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Sample records for ambiental bajo iso

  1. SIGC - Herramienta para la administracion de SGC certificado bajo ISO 9001

    OpenAIRE

    Pasini, Ariel C.; Esponda, Silvia; Díaz, Delfina; Calabrese, Julieta; Swaels, Maximiliano; Boracchia, Marcos; Pesado, Patricia Mabel

    2015-01-01

    En la actualidad la gestión de la calidad es una parte fundamental dentro de cualquier organización al momento de prestar un mejor servicio o tener un producto que cumpla las exigencias del cliente. La Norma ISO 9001 “Sistemas de gestión de la calidad. Requisitos” se centra en la eficacia del sistema de gestión para dar cumplimiento a los requisitos del cliente. La implantación y constante mantenimiento de un Sistema de Gestión de la Calidad (SGC) en una organización, es una tarea que r...

  2. Indicadores de desempeño ambiental en el marco de la ISO 2600 RS

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    María Ángela Jiménez Montañés

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La Responsabilidad Social Corporativa (RSC es un instrumento que ayuda a conciliar objetivos económicos, sociales y medioambientales, a empresas de todos los tamaños, en cooperación con sus interlocutores o partes interesadas, defendiendo valores comunes y aumentando el sentido de la solidaridad y la cohesión, dentro del debate de la globalización, la competitividad y la sostenibilidad.El impacto de la RSC en la organización se manifiesta en tres dimensiones: económica, social y medioambiental, siendo en esta última, en donde vamos a centrar el trabajo. En el campo medioambiental es necesario la aplicación de sistemas de gestión que garanticen el cumplimiento de los objetivos dentro del marco de la RSC, bien basados en modelos europeos EMAS o bien según lo establecido por la ISO 14000 y por las primeras aproximaciones de la ISO 26000 RS.Uno de los instrumentos necesarios para la aplicación de los sistemas de gestión son los indicadores cuantitativos, que nos sirven como cuantificación del desempeño ambiental conseguido por las organizaciones en base a la política establecida. Los indicadores por sí mismos no nos van a proporcionar demasiada información útil, salvo que sean considerados bajo la práctica de otros métodos adicionales como puede ser el análisis DAFO o bien el benchmarking, para seleccionar estrategias en base a la comparativa de la posición de la organización en relación al resto del entorno económico.Corporate social responsibility is an instrument that helps to reconcile economic, social and environmental objectives to businesses of all sizes, in cooperation with its partners or stakeholders, to defend common values and increase the sense of solidarity and cohesion, within the debate of globalisation, competitiveness and sustainability.The impact of CSR in the organization is shown in three dimensions: economic, social and environmental; where we will focus our paper in the latter. In the environmental

  3. Objective Image Quality of CRT Displays under Ambient Glare: Assessing the ISO 9241-7 Ergonomic Technical Standard

    OpenAIRE

    Kempic, Joy III

    1998-01-01

    Objective Image Quality of CRT Displays under Ambient Glare: Assessing the ISO 9241-7 Ergonomic Technical Standard Joy Kempic (Abstract) This thesis assessed the readability of CRT displays viewed under ambient lighting conditions and then evaluated the findings with respect to the ISO 9241-7 standard. More specifically, two phases of work were conducted in this thesis. In Phase 1, seven monitors were evaluated photometrically according to the ISO 9241-...

  4. Implantació d’un Sistema de Gestió Ambiental ISO 14001 en una empresa de serveis

    OpenAIRE

    Montañola Culebras, Montserrat

    2015-01-01

    El projecte de final de carrera desenvolupat pretén determinar els passos a seguir per a implantar un Sistema de Gestió Ambiental segons la Norma UNE-EN ISO 14001:2004 en l’empresa ECONET, SL., destinada a la prestació de serveis de neteja i manteniment, i estudiar la situació inicial de l’empresa en relació al medi ambient. La norma ISO 14001:2004 és una norma internacional de caràcter voluntari sobre gestió ambiental que té com a finalitat proporcionar a l’organització els el...

  5. Evaluación del desempeño ambiental bajo enfoque de cadena de abastecimiento verde

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    William Ariel Sarache-Castro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre los enfoques existentes de gestión ambiental, la gestión de cadenas de abastecimiento verde (Green Supply Chain Managemen t, GSCM, se ha convertido en uno de los más relevantes en los últimos años. El en foque GSCM aborda todos los procesos y actividad es que componen la cadena de abastecimiento en los eslabones de aprovi sionamiento, manufactura y entregas, incluyendo también el diseñ o, las compras, el marketing y la logística inve rsa. Aunque la revisión bibliográfica permiti ó identificar la existencia de una gran v ariedad de indicadores de desempeño ambiental que se enmarcan en el enfoque PresiónEstadoRes puesta, no se encontraron indicadores aplica dos bajo un enfoque GSCM. Por tanto, el presente ar tículo expone una metodología para la cons trucción de un indicador de corte multicrit erio que permite evaluar el desempeño ambiental desde el enfoque GSCM, con base en 8 procesos y 32 actividades detectadas en la revisión de literatura. El indicador fue aplicado en un grupo de 14 empresas de la región cafetera de Colombia. Los resultados indican un d esempeño heterogéneo entre las compañías analizadas y un rezago importante en algunos procesos.

  6. LA SEGURIDAD AMBIENTAL VENEZOLANA BAJO LA CONCEPCIÓN ECO-POLÍTICA DEL ESTADO MULTIDIMENSIONAL

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    Antonio De Lisio

    2009-01-01

    nacional. Sin embargo, para evitar las posiciones catastrofistas desoladoras, se determinan las iniciativas que se están adelantando para reducir la vulnerabilidad ambiental del país. Finalmente se dan una serie de recomendaciones basadas en el fortalecimiento del empoderamiento local y de los mecanismos regionales para propiciar desde la sociedad las sinergias multidimensionales para superar la inseguridad ambiental que nos afecta.

  7. Diseño e implantación de un sistema integrado de calidad y medio ambiente (ISO 9001: 2008 e ISO14001:2004) en una empresa de obra civil

    OpenAIRE

    Campano Calleja, Juan Manuel

    2012-01-01

    El Proyecto Fin de Carrera tiene como objetivos el diseño, desarrollo e implantación de un Sistema de Gestión Integrado de Calidad y de Medio Ambiente según las normas ISO 9001:2008 e ISO 14001:2004 para una empresa ficticia llamada MID EXCAVACIONES S.L.

  8. Implementação do Sistema de Gestão Ambiental (NP EN ISO 14001:2004)

    OpenAIRE

    Alves, Nuno André Pereira

    2012-01-01

    A Qualidade e o respeito pelo meio ambiente são partes integrantes da gestão da Gamobar S.A. refletindo-se sobre todas as suas componentes. Uma vez que a organização já se encontra certificada pela NP EN ISO 9001:2008, a Gamobar S.A entende estar na altura de implementar um Sistema de Gestão Ambiental. O SGA representa a concretização do ciclo de melhoria contínua e do bom desempenho ambiental, o qual inclui requisitos e procedimentos destinados a atingir a plena eficiência. Trata-se de um...

  9. El sistema de gestión de calidad (sGc) en establecimientos hoteleros y turísticos bajo las normas ISO 9000 versión 2000

    OpenAIRE

    Pablo Lovera

    2004-01-01

    La única manera para ser competitivo en tiempos de crisis como éste, en la industria de la hospitalidad, es implementando un sistema de gestión de calidad, que puede ser certificado bajo las normas iso 9000 con reconocimiento internacional. Ello resultará en más y frecuentes clientes, que les permitirá a los hoteles perdurar en el tiempo. Aumentan las empresas internacionales importantes que requieren la certificación de calidad. Por eso es necesario comenzar ya el proceso de implementación d...

  10. APMP comparison for the calibration of ambient dose equivalent meters in ISO neutron reference fields - APMRRI(III)-S1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The comparison for the calibration of ambient dose equivalent meter was organized by TCRI of APMP. Seven laboratories (ARPANSA, BARC, INER, KRISS, NIM, NMIJ, and VNIIM) were participated in the comparison exercise. Two moderator-type neutron ambient dose equivalent meters (one is cylindrical and the other is spherical) were circulated and calibrated in ISO standard neutron fields of 252Cf, 241Am-Be, and D2O moderated 252Cf sources. The stability of the transfer instruments was checked by the pilot lab (KRISS) between the measurements of two successive participants. Some outliers exist in each measurement set and the weighted means of ail measurement results are not adequate as a reference value because of the large chi-square values. The median was used to calculate the reference value. (authors)

  11. Hormigón de bajo impacto ambiental elaborado con materiales activados alcalinamente para su uso en firmes compactados con rodillo

    OpenAIRE

    IBORRA BOSCH, PAULA

    2011-01-01

    Convenios con empresa. El objetivo de este trabajo es la evaluación preliminar de la viabilidad técnica de dos formulaciones de hormigón elaboradas con residuos activados alcalinamente para el desarrollo de firmes de carretera compactados a rodillo de bajo impacto ambiental. Para lograr este objetivo, se han seguido las siguientes etapas: obtención de una dosificación optimizada con hormigón convencional, realización de ensayos con las dos formulaciones de hormigón elaboradas con residuos act...

  12. Diseño del sistema de gestión integrado de calidad NTC ISO 9001:2008 y medio ambiente NTC ISO 14001:2004 en Aerologistics S.A.S.

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Con el fin de encontrar mejores oportunidades para la empresa Aerologistics S.A.S., se busca diseñar el Sistema de Gestión Integrado que proporcione mayor orden y mejor perspectiva por parte del cliente de lo que es el negocio y los servicios de la empresa. Se busca diseñar un Sistema de gestión con base en las normas NTC ISO 9001: 2008 y NTC ISO 14001: 2004 con el fin de mejorar la gestión de la calidad y ambiental de la actividad de la empresa.

  13. El mejoramiento de procesos y su aplicación bajo norma iso 9004: caso compañía de aceites

    OpenAIRE

    GIOVANNI PEREZ; BIBIANA GIRALDO; JUAN SERNA

    2008-01-01

    Este artículo se centra en la elaboración de una propuesta de mejoramiento para el problema que presenta el proceso de Despacho de Pedidos de la línea de producción de la marca MOTOR PLUS en una empresa dedicada al envase de aceite para vehículos. Para esto se utilizó la teoría sobre mejoramiento de procesos de Harrington y la norma NTC ISO 9001:2000.

  14. An Experimental Measurement on Laminar Burning Velocities and Markstein Length of Iso-Butane-Air Mixtures at Ambient Conditions

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    Yousif Alaeldeen Altag

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present work, experimental investigation on laminar combustion of iso-butane-air mixtures was conducted in constant volume explosion vessel. The experiments were conducted at wide range of equivalence ratios ranging between Ф = 0.6 and 1.4 and atmospheric pressure of 0.1 MPa and ambient temperature of 303K. Using spherically expanding flame method, flame parameters including stretched, unstretched flame propagation speeds, laminar burning velocities and Markstein length were calculated. For laminar burning velocities the method of error bars of 95% confidence level was applied. In addition, values of Markstein lengths were measured in wide range of equivalence ratios to study the influence of stretch rate on flame instability and burning velocity. It was found that the stretched flame speed and laminar burning velocities increased with equivalence ratios and the peak value was obtained at equivalence ratio of Ф = 1.1. The Markstein length decreased with the increases in equivalence ratios, which indicates that the diffusion thermal flame instability increased at high equivalence ratios in richer mixture side. However, the total deviations in the laminar burning velocities have discrepancies of 1.2-2.9% for all investigated mixtures.

  15. Subjective Image Quality of CRT Displays under Ambient Glare: Assessing the ISO 9241-7 Ergonomic Technical Standard

    OpenAIRE

    Olacsi, Gary S.

    2004-01-01

    This thesis evaluates the ISO 9241 Part 7, Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs) - Part 7: Requirements for display with reflections. The thesis involved two phases of effort that evaluated the photometric measurements required in the ISO standard in terms of subjective image quality judgments. In phase one, seven monitors were evaluated photometrically according to the ISO 9241-7 standard to determine whether they were Class I, II, or III. Additionally, ...

  16. Evaluación del desempeño ambiental bajo enfoque de cadena de abastecimiento verde

    OpenAIRE

    William Ariel Sarache-Castro; Yasel José Costa-Salas; Jhully Paulin Martínez-Giraldo

    2015-01-01

    Entre los enfoques existentes de gestión ambiental, la gestión de cadenas de abastecimiento verde (Green Supply Chain Managemen t, GSCM), se ha convertido en uno de los más relevantes en los últimos años. El en foque GSCM aborda todos los procesos y actividad es que componen la cadena de abastecimiento en los eslabones de aprovi sionamiento, manufactura y entregas, incluyendo también el diseñ o, las compras, el marketing y la logística inve rsa. Aunque la revisión bibliográfica permiti ó iden...

  17. Biodegradación del Colorante Azo Azul Disperso 79 en un Reactor Discontinuo Secuencial Bajo Ambientes Anaerobios/Aerobios.

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    Rosa María Melgoza-Alemán

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la biodegradación del colorante mono azo azul disperso 79 (AD79 en un reactor discontinuo secuencial (SBR con biomasa suspendida, combinando ambientes anaerobios/aerobios en un solo tanque, mediante fases de no aireación y aireación respectivamente. El objetivo fue obtener agua para ser reutilizada en el proceso textil o bien para riego agrícola. El colorante AD79 es uno de los colorantes azo que más aplicación tiene en la industria textil y se ha observado que por sí mismo no es tóxico, pero en ambientes reductores se biotransforma a aminas aromáticas que se ha comprobado son carcinogénicas a los microorganismos y al hombre. Los resultados mostraron que el proceso anaerobio/aerobio discontinuo secuenciado fue muy eficiente en la remoción del colorante AD79. La biomasa se aclimató a la degradación de colorante a los 45 días de operación. Los tiempos de reacción disminuyeron de 11 a 4 días, con fases de reacción anaerobia de 9 a 3 días y fases de reacción aerobia de 48 a 24 h. La eficiencia de remoción global del colorante en el reactor fue de 92 %. En la etapa anaerobia la eficiencia de biotransformación a aminas fue de 65 %. La mineralización de las aminas producidas por la ruptura del enlace azo fue de 96 %. Se observó un incrementó de la toxicidad después de la fase reductiva, sin embargo después del tratamiento anaerobio/aerobio secuenciado, la toxicidad fue eliminada a niveles no detectados en el efluente, lo que demostró la eficacia del proceso anaerobio/aerobio para eliminar la toxicidad del agua residual.

  18. Alternativas al cromo en la industria del acabado superficial del aluminio. Tratamientos superficiales de bajo impacto ambiental

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    Aballe Villero, Álvaro

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available Chromates are one of the most commonly used compounds in anticorrosive protection systems because of its excellent rate efficiency/cost. In the case of aluminium alloys, these compounds are employed as inhibitors as well as in the anticorrosive pretreatments to develop protective films. However, chromates are highly toxic and its use involves a high risk for health and environment. Consequently, in the last years intensive efforts have been achieved in the surface treatment industry to find ecological alternatives to this kind of compounds. In this work, the main alternatives proposed in literature to substitute chromates in the surface treatments of aluminium alloys are reviewed. To begin with, the role of chromates in these systems and their environmental consequences has been briefly reviewed.

    Los cromatos son unas de las sustancias más comúnmente empleadas en los sistemas de protección frente a la corrosión de aleaciones metálicas, debido a su excelente relación eficacia/coste. En el caso de las aleaciones de aluminio, estos compuestos se aplican tanto como inhibidores, incorporados al medio agresivo, como en pretratamientos anticorrosivos para la formación de películas protectoras. Sin embargo, los cromatos son altamente tóxicos y su uso conlleva un elevado riesgo para la salud laboral y el medio ambiente. Por esta razón, dentro de la industria del acabado superficial, en los últimos tiempos, se ha venido realizando un intenso esfuerzo para buscar alternativas ecológicamente aceptables a este tipo de compuestos. En este trabajo se revisan las principales alternativas planteadas en la bibliografía para sustituir a los cromatos en los tratamientos superficiales de las aleaciones de aluminio. Como punto de partida, se ha llevado a cabo un breve repaso al papel que juegan los cromatos en los sistemas de protección frente a la corrosión y las implicaciones medioambientales que conlleva su uso.

  19. Treinamento ambiental em organizações com certificação ISO 14001: estudo de múltiplos casos e identificação de coevolução com a gestão ambiental Environmental training in organizations with ISO 14001 certification: a multiple case study and identification of co-evolution with environmental management

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    Charbel José Chiappetta Jabbour

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa é compreender as características do treinamento ambiental em algumas empresas brasileiras. Para tanto, foram realizados nove estudos de caso com empresas certificadas pela norma ISO 14001, todas líderes em seu segmento de mercado. Foram conduzidas diversas entrevistas em cada caso, coletados documentos e realizadas visitas para observação direta. Como resultado, apresentam-se as classificações dos casos nos estágios evolutivos da gestão ambiental, os temas mais frequentes do treinamento ambiental, a diferenciação dos temas de treinamento ambiental segundo o nível hierárquico organizacional, a classificação das empresas segundo o nível de aderência às atividades de treinamento ambiental recomendadas pela literatura e as boas práticas de treinamento ambiental oferecidas pelas empresas. A principal contribuição desta pesquisa é a identificação de coevolução entre o estágio de gestão ambiental das organizações e o nível do treinamento ambiental que elas possuem.The objective of this research is to understand the characteristics of environmental training at some Brazilian companies. Nine case studies were carried out in firms certified by ISO 14001. These companies are leaders in their market segments. Several interviews were conducted in each case. Documents were collected and visits for direct observation were made. Results present the classification of companies in evolutionary stages of environmental management, the most common topics of the training environment, the differentiation of environmental training topics according to the hierarchical levels and the best practices offered on environmental training. The main contribution of this research is the identification of the co-evolution between the stage of corporate environmental management and the level of environmental training.

  20. Treinamento ambiental em organizações com certificação ISO 14001: estudo de múltiplos casos e identificação de coevolução com a gestão ambiental Environmental training in organizations with ISO 14001 certification: a multiple case study and identification of co-evolution with environmental management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charbel José Chiappetta Jabbour

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa é compreender as características do treinamento ambiental em algumas empresas brasileiras. Para tanto, foram realizados nove estudos de caso com empresas certificadas pela norma ISO 14001, todas líderes em seu segmento de mercado. Foram conduzidas diversas entrevistas em cada caso, coletados documentos e realizadas visitas para observação direta. Como resultado, apresentam-se as classificações dos casos nos estágios evolutivos da gestão ambiental, os temas mais frequentes do treinamento ambiental, a diferenciação dos temas de treinamento ambiental segundo o nível hierárquico organizacional, a classificação das empresas segundo o nível de aderência às atividades de treinamento ambiental recomendadas pela literatura e as boas práticas de treinamento ambiental oferecidas pelas empresas. A principal contribuição desta pesquisa é a identificação de coevolução entre o estágio de gestão ambiental das organizações e o nível do treinamento ambiental que elas possuem.The objective of this research is to understand the characteristics of environmental training at some Brazilian companies. Nine case studies were carried out in firms certified by ISO 14001. These companies are leaders in their market segments. Several interviews were conducted in each case. Documents were collected and visits for direct observation were made. Results present the classification of companies in evolutionary stages of environmental management, the most common topics of the training environment, the differentiation of environmental training topics according to the hierarchical levels and the best practices offered on environmental training. The main contribution of this research is the identification of the co-evolution between the stage of corporate environmental management and the level of environmental training.

  1. Processos operacionais e resultados de empresas brasileiras após a certificação ambiental ISO 14001 Operation process and results of Brazilian companies according to the ISO 14001 environmental certification

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    Gilberto Jesus Avila

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar os resultados operacionais obtidos pelas empresas brasileiras certificadas na Norma ISO 1400. Para alcançar este objetivo, procurou-se identificar os fatores relacionados aos processos de operação e ao desempenho das operações após a certificação ambiental. O método de pesquisa se orientou pela busca de integração entre a análise quantitativa e a análise qualitativa. A análise quantitativa foi baseada no tratamento estatístico de dados atuais resultantes da participação de empresas brasileiras no projeto DEVISO (Developing Countries and ISO 14000. A análise qualitativa, por sua vez, utilizou como mecanismo para coleta de dados a técnica de entrevista pessoal a Gerentes do Sistema de Gestão Ambiental de duas empresas participantes do projeto. A análise quantitativa fundamentou-se na análise fatorial (Análise de Componentes Principais - PCA e na comparação entre médias dos fatores resultantes por meio do teste t de médias emparelhadas. Esta análise possibilitou elaborar uma hierarquia para o desempenho destes fatores quando comparados a um limite máximo. Posteriormente, os fatores identificados foram aprofundados em dois casos. Os fatores identificados para os processos de operação foram: Gerenciamento Ambiental, Fornecedores, Reciclagem e Cooperação. Para o desempenho das operações resultaram os fatores Imagem, Cumprimento de Padrões, Resíduos Tóxicos e Uso Eficiente.The aim of this work was to analyze the operational results achieved for ISO 14001 certificated Brazilian companies. In order to achieve this objective, the factors related to the operation process and the performance of operations according to the certification were identified. The research method integrated qualitative and quantitative analyses. The quantitative step was based on the analysis of the database created by the DEVISO project (Developing Countries and ISO 14000. The qualitative analysis was

  2. Implantación de un sistema integrado de calidad y medio ambiente según las normas ISO 9001 y 14001, a un servicio municipal de mantenimiento, limpieza y riego de jardines

    OpenAIRE

    GIMÉNEZ JIMÉNEZ, DANIEL

    2015-01-01

    [ES] El proyecto final de grado que se presenta, tiene como objeto el diseño y la implantación de un Sistema de Gestión Integrado de Calidad y Medio Ambiente para la empresa Vivers Centre Verd S.A, siguiendo las normas UNE-EN ISO 9001:2008 y la ISO 14001 de Calidad y Gestión Ambiental respectivamente, en un servicio de mantenimiento de jardinería y riego municipal. Este plan se llevará a cabo en los servicios que actualmente tiene la empresa adjudicados, en el que una vez realizado y diseñado...

  3. Evaluacion ambiental de la produccion del cultivo de tomate (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.), bajo condiciones protegidas en Las Palmas Gran Canaria, España, mediante la utilizacion de la metodologia del analisis del ciclo de vida (acv), 2007-2009

    OpenAIRE

    De León Cifuentes, Willian Erik

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo principal de esta tesis doctoral fue realizar una evaluación ambiental, efectuando una comparación de los invernaderos tipo parral y multitúnel y de tres tipos diferentes de sustratos utilizados en la producción de tomate bajo condiciones protegidas en las Palmas Gran Canaria. Para llevar a cabo esta cuantificación se utilizó la metodología del Análisis del Ciclo de Vida (ACV). Esta tesis esta estructurada en capítulos, en el primer capítulo, aparece la introducción, objetivos, el...

  4. A low cost method to produce a gaseous environment for the isolation of Helicobacter pylori Un método de bajo costo para producir el ambiente gaseoso para el aislamiento de Helicobacter pylori

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    Francisco Hernández

    1992-04-01

    Full Text Available A low cost method (LCM to produce a gaseous environment for the isolation of Helicobacter pylori, was compared with the standard Gas Park system. The LCM uses a carbonated antacid tablet, a plastic bag with tap water, a candle, and a wide-mouthed glass jar provided with a tight-fitting metalic screw cap and a rubber gasket. Antral gastric biopsies from 153 cases were incubated by duplicate on blood agar plates and treated with the two methods. In 95 cases the agent was isolated from both, and only from the standard method in 10 cases; the opposite condition was found in five cases, and 43 were negative. That difference is not significant (Pearson's X²= 93.25 p > 0,05Se comparó un método de bajo costo (MBC para producir el ambiente gaseoso para el aislamiento de Helicobacter pylori, con el sistema estándar de gas Pak. El MBC usa una tableta carbonata de antiácido, una bolsa plástica con agua, una candela y un frasco de vidrio con boca ancha, provisto de tapa metálica de rosca con empaque de hule. Las biopsias de antro de 153 pacientes se inocularon por duplicado en platos de agar sangre y se incubaron bajo los dos sistemas. En 195 casos el agente se aisló de ambos platos, y sólo del incubado bajo el método estándar en diez casos; la condición opuesta se presentó en cinco casos; 43 casos fueron negativos. Esa diferencia no es significativa (X² de Pearson = 93,25 p > 0,05

  5. ISO 21500

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández González, Javier

    2014-01-01

    [ANGLÈS] This project aims to study the UNE-ISO 21500:2012. The UNE-ISO 21500 provides a high level description of the concepts and processes that are considered to be good practice in project management. The principles and guidelines of the ISO 21500 standard is presented and the design process of a photovoltaic solar plant using the methodology ISO 21500 will be analyzed.

  6. Diseño e implantación de un sistema de gestión de la calidad y el medio ambiente certificables según ISO 9001:2000 e ISO 14001:2004

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    El siguiente proyecto consiste en el diseño de un sistema integrado de gestión de calidad y medioambiente certificable por las normas ISO 9001 e ISO 14001. Dicho sistema está diseñado para una lavandería/tintorería industrial situada en la provincia de Cádiz llamada lavandería HISPANIA.

  7. Propuesta de Implantación de un Sistema de Gestión Ambiental en un Matadero de ganado ovino y vacuno en Gaibiel, según la norma UNE-EN-ISO 14001:2004

    OpenAIRE

    MAS SILVESTRE, MARÍA ISABEL

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo del presente proyecto es la implantación y el mantenimiento de un Sistema de Gestión Ambiental en una empresa dedicada al sacrificio de ganado ovino y vacuno, Empresa ubicada en la municipio de Gaibiel, en la provincia de Castellón, siguiendo las directrices marcadas por la norma UNE-EN-ISO 14001:2004 ¿Sistemas de Gestión Ambiental. Especificaciones y directrices para su uso¿. El presente proyecto incluye el diseño y la elaboración de los documentos necesarios para ...

  8. Auditoría al sistema de gestión ambiental de una cementera para determinar los porcentajes de adecuación a la norma venezolana covenin - iso 14001:2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colmenárez, Alexis

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo consiste en la combinación de técnicas de evaluación propias de estudios ambientales con procedimientos de auditoría tradicionales, con el objetivo de auditar el Sistema de Gestión Ambiental (SGA de una empresa cementera venezolana llamada Cementos Carora C. A. siguiendo los lineamientos de la norma venezolana COVENIN ISO 14001:2005 para determinar los porcentajes de adecuación a la norma. Se escoge este sector por el impacto ambiental que produce.

  9. Un modelo de integración de sistemas tutoriales inteligentes y ambientes colaborativos de aprendizaje bajo el esquema de universidad virtual

    OpenAIRE

    JIMÉNEZ BUILES, JOVANI ALBERTO

    2001-01-01

    Resumen: En este trabajo se presentan las principales teorías en que se fundamenta el aprendizaje basado en los computadores. Luego hace una descripción de los Sistemas Tutoriales Inteligentes (Intelligent Tutoring Systems) y de los Ambientes Colaborativos de Aprendizaje (Computer Supported Collaborative Learning) para finalmente, proponer modelo que permita la integración de ambos. El modelo de integración propuesto permite al alumno recibir enseñanza en forma individualizada, tal como l...

  10. Environmental management in small mining enterprises: comparative analysis of three Brazilian cases through the lenses of ISO 14001 Gestão ambiental de pequenas mineradoras: análise comparativa de três casos brasileiros sob a ótica da norma ISO 14001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam de Oliveira Baumbach

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ISO 14001 is the world's most successful environmental management system (EMS standard. More than two hundred thousand organizations, mostly large corporations located in industrialized countries, have become ISO14001-certified, hoping to improve their environmental, operational and reputational aspects. Nonetheless, the adoption of ISO 14001 by small organizations is still uncommon. Accordingly, there has been a call for research on the particularities of small enterprises and their environmental management approaches. This article responds to this call, while analyzing the environmental challenges and EMSs of three small mining enterprises located in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Data was collected through the application of a questionnaire and an ISO14001-based checklist. The analysis revealed low levels of ISO 14001 implementation across the sample. The three companies met 8%, 46% and 56% of the checklist items. Findings from the questionnaire suggest that two companies adopt a predominantly reactive approach to dealing with environmental challenges. The other company seems more aligned with a pro-active strategy. All three companies are not sufficiently aware of their impacts on the environment: a fact that helps to explain the simplistic EMSs they currently have. The article concludes by highlighting the value of pursuing more sophisticated EMS for small mining companies.A norma voluntária de Sistema de Gestão Ambiental ISO 14001:2004 é pouco adotada entre pequenas empresas, apesar dos vários benefícios ambientais e operacionais que a norma pode trazer. Diversos autores têm incentivado pesquisas sobre as particularidades dessas organizações, de modo a identificar fatores que possam incentivá-las a aprimorar seus sistemas gerenciais. Esse trabalho contribui para essa demanda, ao analisar os desafios ambientais e os níveis de atendimento à ISO 140001:2004 de três empresas mineradoras de pequeno porte localizadas em Minas

  11. ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roque Leal Salcedo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El derecho internacional ambiental es un conocimiento de carácter transversal, que entre otras consideraciones refleja las preocupaciones de la sociedad por la implementación de un modelo de desarrollo sustentable para el respeto a las reglas del medio natural que garantizan la integridad y renovación de los sistemas naturales. El presente artículo enfoca esta visión a través del análisis de material documental revisado, entre ellos tratados internacionales que permiten distinguir el desarrollo del derecho internacional ambiental y el papel de Organización de las Naciones Unidas (ONU, en el propósito común del derecho individual y colectivo de disfrutar de una vida, un ambiente seguro, sano y ecológicamente equilibrado. En función a estas disertaciones las consideraciones finales exponen parte de la visión que ha estructurado la ONU y que representan un aporte considerable en el fomento de la conciencia mundial sobre la necesidad de establecer vínculos entre las naciones para el continuo desarrollo de esta rama del derecho.

  12. Comportamiento frente a corrosión bajo tensión en ambiente marino de armaduras de acero inoxidable dúplex

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Robles, José Jaime

    2015-01-01

    La utilización de barras corrugadas de acero inoxidable en estructuras de hormigón armado, se está mostrando como una alternativa con gran futuro en estructuras expuestas a ambientes muy agresivos o que requieran vidas en servicio muy elevadas. Estos aceros inoxidables cuentan con similares propiedades mecánicas que los aceros al carbono pero un comportamiento muy mejorado frente a la corrosión, especialmente frente a cloruros. Dentro de los aceros inoxidables, los del tipo dúplex tienen ...

  13. Implementació del manual de gestió integrat (qualitat, medi ambient, seguretat i salut laboral), segons UNE-EN-ISO:2008, UNEN-EN-ISO 14001:2004

    OpenAIRE

    Grau i Feliu, Jordi

    2014-01-01

    En la actual situación económica y en la situación de globalización de los mercados las pequeñas diferencias entre organizaciones empresariales hacen tener mucha más ventaja y más competitividad en el sector servicios que es el que trataremos en el proyecto. Este trabajo, es un ejemplo real de una implantación de un sistema de Gestión basado en los requisitos UNE-EN ISO 9001:2008 y UNE-EN ISO 14001:2004, que conlleva a la estandarización básica de procesos internos y externos e...

  14. Desarrollo de la documentación para la futura implantación del Sistema de Gestión Ambiental según la Norma ISO 14001:2004 en la empresa Consultora Medioambiental S.L.

    OpenAIRE

    Vela, Sara

    2012-01-01

    La elección del Proyecto Fin de Máster es el desarrollo de la documentación para la futura implantación del Sistema de Gestión Ambiental según la Norma ISO 14001:2004 en la empresa Consultora Medioambiental S.L. donde actualmente desarrollo mi trabajo profesional. Por tanto la elaboración de mi Proyecto Fin de Master (PFM) contará con algunos de los documentos exigidos por la norma pero no incluirá todos los necesarios para la completa implantación, debido a la extensión exigida en dicho Proy...

  15. Corrosión atmosférica del acero bajo en carbono en un ambiente marino polar. Estudio del efecto del régimen de vientos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivero, S.

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The present work studies the atmospheric corrosion of carbon steel (UNE-EN 10130 in a sub-polar marine environment (Artigas Antarctic Scientific Base (BCAA, Uruguay as a function of site atmospheric salinity and exposure time. A linear relationship is established between corrosion rate and airborne salinity deposition rate, valid in the deposition range encountered (125-225 mg Cl/m2•d, and a bilogarithmic relationship is established between corrosion and exposure time (1-4 years. Atmospheric salinity is related with the monthly wind speed average, based on the concept of the wind run. Chloride ion deposition rates of less than 300 mg Cl/m2•d are related with remote (oceanic winds and coastal winds basically of speeds between 1-40 km/h, while higher deposition rates (300-700 mg Cl/m2•d correspond to coastal marine winds of a certain persistence with speeds of between 41-80 km/h.

    En el trabajo se estudia la corrosión atmosférica del acero al carbono (UNE-EN 10130 en un ambiente marino polar (Base Científica Antártica Artigas (BCAA, Uruguay, en función de la salinidad atmosférica del lugar y del tiempo de exposición. Se establece una relación lineal entre corrosión en el primer año de exposición atmosférica y velocidad de deposición de salinidad en el intervalo de salinidades medias encontrado (125-225 mg Cl/m2•d, así como una relación bilogarítmica entre corrosión y tiempo de exposición (1-4 años. Se relaciona la salinidad atmosférica con la velocidad media mensual del viento y su dirección característica, a partir del concepto de recorrido del viento. Velocidades de depósito de iones cloruro inferiores a 300 mg Cl/m2•d se deben a vientos lejanos oceánicos y vientos costeros con velocidades, fundamentalmente, en el intervalo 1-40 km/h, en tanto que velocidades de depósito superiores

  16. Melhoria contínua no ambiente ISO 9001:2000: estudo de caso em duas empresas do setor automobilístico Continuous improvement in ISO 9001:2000 enviroment: case study in two companies of automotive sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Valio Dominguez Gonzalez

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo avalia como duas empresas certificadas pela norma ISO 9001:2000, fornecedoras do setor automobilístico, realizam atividades de melhoria contínua em seus sistemas produtivos. É evidente que diferentes empresas apresentam diferenças quanto à condução de programas de melhoria contínua, e ainda, a motivação para a certificação neste sistema da qualidade também influi na amplitude e constância da melhoria dos processos. Nesse sentido, o artigo analisa como as organizações pesquisadas desenvolvem e estruturam internamente a melhoria contínua, enfatizando a organização do setor produtivo, o modelo de gestão e os principais programas e ferramentas utilizados.This article evaluate how two companies certified by the norm ISO 9001:2000, supplier of the automotive sector, accomplish continuous improvement activities in its productive processes. It is obvious that the different industrials environments, presented by the companies in particular, shows differences in relation to the conduction of the continuous improvement programs, and also, the stimulus to get the certification in this quality system which also inspires in the amplitude and constancy of the processes improvement. At this way, the article analyses how the researched organizations develop and organize internally the continuous improvement, emphasizing the production organization, improvement management model and programs and techniques used to these activities.

  17. Metodología para implementar un modelo de gestión ambiental en productos alimenticios Doria S.A.S.

    OpenAIRE

    Duque Martínez, Loren Tatiana; Hernández Plata, Carlos Guillermo

    2014-01-01

    Este documento presenta la metodología se diseñó con el propósito de implementar un modelo de gestión ambiental que permita ser guía a las organizaciones que tengan la intención de asegurar su cumplimiento legal ambiental aplicable, y mejorar y gestionar su desempeño ambiental basado en el directrices de la NTC ISO 14001/2004 y bajo estándares ambientales de clase mundial como los adoptados por Grupo Nutresa, entre los cuales está la incorporación del Global Reporting Inicitive (GRI) como guí...

  18. Implantação de sistemas de gestão ambiental ISO 14001: uma contribuição da área de gestão de pessoas Implantation of environmental management systems iso 14001: a contribution of the personnel management area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otávio José de Oliveira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Os sistemas certificáveis de gestão ambiental, como a norma ISO 14001, têm sido uma opção cada vez mais utilizada pelas organizações para equacionarem suas demandas ambientais, padronizarem seu processo produtivo, reduzirem custos de produção e melhorarem sua imagem. Entretanto, seu processo de implantação em indústrias gera mudanças significativas na cultura e estrutura destas empresas e devem ser devidamente consideradas por gestores e consultores. Pelo exposto, o principal objetivo deste artigo é apresentar práticas, sistematizadas à luz da teoria com especial contribuição da área de gestão de pessoas e com base em dois estudos de caso, para implantação de sistemas de gestão ambiental ISO 14001 em empresas industriais. Para tanto, foram realizados dois estudos de caso: um em uma empresa de baterias automotivas e outro em uma empresa moveleira. Os dados foram coletados a partir de entrevistas semiestruturadas com os gestores diretamente responsáveis por estes sistemas e com colaboradores-chave, observação in loco e análise de documentos. Ao final do artigo são apresentadas sugestões de práticas relacionadas aos seguintes elementos: alta direção, gestão de pessoas, comitê de gestão ambiental, missão e políticas, treinamento e comunicação.Certifiable environmental management systems such as ISO 14001 have been an option increasingly used by organizations to review their environmental responsibilities, standardize production processes, reduce costs and improve their image. However, its implementation in industries generates significant changes in culture and structure and needs to be seriously considered by managers and consultants. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to propose practical strategies - in the light of theory and based on two case studies - for the implementation of environmental management systems based on ISO 14001 in industrial enterprises. Thus, we performed two case studies

  19. ISO 9000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The European Community has adopted the Single European Act. The act states that in order to do business in Europe after 1992, a supplied is expected to be ISO 9000 registered. This paper reports on ISO 9000, which is a systematic approach to implementing a quality system. It is not in the category of technical or product standards, but a standard relating to management of quality in that sector of a company seeking registration. If a company is already systematically practicing quality improvement, these efforts will be applicable to the ISO 9000 certification process. A company will need to refine and update procedures and develop a quality manual. An internal auditing and a corrective action system will also have to be established. The latter addresses audit results, customer complaints, quality system problems, and internal quality improvement suggestions

  20. ISO 14001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Tine Herreborg

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss a number of issues related to ISO 14001, the international standard for environmental management systems (EMS). The standard is a process standard that leaves room for interpretation at company level as well as among lead auditors from certifying bodies. The...... paper questions whether the interpretation of the standard is uniform both at national and international levels. The paper also suggests changes of ISO 14001 in order to formulate more clear demands of environmental improvements, to include demand for publication of an environmental report and to...... include product focus more clearly. Secondly the paper briefly presents a cases study of four companies in the automotive industry in South Africa, related to the discussions of ISO 14001 and compliance with environmental regulation....

  1. Declaración ambiental según ISO 14025: una oportunidad para informar de los aspectos ambientales de los servicios de gestión de residuos

    OpenAIRE

    Bovea Edo, María Dolores; Carlos Alberola, María del Mar; Antonio GALLARDO IZQUIERDO; Colomer Mendoza, Francisco José

    2009-01-01

    Type III Environmental Declarations as set out by standard UNE-ISO 14025 (2007) are a voluntary instrument that organizations can use to foster the demand for and supply of systems that have a lower impact on the environment. They are based on an independent verification of Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) data corresponding to the system under study. As a result, a series of environmental indicators are made public for various impact categories (climate change, ozone...

  2. As Escalas Geográficas da Certificação ISO 14001: um panorama da gestão ambiental empresarial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Elias Pessoa Gutierres

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Environmental certification, especially ISO 14001, demonstrates the existence of internal and external factors for improving the environmental performance of companies. Thus, this article aims to present a current overview of ISO 14001 certification at different scales of analysis (global, national, regional and state, seeking its territoriality by considering factors of location, extent and connection. The following procedures were adopted: a survey of the theoretical reference, the acquisition of data from the ISO (International Organization for Standardization and INMETRO (National Institute of Metrology, Standardization and Industrial Quality on the quantity of companies certified by ISO 14001. After organizing the data, there was systematization through tables via spreadsheet, presentation and finalization of graphs and data analysis relating to the Human Development Index (HDI and Gross Domestic Product (GDP. It is understood that most of these certificates is concentrated in developed countries, where the headquarters of large companies are located. Considering the Brazilian reality, the ratio (number of certifications, GDP and HDI by state was not so obvious, since there are states with lower GDP and HDI, but with higher certificates compared to some states that are better positioned socio-economically. This feature has to do with economic aspects of the companies that have a strong influence on the occurrence of these certificates. Therefore, we present a spatially uneven reality where the environmental certification is not always related to the local reality, being a requirement of external factors, such as a continuing relation with customers and suppliers who hold environmental certification. Therefore, it is something external acting in local reality.

  3. Análisis del impacto ambiental asociado a los materiales de construcción empleados en las viviendas de bajo coste del programa 10 x10 Con Techo-Chiapas del CYTED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuchí Burgos, Albert

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present work is the analysis of the environmental impact of the construction materials used in the building of ten low cost houses constructed within the Program 10x10 With Roof- Chiapas, propose by the investigators of the Ibero- American Program of Science and Technology for Development (CYTED, to verify if these technological proposals of roof are environmentally more sustainable than the constructive system of the roof most demanded in the central region of Chiapas. With the support of the environmental information provided in the database BEDEC PR/PCT of the Institute of the Construction of Catalonia (ITeC, and following the methodological pattern applied in the analysis of the environmental impact of the constructive materials in Lanzarote’s island, there has been evaluated every constructive product of the above mentioned housings along their life cycle assessment (LCA, with the purpose of specifying the interaction of the products with the environment: the energy cost and emissions of CO2. The obtained results show us that the technologies which material bases are the common brick and mortar, the concrete and the ferrocemento do not represent a signifi cant saving in the employment of the quantities of materials in the roofs of arid, cement, steel and water, and in consequence, prove with similar environmental impacts to the reference housing. Using quantities of energy and generating emissions of CO2 higher to the resultants in the construction of the roofs with wooden structures and ceramic tiles.El objetivo del presente trabajo es el análisis del impacto ambiental de los materiales de construcción utilizados en la edifi cación de las diez viviendas de bajo coste construidas dentro del Programa 10x10 Con Techo-Chiapas, propuestas por los investigadores del Programa Iberoamericano de Ciencia y Tecnología para el Desarrollo (CYTED, para verifi car si estas propuestas tecnológicas de techumbres son

  4. Plan de implantación de un Sistema de Gestión Medioambiental en base a la norma ISO 14001:2004 en el IES Alto Palancia.

    OpenAIRE

    SANAHUJA MOROS, FRANCISCO

    2015-01-01

    Desarrollo de un Sistema de Gestión Medioambiental bajo las directrices de la norma internacional ISO 14001:2004 para el Instituto de Educación Secundaria Alto Palancia de Segorbe. En este TFG se desarrollan los requisitos necesarios para implantar un sistema de gestión ambiental que le permita al instituto desarrollar e implementar una política y unos objetivos que tengan en cuenta los requisitos legales y la información sobre los aspectos ambientales significativos. Con es...

  5. ISO27001 / ISO27002 a pocket guide

    CERN Document Server

    Calder, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Information is one of your organisation's most important resources. Keeping it secure is therefore vital to your business. This handy pocket guide is an essential overview of two key information security standards that cover the formal requirements (ISO27001:2013) for creating an Information Security Management System (ISMS), and the best-practice recommendations (ISO27002:2013) for those responsible for initiating, implementing or maintaining it.

  6. Diseño e implantación de un sistema integrado de gestión de calidad y medio ambiente (ISO 9001:2000 e ISO 14001:2004) en la empresa control de calidad Tedecom, S.L.

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    El presente proyecto tiene como objeto el diseño e implantación de un Sistema de Gestión Integrado de Calidad y Medioambiente para la empresa Control de Calidad Tedecom S.L., basándose en las normas ISO 9001:2000 e ISO 14000:2004, así como la obtención de la certificación por parte de una entidad acreditativa.

  7. Evaluation of the ORYZA2000 Rice Growth Model under Nitrogen-Limited Conditions in an Irrigated Mediterranean Environment Evaluación del Modelo de Crecimiento de Arroz ORYZA2000 bajo Condiciones Limitadas de Nitrógeno en un Ambiente Mediterráneo Regado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Artacho

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available ORYZA2000 is a growth model for tropical lowland rice ( Oryza sativa L. developed by the International Rice Research Institute and Wageningen University. This model has been evaluated extensively in a wide range of environments. However, reports examining japonica cultivars growing in temperate climates are scarce. In this study, ORYZA2000 was calibrated and evaluated using data from experiments carried out in the South-Central area of Chile. These experiments were performed on a japonica rice cultivar growing under an irrigated Mediterranean environment at various N rates. ORYZA2000 was then applied to explore potential yield and grain yield response to N fertilization under likely weather conditions in the major rice-producing area in Chile. ORYZA2000 was sufficiently accurate to simulate grain yield and crop N uptake at the end of the season. Final crop N uptake was simulated with a root mean squared error (RMSE of 20 kg ha-1 (15% and grain yield with a RMSE of 1666 kg ha-1 (19%. However, the prediction of biomass and N uptake of individual organs throughout the season was poor. A long-term simulation study confirmed a potential yield as high as 12 000 kg ha-1 in the Parral area, as well as the existence of a scope for yield increase. The yield response to N fertilization was predicted even at rates of 300 kg ha-1, although a significant probability of low yields was also observed. This trend supports the need to incorporate dynamic N management in Chilean rice production.ORYZA2000 es un modelo para arroz tropical regado desarrollado por el Instituto Internacional de Investigación en Arroz y Universidad de Wageningen, que ha sido evaluado en un amplio rango de ambientes. Sin embargo, los reportes para cultivares japónica creciendo en ambientes templados son escasos. En este estudio, ORYZA2000 fue calibrado y evaluado usando datos de experimentos realizados en el centro-sur de Chile, que incluyeron una variedad japónica cultivada bajo un

  8. Utilización del Análisis del ciclo de vida en la evaluación del impacto ambiental del cultivo bajo invernadero mediterráneo

    OpenAIRE

    Antón Vallejo, Ma Asunción

    2004-01-01

    L'objectiu principal d'aquesta tesi és la identificació i quantificació de les càrregues ambientals associades al cultiu de tomàquet sota hivernacle. Per a dur a terme aquesta quantificació s'utilitza la metodologia de l'Anàlisi del Cicle de Vida (ACV). El treball s'ha estructurat en set capítols.Els tres primers tenen un caràcter introductori. En el capítol 1 es revisen els antecedents i s'especifiquen els objectius. En el capítol 2 es fa una breu ressenya històrica de l'ús dels hivernacles ...

  9. Túnel bajo el agua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stamhuis, E.

    1964-03-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the results obtained by the Dutch Central Institute of Scientific Research when studying the problem of underwater tunnels. This Institute has sought to establish general specifications for the design of this type of tunnels, so that they shall be more efficient than those at present in use. Firstly, a study was made of the strength, waterproof qualities, and most rational type of ventilation, with a view to drawing up of general principles on this aspect of the design. An analysis is given of the shape, suitable cross sections and constructive methods, and these are compared with those adopted in the construction of underwater tunnels at present in use in America. Particular attention has been given to designs which are largely based on prefabrication and the use of factory made structural parts, and also on the transport and erection of these at the site. The author goes on to discuss the interplay of soil and water pressures, buoyancy forces, and cases in which the tunnel is subjected to important bending and shear forces on particular sections of it. In this connection care is taken to give the theoretical considerations a ready practical interpretation. In particular, a description is given of special distance pieces which connect the two tubes making up a tunnel, also the system of joining two sections of the tube, and the measure of watertightness and flexibility which such joints provide. Finally, a summary is given of the theoretical foundations, as well as a number of observations and items of advise, which are applicable to these types of structures.El ingeniero A. Eggink describió, en un trabajo publicado últimamente, un nuevo tipo de túnel bajo el agua para canalizar la circulación rodada. En este trabajo se desarrolla un análisis sobre las consideraciones que han jugado un papel predominante en la redacción del proyecto de ejecución de un túnel subacuo. Acompañan al trabajo los resultados referentes

  10. Rehabilitación de edificios bajo objetivos de reducción de impacto ambiental: un caso piloto de vivienda plurifamiliar en el área de Playa de Palma, Mallorca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wadel, G.

