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Sample records for akut glaukom efter

  1. Akut glaukom efter endarterektomi af arteria carotis interna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, J S; Klaerke, A

    2000-01-01

    A 71 year-old woman had 85% and 60% stenoses of the right and left internal carotid arteries, respectively. Right-sided endarterectomy was performed because of amaurosis fugax. Two days postoperatively, she developed classical symptoms and signs of acute glaucoma. Right-sided acute angle closure...

  2. Akut glaukom efter endarterektomi af arteria carotis interna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes Sanddal; Klaerke, A

    2000-01-01

    A 71 year-old woman had 85% and 60% stenoses of the right and left internal carotid arteries, respectively. Right-sided endarterectomy was performed because of amaurosis fugax. Two days postoperatively, she developed classical symptoms and signs of acute glaucoma. Right-sided acute angle closure...... glaucoma was diagnosed by tonometry and gonioscopy, and treated with laser-iridectomy. The patient was discharged two days later without neurological or ophthalmological deficits. Manifest acute glaucoma postoperatively seems never to have been reported. However, the choroid is not autoregulated...

  3. Akut kulilteforgiftning efter vandpiberygning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Jakob Felbo; Villads, Kasper von Rosen; Sonne, Morten

    2016-01-01

    Carbon monoxide poisoning is potentially lethal, and early recognition and treatment is essential. An 18-year-old man was admitted due to syncope and a carboxyhaemoglobin level of 17% after water pipe tobacco smoking. He received normo- and hyperbaric oxygen as treatment and was discharged after...

  4. Akut hjernesyndrom efter meflokinbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rønn, A M; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian

    1994-01-01

    It is known that the antimalarial drug mefloquine may cause neurological side-effects. Only few cases of encephalitis ascribed to mefloquine treatment have been reported. We here describe a 34 year-old female patient with symptoms of acute brain syndrome. The patient was initially treated with me...

  5. Efter Solingen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peters, Rikke Alberg

    2013-01-01

    Den 29. maj 1993 blev Tyskland rystet af en brutal mordbrand, der i den grad kom til at præge den offentlige debat om demokratiets vilkår efter murens fald. Stedet hvor attentatet foregik, var Solingen, en by med godt 160.000 indbyggere i den vestlige del af Tyskland. I brandattentatet omkom fem ...

  6. Cryotherapy of the primary glaucoma; Kryotherapie des primaeren Glaukoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anders, M. [Abt. Augenheilkunde und Kryomedizin, Medizinische Akademie Dresden (Germany)

    1994-12-31

    Cryotherapy is an effective and conservative method of treatment for the primary glaucoma. The principal procedure of this one-time treatment consists in the application of 8-12 punctiform transconjunctival cold nuclei on circle approximately 2mm away from the cornea by means of a cryoapplicator (diameter approx. 2mm) cooled down to approx. -140 C. If all parameters involved in this treatment are accurately observed, the cryotherapy leads to compensation of the pathognomonic increased intraocular pressure in 90% of cases. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Kryotherapie stellt beim primaeren Glaukom ein effektives und schonendes Behandlungsverfahren dar. Dieses besteht im Prinzip darin, dass mit einem auf ca. -140 C abgekuehlten Kryoapplikator (Durchmesser ca. 2 mm) einmalig 8-12 punktfoermige, transkonjunktivale Kaelteherde zirkulaer 2 mm von der Hornhaut entfernt gesetzt werden. Die so durchgefuehrte Kryotherapie fuehrt bei exakter Einhaltung aller borgegebenen Therapieparameter in 90% der Faelle zur Kompensation des bei dieser Krankeit erhoehten intraokularen Druckes. (orig.)

  7. Cryotherapy of the primary glaucoma; Kryotheraphie des primaeren Glaukoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anders, M. [Medizinische Akademie, Dresden (Germany). Abt. Augenheilkunde und Kryomedizin

    1994-12-31

    Cryotherapy is an effective and conservative method of treatment for the primary glaucoma. The principal procedure of this one-time treatment consists in the application of 8-12 punctiform transconjunctional cold nuclei on a circle approximately 2 mm away from the cornea by means of a cryoapplicator (diameter approx. 2 mm) cooled down to approx. -140 C. If all parameters involved in this treatment are accurately observed, the cryotherapy leads to compensation of the pathognomonic increased intraocular pressure in 90% of cases. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Kryotherapie stellt beim primaeren Glaukom ein effektives und schonendes Behandlungsverfahren dar. Dieses besteht im Prinzip darin, dass mit einem auf ca. -140 C abgekuehlten Kryoapplikator (Durchmesser ca. 2 mm) einmalig 8 - 12 punktfoermige transkonjunktivale Kaelteherde zirkulaer 2 mm von der Hornhaut entfernt gesetzt werden. Die so durchgefuehrte Kryotherapie fuehrt bei exakter Einhaltung aller vorgegebenen Therapieparameter in 90% der Faelle zur Kompensation des bei dieser Krankheit erhoehten intraokularen Druckes. (orig.)

