each person, having roots on fear, idea of death and destruction, often with the deep belief of very rare occurrence. This position feeds refusal and repression. When a strong earthquake occurs, surprise immediately changes into shock and desperation. A

  2. Discussion on Information Security Problem in Mobile Internet Era%移动互联网时代信息安全问题浅谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱靖

    2015-01-01

    移动互联网时代智能手机成为人们随时获取信息、传递信息、存储信息的有力工具。但是越来越多的个人隐私信息从手机外泄,被非法利用,个人信息危机重重,安全状况令人担忧。文章主要针对移动互联网时代存在的信息安全问题进行分析,进而提出相关的解决措施,以期提高互联网时代的个人信息安全。%The mobile Internet era of smart phones makes people obtain information at any time,is a powerful tool to convey information,storage information.But a growing number of personal privacy information from mobile phones are leaked,illegally used, personal information crisis,the security situation is worrying.This paper focuses on information security problems of mobile Internet era, and then puts forward relevant solving measures,in order to improve the personal information security of the Internet era.

  3. Qualidade da informação da internet disponível para pacientes em páginas em português Quality of internet information available to patients on websites in Portuguese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Del Giglio

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Pacientes e seus familiares frequentemente procuram na internet informações a respeito de suas doenças. Diabetes mellitus (DM, hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS e infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM são muito prevalentes no Brasil, e informações sobre estas patologias são bastante procuradas na internet. Por isso, buscamos avaliar a qualidade da informação relacionada com estas doenças disponível em português na internet. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas as primeiras 20 páginas em português de cada uma das doenças escolhidas, através do algoritmo de busca do Google®. Como ferramentas para avaliar a qualidade da informação foram utilizados o Discern Questionnarie (DQ e o Health on Net (HON. Para saber se as informações eram adequadas, foram utilizadas as diretrizes (guidelines brasileiras e internacionais para as diferentes comorbidades. RESULTADOS: Ao avaliar o conteúdo das informações disponíveis, 45%, 95%, 85% das páginas continham, respectivamente, a definição de DM, HAS e IAM. Com relação ao diagnóstico e ao tratamento, somente 25% das páginas das três comorbidades apresentavam especificamente esta informação. Somente 15%, 20% e 10% das páginas tinham a certificação pelo HON, respectivamente. Em função do DQ, as páginas obtiveram notas maiores que 50% em 70% das páginas de DM, 65% nas de HAS e 55% nas de IAM. CONCLUSÃO: A informação disponível em português na internet sobre as três patologias escolhidas (DM, HAS e IAM é frequentemente inadequada e insuficiente.OBJECTIVE: Patients and their relatives often look for information about their diseases on the internet. Diabetes mellitus (DM, systemic arterial hypertension (SAH, and acute myocardial infarction (AMI are the most prevalent in Brazil, thus, information on these pathologies is extremely searched for on the internet. For this reason, this study attempted to evaluate the quality of information available in Portuguese on the web

  4. Educational-researching and Information Resources In Interdisciplinary Automated Training System Based On Internet Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. V. Savitskaya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is the study of the functionality of modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment (Moodle to development the informational and educational and educational research resource for training students in the disciplines of natural-scientific and engineer science. Have considered scientific-practical and methodological experience in the development, implementation and use of the interdisciplinary automated training system based on the Moodle system in the educational process. Presented the structure of the typical training course and set out recommendations for the development of information and educational resources different types of lessons and self-study students.Have considered the features of preparation of teaching-research resources of the assignments for lab using the software package MatLab. Also has considered the experience of implementing the discipline “Remote educational technologies and electronic learning in the scientific and the educational activities” for the training of graduate students at the Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia. The proposed an article approaches to the implementation of informational and educational and educational research resources in the interdisciplinary automated training system can be applied for a wide range of similar disciplines of natural-scientific and engineering sciences in a multilevel system of training of graduates.

  5. An assessment of the quality and usability of smoking cessation information on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheh, Julie A; Ribisl, Kurt M; Wildemuth, Barbara M

    2003-07-01

    Little is known about the quality and usability of on-line health information. This analysis evaluated smoking cessation Web sites' content quality and usability. Thirty sites were analyzed to determine their adherence to established tobacco cessation guidelines and their accessibility, usability, credibility, and currency. Most explained addiction (86.7%) and mentioned nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) (93.3%) and social support (93.3%). However, few explained potential side effects of NRT (33.3%) or which smokers should avoid using NRT (30.0%). Two sites advocated substituting smokeless tobacco or herbal cigarettes when quitting, and 16 (53.3%) provided information written at greater than an eighth-grade level. Few sites provided a search mechanism (40.0%) or offered text-only versions (30.0%), and most (83.3%) failed to indicate when content pages were last updated. Most sites adhered to established cessation guidelines. A small subset offered erroneous and potentially harmful information. Applying fundamental design principles would improve accessibility, usability, credibility, and currency.

  6. Costs and benefits of communicating product safety information to the public via the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saoutert, Erwan; Andreasen, Ina

    2006-04-01

    Procter & Gamble (P&G) developed Science-in-the-Box (SIB; www.scienceinthebox.com) after discussions with their stakeholders as to how the consumer products company could better communicate key environmental performance and safety information to the public. A series of workshops enabled P&G to understand that consumers and other key business decision makers wanted meaningful information about the science behind P&G products. In addition, it was clear that making such information available would produce business benefits by encouraging long-term relationships with decision makers ranging from consumers and retailers to policy makers and nongovernmental organizations. These benefits were not necessarily quantifiable in the short term, but they still had to be balanced by the costs in terms of resource commitment and potential intellectual property issues. Since its inception in September 2002, SIB has successfully reached key target audiences and built improved credibility and confidence in P&G products and approaches. The website is now available in English, French, Spanish, German, and Italian and is used by consumers, journalists, teachers, scientists, and policy makers. Several user surveys carried out during the initial developmental period, together with unsolicited e-mail feedback, have demonstrated that SIB has successfully created a platform for continuous dialogue with consumers and other interested parties.

  7. 网上免费学术信息资源的挖掘%Excavation of Free Academic Information Resources on Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈云梅

    2011-01-01

    Free academic information resources in the Internet as a special information resources, it have an important role in promoting academic research and network information resources sharing, the significance to vast Internet users is very great. This paper describes the features and types of network flee academic information resources, and its min- ing and construction are discussed%网上免费学术信息资源作为一种特殊的信息资源,对推动学术研究和网络信息资源共享有着重要作用,对于广大网络用户具有重大的意义。介绍了网上免费学术信息资源的特点和类型.并对其挖掘方式进行了探讨。

  8. [Internet: a fundamental tool for the retrieval of the information useful for medical research and health care in oncology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianciardi, L; D'Agata, A

    2002-02-01

    Internet represents an essential aid for the professional updating of physicians and researches. Also for the research and therapy in oncology, Internet provides important such as bibliographic data, trials and guidelines with full text, as well as epidemiologic and statistical data. Some of the most authoritative sites are indicated.

  9. Science and Technology Undergraduate Students' Use of the Internet, Cell Phones and Social Networking Sites to Access Library Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salisbury, Lutishoor; Laincz, Jozef; Smith, Jeremy J.

    2012-01-01

    Many academic libraries and publishers have developed mobile-optimized versions of their web sites and catalogs. Almost all database vendors and major journal publishers have provided a way to connect to their resources via the Internet and the mobile web. In light of this pervasive use of the Internet, mobile devices and social networking, this…

  10. Internet enlightens; Internet eclaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiredo, S. [IRSN, 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)

    2010-04-15

    This part of the issue gives Internet addresses in relation with nuclear energy, safety, radiation protection in nuclear medicine, legislation, at the national level and European and international level. A special part is devoted to non ionizing radiation. (N.C.)

  11. LIFE ON THE INTERNET

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The fast development of the Internet has not only changed people’s lifestyles but also had a deep impact on social structure the rapidly growing Internet has not only changed ways of collecting and using information,but also exerted a farreaching influence on social

  12. Alimentação saudável: acesso à informação via mapas de navegação na internet Healthy Nutrition: access to information via navigation maps on the internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Ligia Rangel-S

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentam-se e discutem-se os resultados de uma pesquisa realizada com o objetivo de desenvolver uma tecnologia de informação e comunicação via web para a promoção da alimentação saudável, mediante a facilitação do acesso à informação na internet. Buscou-se, mediante entrevistas, conhecer as concepções e identificar demandas e necessidades de informações e conhecimentos sobre o tema, dentre ONGs que trabalham com saúde; e ainda, mapear informações e conhecimentos acerca da alimentação saudável na web, em sítios nacionais. A partir dos resultados, elaboraram-se mapas conceituais, colocados em diálogo mediado pelos pesquisadores, com os saberes dos especialistas. Descreve-se a metodologia utilizada para construir os mapas de navegação orientados por mapas conceituais e discutem-se os desafios da gestão e do acesso à informação e ao conhecimento em saúde na internet. Destaca-se o potencial para deslocar o modelo da oferta de informação para o de construção compartilhada do conhecimento mediada por tecnologias de informação e comunicação.We present and discuss the results of a survey that aimed of develop an information and communication technology in the web in order to promote healthy nutrition, by facilitating access to information on the internet. We sought through interviews, knowing the concepts and identifying demands and needs for information and knowledge on the subject, among NGO's working with health. Besides, mapping information and knowledge about the healthy eating on the web at national sites. From the results, concept maps were prepared, placed in dialogue, mediated by researchers with the knowledge of experts. The paper also describes the methodology used to build navigation maps oriented by concept maps and discusses the challenges of management and access to health information and knowledge on the internet. We highlight the potential to shift the model of supply information for the shared

  13. Egyptian and American Internet-Based Cross-Cultural Information Seeking Behavior. Part I: Research Instrument

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul L. Hover

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is the first of three in an exploratory study of the cross-cultural, cross-language information-seeking (IS behavior of a group of eighty-four academic and public reference librarians from Egypt and the USA. The present article describes the design of the cross-cultural research instrument used to record the behavior of participants when presented with a choice of information resources in several languages unfamiliar to them. A review of literature demonstrates the need in cross-cultural investigations for a multi-tiered approach that allows analysis from different perspectives. A detailed description of the design rationale for the interview model is given, which includes a cultural background questionnaire providing data designed to enable comparative analysis of the search performance of sub-groups. Instructions on how to manage cross-language searches complete the interview. A discussion of the usefulness of the methodology in discerning cultural universals, differences, and the IS needs of cross-cultural researchers is followed by conclusions and suggestions for further research.

  14. A comparison of the quality of the information available on the internet on interventional radiology, vascular surgery, and cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Alsafi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Context and Aims: Internet use is rapidly expanding and increasingly plays a substantial role in patient education. We sought to evaluate and compare the quality of information available to patients online on three closely linked specialties: Interventional radiology (IR, cardiology, and vascular surgery. Materials and Methods: We searched the leading three search engines for the terms: "Interventional Radiology", "cardiology," and "vascular surgery," collating the top 50 hits from each search. After excluding duplicates and irrelevant sites, 43, 25, and 36 sites remained, respectively. Sites were analyzed using the LIDA instrument (an online tool for assessing health-related websites and Fleisch Reading Ease Scores (FRES were compared across the different search terms and correlated with the country of origin and certification by the Health on the Net (HON Foundation. Results: There was no significant difference ( P>0.05 in the total LIDA, accessibility, usability or reliability scores between the three specialties. HONCode certification was associated with higher LIDA (83.1±1.6 vs. 71.53±0.8 ( P<0.0001, reliability (75.7±3.6 vs. 49.0±1.6 ( P<0.0001 and FRES (37.4±4.0 vs. 29.7±1.4 ( P=0.0441. Conclusion: Websites are generally well designed and easy to use; the majority however, lacks currency and reliability. Despite similarity in quality of online information, there is a disparity in knowledge of IR; this may be due to low web-traffic figures of IR sites. Wikipedia′s user-generated content, ranks highly in major search engines, as such; this could serve as means of disseminating reliable health information to patients.

  15. Quality of information available via the internet for patients with head and neck cancer: are we improving?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Best, James; Muzaffar, Jameel; Mitchell-Innes, Alistair

    2015-11-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the type, content, accessibility and quality of information available via the internet for patients with head and neck cancer. The Google search engine was used to generate lists of the first 100 websites for general head and neck cancer and the first ten for head and neck cancers by anatomical location (160 total). Websites were evaluated with the validated DISCERN and LIDA instruments, the SMOG (Simple measure of gobbledygook) readability score and against the JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) criteria. 40 of the 160 websites ranked by Google were suitable for analysis. Seven websites (17.5%) partially or fully achieved all four JAMA benchmarks and only one (2.5%) site achieved none. 28 (70%) included reference to quality of life factors. Correlations were identified between Google site rank and all four of our appraisal tools; LIDA (-0.966, p = 0.006), JAMA (-5.93, p = 0.028), DISCERN (-0.568, p = 0.037) and SMOG (4.678, p = 0.04). Google site rank and both government run sites (-35.38, p = 0.034) and sites run by universities or hospitals (-27.32, p = 0.016) also showed an association. Comparing our observations with those of Riordain in 2008, there has been little improvement in the quality of head and neck cancer information available online over this time. Given the variability in quality of information online, patients would benefit from being directed to reliable websites by clinicians.

  16. Dysfunctional information processing during an auditory event-related potential task in individuals with Internet gaming disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, M; Choi, J-S; Park, S M; Lee, J-Y; Jung, H Y; Sohn, B K; Kim, S N; Kim, D J; Kwon, J S

    2016-01-26

    Internet gaming disorder (IGD) leading to serious impairments in cognitive, psychological and social functions has gradually been increasing. However, very few studies conducted to date have addressed issues related to the event-related potential (ERP) patterns in IGD. Identifying the neurobiological characteristics of IGD is important to elucidate the pathophysiology of this condition. P300 is a useful ERP component for investigating electrophysiological features of the brain. The aims of the present study were to investigate differences between patients with IGD and healthy controls (HCs), with regard to the P300 component of the ERP during an auditory oddball task, and to examine the relationship of this component to the severity of IGD symptoms in identifying the relevant neurophysiological features of IGD. Twenty-six patients diagnosed with IGD and 23 age-, sex-, education- and intelligence quotient-matched HCs participated in this study. During an auditory oddball task, participants had to respond to the rare, deviant tones presented in a sequence of frequent, standard tones. The IGD group exhibited a significant reduction in response to deviant tones compared with the HC group in the P300 amplitudes at the midline centro-parietal electrode regions. We also found a negative correlation between the severity of IGD and P300 amplitudes. The reduced amplitude of the P300 component in an auditory oddball task may reflect dysfunction in auditory information processing and cognitive capabilities in IGD. These findings suggest that reduced P300 amplitudes may be candidate neurobiological marker for IGD.

  17. 物联网与军事物流信息化%Internet of Things and Informational into Military Logistics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘毅

    2013-01-01

    物联网在军事物流中的应用实质是军事物流信息化的建设。物联网推动物资存储向“动态”存储型转变,推动物流运作向“精益”型转变,推动军地物流合作向“军地一体”转变。物联网在军事物流中的应用要正确处理不同技术之间的衔接与互补关系,尽早制定物联网军事物流应用整体规划,大力研发物联网军事物流应用标准和规范、加大物联网技术研发与应用人才培养力度。%The application and construction into military logistics of (Internet Of Things)due to informational construction of military logistics.Applying the IOTs to military logistics is beneficial to driving to dynamic storage,operating carefully and cooperation more deeply.It may also need to deal with new and old technologies rightly and make the whole planning in applying, develop criterions and strengthen the education of talent.

