WorldWideScience

Sample records for alegre rs brazil

  1. Injury risk prediction for traffic accidents in Porto Alegre/RS, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Perone, Christian S.

    2015-01-01

    This study describes the experimental application of Machine Learning techniques to build prediction models that can assess the injury risk associated with traffic accidents. This work uses an freely available data set of traffic accident records that took place in the city of Porto Alegre/RS (Brazil) during the year of 2013. This study also provides an analysis of the most important attributes of a traffic accident that could produce an outcome of injury to the people involved in the accident.

  2. Presence of p-synephrine in teas commercialized in Porto Alegre (RS/Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Dutra Arbo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Citrus aurantium (bitter orange is characterized by the presence of p-synephrine, an amine structurally and pharmacologically related to ephedrine. Besides the same adverse effects as ephedrine, nowadays it is believed that altered levels of p-synephrine can be associated to the occurrence of migraine and cluster headaches. Leaves and fruits of this species are highly commercialized in form of teas and herbal preparations, but without taking into account the risks associated with its use. This work describes a survey of teas and herbal preparations containing C. aurantium, commercialized in Porto Alegre (RS/Brazil, in order to verify the presence of p-synephrine. Comparing with the mean amount available in the supermarkets, around 20% of the teas and 10% of the herbal preparations declared the presence of C. aurantium in their labels. In a sampling of 15 teas and 2 herbal preparations selected for the analysis, the presence of p-synephrine was characterized in all samples, with levels between 0.0040 to 0.2308%, leading to a caution that even being natural products, they are not free of adverse effects.Citrus aurantium (laranjeira-azeda é caracterizada pela presença de p-sinefrina, amina estrutural e farmacologicamente similar à efedrina. Além de poder causar efeitos adversos similares aos da efedrina, atualmente acredita-se que níveis endógenos alterados de p-sinefrina possam estar associados à causa da enxaqueca. Folhas e frutos desta espécie são largamente comercializados na forma de chá e em preparados de erva-mate, sem que sejam considerados os riscos associados ao seu uso. Neste sentido, este trabalho descreve uma pesquisa em chás e preparados de erva-mate comercializados em Porto Alegre, para verificar a presença de C. aurantium e p-sinefrina. Comparando com a quantidade média disponível nas prateleiras dos supermercados, cerca de 20% dos chás e 10% dos preparados de erva-mate declaravam nos rótulos conter C. aurantium. De

  3. City and School: the Visible Construction of the Fernando Gomes Elementary School in Porto Alegre/RS - Brazil (1913-1935

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiane De Freitas Ermel

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the context of studies about space and school architecture, this article analyses the visual construction of the Fernando Gomes Elementary School, which was located in downtown Porto Alegre/RS, Brazil between 1913 and 1935. Designed by the engineer Afonso Hébert, head of the Department of Public Works in the State of Rio Grande do Sul/RS, the building was completed in 1922. In addition to functional elements, i.e., a large number of classrooms that would serve to increase the access of children to primary school, its monumental proportions incorporated a series of symbolic elements aligned with the ideals of the First Brazilian Republic (1889–1930. The documentary analysis was performed on the archives of the Directorship of Public Education and the Directorship of Public Works of Rio Grande do Sul, as well as various iconographic sources, capital improvement plans and periodicals of the time. The construction of the school inaugurated a new conception of the space and architecture of public elementary schools in the State, as the visible improvement and sanitation of the cities were considered of great importance in the period. The construction of school buildings was also one of the greatest advertising tools of the new Republican political regime.

  4. Antimicrobial susceptibility among Enterococcus isolates from the city of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil Sensibilidade aos antimicrobianos entre amostras de Enterococcus isolados na cidade de Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Alves d'Azevedo

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Resistance to several classes of antimicrobial agents is a remarkable characteristic of enterococcal strains increasingly reported worldwide. Information about strains isolated in the southern region of Brazil is still limited. In this study, a total of 455 consecutive enterococcal isolates recovered from patients living in Porto Alegre, Brazil, were identified at species level and evaluated for their antimicrobial susceptibilities by agar diffusion testing. The most frequent species was E. faecalis (92.8%, followed by E. faecium (2.9%, E. gallinarum (1.5%, E. avium (1.1%, E. hirae (0.7%, E. casseliflavus (0.4%, E. durans (0.4%, and E. raffinosus (0.2%. According to the results of disk tests 62.0% of the strains were resistant to tetracycline, 42.6% to erythromycin, 24.8% to chloramphenicol, 22.6% to ciprofloxacin, 22.0% to norfloxacin, 3.5% to ampicillin, 3.5% to nitrofurantoin. High level resistance to aminoglycosides was found in 37.8% of the isolates, with 23.5% being resistant to gentamicin, 14.3% to streptomycin, and 2.8% to both gentamicin and streptomycin. No vancomycin resistant or b-lactamase producing isolates were found. The results indicate that a significant percentage of isolates are resistant to different antimicrobials, pointing out the need for control strategies to avoid dissemination of resistant isolates and for continuous surveillance for the detection of emerging resistance traits.A resistência a várias classes de agentes antimicrobianos é uma característica marcante dos enterococos observada em diferentes regiões geográficas. Informações sobre amostras isoladas na região sul do Brasil ainda são limitadas. No presente estudo, 455 enterococos isolados consecutivamente de pacientes moradores na cidade de Porto Alegre, Brasil, foram identificados ao nível de espécie e testados em relação a sua sensibilidade aos antimicrobianos através de testes de difusão em agar. As espécies mais freqüentes foram E

  5. Photochemical Pollution Modeling of Ozone at Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre - RS/Brazil using WRF/Chem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuchiara, G. C.; Carvalho, J.

    2013-05-01

    One of the main problems related to air pollution in urban areas is caused by photochemical oxidants, particularly troposphere ozone (O3), which is considered a harmful substance. The O3 precursors (carbon monoxide CO, nitrogen oxides NOx and hydrocarbons HCs) are predominantly of anthropogenic origin in these areas, and vehicles are the main emission sources. Due to the increased urbanization and industrial development in recent decades, air pollutant emissions have increased likewise, mainly by mobile sources in the highly urbanized and developed areas, such as the Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre-RS (MAPA). According to legal regulations implemented in Brazil in 2005, which aimed at increasing the fraction of biofuels in the national energy matrix, 2% biodiesel were supposed to be added to the fuel mixture within three years, and up to 5% after eight years of implementation of these regulations. Our work performs an analysis of surface concentrations for O3, NOx, CO, and HCs through numerical simulations with WRF/Chem (Weather Research and Forecasting model with Chemistry). The model is validated against observational data obtained from the local urban air quality network for the period from January 5 to 9, 2009 (96 hours). One part of the study focused on the comparison of simulated meteorological variables, to observational data from two stations in MAPA. The results showed that the model simulates well the diurnal evolution of pressure and temperature at the surface, but is much less accurate for wind speed. Another part included the evaluation of model results of WRF/Chem for O3 versus observed data at air quality stations Esteio and Porto Alegre. Comparisons between simulated and observed O3 revealed that the model simulates well the evolution of the observed values, but on many occasions the model did not reproduce well the maximum and minimum concentrations. Finally, a preliminary quantitative sensitivity study on the impact of biofuel on the

  6. CHARACTERIZATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF FLOODPLAIN SOILS IN THE PORTO ALEGRE METROPOLITAN REGION, RS, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís de França da Silva Neto

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTIn the Porto Alegre metropolitan region (PAMR there are a significant proportion of floodplain soils, mainly Planosols and Gleysols, in relation to upland soils. This study aimed to evaluate the morphological, chemical and physical characteristics, and to classify floodplain soils in the PAMR. Six soil profiles were evaluated under different sedimentary lithologies and drainage classes, and samples were collected for chemical and physical analyzes. Two orders of mineral soils (Planosols and Gleysols and one order of organic soil (Organosols were identified. The soils were moderately deep to deep and stratified. In mineral soils hue ranged between 7.5YR and 2.5Y, with the occurrence of Bg, Btg or Cg gley horizons, while in organic soil the colors were neutral. Sand and silt were the predominant particle sizes according to the origin sedimentary deposits. The organic carbon content was negatively related to soil density and positively related to soil specific surface area and with soil cation exchange capacity. Soil chemical characterization showed expressive variation in bases, aluminum and sodium saturation. Ki index and Fe(CBD/Fe(H2SO4 ratio indicated a low soil weathering degree. The different sedimentary lithologies and the soil hydromorphism degree were the main factors related to differences in morphological, physical and chemical characteristics of soils in the PAMR.

  7. Detecção de anticorpos para Toxoplasma gondii em soro de suínos criados e abatidos em frigoríficos da região da grande Porto Alegre-RS, Brasil Detection of antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii in sera from swine bred and slaughtered in the great Porto Alegre-RS abbattoirs, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Germani Fialho

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho, objetivou-se contribuir com dados sobre a freqüência de sororeagentes para Toxoplasma gondii em suínos criados e abatidos na Região da Grande Porto Alegre e fornecer subsídios sobre a importância da transmissão deste protozoário, por suínos. Foram coletadas amostras de 240 suínos em frigoríficos da região. A freqüência de anticorpos anti- Toxoplasma gondii, determinada através da técnica de hemaglutinação indireta, foi de 20 % de soros iguais ou superiores a diluição 1:64. Na técnica de imunofluorescência indireta, foram encontrados 33,75% de soro com diluição iguais a 1:16 ou superiores.This report objectived to contribuite with data about the antibodies occurence of Toxoplasma gondii in swine bred and slaughtered in the area of Great Porto Alegre- RS, Brazil. The data should supply with subsidies on the importance of this protozoan transmission through swines. Samples were taken from 240 swines at slaughterhouses in that region. The frequency of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies, determinanet through the indirect hemagglutination technic was of 20% of serum equal or superior to 1:64 dilution. In the indirect immunofluorescence technic was found 33.75% in serum with a diluition equal to 1:16 or superior.

  8. Caracterização do consumidor de carne de frango da cidade de Porto Alegre Characterization of the chicken meat consumer of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dione Carina Francisco

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available A preocupação com a segurança alimentar tem mudado a forma como os consumidores vêem os produtos cárneos, fazendo com que busquem informações sobre os alimentos que consomem. Neste sentido, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo caracterizar o consumidor porto-alegrense de carne de frango. Foram entrevistados 393 consumidores durante o período de abril a julho de 2004. Os resultados demonstram que a carne de frango é a segunda carne preferida dos consumidores e que os cortes e empanados de frango são os produtos mais consumidos. Os consumidores acreditam que a gripe do frango e a salmonelose são as principais doenças veiculadas por esta carne.The concern with the alimentary security has changed the form as the consumers see the meaty products; searching information on the foods that consume. In this direction, this research was aimed at characterizing the chicken meat consumer of Porto Alegre, Brazil. They had been interviewed 393 consumers during the period of April the July of 2004. The results demonstrate that the chicken meat is the second preferred meat of the consumers, and that the empanados cuts and of chicken are the most consumed products. The consumers believe that the bird flu and salmonelose are the main illnesses propagated by this meat.

  9. Desvendando o fenômeno bullying nas escolas públicas de Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Krieger Grossi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Bullying es una palabra inglesa que fue adoptada en diversos países para referirse a intimidación. Peleas, ofensas, comentarios maldosos, agresiones físicas y sicológicas, represión son tipos de violencia generalmente asociados a infancia. Estudios indican que juegos de mal gusto pueden generar consecuencias serias como baja auto-estima, nuevas fuentes de violencia e, incluso, casos de suicidio. Este estudio viene siendo desarrollado desde julio de 2007 en cuatro colegios públicos de la ciudad de Porto Alegre - RS, totalizando 192 alumnos participantes. A través de cuestionario y grupos focales se observó que mas de 70% de los alumnos perciben la existencia de perjurios en el ambiente escolar y casi 40% consideran regular/ malo/ pésimo las relaciones en la colegio, reflejando el mal-estar del estudiante en relación a la colegio. Esta dinámica viene llevando cada vez más jóvenes al aislamiento y a la exclusión

  10. Study of enteroparasites infection frequency and chemotherapeutic agents used in pediatric patients in a community living in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morrone Fernanda B.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Parasitic infections caused by intestinal protozoan and helminths affect more than two billion people worldwide and chemotherapy is the most commonly used therapeutic procedure. Considering the problems created by parasitic infections and the incorrect use of drugs, the aim of this work was to detect the frequency of enteroparasites infection and to estimate the use of chemotherapeutic agents in children living in the periphery of the city of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Ninety-six preschool age children, who had parasitological exams and who used antiparasitic drugs, were analyzed. The efficacy of treatment was evaluated by stool examination repeated six months after treatment. The same diagnostic test was used to evaluate parasitological cure, which was defined as absence of eggs and cysts in the stool. From these children, 79 (82.3% were contaminated by some species of parasite, the most prevalent were Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and Giardia lamblia. The most commonly used drugs were mebendazole (86% of prescriptions and metronidazole (30.3%. The cure rate in the 79 children, examined 6 months after treatment, was 65.3% for A. lumbricoides and 66.1% for T. trichiura. This study suggests that a continuous education program regarding the prevention and treatment of parasitic infections is an essential tool for their eradication.

  11. Os fungos anemófilos e sensibilização em indivíduos atópicos em Porto Alegre, RS Airborne fungi and sensitization in atopic individuals in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelina Mezzari

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Identificar e caracterizar a freqüência e a concentração de esporos de fungos anemófilos em Porto Alegre. Determinar a prevalência de sensibilização a estes fungos em indivíduos atópicos. MÉTODOS: Em 52 amostras colhidas no equipamento Rotorod Sampler®, foram quantificados 3773 esporos de fungos no período de um ano (abril de 2000 a março de 2001. Em 39 pacientes atópicos com rinite e ou asma foram realizados testes cutâneos com alérgenos de fungos anemófilos e o teste fluorimunoenzimático para verificar a incidência de manifestações alérgicas provocadas por tais fungos. RESULTADOS: Em 3773 esporos de fungos encontrados foram identificados 674 (17,86% de Cladosporium sp, 567 (15,03% do grupo Aspergillus/Penicillium, 144 (3,82% de rusts, 94 (2,49% de Helminthosporium sp, 46 (1,22% de Botrytis sp, 45 (1,19% de Alternaria sp, 34 (0,90% de smuts, 33 (0,87% de Curvularia sp, 23 (0,61% de Nigrospora sp e 3 (0,08% de Fusarium sp. Também foram encontrados 1905 (50,49% de ascosporos e 145 (3,84% de basidiosporos. Não foram possíveis de serem identificados 60 (1,59% dos esporos observados. Nos 39 testes cutâneos e sorológicos realizados, resultaram em 15,38% de indivíduos atópicos sensibilizados por alérgenos de fungos em Porto Alegre. CONCLUSÕES: A ocorrência de grande número de esporos de fungos no ar em nossa cidade enfatiza a importância deste estudo sobre os fungos anemófilos, sendo eles responsáveis por 15,38% das sensibilizações alérgicas em indivíduos atópicos com manifestações de asma e ou rinite.OBJECTIVE: To identify and quantify the fungal spores in the atmospheric air of Porto Alegre and to assess sensitization to these allergens in atopic individuals suffering from rhinitis and asthma. METHODS: A total of 52 samples were obtained using a Rotorod Sampler® from April 2000 through March 20001. Allergy skin tests with anemophilous fungus allergens as well as fluorimmunoenzymatic tests were

  12. [The construction of care by the health team and the caretaker within a home-care program for bedridden patients in Porto Alegre (RS, Brazil)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Almeida Freitas, Ivani Bueno; Meneghel, Stela Nazareth; Selli, Lucilda

    2011-01-01

    The main objective of this case study was to understand the construction of care in the Homecare Program for Bedridden Patients (PADA) of a basic health unit (UBS) in Porto Alegre, RS. Data were obtained from 13 caretaker groups in the UBS, and participating observation recorded in field diary in the patient's homes. An analysis of the discourse practices was performed inspired in Foucault's discourse concepts speeches and in studies on ethics and self-care. In the groups, the caretaker occupied a space that we metaphorically called the Delphic Oracle, a place for acceptance, listening and support. Hearing the dialogues that took place between the team and the caretakers made us face the contradiction present in the institutional discourse, which both stimulates self-care, and imposes rules, duties, tasks. Care as a citizenship right opposite to care as submission and subjugation created tension inside the group several times. Foucault's notion of care comprises a synthesis of the exercise of a person over his- or herself, making him or her better as a human being and, at the same time, capacitating him or her to become a better citizen.

  13. Anticorpos neutralizantes contra os vírus da cinomose e da parainfluenza em cães de canis dos municípios de Novo Hamburgo e Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil Neutralizing antibodies to distemper and parainfluenza viruses in dogs in shelter kennels in the municipalities of Novo Hamburgo and Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamahine Larronda Schmidt Hartmann

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available No presente estudo, foi realizada uma pesquisa em busca de anticorpos neutralizantes contra os vírus da cinomose (CDV e da parainfluenza (CPIV caninos em amostras de soro de 173 cães recolhidos a canis municipais em Novo Hamburgo (n=82 e Porto Alegre (n=91, RS. A pesquisa de anticorpos neutralizantes foi realizada pela técnica de soroneutralização frente a duas amostras vacinais de CDV (Rockborn e Snyder Hill e frente a uma amostra de CPIV (V660. Em relação ao CDV, 95,9% das amostras de soros foram negativas para anticorpos neutralizantes contra a amostra Snyder Hill e 90,7% soronegativas para a amostra Rockborn. Entre os soropositivos (n=20; 11,6%, somente três deles apresentaram anticorpos neutralizantes frente às duas amostras de CDV testadas, indicando pouca reatividade cruzada entre as mesmas. Quanto ao CPIV, a prevalência de anticorpos neutralizantes encontrada frente à amostra V660 foi de 51,4%. Esses achados indicam que a maioria dos cães examinados não teve contato prévio com o CDV, seja por infecção natural ou por imunização prévia. O CPIV, porém, parece estar amplamente difundido na população canina examinada, provavelmente por exposição natural ao vírus.In this report a serological survey was carried out in search for antibodies to canine distemper virus (CDV and canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV in 173 sera from dogs withdraw in kennels of the municipalities of Novo Hamburgo (n=82 and Porto Alegre (n=91, RS, Brazil. Neutralizing antibodies were evaluated against two CDV strains used for vaccine production (Rockborn and Snyder Hill as well as one strain of CPIV (V660. Search for anti-CDV neutralizing antibodies revealed that 95.9% of sera were negative for antibodies to CDV Snyder Hill and 90.7% were negative for antibodies to CDV Rockborn. Among the positive sera (n=20; 11.6 % only three of those had neutralizing antibodies to both CDV strains, indicating a low degree of cross reactivity between those. As

  14. Species richness of the genera Trachelomonas and Strombomonas (pigmented Euglenophyceae in a subtropical urban lake in the Porto Alegre Botanical Garden, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Maria Alves-da-Silva

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the taxonomic composition and richness of the genera Trachelomonas and Strombomonas (pigmented Euglenophyceae in a subtropical urban lake (30º03'05"S; 51º10'34"W within the Botanical Garden, in the city of Porto Alegre, located in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in order to contribute to the floristic knowledge of Euglenophyta in artificial urban lakes. From July 2007 to June 2008, we collected samples monthly from two sampling stations, using a 25-µm mesh plankton net. The samples were preserved in 4% formaldehyde. We evaluated the following environmental variables related to the water in the lake: ammonia content, silica content, organic matter content, dissolved oxygen concentration, temperature, pH, depth, transparency, electrical conductivity and rainfall. To study the species composition in relation to environmental factors, we used cluster analysis, principal components analysis, canonical correspondence analysis and indicator species analysis. At the specific and infraspecific level, 22 taxa were identified, Trachelomonas elliptica (Playf. Defl. and T. gracillima Bal. & Dast. representing new records for the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The cluster analysis indicated seasonal variation, species richness being highest in the spring of 2007. Seven indicator species were characterized as acid-tolerant.

  15. Prevalência de cárie, gengivite e fluorose em escolares de 12 anos de Porto Alegre - RS, Brasil, 1998/1999 Prevalence of dental caries, gingivitis and fluorosis in 12-year-old schoolchildren from Porto Alegre - RS, Brazil, 1998/1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berenice Barbachan e SILVA

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de cárie, gengivite e fluorose em escolares de 12 anos de Porto Alegre - RS. Foram examinados 1.000 escolares da rede de ensino público e particular da cidade. Os índices utilizados foram o ISG, CPO e o ITF. Após a coleta do ISG, a criança foi submetida à remoção da placa e secagem dos dentes para proceder-se aos exames de cárie e fluorose. A média e erro padrão do CPOD, incluindo as lesões não cavitadas, foi de 2,22 ± 0,08, o ISG foi de 19,76% ± 0,54% e a prevalência de escolares com fluorose foi de 52,9%. Em relação à severidade, 45,9% das crianças apresentaram ITF 1, 6,1%, ITF 2 e 0,9%, ITF 3. Os escolares com CPOS maior que 7 (51,2% compreenderam 14,4% da amostra. Quanto ao sangramento gengival, observou-se que 12% das crianças apresentavam ISG > ou = 40%. O CPOD de Porto Alegre é comparável ao de países desenvolvidos, resultado provavelmente em decorrência do uso intensivo de flúor, que também está ocasionando a fluorose. A severidade da fluorose encontrada não justifica qualquer medida de saúde pública. As medidas de saúde pública de impacto populacional estão sendo efetivas, porém, existe uma parcela da população que necessita de cuidados adicionais.The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries, gingival bleeding and fluorosis in twelve-year-old schoolchildren from Porto Alegre, Brazil. One thousand students from private and public schools were examined. The indexes used were BI, DMF and TFI. The data pertaining to BI were the first to be collected. After that, the children were submitted to plaque removal and their teeth were dried prior to the examination for caries and fluorosis. The average value for DMFT, including cavitated and non-cavitated lesions, was 2.22 ± 0.08 (standard error. The average value for BI was 19.76% ± 0.54% (standard error and the prevalence of students with fluorosis was 52.9%. Regarding the severity of

  16. Source identification and seasonal variation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons associated with atmospheric fine and coarse particles in the Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Elba Calesso; Agudelo-Castañeda, Dayana M.; Fachel, Jandyra Maria Guimarães; Leal, Karen Alam; Garcia, Karine de Oliveira; Wiegand, Flavio

    2012-11-01

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fine (PM2.5) and coarse particles (PM2.5-10) in an urban and industrial area in the Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre (MAPA), Brazil. Sixteen U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured. Filters containing ambient air particulate were extracted with dichloromethane using Soxhlet. Extracts were later analyzed, for determining PAH concentrations, using a gaseous chromatograph coupled with a mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were more concentrated in PM2.5 with an average of 70% of total PAHs in the MAPA. The target PAH apportionment among the main emission sources was carried out by diagnostic PAH concentration ratios, and principal component analysis (PCA). PAHs with higher molecular weight showed higher percentages in the fine particles in the MAPA. Based on the diagnostic ratios and PCA analysis, it may be concluded that the major contribution of PAHs was from vehicular sources (diesel and gasoline), especially in the PM2.5 fraction, as well as coal and wood burning. The winter/summer ratio in the PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 fractions in the MAPA was 3.1 and 1.8, respectively, revealing the seasonal variation of PAHs in the two fractions. The estimated toxicity equivalent factor (TEF), used to assess the contribution of the carcinogenic potency, confirms a significant presence of the moderately active carcinogenic PAHs BaP and DahA in the samples collected in the MAPA.

  17. Epidemiological study of facial fractures at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Service, Santa Casa de Misericordia Hospital Complex, Porto Alegre - RS - Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Zamboni, Rodrigo Andrighetti; Wagner, João Carlos Birnfeld; Volkweis, Maurício Roth; Gerhardt, Eduardo Luis; Buchmann, Elissa Muller; Bavaresco, Caren Serra

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objectives: to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. Results: the male gender was the most affected (86.6%) and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 yea...

  18. Prevalência de Cryptococcus neoformans nos pombos urbanos da cidade de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul Prevalence of Cryptococcus neoformans in urban pigeons of Porto Alegre (RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Reolon

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Cryptococcus neoformans, levedura encapsulada, é o agente etiológico da criptococose em humanos e animais. A variedade neoformans, encontrada em fontes ambientais, incluindo fezes de pombos, é importante causa de mortalidade em indivíduos imunodeprimidos em todo o mundo. Contudo, ainda não há estudos sobre sua ecologia na cidade de Porto Alegre, onde se tem registro da ocorrência de casos humanos dessa micose. Para pesquisar fontes saprofíticas de C. neoformans na cidade de Porto Alegre, foram coletadas 88 amostras de excretas de pombos em distintas praças da cidade. Suspensões das amostras em salina estéril foram semeadas em placas com meio ágar Sabouraud e incubadas em estufa a temperaturas entre 29 e 30,5°C. Após cinco dias, colônias mucóides foram subcultivadas para identificação através de provas morfofisiológicas. O fungo C. neoformans foi isolado em 88 (100% das amostras avaliadas, confirmando sua ocorrência nos pombos que habitam as praças da cidade.Cryptococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast, causing cryptococcosis in human beings and animals. The variety neoformans, found in environmental sources, including pigeon excrements, is an important cause of mortality in immunocompromised individuals in the whole world. However, there are still no studies on its ecology in the city of Porto Alegre, where register of the occurrence of human cases of this mycosis is found. To study the saprophitic sources of C. neoformans in the city of Porto Alegre, 88 samples of avian excreta have been collected in distinct squares. Suspension of the samples in sterile saline solution had been planted in plates with Sabouraud agar and incubated in stove at 29-30.5°C. After five days mucoid colonies were subcultived for identification through morphologic and physiologic tests. C. neoformans was isolated in 88 (100% of the samples, proving its occurrence in the pigeons that inhabit the squares of that city.

  19. Estudo das emissões de fontes móveis na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul Study of the emissions from moving sources in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre - RS - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elba Calesso Teixeira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims at assessing the influence of pollution from mobile sources on air quality in the Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre by means of an inventory based on methods applied specifically to vehicular emissions. The study uses the method described by CETESB, based on inventories on vehicular emissions, according to USEPA methodology. Following fuel types were taken into account: gasoline (24% ethanol, alcohol, diesel oil, and CNG (compressed natural gas. Results have shown that gasoline-powered vehicles are still responsible for emitting the highest CO and HC concentrations, while diesel-powered vehicles are the source of highest NOx, MP and SOx concentrations.

  20. Epidemiological study of facial fractures at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Service, Santa Casa de Misericordia Hospital Complex, Porto Alegre - RS - Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamboni, Rodrigo Andrighetti; Wagner, João Carlos Birnfeld; Volkweis, Maurício Roth; Gerhardt, Eduardo Luis; Buchmann, Elissa Muller; Bavaresco, Caren Serra

    2017-01-01

    to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. the male gender was the most affected (86.6%) and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 years. The main etiology was assault (38.8%), followed by motor vehicle accidents (14.2%), motorcycle accidents (13.4%), falls (9%), road accidents (6.7%), sports accidents (5.2%), work accidents (5.2%), firearm injuries (4.5%) and cycling accidents (3%). The most frequent fractures were those of the zygomatic complex (44.5%), followed by fractures of the mandible (42.5%), maxillary bone (5.2%), nasal bones (4.5%) and zygomatic arch (3.3%). the fractures of the zygomatic complex and the mandible were the ones with the highest incidence in the facial traumas, having physical assaults as their main cause.

  1. Epidemiological study of facial fractures at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Service, Santa Casa de Misericordia Hospital Complex, Porto Alegre - RS - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Andrighetti Zamboni

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objectives: to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. Results: the male gender was the most affected (86.6% and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 years. The main etiology was assault (38.8%, followed by motor vehicle accidents (14.2%, motorcycle accidents (13.4%, falls (9%, road accidents (6.7%, sports accidents (5.2%, work accidents (5.2%, firearm injuries (4.5% and cycling accidents (3%. The most frequent fractures were those of the zygomatic complex (44.5%, followed by fractures of the mandible (42.5%, maxillary bone (5.2%, nasal bones (4.5% and zygomatic arch (3.3%. Conclusion: the fractures of the zygomatic complex and the mandible were the ones with the highest incidence in the facial traumas, having physical assaults as their main cause.

  2. A construção do cuidado pela equipe de saúde e o cuidador em um programa de atenção domiciliar ao acamado em Porto Alegre (RS, Brasil The construction of care by the health team and the caretaker within a home-care program for bedridden patients in Porto Alegre (RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivani Bueno de Almeida Freitas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é um estudo de caso cujo objetivo principal foi compreender a construção do cuidado no Programa de Atendimento Domiciliar ao Acamado (PADA de uma unidade básica de saúde (UBS em Porto Alegre, RS. Os dados foram obtidos em 13 grupos de cuidadores na UBS e em observação participante registrada em diário de campo nos domicílios. Foi realizada análise das práticas discursivas, inspirada nos conceitos de discurso de Foucault e nos estudos sobre ética e cuidado de si. No transcurso dos grupos, os cuidadores ocuparam um espaço que chamamos metaforicamente de Oráculo de Delfos, lócus de acolhimento, escuta e de suporte. Escutar os diálogos travados entre equipe e cuidadores defrontou-nos com a contradição presente no discurso institucional que ao mesmo tempo que estimula o cuidado de si impõe normas, deveres e fazeres. O cuidado como direito de cidadania em contraposição ao cuidado como submissão e assujeitamento tensionou o grupo em vários momentos. A noção foucaultiana de cuidado compreende uma síntese entre o exercício de uma pessoa sobre ela mesma, tornando-a melhor como ser humano e, ao mesmo tempo, capacitando-a a se tornar melhor como cidadãoThe main objective of this case study was to understand the construction of care in the Homecare Program for Bedridden Patients (PADA of a basic health unit (UBS in Porto Alegre, RS. Data were obtained from 13 caretaker groups in the UBS, and participating observation recorded in field diary in the patient's homes. An analysis of the discourse practices was performed inspired in Foucault's discourse concepts speeches and in studies on ethics and self-care. In the groups, the caretaker occupied a space that we metaphorically called the Delphic Oracle, a place for acceptance, listening and support. Hearing the dialogues that took place between the team and the caretakers made us face the contradiction present in the institutional discourse, which both stimulates self

  3. Profile of newborns with gastroschisis diagnosis in a public hospital at Porto Alegre(RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greice Kelli Coelho de Souza

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To know the profile of newborn diagnosed with gastroschisis and treated at a public hospital at Porto Alegre, southern Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative study was conducted to retrospectively analyze 54 medical records of neonates diagnosed with gastroschisis treated at the study hospital between January 2006 and January 2016. The analysis included all medical records of infants diagnosed with gastroschisis and born in the institution studied, as well as those who were transferred from other health institutions in the period examined. Medical records were searched through electronic consultation to the institution's Epidemiology Service, using the International Code of Diseases (ICD 10 Q 793. Later, the files were accessed through the Medical Records and Statistics Service. Information was collected using a form containing the study variables. The data analysis was performed using SPSS software, version 21.0. The study complied with the ethical aspects of human research legislation. Results: The prevalence of gastroschisis was 0.11%, totaling 54 cases identified. Mean maternal age was 20.2 years; sex distribution was equal among newborns with the malformation; and 72.5% of cases had primary abdominal closure. Conclusion: The results for related causes and treatment, such as maternal age, drug use, and type of abdominal closure, were similar to findings from other studies on gastroschisis. Keywords: Congenital anomalies; gastroschisis; nursing care; neonatal nursing.

  4. Rotina de procedimentos utilizados na seleção e adaptação de aparelhos de amplificação sonora individual em centros auditivos na cidade de Porto Alegre, Brasil - RS Routine of procedures used on the selection and adaptation of hearing aids at hearing centers in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil - RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariele Boscaini Zandavalli

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: verificar a rotina de procedimentos realizados com pacientes candidatos ao uso de aparelho de amplificação sonora individual, em Centros Auditivos na cidade de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul no Brasil. MÉTODOS: participaram do estudo 14 Centros Auditivos, por meio de questionário preenchido pelo fonoaudiólogo (a, responsável técnico (a pelo estabelecimento. RESULTADOS: os resultados encontrados indicaram que os únicos procedimentos realizados em 100% dos centros auditivos foram a audiometria tonal limiar, a otoscopia e a pré-moldagem. Quanto ao tipo de aparelhos auditivos, moldes auriculares e tecnologia mais indicados foram retroauriculares, invisíveis simples e digitais, respectivamente. Na adaptação a faixa etária mais comumente foi de 60 a 79 anos, o tipo de adaptação monoaural, e a maioria dos centros auditivos realizam orientações de uso, acompanhamento após aquisição e experiência domiciliar prévia. CONCLUSÃO: os resultados mostraram que não existiram divergências entre os centros auditivos pesquisados, mas que alguns procedimentos teriam importância significativa para o processo de seleção de aparelhos auditivos, pois os mesmos contribuiriam para o sucesso de uma protetização efetiva.PURPOSES: to check the routine of procedures used with patients which were candidates to using hearing aid, in Hearing Centers in the city of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil. METHODS: 14 Hearing Centers took part in the study, through a questionnaire which was filled in by the Speech Therapist incumbent upon the Center. RESULTS: the results we've found have shown that the sole procedures used in 100% of the Hearing Centers were the threshold tonal audiometry, the otoscopy and the pre-molding. As for the most indicated types of hearing aids, as well as auricular molds and technology, they were retroauricular, simple, invisible and digital, respectively. In the adaptation, the most common age went from 60 to

  5. Matrizes progressivas coloridas de Raven - escala especial: normas para Porto Alegre, RS The Raven's coloured progressive matrices: norms for Porto Alegre, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Ruschel Bandeira

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available O Teste das Matrizes Progressivas Coloridas de Raven destina-se à avaliação do desenvolvimento intelectual de crianças de 5 a 11 anos de idade. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo estabelecer normas para as crianças de Porto Alegre - RS. A amostra foi composta por 779 crianças matriculadas em escolas estaduais, de 4 anos e 9 meses a 11 anos e 9 meses. Foi constatado aumento progressivo nas médias de pontos com o aumento da idade e não foram encontradas diferenças entre meninos e meninas. Na comparação com as crianças de escolas públicas de São Paulo, as médias das crianças de Porto Alegre foram mais altas, mas em geral foram inferiores às das escolas particulares de São Paulo. Foram estabelecidas as normas em percentis para cada faixa etária. Os resultados reforçam a necessidade do estabelecimento de normas distintas para as diferentes regiões do Brasil, principalmente em relação aos testes de inteligência.The Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices was proposed standards to Porto Alegre (RS children. The sample was composed by 779 children from Porto Alegre state public schools, aged from 4 years and 9 months to 11 years and 9 months. It was found a progressive increase in average scores as age increased and it was not verified differences between boys and girls. Comparing average scores between children from São Paulo and Porto Alegre public schools we found that the average scores from Porto Alegre children was higher, but they were lower than the scores from São Paulo private schools children. Percentile ranks were obtained to each age level with range of six months. Research results show the need to establish specific norms to different Brazilian regions, mainly concerning intelligence tests.

  6. Perfil do usuário de crack e fatores relacionados à criminalidade em unidade de internação para desintoxicação no Hospital Psiquiátrico São Pedro de Porto Alegre (RS Profile of crack users and factors related to criminality at the detoxication ward at Hospital Psiquiátrico São Pedro, Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Fabiano Guimarães

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O presente estudo transversal foi realizado com usuários de crack do sexo masculino internados na Unidade de Desintoxicação do Hospital Psiquiátrico São Pedro de Porto Alegre (RS no período de março a dezembro de 2007. O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar o perfil sociodemográfico e de consumo de substâncias psicoativas e a presença de conduta anti-social, sintomas de ansiedade e de depressão em usuários de crack internados na Unidade de Desintoxicação do Hospital Psiquiátrico São Pedro de Porto Alegre (RS, bem como verificar fatores associados à criminalidade nessa clientela. MÉTODO: Trinta sujeitos participaram do estudo, e os instrumentos utilizados foram: questionário sociodemográfico e de avaliação do consumo de substâncias psicoativas e de antecedentes criminais com 55 questões, Mini-Exame do Estado Mental, Inventário Beck de Ansiedade, Inventário Beck de Depressão, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence e Escala Analógico-Visual de Fissura. RESULTADOS: Os principais resultados apontam para uma população de adultos jovens, de cor/raça branca, com idade média de 27,3 anos e em situação de subemprego ou desemprego. A presença de antecedentes criminais foi observada em 40% da amostra e está associada a maior fissura (U = 58,00; p = 0,035, a mais sintomas de ansiedade (U = 56,50; p = 0,028 e de depressão (U = 47,00; p = 0,009. CONCLUSÕES: É freqüente a presença de antecedentes criminais em dependentes de crack e esta variável está relacionada a mais ansiedade, depressão e fissura. Estudos deste tipo permitem ampliar o conhecimento da população atendida, para delinear de forma mais efetiva o plano terapêutico para esta clientela.INTRODUCTION: This cross-sectional study was carried out with 30 crack users admitted at the male detoxication ward at Hospital Psiquiátrico São Pedro, in Porto Alegre, Brazil, from March to December, 2007. The objective of the present study was

  7. Lutzomyia (Pintomyia) fischeri (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), a probable vector of American cutaneous leishmaniasis: detection of natural infection by Leishmania (Viannia) DNA in specimens from the municipality of Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil, using multiplex PCR assay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pita-Pereira, Daniela de; Souza, Getúlio D; Pereira, Thaís de Araújo; Zwetsch, Adriana; Britto, Constança; Rangel, Elizabeth F

    2011-12-01

    In order to determine natural Leishmania (Viannia) infection in Lutzomyia (Pintomyia) fischeri, a multiplex PCR methodology coupled to non-isotopic hybridization was adopted for the analysis of sand fly samples collected by CDC light traps in an endemic area of American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (ACL) in the periurban region of the municipality of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. We analyzed by PCR methodology 560 specimens of Lutzomyia (Pintomyia) fischeri (520 females and 40 males). The wild sand flies were grouped into 56 pools (52 females and 4 males) of 10 each, and positive results were detected in 2 of the 52 female pools, representing a minimum infection rate of 0.38% based on the presence of at least 1 infected insect in the pool. This result associated with some local evidence such as anthopophily, spatial distribution in accordance with the transmission area and human case incidence, suggests that L. (P.)fischeri may be considered as a secondary vector of ACL in the studied locality. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Prevalence study of dermatoses referred to the phototherapy unit at the Dermatology Service of the Clinics Hospital of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil Estudo de prevalência das dermatoses encaminhadas ao setor de fototerapia do ambulatório de dermatologia do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Casara

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Phototherapy consists of exposure to ultraviolet radiation for therapeutic reasons. Radiation is already used in dermatological practice, and many studies have already proved the beneficial effect of UV light treatment for chronic inflammatory or lymphoproliferative skin diseases. The Dermatology Service of the Clinics Hospital of Porto Alegre (Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre has been using phototherapy for a long time, and no official data have been described so far. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of dermatoses referred to the phototherapy unit at the Clinics Hospital of Porto Alegre and describe the total number of patients who have already been referred to this sector and their phototype. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. Data were collected through a review of the phototherapy patients' records (secondary data, which are available on a database of the Dermatology Service of the Clinics Hospital of Porto Alegre, from August 1997 to July 2011. RESULTS: A total of 653 records were analyzed. Phototype 3 was the most prevalent (n=313. Distribution of the prevalence of dermatoses referred to the phototherapy unit was as follows: vitiligo (279, psoriasis (255, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma/mycosis fungoides (29, graftversus-host disease (15, scleroderma (11, atopic dermatitis (10, alopecia areata (6, parapsoriasis (5, eczema (4, granuloma annulare (4, and others (35. As vitiligo and psoriasis were the two most prevalent dermatoses, they were analyzed separately, with no statistical difference in prevalence between them (P=0,177. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings are in accordance with the literature, showing that although phototherapy is still mostly indicated to treat psoriasis, it has been used to treat other dermatoses, since the results are promising. FUNDAMENTOS: Fototerapia é exposição à radiação ultravioleta para uso terapêutico. O uso dessas radiações já é utilizado na prática dermatológica, e

  9. Narrativas de “memorização” na escola normal de Porto Alegre/RS (1882

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Edimar Souza

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo foi reconstruir algumas práticas pedagógicas que compreendiam o cotidiano da Escola Normal de Porto Alegre/RS, no final do século XIX. Os documentos analisados constituem-se de vinte e duas “sabatinas” sobre memória que se encontram no acervo documental do Arquivo Histórico do Rio Grande do Sul. A reconstrução do objeto investigado, pelas lentes da história cultural, pressupõe a analise das representações registradas no momento avaliativo dessa forma de testar o conhecimento. Os aportes teóricos sustentam-se em Chartier (2002, evidenciando os usos práticos e as representações que essa didática pressupunha. As memórias “arquivadas” foram organizadas, de maneira a tornar possível compreender, através das representações narrativas de alunos da escola normal em 1882, as práticas instituídas no que se refere a cadeira de Pedagogia. Os resultados preliminares indicam que a sabatina consistia em uma forma didática da qual os professores se valiam para avaliar e instruir.

  10. Perfil clinicopatológico dos pacientes com pioderma gangrenoso do Hospital das Clínicas de Porto Alegre (RS - Brasil (2000-2006 Clinic and pathological profile of the patients with pyoderma gangrenosum at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (RS - Brazil (2000-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Tremel Barbato

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: O pioderma gangrenoso é doença neutrofílica pouco freqüente. Caracteriza-se por lesões cutâneas ulceradas, dolorosas, com bordas subminadas e violáceas. Os membros inferiores configuram o local mais acometido. Sua etiologia é incerta, mas em 50% dos casos encontra-se associação com outras doenças. A histopatologia é inespecífica, e o diagnóstico, essencialmente clínico. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o perfil clinicopatológico de pacientes com pioderma gangrenoso. MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo dos pacientes diagnosticados no período de 2000 a 2006 no Serviço de Dermatologia do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. RESULTADOS: Foram observados 16 pacientes cuja idade média foi 49 anos, com predomínio do sexo feminino (62,5%. O período médio entre início da doença e diagnóstico foi de 1,6 ano. A forma clínica predominante foi a ulcerativa (81,25%, e 87,5% das lesões localizavam-se nos membros inferiores. O sintoma mais freqüentemente associado foi dor local (37,5%. Doze pacientes (66% apresentaram doenças sistêmicas concomitantes. Doença de Crohn, diabetes e colagenoses foram as principais comorbidades encontradas. O tratamento mais utilizado foi a corticoterapia sistêmica, associada ou não a outros medicamentos (50%, tendo 43,75% dos pacientes apresentado recidiva do quadro. CONCLUSÕES: Os dados avaliados condizem com os encontrados na literatura. As doenças associadas mais prevalentes foram ileíte regional, diabetes melitus e afecções do tecido conectivo. O tratamento mais utilizado incluiu corticoterapia sistêmica. A maioria dos pacientes apresentou cicatrização completa , porém o número de recidivas foi elevado.BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum is an infrequent neutrophilic dermatosis. It presents more frequently with painful cutaneous ulcers, with undermined violaceous borders. The legs are most commonly affected. Etiology is uncertain, although there is an association with other diseases in 50% of

  11. Idosos vacinados e não vacinados contra a influenza: morbidade relatada e aspectos sociodemográficos, Porto Alegre (RS, Brasil, 2004 Influenza-vaccinated and non-vaccinated elderly: reported morbidity and sociodemographic aspects, Porto Alegre (RS, Brazil, 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Aparecida Müller Vilarino

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Aproveitando o evento da campanha nacional de vacinação de idosos contra o vírus influenza em 2004, realizou-se um estudo epidemiológico transversal descritivo com objetivo de comparar populações de idosos vacinadas e não vacinadas em relação à ocorrência de situações de doença ou internações hospitalares dentro do período de três meses após a vacinação. Não foi possível trabalhar com amostragem probabilística, e a tentativa de pareamento de idosos vacinados e não vacinados não teve sucesso devido à elevada cobertura vacinal observada (73% da população-alvo e ao curto espaço de tempo para obter as entrevistas. O resultado da análise descritiva dos 1.130 idosos entrevistados foi muito interessante, mesmo não sendo possível inferir para o universo de idosos de Porto Alegre. Encontrou-se maior proporção na população vacinada de pessoas na faixa etária de 70 a 79 anos (42% e na população não vacinada na faixa de 60 a 64 anos (40%. Os idosos vacinados são na maioria mais velhos; mulheres; têm plano de saúde; declaram renda mais elevada; realizam atividades físicas e não são fumantes. Os idosos não vacinados são na maioria homens; mais jovens; com menor renda; não realizam atividades físicas e são fumantes. Observou-se percentual menor de relato de pneumonias e internações hospitalares entre os vacinados em relação aos não vacinados.This descriptive transversal epidemiological study had the objective of comparing the elderly population who took the influenza vaccine and who did not regarding the occurrence of events of diseases or hospital admittances within three months after the vaccination. It was not possible to work with probable sampling and the attempt of pairing the vaccinated and non-vaccinated elderly was not successful due to the high vaccine coverage observed (73% of the target population and due to the short time available to make the interviews. The result of the descriptive

  12. CERCAMENTO DO PARQUE FARROUPILHA - PORTO ALEGRE/RS – REDENÇÃO OU PRISÃO?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Verdum

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available O fenômeno paisagístico é um processo cultural que se estabelece a partir da interação entre sujeitos e espaço percebido. A paisagem é um fenômeno vivo, contínuo, que expressa diferentes tempos, materialidades e arranjos sociais. É a metonímia de um território. Tendo isso em vista, um grupo de pesquisa interdisciplinar buscou experimentar diferentes ferramentas teórico-metodológicas ao realizar o exercício de intervir em uma determinada paisagem urbana, e assim, estimular o debate sobre as controvérsias que lhe são inerentes. A problemática escolhida foi a proposta de cercamento do Parque da Redenção, oficialmente denominado Parque Farroupilha, discutida na Câmara de Vereadores de Porto Alegre (RS e na mídia local desde a década de 1990. Em uma área próxima ao lago Guaíba e ao Centro Histórico da cidade, os 40 hectares de área verde com diversos ambientes são um importante marco da paisagem de Porto Alegre. Caso fossem cercados, quais os aspectos da paisagem e outros que se agregam a ela que estariam sendo alterados? Como realizar uma intervenção para sensibilizar a população sobre as implicações do cercamento, ou não, do parque? Desde essas questões realizou-se o exercício, em 08 de novembro de 2014, cujos registros orientaram o debate e a produção deste texto e de um vídeo. Neste texto, procuramos inicialmente realizar um diagnóstico a paisagem estudada e a tensão evocada pela proposta de alterá-la mediante a instalação de uma cerca. A seguir relatamos uma intervenção realizada no local pelo grupo, como ferramenta metodológica para estimular diferentes reações e assim registrar as sensações e opiniões da população frente à alteração provocada naquela paisagem. Posteriormente, apresentamos reflexões sobre diferentes aspectos e implicações que o fechamento do parque poderá acarretar.

  13. Capacidade de Carga Turística: Um Estudo no Caminhos Rurais de Porto Alegre, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliane Magagnin Da Soller

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Nesse artigo, apresenta-se o contexto do turismo de base comunitária, além de breve histórico e discussão acerca do conceito e da metodologia da Capacidade de Carga Turística, assim como a adaptação da metodologia para estudo aqui relatado. Descreve-se o estudo realizado para determinar a Capacidade de Carga Turística, tendo por amostra as propriedades rurais partícipes da Associação Porto Alegre Rural (POA RURAL, mais especialmente do roteiro Caminhos Rurais de Porto Alegre, no estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Propôs-se adaptar a para o local a metodologia de cálculo de Capacidade de Carga Turística a partir de Cifuentes (1992; et al 1996, considerando suas particularidades, principalmente aquelas que dizem respeito a saúde e ao bem-estar das famílias que recebem os visitantes e aos impactos ambientais causados pelas construções de infraestrutura turística. A Capacidade de Carga Turística é uma metodologia desenvolvida para áreas preservadas de uso público. Assim, não costuma dar enfoque às questões referentes à comunidade local e aos resíduos gerados pelas instalações e pelos serviços prestados no Turismo.  Tourist Carrying Capacity: A study in the Caminhos Rurais de Porto Alegre, RS  - This paper presents the community based tourism and a brief history, concept and methodology of Tourist Carrying Capacity, and the adaptation of that methodology to the present case. The paper presents the study to determine the Tourist Carrying Capacity in rural proprieties that currently constitute the Porto Alegre Rural Association (RURAL POA, the tourist destination Caminhos Rurais de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. The research proposes to adapt the methodology of Tourist Carrying Capacity from Cifuentes (1992, et al 1996, to the Caminhos Rurais, considering its particularities, especially those relate to health and well-being of families who receives visitors, and the environmental impacts caused by the construction of

  14. Validação de equações de predição da taxa metabólica basal em mulheres residentes em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil Validation of predictive equations of basal metabolic rate of women living in Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivian Wahrlich

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Medir a taxa metabólica basal em mulheres de 20 a 40 anos, não-gestantes ou lactantes, e comparar o valor medido com os valores de taxa metabólica basal estimados por equações de predição. MÉTODOS: A taxa metabólica basal foi medida por calorimetria indireta, pela manhã, durante a fase folicular do ciclo menstrual, em 60 voluntárias residentes no município de Porto Alegre, RS, sob condições padronizadas de jejum, repouso e ambiente. RESULTADOS: A média (± desvio-padrão da taxa metabólica basal medida foi 1.185,3±148,6 kcal em 24 horas. A taxa metabólica basal, estimada por equações, foi significativamente maior (7% a 17% do que a taxa metabólica basal medida. CONCLUSÕES: Os dados evidenciaram que as equações de predição não são adequadas para estimar a taxa metabólica basal nas mulheres avaliadas. O emprego dessas equações podem superestimar os requerimentos energéticos para mulheres com características semelhantes.OBJECTIVE: To measure the basal metabolic rate of women (aged 20 to 40 years living in Porto Alegre, Brazil, and to compare it with estimated values bored on published predictive equations. METHODS: Basal metabolic rate was measured by indirect calorimetry under standard conditions in the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle of 60 volunteers. RESULTS: Mean measured basal metabolic rate (± standard deviation was 1,185.3± 148.6 kcal/24 hours. Estimated basal metabolic rates were significantly greater (7% to 17% than measured basal metabolic rate (p<0.0001. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that predictive equations are not suitable to estimate basal metabolic rate in these groups of women and that the use of estimated basal metabolic rate will lead to an overestimation of energy requirements in women with similar characteristics.

  15. Uurban Forestry Evaluations: Quantitative Surveys on Vegetation of Green Tunnels in Porto Alegre, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Teresa Salvi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Os túneis verdes, objetos de estudo deste trabalho, constituem estruturas paisagísticas recorrentes na paisagem de Porto Alegre. Formados pela densa arborização viária, integram a floresta urbana da capital gaúcha e representam uma alternativa aos projetos dedicados ao fomento da vegetação em ambientes urbanizados. As propostas que objetivam a implantação desses túneis devem considerar o aumento da densidade e diversidade da flora, sendo necessária a realização de diagnósticos da vegetação existente como subsídio para a formulação de tais projetos. Esta pesquisa avalia aspectos referentes à diversidade e à composição das espécies vegetais formadoras de alguns túneis verdes da cidade de Porto Alegre, RS, estabelecendo um comparativo entre as espécies existentes, tendo em vista que o manejo dessa vegetação linear representa uma das ferramentas que pode ser empregada visando ao aumento da densidade e diversidade das florestas urbanas.

  16. Estimated atmospheric emissions from biodiesel and characterization of pollutants in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre-RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elba C. Teixeira

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to estimate emissions of some pollutants (CO, NOX, HC, SOX, and PM in diesel fleet due to the addition of biodiesel in different blends, as well as to assess atmospheric pollutant concentrations in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre (MAPA. The methodology was based on inventories from mobile sources based on US EPA's technical report. Regarding air quality the following parameters were determined: PM10, PM2.5, CO, NOX, O3, SO2, HC and PAHs. The results showed a decrease for emissions PM, CO, and HC, and a slight increase for NOX. The characterization of atmospheric pollutants in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre showed that they are influenced by mobile sources, particularly diesel vehicles. The diagnosis of ratios analysis that was applied to facilitate the identification of sources of PAHs, indicated an influence of diesel oil.O objetivo do presente estudo foi estimar as emissões de alguns poluentes (CO, NOX, HC, SOX e MP na frota diesel devido à adição de biodiesel em diferentes misturas, bem como avaliar as concentrações de poluentes atmosféricos na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre (MAPA. A metodologia foi fundamentada em inventários de fontes móveis baseados em relatórios técnicos da US EPA. Em relação à qualidade do ar foram determinado os seguintes parâmetros: PM10, MP2,5, CO, NOX, O3, SO2, HC e HPAs. Os resultados mostraram uma diminuição das emissões de PM, CO e HC e um ligeiro aumento de NOX. A caracterização dos poluentes atmosféricos na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre mostrou que eles são influenciados por fontes móveis, principalmente, por veículos a diesel. A análise de diagnóstico das razões, que foi aplicada para facilitar a identificação das fontes de HPAs, indicou influência de óleo diesel.

  17. Estudo sobre as características de usuários de drogas injetáveis que buscam atendimento em Porto Alegre, RS A study on the characteristics of intravenous drug users who seek treatment in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio Pechansky

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: O estudo descreve uma amostra de usuários de droga injetável (UDI que buscam atendimento na cidade de Porto Alegre, a fim de conhecer melhor os métodos de exposição ao vírus HIV, gerando hipóteses para estudos futuros e diretrizes para programas preventivos. Métodos: Foram entrevistados 142 UDI, utilizando uma entrevista estruturada para levantamento de fatores de risco. Foram analisadas características demográficas e das relações sexuais, utilizando-se como desfechos de interesse o status sorológico e as características do uso de drogas, tais como freqüência e tipo de droga utilizada. Resultados: 97% dos indivíduos havia injetado cocaína (8,6 dias do mês, 9,3 vezes por dia e usado álcool e maconha no mês prévio à entrevista; apenas 44 apresentavam testes HIV (54,5% soropositivos. Quase 90% haviam recebido aconselhamento para HIV, porém a mudança de condutas aconteceu somente numa parcela dos casos, sem informação adequada sobre limpeza de seringas; 53% dos indivíduos relataram compartilhamento de equipamento prévio à coleta de dados, utilizando 16,2 vezes a mesma seringa. Os entrevistados eram sexualmente ativos e predominantemente heterossexuais, com uma média de sete relações por mês; 44% não usou camisinha nas relações sexuais e 48% afirmou ter utilizado pelo menos álcool antes ou durante as relações. Conclusões: Os achados sugerem que o aconselhamento é importante para modificar hábitos dos UDI mas não contempla necessidades de usuários recreacionais. A limpeza de seringas é infreqüente, talvez produto da pouca informação sobre práticas de risco. Os UDI são sexualmente ativos, heterossexuais e na maioria têm poucos parceiros, o que pode justificar o baixo uso de preservativos nessa amostra. É possível que o uso freqüente de drogas antes ou durante as relações contribua para tal fato.Introduction: This paper presents data on a sample of inner city injection drug users

  18. O jornal A Voz da Escola: escritas dos alunos do Colégio Elementar Souza Lobo (Porto Alegre/RS - 1934/1940 - The journal A Voz da Escola: written by children of the Elementary School Souza Lobo (Porto Alegre/RS - 1934/1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Camara Bastos

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda as escritas de alunos do ensino primário do Colégio Elementar Souza Lobo (Porto Alegre/RS, publicadas no jornal A Voz da Escola (1934-1940, como prática de formação pessoal, cívica e religiosa, de aprendizagem da moral ou da civilidade. Busca-se analisar os discursos veiculados, os processos de subjetivação e suas influências nos modos como as crianças, na faixa etária de 10 a 12 anos, pensavam, agiam e se expressavam nos espaços de construção de suas identidades. Insere-se nas práticas de escritas escolares e infantis, especialmente na interface da História da Educação e da história da cultura escrita, que analisa a produção, difusão, conservação e o uso dos objetos escritos, em suas várias modalidades. Os exemplares do periódico são tomados como lócus privilegiado para adentrarmos no cotidiano de uma escola primária, da década de 1930, isto é, o universo escolar e toda uma rede paralela de significações.Palavras-chaves: escrita infantil, jornal escolar, periódico estudantil, cultura escolar. THE JOURNAL A VOZ DA ESCOLA: WRITTEN BY CHILDREN OF THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SOUZA LOBO (PORTO ALEGRE/RS - 1934/1940 Abstract The article discusses the writings of primary school pupils of the Elementary School Souza Lobo (Porto Alegre/RS, published in the newspaper A Voz da Escola (1934-1940, as a practice of civic, religious and personal formation, learning of moral or civic education. It aims to analyze conveyed discourses, subjective processes and their influence in way children, aged 10-12, thought, acted and expressed themselves in spaces of construction of their identities. It is inset in the practice of school and children’s writings, especially in the interface of the history of education and the history of written culture, which analyze the production, distribution, conservation and the usage of written objects in their several forms. Copies of the journal are taken as a privileged place in order

  19. O Crisol: periódico das alunas do Colégio Americano (Porto Alegre/RS, 1945-1964 - O Crisol: the jornal by students of the Colégio Americano (Porto Alegre/RS, 1945-1964

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dóris Bittencourt Almeida, Brasil

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho investiga-se o periódico O Crisol, produzido pelas alunas do Colégio Americano, uma escola de Porto Alegre/RS, entre os anos de 1945 e 1964. Esse periódicodiz muito à História da Educação, pois evidencia saberes e práticas que circulavam nacomunidade do Colégio e revela um pouco das representações da cultura juvenil daquele tempo. Aqui interessam os significados dos discursos difundidos pelo periódico nos processos de subjetivação provocados pelos textos e suas possíveis influências na construção das identidades das jovens leitoras e escritoras do jornal. A pesquisa identifica-se com os pressupostos teóricos da História Cultural e se inscreve no campo das práticas de leitura e escrita e de memórias juvenis, tendo como referenciais as concepções da cultura escrita enquanto produção discursiva de um determinado tempo e lugar.Palavras-chave: memórias juvenis, escritas escolares, práticas de escrita. O CRISOL: THE JORNAL BY STUDENTS OF THE COLÉGIO AMERICANO (PORTO ALEGRE/RS, 1945-1964 AbstractThis work investigates the journalO Crisolproduced by students of the Colégio Americano, a school in Porto Alegre/RS, between the years 1945 and 1964.The journal says much to the History of Education, as evidenced knowledges and pratices circulating in the community,showing a bit of representations of youth culture in that time. Herethe interest by meaning’s dissemination of speeches by the journal in the processes of subjectivation caused by texts and their possible influences on the construction of identities of young readers and writers of the newspaper. The research identifies with the theoreticals presuppositions o Cultural History and inscribed in the field of reading and writing practices and memories of youth, taking as reference the concepts of the writing culture as a discursive production of a determinated time and place.Key-words: youth’s memories, written school, writing practices. O CRISOL: EL

  20. Clay characterization of Monte Alegre-RN, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alencar, M.I.; Ferreira, O.F.; Ren, D.G.; Cunha, J.M.R.; Harima, E.

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to characterize the clay from the municipality of Monte Alegre in Rio Grande do Norte. Clay (popularly known as tabatinga) is used in brick kilns for producing bricks and tiles. This study also verified the possibility of using this for industrial ceramics and ceramic tiles. The following techniques were used for characterization: chemical and mineralogical analysis which found the composition of this material the presence of quartz and kaolinite, plasticity index where the result was that the clay has plasticity null; solid residue content was 60, 19%, the determination of loss on ignition was 8.70% on checking the color of the burning got creamy clear. (author)

  1. Seroepidemiology of Leishmania infantum in dogs in the city of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Caetano Teixeira

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Leishmaniosis are zoonoses that present several clinical manifestations in humans and have dogs as their main reservoir in the urban environment. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL is the most severe form of the parasitosis and has been increasing in Brazil, despite the actions of public health agencies. Until 2002, the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS was considered free of human and canine leishmaniasis. The first human case of cutaneous leishmaniasis in RS was recorded in 2003. In 2009, the first autochthonous cases of human VL and canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL were confirmed in São Borja, RS, and the occurrence of the insect vector was recorded for the first time in the state. In 2010, the first confirmed case of CVL was reported and seropositive dogs were identified in the city of Porto Alegre, RS. Given the importance of this zoonosis and the difficulties of a reliable diagnosis in dogs, this study aimed to identify epidemiological aspects of CVL in dogs in an area of Porto Alegre where cases of the disease have been reported. A total of 300 blood samples were collected from dogs in this area, which were then tested by the methods of RT-DPP® and ELISA for diagnosis of Leishmania infantum. An epidemiological questionnaire was completed by dog owners, containing aspects related to care of the animals, characteristics of their environment, and their living conditions. We observed that 83% (250/300 of the studied dogs were of mixed breed, 58% (175/300 were female, 78% (238/300 slept outdoors, and 61% (183/300 shared their living quarters with other species. Clinically, we observed that 90% (270/300 of the animals were infested by ectoparasites, 70% (210/300 had dermatopathies, 24% (72/300 presented weight loss and anorexia, and 22% (65/300 had ocular disorders. The results of the two serological tests were 100% concordant for the three seropositive samples (1%, and the remaining 297 (99% were negative for both tests. We conclude that despite the

  2. Processo decisório de compra de maçã na cidade de Porto Alegre - RS

    OpenAIRE

    Rockenbach, Bianca Martins

    2013-01-01

    O presente trabalho teve como objetivo principal descrever o processo decisório de compra de maçã na cidade de Porto Alegre - RS, buscando aprofundar o conhecimento acerca dos fatores que influenciam a decisão de compra da fruta pelo último elo da cadeia produtiva: o consumidor final. Para a efetiva condução deste trabalho, o processo metodológico apresentou uma pesquisa exploratória, realizada em uma fase qualitativa, em que foram apontados os indicadores relacionados à tomada de decisão ...

  3. Terapia anti-hipertensiva utilizada por pacientes idosos de Porto Alegre/RS, Brasil = Antihypertensive therapy used by elderly patients from Porto Alegre/RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schroeter, Guilherme

    2006-01-01

    Conclusões: Os diuréticos, inibidores da ECA e betabloqueadores foram os anti-hipertensivos mais utilizados. Muitas vezes o usuário comete erros na medicação, o que pode ser resolvido com uma assistência correta a esse paciente. Diante da prevalência da hipertensão entre os idosos, observa-se a necessidade de uma maior atenção dos profissionais de saúde a esses pacientes

  4. Omeprazole use at University Hospital in Porto Alegre-RS (Brazil / Uso de omeprazol en el hospital universitario de Porto Alegre-RS (Brasil / Uso de omeprazol em hospital universitário de Porto Alegre-RS (Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morrone FB

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Intestinal bleeding are important cause of hospital admissions and death, being relevant in critically weak patients and those with arthritis and osteoarthritis using NSAIDs. Omepazole is the first choice drug for prophylaxis of stress ulcer and NSAID complications prevention, because it prevent not only duodenal but also gastric ulcer and eradication of H pylori used with antibiotics. The aim of this study was to determine frequency of use, indications and characteristics of population using omeprazole. A qualitative and quantitative drug utilization study was done. In-hospital adults at a University Hospital constituted study population. From 91 patients studied, the majority suffered from cancer (24.2%. Average length of stay and omeprazole use time was 20 and 12 days, respectively. Abdominal surgery team was the higher omeprazole prescriber, and main indication was post-surgery. Although most of omeprazole uses was acceptable, those could be better evaluated. T could be useful implementing a pharmaceutical care program and creating a omeprazole use guideline with the objective of prescribing it in a more rationale and adequate way for each patient.

  5. Screening for depressive symptoms in older adults in the Family Health Strategy, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nogueira, Eduardo Lopes; Rubin, Leonardo Librelotto; Giacobbo, Sara de Souza; Gomes, Irenio; Cataldo Neto, Alfredo

    2014-06-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the prevalence of depression in older adults and associated factors. METHODS Cross-sectional study using a stratified random sample of 621 individuals aged ≥ 60 from 27 family health teams in Porto Alegre, RS, Southern Brazil, between 2010 and 2012. Community health agents measured depression using the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale. Scores of ≥ 6 were considered as depression and between 11 and 15 as severe depression. Poisson regression was used to search for independent associations of sociodemographic and self-perceived health with both depression and its severity. RESULTS The prevalence of depression was 30.6% and was significantly higher in women (35.9% women versus 20.9% men, p education, especially illiteracy (PR = 1.8, 95%CI 1.2;2 6); regular self-rated health (OR = 2.2, 95%CI 1.6;3.0); and poor/very poor self-rated health (PR = 4.0, 95%CI 2.9;5.5). Except for education, the strength of association of these factors increases significantly in severe depression. CONCLUSIONS A high prevalence of depression was observed in the evaluations conducted by community health agents, professionals who are not highly specialized. The findings identified using the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale in this way are similar to those in the literature, with depression more associated with low education, female gender and worse self-rated health. From a primary health care strategic point of view, the findings become still more relevant, indicating that community health agents could play an important role in identifying depression in older adults.

  6. Modelling the photochemical pollution over the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borrego, C.; Monteiro, A.; Ferreira, J.; Moraes, M. R.; Carvalho, A.; Ribeiro, I.; Miranda, A. I.; Moreira, D. M.

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the photochemical pollution over the Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre (MAPA), Brazil, where high concentrations of ozone have been registered during the past years. Due to the restricted spatial coverage of the monitoring air quality network, a numerical modelling technique was selected and applied to this assessment exercise. Two different chemistry-transport models - CAMx and CALGRID - were applied for a summer period, driven by the MM5 meteorological model. The meteorological model performance was evaluated comparing its results to available monitoring data measured at the Porto Alegre airport. Validation results point out a good model performance. It was not possible to evaluate the chemistry models performance due to the lack of adequate monitoring data. Nevertheless, the model intercomparison between CAMx and CALGRID shows a similar behaviour in what concerns the simulation of nitrogen dioxide, but some discrepancies concerning ozone. Regarding the fulfilment of the Brazilian air quality targets, the simulated ozone concentrations surpass the legislated value in specific periods, mainly outside the urban area of Porto Alegre. The ozone formation is influenced by the emission of pollutants that act as precursors (like the nitrogen oxides emitted at Porto Alegre urban area and coming from a large refinery complex) and by the meteorological conditions.

  7. Decreasing flood risk perception in Porto Alegre - Brazil and its influence on water resource management decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allasia, D. G.; Tassi, R.; Bemfica, D.; Goldenfum, J. A.

    2015-06-01

    Porto Alegre is the capital and largest city in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul in Southern Brazil with approximately 1.5 million inhabitants. The city lies on the eastern bank of the Guaiba Lake, formed by the convergence of five rivers and leading to the Lagoa dos Patos, a giant freshwater lagoon navigable by even the largest of ships. This river junction has become an important alluvial port as well as a chief industrial and commercial centre. However, this strategic location resulted in severe damage because of its exposure to flooding from the river system, affecting the city in the years 1873, 1928, 1936, 1941 and 1967. In order to reduce flood risk, a complex system of levees and pump stations was implemented during 1960s and 1970s. Since its construction, not a single large flood event occurred. However, in recent years, the levees in the downtown region of Porto Alegre were severally criticized by city planners and population. Several projects have been proposed to demolish the Mauá Wall due to the false perception of lack of flood risk. Similar opinions and reactions against flood infrastructure have been observed in other cities in Brazil, such as Itajaí and Blumenau, with disastrous consequences. This paper illustrates how the perception of flood risk in Porto Alegre has changed over recent years as a result of flood infrastructure, and how such changes in perceptions can influence water management decisions.

  8. Epidemiological, clinical and immunohistochemical aspects of canine lymphoma in the region of Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa B. Neuwald

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the epidemiological, clinical and immunohistochemical characteristics of canine lymphomas diagnosed in the region of Porto Alegre, Brazil. Thirty dogs were enrolled in the study; most of them were male (60%, mixed-breed (23% and middle-aged or older. The majority (87% of affected dogs showed the multicentric form. The B-cell phenotype was most frequently detected (62%; 37% of the animals were in clinical stage IV, and 83% were classified as sub-stage "b". Lymphadenopathy was observed in 67% of the cases, and dyspnea, prostration, decreased appetite and vomiting were the most common clinical signs encountered. Anemia was a frequently encountered laboratory alteration (57%, as were leukocytosis (40%, thrombocytopenia (33%, lymphopenia (30%, hyperglobulinemia (20% and hypercalcemia (13%. The results of this study indicate that the clinical features of dogs with lymphoma in the region of Porto Alegre are similar to those observed worldwide.

  9. Comparing The Profile Of Chemical Dependents Hospitalized At A Chemical Dependency Unit In Porto Alegre/RS In 2002 And 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonel Tesch Formiga

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Studies on the use of psychoactive substances have been focused on identifying risk and protective factors related to this behavior based on the definition of the epidemiologic profile of such populations. The objective of the present study is to compare the profiles of samples of chemical dependent patients hospitalized at a Detoxification Unit (DU in Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in 2002 with the patients hospitalized in 2006. Method: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study. The research was carried out using medical records. We used a convenience sample divided into two groups: 1 all patients hospitalized at the DU from September to December 2006 (n=118; 2 all patients hospitalized at the same Unit from April to May 2002 (n=202. Results: There was a significant increase in the use of marijuana, inhaled cocaine and crack and a decrease in the use of solvents; there was no change concerning the use of alcohol and injected cocaine. It is important to mention the increase in the prevalence of crack users, which increased from 21.8% to 61.9%. There was a decrease of almost 30% in the number of alcoholics who did not use other psychoactive substances except for tobacco in the 2006 sample. Psychiatric comorbidities were quite prevalent, and we can highlight a significant increase in the number of patients with personality disorders. Conclusion: We conclude that the profile of chemical dependents hospitalized for detoxification is changing; therefore, it is important that new therapeutic strategies are planned in order to better assist this population.

  10. Geography and Participatory Democracy in Brazil: Porto Alegre and Belo Horizonte Compared

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terence Wood

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the participatory budgeting  process that an increasing number of municipalities, primarily but not exclusively in Brazil, are  using as a tool of governance. Background is  provided on municipal governance in Brazil as  well as on the Partido dos Trabalhadores, the political party primarily responsible for introducing participatory budgeting. This is followed by a  comparison of the participatory budgets of two  Brazilian cities: Porto Alegre and Belo Horizonte.  From this comparison we draw conclusions as to  how geography can condition the outcomes of  participatory budgeting processes. Resumen: Geografía y democracia participativa en Brasil:  Comparación entre Porto Alegre y Belo Horizonte Este artículo estudia el proceso de presupuestos  participativos que un número creciente de municipalidades, especialmente en Brasil, aunque no  exclusivamente, está utilizando como instrumento  de gobernabilidad. En el artículo se entrega información de fondo sobre los gobiernos municipales en Brasil y sobre el Partido de los Trabajadores, el partido político que es responsable de la  introducción del presupuesto participativo, para  posteriormente comparar los presupuestos participativos de dos ciudades brasileñas: Porto Alegre y  Belo Horizonte. Sobre la base de esta comparación sacamos conclusiones sobre cómo puede la  geografía condicionar el resultado de procesos de  presupuesto participativo.

  11. O modo de fazer saúde: reflexões sobre o cotidiano de uma unidade básica de saúde de Porto Alegre - RS The mode of health care: reflections on the daily practice of a primary health unit Porto Alegre - RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Chiapinotto

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo discute-se o modo de fazer saúde em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde de Porto Alegre-RS a partir da compreensão do processo histórico da constituição de formas de assistência à saúde no Brasil. Durante a experiência de trabalho na Residência Integrada em Saúde, surgiram questionamentos acerca do trabalho no contexto do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS e os conceitos de saúde e cuidado que estavam operando no cotidiano de atendimento do serviço. A observação participante foi a ferramenta utilizada para a reflexão do cotidiano de trabalho desta Unidade. Desta forma, emergiram três categorias: a relação públicoprivado, o discurso da equipe sobre a população e a demanda da Residência Integrada em Saúde: transformação do modo de trabalhar. Assim, procura-se dar visibilidade aos elementos que atravessam o trabalho nesta Unidade, considerando os paradigmas que sustentam as práticas e apontando para a importância da discussão e dos espaços de escuta na construção de novos modos de trabalhar com saúde.This article discusses the mode of health care in a Primary Health Unit of Porto Alegre, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, based on the understanding of the historical process of the constitution of types of health assistance in Brazil. During the experience in the Integrated Health Residency, some questions emerged regarding work in the context of Brazil's National Health System (SUS, and the concepts of health and care that were operating on the daily practice of this service. Participant observation was the tool used in this research for a reflection on the daily practice of the Unit. In this way, three categories emerged: the public/private relationship, the team's discourse about the population, and the demand of the Integrated Health Residency: changes in the manner of working. Thus, the article gives visibility to the elements pertaining to work in this Unit, pointing to the importance of the discussion and of

  12. Flow-by-flow chemical stratigraphy and evolution of thirteen Serra Geral Group basalt flows from Vista Alegre, southernmost Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viter M Pinto

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The geochemical characterization of thirteen Serra Geral Group flows in the Vista Alegre region (RS-SC, southern Brazil, displays the homogeneous basaltic composition near 50 wt.% SiO2. Each of the five basal flows (Pitanga-type, high-Ti/Y ~600, TiO2 > 3 wt.% and eight upper flows (Paranapanema-type, medium Ti/Y ~400, TiO2 > 2 wt.% can be identified from their chemical composition; sets of flows have parallel variation in chemical composition. The flow-by-flowcorrelation in four sections shows the horizontal position of the flows in three profiles and an approximately 200-m downdrop of the Itapiranga block with respect to the Frederico Westphalen block. The world-class amethyst geode mineralization and the systematic presence of native copper in the basalts make the correlation of great geological and economic significance.A caracterização geoquímica de treze derrames do Grupo Serra Geral na região de Vista Alegre (RS e SC, sul do Brasil, exibe uma composição basáltica homogênea próxima a 50% de SiO2. Os cinco derrames basais são classificados quimicamente como tipo Pitanga (alto Ti/Y ~600 e TiO2 > 3 em peso percentual, os demais oito derrames possuem médio Ti/Y ~400 com TiO2 ~2.5 em peso percentual, sendo classificados como magma tipo Paranapanema. Cada derrame pode ser identificado através de sua composição química e correlacionado, com variação paralela entre os perfis estudados. A correlação derrame a derrame nos quatro perfis demonstra uma posição horizontal em três perfis e um rejeito vertical de aproximadamente 200 m do bloco Itapiranga em relação ao bloco Frederico Westphalen. A presença de jazidas de ametista em geodos e a sistemática ocorrência de cobre nativo nos basaltos da região tornam a correlação de grande significado geológico e econômico.

