WorldWideScience

Sample records for amnion current scope

  1. Isolation of Human Amnion Epithelial Cells According to Current Good Manufacturing Procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gramignoli, Roberto; Srinivasan, Raghuraman C; Kannisto, Kristina; Strom, Stephen C

    2016-01-01

    Different cell types can be isolated from human placental tissues, and some have been reported to retain phenotypic plasticity and characteristics that make them a promising source of cells for regenerative medicine. Among these are human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs). Adoption of current good manufacturing practices (cGMP) and enhanced quality control is essential when isolating hAECs in order to deliver a safe and effective cellular product for clinical purposes. This unit describes a detailed protocol for selective isolation of hAECs from human term placenta with little to no contamination by other cell types. A method for characterizing the heterogeneity of the hAEC suspension is also provided. The resulting cell product will be useful for clinical as well as basic research applications. © 2016 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PMID:27171794

  2. Gamma radiation sterilized amnion: use in ophthalmology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez P, M. E. [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, Ocoyoacac 52750, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Leon T, Y. [Hospital General Regional 220, IMSS, Paseo Tollocan No. 620, Col. Vertice, Toluca 50150, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Vazquez M, L., E-mail: esther.martinez@inin.gob.m [Hospital General de Mexico, Dr. Balmis 148, Col. Doctores, 06720 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2010-10-15

    Amnion processed at the Radio sterilized Tissue Bank at the National Institute of Nuclear Research, sterilized with {sup 60}Co gamma radiation, have been used in Mexico since 2005 either as a graft to replace the damaged ocular surface, or as a patch to prevent unwanted inflammatory reactions. Patients from the Hospital General de Mexico (HGM) and Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), suffering diverse pathologies such as keratoconjunctivitis; recurrent pterygium associated with symblepharon; corneal neuro trophic ulcers, chemical and thermal burns, and corneal thinning s, had been successfully treated with irradiated amnion. In the HGM, a clinical prospective study on lesions of the ocular surface of 17 eyes from 15 patients, affected with the above mentioned pathologies, was successful in 88.2%. The results have proven to be excellent as much for cosmetic purposes as for functional ones. Without the treatment, the patients could have suffered a healing after-effect or loss of sight. At IMSS, a controlled clinical randomized trial with 108 eyes from 100 patients, affected with primary nasal pterygium, was performed in 2009. These eyes were treated with radio sterilized amnion and intraoperative mitomycin C to prevent recurrence after excision of the primary pterygium. The preliminary results do not shown adverse reaction, inflammation and pain were significantly reduced radio sterilized amnion also offer security because they do no express antigens HLA-A, B or Dr and the sterile irradiated tissue do not provoke rejection or transmit an infective disease. (Author)

  3. Isolation and characterization of equine amnion mesenchymal stem cells

    OpenAIRE

    Coli, Alessandra; Nocchi, Francesca; Lamanna, Roberta; Iorio, Mariacarla; Lapi, Simone; Urciuoli, Patrizia; Scatena, Fabrizio; Giannessi, Elisabetta; Stornelli, Maria Rita; Passeri, Simona

    2011-01-01

    The amnion is a particular tissue whose cells show features of multipotent stem cells proposed for use in cellular therapy and regenerative medicine. From equine amnion collected after the foal birth we have isolated MSCs (mesenchymal stem cells), namely EAMSCs (equine amnion mesenchymal stem cells), from the mesoblastic layer. The cells were grown in α-MEM (α-modified minimum essential medium) and the effect of EGF (epidermal growth factor) supplementation was evaluated. To assess the growth...

  4. Figures in clinical trial reports: current practice & scope for improvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Travison Thomas G

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Most clinical trial publications include figures, but there is little guidance on what results should be displayed as figures and how. Purpose To evaluate the current use of figures in Trial reports, and to make constructive suggestions for future practice. Methods We surveyed all 77 reports of randomised controlled trials in five general medical journals during November 2006 to January 2007. The numbers and types of figures were determined, and then each Figure was assessed for its style, content, clarity and suitability. As a consequence, guidelines are developed for presenting figures, both in general and for each specific common type of Figure. Results Most trial reports contained one to three figures, mean 2.3 per article. The four main types were flow diagram, Kaplan Meier plot, Forest plot (for subgroup analyses and repeated measures over time: these accounted for 92% of all figures published. For each type of figure there is a considerable diversity of practice in both style and content which we illustrate with selected examples of both good and bad practice. Some pointers on what to do, and what to avoid, are derived from our critical evaluation of these articles' use of figures. Conclusion There is considerable scope for authors to improve their use of figures in clinical trial reports, as regards which figures to choose, their style of presentation and labelling, and their specific content. Particular improvements are needed for the four main types of figures commonly used.

  5. Metabolism of vasopressin by human amnion and amniotic fluid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors previously have shown that vasopressin (VP) is metabolized by fetal guinea pig amnion and amniotic fluid into 2 distinct metabolites: M1, produced by amnionic membrane, and M2, produced in amniotic fluid. In this study the authors have examined whether VP can also be metabolized by human amnionic membrane and amniotic fluid collected at term. Tritiated VP (250 pg) was incubated in vitro with either amnionic membrane or amniotic fluid for 2 hours at 37 degrees C, followed by fractionation by HPLC. After incubation with amnionic membrane, tritiated VP was metabolized to Ml with no production of M2, similar to previous findings with guinea pig amnion. Human amniotic fluid, however, produced both M1 and M2 metabolites, unlike guinea pig amniotic fluid which metabolized VP to only M2 with no M1 production. No other metabolic products other than M1 or M2 were isolated. Also, like the M2 produced in guinea pig amniotic fluid, the M2 metabolite in human amniotic fluid comigrates on HPLC with desglycinamide VP. Thus, metabolic components in the human amniotic sac appear to be similar to those present in the guinea pig. These results indicate that the amniotic compartment may be an important clearance site for fetal VP in humans

  6. Job monitoring on the WLCG scope: Current status and new strategy

    CERN Document Server

    Andreeva, J; Belov, S; Casey, J; Dvorak, F; Gaidioz, B; Karavakis, E; Kodolova, O; Kokoszkiewicz, L; Krenek, A; Lanciotti, E; Maier, J; Mulac, M; Rocha Da Cunha Rodrigues, D F; Rocha, R; Saiz, P; Sidorova, I; Sitera, J; Tikhonenko, E; Vaibhav, K; Vocu, M

    2010-01-01

    Job processing and data transfer are the main computing activities on the WLCG infrastructure. Reliable monitoring of the job processing on the WLCG scope is a complicated task due to the complexity of the infrastructure itself and the diversity of the currently used job submission methods. The paper will describe current status and the new strategy for the job monitoring on the WLCG scope, covering primary information sources, job status changes publishing, transport mechanism and visualization.

  7. Figures in clinical trial reports: current practice & scope for improvement

    OpenAIRE

    Travison Thomas G; Pocock Stuart J; Wruck Lisa M

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Most clinical trial publications include figures, but there is little guidance on what results should be displayed as figures and how. Purpose To evaluate the current use of figures in Trial reports, and to make constructive suggestions for future practice. Methods We surveyed all 77 reports of randomised controlled trials in five general medical journals during November 2006 to January 2007. The numbers and types of figures were determined, and then each Figure was assess...

  8. EDIBLE VACCINES FROM GM CROPS: CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE SCOPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doshi V

    2013-06-01

    take “food” rather than “drugs” when we are ill. This review attempts to discuss the current status and future of this new preventive modality.

  9. Diffusion of tritiated water across isolated term human amnion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The diffusional permeability of isolated human amnion to tritiated water is studied in relation to its histological structure. It is shown that the high permeability of this tissue requires an evaluation of the effects on diffusion of unstirred layers of solution adjacent to the membrane. After correction for such effects the magnitude of the permeability coefficient is found to be both larger and more variable than previously reported. The principal reason for this is found to lie with variations in tissue thickness. The results show that for the purposes of water diffusion the amnion may be treated as a homogeneous membrane in the axial co-ordinate of flow. This finding is discussed in relation to other evidence concerning membrane structure. (U.S.)

  10. Maintenance of human amnion epithelial cell phenotype in pulmonary surfactant

    OpenAIRE

    McDonald, Courtney A.; Melville, Jacqueline M; Graeme R Polglase; Jenkin, Graham; Moss, Timothy JM

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Preterm newborns often require mechanical respiratory support that can result in ventilation-induced lung injury (VILI), despite exogenous surfactant treatment. Human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) reduce lung inflammation and resultant abnormal lung development in preterm animals; co-administration with surfactant is a potential therapeutic strategy. We aimed to determine whether hAECs remain viable and maintain function after combination with surfactant. Methods hAECs were inc...

  11. Amniotic membrane is a potential regenerative option for chronic non-healing wounds: a report of five cases receiving dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane allograft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mrugala, Andrew; Sui, Audrey; Plummer, Malgorzata; Altman, Igor; Papineau, Elaine; Frandsen, Devn; Hill, Danielle; Ennis, William J

    2016-08-01

    A case series of five patients with a total of six chronic non-healing wounds (>30 day duration) were non-randomly selected to evaluate the performance, safety and handling properties of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane allograft, an amniotic membrane scaffolding product. The patients had lower extremity wounds that had previously failed standard of care within a university outpatient/inpatient wound healing programme. Five wounds treated with dehydrated amnion/chorion membrane allograft showed a mean 43% area reduction from baseline (51% median) at 3 weeks into treatment and completely healed with a 64-day median time to closure (SD ±27·6 days). One wound worsened at 3 weeks and was found to have a complete central vein obstruction that was treated with long-term mild compression but still eventually healed at 6 months. Removing this outlier, the four responding wounds had a 72% mean and 69% median change in area from baseline, at the 3 week point. All five patients received only one application of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane allograft, and there were no adverse events. The product was easy to use, administer and handle. In summary, dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane allograft appears to be a safe, effective and easy to use therapy for chronic non-healing wounds. This study describes the details of these clinical cases and provides an overview of the current evidence on the use of amniotic tissue in clinical practice. PMID:25974156

  12. ASME nuclear codes and standards: Scope of coverage and current initiatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this paper is to address the broad scope of coverage of nuclear codes, standards and guides produced and administered by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Background information is provided regarding the evolution of the present activities. Details are provided on current initiatives intended to permit ASME to meet the needs of a changing nuclear industry on a worldwide scale. During the early years of commercial nuclear power, ASME produced a code for the construction of nuclear vessels used in the reactor coolant pressure boundary, containment and auxiliary systems. In response to industry growth, ASME Code coverage soon broadened to include rules for construction of other nuclear components, and inservice inspection of nuclear reactor coolant systems. In the years following this, the scope of ASME nuclear codes, standards and guides has been broadened significantly to include air cleaning activities for nuclear power reactors, operation and maintenance of nuclear power plants, quality assurance programs, cranes for nuclear facilities, qualification of mechanical equipment, and concrete reactor vessels and containments. ASME focuses on globalization of its codes, standards and guides by encouraging and promoting their use in the international community and by actively seeking participation of international members on its technical and supervisory committees and in accreditation activities. Details are provided on current international representation. Initiatives are underway to separate the technical requirements from administrative and enforcement requirements, to convert to hard metric units, to provide for non-U. S. materials, and to provide for translations into non-English languages. ASME activity as an accredited ISO 9000 registrar for suppliers of mechanical equipment is described. Rules are being developed for construction of containment systems for nuclear spent fuel and high-level waste transport packagings. Intensive

  13. A discrete network model to represent the deformation behavior of human amnion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mauri, Arabella; Hopf, Raoul; Ehret, Alexander E; Picu, Catalin R; Mazza, Edoardo

    2016-05-01

    A discrete network model (DNM) to represent the mechanical behavior of the human amnion is proposed. The amnion is modeled as randomly distributed points interconnected with connector elements representing collagen crosslinks and fiber segments, respectively. This DNM is computationally efficient and allows simulations with large domains. A representative set of parameters has been selected to reproduce the uniaxial tension-stretch and kinematic responses of the amnion. Good agreement is found between the predicted and measured equibiaxial tension-stretch curves. Although the model represents the amnion phenomenologically, model parameters are physically motivated and their effect on the tension-stretch and in-plane kinematic responses is discussed. The model is used to investigate the local response in the near field of a circular hole, revealing that the kinematic response at the circular free boundaries leads to compaction and strong alignment of the network at the border of the defect. PMID:26700570

  14. Reflections on current methods for evaluating skills during joint replacement surgery: a scoping review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonnadara, R; McQueen, S; Mironova, P; Safir, O; Nousiainen, M; Ferguson, P; Alman, B; Kraemer, W; Reznick, R

    2013-11-01

    Valid and reliable techniques for assessing performance are essential to surgical education, especially with the emergence of competency-based frameworks. Despite this, there is a paucity of adequate tools for the evaluation of skills required during joint replacement surgery. In this scoping review, we examine current methods for assessing surgeons' competency in joint replacement procedures in both simulated and clinical environments. The ability of many of the tools currently in use to make valid, reliable and comprehensive assessments of performance is unclear. Furthermore, many simulation-based assessments have been criticised for a lack of transferability to the clinical setting. It is imperative that more effective methods of assessment are developed and implemented in order to improve our ability to evaluate the performance of skills relating to total joint replacement. This will enable educators to provide formative feedback to learners throughout the training process to ensure that they have attained core competencies upon completion of their training. This should help ensure positive patient outcomes as the surgical trainees enter independent practice. PMID:24151260

  15. Halofuginone- and Chitosan-Coated Amnion Membranes Demonstrate Improved Abdominal Adhesion Prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Washburn

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Our objective was to determine whether coating the amniotic membrane with halofuginone, a type 1 collagen synthase inhibitor, with or without the hemostasis-inducing substance chitosan, reduced the number and severity of adhesions in the rat uterine horn injury model. Sixty retired breeder Sprague-Dawley rats underwent midline laparotomy and a zone of ischemia was created in the left uterine horn of each animal. Rats were randomized to one of six treatment groups: (1 untreated control, (2 oxidized regenerated cellulose (Interceed® (ORC, (3 plain amnion, (4 amnion coated on both sides with 0.5% solution of halofuginone (HAH, (5 amnion coated on one side with 0.5% halofuginone and on the other side with chitosan (CAH, or (6 amnion coated on both sides with chitosan (CAC. The zone of ischemia in each left uterine horn was wrapped in each treatment. Rats were sacrificed 2 weeks after laparotomy, and adhesions were counted and scored for severity. Data were analyzed using Chi square and a p <0.05 was considered significant. Our results showed that there were no differences in the percentage of animals with adhesions in the untreated, ORC, plain amnion, or CAC groups. No adhesions formed in any animal in the HAH group and only 14% of the animals developed adhesions to the uterine horn in the CAH group (p < 0.05. The percentage of animals with moderate and severe adhesions did not differ between untreated controls and the ORC groups, but were significantly reduced in all four of the amnion groups: plain amnion, HAH, CAH, and CAC (p < 0.05. Amnion coated with halofuginone alone or in combination with chitosan reduced the percentage of animals with adhesions, as well as the percentage of animals with moderate and severe adhesions compared to untreated controls and the ORC group in the rat uterine horn injury model. Amnion alone or coated with chitosan reduced the percentage of rats with moderate and severe adhesions, but not the percentage of rats with

  16. Initiation of bone and amnion banking in Turkey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is a growing demand in Turkey for human tissue to use in surgery and wound healing. However, our country does not have facilities for local production of tissue grafts and generally depends on imported products. Under a multi-year project initiated in 1997, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has provided main equipment for tissue processing and experts on tissue banking as well as training on tissue processing methods. In this presentation, information on various stages of the project implementation is given. Details of lay out for the process laboratories and list of equipment supplied by the Agency and purchased locally are also given. Donor selection and testing, processing procedures for bone and amnion, setting up product design, implementation of quality system and radiation sterilisation are described briefly. Quality procedures included preparation of quality manual, Standard Operating Procedures (SOP), record forms, document control, non-conformance and corrective actions, training records, equipment maintenance and calibration are all in line with Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) standards. Clinical applications of tissue grafts and medico-legal position of organ and tissue donation in Turkey are also discussed briefly

  17. Human amnion epithelial cells induced to express functional cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sean V Murphy

    Full Text Available Cystic fibrosis, an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a mutation in a gene encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR, remains a leading cause of childhood respiratory morbidity and mortality. The respiratory consequences of cystic fibrosis include the generation of thick, tenacious mucus that impairs lung clearance, predisposing the individual to repeated and persistent infections, progressive lung damage and shortened lifespan. Currently there is no cure for cystic fibrosis. With this in mind, we investigated the ability of human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs to express functional CFTR. We found that hAECs formed 3-dimensional structures and expressed the CFTR gene and protein after culture in Small Airway Growth Medium (SAGM. We also observed a polarized CFTR distribution on the membrane of hAECs cultured in SAGM, similar to that observed in polarized airway cells in vivo. Further, hAECs induced to express CFTR possessed functional iodide/chloride (I(-/Cl(- ion channels that were inhibited by the CFTR-inhibitor CFTR-172, indicating the presence of functional CFTR ion channels. These data suggest that hAECs may be a promising source for the development of a cellular therapy for cystic fibrosis.

  18. The Current Landscape of Transitions of Care Practice Models: A Scoping Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rochester-Eyeguokan, Charmaine D; Pincus, Kathleen J; Patel, Roshni S; Reitz, Shirley J

    2016-01-01

    Transitions of care (TOC) are a set of actions to ensure patient coordination and continuity of care as patients transfer between different locations or levels. During transitions associated with chronic or acute illness, vulnerable patients may be placed at risk with fragmented systems compromising their health and safety. In addition, poor care transitions also have an enormous impact on health care spending. The primary objective of this scoping review is to summarize the current landscape of practice models that deliver TOC services in the United States. The secondary objective is to use the information to characterize the current state of best practice models. A search of the PubMed, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, National Center for Biotechnology Information at the U.S. National Library of Medicine, and Cochrane Library databases (January 1, 2000-April 13, 2015) for articles pertaining to TOC models, limited to U.S. studies published in the English language with human subjects, gleaned 1362 articles. An additional 26 articles were added from the gray literature. Articles meeting inclusion criteria underwent a second review and were categorized into four groups: background information, original TOC research articles not evaluating practice model interventions, original TOC research articles describing practice models, and systematic or Cochrane reviews. The reviewers met weekly to discuss the challenges and resolve disagreements regarding literature reviews with consensus before progressing. A total of 188 articles describing TOC practice models met the inclusion criteria. Despite the strengths of several quality TOC models, none satisfied all the components recommended by leading experts. Multimodal interventions by multidisciplinary teams appear to represent a best practice model for TOC to improve patient outcomes and reduce readmissions, but one size does not fit all

  19. Smad5 determines murine amnion fate through the control of bone morphogenetic protein expression and signalling levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosman, Erika A; Lawson, Kirstie A; Debruyn, Joke; Beek, Lisette; Francis, Annick; Schoonjans, Luc; Huylebroeck, Danny; Zwijsen, An

    2006-09-01

    Smad5 is an intracellular mediator of bone morphogenetic protein (Bmp) signalling. It is essential for primordial germ cell (PGC) development, for the development of the allantois and for amnion closure, as demonstrated by loss of Bmp signalling. By contrast, the appearance of ectopic PGC-like cells and regionalized ectopic vasculogenesis and haematopoiesis in thickened Smad5(m1/m1) amnion are amnion defects that have not been associated with loss of Bmp signalling components. We show that defects in amnion and allantois can already be detected at embryonic day (E) 7.5 in Smad5 mutant mice. However, ectopic Oct4-positive (Oct4(+)) and alkaline phosphatase-positive (AP(+)) cells appear suddenly in thickened amnion at E8.5, and at a remote distance from the allantois and posterior primitive streak, suggesting a change of fate in situ. These ectopic Oct4(+), AP(+) cells appear to be Stella negative and hence cannot be called bona fide PGCs. We demonstrate a robust upregulation of Bmp2 and Bmp4 expression, as well as of Erk and Smad activity, in the Smad5 mutant amnion. The ectopic expression of several Bmp target genes in different domains and the regionalized presence of cells of several Bmp-sensitive lineages in the mutant amnion suggest that different levels of Bmp signalling may determine cell fate. Injection of rBMP4 in the exocoelom of wild-type embryos can induce thickening of amnion, mimicking the early amnion phenotype in Smad5 mutants. These results support a model in which loss of Smad5 results paradoxically in gain of Bmp function defects in the amnion. PMID:16887830

  20. Penggunaan Tetes Telinga Serum Autologous dengan Amnion untuk Penutupan Perforasi Membran Timpani

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hidayatul Fitria

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Latar Belakang: Gangguan pendengaran atau ketulian mempunyai dampak yang merugikan bagi penderita , keluarga, masyarakat maupun negara. Salah satu penyebab ketulian yang sering dijumpai adalah radang telinga tengah, terutama yang disertai perforasi membran timpani yang menetap. Penutupan perforasi membran timpani dapat dilakukan dengan operatif dan konservatif. Secara konservatif sudah banyak cara yang dilakukan. Salah satunya dengan mengkaustik tepi perforasi dengan menggunakan silver nitrat untuk membuat luka baru, kemudian digunakan amnion sebagai jembatan (bridge dan faktor regulasi yang terdapat pada tetes telinga serum autologous. Tujuan: Untuk menjelaskan gambaran penggunaan amnion sebagai jembatan dan tetes telinga serum autologous sebagai faktor regulasi. Tinjauan pustaka: Penutupan perforasi membran timpani dapat dilakukan secara konservatif salah satunya dengan menggunakan tetes telinga serum autologous sebagai faktor regulator, amnion sebagai jembatan dan penggunaan silver nitrat pada tepi perforasi untuk membuat luka baru. Serum autologous memiliki asselerator pertumbuhan yaitu epidermal growth factor (EGF , transforming growth factor β1 (TGF- β1 dan fibronektin. Asselerator pertumbuhan ini dapat kita temukan pada penyembuhan membran timpani normal. Sedangkan membran amnion adalah jaringan semi transparan tipis yang membentuk lapisan terdalam membran fetus dengan susunan membran basalis yang tebal dan jaringan stroma avaskuler. Membran amnion mempercepat pembentukan epitel normal dengan menekan pembentukan jaringan fibrosis. Sel epitel amnion memproduksi faktor pertumbuhan seperti fibroblast growth factor dan transforming growth factor beta. Faktor pertumbuhan akan membantu komunikasi antara epitel dan sel fibroblast stroma untuk menekan proliferasi dan diferensiasi jaringan fibrosis. Kesimpulan: Diperlukan tiga elemen pada penutupan perforasi membran timpani yaitu faktor regulasi, jembatan (bridge dan membuat luka baru

  1. Broadening the scope of open innovation : past research, current state and future directions

    OpenAIRE

    Van de Vrande, Vareska; Vanhaverbeke,Wim; Gassmann, Oliver

    2010-01-01

    In this first paper of the special issue, we identify some trends in open innovation research by analysing how the literature on this topics has evolved since the introduction of the concept in 2003. Research on open innovation has been mushrooming ever since and the scope has been broadened in different directions. Researchers also started to analyse open innovation at different level of analysis from the individual actors in organisations to ecosystems and national innovation systems. Despi...

  2. Expression of Inflammatory Markers in Pig Amnion after Intraamniotic Infection with Nonpathogenic or Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šplíchalová, Alla; Šplíchal, Igor; Trebichavský, Ilja; Hojná, H.

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 49, č. 6 (2004), s. 638-639. ISSN 0015-5632 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5020903 Keywords : pig amnion * escherichia coli Subject RIV: EE - Microbiology, Virology Impact factor: 1.034, year: 2004

  3. Clinical studies on using lyophilised radiation sterilised amnion membranes as dressing for leprosy wound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leprosy is a chronic disease caused by a bacillus Mycobacterium leprae and characterised by the formation of nodules or of macules that enlarge and spread accompanied by loss of sensation with eventual paralysis and production of deformities and mutilation. The wound of the disease can be treated by using conventional method such as Zinc Oxide (ZnO) Ointment with sterile gauze. Human amnion membranes have been used as a biological burn dressing with good results for several decades. A comparison study on using that conventional dressings and radiation sterilised lyophilised amnion membranes has been done at Sitanala Leprosarium to observe the effectiveness of using amnion membranes as leprosy wound dressing. Number of patients observed were 85, age from 12 to 60 years old. The locations of the wounds observed were at the leg and arm, with two types of wound i.e. reaction and simple ulcer. Parameter observed was the length of the healing time of the wounds. Results show that the average length of the healing time of the wound can be reduced from 64 days to 30 days when using amnion membranes compared to using the conventional wound dressing. The length of the healing time of the simple ulcer is longer that those of reaction wound using both of the dressings

  4. Safety Profile of Amnion-Derived Cellular Cytokine Solution (ACCS) Following Topical Skin Application in Patients Receiving Breast Radiotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Trombetta, Mark; Julian, Thomas B.; Wickerham, D. Lawrence; Steed, David L.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To establish a safety profile for amnion-derived cellular cytokine solution following topical application in patients undergoing whole breast radiotherapy for breast cancer. Materials and Methods: Twenty female patients with early-stage breast cancer were enrolled in 2 separate cohorts of an institutional review board–approved phase I protocol. Cohort 1 consisted of 10 patients who received topical amnion-derived cellular cytokine solution to the breast immediately following the fi...

  5. The Use of Amnion-Derived Cellular Cytokine Solution to Improve Healing in Acute and Chronic Wound Models

    OpenAIRE

    Franz, Michael G.; Payne, Wyatt G.; Xing, Liyu; Naidu, D. K; Salas, R. E; Marshall, Vivienne S.; Trumpower, C. J; Smith, Charlotte A; Steed, David L.; Robson, M. C.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: Growth factors demonstrate mixed results improving wound healing. Amnion-derived multipotent cells release physiologic levels of growth factors and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases. This solution was tested in models of acute and chronic wound healing. Methods: Acute model: Sprague-Dawley rats underwent laparotomy incisions. The midline fascia was primed with phosphate-buffered saline, unconditioned media, or amnion-derived cellular cytokine suspension prior to incision. Bre...

  6. Role of government in public health: Current scenario in India and future scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakshminarayanan, Subitha

    2011-01-01

    The new agenda for Public Health in India includes the epidemiological transition, demographical transition, environmental changes and social determinants of health. Based on the principles outlined at Alma-Ata in 1978, there is an urgent call for revitalizing primary health care in order to meet these challenges. The role of the government in influencing population health is not limited within the health sector but also by various sectors outside the health systems. This article is a literature review of the existing government machinery for public health needs in India, its success, limitations and future scope. Health system strengthening, human resource development and capacity building and regulation in public health are important areas within the health sector. Contribution to health of a population also derives from social determinants of health like living conditions, nutrition, safe drinking water, sanitation, education, early child development and social security measures. Population stabilization, gender mainstreaming and empowerment, reducing the impact of climate change and disasters on health, improving community participation and governance issues are other important areas for action. Making public health a shared value across the various sectors is a politically challenging strategy, but such collective action is crucial. PMID:21694957

  7. Role of government in public health: Current scenario in India and future scope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subitha Lakshminarayanan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The new agenda for Public Health in India includes the epidemiological transition, demographical transition, environmental changes and social determinants of health. Based on the principles outlined at Alma-Ata in 1978, there is an urgent call for revitalizing primary health care in order to meet these challenges. The role of the government in influencing population health is not limited within the health sector but also by various sectors outside the health systems. This article is a literature review of the existing government machinery for public health needs in India, its success, limitations and future scope. Health system strengthening, human resource development and capacity building and regulation in public health are important areas within the health sector. Contribution to health of a population also derives from social determinants of health like living conditions, nutrition, safe drinking water, sanitation, education, early child development and social security measures. Population stabilization, gender mainstreaming and empowerment, reducing the impact of climate change and disasters on health, improving community participation and governance issues are other important areas for action. Making public health a shared value across the various sectors is a politically challenging strategy, but such collective action is crucial.

  8. Pre-B cell colony enhancing factor (PBEF/NAMPT/Visfatin) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) cooperate to increase the permeability of the human placental amnion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astern, J.M.; Collier, A.C.; Kendal-Wright, C.E.

    2012-01-01

    Fluid efflux across the region of the amnion overlying the placenta is an essential component of the intramembranous absorption pathway that maintains amniotic fluid volume homeostasis. Dysregulation of this pathway may result in adverse pregnancy outcomes, however the factors controlling amnion permeability are unknown. Here, we report a novel mechanism that increases placental amnion permeability. Pre-B Cell Colony Enhancing Factor (PBEF) is a stress-responsive cytokine expressed by the human amnion, and is known to induce Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) production by other cell types. Interestingly, VEGF is up-regulated in the ovine amnion when intramembranous absorption is augmented. In this study, we show that PBEF induced VEGF secretion by primary human amniotic epithelial cells (AEC) derived from the placental amnion, as well as from the reflected amnion that lines the remainder of the gestational sac. Further, PBEF treatment led to the increased expression of VEGFR2 in placental AEC, but not reflected AEC. To test the hypothesis that PBEF and VEGF increase placental amnion permeability, we monitored the transfer of 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein (DCF) from the fetal to the maternal side of human amnion explants. A treatment regimen including both PBEF and VEGF increased the rate of DCF transfer across the placental amnion, but not the reflected amnion. In summary, our results suggest that by augmenting VEGFR2 expression in the placental amnion, PBEF primes the tissue for a VEGF-mediated increase in permeability. This mechanism may have important implications in amniotic fluid volume control throughout gestation. PMID:23151382

  9. The use of gamma irradiation for sterilization of bones and amnions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Irradiation of tissue graft for sterilization is an extension of the commercialized use of radiation technology in the medical product industry. Radiation dosimetry validation on large bone grafts, irradiated in frozen state (-800 C) at 25 kGy was studied using ceric-cerous dosimeters. Better absorbed dose uniformity (1.06-1.07) was obtained for grafts irradiated when the gamma irradiation plant was not in operation for routine service as compared to the simultaneous irradiation (1.13-1.15). The possibility of lowering the sterilization dose less than 25 kGy was also looked into. Sterilization dose setting of processed amnion grafts was based on the initial bioburden and the types of microbes isolated prior to radiation. Sterilization dose, at the most 17.6 kGy, could be used for processed amnion grafts with the initial bioburden less than 100 colonies per graft

  10. Diagnostic distinction between anencephaly and amnion rupture sequence based on skeletal analysis.

    OpenAIRE

    Keeling, J W; Kjaer, I

    1994-01-01

    The axial skeletal development of eight second trimester aborted fetuses, clinically diagnosed as amnion rupture sequence with cranial involvement, was examined radiographically and histologically. Three of the eight fetuses showed axial skeletal malformation in the spine and the craniofacial skeleton corresponding to the malformations seen in anencephaly. These are vertebral body malformations, consisting of double corpora and of osseous malformations in the components of the cranial base, t...

  11. Synthesis of oxytocin in amnion, chorion, and decidua may influence the timing of human parturition.

    OpenAIRE

    Chibbar, R; Miller, F D; Mitchell, B F

    1993-01-01

    Despite the widespread clinical use of oxytocin (OT) as a potent and specific stimulant of labor, previous research data have not supported a role for OT in the physiology of normal human parturition. We have demonstrated synthesis of OT mRNA in amnion, chorion, and decidua using Northern blot analysis, ribonuclease protection assays, and in situ hybridization. Probes directed towards both the 3' and 5' ends of the gene have been used. Levels were highest in decidua with considerably less in ...

  12. Culture, characterization and differentiation of cells from buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) amnion

    OpenAIRE

    Mann, A.; Yadav, R.P.; Singh, J; KUMAR, D; Singh, B.; P.S. Yadav

    2012-01-01

    Stem cells present an important tool in livestock assisted reproduction and veterinary therapeutic field such as tissue engineering. We report for the first time isolation of pluripotent stem cell-like cells expressing pluripotency markers (alkaline phospahatase, OCT-4, NANOG and SOX-2) from the amnion of water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). The cells showed no apparent abnormalities in their chromosomal profiles before and after cryopreservation. The cytochemical staining revealed that pluripote...

  13. Amnion and Chorion Membranes: Potential Stem Cell Reservoir with Wide Applications in Periodontics

    OpenAIRE

    Akanksha Gupta; Kedige, Suresh D.; Kanu Jain

    2015-01-01

    The periodontal therapy usually aims at elimination of disease causing bacteria and resolution of inflammation. It involves either resective or regenerative surgery to resolve the inflammation associated defects. Over the years, several methods have been used for achievement of periodontal regeneration. One of the oldest biomaterials used for scaffolds is the fetal membrane. The amniotic membranes of developing embryo, that is, amnion (innermost lining) and chorion (a layer next to it), have ...

  14. Potential role of metalloproteinase inhibitors from radiation‑sterilized amnion dressings in the healing of venous leg ulcers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litwiniuk, Małgorzata; Bikowska, Barbara; Niderla-Bielińska, Justyna; Jóźwiak, Jarosław; Kamiński, Artur; Skopiński, Piotr; Grzela, Tomasz

    2012-10-01

    Chronic wounds are a significant socio-economic problem, thus, the improvement of the effectiveness of their treatment is an important objective for public health strategies. The predominant stage of the chronic wound is the inflammatory reaction which is associated with the damage of tissues, possibly due to the excessive secretion and activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Several reports have suggested that amnion dressing inhibits tissue destruction and accelerates wound healing. Our recent study revealed that sterilized amnion stimulates keratinocyte proliferation in vitro, while the present study focused on the clinical application of radiation-sterilized amnion in chronic venous leg ulcers and aimed to explain the possible mechanism of its in vivo action. The study involved 25 individuals suffering from venous leg ulceration with a surface area of 10-100 cm2 and a healing rate below 10% per week, as verified during a 2-week screening period. The effectiveness of the amnion dressing was estimated following 4 weeks of treatment. The wound assessment, based on a modified Bates-Jensen Questionnaire, revealed a good and satisfactory response to the treatment in 23 of the 25 patients. The measurement of MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities in wound exudates revealed a decrease in activity in response to amnion application. This effect resulted from the presence of the potent MMP inhibitors, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), type-1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) and thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) in the amnion dressings, as shown by real-time fluorescence zymography and protein microarrays. Thus, unlike modern synthetic dressing materials, radiation-sterilized amnion dressings may have a multidirectional beneficial effect on chronic wounds. PMID:22798012

  15. Diabetes treatment: A rapid review of the current and future scope of stem cell research

    OpenAIRE

    Sheik Abdulazeez, Sheriff

    2013-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus is a major health concern of the developing and developed nations across the globe. This devastating disease accounts for the 5% deaths around the world annually. The current treatment methods do not address the underlying causes of the disease and have severe limitations. Stem cells are unique cells with the potential to differentiate into any type of specialized cells. This feature of both adult and embryonic stem cells was explored in great detail by the scientists around...

  16. Radiation sterilisation dose determination for lyophilised amnion membranes and lyophilised bone grafts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation sterilisation of medical products is now well established in commercial scale and at present there are more than two hundred irradiation facilities in operation throughout the world. It is a cold sterilisation process without toxic chemical residues, high degree of safety and easy to control, so that it is a safe technology to sterilise human tissue grafts. According to ISO (International Organisation of Standard) No. 11137, radiation sterilisation dose should be established based on the number of product's bioburden (number of product's contaminated microbes before irradiation). Bioburden of lyophilised amnion membranes and lyophilised bone grafts produced by Batan Research Tissue Bank (BRTB) have been determined since 1990 and 1994 consecutively by using 100 up to 120 pieces of samples per year. Results show that the average bioburden of the amnion membranes were 1.4 ( 0.2 x 103; 1.2 (0.2 x 103; 1.2 ( 1.2 x 103; 4.5 ( 0.5 x 102; 1.8 ( 0.9 x 102; 2.4 ( 2.3 x 102; 1.7(l.5 x 102; 1.5 ( 1.7 x 102 cells per sample, calculated in 1990 to 1997 consecutively and the average bioburden of the bonegrafts were 1.5 (0.4x 101; 0.25 (0.12 x 101; 0; 0 cells per sample, calculated in 1994 to 1997 consecutively. Morphological of those contaminants were found to be Gram positive coccoid forms (98%) and Gram positive vegetative rod (2%) with the D10 - values of 0.25 to 0.50 kGy. No spore forming bacteria and Gram negative bacteria were found in those contaminations. The highest bioburden of lyophilised amnion membranes and lyophilised bone grafts were found to be 4900 and 80 cells per sample consecutively, and the lowest was found to be 0 cell per sample in both of materials observed. According to ISO 11137 radiation sterilisation doses for amnion membranes were ranging between 21 to 25 kGy and for bone grafts was around 15 kGy with the Sterility Assurance Level (SAL) of 106. Since 1990, radiation sterilisation dose used for lyophilised amnion membranes produced by BRTB

  17. An Introduction to Laser Assisted Microfabrication, Current Status and Future Scope of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostendorf, A.

    From the invention of the laser almost about five decades ago scientists have studied the potential of laser micromachining. Compared to high power laser applications most applications on the microscale require rather moderate average powers in the range of a few watts or below along with good beam qualities and the possibility to use pulsed and/or short wavelength laser systems. Most applications in this field are based on ablation , i.e., material removal for structuring , drilling , or precise cutting of materials. However, current activities are also ongoing in adapting rapid prototyping , i.e., generative processes to the microscale. Finally, a tremendous amount of research activities are carried out to generate nanostructures. Because of the wavelength and the diffraction limit in classical optics new approaches have been taken into account to overcome these limitations and making use of the unique properties of laser radiation also on the nanometer scale. This chapter provides an overview of pulsed laser assisted micromachining with a focus on structuring by laser ablation , laser generative processes, and finally nanomachining.

  18. The human amnion is a site of MHC class lb expression: Evidence for the expression of HLA-E and HLA-G

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Houlihan, J.M.; Harper, H.M.; Jenkinson, H.J. [Univ. of Bristol (United Kingdom)] [and others

    1995-06-01

    The expression of HLA class I Ag by term human amnion epithelial cells was investigated. In immunostaining and FACS analysis, mAb to monomorphic class I Ag reacted extensively with amnion cells, whereas polymorphic mAb reactivity was more limited and variable. Further studies were conducted on amnion cell preparations containing negligible contaminants. Northern analysis with use of locus-specific probes demonstrated that amnion expresses two class lb genes, HLA-E and HLA-G. Radio-immunoprecipitation with use of monomorphic mAb identified two fully glycosylated cell surface class I H chains of 44 and 41 kDa; polymorphic mAbs failed to immunoprecipitate the 41-kDa product, although 44-kDa products, typical of class la Ag, were identified in some preparations. Class I H chains were isolated from amnion by affinity chromatography. Microsequencing revealed that the first nine residues of the N-terminus of the 41-kDa product aligned perfectly only with HLA-E. Overall, amnion at term appears to express class lb Ag with limited class la Ag. HLA-G is therefore expressed in two extrafetal epithelia: amnion and trophoblast. Identification of the class lb protein HLA-E-E in amnion epithelium may have implications for preterm labor that can be associated with infection of the placental membranes. 44 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. Use of gamma-irradiated amnion as a biological dressing in the management of radiation induced ulcers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The treatment of moist skin desquamation (ulceration) following radiation therapy focuses on promoting healing, preventing microbial infections, protecting from mechanical trauma and providing pain relief. Various dressings like hydrocolloid, 1% gentian violet and other topical applications are routinely used. This study evaluated the use of freeze-dried, irradiated amnion from the Tata Memorial Hospital Tissue Bank in the management of radiation ulcers from 2001 to 2007. During this period, 2095 amnion dressings were used in 554 patients (238 male and 316 female). The ulcer was cleaned with normal saline and the amnion applied directly on the affected area. No topical antibiotics were used. The ulcer sites were in the regions of the groin and perianal area (40.79%), head and neck (30.50%), breast and axilla (18.59%), limbs (5.78%), chest (2.70%) and back (1.62%). Healing occurred within 4 days to 14 days using a single application of amnion in 291 patients (52.53%), 2 dressings in 129 patients (23.28%) and 3 dressings in 74 patients (13.36%). The remaining 60 patients (10.83%) required four or more dressings which were used over a period of a month. The amnion dressing was found to be convenient to apply and adhered well to the affected areas without the use of any adhesives unlike with routine hydro-colloid dressing. This was particularly advantageous in sites with irregular contours such as the groin and perianal areas and the head and neck regions (71.29%). Patients experienced almost immediate pain relief and the need for analgesics was reduced. In the majority of patients healing occurred earlier than was usually obtained with routine dressings. The amnion dressing proved to be advantageous over co ventional dressings because of its convenience of use and cost effectiveness due to shorter duration of healing, fewer dressing changes and diminished use of analgesics and antibiotics. (Author)

  20. A quantitative in vitro assay of polymorphonuclear leukocyte migraton through human amnion membrane utilizing 111In-oxine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A modified amnion chemotaxis assay is described for measurement of polymorphonuclear leukocyte(s) (PMNL) migration (random and directed) into a viable membrane. The primary modifications are the use of 111In-oxine-labelled PMNL and replacement of the nitrocellulose 'trap' filter with a type I collagen sponge. The modifications resulted in four important benefits: (1) the quantification of PMNL migration was simplified; (2) reader subjectivity was eliminated; (3) the information gained of the migration process was enhanced; and (4) the assay time was decreased. The amnion chemotaxis assay with the modifications reported should provide the means of evaluating several aspects of the inflammatory response of PMNL. (Auth.)