  18. Dysfunctional information processing during an auditory event-related potential task in individuals with Internet gaming disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, M; Choi, J-S; Park, S M; Lee, J-Y; Jung, H Y; Sohn, B K; Kim, S N; Kim, D J; Kwon, J S

    2016-01-01

    Internet gaming disorder (IGD) leading to serious impairments in cognitive, psychological and social functions has gradually been increasing. However, very few studies conducted to date have addressed issues related to the event-related potential (ERP) patterns in IGD. Identifying the neurobiological characteristics of IGD is important to elucidate the pathophysiology of this condition. P300 is a useful ERP component for investigating electrophysiological features of the brain. The aims of the present study were to investigate differences between patients with IGD and healthy controls (HCs), with regard to the P300 component of the ERP during an auditory oddball task, and to examine the relationship of this component to the severity of IGD symptoms in identifying the relevant neurophysiological features of IGD. Twenty-six patients diagnosed with IGD and 23 age-, sex-, education- and intelligence quotient-matched HCs participated in this study. During an auditory oddball task, participants had to respond to the rare, deviant tones presented in a sequence of frequent, standard tones. The IGD group exhibited a significant reduction in response to deviant tones compared with the HC group in the P300 amplitudes at the midline centro-parietal electrode regions. We also found a negative correlation between the severity of IGD and P300 amplitudes. The reduced amplitude of the P300 component in an auditory oddball task may reflect dysfunction in auditory information processing and cognitive capabilities in IGD. These findings suggest that reduced P300 amplitudes may be candidate neurobiological marker for IGD. PMID:26812042

  19. The Objective Model about Disclosure of Accounting Information under the Internet Conditions%Internet网上财务会计信息披露趋势展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张美红

    2001-01-01

    The current disclosure model of accounting information has greatly restricted the realization of accounting objective. It is not far away from the era when we can present periodic accounting information through the internet. The present author attempts to systematically construct the objective model for disclosure of financial accounting information under the internet conditions and pose some measures to be taken.%现行上市公司财务会计信息披露模式严重制约会计目标的实现。根据国际互联网技术发展的趋势和实现会计目标的要求,全面构建网上财务会计信息披露的目标模式,并提出为实现这一目标模式应采取的措施。

  20. Acesso a informações de saúde na internet: uma questão de saúde pública? Access to health information on the internet: a public health issue?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Azevedo Moretti

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avançar no entendimento sobre o perfil do usuário e as tendências de busca por informações de saúde na internet. MÉTODOS: As análises foram feitas a partir de 1.828 indivíduos que responderam a um questionário eletrônico disponibilizado em um portal de saúde de grande acesso. Paralelamente, por meio do método de "survey de elites", 20 especialistas foram entrevistados para avaliar estratégias de controle de qualidade das informações de saúde veiculadas na rede. RESULTADOS: Verificou-se o predomínio de usuários do gênero feminino que buscam informações para própria saúde(= 90%, que consideram a internet uma de suas principais fontes de informação em saúde (86% e passam de 5 a 35 horas na web por semana (62%. Atribui-se alta confiança às informações vindas de especialistas (76% e baixa confiança na televisão, rádio ou blogs (14%. CONCLUSãO: Conclui-se que a internet tem-se mostrado uma fonte de informação em saúde de grande relevância para população e que a certificação de sites é uma estratégia a ser considerada, na perspectiva de melhoria da qualidade das informações e promoção da saúde pública.OBJECTIVE: To progress in the understanding of the user profile and of search trends for health information on the internet. METHODS: Analyses were performed based on 1,828 individuals who completed an electronic questionnaire available on a very popular health website. At the same time, through the "elite survey" method, 20 specialists were interviewed, aiming at assessing quality control strategies regarding health information disseminated online. RESULTS: A predominance of female users who research information for themselves (= 90%, who consider the internet one of their main sources of health information (86%, and who spend from 5 to 35 hours online every week (62% was verified. High reliability is assigned to information from specialists (76%, and low reliability to television, radio, or

  1. Internet and forensic science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamakura, Reddy P.

    1997-02-01

    The Internet is a very powerful and inexpensive tool that was created for the free distribution of knowledge and information. The Internet is a learning tool, a research tool, a virtual library without borders and membership requirements, a journal with instant publication, a help desk, and a newspaper/journal with current information. Very soon, when live audio and video transmission is perfected, the Internet also will be a live classroom and everyday conference. Forensic scientists, laboratories and colleges should make use of information already available on the Internet. They also should actively participate and contribute. Very few forensic scientists and laboratories have made their presence felt by setting up their home pages/web pages. But, there is tremendous growth during the past year. Immense benefits from Internet to forensic community are discussed along with the author's personal experience. Creating on-line searchable data bases in all specialties of forensic science is an urgent need. Leading forensic journals should take a lead and create on-line searchable indexes with abstracts. On line electronic publishing, collaborative research/paper publishing or editing is easy, fast, economical and convenient through the use of the Internet. Creation of Internet repositories of unpublished papers is an idea worth looking into. Internet also can be used to give training, re-training or advanced training to students/forensic scientists.

  2. 移动互联网信息安全威胁与漏洞分析%Analysis of Mobile Internet Information Security Threats and Vulnerabilities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李勇

    2014-01-01

    With the convergence of communication and Internet technologies, mobile Internet develops quickly and has become the hot topic of industry and academic community. More and more smart mobile devices are produced and new mobile Internet business is created, at the same time, mobile Internet is fa-cing more new security threats. This paper summarizes the threats to end users, enterprise information se-curity, network infrastructure and national information security, analyses the information security vulnera-bilities from aspects of network access, mobile operating system, mobile application and end users, finally emphasizes the importance of the whole industry chain for working together to maintain a secure mobile In-ternet ecosystem.%随着通信技术和互联网技术的深度融合,移动互联网快速发展,无疑已成为业界和学术界共同关注的热点。但伴随着智能移动终端的普及和移动互联网业务的不断创新,移动互联网也面临着新的安全威胁。总结了移动互联网给终端用户、企业信息安全、网络基础设施和国家信息安全带来的威胁,并从入网方式、移动操作系统、移动应用和终端用户四个方面分析移动互联网目前存在的信息安全漏洞,强调整个产业链必须共同努力来构建移动互联网信息安全体系。

  3. Effect Of Perception Use Of Information Technology Safety And Perception Of Interest Trust Online Trading System Using Internet Banking Study Empris In Bri Bank Branch Office Tangerang 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endraria

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine and analyze the influence of the perception of the use of information technology to transact online interests perceptions of comfort against the interest of transacting online trust in transacting online interest the perception of the use of information technology the perception of comfort and confidence simultaneously affect the interest of transacting online using internet system banking Empris Studies at Bank BRI Branch Office Tangerang 2014. With usability Theoretical where research results can be used to enrich the study of accounting keprilakuan in particular and science in general accounting uses for which the Bank can enrich the concept or theory in its contribution to the development of science so useful as a reference for those who need both from within Bank and outside the institution itself and able to provide input to what extent the perception of the use of information technology the perception of comfort and confidence can give a positive contribution to the interests transact online using internet banking system Study Empris at Bank BRI Branch Office Tangerang 2014 and usability for the Government where the results of this study are expected to be used as a correction and input the extent to which the perception of the use of information technology the perception of comfort and confidence can give a positive contribution to the interests transact online using internet banking system Study Empris at Bank BRI Branch Office Tangerang 2014 especially in the City Tangerang. The hypothesis proposed in this study in which there is significant influence use of information technology to transact interest perceptions of comfort on the interest on the interest of trust online transacting online transactions simultaneous perception of the use of information technology the perception of comfort and confidence in the interests transact online using Internet Banking System Study Empris Bank BRI

  4. Anomaly detection for internet surveillance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouma, H.; Raaijmakers, S.A.; Halma, A.H.R.; Wedemeijer, H.

    2012-01-01

    Many threats in the real world can be related to activity of persons on the internet. Internet surveillance aims to predict and prevent attacks and to assist in finding suspects based on information from the web. However, the amount of data on the internet rapidly increases and it is time consuming

  5. Special Reports. Adventures with E-Books: 2001 in Review; Internet Speed, Library Know-How Intersect in Digital Reference; Libraries, Publishers, Authors, Scholars Jointly Explore Internet Publishing Boundaries; Applying the Principles of Intellectual Freedom: A Cross-Cultural Comparison; Dissemination of Government Information; Copyright 2001: Exploring the Implications of Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Dennis; Rockman, Ilene F.; Valauskas, Edward J.; Haycock, Ken; Mallette, Michelle; Olsen, Anne; Relyea, Harold C.; Oakley, Robert L.

    2002-01-01

    These five reports discuss electronic books; the Internet speed and digital reference; Internet publishing from the perspectives of libraries, publishers, authors, and scholars; a cross-cultural comparison of intellectual freedom in the United States and Canada; dissemination of government information; and the implications of technology for…

  6. Empowering the impaired through the appropriate use of Information Technology and Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanyal, Ishita

    2006-01-01

    to experiment with machine more easily than with society and people. * Computer provides them the needed education and information needed for their further developments. * Computers provide them facilities to interact with others and form self-help groups. * Computers also enabled them to earn their livelihood. Thus this modern gadget, which is sometimes believed to make a man loner, has been actually acting as the bridge between the persons suffering from mental illness to the society in general. The disabled person also gains confidence and courage as they gain control over the machine. Gaining control over the machine helps them to gain control over their life. The product of Science and technology has been seen to revolutionized Human Life not only in material level but also on personal level- helping the disabled to gain control over their lives.

  7. Sports information management based on Internet of things technology%基于物联网技术的体育信息管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦勇

    2016-01-01

    文章旨在应用物联网技术实现体育信息管理,体现现代化体育信息管理的网络化和信息化,推动体育事业的全面发展和进步。通过对体育信息管理的各个层次进行分析,支出体育信息管理存在的信息资源建设层、信息资源共享层以及信息规划层。结合物联网技术的架构,将信息的交换通讯过程实现,结合物联网的定位跟踪过程,注重物联网的监督管理,做好信息技术的移动。在物联网技术下的体育信息管理,对模型构建,做好体育信息的采集和记录工作,并在体育信息可伸缩性体现过程,结合可扩展性以及互操作性的特点,对开放性的信息共享平台保障,实现信息的互联互通,将体育信息应用的有效性实现,并做好网络架构模式的有效应用。基于物联网技术的体育信息管理中,实现了网络化和数字化的信息管理,并完善了体育信息产业的有效管理模式。%The article is aimed at the application of the Internet of things technology to realize the sports information management, the modern sports information management network and information, and promote the comprehensive development and progress of sports. Through the analysis of the various levels of sports information management, the information resources construction, information resource sharing layer and information management of the existence of sports information management are analyzed. With the architecture of the Internet of things technology, the exchange of information is realized, the positioning and tracking process of the Internet of things, and the supervision and management of the Internet of things. Sports information management in the Internet of things, the model construction, the collection and recording of sports information, and sports information in the process, combined with the characteristics of scalability and interoperability, open information

  8. The effectiveness of Internet advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Shpekht, Nikita

    2016-01-01

    The work on topic of The effectiveness of Internet advertising focuses on Internet advertising, which we use to advertise products and services, attracting new customers and increase total sales. The first part is presenting the basics of Internet advertising, describing different types of Internet advertising, their possibilities and restrictions. There are also presenting payment models for online advertising. The practical part is procesed on information from theoretical part for p...

  9. What Influences Children's and Adolescents' Understanding of the Complexity of the Internet?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Zheng

    2006-01-01

    This study aimed at analyzing complex relationships among Internet use, Internet users, and conceptual understanding of the Internet. It used path models to examine factors related to Internet use (duration of Internet use, frequency of Internet use, and informal Internet classes) and Internet users (age and gender) in affecting understanding of…

  10. Study of effectiveness of e-marketing effectiveness given impact of Internet and communications and information technology on attracting tourists (Case Study: Tehran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Asiabani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A unique feature of the industrial revolution that brought the world to the information age was information and communication technology that emerged with the advent of the Internet. This phenomenon enabled a new type of communication and interaction and a new age has in marketing. Therefore, this research aimed to study emarketing effectiveness with regard to the role of the Internet and information and communication technology in attracting tourists to Tehran by which to study the impact and efficiency of e-marketing capabilities on the attraction of more tourists in terms of the role of the Internet and information and communication technology in upgrading the performance of customer relationship and organizational performance. For this purpose, hypotheses were developed and based on them, statistical analysis was performed. The research was applied in terms of objectives, and based on how the data is collected, it was descriptive/analytical. Given it was a case study of agencies in Tehran province and given there are large number of agencies in Tehran, agencies of a district were randomly selected as the statistical population and using simple randomized sampling method, and based on Cochran formula, 281 cases were selected as sample. For test of hypotheses and model indices, a questionnaire consisting of 20 questions on five-point Likert scale was used. To assess content validity and to assess the reliability, Cronbach's alpha coefficient was calculated and finally the data were analyzed using statistical software spss.

  11. 大学生网络信息辨识能力培养%College Students' Identification Capability for Internet Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张挺; 高飞

    2016-01-01

    In the network age, internet information has become the major channel for undergraduates to get various entertainments and massive information and knowledge. Although the internet provides enormous help to student's study and social life, it could also bring negative impact to the college students' ideological and political education work. It's important for us to research and discuss how to improve the identification capability of internet information. This article mainly focuses on a comprehensive study about social environment, school education and personal development trend, which will improve students' information identification capability.%网络时代,网络信息成为大学生了解社会的重要渠道.网络为学生提供了丰富的信息资源,为学习生活带来便利,但也给高校思想政治教育和学生管理带来诸多问题.提升大学生网络信息辨识能力,已成为加强大学生思想政治教育工作的重要举措,要从社会环境、高校教育和个人发展三个角度展开,来帮助学生建立积极客观的认知、分析、运用网络信息的能力.

  12. 能源互联网环境下的信息经济学初探%A Preliminary Investigation on Information Economics in Energy Internet Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪琳娜; 文福拴; 尚金成; 何洋

    2016-01-01

    信息系统是能源互联网的重要组成部分,能源互联网环境下的信息经济学是相关的一个有待研究的重要问题。在此背景下,展望了信息经济学在能源互联网信息经济研究中的应用前景,并试图建立相关的研究框架。首先总结了国内外现有的对能源互联网比较典型的定义,在此基础上展望了能源互联网环境下信息系统的基本架构、功能和运行机制。之后,概述了信息经济学的一些主流理论与方法。最后,从信息价值增值、信息价值评估、信息增值服务模式、基于信息的博弈分析和机制设计等几个方面,探讨了能源互联网环境下信息经济学需要研究的问题。%Information system represents important part of energy internet, and related information economics in energy internet environment is an important topic to systematically investigate. Given this background, a preliminary investigation on information economics in energy internet environment is carried out with attempt of establishing a research framework. First, existing energy internet definitions are summarized, and on this basis a prospect on infrastructure, function and operation condition of information system in energy internet is presented. Subsequently, some well-established theories and methods of information economics are briefly clarified. Finally, some issues to be investigated are addressed, including information value-addition and evaluation, information value-addition service mode, information based game analysis and mechanism design.

  13. Rumors and Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RENARD, Jean-Bruno

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper will address the rumors and the Internet in two ways: rumors as the subject of the Internet and the Internet as a channel of dissemination of rumors. We define rumors in a broadly way as an unverified information circulating within a social group. In a strict sense, rumors can be understand as false information that people believe. A rumor is an urban myth, a legend, a hoax, or a contemporary narrative, a tale of everyday life, false or dubious, but in which we believed because it is likely, and it conveys a moral message.

  14. ENTREPRENEURIAL BEHAVIOR OF INTERNET KIOSK OWNERS OPERATING IN THE INFORMAL ECONOMY IN A BRAZILIAN SLUM: THE CASE OF ROCINHA IN RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joysinett Moraes da Silva

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to investigate the characteristics, behaviors, motivations to start a business and the managerial practice of entrepreneurs, owners of internet kiosks, operating in the context of the informal economy in Rocinha, the biggest slum in Brazil, where 90.9% of businesses are informal. The Thematic Apperception Test used by McClelland serves the purpose of this research. The instrument used in this survey was adapted for Brazil. From the 92 internet kiosk entrepreneurs in Rocinha, 44 responded to the TAT questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0. The analysis suggests that the behavior of the entrepreneurs in Rocinha match the entrepreneurial characteristics proposed by McClelland and their main motivations are seeking opportunities and increasing income and try to meet customers’ needs and have a low perception of service differentiation.

  15. Internet Governance and National Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    during preparations for the World Summit for the Information Society (WSIS),54 when significant opposition to the current Internet governance began to... Information Society will occur in 2015. 52. H.Zhao,“ITUandInternetGovernance—Inputtothe7thmeetingoftheITUCouncilWork­ ing Group on WSIS, 12–14 December 2004...Reich (New York: Palgrave, 2010). 54. The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) and its spin-off, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), are the

  16. Internet economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders; Skouby, Knud Erik; Øst, Alexander Gorm

    1997-01-01

    A paper on the economics of the Internet with respect to end user pricing and pricing og interconnect.......A paper on the economics of the Internet with respect to end user pricing and pricing og interconnect....

  17. Internet Economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders; Skouby, Knud Erik; Øst, Alexander Gorm

    1998-01-01

    Article descibing and analysing the influence of the commercialisation of Internet on end-user and interconnect pricing.......Article descibing and analysing the influence of the commercialisation of Internet on end-user and interconnect pricing....