  13. Between Care and Order: Street-Level Workers’ Discretion and Drug Policies in Amsterdam (the Netherlands) and Porto Alegre (Brazil)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Quadros Rigoni (Rafaela)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ This comparative study analyses the implementation of policies on so-called ‘problem drugs’ (crack cocaine and heroin) for the cities of Amsterdam (in the Netherlands) and Porto Alegre (in Brazil). Using a variant on the street level bureaucracy approach, the study

  14. Consumo de nutrientes em idosos residentes em Porto Alegre (RS, Brasil: um estudo de base populacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carina Duarte Venturini

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Para descrever o perfil de consumo de nutrientes e verificar a sua associação com as variáveis sociodemográficas e de saúde, desenvolveu-se um estudo transversal, de base populacional em uma amostra aleatória de 427 idosos residentes em Porto Alegre, Brasil. O consumo alimentar foi avaliado através do Inquérito Recordatório de 24 Horas e Investigação da História Dietética. Dos idosos entrevistados, 70% eram mulheres; 48,5% possuíam entre 60 e 69 anos; 68,8% possuíam menos de 8 anos de escolaridade; 39,0%, renda familiar entre 2 e 5 salários mínimos; e 58,4% não praticava exercício físico. A hipertensão foi a doença mais prevalente, e 54,9% dos idosos estavam abaixo do peso. Os homens consumiam mais calorias, proteínas, fibras, minerais e vitaminas do que as mulheres. O consumo de carboidrato e cálcio aumentou conforme o avanço da idade, assim como diminuiu a ingestão de zinco. A prática de exercício físico elevou o consumo de calorias, magnésio, potássio e fósforo. Quanto maior a escolaridade, maior é o consumo de vitaminas B6 e B12; quanto maior a renda familiar, maior o consumo de vitamina B6 e ácido fólico. Os resultados demonstram que há deficiências nutricionais na alimentação diária da nossa população de idosos, principalmente entre as mulheres e os indivíduos acima de 80 anos.

  15. Aspectos psicossociais da imigração familiar na grande Porto Alegre Psychosocial aspects of familiar immigration at the Porto Alegre region (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Castellá Sarriera

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo apresentam-se alguns aspectos psicossociais presentes no processo migratório de seis famílias hispano-americanas na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre. Estes aspectos, relatados através de entrevistas semi-estruturadas com os integrantes das famílias, indicam os principais tópicos que nortearam as entrevistas: suas trajetórias migracionais, decisão de imigrar, sua inserção na cultura local, suas relações comunitárias, identidade e expectativas de vida. São analisadas as formas como ocorrem as transições aculturativas no contexto local.On this article some psychosocial aspects included on the migratory process of six Hispanic families at the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre (Brazil are presented. These aspects, obtained through semi-structured interviews with the members of the families that had indicated the principal topics that guided the interviews: their emigrational paths, their decision to immigrate, their insertion on the local culture, their community relations, identity and life expectations. The ways by which the acculturative transitions on the local context happen are analyzed.

  16. Evaluation of exploitation alternatives of iron - titanium - vanadium ore from Campo Alegre de Lourdes (Bahia-Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cassa, J.C.S.; Ogasawara, T.; Silva, F.T. da; Cuellar, O.D.

    1987-01-01

    An evaluation of experiences carried out in order to develop an economic process for vanadium, is presented. The attempts which are being developed in the Metallurgical Engineering Program at COPPE/UFRJ, are described, and the other technical and economical possibilities of existing technologies, are analysed. The advantages and disadvantages of integrated steel making process to recover iron, titanium and vanadium contained in the ore from Campo Alegre de Lourdes deposit, in Bahia-Brazil are considered. (Author) [pt

  17. [Femicide in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: gender iniquities in dying].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meneghel, Stela Nazareth; Margarites, Ane Freitas

    2017-12-18

    Femicide is the murder of women as the result of gender inequalities. It is the most extreme form of violence against women. The theoretical and methodological frame of reference used in this study was patriarchy theory and critical discourse analysis. We analyzed the discourses from 64 police inquiries categorized as femicides in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, from 2006 to 2010. The victims were mostly poor young women living in outlying areas of the city with high rates of prostitution and women murdered by the drug traffic, deaths not routinely classified as femicides by the police. Many inquiries were shelved for purported lack of evidence, and many other cases were not even started. The discourse in the police reports often demeaned and blamed the victims, although some criticized the inequalities between men and women and identified the lethal effects of male chauvinism. Police inquiries are important sources for studying femicide in society, adding abundant information on the crimes' victims, perpetrators, and scenarios.

  18. Identification, antimicrobial resistance and genotypic characterization of Enterococcus spp. isolated in Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, Eduardo André; de Freitas, Ana Lúcia Peixoto; Reiter, Keli Cristine; Lutz, Larissa; Barth, Afonso Luís

    2009-01-01

    In the past two decades the members of the genus Enterococcus have emerged as important nosocomial pathogens worldwide. In the present study, we evaluated the antimicrobial resistance and genotypic characteristics of 203 Enterococcus spp. recovered from different clinical sources from two hospitals in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The species were identified by conventional biochemical tests and by an automated system. The genetic diversity of E. faecalis presenting high-level aminoglycoside resistance (HLAR) was assessed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of chromosomal DNA after SmaI digestion. The E. faecalis was the most frequent specie (93.6%), followed by E. faecium (4.4%). The antimicrobial resistance profile was: 2.5% to ampicillin, 0.5% to vancomycin, 0.5% teicoplanin, 33% to chloramphenicol, 2% to nitrofurantoin, 66.1% to erythromycin, 66.5% to tetracycline, 24.6% to rifampicin, 30% to ciprofloxacin and 87.2% to quinupristin-dalfopristin. A total of 10.3% of the isolates proved to be HLAR to both gentamicin and streptomycin (HLR-ST/GE), with 23.6% resistant only to gentamicin (HLR-GE) and 37.4% only to streptomycin (HLR-ST). One predominant clonal group was found among E. faecalis HLR-GE/ST. The prevalence of resistance among beta-lactam antibiotics and glycopeptides was very low. However, in this study there was an increased number of HLR Enterococcus which may be spreading intra and inter-hospital. PMID:24031416

  19. Decreasing flood risk perception in Porto AlegreBrazil and its influence on water resource management decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. G. Allasia

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Porto Alegre is the capital and largest city in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul in Southern Brazil with approximately 1.5 million inhabitants. The city lies on the eastern bank of the Guaiba Lake, formed by the convergence of five rivers and leading to the Lagoa dos Patos, a giant freshwater lagoon navigable by even the largest of ships. This river junction has become an important alluvial port as well as a chief industrial and commercial centre. However, this strategic location resulted in severe damage because of its exposure to flooding from the river system, affecting the city in the years 1873, 1928, 1936, 1941 and 1967. In order to reduce flood risk, a complex system of levees and pump stations was implemented during 1960s and 1970s. Since its construction, not a single large flood event occurred. However, in recent years, the levees in the downtown region of Porto Alegre were severally criticized by city planners and population. Several projects have been proposed to demolish the Mauá Wall due to the false perception of lack of flood risk. Similar opinions and reactions against flood infrastructure have been observed in other cities in Brazil, such as Itajaí and Blumenau, with disastrous consequences. This paper illustrates how the perception of flood risk in Porto Alegre has changed over recent years as a result of flood infrastructure, and how such changes in perceptions can influence water management decisions.

  20. SOIL VARIABILITY IN DIFFERENT LANDSCAPE POSITIONS IN THE PORTO ALEGRE BOTANICAL GARDEN, SOUTHERN BRAZIL

    OpenAIRE

    Silva,Luís Fernando da; Nascimento,Paulo César do; Inda,Alberto Vasconcellos; Silva,Edsleine Ribeiro

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACTKnowledge of soil characteristics in areas where activities related to the environment are developed, such as Porto Alegre Botanical Garden (JB-PoA), is a fundamental condition for the sustainable use of this natural resource. The objective of this study was to characterize, classify and evaluate some issues about soil formation in Porto Alegre Botanical Garden, as well as relate their distribution on the landscape according to environmental characteristics. For the morphological desc...

  1. Drug use among drivers who drank on alcohol outlets from Porto Alegre, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Boni, Raquel B; Bastos, Francisco Inacio; de Vasconcellos, Mauricio; Oliveira, Fernanda; Limberger, Renata P; Pechansky, Flavio

    2014-01-01

    Driving under the influence of multiple substances is a public health concern, but there is little epidemiological data about their combined use and putative impact on driving in low and middle-income countries where traffic crashes have been clustering in recent years. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of alcohol and drug use - as well as their associated factors - among drivers in the context of alcohol outlets (AOs). A probability three-stage sample survey was conducted in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Individuals who were leaving AO were screened, with the selection of 683 drivers who met the inclusion criteria. Drivers answered a structured interview, were breathalyzed, and had their saliva collected for drug screening. Prevalences were assessed using domain estimation and logistic regression models assessed covariates associated with substance use. Benzodiazepines 3.9% (SE 2.13) and cocaine 3.8% (SE 1.3) were the most frequently detected drugs in saliva. Among drivers who were going to drive, 11% had at least one drug identified by the saliva drug screening, 0.4% two, and 0.1% three drugs in addition to alcohol. In multivariable analyses, having a blood alcohol concentration (BAC)>0.06% was found to be associated with a 3.64 times (CI 95% 1.79-7.39) higher chance of drug detection, compared with interviewees with lower BACs. To drive under the influence of multiple substances is likely to be found in this setting, highlighting an association between harmful patterns of consume of alcohol and the misuse of other substances. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Genotoxic effect of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, Brazil, evaluated by Helix aspersa (Mueller, 1774)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ianistcki, M. [Laboratorio de Genetica Toxicologica, Department of Biology, ULBRA, Av. Farroupilha 8001, Pr. 14/Sala 218, Bairro Sao Jose, CEP 92425-900 Canoas, RS (Brazil); Dallarosa, J. [Laboratorio de Ecologia, UFRGS (Brazil); Sauer, C.; Teixeira, C.E. [Fundacao Estadual de Protecao Ambiental Henrique Luis Roessler, FEPAM, RS (Brazil); Silva, J. da, E-mail: juliana.silva@ulbra.b [Laboratorio de Genetica Toxicologica, Department of Biology, ULBRA, Av. Farroupilha 8001, Pr. 14/Sala 218, Bairro Sao Jose, CEP 92425-900 Canoas, RS (Brazil)

    2009-07-15

    The purpose of this study was to biomonitor metropolitan areas of Porto Alegre (Brazil) for PAHs associated with atmospheric particles and check their effects on the DNA of the land mollusk Helix aspersa. The sampling sites are located in an urban area with heavy traffic: (i) Canoas, (ii) Sapucaia do Sul, and (iii) FIERGS/Porto Alegre. The samples were collected during a continuous period of 24 hours during 15 days using Stacked Filter Units (SFU) on polycarbonate filters (two separated size fractions: PM{sub 10-2.5} and PM{sub <2.5}). The concentrations of 16 major PAHs were determined according to EPA. Comet assay on H. aspersa hemolymph cells was chosen for genotoxicity evaluation. This evaluation shows that, in general, the smaller PM-size fractions (PM{sub <2.5}) have the highest genotoxicity and contain higher concentrations of extractable organic matter. In addition, associations between chemical characteristics and PM carcinogenicity tend to be stronger for the smaller PM-size fractions. - DNA damage in H. aspersa exposed to atmospheric particulate in Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre demonstrated association with PAHs in the fine filter (PM{sub <2.5}).

  3. Uso de bebidas alcoólicas em postos de gasolina de Porto Alegre: estudo piloto Alcohol use on premises of gas stations of Porto Alegre, Brazil: pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel De Boni

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O uso de álcool é um forte preditor de acidentes de trânsito. Este artigo descreve a factibilidade e dados preliminares de um estudo que avalia a alcoolemia entre jovens que utilizam bebidas alcoólicas em estacionamentos de postos de gasolina de Porto Alegre (RS. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal, com amostra em alvo, estratificada por idade e gênero. Os dados foram coletados através de um questionário autopreenchido, e a alcoolemia foi estimada com uso de bafômetro. RESULTADOS: A taxa de recusa foi de 13,7%, e medida da alcoolemia acima de 0,06% foi encontrada em 35,5% (IC95% 24,3-47,9 da amostra. Aproximadamente 10% destes indivíduos (18% dos homens relatavam intenção de dirigir nas 2 horas subseqüentes à coleta. CONCLUSÃO: É discutida a potencial utilização deste tipo de dado, bem como a necessidade de novos estudos sobre uso de substâncias em motoristas brasileiros.INTRODUCTION: Alcohol use is a strong predictor of traffic accidents. This paper reports feasibility issues and preliminary data on blood alcohol concentration in youths who drink alcohol in gas stations of Porto Alegre, Brazil. METHOD: It used a cross-sectional design with a purposive sample stratified by age and gender. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire and blood alcohol concentration was estimated with breath alcohol analyzers. RESULTS: Refusal rate was 13.7% and blood alcohol concentration over 0.06% was found in 35.5% (95%CI 24.3-47.9 of the sample. Almost 10% of the subjects (18% of the males reported they would drive within 2 hours of the interview. CONCLUSION: The potential utilization of such measures is discussed, as well as the need for studies on substance use in young Brazilian drivers.

  4. Mutagenic activity of airborne particulate matter from the urban area of Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Maria Ferrão Vargas

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available The mutagenic activity of airborne particulate matter collected from three different sites within the urban area of Porto Alegre, Brazil, was investigated using a Salmonella/microsome assay. Samples were extracted by sonication, sequentially, with cyclohexane (CX, and dichloromethane (DCM, for a rough fractionation by polarity. The different fractions were tested for mutagenicity using Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98, with and without metabolic activation (S9 mix fraction, and TA98NR and TA98/1,8-DNP6, without metabolic activation. Mutagenic response was observed for frameshift strain TA98 in assays with and without metabolization for two sites (sites 2 and 3, which had considerable risk of environmental contamination by nonpolar (CX and/or moderately polar (DCM compounds. However, the values of revertants/m3 (rev/m3 were highest on the site subject to automobile exhaust (site 3 in assays without (9.56 rev/m3 and with metabolization (5.08 rev/m3. Maximum mutagenic activity was detected in the moderately polar fraction, decreasing after metabolization. Nevertheless, the nonpolar fractions (CX gave higher mutagenic activity in the presence of metabolization than in the absence of the S9 mix fraction. The responses observed for TA98NR and TA98/1,8-DNP6 strains suggest the activity of nitrocompounds.Foi investigada a atividade mutagênica de material particulado de amostras de ar coletadas em três diferentes locais dentro da área urbana da cidade de Porto Alegre, Brasil, através do ensaio Salmonella/microssoma. As amostras foram extraídas, em ultra-som, por fracionamento seqüencial de acordo com a polaridade, utilizando os solventes ciclohexano (CX e diclorometano (DCM. As diferentes frações foram testadas para mutagenicidade com as linhagens de Salmonella typhimurium TA98, em presença e ausência de ativação metabólica, e TA98NR e TA98/1,8-DNP6 em ausência de metabolização. Observou-se resposta mutagênica positiva, do tipo erro

  5. Manometria esofágica: limpeza e desinfecção do equipamento com glutaraldeído. Protocolo do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, RS Esophageal manometry: equipment cleaning and disinfection with glutaraldehyde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzana MÜLLER

    2001-10-01

    intended to prevent cross infections. As the endoscope the esophageal manometry catheters are considered as semicritical materials and must be free of microrganisms. Aim - To standardize the esophageal manometry materials cleaning and disinfection process to guarantee the safety of patients when reusing semicritical materials. It was based on international protocols and according to recommendations of the Hospital Infection Control Commission of the "Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre", Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Materials and Methods - Enzymatic detergent was used for catheter cleaning, followed by immersion with 2% glutaraldehyde solution during 20 minutes for high-level disinfection. The water reservatory was kept clean and dry to prevent microorganisms proliferation. Conclusions: The high level disinfection with 2% glutaraldehyde, preceded by enzymatic detergent cleaning, is a safe and simple technique that avoids cross infection in the esophageal manometry equipment. This care must be taken after each manometric procedure. The transducers must be resterilized in ethylene oxide. The professionals of this area must work in concordance with the Hospital Infection Control Commission, being acquainted with the country laws and regulations and keeping sterilizing process and materials updated.

  6. Cotidiano violento: oficinas de promoção em saúde mental em Porto Alegre Daily violence: a study of mental health promotion in Porto Alegre (RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela Meneghel

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado na cidade de Porto Alegre (RS e estudou famílias de baixa renda procedentes do bairro Partenon. A amostra de famílias foi selecionada pelo Conselho Tutelar da região, levando em conta tipos de infração perpetrada por algum integrante da família: pais abusivos, fuga de casa, uso de drogas, estupro e absenteísmo escolar de adolescentes. As famílias freqüentaram um grupo que se reuniu em nove encontros quinzenais, em horário noturno, durante os meses de agosto a dezembro de 1997. Nas oficinas usaram-se técnicas de pintura, música, fotografias e dramatização. Os pesquisadores reforçaram os aspectos sadios dessas famílias; colocaram limites nos comportamentos agressivos e ajudaram as pessoas a melhorar a auto-estima. Foram acompanhadas 11 famílias (33 pessoas. Destas, três participaram apenas do primeiro encontro, cinco famílias mostraram melhoras no final do processo e três famílias não puderam ser ajudadas. Acredita-se que grupos como esses podem ser úteis no manejo da violência doméstica.This work was carried out in the city of Porto Alegre (Rio Grande do Sul and studied low-income families from Partenon district. The families sample was selected by a local Children and Teenager Council, taking into account some kind of offense they have committed such as: intra-family violence, adolescents' runaway, drug addiction, school absenteeism and rape. The families attended a group during nine fortnight evening meetings, from August to September 1997. Paintings, music, photos and drama were used in the workshops. Researches improved families' healthy aspects; introduced limits on violent behavior and helped people to improve their self-esteem. Eleven families were followed (33 people. Three families attended only the first meeting; five families felt better at the end of the process and three could not be helped. Researchers believe that groups like this could be helpful to cope with domestic violence.

  7. Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera in native and reforested areas in Rancho Alegre, Paraná, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Helena Gallo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Generally, natural environments have been transformed into small forest remnants, with the consequent habitat loss and species extinction. The North Paraná State is not an exception, since only 2 to 4% of the original ecosystem occurs in small fragments of Stational Semidecidual Forest. We studied the species richness and abundance of bats in two forest fragments from the Fazenda Congonhas, in Rancho Alegre city, Paraná State, Brazil. Four samplings were undertaken in a legally protected native area (107.8ha and in a reforested area (11.8ha between April 2007 and March 2008. Samplings began at nightfall and lasted six hours, during two consecutive nights in each location. The individuals were captured using eight mist nets, with the same capture effort in both environments. A total of 397 individuals, 14 species and 10 genera were captured in the native area; while in the reforested area, 105 individuals, six species and four genera. Artibeus lituratus was the most common species in both fragments (n=328, 65.3%, followed by Artibeus fimbriatus (n=44, 8.8% and Artibeus jamaicensis (n=30, 6.0%. Other species including Platyrrhinus lineatus, Carollia perspicillata, Sturnira lilium, Chrotopterus auritus, Desmodus rotundus, Michronycteris megalotis, Phyllostomus hastatus, Phyllostomus discolor, Myoti levis, Myotis nigricans and Lasiurus blossevillii, accounted for 19.9% of the captures. The native area presented higher values of species richness (S=14 and diversity (H’=1.4802 in comparison to the reforested area (S=6, H’=0.57015. The t-test evidenced a significant difference between diversity among the sites (t=7.1075. Chao 1 index indicated that the sampling effort recorded approximately 78% from the total species richness for the native area and 75% for the reforested area. Therefore, the preservation of the forest fragment is essential since it provides habitat for a diverse community of bats. Forest management and reforestation actions may

  8. Mortality and cancer incident among residents in an area with a geological occurrence of uranium: the municipality of Monte Alegre, PA, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Melo, Leticia Rodrigues

    2009-04-01

    The municipality of Monte Alegre, located in the Amazonian State of Para, Brazil, presents scattered areas with increased levels of natural radiation due to uranium rocks. The objectives of this dissertation were: to evaluate the mortality trend among Monte Alegre residents, and to compare it with that observed in neighbor municipalities (Alenquer and Prainha) without natural radiation sources; and to determine the impact of cancer distribution either in Monte Alegre or control counties population, taking into account their estimates of cancer incidence and mortality. The dissertation was organized in two papers. The first one aimed to evaluate the mortality trend for all causes of death, cancer, and unknown causes of death occurred between 1981-2005. Analyzed data was provided by the Brazilian National Mortality Information System (SIM), being the general population of the State of Para used as reference. In the second paper, cancer mortality risks at selected sites were ascertained using standardized mortality ratios (SMR) and mortality odds ratios (MOR). Additionally, cancer mortality risk ratios of Monte Alegre and control counties were obtained towards the ratio between SMRs of selected cancer sites in both areas. Three different sources of data were used to retrieve all cancer cases in the studied area, and therefore, to estimate cancer incidence in the studied populations: the diagnosed cancer cases at the regional reference centers for oncological care settled in Santarem, Belem and Manaus; the cancer-related hospitalization authorization records obtained at the Brazilian National Health System (SUS) registries; and primary data of cancer reported by local residents at a population-based health survey conducted by our research team in 2007-2008. A declining trend for all causes of death mortality in Monte Alegre general population, as well as for the unknown causes of death, was observed along the studied time series for both gender. Cancer mortality trend

  9. Análise da forma de descarte de medicamentos por usuários de uma Unidade de Saúde no município de Porto Alegre/RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gelson Antonio IOB

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Não há em nosso país uma normatização que regulamente o descarte de medicamentos domiciliares. Em vista disso, realizou-se um estudo quantitativo, contemporâneo, observacional, realizado por meio da aplicação de um questioná- rio estruturado objetivando analisar a forma mais comum de descarte de medicamentos por usuários da Unidade de Saúde Parque dos Maias (USPM do Grupo Hospitalar Conceição (GHC, localizada no município de Porto Alegre/ RS. O estudo incluiu 238 moradores, com erro aceitável de 5% e um nível de confiança de 95%. Em relação à análise da população estudada observou-se que 97,9% relataram que possuem medicamentos em suas residências; 86,6% nunca receberam orientação de como descartar medicamentos; 60% descartam no meio ambiente os medicamentos vencidos encontrados nos domicílios. A investigação estatística realizada pelo teste de Qui-quadrado para as variáveis analisadas não apresentou associação estatisticamente significativa entre escolaridade e renda com boa parte das ações de descarte de medicamentos pesquisadas. Constatou-se que medidas efetivas deveriam ser melhor organizadas para diminuir e regulamentar a geração e o destino dos medicamentos impróprios para o consumo presentes nas residências, minimizando assim danos ao meio ambiente e a saúde pública.

  10. Agravos clínicos atendidos pelo Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência (SAMU de Porto Alegre - RS Agravios clínicos atendidos por el Servicio de Atención Móvil de Urgencia (SAMU de Porto Alegre - RS Conditions treated in the Mobile Medical Emergency Services in Porto Alegre - RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giselda Quintana Marques

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar os agravos clínicos atendidos pelo Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência (SAMU, de Porto Alegre, no período de janeiro a junho de 2008. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, descritivo, exploratório. Utilizaram-se dados do sistema de informações do SAMU que foram transportados para o Programa Excel. O tratamento e análise dos dados foram descritivos. RESULTADOS: Os agravos neurológicos, cardiovasculares, respiratórios, digestivos e metabólicos foram os mais prevalentes, e a maioria ocorreu na faixa etária de 41-60 anos. Os hospitais públicos e unidades de pronto-atendimento foram as principais portas de entrada dos pacientes atendidos pelo SAMU. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados podem contribuir para uma melhor organização do serviço e apontam necessidades de qualificação do atendimento de enfermagem que tem participação decisiva no cuidado ao paciente.OBJETIVO: Caracterizar los agravios clínicos atendidos por el Servicio de Atención Móvil de Urgencia (SAMU, de Porto Alegre, en el período de enero a junio del 2008. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, descriptivo, exploratorio. Se utilizaron datos del sistema de informaciones del SAMU que fueron pasados al Programa Excel. El tratamiento y análisis de los datos fueron descriptivos. RESULTADOS: Los agravios neurológicos, cardiovasculares, respiratorios, digestivos y metabólicos fueron los más prevalentes, y la mayoría ocurrió en el grupo etáreo de 41-60 años. Los hospitales públicos y unidades de pronta-atención fueron las principales puertas de entrada de los pacientes atendidos por el SAMU. CONCLUSION: Los resultados pueden contribuir para una mejor organización del servicio y señalan necesidades de calificación de la atención de enfermería que tiene participación decisiva en el cuidado al paciente.OBJECTIVE: To characterize the conditions treated in the Mobile Medical Emergency Services (SAMU in Porto Alegre, from January to June 2008. METHODS: A

  11. GESTÃO DE RESÍDUOS SÓLIDOS NA CONSTRUTORA MELNICK – PORTO ALEGRE - RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Naime

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available O setor da construção civil, envolvendo a construção de obras, representa a atividade com maiores impactos quantitativos e qualitativos sobre o meio ambiente. A partir de observações e estudos efetuados em canteiros de obras e no restante da cadeia da construção civil, foi proposto e implantado um plano para a Construtora Melnick de Porto Alegre, com uma abordagem integrada, aplicando o gerenciamento ambiental integrado (GAI. Este método engloba três atributos genéricos fundamentados em 3 grupos: No primeiro grupo, denominado Categoria de Iniciação e Análise, são identificados os aspectos legais e os recursos necessários, sendo definido o plano de ação e as campanhas de conscientização. No segundo grupo, chamado categoria de operação, são reunidos os recursos financeiros, técnicos e humanos para que o plano de ação proposto seja eficiente e operacional. No terceiro grupo, denominado de categoria de resultantes, são referidas aplicações de processos durante toda a operação, sendo definidos indicadores e Procedimentos Operacionais Padrão (POPs. Os resultados esperados são a elaboração de processos uniformes, treinamento de pessoal e relatórios finais padronizados das operações. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Construção civil. Gestão. Resíduos sólidos.

  12. Leucemia mielóide aguda: o olhar dos anos 2000 no Serviço de Hematologia do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre-RS Acute myeloid leukemia from the year 2000 point of view Hematology Service - Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre-RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosane I. Bittencourt

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A leucemia mielóide aguda (LMA representa uma preocupação para os especialistas, porque perfaz um percentual alto das leucemias no adulto e o sucesso terapêutico ainda é insatisfatório. A partir do ano 2000, o Serviço de Hematologia do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre definiu estratégias para diagnóstico, tratamento e seguimento das LMAs, de acordo com o subtipo FAB, idade, citogenética e performance status (ECOG. Todos os casos de LMA "de novo"não promielocítica, em adultos (15 a 65 anos foram acompanhados prospectivamente, desde outubro de 2001, data da implantação do protocolo c,ompreendendo três fases de tratamento: indução com o tradicional "7+3", citarabina 100 mg/m²/dia em infusão contínua em 7d, e daunorrubicina 60 mg/m²/dia em 3d e citarabina intratecal no D1 nas LMA M4 e M5. Após a recuperação medular, segue a consolidação idêntica à indução e posteriormente a intensificação com dois ou três ciclos de altas doses de citarabina 6 g/m²/dia por três dias. Foram diagnosticados, entre outubro/01 e dezembro/05, 69 pacientes portadores de LMA e destes, 39 com LMA "de novo"e idade entre 15 e 65 anos. Neste grupo foram analisadas a taxa de remissão, a taxa de recaída, a refratariedade e o tempo de sobrevida global. No final da observação foram encontrados: a taxa de indução de remissão 75%; aconteceram 12 (40% recaídas, 7 (19% foram refratários ao tratamento. A sobrevida global foi 37% em 56 meses, representando um incremento aos resultados obtidos no Serviço na década passada.Acute myeloid leukemia (AML is still a concern for hematologists as it represents a significant percentage of adult leukemias and the therapeutic success rates are unsatisfactory. In 2000, the Hematology Department of Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre defined strategies for the diagnosis, treatment and follow up of AML patients according to the FAB subtype classification, age, cytogenetic tests and performance status

  13. Analysis of the work of air traffic controllers of the approach control area (APP) of Porto Alegre, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas, C V; Guimarães, L B de M; Sant'Anna, A M O

    2012-01-01

    This article presents a study on the activities of the air traffic controllers of the Approach Control Area (APP) of Porto Alegre, Brazil, in different real scenarios. Based on interviews, questionnaires and the analysis of film of real scenes, the following were identified and analyzed: i) the perceptions of risk and complexity of the different air traffic scenes observed; ii) the cognitive factors (knowledge, strategy and attention dynamics) involved in the task and iii) the perception of the controller's workload. The results showed that the task complexity depends on the weather conditions, the number and type of aircraft in observation and that the controllers perceive the scenes in a similar way irrespective of their time in the profession and the type of control (radar or coordination). Attention is the cognitive factor with the greatest impact on the work and mental demand has the greatest impact on workload followed by time demand. The literature on the controllers work in Brazil is scarce and, therefore, this study aimed to contribute to the understanding of the work in one APP in order to promote future changes in the very problematic Brazilian air traffic system.

  14. Analysis of the thermal behaviour of a low cost, single-family, more sustainable house in Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grigoletti, Giane [Departamento de Arquitetura e Urbanismo, UFSM, Santa Maria, RS (Brazil); Nucleo Orientado para a Inovacao da Edificacao, UFRGS, Porto Alegre (Brazil); Sattler, Miguel A.; Morello, Alessandro [Nucleo Orientado para a Inovacao da Edificacao, UFRGS, Porto Alegre (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    Efforts have been made in Brazil to improve the thermal performance of low-cost buildings. Since 1997 studies on low-cost housing have been developed by Nucleo Orientado para a Inovacao da Edificacao, the construction sector of the Engineering College of the Rio Grande do Sul University, Brazil. In 2000 a prototype of a low-cost house was built on the university campus. This prototype has undergone several evaluations in an attempt to assess its thermal and environmental performance, like: energy consumption, rainwater harvesting, use of sustainably managed wood for window frames and doors, besides a detailed accounting of overall costs. The thermal performance of the house was monitored, by recording outdoor and indoor air temperatures and relative humidity, over the period of whole year. A brief appraisal of such results, as well as the annual heating and cooling degree-hours are presented. Daily swings in outdoor are a common climatic event in Porto Alegre and the building response to daily temperature swings, greater than 10 K, and hot and cold spells are presented. The results show that the thermal performance of the prototype is fairly satisfactory, considering the limitations of a low-cost house, when artificial heating and cooling is not affordable. (author)

  15. Entre Aldeia Kaingang ou Parque Natural: o processo de configuração de um conflito socioambiental na disputa pelo Morro do Osso, Porto Alegre, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Fuhr

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the socio-environmental conflicts around the logics of occupation at Morro do Osso (Bone’s Hill in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Disputes involving different types of appropriation, use and significance of this area have been motivating actions of quite heterogeneous institutions and social organizations. Since the late 70’s, environmentalists who were concerned about the growing urbanization mobilized to ensure the hill’s preservation, a process that culminated on the creation of Morro do Osso Natural Park. Ten years later, in 2004, Kaingang indigenous people began to claim the demarcation of an indigenous land at Morro do Osso on an area that overlaps the Park. Thus, two territorialities emerged and began to polarize the conflict: on the one hand, those who favor maintaining the Morro do Osso Natural Park institutionalization; on the other hand, efforts for the Topë pën Kaingang’s land recognition and demarcation. Therefore, precisely the resulting tensions and implications of this polarization will be discussed here in order to bring out part of the discursive arena and the consequences of this territorial dispute, that, to date, has been demonstrating nothing dialogical and no prospect of consensus agreement between the parties involved, following a logic of “winners and losers” to the outcome of the dispute.

  16. Os efeitos da carga tributária indireta e das políticas públicas agrícolas sobre os preços dos alimentos em Porto Alegre (RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibele Vasconcelos de Oliveira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, a vasta experiência e aptidão para os agronegócios geram reflexões sobre as implicações das políticas agrícolas e fiscais sobre a formação de preços dos alimentos e, por conseguinte, sobre a segurança alimentar. Destarte, o presente estudo visa avaliar o impacto da Política de Garantia de Preço Mínimos Agrícolas, do crédito rural e da carga tributária indireta sobre os preços dos principais alimentos da cesta básica de Porto Alegre (RS, Brasil. Para tanto, as estatísticas descritiva e inferencial foram empregadas na identificação de relações de causalidade entre as variáveis no período de janeiro/2005 a abril/2011. Observou-se que as regressões lineares múltiplas demonstraram significância estatística, com exceção das estimadas para os preços do café e farinha de trigo. Ainda, a oferta dos produtos amostrados tende a ser elástica, considerando-se o relacionamento positivo entre preços dos alimentos e as proxies dos subsídios públicos agrícolas. Percebeu-se que variações na carga tributária indireta implicam em variações no mesmo sentido no preço do arroz, feijão, leite, óleo e pão. Por fim, considerando-se o grau moderado de associação linear entre as variáveis explanatórias e os preços dos alimentos, sugere-se que variações nestes podem ser também explicadas por fatores relacionados ao processo produtivo e concorrencial.In Brazil, the vast experience and ability for agribusiness generate reflections regarding implications of fiscal and agricultural policies on the food pricing and, consequently, on food security. Thus, this study aims to evaluate the impact of the Minimum Price Policy for Agriculture, rural credit and indirect taxes on prices of some of the more important food from the Food Basket of Porto Alegre (RS, Brazil. To this end, descriptive and inferential statistics were used to identify causal relationships between variables in the period from January/2005 to April

  17. SOIL VARIABILITY IN DIFFERENT LANDSCAPE POSITIONS IN THE PORTO ALEGRE BOTANICAL GARDEN, SOUTHERN BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Fernando da Silva

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTKnowledge of soil characteristics in areas where activities related to the environment are developed, such as Porto Alegre Botanical Garden (JB-PoA, is a fundamental condition for the sustainable use of this natural resource. The objective of this study was to characterize, classify and evaluate some issues about soil formation in Porto Alegre Botanical Garden, as well as relate their distribution on the landscape according to environmental characteristics. For the morphological description and collecting samples four profiles were selected (P1 to P4, located in the summit-shoulder transition, backslope, footslope and toeslope, respectively. Granulometric distribution of the P1 and P3 profiles indicated sharp textural gradient, with presence of textural and "plânico" B horizons, respectively, according to Brazilian System of Soil Classification. There is predominance of low values of pH, and low base saturation, with exception of P4, indicating probable deposition of solution material at this area. The Fed/Fes relationship was greater in the profile located in the summit-shoulder transition (P1, indicating higher weathering. The Feo/Fed relationship increased in P3 and P4 profiles, indicating greater participation of iron oxides of low crystallinity in reducing environment. The occurrence of some pedogenic processes may be inferred, like lessivage in P1 (Ultic Hapludalf, due to clay skins and higher values of fine clay:total clay relationship in subsurface; ferrolysis and gleization, by low pH value and high Feo/Fed relationship in E and EB horizons of P3 (Oxyaquic Hapludalf, being the last also present in P4 (Humaqueptic Endoaquent, indicating gleization occurrence.

  18. Análise descritiva dos pacientes com fibrose cística em acompanhamento na Unidade de Pneumologia Pediátrica de um hospital universitário em Porto Alegre-RS =Descriptive analysis of cystic fibrosis patients followed by the Pediatric Pulmonology Unit of a university hospital in Porto Alegre-RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chakr, Valentina Coutinho Baldoto Gava et al.

    2006-01-01

    worse values for forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1. The pancreatic insufficiency group (84 versus 112%; p = 0,005 and the patients colonized by P. aeruginosa (75 versus 85%; p = 0,006 had lower pulmonary function parameters. Conclusions: The data from our study show that this group of patients presents in accordance with data available from literature, considering the analysed features of the disease. However, there is a marked exception in the time of diagnosis, which is still very late in Brazil.

  19. Prevalência de CAGE positivo entre estudantes de segundo grau de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, 1994 Prevalence of CAGE-positive secondary school students in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 1994

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarissa C. Trois

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo objetiva descrever a prevalência de positividade do teste CAGE entre estudantes de terceiro ano do segundo grau de Porto Alegre, RS, em 1994. A amostra foi composta por 1.171 estudantes, 598 (51% procedentes de escolas públicas e 573 (49% de escolas particulares. Encontrou-se referência de consumo prévio de bebidas alcoólicas de 93%, com maior prevalência entre os estudantes do sexo masculino (pThis study aims to describe the prevalence of CAGE-positive third-year high school students in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, in 1994. The sample consisted of 1,171 students: 598 (51% from public and 573 (49% from private schools. We found reference to previous alcoholic beverage consumption in 93% of the interviewees. The highest prevalence was among male students (p<0.02 and students from private schools (p<0.03. Half of the students reported weekly consumption, usually when going to parties (60% and bars (17%. CAGE positiveness prevalence was 8.3% overall and 11% among males (p<0.02. When variables like gender, age, and socioeconomic status were controlled, there was no statistically significant difference between the kind of school and CAGE status.

  20. Renal tumors: evaluation of prognostic factors in 98 cases from a reference hospital in Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Medeiros Souza de Freitas

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC is an aggressive disease worldwide. Objective: Study traditional prognostic factors associated with pathological reports and the novel markers survivin and B7-H1 by immunohistochemistry. Methods: In a reference hospital of Porto Alegre, Brazil, we conducted a cross-sectional study of RCC in patients who underwent radical nephrectomy between 2006 and 2009. We selected those who were diagnosed with the most common histologic subtypes: clear cell and papillary RCC. We retrospectively reviewed pathological data to determine traditional prognostic factors, like size, presence of coagulative necrosis, Fuhrman grade and tumor-node metastasis (TNM system. Besides, we performed an immunohistochemistry (IHC study with survivin and B7-H1. Results: Our sample had 98 cases, 90% of the cases were composed by clear cell histologic subtype, 73% were tumors classified as T1 and T2 in the TNM system, most were Fuhrman nuclear grade 2 or 3, and 70% were positive for necrosis. In relation to the new prognostic markers, we found 50 cases positive to survivin and 38 to B7-H1. In this investigation of traditional prognostic markers and new markers we observed that only necrosis was associated with positive results of biomarkers. < 0.001. Conclusion: This finding confirms previous studies that necrosis is an important factor to consider in the prognosis of RCC.

  1. Estimated mental retardation and school dropout in a sample of students from state public schools in Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tramontina Silzá

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between estimated Mental Retardation (MR and school dropout in a sample of students of the third and fourth grades at state schools in Porto Alegre, the capital of the southernmost state of Brazil. METHOD: In this case - control study, students that dropped out from schools (n=44 and a control group who continued attending schools (n=44 had their intelligence quotient (IQ determined by the vocabulary and cubes subtests of the Wescheler Intelligence Scale fraction three-quarters third edition (WISCfraction three-quartersIII. Students with IQ lower than 70 were considered as potential cases of MR. Other prevalent mental disorders in this age range were assessed in both groups using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for Schoolfraction three-quarters Age Children, Epidemiological Version (K-SADS-E. RESULTS: The prevalence of potential MR was significantly higher in the dropped out group than in the control group (p<0.001. Odds ratio for school dropout was significantly higher in the presence of MR even after controlling for potentially confounding factors (age, conduct disorder, grade repetition, family structure and income (p<0.01. CONCLUSION: Children with IQ lower than 70 (potential MR were at higher risk for school dropout. These children need to be identified at school and specific educational strategies should be implemented to assure their inclusion in the learning process.

  2. Homicides among teenagers in the city of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: vulnerability, susceptibility, and gender cultures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sant'Anna Ana Rosária

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors present a quantitative and qualitative study on homicides among teenagers in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, based on a historical series during the 1990s and the life and death histories in this group, with a special focus on 1997. In that year there were 68 homicides in which the victims were from 10 to 19 years old. Of the 68, 62 were males and only 6 females, or a ratio of 10:1, showing that young males are more vulnerable and susceptible to being murdered. The data indicate that cause of death is influenced by gender culture and that homicides are based on power and status symbols characterizing a kind of virility. This expression of virility in the shaping of violence also appears in the domination of the female body observed in homicides with young women as the victims. The life and death histories of these teenagers highlight the pertinence of the gender-based analysis as a theoretical-analytical category, in addition to analyses considering socioeconomic aspects and social inequity.

  3. Pentatomids associated with different forest species in Itaara, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ervandil Corrêa Costa

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine qualitatively and quantitatively the pentatomid fauna associated with the canopy of different native species during the period from September 2005 to September 2006. Insects were collected from among nine botanical species: Gochnatia polymorpha (Less. (cambará, Eugenia uniflora Berg. (pitangueira, Acca selowiana (Berg Burret (goiaba-da-serra, Psidium cattleianum Sabine (araçá, Baccharis spp., Solanaum mauritianum Scop. (fumo-bravo, Micanea cinerascens Miq. (passiquinho, Calliandra brevipes Bhent. (caliandra, and Schinus molle L. (aroeira located at Rodolfo da Costa Dam in Itaara, RS, Brazil. Samples were taken every two weeks with a conical funnel made of tin plate (2mm, 70cm in diameter at the rim and 63cm in height. One sample per botanical species for each sampling date was taken, by shaking the branches, ten times over the funnel. Samples were sent to the Entomology Laboratory of the Crop Protection Department of the Federal University of Santa Maria, where the material was analyzed. A total of nine Pentatomidae species were identified. Edessa rufomarginata (De Geer, 1773 was the species of highest ocurrence followed by Thyanta humilis (Bergroth, 1891. The botanical species S. mauritianum presented the greatest number of Pentatomidae species, with an occurrence of 26.9%.

  4. Water quality assessment of the Sinos River – RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Steffens

    Full Text Available Worldwide environmental pollution is increasing at the same rate as social and economic development. This growth, however, is disorganized and leads to increased degradation of water resources. Water, which was once considered inexhaustible, has become the focus of environmental concerns because it is essential for life and for many production processes. This article describes monitoring of the water quality at three points along the Sinos River (RS, Brazil, one in each of the upper, middle and lower stretches. The points were sampled in 2013 and again in 2014. The water samples were analyzed to determine the following physical and chemical parameters plus genotoxicity to fish: metals (Cr, Fe, Al, chemical oxygen demand, biochemical oxygen demand, chlorides, conductivity, total suspended solids, total phosphorous, total and fecal coliforms, pH, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, total Kjeldahl nitrogen nitrate and ammoniacal nitrogen. Genotoxicity was tested by exposing individuals of the species Astyanax jacuhiensis to water samples and then comparing them with a control group exposed to water from the public water supply. The results confirmed the presence of substances with genotoxic potential at the sample points located in the middle and lower stretches of the river. The results for samples from the upper stretch, at P1, did not exhibit differences in relation to the control group. The physical and chemical analyses did not detect reductions in water quality in the lower stretch, as had been expected in view of the large volumes of domestic and industrial effluents discharged into this part of the river.

  5. Solar-Aligned Pictographs at the Paleoindian Site of Painel do Pilão along the Lower Amazon River at Monte Alegre, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Christopher Sean

    2016-01-01

    The archaeological sites near Monte Alegre, along Brazil's lower Amazon River, provide new information on the little-known activities and symbolism of South American Paleoindians toward the end of the Ice Age. While paleoindian sites like Monte Verde in Chile, or Guitarrero Cave in Peru, are located near the pacific coast, Monte Alegre lies much further inland, 680 km upriver from the mouth of the Amazon River and the Atlantic Coast. With excavated wood charcoal radiocarbon dated as early as 13,200 calibrated years ago, the hill-as a source of sandstone and quartz lithics-supplied early pioneers with adequate tools needed for colonizing the interior of the continent. Once there, they painted rock art on the landscape, which bears a record of the sun's horizon positions throughout the year. At just 2° south of the equator, Monte Alegre shows no overt seasonal changes beyond fluctuating rainfall amounts, unlike at higher latitudes where temperature, amount of daylight, foliage, and forms of precipitation markedly change. Near the equator, solar and stellar horizon sightings most visibly track the passage of time and seasonal cycles. However, horizons are often hidden behind high forest canopy throughout much of the Amazon Rainforest; but in the Monte Alegre hill ridges looming above the river, paleoindians could hike above the canopy to peer at the horizon, more effectively synchronizing their activities to ecological cycles. This research suggests that Monte Alegre paleoindians delimited the azimuthal range of the sun in a solar year with notational pictographs aligned to horizon sightings at Painel do Pilão, and leaving a painted grid of tally marks that might have served as a rudimentary early calendar. The broad-reaching implication for early Americans is that through the strategic placement of rock art, these ancient artists fostered predictive archaeorecording from which resources could be optimally extracted, ceremonial activities could be consistently

  6. Primary health care quality and hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions in the public health system in Porto Alegre, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Marcelo Rodrigues; Hauser, Lisiane; Prestes, Isaías Valente; Schmidt, Maria Inês; Duncan, Bruce Bartholow; Harzheim, Erno

    2016-06-01

    To investigate the relation of hospitalization for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSC) with the quality of public primary care health services in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Cohort study constructed by probabilistic record linkage performed from August 2006 to December 2011 in a population ≥18 years of age that attended public primary care health services. The Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCATool-Brazil) was used for evaluation of primary care services. Of 1200 subjects followed, 84 were hospitalized for primary care sensitive conditions. The main causes of ACSC hospital admissions were cardiovascular (40.5%) and respiratory (16.2%) diseases. The PCATool average score was 5.3, a level considerably below that considered to represent quality care. After adjustment through Cox proportional hazard modelling for covariates, >60 years of age [hazard ratio (HR): 1.13; P = 0.001), lesser education (HR: 0.66; P = 0.02), ethnicity other than white (HR: 1.77; P = 0.01) and physical inactivity (HR: 1.65; P = 0.04) predicted hospitalization, but higher quality of primary health care did not. Better quality of health care services, in a setting of overwhelmingly low quality services not adapted to the care of chronic conditions, did not influence the rate of avoidable hospitalizations, while social and demographic characteristics, especially non-white ethnicity and lesser schooling, indicate that social inequities play a predominant role in health outcomes. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  7. Seroprevalence of hepatitis A antibodies in a group of normal and Down Syndrome children in Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Targa Ferreira

    Full Text Available The high incidence of Hepatitis A and B in institutionalized patients with Down Syndrome (DS is not fully understood. Under poor hygienic conditions, immunological alterations might predispose individuals to these infections. Sixty three DS children between 1 and 12 years old living at home with their families were examined for anti-HAV and compared to age-matched controls (64 healthy children. This cross-sectional study was carried out from May, 1999, to April, 2000, at the Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre, southern Brazil. Groups were compared in terms of age, sex, skin color, and family income (> R$ 500 and < R$ 500/ month by the chi-square test, with Yates' correction and for the prevalence of anti-HAV (Fisher's exact test. In the DS group (n=63, the mean age was 4.4 ± 3.3 years, 94% of the patients were white and 51% were female. Family income was <= R$ 500/month in 40 cases (63%. In the control group (n=64, the mean age was 4.8 ± 2.7 years, 81% of the patients were white and 56% were female. Family income was <= R$ 500 in 20 patients (31%. DS children's families had a significantly lower income (P<0.0005. In the DS group there were 6 positive (9.5% anti-HAV cases, and all came from low-income families (less than R$ 500/ month. In the control group, 3 cases (4.7% were positive for anti-HAV (two were from a low-income family and one was from a higher income family. These differences were not significant. Our data indicate that Hepatitis A is not a special risk for mentally retarded DS outpatients, even in a developing country like Brazil.

  8. Seroprevalence of hepatitis A antibodies in a group of normal and Down Syndrome children in Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferreira Cristina Targa

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The high incidence of Hepatitis A and B in institutionalized patients with Down Syndrome (DS is not fully understood. Under poor hygienic conditions, immunological alterations might predispose individuals to these infections. Sixty three DS children between 1 and 12 years old living at home with their families were examined for anti-HAV and compared to age-matched controls (64 healthy children. This cross-sectional study was carried out from May, 1999, to April, 2000, at the Hospital de Clínicas of Porto Alegre, southern Brazil. Groups were compared in terms of age, sex, skin color, and family income (> R$ 500 and < R$ 500/ month by the chi-square test, with Yates' correction and for the prevalence of anti-HAV (Fisher's exact test. In the DS group (n=63, the mean age was 4.4 ± 3.3 years, 94% of the patients were white and 51% were female. Family income was <= R$ 500/month in 40 cases (63%. In the control group (n=64, the mean age was 4.8 ± 2.7 years, 81% of the patients were white and 56% were female. Family income was <= R$ 500 in 20 patients (31%. DS children's families had a significantly lower income (P<0.0005. In the DS group there were 6 positive (9.5% anti-HAV cases, and all came from low-income families (less than R$ 500/ month. In the control group, 3 cases (4.7% were positive for anti-HAV (two were from a low-income family and one was from a higher income family. These differences were not significant. Our data indicate that Hepatitis A is not a special risk for mentally retarded DS outpatients, even in a developing country like Brazil.

  9. Conditions of milk production of family farms located in the municipality of Alegre – ES, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Carvalho Nascimento Neta

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to assess the conditions and practices of production of raw milk used by farmers, as well as the conditions of storage and of the facilities and structures of the locations of the four collective cooling tanks, in the municipality of Alegre – ES. Data on sanitization procedures and physical structure of barns, source and treatment of water, hygiene practices and health status of milkers, udder cleaning and disinfection procedures and sanitary control of the herd was collected. The physical structure of the locations of the tanks was also assessed. The barns were ventilated, protected from moisture and had covers, and few had cemented floor and milking parlor. A low percentage of producers performed pre (21% and post (6% dipping procedures. Only 1/4 of the farmers used the mug test. All equipment and tools were washed after milking, but few farmers (5% used sanitizers and 94% of the farms used untreated water. Only 8% of the milkers had the habit of washing their hands before milking, and 9% of them were aware of IN 62 regulation of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply. None of the facilities had protection against the entrance of insects, rodents and environmental contaminants. They were poorly sized, did not allow the application of adequate sanitary measures and sanitary conditions were deficient. The high level of nonconformities regarding good manufacturing practices for milk production reinforced the need for the implementation of Good Agricultural Practices in rural farms for the purpose of obtaining milk produced according to the quality standards, preventing losses and ensuring the sustainability of dairy production in the region.

  10. A construção da identidade docente de professores de educação física no início da carreira : um estudo de caso etnográfico na rede municipal de ensino de Porto Alegre-RS

    OpenAIRE

    Victor Julierme Santos da Conceição

    2014-01-01

    Considerando que a cultura escolar apresenta importante papel na produção de características marcantes nos atores que nela constroem experiência, esta tese trata de compreender o processo de construção da identidade docente de professores de Educação Física em início de carreira, a partir das relações que estabelecem com a cultura escolar em duas escolas na Rede Municipal de Ensino de Porto Alegre - RS (RMEPOA). O problema de conhecimento orientador desta tese configura-se na seguinte questão...

  11. Violência sexual e sua prevalência em adolescentes de Porto Alegre, Brasil Sexual violence and its prevalence among adolescents, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a prevalência da exposição à violência sexual entre adolescentes estudantes de escolas estaduais. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas 52 escolas estaduais de Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil, com ensino fundamental completo, por meio de um processo de amostragem aleatória, estratificada de acordo com o tamanho das escolas. Foi selecionada, em cada escola, uma turma de oitava série por sorteio aleatório e foram incluídos todos os adolescentes presentes nas salas de aula que consentiram em participar do estudo. Foi utilizado o instrumento Triagem da Exposição de Crianças à Violência na Comunidade para identificar jovens que foram vítimas, testemunhas ou que conheciam vítimas de atos de violência sexual. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 1.193 adolescentes, representando 10,3% dos alunos matriculados na oitava série da rede estadual da cidade. Vinte e sete (2,3% adolescentes relataram ter sido vítimas de violência sexual, 54 (4,5% ter sido testemunhas de algum tipo de violência sexual e 332 (27,9% relataram conhecer alguém que tenha sido vítima de violência sexual. CONCLUSÕES: A exposição à violência sexual pelas três formas de contato relatadas mostrou-se freqüente entre os adolescentes estudados. São necessários estudos que abordem a violência sexual como um fenômeno social amplo, com múltiplos fatores associados, amparando estratégias comunitárias de prevenção e de tratamento.OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence o sexual violence among adolescents of public schools. METHODS: Fifty-two public elementary schools of Porto Alegre, Brazil, were selected through random sampling stratified by school size. An 8th grade class was selected in each school through simple random sampling and all adolescents attending the classes who agreed to participate were included in the study. The Screening Survey of Children's Exposure to Community Violence was used to identify adolescents who were victims, witnesses or knew

  12. Risk-Taking Behavior for HIV Acquisition during Pregnancy in Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nava Yeganeh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies suggest that acquisition of HIV-1 infection during pregnancy and breastfeeding is associated with a high risk of HIV mother-to-child transmission. This study evaluates risk factors associated with HIV acquisition during pregnancy in women delivering at a large metropolitan medical facility located in the south of Brazil. From February to August 2009, our group conducted a cross-sectional study assessing women’s risk for HIV acquisition by administering an oral survey to peripartum women. Of 2465 participants, 42% (n=1046 knew that partner had been tested for HIV. During pregnancy, 82% (n=2022 of participants never used condoms; yet 97% (n=2399 practiced vaginal sex. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that patients with more years of education, in a relationship for more than 1 year, and who knew their own HIV status were more likely to know their partners' HIV status (P<0.05. Those who were in relationship for more than 1 year and were married/living together were more likely to be comfortable discussing HIV testing with partners (P<0.05. In conclusion, women in Brazil are at risk of HIV-infection during pregnancy as they remain sexually active, often do not know their sexual partner’s HIV status, and have minimal condom use.

  13. Extraction of vanadium from campo Alegre de Lourdes (BA, Brazil) Fe-Ti-V ore by partial reduction/magnetic concentration/salt roasting/hot water leaching

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alcantara, E.M.; Ogasawara, T.; Silva, F.T. da; Fontes, E.F.

    1988-01-01

    A process under development at COPPE/UFRJ to rocover vanadium from a titaniferous magnetite type ore from Campo Alegre de Lourdes (Bahia, Brazil), throxgh magnetizing roasting/magnetic concentration/ salt roasting/hot water leaching, is described. The results of the experimental work carried cut up to present are in qualitative agrement with those of othar studies on salt roasting/water leaching of titaniferous magnetites. Is is discussed the existing relationship between the maximum percentags of vanadium extraction in the leaching and the salt roasting conditions. (author) [pt

  14. Stratigraphy of the Charqueadas Carboniferous basin, Santa Rita, RS, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendes Piccoli, A.E.; Holz, M.; Munaro, P.

    1985-01-01

    Sedimentological analyses of about 80 drill cores from the Charqueadas - Santa Rita Coal Field, west of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, were made. The Itarare Group is characterized by pelites of lacustrine origin and conglomerates and sandstones of alluvial fans, mainly in the north western region. A shallow lacustrine and paludal system characterize the Rio Bonito Formation, comprising coal seams and associated pelitic sediments, as well as some paraconglomerates and sandstone layers. The contact between these units is established by the colour of the pelites, differences in sedimentary textures, structures and palynological data. A marine transgression caused the sediments of the Rio Bonito Formation to be covered by coastal sandstones and pelites of the Palermo Formation, of tidal flat origin. Today, the coal layers and sediments have been eroded southward and slope gently to the north of the area.

  15. Evaluation of residual activity of solid waste generated in nuclear medicine services of Porto Alegre - Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xavier, Ana M.; Alabarse, Frederico Gil; Magalhaes, Maisa Haiidamus; Guerrero, Jesus Salvador Perez

    2008-01-01

    An experimental programme to estimate, with a better degree of accuracy, the activity that remains adsorbed in flasks and syringes used in Nuclear Medicine Services for the administration of radionuclides to patients submitted to diagnostic or therapy was conducted under the coordination of the Radioactive Waste Division of the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission. The adopted recommendation in Brazil to allow an expedite solid waste management in nuclear medicine facilities, up to the present, is to consider that 2% of the initial activity remains adsorbed in the solid waste, which easily allows the calculation of the storage time to achieve regulatory clearance levels by decay. This research evaluates 17 different kinds of radio pharmaceuticals and three radioisotopes: 99m Tc, 67 Ga and 201 Tl. Results obtained by means of a weighting method to estimate the residual mass in flasks show that the ratio of the mass of the liquid that remains in the solid waste to the mass of the empty flask is constant. This suggests that the residual activity depends on the initial activity concentration of radiopharmaceutical contained in each flask, as assumed by the regulatory body. Additionally, results obtained by determining the remaining activity in flasks, shortly after the injection of its radionuclides contents in patients, indicate that an average value for the residual activity of the order of 10% of the initial activity contained in the flasks or syringes can be adopted instead of the previously assumed 2%. It is suggested that the more conservative average value obtained in the present work for the activity that remains in flasks and syringes, that is, 10% of the initial activity, could be adopted to determine the decay storage time before the release of solid waste in the urban conventional land fill disposal system. (author)

  16. Circulações atmosféricas clássicas e não-clássicas na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre/RS

    OpenAIRE

    Flávio Wiegand

    2000-01-01

    O Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS), versão 3b, foi utilizado para simular o escoamento na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre (RMPA) para explicar a influência de circulações clássicas e não clássicas devido as proximidades do oceano e da Lagoa dos Patos, e da ilha de calor formada pelas cidades. O RAMS foi utilizado em um domínio tridimensional com duas grades sendo utilizadas, a grade mais grossa com resolução horizontal de 8 Km, e a grade mais fina com resolução horizontal de 2...

  17. Mortality and cancer incident among residents in an area with a geological occurrence of uranium: the municipality of Monte Alegre, PA, Brazil; Avaliacao da incidencia e mortalidade por cancer na populacao residente em regiao com anomalia geologica na ocorrencia de uranio: estudo de caso: Monte Alegre, PA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melo, Leticia Rodrigues

    2009-04-15

    The municipality of Monte Alegre, located in the Amazonian State of Para, Brazil, presents scattered areas with increased levels of natural radiation due to uranium rocks. The objectives of this dissertation were: to evaluate the mortality trend among Monte Alegre residents, and to compare it with that observed in neighbor municipalities (Alenquer and Prainha) without natural radiation sources; and to determine the impact of cancer distribution either in Monte Alegre or control counties population, taking into account their estimates of cancer incidence and mortality. The dissertation was organized in two papers. The first one aimed to evaluate the mortality trend for all causes of death, cancer, and unknown causes of death occurred between 1981-2005. Analyzed data was provided by the Brazilian National Mortality Information System (SIM), being the general population of the State of Para used as reference. In the second paper, cancer mortality risks at selected sites were ascertained using standardized mortality ratios (SMR) and mortality odds ratios (MOR). Additionally, cancer mortality risk ratios of Monte Alegre and control counties were obtained towards the ratio between SMRs of selected cancer sites in both areas. Three different sources of data were used to retrieve all cancer cases in the studied area, and therefore, to estimate cancer incidence in the studied populations: the diagnosed cancer cases at the regional reference centers for oncological care settled in Santarem, Belem and Manaus; the cancer-related hospitalization authorization records obtained at the Brazilian National Health System (SUS) registries; and primary data of cancer reported by local residents at a population-based health survey conducted by our research team in 2007-2008. A declining trend for all causes of death mortality in Monte Alegre general population, as well as for the unknown causes of death, was observed along the studied time series for both gender. Cancer mortality trend

  18. The Hemiptera type-material housed in the "Museu de Ciências Naturais, Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul" of Porto Alegre, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruschel, Tatiana Petersen; Guidoti, Marcus; Barcellos, Aline

    2013-01-01

    We provide a commented and referenced list on the type material deposited in the "Museu de Ciencias Naturais, Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul", Porto Alegre, Brazil. Geographic coordinates are available on a digital repository for free access. High-resolution images of the specimens are available under request.

  19. Application of water quality biological indices using diatoms as bioindicators in the Gravataí river, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SE. Salomoni

    Full Text Available The Gravataí river situated in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre has an area of approximately 2.020 km² and provides public water supply to about 500,000 inhabitants in 5 municipalities (latitude 29° 45'-30° 12' S; longitude 50° 27'-51° 12' W. The river basin has two regions with distinctive characteristics of occupation: the upper course shows intensive farming and the lower course presents urban and industrial uses. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the water quality in the Gravataí River (RS, Brazil by using physical, chemical and microbiological variables, and the water quality biological indices (WQBI formulated for southern Brazilian rivers based on epilithic diatom communities as indicators. For comparison purposes, a local WQBI, called the Gravataí WQBI, was also used where species were given new saprobic values (s and indicative values (vi according to their occurrence and abundance in the river, using multivariate analytical techniques. The biological samples were taken every three months at six stations along the Gravataí River between September 2000 and August 2002. The results of the physical and chemical analyses of the water indicated a pollution gradient down the river, from the headwaters to the mouth, detected mainly by considering a significant decrease in the concentration of dissolved oxygen and turbidity, as well as a significant increase in BOD5, total nitrogen, ortho-phosphate and thermotolerant coliforms. Comparing the results obtained, differences were found regarding the predominant pollution levels as higher in the Gravataí WQBI, although both corroborated a tendency for the contamination gradient to increase from the headwaters to the mouth. Given the local anthropic changes, it is of great importance to continue the study of diatom species tolerance to organic pollution and eutrophication in different lotic systems of the region.

  20. Pulmonary tuberculosis treatment regimen recommended by the Brazilian National Ministry of Health: predictors of treatment noncompliance in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campani, Simone Teresinha Aloise; Moreira, José da Silva; Tietbohel, Carlos Nunes

    2011-01-01

    To determine the predictors of noncompliance with the pulmonary tuberculosis treatment regimen recommended by the Brazilian National Ministry of Health, in previously treatment-naïve patients with active tuberculosis treated in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. This was a case-control study involving six referral primary health care clinics for tuberculosis in Porto Alegre. We reviewed the medical charts of all previously treatment-naïve patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis who were noncompliant with the treatment between 2004 and 2006. Those were paired with other patients having similar characteristics and having been cured. We conducted univariate and multivariate analyses. Of the 2,098 patients included, 218 (10.4%) became noncompliant with the treatment. In the multivariate analysis, the factors most strongly associated with treatment noncompliance were being an alcoholic (with or without concomitant use of illicit drugs), being HIV-infected, not residing with family members, and having a low level of education. In the univariate analysis, treatment noncompliance was also significantly associated with being younger and with being non-White. Gender was not significantly associated with treatment noncompliance; nor was the occurrence of adverse effects of the drugs included in the regimen. In the population studied, being an alcoholic, being HIV-infected, and not residing with family members were the major predictors of noncompliance with treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis among previously treatment-naïve patients.

  1. Triagem neonatal para hemoglobinopatias: um estudo piloto em Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Neonatal screening for hemoglobinopathies: a pilot study in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liane Esteves Daudt

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo, tem como o objetivo determinar a freqüência das hemoglobinopatias em neonatos, que realizaram a coleta para o Teste de Triagem Neonatal para Distúrbios Metabólicos no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. O método utilizado para a determinação das variantes da hemoglobina, foi eletroforese por focalização isoelétrica em amostra de sangue total, coletadas em papel filtro por punção do calcanhar. Para confirmação diagnóstica dos casos alterados, foram realizadas eletroforeses das hemoglobinas em acetato de celulose com pH 8,6 e em citrato de ágar com pH 6,2, em amostra de sangue total dos neonatos e dos seus progenitores. Foram analisados, 1.615 indivíduos, e identificada a presença da hemoglobina S em 20 amostras e da hemoglobina C em seis amostras. Esses valores, correspondem a uma freqüência de 1,2% para o gene da anemia falciforme e 0,4% para o gene da doença de hemoglobina C, independente da raça ou ascendência. Esses dados, sugerem que a inclusão da triagem neonatal universal para hemoglobinopatias nos projetos já implementados para fenilcetonúria e hipotireoidismo congênito, apresenta vantagens e deve ser considerada pelos programas de saúde.This study was conducted to establish the frequency of hemoglobinopathies among newborns undergoing screening tests for metabolic diseases at the University Hospital (Hospital de Clínicas in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Testing for abnormal hemoglobins was performed by isoelectric focusing electrophoresis on agarose gel with blood obtained by heel stick and applied to filter paper. For confirmatory testing of abnormal neonatal screening, a venopuncture blood sample was obtained from the infant and parents and then submitted to hemoglobin electrophoresis on cellulose acetate at pH 8.6 and citrate agar at pH 6.2. A total of 1,615 subjects were studied: 20 samples showed the Hb S pattern and six samples showed Hb C. Thus, frequency of the sickle cell

  2. Magnetic concentration of iron-titanium ore with vanadium concentrate from campo Alegre de Lourdes - Bahia, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Delgado, O.; Silva, F.T. da; Ogasawara, T.; Soares, G.F.

    1988-01-01

    The feasibility studies of magnetic concentration of the Campo Alegre de Lourdes ore were carried out, trying to obtain a maximum recovery of vanadium. As a consequence of the complex nature of the ore, mainly due to the presence of ilmenite as a exolutions in the interior of hematite/martite particles, it was not possible to separate the hematite-ilmenite eficiently, wich would be necessary for obtaining a high grade vanadium concentrate with low titanium content. (author) [pt

  3. Evaluation of 222Rn concentration of the internal and external environments of residences at Monte Alegre municipality, Para, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Melo, Vicente de Paula

    1999-01-01

    The human being is constantly exposed to the natural radioactivity in the environment where he lives. This radioactivity comes mainly from materials present in the terrestrial crust that possess in their constitution chemical elements belonging to the radioactive families of uranium and thorium. The use of such materials for the construction of houses constitutes an important exposure form to the natural radiation, above all to the radioactive gas 222 Rn, that it is exhaled from them. The Brazilian soil is composed, among other, of minerals that contain appreciable concentrations of these elements. The inhabitants of Monte Alegre town in Para, located at 2 deg 00' 24,9 'S ; 54 deg 04 ' 13,5 W , used in the construction of their houses stones obtained from an area 20 km distant of Monte Alegre, denominated Ingles de Souza, located at 01 deg 56' 4 0,1 S; 54 deg 12 149,7 W, where a small residential village, denominated National Agricultural Colony of Para (CANP), is located. The objective of this work was to evaluate the indoor concentration of 222 Rn in the residences of Monte Alegre and CANP. Determinations of the 238 U and 226 Ra concentrations, measurements of the radon flux in samples of stones and soils of the two regions, as well as measurements to the gamma dose close of the soil and inside the residences, were also carried out. The average results of the radon concentration in the air of the investigated residences did not exceed the limits of 200 Bq. m 3 (action level) and 600 Bq. m 3 (intervention level) recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). The concentrations of natural radionuclides and the radon flux determined at the village showed values 17 times higher than those found at the urban area of Monte Alegre, while the average indoor gamma dose rate in the village residences was 0.86 mSv/a. (author)

  4. Comparação da aplicação da remediação em areas degradadas e da implantação de sistemas integrados nas cidades de Campinas (SP), Americana (SP), Porto Alegre (RS) e Caxias do Sul (RS)

    OpenAIRE

    Rodolfo Sergio Ferruccio

    1997-01-01

    Resumo: Este estudo visa a comparação das metodologias utilizadas nos projetos, nas construções e nos sistemas operacionais de aterros acelerados, que possibilitaram a remediação de áreas degradadas pelo método da biorremediação, e implantação de sistemas integrados, nas cidades de Campinas (SP), Americana (SP), Porto Alegre (RS) e Caxias do Sul (RS). Pretende-se avaliar a evolução técnica em termos de projeto, construção, e operação do aterro sanitário acelerado e sistema integrado, através ...

  5. Dressing up (in stories: fragments from the patrimonialisation process of the clothing collection from the Traditionalist Gaucho Movement (Movimento Tradicionalista Gaúcho, MTG in Porto Alegre - RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Muller

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This text presents stories about the patrimonialisation process of the clothing collection from the Traditionalist Gaucho Movement (Movimento Tradicionalista Gaúcho, MTG, located in the city of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. The collection is described by the interlocutors who narrate their daily experiences as participants in the process. This set of information weaves a form of storytelling, whose intention is not to rebuild the narratives in a linear and chronological way, but in a way that is plural, multiple and fragmented. Still, the research is based on written sources, such as documents, photographic records and field Journals accessed during the empirical research conducted in the years 2014 and 2015. By highlighting the memories, the knowledge and the trajectories from the interlocutors at the collection, it was possible to understand that the clothing is a part of who they are and it sets out to open their ideals and wills

  6. Implementation of procedures of radiological protection in the section of Radiology of the emergency Hospital of Porto Alegre-Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lorenzini, F.; Rizzati, M.R. [Emergency Hospital of Porto Alegre, HPS (Brazil)

    1998-12-31

    The Emergency Hospital of Porto Alegre (HPS) is one of the main reference centers for the population in the attendance of medical emergencies/urgencies. The Section of Radiology, which informs the patients clinical conditions based on radiological images, is the most demanded section of the hospital (81.43 % of the medical cases request radiological exams) in the aid of the diagnosis, in which excels for the search of the quality in the health branch. In this work are presented the procedures to have been implemented about radiological protection according to effective norm, methods, ways and conditions to satisfy the radiation workers and the internal and external patients. (Author)

  7. Implementation of procedures of radiological protection in the section of Radiology of the emergency Hospital of Porto Alegre-Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lorenzini, F.; Rizzati, M.R.

    1998-01-01

    The Emergency Hospital of Porto Alegre (HPS) is one of the main reference centers for the population in the attendance of medical emergencies/urgencies. The Section of Radiology, which informs the patients clinical conditions based on radiological images, is the most demanded section of the hospital (81.43 % of the medical cases request radiological exams) in the aid of the diagnosis, in which excels for the search of the quality in the health branch. In this work are presented the procedures to have been implemented about radiological protection according to effective norm, methods, ways and conditions to satisfy the radiation workers and the internal and external patients. (Author)

  8. Effect of a health education program in the oral health profile of preschool children: an experience in the public network of Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Stürmer Badalott

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To estimate the effect of health promotion activities developed in a child education school, on the children’s oral health profile, relating oral manifestations to social, sanitary and feeding factors. Methods: Interventional, longitudinal and describing quantitative work, accomplished with 41 preschool children from four to six years old, living in the area assisted by a Family Health Team (Equipe de Saúde da Família-ESF in the city of Porto Alegre-RS. Diagnosis of dental caries and gingivitis was carried out through oral clinical examination at the beginning and at the end of the study. The dietary pattern was obtained by applying a questionnaire and the social-sanitary aspects of the families, from the records of File A in the Basic Health Care Information System (Sistema de Informação da Atenção Básica-SIAB. Results: Caries disease was diagnosed in 58.5% of the children, whose dmft index (total sum of decayed, extracted and filled teeth was 2.43. There was a decrease in the number of decayed teeth and an increase in extracted and filled teeth. The rates of visible plaque and gums bleeding got better. The social-sanitary aspects were standardized in the community, being not representative. The group presenting the highest dmft values followed a diet containing sugars, with viscous consistence and an intake frequency of four or more times a day. Conclusion: The activities of health promotion developed in the school partially changed the children’s oral conditions. There was a positive correlation between consistency, composition and frequency of diet and the presence of caries disease; on the other hand, there was no significant relation between social-sanitary conditions and the presence of oral diseases

  9. Effect of a health education program in the oral health profile of preschool children: an experience in the public network of Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Stürmer Badalotti

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To estimate the effect of health promotion activities developed in a child education school, on the children’s oral health profile, relating oral manifestations to social, sanitary and feeding factors. Methods: Interventional, longitudinal and describing quantitative work, accomplished with 41 preschool children from four to six years old, living in the area assisted by a Family Health Team (Equipe de Saúde da Família-ESF in the city of Porto Alegre-RS. Diagnosis of dental caries and gingivitis was carried out through oral clinical examination at the beginning and at the end of the study. The dietary pattern was obtained by applying a questionnaire and the social-sanitary aspects of the families, from the records of File A in the Basic Health Care Information System (Sistema de Informação da Atenção Básica-SIAB. Results: Caries disease was diagnosed in 58.5% of the children, whose dmft index (total sum of decayed, extracted and filled teeth was 2.43. There was a decrease in the number of decayed teeth and an increase in extracted and filled teeth. The rates of visible plaque and gums bleeding got better. The social-sanitary aspects were standardized in the community, being not representative. The group presenting the highest dmft values followed a diet containing sugars, with viscous consistence and an intake frequency of four or more times a day. Conclusion: The activities of health promotion developed in the school partially changed the children’s oral conditions. There was a positive correlation between consistency, composition and frequency of diet and the presence of caries disease; on the other hand, therewas no significant relation between social sanitary conditions and the presence of oral diseases.

  10. Driving forces of the diel distribution of phytoplankton functional groups in a shallow tropical lake (Lake Monte Alegre, Southeast Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LM. Rangel

    Full Text Available Phytoplankton vertical and diel dynamics in a small shallow lake (Lake Monte Alegre, Ribeirão Preto, state of São Paulo were investigated in two climatological periods: July 2001 (cool-dry season and March 2002 (warm-rainy season. Monte Alegre is a eutrophic reservoir, with a warm polymictic discontinuous circulation pattern. The lake was thermally stratified in both periods, although dissolved oxygen varied less in the cool-dry period. Phytoplankton biomass was higher in the warm-rainy season and the vertical distribution was stratified in both seasons. Flagellate groups (Lm, Y, W1 and W2 and functional groups typical of shallow eutrophic environments (J, X1 and Sn were important throughout the study period. The lake's thermal pattern strongly influenced the vertical distribution of the phytoplankton community in both periods. Biomass, functional groups and size classes of phytoplankton also were determined by the presence of more efficient herbivores in the lake, especially during the cool-dry period when phytoplankton biomass decreased.

  11. Desvendando o fenômeno bullying nas escolas públicas de Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Grossi, Patrícia Krieger; Santos, Andréia Mendes dos

    2009-01-01

    Bullying é uma palavra inglesa que foi adotada em diversos países para se referir à intimidação. Brigas, ofensas, comentários maldosos, agressões físicas e psicológicas, repressão são tipos de violência geralmente associados à infância. Estudos indicam que brincadeiras de mau gosto podem gerar conseqüências sérias como baixa auto-estima, novas fontes de violência e, inclusive, casos de suicídio. Este estudo vem sendo desenvolvido desde julho de 2007 em quatro escolas públicas da cidade de Por...