  1. Post-Stroke Inflammation and the Potential Efficacy of Novel Stem Cell Therapies: Focus on Amnion Epithelial Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiruma V Arumugam

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ischemic stroke is a debilitating disease for which there are currently no effective treatments besides the clot-buster, tissue plasminogen activator, which is administered to less than 10 % of patients due to a limited (4.5 h time window of efficacy. Thus, there is an urgent need for novel therapies that can prevent or reverse the effects of stroke-induced brain injury. Recent encouraging reports have revealed that stem cells derived from human tissue, including embryonic, induced pluripotent, neural, and mesenchymal cells, can rescue injured brain tissue and improve functional recovery in experimental models of stroke. However, there are potentially major limitations to each of these types of stem cells that may ultimately prevent or restrict their use as viable mainstream treatment options for stroke patients. Conversely, stem cells derived from the placenta, such as human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs, appear to have several important advantages over other stem cell lineages, in particular their non-tumorigenic and non-immunogenic characteristics. Surprisingly, so far hAECs have received little attention as a potential stroke therapy. This brief review will firstly describe the inflammatory response and immune cell involvement following stroke, and then consider the potential for hAECs to improve stroke outcome given their unique characteristics. These actions of hAECs may involve a reduction of local inflammation and modulation of the immune response, promotion of neural recovery, differentiation into neural tissue, re-innervation of lost connections, and secretion of necessary cytokines, growth factors, hormones and/or neurotransmitters to restore cellular function.

  2. Versuche zur elektrophysiologischen Charakterisierung des Amnions von Hühnerembryonen ( Gallus gallus f. domestica ) mit Hilfe der Ussing - Kammer - Methode

    OpenAIRE

    Blasius, Heiner

    2010-01-01

    It was the aim of this study to characterize the chick amnion electrophysiologically using “Ussing” - chamber experiments. To this end, it was first necessary to establish an appropriate time window for the examinations. According to literature data and preliminary experimental data, incubation days D9 and D10 were chosen. Furthermore, an adequate preparation technique was established. The experimental buffer system was assembled according to literature data. After clarifying these met...

  3. Angiogenic properties of dehydrated human amnion/chorion allografts: therapeutic potential for soft tissue repair and regeneration

    OpenAIRE

    Koob, Thomas J; Lim, Jeremy J.; Massee, Michelle; Zabek, Nicole; Rennert, Robert; Gurtner, Geoffrey; Li, William W

    2014-01-01

    Background Chronic wounds are associated with a number of deficiencies in critical wound healing processes, including growth factor signaling and neovascularization. Human-derived placental tissues are rich in regenerative cytokines and have been shown in randomized clinical trials to be effective for healing chronic wounds. In this study, PURION® Processed (MiMedx Group, Marietta, GA) dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane tissue allografts (dHACM, EpiFix®, MiMedx) were evaluated for prope...

  4. Characterization of Side Cell Populations Obtained from Human Amnion Mesenchymal Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ning; PIAO Zhengfu; Mamoru Kobayashi; Koji Sasaki; DING Shu-qin; Aiko Kikuchi; Isao Kamo; Norio Sakuragawa

    2009-01-01

    Human amnion mesenchymal cells (AMCs) contain multipotent cells. To enrich such multipotent stem cells, we applied to AMCs the new method for the isolation of side population (SP) cells used for the enrichment of multipotent stem cells from many tissues. We succeeded in obtaining SP cells from AMCs (AMC-SP cells). AMC-SP cells were found in 0.2% of AMCs, irrespective of the length of pregnant period, ranging from 37 to 40 weeks. Cell cycle analyses uggested that AMC-SP cells belonged to a cell population that proliferated very slowly and/or was in a quiescent state in the amniotic membrane. Upon culturing, they proliferated with 40 to 80 cell doublings. However, they did not form colonies in a soft agarose culture, whereas HepG2 cells, representative human hepatoma cells formed many large colonies. These results suggest that AMC-SP cells that have considerable value for the use of regenerative medicine can be managed safely in vitro.

  5. Retinoid inhibition of in vitro invasion of human amnion basement membrane by human tumor cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The biological activity of retinoids was assayed in an in vitro quantitative assay of human tumor cell invasion using human amnion basement membrane (BM). The effects measured were the inhibition of tumor cell migration through the BM and tumor cell degradative enzyme activity on 14C-proline labeled collagenous and noncollagenous components of the BM. The human lung carcinoma A549 or the human Ewing's sarcoma TC-106 cell lines treated with retinoids for two days were incubated on the BM in the absence of retinoids. A dose-dependent inhibition of cell invasion was produced by retinoids. Among the retinoids tested, the most powerful was retinol acetate which inhibited invasion by 50% of A549 cells at a concentration of 0.009 μg/mL, and of TC-106 cells at 0.07 μg/mL. Retinol acetate inhibited A549 and TC-106 cell growth by approximately 50% at levels over 100-fold higher than those needed for antiinvasive activity. Retinol acetate was about 20 times more potent than retinoic acid and 30 times more potent than retinol palmitate. The model system will be useful for investigating antiinvasive activity of other retinoids as well as other compounds

  6. 单层辐射人羊膜对皮损创面的促愈作用%Effect of single-layer radiation-treated human amnion on healing of skin wound surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨国华; 苗文哲; 刘彤; 赵薇; 孟庆刚; 贾继峰

    2003-01-01

    @@ INTRODUCTION Fresh human amnion used to cover burn wound surface has been reported, but its preparation and store is complicated that make it difficult for clinical application. Clinical application of single-layer radiation-treated human amnion in skin-offering and abrasion wound has achieved a good effect.

  7. THE EFFECTS OF AMNIONIC NUTRIENT ADMINISTRATION, "IN OVO FEEDING" OF ARGININE AND/OR BETA-HYROXY-BETA-METHYBUTYRATE (HMB) ON INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTORS, ENERGY METABOLISM AND GROWTH IN TURKEY POULTS

    Science.gov (United States)

    In ovo feeding (IOF), injecting nutrients into the amnion, may improve growth performance by enhancing circulating IGF’s and glycogen reserves. To test this hypothesis 400 Hybrid turkey eggs were injected into the amnion with 1.5 ml saline solutions consisting of 4 IOF formulation treatments consist...

  8. A pilot survey of the current scope of the practice of South African physiotherapists in the intensive care units

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. van Aswegen

    2005-02-01

    survey that the scope of practice of physiotherapy in ICU didn’t differ significantly between the government and private sector in South Africa. The role of the intensive care physiotherapist in South Africa was similar to that of the European physiotherapist  working in ICU.

  9. A comparative in vitro study of the viability of human keratinocytes grown on irradiated human amnion membrane and fibrin glue scaffolds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The dried irradiated human amnion membrane has been used as a biological dressing for various clinical conditions. Being another biological membrane its potential as a scaffold to grow human keratinocytes is not known yet. To compare the growth patterns and cell viability of keratinocytes using fibrin glue and air dried amnion membrane as a scaffold. Keratinocytes were obtained from skin samples of six patients undergoing elective surgery. Fibrin glue (Tisseel, Baxter ) was diluted and used to coat the wells. Human dried amnion membrane was obtained and placed into the 24 well plates. Keratinocytes were seeded into the fibrin and amnion scaffold. Cell viability assay (MTT) was performed after 24, 48 and 72 hours. Finally the measurements were done by the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) reader at 570 nm. Six patients consented for the study. The cells growing on the amnion scaffold showed a decreasing trend (20.67%, 17.94% and 16.78% respectively for 24, 48 and 72 hours). The cells growing on the fibrin scaffold showed a steady increase in number at 24, 48 and 72 hours (73.03%, 74.12% and 79.66%). The percentage of growth of normal human keratinocytes were significantly greater in the fibrin scaffold group (Mann - Whitney p = 0.002) for 24, 48 and 72 hours. The air dried irradiated human amnion membrane can be used as a scaffold to grow keratinocytes but however the growth pattern does not sustain with time. Fibrin glue supports the growth of human keratinocytes and shows an increasing pattern of growth with time. (Author)

  10. Integrating Radiology and Anatomy Teaching in Medical Education in the UK--The Evidence, Current Trends, and Future Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heptonstall, N B; Ali, T; Mankad, K

    2016-04-01

    This review article presents the current evidence of the importance of integrating radiology and anatomy in medical education in the UK, a recommendation by a number of key anatomy, education, and radiology organizations. Current evidence highlights that on average only 5% of total teaching time in medical education is dedicated to radiology. Often, radiology teaching does not adequately fulfill students' learning needs and potentially leaves them underprepared for medical practice. Benefits of integrating radiology and anatomy include improved clinical application of anatomy, an increase in student's interest in anatomy, and ultimately improved radiological interpretation. Various modalities exist for the integration of radiology and anatomy, facilitated by the vast portability of radiological images. It appears that combining radiological resources with traditional anatomy teaching methodology in a blended approach is most beneficial. PMID:26970390

  11. Enantioselective cytotoxicity of the insecticide bifenthrin on a human amnion epithelial (FL) cell line

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Synthetic pyrethroids (SPs) are used in preference to organochlorines and organophosphates due to their high efficiency, low toxicity to mammals, and ready biodegradability. Previous studies reported that enantioselective toxicity of SPs occurs in aquatic toxicity. Several studies have indicated that SPs could lead to oxidative damage in humans or animals which was associated with their toxic effects. Little is known about the differences in the effects of chronic toxicity induced by individual stereoisomers of chiral SPs. The present study was therefore undertaken to evaluate the enantioselectivity in cytotoxicity, genotoxicity caused by bifenthrin (BF) on human amnion epithelial (FL) cell lines and pesticidal activity on target organism. The cell proliferation and cytoflow analysis indicated that 1S-cis-BF presented more toxic effects than 1R-cis-BF above the concentration of 7.5 mg L-1 (p > 0.05). FL cells incubated with 1S-cis-BF exhibited a dose-dependent accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). In the comet assay, the number of cells with damaged DNA incubated with 1S-cis-BF was more than that with 1R-cis-BF (p 50 values of enantiomer to the target pest on Pieris rapae L. show that 1R-cis-BF was 300 times more active than 1S-cis-BF. These results indicate that the enantioselective toxicity and activity of BF between non-target organism and target organism was reversal. These implications together suggest that assessment of the environmental safety and new pesticides development with chiral centers should consider enantioselectivity

  12. Current status and scope of gallium nitride-based vertical transistors for high-power electronics application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gallium nitride (GaN) is becoming the material of choice for power electronics to enable the roadmap of increasing power density by simultaneously enabling high-power conversion efficiency and reduced form factor. This is because the low switching losses of GaN enable high-frequency operation which reduces bulky passive components with negligible change in efficiency. Commercialization of GaN-on-Si materials for power electronics has led to the entry of GaN devices into the medium-power market since the performance-over-cost of even first-generation products looks very attractive compared to today's mature Si-based solutions. On the other hand, the high-power market still remains unaddressed by lateral GaN devices. The current and voltage demand for high-power conversion application makes the chip area in a lateral topology so large that it becomes difficult to manufacture. Vertical GaN devices would play a big role alongside silicon carbide (SiC) to address the high-power conversion needs. In this paper vertical GaN devices are discussed with emphasis on current aperture vertical electron transistors (CAVETs) which have shown promising performance. The fabrication-related challenges and the future possibilities enabled by the availability of good-quality, cost-competitive bulk GaN material are also evaluated for CAVETs. (invited review)

  13. Current role of radial and curved-linear arrayed EUS scopes for diagnosis of pancreatic abnormalities in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irisawa, Atsushi

    2011-05-01

    To elucidate the current status of radial and curved-linear arrayed endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), the author conducted a survey using a questionnaire at different institutions to assess the following. 1. Number of EUS procedures conducted annually for pancreatic malignancies. 2. Role of radial arrayed EUS for pancreatic abnormalities. 3. Role of curved-linear arrayed EUS for pancreatic abnormalities. 4. Indication of EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA) for pancreatic abnormalities. 5. Percentage of EUS-FNA among the cases carried out with EUS for pancreatic abnormalities. 6. Experience of EUS with contrast harmonic echo for pancreatic malignancies and its indications. 7. Experience of elastography on EUS for pancreatic abnormalities. In Japan, although usage of curved-linear arrayed EUS has become popular for both EUS-FNA and for screening, radial EUS is widely used for diagnosing pancreatic abnormalities. Endosonographers must understand the respective advantages and disadvantages of EUS devices and carry out EUS procedures appropriately. PMID:21535192

  14. Efektivitas Membran Amnion Liofilisasi (Handmade Tubular sebagai Nerve Conduit pada Perbaikan Cedera Saraf Perifer Tikus dengan Gap 5 mm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Dadan G. Gandadikusumah

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Peripheral nerve injury with 5–30 mm gap which is caused by direct injury cases (87% or iatrogenic (12% become a special concern because it could cause a serious disability in the future. Therefore, we need many kinds of nerve repair methods without adding morbidity to the patient. One of the methods is entubulation method, by using natural or synthetic material. This was an animal experimental research by using simple random design in Departement Pharmachology Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung in May 2012. The samples were used 14 Wistar rats, divided into 2 groups. After creating gap on sciatic nerve, nerve conduit was installed on case group by using handmade tubular lyophilized amnion membrane. Nerve conduit was not installed in control group. After 21 days observation, conduction test and histopathology examination were done. Data were analyzed by using non-parametric statistical analysis sign test. All animals survived without any serious surgical complication. Result showed a significant difference between groups; the conduction test=0.016 (p<0.05, nerve growth to distal gap=0.063 (p<0.05, no radier direction of nerve growth=0.031 (p<0.05. Reaction of inflammation was minimum and there was no difference between two groups. In conclusion, handmade tubular lyophilized amnion membrane is effective as nerve conduit in repair of peripheral nerve injury with 5 mm gap.

  15. Amnion-Epithelial-Cell-Derived Exosomes Demonstrate Physiologic State of Cell under Oxidative Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheller, Samantha; Papaconstantinou, John; Urrabaz-Garza, Rheanna; Richardson, Lauren; Saade, George; Salomon, Carlos; Menon, Ramkumar

    2016-01-01

    At term, the signals of fetal maturity and feto-placental tissue aging prompt uterine readiness for delivery by transitioning quiescent myometrium to an active stage. It is still unclear how the signals reach the distant myometrium. Exosomes are a specific type of extracellular vesicle (EVs) that transport molecular signals between cells, and are released from a wide range of cells, including the maternal and fetal cells. In this study, we hypothesize that i) exosomes act as carriers of signals in utero-placental compartments and ii) exosomes reflect the physiologic status of the origin cells. The primary aims of this study were to determine exosomal contents in exosomes derived from primary amnion epithelial cells (AEC). We also determined the effect of oxidative stress on AEC derived exosomal cargo contents. AEC were isolated from amniotic membrane obtained from normal, term, not in labor placentae at delivery, and culture under standard conditions. Oxidative stress was induced using cigarette smoke extract for 48 hours. AEC-conditioned media were collected and exosomes isolated by differential centrifugations. Both growth conditions (normal and oxidative stress induced) produced cup shaped exosomes of around 50 nm, expressed exosomes enriched markers, such as CD9, CD63, CD81 and HSC70, embryonic stem cell marker Nanog, and contained similar amounts of cell free AEC DNA. Using confocal microscopy, the colocalization of histone (H) 3, heat shock protein (HSP) 70 and activated form of pro-senescence and term parturition associated marker p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) (P-p38 MAPK) co-localized with exosome enrich marker CD9. HSP70 and P-p38 MAPK were significantly higher in exosomes from AEC grown under oxidative stress conditions than standard conditions (pexosome characteristics and their cargo reflected the physiologic status of the cell of origin and suggests that AEC-derived exosomal p38 MAPK plays a major role in determining the fate of pregnancy

  16. Amnion-Epithelial-Cell-Derived Exosomes Demonstrate Physiologic State of Cell under Oxidative Stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheller, Samantha; Papaconstantinou, John; Urrabaz-Garza, Rheanna; Richardson, Lauren; Saade, George; Salomon, Carlos; Menon, Ramkumar

    2016-01-01

    At term, the signals of fetal maturity and feto-placental tissue aging prompt uterine readiness for delivery by transitioning quiescent myometrium to an active stage. It is still unclear how the signals reach the distant myometrium. Exosomes are a specific type of extracellular vesicle (EVs) that transport molecular signals between cells, and are released from a wide range of cells, including the maternal and fetal cells. In this study, we hypothesize that i) exosomes act as carriers of signals in utero-placental compartments and ii) exosomes reflect the physiologic status of the origin cells. The primary aims of this study were to determine exosomal contents in exosomes derived from primary amnion epithelial cells (AEC). We also determined the effect of oxidative stress on AEC derived exosomal cargo contents. AEC were isolated from amniotic membrane obtained from normal, term, not in labor placentae at delivery, and culture under standard conditions. Oxidative stress was induced using cigarette smoke extract for 48 hours. AEC-conditioned media were collected and exosomes isolated by differential centrifugations. Both growth conditions (normal and oxidative stress induced) produced cup shaped exosomes of around 50 nm, expressed exosomes enriched markers, such as CD9, CD63, CD81 and HSC70, embryonic stem cell marker Nanog, and contained similar amounts of cell free AEC DNA. Using confocal microscopy, the colocalization of histone (H) 3, heat shock protein (HSP) 70 and activated form of pro-senescence and term parturition associated marker p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) (P-p38 MAPK) co-localized with exosome enrich marker CD9. HSP70 and P-p38 MAPK were significantly higher in exosomes from AEC grown under oxidative stress conditions than standard conditions (pmass spectrometry and bioinformatics analysis identified 221 different proteins involved in immunomodulatory response and cell-to-cell communication. This study determined AEC exosome

  17. 75 FR 79339 - Notice of Scope Rulings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-20

    ... Rulings, 75 FR 52311 (August 25, 2010). This current notice covers all scope rulings and anticircumvention... its turbocharger spindle units are within the scope of the antidumping duty order; requested...

  18. 76 FR 10558 - Notice of Scope Rulings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... of Scope Rulings, 75 FR 79339 (December 20, 2010). This current notice covers all scope rulings and... Threaded Rod from the People's Republic of China. Requestor: Elgin Fastener Group; hex collared stud is...

  19. 76 FR 73596 - Notice of Scope Rulings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... Scope Rulings, 76 FR 31301 (May 31, 2011). This current notice covers all scope rulings and...: C2F, Inc.; its PRO-0203-01 black journal and PTL-018121 black bound-stitched journal are not within... scope of the antidumping duty order; requested October 12, 2010. A-570-900: Diamond Sawblades and...

  20. A prospective, randomised comparative study of weekly versus biweekly application of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane allograft in the management of diabetic foot ulcers

    OpenAIRE

    Zelen, Charles M; Serena, Thomas E.; Robert J. Snyder

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine if weekly application of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane allograft reduce time to heal more effectively than biweekly application for treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. This was an institutional review board-approved, registered, prospective, randomised, comparative, non-blinded, single-centre clinical trial. Patients with non-infected ulcers of ≥ 4 weeks duration were included for the study. They were randomised to receive weekly or biweekly app...

  1. A roentgenographic assessment of regenerative efficacy of bioactive Gengigel® in conjunction with amnion membrane in grade II furcation defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Harveen Kalra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nowadays, techniques are being developed to guide and instruct the specialized cellular components of the periodontium to participate in the regenerative process. This approach of reconstruction makes use of understanding of the development of the periodontium and the cellular processes that are involved. Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring non-sulfated high molecular weight glycosaminoglycan that forms a critical component of the extracellular matrix and contributes significantly to tissue hydrodynamics, cell migration, and proliferation. Hence, its administration to periodontal wound sites could achieve comparable beneficial effects in periodontal tissue regeneration. Hence, the purpose of the present case report was to assess roentgenographically, the regenerative capacity of Gengigel® in conjunction with bioactive amnion guided tissue regeneration (GTR membrane in a patient with Grade II furcation defect. Case Presentation: A patient complained of bleeding gums from the lower back tooth region, reportedly found Grade II furcation in the lower right mandibular first molar. After Phase, I therapy, Gengigel® along with bioactive amnion membrane was placed in the furcation area during the surgical phase. Roentgenographic assessment was done at 4 months and 6 months postoperatively. It resulted in complete defect-fill and loss of radiolucency at 6 months. Conclusion: Surgical placement of Gengigel® along with amnion membrane in the furcation defect can significantly improve the periodontal defect morphology.

  2. A comparison of the growth of selected mycobacteria in HeLa, monkey kidney, and human amnion cells in tissue culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    SHEPARD, C C

    1958-02-01

    HeLa, monkey kidney, and human amnion cells in tissue cultures were compared as sites for the multiplication of strains of tubercle bacilli or original and reduced pathogenicity, and for several other species of mycobacteria capable of causing disease in humans. The arrangement of the pathogenic species inorder of their growth rates in HeLa cells was Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium balnei, and the "yellow bacillus," followed closely by the tubercle bacillus. This order was also correct for these species in monkey kidney and human amnion cells, and is the same as that seen in bacteriological media. The arrangement of the strains of tubercle bacilli in order of their growth rates in all three types of cells was: H37Rv, then R1Rv, and lastly H37Ra, which multiplied about as slowly as BCG. An INH-resistant strain grew about as rapidly as H37Rv. Growth of the pathogenic species occurred at about the same rates in HeLa and monkey kidney cells, but was distinctly slower in human amnion cells, which are less active metabolically. Irradiation of the cells in doses up to 5000 r did not affect the subsequent growth of mycobacteria in them. Preliminary experiments with human leprosy bacilli indicate that they can be introduced into these cells in high numbers and that the bacilli then persist for the life of the cells. PMID:13491759

  3. The oxytocin receptor antagonist, Atosiban, activates pro-inflammatory pathways in human amnion via G(αi) signalling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sung Hye; MacIntyre, David A; Hanyaloglu, Aylin C; Blanks, Andrew M; Thornton, Steven; Bennett, Phillip R; Terzidou, Vasso

    2016-01-15

    Oxytocin (OT) plays an important role in the onset of human labour by stimulating uterine contractions and promoting prostaglandin/inflammatory cytokine synthesis in amnion via oxytocin receptor (OTR) coupling. The OTR-antagonist, Atosiban, is widely used as a tocolytic for the management of acute preterm labour. We found that in primary human amniocytes, Atosiban (10 μM) signals via PTX-sensitive Gαi to activate transcription factor NF-κB p65, ERK1/2, and p38 which subsequently drives upregulation of the prostaglandin synthesis enzymes, COX-2 and phospho-cPLA2 and excretion of prostaglandins (PGE2) (n = 6; p Atosiban treatment increased expression and excretion of the inflammatory cytokines, IL-6 and CCL5. We also showed that OT-simulated activation of NF-κB, ERK1/2, and p38 and subsequent prostaglandin and inflammatory cytokine synthesis is via Gαi-2 and Gαi-3 but not Gαq, and is not inhibited by Atosiban. Activation or exacerbation of inflammation is not a desirable effect of tocolytics. Therefore therapeutic modulation of the OT/OTR system for clinical management of term/preterm labour should consider the effects of differential G-protein coupling of the OTR and the role of OT or selective OTR agonists/antagonists in activating proinflammatory pathways. PMID:26586210

  4. Market scope

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nova Scotia's Energy Strategy is aimed at opening the electricity market to wholesale competition, allowing eligible wholesale customers (such as municipal distribution utilities) to buy their electricity from competitive sources. The Nova Scotia Electricity Marketplace Governance Committee (EMGC) is concerned that this will not promote long-term competition because these eligible customers form only a very small fraction (1.6 per cent) of the total electricity demand in the province. This report examines the possible extensions of competition beyond the minimum specified in the Energy Strategy. It also identifies approaches that the EMGC may consider, including other potential levels of competition and their associated issues. The report discussed the issue of implementing wholesale competition as it relates to unbundling of the transmission tariff from the cost of energy supply and from the cost of distribution in retail marketing. The stages of expanding the market scope were also described with reference to large industrial customers, medium industrial and large commercial customers, and small commercial and residential customers. The report states that it is unlikely that the transition to an open access transmission market will need to be reversed, as it is likely to be an essential component of any further development. The EMGC feels it could minimize future transition costs and promote future evolution of competition by recommending for an institutional and market structure that is compatible with a broader competitive market

  5. Human Amnion Epithelial Cells Induced to Express Functional Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator

    OpenAIRE

    Murphy, Sean V.; Rebecca Lim; Philip Heraud; Marian Cholewa; Mark Le Gros; de Jonge, Martin D.; Howard, Daryl L.; David Paterson; Courtney McDonald; Anthony Atala; Graham Jenkin; Wallace, Euan M

    2012-01-01

    Cystic fibrosis, an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a mutation in a gene encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), remains a leading cause of childhood respiratory morbidity and mortality. The respiratory consequences of cystic fibrosis include the generation of thick, tenacious mucus that impairs lung clearance, predisposing the individual to repeated and persistent infections, progressive lung damage and shortened lifespan. Currently there is no cure fo...

  6. 77 FR 9893 - Notice of Scope Rulings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-21

    ... Rulings, 76 FR 73596 (November 29, 2011). This current notice covers all scope rulings and... Distributing, Inc.'s cast smart splitter is not within the scope of the antidumping duty order; June 6, 2011. A...: Ashley Furniture Industries Inc.; certain polyurethane mirrors and an upholstered mirror are ] not...

  7. Comparison of structural changes in skin and amnion tissue grafts for transplantation induced by gamma and electron beam irradiation for sterilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mrázová, H; Koller, J; Kubišová, K; Fujeríková, G; Klincová, E; Babál, P

    2016-06-01

    Sterilization is an important step in the preparation of biological material for transplantation. The aim of the study is to compare morphological changes in three types of biological tissues induced by different doses of gamma and electron beam radiation. Frozen biological tissues (porcine skin xenografts, human skin allografts and human amnion) were irradiated with different doses of gamma rays (12.5, 25, 35, 50 kGy) and electron beam (15, 25, 50 kGy). Not irradiated specimens served as controls. The tissue samples were then thawn and fixed in 10 % formalin, processed by routine paraffin technique and stained with hematoxylin and eosin, alcian blue at pH 2.5, orcein, periodic acid Schiff reaction, phosphotungstic acid hematoxylin, Sirius red and silver impregnation. The staining with hematoxylin and eosin showed vacuolar cytoplasmic changes of epidermal cells mainly in the samples of xenografts irradiated by the lowest doses of gamma and electron beam radiation. The staining with orcein revealed damage of fine elastic fibers in the xenograft dermis at the dose of 25 kGy of both radiation types. Disintegration of epithelial basement membrane, especially in the xenografts, was induced by the dose of 15 kGy of electron beam radiation. The silver impregnation disclosed nuclear chromatin condensation mainly in human amnion at the lowest doses of both radiation types and disintegration of the fine collagen fibers in the papillary dermis induced by the lowest dose of electron beam and by the higher doses of gamma radiation. Irradiation by both, gamma rays and the electron beam, causes similar changes on cells and extracellular matrix, with significant damage of the basement membrane and of the fine and elastic and collagen fibers in the papillary dermis, the last caused already by low dose electron beam radiation. PMID:26649556

  8. The Role of Amnion Membrane-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Differentiation and Expansion of Natural Killer Cell Progenitors Originated From Umbilical Cord Blood Mononuclear Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmadi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Background Natural killer (NK cells are members of the innate immune system. Their unique properties, including recognition of viral infected and tumor cells without major histocompatibility complex (MHC restriction or prior sensitization, make them a suitable choice for immunotherapy. Low numbers of NK cells in circulating blood is the most important obstacle for this goal. Objectives The aim of this study was to make an optimum in vitro condition to proliferate and differentiate cord blood (CB-NK cell progenitors to mature NK cells, which can be used for cell therapy. Materials and Methods In our study, CB-Mononuclear Cells’ (MNCs CD3+ lymphocytes were positive depleted using immunomagnetic microbeads. This CD3-depleted (CD3-dep CB - MNCs compartment was used for in vitro expansion with or without a layer of amnion membrane mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs in combination with cytokines that are essential for NK cells expansion (IL-2, IL-3, IL-15, and FLT3 ligand. The expansion period lasted for one week. On day seven, immunophenotype and fold expansion of differentiated cells were measured. Results Combination of cytokines and MSC layer yielded significant fold expansion in comparison with cytokines without feeder conditions (day 7: 5.2 ± 1.12 and 2 ± 0.78, respectively, P < 0.05. CD3-/CD56+ cells percentage increased during the culture period in MSCs/with cytokine and cytokine/without feeder, respectively (day 0: 4.4 ± 0.42% and day 7: 22.9 ± 3.6% and 13.9 ± 1.92 % for MSC/with cytokine and cytokine without feeder, respectively. Conclusions Our results suggested that CB-NK cells progenitors could proliferate and differentiate on feeder layer of amnion membrane MSCs in combination with specific cytokines to produce NK cells for immunotherapy.

  9. Product Scope and Endogenous Fluctuations

    OpenAIRE

    Weder, Mark; Pavlov, Oscar

    2015-01-01

    Recent empirical evidence suggests that product creation is procyclical and it occurs largely within existing fi rms. Motivated by these findings, the current paper investigates the role of intrafi rm product scope choice in a general equilibrium economy with oligopolistic producers. We show that the multi-product nature of fi rms makes the economy signifi cantly more susceptible to sunspot equilibria. The estimated indeterminate model generates artifi cial business cycles that closely resemb...

  10. Quantifier Scope and Constituency

    CERN Document Server

    Park, J C

    1995-01-01

    Traditional approaches to quantifier scope typically need stipulation to exclude readings that are unavailable to human understanders. This paper shows that quantifier scope phenomena can be precisely characterized by a semantic representation constrained by surface constituency, if the distinction between referential and quantificational NPs is properly observed. A CCG implementation is described and compared to other approaches.

  11. Contribution of aquaporin 9 and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 to differential sensitivity to arsenite between primary cultured chorion and amnion cells prepared from human fetal membranes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshino, Yuta [Department of Clinical Molecular Genetics, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Yuan, Bo, E-mail: yuanbo@toyaku.ac.jp [Department of Clinical Molecular Genetics, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California San Francisco, 1550 4th St, RH584E Box 2911 San Francisco, CA 94158-2911 (United States); Kaise, Toshikazu [Laboratory of Environmental Chemodynamics, School of Life Sciences, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Takeichi, Makoto [Yoneyama Maternity Hospital, 2-12 Shin-machi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0065 (Japan); Tanaka, Sachiko; Hirano, Toshihiko [Department of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Kroetz, Deanna L. [Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California San Francisco, 1550 4th St, RH584E Box 2911 San Francisco, CA 94158-2911 (United States); Toyoda, Hiroo [Department of Clinical Molecular Genetics, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 1432-1 Horinouchi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan)

    2011-12-15

    Arsenic trioxide (arsenite, As{sup III}) has shown a remarkable clinical efficacy, whereas its side effects are still a serious concern. Therefore, it is critical to understand the effects of As{sup III} on human-derived normal cells for revealing the mechanisms underlying these side effects. We examined the effects of As{sup III} on primary cultured chorion (C) and amnion (A) cells prepared from human fetal membranes. A significant dose-dependent As{sup III}-mediated cytotoxicity was observed in the C-cells accompanied with an increase of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Higher concentrations of As{sup III} were required for the A-cells to show cytotoxicity and LDH release, suggesting that the C-cells were more sensitive to As{sup III} than the A-cells. The expression levels of aquaporin 9 (AQP9) were approximately 2 times higher in the C-cells than those in the A-cells. Both intracellular arsenic accumulation and its cytotoxicity in the C-cells were significantly abrogated by sorbitol, a competitive AQP9 inhibitor, in a dose-dependent manner. The protein expression levels of multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) 2 were downregulated by As{sup III} in the C-cells, but not in the A-cells. No significant differences in the expression levels of MRP1 were observed between C- and A-cells. The protein expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) was hardly detected in both cells, although a detectable amount of its mRNA was observed. Cyclosporine A, a broad-spectrum inhibitor for ABC transporters, and MK571, a MRP inhibitor, but not PGP-4008, a P-gp specific inhibitor, potently sensitized both cells to As{sup III}-mediated cytotoxicity. These results suggest that AQP9 and MRP2 are involved in controlling arsenic accumulation in these normal cells, which then contribute to differential sensitivity to As{sup III} cytotoxicity between these cells. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Examination of effect of As{sup III} on primary cultured chorion (C) and amnion

  12. Contribution of aquaporin 9 and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 to differential sensitivity to arsenite between primary cultured chorion and amnion cells prepared from human fetal membranes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arsenic trioxide (arsenite, AsIII) has shown a remarkable clinical efficacy, whereas its side effects are still a serious concern. Therefore, it is critical to understand the effects of AsIII on human-derived normal cells for revealing the mechanisms underlying these side effects. We examined the effects of AsIII on primary cultured chorion (C) and amnion (A) cells prepared from human fetal membranes. A significant dose-dependent AsIII-mediated cytotoxicity was observed in the C-cells accompanied with an increase of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Higher concentrations of AsIII were required for the A-cells to show cytotoxicity and LDH release, suggesting that the C-cells were more sensitive to AsIII than the A-cells. The expression levels of aquaporin 9 (AQP9) were approximately 2 times higher in the C-cells than those in the A-cells. Both intracellular arsenic accumulation and its cytotoxicity in the C-cells were significantly abrogated by sorbitol, a competitive AQP9 inhibitor, in a dose-dependent manner. The protein expression levels of multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) 2 were downregulated by AsIII in the C-cells, but not in the A-cells. No significant differences in the expression levels of MRP1 were observed between C- and A-cells. The protein expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) was hardly detected in both cells, although a detectable amount of its mRNA was observed. Cyclosporine A, a broad-spectrum inhibitor for ABC transporters, and MK571, a MRP inhibitor, but not PGP-4008, a P-gp specific inhibitor, potently sensitized both cells to AsIII-mediated cytotoxicity. These results suggest that AQP9 and MRP2 are involved in controlling arsenic accumulation in these normal cells, which then contribute to differential sensitivity to AsIII cytotoxicity between these cells. -- Highlights: ► Examination of effect of AsIII on primary cultured chorion (C) and amnion (A) cells. ► Dose-dependent AsIII-mediated cytotoxicity in C-cells, not in A

  13. RADAR PPI Scope Overlay

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — RADAR PPI Scope Overlays are used to position a RADAR image over a station at the correct resolution. The archive maintains several different RADAR resolution...

  14. Concrete decontamination scoping tests

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report details the research efforts and scoping tests performed at the Idaho Chemical Process Plant using scabbling, chemical, and electro-osmotic decontamination techniques on radiologically contaminated concrete

  15. Disjunction, focus, and scope

    OpenAIRE

    Han, Chung-Hye; Romero, Maribel

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the observation that disjunction cannot take wide scope in negative non-wh-questions and declaratives with a preposed negative element. This rules out the alternative question reading for non-wh-questions with preposed negation and the wide-scope or reading for neg-inverted declaratives. We show that effects parallel to the ones associated with preposed negation can be reproduced in affirmative non-wh-questions and declaratives when Focus is involved. We propose that prepo...

  16. The EarthScope Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baru, C.; Ahern, T.; Anderson, G.; Behrends, K.; Casey, R.; Hoyt, B.; Kamb, L.; Lin, K.; Meertens, C.; Memon, A.; Muench, J.; Stolte, C.; Weertman, B.; Weiland, C.

    2007-12-01

    The EarthScope Portal is being developed in order to provide a unified, single-point of access to EarthScope data products from USArray, PBO, and SAFOD experiments. The portal will feature basic search and data access capabilities to allow users to discover and access EarthScope data using spatial, temporal, and other metadata- based search conditions. In this presentation, we will describe the features and design of the portal, which is being developed by a team consisting of GEON (Geosciences Network, http://www.geongrid.org), IRIS, UNAVCO, and Stanford. The portal search module invokes Web services developed by IRIS, UNAVCO, and Stanford to search for EarthScope data in the archives at each of these locations. The Web services provide information about all resources (data) that match the specified search conditions. Users will be able to select from the returned data sets, add selected data to a "data cart", and request the selected data to be packaged for download to the user. The initial services being defined are for "station discovery", to find which stations are available for specified spatial and temporal bounds, and "data discovery", to find the data sets that are available from the stations. Users will subsequently be able to choose the specific datasets, which will be assembled in a user "workspace" and available for download. The EarthScope Portal leverages the significant portal development efforts of the GEON Project at the San Diego Supercomputer Center, SDSC (http://portal.geongrid.org), and the development of Web services interfaces at the three data archive facilities. The portal is implemented using the open source GridSphere portal software infrastructure which supports the well-known Java portlet interface, viz. JSR 168 or the Portlet API. It uses a set of "core" portlets that have been developed in GEON for Data Registration, Search, and Workspace Services. We will provide a report on the current state of development of the Portal. A

  17. 77 FR 38767 - Notice of Scope Rulings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... Rulings, 77 FR 32568 (June 1, 2012). This current notice covers all scope rulings and anticircumvention...-968: Aluminum Extrusions from the People's Republic of China Requestor: Rubbermaid; cleaning system...: Aluminum Extrusions from the People's Republic of China Requestor: Rubbermaid; non-extruded...

  18. 76 FR 31301 - Notice of Scope Rulings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ... Rulings, 76 FR 10558 (February 25, 2011). This current notice covers all scope rulings and... Furniture from the People's Republic of China. Requestor: Stork Craft Manufacturing; whether its infant... tissue paper from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (``Vietnam'') are circumventing the antidumping...