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This article presents briefly the work Pilot study to reduce environmental impact: evaluation and assessment of a sustainable refurbishment of an existing residential building in Playa de Palma carried out by the Consortium of Palma Beach. It will be explained by how the environmental impacts of the building can be reduced by 50% or more as a result of future refurbishment and subsequent management, referring to both its current situation and refurbishment standards in residential buildings. It also includes an approximated evaluation of the CO2 emission reduction achieved in the building life cycle and the projected costs for the various actions of the refurbishment model proposed by the Consortium, to be carried out in other renovation operations in Palma Beach.

    Este artículo resume el estudio Experiencia piloto para la reducción del impacto ambiental: evaluación y asesoramiento a la rehabilitación sostenible de un edificio de viviendas existente en Playa de Palma realizado para el Consorci de Platja de Palma. Se explica a través de qué medidas es posible reducir en un 50% o más los impactos ambientales del edificio como producto de su futura rehabilitación y posterior gestión respecto tanto de su situación actual como de los estándares de rehabilitación al uso en edificios de vivienda. Asimismo, se incluye también una aproximación a las reducciones de emisiones de CO2 que se consiguen en el ciclo de vida del edificio y a los costes previstos para las distintas actuaciones del modelo de rehabilitación que el citado consorcio propone para las operaciones de rehabilitación a llevarse adelante en Playa de Palma.

  11. Evaluation of criteria of environmental fitness for popular houses of the low income sector to arid regions in Mexicali, Baja California; Evaluacion de criterios de adecuacion ambiental para la vivienda popular de sectores de bajos ingresos al clima calido extremo de Mexicali, B.C.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corral Martinez, Maria [Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Mexicali, Baja California (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    The main purpose of this work is to present the impact on minimizing thermal loads, the traditional bioclimatic criteria commonly utilized on low income housing types in Mexicali, B.C., Mexico by showing the results of dynamic thermal evaluation based in the DOE 2.1e software as well as its technical description, with the purpose of providing recommendations for low income popular houses on arid regions, due to the high reduction percentages that can be obtained during summertime. Therefore, having the data obtained from the field as a starting point, the thermal problematic in popular housing is detected. A properties is chosen from a representative range of government supported housing types named progressive housing which are offered an financially available to the large low income popular sector in order to determine the thermal environmental function using the DOE 2.1e software and a gnomon analysis. To conclude evaluations showed that by integrating and applying traditional thermal and environmental strategies that are commonly used in this region, it is possible to reduce as much 50% of the annual cooling internal load, enhancing thermal comfort conditions in natural bioclimatic way. [Spanish] El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar el impacto en la reduccion de la carga interna de enfriamiento, de los criterios de adecuacion ambiental que tradicionalmente se aplican en la vivienda de Mexicali, B.C., Mexico presentando los resultados de una evaluacion termica en estado dinamico con el programa DOE 2.1e y la descripcion tecnica de las mismas, con el proposito de hacer recomendaciones para la vivienda popular de bajos ingresos en zonas aridas. Para ello a partir de informacion de campo se detecta la existencia de problema termico en la vivienda popular. Se revisa un prototipo representativo de los programas oficiales de vivienda ofrecido a los sectores populares denominado vivienda progresiva, a fin de establecer el grado de adecuacion termico ambiental con el

  12. ISO radiation sterilization standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation provides an overview of the current status of the ISO radiation sterilization standards. The ISO standards are voluntary standards which detail both the validation and routine control of the sterilization process. ISO 11137 was approved in 1994 and published in 1995. When reviewing the standard you will note that less than 20% of the standard is devoted to requirements and the remainder is guidance on how to comply with the requirements. Future standards developments in radiation sterilization are being focused on providing additional guidance. The guidance that is currently provided in informative annexes of ISO 11137 includes: device/packaging materials, dose setting methods, and dosimeters and dose measurement, currently, there are four Technical Reports being developed to provide additional guidance: 1. AAMI Draft TIR, 'Radiation Sterilization Material Qualification' 2. ISO TR 13409-1996, 'Sterilization of health care products - Radiation sterilization - Substantiation of 25 kGy as a sterilization dose for small or infrequent production batches' 3. ISO Draft TR, 'Sterilization of health care products - Radiation sterilization Selection of a sterilization dose for a single production batch' 4. ISO Draft TR, 'Sterilization of health care products - Radiation sterilization-Product Families, Plans for Sampling and Frequency of Dose Audits'

  13. SISTEMA DE GESTÃO AMBIENTAL NA PRODUÇÃO DE ALIMENTO S E VANTAGENS DA CERTIFICAÇÃO ISO 14001: UMA REVISÃO DA LITERATURA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Martins Rocha

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the central concern in the world’s mind is the "environmental issue", which similarly to profitability, became a functional issue to be accepted by all. Environmental management and ISO certification have become important factors in the culture of companies and even indicators of how these companies are committed to the environment, promote sustainability and have a strategic organizational capacity to win the extreme competitive market. This paper is an overview of the consequences and the way an ISO 14001 certification has become a benefit and a value. The paper also shows why food production sector should associate environmental management to its product quality while guaranteeing no harm to the environment.

  14. SISTEMA DE GESTÃO AMBIENTAL NA PRODUÇÃO DE ALIMENTO S E VANTAGENS DA CERTIFICAÇÃO ISO 14001: UMA REVISÃO DA LITERATURA.

    OpenAIRE

    Tatiana Martins Rocha; Stella Regina Reis da Costa

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays the central concern in the world’s mind is the "environmental issue", which similarly to profitability, became a functional issue to be accepted by all. Environmental management and ISO certification have become important factors in the culture of companies and even indicators of how these companies are committed to the environment, promote sustainability and have a strategic organizational capacity to win the extreme competitive market. This paper is an overview of the consequences ...

  15. ISO 9.001 e ISO 14.001: Creación, implantación y certificación de un Sistema de Gestión de la Calidad y Medio Ambiente en una oficina técnica de arquitectura e ingeniería de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    PARRA NAVARRO, CARLOS

    2014-01-01

    Este proyecto trata de mi primera experiencia laboral en una PYME Valenciana (un despacho de arquitectura e ingeniería) y mis labores como responsable de Calidad y Medio Ambiente de la empresa. A lo largo de casi diez meses mi labor principal ha consistido en la creación de un Sistema de Gestión de la Calidad y Medio Ambiente (SGCMA), la implantación y la certificación del mismo, el cuál es el objeto del proyecto. Tras una breve introducción en el proyecto establezco una base d...

  16. Manufacturing and ISO 9000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on ISO 9000 or ANSI Q 90 which is here and American manufacturing is now behind the rest of our counterparts. As people have had to change to metric system, so shall this change occur, if the manufacturing in the U.S. wants to participate in the global market

  17. CULTIVOS BAJO CUBIERTA EN EL SURESTE DE ESPAÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Encarnación Gil Meseguer

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En España, más de 62.000 ha regadas se cultivan en ambiente controlado, bajo determinadas cubiertas. Dos tercios se localizan en Andalucía, y más de la cuarta parte, en el Sureste de la Península Ibérica. En el espacio surestino, delimitado por la coincidencia de las isolíneas climáticas (isoyeta de los 400 mm anuales e isoterma de 16ºC de TMA y la línea de costa mediterránea entre Almería y Alicante, sobresalen una serie de estructuras con cubiertas de plásticos y mallas para la producción de cultivos intensivos en las comarcas del Levante Almeriense-Bajo Almanzora, Lorca y Valle Guadalentín, Campo de Cartagena-Mar Menor, Meridional de Alicante-Vega Baja, etc. Los avances tecnológicos aplicados al riego y al ciclo natural de la planta, se incorporan al cultivo forzado bajo cubierta, logrando modificar el ciclo de cultivo, con una amplitud en los calendarios para presentar el producto en los momentos de mayor demanda. El interés de esta agricultura intensiva de invernaderos, mallas y acolchados radica en su mayor productividad, empleo y precio final del producto.

  18. The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helou, George; Kessler, Martin F.

    1995-01-01

    ISO, scheduled to launch in 1995, will carry into orbit the most sophisticated infrared observatory of the decade. Overviews of the mission, instrument payload and scientific program are given, along with a comparison of the strengths of ISO and SOFIA.

  19. Viviendas de muy bajo coste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lemus, V.

    1982-11-01

    Full Text Available Not available.En el Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, se está desarrollando un área de investigación sobre tecnología de materiales y tecnología de sistemas constructivos, la cual está integrada por diversos proyectos encaminados a solucionar problemas relativos a la vivienda. El presente trabajo consiste en el desarrollo de materiales compuestos a base de desechos agrícolas e industriales, con características tales como baja densidad, resistencia adecuada, excelentes propiedades térmicas y acústicas y, fundamentalmente, bajo costo y gran disponibilidad. Los resultados obtenidos son bastante alentadores debido a la durabilidad y resistencia mecánica obtenidos a base del tratamiento proporcionado a la materia orgánica. Se comentan las aplicaciones actuales y futuras de estos nuevos materiales.

  20. ISO CD 14492

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martins, Bo; Kossentini, F.; Arps, R.;

    1998-01-01

    This Recommendation | International Standard, informally called JBIG2, defines a coding method for bilevel images, that is, images consisting of a single rectangular bit plane, with each pixel taking on one of just two possible colors. Itis being drafted by the Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group ...... (JBIG), a "Collaborative team" that reports both to ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG1 and to ITU-T/SG8....

  1. ISO: Isochrone construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dotter, Aaron

    2016-01-01

    ISO transforms MESA history files into a uniform basis for interpolation and then constructs new stellar evolution tracks and isochrones from that basis. It is written in Fortran and requires MESA (ascl:1010.083), primarily for interpolation. Though designed to ingest MESA star history files, tracks from other stellar evolution codes can be incorporated by loading the tracks into the data structures used in the codes.

  2. Program integration at JVC Industrial de Mexico, S.A. de C.V./Electric energy saving/Environmental management system /ISO 14001 standard; Integracion de programas en JVC Industrial de Mexico, S.A. de C.V. Ahorro de energia electrica/Sistema de administracion ambiental/Estandar ISO 14001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Argote Molina, Martin [JVC Industrial de Mexico S. A. de C. V., Tijuana (Mexico)

    1998-12-31

    It is possible, and besides logic, the integration of programs such as the electric energy saving and an environmental management system. In managing the consumption and the demand of the electric service, there is an effect on the pollutants emitted for the generation. It is clear that the user in not, and can not be, responsible for the type of fuel used but its importance in project planning is out of question. In its turn the central point of the environmental management system, consists in identifying the main effects on the environment caused by its activities, services and products, as well as the current or potential control level of the enterprise on them. Such identification and further evaluation took us at JVC Industrial de Mexico, to integrate conceptually and operationally such programs. The commitment with the Management was concentrated and strengthened resulting in a fuller consciousness of resource administration. [Espanol] Es posible, ademas de logica, la integracion de programas tales como el ahorro de energia electrica y un sistema de administracion ambiental. Al administrar el consumo y la demanda del servicio electrico tenemos un efecto en los contaminantes emitidos para la generacion. Es claro que el usuario no es, ni puede ser, responsable del tipo de combustible utilizado pero su importancia en la planeacion de proyectos es indiscutible. A su vez el punto central del sistema de administracion ambiental, consiste en identificar los principales efectos en el medio ambiente causados por sus actividades, servicios o productos, asi como el nivel de control actual o potencial de la empresa sobre ellos. Dicha identificacion y la posterior evaluacion nos llevo, en JVC Industrial de Mexico, a integrar tanto conceptual como operacionalmente dichos programas. El compromiso de la Gerencia se vio concentrado y fortalecido dando como resultado una conciencia mas plena de la administracion de recursos.

  3. ISO 9001 and ISO 17025 standards in a metrology laboratory

    OpenAIRE

    Barradas, José; Sampaio, Paulo

    2011-01-01

    In the last decade, the number of companies with quality certification has increased in most countries. According to the ISO 9001 standard all the certified companies should calibrate their measuring equipment. By doing so, companies can guarantee, with rigor and quality, its measurement and use reliable data for monitoring the quality of its products and its improvement. However, a metrology laboratory is not required to hold an ISO 9001 certification or ISO 17025 accreditation. In this m...

  4. MURGO FARMS INC.: HACCP, ISO 9000, AND ISO 14000

    OpenAIRE

    Sparling, David; Lee, Jonathon; Howard, Wayne H.

    2001-01-01

    Murgo Farms Inc., addresses the challenges of choosing between the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP), International Organization of Standardization (ISO) 9000, and ISO 14000 systems for a business with grain farming, elevator and spraying enterprises. Murgo has recently entered markets that are more quality oriented and wishes to expand its activities in those markets. The President wonders whether HACCP or ISO 9000 might help that expansion. However, the company is also faced wi...

  5. USGIN ISO metadata profile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard, S. M.

    2011-12-01

    The USGIN project has drafted and is using a specification for use of ISO 19115/19/39 metadata, recommendations for simple metadata content, and a proposal for a URI scheme to identify resources using resolvable http URI's(see http://lab.usgin.org/usgin-profiles). The principal target use case is a catalog in which resources can be registered and described by data providers for discovery by users. We are currently using the ESRI Geoportal (Open Source), with configuration files for the USGIN profile. The metadata offered by the catalog must provide sufficient content to guide search engines to locate requested resources, to describe the resource content, provenance, and quality so users can determine if the resource will serve for intended usage, and finally to enable human users and sofware clients to obtain or access the resource. In order to achieve an operational federated catalog system, provisions in the ISO specification must be restricted and usage clarified to reduce the heterogeneity of 'standard' metadata and service implementations such that a single client can search against different catalogs, and the metadata returned by catalogs can be parsed reliably to locate required information. Usage of the complex ISO 19139 XML schema allows for a great deal of structured metadata content, but the heterogenity in approaches to content encoding has hampered development of sophisticated client software that can take advantage of the rich metadata; the lack of such clients in turn reduces motivation for metadata producers to produce content-rich metadata. If the only significant use of the detailed, structured metadata is to format into text for people to read, then the detailed information could be put in free text elements and be just as useful. In order for complex metadata encoding and content to be useful, there must be clear and unambiguous conventions on the encoding that are utilized by the community that wishes to take advantage of advanced metadata

  6. ISO 9000 Quality Management System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadjicostas, Evsevios

    The ISO 9000 series describes a quality management system applicable to any organization. In this chapter we present the requirements of the standard in a way that is as close as possible to the needs of analytical laboratories. The sequence of the requirements follows that in the ISO 9001:2008 standard. In addition, the guidelines for performance improvement set out in the ISO 9004 are reviewed. Both standards should be used as a reference as well as the basis for further elaboration.

  7. ISO 21500 AND PMBOK COMPARISON

    OpenAIRE

    Dotsenko A.V.

    2013-01-01

    On 31st December 2012, the Project Management Institute (PMI) published the 5th edition of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBoK) Guide. A few months earlier, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) published a new standard, ISO 21500:2012, Guidance on Project Management. The two releases of the PMBoK Guide and ISO 21500 standard are very close. Detailed review of the differences and similarities between them are compiled.

  8. ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-08-12

    This powerful standard from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) provides an internationally recognized framework for organizations to voluntarily implement an energy management system.

  9. ISO 19152: 2012, Land Administration Domain Model published by ISO

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Oosterom, P.; Lemmen, C.; Uitermark, H.

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the last developments of the Land Administration Domain Model (LADM). The Final Draft International Standard, ISO FDIS 19152, unanimously passed on 1 November 2012 the final vote towards becoming an International Standard (IS). After technical editing by ISO secretariat in Genev

  10. The ISO Spacecraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ximenez de Ferrin, S.

    1995-11-01

    ESA's Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) consists of two modules: the Payload module, which includes the telescope and the scientific instruments, and the Service Module, which houses the instruments electronics, the hydrazine propellant tank and all other classical spacecraft subsystems. To ensure that the telescope is kept near absolute zero and thus is the least disturbed by the effects of the infrared emissions from other elements of the system, the telescope is enclosed in a helium-cooled cryostat. The cryostat in turn is shaded by a Sun-shield to protect it from the heat of the direct Sun. The shield has a covering of solar cells that provide the electrical power needed for the mission.

  11. Quality Assurance through ISO 9000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuckerman, Amy

    2000-01-01

    Created in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardization, in Geneva, Switzerland, ISO 9000 is attempting to develop a world standard to help companies and other institutions measure and monitor their quality-control efforts. This article describes four school districts' successful efforts to secure ISO 9000 certification. (MLH)

  12. ISO 9000: The Librarian's Role.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobson, Chris; Ernst, Carolyn

    1999-01-01

    Describes the special library's role in implementing ISO 9000 (i.e., a series of international quality-assurance standards developed by the International Organization of Standards). Topics discussed include document and data control, keeping the standards current, documentation of procedures, the ISO 9000 audit, and benefits for the library. (MES)

  13. CULTIVOS BAJO CUBIERTA EN EL SURESTE DE ESPAÑA

    OpenAIRE

    Encarnación Gil Meseguer; José María Gómez Espín

    2011-01-01

    En España, más de 62.000 ha regadas se cultivan en ambiente controlado, bajo determinadas cubiertas. Dos tercios se localizan en Andalucía, y más de la cuarta parte, en el Sureste de la Península Ibérica. En el espacio surestino, delimitado por la coincidencia de las isolíneas climáticas (isoyeta de los 400 mm anuales e isoterma de 16ºC de TMA) y la línea de costa mediterránea entre Almería y Alicante, sobresalen una serie de estructuras con cubiertas de plásticos y mallas para la producción ...

  14. Tuotannon prosessikuvaus : ISO 9001- sertifiointiin

    OpenAIRE

    Jutila, Mikael

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön toimeksiantajana on vaasalainen Adiabatix Oy. Yritys on aloittanut oman eristysmoduulien tuotannon, jolle tehdään auditointi ISO 9001- sertifiointia varten. Tehtävänä oli luoda tuotannon nykyinen prosessikuvaus sekä kehittää se täyttämään ISO 9001- standardin vaatimukset. Teoreettisena viitekehyksenä toimivat prosessikuvauksen perusteet (JUHTA, BMPN) sekä ISO 9001- standardi. JUHTA ja BMPN ovat prosessikuvauksen standardeja, jotka ovat yleisesti käytössä organisaatioissa sekä yr...

  15. Food service compliance with ISO 14001 and ISO 22000

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Lyra Santos; Rita de Cássia Coelho de Almeida Akutsu; Raquel Braz Assunção Botelho; Renata Puppin Zandonadi

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess food service environmental and food safety management systems according to two checklists based on ABNT ISO 22000 and 14001. METHODS: This exploratory and descriptive study investigated a-la-carte food services of the Federal District, Brazil. Two checklists were developed to investigate ISO 14001 and 22000 compliance. A total of 37 food services were selected from the list of the Brazilian Association of Bars and Restaurants by simple rand...

  16. DODANA VREDNOST ISO 14001 IN ISO 9001 STANDARDA V PODJETJU MONTANA D.O.O.

    OpenAIRE

    Žibret, Žiga

    2010-01-01

    V delu diplomskega seminarja sta obravnavana standarda serije ISO 14001 in ISO 9001, kakor tudi dodana vrednost ISO standarda v podjetju Montana d.o.o.. Namen dela je prikazati zgoraj omenjena ISO standarda in dokazati ali zavrniti dodano vrednost standardov v zgoraj omenjenem podjetju. Prvi del je namenjen predstavitvi ISO standardov 14001 in ISO 9001, kakor tudi uporabi le teh. Drugi del diplomskega dela je namenjen predstavitvi podjetja Montana d.o.o. in uporabi zgoraj omenjenih ISO standa...

  17. ISO 9001 certification forecasting models

    OpenAIRE

    Sampaio, Paulo; Saraiva, Pedro; Rodrigues, António Guimarães

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – ISO 9001 certification is nowadays considered to be one of the most effective tools that can be adopted for guiding the management of Quality Systems. The stunning growth observed by these standards all over the world confirms a strong polarization of enterprises’ interest in this practice. Owing to the wide incidence of this phenomenon, a deep investigation of ISO 9001 diffusion over time is of mandatory importance. The research here reported covers the development of s...

  18. Circuitos integrados reconfigurables de bajo consumo

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Mayo, Alvaro

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo principal del trabajo es el diseño, utilizando técnicas de bajo consumo, del algoritmo de cifrado estándar AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) y su implementación sobre dispositivos reconfigurables, en particular sobre una FPGA.

  19. Medio ambiente y responsabilidad social

    OpenAIRE

    Roa Buitrago, Rosa Isabel

    2012-01-01

    Las organizaciones, dentro de los procesos de responsabilidad social y con el fin de mejorar la calidad de vida de las comunidades que impactan, han optado por proteger y preservar el medio ambiente de acuerdo a ciertos protocolos y normas internacionales que generan una cultura al respecto. Este cuaderno de investigación aborda la norma ISO 26000, la cual asume el tema de la Responsabilidad Social Empresarial (RSE) en materia de medio ambiente y es una guía para ser implementada en las orga...

  20. THE ROLE OF ISO 9001: 2000 CONSULTANTS

    OpenAIRE

    Salleh Yahya

    2003-01-01

    The revision of ISO 9000 standards involving a paradigm shift from being quality assurance oriented to quality management oriented imply a change in their implementation approach. This paper chooses to focus on one of the often overlooked issues of ISO 9000 implementation – the role of the ISO 9000 consultant in the implementation process. Specifically, this research attempts to find out (i) the role of consultant in ISO 9000: 1994, (ii) the role of the consultant in ISO 9001: 2000, and (iii)...

  1. Environmental Management System ISO 14001

    CERN Document Server

    Haider, Syed

    2010-01-01

    This is a must-have tool for any company in the process of adopting and incorporating the ISO 14001:2004 requirements, this book and accompanying CD-ROM provides the latest updates and amendments and translates the ISO language into actionable strategy. Offering administrative solutions to managers of all sorts, it includes practical examples of policies with objectives, targets, and action plans applicable to any process related industry or an ordinary organization. With template formats and hands-on flow charts to describe step-by-step system development, documentation, and implementation ph

  2. ISO 14001: time for improvements?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Tine Herreborg

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss a number of issues related to ISO 14001:2004, the international standard for Environmental Management Systems (EMS) with the purpose of improving the next edition in order to recognise and reflect new recognitions in approaches to pollution prevention. A case...... study is presented and shows lack of life cycle thinking in product development. This paper suggests changes of ISO 14001:2004 in order to include a more product-oriented approach and a stronger focus on stakeholders. It also suggests to formulate clearer demands for targets and environmental...

  3. Food service compliance with ISO 14001 and ISO 22000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Lyra Santos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess food service environmental and food safety management systems according to two checklists based on ABNT ISO 22000 and 14001. METHODS: This exploratory and descriptive study investigated a-la-carte food services of the Federal District, Brazil. Two checklists were developed to investigate ISO 14001 and 22000 compliance. A total of 37 food services were selected from the list of the Brazilian Association of Bars and Restaurants by simple random sampling. Checklist results were analyzed according to ANVISA resolution nº 275/2002. RESULTS: Only five food services employed dietitians to supervise meal production. These establishments achieved the highest ISO compliance. However, no establishment had more than 50% ISO 14001 or 22000 compliance. Restaurants showed little concern for the environment and disobeyed waste disposal laws by not separating recyclables from non-recyclables. CONCLUSION: The study food services do not have safe meal production systems, evidenced by non-conformity with the reference standards. Additionally, they do not attempt to reduce the environmental impact of their wastes. Food services supervised by dietitians are better prepared to produce safe foods.

  4. Information security risk management for ISO27001/ISO27002

    CERN Document Server

    Calder, A; Watkins, S

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on international best practice, including ISO/IEC 27005, NIST SP800-30 and BS7799-3, the book explains in practical detail how to carry out an information security risk assessment. It covers key topics, such as risk scales, threats and vulnerabilities, selection of controls, and roles and responsibilities, and includes advice on choosing risk assessment software.

  5. Ambient Space and Ambient Sensation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Ulrik

    The ambient is the aesthetic production of the sensation of being surrounded. As a concept, 'ambient' is mostly used in relation to the music genre 'ambient music' and Brian Eno's idea of environmental background music. However, the production of ambient sensations must be regarded as a central...... aspect of the aesthetization of modern culture in general, from architecture, transport and urbanized lifeforms to film, sound art, installation art and digital environments. This presentation will discuss the key aspects of ambient aesthetization, including issues such as objectlessness...

  6. Our Application of ISO 9000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammond, Jane

    2000-01-01

    Since a large, underfunded urban Colorado district initiated ISO 9000 reforms, administrators and staff have reviewed 14 central-office departments' processes to improve efficiency and enhance student outcomes. Jefferson County has saved $900,000 annually on purchasing processes, developed a quality curriculum-development process, and improved…

  7. Financial benefits of an ISO 9001 certification

    OpenAIRE

    Ari Hróbjartsson 1983

    2012-01-01

    Several companies in Iceland have received ISO 9001 certification in recent years. It has been researched qualitatively whether there is a financial benefit from getting ISO 9001 certification in Iceland but it has never been researched quantitatively. In this research all ISO 9001 certified companies that were operating in a competitive market in Iceland were compared to similar companies in an effort to find out if there was a financial benefit from becoming ISO 9001 certified. The result o...

  8. ISO27001 in a Windows Environment

    CERN Document Server

    Honan, Brian

    2010-01-01

    Ideal for project managers, IT and security staff, this book plugs the gap in current guidance literature for ISO27001. ISO27001, the information security management standard (ISMS), is providing a significant challenge for many organisations. One of the key areas of confusion is the relationship between the ISO27001 ISMS project manager and those responsible for implementing the technical controls.

  9. Factores asociados al bajo peso al nacer

    OpenAIRE

    Georgina J Peraza Roque; Silvia de la C Pérez Delgado; Zoe de los A Figueroa Barreto

    2001-01-01

    El bajo peso al nacer (BPN) ha constituido un enigma en la ciencia a través de los tiempos. Múltiples son las investigaciones realizadas acerca de las causas que lo producen y las consecuencias que provoca. Su importancia no solo radica en lo que significa en la morbilidad y la mortalidad infantil, sino que estos niños tienen habitualmente múltiples problemas posteriores. El Programa para la Reducción del BPN señala que los niños nacidos con un peso inferior a los 2 500 g presentan riesgo de ...

  10. Det ambiente

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Ulrik

    Om begrebet "det ambiente", der beskriver, hvad der sker, når vi fornemmer baggrundsmusikkens diskrete beats, betragter udsigten gennem panoramavinduet eller tager 3D-brillerne på og læner os tilbage i biografsædet. Bogen analyserer, hvorfan ambiente oplevelser skabes, og hvilke konsekvenser det...

  11. Ambient Sensors

    OpenAIRE

    Börner, Dirk; Specht, Marcus

    2014-01-01

    This software sketches comprise two custom-built ambient sensors, i.e. a noise and a movement sensor. Both sensors measure an ambient value and process the values to a color gradient (green > yellow > red). The sensors were built using the Processing 1.5.1 development environment. Available under the GNU LGPL licence version 3 or higher.

  12. Ambient Sensors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Börner, Dirk; Specht, Marcus

    2014-01-01

    This software sketches comprise two custom-built ambient sensors, i.e. a noise and a movement sensor. Both sensors measure an ambient value and process the values to a color gradient (green > yellow > red). The sensors were built using the Processing 1.5.1 development environment. Available under th

  13. CAMBIOS EN LAS RESERVAS DE CARBONO ORGÁNICO DEL SUELO BAJO DIFERENTES COBERTURAS

    OpenAIRE

    José I. Bojórquez Serrano; Lucía A. Castillo Pacheco; Alberto Hernández Jiménez; Juan D. García Paredes; Alberto Madueño Molina

    2015-01-01

    Las reservas de carbono orgánico en los suelos (COS) y sus cambios en el tiempo son un tema ambiental de actualidad, asimismo las pérdidas de COS que ocurren con la conversión de ecosistemas naturales a agrosistemas, contribuyen con emisiones a la atmósfera, al calentamiento global y el cambio climático. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar los cambios en las reservas de COS bajo diferentes coberturas de la cuenca del río Mololoa, Nayarit, México. El análisis de los cambios se rea...

  14. Panorama de aplicação da norma ISO 14001 no Brasil An overview of the application of ISO 14001 in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe Ramalho Pombo; Alessandra Magrini

    2008-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo traçar um panorama de aplicação da norma ISO 14001:2004 no Brasil, de forma a apresentar informações importantes sobre o processo de certificação ambiental ao qual as empresas brasileiras têm se submetido. A certificação em conformidade com a norma ISO 14001:2004, nos dias atuais, é um requisito indispensável para as organizações que almejam atingir o mercado internacional. Porém, as empresas de pequeno porte encontram dificuldades em obter tal certificaç...

  15. Integrative Augmentation with the New ISO 10000 Standards1

    OpenAIRE

    Karapetrovic Stanislav

    2014-01-01

    Application and integration of the systems based on ISO 10001: 2007 and other new augmentative standards are discussed. Particular attention is paid to the quality management standards forming the front end of the ISO 10000 series, namely ISO 10001, ISO 10002 and ISO 10003, as well as ISO 19011, the standard which stems from the original augmentative ISO 10000 guideline, specifically ISO 10011 on quality auditing. The ability of these and other similar standards to augment the performance of ...

  16. Explanation and practice on ISO 9000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book reveals introduction on revision of ISO 9000:2000 with full account and contents of revision and change method change into ISO 9001:2000, the basic principle on ISO 9000:2000 and improvement and aim, definition on explanation, method for detail term, demand for ISO/KS A 9001:2000, quality management system development and transition way, standardization for quality management, manual of quality and making procedure and guide, case of quality manual and procedure and guide and ISO 9001:2000 / KS A 9001:2001 an English-Korean translation.

  17. ISO: highlights of recent results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metcalfe, L.; Salama, A.

    ESA's Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) mission, operating in the wavelength range from 2.5 to 240 microns, made over 26000 scientific observations during its 2.5 year operational lifetime. ISO's results broke new ground on all scales. New asteroid counts and improved asteroid thermophysical models augmented important advances in Solar System chemistry to comprise a striking body of results addressing our planetary system. In turn, parallels between the chemical composition of Solar System dust and dust around other stars revealed by the comparison of stellar spectra with cometary spectra, together with results on the incidence and stability of stellar disks, recall the birth of our Solar System and point to fundamental similarities with other star systems. Numerous important facts concerning the chemistry of the ISM have unfolded, such as the ubiquity of water and of the probably-organic carriers of the Unidentified Infrared Bands (UIBs). The large systematic body of data on galactic stars has permitted fascinating advances in the characterisation of important aspects of stellar evolution. Investigations of nearby normal galaxies complement template specimens of interacting galaxies. These in turn exemplify galaxy evolutionary processes in the early Universe associated with a huge burst of dust-obscured star formation at redshifts of just below one. This global surge of star formation has vital implications for the interpretation and explanation of major components of the Extragalactic Background Light (EBL) and for charting the global history of star formation and the relative importance of sources which derive their energy from accretion processes. Representative examples of key aspects of ISO's recent scientific output will be presented, once again affirming ISO's place at the forefront of successful space-borne astronomy missions.

  18. 75 FR 7581 - RTO/ISO Performance Metrics; Notice Requesting Comments on RTO/ISO Performance Metrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission RTO/ISO Performance Metrics; Notice Requesting Comments on RTO/ ISO..., work with regional transmission organizations (RTO), Independent System Operators (ISO), stakeholders and other experts to develop standardized measures that track the performance of RTO/ISO...

  19. Det Ambiente

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Ulrik

    Det ambiente er iscenesættelsen af en karakteristisk sanseoplevelse, der er kendetegnet ved fornemmelsen af at være omgivet. I dag bliver begrebet om det ambiente mest anvendt i forbindelse med musikgenren ’ambient musik’. Det ambiente er dog ikke essentielt knyttet til det musikalske, men må...... forstås som et betydeligt bredere fænomen i den moderne æstetiske kultur, der spiller en væsentlig rolle i oplevelsen af moderne transportformer, arkitektur, film, lydkunst, installationskunst og digitale multimedieiscenesættelser. En forståelse af det ambiente er derfor centralt for forståelsen af en...... moderne æstetiseret oplevelseskultur i almindelighed. Da det ambiente ikke hidtil har været gjort til genstand for en mere indgående teoretisk behandling, er der dog stor usikkerhed omkring, hvad fænomenet overhovedet indebærer. Hovedformålet med Det ambiente – Sansning, medialisering, omgivelse er derfor...

  20. Ambient Gestures

    OpenAIRE

    Karam, Maria; Hare, Jonathon; Lewis, Paul; schraefel, m.c.

    2006-01-01

    We present Ambient Gestures, a novel gesture-based system designed to support ubiquitous ‘in the environment’ interactions with everyday computing technology. Hand gestures and audio feedback allow users to control computer applications without reliance on a graphical user interface, and without having to switch from the context of a non-computer task to the context of the computer. The Ambient Gestures system is composed of a vision recognition software application, a set of gestures to be p...

  1. Planificación energética local bajo una evaluación integrada energía-ambiente-economía. caso de aplicación valle de aburra y canasta energética en distribución de energía de empresa publicas de medellín.

    OpenAIRE

    Vásquez, Juan D; Ricardo A. Smith; Cadena, Ángela I; Rave, Claudia C.

    2011-01-01

    Se lleva a cabo una valoración integrada económica, energética y ambiental de los diferentes proyectos de inversión en materia de expansión de distribución de energía (electricidad y gas natural). Se cuantifican y comparan costos asociados a EEPPM obtenidos de un proceso de optimización, consumos energéticos y emisiones de CO2 sobre el sistema en general. Esa investigación se apoya en el modelo MARKAL, basado en optimización con programación lineal y que se constituye en uno de los modelos En...

  2. A Systems Perspective on ISO 26000

    OpenAIRE

    Missimer, Merlina; Robèrt, Karl-Henrik; Broman, Göran

    2014-01-01

    Since its publication in 2010, ISO 26000 has become the de-facto standard of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). While not a certifiable standard in ISO terms, but rather a guidance document, it has become the document many corporations use as their basis for CSR work. ISO 26000 claims that the objective of social responsibility is to contribute to sustainable development, using the Brundtland definition – development, which meets the needs the present without compromising the ability of f...

  3. ISO 9001 certification : customer’s perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Matias, Diana; Sampaio, Paulo; Braga, A.C.

    2011-01-01

    Based on our own experience and on the literature review carried out the ISO 9001 research studies have mostly addressed certification issues from the companies point of view, namely companies certification motivations and benefits, benefits evolution over time, barriers to the quality management system implementation, evolution and diffusion of worldwide ISO 9001 certification, the impact on organizational and financial performance and the relation between ISO 9001 and Total Quality Manageme...

  4. Estudio de alternativas para el mejoramiento de la calidad del aire en el municipio de Itagüí, resultado de un análisis bajo el esquema de análisis Energía Ambiente Economía con el modelo MARKAL y la Evaluación de metas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BUILES JARAMILLO LUIS ALEJANDRO

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Enmarcado en una propuesta metodológica para la formulación de lineamientos de acción para el mejoramiento de la calidad del aire en el Municipio de Itagüí, se emplea un modelo de optimización multi-periodo, basado en programación lineal, del tipo Energía-Ambiente-Economía (MARKAL-estándar y una metodología de Evaluación de metas normativas, para el análisis prospectivo de alternativas integrales de intervención en los sectores industria, transporte y de apoyo para la evaluación de normativa territorial en el municipio de Itagüí. Los resultados ofrecen información e indicadores transversales a diferentes aspectos que configuran la problemática de la calidad del aire y aportan una herramienta útil para la integración de aspectos asociados al mejoramiento de la calidad del recurso en la planeación local. La metodología es replicable en otros municipios del Valle de Aburrá

  5. ISO/IEC 27001与ISO/IEC 27002标准的演变%Introduction of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27002

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宗晓; 王静漪

    2015-01-01

    We reorganized history of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27002 in chronological order, includingdevelopment process before becoming international standard and the process of adoption as Chinese standards.%本文按照时间顺序梳理了ISO/IEC 27001和ISO/IEC 27002的发展过程,其中包括这两个标准成为国际标准的开发过程以及被等同采用为我国国家标准的过程。

  6. ISO/IEC 27001与ISO/IEC 27002标准的演变%Introduction of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27002

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宗晓; 王静漪

    2015-01-01

    本文按照时间顺序梳理了ISO/IEC 27001和ISO/IEC 27002的发展过程,其中包括这两个标准成为国际标准的开发过程以及被等同采用为我国国家标准的过程。%We reorganized history of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27002 in chronological order, includingdevelopment process before becoming international standard and the process of adoption as Chinese standards.

  7. Implementation and Impact of ISO 9001

    OpenAIRE

    Manders, Basak

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract __ The ISO 9001 quality management standard has been implemented by more than one million organizations in 187 countries since its introduction in 1987. A newer version of ISO 9001 is planned to be introduced in 2015. Even though it is widely used by organizations to gain both operational and market benefits, the studies on the impact of ISO 9001 report mixed findings. Therefore, the aim of this dissertation is to find out what is the impact of ISO 9001, and to bett...

  8. Sistemas de referencia e identificadores geográficos (ISO 19111, ISO 19112, ISO 6709)

    OpenAIRE

    Sevilla, Miguel J.; Iguácel Abeigón, Cristina; Abad Power, Paloma

    2008-01-01

    Para la familia de normas ISO 19100 describir de manera normalizada, consistente, no ambigua y eficaz posiciones geográficas, es decir posiciones relativas a la superficie terrestre, es fundamental. El posicionamiento es el rasgo diferenciador de la IG, y su normalización un elemento clave para la interoperabilidad de los sistemas. Por ello, se trata de un aspecto esencial y, en ese sentido pueden considerarse básicas las normas que atañen a este propósito de una manera más dir...

  9. Benefits of the ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 standards: a literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Juan José Tarí; José Francisco Molina-Azorín; Iñaki Heras

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the similarities and differences between the benefits derived from implementing the ISO 9001 and the ISO 14001 standards.Methodology/Approach: The paper reviews the literature using an electronic search in the ScienceDirect, ABI/Inform, Emerald databases to identify papers focusing on the adoption of the ISO 9001 and 14001 standards and the benefits derived from implementing them.Findings: The paper identifies 82 articles about ISO 9001 and 2...

  10. Ambient intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Sanders, David; Gegov, Alexander

    2006-01-01

    This paper considers some history and the state of the art of Ambient Intelligence and from that seeks to identify new topics and future work. Ubiquitous computing, communications, human-centric computer interaction, embedded systems, context awareness, adaptive systems and distributed device networks are considered.

  11. Ambient intelligence

    CERN Document Server

    Weber, W; Aarts, E

    2005-01-01

    Addresses ambient intelligence used to support human contacts and accompany an individual''s path through the complicated modern world, from applications that are imminent, since they use essentially existing technologies, to ambitious ideas whose realization is still far away, due to major unsolved technical challenges.

  12. Maximizing Value for Training with ISO 9000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, C. W. Russ; Russo, Tracy Callaway

    1996-01-01

    The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has created quality assurance guidelines that help technology trainers and educators manage and organize training programs. This article briefly outlines program design principles, emphasizing needs analysis and outcome evaluation, performance documentation, and process management. ISO 9000…

  13. Trigonometry on Iso-Taxicab Geometry

    OpenAIRE

    Kocayusufoğlu, İsmail

    2000-01-01

    In this paper, we will define the iso-taxicab trigonmetric functions (cos_{I}theta), (sin_{I}theta), (tan_{I}) and (cot_{I}theta). Then, we will give the subtraction formulas for iso-taxicab trigonometric functions (cos_{I}theta) and (sin_{I}theta).

  14. MANTRA NELAYAN BAJO DI SUMBAWA: TINJAUAN BENTUK DAN ISI (MAKNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syarifuddin

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Fishermen in Bajo always use magic formulae to communicate with the highest creatures and the nature. The belief of the Bajo people on the magic formulae can be seen in many collective life aspects.Magic formulas are formed by linguistics costruction (main sentences revealing the Bajo’s culture itself. The magic formula of the Bajo fishermen were formed by using certain and specific linguistic construction expressing the notions of request and statements. Quite a number of the magic formulae were constructed using inversions. By using the magic formulae, the fishermen of Bajo create relationship with the creature of the highest power and the environment. This relationship is expected to support them in gaining what they have requested.

  15. [Merits of acquiring ISO15189 accreditation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitagawa, Masami

    2010-01-01

    In Japan, an ISO15189 accreditation system was started in 2005. To date, 47 hospitals have been accredited. In this session, I will present the merits of acquiring accreditation regarding ISO15189 based on our experience. Our hospital has 263 beds. The Clinical Examination Section consists of 12 staff (including 5 part-time workers): 7 in change of sample examination and 5 in charge of physiological examination. The annual number of samples is approximately 150,000. Samples collected on health checkups account for 90%. To improve the quality and service, assessment by third persons has been positively utilized in our hospital. Accreditation regarding ISO9001, ISO14001, ISO27001, privacy mark, hospital function assessment, the functional assessment of "ningen-dock"/health checkup hospitals, labor/hygiene service function assessment, and ISO15189 has been acquired. Patients may not recognize ISO. So, it must be utilized, considering that the acquisition of accreditation is not a goal but a starting point. Furthermore, cost-performance should be improved to achieve utilization-related merits. It is important to not only acquire accreditation but also help clinical staff and patients become aware of some changes/merits. Patients may consult a hospital for the following reasons: confidence in the hospital, and the staffs kind/polite attitudes. Long-term management strategies should be established without pursuing only short-term profits. I will introduce several merits of acquiring accreditation regarding ISO15189. Initially, incidental conditions for bids and appeal points include accreditation regarding ISO15189. Our corporation has participated in some competitive bids regarding health checkup business. In some companies, the bid conditions included ISO acquisition. In our hospital, clinical trials have been positively carried out. For participation in trials, hospitals must pass an institutional examination. However, ISO acquisition facilitates the preparation of

  16. Túnel bajo el Elba - Hamburgo - Alemania Federal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1976-03-01

    Full Text Available This important work, constructed to solve the traffic problem between the northern and Southern parts of Hamburg, has an overall length of 3,325 m. The greater part of the tunnel is provided with special aeration, supplied by three ventilation stations. The tunnel is made up of three independent! circulation tubes, each with two traffic lanes. The lateral tubes are intended for one way traffic, whereas the middle lane is designed for two way traffic. In the section under the river itself, these three tubes, along with the ventilating ducts, come together into one single rectangular piece. This particular stretch consists of eight members, which were constructed in nearby dry dock and were later sunk and laid on the river bottom, along a previously excavated trench. It was completed by means of highly advanced technological methods for sealing the joints and subsequently the trench was again covered up with the excavation material. The section under the greatest slope of the river bed was excavated by means of the method of the advancing driller pipe shield, and the end sections were so near the surface that the work was carried out in the open air. The northern ventilation station —a reinforced concrete construction, connecting sections of the tunnel— further contains the safety and control stations for the entire length of the tunnel, and is equipped with the most modern technical devices.Esta importante obra, construida para solucionar el problema del tráfico entre las zonas norte y sur de la ciudad de Hamburgo, tiene una longitud total de 3.325 m. En la mayor parte de su recorrido se utiliza un sistema de aireación especial, abastecido por tres estaciones de ventilación. El túnel está constituido por tres tubos de circulación independientes, con dos carriles cada uno. Los tubos laterales se utilizan para el tráfico en un solo sentido, mientras que el central permite la circulación en ambas direcciones. En el tramo bajo

  17. ISO Science Legacy A Compact Review of ISO Major Achievements

    CERN Document Server

    Cesarsky, Catherine J

    2006-01-01

    Stars are born and die in clouds of gas and dust, opaque to most types of radiation, but transparent in the infrared. Requiring complex detectors, space missions and cooled telescopes, infrared astronomy is the last branch of this discipline to come of age. After a very successful sky survey performed in the eighties by the IRAS satellite, the Infrared Space Observatory, in the nineties, brought spectacular advances in the understanding of the processes giving rise to powerful infrared emission by a great variety of celestial sources. Outstanding results have been obtained on the bright comet Hale-Bopp, and in particular of its water spectrum, as well as on the formation, chemistry and dynamics of planetary objects in the solar system. Ideas on the early stages of stellar formation and on the stellar initial mass function have been clarified. ISO is the first facility in space able to provide a systematic diagnosis of the physical phenomena and the chemistry in the close environment of pre-main sequence stars...

  18. Effectiveness of ISO 9001 System Implementation in Japanese Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Tomoaki Shimada; Nobuki Okamoto

    2009-01-01

    ISO (International Organization for Standardization) management systems are represented by ISO 9001:2000. Since the establishment of the ISO 9000 series in 1984, many manufacturers in Japan that perform international transactions have adopted the ISO management systems, and now, companies in various industries, including those in the service sector, have implemented ISO management systems. The ISO 9001 system specifies operational procedures that reflect business policy, organizational charac...

  19. IMPLEMENTATION OF ISO 14001 IN BULGARIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hristina HARIZANOVA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In the last years, the Bulgarian business organizations and government bodies were facing with the increased needs to implement new standards which could bring a higher benefit for companies and also not to affect the environment. The ISO 14 000 Family is based on standards for environmental management and gives the possibility to be applied in any type of organization, public or private sectors, administrations, etc . The main aim of the publication is to trace the implementation of ISO 14001 in Bulgaria by sectors and type of activities. As well this research offers the main reasons to the Bulgarian firms to implement ISO 14001. For reaching the aim, the study made a review of a Evolution of ISO 14001 and its flexibility, in compliance with changes in the environment and business; b Research of the firms which implemented ISO 14001 in Bulgaria, c Content of the activities in the certification cycle. The used methods are according to the research system of the Bulgarian firms which implemented ISO 14001. Finally, some conclusions were drawn about the development of the ISO 14 001 in Bulgaria.

  20. Alfabetización ambiental en estudiantes de ingeniería de la universidad de sonora

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Alberto a La Torre Islas; Andrea Zavala Reyna; Juana Alvarado Ibarra.

    2014-01-01

    La presente investigación muestra el nivel de alfabetización ambiental de los alumnos de la División de Ingeniería de la Universidad de Sonora en cuanto a las variables: actitud ambiental, conducta ambiental y conocimiento ambiental, derivados de la aplicación de un instrumento de investigación diseñado por el Centro de Educación Ambiental en Wisconsin (WCEE), E.U.A. de ingeniería es bajo (58.79%); mientras que el análisis por componentes ambientales, indica que el nivel de actitud ambient...

  1. Comparison between CMM2 & ISO9001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The Capability Maturity Model(CMM) and ISO9001 are probably thetwo be st known and most widely used models for software organization quality assurance and improvement. As they both continue to evolve, each has a series of versions which own new aspects. This paper discusses the similarities and differences be tween the two models, based on the CMM version 2.0 c and the 1997 release of ISO 9001, examines 20 clauses in ISO9001 and maps them to practices in the latest CMM. In the end, their implementations in China are presented

  2. ISO 9001 2000 : the quality management process

    CERN Document Server

    Tricker, Ray

    2006-01-01

    With the publication of ISO 9001:2000, there is now a single quality management ?requirements? standard that is applicable to all organisations, products and services. ISO 9001:2000 is the only standard that can be used for the certification of a QMS and its generic requirements can be used by any organisation.ISO 9001:2000 applies to all types or organisations. It is the quality standard which specifies the requirements of quality management systems for use where organisations need to demonstrate their capability to provide products and services which meet both customer needs and relevant reg

  3. Ambient intelligence

    CERN Document Server

    Basten, Twan; de Groot, Harmke

    2007-01-01

    ""This book is truly an eye-opener as it is the first book that relates the dream scenarios of Ambient Intelligence quantitatively to the technical challenges and requirements of the huge distributed and interoperable embedded systems needed to implement AmI systems in the real world. This book is strongly recommended to a wide spectrum of engineers interested to embark in this rapidly emerging and fascinating technology."" (From the foreword by Hugo De Man, Professor K.U. Leuven and Senior Research Fellow IMEC)

  4. ISO 14001 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR GOVERNMENT

    Science.gov (United States)

    This presentation provides an overview of the document, ISO 14001 - A Tool for Supporting Government Environmental Programs and Policies, recently published by USEPA/s Office of Research and Development. It is an informational document, explaining the backjground and development ...