  12. Acidentes de trabalho: violência urbana e morte em Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Work-related accidents: urban violence and death in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Antonio Barros Oliveira

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo identifica a magnitude dos óbitos relacionados com o trabalho entre os residentes de Porto Alegre. A partir das Declarações de óbito, e utilizando metodologia qualitativa, confirmando a causa das mortes através de inquérito familiar, foram investigados 159 óbitos, 18% dos 877 classificados como devidos a Causas externas ocorridos em 1992. Foram identificados 31 casos. As principais causas dos óbitos entre estes trabalhadores foram homicídio, em 58% dos casos (15 com arma de fogo e 3 com arma branca, seguido de acidente de trânsito, em 29% (5 colisões e 4 atropelamentos. Dos 31 óbitos, 17 foram de trabalhadores do mercado formal de trabalho e, dentre estes, 11 não se enquadram nas normas de notificação acidentária. Outros 14 óbitos foram de trabalhadores ligados: ao mercado informal de trabalho (7, à execução de atividades ilícitas (6 e à atividade ignorada (1, os quais também não são notificáveis. Isto desvela a omissão do Estado no tratamento desta questão e o quanto os dados oficiais não traduzem a realidade existente no cotidiano do trabalho. Os autores concluem que, para fins de Vigilância em Saúde, faz-se necessária a utilização de outros mecanismos de coleta de dados, além dos utilizados pela Previdência Social, de modo a incluir todas as situações reais de risco à saúde provenientes do trabalho.This article focuses on the magnitude of work-related deaths in Porto Alegre, the capital of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Death certificates were used to investigate 159 cases, or 18% of the 877 deaths from external causes in 1992. Some 31 cases were identified. The principal cause of death among these workers was homicide, with 58% of cases (15 from fire arms and 3 from knives, followed by traffic accidents, with 29% (5 motor vehicle collisions and 4 pedestrians run down by motor vehicles. Of these 31 deaths, 17 were workers from the formal labor market, of whom 11 did not fit into the

  13. Grapes, wine and cultural identity at Serra Gaúcha (RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joice Lavandoski

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to understand the relevance of wine production at Serra Gaúcha region (Rio Grande State, Brazil and unveil the role played by grapes and wine for XIXth century Italian migrants as for their contemporary descendents. A research was conducted at Vale dos Vinhedos (Vineyards Valley,(RS, Brazil, where a strong relation between wine and tourism exists. Bibliographical research, oral history and semi- structured interviews permitted the construction of a collective subject discourse. As a result it was revealed that wine production was important at first for subsistence and also a way to promote economic growth; at present, grapes and wine are cultural identity markers with which community members present themselves to tourist and visitors. It is a case study without intention of generalizing for other wine regions in Brazil and brings a new approach to tourism and heritage relations.

  14. Validação de equações de predição da taxa metabólica basal em mulheres residentes em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahrlich Vivian

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Medir a taxa metabólica basal em mulheres de 20 a 40 anos, não-gestantes ou lactantes, e comparar o valor medido com os valores de taxa metabólica basal estimados por equações de predição. MÉTODOS: A taxa metabólica basal foi medida por calorimetria indireta, pela manhã, durante a fase folicular do ciclo menstrual, em 60 voluntárias residentes no município de Porto Alegre, RS, sob condições padronizadas de jejum, repouso e ambiente. RESULTADOS: A média (± desvio-padrão da taxa metabólica basal medida foi 1.185,3±148,6 kcal em 24 horas. A taxa metabólica basal, estimada por equações, foi significativamente maior (7% a 17% do que a taxa metabólica basal medida. CONCLUSÕES: Os dados evidenciaram que as equações de predição não são adequadas para estimar a taxa metabólica basal nas mulheres avaliadas. O emprego dessas equações podem superestimar os requerimentos energéticos para mulheres com características semelhantes.

  15. Validação de equações de predição da taxa metabólica basal em mulheres residentes em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivian Wahrlich

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Medir a taxa metabólica basal em mulheres de 20 a 40 anos, não-gestantes ou lactantes, e comparar o valor medido com os valores de taxa metabólica basal estimados por equações de predição. MÉTODOS: A taxa metabólica basal foi medida por calorimetria indireta, pela manhã, durante a fase folicular do ciclo menstrual, em 60 voluntárias residentes no município de Porto Alegre, RS, sob condições padronizadas de jejum, repouso e ambiente. RESULTADOS: A média (± desvio-padrão da taxa metabólica basal medida foi 1.185,3±148,6 kcal em 24 horas. A taxa metabólica basal, estimada por equações, foi significativamente maior (7% a 17% do que a taxa metabólica basal medida. CONCLUSÕES: Os dados evidenciaram que as equações de predição não são adequadas para estimar a taxa metabólica basal nas mulheres avaliadas. O emprego dessas equações podem superestimar os requerimentos energéticos para mulheres com características semelhantes.

  16. [Trends in hospitalization for primary care-sensitive conditions and associated factors in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa, Juvenal Soares Dias; Pattussi, Marcos Pascoal; Morimoto, Tissiani; de Arruda, Jocinei Santos; Bratkowski, Gabriela Rodrigues; Sopelsa, Mariani; Fritzen, Janaina Soder; do Canto, Vaneza de Andrade da Fontoura; Marques, Maximiliano Chagas

    2016-04-01

    An ecological study was conducted to analyze trends in hospitalization for primary care-sensitive conditions linking the results to the investments in health and coverage of the Family Health Strategy in Porto Alegre, between 1998 and 2012. The causes of hospitalization for primary care-sensitive conditions were based on the national list provided by the Ministry of Health. The data were obtained from the Hospital Information System of the Unified Health System (SUS). Standardized rates were created and investments increased by 27%, though investments in primary care increased by 83%. The expansion of coverage by the Family Health Strategy was almost fourfold, though it remained below the recommended values. There was no change in the trend of hospitalization for primary care-sensitive conditions. The analysis did not make it possible to establish if patients who were hospitalized for primary care-sensitive conditions had access to the Family Health Strategy or not, suggesting the need to incorporate data of place of origin in the information system. Studies using the Hospital Information System contribute to its enhancement, fomenting the assessment, management and design of health policies.

  17. [Evaluation of the presence of hygienic and sanitary indicator microorganisms in food served in public schools in Porto Alegre, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Ana Beatriz Almeida; Capalonga, Roberta; Silveira, Joice Trindade; Tondo, Eduardo Cesar; Cardoso, Marisa Ribeiro de Itapema

    2013-04-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of hygienic and sanitary indicator microorganisms in samples of food served in public schools in Porto Alegre. All the food served in the meal of the session visited was analyzed for Escherichia coli, coagulase-positive Staphylococcus, Salmonella sp. and Shigella sp. Of the total of 196 food products analyzed in 120 schools, 4 contained and Escherichia coli score above the permitted level, and 2 contained coagulase-positive Staphylococcus. Neither Shigella nor Salmonella genus were detected. In the majority of schools studied, it was found that food was of an adequate hygienic-sanitary standard. However, only municipal schools had the supervision of a technician responsible for school food. In the state schools, 60% had never been visited by a nutritionist and in these schools several procedures failed to comply with legal requirements. In most of the schools studied, the food served to students was within adequate standards, though the problems detected revealed the need for the implementation of Best Practices in the school environment.

  18. Evaluation of natural foci of Panstrongylus megistus in a forest fragment in Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Eloy dos Santos Jr

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Panstrongylus megistus is commonly found in wild environments of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The aim of this study was to characterize the network of refuges used by triatomine in a forest fragment of Porto Alegre and to identify Trypanosoma cruzi infection, associated hosts and the epidemiological importance of both hosts and triatomines. Methods Techniques including the spool-and-line method and active searching (transects were used to identify natural foci. Results The food source for each triatomine was determined using the precipitin test, and the infection of marsupials was determined by xenodiagnosis. A total of 33 adults (domestic environment and 27 nymphs (wild environment of P. megistus were found in addition to 43 Didelphis albiventris specimens. The infection rates of triatomine adults, triatomine nymphs and opossums with T. cruzi I were 64%, 73% and 69%, respectively. Birds, rodents and opossums were the main resources used by triatomine. Conclusions This work presents the first characterization of a natural focus of P. megistus in Rio Grande do Sul. The natural characteristics of this focus and its implication in the transmission of T. cruzi are discussed.

  19. [Consumption of nutrients among the elderly living in Porto Alegre in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: a population-based study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venturini, Carina Duarte; Engroff, Paula; Sgnaolin, Vanessa; El Kik, Raquel Milani; Morrone, Fernanda Bueno; da Silva Filho, Irenio Gomes; De Carli, Geraldo Attilio

    2015-12-01

    A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted on a random sample of 427 elderly individuals living in Porto Alegre, Brazil, to establish the nutrient consumption profile and verify its association with sociodemographic and health variables. Dietary intake was assessed using the 24-hour Food Recall Survey and the Dietetic Research Investigation technique. Seventy percent of the elderly respondents were women: 48.5% were between 60 and 69 years old; 68.8% had less than 8 years of schooling; 39% had a family income of between 2 and 5 minimum wages and 58.4% took no physical exercise. Hypertension was the most prevalent disease among the elderly and 54.9% were underweight. Men consumed more calories, protein, fiber, minerals and vitamins than women. Carbohydrate and calcium intake increases with advancing age, while zinc intake decreases. Physical exercise increased the intake of calories, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus. The higher the schooling the greater the intake of vitamins B6 and B12; the higher the family income, the greater the consumption of vitamin B6 and folic acid. The results show that there are nutritional deficiencies in the daily diet of the Brazilian elderly population, especially among women and individuals over 80 years of age.

  20. Avaliação inicial do Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência na Cidade de Porto Alegre Evaluación inicial del servicio de atención móvil de urgencia en la ciudad de Porto Alegre Initial evaluation of the Mobile Emergency Medical Services in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladis Semensato

    2011-03-01

    atendidos por el SAMU de Porto Alegre. MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional y prospectivo. Los desenlaces evaluados fueron sobrevida en 30 días y hasta el alta hospitalaria, además de escore del Cerebral Performance Category (CPC I-II. RESULTADOS: De enero a octubre de 2008, fueron atendidos 593 pacientes en PCR no traumática y fueron realizadas 260 tentativas de resucitación cardiopulmonar (RCP. Hubo éxito inicial en 52 (20,0% casos, estando 16 pacientes vivos en el 30º (6,0% día, 10 teniendo recibido alta hospitalaria (3,9%, siendo que 6 (2,3% con escore CPC I-II. La PCR en el domicilio se asoció inversamente con la sobrevida en el 30º día (p = 0,001 y en el alta hospitalaria (p = 0,02. Un ritmo inicial pasible de "shockeable" (p = 0,008 se asoció a la sobrevida a los 30 días. El intervalo tiempo-respuesta y tiempo colapso hasta comienzo de la RCP fueron significativamente menores en supervivientes a los 30 días. En análisis multivariado, fueron predictores independientes de mortalidad a los 30 días un ritmo inicial "shockeable" (razón de posibilidad [RC] = 0,28 y intervalo de confianza [IC] de 95,0% = 0,10 - 0,81; p = 0,02 y PCR en el domicilio (RC = 3,0 y IC 95,0% = 1,04 - 8,7; p = 0,04. CONCLUSIÓN: La atención prehospitalaria de la PCR en Porto Alegre tiene resultados limitados, sin embargo equiparables a otras localidades internacionales. Es necesario el refuerzo de cada eslabón de la cadena de supervivencia para perfeccionar la atención prehospitalaria, buscando mejora de resultados clínicamente relevantes.BACKGROUND: Little is known about the immediate outcomes of the Mobile Emergency Medical Services (SAMU in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical predictors of survival of patients in cardiorespiratory arrest (CRA in the nonhospital environment treated by the SAMU in the city of Porto Alegre. METHODS: The present study has a prospective and observational design. The evaluated outcomes were 30-day survival and hospital discharge, in addition to the

  1. Evaluation of {sup 222}Rn concentration of the internal and external environments of residences at Monte Alegre municipality, Para, Brazil; Avaliacao da concentracao do {sup 222}Rn nos ambientes internos e externos de residencias do municipio de Monte Alegre, PA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melo, Vicente de Paula

    1999-07-01

    The human being is constantly exposed to the natural radioactivity in the environment where he lives. This radioactivity comes mainly from materials present in the terrestrial crust that possess in their constitution chemical elements belonging to the radioactive families of uranium and thorium. The use of such materials for the construction of houses constitutes an important exposure form to the natural radiation, above all to the radioactive gas {sup 222}Rn, that it is exhaled from them. The Brazilian soil is composed, among other, of minerals that contain appreciable concentrations of these elements. The inhabitants of Monte Alegre town in Para, located at 2 deg 00' 24,9 'S ; 54 deg 04 ' 13,5 {sup W}, used in the construction of their houses stones obtained from an area 20 km distant of Monte Alegre, denominated Ingles de Souza, located at 01 deg 56' 4 0,1 S; 54 deg 12 149,7 W, where a small residential village, denominated National Agricultural Colony of Para (CANP), is located. The objective of this work was to evaluate the indoor concentration of {sup 222}Rn in the residences of Monte Alegre and CANP. Determinations of the {sup 238}U and {sup 226}Ra concentrations, measurements of the radon flux in samples of stones and soils of the two regions, as well as measurements to the gamma dose close of the soil and inside the residences, were also carried out. The average results of the radon concentration in the air of the investigated residences did not exceed the limits of 200 Bq. m{sup 3} (action level) and 600 Bq. m{sup 3} (intervention level) recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). The concentrations of natural radionuclides and the radon flux determined at the village showed values 17 times higher than those found at the urban area of Monte Alegre, while the average indoor gamma dose rate in the village residences was 0.86 mSv/a. (author)

  2. 'We want to be part of the broader project' family farmers and local food governance in Porto Alegre, Brazil.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vasile, Maria; Duncan, J.A.B.

    2017-01-01

    Brazil has been praised for the development of its agricultural sector, its policies against hunger, and its support for family farming. Yet, the future of small-scale family farmers remains uncertain. In this paper, we question whether food system localization facilitates the integration of

  3. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in dogs and cats under veterinary care in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Lorenzini

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available O parasitismo gastrintestinal é uma das principais causas de doenças em animais domésticos. Para o estudo da prevalência de enteroparasitos foram utilizadas amostras fecais de animais de diferentes áreas da cidade de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, as quais foram enviadas ao Laborvet (Laboratório Veterinário Ltda, durante o período de janeiro de 2002 a dezembro de 2004. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a prevalência de parasitos gastrintestinais em cães e gatos, submetidos aos cuidados de médicos veterinários. Em 1761 amostras examinadas, 1473 (83,6% eram de cães e 288 (16,4% de gatos. Resultados positivos, nos quais foram encontrados pelo menos um parasito, foram de 26,6% (392 para amostras de cães e 20,5% (59 para as de gatos. Em ambos hospedeiros, Ancylostoma spp., Toxocara spp., Isospora spp. e Giardia spp. foram os parasitos mais encontrados. Animais de 0 a 6 meses obtiveram uma alta infecção por parasitos intestinais com 39,5% para cães e 29,5% para gatos. Isospora spp. e Toxocara spp. foram os parasitos mais diagnosticados. O verão foi a estação que apresentou a maior prevalência de parasitos com 30% para cães e 27,6% para gatos. Quando comparou-se o monoparasitismo com o poliparasitismo, a presença de um único parasito foi mais freqüente em cães e gatos (23,8% e 19,4% respectivamente. Nosso estudo demonstrou a prevalência de parasitos intestinais causadores de zoonoses presentes em cães e gatos. É essencial manter animais domésticos sob cuidados do médico veterinário para evitar infecções por parasitos intestinais entre animais de estimação e o homem.

  4. Genotoxicity on Tradescantia pallida var. purpurea plants exposed to urban and rural environments in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GM. Costa

    Full Text Available The Trad-MCN bioassay was used to investigate the genotoxicity on Tradescantia pallida var. purpurea plants exposed to variations in the environmental conditions in urban and rural sites in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, southern Brazil, over a one-year period. In spring 2009 and in summer, autumn and winter 2010, potted plants of T. pallida var. purpurea were exposed at two sites with different characteristics: the urban area of the municipality of Estância Velha, with leather and footwear industrial activity, and a Site of Special Environmental Interest in the rural area of the municipality of Novo Hamburgo. Other plants comprised the control group and were kept indoors. Frequencies of micronuclei (MCN were determined in early tetrads of pollen mother cells and expressed as MCN/100 tetrads. Climate data were also registered during the experiment. MCN frequencies in the urban area were significantly higher (up to 8.13 than those found in the rural area (up to 1.26 and in the control group (up to 1.10, which did not differ statistically from each other over the year. The higher MCN frequencies observed in the urban site can be attributed to air pollution, but also may have been influenced by microclimatic and daily thermal variation differences between sites. Higher temperatures recorded in spring and summer may have influenced MCN frequencies observed in the urban site. No clear relation was observed between rainfall and MCN frequencies. Similar and high relative humidity percentages were registered over the period of the study. Considering that the bioindicator plant presents an integrated response to abiotic factors such as pollutants and weather conditions, it can be used as an additional tool that can point to synergistic effects of environmental variables on organisms.

  5. Respiratory syncytial virus groups A and B in Porto Alegre, Brazil, from 1990 to 1995 and 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Straliotto Selir M

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available We analyzed the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV groups and their epidemiological pattern that were detected over the course of seven years in southern Brazil. The two RSV groups co-circulated each year, but frequencies of groups A and B varied both between and within yearly outbreaks. In 1991, group A predominated over group B (p=0.0016. RSV outbreaks analyzed showed a temperature-dependent pattern and no association with rainfall, similarly to other countries from southern South America. Knowledge of the variants is important in terms of both diagnosis and definition of a vaccine composition.

  6. Evaluation of {sup 222}Rn concentration of the internal and external environments of residences at Monte Alegre municipality, Para, Brazil; Avaliacao da concentracao do {sup 222}Rn nos ambientes internos e externos de residencias do municipio de Monte Alegre, PA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melo, Vicente de Paula

    1999-07-01

    The human being is constantly exposed to the natural radioactivity in the environment where he lives. This radioactivity comes mainly from materials present in the terrestrial crust that possess in their constitution chemical elements belonging to the radioactive families of uranium and thorium. The use of such materials for the construction of houses constitutes an important exposure form to the natural radiation, above all to the radioactive gas {sup 222}Rn, that it is exhaled from them. The Brazilian soil is composed, among other, of minerals that contain appreciable concentrations of these elements. The inhabitants of Monte Alegre town in Para, located at 2 deg 00' 24,9 'S ; 54 deg 04 ' 13,5 {sup W}, used in the construction of their houses stones obtained from an area 20 km distant of Monte Alegre, denominated Ingles de Souza, located at 01 deg 56' 4 0,1 S; 54 deg 12 149,7 W, where a small residential village, denominated National Agricultural Colony of Para (CANP), is located. The objective of this work was to evaluate the indoor concentration of {sup 222}Rn in the residences of Monte Alegre and CANP. Determinations of the {sup 238}U and {sup 226}Ra concentrations, measurements of the radon flux in samples of stones and soils of the two regions, as well as measurements to the gamma dose close of the soil and inside the residences, were also carried out. The average results of the radon concentration in the air of the investigated residences did not exceed the limits of 200 Bq. m{sup 3} (action level) and 600 Bq. m{sup 3} (intervention level) recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). The concentrations of natural radionuclides and the radon flux determined at the village showed values 17 times higher than those found at the urban area of Monte Alegre, while the average indoor gamma dose rate in the village residences was 0.86 mSv/a. (author)

  7. A model to optimize public health care and downstage breast cancer in limited-resource populations in southern Brazil. (Porto Alegre Breast Health Intervention Cohort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giacomazzi Juliana

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Breast cancer (BC is a major public health problem, with rising incidence in many regions of the globe. Although mortality has recently dropped in developed countries, death rates are still increasing in some developing countries, as seen in Brazil. Among the reasons for this phenomenon are the lack of structured screening programs, a long waiting period between diagnosis and treatment, and lack of access to health services for a large proportion of the Brazilian population. Methods and design Since 2004, an intervention study in a cohort of women in Southern Brazil, denominated Porto Alegre Breast Health Intervention Cohort, is being conducted in order to test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a model for BC early detection and treatment. In this study, over 4,000 women from underserved communities aged 40 to 69 years are being screened annually with mammography and clinical breast examination performed by a multidisciplinary team, which also involves nutritional counseling and genetic cancer risk assessment. Risk factors for BC development are also being evaluated. Active search of participants by lay community health workers is one of the major features of our program. The accrual of new participants was concluded in 2006 and the study will last for 10 years. The main goal of the study is to demonstrate significant downstaging of BC in an underserved population through proper screening, attaining a higher rate of early-stage BC diagnoses than usually seen in women diagnosed in the Brazilian Public Health System. Preliminary results show a very high BC incidence in this population (117 cases per 100,000 women per year, despite a low prevalence of classical risk factors. Discussion This study will allow us to test a model of BC early diagnosis and treatment and evaluate its cost-effectiveness in a developing country where the mortality associated with this disease is very high. Also, it might contribute to the

  8. Os efeitos da carga tributária indireta e das políticas públicas agrícolas sobre os preços dos alimentos em Porto Alegre (RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibele Vasconcelos de Oliveira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, a vasta experiência e aptidão para os agronegócios geram reflexões sobre as implicações das políticas agrícolas e fiscais sobre a formação de preços dos alimentos e, por conseguinte, sobre a segurança alimentar. Destarte, o presente estudo visa avaliar o impacto da Política de Garantia de Preço Mínimos Agrícolas, do crédito rural e da carga tributária indireta sobre os preços dos principais alimentos da cesta básica de Porto Alegre (RS, Brasil. Para tanto, as estatísticas descritiva e inferencial foram empregadas na identificação de relações de causalidade entre as variáveis no período de janeiro/2005 a abril/2011. Observou-se que as regressões lineares múltiplas demonstraram significância estatística, com exceção das estimadas para os preços do café e farinha de trigo. Ainda, a oferta dos produtos amostrados tende a ser elástica, considerando-se o relacionamento positivo entre preços dos alimentos e as proxies dos subsídios públicos agrícolas. Percebeu-se que variações na carga tributária indireta implicam em variações no mesmo sentido no preço do arroz, feijão, leite, óleo e pão. Por fim, considerando-se o grau moderado de associação linear entre as variáveis explanatórias e os preços dos alimentos, sugere-se que variações nestes podem ser também explicadas por fatores relacionados ao processo produtivo e concorrencial.

  9. Mulheres cuidando de mulheres: um estudo sobre a Casa de Apoio Viva Maria, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Women caring for women: a study on the "Viva Maria" shelter, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela Nazareth Meneghel

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo obter dados a respeito de mulheres vitimizadas que são atendidas em uma casa abrigo governamental denominada "Casa de Apoio Viva Maria", situada na cidade de Porto Alegre. Analisaram-se informações referentes a 110 mulheres que estiveram albergadas na casa durante os últimos dois anos - janeiro de 1996 a junho de 1998. O perfil da clientela mostrou que as mulheres eram jovens - em média, 29 anos; todas de baixa renda; 12% analfabetas, 21% negras, 80% delas com história de violência doméstica freqüente. Além disso, 18% destas mulheres retornaram à relação com o companheiro violento. Foram efetuadas visitas domiciliares a 34 ex-moradoras, convidando-as a participar de uma série de oficinas de avaliação. Um total de 118 pessoas - mães e crianças - integrou os três encontros de avaliação. Durante estes, os pesquisadores estimularam as participantes a expressar suas opiniões, percepções e sentimentos a respeito da experiência vivida na casa abrigo, assim como seus conceitos no tocante à violência. Finalmente, realizou-se um grupo focal com a equipe técnico-administrativa da casa. As trabalhadoras enfatizaram o quanto esse tipo de trabalho tem sido útil para seu desenvolvimento pessoal e auxiliou a modificar suas vidas.This research was conducted in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, with a sample of battered women selected from a government shelter called the "Casa Viva Maria". We analyzed data on 110 women staying at the shelter during the previous two years (January 1996-June 1998. The profile of the women was as follows: abused women were young (mean age 29 years, all had low socioeconomic status, 12% were illiterate, 21% were black, 80% reported frequent abuse by their partners, and 18% had returned to violent homes. The researchers visited 34 former lodgers from the shelter and invited them to participate in a series of evaluation workshops. A total of 118 persons, including mothers and

  10. Distribuição espacial do risco: modelagem da mortalidade infantil em Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Spatial risk distribution: modeling infant mortality in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia E. Shimakura

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Estimação e mapeamento de perfis de risco são interesses da Epidemiologia. Neste trabalho, é analisada a distribuição espacial de casos de mortalidade infantil, comparados a controles de nascidos vivos amostrados do Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos da cidade de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A modelagem adotada neste trabalho baseia-se em um processo pontual espacial, na qual se define uma medida de risco que varia continuamente sobre a região de estudo e estimada por meio de métodos de modelos aditivos generalizados. Essa abordagem possui a vantagem de permitir a incorporação, no modelo, de efeitos de determinantes individuais e ecológicos de risco sob forma simples e de fácil interpretação. Também permite a construção de contornos de tolerância que auxiliam na identificação de áreas de alto/baixo risco e de um teste global da hipótese nula de risco constante relativa à região. A aplicação do método aos dados de mortalidade infantil mostrou variação espacial no risco altamente significativa para mortalidade neonatal e não significativa para mortalidade pós-neonatal.Estimation and mapping of risk profiles are the main concerns of epidemiology. This paper analyzes spatial distribution of infant mortality cases as compared to live-born controls from Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. The modeling framework adopted in this research work is a spatial point process. Under this structure, a risk measure which continuously varies over the study region is defined and estimated using generalized additive model methods. This approach has the advantage of allowing for risk factors that are simple and easy to interpret. The procedure also allows the construction of tolerance contours which help identify areas of significantly high/low risk and an overall test for the null hypothesis of constant risk over the region. Application of this method to infant mortality data showed a highly significant spatial

  11. Frequency of suspected cases of neurocysticercosis detected by computed skull tomography in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, J E; Diefenthäler, A P; Palma, J K

    2000-01-01

    Due to the lack of studies about neurocysticercosis in the South of Brazil, an investigation was conducted to determine the percentage of suspected cases of neurocysticercosis in computed tomography diagnoses in Santa Maria, RS, from January 1997 to December 1998. Of 6300 computed tomographies (CT) of the skull performed at the private Hospital de Caridade Astrogildo de Azevedo, 80, i.e., 1.27% were suspected of neurocysticercosis. Fifty were women (62.5%) and 30 were men (37.5%). The most frequent radiological manifestation indicating neurocysticercosis was the presence of calcifications (isolated or associated), with a 95% rate (76 cases), while the presence of hypodense lesions reached a 5% rate (4 cases). After routine analysis, each CT was evaluated again and the suspected cases were confirmed. The percentage of suspected cases of neurocysticercosis detected by CT in the present study carried out in Santa Maria was considered low (1.27%). This can be explained by the fact that tomography is not accessible to the economically underprivileged population of Santa Maria. We hope that the present study can alert the population and the professionals to the fact that neurocysticercosis is a more frequent disease than indicated by the few diagnoses made.

  12. Competência social infantil: análise discriminante entre crianças imigrantes e não imigrantes no contexto escolar de Porto Alegre Children’s social competence: discriminant analysis among immigrant and nonimmigrant children at the educational context of Porto Alegre (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Pizzinato

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo visa identificar como crianças imigrantes são diferenciadas de seus pares não imigrantes, no tocante à competência social, em escolas públicas e privadas de Porto Alegre. Após tradução, adaptação e análises de fidedignidade e validade do instrumento Revised Class Play, foi aplicado em 32 crianças imigrantes de diferentes países residentes e estudando em classes regulares, assim como em seus colegas de classe (543, perfazendo um total de 575 crianças participantes. Ao instrumento foram adicionadas perguntas de cunho sociodemográfico, a fim de melhor descrever o perfil dos grupos. Os dados da análise indicam haver uma percepção do grupo imigrante como mais isolado; menos agressivo e menos sociável, por parte de seus pares não imigrantes. Tais dados contrastam com a percepção de sociabilidade por parte dos próprios imigrantes.The present study aims to identify how immigrant children differ from their non-immigrant peers, concerning social competence, on public and private schools of Porto Alegre (Brazil. After translation, adaptation and reliability analysis of the instrument Revised Class Play, was applied on 32 immigrant children from different countries, who were living and studying on regular classes, as well as their classmates (a total of 575 participant children. At the instrument social-demographical questions were added, with the objective of better describe the group’s profile. The data indicates a perception that the immigrant children were more isolated, less aggressive and less sociable than their nonimmigrant peers. Such data contrasts with the perception of sociability that the immigrant children had about themselves.

  13. Evaluation of chromosome aberration frequency instable in individual groups residents at the municipality of Monte Alegre, Para, Brazil, exposed to radon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yunes, Samira Nogarol

    2010-01-01

    The municipality of Monte Alegre is a region that presents natural radiation high due to the presence of the radionuclide uranium ( 238 U) in its soil, which through its decay gives rise to element Rn, a gas. The radioactivity of the rocks has become a problem for the population of Monte Alegre, from the moment when the radioactive material began to be used in the construction of houses and paving of streets. Among all bio markers related to environmental exposures and its biological effects, the chromosomal aberrations are considered good bio markers as predictors of the risk of cancer. Studies suggest that the frequency of chromosomal aberrations may be related to the genetic instability individual and/or exposure to ionizing radiation. Our work aimed to evaluate the frequency of chromosomal aberrations in individuals in the region of high natural radioactivity in Monte Alegre-PA. As well as to correlate the cytogenetic analysis made in this study with the results of analysis of frequency of polymorphisms of genes of DNA repair carried out in another study that resulted in other dissertation. In accordance with the distribution of the data obtained in characterizing environmental radiological and in the calculation of dose, were chosen residents of homes with more and less exposure to radiation. The samples of peripheral blood of 85 individuals of the resident population of the region of Monte Alegre - PA were collected and examine provided two slides for individual was performed to verify the quality of the sample. Through this evaluation we decide that 33% of the material collected, or is, samples of 28 individuals were in suitable conditions for analysis of the frequency of chromosomal aberrations. After the collections lymphocytes present in the sample were cultivated in accordance with the methodology proposed for obtaining of cells in metaphase. were analyzed 6,177 metaphases of 28 individuals among which were found dicentric chromosomes 4 and 19 fragments

  14. Infections after liver transplantation in adults: data from a university hospital in southern Brazil (1996-2000 Infecções em pacientes transplantados hepáticos adultos no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, no período de 1996-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Vinhas de Souza

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Infections after liver transplantations are the most important cause of morbi-mortality. In this study, we assessed the main characteristics of these infections in a southern Brazilian university hospital. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort with 55 patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation between 1996 and 2000 in the "Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre", Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, to characterize the infections that occurred in the group. RESULTS: One or more infections (average 2.10 were diagnosed in 47 patients, especially during the first month after transplantation. The most common were bacteremia, intra-abdominal infections and pneumonia, predominantly with bacteria, especially Staphylococcus sp (and particularly S. aureus and E. coli. The mortality rate attributed to infections was high: 17 cases of all deaths (total 27 deaths. Significant risk factors for infections included reoperation, diabetes, biliary stenosis and higher Child-Pugh scores. CONCLUSION: Infections remain a severe threat in liver transplant patients, and special efforts should be made to prevent and manage them correctly.RACIONAL: Infecções são a causa principal de morbimortalidade em pacientes submetidos a transplantes hepáticos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as principais características destas infecções em pacientes de um hospital universitário do sul do Brasil. MÉTODO: Uma coorte retrospectiva foi conduzida com os 55 pacientes transplantados hepáticos adultos cuja cirurgia foi realizada entre 1996 e 2000 no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, RS, todos aos eventos infecciosos que ocorreram nesta população foram registrados. RESULTADOS: Uma ou mais infecções (média 2,1 episódios foram diagnosticadas em 47 pacientes, o período de maior ocorrência destas foi o primeiro mês após a cirurgia. As infecções mais comuns foram: bacteremias, infecções intra-abdominais e pneumonias, a etiologia mais freqüente foi bacteriana

  15. ambiental em Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliane Zeve

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is about urban environmental governance in the city of Porto Alegre, in accordance with the virtual representation of the relationship network among the actors involved in local environmental politics. The paper reveals the importance of improved processes of interactive co-operation through new information and communication technologies in order to achieve effective strategies for local sustainable development.

  16. Arte e criação artística em contexto urbano: um estudo de caso de política pública em Porto Alegre (RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Luiza Carvalho da Rocha

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available n Porto Alegre the production of public art has been since 1991 an object of specific concern for the Coordination of Plastic Arts of the Municipal Department of Culture, which instituted the contest Espaço Urbano & Espaço Arte, a project that ended up directly influencing a series of cultural policies. It is worth mentioning the performance of one of its coordinators, who reports her experience with the origins of the contest and its unfolding as a public policy. It is a reflective essay on the place of public art in the contemporary urban space.

  17. Metrópole de Risco : o caso da Vila Dique e do aterro sanitário da zona norte na poluição das águas superficiais e subterrâneas das bacias hidrográficas do Arroio da Areia e Passo das Pedras/Porto Alegre-RS

    OpenAIRE

    Adriano Lima Troleis

    2009-01-01

    O presente estudo investigou a influência da vila Dique o do Aterro Sanitário da Zona Norte, na qualidade das águas superficiais e subterrâneas, das bacias hidrográficas do arroio da Areia e Passo das Pedras, no município de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A metodologia deste estudo envolveu duas estratégias de abordagem: teórico-conceitual e operacional. A teórica orientou-se pelos eixos de abordagem: qualidade das águas; processo de urbanização mundial, brasileiro e da cidade de Po...

  18. UTILIZAÇÃO DE GEOPROCESSAMENTO PARA ANÁLISE DA ACESSIBILIDADE A EQUIPAMENTOS PÚBLICOS DE ENSINO FUNDAMENTAL EM ÁREAS DE EXPANSÃO URBANA: BACIA HIDROGRÁFICA DO ARROIO DO SALSO – PORTO ALEGRE/RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Godinho Verran

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho investigatório objetivou realizar a análise da acessibilidade espacial aos equipamentos públicos de ensino fundamental presentes na bacia hidrográfica do arroio do Salso, na zona sul do município de Porto Alegre. Para isso, considerou-se a acessibilidade como uma variável diretamente relacionada à distância a ser percorrida pelo aluno até a escola mais próxima. Foram utilizados dados demográficos do Censo de 2010, informações do Censo Escolar de 2013, dado vetorial da área urbanizada de Porto Alegre, assim como os softwares Google Earth e Arc Gis 10.1. Com base nesses dados, foram gerados um mapa de expansão urbana entre 2002 e 2013 na área de estudo, um mapa dasimétrico com a população na faixa etária do ensino fundamental, assim como um mapa de acessibilidade dessa população às escolas mais próximas. Como conclusão, destaca-se que o ensino fundamental está universalizado na área de estudo, não havendo a necessidade da implantação de novas escolas de ensino fundamental.

  19. Prevalence of hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus in a group of patients newly diagnosed with active tuberculosis in Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cintia Costi

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Porto Alegre is the Brazilian state capital with second highest incidence of tuberculosis (TB and the highest proportion of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV among patients with TB. Hepatitis C virus (HCV infection increases the risk of anti-TB drug-induced hepatotoxicity, which may result in discontinuation of the therapy. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was (i to estimate prevalence of HCV and HIV in a group of patients newly diagnosed with active TB in a public reference hospital in Porto Alegre and (ii to compare demographic, behavioural, and clinical characteristics of patients in relation to their HCV infection status. METHODS One hundred and thirty-eight patients with TB were tested for anti-HCV antibody, HCV RNA, and anti-HIV1/2 antibody markers. HCV RNA from real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR-positive samples was submitted to reverse transcription and PCR amplification. The 5′ non-coding region of the HCV genome was sequenced, and genotypes of HCV isolates were determined. FINDINGS Anti-HCV antibody, HCV RNA, and anti-HIV antibodies were detected in 27 [20%; 95% confidence interval (CI, 13-26%], 17 (12%; 95% CI, 7-18%, and 34 (25%; 95% CI, 17-32% patients, respectively. HCV isolates belonged to genotypes 1 (n = 12 and 3 (n = 4. Some characteristics were significantly more frequent in patients infected with HCV. Among them, non-white individuals, alcoholics, users of illicit drugs, imprisoned individuals, and those with history of previous TB episode were more commonly infected with HCV (p < 0.05. MAIN CONCLUSIONS HCV screening, including detection of anti-HCV antibody and HCV RNA, will be important to improving the management of co-infected patients, given their increased risk of developing TB treatment-related hepatotoxicity.

  20. Prevalence of hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus in a group of patients newly diagnosed with active tuberculosis in Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costi, Cintia; Grandi, Tarciana; Halon, Maria Laura; Silva, Márcia Susana Nunes; Silva, Cláudia Maria Dornelles da; Gregianini, Tatiana Schäffer; Possuelo, Lia Gonçalves; Jarczewski, Carla Adriane; Niel, Christian; Rossetti, Maria Lucia Rosa

    2017-04-01

    Porto Alegre is the Brazilian state capital with second highest incidence of tuberculosis (TB) and the highest proportion of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among patients with TB. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection increases the risk of anti-TB drug-induced hepatotoxicity, which may result in discontinuation of the therapy. The aim of this study was (i) to estimate prevalence of HCV and HIV in a group of patients newly diagnosed with active TB in a public reference hospital in Porto Alegre and (ii) to compare demographic, behavioural, and clinical characteristics of patients in relation to their HCV infection status. One hundred and thirty-eight patients with TB were tested for anti-HCV antibody, HCV RNA, and anti-HIV1/2 antibody markers. HCV RNA from real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-positive samples was submitted to reverse transcription and PCR amplification. The 5' non-coding region of the HCV genome was sequenced, and genotypes of HCV isolates were determined. Anti-HCV antibody, HCV RNA, and anti-HIV antibodies were detected in 27 [20%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 13-26%], 17 (12%; 95% CI, 7-18%), and 34 (25%; 95% CI, 17-32%) patients, respectively. HCV isolates belonged to genotypes 1 (n = 12) and 3 (n = 4). Some characteristics were significantly more frequent in patients infected with HCV. Among them, non-white individuals, alcoholics, users of illicit drugs, imprisoned individuals, and those with history of previous TB episode were more commonly infected with HCV (p < 0.05). HCV screening, including detection of anti-HCV antibody and HCV RNA, will be important to improving the management of co-infected patients, given their increased risk of developing TB treatment-related hepatotoxicity.

  1. Determination of the frequency of polymorphisms in genes related to the genome stability maintenance of the population residing at Monte Alegre, PA (Brazil) municipality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hozumi, Cristiny Gomes

    2010-01-01

    The human exposure to ionizing radiation coming from natural sources is an inherent feature of human life on earth, for man and all living things have always been exposed to these sources. Ionizing radiation is a known genotoxic agent which can affect the genomic stability and genes related to DNA repair may play a role when they have committed certain polymorphism. This study aimed to analyze the frequency of polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes of DNA repair and cell cycle control: hOGG1 (Ser326Cys), XRCC3 (Thr241 Met) and p53 (Arg72Pro) in saliva samples from a population located Monte Alegre, state of Para were collected in August 2008 and 40 samples of men and 46 samples of women, adding a total of 86 samples. By RFLP was determined the frequency of homozygous genotypes and / or heterozygous for polymorphic genes. The I)OGG1 gene was 5% of the allele 326Cys, XRCC3 gene found about 21 % of the allele 241 Met and p53 gene showed 40.8% of the 72Pro allele. And the genotype frequencies of individuals for the three genes were 91.04%, 88.06% and 59.7% for homozygous wild genotype, 5.97%, 11.94% and 22.39% for heterozygote genotype and 2,99%, zero and 17:91% for homozygous polymorphic hOGG1 genes respectively, XRCC3, p53. These values are similar to those found in previous studies. The influence of these polymorphisms, which are involved in DNA repair and consequent genotoxicity induced by radiation depends on dose and exposure factors such as smoking, which is statistically a factor in public health surveillance in the region. This study gathered information and molecular epidemiology in Monte Alegre, that help to characterization of local population. (author)

  2. Influence of intracranial hemorrhage and neonatal seizures on the neurological and psychomotor development of premature infants at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil Influência da hemorragia intracraniana e crises neonatais sobre o desenvolvimento neurológico e psicomotor de recém-nascidos prematuros no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lygia Ohlweiler

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This study compared the results of neurodevelopmental examination at 6 months' corrected age of premature infants with neonatal seizures and/or intracranial hemorrhage and normal premature infants. There was a statistically significant correlation (p=0.000007 between intracranial hemorrhage and seizures in the group of 68 premature infants seen in the neurodevelopmental outpatient service at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil. Intracranial hemorrhage was significantly associated with multiparity (p=0.02. The neurodevelopmental examination at 6 months' corrected age revealed that patients who suffered neonatal intracranial hemorrhage and/or seizures had inappropriate muscle tone, strength and reflexes, as well as delay in head control. Conclusion: we compared the results of neurodevelopmental examinations of two groups of premature infants at 6 months' corrected age. The difference in neurological development at 6 months' corrected age was statistically significant when comparison was corrected for premature infants who had neonatal seizures and periventricular hemorrhage.Este estudo comparou os resultados do exame do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor aos seis meses de idade corrigida de lactentes prematuros com crises neonatais e/ou hemorragia intracraniana com lactentes prematuros sem estas intercorrências. Houve uma correlação estatisticamente significativa (p=0.000007 entre hemorragia intracraniana e crises neonatais no grupo de 68 lactentes prematuros vistos no ambulatório de neurodesenvolvimento do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brasil. Hemorragia intracraniana foi significativamente associada com multiparidade (p=0.02. O exame do desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor aos 6 meses de idade corrigida mostrou que pacientes que sofreram hemorragia intracraniana neonatal e/ou crises neonatais tiveram tônus, forças e reflexos inapropriados, bem como atraso no controle do sustento cefálico. Conclusões: Comparamos os resultados

  3. Preditores de soropositividade para HIV em indivíduos não abusadores de drogas que buscam centros de testagem e aconselhamento de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Predictors of HIV seropositive status in non-IV drug users at testing and counseling centers in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Pechansky

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo descreve comportamentos de risco para HIV, obtidos através de questionário, em 570 indivíduos de Porto Alegre que não usavam drogas regularmente. A idade média foi 30,3, 51,1 % eram homens, e a maioria tinha baixa renda (59,1%. A soropositividade foi de 9,9% (13,1% entre homens e 6,9% entre mulheres, associada a sexo masculino, ter mais de 30 anos e baixa renda. Mulheres reportaram mais sexo desprotegido (86,4% do que homens (74,4% e mais sexo com usuários de droga injetável (11,6% versus 2,1%; homens relataram mais sexo homossexual desprotegido (18,7% versus 1,4% e mais relações com profissionais de sexo (19,0% versus 0,4%. Não houve associação entre uso eventual de drogas e soropositividade. A idade associada à soropositividade confirma achados anteriores, indicando maior exposição a riscos durante a vida. O estudo confirma a pauperização da epidemia, com indivíduos pobres apresentando maior soropositividade. Homens e mulheres apresentaram diferentes comportamentos associados à soropositividade, confirmando a necessidade de prevenção específica e distinta para cada grupo.This study describes HIV-related behaviors recorded through a questionnaire applied to 570 individuals in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, who were not regular drug users. Mean age was 30.3 years, 51.1 % were male, and most were low-income (59.1%. The HIV seropositive rate was 9.9% (13.1% for males, 6.9% for females, and there was a positive association with male gender, age over 30 years, and low income. Women reported more unprotected sex (86.4% than men (74.4% and more sex involving drugs (11.6% vs. 2.1%; men reported more unprotected homosexual sex (18.7% vs. 1.4% and more sex with sex workers (19.0% vs. 0.4%. There was no association between sporadic drug use and seropositive status. The association between age and seropositive status confirms previous findings, indicating more lifetime risk exposure. The study confirms the so

  4. Mapeamento dos fragmentos de vegetação florestal nativa da bacia hidrográfica do rio Alegre, Espírito Santo, a partir de imagens do satélite IKONOS II Native forest fragmentation mapping of the Alegre river watershed, Espirito Santo State, Brazil, using IKONOS II data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melchior Carlos do Nascimento

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivos elaborar o mapa de uso da terra e diagnosticar, em nível de paisagem, os fragmentos de vegetação florestal nativa por meio da classificação visual da imagem do satélite IKONOS II. A pesquisa foi desenvolvida na bacia hidrográfica do rio Alegre, situada no extremo sul do Estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Foram mapeadas 12 classes de uso da terra, destacando-se 475 fragmentos florestais. As classes cafezal (2.086,2 ha, pastagem (14.130,1 ha e fragmento florestal (2.978,9 ha ocuparam 92,16% (19.195,2 ha da área total da bacia, que é de 20.819,8 ha. A maioria dos fragmentos florestais possui formas fortemente alongadas e área média de 6,3 ha. Também se constatou que a maior parte está sujeita a um elevado nível de perturbação, com 452 e 166 fragmentos florestais vizinhos às classes pastagem e cafezal, respectivamente.The main objective of this study was to create land use and diagnosis maps, at landscape level, of the native forest fragmentation through visual classification using IKONOS II data. The study was conducted in the river Alegre watershed, situated in the south region of State of Espirito Santo, Brazil. Twelve land use classes were mapped, pointing out 475 forest fragments. The classes of coffee plantation (2,086.2 ha, pasture (14,130.1 ha and forest fragmentation (2,978.9 ha occupied 92.16% (19,195.2 ha of the total study area, which was about 20,819.8 ha. The majority of the forest fragments presented strongly elongated shapes, with an average of 6.3 ha. It was also noticed that most of them presented a high level of disturbance, with 452 and 166 forest fragments neighboring the pasture and coffee plantation classes, respectively.

  5. The production of urban space and the social housing in the metropolitan scale: Effects of the Minha Casa, Minha Vida Program in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre - RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Soares de Almeida

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the production of urban space by examining the housing projects produced by Minha Casa, Minha Vida Program − PMCMV. To analyze the spatial distribution of projects produced by the Program, and the activities of the stakeholders involved in this process, we collected information regarding developments hired under the PMCMV between the years 2009-2013 in the Metropolitan Region of Porto Alegre. The projects were georeferenced and analyzed taking in consideration their position in relation to the urban sprawl. A mapping of stakeholders was carried out through a survey and analysis of the construction companies that were hired under the Program scheme. We observed a small number of municipalities covered by the program; a juxtaposition of developments in certain urban areas; the presence of a few companies controlling a larger volume of contracted units; and the tendency to locate projects, aimed to the lower income band, along the urban peripheries.

  6. Colesterolemia, trigliceridemia e excesso de peso em escolares de Santa Maria, RS, Brasil Blood lipids abnormalities and overweight prevalence in students of Santa Maria, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Cruz Lunardi

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O nível de colesterol na infância é um preditor do nível de colesterol na vida adulta. As consequências do colesterol elevado, somadas a outros fatores de risco constituem problema mundial de saúde pública. OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de hipercolesterolemia, hipertrigliceridemia e excesso de peso em estudantes do município de Santa Maria-RS. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 374 crianças de 10 a 12 anos de idade, de escolas das redes pública e privada, realizado no segundo semestre de 2005 na cidade de Santa Maria-RS. Foram determinados os níveis de colesterol total, triglicerídeos e estado nutricional. RESULTADOS: As prevalências de hipercolesterolemia, hipertrigliceridemia e excesso de peso encontradas foram de 4,7%, 8,9% e 20,7%, respectivamente. Não houve diferença significante entre sexo e rede pública e privada. As crianças com excesso de peso apresentaram maior prevalência de alterações lipídicas. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de alterações lipídicas pode ser considerada baixa, mas a prevalência de excesso de peso dos estudantes de Santa Maria mostrou-se relativamente alta, alertando à importância de políticas públicas e à necessidade de assistência pediátrica nessa faixa etária, visando o seu diagnóstico precoce e, principalmente, o aconselhamento nutricional e incentivo à prática esportiva, uma vez que as dislipidemias e o excesso de peso têm sido apontados como fatores de risco para as doenças cardiovasculares.INTRODUCTION: Cholesterol level in childhood is a predictor of cholesterol level in adult life. The consequences of high cholesterol levels summed to other risk factors constitute a worldwide public health problem. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of blood lipid abnormalities and overweight among school students of the city of Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study with 374 children, aged between 10 and 12 years, from public and private schools of the

  7. Relationship between caga-positive Helicobacter pylori infection and risk of gastric cancer: a case control study in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilmara Coelho Meine

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer related death worldwide. Although Helicobacter pylori has been classified as a class I carcinogen, the presence of infection is not a factor that alone is able to lead to gastric cancer, and one of the possible explanations for this is the existence of different strains of H. pylori with different degrees of virulence. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between cagA-positive H. pylori and gastric cancer, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR for the detection of this bacterial strain. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with gastric cancer were matched by sex and age (± 5 years with 58 patients without gastric cancer, submitted to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. All patients were evaluated for the status of infection by H. pylori (through urease test, histological analysis and PCR for the genes ureA and 16SrRNA and by cagA-positive strain (through PCR for cagA gene. RESULTS: Evaluating the presence of infection by cagA-positive H. pylori, it was verified that the rate of infection was significantly higher in the group with gastric cancer when compared with the matched controls, occurring in 62.1% and 29.3%, respectively (OR = 3.95; CI 95% 1.543-10.096. CONCLUSIONS: There is an association between cagA-positive H. pylori strain and risk of gastric cancer.

  8. Florística e estrutura da comunidade arbórea de um remanescente de Floresta Estacional Decidual de encosta, Monte Alegre, GO, Brasil Floristic and structure of a seasonal deciduous forest fragment, Monte Alegre, GO, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André R. Terra Nascimento

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivo descrever a composição de espécies arbóreas e a estrutura de um fragmento de Floresta Estacional Decidual, na região Nordeste de Goiás, Brasil. Foram levantadas 25 unidades amostrais quadradas de 20x20m, totalizando uma amostra de um hectare, sendo incluídos na amostragem todos os indivíduos com diâmetros iguais ou superiores a 5cm. Foram amostrados 663 indivíduos pertencentes a 52 espécies arbóreas, destacando-se pela densidade as espécies Combretum duarteanum Camb., Casearia rupestris Eichl., Myracrodruon urundeuva Fr. Allem., Machaerium acutifolium Vog. e Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. ex DC. Standl. Foram encontradas 21 famílias botânicas, com maior representatividade da família Leguminosae (17 espécies e das famílias Bignoniaceae (4 espécies, Anacardiaceae (3 espécies e Bombacaceae (3 espécies. A vegetação estudada apresentou dossel descontínuo e distribuição diamétrica desequilibrada, com valores do quociente de Liocourt "q" variando de q1= 0,66 a q6 = 0,14. Estes remanescentes florestais desempenham papel importante na manutenção da diversidade biológica e possuem espécies arbóreas madeiráveis de importância econômica, que se tornaram raras em outros locais da região Nordeste de Goiás.The objective of this study was to describe the floristic composition and the structure of the tree layer of a fragment of a seasonal deciduous forest in northeastern Goiás state, Brazil. A sample of 25 (20x20 plots was assessed totaling one hectare. All individuals for 5cm dbh were included in the survey. A total of 663 trees in 52 arboreal species was found; the most abundant species were Combretum duarteanum Camb., Casearia rupestris Eichl., Myracrodruon urundeuva Fr. Allem., Machaerium acutifolium Vog. and Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. ex DC. Standl. There were 21 families with a higher proportion of Leguminosae (17 species Bignoniaceae (4 species, Anacardiaceae (3 species and

  9. Comportamento fenológico e produtivo de marmeleiros em Veranópolis, RS Vegetative and productive behavior of quinces in Veranópolis, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Caetano Fioravanço

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Com este trabalho, avalia-se o comportamento de nove cultivares de marmeleiro (Cydonia oblonga Miller cultivadas em Veranópolis, RS, em relação à época de floração (início e final e maturação (início e final, massa média dos frutos, produção por planta (peso e número de frutos e produtividade por hectare. A coleção, constituída de três plantas por cultivar, foi implantada em 1995, no espaçamento de 5,0 m x 3,0 m (667 plantas/ha. As plantas foram conduzidas no sistema de líder central. Os resultados mostraram que o período de florescimento das cultivares de marmeleiro estudadas estende-se do final de agosto até outubro, enquanto a maturação dos frutos concentra-se no mês de fevereiro. Na média das três safras, as cultivares De Patras e Lageado foram as mais produtivas, enquanto 'Constantinopla' apresentou os frutos de maior massa média.The research evaluates the vegetative and productive behavior of nine cultivars of quince (Cydonia oblonga Miller cultivated in Veranópolis, RS, Brazil. Were studied the beginning and finish of flowering and maturation, mean fruit weight, plant production in number and weight and yield for hectare. The collection, constituted by three plants/cultivar, was planted in 1995 in a 5 x 3 m spacing (667 plants/ha. Plants were growing in central leader system. Results showed that the flowering period of quince cultivars studied go of end August to October, while the fruit ripening concentrate in February. In the average of three crops, the cv. De Patras and Lageado showed higher yield, while 'Constantinopla' showed higher average fruit weight.

  10. Síndrome metabólica em idosos da atenção terciária em Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul: associação com o índice de alimentação saudáve = Metabolic syndrome in elderly from tertiary health care in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: association with the healthy eating index

    OpenAIRE

    Closs, Vera Elizabeth; Feoli, Ana Maria Pandolfo; Schwanke, Carla Helena Augustin

    2016-01-01

    Objetivos: Avaliar a associação entre síndrome metabólica e Índice de Alimentação Saudável em idosos atendidos em um serviço de atenção terciária pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. Métodos: Estudo transversal, realizado no ambulatório do Serviço de Geriatria do Hospital São Lucas da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, em Porto Alegre, RS, entre novembro de 2009 e novembro de 2010. Foram convidados a participar do estudo todos os idosos atendidos no período, sendo excluídos aquele...

  11. Avaliação do potencial de melhoria dos processos de empresas de transporte rodoviário urbano: estudo de caso em três empresas de Porto AlegreRS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Borchardt

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Este artigo apresenta os dados obtidos a partir de estudos de casos em três empresas de transporte coletivo rodoviário urbano de Porto Alegre. O objetivo é identificar o potencial de melhoria dos processos destas organizações. Para tanto, foi desenvolvido um instrumento de diagnóstico que considera a realidade do setor de transporte por ônibus nesta cidade e sistemas de gestão baseados na melhoria dos processos, tais como: critérios de excelência do Prêmio ANTP de Qualidade, os princípios da Mentalidade Enxuta e do Lean Management. O conhecimento do cliente e de suas expectativas é um fator considerado relevante pelas três organizações estudadas. A integração da cadeia de valor do sistema de transporte é um dos parâmetros avaliados que apresenta o maior potencial de melhoria.

  12. Trajetórias de jovens em situação de vulnerabilidade social: sobre a realidade juvenil, violência intersubjetiva e políticas para jovens em Porto Alegre - RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Gadea

    Full Text Available Resumo O artigo tem por objetivos introduzir algumas reflexões acerca do significado contemporâneo do termo juventude, bem como realizar ponderações importantes em torno ao binômio juventude-violência. Quer-se, igualmente, apresentar alguns dados relevantes para compreender a situação de vulnerabilidade concreta de jovens que residem em certos bairros da cidade de Porto Alegre, na medida em que permitem deduzir as fortes relações entre violência, educação e família. Por último, o interesse recai em realizar uma breve crítica dos três principais paradigmas sobre políticas para jovens (em torno ao trabalho, à educação e ao esporte que classicamente se têm implementado. No contexto dessas reflexões, sugere-se considerar de importância o desenvolvimento de uma “cultura digital” e seu coadjuvante “capital social” para a eventual formulação de uma “nova” política para jovens que vivem em situação de vulnerabilidade social em contextos urbanos.

  13. Violência nos relacionamentos afetivo-sexuais entre adolescentes de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: busca de ajuda e rede de apoio Violencia en las relaciones afectivo-sexuales entre adolescentes de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: búsqueda de ayuda y red de apoyo Violence in affective and sexual relationships among adolescents in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: search for help and support networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Julia Marques Lopes

    2013-06-01

    problemas derivados de violencia y, cuando lo hicieron, buscaron principalmente amigos y familiares. Los profesionales de salud fueron poco citados por los adolescentes como fuente de ayuda. Se destaca la necesidad de cuestionar las implicaciones del sistema de atención a la salud en la prevención de la violencia y promoción de la salud de los adolescentes con vistas a la adopción de relaciones saludables.This study aimed to analyze the support network reported by adolescents dealing with violent situations in affective and sexual relationships. A quantitative approach was used for the epidemiological component and a qualitative approach for the data from interviews and focus groups. The sample consisted of 283 adolescents from 15 to 19 years of age who were sophomores at public and private high schools in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The quantitative data were analyzed by description of frequencies and analysis of associations between variables. For the qualitative data, thematic content analysis was used. The results showed that only 5% of the adolescents sought help for problems resulting from violence, and when they did so, they mainly turned to friends and family. Few adolescents cited healthcare professionals as a source of support. The study highlights the need to inquire into the implications for the healthcare system in the prevention of violence and health promotion for adolescents, aimed at the adoption of healthy relationships.

  14. Characterization of wet precipitation by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montanari Migliavacca, Daniela [Instituto de Biociencias, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Goncalves 9500, 91509-900 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Fundacao Estadual de Protecao Ambiental Henrique Luis Roessler, RS. Rua Carlos Chagas 55/802, 90030-020 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Calesso Teixeira, Elba, E-mail: gerpro.pesquisa@fepam.rs.gov.br [Fundacao Estadual de Protecao Ambiental Henrique Luis Roessler, RS. Rua Carlos Chagas 55/802, 90030-020 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Gervasoni, Fernanda; Vieira Conceicao, Rommulo [Instituto de Geociencias, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Goncalves 9500, 91509-900 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Raya Rodriguez, Maria Teresa [Instituto de Biociencias, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Goncalves 9500, 91509-900 Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)

    2009-11-15

    The purpose of this study is to assess the composition of wet precipitation in three sites of the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre. Besides the variables usually considered, such as pH, conductivity, major ions (Cl{sup -}, NO{sub 3}{sup -}, F{sup -}, SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}, Na{sup +}, K{sup +}, Mg{sup 2+}, NH{sub 4}{sup +} and Ca{sup 2+}) and metallic elements (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn and Ni), the suspended matter was examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), with energy dispersive system (EDS), for better identification of possible anthropogenic material in this wet precipitation. Results showed an alkaline pH in the samples analyzed and higher concentrations for Na{sup +}, Cl{sup -} and SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}. The acidification and neutralization potential between anions (SO{sub 4}{sup 2-} + NO{sub 3}{sup -}) and cations (Ca{sup 2+} + Mg{sup 2+} + K{sup +} + NH{sub 4}{sup +}) showed a good correlation (0.922). The metallic elements with highest values were Zn, Fe and Mn. Results of XRD identified the presence of some minerals such as quartz, feldspar, mica, clay, carbonates and sulfates. In samples analyzed with SEM, we detected pyroxene, biotite, amphibole and oxides. Cluster analysis (CA) was applied to the data matrix to identify potential pollution sources of metals (natural or anthropogenic) and the association with minerals found in the analysis of SEM.

  15. Estimativa da radiação solar global a partir dos dados de insolação, para Santa Maria - RS Estimation of global radiation from insolation data for Santa Maria, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galileo Adeli Buriol

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Foram determinados os coeficientes a e b da equação de Angströn-Prescott para a estimativa da radiação solar global para Santa Maria, RS. Utilizaram-se os dados diários da intensidade de fluxo de radiação solar global e de insolação (brilho solar registrados na Estação Meteorológica pertencente ao 8° Distrito de Meteorologia, localizada no Campus da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria - UFSM, período 2002-2008. Os dados foram copiados no banco de dados do 8° Distrito de Meteorologia - 8° DISME, em Porto Alegre, e calculados os valores diários de radiação solar global no topo da atmosfera e de insolação máxima possível, considerando a latitude local. Com esses dados, foram determinadas as equações mensais e estacionais de regressão para a estimativa da radiação solar global em função da insolação. Constatou-se que existe alta correlação entre os dados de radiação solar global com aqueles de insolação, sendo, assim, possível estimar a radiação solar global em função da insolação.Coefficients a and b of the Angströn - Prescott equation to estimate global solar radiation for Santa Maria, RS were determined. Daily data of global solar radiation and sunshine, were obtained from the Meteorological Station which belongs to the 8th District of Meteorology, located on the campus of the Federal University of Santa Maria - UFSM, period from 2002 to 2008. The mentioned data were copied from the database of the 8th District of Meteorology - 8th DISME in Porto Alegre. Top of atmosphere radiation and possible maximum sunshine were calculated considering local latitude. With such elements, monthly regression equations were determined for the estimation of solar radiation as a function of insolation. We found a high correlation between insolation and global solar radiation and it's possible to estimate the solar radiation depending on the measured insolation.

  16. Porto Alegre as a Counter-Hegemonic "Global City": Building Globalization from below in Governance and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandin, Luis Armando

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the case of Porto Alegre, Brazil as a counter-hegemonic global city. Porto Alegre is a city with no particular relevance to neoliberal globalization that, nevertheless, was launched to a global scale by transformations in local governance. New mechanisms of deliberative democracy captured the attention of social actors…

  17. Análise de distribuição de chuva para Santa Maria, RS Analysis of rainfall distribution for Santa Maria, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel C. da Silva

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available O estudo em pauta teve como objetivo analisar a distribuição da quantidade diária de precipitação e do número de dias com chuva e determinar a variação da probabilidade de ocorrência de precipitação diária, durante os meses do ano, em Santa Maria, RS. Os dados de precipitação utilizados foram obtidos durante 36 anos de observação, na Estação Climatológica do 8º Distrito de Meteorologia, localizada na Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (29º 43' 23" de latitude Sul e 53º 43' 15" de longitude Oeste, altitude 95 m. Analisaram-se as seguintes funções de distribuição de probabilidade: gama, Weibull, normal, log-normal e exponencial. As funções que melhor descreveram a distribuição das probabilidades foram gama e Weibull. O maior número de dias com chuva ocorreu durante os meses de inverno porém o volume de precipitação é menor nesses dias, resultando em total mensal semelhante para todos os meses do ano.The objectives of this study were to analyze the distribution of total daily rainfall data and the number of rainy-days, and to determine the probability variation of daily precipitation during the months of the year in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. A 36-year rainfall database measured at the Climatological Station of 8th District of Meteorology, located in Santa Maria Federal University (29º 43' 23" S and 53º 43' 15" W were used in the study. The following probability distribution functions were tested: gamma, Weibull, normal, lognormal and exponential. The functions that best described the frequency distribution were gamma and Weibull. There were more number of rainy days in the winter, but with less amount of rainfall, resulting in similar monthly total precipitation for the twelve months of the year.

  18. en Porto Alegre (Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Castellá Sarriera

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta un estudio realizado con 11 familias latinoamericanas inmigrantes en la Gran Porto Alegre1, Brasil. Su objetivo fue dar cuenta de los procesos identitarios a través de las dimensiones personal, cultural, étnica-racial y nacional de estas familias. Para ello, se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas que fueron analizadas a través del método de análisis de contenido, a partir de categorías a priori. Se encontró que estas familias viven procesos aculturativos de integración cultural en los que mantienen costumbres de su país de origen y se adaptan al país de acogida. Únicamente una de las familias entrevistadas presenta asimilación cultural, caracterizada por la pérdida de la cultura de origen.

  19. Quality of care, quality of life, and attitudes toward disabilities: perspectives from a qualitative focus group study in Porto Alegre, Brazil Calidad de atención, calidad de vida y actitudes hacia la discapacidad: perspectivas de un estudio cualitativo con grupos de discusión en Porto Alegre, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betina S. Mattevi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To explore the concepts of quality of life (QOL, quality of care (QOC, and attitudes toward disabilities in Porto Alegre, Brazil, from the perspective of people living with disabilities, including their relatives and caregivers. METHODS: This was a qualitative study that interviewed a total of 23 participants in five focus groups, during May-August 2006. After an open discussion about QOL, the WHOQOL-Bref, a generic questionnaire for the assessment of QOL, was presented to participants. The study was performed simultaneously in 15 international centers. Analysis was based on Bardin's content analysis. RESULTS: Regarding QOL, important themes that emerged were: work, education, leisure, universal accessibility, integration in the society, and social inclusion. Concerning QOC, professional qualifications, disabilities-related training for health and education professionals, and access to health services were considered important. Regarding attitudes toward disabilities, the participants perceived the attitudes of others, especially of caregivers, to significantly impact the QOL of people with disabilities. CONCLUSIONS: People living with disabilities value many of the same themes considered important by the general public; however, several additional themes specific to disabilities and specific to these groups of participants emerged. This information highlights the importance of taking into account the unique perceptions and cultural traits of the target population when measuring QOL, QOC, and attitudes toward disabilities.OBJETIVO: Explorar los conceptos de calidad de vida, calidad de atención y actitudes hacia la discapacidad en Porto Alegre, Brasil, desde la perspectiva de las personas con discapacidad, incluidos los familiares y cuidadores del individuo discapacitado. MÉTODOS: En este estudio cualitativo se entrevistaron 23 participantes en cinco grupos de discusión entre mayo y agosto del 2006. Después de un debate abierto

  20. Astyanax fasciatus as bioindicator of water pollution of Rio dos Sinos, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. H. SCHULZ

    Full Text Available The effects of an increasing downriver pollution gradient on the reproductive system of Astyanax fasciatus were investigated in the Rio dos Sinos, RS. The comparison of mean oocyte diameters, gonadal indices and gonado-somatic relationships of specimens captured in polluted areas with individuals from unpolluted reference sites revealed a significant decrease of these parameters with increasing water pollution. High loads of organic and industrial sewage are considered responsible for these effects. Condition factors showed an inverse relationship, and increased significantly in downriver polluted areas. The declining gonadal indices showed that energy was allocated to somatic growth. The results of the study recommend the use of A. fasciatus in biomonitoring essays.

  1. Astyanax fasciatus as bioindicator of water pollution of Rio dos Sinos, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SCHULZ U. H.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of an increasing downriver pollution gradient on the reproductive system of Astyanax fasciatus were investigated in the Rio dos Sinos, RS. The comparison of mean oocyte diameters, gonadal indices and gonado-somatic relationships of specimens captured in polluted areas with individuals from unpolluted reference sites revealed a significant decrease of these parameters with increasing water pollution. High loads of organic and industrial sewage are considered responsible for these effects. Condition factors showed an inverse relationship, and increased significantly in downriver polluted areas. The declining gonadal indices showed that energy was allocated to somatic growth. The results of the study recommend the use of A. fasciatus in biomonitoring essays.

  2. Perfil das intoxicações na infância atendidas pelo Centro de Informação Toxicológica do Rio Grande do Sul (CIT/RS, Brasil Caseload of poisoning among children treated by the Rio Grande do Sul State Toxicology Information Center (CIT/RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Luiza Job Ramos

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Estudo transversal descritivo analítico para estabelecer perfil das intoxicações em crianças de 0 a 4 anos, registradas no Centro de Informação Toxicológica do Rio Grande do Sul (CIT/RS, Porto Alegre, Brasil, 2003. Selecionados 1.311 casos, extraíram-se dados de crianças que sofreram intoxicação acidental individual dentro de suas residências. Em uma amostra do tipo aleatória sistemática de 286 pacientes, foram realizadas 21 entrevistas com responsáveis legais das crianças, utilizando-se instrumento estruturado. O perfil da intoxicação apresentou faixa etária de um ano; gênero masculino; via de exposição oral; agente tóxico localizado no chão da sala de estar ou no quarto; altura do móvel inferior a 30cm; horário da intoxicação entre 18h01-22h; tempo entre o acidente e a busca por uma conduta médica menor que 30 minutos; medicamento analgésico como agente tóxico; avaliação da intoxicação como não tóxica, evoluindo para a cura. Os dados indicam características relevantes quanto ao horário da intoxicação e local em que se encontravam os agentes tóxicos. A definição do perfil permite orientar e incrementar campanhas de prevenção de acidentes tóxicos na infância promovidas pelos órgãos públicos de saúde.This was an analytical, descriptive, cross-sectional study to establish the profile of poisonings among children 0 to 4 years of age reported to the Rio Grande do Sul State Toxicology Information Center (CIT/RS in Porto Alegre, Brazil, 2003. A total of 1,311 cases were selected and data were extracted on children who had suffered individual accidental poisoning inside the home. From a systematic random sample of 286 patients, 21 interviews were held with the children's parents or guardians, using a structured instrument. The typical profile of poisoning featured: < 1 year age bracket; male gender; oral exposure; poisonous agent located on living room or bedroom floor; furniture height < 30cm; time

  3. Evaluation of Pregnant and Postpartum Women's Knowledge about Toxoplasmosis in Rio Grande - RS, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Lis Maurente; Santos, Paula Costa; Scaini, Carlos James

    2016-11-01

    Introduction  Toxoplasmosis a parasitic zoonosis of global distribution, responsible for disorders during gestation can cause fetal death or congenital anomalies. Objective  To evaluate the knowledge of toxoplasmosis among pregnant and postpartum women treated at the University Hospital of the city of Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methods  This was a cross-sectional study of 100 pregnant and postpartum women at the University Hospital. Participants answered a self-administered questionnaire and gave consent for data relating to serological examinations to be abstracted from their medical records. Results  The proportion of women who received information about toxoplasmosis was higher among those who received care in the private health care system (52.9%) than among those cared for in the public health care system (25.0%). Only 55.7% of women reported having some knowledge about toxoplasmosis. Of these, 53.7% received information during the prenatal period. However, most participants were unable to answer questions about preventive measures and modes of infection. Of the 100 patients in the study, only 46 underwent serologic testing for toxoplasmosis, 65.2% of whom tested negative (IgG). Conclusion  Findings from this study are relevant to the training of health professionals regarding toxoplasmosis education and prevention. Improved education for health care providers and patients can lead to earlier diagnoses and reductions in adverse outcomes. Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

  4. Phytosociology analysis of a fragment of Seasonal Deciduous Forest: Parque Estadual do Turvo, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaelo Balbinot

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The ecosystem formed by the Seasonal Deciduous Forest (SDF predominates in the region of Alto Uruguay in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. This study aimed to analyze descriptively the floristic composition and the phytosociology of trees from a fragment of SDF present in Parque Estadual do Turvo (PET located in the Municipality of Derrubadas, Rio Grande do Sul State (Yucumã forest. We used the method of fixed area, based on 18 sample units with 1,000 m2 installed randomly oriented by the main road of the park. All wood species with diameter at 1.3 m above ground level (DBH greater than 10 cm were measured and identified. It was observed the presence of 842 individuals belonging to 32 families, 67 genera and 83 species (12% were not identified. The families with the highest number of species were Fabaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Meliaceae, Myrtaceae and Sapindaceae. Shannon index estimated was 3.72.

  5. Radiation in archaeometry applied to Taquari Valley, (Lajeado, RS-Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Watanabe, Shigueo; Gennari, Roseli F.; Alpendre, Fernanda M.; Machado, Neli G.

    2009-01-01

    In the present work, soil and archaeological ceramic samples from one archaeological site located in Taquari Valley, (Lajeado, RS), were investigated. Ceramics pottery fragments were dated using thermoluminescence method and analyzed by mass spectrometry. The samples were grounded, sieved, and then divided in two: a) the fraction with lower grain size diameters was used in the chemical analysis, b). the portion with intermediate size grain diameter was chemically leached, submitted to different doses and then finally the thermoluminescence was measured. The ages obtained varied from 385 up to 926 years BP. The chemical analysis of soil and ceramics was made using ICP-MS (Plasma Mass Spectrometry) analytical technique. The ICP-MS determination was performed in the solubilized samples. For solubilization of each sample it was used a microwave-assisted digestion technique. Mn ,Fe, Al, Ca, K, Ti, Mg, Na, Cr, V, Ni, Zn, Pb, Li, Cu, La, Ce, Th, U, Sr and Ba have been determined in the studied samples. To guarantee the analytical performance a series of certified reference materials were used (IAEA-Soil 7, and GSJ- JG1a, JA-3, JB2 and JB-3). The ICP-MS data treatment using hierarchical cluster analysis with the squared Euclidean distances was used to calculate dissimilarities between samples. In the resulting dendrogram, the distinct groups of samples were evidenced. (author)

  6. Erosividade e características hidrológicas das chuvas de Rio Grande (RS Erosivity and hydrological characteristics of rainfalls in Rio Grande (RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Gabriel Peñalva Bazzano

    2010-02-01

    ,0 % do intermediário e 24,2 % do atrasado. Da erosividade anual, 49,1 % correspondeu a chuvas do padrão avançado, 28,9 % a chuvas do padrão intermediário e 22,1 % a chuvas do padrão atrasado. O método da distribuição extrema tipo I foi adequado para obter as curvas de intensidade-duração-frequência. Os períodos de retorno da chuva podem ser calculados por meio das equações, utilizando os valores dos parâmetros encontrados, ou pelos gráficos das curvas de intensidade-duração-frequência.Specific rainfall characteristics vary among regions and their erosion potential must be known for the planning of agricultural and civil engineering activities. For Rio Grande (RS, Brazil, the erosivity and relationships with the precipitation and rainfall coefficient, rainfall hydrologic patterns and return period were determined based on rainfall data of 23 years. For each erosive rainfall the segments of the rainfall chart with the same intensity were separated together and the data registered in worksheets. The mean monthly and annual rainfall erosivity, the EI30 index in the International System of Units and the rainfall patterns were estimated using software Chuveros. The mean monthly values of precipitation and erosivity index were expressed as percentage of the mean annual values of these variables, resulting in the curve of accumulated distribution of precipitation and erosivity index in function of time. The rainfall coefficient (Rc was calculated. Pearson correlations and linear regressions between the erosivity index EI30 and the mean annual values of precipitation and rainfall coefficient were calculated. The rainfall return period was calculated for 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 years. The mean annual value of EI30 was 5135 MJ mm ha-1 h-1, which is to be used as "R" Factor in the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE for Rio Grande and surrounding regions with similar climatic conditions. The regression equations for EI30 and precipitation and rainfall

  7. Agricultura familiar e as rendas não-agrícolas na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre : um estudo de caso dos municípios de Dois Irmãos e Ivoti - RS

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Antonio Verardi Fialho

    2000-01-01

    Esta estudo discute a importância das rendas não-agrícolas na composição da renda total dos agricultores familiares de uma região fortemente marcada pela pluriatividade de seus produtores rurais. Os dados utilizados neste estudo foram obtidos a partir de uma pesquisa de campo realizada junto a 57 agricultores familiares dos municípios de Dois Irmãos e Ivoti, RS. A metodologia utilizada consistiu na identificação e quantificação das rendas agrícolas e não-agrícolas bem como na caracterização d...

  8. [Parasitism in Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Citrus orchards in Montenegro, RS, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahnke, Simone M; Redaelli, Luiza R; Diefenbach, Lúcia M G

    2006-01-01

    Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, the citrus-leafminer, is an important pest of citrus worldwide. Knowledge of natural parasitism levels is fundamental to the establishment of tactics of management and control of this species. This work aimed to evaluate the parasitism in two citrus orchards, one of 'Montenegrina' (Citrus deliciosa Ten.) and the other of 'Murcott' (C. sinensis (L.) Osbeck x C. reticulata Blanco), located in Montenegro, RS. In fortnightly samplings, from July/2001 to June/2003, all leaves containing P. citrella pupae from randomly selected plants were collected and maintained individually until emergence of the parasitoids or the citrus-leafminer. Parasitism was calculated considering the number of emerged parasitoids relative to the total number of emerged individuals. Correlation and linear regression tests were done to evaluate the relationship and the influence of biotic and abiotic factors upon the parasitism index. In both orchards the greatest parasitism percentage was registered on autumn in both years. The total percentage was 36.2% in 'Murcott' and 26.4% in 'Montenegrina' in the first year, and 30.2% and 37.6%, respectively, in the second year. In 'Murcott', this index did not differed between the years (chi2 = 2.06; df = 1; P > 0.05), in 'Montenegrina' the parasitism was significantly higher in the second year (chi2 = 7.36; df = 1; P < 0.05). The correlation and linear regression tests indicated a strong influence, in the parasitism index, of the host populational density registered in the previous 45 and 135 days.

