WorldWideScience

Sample records for anamneses-based internet information

  1. Internet and information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文龙

    2001-01-01

    As the society develops, information becomesmore important than ever before. Computers willgradually be familiar to more and more people andbe used in more and more ways. Internet makes theworld integrated(合并) as a whole. So, it is important to learn how to make use of the Internet.

  2. Cancer Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Offices Close + - Text Size Cancer Information on the Internet For many people, the Internet has become the ... Always remember that the information found on the Internet should not take the place of medical advice. ...

  3. Internet Use for Health Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health Services Utilization > Internet use for Health Information Internet use for Health Information Narrative Due in part ... adults in the United States who use the Internet has increased substantially, from 47 percent in 2000 ...

  4. Internet Use for Health Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Health Services Utilization > Internet use for Health Information Internet use for Health Information Narrative Due in part to the growth in high-speed broadband, wireless networks, and mobile ...

  5. Perceptions of Internet Information Credibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzger, Miriam J.; Flanagin, Andrew J.

    2000-01-01

    Seeks to assess people's perceptions of the credibility of various categories of Internet information. Finds that respondents considered Internet information to be as credible as that obtained from television, radio, and magazines, but not as credible as newspaper information. Explores the social relevance of the findings and discusses them in…

  6. Internet technologies and information services

    CERN Document Server

    Miller, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    Internet Technologies and Information Services: Second Edition is a vital asset to students preparing for careers in library and information science and provides expanded coverage to important new developments while still covering Internet foundations. In addition to networking, the Internet, HTML, web design, web programming, XML, and web searching, this new edition covers additional topics such as cloud computing, content management systems, eBook technologies, mobile technologies and applications, relational database management systems (RDMS), open source software, and virtual priva

  7. Internet Network Resource Information Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈传峰; 李增智; 唐亚哲; 刘康平

    2002-01-01

    The foundation of any network management systens is a database that con-tains information about the network resources relevant to the management tasks. A networkinformation model is an abstraction of network resources, including both managed resources andmanaging resources. In the SNMP-based management framework, management information isdefined almost exclusively from a "device" viewpoint, namely, managing a network is equiva-lent to managing a collection of individual nodes. Aiming at making use of recent advances indistributed computing and in object-oriented analysis and design, the Internet management ar-chitecture can also be based on the Open Distributed Processing Reference Model (RM-ODP).The purpose of this article is to provide an Internet Network Resource Information Model.First, a layered management information architecture will be discussed. Then the Internetnetwork resource information model is presented. The information model is specified usingObject-Z.

  8. Finding Good Health Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... MedlinePlus Advantage Finding Good Health Information on the Internet Past Issues / Winter 2015 Table of Contents Millions ... get health information from magazines, TV, or the Internet. Some is reliable and up to date, some ...

  9. Customer perceptions on Internet banking information protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Redlinghuis

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: South Africa has a well-developed and established banking system which compares favourably with those in many developed countries (e.g. USA, but also sets South Africa apart from many other emerging market countries like Egypt and Brazil. Four dominant banks, namely the Amalgamated Banks of South Africa (ABSA, Standard Bank, Nedcor and First National Bank (FNB influence the South African banking environment. Internet banking has slowly been taking off in South Africa since 1996 as consumers are attracted to the convenience, safety and lower costs of doing banking online. Trust is a significant component of Internet banking and online services and products.Objectives: This article has reported on the results of a survey (a close-ended questionnaire that was conducted by alumni of the University of Johannesburg (UJ. The research problem for this study has been formulated as ‘what are Internet banking customers’ perception on information protection when using Internet banking services and products?’Method: The methodology for this study falls on quantitative research. The research study consisted of a detailed literature review, followed by an empirical component which consisted of a quantitative questionnaire. The questionnaire used in this study consisted of eight sections covering biographical information, financial institution and Internet banking, Internet banking service quality and delivery, Internet banking functionality, Internet banking costs, Internet banking convenience and relationships, Internet banking trust and Internet banking security and information technology (IT.Results: It was established that the findings of this research could assist financial institutions with fostering and building greater value adding relationships with their customers. These value-adding endeavours will ensure that customers experience and perceive their Internet banking experience to be enriching. Education and awareness campaigns are

  10. Internet at school: possibility for information literacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Conceição da Silva Linhares

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this work the contribution of teaching practices using social networking tools and computer literacy of high school students the Internet is analyzed. According to authors like Gasque (2012, Cervero (2007 Area (2006, Smith (2002 and Freire (1987, knowing how to use the information and the means to express it, a creative approach, understanding of what we read in conjunction keywords, concepts and ideas on how to intertextuality. This knowledge is evaluative in today's society, adjective by the exponential increase of information available in various formats and languages device through information and communication, including Internet technologies. The qualitative approach in the perspective of participant observation is the option that the object of this study suits to consider in its analysis, the relationships between subjects and cultural mediations, objectified by Internet spaces and tools to illuminate computer literacy. Develop pedagogical practices using social media and Internet tools for computer literacy work contributes to a significant experience with information.

  11. Mathematics of Information Processing and the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Eric W.

    2010-01-01

    The mathematics of information processing and the Internet can be organized around four fundamental themes: (1) access (finding information easily); (2) security (keeping information confidential); (3) accuracy (ensuring accurate information); and (4) efficiency (data compression). In this article, the author discusses each theme with reference to…

  12. Internet-based intelligent information processing systems

    CERN Document Server

    Tonfoni, G; Ichalkaranje, N S

    2003-01-01

    The Internet/WWW has made it possible to easily access quantities of information never available before. However, both the amount of information and the variation in quality pose obstacles to the efficient use of the medium. Artificial intelligence techniques can be useful tools in this context. Intelligent systems can be applied to searching the Internet and data-mining, interpreting Internet-derived material, the human-Web interface, remote condition monitoring and many other areas. This volume presents the latest research on the interaction between intelligent systems (neural networks, adap

  13. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, INTERNET, AND MARKETING

    OpenAIRE

    Mihane Berisha-Namani

    2013-01-01

    Information technology developed very fast, and today's marketing activities are not possible without the help of information technology. Furthermore, it is difficult to think of a policy domain not affected by usage of information technology. Information technology is making possible and creating connections between businesses and organizations. The implications of information technology usage in marketing activities are profound too. Using information technology, companies possess the poten...

  14. Essays on Internet and Information Economics

    OpenAIRE

    van der Noll, R.

    2006-01-01

    textabstractIn the last decade we have witnessed advances in information and communication technologies. These ICTs play a central role in the world economy: the rise of the Internet has facilitated the dissemination of information, while technological progress at the same time enhances the acquisition of information, for example in health care. Nevertheless, information processing is still bound by human nature, and the ease by which one economic agent can nowadays contact another may overlo...

  15. Internet Renewable energy Information System (IRIS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bäurle, Britta; Nielsen, Vilhjalmur; Ménard, Lionel

    1999-01-01

    Even though the Internet is now a widely accessible data source, the unorganised flood of information makes a specific request e.g. for renewable energy products inefficient. In addition, existing databases on renewable energies are often old and incomplete. The objective of IRIS has been...... to organise and retrieve renewable energy product information on the Internet instead of collecting it manually. Updating coincides with the self interestself-interest of manufacturers to present their latest renewable energy products on their own HTML documents. IRIS is based on a set of powerful tools...... and intends to find, extract, collect and index HTML documents with standardised META tags that are widely spread across web servers on the Internet. This paper presents the structure of IRIS, the software tools, and gives one example of how to categorise and prepare web-sites with product information...

  16. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, INTERNET, AND MARKETING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihane Berisha-Namani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Information technology developed very fast, and today's marketing activities are not possible without the help of information technology. Furthermore, it is difficult to think of a policy domain not affected by usage of information technology. Information technology is making possible and creating connections between businesses and organizations. The implications of information technology usage in marketing activities are profound too. Using information technology, companies possess the potential to reach more customers, introduce new products and services quickly, and collaborate with suppliers and business partners from all over the world. We should emphasize that information technology usage in marketing supports an integral approach to all marketing activities of a company and produces a large amount of information on buyers and markets. The aim of this paper is to describe information technology usage for marketing purposes. This paper starts with a description of information technology usage in business. It transitions into highlighting information technology and its role in marketing. The last part draws out the main conclusions and suggests that more attention should be paid to the potential of information technology usage for marketing purposes since this technology today is the key to better marketing activities and success in business.

  17. Use of the Internet for Health Information: United States, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... National Technical Information Service NCHS Use of the Internet for Health Information: United States, 2009 Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... more likely than men to have used the Internet for health information. Women were more likely than men to have ...

  18. Internet GIS and water resource information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    GIS is Geographic Information System, a computer system capable of integrating, storing, editing, analyzing, sharing and displaying geographically referenced information. At present, GIS is not only limited to cartography but also involves in various activities i.e. scientific investigation, natural resource management, environmental impact, assessment, etc. Internet GIS allows more information sharing as many users can access GIS at the same time. Another progress in GIS is GIS/MIS where non-geographical information (customized to users' purposes) regarding the particular area was overlaid with GIS. Internet GIS/MIS is useful for water resource management, as it gives users better understanding of the overall picture i.e. GIS: locations of rivers/basins, topography of the flooded/drought areas, linkages of geographical factors and natural disasters occurred and MIS: water demand and supply thus gives users the ability to find best solution for each area and manage water resource in a sustainable manner. (author)

  19. Internet GIS and water resource information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    GIS is Geographic Information System, a computer system capable of integrating, storing, editing, analyzing, sharing and displaying geographically referenced information. At present, GIS is not only limited to cartography but also involves in various activities i.e. scientific investigation, natural resource management, environmental impact assessment, etc. Internet GIS allows more information sharing as many users can access GIS at the same time. Another progress in GIS is GIS/MIS where non geographical information (customized to users' purposes) regarding the particular area was overlaid with GIS. Internet GIS/MIS is useful for water resource management as it gives users better understanding of the overall picture i.e. GIS: locations of rivers/basins, topography of the flooded/drought areas, linkages of geographical factors and natural disasters occurred and MIS: water demand and supply thus gives users the ability to find best solution for each area and manage water resource in a sustainable manner. (author)

  20. The Internet - an information pipeline for petroleum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharry, J. [Consultant, Garland, TX (United States)

    1995-06-01

    Telnet, Gopher, FTP, WWW, Mosaic, Archie, Usenet, Home Page, E-mail. These terms represent some of the services available to users of the Internet. Use Usenet to ask the world for comments on software or participate in a discussion on proposed regulations. With Gopher, search the card catalog at the Library of Congress, the University of Texas, or Oxford University. Find locations of USGS map files with Archie and download them directly to your PC, Macintosh, or workstation with FTP (file transfer protocol). Use the graphical interface of Mosaic to access the World Wide Web to view company information, new product announcements, data and more. Use of the Internet currently falls into three broad categories: data and program transmission, discussions between individuals or groups, and general information about companies, services, and products. Many government agencies and universities are making information such as USGS culture and topographic data available for free on the Internet. Numerous mapping, visualization, and coordinate transformation programs are available for downloading to your computer. Discussions and requests for information take place daily on the news groups. You can send E-mail and data files to many vendors to get help. You can actually send them the data that is causing the problem and they can load it and work with it directly, not a faxed copy. Many companies, universities, professional societies and government agencies have set up Home Pages describing products and services. You can even retrieve abstracts from some sources. There are numerous FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions Lists) that are posted monthly to help the new user. The Internet is an inexpensive new communications tool available to both large corporations and individuals alike. In this presentation I will demonstrate these and other ways the Internet can be used by the petroleum professional.

  1. Problems with seraching information on the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    BENEŠ, Jan

    2016-01-01

    This thesis is about problems concerning searching information on the internet with which ordinary users can come together. The goal is to explain to readers different parts of searching like history, other choices of searching, making queries using operators or the problems with searching itself especially from the view of ordinary user. The aim is also to find out how in fact ordinary user searches and to determine the most common problems that he faces. First part describes basic concepts ...

  2. 46 CFR 503.24 - Information available via the internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information available via the internet. 503.24 Section... Information Act Procedures § 503.24 Information available via the internet. (a) The Commission maintains an internet web site. The Commission home page may be found at http://www.fmc.gov. (b) The following...

  3. Evaluation of internet derived patient information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, JBM; Leach, P

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION The internet is a widely used, powerful resource for patients to research medical conditions. There is an extensive amount of information available on the internet. It is important for patient information to be accurate and in an easily accessible format. This article aims to assess the quality of patient information on hydrocephalus and compares the findings with recent evaluations in other surgical specialties. METHODS The term ‘hydrocephalus’ was searched for on the search engines http://www.google.com/, http://www.bing.com/ and http://www.yahoo.com/. The top 20 results of these searches were assessed using the University of Michigan consumer health website evaluation checklist. RESULTS The quality of patient information websites on hydrocephalus is highly variable. Websites rarely provide sufficient authorship information, do not review their information regularly enough and only reference material occasionally. The background of the provider was found to influence the quality of the website, with academic and care providers creating the best websites. CONCLUSIONS On comparing our findings with those of recent studies from other surgical specialties, it was found that there was often a conflict of interest between the background of the provider and the information supplied. It is recommended that clinicians personally research material for their patients to be able to guide them to suitable, accurate websites. PMID:22943222

  4. Internet uses for health information seeking : Internet uses and healthcare information

    OpenAIRE

    Renahy, Emilie; Chauvin, Pierre

    2006-01-01

    Background: With the widespread dissemination of the Internet throughout the world of health, it would be relevant to report on current knowledge about health information search on the Internet from the consumers' standpoint. Methods: We conducted a bibliographical research over the past five years and distinguished between international and French studies. Results: For a long time, the (mostly US) studies have been merely descriptive. The studies highlight that the factors associated with he...

  5. Internet public information for fuel cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sudhoff, F.A. [Dept. of Energy, Morgantown, WV (United States)

    1995-08-01

    The rapid development and integration of the Internet into the mainstream of professional life provide the fuel cell industry with the opportunity to share new ideas with unprecedented capabilities. The U.S. Department of Energy`s Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) has undertaken the task to provide a service where current fuel cell descriptions and information are available to customers, manufactures, academia, and the general public. METC has developed a Fuel Cell Forum where members can exchange ideas and information pertaining to fuel cell technologies using the Internet. Forum membership is encouraged from utilities, industry, universities, and Government. Because of the public nature of the Internet, business sensitive, confidential, or proprietary information should not be placed on this system. The views and opinions of authors expressed in the forum do not necessarily state or reflect those of the U.S. Government or METC. METC, has endeavored to develop a World Wide Web (WWW) location committed to the description and development of the fuel cell. Netscape or compatible software provides access to the METC Homepage. The user then selects Advanced Power Systems, then Fuel Cells. Fuel cell overview and description is followed by a presentation of the fuel cell system characteristics and advantages. Descriptions of major fuel cell projects are provided in the FACTS section. Finally, as a service to METC customers, the homepage provides a calendar and points of contact. Updates to the WWW location are occasionally made revealing current technical advances in fuel cells. In the continuing effort to further improve public knowledge and perception of fuel cell power generation, METC has created two new modes of communication using the Internet.

  6. 47 CFR 73.3617 - Information available on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Information available on the Internet. 73.3617 Section 73.3617 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... the Internet. The Media Bureau and each of its Divisions provide information on the Internet...

  7. Internet Use for Health Information among College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escoffery, Cam; Miner, Kathleen R.; Adame, Daniel D.; Butler, Susan; McCormick, Laura; Mendell, Elizabeth

    2005-01-01

    Use of the Internet to retrieve health information is increasingly common. The authors surveyed 743 undergraduate students at 2 academic institutions to examine their Internet use, health-seeking behaviors, and attitudes related to the use of the Internet to obtain health information. Fifty-three percent of the respondents indicated that they…

  8. Patients' increasing search for health information on internet.

    OpenAIRE

    Schee, E. van der; Delnoij, D.

    2004-01-01

    Background: The number of web sites on the internet, providing health information, discussion groups, internet doctors or selling drugs is increasing fast. In 2001, the number was rated over 100.000 (Risk and Dzenowagis, 2001). The growing number of websites on these topics might be expected to match growing numbers of people using the internet to search for health information. However, no knowledge is available on this development. Aim: To monitor the development in the use of internet by th...

  9. Efficient information gathering on the Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Etzioni, O.; Hanks, S.; Waarts, O. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    The Internet offers unprecedented access to information. At present most of this information is free, but information providers are likely to start charging for their services in the near future. With that in mind this paper introduces the following information access problem: given a collection of n information sources, each of which has a known time delay, dollar cost and probability of providing the needed information, find an optimal schedule for querying the information sources. We study several variants of the problem which differ in the definition of an optimal schedule. We first consider a cost model in which the problem is to minimize the expected total cost (monetary and time) of the schedule, subject to the requirement that the schedule may terminate only when the query has been answered or all sources have been queried unsuccessfully. We develop an approximation algorithm for this problem and for an extension of the problem in which more than a single item of information is being sought. We then develop approximation algorithms for a reward model in which a constant reward is earned if the information is successfully provided, and we seek the schedule with the maximum expected difference between the reward and a measure of cost. The monetary and time costs may either appear in the cost measure or be constrained not to exceed a fixed upper bound; these options give rise to four different variants of the reward model.

  10. Internet Politics in an Information economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon Marshall

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available It is argued that models of the "new" Information economy are in many ways incompatible with the more free wheeling modes of exchange which were part of the traditions of online society. The so called "hacker ethic" built around the prestation of open or free software seems to be under challenge, and not, as Pekka Himanen suggests, the forerunner of a new freer society. Knowledge workers may not be particularly powerful, or part of any kind of democratic vanguard. A contestation over types of property is occurring and apparently being won by the corporate sector. Furthermore it seems the "information society" may favour inaccuracies and certainty in information, rather than a kind of problem solving democracy based on factuality. As a result expectations that the Internet may lead to a revitalisation of democracy, or discussion, are probably over optimistic.

  11. A Moderated Mediation Model of Internet Use for Health Information

    OpenAIRE

    Saeed Pahlevan Sharif; Ashraf Sadat Ahadzadeh; Khong Kok Wei

    2015-01-01

    Background: Using technology acceptance model (TAM), prior studies revealed that attitude towards Internet use for health information differently affected behavioral intention to use the Internet for health information. In other words, some results showed a smaller influence of attitude on Internet use for health information as compared to results of other researches. The level of health consciousness could explain the differences in the existing literature on magnitude of the influence of at...

  12. Seeking Information for School Purposes on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunn, Holly; Hepburn, Gary

    2003-01-01

    Reports findings of a study in four Nova Scotia public schools of twelfth grade students' information seeking strategies when using the Internet as an information source. Discusses student's knowledge of World Wide Web search engines; how students acquired Internet information seeking knowledge; and how students perceive their ability to locate…

  13. The Effect of Students' Perceptions of Internet Information Quality on Their Use of Internet Information in Inquiry-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pow, Jacky; Li, Sandy C.

    2015-01-01

    In Web 2.0 environments, the quality of published information can vary significantly and much of the information on the Internet is unproven. This unverified information hinders rather than facilitates student learning, especially among undergraduate students who depend heavily on Internet resources for their studies. Currently, we do not have…

  14. Internet Governance and the Information Society: Sociopolitical Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Lic. Giulio Adinolfi

    2007-01-01

    The information society reflects an effect of the increasing expansion of the globalisation that determines a general increase in the speed of the Internet. Internetwork World Wide Web represents the synthesis or the core of the global society. The UN and the World Summit of the Information Society have granted powers to the Work Group of Internet Governance, which has to elaborate on "Internet governance" and to evaluate if it is possible. This group has to solve political problems like gove...

  15. Internet skills : vital assets in an information society

    OpenAIRE

    Deursen, van, D.S.

    2010-01-01

    Internet Skills, vital assets in an information society starts with a brief history of communication technologies. It appears that in the course of history, these technologies have changed and have put increasing demands on the people that use them. Moreover, the stakes for not being able to keep up with these technologies have also increased. Special attention is given to the Internet as a contributor to social inequality in contemporary information society. Since the impact of the Internet ...

  16. An Internet-Based Accounting Information Systems Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Louise

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes a student project assignment used in an accounting information systems course. We are now truly immersed in the internet age, and while many required accounting information systems courses and textbooks introduce database design, accounting software development, cloud computing, and internet security, projects involving the…

  17. The Internet as a Source of Information about Sexuality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daneback, Kristian; Mansson, Sven-Axel; Ross, Michael W.; Markham, Christine M.

    2012-01-01

    To use the Internet for sex educational purposes and for sex information has been recognised by prior research as benefits of the technological development and important areas to investigate, but few empirical studies have so far been conducted. The purpose of this study was to identify those who use the Internet to seek information about sexual…

  18. Recuperar a informação eletrônica pela internet Research internet electronic information

    OpenAIRE

    Blattmann, Ursula; Fachin, Gleisy Regina Bóries; Rados, Gregório Jean Varvakis

    1999-01-01

    Use the search mechanisms for finding information in the Internet. National and international searching tools to research information in hipermedia pages in the Worl Wide Web. Formalarization of the syntax for searching information in the Internet.

  19. Internet Fraud: Information for Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nkotagu, Gabriel Hudson

    2011-01-01

    Internet fraud takes a number of forms with the responsible individuals changing tactics rapidly to avoid detection. The perpetrators rely on telemarketing, emails, as well as presenting themselves personally to unsuspecting people. The evolution of internet marketing as well as ecommerce and the ease of connectivity create increasing…

  20. Nuke@ - a nuclear information internet server

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slone, B.J. III.; Richardson, C.E.

    1994-12-31

    To facilitate Internet communications between nuclear utilities, vendors, agencies, and other interested parties, an Internet server is being established. This server will provide the nuclear industry with its first file-transfer protocol (ftp) connection point, its second mail server, and a potential telnet connection location.

  1. The internet, teenagers, and sexual health information: a cautionary tale

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Although most Israeli teenagers have access to the web and many have used the internet to obtain health information, they do not have access to accurate and complete information about contraceptives on Hebrew language websites. Indeed other evidence suggests that teens do not use the web frequently for health information, they are wary of the information obtained from internet sites, and the search engines that they use may not lead them to the most helpful resources. While the internet has the capacity to provide teenagers with information which can assist them in preventing unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, interventions that address these challenges need to be developed and rigorously tested. PMID:23006821

  2. System collaboration and Information Sharing through Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Grubisic, Maja; Marsic, Tina

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this thesis is realization of system collaboration and information sharing between devices through Internet of Things. Internet of Things is a network of things, where a thing can be any device capable of acquiring an IP address. Internet of Things has been discussed in many domains. Companies are exploring the full potential of it, with the purpose of automating their services and optimizing their productivity. In this thesis we have conducted a systematic research review to inv...

  3. Information Privacy: The Attitudes and Behaviours of Internet Users

    OpenAIRE

    Jakovljević, Marija

    2011-01-01

    The rise of electronic commerce and the Internet have created new technologies and capabilities, which increase concern for privacy online. This study reports on the results of an investigation of Internet users attitudes towards concern for privacy online, online behaviours adopted under varying levels of concern for privacy (high, moderate and low) and the types of information Internet users are protective of. Methodological triangulation was used, whereby both quantitative and qualitative ...

  4. Failure and success of jihadi information operations on the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Zoto, Edval N.

    2013-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Obscure entities, individuals, and organizations engaged in jihad have made the Internet their most powerful tool for conducting information operations. Internet outlets, especially social networking sites, provide jihadis with access to the whole world. At the same time, the current Internet environment allows sustainable research about the uses of these resources for the cause of jihad, and simultaneously provides new opportunities ...

  5. Patients' increasing search for health information on internet.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schee, E. van der; Delnoij, D.

    2004-01-01

    Background: The number of web sites on the internet, providing health information, discussion groups, internet doctors or selling drugs is increasing fast. In 2001, the number was rated over 100.000 (Risk and Dzenowagis, 2001). The growing number of websites on these topics might be expected to matc

  6. Research Trends on Information Needs and Use of Internet Users

    OpenAIRE

    Shan-Ju L. Chang

    2002-01-01

    This paper reviews the literature on Internet user studies and analyzed the empirical findings from Internet surveys, user studies of digital libraries, search behavior on search engines, usability studies of websites, etc. Based on the analysis, the author points out the trends of user studies in Library and Information Science and suggests the directions for future research.[Article content in Chinese

  7. Using Metadata to Build Geographic Information Sharing Environment on Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Chih-hong Sun; Shyang-woei Lin; Han-wen Shaw

    1999-01-01

    Internet provides a convenient environment to share geographic information. Web GIS (Geographic Information System) even provides users a direct access environment to geographic databases through Internet. However, the complexity of geographic data makes it difficult for users to understand the real content and the limitation of geographic information. In some cases, users may misuse the geographic data and make wrong decisions. Meanwhile, geographic data are distributed across various govern...

  8. Application of some Retrieved Information Method on Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vu Thanh Nguyen

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares several methods of information extraction on the internet. Today, internet has become a treasure of knowledge. Every year, thousands of pieces of different information are posted on the internet. So, extracted information on the internet for many different purposes has become an important problem today. Users may extract information based on some available tools such as Lapis, Risk, Rapier, Wien, and Stalker. However, these tools have a disadvantage: we must update the training data when the website changes. So SVM and CRF associated with natural language processing are the best solutions to solve this problem. Information extraction from online Vietnamese news website with SVM and CRF brings experiment results that is very optimistic. Its results reach nearly 90% of the accuracy in websites and the processing time is less than one minute per site when the specified number of link levels is 1 within the base site.

  9. Information filing system on the internet; Internet jo no joho filing system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwamoto, H. [The Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc., Osaka (Japan); Kakimoto, T. [Fujitsu Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-07-01

    Now a days various kinds of information is flowing in the Internet. Especially huge amount of information is available on the WWW (World Wide Web) and it contains useful technical information at the high rate, which we can hope to be increasing. But WWW has two problems caused by the flood of information, the problem of the information searching (difficulty of getting information on WWW) and the problem of the information filing (difficulty of arranging the information got on the Internet). They prevent the efficient utilization of information on WWW. We have investigated the measures against them and developed Technical Information Filing System (TIFS). TIFS is the practical environment for utilization of information on WWW which supports gathering, registration and retrieval of the information. 22 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  10. Parents’ Internet use for information about HPV vaccine

    Science.gov (United States)

    McRee, Annie-Laurie; Reiter, Paul L.; Brewer, Noel T.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose The Internet is an increasingly common source of health-related information. We sought to examine associations between parents’ Internet information-seeking and their knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. Methods We interviewed parents within a year after approval of HPV vaccine for females and males. Participants were North Carolina parents with daughters ages 10–18 surveyed by telephone in Fall 2007 (n=773); and a national sample of parents with sons ages 11–17 surveyed online in Fall 2010 (n=115). We used multivariate regression to examine associations of past and intended Internet seeking for HPV vaccine information with knowledge and health belief model-related constructs. Results Among parents of daughters, having heard of HPV vaccine through the Internet (8%) was associated with higher HPV knowledge, perceived likelihood of HPV, and vaccination willingness, and with receiving a doctor’s recommendation. It was also associated with lower perceived vaccine harms, uncertainty, and anticipated regret. Parents of sons who heard of HPV vaccine through the Internet (10%) perceived greater barriers to vaccination than parents who learned about HPV vaccine for males through other sources. Intended future Internet information-seeking among parents of daughters (69%) was more likely if they perceived a lower likelihood that their daughters would get HPV if they were vaccinated (all p<.05). Conclusions Our findings suggest a positive influence of accessing information on the Internet about HPV vaccine. It was associated with higher knowledge and mostly positive parental attitudes and beliefs. PMID:22172505

  11. GIS Based Interactive Ecotourism and Environmental Information System in Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Cekule, M; Čabs, K; Junkurs, A

    2006-01-01

    Internet is one of the most democratic and objective information technologies, but precise spatial characteristics of a certain territory can be shown on the map. Data geolocalization and digital cartography is developed in the Internet environment, and it is the most suitable and universal communication tool, which can well substitute the textual information. The main aims of this research are:  evaluation of existing and potencial natural basement territories in Latvia accordi...

  12. Bridging the eye health information gap through the internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sally Parsley

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The internet connects millions of computers around the world. Once connected, the eye health worker can use internet services to: * access the most up-to-date information at a fraction of the traditional cost of journal subscription via the new Open Access publishing model * communicate with colleagues, reducing the sense of professional isolation which comes from geographical separation * engage in a two way process of communication between health information providers and users * publish locally appropriate material more easily.

  13. Evaluation of radiography careers information on the Internet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this paper was to investigate whether information about radiography careers that was placed on the Internet was accessible, accurate, understandable, comprehensive, abundant and attractive to a sample of school children. Additionally this paper investigated whether the sample of school children had access to the Internet and whether they knew how to use it. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess views on the radiography information, Internet access and knowledge of how to use the Internet. Questionnaire data were then analysed and the Websites were ranked. Thirty-three Websites were evaluated; these gave varying qualities of information with questionnaire scores ranging from 188 to 76. This investigation showed that there are many Websites available about radiography as a career. The site that performed most successfully overall in this evaluation was the NHS Careers Website. This site was ranked highest for the design section but the University of Salford's Website performed top for content

  14. Evaluation of radiography careers information on the Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boxall, Amy; Holmes, Ken E-mail: k.g.holmes@salford.ac.uk

    2004-02-01

    The purpose of this paper was to investigate whether information about radiography careers that was placed on the Internet was accessible, accurate, understandable, comprehensive, abundant and attractive to a sample of school children. Additionally this paper investigated whether the sample of school children had access to the Internet and whether they knew how to use it. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess views on the radiography information, Internet access and knowledge of how to use the Internet. Questionnaire data were then analysed and the Websites were ranked. Thirty-three Websites were evaluated; these gave varying qualities of information with questionnaire scores ranging from 188 to 76. This investigation showed that there are many Websites available about radiography as a career. The site that performed most successfully overall in this evaluation was the NHS Careers Website. This site was ranked highest for the design section but the University of Salford's Website performed top for content.

  15. Customer perceptions on Internet banking information protection

    OpenAIRE

    André Redlinghuis; Chris Rensleigh

    2010-01-01

    Background: South Africa has a well-developed and established banking system which compares favourably with those in many developed countries (e.g. USA), but also sets South Africa apart from many other emerging market countries like Egypt and Brazil. Four dominant banks, namely the Amalgamated Banks of South Africa (ABSA), Standard Bank, Nedcor and First National Bank (FNB) influence the South African banking environment. Internet banking has slowly been taking off in South Africa since 1996...

  16. The Impact of the Internet on Information Searching and Demand for Traditional Information Resources

    OpenAIRE

    Anton Bekkerman; Gregory Gilpin

    2011-01-01

    The Internet is an efficient information search tool whose growth may have caused a structural change in information search and acquisition behaviors. This study investigates the effects of growing Internet accessibility on these behaviors. Using U.S. public library circulation counts to quantify changes in the use of information resources, the analysis indicates that greater Internet accessibility contributes to increased demand for traditional information sources. That is, a complementary r...

  17. INFORMATION SEEKING BEHAVIOUR OF STUDENTS IN THE INTERNET ERA

    OpenAIRE

    S. R. Girija

    2014-01-01

    Libraries develop their collections, facilities and services to meet the information needs of their patrons. However, in order to accomplish this task effectively, libraries must have a thorough understanding of the information needs and information seeking behavior of their users. This article examines the information - seeking behaviour of scholars in the Internet era. The articles focuses on how electronic information resources influence the information seeking process in s...

  18. Informal Adult Learning and the Internet. Trends and Issues Alert.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imel, Susan

    The Internet seems an ideal medium for fostering and supporting informal adult learning because it allows adults to seek out and use resources independently, control the pace and direction of learning, and talk to and consult others. Because it provides access to information, encourages meaningful interaction with information or material, and…

  19. INFORMATION AND THEIR POWER IN ADVERTISEMENT ON INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mubarak Omar Musa Musa

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is dealing with information and its power in advertisement. In first part explains marketing and information in marketing. Comes through information generally and ends in clarifying advertisement. On model firm gives advices how to increase stability of the firm on local market, possibilities of increasing the effectiveness of marketing through internet.

  20. INFORMATION AND THEIR POWER IN ADVERTISEMENT ON INTERNET

    OpenAIRE

    Mubarak Omar Musa Musa

    2013-01-01

    The article is dealing with information and its power in advertisement. In first part explains marketing and information in marketing. Comes through information generally and ends in clarifying advertisement. On model firm gives advices how to increase stability of the firm on local market, possibilities of increasing the effectiveness of marketing through internet.

  1. A descriptive model of information problem solving while using internet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brand-Gruwel, Saskia; Wopereis, Iwan; Walraven, Amber

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents the IPS-I-model: a model that describes the process of information problem solving (IPS) in which the Internet (I) is used to search information. The IPS-I-model is based on three studies, in which students in secondary and (post) higher education were asked to solve information

  2. Problems in the Information Dissemination of the Internet Routing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO YiXin(赵邑新); YIN Xia(尹霞); WU JianPing(吴建平)

    2003-01-01

    Internet routing is achieved by a set of nodes running distributed algorithms -routing protocols. However, many nodes are resistless to wrong messages or improper operations,unable to detect or correct them. Thus a wrong message or an improper operation can easilysweep almost the whole Internet. Such a fragile Internet routing comes from the features of thesealgorithms and protocols. Besides, the strategies taken by the network equipment manufacturersand administrators also are of important influence. When determining the options or selectionsin the implementation/operation, they always pay more attention to the expense of a single nodeor a single area and make some simplifications in implementations and configurations while caringless about the influence on the whole network. This paper tries to illustrate such a scheme is notreasonable at all and suggests the consideration from the view of the overall optimization. Fromthree typical cases involved in the Internet routing, a general model is abstracted, which makes theresults signiflcative for more Internet related aspects. This paper evaluates the complexity of thetheoretical analysis, then acquires the effect of error information on the whole network through thesimulation on the Internet topology. It is shown that even very little error information can incursevere impact on the Internet. And it will take much more efforts of downstream nodes to makeremedies. This result is intuitively revealed through the comparisons in the charts and the visualpresentations. Then a hierarchical solution to establish the upgrade plan is given, which helps toupgrade the nodes of the network in a most efficient and economical way.

  3. Non-users of Internet in the information society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Viktorovna Zagidullina

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Several surveys of Russian attitudes towards the Internet are examined. An official surveyor shows that the Internet audience is constantly growing in Russia. But surveys of ‘ordinary people’ demonstrate a symptom of Internet ‘hate’: many prefer to escape totally from social media and the Internet space. This audience needs to be investigated in order to answer the question: “are ‘non-users’ just ordinary ‘socio-phobic individuals’ or is their attitude a real trend in society and a new social behavior”. This article is a preliminary investigation that does not provide answers to this question, but aims to open a discussion. The population of provincial Russia is a very special object of exploration with respect to their attitudes toward Internet because of three important factors: 1 recent penetration of the Internet in social practice; 2 strong tradition of collective life, making social media relatively unimportant; 3 special informational needs excluding the Internet as a satisfying means of information.

  4. Internet Information:Freedom or Security? A Big Question

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chih Wang

    2004-01-01

    In the modern democratic society, all people should have freedom of access to, holding, and imparting various formats of information. However, many human fences have limited the freedom of access to information and the free flow of Internet communications. This paper extracts passages from selected international accords and U. S. statutes relating to the people's rights of access to information. It also highlights many U. S. government activities relating to its national security after the September - 11 terrorist attacks and people's reactions with regard to their consequences on the freedom of access to Internet information.

  5. The internet, teenagers, and sexual health information: a cautionary tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonenstein Freya

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Although most Israeli teenagers have access to the web and many have used the internet to obtain health information, they do not have access to accurate and complete information about contraceptives on Hebrew language websites. Indeed other evidence suggests that teens do not use the web frequently for health information, they are wary of the information obtained from internet sites, and the search engines that they use may not lead them to the most helpful resources. While the internet has the capacity to provide teenagers with information which can assist them in preventing unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, interventions that address these challenges need to be developed and rigorously tested.

  6. 1st International Conference on Internet Computing and Information Communications

    CERN Document Server

    Awasthi, Lalit; Masillamani, M; Sridhar, S

    2014-01-01

    The book presents high quality research papers presented by experts in the International Conference on Internet Computing and Information Communications 2012, organized by ICICIC Global organizing committee (on behalf of The CARD Atlanta, Georgia, CREATE Conferences Inc). The objective of this book is to present the latest work done in the field of Internet computing by researchers and industrial professionals across the globe. A step to reduce the research divide between developed and under developed countries.

  7. Internet and information technology use by dental students in Chile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uribe, S; Mariño, R J

    2006-08-01

    As part of a larger cross-country survey of dental students, students from the School of Dentistry, The University of Valparaiso, were invited to participate in a study to describe their use of information and communication technology (ICT). Information was derived from a 124-item questionnaire which included 14 socio-demographic items and 29 items asking about ICT use. ICT items were derived from a University of Birmingham, UK, battery. Data was collected in July and August 2004. A total of 162 of the 249 dental students participated in the study. The average age of students was 21.0 years (SD 2.4 years). The majority of participants (62.1%) were female. All participants had access to a computer, and 96.4% used the Internet. Most students had home Internet connections (73.4%). The most commonly used Internet sites on at least a weekly basis were: email (92.2%); and search engines (88.3%). However, a very few (21.1%) used the Internet to search for dental information for their studies on at least a weekly basis. Furthermore, although the majority (70.4%) found Internet use easy/very easy, 56.2% indicated that any search for information was easy/very easy. The majority (72.2%) indicated that the use of virtual education would not affect their class attendance. The final multivariate model explained 26% of the variance in ICT use, significant predictors for ICT use were gender, year of study, level of difficulty in using Internet, and place of Internet use. However, Internet use was mostly for non-dental purposes. PMID:16842591

  8. Research Trends on Information Needs and Use of Internet Users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan-Ju L. Chang

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the literature on Internet user studies and analyzed the empirical findings from Internet surveys, user studies of digital libraries, search behavior on search engines, usability studies of websites, etc. Based on the analysis, the author points out the trends of user studies in Library and Information Science and suggests the directions for future research.[Article content in Chinese

  9. Privacy and security in Internet-based information systems

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobsson, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    In an increasingly networked world, where new technologies and applications are rapidly introduced into homes and offices of users, complexity is rising. As a consequence, threats and dangers related to Internet usage are more eminent than ever before. A central assumption is that if human activity is to evolve and grow in the environment constituted by the Internet, a sound control of personal information, and a reasonable level of protection from malicious and deceitful behaviors is necessa...

  10. Scoliosis related information on the internet in China: can patients benefit from this information?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongda Bao

    Full Text Available There has been an increasing popularity of searching health related information online in recent years. Despite that considerable amount of scoliosis patients have shown interest in obtaining scoliosis information through Internet, previous studies have demonstrated poor quality of online information. However, this conclusion may vary depending on region and culture. Since China has a restricted Internet access outside of its borders, the aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of scoliosis information available online using recognized scoring systems and to analyze the Internet as a source of health information in China.A survey-based questionnaire was distributed to 280 respondents at outpatient clinics. Information on demographics and Internet use was collected. Binary logistic analysis was performed to identify possible predictors for the use of Internet. In addition, the top 60 scoliosis related websites assessed through 4 search engines were reviewed by a surgeon and the quality of online information was evaluated using DISCERN score and JAMA benchmark.Use of the Internet as a source for scoliosis related information was confirmed in 87.8% of the respondents. College education, Internet access at home and urban residence were identified as potential predictors for Internet use. However, the quality of online scoliosis related information was poor with an average DISCERN score of 27.9±11.7 and may be misleading for scoliosis patients.The study outlines the profile of scoliosis patients who use the Internet as a source of health information. It was shown that 87.8% of the scoliosis patients in outpatient clinics have searched for scoliosis related information on Internet. Urban patients, higher education and Internet access at home were identified as potential predictors for Internet search. However, the overall quality of online scoliosis related information was poor and confusing. Physician based websites seemed to contain more

  11. Current evaluation of the information about Radiological Protection in Internet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To analyze the current situation about the pedagogic information on radiological protection training which could be found in Internet. More than 756 web-pages have been visited in Internet about Radiological Protection in the nuclear and medical fields, providing information mainly focusing on information to the members of the public. In this search were used internet Searching Appliance (as Copernicus, Google and Scirus), using key words related with this subject (as Radiological Protection and Health Safety), getting the internet address of organizations, societies and investigation groups. Only a low percentage (less than 5 per cent) of these addresses content information on Radiological Protection for the members of the public, including information about the regulator Organizations, and which are the objectives for protection of the members of the public against ionization radiation (from the point of view of the use of the ionization radiation in the medical and nuclear field). This work attempts to propose the use of internet as a tool for informing the members of the public in matter of radiological protection, as first link in the chain of the training and education. (Author)

  12. Preface: Internet-Based Management Information Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Recent decades have witnessed a paradigm shift in management information systems research from a technology orientation to a combined focus on technology and management. This shift stems from advances in information technology coupled with information technology fusion that brings information technology and businesses together. Information technology fusion is characterized by technology transparency in that information technology is no longer seen as an addition to a product or servicebut an inherent element of the product or service, so it is transparent to the users. Information technology fusion is also characterized by technology pervasiveness in that information technology now deeply penetrates many businesses who now rely on information technology for survival.

  13. Usability Evaluation Methods for Special Interest Internet Information Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva-Maria Schön

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The internet provides a wide range of scientific information for different areas of research, used by the related scientific communities. Often the design or architecture of these web pages does not correspond to the mental model of their users. As a result the wanted information is difficult to find. Methods established by Usability Engineering and User Experience can help to increase the appeal of scientific internet information services by analyzing the users’ requirements. This paper describes a procedure to analyze and optimize scientific internet information services that can be accomplished with relatively low effort. It consists of a combination of methods that already have been successfully applied to practice: Personas, usability inspections, Online Questionnaire, Kano model and Web Analytics.

  14. 75 FR 19942 - Information Privacy and Innovation in the Internet Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ... National Telecommunications and Information Administration International Trade Administration Information Privacy and Innovation in the Internet Economy AGENCIES: National Telecommunications and Information... (202) 482-1840. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Recognizing the vital importance of the Internet to...

  15. Internet Information Relevance of Financial Institutions: Evidence from Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Shuching Chou; Tze-Yu Yen; Yen-Hui Kuo

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the perception of factors that are likely to influence the Internet information relevance of financial institutions. The media richness theory and stakeholder theory point out that the extent of information and stakeholder communication will influence the utilization of online information, while not many of these discussions are associated with financial institutions. This study integrates seven information categories into three constructs: sufficiency, stakeholder com...

  16. Information Seeking Behaviours on the Internet Internet'te Bilgi Arama Davranışları

    OpenAIRE

    Nazan Özenç Uçak; Umut Al

    2000-01-01

    Although the Internet has a rich content in terms of information, users are introuble while making search on the Internet. In this study we focused on not only studies in the literature about information seeking behaviour on the Internet but also Internet users which have different features and usage patterns. In addition to this the importance of user-system interaction, common user errors and the importance of user education for reducing these errors. Internet bilgi yönünden zengin bir içer...

  17. Information searching habits of Internet users: A users’ study of Banaras Hindu University

    OpenAIRE

    Nazim, Mohammad; Saraf, Sanjiv

    2006-01-01

    Reports the results of a survey conducted at Banaras Hindu University (BHU) to determine the extent to which Internet users are aware and make use of the Internet. Efforts are on to find the information searching habits of Internet users. Data were collected using a questionnaire and follow-up interviews with the Internet users of three institutes and six faculties. Results show that all respondents are using Internet because of quality information they got through the Internet. Majority of r...

  18. Method for gathering and summarizing internet information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potok, Thomas E.; Elmore, Mark Thomas; Reed, Joel Wesley; Treadwell, Jim N.; Samatova, Nagiza Faridovna

    2008-01-01

    A computer method of gathering and summarizing large amounts of information comprises collecting information from a plurality of information sources (14, 51) according to respective maps (52) of the information sources (14), converting the collected information from a storage format to XML-language documents (26, 53) and storing the XML-language documents in a storage medium, searching for documents (55) according to a search query (13) having at least one term and identifying the documents (26) found in the search, and displaying the documents as nodes (33) of a tree structure (32) having links (34) and nodes (33) so as to indicate similarity of the documents to each other.

  19. Trends in medical information retrieval on Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baujard, O; Baujard, V; Aurel, S; Boyer, C; Appel, R D

    1998-09-01

    Information on the World Wide Web is unstructured, distributed, multimedia and multilingual. Many tools have been developed to help users search for useful information: subject hierarchies, general search engines, browsers and search assistants. Although helpful, they present serious limitations, mainly in terms of precision, multilingual indexing and distribution. In this paper, we cover some on-line solutions to medical information discovery and present our own approach, the MARVIN (multi-agent retrieval vagabond on information network) project, which tackles medical information research with specialized cooperative retrieval agents. We also draw some outlines for future extensions. PMID:9861514

  20. Method for gathering and summarizing internet information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Potok, Thomas E.; Elmore, Mark Thomas; Reed, Joel Wesley; Treadwell, Jim N.; Samatova, Nagiza Faridovna

    2010-04-06

    A computer method of gathering and summarizing large amounts of information comprises collecting information from a plurality of information sources (14, 51) according to respective maps (52) of the information sources (14), converting the collected information from a storage format to XML-language documents (26, 53) and storing the XML-language documents in a storage medium, searching for documents (55) according to a search query (13) having at least one term and identifying the documents (26) found in the search, and displaying the documents as nodes (33) of a tree structure (32) having links (34) and nodes (33) so as to indicate similarity of the documents to each other.

  1. System for gathering and summarizing internet information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Potok, Thomas E.; Elmore, Mark Thomas; Reed, Joel Wesley; Treadwell, Jim N.; Samatova, Nagiza Faridovna

    2006-07-04

    A computer method of gathering and summarizing large amounts of information comprises collecting information from a plurality of information sources (14, 51) according to respective maps (52) of the information sources (14), converting the collected information from a storage format to XML-language documents (26, 53) and storing the XML-language documents in a storage medium, searching for documents (55) according to a search query (13) having at least one term and identifying the documents (26) found in the search, and displaying the documents as nodes (33) of a tree structure (32) having links (34) and nodes (33) so as to indicate similarity of the documents to each other.