  5. The New ISO Standard for Solar Filters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, B. R.

    2015-11-01

    The contents of the new ISO standard for solar filters are reviewed and the rationale for its transmittance requirements are presented. The standard is scheduled for a final approval ballot in late 2014.

  6. ISO INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR PARTICLE SIZING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Renliang Xu

    2004-01-01

    This introductory article describes how typically an ISO International Standard is made and the activity of the technical committee (TC 24/SC 4) responsible to establish International Standards related to particle sizing methods.

  7. Iso-array rewriting P systems with context-free iso-array rules

    OpenAIRE

    Bhuvaneswari, K; Kalyani, T.; Thomas, D G; Nagar, A. K.; Thamburaj, R.

    2014-01-01

    A new computing model called P system is a highly distributed and parallel theoretical model, which is proposed in the area of membrane computing. Ceterchi et al. initially proposed array rewriting P systems by extending the notion of string rewriting P systems to arrays (2003). A theoretical model for picture generation using context-free iso-array grammar rules and puzzle iso-array grammar rules are introduced by Kalyani et al. (2004, 2006). Also iso-array rewriting P...

  8. ISO 9001 & 14001: A Relationship with GDP?

    OpenAIRE

    Mills, T.

    2011-01-01

    This research was carried out to build on previous work regarding the drivers and diffusion patterns of ISO 9001/14001 global standards, designed by the International Organisation for Standardisation to set a benchmark for quality and environmental management systems respectively. The research looks to identify a link between total GDP growth in chosen economies and what affect this has on the uptake of the ISO 9001/14001 certifications and if successful will aid in the prediction of future I...

  9. A new ISO 9001 diffusion index

    OpenAIRE

    Sampaio, Paulo; Saraiva, Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – ISO 9001 certification is nowadays considered to be one of the most effective tools that can be adopted for guiding the management of Quality Systems. The stunning growth observed by these standards all over the world confirms a strong polarization of enterprises’ interest in this practice. Owing to the wide incidence of this phenomenon, a deep investigation of ISO 9001 diffusion over time is of mandatory importance. In the line of our previous publications, this pape...

  10. Operationalisierung der Anforderungen aus der ISO 26000

    OpenAIRE

    Gold, Fabian

    2013-01-01

    In der Norm DIN ISO 26000 (Leitfaden zur gesellschaftlichen Verantwortung) werden die Verantwortung von Organisationen "für die Auswirkungen ihrer Entscheidungen und Aktivitäten" auf Gesellschaft und Umwelt sowie Anforderungen zu transparentem und ethischem Verhalten für verantwortlich handelnde Organisationen in den Mittelpunkt gestellt. Die vorliegende Masterarbeit zeigt auf, wie sich die sieben Handlungsfelder aus der Norm DIN ISO 26000 operationalisieren lassen, und welche quantitative...

  11. Certificiran sustav kvalitete prema normama ISO 9001

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    Od 2. do 4. prosinca 1998. u "Sireli" je obavljen certifikacijski audit uvedenog sustava kvalitete prema normama ISO 9001. Audit je obavila certifikacijska kuća SOS iz Züricha. Auditom je utvrđeno da sustav kvalitete prema normama ISO 9001 funkcionira, te se predlaže izdavanje certifikata. Prigodom dodjeljivanja ovako visoke ocjene i priznanja, u "Sireli" smo razgovarali sa gosp. Slavkom Kirinom, članom Uprave, odgovornim za razvoj i kvalitetu.

  12. Benefits of the ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 standards: A literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Tarí

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the similarities and differences between the benefits derived from implementing the ISO 9001 and the ISO 14001 standards.Methodology/Approach: The paper reviews the literature using an electronic search in the ScienceDirect, ABI/Inform, Emerald databases to identify papers focusing on the adoption of the ISO 9001 and 14001 standards and the benefits derived from implementing them.Findings: The paper identifies 82 articles about ISO 9001 and 29 about ISO 14001. Although some differences can be observed between the benefits considered by ISO 9001 and 14001, there is a great degree of coincidence in the benefits studied. The review suggests 13 benefits as the most usually analyzed (including environmental performance for the case of the ISO 14001 standard by scholars. It is suggested that both standards have clear benefits on operational, people and customer results and that the effects on financial performance are inconclusive.Limitations/implications: One limitation of this paper is that the works identified are conditioned by the search strategy used. In addition, other key words could be included in future studies such as operational, market, quality, financial performance, and customer satisfaction in order to expand this search.Originality/Value: The main contribution is that the paper identifies the literature gap and future research proposals with regard to the benefits of the ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 standards.

  13. 建立ISO 14001 / ISO 9001一体化管理体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付海湘

    2001-01-01

    建立ISO 14001 / ISO 9001环境/质量一体化管理体系是企业管理体系的发展方向。文章从建立ISO 14001 / ISO 9001环境/质量一体化管理体系的优势、途径、文件结构内容、建议的环境/质量手册目次以及必要的程序文件清单等方面进行了总结、介绍。

  14. Nuevos tensioactivos de bajo impacto medio ambiental aplicados a formulaciones de glifosato

    OpenAIRE

    Mariano J. L. Castro; Ojeda, Carlos; Fernández Cirelli, Alicia

    2012-01-01

    Las Naciones Unidas han proyectado que para cerca del año 2050, el planeta estará habitado diez mil millones de personas. Abastecer de alimentos a esa futura población con una dieta adecuada en cantidad y calidad es un desafío. La producción agropecuaria y específicamente los agroquímicos pueden contribuir a esto. Uno de los agroquímicos más utilizados es el glifosato. Este no puede cumplir su función sin el auxilio de los tensioactivos. Las aminas grasas etoxiladas son uno de ellos y han sid...

  15. Implantación de un sistema de gestión medioambiental ISO14001:2004 al campus UPC de Vilanova i la Geltrú. Análisis y aplicación práctica al laboratorio de Mecánica de fluídos y motores térmicos del Campus de Vilanova

    OpenAIRE

    García Blanco, José Antonio

    2012-01-01

    El Proyecto final de carrera desarrollado, pretende implantar un Sistema de Gestión Medioambiental bajo las directrices de la norma internacional ISO 14001:2004. La norma ISO 14001:2004, es una norma sobre gestión medioambiental que tiene como finalidad proporcionar a los organismos los elementos de un Sistema Medioambiental efectivo, para ayudar a conseguir unos objetivos medioambientales económicos. Esta norma, pertenece a una familia o serie de normas ISO 14000, las cuales tienen por ob...

  16. Aplikace ISO norem v oblasti vývoje softwaru

    OpenAIRE

    Ullrich, Jan

    2007-01-01

    Thesis evaluates ISO standars used for software developement and their relationship to methodologies. It also describes processes according to international standard ISO/IEC 12207 and quality management systems according to ISO 9000. It evaluates also mothodlogy RUP and agile methodollogies. The goal of the thesis to tailor processes related to ISO 9001 to be compliant to the ISO/IEC 12207 in a small company.

  17. ISO 31000的整合实施%An Integrated Implementation of ISO 31000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕多加; 高晓红

    2013-01-01

    The article describes a generic implementation process for risk management that integrates the risk management framework and process described in ISO 31000. According to the process the organizations are able to effectively implement risk management ISO 31000, adapted to their unique circumstances.

  18. ISO 9000 and Creativity: Potential Advantages of Implementing ISO in Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkeaid, Adel

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between the ISO 9000 standard and creativity. In this paper, the researcher tries to answer the following questions: Which learning theories best foster creative thought? Is creativity more behaviorist or constructivist? Where does ISO 9000 fit in the continuum from behaviorism to…

  19. Utilización y conocimiento de la herramientas de medición y su relación con los costes de calidad en las empresas certificadas en la norma ISO 9000 de la Comunidad Valenciana

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador Climent Serrano

    2004-01-01

    En este trabajo presentamos los resultados, sobre la utilización y conocimiento de las herramientas de medición de los sistemas de gestión de la calidad, obtenidos mediante una encuesta postal a todas las empresas certificadas en la norma ISO 9000 de calidad de la Comunidad Valenciana. Entre loas resultados podemos destacar en bajo índice de conocimiento y de utilización de bastantes de estas herramientas, sobre todo por tratarse de empresas certificadas en la norma ISO 9000 de calidad, po...

  20. Implantación de la norma UNE-EN ISO 14001:2004 en una empresa de galvanizados por inmersión en caliente

    OpenAIRE

    Riquelme Piñera, Arancha

    2015-01-01

    [SPA]Dada la creciente actividad humana no es infundada la necesidad que ha tenido la administración pública en la creación de leyes y normativas más restrictivas que protejan el medio ambiente del efecto de este crecimiento. Es por esto que surge la norma ISO 14001:2008, (La norma actual es ISO 14001: 2004, se está preparando una nueva versión para 2015) un estándar cuya intención es asegurar que las empresas tengan un compromiso con el medio ambiente y cumplan con todas las normativas ap...

  1. Incorporación de la ISO 26000, sobre organizaciones empresariales, en la legislación colombiana

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Arango, Juan Pablo; Ciro Ríos, León Sigifredo

    2015-01-01

    Objetivo: determinar el nivel de incorporación de la norma ISO 26000 en las organizaciones empresariales, según las leyes colombianas.Metodología: se realizó un análisis documental a cerca de 8.000 leyes colombianas relacionadas con cuatro categorías: Organizacional, Social, Ambiental y Operacional, las cuales se derivaron de los siete temas y 38 subtemas que componen la Norma Guía ISO 26000 de Responsabilidad Social. El alcance descriptivo de la realidad legislativa colombiana, focalizada en...

  2. IS ISO 9000 CERTIFICATION LOSING ITS CREDIBILITY?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.R. Ramesh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ISO certification was a great hope for many stakeholders in India for making the country strong in terms of quality practices. It was a blessing in disguise when in early nineties; buyers were imposing conditions that you should be ISO compliant to do business with them. ISO was a great system to bring in improvements in the way an organization functions. But unfortunately some have adopted a short cut approach in getting the certification done. It is only just before the audit team comes for re-inspection that firms start removing dust from the quality manual files so that they can pretend that that they follow those systems. But a real commitment to adhering to these systems is missing. The paper describes such scenario existing in some quarters in India and warns against such practices for the overall good of the system.

  3. The European Large Area ISO Survey: ELAIS

    OpenAIRE

    Oliver, Seb

    1996-01-01

    I describe a European collaborative project to survey \\sim 20 square degrees of the sky at 15\\micron and 90\\micron with ISO. This is the largest open time project being undertaken by ISO. The depth and areal coverage were designed to complement the various Guaranteed Time surveys. The main science thrust is to explore star formation in galaxies to a much higher redshift than was probed by IRAS. We expect to detect around 8000 extra-galactic objects and a similar number of Galactic sources. Th...

  4. Tietoturvallisuusauditointi ISO 27000-viitekehyksessä

    OpenAIRE

    Luoma, Ilmari

    2015-01-01

    Tiedon olemassaolo eri olomuodoissa muodostaa vaikeasti hallittavan uhkakentän, jonka käsittelyyn kansainvälisesti hyväksytty ISO 27000 -standardi on hyvä väline. Työn tarkoitus on perehtyä ISO/IEC 27000 -standardisarjaan, soveltaa standardin vaatimuksia laatimalla tietoturvallisuuden auditointiaineisto ja -menetelmä, sekä toteuttaa tietoturvallisuusauditointi käytännössä. Työssä esitellään tietoturvallisuuden kytkeytyminen yritysturvallisuuteen, tietoturvallisuuden osa-alueittainen ...

  5. ISO 14001:2004与ISO 14001:1996的比较%Compare ISO 14001:2004 with ISO 14001:1996

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴越佳; 王纯

    2005-01-01

    GB/T24001等同采用ISO 14001,是继ISO 9000系列标准颁布之后的第二个管理性的国际标准。自1996年颁布实施以来,全国范围内的各行各业开展了环境管理体系建立与认证活动,对我国生态环境的恢复和保护起到了积极的推动作用。

  6. Varhaiskasvatus Suomessa ja Iso-Britanniassa

    OpenAIRE

    Lempiäinen, Helena

    2010-01-01

    Lempiäinen Helena. Varhaiskasvatus Suomessa ja Iso-Britanniassa. Oulu, kevät 2010, 52 sivua. Diakonia-ammattikorkeakoulu, Diak Pohjoinen, Oulun yksikkö. Sosiaalialan koulutusohjelma, Sosionomi (AMK). Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli kuvata, miten pienten lasten hoito on muuttunut tavoitteelliseksi varhaiskasvatukseksi Iso-Britanniassa ja Suomessa. Tavoitteena oli lisäksi selvittää, mitä yhtäläisyyksiä ja eroja maissa toteuttavassa varhaiskasvatuksessa oli. Työn tarkoituksena oli selitt...

  7. La organización social en los barrios bajos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Foote Whyte

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Por mucho tiempo, los sociólogos han estudiado los barrios bajos en términos de desorganización social. El interés en los mismos parece provenir de dos fuentes: una urgencia por promover reformas sociales y un esfuerzo para comprender el proceso de urbanización. Observando el quiebre de los controles del grupo primario en la vida de ciudad, algunos sociólogos han considerado analizar la situación resultante en términos del concepto de desorganización social. Los barrios bajos han sido caracterizados por ciertos sociólogos, como áreas de almas perdidas y misiones, áreas donde individuos y familias viven en intimidad forzada con personas a las cuales normalmente rechazan y evitan; áreas donde no se aprecian estándares de decencia o buena conducta excepto los impuestos por una autoridad externa. Según la opinión de otros sociólogos, los barrios bajos son un área de libertad e individualismo. Harvey Zorbaugh dice que la política en el distrito bajo no es como la política en el distrito de clase media. Como no se ajusta a los estándares de la clase media, no es más que un juego. Más aún, la preocupación con el estudio de la desorganización familiar ha conducido a algunos sociólogos a subestimar cualquier grado de organización que se pueda encontrar en los barrios bajos

  8. Internal Audit Status For ISO 9001 And ISO/ IEC 17025 In Malaysian Nuclear Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of MS ISO 9001 and MS ISO/ IEC 17025 in Malaysian Nuclear Agency is the basic step to enhance and improve the Quality Management System (QMS) for processes and laboratories that involve customers and suppliers in delivering products and services. The effectiveness of QMS is monitored by Research and Innovation Management Centre (RIMC) to ensure that all activities related to audit such as Internal Audit are well organized and implemented as documented in quality manual and procedure. This paper will discuss the status of internal audit for processes that implement MS ISO 9001 and laboratories that accredited with MS/ ISO IEC 17025 in year 2008, 2009 and 2010. The total of non-conformance (nc) and opportunity for improvement (ofi) for processes and laboratories and their numbers as per clause in MS ISO 9001 and MS ISO/ IEC 17025 are the indicators that reflects the effectiveness of QMS. Then, the total effectiveness of QMS for MS 9001 and MS ISO/ IEC 17025 is also determined via the number of conformance clause versus non-conformance clause for those three years. (author)

  9. Guía metodológica para la evaluación de los aspectos e impactos ambientales significativos siguiendo los lineamientos de la norma ISO 14001

    OpenAIRE

    Durán Osorio, María Beatriz; León Velázquez, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    La norma ISO 14001:2004, detalla los requerimientos legales para que el sector empresarial implemente y desarrolle sistemas de gestión ambiental. Este documento es una guía para evaluar el impacto ambiental que pueden causar las organizaciones. Esta evaluación es posible a través de auditorías de proceso basadas en las exigencias de la norma ISO 14001, con lo cual se busca poder establecer políticas que favorezcan el medio ambiente en el lugar donde la empresa ejerce su radio de acción.

  10. ISO/IEC 17025与ISO/IEC导则25的比照分析%Contrast and Analysis of ISO/IEC 17025 with ISO/IEC Guide 25

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴听; 齐建华

    2001-01-01

    本文主要介绍ISO/IEC 17025:1999的由来,及其与ISO 9001、ISO 9002的关系;ISO/IEC 17025的组成和构架以及与ISO/IEC导则25的对照、比较和分析。以帮助读者了解ISO/IEC 17025:1999与导则25的异同,从而有助于推进ISO/IEC 17025的实施。%In order to help the readers with understanding the similarities and differences between ISO/IEC 17025:1999 and Guide 25 and thereby carry forward the implement of ISO/IEC 17025,the oringin of ISO/IEC 17025,its relationship with ISO 9001 and ISO 9002,the composition,frame and analysis of ISO/IEC 17025 and its contrast and comparision with Guide 25 are mainly described in this paper.

  11. New ISO standards for hearing protectors (A)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Torben

    2000-01-01

    Working Group 17 under ISO/TC43/SC1 deals with measurement of hearing protector attenuation. WG17 is presently involved in revision of the present 4869-1 standard (especially sound field requirements and reproducibility estimations) and formulation of a new standard where inexperienced hearing...

  12. Interpretation of MS ISO/ IEC 17020

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MS ISO/ IEC 17020 is an international standard which adopted by Malaysian Standard states the requirement criteria for inspection bodies. The author involved in the NDT technical assessment to several NDT companies in Malaysia. The experience in performing NDT assessment activity is explained and discussed. (author)

  13. ISO sertifikaat aitab otsustada / Toomas Udu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Udu, Toomas

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Transport i logistika 25. mai lk. 8. Teenuse kvaliteedi näitajad logistikafirmas ISO standardi alusel. Vt. samas: Eestis kasutatakse kolme kvaliteedistandardit; Kuidas mõjutada kvaliteeti läbi juhtimissüsteemi

  14. API and ISO standards can be combined

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that oil field equipment and product manufacturers can maintain a competitive advantage and minimize costs by integrating American Petroleum Institute (API) licensing programs with International Standards Organization (ISO) 9001 standards under one quality system. A combined quality system approach can position a company for quality system certification under ISO 9001 while maintaining API specifications. Furthermore, only one quality system manual is needed for API licensing and ISO certification, avoiding duplication of effort. The benefits of a documented quality program include the flowing: Job descriptions and personnel qualification requirements are documented; The improved documentation allows direct tracing of specific production activities; Laboratory test methods and calibration of test equipment follow accepted standards for more reliable and reproducible test data; Quality control becomes proactive, not reactive, through internal process controls previously not implemented; Employee attitudes improve through appreciation for the overall goals of the company; Ambiguous quality issues, such as documenting special customer requirements, are easily resolved; and The company image improves with customers, particularly for those that require API Specification Q1 or ISO 9001 compliance or those having their own quality performance standards

  15. ISO certification pays off in quality improvement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that by obtaining and maintaining International Standards Organization (ISO) 9001 certification, a company can improve its quality control system, cut waste, and motivate its employees. In so doing it improves its competitive position in both international and domestic markets. The success of a number of countries (notably Japan) in the world markets has focused the attention of the industrialized countries on improving quality levels and striving for a unified, worldwide quality standard. This has been particularly true in Europe; with several countries competing in a single market, a common quality standard has been a highly desirable goal for decades. One of the first multinational quality standards evolved in the European Community, which is estimated to become a single market with a gross national product of $4.5 trillion by 1992. As a consequence, in 1987 the International Standards Organization created ISO 9000, a single standard to ensure uniform quality in products and services offered with this growing market. U.S. petroleum and natural gas companies must recognize and implement the ISO 9000 standards or possibly lose international markets. If the present worldwide trend towards ISO 9000 continues (and there is no reason to believe that it will not), the standards will be just as important in the domestic market

  16. Enthusiasm for Europe's space telescope ISO

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-11-01

    "Are the most luminous galaxies powered by extreme rates of star formation, or do they harbour black-hole-powered active nuclei as well?" Scientists lead by Reinhard Genzel at Max Planck Institut fur extra terrestrische Physik in Garching, Germany, have used ISO's Short Wavelength Spectrometer to give an answer. Writing in the London journal Nature, an independent commentator, Gerry Gilmore of the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge, considers that their papers in Astronomy and Astrophysics give a clear answer to this question. The "remarkable result" according to Gilmore is that none of three ultra-luminous infrared galaxies studied by ISO requires an active nucleus to account for the emissions, which arise from rapid star formation. About another ISO target Gilmore writes: "In one lovely example, of two intersecting disk galaxies known as the Antennae, it is even possible to resolve the spot where the two disks currently cross, and to see the progression of star formation across the disk as the two galaxies orbit through each other." (Nature, 21 November 1996, p. 211) One year after its launch, ISO is exceptionally popular among astronomers, not only in Europe but worldwide. A panel of American astronomers, reporting to NASA on the scientific merits of eight astrophysical space missions, gives ISO the highest ranking and calls it "the major infrared mission of the decade". At a time when NASA is reducing its budgets for some astrophysical missions, its funding of ISO-related research is increasing. The demand for a share in ISO's unique view of the infrared universe is insatiable. ESA has been overwhelmed by new proposals for observations, coming from 511 groups of astronomers in ESA's own Member States and in the USA and Japan. Although ISO is extremely efficient, performing an average of 45 observations a day, it could not cope with 16,000 observations requested as additions to ISO's already busy programme for 1997. The time allocation committee has had to turn

  17. Trend of STEP development activities at ISO; ISO ni okeru STEP no doko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamashita, J

    1998-09-05

    Technical committee 1884: Industrial Automation and Integration and Sub Committee 4: Industrial Data are huge organizations established in 1984 and include development theory and practical application. In TC 184 and SC 4, about 450 experts from 28 countries are participating and integration of technical information centering to product information is carried out by standardization and establish data base or information environment for sharing purpose. STEP (Standard for the exchange of product model data) is common name of ISO 10303 and is handled by TC 184 SC 4 in ISO organization. Standards under formulation such as WG 3: Product Models/T12 AEC: Building and Civil engineering and Building and Construction are the fields where Japan must participate and cooperate. In this report, organization of ISO developing ISO 10303 (STEP), the constitution of STEP, mechanism and step till the formulation of standard are discussed, and situation of building related Application Protocol (AP) development is cited. 5 refs., 5 figs.

  18. Analysis of implementation of ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 standards in Slovenian construction industry

    OpenAIRE

    Pakiž, Nina

    2016-01-01

    The presented research focuses to the implementation of quality and environmental management standards, that comply to the standards ISO 9001:2008 and ISO 14001:2004, into construction contracting companies and client organisations. It is limited to Slovenia that can be considered as a typical representative of construction industry in countries that joined European Union after 2004. In order to carry out the analysis of EMS implementation for a casy study - selected construction ...

  19. Tangled Web of Concept Relations. Concept relations for ISO 1087-1 and ISO 704

    OpenAIRE

    Nuopponen, Anita

    2014-01-01

    International audience The paper discusses factors that are relevant when constructing a typology of concept relations for terminology work by focusing especially on ISO 704:2009 Terminology work - Principles and methods and ISO 1087-1:2000 Terminology work - Vocabulary - Part 1: Theory and application standards and their future revisions. At first prerequisites for a concept relation typology are discussed generally. The standards are then scrutinized as to how they introduce, define and ...

  20. Risk in Management Systems according to ISO standard

    OpenAIRE

    P. Królas; L. Królas

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article was to present selected management standards in context of risk management. It presents main ISOmanagement standards (ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001, ISO 27001, BS 25999, ISO 31000) that apply to polish enterprises. In thefirst part of this article there are analyzed management standards regarding quality, environment, occupational health and safety,information security, as well as business continuity management and risk management. The second part of the article...

  1. From ISO 14001 to EMAS%从ISO 14001到EMAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐新宇; 王文

    2014-01-01

    ISO14001 is currently the most widely used environmental management system standard, while EMAS is a voluntary environmental management tool released by EU legislation. Centering on the aspects of environmental performance, environmental assessment, environmental factors, information disclosure, compliance, employee involvement, etc., the paper analyzes the correlation of the two major differences between ISO14001 and EMAS environmental management tools, providing reference for organizations to upgrade from ISO14001 to EMAS.%ISO 14001是目前应用最为广泛的环境管理体系标准,而EMAS是欧盟法令发布的自愿性环境管理工具。本文围绕环境绩效、环境评审、环境因素、信息公开、全面合规性、员工参与等方面,分析ISO 14001和EMAS两种环境管理工具的相关性和主要差异,为组织从ISO 14001升级至EMAS提供参考。

  2. 什么是ISO 9000族标准?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    "ISO 9000族"是国际标准化组织(International Organization for Stan-dardization,简称 ISO)在1994年提出的概念,是指"由国际标准化组织质量管理和质量保证技术委员会(ISO/TC

  3. The Relationship between the Training Function and ISO-9000 Registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxwell, Randy C.; Jost, Karen L.

    ISO 9000 is one of a series of international standards providing guidelines and governing quality of products and services. The ISO 9000 certification demonstrates the capability of a supplier to control the processes that determine the acceptability of the product or service being supplied. This paper focuses on the training aspects of ISO 9000…

  4. An introduction to information security and ISO27001:2013

    CERN Document Server

    Watkins, Steve

    2013-01-01

    Up to date with the latest version of the Standard (ISO27001:2013), An Introduction to information security and ISO27001:2013 is the perfect solution for anyone wanting an accurate, fast, easy-to-read primer on information security from an acknowledged expert on ISO27001.

  5. Qualidade, Ambiente e Segurança numa perspetiva integrada

    OpenAIRE

    Figueira, Sónia

    2013-01-01

    Este estudo pretende avaliar o impacto da implementação de um Sistema de Gestão da Qualidade, Ambiente e Segurança na Força Aérea Portuguesa. Numa primeira fase procurou verificar-se o estado atual de implementação de cada um dos Sistemas de Gestão em relação aos respetivos referenciais. O Sistema de Gestão da Qualidade, o Sistema de Gestão Ambiental e o Sistema de Gestão da Segurança e Saúde do Trabalho de acordo com as Normas Portuguesas, NP ISO 9001:2008, NP ISO 14001:2006 e...

  6. Estrategias didácticas bajo el enfoque de competencias: aplicación del uso de herramientas de forma interactiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurora Estrada García

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo propone la aplicación de estrategias didácticas bajo el enfoque de competencias en la práctica docente de las Instituciones de Educación Superior. Ello permitiría implementar de manera interactiva la competencia básica o clave del uso de las herramientas dentro del programa de cualquier asignatura diseñada bajo el modelo de formación en competencias. Mediante el empleo de dichas estrategias se busca que los alumnos dominen de forma interactiva la competencia básica, la cual consta de un amplio rango de habilidades, destrezas y actitudes que permiten a los egresados interactuar eficazmente con el ambiente donde se desenvuelven, incrementando así sus posibilidades de insertarse en el mercado laboral.

  7. Búsqueda y reconocimiento de los enemigos naturales y hospedantes alternos de las principales plagas en flores bajo invernadero en la Sabana de Bogotá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Briceño Jorge A.

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Las plagas que atacan cultivos de flores bajo invernadero son cada vez más importantes por la gravedad de su daño y por la alta densidad con que suelen presentarse. Para su control se ha acudido principalrnente a la utilización de productos químicos, lo cual conduce a un aumento en los costos de producción, a contaminar el medio ambiente, a afectar la salud humana y a crear resistencia de los insectos a los insecticidas. Debido a esto, es necesario incluir dentro de los programas de control a los reguladores naturales de las plagas: parasitoides, depredadores y microorganismos entornogenos. En el presente trabajo se registran los enemigos naturales más importantes de las principales plagas en flores bajo invernadero (crisantemo, rosa y clavel.

  8. Estudi monogràfic sobre les modificacions de la normativa ISO 9001:2015 i 14001:2015 respecte a versions anteriors

    OpenAIRE

    Masó Coll, Noemí

    2016-01-01

    Donada la recent actualització de les versions de les normes “UNE-EN ISO 9001:2008- Sistemas de gestión de la calidad. Requisitos “ i “UNE-EN ISO14001:2004 – Sistemas de gestión ambiental. Requisitos con orientación para su uso” s’ha considerat convenient l’elaboració d’un treball de comparació entre aquestes normes amb la versió vigent de l’any 2015. El present treball consta d’una primera part de recollida d’informació, lectura de les normes a les que fa referència ( ISO 9001:2008 i ISO 90...

  9. A Realization of Hom-Lie Algebras by Iso-Deformed Commutator Bracket

    OpenAIRE

    Xiuxian Li

    2013-01-01

    We construct classical Iso-Lie and Iso-Hom-Lie algebras in $gl(V)$ by twisted commutator bracket through Iso-deformation. We prove that they are simple. Their Iso-automorphisms and isotopies are also presented.

  10. Promoting Strong ISO 50001 Outcomes with Supportive National Infrastructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKane, Aimee, T.; Siciliano, Graziella; de los Reyes, Pamela

    2015-08-04

    The ISO 50001 standard is a key mechanism for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving energy efficiency globally. An increasing number of companies are seeking certification, creating the need for personnel that are competent to conduct ISO 50001 certification audits. The growth of ISO 50001 is expected to accelerate as more companies integrate ISO 50001 into their corporate sustainability strategies and supplier requirements. Robust implementation of ISO 50001 represents an important tool for countries with climate change mitigation goals. Because of its dual focus on continual improvement of an organization’s energy management system (EnMS) and its energy performance improvement, ISO 50001 requires skills of both implementers and certification auditors that are not well-supported by current credentials and training. This paper describes an effort to address skill gaps of certification auditors, a critical factor to ensure that ISO 50001 implementations are robust and result in continued energy performance improvement. A collaboration of governments through the Energy Management Working Group (EMWG), formerly under Global Superior Energy Performance (GSEP), has formed to build workforce capacity for ISO 50001 certification audits. The EMWG is leading the development of an internationally-relevant certification scheme for ISO 50001 Lead Auditor that meets requirements for ISO/IEC 17024 accreditation and ISO 50003 for defining ISO 50001 Lead Auditor competency. Wider availability of competent ISO 50001 Lead Auditors will ultimately increase the impact and market value of ISO 50001 certification and improve consistency of ISO 50001 certification outcomes by establishing a standardized and high level of knowledge and skills globally.

  11. Evaluación económica y toma de decisiones en salud ambiental

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez Zúñiga Cristina; Hernández Peña Patricia; Ortiz Guerrero Claudia; Zurutuza Fernández Rocío; Santos-Burgoa Carlos

    1994-01-01

    Ante el creciente deterioro ambiental y sus posibles consecuencias en la salud de la población resulta una prioridad indiscutible el diseño e instrumentación de políticas que controlen las actividades económicas bajo el criterio de protección a la salud humana y al ambiente mismo. Es preciso que dichas políticas consideren la factibilidad económica de las alternativas de protección existentes. Sin embargo, por la cantidad de intereses dentro del área ambiental, otros factores como el social y...

  12. Pengaruh ISO 9002 Terhadap Profitabilitas PT. Bhanda Graha Reksa Cabang Utama Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Hendrino

    2008-01-01

    ISO 9000 is defined as a standard of quality management system, which manages process in the attainment of quality. In this case, ISO arranges links between subcontractor, company and customer, and also provides general directions/procedures in order to fullfill the conditions of quality. Thereby, ISO 9000 converse not the quality of a product but in the attainment process of a certain quality level. The difference between ISO 9000, ISO 9001, ISO 9002, ISO 9003 and ISO 9004 isas follows: I...

  13. Incorporating ISO Metadata Using HDF Product Designer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelenak, Aleksandar; Kozimor, John; Habermann, Ted

    2016-01-01

    The need to store in HDF5 files increasing amounts of metadata of various complexity is greatly overcoming the capabilities of the Earth science metadata conventions currently in use. Data producers until now did not have much choice but to come up with ad hoc solutions to this challenge. Such solutions, in turn, pose a wide range of issues for data managers, distributors, and, ultimately, data users. The HDF Group is experimenting on a novel approach of using ISO 19115 metadata objects as a catch-all container for all the metadata that cannot be fitted into the current Earth science data conventions. This presentation will showcase how the HDF Product Designer software can be utilized to help data producers include various ISO metadata objects in their products.

  14. Revision of ISO 15859 Aerospace Fluid Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Benjamin; McClure, Mark B.

    2012-01-01

    A detailed review of ISO 15859 "Space Systems - Fluid Characteristics, Sampling and Test Methods" was performed An approach to revising Parts 1-9 and 11-13 was developed and concurred by the NASA Technical Standards Program Office. The approach was to align them with the highest level source documents, and not to program-specific requirements. The updated documents were prepared and presented.

  15. "ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING STANDARDS ISO14010, 14011, 14012 "

    OpenAIRE

    J Nouri

    1998-01-01

    In order to standardize sustainable status of environmental management in productive and industrial activities and commercial and economical relationship, the ISO 14000 standards series guarantee the minimization of the costs, growth accoptancy of society and trade and environmental quality improvement and natural resources. In fact, these standards will help any organization to improve and solve these standards and help to improve and solve their environmental remarks of executive activities...

  16. ISO/TC 234, Fisheries and Aquaculture

    OpenAIRE

    Ramona I. Costea

    2009-01-01

    The largest standard developing organization, ISO, works these days at International Standards for Fisheries and Aquaculture. They created a technical committee divided in six work groups that will have to establish cage technology, aquaculture environmental management, aquaculture technology, food safety for aquaculture farms, traceability of fishery products and environmental monitoring on the seabed’s impact from marine finfish farms. These standards will promote the sustainable developmen...

  17. 2000版ISO 9000修订概要

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于立梅

    2000-01-01

    ISO 9000族的四个核心标准的修订目前进展得非常顺利。ISO 9000、ISO 9001及ISO 9004作为国际标准草案(DIS)已于1999年11月25日公布,期望在2000年第四季度以成熟的国际标准的形式公布于众。 ISO 19011(即质量与环境管理体系审核标准)已形成委员会草案,将取代目前ISO 9000和ISO 14000族的“单一范围”的审核标准,期望在2001年第四季度以国际标准的形式公布于众。

  18. Laadun- ja riskienhallinta johtamisjärjestelmässä ISO 9001:2015 ja ISO 31000:2009 mukaisesti

    OpenAIRE

    Reinvall, Niko; Karhunen, Joonas

    2015-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena on tarkastella riskienhallinnan ja laadunhallintajärjestelmien suhdetta ISO 9001:2015 ja ISO 31000:2009-standardien viitekehyksessä, tutkimuskysymyksen ollessa ”miten ja miksi integroida ISO 9001 mukaista laadunhallintaa ja ISO 31000 mukaista riskienhallintaa organisaation johtamisjärjestelmään”. Lisäksi työssä tarkastellaan standardien välisiä yhtymäkohtia ja riskienhallinnan merkitystä ISO 9001:2015 mukaisessa laadunhallintajärjestelmässä. Työn tilaaja...

  19. Estudio microestructural de pastas de cemento expuestas a medios simulados de agresividad moderada frecuentes en ambientes rurales

    OpenAIRE

    Antón Fuentes, Rebeca

    2016-01-01

    Los materiales base cemento (pastas, morteros, hormigones y otros tipos de mezclas) son materiales ampliamente utilizados en la sociedad actual y son uno de los pilares de la ingeniería civil debido a sus buenas propiedades estructurales, facilidad de fabricación y bajo coste. Sus propiedades permiten su uso en ambientes industriales y naturales, siendo materiales muy versátiles siempre y cuando, se tenga en cuenta que sus propiedades durables son limitadas en ambientes donde s...

  20. Análisis del Ciclo de Vida (ACV) en un Sistema Silvopastoril Intensivo (SSPi) y un sistema intensivo convencional orientados a la producción de leche bajo condiciones de bs – T

    OpenAIRE

    Rivera Herrera, Julián Esteban

    2014-01-01

    Resumen: con el objetivo de cuantificar algunos impactos ambientales negativos asociados a la producción de leche en un sistema silvopastoril intensivo - SSPi con Leucaena leucocephala y un sistema intensivo de lechería tropical - SILT bajo condiciones de bs-T, se llevó a cabo un análisis de ciclo de vida - ACV siguiendo las normas ISO 14040 y 14044 para evaluar el potencial de calentamiento global, uso de energía no renovable - UENR y uso del suelo - US en este tipo de sistemas. Para estimar...

  1. Metrological management evaluation based on ISO10012: an empirical study in ISO-14001-certified Spanish companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental management systems based on the ISO 14001 standard rely strongly on metrological measurement and confirmation processes to certify the extent to which organizations monitor and improve their environmental behavior. Nevertheless, the literature lacks in studies that assess the influence of these metrological processes on the performance of environmental management in organizations, even now that the international standard ISO 10012 is already available to establish requisites and guidelines for the development of a metrological management system that is compatible with any other standardized management system. This work seeks to assess that influence through the development of an evaluation model for metrological management, which is then validated through an experimental analysis of the results obtained from the application of an audit process in 11 Spanish companies, all ISO-14001-certified and operating in different industrial sectors. (author)

  2. Understand and Challenge of ISO 26000%ISO26000的理解和应对

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴士权

    2011-01-01

    2010年11月1日,国际标准化组织(ISO)在瑞士日内瓦国际会议中心举办了题为“共担责任,实现可持续发展”的《ISO 26000社会责任指南》标准发布会,隆重宣布即日起正式颁布和实施ISO 26000《社会责任指南》国际标准.作为ISO将标准制定视角从传统的工程技术领域转向国际社会政治经济和伦理道德领域的里程碑性标准,该标准的诞生意义重大.

  3. ISO, unique explorer of the invisible cool universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-10-01

    -launch tests. The ISO spacecraft takes the form of a white cylinder 3.5 metres in diameter and 5.3 metres long. Inside are the actual telescope, the four scientific instruments, the electronics, power and radio communication systems. On the side, wide solar panels supply the 600 watts of electrical power and at the same time serve as a baffle shielding the satellite from solar radiation. The spacecraft is fully covered with highly effective thermal insolation. if - purely hypothetically - its cryostat were filled with boiling water instead of liquid helium, it would take six years for ISO to drop to ambient temperature. This insulation is vital for minimising the space telescope's sensitivity to thermal disturbance caused by solar and terrestrial radiation. The four focal-plane instruments mounted behind the telescope's mirror represent the scientific heart of the satellite. This set of instruments, built by the principal investigators and industrial consortia in ESA Member States, will provide measurements of unprecedented sensitivity and precision over a very wide wavelength range: 2.5 to 250 microns, of which the 120 to 250 micron region is as yet entirely unexplored. The Isophot photometer, built under the supervision of the Max Planck Institute, Germany, is the instrument providing the most far-ranging wavelength coverage. When operating at very long wavelengths, a region undetected to date, it should reveal extremely cold stars and cosmic matter. Isophot measures the intensity and spatial distribution of light and the spectral components in the near infrared. The Isocam camera, responsibility for which lies with the Service d'Astrophysique de Saclay, France, will take photographs in the 2.5 to 17 micron range with two arrays, each of 1024 individual infrared detectors (32 x 32 pixel). Some twenty filters select the infrared spectral range of the observations ("colours" ) and four optical lenses allow various magnification factors (from 1 to 8). Depending on the lens

  4. ISO 9001 or ISO 17025 : what is more important for the metrology laboratory

    OpenAIRE

    Barradas, José; Sampaio, Paulo

    2011-01-01

    In the last decade, the number of Portuguese companies with quality certiÞ cation has increased, as is the case in most countries. According to the ISO 9001 standard all the certiÞ ed companies should calibrate their measuring equipment. By doing so, companies can guarantee, with rigor and quality, its measurement and use reliable data for monitoring the quality of its products and its improvement. However, a metrology laboratory is not required to hold an ISO 9001 certiÞ catio...

  5. Analiza implementacije standardov ISO 9001 in ISO 14001 v slovenski gradbeni industriji

    OpenAIRE

    Pakiž, Nina

    2016-01-01

    V magistrski nalogi smo analizirali, kako poteka implementacija sistemov za vodenje kakovosti (SVK), ki so skladni s standardom SIST ISO 9001:2008, in sistemov za ravnanje z okoljem (SRO), ki so skladni s standardom SIST ISO 14001:2004, v gradbena izvajalska in investitorska podjetja. Pri tem se osredotočamo na slovensko gradbeno tržišče, ki ga lahko v mnogih vidikih štejemo za značilnega predstavnika gradbene industrije članic, ki so se pridružili Evropski Uniji po letu 2004. ...

  6. 企业管理与ISO9001%Business enterprise management & ISO9001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周林松

    2005-01-01

    采用ISO9001标准进行管理是企业不断追求完美的一种行动,真正把ISO9001标准落实到企业生产的每一过程,只有使企业的每个员工真正地理解。IS09O01标准的内涵,企业在管理过程中才能得心应手,去争取获得最大的利润。

  7. Lean principles adoption in environmental management system (EMS - ISO 14001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perumal Puvanasvaran

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristic of the lean principles into ISO 14001 and to propose linkage of the lean principles and ISO 14001.Design/methodology/approach: To achieve the objective of the study, literature survey and quantitative research method using questionnaires survey are used.Findings and Originality/value: The findings of this study confirm that ISO 14001 certified company adopted lean production practices.  The study also proves that lean principles have positive and significant relationship with ISO 14001 EMS and the linkage can be made between lean principles and ISO 14001 to achieve Continual Improvement.Research limitations/implications: The small sizes of the sample of the participating companies are the main limitations of this study and this research mainly focuses on the manufacturing environment and services industry.Practical implications: This research show that all ISO 14001 companies do adopt at least one lean production practices and the main findings are lean principles has positive and highly significant relationship with ISO 14001 requirements.  This is because the integration of lean principles into ISO 14001 will serve practical methods for ISO14001 EMS to achieve the continual improvement.Originality/value: This research is amongst the first to study the combined lean principles with ISO 1400.  Based on the current situation, there is no integration within this two management system. 

  8. Determination of sterilization dose of cellulose microbial membrane by electron beam irradiation using ISO 11137

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The calculation of sterilization dose of cellulose microbial by electron beam irradiation has been done based on International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 11137. Cellulose microbial pellicle was prepared by static fermentation of A. xylinum in a medium containing coconut water as a micro nutrient source. The pellicle was then hand pressed at ambient temperature in order to get membrane with thickness of 0.03 ± 0.01 mm. Sterilization dose of electron beam was determined based on ISO 11137 through three steps: calculation of bioburden, determination of verification dose and sterilization dose based on Table 2. The results showed that the average bioburden of batch 1, 2 and 3 were 67.4; 92.6; 91 cfu, respectively and overall average bioburden was 83.7 cfu. The batch average bioburden was smaller than twice of overall average bioburden, so overall average of bioburden was used to determine the verification dose. Based on ISO 11137, the verification dose was at 7.8 kGy. The results of sterility test on 100 pieces of membranes after irradiated at verification dose, showed that only one membrane had positive bacteria growth. From these results, it can be concluded that sterilization dose of cellulose microbial membrane irradiated by electron beam with the SAL of 10-6 was 21 kGy. (author)

  9. Un electrocardiógrafo inteligente de bajo coste

    OpenAIRE

    Mariel Mendiguren, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Castellano: A lo largo de este proyecto se ha desarrollado un sistema de bajo coste para la tomade electrocardiogramas y posterior visualización de los mismos en un dispositivo Android. Además se ha creado un módulo inteligente capaz de realizar un diagnóstico de manera automática y razonada sobre los datos recogidos. El proyecto se ha realizado principalmente sobre tecnologías abiertas: Arduino como componente central del sistema electrónico, Android para visualizar datos en una plataforma m...

  10. Respuesta mecánica del grafito bajo condiciones extremas

    OpenAIRE

    Corro García, Elena del

    2011-01-01

    Nuestro interés fundamental es conocer la respuesta del grafito bajo condiciones extremas de estrés; aunque queda claro que, para ello, necesitaremos desarrollar nuevas metodologías de análisis o mejorar las existentes. Por ello, nos planteamos los dos grandes objetivos genéricos. En primer lugar, estudiar el comportamiento elástico de los yunques utilizados para generar el estrés, zafiro y moissanita, tanto en la superficie del yunque, que estará en contacto con la muestra, como a lo largo d...

  11. Ley marco de aseguramiento universal en salud, bajo la lupa

    OpenAIRE

    Leoncio Díaz; Julio Vargas

    2009-01-01

    La Ley Marco de Aseguramiento Universal en Salud, concebida en el marco del modelo neoliberal conservador, excluyente y polarizante, fue aprobada en circunstancias en la que persisten grandes contrastes entre sistemas de salud. Por un lado, los países que mantienen subsistemas inconexos y privatizados y, por otro, los que unificados y bajo la responsabilidad del Estado, garantizan a todos el acceso integral, gratuito y de calidad a los servicios de salud. En América y el Caribe, existen paíse...

  12. La organización social en los barrios bajos

    OpenAIRE

    William Foote Whyte

    2010-01-01

    Por mucho tiempo, los sociólogos han estudiado los barrios bajos en términos de desorganización social. El interés en los mismos parece provenir de dos fuentes: una urgencia por promover reformas sociales y un esfuerzo para comprender el proceso de urbanización. Observando el quiebre de los controles del grupo primario en la vida de ciudad, algunos sociólogos han considerado analizar la situación resultante ...

  13. VULNERABILIDAD DEL PROTOCOLO MYSQL EN REDES LAN BAJO PLATAFORMA LINUX

    OpenAIRE

    César Augusto Sánchez Pacheco; José R. Fermin

    2009-01-01

    El propósito de la presente investigación es estudiar el nivel de vulnerabilidad del protocolo MySQL en una red LAN bajo plataforma LINUX. Para esto se utilizó la técnica de medición de tráfico mediante un software analizador de redes denominado Wireshark en su versión 1.0.3. El estudio se realizó interconectando un computador de medición en modo promiscuo a un puerto del enrutador, a su vez colocado en modo troncal hacia el servidor Mysql. La data obtenida se observa con claridad que la info...

  14. Variabilidad del flujo de CO2 del suelo bajo diferentes coberturas vegetales en el páramo de Guerrero

    OpenAIRE

    Peña Quemba, Diego Camilo

    2015-01-01

    El Páramo es un importante sumidero global de carbono. El secuestro de carbono en este ecosistema está relacionado con el bajo potencial de óxido-reducción, el alto contenido de agua y el ambiente húmedo. Las actividades antrópicas son una de las causas principales de la actual degradación de los páramos andinos y a su vez de la sostenibilidad de bienes y servicios ecosistémicos tales como la regulación hídrica, los ciclos biogeoquímicos y el recurso edáfico. El flujo de CO2 del suelo, o resp...

  15. ISO 639-1 and ISO 639-2: International Standards for Language Codes. ISO 15924: International Standard for Names of Scripts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrum, John D.

    This paper describes two international standards for the representation of the names of languages. The first (ISO 639-1), published in 1988, provides two-letter codes for 136 languages and was produced primarily to meet terminological needs. The second (ISO 639-2) appeared in late 1998 and includes three-letter codes for 460 languages. This list…

  16. Psicologia do Ambiente

    OpenAIRE

    Antunes, Dalila; Bernardo, Fátima; Palma-Oliveira, José-Manuel

    2011-01-01

    Na aplicação da Psicologia à área do AMBIENTE importa em primeiro lugar definir o que se entende, neste contexto, por ambiente. O conceito é entendido como toda a envolvente que rodeia o ser humano. Referimo-nos pois ao espaço físico e aos estímulos que nele existem (som, ar, paisagem…), dirigindo-se a Psicologia do Ambiente ao estudo e intervenção sobre a forma como o ambiente influencia o indivíduo ou grupos, e sobre o modo como o comportamento dos indivíduos e grupos influenciam o ambiente...

  17. Estudio de la adaptabilidad de cuatro genotipos de guisante (pisum setivum l. var. macrocarpon) bajo dos densidades y en dos localidades

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilar, Miguel; Brusco, Patricia; Martínez, Ricardo

    2011-01-01

    Se evaluó y comparó el comportamiento agronómico de cuatro variedades de guisante Pisum satim L. var. macrocarpon bajo dos densidades y en dos localidadesmediante cultivos a libre exposición durante dos semestres. Se midieron variables de tipo morfofisiológico y reproductivo. Las cuatro variedades se adaptaron bien al medio ambiente ya que sus rendimientos fueron bastante aceptables. La variedad Super Mel Sugar logró los mejores puntajesen rendimiento y calidad además de la mayor capacidad de...