  19. A prospective, randomised comparative study of weekly versus biweekly application of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane allograft in the management of diabetic foot ulcers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelen, Charles M; Serena, Thomas E; Snyder, Robert J

    2014-04-01

    The aim of this study is to determine if weekly application of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane allograft reduce time to heal more effectively than biweekly application for treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. This was an institutional review board-approved, registered, prospective, randomised, comparative, non-blinded, single-centre clinical trial. Patients with non-infected ulcers of ≥ 4 weeks duration were included for the study. They were randomised to receive weekly or biweekly application of allograft in addition to a non-adherent, moist dressing with compressive wrapping. All wounds were offloaded. The primary study outcome was mean time to healing. Overall, during the 12-week study period, 92·5% (37/40) ulcers completely healed. Mean time to complete healing was 4·1 ± 2·9 versus 2·4 ± 1·8 weeks (P = 0·039) in the biweekly versus weekly groups, respectively. Complete healing occurred in 50% versus 90% by 4 weeks in the biweekly and weekly groups, respectively (P = 0·014). Number of grafts applied to healed wounds was similar at 2·4 ± 1·5 and 2·3 ± 1·8 for biweekly versus weekly groups, respectively (P = 0·841). These results validate previous studies showing that the allograft is an effective treatment for diabetic ulcers and show that wounds treated with weekly application heal more rapidly than with biweekly application. More rapid healing may decrease clinical operational costs and prevent long-term medical complications. PMID:24618401

  20. Stem cell therapy to protect and repair the developing brain: a review of mechanisms of action of cord blood and amnion epithelial derived cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margie eCastillo-Melendez

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In the research, clinical and wider community there is great interest in the use of stem cells to reduce the progression, or indeed repair brain injury. Perinatal brain injury may result from acute or chronic insults sustained during fetal development, during the process of birth, or in the newborn period. The most readily identifiable outcome of perinatal brain injury is cerebral palsy, however this is just one consequence in a spectrum of mild to severe neurological deficits. As we review, there are now clinical trials taking place worldwide targeting cerebral palsy with stem cell therapies. It will likely be many years before strong evidence-based results emerge from these trials. With such trials underway, it is both appropriate and timely to address the physiological basis for the efficacy of stem-like cells in preventing damage to, or regenerating, the newborn brain. Appropriate experimental animal models are best placed to deliver this information. Cell availability, the potential for immunological rejection, ethical and logistical considerations, together with the propensity for native cells to form terratomas, make it unlikely that embryonic or fetal stem cells will be practical. Fortunately, these issues do not pertain to the use of human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs, or umbilical cord blood (UCB stem cells that are readily and economically obtained from the placenta and umbilical cord discarded at birth. These cells have the potential for transplantation to the newborn where brain injury is diagnosed or even suspected. We will explore the novel characteristics of hAECs and undifferentiated UCB cells, as well as UCB-derived endothelial progenitor cells and mesenchymal stem cells, and how immunomodulation and anti-inflammatory properties are principal mechanisms of action that are common to these cells, and which in turn may ameliorate the cerebral hypoxia and inflammation that are final pathways in the pathogenesis of perinatal brain

  1. Cosmetology: Scope and Sequence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

    This scope and sequence guide, developed for a cosmetology vocational education program, represents an initial step in the development of a systemwide articulated curriculum sequence for all vocational programs within the Metropolitan Nashville Public School System. It was developed as a result of needs expressed by teachers, parents, and the…

  2. Frozen Scope and Grammatical Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, Michael

    2014-01-01

    The literature on quantifier scope has repeatedly observed that some otherwise expected permutations of scope taking elements are unavailable. Various methods have been proffered explaining these facts. This thesis aims to unify three disparate areas where the scope of operators seems to be frozen: the interaction of universal quantifiers with…

  3. Tank farm restoration and safe operation, project W-314, upgrade scope summary report (USSR)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This revision to the Project W-314 Upgrade Scope Summary Report (USSR), incorporates changes to the project scope from Alternative Generation Analysis (AGA), customer guidance, and changing requirements. It defines the actual upgrades currently in scope, and provides traceability to the requirements and/or drivers

  4. SCOPE New Photographic Practices

    OpenAIRE

    Arthur, Mervyn; Baseman, Jordan; Behr, Bernd; Biswas, Sutapa; Chance, Veronique; Cobbing, William; Coldwell, Paul; Cross, David; Dobai, Sarah; Douglas, Lorrice; Drabble, Neil; Gunning, Lucy; Hamann, Sigune; Haywood, Thomas; Ingham, Mark

    2011-01-01

    The photographic practices brought together for this exhibition and publication provide a broad scope of how photographic and lens based media may be used in order to have a visceral and conceptual impact. The methods on show demonstrate the way that artists might pick and choose from the approaches, processes and debates that have arisen through the medium’s history. This collection of work features film, video and photography that demand a renegotiation of the relationship between camera, s...

  5. SCOPE OF MULTIMEDIA EDUCATION

    OpenAIRE

    Surender Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Multimedia includes a combination of text, still images, audio, animation, video, and interactivity content forms. At present, scope of Multimedia course is much more than Animation, the reason behind is its course contents and future career options, a person after doing this course can opt any field such as Graphic Designer, Layout Artist, Image Editor, Template Artist, Interface Designer, Web Designer, Web Master, Presentation Artist, Audio/Video Editor, 3D Animator, Game Designer, Sound Pr...

  6. Scoping studies for NET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scoping studies for NET using the SUPERCOIL system code are described. Capital cost optimized devices satisfying constraints imposed on stresses/strains, fields, access, etc. are compared. The main objectives are to determine what impact the main design characteristics, performance objectives and underlying plasma physics assumptions have on the parameters and cost of NET. A complete picture for choosing the main parameters of NET is developed and illustrated by the main NET study points used during the conceptual design phase. (orig.)

  7. Neuronal-like differentiation of single versus multiple treatments with human amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells induced by basic fibroblast growth factor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongliang Jiao; Fangxia Guan; Xiang Hu; Jianbin Li; Hong Shan; Wei Li; Jun Li; Ying Du; Bo Yang; Yunfan Zhou

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cultures from multiple portions of umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cells have been shown to undergo more rapid proliferation and attachment than single portions. OBJECTIVE: To observe growth of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-induced cultures of human amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) and differentiation into neuronal-like cells. DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: Comparative observation. The study was performed at the Laboratory of Microbiology and Immunology, Basic Medical School of Zhengzhou University from January to May 2008.METHODS: Amnia from full-term, uterine-incision delivery were donated by 12 healthy women. AMSCs were obtained by cell separation and culture techniques, and were passaged and induced by bFGF. From the third passage, a total of 1 mL AMSCs, at a density of 1.0 ×10 4/mL, was separately harvested from six samples, which served as group A. A total of 1 mL AMSCs, at a density of 1.0×10 4 /mL, was harvested separately from the remaining six samples, which served as group B. A total of 0.5 mL from the six samples of group A and 0.5 mL from the six samples of group B were combined to form group C. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Differences in cell quantity among the three groups were compared by cell quantification and 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT)analysis. Expression of a glial cell marker, neuron-specific enolase, and nestin was detected in the three groups by immunocytochemistry. RESULTS: Cell quantification and MTT analysis of live cells, as well as AMSC absorbance, were significantly greater in group C compared with groups A and B at 18 days of culture (P<0.05), and no significant difference was observed between groups A and B. Glial fibrillary acidic protein, neuron-specific enolase, and nestin were expressed in all groups following bFGF induction. CONCLUSION: Mixed AMSC cultures promoted proliferation, and bFGF-induced AMSCs differentiated into neuronal-like cells.

  8. On the Scope of Egalitarian Justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Heath

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available It is not clear whether the social contract is supposed to merely supplement the unequal gains that individuals are able to make through the exercise of their natural endowments with a set of equal gains secured through social cooperation, or whether the social contract must also compensate individuals for the effects of these natural inequalities, so that they literally become all equal. The issue concerns, in effect, whether natural inequality falls within the scope of egalitarian justice. I think it is fair to say that the majority of egalitarians assume that the principle of equality imposes an obligation to redress natural inequality. Yet there is no consensus on this issue. David Gauthier has made the rejection of the principle of redress a central component of his project. It has often escaped notice that John Rawls also rejects the principle of redress. Thus it is not just anti-egalitarians who reject the principle of redress. There is a current of egalitarian thought– which we might call, for lack of a better term, narrow-scope egalitarianism – which also rejects this principle. In this paper, I would like to show that there is considerable wisdom in the narrow-scope egalitarian position. Many of the problems that lead theorists to reject egalitarianism in its entirety are a consequence, not of the principle of equality per se, but rather of the commitment to redress natural inequality. The narrow-scope view avoids all of these difficulties.

  9. Amnion s and radio-sterilized porcine skin use as potential matrices for the development of human skin substitutes; Uso de amnios y piel porcina radioesterilizados como matrices potenciales para el desarrollo de sustitutos de piel humana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez P, M. E.; Reyes F, M. L.; Reboyo B, D. [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Velasquillo M, M. C.; Sanchez S, R.; Brena M, A. M.; Ibarra P, J. C., E-mail: esther.martinez@inin.gob.mx [Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitacion, Calz. Mexico-Xochimilco No. 289, Col. Arenal de Guadalupe, 14389 Mexico D. F. (Mexico)

    2014-10-15

    The injuries by burns constitute a primordial problem of public health; they cause a high mortality index, severe physical and psychological disability, etc. The autologous skin transplant is the replacement therapy recommended for its treatment, but in patients that present a high percentage of burnt skin; this is not possible to carry out. Another strategy is the transplant of donated skin; however, due to the little donation that exists in our country is not very feasible to apply this treatment. A challenge of the tissues engineering is to develop biological skin substitutes, based on cells and amnion s, favoring the cutaneous regeneration and quick repair of injuries, diminishing this way the hospitalization expenses. At present skin substitutes that can equal to the same skin do not exist. On the other hand, the mesenchymal stromal cells (Msc) represent an alternative to achieve this objective; since has been demonstrated that the Msc participate in the tissue repair by means of inhibition of pro-inflammatory cytokines and differentiation to dermal fibroblasts and keratinocytes. To apply the Msc in cutaneous injuries a support material is required that to allow transplanting these cells to a lesion or burn. The radio-sterilized human amnion and the radio-sterilized porcine skin, processed by the Radio-Sterilized Tissues Bank of the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (ININ), are biomaterials that are used as temporary cutaneous coverings. We suppose that these two matrices will be appropriate for the growth and maintenance in cultivation of the Msc, to generate two biological skin substitutes, in collaboration with the Biotechnology Laboratory of the Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitacion. (Author)

  10. Current ornithology

    CERN Document Server

    1983-01-01

    The appearance of the first volume of a projected series is the occasion for comment on scope, aims, and genesis of the work. The scope of Current Ornithology is all of the biology of birds. Ornithology, as a whole-organism science, is concerned with birds at every level of bi­ ological organization, from the molecular to the community, at least from the Jurassic to the present time, and over every scholarly discipline in which bird biology is done; to say this is merely to expand a dic­ tionary definition of "ornithology. " The aim of the work, to be realized over several volumes, is to present reviews or position statements con­ cerning the active fields of ornithological research. The reviews will be relatively short, and often will be done from the viewpoint of a readily­ identified group or school. Such a work could have come into being at any time within the past fifty years, but that Current Ornithology appears now is a result of events that are only seven to eight years old. One important event wa...

  11. The Scope of Design Studying

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Yin; Ren Wenying

    2007-01-01

    This article trys to discuss the scope of design studying in two fields.Firstly, design has three meanings: wide design, art design and industrial design.Secondly, design studying has five contents: cultural, philosophical, methodological, produced and marketable trends.

  12. The Scope of General Theory

    OpenAIRE

    TERRY BOSWELL; CLIFF BROWN

    1999-01-01

    A “holy war†is being fought within comparative historical sociology between deductivists and inductivists over the scope of general theory. The issues include broad versus narrow scope conditions, explicit versus contingent theorizing, and theory testing versus theory building. The irony of the conflict is that each side makes ample use of the other's product, despite condemning its progenitor. The authors offer a hierarchical approach to qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) as a method...

  13. 32 CFR 989.18 - Scoping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., and impacts to be considered in the EIS (40 CFR 1508.25). The EPF must send scripts for scoping... initiate the public scoping process (40 CFR 1501.7) to determine the scope of issues to be addressed and to... soliciting written comments to conducting public scoping meetings (see 40 CFR 1501.7 and 1506.6(e))....

  14. Subject categories and scope descriptions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is one in a series of publications known as the ETDE/INIS Joint Reference Series. It defines the subject categories and provides the scope descriptions to be used for categorization of the nuclear literature for the preparation of INIS and ETDE input by national and regional centres. Together with the other volumes of the INIS Reference Series it defines the rules, standards and practices and provides the authorities to be used in the International Nuclear Information System and ETDE. A complete list of the volumes published in the INIS Reference Series may be found on the inside front cover of this publication. This INIS/ETDE Reference Series document is intended to serve two purposes: to define the subject scope of the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) and the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) and to define the subject classification scheme of INIS and ETDE. It is thus the guide to the inputting centres in determining which items of literature should be reported, and in determining where the full bibliographic entry and abstract of each item should be included in INIS or ETDE database. Each category is identified by a category code consisting of three alphanumeric characters. A scope description is given for each subject category. The scope of INIS is the sum of the scopes of all the categories. With most categories cross references are provided to other categories where appropriate. Cross references should be of assistance in finding the appropriate category; in fact, by indicating topics that are excluded from the category in question, the cross references help to clarify and define the scope of the category to which they are appended. A Subject Index is included as an aid to subject classifiers, but it is only an aid and not a means for subject classification. It facilitates the use of this document, but is no substitute for the description of the scope of the subject categories

  15. Residential ventilation standards scoping study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKone, Thomas E.; Sherman, Max H.

    2003-10-01

    The goals of this scoping study are to identify research needed to develop improved ventilation standards for California's Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards. The 2008 Title 24 Standards are the primary target for the outcome of this research, but this scoping study is not limited to that timeframe. We prepared this scoping study to provide the California Energy Commission with broad and flexible options for developing a research plan to advance the standards. This document presents the findings of a scoping study commissioned by the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program of the California Energy Commission to determine what research is necessary to develop new residential ventilation requirements for California. This study is one of three companion efforts needed to complete the job of determining the ventilation needs of California residences, determining the bases for setting residential ventilation requirements, and determining appropriate ventilation technologies to meet these needs and requirements in an energy efficient manner. Rather than providing research results, this scoping study identifies important research questions along with the level of effort necessary to address these questions and the costs, risks, and benefits of pursuing alternative research questions. In approaching these questions and corresponding levels of effort, feasibility and timing were important considerations. The Commission has specified Summer 2005 as the latest date for completing this research in time to update the 2008 version of California's Energy Code (Title 24).

  16. Effect of double-layer human amnion on wound healing in deep second-degree burns of animals%复层人羊膜覆盖治疗深Ⅱ度烫伤创面的动物实验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋炬赫; 樊昌东; 李瑶

    2008-01-01

    背景:己证实单层人羊膜覆盖对浅度烧伤创面有一定的治疗作用,但仍存在很多不足.目的:观察自制复层辐射人羊膜覆盖治疗对鼠深Ⅱ度烫伤创面的效果.设计、时间及地点:随机分组,自身及组间对照动物实验,于2006-12/2007-05在哈尔滨医科大学第一临床医学院动物实验中心进行.材料:成年清洁级Wistar大鼠50只,随机分为伤后4,6,8,10,12 d组5组,每组10只.复层辐射人羊膜为自制,将新鲜人羊膜去除绒毛膜后,将羊膜层干燥,制成无孔及有孔的复层薄膜,再经Y射线辐射后塑膜包装.方法;所有动物背部脱毛,麻醉后浸入沸水中8 s致背部烫伤,制备深Ⅱ度烫伤模型.将每组创面积2等分,分别贴敷复层辐射人羊膜和油纱进行对照观察.主要观察指标:在伤后4,6,8,10,12 d取材,观察创面大体愈合情况,光镜、扫描电镜、透射电镜观察创面组织学变化,并进行创面细菌学检查.结果:50只大鼠全部进入结果分析.①贴敷油纱的创面:可见坏死物和痂皮,伤后12 d时肉眼仍见灶性小溃疡,光镜下见生真皮层少量毛囊、毛根、毛发再生,扫描电镜下见创面中心为坏死结痂,周边见少量毛发,大量炎性渗出物及白细胞存在,透射电镜显示细胞结构模糊不清.细菌学检查结果显示刨面细菌生长明显.②贴敷复层辐射人羊膜创面:伤后10,12d时创面愈合,肉眼见毛发规则丛生,和正常皮肤无区别,光镜、扫插电镜、透射电镜观察均显示伤后12 d时表皮各层均为正常皮肤组织.细菌学检查结果显示创面无细菌生长.结论:复层辐射人羊膜能能有效地保护鼠烫伤创面,促进创面的上皮生长,避免创面感染.缩短鼠深Ⅱ度烫伤创面的愈合时间.%BACKGROUND: Previous research reveals that, single-layer human amnion is effective to cure superficial bums, but it is still unsatisfactory.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of double-layer radiation

  17. Aircraft Mechanics: Scope and Sequence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

    This scope and sequence guide, developed for an aircraft mechanics vocational education program, represents an initial step in the development of a systemwide articulated curriculum sequence for all vocational programs within the Metropolitan Nashville Public School System. It was developed as a result of needs expressed by teachers, parents, and…

  18. 78 FR 32372 - Notice of Scope Rulings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-30

    ...). \\2\\ See Notice of Scope Rulings, 78 FR 9370 (February 8, 2013). Scope Rulings Made Between October 1... Republic of China Requestor: Tobacco Import USA (``TIU''); hookah charcoal tablets imported by TIU are...

  19. 78 FR 59653 - Notice of Scope Rulings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-27

    ...). \\2\\ See Notice of Scope Rulings, 78 FR 42934 (July 18, 2013). Scope Rulings Made Between April 1... (PTFE) resin products made from raw, unfilled PTFE powder from Russia and the People's Republic of...

  20. 78 FR 9370 - Notice of Scope Rulings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ....225(o). \\2\\ See Notice of Scope Rulings, 77 FR 52313 (August 29, 2012). Scope Rulings Made Between.... Indah Kiat Pulp & Paper Tbk, and Paper Max, Ltd. (collectively ``APP''); (1) APP's Ningbo Fold...

  1. Corporate Bond Market in India: Current Scope and Future Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Mukherjee, Dr. Kedar nath

    2012-01-01

    The capital market of an economy is considered to be well developed, only when a parallel development is ensured both in the equity and the debt segment. There is no doubt that the equity market in India is quite well developed and plays a crucial role in the growth of Indian economy. At the same time, Govt. debt market in India has also experienced a tremendous growth in the last decade. But unlike Govt. bonds, the corporate debt segment in India is still in the nascent stage and requires lo...

  2. Direct Laser Cladding , Current Status and Future Scope of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisheit, A.; Gasser, A.; Backes, G.; Jambor, T.; Pirch, N.; Wissenbach, K.

    During the last decades Direct Laser Cladding has become an established technique in many industrial fields for applying wear and corrosion protection layers on metallic surfaces as well as for the repair of high value-added components. The most important application fields are die and tool making, turbine components for aero engines and power generation, machine components such as axes and gears, and oil drilling components. Continuous wave (CW) lasers with a power up to 18 kW are used on automated machines with three or more axes, enabling 3D cladding . The outstanding feature of DLC is the high precision which leads to a minimum heat input into the work piece and a very low distortion. Due to the high cooling rates a fine grained microstructure is achieved during solidification. A new development in laser cladding is micro cladding in a size range below 50 \\upmum especially for electronic and medical applications. Furthermore, additive manufacturing is coming again into focus as a clean and resource-efficient method to manufacture and modify functional prototypes as well as unique and small lot parts.

  3. CMS Phase II Upgrade Scope Document

    CERN Document Server

    Butler, J; Klute, M; Mans, J; Silvestris, L; on behalf of the CMS, Collaboration; CERN. Geneva. The LHC experiments Committee; LHCC

    2015-01-01

    The High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) has been identified as the highest priority program in High Energy Physics by both the European Strategy Group and the US Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel. To fulfil the full potential of this program, which includes the study of the nature of the Higgs boson, the investigation of the properties of any newly discovered particles in the upcoming LHC runs, and the extension of the mass reach for further discoveries, an integrated luminosity of 3000 fb-1 will have to be accumulated by the end of the program. In preparation for operation at the HL-LHC , CMS has documented the necessary upgrades and their expected costs in a Technical Proposal submitted to the CERN LHC Committee (LHCC) in mid-2015. The material presented in the currentScope Document” provides additional information to assist the LHCC and the CERN Resource Review Board (RRB) in their review of the CMS upgrade. The document commences with a summary of the process followed to develop the scope of t...

  4. Making Patent Scopes Exceed the Technological Scopes of Scientific Inventions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beukel, Karin

    This paper presents the results of a grounded theory study of the transformation of scientific discoveries into patented inventions. Using an algebraic interpretive approach, the narratives collected during interviews are analyzed as Bayesian inferences and the developed theory is tested. The...... findings recast the relationship between science and patents as a process in which the way the transformation of the scientific invention is handled has an effect on the breadth of the patent scope. Unleashing patent scope surplus is dependent on processes related to abstraction and cognitive variety......, which can be mobilized by patent experts with both an in-depth understanding of the scientific discovery, due to their educational background in the life sciences, and capabilities within the legal framework for patenting. More specifically, the findings reveal previously unreported aspects of the...

  5. The Scope of Existential Spatiality

    OpenAIRE

    Dimitri Ginev

    2011-01-01

    The paper does not suggest an outline of a comprehensive theory of existential spatiality. Its aim is much moderate – to reveal those aspects of the constitution of meaning within the totality of being in the world which delineate the scope of the problematic under investigation. Since these aspects are addressed by various kinds of constitutional analysis of meaning, a special effort is devoted to overcoming discrepancies among three basic phenomenological discourses – hermeneutic phenomenol...

  6. Scope of algae as third generation biofuels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuvashish eBehera

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available An initiative has been taken to develop different solid, liquid and gaseous biofuels as the alternative energy resources. The current research and technology based on the third generation biofuels derived from algal biomass have been considered as the best alternative bioresource that avoids the disadvantages of first and second generation biofuels. Algal biomass have been investigated for the implementation of economic conversion processes producing different biofuels such as biodiesel, bioethanol, biogas, biohydrogen and other valuable co-products. In the present review, the recent findings and advance developments in algal biomass for improved biofuel production. This review discusses about the importance of the algal cell contents, various strategies for product formation through various conversion technologies, and its future scope as an energy security.

  7. Observational therapeutics: Scope, challenges, and organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rama Vaidya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The importance of Observational Therapeutics in the progress of medicine has been neglected in the current era of the hierarchal position imparted to Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs for new drug discovery and practice of evidence-based medicine. There is a need to reflect on the reason for many new drugs being withdrawn during post marketing surveillance. There are several examples in literature where drug-discovery has originated initially from keen clinical and / or laboratory observations. The roots of these discoveries have often been from observations made by practitioners of traditional medicine including Ayurveda. The present article draws attention to the scope and challenges for observational therapeutics. There is an urgent need for the meticulous planning for a systematic organization of developing observational therapeutics, with a full understanding of its strengths and limitations.

  8. Oral care post stroke: a scoping review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwok, C; McIntyre, A; Janzen, S; Mays, R; Teasell, R

    2015-01-01

    Health concerns post stroke may be the result of, or exacerbated by, neglected oral health care (OHC). However, OHC may be challenging post stroke due to hemiparesis, hemiplegia, a lack of coordination, and/or cognitive deficits. The objective of this study was to conduct a scoping review and summarise the current state of knowledge pertaining to OHC post stroke. A literature search was conducted using the multiple databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, etc.). Combinations of multiple keywords were searched: oral, dental, health, care, hygiene, teeth, dentures, tooth brushing, stroke, cardiovascular health and cardiovascular disease. A grey literature search was also conducted. Articles included were those published in English between 1970 and July 2013, which focused on at least one aspect of OHC among a stroke population. For clinical trials, ≥50% of the sample must have sustained a stroke. In total, 60 articles met inclusion and focused on three primary area: (i) OHC Importance/Stroke Implications; (ii) Current Research; and (iii) Current Practice. It was found that OHC concerns are mainly related to mastication, dysphagia/nutrition, hygiene, prostheses and quality of life. Research indicates that there is limited specialised and individual care provided, and there are few assessment tools, guidelines and established protocols for oral health that are specific to the stroke population. Further, dental professionals' and nurses' knowledge of OHC is generally inadequate; hence, proper education for health professionals in acute and rehabilitation settings, patients, and caregivers has been discussed. PMID:25244419

  9. Scoping Review of the Zika Virus Literature.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa A Waddell

    Full Text Available The global primary literature on Zika virus (ZIKV (n = 233 studies and reports, up to March 1, 2016 has been compiled using a scoping review methodology to systematically identify and characterise the literature underpinning this broad topic using methods that are documented, updateable and reproducible. Our results indicate that more than half the primary literature on ZIKV has been published since 2011. The articles mainly covered three topic categories: epidemiology of ZIKV (surveillance and outbreak investigations 56.6% (132/233, pathogenesis of ZIKV (case symptoms/ outcomes and diagnosis 38.2% (89/233 and ZIKV studies (molecular characterisation and in vitro evaluation of the virus 18.5% (43/233. There has been little reported in the primary literature on ZIKV vectors (12/233, surveillance for ZIKV (13/233, diagnostic tests (12/233 and transmission (10/233. Three papers reported on ZIKV prevention/control strategies, one investigated knowledge and attitudes of health professionals and two vector mapping studies were reported. The majority of studies used observational study designs, 89.7% (209/233, of which 62/233 were case studies or case series, while fewer (24/233 used experimental study designs. Several knowledge gaps were identified by this review with respect to ZIKV epidemiology, the importance of potential non-human primates and other hosts in the transmission cycle, the burden of disease in humans, and complications related to human infection with ZIKV. Historically there has been little research on ZIKV; however, given its current spread through Australasia and the Americas, research resources are now being allocated to close many of the knowledge gaps identified in this scoping review. Future updates of this project will probably demonstrate enhanced evidence and understanding of ZIKV and its impact on public health.

  10. Scoping Review of the Zika Virus Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The global primary literature on Zika virus (ZIKV) (n = 233 studies and reports, up to March 1, 2016) has been compiled using a scoping review methodology to systematically identify and characterise the literature underpinning this broad topic using methods that are documented, updateable and reproducible. Our results indicate that more than half the primary literature on ZIKV has been published since 2011. The articles mainly covered three topic categories: epidemiology of ZIKV (surveillance and outbreak investigations) 56.6% (132/233), pathogenesis of ZIKV (case symptoms/ outcomes and diagnosis) 38.2% (89/233) and ZIKV studies (molecular characterisation and in vitro evaluation of the virus) 18.5% (43/233). There has been little reported in the primary literature on ZIKV vectors (12/233), surveillance for ZIKV (13/233), diagnostic tests (12/233) and transmission (10/233). Three papers reported on ZIKV prevention/control strategies, one investigated knowledge and attitudes of health professionals and two vector mapping studies were reported. The majority of studies used observational study designs, 89.7% (209/233), of which 62/233 were case studies or case series, while fewer (24/233) used experimental study designs. Several knowledge gaps were identified by this review with respect to ZIKV epidemiology, the importance of potential non-human primates and other hosts in the transmission cycle, the burden of disease in humans, and complications related to human infection with ZIKV. Historically there has been little research on ZIKV; however, given its current spread through Australasia and the Americas, research resources are now being allocated to close many of the knowledge gaps identified in this scoping review. Future updates of this project will probably demonstrate enhanced evidence and understanding of ZIKV and its impact on public health. PMID:27244249

  11. IDC Reengineering Phase 2 Project Scope.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harris, James M.

    2015-02-01

    This report provides a brief description of the scope of the IDC Reengineering Phase 2 project. It describes the goals and objectives of reengineering, the system definition, and the technical scope of the system. REVISIONS Version Date Author/Team Revision Description Authorized by 1.0 9/25/2014 SNL IDC Reengineering Team Unlimited Release for I2 M. Harris 1.1 28/01/2015 IDC Reengineering Team Align with previous IDC scope document E. Tomuta

  12. 46 CFR 162.050-1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... APPROVAL ENGINEERING EQUIPMENT Pollution Prevention Equipment § 162.050-1 Scope. (a) This subpart contains... facility authorized to conduct approval tests; (5) Marking requirements; and (6) Factory...

  13. 42 CFR 456.150 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals § 456.150 Scope. This subpart prescribes requirements for control of utilization of inpatient services in mental hospitals,...

  14. An Australian and New Zealand Scoping Study on the Use of 3D Immersive Virtual Worlds in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalgarno, Barney; Lee, Mark J. W.; Carlson, Lauren; Gregory, Sue; Tynan, Belinda

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the research design of, and reports selected findings from, a scoping study aimed at examining current and planned applications of 3D immersive virtual worlds at higher education institutions across Australia and New Zealand. The scoping study is the first of its kind in the region, intended to parallel and complement a…

  15. How Relevant is Size for Setting the Scope of The IFRS for SMEs?

    OpenAIRE

    Catalin Nicolae ALBU

    2013-01-01

    The International Financial Reporting Standard for Small and Medium-sized Entities (IFRS for SMEs) is currently considered for adoption by national regulators in many emerging economies and a few developed countries. The cost-benefit approach is advanced as useful to investigate how the scope of the IFRS for SMEs should be set. Size is used in many jurisdictions as criterion to set financial reporting obligations, but it is questioned if it represents an appropriate criterion for the scope of...

  16. Adoption of e-health technology by physicians: a scoping review

    OpenAIRE

    de Grood, Chloe; Raissi,Aida; Kwon, Yoojin; Santana, Maria

    2016-01-01

    Chloe de Grood,1 Aida Raissi,2 Yoojin Kwon,3 Maria Jose Santana1 1Department of Community Health Sciences, W21C Research and Innovation Centre, University of Calgary, Calgary, 2University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, 3Toronto Public Library, Toronto, ON, Canada Objective: The goal of this scoping review was to summarize the current literature identifying barriers and opportunities that facilitate adoption of e-health technology by physicians.Design: Scoping review.Setting: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and P...

  17. The Current Status of STEM Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Josh

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the current Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education research base through an analysis of articles from eight journals focused on the STEM disciplines. Analyzed are both practitioner and research publications to determine the current scope of STEM education research, where current STEM education…

  18. 16 CFR 316.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope. 316.1 Section 316.1 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION REGULATIONS UNDER SPECIFIC ACTS OF CONGRESS CAN-SPAM RULE § 316.1 Scope. This part implements the Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act of...

  19. 10 CFR 766.100 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope. 766.100 Section 766.100 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY URANIUM ENRICHMENT DECONTAMINATION AND DECOMMISSIONING FUND; PROCEDURES FOR SPECIAL ASSESSMENT OF DOMESTIC UTILITIES Procedures for Special Assessment § 766.100 Scope. This subpart sets forth the procedures for the Special Assessment of...

  20. 50 CFR 520.2 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope. 520.2 Section 520.2 Wildlife and Fisheries MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF AGENCY MATERIALS § 520.2 Scope. (a) These... techniques and procedures, or (vi) Endanger the life or physical safety of law enforcement personnel;...

  1. 78 FR 42934 - Notice of Scope Rulings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    ...). \\2\\ See Notice of Scope Rulings, 78 FR 32372 (May 30, 2013). Scope Rulings Made Between January 1... duty order; March 7, 2013. A-570-970 and C-570-971: Multilayered Wood Flooring From the People's... orders, and ASC's ladders, models ASE, ASH, and DJX3-W, and strip door mounting brackets are within...

  2. 19 CFR 177.0 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope. 177.0 Section 177.0 Customs Duties U.S...) ADMINISTRATIVE RULINGS § 177.0 Scope. This part relates to the issuance of rulings to importers and other... Act of 1930, as amended). Nor do the provisions of part 177 apply to requests for decisions of...

  3. 34 CFR 601.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope. 601.1 Section 601.1 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION INSTITUTION AND LENDER REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO EDUCATION LOANS General § 601.1 Scope. This...

  4. 19 CFR 123.0 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope. 123.0 Section 123.0 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND MEXICO § 123.0 Scope. This part contains special regulations pertaining to Customs procedures at the Canadian and...

  5. The Scope of the 1992 Water Convention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Merkouris, Panos; Fitzmaurice, Malgosia; Tanzi, Attila; McIntyre, Owen; Kolliopoulos, Alexandros; Rieu-Clarke, Alistair; Kinna, Rémy

    2015-01-01

    This Chapter will be devoted to the scope of the 1992 Water Convention. Its focus will be the general legal framework of the Convention, as the detailed analysis of its normative scope and the overview of its underlying legal principles will be discussed elsewhere in this publication. Suffice to say

  6. 31 CFR 103.80 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope. 103.80 Section 103.80 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance FINANCIAL RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING OF CURRENCY AND FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS Administrative Rulings § 103.80 Scope. This subpart...

  7. 32 CFR 775.8 - Scoping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... proposed action (40 CFR 1501.7). This process also serves to deemphasize insignificant issues, narrowing the scope of the EIS process accordingly (40 CFR 1500.4(g)). Scoping results in the identification by the proponent of the range of actions, alternatives, and impacts to be considered in the EIS (40...

  8. 40 CFR 21.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope. 21.1 Section 21.1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL SMALL BUSINESS § 21.1 Scope. This part establishes procedures for the issuance by EPA of the statements, referred to in section 7(g) of the Small Business...

  9. 10 CFR 850.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope. 850.1 Section 850.1 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM General Provisions § 850.1 Scope. This part provides for establishment of a chronic beryllium disease prevention program (CBDPP) that supplements and is deemed...

  10. Anger perceptually and conceptually narrows cognitive scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gable, Philip A; Poole, Bryan D; Harmon-Jones, Eddie

    2015-07-01

    For the last 50 years, research investigating the effect of emotions on scope of cognitive processing was based on models proposing that affective valence determined cognitive scope. More recently, our motivational intensity model suggests that this past work had confounded valence with motivational intensity. Research derived from this model supports the idea that motivational intensity, rather than affective valence, explains much of the variance emotions have on cognitive scope. However, the motivational intensity model is limited in that the empirical work has examined only positive affects high in approach and negative affects high in avoidance motivation. Thus, perhaps only approach-positive and avoidance-negative states narrow cognitive scope. The present research was designed to clarify these conceptual issues by examining the effect of anger, a negatively valenced approach-motivated state, on cognitive scope. Results revealed that anger narrowed attentional scope relative to a neutral state and that attentional narrowing to anger was similar to the attentional narrowing caused by high approach-motivated positive affects (Study 1). This narrowing of attention was related to trait approach motivation (Studies 2 and Study 3). Anger also narrowed conceptual cognitive categorization (Study 4). Narrowing of categorization related to participants' approach motivation toward anger stimuli. Together, these results suggest that anger, an approach-motivated negative affect, narrows perceptual and conceptual cognitive scope. More broadly, these results support the conceptual model that motivational intensity per se, rather than approach-positive and avoidance-negative states, causes a narrowing of cognitive scope. PMID:26011662

  11. 32 CFR 516.27 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Scope. 516.27 Section 516.27 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Individual Liability § 516.27 Scope. This subpart guidance when DA personnel, as a result of...

  12. 32 CFR 516.38 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Scope. 516.38 Section 516.38 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Environmental Litigation § 516.38 Scope. This subpart contains guidance, policies, and...

  13. Synergies between renewable energy and fresh water production. Scoping study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geurts, F.; Noothout, P.; Schaap, A. [Ecofys Netherlands, Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2011-02-15

    The IEA Implementing Agreement for Renewable Energy Technology Deployment (IEA-RETD) investigated the opportunities for coupling renewable energy systems with fresh water supply systems. The four main conclusions of the scoping study, carried out by Ecofys, are: (1) Fresh water production based on desalination technologies provide most options for synergies with renewable energy production; (2) Linking desalination to renewable sources is currently not economically viable; (3) There is a large potential for small scale (decentralised) desalination plants; (4) Current commercially-sized desalination technologies are in need of a constant operation point. Reverse osmosis and thermal membrane technologies might give future synergies as deferrable load.

  14. Automated diagnostics scoping study. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quadrel, R.W.; Lash, T.A.

    1994-06-01

    The objective of the Automated Diagnostics Scoping Study was to investigate the needs for diagnostics in building operation and to examine some of the current technologies in automated diagnostics that can address these needs. The study was conducted in two parts. In the needs analysis, the authors interviewed facility managers and engineers at five building sites. In the technology survey, they collected published information on automated diagnostic technologies in commercial and military applications as well as on technologies currently under research. The following describe key areas that the authors identify for the research, development, and deployment of automated diagnostic technologies: tools and techniques to aid diagnosis during building commissioning, especially those that address issues arising from integrating building systems and diagnosing multiple simultaneous faults; technologies to aid diagnosis for systems and components that are unmonitored or unalarmed; automated capabilities to assist cause-and-effect exploration during diagnosis; inexpensive, reliable sensors, especially those that expand the current range of sensory input; technologies that aid predictive diagnosis through trend analysis; integration of simulation and optimization tools with building automation systems to optimize control strategies and energy performance; integration of diagnostic, control, and preventive maintenance technologies. By relating existing technologies to perceived and actual needs, the authors reached some conclusions about the opportunities for automated diagnostics in building operation. Some of a building operator`s needs can be satisfied by off-the-shelf hardware and software. Other needs are not so easily satisfied, suggesting directions for future research. Their conclusions and suggestions are offered in the final section of this study.

  15. Teleradiology - current status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tele-radiology is a term becoming increasingly popular in the medical literature. Nevertheless, terminological definitions in this particular field are still rather vague. The scope of applications extend from simple image presenting via analogue telephone lines to transmission of 3-D medical images through a satellite. It is a matter of standards highly differing in terms of data transmission rates, safety, technical demands on the systems and the like. In this article new information technologies, technical aspects, as well as some major applications of tele-radiology are discussed. The current status of tele-medicine/tele-radiology in this country is likewise briefly outlined

  16. 50 CFR 216.102 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... General Regulations Governing Small Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities § 216.102 Scope. The taking of small numbers of marine mammals under section 101(a)(5) (A) through (D) of...

  17. 16 CFR 432.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... HOME ENTERTAINMENT PRODUCTS § 432.1 Scope. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section... entertainment purposes, such as for example, radios, record and tape players, radio-phonograph and/or...

  18. The Scope of Microeconomics: A Comment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Lee W.

    1987-01-01

    This article offers an analysis of Strober's paper (see SO516707) on the scope of microeconomics. It concludes that useful suggestions are made regarding modifications needed in the Joint Council's "Framework" and "Master Curriculum Guide." (JDH)

  19. Scope of nanotechnology in modern textiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    This review article demonstrates the scope and applications of nanotechnology towards modification and development of advanced textile fibers, yarns and fabrics and their processing techniques. Basically, it summarizes the recent advances made in nanotechnology and its applications to cotton textil...

  20. 30 CFR 90.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS-COAL MINERS WHO HAVE EVIDENCE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF PNEUMOCONIOSIS General § 90.1 Scope. This Part... areas of underground coal mines and who have evidence of the development of pneumoconiosis to work in...

  1. 12 CFR 747.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIONS, ADJUDICATIVE HEARINGS, RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE, AND INVESTIGATIONS Uniform Rules of Practice and Procedure § 747.1 Scope. This subpart prescribes uniform rules of practice and procedure applicable...

  2. 48 CFR 22.1500 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITIONS Prohibition of Acquisition of Products Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor 22.1500 Scope. This subpart applies to acquisitions of supplies that...

  3. 77 FR 50084 - Notice of Scope Rulings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-20

    ... Rulings, 77 FR 38767 (June 29, 2012). Scope Rulings Completed Between January 1, 2012, and March 31, 2012... and Paper Mills, PT. Indah Kiat Pulp & Paper Tbk, and Paper Max, Ltd. (collectively ``APP''); (1)...

  4. Solomon Islands: Malaita Hub scoping report

    OpenAIRE

    Schwarz, A.M.; Andrew, N.; Govan, H.; Harohau, D.; Oeta, J.