  2. Information centric networks a new paradigm for the Internet

    CERN Document Server

    de Brito, Gabriel M; Moraes, Igor M

    2013-01-01

    Since its inception, the Internet has evolved from a textual information system towards a multimedia information system, in which data, services and applications are consumed as content. Today, however, the main problem faced is that applications are now content-oriented but the protocol stack remains the same, based on the content location. Thus, it is clear that the Internet's current architecture must change. This new architecture should take into account aspects to improve content location and delivery efficiency and also content availability. Fulfilling these requirements is the main g

  3. Connections, Information and Reality: Thinking about the internet of things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Van Lier

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The number of connections between people, organizations and technology is proliferating rapidly, and the amount of information they produce, exchange and share is increasing accordingly. These connections and the information they produce are defining and shaping our daily life and work and our perception of reality. Computers in all forms are becoming smaller and less visible, but they are omnipresent. This development of information technology ‘everyware’, as Greenfield calls it, is also referred to as ubiquitous computing. With the development of ubiquitous computing, computers not only disappear from our perception, but also from our experience. When these new and almost invisible technological devices are tied together, for instance in the Internet of Things, the information resulting from that connection will be more than the sum of its parts. The Internet is the place where subjects are connected and where they exchange and share information. With the development of the ‘Internet of things’, the Internet will also connect objects and enable them to exchange and share information. In this Internet of the future, subjects and objects are more and more connected in random coalitions and networks on the basis of information. These new connections and their seamless exchanging and sharing of information will challenge traditional organizational structures. The information produced in networks will be used for changes to our existing reality and will help create a new reality. Will this development of subjects and objects connected in networks raise new questions and challenges for science and for the development of knowledge within a changing reality?

  4. Evaluation of Internet Information About Rotator Cuff Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Kevin A; Codella, Stephen; Ciccotti, Michael G; Kane, Patrick W; Duncan, Ian C; Cohen, Steven B

    2016-01-01

    The content and quality of Internet websites are not governed or regulated. Therefore, patients who consult the Internet may receive outdated or incorrect medical information. Researchers have analyzed the quality of web information about various orthopedic surgeries, but no such analysis has been performed on websites covering rotator cuff repair. We conducted a study to evaluate and analyze rotator cuff repair information available to the general public through the Internet; to assess changes in the quality of information over time; to determine if sites sponsored by academic institutions offered higher-quality information; and to assess whether the readability of the material varied according to DISCERN scores. Two Internet searches were conducted, in 2011 and 2014. The 3 most commonly used search engines were used to search for rotator cuff repair. The first 50 websites from each search engine were evaluated for authorship and content. The DISCERN instrument was used to analyze the quality of each website's health information. The 2011 search revealed 21% of websites were associated with an academic institution, 38% were authored by a hospital or physician group, and 11.5% were industry-sponsored. The 2014 search revealed a similar distribution of contributors. The highest DISCERN scores were given to academic institution websites (51.6) and public education websites (49). There was no correlation between readability and DISCERN scores. Websites associated with academic institutions produced the highest-quality medical information. Over the past few years, authorship and content have changed little with respect to Internet information about rotator cuff repair. PMID:26991581

  5. Safety Information Modeling: Smart Safety Devices & Internet of Everything

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S B Aanandh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The next generation of Internet of things that connects the things, people and the process through which the people and things interact is coined as Internet of Everything. Safety management is constructed as a complex system of systems design coordinating with each other like the Fire Alarm System or Gas Detection System as well as the Emergency response like the Fire Fighters and Para-Medicals like the Ambulatory services. The governments have been setting up national broadband plans and separate dedicated spectrum for Public Safety Communications used for effective information rich emergency management and response. This paper outlines the evolution of the public safety LTE network and its applicability in the safety management system and safety preparedness. It also describes the role of Smart Objects and Internet of Everything in Safety Management. To achieve this, this paper develops the information models for safety management systems to be used in IoE utilizing the broad-band LTE networks.

  6. Food Security Information Platform Model Based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Lei Zhang; Shanhong Zhu

    2015-01-01

    According to the tracking and tracing requirements of food supply chain management and quality and safety, this study built food security information platform using the Internet of things technology, with reference to the EPC standard, the use of RFID technology, adopting the model of SOA, based on SCOR core processes, researches the food security information platform which can set up the whole process from the source to the consumption of the traceability information, provides food informati...

  7. TIPS ON SEARCHING THE INTERNET FOR MEDICAL INFORMATION

    OpenAIRE

    Mansoor, Ibrahim

    2002-01-01

    Searching for references is part of everyday life in medicine. Since the arrival of the Internet, it has provided great promise for clinicians because of its ready provision of access to large amounts of knowledge and information. But because of the overload of information, searching for particular information has now become a tedious time-consuming and frustrating task. This article describes effective ways, tips, tools, detailed search techniques and strategies for searching for medical inf...

  8. Culture of Scientific Information in Mass Media on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arwa 'Isa al-Yasiry

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims at evaluating the quality of scientific information culture that introduce it the Arabic mass media in the internet and how it covering the reality of Arabic scientific information by using analysis content method for these websites then we most be know how these websites treating with information culture considering information systems has input, output and mutual relations between the elements of this system that include the following three components: 1- External relations that connecting between the culture and the reality. 2- Internal elements for this system. 3- Infrastructures for this system that represented in the cultural policy, informational , information resources and human resources

  9. Impact of Information Technology and Internet in Businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afërdita Berisha-Shaqiri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In the past few decades there has been a revolution in computing and communications, and all indications are that technological progress and use of information technology will continue. The revolution in information and communication technology has changed not only our lives but also the way how people do business. Using information technology, companies possess the potential to reach more customers, introduce new products and services quickly, and collaborate with suppliers and business partners from all over the world. Transformation from industrial society to information society and industrial economy to knowledge economy is a result of the impact of ICT and Internet use. Main objective of this paper is to describe information technology; opportunities of Internet usage for businesses to achieve strategic advantages compared to their competition and how they can facilitate the movement of goods and services from producers to customers.

  10. 77 FR 74278 - Proposed Information Collection (Internet Student CPR Web Registration Application); Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Internet Student CPR Web Registration Application); Comment... use of other forms of information technology. Title: Internet Student CPR Web Registration Application... for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under...

  11. Internet information on xerostomia : what should patients expect?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Delli, K.; Livas, C.; Spijkervet, F. K.; Vissink, A.

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo assess the qualitative standards of the information distributed via the Internet regarding xerostomia. Materials and MethodsA comprehensive electronic search was performed for xerostomia' and dry mouth' separately using four search engines. The first 30 results from each search term-engi

  12. Ophthalmology on the information superhighway : An introduction to the internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad Somdutt

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Internet, e-mail, world wide web and the information superhighway have fast become part of the modern human vocabulary. How are we as ophthalmologists affected by this revolution and how can we utilise the enormous potential of this revolution? This article provides an overview of the practicalities and possibilities of this new medium.

  13. Internet skills : vital assets in an information society

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deursen, van Alexander Johannes Aloisius Maria

    2010-01-01

    Internet Skills, vital assets in an information society starts with a brief history of communication technologies. It appears that in the course of history, these technologies have changed and have put increasing demands on the people that use them. Moreover, the stakes for not being able to keep up

  14. Internet Browser for Ice, Weather and Ocean Information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Leif Toudal; Saldo, Roberto

    2005-01-01

    Abstract An Internet based distribution system for ice, weather and ocean information has been set up. The system provides near real time access to a large variety of data about the polar environment in a standard user environment. The system is freely available at: http://www.seaice.dk Specific...

  15. Food Security Information Platform Model Based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Zhang

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available According to the tracking and tracing requirements of food supply chain management and quality and safety, this study built food security information platform using the Internet of things technology, with reference to the EPC standard, the use of RFID technology, adopting the model of SOA, based on SCOR core processes, researches the food security information platform which can set up the whole process from the source to the consumption of the traceability information, provides food information, strengthens the food identity verification, prevents food identification and information of error identification to the consumer and government food safety regulators, provides good practices for food safety traceability.

  16. Internet Information Sources: A Proposed Criteria for Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abd Al-Rashid A.Aziz Hafez

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to establishing a model for evaluating information sources available on the internet, which could be used be researchers to judge the source prior use for research and scholarly purposes, so as to help researchers to reach information with the topmost level of quality and authenticityt. The model includes four major categories which include twenty elements. The categories are Authority, Content ,Accuracy ,and Currency.

  17. Internet Information Sources: A Proposed Criteria for Evaluation . 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abd Al-Rashid A.Aziz Hafez

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to establishing a model for evaluating information sources available on the internet, which could be used be researchers to judge the source prior use for research and scholarly purposes, so as to help researchers to reach information with the topmost level of quality and authenticityt. The model includes four major categories which include twenty elements. The categories are Authority, Content ,Accuracy ,and Currency

  18. Secure Information Sharing in an Industrial Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Ulltveit-Moe, Nils; Nergaard, Henrik; Erdödi, László; Gjøsæter, Terje; Kolstad, Erland; Berg, Pål

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates how secure information sharing with external vendors can be achieved in an Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). It also identifies necessary security requirements for secure information sharing based on identified security challenges stated by the industry. The paper then proposes a roadmap for improving security in IIoT which investigates both short-term and long-term solutions for protecting IIoT devices. The short-term solution is mainly based on integrating existi...

  19. Network Security Design Based on Internet Information System

    OpenAIRE

    S.U.Kadam; P. D. Khawale,

    2013-01-01

    The network information security use is closely related to the field of e-commerce applications. The Network security Evaluation, is a hot issue, in development of computer and network. Without trust, most business operators and clients may decide to decline use of the Internet and revert back to traditional methods of doing business. The encryption technology of e-commerce platform for network security, implementing information encryption and transmission on the network by using DES algorith...

  20. The Quality of Pediatric Orthopaedic Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winship, Brenton; Grisell, Margaret; Yang, Carolyn B.; Chen, Rachel X.; Bauer, Andrea S.

    2016-01-01

    Background Many patients use the Internet for health information. However, there are few guarantees to the reliability and accuracy of this information. This study examined the quality and content of Internet webpages for ten common pediatric orthopedic diagnoses. Methods We identified ten common diagnoses in pediatric orthopedics: brachial plexus injury, cerebral palsy, clubfoot, developmental dysplasia of the hip, leg length discrepancy, osteochondroma, polydactyly, scoliosis, spina bifida, and syndactyly. We used two of the most popular search engines to identify the top ten websites for each disease. We evaluated the websites utilizing both the quality-based Health On the Net Foundation criteria and our own content-based grading sheets. The custom grading sheets focused on essential information about disease summary, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. Results Three Orthopedic surgeons graded 98 academic, commercial, non-profit and physicians’ websites for ten diseases. Academic websites scored the highest in content (mean 60.8%±15.5), while commercial websites scored the lowest (mean 46.7%±22.2). Among the diagnoses, osteochondroma websites had the highest content scores (mean 75.8%±11.8), while polydactyly websites had the lowest content scores (mean 39.3%±15.7). In contrast, websites about developmental dysplasia of the hip had the highest HON scores (65.0±11.1), while those about brachial plexus birth palsy scored the lowest (42.6%±16.9). Among the content subgroups, scores were generally higher for disease summary and diagnostics and lower for prognosis. Conclusions The Internet websites reviewed demonstrated a wide range of content and information. We found that non-profit and academic websites were the most reliable sources while commercial and, surprisingly, physician-run websites were the least reliable. We advise physicians to talk with their patients about the information they get on Internet and how it dictates their

  1. The Agent of extracting Internet Information with Lead Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mo, Zan; Huang, Chuliang; Liu, Aijun

    In order to carry out e-commerce better, advanced technologies to access business information are in need urgently. An agent is described to deal with the problems of extracting internet information that caused by the non-standard and skimble-scamble structure of Chinese websites. The agent designed includes three modules which respond to the process of extracting information separately. A method of HTTP tree and a kind of Lead algorithm is proposed to generate a lead order, with which the required web can be retrieved easily. How to transform the extracted information structuralized with natural language is also discussed.

  2. MedlinePlus: Transcript for Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/webeval/webeval_transcript.html Transcript for Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial from the National Library of Medicine ...

  3. Evaluation of Dengue-Related Health Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Navya R.; Mohapatra, Manaswini; Mishra, Swayamprabha; Joshi, Ashish

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the quality of dengue-related health information on the Internet. Three raters used the keyword dengue to search the Google, Yahoo!, and Bing search engines during August 2011. The first 20 websites from each search engine were examined for a total of 60 sites. Duplicate, nonfunctional, non-English, and nonoperational websites were excluded from the study, resulting in 36 sites for final analysis. The 16-item DISCERN tool was used to evaluate the quality of dengue-related health information on the Internet. Chi-square analysis and analysis of variance were performed to compare the DISCERN scores. Inter-rater reliability analysis showed significant differences in the level of agreement among the three raters. The 36 unique websites were categorized into .com, .edu, .gov, .org, and other sites. The .com sites had the lowest DISCERN scores. Educating consumers on how to find and recognize valid health information on the Internet may lead to better informed decision making. PMID:22783151

  4. The Internet information infrastructure: Terrorist tool or architecture for information defense?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kadner, S.; Turpen, E. [Aquila Technologies Group, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Rees, B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1998-12-01

    The Internet is a culmination of information age technologies and an agent of change. As with any infrastructure, dependency upon the so-called global information infrastructure creates vulnerabilities. Moreover, unlike physical infrastructures, the Internet is a multi-use technology. While information technologies, such as the Internet, can be utilized as a tool of terror, these same technologies can facilitate the implementation of solutions to mitigate the threat. In this vein, this paper analyzes the multifaceted nature of the Internet information infrastructure and argues that policymakers should concentrate on the solutions it provides rather than the vulnerabilities it creates. Minimizing risks and realizing possibilities in the information age will require institutional activities that translate, exploit and convert information technologies into positive solutions. What follows is a discussion of the Internet information infrastructure as it relates to increasing vulnerabilities and positive potential. The following four applications of the Internet will be addressed: as the infrastructure for information competence; as a terrorist tool; as the terrorist`s target; and as an architecture for rapid response.

  5. Evaluating the quality of internet information for breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nghiem, A Z; Mahmoud, Y; Som, R

    2016-02-01

    The internet is frequently used by patients for researching information regarding breast cancer. This study aims to assess the quality of these websites using validated tools. The term 'breast cancer' was searched for in 3 search engines. The top 20 results were selected, and duplicates and irrelevant websites were excluded. 26/34 websites were analysed using the DISCERN Plus tool, HONcode and the JAMA benchmarks. 46% of the websites were classed as 'excellent' when assessed with the DISCERN tool. The range of DISCERN scores was wide (range: 25-74). Nine websites were found to be HONcode certified. Seven websites complied with all four JAMA benchmarks. This study shows the quality of breast cancer information on the internet is on the whole good; however the range of quality is wide. We recommend healthcare professionals use all 3 tools together to establish which websites are best to advise which websites patients should trust. PMID:26547835

  6. The web of life: Natural science information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clement, Gail

    2000-01-01

    As society has come to equate economic prosperity with the health of our living resources, national science policy has called for the development of a comprehensive digital knowledge base to support informed decision making and wise resource management. The Internet and World Wide Web demonstrate the earliest stages of this evolving virtual library of the natural world, offering an increasing array of high-quality, innovative resources and services in the natural science arena. This article discusses the leading providers of natural science information on the Internet and highlights some of the exemplary resources they are delivering online. The discussion concludes with a brief discussion of the role of the librarian in developing the Web of natural science knowledge online and provides a short Webliography of starting points for further exploration of this subject area. PDF

  7. Towards Information Retrieval Characteristics in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Andrushevich, A.; Kurbatski, A.; Basko, V.; Klapproth, A.

    2013-01-01

    This work describes an initial research for expanding the common characteristics of Information Retrieval (IR) to the appearing Internet of Things (IoT). Starting with latest advances of IoT the authors briefly sketch several examples when IR can become beneficial for end-users. Next, the article gives an analytical interpretation of typical IoT characteristics seen in the recent developments. Resting on common IR procedure and widely used IR metrics as well as using previously...

  8. 47 CFR 74.1290 - FM translator and booster station information available on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... translator and booster station information available on the Internet. The Media Bureau's Audio Division provides information on the Internet regarding FM translator and booster stations, rules, and policies at... Translators/Boosters 74.1283 Information on the Internet, FM translator and booster stations...

  9. 78 FR 37783 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Generic Clearance for Internet Nonprobability...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    .... Bureau of the Census Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Generic Clearance for Internet... the Internet at jjessup@doc.gov ). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for additional...-4827 (or via the Internet at jennifer.hunter.childs@ census.gov ). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:...

  10. Toxoplasmosis and pregnancy: Reliability of internet sources of information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bobić Branko

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Health education of women of childbearing age has been shown to be an acceptable approach to the prevention of toxoplasmosis, the most frequent congenitally transmitted parasitic infection. Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Internet as a source of health education on toxoplasmosis in pregnancy. Methods. A group of 100 pregnant women examined in the National Reference Laboratory for Toxoplasmosis was surveyed by a questionnaire on the source of their information on toxoplasmosis. We also analyzed information offered by websites in the Serbian and Croatian languages through the Google search engine, using “toxoplasmosis” as a keyword. The 23 top websites were evaluated for comprehensiveness and accuracy of information on the impact of toxoplasmosis on the course of pregnancy, diagnosis and prevention. Results. Having knowledge on toxoplasmosis was confirmed by 64 (64.0% examined women, 40.6% (26/64 of whom learned about toxoplasmosis through the Internet, 48.4% from physicians, and 10.9% from friends. Increase in the degree of education was found to be associated with the probability that pregnant women would be informed via the Internet (RR=3.15, 95% CI=1.27-7.82, p=0.013. Analysis of four interactive websites (allowing users to ask questions showed that routes of infection were the most common concern, particularly the risk presented by pet cats and dogs, followed by the diagnosis of infection (who and when should be tested, and how should the results be interpreted. Of 20 sites containing educational articles, only seven were authorized and two listed sources. Evaluation confirmed that information relevant to pregnant women was significantly more accurate than comprehensive, but no site gave both comprehensive and completely accurate information. Only four sites (20% were good sources of information for pregnant women. Conclusion. Internet has proved itself as an important source of information. However

  11. Internet Geographic Information Security Supervision Platform Architecture Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanzhi Chen

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays every link of geographical information from products manufacture, management, and distribution to application would be faced with tremendous security risks, which urgent need to establish a geography information security management and monitoring system with unified and multilevel action manner by the new technology and information measures. This article presents the overall architecture of the platform and typical services node, based on analysis of construction requirements for the Internet geographic information security supervision platform, laid the theory ground work for further research of the final geographic information security management measures and technique adapt to the development of science technology level and the requirements of social widely, and realized the overall aim of geography information security supervision in the end.

  12. Orthognathic surgery: is patient information on the Internet valid?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldairy, T; Laverick, S; McIntyre, G T

    2012-08-01

    The aims of this study were to evaluate the quality and reliability of UK websites providing information on orthognathic and jaw surgery to patients. An Internet search engine (www.google.com) was used to identify websites containing medical information on 'orthognathic surgery' and 'jaw surgery'. Of over 144,000 links for orthognathic surgery and 700,000 for jaw surgery, the first 100 were examined in detail. After excluding discussion groups, news and video feeds, and removing duplicate sites, only 25 relevant websites remained which were then evaluated using the DISCERN instrument (www.discern.org.uk/discern_instrument.php). Through the 16 questions assessing the reliability and quality of the consumer information which are scored from 1 to 5, a relative index of the quality of the information is produced. The maximum score attainable for an excellent website is 80. Of the 25 websites that were scored, DISCERN indicated the majority of websites fell well below the maximum score. The highest score achieved by one of the websites according to the DISCERN tool was 64 of 80 and the lowest score achieved was 21 of 80. The websites achieving maximum and minimum score were Wikipedia and qualitydentistry.com, respectively. By directing patients to validated websites, clinicians can ensure patients find appropriate information; however, further development of websites relating to orthognathic surgery is required. Internet information should be updated on a regular basis to account for improvements in orthodontic and surgical care. PMID:21459834

  13. Designing a Multimedia Information System Using Internet Techology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nkolenta William Scott; R,YU Shou-yi

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents major technical requirements for designing and developing future distributed multimedia information system using Internet technology. The key requirements of this system are to allow users to search, access, and communicate multimedia documents consisting of text, audio, video and image. We emphasize the role of object-oriented technology for information management and real-time communication protocols to guarantee QoS. it presents a reference architecture for Web-based real-time distributed multimedia system which provides several functionalities including real-time distributed multimedia system which provides several functionalities including real-time streaming, multimedia indexing and searching, and distributed object management.

  14. Internet information arrival and volatility of SME PRICE INDEX

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yongjie; Feng, Lina; Jin, Xi; Shen, Dehua; Xiong, Xiong; Zhang, Wei

    2014-04-01

    This article employs the number of news appeared in Baidu News as a novel proxy for information arrival and investigates the validation of the Mixture of Distribution Hypothesis (MDH) using a sample of SME PRICE INDEX in China. The empirical results reveal a positive impact of internet information on the conditional volatility of stock returns. Compared with the prevailing proxies (trading volume and its adjustments), the volatility persistence is most decreased when this novel proxy is incorporated into the conditional variance equation of the GARCH model. Some tentative explanations are also given to expound the non-disappeared GARCH effects.

  15. Analysis of Internet Information on Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belayneh, Rebekah; Mesfin, Addisu

    2016-07-01

    Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a surgical technique that is being increasingly used. The authors' objective was to examine information on the Internet pertaining to the LLIF technique. An analysis was conducted of publicly accessible websites pertaining to LLIF. The following search engines were used: Google (www.google.com), Bing (www.bing.com), and Yahoo (www.yahoo.com). DuckDuckGo (www.duckduckgo.com) was an additional search engine used due to its emphasis on generating accurate and consistent results while protecting searchers' privacy and reducing advertisements. The top 35 websites providing information on LLIF from the 4 search engines were identified. A total of 140 websites were evaluated. Each web-site was categorized based on authorship (academic, private, medical industry, insurance company, other) and content of information. Using the search term lateral lumbar interbody fusion, 174,000 Google results, 112,000 Yahoo results, and 112,000 Bing results were obtained. DuckDuckGo does not display the number of results found for a search. From the top 140 websites collected from each website, 78 unique websites were identified. Websites were authored by a private medical group in 46.2% of the cases, an academic medical group in 26.9% of the cases, and the biomedical industry in 5.1% of the cases. Sixty-eight percent of websites reported indications, and 24.4% reported contraindications. Benefits of LLIF were reported by 69.2% of websites. Thirty-six percent of websites reported complications of LLIF. Overall, the quality of information regarding LLIF on the Internet is poor. Spine surgeons and spine societies can assist in improving the quality of the information on the Internet regarding LLIF. [Orthopedics. 2016; 39(4):e701-e707.]. PMID:27111081

  16. Information system for administrating and distributing color images through internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The information system for administrating and distributing color images through the Internet ensures the consistent replication of color images, their storage - in an on-line data base - and predictable distribution, by means of a digitally distributed flow, based on Windows platform and POD (Print On Demand technology. The consistent replication of color images inde-pendently from the parameters of the processing equipment and from the features of the programs composing the technological flow, is ensured by the standard color management sys-tem defined by ICC (International Color Consortium, which is integrated by the Windows operation system and by the POD technology. The latter minimize the noticeable differences between the colors captured, displayed or printed by various replication equipments and/or edited by various graphical applications. The system integrated web application ensures the uploading of the color images in an on-line database and their administration and distribution among the users via the Internet. For the preservation of the data expressed by the color im-ages during their transfer along a digitally distributed flow, the software application includes an original tool ensuring the accurate replication of colors on computer displays or when printing them by means of various color printers or presses. For development and use, this application employs a hardware platform based on PC support and a competitive software platform, based on: the Windows operation system, the .NET. Development medium and the C# programming language. This information system is beneficial for creators and users of color images, the success of the printed or on-line (Internet publications depending on the sizeable, predictable and accurate replication of colors employed for the visual expression of information in every activity fields of the modern society. The herein introduced information system enables all interested persons to access the

  17. Nuclear wastes: vitrification and long term behaviour. Information available on Internet sites; Dechets nucleaires: vitrification et comportement a long terme. Information disponible sur des sites internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macias, R.M

    2004-07-01

    This document reports an information search on the long-term behaviour of vitrified nuclear wastes. This search has been performed on the Internet and this report presents 21 forms corresponding to the 21 relevant Internet web sites. These forms contain the name of the organization, its country, its Internet address, its language, a brief description of the available information, the concerned public (general public, scholars and students, scientific community)

  18. 75 FR 60068 - Global Free Flow of Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ... varying Internet environments and to identify policies that will advance economic growth and create jobs... information over the Internet is integral to economic growth and vibrancy, as well as to the promotion of... flow of information on the Internet have on innovation, global economic growth, trade, and...

  19. Patients' use of the Internet for pain-related medical information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, Maaike J.; Versteegen, Gerbrig J.; van Wijhe, Marten

    2007-01-01

    Objective: Patients increasingly use the Internet for medical information. For doctor-patient communication it is important to gain insight into the use and impact of medical Internet searches of patients. This study aims to evaluate patients' use of the Internet for information about their pain pro

  20. Information and Strategic Internet Skills of Secondary Students: A Performance Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Deursen, A. J. A. M.; van Diepen, S.

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the information and strategic Internet skills of Dutch secondary students were measured in a performance test. Participating students were asked to complete assignments on the Internet. The findings reveal that the levels of both information and strategic Internet skills have much room for improvement. Of the variables that…

  1. Business Information and the Internet in the Developing World: A New Outlook

    OpenAIRE

    Kargbo, John Abdul

    1997-01-01

    The Internet, modern society's cheapest and most effective means of global communication, is gradually spreading to the developing world. In this article the application of the Internet in business information and its implications is examined.

  2. Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial from the National Library of Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/webeval/webeval.html Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial from the National Library ... version of the tutorial for use when no Internet connection is available. Read the transcript of the ...

  3. Recuperar a informação eletrônica pela internet

    Research internet electronic information

    OpenAIRE

    Ursula Blattmann; Gregório Jean Varvakis Rados; Gleisy Regina Boris Fachin

    1999-01-01

    [Portuguese] Uso dos mecanismos de busca de informação textual na Internet. Ferramentas de busca nacionais e internacionais para recuperação da informação em páginas de hipertexto na World Wide Web. Formulação da sintaxe de recuperação de informações durante a pesquisa realizada na Internet.[English]Use the search mechanisms for finding information in the Internet. National and international searching tools to research information in hipermedia pages in the Worl Wide Web. Formalarization of t...

  4. Information Pollution, a Mounting Threat: Internet a Major Causality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pandita, Ramesh

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The present discourse lasts around, information pollution, causes and concerns of information pollution, internet as a major causality and how it affects the decision making ability of an individual. As, information producers in the process to not to lose the readership of their content, and to cater the information requirements of both the electronic and the print readers, reproduce almost the whole of the printed information in digital form as well. Abundant literature is also equally produced in electronic format only, thereon, sharing this information on hundreds of social networking sites, like, Facebook, Twitter, Blogs, Flicker, Digg, LinkedIn, etc. without attributions to original authors, have created almost a mess of this whole information produced and disseminated. Accordingly, the study discusses about the sources of information pollution, the aspects of unstructured information along with plagiarism. Towards the end of the paper stress has been laid on information literacy, as how it can prove handy in addressing the issue with some measures, which can help in regulating the behaviour of information producers.

  5. Searching the internet for health information about bipolar disorder: some cautionary issues

    OpenAIRE

    Monteith, Scott; Glenn, Tasha; Bauer, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Adults routinely use the Internet as a source of health information. Patients with bipolar disorder and caregivers should be encouraged to increase their knowledge of this complex illness, including through the Internet. However, patients, caregivers, and physicians should be aware of potential perils when searching the Internet for health information, including loss of privacy, quality of web site content, and Internet scams. This review summarizes these cautionary issues. The digital divide...

  6. Information on the Internet for asplenic patients: a systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downing, Mark A.; Omar, Ahmed H.; Sabri, Elham; McCarthy, Anne E.

    2011-01-01

    Background Asplenic patients in general have poor knowledge about their condition. Patients are increasingly turning to the Internet for their health care information, therefore this is a resource that many asplenic patients will use. The aim of our study was to determine the quality of information on the Internet for asplenic patients. Methods We identified websites by entering “splenectomy OR spleen removal” into 3 Internet search engines on July 28, 2008. The top 50 English-language websites from each search engine were included in our analysis. We evaluated the websites with our own 21-point content scale as well as 4 commonly used quality-assessment tools. All websites were analyzed independently by 2 reviewers. Correlations were made between the quality assessment instruments, content, readability and target audience. Results We included 89 websites in the study. The mean content score percentage for all websites was 49% (95% confidence interval 44%–54%). The long-term risk of infection was mentioned in 84% of websites, and the need for vaccination was mentioned in 79%. The mean quality assessment tool score was 61%, and the mean reading grade level was 11. Conclusion Whereas websites on average did not cover most of the information that asplenic patients should receive, the long-term risk of serious infection and the need for vaccination was consistently mentioned. Websites were inconsistent with respect to adhering to standards advocated by the quality assessment instruments we used, and the mean reading grade level was far above what is recommended for patient literature. PMID:21651833

  7. Foreign electronic information sources about environment in the Internet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation deals with external electronic information sources (e-sources) i. e. about data bases which are formed no by users or their institutes. Data bases are compiled by producers of data which are publishing in different forms and offerer it for users by different form. In the first part of contribution e-sources are described at the first generally. In the second part, some most significant data bases about environment in on-line medium of Internet, are described in detail

  8. Information Visualization Using Internet for Activation of Shopping Streets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torii, Ippei; Okada, Yousuke; Onogi, Manabu; Niwa, Takahito; Ishii, Naohiro

    This paper attempts to activate a large scale shopping streets (shotengai) using Internet technique. Shotengai is a style of Japanese commercial district street. Recently, decline in shotengai is a serious problem. So, we take up “Osu” which is famous shotengai in Nagoya, Japan. We architect Web visualization system, which has useful usability and findability for Osu shotengai information. We also develop methods for competing for a store owner with another one by their prominency and for attractive design to increase motivation of store owners. The number of users of Osu map is increased rapidly. We hope to apply our instance to the activation of shotengai in Japan.

  9. The Constructivist Mapping of Internet Information At Work with Nestor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeiliger, Romain; Esnault, Liliane

    This paper presents the Nestor Web Cartographer software, its features, its user interface, the constructivist approach to mapping Internet information that guided its design and the experience gained after 10 years of use in academic contexts. We focus on five selected features such as the hybrid representation system, some original visual widgets, the groupware section, and we discuss their role within a constructivist approach. We argue that they favour the collaborative and incremental construction of formalized knowledge. A case study in Lyon School of Management (EM LYON) is discussed with more details.

  10. Informal education of medical doctors on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Physicians achieve parts of their knowledge informally on the Internet. In a first study we analyzed the quality of online content of prenatal screening and diagnosis on elements like Wikipedia, Twitter or YouTube. Furthermore, own content was published on blogs, forums and static pages, and visitor's data was measured. The second study consists of three surveys among physicians: Doctors use public pages like blogs or Wikipedia rather than professional or scientific communities and talk about patients via mailing lists or direct messages. PMID:23823386

  11. Internet chemotherapy information: impact on patients and health professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, E; Yeoh, K-W

    2012-01-01

    Background: Reliable information can improve patients' knowledge of chemotherapy. As internet chemotherapy information (ICI) is increasingly viewed as a valuable patient education tool, we investigated the impact of ICI on patient care and analysed health professionals' (HPs') attitudes towards ICI. Methods: The following questionnaires were distributed: (1) self-administered questionnaire randomly given to 261 patients receiving chemotherapy (80% returned); and (2) separate questionnaire given to 58 HPs at the same UK Oncology Centre (83% returned). Results: Just over half of the patient respondents accessed the internet regularly. They were younger, with higher incomes and qualifications. Key search topics included chemotherapy modes of action, symptom management and treatment success, and most considered ICI useful. More than half wanted to discuss ICI with HPs but most did not get the opportunity. Although the majority of HP respondents supported the need for patients to retrieve ICI, most questioned the accuracy of ICI and did not routinely recommend its use. Conclusion: This study has shown that ICI is generally perceived by patients to be a valuable information resource. Given the potential impact of ICI, the following should be addressed in future studies: (1) inequalities in accessing ICI; (2) maintaining the quality of ICI (with clear guidance on recommended websites); (3) bridging the gap between the perception of ICI by patients and HPs; (4) integration of ICI with traditional consultation models. PMID:22262319

  12. Using Metadata to Build Geographic Information Sharing Environment on Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-hong Sun

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Internet provides a convenient environment to share geographic information. Web GIS (Geographic Information System even provides users a direct access environment to geographic databases through Internet. However, the complexity of geographic data makes it difficult for users to understand the real content and the limitation of geographic information. In some cases, users may misuse the geographic data and make wrong decisions. Meanwhile, geographic data are distributed across various government agencies, academic institutes, and private organizations, which make it even more difficult for users to fully understand the content of these complex data. To overcome these difficulties, this research uses metadata as a guiding mechanism for users to fully understand the content and the limitation of geographic data. We introduce three metadata standards commonly used for geographic data and metadata authoring tools available in the US. We also review the current development of geographic metadata standard in Taiwan. Two metadata authoring tools are developed in this research, which will enable users to build their own geographic metadata easily.[Article content in Chinese

  13. The Archaeologist Undeceived: Selecting Quality Archaeological Information from the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Sturges

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The amount of unreliable information and actual misinformation available via the Internet makes its use problematic for academic purposes, particularly for data-intensive disciplines such as archaeology. Whilst there are many sources for reviews of websites, few apply the type of criteria most appropriate to archaeology. Information and library professionals have developed sets of criteria that can be adapted for the evaluation of archaeological websites. An evaluative tool for archaeological websites, using al-ready-available criteria, was developed and tested on twenty archaeological web sites. It proved capable of allowing its user to make clear distinctions between sites on the basis of quality. Further refining of the evaluative tool is possible on the basis of testing by both archaeologists and information professionals.

  14. Use of the Internet for health information: a study of Australians and New Zealanders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauld, Robin; Williams, Sheila

    2009-09-01

    This article presents descriptive data from surveys that probed the use of health information by Internet users in Australia and New Zealand. Using this data, the article also contributes to understanding of factors associated with a series of Internet health information use outcomes. Four hundred six respondents (151 Australians; 255 New Zealanders) had used the Internet for health information and were asked about emailing doctors, Internet searching, taking Internet information to the doctor and perceptions of Internet information reliability. Regression analyses were conducted to examine associations between key outcomes and independent variables. A bootstrap procedure was performed to select variables used in logistic regression models. Fifty-two percent of health Internet users had emailed their doctor. Few significant differences between Australian and New Zealand responses were found. Internet use for health information was below levels found in North American and European studies, but there was similar prevalence of emailing and presenting Internet information to doctors. Emailers were more likely to believe this improved communication with doctors (OR = 3.59; 95%CI 1.95, 6.61). Frequent Internet searchers were more likely to take Internet information to their doctor (OR = 2.41; 1.47, 3.92), and believe the Internet to be a more useful information source (OR = 2.47; 1.22, 5.03). Females were less likely to email their doctor (OR = 0.47; 0.26, 0.85). More educated respondents were more likely to email their doctor (OR = 1.99; 1.16, 3.39) and to check website credentials (OR = 2.61; 1.53, 4.43). This study suggests that there is a digital divide among health care Internet users. It shows that, for males, email could have health care advantages. Doctors may need to develop strategies to deal with patients presenting with Internet information, including how to source information and check its credibility. PMID:19670005

  15. Local-area information dissemination by residents using CATV Internet; CATV internet wo riyoshita jumin no chiiki joho hasshin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For establishment of information distribution through network by residents and regional activation by various information exchanges for 2 years of fiscal 1997 and 1998, Kagawa communications network model experiment project was carried out. This experiment `Local-area information dissemination by residents` uses the town-operated charge- free CATV Internet of high-speed transmission rates of 8Mbps downward and 2Mbps upward. The residents actively uses the CATV Internet for upload of a multimedia town history, a town origin, and landscapes of each season through events of various towns for information dissemination. (translated by NEDO)

  16. Internet-Based Sources of Information Which Can Be Used to Study the Internationalization Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danford, Gerard L.

    2008-01-01

    This review shows how the Internet can support learning about the process of internationalization. A description of how Internet-based sources of information can be used by students when investigating internationalization has not been made. However, the Internet and its role during a corporation's foreign market expansion has not been investigated…

  17. Effects of Internet Connectedness and Information Literacy on Quality of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Louis

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this exploratory research is to examine the inter-linkage among Internet connectedness, information literacy, and quality of life. Results from a telephone survey, based on a probability sample of 756 Internet users, found that Internet connectedness is not related to quality of life. However, there is a significant relationship…

  18. Lessons learned from an Internet GP information system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, J S; Bradley, M P

    1998-01-01

    We describe the prototype of an application that in actual use would allow GPs to find out more information about consultants at hospitals. This would aid the GP in making the decision about which consultant a patient should be referred to. The requirements of the application from the GP's perspective are described, together with some of the issues that have to be resolved before hospitals can provide the necessary information in a standard format. The application is implemented as a client--server system using standard Internet technologies such as Java and HTML. This architecture has a number of advantages but also revealed some issues concerning security and the format of data, among other things. The project showed that there is a desire for such a system and that that desire can be fulfilled at a relatively low cost. PMID:9785327

  19. Constructing topic models of Internet of Things for information processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xin, Jie; Cui, Zhiming; Zhang, Shukui; He, Tianxu; Li, Chunhua; Huang, Haojing

    2014-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) is regarded as a remarkable development of the modern information technology. There is abundant digital products data on the IoT, linking with multiple types of objects/entities. Those associated entities carry rich information and usually in the form of query records. Therefore, constructing high quality topic hierarchies that can capture the term distribution of each product record enables us to better understand users' search intent and benefits tasks such as taxonomy construction, recommendation systems, and other communications solutions for the future IoT. In this paper, we propose a novel record entity topic model (RETM) for IoT environment that is associated with a set of entities and records and a Gibbs sampling-based algorithm is proposed to learn the model. We conduct extensive experiments on real-world datasets and compare our approach with existing methods to demonstrate the advantage of our approach. PMID:25110737

  20. Constructing Topic Models of Internet of Things for Information Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xin, Jie; Cui, Zhiming; Zhang, Shukui; He, Tianxu; Li, Chunhua; Huang, Haojing

    2014-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) is regarded as a remarkable development of the modern information technology. There is abundant digital products data on the IoT, linking with multiple types of objects/entities. Those associated entities carry rich information and usually in the form of query records. Therefore, constructing high quality topic hierarchies that can capture the term distribution of each product record enables us to better understand users' search intent and benefits tasks such as taxonomy construction, recommendation systems, and other communications solutions for the future IoT. In this paper, we propose a novel record entity topic model (RETM) for IoT environment that is associated with a set of entities and records and a Gibbs sampling-based algorithm is proposed to learn the model. We conduct extensive experiments on real-world datasets and compare our approach with existing methods to demonstrate the advantage of our approach. PMID:25110737

  1. Current evaluation of the information about Radiological Protection in Internet; Evaluacion actual de la informacion sobre proteccion radiologica en Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruiz-Cruces, R.; Marco, M.; Villanueva, I.

    2003-07-01

    To analyze the current situation about the pedagogic information on radiological protection training which could be found in Internet. More than 756 web-pages have been visited in Internet about Radiological Protection in the nuclear and medical fields, providing information mainly focusing on information to the members of the public. In this search were used internet Searching Appliance (as Copernicus, Google and Scirus), using key words related with this subject (as Radiological Protection and Health Safety), getting the internet address of organizations, societies and investigation groups. Only a low percentage (less than 5 per cent) of these addresses content information on Radiological Protection for the members of the public, including information about the regulator Organizations, and which are the objectives for protection of the members of the public against ionization radiation (from the point of view of the use of the ionization radiation in the medical and nuclear field). This work attempts to propose the use of internet as a tool for informing the members of the public in matter of radiological protection, as first link in the chain of the training and education. (Author)

  2. Internet-based information system of digital geological data providing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuon, Egor; Soukhanov, Mikhail; Markov, Kirill

    2015-04-01

    One of the Russian Federal аgency of mineral resources problems is to provide the geological information which was delivered during the field operation for the means of federal budget. This information should be present in the current, conditional form. Before, the leading way of presenting geological information were paper geological maps, slices, borehole diagrams reports etc. Technologies of database construction, including distributed databases, technologies of construction of distributed information-analytical systems and Internet-technologies are intensively developing nowadays. Most of geological organizations create their own information systems without any possibility of integration into other systems of the same orientation. In 2012, specialists of VNIIgeosystem together with specialists of VSEGEI started the large project - creating the system of providing digital geological materials with using modern and perspective internet-technologies. The system is based on the web-server and the set of special programs, which allows users to efficiently get rasterized and vectorised geological materials. These materials are: geological maps of scale 1:1M, geological maps of scale 1:200 000 and 1:2 500 000, the fragments of seamless geological 1:1M maps, structural zoning maps inside the seamless fragments, the legends for State geological maps 1:200 000 and 1:1 000 000, full author's set of maps and also current materials for international projects «Atlas of geological maps for Circumpolar Arctic scale 1:5 000 000» and «Atlas of Geologic maps of central Asia and adjacent areas scale 1:2 500 000». The most interesting and functional block of the system - is the block of providing structured and well-formalized geological vector materials, based on Gosgeolkart database (NGKIS), managed by Oracle and the Internet-access is supported by web-subsystem NGKIS, which is currently based on MGS-Framework platform, developed by VNIIgeosystem. One of the leading elements

  3. Broadband internet: An information superhighway to sex crime?

    OpenAIRE

    Bhuller, Manudeep; Havnes, Tarjei; Leuven, Edwin; Mogstad, Magne

    2012-01-01

    Does internet use trigger sex crime? We use unique Norwegian data on crime and internet adoption to shed light on this question. A public program with limited funding rolled out broadband access points in 2000–2008, and provides plausibly exogenous variation in internet use. Our instrumental variables estimates show that internet use is associated with a substantial increase in both reports, charges and convictions of rape and other sex crimes. We present a conceptual framework that highlight...

  4. The Quality of Health Information on Allergic Rhinitis, Rhinitis, and Sinusitis Available on the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Chang, Mun Young; Kim, Jeong-Whun; Rhee, Chae-Seo

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The internet has become one of the most important media outlets used to obtain health information. Therefore, the quality of health information available on the internet is very important. We evaluated the quality of internet-derived health information on allergic rhinitis, rhinitis and sinusitis and compared these results to those of previous studies performed five years ago. Methods The terms "allergic rhinitis (AR)", "rhinitis" and "sinusitis" were searched among the four most comm...

  5. Internet Information and Communication Behavior during a Political Moment: The Iraq War, March 2003

    OpenAIRE

    Robbin, Alice; Buente, Wayne

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the Internet as a resource for political information and communication in March 2003, when American troops were first sent to Iraq, offering us a unique setting of political context, information use, and technology. Employing a national survey conducted by the Pew Internet & American Life project. We examine the political information behavior of the Internet respondents through an exploratory factor analysis; analyze the effects of personal demographic attributes and pol...

  6. Gender Differences in The Use of Internet for Health Information Search

    OpenAIRE

    Bahar YASIN; Hilal OZEN

    2011-01-01

    Demand for health related information is expanding. People seeking health information have many options today. Internet is becoming an important source of information for health related activities in recent years because of its convenience and large capacity. The use of Internet in Turkey increased dramatically from 13 percent users in 2004 to 30 percent in 2009. National survey conducted by the Turkish Statistical Institute in 2007 shows that 37 percent of Turkish people used the Internet fo...

  7. Health Attitudes, Health Cognitions, and Health Behaviors among Internet Health Information Seekers: Population-Based Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Dutta-Bergman, Mohan J

    2004-01-01

    Background Using a functional theory of media use, this paper examines the process of health-information seeking in different domains of Internet use. Objective Based on an analysis of the 1999 HealthStyles data, this study was designed to demonstrate that people who gather information on the Internet are more health-oriented than non-users of Internet health information. Methods The Porter Novelli HealthStyles database, collected annually since 1995, is based on the results of nationally rep...

  8. Internet Usage by Low-Literacy Adults Seeking Health Information: An Observational Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Birru, Mehret S; Monaco, Valerie M; Charles, Lonelyss; Drew, Hadiya; Njie, Valerie; Bierria, Timothy; Detlefsen, Ellen; Steinman, Richard A

    2004-01-01

    Background Adults with low literacy may encounter informational obstacles on the Internet when searching for health information, in part because most health Web sites require at least a high-school reading proficiency for optimal access. Objective The purpose of this study was to 1) determine how low-literacy adults independently access and evaluate health information on the Internet, 2) identify challenges and areas of proficiency in the Internet-searching skills of low-literacy adults. Meth...

  9. Experience with an Internet information system about radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An independent web site with information about cancer treatment with radiation was created: 'www.iradioterapia.com'. Information is based on scientific data and different treatment guidelines. Always in an ethical way, health professionals, students, patients and their relatives, and others, can obtain theoretical information about therapeutic options, management of the disease, up-to-date on treatments worldwide, and on-line responses to several questions. They can also participate in group discussion among themselves. On the web since August 2000, 4000 accesses had already been registered, with many questions answered for patients and group discussions. The main questions are about medical treatment policies, patient care, and prognosis of the disease. There are very few information available for patients and relatives about radiotherapy. Free access to this kind of information allows improvement of treatment techniques, patient-physician relationship, and confidence of the patient during treatment. Internet access permitted more participation of patients and their relatives in their own treatment, allowing higher comfort and tranquility. Patients collaborate in medical appointments, searching for the best technique and treatment options. (author)

  10. Information Security Problem on Internet%因特网上的信息安全问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓苗

    2000-01-01

    With the wide use of Internet,the information security problem on Internet becomes more and more serious.The article gives an overall description of the information security problem on Internet,the cause of the problem and some threats to the information security on Internet.

  11. Beoordelen en selecteren van informatie op Internet: twee onderwijsmethodes vergeleken [Evaluating and selecting information on the Internet: two educational methods compared

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Walraven, Amber; Brand-Gruwel, Saskia; Boshuizen, Els

    2009-01-01

    Walraven, A., Brand-Gruwel, S., & Boshuizen, E. (2008). Beoordelen en selecteren van informatie op Internet: twee onderwijsmethodes vergeleken [Evaluating and selecting information on the Internet: two educational methods compared]. OnderwijsInnovatie, 10(1), 17-25.