  8. Akut kompartmentsyndrom efter total knæalloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arenkiel, Bjørn; Kjærgaard, Maj; Lauritsen, Anne Øberg

    2012-01-01

    Acute compartment syndrome is a rare, but severe complication to knee arthroplasty. The main symptoms are extreme pain unrelated to the surgery, pulselessness, and tense and pallid skin. The syndrome can be disguised by an effective pain management, but due to the consequences, an early diagnosis...... and fasciotomy is important. We describe a case with a patient, who had undergone a total knee arthroplasty and after a postoperative period of 5,5 hours she developed extreme pain in the limb, below the operated knee. The diagnosis was confirmed by sonography, and an acute fasciotomy was performed....

  9. Manglende betydning af elektrokardiografisk Q-tak efter akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdulla, Jawdat; Abildstrøm, Steen Z; Køber, Lars;

    2002-01-01

    A Q wave has high specificity in identifying acute myocardial infarction and is associated with infarcts of a larger size. A considerable number of studies have addressed the prognostic value of the presence of a Q wave in the electrocardiogram before and after the introduction of thrombolytic...

  10. Images of Akutô

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxenbøll, Morten

    2005-01-01

    One of the primary objects of this paper has been to show how a so-called akutô was created, not on a local level by merchants or itinerant monks committing robbery and murder or by warriors or powerful peasants opposing a distant proprietor by violent means, but by the proprietor itself as part...

  11. Regnvandsbassiner virker efter hensigten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Thomas Ruby

    2009-01-01

    Forskere fra Aalborg Universitet har efter en længere periode undersøgt effekten af de regnvandsbassiner, Vejdirektoratet anlægger langs motorvejene, og nogle af undersøgelserne har fundet sted ved Årslev. Undersøgelserne viser, at størstedelen af de forurenende stoffer fra vejen bliver i bassine...

  12. Soldater efter udsendelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie; Glad, Ane; Heidemann, Julie

    Dette er den fjerde rapport i forbindelse med projektet ”Danske hjemvendte soldater”, som undersøger konsekvenserne af udsendelse for de danske soldater, der deltager i internationale militære missioner. Rapporten belyser en række aspekter af tidligere udsendte soldaters nuværende situation, bl.......a. socioøkonomiske forhold, egen vurdering af missionserfaringer og -oplevelser, sociale relationer, sygelighed, rygning og forbrug af rusmidler. Resultaterne bidrager til en nærmere forståelse af, hvordan livet former sig for soldater, efter at de har været udsendt på internationale missioner. Undersøgelsen viser...

  13. Universiteterne kan ikke styres efter markedets behov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Jørn; Dorf, Hans

    2015-01-01

    Universiteterne kan ikke styres efter markedets behov Politikerne er på fast kurs mod et fejlslået eksperiment.......Universiteterne kan ikke styres efter markedets behov Politikerne er på fast kurs mod et fejlslået eksperiment....

  14. Anstrengelsesinduceret ST-segmentdepression efter akut myokardieinfarkt. Forekomst og prognostisk betydning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Pless, P; May, O;

    1989-01-01

    On the basis of a review of 20 investigations (3,587 patients), the prevalence of significant ST-segment-depression (ST-depr) in patients performing an exercise test 9-30 days after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was found to be 33% (3-70%). The reason for the considerable variation is due...... to a combination of several factors: 1) different and frequently incomplete definition of significant ST-depr; 2) heterogenically composed patient groups (first vs subsequent AMI, different prevalence of infarct types and localization, consecutive vs selected patients, +/- cardioactive drugs during the exercise...