  18. PROYECTO PARA LA IMPLEMENTACIÓN Y DISTRIBUCIÓN BAJO GPL DE UN ERP ORIENTADO A LAS TECNOLOGÍAS DE CONECTIVIDAD DE GRANDES REDES

    OpenAIRE

    David Grau Merconchini

    2007-01-01

    El objetivo principal de este proyecto es la creación en nuestro sistema económico de un Software para la Planificación de Recursos Empresariales (ERP), totalmente desarrollado y accesible bajo la visión y licencias GPLa, diseñado sobre modelos muy recientes de la arquitectura de software y optimizado para el trabajo en un ambiente de conectividad y grandes redes. Asimismo, el proyecto debe garantizar que la aplicación resultante se encuentre sincronizada y compatible con la visión de otros p...

  19. ALTERNATIVAS MICROBIOLÓGICAS PARA EL MANEJO DE Phytophthora cinnamomi Rands., EN Persea americana Mill. BAJO CONDICIONES DE CASA-MALLA

    OpenAIRE

    Joaquín G. Ramírez Gil; Darío A. Castañeda Sánchez; Juan G. Morales Osorio

    2014-01-01

    Para la producción de aguacate en Colombia es necesario establecer alternativas de manejo amigables con el medio ambiente y de bajo costo para el control de la enfermedad conocida como marchitez, cuyo principal agente causal es Phytophthora cinnamomi. El uso de microorganismos del suelo, es una opción viable para mejorar la nutrición y sanidad en Persea americana, buscando ser más competitivos en aras de afrontar los tratados de libre comercio y poder aprovechar el potencial exportador que pr...

  20. Atmosphere and Ambient Space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Ulrik

    Atmosphere and Ambient Space This paper explores the relation between atmosphere and ambient space. Atmosphere and ambient space share many salient properties. They are both ontologically indeterminate, constantly varying and formally diffuse and they are both experienced as a subtle, non......-signifying property of a given space. But from a certain point of view, the two concepts also designate quite dissimilar experiences of space. To be ’ambient’ means to surround. Accordingly, ambient space is that space, which surrounds something or somebody. (Gibson 1987: 65) Since space is essentially...... of a surrounding character, all space can thus be described as having a fundamentally ambient character. So what precisely is an ambient space, then? As I will argue in my presentation, ambient space is a sensory effect of spatiality when a space is experienced as being particularly surrounding: a ‘space effect...

  1. ISO Observations of Quasars and Quasar Hosts

    OpenAIRE

    Wilkes, Belinda J.

    1997-01-01

    The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO), launched in November 1995, allows us to measure the far-infrared (far-IR) emission of quasars in greater detail and over a wider energy range than previously possible. In this paper, preliminary results in a study of the 5--200 $\\mu m$ continuum of quasars and active galaxies are presented. Comparison of the spectral energy distributions show that, if the far-IR emission from quasars is thermal emission from galaxian dust, the host galaxies of quasars mus...

  2. El bosque invisible bajo el monte bajo : una mirada al sistema radical de las cepas de encina.

    OpenAIRE

    Serrada Hierro, Rafael; Bravo Fernandez, Jose Alfredo; Otero de Irizar, Javier; Ruiz-peinado Gertrudix, R.; Mutke Regneri, Sven; Roig Gómez, Sonia

    2013-01-01

    La extensa superficie ocupada en la cuenca mediterránea por tallares de Quercus antiguamente explotados en monte bajo y su preocupante situación como consecuencia del abandono de la gestión han justificado en los últimos años el análisis de su estado actual y de posibles tratamientos. Sin embargo, en muy pocos casos se aborda el estudio de los sistemas radicales debido a la obvia dificultad de acceder a ellos. Este trabajo presenta la metodología y resultados preliminares de la caracterizació...

  3. Bajo materialismo y surrealismo. El debate Bataille-Breton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noelia Denise Dunan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Hacia 1923 Georges Bataille era un joven desconocido que comenzaba a entablar amistades y también enemistades en el núcleo del movimiento surrealista e intelectual de París. Alentado por algunos de aquellos vínculos, lee a Mauss y Durkheim, Nietzsche y Freud y, comienza a delinear un pensamiento que se plasmará en la creación de Documents. Resulta difícil comprender la relevancia de esta revista y la producción batailleana sin referir a sus primeras lecturas y al debate que tempranamente entabló con el máximo exponente del movimiento surrealista, André Breton. Bataille coordinó allí un grupo de disidentes y convirtió la publicación en una máquina contra el surrealismo. El presente artículo desarrolla la formación de Bataille para hacer hincapié en la categoría de bajo materialismo construida en tensión entre el idealismo surrealista y los distintos materialismos. Así puede verse que Documents y el bajo materialismo conjugan las preocupaciones que perseguirá toda su vida.

  4. Perubahan Sosial Pada Komunitas Suku Bajo Di Pesisir Teluk Tomini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Obie

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Society and culture of human being always change as an ever –present phenomena in the world. A distinction is sometimes made then between processes of change within the social structure, which serve in part to maintain the structure, and, even the processes itself can be slow or fast through evolusion and revolusion.   One of the factors that quicken the social change process is the government interventions. This study aims at analyzing the social change on the Bajo Tribe community as the impact of various government programs at Tomini bay coastal. This research used strategy of historical sociology. The kinds of data collected were primer and secondary data that were analyzed by using qualitative approac. The result showed that various   government programs at Tomini bay, such as designating conservation area, granting concession license to private sectors through forest concession right (FCR, indefeasible right of use (IRU, and fishing industry at the bay had caused the loss of access of the Bajo tribe community to coastal and marine resources area. Various interventions of government programs had implication on resettlement of the Bajo tribe community, causing the Bajo tribe divided into sea Bajo and land Bajo. The loss of access of the Bajo tribe to coastal and marine resources caused traditional institution weaken which made its philosophy of living in harmony with nature, and  conservation ethics fade away, its local wisdom, and self identity lose, and its social capital destructed.  الملخص: كان المجتمع وحضارته متغيّرين في أيّ كان المجتمع وهذه الحضارة. ويكون الفرق في كون هذا التغيّر. قد تكون عملية التغيّر متمهّلة أو سريعة وقد تكون عن طريق التطوّر والثّورة. وأحد العناصر المسرعة في عملية هذا التغيّر هو تدخّل الحكومة. حاولت هذه

  5. Itsetietoinen suurvalta:Iso-Britannian suhtautuminen Bosnian kriisiin 1908 - 1909

    OpenAIRE

    Berg, H.

    2013-01-01

    Pro gradu -tutkielmani tarkastelee Iso-Britannian suhtautumista Bosnian kriisiksi kutsuttuun tapahtumasarjaan, joka käynnistyi kun Itävalta-Unkari liitti ennen Turkille kuuluneet Bosnian ja Hertsegovinan maakunnat alueisiinsa vuonna 1908. Kriisi päättyi seuraavana vuonna Serbian tunnustettua viimeisenä valtiona maakuntien liittämisen kaksoismonarkiaan. Iso-Britannian suhtautumisen kautta pyrin erittelemään Iso-Britannian ulkopolitiikan pyrkimyksiä kriisin aikana ja yleisemmin. Arvioin kuinka ...

  6. ISO 9001 Implementation Barriers and Misconceptions:An Empirical Study

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Despite the widespread use of ISO 9001 and the many certified organizations in the Arab countries, only five Iraqi organizations were ISO certified at the end of 2008. The purpose of this empirical study is to examine the various barriers and misconceptions that impede ISO 9001 implementation in the service and manufacturing sectors in Iraq. In order to identify these factors a structured survey was conducted using a random sample of 50 directors in service and manufacturing organizations in ...

  7. The European Large Area ISO Survey: Latest Result

    OpenAIRE

    Oliver, Seb; Serjeant, S.; Efstathiou, A.; Crockett, H.; Gruppioni, C; La Franca, F.; Rowan-Robinson, M.; Consortium, the ELAIS

    2000-01-01

    We present some recent results from the European Large Area ISO Survey (ELAIS). This survey was the largest non-serendipitous ISO field survey. A preliminary reduction has recently been completed and catalogues of sources released to the community. Early results show strongly evolving source counts. A comprehensive identification programme is underway and a number of extremely luminous objects have already been discovered. This survey provides an exciting legacy from the ISO mission and (amon...

  8. ADOPTION OF ISO 9001 QUALITY MANAGEMENT STANDARD IN AFRICA

    OpenAIRE

    Erlantz Allur; Iñaki Heras-Saizarbitoria

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes the dissemination of ISO 9001, the main global management standards, within Africa. The work refers to the diffusion of ISO 9001 standard in terms of its certification intensity. In this article, the dissemination of ISO 9001 in Africa has been analyzed. The findings reveal that the diffusion of the standard in this continent is not very relevant, what might be seen as an indicator of the process of Africa's trade marginalization in the age of globalization. The general ...

  9. Zur Normierung gesellschaftlicher Verantwortung – ISO 26000 im analytischen Vergleich mit ISO 14000 und SA8000 (Standardizing Social Responsibility – Comparing ISO 26000 with ISO 14000 and SA8000)

    OpenAIRE

    Hahn, Ruediger

    2013-01-01

    Verschiedene Normen befassen sich mit Teilaspekten gesellschaftlicher Verantwortung. Mit ISO 26000 liegt nun erstmalig eine Norm zur ganzheitlichen Umsetzung gesellschaftlicher Verantwortung in Managementprozessen vor. Anders als z.B. ISO 14000 und SA8000 ist ISO 26000 jedoch nicht als Managementsystem-Standard konzipiert. Um was fuer einen Normtyp handelt es sich also und welche Wirkungsweisen, Moeglichkeiten und Grenzen sind damit verbunden? Der Beitrag widmet sich diesen Fragen im Rahmen e...

  10. New Dust Features Observed with ISO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tielens, Alexander G. G. M.; Young, Richard E. (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    This paper will review our current knowledge of circumstellar and interstellar dust with the emphasis on infrared spectroscopy with ISO. Objects embedded in or located behind molecular clouds show a wealth of absorption features due to simple molecules in an icy mantle. The SWS on ISO has provided us, for the first time, with complete 3-45 um spectra which allow an inventory of interstellar ice. Among the species identified are H2O, CH3OH, CH4, CO2, CO, and OCS. These species are formed through simple reactions among gas phase species accreted on grain surfaces, possibly modified by FUV photolysis and warm-up (ie., outgassing). The implications of the observations for our understanding of these processes will be reviewed. The IR spectra of many UV bright objects are dominated by strong emission features at 3.3, 6.2, 7.7, and 11.3 micrometers. These are generally attributed to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) molecules. The observational evidence will be reviewed. The emphasis will be on recent data which show widespread spectral variations, particularly among protoplanetary and planetary nebulae, and their implications. One of the most exciting, recent discoveries on interstellar and circumstellar dust has been the detection of spectral structure due to crystalline olivine and enstatite in a variety of objects surrounded by circumstellar silicates. These spectra will be reviewed and circumstellar silicate mineralogy will be discussed.

  11. Experience with ISO quality control in assisted reproductive technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alper, Michael M

    2013-12-01

    Assisted reproductive technology (ART) programs are complex organizations requiring the integration of multiple disciplines. ISO 9001:2008 is a quality management system that is readily adaptable to an ART program. The value that ISO brings to the entire organization includes control of documents, clear delineation of responsibilities of staff members, documentation of the numerous processes and procedures, improvement in tracking and reducing errors, and overall better control of systems. A quality ART program sets quality objectives and monitors their progress. ISO provides a sense of transparency within the organization and clearer understanding of how service is provided to patients. Most importantly, ISO provides the framework to allow for continual improvement. PMID:24112531

  12. The new international standard ISO 14001: 2004 environmental management system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ISO 14001 is one standard in the ISO 14000 series of standards developed by International Organization of Standardization (ISO). Since it was published in 19096, it has rapidly become the most important environmental standard in the world. ISO 14001 is an environmental management system (EMS) that can be classified into environmental technologies provides a systematic procedure to all kind of organizations to prevent pollutions, protect environment and to improve their overall environmental performance. This new standard ISO 14001 2004 was published on November 15, 2004. It cancels and replaced the old ISO 14001-1996. Because the important of the previous standard for our local industries, firms, ...etc, this paper presents ISO 14001 concepts, issues, benefits and focuses on the stages of implementation to achieve ISO 14001-2004 certification which includes general requirements environmental policy, planning (objectives, targets ..), implementation and operations, checking and management review ...etc and presents how to apply isotop time saver software to design records, and to save time to implement ISO 14001 2004 and finally a conclusion is provided.(Author)

  13. Risk in Management Systems according to ISO standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Królas

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article was to present selected management standards in context of risk management. It presents main ISOmanagement standards (ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001, ISO 27001, BS 25999, ISO 31000 that apply to polish enterprises. In thefirst part of this article there are analyzed management standards regarding quality, environment, occupational health and safety,information security, as well as business continuity management and risk management. The second part of the article discusses the processof dealing with risk based on chosen management standard.

  14. Temperatura y rangos de confort térmico en viviendas de bajo costo en clima árido seco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Herrera Sosa

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Este documento presenta los resultados de un estudio de campo para determinar la temperatura de confort de habitantes de viviendas de bajo costo en dos ciudades de clima cálido-seco al norte de México: Chihuahua (28º LN, 106º LO y Ciudad Juárez (31ºLN, 106ºLO. El estudio de campo se realizó con el enfoque adaptativo de confort térmico y de acuerdo con los requerimientos de la ISO 10551. El estudio fue aplicado a 531 habitantes de viviendas construidas por el Instituto de Vivienda de Chihuahua, durante dos periodos: temporada de invierno (febrero y temporada de verano (julio. Como el clima de la región tiene características de climas "asimétricos", llamado así por Nicol (1993, los datos obtenidos en el estudio de campo se analizaron mediante el Método Intervalos de los Promedios de Sensación Térmica (IPST (Gómez-Azpeitia, et. al, 2009. La investigación tiene como objetivos evaluar este tipo de viviendas que ofrece el gobierno local y proponer recomendaciones para el diseño de nuevas viviendas.

  15. Analysis of ISO NE Balancing Requirements: Uncertainty-based Secure Ranges for ISO New England Dynamic Inerchange Adjustments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Wu, Di; Hou, Zhangshuan; Sun, Yannan; Maslennikov, S.; Luo, X.; Zheng, T.; George, S.; Knowland, T.; Litvinov, E.; Weaver, S.; Sanchez, E.

    2013-01-31

    The document describes detailed uncertainty quantification (UQ) methodology developed by PNNL to estimate secure ranges of potential dynamic intra-hour interchange adjustments in the ISO-NE system and provides description of the dynamic interchange adjustment (DINA) tool developed under the same contract. The overall system ramping up and down capability, spinning reserve requirements, interchange schedules, load variations and uncertainties from various sources that are relevant to the ISO-NE system are incorporated into the methodology and the tool. The DINA tool has been tested by PNNL and ISO-NE staff engineers using ISO-NE data.

  16. Iso 19011:2002--a combined auditing standard for quality and environmental management systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, G L

    2000-01-01

    In a precedent-setting decision in 1998, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) directed ISO Technical Committee (TC) 176 on Quality Management and ISO TC 207 on Environmental Management to develop jointly a single guideline standard for auditing quality and environmental management systems. When approved, this standard would replace ISO 10011-1, ISO 10011-2, and ISO 10011-3 on quality auditing and ISO 14010, ISO 14011, and ISO 14012 on environmental auditing. A Joint Working Group (JWG) was established comprising experts from both TC 176 and TC 207 to develop the new standard, ISO 19011, Guidelines on Quality and/or Environmental Management Systems Auditing, and to incorporate lessons learned from efforts to improve compatibility between ISO 9001/9004 and ISO 14001/14004, the standards for quality and environmental management systems, respectively. Work is proceeding on the development of ISO 19011 with an expected completion in early 2002. PMID:12008882

  17. Mednarodni standardi - veličine in enote (ISO 31-0 do 31-13)

    OpenAIRE

    Glavič, Peter

    2015-01-01

    In this paper the international standards ISO 31 (Quantities and units) are presented with the following parts: ISO 31-0 (General principles), ISO 31-1 (Space and time), ISO 31-2 (Periodic and related phenomena), ISO 31-3 (Mechanics), ISO 31-4 (Heat), ISO 31-5 (Electricity and magnetism), ISO 31-8 (Physical chemistry and molecular physics), ISO 31-12 (Characteristic numbers)and others. The emphasis is given on the basic principles, which is important for writing of reports, presentations, art...

  18. Twenty new ISO standards on dosimetry for radiation processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty standards on essentially all aspects of dosimetry for radiation processing were published as new ISO standards in December 1998. The standards are based on 20 standard practices and guides developed over the past 14 years by Subcommittee E10.01 of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The transformation to ISO standards using the 'fast track' process under ISO Technical Committee 85 (ISO/TC85) commenced in 1995 and resulted in some overlap of technical information between three of the new standards and the existing ISO Standard 11137 Sterilization of health care products - Requirements for validation and routine control - Radiation sterilization. Although the technical information in these four standards was consistent, compromise wording in the scopes of the three new ISO standards to establish precedence for use were adopted. Two of the new ISO standards are specifically for food irradiation applications, but the majority apply to all forms of gamma, X-ray, and electron beam radiation processing, including dosimetry for sterilization of health care products and the radiation processing of fruit, vegetables, meats, spices, processed foods, plastics, inks, medical wastes, and paper. Most of the standards provide exact procedures for using individual dosimetry systems or for characterizing various types of irradiation facilities, but one covers the selection and calibration of dosimetry systems, and another covers the treatment of uncertainties using the new ISO Type A and Type B evaluations. Unfortunately, nine of the 20 standards just adopted by the ISO are not the most recent versions of these standards and are therefore already out of date. To help solve this problem, efforts are being made to develop procedures to coordinate the ASTM and ISO development and revision processes for these and future ASTM-originating dosimetry standards. In the meantime, an additional four dosimetry standards have recently been published by the ASTM but have

  19. Intermediate species measurement during iso-butanol auto-ignition

    KAUST Repository

    Ji, Weiqi

    2015-10-01

    © 2015 The Combustion Institute.Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This work presents the time histories of intermediate species during the auto-ignition of iso-butanol at high pressure and intermediate temperature conditions obtained using a rapid compression machine and recently developed fast sampling system. Iso-butanol ignition delays were acquired for iso-butanol/O2 mixture with an inert/O2 ratio of 7.26, equivalence ratio of 0.4, in the temperature range of 840-950 K and at pressure of 25 bar. Fast sampling and gas chromatography were used to acquire and quantify the intermediate species during the ignition delay of the same mixture at P = 25.3 bar and T = 905 K. The ignition delay times and quantitative measurements of the mole fraction time histories of methane, ethene, propene, iso-butene, iso-butyraldehyde, iso-butanol, and carbon monoxide were compared with predictions from the detailed mechanisms developed by Sarathy et al., Merchant et al., and Cai et al. It is shown that while the Sarathy mechanism well predicts the overall ignition delay time, it overpredicts ethene by a factor of 6-10, underpredicts iso-butene by a factor of 2, and overpredicts iso-butyraldehyde by a factor of 2. Reaction path and sensitivity analyses were carried out to identify the reactions responsible for the observed inadequacy. The rates of iso-butanol hydrogen atom abstraction by OH radical and the beta-scission reactions of hydroxybutyl radicals were updated based on recently published quantum calculation results. Significant improvements were achieved in predicting ignition delay at high pressures (25 and 30 bar) and the species concentrations of ethene and iso-butene. However, the updated mechanism still overpredicts iso-butyraldehyde concentrations. Also, the updated mechanism degrades the prediction in ignition delay at lower pressure (15 bar) compared to the original mechanism developed by Sarathy et al.

  20. Pasea: senderismo, cultura y naturaleza con Ecologistas en Acción. Una propuesta de Educación Ambiental

    OpenAIRE

    C. Lumbreras

    2005-01-01

    Pasea es un programa de educación ambiental, impulsado desde la asociación Ecologistas en Acción de Salamanca, bajo el formato de senderismo y convivencia con el fin de poner en valor los rasgos naturales y culturales de Salamanca, ayudado de los antiguos caminos, veredas, cordeles y calzadas, en visitas mensuales a cada una de las comarcas naturales, y bajo un clima amable de entretenimiento. En última instancia, y como base común a todas las salidas, cada paseo de Pasea está permit...

  1. Indicadores de desempeño ambiental en el marco de la ISO 2600 RS

    OpenAIRE

    María Ángela Jiménez Montañés

    2009-01-01

    La Responsabilidad Social Corporativa (RSC) es un instrumento que ayuda a conciliar objetivos económicos, sociales y medioambientales, a empresas de todos los tamaños, en cooperación con sus interlocutores o partes interesadas, defendiendo valores comunes y aumentando el sentido de la solidaridad y la cohesión, dentro del debate de la globalización, la competitividad y la sostenibilidad.El impacto de la RSC en la organización se manifiesta en tres dimensiones: económica, social y medioambient...

  2. La defensa de Hispania en el Bajo Imperio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto BALIL

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available La crisis político-militar-económica del Imperio romano, a mediados del siglo III, d. d. J. C, dejó sus huellas en la organización del Bajo Imperio romano. Uno de estos aspectos es la acentuación de los intereses militares, de los trabajos de fortificación y de la reorganización del ejército. Una reorganización que busca precisamente la creación de un ejército de reserva, un ejército de maniobra y de un ejército dotado de gran movilidad. Un sistema defensivo escalonado en profundidad frente al sistema de cobertura lineal del Alto Imperio.

  3. ISO/IEC's image interchange facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Christof; Hofmann, Georg R.

    1992-04-01

    This paper gives a technical description of the Image Interchange Facility (IIF), which comprises both a formate definition and a functional gateway specification. IIF is a part of the first International Image Processing and Interchange Standard (IPI), which is under elaboration by ISO/IEC JTC1/SC24. This paper reflects the related committee work performed up until January 1992. Considering the deficiencies and drawbacks of existing formats and current practices in exchanging digital images, the need for a new and more general approach to image interchange can be seen. This paper describes the requirements and design principles of the IIF data format and the IIF gateway. Furthermore, it explains the relation to the reference model for open communication (OSI) as well as the relation to the other parts of the IPI standard.

  4. ISO Images of Starbursts and Active Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Mirabel, I F

    1999-01-01

    We present some highlights from the mid-infrared (5-16 micron) images of mergers of massive galaxies obtained with the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). We have observed: 1) ultraluminous infrared nuclei, 2) luminous dust-enshrouded extranuclear starbursts, and 3) active galaxy nuclei (AGNs). In this contribution we discuss the observations of Arp 299, a prototype for very luminous infrared galaxies, the Antennae which is a prototype of mergers, and Centaurus A which is the closest AGN to Earth. From these observations we conclude the following: 1) the most intense starbursts in colliding systems of galaxies and the most massive stars are dust-enshrouded in regions that appear inconspicuous at optical wavelengths, 2) the most intense nuclear infrared sources are a combination of AGN and starburst activity, 3) the hosts of radio loud AGNs that trigger giant double-lobe structures may be symbiotic galaxies composed of barred spirals inside ellipticals.

  5. Iso-electric point of fluid

    CERN Document Server

    Wan, Li

    2016-01-01

    Iso-electric point(IEP) is the PH, at which the $\\zeta$ potential is measured to be zero. The occurrence of IEP has been understood due to the neutralization of surface charge density (SCD) at the solid-liquid interface. In this work, we use the potential trap model to study the sources of the surface charge density at verious PC and PH, by taking the water-silica system as an example. It is revealed that in the case of $PH9$. Due to the mass action law, the dissociation of water molecules is suppressed at the PH close to IEP, leading to a zero surface charge density. In this way, zero $\\zeta$ potential is obtained at the IEP. It has also been obtained that the increase of the salt concentration in the water can decrease the $\\zeta$ potential, but increase the surface charge density.

  6. ISO/TC 234, Fisheries and Aquaculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramona I. Costea

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The largest standard developing organization, ISO, works these days at International Standards for Fisheries and Aquaculture. They created a technical committee divided in six work groups that will have to establish cage technology, aquaculture environmental management, aquaculture technology, food safety for aquaculture farms, traceability of fishery products and environmental monitoring on the seabed’s impact from marine finfish farms. These standards will promote the sustainable development of the fisheries and aquaculture sectors, will develop specifications for technical equipment adapted to the local environment, will improve surveillance and management of marine resources, will enable international agreement on sampling methods, will improve the safety of employees and will establish a common terminology.

  7. El precedente jurisprudencial y los instrumentos de regulación ambiental del sector eléctrico colombiano.

    OpenAIRE

    Arcila Rueda, Jaime León; Velásquez Arredondo, Héctor Iván

    2011-01-01

    Lo que los autores del derecho del medio ambiente han denominado la constitución verde o la constitución ecológica de 1991, necesariamente tiene consecuencias en la praxis legal de los instrumentos de gestión ambiental en todos los niveles y sectores de la economía, sobre todo si lo anterior se analiza en el marco del Estado Social de Derecho, que consagra igualmente la carta política; bajo esta perspectiva, es posible comprender los vacios e inconsistencias de la gestión ambiental en el sect...

  8. ISO Published First International Space Standard Developed By China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ The Beijing Institute of Astronautical Systems Engineering, a subsidiary of China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, and China Astronautics Standard Institute jointly developed a standard for launch-vehicle-to-spacecraft flight environments telemetry data processing, which was published by International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in January 2009 issued with series number ISO 15862:2009.

  9. The 252Cf neutron spectrum in ISO Standard 8529

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The provenance of the 252Cf neutron spectrum tabulated in ISO Standard 8529 Part 1 is discussed in the light of queries raised in an earlier ESARDA article. It is shown that neither the ISO spectrum nor a Maxwellian representation is compatible with the most recent evaluation of this important standard spectrum.

  10. Governing Information Security in Conjunction with COBIT and ISO 27001

    OpenAIRE

    Tolga Mataracioglu; Sevgi Ozkan

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, after giving a brief definition of Information Security Management Systems (ISMS), ISO 27001, IT governance and COBIT, pros and cons of implementing only COBIT, implementing only IS0 27001 and implementing both COBIT and ISO 27001 together when governing information security in enterprises will be issued.

  11. Evaluating Education Quality in Terms of ISO9000 Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fengchun, Cheng; Vogel, Linda R.; Zhaoyu, Zheng

    2014-01-01

    While nations measure the quality of educational systems by different standards, many nations, such as China, have adopted the ISO9000 quality standards to assess the quality of schools. This article explores the various elements of the the ISO9000 standards and how each element relates to the various groups that are consumers or stakeholders in…

  12. ISO 14001 ENVIRONMENTL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY

    Science.gov (United States)

    Two new USEPA documents address environmental management systems (EMS) from the perspectives of government and industry and are offered as tools for understanding the process of the ISO 14000 Standards development and usefulness of an EMS approach. The first document, ISO 14001 -...

  13. Governing Information Security In Conjunction With Cobit And Iso 27001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolga Mataracioglu

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, after giving a brief definition of Information Security Management Systems (ISMS, ISO 27001, IT governance and COBIT, pros and cons of implementing only COBIT, implementing only IS0 27001 and implementing both COBIT and ISO 27001 together when governing information security in enterprises will be issued.

  14. The ISO-IRAS Faint Galaxy Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Harding E.

    1999-01-01

    As part of the ISO-IRAS Faint Galaxy Survey ISO Satellite observations of over 600 IRAS sources have been obtained with the ISOCAM instrument. Because our survey strategy involved relatively short integrations, great care was required in developing analysis software including cosmic-ray and transient removal and calibration. These observations have now been through final pipeline processing at IPAC and ground-based follow-up is ongoing. The observations are for sources from two samples: a " Filler' sample selected to be at z greater than 0.1 and a fainter sample which selected for the highest redshift galaxies in the IRAS survey, with redshifts 0.2 less than z less than 1.0. I now have obtained ground-based follow-up spectrophotometry at Lick and Palomar observatories for 100 LFIRGs with 0.1 less than z less than 0.7. Our observations have confirmed that these systems are comparable to nearby LFIRGs such as Arp 220, with L (sub -)(fir) greater than 10(exp 11) L(sub -) sun and typically HII/Liner optical excitation. About 10% of the galaxies show true AGN (Sy2) excitation. Based on our work on a nearby complete sample of LFIRGS, we believe that the majority of these systems are luminous Starbursts, thus this project is tracing the luminous end of the galaxy star-forming luminosity function - the (infrared) star-formation history of the Universe to z approx. 1, a topic of some considerable recent interest. A by-product of these ISOCAM observations is approximately 1 square degree of deep 2 microns pointings outside the IRAS error boxes, allowing us an independent estimate of the mid-infrared log N - log S relation. Ground-based observations of this sample are continuing.

  15. Manufacturing Bms/Iso System Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez, Yazmin

    2004-01-01

    The Quality Management System (QMS) is one that recognizes the need to continuously change and improve an organization s products and services as determined by system feedback, and corresponding management decisions. The purpose of a Quality Management System is to minimize quality variability of an organization's products and services. The optimal Quality Management System balances the need for an organization to maintain flexibility in the products and services it provides with the need for providing the appropriate level of discipline and control over the processes used to provide them. The goal of a Quality Management System is to ensure the quality of the products and services while consistently (through minimizing quality variability) meeting or exceeding customer expectations. The GRC Business Management System (BMS) is the foundation of the Center's ISO 9001:2000 registered quality system. ISO 9001 is a quality system model developed by the International Organization for Standardization. BMS supports and promote the Glenn Research Center Quality Policy and wants to ensure the customer satisfaction while also meeting quality standards. My assignment during this summer is to examine the manufacturing processes used to develop research hardware, which in most cases are one of a kind hardware, made with non conventional equipment and materials. During this process of observation I will make a determination, based on my observations of the hardware development processes the best way to meet customer requirements and at the same time achieve the GRC quality standards. The purpose of my task is to review the manufacturing processes identifying opportunities in which to optimize the efficiency of the processes and establish a plan for implementation and continuous improvement.

  16. Biodegradability evaluation of polymers by ISO 14855-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funabashi, Masahiro; Ninomiya, Fumi; Kunioka, Masao

    2009-10-01

    Biodegradabilities of polymers and their composites in a controlled compost were described. Polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were employed as biodegradable polymers. Biodegradabilities of PCL and PLA samples in a controlled compost were measured using a Microbial Oxidative Degradation Analyzer (MODA) according to ISO 14855-2. Sample preparation method for biodegradation test according to ISO/DIS 10210 was also described. Effects of sizes and shapes of samples on biodegradability were studied. Reproducibility of biodegradation test of ISO 14855-2 by MODA was confirmed. Validity of sample preparation method for polymer pellets, polymer film, and polymer products of ISO/DIS 10210 for ISO 14855-2 was confirmed. PMID:20111676

  17. INTEGRATION MODEL OF ISO 14001 WITH LEAN PRINCIPLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. L. Puvanasvaran

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Lean principles and ISO 14001 are key business process strategies which are employed by companies to enchance their manufacturing performance and business efficiencies. The primary objective of the paper is to provide a conceptual framework through an effective integration of these two systems for enhanced business efficiency and productivity. The research methodology applied in the context of this study is based on preliminary literature review of ISO 14001 standards and Lean Principles. The findings contributed to the framing of new conceptual framework that combines the benefits of both Lean Principles and ISO 14001 principles for enhanced business efficiencies and continual improvement. This study concluded that the intergration of lean principles into ISO 14001 will serve pratical methods for ISO 14001 to achieve the continual improvement.

  18. ISO 2789 and ISO 11620: Short Presentation of Standards as Reference Documents in an Assessment Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Yves Renard

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to show how international standards dealing with library statistics and indicators (ISO 2789, ISO 11620 and others projects which are still under development can be used as reference documents and strategic tools in a performance assessment process. The task is not an easy one, because it requires linking up somewhat complex entities such as the standardization work characteristics, the capacity of statistics to account for reality and, lastly, the variety and speed of libraries’ advancement. Nevertheless, ISO 2789 (International Library Statistics and ISO 11620 (Performance indicators for libraries, which are based on an international consensus of experts, take into account, as much as possible, the recent evolutions in library structures and services. In addition, they are related to classical and shared assessment models. So, although their aim is not to draw up an assessment framework, they reveal themselves useful for basic operations in such a framework: to define objects and services, and to classify, count and build appropriate indicators. Moreover, as the issue of quantifying and promoting intangible assets becomes a concern in the public sector, these standards can be seen as a first attempt to define library resources and services as such intangible assets. Finally, the challenge of forthcoming evolutions of these standards is the ability to stay up-to-date in a very quickly evolving context. More precisely, the increase in the usability of these standards must be based on an ongoing search for more consistent data and relevant indicators. The question of improvement of the general design of the statistics and indicators standards family should also be addressed.

  19. Tecnología de riego y fertirrigación en ambientes controlados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo E. Camejo B.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se establecen criterios para el manejo y la operación del riego en ambientes controlados (casas de cultivo, así como el uso de la fertilización combinada y los criterios a seguir para realizar un manejo adecuado del sistema de riego de forma tal que satisfaga las necesidades hídricas del cultivo de acuerdo a la fase de desarrollo, bajo el principio de la conservación de los recursos naturales y la preservación del medio ambiente.

  20. ISO26000系列讲座:ISO26000制定过程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元桥

    2011-01-01

    @@ 1创新独特的工作机制 ISO/TMB(国际标准化组织技术管理局)希望以ISO 26000的制定为契机,进行全面的开拓性探索,开展国际标准化创新试验:一方面是标准内容创新,即:国际标准化的内容将不再仅限于传统的技术领域,而是扩展到包括社会科学领域在内的所有领域,正如时任ISO/TMB副主席的ZivaPatir女士所言,"只要市场需要且符合ISO战略,没有什么是国际标准化工作不可以涉及的","我们的传统任务是促进产品、服务、过程、材料和系统的标准化.

  1. Usability evaluation of mobile applications using ISO 9241 and ISO 25062 standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moumane, Karima; Idri, Ali; Abran, Alain

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical study based on a set of measures to evaluate the usability of mobile applications running on different mobile operating systems, including Android, iOS and Symbian. The aim is to evaluate empirically a framework that we have developed on the use of the Software Quality Standard ISO 9126 in mobile environments, especially the usability characteristic. To do that, 32 users had participated in the experiment and we have used ISO 25062 and ISO 9241 standards for objective measures by working with two widely used mobile applications: Google Apps and Google Maps. The QUIS 7.0 questionnaire have been used to collect measures assessing the users' level of satisfaction when using these two mobile applications. By analyzing the results we highlighted a set of mobile usability issues that are related to the hardware as well as to the software and that need to be taken into account by designers and developers in order to improve the usability of mobile applications. PMID:27190747

  2. RELASI SISTEM MANAJEMEN LINGKUNGAN ISO 14001 DAN KINERJA KEUANGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Memed Sueb

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memeriksa dan menganalisis efek dari implementasi sistem manajemen lingkungan (EMS ISO 14001 terhadap kinerja keuangan perusahaan-perusahaan yang terdaftar di bursa efek indonesia hingga 2008. Elemen sistem manajemen lingkungan yang satu dengan lainnya mempunyai hubungan dan saling mempengaruhi. Elemen yang mempunyai hubungan paling kuat adalah penerapan dan operasi, dan pengkajian manajemen, sedangkan elemen yang mempunyai hubungan paling lemah adalah kebijakan lingkungan dan tindakan pemeriksaan dan perbaikan. Implementasi sistem manajemen lingkungan berpengaruh positip terhadap pencapaian kinerja keuangan pada perusahaan yang sudah memperoleh sertifikat ISO 14001 dan terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia. Penerapan dan operasi merupakan salah satu elemen SML ISO 14001 yang sangat berpengaruh dalam pencapaian kinerja keuangan.  Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap perusahaan yang listing di Bursa Efek Indonesia yang sudah mendapatkan sertifikasi ISO 14001. Lebih lanjut dapat dilakukan penilaian terhadap perusahaan yang belum menerima ISO 14001.  This study aims to examine and to analyze the effect of Environmental Management System (EMS ISO 14001 implementation toward the financial performance of companies which is listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange until 2008. The Elements of environmental management system which has a relationship with each other and influence each other. The implementation and operation has the strongest relationship toward management assessment,while environmental policy and measures inspection has the weakest relationship toward repair. EMS ISO 14001 implementation has positive effects on financial performance that have registered at the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Implementation and operation is one of the elements of EMS ISO 14001 which are very influential in the achievement of financial performance. The research was conducted on the company’s listing who have received ISO 14001

  3. Sertifikatõ ISO - mafioznaja struktura so znakom pljuss / Olesja Bõkova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bõkova, Olesja

    2005-01-01

    Esimesed ISO sertifikaadid, mille aluseks on briti kvaliteedi standardite süsteem, anti Euroopa Liidus välja 1987. a. ISO sertifikaadid Eestis. Diagramm: Välja antud ISO 9000 sertifikaadid 1994-2004

  4. Habilidad combinatoria general y específica de líneas endogámicas de maíz tolerantes a bajo fósforo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredy Antonio Salazar Villarreal

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Los cruzamientos dialelos de 12 padres contrastantes en la toma y uso de fósforo se evaluaron en dos niveles de fósforo (4 y 15 ppm usando un diseño experimental de alpha lattice con tres repeticiones. Se usó el diseño genético propuesto por Hallauer y Miranda. En bajo y alto fósforo se encontraron diferencias altamente significativas entre los genotipos, i.e. cruzamientos (C, padres (P y PvsC. En alto fósforo, PvsC explicaron 58% de la suma de cuadrados de los genotipos y los cruzamientos 66% en bajo fósforo. En bajo fósforo se encontraron diferencias altamente significativas para el contraste de tolerantes (T vs susceptibles (S. Los cruzamientos de padres TxT, SxS y TxS fueron estadísticamente diferentes, lo que sugirió que el carácter es poligénico. HCG y HCE fueron altamente significativas en los dos ambientes y HCE fue tres veces más grande, lo que sugirió que en la tolerancia a bajo fósforo son más importantes los efectos genéticos no aditivos.

  5. CAMBIOS EN LAS RESERVAS DE CARBONO ORGÁNICO DEL SUELO BAJO DIFERENTES COBERTURAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José I. Bojórquez Serrano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Las reservas de carbono orgánico en los suelos (COS y sus cambios en el tiempo son un tema ambiental de actualidad, asimismo las pérdidas de COS que ocurren con la conversión de ecosistemas naturales a agrosistemas, contribuyen con emisiones a la atmósfera, al calentamiento global y el cambio climático. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar los cambios en las reservas de COS bajo diferentes coberturas de la cuenca del río Mololoa, Nayarit, México. El análisis de los cambios se realiza por diferencia en las reservas de COS en los primeros 20 cm de 13 perfiles de suelos con diferentes coberturas, dos en bosques de encino, dos en bosques de pino, uno en pastizal, uno en cultivo de aguacate y siete en terrenos cultivados con caña de azúcar. Las coberturas estables de bosque y pastizal generan ganancias en las reservas de COS; siendo el pastizal el que registra la mayor cantidad (2,65 Mg ha -1 año -1 , seguido por el bosque de encino (0,40-0,47 Mg ha -1 año -1 , el bosque de pino (0,15-0,38 Mg ha -1 año -1 y la arboleda de aguacate (0,29 Mg ha -1 año -1 . Mientras que la cobertura de cultivo de caña de azúcar generó pérdidas en las reservas de COS, entre 0,12-0,84 Mg ha -1 año -1

  6. Panorama de aplicação da norma ISO 14001 no Brasil An overview of the application of ISO 14001 in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Ramalho Pombo

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem como objetivo traçar um panorama de aplicação da norma ISO 14001:2004 no Brasil, de forma a apresentar informações importantes sobre o processo de certificação ambiental ao qual as empresas brasileiras têm se submetido. A certificação em conformidade com a norma ISO 14001:2004, nos dias atuais, é um requisito indispensável para as organizações que almejam atingir o mercado internacional. Porém, as empresas de pequeno porte encontram dificuldades em obter tal certificação, principalmente devido aos custos de implantação do sistema de gestão ambiental. As empresas tendem a incorporar novos aspectos às certificações, integrando seus sistemas: ambiental, de qualidade, e de saúde e segurança no trabalho. Em países em desenvolvimento com grandes desigualdades sociais, como o Brasil, vislumbra-se ainda uma tendência recente muito promissora, a responsabilidade social empresarial. A região brasileira predominante, em termos de número de certificações emitidas, é a sudeste, tendo como destaque o estado de São Paulo, que possui cerca de 50% dos certificados, enquanto a Petrobras é a empresa de maior destaque no cenário brasileiro. No Brasil, os setores industriais automotivo, petroquímico e químico e o setor de prestação de serviços são os que possuem o maior número de certificações.The present work aims at displaying the overall scenario for the application of the ISO 14001:2004 standard in Brazil, in order to get important information about the environmental certification process that Brazilian companies have been undergone. Achievement of ISO 14001:2004 certification is nowadays a mandatory requirement for organizations that desire to reach international markets. However, small companies find it hard to obtain such certification, mainly due to the high cost of deployment of the environmental management system implementation. Companies tend to add new aspects to the their certification

  7. Sistema Integrado de Gestión de Calidad y Medio Ambiente

    OpenAIRE

    Rosado-Muñoz, María Esther

    2013-01-01

    El principal objetivo de este Trabajo Fin de Máster es el diseño de un sistema integrado de gestión de calidad y medio ambiente para una empresa constructora ficticia, ERM Construcciones, S.A cumpliendo así con los requisitos establecidos en las normas internacionales UNE-EN ISO 9001:2008 y UNE-EN ISO 14001:2004 y, las más comúnmente utilizadas en España para la certificación de sistemas de gestión.

  8. ISO Spectroscopy of Proto-Planetary Nebulae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hrivnak, Bruce J.

    2000-01-01

    The goal of this program was to determine the chemical properties of the dust shells around protoplanetary nebulae (PPNs) through a study of their short-wavelength (6-45 micron) infrared spectra. PPNs are evolved stars in transition from the asymptotic giant branch to the planetary nebula stages. Spectral features in the 10 to 20 gm region indicate the chemical nature (oxygen- or carbon-rich), and the strengths of the features relate to the physical properties of the shells. A few bright carbon-rich PPNs have been observed to show PAH features and an unidentified 21 micron emission feature. We used the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) to observe a sample of IRAS sources that have the expected properties of PPNs and for which we have accurate positions. Some of these have optical counterparts (proposal SWSPPN01) and some do not (SWSPPN02). We had previously observed these from the ground with near-infrared photometry and, for those with visible counterparts, visible photometry and spectroscopy, which we have combined with these new ISO data in the interpretation of the spectra. We have completed a study of the unidentified emission feature at 21 micron in eight sources. We find the shape of the feature to be the same in all of the sources, with no evidence of any substructure. The ratio of the emission peak to continuum ranges from 0.13 to 1.30. We have completed a study of seven PPNs and two other carbon-rich objects for which we had obtained ISO 2-45 micron observations. The unidentified emission features at 21 and 30 micron were detected in six sources, including four new detections of the 30 micron feature. This previously unresolved 30 micron feature was resolved and found to consist of a broad feature peaking at 27.2 micron (the "30 micron" feature) and a narrower feature peaking at 25.5 micron (the "26 micron" feature). This new 26 micron feature is detected in eight sources and is particularly strong in IRAS Z02229+6208 and 16594-4656. The unidentified

  9. The ISO View of Star Forming Galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helou, George

    1999-01-01

    ISO studies of normal galaxies in the local Universe have revealed basic new properties whose significant implications for the star formation process and cosmology are only starting to be understood. This review will touch on the general results of a statistical nature, and provide a quick summary of the profusion of exciting results on individual objects. In the mid-infrared, PHT-S has established that the spectra of star forming galaxies between 6 and-13microns are dominated by the Aromatic Features in Emission (AFE), and show little variation as a function of the heating intensity. The Carriers of the AFE (CAFE) are thus a universal component of dust with standard properties, and contribute between 10 and 25% of the total dust luminosity. In addition to AFE, the spectra show a low-level continuum detectable at wavelengths longer than 3.5microns whose origin is still under investigation. The mid-infrared colors formed as the ratio of flux densities in the 6.75micron and the 15micron bands of ISO-CAM remain essentially constant and near unity for quiescent and mildly active galaxies. As dust heating increases further, the 15micron flux increases steeply compared to 6.75microns, indicating that dust heated to 100KISO-PHOT is starting to constrain the distribution of dust temperatures at the low end of the temperature scale. From LWS data, the far-infrared fine-structure lines of [CII] and [OI], which provide most of the cooling for warm atomic gas, show variations that have remained controversial in their interpretation. In particular, as the galaxy become more active in star formation, its [CII] flux weakens relative to total dust emission while the [OI] does not. This behavior has attracted much interest because it extrapolates to the most active galaxies, making them weaker in [CII] than previously expected. Several explanations for the effect have been advanced, and will be discussed in this review. Spectroscopy with SWS has measured molecular hydrogen in

  10. ADOPTION OF ISO 9001 QUALITY MANAGEMENT STANDARD IN AFRICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erlantz Allur

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the dissemination of ISO 9001, the main global management standards, within Africa. The work refers to the diffusion of ISO 9001 standard in terms of its certification intensity. In this article, the dissemination of ISO 9001 in Africa has been analyzed. The findings reveal that the diffusion of the standard in this continent is not very relevant, what might be seen as an indicator of the process of Africa's trade marginalization in the age of globalization. The general certification intensity of the continet is of 0.18; in other words, the proportion of the contribution of Africa to the global GDP of the world is more than five times superior to the proportion of ISO 9001 certificates located in Africa. By means of the logistic model the dissemination of ISO 9001 is forecasted, and it has been observed that the diffusion of ISO 9001 in Africa is in an 85% of its saturation point. Taking into account this model, it's expected that the dissemination of ISO 9001 will be growing until 2020.

  11. Caracterización nutricional del cactus nopal (Opuntia ficus-indica bajo diferentes tratamientos de fertilización

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Rodríguez-M.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Nuestro planeta se enfrenta actualmente a grandes cambios en su ambiente natural, no sólo como consecuencia de su evolución, sino también del acelerado proceso de degradación antrópica. Dentro de este contexto se origina la necesidad de buscar soluciones que mitiguen el bajo nivel de vida del campesino, dadas las precarias condiciones de muchos de los actuales ecosistemas, que no permiten implementar los modelos tradicionales de explotación desmesurada de los recursos. El cactus nopal  (Opuntia ficus-indica ofrece ventajas en la producción animal, presentándose como una alternativa agroecológica, fácil de implementar en zonas semiáridas bajo condiciones adversas y con un mínimo de insumosagropecuarios. El  objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el desempeño nutricional del cactus nopal bajo cuatro tipos de fertilización, mediante el análisis proximal de alimentos, implementado en el laboratorio de nutrición animal de la Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, UPTC sede Tunja, en los especímenes de cactus nopal existentes en el jardín botánico de la misma. Se utilizaron cuatro tipos de tratamientos para la fertilización: 1.Químico, 2.Orgánico, 3. Químico + Orgánico y 4.Testigo, aplicados en intervalos de veinte (20 días, por tres veces, aplicando también agua en un riego semanal; tiempo al cabo del cual se realizó la valoraciónnutricional, en donde el Tratamiento 2 (Orgánico fue el de mejor desempeño, seguido por el Tratamiento 3, luego el tratamiento 1 y, por último, el tratamiento 4 (testigo.

  12. La gestión de documentos de archivo en el actual contexto organizacional y la introducción a la Norma ISO 15489 The archive documents management in the current organizational context and introduction to ISO 15489 Standard

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge del Castillo Guevara; Mayra Marta Mena Mugica

    2011-01-01

    Se aborda la gestión documental en el contexto organizacional actual. Se examina el concepto de documento de archivo y las complejidades de su manejo en el ambiente digital que afectan su capacidad de constituir evidencia veraz de los procesos de negocios organizacionales. Finalmente se presenta la Norma ISO 15489 Información y documentación Gestión de Documentos como una metodología útil para la adecuada gestión de documentación archivística, independientemente de su soporte, en el contexto ...