  12. Information on radionuclides on the Internet. http://www.tue.nl/sbd/nvsnucleair.htm; Gegevens over radionucliden op het Internet. http://www.tue.nl/sbd/nvsnucleair.htm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franken, Y. [Technische Universiteit Eindhoven SBD/TUE, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    1997-12-01

    A selection from Internet information sources on the subjects of radiation protection, dosimetry and medical radiation applications are discussed. The article is also available through the Internet (see title) including links to the discussed sites

  13. 36 CFR 1194.22 - Web-based intranet and internet information and applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... internet information and applications. 1194.22 Section 1194.22 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACCESSIBILITY STANDARDS Technical Standards § 1194.22 Web-based intranet and internet information and applications. (a)...

  14. Health Information-Seeking Behavior of Seniors Who Use the Internet : A Survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Medlock, Stephanie; Eslami, Saeid; Askari, Marjan; Arts, Derk L.; Sent, Danielle; de Rooij, Sophia E.; Abu-Hanna, Ameen

    2015-01-01

    Background: The Internet is viewed as an important source for health information and a medium for patient empowerment. However, little is known about how seniors use the Internet in relation to other sources for health information. Objective: The aim was to determine which information resources seni

  15. 77 FR 20367 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Computer and Internet Use Supplement to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-04

    ...., Washington, DC 20230 (or via the Internet at JJessup@doc.gov ). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests for... National Telecommunications and Information Administration Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Computer and Internet Use Supplement to the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey AGENCY:...

  16. Exploring Malaysian Trainee Teachers' Adoption of the Internet as Information Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teck-Chai, Lau; Kim-Hong, Yeoh; Ching-Ching, Choong

    2010-01-01

    This study reports the usage of three commercial Internet search engines in information seeking among trainee teachers at a teacher training institute in Malaysia. It attempts to investigate the information seeking behavior of the trainees via three Internet search engines (Google, Yahoo and MSN) as gateways to information for research in academic…

  17. Internet Access and Online Cancer Information Seeking Among Latino Immigrants From Safety Net Clinics

    Science.gov (United States)

    SELSKY, CLAIRE; LUTA, GEORGE; NOONE, ANNE-MICHELLE; HUERTA, ELMER E.; MANDELBLATT, JEANNE S.

    2013-01-01

    Internet use is widespread, but little is known about Internet use for cancer information among Latinos, especially those who rely on safety net clinics. The authors investigated access to and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among low income, immigrant Latinos predominately from Central and South America. A cross-sectional study of 1,273 Latinos 21 years and older attending safety net clinics or health fairs was conducted from June 2007 to November 2008. The authors used logistic regression models to evaluate associations of age, acculturation, psychosocial factors and other covariates with Internet access and intended use of the Internet for cancer information among those with access. Of the sample, 44% reported Internet access. Higher information self-efficacy and greater trust in the Internet were independently associated with Internet access (p= .05 and p < .001, respectively). Among those with access, 53.8% reported they intended to seek cancer help online if they needed information. Those with younger age and higher acculturation, education and self-efficacy had higher odds of intended Internet use for cancer information, considering covariates. In addition, those with high (vs. low) perceived risk of cancer (OR = 1.76; 95% CI [1.14, 2.73]; p = .01) and higher levels of trust in online health information (OR = 1.47 per one-point increase; 95% [CI 1.19, 1.82]; p = .0004) were more likely to intend to seek cancer information online. These findings that Internet access is fairly high in the immigrant Latino population and that the Internet is a trusted source of cancer information suggest that the Internet may be a channel for cancer control interventions. PMID:23066874

  18. Ethical problems inherent in psychological research based on internet communication as stored information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øhrstrøm, Peter; Dyhrberg, Johan

    2007-01-01

    This paper deals with certain ethical problems inherent in psychological research based on internet communication as stored information. Section 1 contains an analysis of research on Internet debates. In particular, it takes into account a famous example of deception for psychology research...... purposes. In section 2, the focus is on research on personal data in texts published on the Internet. Section 3 includes an attempt to formulate some ethical principles and guidelines, which should be regarded as fundamental in research on stored information....

  19. Information and Emotion in Advertising: A Content Analysis on the Internet in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Melby Karina Zuniga Huertas; Antonio Cássio Segura

    2012-01-01

    The significant increase in the number of users and transactions over the Internet has highlighted the importance of this channel, bringing new opportunities and challenges for advertising. However, the way advertisers use information and emotional appeals in their messages is still a subject little studied. Hence, the objectives of this paper are to: a) analyze some general features of Internet advertising; and b) explore the information content and emotional appeal of Internet advertising. ...

  20. Nuclear wastes: vitrification and long term behaviour. Information available on Internet sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reports an information search on the long-term behaviour of vitrified nuclear wastes. This search has been performed on the Internet and this report presents 21 forms corresponding to the 21 relevant Internet web sites. These forms contain the name of the organization, its country, its Internet address, its language, a brief description of the available information, the concerned public (general public, scholars and students, scientific community)

  1. Internet application: production-technical information system MoNET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MoNET is the production-technical information system supporting engineering, operational and maintenance processes of distribution network administrator. It utilizes the model of distribution network that is situated in the geo-space relational database. The geo-space database represents an information base of operational-technical processes. It contains elements and equipment s of the distribution network, failures, operational events, maintenance records, but also, parcels, reference planimetry, e.g. and other subjects for which is relevant the positional datum - geo-space information. MoNET is typically exploited in the fields: - evidence of the subjects and equipment of network, technical documentation; - property administration; - planning of network development, support of designing and construction; - technical calculation; - breakdown controller centre; - maintenance management. MoNET can be implemented as the desktop application, however its first benefit is derived from its usage as the intranet application MoNET WEB for the whole enterprise or organisation. This version enables an unrestricted number of end-users to enter this system. The end-users don't need any special software to enter the data of MoNet WEB application, the pre-installed Internet Explorer will do. (author)

  2. Exposure to and Intention to Discuss Cancer-Related Internet Information Among Patients With Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bylund, Carma L.; D'Agostino, Thomas A.; Ostroff, Jamie; Heerdt, Alexandra; Li, Yuelin; Dickler, Maura

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Previous studies have reported a significant number of patients with breast cancer seek cancer-related information from the Internet. Most studies have asked whether a patient has ever read Internet information since her diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency with which patients with breast cancer come to physician appointments having recently read and intending to discuss cancer-related information from the Internet. Patients and Methods: We asked 558 patients with breast cancer who were waiting to see their physicians about their experiences reading cancer-related information from the Internet and their intent to discuss the information in their current visit. Results: Fifteen percent reported reading cancer-related Internet information in the past month. Patients who had read such information in the past month were younger, had been diagnosed more recently, and were more likely to be attending a new visit. Of those who had read in the past month, 45% reported intending to discuss what they had read with their physician. Nineteen percent of patients reported having ever read breast cancer–related Internet information since their diagnosis. Conclusion: The proportion of patients with breast cancer planning to discuss Internet information during their current physician visit was relatively small. Few characteristics were associated with recent Internet use or intent to discuss. PMID:22548010

  3. Information Retrieval From Internet Applications For Digital Forensic

    OpenAIRE

    Mohanty, Ipsita; Velusamy, R. Leela

    2012-01-01

    Advanced internet technologies providing services like e-mail, social networking, online banking, online shopping etc., have made day-to-day activities simple and convenient. Increasing dependency on the internet, convenience, and decreasing cost of electronic devices have resulted in frequent use of online services. However, increased indulgence over the internet has also accelerated the pace of digital crimes. The increase in number and complexity of digital crimes has caught the attention ...

  4. Non-users of Internet in the information society

    OpenAIRE

    Marina Viktorovna Zagidullina

    2014-01-01

    Several surveys of Russian attitudes towards the Internet are examined. An official surveyor shows that the Internet audience is constantly growing in Russia. But surveys of ‘ordinary people’ demonstrate a symptom of Internet ‘hate’: many prefer to escape totally from social media and the Internet space. This audience needs to be investigated in order to answer the question: “are ‘non-users’ just ordinary ‘socio-phobic individuals’ or is their attitude a real trend in society and a new social...

  5. Teleradiology mobile internet system with a new information security solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satoh, Hitoshi; Niki, Noboru; Eguchi, Kenji; Ohmatsu, Hironobu; Kusumoto, Masahiko; Kaneko, Masahiro; Moriyama, Noriyuki

    2014-03-01

    We have developed an external storage system by using secret sharing scheme and tokenization for regional medical cooperation, PHR service and information preservation. The use of mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets will be accelerated for a PHR service, and the confidential medical information is exposed to the risk of damage and intercept. We verified the transfer rate of the sending and receiving of data to and from the external storage system that connected it with PACS by the Internet this time. External storage systems are the data centers that exist in Okinawa, in Osaka, in Sapporo and in Tokyo by using secret sharing scheme. PACS continuously transmitted 382 CT images to the external data centers. Total capacity of the CT images is about 200MB. The total time that had been required to transmit was about 250 seconds. Because the preservation method to use secret sharing scheme is applied, security is strong. But, it also takes the information transfer time of this system too much. Therefore, DICOM data is masked to the header information part because it is made to anonymity in our method. The DICOM data made anonymous is preserved in the data base in the hospital. Header information including individual information is divided into two or more tallies by secret sharing scheme, and preserved at two or more external data centers. The token to relate the DICOM data anonymity made to header information preserved outside is strictly preserved in the token server. The capacity of header information that contains patient's individual information is only about 2% of the entire DICOM data. This total time that had been required to transmit was about 5 seconds. Other, common solutions that can protect computer communication networks from attacks are classified as cryptographic techniques or authentication techniques. Individual number IC card is connected with electronic certification authority of web medical image conference system. Individual number IC

  6. The Impact of Internet Information Resources on Research Strategies: A Case Study in Alcohol Policy Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Suzanne P.; Anglin, Lise; Kavanagh, Lynn T.; Greenfield, Thomas K.; Giesbrecht, Norman A.

    1999-01-01

    Examines the impact of Internet information resources on the development and adaptation of research strategies based on a study of federal alcohol control policy. Considers how Internet access affects utilization of information services within an organization, and describes measures of utilization and effectiveness for assessing the impact of…

  7. Mining the Internet: a coal mining perspective to the information superhighway

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKay, I.B. [TransAlta Utilities Corporation, Duffield, AB (Canada). Sundance Generating Plant

    1996-12-31

    Methods are described to show how mining companies can use the international computer networks, Internet and World Wide Web, to access information on research, new products, services, equipment, and techniques. The information currently available, how mining companies can communicate and market their mining services, and the changes Internet will bring to the way business is conducted are discussed.

  8. Rural Health Care Information Access and the Use of the Internet: Opportunity for University Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Biswa R.; Leatherman, John C.; Bressers, Bonnie M.

    2015-01-01

    The Internet has potential for improving health information delivery and strengthening connections between rural populations and local health service providers. An exploratory case study six rural health care markets in Kansas showed that about 70% of adults use the Internet, with substantial use for accessing health information. While there are…

  9. Body Mass Index and the Use of the Internet for Health Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faith, Jennifer; Thorburn, Sheryl; Smit, Ellen

    2016-01-01

    Objective: Individuals who experience or anticipate negative interactions from medical providers related to conditions such as obesity may preferentially use the Internet for health information. Our objectives in this study were to (1) examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and Internet health information-seeking and (2) examine…

  10. THE EFFECT OF THE INTERNET ADDICTION ON THE INFORMATION-SEEKING BEHAVIOR OF THE POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soleymani, Mohammad Reza; Garivani, Asieh; Zare-Farashbandi, Firoozeh

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Internet addiction is a typical use of the internet that causes the psychological, social, educational, or occupational problems for the people. Students need the internet more than other people due to their educational or research needs. The rate and type of the internet use may affect their information-seeking behavior too. This study aims to investigate the effect of the internet addiction on the information-seeking behavior of the postgraduate students. Methods: This applied study that uses the correlation method. The research population composed of 1149 postgraduate students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, of which 284 were selected using the stratified random sampling as the sample. Yang’s internet addiction questionnaire and the researcher-developed questionnaire of the information-seeking behavior were used as the data collection instruments. Instrument validity was confirmed by the specialists of librarianship and medical sciences and its reliability was confirmed using the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (0.86). Research data were analyzed using the descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (independent-t tests, Pearson correlation coefficient, and variance analysis). Results: Based on the findings, there was no sign of internet addiction among the 86.6% of the students. However, 13% of the students were exposed to the internet addiction and only 0.4% of internet addiction was observed among the students. There was no significant difference between the information-seeking behavior of the male and female respondents. There was no sign of the internet addiction in any dimension of the information-seeking behavior of the students. Conclusion: This study showed that there is no relationship between the information-seeking behavior of the students and the age and the rate of the internet use. Promoting the network infrastructures and increasing the internet speed as well as facilitating the use of

  11. Gastric cancer-related information on the Internet: incomplete, poorly accessible, and overly commercial.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Killeen, Shane

    2011-02-01

    Patients increasingly use the Internet for gastric cancer information. However, the quality of the information is questionable. We evaluated the accuracy, completeness, accessibility, reliability, and readability of gastric cancer websites.

  12. Modern Internet-resources in the practice of lifelong informal learning

    OpenAIRE

    Ruliene Lyubov Nimazhapovna

    2015-01-01

    The publication examines the existential function of education. Informal learning is offered as the practice of continuous education. An overview of Internet resources as tools for informal learning are presented.

  13. Renewable energy information system on Internet - REISI; Renewable Energy Information System on Internet - REISI. Produktinformationen und Betriebsergebnisse solarer Energieversorgungssysteme im Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohrig, K. [Institut fuer Solare Energieversorgungstechnik (ISET), Kassel (Germany)

    1998-12-01

    Since 1988, ISET, supported by the Government of the German Land Hesse, has been operating an information system for components of solar energy supply plants (ISEE). In this online databank there are at present technical data, cost data and manufacturers` information on wind energy plants, photo-voltaic modules, solar collectors, inverters, rectifiers and batteries. The ISEE contains over 4800 data sentences, of which about 3,300 data sentences are more recent than 3 years old. In addition there are about 600 addresses of manufacturers, distributors and suppliers. With this offer, the ISEE is the leading supplier in Germany of information in the area of components for solar energy supply systems. [Deutsch] Seit 1988 betreibt das ISET, gefoerdert durch die hessische Landesregierung, ein Informationssystem fuer Komponenten solarer Energieversorgungsanlagen (ISEE). Aktuell stehen in dieser Online-Datenbank technische Daten, Kostendaten sowie Herstellerinformationen zu Windenergieanlagen, Photovoltaikmodulen, Solarkollektoren, Stromrichtern, Gleichstromstellern und Batterien zur Verfuegung. Das ISEE enthaelt ueber 4.800 Datensaetze, davon sind ca. 3.300 Datensaetze juenger als 3 Jahre. Hinzu kommen etwa 600 Adressen von Herstellern, Distributoren und Lieferanten. Mit diesem Angebot ist das ISEE in Deutschland fuehrender Informationsanbieter im Bereich Komponenten solarer Energieversorgungssysteme. Aufbauend auf den Datenbestand der Online-Informationssysteme WISY und ISEE sowie auf den Auswertungen des WMEP wurde im September 1997 der Technologiebereich Windenergie im `Renewable Energy Information System on Internet - REISI` fertiggestellt. (orig./RHM)

  14. Spanish students' use of the Internet for mental health information and support seeking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montagni, Ilaria; Parizot, Isabelle; Horgan, Aine; Gonzalez-Caballero, Juan-Luis; Almenara-Barrios, José; Lagares-Franco, Carolina; Peralta-Sáez, Juan-Luis; Chauvin, Pierre; Amaddeo, Francesco

    2016-06-01

    The Internet is a growing source of information for health in general, with university student being online almost daily. Evaluating their use of the Internet for mental health information and support can help understanding if online tools and websites should be used for mental health promotion and, to some extent, care. A survey was conducted with more than 600 students of Law, Nursing and Computer Science of the University of Cadiz in Spain to determine their general use of the Internet and their perceptions and trust in using this medium for mental health information. Data were collected using a 25-item-questionnaire and findings indicated that students had a strong distrust in online mental health information, notwithstanding their daily use of the Internet. The frequency and methods of their research on the Internet correlated with their health status, their medical consultations and with certain socio-demographic characteristics. PMID:25477327

  15. A Primer on Internet Economics: Economic Aspects of Digital Information Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Gilroy, Bernard Michael

    1999-01-01

    One of the major economic developments in the world of the last decade has been the complementary globalization of production and the rapid development of information and communication technology as exhibited through the emergence of the Internet. The preliminary analysis presented here is guided by the belief that although the Internet has received a great deal of publicity, there still remain areas of vacuum with regard to research on the economics of the Internet and a more wide-spread und...

  16. Information searching behavior in the Internet age: A users’ study of Aligarh Muslim University

    OpenAIRE

    Nazim, Mohammad

    2008-01-01

    Reports the results of a survey conducted at Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) to determine the extent to which Internet users are aware and make use of the Internet resources and services. Examines the information searching behaviour of Internet users. A questionnaire and follow-up interviews with the postgraduate students, research scholars and academic staff were conducted to collect data. The sample used consisted of 489 persons of eight faculties. The data was analysed according to the...

  17. Organizing Distribution Channels for Information Goods on the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Rajiv Dewan; Marshall Freimer; Abraham Seidmann

    2000-01-01

    Rapid technological developments and deregulation of the telecommunications industry have changed the way in which content providers distribute and price their goods and services. Instead of selling a bundle of content and access through proprietary networks, these firms are shifting their distribution channels to the Internet. In this new setting, the content and Internet service providers find themselves in a relationship that is simultaneously cooperative and competitive. We find that prop...

  18. Internet Epistemology: Contributions of New Information Technologies to Scientific Research

    OpenAIRE

    Thagard, P.

    1997-01-01

    Internet technologies, including electronic mail, preprint archives, and the World Wide Web, are now ubiquitous parts of scientific practice. After reviewing the full range of these technologies and sketching the history of their development, this paper provides an epistemological appraisal of their contributions to scientific research. It uses Alvin Goldman's epistemic criteria of reliability, power, fecundity, speed and efficiency to evaluate the largely positive impact of Internet technolo...

  19. Safety Information Modeling: Smart Safety Devices & Internet of Everything

    OpenAIRE

    S B Aanandh; Chinmaya Kar; Nihal Siddiqqui

    2015-01-01

    The next generation of Internet of things that connects the things, people and the process through which the people and things interact is coined as Internet of Everything. Safety management is constructed as a complex system of systems design coordinating with each other like the Fire Alarm System or Gas Detection System as well as the Emergency response like the Fire Fighters and Para-Medicals like the Ambulatory services. The governments have been setting up national broadband plans and se...

  20. Use of Internet for Information Seeking by the Faculty Members of University of Kashmir: A Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Sangita Gupta; Bindu Sharma

    2010-01-01

    The paper is an attempt to survey use of internet for assessing information seeking behaviour among faculty of University of Kashmir. A pre- structured questionnaire administered among the faculty in various Departments of the University.It reveals that e-mail is the most used service of internet while “Google” and “Yahoo” are often used search engines. Internet explorer is termed as highly used web browser and slow speed as a problem in accessing the internet.Concludes that younger members a...

  1. Determining the Navigational Aids Use on the Internet: The Information Technologies Teacher Candidates' Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzu, Abdullah; Firat, Mehmet

    2010-01-01

    The Internet users who fail to cope with navigation may generally face various problems such as disorientation, distraction, low motivation and abandonment of information retrieval. Therefore, navigational aids are frequently used in today's Web browsers and Web sites to help users navigate on the Internet. However, it is asserted that…

  2. 75 FR 32372 - Information Privacy and Innovation in the Internet Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... for economic growth and job creation through the Internet. \\1\\ Commerce Secretary Locke Announces... Daylight Time (EDT) on June 14, 2010. \\2\\ See 75 FR 21, 226 (April 23, 2010). Dated: June 3, 2010. Lawrence... in the Internet Economy AGENCY: National Telecommunications and Information Administration,...

  3. 75 FR 70714 - Global Free Flow of Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-18

    ...The Department of Commerce's Internet Policy Task Force announces that the closing deadline for submission of comments responsive to the September 29, 2010 notice of inquiry on the global free flow of information on the Internet has been reopened and will extend until 5 p.m. Eastern Standard Time (EST) on December 6,...

  4. 75 FR 80042 - Information Privacy and Innovation in the Internet Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... Internet Economy, 75 FR 21226 (Apr. 23, 2010), available at http://www.ntia.doc.gov/frnotices/2010/FR... information economy; and (2) the public confidence necessary for full citizen participation with the Internet....ntia.doc.gov/comments/100402174-0175-01/ . \\2\\ The Public Meeting Notice, 75 FR 19942 (Apr. 16,...

  5. The consequences of seniors seeking health information using the internet and other sources

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Medlock, Stephanie; Eslami, Saeid; Askari, Marjan; Sent, Danielle; de Rooij, Sophia E; Abu-Hanna, Ameen

    2013-01-01

    The internet is viewed as an important channel for patient empowerment, enabling patients to feel more knowledgeable and take action to improve their own health. Internet use among seniors in the Netherlands is increasing, but it is not known if they also use it for health information, nor if seekin

  6. Instant Access in Forensics: Issues Created by the Internet and Electronic Information Systems in Forensic Competition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Shannon

    Although technology has created endless benefits for society, these benefits are accompanied by increased responsibilities and dangers. On-line research and the internet have completely altered the surface of forensics. Advantages of using the internet are the access to a wealth of information, which could constitute an equalizer for smaller…

  7. EXPLORING MALAYSIAN TRAINEE TEACHERS’ ADOPTION OF THE INTERNET AS INFORMATION TOOL

    OpenAIRE

    Lau Teck-Chai; Yeoh Kim-Hong; Choong Ching-Ching

    2010-01-01

    This study reports the usage of three commercial Internet search engines in information seeking among trainee teachers at a teacher training institute in Malaysia. It attempts to investigate the information seeking behavior of the trainees via three Internet search engines (Google, Yahoo and MSN) as gateways to information for research in academic learning using two cohorts of trainee teachers. The study surveyed 166 trainee teachers undergoing a 5-year Bachelor’s Degree program and compares ...

  8. Information Search Strategies on the Internet: A Critical Component of New Literacies

    OpenAIRE

    Laurie A. Henry

    2005-01-01

    The ability to effectively search and locate information on the Internet is an important skill for education and essential for success in the 21st century. The results from a single search task can produce an overwhelming amount of information. Without the new literacy skills and strategies that the process of searching and locating information on the Internet requires, this can quickly become a daunting task. The purpose of this exploratory study was twofold. First, it set out to identify th...

  9. Information-Seeking Behaviour on Internet: A Comparison between Arts and Science Undergraduate Students in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omidian, Faranak; Seifi Maleki, A.M. Masoomeh

    2013-01-01

    The Internet has increasingly influenced the information-seeking behavior of students in higher education over the past few decades. The mass availability of information on the web has seen significant changes in the electronic information needs, information retrieval, and communication patterns (information seeking behavior) of university…

  10. Counter-regulating on the Internet: Threat elicits preferential processing of positive information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greving, Hannah; Sassenberg, Kai; Fetterman, Adam

    2015-09-01

    The Internet is a central source of information. It is increasingly used for information search in self-relevant domains (e.g., health). Self-relevant topics are also associated with specific emotions and motivational states. For example, individuals may fear serious illness and feel threatened. Thus far, the impact of threat has received little attention in Internet-based research. The current studies investigated how threat influences Internet search. Threat is known to elicit the preferential processing of positive information. The self-directed nature of Internet search should particularly provide opportunities for such processing behavior. We predicted that during Internet search, more positive information would be processed (i.e., allocated more attention to) and more positive knowledge would be acquired under threat than in a control condition. Three experiments supported this prediction: Under threat, attention is directed more to positive web pages (Study 1) and positive links (Study 2), and more positive information is acquired (Studies 1 and 3) than in a control condition. Notably, the effect on knowledge acquisition was mediated by the effect on attention allocation during an actual Internet search (Study 1). Thus, Internet search under threat leads to selective processing of positive information and dampens threatened individuals' negative affect. PMID:26098968

  11. Internet and information technology use in treatment of diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, N

    2010-02-01

    This chapter contains clinical studies and reviews of the state-of-the-art regarding how information technology can help improve outcomes for patients with diabetes through enhanced education and support. With the increasing sophistication of diabetes treatment protocols and diabetes-related devices this new modality offers a remarkable opportunity for clinicians and patients. For the first time, with online tools clinicians are in a position to have a major impact on diabetes outcomes by providing robust and affordable just-in-time support to large numbers of patients who want to improve their diabetes outcomes through enhanced self-management of the complex behaviours so essential for good outcomes. Patients with diabetes often need a complex set of services and support ranging from glucose monitoring, insulin and other medication management, psychotherapy and social support, to physical activity promotion, nutrition counselling and more. Integrating these supports into a patient's therapeutic regimen presents challenges that need to be addressed through a variety of strategies. Patient self-management of diabetes enabled by information technology is becoming an important factor in the way providers deliver healthcare. Approaches using information technology to support clinical services are being dramatically altered by the confluence of several trends. * Patients want an active role in managing their own health and a collaborative relationship with their healthcare providers. * Widespread, low-cost internet access is erasing existing geographic, economic and demographic barriers to obtaining health information online, and with advanced Web 2.0 technologies high levels of interactivity can engage the patient. * Clinicians and researchers now have a deeper understanding of how people learn and respond online, and that knowledge can be crafted into solutions that produce effective, long-term behaviour change. Technology enabled approaches that show great promise to

  12. Use of the Internet for Health Information by the Chronically Ill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todd H. Wagner

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Chronic conditions are among the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. The Internet is a source of health information and advice for individuals with chronic conditions and shows promise for helping individuals manage their conditions and improve their quality of life. Methods We assessed Internet use for health information by people who had one or more of five common chronic conditions. We conducted a national survey of adults aged 21 and older, then analyzed data from 1980 respondents who had Internet access and who reported that they had hypertension, diabetes, cancer, heart problems, and/or depression. Results Adjusted rates for any Internet use for health information ranged from 33.8% (heart problems only to 52.0% (diabetes only. A sizable minority of respondents — particularly individuals with diabetes — reported that the Internet helped them to manage their condition themselves, and 7.9% said information on the Internet led them to seek care from a different doctor. Conclusion Use of the Internet for health information by chronically ill patients is moderate. Self-reported effects on choice of treatment or provider are small but noteworthy.

  13. RWE NUKEM's 'Living' Nuclear Compendium eNICE. An internet-based, multifunctional nuclear information platform

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Information has become a commodity particularly important to industry, science, and politics. Information becomes critical because of its rapid change. The basis and the catalyst of this change in information are the information technologies now available, and the Internet with its varied contents. This makes the Internet a new market place which, although it is open, can quickly turn into an information maze because of its sheer volume. Also the nuclear industry must find its way through this maze. eNICE was created in order to build a bridge between the flood of information in the Internet and the information really needed in a specific case. eNICE (e stands for electronic, and NICE stands for Nuclear Information Compendium Europe), a living Internet-based nuclear compendium in the English language, is a unique combination of a broad spectrum of information and data about the use of nuclear power in Europe. The information and data contained in eNICE are interconnected with the World Wide Web in such a way that structured searching for nuclear information is possible quickly and efficiently. This avoids the difficulties sometimes encountered in searches in the Internet as a consequence of the unstructured volume of information. A monthly update of eNICE ensures that the data available are up to date and reliable. eNICE also offers direct access to the library used by RWE NUKEM for internal purposes. (orig.)

  14. DISSEMINATING AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION THROUGH THE INTERNET: INDONESIAN CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL LIBRARY AND TECHNOLOGY DISSEMINATION EXPERIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Winarko

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The Indonesian Center for Library and Technology Dissemination (ICALTD has a duty to disseminate agricultural information to researchers, extension workers, academicians, and other general users. Previously, the dissemination was based on printed publications. However, along with the penetration and development of the internet, the method of dissemination has changed to ITC-based dissemination. CD/VCD and internet technology application plays an important role in ICALTD’s dissemination of agricultural information. The involvement of internet technology in the dissemination of agricultural information ranges from purchasing online electronic journals for the main library collection to electronic-based processing and internet-based services. Efforts to educate stakeholders, such as administrators, content providers, and users, are carried out to ensure the successful dissemination of agricultural information.

  15. A Novel Navigation Information Management System for Food Maritime Logistics Based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei He

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the construction of a new navigation information management system for food maritime logistics. With the vigorous development of Internet technology, the Internet of things technology has been introduced into the food maritime logistics to enhance the efficiency of food production transportation. However, the navigation information management system for food maritime logistics is still a big challenge and very limited work has been done to address safe and effective navigation information management for food maritime logistics. For this reason, a novel navigation information management system based on Internet of things for food maritime logistics is presented in this study to achieve a variety of network data exchange and integration and build a set of information collection and transmission modules to process and share the information involved with the beacons, hydrology and environment. The navigation information management system could provide important information and decision for food maritime logistics to ensure their safety.

  16. Use of and Satisfaction with Sources of Health Information among Older Internet Users and Nonusers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taha, Jessica; Sharit, Joseph; Czaja, Sara

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: Older adults generally have an increased need for health care information. Whereas some use the Internet to look for this information, others use more traditional sources. This study gathered data from older adults to determine their health information needs, the perceived usefulness of sources of health information, and if there are…

  17. Internet, Electronic Libraries, and Information Retrieval Internet, Elektronik Kütüphaneler ve Bilgi Erişim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaşar Tonta

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available The number of information systems that are accessible through the Internet is constantly increasing. Information systems on those systems are getting varied and occupy more space, too. Up until a few years ago, only textual information sources were accessible via computer networks, whereas today multimedia information sources containing graphics, sound, pictures, and animation are also accessible over the Internet. Geographic information systems, electronic libraries, film and TV archives can he given as examples of multimedia information sources, We point out that information retrieval should he seen as an integral component of the computer networks, and technological, economic, and legal problems in this field should he solved. We end up with what should he done to improve the library and information services that arc accessible through the Internet in Turkey. Günümüzde Internet aracılığıyla erişilebilen bilgi sistemlerinin sayısı hızla artmaktadır. Bu sistemler üzerindeki bilgi kaynakları da giderek çeşitlenmekte ve daha fazla yer kaplamaktadır. Yakın zamana dek bilgisayar ağları aracılığıyla çoğunlukla metin (text türü bilgilere erişim sağlanabilirken, günümüzde grafik, ses, görüntü, canlandırma ve diğer görsel-işitsel veriler içeren çokluortam (multimedia türü bilgiler de Internet üzerinde hizmete sunulabilmektedir. Coğrafik bilgi sistemleri, elektronik kütüphaneler, film ve TV arşivleri bu tür bilgilere örnek olarak gösterilebilir. Bu makalede Internet aracılığıyla bilgi erişim ve bilgi keşfetmede karşılaşılan sorunlar incelenmekte ve sayıca giderek artan ve çeşitlenen bilgi kaynaklarına erişimi kolaylaştırmak için yapılması gerekenler kısaca özetlenmektedir. Sonuç olarak bilgi erişimin, büyük paralar ve entellektüel çabalar harcanarak kurulan bilgisayar ağlarının bir parçası olarak görülmesi gerektiğine işaret edilerek bu alandaki teknolojik

  18. Electronic information exchange between NRC and licensees using Internet E-mail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roe, J.W.; Carpenter, C.E. Jr.

    1994-12-31

    One of the goals established in the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Strategic Information Technology Plan was the development of high-performance computer networks that would allow users to have E-mail and document transfer capabilities with NRC staff, certain U.S. Department of Energy laboratories, and with outside users over the public Internet network. Subsequently, individual Internet E-mail accounts have been established for project managers in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation (NRR), which allow informal communications with licensees that have access to the Internet.

  19. Use of the Internet for Health Information by the Chronically Ill

    OpenAIRE

    Wagner, Todd H.; Baker, Laurence C.; M. Kate Bundorf; Sara Singer

    2004-01-01

    Introduction Chronic conditions are among the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. The Internet is a source of health information and advice for individuals with chronic conditions and shows promise for helping individuals manage their conditions and improve their quality of life. Methods We assessed Internet use for health information by people who had one or more of five common chronic conditions. We conducted a national survey of adults aged 21 and older, then...

  20. A Novel Navigation Information Management System for Food Maritime Logistics Based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Wei He; Xiumin Chu

    2014-01-01

    This study focuses on the construction of a new navigation information management system for food maritime logistics. With the vigorous development of Internet technology, the Internet of things technology has been introduced into the food maritime logistics to enhance the efficiency of food production transportation. However, the navigation information management system for food maritime logistics is still a big challenge and very limited work has been done to address safe and effective navi...

  1. Potential Usage of Faceted Classification in InternetInformation Retrieval”

    OpenAIRE

    Hong, Mei

    2006-01-01

    Currently, faceted classification goes into the realm of the Internetinformation retrieval” and it is more accepted as a tool outside the realm of the library and information science. Unfortunately, IT people have adopted the faceted classification without a methodologically full understanding of faceted classification. There is not much theoretical discussion about the possibility on the Internet environments based on its library original. In this paper, I will discuss the potential usage ...

  2. The Evolution of the Internet as a Global Information System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Robert; Leiner, Barry M.; Cerf, Vinton G.; Clark, David D.; Kleinrock, Leonard; Lynch, Daniel C.; Postel, Jon; Roberts, Lawrence E.; Wolff, Stephen

    1997-01-01

    Provides a brief history of the Internet revolving around four distinct aspects: (1) the technological evolution that began with early research on packet switching and the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) and continues to expand the infrastructure; (2) operations and management; (3) the social aspect; and (4) commercialization.…

  3. Natural Hazards and Disaster Information on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, John A.

    1997-01-01

    Provides brief descriptions of Internet sites for teachers wishing to access various hazard warnings, satellite images, hazard vulnerability maps, reports, and other data concerning geophysical, hydrologic, and meteorological hazards. Includes suggested classroom strategies and references to past articles in the "Journal of Geography" containing…

  4. Leapfrogging? India's Information Technology Industry and the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Robert R Miller

    2001-01-01

    The Internet has been seen by numerous observers, as a set of technologies that might enable developing countries to "leapfrog" over the development path, taken by industrial countries, enabling poorer countries to increase their rates of growth, and "catch up" sooner. Using India as a case study, this paper reviews the degree to which that promise might be realized. The paper concludes th...

  5. Information is in the eye of the beholder: Seeking information on the MMR vaccine through an Internet search engine

    OpenAIRE

    Yom-Tov, Elad; Fernandez-Luque, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Vaccination campaigns are one of the most important and successful public health programs ever undertaken. People who want to learn about vaccines in order to make an informed decision on whether to vaccinate are faced with a wealth of information on the Internet, both for and against vaccinations. In this paper we develop an automated way to score Internet search queries and web pages as to the likelihood that a person making these queries or reading those pages would decide to vaccinate. We...

  6. Work stress and subsequent risk of internet addiction among information technology engineers in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Sung-Wei; Gau, Susan Shur-Fen; Pikhart, Hynek; Peasey, Anne; Chen, Shih-Tse; Tsai, Ming-Chen

    2014-08-01

    Work stress, as defined by the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) model and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model, has been found to predict risks for depression, anxiety, and substance addictions, but little research is available on work stress and Internet addiction. The aims of this study are to assess whether the DCS and ERI models predict subsequent risks of Internet addiction, and to examine whether these associations might be mediated by depression and anxiety. A longitudinal study was conducted in a sample (N=2,550) of 21-55 year old information technology engineers without Internet addiction. Data collection included questionnaires covering work stress, demographic factors, psychosocial factors, substance addictions, Internet-related factors, depression and anxiety at wave 1, and the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) at wave 2. Ordinal logistic regression was used to assess the associations between work stress and IAT; path analysis was adopted to evaluate potentially mediating roles of depression and anxiety. After 6.2 months of follow-up, 14.0% of subjects became problematic Internet users (IAT 40-69) and 4.1% pathological Internet users (IAT 70-100). Job strain was associated with an increased risk of Internet addiction (odds ratio [OR] of having a higher IAT outcome vs. a lower outcome was 1.53); high work social support reduced the risk of Internet addiction (OR=0.62). High ER ratio (OR=1.61) and high overcommitment (OR=1.68) were associated with increased risks of Internet addiction. Work stress defined by the DCS and ERI models predicted subsequent risks of Internet addiction. PMID:24950412

  7. Evaluating Personal Archiving Strategies for Internet-based Information

    CERN Document Server

    Marshall, Catherine C; Nelson, Michael L

    2007-01-01

    Internet-based personal digital belongings present different vulnerabilities than locally stored materials. We use responses to a survey of people who have recovered lost websites, in combination with supplementary interviews, to paint a fuller picture of current curatorial strategies and practices. We examine the types of personal, topical, and commercial websites that respondents have lost and the reasons they have lost this potentially valuable material. We further explore what they have tried to recover and how the loss influences their subsequent practices. We found that curation of personal digital materials in online stores bears some striking similarities to the curation of similar materials stored locally in that study participants continue to archive personal assets by relying on a combination of benign neglect, sporadic backups, and unsystematic file replication. However, we have also identified issues specific to Internet-based material: how risk is spread by distributing the files among multiple ...

  8. Evaluating Personal Archiving Strategies for Internet-based Information

    OpenAIRE

    Marshall, Catherine C.; McCown, Frank; Nelson, Michael L.

    2007-01-01

    Internet-based personal digital belongings present different vulnerabilities than locally stored materials. We use responses to a survey of people who have recovered lost websites, in combination with supplementary interviews, to paint a fuller picture of current curatorial strategies and practices. We examine the types of personal, topical, and commercial websites that respondents have lost and the reasons they have lost this potentially valuable material. We further explore what they have t...

  9. The Internet as a Source of Academic Research Information: Findings of Two Pilot Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kibirige, Harry M.; DePalo, Lisa

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of information available on the Internet focuses on two pilot studies that investigated how academic users perceive search engines and subject-oriented databases as sources of topical information. Highlights include information seeking behavior of academic users; undergraduate users; graduate users; faculty; and implications for…

  10. 78 FR 57371 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Student Aid Internet Gateway (SAIG...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-18

    ... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Student Aid Internet Gateway (SAIG) Enrollment... revision of an existing information collection. DATES: Interested persons are invited to submit comments on... accepted. Written requests for information or comments submitted by postal mail or delivery should...

  11. Internet-Based Health Information Consumer Skills Intervention for People Living with HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalichman, Seth C.; Cherry, Charsey; Cain, Demetria; Pope, Howard; Kalichman, Moira; Eaton, Lisa; Weinhardt, Lance; Benotsch, Eric G.

    2006-01-01

    Medical information can improve health, and there is an enormous amount of health information available on the Internet. A randomized clinical trial tested the effectiveness of an intervention based on social-cognitive theory to improve information use among people living with HIV/AIDS. Men and women (N = 448) were placed in either (a) an…

  12. How College Students Search the Internet for Weight Control and Weight Management Information: An Observational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senkowski, Valerie; Branscum, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Background: Few studies have attempted to examine how young adults search for health information on the Internet, especially information related to weight control and weight management. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine search strategies that college students used for finding information related to weight control and weight…

  13. The Information Society Towards the Knowledge Based Society Driven by the Information and Communications Technologies - From the Internet of Things to the Internet of… Trees (Part 2)

    OpenAIRE

    GREU, Victor

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyzes the Internet of things (IoT) evolution, in the context of the information and communications technologies (ICT) exponential development, as the main factor of the information society (IS) transformation toward knowledge based society (KBS). For starting the analysis of the IoT evolution a life example was taken, where, after 40 years of carrier evolution, people who benefited from a high level of knowledge, in a special class of mathematics at the high school, had also a sp...

  14. Health Information Accessed on the Internet: The Development in 5 European Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kummervold, Per Egil; Wynn, Rolf

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to summarize and analyse findings from four prior studies on the use of the Internet as a source of health information in five European countries (Norway, Denmark, Germany, Greece, and Portugal). A cross-study comparison of data was performed. All the studies included fit with a trend of a sharp and continuous growth in the use of the Internet for health information access in the major part of the last decade. Importantly, the Internet has become an important mass media source of health information in northern Europe. While the use of the Internet for health information is somewhat less common in the south European countries, its use is also clearly increasing there. We discuss the advantages of cross-study comparisons of data and methodological challenges. As the use of the Internet for health information is likely to peak in some countries in the near future, new population surveys on health information access should focus more on the details of information that is accessed and which sites that are most used and trusted. PMID:23304133

  15. Information ethics and Internet research ethics: An interview with Rafael Capurro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahman Marefat

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of the Internet and new technologies along with their challenges, have caused more attention to new and special aspects of ethics. This is an interview with Rafael Capurro on information ethics and Internet research ethics. This interview is given on the occasion of an invitation from Prof. Jafar Mehrad to visit the Islamic World Science Citation Center (ISC and the Regional Information Center for Science and Technology (RICEST in Shiraz (Iran from September 30 to October 5, 2014, and to give a number of lectures on the information concept and on information ethics.

  16. Using internet search engines and library catalogs to locate toxicology information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wukovitz, L D

    2001-01-12

    The increasing importance of the Internet demands that toxicologists become aquainted with its resources. To find information, researchers must be able to effectively use Internet search engines, directories, subject-oriented websites, and library catalogs. The article will explain these resources, explore their benefits and weaknesses, and identify skills that help the researcher to improve search results and critically evaluate sources for their relevancy, validity, accuracy, and timeliness. PMID:11164979

  17. MODEL OF SOCIAL AND INFORMATION PRACTICES SYSTEM AND TYPOLOGY OF INTERNET ADDICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey Ilin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article addresses the problems in the study of Internet addiction: absence of a single diagnostic tool and the need for classification of Internet-dependent behavior. The article suggests the typology formed by the model of system of social-informational practices, constructed on the basis of systems analysis with consideration of a 3-component system. Sustainable balance in the system characterizes the norm as behavior independent from Internet. The shift of the balance towards virtual reality indicates to the deviation – Internet dependent behavior, which has two types - behavior with reversible dependence and irreversible dependence. The author presents the results of the pilot study conducted with the aim to divide Internet-dependents into two groups. Relevance of consideration deviations in the Internet related to the penetration of information and communication technologies (ICT in virtually all areas of modern life and increasing involvement in the information practices of an increasing number of Russians, especially young audiences, has caused interest in this issue on the part of psychology, medicine, pedagogy, sociology, giving it a multi-disciplinary nature of the phenomenon.

  18. Trading and non-trading period Internet information flow and intraday return volatility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Dehua; Zhang, Wei; Xiong, Xiong; Li, Xiao; Zhang, Yongjie

    2016-06-01

    This paper employs the news appeared in Baidu News as the proxy for Internet information flow, separates them into trading period and non-trading period information and provides alternative evidence for the Mixture of Distribution Hypothesis (MDH). The empirical results show that the contemporary information can effectively reduce the volatility persistence; meanwhile, the lead information and the aggregate information also show some explanatory power. Some future directions are pointed out in the concluding remarks.

  19. Exploring correlations of information seeking behavior and self-efficacy in mobile Internet context

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Jialin; 杨嘉琳

    2015-01-01

    With the increase in usage of mobile devices, more users start to acquire information from them. Facing the vast digital resources, as the primary users, not many of the younger ones are information literate. It seems to be challenging for mobile Internet novice users to seek information effectually (Peter F. Drucker, 2014). Besides the limitations of seeking ability, user interface, information environment, information organization and other factors, psychological factor may also significant...

  20. The Quality and Readability of Information Available on the Internet Regarding Lumbar Fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Dafang; Schumacher, Charles; Harris, Mitchel B; Bono, Christopher M

    2016-03-01

    Study Design An Internet-based evaluation of Web sites regarding lumbar fusion. Objective The Internet has become a major resource for patients; however, the quality and readability of Internet information regarding lumbar fusion is unclear. The objective of this study is to evaluate the quality and readability of Internet information regarding lumbar fusion and to determine whether these measures changed with Web site modality, complexity of the search term, or Health on the Net Code of Conduct certification. Methods Using five search engines and three different search terms of varying complexity ("low back fusion," "lumbar fusion," and "lumbar arthrodesis"), we identified and reviewed 153 unique Web site hits for information quality and readability. Web sites were specifically analyzed by search term and Web site modality. Information quality was evaluated on a 5-point scale. Information readability was assessed using the Flesch-Kincaid score for reading grade level. Results The average quality score was low. The average reading grade level was nearly six grade levels above that recommended by National Work Group on Literacy and Health. The quality and readability of Internet information was significantly dependent on Web site modality. The use of more complex search terms yielded information of higher reading grade level but not higher quality. Conclusions Higher-quality information about lumbar fusion conveyed using language that is more readable by the general public is needed on the Internet. It is important for health care providers to be aware of the information accessible to patients, as it likely influences their decision making regarding care. PMID:26933614

  1. Chinese Internet Searches Provide Inaccurate and Misleading Information to Epilepsy Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-Ming Liu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Most patients with epilepsy want to learn as much as possible about the disease, and many have turned to the internet for information. Patients are likely to use information obtained from the internet to control their epilepsy, but little is known about the accuracy of this information. In this survey, we have assessed the feasibility and usability of internet-based interventions for the treatment of epilepsy. Methods: Data were collected from an internet search. Different search terms were used to obtain general information on epilepsy together with information about medication, types of epilepsy, treatment, women′s health, and other information. The accuracy of the information was evaluated by a group of experts. Results: A total of 1320 web pages were assessed. The majority were websites related to health. A large number (80.2% of web pages contained content related to the search term. A significant number of web pages 450/1058 (42.5% claimed to provide information from a credible source; however, only 206/1058 (19.5% of the information was accurate and complete; 326/1058 (30.8% was accurate but incomplete; 328/1058 (31.0% was correct but nonstandard, and 198/1058 (18.8% was inaccurate. The authenticity of the information was not significantly different between the two search engines (χ2 = 0.009, P = 0.924. No significant difference was observed in the information obtained from a specialist or nonspecialist source (χ2 = 7.538, P = 0.057. There was also no correlation between the quality of the information and the priority (χ2 = 6.880, P = 0.076. Conclusions: Searching for information about epilepsy on the internet is convenient, but the information provided is not reliable. Too much information is inaccurate or for advertisement purposes, and it is difficult for patients to find the useful information. Turning to the internet for medical knowledge may be harmful. Physicians should be aware that their patients may search for

  2. The Exploration of Elementary School Teachers' Internet Self-Efficacy and Information Commitments: A Study in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ying-Tien; Wang, Li-Jen

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to explore teachers' Internet self-efficacy and information commitments. More importantly, this study also attempted to identify possible factors that affect the teachers' Internet self-efficacy. The participants were 301 elementary school teachers. In this study, the Internet Self-efficacy Survey (ISS) and the Information…

  3. Fast Searching for Information on the Internet to Use in a Learning Context: The Impact of Domain Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willoughby, Teena; Anderson, S. Alexandria; Wood, Eileen; Mueller, Julie; Ross, Craig

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the role of domain knowledge when retrieving and using information from the Internet as a resource for essay tasks, as well as to investigate the quality of Internet searches and its relation to essay performance. In two experiments, 100 undergraduates searched the Internet for 30 min and completed two…

  4. Information Integration of CPFR in Automobile Parts Inbound Logistics Based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohui Liu

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available With the improvement of supply chain management and development of information technology, the nature of business processes has changed from intra-enterprise to cross-enterprise. Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment (CPFR come into being in this case. This research aims to looks at the literature of CPFR and the Internet of Things, and then analyzes the information integration of CPFR in automobile parts inbound logistics. The CPFR reference model is designed to fit many scenarios and the paper focuses on the information integration of CPFR model in the scenario of automobile parts inbound logistics based on the environment of Internet of Things.