  18. 互联网信息发布系统设计%Design on Internet Information Publication System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王效武; 刘英

    2013-01-01

    This information publication system, with internet application service platform, such as e-mail, micro-blog, sends information to the target user; with web crawler technology and keyword matching, collects accounts and addessess automatically; with email’s automatic activiation of account and identification-code recognition technology, solves the technical problems of automatic registration and login. The system realizes the edition and batch release of email, releases information through REST API of various microblog interfaces, such as sina, Tencent. The system software framework adopts three-layer structure,the base layer functions the adaptation of read/write and access to the database, and basic transport protocol stack as well;the supporting layer, independent of specific protocol, implements business logic; the presentation layer completes the man-machine interface presentation.%系统利用邮件、微博等互联网业务平台,向目标用户发布信息。采用网络爬虫技术和关键词匹配解决帐号、地址的自动采集,通过邮件自动激活账号和验证码识别技术突破自动注册和登陆等主要技术难点。系统实现了电子邮件的编辑和批量发布;利用新浪、腾讯等多种微博的REST API完成微博信息的发布。系统软件框架设计为三层复用结构,基础层功能包括数据库的读写访问适配,以及基础传送协议栈;支撑层独立于具体协议实现业务逻辑;表现层完成人机交互界面呈现。

  19. Developing the Internet of Things to Promote the Profound Integration of Information Technology and Industrialization%物联网与两化的融合研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    党中楼

    2012-01-01

    物联网本身具有多种信息化技术手段,是信息化高度发展的产物。物联网与两化融合发展是衡量一个国家和地区综合实力的重要标志,也是我国落实科学发展的重要手段。物联网和两化融合既有各自影响因素,又有影响机制,需要在物联网与两化融合关系模型的基础上认真分析。推进两化融合深度、促进两化融合发展、规划两化融合进程、扩大两化融合范围、提速两化融合进程是我国两化融合努力的方向。%Internet of Things, which own contains varieties of information technology, is the product of highly developed informa-tion technology. It is an important symbol to measure the comprehensive strength of a country or a region, and is an important means to implement the scientific development, that is the development of both Internet of Things and Integration of Information Technology and Industrialization. We need carefully analyze based on the relational model of Internet of Things and the Integration, that's because there are respective impact factors of their own and the impact mechanisms both Internet of Things and the Integration. Deepening the depth, promoting the development, planning the process, expanding the scope and speeding up the process of the Integration, is the direction of China's Integration of Information Technology and Industrialization.

  20. Impacto da Internet no fluxo da comunicação científica em saúde Impact of the Internet on communication flow of scientific health information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina C Figueiredo Castro

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Com o advento da Internet e das novas tecnologias houve uma reestruturação do fluxo da comunicação científica, assim como das relações sociais no mundo. A produção de conhecimento científico também foi influenciada por essas mudanças culturais, econômicas e sociais e contribuiu para transformar os padrões de comunicação científica. O objetivo do estudo é apresentar o modelo de comunicação tradicional e sua evolução para a comunicação científica eletrônica, estimulada pelo uso de meios eletrônicos e da Internet e pelo compartilhamento em rede. Enquanto o modelo tradicional está voltado para a publicação impressa, o novo modelo propõe a publicação eletrônica e o acesso livre e irrestrito ao material publicado. Os desafios consistem na utilização de todas as potencialidades dos meios de comunicação eletrônicos para aprimorar aspectos positivos do fluxo de comunicação científica tradicional e na definição de políticas que sustentem a nova estrutura do fluxo de comunicação científica, garantindo a qualidade, preservação e disseminação da informação como bem público.Communication flow of scientific information has been restructured with the development of new technologies and the Internet and their impact on social relations worldwide. The production of scientific knowledge has also been influenced by these cultural, social and economic changes and has contributed to new patterns of scientific communication. The objective of the study was to present the traditional scientific communication model and its evolution to electronic scientific communication stimulated by the use of electronic media and Internet and networking. While the traditional model is based on printed publications, the new one focuses on electronic publishing and open unlimited access to published literature. The challenges faced are in using all the potential of electronic media for improving traditional communication flow of

  1. Internet marketing

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    In the bachelor thesis are introduced theoretical concepts of the Internet and marketing, accented the need of marketing mix along with its specifics of the internet environment. Next is interpreted which tools can be used for marketing of firms and which marketing instruments are to be deployed. Final chapter illustrates socio-demographics of Czech internet users along with media market allocation from the perspective of all media as well as in the segment of the Internet.

  2. Evaluating Internet Health Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... content requires the Adobe Flash Player and a JavaScript-enabled browser. It seems JavaScript is disabled in your browser settings. Please enable JavaScript and reload this page, or use a different ...

  3. Internet Accounting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pras, Aiko; Beijnum, van Bert-Jan; Sprenkels, Ron; Párhonyi, Robert

    2001-01-01

    This article provides an introduction to Internet accounting and discusses the status of related work within the IETF and IRTF, as well as certain research projects. Internet accounting is different from accounting in POTS. To understand Internet accounting, it is important to answer questions like

  4. Transition from in library use of resources to outside library use: the impact of the Internet on information seeking behavior of medical students and faculty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Donghua; Demiris, George; Graves, Rebecca S; Sievert, MaryEllen

    2003-01-01

    Advances in information technology have introduced both new capabilities and interesting challenges in accessing medical literature. More and more information resources exist in electronic format, such as online databases, journals, books, etc. instead of the traditional print format. In late 1998, there were thirty-five journal titles available online; in 2001, the number rose to over 4,000.1 Desk-top access to online resources is changing library use patterns, which challenges libraries to adjust to this transformed information access environment. Studies of the impact of the internet on information seeking behavior of users in medical environments could provide very valuable information for medical libraries seeking to adapt to this rapid and great evolution. This study aims to explore the impact of the Internet on information seeking behavior of medical students and faculty and their medical library use, to address the possible reasons for this change of information seeking behavior, and to identify the measures essential to the transition from traditional in-library use of resources to remote access. This study is conducted in two phases.

  5. Health literacy, health information seeking behaviors and internet use among patients attending a private and public clinic in the same geographic area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, Natalia; Kindratt, Tiffany B; Pagels, Patti; Foster, Barbara; Gimpel, Nora E

    2014-02-01

    Despite the growing body of health information available online, patients with limited health literacy may lack either internet access or skills necessary to utilize this information. Nonetheless, patients at all health literacy levels may prefer other primary sources to obtain health information. We conducted a cross-sectional study to measure health literacy of patients attending two clinics in Dallas, TX and determine associations between health literacy, health information access and internet usage before and after controlling for confounders. Patients from both clinics (county N = 265; private N = 233) completed a brief survey which included sociodemographics, internet patterns, confidence in filling out medical forms and a self-administered Newest Vital Sign to measure health literacy. In the county clinic, most patients (61.5 %) were Hispanic, had low income (literacy (68.5 %). In the private clinic, participants were mostly black (40.4 %) or white (38.6 %), had higher incomes (≥$46,000), higher education (technical college or college) and adequate health literacy (75.1 %). The primary source of obtaining health information in both clinics was their health care professional (50.6 % county; 40.1 % private). In multivariate analyses to determine differences by health literacy level, there were no statistically significant differences between patients with limited and adequate health literacy and their primary information source. Regardless of health literacy, patients rely on their health care providers to obtain health information. These results showcase the importance of providers' effective communication with patients to make shared decisions about their health regardless of other factors.

  6. The new Internet tool: the information and evaluation system by flight, of exposure to cosmic radiation in the new air transports S.I.E.V.E.R.T; Un nouvel outil internet: le systeme d'information et d'evaluation par vol, de l'exposition au rayonnement cosmique dans les transports aeriens SIEVERT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    In France, the public authorities put a new Internet tool at air companies disposal, in order they can evaluate the radiations doses received by their flying crews during their flights. This tool called information and evaluation system by flight of exposure to cosmic radiation in air transport (S.I.E.V.E.R.T.). (N.C.)

  7. Is the Internet a useful and relevant source for health and health care information retrieval for German cardiothoracic patients? First results from a prospective survey among 255 Patients at a German cardiothoracic surgical clinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diez Claudius

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is not clear how prevalent Internet use among cardiopathic patients in Germany is and what impact it has on the health care utilisation. We measured the extent of Internet use among cardiopathic patients and examined the effects that Internet use has on users' knowledge about their cardiac disease, health care matters and their use of the health care system. Methods We conducted a prospective survey among 255 cardiopathic patients at a German university hospital. Results Forty seven respondents (18 % used the internet and 8,8 % (n = 23 went online more than 20 hours per month. The most frequent reason for not using the internet was disinterest (52,3 %. Fourteen patients (5,4 % searched for specific disease-related information and valued the retrieved information on an analogous scale (1 = not relevant, 5 = very relevant on median with 4,0. Internet use is age and education dependent. Only 36 (14,1 % respondents found the internet useful, whereas the vast majority would not use it. Electronic scheduling for ambulatory visits or postoperative telemedical monitoring were rather disapproved. Conclusion We conclude that Internet use is infrequent among our study population and the search for relevant health and disease related information is not well established.

  8. Renewable energy sources, the internet of things and the third industrial revolution: Smart grid and contemporary information and communication technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitsios, Aristidis; Bousakas, Konstantinos; Salame, Takla; Bogno, Bachirou; Papageorgas, Panagiotis; Vokas, Georgios A.; Mauffay, Fabrice; Petit, Pierre; Aillerie, Michel; Charles, Jean-Pierre

    2017-02-01

    In this paper, the energy efficiency of a contemporary Smart Grid that is based on Distributed Renewable Energy Sources (DRES) is examined under the scope of the communication systems utilized between the energy loads and the energy sources. What is evident is that the Internet of Things (IoT) technologies that are based on the existing Web infrastructure can be heavily introduced in this direction especially when combined with long range low bandwidth networking technologies, power line communication technologies and optimization methodologies for renewable energy generation. The renewable energy generation optimization will be based on devices embedded in the PV panels and the wind power generators, which will rely on bidirectional communications with local gateways and remote control stations for achieving energy efficiency. Smart meters and DRES combined with IoT communications will be the enabling technologies for the ultimate fusion of Internet technology and renewable energy generation realizing the Energy Internet.

  9. Innovativeness and Variety of Internet Shopping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Brian F.; Neuendorf, Kimberly A.; Valdiserri, Colin M.

    2003-01-01

    This survey of 208 Internet users examined the factors underlying Internet usage and shopping. Data were gathered on Information shopping (IS) innovativeness, overall IS frequency, visit variety, purchase variety, network prevalence, education, age, gender, employment, extensiveness of Internet use, and non-shopping Internet applications. (MES)

  10. Application of the Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Xiaming; Zhang, Guoqing

    2011-12-01

    The Internet of Things is not yet very widespread, many people have little information about Internet of things. But, for magical properties of the Internet of things , its appearance immediately aroused people's great interest. This paper, aiming application of the Internet of Things , use AHP to analyze and look forward to prospects of IOT in many fields.

  11. Depth Analysis Method of Internet Scientific Information%网上科技信息深度分析方法及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丛培民

    2012-01-01

    对网上科技信息进行专业化聚合,实现定制分享和态势分析,营造有利于知识发现的研究环境,已成为知识创新和科技管理所面对的重要课题.因此,在分析科技工作者对科技领域公共信息搜索需求的基础上,借鉴行业搜索模式,设计运用垂直搜索引擎等技术手段聚合网上科技信息资源,构建科技信息资源库和共享平台.探讨为科技工作者提供网上科技资源搜索以及科技信息深度分析服务的方法,为知识创新服务.%To professional polymerization the internet technology information and realize public data sharing, and to create knowledge-benefit environment through internet S&T information trend analyzing, has become a subject that scientific management and knowledge innovation must face. So, based on analyzing the scientific workers' demand for public information search in S&T area, draw lessons from industry search mode, design and apply vertical search engine technology polymerizes internet technology information resources, constructs S&T information resources database and network public data sharing platform. It also explores and discusses, through the establishment of S&T information network situation analysis, contributing to the knowledge innovation.

  12. Does Internet Reporting Improve the Accessibility of Financial Information in a Global World? A Comparative Study of New Zealand and Indian Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bikram Chatterjee

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The accessibility of business reporting, including financial reports on companywebsites is not necessarily increased by providing more information on websites. Thequality of Internet-based information is affected by both the accessibility and quantityof information provided. However, the accessibility of the information is an underresearched area. This paper contributes to the existing body of knowledge on webbasedbusiness reporting, by considering the dimension of accessibility in terms ofwebsite appearance and visual design from four different perspectives. The aim is toconsider the differences that occur in website organisation as a way of considering theaccessibility of information provided on company websites. The paper considers thedifferences in the accessibility of website information between New Zealand andIndian companies as a means of demonstrating the variation that can occur acrosscountries as well as within the same reporting structure. We conclude that Internetfinancial reporting does provide the illusion of comparability but without a moresustained focus on the harmonisation of terminology and attributes included inInternet reporting, the potential for comparison is reduced.

  13. Sharing Health Information and Influencing Behavioral Intentions: The Role of Health Literacy, Information Overload, and the Internet in the Diffusion of Healthy Heart Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crook, Brittani; Stephens, Keri K; Pastorek, Angie E; Mackert, Michael; Donovan, Erin E

    2016-01-01

    Low health literacy remains an extremely common and problematic issue, given that individuals with lower health literacy are more likely to experience health challenges and negative health outcomes. In this study, we use the first three stages of the innovation-decision process found in the theory of diffusion of innovations (Rogers, 2003). We incorporate health literacy into a model explaining how perceived health knowledge, information sharing, attitudes, and behavior are related. Results show that health information sharing explains 33% of the variance in behavioral intentions, indicating that the communicative practice of sharing information can positively impact health outcomes. Further, individuals with high health literacy tend to share less information about heart health than those with lower health literacy. Findings also reveal that perceived heart-health knowledge operates differently than health literacy to predict health outcomes.

  14. Evaluation Capacity-Building of Internet Information Credibility%互联网信息可信性评价能力培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞俊杰

    2012-01-01

    日益丰富的互联网学术信息资源作为图书馆文献资源的有益补充,已成为用户信息资源获取的重要渠道。面对互联网庞杂无序的信息资源,图书馆用户信息评价能力的缺失为正确、合理、有效地利用互联网信息带来了障碍。用户互联网可信性评价能力可分为信息检索能力、信息认知能力和信息判断能力。图书馆应从提高用户信息检索能力、分析互联网用户的知识分享动机、掌握常用的互联网信息外部特征分析途径等方面,培养用户的信息可信性评价能力。%As the useful supplement to library literature resources, increasingly rich intemet academic information resources become the important channel of users accessing to information resources. Facing the chaotic information resources an internet, libraries are lack of the evaluation capacity of credibility users,it brings the barrier for the correct, reasonable and effective utilization of the intemet information. The evaluation capacity of the intemet information credibility of users could be divided into the information retrieval ability, the information cognitive ability and the information judgment ability. Libraries should bring up the evaluation capacity of the information credibility of users from following aspects: improving user's information retrieval capabilities, analyzing the knowledge sharing motivation of intemet users, mastering common analytical approaches of external characteristics of internet information.

  15. 基于移动Agent技术的Internet模糊信息服务模型%An Internet Fuzzy Information Service Model Base on Mobile Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周斌; 杨文春; 丁永生

    2001-01-01

    This paper proposes an Internet fuzzy information service modelbased on Mobile Agent technology. It describes the overall frame and architecture of the model, the fuzzy indexing algorithm used for intelligent search through Internet, and implementation of a software platform for the model with Java language, which proves effective in experiments.%提出一种基于移动Agent技术的Internet模糊信息服务模型,讨论了其总体工作框架和结构。将模糊检索算法用于Internet信息的智能搜索,给出了信息检索系统的设计方法。用Java语言实现该模型的软件平台,通过实验验证了其可行性。

  16. Conference "Internet, Web, What's next?" on 26 June 1998 at CERN : Robert Verrue, Director general of the DGXIII of the European Commission, responsible for telecommunication in Europe, outlines the Commission's vision on the Information Society in Europe

    CERN Multimedia

    1998-01-01

    Conference "Internet, Web, What's next?" on 26 June 1998 at CERN : Robert Verrue, Director general of the DGXIII of the European Commission, responsible for telecommunication in Europe, outlines the Commission's vision on the Information Society in Europe

  17. The Search for Extension: 7 Steps to Help People Find Research-Based Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Paul; Rader, Heidi B.; Hino, Jeff

    2012-01-01

    For Extension's unbiased, research-based content to be found by people searching the Internet, it needs to be organized in a way conducive to the ranking criteria of a search engine. With proper web design and search engine optimization techniques, Extension's content can be found, recognized, and properly indexed by search engines and…

  18. INTERNET: MONITORED FREEDOM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Kuschnaroff Contreras

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Internet is a phenomenal research and information tool. It has entered the lives of people in an extremely fast way, offering a sense of freedom, and discoveries. This study presents the Internet usage in organizations, along with the use of equipment and information systems supplied by the employer and personal Internet usage at work. The subjects of the present research are businesspeople chosen among employees with a university degree in companies in the City of Curitiba, in the State of Paraná, with leading, managerial or operational occupations, with access to the Internet in their offices as well as at home. The study proposal consists of a critical analysis on the theme.