  9. Phytosociology of a coastal peat forest of the Toto Beach, Municipality of Pelotas, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Schuch Lemos Venzke

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Floristic composition and structure of the tree component were analyzed in a coastal peat forest of the Toto Beach, located in the southern region of Lagoa dos Patos (31º43’39”S e 52º12’04”W. The phytosociological sampling was conducted on a sample area of 0.1 ha. All trees with DBH ≥ 4.8 cm were included. The species richness found was equivalent to 23 species distributed in 20 genera and 15 families. Two endangered species were sampled. The total tree density estimated for one hectare was equivalent to 3,480 trees. The most important species in the forest structure were Ocotea sp., Myrcia multiflora, Psidium cattleyanum, Ocotea pulchella, Myrsine lorentziana, Citharexyllum myrianthum, Ilex dumosa, Syagrus romanzoffiana, Guapira opposita and Sebastiania brasiliensis. The species diversity estimated by the Shannon index was 2,174 nats.ind.-1 and evenness (J was 0.684. The forest structure, number of taxa and diversity are similar to other surveys carried out in swamp forests of southern and southeastern Brazil. These parameters must be considered in the environmental licensing and ecological restoration projects of this forest type.

  10. GROUNDWATER QUALITY EVALUATION OF PERMANENT PRESERVATION AREAS (GUARANI AQUIFER SYSTEM - GAS, RIO PARDO HYDROGRAPHICAL BASIN, RS, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adilson Ben da Costa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to evaluate the quality of groundwater in areas of permanent preservation (Guarani Aquifer System – GAS in the Rio Pardo Hydrographical Basin, RS, Brazil, using physical, chemical and microbiological variables, based on resolution no. 396/2008 of the National Council on the Environment - CONAMA. Nine sampling points were distributed throughout the basin, where groundwater was classified as the major ions through the Piper diagram. The results indicated that most of the wells evaluated were classified in Class 4, accounting for water uses less restrictive. However, it should be considered that the aquifers are characterize by different geological conditions, having intrinsical physical, chemical and biological variables with hydrogeochemical variations, requiring that their quality levels are often based on these characteristics, as noted in diagram Piper, where the samples P1, P2, P3, P5 and P9 were classified as calcium bicarbonate, the waters of the points P4, P6, P7 as sodium bicarbonate and P8 as sulfated. It was found that the quality of water from wells with depths less than 6 m are becoming more vulnerable due to anthropogenic activities, as showing by the concentration of nitrate, total and thermotolerant coliforms, while the quality of water from deeper wells basically depends on their hydrogeological and hydrogeochemical characteristics based on the concentration of sodium and sulfate variables. However, they also showed contamination by human activities, mainly by the nitrate variable.

  11. Cardiovascular disease risk factors in Caxias do Sul-RS, Brazil adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Giordani Vasques

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite most part of cardiovascular diseases occur in adult life, the process frequently initiate in adolescence. The purpose was to analyze cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents from Caxias do Sul-RS. In this cross-sectional epidemiological study, 1.675 adolescents aged 11 to 17 years were analyzed selected in a proportional randomized conglomerates method by city sector, type of school, and school grade. Risk factors prevalences were: family history (82.4%, athrogenic diet (74.7%, low cardiorespiratory fitness (61.6%, sedentariness (55.8%, elevated blood pressure (28.4%, high waist circumference (27.7%, excess of body fat (26.5%, etilism (22.3%, overweight (19.7%, smoking (6.2%, and alcohol abusive use (4.3%. Boys presented higher prevalence of atherogenic diet (79.4%>70.7%, while girls of sedentariness (66.8%>43.2%, low cardiorespiratory fitness (69.4%>53.0%, smoking (7.9%>4.3%, high waist circumference (32.9%>21.7%, and excess of fat (32.5%>19.7%. In girls, it was associated to sedentariness the age of 15-17y (PR=1.30, living until four people at home (PR=1.17, and to present sedentary behaviours more than 14 hours/week (PR=1.21, to present atherogenic diet (PR=1.12 and low fitness (PR=1.21. In boys, sedentariness was associated to low fitness (PR=1.21. Low cardiorespiratory fitness was associated in girls to the age of 15-17y (PR=1.43, and to mother sedentariness (PR=1.13, and in boys to passive transport to school (PR=1.18. To girls and boys, respectively, sedentariness (PR=1.19 and PR=1.17, overweight (PR=1.16 and PR=1.24, and excess of body fat (PR=1.14 and PR=1.51 were associated to low fitness. Physical activity interventions must be focused on girls, aged 15 to 17 years, living until four people, and exposed to sedentary behaviours. It is recommended more attention to girls in interventions on physical activity, smoking, and excess of weight, and to boys, in food habits

  12. Sporothrix schenckii in a hospital and home environment in the city of Pelotas/RS - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella S. Mattei

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This study describes the isolation of S. schenckii in hospital and home environments in Brazil. Samples were collected from surfaces of a veterinary service place and at home. S. schenckii was detected in 1.5% of the samples from the hospital environment. However, this fungus was isolated from all sampled areas in home environments. The isolation of S. schenckii deonstrates that these surfaces could act as infection sources to anials and huans. Therefore, employees and pet owners could be exposed to this agent, and the contamination, through surfaces, could occur through the traumatic inoculation of the fungus or by direct contact with pre-existing lesions.Esse estudo descreve o isolamento de S. schenckii em ambiente hospitalar e domiciliar, no Brasil. Foram colhidas amostras de superfície de local de atendimento veterinário e ambiente domiciliar. S. schenckii foi isolado em 1,5% das amostras do ambiente hospitalar. Entretanto, esse fungo foi isolado em todas as amostras do ambiente domiciliar. O isolamento do S. schenckii demonstra a importância dessas superfícies atuarem como fontes de infecção para animais e humanos. Portanto, funcionários e proprietários de animais de estimação estariam expostos a esse agente e a contaminação, através das superfícies, poderia ocorrer pela inoculação traumática do fungo ou pelo contato direto com lesões pré-existentes.

  13. Energy generation potential from coals of the Charqueadas Coalfield, RS, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa da Silva, Z. C.; Heemann, R.; Castro, L.; Ketzer, J. M.

    2009-04-01

    Three coal seams, I2B (Inferior 2), I1F (Inferior 1) and MB, from the Charqueadas Coalfield located in the central-east region of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil were studied on the basis of geological, petrographic, chemical and geochemical techniques and correlated to the SR1, SR2 and SR3 coal seams from the Santa Rita Coalfield. The Charqueadas Coalfield reserves reach 2,993x106 metric tons of coal distributed in six coal seams. The study of sedimentary and organic facies is made on the subsurface data from five boreholes drilled in the area. There show a well marked lateral facies change from sub aquatic to sub aerial environment, conditioned by both the water level variations and the irregular palaeotopography of the basement. The coals change from limnic to forest-terrestrial moor types characterized by variations of composition in terms of macerals, microlithotypes and mineral matter. The coals are rich in mineral matter (28 to 40%); the vitrinite content reaches 50 %, inertinite 44 % and liptinite varies from 10 to 30 %, in mineral matter free basis. Among the microlithotypes carbominerite and vitrite are predominant. Rank studies carried out by different methods (vitrinite reflectance, max and red-green quotient among others) gave conflicting results, which are explained by the strong bituminization of the vitrinite. However, agreement between fluorescence measurements and organic geochemical parameters (e.g. CPI values) confirm that the coals are of a High Volatile Bituminous B/C (ASTM) or Gasflammkohle (DIN) rank. Based on these characteristics, the Charqueadas coal seams show great potential for use in Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) and Enhanced Coalbed Methane (ECBM) projects. Nowadays the state of Rio Grande do Sul is rapidly growing and needs to increase the energy efficiency to attend the industrial demands, filling the gap between supply and energy generation. As with conventional IGCC, UCG gas can be used to generate

  14. Age and gender as risk factors for the transmission of HIV in a sample of drug users of Porto Alegre, Brazil Idade e gênero como fatores de risco para a transmissão do HIV em uma amostra de usuários de drogas, Porto Alegre, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel De Boni

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To verify the association between age and gender regarding HIV seropositivity in drug users who seek public health centers in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Methods: The authors designed a cross-sectional study with a convenience sampling of 695 men and women aged above 15, who reported recent drug use and risk behaviors to HIV exposure. We used a standard questionnaire (CRA, Brazilian version of the RAB, Risk Assessment Battery to assess risk behaviors and we collected blood for HIV testing. Results: Most individuals were males (75,8%, with a mean age of 29.4 years, less than seven years of schooling (42,4%, and family income equal or superior to four minimum wages (46%. There was no significant association between gender and seropositivity. Multivariate analyses showed that individuals aged above 30 had a three-fold increased odds of being seropositive over subjects aged 20 or less. Intravenous drug users who had been using drugs since 1980 had five-fold odds of seropositivity and those who had been using them in the month prior to the interview had four-fold odds. Discussion: Subjects aged more than 30 showed higher odds of seropositivity than the younger group. This is possibly due to a higher use of intravenous cocaine and to having more risk behaviors along their lifetime. There was no difference in seropositivity between genders, what differs from current data of other studies, if we take into consideration that rates of populational seropositivity among women have increased, mostly among drug users, who are, therefore, at 'double risk'. The development of further studies is mandatory in order to assess gender and age as risk factors for seropositivity, whether to confirm or to deny these findings, and to plan specific strategies for high-risk groups.Objetivo: Verificar se idade e gênero estão relacionados à soropositividade para HIV em usuários de drogas que procuram centros de atendimento em saúde de Porto Alegre. Método: Estudo

  15. Caracterização de matérias-primas cerâmicas do Vale do Rio Caí Characterization of ceramic raw materials from the Caí River Valley, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. E. Zorzi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como objetivo a caracterização química e mineralógica de matérias-primas argilosas utilizadas pelas indústrias cerâmicas do Vale do Rio Caí, RS. Essa região, situada entre Porto Alegre e a Serra Gaúcha, é o maior centro produtor cerâmico para construção civil do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Apesar da importância da indústria cerâmica para a economia local e do Estado, a grande maioria das argilas disponíveis para consumo nunca foi caracterizada satisfatoriamente e não existem dados técnicos e científicos que possam orientar tanto a correta exploração das jazidas quanto o desenvolvimento de produtos cerâmicos de maior valor agregado. Neste trabalho foram feitas análises por fluorescência e difração de raios X das principais argilas utilizadas pela indústria cerâmica da região. De acordo com o método de análise hierárquica de agrupamentos e tendo como base a composição química das amostras, foram identificados três grupos de matérias-primas: argilas residuais (ou primárias e dois grupos de argilas transportadas (ou secundárias. A diferenciação das matérias-primas em grupos se manifesta também na composição de fases das amostras, tal como determinada por difração de raios X e análise racional.This work aims to characterize the chemistry and mineralogy of clay raw materials used in the heavy clay industry of the Caí River Valley, in southern Brazil. This region lies between Porto Alegre and Serra Gaúcha and is regarded as the major production center of brick and tiles in the Rio Grande do Sul. Despite the importance of this activity for both the local and state economy, the vast majority of clay raw materials have never been satisfactorily characterized, so there is not adequate data to guide its correct exploitation or to allow the development of ceramic products of higher quality. In this work X-ray fluorescence and diffraction were applied to analyze the clays largely used by

  16. Evaluation of chromosome aberration frequency instable in individual groups residents at the municipality of Monte Alegre, Para, Brazil, exposed to radon; Avaliacao da frequencia de aberracoes cromossomicas instaveis em grupos de individuos residentes no municipio de Monte Alegre - PA expostos diferencialmente ao radonio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yunes, Samira Nogarol

    2010-07-01

    The municipality of Monte Alegre is a region that presents natural radiation high due to the presence of the radionuclide uranium ({sup 238}U) in its soil, which through its decay gives rise to element Rn, a gas. The radioactivity of the rocks has become a problem for the population of Monte Alegre, from the moment when the radioactive material began to be used in the construction of houses and paving of streets. Among all bio markers related to environmental exposures and its biological effects, the chromosomal aberrations are considered good bio markers as predictors of the risk of cancer. Studies suggest that the frequency of chromosomal aberrations may be related to the genetic instability individual and/or exposure to ionizing radiation. Our work aimed to evaluate the frequency of chromosomal aberrations in individuals in the region of high natural radioactivity in Monte Alegre-PA. As well as to correlate the cytogenetic analysis made in this study with the results of analysis of frequency of polymorphisms of genes of DNA repair carried out in another study that resulted in other dissertation. In accordance with the distribution of the data obtained in characterizing environmental radiological and in the calculation of dose, were chosen residents of homes with more and less exposure to radiation. The samples of peripheral blood of 85 individuals of the resident population of the region of Monte Alegre - PA were collected and examine provided two slides for individual was performed to verify the quality of the sample. Through this evaluation we decide that 33% of the material collected, or is, samples of 28 individuals were in suitable conditions for analysis of the frequency of chromosomal aberrations. After the collections lymphocytes present in the sample were cultivated in accordance with the methodology proposed for obtaining of cells in metaphase. were analyzed 6,177 metaphases of 28 individuals among which were found dicentric chromosomes 4 and 19

  17. Plantas hospedeiras de lepidópteros minadores em pomar de citros em Montenegro-RS Host plants of lepidoptera leafminers in citrus orchard in Montenegro- RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaína Pereira dos Santos

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivos verificar e identificar lepidópteros minadores em plantas de crescimento espontâneo, presentes em pomar de citros, e verificar se o "minador-das-folhas-dos-citros", Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidóptera: Gracillariidae, ocorre nessas plantas espontâneas. O trabalho foi conduzido em um pomar de tangoreiro 'Murcott', em Montenegro- RS. Realizaram-se amostragens quinzenais, de maio de 2003 a maio de 2004, coletando-se, em cada ocasião, todas as plantas e/ou ramos com minas, contidas na área delimitada por um aro de 0,28 m2, que era jogado nas linhas e nas entrelinhas de 30 árvores sorteadas. As plantas hospedeiras dos minadores foram coletadas para identificação. Registraram-se 11 espécies de lepidópteros minadores, distribuídas em seis famílias, coletadas em 15 espécies de plantas hospedeiras de nove famílias botânicas. A comunidade de plantas de crescimento espontâneo, na área amostrada, hospedou uma vasta diversidade de lepidópteros minadores, incluindo até possíveis novas famílias, porém não hospedaram P. citrella.This study aimed to verify and to identify Lepidopterous leafminers in plants of spontaneous growth present in citrus orchard and to verify the occurrence of "citrus leafminer", Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae, on those plants of spontaneous growth. The work was conducted in Montenegro, RS, in a tangor 'Murcott' hybrid orchard. Samplings were taken every fortnightly, from May, 2003 to May, 2004, collecting in each occasion all plants and or branches with mines found in a area delimited by an 0.28 m² arch thrown in the lines and between lines of 30 randomly chosen trees. The host plants of the leafminers were collected for identification. Eleven species of Lepidoptera leafminers were found distributed in six families, collected in 15 species of host plants of nine botanical families. The community of plants of spontaneous growth in the studied area hosted a

  18. Hotel business in Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Schlieper Castilho

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to discuss the beginnings and evolution of hotel business in Porto Alegre City, relating the upsurge of these facilities with its historic context and locating them in time and space. This study identifies, classifies and discusses several types of lodging facilities settled between 1732 and 1940 and describes the particular characteristics of each one. This article also discusses the importance of selected hotels that became markers of the social and political history of the city.

  19. Prevalência de sintomas de asma e tratamento de crianças e adolescentes de 2 a 14 anos no Campus Aproximado da PUCRS Prevalence of asthma symptoms and treatment of children and adolescents from 2 to 14 years of age in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brasília Itália C. S. Ache

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Nas últimas décadas tem havido aumento da prevalência da asma. OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência de sintomas de asma em crianças e adolescentes de 2 a 14 anos em Porto Alegre (RS, relacionando-a com o perfil socioeconômico, tratamento e hábito de fumar intradomiciliar. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal em que foram entrevistadas todas as famílias atendidas em junho de 2000. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de sintomas de asma foi de 49,5%. Em 66,8% das famílias a renda era inferior a quatro salários mínimos e em mais de 50% a escolaridade materna e paterna era menor que cinco anos. Em 98,5% não havia utilização de tratamento preventivo para asma. Nas 174 famílias estudadas 38,7% das mães, 43,7% dos pais e 32,7% de ambos eram fumantes. Houve associação entre as seguintes variáveis: exposição ao fumo intradomiciliar e número de crises de asma no último ano (p = 0,02; RR = 2,9; IC: 1,1 - 4,5; escolaridade materna e número de crises no último ano (p = 0,03; RR = 2,03; IC: 1,01 - 4,19; aglomeração e número de crises no último ano entre as crianças expostas ao fumo (p = 0,04; RR = 2,7; IC: 1,4 - 5,1; hospitalização e número de crises no último ano (p = 0,004; RR = 1,46; IC: 1,15 -1,86; hospitalização e aglomeração (p = 0,03; RR = 1,47; IC: 1,15 -1,86. Nos menores de cinco anos, houve associação entre fumo materno e número de crises no último ano (p = 0,03; RR = 1,79; IC: 1,04 - 3,08. CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência de sintomas de asma foi alta. A comunidade estudada é limitada do ponto de vista socioeconômico e não trata adequadamente a enfermidade, o que demonstra necessidade de atendimento priorizado, normatizado e com insumos e processos avaliativos para controle da doença.BACKGROUND: In recent decades, the prevalence of asthma has increased. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of asthma symptoms in children and adolescents from 2 to 14 years of age living in Porto Alegre (in the state of Rio Grande

  20. Pesquisa de Acinetobacter sp e Pseudomonas aeruginosa produtores de metalo-β-lactamase em hospital de emergência de Porto Alegre, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Investigation of metallo-β-lactamase-producing Acinetobacter sp and Pseudomonas aeruginosa at an emergency hospital in Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vani Dos Santos Laranjeira

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O aparecimento de Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Acinetobacter sp produtores de metalo-β-lactamases (MBLs é um desafio para os hospitais. MÉTODOS: Verificou-se a produção de MBL em cepas clínicas de Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Acinetobacter sp de um hospital de emergência de Porto Alegre pelo método de aproximação de disco e E-test MBL. Os genes bla foram pesquisados pela PCR. RESULTADOS: Duas cepas de Pseudomonas aeruginosa e oito Acinetobacter sp demonstraram fenótipo de MBLs. A amplificação do gene blaSPM-1 confirmou a enzima em P. aeruginosa.. CONCLUSÕES: Deve-se ter cautela ao avaliar testes fenotípicos utilizados na detecção rotineira de metalo-enzima.INTRODUCTION: The appearance of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter sp. is a challenge for hospitals. METHODS: The production of MBL in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter sp. From an emergency hospital in Porto Alegre was investigated using the disk approximation test and MBL E-test. The bla genes were determined using PCR. RESULTS: Two strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and eight of Acinetobacter sp were shown to be MBL phenotypes. Amplification of the blaSPM-1 gene confirmed the presence of the enzyme in P. aeruginosa. CONCLUSIONS: Caution is needed in evaluating phenotype tests used for routine detection of metallo-β-lactamases.

  1. Determination of the frequency of polymorphisms in genes related to the genome stability maintenance of the population residing at Monte Alegre, PA (Brazil) municipality; Determinacao da frequencia de polimorfismos em genes relacionados a manutencao da estabilidade do genoma na populacao residente no municipio de Monte Alegre, PA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hozumi, Cristiny Gomes

    2010-07-01

    The human exposure to ionizing radiation coming from natural sources is an inherent feature of human life on earth, for man and all living things have always been exposed to these sources. Ionizing radiation is a known genotoxic agent which can affect the genomic stability and genes related to DNA repair may play a role when they have committed certain polymorphism. This study aimed to analyze the frequency of polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes of DNA repair and cell cycle control: hOGG1 (Ser326Cys), XRCC3 (Thr241 Met) and p53 (Arg72Pro) in saliva samples from a population located Monte Alegre, state of Para were collected in August 2008 and 40 samples of men and 46 samples of women, adding a total of 86 samples. By RFLP was determined the frequency of homozygous genotypes and / or heterozygous for polymorphic genes. The I)OGG1 gene was 5% of the allele 326Cys, XRCC3 gene found about 21 % of the allele 241 Met and p53 gene showed 40.8% of the 72Pro allele. And the genotype frequencies of individuals for the three genes were 91.04%, 88.06% and 59.7% for homozygous wild genotype, 5.97%, 11.94% and 22.39% for heterozygote genotype and 2,99%, zero and 17:91% for homozygous polymorphic hOGG1 genes respectively, XRCC3, p53. These values are similar to those found in previous studies. The influence of these polymorphisms, which are involved in DNA repair and consequent genotoxicity induced by radiation depends on dose and exposure factors such as smoking, which is statistically a factor in public health surveillance in the region. This study gathered information and molecular epidemiology in Monte Alegre, that help to characterization of local population. (author)

  2. Evaluation of the frequency of polymorphisms in XRCC1 (Arg399Gln) and XPD (Lys751Gln) genes related to the genome stability maintenance in individuals of the resident population from Monte Alegre, PA/Brazil municipality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Duarte, Isabelle Magliano

    2010-01-01

    The human exposure to ionizing radiation coming from natural sources is an inherent feature of human life on Earth. Ionizing radiation is a known genotoxic agent, which can affect biological molecules, causing DNA damage and genomic instability. The cellular system of DNA repair plays an important role in maintaining genomic stability by repairing DNA damage caused by genotoxic agents. However, genes related to DNA repair may have their role committed when presenting a certain polymorphism. This study intended to analyze the frequency of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes of DNA repair XRCC1 (Arg39-9Gln) and XPD (Lys751Gln) in a: population of the city of Monte Alegre, that resides in an area of high exposure to natural radioactivity. Samples of saliva were collected from individuals of the population of Monte Alegre, in which 40 samples were of male and 46 female. Through the use of RFLP (length polymorphism restriction fragment) the frequency of homozygous genotypes and / or heterozygous was determined for polymorphic genes. The XRCC1 gene had 65.4% of the presence of the allele 399Gln and XPD gene had 32.9% of the 751Gln allele. These values are similar to those found in previous studies for the XPD gene, whereas XRCC1 showed a frequency much higher than described in the literature. The. influence of these polymorphisms, which are involved in DNA repair and consequent genotoxicity induced by radiation depends on dose and exposure factors such as smoking, statistically a factor in public health surveillance in the region. This study gathered information and molecular epidemiology for risk assessment of cancer in the population of Monte Alegre. (author)

  3. Ocorrência de Trypanosoma evansi em eqüinos no município de Cruz Alta, RS, Brasil Occurrence of Trypanosoma evansi in equines in Cruz Alta, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Régis Adriel Zanette

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar a ocorrência de Trypanosoma evansi em eqüinos no município de Cruz Alta, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, abordando aspectos epidemiológicos e sinais clínicos da infecção. A tripanosomose ocorreu em uma propriedade rural no município de Cruz Alta. Ao exame clínico, observou-se que quatro dos animais apresentavam marcha oscilante, com incoordenação dos membros posteriores. No entanto, eles estavam em bom estado nutricional, sem febre, bem hidratados e alimentavam-se normalmente. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue das éguas para hemograma, sendo identificado aumento das proteínas plasmáticas, leucocitose, eosinofilia e linfocitose em animais com sinais clínicos. No esfregaço sangüíneo periférico, observou-se a forma flagelada do T. evansi em três dos eqüinos.This study aimed at describing the occurrence of Trypanosoma evansi in equines from the city of Cruz Alta, RS, Brazil, relating epidemiological aspects and clinical signs of the infection. The tripanosomiasis occurred in a rural area of Cruz Alta, RS. Clinical signs presented by four animals were stiff and incoordinated gait of the pelvic members, although they were in good nutritional status, without fever, well-hydrated and eating normally. Blood samples were collected from the mares for hemogram. Increased levels of plasmatic proteins, leukocytosis, eosinophilia, and limphocytosis were observed in animals with clinical signs. Flagellated forms of T. evansi were observed in the blood smear of three animals.

  4. A negociação do sexo seguro na TV: discursos de gênero nas falas de agentes comunitárias de saúde do Programa Saúde da Família de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Safe sex negotiation on TV: gender discourses among female community health workers under the Family Health Program in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora Lúcia Leidens Correa de Oliveira

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa, com base numa pesquisa realizada no ano de 2003, o entendimento de agentes comunitárias de saúde do Programa Saúde da Família de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, sobre a noção de "negociação de sexo seguro" veiculada nas campanhas de prevenção à AIDS que são endereçados às mulheres. A pesquisa tinha como foco de análise alguns dos anúncios televisivos que integraram as campanhas implementadas pelo Ministério da Saúde no Brasil, no período de 1994 a 2000. A análise foi informada pelas vertentes dos estudos feministas e culturais que se aproximam da perspectiva pós-estruturalista de Michel Foucault e tinha como objetivo produzir subsídios para uma leitura crítica desse tipo de estratégia educativa para a prevenção da AIDS, em especial no que se refere às relações de gênero ali representadas. A análise das informações sugere que os conhecimentos e práticas que circunscrevem o discurso da negociação do sexo seguro incorporam, re-produzem ou veiculam representações hegemônicas de masculinidade e feminilidade e que estas diferenciam e hierarquizam mulheres em relação aos homens e/ou diferenciam mulheres de outras mulheres, produzindo e/ou reforçando preconceitos e desigualdades.This paper analyzes the understanding among female community health workers in the Family Health Program in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, concerning the notion of safe sex negotiation promoted by the Brazilian government in AIDS prevention campaigns targeting women. The paper is based on empirical data gathered in 2003. The study focused on TV advertisements used in campaigns by the Brazilian Ministry of Health from 1994 to 2000. The analytical approach was informed by feminist and cultural studies, taken from a post-structuralist and Foucauldian perspective. The research aimed to produce knowledge to support a critical reading of such education for HIV/AIDS prevention, especially concerning

  5. Prevalência de angina pectoris em Pelotas, RS Prevalence of angina pectoris in Pelotas, south of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Alves

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A cardiopatia isquêmica é a doença responsável pelo maior número de mortes no mundo, sendo a angina sua principal manifestação. OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência de angina e de possível angina e sua distribuição conforme as principais características sócio-demográficas entre adultos com idade igual ou maior que 40 anos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de base populacional com moradores da área urbana da cidade de Pelotas (RS entre os meses de outubro e dezembro de 2007. Foi adotado o plano de amostragem por conglomerados em dois estágios - setores censitários e domicílios. As prevalências de angina e de possível angina foram definidas de acordo com o questionário de Rose. Essas condições foram avaliadas conforme as características sócio-demográficas: idade, sexo, cor da pele, condição econômica e escolaridade. Para a coleta dos dados, foram aplicados questionários padronizados por meio de entrevista com os indivíduos em seus domicílios. A taxa de não respondentes foi de 6,8%. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de angina entre os 1.680 indivíduos participantes do estudo foi de 8,2 % (IC 95%: 6,7 - 9,6, enquanto a de possível angina, 12,3% (IC 95%: 10,6 - 14,0. As prevalências de angina e de possível angina foram maiores entre os indivíduos do sexo feminino, de cor da pele preta/parda, de pior condição econômica e de menor escolaridade. A prevalência de angina foi maior entre indivíduos mais velhos. Não se observou diferença para possível angina. CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência de angina e de possível angina mostrou-se alta, acometendo cerca de 20% da população de Pelotas.BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death in the world and angina is its cardinal manifestation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of angina and possible angina and its distribution by main demographic and socioeconomic characteristics among adults 40 years of age or older. METHODS: This is a population

  6. Adequação dos encaminhamentos de gestações de alto-risco na rede básica de atenção à saúde de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil High risk pregnancy referrals adequacy in the basic health services of Port Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Alberto Buchabqui

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: verificar as causas mais prevalentes e a adequação dos encaminhamentos das pacientes de pré-natal oriundas de Porto Alegre, do anel metropolitano e de cidades do interior. MÉTODOS: foram revisados 821 encaminhamentos para o Ambulatório de Gestação de Alto Risco do Hospital Fêmina, do Grupo Hospitalar Conceição, no período de julho de 1997 a julho de 2000. Os encaminhamentos foram classificados como: confirmado, acrescido, modificado, inconclusivo ou não confirmado. RESULTADOS: 201 (24,5% encaminhamentos foram inadequados. A inadequação foi mais freqüente em gestantes não oriundas da área metropolitana e pertencentes a faixas mais jovens, cujas causas mais freqüentes foram encaminhamentos de origem administrativas e não informadas. Os índices Kappa entre os diagnósticos feitos pelo serviço básico e pelo serviço de referência foram de 0,28 e 0,41, respectivamente. CONCLUSÕES: houve baixa concordância diagnóstica entre os observadores. Há necessidade de treinamento para dar maior resolutividade aos serviços de atenção básica, especialmente para os médicos de fora da área metropolitana.OBJECTIVES: to determine the most prevailing causes and referral adequacy of prenatal patients from Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, metropolitan and rural areas. METHODS: 821 referrals to the High Risk Pregnancy Clinic of the Hospital Fêmina of the Grupo Hospitalar Conceição, from July 1997 to July 2000 were reviewed. Referrals were classified as: confirmed, added, modified, not conclusive or not confirmed. RESULTS: 201 (24.5% were considered inadequate. Most common causes for referring pre-natal patients were arterial hypertension and diabetes. Inadequacy was more frequent in pregnant women residing out of the metropolitan area and among the younger ones. The most frequent inadequacy causes were referrals based on bureaucratic reasons and lack of information. Kappa rates among diagnosis performed by primary care

  7. Crescimento populacional, ocupação e desemprego dos jovens: a experiência recente da Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre Population growth, labor by youth and unemployment: the recent experience of the Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raul Luís Assumpção Bastos

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo investiga o quanto o tamanho relativo da população juvenil na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre (RMPA afetou a ocupação e o desemprego desse segmento no período 1993-2004. Esta questão ganha relevância no presente tanto pelo fato de que diversos estudos têm apontado a ocorrência do fenômeno de uma onda jovem nas principais regiões metropolitanas do país, nos anos 90, quanto pela correlata observação de uma tendência à elevação do desemprego entre os jovens no período. Assim, primeiramente, é feita uma síntese dos argumentos a respeito dos efeitos do tamanho relativo da coorte juvenil sobre a situação deste grupo populacional no mercado de trabalho. Em seguida, identificam-se as principais tendências da população e da força de trabalho juvenil no mercado de trabalho da RMPA, bem como se estimam os efeitos do tamanho relativo da coorte juvenil sobre a ocupação e o desemprego desse grupo populacional.This article studies to what extent the relative size of the young population in the Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre (RMPA affected employment and unemployment of this group between 1993 and 2004. This question has taken on considerable importance, based on two different factors. The first is the fact that a number of studies have indicated the occurrence of the phenomenon of a wave of youth in the largest metropolitan areas in the country during the 1990s. Secondly, the concomitant trend toward higher unemployment among youth during this same period. The article is organized in the following way: after the Introduction, Section 2 presents a synthesis of the arguments regarding the effects of the relative size of the cohort of youth on the situation of this group in the labor market. Section 3 identifies the main trends of the younger population within the labor market in the RMPA and estimates the effects of the relative size of this cohort on the employment and unemployment of this population group

  8. Avaliação da presença de microrganismos indicadores higiênico-sanitários em alimentos servidos em escolas públicas de Porto Alegre, Brasil Evaluation of the presence of hygienic and sanitary indicator microorganisms in food served in public schools in Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Ribeiro de Itapema Cardoso

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem por objetivo avaliar a presença de microrganismos indicadores higiênico-sanitários em amostras de alimentos servidos em escolas públicas de Porto Alegre. Foram analisados todos os alimentos servidos na refeição do turno da visita, quanto à presença de Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus coagulase positiva, Salmonella sp. e Shigella sp. No total de 196 alimentos analisados de 120 escolas, 4 apresentavam contagem de Escherichia coli acima do permitido e dois tinham a presença de Staphylococcus coagulase positiva. Os gêneros Shigella e Salmonella não foram encontrados. Foi observado que a maioria das escolas estudadas servia alimentos dentro de padrões higiênico-sanitários adequados. Foi evidenciado que somente escolas municipais contavam com a orientação de responsável técnico pela alimentação escolar. Das escolas estaduais 60% nunca haviam recebido visita de nutricionista nas quais foram encontrados procedimentos em desacordo com as exigências da legislação. Na maioria das escolas, os alimentos servidos estavam dentro de padrões adequados, porém os problemas detectados demonstram a necessidade da implantação das Boas Práticas no ambiente escolar.The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of hygienic and sanitary indicator microorganisms in samples of food served in public schools in Porto Alegre. All the food served in the meal of the session visited was analyzed for Escherichia coli, coagulase-positive Staphylococcus, Salmonella sp. and Shigella sp. Of the total of 196 food products analyzed in 120 schools, 4 contained and Escherichia coli score above the permitted level, and 2 contained coagulase-positive Staphylococcus. Neither Shigella nor Salmonella genus were detected. In the majority of schools studied, it was found that food was of an adequate hygienic-sanitary standard. However, only municipal schools had the supervision of a technician responsible for school food. In the state

  9. Odontogenic cysts: analysis of 680 cases in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prockt, Anderson P; Schebela, Clarissa R; Maito, Fábio D M; Sant'Ana-Filho, Manoel; Rados, Pantelis V

    2008-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of 680 odontogenic cysts diagnosed in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, and to compare results with findings in the literature. Data of odontogenic cysts diagnosed from 1985 to 2005 were collected from the files of the Oral Pathology Laboratory of Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, and entered in a standardized form for later comparisons. The most prevalent odontogenic cysts were radicular (72.50%), dentigerous (22.20%) and residual (4.26%) cysts. The mandible of white patients was the anatomic site and ethnic group most frequently affected by this disease. Four of the six types of cysts were more frequent in the second and fourth decades of life, and no significant differences were found between sexes in the diagnosis of odontogenic cysts. In conclusion, the prevalence of odontogenic cysts was similar to that reported in the literature, which shows that inflammatory cysts are the most frequent.

  10. Workplace Accident Prevalence and Associated Factors among Tobacco Farm in São Lourenço do Sul-RS, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zago, Adriana Marchon; Meucci, Rodrigo Dalke; Fiori, Nadia; Carret, Maria Laura Vidal; Faria, Neice Muller Xavier; Fassa, Anaclaudia Gastal

    2018-05-01

    Agriculture has the highest risk of accidents. In Brazil the reality of this situation is unknown owing to scarcity of studies and underreporting of workplace accidents in rural areas. This article aims to evaluate workplace accident prevalence and associated factors among tobacco farm in Sao Lourenco do Sul-RS, Brazil. Cross-sectional study with 488 tobacco farmers, assessing sociodemographic, behavioural, labour characteristics and association with workplace accidents occurring in their lifetime. The injury prevalence was 24%. Being male (PR 1.62; 95%CI 1.04-2.52), and tenant farmer (PR 1.87; 95%CI 1.29-2.72), bundling tobacco leaves (PR 2.00; 95%CI 1.14-3.52) and having minor psychiatric disorders (PR 1.58; 95%CI 1.06-2.35) were positively associated with accidents. 46% of serious injuries caused superficial lesions and 26% caused fractures. Rural workplace accident prevention policies need to be established, particularly for tobacco farming. Larger studies are needed to understand work process-related aspects that increase the risk of accidents.

  11. DIVERSIDADE DE QUINZE ESPÉCIES DE BORBOLETAS (LEPIDOPTERA, PAPILIONIDAE EM SETE COMUNIDADES DE SANTA MARIA, RS DIVERSITY OF FIFTEEN SPECIES OF BUTTERFLIES (LEPIDOPTERA, PAPILIONIDAE IN SEVEN COMMUNITIES OF SANTA MARIA, RS, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Schwartz

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho compara a diversidade estimada para sete áreas de Santa Maria, RS, com diferentes níveis de antropização, com base na abundância, similaridade e constância de 15 espécies de papilionídeos. O estudo foi realizado de Setembro de 1994 a Março de 1995, e de Novembro de 1995 a Fevereiro de 1996. As capturas foram efetuadas em intervalos médios de trinta dias, utilizando rede entomológica convencional, durante intervalos médios de 4 horas. As borboletas foram transportadas em envelopes glicinados, individualizados e etiquetados, para o laboratório do Departamento de Biologia da UFSM. Os dados sugerem que a cobertura vegetal desempenha uma função importante na distribuição e abundância dessas borboletas, e os mecanismos que agem em escalas geográficas mais amplas podem ser diferentes daqueles que atuam em escalas menores. Habitats, como capões e ambientes urbanos, representam locais favoráveis onde as borboletas podem usar esses ambientes complexos, exibindo uma norma de reação que minimiza a competição e a ação de inimigos naturais.The research has as objective to compare the esteemed diversity for seven of Santa Maria's counties, RS, Brazil, with different urbane levels, based on the study of abundance, similarity and steadiness among 15 Papilionidae species, from September 1994 to March 1995 and November 1995 to February 1996. Captures were performed in intervals of thirty days, using entomological net, during intervals of 4 hours average. The butterflies were transported in glassine envelopes, individualized, properly labeled to the Laboratory at UFSM Biology Department. The results suggest that the canopy carries out an important function in the distribution and abundance of those butterflies. The mechanisms that act in wider geographical scales can be different from those that act in smaller scales. Coppices and urban landscapes can represent locals, where butterflies can use these complex environments

  12. Candida species distribution and fluconazole susceptibility of blood isolates at a regional hospital in Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maira Giseli C. Silva

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Introduction: Candidemia is a bloodstream infection produced by Candida genus yeasts. Objective: The purpose of this study was to characterize the epidemiology and the fluconazole susceptibility in Candida species isolated from patients at a regional hospital in Passo Fundo, RS. Methods: Records from the laboratory were used to identify patients with positive blood cultures for Candida between 2010 and 2011. The in vitro activity of fluconazole was determined using the disk diffusion method. Results: Were analyzed 24 positive blood cultures for Candida and found a 54.16% mortality rate. C. albicans was the most prevalent species, followed by C. parapsilosis and C. krusei. For susceptibility to fluconazole, C. albicans, C. parapsilosis and C. tropicalis showed 100% sensitivity. However, C. krusei was 100% resistant; and C. glabrata, 50% resistant. Conclusion: The high mortality and fluconazole resistance rates emphasize the importance of the diagnosis of candidemia in a hospital environment.

  13. Mapeando Programas de Redução de Danos da Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre / Mapping harm reduction programs in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Quadros Rigoni (Rafaela); H.C. Nardi (Henrique)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThis study mapped and described 11 harm reduction interventions/programs in Greater Metropolitan Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, in 2004-2006. Mapping was based on interviews and analysis of available documents and comparison with a previous study with data from 2003. We

  14. Climatologia Sazonal dos Jatos de Baixos Níveis na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre, no Período de 1989 a 2003, Utilizando Dados de Radiossondagens.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Rejane Jacondino de Campos

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to develop a climatology observational study of the Low-Level Jet (LLJ, observed atPorto Alegre-RS-Brazil metropolitan region, using 1989-2003 at 00:00 and 12:00 UTC upper-air observations, from PortoAlegre International Airpot station. The LLJ classification criteria proposed by Bonner (1968 and modified by Whitemanet al. (1997 were applied to determine the LLJ occurrence. Afterwards the LLJ selected were separated by season (autumn,winter, spring and summer and then were classified according to: i LLJ intensity, ii more frequent height of LLJoccurrence and iii LLJ predominant direction. The results showed that the LLJ have been more frequent in spring (12:00UTC and in summer (00:00 UTC. Mostly of them presented velocity between 10 and 16 m s-1, and seems to occur indistinct heights depending on the time (at 00:00UTC in 600 m and at 12:00 UTC in 900 m. The LLJ predominant directionshowed that at 00:00 UTC, the LLJ were more frequent in the east quadrant, while at 12:00 UTC, this predominancewas verified in the west and north quadrants.

  15. Consumer Behaviour Towards Organic Food in Porto Alegre: an application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Hoppe, Alexia; Vieira, Luciana Marques; Barcellos, Marcia Dutra de

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate consumers' decision-making process, attitudes and values towards organic food throughout the employment of the Theory of Planned Behaviour, adapting the methodology from a European project. 450 consumers were interviewed at supermarkets and farmers' markets in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Results indicate a high penetration level and very positive attitude towards organic products. Organics are believed to be healthier, tastier, more natural and environmental...

  16. Antibodies against rabies virus in dogs with and without history of vaccination in Santa Maria - RS - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Gonzalez Fernandes

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the frequency and magnitude of neutralizing antibodies to rabies virus (RABV in dogs with and without historic of vaccination in Santa Maria/RS. Group A included serum samples from 440 dogs with recent historic of vaccination against rabies, obtained during the 2015 rabies vaccination campaign. Group B included 300 serum samples from dogs submitted to the Veterinary Hospital of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria in 2015, whose historic of rabies vaccination was unknown. Serum samples were submitted to the rapid fluorescent focus inhibition test (RFFIT to detect neutralizing antibodies against RABV. In group A, 70.6% (310/440 of the samples had neutralizing antibody titers ≥0.5 international units per milliliter (IU mL-1, considered an indicative of protection against rabies by the World Health Organization. However, approximately 30% of the dogs did not contain antibodies in adequate levels. In group B, 42.3% (127/300 of the samples contained neutralizing antibody titers ≥0.5IU mL-1 and 57.7% (173/300 were negative or contained titers below of the value considered immunized. These results demonstrate that an important proportion of vaccinated dogs (~30% did not develop adequate antibody levels, mainly those receiving a single vaccine dose. Serologic testing of animals with unknown historic of vaccination revealed relatively low vaccine coverage in the general dog population. Thus, reformulation of immunization strategies - especially the recommendation of a boost vaccination 30 days after the primary dose - and extension of vaccination campaigns are necessary to reach adequate levels and coverage of immunity against RABV in the canine population.

  17. Contaminação por compostos organoclorados em salsichas hot-dog comercializadas na cidade de Santa Maria (RS, Brasil Contamination for organochlorine compounds in hot-dog sausages, commercialized in the city of Santa Maria (RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislau Bogusz Junior

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de monitorar os resíduos de compostos tóxicos em alimentos, verificou-se a freqüência e os níveis de praguicidas organoclorados (OC e bifenilas policloradas (PCBs em amostras de salsichas Hot-Dog, comercializadas na Cidade de Santa Maria, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (RS e, compararam-se os valores com aqueles estabelecidos pela Legislação. Para as análises, procedeu-se a extração da gordura das amostras. A partir da purificação desta, obteve-se um extrato do qual se determinaram os resíduos organoclorados por cromatografia gasosa com detector de captura eletrônica (CG - µECD63Ni. Verificou-se que o lindano e o HCB foram os pesticidas que apresentaram as maiores concentrações médias (0,001798ppm e 0,001652ppm, respectivamente. O somatório dos níveis médios dos pesticidas organoclorados detectados foi de 0,015783ppm, sendo que deste total 0,011165ppm pertencia aos metabólitos do DDT. Quanto as bifenilas policloradas, as maiores concentrações médias corresponderam às PCBs 10 (0,001817ppm e 28 (0,000317ppm. O somatório das PCBs foi de 0,002172ppm. As concentrações de praguicidas organoclorados e PCBs encontradas nas amostras analisadas estavam abaixo dos limites máximos permitidos pela legislação.With the objective of monitoring toxic compounds residues in food, the frequency and levels of organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls were verified in sausage samples, hot dog type, commercialized in the city of Santa Maria (RS, Brazil. Values were compared with the ones established by Brazilian legislation. For the analyses the extraction of fat from the samples was done. From the purification of the fat, there was acquisition of an extract in which was determined the organochlorine contaminants residues by gas chromatography with electronic capture detector (CG - µECD63Ni. It was learned that the lindane and HCB were the pesticides that presented the biggest concentration averages (0

  18. Comunidade de Syrphidae (Diptera: diversidade e preferências florais no Cinturão Verde (Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brasil Syrphidae (Diptera community: diversity and floral preferences in the Green Belt (Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mírian Nunes Morales

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se investigar a comunidade de Syrphidae, do Cinturão Verde de Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brasil, permitindo a obtenção de informações acerca da composição e estrutura desta comunidade, suas preferências florais e interações entre as espécies na utilização de recursos alimentares. Realizaram-se coletas com rede entomológica, entre setembro/2001 a janeiro/2005. Foram capturados 1.283 espécimes de Syrphidae, representados por 88 espécies, distribuídos em 21 gêneros. Eristalinae apresentou o maior número de espécies coletadas, seguida por Syrphinae e Microdontinae. O gênero Palpada Macquart e a espécie P. urotaenia (Curran foram os mais abundantes. As coletas alcançaram cerca de 80% do que se estima para a área de estudo. Coletaram-se 1.187 sirfídeos (74 espécies visitantes de 51 espécies de plantas, de 23 famílias, onde Apiaceae e Asteraceae apresentaram o maior número de visitantes. O grau de especialização alimentar variou de acordo com os tipos de flores visitadas. A facilidade do acesso aos recursos florais e a coloração clara das flores são os principais responsáveis pela atração dos sirfídeos em Apiaceae, Asteraceae, Lauraceae, Malvaceae, Meliaceae, Oleaceae, Poaceae e Solanaceae. A diversidade da comunidade de Syrphidae é regulada por interações locais entre as espécies, principalmente entre as condições ambientais e disponibilidade de recursos alimentares.The aim of this study was to investigate the Syrphidae community in the area of the Green Belt of Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brazil, as well as to obtain information on the structure and composition of this community, its floral preferences and the interactions between the species in the food resource utilization. The specimens were collected with entomological net, from September/2001 to January/2005. A total of 1.283 syrphid specimens were collected, totaling 88 species distributed in 21 genera. Eristalinae presented the highest number of

  19. INFORMATION ON HEALTH: RELATIONSHIP OF THE IMPLANTATION OF SYSTEMATIZATION OF NURSING ASSISTANCE IN A HOSPITAL OF VALE DO TAQUARI/RS, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Felipe Pissaia

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to share experiences of the implantation of the Nursing Assistance Systematization with the aid of computer science in a medical clinic unit of a small hospital in Vale do Taquari / RS, Brazil. This is a descriptive and exploratory experience report with a qualitative approach, in which nine nursing professionals were followed during the implantation of the SAE with the help of computer technology in a medical clinic unit of a general hospital, the implantation of the process began in September The results were analyzed as recommended by Bardin. There were some difficulties in the implementation of systematization, such as lack of knowledge about the process and difficulties in handling computer equipment. We also found facilities in the use of information technology during the implementation, such as the availability of information and improved communication between the multiprofessional team. Improvements such as client security and optimization of work processes were also observed. It is considered that the report has a limitation because it contemplates a short time of implantation of the process, nevertheless it leads to a greater discussion on the subject. It was observed the importance of a qualified training for nursing professionals regarding the use of this work methodology, as well as the qualification of assistance and implementation facilitated with the use of information technology.

  20. The occurence of black spot disease in Astyanax aff. fasciatus(characiformes: characidae in the Guaíba Lake basin, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F Flores-Lopes

    Full Text Available Black spot disease is common in freshwater fish and is usually caused by the metacercaria stage of digenetic trematodes, normally from the Diplostomidae family. The present study evaluated the prevalence and intensity of this disease in Astyanax aff. fasciatus(Teleostei: Characiformes in the Guaíba Lake basin (RS, Brazil, including body parts assessment and the points of sampling with higher occurrence of black spots. Fish samples were taken seasonally from December 2002 until October 2004. The samples were collected with the use of a seine net at eleven points. The specimens were fixed in 10% formalin and stored in 70% ethanol. Black spot disease showed a low frequency in the Guaíba lake basin (2.07% and no specificity to the species Astyanax aff. fasciatus was observed. A high prevalence among the individuals and high intensity of infection levels was found in the ventral and dorsal regions in relation to other body parts (e.g., pectoral, pelvic and anal regions. Among the sampling points studied, we observed a higher prevalence on samples collected at points Gasômetro, Saco da Alemoa and Sinos, located in open areas with less occurrence of mollusks.

  1. A resource management scenario for traditional and scientific management of pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus paulensis) in the Patos Lagoon estuary (RS), Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moura, Gustavo Goulart Moreira; Kalikoski, Daniela Coswig; Diegues, Antonio Carlos Sant'Ana

    2013-01-11

    This article aims to discuss the incorporation of traditional time in the construction of a management scenario for pink shrimp in the Patos Lagoon estuary (RS), Brazil. To meet this objective, two procedures have been adopted; one at a conceptual level and another at a methodological level. At the conceptual level, the concept of traditional time as a form of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) was adopted. At the methodological level, we conduct a wide literature review of the scientific knowledge (SK) that guides recommendations for pink shrimp management by restricting the fishing season in the Patos Lagoon estuary; in addition, we review the ethno-scientific literature which describes traditional calendars as a management base for artisanal fishers in the Patos Lagoon estuary. Results demonstrate that TEK and SK describe similar estuarine biological processes, but are incommensurable at a resource management level. On the other hand, the construction of a "management scenario" for pink shrimp is possible through the development of "criteria for hierarchies of validity" which arise from a productive dialog between SK and TEK. The commensurable and the incommensurable levels reveal different basis of time-space perceptions between traditional ecological knowledge and scientific knowledge. Despite incommensurability at the management level, it is possible to establish guidelines for the construction of "management scenarios" and to support a co-management process.

  2. Reproductive biology of Bryconamericus stramineus Eigenmann, 1908 (Ostariophysi: Characidae from the Rio Ibicuí, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius Renner Lampert

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Reproduction of Bryconamericus stramineus was described based on the analysis of 208 females and 166 males collected monthly in the Rio Ibicuí, from April 2001 through March 2002. Reproduction occurred between September and December, with a lower peak in February. The mean absolute fecundity was 371.3 (± 244.6 oocytes and the mean relative fecundity was 0.35 (± 0.08 oocytes/mg of total weight and the fish was a multiple spawner. A weak correlation between GSI of males and day length was observed. Other parameters (stomach repletion and hepatosomatic index, rainfall and temperature did not show any correlation with GSI. However, some of these factors might act as "starters" of gonadal maturation. The presence and frequency of fin ray hooks on the males was compared with the gonadal maturation stages, months and standard length classes. Well-developed hooks were found mainly in the mature males during the reproductive period and in the largest individuals.A reprodução de Bryconamericus stramineus é descrita baseada na análise de 208 fêmeas e 166 machos coletados mensalmente no rio Ibicuí, RS, de abril/2001 a março/2002. A reprodução ocorreu entre setembro e dezembro, com um pico menor em fevereiro. A fecundidade absoluta média é de 371.3 (± 244.6 ovócitos e a fecundidade relativa média é de 0.35 (± 0.08 ovócitos/mg de peso total e a espécie tem desova parcelada. Foi observada uma fraca correlação entre IGS de machos e fotoperíodo; os índices de repleção estomacal e hepatossomático, a pluviosidade e temperatura não mostraram nenhuma correlação. Porém, sugerimos que alguns destes fatores possam agir como "desencadeadores" da maturação gonadal. A presença e freqüência de ganchos nas nadadeiras de machos foi comparada com as fases de maturação gonadal, meses e classes de comprimento padrão. Ganchos bem-desenvolvidos foram encontrados principalmente em machos maduros, durante o período reprodutivo e nos indiv

  3. Macrominerais para bovinos de corte nas pastagens nativas dos Campos de Cima da Serra - RS Macro minerals to beef cattle in the native pastures of Campos de Cima da Serra - RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Wunsch

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Em face das poucas informações disponíveis sobre a composição mineral das pastagens nativas da região dos Campos de Cima da Serra (RS, o presente trabalho de pesquisa objetivou avaliar os teores dos principais macrominerais, em diferentes épocas do ano, e relacionar o perfil mineral destas pastagens com as necessidades nutricionais recomendadas pelo NRC (1996 para bovinos de corte. O projeto foi conduzido em vinte propriedades particulares, em Cambará do Sul, utilizando áreas de campo nativo que estavam sendo normalmente utilizadas em pastoreio por bovinos de corte e/ou ovinos e que não tinham sofrido nenhum tipo de melhoria, reforma ou recuperação (exceto queimada, no mínimo nos últimos 20 anos. Colheram-se, durante oito meses, e dentro de uma mesma área predeterminada em cada propriedade, amostras para determinar as concentrações de Ca, P, Mg, Na e S. Verificou-se efeito do mês de coleta sobre todos os minerais analisados. Foram constatados teores suficientes de Ca e Mg para as categorias de bovinos de corte menos exigentes. Os teores de Mg são deficientes para vacas em gestação e lactação e os teores de Ca são deficientes para terneiros. Por outro lado, os teores de P, Na e S apresentaram-se abaixo das exigências mínimas para as categorias de bovinos de corte avaliadas.The present study was conducted to determine the mineral status of natural range pastures of Campos de Cima da Serra region, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in different months of the year, to compare them to beef cattle requirements (NRC, 1996. The project was led in twenty private farms, in Cambará do Sul county, on grazing areas without improvements (except burning at the last twenty years. Pasture samples were collected at January, February, March April, May, July, September and December to determine its calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and sulphur levels. Effect of the season was verified on all analyzed minerals. The Ca and Mg contents

  4. Evidence of mingling between contrasting magmas in a deep plutonic environment: the example of Várzea Alegre, in the Ribeira Mobile Belt, Espírito Santo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIA R. MEDEIROS

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the geotectonic cycle that shaped the northern segment of the Ribeira Mobile Belt (Upper Proterozoic to Paleozoic age, a late to post-collisional set of plutonic complexes, consisting of a wide range of lithotypes, intruded all metamorphic units. The Várzea Alegre Intrusive Complex is a post-collisional complex. The younger intrusion consists of an inversely zoned multistage structure envolved by a large early emplaced ring of megaporphyritic charnoenderbitic rocks. The combination of field, petrographic and geochemical data reveals the presence of at least two different series of igneous rocks. The first originated from the partial melting of the mantle. This was previously enriched in incompatible elements, low and intermediate REE and some HFS-elements. A second enrichment in LREE and incompatible elements in this series was due to the mingling with a crustal granitic magma. This mingling process changed the composition of the original tholeiitic magma towards a medium-K calc-alkalic magma to produce a suite of basic to intermediate rock types. The granitic magma from the second high-K, calc-alkalic suite originated from the partial melting of the continental crust, but with strong influence of mantle-derived melts.No final do ciclo tectônico que originou o segmento norte do Cinturão Móvel Ribeira (de idade Proterozóica Superior a Paleozóica, uma série de complexos plutônicos tardi- a pós-colisionais, consistindo de larga gama de litotipos, intrudiu todas as unidades metamórficas. O Complexo Intrusivo de Várzea Alegre é um desses complexos pós-colisionais. A intrusão mais jovem consiste de uma estrutura de multiplos estágios, envolvida por um largo anel de rochas charnoenderbíiticas megaporfirícas de posicionmento anterior. A combinação de dados de campo, petrográficos e geoquímicos revela a presença de pelo menos duas séries distintas de rochas ígneas. A primeira foi originada por fusão parcial do manto

  5. Analysis of optical proprieties of the water reservoir Rodolfo Costa e Silva – Itaara, RS, Brazil, with field spectral data and orbital multispectral images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waterloo Pereira Filho

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available An evaluation of the discrimination of water classes using continuum removal technique applied over spectral data obtained in field and multispectral images classification is presented. The study area was the Rodolfo Costa e Silva water reservoir, located in central region of Rio Grande do Sul (RS State, in Southern region of Brazil. The methodology was based on in situ data collection of: total suspended solids, chlorophyll (a, b and c, water transparency, and bidirectional spectral reflectance. These data were collected in 21 point (samples in May 16, 2006. The continuum removal technique was applied on the spectral data over 4 absorption bands: 400-550nm, 610-640nm, 650-680nm e 580-700nm. The continuum removal parameters analyzed for each absorption band were: depth, area and width. The multispectral images used were CBERS-2/CCD and Landsat 5/TM. The images were acquired in a date nearest to field work and with appropriate weather conditions. These images were corrected by removing atmospheric effects and then classified. According to the results obtained from the continuum removal technique, it was verified that band depth, area and width did not present a good potential to separate different water classes. Digital classification results did not show significant correlations with the limnological parameters collected in field and, therefore, could not be used to characterize spectrally different water classes or compartments. The main problem of establishing relationships between spectral reflectance and water quality parameters was due to the low variability of optical components in the water of Rodolfo Costa e Silva Reservoir. In this case the spectral analyses (considering both techniques were not sensitive to the relative small variations observed in field data.

  6. Evaluation of the frequency of polymorphisms in XRCC1 (Arg399Gln) and XPD (Lys751Gln) genes related to the genome stability maintenance in individuals of the resident population from Monte Alegre, PA/Brazil municipality; Avaliacao da frequencia de polimorfismos nos genes XRCC1 (Arg399Gln) e XPD (Lys751Gln) relacionados a manutencao da estabilidade do genoma em individuos da populacao residente no municipio de Monte Alegre, PA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duarte, Isabelle Magliano

    2010-07-01

    The human exposure to ionizing radiation coming from natural sources is an inherent feature of human life on Earth. Ionizing radiation is a known genotoxic agent, which can affect biological molecules, causing DNA damage and genomic instability. The cellular system of DNA repair plays an important role in maintaining genomic stability by repairing DNA damage caused by genotoxic agents. However, genes related to DNA repair may have their role committed when presenting a certain polymorphism. This study intended to analyze the frequency of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes of DNA repair XRCC1 (Arg39-9Gln) and XPD (Lys751Gln) in a: population of the city of Monte Alegre, that resides in an area of high exposure to natural radioactivity. Samples of saliva were collected from individuals of the population of Monte Alegre, in which 40 samples were of male and 46 female. Through the use of RFLP (length polymorphism restriction fragment) the frequency of homozygous genotypes and / or heterozygous was determined for polymorphic genes. The XRCC1 gene had 65.4% of the presence of the allele 399Gln and XPD gene had 32.9% of the 751Gln allele. These values are similar to those found in previous studies for the XPD gene, whereas XRCC1 showed a frequency much higher than described in the literature. The. influence of these polymorphisms, which are involved in DNA repair and consequent genotoxicity induced by radiation depends on dose and exposure factors such as smoking, statistically a factor in public health surveillance in the region. This study gathered information and molecular epidemiology for risk assessment of cancer in the population of Monte Alegre. (author)

  7. Frequency of suspected cases of neurocysticercosis detected by computed skull tomography in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil Freqüência de casos suspeitos de neurocisticercose em tomografias computadorizadas de crânio em Santa Maria, RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Edson Paz da SILVA

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available Due to the lack of studies about neurocysticercosis in the South of Brazil, an investigation was conducted to determine the percentage of suspected cases of neurocysticercosis in computed tomography diagnoses in Santa Maria, RS, from January 1997 to December 1998. Of 6300 computed tomographies (CT of the skull performed at the private Hospital de Caridade Astrogildo de Azevedo, 80, i.e., 1.27% were suspected of neurocysticercosis. Fifty were women (62.5% and 30 were men (37.5%. The most frequent radiological manifestation indicating neurocysticercosis was the presence of calcifications (isolated or associated, with a 95% rate (76 cases, while the presence of hypodense lesions reached a 5% rate (4 cases. After routine analysis, each CT was evaluated again and the suspected cases were confirmed. The percentage of suspected cases of neurocysticercosis detected by CT in the present study carried out in Santa Maria was considered low (1.27%. This can be explained by the fact that tomography is not accessible to the economically underprivileged population of Santa Maria. We hope that the present study can alert the population and the professionals to the fact that neurocysticercosis is a more frequent disease than indicated by the few diagnoses made.Com o objetivo de iniciar um estudo sobre a neurocisticercose no Sul do Brasil, foi verificada a porcentagem de casos suspeitos de neurocisticercose em tomografia computadorizada de crânio (TCC em Santa Maria, entre janeiro de 1997 e dezembro de 1998. Os resultados mostraram que entre 6300 TCC realizadas no Hospital de Caridade Astrogildo de Azevedo, 80, isto é, 1,27% eram suspeitas de neurocisticercose. Constatamos que 50 eram mulheres (62,5% e 30 homens (37,5%. A manifestação radiológica mais freqüente para indicar neurocisticercose foi a calcificação (isolada ou associada com 95% (76 casos, enquanto a presença de lesões hipodensas foi de 5% (4 casos. Após a análise de rotina cada TCC foi

  8. Feeding associations between capybaras Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus (Mammalia, Hydrochaeridae and birds in the Lami Biological Reserve, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Associações alimentares entre capivaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus (Mammalia, Hydrochaeridae e aves na Reserva Biológica do Lami, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana C. Tomazzoni

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Feeding associations between capybaras Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus, 1766 and some bird species were registered in the Lami Biological Reserve, southern Brazil, through observations in a set of transects established in the five major vegetation types of the study area: shrubby and herbaceous swamps, wet grasslands, sandy grasslands and forests. Data included: date and time, vegetation type, bird species, number of individuals (birds and capybaras, type of prey consumed, foraging strategy of the birds and the behavior of the capybaras in relation to the presence of birds. Five species of birds were registered: Caracara plancus (Miller, 1777, Furnarius rufus (Gmelin, 1788, Machetornis rixosus (Vieillot, 1819, Milvago chimachima (Vieillot, 1816 and Molothrus bonariensis (Gmelin, 1789. The interactions were observed in the shrubby swamp (M. bonariensis, forest (C. plancus and wet grassland (F. rufus, M. rixosus, M. chimachima. The foraging strategies were: (1 use of the capybara as a perch, hunting from its back (M. rixosus, M. bonariensis; (2 use of the capybara as a beater, hunting in the ground (F. rufus, M. rixosus, M. bonariensis; (3 foraging in the skin of the capybara, by picking the ectoparasites (C. plancus, F. rufus, M. chimachima. Strategies (1 and (2 were employed to catch arthropods flushed from the vegetation. Sometimes, capybaras lay down and exposed the abdomen and lateral areas of their bodies to facilitate cleaning by M. chimachima, but the presence of other bird species seemed to be neutral to capybaras.Foram registradas associações alimentares entre capivaras Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus, 1766 e aves na Reserva Biológica do Lami, sul do Brasil, por meio de observações em um conjunto de transecções estabelecidas nos cinco principais tipos de vegetação existentes na área: banhado arbustivo, banhado herbáceo, campo úmido, campo arenoso e mata. As informações coletadas foram: data, horário, tipo de vegeta

  9. Quality control assessment data for planning radiotherapy with VMAT Technique made at the Hospital Sao Lucas, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Avaliacao dos dados de controle de qualidade para planejamentos radioterapicos com a tecnica VMAT realizados no Hospital Sao Lucas, Porto Alegre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leidens, Matheus; Lopes, Juliane S.; Estacio, Daniela R.; Bonatto, Larisse N.; Sansson, Angela; Sbaraini, Patricia; Duarte, Lucas O.; Silva, Ana M. Marques da, E-mail: juliane.lopes@pucrs.br [Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUC-RS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)

    2016-07-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the procedures used for quality control (QC) for each individual patient, planned with the volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy technique (VMAT), used in the routine of the institution's radiotherapy service. The QC of 29 plans, from August 2015 to October 2015, in 15 cases of prostate, and 14 of head and neck. During QC, verification planning were created, performed before starting the treatment. Two evaluations were performed: gamma analysis (γ), which compares the measured and calculated dose distribution, verified through the EPID (Electronic Portal Imaging Device); and the verification of point dose delivered at the isocenter treatment, using a simulator object with an ionization chamber. The method involved the creation of verification plans of treatments and their evaluation and phantom. The results of analysis, for prostate and head and neck were, on average, (96.0 ± 2.2)% and (98.8 ± 1.4)%, respectively. For the prostate, in 93.3% of the cases examined, the differences between the dose measured by the ionization chamber and that generated by the verification plan were lower than 5%, and for CP, 92.9%. The treatment planning in the service, on average, obeyed the acceptance criteria and the dose differences of analysis. Thus, the procedures performed in the treatments using the VMAT of the institution are suitable for clinical application. (author)

  10. Evaluation of the potential of water aquifers located in the field of production of Fazenda Alegre, in the municipality of Jaguare, northern state of Espirito Santo, Brazil: a new horizon for the rational and sustainable use of groundwater by the local community; Avaliacao do potencial hidrico dos aquiferos situados no campo de producao de Fazenda Alegre, no municipio de Jaguare, norte do estado do Espirito Santo, Brasil: um novo horizonte para o uso racional e sustentado da agua subterranea pela comunidade local

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leal, Claudio A.; Rodriguez, Sergio G.H. [PETROBRAS, Vitoria, ES (Brazil). Unidade de Negocio

    2004-07-01

    Petroleo Brasileiro S.A - PETROBRAS, through Espirito Santo Business Unit, has been intensifying the utilization of underwater on its onshore production activities, where the utilization of water or steam injection techniques on the reservoir rock become necessary, aiming at supplemental hydrocarbons recovery in the mature fields or heavy oil fields, such as Fazenda Alegre field. The hydrogeologic study of the groundwater potential appears as a tool capable to improve the planning and utilization of the hydro resources of the region. The main tool used was the geophysics investigation of electric resistivity technique able to investigate aquifers as deep as 200 m. The drilling of the first wells selected proves the expectations according to the groundwater potential resources of the area. The maximum rate water obtained before that was about 30 m{sup 3}/h. Considering deeper wells (180 m), which incorporate news aquifers, it practically doubles, achieving values in a set of 60 m{sup 3}/h. The characterization of these recent discoveries/aquifers is a sign of news horizons for the local society, especially concerning the possibility of giving support in agricultural projects and rural communities supply concomitant with the process of petroleum projects expected in Fazenda Alegre helping thus, the sustainable development in the areas surrounding the project. (author)

  11. IDRC in Brazil

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Subscribe to the IDRC Bulletin: www.idrc.ca/idrcbulletin. BRAZIL. Macapá. Manaus. São Paulo. Belém. Fortaleza. Recife. Salvador. Rio de Janeiro. Porto. Alegre. Brasilia. ✪. ○. ○. ○. ○. ○. ○. ○. ○. ○. BOLIVIA. PERU. ECUADOR. COLOMBIA. VENEZUELA. CHILE. PARAGUAY. Atlantic Ocean. Pacific Ocean.

  12. Bem-estar docente: um estudo em escolas públicas de Porto Alegre

    OpenAIRE

    Zacharias, Jamile

    2012-01-01

    A presente dissertação, aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa (CEP) da PUCRS, sob registro CEP 11/05397, teve como objetivo analisar os níveis de autoimagem/autoestima, autorrealização e mal/bem-estar, e identificar e analisar os indicadores de bem-estar apresentados por docentes de escolas estaduais de Porto Alegre (RS), bem como propor elementos que possam contribuir para a diminuição do mal-estar e a promoção do bem-estar docente. Para tanto, foi utilizada uma abordagem metodológica qu...

  13. Anemia em menores de seis anos: estudo de base populacional em Pelotas, RS Anemia in children under six: population-based study in Pelotas, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a prevalência de anemia em crianças menores de seis anos, em uma amostra probabilística de área urbana. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado estudo com crianças de zero a cinco anos de idade, na cidade de Pelotas, RS, em 2004. Foram coletadas informações sobre características demográficas, socioeconômicas, antropométricas, de morbidade e sobre alimentação, por meio de questionário aplicado às mães ou responsáveis. As crianças foram pesadas e medidas. A concentração de hemoglobina foi medida com hemoglobinômetro portátil, HemoCue e anemia foi definida como valores de hemoglobina OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of anemia among children under six years of age in a probabilistic sample from an urban area. METHODS: A study was conducted comprising children aged zero to five years in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil, in 2004. Data were collected on demographic, socioeconomic, and anthropometric characteristics, morbidity and nutrition using a questionnaire applied to the mothers and guardians. Children's weight and height measurements were obtained. Hemoglobin concentration was measured using the HemoCue portable hemoglobinometer and anemia was defined as hemoglobin <11 g/dL. The association between anemia and predictors was expressed as prevalence ratio. Multivariate analysis was carried out using Poisson regression following a conceptual model and taking into account the study design effect. RESULTS: There were identified 534 children and total losses and refusals were 27 (5.1%. The prevalence of anemia was 30.2% (95% CI 23.5%;37.0%. In the multivariate analysis, only age and family income remained significantly associated with anemia. CONCLUSIONS: Anemia was largely socially determined in the population studied. Interventions aiming at reducing anemia should be developed to lessen this condition in the short run targeting disadvantaged populations.

  14. Methodological aspects of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil birth cohort study Aspectos metodológicos da coorte de nascimentos de 1993 em Pelotas, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar Gomes Victora

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the main methodological aspects of a cohort study, with emphasis on its recent phases, which may be relevant to investigators planning to carry out similar studies. In 1993, a population based study was launched in Pelotas, Southern Brazil. All 5,249 newborns delivered in the city's hospitals were enrolled, and sub-samples were visited at the ages of one, three and six months and of one and four years. In 2004-5 it was possible to trace 87.5% of the cohort at the age of 10-12 years. Sub-studies are addressing issues related to oral health, psychological development and mental health, body composition, and ethnography. Birth cohort studies are essential for investigating the early determinants of adult disease and nutritional status, yet few such studies are available from low and middle-income countries where these determinants may differ from those documented in more developed settings.Descrever aspectos metodológicos do estudo da coorte de crianças que podem ser relevantes para pesquisadores que estejam planejando investigações semelhantes. Em 1993, uma coorte de base populacional foi recrutada em Pelotas, RS. Os 5.249 recém-nascidos nos hospitais da cidade foram acompanhados com um, três e seis meses, e com um e quatro anos de idade. Subestudos estão sendo realizados sobre saúde bucal, desenvolvimento psicológico e saúde mental, composição corporal e aspectos etnográficos. Em 2004-5 foi possível entrevistar 87,5% da coorte inicial, com a idade de 10-12 anos. Estudos de coortes de nascimentos são essenciais para investigar os determinantes precoces da morbidade e estado nutricional de adultos. No entanto, há poucos estudos com esta metodologia em países de renda média e baixa, e alguns dos determinantes da situação de saúde podem ser distintos daqueles observados em países ricos.

  15. Profile of ostomy patients residing in Pouso Alegre city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldo Magela Salomé

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective was to characterize the clientele of ostomy patients living in Pouso Alegre, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Among the causes that led patients to acquire an ostomy, the most prevalent was neoplasia; the type of ostomy was a permanent colostomy. Most people were not told that they would be submitted to the stoma. In addition, individuals were not subject to stoma demarcation, and irrigation was not performed. Regarding the type of complication, 34 (48.60% had dermatitis; 14 (20%, retraction; and 13 (18.60%, prolapse. With respect to stoma diameter, 34 (48.60% had 20–40 mm and 23 (32.90%, 40–60 mm. With this study, we became aware of the profile of ostomized patients treated at the municipality of Pouso Alegre/MG; it is expected that, with these data, the improvement of care to this population can be subsidized. We suggest that nursing professionals think of health action strategies with respect to guidance on stoma manufacture and to measures aiming for the prevention of possible complications, promoting ways to help these patients to make decisions and to verbalize feelings, so that they feel supported in coping with changes in their body image, for the sake of survival. Resumo: O objetivo foi caracterizar a clientela de estomizados residentes em Pouso Alegre, Minas Gerais. maioria das causas que levaram os pacientes a adquirir ostomia foi neoplasia; o tipo de ostomia era colostomia em definitivo. A maioria dos indivíduos não foram comunicados de que seriam submetidos ao estoma. Além disso, os indivíduos não foram submetidos à demarcação do estoma e não foi realizada irrigação. Com relação ao tipo de complicação, 34(48,60% apresentaram dermatite; 14 (20%, retração e 13 (18,60%, prolapso. Com relação ao diâmetro do estoma, 34 (48,60% mensuravam 20 a 40 mm e 23 (32,90%, 40 a 60 mm. Este estudo possibilitou conhecer o perfil dos pacientes ostomizados atendidos do município de Pouso Alegre/MG e espera-se que, com

  16. Análise de laudos odontolegais emitidos pelo departamento médico legal de Porto Alegre-RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Zilio

    2015-06-01

    Resultados: conclui-se que o sexo masculino é predominante nos laudos, assim como o agravante de homicídio. Ademais, os meses com maior emissão foram os de dezembro e janeiro. O método mais utilizado para identificação foi a comparação ante-mortem, post-mortem. Destaca-se, também, a necessidade de correta elaboração e preenchimento do prontuário odontológico, assim como, informações completas dos laudos odontolegais e a necessidade de um sistema amplo com arquivamento de todos os pareceres.