  5. The Internet as a Source of Information for Patients Prior to Rhinoplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zieliński, Tomasz; Rykała, Jan; Kruk-Jeromin, Julia

    2011-01-01

    Objectives To determine the prevalence of Internet use by patients considering rhinoplasty and to identify the impact of such information on their decisions. Methods Prospective analysis of the impact of information received via the Internet by patients considering rhinoplasty on their decision-making prior to surgery. Eighty six patients, scheduled for post-traumatic or aesthetic rhinoplasty, received a questionnaire, consisting of 19 questions, which sought to evaluate their perception of the importance of the Internet information to them and also collected relevant demographic and sociological data. Results Respondents searched online for descriptions of medical procedures, information about how to contact other patients, pre- and post-operative pictures and making contact with a doctor. Patients considering aesthetic rhinoplasty received medical information from a third party or via the Internet. Individuals requiring post-traumatic surgical treatment were usually referred by family doctor. Conclusion Patients planning nasal aesthetic surgery form their opinions after consulting friends and searching the Internet, which can act as an important medical assistance. PMID:21949579

  6. Information searching habits of Internet users: A case study on the Medical Sciences University of Isfahan, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Asefeh Asemi

    2005-01-01

    This article reports a survey on the search habits of Internet users at the Medical University of Isfahan (MUI), a governmental university in Isfahan city, Iran. Efforts are on to find the search requirements related to the use of the Internet information. Data were collected by using a questionnaire and follow-up interviews with Internet users from five faculties. Results show that all the respondents are using the Internet frequently because all faculties have provided connection to the Int...

  7. Internet Use Habits of Students of the Department of Information Management, Hacettepe University, Ankara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ucak, Nazan Ozenc

    2007-01-01

    The frequency and other characteristics of Internet use of students studying at the Department of Information Management at Hacettep University in Ankara, Turkey, are examined. According to the findings, students prefer electronic media to printed media, they find the easy accessibility of the information more important than the other qualities,…

  8. Internet Information-Seeking and Its Relation to Support for Access to Government Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuillier, David; Piotrowski, Suzanne J.

    2009-01-01

    Public access to government records is essential for democratic self-governance, and attitudes toward that right can facilitate or hinder public policy regarding transparency. As more people use the internet for gathering information about their governments and communities, it is unknown whether such online information-seeking is related to…

  9. General practice and the Internet revolution. Use of an Internet social network to communicate information on prevention in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veuillotte, Isabelle; Morel, Gilles; Pitois, Stephane; Haler, Renaud; Mercier, Patricia; Aubry, Catherine; Cannet, Didier

    2015-03-01

    The popularity of social networks and the huge number of exchanges have made them immensely important for the communication of information. This French study explored prevention in hereditary breast cancer using a social Internet network to communicate information. The principal objective was to inform French women aged from 20 to 50 years, using the social network Facebook, about the warning signs of breast cancer in cases of a predisposition to the disease due to a genetic mutation. The secondary objectives were to inform people about screening. An information page entitled "hereditary breast cancer: and if I was concerned?" was distributed in 3 different ways: from friend to friend, via groups of persons, and by targeted advertising. Four articles and 11 messages were distributed over 27 days. The total number of visits for this period amounted to 1019. A total of 81 percent of the Internauts were women and 55 percent of the visitors were aged between 25 and 44 years. Other information campaigns concerning public health issues could be conducted using this tool. A legal framework is necessary to preserve the quality of the medical information provided. This new means of communication, used for prevention purposes, will add to other frequently used methods of communication. PMID:25784641

  10. Using the internet to understand angler behavior in the information age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Dustin R.; Pracheil, Brenda M.; DeBoer, Jason A.; Wilde, Gene R.; Pope, Kevin L.

    2012-01-01

    Declining participation in recreational angling is of great concern to fishery managers because fishing license sales are an important revenue source for protection of aquatic resources. This decline is frequently attributed, in part, to increased societal reliance on electronics. Internet use by anglers is increasing and fishery managers may use the Internet as a unique means to increase angler participation. We examined Internet search behavior using Google Insights for Search, a free online tool that summarizes Google searches from 2004 to 2011 to determine (1) trends in Internet search volume for general fishing related terms and (2) the relative usefulness of terms related to angler recruitment programs across the United States. Though search volume declined for general fishing terms (e.g., fishing, fishing guide), search volume increased for social media and recruitment terms (e.g., fishing forum, family fishing) over the 7-year period. We encourage coordinators of recruitment programs to capitalize on anglers’ Internet usage by considering Internet search patterns when creating web-based information. Careful selection of terms used in web-based information to match those currently searched by potential anglers may help to direct traffic to state agency websites that support recruitment efforts.

  11. Surfing the internet for health information: an italian survey on use and population choices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manzoli Lamberto

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent international sources have described how the rapid expansion of the Internet has precipitated an increase in its use by the general population to search for medical information. Most studies on e-health use investigated either through the prevalence of such use and the social and income patterns of users in selected populations, or the psychological consequences and satisfaction experienced by patients with particular diseases. Few studies have been carried out in Europe that have tried to identify the behavioral consequences of Internet use for health-related purposes in the general population. The aims of this study are to provide information about the prevalence of Internet use for health-related purposes in Italy according to demographic and socio-cultural features, to investigate the impact of the information found on health-related behaviors and choices and to analyze any differences based on health condition, self-rated health and relationships with health professionals and facilities. Methods A multicenter survey was designed within six representative Italian cities. Data were collected through a validated questionnaire administered in hospital laboratories by physicians. Respondents were questioned about their generic condition, their use of the Internet and their health behaviors and choices related to Internet use. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression to assess any differences by socio-demographic and health-related variables. Results The sample included 3018 individuals between the ages of 18 and 65 years. Approximately 65% of respondents reported using the Internet, and 57% of them reported using it to search for health-related information. The main reasons for search on the Internet were faster access and a greater amount of information. People using the Internet more for health-related purposes were younger, female and affected by chronic diseases. Conclusions A large

  12. Research on the application of the internet of things in reverse logistics information management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuexia Gu

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Combined the current situation with the development trend of reverse logistics, the article focus on the research of Internet of Things application in the reverse logistics information management, starts with the study of reverse logistics information system, and describes the system structure and system process in applying Internet of Things in reverse logistics information management, finally brings forward the constraints like management and economic ones in applying the technology to the system. Research methods: By analyzing the current situation of reverse logistics information system, utilizing literature research methods to put forward characters of reverse logistics information system, and expanding the previous studies on Internet information transmission, we gradually establish the reverse logistics management information system on the basis of the application of Internet of Things. Research Results: Through applying the Internet of Things in the reverse logistics system, we can build a complete close-loop logistics system by linking both extreme ends of positive and negative logistics. Besides, the system will be engaged in data mining in backflow prediction data and re-processing data at regular and irregular intervals. Moreover, advice will be provided to design, purchase, manufacturing and customer service departments for their reference so as to promote respective business. Research Application and Limits: This paper focuses on how the enterprise should apply the Internet of Things technology in reverse logistics, and how to build this system in detail and what the flow planning is made. This thesis is only limited to the analysis of constraints impeding the development of the reverse logistics MIS, including management constraints, economic constraints, hardware technology, data security and rights management constraints. Detailed solutions to address these problems will be put forward in the further research.

  13. EXPLORING MALAYSIAN TRAINEE TEACHERS’ ADOPTION OF THE INTERNET AS INFORMATION TOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lau Teck-Chai

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This study reports the usage of three commercial Internet search engines in information seeking among trainee teachers at a teacher training institute in Malaysia. It attempts to investigate the information seeking behavior of the trainees via three Internet search engines (Google, Yahoo and MSN as gateways to information for research in academic learning using two cohorts of trainee teachers. The study surveyed 166 trainee teachers undergoing a 5-year Bachelor’s Degree program and compares the statistical differences on gender, programs and years of computer technology experiences. The results revealed that there were significant differences between gender for all the three search engines. Furthermore it also indicated that there was a significant difference between TESL and PISMP group for Yahoo and MSN but not for Google. A significant difference was also observed between years of computer technology experiences and the frequency of usage in the case of MSN. Post hoc test revealed a significant difference in the Internet search between those with more than 7 years of experience with those with less than 2 years experience and those between 2-4 years computing experience. The results provide insight into TESL and PPISMP trainee teachers’ use of the Internet search engines as a tool in information seeking when approaching research for their academic learning activities. Implications on the impact of the Internet to the trainee teachers’ academic learning in approaching research needs were discussed.

  14. The bioethics discussion forum--an implementation of an Internet-based bioethics information analysis resource.

    OpenAIRE

    Derse, A. R.; Krogull, S. R.

    1995-01-01

    Ethical analysis is crucial to decision making in biomedicine and health care, necessitating both rapid access to diffusely disseminated sources of information pertinent to bioethics and promotion of analysis in the field of bioethics through a resource for information analysis. We developed the Bioethics Discussion Forum, an Internet-based information analysis resource, in order to supplement the Bioethics Online Service with an interactive information medium to meet the demand for such an i...

  15. Systematic Review of Quality of Patient Information on Liposuction in the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuk, Grzegorz; Eylert, Gertraud; Raptis, Dimitri Aristotle; Guggenheim, Merlin; Shafighi, Maziar

    2016-01-01

    Background: A large number of patients who are interested in esthetic surgery actively search the Internet, which represents nowadays the first source of information. However, the quality of information available in the Internet on liposuction is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of patient information on liposuction available in the Internet. Methods: The quantitative and qualitative assessment of Web sites was based on a modified Ensuring Quality Information for Patients tool (36 items). Five hundred Web sites were identified by the most popular web search engines. Results: Two hundred forty-five Web sites were assessed after duplicates and irrelevant sources were excluded. Only 72 (29%) Web sites addressed >16 items, and scores tended to be higher for professional societies, portals, patient groups, health departments, and academic centers than for Web sites developed by physicians, respectively. The Ensuring Quality Information for Patients score achieved by Web sites ranged between 8 and 29 of total 36 points, with a median value of 16 points (interquartile range, 14–18). The top 10 Web sites with the highest scores were identified. Conclusions: The quality of patient information on liposuction available in the Internet is poor, and existing Web sites show substantial shortcomings. There is an urgent need for improvement in offering superior quality information on liposuction for patients intending to undergo this procedure.

  16. Development of Field Information Monitoring System Based on the Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Ken; Liang, Xiaoying; Wang, Keqiang

    With the rapid development and wide application of electronics, communication and embedded system technologies, the global agriculture is changing from traditional agriculture that is to improve the production relying on the increase of labor, agricultural inputs to the new stage of modern agriculture with low yields, high efficiency, real-time and accuracy. On the other hand the research and development of the Internet of Things, which is an information network to connect objects, with the full capacity to perceive objects, and having the capabilities of reliable transmission and intelligence processing for information, allows us to obtain real-time information of anything. The application of the Internet of Things in field information online monitoring is an effective solution for present wired sensor monitoring system, which has much more disadvantages, such as high cost, the problems of laying lines and so on. In this paper, a novel field information monitoring system based on the Internet of Things is proposed. It can satisfy the requirements of multi-point measurement, mobility, convenience in the field information monitoring process. The whole structure of system is given and the key designs of system design are described in the hardware and software aspect. The studies have expanded current field information measurement methods and strengthen the application of the Internet of Things.

  17. ISEE - Information system for renewables on the Internet; ISEE - Informationssystem fuer Erneuerbare Energien im Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohrig, K. [ISET - Institut fuer Solare Energieversorgungstechnik e.V., Kassel (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    Since 1988 ISET has been operating a central information system for components of solar energy plants called ISEE. At present this online data base offers technical data, cost data, and manufacturers` information on photovoltaic modules, solar collectors, aerogenerators, inverters, DC chopper converters, batteries, solar charge control devices, solar irradiance measuring devices, and anemometers. (HW) [Deutsch] Seit 1988 betreibt das ISET ein zentrales Informationssystem fuer Komponenten solarer Energieversorgungsanlagen ISEE. Aktuell stehen in dieser Online-Datenbank technische Daten, Kostendaten sowie Herstellerinformationen zu Photovoltaikmodulen, Sonnenkollektoren, Windenergieanlagen, Stromrichtern, Gleichstromstellern, Batterien, Solarladereglern, Solarstrahlungsmessgeraeten und Windmessgeraeten zur Verfuegung. (HW)

  18. Relationship of Internet health information use with patient behavior and self-efficacy: experiences of newly diagnosed cancer patients who contact the National Cancer Institute's Cancer Information Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bass, Sarah Bauerle; Ruzek, Sheryl Burt; Gordon, Thomas F; Fleisher, Linda; McKeown-Conn, Nancy; Moore, Dirk

    2006-03-01

    This study examines the relationship of Internet health information use with patient behavior and self-efficacy among 498 newly diagnosed cancer patients. Subjects were classified by types of Internet use: direct use (used Internet health information themselves), indirect use (used information accessed by friends or family), and non-use (never accessing Internet information). Subjects were recruited from callers of the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Cancer Information Service, Atlantic Region. They were classified by type of Internet use at enrollment and interviewed by telephone after 8 weeks. There were significant relationships among Internet use and key study variables: subject characteristics, patient task behavior, and self-efficacy. Subjects' Internet use changed significantly from enrollment to 8 week follow-up; 19% of nonusers and indirect users moved to a higher level of Internet use. Significant relationships also were found among Internet use and perceived patient-provider relationship, question asking, and treatment compliance. Finally, Internet use was also significantly associated with self-efficacy variables (confidence in actively participating in treatment decisions, asking physicians questions, and sharing feelings of concern). The results of this study show that patients who are newly diagnosed with cancer perceive the Internet as a powerful tool, both for acquiring information and for enhancing confidence to make informed decisions. PMID:16537289

  19. LEARNIG TO BE INFORMED ON THE INTERNET: ¿ARE STUDENTS EFFECTIVE IN SEEKING AND SELECTING ONLINE INFORMATION?

    OpenAIRE

    María José Hernández Serrano; Marta Fuentes Agustí

    2011-01-01

    From an educational perspective, taking the Internet as an informational resource for education, the article analyzes the scope of the new information skills in regard to the concepts of literacy and information competence. This brief description of skills leads to the question of how students perform in their searching and selecting practices with online information. The main conclusions abstracted from the recent author’s research are brought to debate in order to respond questions raised a...

  20. Chinese Internet Searches Provide Inaccurate and Misleading Information to Epilepsy Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Ming Liu; Ru-Xiang Xu; Yong-Sheng Hu; Lian-Kun Ren; Hui Qiao; Hu Ding; Zhi-Liang Liu

    2015-01-01

    Background: Most patients with epilepsy want to learn as much as possible about the disease, and many have turned to the internet for information.Patients are likely to use information obtained from the internet to control their epilepsy, but little is known about the accuracy of this information.In this survey, we have assessed the feasibility and usability ofinternet-based interventions for the treatment of epilepsy.Methods: Data were collected from an internet search.Different search terms were used to obtain general information on epilepsy together with information about medication, types of epilepsy, treatment, women's health, and other information.The accuracy of the information was evaluated by a group of experts.Results: A total of 1320 web pages were assessed.The majority were websites related to health.A large number (80.2%) of web pages contained content related to the search term.A significant number of web pages 450/1058 (42.5%) claimed to provide information from a credible source;however, only 206/1058 (19.5%) of the information was accurate and complete;326/1058 (30.8%) was accurate but incomplete;328/1058 (31.0%) was correct but nonstandard, and 198/1058 (18.8%) was inaccurate.The authenticity of the information was not significantly different between the two search engines (x2 =0.009, P =0.924).No significant difference was observed in the information obtained from a specialist or nonspecialist source (x2 =7.538, P =0.057).There was also no correlation between the quality of the information and the priority (x2 =6.880, P =0.076).Conclusions: Searching for information about epilepsy on the internet is convenient, but the information provided is not reliable.Too much information is inaccurate or for advertisement purposes, and it is difficult for patients to find the useful information.Turning to the internet for medical knowledge may be harmful.Physicians should be aware that their patients may search for information on the internet and

  1. Effect of Internet Use on Development of Information Literacy: A Panel Study with Japanese Elementary School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahira, Mieko; Ando, Reiko; Sakamoto, Akira

    2008-01-01

    This study focused on whether Internet use improves skills for practical use of information, which is termed information literacy in Japan. Data from Japanese elementary school children (n = 702) were analyzed in a two-wave panel study in order to estimate the causal relationship between Internet use and information literacy. Structural equation…

  2. Research on Lightweight Information Security System of the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Li

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to improve the security of information transmitted in the internet of things, this study designs an information security system architecture of internet of things based on a lightweight cryptography. In this security system, an authentication protocol, encryption/decryption protocol and signature verification protocol are proposed and implemented. All these security protocol are used to verify the legality of access device and to protect the confidentiality and integrity of transformation data. This study analyzes the security and performance of the system.

  3. Evolution in reference and information services the impact of the Internet

    CERN Document Server

    Katz, Linda S

    2013-01-01

    Explore ways to bring and keep your library's electronic services up to date!From editor Di Su: "Some years ago, if you were told that a library's catalog would be available on a 24/7/365 basis, you'd think it was just another fiction. Perhaps as influential as Johannes Gutenberg's invention of movable type printing, the Internet is one of the most significant happenings in the information world in modern times."In addition to showing you how library services have been influenced and enhanced by the advent of the Internet, Evolution in Reference and Information Services: Th

  4. Information and Emotion in Advertising: A Content Analysis on the Internet in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melby Karina Zuniga Huertas

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The significant increase in the number of users and transactions over the Internet has highlighted the importance of this channel, bringing new opportunities and challenges for advertising. However, the way advertisers use information and emotional appeals in their messages is still a subject little studied. Hence, the objectives of this paper are to: a analyze some general features of Internet advertising; and b explore the information content and emotional appeal of Internet advertising. We conducted an exploratory search through content analysis of a sample of 156 ads on sites using a convenience sample of Brazilian Internet users. The results showed that the advertising on the analyzed sites was for an assortment of products but the products were concentrated in a few categories. The types of informational content most commonly used are "availability" and "components or content" of products. Also the advertisements use only positive emotional appeals, which bring opportunities to create campaigns. This study contributes knowledge about the use of internet in marketing communications and suggests the direction of future research.

  5. Social Support Quality in Internet Based Information and Communication: From "Digital Divide" to "Voice Divide"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available National and international studies demonstrate that the number of teenagers using the inter-net increases. But even though they actually do have access from different places to the in-formation and communication pool of the internet, there is evidence that the ways in which teenagers use the net - regarding the scope and frequency in which services are used as well as the preferences for different contents of these services - differ significantly in relation to socio-economic status, education, and gender. The results of the regarding empirical studies may be summarised as such: teenager with low (formal education especially use internet services embracing 'entertainment, play and fun' while higher educated teenagers (also prefer intellectually more demanding and particularly services supplying a greater variety of communicative and informative activities. More generally, pedagogical and sociological studies investigating "digital divide" in a dif-ferentiated and sophisticated way - i.e. not only in terms of differences between those who do have access to the Internet and those who do not - suggest that the internet is no space beyond 'social reality' (e.g. DiMaggio & Hargittai 2001, 2003; Vogelgesang, 2002; Welling, 2003. Different modes of utilisation, that structure the internet as a social space are primarily a specific contextualisation of the latter - and thus, the opportunities and constraints in virtual world of the internet are not less than those in the 'real world' related to unequal distribu-tions of material, social and cultural resources as well as social embeddings of the actors involved. This fact of inequality is also true regarding the outcomes of using the internet. Empirical and theoretical results concerning forms and processes of networking and commu-nity building - i.e. sociability in the internet, as well as the social embeddings of the users which are mediated through the internet - suggest that net based communication

  6. The Prevalence of Internet and Social Media Based Medication Information Seeking Behavior in Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahkali, Salwa; Alfurih, Suha; Aldremly, Maha; Alzayyat, Ma'an; Alsurimi, Khaled; Househ, Mowafa

    2016-01-01

    The internet has become an important resource to help people search for online medication information. This study aims to report the prevalence and profile of Saudi online medication seeking behavior. Conducted via a web-based survey with Twitter participants between January-February, 2015, the primary outcome measures were the self-reported rates of using the internet to search for medication related information. A valid sample of 4847 participants was collected over the period of the study. Out of the total participants, 68.3% (n=3311) were found to seek online medication related information frequently. Most of the social media users were female 83.5% (n=2766). The majority of respondents 63.6% (n= 3081) used Google, followed by Twitter 28.7% (n= 1392), Snapchat 21%, (n=1019), WhatsApp 13.8% (n= 670), Instagram 11.4%, (n= 553), and Facebook 5.5 % (n= 267), with few searching YouTube 1.3% (n=65) to access online medication information. Findings indicate that the Saudi population actively uses the internet and social media to obtain medication information. Further studies are needed to explore the influence of the internet and social media on user perception, attitude, and behavior with the use of online medication information. PMID:27350524

  7. Privacy Information Security Classification for Internet of Things Based on Internet Data

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaofeng Lu; Zhaowei Qu; Qi Li; Pan Hui

    2015-01-01

    A lot of privacy protection technologies have been proposed, but most of them are independent and aim at protecting some specific privacy. There is hardly enough deep study into the attributes of privacy. To minimize the damage and influence of the privacy disclosure, the important and sensitive privacy should be a priori preserved if all privacy pieces cannot be preserved. This paper focuses on studying the attributes of the privacy and proposes privacy information security classification (P...

  8. Experience with an Internet information system about radiotherapy; Experiencia com um sistema de informacoes via Internet sobre radioterapia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cecilio, Paulo J.; Carvalho, Heloisa A.; Sartoris, Carla E.; Fonseca, Ismael B.; Neviani, Cristiano B

    2001-12-01

    An independent web site with information about cancer treatment with radiation was created: 'www.iradioterapia.com'. Information is based on scientific data and different treatment guidelines. Always in an ethical way, health professionals, students, patients and their relatives, and others, can obtain theoretical information about therapeutic options, management of the disease, up-to-date on treatments worldwide, and on-line responses to several questions. They can also participate in group discussion among themselves. On the web since August 2000, 4000 accesses had already been registered, with many questions answered for patients and group discussions. The main questions are about medical treatment policies, patient care, and prognosis of the disease. There are very few information available for patients and relatives about radiotherapy. Free access to this kind of information allows improvement of treatment techniques, patient-physician relationship, and confidence of the patient during treatment. Internet access permitted more participation of patients and their relatives in their own treatment, allowing higher comfort and tranquility. Patients collaborate in medical appointments, searching for the best technique and treatment options. (author)

  9. Information dynamics shape the networks of Internet-mediated prostitution

    CERN Document Server

    Rocha, Luis E C; Holme, Petter; 10.1073/pnas.0914080107

    2010-01-01

    Like many other social phenomena, prostitution is increasingly coordinated over the Internet. The online behavior affects the offline activity; the reverse is also true. We investigated the reported sexual contacts between 6,624 anonymous escorts and 10,106 sex-buyers extracted from an online community from its beginning and six years on. These sexual encounters were also graded and categorized (in terms of the type of sexual activities performed) by the buyers. From the temporal, bipartite network of posts, we found a full feedback loop in which high grades on previous posts affect the future commercial success of the sex-worker, and vice versa. We also found a peculiar growth pattern in which the turnover of community members and sex workers causes a sublinear preferential attachment. There is, moreover, a strong geographic influence on network structure-the network is geographically clustered but still close to connected, the contacts consistent with the inverse-square law observed in trading patterns. We ...

  10. Statistical Information Databases on Society and Economicson the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    S. Har; Graf, R.

    1998-01-01

    The National Committee on Information and Computer Communications Infrastructures has selected a research proposal to conduct a sample project to make the databases of the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) available to the public via the information superhighway. The CBS databases contain a great deal of statistical information gathered over decades about the population, migration, tourism, the economy and economic branches, prices, labour and wages, health, and other topics. This project sh...

  11. Impact of Information Technology and Internet in Businesses

    OpenAIRE

    Afërdita Berisha-Shaqiri

    2015-01-01

    In the past few decades there has been a revolution in computing and communications, and all indications are that technological progress and use of information technology will continue. The revolution in information and communication technology has changed not only our lives but also the way how people do business. Using information technology, companies possess the potential to reach more customers, introduce new products and services quickly, and collaborate with suppliers and business part...

  12. Internet Geographic Information Security Supervision Platform Architecture Research

    OpenAIRE

    Wanzhi Chen

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays every link of geographical information from products manufacture, management, and distribution to application would be faced with tremendous security risks, which urgent need to establish a geography information security management and monitoring system with unified and multilevel action manner by the new technology and information measures. This article presents the overall architecture of the platform and typical services node, based on analysis of construction requirements for the...

  13. The Internet and health information: differences in pet owners based on age, gender, and education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kogan, Lori R.; Schoenfeld-Tacher, Regina; Viera, Ann R.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The research assessed the attitudes and behaviors of pet owners pertaining to online search behavior for pet health information. Methods: A survey was conducted with a random sample of pet owners drawn from two US metropolitan areas and surrounding cities. Participating clinics were chosen randomly, and each participating clinic was asked to distribute 100 surveys to their clients until all surveys were disbursed. Results: Although some perceptions and behaviors surrounding the use of the Internet for pet health information differ based on gender, age, or education level of pet owners, there are many aspects in which there are no differences based on these demographics. Conclusions: Results of the study suggest that closer examination of the common perception that gender, age, or education level has an effect on Internet behavior as it relates to veterinary medicine is required. Recommendations are made pertaining to the growing presence of the Internet and its impact on veterinary medicine. PMID:22879809

  14. Information searching and buying on the Internet: travel-related activities?

    OpenAIRE

    Hjorthol, Randi J.

    2009-01-01

    The use of the Internet for information searching and purchasing of goods and services has rapidly increased. The development of e-shopping might have an impact on travel activity, but for the present the results from different studies are still inconclusive. In this paper the interaction between information searching, e-shopping, and travel activity is examined. The analysis is based on answers from 2700 Norwegian respondents. The dataset provides detailed information about the respondents’ ...

  15. Information Search Strategies on the Internet: A Critical Component of New Literacies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurie A. Henry

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available The ability to effectively search and locate information on the Internet is an important skill for education and essential for success in the 21st century. The results from a single search task can produce an overwhelming amount of information. Without the new literacy skills and strategies that the process of searching and locating information on the Internet requires, this can quickly become a daunting task. The purpose of this exploratory study was twofold. First, it set out to identify the specific new literacy skills and strategies that are required to successfully access information on the Internet. The second focus was to determine how the participants learned to search for information on the Internet. This qualitative study was conducted in a rural school setting in the northeast with seven middle school level teachers. Collected data consisted of observational field notes and interviews with the participants. Five main themes emerged from the data analysis: literacy skills, other skills and strategies, learning technology, emotional reactions to technology and issues of digital divide. These findings will be useful in aiding researchers and classroom teachers who seek to more accurately define the new literacies required for success in online environments.

  16. DETERMINING THE NAVIGATIONAL AIDS USE ON THE INTERNET: The Information Technologies Teacher Candidates’ Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah KUZU

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The Internet users who fail to cope with navigation may generally face various problems such as disorientation, distraction, low motivation and abondenment of information retrieval. Therefore, navigational aids are frequently used in today’s Web browsers and Web sites to help users navigate on the Internet. However, it is asserted that navigational aids are still not thoroughly understood and effectively used by Information Technologies Teacher candidates. The purpose of this research is, therefore, to determine the navigational aids use by Information Technologies Candidate Teachers during information retrieval process on the Internet. A three-section survey was developed for this purpose. In this survey research, Information Technologies Teacher Candidates’ use of navigational aids in Web sites and Web browsers, and the reasons for low use of navigational aids were investigated. The findings of the study revealed that the teacher candidates did not use bookmarks, Web maps, RSS and atom feeds sufficiently. Moreover, it was found out that the use of navigational aids by teacher candidates show variations according to the average Internet use.

  17. Sifting Through It All: Characterizing Melanoma Patients' Utilization of the Internet as an Information Source.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Sarah Nicole; Scali, Elena P; Yu, Irene; Gusnowski, Eva; Ingledew, Paris-Ann

    2015-09-01

    This study describes how melanoma patients used the Internet as a melanoma information source and how it impacted their clinical encounter and treatment decision. From 2010 to 2013, melanoma patients were invited to complete a 23-question paper survey with open- and close-ended questions. Thirty-one of the 62 patients approached completed the survey. The majority (90 %) of respondents used the Internet as a melanoma information source. Most (90 %) had used the search engine Google. The most commonly searched topics were melanoma treatment (96 %), screening (64 %), and prevention (64 %). While most respondents (85 %) found the Internet was a useful melanoma information source, over half (54 %) found melanoma websites at least somewhat difficult to understand. Many (78 %) believed it increased their understanding of their diagnosis, 71 % thought it influenced their treatment decision, and 59 % felt it impacted their specialist consultation. This study informs health care professionals that many melanoma patients search the Internet for information regarding their diagnosis and that it may impact their disease understanding and treatment decisions. PMID:25077770

  18. A internet como fonte de informação bibliográfica em química Internet as a source of bibliographic information in chemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson Rouge dos Santos

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The internet is an important tool for obtaining information. It offers vast amounts of information ranging from basic to advanced, from general to specific. Nevertheless, its quality cannot be classified or graded. Furthermore, some technical and/or specific information may not be available for free. This work primarily shows the great utility of the internet for getting suitable information in Chemistry and emphasizes open access and quality sites in Chemistry. It directs the reader towards many useful sites within some branches of Chemistry that provide powerful tools of research and study that may not be obtained easily at a library.

  19. Potentials and Problems of Internet as a Source of Purchasing Information – Experiences and Attitudes of University Students in Croatia

    OpenAIRE

    Blaženka Knežević; Božidar Jaković; Ivan Strugar

    2014-01-01

    Gathering information online prior to offline purchase became the com - mon way of using Internet within student population. On the other hand, there are more and more Internet users and online shoppers at all Central European Countries. In the CEE region companies are searching the way how to approach students as a target group via their web sites. The purpose of this research was to explain (1) how student population in Croatia use Internet as a tool for gathering information on products an...

  20. Internet-accessible real-time weather information system

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Desai, R.G.P.; Joseph, A.; Desa, E.; Mehra, P.; Desa, E.; Gouveia, A.D.

    multiple features such as platform-independence, remote configuration and control of the weather stations, data base queries, graphical displays and multi-media presentation capability. The weather information is presented in user-selectable formats...

  1. Transcript for Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... others The Physicians Academy for Better Health Web site is more likely to be a reliable source of information. Be sure to look for these clues as you search online. Your health could depend on it. We ...

  2. Affective and Cognitive Information Behavior: Interaction Effects in Internet Use

    OpenAIRE

    Nahl, Diane

    2005-01-01

    The presence and influence of affective variables in information behavior was studied. Affective load (AL), a compound variable consisting of uncertainty and technophobia measures, was found to be present in a variety of simple and complex information tasks integrated into upper-division, disciplinary coursework. Affective load was higher in those who reported low values of affective coping skills and who had either high or low cognitive assessment scores. Affective coping skills (ACS) consi...

  3. Management of floristic information on the Internet: the Anthos solution

    OpenAIRE

    Castroviejo, Santiago; Aedo, Carlos; Medina, Leopoldo

    2006-01-01

    Anthos is the name of a database and search system for quality-controlled chorological and taxonomic information on the vascular plants of Spain. It provides a trustworthy solution for the handling of accepted names and their synonyms, based on an analysis of nomenclatural relations. It is based on the MS SQL-Server relational database system. Information can be found on any plant, using its accepted name or synonyms or vernacular names. The geographical search options include lists of all pl...

  4. Internet Use for Searching Information on Medicines and Disease: A Community Pharmacy–Based Survey Among Adult Pharmacy Customers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Background The Internet is increasingly used as a source of health-related information, and a vast majority of Internet users are performing health-related searches in the United States and Europe, with wide differences among countries. Health information searching behavior on the Internet is affected by multiple factors, including demographics, socioeconomic factors, education, employment, attitudes toward the Internet, and health conditions, and their knowledge may help to promote a safer use of the Internet. Limited information however exists so far about Internet use to search for medical information in Italy. Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the use of the Internet for searching for information on medicines and disease in adult subjects in Northern Italy. Methods Survey in randomly selected community pharmacies, using a self-administered questionnaire, with open and multiple choices questions, was conducted. Results A total of 1008 participants were enrolled (59.5% women; median age: 43 years; range: 14-88 years). Previous use of the Internet to search for information about medicines or dietary supplements was reported by 26.0% of respondents, more commonly by women (30.00% vs 20.10% men, PInternet to search for information about disease was reported by 59.1% of respondents, more commonly by women (64.5% vs 51.0% males, PInternet to search for disease and drugs. Conclusions The study provides detailed information on the use of the Internet for searching for information on medicines and disease in the Italian population. Gender, age, social status and level of education, and the previous use of medicines, affect searching behaviors and use patterns. Results can support educational interventions to promote the retrieval of high-quality information by Internet users and health professionals advising patients about appropriate use of Internet for health-related purposes. PMID:27417304

  5. An Examination of Job Skills Posted on Internet Databases: Implications for Information Systems Degree Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xia; Liu, Lai C.; Koong, Kai S.; Lu, June

    2003-01-01

    Analysis of 300 information technology job postings in two Internet databases identified the following skill categories: programming languages (Java, C/C++, and Visual Basic were most frequent); website development (57% sought SQL and HTML skills); databases (nearly 50% required Oracle); networks (only Windows NT or wide-area/local-area networks);…

  6. Use of the internet as a source of health information by Spanish adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bermúdez-Tamayo Clara

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Internet is a fundamental part of the daily life of adolescents, they consider it as a safe and confidential source of information on health matters. The aims is to describe the experience of Spanish adolescents searching for health information on the Internet. Methods A cross-sectional study of 811 school-age adolescents in Granada was carried out. An adapted and piloted questionnaire was used which was controlled by trained personnel. Sociodemographic and health variables were included together with those concerning the conditions governing access to and use of information and communication technologies (ICT. Results 811 adolescents were surveyed (99.38% response rate, mean age was 17 years old. Of these, 88% used the Internet; 57.5% used it on a daily or weekly basis and 38.7% used it occasionally. Nearly half the sample group (55.7% stated that they used the Internet to search for health-related information. The main problems reported in the search for e-health were the ignorance of good web pages (54.8% and the lack of confidence or search skills (23.2%. Conclusions In conclusion, it seems plausible to claim that websites designed and managed by health services should have a predominant position among interventions specifically addressed to young people.

  7. The Internet, Political Communications Research and the Search for a New Information Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, William Franklin

    2013-01-01

    The Internet, as a digital record of human discourse, provides an opportunity to directly analyze political communicative behavior. The rapid emergence of social online networks augurs a transformation in the quality and quantity of information people have to evaluate their political system. Digital formats instantiate new categories of actors and…

  8. Finding Good Health Information on the Internet | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... get health information from magazines, TV, or the Internet. Some is reliable and up to date, some not. How can you tell the good from the bad? If you use the Web, look for an "about us" page. Check to see who runs the site. Focus on quality. Be skeptical. Things that sound too good to be true often ...

  9. Internet-based information resource and discussion platform on GHG reduction strategies in Asia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2000-12-28

    The website (www.ccasia.teri.res.in) provides a consolidated Internet based information source and platform for discussions on climate change issues in Asia. The effort has been successful in reaching the target audience and in stimulating awareness about the crucial debate on GHG (greenhouse gas) reduction strategies in Asia.

  10. BASIC LEGAL APPROACHES TO THE REGULATION OF RESTRICTION ON THE SPREAD OF INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonezhuk Z. N.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the existing legal mechanism of limitation of distribution of information in the Internet and the variants of development of law-making in this sphere. The conclusions made by the author might be used in scientific activity

  11. Cross-Language Information Access to Multilingual Collections on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bian, Guo-Wei; Chen, Hsin-Hsi

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of language barriers when using multilingual digital library collections on the Internet focuses on query translation and document translation in a Chinese-English information retrieval system called MTIR. Highlights include a bilingual dictionary; machine transliteration algorithm; design issues for document translation; HTML tags; and…

  12. Evaluation of information while searching on the Internet: Differences between experts and novices

    OpenAIRE

    Brand-Gruwel, Saskia; Meeuwen van, Ludo; van Gog, Tamara

    2011-01-01

    Brand-Gruwel, S., Van Meeuwen, L., & Van Gog, T. (2011, August). Evaluation of information while searching on the Internet: Differences between experts and novices. Paper presented at 14th Biennial Conference for Research on Learning and Instruction of EARLI, Exeter, England.

  13. Children searching information on the Internet: Performance on children's interfaces compared to Google

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jochmann-Mannak, Hanna; Huibers, Theo; Lentz, Leo; Sanders, Ted; Serdyukov, Pavel; Hiemstra, Djoerd; Ruthven, Ian

    2010-01-01

    Children frequently make use of the Internet to search for information. However, research shows that children experience many problems with searching and browsing the web. The last decade numerous search environments have been developed, especially for children. Do these search interfaces support ch

  14. Evaluating health information sites on the Internet in Korea: a cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aeree, S; Mee-Kyung, S

    2001-01-01

    Through the internet the public in South Korea has access to a growing supply of information on health and disease. In South Korea an estimated 13.93 million people used the internet in 2000. The number has increased rapidly compared to 1.63 million in 1997. Health information is often said to be one of the most retrieved types of information on the internet. However, a concern has emerged for the quality of health information documents contained on the World Wide Web. Lack of evaluation and oversight, and ease of publication, have led to inaccurate and misleading health-related publications on the Internet. For those seeking easy ways to identify high-quality and reliable information, rating systems to evaluate the quality of health information on the internet should be provided and developed. Given this background, the purpose of this research was to evaluate health information web sites on the internet. In this study we aimed to survey websites providing health information. 440 websites were selected using four search engines, YahooKorea (http://www.yahoo.co.kr), LycosKorea (http://www.lycos.co.kr), Empas (http://www.empas.co.kr), and Naver (http://www.naver.com), to conduct searches in December 2000. General quality criteria were used for the evaluation. These included ownership, currency, authorship, source, feedback mechanism, links, and functionality. More than 50% of web sites did not provide the date of publication or update of information, author and author credentials, references to source, etc. Websites of universities and universities' hospitals were more likely to provide name and type of provider (p < .01), author's name (p < .001), and references to source (p < .01) than other service providers. There is a need for better evidence-based health information as well as a need to develop simple criteria that ordinary people can understand and use. In addition, gateway services that operate a selective process and provide links to other organizations

  15. Social internet sites as a source of public health information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vance, Karl; Howe, William; Dellavalle, Robert P

    2009-04-01

    Social media websites, such as YouTube, Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, and Second Life are rapidly emerging as popular sources of health information especially for teens and young adults. Social media marketing carries the advantages of low cost, rapid transmission through a wide community, and user interaction. Disadvantages include blind authorship, lack of source citation, and presentation of opinion as fact. Dermatologists and other health care providers should recognize the importance of social media websites and their potential usefulness for disseminating health information. PMID:19254656

  16. The Role of the Adult Educator in Helping Learners Access and Select Quality Health Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Melissa; Grabowsky, Adelia

    2011-01-01

    In 2002, 45 percent of American adults had used the Internet to search for health information. However, according to a 2009 report, the number had increased to 71 percent of adults ages thirty to forty-nine and 46 percent of those 50 and older who had sought health information online. While the number of adults using the Internet to search for…

  17. Learning by Doing Approach in the Internet Environment to Improve the Teaching Efficiency of Information Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, X.-S.; Xie, Hua

    This paper presents a learning-by-doing method in the Internet environment to enhance the results of information technology education by experimental work in the classroom of colleges. In this research, an practical approach to apply the "learning by doing" paradigm in Internet-based learning, both for higher educational environments and life-long training systems, taking into account available computer and network resources, such as blogging, podcasting, social networks, wiki etc. We first introduce the different phases in the learning process, which aimed at showing to the readers that the importance of the learning by doing paradigm, which is not implemented in many Internet-based educational environments. Secondly, we give the concept of learning by doing in the different perfective. Then, we identify the most important trends in this field, and give a real practical case for the application of this approach. The results show that the attempt methods are much better than traditional teaching methods.

  18. Intelligent Traffic Information System Based on Integration of Internet of Things and Agent Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Omar Al-Sakran

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In recent years popularity of private cars is getting urban traffic more and more crowded. As result traffic is becoming one of important problems in big cities in all over the world. Some of the traffic concerns are congestions and accidents which have caused a huge waste of time, property damage and environmental pollution. This research paper presents a novel intelligent traffic administration system, based on Internet of Things, which is featured by low cost, high scalability, high compatibility, easy to upgrade, to replace traditional traffic management system and the proposed system can improve road traffic tremendously. The Internet of Things is based on the Internet, network wireless sensing and detection technologies to realize the intelligent recognition on the tagged traffic object, tracking, monitoring, managing and processed automatically. The paper proposes an architecture that integrates internet of things with agent technology into a single platform where the agent technology handles effective communication and interfaces among a large number of heterogeneous highly distributed, and decentralized devices within the IoT. The architecture introduces the use of an active radio-frequency identification (RFID, wireless sensor technologies, object ad-hoc networking, and Internet-based information systems in which tagged traffic objects can be automatically represented, tracked, and queried over a network. This research presents an overview of a framework distributed traffic simulation model within NetLogo, an agent-based environment, for IoT traffic monitoring system using mobile agent technology.

  19. Accessing suicide-related information on the internet: a retrospective observational study of search behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, Paul Wai-Ching; Fu, King-wa; Yau, Rickey Sai-Pong; Ma, Helen Hei-Man; Law, Yik-Wa; Chang, Shu-Sen; Yip, Paul Siu-Fai

    2013-01-01

    Background The Internet’s potential impact on suicide is of major public health interest as easy online access to pro-suicide information or specific suicide methods may increase suicide risk among vulnerable Internet users. Little is known, however, about users’ actual searching and browsing behaviors of online suicide-related information. Objective To investigate what webpages people actually clicked on after searching with suicide-related queries on a search engine and to examine what quer...

  20. An Evolving User-oriented Model of Internet Health Information Seeking

    OpenAIRE

    Gaie, Martha J.

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents an evolving user-oriented model of Internet health information seeking (IS) based on qualitative data collected from 22 lung cancer (LC) patients and caregivers. This evolving model represents information search behavior as more highly individualized, complex, and dynamic than previous models, including pre-search psychological activity, use of multiple heuristics throughout the process, and cost-benefit evaluation of search results.

  1. Investigation of the Impact of Extracting and Exchanging Health Information by Using Internet and Social Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pistolis, John; Zimeras, Stelios; Chardalias, Kostas; Roupa, Zoe; Fildisis, George; Diomidous, Marianna

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Social networks (1) have been embedded in our daily life for a long time. They constitute a powerful tool used nowadays for both searching and exchanging information on different issues by using Internet searching engines (Google, Bing, etc.) and Social Networks (Facebook, Twitter etc.). In this paper, are presented the results of a research based on the frequency and the type of the usage of the Internet and the Social Networks by the general public and the health professionals. Objectives: The objectives of the research were focused on the investigation of the frequency of seeking and meticulously searching for health information in the social media by both individuals and health practitioners. The exchanging of information is a procedure that involves the issues of reliability and quality of information. Methods: In this research, by using advanced statistical techniques an effort is made to investigate the participant’s profile in using social networks for searching and exchanging information on health issues. Results: Based on the answers 93 % of the people, use the Internet to find information on health-subjects. Considering principal component analysis, the most important health subjects were nutrition (0.719 %), respiratory issues (0.79 %), cardiological issues (0.777%), psychological issues (0.667%) and total (73.8%). Conclusions: The research results, based on different statistical techniques revealed that the 61.2% of the males and 56.4% of the females intended to use the social networks for searching medical information. Based on the principal components analysis, the most important sources that the participants mentioned, were the use of the Internet and social networks for exchanging information on health issues. These sources proved to be of paramount importance to the participants of the study. The same holds for nursing, medical and administrative staff in hospitals. PMID:27482135

  2. Method of Information Security Risk Assessment Based on Cloud Neural Network for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaoli Dong

    2015-01-01

    Aiming at the randomness and fuzziness of information security risk assessment factors of Internet of Things, cloud neural network information security risk assessment model was proposed, based on combination of cloud model and neural network and dynamic fusion of heterogeneous security factors. Focus on the research of normal cloud neural network evaluation method and judgment of global and multivalued dependencies characteristics between safety evaluation indicators and risk levels...

  3. How Parents Search, Interpret, and Evaluate Genetic Information Obtained from the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Roche, Myra I.; Skinner, Debra

    2008-01-01

    This study describes how parents of a child referred for genetic services searched the Internet for information, summarizes how they interpreted and evaluated the information they obtained, and identifies barriers that they encountered. Audio-taped interviews were conducted with 100 ethnically diverse families referred to a pediatric genetics clinic. After transcription, coded text was entered into a software program (QSR N6) for searching and data retrieval. Matrices were created to systemat...

  4. Influences, usage, and outcomes of Internet health information searching: Multivariate results from the Pew surveys

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald E. Rice

    2006-01-01

    This paper provides results from seven major nationally representative datasets (two in detail) from the Pew Internet and American Life Project to answer two primary questions: (1) what influences people to seek online health information and (2) what influences their perceived outcomes from having access to this information? Cross-tabulations, logistic regressions, and multidimensional scaling are applied to these survey datasets. The strongest and most consistent influences on ever, or more ...