    2013-01-01

    The CGIAR Research Program (CRP) Aquatic Agricultural Systems (AAS) will target five countries, including Solomon Islands. The proposed hubs for Solomon Islands were to cover most provinces, referencing the Western, Central and Eastern regions. Scoping of the initial ‘Central’ hub was undertaken in Guadalcanal, Malaita and Central Islands provinces and this report details findings from all three. As scoping progressed however, it was agreed that, based on the AAS context and priority need...

  5. Antibacterial Effect of Human Amnion Membrane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kashani, L. (MD

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: Along with antibiotics, the use of biological methods to combat bacteria is notably considered. A natural barrier such as amniotic membrane is one of the ways of dealing with bacterial infections. The aim of this study was to determine the antibacterial effect of human amniotic membrane. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was performed in Dezyani teaching Hospital of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. To evaluate the antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli bacteria, 20 amniotic membranes were obtained from postpartum mothers and examined by repeated dilution, diffusion and extraction techniques. Data were collected by observation method and described by mean and standard deviation. Results: The antibacterial activity was found in 15% of the samples against Staphylococcus Aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, while no antibacterial activity was found against E. coli. Given the 15% positive responses, "Diffusion" and "repeated dilution" techniques were more effective in investigating the antibacterial effect of amniotic membrane. Conclusion: The results show the probability of antimicrobial effect of amniotic membrane tissue and it seems that this property can be affected by many factors.

  6. Antibacterial Effect of Human Amnion Membrane

    OpenAIRE

    Kashani, L. (MD; Okhly, M. (BSc); Ghaemi, EA. (PhD); N. Behnampour; Kashani, E. (MD; Okhly, HO. (BSc); Fendereski, S. (BSc); Bazoori, M. (BSc; Falsafi, L. (MSc)

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objective: Along with antibiotics, the use of biological methods to combat bacteria is notably considered. A natural barrier such as amniotic membrane is one of the ways of dealing with bacterial infections. The aim of this study was to determine the antibacterial effect of human amniotic membrane. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was performed in Dezyani teaching Hospital of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. To evaluate the antibacterial activity agains...

  7. IRI scope of activities 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents a survey of the current research and education programs during 1988 of the departments radiochemistry, radiation chemistry, radiation physics and reactor physics of the Dutch Interfacultary Reactor Institute. (H.W.). 25 figs.; 4 tabs

  8. Waste isolation safeguards and security system. Volume 1. Scoping study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to define the rationale and scope of the Waste Isolation System (WIS) safeguards system, to establish a set of proposed basic safeguards criteria, and to identify the areas requiring development of specific criteria and technology. The report also presents a proposed program schedule and provides an extensive bibliography of applicable reference safeguards documents. Volume one contains the following: glossary, system description; threat definition; safeguards regulations review - current and future; WIS safeguards criteria; assessment of criteria applicability and development requirements; and program plan

  9. 48 CFR 36.302 - Scope of work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of work. 36.302... Scope of work. The agency shall develop, either in-house or by contract, a scope of work that defines the project and states the Government's requirements. The scope of work may include criteria...

  10. 77 FR 63309 - Constitution Pipeline Company, LLC; Notice of Public Scoping Meeting and Extension of Scoping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Constitution Pipeline Company, LLC; Notice of Public Scoping Meeting and Extension of Scoping Period for the Planned Constitution Pipeline Project On October 24, 2012, the...

  11. Harry Potter and the sorcerer's scope: latent scope biases in explanatory reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khemlani, Sangeet S; Sussman, Abigail B; Oppenheimer, Daniel M

    2011-04-01

    What makes a good explanation? We examine the function of latent scope, i.e., the number of unobserved phenomena that an explanation can account for. We show that individuals prefer narrow latent scope explanations-those that account for fewer unobserved effects-to broader explanations. In Experiments 1a-d, participants found narrow latent scope explanations to be both more satisfying and more likely. In Experiment 2 we directly manipulated base rate information and again found a preference for narrow latent scope explanations. Participants in Experiment 3 evaluated more natural explanations of unexpected observations, and again displayed a bias for narrow latent scope explanations. We conclude by considering what this novel bias tells us about how humans evaluate explanations and engage in causal reasoning. PMID:21264612

  12. The ParaScope parallel programming environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Keith D.; Hall, Mary W.; Hood, Robert T.; Kennedy, Ken; Mckinley, Kathryn S.; Mellor-Crummey, John M.; Torczon, Linda; Warren, Scott K.

    1993-01-01

    The ParaScope parallel programming environment, developed to support scientific programming of shared-memory multiprocessors, includes a collection of tools that use global program analysis to help users develop and debug parallel programs. This paper focuses on ParaScope's compilation system, its parallel program editor, and its parallel debugging system. The compilation system extends the traditional single-procedure compiler by providing a mechanism for managing the compilation of complete programs. Thus, ParaScope can support both traditional single-procedure optimization and optimization across procedure boundaries. The ParaScope editor brings both compiler analysis and user expertise to bear on program parallelization. It assists the knowledgeable user by displaying and managing analysis and by providing a variety of interactive program transformations that are effective in exposing parallelism. The debugging system detects and reports timing-dependent errors, called data races, in execution of parallel programs. The system combines static analysis, program instrumentation, and run-time reporting to provide a mechanical system for isolating errors in parallel program executions. Finally, we describe a new project to extend ParaScope to support programming in FORTRAN D, a machine-independent parallel programming language intended for use with both distributed-memory and shared-memory parallel computers.

  13. Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

    2007-01-03

    The objective of this scoping study is: (1) to identify current market drivers and technology trends that can improve the demand responsiveness of commercial building lighting systems and (2) to quantify the energy, demand and environmental benefits of implementing lighting demand response and energy-saving controls strategies Statewide. Lighting systems in California commercial buildings consume 30 GWh. Lighting systems in commercial buildings often waste energy and unnecessarily stress the electrical grid because lighting controls, especially dimming, are not widely used. But dimmable lighting equipment, especially the dimming ballast, costs more than non-dimming lighting and is expensive to retrofit into existing buildings because of the cost of adding control wiring. Advances in lighting industry capabilities coupled with the pervasiveness of the Internet and wireless technologies have led to new opportunities to realize significant energy saving and reliable demand reduction using intelligent lighting controls. Manufacturers are starting to produce electronic equipment--lighting-application specific controllers (LAS controllers)--that are wirelessly accessible and can control dimmable or multilevel lighting systems obeying different industry-accepted protocols. Some companies make controllers that are inexpensive to install in existing buildings and allow the power consumed by bi-level lighting circuits to be selectively reduced during demand response curtailments. By intelligently limiting the demand from bi-level lighting in California commercial buildings, the utilities would now have an enormous 1 GW demand shed capability at hand. By adding occupancy and light sensors to the remotely controllable lighting circuits, automatic controls could harvest an additional 1 BkWh/yr savings above and beyond the savings that have already been achieved. The lighting industry's adoption of DALI as the principal wired digital control protocol for dimming ballasts

  14. PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: A revised scope for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering A revised scope for Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Ian

    2010-05-01

    Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering is well known for publishing excellent work in highly competitive timescales. The journal's coverage has consistently evolved to reflect the current state of the field, and from May 2010 it will revisit its scope once again. The aims of the journal remain unchanged, however: to be the first choice of authors and readers in MEMS and micro-scale research. The new scope continues to focus on highlighting the link between fabrication technologies and their capacity to create novel devices. This link will be considered paramount in the journal, and both prospective authors and readers should let it serve as an inspiration to them. The burgeoning fields of NEMS and nano-scale engineering are more explicitly supported in the new scope. Research which ten years ago would have been considered science fiction has, through the tireless efforts of the community, become reality. The Editorial Board feel it is important to reflect the growing significance of this work in the scope. The new scope, drafted by Editor-in-Chief Professor Mark Allen, and approved by the Editorial Board, is as follows: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering covers all aspects of microelectromechanical structures, devices, and systems, as well as micromechanics and micromechatronics. The journal focuses on original work in fabrication and integration technologies, on the micro- and nano-scale. The journal aims to highlight the link between new fabrication technologies and their capacity to create novel devices. Original work in microengineering and nanoengineering is also reported. Such work is defined as applications of these fabrication and integration technologies to structures in which key attributes of the devices or systems depend on specific micro- or nano-scale features. Such applications span the physical, chemical, electrical and biological realms. New fabrication and integration techniques for both silicon and non-silicon materials are

  15. Scope of work for evaluating the mechanical performance of EPR first wall coatings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An outline is presented for a proposed scope of work to evaluate the mechanical performance of candidate first wall coatings for a Tokamak-type fusion reactor. The goal of the overall program is to provide an adequate coating material and recoating process which can be manufactured by currently available vendors

  16. Scope of work for evaluating the mechanical performance of EPR first wall coatings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, W.B.; Van Den Avyle, J.A.

    1978-01-01

    An outline is presented for a proposed scope of work to evaluate the mechanical performance of candidate first wall coatings for a Tokamak-type fusion reactor. The goal of the overall program is to provide an adequate coating material and recoating process which can be manufactured by currently available vendors.

  17. Family Wellbeing of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Scoping Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tint, Ami; Weiss, Jonathan A.

    2016-01-01

    Families play an important role in supporting individuals with autism spectrum disorder across the lifespan. Indicators of family wellbeing can help to establish benchmarks for service provision and evaluation; however, a critical first step is a clear understanding of the construct in question. The purpose of the current scoping review was to (a)…

  18. The mixed cultures and neuronal-like differentiation of human amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells%人羊膜间充质干细胞混合培养及向神经样细胞分化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦红亮; 王晓宁; 孙剑瑞; 李建斌; 关方霞; 杨波

    2013-01-01

    目的 观察羊膜间充质干细胞(HAMs)可诱导分化为神经样细胞混合培养的生长以及经碱性成纤维细胞生长因子(bFGF)诱导HAMs向神经样细胞分化.方法 采用细胞分离和培养技术获取HAMs,分离HAMs后传代培养,加入bFGF诱导分化.当细胞传至第3代时,随机取培养的6份HAMs(半量)为A组,6份HAMs(半量)为B组,将A、B组各剩余的半量HAMs混合为C组.3组细胞密度均为1.0 x 107/L.以活细胞计数和噻唑蓝(MTT)比色法比较3组细胞扩增数量,免疫组织化学法检测HAMs胶质纤维酸性蛋白(GFAP)、神经元特异性烯醇化酶(NSE)、巢蛋白(Nestin)的表达.以活细胞计数和MTT比色法比较3组细胞扩增数量,免疫组织化学检测HAMs神经胶质细胞标志物、神经元特异性烯醇化酶和巢蛋白的表达.结果 活细胞计数结果显示,第18天A组HAMs为(4.80±1.49)×104个,B组HAMs为(5.00±1.75) xl04个,C组HAMs为(8.90±3.46)×104个.MTT比色检测结果均显示,第18天A组HAMs为0.242±3.408,B组HAMs为0.245±5.226,C组HAMs为0.321 ±1.321(P <0.05).经bFGF诱导后均表达GFAP 、NSE和Nestin.结论 混合HAMs之间有互相促增殖作用,HAMs具有较强的可塑性,经bFGF诱导的HAMs可表达GFAP、NSE和Nestin.%Objective To observe growth of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-induced cultures of human amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HAMs) and differentiation into neuronal-like cells.Comparative observation.Methods Amnia from full-term,uterine-incision delivery were donated by 12 healthy women.HAMs were obtained by cell separation and culture techniques,and were passaged and induced by bFGF.From the third passage,a total of 1 ml HAMs,at a density of 1.0 × 107/L,was separately harvested from six samples,which served as group A.A total of 1 ml HAMs,at a density of 1.0 × 107/L,was harvested separately from the remaining six samples,which served as group B.A total of 0.5 ml from the six samples of group A and 0.5 ml from the

  19. High-Speed, Real-Time Scope Based on Optical Fiber Delay Line Loop Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Real-time oscilloscopes that are currently available go up only to 8 GHz. For transient signal measurements above 8 GHz, streak cameras have to be used. An instrument, developed by YY Labs, provides a convenient, low-cost method for such measurements. YY Labs' Single-Shot Scope captures single-shot signals in one or two channels and then regenerates 1000 copies of the one- or two-channel analogue signals to form a pulse train, with the aid of an optic-fiber delay line loop. A sampling scope recovers the original signals from the pulse train

  20. Scope of practice review: providers for triage and assessment of spine-related disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boakye O

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Omenaa Boakye,1 Arden Birney,1 Esther Suter,1 Leah Adeline Phillips,2 Victoria YM Suen3 1Workforce Research and Evaluation, Alberta Health Services, Calgary, 2College of Licensed Practical Nurses of Alberta, Edmonton, 3Addiction and Mental Health SCN, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, AB, Canada Purpose: This study explored which health care providers could be involved in centralized intake for patients with nonspecific low back pain to enhance access, continuity, and appropriateness of care. Methods: We reviewed the scope of practice regulations for a range of health care providers. We also conducted telephone interviews with 17 individuals representing ten provincial colleges and regulatory bodies to further understand providers' legislated scopes of practice. Activities relevant to triaging and assessing patients with low back pain were mapped against professionals' scope of practice. Results: Family physicians and nurse practitioners have the most comprehensive scopes and can complete all restricted activities for spine assessment and triage, while the scope of registered nurses and licensed practical nurses are progressively narrower. Chiropractors, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, and athletic therapists are considered experts in musculoskeletal assessments and appear best suited for musculoskeletal specific assessment and triage. Other providers may play a complementary role depending on the individual patient needs. Conclusion: These findings indicate that an interprofessional assessment and triage team that includes allied health professionals would be a feasible option to create a centralized intake model. Implementation of such teams would require removing barriers that currently prevent providers from delivering on their full scope of practice. Keywords: scope of practice review, low back pain, integrated service model, centralized intake, interprofessional team

  1. 20 CFR 411.100 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope. 411.100 Section 411.100 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION THE TICKET TO WORK AND SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Introduction § 411... managers to assist us in the administration of the Ticket to Work program. (e) Subpart E...

  2. 48 CFR 23.1000 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE Federal Compliance With Right-To-Know Laws and Pollution Prevention Requirements 23.1000 Scope...) Compliance with right-to-know laws and pollution prevention requirements; (b) Implementation of...

  3. 5 CFR 179.202 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope. 179.202 Section 179.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS... implementing the Federal Claims Collection Act (31 U.S.C. 3711 et seq., 4 CFR parts 101-105, 38 CFR 1.900...

  4. 21 CFR 892.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES General Provisions § 892.1 Scope. (a) This part sets forth the classification of radiology devices... devices, as required by § 807.87. (c) To avoid duplicative listings, a radiology device that has two...

  5. 14 CFR 77.21 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope. 77.21 Section 77.21 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRSPACE OBJECTS... Alaska or Pacific Airman's Guide and Chart Supplement; or (2) A planned or proposed airport or an...

  6. 14 CFR 77.11 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope. 77.11 Section 77.11 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIRSPACE OBJECTS... supplemental notices 48 hours before the start and upon the completion of certain construction or...

  7. 22 CFR 309.13 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... offset; (3) 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, setting forth the minimum requirements for executive agency regulations on salary offset; and (4) 31 CFR parts 900 through 904, the Federal Claims Collections Standards... PEACE CORPS DEBT COLLECTION Salary Offset § 309.13 Scope. (a) The provisions of this section apply...

  8. 24 CFR 17.1 - Scope; definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Tort Claims Act issued by the Attorney General (31 FR 16616; 28 CFR part 14). (c) The terms Department and Organizational unit are defined in 24 CFR part 5. Procedures ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope; definitions. 17.1 Section...

  9. 45 CFR 1355.10 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) OFFICE OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, FOSTER CARE MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS, ADOPTION ASSISTANCE, AND CHILD AND FAMILY SERVICES GENERAL § 1355.10 Scope. Unless...

  10. 7 CFR 3.51 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Administrative Wage Garnishment § 3.51 Scope. (a) This subpart applies to any agency that administers a program that gives rise to a delinquent nontax debt owed to the United States and to any agency that pursues recovery of such debt. (b) This subpart shall...

  11. 20 CFR 901.0 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...' Benefits JOINT BOARD FOR THE ENROLLMENT OF ACTUARIES REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE PERFORMANCE OF ACTUARIAL SERVICES UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974 § 901.0 Scope. This part contains rules governing the performance of actuarial services under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of...

  12. 21 CFR 17.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... act that relate to prescription drug marketing practices. (b) Section 303(f)(1) of the act authorizing... mitigation strategies for drugs. (d) Section 303(g)(1) of the act authorizing civil money penalties for... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope. 17.1 Section 17.1 Food and Drugs FOOD...

  13. 16 CFR 1101.2. - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS INFORMATION DISCLOSURE UNDER SECTION 6(b) OF THE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT Background § 1101.2. Scope. Section 6(b) and these... Law 110-278, 122 Stat. 2602 (July 17, 2008)....

  14. 21 CFR 878.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES General Provisions § 878.1 Scope. (a) This part sets forth the classification of general and plastic surgery devices intended for human use that are in commercial distribution. (b) The... listings, a general and plastic surgery device that has two or more types of uses (e.g., used both as...

  15. 43 CFR 15.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.1 Scope. The State of Florida has established a similar coral reef preserve on an area situated shoreward of a line three geographic miles from Key Largo and contiguous to the Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve. It is the policy of...

  16. 46 CFR 58.16-1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING MAIN AND AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND RELATED SYSTEMS Liquefied Petroleum Gases for Cooking and Heating § 58.16-1 Scope. (a) This subpart prescribes standards for the use of liquefied petroleum gas for heating and cooking on inspected vessels,...

  17. 34 CFR 686.30 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope. 686.30 Section 686.30 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER EDUCATION ASSISTANCE FOR COLLEGE AND HIGHER EDUCATION (TEACH) GRANT...

  18. 14 CFR 171.21 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... FACILITIES NON-FEDERAL NAVIGATION FACILITIES Nondirectional Radio Beacon Facilities § 171.21 Scope. (a) This... radio beacon facilities that are to be involved in the approval of instrument flight rules and air traffic control procedures related to those facilities. (b) A nondirectional radio beacon (“H”...

  19. Interdisciplinary Doctoral Research Supervision: A Scoping Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanstone, Meredith; Hibbert, Kathy; Kinsella, Elizabeth Anne; McKenzie, Pam; Pitman, Allan; Lingard, Lorelei

    2013-01-01

    This scoping literature review examines the topic of interdisciplinary doctoral research supervision. Interdisciplinary doctoral research programs are expanding in response to encouragement from funding agencies and enthusiasm from faculty and students. In an acknowledgement that the search for creative and innovative solutions to complex problems…

  20. 19 CFR 174.0 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... applicable to Canadian and Mexican exporters and producers regarding administrative review and appeal of...) PROTESTS § 174.0 Scope. This part deals with the administrative review of decisions of the port director, including the requirements for the filing of protests against such decisions, amendment of protests,...

  1. 49 CFR 234.1 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION GRADE CROSSING SIGNAL SYSTEM SAFETY AND STATE ACTION PLANS General § 234.1 Scope. This part imposes minimum maintenance, inspection, and testing standards for highway-rail grade crossing warning... particular identified States to develop State highway-rail grade crossing action plans. This part does...

  2. 44 CFR 206.343 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope. 206.343 Section 206.343 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... orientation which is unrelated to development is not subject to the requirements of these regulations....

  3. 21 CFR 26.3 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN... Provisions for Pharmaceutical Good Manufacturing Practices § 26.3 Scope. (a) The provisions of this subpart... inspections and the good manufacturing practices (GMP's) requirements. (c) Appendix B of this subpart...

  4. Consumer Behavior: Its Scope and Boundary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirgy, M. Joseph

    Consumer behavior can be conceptualized by introducing a theoretical framework which defines its scope and boundary and identifies six developmental levels. The infancy stage, Level I, is the study of consumer behavior referred to as the scientific study of psychological structure and process dynamics of individuals consuming an economic good…

  5. The widening scope of mentalizing: a discussion

    OpenAIRE

    Fonagy, P.; Bateman, A

    2011-01-01

    The editors of this special issue have commissioned us to bring together some of the conceptual and empirical research presented in six intriguing papers that illustrate the widening scope of mentalization. Our discussion will look at each paper in turn, but bring ideas and findings from the other papers into focus when relevant.

  6. 32 CFR 319.3 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PRIVACY PROGRAM § 319.3 Scope. (a) Any individual who is a citizen of the United States or... Defense Intelligence Agency. (b) These rules apply to those systems of records: (1) Maintained by the Defense Intelligence Agency; (2) For which the Defense Intelligence Agency prescribes the content...

  7. 40 CFR 35.917-4 - Planning scope and detail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Planning scope and detail. 35.917-4 Section 35.917-4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL... Planning scope and detail. (a) Initially, the geographic scope of step 1 grant assistance shall be based...

  8. 45 CFR 703.3 - Scope of subject matter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of subject matter. 703.3 Section 703.3... AND FUNCTIONS OF STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEES § 703.3 Scope of subject matter. The scope of the subject matter to be dealt with by Advisory Committees shall be those subjects of inquiry or study with which...

  9. Examining Young Students' Problem Scoping in Engineering Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Jessica; Spencer, Kathleen; Hammer, David

    2014-01-01

    Problem scoping--determining the nature and boundaries of a problem--is an essential aspect of the engineering design process. Some studies from engineering education suggest that beginning students tend to skip problem scoping or oversimplify a problem. However, the ways these studies often characterize students' problem scoping often do not…

  10. Innovations in making EarthScope science and data accessible (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratt-Sitaula, B. A.; Butler, R. F.; Whitman, J. M.; Granshaw, F. D.; Lillie, R. J.; Hunter, N.; Cronin, V. S.; Resor, P. G.; Olds, S. E.; Miller, M. S.; Walker, R.; Douglas, B. B.

    2013-12-01

    EarthScope is a highly complex technical and scientific endeavor. Making results from EarthScope accessible to the general public, educators, all levels of students, and even geoscience professionals from other disciplines is a very real challenge that must be overcome to realize EarthScope's intended broader impacts of contributing 'to the mitigation of risks from geological hazards ... and the public's understanding of the dynamic Earth.' Here we provided several case examples of how EarthScope science can be effectively communicated and then scaled to reach different or larger audiences. One approach features providing professional development regarding EarthScope and geohazard science to non-university educators who then scale up the impact by communicating to hundreds or even thousands of students and general public members each. EarthScope-funded Teachers on the Leading Edge (TOTLE) ran workshops 2008-2010 for 120 Pacific Northwest teachers and community college educators who subsequently communicated EarthScope and geohazards science to >30,000 students and >1500 other adults. Simultaneously EarthScope's National Office at Oregon State University was running workshops for park interpreters who have since reached >>100,000 park visitors. These earlier projects have served as the foundation for the new Cascadia EarthScope Earthquake and Tsunami Education Program (CEETEP), which is currently running joint workshops for coastal Oregon and Washington teachers, interpreters, and emergency management educators. The other approach featured here is UNAVCO's scaled efforts to make Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) and other geodetic data more accessible to introductory and majors-level geoscience students and faculty. Initial projects included development of a Teaching Geodesy website on the Science Education Research Center (SERC) and development of teaching modules and activities that use PBO data. Infinitesimal strain analysis using GPS data is a 1-2 week module for

  11. Spin current

    CERN Document Server

    Valenzuela, Sergio O; Saitoh, Eiji; Kimura, Takashi

    2012-01-01

    In a new branch of physics and technology called spin-electronics or spintronics, the flow of electrical charge (usual current) as well as the flow of electron spin, the so-called 'spin current', are manipulated and controlled together. This book provides an introduction and guide to the new physics and application of spin current.

  12. Reduced attentional scope in cocaine polydrug users.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenza S Colzato

    Full Text Available Cocaine is Europe's second preferred recreational drug after cannabis but very little is known about possible cognitive impairments in the upcoming type of recreational cocaine user (monthly consumption. We asked whether recreational use of cocaine impacts early attentional selection processes. Cocaine-free polydrug controls (n = 18 and cocaine polydrug users (n = 18 were matched on sex, age, alcohol consumption, and IQ (using the Raven's progressive matrices, and were tested by using the Global-Local task to measure the scope of attention. Cocaine polydrug users attended significantly more to local aspects of attended events, which fits with the idea that a reduced scope of attention may be associated with the perpetuation of the use of the drug.

  13. Latin American forensic pathology: scope and needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel M. Fonseca

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Pathology pertains to the study of a disease; from ancient times it has sought to explain the cause of death through postmortem examination. The advancement of science and technology has led to a greater definition of roles and has favored its development through different subspecialties among which we stands out forensic pathology. This discipline has its own characteristics, scope, case series, procedures and terminology. Likewise, although forensic pathology does not differ substantially from clinical pathology, significant differences can be found between the Anglo American approach and the Latin American approach. Beyond semantics of these alleged differences, the article reviews the concepts involved and discusses the scope and requirements needed to qualify experts, in the understanding that globalizing criteria should establish new paradigms and define the specific roles of the specialty.

  14. Revising the Complex Economics of Patent Scope

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Howells, John

    Merges and Nelson claim to have provided an empirically grounded argument that pioneer patents of 'broad' scope are used to block technological development. It is widely understood in both law and economics that they have, as they claim, faulted Kitch's 'prospect theory' of patents, a theory that a...... function of patents is to enable the coordinated development of novel technical ideas. This article is a critical review of Merges and Nelson's historical empirical evidence. I find that, first, 'broad' scope is only implicated in one of the examples cited by Merges and Nelson as supportive evidence - the...... Wright brothers' warped-wing patent; second, that strict development block, defined as the prevention, or retardation of the development of technology understood to be capable of useful development, was not illustrated by any of their examples. Therefore I conclude that their general thesis is not...

  15. The Scope of Moore's Ethical Intuitionism

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Akbar Abdolabadi

    2009-01-01

    One of the most fundamental questions about G. E. Moore's ethical intuitionism relates to its scope. Does Moore's ethical intuitionism only relate to the value - ethical terms and the ethical judgments or propositions containing them, or beside those terms and judgments or propositions, it relate to the obligatory ethical terms and the ethical judgments or propositions containing them? In this paper, we will try to show, by an analytic - critical method, that contrary to som...

  16. Framing maternal morbidity: WHO scoping exercise

    OpenAIRE

    Vanderkruik, Rachel C; Tunçalp, Özge; Chou, Doris; Say, Lale

    2013-01-01

    Background Maternal morbidity estimations are not based on well-documented methodologies and thus have limited validity for informing efforts to address the issue and improve maternal health. To fill this gap, maternal morbidity needs to be clearly defined, driving the development of tools and indicators to measure and monitor maternal health. This article describes the scoping exercise conducted by the World Health Organization’s Department of Reproductive of Health and Research (WHO/RHR), a...

  17. How the Cloud Stretches the SOA Scope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lakshmanan G

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we will describe how the enterprise serviceoriented-architecture (SOA scope is stretched with the advent of cloud computing. With the help of the case study of a fictitious global retailer, we will demonstrate the process for identifying cloud scenarios. Also, we will come across an emerging breed of distributed applications—both on-premise and in the Cloud—and discuss the integration considerations for building them.

  18. Superposition and Entanglement from Quantum Scope

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Dong-sheng

    2011-01-01

    The abstract framework of quantum mechanics (QM) causes the well-known weirdness, which leads to the field of foundation of QM. We constructed the new concept, i.e., scope, to lay the foundation of quantum coherence and openness, also the principles of superposition and entanglement. We studied analytically and quantitatively the quantum correlations and information, also we discussed the physical essence of the existed entanglement measures. We compared with several other approaches to the f...

  19. Industrial Scope of Agglomeration Economies in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Maria Bonomi Barufi; Eduardo A. Haddad, Peter Nijkamp

    2015-01-01

    The tendency towards urbanization in the emerging world accompanied by the constant pursuit for higher productivity prompts an urge for studies aiming at understanding agglomeration economies. In the context of Brazil, a country with extremely high regional disparities, exploring this issue is important not only for private stakeholders, but also for public policy practitioners. In the framework of static agglomeration effects, we investigate the industrial scope of agglomeration economies in...

  20. E-textiles in Clinical Rehabilitation: A Scoping Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Fleury

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Electronic textiles have potential for many practical uses in clinical rehabilitation. This scoping review appraises recent and emerging developments of textile-based sensors with applications to rehabilitation. Contributions published from 2009 to 2013 are appraised with a specific focus on the measured physiological or biomechanical phenomenon, current measurement practices, textile innovations, and their merits and limitations. While fabric-based signal quality and sensor integration have advanced considerably, overall system integration (including circuitry and power has not been fully realized. Validation against clinical gold standards is inconsistent at best, and feasibility with clinical populations remains to be demonstrated. The overwhelming focus of research and development has been on remote sensing but the opportunity for textile-mediated feedback to the wearer remains unexplored. Recommendations for future research are provided.

  1. Acceleration of the RERTR program: Scope, status, and plans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The terrorist threats demonstrated by the September 11, 2001 attacks, the promising results of the RERTR program in testing monolithic U-Mo fuel, and the advances of the Russian RERTR program in developing new LEU fuels for Russian-designed research reactors have led to a reevaluation of the speed and focus with which RERTR program goals should be pursued. In their May 2002 Summit in Moscow, President Bush and President Putin agreed to establish a joint expert group to work out proposals to reduce Russian inventories of HEU and plutonium. During currently ongoing negotiations between the United States and Russia, one important activity identified by the expert group is to 'work on accelerated development of LEU fuel for both Soviet-designed and United States-designed research reactors'. This paper addresses the scope, status and plans for activities of the RERTR program consistent with this goal. (author)

  2. Current stabilizer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A current stabilizer for supplying magnetic lens of β-monochromator at the electron energy up to 1 MeV is described. Stabilization method with use of reference high-stabilized source of direct voltage with switching-in loading (monochromator coil) to circuit of negative feedback of direct-current amplifier with high gain is chosen for stabilization of direct current. The range of current regulation is 0.5 A at available power up to 15 W. Current instability during 10 hour continuous work does not exceed 10-4% that makes it possible to provide instability of electron energy at the monochromator exit using 90Sr+90Y β-nucleide of not more than 10 -4% and number of electrons 2.5x10-4% respectively

  3. Home care safety markers: a scoping review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macdonald, Marilyn; Lang, Ariella; Storch, Jan; Stevenson, Lynn; Donaldson, Susan; Barber, Tanya; Iaboni, Kristine

    2013-01-01

    Safety in home care is a new research frontier, and one in which demand for services continues to rise. A scoping review of the home care literature on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and congestive heart failure was thus completed to identify safety markers that could serve to develop our understanding of safety in this sector. Results generated seven safety markers: (a) Home alone; (b) A fixed agenda in a foreign language; (c) Strangers in the home; (d) The butcher, the baker, the candlestick maker; (e) Medication mania; (f) Out of pocket: The cost of caring at home; and (g) My health for yours: Declining caregiver health. PMID:23679662

  4. Tokamak Engineering Technology Facility scoping study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stacey, W.M. Jr.; Abdou, M.A.; Bolta, C.C.

    1976-03-01

    A scoping study for a Tokamak Engineering Technology Facility (TETF) is presented. The TETF is a tokamak with R = 3 m and I/sub p/ = 1.4 MA based on the counterstreaming-ion torus mode of operation. The primary purpose of TETF is to demonstrate fusion technologies for the Experimental Power Reactor (EPR), but it will also serve as an engineering and radiation test facility. TETF has several technological systems (e.g., superconducting toroidal-field coil, tritium fuel cycle, impurity control, first wall) that are prototypical of EPR.

  5. Objectives, scope and programme of work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objectives and scope for Working Group 1 were: (1) to estimate needs for nuclear energy and correlated needs for uranium and heavy water according to different fuel cycle strategies; (2) to review uranium availability; (3) to review heavy water availability; (4) to review thorium availability; (5) to consider special needs of developing countries. Sub-Groups were formed to carry out specific parts of the evaluation as follows: Sub-Group A: Nuclear Growth and Demand. Sub-Group B: Nuclear Fuel Resources. Sub-Group C: Technical and Political Aspects of Uranium and Thorium Exploration and Production. Sub-Group D: Heavy Water Availability

  6. Enabling Flexibility for Scoping Decisions in Software Development : A Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolaus, Bob; Pardo, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    Context. Flexibility in requirements management allows organizations to react quickly to changes in market demand. Organizations rely primarily on different documents to track projects, which are inefficient at maintaining traceability between requirements and other development artifacts. Finding a model to structure change impact analysis and change propagation is needed. Objectives. First, this thesis studies the current practice for enabling flexibility of scoping decisions. Second it eval...

  7. Evaluation methods for physical activity-promoting mobile technologies: an interdisciplinary scoping review

    OpenAIRE

    Claire McCallum; John Rooksby

    2015-01-01

    There are many thousands of mobile apps, wearables and other technologies available to support and promote physical activity. However, the rapidly evolving nature of these technologies means that the methodologies traditionally used to evaluate the effectiveness of behaviour change interventions (such as the randomised controlled trial) may not be appropriate to evaluate their effectiveness. A scoping review was conducted to identify the methods currently being used to evaluate physical activ...

  8. A scoping review of biomechanical testing for proximal humerus fracture implants

    OpenAIRE

    Cruickshank, David; Lefaivre, Kelly A.; Johal, Herman; MacIntyre, Norma J; Sprague, Sheila A; Scott, Taryn; Guy, Pierre; Cripton, Peter A.; McKee, Michael; Bhandari, Mohit; Slobogean, Gerard P

    2015-01-01

    Background Fixation failure is a relatively common sequela of surgical management of proximal humerus fractures (PHF). The purpose of this study is to understand the current state of the literature with regard to the biomechanical testing of proximal humerus fracture implants. Methods A scoping review of the proximal humerus fracture literature was performed, and studies testing the mechanical properties of a PHF treatment were included in this review. Descriptive statistics were used to summ...

  9. Approaches to Understanding and Addressing Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Scoping Review

    OpenAIRE

    Emily Jenkins; Goldner, Elliot M.

    2012-01-01

    Treatment-resistant depression is associated with significant disability and, due to its high prevalence, results in substantive economic and societal burden at a population level.  The objective of this study is to synthesize extant literature on approaches currently being applied to understand and address this condition. It is hoped that the findings can be used to inform practitioners and guide future research. A scoping review of the scientific literature was conducted with findings ...

  10. Trends in simulation and the Krsko full scope simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear power plant simulation industry is a fast-paced industry yielding continual development as a result of innovations in technology and customer requirements. This paper will discuss the current trends in simulator requirements, the status of simulation technology and the expected future developments, particularly in the context of the NPP Krsko full scope simulator. CAE Electronics has been awarded the contract for the design, construction, integration, testing and commissioning of the NPP Krsko full scope simulator (KFSS) by Nuklearna elektrarna Krsko (NEK). KFSS, as an integral part of the NPP Krsko Modernization plan, has been the subject of an extensive procurement process. KFSS will also take into account the steam generator replacement and plant uprate projects which will be delivered to provide initial training in the modernized plant configuration. As a result, the completed KFSS will meet NEK's goals for reliable training in safe plant operation as well as the licensing requirements of the Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration. KFSS will be a state-of-the-art facility featuring high fidelity process and control models, proven technology and superior maintainability that will push the envelope of traditional simulator uses. In addition to serving its role as a high quality training vehicle, KFSS will be used for engineering purposes including procedure development and validation, optimization of plant operation and study and validation of plant modifications. KFSS models will be built for the most part with CAE's ROSETM toolset. ROSE, is a component-based, visual programming environment for the creation, testing, integration and management of simulator models and supporting virtual panels. The NSSS will be simulated using the ANTHEM two-phase drift flux model, while be simulated using the COMET two-group, three-dimensional model. Software design and testing will be supported by an extensive series of quality procedures throughout the software

  11. Hardware Support for Safety-critical Java Scope Checks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rios Rivas, Juan Ricardo; Schoeberl, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Memory management in Safety-Critical Java (SCJ) is based on time bounded, non garbage collected scoped memory regions used to store temporary objects. Scoped memory regions may have different life times during the execution of a program and hence, to avoid leaving dangling pointers, it is necessary...... in terms of execution time for applications where cross-scope references are frequent. Our proposal was implemented and tested on the Java Optimized Processor (JOP)....

  12. Requirements scoping outside product lines : Systematic Literature Review and Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Kollu, Ravichandra Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Context: Scoping is admitted as a key activity in Market Driven Software Development for handling the constant inflow of requirements. It helps in identifying the features, domains and products which help for gaining economic benefits in Software Product Line (SPL) development. Beyond SPL, managing the scope of the project is a major risk for project management. Continuously changing scope creates a congestion state to handle the requirements inflow which causes negative consequences like sco...

  13. Optical fiber scope for inspecting fuel assembly

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since a fiber scope has only one objective section, it has to observe a plurality of places successively. Then, if the time for the observation is long, the objective section is deteriorated by radiation rays, which causes a problem of interrupting the observation and increasing operator's radiation dose. In view of the above, one or two light guides are combined with an image guide to form one objective section, and a plurality of them are formed in parallel and gathered as a comb-like shape. A prism is put into a window of the objective section and resins are filled or a glass cover is attached, to make the objective section smooth and flat. Compared with the case of using only one objective section, it is no more necessary for successive observation, and objection can be conducted at one time. For example, if a fiber scope having nine objective sections is used for observing 8 x 8 arrangement fuel assembly, the observation time is shortened to 1/9. Since the prism, the glass cover, and the resins are used for making the window flat, cruds deposited between the optical fiber and a reflection mirror are easily removed, to obtain clear images. (N.H.)

  14. Quarry residuals RI/FS scoping document

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this document is to serve as a planning tool for the implementation of the Quarry Residual Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) process and to provide direct input to revising and updating the 1988 Work Plan for the Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (WSSRAP) Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study-Environmental Impact Statement for the Weldon Spring Site (RI/FS-EIS) (Peterson et al. 1988) for this effort. The scoping process is intended to outline the tasks necessary to develop and implement activities in compliance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act-National Environmental Policy Act (CERCLA-NEPA) process from detailed planning through the appropriate decision document. In addition to scoping the entire process, this document will serve as the primary tool for planning and accomplishing all activities to be developed in the Quarry Residual RI/FS Work Plan. Subsequent tasks are difficult to plan at this time. 10 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs

  15. Donkey anaphora is in-scope binding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Barker

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available We propose that the antecedent of a donkey pronoun takes scope over and binds the donkey pronoun, just like any other quantificational antecedent would bind a pronoun. We flesh out this idea in a grammar that compositionally derives the truth conditions of donkey sentences containing conditionals and relative clauses, including those involving modals and proportional quantifiers. For example, an indefinite in the antecedent of a conditional can bind a donkey pronoun in the consequent by taking scope over the entire conditional. Our grammar manages continuations using three independently motivated type-shifters, Lift, Lower, and Bind. Empirical support comes from donkey weak crossover (*He beats it if a farmer owns a donkey: in our system, a quantificational binder need not c-command a pronoun that it binds, but must be evaluated before it, so that donkey weak crossover is just a special case of weak crossover. We compare our approach to situation-based E-type pronoun analyses, as well as to dynamic accounts such as Dynamic Predicate Logic. A new 'tower' notation makes derivations considerably easier to follow and manipulate than some previous grammars based on continuations. http://dx.doi.org/10.3765/sp.1.1 BibTeX info See also the interactive tutorial about the system in this paper

  16. EarthScope Education and Outreach: Accomplishments and Emerging Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, S.; Ellins, K. K.; Semken, S. C.; Arrowsmith, R.