  17. Estudo da concordância das citações de uso e importância das espécies e famílias utilizadas como medicinais pela comunidade do bairro Ponta Grossa, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovana Secretti Vendruscolo

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Ferramentas para quantificar dados etnobotânicos estão sendo usadas como complementares aos levantamentos sobre a utilização de plantas por populações. Neste trabalho são utilizadas técnicas para avaliar a concordância das citações de uso e a importância das espécies e famílias para as 51 pessoas entrevistadas no bairro Ponta Grossa, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. Para tal, foram utilizados os cálculos de Valor de Uso (UV e a porcentagem corrigida de Concordância quanto aos Usos Principais (CUPc para as 142 espécies mencionadas no levantamento. As espécies Aloe arborescens Mill., Citrus × aurantium L., Achyrocline satureioides (Lam. DC., Foeniculum vulgare Mill, Eugenia uniflora L., Cunila microcephala Benth., Citrus limon (L. Osveck, Plectranthus barbatus Andrews, Cymbopogon citratus (DC. Stapf, Psidium guajava L., Artemisia absinthium L., Ocimum basilicum L., Plantago tomentosa Lam., Rosmarinus officinalis L., Persea americana Mill., Aloysia citrodora Palau, Sambucus australis Cham. & Schltdl., Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq. J.F. Macbr., Petroselinum crispum (Mill. Nyman ex A.W. Hill, Ocimum selloi Benth. e Tanacetum vulgare L., nesta ordem de Valor de Uso, foram consideradas como as mais importantes para a população estudada. As famílias mais importantes foram Asphodelaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Rutaceae e Lythraceae. Para o cálculo da porcentagem a corrigida de Concordância quanto aos Usos Principais (CUPc foram consideradas como espécies principais as que apresentaram valores acima de 24%: Eugenia uniflora, Achyrocline satureioides, Psidium guajava, Cunila microcephala, Plectranthus barbatus, Citrus × aurantium, Citrus limon, Cymbopogon citratus, Punica granatum L., Sechium edule (Jacq. Sw., Sphagneticola trilobata (L. Pruski, Aloysia citrodora, Foeniculum vulgare, Plectranthus neochilus Schltr., Artemisia absinthium, Lippia alba (Mill. N.E. Br., Mikania laevigata Sch. Bip ex Baker, Aloe arborescens e Petroselinum

  18. Disponibilidades climáticas para macieira na região de Vacaria, RS Climate availability for apple trees in Vacaria, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loana Silveira Cardoso

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a variabilidade e as tendências temporais das principais variáveis climáticas - temperaturas máxima, mínima e média do ar, horas de frio (abaixo de 7°C, precipitação pluvial e umidade relativa do ar - no período 1983-2009 e confrontá-las com as necessidades de macieiras dos grupos Gala e Fuji, na região de Vacaria, RS. Foram utilizados dados diários de estação meteorológica da Embrapa, do período de 1983 a 2009, e comparados com as normais 1931-1960 e 1961-1990, para análise de tendência temporal. A precipitação pluvial apresentou diferenças significativas entre a média do período 1983-2009 e as normais, com aumentos de 479 e 256mm, respectivamente. Não houve diferenças significativas na temperatura do ar mensal entre os períodos analisados. A precipitação pluvial da primavera e a temperatura mínima do ar mensal apresentaram tendência significativa de aumento. O número médio de horas de frio foi de 657 de maio-agosto. O número mínimo de horas de frio delimitado no zoneamento agroclimático é atingido, na maioria dos anos, na região de Vacaria, no entanto, não significa a superação natural da dormência de gemas de macieiras. Além disso, o número de horas de frio apresentou tendência temporal de redução.This study aimed to evaluate the variability and temporal tendency for the main climate parameters - air maximum, minimum and mean temperatures, chilling hours (bellow to 7°C, pluvial precipitation, and relative air humidity - in the 1983-2009 period, focusing to evaluate the climate conditions for Gala and Fuji apple groups, in Vacaria, Brazil. Daily weather data in the 1983-2009 series were compared to climate means of the 1931-1960 and 1961-1990 periods, for analyzing the temporal trends. The annual pluvial precipitation showed significant differences in comparing the 1983-2009 series to both the climate means, with increments of 479 and 256mm, respectively

  19. Efeitos da participação em um Grupo de Coluna sobre as dores musculoesqueléticas, qualidade de vida e funcionalidade dos usuários de uma Unidade Básica de Saúde de Porto Alegre - Brasil Effects of participation in a Back School on musculoskeletal pain, quality of life and functionality of users of a Unidade Básica de Saúde from Porto Alegre- Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Gonçalves Borges

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia do Grupo de Coluna ministrado em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde de Porto Alegre. Foram avaliados e reavaliados 29 usuários, os quais participaram do Grupo de Coluna. Foi utilizada a Escala Visual Analógica para avaliar a intensidade da dor, o questionário Oswestry Disability Índex para avaliar a capacidade funcional, e o questionário Short-Form Health Survey - SF-36 para avaliar a qualidade de vida. Os resultados, obtidos a partir do teste de Wilcoxon (a=0,05, demonstraram a eficácia do Grupo de Coluna na melhora da intensidade das dores musculoesqueléticas (pThis study was carried out in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the Back Group project, in a Porto Alegre’s Basic Health Unit. We evaluated and re-evaluated 29 users before and after the participated in a Back Group. It’s were used the Visual Analogue Scale to assess pain, the Oswestry Disability Index to assess the functionality, and the questionnaire Item Short-Form Health Survey-SF-36 to assess the quality of life. The results, obtained from the Wilcoxon test (a=0.05, demonstrated the effectiveness of the Back Group in the improvement of the intensity of musculoskeletal pain (p<0.05, in the physical functioning (p=0.005, in the quality of life in the functional capacity (p=0.001, by the physical limitations (p=0.001, pain (p=0.001, vitality (p=0.004, emotional limitation (p=0.026 and mental health (p=0.010 dominions. It is concluded that the Back Group was effectiveness in the improved of the pain, function and quality of life’s users.

  20. Prevalência de quedas em idosos asilados do município de Rio Grande, RS Prevalence of falls in institutionalized elderly in Rio Grande, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lílian Gatto Gonçalves

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O aumento da expectativa de vida nos países em desenvolvimento tem provocado preocupação com a qualidade de vida e o bem-estar dos idosos, principalmente a ocorrência de quedas. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do estudo foi descrever a prevalência de quedas em idosos que vivem em asilos e fatores associados. MÉTODOS: Estudo de delineamento transversal na cidade de Rio Grande (RS, em 2007. Participaram 180 indivíduos idosos (65 anos ou mais residentes em asilos para acolhimento. Em entrevista, os idosos responderam a questões de instrumento pré-testado sobre a ocorrência de quedas. Além de análise bivariada (Wald, foi realizada análise por regressão de Poisson com cálculo de razões de prevalência e intervalos de confiança de 95%, ajustada para as variáveis de confusão. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de quedas entre os idosos asilados estudados foi de 38,3%. As quedas foram mais comuns no ambiente do asilo (62,3%, sendo o quarto o ambiente onde ocorreu o maior número de quedas (23%. Na análise ajustada, as quedas se mantiveram associadas com cor da pele branca, com os idosos separados e divorciados, com depressão, e maior quantidade referida de medicamentos para uso contínuo. CONCLUSÕES: O estudo mostra que a prevalência de quedas entre idosos asilados é alta. Embora alguns dos possíveis fatores associados sejam passíveis de prevenção, ainda ocorrem quedas em locais que deveriam ser considerados seguros, como o quarto do idoso.OBJETIVO: El aumento de la expectativa de vida en los países en desarrollo ha provocado preocupación con la calidad de vida y el bienestar de los ancianos, principalmente la ocurrencia de caídas. En ese sentido, el objetivo del estudio fue describir la prevalencia de caídas en ancianos que viven en asilos y factores asociados. MÉTODOS: Se realizó estudio de delineamiento transversal en la ciudad de Rio Grande (Sur de Brasil, en 2007. Participaron 180 individuos ancianos (65 años o mas

  1. Comparação de diferentes metodologias para estimativa de curvas intensidade-duração-freqüência para Pelotas - RS Comparison of different methodologies to estimate intensity-duration-frequency curves for Pelotas - RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita de C. F. Damé

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Nos projetos agrícolas de obras hidráulicas, onde não se dispõe de dados observados de vazão, é necessário explorar ao máximo as informações relativas às curvas Intensidade-Duração-Freqüência (IDF. Diante disso, é preciso obter maneira de desenvolver metodologias de estimativas de curvas IDF, em locais que possuam pouco ou nenhum dado pluviográfico. O objetivo do trabalho foi comparar as metodologias de desagregação de precipitações diárias para verificar o ganho de informação em termos de curvas IDF, comparadas àquela obtida a partir de dados observados (histórica. Os métodos utilizados foram: (a Método das Relações (CETESB, 1979; (b BELTRAME et al. (1991; (c ROBAINA & PEITER (1992; (d Modelo Bartlett-Lewis do Pulso Retangular Modificado (DAMÉ, 2001. Utilizou-se de série de dados de precipitação diária de Pelotas - RS, referente ao período de 1982-1998. Para estimar as curvas IDF, a partir dos registros históricos, foram estabelecidas as durações de 15; 30; 60; 360; 720 e 1.440 minutos, e os períodos de retorno de 2; 5 e 10 anos. Os valores de intensidades máximas foram comparados entre si, pelo teste "t" de Student, para os coeficientes linear e angular, e pelo Erro Relativo Médio Quadrático. O método que melhor representou as intensidades máximas de precipitação, nos períodos de retorno de 2 e 10 anos, foi o Método das Relações (CETESB, 1979.Agricultural projects which deal with hydraulic projects and do not possess observed data on outflow need to explore at the most, information about the Intensity-Duration-Frequency (IDF curves. Thus, it is necessary to create ways to develop methodologies that estimate IDF curves for locations that have little or no pluviometric data. The aim of this work was to compare disaggregation methodologies for daily precipitation, to verify the increase in quality information considering the IDF curves, as compared to those originated from observed data

  2. Estabelecimento de gramíneas forrageiras tropicais perenes simultaneamente com as culturas de milho e soja no Norte do RS Perennial tropical forage grasses establishment simultaneously with soybean and maize in northern of RS state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franciele Mariani

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Alternativas econômicas para compor sistemas de produção são indispensáveis para a sustentabilidade de sistemas agrícolas, pecuários ou sistemas integrados. Objetivou-se avaliar a viabilidade técnica do consórcio das culturas produtoras de grãos, soja e milho, com Urochloa brizantha e Panicum maximum no Norte do Rio Grande do Sul. As forrageiras foram semeadas simultaneamente às culturas produtoras de grãos, na entrelinha, e isoladas. Foram utilizadas as cultivares 'Marandu' (braquiária, 'Mombaça' e 'Aruana' (panicum e como testemunha o milheto (Pennisetum americanum. Foram avaliados rendimento de grãos das culturas, seus componentes e o acúmulo de massa seca (MS. O acúmulo de MS das forrageiras isoladas Mombaça e Aruana foi superior às demais, com acúmulo médio de 6.515 e 5.778kg ha-1, respectivamente. No consórcio com o milho, o acúmulo médio de MS das forrageiras foi 2.380kg ha-1, sem diferença significativa entre as espécies, mas, com soja, o maior acúmulo ocorreu para Marandu (3.040kg ha-1. Não houve diminuição no rendimento de grãos da soja e do milho com a presença das forrageiras, porém, para colheita mecânica da soja, serão necessários estudos adicionais. O consórcio de milho com as gramíneas forrageiras tropicais perenes é alternativa viável para o Norte do RS.Economic alternatives to compose production systems are essential to the sustainability of farming systems, livestock or integrated systems. The objective was to evaluate the viability of intercropping grain crops, soybean and maize, with Urochloa brizantha and Panicum maximum in northern of Rio Grande do Sul. The forages were sown simultaneously with grain crops, in the inter-line, and in monoculture. We used 'Marandu' (brachiaria, 'Mombaça' and 'Aruana' (panicum and millet (Pennisetum americanum as a control. Crop yield and their components and accumulation of dry matter (DM were evaluated. The DM accumulation of 'Aruana' and 'Momba

  3. Zoneamento ambiental dos banhados da Estação Ecológica do Taim, RS Environmental zoning of swamps in the Ecological Station of Taim, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Charão Kurtz

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available O "Zoneamento Ambiental dos Banhados da Estação Ecológica do Taim" permitiu avaliar a deterioração ambiental dos ecossistemas existentes na Estação Ecológica do Taim (ESEC/TAIM, municípios de Rio Grande e Santa Vitória do Palmar (RS. Consideraram-se dois tipos distintos de ecossistemas: o do Banhado (ECO1 = Ecossistema Límnico e o da Planície Marítima (ECO2 = Ecossistema Planície Marítima. A ECO TOTAL (ECO1 + ECO2 apresentou 64% de classe APP (Área de Preservação Permanente, 27,6% de ACP (Área de Conservação Permanente, 5,6% de AUO (Uso e Ocupação; em menor porcentagem encontrou-se a classe AR (Área de Restauração com 2,8%. A deterioração ambiental média para o ECO1 foi de 10,32%, sendo menor que a ECO2 (23,94%. A deterioração ambiental da ESEC/TAIM (ECO ficou em 13,65%. Com relação à análise de regressão para ECO1, concluiu-se que com 06 parâmetros ambientais se obteve a precisão de 95%, enquanto que, com 04 parâmetros ambientais obteve-se a mesma precisão para a ECO2. Com relação à análise fatorial concluiu-se que essa técnica permitiu conhecer a estrutura dos dados, mostrando as correlações entre cada variável (classes de exuberância e seu respectivo fator, entretanto não foi possível separar grupos ou quantificar a influência de uma ou mais variáveis sobre outra de interesse (variável resposta, como por exemplo: quantos parâmetros são necessários para elaborar um zoneamento ambiental, sendo esta pergunta respondida pela análise de regressão. Recomenda-se que o zoneamento ambiental seja elaborado pelos órgãos públicos ambientais nas demais estações ecológicas e nas unidades de conservação.The "Environmental Zoning of swamps in the Ecological Station of Taim (RS" allowed to evaluate an environmental deterioration of the existent ecosystems in the Ecological Station of Taim (ESEC/TAIM; municipal districts of Rio Grande and Santa Vitória do Palmar (RS. Two types of different

  4. AVALIAÇÃO DAS CONDIÇÕES DE HIGIENE E DA ADEQUAÇÃO ÀS BOAS PRÁTICAS EM UNIDADES DE ALIMENTAÇÃO E NUTRIÇÃO NO MUNICÍPIO DE PORTO ALEGRERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozi Fagundes de MELLO

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available As unidades de alimentação e nutrição (UANs vêm aumentando sua atuação no mercado de refei- ções coletivas e são classificadas como o terceiro maior local de ocorrência de doenças transmitidas por alimentos no Brasil. O fator primordial para diminuir a ocorrência destas doenças é o uso contínuo das boas práticas, que são procedimentos que contribuem para a produção de um alimento seguro e de qualidade. Neste estudo foi avaliada a adequa- ção de sete UANs, de grande porte, às boas práticas e verifi cada a higiene de superfícies. A avaliação da adequação às boas práticas ocorreu por meio da aplicação da lista de verificação com base na Portaria 78/09-RS. A avaliação da higiene das superfícies, por meio da técnica de Trifosfato de Adenosina bioluminescência, apontou que 13 entre as 39 superfícies analisadas foram classificadas como insatisfatórias. Todas as UANs apresentaram menos de 50% de conformidade frente à lista de verificação. Destacam-se os itens Higienização, Preparação do alimento, Armazenagem e transporte do alimento preparado, como os itens com maiores percentuais de não-conformidades. Os itens Abastecimento de água e Controle de pragas foram 100% conformes em todas as UANs. Os resultados demonstram que é imprescindível que estas UANs revejam os procedimentos de higiene e executem de forma efetiva as boas prá- ticas nas rotinas de produção e distribuição de alimentos.

  5. PREVALÊNCIA DE SALMONELLA EM PRODUTOS DE FRANGOS E OVOS DE GALINHA COMERCIALIZADOS EM PELOTAS, RS, BRASIL PREVALENCE OF SALMONELLA IN CHICKEN PRODUCTS AND HEN'S EGGS FROM PELOTAS, RS, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Baú

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available A prevalência de Salmonella em produtos de frangos e ovos de galinhas, os sorovares mais freqüentes e sua sensibilidadea a antimicrobianos, foram investigados em Pelotas, Brasil, no período de maio de 1997 a outubro de 1998. Um total de 124 amostras de produtos de frangos obtidas em supermercados e açougues e 94 amostras de 6 unidades de ovos de galinhas obtidas em supermercados e feiras-livres foram analisadas através do método convencional de cultivo. Entre as amostras de produtos de frangos analisadas, 13 (10,48% continham salmonelas. Os 13 isolamentos de salmonelas realizados foram sorotipificados como S. enteritidis (10, S. anatum (1 e S. enterica subespécie enterica sorovar 3,10:e,h:- (2. Todas as cepas isoladas foram resistentes à penicilina G e sensíveis aos demais antimicrobianos testados. Em amostras de ovos, não foram detectadas salmonelas.The prevalence of Salmonella in chicken products and hen's eggs, the most frequent serovars and their antimicrobial sensitivity, were investigated in the city of Pelotas, Brazil from May 1997 through October 1998. A total of 124 samples of chicken products obtained from local supermarkets and butcher shops, and 94 samples of eggs (6 units each obtained from supermarkets and street vendors, were examined through standard cultivation procedures. Salmonella were detected in 13 (10,48% samples of chicken products. Among the 13 strains of salmonellae isolated, 10 were serotyped as S. enteritidis, 1 was S. anatum and 2 were S. enterica subsp. enterica sorovar 3,10:e,h:-. All strains isolated were resistant to penicillin G and susceptible to the others antimicrobial drugs tested. Hen's eggs were not found contaminated with salmonellae.

  6. Intake of oral photoprotectors by postmen in Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina dos Santos

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Postmen are daily exposed to high levels of solar radiation, and lack of protection can result in many health damages. The present study aimed to identify cutaneous phototypes and evaluate the intake of oral photoprotectors by postmen. Methods: Cross-sectional study, carried out from August 2011 to December 2012 in the city of Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Socioeconomic and behavioral data regarding daily solar exposure were collected through a questionnaire. To evaluate the intake of beta-carotene, lycopene and omega-3, two 24-hour dietary recalls were applied. Cutaneous phototypes were assessed by Fitzpatrick’s classification.  Results: A total of 181 postmen were analyzed, whose mean age was 40.2±11.4 years old, and 140 (77.3% were male. The cutaneous phototypes II, III and IV were the most prevalent (n=138, totaling 76.3% of the sample. The median for the oral photoprotectors intake was 1.16 mg (0.46 – 2.29 of beta-carotene, 3.60 mg (1.01 – 6.31 of lycopene and 0.95 g (0.61 – 1.45 of n-3 fatty acids, all values significantly lower than the minimal doses to obtain photoprotective effect (p<0.001. The individuals in the group of phototypes V and VI showed lower adherence to the use of sunscreen and lower intake of beta-carotene, comparing to the other groups. Conclusions: The intake of oral photoprotectors is low in this population. Future studies may evaluate the real effect of oral photoprotectors, so that preventive measures using this approach can be included in photoprotection education actions for outdoor workers. Keywords: Diet; food and nutrition; skin aging; skin neoplasms; occupational health

  7. Identification by PCR and evaluation of probiotic potential in yeast strains found in kefir samples in the city of Santa Maria, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela CASSANEGO

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Kefir is a product elaborated from the symbiotic fermentation of different microorganisms. The Kluyveromyces and Saccharomyces genera are the major representatives of the yeasts found in kefir microbiota. The only pobiotic yeast commercialized as an oral medication, is the Saccharomyces boulardii. The present work involved the microbiological quality examination of six kefir samples in the city of Santa Maria/RS, the yeasts isolation present in the samples and the identification of them by PCR (Polymerase chain reaction. Then, their probiotic potential was evaluated by in vitro technique. After that, microbiological analysis confirmed that kefir samples were suitable for consumption once the microbiological quality was established. Nineteen yeast strains were isolated from six different kefir samples; it was identified, by PCR analysis, but only three species were identified from these microorganisms in the present article: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Hanseniospora uvarum and Kazachstania unispora. Nevertheless, by simulating the passage of isolated strains through the gastrointestinal environment, it was observed that they could not be considered probiotics. The results indicate that, in an isolated way, the yeast presents in kefir samples, in the city of Santa Maria, RS, can´t be considered probiotics according to the tests performed.

  8. Productive inclusion, family livestock situation of rural women of brazil without poverty program in a municipality of the rs - context a little-known reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Julia Marques Lopes

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to describe and analyze sociodemographic characteristics of rural women working in family livestock, inserted in Brazil without Poverty Plan in Encruzilhada do Sul. This type of work is culturally defined as masculine as well, the question is how women in it operate. In Rio Grande do Sul, the southern half has in beef cattle the main productive activity which alludes to a supposed production homogeneity. This condition challenges and boost research that shows the multiplicity of experiences of livestock rural families. Thus, the motivation of this article also is based on the problem of discussion little debated on family livestock, for example, the sexual division of labor and women's participation in the activity. So it was found the presence of women in family livestock and their inclusion in the Brazil without Poverty Program. The information analyzed shows that 92.31% of ownership in the program are women, 6.59% of men and 1.10% for both. This reality leads the female role of idea in action, however it is necessary to consider other issues that contribute to other explanatory possibilities of this condition. The trajectory and the sexual division of labor "earmarking" women to the most precarious jobs, it may be a potential answer. Thus, the recognition of women's work is hindered in social practices and intra-family and sexual division of labor is reaffirmed by the notions of what is "man of affairs and women's things". The issues that emerge interrelate livestock, poverty and gender, since most of the families of the Brazil without Poverty is also included in the livestock. We question the extent to which livestock is male activity and poverty would be a "parameter" to characterize rural activities, including livestock, as female?

  9. Participation of Brazil in the World Congresses on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences: an increase in commitment to the Three Rs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Presgrave, Octavio; Caldeira, Cristiane; Moura, Wlamir; Cruz, Mayara; Méier, Gisele; Dos Santos, Elisabete; Boas, Maria H V

    2015-03-01

    Many Brazilian researchers have long been interested in the development and use of alternative methods. Most of their research groups work in isolation, due to the lack of funding for collaborative studies. Despite these problems, since the Third World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, Brazilian researchers have strongly participated, not only by presenting posters and oral presentations, but also by being involved in the World Congress Committees. The Brazilian Center for the Validation of Alternative Methods (BraCVAM) must play an important role in the development and validation of alternative methods, through the active participation of the National Network of Alternative Methods (ReNaMA). In Brazil, Law 11,794/2008 regulates the use of animals in experimentation and education, and Law 9,605/1998 clearly states that use of the original animal test is not permitted, if an alternative method is available. Therefore, given the current legal framework, it is very important that all the Ministries involved with animal use, and the organisations responsible for funding researchers, strive to increase the financial support of those groups that are involved in the development and use of alternative methods in Brazil. 2015 FRAME.

  10. O uso estratégico de recursos e capacidades no setor hoteleiro: o caso Ritz Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Hayashi Jr.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries to elucidate how the Ritz Hotel in Porto Alegre (Brazil compete successfully with its resources and capabilities within the range of the chosen strategy. The research is qualitative, descriptive with semi‑structured interviews and non‑participant observation. All the employees and the owner were interviewed. Among the main conclusions reached were the importance of human capital and organizational culture as competitive and operational resources. In addition, the network of contacts formed by former residents, the internet as well as government agencies contribute in the renovation of hotel guests.

  11. My Struggle in Brazil: Editora Globo, 1934-1942

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Hatherly Paz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é um recorte da minha pesquisa sobre a história editorial do livro Mein Kampf, de Adolf Hitler, no Brasil. Neste trabalho, investigo a produção, a circulação e a recepção do lançamento de Minha Luta – como seu título foi traduzido para o português – no país, em setembro de 1934, pela Editora Globo de Porto Alegre. Até agosto de 1942, quando a obra foi proibida pelo presidente Getúlio Vargas, foram impressas sete edições. Muito do pouco que se sabe sobre o lançamento nacional de Minha Luta encontra-se registrado em notícias esparsas e, muitas vezes, discordantes, nos periódicos da época e em obras de referência. Trazer à luz os detalhes dessa história preencherá uma lacuna nos estudos do livro.   PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Minha Luta; Adolf Hitler; Editora Globo; história editorial brasileira.     ABSTRACT This article is an excerpt from my research on the publishing history of Mein Kampf, by Adolf Hitler, in Brazil. In this paper, we investigate its production, circulation and reception in the country in September 1934, by Editora Globo, in Porto Alegre/RS. Until August 1942, when the work was banned by President Getulio Vargas, seven editions were printed. Much of the little that is known about the national launch of Mein Kampf is recorded in sparse and often discordant news in periodicals of the time and reference works. Bring to light the details of this story will fill a gap in the book studies.   KEYWORDS: Mein Kampf; Adolf Hitler; Editora Globo; Brazilian publishing history.     RESUMEN Este artículo es un extracto de mi investigación sobre la historia de la publicación del libro Mein Kampf, de Adolf Hitler, en Brasil. En este trabajo, investigamos la sua producción, circulación y recepción en el país en septiembre de 1934, por la Editora Globo, en Porto Alegre/RS. Hasta agosto de 1942, cuando la obra fue prohibida por el presidente Getúlio Vargas, se imprimieron siete ediciones. Gran parte de lo

  12. Exposure to classroom sound pressure level among dance teachers in Porto Alegre (RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nehring, Cristiane

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Dance teachers are exposed to high sound intensities. Aim: To verify the sound intensity of music used by dance teachers during classes. Method: This was a transversal and prospective study. Dance teachers were evaluated with a sociodemographic questionnaire, and sound intensity level measurements were taken at the beginning, middle, and end of dance classes. Results: The sample comprised 35 teachers (average age, 31.8 years. The duration of their career as dance teachers was 1-37 years; they worked daily for approximately 1-10 h. Among the classes followed, there were 15 (42.85% classical ballet classes, 4 (11.42% tap dancing lessons, 5 (14.28% jazz dance classes, 2 (5.71 Arab dance lessons, 6 (17.14% street dance classes, and 3 (8.57% ballroom dancing lessons. The average values observed at the beginning, middle, and end of the classes were 80.91 dB (A, 83.22 dB (A, and 85.19 dB (A, respectively. The music played in the street dance classes exposed teachers to the highest sound intensity. Conclusion: The average level of sound intensity of the dance classes in this study was either below or equal to the limit considered harmful for hearing health. Analysis of different class types showed that the sound densities of street, ballroom, and tap dance classes were above the recommended limits.

  13. Avaliação econômica da recuperação de áreas mineradas na empresa Copelmi Mineração S.A., Butiá, RS, Brasil Economical evaluation of renaturing degraded areas of the Copelmi Mine Company in Butiá, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Spathelf

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Com base em um inventário, foram calculados três critérios econômicos (Taxa Interna de Retorno, Valor Presente Líquido e Relação Benefício Custo para avaliar os resultados econômicos de plantações de acácia-negra, Pinus sp e de uma cobertura de grama para áreas degradadas na Mina de Recreio (COPELMI Mineração S.A., em Butiá, RS. Como variante, economicamente ótima, foi encontrada a plantação com acácia-negra com uma idade de rotação de 5 anos.On the base of an inventory three economical criteria (Internal Rate of Return, Net Present Value and Benefit Cost Ratio were calculated to analyze the economic results of plantations of Acacia mearnsii and Pinus sp and a grass cover on degraded areas in Mina de Recreio (COPELMI Mineração S.A, in Butiá, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The plantation of Acacia mearnsii with a rotation age of 5 years was found as the economically optimal variant.

  14. Airport solid waste generation and its interfaces with tourism: Hugo Cantergiani Airport’s case, Caxias do Sul-RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaciel Gustavo Kunz

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The tourism phenomenon cannot be separated of transport systems and it needs to be examined in the light of the environmental dimension, in particular the air mode. The aim of this research was to investigate the situation of solid waste generation at Hugo Cantergiani Airport, located in Caxias do Sul-RS. The research, which applied a descriptive and exploratory approach, involved document survey, direct observation and solid waste characterization. The period of the sample was of 18 and a half days, spread over three weeks/months in 2012. The operational movimentation at the airport during the conduct of the research was of 15,543 passengers. At the time of the sample 878.76 kg of waste were weighed of which 606.83 kg were segregated and characterized. In relation to this amount around 70% were derived from services undertaken at the airport site and around 30% came from the aircraft itself. The results revealed that there was a production by passenger at the aircraft of 30g/passenger/trip and at the airport site a per capita production of 40g/person/day. The most representative components were as follows: biological contaminant (29.54%, putrescible organic matter (27.16%, plastic (19.15% and paper and paperboard (14.04%. These types of studies contribute to fill gaps in knowledge related to the gravimetric composition of solid waste in the context of airports, to assess the environmental impacts caused by the generation of such wastes and to provide guidelines for the management plan of solid waste at airports, tourism supporting infrastructures.

  15. Bioanalysis young investigator: Maria Rambla-Alegre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rambla-Alegre, Maria

    2012-06-01

    Maria Rambla-Alegre obtained the European doctorate in March 2011, with the maximum qualification: Excellent "Cum Laude", and has already published 33 articles in reputable scientific journals, presented 61 communications in international symposia, participated in nine research projects, as well as received several awards since 2006. Nowadays, Maria is contracted at Ghent University (Belgium) where she is completing a post-doc. During the time I have known her, I have frequently been impressed by her exceptional capabilities to quickly learn new skills to develop and validate new liquid chromatographic procedures, and by her constant initiative to bring together innovative analytical methods. Maria has always adopted a positive, critical view and shows eagerness to better herself. Besides her exceptional knowledge in LC, she has a sound scientific background in capillary electrophoresis, GC, sample preparation and optimization procedures that allows her to complement her investigations and has resulted in significant papers in the analytical chemistry field. Our research group has greatly benefited from Maria's capabilities, as can be seen in recent publications in the Journal of Chromatography A, Talanta, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry and other specialized journals that directly represent her work, mainly as corresponding author. It is extremely remarkable that she has published a review of her PhD results. Not everyone has the possibility to publish it. This is a clear sign of the high quality of her research. Compared to other fellows that I have supervised, Maria is undoubtedly the best one. I can, beyond all doubt, give a score of 10/10 to the quality of her research activity. Finally, I would personally like to add that she is an outstanding, serious, independent thinker who is always well informed about the topics she tackles. Maria is also very friendly, a good worker and always willing to help others, which has been a most positive characteristic

  16. Internações por doenças relacionadas ao saneamento ambiental inadequado na rede pública de saúde da região metropolitana de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, 2010-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Santiago Siqueira

    Full Text Available Resumo OBJETIVO: descrever a ocorrência, as características e os gastos com internações por doenças relacionadas ao saneamento ambiental inadequado (DRSAI financiadas pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS entre residentes na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre-RS, no período de 2010 a 2014. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo com dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do SUS (SIH/SUS. RESULTADOS: das 13.929 internações por DRSAI, 93,7% relacionaram-se às doenças de transmissão feco-oral e 20,4% foram de crianças de 1 a 4 anos de idade (28,1 internações/10 mil hab./ano; a letalidade hospitalar foi de 2,2%, tendo as doenças de transmissão feco-oral como principais causas de óbito; em 2,0% das internações, houve utilização de unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI; o gasto total com as internações foi de cerca de R$6,1 milhões. CONCLUSÃO: as DRSAI permanecem como um importante problema na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre-RS, embora esta apresente bons indicadores de desenvolvimento.

  17. Erosividade, padrões hidrológicos, período de retorno e probabilidade de ocorrência das chuvas em São Borja, RS Erosivity, hydrological patterns, return period and probability of occurrence of rainfalls at São Borja, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elemar Antonino Cassol

    2008-06-01

    "R" da USLE, foi obtido de dados pluviométricos, representados pelo coeficiente de chuva, que pode ser utilizado para regiões climáticas semelhantes que apenas dispõem de dados pluviométricos. O valor da erosividade média anual de 9.751 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 ano-1 é esperado pelo menos uma vez a cada 2,2 anos, com uma probabilidade de ocorrência de 44,9 %.The erosivity potential of rainfalls can be estimated by some indexes, among them the EI30, which is given by the product of kinetic energy (E and rainfall intensity for a 30-minute period (I30. The purpose of this study was to determine rainfall erosivity, hydrological patterns, return period and probability of occurrence of erosive rainfalls in São Borja, RS, Brazil, based on diary rainfall charts of the FEPAGRO meteorological station, from 1956 to 2003. The duration and accumulated amount of each erosive rainfall were measured, entered in a spreadsheet, digitalized and processed by CHUVEROS software, which calculated the EI30 index and the monthly and annual total erosivity, besides determining the hydrological pattern of each rainfall. Most of the annual erosivity (76 % was concentrated between October and April, in the period of soil tillage, sowing and growth of summer crops. The most notable peak in the erosive potential was observed between March and April (1,260-1,269 MJ mm ha-1 h-1, when most crops are normally in full growth, while July and August were the months of lowest erosive potential (268-271 MJ mm ha-1 h-1. Of the total erosive rainfalls 47, 25 and 28 % had advanced, intermediary and delayed patterns, respectively, while these patterns corresponded to 50, 26 and 24 %, respectively, of the mean annual volume of erosive rainfalls and to 53, 25 and 22 % of the average annual erosivity. The mean annual index of erosivity in São Borja is 9,751 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 year-1. It represents the "R" Factor of the Universal Soil Loss Equation to be used in São Borja and regions with similar rainfall pattern

  18. Ocorrência de ixodidae parasitos de capivara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris linnaeus, 1766 na estação ecológica do Taim, Rio Grande - RS, Brasil Occurence of ixodidae parasites of capybara (Hydrochoeurus hydrochaeris linnaeus, 1766 in the ecologic area of Taim, Rio Grande - RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afonso Lodovico Sinkoc

    1997-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar as espécies de carrapatos observadas sobre capivaras na Estação Ecológica do Taim, Rio Grande- RS, Brasil. Foram examinadas 27 capivaras encontradas mortas por atropelamento na BR 471, em seu trecho que corta a Estação, sendo cole lados 497 carrapatos das espécies Amblyomma cooperi (=A. lutzi; = A. ypisilophorum, Amblyomma triste, Amblyomma tigrinum e ninfas do gênero Amblyomma. A. cooperi representou 68,41% dos carrapatos identificados, com uma freqüência de parasitismo de 92,60% dos hospedeiros, enquanto A. triste representou 24,75% dos carrapatos em 44,43% dos hospedeiros e A. tigrinum foi coletado em 14,81% dos hospedeiros, totalizando 1,21% dos carrapatos. As ninfas de Amblyomma sp. foram cotetadas em 18,51% dos hospedeiros apresentando um percentual de 5,63% do total de carrapatos. A relação macho : fêmea apresentou valores de 2,3 : 1 e 2 : l para o A. cooperi e A. triste, respectivamente. Todos hospedeiros apresentavam-se parasitados, com uma média de 18,4 carrapatos, variando de 1 a 64 carrapatos coletados por hospedeiro.The aim of this article was the identification ofthe tick species observed on capybara in wildlife in the Ecologic Area of Taim, Rio Grande - RS; Brazil. Twenly seven capybaras found dead by trample in the road BR 471 in the Ecologic Area, wereexamined ticks coilected of the species Amblyomma cooperi (= A. lutzi and = A. ypisilophorum, Amblyomma triste, Amblyomma tigrinum and ninphs of the Genus Amblyomma. Amblyomma cooperi represented 68.41% of the ticks with a frequency of parasitism of 92.60% of the hosts; Amblyomma triste species represented 24.75% of the collected ticks m 44.43% of the hosts; Amblyomma tigrinum species were coilected m 14.81% of the hosts from a total of 1.21% of the found ticks and, the nimphs of Amblyomma were coilected in 18.51% of the hosts per forming 5.63% of the ali ticks coilected. The relation mate .female showed values of 2.3:1 and 2

  19. Estudo fenológico em três fases sucessionais de uma floresta estacional decidual no município de Santa Tereza, RS, Brasil Phenology study in three successional stages of a seasonal deciduous forest in Santa Tereza, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cáren Andreis

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo foi realizado em 40 parcelas de área fixa pertencentes a três estágios sucessionais, denominados: Capoeirão, Floresta Secundária e Floresta Madura, em uma Floresta Estacional Decidual no município de Santa Tereza, RS. Foram realizadas observações fenológicas quinzenais em 53 espécies arbóreas, numa média de 8,4 indivíduos por espécie, durante o período de 16 de novembro de 2001 a 10 de novembro de 2002. As fenofases observadas foram floração, frutificação e mudança foliar. Os resultados indicaram que a atividade reprodutiva manteve uma porcentagem relativamente baixa nos três estágios sucessionais durante o período observado, com tendências em ser menor durante a estação de inverno. A quantidade total de folhas na árvore, não se distinguindo estágio sucessional, diminuiu de aproximadamente 85% no período de maior atividade vegetativa para até 35% no inverno, período de repouso, sendo a Floresta Madura a subsere, que manteve os maiores porcentuais de folhas durante o período estudado.The present study was accomplished in forty permanent plots belonging to three forest successional stages, denominated: Brush Forest, Secondary Forest and Mature Forest, in a seasonal deciduous forest in the municipal district of Santa Tereza, RS, Brazil. Phenologic observations were accomplished fortnightly for 53 arboreal species, in an average of 8,4 individuals per species, during the period of November 2001 to November 2002. The stages observed were flowering, fruiting and foliage change. The results indicate that the reproductive activity remained relatively low for three successional stages during the observed period, with a tendency to be even lower during winter. The total amount of leaves on the trees, regardless of the successional stage, decreased from approximately 85%, in the period of higher vegetative activity, to 35% in the winter, resting season. The Mature Forest maintained the largest percentage

  20. Evaluation of the medical justifications (Clinical Information) provided in the request for exams using ionizing radiation at the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), RS, Brazil; Avaliação das justificativas médicas (Informações Clínicas) fornecidas na solicitação de exames com radiação ionizante no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goulart, J.M.; Lucena, R.A.; Bacelar, A.; Pinto, A.L.A., E-mail: jmgoulart@hcpa.edu.br [Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), RS (Brazil)

    2017-07-01

    Justification (clinical information) is the universal basic principle of radiation protection. Adequate clinical information with the maximum possible information related to the patient's pathology is essential to avoid unnecessary radiological exposures. Through a monthly analysis performed in 2016, all the clinical information described in the HIS system of HCPA was evaluated. The numbers of clinical information unsuitable for performing the tests using ionizing radiation were identified. Capacity in radiological protection at the requesting services of imaging exams were carried out, as well as a block in the system in relation to the number of characters in the field clinical information of the request of image exams. From the training and effective blockade in the system, a significant reduction of 20% in the number of inappropriate clinical information was observed. The implemented system optimizes the radiological protection, causing the requesting physician to describe adequate and sufficient clinical information for a medical justification in the request for examinations with the use of ionizing radiation.

  1. INSTITUIÇÕES GOVERNAMENTAIS E PARTICIPAÇÃO CIDADÃ: FINANÇAS PÚBLICAS INCLUSIVAS EM PORTO ALEGRE - BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron Schneider

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A recurrent theme in political science links new forms of participatory democracy to citizens’ attitudes and their willingness to abide with their obligation to pay taxes. In this paper we examine how the citizens of Porto Alegre - Brazil view tax paying, from the perspective of material and non-material benefits. Usingsurvey data collected in Porto Alegre in 2003 with 687 interviews, we find that, overall poor sectors show a tendency to support tax paying because of the material benefits, while middle sectors also have supporting attitudes, but for non-material benefits. Through the use of logit regression we find empirical evidence of a connection between trust in participatory budget and citizenssupport for the municipal government.

  2. Trabajadores, economía de guerra y huelga general. Porto Alegre, 1942- 1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Schneider, Paula

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre los años 1942-1945, los trabajadores porto-alegrenses se encontraban inmersos en una economía que podríamos llamar de guerra. Esa economía tuvo implicancias en su calidad de vida, debido a la carestía, especulación y pérdida progresiva del salario real. Asimismo, si bien desde la implementación del Estado Novo en 1937 el gobierno se proponía domesticar a los trabajadores, en 1942, con la intromisión del Brasil en la Segunda Guerra Mundial para lograr la intensificación de la producción, fue recortada la legislación que protegía a los trabajadores. Se pretende a partir del análisis de la escasez de alimentos y aumento del costo de vida, analizar cómo esto afectaba la vida de los trabajadores porto-alegrenses, y a su vez, cómo los trabajadores en 1945 inician un movimiento huelguista en el marco de la crisis del Estado Novo. From 1942 to 1945, the workers of Porto Alegre were immersed in what could be called a war economy. That economy had consequences in their quality of life, given the scarcity, speculation and progressive loss of the real wages. Also, despite the implementation of the Estado Novo in 1937, an attempt to placate the workers; in 1942, with the involvement of Brazil in the Second World War and with the purpose of intensifying production, the legislation that protected workers was whittled down.Considering the information about food shortages and the increase in the cost of living, the impact on the life of the Porto Alegre worker is analyzed, as well as, the manner in which in 1945, the workers started a strike movement in the context of the crisis of the Estado Novo.

  3. ( pear cu (SSR) m ultivar marke rs and rs are select effect tions ive for r

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    the most su ers selected tter matrices y. the most im s pyrifolia, Py he terms of the can Journ rs are select. Vilela Res esquita Filho”. PR, Brazil. FLA, Lavras M. 015 in the sout ... Nations Food and. Agricultire Organization (2014), approximately 210 000 ..... Lorenzo S (2011). Genetic variability and diversification process in.

  4. Seroprevalence of Pythium insidiosum infection in equine in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Weiblen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: An epidemiological survey was carried out by performing an Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay (ELISA test to determine the seroprevalence of Pythium insidiosum infection in equine in Rio Grande do Sul State (RS, Brazil. The serological study covered seven geographical regions of RS, classified according to the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE. The samples were obtained from official veterinary service (Serviço Veterinário Oficial, SVO linked to the Secretaria da Agricultura, Pecuária e Agronegócio of RS (SEAPA-RS to proceed the investigation of equine infectious anemia in 2014. Samples were collected during the months of September and October of 2013, covering the seven geographical regions of RS, and totalized 1,002 serum samples. The seroprevalence for P. insidiosum in RS was 11.1% (CI95% 9.23 to 13.22. The relative risk (RR of the presence of antibodies anti-P. insidiosum was in the regions Southeast 11.17 (CI95%, 4.65 to 26.8, Porto Alegre 4.62 (CI95%, 1.70 to 12.55, Southwest 11.17 (CI95%, 4.65 to 26.8 and Northwestern 3.72 (CI95%, 1.52 to 9.09. The highest prevalence (69.1% was observed in females with RR of 1.59 (CI95%, 1.11 to 2.27. When the presence of dams was evaluated, the seropositivity was evident in 74.4%, presenting an association of 2.13 (CI95%, 1.16 to 3.91 compared to farms without dams. In properties with veterinary assistance, the frequency of 72.7% and RR of 3.04 (CI95%,, 1,85 to 4,98 of seropositivity were observed. Due to the importance of pythiosis in horse herds, this study highlights the presence of anti-P. insidiosum antibodies in horses in RS, Brazil.

  5. Kooperative Planung im Kontext informeller Siedlungen in Porto Alegre, Brasilien

    OpenAIRE

    Zellhuber, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    Wie die meisten lateinamerikanischen Großstädte zeichnet sich die Peripherie von Porto Alegre durch ein dynamisches und ungeregeltes Siedlungswachstum in Form von Landbesetzungen und illegalen Parzellierungen aus. Mit Hilfe von Methoden der qualitativen Sozial¬forschung werden anhand einer Fallstudie insbesondere die damit verbundenen städtischen Umweltkonflikte analysiert und deren Einbeziehung in kooperative Planungsverfahren untersucht. Die Prozesse des ungeregelten Siedlungswachstums am S...

  6. Prevalência do consumo de drogas na FEBEM, Porto Alegre Drug use prevalence at FEBEM, Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maristela Ferigolo

    2004-03-01

    já terem utilizado drogas ilícitas.OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of drug use among institutionalized children and adolescents; to assess the degree of associated use of illicit drugs with alcohol and tobacco; and to determine which is the gateway drug to illicit drug use. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Fundação Estadual do Bem-Estar do Menor, in Porto Alegre (FEBEM Southern Brazil. A questionnaire developed by the World Health Organization to determine prevalence off drug use was answered anonymously by a population of literate minors who were in FEBEM because of delinquency or due to social risk. The analysis aimed to describe the frequency of use of each drug and relate it to gender, age of beginning, and reason of institutionalization. RESULTS: A total of 382 participants answered the questionnaire. The substances most frequently used on an experimental basis were: alcohol (81,3%, tobacco (76,8%, marijuana (69,2%, cocaine (54,6%, inhalants (49,2%, anxiolytic drugs (13,4%, hallucinogens (8,4%, amphetamines (6,5% and barbiturates (2,4%. Overall, around 80% of the respondents reported having used some illicit drug at least once in the past. Licit drugs, like alcohol and tobacco, were used mainly by males, while medicines were used mostly by females. Adolescents with delinquency records showed a significantly higher frequency of alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, and solvent use. The mean age of beginning was under 12 years for alcohol and tobacco use, under 13 years for marijuana and inhalants, and under 14 years for cocaine. Concomitant use of illicit and licit drugs was found to be high in this population. CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of precocious drug use was found among institutionalized children and adolescent, with alcohol and tobacco being used earlier than illicit drugs. Delinquent males were more likely to have used illicit drugs.

  7. Composição de Heteroptera aquáticos e semi-aquáticos na área de abrangência da U.H.E. Dona Francisca, RS, Brasil: fase de pré-enchimento Composition of aquatic and semi-aquatic Heteroptera at the Hydroelectric Power Station of Dona Francisca region, RS, Brazil: before dam construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damaris B. Neri

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo, foi analisada a composição dos Heteroptera do curso médio da bacia do rio Jacuí, RS, Brasil, previamente à construção da U.H.E. Dona Francisca, bem como alguns fatores abióticos que poderiam afetar a distribuição e a abundância destes organismos. Nos ambientes lênticos, amostragens quantitativas foram realizadas utilizando-se peneiras, em seis localidades (janeiro 2000. Nos ambientes lóticos, as coletas foram feitas através de amostrador de Surber (de maio a outubro de 2000, privilegiando-se a captura de espécies tipicamente bentônicas. Em cada estação, pH, oxigênio dissolvido, precipitação mensal, temperatura do ar e da água e profundidade foram medidos. Nos rios e riachos, a velocidade da corrente também foi registrada. Quinze espécies foram registradas nos ambientes lênticos, sendo Belostoma sp. e Notonecta sp. as dominantes (70%. A abundância, a riqueza e os índices de diversidade foram mais altos nos locais com maiores dimensões. Nos ambientes lóticos, foram assinaladas duas espécies de Naucoridae, Ambrysus teutonius La Rivers, 1951 e Cryphocricus vianai De Carlo, 1951, sendo a primeira dominante (65%. A abundância foi maior nos pontos com maior sombreamento, presença de árvores e/ou com detritos vegetais, ou com a macrófita Podostemum sp. (Podostemaceae no fundo, e mais baixa em locais com curso semi-regulado. Possivelmente, fatores como temperatura e precipitação acumulada estejam relacionados com a abundância mensal dos Naucoridae. Os resultados deste estudo servirão de subsídio para futuros estudos de impacto ambiental após o enchimento do reservatório da U.H.E. Dona Francisca.The Heteroptera composition in the middle course of the Jacuí River basin, RS, Brazil, and some abiotic factors that might affect their distribution and abundance were studied previously to the Dona Francisca dam construction. The insects were quantitatively sampled in six sites, in lentic environments, with

  8. RS CVn binary systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Linsky, J.L.

    1984-01-01

    The author attempts to place in context the vast amount of data obtained in the last few years as a result of X-ray, ultraviolet, optical, and microwave observations of RS CVn and similar spectroscopic binary systems. He concentrates on the RS CVn systems and their long-period analogs, and restricts the scope by attempting to answer on the basis of the recent data and theory following questions: (1) Are the original defining characteristics still valid and still adequate? (2) What is the evidence for discrete active regions? (3) Have we derived any meaningful physical properties for the atmospheres of RS CVn systems? (4) What are the flare observations telling us about magnetic fields in the RS CVn systems? (5) Is there evidence for systematic trends in RS CVn systems with spectral type?

  9. Fe y Alegría in Peru: Solidarity and Service in Catholic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klaiber, Jeffrey

    2013-01-01

    Fe y Alegría (Faith and Joy) refers to the network of schools for the poor run by the Jesuits in Latin America and the Caribbean. Founded originally in 1955 in Venezuela by Father José María Vélaz, by 2010 Fe y Alegría had spread to 17 countries in Latin America and now operates one in Chad. The Fe y Alegría schools are essentially convenant…

  10. Riqueza de formigas de solo na praia da Pedreira, Parque Estadual de Itapuã, Viamão, RS, Brasil Richness of ground-dwelling ants in the Praia da Pedreira, Parque Estadual de Itapuã, Viamão, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Diehl

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho são listadas as espécies de formigas de solo encontradas em três ambientes (mata nativa, barreira pedregosa e areias da orla na praia da Pedreira, localizada na Zona de Uso Intensivo do Parque Estadual de Itapuã, município de Viamão, RS. No total, foram identificadas 60 espécies representantes de 24 gêneros, 18 tribos e oito subfamílias (Dolichoderinae, Ecitoninae, Ectatomminae, Formicinae, Heteroponerinae, Myrmicinae, Ponerinae e Pseudomyrmecinae. Dos três ambientes amostrados, de acordo com o estimador de riqueza jackknife de primeira ordem, a mata nativa apresentou a maior riqueza (Sest= 37,5, seguindo-se a barreira pedregosa (Sest= 8,9 e as areias da orla (Sest= 5,9. Apenas Acromyrmex laticeps, Crematogaster sp. e Solenopsis invicta foram comuns aos três ambientes. Neste trabalho é feito o primeiro registro de ocorrência de Pachycondyla crenata e Pachycondyla laevigata (Ponerinae para o Rio Grande do Sul.Aiming to improve the knowledge on the Brazilian biodiversity, especially the ant fauna of Rio Grande do Sul State (Southern Brazil, this survey was conducted in the Praia da Pedreira, a site of Intensive Use of the Parque Estadual de Itapuã. Ground-dwelling ant species were surveyed for three environments in the beach (native forest, rock bar and sand bar, during 12 months (April/2000 - March/2001. Collections resulted in 60 species belonging to 24 genera, 18 tribes and eight subfamilies (Dolichoderinae, Ecitoninae, Ectatomminae, Formicinae, Heteroponerinae, Myrmicinae, Ponerinae and Pseudomyrmecinae. According to the first order jackknife estimator, the native forest area presented the greatest richness (Sest= 37.5, followed by rock bar (Sest= 8.9 and sand bar (Sest= 5.9. Only Acromyrmex laticeps, Crematogaster sp. and Solenopsis invicta were common to all three environments. This paper presents the first record of Pachycondyla crenata and Pachycondyla laevigata (Ponerinae occurrence in the Rio Grande do Sul

  11. Uso de regressões logísticas múltiplas para mapeamento digital de solos no Planalto Médio do RS Multiple logistic regression applied to soil survey in rio grande do sul state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Ribeiro Figueiredo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Regressões nominais logísticas estabelecem relações matemáticas entre variáveis independentes contínuas ou discretas e variáveis dependentes discretas. Essas foram avaliadas quanto ao seu potencial em predizer a ocorrência e distribuição de classes de solos na região dos municípios de Ibirubá e Quinze de Novembro (RS. A partir de modelo numérico de terreno digital (MNT com 90 m de resolução, foram calculadas variáveis de terreno topográficas (elevação, declividade e curvatura e hidrográficas (distância dos rios, índice de umidade topográfica, comprimento de fluxo de escoamento e índice de poder de escoamento. Foram então estabelecidas regressões logísticas múltiplas entre as classes de solos da região com base em levantamento tradicional na escala 1:80.000 e as variáveis de terreno. As regressões serviram para calcular a probabilidade de ocorrência de cada classe de solo, e o mapa final de solos estimado foi produzido atribuindo-se a cada célula do mapa a denominação da classe de solo com maior probabilidade de ocorrência. Observou-se acurácia geral (AG de 58 % e acurácia pelo coeficiente Kappa de Cohen de 38 %, comparando-se o mapa original com o mapa estimado dentro da escala original. Uma simplificação de escala foi pouco significativa para o aumento da acurácia do mapa, sendo 61 % de AG e 39 % de Kappa. Concluiu-se que as regressões logísticas múltiplas apresentaram potencial preditivo para serem usadas como ferramentas no mapeamento supervisionado de solos.Logistic nominal regressions establish mathematical relations between continuous or discrete independent variables and discrete dependent variables. The prediction potential of the occurrence and distribution of soil classes in the region Ibirubá and Quinze de Novembro, RS, Brazil was evaluated. Using a digital elevation model (DEM with 90 m resolution, were calculated several topographic characteristics (elevation, slope, and curvature and

  12. Positivistas e republicanos: os professores da Escola de Engenharia de Porto Alegre entre a atividade política e a administração pública (1896-1930 Positivists and Republicans: the professors of the School of Engineering in Porto Alegre between political activity and public administration (1896-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio M. Heinz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A história da administração pública no sul do Brasil durante a Primeira República põe em evidência uma instituição de formação superior, a Escola de Engenharia de Porto Alegre, que, fundada em 1896, forneceu parte significativa dos quadros técnicos das secretarias e agências do estado nas décadas seguintes, notadamente da Secretaria dos Negócios de Obras Públicas (SOP. Neste artigo (1 faremos uma breve exposição do cenário político-institucional no sul do Brasil na transição do século XIX para o XX; (2 apresentaremos as linhas gerais do processo de organização da Escola de Engenharia de Porto Alegre; e (3 discutiremos alguns aspectos do percurso profissional, administrativo e político de seu grupo original de docentes e de seus primeiros diplomados.The history of public administration in Southern Brazil during the so-called "First Republic" includes an institution of higher education, the School of Engineering in Porto Alegre, that was founded in 1896 and provided a major part of the cadre of technicians of state departments and agencies in the following decades, particularly of the state's Department of Public Works. In this paper the author (1 briefly discusses the political-institutional scenario in Southern Brazil during the transition from the 19th to the 20th century, then (2 sketches the process of organization of the School of Engineering in Porto Alegre, and finally (3 presents some aspects of the professional, administrative and political career of the School's original group of professors and its first graduates.

  13. Floristic composition, environmental variation and species distribution patterns in burned grassland in southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overbeck, G E; Müller, S C; Pillar, V D; Pfadenhauer, J

    2006-11-01

    In regularly burned grassland on Morro Santana, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, we investigated differences in the floristic composition and their relation to soil properties, aspect and distance from the forest border. In 48 plots of 0.75 m2, we identified a total of 201 species from a local species pool of approximately 450 to 500 species. Most species occurred in low frequencies, showing clumpy distribution patterns in the studied area. Multivariate analysis showed that plots close to the forest edge clearly differed from plots in the open grassland concerning composition and structure. Plots exposed to the north differed from plots on the top of the hill both in the composition of species as well as in soil variables, mainly due to shallower soil in the former. No strong relation between soil properties and variation in vegetation composition could be detected at a finer scale. The studied grassland, as all grassland vegetation in southern Brazil, is very rich in species compared to other grassland formations worldwide. However, this high biodiversity and conservational value of Campos vegetation in general has so far not been recognized properly. Disturbance is essential to maintain this open vegetation type and its species richness. Fire should be considered as a management option in the absence of grazing.

  14. HIV-1 epidemiology and circulating subtypes in the countryside of South Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carina Sperotto Librelotto

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1 has spread worldwide, with several subtypes and circulating recombinant forms. Brazil has an incidence of 20.5 HIV-1/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS patients per 100,000 inhabitants; however, the Southernmost State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS has more than twice the number of HIV-1-infected people (41.3/100,000 inhabitants and a different pattern of subtype frequencies, as previously reported in studies conducted in the capital (Porto Alegre and its metropolitan region. This study examined HIV-1/AIDS epidemiological and molecular aspects in the countryside of Rio Grande do Sul. METHODS: Socio-demographic, clinical and risk behavioral characteristics were obtained from HIV-1-positive adult patients using a structured questionnaire. HIV-1 subtypes were determined by nested-polymerase chain reaction (PCR and sequencing of the pol and env genes. RESULTS: The study sample included 149 (55% women patients with a mean age of 41.8 ± 11.9 years. Most (73.8% patients had a low education level and reported heterosexual practices as the most (91.9% probable transmission route. HIV-1 subtypes were detected in 26 patients: 18 (69.2% infected with subtype C, six (23.1% infected with subtype B and two (7.7% infected with BC recombinant forms. CONCLUSIONS: These data highlight the increasing number of HIV-1 subtype C infections in the countryside of South Brazil.

  15. RS-WebPredictor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zaretzki, J.; Bergeron, C.; Huang, T.-W.

    2013-01-01

    Regioselectivity-WebPredictor (RS-WebPredictor) is a server that predicts isozyme-specific cytochrome P450 (CYP)-mediated sites of metabolism (SOMs) on drug-like molecules. Predictions may be made for the promiscuous 2C9, 2D6 and 3A4 CYP isozymes, as well as CYPs 1A2, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, 2C19 and 2E1....... RS-WebPredictor is the first freely accessible server that predicts the regioselectivity of the last six isozymes. Server execution time is fast, taking on average 2s to encode a submitted molecule and 1s to apply a given model, allowing for high-throughput use in lead optimization projects.......Availability: RS-WebPredictor is accessible for free use at http://reccr.chem.rpi.edu/ Software/RS-WebPredictor....

  16. Características de um grupo de usuários do Programa Saúde da Família na cidade de Campo Bom (RS, Brasil em 2006 Characteristics of Family Health Program users sample in Campo Bom (RS, Brazil during the year of 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é conhecer as características de uma amostra da população atendida por uma Equipe de Saúde da Família que buscou atendimento em uma unidade de saúde (UBS do município de Campo Bom (RS em 2006. Foram selecionados os primeiros 200 pacientes que consultaram a UBS pesquisada no mês de janeiro de 2006 e já consultavam no serviço.Características pessoais e ligadas à busca por atendimento nos últimos doze meses foram verificadas. Dos sujeitos da amostra, 68% eram do sexo feminino. As crianças representaram 30,5% e 59% dos entrevistados apresentavam ensino fundamental incompleto. A doença crônica como motivo para procura pela UBS ocorreu em 42% dos sujeitos e 17% procuraram o serviço para prevenção primária. As doenças crônicas representaram um percentual alto da amostra e provavelmente estão associadas à busca de atendimento clínico na UBS em virtude dos sintomas e complicações decorrentes destas. Este dado demonstra a necessidade de investimentos na prevenção de incapacidades e/ou complicações e prevenção da instalação de doenças crônicas preveníveis. A partir do conhecimento mais detalhado do perfil dos usuários do serviço de saúde estudado, a equipe de saúde pode promover uma atuação mais efetiva.This study aims to describe the characteristics of Family Health Program (FHP users sample in a Basic Health Unit (BHU in Campo Bom, southern of Brazil. Based on data collected from the handbook of the first 200 patients attended in a specific BHU in January 2006, we analyzed sex, age, average number of medical and nursing consultations in the last twelve months and the reasons for requiring a BHU attendance. In this sample, 68% were female. Children represented 30.5% of the sample and 35.5% of the patients self-declared as married. In addition to that, 59% had not finished basic school. Almost half (42% of the citizens presented some chronic disease as a complaint to go to a BUH and 17

  17. Consumer behaviour towards organic food in porto alegre: an application of the theory of planned behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexia Hoppe

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate consumers' decision-making process, attitudes and values towards organic food throughout the employment of the Theory of Planned Behaviour, adapting the methodology from a European project. 450 consumers were interviewed at supermarkets and farmers' markets in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Results indicate a high penetration level and very positive attitude towards organic products. Organics are believed to be healthier, tastier, more natural and environmental friendly, although being less attractive and more expensive than conventional food. Respondents from the farmers' market represent a specific segment whose values are more oriented toward society. The findings showed an alignment between positive attitude and consumption behaviour among the surveyed consumers. The study finally contributes to the stakeholders in general, since the knowledge of the attributes more valued by consumers can help retailers to play the role of coordinators of this supply chain, stimulating producers to adhere to organic certification, helping them to upgrade their production practices and improve their income. Consumers are also benefiting from this offer in the market.

  18. Sistemas de previsão de requeima em cultivos de batata em Santa Maria, RS Forecast systems of late blight in potato crops in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leosane Cristina Bosco

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Os sistemas de previsão constituem alternativa para o controle eficiente da requeima em batata e consequente redução da quantidade de fungicidas utilizados, dos custos de produção e da poluição ambiental. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os sistemas de previsão de ocorrência de requeima, Blitecast e Prophy, em cultivos de primavera e outono de batata, cultivar Macaca, suscetível a requeima, na região produtora de Santa Maria (RS. Os experimentos foram desenvolvidos na primavera de 2006 e outono de 2007 com a cultivar Macaca. Os dados meteorológicos foram coletados no centro da área experimental com uma estação automática e com psicrômetros instalados em diferentes níveis. Os tratamentos foram arranjados no delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com quatro repetições, sendo diferenciados por meio dos valores de severidade acumulados, calculados pelos sistemas de previsão Blitecast e Prophy. Os valores de severidade acumulados foram utilizados como indicadores do momento de aplicação de fungicida para o controle da requeima. Verificou-se que a utilização do sistema de previsão de requeima Prophy, com acúmulo de 15, 20 ou 25 valores de severidade e do sistema Blitecast com 24 valores de severidade acumulados, para o genótipo de batata suscetível, Macaca, permite reduzir o número de aplicações de fungicidas sem afetar significativamente a produtividade de tubérculos comerciais.The forecast systems are an alternative to the efficient control of late blight potatoes and consequent reduction in the amount of fungicide and thereby reduce production costs and environmental pollution. The objective of this study was to evaluate forecast systems, Blitecast and Prophy, for late blight occurrence in Macaca potato cultivar in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The experiments were carried out during Spring 2006 and Autumn 2007 with the Macaca cultivar characterized as susceptible to late blight. Meteorological

  19. Marcas do positivismo no governo municipal de Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaret Marchiori Bakos

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available NESTE ARTIGO são examinadas as tendências teóricas dos políticos do Partido Republicano Rio-grandense, que têm por base o positivismo de Augusto Comte. Entre os princípios mais importantes, por eles observados, estava o do continuísmo político. Isto pode elucidar o fato de que, ao longo dos 40 anos de hegemonia política do PRR - de 1897 a 1937 -, Porto Alegre, capital do estado, teve apenas três intendentes.IN THIS ARTICLE is examined the theoretical set developed by the politicians of the Republican Party of Rio Grande do Sul, which were based on August Comte's positivism. Among the more important principles, observed by them, was the political trend. This can elucidate the fact that during the 40 years of the political hegemony of the PRR - from 1897 to 1937 -, Porto Alegre, the capital of the state, had only three quartmasters.

  20. Consumer behaviour towards organic food in porto alegre: an application of the theory of planned behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexia Hoppe

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate consumers' decision-making process, attitudes and values towards organic food throughout the employment of the Theory of Planned Behaviour, adapting the methodology from a European project. 450 consumers were interviewed at supermarkets and farmers' markets in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Results indicate a high penetration level and very positive attitude towards organic products. Organics are believed to be healthier, tastier, more natural and environmental friendly, although being less attractive and more expensive than conventional food. Respondents from the farmers' market represent a specific segment whose values are more oriented toward society. The findings showed an alignment between positive attitude and consumption behaviour among the surveyed consumers. The study finally contributes to the stakeholders in general, since the knowledge of the attributes more valued by consumers can help retailers to play the role of coordinators of this supply chain, stimulating producers to adhere to organic certification, helping them to upgrade their production practices and improve their income. Consumers are also benefiting from this offer in the market.O estudo investiga o processo de tomada de decisão dos consumidores, suas atitudes e valores em relação ao alimento orgânico pelo uso da Teoria do Comportamento Planejado, adaptando a metodologia de um estudo da União Europeia. Foram entrevistados 450 consumidores em supermercados e feiras ecológicas em Porto Alegre, Brasil. Os resultados indicam um grande nível de penetração e uma atitude muito positiva em relação aos produtos orgânicos. Os entrevistados acreditam que os alimentos orgânicos são mais saudáveis, saborosos, mais naturais e ambientalmente corretos, apesar de serem menos atraentes visualmente e mais caros que alimentos convencionais. Os respondentes das feiras ecológicas representam um segmento específico com valores mais orientados

  1. Definição de níveis aceitáveis baseados no risco para hidrocarbonetos no Município de Porto Alegre segundo a metodologia RBCA Definition of risk-based screening levels to hydrocarbons in Porto Alegre municipality according to the RBCA methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eri Takeuchi

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo definiu valores de NABR (Níveis Aceitáveis Baseados no Risco para hidrocarbonetos no Município de Porto Alegre, de acordo a metodologia RBCA, adotando-se dados hidrogeológicos dos compartimentos Embasamento Cristalino alterado e Depósitos Sedimentares Quaternários. Os parâmetros de exposição adequados à população do município, bem como dados de toxicidade dos compostos selecionados, foram definidos a partir de fontes bibliográficas e bancos toxicológicos disponíveis. As tabelas de referência geradas são, em geral, mais restritivas para o Embasamento Cristalino em relação aos Depósitos Sedimentares. Comparados às tabelas de referência da Cetesb, os valores correspondentes a Porto Alegre são inferiores, resultando na necessidade de investigações ambientais mais detalhadas em áreas impactadas por hidrocarbonetos.This study defined RBSL (Risk Based Screening Levels values to hydrocarbons in Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil. The values were obtained through the RBCA methodology, using hydrogeological data from the Crystalline Altered Basement and the Quaternary Sedimentary Deposits. The exposure parameters appropriate to the urban population, as well as toxicity data of selected compounds, were obtained from bibliographical sources and toxicological databases. The reference tables demonstrated that the Crystalline Altered Basement values, in general, are more restrictive than those from the Quaternary Sedimentary Deposits. In comparison to Cetesb's reference tables, the values in Porto Alegre are lower, resulting in the need of more detailed environmental investigations in hydrocarbons polluted areas.

  2. ROBATEL RS 24 packaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Robatel, M.; Bochard, C.

    1986-01-01

    The ROBATEL RS 24 packaging for light-water reactor fuel assemblies is discussed. The cask uses a strength frame of carbon steel sheets, lead gamma ray shielding, neutron shielding of aluminous concrete, a thermal protection system for the gamma shielding, and a natural convection thermal transfer system

  3. Violência sexual e sua prevalência em adolescentes de Porto Alegre, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polanczyk Guilherme Vanoni

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a prevalência da exposição à violência sexual entre adolescentes estudantes de escolas estaduais. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas 52 escolas estaduais de Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil, com ensino fundamental completo, por meio de um processo de amostragem aleatória, estratificada de acordo com o tamanho das escolas. Foi selecionada, em cada escola, uma turma de oitava série por sorteio aleatório e foram incluídos todos os adolescentes presentes nas salas de aula que consentiram em participar do estudo. Foi utilizado o instrumento Triagem da Exposição de Crianças à Violência na Comunidade para identificar jovens que foram vítimas, testemunhas ou que conheciam vítimas de atos de violência sexual. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos 1.193 adolescentes, representando 10,3% dos alunos matriculados na oitava série da rede estadual da cidade. Vinte e sete (2,3% adolescentes relataram ter sido vítimas de violência sexual, 54 (4,5% ter sido testemunhas de algum tipo de violência sexual e 332 (27,9% relataram conhecer alguém que tenha sido vítima de violência sexual. CONCLUSÕES: A exposição à violência sexual pelas três formas de contato relatadas mostrou-se freqüente entre os adolescentes estudados. São necessários estudos que abordem a violência sexual como um fenômeno social amplo, com múltiplos fatores associados, amparando estratégias comunitárias de prevenção e de tratamento.

  4. Fobia social: estudo da prevalência em duas escolas em Porto Alegre Social phobia: a study of the prevalence in two schools in Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabrielly Cruvinel Fernandes

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A fobia social é freqüente entre adolescentes, sendo importante a sua identificação e a determinação de potenciais prejuízos. OBJETIVOS: Relatar a prevalência e o impacto na escolaridade da fobia social em uma amostra de adolescentes. MÉTODOS: O inventário de fobia social (SPIN foi administrado em 525 alunos dos ensinos fundamental e médio, de ambos os sexos, em uma escola pública e em uma particular, na cidade de Porto Alegre, Brasil, porquanto 32 foram excluídos por respostas incompletas. Foi aplicado também um questionário para identificação das características sociodemográficas da amostra. RESULTADOS: De acordo com o SPIN, 114 dos 493 alunos (23,12% obtiveram escores iguais ou superiores a 19 pontos no referido inventário, indicando a presença de sintomas compatíveis com o diagnóstico de fobia social. As meninas tenderam a apresentar maior freqüência de transtorno de ansiedade social em relação aos meninos (p = 0,053. Não foi encontrada associação significativa entre repetência e fobia social. CONCLUSÕES: Os sintomas compatíveis com o diagnóstico de fobia social são prevalentes em adolescentes e, em virtude de seu curso crônico, podem causar sérios prejuízos nestes indivíduos. Neste estudo, não foi possível correlacionar fobia social com repetência escolar. No entanto, é de fundamental importância a identificação e o tratamento precoce deste transtorno de ansiedade.Social phobia is frequent among adolescents, and its identification and determination of potential impairments are of great importance. OBJECTIVES: To report the prevalence and impact of social phobia on education in a sample of adolescents. METHODS: The Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN was administered to 525 students of primary and high school, of both genders, in one public and one private school in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil, but 32 students were excluded from the study due to incomplete answers. A sociodemographic questionnaire

  5. The Porto Alegre Early Life Nutrition and Health Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaffee, Benjamin Wilk; Vítolo, Márcia Regina; Feldens, Carlos Alberto

    2014-12-01

    Early childhood caries is a persistent worldwide problem. The etiologic contribution of feeding practices has been less frequently investigated in prospective studies of young children. The Porto Alegre Early Life Nutrition and Health Study has followed a birth cohort of 715 mother-child pairs, recruited from municipal health centers, originally involved in a cluster-randomized controlled trial of healthcare worker training. The birth cohort links prospectively collected socio-demographic, infant feeding, and general and oral health information. To date, oral health data, including caries status and oral health-related quality of life, have been collected for 458 children at the age of 2-3 years. Studies are underway to investigate possible determinants and consequences of oral health among these children.

  6. The Porto Alegre Early Life Nutrition and Health Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Wilk Chaffee

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Early childhood caries is a persistent worldwide problem. The etiologic contribution of feeding practices has been less frequently investigated in prospective studies of young children. The Porto Alegre Early Life Nutrition and Health Study has followed a birth cohort of 715 mother-child pairs, recruited from municipal health centers, originally involved in a cluster-randomized controlled trial of healthcare worker training. The birth cohort links prospectively collected socio-demographic, infant feeding, and general and oral health information. To date, oral health data, including caries status and oral health-related quality of life, have been collected for 458 children at the age of 2-3 years. Studies are underway to investigate possible determinants and consequences of oral health among these children.

  7. Radioprotection in nuclear medicine department of 'Porto Alegre Clinical Hospital'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dias, T.M.; Pinto, A.L.; Bacelar, A.L.; Dytz, A.S.; Bernasiuk, M.E.; Baptista, I.S.

    1996-01-01

    The use of ionizing radiation in medicine allows great benefits. Nuclear Medicine uses ionizing radiation for medical diagnostic, such as: tumor, cancer, and dysfunctions location. However the use of ionizing radiation must be controlled in order to avoid likely biological effects in human beings. In order to extremely minimize that these effects appear, the Medical Physics Department of the Porto Alegre Clinical Hospital has implemented some procedures to assure that handling and use of radioactive material are in a safe way. This preoccupation is considered in all the places of nuclear medicine sector since the moment when the radioactive material is brought into including its manipulation and retirement, the exam process being accompanied. (authors). 4 refs

  8. Prevalência e fatores associados à ocorrência de anemia entre menores de seis anos de idade em Pelotas, RS Prevalence of anemia and associated factors among children under six years of age in Pelotas, South Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iná dos Santos

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência e investigar fatores associados à ocorrência de anemia entre menores de seis anos de idade atendidos pela Pastoral da Criança em Pelotas, RS. MÉTODOS: Na fase de rastreamento de uma intervenção nutricional, as crianças foram avaliadas através de estudo transversal. No domicílio, após consentimento informado, a mãe foi entrevistada, sendo coletadas informações sobre características demográficas e socioeconômicas da família, saúde da criança, características ao nascer, amamentação e freqüência semanal de consumo de alimentos. As crianças foram pesadas e medidas. Foi coletada uma amostra de sangue capilar da polpa digital em microcuveta e a leitura da concentração de hemoglobina foi feita em fotômetro portátil (Hemocue. Considerou-se como tendo anemia quando a concentração de hemoglobina era inferior a 11 g/dl. Por se tratar de desfecho freqüente, a associação com as variáveis independentes foi analisada por regressão de Poisson. A análise obedeceu a modelo hierárquico previamente definido. RESULTADOS: Foram identificadas 362 crianças menores de seis anos, sendo a hemoglobina dosada em 304 (84,0% delas. A prevalência de anemia foi de 53,0% (IC95% 47,2% - 58,7%. Os fatores de risco foram a menor idade da criança, cor não branca, presença de família numerosa e classe social E (em comparação à D. A disponibilidade de água encanada dentro de casa e o maior peso ao nascer mostraram-se fatores protetores. CONCLUSÕES: os achados deste estudo mostram uma alta prevalência de anemia entre as crianças alvo da ação da Pastoral da Criança, bem como a presença de diversos fatores de risco e poucos fatores de proteção, o que mostra a necessidade de intervenções preventivas.OBJECTIVES: to determine the prevalence of and investigate factors associated with anemia among children under six years of age, assisted by the Pastoral da Criança in Pelotas, South Brazil. METHODS

  9. Diferenças entre fatores de risco para infecção pelo HIV em usuários de drogas injetáveis do Rio de Janeiro e Porto Alegre Risks differences of HIV infection between injection drug users in Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel De Boni

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: No Brasil, aproximadamente 19 mil pessoas adquiriram o vírus HIV por meio do uso de drogas injetáveis desde o início da epidemia, com a soroprevalência em amostras destes usuários variando entre 25% e 65%. O objetivo deste estudo é comparar os comportamentos de risco para infecção por HIV entre amostras de usuários de cocaína injetável do Rio de Janeiro e de Porto Alegre. MÉTODOS: Comparação entre dados de estudos transversais conduzidos em Porto Alegre e no Rio de Janeiro. Um grupo de 250 indivíduos que haviam utilizado cocaína injetável nos seis meses prévios à coleta respondeu ao RBA (Risk Behaviour Assessement e realizou testagem anti-HIV em ambos os centros. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os dados demográficos, exceto entre as médias de idade (31 anos no Rio de Janeiro e 28 anos em Porto Alegre. Em Porto Alegre, houve maior uso de cocaína injetável e maior número de comportamentos de risco relacionados a este uso. No Rio de Janeiro, houve mais comportamentos sexuais de risco e uso mais freqüente de cocaína aspirada e álcool. DISCUSSÃO: Os usuários de cocaína injetável das duas regiões estudadas apresentavam freqüências diferentes nos comportamentos de risco para HIV, e estes comportamentos parecem estar relacionados com o tipo, a via e a freqüência das drogas utilizadas. Os dados foram coletados entre 1994 e 1997, quando o uso de crack era menor nestas cidades, o que pode ter alterado o padrão atual de comportamentos de risco para HIV em usuários de cocaína.INTRODUCTION: In Brazil, about 19.000 of HIV cases have been attributed to injection drug use, with the seroprevalence among such samples ranging from 25% to 65%. The aim of this study is to compare drug using and HIV risk behaviors among injection cocaine users in Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre. METHODS: Comparative analysis of cross-sectional data from two studies conducted in Porto Alegre and

  10. Plumbemia em trabalhadores da indústria de reciclagem de baterias automotivas da Grande Porto Alegre, RS Blood lead levels in the battery recycling industry of the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Minozzo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A reciclagem de baterias pode contaminar o ar, o solo e a água, não só no lugar de processamento, mas também nas regiões circunvizinhas, sendo que os resíduos permanecem no local mesmo após o término da atividade. No presente artigo descrevemos os resultados da avaliação da plumbemia em 53 operários que trabalhavam com reciclagem de baterias automotivas e em 53 indivíduos sem história de exposição. Os dados obtidos foram comparados e discutidos em relação às normas do Ministério do Trabalho (MT e da Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA. A plumbemia no sangue do grupo controle foi de 2,44±1,15 µg/dl e, no grupo exposto, de 59,43±28,34 µg/dl, sendo que 79,2% dos indivíduos mostraram níveis acima do valor de referência (até 40 µg/dl. Estudos recentes recomendam estratégias para prevenir a intoxicação com chumbo: identificação, eliminação ou controle da fonte, monitoração da exposição e respectivos danos e um programa de recompra de baterias usadas das por parte da indústria de origem.Battery recycling may contaminate soil, air and water not only at the processing site but also in the neighboring areas, inasmuch as the residues remain at the site even after the end of the activity. In the present article, we describe the results of plumbism evaluation in 53 individuals that work with car battery recycling and 53 individuals without history of lead exposure. The obtained data were compared and discussed according to the regulations of Brazilian Ministry of Labor and OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Blood lead levels in the control group were 2.44 ± 1.15 µg/dl and 59.43 ± 28.34 µg/dl in the exposed group. 79.2 % of the individuals presented levels above the reference value (40 µg/dl. Recent studies recommend strategies to prevent lead intoxication: source identification, control or elimination, monitoring of environmental exposure and hazards and a buy-back program of used batteries by the industry of origin.