  5. Information is in the eye of the beholder: Seeking information on the MMR vaccine through an Internet search engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yom-Tov, Elad; Fernandez-Luque, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Vaccination campaigns are one of the most important and successful public health programs ever undertaken. People who want to learn about vaccines in order to make an informed decision on whether to vaccinate are faced with a wealth of information on the Internet, both for and against vaccinations. In this paper we develop an automated way to score Internet search queries and web pages as to the likelihood that a person making these queries or reading those pages would decide to vaccinate. We apply this method to data from a major Internet search engine, while people seek information about the Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccine. We show that our method is accurate, and use it to learn about the information acquisition process of people. Our results show that people who are pro-vaccination as well as people who are anti-vaccination seek similar information, but browsing this information has differing effect on their future browsing. These findings demonstrate the need for health authorities to tailor their information according to the current stance of users. PMID:25954435

  6. Information is in the eye of the beholder: Seeking information on the MMR vaccine through an Internet search engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yom-Tov, Elad; Fernandez-Luque, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Vaccination campaigns are one of the most important and successful public health programs ever undertaken. People who want to learn about vaccines in order to make an informed decision on whether to vaccinate are faced with a wealth of information on the Internet, both for and against vaccinations. In this paper we develop an automated way to score Internet search queries and web pages as to the likelihood that a person making these queries or reading those pages would decide to vaccinate. We apply this method to data from a major Internet search engine, while people seek information about the Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccine. We show that our method is accurate, and use it to learn about the information acquisition process of people. Our results show that people who are pro-vaccination as well as people who are anti-vaccination seek similar information, but browsing this information has differing effect on their future browsing. These findings demonstrate the need for health authorities to tailor their information according to the current stance of users. PMID:25954435

  7. PV-WEB: internet-based PV information tool

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cowley, P.

    2003-07-01

    This report gives details of a project to create a web-based information system on photovoltaic (PV) systems for the British PV Association (PV-UK) for use by decision makers in government, the utilities, and the housing and construction sectors. The project, which aims to provide an easily accessible tool for UK companies, promote PV technology, increase competitiveness, and identify market opportunities, is described. The design of the web site and its implementation and the evolution are discussed, along with the maintenance of the site by PV-UK and the opportunities offered to PV-UK Members.

  8. PV-WEB: internet-based PV information tool

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report gives details of a project to create a web-based information system on photovoltaic (PV) systems for the British PV Association (PV-UK) for use by decision makers in government, the utilities, and the housing and construction sectors. The project, which aims to provide an easily accessible tool for UK companies, promote PV technology, increase competitiveness, and identify market opportunities, is described. The design of the web site and its implementation and the evolution are discussed, along with the maintenance of the site by PV-UK and the opportunities offered to PV-UK Members

  9. Mapping Publication Trends and Identifying Hot Spots of Research on Internet Health Information Seeking Behavior: A Quantitative and Co-Word Biclustering Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Fan; Min LI; Guan, Peng; Ma, Shuang; Cui, Lei

    2015-01-01

    Background The Internet has become an established source of health information for people seeking health information. In recent years, research on the health information seeking behavior of Internet users has become an increasingly important scholarly focus. However, there have been no long-term bibliometric studies to date on Internet health information seeking behavior. Objective The purpose of this study was to map publication trends and explore research hot spots of Internet health inform...

  10. Internet Use Frequency and Patient-Centered Care: Measuring Patient Preferences for Participation Using the Health Information Wants Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Mo; Feldman, Robert; Zhou, Le

    2013-01-01

    Background The Internet is bringing fundamental changes to medical practice through improved access to health information and participation in decision making. However, patient preferences for participation in health care vary greatly. Promoting patient-centered health care requires an understanding of the relationship between Internet use and a broader range of preferences for participation than previously measured. Objective To explore (1) whether there is a significant relationship between Internet use frequency and patients’ overall preferences for obtaining health information and decision-making autonomy, and (2) whether the relationships between Internet use frequency and information and decision-making preferences differ with respect to different aspects of health conditions. Methods The Health Information Wants Questionnaire (HIWQ) was administered to gather data about patients’ preferences for the (1) amount of information desired about different aspects of a health condition, and (2) level of decision-making autonomy desired across those same aspects. Results The study sample included 438 individuals: 226 undergraduates (mean age 20; SD 2.15) and 212 community-dwelling older adults (mean age 72; SD 9.00). A significant difference was found between the younger and older age groups’ Internet use frequencies, with the younger age group having significantly more frequent Internet use than the older age group (younger age group mean 5.98, SD 0.33; older age group mean 3.50, SD 2.00; t 436=17.42, P<.01). Internet use frequency was positively related to the overall preference rating (γ=.15, P<.05), suggesting that frequent Internet users preferred significantly more information and decision making than infrequent Internet users. The relationships between Internet use frequency and different types of preferences varied: compared with infrequent Internet users, frequent Internet users preferred more information but less decision making for diagnosis (γ=.57

  11. Abstract Information Extraction From Consumer's Comments On Internet Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadriye Ergün

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a system developed to summarize by automatically evaluating comments about product with using text mining techniques will be described. The data has been primarily went through morphological analysis process, because they are texts written in natural language. Words and adjectives meaning positive or negative are determined. They show product features in texts. The tree structure is established according to Turkish grammar rules as subordinate and modified words are designated. The software which uses the depth-first search algorithm on the tree structure is developed. Data from result of software is stored in the SQL database. When any inquiry is made from these data depending on any property of product, numerical information which indicates the degree of satisfaction about this property is obtained.

  12. By choice or by chance: How the Internet is used to prepare for, manage, and share information about emergencies

    OpenAIRE

    Putnam, Laurie

    2002-01-01

    Access to reliable information is essential for emergency managers, whether they're facing tornados or terrorist attacks. How well information is managed before, during, and after a disaster can have a direct influence on how well the crisis is managed. Today the Internet plays a recurring role in all phases of emergency information management. As a communication system and an information repository, a strategic tool and a populist medium, the Internet can be a powerful element in crisis ...

  13. Using the Internet to Help With Diet, Weight, and Physical Activity: Results From the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCully, Scout N; Don, Brian P

    2013-01-01

    Background The Internet offers a viable platform for cost-effective and wide-reaching health interventions. However, little is known about use of the Internet to help with diet, weight, and physical activity (DWPA) using a nationally representative sample from the United States. Objective To (1) assess the demographic characteristics of people who use the Internet to help with DWPA, (2) assess whether usage trends changed over time, and (3) investigate the associations between using the Internet for DWPA and health behaviors. Methods Data on Internet users from the 2007 and 2011 iterations of the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS), N=4827 were analyzed using multiple logistic regression to determine the demographic correlates of using the Internet for help with DWPA. Multiple linear regression was used to test the associations between Internet use for DWPA and three health behaviors: fruit intake, vegetable intake, and physical activity. Results A larger percentage of Internet users used the Internet for DWPA in 2011 (42.83%) than in 2007 (40.43%). In general, Internet users who were younger (OR 0.98, P<.001), more educated (OR 1.40, P<.001), married (OR 1.06, P=.03), of a minority race (non-Hispanic blacks: OR 1.14, P=.02; Hispanics: OR 1.42, P=.01), and who had a higher Body Mass Index (BMI) (OR 1.04, P<.001) were more likely to use the Internet for DWPA. Across survey years, gender was not associated with using the Internet for DWPA (OR 1.03, P=.12), but there was a significant interaction between survey year and gender (OR 1.95, P=.002); in 2007, men were more likely to use the Internet for DWPA, but women were more likely to do so in 2011. Using the Internet for DWPA was associated with more vegetable intake (B=.22, P=.002), more fruit intake (B=.19, P=.001), and more moderate exercise (B=.25, P=.001), although the strength of the associations between using the Internet for DWPA and fruit intake and exercise was weaker in 2011 than in 2007

  14. Market interdependence among commodity prices based on information transmission on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Qiang; Guo, Jian-Feng

    2015-05-01

    Human behaviour on the Internet has become a synchro-projection of real society. In this paper, we introduce the public concern derived from query volumes on the Web to empirically analyse the influence of information on commodity markets (e.g., crude oil, heating oil, corn and gold) using multivariate GARCH models based on dynamic conditional correlations. The analysis found that the changes of public concern on the Internet can well depict the changes of market prices, as the former has significant Granger causality effects on market prices. The findings indicate that the information of external shocks to commodity markets could be transmitted quickly, and commodity markets easily absorb the public concern of the information-sensitive traders. Finally, the conditional correlation among commodity prices varies dramatically over time.

  15. Health Information Seeking and Social Media Use on the Internet among People with Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Ryan J; Johnson, Constance M

    2011-01-01

    Patients who are active and involved in their self-management and care are more likely to manage chronic conditions effectively (6, 26). With a 5-fold increase in the incidence of chronic illness over the past 20 years, access to information can provide patients the tools and support to self-manage their chronic illness. New media technologies can serve as tools to engage and involve patients in their health care. Due to the increasing ubiquity of the Internet and the availability of health information, patients are more easily able to seek and find information about their health.. Thus, the Internet can serve as a mechanism of empowerment (4, 5). This is especially important for people with diabetes mellitus where intensive self-management is critical. PMID:23569602

  16. Primary health-care nurses and Internet health information-seeking: Access, barriers and quality checks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmour, Jean; Strong, Alison; Chan, Helen; Hanna, Sue; Huntington, Annette

    2016-02-01

    Online information is a critical resource for evidence-based practice and patient education. This study aimed to establish New Zealand nurses' access and evaluation of online health information in the primary care context using a postal questionnaire survey; there were 630 respondents from a random sample of 931 nurses. The majority of respondents were satisfied with work access to online information (84.5%, n = 501) and searched for online information at least several times a week (57.5%, n = 343). The major barrier to online information seeking was insufficient time, but 68 respondents had no work online information access. The level of nursing qualification was significantly correlated with computer confidence and information quality checking. A range of information evaluation approaches was used. Most nurses in study accessed and evaluated Internet information in contrast to the findings of earlier studies, but there were barriers preventing universal integration into practice. PMID:25355072

  17. Breast cancer information on the internet: analysis of accessibility and accuracy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Quinn, E M

    2012-02-18

    Studies show internet sourced information often has poor accuracy. However, it is rapidly becoming a major source of patient information. Our aim was to assess accuracy of breast cancer-related information on the internet. The top five breast cancer-related search terms were identified using the commercial program "Wordtracker". These terms were searched using the search-engine "Google" and the top 100 webpages per topic analysed for applicability and accuracy of information. Overall 500 webpages were analysed. 42% were inapplicable to the question asked. Applicable accuracy rates were variable amongst the five terms: "breast cancer symptoms" 84%, "breast cancer care" 87%, "breast cancer stage" 88%, "breast cancer survival" 91% and "breast cancer signs" 78%. Educational websites were more likely to be accurate(p < 0.001) and interest group administered websites less likely to be accurate(p = 0.018) than other websites. Finding accurate breast cancer information on the internet is difficult due to large numbers of inapplicable unregulated websites preferentially returned via search engines.

  18. The quality of information on three common ENT procedures on the Internet.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: The Internet hosts a large number of high-quality medical resources and poses seemingly endless opportunities to inform, teach, and connect professionals and patients alike. However, it is difficult for the lay person to distinguish accurate from inaccurate information. AIM: This study was undertaken in an attempt to assess the quality of information on otolaryngology available on the Internet. METHODS: Sixty appropriate websites, using search engines Yahoo and Google, were evaluated for completeness and accuracy using three commonly performed ENT operations: tonsillectomy (T), septoplasty (S), and myringoplasty (M). RESULTS: A total of 60 websites were evaluated (NT = 20, NM = 20, NS = 20). A total of 86.7% targeted lay population and 13.3% targeted the medical professionals. 35% of the sites included all critical information that patients should know prior to undergoing surgery and over 94% of these were found to contain no inaccuracies. Negative bias towards medical profession was detected in 3% of websites. CONCLUSIONS: In the current climate, with informed consent being of profound importance, the Internet represents a useful tool for both patients and surgeons.

  19. Where Do U.S. Adults Who Do Not Use the Internet Get Health Information? Examining Digital Health Information Disparities From 2008 to 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massey, Philip M

    2016-01-01

    With more people turning to the Internet for health information, a few questions remain: Which populations represent the remaining few who have never used the Internet, and where do they go for health information? The purpose of this study is to describe population characteristics and sources of health information among U.S. adults who do not use the Internet. Data from 3 iterations of the Health Information National Trends Survey (n = 1,722) are used to examine trends in health information sources. Weighted predicted probabilities demonstrate changes in information source over time. Older adults, minority populations, and individuals with low educational attainment represent a growing percentage of respondents who have looked for health information but have never used the Internet, highlighting trends in digital information disparities. However, 1 in 10 respondents who have never used the Internet also indicate that the Internet was their first source of health information, presumably through surrogates. Findings highlight digital disparities in information seeking and the complex nature of online information seeking. Future research should examine how individuals conceptualize information sources, measure skills related to evaluating information and sources, and investigate the social nature of information seeking. Health care organizations and public health agencies can leverage the multifaceted nature of information seeking to better develop information resources to increase information access by vulnerable populations. PMID:26166484

  20. Polish employees on the Internet as a source of information about health and disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elżbieta Korzeniowska

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: This paper presents the opinions of Polish employees on how they think of and use the Internet in the context of health, including occupational health. The outcomes show the usefulness of this medium in the ongoing activities regarding health education and promotion in this target group. Material and Methods: The analysis focuses on the empirical data from the first representative research on the working population in Poland, conducted in 2012 among 1012 respondents, using the structured interview method. Results: Employees believe that the Internet plays a positive role in helping employees stay healthy. They appreciate its importance as a tool to support people with similar health problems and the alternative source of information on health issues. Workers are mostly unhappy with information overload about health and difficulty in identifying the reliable ones. Significant number of employees expect the websites expert control and even perpetrators' punishment. Around half of the workers look for the needed information on the Internet and the same number get acquainted with it, if they come across it by chance. The study shows that there was a small employees' interest regarding data on occupational health hazards, how to counteract them and legal regulations on health at work. If it was a case though, they used the web. Employees expect greater use of the Internet in their workplaces regarding occupational health issues than ever before. Conclusions: It was found that there are necessary foundations to treat the Internet as an influencing tool in health education and promotion campaigns aimed at employees. Med Pr 2014;65(1:1–13

  1. Relationships among Internet health information use, patient behavior and self efficacy in newly diagnosed cancer patients who contact the National Cancer Institute's NCI Atlantic Region Cancer Information Service (CIS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleisher, Linda; Bass, Sarah; Ruzek, Sheryl Burt; McKeown-Conn, Nancy

    2002-01-01

    This NCI funded study examined the relationship between the use of Internet health information by people newly diagnosed with cancer (N=500), with patient task behavior and perceived self efficacy. Study variables were compared among Direct users of Internet health information (people using the Internet themselves), Indirect users of Internet health information (people receiving Internet health information from friends or family members), and Non-users of Internet health information (people not using the Internet or receiving health information from the Internet). The subjects were recruited from persons who called the Atlantic Region of the NCI's Cancer Information Service (CIS), located at Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia, PA. Follow up phone interviews were done with participants six weeks after initial contact to assess impact of the use of the Internet on perceived patient task behavior and self efficacy. Results show significant relationships between Internet use and all study variables. PMID:12463827

  2. Patterns of information-seeking for cancer on the internet: an analysis of real world data.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yishai Ofran

    Full Text Available Although traditionally the primary information sources for cancer patients have been the treating medical team, patients and their relatives increasingly turn to the Internet, though this source may be misleading and confusing. We assess Internet searching patterns to understand the information needs of cancer patients and their acquaintances, as well as to discern their underlying psychological states. We screened 232,681 anonymous users who initiated cancer-specific queries on the Yahoo Web search engine over three months, and selected for study users with high levels of interest in this topic. Searches were partitioned by expected survival for the disease being searched. We compared the search patterns of anonymous users and their contacts. Users seeking information on aggressive malignancies exhibited shorter search periods, focusing on disease- and treatment-related information. Users seeking knowledge regarding more indolent tumors searched for longer periods, alternated between different subjects, and demonstrated a high interest in topics such as support groups. Acquaintances searched for longer periods than the proband user when seeking information on aggressive (compared to indolent cancers. Information needs can be modeled as transitioning between five discrete states, each with a unique signature representing the type of information of interest to the user. Thus, early phases of information-seeking for cancer follow a specific dynamic pattern. Areas of interest are disease dependent and vary between probands and their contacts. These patterns can be used by physicians and medical Web site authors to tailor information to the needs of patients and family members.

  3. Alternatives to animal testing: information resources via the Internet and World Wide Web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakkinen, P J Bert; Green, Dianne K

    2002-04-25

    Many countries, including the United States, Canada, European Union member states, and others, require that a comprehensive search for possible alternatives be completed before beginning some or all research involving animals. Completing comprehensive alternatives searches and keeping current with information associated with alternatives to animal testing is a challenge that will be made easier as people throughout the world gain access to the Internet and World Wide Web. Numerous Internet and World Wide Web resources are available to provide guidance and other information on in vitro and other alternatives to animal testing. A comprehensive Web site is Alternatives to Animal Testing on the Web (Altweb), which serves as an online clearinghouse for resources, information, and news about alternatives to animal testing. Examples of other important Web sites include the joint one for the (US) Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM) and the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Interagency Center for the Evaluation of Alternative Toxicological Methods (NICEATM) and the Norwegian Reference Centre for Laboratory Animal Science and Alternatives (The NORINA database). Internet mailing lists and online access to bulletin boards, discussion areas, newsletters, and journals are other ways to access and share information to stay current with alternatives to animal testing. PMID:11955681

  4. An Ecological View of Internet Health Information Seeking Behavior Predictors: Findings from the CHAIN Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvert, Joshua K; Aidala, Angela A; West, Josh H

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of the study was to further elucidate proximal and distal demographic and social predictors of Internet Health Information Seeking Behavior (IHISB) among a cohort of HIV+ individuals through an ecological framework. Methods: The Community Health Advisory & Information Network (CHAIN) project is an ongoing prospective study of a representative sample of persons living with HIV/AIDS in New York City and the Tri-County region. The study sample was drawn from a two-stage randomized technique with the clients of 43 medical and social service organizations with 693 HIV+ participants. Bivariate correlations were computed between IHISB and independent demographic variables in ecological blocks. Multivariate hierarchical logistic regression was used to test association between blocks of variables and IHISB. Results: Among the surveyed respondents (n=645) 50.3% indicated that they used the Internet. Being above the poverty line, having less than a high school education, and having fewer neighbors were statistically significant predictors of IHISB related to HIV. Conclusions: The benefits of accessing the Internet may influence health behavior and may be considered a target for interventions that aim to increase access to health related information online. Coupled with increased access, is the need for increased patient education interventions, and creative managed care approaches to ensure that information gleaned from online sources is interpretable and accurate in order to benefit the lives of those living with HIV/AIDS. PMID:24222812

  5. From Gravestones to Google: The Impact of Internet Adoption on Genealogists' Information and Communication Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Land, Jennifer Kathleen Mathews

    2012-01-01

    Genealogists are a community of practice (CoP) that has largely embraced the Internet as a research tool. Genealogists' use of the Internet was investigated using a case study of users of Ancestry.com, a subscription-based online genealogical resource. Data were collected using an online survey, allowing information and communication…

  6. How Does Internet Information Seeking Help Academic Performance?--The Moderating and Mediating Roles of Academic Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yu-Qian; Chen, Li-Yueh; Chen, Houn-Gee; Chern, Ching-Chin

    2011-01-01

    Although researchers tend to agree that Internet is a good source for learning and research, little empirical data has substantiated this claim by specifically linking time and effort spent on the Internet for school related information seeking to academic performances. This research investigates the relationship between vocational high school…

  7. Cyber-Insurance in Internet Security: A Dig into the Information Asymmetry Problem

    CERN Document Server

    Pal, Ranjan

    2012-01-01

    Internet users such as individuals and organizations are subject to different types of epidemic risks such as worms, viruses, spams, and botnets. To reduce the probability of risk, an Internet user generally invests in traditional security mechanisms like anti-virus and anti-spam software, sometimes also known as \\emph{self-defense} mechanisms. However, according to security experts, such software (and their subsequent advancements) will not completely eliminate risk. Recent research efforts have considered the problem of residual risk elimination by proposing the idea of \\emph{cyber-insurance}. In this regard, an important research problem is resolving information asymmetry issues associated with cyber-insurance contracts. In this paper we propose \\emph{three} mechanisms to resolve information asymmetry in cyber-insurance. Our mechanisms are based on the \\emph{Principal-Agent} (PA) model in microeconomic theory. We show that (1) optimal cyber-insurance contracts induced by our mechanisms only provide partial...

  8. The Internet Pilot to Physics:. An Open Information System for Physics Research and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karttunen, Mikko; Holmlund, Kenneth; Nowotny, Günther

    In this article we discuss the effort made by the Internet Pilot to Physics (TIPTOP) project to develop a uniform and open information infrastructure for physics research and education. We discuss concepts such as communication in research and education, the importance of distributed indexing and catalogs, and briefly the use of new technology such as VRML and Java. We also stress the importance of developing and using standardized protocols and formats such as the Summary Object Interchangeable Format (SOIF) and Thematic Uniform Resource Agents (TURA). TIPTOP has rapidly grown to be one of the most popular physics Internet knowledge servers, and the recently established collaboration with the European Physical Society is an important step forward in developing a stable framework of high quality information for researchers and educators.

  9. Qualitative and Quantitative Data on the Use of the Internet for Archaeological Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorna-Jane Richardson

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available These survey results are from an online survey of 577 UK-based archaeological volunteers, professional archaeologists and archaeological organisations. These data cover a variety of topics related to how and why people access the Internet for information about archaeology, including demographic information, activity relating to accessing information on archaeological topics, archaeological sharing and networking and the use of mobile phone apps and QR codes for public engagement. There is wide scope for further qualitative and quantitative analysis of these data.

  10. Looking beyond the Internet: Examining Socioeconomic Inequalities in Cancer Information Seeking among Cancer Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chul-joo; Ramirez, Susana; Lewis, Nehama; Gray, Stacy W.; Hornik, Robert C.

    2014-01-01

    The gap in cancer information seeking between high-socioeconomic status (SES) cancer patients and low-SES cancer patients deserves serious attention considering the importance of information and knowledge in cancer control. We thus explored the association of SES, as measured by education, with cancer patients’ overall cancer information seeking, and with seeking from each source (i.e., the Internet, mass media, medical sources, and non-medical interpersonal sources) and across two topic categories (i.e., treatment, quality of life). We then asked whether the effect of education on treatment information seeking is reduced among those who are particularly motivated to control treatment choices. We conducted a survey with breast, prostate, and colon cancer patients diagnosed in 2005 (N = 2,013), who were randomly drawn from the Pennsylvania Cancer Registry in the fall of 2006. We found that education was more strongly associated with Internet use than with the use of other sources regardless of topics. Also, when information was sought from mass media, education had a greater association with treatment information seeking than with quality-of-life information seeking. Preference for active participation in treatment decision making, however, did not moderate the effect of education on treatment information seeking. The implications of these findings for public health research and cancer patient education were discussed. PMID:22356137

  11. Research of technology regarding efficiency improvement of relevant information search via internet

    OpenAIRE

    Zosymov, Viacheslav V.; Bulhakova, A. S.; Pozdieiev, Valerii O.

    2014-01-01

    This article describes the process of researching technology of improving the efficiency of the relevant information search via the Internet. Comparison of search completeness and accuracy according to the results of google.com.ua search system and in accordance with proposed technology was carried out. As a result data, that shows advantages of the developed technology in comparison with moderns search systems, was obtained. 

  12. Diffusion of information technology, internet use and the demand of heterogeneous labor

    OpenAIRE

    Falk, Martin

    2001-01-01

    This paper analyzes the link between the diffusion of information- and communication technology (ICT) and both the skill structure and employment expectations of the different skill categories. The analysis is based on cross-sectional data for 4150 German firms conducted in mid-2000. The penetration of ICT is measured as the percentage of workers using a computer on the job for at least half of the working time, the number of computers per worker, percentage of workers with internet access, a...

  13. Diffusion of Information Technology, Internet Use and the Demand for Heterogeneous Labor

    OpenAIRE

    Falk, Martin

    2001-01-01

    This paper analyzes the link between the diffusion of information- and communication technology (ICT) and both the skill structure and employment expectations of the different skill categories. The analysis is based on cross-sectional data for 4150 German firms conducted in mid-2000. The penetration of ICT is measured as the percentage of workers using a computer on the job for at least half of the working time, the number of computers per worker, percentage of workers with internet access, a...

  14. Information Collection System of Crop Growth Environment Based on the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Hua; Zhang, Guangyu; Lu, Ningbo

    2013-01-01

    Based on the technology of Internet of things, for the issues of large amount data acquisition and difficult real time transport in the data acquisition of crop growth environment, this paper designs one information collection system for crop growth environment. Utilizing the range free location mechanism which defines the node position and GEAR routing mechanism give solutions to the problems of node location, routing protocol applications and so on. This system can realize accurate and auto...

  15. SPECIAL EDUCATION ON THE INTERNET: BLOGS AS RESOURCES OF (INFORMAL) TEACHER TRAINING

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela Alias Rios; Enicéia Gonçalves Mendes

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays, technologies are increasingly present in people's daily lives, resulting in a change in the speed of transmission of information, in the way the communication happens, interaction among people, and also in professional training. In this context, we can highlight the blogs, which are a kind of online diary used for communication and interaction among people of different ages, interests and professions. From internet searches, it is noticed that blogs are often used by teachers. In th...

  16. Internet Health Information Seeking Behavior and Antiretroviral Adherence in Persons Living with HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Somnath; Chander, Geetanjali; Korthuis, P. Todd; Sharma, Rashmi K.; Sharp, Victoria; Cohn, Jonathan; Moore, Richard D.; Beach, Mary Catherine

    2011-01-01

    Abstract While the Internet has the potential to educate persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), websites may contain inaccurate information and increase the risk of nonadherence with antiretroviral therapy (ART). The objectives of our study were to determine the extent to which PLWHA engage in Internet health information seeking behavior (IHISB) and to determine whether IHISB is associated with ART adherence. We conducted a survey of adult, English-speaking HIV-infected patients at four HIV outpatient clinic sites in the United States (Baltimore, Maryland; Detroit, Michigan; New York, and Portland, Oregon) between December 2004 and January 2006. We assessed IHISB by asking participants how much information they had received from the Internet since acquiring HIV. The main outcome was patient-reported ART adherence over the past three days. Data were available on IHISB for 433 patients, 334 of whom were on ART therapy. Patients had a mean age of 45 (standard error [SE] 0.45) years and were mostly male (66%), African American (58%), and had attained a high school degree (73%). Most (55%) reported no IHISB, 18% reported some, and 27% reported “a fair amount” or “a great deal.” Patients who reported higher versus lower levels of IHISB were significantly younger, had achieved a higher level of education, and had higher medication self-efficacy. In unadjusted analyses, higher IHISB was associated with ART adherence (odds ratio [OR], 2.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.27–6.94). This association persisted after adjustment for age, gender, race, education, clinic site, and medication self-efficacy (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.76, 95% CI 1.11–6.87). Our findings indicate that IHISB is positively associated with ART adherence even after controlling for potentially confounding variables. Future studies should investigate the ways in which Internet health information may promote medication adherence among PLWHA. PMID:21682586

  17. Evolutionary information seeking: A case study of personal development and Internet searching

    OpenAIRE

    Kari, Jarkko

    2006-01-01

    This article explores one question: what does Internet searching have to do with personal development? Personal development means that individuals improve their own abilities, skills, knowledge or other qualities by working on them. The paper reports on a qualitative case study, in which a single participant was interviewed and her Web searches observed. Information search strategies seemed to form a spectrum of developmental sophistication. Four major types of relationship were found: a) the...

  18. Organ procurement organizations Internet enrollment for organ donation: Abandoning informed consent

    OpenAIRE

    Verheijde Joseph L; Rady Mohamed Y; Woien Sandra; McGregor Joan

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Requirements for organ donation after cardiac or imminent death have been introduced to address the transplantable organs shortage in the United States. Organ procurement organizations (OPOs) increasingly use the Internet for organ donation consent. Methods An analysis of OPO Web sites available to the public for enrollment and consent for organ donation. The Web sites and consent forms were examined for the minimal information recommended by the United States Department o...

  19. Quality of health information for cervical cancer treatment on the internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prakash Trina

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The internet has become a frequently used and powerful tool for patients seeking medical information. This information may not undergo the same quality consideration as the peer-review criteria for publication of information in a journal. The aim of this study is to assess the quality of internet sites providing information on the treatment of cervical cancer, with comparisons between the quality assessments made by an educated lay person and an expert in the field. Methods A search of the World Wide Web was made by a lay person to identify sites containing information on the treatment of cervical cancer. The credibility and accuracy of these sites was assessed using predefined criteria based on 'Criteria for Assessing the Quality of Health Information on the Internet' and accepted guidelines for the treatment of cervical cancer. The assessment was made independently and in duplicate by the lay reviewer and medical expert in order to allow comparison. Results 46 relevant websites were assessed. Only one site contained all the credibility and accuracy criteria, with a further website containing all the credibility criteria. The majority of sites, 38/46, were deemed easy to navigate. The agreement between lay person and expert was good with only 6 items in total changed by the expert. Conclusion This study clearly shows there is wide variation in quality of websites available to patients on the treatment of cervical cancer. Further research and consideration is needed on the effects of website information on gynaecological cancer patients and how steps can be made to insure the posting of good quality information.

  20. L'offre d'information volontaire par Internet et le gouvernement des entreprises françaises

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Li

    2010-01-01

    (VF)Cette recherche analyse le phénomène de la diffusion d’information par Internet en France. En prolongeant les études antérieures sur l’offre volontaire d’information, nous cherchons à savoir comment les facteurs du gouvernement d’entreprise influent sur la communication par voie électronique. Nous examinons également l’impact des caractéristiques des entreprises sur la publication volontaire par Internet. Les résultats montrent que l’offre d’information par Internet s’accroît lorsque la s...

  1. Information searching protocol: a smart protocol for specific content search over the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattarakosol, Pattarasinee; Preechaveerakul, Ladda

    2006-10-01

    Currently, information is very important to Internet users. Unfortunately, searching for specific information from the Internet is not easy as wishes. The existing search engine mechanisms cannot be performed using a pathname of URL as a search key. Therefore, users who have a partial pathname of URL cannot use their knowledge to narrow down the search results. Thus, users have to spend a long time searching for the required web site from the result list. This paper proposes a search protocol named Information Searching Protocol (ISP) that supports the multiple search contents for users who know a partial pathname of URL and keywords. Moreover, the architecture of the Global Search Engine System (GSES) that cooperates with the ISP and is responsible for the search mechanism is also proposed. The GSES consists of two separated parts: an Internet Search Protocol agent at the client site, and GSES components at the server site. These components allow users to perform the search using a pathname of URL composing with keywords. The functions of GSES components indicate that the ISP enhances the search mechanism. So, users receive more specific URL and can, shortly, get access to the required site.

  2. A quantitative assessment of changing trends in internet usage for cancer information.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McHugh, Seamus M

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: The internet is an important source of healthcare information. To date, assessment of its use as a source of oncologic information has been restricted to retrospective surveys. METHODS: The cancer-related searches of approximately 361,916,185 people in the United States and the United Kingdom were examined. Data were collected from two separate 100-day periods in 2008 and 2010. RESULTS: In 2008, there were 97,531 searches. The majority of searches related to basic cancer information (18,700, 19%), followed by treatment (8404, 9%) and diagnosis (6460, 7%). This compares with 179,025 searches in 2010 representing an increase of 183%. In 2008 breast cancer accounted for 21,102 (21%) individual searches, increasing to 85,825 searches in 2010. In 2010 a total of 0.2% (321) of searches focused on litigation, with those searching for breast cancer information most likely to research this topic (P=0.000). CONCLUSION: Use of the internet as a source of oncological information is increasing rapidly. These searches represent the most sensitive information relating to cancer, including prognosis and litigation. It is imperative now that efforts are made to ensure the reliability and comprehensiveness of this information.

  3. Quality of health information on the Internet in pediatric neuro-oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargrave, Darren R; Hargrave, Ursula A; Bouffet, Eric

    2006-04-01

    The Internet is now the single largest source of health information and is used by many patients and their families who are affected by childhood brain tumors. To assess the quality of pediatric neuro-oncology information on the Internet, we used search engines to look for information on five common tumor types (brain stem glioma, craniopharyngioma, ependymoma, low-grade glioma, and medulloblastoma). The Web sites were evaluated for content quality by using the validated DISCERN rating instrument. Breadth of content and its accuracy were also scored by a checklist tool. Readability statistics were computed on the highest-rated sites. Of 114 evaluated Web sites, the sources were as follows: institutional, 46%; commercial, 35%; charitable, 15%; support group, 2%; and alternative medicine, 2%. Good interobserver correlation was found for both ratings instruments. The DISCERN tool rated Web sites as excellent (4%), good (7%), fair (29%), poor (39%), or very poor (21%). Only 5% of the Web sites provided one or more inaccurate pieces of information. Web sites were found deficient in topics covering etiology, late effects, prognosis, and treatment choices. Few sites offered information in languages other than English, and readability statistics showed an average required reading level of U.S. grade 12+ (the suggested level being grades 6-8 for an adult audience). The Internet is increasingly being used as a source of oncology information for patients and their families. Health care professionals should be actively involved in developing high-quality information for use in the next generation of Web sites. PMID:16533758

  4. Determinants of information behaviour and information literacy related to healthy eating among Internet users in five European countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niedźwiedzka, Barbara; Mazzocchi, Mario; Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica;

    2014-01-01

    grouped by age and sex (n=3003, age +16) in Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Poland, and the UK. Analysis. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were used to analyse the influence of social, demographic, psychological and economic characteristics on the information seeking of the respondents. Results......Introduction. This study investigates how Europeans seek information related to healthy eating, what determines their information seeking and whether any problems are encountered in doing so. Method. A survey was administered through computer-assisted on-line web-interviewing. Respondents were....... Nearly half of those surveyed do not know where to look for information on healthy diets. Men, less well educated, poorer and sicker person know less about where to look for such information and are less likely to attempt finding it. Most of the respondents searching for information on the Internet use...

  5. Modeling Internet Security Investments: The Case of Dealing with Information Uncertainty

    CERN Document Server

    Pal, Ranjan

    2011-01-01

    Modern distributed communication networks like the Internet and censorship-resistant networks (also a part of the Internet) are characterized by nodes (users) interconnected with one another via communication links. In this regard, the security of individual nodes depend not only on their own efforts, but also on the efforts and underlying connectivity structure of neighboring network nodes. By the term 'effort', we imply the amount of investments made by a user in security mechanisms like antivirus softwares, firewalls, etc., to improve its security. However, often due to the large magnitude of such networks, it is not always possible for nodes to have complete effort and connectivity structure information about all their neighbor nodes. Added to this is the fact that in many applications, the Internet users are selfish and are not willing to co-operate with other users on sharing effort information. In this paper, we adopt a non-cooperative game-theoretic approach to analyze individual user security in a co...

  6. Information available on the internet about pain after orthognathic surgery: A careful review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Melo Pithon

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Investigate the quality of data available on the internet with respect to pain after orthognathic surgery.METHODS: A careful search was conducted on the Internet in December, 2012. The most accessed websites browsers were employed for research using the terms: "pain" and "orthognathic surgery" together. The first 30 results of each portal were examined, and after applying the exclusion criteria, 29 sites remained. All remaining websites went through an evaluation process with online tools that investigated the quality, level of reading, accessibility, usability and reliability.RESULTS: Assessment criteria outcomes were considered unfavorable. Texts were considered difficult to read with inappropriate language for the general public. The mean global validation for the 29 websites of the LIDA instrument was 65.10, thereby indicating a structure of medium quality.CONCLUSION: Information about post-orthognathic surgery pain available on the internet is poorly written and unreliable. Therefore, candidates for orthognathic surgery must seek information from specialists who, in turn, should indicate reliable sources.

  7. Information available on the internet about pain after orthognathic surgery: A careful review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pithon, Matheus Melo; dos Santos, Elinailton Silva

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Investigate the quality of data available on the internet with respect to pain after orthognathic surgery. METHODS: A careful search was conducted on the Internet in December, 2012. The most accessed websites browsers were employed for research using the terms: "pain" and "orthognathic surgery" together. The first 30 results of each portal were examined, and after applying the exclusion criteria, 29 sites remained. All remaining websites went through an evaluation process with online tools that investigated the quality, level of reading, accessibility, usability and reliability. RESULTS: Assessment criteria outcomes were considered unfavorable. Texts were considered difficult to read with inappropriate language for the general public. The mean global validation for the 29 websites of the LIDA instrument was 65.10, thereby indicating a structure of medium quality. CONCLUSION: Information about post-orthognathic surgery pain available on the internet is poorly written and unreliable. Therefore, candidates for orthognathic surgery must seek information from specialists who, in turn, should indicate reliable sources. PMID:25628084

  8. Information Collection System of Crop Growth Environment Based on the Internet of Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua; YU; Guangyu; ZHANG; Ningbo; LU

    2013-01-01

    Based on the technology of Internet of things, for the issues of large amount data acquisition and difficult real time transport in the data acquisition of crop growth environment, this paper designs one information collection system for crop growth environment. Utilizing the range free location mechanism which defines the node position and GEAR routing mechanism give solutions to the problems of node location, routing protocol applications and so on. This system can realize accurate and automatic real time collection, aggregation and transmission of crop growth environment information, and can achieve the automation of agricultural production, to the maximum extent.

  9. Study on effective provision of nuclear risk information over the internet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Risk information navigator (http://ricotti,jnc.go.jp/risknavi/)', an internet tool for arousing interest in risks and improving risk literacy, has been developed as the contents for the official website of Techno Community Square 'RICOTTI' (http://ricotti,jnc.go.jp/) at TOKAI village. This report discusses the effective provision of nuclear risk information toward foreigners who use English in Japan in order to improve their risk literacy. The contents are attached to this report with the CD-R media. (author)

  10. Information from the Internet and the doctor-patient relationship: the patient perspective – a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murray Elizabeth

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Both doctors and patients may perceive the Internet as a potential challenge to existing therapeutic relationships. Here we examine patients' views of the effect of the Internet on their relationship with doctors. Methods We ran 8 disease specific focus groups of between 2 and 8 respondents comprising adult patients with diabetes mellitus, ischaemic heart disease or hepatitis C. Results Data are presented on (i the perceived benefits and (ii limitations of the Internet in the context of the doctor-patient relationship, (iii views on sharing information with doctors, and (iv the potential of the Internet for the future. Information from the Internet was particularly valued in relation to experiential knowledge. Conclusion Despite evidence of increasing patient activism in seeking information and the potential to challenge the position of the doctor, the accounts here do not in any way suggest a desire to disrupt the existing balance of power, or roles, in the consultation. Patients appear to see the Internet as an additional resource to support existing and valued relationships with their doctors. Doctors therefore need not feel challenged or threatened when patients bring health information from the Internet to a consultation, rather they should see it as an attempt on the part of the patient to work with the doctor and respond positively.

  11. Classification and promotion different types of information product by internet marketing on the example of machine building enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Roman Oksentyuk

    2013-01-01

    Considering the features of modern marketing, Internet-marketing in particular, the types of promotion information products are classified in the article, such as a separate product (goods),firm or company, thematic information resource (website), online-store, online-project. All of the above objects have their own characteristics, both in content and in the budget part, which leads to differences in the choice of promotion strategy, selection of Internet-marketing techniques and, consequent...

  12. Current state and protection problems of information products as author's right subject-matter in the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Nahorniak, Halyna Stepanivna; Nahorniak, Iryna Stepanivna; Oksentyuk, Zoryana

    2012-01-01

    The state and problems of protection of information products as author's right subject-matter in the Internet as well as imperfect legislation concerning the intellectual property infringement in the Internet are considered in the article. Some promising directions for overcoming infringement of copyright in cyberspace are outlined. The present situation is such that only formal laws exist. But their use is extremely difficult, because information transfer or copy in the network is much easie...

  13. Head and neck cancer information on the internet: type, accuracy and content.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ni Riordain, Richeal

    2009-08-01

    This study aimed to determine the type, accuracy and content of information available on the internet regarding head and neck cancer. The search engine Google was used to generate a list of the top 100 websites about head and neck cancer. The websites were evaluated using the DISCERN instrument and the JAMA benchmarks and whether the site displayed the Health on the Net seal was also recorded. The search yielded 1,650,000 sites on the Google website. Of the top 100 sites, a total of 33 sites were suitable for analysis due to duplicate links, non-functioning links and irrelevant website. 45% achieved all four JAMA benchmarks and 18% achieved only 1 benchmark. No website receiving the maximum mark on the overall score and four websites received the lowest overall score regarding the DISCERN instrument. The question with the poorest response score was \\'Does it describe how the treatment choices affect overall quality of life?\\' 39% of the websites displayed the Health on the Net (HON) seal. A wide variety of types of information are available on the internet regarding head and neck cancer with variable accuracy levels based on both Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks and DISCERN. The onus lies with the practitioner to guide the patient regarding scientific reliability of information and to direct the patient in filtering the information sourced. The inclusion of quality of life related information is currently lacking and should be addressed to ensure a more comprehensive understanding for patients of treatment options.

  14. Information Asymmetry and Internet Financial Development%信息不对称与互联网金融发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    生蕾

    2015-01-01

    Based on the essential attributes of Internet finance, by using information economics theory, an analysis is made on the mutual relationship between information asymmetry and development of Internet finance. The paper probes into the key problems for the development of Internet finance in China, and proposes the concrete countermeasures for eliminating information asymmetry in the development of Internet finance.%立足互联网金融的本质属性,运用信息经济学理论,分析信息不对称与互联网金融发展的相生关系,探讨我国互联网金融发展存在的关键问题,提出了消除信息不对称、发展互联网金融的具体对策建议。

  15. Physician Evaluation of Internet Health Information on Proton Therapy for Prostate Cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Many patients considering prostate cancer (PCa) treatment options report seeking proton beam therapy (PBT) based in part on information readily available on the Internet. There is, however, potential for considerable variation in Internet health information (IHI). We thus evaluated the characteristics, quality, and accuracy of IHI on PBT for PCa. Methods and Materials: We undertook a qualitative research study using snowball-purposive sampling in which we evaluated the top 50 Google search results for “proton prostate cancer.” Quality was evaluated on a 5-point scale using the validated 15-question DISCERN instrument. Accuracy was evaluated by comparing IHI with the best available evidence. Results: Thirty-seven IHI websites were included in the final sample. These websites most frequently were patient information/support resources (46%), were focused exclusively on PBT (51%), and had a commercial affiliation (38%). There was a significant difference in quality according to the type of IHI. Substantial inaccuracies were noted in the study sample compared with best available or contextual evidence. Conclusions: There are shortcomings in quality and accuracy in consumer-oriented IHI on PBT for PCa. Providers must be prepared to educate patients how to critically evaluate IHI related to PBT for PCa to best inform their treatment decisions

  16. Physician Evaluation of Internet Health Information on Proton Therapy for Prostate Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shah, Anand, E-mail: as4351@columbia.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York (United States); Paly, Jonathan J.; Efstathiou, Jason A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Bekelman, Justin E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)

    2013-03-15

    Purpose: Many patients considering prostate cancer (PCa) treatment options report seeking proton beam therapy (PBT) based in part on information readily available on the Internet. There is, however, potential for considerable variation in Internet health information (IHI). We thus evaluated the characteristics, quality, and accuracy of IHI on PBT for PCa. Methods and Materials: We undertook a qualitative research study using snowball-purposive sampling in which we evaluated the top 50 Google search results for “proton prostate cancer.” Quality was evaluated on a 5-point scale using the validated 15-question DISCERN instrument. Accuracy was evaluated by comparing IHI with the best available evidence. Results: Thirty-seven IHI websites were included in the final sample. These websites most frequently were patient information/support resources (46%), were focused exclusively on PBT (51%), and had a commercial affiliation (38%). There was a significant difference in quality according to the type of IHI. Substantial inaccuracies were noted in the study sample compared with best available or contextual evidence. Conclusions: There are shortcomings in quality and accuracy in consumer-oriented IHI on PBT for PCa. Providers must be prepared to educate patients how to critically evaluate IHI related to PBT for PCa to best inform their treatment decisions.

  17. Development of an Internet based geothermal information system for Germany; Aufbau eines geothermischen Informationssystems fuer Deutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulz, R.; Agemar, T.; Alten, J.A.; Kuehne, K.; Maul, A.A.; Pester, S.; Wirth, W. [Inst. fuer Geowissenschaftliche Gemeinschaftsaufgaben (GGA), Hannover (Germany)

    2007-02-15

    The Leibniz Institute for Applied Geosciences (GGA-Institut) is setting up an internet based information system on geothermal resources in close collaboration with partners. For a start, the geothermal information system will contain data about hydrogeothermal resources only. The project aims at an improvement of quality in the planning of geothermal plants and at a minimization of exploration risks. The key parameters for this purpose are production rate (Q) and temperature (T). The basis for the estimation of subsurface hydraulic properties comes from the information system on hydrocarbons. This information system provides permeability and porosity values derived from the analyses of drilling cores. The IT targets will be realised by a relational database providing all data relevant to the project. A 3D model of the ground provides the basis for visualisation and calculation of geothermal resources. As a prototype, a data-recall facility of geothermal sites in Germany is available online. (orig.)

  18. Evaluation of the quality and accuracy of information regarding aromatase inhibitors available on the internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaton, Ceri; Codd, Rhodri J; Holland, Phillip A; Gateley, Christopher A

    2008-01-01

    The internet is commonly used by patients to access medical information, particularly where new treatments become available and are highlighted in the press. There is however, no regulation of the quality or accuracy of the information presented on web sites. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality and accuracy of the information concerning the aromatase inhibitors (AIs). The three most popular search engines: Google, Yahoo, and MSN were utilized. The top ten "hits" for the generic and proprietary names of each AIs: anastrozole (Arimidex), exemestane (Aromasin), and letrozole (Femara) were evaluated using a 12-point score by a single assessor. The accuracy of the information provided was compared with the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines. The mean score for the 180 web sites was only 6.13 out of 12 (0-11). If we consider a score of 9 or more out of 12 (> or =75%) for a web site to represent good quality information, then 51 (28%) of pages scored well. Google was slightly better than Yahoo and MSN; with the highest percentage of web sites scoring well. In evaluating hits according to type of web sites, 50 (28%) were charity web sites and 30 (17%) were drug company web sites and both groups scored significantly higher than the overall mean (charity p = 0.014, drug company p = 0.001). Only 2 of 180 hits gave accurate statistical evidence regarding the benefits of AIs over tamoxifen. We have found that the quality and accuracy of information concerning AIs provided on the Internet is poor and patients using it are unlikely to find accurate information. It is therefore our duty as healthcare providers to guide patients, so as to avoid them from being overwhelmed by irrelevant and conflicting information. PMID:18537915

  19. Information on the Internet about colorectal cancer: patient attitude and potential toward Web browsing. A prospective observational study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajid, Muhammad S.; Shakir, Ali J.; Baig, Mirza K.