  13. A gestão dos recursos naturais nas organizações certificadas pela norma NBR ISO 14001 Managementof natural resources in organizations certified by NBR ISO 14001 standard

    OpenAIRE

    Celso Machado Junior; Leonel Mazzali; Maria Tereza Saraiva de Souza; Cristiane Jaciara Furlaneto; Leandro Campi Prearo

    2012-01-01

    O estudo destaca um conjunto de variáveis associadas aos processos de controle e às ações para mitigar o consumo dos recursos nas operações com o objetivo de verificar se as empresas certificadas pela norma NBR ISO 14001 apresentam procedimentos de gestão ambiental significativamente diferentes dos adotados pelas empresas não certificadas por essa norma. É uma pesquisa descritiva assentada em uma amostra composta por 649 empresas de diferentes ramos de atividade, que disponibilizaram informaç...

  14. Modeling and Implementing ISO 13584-based Part Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨东; 肖丽雯; 何援军; 张申生

    2004-01-01

    ISO 13584 (I.e. PLIB) is an international standard for the representation and exchange of CAD part libraries. It aims to provide an application-independent mechanism to enable the share of part library information between applications. In this paper, the approach of modeling part library conforming to ISO 13584 is presented. Also, a prototype of part library management system, I.e. BYL-PLIB, whose implementation is in agreement with ISO 13854 is developed to demonstrate the usefulness of proposed approach.

  15. ISO 26000 – An Integrative Approach of Corporate Social Responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herciu Mihaela

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ISO 26000 represents a guidance on corporate social responsibility and it is, at the present time, one of the most important document on CSR in the world. Without being mandatory or regulated, ISO 26000 is focus on seven core subjects that have to be approached synergistic – governance, human right, labor, environment, business practices, consumer, and community – in order to achieve its goal. The present paper intends to present and analyze the seven core subjects of ISO 26000 from tow perspectives: by emphasizing the benefits of implementing the standard into the business strategy and by revealing the correlation between corporate social responsibility and sustainable development.

  16. Metal-Size Influence in Iso-Selective Lactide Polymerization**

    OpenAIRE

    Bakewell, Clare; White, Andrew J. P.; Long, Nicholas J; Williams, Charlotte K.

    2014-01-01

    Iso-selective initiators for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of rac-lactide are rare outside of Group 13. We describe the first examples of highly iso-selective lutetium initiators. The phosphasalen lutetium ethoxide complex shows excellent iso-selectivity, with a P i value of 0.81–0.84 at 298 K, excellent rates, and high degrees of polymerization control. Conversely, the corresponding La derivative exhibits moderate heteroselectivity (P s=0.74, 298 K). Thus, the choice of metal center ...

  17. The ISO SWS on-line system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roelfsema, P. R.; Kester, D. J. M.; Wesselius, P. R.; Wieprech, E.; Sym, N.

    1992-01-01

    The software which is currently being developed for the Short Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS) of the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) is described. The spectrometer has a wide range of capabilities in the 2-45 micron infrared band. SWS contains two independent gratings, one for the long and one for the short wavelength section of the band. With the gratings a spectral resolution of approximately 1000 to approximately 2500 can be obtained. The instrument also contains two Fabry-Perault's yielding a resolution between approximately 1000 and approximately 20000. Software is currently being developed for the acquisition, calibration, and analysis of SWS data. The software is firstly required to run in a pipeline mode without human interaction, to process data as they are received from the telescope. However, both for testing and calibration of the instrument as well as for evaluation of the planned operating procedures the software should also be suitable for interactive use. Thirdly the same software will be used for long term characterization of the instrument. The software must work properly within the environment designed by the European Space Agency (ESA) for the spacecraft operations. As a result strict constraints are put on I/O devices, throughput etc.

  18. "ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING STANDARDS ISO14010, 14011, 14012 "

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.Nouri

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to standardize sustainable status of environmental management in productive and industrial activities and commercial and economical relationship, the ISO 14000 standards series guarantee the minimization of the costs, growth accoptancy of society and trade and environmental quality improvement and natural resources. In fact, these standards will help any organization to improve and solve these standards and help to improve and solve their environmental remarks of executive activities in the best way. Environmental auditing is one of the environmental tools. In the early 1970, most organization was searching ways to match their regulations with environmental needs. Although in some case, environmental auditing had been compulsory by the legal authorities, directors, were doing environmental auditing by their own ways, in order to escape from liabi1ities and punishments. At a large scale, efficiency and proportion of environmental management system are evaluated through a periodical management review, by the acquired environmental programmed progress. Thus, environmental system performance output connects and evaluates to the input of organization management review process. In the meantime, one of the important inputs to management review process in environmental auditing.

  19. VULNERABILIDAD DEL PROTOCOLO MYSQL EN REDES LAN BAJO PLATAFORMA LINUX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Augusto Sánchez Pacheco

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de la presente investigación es estudiar el nivel de vulnerabilidad del protocolo MySQL en una red LAN bajo plataforma LINUX. Para esto se utilizó la técnica de medición de tráfico mediante un software analizador de redes denominado Wireshark en su versión 1.0.3. El estudio se realizó interconectando un computador de medición en modo promiscuo a un puerto del enrutador, a su vez colocado en modo troncal hacia el servidor Mysql. La data obtenida se observa con claridad que la información de las solicitudes hacia las tablas de la base de datos no tiene ningún tipo de encriptación y se pueden utilizar para ingresar hacia la base de datos y obtener información sin permiso del administrador de la base de datos. El monitoreo del tráfico de datos se realizó durante 15 días continuos en una red LAN de uso administrativo. Este reporte está orientado a adoptar medidas que ayuden a minimizar la vulnerabilidad del protocolo Mysql.

  20. Bahan pemutih gigi dengan sertifikat ADA/ISO (Tooth bleaching material with ADA/ISO certificate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asti Meizarini

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Bleaching of teeth for cosmetic reasons is a popular aspect of cosmetic dentistry because patients realize the aesthetical benefits of these products. The dentist as a clinician's practitioner must be knowledgeable of the products and their application techniques. Bleaching materials which are safe and effective are the ADA accepted or manufactured by those which have already haved ISO certificate. Dentist must have enough knowledge about in-office bleaching prescribed for home-use bleaching including their contra indication and side effects, to advise the patients and provide effective bleaching services.

  1. Thermogravimetric analysis of anthracite and waste plastics by iso-conversional method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Co-combustion kinetic analysis of solid fuels was made by iso-conversional method. • Thermodynamic and kinetic parameters of combustion for blends were determined. • WP can improve the combustion characteristic of high ash anthracite. • Reasonable utilization the energy of WP is important for industrial production. - Abstract: Combustion mechanisms and kinetics of plastics-coal blends with 0, 10, 20, 40 and 100% waste plastics (WP) are studied separately by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) from ambient temperature to 900 °C in air atmosphere. These blends are combusted at different heating rates. The results indicate that, with the increase of waste plastics content, the combustion processes of blends could be divided into one stage, two stages, three stages and one stage. Meanwhile, the ignition and final temperatures of them both decrease. The maximum weight loss rate of WP is much higher than that of other samples. The iso-conversional method is used for the kinetic analysis of the non-isothermal thermogravimetric data and results indicate that, when the waste plastics content varied from 0% to 40%, the values of activation energy increase from 113.3 kJ mol−1 to 156.0 kJ mol−1, and the value of activation energy for pure WP is 278.8 kJ mol−1

  2. Standardin ISO 9001 eräs tulkinta "miten osuudesta" : miksi standardi ISO 9001 ei anna odotettua tulosta?

    OpenAIRE

    Multimäki, Matti

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this work is to show that a quality system, which fulfills the requirements of the standard ISO 9001 (SFS-EN ISO 9001 in Finland), is effective and suitable for the first phase in the building of a quality system. There were two reasons to make this work. Firstly, there are still products and especially services, which do not conform to the customer requirements. Secondly, there is no similar research of the suitability of the standards in Finland, although the ISO 9000 standards h...

  3. Applicability of ISO 16697 Data to Spacecraft Fire Fighting Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, David B.; Beeson, Harold D.

    2012-01-01

    Presentation Agenda: (1) Selected variables affecting oxygen consumption during spacecraft fires, (2) General overview of ISO 16697, (3) Estimated amounts of material consumed during combustion in typical ISS enclosures, (4) Discussion on potential applications.

  4. Iso-response methods provide direct insight into dendritic computations.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Häusler

    2014-04-01

    These results demonstrate that iso-response methods are well suited to unravel complex dendritic computations in model neurons and that they can provide a powerful tool for experimental research with applications in multi-patch or optogenetic recordings.

  5. CNEN, IAEA and ISO normative requirements for measurement management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    International standard ISO 10012:2003 establishes requirements for measurement management systems, including requirements for measurement processes and measuring equipment. ISO 9001:2008 presents requirements for quality management systems, including requirements for the control of monitoring and measuring equipment. ISO 17025:2005 presents general requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories. In the nuclear field the requirements for measurement management are established by standards published by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and in Brazil, by the National Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN). The present paper presents and discusses the normative requirements for measurement management, considering requirements established by National Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO). (author)

  6. ISO 9000. Guidelines to increased costs and reduced product quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many US companies are considering being registered to the provisions of ISO 9000, International Standards for Quality Management. One important problem with the document is that ISO 9000 is not focused on control of product quality. The quality assurance rules established in ISO 9000 have been used in the US for more than 25 years with disastrous financial consequences and little, if any, improvement in quality and safety. These rules are so reliant on documentation and strict compliance that ensuring products comply with specifications has become a secondary issues. That is not what was intended, but it is the result. ISO 9000 program can work effectively only when the top executive responsible for engineering or production takes full responsibility for interpretation and implementation of the quality assurance program. 3 refs., 1 tab

  7. 转换到ISO9001:2000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凯西·罗伯茨

    2001-01-01

    @@ 引言 本文将介绍自1994版ISO标准转换到ISO9001:2000版标准的一般步骤,也将涉及过程模式方法及ISO9001:2000版结构.讨论将着重于四个主要方面:管理,文件档案,培训及审核.每一方面都有几个重点,目的是:了解过程模式方法;了解ISO9001:2000结构;学习转换策划的基本方法;学习转换策划的策略;便览ISO9001:2000版新要求.

  8. ISO 26000 as a Stakeholder Dialogue: An empirical study

    OpenAIRE

    Schmiedeknecht, Maud; Wieland, Josef

    2006-01-01

    The focus of this part of the research project lies on the process of developing a Social Responsibility Standard within a network made up of various stakeholders. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is known as the world´s leading institution for the development of standards. Besides setting standards in the fields of e.g. construction, agriculture and information technology, recently the Technical Management Board (TMB) of ISO proposed to further extend its activities b...

  9. ISO 9001 European Scoreboard: an instrument to measure macroquality

    OpenAIRE

    Sampaio, Paulo; Saraiva, Pedro Manuel Tavares Lopes de Andrade; Gomes, Ana Catarina Ribeiro

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: ISO 9001 certification is nowadays considered to be one of the most effective tools that can be adopted for guiding the management of Quality Systems. The stunning growth observed by these standards all over the world confirms a strong polarisation of enterprises’ interest in this practice. Owing to the wide incidence of this phenomenon, a deep investigation of ISO 9001 diffusion over time is mandatory and of importance. In line with our previous publications, this pap...

  10. The new ISO 9001:2015 : Its opportunities and challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Sickinger-Nagorni, Rajka; Schwanke, Jana

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to introduce business supportive quality management systems as a whole and to further scrutinize main additions and changes of the new quality management system standard ISO 9001:2015, regarding benefits or adverse effects for implementation. The revised standard was published in autumn 2015 by ISO (International Organisation for Standardization) and already a few companies worldwide have been certified to it. Although there are organisations which have utilized the ...

  11. Penerapan Total Quality Management dan ISO 9000 dalam Pendidikan Teknik

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Sonhadji K. Hasan

    2016-01-01

    An organization is able to improve and maintain its quality by building a quality improvement system, and determining the quality standards. For satisfying industry requirements in providing human resources, technical education must continuously improve its quality. The need can be effectively achieved by appliying TQM and ISO 9000. TQM is a quality improvement system for meeting customer requirements, and ISO 9000 is an international certification for standards of design, production, instala...

  12. ISO 26000 som et virkemiddel for institusjonalisering av samfunnsansvar (CSR)

    OpenAIRE

    Ditlev-Simonsen, Caroline D.

    2011-01-01

    Det eksisterer diverse frivillige standarder og verktøy knyttet til bedrifters samfunnsansvar (CSR). Et nytt «skudd på stammen » er ISO 26000 Veiledning om samfunnsansvar. Denne standarden, som er utarbeidet av 500 eksperter fra 40 land, ble lansert i desember 2010. Denne artikkelen presenterer ISO 26000 og vurderer effekten av de viktigste foregående internasjonale standardene og veilederne innen CSR-in...

  13. ISO auditing and the construction of trust in auditor independence

    OpenAIRE

    Kouakou Dogui; Olivier Boiral; Yves Gendron

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to examine, through a qualitative study, how auditor independence is socially constructed within the network of individuals involved in the realization of ISO 14001 audit engagements – ISO auditors, consultants, and managers of certified companies. The paper analysis focuses on the sense-making strategies used by actors within the network to develop and sustain trust (or doubt) in professional independence. Design/methodology/approach – This study is predicated on a ...

  14. The Implementation of ISO 14001 Environmental Management System

    OpenAIRE

    Abdullah Haslinda; Fuong Chin Chan

    2010-01-01

    In this study, the benefits of implementing ISO 14001 Environmental Management System (EMS), employees’ responses towards the implementation of EMS, the reasons for resisting the implementation and the challenges encountered by top management in implementing EMS were explored. A questionnaire survey to 97 ISO 14001 certified manufacturing companies in the State of Selangor was conducted. The findings showed that improved corporate image is the most substantial benefit brought by implementing ...

  15. ISO9001 Quality Management Systems; Benefits and Requirements

    OpenAIRE

    Viro, Antti

    2015-01-01

    Oulu University of Applied Sciences Industrial Management Author(s): Antti Viro Title of thesis: ISO9001 Quality Management Systems; Benefits and Requirements Supervisor(s): Hannu Päätalo Spring 2015: Pages: 61 + 1 appendices The purpose of this thesis was to find reasons and justifications for the ISO9001 certified quality management system. The major part of the case work was establishing QMS for Dedicated Networks Partners Oy. The other parts were literature and t...

  16. Biodegradability Evaluation of Polymers by ISO 14855-2

    OpenAIRE

    Masao Kunioka; Fumi Ninomiya; Masahiro Funabashi

    2009-01-01

    Biodegradabilities of polymers and their composites in a controlled compost were described. Polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were employed as biodegradable polymers. Biodegradabilities of PCL and PLA samples in a controlled compost were measured using a Microbial Oxidative Degradation Analyzer (MODA) according to ISO 14855-2. Sample preparation method for biodegradation test according to ISO/DIS 10210 was also described. Effects of sizes and shapes of samples on biodegradabi...

  17. ISO26000与学校环境管理关系浅析%Discussion on the Relationship of ISO26000 and School Environmental Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓燕

    2015-01-01

    This article introduces the connotation of ISO26000 and school environmental management and describes the rela-tionship between ISO26000 and school environmental management.It puts forward the opinion on managing the school environ-ment with the ISO 26000.%本文介绍了ISO26000社会责任国际标准和学校环境管理的内涵,阐述了ISO26000与学校环境管理的关系,提出了学校引入ISO26000,进行学校环境管理的观点。

  18. Iso-vector and Iso-scalar Tensor Charges of the Nucleon from Lattice QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Bhattacharya, Tanmoy; Cohen, Saul; Gupta, Rajan; Joseph, Anosh; Lin, Huey-Wen; Yoon, Boram

    2015-01-01

    We present results for the iso-vector and flavor diagonal tensor charges $g^{u-d}_T$, $g^{u}_T$, $g^{d}_T$, and $g^{s}_T$ needed to probe novel tensor interactions at the TeV scale in neutron and nuclear $\\beta$-decays and the contribution of the quark electric dipole moment (EDM) to the neutron EDM. The lattice QCD calculations were done using nine ensembles of gauge configurations generated by the MILC collaboration using the HISQ action with 2+1+1 dynamical flavors. These ensembles span three lattice spacings $a \\approx 0.06, 0.09$ and $0.12 $ fm and three quark masses corresponding to the pion masses $M_\\pi \\approx 130, 220$ and $310 $ MeV. Using estimates from these ensembles, we quantify all systematic uncertainties and perform a simultaneous extrapolation in the lattice spacing, volume and light quark masses for the connected contributions. The final estimates of the connected nucleon (proton) tensor charge for the iso-vector combination is $g_T^{u-d} = 1.020(76) $ in the $\\overline{\\text{MS}}$ scheme ...

  19. The impact of ISO 14000 on developing world businesses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ISO 14000 has attracted interest from industry, international organizations and governments around the globe. Policy-makers and industry both appear to be looking to the standards as a key component of a new paradigm for cooperation between regulators and industry. This realization seems to have resulted from a growing awareness that the fragmented, reactive approach to environmental management in the past has not produced optimal results. Businesses are realizing the value of integrating their compliance procedures for each regulation into a broader system. Compliance problems can often be linked to system problems such as inadequate training, lack of responsibility at the right level, inadequate data, and other related causes. An effective Environmental Management System (EMS) eliminates these pitfalls. The evolution of the EMS is being shaped by market forces, ISO 9000, regulatory shifts, public awareness, and cost implications for ISO certifications. The transformation of these management practices is not limited to industrialized countries. In anticipation of the non-tariff trade barriers that could be erected as a result of these standards, many developing countries are seeking avenues of compliance with ISO 14000's requirements. Egypt should be concerned with the implementation of this system, for firms in countries of the European Community (EC) have been given explicit instructions by the three prevalent European standard-setting organizations to ''familiarize'' themselves with the requirements of ISO 14000. This paper will focus primarily on the expected effects of ISO 14001. (author)

  20. Verification the 25-kgy dose using the iso standard iso/tr 13409 for the production of bone grafts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this work was to verify the 25 Gy dose using the ISO standard ISO/TR 13409 for the production of bone grafts from the Tissue Bank ORTOP of the Complejo Cientifico Ortopedico Internacional Frank Pais. We performed two principal microbiological activities: bioburden estimate, pre-sterilization count plus a compensation for the efficiency of the recovery method, by ISO 11737-1 and test of sterility by ISO 11737-2. The techniques for Bioburden estimation could be direct or indirect. Choice of direct vs. indirect depends on number of contaminating micro-organisms, product configuration, ability to remove microbial contamination, effect of removal method on microbial viability, types and location of micro-organisms, nature of product and culture conditions. For a test of sterility, he product unit or SIP putted direct immersion in educated culture medium and incubate. Keep precaution to minimize level to the false positives is necessary

  1. IAF发布从ISO 14001:1996到ISO 14001:2004转换计划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CNAB技术管理处

    2005-01-01

    目前,国际标准化组织(ISO)正在就ISO/FDIS 14001:2004征求意见。FDIS即国际标准最终草案稿。ISO计划2004年年底前发布该标准,即ISO 14001:2004,同时发布对此次换版的政策建议书。为此,国际认可论坛(IAF)针对从ISO 14001:1996到ISO 14001:2004的转换制定了相应的计划,具体内容为:

  2. Ley marco de aseguramiento universal en salud, bajo la lupa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leoncio Díaz

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available La Ley Marco de Aseguramiento Universal en Salud, concebida en el marco del modelo neoliberal conservador, excluyente y polarizante, fue aprobada en circunstancias en la que persisten grandes contrastes entre sistemas de salud. Por un lado, los países que mantienen subsistemas inconexos y privatizados y, por otro, los que unificados y bajo la responsabilidad del Estado, garantizan a todos el acceso integral, gratuito y de calidad a los servicios de salud. En América y el Caribe, existen países cuyos pobladores carecen de derechos y posibilidades, evidenciando las profundas inequidades que mantienen en exclusión a la mayoría pobre y de extrema pobreza, entre ellos, el Perú muestra indicadores de salud que aún se mantienen en cifras alarmantes y por debajo de los que presentan otras realidades en el mundo. En las últimas tres décadas hubo ensayos frustros de reformas, como la integración funcional del Ministerio de Salud con el Instituto Peruano de Seguridad Social, o el Sistema Nacional Coordinado y Descentralizado en Salud. Actualmente se formula la Ley Marco de Aseguramiento Universal, que mantiene los actuales subsistemas sin variación alguna y con sus propias autonomías, ensayando pilotos, estableciendo planes parciales, implementándola de manera progresiva, priorizando la privatización y debilitando la función rectora del Ministerio de Salud, al crear una superintendencia omnipotente, lo cual continuará permitiendo la exclusión social de más de 9 millones de peruanos. Existe, por tanto, la necesidad de plantear la unificación de los subsistemas, para construir un Sistema Único de Salud, capaz de otorgar salud plena, integral, de calidad y sin costo alguno al 100% de ciudadanos.

  3. Capital intelectual bajo el modelo de e-commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Rodríguez

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Hoy el mundo está cambiando de una economía basada en el acero, automóviles y carreteras hacia una nueva economía construida con base en silicio, computadoras y redes. Esta revolución tecnológica no se limita a modificar los equipos, los productos, las trayectorias tecnológicas y el modelo organizativo. Sino, como en todo cambio de paradigma hay un proceso de desmantelamiento de lo establecido y la construcción de un nuevo conjunto de principios. Hoy ese nuevo paradigma se fundamenta en el conocimiento, la pericia y sobre todo el talento del hombre. Por tanto, el objetivo principal es describir la importancia que tiene el capital intelectual en las organizaciones de e-commerce. La metodología empleada consistió en una revisión teórica con base a la literatura especializada de autores tales como: Edvinsson y Malone (1998, Brooking (1997, Luz Clara (2001, Merino (2004 y Añez (2005: orientándose hacia el capital intelectual bajo el esquema de negocios de organizaciones de e-commerce. Entre los resultados se destacan dos propuestas: una que describe el proceso de transformación de un negocio tradicional a un negocio de e-commerce sobre la base del capital intelectual; la otra, referida a indicar estrategias gerenciales que apuntan a identificar y evaluar la relación del capital intelectual en cuanto a las innovaciones/ respuestas a los cambios exigidos por el proceso de globalización en el marco de organizaciones de e-commerce.

  4. Discussion on the compilation of document of iso quality management system for radiation sterilization enterprises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to the character of cooperation of radiation sterilization, and association with request of ISO9001, ISO13485 and ISO11137, compilation of document in quality manual, procedure document and technological document during certification of ISO quality management system of cooperation of radiation sterilization was discussed. (authors)

  5. 77 FR 11532 - Notice of Attendance at ISO New England and NEPOOL Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-27

    ... Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Attendance at ISO New England and NEPOOL Meetings The... Commission staff may attend upcoming ISO New England Inc. (ISO-NE) and New England Power Pool (NEPOOL... Commission staff may monitor the various meetings posted on the ISO-NE Web site. NEPOOL...

  6. Contabilidade ambiental: um estudo sobre sua aplicabilidade em empresas Brasileiras

    OpenAIRE

    Adalto de Oliveira Santos; Fernando Benedito da Silva; Synval de Souza; Marcos Francisco Rodrigues de Sousa

    2001-01-01

    A globalização da economia e a conscientização da sociedade estão forçando, atualmente, as empresas a adotarem uma postura responsável perante o meio ambiente, isto é, produzir sem agressão à natu-reza.Para isto elas estão implantando um Sistema de Gestão Ambiental de acordo com as normas da série ISO 14000. Fazer este gerenciamento exige a aplicação de um considerável montante de recursos financeiros, devendo-se ter constante preocupação em controlá-los. En-tende-se que a contabilidade é uma...

  7. ISO 19011:2002标准的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈乃骏

    2003-01-01

    @@ISO 19011:2002《质量和(或)环境管理体系审核 指南》(下称新版审核标准)已于2002年10月发布.该标准取代了三个质量审核标准 (ISO 10011-1、ISO 10011-2、ISO10011-3)和三个环境管理体系审核标准(ISO1401O、ISO 14011、ISO 14012).新版审核标准……

  8. ISO 9001:2008 -laadunhallintajärjestelmä pk-yritykseen

    OpenAIRE

    Vanhatalo, Tuomas

    2010-01-01

    Tämä opinnäyte toteuttaa ISO 9001 -laadunhallintastandardin mukaisen laadunhallintajärjestelmän rakentamisen pienikokoiseen konepajayritykseen. Opinnäytetyössä käytetään pohjatietona standardeja: ISO 9000, ISO 9001, ISO 9004, ISO 19011 ja teknistä tiedotetta ISO/TR 10013. Lisäksi aineistossa on merkittäviä teoksia laadunhallintajärjestelmän rakentamisesta ja laadunhallinnan kehittämisestä. Opinnäytetyö jakaa ISO 9001 -standardin mukaisen laadunhallintajärjestelmän rakentamisen ...

  9. An investigation of ambient gameplay

    OpenAIRE

    Eyles, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Inspired by Brian Eno's ambient music, which is persistent and supports different levels of engagement, this research explores ambient gameplay in computer, video and pervasive games. Through the creation of original games containing ambient gameplay and looking for ambient gameplay in existing commercial games, this research focuses on gameplay that supports a range of depths of player engagement. This research is not concerned with ambient intelligent environments or other technologies that...

  10. Ambient oxygen promotes tumorigenesis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ho Joong Sung

    Full Text Available Oxygen serves as an essential factor for oxidative stress, and it has been shown to be a mutagen in bacteria. While it is well established that ambient oxygen can also cause genomic instability in cultured mammalian cells, its effect on de novo tumorigenesis at the organismal level is unclear. Herein, by decreasing ambient oxygen exposure, we report a ∼50% increase in the median tumor-free survival time of p53-/- mice. In the thymus, reducing oxygen exposure decreased the levels of oxidative DNA damage and RAG recombinase, both of which are known to promote lymphomagenesis in p53-/- mice. Oxygen is further shown to be associated with genomic instability in two additional cancer models involving the APC tumor suppressor gene and chemical carcinogenesis. Together, these observations represent the first report directly testing the effect of ambient oxygen on de novo tumorigenesis and provide important physiologic evidence demonstrating its critical role in increasing genomic instability in vivo.

  11. A gestão dos recursos naturais nas organizações certificadas pela norma NBR ISO 14001 Managementof natural resources in organizations certified by NBR ISO 14001 standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celso Machado Junior

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O estudo destaca um conjunto de variáveis associadas aos processos de controle e às ações para mitigar o consumo dos recursos nas operações com o objetivo de verificar se as empresas certificadas pela norma NBR ISO 14001 apresentam procedimentos de gestão ambiental significativamente diferentes dos adotados pelas empresas não certificadas por essa norma. É uma pesquisa descritiva assentada em uma amostra composta por 649 empresas de diferentes ramos de atividade, que disponibilizaram informações para a publicação na revista Análise Gestão Ambiental (2008. Foram objeto de estudo os seguintes recursos: água, energia elétrica, combustíveis, lenha/carvão e recursos minerais. A utilização de tratamento estatístico, consubstanciada na regressão logística e no quiquadrado, permitiu evidenciar que as empresas certificadas pela norma NBR ISO 14001 acentuam um conjunto maior dos fatores ambientais em sua gestão por meio de controles, ações e programas estruturados, demonstrando assim maior preocupação socioambiental.This study focuses on a set of variables associated with control processes and actions to mitigate the consumption of resources in operations in order to determine whether the companies certified by NBR ISO 14001 standard have environmental management procedures significantly different from those adopted by the companies which are not certified. It is a descriptive research based on a sample of 649 companies of different businesses which provided information for publication in the journal "Análise Gestão Ambiental" (2008. The objects of this study were the following: water, electricity, fuel, wood/coal and mineral resources. Using statistical analysis, embodied in the logistic regression and chi-square test, it was observed that the companies certified by NBR ISO 14001 standard invest in a larger set of environmental factors in their management, through controls, actions, and programs structured to reduce the

  12. A gestão dos recursos naturais nas organizações certificadas pela norma NBR ISO 14001 Managementof natural resources in organizations certified by NBR ISO 14001 standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celso Machado Junior

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available O estudo destaca um conjunto de variáveis associadas aos processos de controle e às ações para mitigar o consumo dos recursos nas operações com o objetivo de verificar se as empresas certificadas pela norma NBR ISO 14001 apresentam procedimentos de gestão ambiental significativamente diferentes dos adotados pelas empresas não certificadas por essa norma. É uma pesquisa descritiva assentada em uma amostra composta por 649 empresas de diferentes ramos de atividade, que disponibilizaram informações para a publicação na revista Análise Gestão Ambiental (2008. Foram objeto de estudo os seguintes recursos: água, energia elétrica, combustíveis, lenha/carvão e recursos minerais. A utilização de tratamento estatístico, consubstanciada na regressão logística e no quiquadrado, permitiu evidenciar que as empresas certificadas pela norma NBR ISO 14001 acentuam um conjunto maior dos fatores ambientais em sua gestão por meio de controles, ações e programas estruturados, demonstrando assim maior preocupação socioambiental.This study focuses on a set of variables associated with control processes and actions to mitigate the consumption of resources in operations in order to determine whether the companies certified by NBR ISO 14001 standard have environmental management procedures significantly different from those adopted by the companies which are not certified. It is a descriptive research based on a sample of 649 companies of different businesses which provided information for publication in the journal "Análise Gestão Ambiental" (2008. The objects of this study were the following: water, electricity, fuel, wood/coal and mineral resources. Using statistical analysis, embodied in the logistic regression and chi-square test, it was observed that the companies certified by NBR ISO 14001 standard invest in a larger set of environmental factors in their management, through controls, actions, and programs structured to reduce the

  13. Mujer y medio ambiente

    OpenAIRE

    Zuluaga Sánchez, Gloria Patricia

    1998-01-01

    El debate sobre mujer y medio ambiente es bastante nuevo y, por lo tanto, aun no hay consenso sobre como abordarlo, ni análisis muy profundos sobre la interacción de estas dos problemáticas tan complejas y que además atraviesan las demás temáticas. Con ello no se quiere negar el importante aporte que se ha hecho en tal sentido, por parte de colectividades y de algunas personas. Selene Herculano y Jacqueline Pitanguy (1993), mencionan que el medio ambiente no es una categoría específica y que ...

  14. Ambientes de aprendizaje computacionales

    OpenAIRE

    Señas, Perla

    2001-01-01

    En el marco de las aplicaciones de la tecnología computacional a la educación se destaca de manera especial el trabajo sobre Ambientes de Aprendizaje. En él convergen tópicos relevantes de las Ciencias de la Computación y de la Educación. Se puede definir un Ambiente de Aprendizaje Computacional como un entorno integrado por un conjunto no homogéneo de elementos capaces de crear o recrear situaciones a partir de las cuales el alumno puede construir conocimiento y realizar aprendizajes y meta-...

  15. ISO 9000∶2000--新的国际质量标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    从1987年以来,全世界已有25万个机构通过了ISO 9000鉴定。新标准ISO 9000∶2000要求被鉴定机构更新它们老的ISO 9000程序。ISO 9000∶2000比ISO 9000∶1994前进了一大步。

  16. Livscyklusvurderinger - en kommenteret oversættelse af ISO 14040 til 14043

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jerland, J.; Christiansen, K.; Weidema, B.;

    . Standarderne er DS/EN ISO 14040 Livscyklusvurdering. Principper og opbygning DS/EN ISO 14041 Livscyklusvurdering. Formål og afgrænsning DS/EN ISO 14042 Livscyklusvurdering. Vurdering af miljøpåvirkninger DS/EN ISO 14043 Livscyklusvurdering. Fortolkning af resultater Målet med publikationen er at give brugerne...... af livscyklusvurderinger et samlet værktøj som udgangspunkt for arbejdet med LCA efter ISO-standarderne i 14040 serien....

  17. VPLIV ISO STANDARDOV NA POSLOVANJE PODJETJA WALER S.R.O.

    OpenAIRE

    Martincová, Kristýna

    2011-01-01

    Vedno več podjetij uvaja v svoje poslovanje ISO standarde. Veliko gradbenih podjetji uvaja ISO standarde 14001, 18001 in 9001 zaradi ugleda podjetja. ISO standard 14001 opredeljuje zahteve za okoljevarstveni sistem, ki je ključnega pomena za vsako podjetje. ISO standard 18001 je uporaben v podjetjih, ki si prizadevajo za boljši sistemski pristop za vodenje poklicnega zdravja in varnosti pri delu. ISO standard 9001 govori o managementu kakovosti in daje poudarek na prepoznavnih merljivih proce...

  18. Iso-geometric analysis for neutron diffusion problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iso-geometric analysis can be viewed as a generalisation of the finite element method. It permits the exact representation of a wider range of geometries including conic sections. This is possible due to the use of concepts employed in computer-aided design. The underlying mathematical representations from computer-aided design are used to capture both the geometry and approximate the solution. In this paper the neutron diffusion equation is solved using iso-geometric analysis. The practical advantages are highlighted by looking at the problem of a circular fuel pin in a square moderator. For this problem the finite element method requires the geometry to be approximated. This leads to errors in the shape and size of the interface between the fuel and the moderator. In contrast to this iso-geometric analysis allows the interface to be represented exactly. It is found that, due to a cancellation of errors, the finite element method converges more quickly than iso-geometric analysis for this problem. A fuel pin in a vacuum was then considered as this problem is highly sensitive to the leakage across the interface. In this case iso-geometric analysis greatly outperforms the finite element method. Due to the improvement in the representation of the geometry iso-geometric analysis can outperform traditional finite element methods. It is proposed that the use of iso-geometric analysis on neutron transport problems will allow deterministic solutions to be obtained for exact geometries. Something that is only currently possible with Monte Carlo techniques. (authors)

  19. Política ambiental na indústria vidreira (Exemplo da empresa Santos Barosa - Vidros SA)

    OpenAIRE

    Arrimar, C.D.L.; Antunes, I.M.H.R.

    2008-01-01

    A certificação ambiental é actualmente uma ferramenta de gestão para qualquer empresa. A International Organisation for Standardization, através das Normas da série 14000, definiu as bases para a implementação de Sistemas de Gestão Ambiental para posterior obtenção da certificação. A Norma NP EN ISO 14001:2004 tem por objectivo ajudar as organizações a implementarem Sistemas de Gestão Ambiental especificando os requisitos do mesmo. Em Portugal, a organização responsável pela at...

  20. Iso-vector and iso-scalar tensor charges of the nucleon from lattice QCD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present results for the iso-vector and flavor diagonal tensor charges gu-dT, guT, gdT, and gsT needed to probe novel tensor interactions at the TeV scale in neutron and nuclear β-decays and the contribution of the quark electric dipole moment (EDM) to the neutron EDM. The lattice QCD calculations were done using nine ensembles of gauge configurations generated by the MILC collaboration using the HISQ action with 2+1+1 dynamical flavors. These ensembles span three lattice spacings a∼0.06, 0.09 and 0.12 fm and three quark masses corresponding to the pion masses Mπ∼130, 220 and 310 MeV. Using estimates from these ensembles, we quantify all systematic uncertainties and perform a simultaneous extrapolation in the lattice spacing, volume and light quark masses for the connected contributions. The final estimates of the connected nucleon (proton) tensor charge for the iso-vector combination is gu-dT=1.020(76) in the MS scheme at 2 GeV. The additional disconnected quark loop contributions needed for the flavor-diagonal matrix elements are calculated using a stochastic estimator employing the truncated solver method with the all-mode-averaging technique. We find that the size of the disconnected contribution is smaller than the statistical error in the connected contribution. This allows us to bound the disconnected contribution and include it as an additional uncertainty in the flavor-diagonal charges. After a continuum extrapolation, we find guT=0.774(66), gdT=-0.233(28) and gu+dT=0.541(67). The strangeness tensor charge, that can make a significant contribution to the neutron EDM due to the large ratio ms/mu,d, is gsT=0.008(9) in the continuum limit.

  1. La radioactividad ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Núñez-Lagos Roglá

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Se explican los conceptos fundamentales relacionados con la radiactividad y se utilizan para describir la radiactividad ambiental. Se explican también los isótopos de largo periodo y las principales familias radioactivas junto con la radiación cósmica y los radionucleidos cosmogénicos.

  2. Ambient mass spectrometry imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Janfelt, Christian; Nørgaard, Asger W

    2012-01-01

    Easy ambient sonic spray ionization (EASI) and desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) were used for imaging of a number of samples, including sections of rat brain and imprints of plant material on porous Teflon. A novel approach termed Displaced Dual-mode Imaging was utilized for the direct c...

  3. Implementing ISO standard-compliant freeform component drawings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youngworth, Richard N.; Kiontke, Sven R.; Aikens, David M.

    2016-07-01

    Successful fabrication of aspheres requires all parts of the process chain including design, production, and measurements. Aspheres now are well-established and accepted as an equal optical element, when done properly. Research and industry have now started to focus efforts to develop the next element that propels the field forward in capability, namely the optical freeform surface. An essential factor enabling wide use of freeforms is communicating requirements. This paper discusses form description and tolerancing additions to ISO 10110 to accommodate freeform surfaces. Information stating how ISO 10110 and related standards documents such as ISO 14999-4 are being continually developed to meet the requirements for specifying freeform surfaces is also provided. This paper further provides an example monolithic freeform element using the recently updated relevant parts of ISO 10110. The first manufacturing of this component has been successful, and this paper shows the role the ISO standard has played in success. Definitions for toleranced parameters, such as surface registration (centration) and form deviation (irregularity, slope, Zernike, PV, and PVr), are also indicated. The monolithic example also shows how to use the defined data and definitions for metrology and data handling. Metrology results for the freeform surface are given.

  4. CRECIMIENTO Y EFICIENCIA FOTOSINTÉTICA DE Ludwigia decurrens Walter (ONAGRACEAE BAJO DIFERENTES CONCENTRACIONES DE NITRÓGENO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PEÑA ENRIQUE JAVIER

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available En el presente estudio se evaluó el crecimiento y la eficiencia fotosintética de Ludwigia decurrens (Onagraceae, a partir de la estimación de la fluorescencia de la clorofila bajo diferentes concentraciones de nitrógeno (0 mg/L, 465 mg/L y 930 mg/L en condiciones de laboratorio. Como parámetros de crecimiento se utilizaron la longitud total del tallo y el área foliar. Durante el periodo de estudio se observó un incremento en el crecimiento y la eficiencia quántica con el aumento en la concentración de nitrógeno. Sin embargo, no se presentaron diferencias significativas (p<0,05 en los valores de fluorescencia de la clorofila entre los tratamientos. Los resultados del comportamiento de la eficiencia fotosintética (Fv/Fm y el crecimiento de las plantas tratadas con diferentes concentraciones de nitrógeno, demuestran que la macrófita Ludwigia decurrens crece en ambientes relativamente altos de nitrógeno.

  5. Financiación de la gestión ambiental en Colombia. El caso de las tasas

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Javier Velásquez Muñoz

    2002-01-01

    Las tasas retributivas y compensatorias en materia ambiental consti-tuyen una salida al conflicto que suele presentarse entre economía ymedio ambiente, establecidas bajo la premisa que quien contamina debepagar en proporción al daño causado. En esta materia, la ley 99 de 1993introduce sutiles pero afortunadas modificaciones que además de pro-ducir efectos prácticos benéficos, define claros límites a los dañossusceptibles de ser compensados y establece tasas de desestimulación deagentes contam...

  6. Concepciones sobre educación ambiental y desarrollo profesional del profesorado de ciencias experimentales en formación

    OpenAIRE

    Cardona Restrepo, Juan Diego

    2013-01-01

    En esta tesis se identifican los elementos del conocimiento didáctico y las creencias 1 sobre la educación ambiental (CDC-C-EA) y el desarrollo profesional del profesorado de ciencias. Atendiendo a las premisas de Jos paradigmas interpretativo y crítico dialéctico y, bajo el enfoque de un estudio de caso desarrollamos un programa de formación relacionado con la investigación educativa en el contexto escolar sobre tópicos de la educación ambiental en el que participaron doce mae...

  7. Aplicación de redes neuronales artificiales en la modelación de la deforestación asociada a nuevos proyectos de infraestructura vial en las regiones del Nordeste y Bajo Cauca del departamento de Antioquia

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Ossa, Luisa Fernanda

    2014-01-01

    Resumen: La deforestación tropical es un proceso continuo causado principalmente por la construcción de nuevas vías, las cuales sin una planificación ambiental adecuada contribuyen a la pérdida de biodiversidad. En la presente investigación se estimó un modelo de regresión logística y un modelo de redes neuronales artificiales (RNAs), para predecir la deforestación asociada a nuevas vías en las regiones del Bajo Cauca y Nordeste del departamento de Antioquia para el periodo 1980-2000. Se cons...

  8. Planes de acción de reducción del rudio: consideración del coste beneficio de superficies de bajo ruido y del impacto de medidas de gestión de la velocidad

    OpenAIRE

    Freitas, Elisabete F.; Machado, P.; Santos, Jorge A.; Pereira, Paulo A. A.

    2013-01-01

    La elaboración de los Planos de Acción para la gestión del ruido, de acuerdo con la Directiva Europea N º 2002/49/CE es una tarea con la que los municipios densamente poblados tienen que tratar y coordinar con otros planos o proyectos existentes o en elaboración. En este contexto, la Agencia Portuguesa de Medio Ambiente identifica el uso de pavimentos de bajo ruido como la mejor medida de costo-beneficio para la reducción del ruido. A pesar del enorme esfuerzo para desarrollar ...

  9. VALORACIÓN DE RECURSOS MINERALES BAJO LA TEORIA DEL DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE VALORAÇÃO DE RECURSOS MINERAIS SOB A TEORIA DO DESENVOLVIMENTO SUSTENTÁVEL VALUATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES UNDER SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Rojas

    2010-01-01

    El documento presenta una metodología para la valoración de los recursos minerales bajo la teoría del desarrollo sostenible. La primera parte contiene un análisis del concepto de desarrollo sostenible aplicado a la minería, luego se hace un resumen del proceso de la minería y sus implicaciones al medio ambiente y, finalmente, a partir del análisis de la renta, análisis beneficios-costos (reglas de Hotelling y Hartwick), se describe cómo obtener el valor unitario máximo por unidad de medida qu...

  10. The New Criteria on Quality Certification--ISO 9000:2000 Revised Standards%质量认证的新准则--2000版ISO 9000系列标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗春燕

    2001-01-01

    @@ 国际标准化组织(ISO)于2000年12月15日正式出版了ISO 9000系列质量管理体系国际标准的2000年修订本.即:ISO 9000:2000(取代1994版ISO 8402和ISO 9000-1)、ISO 9001:2000(取代1994版ISO 9001、9002、9003)、ISO9004:2000(取代1994版ISO 9004-1).

  11. Mednarodni standardi - veličine in enote (ISO 31-0 do 31-13): International standards - quantities and units (ISO 31-0 to 31-13):

    OpenAIRE

    Glavič, Peter

    2002-01-01

    In this paper the international standards ISO 31 (Quantities and units) are presented with the following parts: ISO 31-0 (General principles), ISO 31-1 (Space and time), ISO 31-2 (Periodic and related phenomena), ISO 31-3 (Mechanics), ISO 31-4 (Heat), ISO 31-5 (Electricity and magnetism), ISO 31-8 (Physical chemistry and molecular physics), ISO 31-12 (Characteristic numbers)and others. The emphasis is given on the basic principles, which is important for writing of reports, presentations, art...

  12. ISO 9001 and ISO 14001: An integrated quality management system for an MTR facility: SAFARI-1 research reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The SAFARI-1 Research Reactor, which is owned and operated by NECSA, initially obtained ISO 9001 accreditation of its Quality Management System (QMS) via international affiliation from the South African Bureau of Standards (SABS) during 1998 and re-certification according to ISO 9001 (2000) this year. With ever-increasing demands on nuclear facilities to demonstrate conformance to environmental policies, SAFARI-1 has now developed an Environmental Management System (EMS) that is compliant with ISO 14001 (1996) and is fully integrated with the SAFARI-1 QMS under the controlling implementation of ISO 9001 (2000). The dynamic involvement of SAFARI-1 in commercial applications demanded that any transition of the original QMS had to be done in a way that would ensure sustained delivery of a reliable service with continuous quality. At the same time the primary vision of operating a safe facility under an efficient financial management program was essential. The criteria established by the original ISO-9001 compliant QMS were appraised against the additional requirements of ISO 14001 and a suitable superstructure derived for generation and implementation of an inclusive ISO 14001 EMS. The transitional integration of this system was planned so as to produce a QMS suitable to quality, environmental and other management related issues for application to the fairly unique function of a nuclear research reactor. An amended Quality Policy was established, which with consensus of all concerned, now forms the basis of the integrated QMS against which the various requirements and/or standards were identified. In the case of SAFARI-1 the following requirements were adopted: ISO 9001 (2000): Quality Management Systems; ISO 14001 (1996) Environmental Management Systems; IAEA SS No. 50-C/SG-Q Quality Assurance for Safety in Nuclear Power Plants and Nuclear Installations; NL-27: Nuclear Licence (Incorporating SAFARI-1 at NECSA); RM-PRG-0100 NECSA Health, Safety and

  13. Study on the premixed laminar flames of iso-octane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Bo; Hong, Yan-ji; Xu, Qing-yao; Liu, Yi; Cheng, Qi-sheng; Ding, Xiao-yu

    2015-04-01

    Propagation characteristics of premixed laminar iso-octane flames at atmosphere and equivalence ratios from 0.8 to 1.4 are studied in a constant combustion bomb using a schlieren technique, the laminar burning velocity at different initial pressure, temperature, equivalence ratio are calculated through CHEMKIN program. The experimental and calculation results show that the laminar burning velocity of iso-octane rise with the decreasing of initial pressure and rise with the rising of initial temperature . Only changing the initial temperature or pressure ,the maximum laminar burning velocity of iso-octane were both obtained at equivalence ratio 1.1. Flame stability become weak ,when increased the equivalence ratio. The problem of the chemistry reaction mechanism to predict the laminar burning velocity were analysed.

  14. Laadunhallinta pk-yrityksissä : ISO 9001:2008

    OpenAIRE

    Lester, Päivi

    2011-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli selvittää hyötyvätkö pienet ja keskisuuret yritykset laatustandardi ISO 9001:2008:n avulla kehitetystä laadunhallintajärjestelmästä ja millä lailla. Tutkimuskysymyksenä oli miten yritykset ovat kokeneet standardin ISO 9001:2008 käyttöönoton, ylläpidon ja sen tuomat hyödyt. Laatu on nykypäivän markkinoilla yrityksille tärkeä kilpailukeino, ja sen hallintaan käytettäviä työkaluja on paljon. Yksi tunnetuimmista laadunhallintajärjestelmistä on standardi ISO 900...

  15. EVOLUTIVE TRENDS OF ISO 14001 IN EUROPEAN UNION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan-Dragos CÎRSTEA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Considered to be the most representative and most widely used standard of the ISO14000 family, the standard for environmental management systems, ISO 14001 always arouses a growing interest. Annually, the number of certifications increases in an impressive rate and the main reason is the desire of organizations to increase their environmental performance. This study is an analysis of the number of ISO 14001 certifications in the European Union countries (EU between 2009-2013, both on a general level and at the level of industrial sector. Moreover, our research has been undertaken in parallel with worldwide existing trends in order to better understand the direction in which EU Member States are moving.We could notice that EU countries fit worldwide existing trends, but we also identified some issues that differ from the existing situation around the world.