  15. Akut pankreatitis hos en 16-årig dreng efter indtag af ibuprofen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruusgaard-Mouritsen, Mads Emil; Leerhøy, Bonna; Hansen, Mark Berner

    2015-01-01

    This is a case report of a 16-year-old boy with possible drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) caused by ibuprofen. The patient had a history of psychiatric, but no somatic, disease, and he was admitted with a clinical presentation consistent with acute pancreatitis after a bolus ingestion of 10 g...... of ibuprofen in a suicidal attempt. No evidence of other causality for acute pancreatitis was identified. The patient was treated with a standard pancreatitis treatment regime and was discharged against medical advice after four days. The case represents a possible causality between ibuprofen and DIP....

  16. Akut koronarangiografi er indiceret ved ST-elevation efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Møller, Jacob Eifer;

    2013-01-01

    be offered to patients with a high likelihood of thrombotic coronary lesions, i.e. patients with ST-segment elevation in electrocardiogram (ECG) following resuscitation. This article suggests a triage and referral based on electronic transmission of ECG and teleconference with specialized centres in all...

  17. Blødningskomplikationer ved behandling med clopidogrel og acetylsalicylsyre efter akut koronart syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Janus; Larsen, Christian Hastrup; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The Clopidogrel in Unstable Angina to Prevent Recurrent Events (CURE) study showed that patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) benefit from combined therapy with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel. However, only...

  18. Erhvervsprognosen 18 måneder efter et streptokinasebehandlet akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jeppe Hagstrup; Ravn, Lene; Rasmussen, Søren Elkjaer;

    1996-01-01

    In order to assess the impact of thrombolytic therapy on return to work 18 months after a first myocardial infarction 32 patients treated with streptokinase were compared to 30 patients not treated with streptokinase. The study was designed as a historical cohort study. The patients in both groups......%) in the streptokinase group and 16 (53%) among controls had stopped working 18 months after their MI. An association between the treatment and the working status could not be found (relative risk = 1.0) nor could it be found if the figures were corrected for deaths and retirements because of age. In conclusion......, this study could not demonstrate any beneficial effect of thrombolytic therapy on the return to work 18 months after an initial myocardial infarction. Udgivelsesdato: 1996-Nov-11...

  19. Behandlung akuter Schmerzen in der Neurologie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franz G

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Akute Schmerzen sind das Hauptsymptom vieler neurologischer Erkrankungen und eines der wichtigsten Symptome in der Notfallmedizin. In der Akutmedizin ist der Neurologe vor allem mit Kopf- und Rückenschmerzen sowie mit Schmerzen durch Läsionen schmerzleitender Strukturen konfrontiert. Eine ausreichende Schmerztherapie ist ebenso wichtig wie die Abklärung der Schmerzursache. In diesem Artikel werden die spezifischen Akutbehandlungsregime der wichtigsten primären Kopfschmerzen sowie Empfehlungen einer allgemeinen analgetischen Notfallbehandlung beschrieben.

  20. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis; Akute disseminierte Enzephalomyelitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Politi, M.; Papanagiotou, P.; Grunwald, I.Q.; Roth, C.; Reith, W. [Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Homburg/Saar (Germany)

    2008-06-15

    Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an acute widespread autoimmune demyelinating condition, which principally affects the white matter of the brain and spinal cord. It usually follows an infection or vaccination. The typical presentation is that of multifocal neurologic disturbances accompanied by change in mental status. CSF analysis reveals lymphocytic pleocytosis and elevated protein content, but may also yield normal results. MRI is regarded as the diagnostic imaging modality of choice and typically demonstrates involvement of deep cerebral hemispheric and subcortical white matter as well as lesions in the basal ganglia, gray-white junction, diencephalon, brainstem, cerebellum and spinal cord. Unlike multiple sclerosis (MS), ADEM has a monophasic course and a favorable long-term prognosis. (orig.) [German] Die akute disseminierte Enzephalomyelitis (ADEM) ist eine akut auftretende autoimmune demylinisierende Erkrankung der weissen Substanz, die hauptsaechlich Gehirn und Rueckenmark befaellt. Ueblicherweise tritt sie nach einer Infektion oder Impfung auf. Die Entwicklung einer fokalen oder multifokalen neurologischen Funktionsstoerung ist das Kennzeichen der klinischen Praesentation der ADEM. Lymphozytaere Pleozytose und Eiweisserhoehung sind typische Befunde in der Liquoruntersuchung. Die Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) ist die Untersuchungsmethode der Wahl. Die ADEM-Laesionen sind typischerweise gross, multipel und asymmetrisch. Sie koennen in den Gross- und Kleinhirnhemisphaeren, im Hirnstamm und im Rueckenmark lokalisiert sein. Die subkortikale und die zentrale weisse Substanz sind am haeufigsten befallen. Weniger haeufig ist die graue Substanz der Thalami und der Basalganglien betroffen. Im Gegensatz zur Multiplen Sklerose (MS) ist die Prognose der ADEM im Allgemeinen guenstig. (orig.)