    2011-01-01

    Background Patients with colorectal cancer who seek to improve their knowledge of health and treatment options can now access in a few seconds data that would previously have required hours of research. Our aim was to evaluate the attitudes of patients toward Web browsing for information on colorectal cancer. Methods We surveyed all patients attending a colorectal cancer follow-up clinic between January and August 2007 on their use of the Internet to obtain information on colorectal cancer. Results In all, 439 patients with mean age of 68.6 years participated in the study. Of these, 24% reported using the Internet to obtain colorectal cancer information. Most participants used the Google search engine. Only 13% of participants confirmed that colorectal cancer information on the Internet was helpful in decision-making. Patients under the age of 65 years were more likely to have Internet access (p < 0.001), more likely to use the Internet to find colorectal cancer information (p = 0.005) and more likely to access a site recommended by a colorectal specialist (p = 0.002). Among Internet users, men were slightly more likely than women to use the Internet, although the difference was not significant (p = 0.20). Conclusion The Internet is a useful tool for disseminating information about colorectal cancer. The best sites are still difficult for patients to distinguish from the thousands of sites returned by search engines. This study demonstrates that the level of potential interest is sufficient to justify the development of a departmental or regional colorectal cancer network of websites and indicates areas of interest for patients. PMID:21933528

  20. Health Information Seeking and Social Media Use on the Internet among People with Diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Shaw, Ryan J; Johnson, Constance M

    2011-01-01

    Patients who are active and involved in their self-management and care are more likely to manage chronic conditions effectively (6, 26). With a 5-fold increase in the incidence of chronic illness over the past 20 years, access to information can provide patients the tools and support to self-manage their chronic illness. New media technologies can serve as tools to engage and involve patients in their health care. Due to the increasing ubiquity of the Internet and the availability of health i...

  1. Corpus-Based Word Information Systems for the German Language on the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Schares, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    In this paper I will describe usage possibilities of two major lexicological resources for the German language on the internet. The two databases in my focus will be the elexiko-project by the IdS (=Institute for the German Language), Mannheim, and the DWDS-project by the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Letters & Sciences. Both items are corpus-based and by self-definition claim to be comprehensive word information systems of German. Eventually, I would like to put the user perspective on a s...

  2. Economics of Internet of Things (IoT): An Information Market Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Niyato, D.; Lu, X.; Wang, P.; Kim, D I; Han, Z.

    2015-01-01

    Internet of things (IoT) has been proposed to be a new paradigm of connecting devices and providing services to various applications, e.g., transportation, energy, smart city, and healthcare. In this paper, we focus on an important issue, i.e., economics of IoT, that can have a great impact to the success of IoT applications. In particular, we adopt and present the information economics approach with its applications in IoT. We first review existing economic models developed for IoT services....

  3. Health Information on Internet: Quality, Importance, and Popularity of Persian Health Websites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samadbeik, Mahnaz; Ahmadi, Maryam; Mohammadi, Ali; Mohseni Saravi, Beniamin

    2014-01-01

    Background: The Internet has provided great opportunities for disseminating both accurate and inaccurate health information. Therefore, the quality of information is considered as a widespread concern affecting the human life. Despite the increasingly substantial growth in the number of users, Persian health websites and the proportion of internet-using patients, little is known about the quality of Persian medical and health websites. Objectives: The current study aimed to first assess the quality, popularity and importance of websites providing Persian health-related information, and second to evaluate the correlation of the popularity and importance ranking with quality score on the Internet. Materials and Methods: The sample websites were identified by entering the health-related keywords into four most popular search engines of Iranian users based on the Alexa ranking at the time of study. Each selected website was assessed using three qualified tools including the Bomba and Land Index, Google PageRank and the Alexa ranking. Results: The evaluated sites characteristics (ownership structure, database, scope and objective) really did not have an effect on the Alexa traffic global rank, Alexa traffic rank in Iran, Google PageRank and Bomba total score. Most websites (78.9 percent, n = 56) were in the moderate category (8 ≤ x ≤ 11.99) based on their quality levels. There was no statistically significant association between Google PageRank with Bomba index variables and Alexa traffic global rank (P > 0.05). Conclusions: The Persian health websites had better Bomba quality scores in availability and usability guidelines as compared to other guidelines. The Google PageRank did not properly reflect the real quality of evaluated websites and Internet users seeking online health information should not merely rely on it for any kind of prejudgment regarding Persian health websites. However, they can use Iran Alexa rank as a primary filtering tool of these websites

  4. [Biomedical information on the internet using search engines. A one-year trial].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrao, Salvatore; Leone, Francesco; Arnone, Sabrina

    2004-01-01

    The internet is a communication medium and content distributor that provide information in the general sense but it could be of great utility regarding as the search and retrieval of biomedical information. Search engines represent a great deal to rapidly find information on the net. However, we do not know whether general search engines and meta-search ones are reliable in order to find useful and validated biomedical information. The aim of our study was to verify the reproducibility of a search by key-words (pediatric or evidence) using 9 international search engines and 1 meta-search engine at the baseline and after a one year period. We analysed the first 20 citations as output of each searching. We evaluated the formal quality of Web-sites and their domain extensions. Moreover, we compared the output of each search at the start of this study and after a one year period and we considered as a criterion of reliability the number of Web-sites cited again. We found some interesting results that are reported throughout the text. Our findings point out an extreme dynamicity of the information on the Web and, for this reason, we advice a great caution when someone want to use search and meta-search engines as a tool for searching and retrieve reliable biomedical information. On the other hand, some search and meta-search engines could be very useful as a first step searching for defining better a search and, moreover, for finding institutional Web-sites too. This paper allows to know a more conscious approach to the internet biomedical information universe. PMID:15032337

  5. Implications of Internet Availability of Genomic Information for Public Health Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hesse, B.W.; Arora, N.K.; Khoury, M.J.

    2012-01-01

    Tensions in the field have emerged over how best to communicate to the public about genomic discoveries in an era of direct-to-consumer (DTC) DNA testing services available through the Internet. Concerns over what the psychological and behavioral response might be to a nuanced, multiplex risk message have spurred some to offer caution in communicating to the public about personalized risk until the necessary research has been completed on how to communicate effectively. The popularization of DTC testing services, along with a spreading Internet culture on transparency for personal data, may make ‘waiting to communicate’ a moot point. To steer communication efforts in the midst of increasing access to personal genomic information, a self-regulation framework is presented. The framework emphasizes the importance of presenting a coherent message in all communiqués about public health genomics. Coherence should be based on an evidence-based model of how the public processes information about health conditions and an emphasis on risk-to-action links. Recommendations from the President's Council of Advisors for Science and Technology are reviewed as a way of identifying targets of opportunity for structured communications both within the healthcare system and in the broader external ecosystem of publicly available health information technologies. PMID:22488463

  6. Finding competitive intelligence on Internet start-up companies: a study of secondary resource use and information-seeking processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper reports findings from a study of CI activities involving Internet start-up companies in the telecommunications industry. The CI gathering was conducted by graduate students in library and information science in the context of a class project for a real business client, itself a small Internet start-up company. The primary objective of the study was to provide empirical insights into the applicability of specific types of secondary information resources to finding competitive intelligence information on small Internet start-up companies. An additional objective was to identify the characteristics of research strategies applied in the collection of CI on Internet start-ups from the perspective of current conceptual frameworks of information-seeking behaviour presented in the library and information science literature. This study revealed some interesting findings regarding the types of secondary information resources that can be used to find competitive intelligence on small, Internet start-up companies. The study also provided insight into the characteristics of the overall information-seeking strategies that are applied in this type of competitive intelligence research.

  7. The Standardization Method of Address Information for POIs from Internet Based on Positional Relation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WANG Yong

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available As points of interest (POIon the internet, exists widely incomplete addresses and inconsistent literal expressions, a fast standardization processing method of network POIs address information based on spatial constraints was proposed. Based on the model of the extensible address expression, first of all, address information of POI was segmented and extracted. Address elements are updated by means of matching with the address tree layer by layer. Then, by defining four types of positional relations, corresponding set are selected from standard POI library as candidate for enrichment and amendment of non-standard address. At last, the fast standardized processing of POI address information was achieved with the help of backtracking address elements with minimum granularity. Experiments in this paper proved that the standardization processing of an address can be realized by means of this method with higher accuracy in order to build the address database.

  8. INTERNET ETHICS

    OpenAIRE

    Laurentiu Fratila

    2008-01-01

    In our age, Internet is the biggest information network in the world; it consists of a set of heterogeneous networks from over 100 countries displaying huge amounts of virtual resources; it provides facilities such as email, file transmission protocol (ftp), workgroups discussion or chat, information and dissemination of information (www – world wide web). Internet has a major impact over all activity fields: political, social, economic and private life of users, as well. Newly developed, mod...

  9. Internet use and looking up information online in adults with epilepsy varies by epilepsy status--2013 National Health Interview Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Us Centers For Disease Control And Prevention Epilepsy Program

    2016-01-01

    We estimated US national prevalences of Internet use and looking up health information online among adults with epilepsy and those without, overall (age-standardized) and by three age groups (18-44, 45-59, and ≥60years) using the 2013 National Health Interview Survey. Results showed that both overall and across all age groups, a significantly lower percentage of adults with active epilepsy reported using the Internet compared with that of adults without epilepsy. However, among Internet users, the percentage of looking up health information online did not differ by epilepsy status or age. Ensuring access to the Internet and encouraging use of quality, secure, and easy-to-access resources and e-tools might help adults with epilepsy to optimize their self-management and improve their quality of life. PMID:26655448

  10. The Internet as a source of reproductive health information among adolescent girls in an urban city in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nwagwu Williams E

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There exists some research evidence regarding how adolescents utilize the Internet for health information seeking purposes. The purpose of this study is to understand how in-school and out-of-school adolescent girls in Owerri, Nigeria use online resources to meet their reproductive health information needs. The result could be considered very crucial in assessing the potential role of the Internet in providing health information to adolescent girls in a typical Nigerian urban city. Methods A questionnaire was used to collect data from 1011 adolescent girls in selected secondary schools in the communities, and also from 134 out-of-school girls selected from the same communities. Results More than 73% of the girls reported having ever used the Internet; more than 74% and 68% of them being in-school and out-of-school respectively. The in-school girls (43.9% reported having home access more than the out-of-school (5.6% although the out-of-school have used the Internet for finding reproductive and related information more than the in-school. While parents (66.22% and teachers (56.15% are the two sources most used to the in-school girls, friends (63.18% and the Internet (55.19% were reported by the out-of-school youth as the two most used sources of information to them. Conclusion The Internet is not a first choice of source of reproductive health information for both the in-school and out-of-school adolescent girls in Owerri, Nigeria. The source is however, more commonly used by the out-of-school than the in-school, but the in-school have a more favorable assessment of the quality of information they obtain from the Internet.

  11. Analysis of the Quality of Information Obtained About Uterine Artery Embolization From the Internet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The Internet is widely used by patients to source health care–related information. We sought to analyse the quality of information available on the Internet about uterine artery embolization (UAE). Materials and Methods: We searched three major search engines for the phrase “uterine artery embolization” and compiled the top 50 results from each engine. After excluding repeated sites, scientific articles, and links to documents, the remaining 50 sites were assessed using the LIDA instrument, which scores sites across the domains of accessibility, usability, and reliability. The Fleisch reading ease score (FRES) was calculated for each of the sites. Finally, we checked the country of origin and the presence of certification by the Health On the Net Foundation (HONcode) as well as their effect on LIDA and FRES scores.ResultsThe following mean scores were obtained: accessibility 48/60 (80%), usability 42/54 (77%), reliability 20/51 (39%), total LIDA 110/165 (67%), and FRES 42/100 (42%). Nine sites had HONcode certification, and this was associated with significantly greater (p < 0.05) reliability and total LIDA and FRES scores. When comparing sites between United Kingdom and United States, there was marked variation in the quality of results obtained when searching for information on UAE (p < 0.05). Conclusion: In general, sites were well designed and easy to use. However, many scored poorly on the reliability of their information either because they were produced in a non–evidence-based way or because they lacking currency. It is important that patients are guided to reputable, location-specific sources of information online, especially because prominent search engine rank does not guarantee reliability of information.

  12. Analysis of the Quality of Information Obtained About Uterine Artery Embolization From the Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tavare, Aniket N. [British Medical Association House, British Medical Journal Group (United Kingdom); Alsafi, Ali, E-mail: ali.alsafi03@imperial.ac.uk; Hamady, Mohamad S. [St. Mary' s Hospital, Imaging Department (United Kingdom)

    2012-12-15

    Purpose: The Internet is widely used by patients to source health care-related information. We sought to analyse the quality of information available on the Internet about uterine artery embolization (UAE). Materials and Methods: We searched three major search engines for the phrase 'uterine artery embolization' and compiled the top 50 results from each engine. After excluding repeated sites, scientific articles, and links to documents, the remaining 50 sites were assessed using the LIDA instrument, which scores sites across the domains of accessibility, usability, and reliability. The Fleisch reading ease score (FRES) was calculated for each of the sites. Finally, we checked the country of origin and the presence of certification by the Health On the Net Foundation (HONcode) as well as their effect on LIDA and FRES scores.ResultsThe following mean scores were obtained: accessibility 48/60 (80%), usability 42/54 (77%), reliability 20/51 (39%), total LIDA 110/165 (67%), and FRES 42/100 (42%). Nine sites had HONcode certification, and this was associated with significantly greater (p < 0.05) reliability and total LIDA and FRES scores. When comparing sites between United Kingdom and United States, there was marked variation in the quality of results obtained when searching for information on UAE (p < 0.05). Conclusion: In general, sites were well designed and easy to use. However, many scored poorly on the reliability of their information either because they were produced in a non-evidence-based way or because they lacking currency. It is important that patients are guided to reputable, location-specific sources of information online, especially because prominent search engine rank does not guarantee reliability of information.

  13. LEARNIG TO BE INFORMED ON THE INTERNET: ¿ARE STUDENTS EFFECTIVE IN SEEKING AND SELECTING ONLINE INFORMATION?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Hernández Serrano

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available From an educational perspective, taking the Internet as an informational resource for education, the article analyzes the scope of the new information skills in regard to the concepts of literacy and information competence. This brief description of skills leads to the question of how students perform in their searching and selecting practices with online information. The main conclusions abstracted from the recent author’s research are brought to debate in order to respond questions raised about the skills needed to being effective in accessing and managing online information. Finally, since the new ways to locate and operate with the information contributes to the reorganization of both the traditional models of teaching/learning and the roles of the educational stakeholders, we understand that preparing students to meet the informational demands requires of teachers as mediators or facilitators of the informational process; thus, in the final section of the article, a proposal for teaching strategies in searching and selecting online information is explored, by describing several useful activities.

  14. Internet Use Frequency and Patient-Centered Care: Measuring Patient Preferences for Participation Using the Health Information Wants Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Xie, Bo; Wang, Mo; Feldman, Robert; Zhou, Le

    2013-01-01

    Background The Internet is bringing fundamental changes to medical practice through improved access to health information and participation in decision making. However, patient preferences for participation in health care vary greatly. Promoting patient-centered health care requires an understanding of the relationship between Internet use and a broader range of preferences for participation than previously measured. Objective To explore (1) whether there is a significant relationship between...

  15. Consumer Information and Price Discrimination: Does the Internet Affect the Pricing of New Cars to Women and Minorities?

    OpenAIRE

    Fiona Scott Morton; Florian Zettelmeyer; Jorge Silva-Risso

    2001-01-01

    Mediating transactions through the Internet removes important cues that salespeople can use to assess a consumer's willingness to pay. We analyze whether dealers' difficulty in identifying consumer characteristics on the Internet and consumers' ease in finding information affect race and gender discrimination in car retailing. Using a large dataset of transaction prices for new automobiles, the first part of the paper analyzes the relationship between car prices and demographics. We find that...

  16. Just Google It : the processes that occur when pupils are asked to use the Internet to find Information

    OpenAIRE

    Njå, Morten

    2010-01-01

    This thesis observes the processes that occur when pupils are told to use the Internet to find information for a specific school-related task. The term Information Literacy encapsulates these processes well, and put them into two main groups: An information literate person must be able to use modern technology to find relevant information, but must also know how to evaluate this information. These two elements form the basis for the research questions. The first question examines how the pupi...

  17. The Quality of Information about Hip Fractures in Turkish Internet Sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Küçükdurmaz

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Internet has been the most commonly used way to access information now. Patients and their families search information about diseases and treatment methods on web. Our aim is to check the information quality of Turkish language based web sites that mention about hip fractures. Material and Method: We made a search by the word ‘hip fracture’ with three web search engines which are most popular in Turkey. We evaluated the most commonly visited first 10 sites and scored them according to a standard form. Results: Nine of the 30 web sites were include useful information for patients about the subject. The total score was 7.0 (min.:2, max.:14, SD: 4.81 Discussion: The web sites designed in Turkish that contains information about the health topics was found to be inadequate. This incomplete and incorrect information can lead to the users false informed about the topic. In this regard, the development of new sites is needed that can objectively accreditate health-related sites.

  18. Application of internet to the supply of technical information related to thermal power plant generation; Karyoku hatsudensho kankei no gijutsu joho teikyo ni internet wo katsuyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This company has been providing technical information since July 1998 through internet to Tokyo Electric Power. A total of approximately 200 types of improvement/maintenance-related information, useful for maintenance of thermal power generation facilities, have been provided on-line from Toshiba`s Technical Information Library (TTIL), after they are converted into electronic data. This system is aimed at information sharing with customers and differentiation of this company from competitors. The technical information services have been firmly established, because the system has been accessed approximately 2,000 times a month. This company plans to further develop the services by expanding the users and enriching information to be provided. (translated by NEDO)

  19. Oriented-Internet Intelligent Information Query Agent%面向Internet的智能信息查询代理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡华

    2001-01-01

    Internet网络是目前普及和推广最为迅速的信息基础结构。文章根据Internet的特点提出了一种智能信息查询代理的模型,该代理根据用户的需要在Internet上自动搜索组织用户所需要的信息。从而避免了用户对大量无序信息的漫游检索工作。%Internet is one of the most rapidly developping information infrastructure. This paper presents a model of intelligent information query agent based on the specialities of Internet. The agent can automaticlly search and organize the need information from the internet for the user and keep the user from wandering in much unorder information.

  20. Current state and protection problems of information products as author's right subject-matter in the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nahorniak, Halyna Stepanivna

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The state and problems of protection of information products as author's right subject-matter in the Internet as well as imperfect legislation concerning the intellectual property infringement in the Internet are considered in the article. Some promising directions for overcoming infringement of copyright in cyberspace are outlined. The present situation is such that only formal laws exist. But their use is extremely difficult, because information transfer or copy in the network is much easier to use than to apply the traditional laws through the Internet technological basis. Being one of the least comprehensible objects of modern information world, the problem of protection of intellectual property is one of the priority research areas. The purpose of this article is to explore the state and problems of protection of such copyright in the field of intellectual property, as information products (literary works, musical works, audiovisual works, computer programs, artwork, photographs in the Internet and to detect the main causes of the violations. To determine the guidelines for the protection of information products as objects of copyright in the Internet is the main task of this paper.

  1. Evaluation of Coal Mining Safety Management Information Sytem Based on the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu Jianjun

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we put forward three-level indicators and 13 secondary indicators via Delphi method. We improved the new fuzzy synthetic evaluation method from the aspect of coal-mining information management. After a comprehensive evaluation, 72.28% of people believed that security levels of Huaibei Mining Group belonged to good & moderate one, and 27.72% of people held that security status of Group was poor & very poor condition on the basis of comprehensive evaluation. Therefore, security management information system in Huaibei Mining Group belonged to the middle level. By using the new indicators and research method, the countermeasures were given to improve safety management on the basis of the internet of things.    

  2. Utilization and impact of the internet in the field of road information; Internet no doro joho bun`ya eno katsuyo to sono impact

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kajiya, Y. [Hokkaido Development Bureau, Hokkaido Development Agency, Sapporo (Japan)

    1998-05-15

    This paper describes utilization of the internet in the field of road information. The Developing Civil Engineering Research Institute in Hokkaido is experimenting provision of mountain pass information. Climate condition in mountain passes in snowy cold regions is harsh. If site weather condition can be confirmed on a real time basis with picture images from different locations on the internet, one can be sure of his driving into a pass. In a user questionnaire, 94% of the subject answered the system easy in use, or easy to some extent, and 92% said the system serves for safe driving. In order to investigate and discuss information sharing and coordination in road related organizations and the way how proper information is provided to road uses should be, the White Net Experiment Project covering the Sapporo area has opened a home page with access limitation (extra net). Its usefulness was verified that information on snow fall on model roads, road surface freezing, and snow removal work can be shared. It is planned to expand in the future the information on snow hazards in traffic and urban functions into road and traffic controllers, public traffic organizations, local governments, disaster, medical, communication and broadcasting operators. 5 refs., 4 figs.

  3. Internet-based information and foreign direct investment (FDI) location decision making: An information cost perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Kachwamba, Muhajir; Sæbø, Øystein

    2012-01-01

    Information and communication technology (ICT) is considered to play an important role to reduce information cost for potential foreign investors. While a growing body of literature has suggested such connections, conceptual clarity is yet to be achieved. This study introduces a conceptual framework based on the Information-theoretic approach and transaction cost perspective to explore how ICT may reduce information cost. To illustrate our proposed framework, we apply it to examine the role o...

  4. Information Marketing on the Internet%网络环境下的信息市场营销

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈颖

    2001-01-01

    Based on the difference between information commodity and the other commodities, this paper analyzes the feasibility and necessity of marketing information on the Internet. It also probes into some new methods from the angles of product, price, promotion, channel and safety.

  5. Internet Navigation and Information Search Strategies: How Do Children Are Influenced by Their Participation in an Intensive ICT Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badilla Quintana, Maria; Cortada Pujol, Meritxell; Riera Romani, Jordi

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe and analyze the involvement showed by 190 students who participated in an introduction to Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) project, in public schools from Spain. By means of an Internet browsing test, access and information selection processes were afforded. The purpose of the study was to…

  6. Multiple Information Sources and Consequences of Conflicting Information About Medicine Use During Pregnancy: A Multinational Internet-Based Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hämeen-Anttila, Katri; Nordeng, Hedvig; Kokki, Esa; Lupattelli, Angela; Vainio, Kirsti; Enlund, Hannes

    2014-01-01

    Background A wide variety of information sources on medicines is available for pregnant women. When using multiple information sources, there is the risk that information will vary or even conflict. Objective The objective of this multinational study was to analyze the extent to which pregnant women use multiple information sources and the consequences of conflicting information, and to investigate which maternal sociodemographic, lifestyle, and medical factors were associated with these objectives. Methods An anonymous Internet-based questionnaire was made accessible during a period of 2 months, on 1 to 4 Internet websites used by pregnant women in 5 regions (Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Northern Europe, Americas, Australia). A total of 7092 responses were obtained (n=5090 pregnant women; n=2002 women with a child younger than 25 weeks). Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis were used. Results Of the respondents who stated that they needed information, 16.16% (655/4054) used one information source and 83.69% (3393/4054) used multiple information sources. Of respondents who used more than one information source, 22.62% (759/3355) stated that the information was conflicted. According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, factors significantly associated with experiencing conflict in medicine information included being a mother (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.11-1.58), having university (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.09-1.63) or other education (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.09-2.03), residing in Eastern Europe (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.22-1.89) or Australia (OR 2.28, 95% CI 1.42-3.67), use of 3 (OR 1.29, 95% CI 1.04-1.60) or >4 information sources (OR 1.82, 95% CI 1.49-2.23), and having ≥2 chronic diseases (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.18-1.89). Because of conflicting information, 43.61% (331/759) decided not to use medication during pregnancy, 30.30% (230/759) sought a new information source, 32.67% (248/759) chose to rely on one source and ignore the conflicting one, 25.03% (190

  7. 75 FR 21226 - Information Privacy and Innovation in the Internet Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ..., ABI Research Says,'' Internet Retailer, Feb. 16, 2010. \\6\\ Id. In addition to the growth of online... unprecedented growth in productivity over the last decade.\\7\\ More businesses are using the Internet to provide... facilitate the growth of Internet commerce.\\10\\ \\8\\ 47 U.S.C. 902 (noting NTIA has ``the authority to...

  8. Reduced bearing capacity of reservoirs, information to the public via Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pytte Asvall, R. [Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Oslo (Norway)

    2005-07-01

    Changes in river ice conditions in Norway were recognized soon after the introduction of water reservoir for power production purposes nearly 100 years ago. Throughout the last century, 900 reservoirs have been built. It was assumed that the changes in ice conditions were caused by the regulation of lakes and reservoirs, which led to ice and water-temperature investigations. The reservoirs are located in both low and high altitudes. Some are close to inhabited areas and some are in remote mountainous areas. According to regulations, owners of hydroelectric power installations are required to provide compensation for roads and bridges or monetary compensations. Recent changes in ownership of power facilities and their associated reservoirs has caused concern for safety and responsibility issues. The changes in ice conditions were once well known by the local people who used the ice as winter roads. However, local knowledge of ice conditions is becoming scarce. In some regions there are several power plants with drainage areas where the reservoirs are fairly close to each other. According to regulations, information regarding weakened ice must be made available to the population. The Internet offers this information along with changes in water level resulting from increased flow, natural inlets and outlets, artificial inlets and outlets, and tunnels. Ice conditions are also dependent on the increased use of peaking. Worst case scenarios for a winter season can be determine using the NVE-Atlas which is a geographical tool for showing various water themes on digital maps. A map of weakened ice is made available to the public on the Internet. It offers current information regarding ice conditions on lakes in various parts of the country.

  9. The use of interactive graphical maps for browsing medical/health Internet information resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boulos Maged

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract As online information portals accumulate metadata descriptions of Web resources, it becomes necessary to develop effective ways for visualising and navigating the resultant huge metadata repositories as well as the different semantic relationships and attributes of described Web resources. Graphical maps provide a good method to visualise, understand and navigate a world that is too large and complex to be seen directly like the Web. Several examples of maps designed as a navigational aid for Web resources are presented in this review with an emphasis on maps of medical and health-related resources. The latter include HealthCyberMap maps http://healthcybermap.semanticweb.org/, which can be classified as conceptual information space maps, and the very abstract and geometric Visual Net maps of PubMed http://map.net (for demos. Information resources can be also organised and navigated based on their geographic attributes. Some of the maps presented in this review use a Kohonen Self-Organising Map algorithm, and only HealthCyberMap uses a Geographic Information System to classify Web resource data and render the maps. Maps based on familiar metaphors taken from users' everyday life are much easier to understand. Associative and pictorial map icons that enable instant recognition and comprehension are preferred to geometric ones and are key to successful maps for browsing medical/health Internet information resources.

  10. 因特网信息资源评价研究进展%Progress of Research on Evaluation of Internet Information Resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘传和; 王志萍; 何玮

    2003-01-01

    As the information resources on the Internet are large in number, varied in content, uneven in quality and irregular in renewal frequency, the research on the evaluation of the information resources on the Internet is of great significance to the users in selecting, exploiting and utilizing the information resources on the Internet as well as in the construction of the Websites. In this article, the development process of the research on the evaluation of the information resources on the Internet is reviewed. The research on the qualitative and quantitative evaluation indices and methods both at home and abroad is summarized. The trend and problems in the research are discussed.

  11. Potentials and Problems of Internet as a Source of Purchasing Information – Experiences and Attitudes of University Students in Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blaženka Knežević

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Gathering information online prior to offline purchase became the com - mon way of using Internet within student population. On the other hand, there are more and more Internet users and online shoppers at all Central European Countries. In the CEE region companies are searching the way how to approach students as a target group via their web sites. The purpose of this research was to explain (1 how student population in Croatia use Internet as a tool for gathering information on products and services and (2 to assess perceived problems and potential of Internet as a retail information source. The paper is based on a primary research – a survey on attitudes of Croatian students towards Internet and online shopping. Results are analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical method. Discussion of the results brings us to conclusions that there are statistically different attitudes among groups according to gender and according previous experience with the on-line shopping. For illustration: (a males and females differ in assortment that they are choosing and buying online, (b male students have a more positive attitude towards online shopping benefits than female students, and (c online shoppers have more positive attitudes towards security issues than non-online shoppers.

  12. Recherche d'information sur Internet par algorithmes évolutionnaires

    OpenAIRE

    Picarougne, Fabien

    2004-01-01

    Dans ce travail de thèse, nous présentons le problème de recherche d'information sur Internet et plus généralement de veille stratégique. Nous remarquons généralement qu'il est nécessaire de passer beaucoup de temps à analyser les résultats fournis par les moteurs de recherche traditionnels afin d'obtenir une réponse satisfaisante. Dans cette thèse, nous avons donc développé un outil de recherche automatique basé sur une stratégie de recherche évolutionnaire. Cet outil explore les pages Web e...

  13. Direct-to-consumer Internet promotion of robotic prostatectomy exhibits varying quality of information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirkin, Joshua N; Lowrance, William T; Feifer, Andrew H; Mulhall, John P; Eastham, James E; Elkin, Elena B

    2012-04-01

    Robotic surgery to remove a cancerous prostate has become a popular treatment. Internet marketing of this surgery provides an intriguing case study of direct-to-consumer promotions of medical devices, which are more loosely regulated than pharmaceutical promotions. We investigated whether the claims made in online promotions of robotic prostatectomy were consistent with evidence from comparative effectiveness studies. After performing a search and cross-sectional analysis of websites that mentioned the procedure, we found that many sites claimed benefits that were unsupported by evidence and that 42 percent of the sites failed to mention risks. Most sites were published by hospitals and physicians, which the public may regard as more objective than pages published by manufacturers. Unbalanced information may inappropriately raise patients' expectations. Increasing enforcement and regulation of online promotions may be beyond the capabilities of federal authorities. Thus, the most feasible solution may be for the government and medical societies to promote the production of balanced educational material. PMID:22492893

  14. Direct-To-Consumer Internet Promotion Of Robotic Prostatectomy Exhibits Varying Quality Of Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirkin, Joshua N.; Lowrance, William T.; Feifer, Andrew H.; Mulhall, John P.; Eastham, James E.; Elkin, Elena B.

    2013-01-01

    Robotic surgery to remove a cancerous prostate has become a popular treatment. Internet marketing of this surgery provides an intriguing case study of direct-to-consumer promotions of medical devices, which are more loosely regulated than pharmaceutical promotions. We investigated whether the claims made in online promotions of robotic prostatectomy were consistent with evidence from comparative effectiveness studies. After performing a search and crosssectional analysis of websites that mentioned the procedure, we found that many sites claimed benefits that were unsupported by evidence and that 42 percent of the sites failed to mention risks. Most sites were published by hospitals and physicians, which the public may regard as more objective than pages published by manufacturers. Unbalanced information may inappropriately raise patients’ expectations. Increasing enforcement and regulation of online promotions may be beyond the capabilities of federal authorities. Thus, the most feasible solution may be for the government and medical societies to promote the production of balanced educational material. PMID:22492893

  15. Information about oral cancer on the Internet: our patients cannot understand it.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varela-Centelles, P; Ledesma-Ludi, Y; Seoane-Romero, J M; Seoane, J

    2015-04-01

    Although information about cancer on the Internet can be beneficial to patients and physicians, to our knowledge, comprehension by patients has not been investigated. We used 3 search engines to select websites on oral cancer then assessed their readability using the Flesch-Kinkaid Reading Grade Level, Flesch Reading Ease Score, Gunning Fog Index, Coleman-Liau Index, Automated Readability Index, and the Simple Measure of Gobbledygook Index (SMOG). The mean scores for readability were within the range of "difficult to read" (FRES=36.04 (14.87)) with high educational requirements (FKRGL=11.44 (3.27)). This could hamper comprehension and is particularly worrying given the high percentage of people who have poor levels of literacy. PMID:25703184

  16. What Are Your Patients Reading Online About Soft-tissue Fillers? An Analysis of Internet Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Youha, Sarah A.; Bull, Courtney E.; Butler, Michael B.; Williams, Jason G.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Soft-tissue fillers are increasingly being used for noninvasive facial rejuvenation. They generally offer minimal downtime and reliable results. However, significant complications are reported and patients need to be aware of these as part of informed consent. The Internet serves as a vital resource to inform patients of the risks and benefits of this procedure. Methods: Three independent reviewers performed a structured analysis of 65 Websites providing information on soft-tissue fillers. Validated instruments were used to analyze each site across multiple domains, including readability, accessibility, reliability, usability, quality, and accuracy. Associations between the endpoints and Website characteristics were assessed using linear regression and proportional odds modeling. Results: The majority of Websites were physician private practice sites (36.9%) and authored by board-certified plastic surgeons or dermatologists (35.4%) or nonphysicians (27.7%). Sites had a mean Flesch-Kincaid grade level of 11.9 ± 2.6, which is well above the recommended average of 6 to 7 grade level. Physician private practice sites had the lowest scores across all domains with a notable lack of information on complications. Conversely, Websites of professional societies focused in plastic surgery and dermatology, as well as academic centers scored highest overall. Conclusions: As the use of soft-tissue fillers is rising, patients should be guided toward appropriate sources of information such as Websites sponsored by professional societies. Medical professionals should be aware that patients may be accessing poor information online and strive to improve the overall quality of information available on soft-tissue fillers.

  17. Information system base environment in internet age: C Solution{sub TM} Webtop platform; Internet jidai no joho system kiban kankyo: C Solution{sub TM} Webtop platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The information system (Web base system) on internet using WWW (World Wide Web) technology is expected to spread in various fields. As C Solution{sub TM}, a Webtop platform was developed which is the base environment for building the Web base system, a system having high reliability and high performance as well as being expandable and connectible to an existing system, with the application in progress to business systems for customers. The Webtop platform has been widely applied to various businesses and operations such as an order entry system for manufacturers and a history control system for local banks. (translated by NEDO)

  18. How has the flu virus infected the Web? 2010 influenza and vaccine information available on the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Covolo, Loredana; Mascaretti, Silvia; Caruana, Anna; Orizio, Grazia; Caimi, Luigi; Gelatti, Umberto

    2013-01-01

    Background The 2009–10 influenza pandemic was a major public health concern. Vaccination was recommended by the health authorities, but compliance was not optimal and perception of the presumed associated risks was high among the public. The Internet is increasingly being used as a source of health information and advice. The aim of the study was to investigate the characteristics of websites providing information about flu vaccine and the quality of the information provided. Methods Website ...

  19. Teaching skills for accessing and interpreting information from systematic reviews/meta-analyses, practice guidelines, and the Internet.

    OpenAIRE

    Wolf, F. M.; Miller, J. G.; Gruppen, L D; Ensminger, W. D.

    1997-01-01

    Skills and practice related to accessing and interpreting clinical information from systematic reviews/meta-analyses, practice guidelines, and the Internet have been integrated into a new senior year elective designed to teach medical students how to critically appraise information from a variety of sources and evaluate it's applicability to patient care. Small groups of senior medical students under the direction of a multidisciplinary team (behavioral scientist, information specialist, phys...

  20. Parenthood, information and support on the internet. A literature review of research on parents and professionals online

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daneback Kristian

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this article was to address questions on how parents use the internet to find information and support regarding children, health and family life. Another aim was to find out how professionals use the internet to provide support and information to parents. This was done by a literature review. Methods Articles were searched for in five databases with a search strategy called "building block" approach. Results The review showed that the majority of today's parents search for both information and social support on the internet. However, there are considerable differences due to gender, age and socio-economic differences. First time middle class mothers aged 30–35 are most active in looking up health and parent information on the internet. In the same time, several studies report diminishing class differences on parent web sites. An important reason to the increasing number of parents who turn to the internet for information and interaction has shown to be the weakened support many of today's parents experience from their own parents, relatives and friends. Professionals have recognized the parents' great interest for going online and offer both information and support on the net. Conclusion Many benefits are reported, for example the possibility to reach out to a wider audience and to increase access to organisations without an increase in costs. Other benefits include the possibility for parents to remain anonymous in their contacts with professionals and that parents' perceived need for information can be effectively met around the clock. Interventions for wider groups of parents, such as parent training on the net, are still very rare and more research is needed to evaluate different types of interventions on the net. However, most studies were empirical and lacked theoretical frameworks which leave questions on how we can more fully understand this phenomenon unanswered.

  1. Visualizing Information in the Biological Sciences: Using WebTheme to Visualize Internet Search Results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buxton, Karen A.; Lembo, Mary Frances

    2003-08-11

    Information visualization is an effective method for displaying large data sets in a pictorial or graphical format. The visualization aids researchers and analysts in understanding data by evaluating the content and grouping documents together around themes and concepts. With the ever-growing amount of information available on the Internet, additional methods are needed to analyze and interpret data. WebTheme allows users to harvest thousands of web pages and automatically organize and visualize their contents. WebTheme is an interactive web-based product that provides a new way to investigate and understand large volumes of HTML text-based information. It has the ability to harvest data from the World Wide Web using search terms and selected search engines or by following URLs chosen by the user. WebTheme enables users to rapidly identify themes and concepts found among thousands of pages of text harvested and provides a suite of tools to further explore and analyze special areas of interest within a data set. WebTheme was developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for NASA as a method for generating meaningful, thematic, and interactive visualizations. Through a collaboration with the Laboratory's Information Science and Engineering (IS&E) group, information specialists are providing demonstrations of WebTheme and assisting researchers in analyzing their results. This paper will provide a brief overview of the WebTheme product, and the ways in which the Hanford Technical Library's information specialists are assisting researchers in using this product.

  2. Le Web et ses outils d’orientation. Comment mieux appréhender l’information disponible sur l’Internet par l’analyse des citations ?

    OpenAIRE

    Rostaing, Hervé

    2001-01-01

    The Web and its tools of orientation: how better to understand the information available on the Internet by the analysis of references? In the incessant and chaotic frenzy of the Internet, suitable tools and techniques are urgently required for use by information professionals. The Internet has become a leading venue for communication among researchers, both scientists and other scholars. The role of mediation for these professionals has never been so important, owing to the actual deficienci...

  3. The Internet versus pediatricians as a source of infant teething information for parents in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haznedaroglu, Eda; Mentes, Ali

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Parents are increasingly searching the Internet to gather information about their children’s health care. This study compared infant teething information obtained from publically employed pediatricians in Istanbul with that obtained from different Turkish websites (parenting, health, professional, news and commercial). METHODS: This study had two parts. The first part used a descriptive design, with two checklists to assess the quality and comprehensiveness of the teething-specific content on 62 parenting or health websites. The second part was a cross-sectional study of 75 pediatricians at public hospitals who completed a structured self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: In total, 54 websites (87.1%) described infant teething as a normal developmental process. The lists that were found on the websites identified the most frequent signs of infant teething as fever and drooling/perioral rash. The most frequent management strategies were chewing non-chilled and chilled objects. For teething problems, some pediatricians recommended teething rings and oral benzocaine, while 23 pediatricians recommended nothing. CONCLUSIONS: Parents should be informed by health professionals, especially regarding specific treatment strategies.

  4. Using Internet Search Engines to Obtain Medical Information: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liupu; Wang, Juexin; Wang, Michael; Li, Yong; Liang, Yanchun

    2012-01-01

    Background The Internet has become one of the most important means to obtain health and medical information. It is often the first step in checking for basic information about a disease and its treatment. The search results are often useful to general users. Various search engines such as Google, Yahoo!, Bing, and Ask.com can play an important role in obtaining medical information for both medical professionals and lay people. However, the usability and effectiveness of various search engines for medical information have not been comprehensively compared and evaluated. Objective To compare major Internet search engines in their usability of obtaining medical and health information. Methods We applied usability testing as a software engineering technique and a standard industry practice to compare the four major search engines (Google, Yahoo!, Bing, and Ask.com) in obtaining health and medical information. For this purpose, we searched the keyword breast cancer in Google, Yahoo!, Bing, and Ask.com and saved the results of the top 200 links from each search engine. We combined nonredundant links from the four search engines and gave them to volunteer users in an alphabetical order. The volunteer users evaluated the websites and scored each website from 0 to 10 (lowest to highest) based on the usefulness of the content relevant to breast cancer. A medical expert identified six well-known websites related to breast cancer in advance as standards. We also used five keywords associated with breast cancer defined in the latest release of Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) and analyzed their occurrence in the websites. Results Each search engine provided rich information related to breast cancer in the search results. All six standard websites were among the top 30 in search results of all four search engines. Google had the best search validity (in terms of whether a website could be opened), followed by Bing, Ask.com, and Yahoo!. The search

  5. Information Technology in Malaysia: E - service quality and Uptake of Internet banking

    OpenAIRE

    Murali Raman; Richard Stephen a us; Nafis Alam; Mudiarasan Kuppusamy

    2008-01-01

    I nternet banking is one of the most popular services utilized by the Malaysian retail banking customers in recent years. Despite its attractiveness, studies have shown that the quality of e - services is core a issue that influences adoption of Internet banki ng services worldwide. The objective of this study is to evaluate consumer perceptions on quality of e - services and Internet banking adoption in Malaysia. Results show that Internet banking users ...

  6. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Technology as a Global Learning Tool: Information Systems Success and Control Belief Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Charlie C.; Vannoy, Sandra

    2013-01-01

    Voice over Internet Protocol- (VoIP) enabled online learning service providers struggling with high attrition rates and low customer loyalty issues despite VoIP's high degree of system fit for online global learning applications. Effective solutions to this prevalent problem rely on the understanding of system quality, information quality, and…

  7. High School Students' Use of Paper-Based and Internet-Based Information Sources in the Engineering Design Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieper, Jon; Mentzer, Nathan

    2013-01-01

    Mentzer and Becker (2011) and Becker and Mentzer (2012) demonstrated that high school students engaged in engineering design problems spent more time accessing information and spent more time designing when provided with Internet access. They studied high school students engaged in an engineering design challenge. The two studies attempted to…

  8. Using the Internet as a Classroom Information and Image Resource for the Development of a Television Advertising Campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Michael

    This report describes the use of the Internet as an image and information resource in an introductory television and radio production class (COMM 223: Principles of Radio and Television Production) at Western Illinois University. The report states that the class's two lab sections spent the first half of the semester preparing a television…

  9. Information Technology in Malaysia: E - service quality and Uptake of Internet banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murali Raman

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available I nternet banking is one of the most popular services utilized by the Malaysian retail banking customers in recent years. Despite its attractiveness, studies have shown that the quality of e - services is core a issue that influences adoption of Internet banki ng services worldwide. The objective of this study is to evaluate consumer perceptions on quality of e - services and Internet banking adoption in Malaysia. Results show that Internet banking users and non - users have different expectation towards e - service q uality preferences. The implications are discussed and recommendations are made in order to improve Internet banking service quality in Malaysia

  10. Radiology and the Internet: A systematic review of patient information resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AIM: To determine whether the internet is a useful resource for patients seeking information on radiological procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the world wide web was performed by means of four general search engines (AltaVista, Yahoo!, Infoseek and Excite). Twenty-eight suitable patient-directed websites on arteriography were identified for analysis. The value of this material was measured by establishing inclusion or exclusion of a number of factors relating to the procedure. Readability of the materials was evaluated using the Flesch reading ease score. RESULTS: Advice on preparation was included in 21 (75%) sites. Contraindications were found in 16 (57%) sites, risks in 6 (21%) and aftercare in 25 (89%). Result availability was discussed in 15 (54%) sites, with links to other radiology sites in 13 (46%). Visual aids were used in 6 (21%) sites and a contact address found in 27 (96%). Mean Flesch reading ease score was 57, with 46% of sites below the preferred minimum of 60. CONCLUSIONS: Few sites provide the range of information a patient needs before arriving for a procedure. In addition, the readability of the material on these sites is frequently set at a level incomprehensible to patients with lower levels of literacy. Smart, J.M. and Burling, D. (2001)

  11. Radiology and the Internet: A systematic review of patient information resources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smart, James M.; Burling, David

    2001-11-01

    AIM: To determine whether the internet is a useful resource for patients seeking information on radiological procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the world wide web was performed by means of four general search engines (AltaVista, Yahoo{exclamation_point}, Infoseek and Excite). Twenty-eight suitable patient-directed websites on arteriography were identified for analysis. The value of this material was measured by establishing inclusion or exclusion of a number of factors relating to the procedure. Readability of the materials was evaluated using the Flesch reading ease score. RESULTS: Advice on preparation was included in 21 (75%) sites. Contraindications were found in 16 (57%) sites, risks in 6 (21%) and aftercare in 25 (89%). Result availability was discussed in 15 (54%) sites, with links to other radiology sites in 13 (46%). Visual aids were used in 6 (21%) sites and a contact address found in 27 (96%). Mean Flesch reading ease score was 57, with 46% of sites below the preferred minimum of 60. CONCLUSIONS: Few sites provide the range of information a patient needs before arriving for a procedure. In addition, the readability of the material on these sites is frequently set at a level incomprehensible to patients with lower levels of literacy. Smart, J.M. and Burling, D. (2001)

  12. Internet上农业信息资源的获取%Obtaining Agricultural Information Resources on Internet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董开居

    2011-01-01

    互联网的发展使广大农业工作者利用Internet获取信息资源成为了可能。互联网上获取农业信息资源的主要方法:利用搜索引擎检索、利用数据库检索、登录虚拟图书馆、参加论坛、参与电子邮件群和QQ群、登录农业站点等。介绍了Internet上农业信息资源的获取方法,并列出了Internet上农业信息资源的主要站点。%With the Internet development,it's become a possible that the majority of agricultural workers obtain informational resources by using Internet.The main methods to obtain the resources of agricultural information on Internet was analyzed,including retrieval by the search engine,retrieval by the database,login to the virtual library,joining the forum,joining the email or QQ group and login to the agricultural website.Through these methods,agricultural workers can obtain plentiful resources of agricultural information.This paper introduced some useful methods and listed the main websites on Internet.

  13. Searching Scientific Information on the Internet: A Dutch Academic User Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voorbij, Henk J.

    1999-01-01

    This study examined the use and perceived importance of the Internet among students and faculty in the Netherlands through questionnaires and focus-group interviews. Highlights include electronic journals, learning to use the Internet, search engines, needed library support, and problems with subject searching. A copy of the questionnaire is…

  14. Internet-Specific Epistemic Beliefs and Self-Regulated Learning in Online Academic Information Searching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Yen-Lin; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung

    2013-01-01

    Epistemic beliefs have been considered as important components of the self-regulatory model; however, their relationships with self-regulated learning processes in the Internet context need further research. The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between Internet-specific epistemic belief dimensions and self-regulated…

  15. Information Technologies as Health Management Tools: Urban Elders' Interest and Ability in Using the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cresci, M. Kay; Novak, Julie M.