  11. Análise descritiva dos pacientes com fibrose cística em acompanhamento na Unidade de Pneumologia Pediátrica de um hospital universitário em Porto Alegre-RS = Descriptive analysis of cystic fibrosis patients followed by the Pediatric Pulmonology Unit of a university hospital in Porto Alegre-RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chakr, Valentina Coutinho Baldoto Gava

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Descrever o perfil de pacientes acompanhados num centro de tratamento de médio porte, especializado em fibrose cística, e comparar os dados obtidos com os encontrados na literatura atual. Métodos: Foram analisados e correlacionados dados de importância para o seguimento clínico dos pacientes com fibrose cística obtidos no banco de dados de acompanhamento dos mesmos pacientes. Os resultados foram expressos em médias ± desvio padrão (DP ou medianas e amplitude interquartil 25-75%, conforme a distribuição das variáveis. Resultados: Foram estudados 26 pacientes do sexo masculino e 22 do feminino. A idade mediana do diagnóstico foi de 0,98 anos. Dos 48 pacientes, 89,6% apresentam insuficiência pancreática e 29,1% mostraram pelo menos uma cultura positiva para Pseudomonas aeruginosa nos últimos 6 meses. Apresentavam redução dos parâmetros de função pulmonar o grupo com insuficiência pancreática (84 versus 112%; p = 0,005 e os portadores de infecção crônica por P. aeruginosa (75 versus 85%; p = 0,006. Conclusões: Os dados obtidos em nosso estudo mostram que este grupo de pacientes se apresenta de maneira concordante aos dados disponíveis na literatura quanto às características analisadas da doença. Contudo, há uma exceção marcante quanto ao diagnóstico da mesma, ainda muito tardiamente realizado no Brasil

  12. Dry season distribution of hydroids in a small tropical estuary, Pernambuco, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Calder, D.R.; Maÿal, E.M.

    1998-01-01

    Hydroid distribution patterns along a horizontal ecocline in the Rio Formoso/Rio Ariquindá/Rio Porto Alegre system, a small and seasonally poikilohaline estuary on the tropical northeast coast of Brazil, were investigated. Collecting was undertaken during the dry season, in November 1993, by diving

  13. Variação do número de estômatos e micropêlos em Paspalum vaginatum Sw: em relação às condições abióticas numa marisma do estuário da Lagoa dos Patos, RS-Brasil Variation in the number of stomata and microhairs of Paspalum vaginatum Sw: en relation to abiotic conditions in a breakwater in the Lagoa dos Patos estuary, RS-Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleci de Oliveria Bastos

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available Paspalum vaginatum Sw., gramínea perene, estolonífera, com folhas anfistomáticas e pequenas é característica de pântanos salgados, crescendo em condições estressantes na marisma da lagoa dos Patos, molhe oeste da Barra do Rio Grande, RS. Foram feitas contagens mensais de estômatos e micropêlos nas superfícies adaxial e abaxial das lâminas e relacionadas às características abióticas do ambiente. O número de micropêlos da superfície foliar abaxial variou significativamente e diretamente com a temperatura da água intersticial junto às rizosferas. Estes, porém, não mantiveram correlação com a salinidade intersticial. Os resultados sugerem que a espécie seja uma halófita facultativa. O número de estômatos da superfície abaxial manteve um relacionamento inverso com a pluviosidade. Paspalum vaginatum, apresenta-se como uma espécie com características xeromórficas.Paspalum vaginatum Sw., a perennial, stoloniferous grass with small leaves presenting stomata on both epidermises is characteristic of salt marshes, growing under stressful conditions near the west breakwater of the Rio Grande outlet, Lagoa dos Patos, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Monthly counts of stomata and microhairs on the adaxial and abaxial surfaces were related to the abiotic characteristics of the enviroment. The number of microhairs of the abaxial leaf surface varied significantly and directly with interstitial water temperature close to the rhyzosphere. However, these counts did not correlate with the interstitial salinity. The results suggest that the species is a facultative halophyte. Stomata counts of the abaxial surface showed an inverse relation to precipitation. Paspalum vaginatum appears to be a species with xeromorphic characteristics.

  14. Disposição dos consumidores porto-alegrenses à compra de carne bovina com certificação Willingness of consumers from Porto Alegre county, Rio Grande do Sul state, for purchasing beef meat with certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Pedro Velho

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Analisou-se o perfil de consumidores de carne bovina e determinou-se o consumo de carne com certificação visando obter dados sobre a importância e o valor da certificação da carne na hora da compra. Avaliou-se ainda o conhecimento do consumidor de carne bovina quanto à certificação da carne e quanto esse consumidor paga por este processo. A pesquisa foi realizada em uma rede de supermercados, mediante a aplicação de questionários dirigidos às pessoas próximas aos balcões com carne, independentemente da espécie animal. Os consumidores exigem alimentos com qualidade e certificados confiáveis que demonstrem e garantam a qualidade dos alimentos, porém, estão dispostos a pagar somente um pouco a mais pela certificação, em comparação ao valor atual de mercado, provavelmente pelo fato de sua renda mensal não permitir maior valorização desse atributo.The profile of beef meat consumers was analyzed, as well as the consumption of certificated meat, with the objective of obtaining data on the importance the of certification value at the purchasing occasion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the beef meat consumers awareness regarding the meat certification and how much they are willing to pay for this process. The data survey was carried out in only one supermarket chain from the city of Porto Alegre - RS, Brazil, which authorized the research interviewing people through questionnaires, close to refrigerator counters of any meat species. It was observed that consumers are demanding for food with quality attributes, with trustful certifications that testify these quality attributes. However, the data obtained from interviews with consumers showed that they are willing to pay only little more for certification than the current price, probably due to the fact that their average monthly income ranges from one to six minimum wages.

  15. Parasitóides de lepidópteros minadores presentes em plantas de crescimento espontâneo em pomar orgânicos de citrus montenegro - RS Parasitoids of leafmining lepidoptera in spontaneous growth plants in an organic citrus orchard in montenegro, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaína Pereira dos Santos

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivos verificar se Phyllocnistis citrella ataca plantas de crescimento espontâneo, presentes em pomar de citros orgânicos, identificar nestas plantas outros lepidópteros minadores e seus parasitóides, e verificar se estes parasitóides são os mesmos relatados para P. citrella. O trabalho foi conduzido no município de Montenegro-RS, em um pomar orgânico do híbrido 'Murcott' (Citrus sinensis x C. reticulata. Realizaram-se amostragens quinzenais, de maio de 2003 a maio de 2004, coletando-se, em cada ocasião, todas as folhas com minas contidas na área delimitada por um aro de 0,28 m², que era jogado nas linhas e nas entrelinhas de 30 árvores sorteadas. O material coletado foi levado ao laboratório para triagem. Durante o estudo, foram registradas 11 espécies de lepidópteros minadores e 12 espécies de microimenópteros parasitóides. Alguns gêneros identificados neste estudo já haviam sido relatados em várias regiões do mundo com espécies parasitando P. citrella, tais como Chrysocharis, Closterocerus, Sympiesis (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae e Bracon (Hymenoptera: Braconidae.This work aimed to check if Phyllocnistis citrella attacks spontaneous growth plants present in an organic citrus orchard, to identify in these plants other leafmining Lepidoptera and its parasitoids, and to verify if the parasitoids species are the same ones reported for P. citrella. The work was conducted in Montenegro, RS, in an organic orchard of the hybrid 'Murcott' (Citrus sinensis x C. reticulata. Samplings were taken every other week, from May 2003 to May 2004, with a ring of 0.28 m² being randomly thrown in the lines and interlines of 30 trees. All the plants with mines inside of the ring were collected. The screening of the material was made in laboratory. Eleven species of leafmining Lepidoptera and 12 species of microhymenopteran parasitoids were found. Some genera identified that this study had been already reported in

  16. Flutuação populacional de Grapholita molesta (Busck com armadilhas de feromônio sexual na cultura do pessegueiro em Bento Gonçalves, RS, Brasil Seasonal fluctuation of Grapholita molesta (Busck using sexual pheromon in peach orchards in Bento Gonçalves, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano João Arioli

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available A flutuação populacional de machos de Grapholita molesta (Busck, 1916 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae foi avaliada em dois pomares comerciais de pessegueiro da cultivar Chiripá em Bento Gonçalves, RS, entre julho de 2000 a junho de 2002. Os insetos foram capturados por meio de armadilhas Delta (duas por pomar iscadas com a formulação comercial do feromônio sexual sintético (E-8-dodecenil-acetato + Z-8-dodecenil-acetato + Z-8-dodecenol e avaliados semanalmente. Foram observados quatro picos populacionais durante o período de produção do pessegueiro: quarta semana de agosto, primeira de novembro e dezembro, e segunda de janeiro. A temperatura média dos sete dias anteriores à cada avaliação foi correlacionada positivamente com o número de adultos da G. molesta capturados nas armadilhas. As informações deste trabalho podem ser utilizadas para orientar os produtores de pessegueiro, visando a direcionar as táticas de controle para os períodos em que a população do inseto for mais elevada nos pomares comerciais.Seasonal fluctuation of male Grapholita molesta (Busck, 1916 (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae was evaluated in two commercial peach orchards cv Chiripá in Bento Gonçalves, RS, from June of 2000 to July of 2002. The insects were evaluated weekly using Delta traps (two/orchard baited with commercial synthetic sex pheromone (E-8-dodecenil-acetato + Z-8-dodecenil-acetato + Z-8-dodecenol. Four peaks were observed during peach production period: last week of August, first of November and December and second of January. Medium temperature seven days before evaluation was positively correlated with catches of male G. molesta in the traps. Information about seasonal fluctuation can be used for growers as a tool to guide insecticide treatments for pest control in peach orchards.

  17. The rural after the exodus: the implications of the depopulation of the fields in Arroio do Só - Santa Maria/RS, Brazil O rural depois do êxodo: as implicações do despovoamento dos campos no distrito de Arroio do Só, município de Santa Maria/RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabricio Teló

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to understand the sociospatial transformations resulting from the depopulation of the fields and their effects on the rural landscape of Arroio do Só in Santa Maria - RS. To this end, we attempted to identify changes in the way of life of rural people, their activities and relationships and understand how this process has occurred, its causes and its impact on quality of life and social structure of the population that remained in place. The discussion on the modernization of agriculture is key to understanding this process. This district was chosen as a research site because it is a town that, in the past, had a very big socioeconomic dynamism, and now, according to the bankruptcy of several companies and the consequent emigration of much of the population, the sociospatial dynamic has changed. It was collected data from a secondary source of FIBGE and FEE in order to periodize population dynamics of the district, county and state. The qualitative research was conducted through interviews with the subjects in the field and their representatives, with the help of the Field DiaryEste trabalho tem por objetivo apreender as transformações socioespaciais decorrentes do processo de despovoamento dos campos e seus reflexos sobre a paisagem rural do distrito de Arroio do Só, em Santa Maria – RS. Para isso buscou-se identificar as mudanças no modo de vida da população rural, suas atividades e relações e compreender como se deu esse processo, suas causas e suas repercussões na qualidade de vida e na estrutura social da população que permaneceu no local. A discussão sobre a modernização da agricultura é fundamental para a compreensão desse processo. Esse distrito foi escolhido como local de pesquisa por ser uma localidade que, no passado tinha um grande dinamismo socioeconômico, e agora, em função das falências das várias empresas e da consequente emigração de grande parte da população, a dinâmica socioespacial

  18. Consumo de suplementos nutricionais por frequentadores de academias da cidade de Porto Alegre Consumo de suplementos nutricionales por los frecuentadores de las academias de la ciudad de Porto Alegre Consumption of nutritional supplements among individuals in Porto Alegre's fitness centers

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Paula Trussardi Fayh; Cláudia Villela da Silva; Flávia Roanna Dotto de Jesus; Gabriela Kerpel Costa

    2013-01-01

    O objetivo do estudo foi verificar a prevalência do uso de suplementos alimentares nas academias da cidade de Porto Alegre. Foram entrevistados 316 indivíduos com idade entre 18-59 anos. A abordagem foi por voluntariedade, em 22 academias da cidade. Observou-se um expressivo uso de suplementos nutricionais pelos participantes (28,8%), e os homens utilizam mais suplementos do que as mulheres (p

  19. Prevalence of risk factors for hepatitis C and associated factors: a population-based study in southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kvitko, David Timm; Bastos, Gisele Alsina Nader; Pinto, Maria Eugênia Bresolin

    2013-04-01

    The hepatitis C is a severe public health problem worldwide because its consequences. Studies which aim at determining the prevalence of risk factors are really important to understand the problem. To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with some risk factors for the disease in a community, called Restinga, located in the city of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. This paper is based on a population-based cross-sectional study, with systematic sampling and proportional to the size of census tracts in which 3,391 adults answered a standardized questionnaire. The prevalence of blood transfusion among the people who were interviewed was 14.98%, 60.83% of those had it before 1993. A total of 16.16% of the people had a tattoo, 7.23% wore a piercing, 1.09% said they had already injected illicit drugs and 12.39% reported previous hospitalization. Prevalence ratios showed that tattoos were more common among young people, piercings among women and illicit drugs among men. To summarize, the recognition of risk factors for hepatitis C enables proper screening of possible carriers of the hepatitis C virus, thus enabling a reduction in virus shedding. However, being only possible if health services are prepared to deal with hepatitis C virus, through education and public awareness.

  20. PREVALENCE OF RISK FACTORS FOR HEPATITIS C AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS: a population-based study in southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Timm KVITKO

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Context The hepatitis C is a severe public health problem worldwide because its consequences. Studies which aim at determining the prevalence of risk factors are really important to understand the problem. Objective To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with some risk factors for the disease in a community, called Restinga, located in the city of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Method This paper is based on a population-based cross-sectional study, with systematic sampling and proportional to the size of census tracts in which 3,391 adults answered a standardized questionnaire. Results The prevalence of blood transfusion among the people who were interviewed was 14.98%, 60.83% of those had it before 1993. A total of 16.16% of the people had a tattoo, 7.23% wore a piercing, 1.09% said they had already injected illicit drugs and 12.39% reported previous hospitalization. Prevalence ratios showed that tattoos were more common among young people, piercings among women and illicit drugs among men. Conclusions To summarize, the recognition of risk factors for hepatitis C enables proper screening of possible carriers of the hepatitis C virus, thus enabling a reduction in virus shedding. However, being only possible if health services are prepared to deal with hepatitis C virus, through education and public awareness.

  1. Incidence of uterine post abortion infection at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. Is prophylactic antibiotic necessary?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carine Luíze Panke

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence of pelvic infection after miscarriage undergoing uterine evacuation in a tertiary hospital in southern Brazil and to compare with the international literature.METHODS: we reviewed electronic medical records of the Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre of all patients who underwent uterine evacuation for miscarriage between August 2008 and January 2012 were reviewed. We included all patients submitted to uterine curettage due to abortion and who had outpatient visits for review after the procedure. We calculated emographic and laboratory data of the study population, number needed for treatment (NNT and number needed to harm (NNH.RESULTS: of the 857 revised electronic medical records, 377 patients were subjected to uterine evacuation for miscarriage; 55 cases were lost to follow-up, leaving 322 cases that were classified as not infected abortion on admission. The majority of the population was white (79%; HIV prevalence and positive VDRL was 0.3% and 2%, respectively. By following these 322 cases for a minimum of seven days, it was found that the incidence of post-procedure infection was 1.8% (95% CI 0.8 to 4. The NNT and NNH calculated for 42 months were 63 and 39, respectively.CONCLUSION: The incidence of post-abortion infection between August 2008 to January 2012 was 1.8% (0.8 to 4.

  2. Appropriation and rationality in hip hop groups organization practices in Porto Alegre: an analysis on the perspective of Guerreiro Ramos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Dornelas Camara

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the organizational practices of hip hop groups from Porto Alegre, southern Brazil, as they appropriate foreign experience and rationally guide their social action. The aim of this work is to investigate these practices, based on the formulations of Brazilian sociologist Alberto Guerreiro Ramos, as they are enunciated in the works The Sociological Reduction and The New Science of Organizations. This approach offers fruitful material to broaden the theory and may be subsidiary to this kind of socio-cultural study, explaining why it is pertinent in this field. In this sense, the hip hop movement can be viewed as valuable when it comes to understanding phenomena which, due to (and in spite of being originally transnational, or even "foreign", act or interact worldwide. Examining the organization practices and social action of these groups also helped identify a concern with the production of cultural artifacts that represent and form a symbolism that is historically and culturally located. Another issue that was broached concerns the market since for those groups it is not a category absent from their struggles and actions, but the economic criteria are incidental in relation to their members' motivation.

  3. Natural radionuclides concentration in agricultural products and water from the Monte Alegre region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gouvea, Vandir A.; Melo, Vicente P.; Binns, Donald A.C.; Santos, Pedro L. dos

    1997-01-01

    Measurements to determine the content of natural radionuclides were performed in agricultural products in the brazilian Central Amazon Basin Monte Alegre region, for the soil-plant transfer calculation. these measurements were concentrated in the Ingles de Souza agricultural settlement, were several uranium and thorium occurrences exist in geological formations called Monte Alegre and Faro. The values obtained in foodstuff cultivated in the anomalous region are 10 times higher than those ones observed in the Alenquer region, which is the chosen region due to its low level natural radioactivity and its proximity to the anomalous region. (author). 9 refs., 4 tabs

  4. Paula, RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solon Jonas Longhi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The present work is part of studies and researches developed at Long Duration Ecological Project - PELD/CNPq, located in São Francisco de Paula’s National Forest (FLONA, RS. The objective of this paper was to identify and to characterize the different stages of succession in mixed rainy forest remains. The work had been accomplished in ten permanent conglomerates of 100m x 100m (10.000m2, which were divided into ten strips of 10m x 100m (1.000m2 and these ones subdivided into ten subunits of 10m x 10m (100m2. In this research, a strip of 10m x 100m was selected for each conglomerate, totaling 100 subunits (stands, where it had been installed, at DBH height, dendrometric bands in all trees with CBH ≥ 30cm, for annual diameters measurement. The cluster analysis was accomplished through the Twinspan program, using a data matrix with ninety-nine stands (one of those was unconsidered by the absence of individuals with CBH ≥ 30cm having as variable the annual increment in diameter (obtained in two years of observations of sixty nine species. Three floristic groups was obtained, indicating stages of succession in the forest: a group separated a less developed stage of succession denominated secondary forest, being Nectandra megapotamica and Cryptocaria aschersoniana the indicative species; a second group indicated an intermediate stage of succession in the forest, being Sebastiania commersoniana and Ocotea pulchella the indicative species; and a third group of primary forest, whose indicative species was Araucaria angustifolia.

  5. Qualidade do leite cru comercializado informalmente no município de Itaqui-RS | Quality of raw milk informally sold in the city of Itaqui, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henrique Almeida Molina

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a qualidade do leite cru comercializado informalmente no município de Itaqui-RS. Foram coletadas 21 amostras de leite de diferentes produtores, as quais foram identificadas e investigadas quanto à presença de substâncias fraudulentas (cloro e hipocloritos, peróxido de hidrogênio, formol, neutralizantes de acidez, amido, urina e sacarose, análises físico-químicas (densidade, gordura, extrato seco total (EST, extrato seco desengordurado (ESD, proteínas e acidez titulável, microbiológicas, resíduos de antibióticos e contagem de células somáticas (CCS. Os resultados obtidos indicaram a presença de neutralizantes de acidez somente na amostra do produtor 8, e apenas as amostras 7 e 15 estavam com valores de densidade em desacordo com a legislação. Para o conteúdo de gordura, 33,3% das amostras não atenderam aos requisitos da Instrução Normativa nº 62/2011, assim como 57,1%, 61,9% e 61,9% das amostras avaliadas quanto à CCS, ao ESD e à acidez, respectivamente. Considerando a contagem total de micro-organismos, 61,9% das amostras de leite apresentaram contagem superior ao estabelecido pela legislação. Além disso, constatou-se que 23,8% continham resíduos de antibióticos. Portanto, observou-se que todo o leite comercializado apresentou pelo menos um dos parâmetros de qualidade fora dos padrões da legislação brasileira. =============================================== The objective of this work was to evaluate the quality of informally commercialized raw milk in the city of Itaqui, RS. Various producers provided a total of 21 samples of milk, which were then identified and investigated for fraudulent compounds (chlorine, hypochlorites, hydrogen peroxide, formaldehyde, acid neutralizers, starch, urine, and sucrose, physical-chemical analysis [density, fat content, total dry extract, solids-non-fat, protein content, and titratable acidity], microbiological analysis, antibiotic residues

  6. Gênero e pobreza multidimensional no município de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul Multidimensionality in gender and poverty in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izete Pengo Bagolin

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho buscou identificar e dar visibilidade às múltiplas dimensões da pobreza, incluindo aí seus aspectos espaciais e as particularidades das desigualdades de gênero em Porto Alegre. Ele está baseado em resultados de pesquisa, na qual foram entrevistadas 16386 pessoas vivendo em situação de pobreza nas diferentes regiões da cidade. A pesquisa buscou uma mudança de foco na análise sobre pobreza ao enfatizar o peso das dimensões que as pessoas consideram relevante para uma vida "digna de ser vivida". Os resultados evidenciaram a importância de dimensões como habitação, saúde e educação para viabilizar às pessoas uma vida "digna de ser vivida". Igualmente, mostraram as diferenças nas privações entre homens e mulheres, a heterogeneidade entre as regiões de Porto Alegre e, em especial, as formas como homens e mulheres vivenciam e manifestam suas percepções acerca da pobreza e das privações.This paper aims to discuss the importance of multidimensionality in understanding poverty in Porto Alegre, as well as to identify the spatial and gender disparities among its regions. The paper was based on a dataset from a survey conducted in 2007, in a two-stage methodology in which 16386 people living in poverty were interviewed. The results enabled the researchers to highlight the importance of dimensions such as habitation, health and education to allow people to "live a "dignified life". It also shows the differences in deprivations between men and women, the heterogeneity among the Porto Alegre regions and, in particular, the way in which men and women shape their perceptions of poverty and deprivation.

  7. Occurrence and genetic characterization of Listeria spp. in minimally processed vegetables commercialized in Porto Alegre, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Verdin, Sylvia Elisa Frizzo; Silva, Silvia Regina Pavan da; Pereira, Dariane Castro; Schatkoski, Aline Modelski; Corção, Gertrudes

    2007-01-01

    Minimally processed vegetables go through many steps before they are refrigerated, selection, washing, peeling, cutting, disinfection and finally packaging. However, if no care is taken at the origin of the raw materials and in the processing stages, there is a chance of finding pathogenic bacteria, such as Listeria monocytogenes, which are able to grow at low temperatures. The aim of this research was to verify the occurrence of Listeria sp. in minimally processed vegetables sold in Porto Al...

  8. Porto Alegre (Brazil in the 1970s: Authoritarian State and Abstraction in Public Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Alves

    2009-07-01

    Only in 1985, with the election by the Congress of the civilian opposition leader Tancredo Neves for the presidency the country would officially leave dictatorship behind. Unfortunately, Tancredo Neves would die before taking the presidency and his vice-president, a representative of the old and most backwards oligarchies of the country politically tied to the supporters of Military Dictatorship. Only in November of 1989, the country would have its first presidential elections after 29 years of dictatorship.

  9. Florística e fitossociologia do componente arbóreo de uma floresta ribeirinha, arroio Passo das Tropas, Santa Maria, RS, Brasil Floristic composition and structure of arboreal species in a riverine forest, Passo das Tropas River, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Carlos Budke

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Florestas ribeirinhas são caracterizadas por alta heterogeneidade ambiental, onde diferentes fatores físicos e bióticos regulam o mosaico vegetacional. Embora sejam áreas prioritárias à conservação, devido a sua fragilidade e importância, poucos estudos vêm sendo desenvolvidos nestes ambientes, em especial no Rio Grande do Sul. O objetivo do presente estudo é caracterizar a composição florística e a estrutura fitossociológica de um trecho de floresta ribeirinha em Santa Maria, RS. Para o levantamento, foram demarcadas 100 parcelas de 10x10m cada, dispostas paralelamente ao curso do rio, onde todos os indivíduos arbóreos PAP > 15cm foram amostrados. Foram amostrados 2.195 indivíduos vivos e mais 137 mortos ainda em pé. Os indivíduos vivos pertencem a 57 espécies de 47 gêneros distribuídos em 26 famílias. As espécies com maiores valores de importância foram Gymnanthes concolor Spreng, Sebastiania commersoniana (Baill. Smith & Downs, Eugenia uniflora L., Plinia rivularis (Camb. Rotman e Sebastiania brasiliensis Spreng. O índice de diversidade (H' foi de 2,73 nats/indivíduos e a equabilidade (J' 0,69 nats/indivíduos, valores considerados intermediários em comparação a outros levantamentos. A maioria das espécies amostradas (57% provém do oeste do Estado, características das bacias do Paraná-Uruguai, enquanto que 41% são de ampla distribuição e apenas uma espécie provém do corredor atlântico.Riverine forests have great environmental diversity, where many factors, physical and biotical, play a role on the vegetation mosaic. Although riverine forests are hot spots for conservation, because of their fragility and ecological importance, few studies has been made in these areas, especially in Rio Grande do Sul State. The aim of this work is to determine the floristic composition and the vegetation structure of arboreal species in a riverine forest in Santa Maria municipality. All individuals with PBH > 15 cm were

  10. Myxobolus platanus n. sp. (Myxosporea, Myxobolidae, a parasite of Mugil platanus Günther, 1880 (Osteichthyes, Mugilidae from Lagoa dos Patos, RS, Brazil Myxobolus platanus n. sp. (Myxosporea, Myxobolidae, parasita de Mugil platanus Günther, 1880 (Osteichthyes, Mugilidae da Lagoa dos Patos, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.C. Eiras

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Myxobolus platanus n. sp. infecting the spleen of Mugil platanus Günther, 1880 (Osteichthyes, Mugilidae from Lagoa dos Patos, Brazil is described The parasites formed round or slightly oval whitish plasmodia (about 0.05-0.1mm in diameter on the surface of the organ. The spores were round in frontal view and oval in lateral view, 10.7µm (10-11 long, 10.8µm (10-11 wide and 5µm thick, and presented four sutural marks along the sutural edge. The polar capsules, equal in size, were prominent, surpassing the mid-length of the spore, and were oval with the posterior extremity rounded, and converging with their anteriorly tapered ends. They were 7.7µm (7-8 long and 3.8µm (3.5-4 wide. A small intercapsular appendix was present. The polar filament formed five to six coils obliquely placed to the axis of the polar capsule. No mucous envelope or distinct iodinophilous vacuole were found.Descreve-se Myxobolus platanus n. sp. infectando o baço de Mugil platanus Günther, 1880 (Osteichthyes, Mugilidae da Lagoa dos Patos, Brasil. Os parasitas formavam plasmódios brancos redondos ou ligeiramente ovais (diâmetro de cerca de 0,05-0,1mm à superfície do órgão. Os esporos eram circulares em observação frontal e ovais em obervação lateral, medindo, em média, 10,7µm (10-11 de comprimento, 10,8µm (10-11 de largura e 5µm de espessura, e tinham quatro marcas suturais ao longo da linha de sutura. As cápsulas polares eram grandes e do mesmo tamanho ultrapassando a zona média do esporo. Eram de forma oval, tendo a extremidade posterior arredondada, e convergiam pelas extremidades anteriores afiladas, medindo 7,7µm (7-8 de comprimento por 3,8µm (3,5-4 de largura. Um pequeno apêndice intercapsular estava presente. O filamento polar formava cinco a seis dobras colocadas obliquamente em relação ao eixo da cápsula. Não havia envelope mucígeno nem vacúolo iodofílico.

  11. Qualidade higiênico-sanitária dos restaurantes cadastrados na Vigilância Sanitária de Santa Maria, RS, Brasil, no período de 2006 a 2010 Hygienic-sanitary status of restaurants recorded in the health surveillance unit of Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, from 2006 to 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laissa Medeiros

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar, através dos roteiros de inspeção, as condições higiênico-sanitárias dos restaurantes cadastrados pela Vigilância Sanitária (VISA do município de Santa Maria - RS. Neste estudo, foram incluídos 315 roteiros de vistorias provenientes de 120 restaurantes com alvarás sanitários e fiscalizados no período de janeiro de 2006 a dezembro de 2010. As variáveis (a condições de armazenamento dos alimentos, (b equipamentos de conservação a frio e a quente, (c estrutura física do estabelecimento e (d condições higiênico-sanitária dos manipuladores dos alimentos foram compiladas e avaliadas. Os resultados foram analisados estatisticamente pelo programa SAS (Statistical Analysis System versão 9.2 e submetidos aos testes de Qui-quadrado e Fischer. Constatou-se que, no ano de 2009, ocorreram os maiores índices de desconformidades legais nos aspectos higênico-sanitários nos estabelecimentos pesquisados. Esse fato pode estar relacionado ao aumento do número de fiscais sanitários contratados, à descentralização do setor de fiscalização, o que possibilitou a realização de um maior detalhamento dos requisitos fundamentais a serem avaliados nos roteiros de vistoria e, consequentemente, havendo um aumento nas notificações oficiais. Além disso, no ano de 2010, os estabelecimentos apresentaram melhores índices de adequação às boas práticas de produção de alimentos. Com base nas informações obtidas, verificou-se que os serviços prestados pelo setor de alimentos da VISA de Santa Maria estão em crescente evolução.The present study was to evaluate, through the forms of inspection, the sanitary conditions of restaurants registered for Sanitary Surveillance (VISA in the municipality of Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. This study included 315 inspection forms, from 120 restaurants with sanitary permits from January 2006 to December 2010. The following variables: (a food storage conditions

  12. Vida Alegre: Preliminary Findings of a Depression Intervention for Immigrant Latino Mothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piedra, Lissette M.; Byoun, Soo-Jung

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: This article reports the outcome of a pilot study of a cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) intervention--"Vida Alegre" (the contented life)--designed for use with depressed immigrant mothers living in communities with small but rapidly growing Hispanic populations. Method: The study used a pretest/posttest/follow-up…

  13. Escherichia coli verotoxigênica: isolamento e prevalência em 60 propriedades de bovinos de leite da região de Pelotas, RS, Brasil Verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli: isolation and prevalence in 60 dairy cattle farms from Pelotas-RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília Nunes Moreira Sandrini

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available A produção de verotoxinas foi investigada em 1.127 isolamentos de Escherichia coli feitos a partir de 243 bovinos de leite, de água de consumo humano e animal e de amostras de leite de 60 propriedades da bacia leiteira de Pelotas, no período de dezembro de 1999 a dezembro de 2000, com o objetivo de determinar a prevalência de E. coli verotoxigênicas (VTEC nas propriedades e no rebanho, de detectar a presença de sorotipos ligados a infecções humanas e de identificar, nas propriedades e na região de Pelotas, potenciais fatores de risco de infecção para os animais. A detecção das toxinas em sobrenadante de culturas de E. coli isoladas foi realizada através do ensaio de citotoxicidade em células Vero. VTEC foi isolada em 95% (57/60 das propriedades estudadas, em 49% (119/243 dos animais testados, em 5% (3/60 das amostras de água de consumo humano, em 8,35% (5/60 das amostras de água de consumo animal e em 5% (3/60 das amostras de leite. A prevalência de bovinos infectados em cada propriedade variou de 0 a 100%. Em 2,9% (7/243 dos animais testados, foram isoladas VTEC pertencentes aos sorogrupos O157, O91 e O112, que incluem cepas responsáveis por casos de colite hemorrágica e síndrome urêmica hemolítica em humanos. Fatores de risco de contaminação, como a precipitação pluviométrica, a temperatura, o tamanho da propriedade e a concentração de animais, apresentaram evidências de influenciarem a prevalência de VTEC nos animais. Estes resultados sugerem que o grupo VTEC está amplamente distribuído na bacia leiteira de Pelotas e inclui organismos pertencentes a sorogrupos patogênicos para humanos.The production of verotoxin was investigated in 1127 Escherichia coli isolated from 243 dairy cattle, water for human and animal consumption, and milk samples from 60 dairy farms from Pelotas-Brazil, from December of 1999 to December of 2000, to determine the prevalence of verotoxigenic E. coli (VTEC in farms, to detect the

  14. Composition, community structure and vertical distribution of epiphytic ferns on Alsophila setosa Kaulf., in a Semideciduous Seasonal Forest, Morro Reuter, RS, Brazil Composição, estrutura comunitária e distribuição vertical de samambaias epifíticas sobre Alsophila setosa Kaulf. (Cyatheaceae, em Floresta Estacional Semidecidual, Morro Reuter, RS, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Henrique Schneider

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In tropical forests, tree ferns constitute an important phorophyte for the establishment and occurrence of epiphytic species. Composition, structure and vertical distribution of epiphytic ferns were studied on Alsophila setosa Kaulf., in a semideciduous seasonal forest fragment, in the city of Morro Reuter (29º32'07"S and 51º05'26"W, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The sample consisted of 60 caudices of at least 4 m high, which were divided in 1 m intervals from the ground. The specific importance value was estimated trough the coverage value and caudex frequency at the intervals. A total of 14 species was recorded, belonging to 10 genera and five families. The highest specific richness occurred in Polypodiaceae. The rarefaction curve for the total sample did not reach an asymptote with an estimated 14.98 to 16.95 species, showing that a few species could still be recorded. The species with the highest importance value and vertical amplitude was Blechnum binervatum (Poir. C.V. Morton & Lellinger, with a decreasing frequency from bottom to top of the caudex. Considering the predominance of habitual holoepiphytes, the removal of Alsophila setosa caudices compromises microhabitat availability for epiphytes in the forest understory.Nas florestas tropicais as samambaias arborescentes constituem forófitos importantes para o estabelecimento e ocorrência de espécies epifíticas. A composição, a estrutura e a distribuição vertical de samambaias epifíticas foram estudadas sobre Alsophila setosa Kaulf., em fragmento de Floresta Estacional Semidecidual, localizado no município de Morro Reuter (29º32'07"S e 51º05'26"W, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Foram amostrados 60 cáudices de no mínimo 4 m de altura e eles foram divididos em intervalos de 1 m, a partir do solo. O valor de importância específico foi estimado a partir da freqüência nos cáudices , nos intervalos e do valor de cobertura. Foram registradas 14 espécies epif

  15. Perfil socioeconômico dos feirantes e consumidores da Feira do Produtor de Passo Fundo, RS Socioeconomic profile of farmers and consumers of the Passo Fundo farmer’s market, Rio Grande de Sul state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Carlos Rocha

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A Feira do Produtor de Passo Fundo, embora seja um evento institucionalizado há 22 anos, ainda não havia sido objeto de estudo formalizado quanto à caracterização social e econômica de quem nela vende e compra. O objetivo deste trabalho foi traçar o perfil socioeconômico dos feirantes e consumidores da Feira do Produtor de Passo Fundo, RS. Os dados foram obtidos por meio da aplicação de questionário junto a 58 feirantes e 471 consumidores. Os questionários abrangeram questões referentes aos aspectos socioeconômicos dos entrevistados e produtos ofertados/comprados na feira, como hortaliças, frutas, grãos, produtos de origem animal e produtos artesanais. Verificou-se que a faixa etária dos consumidores concentra-se entre 35 a 65 anos. Os feirantes apresentam idade média entre 40 e 55 anos. Um terço dos feirantes possuem núcleo familiar composto por até três pessoas. O nível de escolaridade mais comum neste grupo é o fundamental. Aproximadamente 80% dos entrevistados relataram ganho mensal de até R$1.000,00. Os consumidores são, em sua maioria, indivíduos das classes B2, C e D, dos quais 60% declararam renda mensal entre R$500,00 e R$2.000,00. O valor médio de consumo foi de R$25,94 feira-1. Os homens gastaram, em média, R$26,34 e as mulheres R$25,48 feira-1. As hortaliças e as frutas constituem mais da metade (59% dos itens comprados na Feira em análise.Though the Passo Fundo farmer's market has been in existed for over 22 years, the social and economic status of farmers and consumers attended has not been documented yet. Consequently, this study sought to provide the first detailed socioeconomic profile of farmers and consumers that participate in the market. Questionnaires were administered to 58 farmers that hold permanent stalls at the market and another to 471 consumers. The questionnaires had queries regarding the socioeconomic aspects of farmers and consumers, and products offered/purchased at the market, such

  16. Estudo longitudinal das crianças nascidas em 1982 em Pelotas, RS, Brasil: metodologia e resultados preliminares Study in length of children born in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in 1982: metodology and preliminary results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Gomes Victora

    1985-02-01

    Full Text Available Tentou-se acompanhar a morbi-mortalidade e o crescimento de uma coorte de 6.011 crianças urbanas nascidas em 1982 nos hospitais de Pelotas, RS, através de visitas domiciliares aos 12 meses (para uma amostra de 30% das crianças e aos 20 meses (para toda a população. Estas crianças representaram mais de 99% de todos os nascimentos urbanos naquele ano. Foi possível localizar 81% das crianças aos 12 meses e 86% aos 20 meses, devido a uma mudança na estratégia de trabalho de campo. A metodologia empregada e as principais dificuldades encontradas são descritas e as características ao nascer das crianças localizadas no acompanhamento são comparadas com as características das crianças não localizadas. A potencialidade de uso dos dados coletados é exemplificada através de alguns resultados preliminares mostrando as associações entre o peso ao nascer, a renda familiar e o estado nutricional aos 12 meses. O estudo mostra que é possível acompanhar, com uma perda relativamente pequena, uma coorte de crianças com base populacional em uma cidade brasileira de tamanho médio.A cohort of 6,011 urban children born in 1982 in the hospitals of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, was followed up so that their morbidity, mortality and growth could be assessed. These children accounted for over 99% of all births in the city. A 30% sample of the children were visited at home when approximately 12 months old, and the whole population was visited at about 20 months of age. It was possible to locate 81% of the children at 12 months. This proportion increased to 86% at 24 months, due to a change in the logistics of the field work which then included visiting all 69,000 households in the city to locate children whose families had moved within the urban area. The methodology and main difficulties encountered are discussed, and the characteristics at birth of children who were located at the first follow-up visit was compared to those of children lost to

  17. Consumo de suplementos nutricionais por frequentadores de academias da cidade de Porto Alegre Consumo de suplementos nutricionales por los frecuentadores de las academias de la ciudad de Porto Alegre Consumption of nutritional supplements among individuals in Porto Alegre's fitness centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Trussardi Fayh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi verificar a prevalência do uso de suplementos alimentares nas academias da cidade de Porto Alegre. Foram entrevistados 316 indivíduos com idade entre 18-59 anos. A abordagem foi por voluntariedade, em 22 academias da cidade. Observou-se um expressivo uso de suplementos nutricionais pelos participantes (28,8%, e os homens utilizam mais suplementos do que as mulheres (pEl objetivo del estúdio fue verificar la prevalencia de la utilizacíon de suplementos dietéticos en las academias de la ciudad de Porto Alegre. Fueron entrevistadas 316 personas con edad entre 18 y 59 años. La abordaje fue por voluntariedad en 22 academias de la ciudad. Se ha observado un expresivo uso de suplementos nutricionales por los participantes (28,8%, y los hombres utilizan más los suplementos que las mujeres (pThe aim of this study was to verify the prevalence of the use of food supplements at fitness centers in the city of Porto Alegre. Were interviewed 316 individuals at an age range between 18 and 59. Individuals participated voluntarily in 22 fitness centers in the city. The study has revealed a significant use of nutritional supplements by the participants (28.8% and men intake more supplements than women (p<0.05. The most common supplements reported in the study were those mainly based on proteins, which are mainly chosen because of suggestions made by physical educators. The high intake of nutritional supplements indicates the necessity of alerting the population about the risks related to the inappropriate use of nutritional supplements.

  18. Interleukin-6-receptor polymorphisms rs12083537, rs2228145, and rs4329505 as predictors of response to tocilizumab in rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enevold, Christian; Baslund, Bo; Linde, Louise

    2014-01-01

    Tocilizumab (TCZ), a monoclonal antibody targeting the human interleukin-6-receptor (IL-6R), is indicated for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We examined whether three IL6R single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs12083537, rs2228145 (formerly rs8192284), and rs4329505 with previously report...

  19. Prevalência e fatores associados ao tabagismo em estudantes de medicina de uma universidade em Passo Fundo (RS Prevalence of and variables related to smoking among medical students at a university in the city of Passo Fundo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Mazzoleni Stramari

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a prevalência e fatores associados ao tabagismo entre os acadêmicos de medicina e avaliar o perfil desse grupo. MÉTODOS: Responderam a um questionário autoaplicável, contendo perguntas sobre consumo e atitudes relacionadas ao tabagismo, 316 acadêmicos de medicina (98,7% do total da Universidade de Passo Fundo. Segundo recomendações da Organização Mundial da Saúde, os estudantes foram classificados em fumantes diários, fumantes ocasionais, ex-fumantes ou não-fumantes, sendo considerados fumantes ativos os nas duas primeiras categorias. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que 16,5% dos acadêmicos eram fumantes ativos (5,4% diários e 11,1% ocasionais e 3,5% eram ex-fumantes. A média de idade foi 22,2 ± 2,4 anos. Os fatores significativamente associados ao tabagismo (p OBJECTIVE:To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with smoking among medical students, as well as to evaluate the profile of this group. METHODS: A total of 316 medical students (98.7% of the total at the University of Passo Fundo, in the city of Passo Fundo, Brazil, completed a self-report questionnaire with questions on tobacco intake and on attitudes related to smoking. In accordance with the World Health Organization guidelines, the students were classified as daily smokers, occasional smokers, former smokers or nonsmokers, those in the two first categories being considered active smokers. RESULTS: We found that 16.5% of the students were active smokers (daily smokers, 5.4%; occasional smokers, 11.1% and that 3.5% were former smokers. The mean age was 22.2 ± 2.4 years. Factors significantly associated with the smoking habit (p < 0.05 were male gender, paternal smoking, regular alcohol consumption and use of antidepressants or anxiolytics. For the majority (69.2% of the smokers, the age at smoking onset was 15-19 years of age, and the main motivations to start smoking were selfinitiative and influence of friends. The conceptualization of

  20. Exame citopatológico de colo uterino em mulheres com idade entre 20 e 59 anos em Pelotas, RS: prevalência, foco e fatores associados à sua não realização Pap smears of 20 - 59 year-old women in Pelotas, Southern Brazil: prevalence, approach and factors associated with not undergoing the test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnildo A. Hackenhaar

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência e o foco de realização do exame citopatológico do colo uterino e também fatores associados à sua não realização em mulheres com idade entre 20 e 59 anos residentes na cidade de Pelotas, RS. MÉTODOS: Entre outubro e dezembro de 2003 foi realizado um estudo transversal de base populacional. Através de amostragem por conglomerados foram sorteados 144 setores censitários em múltiplos estágios. Foram investigadas variáveis sociodemográficas e a realização de exame citopatológico do colo uterino. RESULTADOS: Dentre as 1404 mulheres que constituem a população-alvo dos programas de prevenção do câncer do colo uterino, 83,0% realizaram o exame citopatológico do colo uterino nos três anos antecedentes a este estudo. Mostraram-se significativamente associadas (POBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the prevalence of and approach of Pap smear tests, as well as associated factors in women living in Pelotas, RS, Southern Brazil, within the 20 - 59 age range, who did not undergo a Pap smear. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was carried out from October to December 2003. 144 census tracts were sampled through a multiple-stage clustered method. Socio-demographic variables were investigated, as well as women's Pap smear tests. RESULTS: Among the 1,404 women who were the target population included in the early detection program of uterine cervix cancer, 83% had had Pap smears in the three years before the study. Variables statistically associated (p<0.05 with women not undergoing the test in the previous three years were: ages ranging from 20-29 to 50-59 years compared with 40-49 year-old women, lower schooling level, lower social level, mixed and black skin color, not having seen a gynecologist in the previous 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: Although this study presents a high coverage of women undergoing Pap smears, women that present higher risk factors for this type of cancer had fewer

  1. Microbiological quality of minimally processed vegetables sold in Porto Alegre, Brazil Qualidade microbiológica de hortaliças minimamente processadas comercializadas em Porto Alegre, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia R. Pavan da Silva

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Minimally processed vegetables go through various steps during their preparation, with many modifications to their natural structure. However, they must maintain the same quality as the fresh produce. The aim of the present study was to quantify mesophilic and psychrotrophic microorganisms and total and faecal coliforms, and to assess the presence of Escherichia coli, parasites, and dirt material in ready-to-eat minimally processed vegetables. Fifty-six samples of minimally processed vegetables were analysed for the presence of mesophilic and psychrotrophic microorganisms by the plate-count method. Monthly means ranged from 4.7x10(5 to 1.6x10(8 CFU/g and from 7.9x10(6 to 2.7x10(8 CFU/g, respectively for mesophilic and psychrotrophic microorganisms. Coliforms were analysed by the multiple-tube method; total coliforms ranged from Hortaliças minimamente processadas passam por várias etapas durante seu processamento, no qual ocorrem várias modificações de sua estrutura natural, todavia elas devem manter a mesma qualidade do produto não processado. O objetivo deste estudo foi quantificar microrganismos mesófilos e psicrótróficos, coliformes totais e fecais e verificar a presença de E. coli, parasitas e sujidades em hortaliças minimamente processadas prontas para consumo. Foram analisadas 56 amostras para mesófilos e psicrotróficos pelo método de contagem em placas, com média mensal 4,7x10(5 a 1,6x10(8 UFC/g e de 7,9x10(6 a 2,7x10(8 UFC/g, respectivamente. Os coliformes foram analisados pela técnica dos tubos múltiplos, onde coliformes totais variaram de <3 a ³ 2,4x10(4 NMP/g e coliformes fecais, de <3 a 1,1x10(4 NMP/g, e E. coli foi observada em oito amostras. De 52 amostras, 8 (15,3% apresentaram oocistos de Eimeria spp. Sujidades, como fragmentos de insetos e ácaros jovens foram encontrados. Contaminação de origem fecal foi verificada no presente estudo, sugerindo falhas nas etapas do processamento das hortaliças, ou que o solo ou a água de irrigação também poderiam ser fontes de disseminação destes microrganismos.

  2. Ronco habitual e apnéia obstrutiva observada em adultos: estudo de base populacional, Pelotas, RS Habitual snoring and obstructive sleep apnea in adults: population-based study in Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo B Noal

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de ronco habitual e apnéia obstrutiva observada e fatores associados. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com amostra representativa de 3.136 adultos, com 20 anos ou mais, residentes em Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, em 2005. Informações sobre os desfechos e variáveis demográficas, socioeconômicas, comportamentais e antropométricas foram coletadas por meio de questionário. A análise estatística bruta e ajustada foi realizada utilizando-se teste exato de Fisher ou qui-quadrado de tendência linear e regressão de Poisson, respectivamente. RESULTADOS: A prevalência encontrada de ronco habitual foi de 50,5% (IC 95%: 48,1;52,8 e de apnéia obstrutiva de 9,9% (IC 95%: 8,7;11,2. Na análise ajustada, o relato de ronco foi maior nos homens (Razão de Prevalências - RP=1,25; IC 95%: 1,16;1,34, nos idosos (RP=1,62; IC 95%: 1,46;1,80, nos tabagistas (RP=1,15; IC 95%: 1,07;1,25, nos alcoolistas (RP=1,17; IC 95%: 1,03;1,31 e nos obesos (RP 1,71, IC95% 1,55;1,88. O relato de apnéia obstrutiva foi maior nos homens (RP=2,05; IC 95%: 1,67;2,52, nos idosos (RP=2,23; IC 95%: 1,64;3,03, nos tabagistas (RP=1,60; IC 95%: 1,25;2,05 e nos obesos (RP=2,61; IC 95%: 1,97;3,47. CONCLUSÕES: Ronco habitual e apnéia obstrutiva foram sintomas comuns na população estudada. Fatores de risco conhecidos como sexo masculino e idade entre quarta e quinta décadas de vida não são modificáveis. Entretanto, tabagismo, alcoolismo e obesidade também associados aos desfechos, devem ser identificados e tratados na população geral.OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of habitual snoring and obstructive sleep apnea and their factors associated. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a representative sample comprising 3,136 adults (>20 years living in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil, in 2005. A questionnaire was used to collect information on demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral and anthropometric variables and outcomes. Crude and adjusted

  3. Formulación participativa del presupuesto en el municipio Caroní: comparación con la experiencia de Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Pilar GARCÍA-GUADILLA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El presente artículo evalúa la experiencia de descentralización local que se lleva a cabo desde 1990 hasta la fecha en el Municipio Caroní de Ciudad Guayana, Venezuela. Focalizándose en la elaboración del presupuesto participativo, se identifican los alcances y limitaciones de algunas prácticas de democracia participativa tales como la participación ciudadana en la gestión local. Finalmente, se hace una comparación con la experiencia de elaboración del presupuesto en forma participativa del municipio de Porto Alegre (Brasil estableciéndose las semejanzas y diferencias entre ambos procesos en lo que se refiere a los siguientes aspectos: la apertura de nuevos espacios de participación, el acceso a la información, la satisfacción de las demandas sociales en consonancia con los criterios de equidad y eficiencia, la existencia y utilización de mecanismos de control de la gestión y la posibilidad de trascender desde la participación local hacia la cultura política de ciudadanos o ciudadanía activa.ABSTRACT: This article evaluates the experience with local decentralization of the Municipio Caroní, in Venezuela since 1990 from the point of view of participatory democracy. It analyzes the decision making process around the elaboration of the socalled "Participatory Budgeting" and compares it with the case of the Municipio Porto Alegre in Brazil in order to draw some conclussión about: the opening of new spaces for participation, access to vital information, residente" satisfacction of their demands according to the criteria of efficiency and equity, mechanisms of control over the representatives and the possibility to trascend from a culture of local participatión to a citizens and active culture.

  4. HIV rapid testing as a key strategy for prevention of mother-to-child transmission in Brazil Prueba rápida para el HIV como una estrategia para la prevención de la transmisión vertical en Brasil Teste rápido para o HIV como estratégia de prevenção da transmissão vertical no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdiléa G Veloso

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of HIV rapid testing for pregnant women at maternity hospital admission and of subsequent interventions to reduce perinatal HIV transmission. METHODS: Study based on a convenience sample of women unaware of their HIV serostatus when they were admitted to delivery in public maternity hospitals in Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre, Brazil, between March 2000 and April 2002. Women were counseled and tested using the Determine HIV1/2 Rapid Test. HIV infection was confirmed using the Brazilian algorithm for HIV infection diagnosis. In utero transmission of HIV was determined using HIV-DNA-PCR. There were performed descriptive analyses of sociodemographic data, number of previous pregnancies and abortions, number of prenatal care visits, timing of HIV testing, HIV rapid test result, neonatal and mother-to-child transmission interventions, by city studied. RESULTS: HIV prevalence in women was 6.5% (N=1,439 in Porto Alegre and 1.3% (N=3.778 in Rio de Janeiro. In Porto Alegre most of women were tested during labor (88.7%, while in Rio de Janeiro most were tested in the postpartum (67.5%. One hundred and forty-four infants were born to 143 HIV-infected women. All newborns but one in each city received at least prophylaxis with oral zidovudine. It was possible to completely avoid newborn exposure to breast milk in 96.8% and 51.1% of the cases in Porto Alegre and Rio de Janeiro, respectively. Injectable intravenous zidovudine was administered during labor to 68.8% and 27.7% newborns in Porto Alegre and Rio de Janeiro, respectively. Among those from whom blood samples were collected within 48 hours of birth, in utero transmission of HIV was confirmed in 4 cases in Rio de Janeiro (4/47 and 6 cases in Porto Alegre (6/79. CONCLUSIONS: The strategy proved feasible in maternity hospitals in Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre. Efforts must be taken to maximize HIV testing during labor. There is a need of strong social support to

  5. The worker of radiological diagnosis and its environment of work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moro, Jose Tulio; Borges, Jose Flavio Marcelino; Bosio, Marcelo; Brombatti, Lisandreia

    1996-01-01

    Preliminary results concerning the working conditions of medical radiodiagnosis establishments in Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil) are evaluated. Procedures to survey such places, and a data file software to help the sanitary inspection teams are presented

  6. Consumo de suplementos nutricionais por frequentadores de academias da cidade de Porto Alegre

    OpenAIRE

    Fayh, Ana Paula Trussardi; Silva, Cláudia Villela da; Jesus, Flávia Roanna Dotto de; Costa, Gabriela Kerpel

    2013-01-01

    O objetivo do estudo foi verificar a prevalência do uso de suplementos alimentares nas academias da cidade de Porto Alegre. Foram entrevistados 316 indivíduos com idade entre 18-59 anos. A abordagem foi por voluntariedade, em 22 academias da cidade. Observou-se um expressivo uso de suplementos nutricionais pelos participantes (28,8%), e os homens utilizam mais suplementos do que as mulheres (p

  7. Avaliação do conhecimento sobre criptosporidiose em uma amostra de médicos de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiebbelling Adilia M.P.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A criptosporidiose, parasitose intestinal causada pelo protozoário Cryptosporidium parvum, foi descrita pela primeira vez em 1976. Desde então já houve relatos em diversos países, inclusive no Brasil. Usualmente manifesta-se com episódio agudo de diarréia aquosa prolongada, dor abdominal, náuseas e vômitos, afetando imunocomprometidos, crianças em creches e aqueles que entram em contato com água contaminada. O diagnóstico pode ser realizado com um exame parasitológico de fezes através de coloração específica, desde que seja solicitada a pesquisa do protozoário. Objetivo: Testar o grau de conhecimento sobre a doença em uma amostra de médicos de Porto Alegre (RS. Material e métodos: Contataram-se 92 médicos de um total de 411 vinculados a dois hospitais universitários de Porto Alegre, 173 da Irmandade Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Porto Alegre (ISCMPA e 238 do Hospital São Lucas da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (HSLPUC/RS, no período de julho de 1999 a agosto de 2000. A amostra abrangeu 91 especialistas: 41 da medicina interna, 11 da gastroenterologia, seis das doenças infecto-parasitárias, 18 da pediatria, oito da medicina comunitária e sete da ginecologia e obstetrícia. Os médicos foram selecionados randomicamente, e a amostra, estratificada de acordo com a quantidade de médicos por especialidade, visto que este número era significativamente diferente. Como instrumento utilizou-se um questionário (Anexo com questões de escolha simples e múltipla, aplicado como entrevista por um dos autores (ESB, de acordo com normatizações estabelecidas. Os dados coletados foram analisados estatisticamente através do Microsoft Excel®97. Resultados: O grupo de risco mais lembrado foi o de imunocomprometidos (88/91. No entanto apenas 33/91 consideraram grupo de risco crianças em creches. O sintoma mais referido foi diarréia aquosa prolongada (70/91, seguida por dor abdominal (59/91, n

  8. Meio Ambiente e Desenvolvimento na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre: uma abordagem a partir do espaço rural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osmar Tomaz de Souza

    2013-06-01

    A gestão do meio ambiente em regiões metropolitanas representa um grande desafio à política ambiental, pois a elevada aglomeração de pessoas e atividades nas metrópoles cria um cenário propício ao aprofundamento dos problemas ambientais. Em especial, as áreas rurais das áreas metropolitanas que tem sido relegado ao plano secundário, embora representem a maior parte da área física dessas regiões e possuam grande diversidade de funções. O objetivo neste trabalho é refletir sobre estes temas com base na Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre, RS. Para tanto, são analisados: (a a dinâmica e as funções do seu rural; (b as principais políticas de desenvolvimento e ambientais que nele incidem; c os embates sobre as políticas de desenvolvimento regional neste contexto.

  9. Educação em saúde para prevenção do câncer de colo do útero em mulheres do município de Santo Ângelo/RS Education in health for prevention of uterine cervical cancer in women in Santo Ângelo, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Micheli Renata Casarin

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, o câncer cérvico-uterino constitui importante problema de saúde, pois apresenta alto índice de letalidade entre mulheres de varias idades. O exame citopatológico foi preconizado como medida de prevenção deste tipo de câncer, devendo ser realizado a partir do início da vida sexual. O estudo teve um caráter prático de promover educação em saúde sexual e conhecer o perfil da saúde sexual de mulheres de Santo Ângelo/RS. As palestras abordaram formas de prevenção e identificação de possíveis sintomas da doença. O levantamento do perfil de saúde sexual das participantes foi realizado através da aplicação de um questionário estruturado. Participaram das palestras 140 mulheres com idades entre 15 e 60 anos. Verificou-se que, mesmo enfrentando dificuldades e medo, a maioria delas realiza exame preventivo, motivada por aparecimento de sintomas e pelo hábito de cuidar da saúde. As participantes referiram a importância da integração entre profissionais e educadores em Saúde. O estudo foi direcionado no sentido de dar relevância à promoção da saúde e à prevenção do câncer, buscando evitar a doença e obter melhores condições de vida para as mulheres.In Brazil, cervical uterine cancer is a major public health problem as it has high mortality rate indices among women of different ages. A cytopathological examination is recommended for preventing this type of cancer from the early stages of a woman's reproductive life. The scope of this study was both to give talks on sexual health education and establish the sexual health profile of women from St. Angelo/RS. The lectures included measures for prevention as well as identification of possible symptoms of the disease. The research into the sexual health profile of the participants was conducted by a structured questionnaire applied to 140 women aged between 15 and 60. It was found that even experiencing difficulties and apprehension, the majority of the women

  10. Implantação do uso do Target Costing na elaboração de orçamentos de obras em empresa de construção civil de Porto Alegre/RS

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea dos Santos Formiga

    2006-01-01

    A indústria da construção civil tem evoluído tecnicamente ao longo dos anos, porém somente as evoluções tecnológicas não são suficientes para garantir a sobrevivência desta indústria, é necessário também que ela acompanhe as evoluções e exigências do mercado consumidor. O mercado atual exige que as empresas forneçam seus produtos com máxima qualidade, no menor prazo e custo possíveis. Além disso, hoje em dia é o mercado que determina o preço de venda de um produto devendo a empresa produzir n...

  11. Retrospective study of penetrating keratoplasty at the Santa Casa of Porto Alegre

    OpenAIRE

    Fabris, Caroline; Corrêa, Zélia Maria S.; Marcon, Alexandre S.; Castro, Terla Nunes de; Marcon, Ítalo Mundialino; Pawlowski, Cristiane

    2001-01-01

    Objetivos: Traçar o perfil clínico e social dos pacientes submetidos a transplante de córnea e avaliar as principais indicações desses transplantes, tempo de espera para doação e os índices de sucesso, rejeição e falência dos transplantes penetrantes de córnea. Métodos: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os prontuários de 87 pacientes submetidos a transplante penetrante de córnea no Serviço de Oftalmologia da Santa Casa de Porto Alegre entre janeiro de 1990 e dezembro de 1998, totalizando 91...

  12. Politics representation scenarios and elec toral behavior - study case: Porto Alegre's municipal elections in 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Barth

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to reflect about the influence of the political surveys in the definition of the electoral behavior analyzing the scenarios of political representation, the mechanism of public opinion formation and the specificities of the behavior of the gaucho electorate. We believe the publicity built upon the surveys had a great impact in the Porto Alegre mayor election results in 2004. The methodology we chose was the qualitative approach, that is, content analysis. In the end, we confirm the behavior of the gaucho electorate shows a receptive predisposing to the appeal to the useful vote.

  13. Prevalência de discromatopsia nos quilombolas de Monte Alegre de Goiás (Kalungas)

    OpenAIRE

    Couto, Daniela Alessandri Monteiro

    2008-01-01

    Os Kalungas são descendentes de quilombolas, remanescentes dos quilombos, redutos de ex-escravos de origem africana. Vivem em semi-isolamento, há quase 300 anos, nas regiões rurais das cidades de Cavalcante, Teresina de Goiás e Monte Alegre de Goiás, no nordeste do Estado de Goiás. Vivem da agricultura de subsistência, da criação de pequenos rebanhos e de outras fontes de renda, como aposentadorias e auxílios do governo. Trata-se de comunidade negra que vive em meio rural. É nesta população, ...

  14. Resultados eleitorais, evolução das bancadas e perfil político dos prefeitos eleitos (Canoas/RS: 1947–1968 = Election results, electoral bench evolution and political profile of elected mayors (Canoas/RS: 1947-1968

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angeli, Douglas Souza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O município de Canoas, na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre, foi emancipado em 1939, obtendo nas três décadas seguintes, um expressivo aumento populacional propiciado pela migração de trabalhadores para a região metropolitana de Porto Alegre e pela industrialização. Essa fase de abertura de loteamentos, em que a cidade ampliou sua zona suburbana – formada basicamente por operários –, ocorre concomitantemente ao processo de democratização na política brasileira, com a criação de partidos nacionais, eleições diretas e aumento do número de eleitores. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar os resultados das primeiras eleições municipais realizadas em Canoas/RS, entre 1947 e 1968, com foco na evolução das bancadas por partido na Câmara Municipal, e no perfil político dos cinco prefeitos eleitos nesse período. O recorte temporal tem como marcos a data da primeira eleição municipal, 1947 – quando foram eleitos os primeiros vereadores, e a última eleição para prefeito antes de Canoas/RS ser decretada Área de Segurança Nacional pelo regime civil-militar

  15. Prevalência e determinantes precoces dos transtornos mentais comuns na coorte de nascimentos de 1982, Pelotas, RS Prevalencia y determinantes precoces de los trastornos mentales comunes en la cohorte de nacimientos de 1982, Pelotas, Sur de Brasil Prevalence and early determinants of common mental disorders in the 1982 birth cohort, Pelotas, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Anselmi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns e sua associação com fatores de risco numa coorte de adultos jovens. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal aninhado à coorte de nascimentos de 1982 de Pelotas, RS. Em 2004-5, 4.297 indivíduos foram entrevistados em visita domiciliar. A probabilidade de transtornos mentais comuns foi estimada pelo Self-Report Questionnaire. Os fatores de risco incluíram variáveis socioeconômicas, demográficas, perinatais e ambientais. A análise foi estratificada por sexo e as razões de prevalência simples e ajustadas foram estimadas utilizando-se regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns na população geral foi 28,0%; 32,8% e 23,5%, respectivamente, entre mulheres e homens. Independentemente da pobreza em 1982, homens e mulheres pobres em 2004-5 apresentaram risco aproximado de 1,5 para esses transtornos (pOBJETIVO: Estimar la prevalencia de trastornos mentales comunes y su asociación con factores de riesgo en una cohorte de adultos jóvenes. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal anidado a la cohorte de nacimientos de 1982 de Pelotas (Sur de Brasil. En 2004-5, 4.297 individuos fueron entrevistados en visita domiciliar. La probabilidad de trastornos mentales comunes fue estimada por el Self-Report Questionnaire. Los factores de riesgo incluyeron variables socioeconómicas, demográficas, perinatales y ambientales. El análisis fue estratificado por sexo y las razones de prevalencia simples y ajustadas fueron estimadas utilizándose regresión de Poisson. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de trastornos mentales comunes en la población general fue de 28,0%; 32,8% y 23,5%, respectivamente, entre mujeres y hombres. Independientemente de la pobreza en 1982, hombres y mujeres pobres en 2004-5 presentaron riesgo aproximado de 1,5 para esos trastornos (pOBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of common mental disorders and assess its association with risk factors in a cohort of young

  16. Perfil de idosos admitidos em unidades de terapia intensiva gerais em Rio Grande, RS: resultados de um estudo de demanda Profile of the elderly admitted into general intensive care units in Rio Grande, Southern Brazil: results of a cross-sectional survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Eduardo C. Schein

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivo conhecer o perfil do paciente com 60 anos ou mais de idade internado nas duas unidades de terapia intensiva (UTI do município de Rio Grande, RS. Utilizando-se de delineamento transversal, entre abril/2007 e março/2008, entrevistadores previamente treinados aplicaram questionário padrão investigando sobre suas características demográficas, socioeconômicas e ambientais, utilização prévia de serviços de saúde e condições clínicas, que em 90% dos casos foram respondidos por familiares. Os 213 idosos hospitalizados neste período provinham, em sua maioria, do próprio município, eram casados, tinham mais de 70 anos, cinco anos de escolaridade, dois ou mais salários mínimos de renda familiar mensal, viviam em casa própria com outras duas pessoas e não possuíam plano de saúde; 88% foram à consulta médica nos últimos seis meses e 56% foram hospitalizados nos últimos 12 meses; metade deles chegaram à UTI inconscientes, por problemas clínicos oriundos da enfermaria do próprio hospital, onde 147 foram submetidos a ventilação mecânica, e 45% do grupo total evoluiu para óbito, em média, no oitavo dia. Estes dados mostram que é possível identificar idosos com maior potencial de internação em UTI também a partir de suas condições socioeconômicas e ambientais.This study aimed at assessing the profile of patients aged > 60 years admitted into intensive care units (ICU in the city of Rio Grande, Southern Brazil. A cross-sectional survey was carried out between April/2007 and March/2008 in two hospitals. Family members answered a standardized questionnaire that collected data on demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, household conditions, use of healthcare services and current clinical conditions. Among the 213 elderly people included in the study, about 90% came from Rio Grande, were married, aged 70 years or more, had at least five years of schooling, earned two or more minimum wages

  17. Tabagismo na coorte de nascimentos de 1982: da adolescência à vida adulta, Pelotas, RS Tabaquismo en la cohorte de nacimientos de 1982: de la adolescencia a la vida adulta, Pelotas, Sur de Brasil Smoking prevalence in the 1982 birth cohort: from adolescence to adult life, Pelotas, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M B Menezes

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de tabagismo em adolescentes e adultos jovens pertencentes a uma coorte de nascimentos de base populacional. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo de coorte dos nascidos em 1982 na cidade de Pelotas, RS, entrevistados em 1997, 2000-1 e 2005. O desfecho estudado foi o tabagismo, definido como consumo de pelo menos um cigarro na última semana nos acompanhamentos de 1997 e 2000-1. No acompanhamento de 2005, a variável dependente foi tabagismo atual. A análise ajustada foi realizada por meio de regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS: As prevalências de tabagismo entre homens foram de 5,9%, 20,2% e 27,6% nos acompanhamentos de 1997, 2000-1 e 2005, respectivamente. Os respectivos valores para as mulheres foram 9,3%, 27,5% e 23,6%. A idade média de início do fumo foi de 15,1 anos (dp=2,5. Na análise multivariável, menor escolaridade materna, baixa renda familiar em 1982, ter sido pobre durante todo o período acompanhado e fumo materno na gravidez estiveram significativamente associados com maiores prevalências de fumo em ambos os sexos. A cor da pele não branca associou-se com maior risco de fumo apenas entre as mulheres. A amamentação não mostrou associação com tabagismo. Nas mulheres, o fumo esteve inversamente associado com o peso ao nascer na análise bruta, mas perdeu a significância na ajustada. CONCLUSÕES: A maior concentração de tabagismo nos grupos mais pobres sugere que condutas como o combate ao fumo na gestação e o aumento do preço do cigarro poderiam ter importante impacto populacional.OBJETIVO: Evaluar la prevalencia de tabaquismo en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes pertenecientes a una cohorte de nacimientos de base poblacional. MÉTODOS: Estudio prospectivo de cohorte de los nacidos en 1982 en la ciudad de Pelotas, RS, entrevistados en 1997, 2000-1 y 2005. El desenlace estudiado fue el tabaquismo, definido como consumo de al menos un cigarro en la última semana en los acompañamientos de 1997 y

  18. (RS-Efonidipine acetone hemisolvate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Heng Liu

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C34H38N3O7P·0.5C3H6O {systematic name: (RS-2-[phenyl(phenylmethylamino]ethyl 5-(5,5-dimethyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxa-2λ5-phosphacyclohex-2-yl-2,6-dimethyl-4-(3-nitrophenyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3-carboxylate acetone hemisolvate}, contains one R-efonidipine molecule, one S-efonidipine molecule and half of a solvate acetone molecule. In both efonidipine molecules, the six-membered rings of the dioxaphosphinanyl moieties display a chair conformation and the dihydropyridine rings display a flattened boat conformation. In the crystal, N—H...O, C—H...O hydrogen bonds and weak C—H...π interactions link the molecules into a three-dimensional supramolecular structure. A solvent-accessible void of 199 Å3 is found in the structure; the contribution of the heavily disordered solvate molecule was suppressed by use of the SQUEEZE routine in PLATON [Spek (2015. Acta Cryst. C71, 9–18].

  19. Perfil do idoso dependente de cuidado domiciliar em comunidades de baixo nível socioeconômico de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul Profile of the elderly individual dependent on home care in low socioeconomic level communities in Porto Alegre in the state of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovâni Firpo Del Duca

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available O estudo estimou a prevalência de cuidado domiciliar e identificou o perfil demográfico, socioeconômico, comportamental e de saúde dos idosos dependentes. O delineamento transversal e representativo das comunidades Restinga e Extremo Sul, de Porto Alegre (RS, incluiu 638 idosos. O cuidado domiciliar foi definido pela resposta positiva à questão: "O(a Sr.(a tem alguém aqui na sua casa para cuidar do(a Sr(a?". A prevalência de cuidado domiciliar encontrada foi de 25,4% (IC95%: 22,0; 28,8. Filhos(as e esposos(as foram responsáveis pela maioria do cuidado domiciliar prestado a idosos (40,7% e 37,0%, respectivamente. Homens, indivíduos sem companheiro(a, fisicamente inativos, com idade avançada, menor escolaridade e maior nível econômico, incapacidade funcional e que foram hospitalizados no último ano caracterizaram o perfil do idoso dependente. A alta prevalência de cuidado domiciliar serve de subsídio para políticas públicas destinadas a idosos. Dentre todas as características avaliadas, a incapacidade funcional, esteve mais fortemente associada ao cuidado domiciliar.The scope of this study was to estimate the prevalence of home care and to identify the demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral and health profile of dependent elderly individuals. The cross-sectional and representative delineation of the communities of Restinga and Extremo Sul in Porto Alegre in the State of Rio Grande do Sul included 638 elderly individuals. Home care was defined as a positive answer to the following question: "Do you have someone here in your home to take care of you?" The prevalence of home care was 49.5% (95% CI: 44.5; 54.5. Children and spouses were responsible for the majority of home care (40.7% and 37%, respectively. Men, unaccompanied and physically inactive individuals, of advanced age, lower educational level, higher economic level, functionally disabled and who had been hospitalized in the last year characterized the profile of the

  20. Práticas em saúde mental no Brasil: reflexões a partir da experiência de Porto Alegre/RS-Brasil /

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dulce María Bedin

    2012-01-01

    campo- tema estuvo centrada en los diferentes espacios de inserción de planeamiento, gestión y evaluación de prácticas de salud mental. Los partícipes fueron personas de los citados espacios, incluyendo estudiantes, trabajadores, gestores, usuarios y sus familiares. Los datos han sido obtenidos por el instrumento de diario de campo, registros orales de sesiones de trabajo y documentos de dominio público del tema. Resultados. La investigación resultó en procesos de evaluación de prácticas sociales vinculadas al campo de la salud mental y en la elaboración de estrategias para contraponer los desafíos impuestos por la perspectiva de la integralidad en la salud. Conclusión. Integralidad y complejidad destacan como operadores estratégicos del abordaje de la materia en la búsqueda de la construcción permanente de prácticas de inclusión en la salud mental.

  1. Perfil do paciente idoso atendido por um Programa de Atenção Domiciliar do Sistema Único de Saúde em Porto Alegre, RS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alethéia Peters Bajotto

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar o perfil dos pacientes idosos que participaram do Programa de Atenção Domiciliar da equipe do Grupo Hospital Conceição, nos anos de 2009 e 2010. Métodos: O estudo caracteriza-se por ser descritivo, transversal e quantitativo com base em pesquisa em banco de dados do PAD (Programa de Atenção Domiciliar, no período de 2009 e 2010.  Resultados: maioria dos usuários do serviço é do sexo feminino, com idades variando de 60 a 98 anos, média de internação em torno de 25 a 30 dias. Áreas de maior complexidade utilizam mais o serviço de internação domiciliar (Medicina Interna, Emergência, Cardiologia e os pacientes estão vinculados principalmente às unidades básicas do IAPI, Sarandi e Passo das Pedras. Conclusões: houve um crescimento no número de internação de idosos pela equipe do PAD – o que demonstra o aumento na demanda associado ao reconhecimento do serviço. Porém, a média de dias de internação dos pacientes diminuiu, demonstrando provavelmente, maior eficiência do serviço.

  2. Materiais didáticos nas aulas de música : um survey com professores da Rede Municipal de Ensino de Porto Alegre - RS

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda de Assis Oliveira

    2005-01-01

    Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo investigar as concepções que fundamentam o uso de materiais didáticos pelos professores de música em suas práticas pedagógico-musicais. Mais especificamente buscou identificar o que os professores consideram materiais didáticos, mapear os tipos de materiais didáticos utilizados pelos professores de música, identificar os critérios que fundamentam a seleção dos materiais didáticos, mapear o acesso aos materiais didáticos, analisar a opinião dos professores sobr...

  3. RS CV sub n binary systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Linsky, J.L.

    1984-01-01

    An attempt is made to place in context the vast amount of data obtained as a result of X-ray, ultraviolet, optical, and microwave observations of RS CVn and similar spectroscopic binary systems. Emphasis is on the RS CVn systems and their long period analogs. The following questions are considered: (1) are the original defining characteristics still valid and still adequate; (2) what is the evidence for discrete active regions; (3) have any meaningful physical properties for the atmospheres of RS CVn systems been derived; (4) what do the flare observations tell about magnetic fields in RS CVn systems; (5) is there evidence for systematic trends in RS CVn systems with spectral type

  4. Duas leituras sobre as transformações da cultura urbana de Porto Alegre nos anos 1970: entre memória e ficção

    OpenAIRE

    Monteiro, Charles

    2004-01-01

    O artigo problematiza a memória e a percepção das transformações dos espaços, das formas de sociabilidade e da cultura urbana em Porto Alegre nos anos 1970 através das crônicas de Nilo Ruschel e Moacyr Scliar. Abstract The present article discusses memory, the perception of changes in urban spaces, forms of sociability and a new urban culture in Porto Alegre through the chronicles of Nilo Ruschel and Moacyr Scliar, written in the 1970th . Palavras-Chave: Porto Alegre. História urbana. Crôn...