  19. La búsqueda de información científica sobre las Ciencias de la Nutrición en Internet Searching on internet for scientific information related to nutritional sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Sanz-Valero

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo quiere explicar y discutir la importancia de Internet en el almacenamiento y recuperación de la documentación científica y sobretodo destacar la importancia que tienen las Palabras Clave, utilizadas como descriptores, en la correcta indización de los documentos. Así mismo, mostrar el buen uso de las bases de datos bibliográficas y la necesidad de conocer su estructura jerárquica, su tesaurus, para obtener unos resultados pertinentes. En algunas circunstancias, para poder interrogar adecuadamente estas bases de datos, será necesario la formulación de ecuaciones de búsqueda, filtros, de mayor complejidad.This paper intends to explain and discuss Internet's importance in storing and retrieving scientific information and especially to stress how relevant are keywords used as Medical Subject Heading in the proper indexation of documents. In addition, it presents the correct usage of references' databases and the need to know its hierarchical structure, its thesaurus, to gather adequate results. In some circumstances, in order to search thoroughly these databases, it would be necessary to formulate more complex search equations - with filters.

  20. Selection and Reliability of Information Resources on the Internet Internet Üzerindeki Bilgi Kaynaklarının Seçimi ve Değerlendirilmesie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şemsa Olşen

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available Due to the rapid growth of networked information resources, more and more libraries are adding such resources into their collections. In order to choose the electronic information resources for their collections, selecting and evaluating criteria should be applied by the libraries. In this paper, the evaluation and selection criteria such as authority, scope, content, graphic and multimedia design, purpose and audience, ease of use and cost are examined. In addition, different methods and techniques used to make a decision as to the effectiveness of the networked information resources are also briefly discussed. Elektronik ortamdaki bilgi kaynaklarının hızla artmasıyla birlikte kütüphanelerin Internet üzerindeki bilgi kaynaklarını kendi dermelerine dahil etme çalışmalarına başladıkları görülmektedir. Ancak bu kaynakların koleksiyona katılmadan önce değerlendirilmesi gerekmektedir. Değerlendirme sunasında bir çok kriter temel alınabilir. Bu makalede Internet üzerindeki bilgi kaynakları derme geliştirme bağlamında, otorite, konu, içerik, grafik ve çoklu ortam düzeni, amaç ve hitap ettiği kesim, kullanım kolaylığı, ve maliyet kriterleri açısından ele alınmaktadır. Ayrıca elektronik ortamdaki kaynakların faydasını (effectiveness ölçmede kullanılan metodlardan bazıları irdelenmektedir.

  1. Parent's Guide to the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Paulette

    This booklet provides parents with basic information about how to use the computer to find information and communicate with others. It describes what is needed to get started on the Internet and points to some of the many resources available online for parents and children. The book discusses: a brief definition of the Internet, including what the…

  2. [Internet addiction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korkeila, Jyrki

    2012-01-01

    Internet addiction is defined as uncontrolled and harmful use of Internet, which manifests in three forms: gaming, various sexual activities and excessive use of emails, chats or SMS messaging. Several studies have found that abuse of alcohol and other substances, depression and other health problems are associated with Internet addiction. In boys and men depression may be more a consequence of the addiction than a cause for it. ADHD seems to be a significant background factor for developing the condition. Because it is almost impossible to lead a life without Internet and computers nowadays, it is unrealistic to aim towards full abstinence. Treatment has generally followed the guidelines adapted for pathological gambling.

  3. Statistical Information of the Increased Demand for Watch the VOD with the Increased Sophistication in the Mobile Devices,Communications and Internet Penetration in Asia

    CERN Document Server

    Alomari, Saleh Ali

    2011-01-01

    As the rapid progress of the media streaming applications such as video streaming can be classified into two types of streaming, Live video streaming, Video on Demand (VoD). Live video streaming is a service which allows the clients to watch many TV channels over the internet and the clients able to use one operation to perform is to switch the channels. Video on Demand (VoD) is one of the most important applications for the internet of the future and has become an interactive multimedia service which allows the users to start watching the video of their choice at anytime and anywhere, especially after the rapid deployment of the wireless networks and mobile devices. In this paper provide statistical information about the Internet, communications and mobile devices etc. This has led to an increased demand for the development, communication and computational powers of many of the mobile wireless subscribers/mobile devices such as laptops, PDAs, smart phones and notebook. These techniques are utilized to obtain...

  4. Statistical Information of the Increased Demand for Watch the VOD with the Increased Sophistication in the Mobile Devices,Communications and Internet Penetration in Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saleh Ali Alomari

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As the rapid progress of the media streaming applications such as video streaming can be classified intotwo types of streaming, Live video streaming, Video on Demand (VoD. Live video streaming is a servicewhich allows the clients to watch many TV channels over the internet and the clients able to use oneoperation to perform is to switch the channels. Video on Demand (VoD is one of the most importantapplications for the internet of the future and has become an interactive multimedia service which allowsthe users to start watching the video of their choice at anytime and anywhere, especially after the rapiddeployment of the wireless networks and mobile devices. In this paper provide statistical information aboutthe Internet, communications and mobile devices etc. This has led to an increased demand for thedevelopment, communication and computational powers of many of the mobile wireless subscribers/mobiledevices such as laptops, PDAs, smart phones and notebook. These techniques are utilized to obtain a videoon demand service with higher resolution and quality. Another objective in this paper is to see Malaysiaranked as a fully developed country by the year 2020.

  5. SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE INTERNET ADDICTION

    OpenAIRE

    Egor Grigoryevich Gaynzev

    2015-01-01

    The paper examined the Internet that turned to be the main communication gear and information transfer tool round the world. Every year a growing number of Internet users appear, many people thereof are prone to Internet addiction. The Internet addiction involves multiple social challenges namely the family issues, workplace constraints, proneness to conflict, negligence in daily pursuits and many other issues. The number of Internet users over the past 10 years grew from 10 million users to ...

  6. Pedophilia on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deirmenjian, John M

    2002-09-01

    The Internet provides adults and children with a medium for professional and personal communication throughout the world. As widespread communication in cyberspace grows exponentially, the potential for Internet-related crimes, such as cyberstalkng, has accelerated. Children are particularly vulnerable to sexual predators, such as pedophiles, on the Internet. This article reports cases of pedophiles who used the information superhighway to exploit child victims. Two models of pedophilia on the Internet are discussed: a trust-based seductive model and a direct sexual model. This article explores the role that mental health professionals may play in the assessment of Internet pedophilia. For example, mental health professionals may provide psychiatric treatment to victims of Internet pedophiles. Psychiatrists may be involved in the evaluation of perpetrators of Internet crimes in a clinical or forensic setting. Governmental agencies, the criminal justice system, school, or the media may request consultations by mental health professionals as part of a multi-disciplinary approach to prevention. Methods of government intervention are discussed.

  7. Internet and child pornography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seda Çağlar

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, internet use and access is becoming increasingly common as a great entertainment, communication and educational resource for children as well as for adults. Internet is a perfect environment for children, for exploring the world, learning and having fun. However, access to illegal sites that contain violence and sexuality, and contact dangerous people are among the particular risks for children using the internet. It is a known fact that, internet and developing technology make the production and distribution of child pornography cheaper and easier. There has been consensus on the need of creating a plan and increasing the awareness in the community for the fight against child pornography. Because of the increasing internet use and the risk for children mentioned, nurses got new responsibilities. Nurses have to inform society, especially families and children, about safe internet use. In this review, legal regulations about the fight against child pornography on the internet, the reasons that lay the ground for child pornography and their negative effects on children has been addressed.

  8. Revisualising 'porn': how young adults' consumption of sexually explicit Internet movies can inform approaches to Canadian sexual health promotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hare, Kathleen A; Gahagan, Jacqueline; Jackson, Lois; Steenbeek, Audrey

    2015-01-01

    The Internet offers an invaluable opportunity to re-imagine ideas, constructs and disciplines to create innovative sexual health promotion interventions. To gain insight into what young adults (aged 19-28) may be seeking in online sexual resources and approaches, this study explored how young people perceived their sexual health to be influenced by their consumption of the highly utilised sexual medium of Sexually Explicit Internet Movies [SEIM]. Employing an exploratory, qualitative methodology, data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 12 urban, heterosexual young adults, who self-identified as having consumed SEIM for a period of at least one year. All interviews were audiotaped with permission, transcribed verbatim and the data were analysed to identify emergent thematic concepts. Participants described utilising SEIM as an all-inclusive sexual forum to learn more about the positive aspects of sexual health, in a context that they viewed as being devoid of alternatives. Young adults' perceptions of the utility of SEIM suggest that it would be beneficial to create novel, sex-positive online sexual health interventions. Further exploration is clearly warranted on how Internet resources that are related to sexual health, such as SEIM, can be utilised to facilitate innovative approaches to online sexual health promotion.

  9. 个性化网络信息检索系统研究与实现%The Research and Design of Personalized Internet Information Retrieval Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李广建

    2004-01-01

    提出一种个性化网络信息检索系统(Personalized Internet Information Retrieval System,简称PIIRS).在分析PIIRS目标和业务流程的基础上,给出PIIRS的整体结构,并详细说明PIIRS各组成子系统的功能及其实现.最后总结PIIRS系统的特色,并指出今后的改进方向.

  10. Internet effects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Valkenburg, P.M.; Peter, J.; Levesque, R.J.R.

    2011-01-01

    Adolescents’ extensive use of Internet communication and the uncertainty about its consequences call for an integrative perspective that helps to understand both the appeal of Internet communication and its risks and opportunities. The aim of this essay is to theorize, and if possible, substantiate

  11. Internet access to ionosondes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galkin, I. A.; Kitrosser, D. F.; Kecic, Z.; Reinisch, B. W.

    1999-01-01

    Connecting ionosondes to the Internet gives easy access to real-time information on ionospheric conditions. Some of the ionosonde sites provide just the ionogram displays, others give in addition the scaled ionospheric characteristics directly usable for frequency management and HF channel assessment. Some sounders also store days or months of station data, which makes it possible remotely to evaluate the time history of geophysical events. The Internet link is also a convenient means for remote system maintenance and control. The paper addresses various aspects of the Internet ionosonde scenario, including data base support, WWW publishing, user interface, security, and data format. A list of Internet accessible ionosonde stations is provided with a brief description.

  12. Visualizing Internet routing changes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lad, Mohit; Massey, Dan; Zhang, Lixia

    2006-01-01

    Today's Internet provides a global data delivery service to millions of end users and routing protocols play a critical role in this service. It is important to be able to identify and diagnose any problems occurring in Internet routing. However, the Internet's sheer size makes this task difficult. One cannot easily extract out the most important or relevant routing information from the large amounts of data collected from multiple routers. To tackle this problem, we have developed Link-Rank, a tool to visualize Internet routing changes at the global scale. Link-Rank weighs links in a topological graph by the number of routes carried over each link and visually captures changes in link weights in the form of a topological graph with adjustable size. Using Link-Rank, network operators can easily observe important routing changes from massive amounts of routing data, discover otherwise unnoticed routing problems, understand the impact of topological events, and infer root causes of observed routing changes.

  13. Older Adults' Knowledge of Internet Hazards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimes, Galen A.; Hough, Michelle G.; Mazur, Elizabeth; Signorella, Margaret L.

    2010-01-01

    Older adults are less likely to be using computers and less knowledgeable about Internet security than are younger users. The two groups do not differ on trust of Internet information. The younger group shows no age or gender differences. Within the older group, computer users are more trusting of Internet information, and along with those with…

  14. 网络时代学术信息资源可信度研究%Study on the Credibility of Academic Information in Internet Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      学术信息资源是一种特殊的信息资源产品,在研究和学术交流过程中发挥十分重要的作用。网络和数字环境下,信息量迅猛增长、传播方式日益复杂,受众方式五花八门,学术信息资源的可信度问题变得尤为重要。对学术信息资源及其可信度的概念和范围进行梳理辨析,分析了网络对学术信息资源可信度在产生、编辑加工和传播过程中的影响,并在此基础上对网络环境下如何提高学术信息资源可信度提出具体措施,以为提高学术信息资源的可信度研究提供新的思路。%As a special information product, academic information resources play an important role in the activity of scientific research and academic exchange. In digital network environment, owing to explosive growth of data and extremely complex spread mode, study on the credibility of academic information resources has become particularly important. This paper first describes the concept and domain of academic information resources and definition of their credibility, and then analyzes the impact of Internet on the credibility of academic information resources during their production, editing, processing and disseminating. Finally it presents some specific measures on how to improve the credibility of academic information in the Internet age.

  15. Parents of adolescents with type 1 diabetes--their views on information and communication needs and internet use. A qualitative study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam Nordfeldt

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Little is known about parents' views on the use of online resources for information, education and support regarding childhood type 1 diabetes (T1DM. Considering the rapidly evolving new communication practices, parents' perspectives need to be explored. The main purpose of this paper was to explore parents' perceptions of their information-seeking, Internet use, and social networking online. This applied to their everyday life, including the contexts of T1DM and contact with peers. A second aim was to identify implications for future development of Internet use in this respect. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Twenty-seven parents of 24 young persons aged 10-17 with T1DM participated in eight focus group interviews during their regular visits to a county hospital. Focus group discussions were video/audio-taped, transcribed and analysed using inductive qualitative content analysis. Self-reported demographic and medical information was also collected. A main theme was Finding things out, including two sub-themes, Trust and Suitability. The latter were key factors affecting parents' perceptions of online resources. Parents' choice of information source was related to the situation, previous experiences and knowledge about sources and, most importantly, the level of trust in the source. A constantly present background theme was Life situation, including two sub-themes, Roles and functions and Emotions and needs. Parents' information-seeking regarding T1DM varied greatly, and was closely associated with their life situation, the adolescents development phases and the disease trajectory. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Health practitioners and system developers need to focus on creating trust and suitability for users' needs. They should understand the children's diverse needs, which depend on their life situation, on the children's development, and on the disease trajectory. To enhance trust in online health information and support services

  16. Internet enlightens; Internet eclaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiredo, S. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire - IRSN, 92 - Clamart (France)

    2011-01-15

    This section gathers a selection of Internet links to online articles dealing with radiation protection issues. Below are the titles of the papers with their web site source: 1 - A mission of the European Commission verifies the proper enforcement by France of the EURATOM treaty dispositions relative to the control of radioactivity in the vicinity of uranium mines (http://www.asn.fr); 2 - tritium contamination at Saint-Maur-des-Fosses: new results from measurements performed by IRSN in the environment; 3 - status of radioactivity monitoring in French Polynesia in 2009 (http://www.irsn.fr); 4 - study of mortality and cancers impact near the Aube facility for low- and medium-activity waste storage (http://www.invs.sante.fr); 5 - Marcel Jurien de la Graviere appointed president of the guidance committee of the defense nuclear expertise of the Institute of radiation protection and nuclear safety (IRSN) (http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr); 6 - radiation protection 163: 'Childhood Leukaemia - Mechanisms and Causes'; 7- Radiation Protection 164: Radioactive effluents from nuclear power stations and nuclear fuel reprocessing sites in the European Union, 2004-08; 8 - Radiation Protection 165: Medical Effectiveness of Iodine Prophylaxis in a Nuclear Reactor Emergency Situation and Overview of European Practices Protection (http://ec.europa.eu); 9 - Report RIFE 15: Radioactivity in Food and the Environment - RIFE (SEPA - Scottish Environment Protection Agency, http://www.sepa.org.uk); 10 - HPA response statement: Advisory Group on Ionising Radiation's report on circulatory disease risk (HPA - Health Protection Agency, http://www.hpa.org.uk); 11 - launching of the national database for the voluntary registering of (quasi) incidents (AFCN - Federal agency of nuclear control, http://www.fanc.fgov.be); 12 - Radiation dose optimization in nuclear medicine (IAEA RPOP - Radiation Protection Of Patients, http://rpop.iaea.org); 13 - The government of Canada finances

  17. A DISTRIBUTED HYPERMAP MODEL FOR INTERNET GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The rapid development of Internet technology makes it possible to integrate GIS with the Internet,forming Internet GIS.Internet GIS is based on a distributed client/server architecture and TCP/IP & IIOP.When constructing and designing Internet GIS,we face the problem of how to express information units of Internet GIS.In order to solve this problem,this paper presents a distributed hypermap model for Internet GIS.This model provides a solution to organize and manage Internet GIS information units.It also illustrates relations between two information units and in an internal information unit both on clients and servers.On the basis of this model,the paper contributes to the expressions of hypermap relations and hypermap operations.The usage of this model is shown in the implementation of a prototype system.

