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Sample records for alloy-l-605

  1. Hemocompatibility Improvement of Chromium-Bearing Bare-Metal Stent Platform After Magnetoelectropolishing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rokicki, Ryszard; Haider, Waseem; Maffi, Shivani Kaushal

    2015-01-01

    Research was undertaken to determine the influence of the increased content of chromium in the outermost passive layer of magneto-electrochemically refined Co-Cr alloy L-605 surface on its hemocompatibility. The chemistry, roughness, surface energy, and wettability of conventionally electropolished (EP) and magnetoelectropolished (MEP) samples were studied with x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), open circuit potential, atomic force microscopy, and contact angle meter. In vitro hemocompatibility of tested material surfaces was assessed using two important indicators of vascular responses to biomaterial, namely endothelialization and platelets adhesion. The endothelialization was assessed by seeding and incubating samples with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) for 3 days before counting and observing them under a fluorescent microscope. The platelet (rich plasma blood) adhesion and activation test on EP and MEP L-605 alloy surfaces was assessed using a laser scanning confocal microscope. The XPS analysis of MEP samples showed significant enrichment of the passive layer with Cr and O when compared with the EP one. The amount of other elements in the passive layer did not show a significant difference between EP and MEP treatments. The adhesion of HUVEC cells shows remarkable affinity to surfaces enriched in Cr (MEP) with almost 100% confluency. In addition, the number of platelets that adhered to standard EP surfaces was higher compared to the MEP surface. The present study shows that the chromium-enriched surface of cobalt-chromium alloy L-605 by the magnetoelectropolishing process tremendously improves surface hemocompatibility with regard to stent functionality by enhanced endothelialization and lower platelet adhesion and should be taken under consideration as an alternative surface of biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents, polymer-free drug-eluting stents as well as bare-metal stents.

  2. Observation and simulation of motion and deformation for impact-loaded metal cylinders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, R. J.; Wise, J. L.; Smith, J. A.; Mersch, J. P.; Robino, C. V.; Arguello, J. G.

    2017-01-01

    Complementary gas-gun experiments and computational simulations have examined the time-resolved motion and post-mortem deformation of cylindrical metal samples subjected to impact loading. The effect of propagation distance on a compressive waveform generated in a sample by planar impact at one end was determined using a velocity interferometer to track the longitudinal motion at the center of the opposing rear (i.e., free) surface. Samples (25.4-mm diameter) were fabricated from aluminum (types 6061 and 7075), copper (OFHC = oxygen free, high conductivity), stainless steel (type 316), and cobalt alloy L-605 (AMS 5759; also referenced as Haynes®25 alloy). For each material, waveforms obtained for a 25.4-mm long cylinder corresponded to two-dimensional strain at the measurement point. The wave-profile data have been analyzed to (i) establish key dynamic material modeling parameters, (ii) assess the functionality of the Sierra Solid Mechanics-Presto (Sierra/SM) code, and (iii) identify the need for additional testing, material modeling, and/or code development. The results of subsequent simulations have been compared to benchmark recovery experiments that showed the residual plastic deformation incurred by cylinders following end, side, and corner impacts.

  3. Microstructure and Deformation of Coronary Stents from CoCr-Alloys with Different Designs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Weiss

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Coronary heart disease is still one of the most common sources for death in western industrial countries. Since 1986, a metal vessel scaffold (stent has been inserted to prevent the vessel wall from collapsing. Most of these coronary stents are made from CrNiMo­steel (316L. Due to its austenitic structure, the material shows a good combination of strength, ductility, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility. However, this material has some disadvantages like its non-MRI compatibility and its poor fluoroscopic visibility. Other typically used materials are the Co­Base alloys L-605 and F-562 which are MRI compatible as well as radiopaque. Another interesting fact is their excellent radial strength and therefore the ability to produce extra thin struts with increased strength. However, because of a strut diameter much less than 100 μm, the cross section consists of about 5 to 10 crystal grains (oligo­crystalline. Thus, very few or even just one grain can be responsible for the success or failure of the whole stent. To investigate the relation between microstructure, mechanical factors and stent design, commercially available Cobalt-Chromium stents were investigated with focus on distinct inhomogeneous plastic deformation due to crimping and dilation. A characteristic, material related deformation behavior with predominantly primary slip was identified to be responsible for the special properties of CoCr stents.

  4. MRI-compatible Nb-60Ta-2Zr alloy used for vascular stents: haemocompatibility and its correlation with protein adsorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiu-Mei; Li, Hui-Zhe; Wang, Shao-Ping; Huang, Hsun-Miao; Huang, Her-Hsiung; Ai, Hong-Jun; Xu, Jian

    2014-09-01

    Nb-60Ta-2Zr is a newly developed MRI-compatible alloy used for vascular stents. In this work, its haemocompatibility was investigated, including platelet adhesion (lactate dehydrogenase activity), platelet activation (P-selectin expression), coagulation and haemolysis. For comparison, parallel assessments for these factors were performed for the niobium, tantalum, 316L stainless steel (316L SS) and L605 Co-Cr alloy (L605). In addition, albumin and fibrinogen were selected to examine the correlation of protein adsorption with platelet adhesion and metal surface properties. The propensity for platelet adhesion and activation on the Nb-60Ta-2Zr alloy was at nearly the same level as that for Nb and Ta but was slightly less than those of 316L SS and L605. The mitigated platelet adhesion and activation of the Nb-60Ta-2Zr alloy is associated with its decreased adsorption of fibrinogen. The Nb-60Ta-2Zr alloy has a longer clotting time and exhibits significantly superior thromboresistance than 316L SS and L605. Moreover, the haemolysis rate of the Nb-60Ta-2Zr alloy satisfies the bio-safety requirement of the ISO 10993-4 standard. The favourable haemocompatiblity of the Nb-60Ta-2Zr alloy provides evidence of its good biocompatibility and of its suitability as a candidate stent material.