  16. 飞天诚信通过ISO 14001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    近日,飞天诚信通过了IS0 14001环境管理体系的第三方认证,这是飞天公司在通过ISO 9001:2000质量管理体系认证后,在管理体系建设方面取得的又一重大成果。ISO国际标准化组织在汲取世界发达国家多年环境管理经验的基础上制订并颁布了ISO 14001环境管理系列标准,作为国际环境管理标准,ISO 14001是目前世界上最全面和最系统的环境管理国际化标准,

  17. ISO 9001 benefits and pitfalls: the path to successful certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, M S

    1996-09-01

    The lifeblood of a business is developing and commercializing new products with minimum cost and time and maximum quality. Implementation of a quality management system is often used to achieve these goals, and the ISO 9001 standard for a business quality system is rapidly becoming the model of choice. The existence of an ISO-compliant system is a key to meeting the forthcoming regulatory requirements in the European Union and the US Food and Drug Administrations's proposed good management practices. DuPont has demonstrated leadership in the achievement of ISO registration. I describe the path to these successful registrations along with key lessons from the experience. Elements of success are management commitment, adequate resources, education, communication, total organizational involvement, and auditing of system performance. For the system to flourish and provide benefits to the users, sufficient time must be allocated for the organization to change. PMID:8787731

  18. Zavedení normy ISO 9001:2001

    OpenAIRE

    Hajkrová, Romana

    2007-01-01

    Cílem mé bakalářské práce je popis implementace normy ISO 9001:2001 ve společnosti ABC Security. V práci popisuji charakter společnosti, provádím analýzu a zabývám se možnostmi teoretických východisek. Závěrem navrhuji postup pro dosažení normy ISO. My bachelor´s thesis describes the implementation of the norm ISO 9001:2001 in the company ABC Security. I record a kind of the company; I do analysis and consider the possibilities of theoretical data. I propose the procedure how to reach the ...

  19. ISO 9001 and ISO 14001: An Integrated Quality Management System for an MTR Facility SAFARI-1 Research Reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SAFARI-1 research reactor, owned and operated by the South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa), initially obtained ISO 9001 accreditation of its Quality, Health, Safety and Environmental (QHSE) management system via international affiliation from the South African Bureau of Standards (SABS) during 1998 and re-certification according to ISO 9001 (2000) in 2003. With ever-increasing demands on nuclear facilities to demonstrate conformance to environmental policies, SAFARI-1 has now developed an Environmental Management System (EMS) that is compliant with ISO 14001 (1996) and is fully integrated with the SAFARI-1 Quality Management System (QMS). The dynamic involvement of SAFARI-1 in commercial applications demanded that any transition of the original QMS to a fully incorporated QHSE system had to be done in a way that would ensure sustained delivery of a safe and reliable service with continuous quality. At the same time, the primary vision of operating a facility under an efficient financial management programme was essential. The criteria established by the original ISO 9001 compliant QMS were appraised against the additional requirements of ISO 14001 and a suitable superstructure derived for generation and implementation of an inclusive EMS. The transitional integration of this system was planned so as to produce a QMS suitable to quality, environmental and other management related issues for application to the unique function of a nuclear research reactor. (author)

  20. HERBAL PRODUCT REALIZATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH WHO AND ISO GUIDELINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. J. Ameh et al

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Following the Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978, the World Health Organization (WHO began the issuance of guidelines for developing standardized herbal preparations from Traditional Medicine (TM. Similarly in 1987, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO launched the most anticipated industrial standard (ISO 9001 in world history. The seventh (7th clause of ISO 9001’s eight clauses is devoted to “Product Realization”- a quality management system (QMS procedure that includes: planning of product realization; appreciation of customer-related processes; design and development processes; purchasing; production and service provision; and control of measuring and monitoring equipment. Purpose: The article takes a hard look at the QMS processes involved in product realization and the critical stages of the WHO model of herbal drug development from TM, with a view to devising a framework that can be used to promote the production of quality herbal products, commencing from the stage of ethnobotanical survey, through the laboratory, to the clinic.Methodology: Both the WHO model of herbal drug development and the 7th clause of ISO 9001:2008 were critically reviewed and combined to yield a framework that is discussed within the context of guiding herbal drug development from TM. Results and Discussion: The resulting WHO-ISO framework of herbal product realization is discussed in terms of its relevance to practical problems of GMP-production using herbal starting materials, given their innate variability in composition, potency and appearance. Conclusion: The provisions of ISO 9001’s seventh clause can, to a large extent, be applied to the production of quality herbal products developed in accordance with WHO.

  1. Progress report on the management of the NEA ISOE system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lazo, E. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, Issy-les-Moulineaux (France)

    1995-03-01

    The Information System on Occupational Exposure (ISOE) was launched by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) on 1 January, 1992, to facilitate the communication of dosimetric and ALARA implementation data among nuclear utilities around the world. After two years of operation the System has become a mature interactive network for transfer of data and experience. Currently, 37 utilities from 12 countries, representing 289 power plants, and 12 national regulatory authorities participate in ISOE. Agreements for cooperation also exist between the NEA and the Commission of the European Communities (CEC), and the Paris Center of the WOrld Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO-PC). In addition, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is acting as a co-sponsor of ISOE for the participation of non-NEA member countries. Three Regional Technical Centres, Europe, Asia, and Non-NEA member countries, serve to administer the system. The ISOE Network is comprised of three data bases and a communications network at several levels. The three ISOE data bases include the following types of information: NEA1 - annual plant dosimetric information; NEA2 - plant operational characteristics for dose and dose rate reduction; and NEA3 - job specific ALARA practices and experiences. The ISOE communications network has matured greatly during 1992 and 1993. In addition to having access to the above mentioned data bases, participants may now solicit information on new subjects, through the Technical Centres, from all other participants on a real-time basis. Information Sheets on these studies are produced for distribution to all participants. In addition, Topical Reports on areas of interest are produced, and Topical Meetings are held annually.

  2. ISO 14000: Review and guidelines for the photovoltaic industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DePhillips, M.P.

    1997-08-01

    The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has released and is in the process of ratifying a new set of environmental management system standards, ISO 14000. These voluntary international standards will have a significant impact on how companies throughout the international community manage their environmental programs. Initially this impact will result in increased international trade opportunities due to the anticipated customer requirement for suppliers to demonstrate certification. Other potential impacts will benefit both companies engaged in international commerce and companies with a domestic focus. These would include installing a cohesive system to manage environmental matters, participation within a new regulatory paradigm, and adhering to a potentially new set of legal standards. The wide range of potential environmental, commercial, legal and regulatory benefits offered by ISO 14000 offer most companies significant reason to explore the possibilities of implementing an environmental management system. Organizations will be able to anticipate and meet growing environmental expectations and to ensure ongoing compliance with national and international requirements as well as satisfy the growing demands of customers, stakeholders and the interested public. As an emerging industry with significant international ties, the photovoltaic (PV) community will be effected from these standards if they do become globally adopted. In fact some major players in the PV industry have recently received certification to ISO 9000. This again demonstrates a trend within the industry to move toward a uniform system approach to management. This paper will expose interested parties within the PV industry to the details of ISO 14000 and will assist decision makers assess the various possibilities for implementation certification of ISO 14000 for an individual facility.

  3. Ambient Air Quality Data Inventory

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Office of Air and Radiation??s (OAR) Ambient Air Quality Data (Current) contains ambient air pollution data collected by EPA, other federal agencies, as well as...

  4. Ambient Air Quality Data Inventory

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Office of Air and Radiation's (OAR) Ambient Air Quality Data (Current) contains ambient air pollution data collected by EPA, other federal agencies, as well as...

  5. U-value measurements on ISO round Robin window

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duer, Karsten

    1997-01-01

    9 laboratories in 6 european and 2 north american countries have participated in a round robin U-value test of a standard facade window. The objective of the round robin test was to verify that the ISO/CEN proposals for U-value measurement standard is robust.......9 laboratories in 6 european and 2 north american countries have participated in a round robin U-value test of a standard facade window. The objective of the round robin test was to verify that the ISO/CEN proposals for U-value measurement standard is robust....

  6. Ashkin–Teller model on the iso-radial graphs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We find the critical surface of the Ashkin–Teller model on the generic iso-radial graphs by using the results for the anisotropic Ashkin–Teller model on the square lattice. Different geometrical aspects of this critical surface are discussed, especially their connection to the anisotropy angle. The free energy of the model on the generic iso-radial graph is extracted using the inversion identities. In addition, lattice holomorphic variables are discussed at some particular points of the critical line. We check our conjectures numerically for the anisotropic triangular lattice Ashkin–Teller model

  7. Characterization and robust filtering of multifunctional surfaces using ISO standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Kasper Storgaard; Godi, Alessandro; De Chiffre, Leonardo

    2011-01-01

    to the multi-process production method involved. A series of MUFU surfaces were characterized by using the ISO 13565 standard for stratified surfaces and it is shown that the standard in some cases is inadequate for the characterization of a MUFU surface. To improve the filtering of MUFU surfaces......, the robust Gaussian regression filtering technique described in ISO 16610-31 is analyzed and discussed. By slight modifications it is shown how the robust Gaussian regression filter can be applied to remove the form and find a suitable reference surface for further characterization of the MUFU...

  8. Implementing ISO/IEC 20000 certification the roadmap

    CERN Document Server

    Bon, Jan van

    2008-01-01

    ISO/IEC 20000 is the corporate standard for achieving quality within IT Service Management. As individuals achieve success in Service Management frameworks such as ITIL®, many organizations have identified the benefits of making the jump to full corporate accreditation. But, having made the decision to invest in this standard, what is the best way to implement adoption in an efficient and successful way?This thorough, practical guide has been put together by real experts with real experience of how ISO/IEC 20000 works in the workplace and in the real world. Part A of this title covers the step

  9. Revision of the ISO and EN radiation sterilization standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radiation sterilization standards, ISO 11137 and EN 552, are now being revised under 'ISO lead', with the aim of producing only one international standard, although in four parts: (1) requirements, (2) dose-setting methods, (3) dose-substantiation methods and (4) dosimetry. Several aspects of the old standards that have caused problems, when they were used in practice, are addressed in the revision. Input from users of the standards is necessary in order that the standards be developed as useful tools in the documentation of radiation sterilization

  10. ISO 14001 KOT ORODJE ZA DOSEGANJE TRAJNOSTNEGA RAZVOJA ORGANIZACIJE

    OpenAIRE

    Bonča, Maša

    2015-01-01

    Namen diplomskega dela je proučiti dosedanja spoznanja na področju proučevanja vpeljave standarda ISO 14001 ter analizirati prednosti, ki jih standard lahko prinese organizaciji. Del diplomskega dela temelji na kritični analizi dosedanjih spoznanj iz literature. V aplikativnem delu diplome predvidevamo izvedbo konceptualne zasnove modela nadgradnje obstoječe verzije standarda ISO 14001. Priložnost obravnavane teme se izkazuje v tem, da nam poda bolj specifičen vpogled v mehanizme vpeljave sta...

  11. Empresas excelentes entre las certificadas en las normas ISO 9000

    OpenAIRE

    Climent Serrano, Salvador

    2005-01-01

    En este trabajo se realiza un estudio entre las empresas certificadas en la norma ISO 9000 de la Comunidad Valenciana mediante una encuesta, con el objetivo de diferenciar los resultados sobre incremento de competitividad por la certificación en las normas ISO 9000, dependiendo de la involucración de las empresas en los sistemas de gestión de la calidad total, así como averiguar que factores inciden para que las empresas certificadas se impliquen en mayor medida en estos sistemas

  12. Managing your library and its quality the ISO 9001 way

    CERN Document Server

    Balagué, Núria

    2011-01-01

    This book, divided into two parts, provides an introduction to the quality management issues and gives a general overview to the use of ISO 9001 in the library environment. The second part presents the main features of ISO 9001:2008 with practical comments and examples on how to implement its clauses in libraries. Whether in the public or in the private sector, libraries can be seen as service organisations: they act in very dynamic environments where users are increasingly demanding new types of services. Thus the adoption of a quality management system helps each library in meeting the needs

  13. ISO-PC Version 1.98: User's guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document describes how to use Version 1.98 of the shielding program named ISO-PC. Version 1.98 corrects all known errors in ISOSHLD-II. In addition, a few numeric problems have been eliminated. There are three new namelist variables, 25 additional shielding materials, and 5 more energy groups. The two major differences with the original ISOSHLD-II are the removal of RIBD(radioisotope buildup and decay) source generator, and the removal of the non-uniform source distribution parameter, SSV1. This version of ISO-PC works with photon energies from 10 KeV to 10 MeV using 30 energy groups

  14. Revision of the ISO and EN radiation sterilization standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, A.; Hansen, J.

    2002-01-01

    The radiation sterilization standards, ISO 11137 and EN 552, are now being revised under "ISO lead", with the aim of producing only one international standard, although in four parts: (1) requirements. (2) dose-setting methods, (3) dose-substantiation methods and (4) dosimetry. Several aspects...... of the old standards that have caused problems, when they were used in practice, are addressed in the revision. Input from users of the standards is necessary in order that the standards be developed as useful tools in the documentation of radiation sterilization. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights...

  15. 新版ISO 14001一瞥

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范与华

    2005-01-01

    2004年11月15日,国际标准化组织(ISO)发布了ISO 14001的2004版。广大用户对新标准可能产生的影响表示了极大的关注。本文拟通过对新、旧两版标准的对比,就新标准实施后须考虑的体系调整提出个人刍见,和广大用户进行探讨。

  16. ISO 14001:2015: An improved tool for sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel Ciravegna Martins da Fonseca

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: ISO 14001 is an International Standard of worldwide acceptance based on the concept that better environmental performance can be achieved when environmental aspects are systematically identified and managed giving a major contribution to Sustainability, through pollution prevention, improved environmental performance and complying with applicable laws.This paper aims to discuss the Sustainability approach through the use of Environmental Management Standards and the current process of ISO 14001:2015 revision. Design/methodology/approach: Revisiting the concept of Sustainability, the status of the revision process of ISO 14001:2015 and its expected outcomes are discussed. Findings and Originality/value: It is one of the first attempts to analyze, within the Sustainability framework, the status of the revision of the future ISO 14001:2015 International Standard that will respond to the latest trends and is expected to further improve Environmental performance by impacting the work of many People and Organizations worldwide and also ensuring it is compatible with other management system standards such as ISO 9001. Research limitations/implications: Since the revision standard is not yet finished some changes might still happen and some of the remarks expressed in this paper might not be consensual within the Environmental Community. Practical implications: There will be a 3 year transition process for the ISO 14001:2015 certification and major benefits like Quality Management Systems with less emphasis on documentation and new/reinforced approaches as consideration of organizational context and (relevant Stakeholders, risk based thinking, life cycle perspective and more emphasis on improving environmental performance. Social implications: The ISO 14001:2015 revision will have major impacts on the more than 300.000 worldwide certified organizations and on the many professionals that work with, hopefully Originality/value: Although 14001

  17. Considerations about ISO 14001, and suggestions for the next revision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Tine Herreborg

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss a number of issues related to ISO 14001:2004, the international standard for environmental management systems (EMS) with the purpose of improving the next edition in order to recognize and reflect new recognitions in approaches to pollution prevention. The...... standard is a process standard that leaves room for interpretation at company level as well as among lead auditors from certifying bodies. A case study is presented and shows lack of life cycle thinking in product development. The paper suggests changes of ISO 14001:2004 in order to include a clear product...

  18. Studies of iso-alpha-acids: analysis, purification, and stability.

    OpenAIRE

    Khatib, Alfi

    2006-01-01

    The female cones of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) are added to beer, providing taste and flavour and contributing to the stability of foam. The main constituents of hop related to these properties are generically known as alpha-acids. During the brewing process, these acids are isomerized, resulting in the formation of three pairs of trans-/cis-iso-alpha–acids. The aim of this thesis project was to develop a method for the analysis (Chapter 2 and 7) as well as the purification of iso-alpha-acids (...

  19. ISO 9000质量体系认证——通向世界的钥匙!%ISO 9000—THE ROAD TO THE WORLD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ 1 1994版ISO 9000系列标准简介 1.1 ISO 9000系列标准包括的标准范围 ISO 9000系列标准共包括5项标准。它们是: ISO 9000—1:1994《质量管理和质量保证标准第一部分:选择和使用指南》 ISO 9001:1994《质量体系设计、开发、生产、安装和服务的质量保证模式》 ISO 9002:1994《质量体系生产、安装和服务的质量保证模式》 ISO 9003:1994《质量体系最终检验和试验的……

  20. Iso-vector and iso-scalar tensor charges of the nucleon from lattice QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhattacharya, Tanmoy; Cirigliano, Vincenzo; Gupta, Rajan; Yoon, Boram [Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM (United States). Theoretical Div. T-2; Cohen, Saul D. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory; Joseph, Anosh [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Lin, Huey-Wen [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Collaboration: PNDME Collaboration

    2015-07-15

    We present results for the iso-vector and flavor diagonal tensor charges g{sup u-d}{sub T}, g{sup u}{sub T}, g{sup d}{sub T}, and g{sup s}{sub T} needed to probe novel tensor interactions at the TeV scale in neutron and nuclear β-decays and the contribution of the quark electric dipole moment (EDM) to the neutron EDM. The lattice QCD calculations were done using nine ensembles of gauge configurations generated by the MILC collaboration using the HISQ action with 2+1+1 dynamical flavors. These ensembles span three lattice spacings a∼0.06, 0.09 and 0.12 fm and three quark masses corresponding to the pion masses M{sub π}∼130, 220 and 310 MeV. Using estimates from these ensembles, we quantify all systematic uncertainties and perform a simultaneous extrapolation in the lattice spacing, volume and light quark masses for the connected contributions. The final estimates of the connected nucleon (proton) tensor charge for the iso-vector combination is g{sup u-d}{sub T}=1.020(76) in the MS scheme at 2 GeV. The additional disconnected quark loop contributions needed for the flavor-diagonal matrix elements are calculated using a stochastic estimator employing the truncated solver method with the all-mode-averaging technique. We find that the size of the disconnected contribution is smaller than the statistical error in the connected contribution. This allows us to bound the disconnected contribution and include it as an additional uncertainty in the flavor-diagonal charges. After a continuum extrapolation, we find g{sup u}{sub T}=0.774(66), g{sup d}{sub T}=-0.233(28) and g{sup u+d}{sub T}=0.541(67). The strangeness tensor charge, that can make a significant contribution to the neutron EDM due to the large ratio m{sub s}/m{sub u,d}, is g{sup s}{sub T}=0.008(9) in the continuum limit.

  1. NIF Ambient Vibration Measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    LLNL has an ongoing research and development project that includes developing data acquisition systems with remote wireless communication for monitoring the vibrations of large civil engineering structures. In order to establish the capability of performing remote sensing over an extended period of time, the researchers needed to apply this technology to a real structure. The construction of the National Ignition Facility provided an opportunity to test the data acquisition system on a large structure to monitor whether the facility is remaining within the strict ambient vibration guidelines. This document will briefly discuss the NIF ambient vibration requirements and summarize the vibration measurements performed during the Spring and Summer of 1999. In addition, a brief description of the sensors and the data acquisition systems will be provided in Appendix B

  2. ISO 26000融入图书馆实践的思考%Integration of ISO 26000 into Library Practices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘川; 夏红兵

    2014-01-01

    图书馆的决策和活动能够影响社会和环境,是图书馆承担社会责任的缘由.ISO 26000拓展了图书馆社会责任理论与实践的领域.详述ISO 26000各条款内容,阐述其对图书馆社会责任发展的意义.指出图书馆应从宣传教育、制定图书馆社会责任指南、加强规章体系建设等方面全面融入ISO 26000,以推动图书馆的社会责任实践.

  3. 2000版ISO 9000族标准的修订与转换实施%Modification and implementation of ISO 9000:2000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽生

    2001-01-01

    @@1 2000版ISO 9000族标准修订过程 2000版ISO 9000族标准(2000版ISO 9000、ISO 9001和ISO 9004三个国际标准已经各成员机构表决并获通过)已于2000年12月15日正式发布。该标准族的修订大致经历如下过程。 国际标准化组织(英文缩写为ISO)分别于1986年发布ISO 8402《质量——术语》和1987年发布ISO 9000《质量管理和质量保证标准——选择和使用指南》、ISO 9001《质量体系——设计开发、生产、安装和服务的质量保证模式》、ISO 9002《质量体系——生产、安装和服务的质量保证模式》、ISO 9003《质量体系——最终检验和试验的质量保证模式》、ISO 9004《质量管理和质量体系要素——指南》等6项国际标准,通称为ISO 9000系列标准或称为1987版ISO 9000系列国际标准。

  4. Condiciones de trabajo materno y bajo peso al nacer en la Ciudad de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CERÓN-MIRELES PRUDENCIA

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estudiar la asociación entre condiciones de trabajo materno y bajo peso al nacer en la Ciudad de México. Material y métodos. Se encuestaron 2 623 trabajadoras que atendieron sus partos en tres grandes hospitales de la Ciudad de México en 1992. Se obtuvo información sobre los principales factores biológicos y sociales que se asocian al bajo peso al nacer; asimismo, se determinó el estrés ocupacional utilizando el instrumento desarrollado por Karasek. Se utilizaron modelos de regresión logística para evaluar la relación de las condiciones de trabajo con el bajo peso al nacer, controlando por variables confusoras. Resultados. El bajo peso al nacer fue más alto en trabajadoras con jornadas mayores a 50 horas semanales (RM= 1.6; IC= 1.17, 2.28 y con conflictos laborales (RM= 1.5; IC= 1.0, 2.25. La falta de apoyo social tangible fue identificado como un factor de riesgo de bajo peso al nacer (RM= 1.7; IC= 1.20, 2.33. Las medidas preventivas laborales como el cambio de tareas, disminución de la jornada y las salidas por enfermedad no mostraron un efecto benéfico en el peso al nacer, a excepción de la licencia de maternidad; las madres que no la tuvieron mostraron una probabilidad 2.2 veces mayor para bajo peso al nacer (IC= 1.66, 2.93. Conclusiones. Estos hallazgos resaltan la importancia de identificar los factores de riesgo ocupacional en el embarazo..

  5. ISO 9000 versus EFQM en las empresas certificadas en las normas ISO 9000 de la Comunidad Valenciana

    OpenAIRE

    Climent Serrano, Salvador

    2010-01-01

    En este trabajo se presentan los resultados obtenidos mediante una encuesta postal a las empresas certificadas en las normas ISO 9000 de la Comunidad Valenciana, sobre las diferencias que existen entre las empresas, que sólo están certificadas en las normas ISO 9000, y las que además de la certificación aplican el modelo europeo de excelencia EFQM. Los factores diferenciadores de los dos grupos los hemos separado en dos conjuntos, factores exógenos a la calidad, como el tamaño de la empresa, ...

  6. New water and remote galaxies complete ISO's observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    ISO's operational teams at ESA's ground station at Villafranca near Madrid have been hurrying to provide the world's astronomers with as many observations as possible. They have long anticipated the exhaustion of ISO's vital supply of liquid helium, which cooled the infrared telescope and its instruments to their operating temperatures, close to absolute zero. Two weeks after ISO was put into orbit on 17 November 1995 by an Ariane 44P launcher, the external parts of the cooling system had settled to the operating temperature. The specification required that ISO should then operate for at least 18 months -- implying that operations might have to end in May 1997. Thanks to superb engineering by European industry, which built the spacecraft and its super-cool telescope, ISO has given astronomers almost a year longer than that. During the extra time the count of ISO's observations of cosmic objects has risen from 16,000 to about 26,000. Among the benefits of ISO's longevity has been the chance to examine an important region of the sky, in and around the constellation of Orion. This was not accessible in the nominal mission but has now been observed in two periods. Four inter national teams, supported by national funding agencies, supplied the instruments to analyse the infrared rays received by ISO's telescope. The principal investigators leading the teams are Dietrich Lemke (Heidelberg, Germany) for the versatile photometer ISOPHOT, Catherine Cesarsky (Saclay, France) for the camera ISOCAM, Thijs de Graauw (Groningen, the Netherlands) for the Short Wavelength Spectrometer SWS, and Peter Clegg (London, UK) for the Long Wavelength Spectrometer LWS. Water vapour on Titan A big difference between ISO and the only previous infrared astronomy satellite (IRAS 1983) has been its ability to examine individual objects across a wide range of accurately defined infrared wavelengths. Many spectra showing patterns of intensities at the different wavelengths have enabled astronomers

  7. Materiales, tecnologías y prototipos de viviendas de muy bajo coste

    OpenAIRE

    Salas Serrano, Julián; Díaz-Romeral Bringas, Pablo

    1982-01-01

    Not available.El fin último de la investigación es el de conseguir unas tipologías de viviendas realizadas mediante materiales, procedimientos o sistemas constructivos que permitan proporcionar un producto final, cuyas características fundamentales sean: adecuación a las necesidades físicas y socioculturales de la zona y, prioritariamente, la consecución de un muy bajo coste da ejecución de las mismas. Cuando se habla a continuación de «viviendas de muy bajo coste» se debe entender que n...

  8. Launching the chaotic realm of iso-fractals: A short remark

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this brief note, we introduce the new, emerging sub-discipline of iso-fractals by highlighting and discussing the preliminary results of recent works. First, we note the abundance of fractal, chaotic, non-linear, and self-similar structures in nature while emphasizing the importance of studying such systems because fractal geometry is the language of chaos. Second, we outline the iso-fractal generalization of the Mandelbrot set to exemplify the newly generated Mandelbrot iso-sets. Third, we present the cutting-edge notion of dynamic iso-spaces and explain how a mathematical space can be iso-topically lifted with iso-unit functions that (continuously or discretely) change; in the discrete case examples, we mention that iteratively generated sequences like Fibonacci’s numbers and (the complex moduli of) Mandelbrot’s numbers can supply a deterministic chain of iso-units to construct an ordered series of (magnified and/or de-magnified) iso-spaces that are locally iso-morphic. Fourth, we consider the initiation of iso-fractals with Inopin’s holographic ring (IHR) topology and fractional statistics for 2D and 3D iso-spaces. In total, the reviewed iso-fractal results are a significant improvement over traditional fractals because the application of Santilli’s iso-mathematics arms us an extra degree of freedom for attacking problems in chaos. Finally, we conclude by proposing some questions and ideas for future research work

  9. Launching the chaotic realm of iso-fractals: A short remark

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Schmidt, Nathan [Department of Mathematics, Boise State University, 1910 University Drive, Boise, ID 83725 (United States); Katebi, Reza [Department of Physics, California State University in Fullerton, 800 North State College Boulevard, Fullerton, CA 92831 (United States); Corda, Christian [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Advanced Mathematics Einstein-Galilei (IFM), Via Santa Gonda 14, 59100 Prato (Italy)

    2015-03-10

    In this brief note, we introduce the new, emerging sub-discipline of iso-fractals by highlighting and discussing the preliminary results of recent works. First, we note the abundance of fractal, chaotic, non-linear, and self-similar structures in nature while emphasizing the importance of studying such systems because fractal geometry is the language of chaos. Second, we outline the iso-fractal generalization of the Mandelbrot set to exemplify the newly generated Mandelbrot iso-sets. Third, we present the cutting-edge notion of dynamic iso-spaces and explain how a mathematical space can be iso-topically lifted with iso-unit functions that (continuously or discretely) change; in the discrete case examples, we mention that iteratively generated sequences like Fibonacci’s numbers and (the complex moduli of) Mandelbrot’s numbers can supply a deterministic chain of iso-units to construct an ordered series of (magnified and/or de-magnified) iso-spaces that are locally iso-morphic. Fourth, we consider the initiation of iso-fractals with Inopin’s holographic ring (IHR) topology and fractional statistics for 2D and 3D iso-spaces. In total, the reviewed iso-fractal results are a significant improvement over traditional fractals because the application of Santilli’s iso-mathematics arms us an extra degree of freedom for attacking problems in chaos. Finally, we conclude by proposing some questions and ideas for future research work.

  10. El basamento metamórfico de muy bajo a bajo grado de las estancias La Modesta y La Josefina, macizo del Deseado, provincia de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Moreira

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se exponen los resultados de un relevamiento detallado de las metamorfitas de la Formación La Modesta en su localidad tipo. Estudios petrográficos, geoquímicos y estructurales de estas rocas permitieron identificar nuevas litologías que integran esta unidad (rocas calcosilicáticas, metavolcanitas básicas, turmalinitas y bancos de óxidos de Fe y Mn, posibilitaron además establecer que el grado metamórfico alcanzado ha sido de muy bajo a bajo en prehnita-pumpellita transicional a facies de esquistos verdes. Se reconoció una esquistosidad S1 subparalela a las superficies de sedimentación S0. Se ha reinterpretado su ubicación temporal sobre la base de una datación (errorcrona Rb-Sr: 413 ± 17 Ma. Además se correlaciona esta formación con otras unidades sedimentarias de bajo grado metamórfico de regiones aledañas del macizo del Deseado y separarla de las rocas del Complejo Río Deseado. Por último, se propone una posible evolución geológica pre-mesozoica para la zona a partir de un margen protopacífico.

  11. Salud ambiental: conceptos y actividades

    OpenAIRE

    Ordóñez Gonzalo A.

    2000-01-01

    La finalidad del trabajo es aportar información y propuestas conceptuales que faciliten la tarea de quienes tienen a su cargo la sistematización institucional de la salud ambiental. Se hace un análisis de la noción de "ambiente" para la cual se sugiere una definición, y se examina el lugar de la salud ambiental en el contexto de los problemas ambientales y sus vertientes "verde" y "azul". Se examinan denominaciones equivalentes de salud ambiental y se introducen los servicios de salud ambient...

  12. Statistical measurements of library activities: implementation of ISO 2789 : 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Kodrič-Dačič

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The author presents statistical measurements of library activities in Slovenia and some problems which emerge when implementing the novelties of the new edition of ISO 2789 : 2003 from the standpoint of a librarian, who provides statistics on the national level. Collecting library statistics already has a long tradition in Slovenia and is presently carried out by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia and by the National Centre for Library Development at the National and University Library, which is also responsible for the content of statistical questionnaires. The questionnaires are based on UNESCO statistical questionnaires and ISO standards while in the last decade there have been some changes due to the requirements of the LIBECON project. As a response to the needs of the information society, libraries develop new services which have to be measured and monitored. The third edition of the standard ISO 2789 : 2003 has defined new measures which are needed to perform statistical research of library activities in the digital environment. In order to preserve international comparability of statistical data it is necessary to implement the novelties of the ISO standard in the national statistics. However, there are at least three problems: how to preserve comparability of the data with previous statistics, how to collect them and how to educate librarians to report the relevant data.

  13. The ISO 5-pass authentication in χ-Spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cáccamo, Mario J.; Crazzolara, Federico; Milicia, Giuseppe

    2002-01-01

    We implement the ISO 5-pass authentication protocol and study its correctness using the χ-Space framework. χ-Spaces is a novel domain specific programming language designed for developing protocols and in particular security protocols. χ-Spaces programming language is an implementation of SPL...

  14. ISO standards on test methods for water radioactivity monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Water is vital to humans and each of us needs at least 1.5 L of safe water a day to drink. Beginning as long ago as 1958 the World Health Organization (WHO) has published guidelines to help ensure water is safe to drink. Focused from the start on monitoring radionuclides in water, and continually cooperating with WHO, the International Standardization Organization (ISO) has been publishing standards on radioactivity test methods since 1978. As reliable, comparable and ‘fit for purpose’ results are an essential requirement for any public health decision based on radioactivity measurements, international standards of tested and validated radionuclide test methods are an important tool for production of such measurements. This paper presents the ISO standards already published that could be used as normative references by testing laboratories in charge of radioactivity monitoring of drinking water as well as those currently under drafting and the prospect of standardized fast test methods in response to a nuclear accident. - Highlights: • The ISO published standards on test methods to monitor the radioactivity of drinking water. • ISO Standards used by test laboratories to carry out radionuclide measurements are presented. • The WHO refers to these test methods in its 4th edition of the Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality. • National authority trusts the quality of data obtained by laboratories using common standards

  15. ISO observations of Titan with SWS/grating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coustenis, A.; Encrenaz, T.; Salama, A.; Lellouch, E.; Gautier, D.; Kessler, M. F.; deGraauw, T.; Samuelson, R. E.; Bjoraker, G.; Orton, G.

    1997-01-01

    The observations of Titan performed by the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) short wavelength spectrometer (SWS), in the 2 micrometer to 45 micrometer region using the grating mode, are reported on. Special attention is given to data from Titan concerning 7 micrometer to 45 micrometer spectral resolution. Future work for improving Titan's spectra investigation is suggested.

  16. CM and DM in an ISO R and D Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Sandra L.

    2000-01-01

    ISO 9000 - a common buzz word in industry is making inroads to government agencies. The National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) achieved ISO 9001 certification at each of its nine (9) Centers and Headquarters in 1998-1999. NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) was recommended for certification in September 1999. Since then, each of the Centers has been going through the semi-annual surveillance audits. Growing out of the manufacturing industry, successful application of the international quality standard to a research and development (R&D) environment has had its challenges. This paper will address how GRC applied Configuration Management (CM) and Data (or Document) Management (DM) to meet challenges to achieve ISO certification. One of the first challenges was to fit the ISO 9001-1994 elements to the GRC environment. Some of the elements fit well-Management Responsibility (4.1), Internal Audits (4.17), Document and Data Control (4.5). Other elements were not suited or applied easily to the R&D environment-Servicing (4.19), Statistical Techniques (4.20). Since GRC "builds" only one or two items at a time, these elements were considered not applicable to the environment.

  17. ISO 14001:2015: an improved tool for sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Miguel Ciravegna Martins da Fonseca

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: ISO 14001 is an International Standard of worldwide acceptance based on the concept that better environmental performance can be achieved when environmental aspects are systematically identified and managed giving a major contribution to Sustainability, through pollution prevention, improved environmental performance and complying with applicable laws. This paper aims to discuss the Sustainability approach through the use of Environmental Management Standards (EMS), th...

  18. Le prime norme sviluppate dall'ISO/TC 142

    OpenAIRE

    Tronville, Paolo Maria

    2013-01-01

    Il settore della depurazione dell'aria si arricchisce di tre nuove norme tecniche elaborate dall'ISO/TC 142 "Cleaning equipment for air and other gases". Le norme, sviluppate sotto Vienna Agreement, hanno richiesto circa cinque anni per giungere alla pubblicazione e saranno a breve disponibili sul catalogo UNI

  19. ISO19770-1:2012 SAM process guidance

    CERN Document Server

    Canavan, Rory

    2012-01-01

    The pocket guide offers a concise summary of the principles of software asset management as conveyed by ISO 19770-1: 2012, and provides advice and guidance on how to kick-start your own SAM programme - something the Standard alone doesn't offer.

  20. Covenants with Weak Swords: ISO 14001 and Facilities' Environmental Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potoski, Matthew; Prakash, Aseem

    2005-01-01

    Voluntary environmental programs are codes of progressive environmental conduct that firms pledge to adopt. This paper investigates whether ISO 14001, a voluntary program with a weak sword--a weak monitoring and sanctioning mechanism--can mitigate shirking and improve participants' environmental performance. Sponsored by the International…

  1. Quality Management in Supply Chain Based on ISO9000

    OpenAIRE

    Guangshu Chang

    2009-01-01

    This paper discussed the application of the eight modern quality management principles of ISO9000 in supply chain quality management, namely customer focus, leadership, involvement of people, process management, system management, continual improvement, factual approach to decision making, and mutually beneficial supplier relationships.

  2. Information Asymmetries as Trade Barriers: ISO 9000 Increases International Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potoski, Matthew; Prakash, Aseem

    2009-01-01

    Spatial, cultural, and linguistic barriers create information asymmetries between buyers and sellers that impede international trade. The International Organization for Standardization's ISO 9000 program is designed to reduce these information asymmetries by providing assurance about the product quality of firms that receive its certification.…

  3. The soul of the machine: continual improvement in ISO 14001.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouwer, M.A.C.; Koppen, van C.S.A.

    2008-01-01

    Continual improvement is a key component of ISO 14001, but in contrast to most other specifications in the standard, it is difficult to assess. Based on interviews with 19 certified companies in the chemical, food, and environmental services sectors, this article explores the dynamics of continual i

  4. The hidden networks of knowledge in ISO 14001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Ulrik

    2003-01-01

    The ISO 14001 standard is defined as a management standard based on an assumed existing knowledge base of what is to be considered being environmental problems. In the implementation of the standard is become evident, that its use and impact is entirely dependent of the existence of networks of...

  5. The soul of the machine: continual improvement in ISO 14001

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouwer, M.A.C.; van Koppen, C.S.A.

    2008-01-01

    Continual improvement is a key component of ISO 14001, but in contrast to most other specifications in the standard, it is difficult to assess. Based on interviews with 19 certified companies in the chemical, food, and environmental services sectors, this article explores the dynamics of continual i

  6. First results of ISO-SWS observations of Jupiter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Encrenaz, T.; de Graauw, T.; Schaeidt, S.; Lellouch, E.; Feuchtgruber, H.; Beintema, D. A.; Bezard, B.; Drossart, P.; Griffin, M.; Heras, A.; Kessler, M.; Leech, K.; Morris, P.; Roelfsema, P. R.; Roos-Serote, M.; Salama, A.; Vandenbussche, B.; Valentijn, E. A.; Davis, G. R.; Naylor, D. A.

    1996-01-01

    The spectrum of Jupiter has been recorded between 2.75 and 14.5 mu m with the grating mode of the Short-Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS) of ISO. The resolving power is 1500. The main preliminary results of this observation are (1) at 3 mu m, the first spectroscopic signature, probably associated with N

  7. First Results of ISO-SWS Grating Observations of Jupiter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Encrenaz, Th.; de Graauw, Th.; Schaeidt, S.; Lellouch, E.; Feuchtgruber, H.; Beintema, D. A.; Bezard, B.; Drossart, P.; Griffin, M.; Heras, A.; Kessler, M.; Leech, K.; Morris, A.; Roelfsema, P. R.; Roos-Serote, M.; Salama, A.; Vandenbussche, B.; Valentijn, E. A.; Davies, G. R.; Naylor, D. A.

    1996-01-01

    The spectrum of Jupiter has been recorded on April 12, 1996, between 2.75 and 14.5 mu m, with the grating mode of the Short-Wavelength Spectrometer of ISO (Infrared Space Observatory). The resolving power is 1500 and the sensitivity limit is better than 1 Jy. The corresponding S/N ratio is better th

  8. Congenital isolated Iso-Kikuchi syndrome in a newborn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valerio, Enrico; Favot, Francesca; Mattei, Ilaria; Cutrone, Mario

    2015-10-01

    Classic CO (also called Iso-Kikuchi syndrome) represents a benign, isolated condition associated with normal patient outcome. Nevertheless, clinical follow-up and/or further clinically-based tests are needed to exclude other nail diseases associated with multisystem pathology; complete family history is also important to determine sporadic or hereditary transmission of such condition. PMID:26509026

  9. ISO/IEC 38500 the IT governance standard

    CERN Document Server

    Calder, Alan

    2008-01-01

    The emergence of ISO/IEC 38500 - the international standard for the corporate governance of information and communication technology - puts boards around the world in a position from which they can take effective action to apply core governance principles to their information and communication technology.

  10. Re-engineering caused by ISO-9000 certification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvam, Lars; Nielsen, Anders Paarup; Bjarnø, Ole-Christian

    1997-01-01

    Based on a project performed at a medium-sized producer of medical utensils, reviews some of the problems which the company experienced in connection with the system built up during ISO 9001 certification, and the re-engineering efforts which were performed in order to relieve these problems...

  11. Alcances prácticos para la evaluación ambiental de planes reguladores comunales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mesa de Trabajo MINVU-CONAMA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available En este contexto, al referirse a la evaluación ambiental de los planes reguladores comunales, el punto de partida obligado que impone la exigencia legal hoy en día, es tener que hacerlo bajo la premisa que un "plan" se evalúa como si fuera un "proyecto". Esto se origina en que la referida legislación no define cómo se evalúa un "plan", en comparación a que sí lo hace para establecer como evaluar un "proyecto".

  12. Habilidad combinatoria general y específica de líneas endogámicas de maíz tolerantes a bajo fósforo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narro León Luis Alberto

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Los cruzamientos dialelos de 12 padres contrastantes en la toma y uso de fósforo se evaluaron en dos niveles de fósforo (4 y 15 ppm usando un diseño experimental de alpha lattice con tres repeticiones. Se usó el diseño genético propuesto por Hallauer y Miranda. En bajo y alto fósforo se encontraron diferencias altamente significativas entre los genotipos, i.e. cruzamientos (C, padres (P y PvsC. En alto fósforo, PvsC explicaron 58% de la suma de cuadrados de los genotipos y los cruzamientos 66% en bajo fósforo. En bajo fósforo se encontraron diferencias altamente significativas para el contraste de tolerantes (T vs susceptibles (S. Los cruzamientos de padres TxT, SxS y TxS fueron estadísticamente diferentes, lo que sugirió que el carácter es poligénico. HCG y HCE fueron altamente significativas en los dos ambientes y HCE fue tres veces más grande, lo que sugirió que en la tolerancia a bajo fósforo son más importantes los efectos genéticos no aditivos.

  13. Implementace normy ISO 14001 v průmyslovém podniku

    OpenAIRE

    HOUZIM, Pavel

    2013-01-01

    The work deals with the implementation of an environmental management system according to ISO 14001 in a particular enterprise. The aim was to design an appropriate way of implementation of ISO 14001 certifications topped successful.

  14. [Efforts to achieve and effects of acquiring ISO 15189 in Tokushima University Hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shono, Kazuko; Kishi, Misako; Satou, Mituyo; Nagamine, Yasunori; Doi, Tosio

    2009-12-01

    The medical laboratory of Tokushima University Hospital acquired ISO 15189, an international standard for medical laboratories, on July 6th, 2007, resulting in it achieving the 24th place in Japan and 5th place among national university hospitals. The first surveillance was just performed on October 6th, 2008. Tokushima University Hospital, in which our medical laboratory is included as one section, already succeeded in acquiring ISO 9001, PrivacyMark System, and Quality Health Care ver. 5 before accomplishing ISO 15189. To achieve ISO 15189, we prepared documents based on ISO 9001 without any consultation, resulting in a review of the difference between ISO 9001 and ISO 15189 after the preliminary survey. Although achieving ISO 15189 resulted in an improvement in the reliability of laboratory results and accuracy, leading to the development of our technical skills and awareness, and sharing of knowledge, we consider that the considerable investment of time to prepare the requirements remains to be overcome. PMID:20077817

  15. Arquitectura y medio ambiente

    OpenAIRE

    Saura Carulla, Magdalena

    2003-01-01

    La arquitectura y la planificación son el resultado de una integración ponderada de conocimientos técnicos y una multiplicidad de aspectos relacionados con el conocimiento natural y social. En este trabajo el autor propone, desde el ámbito de las ciencias del medio ambiente, diversos planteamientos teóricos y prácticos relacionados con la arquitectura y el urbanismo. El conocimiento de la naturaleza de los sistemas naturales y de los sistemas ecosociales permite al diseñador aplicar un marco ...

  16. Ambiente il nostro futuro

    OpenAIRE

    Canigiani, Franca

    2016-01-01

    L’ambiente è il quadro di vita, la casa comune, il patrimonio di base delle società umane – scriveva un indimenticabile maestro della geografia italiana: Giuseppe Barbieri. Due gli avvenimenti che nel 2015 hanno segnato il passo dell’umanità sulla strada di una più matura coscienza ambientale, fino a comprendere che è necessario e urgente prendersi cura della Terra: primo, la pubblicazione della lettera enciclica di papa Francesco, Laudato si’ sulla cura della casa comune, straordinario saggi...

  17. AOX y medio ambiente.

    OpenAIRE

    Riva Juan, Mª del Carmen; López Ribas, David

    1996-01-01

    Los productos organohalogenados son muy utilizados por la industria y su presencia en el medio ambiente está siendo controlada. En los últimos años se han desarrollado varias técnicas de detección, siendo desde finales de los 80 los AOX (adsorbable organic halogens) uno de los parámetros sobre los que se han realizado más estudios. En muchos paises de la Unión Europea y en E.E.U.U. de América, la presencia de compuestos organohalogenados en aguas continentales y suelos está legislada indicand...

  18. Building a performance measurement internal auditing framework for the ISO 9001 quality management system

    OpenAIRE

    Gutierrez Alcantara, Flor Monica

    2013-01-01

    During the last two decades, ISO 9000 standards have become one of the most important management approaches in the world. Currently, the standards are used by more than one million companies in more than 170 countries. ISO 9001 audits are the most widely used performance measurement (PM) method to assess ISO 9001 quality management systems (QMS). However, in recent years the effectiveness of ISO 9001 quality auditing has been questioned for: (1) only focusing on compliance; (2) failing to det...

  19. A Comparative Study of Two Endemic Isoëtes Species from South Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Ernandes, Paola; Marchiori, Silvano

    2012-01-01

    Two Isoëtes taxa (Isoëtaceae, Pteridophyta) have recently been described in Puglia and Sicily (south Italy). Though morphologically similar (Ernandes, 2011), they differ in diagnostic characters and habitat preferences. In this paper, we highlight the differences and similarities between Isoëtes iapygia Ernandes, Beccarisi et Zuccarello (Ernandes et al., 2010) and Isoëtes todaroana Troia et Raimondo (Troia and Raimondo, 2009). Individuals are described in terms of selected diagnostic characte...

  20. Management Technologies - Are they worth it? A normative study of ISO 9001 and Project Management

    OpenAIRE

    Kavanagh, Donncha; Naughton, Ed; Corkery, Elaine; O'Sullivan, Kathleen

    2009-01-01

    This research inquires into the value of two common 'management technologies', namely ISO 9001 and project management. To avoid certain methodological problems, we study the value of these micro-level practices by inductively analysing macro-level data, specifically the intensity of project management and ISO 9001 certification (termed project management score and ISO 9001 score) in different countries against national measures of wealth and innovation. There is no correlation between ISO 900...

  1. ISOE-Newsletter / Institut für sozial-ökologische Forschung. 2014, 2

    OpenAIRE

    Institut für Sozial-Ökologische Forschung

    2014-01-01

    Medikamenten-Entsorgung: Verbraucherwissen mangelhaft +++ Ärztefortbildung zu Arzneimittelrückständen im Wasser +++ Neues Leitungsteam am ISOE +++ Save the Date: ISOE-Tagung im November +++ Umweltzeichen Blauer Engel soll zeitgemäßer werden +++ ISOE ist Gastgeber für die Gewinner des Science Forums „Green Talents“ 2014 +++ ISOE evaluiert Wasser-Partnerschaften in Afrika +++ Weltweit größte Anlage zum alternativen Abwassermanagement in China +++ Die Zukunft des Fahrrads: Abschlussveranstaltung...

  2. Management Technologies - Are they worth it? A normative study of ISO 9001 and Project Management

    OpenAIRE

    Kavanagh, Donncha; Naughton, Ed; Corkery, Elaine; O'Sullivan, Kathleen

    2009-01-01

    This research inquires into the value of two common ‘management technologies’, namely ISO 9001 and project management. To avoid certain methodological problems, we study the value of these micro-level practices by inductively analysing macro-level data, specifically the intensity of project management and ISO 9001 certification (termed project management score and ISO 9001 score) in different countries against national measures of wealth and innovation. There is no correlation between ISO 900...

  3. New Standard ISO 9001:2015 and its Effect on Organisations

    OpenAIRE

    Medić, Srđan; Karlović, Biljana; Cindrić, Zrinko

    2016-01-01

    ISO 9001 is the international standard which specifies requirements for quality management systems (QMS). Organisations implement requirements of the standard to demonstrate the ability to consistently provide products and services that meet customer and regulatory requirements. It is the most popular standard of the ISO 9000 series and the only standard in the series to which organisations can certify. The new version of ISO 9001 was released in September 2015 and changes made in ISO 900...

  4. ISO9001 Certification in UK Organisations A comparative study of motivations and impacts.

    OpenAIRE

    McCrosson, Scott; Cano, Michele; O'Neill, Eileen; Kobi, Abdessamad

    2013-01-01

    Since its introduction in 1987 the ISO 9000 series of standards has become a worldwide success, with it now considered as the minimum standard for a quality management system. The number of ISO 9001 certified companies is increasingly annually. This paper presents the results of research aimed at assessing if the motives for obtaining ISO 9001 certification, and the perceived impacts to be derived from ISO 9001 certification, are seen to vary across different industrial sectors. The study use...