    2014-12-01

    EarthScope's Education and Outreach (E&O) program aims to increase public awareness of Earth science and enhance geoscience education at the K-12 and college level. The program is distinctive among major geoscience programs in two ways. First, planning for education and public engagement occurred in tandem with planning for the science mission. Second, the NSF EarthScope program includes funding support for education and outreach. In this presentation, we highlight key examples of the program's accomplishments and identify emerging E&O opportunities. E&O efforts have been collaboratively led by the EarthScope National Office (ESNO), IRIS, UNAVCO, the EarthScope Education and Outreach Subcommittee (EEOSC) and PI-driven EarthScope projects. Efforts by the EEOSC, guided by an EarthScope Education and Outreach Implementation Plan that is periodically updated, focus EarthScope E&O. EarthScope demonstrated early success in engaging undergraduate students (and teachers) in its mission through their involvement in siting USArray across the contiguous U.S. Funded E&O programs such as TOTLE, Illinois EarthScope, CEETEP (for K-12), InTeGrate and GETSI (for undergraduates) foster use of freely available EarthScope data and research findings. The Next Generation Science Standards, which stress science and engineering practices, offer an opportunity for alignment with existing EarthScope K-12 educational resources, and the EEOSC recommends focusing efforts on this task. The EEOSC recognizes the rapidly growing use of mobile smart devices by the public and in formal classrooms, which bring new opportunities to connect with the public and students. This will capitalize on EarthScope's already prominent social media presence, an effort that developed to accomplish one of the primary goals of the EarthScope E&O Implementation Plan to "Create a high-profile public identity for EarthScope" and to "Promote science literacy and understanding of EarthScope among all audiences through

  17. Prioritising Project Scope Definition Elements in Public Building Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed K Fageha

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A complete definition of the scope of a project upfront during early stages ensures smooth and successful implementation during the project execution. This research identifies and prioritises project scope definition elements for public buildings in Saudi Arabia. Elements that could significantly contribute to complete project scope definition package at pre-project planning stage are identified and their interrelationship determined and prioritised. Using the Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI as a basis, the study uses analytical network process (ANP technique based on data obtained from project managers who have been involved in public sector projects in Saudi Arabia. Data collection and analysis was conducted in three steps. The first step involved identification of scope definition elements while the second involved an investigation into interrelationships among the elements. In the third step, ANP was used to determine the weight of the elements’ importance in terms of contribution to project scope definition completeness. Finally, Pareto analysis was used to prioritise and assess the distribution pattern of the elements. The outcome from this research is the prioritisation of project scope definition elements for public building projects in Saudi Arabia. The prioritised list developed indicates the importance of project scope definition elements. It should help project management teams identify elements to consider when evaluating project scope definition for completeness at the pre-project planning stage. Keywords: Project scope definition, pre-project planning, prioritising, public building projects, Saudi Arabia, Analytical Network Process (ANP

  18. Geology, Geochronology, and EarthScope: The EarthScope AGeS Program and a new idea for a 4D Earth Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flowers, R. M.; Arrowsmith, R.; Metcalf, J. R.; Rittenour, T. M.; Schoene, B.; Hole, J. A.; Pavlis, T. L.; Wagner, L. S.; Whitmeyer, S. J.; Williams, M. L.

    2015-12-01

    The EarthScope AGeS (Awards for Geochronology Student Research) program is a multi-year educational initiative aimed at enhancing interdisciplinary, innovative, and high-impact science by promoting training and new interactions between students, scientists, and geochronology labs at different institutions. The program offers support of up to $10,000 for graduate students to collect and interpret geochronology data that contribute to EarthScope science targets through visits to participating geochronology labs (www.earthscope.org/geochronology). The program was launched by a 2-day short course held before the 2014 National GSA meeting in Vancouver, at which 16 geochronology experts introduced 43 participants to the basic theory and applications of geochronology methods. By the first proposal submission deadline in spring 2015, 33 labs representing a broad range of techniques had joined the program by submitting lab plans that were posted on the EarthScope website. The lab plans provide information about preparation, realistic time frames for visits, and analytical costs. In the first year of the program, students submitted 47 proposals from 32 different institutions. Proposals were ranked by an independent panel, 10 were funded, and research associated with these projects is currently underway. The next proposal deadline will be held in spring 2016. The 4D-Earth initiative is an idea for a natural successor to the EarthScope program aimed at expanding the primarily 3D geophysical focus that captured a snapshot of present day North America into the 4th dimension of time (hence the connection to the prototypical AGeS program), and illuminating the crustal component that was below the resolution of much of the USArray image. Like EarthScope, the notion is that this initiative would integrate new infrastructure and usher in a new way of doing science. The overarching scientific motivation is to develop a Community Geologic Model for the 4-D Evolution of the North

  19. Neutral currents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The evidence for the existence of weak neutral current has been a very controverted topics in the early 1970's, as well as the muon did in the 1930's. The history is very rich considering the evolution of the experimental techniques in high energy particle physics. The history of the discovery and the study of weak neutral current is reviewed. Later the quest of the intermediate vector boson continues with the decision of the community to build a large proton antiproton collider. (K.A.). 14 refs., 1 fig

  20. Current Titles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Various

    2006-06-01

    This booklet is published for those interested in current research being conducted at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers. Access is controlled by an external steering committee. Interested researchers may contact Jane Cavlina, Administrator, at 510/486-6036.

  1. NASA Scope and Subject Category Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    This guide provides a simple, effective tool to assist aerospace information analysts and database builders in the high-level subject classification of technical materials. Each of the 76 subject categories comprising the classification scheme is presented with a description of category scope, a listing of subtopics, cross references, and an indication of particular areas of NASA interest. The guide also includes an index of nearly 3,000 specific research topics cross referenced to the subject categories. The portable document format (PDF) version of the guide contains links in the index from each input subject to its corresponding categories. In addition to subject classification, the guide can serve as an aid to searching databases that use the classification scheme, and is also an excellent selection guide for those involved in the acquisition of aerospace literature. The CD-ROM contains both HTML and PDF versions.

  2. The AuScope Geodetic VLBI Array

    CERN Document Server

    Lovell, J E J; Reid, P B; McCulloch, P M; Baynes, B E; Dickey, J M; Shabala, S S; Watson, C S; Titov, O; Ruddick, R; Twilley, R; Reynolds, C; Tingay, S J; Shield, P; Adada, R; Ellingsen, S P; Morgan, J S; Bignall, H E; 10.1007/s00190-013-0626-3

    2013-01-01

    The AuScope geodetic Very Long Baseline Interferometry array consists of three new 12 m radio telescopes and a correlation facility in Australia. The telescopes at Hobart (Tasmania), Katherine (Northern Territory) and Yarragadee (Western Australia) are co-located with other space geodetic techniques including Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and gravity infrastructure, and in the case of Yarragadee, Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) and Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS) facilities. The correlation facility is based in Perth (Western Australia). This new facility will make significant contributions to improving the densification of the International Celestial Reference Frame in the Southern Hemisphere, and subsequently enhance the International Terrestrial Reference Frame through the ability to detect and mitigate systematic error. This, combined with the simultaneous densification of the GNSS network across Australia will enable the improved measurement of intrapl...

  3. Automation scope at Roxboro generating station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many fossil fired power plant have replaced their aging unit control hardware with modern DCS technology. This paper describes a jointly sponsored project by EPRI, Carolina Power and Light Co. (CP and L) and ABB, to implement plant automation functions which would complement DCS technology, and result in improvements in plant operations in terms of heat rate, availability, and operations cost. These will be demonstrated at CP and L's Roxboro Station, a 4 unit coal fired plant with total capacity of nearly 2,477 MW. The scope of this four year project includes installation of a plant-wide information management system, automation of unit testing, implementation of advanced controls, intelligent alarms, operator advisory functions, and a plant-wide simulator, as well as support for plant unit economic dispatch

  4. REBUILD AMERICA PROGRAM SCOPE OF WORK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeffrey Brown; Bruce Exstrum

    2004-12-01

    This report summarizes the activities carried out by Aspen Systems Corporation in support of the Department of Energy's Rebuild America program during the period from October 9, 1999 to October 31, 2004. These activities were in accordance with the Scope of Work contained in a GSA MOBIS schedule task order issued by the National Energy Technology Laboratory. This report includes descriptions of activities and results in the following areas: deployment/delivery model; program and project results; program representative support activities; technical assistance; web site development and operation; business/strategic partners; and training/workshop activities. The report includes conclusions and recommendations. Five source documents are also provided as appendices.

  5. EarthScope's Transportable Array in Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busby, R. W.; Woodward, R.; Hafner, K.

    2013-12-01

    Since 2003, EarthScope has been installing a network of seismometers, known as the Transportable Array-across the continental United States and southern Canada. The station deployments will be completed in the Conterminous US in the fall of 2013. Beginning in October, 2013, and continuing for 5 years, EarthScope's Transportable Array plans to create a grid of seismic sensors in approximately 300 locations In Alaska and Western Canada. The proposed station grid is 85 km, and target locations will supplement or enhance existing seismic stations operating in Alaska. When possible, they will also be co-located with existing GPS stations constructed by the Plate Boundary Observatory. We review the siting plans for stations, the progress towards reconnaissance and permitting, and detail the engineering concept of the stations. In order to be able to determine the required site conditions and descriptions of installation methods to the permitting agencies, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has been supporting exploratory work on seismic station design, sensor emplacement and communication concepts appropriate for the challenging high-latitude environment that is proposed for deployment. IRIS has installed several experimental stations to evaluate different sensor emplacement schemes both in Alaska and the lower-48 U.S. The goal of these tests is to maintain or enhance a station's noise performance while minimizing its footprint and the equipment, materials, and overall expense required for its construction. Motivating this approach are recent developments in posthole broadband seismometer design and the unique conditions for operating in Alaska, where most areas are only accessible by small plane or helicopter, and permafrost underlies much of the region. IRIS has experimented with different portable drills and drilling techniques to create shallow holes (1-5M) in permafrost and rock outcrops. Seasonal changes can affect the performance of seismometers in different

  6. 39 CFR 3030.2 - Scope and nature of complaints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope and nature of complaints. 3030.2 Section 3030.2 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES FOR COMPLAINTS General § 3030.2 Scope and nature of complaints. Any interested person (including a duly appointed officer of...

  7. 30 CFR 206.150 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 206.150 Section 206.150 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Gas § 206.150 Purpose and scope. (a) This subpart is applicable to all...

  8. 29 CFR 1606.2 - Scope of title VII protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope of title VII protection. 1606.2 Section 1606.2 Labor... BECAUSE OF NATIONAL ORIGIN § 1606.2 Scope of title VII protection. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of..., religion, sex or national origin. The title VII principles of disparate treatment and adverse...

  9. 21 CFR 1230.2 - Scope of the act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope of the act. 1230.2 Section 1230.2 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS... CAUSTIC POISON ACT General Provisions § 1230.2 Scope of the act. The provisions of the act apply to...

  10. 21 CFR 1210.2 - Scope of act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope of act. 1210.2 Section 1210.2 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS UNDER... MILK ACT General Provisions § 1210.2 Scope of act. The provisions of the act apply to all milk...

  11. 45 CFR 302.0 - Scope of this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of this part. 302.0 Section 302.0 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STATE PLAN REQUIREMENTS § 302.0 Scope of this...

  12. 27 CFR 479.81 - Scope of tax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope of tax. 479.81... OTHER FIREARMS Transfer Tax § 479.81 Scope of tax. Except as otherwise provided in this part, each transfer of a firearm in the United States is subject to a tax to be represented by an adhesive stamp...

  13. 32 CFR 235.2 - Applicability and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Applicability and scope. 235.2 Section 235.2 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS SALE OR RENTAL OF SEXUALLY EXPLICIT MATERIAL ON DOD PROPERTY § 235.2 Applicability and scope....

  14. 42 CFR 73.2 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose and scope. 73.2 Section 73.2 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES QUARANTINE, INSPECTION, LICENSING SELECT AGENTS AND TOXINS § 73.2 Purpose and scope. This part implements the provisions of the Public...

  15. 10 CFR 2.1103 - Scope of subpart K.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope of subpart K. 2.1103 Section 2.1103 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE FOR DOMESTIC LICENSING PROCEEDINGS AND ISSUANCE OF ORDERS Hybrid... § 2.1103 Scope of subpart K. The provisions of this subpart, together with subpart C and...

  16. 10 CFR 431.191 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 431.191 Section 431.191 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Distribution Transformers § 431.191 Purpose and scope. This subpart contains energy conservation requirements for distribution...

  17. 43 CFR 4.800 - Scope and construction of rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope and construction of rules. 4.800... of the Department of the Interior-Effectuation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 General § 4.800 Scope and construction of rules. (a) The rules of procedure in this subpart I supplement...

  18. Literacy Teaching Aids from High/Scope Educational Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science Activities: Classroom Projects and Curriculum Ideas, 2005

    2005-01-01

    High/Scope's approach to education is a blend of Jean Piaget's constructivist theory of child development and the best of traditional teacher experience. The High/Scope approach is about helping students gain knowledge and skills in important content areas, such as language and literacy, initiative and social relations, movement, music, and…

  19. 42 CFR 405.2411 - Scope of benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of benefits. 405.2411 Section 405.2411 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM... Center Services § 405.2411 Scope of benefits. (a) Rural health clinic services reimbursable under...

  20. 42 CFR 410.3 - Scope of benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of benefits. 410.3 Section 410.3 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM SUPPLEMENTARY MEDICAL INSURANCE (SMI) BENEFITS General Provisions § 410.3 Scope of benefits. (a)...

  1. 26 CFR 521.103 - Scope of the convention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 19 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope of the convention. 521.103 Section 521... UNDER TAX CONVENTIONS DENMARK General Income Tax Taxation of Nonresident Aliens Who Are Residents of Denmark and of Danish Corporations § 521.103 Scope of the convention. (a) The primary purposes of...

  2. 26 CFR 509.103 - Scope of the convention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 19 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope of the convention. 509.103 Section 509... UNDER TAX CONVENTIONS SWITZERLAND General Income Tax § 509.103 Scope of the convention. (a) Purposes of convention. The primary purposes of the convention, to be accomplished on a reciprocal basis, are to...

  3. 10 CFR 820.70 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 820.70 Section 820.70 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR DOE NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES Criminal Penalties § 820.70 Purpose and scope... Requirements and the referral of such violations to the Department of Justice....

  4. 7 CFR 1773.38 - Scope of engagement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope of engagement. 1773.38 Section 1773.38 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... § 1773.38 Scope of engagement. (a) RUS requires that the audit procedures set forth in §§ 1773.39...

  5. 20 CFR 422.601 - Scope and purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope and purpose. 422.601 Section 422.601 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES Administrative Review Process Under the Coal Industry Retiree Health Benefit Act of 1992 § 422.601 Scope and purpose. The...

  6. 47 CFR 80.1187 - Scope of communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of communication. 80.1187 Section 80.1187... MARITIME SERVICES Voluntary Radio Installations Mobile-Satellite Stations § 80.1187 Scope of communication. Ship earth stations must be used for telecommunications related to the business or operation of...

  7. 12 CFR 363.1 - Scope and definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ANNUAL INDEPENDENT AUDITS AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS § 363.1 Scope and definitions. (a) Applicability... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope and definitions. 363.1 Section 363.1... management report requirement of § 363.2(b) and the internal control reporting requirement of §...

  8. 28 CFR 544.100 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 544.100 Section 544.100 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT EDUCATION Inmate Library Services § 544.100 Purpose and scope. The Bureau of Prisons provides inmates...

  9. 46 CFR 53.01-5 - Scope (modifies HG-100).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope (modifies HG-100). 53.01-5 Section 53.01-5... General Requirements § 53.01-5 Scope (modifies HG-100). (a) The regulations in this part apply to steam... IV of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 53.01-1)....

  10. 41 CFR 105-1.000-50 - Scope of part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope of part. 105-1.000-50 Section 105-1.000-50 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION 1-INTRODUCTION § 105-1.000-50 Scope of...

  11. SENSITIVITY TO SCOPE: EVIDENCE FROM A CVM STUDY OF WETLANDS

    OpenAIRE

    Mullarkey, Daniel J.; Bishop, Richard C.

    1999-01-01

    Wetlands valuation is a situation in which CVM studies might be expected to fail scope tests. This paper reports results from a split-sample CVM study of Wisconsin wetlands. The survey employed a multiple-bounded, polychotomous-choice format, and compared WTP distributions using the method of convolutions. The survey demonstrated sensitivity to scope.

  12. 40 CFR 82.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 82.1 Section 82.1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Production and Consumption Controls § 82.1 Purpose and scope. (a) The purpose of the regulations in this subpart is...

  13. 30 CFR 775.1 - Scope and purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope and purpose. 775.1 Section 775.1 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SURFACE COAL... ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL REVIEW OF DECISIONS § 775.1 Scope and purpose. This part provides requirements...

  14. 32 CFR 775.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Quality Regulations for Implementing the Procedural Provisions of NEPA, 40 CFR 1500-1508, and the... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 775.1 Section 775.1 National... IMPLEMENTING THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT § 775.1 Purpose and scope. (a) To implement the...

  15. Radiological Scoping Survey of the Scotia Depot Scotia, New York

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    E. N. Bailey

    2005-02-05

    At the request of the Defense Logistics Agency, the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education conducted radiological scoping surveys of the Scotia Depot during the period of September 24 through 27, 2007. The scoping survey included visual inspections and limited radiological surveys performed in accordance with area classification that included surface scans, total and removable activity measurements, and soil sampling.

  16. Scope Underspecification with Tree Descriptions: Theory and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koller, Alexander; Thater, Stefan; Pinkal, Manfred

    Scope underspecification is the standard technique used in computational linguistics to deal efficiently with scope ambiguities, a certain type of semantic ambiguity. Its key idea is to not enumerate all semantic readings from a syntactic analysis during or after parsing as in more traditional approaches to semantic construction, but to derive a single, compact underspecified representation (USR) that describes the set of readings instead.

  17. 34 CFR 686.1 - Scope and purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TEACHER EDUCATION ASSISTANCE FOR COLLEGE AND HIGHER EDUCATION (TEACH) GRANT PROGRAM Scope, Purpose, and General Definitions § 686.1 Scope and purpose. The TEACH Grant program awards grants to students who intend to teach, to help meet the cost of their postsecondary education. In...

  18. 7 CFR 215.1 - General purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General purpose and scope. 215.1 Section 215.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL MILK PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN § 215.1 General purpose and scope. This part announces the policies...

  19. Neutral Current $\

    CERN Document Server

    Chauhan, S; Singh, S K

    2011-01-01

    We calculate cross sections for the neutral current induced neutrino/antineutrino reaction from $^{208}Pb$ target and applied it to study Supernova neutrino event rates. The calculations are done in local density approximation taking into account Pauli blocking, Fermi motion effects and renormalization of weak transition strengths in the nuclear medium. The numerical results for the neutrino nucleus total cross sections have been averaged over the various Supernova neutrino/antineutrino fluxes available in literature.

  20. Current titles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    This booklet is published for those interested in current research being conducted at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The NCEM is a DOE-designated national user facility and is available at no charge to qualified researchers. Access is controlled by an external steering committee. Interested researchers may contact Gretchen Hermes at (510) 486-5006 or address below for a User`s Guide. Copies of available papers can be ordered from: Theda Crawford National Center for Electron Microscopy, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, One Cyclotron Rd., MS72, Berkeley, California, USA 94720.

  1. Modelling GPP and chlorophyll fluorescence using SCOPE (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Tol, C.; Verhoef, W.

    2009-12-01

    Chlorophyll fluorescence of Photosystem II (PSII) is a measure for photosynthetic processes and the functional state of the vegetation. Research in the past has focused on the active (light-induced) measurement of fluorescence at leaf and field scale. Current research focuses on the potential of satellite remote sensing of passive (solar-induced) chlorophyll fluorescence of PSII to monitor photosynthetic processes of terrestrial vegetation at large spatial scales. This research includes the relationship between top-of-canopy (TOC) fluorescence and gross primary production (GPP). The recently developed model SCOPE simulates this relationship using three sub-models. The first sub-model (FLUSPECT) is based on PROSPECT and describes leaf fluorescence spectra as a function of their chemical composition. The second sub-model describes the effects of leaf temperature, humidity and irradiance on these spectra and on actual photosynthesis. The third sub-model is a canopy level radiative transfer model, which calculates the scattering and absorption of solar radiation and fluorescence within a canopy, and computes the TOC spectrum of fluorescence in observation direction. A sensitivity analysis of the model shows a strong relationship between solar induced fluorescence and GPP at canopy level. This relationship is consistent with data from field campaigns. Fluorescence and GPP are sensitive to stress conditions including high leaf temperatures and water stress.

  2. Social Support and Social Networks in COPD: A Scoping Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Christopher; Effing, Tanya W; Cafarella, Paul

    2015-01-01

    A scoping review was conducted to determine the size and nature of the evidence describing associations between social support and networks on health, management and clinical outcomes amongst patients with COPD. Searches of PubMed, PsychInfo and CINAHL were undertaken for the period 1966-December 2013. A descriptive synthesis of the main findings was undertaken to demonstrate where there is current evidence for associations between social support, networks and health outcomes, and where further research is needed. The search yielded 318 papers of which 287 were excluded after applying selection criteria. Two areas emerged in which there was consistent evidence of benefit of social support; namely mental health and self-efficacy. There was inconsistent evidence for a relationship between perceived social support and quality of life, physical functioning and self-rated health. Hospital readmission was not associated with level of perceived social support. Only a small number of studies (3 articles) have reported on the social network of individuals with COPD. There remains a need to identify the factors that promote and enable social support. In particular, there is a need to further understand the characteristics of social networks within the broader social structural conditions in which COPD patients live and manage their illness. PMID:26263036

  3. Diabetes Prevention Interventions in Latin American Countries: a Scoping Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heisler, Michele; Kaselitz, Elizabeth; Rana, Gurpreet K; Piette, John D

    2016-09-01

    Public policies, population health initiatives, and targeted behavioral change interventions for individuals at risk for developing diabetes are all essential for diabetes prevention in Latin American countries (LACs). This scoping review examines (1) the current evidence on diabetes prevention policies and interventions in LACs to identify components of effective diabetes prevention models in those countries and (2) effective diabetes prevention interventions targeting Latino populations in the USA to explore possible lessons from these interventions for LACs. Diabetes prevention programs in LACs evaluated to date consist of short-term health professional-led face-to-face behavioral counseling sessions. Intervention components of US-based programs for Latinos that might benefit diabetes prevention programs in Latin America include (1) deployment of community health workers ("promotoras") for diabetes screening and delivery of lifestyle modification programs, (2) multiple modes of program delivery beyond face-to-face sessions, (3) information technology to automate and enhance program delivery, (4) leveraging of pre-existing familial relationships to engage in and sustain lifestyle modifications, and (5) innovative environmental change strategies such as collaborations with local food stores and markets to promote healthy behaviors. PMID:27424069

  4. Upgrade of Daya Bay full scope simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Daya Bay full scope simulator was manufactured by French THOMSON Company in earlier 1990s. It was put into operation in August 1992, one year before the plant's unit-1 was commissioned. During nearly 10 years, the Daya Bay simulator was used to train the control room operators. As many as 220 operators obtained their operator licenses or senior operators licenses. The Daya Bay simulator made a great contribution to the plant's operation. 2) Owing to the limitation of simulation technology and computer capacity in that age, Daya Bay simulator had its deficiencies from the beginning, making maintenance difficult, gradually bringing more and more impact on operator training. - Bad performance: The main computer was the Gould CONCEPT 32/67. Its calculation speed is quite low and memory very limited. Even in the normal operation mode, the average CPU load was up to 80%. The simulation fidelity and scope were not sufficient, which could not meet the deep level of training demand. Many special plant scenarios were not simulated; therefore it was not possible to undertake the verification exercises for the corresponding plant operations. - Poor maintainability: - In hardware aspect, due to that Gould CONCEPT 32/67 is with multi-board architecture. Thousands of tiny connection pins between boards and chasses was the weak link, after many times board plug in-out repair the connection became worse and worse. In addition, the spare parts are difficult to order. Computer crashes happened very often. Each time, the failures each took a few hours, even a few days to fix. - In software aspect, simulation modules suspension, OUT OF TIME error and software breakdown were often occurring. To restart the system took over half an hour each time, which seriously interrupted normal training. - In software maintenance aspect, most modules are manually coded and the development tools are difficult to use. Less than 10% of modifications related to the plant upgrade could be implemented on

  5. A global attentional scope setting prioritizes faces for conscious detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Sol Z; Cant, Jonathan S; Ferber, Susanne

    2016-01-01

    The scope of visual attention is known to affect conscious object perception, with recent studies showing that a global attentional scope boosts holistic face processing, relative to a local scope. Here we show that attentional scope settings can also modulate the availability of information for conscious visual awareness. In an initial experiment, we show that adopting a global attentional scope accelerates conscious detection of initially invisible faces, presented under continuous flash suppression (CFS). Furthermore, face detection time was not modulated by attentional scope in a nonrivalrous control condition, which emulated the experience of CFS without inducing binocular rivalry. In a follow-up experiment, we report an exact replication of the original effect, as well as data suggesting that this effect is specific to upright faces, and is abolished when using both inverted faces and images of houses in an otherwise identical task. Thus, attentional scope settings can modulate the availability of information to conscious awareness, fundamentally altering the contents of our subjective visual experience. PMID:27089064

  6. Using EarthScope Data to Engage Teachers in Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, E.; McGuire, J. J.; Rubio, E.; Newton, M. H.; Hardwig, M. D.; Kraft, R. L.

    2012-12-01

    An overarching goal of the Master of Education in Earth Sciences program at Penn State University is to expose excellent and enthusiastic teachers to primary scientific research in Earth and space science so they can master educational objectives and translate their own discoveries directly back to their classrooms. Since 2010, teachers in the program have collaborated with research scientists at Penn State and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in research efforts focused on EarthScope data. We have investigated the connection between seismic strain transients and earthquake swarms in the western United States using a combination of Plate Boundary Observatory Global Positioning System data and earthquake catalog data. The Next Generation Science Standards emphasize a learning process that is much more closely aligned with the way scientists actually conduct research, but secondary teachers are often not given the opportunity for the professional development necessary to implement this style of teaching. We observe that one of the best ways to achieve this goal is for teachers to do research. The teachers who participated in this project have asserted that their experience not only enhanced their content knowledge but also gave them a true appreciation about "the way science really works." Previous studies confirm our anecdotal observation that teacher participation in fundamental research translates to student success, although few longitudinal studies exist. We are in the process of creating an Open Educational Resources database that features downloadable lesson plans sorted by subject, grade level, and learning standard based on the EarthScope-data-driven current research our project has produced. It is a testament to the skills and depth of content mastery of these teachers that they have engaged in cutting edge research and have also distilled it, and repurposed it so that it can be taught to and shared with their own middle and high school students

  7. A scoping review of Indigenous suicide prevention in circumpolar regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Redvers

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Suicide is a serious public health challenge in circumpolar regions, especially among Indigenous youth. Indigenous communities, government agencies and health care providers are making concerted efforts to reduce the burden of suicide and strengthen protective factors for individuals, families and communities. The persistence of suicide has made it clear that more needs to be done. Objective: Our aim was to undertake a scoping review of the peer-reviewed literature on suicide prevention and interventions in Indigenous communities across the circumpolar north. Our objective was to determine the extent and types of interventions that have been reported during past decade. We want to use this knowledge to support community initiative and inform intervention development and evaluation. Design: We conducted a scoping review of online databases to identify studies published between 2004 and 2014. We included articles that described interventions in differentiated circumpolar Indigenous populations and provided evaluation data. We retained grey literature publications for comparative reference. Results: Our search identified 95 articles that focused on suicide in distinct circumpolar Indigenous populations; 19 articles discussed specific suicide-related interventions and 7 of these described program evaluation methods and results in detail. The majority of publications on specific interventions were found in North American countries. The majority of prevention or intervention documentation was found in supporting grey literature sources. Conclusion: Despite widespread concern about suicide in the circumpolar world and active community efforts to promote resilience and mental well-being, we found few recorded programs or initiatives documented in the peer-reviewed literature, and even fewer focusing specifically on youth intervention. The interventions described in the studies we found had diverse program designs and content, and used varied

  8. Defect Characterization Based on Eddy Current Technique: Technical Review

    OpenAIRE

    Ruzlaini Ghoni; Mahmood Dollah; Aizat Sulaiman; Fadhil Mamat Ibrahim

    2014-01-01

    Eddy current testing is widely used for nondestructive evaluation of metallic structures in characterizing numerous types of defects occurring in various locations. It offers remarkable advantages over other nondestructive techniques because of its ease of implementation. This paper presents a technical review of Eddy current technique in various scope of defect detection. The first part presents Eddy current evaluation on various defects location and orientation such as steam generator tubes...

  9. The Scope of Numeracy after Five Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.L. Vacher

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this editorial is to provide an efficient way for readers and potential authors to see (a what type of papers are published in this journal and (b what subjects are appropriate. The editorial consists mainly of about a dozen pages of tables including live links to the papers’ access/abstract pages to facilitate easy browsing. In the first table, the 85 papers that have been published in the journal’s first five years are classified into: review papers; research papers; case studies; essays; book reviews; columns; and editorials about the journal. In the second table, the papers are inventoried into overlapping sets on: assessment; QL and writing; the construct of QL; focused QL courses and curricula; QL across the curriculum; QL centers; algebra and calculus education; statistics education; intersections with science and engineering; intersections with social sciences; financial numeracy; health numeracy; math anxiety; and cognition. Browsing these links confirms what we said in the first editorial: the scope of Numeracy is huge.

  10. Some scoping experiments for a space reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some scoping experiments were performed to evaluate fuel performance in a lithium heat pipe reactor operating at a nominal 1500K heat pipe temperature. Fuel-coolant and fuel-coolant-clad relationships showed that once a failed heat pipe occurs temperatures can rise high enough so that large concentrations of uranium can be transported by the vapor phase. Upon condensation this uranium would be capable of penetrating heat pipes adjacent to the failed pipe. The potential for propagation of failure exists with UO2 and a lithium heat pipe. Changing the composition of the metal of the heat pipe would have only a second order effect on the kinetics of the failure mechanism. Uranium carbide and nitride were considered as potential fuels which are nonreactive in a lithium environment. At high temperatures the nitride would be favored because of its better compatibility with potential cladding materials. Compositions of UN with small additions of YN appear to offer very attractive properties for a compact high temperature high power density reactor

  11. Cementitious waste option scoping study report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Settlement Agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE) and the State of Idaho mandates that all high-level radioactive waste (HLW) now stored at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) on the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) will be treated so that it is ready to be moved out of Idaho for disposal by a target date of 2035. This study investigates the nonseparations Cementitious Waste Option (CWO) as a means to achieve this goal. Under this option all liquid sodium-bearing waste (SBW) and existing HLW calcine would be recalcined with sucrose, grouted, canisterized, and interim stored as a mixed-HLW for eventual preparation and shipment off-Site for disposal. The CWO waste would be transported to a Greater Confinement Disposal Facility (GCDF) located in the southwestern desert of the US on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). All transport preparation, shipment, and disposal facility activities are beyond the scope of this study. CWO waste processing, packaging, and interim storage would occur over a 5-year period between 2013 and 2017. Waste transport and disposal would occur during the same time period

  12. Magnetotactic bacteria and magnetosomes - Scope and challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, Jobin John; Suthindhiran, K

    2016-11-01

    Geomagnetism aided navigation has been demonstrated by certain organisms which allows them to identify a particular location using magnetic field. This attractive technique to recognize the course was earlier exhibited in numerous animals, for example, birds, insects, reptiles, fishes and mammals. Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) are one of the best examples for magnetoreception among microorganisms as the magnetic mineral functions as an internal magnet and aid the microbe to move towards the water columns in an oxic-anoxic interface (OAI). The ability of MTB to biomineralize the magnetic particles (magnetosomes) into uniform nano-sized, highly crystalline structure with uniform magnetic properties has made the bacteria an important topic of research. The superior properties of magnetosomes over chemically synthesized magnetic nanoparticles made it an attractive candidate for potential applications in microbiology, biophysics, biochemistry, nanotechnology and biomedicine. In this review article, the scope of MTB, magnetosomes and its challenges in research and industrial application have been discussed in brief. This article mainly focuses on the application based on the magnetotactic behaviour of MTB and magnetosomes in different areas of modern science. PMID:27524094

  13. Cementitious waste option scoping study report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, A.E.; Taylor, D.D.

    1998-02-01

    A Settlement Agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE) and the State of Idaho mandates that all high-level radioactive waste (HLW) now stored at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) on the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) will be treated so that it is ready to be moved out of Idaho for disposal by a target date of 2035. This study investigates the nonseparations Cementitious Waste Option (CWO) as a means to achieve this goal. Under this option all liquid sodium-bearing waste (SBW) and existing HLW calcine would be recalcined with sucrose, grouted, canisterized, and interim stored as a mixed-HLW for eventual preparation and shipment off-Site for disposal. The CWO waste would be transported to a Greater Confinement Disposal Facility (GCDF) located in the southwestern desert of the US on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). All transport preparation, shipment, and disposal facility activities are beyond the scope of this study. CWO waste processing, packaging, and interim storage would occur over a 5-year period between 2013 and 2017. Waste transport and disposal would occur during the same time period.

  14. The international scope of IAEA safeguards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a result of safeguards agreements under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and with States not Party to that Treaty, the Agency's safeguards coverage today is very extensive. According to the best information officially available to the Agency, there are only five States in the world besides the nuclear-weapon States that have significant nuclear activities which are not subject to Agency safeguards, namely Egypt, India, Israel, South Africa and Spain. Nevertheless, any State that is not a Party to the NPT or the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (Tlatelolco Treaty) is free, in the absence of treaty obligations, to build or otherwise acquire unsafeguarded nuclear plant. Furthermore, there are significant differences between the NPT safeguards agreements and those with States not Party to the NPT, not only with regard to scope (NPT agreements cover all peaceful nuclear activities in the State, which in practice means all nuclear activities, while non-NPT agreements so far only cover particular plants or supply agreements) but also in technical and legal approach (NPT agreements reflect important advances in safeguards concepts indicated in the Treaty itself). (author)

  15. AuScope VLBI Project and Hobart 26-m Antenna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovell, Jim; Dickey, John; Reid, Brett; McCallum, Jamie; Shabala, Stas; Watson, Christopher; Ellingsen, Simon; Memin, Anthony

    2013-01-01

    This is a report on the activities carried out at the three AuScope VLBI observatories and the Hobart 26-m antenna. In 2012 the three AuScope 12-m antennas at Hobart (Hb), Katherine (Ke), and Yarragadee (Yg) completed their first full year of operations as an array. The Hobart 26-m antenna (Ho) continued to make a contribution to IVS, providing overlap with the Hb time series. In total the AuScope antennas and the Hobart 26 m observed for 146 antenna days in 2012. In this report we also briefly highlight our research activities during 2012 and our plans for 2013.

  16. Neutral currents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A short survey of the new experimental data on weak neutral currents is given, followed by a comparison with modern theoretical models. Cross sections of the anti νsub(e)e → anti νsub(e)e, anti νsub(μ)e→ νsub(μ)e, νp → νp and anti νp → anti νp elastic scattering as well as inclusive cross sections of the ν+N → ν+X and anti ν+N → anti ν+X deep inelastic scattering are presented. On the basis of the comparison the Weinberg-Salam model is concluded to be in a good agreement with the shape of the cross sections. Six-quark vector models appear to be ruled out. The five-quark model due to Achiman, Koller and Walsh and two versions of the Gursey-Sikivie model satisfactorily account for the observed data in shape and in magnitude

  17. Liquid abrasive grit blasting literature search and decontamination scoping tests report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Past decontamination and solvent recovery activities at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) have resulted in the accumulation of 1.5 million gallons of radioactively contaminated sodium-bearing liquid waste. Future decontamination activities at the ICPP could result in the production of 5 million gallons or more of sodium-bearing waste using the current decontamination techniques of chemical/water flushes and steam jet cleaning. With the curtailment of reprocessing at the ICPP, the focus of decontamination is shifting from maintenance for continued operation of the facilities to decommissioning. As decommissioning plans are developed, new decontamination methods must be used which result in higher decontamination factors and generate lower amounts of sodium-bearing secondary waste. The primary initiative of the WINCO Decontamination Development Program is the development of methods to eliminate/minimize the use of sodium-bearing decontamination chemicals. One method that was chosen for cold scoping studies during FY-93 was abrasive grit blasting. Abrasive grit blasting has been used in many industries and a vast amount of research and development has already been conducted. However, new grits, process improvements and ICPP applicability was investigated. This evaluation report is a summary of the research efforts and scoping tests using the liquid abrasive grit blasting decontamination technique. The purpose of these scoping tests was to determine the effectiveness of three different abrasive grits: plastic beads, glass beads and alumina oxide

  18. A core model for simulation of severe accidents on a full scope simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that full scope simulators are typically limited in their transient simulation to design base accidents which do not lead to fuel damage. Accident initiators with extended failure of safety equipment or incorrect implementation of emergency procedures can not be simulated to a point much beyond core uncovery. Operator actions after core uncovery, when extensive portion of the core has been exposed for a prolonged period, can not be currently exercised on most full scope simulators. This limits the scope of training for severe transients as well as limits the depth to which emergency procedures can be exercised. Edward Frederick, the operator of TMI-2 during the accident addressed this deficiency in a paper presented in a IAEA meeting on severe accidents. He claims that an operator must never be placed in a situation which an engineer has not previously analyzed and, on the other hand, an engineer must never analyze a situation without observing an operator's reactions to it. That's where replica simulators comes in....A replica simulator is not just a training tool, it should be a transient analysis tool used to test the limit of the design and the depth of the procedures. Therefore, extension of the use of simulators to beyond design base accidents is desirable for a more complete training and understanding of the overall plant response. In addition, the effectiveness of accident management schemes can also be tested and used for emergency drills

  19. 45 CFR 170.400 - Basis and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY HEALTH INFORMATION... FOR HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Temporary Certification Program for HIT § 170.400 Basis and scope... and procedures related to the temporary certification program for health information...

  20. 30 CFR 881.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.1 Purpose and scope. The... rehabilitation of existing strip and surface mine areas under the authority of subsection (a)(1) of section...

  1. 5 CFR 179.301 - Scope of regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope of regulations. 179.301 Section 179.301 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS... in 4 CFR 102.3....

  2. 28 CFR 551.20 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Birth Control, Pregnancy, Child Placement, and Abortion § 551.20 Purpose and scope. The Bureau of Prisons provides an inmate with medical and social services related to birth control, pregnancy,...

  3. 31 CFR 29.301 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... determination and review of eligibility and payments, and financial management, are beyond the scope of this... illustrative examples of sample computations to show the application of the general principles to...

  4. 40 CFR 255.1 - Scope and purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... types (residential and commercial solid waste, hazardous wastes, industrial sludges and pretreatment... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES IDENTIFICATION OF REGIONS AND AGENCIES FOR SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT General Provisions § 255.1 Scope and purpose. (a)...

  5. 12 CFR 216.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CONSUMER FINANCIAL INFORMATION (REGULATION P) § 216.1 Purpose and scope. (a) Purpose. This part governs the... who obtain financial products or services primarily for personal, family, or household purposes...

  6. 12 CFR 716.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CONSUMER FINANCIAL INFORMATION § 716.1 Purpose and scope. (a) Purpose. This part governs the treatment of... services for personal, family or household purposes. This part does not apply to information...

  7. 12 CFR 332.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL INFORMATION § 332.1 Purpose and scope. (a) Purpose. This part governs the... who obtain financial products or services primarily for personal, family, or household purposes...

  8. Economies of scope in Danish primary care practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Troels; Rose Olsen, Kim

    2011-01-01

    Aim: We analyze total operating costs and activities in Danish General Practice units to assess whether there are unexploited economies of scope in the production of primary care services. Methods: We apply stochastic frontier analysis to derive cost functions and associated cost complementarities...... between GP services and overall economies of scope. Data: Cross-section data for a sample of 331 primary care practices with 1-8 GPs from the year 2006. This is a unique combined dataset consisting of survey and register data. Results: We find a trend towards cost complementarities between the production...... positive economies of scope in the production of GP services. Conclusions: Our preliminary results show that there were overall economies of scope associated with the joint production of a) standard consultations, b) email/phone consultations and c) home visits. Cost complementarities between standard...