    2012-01-01

    Older adults represent an increasing percentage of both the whole U.S. population and persons living with one or more chronic health conditions. However, extant research has largely overlooked older adults when examining current Internet users and the potential for the Internet as a health management resource. In this study, the researchers…

  16. Development of internet-based information systems using software components with the emphasis on the application in the military organization

    OpenAIRE

    Miloš J. Pejanović

    2011-01-01

    The development of personal computers and Internet technology causes continuous changes in methodological approaches and concepts of development of information systems. Most existing information systems, due to their heterogeneity, have a problem of integration of subsystems. In order to overcome this problem, software vendors offer different solutions. In this work we explore different approaches and propose an optimal way, with a special emphasis on its application in the military organizat...

  17. The Importance of Information Security for Financial Institutions and Proposed Countermeasures --With a Focus on Internet-Based Financial Services--

    OpenAIRE

    Bank of Japan

    2000-01-01

    In recent years, the development of information technology (IT) has brought with it a rapid increase in the use of open network systems, as typified by the Internet, to provide financial services. Concurrently, proper management of information security risks such as the risk of service interruptions, theft or alteration of data, impersonation and other events resulting from unauthorized access to the computer system is rapidly becoming critical. If these risks should occur and cause unauthori...

  18. Use of the Internet as a Health Information Resource Among French Young Adults: Results From a Nationally Representative Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard, Jean-Baptiste; Nguyen-Thanh, Viet; Montagni, Ilaria; Parizot, Isabelle; Renahy, Emilie

    2014-01-01

    Background The Internet is one of the main resources of health information especially for young adults, but website content is not always trustworthy or validated. Little is known about this specific population and the importance of online health searches for use and impact. It is fundamental to assess behaviors and attitudes of young people looking for online health-related information and their level of trust in such information. Objective The objective is to describe the characteristics of Internet users aged 15-30 years who use the Web as a health information resource and their trust in it, and to define the context and the effect of such use on French young adults’ behavior in relation to their medical consultations. Methods We used the French Health Barometer 2010, a nationally representative survey of 27,653 individuals that investigates population health behaviors and concerns. Multivariate logistic regressions were performed using a subsample of 1052 young adults aged 15-30 years to estimate associations between demographics, socioeconomic, and health status and (1) the use of the Internet to search for health information, and (2) its impact on health behaviors and the physician-patient relationship. Results In 2010, 48.5% (474/977) of Web users aged 15-30 years used the Internet for health purposes. Those who did not use the Internet for health purposes reported being informed enough by other sources (75.0%, 377/503), stated they preferred seeing a doctor (74.1%, 373/503) or did not trust the information on the Internet (67.2%, 338/503). However, approximately 80% (371/474) of young online health seekers considered the information found online reliable. Women (P<.001) and people with higher sociocultural positions (OR 0.5, 95% CI 0.3-0.9 and OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.2-0.7 for employees and manual workers, respectively, vs individuals with executive or manager positions) were more likely to use the Internet for health purposes. For a subsample of women only

  19. Internet Anxiety in Information Search Process among Graduate Students at Ferdowsi and Birjand Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Narmanji

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available   The respondents of the present study were drawn from the graduate students at Masters level whose dissertation proposals have been approved by the Graduate Education Council at either universities by the beginning of 2009. A questionnaire was used as primary data collection instrument. 236 students were given the questionnaire, to which 156 responded. Reviewing the level of internet anxiety among the respondents illustrated that the majority (82.1% had less than average (score 60 internet anxiety. Nevertheless the sample studied furnished a normal distribution of scores. A significant difference was observed between mean internet anxiety scores and average internet anxiety score (60. It was indicated that the anxiety level in the population was less than average, although there was no significant difference among mean internet anxiety score among female and male students as well as students from various disciplines .

  20. Internet Censorship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jyotsna; Kapil; Aayush

    2012-09-01

    Censorship on Internet has always wet its hands in the water of controversies, It is said to go in with synonym of "FILTERING THE NET" i.e. Either done to protect minors or for nationís privacy, some take it as snatching their freedom over internet and some take it as an appropriate step to protect minor, It has its supporters as well as opponents.Google has reported a whooping number of requests from Governments of U.K, China, Poland, Spain, and Canada to remove videos and search links that led to harassment, sensitive issues or suspicious people. This paper deals with the cons of censorship on internet and to make people aware of the fact that Internet is not a single body owned by an org. but an open sky of information shared equally by all. Research done has found out many unseen aspects of different people's view point.

  1. Feedback from users of energy efficiency information on the Internet: Analysis of the US CADDET home page

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, M.A.; Voss, M.K.

    1996-03-01

    This paper describes the US experience to date with providing energy efficiency information from the Center for the Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated Energy Technologies (CADDET) on the Internet. The paper begins by describing the way that information is displayed in the US CADDET home page system. Statistics are then provided on numbers and types of users of the home page. Next we describe the frequency with which different types of CADDET information have been accessed and summarize the feedback provided by users. Drawing on this experience with the US CADDET home page system, the authors conclude that energy efficiency information systems on the World Wide Web can contribute significantly to the goals of CADDET and other information outreach programs. However, to reach a wider range of audiences, Internet systems need to be supplemented by other dissemination efforts aimed at reaching individuals in countries and organizations that are not currently using Internet services. In addition, more personal and customized information sources are needed to provide users with the types of assistance guidance that may be required to translate knowledge of a technology`s technical financial performance, into a decision to adopt the technology.

  2. Causes of Internet Addiction Disorder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The Internet Addiction Disorder diagnostic manual approved by psychologists on November 8 divides Internet addiction into five categories,which are addiction to online games,pornography,social networking,Internet information and Internetshopping.

  3. The IAEA's WorldAtom Internet site: International news and information services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) provides news and public information services via the Internet through its WorldAtom home page. The page is accessible at www.iaea.org/worldatom. Following are brief highlights of the items available on the site by clicking Press Centre, Reference Centre, or other links: Daily Press Review: Summaries of selected news items pertaining to global nuclear developments and the IAEA's work are provided each day, drawing upon a wide range of global media sources. IAEA NewsBriefs: Regularly featured are updates about IAEA activities related to areas of safety, technology transfer, and nuclear safeguards. Meetings and training courses: News about IAEA-sponsored symposia, seminars, and other meetings, as well as information about international meetings on atomic energy sponsored by other organizations, are updated on a daily basis. Press releases and statements: All IAEA press releases and media advisories since 1995 are accessible on the site. Topical and feature pages: In-depth coverage and links to information resources within and outside the IAEA are regularly given to selected topics of high international interest involving the IAEA. IAEA publications: listings and overviews of IAEA technical reports, safety standards, and other publications are updated as they are issued. Scientific and technical information: WorldAtom includes links (Reference Centre) to the International Nuclear Information System, IAEA's extensive bibliographic database of references and resources, to the nuclear database, and to departmental pages at IAEA that focus on IAEA programs and activities. IAEA documents: Electronic versions of official IAEA documents are added as they are issued. These documents include the texts and status lists of international conventions under IAEA auspices; IAEA information circulars to member states; IAEA annual reports (since 1995); and background reports and documents for the IAEA General Conference related to

  4. The IAEA's WorldAtom Internet site: International news and information services

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kyd, D.R.

    2000-07-01

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) provides news and public information services via the Internet through its WorldAtom home page. The page is accessible at www.iaea.org/worldatom. Following are brief highlights of the items available on the site by clicking Press Centre, Reference Centre, or other links: Daily Press Review: Summaries of selected news items pertaining to global nuclear developments and the IAEA's work are provided each day, drawing upon a wide range of global media sources. IAEA NewsBriefs: Regularly featured are updates about IAEA activities related to areas of safety, technology transfer, and nuclear safeguards. Meetings and training courses: News about IAEA-sponsored symposia, seminars, and other meetings, as well as information about international meetings on atomic energy sponsored by other organizations, are updated on a daily basis. Press releases and statements: All IAEA press releases and media advisories since 1995 are accessible on the site. Topical and feature pages: In-depth coverage and links to information resources within and outside the IAEA are regularly given to selected topics of high international interest involving the IAEA. IAEA publications: listings and overviews of IAEA technical reports, safety standards, and other publications are updated as they are issued. Scientific and technical information: WorldAtom includes links (Reference Centre) to the International Nuclear Information System, IAEA's extensive bibliographic database of references and resources, to the nuclear database, and to departmental pages at IAEA that focus on IAEA programs and activities. IAEA documents: Electronic versions of official IAEA documents are added as they are issued. These documents include the texts and status lists of international conventions under IAEA auspices; IAEA information circulars to member states; IAEA annual reports (since 1995); and background reports and documents for the IAEA General Conference related

  5. Information Services and the Internet in Turkey: Basic Issues and Policy Development Türkiye'de Bilgi Hizmetleri ve Internet: Temel Sorunlar ve Politika Geliştirme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaşar Tonta

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available A sound data communications infrastructure and the availability of information sources in digital formats are of the two basic requirements for the provision of library and information services over the Internet. Policies to be developed in this area are closely associated with how it is, and using what sources, that those requirements are satisfied. This paper deals with the networked library and information policies from the viewpoints of both technology and "contents", reviews the studies in Turkey in thiscontext and offers some recommendations. Bir ülkede Internet aracılığıyla kütüphane ve bilgi hizmetlerinin verilebilmesi için sağlam bir veri iletişim alt yapısının kurulmuş olması ve ağ aracılığıyla iletilecek bilgilerin elektronik ortamda bulunması gerekmektedir. Bu alanda geliştirilecek politikalar bu iki temel koşulun nasıl ve hangi kaynaklar kullanılarak yerine getirileceği ile yakından ilişkilidir. Bu makalede ağ aracılığıyla bilgi hizmetleri verme politikası hem teknolojik açıdan hem de "içerik" açısından ele alınmakta, Türkiye'deki çalışmalar kısaca gözden geçirilmekte ve bazı önerilerde bulunulmaktadır.

  6. Use and Perceptions of the Internet for Sexual Information and Partners: A Study of Young Men who Have Sex with Men

    OpenAIRE

    Kubicek, Katrina; Carpineto, Julie; McDavitt, Bryce; Weiss, George; Kipke, Michele D.

    2010-01-01

    The Internet has opened many doors with its accessibility to information, entertainment and web-based communities. For young men who have sex with men (YMSM), the Internet can provide access to information on relevant sexual behavior and health information, stories from other men about relationship issues, and a venue for locating potential sexual and dating partners. Understanding YMSM’s motivations for going online for information, advice or sexual relationships, is important as the Interne...

  7. SPECIAL EDUCATION ON THE INTERNET: BLOGS AS RESOURCES OF (INFORMAL TEACHER TRAINING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Alias Rios

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, technologies are increasingly present in people's daily lives, resulting in a change in the speed of transmission of information, in the way the communication happens, interaction among people, and also in professional training. In this context, we can highlight the blogs, which are a kind of online diary used for communication and interaction among people of different ages, interests and professions. From internet searches, it is noticed that blogs are often used by teachers. In this perspective, this study aimed to analyze and describe what teachers publish in their blogs about Special Education, and if these contents are related to the training of these professionals. For this, searches were conducted from a search website, by using the descriptor "special education." As a sample, we selected ten pages, Brazilian and Portuguese ones. It was drawn a profile of teacher-blogger and analyzed the contents of the postings. It can be concluded that teachers-bloggers have, in some way, relation to Special Education. The posts could be categorized into four areas and, after analysis; it was possible to conclude that blogs are a space that contribute directly to the formation of these teachers.

  8. INTERNET and information about nuclear sciences. The world wide web virtual library: nuclear sciences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work author proposes to constitute new virtual library which should centralize the information from nuclear disciplines on the INTERNET, in order to them to give first and foremost the connection on the most important links in set nuclear sciences. The author has entitled this new virtual library The World Wide Web Library: Nuclear Sciences. By constitution of this virtual library next basic principles were chosen: home pages of international organizations important from point of view of nuclear disciplines; home pages of the National Nuclear Commissions and governments; home pages of nuclear scientific societies; web-pages specialized on nuclear problematic, in general; periodical tables of elements and isotopes; web-pages aimed on Chernobyl crash and consequences; web-pages with antinuclear aim. Now continue the links grouped on web-pages according to single nuclear areas: nuclear arsenals; nuclear astrophysics; nuclear aspects of biology (radiobiology); nuclear chemistry; nuclear company; nuclear data centres; nuclear energy; nuclear energy, environmental aspects of (radioecology); nuclear energy info centres; nuclear engineering; nuclear industries; nuclear magnetic resonance; nuclear material monitoring; nuclear medicine and radiology; nuclear physics; nuclear power (plants); nuclear reactors; nuclear risk; nuclear technologies and defence; nuclear testing; nuclear tourism; nuclear wastes; nuclear wastes. In these single groups web-links will be concentrated into following groups: virtual libraries and specialized servers; science; nuclear societies; nuclear departments of the academic institutes; nuclear research institutes and laboratories; centres, info links

  9. Parental use of the Internet to seek health information and primary care utilisation for their child: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Migeot Virginie

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Using the Internet to seek health information is becoming more common. Its consequences on health care utilisation are hardly known in the general population, in particular among children whose parents seek health information on the Internet. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between parental use of the Internet to seek health information and primary care utilisation for their child. Methods This cross-sectional survey has been carried out in a population of parents of pre-school children in France. The main outcome measure was the self-reported number of primary care consultations for the child, according to parental use of the Internet to seek health information, adjusted for the characteristics of the parents and their child respectively, and parental use of other health information sources. Results A total of 1 068 out of 2 197 questionnaires were returned (response rate of 49%. No association was found between parental use of the Internet to seek health information and the number of consultations within the last 12 months for their child. Variables related to the number of primary care consultations were characteristics of the child (age, medical conditions, homeopathic treatment, parental characteristics (occupation, income, stress level and consultation of other health information sources (advice from pharmacist, relatives. Conclusion We did not find any relationship between parental use of the Internet to seek health information and primary care utilisation for children. The Internet seems to be used as a supplement to health services rather than as a replacement.

  10. Can Consumers Trust Web-Based Information About Celiac Disease? Accuracy, Comprehensiveness, Transparency, and Readability of Information on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNally, Shawna L; Donohue, Michael C; Newton, Kimberly P; Ogletree, Sandra P; Conner, Kristen K; Ingegneri, Sarah E

    2012-01-01

    Background Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that affects approximately 1% of the US population. Disease is characterized by damage to the small intestinal lining and malabsorption of nutrients. Celiac disease is activated in genetically susceptible individuals by dietary exposure to gluten in wheat and gluten-like proteins in rye and barley. Symptoms are diverse and include gastrointestinal and extraintestinal manifestations. Treatment requires strict adherence to a gluten-free diet. The Internet is a major source of health information about celiac disease. Nonetheless, information about celiac disease that is available on various websites often is questioned by patients and other health care professionals regarding its reliability and content. Objectives To determine the accuracy, comprehensiveness, transparency, and readability of information on 100 of the most widely accessed websites that provide information on celiac disease. Methods Using the search term celiac disease, we analyzed 100 of the top English-language websites published by academic, commercial, nonprofit, and other professional (nonacademic) sources for accuracy, comprehensiveness, transparency, and reading grade level. Each site was assessed independently by 3 reviewers. Website accuracy and comprehensiveness were probed independently using a set of objective core information about celiac disease. We used 19 general criteria to assess website transparency. Website readability was determined by the Flesch-Kincaid reading grade level. Results for each parameter were analyzed independently. In addition, we weighted and combined parameters to generate an overall score, termed website quality. Results We included 98 websites in the final analysis. Of these, 47 (48%) provided specific information about celiac disease that was less than 95% accurate (ie, the predetermined cut-off considered a minimum acceptable level of accuracy). Independent of whether the information posted was accurate, 51 of

  11. REGLES DE RECHERCE D\\'INFORMATION SUR L\\'INTERNET: SIMULATION AGENTS INTELLIGENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorin Militaru

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Les agents de recherche disponibles sur l’Internet sont des outils permettant aux consommateurs de comparer les prix d’un produit proposé par différents vendeurs. Les agents existants basent leur recherche sur une liste prédéfinie de vendeurs ŕ consulter, autrement dit, ils utilisent une rčgle de recherche avec une taille d’échantillon fixe (agent de recherche FSS. Toutefois, dans le futur, avec la mise en place de nouveaux systčmes de tarification des communications sur le réseau, cette rčgle de recherche est susceptible d’évoluer vers d’autres rčgles plus flexibles permettrant aux agents de faire un arbitrage entre les coűts de communication et le prix trouvé. Dans ce cadre, la rčgle de recherche séquentielle optimale (agent de recherche RP est une alternative possible. Néanmoins, son adoption va dépendre fortement de ses performances espérées. Dans cet article, nous analysons les performances relatives d’agents RP et FSS sur un marché oů l’accčs ŕ l’information est coűteux. A l’équilibre théorique du marché, nous montrons que les agents de recherche RP permettent toujours aux consommateurs de payer des coűts totaux moins élevés. Dans un second temps, nous testons la robustesse de ce résultat théorique en simulant un marché sur lequel les agents de recherche RP et les vendeurs n’ont qu’une information partielle sur sa structure.

  12. Public health information and statistics dissemination efforts for Indonesia on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanani, Febiana; Kobayashi, Takashi; Jo, Eitetsu; Nakajima, Sawako; Oyama, Hiroshi

    2011-01-01

    Objectives To elucidate current issues related to health statistics dissemination efforts on the Internet in Indonesia and to propose a new dissemination website as a solution. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. Sources of statistics were identified using link relationship and Google™ search. Menu used to locate statistics, mode of presentation and means of access to statistics, and available statistics were assessed for each site. Assessment results were used to derive design specification; a prototype system was developed and evaluated with usability test. Results: 49 sources were identified on 18 governmental, 8 international and 5 non-government websites. Of 49 menus identified, 33% used non-intuitive titles and lead to inefficient search. 69% of them were on government websites. Of 31 websites, only 39% and 23% used graph/chart and map for presentation. Further, only 32%, 39% and 19% provided query, export and print feature. While >50% sources reported morbidity, risk factor and service provision statistics, <40% sources reported health resource and mortality statistics. Statistics portal website was developed using Joomla!™ content management system. Usability test demonstrated its potential to improve data accessibility. Discussion and conclusion: In this study, government’s efforts to disseminate statistics in Indonesia are supported by non-governmental and international organizations and existing their information may not be very useful because it is: a) not widely distributed, b) difficult to locate, and c) not effectively communicated. Actions are needed to ensure information usability, and one of such actions is the development of statistics portal website. PMID:23569612

  13. Exist and grow under internet world in the information manage office of the unit with R and D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In comprehensive research institutes, there exist information centers in addition to the main libraries. These information centers are either the branches of a main library or the units belonging to the research divisions. Compared to the main libraries, the information centers provide scientists with more professional, well targeted and applicable research resources. Their contribution to the successful research and development activities are essential and should not be ignored. In the computer age, people rely more on the Internet to obtain the information. Commercialized information service providers challenge the existence of the traditional information centers and even libraries are at risk of being obsolete. This paper reviewed the characteristics, current status and challenges of the information centers. We shared the successful experience of the Department of Reactor Engineering Research and Design and proposed the development strategies for information centers under the new environment. (author)

  14. Consumer attitudes regarding internet health information and communication: Gender, locus of control, and stress implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Fogel

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Los estudiantes universitarios utilizan internet para comunicarse y obtener información sobre salud. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo mediante una encuesta a 227 estudiantes para determinar si había diferencias entre aquellos que utilizan internet y el correo electrónico para informarse sobre salud y aquellos que no. Las variables dependientes fueron la Escala de Estrés Percibido y las subescalas de la Escala Multidimensional de Locus de Control de la Salud. Las variables independientes incluyeron preguntas sobre la utilización de internet para informarse o comunicarse con otros sobre salud. Se realizaron análisis para el total de la muestra y por género. En los tres ítems de comunicación, los que utilizaban internet/correo electrónico mostraron un nivel de estrés percibido significativamente más alto. No hubo diferencias entre los que usaban internet para buscar información sobre salud. Estos resultados se mantuvieron para hombres y se acercaron a la significación para las mujeres. Los que utilizan internet para obtener información sobre salud puntuaron significativamente más alto en la subescala de locus de control interno. Estos resultados se mantuvieron en los varones, mientras que para las mujeres fue significativa la subescala de control por otros poderes. Los hombres con estrés percibido se comunican por correo electrónico o internet sobre salud, mientras que las mujeres no. Respecto al uso de información sobre salud en internet, los hombres utilizan un locus de control interno y las mujeres un locus de control por otros poderes. Estos resultados son útiles para los profesionales que asesoren a universitarios con problemas de salud.

  15. Changes Over Time in the Utilization of Disease-Related Internet Information in Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer Patients 2007 to 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahana, Eva; Kuhr, Kathrin; Ansmann, Lena; Pfaff, Holger

    2014-01-01

    Background As the number of people with Internet access rises, so does the use of the Internet as a potentially valuable source for health information. Insight into patient use of this information and its correlates over time may reveal changes in the digital divide based on patient age and education. Existing research has focused on patient characteristics that predict Internet information use and research on treatment context is rare. Objective This study aims to (1) present data on the proportion of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients treated in German breast centers from 2007 to 2013 who used the Internet for information on their disease, (2) look into correlations between Internet utilization and sociodemographic characteristics and if these change over time, and (3) determine if use of Internet information varies with the hospitals in which the patients were initially treated. Methods Data about utilization of the Internet for breast cancer–specific health information was obtained in a postal survey of breast cancer patients that is conducted annually in Germany with a steady response rate of 87% of consenting patients. Data from the survey were combined with data obtained by hospital personnel (eg, cancer stage and type of surgery). Data from 27,491 patients from 7 consecutive annual surveys were analyzed for this paper using multilevel regression modeling to account for clustering of patients in specific hospitals. Results Breast cancer patients seeking disease-specific information on the Internet increased significantly from 26.96% (853/3164) in 2007 to 37.21% (1485/3991) in 2013. Similar patterns of demographic correlates were found for all 7 cohorts. Older patients (≥70 years) and patients with <10 years of formal education were less likely to use the Internet for information on topics related to their disease. Internet use was significantly higher among privately insured patients and patients living with a partner. Higher cancer stage and a

  16. Landspotting: collecting essential land cover information via an attractive internet game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, Steffen; McCallum, Ian; Perger, Christoph; Christian, Schill; Florian, Kraxner; Erik, Lindquist; Michael, Obersteiner

    2010-05-01

    Based on the geo-wiki.org concept of collecting land cover information via crowdsourcing, we present a novel approach on how to get the crowd involved. Internet games as well as social networks are becoming increasingly popular and the full potential is yet to be exploited. However, thus far, few if any games provide anything other than entertainment. Can an attractive philanthropic game be created which uses the crowd to collect essential information needed to help to acquire better data to improve the understanding of the earth system? Since accurate and up to date information on global land cover plays a very important role in a number of different research fields such as climate change, monitoring of tropical deforestation, land use monitoring and land-use modelling, but still shows high levels of disagreement, the game will focus on how this essential land cover calibration and validation data can be collected in areas where uncertainty is currently highest. In the current version of the land spotting game, we combine uncertainty hotspot information from three global land cover datasets (GLC, MODIS and GlobCover). With an ever increasing amount of high resolution images available on Google Earth, it is becoming increasingly possible to distinguish land cover features with a high degree of accuracy. We first direct the landspotting game community to certain hotspots of land cover uncertainty and then ask them to enter/record the type of land cover they see (for this they will be able to acquire a certain number of points), possibly uploading pictures at that location (additional points will be received). Even though the development of the game "landspotting.org" is still underway, we illustrate what the functionality will be and what features are envisaged for the near future. Landspotting.org will be designed in such a way as to challenge users to help map out the remaining areas of confusion over the globe - possibly in the form of an adventure game. Users

  17. Internet Use for Health-Related Information via Personal Computers and Cell Phones in Japan: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Yoshimitsu; Ohura, Tomoko; Ishizaki, Tatsuro; Okamoto, Shigeru; Miki, Kenji; Naito, Mariko; Akamatsu, Rie; Sugimori, Hiroki; Yoshiike, Nobuo; Miyaki, Koichi; Shimbo, Takuro

    2011-01-01

    Background The Internet is known to be used for health purposes by the general public all over the world. However, little is known about the use of, attitudes toward, and activities regarding eHealth among the Japanese population. Objectives This study aimed to measure the prevalence of Internet use for health-related information compared with other sources, and to examine the effects on user knowledge, attitudes, and activities with regard to Internet use for health-related information in Japan. We examined the extent of use via personal computers and cell phones. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a quasi-representative sample (N = 1200) of the Japanese general population aged 15–79 years in September 2007. The main outcome measures were (1) self-reported rates of Internet use in the past year to acquire health-related information and to contact health professionals, family, friends, and peers specifically for health-related purposes, and (2) perceived effects of Internet use on health care. Results The prevalence of Internet use via personal computer for acquiring health-related information was 23.8% (286/1200) among those surveyed, whereas the prevalence via cell phone was 6% (77). Internet use via both personal computer and cell phone for communicating with health professionals, family, friends, or peers was not common. The Internet was used via personal computer for acquiring health-related information primarily by younger people, people with higher education levels, and people with higher household incomes. The majority of those who used the Internet for health care purposes responded that the Internet improved their knowledge or affected their lifestyle attitude, and that they felt confident in the health-related information they obtained from the Internet. However, less than one-quarter thought it improved their ability to manage their health or affected their health-related activities. Conclusions Japanese moderately used the Internet via

  18. [Modern information and communication technology in medical rehabilitation. Enhanced sustainability through Internet-delivered aftercare].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kordy, H; Theis, F; Wolf, M

    2011-04-01

    Internet and mobile phones open new avenues for the optimization of health services in medical rehabilitation. Various models of Internet-delivered aftercare after psychosomatic inpatient treatment have shown promising results. The focus of this report is on the experience in translating one of the promising models, the Internet-Bridge ("Internet-Brücke"), to every day health care. Effectiveness was estimated through comparison of 254 patients who were treated in a hospital specialized in psychosomatic medicine and who participated in the Internet-Bridge as well as in the 1-year follow-up in the frame of standard quality assurance between 2003-2010 with 364 patients of the same hospital who also participated in the 1-year follow-up, but did not utilize the aftercare. Sustainable, reliable, and clinically significant improvements were more frequent in participants of the Internet-Bridge, especially with regard to psychological well-being, social problems, and psychosocial competence-at small additional costs. Results are understood as encouragement to start translation to routine care accompanied by research. PMID:21465402

  19. Variables associated with seeking information from doctors and the internet after exposure to direct-to-consumer advertisements for prescription medications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogel, Joshua; Teichman, Chaim

    2014-01-01

    This study examines variables associated with seeking information from doctors, the Internet, and a combination of both doctors and Internet after exposure to direct-to-consumer advertisements. Data were analyzed from 462 college students. Younger age, women, and health insurance were associated with greater odds for doctor; women, subjective norms, intentions, and greater time since seen doctor were associated with greater odds for Internet; and African American, Hispanic, subjective norms, intentions, and health insurance were associated with greater odds for both doctor and Internet. Marketers of direct-to-consumer advertisements can use these findings for tailoring and targeting direct-to-consumer advertisements. PMID:24878404

  20. A Study on Information Search and Commitment Strategies on Web Environment and Internet Usage Self-Efficacy Beliefs of University Students'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geçer, Aynur Kolburan

    2014-01-01

    This study addresses university students' information search and commitment strategies on web environment and internet usage self-efficacy beliefs in terms of such variables as gender, department, grade level and frequency of internet use; and whether there is a significant relation between these beliefs. Descriptive method was used in the…

  1. New Information Service Mode on Internet%因特网信息服务新模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁蔚; 倪波

    2000-01-01

    Through analyzing the present situation of information service on Internet,the paper points out that the model of information service based on WWW search engine has been outdated.Directed by the two advanced theories of informatics in 1990s,which are the theory of ASK and Domain Analysis,and using the novel technology of Intelligent Agent,a new model of information service based on the principle of user-orientedness and subject-orientedness is developed.It's also explained that the new model is more suitable for the future.

  2. The impact of exposure to Internet-based information about the Rorschach and the MMPI-2 on psychiatric outpatients' ability to simulate mentally healthy test performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, Ellen; Hartmann, Terje

    2014-01-01

    To examine the impact of Internet-based information about how to simulate being mentally healthy on the Rorschach (Exner, 2003) and the MMPI-2 (Butcher, Dahlstrom, Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989), 87 psychiatric outpatients completed the tests under 4 conditions: uncoached and Internet-coached outpatients under faking healthy instructions (faking patients and Internet-faking patients) and patients and nonpatients under standard instructions (standard patients and standard nonpatients). On the Rorschach, faking patients and Internet-faking patients did not manage to portray healthy test performance and, like standard patients, revealed a significantly greater number of perceptual and cognitive disturbances than standard nonpatients. Faking patients scored in the psychopathological direction on most variables. Internet-faking patients produced constricted protocols with significantly higher F% (57%) and lower use of provoking and aggressive contents than the other groups. On the MMPI-2, faking patients and Internet-faking patients were able to conceal symptoms and, like standard nonpatients, scored in the normal range on the clinical scales. The validity scale L successfully detected the faking patients and the Internet-faking patients, whereas the F scale only distinguished the Internet-faking patients and K only the faking patients. We conclude that Internet-based information could threaten test validity. PMID:24528223

  3. Increasing information intensity in industrial services: towards Industrial Internet and Industrie 4.0 servitizing industrial OEMs

    OpenAIRE

    Melgin, Tapio

    2015-01-01

    Digitization has been transforming organizations for decades, but only recently has the general interest turned to digitization in industrial context. It has been proposed that new technologies are driving towards the next industrial revolution, having profound economic implications. This discussion is referred as Industrie 4.0 or Industrial Internet by industry practitioners. Information is the key enabler and resource that companies use in achieving the higher productivity levels that t...

  4. A comparison of the quality of the information available on the internet on interventional radiology, vascular surgery, and cardiology

    OpenAIRE

    Alsafi, A.; Kaya, G.; Patel, H; M S Hamady

    2013-01-01

    Context and Aims: Internet use is rapidly expanding and increasingly plays a substantial role in patient education. We sought to evaluate and compare the quality of information available to patients online on three closely linked specialties: Interventional radiology (IR), cardiology, and vascular surgery. Materials and Methods: We searched the leading three search engines for the terms: "Interventional Radiology", "cardiology," and "vascular surgery," collating the top 50 hits from each sear...

  5. Classification and promotion different types of information product by internet marketing on the example of machine building enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Oksentyuk

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Considering the features of modern marketing, Internet-marketing in particular, the types of promotion information products are classified in the article, such as a separate product (goods,firm or company, thematic information resource (website, online-store, online-project. All of the above objects have their own characteristics, both in content and in the budget part, which leads to differences in the choice of promotion strategy, selection of Internet-marketing techniques and, consequently, the relative efficiency of the use by machine-building enterprises. We consider each of them separately and set the typical promotion scheme through information technology and World Wide Web. Made the estimation of marketing effectiveness use of strategies to promote different types of Internet-based products, which should include a number of parameters that are presented in this article. Analyzed the importance of availability of website as a necessary condition for the successful promotion of their products in the market and doing business in today's market environment.

  6. Text analysis of radiation information in newspaper articles headlines and internet contents after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In general, the press is considered to have amplified the level of public's anxiety and perception of risk. In the present study, we analyzed newspaper article headlines and Internet contents that were released from March 11, 2011 to January 31, 2012 using text mining techniques. The aim is to reveal the particular characteristics of the information propagated regarding the Fukushima NPP Accident. The article headlines of the newspapers which had a largest circulation were chosen for analysis, and contents of Internet media were chose based on the number of times they were linked or retweeted. According to our text mining analysis, newspaper frequently reported the 'measurement, investigation and examination' of radiation/radioactive materials caused by the Fukushima Accident, and this information might be spread selectively via the social media. On the other hand, the words related to health effects of radiation exposure (i. e., cancer, hereditary effects) were rare in newspaper headlines. Instead, words like 'anxiety' and 'safe' were often used to convey the degree of health effects. Particularly in March of 2011, the concept of 'danger' was used frequently in newspaper headlines. These indirect characterizations of the situation may have contributed more or less to the misunderstanding of the health effects and to the enhanced perception of risk felt by the public. In conclusion, there were found no evidence to suggest that newspaper or Internet media users released sensational information that increased the health anxiety of reads throughout the period of analysis. (author)

  7. The Internet Scout Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calcari, Susan

    1997-01-01

    Describes the Internet Scout Project which provides Internet users, particularly those in higher education, with current, selective, and well-annotated pointers to information about resources, network tools, and Internet news items. Offered through regular e-mail updates, titles include The Scout Report, The Scout Report Signpost, Net-Happenings,…

  8. Are we PREPared? Quality of information available to patients in the UK about PREP on the internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Duncan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Professional bodies in the UK (BASHH/BHIVA do not currently recommended pre-exposure prophylaxis (PREP to prevent HIV aquisition for men who have sex with men (MSM [1]. Conversely, although Federal Drug Administration approval is awaited, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC have issued clinicians in the USA with interim guidance to facilitate PREP prescriptions [2]. Increasingly patients search the internet for information on HIV treatment, but disparate international policy can lead to confusing patient messages. This study was conducted to systematically assess the quality of internet information available to patients in the UK about PREP. More than 90% of internet searches in the UK are performed using ‘Google.co.uk’ and ‘Bing’ [3]. Using pre-specified criteria, we reviewed the first 100 hits retrieved from each search engine when the following searches were performed: [“HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis”]; [“HIV PREP”]; [“HIV PREP guidelines”]; [“HIV PREP guidelines UK”]; [“truvada prophylaxis HIV”]. Of 172 unique websites identified, 124 websites were active at the time of the review (July 2012. 33 websites were links to academic journals including commentaries and clinical trials, not intended to specifically provide patient information; 5 were internet portals directing users to alternative sites and 10 websites contained no information about PREP. Of the remaining 76 websites, 28 were written by medical professionals and 48 were written by journalists, where 7/48 (15% were individual blogs. 64/76 (84% contained a definition of PREP; 63/76 (83% discussed the rationale and 58/76 (76% reported efficacy data. Advantages and disadvantages of PREP were presented in 56/76 (74% and 41/76 (54% of websites respectively. Only 21/76 (28% of sites referenced existing national guidelines (CDC/BASHH. A minority of sites described the current clinical practice in the UK (7/76, 9% with an even smaller number presenting the

  9. Disseminação de informações ambientais voluntárias: relatórios contábeis versus internet The spread of voluntary environmental information: accounting reports versus internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Calixto

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Com o advento da Internet, grandes mudanças têm ocorrido na maneira que as empresas divulgam informações sobre a performance econômica, financeira e ambiental de suas atividades. A divulgação de informações de natureza ambiental ocorre voluntariamente por parte das empresas e essa é uma prática crescente entre elas. Acredita-se que essa é uma forma de as empresas responderem a mudanças estruturais, assim como estabelecer um diálogo mais transparente com os seus stakeholders. Este estudo exploratório teve por objetivo identificar as diferenças na divulgação voluntária de informações ambientais via Internet e via relatórios contábeis de uma amostra de 60 companhias brasileiras que exercem atividades potencialmente poluidoras. Ao comparar o conteúdo de informações divulgadas via relatórios contábeis com as informações divulgadas na Internet, observou-se diferenças significativas, ou seja, foram encontradas mais que o dobro de informações ambientais divulgadas voluntariamente na Internet. Entretanto, foram identificadas muitas divergências na forma de divulgação entre empresas do mesmo setor, tanto através da Internet como por meio dos relatórios contábeis.Due to the Internet arrival, companies have drastically changed the way to present information about economic, financial and environmental activities performance. Most companies voluntarily report environmental data and this is a growing tendency. This is probably a way companies react to structural changes, as well as establish a clearer dialogue with its stakeholders. This exploratory study aimed to identify the differences between disclosing environmental voluntary information on the Internet and through accounting reports from a sample universe of 60 Brazilian companies performing potentially polluting activities. There were meaningful differences between the information contents in accounting reports and Internet data. More than the double of the amount

  10. Issues in Informal Education: Event-Based Science Communication Involving Planetaria and the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, M.; Gallagher, D. L.; Whitt, A.; Six, N. Frank (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    For the past four years the Science Directorate at Marshall Space Flight Center has carried out a diverse program of science communication through the web resources on the Internet. The program includes extended stories about NAS.4 science, a curriculum resource for teachers tied to national education standards, on-line activities for students, and webcasts of real-time events. Events have involved meteor showers, solar eclipses, natural very low frequency radio emissions, and amateur balloon flights. In some cases broadcasts accommodate active feedback and questions from Internet participants. We give here, examples of events, problems, and lessons learned from these activities.

  11. Consumer attitudes regarding internet health information and communication: Gender, locus of control, and stress implications

    OpenAIRE

    Joshua Fogel; Solomon Israel

    2009-01-01

    Los estudiantes universitarios utilizan internet para comunicarse y obtener información sobre salud. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo mediante una encuesta a 227 estudiantes para determinar si había diferencias entre aquellos que utilizan internet y el correo electrónico para informarse sobre salud y aquellos que no. Las variables dependientes fueron la Escala de Estrés Percibido y las subescalas de la Escala Multidimensional de Locus de Control de la Salud. Las variables independientes incl...

  12. Author's internet blog as information and communication technologies in the educational space within the physical education students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilnitskaya A.S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : to develop a web blog to attract students to physical culture and reveal their attitudes toward physical education. Material : in the survey participated 800 students from different cities of Ukraine, Russia and Belarus. Results : Internet blog created on the server "Vkontakte" as a social group called "Sport and motivation. It's nothing personal." With the help of questionnaires using internet blog revealed that of all the attractive aspects of physical fitness and physical development of students give greater preference beautiful physique. In the second place they have is health, then - endurance, agility, strength, speed, flexibility. Girls prefer a beautiful body, flexibility, plasticity, the boys prefer strength, endurance, agility and quickness. Conclusion : the need for the development and application of information and communication technologies and non-traditional forms of physical education to improve the effectiveness of the educational process in physical education in higher education institutions.

  13. Energy Information on Internet. Origin and maintenance of a database. http://www.ecn.nl/eii/main.html

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verkroost, H. [ECN Policy Studies, Petten (Netherlands); Van Nes, G.J.H. [ECN Facility Services, Petten (Netherlands)

    1997-08-01

    The activities in the period mid-1995 up to and including October 1996, which resulted in the present Internet database Energy Information on Internet (EII), are evaluated. The selection, description and indexing of the energy sites are described. Also attention is paid to the presentation, the promotion, the growth, the use, and the future of EII. This report is a summary of a more detailed report, which is only available in electronic form at http://www.ecn.nl/eii/eiirep96.htm. The electronic version includes appendices in which the applied search tool, implemented in August 1996, is outlined. Also detailed statistical data on the use of EII are presented there. 1 fig., 2 appendices

  14. Information system «History, geographical and social-economic parallel XIX–XXI age on archive information of the removal A. I. Mende» on base internet-technology as complex innovacionnyh educational resource

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shekotilov V. G.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Information system «History, geographical and social-economic parallel XIX–XXI age on archive information of the removal A. I. Mende» on base internet-technology as complex innovacionnyh educational resource.

  15. Information system «History, geographical and social-economic parallel XIX–XXI age on archive information of the removal A. I. Mende» on base internet-technology as complex innovacionnyh educational resource

    OpenAIRE

    Shekotilov V. G.

    2011-01-01

    Information system «History, geographical and social-economic parallel XIX–XXI age on archive information of the removal A. I. Mende» on base internet-technology as complex innovacionnyh educational resource.

  16. Les technologies de l'information et d'Internet au service de la Veille technologique et de l'Intelligence Economique

    OpenAIRE

    Dou Goarin, Carine; Giraud, Eric; Mannina, Bruno

    2000-01-01

    Le volume et la variété des informations disponibles sur le réseau Internet alliés à la facilité d'accès à des ressources, le plus souvent gratuites, contribuent à l'utilisation d'internet comme outil privilégié du Veilleur Technologique. Mais le nombre exponentiel de ressources et d'informations disponibles sur Internet implique l'utilisation d'outils performants pour faire une surveillance active de l'environnement informationnel de l'entreprise. C'est dans ce contexte que WebProcess, agent...

  17. Outsourcing a High Speed Internet Access Project: An Information Technology Class Case Study in Three Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platt, Richard G.; Carper, William B.; McCool, Michael

    2010-01-01

    In early 2004, the Hilton Hotels Corporation (HHC) required that all of its hotels (both owned and franchised) install high-speed Internet access (HSIA) in all of their rooms by June 2004. This case focuses on how one of its franchise properties located on the northern gulf coast of Florida (the Hilton Sandestin Beach Golf Resort &…

  18. Construction of Cubic Dynamic and User-oriented Taxonomy forAutomatic Classification of Internet Information

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Based on the requirements of the development of Internet, thenecessity of establishing cubic dynamic and user-oriented taxonomy for automatic classification is presented. Then the basic algorithm to construct such taxonomy is discussed. The view is up to date in current world.

  19. Quality evaluation of the available Internet information regarding pain during orthodontic treatment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Livas, Christos; Delli, Konstantina; Ren, Yijin

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quality of the data disseminated via the Internet regarding pain experienced by orthodontic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic online search was performed for 'orthodontic pain' and 'braces pain' separately using five search engines. The first 25 results from

  20. Chiropractic wellness on the web: the content and quality of information related to wellness and primary prevention on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evans Marion

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Internet has become a common source of information for patients wishing to learn about health information. Previous studies found information related to back pain poor and often contradictory to current guidelines. Wellness has become a common topic in the field of chiropractic and accrediting agencies have standards on delivery of wellness-based content in college curricula as well as directives for clinical applications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of the information on the Internet using the terms "chiropractic wellness," or "wellness chiropractic". Methods Five commonly used search engines were selected and the first 10 sites found using the strategy above were evaluated by two raters. Demographic assessments of the sites were made along with whether they were Health on the Net Foundation (HON certified, contained standard wellness content, mentioned any Healthy People Focus Areas, and other chiropractic topics. Kappa statistics compared inter-rater agreement. Results Potential patients appeared to be the audience 87% of the time and a private doctor of chiropractic appeared to be the typical site owner. The sites usually promoted the provider. No sites displayed HON certification logo nor did any appear to meet the HON certification criteria. Twenty-six sites (55% promoted regular physical activity in some manner and 18 (38% had information on health risks of tobacco. Four (9% had mental health or stress-reduction content but none had information supportive of vaccination. Some had information contradictory to common public health measures. Conclusions Patients searching the Internet for chiropractic wellness information will often find useless information that will not help them maintain health or become well. Most simply market the chiropractic practice or allow for a patients to provide personal information in exchange for more 'wellness' information. More research should be done on how

  1. Internet and Social Media For Health-Related Information and Communication in Health Care: Preferences of the Dutch General Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelen, Lucien JLPG; Berben, Sivera AA; Teerenstra, Steven; Samsom, Melvin; Schoonhoven, Lisette

    2013-01-01

    Background Health care is increasingly featured by the use of Web 2.0 communication and collaborative technologies that are reshaping the way patients and professionals interact. These technologies or tools can be used for a variety of purposes: to instantly debate issues, discover news, analyze research, network with peers, crowd-source information, seek support, and provide advice. Not all tools are implemented successfully; in many cases, the nonusage attrition rates are high. Little is known about the preferences of the Dutch general population regarding the use of the Internet and social media in health care. Objective To determine the preferences of the general population in the Netherlands regarding the use of the Internet and social media in health care. Methods A cross-sectional survey was disseminated via a popular Dutch online social network. Respondents were asked where they searched for health-related information, how they qualified the value of different sources, and their preferences regarding online communication with health care providers. Results were weighed for the Dutch population based on gender, age, and level of education using official statistics. Numbers and percentages or means and standard deviations were presented for different subgroups. One-way ANOVA was used to test for statistical differences. Results The survey was completed by 635 respondents. The Internet was found to be the number one source for health-related information (82.7%), closely followed by information provided by health care professionals (71.1%). Approximately one-third (32.3%) of the Dutch population search for ratings of health care providers. The most popular information topics were side effects of medication (62.5%) and symptoms (59.7%). Approximately one-quarter of the Dutch population prefer to communicate with a health care provider via social media (25.4%), and 21.2% would like to communicate via a webcam. Conclusions The Internet is the main source of health

  2. Internet advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Molnár, Tomáš

    2009-01-01

    Aim of this thesis was to find out an attitude of internet users toward selected internet advertisement. Theoretical part introduces internet marketing and chosen types of internet advertisement. Hypotheses stated in advance were answered in a practical part by method of questionnaire. Result of thesis is recommendation for companies who are making business on internet or using internet for their business.

  3. Design & Realization of an Experimental Internet-based Information Retrieval Network System%因特网信息检索实验网络系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓梅; 沈祥兴

    2001-01-01

    Based on the authors' experiences in practice, this paper deals with the technology and scheme of designing and realizing the experimental Internet-Based Information Retrieval Network System. It mainly discusses its general design scheme and access to the Internet.

  4. From sun to your photovoltaic-plant: Internet consumer information; Von der Sonne zur eigenen Photovoltaik-Anlage: Verbraucher-Informationen im Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soter, S.; Lach, R. [Dortmund Univ. (Germany). Fakultaet fuer Elektrotechnik

    2004-07-01

    The members of the working group 'Power Electronics and Decentral, Renewable Power Supply' of the chair 'Electrical Machines, Drives and Power Electronics' at the University Dortmund are occupied among other things with the general issue of photovoltaics. The focus of the research work is to develop and to design converters in the power range of 1000 W to 3500 W for fuel cell and photovoltaic technology. In the last years more and more advice is given to consumers and experts and more photovoltaic-plants are planned. Especially the close contact to very different people shows the variable but in most cases very low standard of knowledge. This was the motivation to create and to build up these particular Internet pages. The goal of this project is to provide an information pool to everybody, from people who want to make first steps in this area up to specialists who want to plan or to calculate their own plant. Every prospective costumer has to be able to use these pages to his requirements. The topics are very different, e.g. photovoltaic-technology, design andd calculating of a pv-plant, capital investment, promotion of investments, amortisation, contact-addresses, prejudices and disproof. (orig.)