  18. 物联网时代信息地理研究的思考%Prospect on information geography in the era of Internet of Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周其楼; 张捷

    2013-01-01

    Recently,Internet of Things sets off a huge boom in the world.As the next generation of IT,Internet of Things will exert impact on production,economic and social management,and even personal life.At the same time,it will bring profound changes to geography and will become an important object of information geography.This article deeply analyses the impact of internet of things on core concepts and research methods of geography and builds the theoretical framework of information geography in the Internet of Things era.The theoretical framework includes the following four aspects:(1) Internet of Things breaks through time and space isolation between geographical space and information space,constructing new geographical space-the unity of real geographical space and virtual space,and promoting the improvement of man-land relationship; (2) Internet of Things has impact on spatial structure.Information,as a factor affecting location,will be enhanced.Functional spaces for urban transportation,residence,work,and leisure will be affected; (2) Internet of Things impacts product space and rebuilds the business model by optimizing the supply chain and changing consumer behaviors; (4) Internet of Things impacts behavior space.People's ability of environment sensing will be enhanced.Thereby people's spatial perception and spatial behavior will be affected.In addition to the above aspects,based on real-time andmass data of the physical world,research methods of information geography will also change.Empirical,time dimensional,micro-scale study will be enhanced.In the support of the theory,this article further provides systematic research content of Information Geography in the Internet of Things era.%近年来物联网在全球掀起巨大热潮.作为新一代信息技术,物联网不仅将给生产运行、经济和社会管理乃至个人生活带来极大影响,同时将会给地理学带来深刻变化,成为信息地理研究的重要对象.深入分析物联网对于地

  19. Üniversite Kütüphanelerinde Bilgi Hizmetlerinin İnternet Aracılığıyla Pazarlanması / Marketing of Information Services at University Libraries via Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umut Al

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Marketing concept, that had been important for for-profit organizations in the past, has now become an essential management tool for non-profit organizations as well. In time, university libraries which are non-profit organizations also started to make use of marketing methods and techniques. This descriptive study involves the Internet, marketing and university libraries within the same frame, and provides information about what should be done by university libraries in the process of marketing via Internet.

  20. Internet resources for diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadav Hariom

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Internet is transforming lives of many people in the world. Nowadays Internet has become one of the most common media to extract information of interest to researchers. The Internet is composed of a large number of smaller interconnected networks called Intranets. These Intranets connect thousands computers enabling them to share information with each other and to share various resources such as powerful super computers, software and databases of information. It has made it possible for people all over the world to effectively and inexpensively communicate with each other. The Internet has become world′s biggest library where retrieval of scientific resources is only a mouse click away. The geometric growth in Internet usage is mainly due to the great success of "World Wide Web". Various useful databases on diabetes are already on ′the Net′ and many more being added regularly. The present article is an attempt to provide a review of several sites that may be of great significance to the diabetes researchers before execution for new assignment/project.

  1. Internet Inquiry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This collection of dialogues is the only textbook of its kind. Internet Inquiry: Conversations About Method takes students into the minds of top internet researchers as they discuss how they have worked through critical challenges as they research online social environments. Editors Annette N....... Markham and Nancy K. Baym illustrate that good research choices are not random but are deliberate, studied, and internally consistent. Rather than providing single "how to" answers, this book presents distinctive and divergent viewpoints on how to think about and conduct qualitative internet studies....

  2. Internet skills, sources of support, and benefiting from internet use

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deursen, van Alexander J.A.M.; Courtois, Cédric; Dijk, van Jan A.G.M.

    2014-01-01

    This study added communication Internet skills to an existing skill framework of operational, formal, information, and strategic skills. The study investigated how people deal with inadequate skill levels by identifying support sources. Furthermore, we investigated which of the Internet skills actua

  3. Research and Application of College Mobile Internet Information Security Risk Assessment System%高校移动互联网信息安全风险评价系统研究及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张淋江; 刘志龙

    2016-01-01

    Along with the increase of college students users of mobile Internet, colleges and universities in China need to strengthen the mobile Internet security management in the development and operation and establish efficient mobile Internet information security management system to deal with the security risks existing in the mobile Internet application services. In this paper, combined with the new requirements of the current mobile Internet security in colleges and universities, the information security risk assessment system based on mobile Internet is developed. The uncertain mobile Internet security risk factors existing in colleges and universities are collected to form a classified, quantitative and systematic risk assessment system, so as to provide basis for mobile Internet information security risk management in colleges and universities.%随着移动互联网大学生用户群体的逐渐增多,我国高校在发展和运行中亟需加强移动互联网安全管理, 建立系统高效的移动互联网信息安全管理体系,应对移动互联网应用服务中存在的诸多安全风险.本文结合当前高校移动互联网安全的新需求,开发基于移动互联网的信息安全风险评价系统,针对高校存在的不确定移动互联网安全风险因素,进行收集整理,形成分类、量化、系统的风险评价体系,为高校移动互联网信息安全风险管理决策提供依据.

  4. Internet Freedom in Asia: Case of Internet Censorship in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZAINUDDIN MUDA Z. MONGGILO

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Internet can develop the communication and information freedom on society but unfortunately in some nations, especially in Asia, it cannot be fully accessed because of government censorship. This report explains the relationship between the practice of Internet censorship imposed by the Chinese government and the freedom of its citizens (in the internet surfing experience as the realization of human rights in the freedom of expression and opinion (seek, receive-use, and communicate information which is traced through the relevant literature study. China is a unique case since the internet censorship regulation contributes to its status as the country with the least internet freedom yet at the same time it is credited as having the most internet users globally. In addition, China known as the communist country that began opening up to globalization and information of technology, but the government’s control over it is still so tight and binding, not only in the press, or the traditional media, but also in new media with the internet censorship. The control over this information may have a clear objective to maintain a climate of information in the community, but on the other hand, such control is tantamount to restricting the right of citizens to make, use, and distribute information, and more fatal as a violation of human rights.

  5. INTERNET IN FISHERIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Matulić

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Internet is a global communication system interconnected with computer networks and intended to exchange the information of any kind. It is frequently called »network of all the networks« because it incorporates thousands and thousands of various computer networks all around the world and in order to communicate, has the same technical standards. The Internet has become an exclusive, unique source of information forever growing population. It has also become an ideal communication channel because of its dynamics, interaction, tractability and miraculously manageable updating of the content published. Nowadays, when fisheries starts playing and important role in Croatia, many people seek professional advice and guidance via Internet in order to fulfil their demanding professional tasks.

  6. The Internet for Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grothkopf, U.

    Librarianship is currently undergoing major changes. New information sources, accessible via the "network of networks", the Internet, offer opportunities which were previously unknown, but which require continuous ongoing learning. The Internet seems to be organized badly or not at all. The poor appearance might lead to an underestimation of its value. In the following, an introduction to the main functions will be given in order to facilitate understanding and use of the Internet. E-Mail, FTP (File Transfer Protocol) and Telnet will be covered, as well as Mailing lists, Newsgroups and the tools Archie, Gopher, Veronica, WAIS (Wide Area Information Server) and the World Wide Web (WWW). Examples will be given to show possible applications for library services.

  7. Knowledge, Democracy, and the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mößner, Nicola; Kitcher, Philip

    2017-01-01

    The internet has considerably changed epistemic practices in science as well as in everyday life. Apparently, this technology allows more and more people to get access to a huge amount of information. Some people even claim that the internet leads to a "democratization of knowledge." In the following text, we will analyze this statement.…

  8. Children's Models of the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enochsson, AnnBritt

    2004-01-01

    This article will show how children (9-12 years old) describe the Internet in terms of different models. It is related to how they understand the reliability of the Internet as well as some other aspects. The study was carried out in a 4th-grade class in 1998/1999. The study has an ethnographic approach. With inspiration from information research…

  9. Student Empowerment Through Internet Usage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Purushothaman, Aparna

    2011-01-01

    in a University in Southern India to empower the female students through Internet usage. The study was done to find out the problems the woman students faced in gaining access and using Internet and how they can be empowered through Internet usage. Future workshop was conducted to find out the problems...... Technologies that brought massive change in the ways people communicate and how information is exchanged across the globe. Educational sector has been strongly influenced by the emergence of Internet Technologies. Digital literacy is a prerequisite for students of this generation. Studies say that woman always...... and a research design was formulated in consultation with the participants. Action research model for reflective Internet searching developed by Edwards and Bruce (2002) was deployed in the study where students did the Internet searching based on the action research cycle of planning, acting, recording...

  10. INTERNET AND EFL READING CLASSES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fatemeh; Alipanahi

    2005-01-01

    The Internet is all about sharing ideas with others. It offers a myriad of authentic materials and ampleopportunities to communicate in the foreign language. It fits into current theories of communicative languagelearning and learner autonomy. This paper attempts to address the major issues teachers and universities willencounter when integrating the Internet into foreign language curriculum, and it is mostly concerned with theeffect of Internet on teaching reading comprehension. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to findjustifiable responses to the following questions.1. Will the student improve their attitude toward reading comprehension in English as a foreign language(EFL) after being taught via the Internet?2. Will the teaching of reading comprehension via Internet yield significantly better results thantraditional, non-Internet techniques?This paper can be good starting point for EFL instructors and universities alike, and as such it explores anumber of major issues and provides both theoretical background information and practical suggestions.

  11. The Application of Internet of Things in Agricultural Information%物联网在农业信息化中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海胜; 张明真

    2015-01-01

    The agricultural information is an important part of development strategies of national information .Internet of Things technology is an important technical mean of information .Internet of Things wireless sensors are laid on farmland ,gardens ,greenhouses and other regions . Using temperature sensors ,optical sensors ,CO2 sensors and other equipment ,data of real-time temperature ,light and gas concentration can be collected .As automatic control parameters ,the data can be involved in remote control and create a good environment for the growth of crops and poultry .By the realization of remote control ,we can monitor the production environment at home or in office .Wireless sensor networks contribute to the standardization ,digitization and networking of agricultural production .By Internet of Things technology ,the information of agricultural production can be implemented ultimately .%农业信息化是国家信息化发展战略的重要组成部分,物联网技术是信息化的重要技术手段。将物联网无线传感器布设于农田、园林、温室等区域,运用温度传感器、光传感器、CO2传感器等设备,实时实地收集温度、光照、气体浓度等数据,作为自动控制参数参与到远程控制中,为农作物、禽类养殖创造一个良好的生长环境。远程控制的实现使用户在家里、办公室即可实现对生产环境的监测控制。无线传感器网络有助于实现农业生产的标准化、数字化、网络化,从而最终实现农业生产的信息化。

  12. 用IDC在INTERNET网上动态发布信息%Dynamically Transmitting Information with IDC in Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙蓓

    1999-01-01

    @@ 在Internet上进行发布产品信息,提供贸易机会查询等操作,对大多数企业来说,首要解决的是通过网页访问现有的后台数据库信息,随时将信息实时,动态地提供给用户.有多种技术可供选择以建立这种动态数据交换的Web界面,如CGI (Common Gateway Interface)方式,ISAPI(Internet Server Application Programming Interface)方式以及现在比较流行的ASP(Active Server Page)方式等.

  13. Exploration on graded protection strategies of mobile internet information security in 4G era%4G时代移动互联网信息安全分等级防护策略探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈霖

    2014-01-01

    进入4G时代,移动互联网“路”更宽了,从移动互联网威胁的来源来看,其不但来源于传统的互联网,越来越多的威胁将出现在移动互联网内部。基于4G时代移动互联网面临的信息安全风险、威胁,对移动互联网信息安全防护体系进行分析,提出了分等级防护的防护策略。%In the 4G era, the“road”of mobile internet has become wider. The mobile internet threats come from not only the traditional internet but also the internal of the mobile internet. Based on the information security risks and threats of mobile internet in the 4G era, this paper analyzes the information security protection system of the mobile internet and puts forward the graded protection strategies.

  14. On Information Security in the Era of Mobile Internet%移动互联网时代信息安全探讨与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武钊

    2015-01-01

    Along with the fast development of mobile internet technology,especially the popularization of 4G mobile phone network,people’s life is becoming more and more convenient,even shopping and e-government can be paid or per-formed through apps. Through analysis of the characteristics of both smart phones and mobile internet,this paper discusses information security for mobile phone users and presents relevant solutions.%随着移动互联网技术的不断发展,特别是4G 手机网络逐渐普及之后,人们日常的生活变得越来越便利,无论是购物支付,还是网上政务都可以通过智能手机的应用程序来实现。对智能手机和移动互联网的特点进行了分析,探讨了手机信息安全问题,并提出了相应的解决方案。

  15. Technology and Internet Connections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Denise; Lindroth, Linda

    1996-01-01

    Suggests that teachers can use computer software and Internet connections to enhance curriculum and capitalize student's natural interest in sports and sports figures. Provides a list of activities that students can do in relation to the Olympic games and gives information on how technology can assist in such activities. Appropriate Internet…

  16. A Study on Library Information Service Model Based on Internet+ Contextualized User Proifle%互联网+图书馆情景化用户偏好的信息服务模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄传慧

    2016-01-01

    Internet is profoundly changing the way everyone works and lives. According to the research status at home and abroad this paper analyzes Internet + technology basis, describes the strategy of the information service in library under the of Internet + environment that structures library information service model based on contextualized user proifle in order to promote the development of library information service .%互联网+正在深刻地改变着每一个人的工作和生活方式。文章剖析了互联网+的技术基础,并提出互联网+环境下图书馆信息服务策略,最后构建了互联网+环境下图书馆情景化用户偏好信息服务模式,以期促进图书馆信息服务的发展。

  17. Internet Presentation of Departments of Pediatric Surgery in Germany and Their Compliance with Recommended Criteria for Promoting Services and Offering Professional Information for Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farhat, Naim; Zoeller, Christoph; Petersen, Claus; Ure, Benno

    2016-08-01

    Introduction The presentation of health institutions in the internet is highly variable concerning marketing features and medical information. We aimed to investigate the structure and the kind of information provided on the Web sites of all departments of pediatric surgery in Germany. Furthermore, we aimed to identify the degree to which these Web sites comply with internet marketing recommendations for generating business. Method The Web sites of all pediatric surgery units referred to as departments on the official Web site of the German Society of Pediatric Surgery (GSPS) were assessed. The search engine Google was used by entering the terms "pediatric surgery" and the name of the city. Besides general data eight content characteristics focusing on ranking, accessibility, use of social media, multilingual sites, navigation options, selected images, contact details, and medical information were evaluated according to published recommendations. Results A total of 85 departments of pediatric surgery were included. On Google search results 44 (52%) ranked number one and 34 (40%) of the department's homepages were accessible directly through the homepage link of the GSPS. A link to own digital and/or social media was offered on 11 (13%) homepages. Nine sites were multilingual. The most common navigation bar item was clinical services on 74 (87%) homepages. Overall, 76 (89%) departments presented their doctors and 17 (20%) presented other staff members with images of doctors on 53 (62%) and contact data access from the homepage on 68 (80%) Web sites. On 25 (29%) Web sites information on the medical conditions treated were presented, on 17 (20%) details of treating concepts, and on 4 (5%) numbers of patients with specific conditions treated in the own department per year. Conclusion We conclude that numerous of the investigated online presentations do not comply with recommended criteria for offering professional information for patients and for promoting

  18. Internet Use and Breast Cancer Survivors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muhamad, Mazanah; Afshari, Mojgan; Mohamed, Nor Aini

    2011-01-01

    A survey was administered to 400 breast cancer survivors at hospitals and support group meetings in Peninsular Malaysia to explore their level of Internet use and factors related to the Internet use by breast cancer survivors. Findings of this study indicated that about 22.5% of breast cancer survivors used Internet to get information about breast…

  19. Young People's Internet Use: Divided or Diversified?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boonaert, Tom; Vettenburg, Nicole

    2011-01-01

    This article critically analyses research on young people's internet use. Based on a literature analysis, it examines which young people do what on the internet. These results invite a reflection on the dominant discourse on the digital divide. Within this discourse, there is a strong focus on the use of the internet for information purposes only,…

  20. Internet Anxiety among Foreign Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Selami

    2011-01-01

    Little attention has been paid to the demotivating potential of new technologies in foreign language research. Thus, this study aims to investigate Internet anxiety among foreign language learners and to determine the relationships between Internet anxiety and certain variables. A background questionnaire, an Internet information test, and an…

  1. Análise das fontes de informação sobre os autoexames da mama disponíveis na Internet Analysis of information sources about breast self examination available on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia Regina Cubas

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar as informações sobre autoexame da mama disponíveis ao público da internet. Método: Estudo descritivo documental, cujo universo foi composto pelos sites "Google®" e "Yahoo®", utilizando-se o descritor "autoexame de mama". Buscaram-se os 50 primeiros resultados. As páginas Web foram analisadas pelos critérios da American Medical Association e da Health on the Net. Resultados: Foram selecionadas e analisadas 68 páginas. A maioria dos sites era de domínio comercial, seis governamentais e cinco portugueses. Mais da metade tinham restrições quanto ao critério de autoridade e autoria; 61% não apresentavam meio de contato e 52,94% consideravam o autoexame como parte de um conjunto de medidas; 26,47% possuíam o conteúdo baseado em evidências, preciso e completo; 33,82% possuíam referências dos conteúdos. Páginas-Web governamentais, de instituições de saúde ou profissionais possuíam restrições com relação ao conteúdo ou apresentação. Conclusões: As informações sobre autoexame de mama são heterogêneas. Poucas páginas demonstraram preocupação com critérios de qualidade, tanto da construção quanto do conteúdo. A maior parte das informações não está baseada em evidências e que podem trazer danos ao paciente. Há necessidade de melhorar a qualidade das páginas Web que abordam o tema.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the information about breast self examination available on the Internet. Methods: A descriptive documental study was performed via a search on the Google®and Yahoo® websites using the phrase "breast self examination" in Portuguese, and the first 50 results from each site were analyzed using the criteria of the American Medical Association and Health on the Net. Results: 68 sites were selected and analyzed. Most of the sites were in the commercial domain, six were governmental sites and five were Portuguese sites. More than half had restrictions regarding criteria of authority and authorship

  2. Using internet technology to inform researchers, policy makers and other stakeholders about sustainable land management in drylands: experience from a large interdisciplinary and international project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geeson, N.; van den Elsen, E.; Brandt, J.; Quaranta, G.; Salvia, R.