  5. Association of ITPA polymorphisms rs6051702/rs1127354 instead of rs7270101/rs1127354 as predictor of ribavirin-associated anemia in chronic hepatitis C treated patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Avolio, Antonio; De Nicolò, Amedeo; Cusato, Jessica; Ciancio, Alessia; Boglione, Lucio; Strona, Silvia; Cariti, Giuseppe; Troshina, Giulia; Caviglia, Gian Paolo; Smedile, Antonina; Rizzetto, Mario; Di Perri, Giovanni

    2013-10-01

    Functional variants rs7270101 and rs1127354 of inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) were recently found to protect against ribavirin (RBV)-induced hemolytic anemia. However, no definitive data are yet available on the role of no functional rs6051702 polymorphism. Since a simultaneous evaluation of the three ITPA SNPs for hemolytic anemia has not yet been investigated, we aimed to understand the contribution of each SNPs and its potential clinical use to predict anemia in HCV treated patients. A retrospective analysis included 379 HCV treated patients. The ITPA variants rs6051702, rs7270101 and rs1127354 were genotyped and tested for association with achieving anemia at week 4. We also investigated, using multivariate logistic regression, the impact of each single and paired associated polymorphism on anemia onset. All SNPs were associated with Hb decrease. The carrier of at least one variant allele in the functional ITPA SNPs was associated with a lower decrement of Hb, as compared to patients without a variant allele. In multivariate logistic regression analyses the carrier of a variant allele in the rs6051702/rs1127354 association (OR=0.11, p=1.75×10(-5)) and Hb at baseline (OR=1.51, p=1.21×10(-4)) were independently associated with protection against clinically significant anemia at week 4. All ITPA polymorphisms considered were shown to be significantly associated with anemia onset. A multivariate regression model based on ITPA genetic polymorphisms was developed for predicting the risk of anemia. Considering the characterization of pre-therapy anemia predictors, rs6051702 SNP in association to rs1127354 is more informative in order to avoid this relevant adverse event. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Potencial e avaliação de uma aplicação PPSIG sobre a orla do Guaíba em Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geisa Tamara Bugs

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é testar, na realidade brasileira, o potencial da participação pública com sistemas de informação geográfica (PPSIG para identificar as percepções dos participantes quanto às preferências, aos usos futuros, à acessibilidade e às melhorias a serem realizadas, hipoteticamente, na Orla do Guaíba em Porto Alegre, RS. Adicionalmente, a PPSIG é avaliada por esses participantes. A PPSIG possibilita que o público produza dados espaciais que representam a sua percepção do ambiente em questão. A metodologia inclui a utilização do SoftGIS, desenvolvido na Finlândia e customizado para o presente experimento através de uma interface do tipo faça você mesmo. A amostra total foi de 156 participantes que utilizaram o mapa on-line interativo, marcando 3.366 lugares válidos. Destes, 109 avaliaram a PPSIG. A análise dos dados espaciais se baseou na agregação espacial para delinear áreas de concentração, através dos mapas de calor. Os dados do questionário de avaliação da PPSIG Orla do Guaíba foram analisados conforme as frequências das respostas com relação às categorias consideradas em cada variável. Os resultados evidenciam o potencial da PPSIG para identificar as percepções dos participantes, assim como a sua avaliação satisfatória, não tendo sido encontradas maiores dificuldades para sua utilização.

  7. Does company compliance with RS-17 influence the characterization of a casual nexus in expert testimony?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Ribeiro

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To examine whether company compliance with RS-17 influences the characterization of the casual nexus in physical therapists' expert reports of cumulative trauma disorders in the labor court of Pernambuco, Brazil. Method: The sample was composed of seven physical therapists who provided expert testimony regarding cumulative trauma disorder cases in the labor court of Pernambuco, Brazil. Data collection was performed across two stages. In the first stage, the experts answered a sociodemographic survey and requested the identification numbers of recent cases where expert testimony was provided to characterize the causal nexus. In the second stage, the researchers went to the labor court to collect expert testimony data. These experts indicated that of 75 total cases, 31% (N=23 of the companies fulfilled RS-17, whereas 69% (N=52 did not comply with the law. Results: Among the organizations that complied with legislation, 30% of the analyzed expert testimonies showed a positive causal nexus. However, of the companies that did not comply with RS-17, 71% of the expert testimonies revealed a causal nexus. These results indicate that the breach of the law increases the probability that a causal nexus will be determined by 54.8%. Conclusion: The results showed that failure to comply with RS-17 significantly increases the probability that a causal nexus will be determined in physical therapists' expert testimony of cumulative trauma disorders.

  8. Consumo de suplementos nutricionais por frequentadores de academias da cidade de Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Trussardi Fayh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi verificar a prevalência do uso de suplementos alimentares nas academias da cidade de Porto Alegre. Foram entrevistados 316 indivíduos com idade entre 18-59 anos. A abordagem foi por voluntariedade, em 22 academias da cidade. Observou-se um expressivo uso de suplementos nutricionais pelos participantes (28,8%, e os homens utilizam mais suplementos do que as mulheres (p<0,05. Os suplementos mais utilizados foram aqueles à base de proteínas, que são ingeridos principalmente por indicação de educadores físicos. O alto consumo de suplementos nutricionais aponta a necessidade de alertar à população quanto aos riscos relacionados ao uso indevido de suplementos nutricionais.

  9. Tectônica deformadora do Domo de Monte Alegre - Pará

    OpenAIRE

    Figueira, Isabella Françoso Rebutini

    2012-01-01

    Resumo: O Domo de Monte Alegre, que se destaca em meio ao relevo da planície do rio Amazonas, é uma elevação topográfica situada na margem esquerda do rio, aproximadamente a 10 km a noroeste da cidade homônima, no estado do Pará. Esta estrutura dômica é reconhecida em imagens orbitais e a partir de sua descoberta, muitas têm sido as hipóteses para a gênese do domo, entretanto somente em 1975 Montalvão & Oliveira atribuíram a origem dômica à intrusões toleíticas básicas, que moldaram a estrutu...

  10. Homicídio seguido de suicídio na cidade de Porto Alegre

    OpenAIRE

    Sá, Samantha Dubugras; Werlang, Blanca Susana Guevara

    2007-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar o perfil dos indivíduos que cometeram homicídio, seguido de suicídio em Porto Alegre num período de oito anos. As informações sobre esse evento foram localizadas em matérias jornalísticas, inquéritos policiais e entrevistas com informantes. Nos 14 casos localizados, o evento parece ser um fenômeno de gênero, já que os homens são os assassinos/suicidas, e mulheres e crianças, as vitimas. O método mais utilizado para o homicídio e o suicídio foi a arma...

  11. Paleoenvironmental and Paleoecological Reconstruction of the Ancient Maya Port Site of Vista Alegre, Quintana Roo, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rissolo, D.; Jaijel, R.; Glover, J. B.; Goodman, B.; Beddows, P. A.; Carter, A.; Smith, D.

    2013-12-01

    Ancient Maya ports along the largely unstudied northeast coast of the Yucatan Peninsula once supported a network of trade routes linking people, goods, and ideas from across Mesoamerica. The Costa Escondida Project has focused on the interrelationships between the ancient Maya and their dynamic coastal environment along the shores of the Laguna Holbox. Central to our interdisciplinary efforts is a paleoenvironmental and paleoecological reconstruction of the key port of Vista Alegre - a low-lying island surrounded by a complex mosaic of costal ecosystems, sedimentological facies, and hydrological conditions. Geoarchaeological field methods, such as sediment coring, have made possible multiproxy analyses that enable us to better understand sea level fluctuations and the morphology of the shoreline and harboring locations over time, as well as changes in ecosystem biodiversity, which would have presented the maritime Maya with unique challenges and opportunities.

  12. ¿De la alegría a la decepción?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantino Urcuyo Fournier

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available La administración Solís Rivera inició gestiones con un apoyo ciudadano sin precedentes. Sin embargo, la complejidad en la composición de la Asamblea Legislativa, luchas internas en su propio partido político, y errores de gestión han marcado una ruta difícil durante el primer año de gobierno. El desgaste político no sólo se ha medido desde la esfera política, en sus relaciones con otras fuerzas políticas y sociales, sino también con la ciudadanía. Encuestas recientes reflejan el deterioro en el apoyo de la ciudadanía a la administración que le dio la alegría de un camino hacia el cambio

  13. [Repercussions of Maria da Penha law on addressing domestic violence in Porto Alegre].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Elisângela da Silva; de Oliveira, Dora Lúcia Leidens Corrêa; Maffacciolli, Rosana

    2012-09-01

    The current paper sought to analyze the repercussions of Maria da Penha Law on addressing the issue of domestic violence against women in the city of Porto Alegre based on the view of professionals who constitute the care network for those women. Seven professionals, who work with the care for women who are victims of violence, were interviewed. Data suggests that the law has promoted changes in the field of violence prevention, assistance to women and punishment for the perpetrators, and it also increased the attention given to this phenomenon and enhanced female empowerment. It is concluded that the strengthening of the measures recommended by Maria da Penha Law still depends on investments in professional qualification, articulated actions between the places which provide assistance and the growing use of primary care services in order to improve the health of women and families exposed to violence.

  14. Environmental and morphological changes around the Maritime Maya site Vista Alegre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaijel, Roy; Goodman, Beverly; Glover, Jeffrey; Beddows, Patricia; Carter, Alice; Smith, Derek; Rissolo, Dominique; Ben Avraham, Zvi

    2016-04-01

    The untold story of the Maritime Maya from the ancient port site Vista Alegre, is being written for the first time using a multidisciplinary effort that aims to reconstruct the environmental and morphological history of the site. Vista Alegre is located on the north-eastern tip of the Yucatan peninsula, on the ancient Maritime Maya trade routes. This strategic point between the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, offers an ideal setting for this kind of research, which will add to the general Maritime Maya history. The multidisciplinary effort is part of a larger project called "Costa Escodida". The project's main goals are to learn how the ancient inhabitants adapted to the environment, and to understand how this coastal site was integrated into broader maritime trade routes. The portion of the research presented here concentrates on the sites geomorphology and climate during the past 2-3000 years through the multiproxy analysis of marine sediment core and surface samples combined with archaeological data. This study aids our understanding of the site's possible functions, the environmental challenges the local inhabits contended with, and the identification of ancient harboring locations. The site was inhabited from the 9th century B.C until the mid 16th century A.D., with an apparent two century abandonment phase from the mid 7th to 9th century A.D. According to the results, five depositional phases can be recognized, and the related shoreline reconstruction shows a general trend of a flooded terrestrial landscape. This 'flooding' relates well to relative sea-level curves published in the region. Continued analysis of results from the research, and future research activities, may make it possible to recognize hurricane proxies in the sediment, locate underwater manmade seafaring artifacts and facilities, determine the range of economic opportunities for past inhabitants and quantify the availability of potable water sources.

  15. Assessment of a pioneer metabolic information service in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brustolin, Silvia; Souza, Carolina; Puga, Ana Cristina; Refosco, Lilia; Pires, Ricardo; Peres, Rossana; Giugliani, Roberto

    2006-01-01

    The Information Service on Inborn Errors of Metabolism (SIEM), a pioneer toll-free service in both Brazil and South America, is based in Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil. SIEM has been operating since October 2001 providing support to health care professionals involved in the diagnosis and management of suspected metabolic diseases. We analyzed the demographic and clinical characteristics of the 376 consults received and followed in the first two and half years of SIEM. Our results show that the suspicion of a metabolic disease was most often associated with neurological symptoms. Among the consults, 24.4% were eventually confirmed as inborn errors of metabolism (IEM), with organic acidurias and amino acid disorders being the two most frequent diagnostic groups. Our conclusion shows this kind of service to provide helpful support to the diagnosis and acute management of IEM, especially to health professionals working in developing countries who are often far from reference centers.

  16. Noise in large cities in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerges, Samir N. Y.

    2004-05-01

    Large cities' noise is considered by the World Health Organization to be the third most hazardous pollution, preceded by air and water pollution. In urban centers, in general, and especially in developing countries such as Brazil, large populations are affected by excessive noise due mainly to traffic flow. The Brazilian Federal Government specifies noise limits, but each state can enforce its own set of noise limits, providing they are lower. The rapid economic growth, together with large migration of northern Brazilians to the developing southern urban areas in search of more lucrative jobs in construction and industrial sectors, resulted in a fast increase in activities such as vehicle and bus traffic, home construction, and development of all necessary infrastructures to support this growth. Urban noise in Brazil has been receiving the attention of national authorities only since 1990, when the Federal Government approved the first ``Program of Community Silence,'' based on ISO R 1996-1971. This paper highlights the noise situation in the five largest and most populated cities in Brazil: Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre and Curitiba [Zannin et al., Appl. Acoust. 63, 351-358 (2002)].

  17. Porta-enxertos para o cultivar Máximo IAC 138-22 de uvas de vinho em Monte Alegre do Sul, SP Rootstocks for wine grape cultivar IAC 138-22

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurilo Monteiro Terra

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Em Monte Alegre do Sul, SP, efetuou-se um experimento de longa duração para observar o comportamento do cultivar IAC 138-22 (Máximo de uvas para vinho, sobre cinco porta-enxertos: RR 101-14, 'Golia', "Ripária do Traviú', IAC 572 e IAC 313. Em oito colheitas sucessivas anuais, de 1974 a 1981, analisaram-se as produções médias de uvas por planta. Os resultados indicaram que o IAC 572' foi o melhor porta-enxerto para o IAC 138-22 'Máximo'. O IAC 313 superou o IAC 572 em um dos anos estudados. Todos os outros porta-enxertos apresentaram desempenho inferior.A long term experiment was conducted at Monte Alegre do Sul, State of São Paulo, Brazil, to study the behaviour of wine grape cultivar IAC 138-22 Máximo on five rootstocks: RR 101 14, 'Golia', "Ripária do Traviú', IAC 313 and IAC 572 The yields of eight consecutive annual harvests (from 1974 to 1981 were analysed. The results indicated that IAC 572 was the best rootstock. IAC 313 can also be used but with fair results. "Ripária do Traviú', RR 101-14 and 'Golia' are not recommended as rootstocks for IAC 138-22. Considering the row spacing (2 x 1m which allows 5,000 plants/ha, the difference between average yields of the best and the worst rootstock was 8,475kg/ha of grapes, a considerable figure for the grape grower.

  18. Role of redoximiRs in fibrogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fierro-Fernández, Marta; Miguel, Verónica; Lamas, Santiago

    2016-04-01

    Fibrosis can be defined as an excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) components, ultimately leading to stiffness, scarring and devitalized tissue. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, 19-25 nucleotides (nt), non-coding RNAs involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Recently, miRNAs have also emerged as powerful regulators of fibrotic processes and have been termed "fibromiRs". Oxidative stress represents a self-perpetuating mechanism in fibrogenesis. MiRNAs can also influence the expression of genes responsible for the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant defence and are termed "redoximiRs". Here, we review the current knowledge of mechanisms by which "redoximiRs" regulate fibrogenesis. This new set of miRNAs may be called "redoxifibromiRs". Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Comércio formal e perfil de consumidores de plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos no município de Itaqui - RS Formal trade and profile of consumers of medicinal plants and phytomedicine in Itaqui Municipality, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.Z Ethur

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho visou realizar um diagnóstico sobre os consumidores de plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos, abordando também alguns aspectos relacionados à comercialização, no município de Itaqui-RS. A coleta de dados foi efetuada em duas etapas complementares, centrada nos consumidores e estabelecimentos de comercialização, mais especificamente farmácias. Primeiramente diagnosticou-se o perfil dos usuários de plantas medicinais, através de questionário semi-estruturado que foi aplicado a 183 pessoas abordadas em áreas de circulação de moradores de todos os bairros do município; na segunda etapa, avaliou-se a comercialização e visão do comércio formal nas oito farmácias do município. De acordo com os resultados das entrevistas para a construção do perfil dos usuários de plantas medicinais observou-se que 71% dos entrevistados ficaram na faixa etária de 21 a 60 anos e que a grande maioria apresenta renda mensal de até três salários mínimos; quanto ao uso de plantas na medicina popular, cerca de 82% afirmaram terem obtido eficiência e que em caso de problemas de saúde 47% procuram pelas plantas; quanto ao cultivo, 55% dos entrevistados às cultivam em suas residências. Na segunda etapa realizada em farmácias, observou-se que a compra de fitoterápicos e plantas medicinais era realizada praticamente por mulheres, das quais 75% adultas e 25% idosas. Os chás mais vendidos foram principalmente os emagrecedores e digestivos e o valor gasto com esse tipo de produto ficou na faixa de R$ 1,00 a R$ 3,00. Conclui-se que existe mercado para plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos e necessidade de maiores informações referentes à forma de cultivo, correta identificação botânica, informações ao consumidor, qualidade e eficácia dos produtos e seu usoThis study aimed to make a diagnosis of consumers of medicinal plants and phytomedicine, also addressing some aspects related to trade in Itaqui Municipality, Rio Grande

  20. Prevalência de chiado no peito em adultos da coorte de nascimentos de 1982, Pelotas, RS Prevalencia del silbido en el pecho en adultos de la cohorte de nacimientos de 1982, Pelotas, Sur de Brasil Prevalence of wheezing in the chest among adults from the 1982 Pelotas birth cohort, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M B Menezes

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de chiado no peito em adultos jovens, explorando o efeito de algumas variáveis sobre a ocorrência desta morbidade. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo de coorte dos nascidos em 1982 na cidade de Pelotas (RS. Foram localizados 4.297 (77,4% dos membros da coorte em 2004-5, cujos dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista, utilizando o questionário ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Steering Committee. A associação entre o desfecho "ocorrência de chiado no peito nos 12 meses anteriores à entrevista" e variáveis socioeconômicas, demográficas e características ao nascimento foi calculada por análise multivariável utilizando regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de chiado no último ano foi de 24,9%. Entre aqueles que relataram chiado, 54,6% referiram dificuldade para dormir e 12,9% para falar devido ao chiado. A prevalência de chiado no peito foi significativamente maior entre as mulheres, mantendo associação na análise ajustada com cor de pele não branca, com história familiar de asma e nível socioeconômico baixo. Entre os homens, não houve associação significativa na análise ajustada para cor de pele e renda familiar ao nascimento; história familiar de asma e pobreza durante a vida mostraram associação significativa com chiado no peito. Para ambos os sexos, não houve associação com as variáveis peso ao nascer e duração da amamentação. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de chiado no peito foi alta e as pessoas com renda familiar baixa ao nascer tiveram maior risco de chiado no peito no último ano.OBJETIVO: Estimar la prevalencia del silbido en el pecho en adultos jóvenes, explorando el efecto de algunas variables sobre la ocurrencia de esta morbilidad. MÉTODOS: Estudio prospectivo de cohorte de los nacidos en 1982 en la ciudad de Pelotas (Sur de Brasil. Fueron localizados 4.297 (77,4% de los miembros de la cohorte en 2004-5, cuyos datos fueron

  1. Maternidade e paternidade na coorte de nascimentos de 1982 a 2004-5, Pelotas, RS Maternidad y paternidad en la cohorte de nacimientos de 1982 a 2004-5, Pelotas, Sur de Brasil Maternity and paternity in the Pelotas birth cohort from 1982 to 2004-5, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise P Gigante

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência de maternidade e paternidade em adultos jovens e sua associação com variáveis perinatais, socioeconômicas e demográficas. MÉTODOS: Os participantes foram jovens com idade média de 23 anos, acompanhados em estudo de coorte desde o seu nascimento, em 1982, em Pelotas (RS e entrevistados em 2004-5. Foram considerados elegíveis os jovens que referiram ter tido um ou mais filhos, nascidos vivos ou mortos. Dois questionários foram aplicados para coletar informações sobre saúde reprodutiva, dados socioeconômicos e demográficos. As variáveis independentes foram sexo e cor da pele, renda familiar em 1982 e 2004-5, mudança de renda, peso ao nascer do jovem e escolaridade aos 23 anos. Análises brutas e ajustadas foram realizadas por meio de regressão de Poisson para investigar os efeitos das variáveis independentes sobre a maternidade/paternidade na adolescência. RESULTADOS: De 4.297 jovens entrevistados, 1.373 (32% eram mães ou pais, dos quais 842 (19,6% haviam experimentado a maternidade/paternidade na adolescência. O planejamento da gravidez do primeiro filho mostrou relação direta com a idade do jovem. Relação inversa foi observada entre as variáveis socioeconômicas e a ocorrência de maternidade/paternidade na adolescência. A probabilidade de ser mãe na adolescência foi maior entre as mulheres pretas ou pardas, mas a cor da pele não esteve associada com a paternidade na adolescência. CONCLUSÕES: Houve forte relação entre a maternidade/paternidade na adolescência e condições socioeconômicas, a qual deve ser considerada no delineamento de ações preventivas no campo da saúde pública.OBJETIVO: Describir la prevalencia de maternidad y paternidad en adultos jóvenes y su asociación con variables perinatales, socioeconómicas y demográficas. MÉTODOS: Los participantes fueron jóvenes con edad promedio de 23 años, acompañados en estudio de cohorte desde su nacimiento, en 1982

  2. Educação e trabalho na coorte de nascimentos de 1982 a 2004-5, Pelotas, RS Educación y trabajo en la cohorte de nacimientos de 1982 a 2005, Pelotas, Sur de Brasil Education and work in the Pelotas birth cohort from 1982 to 2004-5, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando C Barros

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a influência de fatores socioeconômicos e biológicos precoces ao longo da vida sobre o ingresso na universidade e a inserção no mercado de trabalho dos jovens da coorte de nascimento de 1982. MÉTODOS: Estudo longitudinal de 5.914 nascimentos da cidade de Pelotas (RS, em 1982. Utilizando-se questionários aplicados ao jovem, foram coletadas informações sobre nível educacional e a inserção no mercado de trabalho durante acompanhamento da coorte realizado em 2004-5. Regressão de Poisson foi utilizada para estudar o efeito de variáveis demográficas, socioeconômicas, peso ao nascer e aleitamento materno sobre os desfechos. RESULTADOS: A escolaridade média foi de 9,4 anos (± 3,1 e 42% dos jovens estavam freqüentando a escola em 2004-5. Um de cada cinco jovens havia ingressado na universidade e cerca de dois terços estavam trabalhando no mês anterior à entrevista. O ingresso na universidade foi determinado pelas condições econômicas, e teve influência do peso ao nascer nas mulheres e da amamentação nos homens. A inserção no mercado de trabalho foi mais freqüente entre os homens mais pobres, mas não para as mulheres. CONCLUSÕES: A baixa inclusão universitária e a necessidade de inserção no mercado de trabalho dos jovens de famílias mais pobres mantêm um círculo vicioso que reproduz a hierarquia social dominante.OBJETIVO: Analizar la influencia de factores socioeconómicos y biológicos precoces a lo largo de la vida sobre el ingreso en la universidad y la inserción en el mercado de trabajo de los jóvenes de la cohorte de nacimiento de 1982. MÉTODOS: Estudio longitudinal de 5.914 nacimientos de la ciudad de Pelotas (Sur de Brasil, en 1982. Utilizándose cuestionarios aplicados al joven, fueron colectadas informaciones sobre el nivel educacional y la inserción en el mercado de trabajo durante acompañamiento de la cohorte realizado en 2004-5. Regresión de Poisson fue utilizada para estudiar el

  3. Fatores associados ao consumo regular de refrigerante não dietético em adultos de Pelotas, RS Factores asociados al consumo regular de gaseosa no dietética en adultos de Pelotas, Sur de Brasil Factors associated with regular non-diet soft drink intake among adults in Pelotas, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Airton José Rombaldi

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar fatores associados ao consumo regular de refrigerantes não dietéticos por adultos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de base populacional com 972 adultos (20 a 69 anos do município de Pelotas, RS, realizado em 2006. A freqüência de consumo nos 12 meses anteriores à pesquisa foi medida por meio da pergunta: "em geral desde o do ano passado, quantas vezes tu tomaste refrigerante não dietético?". As respostas categorizadas foram dicotomizadas para fins de análise. Foi considerado consumo regular de refrigerante não dietético a freqüência de cinco ou mais vezes por semana. A associação entre o desfecho e variáveis demográficas, socioeconômicas, comportamentais e nutricionais foi analisada pelo teste qui-quadrado para heterogeneidade e tendência linear e a análise multivariável foi realizada por meio de regressão de Poisson, com variância robusta. RESULTADOS: Cerca de um quinto da população adulta de Pelotas (20,4% ingeria regularmente refrigerante não dietético. Indivíduos do sexo masculino (RP 1,50; IC95%: 1,20;2,00, fumantes atuais (RP 1,60; IC95%: 1,20;2,10 e que consumiam semanalmente lanches (RP 2,10; IC95%: 1,60;2,70 apresentaram maior prevalência de consumo de refrigerantes não dietéticos na análise ajustada. A análise estratificada por sexo mostrou que o consumo regular de frutas, legumes e verduras foi fator protetor ao consumo de refrigerantes entre mulheres (RP 0,50; IC95%: 0,30;0,90. CONCLUSÕES: A freqüência do consumo regular de refrigerantes não dietéticos na população adulta foi elevada, particularmente entre homens, jovens e fumantes.OBJETIVO: Analizar factores asociados al consumo regular de gaseosas no dietéticas por adultos. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal de base poblacional con 972 adultos (20 a 69 años del municipio de Pelotas, Sur de Brasil, realizado en 2006. La frecuencia de consumo en los 12 meses anteriores a la investigación fue medida por medio de la pregunta: "en

  4. The Body Donation Program at the Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre: A Successful Experience in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, Andrea Oxley; Tormes, Diane Alícia; Lehmann, Natassia; Schwab, Rafael Santos; Canto, Raphael Teixeira

    2013-01-01

    The use of dissection to study human anatomy is the foundation for educational excellence among future health professionals, as it offers an ideal opportunity to learn the body's morphology in three dimensions while also providing students with a more humanistic education. The shortage of bodies for dissection, combined with the Brazilian…

  5. Intestinal parasitism and socio-environmental factors among Mbyá-Guarani Indians, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandelli, Clara Lia Costa; de Carli, Geraldo Attilio; Macedo, Alexandre José; Tasca, Tiana

    2012-01-01

    Disturbing data reveal the prevalence of intestinal parasites and their relationship with socio-environmental factors among Mbyá-Guarani Indians. The prevalence was determined by spontaneous sedimentation in water, centrifugation-floatation, and Kato-Katz. A socioeconomic questionnaire was submitted to each family. The overall prevalence of intestinal parasites was 88.7%, and 45.5% were polyparasitized. There was 90.5% prevalence of enteric parasites in children (1-12- year-old), and 85% among 13-65-year-old individuals, indicating that both age groups are extensively parasitized. The parasite load was low to moderate for geohelminths and 75% of the families did not have latrine, thus the practice of defecation occurred outdoors. These findings suggest that the multiple intestinal parasitism in the Mbyá-Guarani community is high to the point of being the rule, and that it relates essentially to the traditional lifestyle and health habits. It is urgently necessary to implement the association of anti-parasitic treatment with sanitation improvement. This should be done simultaneously with health education activities for this population.

  6. Intestinal parasitism and socio-environmental factors among Mbyá-Guarani indians, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Lia Costa Brandelli

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Disturbing data reveal the prevalence of intestinal parasites and their relationship with socio-environmental factors among Mbyá-Guarani Indians. The prevalence was determined by spontaneous sedimentation in water, centrifugation-floatation, and Kato-Katz. A socioeconomic questionnaire was submitted to each family. The overall prevalence of intestinal parasites was 88.7%, and 45.5% were polyparasitized. There was 90.5% prevalence of enteric parasites in children (1-12- year-old, and 85% among 13-65-year-old individuals, indicating that both age groups are extensively parasitized. The parasite load was low to moderate for geohelminths and 75% of the families did not have latrine, thus the practice of defecation occurred outdoors. These findings suggest that the multiple intestinal parasitism in the Mbyá-Guarani community is high to the point of being the rule, and that it relates essentially to the traditional lifestyle and health habits. It is urgently necessary to implement the association of anti-parasitic treatment with sanitation improvement. This should be done simultaneously with health education activities for this population.

  7. [Pilot-experience in home care: bedridden aged patients of a basic health unit, Porto Alegre, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Giselda Quintana; Freitas, Ivani Bueno de Almeida

    2009-12-01

    The objectives of this study were to describe the development of a pilot-project in home care to bedridden aged patients at a Basic Health Unit, and identify demographic, social and health aspects of these patients, as well as relevant aspects reported by the health team that implemented the home care. The study had descriptive and evaluative characteristics. The patients' enrollment forms and health records and the project's records were analyzed. The pilot-experience permitted to develop the team's skills, in addition to being enriching and of great responsibility for the professionals and caregivers involved. The results indicated the need for continuous home care and adjustments in its organization with the purpose of increasing the areas for health care and improving the population's quality of life.

  8. Incidência e resultados do tratamento da retinopatia da prematuridade no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Borges Fortes Filho

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Retinopathy of prematurity is a leading cause of blindness in children. This paper aims to evaluate the incidence, the rate of diode laser treatment and the six-month outcomes in all very low birth weight preterm infants from Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, between October 2002 and October 2006, screened for the disease according to the Brazilian recommendations. Methods: A prospective cohort was conducted on 322 premature children with birth weight ≤1.500 grams or a gestational age at birth ≤32 weeks. All patients were examined by indirect binocular ophthalmoscopy with pupil’s dilation after the 6th week of life. The examination were repeated depending on the disease classification. Results: Retinopathy of prematurity occurred in 82 infants in an incidence rate of 25.47%. Threshold disease occurred in 18 of the patients (5.59%. All of them had the disease affecting posterior Zone II needing laser treatment under general anesthesia or sedation in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unity. Three of the treated children needed a second laser session. One patient of the re-treated group needed scleral buckling surgery with an equatorial silicon band after progression for stage 4 of ROP. One patient missed the opportunity for laser and the disease progressed to stage 5 of ROP and blindness. Conclusions: The incidence of retinopathy at our institution was similar to international results and also the percentage of threshold disease needing treatment. Laser photocoagulation was effective to stabilize the disease among 17 treated patients. One non-treated patient had evolution for blindness.

  9. Evolution of the constructive adobe system in the Porcelain Industrial Unit of Vista Alegre (1937-1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Ruano

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The urban nucleus of the Porcelain Factory of Vista Alegre reveals a special interest in terms of the evolution of the traditional adobe construction in the town of Ílhavo, located in the district of Aveiro. Presenting a structured philosophy of intervention in the territory since its very beginning, it possesses a rich heritage in the field of construction and architecture. The measures planned and implemented in the second phase of Vista Alegre growth reporting its beginning to the ends of the 30's, and along the 40's, confirm it both in the rehabilitation, extension and new constructions in adobe masonry. Those measures were implemented during the structural changes of the Industrial Unit administration that only until this period belonged to the family of its founder. These changes creates one of the focus of innovation in the region, with new construction strategies and solutions in adobe buildings, which will prolonged the period of use of this construction system, noticeable in buildings dated of 1958 in the Vista Alegre and at least in 1970 in the town.

  10. Determinantes precoces da pressão arterial em adultos da coorte de nascimentos de 1982, Pelotas, RS Determinantes precoces de la presión arterial en adultos de la cohorte de nacimientos de 1982, Pelotas, Sur de Brasil Early determinants of blood pressure among adults of the 1982 birth cohort, Pelotas, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo L Horta

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos de exposições ocorridas na gestação ou nos primeiros anos de vida sobre a pressão arterial. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte com todas as crianças nascidas em 1982 nas maternidades da cidade de Pelotas, RS. As mães residentes em área urbana foram entrevistadas e as crianças, acompanhadas em diferentes ocasiões. Em 2004-5, buscou-se acompanhar todos os indivíduos da coorte. A pressão arterial foi medida duas vezes, no início e no final da entrevista, com esfigmomanômetro digital de pulso. Foi avaliada a associação entre pressão arterial e as seguintes variáveis: cor da pele; escolaridade materna; renda familiar ao nascer; mudança de renda entre o nascimento e os 23 anos de idade; peso ao nascer e duração da amamentação. A análise de variância foi utilizada para a comparação de médias e os modelos lineares generalizados na análise ajustada. RESULTADOS: Obteve-se a medida da pressão arterial para 4.291 indivíduos, 2.208 do sexo masculino e 2.083 do sexo feminino. A média das medidas da pressão arterial sistólica foi de 117,5±15,0 mmHg e da diastólica, de 73,6±11,5 mmHg. Entre os homens, a pressão arterial sistólica foi maior nos indivíduos de cor da pele preta ou parda e naqueles que nunca foram considerados pobres. A pressão diastólica esteve associada apenas com o peso ao nascer. Entre as mulheres, a pressão arterial sistólica foi maior nas de cor da pele preta ou parda, cuja escolaridade materna era maior ou igual a 12 anos ou com peso ao nascer menor do que 4.000 g. CONCLUSÕES:Para ambos os sexos apenas a cor da pele esteve associada com a pressão arterial. A amamentação não teve efeito em longo prazo sobre a pressão arterial, e para o peso ao nascer e o nível socioeconômico, as associações não foram consistentes.OBJETIVO: Evaluar los efectos de exposiciones ocurridas en la gestación o en los primeros años de vida sobre la presión arterial. MÉTODOS: Estudio de

  11. Uso de medicamentos do nascimento aos dois anos: Coorte de Nascimentos de Pelotas, RS, 2004 Uso de medicamentos desde el nacimiento hasta los dos años: Cohorte de Nacimientos de Pelotas, Sur de Brasil, 2004 Medicine use from birth to age two years: the 2004 Pelotas (Brazil Birth Cohort Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilson Almeida de Oliveira

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a utilização de medicamentos em crianças aos três, 12 e 24 meses de idade. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal utilizando dados da Coorte de Nascimentos de Pelotas, RS, de 2004. Foram incluídas 3.985 crianças aos três meses, 3.907 aos 12 meses e 3.868 aos 24 meses de idade. O desfecho considerado foi o uso de medicamentos pelas crianças nos 15 dias anteriores à entrevista. Informações sobre as variáveis independentes (medicamentos utilizados, fonte de indicação, forma de aquisição, regularidade do uso e grupos terapêuticos foram coletadas por meio de questionário padronizado, em entrevista aos pais nos domicílios. RESULTADOS: As prevalências de uso de medicamentos aos três, 12 e 24 meses foram de 65,0% (IC 95%: 63,5;66,5, 64,4% (IC 95%: 62,9;65,9 e 54,7% (IC 95%: 53,1;56,2, respectivamente. Com o avanço da idade observou-se diminuição no número total de medicamentos utilizados e aumento na automedicação, essa última chegando a 34% aos 24 meses. Também, a freqüência do uso de medicamentos em caráter eventual aumentou e diminuiu a de uso contínuo. Os medicamentos foram adquiridos principalmente com recursos próprios e cerca de 10% foi adquirido pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. Observou-se mudança no perfil dos grupos terapêuticos mais utilizados em função da idade. Aos três meses, o maior uso foi de medicamentos dermatológicos (36%; aos 12 meses, de medicamentos para o sistema respiratório (24%; e, aos 24 meses, de analgésicos (26%. Comparando-se o uso aos 24 meses com o dos três meses de idade observou-se diminuição na utilização de: medicamentos destinados ao trato alimentar e metabolismo, aos órgãos dos sentidos, sistema cardiovascular e produtos dermatológicos. Houve aumento na utilização de: medicamentos anti-infecciosos sistêmicos, destinados ao sistema musculoesquelético, ao sistema respiratório, analgésicos, antiparasitários, inseticidas e repelentes. CONCLUSÕES: A

  12. Intoxicações por agrotóxicos entre trabalhadores rurais de fruticultura, Bento Gonçalves, RS Intoxicaciones por agrotóxicos entre trabajadores rurales de fruticultura, Bento Gonçalves, Sur de Brasil Poisoning by pesticides among family fruit farmers, Bento Gonçalves, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neice Müller Xavier Faria

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a exposição ocupacional e a incidência de intoxicações agudas por agrotóxicos, especialmente os organofosforados. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo com 290 agricultores da fruticultura do município Bento Gonçalves, RS, conduzido em duas etapas, no ano 2006. Ambas etapas foram completadas por 241 trabalhadores: no período de baixo uso e de intenso uso dos agrotóxicos. Foram coletados dados sobre a propriedade, exposição ocupacional aos agrotóxicos, dados sociodemográficos e freqüência de problemas de saúde utilizando-se questionário padronizado. As intoxicações foram caracterizadas por relato de episódios, sintomas relacionados aos agrotóxicos e exames de colinesterase plasmática. Os casos foram classificados segundo a matriz proposta pela Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS. RESULTADOS: Em média foram usados 12 tipos de agrotóxicos em cada propriedade, principalmente glifosato e organofosforados. A maioria usava trator durante a aplicação de pesticidas (87%, entregava as embalagens para a coleta seletiva (86% e usava equipamentos de proteção durante as atividades com agrotóxicos (>94%. Dentre os trabalhadores, 4% relataram intoxicações por agrotóxicos nos 12 meses anteriores à pesquisa e 19% em algum momento da vida. Segundo o critério proposto pela OMS, 11% foram classificados como casos prováveis de intoxicação aguda. Entre os que tinham usado organofosforados nos dez dias anteriores ao exame, 2,9% apresentaram dois ou mais sintomas relacionados aos agrotóxicos, assim como redução de 20% da colinesterase. CONCLUSÕES: A ocorrência de intoxicações a partir da percepção dos trabalhadores esteve dentro do esperado, mas a estimativa com base na classificação da OMS captou uma proporção maior de casos. A quebra na safra reduziu o uso de inseticidas e pode explicar a baixa ocorrência de alterações laboratoriais. Os critérios para definição de intoxicação por agrotóxicos, bem

  13. Estudo retrospectivo dos transplantes penetrantes de córnea da Santa Casa de Porto Alegre Retrospective study of penetrating keratoplasty at the Santa Casa of Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Fabris

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Traçar o perfil clínico e social dos pacientes submetidos a transplante de córnea e avaliar as principais indicações desses transplantes, tempo de espera para doação e os índices de sucesso, rejeição e falência dos transplantes penetrantes de córnea. Métodos: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os prontuários de 87 pacientes submetidos a transplante penetrante de córnea no Serviço de Oftalmologia da Santa Casa de Porto Alegre entre janeiro de 1990 e dezembro de 1998, totalizando 91 olhos. Destes, 56 pacientes foram chamados para avaliação clínica do enxerto durante o levantamento de dados para este estudo. Resultados: Considerando-se os 91 transplantes (87 pacientes, 53 (60,9% foram realizados em pacientes do sexo masculino e 34 (39%, do sexo feminino. A idade variou de 3 a 89 anos, com média de 42,3 ± 19,8 anos. As principais indicações para transplante de córnea foram ceratocone em 32 (35% olhos, ceratopatia bolhosa (pós-facectomia, distrofia de Fuchs e outros em 24 (26,4%, trauma mecânico em 9 (9,9%, causas infecciosas em 9 (9,9%, queimadura química em 2 (2,2%, queimadura térmica em 1 (1,1% e outras causas em 14 (15,4% olhos. O tempo médio de espera por doação de córnea foi de 17,3 ± 9,9 meses. Do total de 91 olhos transplantados, 25 (27,5% apresentaram rejeição e 12 (13,2% olhos apresentaram falência do transplante. Conclusões: Este estudo mostrou a epidemiologia dos pacientes transplantados. A falta de dados seriados devido à alta precoce e perda de acompanhamento dos pacientes tornou impossível a análise e a comparação dos resultados pós-operatórios com outros estudos.Purpose: To describe the clinical and social profile of recipient patients of transplanted corneas, and to evaluate main indications for corneal transplants, waiting time for donor tissue, and percentages of success, rejection and failure of penetrating keratoplasty. Methods: Retrospective chart review of 87 patients

  14. The NC3Rs gateway: Accelerating scientific discoveries with new 3Rs models and technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Percie du Sert, Nathalie; Robinson, Vicky

    2018-01-01

    This editorial introduces the NC3Rs gateway, which publishes articles and reviews on new models and technologies emerging from NC3Rs-funded research. The aim is to raise awareness about these approaches, increase confidence in their capability, and provide sufficient information to facilitate their uptake by others.

  15. Mapas imaginários sobre Porto Alegre: a cidade midiática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilda Jacks

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre julho e agosto de 2007, os principais meios de comunicação de Porto Alegre foram observados por uma equipe de professores e alunos da Faculdade de Biblioteconomia e Comunicação da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS para identificar que cidade eles ajudam a construir no imaginário do cidadão. Esta pesquisa faz parte de uma mais ampla para conhecer os imaginários urbanos da América Latina, com extensão a algumas urbes européias. Seguindo a metodologia de Silva, a pesquisa foi divida em três eixos que se entrecruzam: dados oficiais e históricos sobre o município, enquete para verificar as percepções dos cidadãos sobre a cidade e análise das representações construídas pelos diferentes meios de comunicação, este último é foco deste texto.

  16. EVALUATION OF A POPULAR SHOPPING MALL BUILT TO ACCOMMODATE PREVIOUS STREET VENDORS IN DOWNTOWN PORTO ALEGRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naiana Maura John

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to evaluate a popular shopping mall, named the CPC, focusing on its location, use, aesthetics and security. The global and local integration values of streets surrounding the CPC and the former Square XV Camelódromo are compared in order to evidence their level of accessibility. Concerning use, the following specific objectives are investigated: retailers’ and CPC users’ preference for a popular shopping mall type and CPC users’ knowledge and shopping routines in the former Square XV Camelódromo; retailers’ and CPC users’ levels of satisfaction with the CPC, evaluations of the CPC building and shops location regarding sales, assessments of the existence of a food court and a bus terminal in the CPC building. In relation to aesthetics, retailers’ and CPC users’ evaluations of the internal appearance of the CPC, and retailers’, CPC users’ and architects’ assessments of the external appearance of the CPC are revealed. Moreover, retailers’ and CPC users’ evaluations of security in the bus terminal in the CPC building and in downtown Porto Alegre are identified. Data gathering methods included archival surveys, physical measurements, behavioral observations, and questionnaires. Data were analyzed through non-parametric statistical tests and space syntax methods. Results corroborate findings of other studies regarding the need for movement of people and visibility of shops at ground level, in order to achieve a satisfactory sales performance. Moreover, the CPC external appearance tends to be differently evaluated among retailers, CPC users and architects.

  17. Six sigma: program characteristics in eleven companies located in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaqueline Terezinha Martins Correa Rodrigues

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Six Sigma combines managerial factors with statistical tools and is deployed in many enterprises today. Rio Grande do Sul is a Brazilian state that has a great industrialization, especially in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre. Some of these industries have deployed the Six Sigma program. The aim of this paper is to present characteristics of the Six Sigma program in companies located in this region, through an exploratory study. A literature review subsidized the development of the questionnaire. Eleven companies participated of research in July and August 2008. It used statistical tools and qualitative analysis to analyze the results. Most of the companies that participated is classified as large and uses the DMAIC method to implement Six Sigma. The principal cause of program implementation was process improvement. In only one company the Six Sigma is implemented in all sectors, including administrative areas. Another result is the lack of clearly criteria for defining the career of Belts and the discrepancy of academic formation of these specialists.

  18. De las voces pasivas al sonido activo: actividades musicales en el circuito superior marginal e inferior en las ciudades brasileñas de San Pablo, Río de Janeiro, Puerto Alegre, Goiania y Recife

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villy Creuz

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir de 1990 algunas empresas de producción, distribución y consumo de música son reorganizadas. La disposición de nuevos sistemas técnicos transforma los factores de producción y la división del trabajo en las grandes ciudades. La banalización de equipamientos de trabajo ocurre concomitante a la informatización del país. Ese proceso amplió el espesor de la división de tareas entre actores sociales que trabajan con música en los dos circuitos de la economía: circuito inferior y superior. Por medio de algunas situaciones concretas en los trabajos de campo en San Pablo (SP, Río de Janeiro (RJ, Goiania (GO, Puerto Alegre (RS y Recife (PE, se buscará demostrar la coexistencia entre estudios de grabación y ensayo musical, micro y pequeñas grabadoras y comerciantes callejeros.

  19. Programa Saúde da Família e condições sensíveis à atenção primária, Bagé (RS Programa Salud de la Familia y condiciones sensibles a la atención primaria, Sur de Brasil Family Health Program and ambulatory care-sensitive conditions in Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fúlvio Borges Nedel

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Condições sensíveis à atenção primária (CSAP são problemas de saúde atendidos por ações do primeiro nível de atenção. A necessidade de hospitalização por essas causas deve ser evitada por uma atenção primária oportuna e efetiva. O objetivo do estudo foi estimar a probabilidade do diagnóstico de CSAP em pacientes hospitalizados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 1.200 pacientes internados entre setembro/2006 e janeiro/2007 em Bagé (RS. Os pacientes responderam a questionário aplicado por entrevistadoras, sendo classificados segundo o modelo de atenção utilizado previamente à hospitalização. As CSAP foram definidas em oficina promovida pelo Ministério da Saúde. Analisaram-se variáveis demográficas, socioeconômicas, de situação de saúde e relativas aos serviços de saúde utilizados. A análise multivariável foi realizada por modelo de Poisson, seguindo modelo teórico hierárquico de determinação da hospitalização segundo sexo e modelo de atenção. RESULTADOS: O total de 42,6% das internações foi por condições sensíveis à atenção primária. A probabilidade de que o diagnóstico principal de internação seja por uma dessas condições aumenta com as características: ser do sexo feminino, ter idade menor de cinco anos, ter escolaridade menor de cinco anos, ter sido hospitalizado no ano anterior à entrevista, ter consulta médica na emergência, estar internado no hospital universitário. Associaram-se à probabilidade de CSAP: (a mulheres: faixa etária, escolaridade, tempo de funcionamento da unidade de saúde, residir em área de saúde da família, ser usuária do Programa Saúde da Família, consulta médica na emergência no mês anterior à pesquisa e hospital de internação; (b homens: faixa etária, ter sofrido outra internação no ano anterior à entrevista e o hospital de internação. CONCLUSÕES: As condições sensíveis à atenção prim

  20. Soft-decision decoding of RS codes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Justesen, Jørn

    2005-01-01

    By introducing a few simplifying assumptions we derive a simple condition for successful decoding using the Koetter-Vardy algorithm for soft-decision decoding of RS codes. We show that the algorithm has a significant advantage over hard decision decoding when the code rate is low, when two or more...

  1. Association between ACE (rs4646994), FABP2 (rs1799883), MTHFR (rs1801133), FTO (rs9939609) Genes Polymorphism and Type 2 Diabetes with Dyslipidemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raza, Syed Tasleem; Abbas, Shania; Siddiqi, Zeba; Mahdi, Farzana

    2017-01-01

    Diabetic dyslipidemia is one of the leading causes of coronary artery disease (CAD) death. Genetic and environmental factors play an important role in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and dyslipidemia. The present study was aimed to investigate the association of ACE (rs4646994), FABP2 (rs1799883), MTHFR (rs1801133) and FTO (rs9939609) genes polymorphism in T2DM with dyslipidemia. Totally, 559 subjects including 221 T2DM cases with dyslipidemia, 158 T2DM without dyslipidemia and 180 controls were enrolled. ACE genes polymorphism was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), while MTHFR , FABP2 , FTO genes polymorphisms were evaluated by PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Significant association of ACE and MTHFR genes polymorphisms were found in both group of cases [T2DM with dyslipidemia (Pgenes polymorphisms were significantly associated with T2DM without dyslipidemia (P=0.038, and P= 0.019, respectively). This study concludes that ACE , FABP2 , FTO and MTHFR genes are associated with T2DM. Additionally, it also seems that ACE and MTHFR genes might be further associated with the development of dyslipidemia in T2DM cases.

  2. Quantitative evaluation of pairs and RS steganalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ker, Andrew D.

    2004-06-01

    We give initial results from a new project which performs statistically accurate evaluation of the reliability of image steganalysis algorithms. The focus here is on the Pairs and RS methods, for detection of simple LSB steganography in grayscale bitmaps, due to Fridrich et al. Using libraries totalling around 30,000 images we have measured the performance of these methods and suggest changes which lead to significant improvements. Particular results from the project presented here include notes on the distribution of the RS statistic, the relative merits of different "masks" used in the RS algorithm, the effect on reliability when previously compressed cover images are used, and the effect of repeating steganalysis on the transposed image. We also discuss improvements to the Pairs algorithm, restricting it to spatially close pairs of pixels, which leads to a substantial performance improvement, even to the extent of surpassing the RS statistic which was previously thought superior for grayscale images. We also describe some of the questions for a general methodology of evaluation of steganalysis, and potential pitfalls caused by the differences between uncompressed, compressed, and resampled cover images.

  3. The origin of the RS CVn binaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biermann, P.

    1976-01-01

    Six possible origins for the RS CVn binaries are considered based on the following possibilities. RS CVn binaries might now be either pre-main-sequence or post-main-sequence. A pre-main-sequence binary might not always have been a binary but might have resulted from fission of a rapidly rotating single pre-main-sequence star. The main-sequence counterparts might be either single stars or binaries. To decide which of the six origins is possible, the following observed data for the RS CVn binaries are considered: total mass, total angular momentum, lack of observed connection with regions of star formation, large space density, kinematical age, and the visual companion of WW Dra. In addition lifetimes and space densities of single stars and other types of binaries are considered. The only origin possible is that the RS CVn binaries are in a thermal phase following fission of a main-sequence single star. In this explanation the single star had a rapidly rotating core which became unstable due to the core contraction which made it begin to evolve off the main sequence. The present Be stars might be examples of such parent single stars. (Auth.)

  4. Young people's blood alcohol concentration and the alcohol consumption city law, Brazil Alcoholemia de jóvenes y la ley contra consumo de alcohol, Brasil Alcoolemia de jovens e lei contra o consumo de álcool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel De Boni

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper assesses blood alcohol concentration and risk behaviors for traffic accidents before and after the implementation of a law which prohibits the use of alcoholic beverages on city gas stations. In Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil, young people go out at night and drive to gas station convenience stores to buy alcoholic beverages which are consumed on the premises of parking lots in gas stations. Data were obtained from self-administered questionnaires and breath analyzers in two cross-sectional collections with purposive samples of youngsters in May and July 2006 (n=62, and n=50, respectively. There were no significant differences between the groups before and after the city law was passed. Blood alcohol concentration greater than 0.06% was found in 35.5% of pre-law group and 40% of post-law group (p=0.62. Results point out heavy alcohol use in both groups, which did not change after the law was passed.En el artículo se analizaron la alcoholemia y los comportamientos de riesgo de accidentes de transito en jóvenes antes y después de la implementación de la ley que prohíbe el consumo de bebidas alcohólicas en puestos de gasolina. En Puerto Alegre (Sur de Brasil, los jóvenes acostumbran salir de noche y conducir hasta las tiendas de conveniencia de puestos de gasolina para comprar y consumir bebidas alcohólicas en los estacionamientos dentro de los puestos. Los datos fueron obtenidos de encuestas auto-aplicables y alcoholímetro en dos colectas transversales realizadas con jóvenes, abordados en mayo y julio de 2006 con muestreo intencional (n=62 y n=50, respectivamente. No hubo diferencia significativa entre los grupos entrevistados. Alcoholemia > 0,06% fue encontrada en 35,5% y 40% de los individuos antes y después de la ley, respectivamente (p=0,62. Los resultados señalan el uso pesado de alcohol en ambos grupos, inalterado por la implementación de la ley.No artigo foram analisados a alcoolemia e comportamentos de risco para

  5. Headache research and medical practice in Brazil: an historical overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valença, Marcelo Moraes; da Silva, Amanda Araújo; Bordini, Carlos Alberto

    2015-02-01

    Since the creation of the Brazilian Headache Society in 1978, substantial developments have taken place in both research and clinical practice in the field of headache medicine in Brazil. The Society now has almost 300 members throughout the country, actively working to improve the health of the general population and, in particular, diagnose and treat headache disorders. In addition, in a few large cities, such as São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Recife, Ribeirão Preto, Curitiba, and Porto Alegre, headache specialists have come together to promote research projects and increase knowledge in the field through MSc, PhD, and postdoctoral programs. Furthermore, scientific journals have emerged and books have been published to record and disseminate Brazilian scientific production in headache medicine. In this narrative review, we will briefly describe some important aspects of headache medicine in Brazil from prehistoric times to the present day, discuss the origin of headache medicine as a specialty in Brazil, the principal publications dealing with headache disorders, the use of plants and other unconventional forms of treatment used by faith healers, the main training centers, and the research produced to date by Brazilians. In conclusion, in recent years enormous progress has been made in headache medicine in Brazil stimulating us to review and expand our role in an increasingly international scenario. © 2015 American Headache Society.

  6. [Identification of wild rodents as hosts of Angiostrongylus costaricencis in southern Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graeff-Teixeira, C; de Avila-Pires, F D; Machado, R de C; Camillo-Coura, L; Lenzi, H L

    1990-01-01

    Increasing number of human cases of abdominal angiostrongyliasis has been diagnosed in the south of Brazil. The main definitive host of Angiostrongylus costaricensis in Central America is the cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus) that does not occur in South America, except in the north of Colombia, Peru and Venezuela. Rodents were captured in the endemic area in Rio Grande do Sul (RS) and definitive hosts were identified for the first time in Brazil: Oryzomys nigripes and Oryzomys ratticeps. O. nigripes is a small wild rodent and it appears to be the main definitive host of A. costaricensis in the highlands of RS, Brazil's southernmost State.

  7. Petrochemical characteristics of Serra do Meio alkaline granite (Campo Alegre de Lourdes - Bahia State)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Matos Maia Leite, C. de; Froes, R.J.B.

    1989-01-01

    The Serra do Meio granite outcrops near the town of Campo Alegre de Lourdes, north-northeast of Bahia State. The granite is intrusive into micachists, which are correlatives of the Salgueiro-Cachoeirinha Group (Early Proterozoic), during early to the syn-tectonic shear phase. The geological setting also comprises a phosphatic rock-bearing carbonatitic complex and gabbroid complexes with one of the main world resources of Fe-Ti-V. The granite mineralogical composition grades from Aegerine-augite alkali-feldspar granite/syenites to Leuco alcali-feldspar granite. The geochemical analysis shows SiO 2 -enrichment (67 to 76%), in alkalis (Na 2 +K 2 O, 7,5 to 12,5%), Nb (up to 680ppm), Zr (up to 2,390ppm), Y (up to 250ppm) e REE (up to 796ppm). The geochemical behaviour is peculiar to alkaline series, denoting a silica-oversaturated, potassium-rich, magma. The chondrite-normalized REE patterns display a first group with smooth slopes from the La to Lu, and a second one with negative slopes. Negative Eu anomalies are displayed in all the patterns. The first group is HREE-enriched, with low fractionation ratios. Samples with milonytic fabrics and higher fractionation ratios are related to the second group, suggesting the interaction of metassomatic fluids and the alkaline magma. Discriminant diagrams for Nb, Y and Rb, coupled with geophysical data, point to an intrusive granite in an extensional within a plate tectonic setting of attenuated continental crust. (author) [pt

  8. The prevalence of elder abuse in the Porto Alegre metropolitan area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Mello dos Santos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abuse of the elderly is a form of violence to come to the public's attention. Dental professionals are in an ideal position to identify physical abuse. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of elderly abuse and analyze the database of injury reports that can be identified by dental teams. A documentary analysis study developed by the Elderly Protection Police Station of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, was carried out. The information used came from 2,304 complaints filed at the aforementioned institution between the years of 2004 and 2006. The records of abuse are categorized as injury, neglect, mistreatment, theft, financial abuse, threat, disturbing the peace, atypical fact, and others. The injuries that could be identified by the dental team were classified according to the injury's location in the area of the head, face, mouth and neck. Descriptive analysis was performed, and chi-square tests were used to evaluate the distributions of the types of elder abuse in relation to sex and age. The most frequent of the different types of abuse was theft, with a prevalence of 17.8%, followed by disturbing the peace at 11.8%. Disturbing the peace, threat, and bodily injury were significantly associated with women. Elder abuse among women and men declines with age. The prevalence of head injury was 25% of the total injuries, most often in females, and in those aged < 70 years. Based on these results, it is necessary that the dental team observe the elderly person's appearance for suspicious physical signs.

  9. Triagem neonatal para hemoglobinopatias: um estudo piloto em Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liane Esteves Daudt

    Full Text Available Este estudo, tem como o objetivo determinar a freqüência das hemoglobinopatias em neonatos, que realizaram a coleta para o Teste de Triagem Neonatal para Distúrbios Metabólicos no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. O método utilizado para a determinação das variantes da hemoglobina, foi eletroforese por focalização isoelétrica em amostra de sangue total, coletadas em papel filtro por punção do calcanhar. Para confirmação diagnóstica dos casos alterados, foram realizadas eletroforeses das hemoglobinas em acetato de celulose com pH 8,6 e em citrato de ágar com pH 6,2, em amostra de sangue total dos neonatos e dos seus progenitores. Foram analisados, 1.615 indivíduos, e identificada a presença da hemoglobina S em 20 amostras e da hemoglobina C em seis amostras. Esses valores, correspondem a uma freqüência de 1,2% para o gene da anemia falciforme e 0,4% para o gene da doença de hemoglobina C, independente da raça ou ascendência. Esses dados, sugerem que a inclusão da triagem neonatal universal para hemoglobinopatias nos projetos já implementados para fenilcetonúria e hipotireoidismo congênito, apresenta vantagens e deve ser considerada pelos programas de saúde.

  10. Triagem neonatal para hemoglobinopatias: um estudo piloto em Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daudt Liane Esteves

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo, tem como o objetivo determinar a freqüência das hemoglobinopatias em neonatos, que realizaram a coleta para o Teste de Triagem Neonatal para Distúrbios Metabólicos no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. O método utilizado para a determinação das variantes da hemoglobina, foi eletroforese por focalização isoelétrica em amostra de sangue total, coletadas em papel filtro por punção do calcanhar. Para confirmação diagnóstica dos casos alterados, foram realizadas eletroforeses das hemoglobinas em acetato de celulose com pH 8,6 e em citrato de ágar com pH 6,2, em amostra de sangue total dos neonatos e dos seus progenitores. Foram analisados, 1.615 indivíduos, e identificada a presença da hemoglobina S em 20 amostras e da hemoglobina C em seis amostras. Esses valores, correspondem a uma freqüência de 1,2% para o gene da anemia falciforme e 0,4% para o gene da doença de hemoglobina C, independente da raça ou ascendência. Esses dados, sugerem que a inclusão da triagem neonatal universal para hemoglobinopatias nos projetos já implementados para fenilcetonúria e hipotireoidismo congênito, apresenta vantagens e deve ser considerada pelos programas de saúde.

  11. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    chemsci

    João Pereira, 150, Araranguá, SC 88900-000, Brazil. Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS 91501-970, Brazil. E-mail: marcia.barbosa Gufrgs.br. MS received 2 February 2017; revised 17 April 2017; accepted 24 April 2017. Abstract. Starting from an anomalous monomeric system, ...

  12. Definition of risk-based screening levels to hydrocarbons in Porto Alegre municipality according to the RBCA methodology

    OpenAIRE

    Takeuchi, Eri; Roisenberg, Ari

    2009-01-01

    O presente estudo definiu valores de NABR (Níveis Aceitáveis Baseados no Risco) para hidrocarbonetos no Município de Porto Alegre, de acordo a metodologia RBCA, adotando-se dados hidrogeológicos dos compartimentos Embasamento Cristalino alterado e Depósitos Sedimentares Quaternários. Os parâmetros de exposição adequados à população do município, bem como dados de toxicidade dos compostos selecionados, foram definidos a partir de fontes bibliográficas e bancos toxicológicos disponíveis. As tab...

  13. Proyecto Costa Escondida: Interdisciplinary Research at the Ancient Maya Port Site of Vista Alegre, Quintana Roo, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glover, J.; Rissolo, D.; Beddows, P. A.; Goodman, B.; Smith, D.

    2013-05-01

    At the northeast tip of the Yucatan Peninsula - where the Caribbean meets the Gulf - lies the ancient Maya port site of Vista Alegre. The inhabitants of this site, much like the people living nearby today, were forced to contend with the challenging coastal environment of Laguna Holbox. The sediment-rich, low gradient of the north coast presents a contrasting landscape compared to the Caribbean coast, where water resources are of much larger magnitude and evident in the extensive systems of cenotes (sinkholes) and underground rivers that supported pre-Columbian sites along this eastern rocky sediment-poor coastline. For past inhabitants the north coast was a mosaic of low-lying, non-arable zones where access to potable water was a challenge for inhabitants well into the 20th century. By bringing together scholars from the fields of archaeology, coastal ecology, geoarchaeology, and hydrogeology, the Proyecto Costa Escondida is focusing on the dynamic relationship between the Maya and their coastal landscape over the past 3000 years. To date we have collected 12 manual push-cores from the shallow waters surrounding Vista Alegre, which have been analyzed at 1 cm resolution using standard methods for Loss on Ignition (LOI), δ18Ocarb and δ13Ccarb of bulk carbonate, granulometry, micropalentology, and AMS radiocarbon dating. In addition to have baseline comparative data, we have conducted near-shore and terrestrial coastal ecological surveys along with the mapping of coastal water salinity and temperatures in the dry and wet seasons. Overall, the chemical proxies, lithology, and paleosalinity model reconstructed to date reveal four onlapping parasequences representing an overall transgression of the coastline with strong seasonality of water chemistry that has been changing under the control of rising sea levels over the past 3000 years. The sedimentation rate and timing of the transition to marine is in reasonable agreement with local sea level curves meaning that the

  14. Diagnosis of the retail flower market of Santa Maria, RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janine Farias Menegaes

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to diagnose the flowers retail market and ornamental plants in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil, by means of a research in loco, from January to June of 2013, based on questionnaires and interviews applied to the managers of the establishment, as well as of an application of a visual and phytosanitary scale to other establishments that sell flowers and ornamental plants, such as agricultural shops, fairs of horticultural products, supermarkets and providers of funeral services - cemeteries and funeral homes. The diagnosis aims to know the steps of the dynamics observed from the market of flowers until the final consumer, and to segment the types of floricultures, distinguishing them according to the commercial focus — floricultures of arrangements and bouquets, and producing flowers and landscape floricultures. Based on the diagnosis it can be concluded that the Santa Maria retail flowers and ornamental plants follows the national trend of floral arrangements and bouquets shops, with the increase of the companies focused on landscaping and gardening. Among the most marketed plants are the rose as the best-selling cut flower, the begonia as potted flower, the fern for foliage arrangements, the cactus as potted plant, the raffia as garden plant and the pansy as the best-selling plant in boxes.

  15. Encontro de Haemagogus (Conopostegus leucocelaenus (Diptera: Culicidae, no Município de Porto Alegre, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul Finding of Haemagogus (Conopostegus leucocelaenus (Diptera: Culicidae, in the municipality of Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almério de Castro Gomes

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Em novembro de 2006, foi realizada uma investigação entomológica numa mata nativa do município de Porto Alegre, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. O resultado foi a captura de várias espécies Culicidae, incluindo o primeiro registro da presença de Haemagogus leucocelaenus na localidade. Esta espécie é considerada vetora do vírus da febre amarela em alguns municípios do Estado, motivando esta comunicação para alertar sobre o potencial da área para circulação do agente etiológico desta doença.In November 2006, an entomological investigation was carried out in a native forest in the municipality of Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul. The result was the capture of several Culicidae species, including the first recording of the presence of Haemagogus leucocelaenus in this locality. This species is considered to be a vector for the yellow fever virus in some municipalities of this State, and this was the motivation for the present communication, in order to warn regarding the potential of this area for circulation of the etiological agent for this disease.

  16. Infrared observations of RS CVn stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Berriman, G.; De Campli, W.M.; Werner, M.W.; Hatchett, S.P.

    1983-01-01

    Infrared photometry is presented of the RS CVn binary stars AR Lac (1.2-10 μm) and MM Her (1.2-3.5 μm) as they egressed from their primary and secondary eclipses; of the eclipsing systems RS CVn and Z Her at maximum light (1.2-10 μm) and of the non-eclipsing systems UX Ari and HR 1099 (1.2-10 μm). An analysis of these and published V data based on flux ratio diagrams (linear analogues of colour-colour diagrams) shows that G and K stars supply the infrared light of these systems. None of these systems shows infrared emission from circumstellar matter. (author)

  17. Prevalência de sintomas depressivos em uma amostra de prostitutas de Porto Alegre Prevalencia de síntomas depresivos en una muestra de prostitutas de Porto Alegre Prevalence of depressive symptoms in a sample of prostitutes in Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Schreiner

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: a prevalência de transtornos depressivos na população feminina de Porto Alegre é estimada em 14,5%. Não existem relatos sobre a prevalência de sintomas ou transtornos depressivos entre as prostitutas, população de risco para transtornos mentais. OBJETIVOS: quantificar a prevalência de sintomas depressivos em amostra de prostitutas de Porto Alegre e fatores associados. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: uma amostra consecutiva e não aleatória de 97 mulheres entre 18 e 60 anos, cadastradas na Organização Não Governamental Núcleo de Estudos da Prostituição (NEP, de Porto Alegre, foi estudada. Após consentimento informado, as entrevistadas foram investigadas através do Inventário para depressão de Beck (BDI. O ponto de corte igual ou maior que 13 foi utilizado para detecção de sintomas depressivos. RESULTADOS: na amostra estudada, a idade média foi de 29,6 anos (dp 8,5 anos; 67% apresentaram sintomas depressivos (ponto de corte³ 13 com escore médio no BDI de 19,1 (dp 10,9; 24,7% da amostra apresentava sintomas leves; 40,2% sintomas moderados e 7,2% sintomas graves. Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre a presença de sintomas depressivos e uso de álcool, história de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis e ausência de prática religiosa (pINTRODUCCIÓN: la prevalencia de trastornos depresivos en la población femenina de Porto Alegre es estimada en 14,5 %. No existen relatos sobre la prevalencia de síntomas o trastornos depresivos entre las prostitutas, población de riesgo para trastornos mentales. OBJETIVOS: cuantificar la prevalencia de síntomas depresivos en muestra de prostitutas de Porto Alegre y factores asociados. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: fue estudiada una muestra consecutiva y no aleatoria de 97 mujeres entre 18 y 60 años, cadastradas en la Organización No Governamental Nucleo de Estudios de la Prostitución (NEP, de Porto Alegre. Después de informado el consentimiento, las entrevistadas fueron

  18. Traditional botanical knowledge of artisanal fishers in southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baptista, Marcela Meneghetti; Ramos, Marcelo Alves; de Albuquerque, Ulysses Paulino; Coelho-de-Souza, Gabriela; Ritter, Mara Rejane

    2013-07-30

    This study characterized the botanical knowledge of artisanal fishers of the Lami community, Porto Alegre, southern Brazil based on answers to the following question: Is the local botanical knowledge of the artisanal fishers of the rural-urban district of Lami still active, even since the district's insertion into the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre? This region, which contains a mosaic of urban and rural areas, hosts the Lami Biological Reserve (LBR) and a community of 13 artisanal fisher families. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 fishers, complemented by participatory observation techniques and free-lists; in these interviews, the species of plants used by the community and their indicated uses were identified. A total of 111 species belonging to 50 families were identified. No significant differences between the diversities of native and exotic species were found. Seven use categories were reported: medicinal (49%), human food (23.2%), fishing (12.3%), condiments (8%), firewood (5%), mystical purposes (1.45%), and animal food (0.72%). The medicinal species with the highest level of agreement regarding their main uses (AMUs) were Aloe arborescens Mill., Plectranthus barbatus Andrews, Dodonaea viscosa Jacq., Plectranthus ornatus Codd, Eugenia uniflora L., and Foeniculum vulgare Mill. For illness and diseases, most plants were used for problems with the digestive system (20 species), followed by the respiratory system (16 species). This community possesses a wide botanical knowledge, especially of medicinal plants, comparable to observations made in other studies with fishing communities in coastal areas of the Atlantic Forest of Brazil. Ethnobotanical studies in rural-urban areas contribute to preserving local knowledge and provide information that aids in conserving the remaining ecosystems in the region.

  19. A cidade e a Copa do Mundo: projetos e transformações urbanas em Porto Alegre - Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Leal-Lahorgue

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A cidade de Porto Alegre será uma das sedes dos jogos da Copa do Mundo FIFA 2014 no Brasil. Por causa disso, estão previstas várias obras de adequação da infraestrutura urbana para que a cidade esteja preparada para o momento dos jogos. Este texto apresenta quais são as obras acordadas entre os órgãos públicos brasileiros e a FIFA, sua localização no território da cidade e quais os impactos previstos no espaço urbano. Também contextualiza brevemente a forma como se tem produzido o espaço na cidade nas últimas décadas, com o intuito de demonstrar que algumas formas que pareciam superadas reaparecem no momento atual. Por fim, discute as conseqüências destas transformações para a cidade como um todo e seus cidadãos, questionando o tipo de legado que Porto Alegre pode ter com a Copa do Mundo.

  20. Mapas imaginários sobre Porto Alegre: as representações da cidade no cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam de Souza Rossini

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os procedimentos de pesquisa e os resultados obtidos no subgrupo Cinema da pesquisa Porto Alegre imaginada: representações dos cidadãos sobre a cidade. Ao longo de 2007 e 2008, foram mapeados os filmes produzidos e exibidos em Porto Alegre, em diferentes formatos e suportes, e após foi feita a análise do corpus conforme as categorias propostas no projeto geral da pesquisa. O objetivo era compreender como a cidade era percebida e representada nas imagens audiovisuais cinematográficas. Na análise, observamos a estética visual e sonora, a estrutura narrativa e as principais temáticas. A cidade que surge nas telas de cinema com certeza é muito diferente do imaginário que existe sobre a cidade real. Ao invés de uma grande metrópole moderna, o que se percebe é uma cidade que mal consegue sair dos seus limites oitocentistas.

  1. Rotavirus gastroenteritis in children in 4 regions in Brazil: a hospital-based surveillance study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munford, Veridiana; Gilio, Alfredo Elias; de Souza, Eloisa Correa; Cardoso, Debora Morais; Cardoso, Divina das Dores de Paula; Borges, Ana Maria Tavares; Costa, Paulo Sergio Sucasas da; Melgaço, Irene Angela Melo; Rosa, Humberto; Carvalho, Paulo Roberto Antonacci; Goldani, Marcelo Zubaran; Moreira, Edson Duarte; Santana, Ciria; El Khoury, Antoine; Ikedo, Fabio; Rácz, Maria Lucia

    2009-11-01

    Rotavirus is a major cause of gastroenteritis in children. Knowledge of rotavirus genotypes is important for vaccination strategies. During 2005-2006, rotavirus surveillance studies were conducted in São Paulo, Salvador, Goiânia, and Porto Alegre, Brazil. Stool samples were collected from children <5 years of age who had diarrhea and were screened by the Rotaclone Enzyme Immunoassay for the presence of rotavirus. Confirmed rotavirus-positive samples were characterized for P and G genotypes by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. A total of 510 stool samples were collected. Of these, 221 (43.3%) were positive for rotavirus. Overall, G9 was the predominant G type, followed by G2, and G1; P[4] and P[8] were the predominant P types. The most frequent G/P genotype combination detected was G2P[4], followed by G9P[8], G9P[4], and G1P[8]. G2P[4] was the predominant type in Goiânia and Salvador; G9P[8] and G1P[8] were predominant in São Paulo and Porto Alegre, respectively. The prevalence, seasonality, and genotype distribution of rotavirus infection varied in different regions in Brazil. With immunization programs, continuous monitoring of rotavirus types is important to detect novel and emerging strains.

  2. [Microbial etiology and susceptibility of community urinary tract infections during pregnancy in the south of Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenkel, Daniela Fraguas; Dallé, Jessica; Antonello, Vicente Sperb

    2014-03-01

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common conditions during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of germs and the antimicrobial susceptibility profile in urine culture isolates from pregnant patients treated at a tertiary maternity hospital in Porto Alegre, Brazil. A cross-sectional, retrospective and descriptive study was carried out at Hospital Fêmina, a leading institution in prenatal, birth and postnatal healthcare in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. A total of 482 microbial community results were analyzed out of 1,558 positive urine cultures of pregnant women in all gestational ages treated at Fêmina Hospital between January 2007 and July 2013. The susceptibility pattern presented in this research shows that the choice for UTI treatment during pregnancy should be nitrofurantoin (for uncomplicated infections) or second-generation cephalosporins such as cefuroxime (for uncomplicated and complicated infections), over ampicillin, first-generation cephalosporins and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim. Empirical treatment for UTI in pregnancy should be started according to the susceptibility patterns described in the literature and re-analyzed after the results of the urine culture.

  3. Association between vitamin D concentration and levels of sex hormones in an elderly Polish population with different genotypes of VDR polymorphisms (rs10735810, rs1544410, rs7975232, rs731236).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laczmanski, Lukasz; Lwow, Felicja; Mossakowska, Malgorzata; Puzianowska-Kuznicka, Monika; Szwed, Małgorzata; Kolackov, Katarzyna; Krzyzanowska-Swiniarska, Barbara; Bar-Andziak, Ewa; Chudek, Jerzy; Sloka, Natalia; Milewicz, Andrzej

    2015-03-15

    Vitamin D co-regulates the synthesis of sex hormones in part by interaction with its nuclear receptor. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an association of vitamin D concentration vs the level of sex hormones in elderly Polish individuals with different genotypes of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene. Rs10735810, rs1544410, rs7975232, and rs731236 polymorphisms of VDR, the serum sex hormone level, free estrogen index (FEI) and free androgen index (FAI) as well as vitamin D, were evaluated in 766 persons (362 women and 404 men) selected from 5695 Polish population, aged 65-90years from the PolSenior survey. We observed that women with GG (rs731236), TT (rs7975232), BB (rs1544410) and FF (rs10735810) genotypes were characterized by a significant correlation between vitamin D vs testosterone concentration and FAI value. We found a significant correlation between testosterone level and FAI vs vitamin D concentration in men with heterozygote AG in the rs731236 polymorphism and in the GG (rs7975232), the BB (rs1544410), and the Ff (rs10735810) genotypes. In elderly selected Polish population with different genotypes of VDR polymorphisms, a statistically significant relationship between vitamin D concentration vs testosterone level was observed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Ocupações dos secundaristas do RS: tensões culturais e reconfigurações comunicativas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nísia Martins do Rosário

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo apresenta reflexões sobre o movimento das ocupações das escolas secundaristas do Rio Grande do Sul (RS, com o objetivo de caracterizá-lo enquanto objeto semiótico. Essa proposta vincula-se ao entendimento dessa mobilização como fenômeno cultural, e enquanto tal, será guiada à luz dos conceitos da Semiótica da Cultura. Para tanto, foi realizada a ida a campo, inspirada na observação etnográfica, e guiada por categorias em busca de traços culturais na ocupação da Escola Estadual Padre Réus, em Porto Alegre. Além disso, realizou-se o rastreio em meio ao campo da pesquisa documental em relatos dispersos nas redes sociais e fontes como imprensa e mídias ativistas fora dos espaços tradicionais. Nesta articulação, destacam-se as potencialidades das semioses das ocupações ao colocarem em prática novos processos e linguagens de resistência e invenção, operando nas fronteiras do conceito de horizontalidade e avançando de forma efetiva na reconfiguração de possibilidades de novas formações comunicacionais.