  5. Cosmic water traced by Europe's space telescope ISO

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-05-01

    In retracing this history, ISO also observes water in the form of ice in cooler regions around the stars, and in the dust surrounding young stars, from which planets could evolve. Comets represent an intermediate stage in planet-building, and they contain much water ice. According to one hypothesis the newly formed Earth received some of its water directly from impacting comets. Water vapour in the Earth's atmosphere has prevented telescopes on the ground from detecting the water vapour among the stars, except in very unusual circumstances. ISO orbiting in space escapes the impediment of the atmosphere. Excellent onboard instruments register the characteristic infrared signatures of water vapour, water ice and many other materials. When ISO scrutinizes selected objects, it detects emissions or absorptions of infrared rays at particular wavelengths, or "lines" in a spectrum, which reveal the presence of identifiable atoms, molecules and solids. The Short Wavelength Specrometer and the Long Wavelength Spectrometer provide detailed chemical diagnoses, and the photometer ISOPHOT and camera ISOCAM also have important spectroscopic capabilities. Examples of water detection were among many topics reviewed at the First ISO Science Workshop held at ESA's Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) in Noordwijk, the Netherlands (29-31 May) when 300 astronomers from Europe, the USA and Japan gathered to assess results from ISO since its launch on 17 November 1995. The Long Wavelength Spectrometer has made remarkable observations of water-vapour lines in the vicinity of dying stars and in star-forming regions. So has the Short Wavelength Spectrometer, which also detects water ice. The photometer lSOPHOT has registered water ice in a large number of objects. Although fascinated by the natural history of water in the cosmos, astronomers have more technical reasons for welcoming ISO's observations. They can use thc details in a spectrum to reduce the abundance of water and its

  6. 75 FR 3228 - Notice of Commission Staff Attendance at Midwest ISO Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Commission Staff Attendance at Midwest ISO Meetings January 12... Commission staff may attend the following Midwest ISO-related meetings: Advisory Committee (10 a.m.-3 p.m... October 20 November 17 December 1 Midwest ISO Informational Forum (3 p.m.-5 p.m., ET) January 19...

  7. 76 FR 4104 - Notice of Commission Staff Attendance at Midwest ISO Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-24

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Commission Staff Attendance at Midwest ISO Meetings January 13... Commission staff may attend the following Midwest ISO-related meetings during the 2011 year: Advisory.... Paul, MN) September 14 October 19 November 16 December 6 Midwest ISO Informational Forum (3 p.m.-5...

  8. 75 FR 16096 - New England Power Generators Association Inc., Complainant v. ISO New England Inc., Respondent...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission New England Power Generators Association Inc., Complainant v. ISO New England Inc., Respondent; ISO New England Inc. and New England Power Pool; Notice of Complaint March 24... Generators Association Inc. (Complainant) filed a formal complaint against ISO New England Inc....

  9. 78 FR 38027 - ISO New England Inc.; Notice of Initiation of Proceeding and Refund Effective Date

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission ISO New England Inc.; Notice of Initiation of Proceeding and Refund... determine the justness and reasonableness of section III.A.15 of Appendix A of ISO New England Inc.'s existing tariff. Dominion Energy Marketing, Inc. and ISO New England Inc., 143 FERC ] 61,233 (2013)....

  10. Juhtimissüsteemide selgroog. Lean ning ISO - terviklahendused tootmise haldamiseks / Anton Ovsjankin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ovsjankin, Anton

    2011-01-01

    Kasvanud on juurutatavate Lean ja ISO süsteemide arv, kuid on kasvanud ka nende juurutamise ja arendamisega seotud ebaõnnestumiste arv. Põhjustest, miks jäävad paljud Leani ja ISO juurutanud ettevõtted ilma lubatud tulemusteta. Leani ja ISO haldamiseks vajalikest teguritest

  11. ISO sertifikaat kuulutab tootja mainet üle maailma / Ain Alvela

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 12. apr. lk. 24-25. ISO standardi rakendamine tagab toodangu kvaliteedi ja annab firmale usaldusväärsuse. Kommenteerib Ain Noormägi. Vt. samas: ISO 9001; ISO 14 001; Universaalne standard kohandub ettevõtte vajadustega

  12. Antioxidant mechanisms of iso-6-cassine in suppressing seizures induced by pilocarpine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivelilson Mendes de Freitas

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant effects of 12-[(2R,5R,6R-5-hydroxy-6-methylpiperidin-2-yl]dodecan-2-one (iso-6-cassine; ISO and the anticonvulsant effects of ISO on pilocarpine-induced seizures in rats. Wistar rats were treated with 0.9% saline (i.p., control group, pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, i.p., pilocarpine group, and the association of ISO (1.0 mg/kg, i.p. plus pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, i.p., 30 min after administration of ISO (ISO plus pilocarpine group. After the treatments all groups were observed for 1h. The antioxidant effect of ISO on the pilocarpine model was assessed by determining the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx, glutathione-S-transferase (GST and catalase (CAT as well as the levels of reactive species (RS and lipid peroxidation (LP. In vitro, ISO (5 μM reduced RS and LP. ISO (1.0 mg/kg and abolished seizures and death induced by pilocarpine in rats. ISO protected against the increase in the RS and LP levels, GST activity as well as the inhibition of GPx activity caused by pilocarpine. In addition, ISO increased the catalase activity in hippocampus of seized rats. In conclusion, the dta suggest that ISO can present anticonvulsant and antioxidant properties in the pilocarpine model of seizures in rats.

  13. Spectroscopic and computational studies of matrix-isolated iso-CHBr3: Structure, properties, and photochemistry of iso-bromoform

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iso-polyhalomethanes are known reactive intermediates that play a pivotal role in the photochemistry of halomethanes in condensed phases. In this work, iso-bromoform (iso-CHBr3) and its deuterated isotopomer were characterized by matrix isolation infrared and UV/visible spectroscopy, supported by ab initio and density functional theory calculations, to further probe the structure, spectroscopy, and photochemistry of this important intermediate. Selected wavelength laser irradiation of CHBr3 isolated in Ar or Ne matrices at ∼5 K yielded iso-CHBr3; the observed infrared and UV/visible absorptions are in excellent agreement with computational predictions, and the energies of various stationary points on the CHBr3 potential energy surface were characterized computationally using high-level methods in combination with correlation consistent basis sets. These calculations show that, while the corresponding minima lie ∼200 kJ/mol above the global CHBr3 minimum, the isomer is bound by some 60 kJ/mol in the gas phase with respect to the CHBr2+ Br asymptote. The photochemistry of iso-CHBr3 was investigated by selected wavelength laser irradiation into the intense S0→ S3 transition, which resulted in back photoisomerization to CHBr3. Intrinsic reaction coordinate calculations confirmed the existence of a first-order saddle point connecting the two isomers, which lies energetically below the threshold of the radical channel. Subsequently, natural bond orbital analysis and natural resonance theory were used to characterize the important resonance structures of the isomer and related stationary points, which demonstrate that the isomerization transition state represents a crossover from dominantly covalent to dominantly ionic bonding. In condensed phases, the ion-pair dominated isomerization transition state structure is preferentially stabilized, so that the barrier to isomerization is lowered.

  14. Crisis ambiental y cristianismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Cárdenas

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se identifican y reconocen algunas opciones que se pueden desarrollar en el cristianismo en relación con la problemática ambiental. Se aborda el dilema bíblico suscitado por interpretaciones antiecológicas y ecológicas. Con base en una lectura de la Biblia, de testimonios cristianos, y en una rememoria de estructuras institucionales, como la parroquia, se analiza el valor que tiene el mensaje cristiano en lo referido a la mitigación de la crisis ambiental.This article identifies and recognizes some options that can be developed in Christianity in relation to the environmental problem. It starts by analyzing the biblical dilemma provoked by both ecological and antiecological interpretations. Based on a reading of the Bible, testimonies from Christians and with a rememory of institutional structures, like the parish, the valué of the Christian message for mitigating the environmental crisis is analyzed.

  15. DESAFÍOS DE LA JUSTICIA AMBIENTAL Y EL ACCESO A LA JUSTICIA AMBIENTAL EN EL DESPLAZAMIENTO AMBIENTAL POR EFECTOS ASOCIADOS AL CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Gonzaga Valencia Hernández

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available En las últimas décadas el cambio climático ha traído grandes retos frente a los escenarios bajo los cuales se presenta, las consecuencias y víctimas que deja y la respuesta por parte de los Estados y de la Comunidad Internacional, para intentar prevenir o mitigar el daño causado por estos fenómenos. En el presente artículo producto del macroproyecto de investigación que se está ejecutando conjuntamente con las universidades pertenecientes a la Red de Grupos y Centros de Investigación Jurídica y Sociojurídica, Nodo Eje Cafetero, titulado: “Desplazamiento ambiental de la población asentada en la EcoRegión Eje Cafetero: Incidencia de factores asociados por efectos del Cambio Climático”, pretende exponer la emergencia y significado de conceptos relativamente nuevos en el conocimiento social y jurídico, como lo son el desplazado por causas ambientales y su relación con la justicia ambiental y climática, para luego proporcionar algunas orientaciones generales sobre la relación-interacción de estos términos, que se ven reflejados directamente en el tema de acceso a la justicia, tanto por parte de los afectados, como de los medios que poseen para alcanzarla, y de los nuevos desafíos que debe atender el derecho ambiental para desarrollar diagnósticos en esa línea y proponer el debate académico en torno a otras disciplinas.

  16. Biota acuática en la Amazonía Peruana: diversidad y usos como indicadores ambientales en el Bajo Urubamba (Cusco - Ucayali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Ortega

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se aplican índices biológicos de calidad ambiental y conservación, basados en el monitoreo biológico realizado entre año 2003 y 2009, en cinco localidades del río Bajo Urubamba. Fueron estudiadas las comunidades del plancton, bentos y peces. La diversidad del plancton comprendió 170 especies, basadas principalmente en Chlorophyta y Bacillariophyta. El bentos incluyó 112 especies, principalmente larvas y adultos de Arthropoda (Insecta. La diversidad de peces, incluye 176 especies, representadas por 26 familias y seis órdenes. El Índice Ephemeroptera + Plecoptera + Trichoptera (%EPT, califico el área de estudio entre normal a muy buena calidad. El índice de Integridad Biológica (IBI que determina el estado de conservación de los ambientes acuáticos, dio los mayores valores en Miaría y Sepahua. La elevada diversidad de las comunidades estudiados estaría relacionada a la heterogeneidad de hábitats y mayores recursos observados en la parte baja del área de estudio.

  17. Case Study:Adoption of ISO9001 in Post Enterprise%邮政企业推行ISO9001标准案例探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔光路

    2007-01-01

    文章结合江苏省宝应县邮政的实际,分析了邮政企业推行ISO9001标准的可行性与必要性,介绍了宝应县邮政推行ISO9001标准取得的实效,探讨了推行ISO9001标准需注意的问题.

  18. Factores nutricionales maternos y el bajo peso al nacer en un área de salud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arley Rey Vilchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: el bajo peso al nacer es multifactorial y se atribuye a causas maternas, fetales y ambientales. Los hábitos alimentarios inadecuados unidos a otros factores nutricionales maternos son determinantes. Objetivo: identificar los factores nutricionales maternos relacionados con el bajo peso al nacer en pacientes del Área I del municipio Cienfuegos. Métodos: se realizó un estudio analítico, retrospectivo, de casos y controles entre enero 2006 y diciembre 2008. Se estudiaron 50 madres de recién nacidos bajo peso (casos y 100 madres de niños normopesos (controles a razón de 2 por cada caso, seleccionadas del registro de nacimientos del área. Se revisaron las historias clínicas obstétricas y se entrevistó a cada paciente para evaluar sus hábitos alimentarios según frecuencia de comidas y grupos de alimentos consumidos. El procesamiento de la información se realizó utilizando el programa estadístico SPSS versión 15,0. Los resultados se presentaron en tablas con frecuencias absolutas, porcentajes y resultados de las técnicas estadísticas empleadas. Resultados: se comportaron como factores de riesgo: la edad materna, el estado nutricional al inicio del embarazo, la ganancia de peso durante la gestación y la hemoglobina del tercer trimestre. Las mujeres con hábitos alimentarios inestables e insuficientes tuvieron 33 veces más probabilidades de tener neonatos bajo peso y las que refirieron dietas no saludables según grupos de alimentos consumidos tuvieron 9 veces más riesgo. Conclusiones: los factores nutricionales maternos influyeron en la incidencia del bajo peso al nacer, fundamentalmente los hábitos alimentarios inadecuados.

  19. Types for BioAmbients

    CERN Document Server

    Capecchi, Sara; 10.4204/EPTCS.19.7

    2010-01-01

    The BioAmbients calculus is a process algebra suitable for representing compartmentalization, molecular localization and movements between compartments. In this paper we enrich this calculus with a static type system classifying each ambient with group types specifying the kind of compartments in which the ambient can stay. The type system ensures that, in a well-typed process, ambients cannot be nested in a way that violates the type hierarchy. Exploiting the information given by the group types, we also extend the operational semantics of BioAmbients with rules signalling errors that may derive from undesired ambients' moves (i.e. merging incompatible tissues). Thus, the signal of errors can help the modeller to detect and locate unwanted situations that may arise in a biological system, and give practical hints on how to avoid the undesired behaviour.

  20. Types for BioAmbients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Capecchi

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The BioAmbients calculus is a process algebra suitable for representing compartmentalization, molecular localization and movements between compartments. In this paper we enrich this calculus with a static type system classifying each ambient with group types specifying the kind of compartments in which the ambient can stay. The type system ensures that, in a well-typed process, ambients cannot be nested in a way that violates the type hierarchy. Exploiting the information given by the group types, we also extend the operational semantics of BioAmbients with rules signalling errors that may derive from undesired ambients' moves (i.e. merging incompatible tissues. Thus, the signal of errors can help the modeller to detect and locate unwanted situations that may arise in a biological system, and give practical hints on how to avoid the undesired behaviour.

  1. El surgimiento de la política global ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Vargas-Alzate

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo ofrece una revisión de variadas referencias orientadas a brindar explicaciones sobre la política global ambiental. El texto se divide en cuatro secciones; en la primera desarrolla los aportes del sistema de Naciones Unidas y el Informe Brundtland; en la segunda se remite a los primeros pasos de la comprensión conceptual; en la tercera desglosa el panorama de tránsito entre la política y la teoría verde, y en la cuarta cierra con la acción de los organismos no gubernamentales en temas ambientales y su respectiva sección concluyente. El trabajo académico está respaldado en un ejercicio de investigación que indagó por respuestas ante los enormes riesgos que vive la humanidad frente al deterioro ambiental y el relativamente bajo compromiso por parte de múltiples sectores que insisten en obviar dichas realidades. A su vez, se convierte en la primera aproximación de un estudio más elaborado sobre una temática aún no contemplada a profundidad en el país.

  2. New Thinking on Quality Management Standards——Interview with Dr.Gary Cort, the Chair of ISO/TC 176

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China Standardization:We know that ISO/TC 176 is one of the most important and influential technical committees of ISO,ISO 9000 family standards developed by ISO/TC 176 are well-known worldwide and set a successful example for international standards promotion and application,would you please tell us about the Scope of ISO/TC 176,and the global impact of ISO 9000 family standards developed by ISO/TC 176.Gary Cort:ISO/TC 176 is responsible for a suite of quality managemeng system standards including ISO 9000,ISO 9001,and ISO 9004.

  3. Prediction of Time, Cost and Effort needed for software organizations to transit from ISO 9001:2008 to ISO 9001:2015. : A Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Somaraju, Dilip

    2016-01-01

    Context. Several quality standards have been developed over the years in order to define quality metrics for an organization’s product and even processes. One of the famous standards among them is the ISO 9000 standards which started several years ago. Since its beginning, ISO standards have seen several upgrades. Currently ISO 9001:2008 is in use which is being upgraded to ISO 9001: 2015. Companies have to migrate to the new scheme within three years of the prescribed time in order to retain...

  4. ISO 9000 Family Standards in China——Interview with Wang Zhongmin, President of CNIS, at ISO/TC 176 Meeting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China Standardization:Could you please talk about the promotion and development of ISO 9000 family standards in China?Wang Zhongmin:China began the implementation of national standards equivalent to ISO 9000-1987 on August 1,1989.On December 2,1989,CSBTS/TC 151 was established responsible for the development,revision,promotion and implementation of national standards concerning quality management and quality assurance,coordinating with ISO/TC 176.China started the implementation of equivalent national standards in 1992,converted ISO 9000 series standards respectively in 1994,2000 and 2008,and made great efforts in promotion and implementation of those standards.

  5. 正确宣传ISO9001:2000和ISO14001认证--ISO新指南介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田武

    2004-01-01

    @@ 2003年底,ISO发布了有关正确宣传ISO9001:2000质量管理体系认证和ISO 14001环境管理体系认证的新指南,名称为"宣传你的ISO9001:2000和ISO 14001认证".该指南是为了指导组织向其受益方(包括组织的员工、顾客和商业伙伴)和公众正确宣传其认证的情况.

  6. ISO 14001 and OSHMS certifications of Fengshen Tire Co.,Ltd%以"互动共进式"实施ISO 14001和OSHMS认证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范俊

    2004-01-01

    阐述ISO 14001环境管理体系和职业安全健康管理体系(OSHMS)认证的意义及以互动共进式实施ISO14001和OSHMS的理论基础.ISO 14001和OSHMS条款一一对应,审核和认证过程基本相同.介绍风神轮胎股份有限公司以互动共进式进行ISO 14001和OSHMS认证的具体过程.

  7. Reforma constitucional y ambiente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodoro Bustamante

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available América Latina está atravesada por una ola de reformas constitucionales. Sus causas, las expectativas que ellas despiertan, los riesgos que se han asociado al proceso de lucha política en su entorno, son temas de un análisis fundamentalmente político; pero hay algunos aspectos en los cuales ese debate tiene una directa repercusión sobre el tema ambiental. En el caso del Ecuador, esto se refleja en el hecho de que una de las innovaciones que se proponen, se refieren a una nueva forma de abordar los temas ambientales, básicamente se establecen Derechos de la Naturaleza.

  8. MEIO AMBIENTE E DESENVOLVIMENTO

    OpenAIRE

    Suely Salgueiro Chacon; Daniel Rodriguez de Carvalho Pinheiro; Francisco Correia de Oliveira; Elizabeth Castelo Branco de Souza

    2009-01-01

    O objetivo deste artigo é resgatar elementos para subsidiar uma reflexão crítica sobre o modelo de desenvolvimento econômico prevalente na sociedade e as relações com o meio ambiente, sob a ameaça que ronda o destino da espécie humana, conforme afirmação de Lovelock (2006, p. 20) sobre o conceito de desenvolvimento sustentável: “uma ideia adorável se a tivéssemos aplicado 200 anos atrás, quando havia um bilhão de pessoas no mundo. Agora é tarde demais. Não há mais espaço para nenhum tipo de d...

  9. ISO(4,1) symmetry in the EFT of inflation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In DBI inflation the cubic action is a particular linear combination of the two, otherwise independent, cubic operators π-dot 3 and π-dot (∂iπ)2. We show that in the Effective Field Theory (EFT) of inflation this is a consequence of an approximate 5D Poincar and apos;e symmetry, ISO(4,1), non-linearly realized by the Goldstone π. This symmetry uniquely fixes, at lowest order in derivatives, all correlation functions in terms of the speed of sound cs. In the limit cs → 1, the ISO(4,1) symmetry reduces to the Galilean symmetry acting on π. On the other hand, we point out that the non-linear realization of SO(4,2), the isometry group of 5D AdS space, does not fix the cubic action in terms of cs

  10. Why did ISO 9001:2008 system fail to deliver?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langford, Melvyn

    2014-02-01

    This article is based on an actual investigation undertaken, and summarises the subsequent report's findings and observations. It has been anonymised for obvious reasons. In May 2013 an analysis was undertaken by a multidisciplinary team that compared an NHS Trust estates department's managerial systems against the NHS national recommendations. The conclusions stated that: 'There was a systemic failure across a large number of topics generating intolerable/substantial risks to the organisation, its staff, and patients; this despite the department's managerial systems being accredited to the International Standard ISO 9001:2008'. The natural question raised when presented with this demonstrable and auditable evidence was: 'Why did the ISO 9001:2008 system fail?' PMID:24620489

  11. Dyonic ISO(7) supergravity and the duality hierarchy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guarino, Adolfo; Varela, Oscar

    2016-02-01

    Motivated by its well defined higher dimensional origin, a detailed study of D = 4 {N}=8 supergravity with a dyonically gauged ISO(7)=SO(7)ltimes {{R}}^7 gauge group is performed. We write down the Lagrangian and describe the tensor and duality hierarchies, focusing on an interesting subsector with closed field equations and supersymmetry transformations. We then truncate the {N}=8 theory to some smaller sectors with {N}=2 and {N}=1 supersymmetry and SU(3), G2 and SO(4) bosonic symmetry. Canonical and superpotential formulations for these sectors are given, and their vacuum structure and spectra is analysed. Unlike the purely electric ISO(7) gauging, the dyonic gauging displays a rich structure of vacua, all of them AdS. We recover all previously known ones and find a new {N}=1 vacuum with SU(3) symmetry and various non-supersymmetric vacua, all of them stable within the full {N}=8 theory.

  12. The development of ISO freight containers as IP-2 packagings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Design specifications were developed for ISO freight containers to meet the requirements of the transport regulations in the 1985 Edition of IAEA SS6, and to maximize the technical and commercial benefits offered to consignors by this type of container for the transport and handling of bulk LSA/SCO materials. A range of IP-2 ISO freight containers have been designed and built to these specifications and are in use in the UK. This paper discusses the regulatory considerations which had to be reviewed and interpreted in developing freight containers as Industrial Package Type 2 (IP-2) packagings and the development of performance standards to meet the regulatory requirements. Outline details of the packages developed are indicated together with examples of handling equipment developed to facilitate loading and unloading. (J.P.N.)

  13. Quality control with R an ISO standards approach

    CERN Document Server

    Cano, Emilio L; Prieto Corcoba, Mariano

    2015-01-01

    Presenting a practitioner's guide to capabilities and best practices of quality control systems using the R programming language, this volume emphasizes accessibility and ease-of-use through detailed explanations of R code as well as standard statistical methodologies. In the interest of reaching the widest possible audience of quality-control professionals and statisticians, examples throughout are structured to simplify complex equations and data structures, and to demonstrate their applications to quality control processes, such as ISO standards. The volume balances its treatment of key aspects of quality control, statistics, and programming in R, making the text accessible to beginners and expert quality control professionals alike. Several appendices serve as useful references for ISO standards and common tasks performed while applying quality control with R.

  14. The economic repercussions of ISO 14001 environmental certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CONCEPCIÓN GARCÉS AYERBE

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is an empirical contrast on the effect that the announcement of the gaining of ISO 14001 certification by a firm has on its market value. The analysis is based on a sample of 80 observations of environmental quality certification of the shop-floor systems or processes of large Spanish companies listed on the continuous trading market of the Madrid Stock Exchange in the period from 1996-2002. Results were obtained by use of Event Study methodology and they showed that ISO 14001 certification does not represent a sufficiently clear sign of environmental proactivity to generate expectations of long-term efficiency and profits in the capital market.

  15. The Implementation of ISO 14001 Environmental Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Haslinda

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the benefits of implementing ISO 14001 Environmental Management System (EMS, employees’ responses towards the implementation of EMS, the reasons for resisting the implementation and the challenges encountered by top management in implementing EMS were explored. A questionnaire survey to 97 ISO 14001 certified manufacturing companies in the State of Selangor was conducted. The findings showed that improved corporate image is the most substantial benefit brought by implementing EMS. A majority of the respondents were optimistic and they believed the implementation of EMS was good to the company and it benefited them. The top three reasons for resisting the implementation of EMS were employee’s preference to stay at status quo, employees were haunted by the past failures in EMS and fear of the unknown. The findings also indicated three major challenges encountered by top management in the implementation of EMS are top management commitment towards the implementation, identification of environmental aspect, impact and legal compliance.

  16. ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY MODEL BASED ON ISO 14000 MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina SITNIKOV

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Worldwide corporations, as well as their stakeholders, are more conscious of the need for environmental management, SR behaviour, and sustainable growth and development. International Standards are becoming more significant for corporations to work towards common environmental management practices. ISO 14001 is the first and the broadest standard intended at a more responsible approach of corporations and the world’s most acknowledged framework for environmental management systems that assists corporations to better manage the effect of their activities on the environment. This article aims to study ISO 14001 implementation and its effects on the environmental responsibility. A model will be built, which covers the environmental management system, the components of organizational culture, being able to influence environmental standards implementation.

  17. ISO/CD 14001:200X标准的主要变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李缅英; 陶佳宁

    2003-01-01

    @@ ISO 19011《质量和/或环境管理体系审核指南》已经发布.这个标准,替代了ISO 14000系列标准中的三个: [1]《ISO 14010:1996环境审核指南通用原则》; [2]《ISO 14011:1996环境审核指南审核程序》; [3]《ISO 14012:1996环境审核指南环境审核员资格要求》.

  18. Implementing or updating ISO 9001 for small and medium-sized enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Röyttä, Juuso

    2016-01-01

    ISO 9001 standard sets the requirements for quality management system. There were one million certified companies in the world in 2014 for ISO 9001. In September 2015, ISO organization published a new revision for ISO 9001. With the new revision, companies in the world have three year transition time starting from September 2015. The objective of my thesis is find out what the small and medium-sized companies need to do to get certified for the new ISO 9001:2015 standard. To find out thi...

  19. Estrategia Ambiental Provincial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel A. Alfonso

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo que se presenta constituye la Estrategia Ambiental Provincial, elaborada por un Colectivo de Autores  formado por especialistas e investigadores de la Delegación Provincial del CITMA en Matanzas. Esta Estrategia ha sido onfeccionada según el marco de las orientaciones contenidas en la Estrategia Nacional y aborda los principales problemas medio ambientales presentados de forma jerárquica así como los instrumentos para la materialización de dicha Estrategia. El Resultado, primero de su tipo en el país, se elaboró con la aplicación de técnicas y métodos de la investigación científica, tales como: Método de Expertos, tormentas de ideas, método de los grupos nominales, método Delphi, método de votación directa o ponderada, Saaty etc. Los antecedentes principales que permitieron la obtención del Resultado fueron el Diagnóstico de la Situación Ambiental de la Provincia, las Estrategias Ambientales de las principales Empresas o Sectores de la Economía del territorio y los Diagnósticos de las Cuencas Hidrográficas. Se contó además con la colaboración de especialistas de otras instituciones provinciales tales como el Centro Provincial de Higiene y Epidemiología, Instituto de Recursos Hidráulicos, Empresa Nacional de Proyectos Agropecuarios del MINAGRI. El resultado fue constituído como política en el territorio en el mes de abril de 1998 con su aprobación por el Consejo de la Administración Provincial. 

  20. Litología y Génesis de los depósitos del Cenozoico tardío del Bajo del Durazno, provincia de La Pampa, Argentina Lithology and Genesis of Late Cenozoic Deposits of Bajo Del Durazno, La Pampa Province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana E. Mehl

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo general del presente trabajo es analizar la litología y litofacies de los depósitos sedimentarios del Cenozoico tardío aflorantes en el Bajo del Durazno (65°10'- 65°30'O y 36°33'- 36°45'S, provincia de la Pampa con la finalidad de inferir la génesis de estos sedimentos y comprender la historia geológica de la depresión. El Bajo, excavado en una planicie estructural conformada por depósitos de la Formación Cerro Azul (Mioceno tardío, forma parte de uno de los Valles Transversales del centro-este pampeano. En el sector oeste y austral se identificaron tres sistemas de elevaciones principales (I, II, III y el piso del Bajo. Los depósitos sedimentarios analizados en los sistemas de elevaciones I, II y III forman una asociación de facies fluvial constituida por gravas clasto soportadas con estratificación entrecruzada planar (litofacies Gp y estratificación tangencial (litofacies Gt, gravas macizas (litofacies Gcm, gravas matriz soportadas macizas (litofacies Gmm, arenas limosas con clastos de carbonato dispersos (litofacies Sm1 y limos arenosos macizos (litofacies Fm2. En el piso de Bajo los depósitos sedimentarios están dominados por limos arenosos macizos con estructura secundaria de fracturamiento en bloques angulares y nódulos de carbonato de calcio (litofacies Fm1, representativa de ambientes de tipo palustre. Su génesis se vincularía con procesos de decantación en áreas deprimidas y distales. Los afloramientos de esta última litofacies, situados a mayor altura topográfica, indicarían que el cuerpo de agua de tipo palustre habría tenido dimensiones variables. Los depósitos analizados apoyan sobre la Formación Cerro Azul. Tanto las sucesiones sedimentarias de las elevaciones (génesis fluvial como las del piso del Bajo (génesis palustre y la planicie estructural están cubiertas por un manto de arenas asignado al Pleistoceno tardío-Holoceno, correlacionable con la Formación Meaucó. La evolución del

  1. Changes in environmental auditing resulting from ISO 14000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanderson, J. [Nova Corp., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

    1997-12-31

    With the adoption of ISO 14000 a significant new element has been introduced into the environmental programs in the workplace. This element is the ISO management system. The management system provides a structure and process to control all aspects of the environmental program, and provide management with the information they need to set priorities and make decisions on the business`s operations. The ISO 14000 management system consists of four elements in a continuous cycle of Plan-Do-Check-Act and it acts as an umbrella process to integrate all the aspects of the company`s environmental management and control system into a cohesive program that provides management with: the information they need to make decisions, a way of verifying that the decisions are having the desired effect, and a process to continuously improve on environmental performance. A significant component of the Check element of the ISO management system cycle is the audit program. This program provides management with information on; the completeness of the environmental programs in place, the adequacy of the resources in place to manage environmental performance, the level of implementation of the environmental programs, and the degree of compliance with the company`s standards and the applicable regulations. The audit program must be managed the same as any other of the components of the environmental program and it is made up of several components, including: Audit Management Process and Resources; Conducting the Audits; Auditor Training; Audit Protocols; Audit Reporting Structure; Corrective Action Development, Reporting and Monitoring; Feedback System; Management Reporting Structure; and Program Quality Assurance. While the audit program is only one element of a complete environmental program, no program is complete without an effective audit function.

  2. Gap Analysis Comparing LLNL ISMS and ISO 14001

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doerr, T B

    2004-08-09

    A gap analysis was conducted comparing the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Integrated Safety Management System (ISMS) with the international standard ISO 14001 Environmental Management System and with Department of Energy (DOE) Order 450.1. This analysis was accomplished as part of LLNL's assessment of the impacts of adopting DOE Order 450.1 and comprises a portion of its continuous improvement efforts under ISMS.

  3. BUILDING ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM USING ISO 50001 STANDARD

    OpenAIRE

    Lokanath, Dr. M Dakshayini

    2016-01-01

    Neither energy can be created nor can be destroyed, so the main purpose of Building Energy Management Systems Software is to control the energy devices to make effective utilization of energy. All efforts are being put reduce energy consumption and decrease the carbon footprint. There are many alternative renewable energy sources to harvest naturally but currently these devices are costly for daily use. The ISO 50001 Standard has been proposed in 2001 for efficient use of energy in all commer...

  4. ISOS: A job evaluation system to implement comparable worth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Corominas

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A fair pay structure is an essential element of the personnel policy of a firm. If the pay structure is perceived as arbitrary by the members of the staff, it becomes a cause of disturbance of the labor relations. Particularly, a pay structure is unfair if it discriminates against women. Job evaluation is a traditional tool used by companies to assist in the process of determining pay structures that can be also useful to detect and combat wage discrimination, since allow determining whether two jobs are of comparable worth or not. Although there are many kinds of systems, authors agree when defining point factor methods as the most appropriate and fair job evaluation systems. However, even being well defined from a technical point of view, most existing systems give discriminatory results regarding to gender. ISOS, a new job evaluation system which is described in this paper, has been designed, with the aim to define a neutral system with regard to gender, based on present jobs characteristics, existing job evaluation systems and job description questionnaires, international experts’ knowledge and a wide body of literature on gender discrimination and its relation with job evaluation. Using ISOS can contribute to detect, combat and eliminate part of the existing wage discrimination in general and, in particular, against women. ISOS includes all aspects of the work so no characteristics are omitted. The system can be applied in any company and to evaluate any job, and offers flexibility to be adapted to the specific characteristics of an organization. ISOS can also be used to detect and combat wage discrimination. Furthermore, characteristics of present jobs, such as cross-training or flexible working time, are also included so the system can be considered innovative in a very traditional field of industrial engineering.

  5. ISO 14051: A new era for MFCA implementation and research

    OpenAIRE

    Katherine L. Christ; Roger L. Burritt

    2016-01-01

    Material flow cost accounting (MFCA) is a tool designed to encourage eco-efficiency in organizations by focusing on a reduction in use of materials and related improvements in economic performance of corporations. It provides a way to identify win–win situations where monetary and environmental performance can both be improved. But take-up by business is slow, which seems to go against the notion of strong competition driving economic performance. A recent standard, ISO 14051, has been produc...

  6. Comparative Study of Minutiae Selection Algorithms for ISO Fingerprint Templates

    OpenAIRE

    Vibert, B; Charrier, Christophe; Le Bars, Jean-Marie; Rosenberger, Christophe

    2015-01-01

    International audience We address the selection of fingerprint minutiae given a fingerprint ISO template. Minutiae selection plays a very important role when a secure element (i.e. a smart-card) is used. Because of the limited capability of computation and memory, the number of minutiae of a stored reference in the secure element is limited. We propose in this paper a comparative study of 6 minutiae selection methods including 2 methods from the literature and 1 like reference (No Selectio...

  7. Service quality in Iso-Syöte : case: Crystal

    OpenAIRE

    Vesterinen, Veinalotta

    2013-01-01

    Recent figures show that while the number of foreign tourists has been increasing the volume of domestic travellers has decreased in Northern Finland. International guests bring opportunities, thus intensifying the importance of understanding methods to attract and retain customers. The objective of the thesis is to study the holiday preferences of a certain international customer group in Iso-Syöte Ski Resort. The study was concluded in order to provide the entrepreneurs at the area wit...

  8. Cause of Effect? ISO 14001 Certification and Financial Benefits

    OpenAIRE

    Dick, Gavin P.M.; Heras‐Saizarbitoria, Iñaki; Tarí, Juan José

    2008-01-01

    The paper analyses the relationship between ISO 14001 certification and financial performance with the aim of understanding the causal influence of selection and treatment effects. The empirical data was collected from a sample of 268 certified firms and 7,232 non-certified firms in Spain between 2000 and 2005. Using a longitudinal methodology that measures the financial performance of the firms before and after certification, the paper finds the differences in performance between certified ...

  9. ISO-LWS study of pre-main sequence sources

    OpenAIRE

    Saraceno, P.; Benedettini, M.; Di Giorgio, A. M.; Giannini, T.; Nisini, B.; Lorenzetti, D.; Molinari, S; Pezzuto, S.; Spinoglio, L.; Tommasi, E.; Clegg, P. E.; Correia, J. C.; Griffin, M.J.; Kaufman, M. J.; Leeks, S. J.

    1999-01-01

    We present the results obtained with the ISO Long Wavelength Spectrometer on a sample of Pre-MS sources, where several molecular lines of CO, H2O and OH have been detected. The analysis of the CO lines indicates that gas temperatures as low as 200 K are consistent with the data. This would be in agreement with the relatively low abundance of water in the gas phase measured in most of the objects.

  10. Analysis of ISO standards applying to surveying engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Fonda, Peter

    2007-01-01

    This graduation thesis describes ISO standards that are in use in surveying engineering for establishment of primary and secondary systems and for determining permitted deviations of points of these systems. Thesis describes some examples of geodetic measuring points and measuring targets. The right way of setting up of these points is a basis for quality measurements. Thesis describes control measurements and permitted deviations to verify geometric characteristics on building sites. Thesis ...

  11. An Utilization Method Cooperating ISO drawings and Bookmarks for NDE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The inspection of weld parts are performed with various non-destructive test methods such as AUT, VT, PT, ECT, etc. The results have been published in the report booklets. Moreover, huge amount of non-destructive inspection data and reports, which are produced from the '78 Kori 1 to newly constructed power plant, are stored in the management department and DDCC of each power plant. Because the data are not classified, it takes much time to find the corresponding non-destructive test results report of a specific unit of a power plant for a particular year. In addition, it is possibility to make human error because the report is written and submitted after finding manually the non-destructive test results for the concerning weld. When there is a dispute of the results of non-destructive inspection of a particular weld, analyzes the control center, a result of the power plant and the corresponding non-destructive inspection of a particular weld of ISO drawing in many places such as control center, corresponding power plant and CRI was discussed together will be to derive the final conclusion. For discussion, the person in charge of each site, looking for ISO drawings there is a result of the weld, in the past results history report of non-destructive testing for this, by searching the results of the welding site, telephone and E-mail disadvantage of complicated procedures if necessary to the discussion together in -mail is performed I have. In this paper, we describe the contents introduced the ISO drawings and Bookmark function is trying to complement these drawbacks. By applying the present invention utilization, find the ISO drawings manually when querying the results of the non-destructive inspection of past weld, which reduces the time to grasp the content of the non-destructive test results report

  12. PROPOSALS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION AND IMPROVEMENT OF ISO 9001

    OpenAIRE

    Antero Ollila

    2012-01-01

    The ISO 9001 quality management system (QMS) includes a method of continuous improvement put in place in 1994. Through this system, audits and reviews are performed to identify, correct and prevent problems. Although the method of continuous improvement, combined with adherence to annual quality objectives, is an important part of the QMS, only a few business managers and quality professionals seem to acknowledge its significance. Whether the organization uses QMS or other improvement program...

  13. Plan de manejo ambiental del laboratorio de ingeniería química (liq) de la universidad nacional de colombia, sede bogotá

    OpenAIRE

    Chávez, Javier Gama; Lozano García, Martha; Narváez Rincón, Paulo César; Suárez Medina, Óscar Javier

    2010-01-01

    Con el fin de fortalecer el desempeño ambiental del Laboratorio de Ingeniería Química (LIQ), se formuló un Plan de Manejo Ambiental con base en los principios establecidos por la norma ISO 14001. Como primer paso, se propuso la política ambiental; posteriormente, después de una revisión inicial, se identificaron los impactos ambientales significativos relacionados con las actividades que se desarrollan en el laboratorio, los cuales corresponden a acumulación de residuos químicos peligrosos, c...

  14. ISO training program mixes lectures, hands-on exercises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Early in 1990, the Dresser-Rand Co., made the decision to upgrade its purchased material quality program and pursue ISO 9000 registration for all product divisions. A joint quality-purchasing council from all US based divisions met and developed a new strategy that included: developing and maintaining a common external audit schedule eliminating duplicate audits; development of a formal training program for auditors; implementing a rule for all divisions that called for internal and external audits to be conducted by certified auditors; implementing an aggressive internal audit program for each division preparing for ISO 9001 or 9002 registration. Development of a formal training program began with educating and training future instructors. Two people were selected who had previous audit and quality system experience. Both were sent to various seminars on ISO 9000, attended a lead assessor course, passed the examination, and became registered with the Institute of Quality Assurance (IQA) in the United Kingdom. The original course was developed by a consultant along with one future instructor. Course content used traditional auditing methodology, but included many team exercises including an actual factory audit. The paper describes the methods and contents of this training course

  15. ISO26000:国外已先行一步

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琛; 于帆; 郝琴

    2011-01-01

    2011年,ISO 26000社会责任国际标准实施应用已经历时一年,其影响辐射到世界每一个区域.为了做好ISO 26000的推广实施以及不同语种的翻译出版工作,近期,ISO 26000"后出版组织"(Post Publication Organization,以下简称"PPO")开展了有关该标准在各国实施应用情况的调查.具体调查情况如下.调查范围2011年10月,PPO在全体ISO成员国范围内开展社会责任标准实施应用调查,收到65个成员国的有效反馈意见,占ISO成员国总数的40.1%,具体国家列表见表1.

  16. ISO 14051: A new era for MFCA implementation and research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine L. Christ

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Material flow cost accounting (MFCA is a tool designed to encourage eco-efficiency in organizations by focusing on a reduction in use of materials and related improvements in economic performance of corporations. It provides a way to identify win–win situations where monetary and environmental performance can both be improved. But take-up by business is slow, which seems to go against the notion of strong competition driving economic performance. A recent standard, ISO 14051, has been produced by the International Organization for Standardization, and could bring substantial change to MFCA implementation and research. Drawing on Rogers (2003 theory of diffusion of innovation, and with a focus on the first two stages of the innovation-decision process, knowledge and persuasion, this study sought to analyze MFCA and predict how the 2011 release of ISO 14051 might be expected to influence take-up of MFCA by business, and what this might mean for future research. The analysis revealed that, when combined with ISO involvement, MFCA is well placed in terms of Rogers’ theory, with the future likely to see increased diffusion of MFCA and, as adoption rates increase, more opportunities for research in this area. Specific areas identified as a result of the analysis include: the introduction of new research methods, the need for theoretically informed research, and the potential to address new research questions previously considered impractical.

  17. On the new ISO guide on risk management terminology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aven, Terje, E-mail: terje.aven@uis.n [University of Stavanger, Stavanger (Norway)

    2011-07-15

    A new ISO guide on risk management terminology has recently been issued. The guide provides basic vocabulary for developing a common understanding of risk assessment and risk management concepts and terms among organisations and functions, and across different application areas. It provides the foundation of, for example, the ISO 31000 standard on risk management. The guide strongly influences the risk assessment and risk management field, and its quality is thus of utmost importance. In this paper a critical review of the guide is conducted. We argue that the guide fails in several ways in producing consistent and meaningful definitions of many of the key concepts covered. A main focus is placed on the risk concept, which is defined as the effect of uncertainty on objectives, but also many other definitions are looked into, including probability, vulnerability, hazard, risk identification and risk description. Examples are used to illustrate the problems and show how they can be rectified. Although the focus is on the ISO guide, the discussion is to a large extent general. The overall aim of the paper is to contribute to the further development of the area of risk assessment and risk management by strengthening its conceptual basis.

  18. Cell survival and iso-effect contours in irradiated tissues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cell population kinetic parameters derived from radiobiological experiments and analysis of clinical data can be used to compute cellular surviving fractions in irradiated tumours and normal tissues. A three-component model of cellular radiation lethality, capable of simulating irreparable lethal events, reversible or sublethal effects and tissue repopulation processes, has proved adequate for clinical purposes. On this basis, computer programs have been developed for generating iso-effect (iso-survival) functions for various fractionation intervals in several tissues and tumours; for determining surviving fractions, equivalent single doses, and probabilities of response with specified fractionation schemes; and for optimizing treatment by identifying the procedure giving the highest probability of uncomplicated cure for a given tumour type growing in a specified location. If the relevant parameters for each of the tissues traversed by the beam, the physical dose absorbed at each point of interest, and the size, number and sequence of fractional doses reaching that point are known, then a series of computations of cellular surviving fractions can be made and used to draw iso-effect contours as a supplement to the physical isodose distribution in the same region. Procedures for both physical and biological optimization of the whole treatment plan are suggested. (author)

  19. On the new ISO guide on risk management terminology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new ISO guide on risk management terminology has recently been issued. The guide provides basic vocabulary for developing a common understanding of risk assessment and risk management concepts and terms among organisations and functions, and across different application areas. It provides the foundation of, for example, the ISO 31000 standard on risk management. The guide strongly influences the risk assessment and risk management field, and its quality is thus of utmost importance. In this paper a critical review of the guide is conducted. We argue that the guide fails in several ways in producing consistent and meaningful definitions of many of the key concepts covered. A main focus is placed on the risk concept, which is defined as the effect of uncertainty on objectives, but also many other definitions are looked into, including probability, vulnerability, hazard, risk identification and risk description. Examples are used to illustrate the problems and show how they can be rectified. Although the focus is on the ISO guide, the discussion is to a large extent general. The overall aim of the paper is to contribute to the further development of the area of risk assessment and risk management by strengthening its conceptual basis.

  20. Experiences on ISO-14001 certification of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to minimize the environmental impact from developmental activities, nuclear industry has played a leading role in evolving proper and effective environmental management practices right from inception. A comprehensive radiation protection policy has been evolved for nuclear energy development. The unique design concepts of Indian Nuclear Power Plants i.e. Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs), offer certain intrinsic advantages with respect to safety both during normal operation and accident conditions. In addition, in the engineering design of nuclear power plant, safety is further enhanced considerably by providing double back-upped engineered safety systems. Recently, Nuclear Power Corporation of India [NPCIL] has taken a drive to develop and implement Environmental Management System (EMS) to all its operating stations in line with ISO-14001 standards and certification by the accredited agencies. In this respect EMS of Narora Atomic Power Station (NAPS), Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPS), Tarapur Atomic Power Station (TAPS), Madras Atomic Power Station (MAPS) and Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS 1 and 2) are certified for ISO-14001 by an accredited agency. Schedules have been worked out for the remaining atomic power stations too. The present paper is an attempt to highlight the experiences gained during the process of EMS implementation and certification as per ISO-14001 for nuclear power plants in India. (author)

  1. Evaluation of environmental aspects significance in ISO 14001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Põder, Tõnis

    2006-05-01

    The methodological framework set by standards ISO 14001 and ISO 14004 gives only general principles for environmental aspects assessment, which is regarded as one of the most critical stages of implementing environmental management system. In Estonia, about 100 organizations have been certified to the ISO 14001. Experience obtained from numerous companies has demonstrated that limited transparency and reproducibility of the assessment process serves as a common shortcoming. Despite rather complicated assessment schemes sometimes used, the evaluation procedures have been largely based on subjective judgments because of ill-defined and inadequate assessment criteria. A comparison with some similar studies in other countries indicates a general nature of observed inconsistencies. The diversity of approaches to the aspects' assessment in concept literature and to the related problems has been discussed. The general structure of basic assessment criteria, compatible with environmental impact assessment and environmental risk analysis has also been outlined. Based on this general structure, the article presents a tiered approach to help organize the assessment in a more consistent manner. PMID:16508807

  2. ISO 14649 (STEP-NC: New Standards for CNC Machining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusri Yusof

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The changing economic climate has made global manufacturing a growing reality over the last decade, forcing companies from east and west and all over the world to collaborate beyond geographic boundaries in the design, manufacture and assemble of products. The ISO10303 and ISO14649 Standards (STEP and STEP-NC have been developed to introduce interoperability into manufacturing enterprises so as to meet the challenge of responding to production on demand. The paper focuses on the use of this new standard to address the process planning and machining of turn/mill discrete components. Due to the complexity of programming these machines there is a need to model their process capability to improve the interoperable manufacturing capability in places such as turning centres. Finally a proposed computational environment for a STEP-NC compliant system for turning operations (SCSTO is described. And supported by the specification of information models and constructed using a structured methodology and object-oriented methods. SCSTO was developed to generate a Part 21 file based on machining features to support the interactive generation of process plans utilizing feature extraction. A case study component has been developed to prove the concept for using the milling and turning parts of ISO14649 to provide a turn-mill CAD/CAPP/CAM environment.

  3. Accreditation of a personal dosimetry service in Switzerland: Practical experience and transition from EN 45004 to ISO 17025

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In compliance with the Swiss legislation on radiological protection, the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) operates a dosimetry service that is approved by the Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate. In 1997, the dosimetry service was also accredited by the Swiss Federal Office of Metrology and Accreditation as an inspection body for legal personal and environmental dosimetry, according to EN 45004. The accreditation covers determination of personal dose equivalent for photon, neutron and beta radiation, and ambient dose equivalent for photon and neutron radiation, by means of thermoluminescence and solid state track detection techniques. Within this formal accreditation it was confirmed that the relevant requirements of ISO 9002 are also fulfilled. The first re-accreditation will take place in 2001 and work is going on to achieve the transition from EN 45004 to ISO 17025. Accreditation is a feasible, practicable and acceptable way to achieve harmonisation in the field of dosimetry. However, before starting on the path to formal accreditation, a careful analysis should be made, taking into consideration not only cost-benefit aspects but also national legal requirements. (author)

  4. IAEA/RCA Meeting on Harmonization of Certification of NDT Personnel Applying International Standards ISO 17024 and ISO 9712

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The above meeting was held in Colombo, Srilanka, on 15-19 August 2005, under the RCA (Regional Cooperative Agreement for Asia and Pacific Region) Project on Advanced Industrial Radiography (RAS/8/100). The objectives of the Meeting were to a)review the national certification systems for NDT, b) introduce basic requirements of ISO17024 and ISO9712, c) review and revise the national requirements for certifying bodies of participating Member States and d) identify ways for mutual recognition of NDT standards and practices of Member States with a view to achieving harmonization at the regional level. 21 participants from 14 RCA Member States and the IAEA Expert Mr. Peter Hayward of New Zealand attended the Meeting. Mr. Prinath Dias, RCA Coordinator represented the IAEA.