    2012-04-01

    In the last twenty years the advent of the internet has made it much easier to share the results of scientific research with a wider range of audiences. Where once there were only scientific journals and books, it is now possible to deliver messages and dissemination products instantly, by email or other media, to huge circulation lists; thereby also addressing non-scientific audiences. Most scientific projects now host a website, but until recently few have exploited the communication possibilities to maximum advantage. DESIRE has been a large interdisciplinary and international project working to mitigate desertification by selecting and trialling sustainable land management practices with stakeholders. Therefore it has been very important to use a general project website, and a separate Harmonised Information System, to ensure that partners and stakeholders are able to understand the sustainable options and learn from one another. The project website has included many useful features, such as general project and partner information, a schedule of future meetings, and repositories of publicly (and project only) downloadable documents. Lessons have been learned about communication preferences between groups with different interests. For example, an on-line forum seemed a good way of allowing project partners to have their say on various topics. However it was not well-used and it was concluded that partners preferred to communicate just by email, a medium that they access most days for many uses. Whereas the project website focuses on the latest news, the Harmonised Information System has been used to document the history of the project, stage by stage, filling in each section as results became available. Information can be accessed from the perspective of both the research aims and each study site. Interactive tools and drop-down menus are among the features that are used to make the information as attractive and as accessible as possible. Although English is the

  3. [Development and evaluation of an internet-based educational system about herbs and dietary supplements through periodical distribution of information to health professionals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asahina, Yasuko; Hori, Satoko; Ohtani, Hisakazu; Sawada, Yasufumi

    2009-06-01

    Herbs and dietary supplements (HDS) are widely used, and health professionals are in an ideal position to educate patients about them. However, it is sometimes difficult to evaluate their risks and benefits with limited information and what is worse, many health professionals in Japan are unconcerned with HDS. Therefore, we aimed to develop an internet-based educational system to periodically provide information about HDS to medical doctors and pharmacists in order to increase their awareness. Monographs about selected HDS, accompanied with educational quizzes, were prepared to meet pharmacists' needs. Examples of clinical Q&A cases about drug interactions involving HDS were prepared. The material was distributed weekly to registered health professionals by e-mail and via WWW pages. Two hundred and forty-four health professionals evaluated the system by questionnaire. The questionnaire results revealed that 1) more than 75% of responders evaluated the system as useful, 2) compilation of information into educational quizzes and cases encouraged health professionals to learn about HDS with less difficulty, and 3) e-mails led them to learn periodically and to be more concerned about the safety of HDS. In conclusion, the developed information system for HDS was proved to be useful and should serve to improve the understanding of health professionals about this issue.

  4. An experimental health smart home and its distributed internet-based information and communication system: first steps of a research project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rialle, V; Noury, N; Hervé, T

    2001-01-01

    We present a study and whole experimental tele-monitoring and medical tele-surveillance system for maintaining patients at home. The project features networked sensors, in a fully equipped apartment, operated by an advanced information and communication system based on Internet, Java, and object oriented modeling. The sensors are connected, mainly wirelessly, with a in-home software module devoted to signals analysis and detection of critical situation such as falls, sickness, sudden palsy, stroke, hypothermia, etc. This module communicates, either via modem or ethernet network, with a remote medical control station in charge of appropriate response to received information and alarms. The system is designed to be a powerful information and communication tools for medical and social workers. It offers a series of functions such as medical file management, user profiles and rights management, drafting and management of ordinances and visit notes, confidentiality of medical information, and management of scenarios of detectable events. The access to the system is allowed to authorized users only (physicians, emergentists, social workers, etc.), and is available on as much authorized computers as needed, by means of a Java applet invoked from any traditional web browsers.

  5. 试论“读书、读网、读人”的特性%On Characteristics of Accessing Information through Books, Internet and People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒刚

    2012-01-01

    “读书、读网、读人”三种阅读方式各有其特性和优势:读书,即人与纸质文献的信息交流具有不可替代性;读网,即人与数字文献的信息交流具有双重性;读人,即人与人现场面对面的信息交流具有至上性。在个人的阅读中,促进三种阅读方式的优势互补,将使每个人的阅读更加丰富多彩,也对创造每个人的美好人生具有重大的作用。%Books, internet and people as three sources of intormat~on have different charactenstics and advantages, treading books - the exchange of information between people and paper texts is non - substitutable. Reading online,the exchange of information between peo- ple and digital literature is dual - natured. Reading people, the face - to - face exchanges of information between people are supreme. If one can complement the advantages of all these three accesses of information, his reading will be more colorful and his life will be made more beautiful.

  6. Internet User Behaviour Model Discovery Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The Academy of Economic Studies has more than 45000 students and about 5000 computers with Internet access which are connected to AES network. Students can access internet on these computers through a proxy server which stores information about the way the Internet is accessed. In this paper, we describe the process of discovering internet user behavior models by analyzing proxy server raw data and we emphasize the importance of such models for the e-learning environment.

  7. Internet User Behaviour Model Discovery Process

    OpenAIRE

    Dragos Marcel VESPAN

    2007-01-01

    The Academy of Economic Studies has more than 45000 students and about 5000 computers with Internet access which are connected to AES network. Students can access internet on these computers through a proxy server which stores information about the way the Internet is accessed. In this paper, we describe the process of discovering internet user behavior models by analyzing proxy server raw data and we emphasize the importance of such models for the e-learning environment.

  8. A Research on the Characteristics of Internet Information Cognitive Processing of Pathological Internet Adolescent Users%青少年病理性互联网使用者网络信息的认知加工特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴文丽; 郑希付

    2011-01-01

    目的:考察青少年病理性互联网使用者对网络相关图片的认知加工特点.方法:以接受住院治疗的网络成瘾者为被试,采用点探测任务范式进行研究.结果:网络成瘾组对网络图片的注意偏向显著高于控制组,有明显的注意维持偏向;在图片的呈现时间为500ms的条件下,网络成瘾组对网络图片的注意偏向得分显著高于控制组,随后注意偏向下降,表现出接近--回避的注意模式.结论:网络成瘾组的注意偏向得分显著高于控制组,随后注意偏向下降,表现出接近--回避的注意模式.%Objective: To explore the cognitive processing characteristics of internet related pictures of adolescent internet addicts. Methods: In this study a dot detection task was adopted to inspect the attention bias between internet addicts and ordinary adolescents. Results: The internet addicts had maintained attention and more obvious attention bias to the internet pictures than the others, demonstrating an approach-avoidance attention mode when the internet pictures were displayed for 500ms. Conclusion: The internet addicts have more obvious attention bias to the internet pictures than ordinary adolescents, demonstrating an approach-avoidance attention mode.

  9. Internet Sexualities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Döring, Nicola

    The term “internet sexuality” (or OSA, online sexual activities) refers to sexual-related content and activities observable on the internet (cf. Adams, Oye, & Parker, 2003; Cooper, McLoughlin, & Campbell, 2000; Leiblum & Döring, 2002). It designates a variety of sexual phenomena (e.g., pornography, sex education, sexual contacts) related to a wide spectrum of online services and applications (e.g., websites, online chat rooms, peer-to-peer networks). If an even broader range of computer networks - such as the Usenet or bulletin board systems - is included in this extensional definition, one speaks of “online sexuality” or “cybersexuality.”

  10. Everyone's Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO BIN

    2010-01-01

    @@ After more than 20 years, the Internet in China has become a big success. The country has the world's largest Intemet population that topped 420 million at the end of June. In the first six months of this year, China's Internet market reached 74.3 billion yuan ($10.9 billion), the equivalent of 2009's total. Local businesses have risen to leaders on the Chinese market, as Chinese language search, instant messaging and online auction service providers have overwhelming advantages over foreign rivals.

  11. The corruption of the Web the Internet should self-police itself to ensure the accuracy of information

    CERN Multimedia

    Hein, J

    2003-01-01

    The www is a huge information network where you can never be sure how accurate the information is. There are still sites containing professional academic material, magazine sites and regulated forums. There are also unregulated forums where nothing is ever on topic and sites that publish incorrect materials (1 page).

  12. Personalized Patient Education and the Internet: Linking health information to the Electronic Patient Record (STEPPS in burn care)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.V. Doupi (Persephone)

    2005-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ For patients and their carers, information seeking and processing is an integral part of managing disease or coping with a health condition. The nature and content of that information may vary widely; from general medical knowledge, to practical details on diagnosis and

  13. If you cannot beat them, join them! Using Health 2.0 and popular Internet applications to improve information literacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spring, Hannah

    2011-06-01

    The popularity of Health 2.0 technologies has grown exponentially in recent years. They are increasingly being used to inform and support professional practice. This article discusses the use of the health facet of Web 2.0 applications by health professionals. In particular, it considers their value in the delivery of information literacy agendas by health librarians for health professionals.

  14. Nutritional Online Information for Cancer Patients: a Randomized Trial of an Internet Communication Plus Social Media Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gnagnarella, Patrizia; Misotti, Alessandro Maria; Santoro, Luigi; Akoumianakis, Demosthenes; Del Campo, Laura; De Lorenzo, Francesco; Lombardo, Claudio; Milolidakis, Giannis; Sullivan, Richard; McVie, John Gordon

    2016-09-01

    We hypothesized that cancer patients using an Internet website would show an improvement in the knowledge about healthy eating habits, and this might be enhanced by social media interaction. A 6-month randomized intervention was set up. Eligible subjects were allocated in intervention (IG) and control groups (CG). IG had access to the website, and CG was provided with printed versions. All enrolled participants filled in Nutrition Questionnaire (NQ), Quality of Life Questionnaire (QoL) and Psychological Distress Inventory (PDI), at baseline and after 6 months. The difference between post- vs pre-questionnaires was calculated. Seventy-four subjects (CG 39; IG 35) completed the study. There was an increase in the score after the intervention in both groups for the NQ, even if not statistically significant. Dividing the IG into three categories, no (NI), low (LI) and high interactions (HI), we found a decreased score (improvement) in the CG (-0.2) and in the HI (-1.7), and an increased score (worsening) in the NI (+3.3) (p = NS) analysing the PDI. We found an increased score in the QoL both in CG and IG (adjusted LSMeans +3.5 and +2.8 points, respectively; p = NS). This study represents an example for support cancer patients. Despite the lack of significant effects, critical points and problems encountered may be of interest to researchers and organization working in the cancer setting. Intervention strategies to support patients during the care process are needed in order to attain the full potential of patient-centred care on cancer outcomes.

  15. 基于移动互联网的高校信息安全问题对策探讨%Countermeasures of the College Information Security Based on Mobile Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志龙; 张淋江; 周红雷

    2016-01-01

    With the fierce development of the mobile Internet technology and the unceasing strengthening of the function of intelligent terminal equipment, the application scope of the college mobile Internet is more and more widely, college students have become the most active users of mobile Internet applications. The application of olleges mobile Internet face the threat from the intelligent terminal system security vulnerabilities, mobile Internet service platform in universities, the network environment security, that makes the mobile Internet applications and information security faces the severe test, the study of the college mobile Internet and information security problems and countermeasures is imperative.%随着移动互联网技术的猛发展和智能终端设备功能的不断强大,高校移动互联网应用范围越来越广,大学生群体成了移动互联网应用最活跃的用户群体。高校移动互联网应用面临着来自智能终端系统安全漏洞、高校移动互联网业务平台、网络环境安全等方面的威胁,使得高校移动互联网应用信息安全面临严峻的考验,高校移动互联网信息安全问题及对策研究势在必行。

  16. [Internet addiction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Hideki; Higuchi, Susumu

    2015-09-01

    Internet technologies have made a rapid progress, bringing convenience to daily life. On the other hand, internet use disorder and internet addiction (IA) have become reportedly serious health and social problems. In 2013, internet gaming disorder criteria have been proposed in the section of Conditions for Further Study of DSM-5. Existing epidemiological studies by questionnaire methods have reported that the prevalence of IA ranges between 2.8% and 9.9% among youths in Japan. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), sleeping disorders, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, and phobic anxiety disorder are extremely common comorbid mental disorders with IA. Some psychotherapies (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing) and medical treatments (e.g., antidepressant drugs, methylphenidate) for comorbid mental disorders as well as rehabilitation (e.g., treatment camp) are effective for IA remission. However, some serious cases of IA may be difficult to treat, and prevention is very important. In future, the prevention, rehabilitations and treatments for IA will be more required in Japan.

  17. Internet Shopping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪毓

    2004-01-01

    Nowadays you no longer need to walk round hundreds of shops looking for the items you need. You can shop for just about anything from your armchair. All you need is a computer and access(进入) to the Internet.

  18. 移动互联网有害信息清理研究%Research on Cleaning up the Harmful Information on the Mobile Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文湘江; 马少武; 姜智峰; 唐雄燕

    2011-01-01

    With regard to the spread of harmful information which is hidden deeply and governed difficultly on the mobile internet,such as pornography,this paper provides the technical scheme and deployment scheme of cleaning up the harmful information,makes a comparative analysis on various network deployment modes,describes the steps and typical scenes of cleaning up the harmful information and finally proposes relevant suggestions of management.%针对在移动互联网上传播淫秽色情等有害信息具有隐蔽性大、治理难的问题,给出有害信息清理的技术方案,分析有害信息系统的网络部署方案,对几种系统的网络部署方式进行比较分析,描述了有害信息清理的步骤和典型场景,最后给出相应的监管建议。

  19. Challenges since Wikipedia: the availability of Rorschach information online and internet users' reactions to online media coverage of the Rorschach-Wikipedia debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Douglas S; Loving, James L

    2012-01-01

    We conducted 2 studies to assess the availability of Rorschach information online and Internet users' attitudes since the inkblots were published on Wikipedia. In the first study, the authors conducted 2 Google searches for Web sites containing Rorschach-related information. The top 88 results were classified by level of threat to test security; 19% posed a direct threat. The authors also found Web sites authored by psychologists that divulged sensitive Rorschach information. In the second study, 588 comments to online news stories covering the Rorschach-Wikipedia debate were coded as expressing favorable or unfavorable opinions regarding the field of psychology, psychologists, and the Rorschach. Eight percent of comments described unfavorable opinions toward psychology, 15% contained unfavorable opinions toward psychologists, and 35% portrayed unfavorable opinions of the Rorschach. Common themes and popular misconceptions of the Rorschach contained in these comments are described. Implications and recommendations for practice are discussed. Limitations, including the second study's narrow sample and self-selection bias, are also detailed.

  20. 互联网时代碎片化信息传播分析%Analysis of The Spreading of Fragmentized Information in the Internet Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈君武; 贾志城

    2016-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the causes of information fragmentation,this paper introduces the concept of fragmentation in sociological study.It points out that the reduction of the unity of social relationships,market structure,social conception and other concepts featuring social property in the traditional society is the social factor of the fragmentation.,Then from the perspective of communication,it clarifies the basic factors of frag-mentation,which include the diversity of social value system,personal information portal building,technical support of the Internet media,etc.The fragmentation is characterized by fragmentation of sources,channels, and information content.To analize,the fragmentation structure of the Internet society will be conducive to guid-ing audiences to foster healthy and scientific values and consumption patterns.Besides,when focusing on popu-lar,interactive information platforms of audiences at the same time,this paper advocates the audience legitimate distribution and transmission of voice and the balance between the centralization and power equality of main-stream media and lead audiences to quickly adapt to the complicated information environment in Internet era.%以碎片化的产生技术缘由分析为基点,引出社会学研究的碎片化概念,指出传统社会中存在的社会关系、市场结构以及社会观念等社会属性的整一性理念消减是碎片化分割产生的社会因素,进而明晰传播学视野中的信息碎片化产生的基础因素,主要有社会价值体系多元化、个人信息门户建立、互联网传播媒介技术支撑等,其特点是信源碎片化、信道碎片化、信息内容碎片化。分析互联网社会的碎片化结构,将有利于引导受众培育健康、科学的信息价值观念和消费方式,在关注流行、交互受众信息平台的同时,倡导受众话语权的合法发布与传播,以及主流媒体的中心化和平权化角色力量的均衡

  1. Sustaining the Internet with hyperbolic mapping

    CERN Document Server

    Boguna, Marian; Krioukov, Dmitri

    2010-01-01

    The Internet infrastructure is severely stressed. Rapidly growing overhead associated with the primary function of the Internet---routing information packets between any two computers in the world---causes concerns among Internet experts that the existing Internet routing architecture may not sustain even another decade; parts of the Internet have started sinking into black holes already. Here we present a method to map the Internet to a hyperbolic space. Guided with the constructed map, which we release with this paper, Internet routing exhibits scaling properties close to theoretically best possible, thus resolving serious scaling limitations that the Internet faces today. Besides this immediate practical viability, our network mapping method can provide a different perspective on the community structure in complex networks.