  5. La "nuova economia della conoscenza e dell'informazione" e l'"economia di Internet": un'introduzione (The 'New Economics of Knowledge and Information' and 'Internet Economics': An Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Roncaglia

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a group of articles, published in the same issue of Moneta e Credito or accepted for publication in subsequent issues, dealing with different aspects of the "new economics of knowledge and information" and with "Internet economics". It also surveys the economic aspects of the new information and communication technologies, considering them as a Schumpeterian "epoch-making innovation" (and suggesting that Internet could be considered as a new, separate, epoch-making innovation. Attention is drawn to the issue of market forms likely to prevail in the field ofInternet services, on the inapplicability of the traditional theory of competitive equilibrium, and on the dynamic kind of competition based on technological change prevailing in the sector, likely to foster some sort of unstable oligopolistic behaviour.

  6. Internet use, needs and expectations of web-based information and communication in childbearing women with type 1 diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berg Marie

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the childbearing period women use the internet both to seek information and as an important source of communication. For women with type 1 diabetes, pregnancy and early motherhood constitute a more complex situation than for women in general. This implies need for support from various professionals and a way of bridging any discontinuity in care would be to develop a website providing complementary social support and information. The objective of this study was to explore internet use, needs, and expectations regarding web-based information and communication in childbearing women with type 1 diabetes. Methods Data were collected via a web-based survey with an explorative and descriptive design, in which 105 of 139 eligible mothers with type 1 diabetes and recent childbearing experience participated. The data were analyzed with descriptive and analytical statistics, and open answers with a directed content analysis. Results Of the 105 women, 22% never used the internet to search for information concerning pregnancy, childbirth, and parenthood. 12% searched for information every day, 29% one or more times a week, and 38% one or more times a month. Of the women 44% declared themselves to be passive participants on social websites, and 45% to be active participants. 45% had specific expectations of web-based support directed towards childbearing, especially those with higher educational level (P = .01. Expectations of instrumental and informational support included an expert-controlled website with reliable, updated, and information focused on childbearing and diabetes, improved access to diabetes care professionals and alternative ways to communicate and to receive childbearing-related support. The women also asked for online technical devices to manage the frequent monitoring of blood glucose during pregnancy. Informal, emotional, and appraisal support from women in similar situations was suggested as a way to provide an

  7. Internet use, needs and expectations of web-based information and communication in childbearing women with type 1 diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background In the childbearing period women use the internet both to seek information and as an important source of communication. For women with type 1 diabetes, pregnancy and early motherhood constitute a more complex situation than for women in general. This implies need for support from various professionals and a way of bridging any discontinuity in care would be to develop a website providing complementary social support and information. The objective of this study was to explore internet use, needs, and expectations regarding web-based information and communication in childbearing women with type 1 diabetes. Methods Data were collected via a web-based survey with an explorative and descriptive design, in which 105 of 139 eligible mothers with type 1 diabetes and recent childbearing experience participated. The data were analyzed with descriptive and analytical statistics, and open answers with a directed content analysis. Results Of the 105 women, 22% never used the internet to search for information concerning pregnancy, childbirth, and parenthood. 12% searched for information every day, 29% one or more times a week, and 38% one or more times a month. Of the women 44% declared themselves to be passive participants on social websites, and 45% to be active participants. 45% had specific expectations of web-based support directed towards childbearing, especially those with higher educational level (P = .01). Expectations of instrumental and informational support included an expert-controlled website with reliable, updated, and information focused on childbearing and diabetes, improved access to diabetes care professionals and alternative ways to communicate and to receive childbearing-related support. The women also asked for online technical devices to manage the frequent monitoring of blood glucose during pregnancy. Informal, emotional, and appraisal support from women in similar situations was suggested as a way to provide an arena for belonging instead of

  8. Social Relationship Management in Internet-based Communication and Shared Information Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Galla, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Communication and collaboration based on the internet are important factors in business, research, and everyday life. The term virtualization denotes the phenomenon that more and more aspects of our lives take place online. In today’s markets, companies have to be quick and flexible in order to be successful. One of the strategies to achieve this is the virtualization of organizations, leading to the abolishment of classical spatial and temporal constraints and to a greater flexibility. The d...

  9. Intelligent Traffic Information System Based on Integration of Internet of Things and Agent Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan Omar Al-Sakran

    2015-01-01

    In recent years popularity of private cars is getting urban traffic more and more crowded. As result traffic is becoming one of important problems in big cities in all over the world. Some of the traffic concerns are congestions and accidents which have caused a huge waste of time, property damage and environmental pollution. This research paper presents a novel intelligent traffic administration system, based on Internet of Things, which is featured by low cost, high scalability, high compat...

  10. Direct-To-Consumer Internet Promotion Of Robotic Prostatectomy Exhibits Varying Quality Of Information

    OpenAIRE

    Mirkin, Joshua N.; Lowrance, William T.; Feifer, Andrew H.; Mulhall, John P.; Eastham, James E.; Elkin, Elena B.

    2012-01-01

    Robotic surgery to remove a cancerous prostate has become a popular treatment. Internet marketing of this surgery provides an intriguing case study of direct-to-consumer promotions of medical devices, which are more loosely regulated than pharmaceutical promotions. We investigated whether the claims made in online promotions of robotic prostatectomy were consistent with evidence from comparative effectiveness studies. After performing a search and crosssectional analysis of websites that ment...

  11. An alarming prognosis: how people affected by pancreatic cancer use (and avoid) Internet information

    OpenAIRE

    Chapple, A; Evans, JV; Ziebland, S; McPherson, A.; Hugh Grant

    2012-01-01

    This article looks at how patients with pancreatic cancer use the Internet, and considers its potential negative effects for people with a life threatening illness. We designed a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews collected by maximum variation sampling. Respondents were recruited from all over the UK in 2009/10. We interviewed 32 people with pancreatic cancer and eight relatives/carers of people who had recently died of pancreatic cancer. In contrast to a similar study we und...

  12. Colorado Late Cenozoic Fault and Fold Database and Internet Map Server: User-friendly technology for complex information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, K.S.; Pattyn, G.J.; Morgan, M.L.

    2005-01-01

    Internet mapping applications for geologic data allow simultaneous data delivery and collection, enabling quick data modification while efficiently supplying the end user with information. Utilizing Web-based technologies, the Colorado Geological Survey's Colorado Late Cenozoic Fault and Fold Database was transformed from a monothematic, nonspatial Microsoft Access database into a complex information set incorporating multiple data sources. The resulting user-friendly format supports easy analysis and browsing. The core of the application is the Microsoft Access database, which contains information compiled from available literature about faults and folds that are known or suspected to have moved during the late Cenozoic. The database contains nonspatial fields such as structure type, age, and rate of movement. Geographic locations of the fault and fold traces were compiled from previous studies at 1:250,000 scale to form a spatial database containing information such as length and strike. Integration of the two databases allowed both spatial and nonspatial information to be presented on the Internet as a single dataset (http://geosurvey.state.co.us/pubs/ceno/). The user-friendly interface enables users to view and query the data in an integrated manner, thus providing multiple ways to locate desired information. Retaining the digital data format also allows continuous data updating and quick delivery of newly acquired information. This dataset is a valuable resource to anyone interested in earthquake hazards and the activity of faults and folds in Colorado. Additional geologic hazard layers and imagery may aid in decision support and hazard evaluation. The up-to-date and customizable maps are invaluable tools for researchers or the public.

  13. Are consumers of Internet health information “cyberchondriacs”? Characteristics of 24,965 users of a depression screening site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leykin, Yan; Muñoz, Ricardo F.; Contreras, Omar

    2011-01-01

    Background The number of individuals looking for health information on the Internet continues to expand. The purpose of the study was to understand the prevalence of major depression, among English-speaking individuals worldwide looking for information on depression online. Methods An automated online Mood Screener website was created and advertised via Google AdWords, for one year. Participants (N = 24,965) completed a depression screening measure and received feedback based on their results. Participants were then invited to participate in a longitudinal mood screening study. Results Of the 24,965 who completed the screening, 66.6% screened positive for current major depression, 44.4% indicated current suicidality, and 7.8% reported a recent (past two weeks) suicide attempt. Of those consenting to participate in the longitudinal study (n = 1,327, from 86 countries), 77.4% screened positive for past depression, 64.6% reported past suicidality, and 17.5% a past suicide attempt. Yet, only 25% of those screening positive for current depression, and only 37.2% of those reporting a recent suicide attempt are in treatment. Conclusions Many of the consumers of Internet health information may genuinely need treatment and are not “cyberchondriacs”. Online screening, treatment, and prevention efforts may have the potential to serve many currently untreated clinically depressed and suicidal individuals. PMID:21681872

  14. Toward a greater understanding of breast cancer patients’ decisions to discuss cancer related internet information with their doctors: An exploratory study

    Science.gov (United States)

    D’Agostino, Thomas A.; Ostroff, Jamie S.; Heerdt, Alexandra; Dickler, Maura; Li, Yuelin; Bylund, Carma L.

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate differences between breast cancer patients who do and do not discuss cancer-related internet information (CRII) with their doctors. Methods 70 breast cancer patients completed questionnaires regarding internet use, discussions about CRII, and the doctor-patient relationship. Results No significant differences were noted across patient, disease, or visit characteristics, or physician reliance between those who intended to discuss CRII and those who did not. Patients who intended to discuss CRII rated significantly higher pre-consultation anxiety levels. No significant differences in satisfaction, anxiety reduction, or trust in physician were found between patients who had discussed and those who had not. Patients’ reasons for discussing or not discussing are detailed. Conclusion Factors influencing patients’ decisions to discuss CRII are complex and differ from those identified as leading patients to seek internet information. Future research about internet discussions should investigate the impact of patients’ preferred role in treatment, the doctor-patient relationship, anxiety level, attributes of CRII, and physician trust. Practice Implications Understanding the characteristics of patients who do and do not discuss internet information is important given the impact internet information has on healthcare communication and the doctor-patient relationship, including the development of interventions aimed at improving such interactions. PMID:22722063

  15. Ethics on the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Nechanický, Jakub

    2011-01-01

    This thesis is focused on ethics on the Internet. The first part shows a brief glimpse into the history in this area and defines fundamental ethical positions. The second part deals with information ethics, describes ethical codes and standards and attends to valid Czech and European legislation that relates to the distributing information and data and influences ethics on the Internet. The third part is devoted to the practical level. There are solved problems of the Internet and threats, wh...

  16. Hackers and the Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Sanglakhi, Alimostafa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to study hacking and hackers. It focused on learning the best ways to make the internet secure. The thesis investigates hacking and hackers as threats to internet security. The scope of analysis encompasses various fields of technology. Consequently, the conclusive observations provide a good understanding and information on protecting valuable internet resources from criminal and malicious users that harm personal and business information securi...

  17. AUTISM ON THE INTERNET

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir TRAJKOVSKI

    2000-01-01

    The Internet as the world wide information system is a global information network that provides instantly communication between a million users through its services. The Internet can be used in any science discipline especially in medicine. The aim of this paper is to show the possibilities of Internet in studying all the aspects of autism syndrome, introducing the public with some web-sites which treats autism and presenting the one and only web-site in Macedonia called Autism-Macedonia. In ...

  18. Internet Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Veiga

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available It has now become quite obvious that the Internet has brought significant changes to our society and a break on how we lived before its emergence. It is still too early to assess the impact on society of the new services at our disposal, such as the capacity to communicate faster and cheaper on a global scale, access information and, perhaps more importantly, to produce and disseminate information in a way that is accessible to all.It is clear that the advent of the Information Society implies changes in our society that constitute a point of no return. However, contrary to what happened when we entered the Industrial Age about three centuries ago, when the changing process was slow and led by older individuals, these days the entrance into the Information Society is taking place rapidly and the decisive players are younger people. The global nature of the Internet, the possibility of producing and distributing any type of content in digital form at almost zero cost, as well as the vast number of people who use the web, have highlighted the need for new forms of intervention in a sector where there are many types of players. It is in this context that the problem of Internet Governance becomes a very current issue, inasmuch as one feels the need to guarantee a diversity of rights and duties, which may appear difficult to reconcile.This paper presents a brief overview of the main players and initiatives which, in the field of Internet Governance, have tried to contribute to turning this network into a factor for social development and democraticity on a global scale.

  19. Strategi penelusuran informasi melalui Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Purwono, *

    2008-01-01

    There are so many online resources available on the Internet, both free and paid resources. We should have a good searching strategy to find out the information what we needed. Because most of them buried in the information ocean called internet. This paper discussed how to find information in the Internet and how we create a "search strategy" to find it.

  20. Standardizing information exchange towards the end user. Present data models with two way communication over the Internet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The two-way communication towards the end consumer is in little use so far. There are probably several reasons for this but one important reason may be the lack of standardized interfaces for the information exchange towards the end user. The lack of such standards results in substantial system investment risks for the network companies because the systems may not be developed further and maintained should the deliverer leave the market. The communication channel Internet has expanded quickly and in Norway of today (1999) 25 to 30 % of the households have an Internet connection. The use of existing infrastructure and already tried out technology for information transferrals may contribute to making two-way communication more reasonable and functional. In the report various alternatives of standardized information exchange towards the end users are evaluated. Various formats are discussed with the following demands in mind: 1) Shall be suited for all types of communication media. 2) An international standard followed by everyone. 3) Reliable information transferral and flexible. The focus is on what kind of information is being transferred and how this is organized, and not on how the information is transferred. The discussed alternatives are evaluated both regarding traditional solutions for two- way communication and the use of the Internet. The following format alternatives are discussed: EDIEL/EDIFACT, ODEL(GS2), LonWorks/Echelon, UCA, DLMS/COSEM, COBRA and DCOM. The formats represent communication at various levels but they are mentioned in the report because they are often mentioned as possible standard formats towards the end user: ODEL, DLSM/COSEM and UCA. EDIEL is not suited for this interface. The market for two-way communication systems is international and it does not seem to be practical to establish a joint Norwegian/Swedish standard. The work with establishing one standard should therefore be continued through international standardization

  1. Internet Protocol Television for Personalized Home-Based Health Information: Design-Based Research on a Diabetes Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Ken; Kwong, Mabel; Alzougool, Basil; Hines, Carolyn; Tidhar, Gil; Frukhtman, Feodor

    2014-01-01

    Background The use of Internet protocol television (IPTV) as a channel for consumer health information is a relatively under-explored area of medical Internet research. IPTV may afford new opportunities for health care service providers to provide health information and for consumers, patients, and caretakers to access health information. The technologies of Web 2.0 add a new and even less explored dimension to IPTV’s potential. Objective Our research explored an application of Web 2.0 integrated with IPTV for personalized home-based health information in diabetes education, particularly for people with diabetes who are not strong computer and Internet users, and thus may miss out on Web-based resources. We wanted to establish whether this system could enable diabetes educators to deliver personalized health information directly to people with diabetes in their homes; and whether this system could encourage people with diabetes who make little use of Web-based health information to build their health literacy via the interface of a home television screen and remote control. Methods This project was undertaken as design-based research in two stages. Stage 1 comprised a feasibility study into the technical work required to integrate an existing Web 2.0 platform with an existing IPTV system, populated with content and implemented for user trials in a laboratory setting. Stage 2 comprised an evaluation of the system by consumers and providers of diabetes information. Results The project succeeded in developing a Web 2.0 IPTV system for people with diabetes and low literacies and their diabetes educators. The performance of the system in the laboratory setting gave them the confidence to engage seriously in thinking about the actual and potential features and benefits of a more widely-implemented system. In their feedback they pointed out a range of critical usability and usefulness issues related to Web 2.0 affordances and learning fundamentals. They also described

  2. Active participation or just more information? Young people’s take up of opportunities to act and interact on the internet

    OpenAIRE

    Livingstone, Sonia; Bober, Magdalena; Helsper, Ellen

    2005-01-01

    Given increasing calls for children and young people to participate via the internet in civic and political activities), this article examines how far, and with what success, such participation is occurring among UK teenagers. Findings from a national survey conducted by the UK Children Go Online project show that young people are using the internet for a wide range of activities that could be considered ‘participation’, including communicating, peer to peer connection, seeking information, i...

  3. Acceso a la información y aprendizaje informal en internet

    OpenAIRE

    Salinas Ibáñez, Jesús

    2003-01-01

    El autor hace un repaso por las distintas posibilidades de usos de Internet, centrándose en una serie de características, como la universalización de la información, la comunicación o el acceso a la información, que considera las claves para reflexionar sobre la importancia de este medio. Su objetivo es demostrar que el ámbito educativo no puede quedarse al margen de la enorme riqueza de la «revolución de las comunicaciones» que hoy atravesamos.____________________________This paper makes a b...

  4. Les patients et l'information : le cancer au risque d'internet.

    OpenAIRE

    Akrich, Madeleine; Méadel, Cécile; Rémy, Catherine; Vergnaud, Frédéric

    2008-01-01

    L'objectif de cette recherche est de faire une exploration comparative des ressources disponibles sur l'internet francophone en matière de cancer et à destination des patients, afin de comprendre comment sont structurés ces contenus et de quels garants ils s'entourent, quels objectifs ils se donnent par rapport aux patients, comment ils se situent par rapport aux professionnels, à quels types de comportements ils incitent ou peuvent conduire... La recherche prend en compte la spécificité des ...

  5. La "nuova economia della conoscenza e dell'informazione" e l'"economia di Internet": un'introduzione (The 'New Economics of Knowledge and Information' and 'Internet Economics': An Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Roncaglia

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a group of articles, published in the same issue of Moneta e Credito or accepted for publication in subsequent issues, dealing with different aspects of the "new economics of knowledge and information" and with "Internet economics". It also surveys the economic aspects of the new information and communication technologies, considering them as a Schumpeterian "epoch-making innovation" (and suggesting that Internet could be considered as a new, separate, epoch-making innovation. Attention is drawn to the issue of market forms likely to prevail in the field ofInternet services, on the inapplicability of the traditional theory of competitive equilibrium, and on the dynamic kind of competition based on technological change prevailing in the sector, likely to foster some sort of unstable oligopolistic behaviour.         JEL Codes: L86, D83, L96, O33Keywords: Information, Internet Economics, Knowledge, Technologies

  6. Intelligent spider for Internet searching

    OpenAIRE

    Chung, YM; Ramsey, M; Yang, CC; Ma, PC; Yen, JCH; H Chen

    1997-01-01

    As World Wide Web (WWW) based Internet services become more popular, information overload also becomes a pressing research problem. Difficulties with searching on the Internet get worse as the amount of information that is available increases. A scalable approach to support Internet search is critical to the success of Internet services and other current or future national information infrastructure (NII) applications. A new approach to build an intelligent personal spider (agent), which is b...

  7. Development of internet-based information systems using software components with the emphasis on the application in the military organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloš J. Pejanović

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of personal computers and Internet technology causes continuous changes in methodological approaches and concepts of development of information systems. Most existing information systems, due to their heterogeneity, have a problem of integration of subsystems. In order to overcome this problem, software vendors offer different solutions. In this work we explore different approaches and propose an optimal way, with a special emphasis on its application in the military organization. By applying modern approaches in the development of information systems on the concept of distributed component systems, we come to the set of proposed solutions from different manufacturers. The solutions are related to the mechanisms which should ensure that components written in different languages cooperate with each other in heterogeneous systems that are in different nodes in the computer network. This work describes the concept of component distributed information systems of Internet technology and their capabilities and offers a solution specifying the implementation environment in the military organization. Access to the development of information systems In the development of information systems, an important role is given to the choice of appropriate methods and tools. For large systems such as military organizations, standardized procedures and methodologies for the development of information systems are recommended. There are different methodological approaches in the development of information systems: a systematic integrated approach to development (from design, implementation to implementation and maintenance and development of information systems as technical - technological structures (standard computer and network service. The combination of these two approaches leads to the concept of 'open systems' that allow different standards and IT services to operate on these systems. The UML system description of the process of software

  8. Internet Banking System Prototype

    CERN Document Server

    Alnaqeib, Rami; Jalab, Hamid A; Zaidan, M A; Hmood, Ali K

    2010-01-01

    Internet Banking System refers to systems that enable bank customers to access accounts and general information on bank products and services through a personal computer or other intelligent device. Internet banking products and services can include detailed account information for corporate customers as well as account summery and transfer money. Ultimately, the products and services obtained through Internet Banking may mirror products and services offered through other bank delivery channels. In this paper, Internet Banking System Prototype has been proposed in order to illustrate the services which is provided by the Bank online services.

  9. Open of chat rooms for discussing geological disposal issues and review of adequate approaches for offering the information using the internet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JNC is doing publicity work to let the technical reliability for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) comprehended widely. But the information about geological disposal of HLW itself and its technology has not been spread and recognized. It has been required to offer the opportunity to discuss the geological disposal and its technology as our own issue. Recently the internet, which has such characteristics as two-way, instant and open communication means, has become used on business and for pleasure commonly. So the opportunity for discussing the topics related to geological disposal of HLW has been offered on the internet web site so-called 'Internet Forum' by JNC since fiscal year 1999. 'Internet Forum' or an assembly of chat rooms is being run on the web server which is not operated by JNC in order to provide the place where discussion on the issue can be done as fairly and objectively as possible. In this report, the results of Internet Forum in fiscal year 2000 comparing with that in fiscal year 1999 were shown and the adequate approaches of operating 'Internet Forum' and offering the information about geological disposal of HLW were reviewed. (author)

  10. Open of chat rooms for discussing geological disposal issues and review of adequate approaches for offering the information using the internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takizawa, Masayuki; Ito, Toshikazu; Yabuta, Naohiro; Yoshizawa, Nobuaki; Tsunoda, Hirokazu [Mitsubishi Research Inst., Inc., Tokyo (Japan)

    2001-03-01

    JNC is doing publicity work to let the technical reliability for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) comprehended widely. But the information about geological disposal of HLW itself and its technology has not been spread and recognized. It has been required to offer the opportunity to discuss the geological disposal and its technology as our own issue. Recently the internet, which has such characteristics as two-way, instant and open communication means, has become used on business and for pleasure commonly. So the opportunity for discussing the topics related to geological disposal of HLW has been offered on the internet web site so-called 'Internet Forum' by JNC since fiscal year 1999. 'Internet Forum' or an assembly of chat rooms is being run on the web server which is not operated by JNC in order to provide the place where discussion on the issue can be done as fairly and objectively as possible. In this report, the results of Internet Forum in fiscal year 2000 comparing with that in fiscal year 1999 were shown and the adequate approaches of operating 'Internet Forum' and offering the information about geological disposal of HLW were reviewed. (author)

  11. SISTEMA DE DISPONIBILIZAÇÃO DE INFORMAÇÕES GEOGRÁFICAS DO ESTADO DE GOIÁS NA INTERNET - SYSTEM OF PUBLICATION OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION OF THE STATE OF GOIÁS IN THE INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levindo Cardoso Medeiros; Luciano Correia Santos de Oliveira; Márcio Martins da Silva; Nilson Clementino Ferreira

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Due the growing use of the geotechnology, many institutions are producing great amounts of geographicalinformation. However the publication or availability of those information to the society in general is still alittle efficient way generating, therefore, a great need for information that could not be able published oravailable due to the lack of resources and technological control. But with the constant development of theInternet it was provided of graphic resources, becoming an attractive and presentable way to spread thegeographical information. In this work a project was developed to make available geographical informationabout the State of Goiás in an interactive and dynamic way within the Internet using free softwares.

  12. The Hegelian Inquiring System and Critical Triangulation Tools for the Internet Information Slave

    OpenAIRE

    Wijnhoven, Fons; Meertens, Lucas; Engelse, den, L.

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses informing, i.e. increasing people’s understanding of reality by providing representations of this reality. The Hegelian inquiry system is used to explain the nature of informing. Understanding the Hegelian inquiry system is essential for making informed decisions where the reality can be ambiguous and where sources of bias and manipulation have to be understood for increasing the level of free-informed choice. This inquiry system metaphorically identifies information mast...

  13. INTERNET: The new information way for the professional on municipal wastes; INTERNET: Una nueva via de informacion para los profesionales de los residuos urbanos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Limon Rodriguez, J.A.; Berbel Vecino, J.

    1997-09-01

    Everyone know about Internet, but few know how to use it, or how to look for a special subject. This paper describes the main characteristics of the World Net and the necessary steps to find everything related to Municipal Solid Wastes. (Author) 19 refs.

  14. Understanding reactions to an internet-delivered health-care intervention: accommodating user preferences for information provision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yardley Lucy

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is recognised as good practice to use qualitative methods to elicit users' views of internet-delivered health-care interventions during their development. This paper seeks to illustrate the advantages of combining usability testing with 'theoretical modelling', i.e. analyses that relate the findings of qualitative studies during intervention development to social science theory, in order to gain deeper insights into the reasons and context for how people respond to the intervention. This paper illustrates how usability testing may be enriched by theoretical modelling by means of two qualitative studies of users' views of the delivery of information in an internet-delivered intervention to help users decide whether they needed to seek medical care for their cold or flu symptoms. Methods In Study 1, 21 participants recruited from a city in southern England were asked to 'think aloud' while viewing draft web-pages presented in paper format. In Study 2, views of our prototype website were elicited, again using think aloud methods, in a sample of 26 participants purposively sampled for diversity in education levels. Both data-sets were analysed by thematic analysis. Results Study 1 revealed that although the information provided by the draft web-pages had many of the intended empowering benefits, users often felt overwhelmed by the quantity of information. Relating these findings to theory and research on factors influencing preferences for information-seeking we hypothesised that to meet the needs of different users (especially those with lower literacy levels our website should be designed to provide only essential personalised advice, but with options to access further information. Study 2 showed that our website design did prove accessible to users with different literacy levels. However, some users seemed to want still greater control over how information was accessed. Conclusions Educational level need not be an

  15. Enhancing the Internet with the CONVERGENCE system an information-centric network coupled with a standard middleware

    CERN Document Server

    Andrade, Maria; Melazzi, Nicola; Walker, Richard; Hussmann, Heinrich; Venieris, Iakovos

    2014-01-01

    Convergence proposes the enhancement of the Internet with a novel, content-centric, publish–subscribe service model based on the versatile digital item (VDI): a common container for all kinds of digital content, including digital representations of real-world resources. VDIs will serve the needs of the future Internet, providing a homogeneous method for handling structured information, incorporating security and privacy mechanisms. CONVERGENCE subsumes the following areas of research: ·         definition of the VDI as a new fundamental unit of distribution and transaction; ·         content-centric networking functionality to complement or replace IP-address-based routing; ·         security and privacy protection mechanisms; ·         open-source middleware, including a community dictionary service to enable rich semantic searches; ·         applications, tested under real-life conditions. This book shows how CONVERGENCE allows publishing, searching and subscri...

  16. Who Values Information from a Health Plan Internet-Based Decision Tool and Why: A Demographic and Utilization Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Song; Karaca-Mandic, Pinar; Levin, Regina

    2012-01-01

    Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with utilization of health plan Internet-based decision tools. Data Sources and Study Setting Enrollment, claims, plan design, and web transaction data during 2008 provided by a national health insurer for 253,398 subscribers from 919 employers. Study Design Multivariate models of the effects of demographic, health, employer, and plan benefit design characteristics on the use of the tool and its individual function categories. Data Extraction Methods Subscribers, who were either an individual member or a family, were included if at least one family member had 12 months of coverage in 2008. Members older than 65 and those with multiple insurance carriers were excluded. Principal Findings Higher education, higher income, younger age, female gender, higher co-morbidity risk, prevalence of chronic conditions, Caucasian race, and English as the primary language were positively associated with using the tool. Plan benefit characteristics such as free preventive coverage, higher deductible, moderate coinsurance rate, family coverage, and enrollment in health savings accounts were also associated with higher likelihood of using the tool. Conclusions Insurers provide consumers information on cost efficiency, quality, and wellness through Internet-based decision tools, but more effort is needed to reach certain demographics. PMID:22091487

  17. Directed Use of the Internet for Health Information by Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease: Prospective Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Wanda; Yang, Shiming; Zuckerman, Marni R; Ginsberg, Jennifer; Hu, Peter; Xiao, Yan; Fink, Jeffrey C

    2013-01-01

    Background Health information technology has become common in the care of patients with chronic diseases; however, there are few such applications employed in kidney disease. Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of a website providing disease-specific safety information by patients with predialysis chronic kidney disease. Methods As part of the Safe Kidney Care (SKC) study, an educational website was designed to provide information on safety concerns in chronic kidney disease. Phase I study participants were provided a medical alert accessory with a unique ID number, the Safe Kidney Care website, and an in-person tutorial on the use of the Internet and accessing the SKC website at baseline. Participants were asked to visit the website and enter their unique ID as frequently as they desired over the next 365 days or until their annual follow-up visit, whichever occurred first. Participants’ visits and dwell times on specific safety modules were tracked using embedded webpage PHP scripts linked to a MySQL database, enabling the collection of website usage statistics. Results Of 108 Phase I participants, 28.7% (31/108) visited the website from 1-6 times during the observation period (median follow-up 365 days). Median access time was 7 minutes per visit (range <1-46) and 13 minutes per person (range <1-123). The three most frequently visited pages were “Renal function calculator”, “Pills to avoid”, and “Foods to avoid”. High school education and frequent Internet use were significantly associated with website entry (P=.02 and P=.03, respectively). Conclusions Preliminary results show general interest in a Web-based platform designed to improve patient safety in chronic kidney disease. Trial Registration Clinicaltrials.gov NCT01407367; http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01407367 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6KvxFKA6M). PMID:24240617

  18. Internet and Privacy

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Fadhli, Meshal Shehab

    2007-01-01

    The concept of privacy is hard to understand and is not easy to define, because this concept is linked with several dimensions. Internet Privacy is associated with the use of the Internet and most likely appointed under communications privacy, involving the user of the Internet’s personal information and activities, and the disclosure of them online. This essay is going to present the meaning of privacy and the implications of it for Internet users. Also, this essay will demonstrate some of t...

  19. Stages of information search in the internet for political phenomena analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Канюк, Надія Вікторівна; Пелещишин, Андрій Миколайович

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with topical issue of efficient search of information in the World Wide Web system, information about political phenomena which is subject to further analysis (for example content or event analysis).3 requirements to information intended for analyzing political phenomena were outlined in the paper: it must be up to date, credible and in sufficient quantity. 6 stages of information search and selection based on these requirements were also proposed: determination of geographic...

  20. The architecture for a real-time traffic multimedia Internet geographic information system

    OpenAIRE

    Anthony G O Yeh; Lai, P.C.; Wong, S. C.; Yung, Nelson H. C.

    2004-01-01

    Accurate and timely traffic information enables road users to make informed decisions to enable them to optimise their route choices by avoiding congestion. Such information is instrumental to transport management as bus and taxi operators can reschedule their fleets in response to prevailing traffic conditions to minimise the effects of traffic congestion on their services. The information can also be used by the traffic management control centres of transport and highway authorities to stre...

  1. A Comprehensive Theoretical Framework for Personal Information-Related Behaviors on the Internet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beldad, Ardion; Jong, de Menno; Steehouder, Michaël

    2011-01-01

    Although there is near consensus on the need for privacy, the reality is that people's attitude toward their personal information privacy is complex. For instance, even when people claim that they value their information privacy, they often trade their personal information for tangible or intangible

  2. Nuclear expert web mining system: monitoring and analysis of nuclear acceptance by information retrieval and opinion extraction on the Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reis, Thiago; Barroso, Antonio C.O.; Imakuma, Kengo, E-mail: thiagoreis@usp.b, E-mail: barroso@ipen.b, E-mail: kimakuma@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    This paper presents a research initiative that aims to collect nuclear related information and to analyze opinionated texts by mining the hypertextual data environment and social networks web sites on the Internet. Different from previous approaches that employed traditional statistical techniques, it is being proposed a novel Web Mining approach, built using the concept of Expert Systems, for massive and autonomous data collection and analysis. The initial step has been accomplished, resulting in a framework design that is able to gradually encompass a set of evolving techniques, methods, and theories in such a way that this work will build a platform upon which new researches can be performed more easily by just substituting modules or plugging in new ones. Upon completion it is expected that this research will contribute to the understanding of the population views on nuclear technology and its acceptance. (author)

  3. Nuclear expert web mining system: monitoring and analysis of nuclear acceptance by information retrieval and opinion extraction on the Internet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a research initiative that aims to collect nuclear related information and to analyze opinionated texts by mining the hypertextual data environment and social networks web sites on the Internet. Different from previous approaches that employed traditional statistical techniques, it is being proposed a novel Web Mining approach, built using the concept of Expert Systems, for massive and autonomous data collection and analysis. The initial step has been accomplished, resulting in a framework design that is able to gradually encompass a set of evolving techniques, methods, and theories in such a way that this work will build a platform upon which new researches can be performed more easily by just substituting modules or plugging in new ones. Upon completion it is expected that this research will contribute to the understanding of the population views on nuclear technology and its acceptance. (author)

  4. Conceptual Model for Automatic Early Warning Information System of Infectious Diseases Based on Internet Reporting Surveillance System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA-QI MA; LI-PING WANG; XUAO-PENG QI; XIAO-MING SHI; GONG-HUAN YANG

    2007-01-01

    Objective To establish a conceptual model of automatic early warning of infectious diseases based on internet reporting surveillance system,with a view to realizing an automated warning system on a daily basis and timely identifying potential outbreaks of infectious diseases. Methods The statistic conceptual model was established using historic surveillance data with movable percentile method.Results Based on the infectious disease surveillance information platform,the conceptualmodelfor early warning was established.The parameter,threshold,and revised sensitivity and specificity of early warning value were changed to realize dynamic alert of infectious diseases on a daily basis.Conclusion The instructive conceptual model of dynamic alert can be used as a validating tool in institutions of infectious disease surveillance in different districts.

  5. Willingness to Use the Internet to Seek Information on HIV Prevention and Care among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Justumus, Pauline; Colby, Donn; Mai Doan Anh, Thi; Balestre, Eric

    2013-01-01

    Background In Vietnam, men who have sex with men (MSM) are highly affected by HIV and need new targeted HIV prevention strategies. Objectives To assess the willingness to use the Internet to seek information on HIV prevention and care and associated factors among MSM in Ho Chi Minh City. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012. Participants were recruited using a convenience sampling method in venues most frequented by MSM and completed a self-administered questionnaire. Logistic regression models were performed to estimate factors associated with the willingness to use the Internet to seek information on HIV prevention and care. Results A total of 358 MSM were approached for the survey and 222 questionnaires (62.0%) were eligible for analyses. Overall, 76.1% of the respondents reported that they were willing to use the Internet to seek information on HIV prevention and care. A number of male partners in last year less than or equal to 3 (Adjusted Odds Ratio: 3.07, 95% Confidence interval: 1.40–6.73), a history of STI screening (4.10, 1.02–16.48) and HIV testing (3.23, 1.20–8.64) and having ever sought a male sexual partner through the Internet (3.56, 1.55–8.18) were significantly positively associated with the willingness to use the Internet to seek information on HIV prevention and care. Conclusion The MSM interviewed in Ho Chi Minh City reported a high willingness to use the Internet to seek information on HIV prevention and care. In a context where new media are increasingly considered as promising options for reaching this HIV risk group, further research should be conducted on developing and testing tailored online tools adapted to the needs of Vietnamese MSM. PMID:23977048

  6. Personal Information Privacy Settings of Online Social Networks and their Suitability for Mobile Internet Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Aldhafferi, Nahier; Watson, Charles; A. S. M. Sajeev

    2013-01-01

    Protecting personal information privacy has become a controversial issue among online social network providers and users. Most social network providers have developed several techniques to decrease threats and risks to the users privacy. These risks include the misuse of personal information which may lead to illegal acts such as identity theft. This study aims to measure the awareness of users on protecting their personal information privacy, as well as the suitability of the privacy systems...

  7. An internet-based information management system for oil spill response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, J.W.; Douligeris, C.; Tebeau, P. [Univ. of Miami, FL (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The paper describes the contents and capabilities of OSIMS - the Oil Spill Information Management System. OSIMS is an integrated information management tool providing a graphical interface to an object-oriented database of geographical and other spill-related data. OSIMS combines the utility of a Geographic Information System with the intelligence of a Decision Support System, and provides global access through the World-Wide Web.

  8. LIFE ON THE INTERNET

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The fast development of the Internet has not only changed people’s lifestyles but also had a deep impact on social structure the rapidly growing Internet has not only changed ways of collecting and using information,but also exerted a farreaching influence on social

  9. September 11th, the Internet, and the Affects on Information Provision in Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Stuart

    The September 11th terrorist attacks on the United States have contributed greatly to a change in the information environment around the world. The weeks following the attacks saw governments around the world rush to pass legislation designed to prevent future acts of terrorism. Much of this legislation targeted information flow, especially on the…

  10. Internet Banking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felician ALECU

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Internet Banking (known also as online banking allows performing transactions and payments over the internet through a bank's secure website. This can be very useful, especially for banking outside bank hours (which tend to be very short and banking from anywhere where internet access is available. In most cases a web browser such as Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox is utilized and any normal internet connection is suitable. No special software or hardware is usually needed.

  11. Using the Internet to Seek Information About Genetic and Rare Diseases: A Case Study Comparing Data From 2006 and 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Johanna; Haakonsen, Christy; Lewis, Janine; Della Rocca, Maria; Morrison, Stephanie; Biesecker, Barbara; Kaphingst, Kimberly A

    2014-01-01

    searching the Internet for genetic and rare diseases information, includes a growing interest in participating in clinical research studies and a desire to supplement or better understand information discussed during a visit with a health care provider. These efforts represent advancements in patient self-advocacy. PMID:24565858

  12. Internet based environmental monitoring information system and its application in Yili Prefecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    With the development of Intemet technologies, Intemet Based Information System (IBIS)arises with more advantages: Firstly, it is convenient for users to use owing to the introduction of Intemet technologies. Secondly, it benefits greatly the data dissemination and data sharing based on Intemet. The most important but not the last is that we can establish the information service network supported by its technologies and the facilities of information highway. So, it would be significant to design IBIS to realize the data collection, sharing and dissemination on Intemet. There are many factors affecting regional environment. So it is not easy to realize the integrated environmental monitoring. Given this, we designed the Intemet based environmental monitoring information system.By the virtue of the Intemet based environmental monitoring information system, the management and storage of environmental monitoring data would be easier, which lays the foundation to actualize the environmental monitoring efficiently.

  13. Impact of Information Technology Skills on Old and New Generation Secretarial Teachers in Nigeria Colleges of Education to Utilize Internet for Classroom Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhibeedeen Aliyu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study established the difference between the old generation and new generationsecretarial Teachers in Nigerian Colleges of Education and their ability to utilizeInformation Technology skills to access information from the internet for classroomdelivery. 250 Secretarial Teachers drawn from 58 Accredited Nigerian Colleges ofEducation responded to the questionnaire that was divided into 4 parts. Thequestionnaire was used to obtained information on the respondents’ Bio-data andcomputer use background, Teacher Information Technology Skill AcquisitionCompetence (TITSC, Teacher Information Technology Skills Usage (TITSU, TeacherInformation Technology Internet Knowledge (TITIK, and The extent of usage ofInternet information to teach the Secretarial courses. Data were analyzed using descriptivestatistics and Student t-test at 0.05 level of significance. Results showed that there was nosignificant difference between the Old and New generation Secretarial Teachers in theutilization of their IT skills to access information from the Internet for classroom delivery.The result also revealed that there was a gap between the old and the new generationSecretarial teachers. The new were more proficient in the use of IT than the old becausethey were products of the revised Nigerian Certificate of Education (2002 which wasenriched with Information Technology learning materials. Although there were some basicIT skills needed that were lacking in both the old and new generation Secretarial Teachers,hence were handicapped in their ability to download and upload quality information andteach students how to do that. Owing to the lack of these IT skills therefore, the teacherswere not capable in accessing Internet by using some Information Technology facilities toget vital information for effective classroom delivery. it was therefore recommended that,Secretarial Teachers in Colleges of Education should avail themselves with the opportunityof staff development

  14. RWE NUKEM's 'Living' Nuclear Compendium eNICE. An internet-based, multifunctional nuclear information platform

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwasny, R.; Max, A. [RWE Nukem GmbH, Alzenau (Germany). Fuel Cycle Services

    2002-03-01

    Information has become a commodity particularly important to industry, science, and politics. Information becomes critical because of its rapid change. The basis and the catalyst of this change in information are the information technologies now available, and the Internet with its varied contents. This makes the Internet a new market place which, although it is open, can quickly turn into an information maze because of its sheer volume. Also the nuclear industry must find its way through this maze. eNICE was created in order to build a bridge between the flood of information in the Internet and the information really needed in a specific case. eNICE (e stands for electronic, and NICE stands for Nuclear Information Compendium Europe), a living Internet-based nuclear compendium in the English language, is a unique combination of a broad spectrum of information and data about the use of nuclear power in Europe. The information and data contained in eNICE are interconnected with the World Wide Web in such a way that structured searching for nuclear information is possible quickly and efficiently. This avoids the difficulties sometimes encountered in searches in the Internet as a consequence of the unstructured volume of information. A monthly update of eNICE ensures that the data available are up to date and reliable. eNICE also offers direct access to the library used by RWE NUKEM for internal purposes. (orig.) [German] 'Informationen' spielen heute eine bedeutende Rolle fuer Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Politik. Kritisch werden Informationen aufgrund ihres schnellen Wandels. Basis und Katalysator fuer diesen Informationswandel sind die heute verfuegbaren Informationstechnologien und das Internet mit seinen vielfaeltigen Inhalten. Damit wird das Internet zum neuen Marktplatz, der zwar offen ist, aber auch durch seine Fuelle schnell zum 'Informationsdschungel' werden kann. In diesem 'Informationsdschungel' muss sich auch die

  15. Modeling Online Health Information-Seeking Behavior in China: The Roles of Source Characteristics, Reward Assessment, and Internet Self-Efficacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Weidan; Zhang, Xinyao; Xu, Kaibin; Wang, Yuanxin

    2016-09-01

    The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003 marked the explosion of health information seeking online in China and the increasing emergence of Chinese health websites. There are both benefits and potential hazards of people's online health information seeking. This article intended to test part of Wilson's second model of information behavior, including source characteristics and activating mechanisms, and to identify the relationships among perceived access, perceived expertise credibility, reward assessment, Internet self-efficacy, and online health information-seeking behavior. Data were drawn from face-to-face surveys and an online survey of health information seekers (N = 393) in China. The results showed that source characteristics predicted activating mechanisms, which in turn predicted online health information-seeking behavior. Activating mechanisms, that is, reward assessment and Internet self-efficacy, mediated the relationship between source characteristics (i.e., access and credibility) and online health information-seeking behavior. Strategies for improving information access, expertise credibility, and Internet self-efficacy are discussed in order to maximize the benefits of online health information seeking and to minimize the potential harm. PMID:26861963

  16. Development and Countermeasures of Internet Banking in the Information Age%信息时代下网络银行的发展及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛娜

    2016-01-01

    With the development of China's e-commerce platform, internet banking into the banking sector carrying the train of science and technology. Internet banking use their advantage of being free from time and space constraints, breaking information symmetry, realized the 3A (anytime\\anywhere\\anyway), so as to provide customers with convenient and efficient financial services. In this paper, the comparison between the internet bank and the traditional bank, describes the development and countermeasures of internet banking in the information age from the business model, risk types and business regulation three aspects, thus further promote the development of internet banking.%我国电子商务平台的快速发展,网络银行以其不受时间、空间的限制、打破信息对称的优势,实现了3A (anytime\\anywhere\\anyway)为客户提供方便快捷的金融服务。通过网络银行与传统银行的对比,从经营模式、风险类型和业务监管,从三个方面全面阐释信息时代下网络银行的发展及对策。

  17. Determinants of Information Behaviour and Information Literacy Related to Healthy Eating among Internet Users in Five European Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niedzwiedzka, Barbara; Mazzocchi, Mario; Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica; Gennaro, Laura; Verbeke, Wim; Traill, W. Bruce

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: This study investigates how Europeans seek information related to healthy eating, what determines their information seeking and whether any problems are encountered in doing so. Method: A survey was administered through computer-assisted on-line web-interviewing. Respondents were grouped by age and sex (n = 3003, age +16) in Belgium,…

  18. Information needs of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered health care professionals: results of an Internet survey

    OpenAIRE

    Fikar, Charles R.; Keith, Latrina (NYAM)

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: To obtain basic facts and considered opinions from health care professionals and students (nonlibrarian and librarian) about the information needs of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered (GLBT) health care professionals and their interactions with medical librarians.

  19. Confessions of an Internet Monopolist: Demand Estimation for a Versioned Information Good

    OpenAIRE

    Chappell, Henry; Guimaraes, Paulo; Ozturk, Orgul

    2006-01-01

    We investigate profit-maximizing versioning plans for an information goods monopolist. The analysis employs data obtained from a web-based field experiment in which potential buyers were offered information goods in varied price-quality configurations. Maximum simulated likelihood (MSL) methods are used to estimate parameters describing the distribution of utility function parameters across potential buyers of the good. The resulting estimates are used to examine the impact of versioning on s...

  20. Internet Based Distance Education and Departments of Information and Records Management Internet Tabanlı Uzaktan Eğitim ve Bilgi ve Belge Yönetimi Bölümleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin Odabaş

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Recent developments in Internet and computer technology caused radical changes in education, as in all areas. The utilization of the Internet in the area of education provided new and better solutions to educational problems hitherto unthinkable. It is concluded that, a more effective and efficient education can be provided by using contemporary methods by the side of traditional methods. This article is concerned with the nature of distance education based on the Internet, its emergence and its advantages and disadvantages. Furthermore, the article deals with the applicability of distance education programs in the departments of information and records management in Turkey. Finally, an evaluation was made. Internet ve bilgisayar teknolojisindeki son gelişmeler, bütün alanlarda olduğu gibi, eğitimde de köklü değişimlere neden olmuştur. Internet'in eğitim alanında kullanılmaya başlamasıyla, o zamana kadar çözüm getirilemeyen bazı eğitim sorunlarına çözümler bulunmuştur. Geleneksel modellerin yanısıra, çağdaş yöntemleri uygulayarak daha etkin ve verimli bir eğitimin verilebileceği sonucuna varılmıştır. Bu makale, uzaktan eğitimin ne olduğu, ortaya çıkışı, Internet'e dayalı uzaktan eğitimin avantaj ve dezavantajları üzerinde durmaktadır. Ayrıca, uzaktan eğitim programlarının Türkiye'nin bilgi ve belge yönetimi bölümlerinde uygulanabilirliği de ele alınmış; bu açıdan bir değerlendirme yapılmıştır.