  9. 30 CFR 5.10 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... MINING PRODUCTS FEES FOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS § 5.10 Purpose and scope... control and security and document preparation directly supporting application processing; (3)...

  10. 78 FR 36748 - Caribbean Fishery Management Council; Scoping Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-19

    ...@yahoo.com , or the Council office at (787) 766-5926 to obtain copies. Written comments can be sent to... graciela_cfmc@yahoo.com . The scoping meetings will be held on the following dates and locations: In...

  11. 48 CFR 750.7100 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS Extraordinary Contractual Actions To Protect Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7100 Scope of subpart. This subpart sets forth the standards and...

  12. 48 CFR 10.000 - Scope of part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MARKET RESEARCH 10.000 Scope of part. This part prescribes policies and procedures for conducting market research to arrive at the most suitable approach to acquiring, distributing, and supporting supplies...

  13. 49 CFR 178.700 - Purpose, scope and definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... PACKAGINGS IBC Performance-Oriented Standards § 178.700 Purpose, scope and definitions. (a) This subpart... pertain to the IBC standards in this subpart. (1) Body means the receptacle proper (including openings...

  14. 48 CFR 4.500 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MATTERS Electronic Commerce in Contracting 4.500 Scope of subpart. This subpart provides policy and procedures for the establishment and use of electronic commerce in Federal acquisition as required by...

  15. 48 CFR 2917.500 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Interagency Acquisitions Under The Economy Act 2917.500 Scope of... of interagency acquisitions under the Economy Act (31 U.S.C. 1535) as prescribed by FAR 17.5....

  16. Scope of Collections Statement Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Scope of Collections Statement serves to define the holdings, present and future, of museum property that contributes directly to the mission of Ohio River...

  17. 12 CFR 715.1 - Scope of this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of the Supervisory Committee to obtain an annual audit of the credit union according to its charter... COMMITTEE AUDITS AND VERIFICATIONS § 715.1 Scope of this part. This part implements section 202(a)(6)(D)...

  18. 32 CFR 320.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL-INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (NGA) PRIVACY § 320.1 Purpose and scope. (a) This part is published... whether the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) maintains or has disclosed a record...

  19. The current situation and future scope of radiation emergency medical care network in Nagasaki

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Under the framework of the International Consortium for Medical Care of Hibakusha and Radiation Life Science (Nagasaki University 21st Century COE Program) and bearing in mind the unique history and responsibility of Nagasaki University, several projects on radiation emergency preparedness are in progress. The critical accident in Tokaimura, Japan in 1999 made us realize that nuclear emergencies happen anywhere radionuclides exist. In fact, nuclear accidents possibly take place in factories, research facilities, hospital and wherever radioactive materials are in transit. Therefore, it is necessary to establish an effective preparedness network system for potential radiation emergency that may occur in Nagasaki and nearby prefectures and to cooperate with other Japanese and worldwide networks. (author)

  20. Proposed scope of work : Water rights analysis historic vs. current practices

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document contains an agenda for the July 18, 1995 initial meeting on Arapaho NWR. It also contains a document related to one topic on the agenda, an outline...

  1. Role of government in public health: Current scenario in India and future scope

    OpenAIRE

    Subitha Lakshminarayanan

    2011-01-01

    The new agenda for Public Health in India includes the epidemiological transition, demographical transition, environmental changes and social determinants of health. Based on the principles outlined at Alma-Ata in 1978, there is an urgent call for revitalizing primary health care in order to meet these challenges. The role of the government in influencing population health is not limited within the health sector but also by various sectors outside the health systems. This article is a literat...

  2. Scoping accident(s) for emergency planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the request of the Conference of State Radiation Control Program Director's (CRCPD), in November 1976 the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission formed a joint Task Force with representatives of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to answer a number of questions posed by the States regarding emergency planning. This Task Force held monthly meetings through November 1977. In December 1977 a draft report was prepared for limited distribution for review and comment by selected State and local organizations. The NRC/EPA Task Force deliberations centered on the CRCPD request for '... a determination of the most severe accident basis for which radiological emergency response plans should be developed by offsite agencies...' in the vicinity of nuclear power plants. Federal Interagency guidance to the States in this regard has been that the scoping accident should be the most serious conservatively analyzed accident considered for siting purposes, as exemplified in the Commission's Regulations at 10 CFR Part 100 and the NRC staffs Regulatory Guides 1.3 and 1.4, and as presented in license applicant's Safety Analysis Reports and the USNRC Staffs Safety Evaluation Reports. The draft report of the Task Force amplifies on this recommendation: to present a clearer picture of its import and introduces the concept of protective action zones (PAZs) within which detailed emergency plans should be developed; one zone for the plume exposure pathway and a second, larger zone for contamination pathways. The time dependence of potential releases and atmospheric transport, and important radionuclide groups of possible import are also discussed in the draft Task Force report. A status report regarding this effort, as of June 1978, will be presented. (author)

  3. Patient safety culture measurement in general practice. Clinimetric properties of 'SCOPE'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zwart Dorien LM

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A supportive patient safety culture is considered to be an essential condition for improving patient safety. Assessing the current safety culture in general practice may be a first step to target improvements. To that end, we studied internal consistency and construct validity of a safety culture questionnaire for general practice (SCOPE which was derived from a comparable questionnaire for hospitals (Dutch-HSOPS. Methods The survey was conducted among caregivers of Dutch general practice as part of an ongoing quality accreditation process using a 46 item questionnaire. We conducted factor analyses and studied validity by calculating correlations between the subscales and testing the hypothesis that respondents' patient safety grade of their practices correlated with their scores on the questionnaire. Results Of 72 practices 294 respondents completed the questionnaire. Eight factors were identified concerning handover and teamwork, support and fellowship, communication openness, feedback and learning from error, intention to report events, adequate procedures and staffing, overall perceptions of patient safety and expectations and actions of managers. Cronbach's alpha of the factors rated between 0.64 and 0.85. The subscales intercorrelated moderately, except for the factor about intention to report events. Respondents who graded patient safety highly scored significantly higher on the questionnaire than those who did not. Conclusions The SCOPE questionnaire seems an appropriate instrument to assess patient safety culture in general practice. The clinimetric properties of the SCOPE are promising, but future research should confirm the factor structure and construct of the SCOPE and delineate its responsiveness to changes in safety culture over time.

  4. SCOPING SUMMARY FOR THE P-AREA OPERABLE UNIT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kupar, J; Sadika Baladi, S; Mark Amidon, M

    2007-05-22

    This scoping summary supports development of the combined Remedial Investigation (RI)/Baseline Risk Assessment (BRA)/Feasibility Study (FS) for the P-Area Operable Unit (PAOU), or Combined document, which will be submitted on or before 09/28/2007. The objective of this Feasibility Study scoping summary meeting is to agree on the likely response actions to be evaluated and developed as alternatives in the combined document and agree on the uncertainties identified and whether they have been adequately managed.

  5. SCOPING SUMMARY FOR THE P-AREA OPERABLE UNIT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This scoping summary supports development of the combined Remedial Investigation (RI)/Baseline Risk Assessment (BRA)/Feasibility Study (FS) for the P-Area Operable Unit (PAOU), or Combined document, which will be submitted on or before 09/28/2007. The objective of this Feasibility Study scoping summary meeting is to agree on the likely response actions to be evaluated and developed as alternatives in the combined document and agree on the uncertainties identified and whether they have been adequately managed

  6. Comorbidity and dementia: a scoping review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Bunn, F; Burn, A-M; Goodman, C; Rait, G.; Norton, S.; Robinson, L.; J Schoeman; Brayne, C

    2014-01-01

    Background Evidence suggests that amongst people with dementia there is a high prevalence of comorbid medical conditions and related complaints. The presence of dementia may complicate clinical care for other conditions and undermine a patient’s ability to manage a chronic condition. The aim of this study was to scope the extent, range and nature of research activity around dementia and comorbidity. Methods We undertook a scoping review including all types of research relating to the prevalen...

  7. 10 CFR 715.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... production facility,” in section 416(a)(2)(B) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, 42 U.S.C. 7651o(a)(2... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 715.1 Section 715.1 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DEFINITION OF NON-RECOURSE PROJECT-FINANCED § 715.1 Purpose and scope. This part sets...

  8. Scoping review of patient-centered care approaches in healthcare

    OpenAIRE

    Constand, Marissa K; MacDermid, Joy C; Dal Bello-Haas, Vanina; Law, Mary

    2014-01-01

    Background The purpose of this scoping review was to describe how three tenants of patient-centered care provision: communication, partnership, and health promotion are addressed in patient-centered care models/frameworks across the literature. Methods A scoping review of literature published in English since 1990 was conducted using Medline, CINAHL, and EMBASE. A key term search strategy was employed using “patient-centered care”, “client-centered care”, “framework” and “model” to identify r...

  9. De betekenis van marktstructuren voor de scope van de onderneming

    OpenAIRE

    Commandeur, Harry

    2003-01-01

    textabstractDifferent market structures and value systems give insight into the changing environment in which companies operate. In this inaugural address the central question is: What is the influence of market structures on the scope of the firm?The objective is to give meaningful contributions to the clear understanding of market structures that are of specific importance at the meso level. To gain more insights into the scope of the firm a framework is constructed based on the three dimen...

  10. Full scope simulator commissioning and training experience at Cernavoda NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents the experience gained during commissioning and the initial use of the CANDU training full-scope simulator for operation personnel at Cernavoda NPP. The full-scope simulator as an integral part of the training programs that take place in Cernavoda Nuclear Training Department (CNTD), is mainly used for the development of operational skills, knowledge and attitudes required to operate the plant in a safe and efficient manner. (author)

  11. Approaches to Understanding and Addressing Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Scoping Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily Jenkins

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Treatment-resistant depression is associated with significant disability and, due to its high prevalence, results in substantive economic and societal burden at a population level. The objective of this study is to synthesize extant literature on approaches currently being applied to understand and address this condition. It is hoped that the findings can be used to inform practitioners and guide future research. A scoping review of the scientific literature was conducted with findings categorized and charted by underlying research paradigm. Currently, the vast majority of research stems from a biological paradigm (81%. Research on treatment-resistant depression would benefit from a broadened field of study. Given that multiple etiological mechanisms likely contribute to treatment-resistant depression and current efforts at prevention and treatment have substantial room for improvement, an expanded research agenda could more effectively address this significant public health issue.

  12. Community participation in rural health: a scoping review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenny Amanda

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Major health inequities between urban and rural populations have resulted in rural health as a reform priority across a number of countries. However, while there is some commonality between rural areas, there is increasing recognition that a one size fits all approach to rural health is ineffective as it fails to align healthcare with local population need. Community participation is proposed as a strategy to engage communities in developing locally responsive healthcare. Current policy in several countries reflects a desire for meaningful, high level community participation, similar to Arnstein’s definition of citizen power. There is a significant gap in understanding how higher level community participation is best enacted in the rural context. The aim of our study was to identify examples, in the international literature, of higher level community participation in rural healthcare. Methods A scoping review was designed to map the existing evidence base on higher level community participation in rural healthcare planning, design, management and evaluation. Key search terms were developed and mapped. Selected databases and internet search engines were used that identified 99 relevant studies. Results We identified six articles that most closely demonstrated higher level community participation; Arnstein’s notion of citizen power. While the identified studies reflected key elements for effective higher level participation, little detail was provided about how groups were established and how the community was represented. The need for strong partnerships was reiterated, with some studies identifying the impact of relational interactions and social ties. In all studies, outcomes from community participation were not rigorously measured. Conclusions In an environment characterised by increasing interest in community participation in healthcare, greater understanding of the purpose, process and outcomes is a priority for

  13. USArray Siting Outreach: Telling the EarthScope Story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorr, P. M.; Taber, J. J.; McQuillan, P.; Busby, R. W.; Woodward, R.

    2013-12-01

    USArray has engaged in a variety of activities that involve students in and inform the general public about EarthScope. Examples include the highly successful Transportable Array Student Siting Program that employed students and faculty from colleges and universities in the identification of sites for future Transportable Array stations in their region, and a range of informal education and media opportunities where information about EarthScope and its discoveries are shared with educators and the public. During the course of eight summers, more than 135 students from about 55 institutions conducted site reconnaissance for nearly 1375 sites from the West Coast to the East Coast, and from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes and southern Canada. While telling the EarthScope story, students who participated in the program increased their professional skills and deepened their personal growth. Other students had opportunities to engage in EarthScope-related research as part of the Research Experiences for Undergraduates program. Several EarthScope-focused outreach products for the public and educational audiences have been developed including Ground Motion Visualizations, EarthScope-centric and regional content sets for the IRIS Active Earth Monitor (AEM), and animations of earth processes. A kiosk loan program has helped to broadly disseminate the AEM displays. There have also been articles published in university, local and regional newspapers; stories appearing in national and international print and broadcast media; and documentaries produced by some of the world's most respected scientific and educational production companies that have included a segment about EarthScope and the Transportable Array. Over the next five years, USArray will be deploying and operating Transportable Array stations in Alaska and western Canada. This challenging environment will offer new opportunities to connect with communities throughout the region including native populations.

  14. Automated scoping methodology for liquid metal natural circulation small reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Automated scoping methodology for natural circulation small modular reactor is developed. • In-house code is developed to carry out system analysis and core geometry generation during scoping. • Adjustment relations are obtained to correct the critical core geometry out of diffusion theory. • Optimized design specification is found using objective function value. • Convex hull volume is utilized to quantify the impact of different constraints on the scope range. - Abstract: A novel scoping method is proposed that can automatically generate design variable range of the natural circulation driven liquid metal cooled small reactor. From performance requirements based upon Generation IV system roadmap, appropriate structure materials are selected and engineering constraints are compiled based upon literature. Utilizing ASME codes and standards, appropriate geometric sizing criteria on constituting components are developed to ensure integrity of the system during its lifetime. In-house one dimensional thermo-hydraulic system analysis code is developed based upon momentum integral model and finite element methods to deal with non-uniform descritization of temperature nodes for convection and thermal diffusion equation of liquid metal coolant. In order to quickly generate critical core dimensions out of given unit cell information, an adjustment relation that relates the critical geometry estimated from one-group diffusion and that from MCNP code is constructed and utilized throughout the process. For the selected unit cell dimension ranges, burnup calculations are carried out to check the cores can generate energy over the reactor lifetime. Utilizing random method, sizing criteria, and in-house analysis codes, an automated scoping methodology is developed. The methodology is applied to nitride fueled integral type lead cooled natural circulation reactor concept to generate design scopes which satisfies given constraints. Three dimensional convex

  15. Fiscal Policy and the Exchange Rate-Current Account Nexus

    OpenAIRE

    Jun Il Kim

    2007-01-01

    By using a simple intertemporal model of the current account, I show that the exchange rate elasticity of the trade balance would ceteris paribus be smaller for countries with higher government spending ratios (relative to GDP) and with more limited scope for private consumption smoothing. This finding may have important implications for the design of adjustment programs and for resolving current global imbalances. It could also help explain and reconcile mixed empirical findings on trade ela...

  16. Visualizing Data from EarthScope's USArray

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, R.; Frassetto, A.; Adinolfi, A.

    2012-12-01

    The EarthScope USArray program has generated a large volume of data from across the North American continent. The Transportable Array (TA) component of USArray has deployed over 400 seismic stations in a grid with 70 km spacing between stations. The TA has rolled the array across the contiguous US states over a ten-year period, and will have occupied over 1600 distinct sites from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean by the end of 2013. All stations transmit multiple channels of 40 samples per second data continuously, in near real time. Each station records and transmits seismic, barometric pressure, and infrasound data, as well as various state-of-health data streams. All data are immediately open and unrestricted. The TA provides a unique tool for visualizing large-scale seismic wave phenomena. The power of this tool is particularly apparent when displaying simultaneous signals from all stations as a function of time, as well as rendering multiple channels of data from each station. In this situation it is challenging to convey the 3D motion at each station as well as the aggregate 3D motion across the entire set of 400 stations. Creating movies of the data becomes essential to illustrate the time dependence of the observations. Typically the rendering of such movies requires the use of programming language that is suitable for both data analysis and graphics, as it is essential to explore different data pre-processing strategies (often filtering, but also including other pre-processing steps). Different visualization strategies provide a means for dealing with the very large volume of data generated by the TA. Typical data review strategies include a survey mode to scan large volumes of data for signals of interest, or zooming in on fine features using combinations of specialized data processing and frame-by-frame time-steps, or going back and forth between the two modes. The data visualizations are continuously evolving to explore new ideas. The movie

  17. MODERN MARKETING MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES AND SCOPE

    OpenAIRE

    Harishchandra S B

    2014-01-01

    Modern marketing has all opportunities and challenges for new and existed marketer for exciting opening in various current and latest entry of innovative and comprehensive compass the new products and services. Marketing is a process that affects our lives. We are consumers, but many of us are part of marketing like salespersons, wholesalers, rivals, Raw material suppliers and so force. As we know, the concept of marketing is constantly redefined. Marketing defines activit...

  18. Transmit-receive eddy current probes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the last two decades, due to increased inspection demands, eddy current instrumentation has advanced from single-frequency, single-output instruments to multifrequency, computer-aided systems. This has significantly increased the scope of eddy current testing, but, unfortunately, it has also increased the cost and complexity of inspections. In addition, this approach has not always improved defect detectability or signal-to-noise. Most eddy current testing applications are still performed with impedance probes, which have well known limitations. However, recent research at AECL has led to improved eddy current inspections through the design and development of transmit-receive (T/R) probes. T/R eddy current probes, with laterally displaced transmit and receive coils, present a number of advantages over impedance probes. They have improved signal-to-noise ratio in the presence of variable lift-off compared to impedance probes. They have strong directional properties, permitting probe optimization for circumferential or axial crack detection, and possess good phase discrimination to surface defects. They can significantly increase the scope of eddy current testing permitting reliable detection and sizing of cracks in heat exchanger tubing as well as in welded areas of both ferritic and non-ferromagnetic components. This presentation will describe the operating principles of T/R probes with the help of computer-derived normalized voltage diagrams. We will discuss their directional properties and analyze the advantages of using single and multiple T/R probes over impedance probes for specific inspection cases. Current applications to surface and tube testing and some typical inspection results will be described. (author)

  19. Evaluation of full-scope simulator testing methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report discusses the use of full scope nuclear power plant simulators in licensing examinations for Unit First Operators of CANDU reactors. The existing literature is reviewed, and an annotated bibliography of the more important sources provided. Since existing methods are judged inadequate, conceptual bases for designing a system for licensing are discussed, and a method proposed which would make use of objective scoring methods based on data collection in full-scope simulators. A field trial of such a method is described. The practicality of such a method is critically discussed and possible advantages of subjective methods of evaluation considered. (author). 32 refs., 1 tab., 4 figs

  20. The scope and direction of health informatics

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGinnis, Patrick J.

    2002-01-01

    Health Informatics (HI) is a dynamic discipline based on the medical sciences, information sciences, and cognitive sciences. Its domain can broadly be defined as medical information management. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of this domain, discuss the current "state of the art," and indicate the likely growth areas for health informatics. The sources of information used in this paper are selected publications from the literature of Health Informatics, HI 5300: Introduction to Health Informatics, which is a course from the Department of Health Informatics at the University of Texas Houston Health Sciences Center, and the author's personal experience in practicing telemedicine and implementing an electronic medical record at the NASA-Johnson Space Center. The conclusion is that the direction of Health Informatics is in the direction of data management, transfer, and representation via electronic medical records and the Internet.

  1. Adoption of e-health technology by physicians: a scoping review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Grood C

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Chloe de Grood,1 Aida Raissi,2 Yoojin Kwon,3 Maria Jose Santana1 1Department of Community Health Sciences, W21C Research and Innovation Centre, University of Calgary, Calgary, 2University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, 3Toronto Public Library, Toronto, ON, Canada Objective: The goal of this scoping review was to summarize the current literature identifying barriers and opportunities that facilitate adoption of e-health technology by physicians.Design: Scoping review.Setting: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO databases as provided by Ovid were searched from their inception to July 2015. Studies captured by the search strategy were screened by two reviewers and included if the focus was on barriers and facilitators of e-health technology adoption by physicians.Results: Full-text screening yielded 74 studies to be included in the scoping review. Within those studies, eleven themes were identified, including cost and liability issues, unwillingness to use e-health technology, and training and support.Conclusion: Cost and liability issues, unwillingness to use e-health technology, and training and support were the most frequently mentioned barriers and facilitators to the adoption of e-health technology. Government-level payment incentives and privacy laws to protect health information may be the key to overcome cost and liability issues. The adoption of e-health technology may be facilitated by tailoring to the individual physician’s knowledge of the e-health technology and the use of follow-up sessions for physicians and on-site experts to support their use of the e-health technology. To ensure the effective uptake of e-health technologies, physician perspectives need to be considered in creating an environment that enables the adoption of e-health strategies. Keywords: medical informatics, electronic medical records, diffusion of innovation, attitude of health personnel, information seeking behavior

  2. Groundwater flow modelling under ice sheet conditions. Scoping calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaquet, O.; Namar, R. (In2Earth Modelling Ltd (Switzerland)); Jansson, P. (Dept. of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm Univ., Stockholm (Sweden))

    2010-10-15

    The potential impact of long-term climate changes has to be evaluated with respect to repository performance and safety. In particular, glacial periods of advancing and retreating ice sheet and prolonged permafrost conditions are likely to occur over the repository site. The growth and decay of ice sheets and the associated distribution of permafrost will affect the groundwater flow field and its composition. As large changes may take place, the understanding of groundwater flow patterns in connection to glaciations is an important issue for the geological disposal at long term. During a glacial period, the performance of the repository could be weakened by some of the following conditions and associated processes: - Maximum pressure at repository depth (canister failure). - Maximum permafrost depth (canister failure, buffer function). - Concentration of groundwater oxygen (canister corrosion). - Groundwater salinity (buffer stability). - Glacially induced earthquakes (canister failure). Therefore, the GAP project aims at understanding key hydrogeological issues as well as answering specific questions: - Regional groundwater flow system under ice sheet conditions. - Flow and infiltration conditions at the ice sheet bed. - Penetration depth of glacial meltwater into the bedrock. - Water chemical composition at repository depth in presence of glacial effects. - Role of the taliks, located in front of the ice sheet, likely to act as potential discharge zones of deep groundwater flow. - Influence of permafrost distribution on the groundwater flow system in relation to build-up and thawing periods. - Consequences of glacially induced earthquakes on the groundwater flow system. Some answers will be provided by the field data and investigations; the integration of the information and the dynamic characterisation of the key processes will be obtained using numerical modelling. Since most of the data are not yet available, some scoping calculations are performed using the

  3. Groundwater flow modelling under ice sheet conditions. Scoping calculations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The potential impact of long-term climate changes has to be evaluated with respect to repository performance and safety. In particular, glacial periods of advancing and retreating ice sheet and prolonged permafrost conditions are likely to occur over the repository site. The growth and decay of ice sheets and the associated distribution of permafrost will affect the groundwater flow field and its composition. As large changes may take place, the understanding of groundwater flow patterns in connection to glaciations is an important issue for the geological disposal at long term. During a glacial period, the performance of the repository could be weakened by some of the following conditions and associated processes: - Maximum pressure at repository depth (canister failure). - Maximum permafrost depth (canister failure, buffer function). - Concentration of groundwater oxygen (canister corrosion). - Groundwater salinity (buffer stability). - Glacially induced earthquakes (canister failure). Therefore, the GAP project aims at understanding key hydrogeological issues as well as answering specific questions: - Regional groundwater flow system under ice sheet conditions. - Flow and infiltration conditions at the ice sheet bed. - Penetration depth of glacial meltwater into the bedrock. - Water chemical composition at repository depth in presence of glacial effects. - Role of the taliks, located in front of the ice sheet, likely to act as potential discharge zones of deep groundwater flow. - Influence of permafrost distribution on the groundwater flow system in relation to build-up and thawing periods. - Consequences of glacially induced earthquakes on the groundwater flow system. Some answers will be provided by the field data and investigations; the integration of the information and the dynamic characterisation of the key processes will be obtained using numerical modelling. Since most of the data are not yet available, some scoping calculations are performed using the

  4. 24 CFR 266.125 - Scope and nature of sanctions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... mortgagee approval be withdrawn pursuant to 24 CFR part 25 and/or that penalties be imposed pursuant to 24 CFR part 30; (7) Require additional financial or other reports as may be necessary to monitor the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope and nature of sanctions....

  5. 42 CFR 441.450 - Basis, scope, and definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... assistance services (PAS) option through a State Plan. (b) Scope. A self-directed PAS option is designed to... identifying, accessing, managing and purchasing their PAS. This authority includes, at a minimum, all of the following: (1) The purchase of PAS and supports for PAS. (2) Recruiting workers. (3) Hiring and...

  6. 28 CFR 523.10 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 523.10 Section 523.10 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ADMISSION, CLASSIFICATION, AND... of outstanding importance or for employment in an industry or camp. An inmate may earn only one...

  7. 42 CFR 457.1000 - Basis, scope, and applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... community-based health delivery system. This subpart does not apply to demonstrations requested under... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basis, scope, and applicability. 457.1000 Section 457.1000 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...

  8. Economies of scale and scope in mental health care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilschut, J.A.; Van Hulst, B.L.; Blank, J.L.T.

    2012-01-01

    Economies of scale and scope are usually derived under the assumption that the set of production possibilities are shared by all firms in an industry irrespective of whether they specialize in a single output or not. Mental health care institutions in the Netherlands vary substantially in the scale

  9. 50 CFR 622.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose and scope. 622.1 Section 622.1 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION... the purposes of data collection and monitoring. This part also governs importation of Caribbean...

  10. 20 CFR 655.0 - Scope and purpose of part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... worker is available to fill the job opportunity, and unless the employment of the foreign worker in the... EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGN WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES § 655.0 Scope and purpose of part. (a) Subparts A, B, and... nonimmigrant foreign workers, and (ii) whether the employment of aliens for such temporary work will...

  11. Places for active outdoor recreation – a scoping review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andkjær, Søren; Arvidsen, Jan

    2015-01-01

    The focus of the paper is on places and facilities for physical activity in nature and reports on a scoping literature review. The study aims to bring together research from several research areas, and the perspective is both of conceptual and systematic character. The purpose is to provide an ov...

  12. 45 CFR 1340.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT PROGRAM CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT PREVENTION AND TREATMENT General Provisions § 1340.1 Purpose and scope. (a) This part implements the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act... expand child abuse and neglect prevention and treatment activities. (b) The National Center on...

  13. 21 CFR 209.1 - Scope and purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... dispensing or administering prescription drug products to inpatients in a hospital or health care facility... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope and purpose. 209.1 Section 209.1 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS:...

  14. Chemical Abstracts Service Chemical Registry System: History, Scope, and Impacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisgerber, David W.

    1997-01-01

    Describes the history, scope, and applications of the Chemical Abstracts Service Chemical Registry System, a computerized database that uniquely identifies chemical substances on the basis of their molecular structures. Explains searching the system is and discusses its use as an international resource. (66 references) (Author/LRW)

  15. 5 CFR 880.101 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....101 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS... and scope. (a) The purpose of this part is to establish a uniform standard that OPM will use in its...) or section 8401(2) of title 5, United States Code, disappears and has not been determined to be...

  16. 42 CFR 416.61 - Scope of facility services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM AMBULATORY SURGICAL SERVICES Scope of Benefits for Services Furnished Before... are not limited to— (1) Nursing, technician, and related services; (2) Use of the facilities where the surgical procedures are performed; (3) Drugs, biologicals, surgical dressings, supplies, splints,...

  17. 42 CFR 416.164 - Scope of ASC services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... surgical procedure under § 416.166 include, but are not limited to— (1) Nursing, technician, and related services; (2) Use of the facility where the surgical procedures are performed; (3) Any laboratory testing... (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM AMBULATORY SURGICAL SERVICES Coverage, Scope of ASC Services, and...

  18. 28 CFR 540.70 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 540.70 Section 540.70 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CONTACT WITH... activity. The term publication, as used in this subpart, means a book, booklet, pamphlet, or...

  19. 5 CFR 180.101 - Scope and purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope and purpose. 180.101 Section 180.101 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EMPLOYEES...' Claims Act of 1964, 31 U.S.C. 240 to 243, authorizes the Director, Office of Personnel Management...

  20. 40 CFR 109.3 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA FOR STATE, LOCAL AND REGIONAL OIL REMOVAL CONTINGENCY PLANS § 109.3 Purpose and scope. The guidelines in this part... Pollution Contingency Plan. State, local and regional oil removal contingency plans shall provide for...

  1. The scope for policy reforms in rural microfinance

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma, Manohar

    2000-01-01

    This brief considers the scope for policy action in seven areas: (1) regulation of microfinance institutions, (2) provision of saving services, (3) product innovation, (4) organizational issues in microfinance, (5) poverty impact of microfinance, (6) agricultural finance, and (7) subsidy and sustainability issues.

  2. 12 CFR 4.11 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... banking industry and the public. (b) Scope. (1) This subpart describes the information that the FOIA... procedures that the OCC follows, in accordance with Executive Order 12600 (3 CFR, 1987 Comp., p. 235), when... requesting records from the OCC pursuant to the Privacy Act should refer to 31 CFR part 1, subpart C,...

  3. 45 CFR 307.0 - Scope of this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of this part. 307.0 Section 307.0 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT (CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM), ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES COMPUTERIZED SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS §...

  4. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 154 - Investigative Scope

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PERSONNEL SECURITY PROGRAM REGULATION Pt. 154, App. A Appendix A to Part 154—Investigative Scope This... background, suitability, and loyalty shall be interviewed personally. Efforts shall be made to interview... knowledge concerning the individual's character, discretion, and loyalty. Listed character references...

  5. 16 CFR 1750.3 - Scope and application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION REFRIGERATOR SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR DEVICES TO PERMIT THE OPENING OF HOUSEHOLD REFRIGERATOR DOORS FROM THE INSIDE § 1750.3 Scope and application. This standard shall apply to devices furnished with household refrigerators manufactured...

  6. 50 CFR 230.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WHALING WHALING PROVISIONS § 230.1 Purpose and scope. The purpose of the regulations in this part is to implement the Whaling Convention Act (16 U.S.C. 916 et seq.) by prohibiting whaling except for aboriginal subsistence whaling allowed by the International Whaling...

  7. 21 CFR 500.80 - Scope of this subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Animals § 500.80 Scope of this subpart. (a) The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires that... concludes on the basis of the threshold assessment that a sponsor shall conduct carcinogenicity testing on... carcinogenicity testing on metabolites of the sponsored compound. The bioassays that a sponsor conducts must...

  8. Circuit: the μSCOPE: A poor man's oscilloscope

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dekker, R.

    2008-01-01

    The oscilloscope is still one of the most important measurement tools of the electronic engineer. With the advent of the often very reasonably priced USB scopes, such an instrument is now within reach of everybody. Twentyfive years ago that was quite a different story. A (good) oscilloscope was then

  9. 28 CFR 550.30 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 550.30 Section 550.30 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT DRUG PROGRAMS..., such as those involved in community activities, those with a history of drug use, and those...

  10. 28 CFR 105.10 - Definitions, purpose, and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions, purpose, and scope. 105.10 Section 105.10 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND... subject to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulation. Accordingly, these entities, when...

  11. 10 CFR 430.31 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... such models that are manufactured after such date and have the same energy efficiency, energy use... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 430.31 Section 430.31 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS Energy and...

  12. 16 CFR 1305.1 - Scope and application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS BAN OF... 9 of the Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) (15 U.S.C. 2057 and 2058). This ban applies to... ashes also come within the scope of this ban....

  13. 16 CFR 1303.1 - Scope and application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS BAN OF LEAD...-containing paint”. (2) Furniture articles for consumer use that bear “lead-containing paint”. (b) This ban... coatings for motor vehicles and boats are not included within the scope of the ban because they are...

  14. 16 CFR 1302.1 - Scope and application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS BAN OF... Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) (15 U.S.C. 2057 and 2058). This ban applies to those extremely flammable... hardware stores, for sale to consumers would be included in the scope of the ban even though such...

  15. 48 CFR 2009.570-1 - Scope of policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS Organizational Conflicts of Interest 2009.570-1 Scope of policy. (a) It is the policy of NRC to avoid, eliminate, or neutralize contractor organizational conflicts of...) Contractor conflict of interest determinations cannot be made automatically or routinely. The application...

  16. 41 CFR 109-1.5300 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... identification, accounting, control, and disposal policy guidance for the following categories of high risk... Regulations System (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS GENERAL 1-INTRODUCTION 1... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope of subpart....

  17. 28 CFR 540.60 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 540.60 Section 540.60 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CONTACT WITH... rule to provide publicity for an inmate or special privileges for the news media, but rather to...

  18. A new scope for the Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science

    OpenAIRE

    Jongen, W.M.F.; Struik, P. C.; Wienk, J.F.

    2002-01-01

    This paper first looks at the changes in agricultural research structures, research questions and research culture in the Netherlands. In the context of these changes, the future scope, readership and editorial policy of the Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science are discussed.

  19. 7 CFR 3431.8 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VETERINARY MEDICINE LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM Administration of the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program § 3431.8 Purpose and scope. (a) Purpose. The regulations of this subpart apply to the award of veterinary medicine loan repayments under the Veterinary Medicine...

  20. 7 CFR 3.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... debt collection procedures are provided under 7 CFR 273.18. ... of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT General § 3.1 Purpose and scope. (a) In general. (1... the extent specified in 7 CFR part 1403. (2) USDA agencies may issue regulations to supplement...

  1. 31 CFR 206.1 - Scope and application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope and application. 206.1 Section 206.1 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL AGENCY RECEIPTS,...

  2. 31 CFR 208.1 - Scope and application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope and application. 208.1 Section 208.1 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL AGENCY DISBURSEMENTS §...

  3. 50 CFR 635.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose and scope. 635.1 Section 635.1 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION... shark regulations govern conservation and management of sharks in the management unit, under...

  4. 16 CFR 260.2 - Scope of guides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... through any other means, including marketing through digital or electronic means, such as the Internet or... ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS § 260.2 Scope of guides. (a) These guides apply to environmental claims included in labeling, advertising, promotional materials and all other forms of marketing, whether...

  5. Building "Applied Linguistic Historiography": Rationale, Scope, and Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Richard

    2016-01-01

    In this article I argue for the establishment of "Applied Linguistic Historiography" (ALH), that is, a new domain of enquiry within applied linguistics involving a rigorous, scholarly, and self-reflexive approach to historical research. Considering issues of rationale, scope, and methods in turn, I provide reasons why ALH is needed and…

  6. 50 CFR 648.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Salmon FMP); the Atlantic sea scallop fishery (Scallop FMP); the Atlantic surf clam and ocean quahog... Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION... scope. (a) This part implements the fishery management plans (FMPs) for the Atlantic mackerel,...

  7. 11 CFR 9420.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 9420.1 Section 9420.1 Federal Elections ELECTION ASSISTANCE COMMISSION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP IN PROGRAMS OR... on the basis of handicap in programs or activities conducted by the Commission....

  8. 42 CFR 414.300 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope of subpart. 414.300 Section 414.300 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM PAYMENT FOR PART B MEDICAL AND OTHER HEALTH SERVICES Determination of Reasonable...

  9. 42 CFR 414.404 - Scope and applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope and applicability. 414.404 Section 414.404 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM PAYMENT FOR PART B MEDICAL AND OTHER HEALTH SERVICES Competitive Bidding...

  10. 42 CFR 414.1 - Basis and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Basis and scope. 414.1 Section 414.1 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM PAYMENT FOR PART B MEDICAL AND OTHER HEALTH SERVICES General Provisions § 414.1 Basis and...

  11. 28 CFR 549.50 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Plastic Surgery § 549.50 Purpose and scope. The Bureau of Prisons does not ordinarily perform plastic surgery on inmates to correct preexisting disfigurements (including tattoos) on any part of the body. In circumstances where plastic surgery is a component of a presently medically necessary standard of treatment...

  12. 10 CFR 820.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and facilities covered under E.O. 12344, 42 U.S.C. 7158 note, pertaining to Naval nuclear propulsion... exemptions related to this part. The Deputy Administrator for Naval Reactors or his designee will be... OF ENERGY PROCEDURAL RULES FOR DOE NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES General § 820.1 Purpose and scope. (a)...

  13. 41 CFR 60-50.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 50-GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF RELIGION OR NATIONAL ORIGIN § 60-50.1 Purpose and scope...) Members of various religious and ethnic groups, primarily but not exclusively of Eastern, Middle, and... excluded from executive, middle-management, and other job levels because of discrimination based upon...

  14. 47 CFR 1.3000 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CFR part 2635. Travel, subsistence and related expenses for non-government-sponsored meetings or... 31 U.S.C. 1353, and its General Services Administration's implementing regulations, 41 CFR 304-1.8... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose and scope. 1.3000 Section...

  15. 75 FR 16456 - Inglis Hydropower, LLC; Notice Soliciting Scoping Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Inglis Hydropower, LLC; Notice Soliciting Scoping Comments March 26, 2010.... c. Date filed: July 22, 2009. d. Applicant: Inglis Hydropower, LLC. e. Name of Project: Inglis Hydropower Project. f. Location: The proposed project would be located at the existing Inglis Bypass...

  16. 28 CFR 552.40 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT CUSTODY Suicide Prevention Program § 552.40 Purpose and scope. The Bureau of Prisons (Bureau) operates a suicide prevention... inmate as being at risk for suicide, staff will place the inmate on suicide watch. Based upon...

  17. 25 CFR 225.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Purpose and scope. 225.1 Section 225.1 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS OIL AND GAS, GEOTHERMAL, AND SOLID... Development Act of 1982, 25 U.S.C. 2101-2108 (IMDA). These regulations are applicable to the lands...

  18. 30 CFR 202.350 - Scope and definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ROYALTIES Geothermal Resources § 202.350 Scope and definitions. (a) This subpart is applicable to all geothermal resources produced from Federal geothermal leases issued pursuant to the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970, as amended (30 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.). (b) The definitions in 30 CFR 206.351 are applicable to...

  19. 27 CFR 555.1 - Scope of regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE EXPLOSIVES COMMERCE IN EXPLOSIVES Introduction § 555.1 Scope of regulations... Pub. L. 107-296 (116 Stat. 2135). (b) Procedural and substantive requirements. This part contains the procedural and substantive requirements relative to: (1) The interstate or foreign commerce in...

  20. Planning of tests and procedures and determination of sampling scope

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper relies on available information showing the contents of natural uranium and thorium in the human organism and explains for the example of Th-232 in human faeces the scope of sampling activities required in order to derive reliable information with the intended accuracy. (orig./CB)

  1. De betekenis van marktstructuren voor de scope van de onderneming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.R. Commandeur (Harry)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractDifferent market structures and value systems give insight into the changing environment in which companies operate. In this inaugural address the central question is: What is the influence of market structures on the scope of the firm?The objective is to give meaningful contributions to

  2. Economies of Scale and Scope in Australian Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worthington, A. C.; Higgs, H.

    2011-01-01

    This paper estimates economies of scale and scope for 36 Australian universities using a multiple-input, multiple-output cost function over the period 1998-2006. The three inputs included in the analysis are full-time equivalent academic and non-academic staff and physical capital. The five outputs are undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD…

  3. 48 CFR 853.300 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... FORMS Illustration of Forms 853.300 Scope of subpart. VA Forms will not be illustrated in this VAAR. Persons wishing to obtain copies of VA forms prescribed in the VAAR may do so in accordance with 853.107. VA forms may also be available on the Web at http://www.va.gov/vaforms/....