  2. On Information Resource Intelligence Addressing System for Internet of Things%物联网信息资源智能寻址系统①

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万年红

    2013-01-01

      物联网信息资源智能寻址已经成为物联网领域的一个研究热点。目前,常见的寻址系统效率比较低,尤其是不能支持信息资源的动态变化。为提高物联网信息资源寻址效果和扩展度,本文首先对物联网定位机制、寻址系统模型等方面展开研究;然后基于此改进相应算法,提出了一种基于无线传感器网络的物联网信息资源智能寻址系统;最后进行应用实验,对比分析各种模型的性能。多次实验结果表明,该系统比传统模型更具有良好的信息资源寻址效果和实用价值。%Information resources intelligence addressing for Internet of Things(Iot) has become a research hotspot in the field of Iot. Nowadays, common addressing systems usually have lower efficiency, especially cannot support dynamical evolution of information resource. To improve information resource addressing efficiency for Iot and extension, this paper first studied the localization mechanism for Iot and the addressing system model. Then it improved corresponding algorithms and an information resource intelligence addressing system for Iot based on wireless sensor network was proposed. Finally, the application experiments were made, the results demonstrate the proposed system has sound information resource addressing efficiency and utility compared with conventional models.

  3. A Multi-Source Information System via the Internet for End-Stage Renal Disease: Scalability and Data Quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Saïd, Mohamed; le Mignot, Loic; Mugnier, Claude; Richard, Jean Baptiste; le Bihan-Benjamin, Christine; Jais, Jean-Philippe; Guillon, Didier; Simonet, Ana; Simonet, Michel; Landais, Paul

    2005-01-01

    A Multi-Source Information System (MSIS), has been designed for the Renal Epidemiology and Information Network (REIN) dedicated to End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). MSIS aims at providing reliable follow-up data for ESRD patients. It is based on an n-tier architecture, made out of a universal client, a dynamic Web server connected to a production database and to a data warehouse. MSIS is operational since 2002 and progressively deployed in 9 regions in France. It includes 11,500 patients. MSIS facilitates documenting medical events which occur during the course of ESRD patient' health care and provides means to control the quality of each patient's record and reconstruct the patient trajectory of care. Consolidated data are made available to a data warehouse and to a geographic information system for analysis and data representation in support of public-health decision making.

  4. Survey of Internet information resource for foreign information science%国外情报学网络信息资源概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽丽

    2011-01-01

    介绍了国外情报学网络资源的发展现状,及国外情报学网络信息资源的几个主要获取途径.列举了AltaVista、Yahoo等搜索引擎分类目录中的情报学专业信息;还对情报学文摘等情报学数据库进行介绍.最后提出了国外情报学网络资源存在的问题.%This paper introduces the developing status of the foreign information science resources, and the main ways for accuiring information resources. It presents the speciality information of information science of ALtaVista, Yahoo etc. Search engine categories. It descvibes information science database, including information science digest. At last,it points out the issues.

  5. Employment Sources on the Internet; Placements and Salaries 2001: Salaries Rebound, Women Break Out; Accredited Master's Programs in Library and Information Studies; Library Scholarship Sources; Library Scholarship and Award Recipients, 2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Catherine; Terrell, Tom

    2003-01-01

    These five articles report on library and information science employment sources on the Internet; librarians' placement and salary trends, including library school graduates, gender differences, and minorities; a list of accredited Mater's programs; a list of library scholarship sources; and a list of library scholarship and award recipients. (LRW)

  6. Google It!: Urban Community College Students' Use of the Internet to Obtain Self-Care and Personal Health Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rennis, Lesley; McNamara, Gloria; Seidel, Erica; Shneyderman, Yuliya

    2015-01-01

    Background: As electronic resources increasingly play a major role in consumer health, eHealth literacy has emerged as a valuable tool to improve and enhance health knowledge and behavior. Yet for some populations, access to health information alone does not lead to better health practices or outcomes. Low income populations increasingly rely on…

  7. Functional Internet Literacy: Required Cognitive Skills with Implications for Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Genevieve Marie

    2007-01-01

    Patterns of typical Internet use provide the basis for defining "functional Internet literacy." Internet use commonly includes communication, information, recreation, and commercial activities. Technical competence with connectivity, security, and downloads is a prerequisite for using the Internet for such activities. Bloom's taxonomy of cognitive…

  8. 信息素养及网络道德摭谈%Information Literacy and Internet Ethics Picks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滑雪

    2011-01-01

    "信息素养(Information Literacy)"的本质是信息全球化需要人们具备的一种基本能力.本文在讨论了什么是信息素养及网络道德的同时,着重谈了信息素养与网络道德的联系,和怎样处理好这一关系.

  9. Secure Threat Information Exchange across the Internet of Things for Cyber Defense in a Fog Computing Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Mihai-Gabriel IONITA; Victor-Valeriu PATRICIU

    2016-01-01

    Threat information exchange is a critical part of any security system. Decisions regarding security are taken with more confidence and with more results when the whole security context is known. The fog computing paradigm enhances the use cases of the already used cloud computing systems by bringing all the needed resources to the end-users towards the edge of the network. While fog decentralizes the cloud, it is very important to correlate security events which happen in branch offices aroun...

  10. Secure Threat Information Exchange across the Internet of Things for Cyber Defense in a Fog Computing Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai-Gabriel IONITA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Threat information exchange is a critical part of any security system. Decisions regarding security are taken with more confidence and with more results when the whole security context is known. The fog computing paradigm enhances the use cases of the already used cloud computing systems by bringing all the needed resources to the end-users towards the edge of the network. While fog decentralizes the cloud, it is very important to correlate security events which happen in branch offices around the globe for correct and timely decisions. In this article, we propose an infrastructure based on custom locally installed OSSEC agents which communicate with a central AlienVault deployment for event correlation. The agents are based on a neural network which takes actions based on risk assessment inspired by the human immune system. All of the threat information is defined by STIX expressions and a TAXII server can share this information with foreign organizations. The proposed implementation can successfully be implemented in an IoT scenario, with added security for the “brownfiled” devices.

  11. How happy is your web browsing? A model to quantify satisfaction of an Internet user searching for desired information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerji, Anirban; Magarkar, Aniket

    2012-09-01

    We feel happy when web browsing operations provide us with necessary information; otherwise, we feel bitter. How to measure this happiness (or bitterness)? How does the profile of happiness grow and decay during the course of web browsing? We propose a probabilistic framework that models the evolution of user satisfaction, on top of his/her continuous frustration at not finding the required information. It is found that the cumulative satisfaction profile of a web-searching individual can be modeled effectively as the sum of a random number of random terms, where each term is a mutually independent random variable, originating from ‘memoryless’ Poisson flow. Evolution of satisfaction over the entire time interval of a user’s browsing was modeled using auto-correlation analysis. A utilitarian marker, a magnitude of greater than unity of which describes happy web-searching operations, and an empirical limit that connects user’s satisfaction with his frustration level-are proposed too. The presence of pertinent information in the very first page of a website and magnitude of the decay parameter of user satisfaction (frustration, irritation etc.) are found to be two key aspects that dominate the web user’s psychology. The proposed model employed different combinations of decay parameter, searching time and number of helpful websites. The obtained results are found to match the results from three real-life case studies.

  12. Internet as a Source of Misconception: "Radiation and Radioactivity"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acar Sesen, Burcin; Ince, Elif

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine students' usage styles of the Internet for seeking information and to investigate whether information obtained from the Internet is a source of misconceptions. For this reason, a two-stage study was conducted. At the first stage, a questionnaire was developed to get information about students' Internet usage…

  13. Security of the Internet Transactions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Felix Musau; Shengbing Ren; Shouyi Yu

    2002-01-01

    The new generation of networked business solutions brings legacy data and applications to the world wide Web, and lets companies redefine internal and external business processes. The present need for internet transaction has forced many business to adopt the internet forms of distribution of its business items. This has threatened security, hence needs to be given a key priority. This paper alights the key areas on how to protect the information we transact on the internet. It also aims at improving the security of our data and the computers we use to access this data.

  14. 基于Internet/Intranet的远程实时信息系统的构造%The implementation of remote realtime information systems based on the internet/intranet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢东山; 沈钧毅; 夏华

    2001-01-01

    文中介绍了Browser/WebServer/Component程序模式的特点,阐述了如何利用新技术在Internet/Intranet环境下构造远程实时信息系统,介绍了作者开发的面向工业监控的软件InterDAS系统.

  15. Internet censorship in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Akgül

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Turkey passed an internet censorship law in 2007 with the declared objective of protecting families and minors (Akdeniz, 2010. It established a unit within the regulator BTK (Information and Communication Technologies Authority responsible for imposing bans and blocks on websites based on nine catalogue crimes defined by other national laws (Akgül 2008, 2009a, 2009b. As of May 2015, 80,000 websites were banned based on civil code related complaints and intellectual property rights violations, reports the independent website Engelliweb. Blocking decisions rendered by penal courts are enforced even when they are based on grounds other that the nine catalogue crimes - such as terrorism, organised crime and crime against the state. Passed in parliament while ignoring the pleas of NGOs and of the internet sector, the Internet Law No. 5651 has since been used to temporarily ban popular platforms such as Blogger, Last.fm, Vimeo, Wordpress and YouTube. At the same time, some blocking decisions by the courts (e.g., Google and Facebook were not enforced by the authorities. Since its introduction, the European Court of Human Rights has ruled that Law No. 5651 (Council of Europe, 2011 is against the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR, 2013. This article provides an overview of internet censorship and its social background in Turkey.

  16. Diagnoses, Drugs, and Treatment Are the Main Information Needs of Primary Care Physicians and Nurses, and the Internet Is the Information Source Most Commonly Used to Meet These Needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Perryman

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A Review of: Clarke, M. A., Belden, J. L., Koopman, R. J., Steege, L. M., Moore, J. L., Canfield, S. M., & Kim, M. S. (2013. Information needs and information-seeking behaviour analysis of primary care physicians and nurses: A literature review. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 30(3, 178-190. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hir.12036 Abstract Objective – To improve information support services to health practitioners making clinical decisions by reviewing the literature on the information needs and information seeking behaviours of primary care physicians and nurses. Within this larger objective, specific questions were 1 information sources used; 2 differences between the two groups; and 3 barriers to searching for both groups. Design – Literature review. Setting – SCOPUS, CINAHL, OVID Medline, and PubMed databases. Subjects – Results from structured searches in four bibliographic databases on the information needs of primary care physicians and nurses. Methods – Medical Subject Heading (MeSH and keyword search strategies tailored to each of four databases were employed to retrieve items pertinent to research objectives. Concepts represented in either controlled or natural language vocabularies included “information seeking behaviour, primary health care, primary care physicians and nurses” (p. 180. An initial yield of 1169 items was filtered by language (English only, pertinence to study objectives, publication dates (2000-2012, and study participant age (>18. After filtering, 47 articles were examined and summarized, and recommendations for further research were made. Main Results – Few topical differences in information needed were identified between primary care physicians and nurses. Across studies retrieved, members of both groups sought information on drugs, diagnoses, and therapy. The Internet (including bibliographic databases and web-based searching was the source of information most frequently mentioned, followed by

  17. 物联网感知层信息安全分析与建议%Analysis and suggestion on information security of Internet of Things perceptual layer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马纪丰; 梁浩

    2012-01-01

    Internet of Things (IOT) , with the help of perception technology, aims to build a total connection network between human and things. Since the conception of IOT was proposed, IOT has been largely promoted and actively developed by the governments, research institutions and enterprises. As perception layer is the major source of IOT information, its information security is the most important issue during the development of IOT. This paper studies the key information technologies and security threats of perception layer, and then analyzes and summarizes the existing security mechanism. Finally, this paper gives security measures and suggestions on the current security concerns on the perception layer.%物联网是以感知为目的,实现人与人、人与物、物与人全面互联的网络.其概念一经提出,得到了各国政府、科研机构以及各类企业的大力推广和积极发展.感知层作为物联网信息获取的主要来源,其信息安全问题是物联网发展所面临的首要问题.对物联网感知层的信息获取方式以及存在的安全威胁进行了研究,并对现有的安全防护机制进行了分析和总结.最后,针对感知层目前存在的信息安全问题及其技术的发展趋势,提出了相应的应对建议措施.

  18. SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE INTERNET ADDICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egor Grigoryevich Gaynzev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper examined the Internet that turned to be the main communication gear and information transfer tool round the world. Every year a growing number of Internet users appear, many people thereof are prone to Internet addiction. The Internet addiction involves multiple social challenges namely the family issues, workplace constraints, proneness to conflict, negligence in daily pursuits and many other issues. The number of Internet users over the past 10 years grew from 10 million users to 40 million, and every year the quantity of people connected to the Internet increases. In consideration of that, threat of Internet addiction increases along with the raising number of Internet users. Exploring the Internet addiction gets more pressing, and its after-effects and origins as well. The scientists round the world have noted that the challenge grows at a fast pace, and virtually one in five Internet users being unlikely to escape exposure to risk. The major issues are as follows: deterioration of interpersonal relations, failure of young people to adapt to social requirements, personal challenges and other issues on whatsoever relations referred to social adaptation of an individual to the community. Therefore, the studies in Internet addiction phenomenon being one of the main tasks in sociology/ social studies, because the effects of the Internet addiction exert a direct impact on the contemporary society.

  19. Developing media and information literacy education to improve foreign language learning : working with Internet resources at advanced levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Górecka

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to discuss the relevance of media and information education in language learning at advanced levels. The present paper is based on the empirical data obtained during the action-research conducted with the Romance philology students attending the course of French as a foreign language. The main object of the research is to establish to what degree an oral argumentation task, preceded by the task of planning the discussion on Wiki is considered to be a learning situation by students themselves. The research focuses on a selected aspect of the learning process, namely, on the use of media resources while negotiating the discussion outline and specifically, while negotiating its topic, objectives and its cognitive value. The principal conclusions indicate 1 that the task scenario should be based on the critical and dialogical approach to media and 2 that this kind of instruction can reinforce the argumentative dimension of the discussion.

  20. PENGGUNAAN TEKNOLOGI INTERNET DALAM BISNIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oviliani Yuliana

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The uses of internet in business are for information exchange, product catalog, promotion media, electronic mail, bulletin boards, electronic questioner, and mailing list. Internet can also be used for dialog, discussion, and consultation with customer online, therefore consumer can be proactively and interactively involved in designing, developing, marketing, and selling products. There are 2 methods for marketing products via internet, which are push and pull marketing. The advantages of internet in business strategy are global and interactive communication, information supply; consumer based service; increased cooperation; possibility to open new marketplace, product or services; and integrated the activity on-line. There are 2 applications in electronic commerce, which are business-to-business and business-to-consumer commerce. Electronic commerce payment transaction is arranged by Electronic Funds Transfer system, whereas the data security is governed by Secure Socket Layer, which then be developed to Secure Electronic Transaction. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Internet dalam bisnis digunakan untuk pertukaran informasi, katalog produk, media promosi, surat elektronik, bulletin boards, kuesioner elektronik, dan mailing list. Internet juga bisa digunakan untuk berdialog, berdiskusi, dan konsultasi dengan konsumen secara on-line, sehingga konsumen dapat dilibatkan secara proaktif dan interaktif dalam perancangan, pengembangan, pemasaran, dan penjualan produk. Pemasaran lewat internet ada 2 metode, yaitu push dan pull marketing. Keunggulan strategi bisnis yang dapat diperoleh dari internet adalah komunikasi global dan interaktif; menyediakan informasi dan pelayanan sesuai dengan kebutuhan konsumen; meningkatkan kerja sama; memungkinkan untuk membuka pasar, produk, atau pelayanan baru; serta mengintegrasikan aktivitas secara on-line. Aplikasi Electronic Commerce ada 2, yaitu: Business-to-Consumer dan Business-to-Business Commerce. Pembayaran

  1. 基于物联网的高速公路运行管理系统设计%Highway Management Information System Based on Internet of Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘永; 林鹰; 蒋山; 苏小军

    2015-01-01

    设计了一种基于物联网技术的重庆市高速公路网运行管理信息系统服务平台体系架构,主要包括交通信息感知层、云架构信息接入与管理层、交通管理与服务应用层三层结构,并分析了各层的组织结构及应用功能。其中,利用物联网技术实现交通道路、车辆、事件的状态信息全面感知及传输,运用支持物联网技术的云接入、云处理、云管理以及应用系统整合能力解决海量数据的智能分析和高效处理。系统架构方案,可以实现交通运行状态感知信息和业务管理信息的资源共享、信息交换,为全面提高高速公路网运行日常管理效率与突发事件的应急指挥能力提供有效的技术支撑。%The paper proposed a new Chongqing highway operation management information system services platform architecture ,which is based on the comprehensive sensing of the traffic roads ,vehicles and incident status information and the support of internet of things technology , including cloud access , cloud processing , cloud management and system integration capabilities . The proposed architecture has three layers:traffic information sensing layer ,information access and management layer of cloud architecture and the application layer of traffic management and service .Also the paper defined each layer’s organization structure and application function .The proposed system architecture solution will provide a technology support that can achieve resource sharing and information exchange of the information of traffic operation status and business management ,and improve daily management efficiency and emergency command capability .