  5. Observation and Simulation of Motion and Deformation for Impact-Loaded Metal Cylinders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickman, R. J.; Wise, J. L.; Smith, J. A.; Mersch, J. P.; Robino, C. V.; Arguello, J. G.

    2015-06-01

    Complementary gas-gun experiments and computational simulations have examined the time-resolved motion and post-mortem deformation of cylindrical metal samples subjected to impact loading. The effect of propagation distance on a compressive waveform generated in a sample by planar impact at one end was determined using a velocity interferometer to track the longitudinal motion of the opposing rear (i.e., free) surface. Samples (24 or 25.4-mm diameter) were fabricated from aluminum (types 6061 and 7075), copper, stainless steel (type 316), and cobalt alloy L-605 (AMS 5759). For each material, waveforms obtained for a short (2 mm) and a long (25.4 mm) cylinder corresponded, respectively, to one-dimensional (i.e., uniaxial) and two-dimensional strain at the measurement point. The wave-profile data have been analyzed to (i) establish key dynamic material modeling parameters, (ii) assess the functionality of the Sierra Solid Mechanics-Presto (SierraSM/Presto) code, and (iii) identify the need for additional testing, material modeling, and/or code development. The results of subsequent simulations have been compared to benchmark recovery experiments that showed the residual plastic deformation incurred by cylinders following end, side, and corner impacts. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  6. MRI-compatible Nb–60Ta–2Zr alloy used for vascular stents: Haemocompatibility and its correlation with protein adsorption

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Xiu-Mei [School of Stomatology, China Medical University, 117 Nanjing North Street, Shenyang 110002 (China); Li, Hui-Zhe; Wang, Shao-Ping [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); Huang, Hsun-Miao; Huang, Her-Hsiung [Biomaterials and Electrochemistry Lab, Department of Dentistry, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City 112, Taiwan (China); Ai, Hong-Jun, E-mail: aih0620@yahoo.com.cn [School of Stomatology, China Medical University, 117 Nanjing North Street, Shenyang 110002 (China); Xu, Jian, E-mail: jianxu@imr.ac.cn [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China)

    2014-09-01

    Nb–60Ta–2Zr is a newly developed MRI-compatible alloy used for vascular stents. In this work, its haemocompatibility was investigated, including platelet adhesion (lactate dehydrogenase activity), platelet activation (P-selectin expression), coagulation and haemolysis. For comparison, parallel assessments for these factors were performed for the niobium, tantalum, 316L stainless steel (316L SS) and L605 Co–Cr alloy (L605). In addition, albumin and fibrinogen were selected to examine the correlation of protein adsorption with platelet adhesion and metal surface properties. The propensity for platelet adhesion and activation on the Nb–60Ta–2Zr alloy was at nearly the same level as that for Nb and Ta but was slightly less than those of 316L SS and L605. The mitigated platelet adhesion and activation of the Nb–60Ta–2Zr alloy is associated with its decreased adsorption of fibrinogen. The Nb–60Ta–2Zr alloy has a longer clotting time and exhibits significantly superior thromboresistance than 316L SS and L605. Moreover, the haemolysis rate of the Nb–60Ta–2Zr alloy satisfies the bio-safety requirement of the ISO 10993–4 standard. The favourable haemocompatiblity of the Nb–60Ta–2Zr alloy provides evidence of its good biocompatibility and of its suitability as a candidate stent material. - Highlights: • The Nb–60Ta–2Zr alloy is less hydrophobic than the 316L SS and L605 alloy. • The Nb–60Ta–2Zr has slightly weak propensity for platelet adhesion and activation. • The Nb–60Ta–2Zr alloy results in a longer clotting time. • Haemolysis of Nb–60Ta–2Zr is slightly lower than that of 316L SS and L605. • The Nb–60Ta–2Zr alloy is a promising MRI-compatible stent material.

  7. The use of cold sprayed alloys for metallic stents

    Science.gov (United States)

    AL-Mangour, Bandar

    With the invention of the coronary stent, which is a wire metal mesh tube designed to keep the arteries open in the treatment of heart diseases, promising clinical outcomes were generated. However, the long term successes of stents have been delayed by significant in-stent restenosis (blockages) and stent fracture. In this research work, it has been proposed to use Cold Gas Dynamic Spraying (CGDS) coating material as an alternative choice to manufacture metallic stent. In CGDS, fine particles are accelerated to a high velocity and undergo solid-state plastic deformation upon impact on the substrate, which leads to particle-particle bonding. The feature of CGDS distinct from other thermal spray techniques is that the processing gas temperature is below the melting point of the feedstock. Therefore, unwanted effects of high temperatures, such as oxidation, grain growth and thermal stresses, are absent. In response to the fact that the majority of stents are made from stainless steel (316L) or Co-Cr alloy (L605), this study specifically addresses the development and characterization of 316L and 316L mixed with L605 coatings produced by the CGDS process. Scanning electron microscopy and electron backscatter diffraction were used to investigate the microstructural changes of these coatings before and after annealing. The effect of gas type on the microstructure of 316L coatings and the role of post-heat treatment in the microstructure and properties are also studied. Of particular interest are grain refinement, heat treatment, mechanical properties and corrosion behavior of the cold sprayed material.