  4. 36 CFR 1290.1 - Scope of assassination record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... JFK ASSASSINATION RECORDS GUIDANCE FOR INTERPRETATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY ASSASSINATION RECORDS COLLECTION ACT OF 1992 (JFK ACT) § 1290.1 Scope of assassination record. (a... limitation: (1) All records as defined in Section 3(2) of the JFK Act; (2) All records collected by...

  5. 5 CFR 1201.72 - Explanation and scope of discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Explanation and scope of discovery. 1201.72 Section 1201.72 Administrative Personnel MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD ORGANIZATION AND... of discovery. (a) Explanation. Discovery is the process, apart from the hearing, by which a party...

  6. 48 CFR 32.400 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS CONTRACT FINANCING Advance Payments for Non-Commercial Items 32.400 Scope of subpart. This subpart... include policies and procedures for advance payments for the types of transactions listed in 32.404. This subpart does not apply to commercial advance payments, which are subject to subpart 32.2....

  7. 20 CFR 410.401 - Scope of subpart D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Total Disability or Death Due to Pneumoconiosis § 410.401 Scope of subpart... totally disabled due to pneumoconiosis, whether he was totally disabled due to pneumoconiosis at the time of his death, or whether his death was due to pneumoconiosis. (b) Pneumoconiosis...

  8. 28 CFR 543.10 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 543.10 Section 543.10 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INSTITUTIONAL MANAGEMENT LEGAL MATTERS... shall establish an inmate law library, and procedures for access to legal reference materials and...

  9. 13 CFR 303.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 303.1 Section 303.1 Business Credit and Assistance ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE...-term Planning Investments and State plans designed to create and retain higher-skill, higher-wage...

  10. 34 CFR 682.700 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... basis of handicap), which is governed by 34 CFR part 104; or (iv) Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (relating to sex discrimination), which is governed by 34 CFR part 106. (c) This subpart does... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 682.700 Section 682.700...

  11. 41 CFR 101-1.4900 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Scope of subpart. 101-1.4900 Section 101-1.4900 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS GENERAL 1-INTRODUCTION 1.49-Illustrations of...

  12. 41 CFR 101-1.100 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Scope of subpart. 101-1.100 Section 101-1.100 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS GENERAL 1-INTRODUCTION 1.1-Regulation System §...

  13. 5 CFR 831.601 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 831.601 Section 831.601 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT Survivor Annuities Organization and Structure of Regulations on Survivor...

  14. 5 CFR 838.101 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 838.101 Section 838.101 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) COURT ORDERS AFFECTING RETIREMENT BENEFITS Court Orders Generally Organization and Structure...

  15. 40 CFR 725.300 - Scope and purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope and purpose. 725.300 Section 725.300 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Exemptions for Test Marketing § 725.300...

  16. 40 CFR 725.1 - Scope and purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope and purpose. 725.1 Section 725.1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT REPORTING... and 725.428), test marketing activities (see § 725.300), and research and development...

  17. 40 CFR 160.1 - Scope and applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope and applicability. 160.1 Section 160.1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS GOOD... for research or marketing permits for pesticide products regulated by the EPA. This part is...

  18. 22 CFR 504.1 - Scope and purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... official business; (2) Minimize the involvement of BBG employees in issues unrelated to BBG's mission; (3... DISCLOSURE OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS General Provisions § 504.1 Scope and purpose. (a..., that a party may rely upon in any legal proceeding against the United States....

  19. Air Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration: Scope and Sequence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nashville - Davidson County Metropolitan Public Schools, TN.

    This scope and sequence guide, developed for an air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration vocational education program, represents an initial step in the development of a systemwide articulated curriculum sequence for all vocational programs within the Metropolitan Nashville Public School System. It was developed as a result of needs expressed…

  20. Severe fuel damage scoping test postirradiation examination results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The fuel bundle from the Severe Fuel Damage Scoping Test, conducted in the Power Burst Facility as part of the international Severe Fuel Damage Research Program, was examined posttest. This paper presents the results of the nondestructive portion of the examination, including gross gamma scanning, neutron radiography, and tomographic reconstruction of cross sections through the bundle using the neutron radiographs

  1. 48 CFR 915.200 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 915.200 Scope of subpart. The 48 CFR subpart 15.2 is not applicable to Program Opportunity Notices for Commercial Demonstrations (See subpart 917.72) or Program Research and Development Announcements (See...

  2. 22 CFR 194.1 - Authority and scope of application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 194.1 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION INTER-AMERICAN COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION COMMISSION RULES OF PROCEDURE § 194.1 Authority and scope of application. In... State has determined that the amended Rules of Procedures of the Inter-American Commercial...

  3. 12 CFR 219.21 - Authority, purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Authority, purpose and scope. This subpart of Regulation S (12 CFR part 219, subpart B) is issued by the... amended by the Annunzio-Wylie Anti-Money Laundering Act of 1992 (Pub. L. 102-550, Title XV; 106 Stat. 3672... promulgated and administered jointly by the Board and the Treasury and are codified in 31 CFR 103.11 and...

  4. 40 CFR 304.11 - Scope and applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope and applicability. 304.11 Section 304.11 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS ARBITRATION PROCEDURES FOR SMALL SUPERFUND COST...

  5. 18 CFR 385.1601 - Scope and purpose (Rule 1601).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Scope and purpose (Rule 1601). 385.1601 Section 385.1601 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY... inflation adjustments to the civil monetary penalties provided by law within the jurisdiction of...

  6. 48 CFR 1819.7301 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... technological innovation; and increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal R/R... SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs 1819.7301 Scope of subpart. The Small Business Innovation Research...

  7. 29 CFR 570.70 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 570.70 Section 570.70 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR... “provisions of section 12 relating to child labor shall apply to an employee below the age of 16 employed...

  8. 37 CFR 205.23 - Scope of testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... for reconsideration. (C) Copyright law or other law. (D) The actions of another Office employee. (v... Section 205.23 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT OFFICE... in Which the Office Is Not a Party § 205.23 Scope of testimony. (a)(1) If a Copyright Office...

  9. The Scope of Gene Patent Protection and the TRIPS Agreement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommer, Tine

    2007-01-01

    The Scope of Gene Patent Protection and the TRIPS Agreement - An Exclusively Nondiscriminatory Approach?   Gene patenting in Europe has provoked much debate both before and since the adoption of Directive 98/44/EC on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions. Some of the major points of...

  10. cyanoScope: Mapping cyanobacteria one slide at a time

    Science.gov (United States)

    cyanoScope is a new initiative for engaging the public, and particularly citizen scientists, to assist with mapping potentially harmful algal blooms throughout New England. Cyanobacteria are important members of the phytoplankton assemblages in lakes. In most situations these p...

  11. 48 CFR 50.000 - Scope of part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... as a qualified anti-terrorism technology as defined in the Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering... promote development and use of anti-terrorism technologies. ... EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT 50.000 Scope of part. This part— (a)(1) Prescribes...

  12. 48 CFR 50.200 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 50.200 Scope of subpart. This subpart implements the Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 (SAFETY Act) liability protections to promote development and use of...

  13. 29 CFR 1912a.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH § 1912a.1 Purpose and scope. (a) Section 7(a) of the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 establishes a...

  14. 7 CFR 271.1 - General purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., in part: Congress hereby finds that the limited food purchasing power of low-income households... households to obtain a more nutritious diet through normal channels of trade by increasing food purchasing power for all eligible households who apply for participation. (b) Scope of the regulations. Part...

  15. 28 CFR 544.40 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Mandatory English-as-a-Second Language Program (ESL) § 544.40 Purpose and scope. Pursuant to the Crime Control Act of 1990 (18 U.S.C. 3624(f)), limited English proficient inmates confined in Federal Bureau of Prisons institutions are required to attend an English-as-a-Second Language (ESL) program until...

  16. 20 CFR 416.901 - Scope of subpart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... in telling us of any events that may cause a change in your disability or blindness status and when... DISABLED Determining Disability and Blindness General § 416.901 Scope of subpart. In order for you to become entitled to any benefits based upon disability or blindness you must be disabled or blind...

  17. 22 CFR 211.1 - General purpose and scope; legislation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General purpose and scope; legislation. 211.1...; legislation. (a) Legislation. The Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended (Pub...-624, 104 Stat. 3632-65 (1990). The legislation implemented by the regulation in this part (as of...

  18. Conclusions and recommendations of the SCOPE-RADSITE workshop on remediation achievements after uranium mining and milling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SCOPE-RADSITE Project provides a unique international scientific forum where the radioactive wastes generated in the development of nuclear weapons, including their potential impact on the environment and human populations, are studied and reviewed. At the present SCOPE-RADSITE workshop a team of experts presented the current status of uranium mining and milling operations in the United States, in the former Soviet Union (FSU) and in Central and Eastern Europe. The effect of radiocontaminants resulting from the uranium mining and milling operations to species other than humans and the combined effects of environmental radiation and other agents were discussed. Finally, three cases of remediation projects were presented: remediation at COGEMA sites in France, the WISMUT rehabilitation project in Germany and uranium mine reclamation in Texas and remediation achievements were described. Finally the workshop discussed important issues and recommendations to be considered when approaching remediation of past legacies resulting from uranium mining and milling. (author)

  19. Plastic surgery in Nigeria-Scope and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TOG Chukwuanukwu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Plastic surgery as a major subspecialty of surgery has existed in Nigeria for several decades but the populace including medical practitioners are yet to fully appreciate its scope. This leads to very late presentation/referral of cases and management of cases that should have been referred by less qualified practitioners with attendant poor outcomes and complications. Most people still regard plastic surgery as being synonymous with cosmetic/aesthetic surgery but the scope goes far beyond this entity. It is therefore important that the public including medical practitioners who are the main sources of referral to the subspecialty are aware of the range of cases handled by plastic surgery units. The plastic surgeon in Nigeria is also faced with a lot of challenges ranging from the arduous task of one having to manage very many different and complicated cases to being very poorly equipped and appreciated. Objectives To educate the populace especially the medical practitioners on the scope of plastic surgery and the extent of development of the subspecialty in Nigeria and solicit for colleague′s cooperation in order to move plastic surgery forward. To also highlight the difficulties faced by the plastic surgeon in Nigeria and seeking help from appropriate quarters which will help to reduce unnecessary referrals abroad while improving the services rendered to patients locally. Conclusion Plastic surgery in Nigeria has developed significantly both in scope and manpower but it is still faced with a lot of challenges. Knowledge of its scope will help to reduce unnecessary referrals abroad while improving services/skill here in Nigeria.

  20. Focusing the EarthScope for a Broader Audience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith-Konter, B. R.

    2011-12-01

    One of the most challenging milestones of scientific research is often the translation of a technical result into a clear "teachable moment" that is accessible (and interesting!) to a broader audience. The success of this milestone can largely be measured by its effectiveness to inspire interest and enthusiasm in the non-scientist. Moreover, as 4D multimedia now dominates most aspects of our social environment, science "teaching" now also requires intervention of visualization technology and animation to portray research results in an inviting and stimulating manner. In response to these needs, a primary objective of the EarthScope Education and Outreach program is to transform technical science into teachable products for a technologically thriving generation. Following the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS)'s lead in developing interactive Earth science kiosk multimedia (bundled in a free product called Active Earth), a major focus of this EarthScope CAREER project is aimed at the construction and installation of customized EarthScope-themed touch screen kiosks in local communities. These kiosks are helping to educate a broader audience about EarthScope's unique instrumentation and observations using interactive animations, games, and virtual field trips. An additional focus of this CAREER project is aimed at the development of several Earthquakes in Action teaching modules for grades 6-12, which have been successfully tested and implemented in both teacher-prep courses and an annual high school summer geosciences camp at the University of Texas at El Paso. These activities are beginning to shape a new pathway for how teachers teach and students learn about planet Earth and its fantastic EarthScope - one click (and touch) at a time.

  1. Mixed Waste Treatment Project -- Scope and status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Department of Energy (DOE) facilities currently store and generate significant quantities of mixed wastes - mixtures of materials containing both radioactive and hazardous chemical contamination. These wastes must be managed in compliance with DOE requirements and EPA Land Disposal Restrictions. To help meet these requirements for low-level mixed wastes, the DOE Office of Waste Operations has established The Mixed Waste Treatment Project (MWTP). The overall goal of the MWTP is demonstration of effective treatment of low-level mixed wastes in a full-scale prototype plant. The MWTP staff, supported by a technical committee comprised of waste operations representatives from Hanford, Idaho, Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, Rocky Flats and Savannah River have reviewed the three major DOE data bases, the Integrated Data Base, the National Report on Prohibited Wastes and the Waste Management Information System data base managed by HAZWRAP. Database upgrades to meet MWTP needs are being pursued by field visits to the major mixed waste generators. A reference flowsheet was developed for treatment of low level contact handled mixed wastes. Technology gaps identified by these analyses are being used by DOE Waste Operations, and the Office of Technology Development to define technology development needs. A brief analysis of options for deployment of capabilities to treat mixed wastes at DOE facilities nationwide has been conducted

  2. 78 FR 14843 - Temporary Scope Expansion of the Post-Investigation Alternative Dispute Resolution Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ... COMMISSION Temporary Scope Expansion of the Post-Investigation Alternative Dispute Resolution Program AGENCY... Regulatory Commission (NRC) is expanding the scope of the post-investigation Alternative Dispute Resolution...-0115, ``Alternative Dispute Resolution Review Team (ART) Pilot Program Recommendations for...

  3. 76 FR 51022 - Juneau Hydropower, Inc.; Notice of Scoping Meeting and Site Visit and Soliciting Scoping Comments...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-17

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Juneau Hydropower, Inc.; Notice of Scoping Meeting and Site Visit and.... Applicant: Juneau Hydropower, Inc. d. Name of Project: Sweetheart Lake Hydroelectric Project. e. Location.... 791(a)-825(r). g. Applicant Contact: Duff Mitchell, Business Manager, Juneau Hydropower, Inc.,...

  4. The scope of teledermatology in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayakar Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Telemedicine describes the application of information and communication technologies in the entire range of functions that involve the health sector. Several medical and surgical specialties utilize tele-consultation. Dermatology is the best clinical specialty in the use of communications technology because of its inherently visual nature in both diagnosis and follow-up, which makes it easily applicable to virtual medicine. Teledermatology embraces great potential for revolutionizing the delivery of dermatologic services to remote and distant locations by means of telecommunications and information technology. It encompasses consultations between a patient (and the primary healthcare provider and a dermatologist for diagnosis and management advice. Teledermatology also covers dermatological education for health professionals and for consumers. Teleconsultations reduce time and increase the chances of access to one or more consultants as the patient or referring doctor desires, irrespective of the distance between the two. Its usefulness in the field of surgery and aesthetic surgery is immeasurable as there are only a few experts in the field of aesthetic surgery available currently in comparison to the dermatology population and the ever growing awareness and demand of the patients towards aesthetics. As the field of teledermatology is advancing in leaps and bounds the day is not far off when an aesthetic surgeon will be able to perform his skill from his own office on a patient in a distant locality with the help of a qualified and trained assistant. By adopting high-tech medical communication, high-performance computers, high-resolution cameras, and fiber-optic equipment′s the entire world shrinks!

  5. The scope of teledermatology in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Jayakar; Kumar, Parimalam

    2013-04-01

    Telemedicine describes the application of information and communication technologies in the entire range of functions that involve the health sector. Several medical and surgical specialties utilize tele-consultation. Dermatology is the best clinical specialty in the use of communications technology because of its inherently visual nature in both diagnosis and follow-up, which makes it easily applicable to virtual medicine. Teledermatology embraces great potential for revolutionizing the delivery of dermatologic services to remote and distant locations by means of telecommunications and information technology. It encompasses consultations between a patient (and the primary healthcare provider) and a dermatologist for diagnosis and management advice. Teledermatology also covers dermatological education for health professionals and for consumers. Teleconsultations reduce time and increase the chances of access to one or more consultants as the patient or referring doctor desires, irrespective of the distance between the two. Its usefulness in the field of surgery and aesthetic surgery is immeasurable as there are only a few experts in the field of aesthetic surgery available currently in comparison to the dermatology population and the ever growing awareness and demand of the patients towards aesthetics. As the field of teledermatology is advancing in leaps and bounds the day is not far off when an aesthetic surgeon will be able to perform his skill from his own office on a patient in a distant locality with the help of a qualified and trained assistant. By adopting high-tech medical communication, high-performance computers, high-resolution cameras, and fiber-optic equipment's the entire world shrinks! PMID:23741661

  6. Financial Integration and Economies of Scope: A Cross-Industry Analysis of Bancassurance in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Lih Ru Chen; Jin Lung Peng; Jennifer L Wang

    2008-01-01

    Using unique bancassurance data from Taiwan, we examine whether banks improve their scope economies by engaging in bancassurance activities. We adopt an econometric approach to identify the relation between economies of scope and bancassurance. The empirical results show that higher involvement in bancassurance helps banks improve their cost scope economies but may also lead to revenue scope diseconomies. However, the overall results indicate that banks in Taiwan realized greater gains from c...

  7. SunFast: A sun workstation based, fuel analysis scoping tool for pressurized water reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this research was to develop a fuel cycle scoping program for light water reactors and implement the program on a workstation class computer. Nuclear fuel management problems are quite formidable due to the many fuel arrangement options available. Therefore, an engineer must perform multigroup diffusion calculations for a variety of different strategies in order to determine an optimum core reload. Standard fine mesh finite difference codes result in a considerable computational cost. A better approach is to build upon the proven reliability of currently available mainframe computer programs, and improve the engineering efficiency by taking advantage of the most useful characteristic of workstations: enhanced man/machine interaction. This dissertation contains a description of the methods and a user's guide for the interactive fuel cycle scoping program, SunFast. SunFast provides computational speed and accuracy of solution along with a synergetic coupling between the user and the machine. It should prove to be a valuable tool when extensive sets of similar calculations must be done at a low cost as is the case for assessing fuel management strategies. 40 refs

  8. A cost analysis of reusable and disposable flexible optical scopes for intubation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tvede, M F; Kristensen, M S; Nyhus-Andreasen, M

    2012-01-01

    Intubation using a flexible optical scope (FOS) is a cornerstone technique for managing the predicted and unpredicted difficult airway. The term FOS covers both fibre-optic scopes and videoscopes. The total costs of using flexible scopes for intubation are unknown. The recent introduction of a di...

  9. 15 CFR 732.2 - Steps regarding scope of the EAR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Steps regarding scope of the EAR. 732... FOR USING THE EAR § 732.2 Steps regarding scope of the EAR. Steps 1 though 6 are designed to aid you in determining the scope of the EAR. A flow chart describing these steps is contained in...

  10. 14 CFR 1260.25 - Change in principal investigator or scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Change in principal investigator or scope... COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS General Provisions § 1260.25 Change in principal investigator or scope. Change in Principal Investigator or Scope October 2000 The following guidance is provided as an amplification to...

  11. Tank farm restoration and safe operation, Project W-314, upgrade scope summary report (USSR)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The revision to the Project W-314 Upgrade Scope Summary Report (USSR), incorporates changes to the project scope from customer guidance. Included are incorporation of the recommendations from HNF-2500, agreements regarding interfaces with Project W-211, and assumption of scope previously assigned to Project W-454

  12. Defining the Scope of Grievance Arbitration in Public Education Employment Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shipley, David E.

    1974-01-01

    After examining the case law in this area, the comment concludes that the scope of grievance arbitration should be coextensive with the scope of collective bargaining. This broad scope of grievance arbitration can be achieved without destroying a school board's ability to manage its schools. (Author)

  13. Full-scope nuclear training simulator -brought to the desktop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    RighTSTEP is a suite of simulation software which has been initially designed to facilitate upgrade of Ontario Hydro's full-scope simulators, but is also adaptable to a variety of other roles. it is presently being commissioned at Bruch A Training Simulator and has seen preliminary use in desktop and classroom roles. Because of the flexibility of the system, we anticipate it will see common use in the corporation for full-scope simulation roles. A key reason for developing RighTSTEP (Real Time Simulator Technology Extensible and Portable) was the need to modernize and upgrade the full-scope training simulator while protecting the investment in modelling code. This modelling code represents the end product of 18 years of evolution from the beginning of its development in 1979. Bringing this modelling code to a modern and more useful framework - the combination of simulator host, operating system, and simulator operating system - also could provide many spin-off benefits. The development (and first implementation) of the righTSTEP system was cited for saving the corporation 5.6M$ and was recognized by a corporate New Technology Award last year. The most important spin-off from this project has been the desktop version of the full-scope simulator. The desktop simulator uses essentially the same software as does its full-scope counterpart, and may be used for a variety of new purposes. Classroom and individual simulator training can now be easily accommodated since a desktop simulator is both affordable and relatively ease to use. Further, a wide group of people can be trained using the desktop simulator: by contrast the full-scope simulators were almost exclusively devoted to front-line operating staff. The desktop is finding increasing use in support of engineering applications, resulting from its easy accessibility, breadth of station systems represented, and tools for analysis and viewing. As further plant models are made available on the new simulator platform and

  14. Current work in energy analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This report describes the work performed at Berkeley Lab most recently. One of the Labs accomplishments is the publication of Scenarios of US Carbon Reductions, an analysis of the potential of energy technologies to reduce carbon emissions in the US. This analysis is described and played a key role in shaping the US position on climate change in the Kyoto Protocol negotiations. The Labs participation in the fundamental characterization of the climate change issue by the IPCC is described. Described also is a study of leaking electricity, which is stimulating an international campaign for a one-watt ceiling for standby electricity losses from appliances. This ceiling has the potential to save two-thirds of the 5% of US residential electricity currently expended on standby losses. The 54 vignettes contained in the report summarize results of research activities ranging in scale from calculating the efficacy of individual lamp ballasts to estimating the cost-effectiveness of the national Energy Star{reg_sign} labeling program, and ranging in location from a scoping study of energy-efficiency market transformation in California to development of an energy-efficiency project in the auto parts industry in Shandong Province, China.

  15. Qinshan 300Mwe NPP full scope simulator upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On April 28,2004, RINPO was awarded the project for Qinshan 300Mwe NPP full scope simulator upgrade, the SAT (site acceptance test) was completed on June 30 2005 and the simulator put into operator training again. Scope of upgrade includes: computer system (DGI server and workstations) all replaced by microcomputers; G2 I/O controllers all replaced by RTP EIOBC; Unix-based simulation support environment replaced by RINPO's PC-based simulation environment RINSIMTM, Instructor software replaced by RINPO's PC-based instructor software with function and diagram redesigned; DEH, Feed-water control and some other digital control systems redeveloped to follow NPP modifications; desk-top simulator with soft panel control room developed as byproduct; most of the models not changed but it is planned the reactor core and PPC model will be upgraded in near future. SAT of upgrade demonstrates that the performance of the simulator much improved after the upgrade. (author)

  16. Earthquake warning system for infrastructures : a scoping analysis.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brodsky, Nancy S.; O' Connor, Sharon L.; Stamber, Kevin Louis; Kelic, Andjelka; Fogleman, William E. (GRIT, Inc., Albuquerque, NM); Vugrin, Eric D.; Corbet, Thomas Frank, Jr.; Brown, Theresa Jean

    2011-09-01

    This report provides the results of a scoping study evaluating the potential risk reduction value of a hypothetical, earthquake early-warning system. The study was based on an analysis of the actions that could be taken to reduce risks to population and infrastructures, how much time would be required to take each action and the potential consequences of false alarms given the nature of the action. The results of the scoping analysis indicate that risks could be reduced through improving existing event notification systems and individual responses to the notification; and production and utilization of more detailed risk maps for local planning. Detailed maps and training programs, based on existing knowledge of geologic conditions and processes, would reduce uncertainty in the consequence portion of the risk analysis. Uncertainties in the timing, magnitude and location of earthquakes and the potential impacts of false alarms will present major challenges to the value of an early-warning system.

  17. Mindfulness Interventions in Physical Rehabilitation: A Scoping Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardison, Mark E; Roll, Shawn C

    2016-01-01

    A scoping review was conducted to describe how mindfulness is used in physical rehabilitation, identify implications for occupational therapy practice, and guide future research on clinical mindfulness interventions. A systematic search of four literature databases produced 1,524 original abstracts, of which 16 articles were included. Although only 3 Level I or II studies were identified, the literature included suggests that mindfulness interventions are helpful for patients with musculoskeletal and chronic pain disorders and demonstrate trends toward outcome improvements for patients with neurocognitive and neuromotor disorders. Only 2 studies included an occupational therapist as the primary mindfulness provider, but all mindfulness interventions in the selected studies fit within the occupational therapy scope of practice according to the American Occupational Therapy Association's Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process. Higher-level research is needed to evaluate the effects of mindfulness interventions in physical rehabilitation and to determine best practices for the use of mindfulness by occupational therapy practitioners. PMID:27089297

  18. A scoping review of Indigenous suicide prevention in circumpolar regions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Redvers, Jennifer; Bjerregaard, Peter; Eriksen, Heidi;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious public health challenge in circumpolar regions, especially among Indigenous youth. Indigenous communities, government agencies and health care providers are making concerted efforts to reduce the burden of suicide and strengthen protective factors for individuals......, families and communities. The persistence of suicide has made it clear that more needs to be done. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to undertake a scoping review of the peer-reviewed literature on suicide prevention and interventions in Indigenous communities across the circumpolar north. Our objective was to...... determine the extent and types of interventions that have been reported during past decade. We want to use this knowledge to support community initiative and inform intervention development and evaluation. DESIGN: We conducted a scoping review of online databases to identify studies published between 2004...

  19. 人羊膜匀浆上清液对脂多糖致伤的大鼠肺微血管内皮细胞增殖及分泌炎症因子的影响%Effect of supernatant of human amnion homogenate on lipopolysaccharide induced pulmonary microvascular endotheli-al cells injury and their proliferation and expression of proinflammatory factors in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈云鹏; 朱富军; 龚震宇; 辛海明; 王磊; 童亚林; 刘亮; 吕璐; 莫永亮; 詹球; 阳齐琼; 梁静

    2015-01-01

    长因子、细胞因子,对 LPS致伤的 RPMVECs增殖具有促进作用,并减少致伤后炎症因子分泌。%Objective:To investigate the protective effect of supernatant of human amnion homogenate (hAHS)on proliferation and expression of proinflammatory mediators by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)induced inj ured pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells of rats (RPMVECs).Methods:hAHS was prepared from fresh human amnion. The total protein content and the content of epithelial growth factor (EGF),basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF),interleukin-4 (IL-4),IL-10,angiogenin-1 (Ang-1),humanβ-defensin2 (HBD2)of hAHS were determined with Coomassie blue staining and ELISA. The effect of 0,10%,15%, 20%,25% hAHS on cell proliferation activity of RPMVECs was respectively determined with MTT assay,in or-der to determine the optimal concentration of hAHS on promoting RPMVECs proliferation. According to different co-culture conditions,RPMVECs were randomly divided into 4 groups:group N (cultured with 10%FBS+DMEM/F12),group A(10%FBS+DMEM/F12+15%hAHS),group B (10%FBS+DMEM/F12+LPS),and group C (10%FBS+DMEM/F12+15%hAHS+LPS). At 0,12,24,48,72 hours after culturing with the corre-sponding medium of each group,optical density values (A values)of each group were determined respectively with MTT assay to determine the proliferation activity,and the contents of IL-6,IL-8,TNF-αlevels in the culture su-pernates were also determined by ELISA at 6,8,10,12 and 24 hours. Results:The total protein concentration of hAHS was (725.125±12.625)mg/L,and levels of EGF,bFGF,VEGF,IL-4,IL-10,Ang-1,HDB2 were re-spectively(504.785±4.665)ng/L,(4.426±0.138)ng/L,(0.185±0.006)ng/L,(25.650±4.104)ng/L,(13.733 ±2.197)ng/L,(15.561±0.496)ng/L,(4.763±0.714)ng/L.10%-20% hAHS was shown to promote prolifer-ation of RPMVECs,and 15% hAHS,and the best result was observed on 7 and 9 days. The proliferation rate of RPMVECs in 25% hAHS group at 7,9 and 11 days was lower than those in the 0%hAHS group (P<0

  20. The TS 600: automatic control system for eddy currents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the scope of fabrication and in service inspection of the PWR steam generator tubing bendle, FRAMATOME developed an automatic Eddy Current testing system: TS600. Based on a mini-computer, TS600 allows to digitize, to store and to process data in various ways, so it is possible to perform several kinds of inspection: conventional inservice inspection, roll area profilometry...... TS600 can also be used to develop new methods of examination

  1. The practical analysis on participators of current Chinese POF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingjing Yang

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Current Chinese POF industry is still short of comprehensive legislation. Thus, the cooperative relationship between participants involved in account management model POF and trust plan model POF is quite unsteady and risky before the promulgation of new PBL. Furthermore, the conflict between Chinese Company Law and the new PBL had restrained the scope of development of limited partnership POF. A more systematic legal platform is to be established urgently.

  2. Obesity studies in the circumpolar Inuit: a scoping review

    OpenAIRE

    Galloway, Tracey; Blackett, Hilary; Chatwood, Susan; Jeppesen, Charlotte; Kandola, Kami; Linton, Janice; Bjerregaard, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Background. Among circumpolar populations, recent research has documented a significant increase in risk factors which are commonly associated with chronic disease, notably obesity. Objective. The present study undertakes a scoping review of research on obesity in the circumpolar Inuit to determine the extent obesity research has been undertaken, how well all subpopulations and geographic areas are represented, the methodologies used and whether they are sufficient in describing risk factors,...

  3. Practical Limits to the Scope of Digital Preservation

    OpenAIRE

    Kastellec, Mike

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines factors that limit the ability of institutions to digitally preserve the cultural heritage of the modern era. The author takes a wide-ranging approach to shed light on limitations to the scope of digital preservation.  The author finds that technological limitations to digital preservation have been addressed but still exist, and that non-technical aspects—access, selection, law, and finances—move into the foreground as technological limitations recede.  The author propose...

  4. Copyright & Risk: Scoping the Wellcome Digital Library Project

    OpenAIRE

    Stobo, Victoria; Deazley, Ronan; Anderson, Ian G.

    2013-01-01

    Copyright & Risk: Scoping the Wellcome Digital Library is a comprehensive case study which aims to assess the merits of the risk-managed approach to copyright clearance adopted by the Wellcome Library (WL) in the course of their pilot digitisation project Codebreakers: Makers of Modern Genetics. Whilst the WL clearly identifies as a library, as a collecting institution it extends from books and periodicals to include archives and manuscripts, art, the moving image and sound associated...

  5. Scope of Hydrolysable Tannins as Possible Antimicrobial Agent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekambaram, Sanmuga Priya; Perumal, Senthamil Selvan; Balakrishnan, Ajay

    2016-07-01

    Hydrolysable tannins (HTs) are secondary metabolites from plants, which are roughly classified into gallotannins and ellagitannins having gallic acid and ellagic acid residues respectively attached to the hydroxyl group of glucose by ester linkage. The presence of hexahydroxydiphenoyl and nonahydroxyterphenoyl moieties is considered to render antimicrobial property to HTs. HTs also show considerable synergy with antibiotics. Nevertheless, they have low pharmacokinetic property. The present review presents the scope of HTs as future antimicrobial agent. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:27062587

  6. Scope of Internal Marketing in B2B Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Nigam, Niharika

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Previous studies have focused on "internal marketing" from services marketing perspective. There is, therefore, a great dearth of in-depth research on its application to other business types. This research attempts to find the scope of internal marketing in B2B companies. The purpose of this research is to closely examine the elements, their linkage, tools and applications of Internal marketing when applied to B2B settings. Internal marketing, the application of marketing managem...

  7. Angra 1 nuclear power plant full scope simulator development project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Selvatici, Edmundo; Castanheira, Luiz Carlos C.; Silva Junior, Nilo Garcia da, E-mail: edsel@eletronuclear.gov.br, E-mail: lccast@eletronuclear.gov.br, E-mail: nilogar@eletronuclear.gov.br [Eletrobras Termonuclear S.A. (SCO/ELETRONUCLEAR), Angra dos Reis, RJ (Brazil). Superintendencia de Coordenacao da Operacao; Zazo, Francisco Javier Lopez; Ruiz, Jose Antonio, E-mail: jlopez@tecnatom.es, E-mail: jaruiz@tecnatom.es [Tecnatom S.A., San Sebastian de los Reyes, Madrid (Spain)

    2015-07-01

    Specific Full Scope Simulators are an essential tool for training NPP control room operators, in the formation phase as well as for maintaining their qualifications. In the last years availability of a Plant specific simulator has also become a Regulator requirement for Nuclear Power Plant operation. By providing real-time practical training for the operators, the use of a simulator allows improving the operator's performance, reducing the number of unplanned shutdowns and more effective response to abnormal and emergency operating conditions. It can also be used, among other uses, to validate procedures, test proposed plant modifications, perform engineering studies and to provide operation training for the technical support staff of the plant. The NPP site, in Angra dos Reis-RJ, Brazil, comprises the two units in operation, Unit 1, 640 MWe, Westinghouse PWR and Unit 2, 1350 MWe, KWU/Areva PWR and one unit in construction, Unit 3, 1405 MWe, KWU/Areva PWR, of the same design of Angra 2. Angra 2 has had its full scope simulator from the beginning, however this was not the case of Angra 1, that had to train its operators abroad, due to lack of a specific simulator. Eletronuclear participated in all the phases of the project, from data supply to commissioning and validation. The Angra 1 full scope simulator encompasses more than 80 systems of the plant including the Primary system, reactor core and associated auxiliary systems, the secondary system and turbo generator as well as all the Plant operational and safety I and C. The Angra 1 Main Control Room panels were reproduced in the simulator control room as well as the remote shutdown panels that are outside the control room. This paper describes the project for development of the Angra 1 NPP Full Scope Simulator, supplied by Tecnatom S.A., in the period of Feb.2012 to Feb.2015. (author)

  8. Scope of Tunnel Junction Based Molecular Electronics and Spintronics Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Tyagi, Pawan; Friebe, Edwards; Baker, Collin

    2014-01-01

    Scope of molecule based devices may govern the advancement of the next generation logic and memory devices. Molecules have the potential to be unmatched device elements as chemists can mass produce an endless variety of molecules with novel optical, magnetic, and charge transport characteristics. However, the biggest challenge is to connect two metal leads to a target molecule(s) and develop a robust and versatile device fabrication technology that can be adopted for commercial scale mass pro...

  9. Interprofessional teamwork in the trauma setting: a scoping review

    OpenAIRE

    Courtenay, M; Nancarrow, S.; Dawson, D.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Approximately 70 to 80% of healthcare errors are due to poor team communication and understanding. High-risk environments such as the trauma setting (which covers a broad spectrum of departments in acute services) are where the majority of these errors occur. Despite the emphasis on interprofessional collaborative practice and patient safety, interprofessional teamworking in the trauma setting has received little attention. This paper presents the findings of a scoping review ...

  10. A scoping review of definitions and frameworks of intersectoral action

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandra Dubois; Louise St-Pierre; Mirella Veras

    2015-01-01

    AbstractIntersectoral action is rooted in all health promotion activities because the determinants of health lie outside of the health sector. Despite the increasing use of these terms (intersectoral action, intersectoral action for health, intersectoral collaboration), often interchangeably, we noted a lack of consensus on their definitions and conceptualizations. The objective of this paper is to report the results of a scoping review of the use of definitions for a set of related terms as ...

  11. SCOPE: A Scientific Compound Object Publishing and Editing System

    OpenAIRE

    Kwok Cheung; Jane Hunter; Anna Lashtabeg; John Drennan

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the SCOPE (Scientific Compound Object Publishing and Editing) system which is designed to enable scientists to easily author, publish and edit scientific compound objects. Scientific compound objects encapsulate the various datasets and resources generated or utilized during a scientific experiment or discovery process, within a single compound object, for publishing and exchange. The adoption of “named graphs” to represent these compound objects enables provenance informa...

  12. Department of Energy Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) scoping session

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this programmatic environmental impact statement (PEIS) scoping meeting was: to present the ground water program so as to build some familiarity and understanding about the issue involved; and to get the Durango community's input. This report contains the presentations made by the project manager for the uranium mill tailings program, site manager for the Durango UMTRA site, manager of ground water hydrology, and includes comments made by local residents

  13. Establishing the scope of marketing practice: insights from practitioners

    OpenAIRE

    Dibb, Sally; Simoes, Claudia; Wensley, Robin

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – Describing marketing practices is fundamental to understanding both the scope of marketing practice and the actual value it adds to the organization. This paper clarifies the reach of marketing practice and the nature of activities that marketers carry out. Design/Methodology/approach – The study uses mixed methods, involving qualitative document analysis, qualitative interviews and a quantitative managerial survey. Findings – The findings reveal consistency in the views of...

  14. BDAWG Scoping Report: Drugs and alcohol services in Belfast

    OpenAIRE

    Public Health Agency

    2011-01-01

    Mary Black, Assistant Director for Health and Social Wellbeing Improvement in the Public Health Agency, established the Belfast Drug and Alcohol Working Group in early 2010 to undertake a scoping exercise of drugs and alcohol services in Belfast, and to produce a report outlining their findings and making some recommendations as to how services could be better promoted, targeted, co-ordinated and ultimately improved.� This report is the culmination of a series of meetings and workshops (from ...

  15. Compassion: a scoping review of the healthcare literature

    OpenAIRE

    Sinclair, Shane; Norris, Jill M.; McConnell, Shelagh J.; Chochinov, Harvey Max; Hack, Thomas F; Hagen, Neil A.; McClement, Susan; Bouchal, Shelley Raffin

    2016-01-01

    Background Recent concerns about suboptimal patient care and a lack of compassion have prompted policymakers to question the preparedness of clinicians for the challenging environment in which they practice. Compassionate care is expected by patients and is a professional obligation of clinicians; however, little is known about the state of research on clinical compassion. The purpose of this scoping review was to map the literature on compassion in clinical healthcare. Methods Searches of ei...

  16. Scoping calculations of power sources for nuclear electric propulsion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Difilippo, F.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1994-05-01

    This technical memorandum describes models and calculational procedures to fully characterize the nuclear island of power sources for nuclear electric propulsion. Two computer codes were written: one for the gas-cooled NERVA derivative reactor and the other for liquid metal-cooled fuel pin reactors. These codes are going to be interfaced by NASA with the balance of plant in order to making scoping calculations for mission analysis.

  17. A scoping review of Indigenous suicide prevention in circumpolar regions

    OpenAIRE

    Redvers, Jennifer; Bjerregaard, Peter; Eriksen, Heidi; Fanian, Sahar; Healey, Gwen; Hiratsuka, Vanessa; de Jong, Michael; Viskum Lytken Larsen, Christina; Linton, Janice; Pollock, Nathaniel; Silviken, Anne; Stoor, Petter; Chatwood, Susan

    2015-01-01

    Background. Suicide is a serious public health challenge in circumpolar regions, especially among Indigenous youth. Indigenous communities, government agencies and health care providers are making concerted efforts to reduce the burden of suicide and strengthen protective factors for individuals, families and communities. The persistence of suicide has made it clear that more needs to be done.Objective. Our aim was to undertake a scoping review of the peer-reviewed literature on suicide preve...

  18. Multiple myeloma and physical activity: a scoping review

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, L; McCourt, O.; Heinrich, M.; Paton, B.; Yong, K.; Wardle, J; Fisher, A.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: Multiple myeloma is the second most common haematological cancer. A growing body of literature is emerging that investigates the role physical activity plays in all stages of multiple myeloma (prevention and survivorship) and to date no attempt has been made to collate and understand this literature. Therefore, this scoping review aims to (1) outline what is already known about physical activity in all stages of multiple myeloma (2) map the literature on physical activity and mult...