  2. Development of an internet based geothermal information system for Germany - region Baden-Wuerttemberg; Aufbau eines geothermischen Informationssystems fuer Deutschland - Landesteil Baden-Wuerttemberg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jodocy, M.; Stober, I. [Regierungspraesidium Freiburg (RPF), Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany)

    2008-10-15

    Renewable energies as a part of the total energy supply of the Federal Republic of Germany are to be extended in the next years. In terms of geothermal resources the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) supports the project ''Development of an Internet Based Geothermal System for Germany'' (GeotIS). The total duration of the project is three years. Lead-managed by the Leibniz Institute for Applied Geosciences (GGA-Institute) it is realized in a country wide joint venture project with different partners. Initially the geothermal information system will contain data only about hydrogeothermal resources. The object of the project is to improve quality in the planning stage of geothermal plants and to minimize explorations risks. Key parameters are production rate and temperature. The District Authority (Regierungspraesidium) Freiburg has been assigned to attend to the areas of the Upper Rhine Graben and the North Alpine Foreland Basin (Molasse Basin) both situated in Baden-Wuerttemberg. First intermediate results are presented. (orig.)

  3. 互联网金融的网络安全与信息安全要素分析%An Analysis of the Factors of Cyber and Information Security of the Internet Finance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢尔曼; 黄旭; 周杨

    2015-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the concept of the Internet finance,the paper first of all proposes that the Internet financial industry should not ignore risks of cyber and information security incurred by the factor of“Internet”.Then it delves comprehensively into the four information security threats confronted by the internet financial industry in terms of the Internet system framework,user privacy,network platform usability,enter-prise internal risk,combining with the Internet risk cases that are closely related to the Internet Financial busi-nesses.Finally,the paper puts forward network and information security factors of China′s Internet Financial development from five aspects,namely,enterprise strategy,cooperation strategy,law and discipline,the bal-ance between the ease of use and safety,and the enhancement of user information security education.%基于对互联网金融的概念剖析,提出互联网金融行业不可忽视由“互联网”这一要素所引入的网络安全和信息安全风险。进而从互联网体系本身、用户隐私、网络平台可用性、企业内部风险四个方面,结合与互联网金融业务密切相关的互联网风险事件案例,全面梳理互联网金融行业所面临的四大信息安全威胁。在此基础上,从企业战略、合作策略、法律与自律、权衡易用性与安全性、加强用户信息安全教育等五个方面,提出我国互联网金融发展的网络安全要素。

  4. 网络时代高校图书馆信息服务角色定位研究%Study on the Role Definition of University Library in Internet Age's Information Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭

    2015-01-01

    This paper expounds the current status of university library's information service, and from three aspects of information resources acquisition, librarian quality improvement and service mode innovation, analyzes the influence of the Internet on university library, and probes into the role definition of university library in Internet age's information service.%阐述了高校图书馆信息服务现状,从信息资源获取、馆员素质提升以及服务模式创新3个方面,剖析了网络对高校图书馆的影响,探讨了网络时代高校图书馆信息服务的角色定位.

  5. Internet health resources and the cancer patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, George J; Penson, David F

    2008-03-01

    The last decade has witnessed an explosion of online information regarding cancer and healthcare. Accompanying this has been a large body of research analyzing the quality of this information, how patients perceive these data and how this affects the doctor-patient relationship. This report reviews this literature, summarizing the current state of internet health resources available to the cancer patient and identifying areas for future research. Studies indicate that there are considerable internet resources available to cancer patients and that patients are using these resources as secondary information sources. Specifically, studies indicate that 16-64% of patients are using the internet to obtain health information. For the most part, patients perceive the online information to be reliable but maintain a healthy degree of skepticism. Studies objectively evaluating cancer information on the internet indicate that there is reasonable quality, although the language level of many sites is higher than that of the average American, which may limit the utility of the websites. Finally, while there is widespread internet use by physicians, healthcare providers are skeptical of their patients' ability to use the internet and may even be somewhat threatened by it. In summary, while there is a fairly large literature on internet resources available to the cancer patient, more research is needed. Specifically, it is important to better understand how patients access health information online and their associated preferences so that we can improve cancer patient's access to high quality health information on the internet to facilitate decision-making and health outcomes.

  6. Internet-Based Share Dealing in the New Global Marketplace

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    Stock brokering services are available via the Internet and investors in many countries can currently experience the benefits of Web-based share trading. Internet-based share trading is far more than completing the same transaction over the Internet. The Internet contains a wealth of information and many sites provide sophisticated facilities that allow the investor to research and monitor investments. This paper examines how Internet-based share trading differs from more traditional forms of...

  7. Internet-Based Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gernsbacher, Morton Ann

    2014-01-01

    Google the question, "How is the Internet changing the way we communicate?," and you will find no shortage of opinions, or fears, about the Internet altering the way we communicate. Although the Internet is not necessarily making communication briefer (neither is the Internet making communication less formal), the Internet is manifesting…

  8. 基于移动互联网的东莞大堤信息化管理平台设计%Design of Dongguan levee information management platform based on mobile Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖秉衡; 黄伟

    2016-01-01

    In view of the problems existing in information management of Dongguan levee, the levee information management platform based on mobile Internet was designed. With the targets of promoting levee information con⁃struction, a real-time information framework based on mobile internet, technologies of internet of things and data mining combined with experts’skills were adopted to establish an advanced, open, extensible, stable and reliable information management platform.%针对东莞大堤信息化管理存在的问题,提出设计基于移动互联网的大堤信息化管理平台。平台以推进大堤信息化建设为目标,采用基于移动互联网的实时信息架构,利用物联网、数据挖掘等技术并结合行业专家技能,搭建一个先进的、开放的、可扩展的、稳定可靠的信息化管理平台。

  9. Internet Activities among Malaysian Insurance Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tee Chee Kiat

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have been conducted to study Internet usage. Most of them focused on SMI/SME, individuals, services organisations including the financial sector. Previous studies on Internet usage in the financial sector in Malaysia were more focused towards the banking institutions. Not much information is available with regards to the Internet usage among insurance companies. Recognizing the potential of the Internet to insurance companies, the Central Bank of Malaysia (Bank Negara of Malaysia has established guidelines that allow insurers to offer their services online. This study describes the extent of Internet usage among Malaysian insurers. Some insurers have already begun to use the Internet to conduct their daily business transactions, some are in the midst of planning to use and some do not have plan to use at all. Many of them stated that security, customer readiness and cost of initial investment were important considerations when deciding to adopt Internet technologies.

  10. Internet dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukose, Rajan Mathew

    The World Wide Web and the Internet are rapidly expanding spaces, of great economic and social significance, which offer an opportunity to study many phenomena, often previously inaccessible, on an unprecedented scale and resolution with relative ease. These phenomena are measurable on the scale of tens of millions of users and hundreds of millions of pages. By virtue of nearly complete electronic mediation, it is possible in principle to observe the time and ``spatial'' evolution of nearly all choices and interactions. This cyber-space therefore provides a view into a number of traditional research questions (from many academic disciplines) and creates its own new phenomena accessible for study. Despite its largely self-organized and dynamic nature, a number of robust quantitative regularities are found in the aggregate statistics of interesting and useful quantities. These regularities can be understood with the help of models that draw on ideas from statistical physics as well as other fields such as economics, psychology and decision theory. This thesis develops models that can account for regularities found in the statistics of Internet congestion and user surfing patterns and discusses some practical consequences. practical consequences.

  11. If Internet credibility is so iffy, why the heavy use? The relationship between medium use and credibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavrositu, Carmen; Sundar, S Shyam

    2008-02-01

    Just because we use the Internet extensively, does it mean we think it is very credible? Not necessarily. Results of a large survey (N = 1,089) reveal that Internet credibility is predicted by Internet use for information purposes but not by Internet use for entertainment purposes. Further, newspaper use appears to predict individuals' Internet use and perceptions of Internet credibility.

  12. 因特网上科技资料的查询技巧%SEARCHING SKILL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION IN THE INTERNET

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田原

    2001-01-01

    介绍了因特网上中英文搜索引擎的用法,列出了因特网中的核化学、图书馆和数据库资源。%Directions of search engine in Chinese and English in th eInternet are introduced. Nuclear chemistry, library and database resources in the Internet a re listed.

  13. Analysis on the Era of Mobile Internet Information Security Strategy%移动互联网时代的信息安全应对策略探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玉科

    2016-01-01

    With the rapid development of information and communication technology and Internet technology, 4G network and mobile intelligent terminal has been widely used and widely used. However, information security threats and hidden dangers are also increasing. Based on this, this paper work experience, of the mobile Internet information security issues do preliminary analysis, and for the formulation of some strengthening of the mobile Internet information security management and protection strategy, for reference.%随着信息通信技术和互联网技术的飞速发展,4G网络及移动智能终端等得到了广泛普及与应用,居民在生产生活中获得了诸多便利。然而信息所受安全威胁和隐患也日益增多。基于此,文章结合工作经验,对移动互联网的信息安全问题做初步探讨分析,并有针对性地制定一些加强移动互联网信息安全管理与防护的策略,以供参考。

  14. Internet vis-a-vis marine biology

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Chavan, V.S.

    Internet is an amalgum of networks which reaches to more than 100 million people across the globe. The satellite-telecommunication based computer network web hosts information on every aspect of life. Marine biology related information too is being...

  15. “互联网+”环境下的电子文件信息安全风险的界定%Definition of Information Security Risks of Electronic Records under"Internet+"Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史杰

    2016-01-01

    This article is started with the concept of the information security, information security risks, information se-curity of electronic records, electronic records of information security risks, discussed the information security of elec-tronic records and electronic records information security risks difference and relationship. Summarized the"Internet+"form of electronic records information security risks environment, put forward the concept of"protogenous risks","asso-ciated risks","congenital risks", and"posteriority risks". and pointed out in the"Internet+"environment, identifying information security risks elements of electronic records, under the"Internet+"environment of information security risks assessment and control, it possesses important practical significance.%文章从信息安全、信息安全风险、电子文件信息安全、电子文件信息安全风险的概念入手,讨论了电子文件信息安全与电子文件信息安全风险的区别与关系。归纳了“互联网+”环境下电子文件信息安全风险的表现形式,提出了“原生风险”、“伴生风险”、”先天风险“、”后天风险“的概念。指出在“互联网+”环境下,理清电子文件信息安全风险要素,对“互联网+”环境下电子文件信息安全风险进行评估与控制,具有重要的现实意义。

  16. Survey on the Status of Health Information Use on the Internet of Community Residents in Hefei%合肥市社区居民对互联网健康信息的使用状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙奇; 任慧玲; 陈怡帆; 薛婉君; 林金银

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解社区居民对互联网健康信息的使用现状及互联网健康信息的使用与健康行为之间的联系。方法:采用分层整群抽样的方法,在安徽省合肥市7个区县中抽取10个社区,每个社区选择40户社区居民,采用调查问卷对社区居民获取互联网健康信息的途径、主要关注的健康信息类型、对互联网健康信息的信任程度、互联网健康信息对健康行为的影响进行调查。结果:83.9%的被调查者会经常使用网络来查看健康与疾病相关信息;网页和搜索引擎为社区居民获取互联网健康信息的主要方式;随年龄增长,会有更多的人通过网络获取健康信息;食品安全、养生保健、疾病信息是社区居民感兴趣的健康信息;49.6%的人对互联网上健康信息的真实性持中立态度,35.2%的人比较相信,13.6%的人不太相信;53.0%的人认为健康信息会对其健康行为产生影响。结论:互联网已成为社区居民获取健康信息的一种重要途径,多数人对互联网上的健康信息持较为信任的态度,互联网上的健康信息会对部分社区居民的健康行为产生一定影响。%Objective: To understand the current situation of the health information use in internet of community residents , and the relation-ships between health information use on internet and health behaviors.Methods:10 communities in 7 counties in Hefei were selected by stratified cluster random sampling.40 community residents in each community were conducted by a passive questionnaire, including the contents about the ways to access internet health information, the types that people interested in, the level of trust of internet health information and the effects of in-ternet health information use on health behaviors of community residents.Results:The rates of use the internet to access health and disease infor-mation were 84%.Web pages and search

  17. Students’ attitudes towards internet advertising study case: University of Pardubice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radbâță, A.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of computer technologies has changed the traditional ways of advertising. Nowadays, many companies have made internet part of their advertising media plan. Marketers found that internet has a greater flexibility and control over the advertising materials. However, there have been a lot of debates regarding the current state of internet advertising and how it compares to traditional advertising. Many researches have been made regarding who uses the internet and what are the internet users’ attitudes towards internet advertising. This research examines how students perceive internet advertising. A sample of 106 students from University of Pardubice (Czech Republic participated in this study. It explores their attitudes towards internet advertising, internet advertising informativeness, online purchasing patterns and their preference between internet advertising and traditional advertising.

  18. Design and Implementation of Enterprise Information Management System Based on Internet%一个基于Internet的企业信息系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟军

    2001-01-01

    This paper gives an account of the enterprise information management system based on Internet technology and describes the functions of the system.%基于Internet技术的信息管理系统是企业信息系统的发展趋势。通过一个实例介绍该系统的功能和主要实现技术。

  19. 基于Internet的异地并行设计中信息交换机制研究%Research on the Mechanism of Information Exchange in Remote Concurrent Design Based on Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙延明; 曾志新; 陈锦繁; 赖朝安; 王知衍; 蔡秀云

    2001-01-01

    The paper presents the desigu principle and method of product information exchange in remote concurrent design system that based on Internet associated with the implementation software we developed.%结合具体开发的相关软件平台,介绍了基于Internet的产品异地并行设计系统中的产品设计信息交换的设计原理及软件实现方法.

  20. LEARNIG TO BE INFORMED ON THE INTERNET: ¿ARE STUDENTS EFFECTIVE IN SEEKING AND SELECTING ONLINE INFORMATION? APRENDER A INFORMARSE EN LA RED: ¿SON LOS ESTUDIANTES EFICIENTES BUSCANDO Y SELECCIONANDO INFORMACIÓN?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Hernández Serrano

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available From an educational perspective, taking the Internet as an informational resource for education, the article analyzes the scope of the new information skills in regard to the concepts of literacy and information competence. This brief description of skills leads to the question of how students perform in their searching and selecting practices with online information. The main conclusions abstracted from the recent author’s research are brought to debate in order to respond questions raised about the skills needed to being effective in accessing and managing online information. Finally, since the new ways to locate and operate with the information contributes to the reorganization of both the traditional models of teaching/learning and the roles of the educational stakeholders, we understand that preparing students to meet the informational demands requires of teachers as mediators or facilitators of the informational process; thus, in the final section of the article, a proposal for teaching strategies in searching and selecting online information is explored, by describing several useful activities.Desde una óptica educativa, tomando la Red como recurso de información para la educación, el artículo analiza qué suponen las nuevas habilidades informativas, en lo que respecta a los conceptos de alfabetización y competencia informacional. Esta breve descripción y recapitulación de habilidades nos lleva a preguntarnos, en la práctica, por cómo los estudiantes realizan los procesos de búsqueda y selección de información en línea. Traemos a debate las principales conclusiones abstraídas de los resultados de algunas de las investigaciones más relevantes de las autoras, que dan respuesta a los interrogantes planteados en torno a las habilidades necesarias para acceder y manejar eficazmente la información digital. Finalmente, y puesto que los nuevos modos para localizar y operar con la información precisan reorganizaciones tanto de