  5. The influence of motivations for seeking ISO 14001 certification: an empirical study of ISO 14001 certified facilities in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fryxell, Gerald E; Szeto, Agnes

    2002-07-01

    This study proposes a model linking firm motivations for seeking ISO 14001 certification to the effectiveness of three major components of an environmental management system (EMS)--environmental policy, the assessment of environmental aspect and impacts, and management review. The relationship of these EMS components with a self-reported measure of environmental performance is also examined. From a sample of 29 ISO 14001 certified facilities in Hong Kong (of 71 total certifications at the time the data was collected), it was found that motivations to enhance firm reputation are positively related to perceptions of the effectiveness of the policy statement. Motivations for reputation enhancement and cost reduction were positively related to perceptions of EMS effectiveness in assessing environmental aspects and impacts. The effectiveness of the methodology for identifying environmental aspects and impacts was also found to be positively related to improved environmental performance. PMID:12357656

  6. 从方法论的角度谈ISO27001审核%From methodology to ISO 27001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程瑜琦; 王明

    2011-01-01

    @@ 本文将从方法论的视角对ISO 27001审核应关注的内容进行探讨. 一、ISO 27001标准简介 该标准分为三个部分,分别为引言、正文和附录. 引言介绍了建立信息安全管理体系(简称ISMS)的意义和原则;描述了体系建设过程中使用的过程方法和PDCA模型;说明了ISMS与其他管理体系的兼容性.

  7. Prevalencia de los mecanismos de adaptación del paciente con enfermedad renal bajo tratamiento de hemodiálisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Jahel García Avendaño

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La enfermedad renal crónica es resultante de diversas enfermedades crónico degenerativas. El paciente con dicha enfermedad y sometido a hemodiálisis sufre muchos cambios en su estilo de vida. Es por ello que es importante evaluar la prevalencia de los mecanismos de adaptación en el paciente en los aspectos psicológico, afectivo y social. Objetivo: Identificar la prevalencia de los mecanismos adaptativos en el área de lo psicológico, afectivo y social que utiliza el paciente con insuficiencia renal crónica bajo tratamiento de hemodiálisis. Materiales y Métodos: Es un estudio descriptivo de tipo cuantitativo, se utilizó el cuestionario “Mecanismos de adaptación de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica en terapia de hemodiálisis”. Se realizó en el año 2010; y presentó un coeficiente del Alfa de Cronbach de 7.0, los datos se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva. Resultados y Discusión: El estudio arrojó una prevalencia en los mecanismos afectivos, con un 71.4% en la adaptación comprometida; los mecanismos  sociales sobresalen con un 61.9% en la adaptación compensatoria; no evidenciando porcentajes favorables en los mecanismos psicológicos. Conclusiones: La mayoría de las personas con enfermedad renal bajo tratamiento de hemodiálisis, utilizan diferentes mecanismos de adaptación a su proceso lo cual depende completamente del ambiente en el que se desarrollan y el acompañamiento familiar que reciben. Cómo citar este artículo: García DJ, Ochoa MC, Martínez NE, Gonzáles B, Sánchez M, Martínez M. Prevalencia de los mecanismos de adaptación del paciente con enfermedad renal bajo tratamiento de hemodiálisis. Rev Cuid. 2016; 7(1: 1144-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.v7i1.167

  8. Revisión ambiental inicial en la empresa gráfica Sancti-Spíritus.

    OpenAIRE

    Jesús Valentín Cuellar Díaz

    2007-01-01

    El presente trabajo se origina a partir de la necesidad de las empresas gráficas cubanas de adoptar herramientas eficaces de gestión ambiental. Con el objetivo de conocer la brecha existente entre el estado actual de la Empresa Gráfica Sancti-Spíritus y los requisitos de la ISO 14001 para la implantación de un Sistema de Gestión Ambiental (SGA); se realizaron entrevistas, inspecciones in situ, revisiones de informes de auditorías y revisiones ambientales previas. Este trabajo permitió conocer...

  9. Validating Firewalls in Mobile Ambients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielson, Flemming; Nielson, Hanne Riis; Hansen, René Rydhof; Jensen, J. G.

    The ambient calculus is a calculus of computation that allows active processes (mobile ambients) to move between sites. A firewall is said to be protective whenever it denies entry to attackers not possessing the required passwords. We devise a polynomial time algorithm for rejecting proposed...

  10. Foro Ambiental : CEDENMA, Asamblea Constituyente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Lise Naizot

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumen de la Mesa redonda: Orientaciones de la nueva Constitución ecuatoriana en materia ambiental: ¿avances o retrocesos en relación con el marco político y filosófico ambiental vigente en algunos países de la región?

  11. Role of iso-receptors in receptor-receptor interactions with a focus on dopamine iso-receptor complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agnati, Luigi F; Guidolin, Diego; Cervetto, Chiara; Borroto-Escuela, Dasiel O; Fuxe, Kjell

    2016-01-01

    Intercellular and intracellular communication processes consist of signals and recognition/decoding apparatuses of these signals. In humans, the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family represents the largest family of cell surface receptors. More than 30 years ago, it has been proposed that GPCR could form dimers or higher-order oligomers (receptor mosaics [RMs] at the plasma membrane level and receptor-receptor interactions [RRIs] have been proposed as a new integrative mechanism for chemical signals impinging on cell plasma membranes). The basic phenomena involved in RRIs are allostery and cooperativity of membrane receptors, and the present paper provides basic information concerning their relevance for the integrative functions of RMs. In this context, the possible role of iso-receptor RM is discussed (with a special focus on dopamine receptor subtypes and on some of the RMs they form with other dopamine iso-receptors), and it is proposed that two types of cooperativity, namely, homotropic and heterotropic cooperativity, could allow distinguishing two types of functionally different RMs. From a general point of view, the presence of iso-receptors and their topological organization within RMs allow the use of a reduced number of signals for the intercellular communication processes, since the target cells can recognize and decode the same signal in different ways. This theoretical aspect is further analyzed here by means of an analogy with artificial information systems. Thus, it is suggested that the 'multiplexer' and 'demultiplexer' concepts could, at least in part, model the role of RMs formed by iso-receptors in the information handling by the cell. PMID:26418645

  12. Evaluación de la política pública de consulta previa del Ministerio de Ambiente durante 2009 y 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Herrera Santoyo, Héctor Andrés

    2013-01-01

    El Estado colombiano reconoció el derecho a la consulta previa de los grupos étnicos. En consecuencia, asignó funciones al Ministerio de Ambiente para garantizar este derecho cuando va imbricado al trámite de licencias ambientales de proyectos que tienen impactos positivos o negativos en el territorio de un grupo étnico. Para esta situación, el presente trabajo de grado hace una evaluación de la política pública de consulta previa del Ministerio de Ambiente durante el periodo 2009-2010, bajo ...

  13. Invirtiendo en capital natural: un marco para integrar la sostenibilidad ambiental en las políticas de cooperación

    OpenAIRE

    González, J. A.; Montes, C.; Santos, I; Monedero, C.

    2008-01-01

    Tomando en cuenta la magnitud de la crisis ambiental que afecta al planeta y los estrechos vínculos existentes entre la conservación de los ecosistemas y la lucha contra la pobreza, cabría preguntarse por qué los temas de protección del medio ambiente continúan teniendo un peso relativo tan bajo en las agendas y prioridades de las agencias de cooperación internacional. En este artículo, se analizan las razones de este desequilibrio y se propone un marco conceptual con base socio-ecológica par...

  14. The study of Promoting ISO9001 Standard Certification in China%我国中小企业推行ISO9001标准认证探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹凤; 濮珍贞

    2015-01-01

    Influenced by the factors of international and the domestic market, small&medium-sized enterprises of our country is in a difficult period. In order to improve the competitiveness of enterprises to ensure development of small&medium-sized en-terprises, it is necessary to develop quality and implement ISO9001 standard certification. Based on the analysis of the four major advantages of the ISO9001 standard certification for enterprise, the paper summarizes the problems in implementing the ISO9001 standards in the small & medium-sized enterprises in China, and put forward the measures required for deepening the ISO9001 standards.%受国际、国内市场及中小企业自身因素影响,我国中小企业发展目前处于困难时期。为提高企业竞争力,保证生存和发展,中小企业迫切需要发展质量管理,推行ISO9001标准认证。在分析企业贯彻ISO9001标准认证优点的基础上,总结我国中小企业在推行ISO9001标准中存在的问题,并提出深入推行ISO9001标准的措施。

  15. A practical synthesis of long-chain iso-fatty acids (iso-C12–C19 and related natural products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark B. Richardson

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A gram-scale synthesis of terminally-branched iso-fatty acids (iso-C12–C19 was developed commencing with methyl undec-10-enoate (methyl undecylenate (for iso-C12–C14 or the C15 and C16 lactones pentadecanolide (for iso-C15–C17 and hexadecanolide (for iso-C18–C19. Central to the approaches outlined is the two-step construction of the terminal isopropyl group through addition of methylmagnesium bromide to the ester/lactones and selective reduction of the resulting tertiary alcohols. Thus, the C12, C17 and C18 iso-fatty acids were obtained in three steps from commercially-available starting materials, and the remaining C13–C16 and C19 iso-fatty acids were prepared by homologation or recursive dehomologations of these fatty acids or through intercepting appropriate intermediates. Highlighting the synthetic potential of the iso-fatty acids and various intermediates prepared herein, we describe the synthesis of the natural products (S-2,15-dimethylpalmitic acid, (S-2-hydroxy-15-methylpalmitic acid, and 2-oxo-14-methylpentadecane.

  16. 78 FR 67357 - New England Power Generators Association, Inc. v. ISO New England Inc.; Notice of Complaint

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission New England Power Generators Association, Inc. v. ISO New England Inc... Association, Inc. (NEPGA or Complainant) filed a complaint against ISO New England, Inc. (ISO-NE or Respondent). NEPGA alleges that the provisions of the ISO-NE Tariff that set capacity prices during...

  17. Anisotropic Ambient Volume Shading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ament, Marco; Dachsbacher, Carsten

    2016-01-01

    We present a novel method to compute anisotropic shading for direct volume rendering to improve the perception of the orientation and shape of surface-like structures. We determine the scale-aware anisotropy of a shading point by analyzing its ambient region. We sample adjacent points with similar scalar values to perform a principal component analysis by computing the eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the covariance matrix. In particular, we estimate the tangent directions, which serve as the tangent frame for anisotropic bidirectional reflectance distribution functions. Moreover, we exploit the ratio of the eigenvalues to measure the magnitude of the anisotropy at each shading point. Altogether, this allows us to model a data-driven, smooth transition from isotropic to strongly anisotropic volume shading. In this way, the shape of volumetric features can be enhanced significantly by aligning specular highlights along the principal direction of anisotropy. Our algorithm is independent of the transfer function, which allows us to compute all shading parameters once and store them with the data set. We integrated our method in a GPU-based volume renderer, which offers interactive control of the transfer function, light source positions, and viewpoint. Our results demonstrate the benefit of anisotropic shading for visualization to achieve data-driven local illumination for improved perception compared to isotropic shading. PMID:26529745

  18. IAF与ISO联合公报对认可的ISO 9001和ISO 14001认证的期望结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文权

    2010-01-01

    @@ 国际认可论坛(IAF)和国际标准化组织(ISO)近期联合发布了两个联合公报,引导公众对整个合格评定链进行关注,从而准确地理解管理体系认证带来的期望结果.联合公报分别从组织的客户和相关方角度对认可的ISO9001和ISO 14001认证的期望结果进行了简明陈述,不仅告知公众各类组织获得ISO 9001和ISO 14001认证的积极意义,同时还对管理体系认证无法承载的信息进行了首次详细说明.

  19. Preferencia Relativa Bajo Pastoreo de Varios Ecotipos de la Leguminosa Sfylosanthes spp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giraldo Valderrama Luis Alfonso

    1988-09-01

    Full Text Available Con el objeto de determinar la variabilidad en preferencia y detectar ecotipos de Stylosanthes spp. con problemas de aceptabilidad, se evaluaron 10 ecolipos de Stylosanthes guianensis mediante un ensayo bajo pastoreo tipo cafetería. Dado que la preferencia varía según características morfológicas de las plantas, se determinó el hábito de crecimiento y el grado de viscosidad al tacto de cada ecotipo de leguminosa. La aceptabilidad se midió mediante la frecuencia de veces que fue pastoreado cada ecotipo (medida por un índice de preferencia por ocho animales bovinos machos de la raza cebú, que permanecieron en las parcelas siete días, cuyas observaciones se realizaron durante siete horas por día. En general, los Stylosanthes guianensis podrían tener problemas de preferencia bajo pastoreo, dado el bajo índice de preferencias encontrado. La mayor preferencia correspondió a Stylosanthes guianensis ecotipos 1280 y 1633, entre los ecotipos restantes no existió diferencia marcada en gustosidad. El patrón de preferencia, parece estar ligado al hábito de crecimiento de la planta y a la dinámica de la disponibilidad inicial de forraje. Las pruebas de preferencia relativa de leguminosas bajo pastoreo permiten detectar ecotipos con problemas y conformar un "ranking" de leguminosas, componentes importantes en el diseño de estrategias de manejo en asociaciones gramíneas-leguminosas para la alimentación animal.

  20. NUEVOS MUTANTES DE TOMATE PARA USO INDUSTRIAL TOLERANTES A BAJOS INSUMOS HÍDRICOS

    OpenAIRE

    González, María C.; J. P. Mukandama; J. L. Fuentes; Eva Sevillano

    2007-01-01

    A partir de la irradiación de semillas de la variedad de tomate INCA 9-1 con dosis de 300 y 500 Gy de rayos gamma de 60Co y la selección en condiciones de bajos suministros de agua, fue posible identificar un grupo de mutantes de alto potencial productivo y buenas características para su empleo en la industria.

  1. Aerolíneas de bajo costo en México. Competencia modal, intermodal e intramodal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Javier Cruz Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Mediante diversos métodos se estimó el impacto que tuvo la entrada de aerolíneas de bajo costo (ABC al mercado de transporte de pasajeros en México; para ello se distingue una tipología de la competencia en modal, intramodal e intermodal. Se encontró que para todos los tipos de competencia el ingreso de las ABC resultó provechoso para los usuarios de este tipo de servicios.

  2. Late Miocene and Pliocene planktonic foraminifer biostratigraphy of the Bajo Segura Basin (eastern Betic Cordillera)

    OpenAIRE

    Corbí, Hugo; Soria, Jesús M.; Pina, José Antonio

    2010-01-01

    The planktonic foraminifers biostratigraphy is crucial in order to precise the timing of the main tectonosedimentary and palaeogeographic events through the evolution of the Bajo Segura Basin. Our results indicates that the marine stratigraphic record of the basin spans from the earliest late Miocene to the early Pliocene. For this temporal interval, all the recent, astronomically calibrated, planktonic foraminifers biozones had been documented. The oldest depositional stage in the basin is m...

  3. Malformación vascular de bajo flujo sinovial de la rodilla (hemangiolinfangioma: Reporte de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Parra B

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La malformación vascular venosa de bajo lujo se desarrolla generalmente durante la primera infancia y puede ser una causa poco frecuente de derrame recurrente de larodilla. La clínica, las pruebas de laboratorio y las radiografías suelen ser inespecíficas. Objetivo: Describir una patología infrecuente en pediatría, para enfatizar en la correcta clasificación y sospecha. Caso Clínico: Paciente de 2 años con historia de episodios de derrame articular de la rodilla derecha que requirió múltiples hospitalizaciones y tratamientos antibióticos. Exámenes de laboratorio normales. La radiografía simple de la rodilla no mostró cambios óseos. La resonancia magnética reportó malformación vascular de bajo lujo. Se realizó resección quirúrgica que evidenció lesión vascular entre las fibras musculares del vasto lateral del cuádriceps con extensión hasta la cápsula de la rodilla y disección de las fibras hasta el vasto lateral de la pierna derecha. El estudio histológico fue compatible con malformación vascular de bajo lujo. Ante el hallazgo benigno y la evolución favorable, continuó con tratamiento ambulatorio. Conclusiones: Aunque la malformación vascular de bajo lujo sinovial es una patología poco frecuente en la población pediátrica, debería considerarse la realización de un diagnóstico diferencial en pacientes con aparición repetida de hemartrosis sin historia de coagulopatía ni hemofilia.

  4. NUEVOS MUTANTES DE TOMATE PARA USO INDUSTRIAL TOLERANTES A BAJOS INSUMOS HÍDRICOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María C. González

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la irradiación de semillas de la variedad de tomate INCA 9-1 con dosis de 300 y 500 Gy de rayos gamma de 60Co y la selección en condiciones de bajos suministros de agua, fue posible identificar un grupo de mutantes de alto potencial productivo y buenas características para su empleo en la industria.

  5. Implementation of ISO guide 25 in a medical dosimetry secondary standards calibration laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Currently, there is a great deal of discussion among industry and government agencies about ISO 9000 accreditation. U.S. manufacturers with ISO 9000 accreditation are regarded more favorably by European countries. The principles behind the ISO 9000 accreditation are based on the Total Quality Management (TQM) principles that are being implemented in many U.S. industries. This paper will deal only with the calibration issue. There is a difference in the areas covered by ISO 9000 and ISO Guide 25 documents. ISO 9000, in particular ISO 9001 - ISO 9003, cover the open-quotes calibrationclose quotes of inspection, measuring and test equipment. This equipment is basically used for open-quotes factory calibrationsclose quotes to determine that equipment is performing within manufacturer specifications. ISO Guide 25 is specifically for open-quotes calibration and testing laboratories,close quotes generally laboratories that have painstaking procedures to reduce uncertainties and establish high accuracy of the transfer of calibration. The experience of the University of Wisconsin Accredited Dosimetry Calibration Laboratory in conforming to ISO Guide 25 will be outlined. The entire laboratory staff must become familiar with the process and an individual with direct authority must become the one to maintain the quality of equipment and calibrations in the role of open-quotes quality-assurance manager.close quotes

  6. Actividades Enzimáticas en Consorcios Bacterianos de Suelos Bajo Cultivo de Papa con Manejo Convencional y Bajo Pastizal Enzyme Activities in Bacterial Consortium Isolated from Soils with Potato Crop under Conventional Management and under Grassland

    OpenAIRE

    Lizeth Manuela Avellaneda-Torres; Luz Marina Melgarejo Muñoz; Carlos Eduardo Narváez Cuenca; Jimena Sánchez Nieves

    2012-01-01

    Resumen. Se evaluaron las actividades enzimáticas (ureasa, proteasa, fosfatasa ácida y alcalina, fosfodiesterasa, b-glucosidasa y arilsulfatasa) en consorcios bacterianos (Bacillus subtilis, Brevundimonas diminuta, Flavimonas oryzihabitants) de suelos bajo cultivo de papa variedad Parda Pastusa, con manejo convencional de aplicación de agroinsumos (PCA) y en suelos bajo pastizal sin aplicación de agroinsumos (PSA), en fincas de tres localidades del departamento de Cundinamarca (Tausa, Villapi...

  7. Um estudo sobre a certificação ISO 9001 no Brasil: mapeamento de motivações, benefícios e dificuldades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Maekawa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é identificar as principais motivações, benefícios e dificuldades na certificação de Sistemas de Gestão da Qualidade ISO 9001 em empresas brasileiras. Adicionalmente investigaram-se as principais práticas de gestão da qualidade que dão suporte a este tipo de certificação e qual o seu relacionamento com outros tipos de sistemas, tais como a ISO 14001 (Gestão Ambiental e a OHSAS 18001 (Gestão da Segurança e Saúde do Trabalho. A abordagem metodológica utilizada foi a pesquisa tipo survey, cuja amostra conteve 191 empresas. As principais motivações para implementação da ISO 9001 identificadas foram: possibilidade de melhoria na organização interna, maior eficiência produtiva e maior confiabilidade na marca. A resistência dos funcionários foi apontada como a maior dificuldade. Já os principais benefícios obtidos foram: melhoria da qualidade nos processos e maior conscientização dos empregados em relação à qualidade. Os resultados revelam que os programas e ferramentas da qualidade mais utilizados são: 5S, brainstorming e diagrama de Ishikawa; enquanto os menos utilizados são: o Servqual e o QFD.

  8. System accuracy of blood glucose monitoring systems: impact of use by patients and ambient conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmid, Christina; Haug, Cornelia; Heinemann, Lutz; Freckmann, Guido

    2013-10-01

    For self-monitoring of blood glucose by people with diabetes, the reliability of the measured blood glucose values is a prerequisite in order to ensure correct therapeutic decisions. Requirements for system accuracy are defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in the standard EN ISO 15197:2003. However, even a system with high analytical quality is not a guarantee for accurate and reliable measurement results. Under routine life conditions, blood glucose measurement results are affected by several factors. First, the act of performing measurements as well as the handling of the system may entail numerous possible error sources, such as traces of glucose-containing products on the fingertips, the use of deteriorated test strips, or the incorrect storage of test strips. Second, ambient and sampling conditions such as high altitude, partial pressure of oxygen, ambient temperature, and the use of alternate test sites can have an influence on measurement results. Therefore, the user-friendliness of a system and the quality of the manufacturer's labeling to reduce the risk of handling errors are also important aspects in ensuring reliable and accurate measurement results. In addition, the analytical performance of systems should be less prone to user errors and ambient conditions. Finally, people with diabetes must be aware of the information and instructions in the manufacturer's labeling and must be able to measure and interpret blood glucose results correctly. PMID:23883407

  9. Perfil cognitivo de niños con rendimientos bajos en comprensión lectora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Canet-Juric

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available La mayoría de los niños con dificultades en la comprensión lectora poseen rendimientos inferiores en un conjunto de procesos cognitivos. El objetivo del presente estudio es establecer un perfil cognitivo asociado al bajo rendimiento en comprensión lectora en relación a la habilidad de monitoreo, a la producción de inferencias, al vocabulario, a la amplitud de memoria de trabajo y a la capacidad inhibitoria, en niños hispanoparlantes. Para ello se administraron tareas correspondientes a dichos procesos en niños con altos y bajos rendimientos en comprensión lectora. Los resultados mostraron que si bien los niños con mala comprensión presentan bajos rendimientos en estas habilidades, no puede establecerse un perfil consistente ya que hay niños con problemas en comprensión que presentan normal o superior rendimiento en algunas de estas habilidades cognitivas.

  10. Europe's space telescope ISO finds water in distant places

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-04-01

    Equally striking is ISO's discovery of water vapour in the outer planets, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. As those chilly planets cannot release water from within, they probably have a supply of water coming from elsewhere in the Solar System. Since ISO went into orbit at the end of 1995, it has used its unique power of analysing infrared rays coming from the Universe to identify water vapour and water ice near dying stars and newborn stars. It has also measured the water vapour steaming from Comet Hale-Bopp. "Before ISO no instrument was capable of detecting water in so many places," comments ESA's director of science, Roger Bonnet. "To start revealing the cosmic history of the Earth's water is a big success for ESA and for the astronomers who use our unique infrared observatory. And ISO's discovery that water is commonplace in the Galaxy will encourage renewed speculation about life that may exist in the vicinity of other stars." Water amid the stars Primaeval hydrogen atoms make water by joining with oxygen atoms that are manufactured within stars, in nuclear reactions occurring towards the end of a star's life. Oxygen from defunct stars enriches the Galaxy, and abundant hydrogen is available to react with it. Although the existence of water in interstellar space is not surprising, the Earth's moist atmosphere makes life difficult for any astronomer who wishes to spot water vapour in the Universe with ground-based instruments. Observations from aircraft and balloons gave early hints of cosmic water, but thorough investigations had to wait for ISO's unhampered view from space. Three of the satellite's instruments, the Short Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS), the Long Wavelength Spectrometer (LWS) and the photometer ISOPHOT operating in spectroscopic mode, take part in the hunt for water. Last year, for example, users of both SWS and LWS reported water vapour in the vicinity of the aged star, W Hydrae, from which oxygen-rich winds blow into space. The bright infrared

  11. Soluciones en las empresas de TI mediante la aplicación de un sistema de gestión ISO 20000 parte 1 integrado a un sistema ISO 27001 e ISO 9001

    OpenAIRE

    Zubieta Guillén, José María

    2010-01-01

    En este proyecto fin de carrera se pretende exponer el beneficio en la gestión de las empresas de TI (Tecnologías de la Información) de los sistemas de gestión integrados ISO 9001 e ISO 27001 tras implantar el complemento ISO 20000 parte 1. A tal efecto se mostrará una empresa de software estándar (para los ejemplos a desarrollar se empleará una empresa encargada del desarrollo, personalización y mantenimiento de un ERP).

  12. Aspectos computacionais do ambiente IMAGUS

    OpenAIRE

    Raabe, André Luís Alice; Giraffa, Lúcia Maria Martins

    2000-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta a descrição do ambiente IMAGUS enfatizando aspectos da implementação do protótipo do ambiente. O IMAGUS permite a construção de materiais com fins pedagógicos que se utilizam de vídeos acessado via Internet. O protótipo foi desenvolvido para validar a arquitetura proposta para o ambiente. São apresentadas as soluções a nível de modelagem e a implementação do protótipo baseada na utilização da interface Java Media Framework

  13. ISO 9000 and/or Systems Engineering Capability Maturity Model?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gholston, Sampson E.

    2002-01-01

    For businesses and organizations to remain competitive today they must have processes and systems in place that will allow them to first identify customer needs and then develop products/processes that will meet or exceed the customers needs and expectations. Customer needs, once identified, are normally stated as requirements. Designers can then develop products/processes that will meet these requirements. Several functions, such as quality management and systems engineering management are used to assist product development teams in the development process. Both functions exist in all organizations and both have a similar objective, which is to ensure that developed processes will meet customer requirements. Are efforts in these organizations being duplicated? Are both functions needed by organizations? What are the similarities and differences between the functions listed above? ISO 9000 is an international standard of goods and services. It sets broad requirements for the assurance of quality and for management's involvement. It requires organizations to document the processes and to follow these documented processes. ISO 9000 gives customers assurance that the suppliers have control of the process for product development. Systems engineering can broadly be defined as a discipline that seeks to ensure that all requirements for a system are satisfied throughout the life of the system by preserving their interrelationship. The key activities of systems engineering include requirements analysis, functional analysis/allocation, design synthesis and verification, and system analysis and control. The systems engineering process, when followed properly, will lead to higher quality products, lower cost products, and shorter development cycles. The System Engineering Capability Maturity Model (SE-CMM) will allow companies to measure their system engineering capability and continuously improve those capabilities. ISO 9000 and SE-CMM seem to have a similar objective, which

  14. Arranging ISO 13606 archetypes into a knowledge base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopanitsa, Georgy

    2014-01-01

    To enable the efficient reuse of standard based medical data we propose to develop a higher level information model that will complement the archetype model of ISO 13606. This model will make use of the relationships that are specified in UML to connect medical archetypes into a knowledge base within a repository. UML connectors were analyzed for their ability to be applied in the implementation of a higher level model that will establish relationships between archetypes. An information model was developed using XML Schema notation. The model allows linking different archetypes of one repository into a knowledge base. Presently it supports several relationships and will be advanced in future. PMID:25160140

  15. ISO Mid-Infrared Observations of Abell 370

    CERN Document Server

    Metcalfe, L; Aussel, H; Biviano, A; McBreen, B; Delaney, M; Elbaz, D; Hanlon, L O; Kessler, M F; Leech, K J; Okumura, K; Schulz, B; Starck, J L; Vigroux, L

    1998-01-01

    We report on the mid-IR imaging at 7 and 10 microns of the galaxy cluster Abell 370, obtained with the ISOCAM instrument onboard ESA's Infrared Space Observatory (ISO), as part of an ongoing program to image gravitational arcs and arclets in distant clusters. We have recorded initial detections of the A0 giant arc in both bandpasses, the two central dominant galaxies at 7 microns, and several other cluster members and field galaxies. These preliminary results are indicative of the potential output of our program when more extensive observational data become available.

  16. ISO 14000 information platform. Quarterly report, January 1--March 31, 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-09-01

    GETE, through its ISO 14000 Information Platform, globeNet{trademark} (www.iso14000.net), seeks to provide FETC and the US Department of Energy (DOE) with a timely, accurate, and reliable information resource on the issue of environmental management standards. This resource allows FETC to keep track of the latest developments in the ISO 14000 arena, in DOE as well as throughout the federal complex and industry. Utilizing this information, FETC and DOE can make critical decisions on their own use and implementation of the ISO 14000 standards. The information platform also provides FETC with a forum to present information on its activities, such as the DOE ISO 14000 Pilot Projects, and as an information gathering and dissemination resource for its publications. GETE works with an array of national and international contacts and content sources to gather information and provide daily updates on ISO 14000 and related environmental management issues.

  17. ISO 9001 : 2000 and the Baldrige criteria for performance excellence - a comparison.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Willette, Gail L.; Richards, Robert Ray

    2004-06-01

    The Sandia National Laboratories Nuclear Weapons Strategic Management Unit (NWSMU) is pursuing performance excellence, by focusing on compliance with the ISO 9001:2000 standard for quality management systems. The NWSMU also intends to achieve ISO Certification and eventually reach levels of performance excellence that are consistent with those of Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award winners. In that context, this report documents a study undertaken to answer these questions: {sm_bullet} Would achieving ISO 9001:2000 compliance or certification help an organization prepare to achieve Baldrige-level performance excellence? {sm_bullet} Would pursuing Baldrige-based performance excellence help an organization achieve ISO certification? {sm_bullet} What are the areas where the Baldrige and ISO systems are most closely aligned? The study produced answers to those questions, as well as a number of comparisons and contrasts between the ISO standard and the Baldrige criteria.

  18. 浅析ISO 9000与流程管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立

    2007-01-01

    指出了ISO9000质量管理体系与业务流程管理(BPM)两者之间的关系,探讨了BPM是推动ISO9000持续改进的动力,列举了企业ISO9000与BPM结合的业务流程再造案例,说明组织在实施ISO9001标准,而未使用ISO9004指南标准时,流程管理是组织确保ISO9000质量管理体系得到持续改进的一种管理理论和方法.

  19. Cadenas de rodillos. Tendencias de desarrollo y dimensionales según normas ISO.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. E. García Domínguez

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available El artículo es una compilación de resultados derivados de un estudio del desarrollo de la transmisión por cadena de rodillos que permite brindar información relevante sobre la tendencia del mercado internacional, innovaciones recientes en las cadenas de rodillos y las diferencias dimensionales que caracterizan las series geométricas de las cadenas ISO-A e ISO-B según la norma ISO 606:2004The paper is a compilation of some results associated with the development of roller chain transmissions and outstanding information in relations with the roller chain market trend, recent innovations and dimensional differences of ISO-A and ISO-B roller chain series according to ISO Standard 606:2004.

  20. As organizações e a ISO 26000: revisão dos conceitos, dos motivadores e das barreiras de implementação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Mattos de Deus

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A ISO 26000, publicada em 2010, trata sobre o tema de Responsabilidade Social das Organizações. Esse estudo apresenta uma revisão sistemática nas bases de dados ISI Web of Science e Scopus sobre a questão: "quais são as barreiras e motivadores da adoção da ISO 26000 para as organizações?". Os artigos foram selecionados por filtros baseados em dois critérios de inclusão. Os dados foram sumarizados em uma tabela abrangendo os conceitos de ISO 26000, os motivadores e as barreiras. Os motivadores encontrados foram: globalização - competição em mercados internacionais; congruência com sistemas de gestão; reputação (imagem da empresa; relação com os funcionários e melhora do ambiente organizacional; melhora na relação com stakeholders externos; vantagem competitiva/estratégias; guia para a Responsabilidade Social Corporativa (RSC; e diminuição dos riscos do negócio. As barreiras encontradas foram: falta de alinhamento da RSC com a estratégia organizacional; comercial (nacional e internacional; falta de compreensão da ISO 26000; falta de comunicação; falta de ferramentas; falta de sensibilidade ao tema; foco no curto prazo; gestão do conhecimento; receio em não cumprir a norma; recursos financeiros. Por fim, uma agenda para estudos futuros foi elaborada.

  1. Response of radiation monitors for ambient dose equivalent, H*(10)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation monitors are used all over the world to evaluate if places with presence of ionising radiation present safe conditions for people. Radiation monitors should be tested according to international or national standards in order to be qualified for use. This work describes a methodology and procedures to evaluate the energy and angular responses of any radiation monitor for ambient dose equivalent, H*(10), according to the recommendations of ISO and IEC standards. The methodology and the procedures were applied to the Monitor Inteligente de Radiacao MIR 7026, developed by the Instituto em Engenharia Nuclear (IEN), to evaluate and to adjust its response for H*(10), characterizing it as an ambient dose equivalent meter. The tests were performed at the Laboratorio Nacional de Metrologia das Radiacoes Ionizantes (LNMRI), at Instituto de Radioprotecao e Dosimetria (IRD), and results showed that the Monitor Inteligente de Radiacao MIR 7026 can be used as an EI*(10) meter, in accordance to the IEC 60846 standard requirements. The overall estimated uncertainty for the determination of the MIR 7026 response, in all radiation qualities used in this work, was 4,5 % to a 95 % confidence limit. (author)

  2. Dopad revize ISO 9001:2008 na certifikovanou společnost

    OpenAIRE

    Andera, Tomáš

    2013-01-01

    Bachelor thesis analyses the influence of the ISO 9001:2008 revision on certified company. In theoretical part the thesis explains the origins of quality standards, its history and development until 2013. The description of particular types and parts of ISO norm and its benefits follows. Next part of the thesis deals with certain part of ISO norm. This part of the norm deals mainly with company top management. The empirical part is focused on Kone Industrial. The basic information about th...

  3. ISO and Social Standardisation: Uncomfortable compromises in Global Policy-Making

    OpenAIRE

    Peña, A.M. (A.)

    2011-01-01

    This paper intends to explore the involvement of ISO, the world’s most iconic standard-setting institution, in the field of social responsibility, leading to the publication of the ISO26000 standard in November, 2010. Through several aspects of this experience, an almost decade-long process, I will show how ISO developed a new political structure aimed specifically at creating global policy, originating one the most sophisticated frameworks in existence to consensualise "universal" sociopolit...

  4. Kontejnery ISO a manipulační prostředky na kontejnery

    OpenAIRE

    Heřman, Lukáš

    2012-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with ISO containers and handling equipment. It describes the legislative based on listed ČSN standards (coding, identification and marking, technical requirements and testing, sorting, dimensions and gross weight, manipulation and fixation, corner elements). It also mentions the construction of individual ISO containers and their loaders. Partition of individual loading and replacement mechanisms. Various kinds of series 1 ISO containers used in container terminals ...

  5. Interim Report on ISO TC 163 Working Group 3. Annual progress report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fairey, Philip [Florida Solar Energy Center, Cocoa, FL (United States)

    2009-04-02

    This reports cover the initial year efforts of the International Standards Organization (ISO) to develop international standards for rating the energy performance of buildings. The author of this report is a participant in this effort. This report summarizes the activities of the ISO Working Group charged with development of these standards and makes recommendations to the sponsors for future U.S. involvement in this ISO effort.

  6. ISO 9001 and business performance: a quantitative study in portuguese organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Alcina Portugal; Heras-Saizarbitoria, Iñaki

    2013-01-01

    The effects of ISO 9001 quality certification process inside an organization may be considered on a wide range. This article places this phenomenon under a theoretical perspective and aims to analyze the impact of ISO 9001 quality standard on business performance according to the financial information data. More specifically, the impact of ISO 9001on productivity, business value and increase on sales is viewed through an econometric model of analysis concerning a panel data of Portuguese comp...

  7. Efficiency of ISO 9001 in Portugal: a qualitative study from a holistic theoreticalperspective

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Alcina Portugal; Heras, Inaki

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse the efficiency of ISO 9001 from a holistic theoretical approach where the Contingency theory, the Institutional theory and the Resources-Based View are integrated. The study was carried out in companies of different sectors of activity in Portugal, based on a qualitative methodology (interviews). The fact of the interviews having been undertaken under an ISO 9001 structure made it easier for companies to grasp the issues under investigation. An ISO 9001...

  8. Desarrollo de habilidades de pensamiento creativo en el área de Ciencias Naturales y Educación Ambiental

    OpenAIRE

    Mónica P. Borjas; Fátima De la Peña Leyva

    2009-01-01

    En el presente artículo se presenta una estrategia pedagógica orientada a favorecer habilidades de pensamiento creativo en el contexto del área de Ciencias Naturales y Educación Ambiental. Dicha estrategia es producto de un proceso de investigación cualitativa bajo el enfoque de la investigación-acción colaborativa. La propuesta pedagógica se constituye en una herramienta orientada a estimular un pensamiento caracterizado por la apertura, flexibilidad y originalidad, contribuyendo al desar...

  9. Business Benefits, Social Responsibility and Sustainable Development in SME Trough Implementing and Combining ISO 14000 with ISO 26000

    OpenAIRE

    Ionel Bostan; Alin Emanuel Artene

    2012-01-01

    The negative effects of the global crisis can be seen on SME’s because of their size and their difficulty to access finance. SME’s need to be aware of the impact that their activities have on the environment which will turn into a great opportunity to explore the economic advantages that emerges from implementing an environmental management system. If an SME has already implemented an ISO 14001 environmental management system, the next natural step would be to turn its attention towards this ...

  10. Characterization and robust filtering of multifunctional surfaces using ISO standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Engineered surfaces containing lubrication pockets and directional surface texture can decrease wear and friction in sliding or rolling contacts. A new generation of multifunctional (MUFU) surfaces has been created by hard machining followed by robot-assisted polishing. The production method allows for a large degree of freedom in specifying surface topography defined by frequency, depth and volume of the lubricant retention valleys, as well as the amount of load bearing area and the surface roughness. The surfaces cannot readily be characterized by means of conventional roughness parameters due to the multi-process production method involved. A series of MUFU surfaces were characterized by using the ISO 13565 standard for stratified surfaces and it is shown that the standard in some cases is inadequate for the characterization of a MUFU surface. To improve the filtering of MUFU surfaces, the robust Gaussian regression filtering technique described in ISO 16610-31 is analyzed and discussed. By slight modifications it is shown how the robust Gaussian regression filter can be applied to remove the form and find a suitable reference surface for further characterization of the MUFU surfaces—even for surfaces with a moderate to small plateau region

  11. ISO Observations of Starless Bok Globules: Usually No Embedded Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clemens, D.; Byrne, A.; Yun, J.; Kane, B.

    1996-01-01

    We have used ISOCAM to search the cores of a sample of small Bok globules previously classified to be mostly starless based on analysis of IRAS data. The ISO observations at 6.75microns (LW2 filter) and 14.5microns (LW3 filter) were sufficiently deep to enable detection of any low-mass hydrogen burning star or young stellar object (YSO) embedded in these globules. Of the 20 Bok globules observed by ISOCAM to date, we have reduced the data for 14. Of these, 13 show no evidence for faint red (S(sub v)(LW3) greater than S(sub v)(LW2)) stars missed by IRAS. One (CB68) does show the first mid-infrared detection of the very cool IRAS source toward this cloud, and may be a Class I or 0 YSO. We conclude, based on these new ISO observations, that Bok globules which have no IRAS sources are in general bona fide starless molecular clouds.

  12. IMPLEMENTASI MANAJEMEN MUTU ISO 9001: 2000 PADA SMKN 1 KALASAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamiatun Jamiatun

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan  implementasi manajemen mutu  ISO 9001: 2000 pada mutu kinerja sekolah yang meliputi komponen input, proses, dan produk serta partisipasi orang tua siswa dalam pelaksanaan program-program sekolah di SMKN 1 Kalasan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian studi kasus dengan subjek penelitian  seluruh guru, karyawan, siswa dan orang tua siswa SMKN 1 Kalasan. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah guru dan karyawan SMKN 1 Kalasan yang telah mengabdi kurang lebih tiga tahun yang terdiri atas 84 guru dan 29 karyawan, dan orang tua/wali dan siswa yang duduk di kelas XII saat penelitian berlangsung terdiri atas 175 orang tua dan 312 siswa. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah deskriptif. Data dikumpulkan melalui  kuesioner, wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan penilaian guru, karyawan, orang tua dan siswa terhadap mutu kinerja komponen input di SMKN 1 Kalasan sangat baik (63,19%, komponen proses sudah baik (50,35%, komponen produk sangat baik (73,61% dan partisipasi orang tua sangat baik (61,14%. Berdasarkan hasil ini, peneliti menyarankan bagi pihak SMKN 1 Kalasan untuk tetap melakukan perbaikan dalam implementasi Sistem Manajemen Mutu ISO 9001: 2000 agar mutu kinerja sekolah dapat ditingkatkan.

  13. ISO26000:远虑与近忧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周莉; 李向华

    2011-01-01

    在社会责任发展过程中,特别是二十一世纪以来,全球不同地区、不同层面、不同形式的组织和团体不断增强和丰富对社会责任的认识,积极参与实践,共同推动了社会责任在全球的广泛发展.国际标准化组织(ISO)历时6年多,于2010年11月正式发布ISO 26000《社会责任指南》国际标准,这一标准的发布,是ISO将标准制定视角从传统的工程技术领域转向国际社会政治经济和伦理道德领域的里程碑性标准,体现了全球社会责任的共识,是社会责任发展史上的里程碑,也是社会责任发展的新起点.

  14. Dyonic ISO(7) supergravity and the duality hierarchy

    CERN Document Server

    Guarino, Adolfo

    2015-01-01

    Motivated by its well defined higher dimensional origin, a detailed study of $D=4$ $\\mathcal{N}=8$ supergravity with a dyonically gauged $\\textrm{ISO}(7) = \\textrm{SO}(7) \\ltimes \\mathbb{R}^7$ gauge group is performed. We write down the Lagrangian and describe the tensor and duality hierarchies, focusing on an interesting subsector with closed field equations and supersymmetry transformations. We then truncate the $\\mathcal{N}=8$ theory to some smaller sectors with $\\mathcal{N}=2$ and $\\mathcal{N}=1$ supersymmetry and SU(3), $\\textrm{G}_2$ and SO(4) bosonic symmetry. Canonical and superpotential formulations for these sectors are given, and their vacuum structure and spectra is analysed. Unlike the purely electric ISO(7) gauging, the dyonic gauging displays a rich structure of vacua, all of them AdS. We recover all previously known ones and find a new $\\mathcal{N}=1$ vacuum with SU(3) symmetry and various non-supersymmetric vacua, all of them stable within the full $\\mathcal{N}=8$ theory.

  15. The Unidentified InfraRed Features after ISO

    CERN Document Server

    Peeters, E; Hudgins, D M; Hony, S; Tielens, A G G M

    2003-01-01

    The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) has provided the first complete mid-IR spectra for a wide range of objects. Almost all of these spectra are dominated by the well-known infrared emission features at 3.3, 6.2, 7.7, and 11.2 $\\mu$m, the so-called Unidentified Infra-Red (UIR) features. Besides the major features, there is an array of minor features and broad plateaux stretching from 3 to 20 $\\mu$m which reveal subtle details of conditions in the emission zones and properties of the carriers. Generally attributed to the vibrational relaxation of UV-pumped Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon molecules (PAHs) containing some 50--100 C-atoms, these UIR spectra are a treasure trove of information. The ISO spectra have, for the first time, allowed a systematic analysis of the spectral characteristics of the UIR features in a wide variety of environments. The peak positions, profiles, and relative strengths of the major features vary from source to source and spatially within sources. These specific profiles are not un...

  16. The lean oxidation of iso-octane at elevated pressures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, J S; Curran, H J; Litzinger, T A

    1998-10-30

    Both spark-ignition and compression-ignition engines burn large molecular-weight blended fuels, a class to which the primary reference fuels (PRF), n-heptane and iso-octane belong. In this study experiments were performed using iso-octane in a high pressure flow reactor at a temperature of 925 K, at 3, 6 and 9 atm pressure and with a fuel/air equivalence ratio of approximately 0.05. Many hydrocarbon and oxygenated hydrocarbon intermediates were identified and quantified as a function of time. These experimental results provide a strin- gent test of the low temperature chemistry portion of a kinetic model as they emphasise the importance of alkyl radical addition to molecular oxygen and internal H-atom isomerization reactions relative to alkyl radical decomposition reactions. A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism is used to simulate these experiments. We provide comparisons of model predictions with experimentally measured species profiles and describe how each species is formed as predicted by the detailed model.

  17. ISO9001标准新出小企业版

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    《小企业实施ISO9001标准》(ISO9001 for Small Businesses What to do:Advice from ISO/TC176)手册的最新版由ISO与ITC(the International Trade Centre)联合出版。这本ISO9001实施手册的新版本围绕着ISO9001标准2008版,对小企业实施质量管理体系的各个方面做了最新的解释。

  18. Energy management systems in the practice. ISO 50001. A guideline for companies and institutions; Energiemanagementsysteme in der Praxis. ISO 50001. Leitfaden fuer Unternehmen und Organisationen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohlenborn, Walter; Kabisch, Sibylle; Klein, Johanna; Richter, Ina; Schuermann, Silas

    2012-06-15

    The guideline under consideration is an updated version of the guideline to the regulation EN 16001 and amended to ISO 50001. This contribution supports institutes in the implementation of an energy management system according to ISO 50001. The differences and commonalities to the European environment management system EMAS as well as to the regulation ISO 14001 are described. EMAS certified companies fulfil regularly all conditions of an energy management system. A practised energy management system is an excellent platform for the implementation of EMAS.

  19. ISO 14001推进生态城市建设%Discussion on Eco-city Construction Powered by ISO 14001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡歆

    2003-01-01

    文章针对生态城市的建设问题,提出将在城市范围内按照国际标准ISO 14001建立环境管理体系作为生态城市建设手段的观点,并分析了ISO 14001与生态城市思路的一致性以及在生态城市建设中ISO 14001能够发挥的作用.

  20. Condiciones de trabajo materno y bajo peso al nacer en la Ciudad de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PRUDENCIA CERÓN-MIRELES

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estudiar la asociación entre condiciones de trabajo materno y bajo peso al nacer en la Ciudad de México. Material y métodos. Se encuestaron 2 623 trabajadoras que atendieron sus partos en tres grandes hospitales de la Ciudad de México en 1992. Se obtuvo información sobre los principales factores biológicos y sociales que se asocian al bajo peso al nacer; asimismo, se determinó el estrés ocupacional utilizando el instrumento desarrollado por Karasek. Se utilizaron modelos de regresión logística para evaluar la relación de las condiciones de trabajo con el bajo peso al nacer, controlando por variables confusoras. Resultados. El bajo peso al nacer fue más alto en trabajadoras con jornadas mayores a 50 horas semanales (RM= 1.6; IC= 1.17, 2.28 y con conflictos laborales (RM= 1.5; IC= 1.0, 2.25. La falta de apoyo social tangible fue identificado como un factor de riesgo de bajo peso al nacer (RM= 1.7; IC= 1.20, 2.33. Las medidas preventivas laborales como el cambio de tareas, disminución de la jornada y las salidas por enfermedad no mostraron un efecto benéfico en el peso al nacer, a excepción de la licencia de maternidad; las madres que no la tuvieron mostraron una probabilidad 2.2 veces mayor para bajo peso al nacer (IC= 1.66, 2.93. Conclusiones. Estos hallazgos resaltan la importancia de identificar los factores de riesgo ocupacional en el embarazo..Objective. To study the association between maternal working conditions and low birth-weight in Mexico City. Material and methods. Interviews of 2 623 workers who gave birth in Mexico City hospitals during 1992 were analyzed. Information on the main biologic and social factors associated to low birth-weight was registered. Occupational stress was determined with the instrument designed by Karasek. Logistic regression models to evaluate the relationship between working conditions and low birth-weight were used, controlling by confounding variables. Results. Low birth-weight was