  19. Angra 1 nuclear power plant full scope simulator development project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Specific Full Scope Simulators are an essential tool for training NPP control room operators, in the formation phase as well as for maintaining their qualifications. In the last years availability of a Plant specific simulator has also become a Regulator requirement for Nuclear Power Plant operation. By providing real-time practical training for the operators, the use of a simulator allows improving the operator's performance, reducing the number of unplanned shutdowns and more effective response to abnormal and emergency operating conditions. It can also be used, among other uses, to validate procedures, test proposed plant modifications, perform engineering studies and to provide operation training for the technical support staff of the plant. The NPP site, in Angra dos Reis-RJ, Brazil, comprises the two units in operation, Unit 1, 640 MWe, Westinghouse PWR and Unit 2, 1350 MWe, KWU/Areva PWR and one unit in construction, Unit 3, 1405 MWe, KWU/Areva PWR, of the same design of Angra 2. Angra 2 has had its full scope simulator from the beginning, however this was not the case of Angra 1, that had to train its operators abroad, due to lack of a specific simulator. Eletronuclear participated in all the phases of the project, from data supply to commissioning and validation. The Angra 1 full scope simulator encompasses more than 80 systems of the plant including the Primary system, reactor core and associated auxiliary systems, the secondary system and turbo generator as well as all the Plant operational and safety I and C. The Angra 1 Main Control Room panels were reproduced in the simulator control room as well as the remote shutdown panels that are outside the control room. This paper describes the project for development of the Angra 1 NPP Full Scope Simulator, supplied by Tecnatom S.A., in the period of Feb.2012 to Feb.2015. (author)

  20. Monticello recirculation piping replacement problems, contingencies, and evolving work scope

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A description is given of the many significant items that were added to the initial workscope during the detailed preparation and actual replacement of the Monticello reactor recirculation piping. These included chemical decontamination, weld stress improvement, manifold reconfiguration, electro-polishing, extra machining and welding of nozzles, piping scope additions and the replacement of jet pump nozzles. Lessons are drawn for future replacement work. (author)

  1. Originalism & The Scope of the Constitution's Disqualification Clause

    OpenAIRE

    Tillman, Seth Barrett

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the scope of the Constitution’s Disqualification Clause (Article I, Section 3, Clause 7) and the original public meaning of its “office...under the United States” language. In a recent paper in this journal, Benjamin Cassady argued that this clause bars disqualified former presidents, vice presidents, and officers of the United States from subsequent election or reelection to the presidency and vice presidency. Here, I take the contrary position: disqualified former presi...

  2. Determinants of unlawful file sharing:a scoping review

    OpenAIRE

    Steven James Watson; Daniel John Zizzo; Piers Fleming

    2015-01-01

    We employ a scoping review methodology to consider and assess the existing evidence on the determinants of unlawful file sharing (UFS) transparently and systematically. Based on the evidence, we build a simple conceptual framework to model the psychological decision to engage in UFS, purchase legally or do nothing. We identify social, moral, experiential, technical, legal and financial utility sources of the decision to purchase or to file share. They interact in complex ways. We consider the...

  3. LANGUAGE PROBLEMS IN APPLIED LINGUISTICS: LIMITING THE SCOPE

    OpenAIRE

    A. Effendi Kadarisman

    2014-01-01

    This article critically discusses the paradigmatic shift in applied linguistics, resulting in a claim that countless real-world language problems fall within its scope, but in reality they weaken the discipline and make it lack a focus. Then it takes a closer look at the nature of these language problems, and picks out, for analysis, real examples of writing problems in ELT in Indonesian context. It further argues that, by focusing primarily on problems in ELT and SLA, applied linguistics rea...

  4. Economies of scale and scope in Vietnamese hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Marcia; Deolalikar, Anil

    2004-07-01

    Hospitals consume a large share of health resources in developing countries, but little is known about the efficiency of their scale and scope. The Ministry of Health of Vietnam and World Bank collected data in 1996 from the largest sample ever surveyed in a developing country. The sample included 654 out of 815 public hospitals, six categories of hospitals and a broad range of sizes. These data were used to estimate total variable cost as a function of multiple products, such as admissions and outpatient visits. We report results for two specifications: (1) estimates with a single variable for beds and (2) estimates with interaction terms for beds and the category of hospital. The coefficient estimates were used to calculate marginal costs, short-run returns to the variable factor, economies of scale, and economies of scope for each category of hospital. There were important differences across categories of hospitals. The measure of economies of scale was 1.09 for central general and 1.05 for central specialty hospitals with a mean of 516 and 226 beds, respectively, indicating roughly constant returns to scale. The measure was well below one for both provincial general and specialty hospitals with a mean of 357 and 192 beds, respectively, indicating large diseconomies of scale. The measure was 1.16 for district hospitals and 0.89 other ministry hospitals indicating modest economies and diseconomies of scale, respectively. There were large economies of scope for central and provincial general hospitals. We conclude that in a system of public hospitals in a developing country that followed an administrative structure, the variable cost function differed significantly across categories of hospitals. Economies of scale and scope depended on the category of the hospital in addition to the number of beds and volume of output. PMID:15087154

  5. Scoping calculations of power sources for nuclear electric propulsion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This technical memorandum describes models and calculational procedures to fully characterize the nuclear island of power sources for nuclear electric propulsion. Two computer codes were written: one for the gas-cooled NERVA derivative reactor and the other for liquid metal-cooled fuel pin reactors. These codes are going to be interfaced by NASA with the balance of plant in order to making scoping calculations for mission analysis

  6. Scope and limitations of due process in administrative proceedings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Carvajal Sánchez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to explain in a better way the scope of Due Process in Administrative Law as a legal norm whose respect is essential to all government agencies, three points of view (formal, structural and material are proposed. Those items seem useful to understand “Administrative Due Process” in all its dimensions: as a constitutional norm developed by the enactment of laws and decrees; as a principle inspiring some conducts and new norms; and as an objective and subjective fundamental right. On the other hand, it is shown that Administrative Due Process is not an absolute rule because in some cases its full application is subject to normative relativism. Two opposite trends can be perceived at this point: in the first place, government agencies usually do not act the same way judges do, so Administrative Due Process should be distinguished from Judicial Due Process; therefore, it could actually have a more restricted scope. In the second place, some administrative authorities are nowadays playing a role more or less similar to what judges do. This means that new procedural guarantees will be claimed. In any case, admitting valid limitations to Administrative Due Process leads to the quest of the limits of these limitations. The application of the rule of Due Process cannot be totally suppressed; its scope cannot be completely reduced. This is the result of its fundamental nature as a legal norm that ensures justice and equity in all administrative procedures, and proscribes random decisions.

  7. Multifunctional optimised scope simulators in Central and Eastern Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the field of operator training, multiple functions have to be covered such as basic principles training, training on specific systems, operations training addressing operating procedures in normal, incidental and accidental situations, plant physical phenomena analysis. Training simulators are appropriate tools to meet theses needs. Optimisation of the scope of simulation is required to meet specific training objectives and produce cost-effective solutions that allow for possible future extensions. Training needs and training programs have to be identified with the participation of final users, leading to the development of appropriate training materials: 'multifunctional' (also called analytical) optimised scope simulators are a concrete solution to meeting this challenge. For these simulators, the quality of physical models used is equivalent to that used in the full-scope replica-type simulators. Moreover, all state-of-the-art technical requirements in terms of development of training simulators, must be satisfied: realism of modelling, tolerances, simulated incidents and accidents. Examples of this concept will be illustrated in the paper through the presentation of recent developments of simulators in Central and Eastern European NPPs (VVER-1000, VVER-440, RBMK, BN600, PWR 600). A brief presentation of the software workshop used to develop these simulators concludes the paper. (author)

  8. Synchrony is determined by diachrony: diachronic pathways leading to constituency, word order correlations and scoping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rijkhoff, Jan

    motivation that facilitates language processing: ICONICITY of distance. REFERENCES Anward, J. 2000. A dynamic model of part-of-speech differentiation. In P.M. Vogel and B. Comrie (eds.), Approaches to the Typology of Word Classes, 3-45. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Behaghel, O. 1932. Deutsche...... Syntax: eine geschichtliche Darstellung. Band IV: Wortstellung-Periodenbau. Heidelberg: Carl Winter. Clark, H.H. & E.V. Clark. 1977. Psychology and Language: An introduction to psycholinguistics. New York: Harcourt Barce Jovanovich. Croft, W. 2008. On iconicity of distance. Cognitive Linguistics 19-1, 49...... effect can be found in e.g. Evans and Levinson (2009: 444-5) and Moravcsik (2013: ch.7).       This paper argues that various grammatical phenomena currently observed in languages across the globe (constituency, word order correlations, scoping) can be attributed to a single diachronic process in which...

  9. Task analysis revisited: refining the phlebotomy technician scope of practice and assessing longitudinal change in competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fidler, James R

    2007-06-01

    A random sample of 500 phlebotomy technicians certified by a national organization was queried regarding perceptions of importance of 53 specific practice-related tasks representative of various departmental areas. The sample was surveyed via a mail questionnaire. Role centrality was assessed by considering mean importance ratings and by applying the Rasch measurement model to assigned importance ratings. Approximately 36% of the questionnaires received by respondents were returned. The results revealed which tasks were fundamental to the phlebotomy technician scope of practice. To assess longitudinal change in core duties, task saliency was considered with respect to similar data collected a decade earlier. Task importance may be considered by agencies that educate, credential, or employ phlebotomy technicians in providing current job function descriptions. The longitudinal methodology employed may be applicable to other job roles for which the assessment of change is of interest. PMID:17476028

  10. A Scoping Review of Immigrant Experience of Health Care Access Barriers in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalich, Angela; Heinemann, Lyn; Ghahari, Setareh

    2016-06-01

    Canadian population-based surveys report comparable access to health care services between immigrant and non-immigrant populations, yet other research reports immigrant-specific access barriers. A scoping review was conducted to explore research regarding Canadian immigrants' unique experiences in accessing health care, and was guided by the research question: "What is currently known about the barriers that adult immigrants face when accessing Canadian health care services?" The findings of this study suggest that there are unmet health care access needs specific to immigrants to Canada. In reviewing research of immigrants' health care experiences, the most common access barriers were found to be language barriers, barriers to information, and cultural differences. These findings, in addition to low cultural competency reported by interviewed health care workers in the reviewed articles, indicate inequities in access to Canadian health care services for immigrant populations. Suggestions for future research and programming are discussed. PMID:26093784

  11. The Scope of Practice of Occupational Therapy in U.S. Criminal Justice Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz, Jaime P; Moreton, Emily M; Sitterly, Audra M

    2016-09-01

    In the past 40 years, prison populations in the U.S. have nearly quadrupled while funding for rehabilitation, education and other programmes has been cut. Despite accounting for a small fraction of the world's population more than 20% of the worlds incarcerated population is in the U.S. and the rate of recidivism remains alarmingly high. Occupational therapists have the capability to play a significant role in addressing the needs of persons within the criminal justice system. However, the profession has been slow to delineate of the role occupational therapy within criminal justice settings. This study sought to provide a descriptive analysis of current occupational therapy roles and practices within the U.S. criminal justice system. Using survey research methods, the researchers collected data from respondents (N = 45; Response Rate + 51.7%) to establish a baseline of the scope of practices employed by occupational therapists working in the U.S. criminal justice system. U.S. practitioners work within institutional and community based criminal justice settings. Primary practice models, assessments and group interventions were catalogued. Respondents strongly valued the creation of networking to build the professions' presence within criminal justice settings. Occupational therapy in the criminal justice system remains an emerging practice arena. Understanding the current scope of practice in the U.S. and creating a mechanism for collaboration may help increase the depth, breadth and overall growth of the profession's role in these settings. The sampling method does not guarantee a representative sample of the population and is limited to practice within the United States. Survey design may not have allowed for respondents to fully describe their practice experiences. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:27094024

  12. Data Access and Web Services at the EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matykiewicz, J.; Anderson, G.; Henderson, D.; Hodgkinson, K.; Hoyt, B.; Lee, E.; Persson, E.; Torrez, D.; Smith, J.; Wright, J.; Jackson, M.

    2007-12-01

    The EarthScope Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) at UNAVCO, Inc., part of the NSF-funded EarthScope project, is designed to study the three-dimensional strain field resulting from deformation across the active boundary zone between the Pacific and North American plates in the western United States. To meet these goals, PBO will install 880 continuous GPS stations, 103 borehole strainmeter stations, and five laser strainmeters, as well as manage data for 209 previously existing continuous GPS stations and one previously existing laser strainmeter. UNAVCO provides access to data products from these stations, as well as general information about the PBO project, via the PBO web site (http://pboweb.unavco.org). GPS and strainmeter data products can be found using a variety of access methods, incuding map searches, text searches, and station specific data retrieval. In addition, the PBO construction status is available via multiple mapping interfaces, including custom web based map widgets and Google Earth. Additional construction details can be accessed from PBO operational pages and station specific home pages. The current state of health for the PBO network is available with the statistical snap-shot, full map interfaces, tabular web based reports, and automatic data mining and alerts. UNAVCO is currently working to enhance the community access to this information by developing a web service framework for the discovery of data products, interfacing with operational engineers, and exposing data services to third party participants. In addition, UNAVCO, through the PBO project, provides advanced data management and monitoring systems for use by the community in operating geodetic networks in the United States and beyond. We will demonstrate these systems during the AGU meeting, and we welcome inquiries from the community at any time.

  13. The current catalog--how current?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargent, C W

    1968-07-01

    NLM's Current Catalog has recently come in for some criticism. To be useful as a tool in acquisition and cataloging, currency in receipt of the Current Catalog is necessary. A survey of 263 titles with 1967 imprints, which were received by the Library of the Medical Sciences, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, was made to determine the correlation between the receipt of these books in the library and their appearance in the Current Catalog. PMID:5695111

  14. Scoping Study Investigating PWR Instrumentation during a Severe Accident Scenario

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The accidents at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) and Fukushima Daiichi Units 1, 2, and 3 nuclear power plants demonstrate the critical importance of accurate, relevant, and timely information on the status of reactor systems during a severe accident. These events also highlight the critical importance of understanding and focusing on the key elements of system status information in an environment where operators may be overwhelmed with superfluous and sometimes conflicting data. While progress in these areas has been made since TMI-2, the events at Fukushima suggests that there may still be a potential need to ensure that critical plant information is available to plant operators. Recognizing the significant technical and economic challenges associated with plant modifications, it is important to focus on instrumentation that can address these information critical needs. As part of a program initiated by the Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), a scoping effort was initiated to assess critical information needs identified for severe accident management and mitigation in commercial Light Water Reactors (LWRs), to quantify the environment instruments monitoring this data would have to survive, and to identify gaps where predicted environments exceed instrumentation qualification envelop (QE) limits. Results from the Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) scoping evaluations are documented in this report. The PWR evaluations were limited in this scoping evaluation to quantifying the environmental conditions for an unmitigated Short-Term Station BlackOut (STSBO) sequence in one unit at the Surry nuclear power station. Results were obtained using the MELCOR models developed for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)-sponsored State of the Art Consequence Assessment (SOARCA) program project. Results from this scoping evaluation indicate that some instrumentation identified to provide critical information would be exposed to conditions that

  15. Scoping Study Investigating PWR Instrumentation during a Severe Accident Scenario

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rempe, J. L. [Rempe and Associates, LLC, Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Knudson, D. L. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Lutz, R. J. [Lutz Nuclear Safety Consultant, LLC, Asheville, NC (United States)

    2015-09-01

    The accidents at the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) and Fukushima Daiichi Units 1, 2, and 3 nuclear power plants demonstrate the critical importance of accurate, relevant, and timely information on the status of reactor systems during a severe accident. These events also highlight the critical importance of understanding and focusing on the key elements of system status information in an environment where operators may be overwhelmed with superfluous and sometimes conflicting data. While progress in these areas has been made since TMI-2, the events at Fukushima suggests that there may still be a potential need to ensure that critical plant information is available to plant operators. Recognizing the significant technical and economic challenges associated with plant modifications, it is important to focus on instrumentation that can address these information critical needs. As part of a program initiated by the Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), a scoping effort was initiated to assess critical information needs identified for severe accident management and mitigation in commercial Light Water Reactors (LWRs), to quantify the environment instruments monitoring this data would have to survive, and to identify gaps where predicted environments exceed instrumentation qualification envelop (QE) limits. Results from the Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) scoping evaluations are documented in this report. The PWR evaluations were limited in this scoping evaluation to quantifying the environmental conditions for an unmitigated Short-Term Station BlackOut (STSBO) sequence in one unit at the Surry nuclear power station. Results were obtained using the MELCOR models developed for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)-sponsored State of the Art Consequence Assessment (SOARCA) program project. Results from this scoping evaluation indicate that some instrumentation identified to provide critical information would be exposed to conditions that

  16. 自体角膜缘干细胞移植与羊膜移植治疗翼状胬肉的对比研究%Comparative Study on treatment of pterygium with auto-corneallimbus stem cell transplantation and amnion transplantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡春梅; 付湘媛; 张晶; 邓江稳

    2011-01-01

    目的 比较自体角膜缘干细胞移植、羊膜移植和单纯翼状胬肉切除三种手术方式治疗翼状胬肉的治愈及复发情况.设计回顾性病例系列.研究对象自2007年8月至2010年8月在解放军第二炮兵总医院眼科应用上述三种手术方法治疗并有随访记录的翼状胬肉患者193例(217眼).方法 根据手术方法的不同,将193例(217眼)翼状胬肉患者分为3组:角膜缘干细胞移植组(A组)73例81眼;羊膜移植组(B组)54例63眼;单纯翼状胬肉切除组(C组)66例73眼.术后平均随访1年(12.2±2.3)月,观察并比较三组患者的治疗效果、复发率和并发症情况.主要指标复发率和并发症.结果 随访期间,A组复发4眼,复发率为4.94%;B组复发10眼,复发率为15.9%;C组复发23眼,复发率为31.5%(A与B组、A与C组、B与C组相比,x2值分别为4.828、18.746、4.498,P值分别为0.028、0.000、0.034).随访期内,A组未发生睑球粘连,B组有1眼(1.59%)出现睑球粘连,C组有8眼(10.96%)出现睑球粘连.结论 与单纯翼状胬肉切除术和羊膜移植术相比,自体角膜缘干细胞移植治疗翼状胬肉并发症少、复发率低,是治疗翼状胬肉较好的手法方法.%Objective To compare the curative and recurrent situation for the treatment of pterygium among three operative methods (simple excision of prerygium,combined excision of pterygium with auto-corneallimbus stem cell transplantation, and combined excision of pterygium with amnion transplantation). Design Retrospective case series. Participants 193 cases (217 eyes )with pterygium,who underwent the operation in The Second Artillery General Hospital of PLA from Aug. 2007 to Aug. 2010. Methods 193 cases (217 eyes ) with pterygium were divided into 3 groups according to the operative method: combined excision of pterygium with auto-comedlimbus stem cell transplantation (group A )73 cases (81 eyes), combined excision of pterygium with amnjon transplantation (group B) 54 cases (63

  17. Current lead thermal analysis code 'CURRENT'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Large gas-cooled current lead with the capacity more than 30 kA and 22 kV is required for superconducting toroidal and poloidal coils for fusion application. The current lead is used to carry electrical current from the power supply system at room temperature to the superconducting coil at 4 K. Accordingly, the thermal performance of the current lead is significantly important to determine the heat load requirements of the coil system at 4 K. Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has being developed the large gas-cooled current leads with the optimum condition in which the heat load is around 1 W per 1 kA at 4 K. In order to design the current lead with the optimum thermal performances, JAERI developed thermal analysis code named as ''CURRENT'' which can theoretically calculate the optimum geometric shape and cooling conditions of the current lead. The basic equations and the instruction manual of the analysis code are described in this report. (author)

  18. Current measurement apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umans, Stephen D.

    2008-11-11

    Apparatus and methods are provided for a system for measurement of a current in a conductor such that the conductor current may be momentarily directed to a current measurement element in order to maintain proper current without significantly increasing an amount of power dissipation attributable to the current measurement element or adding resistance to assist in current measurement. The apparatus and methods described herein are useful in superconducting circuits where it is necessary to monitor current carried by the superconducting elements while minimizing the effects of power dissipation attributable to the current measurement element.

  19. EDITORIAL: New scope for Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics New scope for Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roche, Olivia; Margaritondo, Giorgio

    2011-10-01

    After five years of significant growth and development, and with the Impact Factor (IF) now firmly placed over 2.0, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics (JPhysD) has seen a double change at the helm in the last 12 months. Giorgio Margaritondo from École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland took over as Editor-in-Chief from Pallab Bhattacharya, while Olivia Roche took over as Publisher from Sarah Quin. We inherited a strong, successful journal. With its IF of 2.105, excellent publication times and flexible, responsive management, JPhysD has established itself as the place to publish high-quality research papers in applied physics. Having introduced Fast Track Communications (FTCs) in 2008, we also became an outlet for short, high-impact letter-like articles. FTCs, with their particularly strict refereeing, add an extra mark of quality to the content. We are keen to continue developing and strengthening the journal to make it the first choice for authors and readers. We are lucky to be working in the exciting, rapidly-changing field of applied physics. The pace of development can sometimes be breathtaking. One of our first actions on taking over the journal was to look again at its scope. We felt it was time to respond to all the recent developments, to ensure that our scope encompasses the latest, cutting-edge research topics—so that it matches the reality of applied physics today. The first issue of the journal that will see this new scope implemented will be issue 41 of this volume. We would like to thank the entire Editorial Board for their hard work during this scope review. The greatest change during this review has been the merging of two sections, 'Functional surfaces and interfaces' and 'Structure and properties of matter', into a new section entitled 'Condensed matter, interfaces and related nanostructures'. This change reflects the significant developments in these connected fields in recent years, particularly the natural evolution of

  20. Content of the scope of the companies’ business efficiency controlling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.Yu. Popova

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to outline the contents of the scope of the company business performance controlling. The results of the analysis. The development and adaptation of controlling tools to local business conditions requires, above all, the provision of clarity to those scopes which play a key role in forming the efficiency. The evaluation of the final results of economic activity has traditionally been based on measurement and comparison of absolute indicators with the relevant criteria, mainly represented by the financial and economic indicators of income, profits, costs, and derived indices with relative values, i.e. profitability, payback period, etc. Basing on synthesizing the peculiarities of performance manifestation according to the basic laws of economics (laws of saving time, increased labor productivity and increase of economic needs we can propose the definition of the company’s business efficiency. The company business efficiency is the ability to form such a combination of resources which will ensure the growth of production, justified from the standpoint of effective demand in the market. The feature of this definition is the emphasis on the dynamic nature of the efficiency of company’s business. Unlike the existing approaches which provide for performance measurement via dividing the results by the cost in the local moments of time, proposed definition requires tracking the individual performance indicators throughout the product lifecycle and their subsequent consolidation into the complex characteristics that can be measured only at the end of lifecycle. Giving the variety of relationships and indices describing them it is advisable to submit the composition of the scopes of controlling the efficiency of the company business in terms of a combination of two perspectives: 1 by stages of economic activity from the supply of resources through their processing to final consumption, 2 by the ways of

  1. SCOPE: A Scientific Compound Object Publishing and Editing System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwok Cheung

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the SCOPE (Scientific Compound Object Publishing and Editing system which is designed to enable scientists to easily author, publish and edit scientific compound objects. Scientific compound objects encapsulate the various datasets and resources generated or utilized during a scientific experiment or discovery process, within a single compound object, for publishing and exchange. The adoption of “named graphs” to represent these compound objects enables provenance information to be captured via the typed relationships between the components. This approach is also endorsed by the OAI-ORE initiative and hence ensures that we generate OAI-ORE-compliant Scientific Compound Objects. The SCOPE system is an extension of the Provenance Explorer tool – which supports access-controlled viewing of scientific provenance trails. Provenance Explorer provided dynamic rendering of RDF graphs of scientific discovery processes, showing the lineage from raw data to publication. Views of different granularity can be inferred automatically using SWRL (Semantic Web Rules Language rules and an inferencing engine. SCOPE extends the Provenance Explorer tool and GUI by: 1 Adding an embedded web browser that can be used for incorporating objects discoverable via the Web; 2 Representing compound objects as Named Graphs, that can be saved in RDF, TriX, TriG or as an Atom syndication feed; 3 Enabling scientists to attach Creative Commons Licenses to the compound objects to specify how they may be re-used; 4 Enabling compound objects to be published as Fedora Object XML (FOXML files within a Fedora digital library.

  2. A scoping review of the nurse practitioner workforce in oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coombs, Lorinda A; Hunt, Lauren; Cataldo, Janine

    2016-08-01

    The quality of cancer care may be compromised in the near future because of work force issues. Several factors will impact the oncology health provider work force: an aging population, an increase in the number of cancer survivors, and expansion of health care coverage for the previously uninsured. Between October 2014 and March 2015, an electronic literature search of English language articles was conducted using PubMed(®) , the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Sciences (CINAHL(®) ), Web of Science, Journal Storage (JSTOR(®) ), Google Scholar, and SCOPUS(®) . Using the scoping review criteria, the research question was identified "How much care in oncology is provided by nurse practitioners (NPs)?" Key search terms were kept broad and included: "NP" AND "oncology" AND "workforce". The literature was searched between 2005 and 2015, using the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 29 studies were identified, further review resulted in 10 relevant studies that met all criteria. Results demonstrated that NPs are utilized in both inpatient and outpatient settings, across all malignancy types and in a variety of roles. Academic institutions were strongly represented in all relevant studies, a finding that may reflect the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) duty work hour limitations. There was no pattern associated with state scope of practice and NP representation in this scoping review. Many of the studies reviewed relied on subjective information, or represented a very small number of NPs. There is an obvious need for an objective analysis of the amount of care provided by oncology NPs. PMID:27264203

  3. Warm Water Oxidation Verification - Scoping and Stirred Reactor Tests

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Braley, Jenifer C.; Sinkov, Sergey I.; Delegard, Calvin H.; Schmidt, Andrew J.

    2011-06-15

    Scoping tests to evaluate the effects of agitation and pH adjustment on simulant sludge agglomeration and uranium metal oxidation at {approx}95 C were performed under Test Instructions(a,b) and as per sections 5.1 and 5.2 of this Test Plan prepared by AREVA. (c) The thermal testing occurred during the week of October 4-9, 2010. The results are reported here. For this testing, two uranium-containing simulant sludge types were evaluated: (1) a full uranium-containing K West (KW) container sludge simulant consisting of nine predominant sludge components; (2) a 50:50 uranium-mole basis mixture of uraninite [U(IV)] and metaschoepite [U(VI)]. This scoping study was conducted in support of the Sludge Treatment Project (STP) Phase 2 technology evaluation for the treatment and packaging of K-Basin sludge. The STP is managed by CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC) for the U.S. Department of Energy. Warm water ({approx}95 C) oxidation of sludge, followed by immobilization, has been proposed by AREVA and is one of the alternative flowsheets being considered to convert uranium metal to UO{sub 2} and eliminate H{sub 2} generation during final sludge disposition. Preliminary assessments of warm water oxidation have been conducted, and several issues have been identified that can best be evaluated through laboratory testing. The scoping evaluation documented here was specifically focused on the issue of the potential formation of high strength sludge agglomerates at the proposed 95 C process operating temperature. Prior hydrothermal tests conducted at 185 C produced significant physiochemical changes to genuine sludge, including the formation of monolithic concretions/agglomerates that exhibited shear strengths in excess of 100 kPa (Delegard et al. 2007).

  4. Integrated Care Pathways for Schizophrenia: A Scoping Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Sheng; Awan, Saima; Rajji, Tarek; Abdool, Petal; George, Tony P; Collins, April; Kidd, Sean A

    2016-09-01

    This paper summarizes the existing evidence for integrated care pathways (ICPs) for the treatment of schizophrenia. Scoping review methods following PRISMA guidelines were employed due to the variable nature of the evidence in this area. The review identified 13 papers. Of these papers, 7 focused on describing ICP content and process-related data and 6 examined clinical outcomes. Of the 6 studies providing outcome data, 2 reported improved outcomes associated with ICPs. Conceptually, ICPs hold great promise for improving the quality of schizophrenia care. However, in contrast with other specialty healthcare domains, the schizophrenia ICP evidence base is very limited and has not fulsomely begun to address ICPs for effectiveness. PMID:26512011

  5. Profiling parallel Mercury programs with ThreadScope

    CERN Document Server

    Bone, Paul

    2011-01-01

    The behavior of parallel programs is even harder to understand than the behavior of sequential programs. Parallel programs may suffer from any of the performance problems affecting sequential programs, as well as from several problems unique to parallel systems. Many of these problems are quite hard (or even practically impossible) to diagnose without help from specialized tools. We present a proposal for a tool for profiling the parallel execution of Mercury programs, a proposal whose implementation we have already started. This tool is an adaptation and extension of the ThreadScope profiler that was first built to help programmers visualize the execution of parallel Haskell programs.

  6. Facial Recognition Technology: An analysis with scope in India

    CERN Document Server

    Thorat, S B; Dandale, Jyoti P

    2010-01-01

    A facial recognition system is a computer application for automatically identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source. One of the way is to do this is by comparing selected facial features from the image and a facial database.It is typically used in security systems and can be compared to other biometrics such as fingerprint or eye iris recognition systems. In this paper we focus on 3-D facial recognition system and biometric facial recognision system. We do critics on facial recognision system giving effectiveness and weaknesses. This paper also introduces scope of recognision system in India.

  7. Facial Recognition Technology: An analysis with scope in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.B.Thorat

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available A facial recognition system is a computer application for automatically identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source. One of the way is to do this is by comparing selected facial features from the image and a facial database.It is typically used in security systems and can be compared to other biometrics such as fingerprint or eye iris recognition systems. In this paper we focus on 3-D facial recognition system and biometric facial recognision system. We do critics on facial recognision system giving effectiveness and weaknesses. This paper also introduces scope of recognision system in India.

  8. The speciality fertilizer market--scope and issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidlkofer, R.M.

    1993-08-01

    The specialty fertilizer market is a subset of the fertilizer market. The specialty market is characterized by high-value crops, usually with a very limited time between planting and market and subject to price variations due to quality and market timing. Additional characteristics of this market include innovations in development of new products, use of new products, and new developments and modifications in use of older products. Issues affecting this market include concerns associated with excessive nutrient runoff from irrigation. This paper focuses on the scope (including definitions) of the specialty market and issues affecting the industry.

  9. TTCScope - A scope-based TTC analysis tool

    CERN Document Server

    Moosavi, P

    2013-01-01

    This document describes a scope-based analysis tool for the TTC system. The software, ttcscope, was designed to sample the encoded TTC signal from a TTCex module with the aid of a LeCroy WaveRunner oscilloscope. From the sampled signal, the bunch crossing clock is recovered, along with the signal contents: level-1 accepts, TTC commands, and trigger types. Two use-cases are addressed: analysis of TTC signals and calibration of TTC crates. The latter includes calibration schemes for two signal phase shifts, one related to level-1 accepts, and the other to TTC commands.

  10. Application of flexible scope in large testing laboratories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carina Di Candia

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available According as the international definition of Flexible Scope, a laboratory must demonstrate face with the accreditation body that it has the knowledge, experience and competence to work within the full range of its flexible scope, as well as possessing suitable laboratory environments and equipment. The laboratory must also demonstrate that it has a management system in place that can control its proposed approach while continuing to comply with the requirements of ISO 17025:2005. In case of UKAS (Unites Kingdom Accreditation Service, prior to offering accreditation for flexible scope they must have a high degree of confidence that the staff are technically competent and that the management system controlling certain key processes as development, review, validation and authorization.LATU apply these requirements since 2004 as "Unified Tests". Until this date, LATU was doing the same type of tests in different materials departments using different equipment, personal, and testing quality control. In order to that were defined cross disciplinary groups to analyze this topic approaching in personal competence and quality control tests improvement, and resource's decrease. For example, LATU has the Unified Test Tensile Strength accredited by UKAS in: corrugated and solid fiberboard, paper board, linerboard, cork plugs, plastic bags, plastic sheeting, paper, woven fabrics, plastic woven bags and woven plastic. As a result of the Unified Tests was generated a general unified manage procedure with unified criteria's, responsibilities and actions. Was written a unique testing procedure not only with the actual flexible scope and the flexibilities limits but also the compliance requirements of ISO 17025 and the accreditations body methodology. We could decrease the amount of documentation to control. Was defined the methodology and implemented periodicaly internal inter comparisons between departments in order to valid the unified tests and has a unique

  11. Data acquisition system based on PXI-5105 scope card

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data acquisition and analysis system for the detector system test of the proton-induced spallation (PISA) experimental project was developed based on PXI-5105 scope card. The maximum sample rate of the system can be up to 60 M/s, and it can capture the width of the order of microsecond waveform signals. The system was controlled by using a user-friendly graphical interface (GUI) on a Windows XP operation system. The online display and analysis code were based on the ROOT framework. The tests show that the system is reliable. The maximum data acquisition rate of 50 MB/s is achieved. (authors)

  12. Current interruption transients calculation

    CERN Document Server

    Peelo, David F

    2014-01-01

    Provides an original, detailed and practical description of current interruption transients, origins, and the circuits involved, and how they can be calculated Current Interruption Transients Calculationis a comprehensive resource for the understanding, calculation and analysis of the transient recovery voltages (TRVs) and related re-ignition or re-striking transients associated with fault current interruption and the switching of inductive and capacitive load currents in circuits. This book provides an original, detailed and practical description of current interruption transients, origins,

  13. Marine Current Energy Conversion

    OpenAIRE

    Lundin, Staffan

    2016-01-01

    Marine currents, i.e. water currents in oceans and rivers, constitute a large renewable energy resource. This thesis presents research done on the subject of marine current energy conversion in a broad sense. A review of the tidal energy resource in Norway is presented, with the conclusion that tidal currents ought to be an interesting option for Norway in terms of renewable energy. The design of marine current energy conversion devices is studied. It is argued that turbine and generator cann...

  14. Telerehabilitation in Scotland: Current Initiatives and Recommendations for Future Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Hill

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Rehabilitation services are set to become central to modern health care systems as they strive to support an increasingly ageing population to live as independently as possible, while maintaining quality services. Alternative service delivery options such as telerehabilitation may assist in meeting the growing demand for services and many countries are exploring the potential use of telerehabilitation within their health care systems. The Scottish Centre for Telehealth commissioned an independent scoping study and subsequent report into the potential development and realisation of telerehabilitation services across Scotland. The scope of the report was restricted to adult rehabilitation services and aimed to identify opportunities for the use of telerehabilitation and to recommend clear and achievable steps towards implementation of telerehabilitation. This article outlines some of the telerehabilitation initiatives currently underway in Scotland and discusses some of the key recommendations made in the report to the Scottish Centre for Telehealth for the future advancement and application of telerehabilitation across Scotland.

  15. Electrical measurement techniques for pulsed high current electron beams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The advent of high current (1 to 100 kA), moderate energy (>10 MeV), short pulse (1 to 100 ns) electron accelerators used for charged particle beam research has motivated a need to complement standard diagnostics with development of new diagnostic techniques to measure electron beam parameters. A brief survey is given of the diagnostics for measuring beam current, position, size, energy, and emittance. While a broad scope of diagnostics will be discussed, this survey will emphasize diagnostics used on the Experimental Test Accelerator (ETA) and Advanced Test Accelerator (ATA). Focus is placed on diagnostics measuring beam current, position and size. Among the diagnostics discussed are resistive wall current monitors, B/sub theta/ loops, Rogowski coils, Faraday cups, and x-ray wire diagnostics. Operation at higher current levels also increases radiation and electromagnetic pulse interference. These difficulties and methods for circumventing them are also discussed

  16. DPSS Laser Beam Quality Optimization Through Pump Current Tuning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Omohundro, Rob; /Newport Spectra-Physics, Santa Clara; Callen, Alice; /SLAC; Sukuta, Sydney; /San Jose City Coll.

    2012-03-30

    The goal of this study is to demonstrate how a DPSS laser beam's quality parameters can be simultaneously optimized through pump current tuning. Two DPSS lasers of the same make and model were used where the laser diode pump current was first varied to ascertain the lowest RMS noise region. The lowest noise was found to be 0.13% in this region and the best M{sup 2} value of 1.0 and highest laser output power were simultaneously attained at the same current point. The laser manufacturer reported a M{sup 2} value of 1.3 and RMS noise value of .14% for these lasers. This study therefore demonstrates that pump current tuning a DPSS laser can simultaneously optimize RMS Noise, Power and M{sup 2} values. Future studies will strive to broaden the scope of the beam quality parameters impacted by current tuning.

  17. A qualitative study to discover the future scope and barriers towards facilitating animals-assisted therapy (AAT)for autisitic children in Macau (China)

    OpenAIRE

    Das Neves Chiang, Sara Violeta

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study seeks to discover the future scope of developing animal-assisted therapy (AAT) in Macau (China) based on the local parents’ perspectives. Social aversion in children with autism tends to be human-specific thus does not take into account of therapy animals, which can offer calming and nonjudgmental support thus enhancing and encouraging social interactions in children with autism. The aims of this paper include evaluating current evidence on how AAT can support the domai...

  18. Neutralized current acid waste consolidation management plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of this evaluation is to recommend a management plan for the high-heat tank waste, including neutralized current acid waste (NCAW) in AY and AZ Tank Farms, and tank C-106 waste. The movement of solids, liquids and salt cake in the designated tank farms is included. Decision analysis techniques were used to determine a recommended alternative. The recommended course of action was replacement of a 75-hp mixer pump in tank AY-102 and in-tank concentration of tank AZ-102 supernate. The alternative includes transfer fo tank C-106 sludge to tank AY-102, then transfer to tank AY-102 and tank C-106 sludge to tank AZ-101 using the new 75-hp mixer pump installed in tank AY-102. Tank AZ-101 becomes a storage tank for high-level waste (HLW) sludge, with the capacity to mix and transfer sludge as desired

  19. Computational approaches to analogical reasoning current trends

    CERN Document Server

    Richard, Gilles

    2014-01-01

    Analogical reasoning is known as a powerful mode for drawing plausible conclusions and solving problems. It has been the topic of a huge number of works by philosophers, anthropologists, linguists, psychologists, and computer scientists. As such, it has been early studied in artificial intelligence, with a particular renewal of interest in the last decade. The present volume provides a structured view of current research trends on computational approaches to analogical reasoning. It starts with an overview of the field, with an extensive bibliography. The 14 collected contributions cover a large scope of issues. First, the use of analogical proportions and analogies is explained and discussed in various natural language processing problems, as well as in automated deduction. Then, different formal frameworks for handling analogies are presented, dealing with case-based reasoning, heuristic-driven theory projection, commonsense reasoning about incomplete rule bases, logical proportions induced by similarity an...

  20. The Moderating Influence of Broad-Scope Trust on Customer-Seller Relationships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Torben

    2012-01-01

    Trust relates not only to customer trust in individual companies (i.e., narrow-scope trust) but also to the broader business context in which customer–seller relationships may develop (i.e., broad-scope trust [BST]). Based on two surveys comprising 1155 bank consumers and 817 insurance consumers......-scope trust and between narrow-scope trust and loyalty, BST positively moderates the relationship between satisfaction and loyalty. In addition, it is demonstrated that BST positively influences customer satisfaction and narrow-scope trust......, respectively, this study investigates the moderating influence of BST on relationships between satisfaction, narrow-scope trust, and loyalty and also examines the direct influence of BST on these variables. The results indicate that whereas BST negatively moderates relationships between satisfaction and narrow...