  5. 40 CFR 180.1114 - Pseudomonas fluorescens A506, Pseudomonas fluorescens 1629RS, and Pseudomonas syringae 742RS...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pseudomonas fluorescens A506, Pseudomonas fluorescens 1629RS, and Pseudomonas syringae 742RS; exemptions from the requirement of a tolerance... Tolerances § 180.1114 Pseudomonas fluorescens A506, Pseudomonas fluorescens 1629RS, and Pseudomonas syringae...

  6. COX-2 rs689466, rs5275, and rs20417 polymorphisms and risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: a meta-analysis of adjusted and unadjusted data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leng, Wei-Dong; Wen, Xiu-Jie; Kwong, Joey S. W.; Huang, Wei; Chen, Jian-Gang; Zeng, Xian-Tao

    2016-01-01

    Numerous case–control studies have been performed to investigate the association between three cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) polymorphisms (rs20417 (−765G > C), rs689466 (−1195G > A), and rs5275 (8473 T > C)) and the risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, the results were inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to investigate the association. We searched in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science up to January 20, 2015 (last updated on May 12, 2016). Two independent reviewers extracted the data. Odds ratios (ORs) with their 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the association. All statistical analyses were performed using the Review Manager (RevMan) 5.2 software. Finally 8 case–control studies were included in this meta-analysis. For unadjusted data, an association with increased risk was observed in three genetic models in COX-2 rs689466 polymorphism; however, COX-2 rs5275 and rs20417 polymorphisms were not related to HNSCC risk in this study. The pooled results from adjusted data all revealed non-significant association between these three polymorphisms and risk of HNSCC. We also found a similar result in the subgroup analyses, based on both unadjusted data and adjusted data. Current results suggest that COX-2 rs689466, rs5275, and rs20417 polymorphisms are not associated with HNSCC. Further large and well-designed studies are necessary to validate this association

  7. Mass and Reliability System (MaRS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    The Safety and Mission Assurance (S&MA) Directorate is responsible for mitigating risk, providing system safety, and lowering risk for space programs from ground to space. The S&MA is divided into 4 divisions: The Space Exploration Division (NC), the International Space Station Division (NE), the Safety & Test Operations Division (NS), and the Quality and Flight Equipment Division (NT). The interns, myself and Arun Aruljothi, will be working with the Risk & Reliability Analysis Branch under the NC Division's. The mission of this division is to identify, characterize, diminish, and communicate risk by implementing an efficient and effective assurance model. The team utilizes Reliability and Maintainability (R&M) and Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) to ensure decisions concerning risks are informed, vehicles are safe and reliable, and program/project requirements are realistic and realized. This project pertains to the Orion mission, so it is geared toward a long duration Human Space Flight Program(s). For space missions, payload is a critical concept; balancing what hardware can be replaced by components verse by Orbital Replacement Units (ORU) or subassemblies is key. For this effort a database was created that combines mass and reliability data, called Mass and Reliability System or MaRS. The U.S. International Space Station (ISS) components are used as reference parts in the MaRS database. Using ISS components as a platform is beneficial because of the historical context and the environment similarities to a space flight mission. MaRS uses a combination of systems: International Space Station PART for failure data, Vehicle Master Database (VMDB) for ORU & components, Maintenance & Analysis Data Set (MADS) for operation hours and other pertinent data, & Hardware History Retrieval System (HHRS) for unit weights. MaRS is populated using a Visual Basic Application. Once populated, the excel spreadsheet is comprised of information on ISS components including

  8. Data integration from gamma radiation decay from uranium: a case-study in the region of Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul-Brazil;Integracao de dados de decaimento radiometrico de uranio: estudo de caso na regiao de Santa Maria (RS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Joao Eduardo; Silva, Jose Luiz Silverio da; Pires, Carlos Alberto, E-mail: jesp61@gmail.co, E-mail: silverio@smail.ufsm.b, E-mail: calpires@base.ufsm.b [Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (CCNE/UFSM), RS (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias Naturais e Exatas. Dept. de Geociencias; Strieder, Adelir Jose, E-mail: adelir@ufrgs.b [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (DEM/UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia de Minas

    2008-09-15

    This work consists of data integration of uranium concentrations, parts per million (ppm), associated to the different rock formations belonging to Parana Basin in the region of Santa Maria, in the Rio Grande do Sul state southern Brazil. This study was developed from primary data generated by the Companhia de Pesquisas de Recursos Minerais as part of the AERO/Camaqua; Project, 1010 code series, digitalized in the 1997 Geosoft XYZ format. Through an irregular net of values of uranium concentration, with 25806 observations were spatially oriented by Universal Transverse Mercator/ UTM coordinates. Which were varied from west to east 206190 to 276813 E, and from north to south 6670888 to 6735665 N, totalizing an area of 4574.75 km{sup 2}. Using Statistica 7.1 software licensed to the Department of Statistics at the Federal University of Santa Maria, the mean values of and the confidence limits with alpha = 0.05, the standard deviations of uranium concentrations for each rock formation. The comparisons between the mean values were made through the Tuckey's Test and the spatial variation of the concentrations in relation to the geographical coordinates were adjusted to a polynomial model. The results obtained showed that the uranium concentrations occur in a distinct way in the different geological formations studied (aluvionar unconsolidated sediments, sandstones and igneous volcanic acid and basic rocks). The uranium variable, when spatialized in relation to the geographical coordinates UTM were adjusted to a second order polynomial model. (author)

  9. Association of HTRA1 rs11200638 with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in Brazilian patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lana, Tamires Prates; da Silva Costa, Sueli Matilde; Ananina, Galina; Hirata, Fábio Endo; Rim, Priscila Hae Hyun; Medina, Flávio MacCord; de Vasconcellos, José Paulo Cabral; de Melo, Mônica Barbosa

    2018-01-01

    Age-related macular degeneration is a multifactorial disease that can lead to vision impairment in older individuals. Although the etiology of age-related macular degeneration remains unknown, risk factors include age, ethnicity, smoking, hypertension, obesity, and genetic factors. Two main loci have been identified through genome-wide association studies, on chromosomes 1 and 10. Among the variants located at the 10q26 region, rs11200638, located at the HTRA1 gene promoter, has been associated with age-related macular degeneration in several populations and is considered the main polymorphism. We conducted a replication case-control study to analyze the frequency and participation of rs11200638 in the etiology of age-related macular degeneration in a sample of patients and controls from the State of São Paulo, Brazil, through polymerase chain reaction and enzymatic digestion. The frequency of the A allele was 57.60% in patients with age-related macular degeneration and 36.45% in controls (p value age-related macular degeneration group compared to the control group (p = 1.21 e-07 and 0.0357, respectively). No statistically significant results were observed after stratification in dry versus wet types or advanced versus non-advanced forms. To our knowledge, this is the first time the association between rs11200638 and overall age-related macular degeneration has been reported in South America.

  10. Lack of association between rheumatoid arthritis and genetic variants rs10889677, rs11209026 and rs2201841 of IL-23R gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paradowska-Gorycka, Agnieszka; Malinowski, Damian; Haladyj, Ewa; Olesinska, Marzena; Safranow, Krzysztof; Pawlik, Andrzej

    2018-01-19

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune diseases, where different genetic variants in cytokine genes may play a pathogenic role. A GWAS in autoimmune diseases highlighted the IL-23R gene as a one of the susceptibility factors. We examined three candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs10889677, rs11209026 and rs2201841 of the IL-23R gene, as well as determined their possible association with RA in a Polish population. The IL-23R gene polymorphisms were genotyped for 422 RA patients and 348 healthy individuals using TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. The genotypes frequency did not deviate from HWE in each examined group. A comparison of the allele as well as genotype frequencies of the IL-23R polymorphisms under codominant, dominant and recessive genetic model revealed no significant differences between RA patients and healthy subjects. We also demonstrated that IL-23R rs2201841 and rs11209026 as well as rs11209026 and rs10889677 were in complete linkage disequilibrium (D'=1.0). Our genotype-phenotype analysis demonstrated that in carriers of rs10889677C and/or rs2201841A allele the RF, extra-articular manifestations and erosion were more frequent present than in patients with rs10889677A and/or rs2201841A allele, although this association was not significant. Present findings indicated that the autoimmune disease-associated genetic variants in IL-23R gene are not associated with RA in the Polish population. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  11. Infrared observations of RS CVn stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berriman, G.; De Campli, W. M.; Werner, M. W.; Hatchett, S. P.

    1983-01-01

    The paper presents infrared photometry of the RS CVn binary stars AR Lac (1.2-10 microns) and MM Her (1.2-3.5 microns) as they egressed from their primary and secondary eclipses; of the eclipsing systems RS CVn and Z Her at maximum light (1.2-10 microns) and of the non-eclipsing systems UX Ari and HR 1099 (1.2-10 microns). An analysis of these and published V data based on flux ratio diagrams (linear analogues of color-color diagrams) shows that G and K stars supply the infrared light of these systems. In AR Lac, the combined light of a G5-K0 subgiant and either a late F dwarf or an early F subgiant can account for the observed visual and infrared light curves. None of these systems shows infrared emission from circumstellar matter. This result is simply understood: dust grains would not be expected to form in the physical conditions surrounding the subgiant, and the corona and chromosphere (whose properties have been deduced from spectroscopic X-ray observations) should not produce appreciable infrared emission.

  12. High-Speed RaPToRS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henchen, Robert; Esham, Benjamin; Becker, William; Pogozelski, Edward; Padalino, Stephen; Sangster, Thomas; Glebov, Vladimir

    2008-11-01

    The High-Speed Rapid Pneumatic Transport of Radioactive Samples (HS-RaPToRS) system, designed to quickly and safely move radioactive materials, was assembled and tested at the Mercury facility of the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) in Washington D.C. A sample, which is placed inside a four-inch-diameter carrier, is activated before being transported through a PVC tube via airflow. The carrier travels from the reaction chamber to the end station where it pneumatically brakes prior to the gate. A magnetic latch releases the gate when the carrier arrives and comes to rest. The airflow, optical carrier-monitoring devices, and end gate are controlled manually or automatically with LabView software. The installation and testing of the RaPToRS system at NRL was successfully completed with transport times of less than 3 seconds. The speed of the carrier averaged 16 m/s. Prospective facilities for similar systems include the Laboratory for Laser Energetics and the National Ignition Facility.

  13. Instrumento de avaliação para melhorias em processos organizacionais: caso do transporte coletivo rodoviário urbano de Porto Alegre Assessment instrument for organizational process improvement: the case of urban passengers transportation in Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Borchardt

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os dados obtidos a partir de estudos de casos em três empresas de transporte coletivo rodoviário urbano de Porto Alegre, estudos estes realizados no segundo semestre de 2004. O objetivo da pesquisa foi desenvolver um instrumento gerencial para a avaliação do potencial de melhoria dos processos destas organizações. Para desenvolver o instrumento de diagnóstico foi considerada a realidade do setor de transporte por ônibus nesta capital e a base teórica referente aos sistemas de gestão baseados na melhoria dos processos, tais como os critérios de excelência do prêmio ANTP de Qualidade, os princípios da Mentalidade Enxuta e do Lean Management. A definição do valor a ser oferecido pelo serviço de transporte, com base na percepção dos usuários, é um ponto que aparece como de grande potencial de melhoria, bem como o equilíbrio entre demanda e capacidade instalada.This paper presents data and information collected in the second semester of 2004, in a multiple case study developed in three city public bus transportation companies, operating in Porto Alegre. The goal of the research was to develop an instrument for assessing the potential for streamlining processes in companies. To do so, it was considered the business scenario of companies and industry, and the theoretical framework presented in Lean Thinking, ean Management, Award Excellence Criteria of industry. Issues related to perceived value present the major gaps between the degree of importance and degree of application attributed by these companies. Secondary gaps refer to balancing service capacity and demand.

  14. Os intelectuais e a defesa da preservação do patrimônio em Porto Alegre (1970)

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Angélica Zubaran

    2017-01-01

    Este estudo analisa as narrativas em defesa da preservação e salvaguarda do patrimônio histórico da cidade de Porto Alegre na imprensa local, na década de 1970. Investiga-se o discurso dos "intelectuais do patrimônio" e os novos valores, significados e usos que atribuíram ao patrimônio histórico da cidade, na luta pela sua preservação e salvaguarda. O foco deste artigo é as narrativas do jornalista Alberto André e do historiador Sérgio da Costa Franco e suas múltiplas representações de memóri...

  15. Sentido das mudanças: economia criativa e implicações sociais em Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Ruduit Garcia

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Creative economy has been the subject of a recent and successful academic production of different specialties in different countries, recording social, political and cultural changes involved in it. This article addresses the sense of the changes, recognized in international experience, in our context, centrally inquiring about: what kind of social implications takes place due to the growth of activities in companies in the sectors of creative economy? It starts from the recognition that economic action finds itself immersed in a set of mechanisms of social mediation. Data were obtained on a purposeful sample of fourteen small enterprises belonging to this economy in the city of Porto Alegre, complementing with documentary sources. The study suggests that this type of business tends to be guided by the pursuit of novelty, complementarity of knowledge, professional autonomy and responsibility with the environment, within the limits of the social and institutional conditions in which they take part.

  16. Francisco Javier Alegre (1729-1788: una aproximación a su obra teológica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alva Rodríguez, Inmaculada

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Little is known about Institutionum theologicarum libri XVIII by Francis Xavier Alegre. This work represents an attempt to renew decadent scholasticism, with the new methods of positive and historical theology. What makes this text original and interesting is its dialogue with the Enlightenment philosophers. The description of the content and, above all, the study of the sources he relied on, shows a man of wide reading and points to an ambience of cultural renewal that permeated the cultural life of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. It also reflects the intellectual environment of the Jesuits who settled in Italy after the expulsion and suppression of the Society of Jesus.

    Los Institutionum theologicarum libri XVIII de Francisco Javier Alegre son poco conocidos. Esta obra supone un intento de renovar la decadente escolástica, con los nuevos métodos de la teología positiva e histórica. Su originalidad e interés radica en el diálogo que mantiene con los filósofos ilustrados. La descripción de su contenido y, sobre todo, el estudio de las fuentes que utiliza, muestran un hombre de amplias y variadas lecturas y remiten al ambiente de renovación cultural que impregnó la vida cultural del Virreinato de Nueva España. Refleja también el entorno intelectual de los jesuitas asentados en Italia tras la expulsión y extinción de la Compañía de Jesús.

  17. A metamorfose do orçamento participativo: mudança de governo e seus efeitos em Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lúcio Rennó

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available As diferentes experiências participativas surgidas no Brasil na década de 1990 colaboraram para que o país tornasse-se, como diz Tatagiba, em "um celeiro de experiências inovadoras de gestão". Um dos destaques dentre as várias experiências de governança é o Orçamento Participativo (OP: programa que ao longo dos anos tem sido palco de intensos debates e estudos e colecionado admiradores e críticos. Entretanto, apesar de sua fama e dos diversos estudos, poucos buscaram avaliar o desempenho e a sensibilidade do programa ao governo eleito no município. Este artigo investiga o programa de orçamento participativo do município de Porto Alegre entre 1989 e 2008, analisando especificamente a sensibilidade do programa às mudanças de governo entre as gestões do Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT de 2001-2004 e do Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro (PMDB de 2005-2008. Ou seja, investigamos se a mudança de partido no controle da prefeitura, mantendo o OP em funcionamento, afetou, no entanto, seu desempenho. Nossa análise indica que o funcionamento do programa é bastante afetado pelo partido político que o implementa e que, portanto, o programa peca por baixa institucionalização, mesmo em seu caso de maior sucesso: o município de Porto Alegre.

  18. Presença dos princípios da mentalidade enxuta e como introduzi-los nas práticas de gestão das empresas de transporte coletivo de Porto Alegre Presence of Lean Thinking principles and how to introduce them in the management of urban transport firms in Porto Alegre

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Afonso Sellitto; Miriam Borchardt; Giancarlo Medeiros Pereira

    2010-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta uma pesquisa que investigou a presença dos princípios da mentalidade enxuta na indústria do transporte coletivo de Porto Alegre. Os procedimentos foram: mensuração do grau de presença dos princípios da mentalidade enxuta na gestão das quinze empresas de transporte coletivo por ônibus de Porto Alegre; teste da confiabilidade das respostas e separação das empresas em aglomerados, segundo a intensidade da presença; e estudos de caso com os aglomerados extremos, a associação...

  19. Prevalência de transtornos oculares na população de idosos residentes na cidade de Veranópolis, RS, Brasil Prevalence of ocular diseases in a population of elderly residents of the city of Veranópolis, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Antônio Romani

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os transtornos oculares e a sua prevalência em pessoas com 80 anos de idade, ou mais, na cidade de Veranópolis, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. MÉTODOS: 187 idosos foram submetidos a exame oftalmológico por meio de inspeção externa, motilidade extrínseca, medidas de acuidade visual para longe e perto, tonometria de aplanação, biomicroscopia, cicloplegia, fundoscopia direta e esquiascopia estática. RESULTADOS: As doenças mais prevalentes foram: presbiopia em 173 (92,5% pacientes, catarata em 160 (85,6%, ectrópio senil em 130 (69,5%, hipermetropia em 130 (69,5% e a degeneração macular relacionada à idade (DMRI em 59 (31,5%. Na população estudada, 85 (45,4% pacientes apresentaram baixa visual acentuada cujas causas principais eram a catarata em 46 (54,1% e erros de refração em 16 (18,9% dos idosos. A principal causa de queixas dos idosos foi relacionada com a presença de ectrópio senil. CONCLUSÃO: Doenças comuns como a catarata e os erros de refração continuam a ser um desafio para os oftalmologistas, pois são importantes causas de dificuldade visual nos idosos, com conseqüente perda de qualidade em suas vidas.ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of diseases of the eye in a population aged 80 years and above in the city of Veranopolis, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHODS: 187 elderly people were submitted to ophthalmologic tests including external inspection, ocular motility examination, visual acuity determination for near and far distance, applanation tonometry, biomicroscopy, cyclopegia, direct fundus examination and static skiascopy. RESULTS: The most prevalent disease was presbyopia in 173 (92,5% patients, cataract in 160 (85,6%, age-related ectropion in 130 (69,5%, hypermetropia in 130 (69,5% and age-related macular degeneration (ARMD in 59 (31,5% patients. 85 (45,4% patients presented marked low vision whose main causes were cataract in 46 (54,1% and refractive error in 16 (18,9% of the studied

  20. RaPToRS Sample Delivery System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henchen, Robert; Shibata, Kye; Krieger, Michael; Pogozelski, Edward; Padalino, Stephen; Glebov, Vladimir; Sangster, Craig

    2010-11-01

    At various labs (NIF, LLE, NRL), activated material samples are used to measure reaction properties. The Rapid Pneumatic Transport of Radioactive Samples (RaPToRS) system quickly and safely moves these radioactive samples through a closed PVC tube via airflow. The carrier travels from the reaction chamber to the control and analysis station, pneumatically braking at the outlet. A reversible multiplexer routes samples from various locations near the shot chamber to the analysis station. Also, the multiplexer allows users to remotely load unactivated samples without manually approaching the reaction chamber. All elements of the system (pneumatic drivers, flow control valves, optical position sensors, multiplexers, Geiger counters, and release gates at the analysis station) can be controlled manually or automatically using a custom LabVIEW interface. A prototype is currently operating at NRL in Washington DC. Prospective facilities for Raptors systems include LLE and NIF.

  1. Synopsis of Dorstenia (Moraceae in Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna De Oliveira Boeni

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A taxonomic synopsis of Dorstenia (Moraceae in Rio Grande do Sul (RS, Southern Brazil, is presented. Three species were recorded: D. brasiliensis, D. carautae, a new record for the state of RS, and D. tenuis. All species are described and illustrated through detailed photos of living specimens. A taxonomic key to separate the species, as well as details on distribution, overall phenology, habitat, conservation status and ecology are presented.

  2. ARIES-RS safety design and analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Steiner, D.; El-Guebaly, L.; Herring, S.; Khater, H.; Mogahed, E.; Thayer, R.; Tillack, M.S.

    1997-01-01

    The ARIES-RS safety design and analysis focused on achieving two objectives: (1) The avoidance of sheltering or evacuation in the event of an accident; and (2) the generation of only low-level waste, no greater than Class C. The ARIES-RS baseline design employs V-4Cr-4Ti as the blanket structural material and a low activation ferritic steel in the reflector and shield. In the event of a LOCA, the baseline design first wall maximum temperature falls in the range of 1100-1200 C. For this temperature range, the hazard assessment indicates that the dose at the site boundary will be less than 1 rem per year. Thus, no sheltering or evacuation would be required in the event of a LOCA. Although the baseline design satisfies the first safety objective noted above, a first wall maximum temperature of ∝1100-1200 C would likely compromise the integrity of the vanadium blanket structure and would require blanket replacement following such a temperature excursion. To avoid this situation, a modified blanket design incorporating supplemental heat removal is also proposed. Preliminary analysis of this modified design suggests that the first wall maximum temperature can be kept below the temperature range of concern, ∝1000-1100 C, in the event of a LOCA. When the ferritic steel used in the reflector and shield is one reduced in Ir and Ag impurities, all in-vessel components qualify for near-surface shallow land burial as Class C low-level waste. (orig.)

  3. Design Report for Isolated RS-485 Bus Node

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    TERMS Android , RS-485, isolated, USB, smartphone 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT UU 18. NUMBER...controlled wired RS-485 network. The Android -based smartphone or tablet is used in conjunction with a USB to serial bridge to operate as the bus master in...the system. The Android device operates in USB Host mode and communicates to the RS-485 bus as if a single peripheral on the USB bus. 15. SUBJECT

  4. Padrões morfológicos de diásporos de árvores e arvoretas zoocóricas no Parque Estadual de Itapuã, RS, Brasil Morphological patterns of diaspores from animal-dispersed tree and treelet species at Parque Estadual de Itapuã, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Boleman Wiesbauer

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Diásporos são as unidades de dispersão das plantas e sua morfologia está relacionada a adaptações às estratégias de dispersão e estabelecimento. Neste estudo, foram avaliadas características morfológicas de diásporos de 64 espécies de árvores e arvoretas adaptadas ao consumo por vertebrados, no Parque Estadual de Itapuã, sul do Brasil, com o objetivo de relacionar características relevantes para a dispersão, como tamanho, formato e cor dos diásporos, com aspectos relacionados ao estabelecimento de plântulas, como massa e quantidade de sementes. Foram considerados dispersos por vertebrados aqueles diásporos que apresentaram estruturas carnosas. O comprimento médio dos diásporos das espécies analisadas foi 1,7 ± 1,67 cm (N = 1.402. Baseando-se em um diagrama de ordenação, produzido com o comprimento e massa dos diásporos e número e massa de sementes por diásporo, as espécies foram separadas em quatro grupos morfológicos. Espécies com poucas sementes por diásporo foram associadas à dispersão por aves, mamíferos ou estratégias mistas; a presença de muitas sementes de massa elevada foi associada à síndrome de mamaliocoria; e grande número de sementes de pequena massa e tamanho, à síndrome mista. O grupo com maior riqueza (35 espécies foi aquele com diásporos pequenos e poucas sementes, potencialmente aptos à dispersão por aves e com maior proporção em massa de sementes por diásporo.Diaspores are the dispersal units of plants and their morphology is linked to dispersal and establishment strategies. In this study we evaluated diaspore morphology in 64 tree and treelet species adapted to vertebrate consumption at Parque Estadual de Itapuã, southern Brazil. Our aim was to relate features crucial to dispersal, such as diaspore length, shape and color, to features limiting establishment success, like mass and number of seeds. We considered vertebrate-dispersed diaspores to be those with fleshy structures

  5. Perfil dos pacientes com tuberculose e avaliação do programa nacional de controle da tuberculose em Bagé (RS Profile of patients with tuberculosis: evaluation of the Brazilian national tuberculosis control program in Bagé, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marysabel Pinto Telis Silveira

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizar um levantamento epidemiológico dos pacientes com diagnóstico de tuberculose, e fatores associados, além de verificar a eficácia do Programa Nacional de Controle da Tuberculose na cidade de Bagé, Rio Grande do Sul. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo dos casos notificados de tuberculose do Posto Paulo Barcellos, através da revisão de prontuários médicos e dos dados do Sistema Nacional de Agravos de Notificação, entre janeiro de 2001 e dezembro de 2004. RESULTADOS: Neste período, foram realizadas 4.468 baciloscopias, sendo a de escarro a amostra mais numerosa. Resultaram positivas 131 amostras, com prevalência maior do sexo masculino e idade entre 26 e 35 anos, e prevalência menor daqueles com idade acima de 65 anos. Mais de 50% dos pacientes eram da raça branca, tinham apenas 1 a 3 anos de estudo, e exerciam alguma função que lhes garantia algum sustento, com renda mensal baixa (média de 265 reais/mês. Houve equivalência entre os fumantes e não fumantes, e somente um dos 131 casos de tuberculose era HIV positivo. CONCLUSÃO: O número de baciloscopias realizadas em Bagé foi crescente nos últimos quatro anos. Em 2003 e 2004, esse número superou as metas do Programa Nacional de Controle da Tuberculose, o que demonstra a eficácia da busca ativa de casos de tuberculose na cidade, no entanto, houve diminuição de casos novos.OBJECTIVE: To present epidemiological data on patients diagnosed with tuberculosis, as well as on associated factors, and to determine the efficacy of the National Tuberculosis Control Program in Bagé, Brazil. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out at the Pablo Barcellos Center, analyzing cases of tuberculosis reported from January 2001 to December 2004. Data were collected through the review of clinical charts and from the National Case Registry database. RESULTS: During this period, of the 4468 sputum smear microscopies performed, 131 were positive, with higher

  6. Histoplasmose pulmonar aguda no Rio Grande do Sul Acute pulmonary histoplasmosis in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisela Unis

    2005-02-01

    growth and transmission of Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum in nature. OBJECTIVE: To identify epidemiological and clinical aspects of patients with acute pulmonary histoplasmosis in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS and compare these aspects with those of other cluster outbreaks reported in Brazil. METHOD: The charts of 212 patients diagnosed with histoplasmosis over a 25-year period (1977-2002 were obtained from the archives of the Laboratório de Micologia from Complexo Hospitalar Santa Casa (Santa Casa Hospital Mycology Laboratory, in the city of Porto Alegre (RS. In reviewing these patient charts, we identified and included in the study cases of acute pulmonary histoplasmosis in which there was a positive culture and/or histopathological findings consistent with the diagnosis. Outbreaks were defined as one confirmed case or positive immunodifusion Histoplasma capsulatum with compatible clinical history. All reported Brazilian outbreaks were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 212 patient charts reviewed, 18 (8.5% were selected for inclusion in the study. Among those 18 patients, ages ranged from 8 to 63 years (median, 35.4, and 67% were male. Epidemiological histories were suggestive of the disease in 11 patients (61%. The most common disease type, seen in 17 patients (95%, was primary acute pulmonary histoplasmosis, and there was a predominance of isolated cases. CONCLUSION: The identification of isolated cases and the presence of cluster outbreaks demonstrate the abundance of H. capsulatum in the soil and, together with the occurrence of all forms of the disease, confirms the assumption that Rio Grande do Sul is a hyperendemic region for histoplasmosis.

  7. Association of PTPN22 (rs2476601) and STAT4 (rs7574865) polymorphisms with Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Western Algerian population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fodil, M; Benzaoui, A; Zemani-Fodil, F; Aberkane, M; Boughrara, W; Saidi-Mehtar, N; Petit-Teixeira, E; Boudjema, A

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to replicate the association of five risk gene polymorphisms (PTPN22-rs2476601, STAT4-rs7574865, 6q23-rs6927172, IRF5-rs2004640 and TRAF1/C5-rs10818488) with RA in a specific population of the Western Algeria. The study group comprised 110 patients with RA and 197 ethnically matched healthy control subjects. All polymorphisms were genotyped using predesigned TaqMan® assays. Allele and genotype frequencies in patients and control subjects were compared by chi-square test and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Correction for multiple testing was carried out using the Bonferroni adjustment. Statistically significant associations with RA were detected. The strongest signal was obtained for PTPN22-rs2476601 with an allelic Pvalue 3.32 x 10(-11) (OR = 9.83, 95% CI [4.28 - 22.56]). A second significant association was obtained with STAT4-rs7574865 (allelic Pvalue = 4 x 10(-3); OR = 1.75, 95% CI [1.16 - 2.63]). The third SNP, 6q23-rs6927172, showed a significant result of association with RA, but missed our criteria for significance at allelic level after Bonferroni's correction (allelic Pvalue = 0.027; OR = 0.64, 95% CI [0.42 - 0.97]). Finally, IRF5-rs2004640 and TRAF1/C5-rs10818488 showed a significant association only at genotypic level (Pvalues: 3 x 10(-4) and 2.9 x 10(-3) respectively) but did not reach statistical significance when comparing allele frequencies (Pvalues: 0.96 and 0.21 respectively). From this initial study, we can conclude that PTPN22-rs2476601 and STAT4-rs7574865 polymorphisms are clearly associated with the risk of RA in the Western Algerian population.

  8. Association of PTPN22 (rs2476601 and STAT4 (rs7574865 polymorphisms with Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Western Algerian population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostefa FODIL

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of the present study was to replicate the association of five risk gene polymorphisms (PTPN22-rs2476601, STAT4-rs7574865, 6q23-rs6927172, IRF5-rs2004640 and TRAF1/C5-rs10818488 with RA in a specific population of the Western Algeria. Material and methods: The study group comprised 110 patients with RA and 197 ethnically matched healthy control subjects. All polymorphisms were genotyped using predesigned TaqMan® assays. Allele and genotype frequencies in patients and control subjects were compared by chi-square test and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Correction for multiple testing was carried out using the Bonferroni adjustment. Results: Statistically significant associations with RA were detected. The strongest signal was obtained for PTPN22-rs2476601 with an allelic Pvalue 3.32 x 10-11 (OR = 9.83, 95% CI [4.28 – 22.56]. A second significant association was obtained with STAT4-rs7574865 (allelic Pvalue = 4 x 10-3; OR = 1.75, 95% CI [1.16 – 2.63]. The third SNP, 6q23-rs6927172, showed a significant result of association with RA, but missed our criteria for significance at allelic level after Bonferroni’s correction (allelic Pvalue = 0.027; OR = 0.64, 95% CI [0.42 – 0.97]. Finally, IRF5-rs2004640 and TRAF1/C5-rs10818488 showed a significant association only at genotypic level (Pvalues: 3 x 10-4 and 2.9 x 10-3 respectively but did not reach statistical significance when comparing allele frequencies (Pvalues: 0.96 and 0.21 respectively. Conclusions: From this initial study, we can conclude that PTPN22-rs2476601 and STAT4-rs7574865 polymorphisms are clearly associated with the risk of RA in the Western Algerian population.

  9. Explorando as múltiplas trajetórias de causalidade: colaboração entre antropologia e epidemiologia na coorte de nascimentos de 1982, Pelotas, RS Explorando las múltiples trayectorias de causalidad: colaboración entre antropología y epidemiología en la cohorte de nacimientos de 1982, Pelotas, Sur de Brasil Exploring multiple trajectories of causality: collaboration between Anthropology and Epidemiology in the 1982 birth cohort, Pelotas, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique P Béhague

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Embora a relação entre Epidemiologia e Antropologia tenha uma longa história, geralmente, ela tem sido compreendida por meio da integração dos métodos quantitativos e qualitativos em pesquisa. Recentemente, esses dois campos têm convergido para linhas conceituais e teóricas, enfatizando mais a explicação do que a simples descrição dos fenômenos investigados. O objetivo do estudo foi mostrar como a análise de dados etnográficos auxilia na interpretação aprofundada e teórica de dados epidemiológicos. MÉTODOS: As análises antropológicas do artigo foram obtidas usando métodos etnográficos, de 1997 a 2007, de uma amostra pertencente ao estudo de coorte de nascimento de 1982 em Pelotas (RS. As análises etnográficas foram estruturadas de acordo com os resultados de dois artigos epidemiológicos sobre os determinantes de morbidade mental e da idade de iniciação sexual. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: As análises etnográficas indicam diversos caminhos de influência e causalidade presentes nas associações estatísticas e que correspondem a experiências únicas de grupos específicos. Explorando esses caminhos, observaram-se vários fatores importantes que ajudam a explicar os resultados epidemiológicos, incluindo as respostas dos jovens às experiências de injustiça/desigualdade, o papel da violência na vida diária, os eventos de vida traumáticos, a reclusão social e introversão como resposta as dificuldades vividas, assim como a maturação psicossocial. A colaboração teórica e metodológica entre antropologia e epidemiologia é importante para a saúde pública, pois tem modificado positivamente esses dois campos do saber.OBJETIVO: A pesar de que la relación entre Epidemiología y Antropología tiene una larga historia, generalmente, ella ha sido comprendida por medio de la integración de los métodos cuantitativos y cualitativos en investigación. Recientemente, esos dos campos han convergido en l

  10. GOVERNO ELETRÔNICO E TRANSPARÊNCIA: Comparativo Entre as Prefeituras Municipais de Curitiba, Belo Horizonte, Salvador e Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Luiz Da Silva

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to comparatively evaluate the stages of transparency and availability of information from the institutional web portals of Curitiba, Belo Horizonte, Salvador and Porto Alegre. The research methodology is exploratory and applied, with comparative case studies from the application of a model for evaluating the stages of transparency and availability of information and built using composite criteria in different documents on the subject. After the evaluation, we compared the results between the portals of the city halls chosen to find out their level of e-government. When compared, the portal of Porto Alegre has characteristics more present in the three early stages, but all municipalities are still poorly developed in the two stages of integration (horizontal and vertical; without borders.

  11. Comparison of activity measurements of 131I and 99mTc radionuclides administered in nuclear medicine services of Porto Alegre

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alabarse, Frederico Gil.; Santos, Carlos Eduardo Lima dos

    2005-01-01

    A programme for the comparison of activity measurements of radionuclides administered to patients in Nuclear Medicine Services, for the purpose of diagnosis or therapy, is being conducted under the coordination of the Radioprotection and Dosimetry Institute of the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission, IRD/CNEN. In the present work, measurements of the activity of samples of 131 I and 99 mTc were conducted in the dose calibrators of the Nuclear Medicine Services of the city of Porto Alegre, in the period from June to September 2004. The results were analysed to evaluate the compliance with the Brazilian regulation and were also compared to data available in the literature for the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia. The performance of the activity meters in Porto Alegre is shown to be very good, which contributes to the radiological protection of patients submitted to diagnosis or therapy with radiopharmaceuticals. (author)

  12. BLOG CORPORATIVO COMO FERRAMENTA DE MARKETING DE RELACIONAMENTO: ESTUDO DE CASO NA REGIÃO METROPOLITANA DE PORTO ALEGRE E NO VALE DO SINOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Portella Montardo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo consiste no levantamento das ações de relacionamento digital em empresas da região do Vale do Rio dos Sinos e região metropolitana de Porto Alegre. O objetivo é analisar a utilização de blogs por empresas destas regiões como ferramenta de promoção da imagem institucional e de relacionamento com seu público-alvo. Este tema é relevante porque trará à discussão o uso dos blogs como estratégia de relacionamento digital pelas empresas da Região do Vale do Rio dos Sinos e da região metropolitana de Porto Alegre. Via Marte, Firezze e Gang foram as empresas selecionadas para esta análise. Palavras-chave: Relacionamento digital. Blogs coorporativos. Interatividade.

  13. La recepción crítica de la novelística de Ciro Alegría: una aproximación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos García-Bedoya Maguiña

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available La obra de todo escritor de relieve requiere ser estudiada desde la perspectivade su recepción y, por cierto, es Ciro Alegría una figura fundamentalde nuestro canon literario. Sin duda merece ser considerado unclásico peruano, y es pertinente calificar a sus tres novelas iniciales yesenciales como textos canónicos de la literatura peruana, por tanto“clásicos” en el sentido más elemental de la palabra. El atributo de clásicoresulta especialmente apropiado para el caso de El mundo es ancho yajeno. En este artículo nos proponemos hacer un análisis de la recepciónde la crítica académica y de la forma en que esta ha consolidado a lanovelística de Alegría como una obra capital en nuestra literatura.

  14. A natação em piscinas nos clubes da cidade de Porto Alegre (décadas de 1930 e 1940)

    OpenAIRE

    Assmann, Alice Beatriz; Silva, Carolina Fernandes da; Mazo, Janice Zarpellon

    2013-01-01

    Este estudo objetiva descrever como se sucedeu a prática da natação em piscinas nos clubes da cidade de Porto Alegre nas décadas de 1930 e 1940. As fontes consultadas evidenciaram que a natação era praticada primeiramente em rios e lagos. O marco da prática institucionalizada da natação, não apenas em Porto Alegre, mas no Brasil, foi a construção da primeira piscina do país em 1885 no Lago Guaíba, por iniciativa da atual SOGIPA. Somente, na década de 1940 foram construídas piscinas em clubes ...

  15. Epidemiologia e organização de serviços de saúde: diabetes mellitus numa comunidade de Porto Alegre Epidemiology and organization of health services: diabetes mellitus in a community of the city of Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Geisler Mielczarski

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo foi avaliar as condições de processo e de resultado no atendimento às pessoas acima de 20 anos com diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus, residentes na área de cobertura da UBS Vila Gaúcha, Porto Alegre. Avaliou-se a prevalência de pacientes controlados com diabetes mellitus. A definição de pacientes controlados foi estabelecida a partir dos valores da pressão arterial, hemoglobina glicada, circunferência abdominal e/ou IMC. Das 753 pessoas acima de 20 anos, 37 (4,9%; IC95% 3,4 6,5 referiram diabetes mellitus diagnosticado por médico. Realizaram-se as medidas de controle em 31 (83,8% pessoas. Encontraram-se 24 (77,4% indivíduos com níveis pressóricos alterados, 25 (80,6% com IMC igual ou maior que 25 kg/m², 29 (93,5% com circunferência abdominal acima da normalidade e 18 (58,1% com hemoglobina glicada igual ou maior que 8%. Para se avaliar os resultados foram utilizados diagramas. Apenas um paciente foi classificado como controlado. A interpretação dos diagramas aponta para a necessidade de ações visando à redução de peso corporal na comunidade, medida que atingiria os pacientes com diabetes.This study sought to assess the conditions of processing and results in care for people aged over 20 diagnosed with diabetes mellitus and living in an area covered by the UBS Vila Gaúcha, in Porto Alegre. Disease control rate of interviewees with self-reported diabetes was assessed. Definition of this rate was established from arterial pressure values, glycosylated hemoglobin, abdominal circumference, and/or BMI. Of the 753 people aged over 20 years, 37 (4.9%; 95% CI 3.4 6.5 mentioned diabetes mellitus diagnosed by a physician. Disease control rate measurements were performed in 31 (83.8% people. Results revealed 24 (77.4% individuals with altered blood pressure levels, 25 (80.6% with BMI equal to or above 25 kg/m², 29 (93.5% with abdominal circumference above normal and 18 (58.1% with glycosylated hemoglobin equal to or above

  16. Configuration control plan for the ports NCS IBM RS/6000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brown, A.S.

    1996-01-01

    This document describes the actions and responsibilities for maintaining the quality and integrity of the NS software resident on the IBM RS/6000 workstation managed by the Nuclear Criticality Safety group at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant. This document does not address the validation of NS software packages for the RS/6000

  17. USB and RS232 voltage datalogger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Hernández Tabares

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} The design and construction of a PIC microcontroller based datalogger with USB 2.0 and RS232 interfaces is presented. The datalogger has one 0 to +10VDC analogue input, 10bits ADC, Real Time Clock, 4k sample room on the microcontroller’s program flash memory and an external DC power supply. This paper proposes a cheap variant to construct such device widely used in meteorological and environmental instrumentation among others. The prototype was attached to an Ultraviolet Photometric O3 Analyzer for recording the environmental (tropospheric ozone concentration in a control station at the Havana city. Key words: datalogger, USB, enviromental ozone

  18. A Grand Tour de um brasileiro: a importância da Itália nas ideias de Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Squeff

    Full Text Available Resumo Manuel de Araújo Porto-Alegre (1806-1879 foi um dos mais importantes pensadores do século XIX no Brasil. Este artigo trata da importância que a viagem para a Itália teve na trajetória deste pensador. Os contatos com os clássicos e com o universo das viagens pitorescas marcaram a sua produção como artista. Nos poucos desenhos daquele período que chegaram até nós, percebe-se o gosto pelo pitoresco de um artista sintonizado com a cultura do Grand Tour e com a sensibilidade romântica. Além disso, o aprendizado na Itália familiarizou o brasileiro com valores e métodos em discussão nos meios antiquários e eruditos da época. Graças a isso, Porto-Alegre faria alguns anos depois uma interpretação da história da arte no Brasil inspirada na leitura de autores como Johann J. Winckelmann e Luigi Lanzi. Finalmente, o artigo defende que a passagem pela Itália funcionou, para Porto-Alegre, como uma espécie de atestado simbólico, garantindo- lhe lugar entre os eruditos franceses do Instituto Histórico de Paris, bem como entre os estudiosos do Instituto Histórico Brasileiro. Se fora para a Europa como aspirante a pintor, Porto-Alegre voltou da Itália como um erudito.

  19. Sediment pollution in margins of the Lake Guaíba, Southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Andrade, Leonardo Capeleto; Tiecher, Tales; de Oliveira, Jessica Souza; Andreazza, Robson; Inda, Alberto Vasconcellos; de Oliveira Camargo, Flávio Anastácio

    2017-12-02

    Sediments are formed by deposition of organic and inorganic particles on depth of water bodies, being an important role in aquatic ecosystems, including destination and potential source of essential nutrients and heavy metals, which may be toxic for living organisms. The Lake Guaíba supplies water for approximately two million people and it is located in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the sediment pollution in the margins of Lake Guaíba in the vicinity of Porto Alegre city. Surface sediment was sampled in 12 sites to assess the concentration of several elements (C, N, P, Fe, Al, Ca, Mg, Na, K, Mn, Ba, Zn, V, Pb, Cu, Cr, Ni, Cd, Mo, and Se) and the mineralogical composition. Sediment in margins of Lake Guaíba presented predominantly (> 95%) sandy fraction in all samples, but with significant differences between evaluated sites. Sediments in the margins of Lake Guaíba showed indications of punctual water pollution with Pb, Cu, Cr, Ni, TOC, TKN, and P, mainly derived from urban streams that flow into the lake. In order to solve these environmental liabilities, public actions should not focus only on Guaíba, but also in the streams that flow into the lake.

  20. GINCANA SOBRE O MOSQUITO Aedes aegypti COM ALUNOS DO ENSINO FUNDAMENTAL DE UMA ESCOLA PÚBLICA DO MUNICÍPIO DE ALEGRE-ES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Cerbino Doblas

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Os vírus da Dengue, Zica e Chikungunya tem alarmado o Governo e a população tendo em vista o elevado número de casos no Brasil e seus consequentes prejuízos à saúde pública. Dessa forma a escola tem um papel fundamental em instruir seus alunos sobre os riscos, métodos de transmissão e prevenção quanto ao vetor dessas doenças: o mosquito Aedes aegypti. Com o objetivo de prevenir a proliferação do mosquito na cidade de Alegre, ES, os alunos participantes do Programa Institucional de Bolsa de Iniciação à Docência (PIBID de biologia, da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES no campus de Alegre, aplicaram uma gincana para alunos do ensino fundamental de uma escola da rede pública do município de Alegre. O resultado da gincana foi benéfico visto que os alunos se demonstraram bastante participativos e mostraram obter conhecimento sobre o assunto. Por meio da análise dos resultados é possível perceber que os diferentes métodos de ensino podem ser muito eficientes para o processo de ensino-aprendizagem.

  1. História do ciclismo em Porto Alegre: os altos e baixos de uma prática

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Fernandes da Silva

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available O ciclismo é um esporte de origem europeia, que pode ser definido como a prática das corridas de bicicleta. No decorrer do século XIX ocorreu sua difusão para outros continentes, chegando ao Brasil e ao estado do Rio Grande do Sul na segunda metade do século. Objetivo: historiar desde as primeiras provas ciclísticas em Porto Alegre, passando pelo arrefecimento das disputas, até os anos de 1930, quando são retomadas as provas ciclísticas na cidade. Método: análise documental de publicações acerca do ciclismo em jornais do Rio Grande do Sul que circulavam na transição do século XIX e primeira metade do século XX. Resultados e Discussão: no princípio, a prática ciclística era promovida por dois clubes de Porto Alegre, que rivalizavam disputas acirradas. Ambos possuíam locais próprios para a prática, os velódromos. No final da década de 1910, o ciclismo teve um declínio com o advento do futebol, a novidade esportiva da época. Após um período em baixa, o esporte ganha um novo fôlego na década de 1930. Novos clubes haviam sido formados e a prática não estava mais restrita à capital, ocorriam também no interior, principalmente na cidade de Pelotas. A partir do fim do século XIX, as competições passaram a ter notas frequentes no jornal A Federação. Além disso, houve a criação de uma entidade própria, a Federação Gaúcha de Ciclismo, em 1935, que, posteriormente, também incorporou a prática do motociclismo. Considerações finais: historicamente, o ciclismo faz parte do cenário esportivo sul-rio-grandense, mas, ao longo do tempo, sofreu períodos de ascensão e declínio nas primeiras décadas do século XX.

  2. Projecting the effectiveness of RotaTeq® against rotavirus-related hospitalisations in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine Chaouki El Khoury

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available RotaTeq® (Merck & Company, Inc, Whitehouse Station, NJ, USA is an oral pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5 that has shown high and consistent efficacy in preventing rotavirus gastroenteritis (RGE in randomised clinical trials previously conducted in industrialised countries with high medical care resources. To date, the efficacy and effectiveness data for RV5 are available in some Latin American countries, but not Brazil. In this analysis, we projected the effectiveness of RV5 in terms of the percentage reduction in RGE-related hospitalisations among children less than five years of age in four regions of Brazil, using a previously validated mathematical model. The model inputs included hospital-based rotavirus surveillance data from Goiânia, Porto Alegre, Salvador and São Paulo from 2005-2006, which provided the proportions of rotavirus attributable to serotypes G1, G2, G3, G4 and G9, and published rotavirus serotype-specific efficacy from the Rotavirus Efficacy and Safety Trial. The model projected an overall percentage reduction of 93% in RGE-related hospitalisations, with an estimated annual reduction in RGE-related hospitalisations between 42,991-77,383 in the four combined regions of Brazil. These results suggest that RV5 could substantially prevent RGE-related hospitalisations in Brazil.

  3. Datafile: Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1990-01-01

    There is as yet little to show for the enormous investment made by Brazil over the past 20 years in nuclear power and the fuel cycle. The only nuclear power plant (657MWe PWR) in operation has had a poor performance record and the two reactors (1309MWe PWRs) under construction are more than ten years behind the original schedule. Aspirations of building commercial fuel cycle facilities have proved extremely optimistic. In the latest reorganization of the industry, the construction and operation of nuclear power stations is entrusted to the national utility and the various civilian/military R and D efforts in the fuel cycle are being integrated under civilian supervision. This should lead to greater accountability and efficiency in the future. (author)

  4. Repercussões da Lei Maria da Penha no enfrentamento da violência doméstica em Porto Alegre Repercusiones de la Ley Maria da Penha en el enfrentamiento de la violencia doméstica en Porto Alegre Repercussions of Maria da Penha Law on addressing domestic violence in Porto Alegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisângela da Silva Alves

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo procurou analisar as repercussões da Lei Maria da Penha no enfrentamento da violência doméstica contra mulheres, na cidade de Porto Alegre, a partir da visão dos profissionais que constituem a rede de atendimento a elas. Foram entrevistados sete profissionais que atuam na rede de atendimento a mulheres vítimas de violência. Os dados sugerem que a Lei promoveu mudanças nos campos da prevenção da violência, da assistência a mulheres e da punição aos agressores, com aumento da visibilidade conferida a esse fenômeno e empoderamento feminino. Conclui-se que o fortalecimento das medidas preconizadas pela Lei Maria da Penha ainda depende de investimentos na qualificação dos profissionais, de ações articuladas entre os locais de atendimento e de crescente utilização da atenção básica para a promoção da saúde de mulheres e famílias expostas à violência.El presente trabajo buscó analizar las repercusiones de la Ley Maria da Penha en el enfrentamiento de la violencia doméstica contra mujeres en la ciudad de Porto Alegre, a partir de la visión de los profesionales que constituyen la red de atendimiento a ellas. Fueron entrevistados siete profesionales que actúan en la red de atendimiento a mujeres víctimas de violencia. Los datos sugieren que la Ley promovió cambios en el campo de la prevención de la violencia, de la asistencia a mujeres y de la punición a los agresores, con el aumento de la visibilidad dada a ese fenómeno y el empoderamiento femenino. Se concluye que el fortalecimiento de las medidas preconizadas por la Ley Maria da Penha aún depende de inversión en la calificación de los profesionales, de acciones articuladas entre los locales de atendimiento y de creciente utilización de la atención básica para la promoción de la salud de mujeres y las familias expuestas a la violencia.The current paper sought to analyze the repercussions of Maria da Penha Law on addressing the issue of

  5. Dengue in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: 2014 to 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregianini, Tatiana Schaffer; Tumioto-Giannini, Gabriela Luchiari; Favreto, Cátia; Plentz, Luciana Ciarelli; Ikuta, Nilo; da Veiga, Ana B Gorini

    2018-01-01

    The first autochthonous dengue case in Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Southern Brazil, occurred in 2007. In 2008 and 2009, only imported cases were reported in RS, but from 2010 to 2013, reports of autochthonous infections increased significantly. This study analyzes and discusses laboratory, demographic, and clinical data regarding dengue cases in RS, from 2014 to 2016. This study analyzed 13,420 serum samples from notified patients with suspicion of dengue fever in RS from 2014 to 2016. Seasonality of positive cases, viral serotypes, and clinical and epidemiological aspects were analyzed. There was no difference in gender (P = .4); dengue fever occurred mainly in adults, with similar distribution among age groups. The number of dengue virus (DENV) cases increased from 89 cases in 2014 to 2518 in 2016. Dengue virus 1 was the most prevalent circulating serotype during this period (97.5% of cases). Dengue virus infections show peaks in March and April (late summer and early autumn), after periods of high temperatures and rainfall. In 2014, dengue cases were concentrated in the northwestern and eastern regions of RS, and in 2015 and 2016, the northern region also confirmed a high number of cases. With increase in DENV circulation in RS, a rise in the number of autochthonous infections was also observed, mainly in highly urbanized areas. This study revealed that circulation of DENV in RS increased significantly in 2015 and 2016, with a rise in the number of autochthonous infections and cocirculation with Chikungunya and Zika viruses, recently introduced into RS. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Proceedings of Colloquium 110 of the International Astronomical Union on Library and Information Services in Astronomy Held in Washington, DC on 26 July- 1 August 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    executive overview, IBM System Service, Stuttgart. 2. Doyen, P., 1987. Analyse d’opportunite et aspects fonctionnels d’une gestion integree par un systeme...Inst. di Astron. Tucson, AZ 85726-6732 Campus do Vale Citta. Universitaria 90049 Porto Alegre RS Viale A. Doris Mo. Vagiawari Alladi BRAZIL 1-95125

  7. Revista do Globo: as mulheres porto-alegrenses nas práticas equestres Revista do Globo Magazine: Porto Alegre's women in equestrian practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ester Liberato Pereira

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O turfe e o hipismo são assuntos veiculados pela Revista do Globo, editada em Porto Alegre, capital do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, de 1929 até 1967. O objetivo deste estudo histórico foi identificar que representações das mulheres nas práticas equestres em Porto Alegre foram produzidas pela Revista do Globo no período de sua publicação. Realizou-se uma análise de conteúdo das reportagens da revista acerca destas práticas. As reportagens sugerem duas imagens sobre as mulheres no contexto das práticas equestres: no turfe, a presença feminina é limitada à assistência, associada à elegância, à fragilidade; no hipismo, as mulheres competem com igualdade com os homens, alcançando vitórias. Este olhar remete à análise do contexto sociocultural e político-econômico porto-alegrense que sustentou tais práticas equestres, cada qual reservando à mulher distintas possibilidades de atuação. Tais representações construídas pela revista podem resultar das distintas origens históricas e étnico-culturais do turfe e do hipismo.Turf and show jumping are topics diffused by Revista do Globo magazine, edited in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul's capital state, from 1929 until 1967. The aim of this study was to identify which women's representations in equestrian practices in Porto Alegre were produced by Revista do Globo magazine in its publication period. A content analysis of the magazine´s reports about these practices was carried out. The reports suggest two images about women in equestrian practices context: in turf, feminine presence limited to assistance and to elegance and frailty. In show jumping, women, competing with equality with men, reaching victories. This magazine's look remits to social cultural and political economical Porto Alegre´s context analysis which sustained both equestrian practices, each one reserving different possibilities of actuation to the woman. These representations constructed for women by the

  8. Utilização de serviços de saúde por adultos da coorte de nascimentos de 1982 a 2004-5, Pelotas, RS Utilización de servicios de salud por adultos de la cohorte de nacimientos de 1982 a 2005, Pelotas, Sur de Brasil Pattern of health services utilization by adults of the Pelotas birth cohort from 1982 to 2004-5, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juvenal S Dias-da-Costa

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever o padrão de utilização de serviços de saúde por adultos jovens. MÉTODOS: Estudo longitudinal em Pelotas (RS, em que os indivíduos foram localizados no seu nascimento em 1982 e acompanhados até os 23 anos. O desfecho foi definido por informações coletadas sobre consultas com profissionais de saúde realizadas no ano anterior à entrevista entre 2004 e 2005. Os locais de consulta foram categorizados como públicos, privados ou planos de saúde. Análises descritivas foram realizadas para utilização e tipo de serviço de saúde. Regressão de Poisson foi utilizada na análise ajustada. RESULTADOS: Dos entrevistados, 72,0% tiveram consulta com profissionais de saúde no ano anterior à entrevista; 86,2% (IC 95% 84,7;87,7 das mulheres e 59,3% (IC 95% 57,3;61,3 dos homens. Mesmo quando excluídas as consultas com ginecologista, as mulheres continuavam tendo mais consultas do que os homens, 68,4% (IC 95% 66,4;70,4. A utilização dos serviços de saúde foi mais freqüente entre os entrevistados de melhor nível socioeconômico. Diferença de menor uso em relação à cor da pele não branca foi observada somente entre os jovens do sexo masculino. Houve diferenças em relação ao tipo de profissional consultado por homens e mulheres e também conforme a renda familiar. Homens e mulheres consultaram mais freqüentemente o sistema público, os serviços conveniados e em menor proporção o sistema privado. CONCLUSÕES: A situação socioeconômica influenciou a utilização e o tipo de serviço de saúde, com homens e mulheres classificados como "pobres no momento", indicando menor utilização de serviços. Tais diferenças socioeconômicas podem ser indicativas de dificuldades de acesso ao sistema de saúde.OBJETIVO: Describir el patrón de utilización de servicios de salud por adultos jóvenes. MÉTODOS: Estudio longitudinal en Pelotas (Sur de Brasil, en que los individuos fueron localizados en su nacimiento en 1982 y

  9. Documenting the Impact of Socioeconomic Dynamics on Heritage Sites. The Case of Vista Alegre District in Santiago de Cuba

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caballero, L. B.; Castillo, M. M.; Van Balen, K.

    2017-08-01

    Recent policies adopted in Cuba are producing a significant turn into the country's socioeconomic dynamics. Past shifting circumstances have demonstrated the positive and negative implications on heritage sites. In this regard, this paper presents a first stage of a research project aimed at monitoring the impact of socioeconomic dynamics on local heritage sites. The research partial results focus on the documentation of the evolution of a case study: Vista Alegre District in the city of Santiago de Cuba. Scholars have noted that the District's urban design and historic building stock represent its most significant heritage values. Such qualities are under permanent threat due to transformations and deterioration. In order to analyse current site condition, and to understand transformations as a result of socioeconomic dynamics, a Geographic Information System (GIS) was implemented as a monitoring and documenting tool. The GIS allowed integrating data related to the evolution of the urban layout, and the heritage buildings. Data was sourced from heritage management and urban planning offices, as well as from previous studies on the site. In addition, the analysis of remote sensing imagery, and a field survey helped to update the existing records, and to include new information with the purpose of assessing the integrity of heritage values. At this stage, maps that describe the site evolution, the significant changes over time, and the alterations to character defining elements served to identify sectors of different scenic qualities. Results are essential to contribute to draft management strategies as part of decision making.

  10. Feminicídios em Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: iniquidades de gênero ao morrer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela Nazareth Meneghel

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Feminicídios são assassinatos de mulheres decorrentes das desigualdades de gênero e representam a forma mais extrema da violência contra a mulher. O referencial teórico-metodológico utilizado neste estudo foi a teoria do patriarcado e a análise crítica do discurso. Foram analisados os discursos referentes ao relatório final de 64 inquéritos policiais categorizados como feminicídios, ocorridos na cidade de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, no período de 2006 a 2010. As vítimas eram majoritariamente mulheres pobres, jovens e moradoras de regiões de periferia, havendo uma frequência elevada de prostitutas e mulheres executadas pelo tráfico; mortes não consideradas feminicídios pelos operadores policiais. Muitos inquéritos foram arquivados devido à ausência de provas e outros não foram nem ao menos iniciados. Nos inquéritos, havia discursos que desqualificavam e culpavam as vítimas, embora alguns criticassem as desigualdades entre homens e mulheres e identificassem os efeitos letais do machismo. Inquéritos policiais são fontes importantes para estudar o feminicídio na sociedade, agregando grande quantidade de informações sobre vítimas, agressores e cenários dos crimes.

  11. Evaluation of heat focuss and Monte Alegre formula in Chapada dos Guimarães National park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlindo de Paula Machado Neto

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to analyze the behavior of the Monte Alegre Formula (MAF and to quantify the heat focus detected by reference satellites, comparing them with the fires that occurred in Chapada dos Guimarães National Park from 2007 to 2015. Heat analysis was performed using images from AQUA, TERRA and NOAA satellites, whose daily data of detected foci were used to compose the time series over the years, allowing the analysis of trends in the numbers of foci for the park. The data were acquired in the platform of the National Institute of Space Research, in the historical data base of the National Institute of Meteorology and by to the manager of the park. In most years there was an overestimation of the number of heat sources in relation to the number of fire occurrences. The TERRA satellite presented values were closer to the number of fire records in the park. It was observed that 87.69% of the fires were validated in relation to MAF, where 60% belonged to very high hazard class and 27.69% were classified in the high hazard class, demonstrating the effectiveness of MAF in relation to records of fires occurring in the park.

  12. La tradición oral en la novelística de Ciro Alegría

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nécker Salazar Mejía

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo estudia la influencia de la literatura oral en la trilogía novelística de Ciro Alegría, conformada por La serpiente de oro (1935, Los perros hambrientos (1938 y El mundo es ancho y ajeno (1941. En dicho corpus, figuran narraciones que pertenecen a la tradición oral andina, cuya inclusión demuestra la firme identificación del autor con el relato popular, así como el papel decisivo que este desempeña en el contenido y estructura de su novelística. En esa misma dirección, se halla la figura del narrador oral, cuya perfomance y estrategias discursivas siguen el modelo del narrador popular. Por otro lado, en la novelística alegriana, la tradición oral se articula con la memoria colectiva y expresa la visión de los indios mediante narraciones testimoniales. En un plano mayor, la filiación de la novelística alegriana con la literatura oral representa una valoración de las expresiones de la literatura no canónica en el Perú.

  13. Association of 5-HT2C (rs3813929) and UCP3 (rs1800849) gene polymorphisms with type 2 diabetes in obese women candidates for bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnor, Noa Pereira Prada; Verlengia, Rozangela; Novais, Patrícia Fátima Sousa; Crisp, Alex Harley; Leite, Celso Vieira de Souza; Rasera-Junior, Irineu; Oliveira, Maria Rita Marques de

    2017-01-01

    Obesity can cause systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) factor that is also influenced by genetic variability. The present study aims to investigate the association between gene polymorphisms related with obesity on the prevalence of SAH and DM2 in the preoperative period and 1 year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. In total, 351 obese women in a Brazilian cohort completed the study. The clinical diagnosis of SAH and DM2 was monitored from medical records. Twelve gene polymorphisms (rs26802; rs572169; rs7799039; rs1137101; rs3813929; rs659366; rs660339; rs1800849; rs7498665; rs35874116; rs9701796; and rs9939609) were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction and TaqMan assay. In the preoperative period, prevalence of SAH and DM2 was 57% and 22%, respectively. One year postoperatively, 86.8% subjects had remission of DM2 and 99.5% had control of SAH. Subjects with T allele from the serotonin receptor gene (5-HT2C, rs3813929) had five times greater chance of DM2, and the CC genotype from uncoupling protein 3 gene (UCP3, rs1800849) had three times greater chance in the preoperative period. These findings indicate that polymorphisms rs3813929 and rs1800849 from 5-HT2C and UCP3 genes were related to DM2 prevalence among the Brazilian obese women candidates for bariatric surgery.

  14. Association analysis of APOA5 rs662799 and rs3135506 polymorphisms with obesity in Moroccan patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakbakbi El Yaagoubi, F; Charoute, H; Bakhchane, A; Ajjemami, M; Benrahma, H; Errouagui, A; Kandil, M; Rouba, H; Barakat, A

    2015-12-01

    The aim of the present study is to explore the association between the APOA5 polymorphisms and haplotypes with obesity in Moroccan patients. The study was performed in 459 subjects, Obese (n=164) and non-obese (n=295). All subjects were genotyped for the APOA5 -1131T>C (rs662799) and c.56C>G (rs3135506) polymorphisms. The contribution of APOA5 polymorphisms and haplotypes in the increased risk of obesity were explored using logistic regression analyses. The -1131T>C and c.56C>G polymorphisms were significantly associated with obesity. Both polymorphisms were strongly associated with increased BMI. Analysis of constructed haplotypes showed a significant association between CG haplotype and susceptibility to obesity (OR [95%CI]=3.09 [1.93-4.97]; P<0.001). These results support a potential role for APOA5 common variants and related haplotypes as risk factors for obesity. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  15. Experiência-piloto de assistência domiciliar: idosos acamados de uma Unidade Básica de Saúde, Porto Alegre, Brasil Experiencia piloto de asistencia a domicilio: ancianos encamados en una Unidad Básica de Salud, en Porto Alegre, Brasil Pilot-experience in home care: bedridden aged patients of a Basic Health Unit, Porto Alegre, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giselda Quintana Marques

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve por objetivos: descrever o processo de desenvolvimento do projeto-piloto de assistência a idosos acamados, da Unidade Básica de Saúde IAPI; e identificar aspectos demográficos, sociais e de saúde desses idosos, bem como aspectos relevantes relatados pela equipe, na implantação da assistência domiciliar. A pesquisa teve características descritivas e avaliativas. Foram revisadas as fichas cadastrais e os prontuários dos pacientes atendidos, assim como os registros de avaliação do projeto. A experiência-piloto permitiu o desenvolvimento de habilidades na equipe, foi enriquecedora e de grande responsabilidade para profissionais e cuidadores. Apontou para a continuidade da assistência domiciliar, fazendo-se necessários ajustes na sua organização, com a finalidade de ampliar os espaços de assistência e a qualidade do que vinha sendo ofertado à população.El estudio tuvo por objetivos describir: el proceso de desarrollo del proyecto piloto de asistencia a ancianos encamados, de la Unidad Básica de Salud IAPI; identificar aspectos demográficos, sociales y de salud de esos ancianos; y, identificar los aspectos relevantes relatados por el equipo, en la implantación de la asistencia a domicilio. La investigación tuvo características descriptivas y de evaluación. Fueron revisadas las fichas de inscripción de los pacientes atendidos, así como los registros de evaluación del proyecto. La experiencia piloto permitió el desarrollo de habilidades en el equipo, fue enriquecedora y de gran responsabilidad para los profesionales y cuidadores. El resultado apuntó para la continuidad de la asistencia a domicilio, siendo necesario realizar ajustes en su organización, con la finalidad de ampliar los espacios de asistencia y la calidad de lo que estaba siendo ofrecido a la población.The objectives of this study were to describe the development of a pilot-project in home care to bedridden aged patients at a Basic Health Unit, and identify demographic, social and health aspects of these patients, as well as relevant aspects reported by the health team that implemented the home care. The study had descriptive and evaluative characteristics. The patients' enrollment forms and health records and the project's records were analyzed. The pilot-experience permitted to develop the team's skills, in addition to being enriching and of great responsibility for the professionals and caregivers involved. The results indicated the need for continuous home care and adjustments in its organization with the purpose of increasing the areas for health care and improving the population's quality of life.

  16. Correlation of Fetuin-A gene rs1071592 and rs2593813 single nucleotide polymorphisms with polycystic ovary syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan YI

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To investigate the relations of Fetuin-A gene rs1071592 and rs2593813 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs with the affect ability to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS and its endocrine and metabolic characteristics in Chongqing Han population. Methods  A case-control study was performed in Chinese Han subjects. The clinical data of 156 cases of normal control and 147 cases of PCOS patients were collected, and their blood glucose, lipids, sex hormone and other biochemical indexes were determined, the SNPs of rs1071592 and rs2593813 were genotyped by TaqMan SNP Genotyping Assay. Hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp was performed in 147 PCOS women and 20 controls. The relative risk of developing PCOS in women with rs1071592 genotype was assessed using a binary logistic regression analysis. Results  The distribution frequency of Fetuin-A gene homozygous rs1071592 AA genotype and A allele was significantly increased in PCOS patients than in controls (Pc0.05. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of developing PCOS was 4.93 times high in women with AA genotype of rs1071592 (OR=4.933, 95%CI 1.593-15.278, P0.05. Conclusion  People with SNPs variants of rs1071592 in Fetuin-A gene may have an increased genetic susceptibility to PCOS. However, there won't be significant relationship between SNP of rs2593813 at Fetuin-A gene and PCOS. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2016.09.07

  17. Replication Study of Polymorphisms Associated With Brain Arteriovenous Malformation in a Population From South of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franciscatto, André Cerutti; Ludwig, Fernanda S; Matte, Ursula S; Mota, Simone; Stefani, Marco A

    2016-02-24

    The aim of this study was to reproducibly determine if any of the polymorphisms were associated with the susceptibility to brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVM) or the risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) presentation. We recruited 63 BAVM patients and 96 controls. The polymorphisms selected for evaluation were apolipoprotein E (APOE), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF 238G>A - rs361525), interleukin 1 beta (IL1B 511C>T - rs16944 and IL1B -31T>C - rs1143627), activin-like kinase 1 (ACVRL1 IVS3-35A>G - rs2071219), endoglin (ENG 207G>A - rs11545664), and interleukin 6 (IL6 174G>C - rs1800795). In the single analysis, we observed statistically significant differences in the allele distributions for IL1B -31T>C (rs1143627) between the BAVM patients and control subjects (P = 0.02). There was a trend toward significance for the association between the IL1B 511C>T (rs16944) allele and BAVM risk (P = 0.07). In further logistic regression analysis, no polymorphism was significantly associated with the risk of BAVM. No polymorphisms were associated with hemorrhage presentation according to both single and multivariable analyses. In our sample from a south Brazil population, we found no association between the risks of BAVM and ICH presentation with any of the selected polymorphisms.

  18. Potencialidade do Planejamento Participativo no Brasil / Potentiality of Participative Planning in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ideni Terezinha Antonello

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The main objective in this essay is making a reflection upon the potentialities presented by the recentmunicipal master plans in Brazil compared to the traditional plans, because the City Statute (2001brought a new meaning to these plans when designating them “participative master plans”, in the orientationof formulation of plans on the perspective of an effective popular participation. In order to reachthis goal, the concrete experience of two study objects will be developed: the Participative Master Planand the Participative Budget. The city of Londrina/Paraná will be taken to check the application of theassumptions of popular participation on the production of the municipal master plan, and the city ofPorto Alegre/Rio Grande do Sul, as an example of the participative budget application.

  19. Insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs): Important amino ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-12-29

    Dec 29, 2008 ... nAChRs within the insect central nervous system has led to the development of insecticides targeting .... binding protein (AChBP), a homopentameric structural and functional homolog of ..... of the honey bee, Apis mellifera.

  20. Assessment of river plan changes in Terengganu River using RS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences ... The database can help in the appropriate understanding of river plan change and know ... The data collected from Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) database.

  1. SparkRS - Spark for Remote Sensing, Phase I

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The proposed innovation is Spark-RS, an open source software project that enables GPU-accelerated remote sensing workflows in an Apache Spark distributed computing...

  2. RS-485 Bus Design of a Missile Simulation Training System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Fang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In a missile simulation training system with one-master and multi-slaves distributed system structure, a universal controller is necessary due to the system composed with several controllers. In this research, the designed controllers communicate with each other and upper control computer through RS-485 field bus. RS-485 bus including interface circuits, transmission protocol, Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC method and upper control test software is designed and proposed. The universal controller adopting the designed RS-485 interface circuits is connected through twisted-pair and makes the simulation system, then the controller is tested in line. The results show that the RS-485 bus communicates effectively using the protocol and CRC method, data transmission rates reaches 115.2 kbps, and has a good stability.

  3. Four therapeutic cases of RS3PE syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nakajima, Naoya; Fukuda, Yukiko; Yang, Kwang-Seok; Aiba, Miyoji; Tsuda, Hiroshi

    2007-01-01

    RS3PE syndrome (Remitting Seronegative Symmetrical Synovitis with Pitting Edema Syndrome) is one of the disorders which present as polyarthritis. It is important to be aware of RS3PE syndrome when encountering elderly patients with polyarthritis who are negative for rheumatoid factor. We report 4 cases of RS3PE syndrome. All cases shared common clinical findings, such as acute onset, symmetrical polyarthritis, pitting edema of the hands and feet, and being negative for rheumatoid factor in serum. Treatment with corticosteroid was very effective in all cases. However, two patients showed a deteriorated clinical condition during the tapering of corticosteroid. Corticosteroid should be tapered off cautiously in patients with RS3PE syndrome. (author)

  4. Blending the most fundamental Remote-Sensing principles (RS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Blending the most fundamental Remote-Sensing principles (RS) with the most functional spatial knowledge (GIS) with the objective of the determination of the accident-prone palms and points (case study: Tehran-Hamadan Highway on Saveh Superhighway)

  5. Trophic state of water in the watershed of Lake Mirim, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Pereira-Ramirez

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to analyze the spacetime variations in the trophic characteristics of the principal water bodies feeding Lake Mirim, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, by determination of the Trophic State Index proposed by Toledo Jr. (IETT and Lamparelli (IETL, to assess water quality data between 1996 and 1998. It was verified that the lotic environments presented greater eutrophication conditions when evaluated by the Toledo Jr. methodology, in which the IETT varied from Eutrophic to Hypereutrophic. However, the evaluated environments showed variations from Mesotrophic to Hypereutrophic for the IETL when evaluated according to the Lamparelli methodology. From the classification proposed by Toledo Jr., lentic water bodies were considered Mesotrophic (IETT > 44 and Hypereutrophic (IETT > 74, while the Lamparelli method classified them as Eutrophic (IETL > 59 and Hypereutrophic (IETL > 67. Concentrations of phosphorus encountered in all water samples were greater than the limits established by the CONAMA Resolution n. 357, 2005, for class 2 water bodies, probably due to the discharge of untreated domestic and industrial wastes into the waters.

  6. AAA application in diagnosis exams in a large public hospital, RS, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bacelar, A.; Ferret, A.A.; Vanni, S.; Galhardi, M.P.; Lykawka, R.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: the initiative AAA - Awareness , Appropriateness and Audit , promotes consciousness ( Awareness) , fitness ( Appropriateness ) and Audit ( Audit) . This paper analyzes the application of the concept in the AAA requests and justifications examinations using ionizing radiation within a large public hospital. Materials and methods: we collected and analyzed data between the years 2011 and 2012, concerning the number of exams performed with the use of radiation and their justifications. After, we sought to raise awareness of the clinical team through training on the risks and benefits of the various modalities of the radiology department and the need to justify the use of ionizing radiation on health. After the data were collected again of test requests for verification of the effectiveness of training. Results: the mean requests that need to be appropriate to the AAA in the last quarter of 2011 was 75 % lower than the average demands of the first quarter, matched against the last two months of 2012 increased by up to four times the number requests that require improvements in relation to the excellent results obtained in July 2012. Conclusion: it is shown in this paper the need of implementing this initiative AAA continuously added to the clinical staff awareness about the risk of the use of ionizing radiation, the appropriateness of the requests of these tests , as well as the control of this process in order to optimize use of ionizing radiation on health

  7. Solar radiation availability for tomato cropping during winter in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Estefanel, V.; Buriol, G.A.; Andriolo, J.L.; Lima, C.P.; Luzzi, N.

    1998-01-01

    The probability of occurrence of days with solar radiation bellow the critical value for the development of tomato inside greenhouse in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, were calculated during May, June, July and August. It was considered the flue density of solar radiation of 200 cal cm -2 dia -1 as the lowest value to tomato growth and 180 cal cm -2 dia -1 as the low value reference of solar radiation for crop growth. Daily values of solar radiation were estimated by sunshine duration during the time period from 1912 to 1996. Results showed that the availability of solar radiation in Santa Maria was lower than the required by tomato crop inside plastic greenhouse during Winter, mainly in June and July. (author) [pt

  8. FUNGI ISOLATED FROM THE EXCRETA OF WILD BIRDS IN SCREENING CENTERS IN PELOTAS, RS, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiara Furtado Mendes

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The identification of the fungal species belonging to the healthy microflora in animals is a precondition for the recognition of pathological processes causing them. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of potentially pathogenic fungi in the feces of wild birds collected in Screening Centers. Samples were collected from the feces of 50 cages with different species of birds. The samples were processed according to the modified method STAIB and the plates incubated at 32 °C for up to ten days with daily observation for detection of fungal growth. The isolation of the following species was observed: Malassezia pachydermatis, Candida albicans, C. famata, C. guilliermondii, C. sphaerica, C. globosa, C. catenulata, C. ciferri, C. intermedia, Cryptococcus laurentii, Trichosporon asahii, Geotrichum klebahnii, Aspergillus spp., A. niger and Penicillium spp. Knowing the character of some opportunistic fungi is important in identifying them, facilitating the adoption of preventive measures, such as proper cleaning of cages, since the accumulation of excreta may indicate a risk for both health professionals and centers for screening public health.

  9. Uranium prospecting in Cerro Partido Region-Encruzilhada do Sul Basin-RS, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fraenkel, M.O.

    1974-01-01

    The Cerro Partido residual basin is a shallow (85 meters) and small (25km 2 ) sedimentary basin, a remainder of the erosive cicle, enclosed in the pre-cambrian granitic rocks of the Rio Grande do Sul Shield. Grades of 0.2 + U 3 O 8 were found in its upper-paleozoic sandstones and shales drilles for uranium. The small size and thicknesses of these concentrations prevent their economic mining. However, the different levels of the shield exposed by tectonics, the intrusive granitic, riolitic and syenitic rocks, the anomalous uranium contents in sedimentary and crystalline rocks recommend further investigations on the shield area

  10. URBAN WATERSHED STUDIES IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Poleto