  1. Efter strejkerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stamhus, Jørgen; Scheuer, Steen; Christensen, Ellen Susanne

    2009-01-01

    Kan strejker betale sig? Dette klassiske spørgsmål blev rejst fra flere sider efter arbejdskonflikterne i forbindelse med overenskomstfornyelserne i den offentlige sektor foråret 2008. Spørgsmålet blev i pressen overvejende besvaret i generelle vendinger, med et bastant nej, og uden en nærmere vu...

  2. Nato efter Trump: Posen skal rystes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rynning, Sten; Ringsmose, Jens

    2017-01-01

    Efter valget af Donald Trump bør Danmark komme ind i kampen og involvere sig i Det Europæiske Forsvarsagentur EDA og søge dybere bilateral kontakt til Tyskland og Frankrig, som kommer til at være bannerførere på forsvarsområdet. Det skriver Sten Rynning og Jens Ringsmose i denne analyse.......Efter valget af Donald Trump bør Danmark komme ind i kampen og involvere sig i Det Europæiske Forsvarsagentur EDA og søge dybere bilateral kontakt til Tyskland og Frankrig, som kommer til at være bannerførere på forsvarsområdet. Det skriver Sten Rynning og Jens Ringsmose i denne analyse....

  3. Poesien efter mælet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjerkegaard, Stefan

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen forsøger at vise, hvordan den danske forfatter Per Højholt i sine sene digte arbejder videre med flere af den franske digter Stéphane Mallarmés tanker. Efter at have skrevet prosafortællinger det meste af 1980’erne vender Højholt i 1989 tilbage til digtningen, men han vender både tilbage...

  4. Akut nyresvigt og hæmolytisk anæmi efter infektiøs mononukleose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brkovic, Natasa; Jørgensen, Kit; Rosenbæk, Jeppe Bakkestrøm;

    2015-01-01

    A 19-year-old man was admitted to hospital due to fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain and faint. He was pale and icteric, awake with sufficient respiration and circulation. He had infectious mononucleosis complicated with acute oliguric renal failure and severe haemolytic anaemia with a positive Coombs...

  5. Russisk Politik i Arktis efter Ukrainekrisen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Kristian Søby; Sakstrup, Casper

    Arktis. Udviklingen af Ruslands politik i Arktis er således af afgørende betydning for rigsfællesskabet og betingelserne for dansk udenrigs- og sikkerhedspolitik. Rapporten undersøger derfor udviklingen i russisk politik i Arktis på to dimensioner – diplomati og militær – før og efter Ukrainekrisen...... diplomati fortsat kan medvirke til at fastholde Arktis som et stabilt geopolitisk område præget af relativt lav spænding....

  6. Hel igen efter amputation - og vejen dertil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Elisabeth Bomholt

    2009-01-01

    & Maclachlan 2004). Antallet af benamputationer i Danmark er steget, og skyldes i Vesten hovedsagelig (85-90%) karsygdomme, hvoraf ca. 1/3 skyldes diabetes. To af Danmarks otte folkesygdomme er netop hjertekarsygdomme og type 2-diabetes (SIF 2005), som for en stor del skyldes livsstil. I Danmark har mellem 200.000...... og 300.000 mennesker type 2- diabetes og forekomsten er kraftigt stigende og forekommer i stadig yngre aldersgrupper (Dansk Sygeplejeråd 2006) med amputation som mulig konsekvens. Formål Opnå indsigt i hvad der kan medvirke til, at mennesker kan føle sig hele igen efter en benamputation, føle sig...

  7. Das arterielle idiopathische akute spontane subdurale Hämatom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stippler M

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Das akute idiopathische spontane subdurale Hämatom ist ein seltenes Krankheitsbild. Es betrifft aber als wichtige Differentialdiagnose von nichttraumatischer Bewußtseinsstörung sowohl Neurochirurgen, Neurologen und Internisten. Vor allem eine rasche Diagnose ist erforderlich, denn nur durch eine sofortige neurochirurgische Intervention kann die ansonst infauste Prognose verbessert werden. Diese Arbeit soll anhand der Literaturrecherchen, anatomischer Untersuchung und der Präsentation eines typischen klinischen Fallbeispiels dieses Krankheitsbild wieder mehr ins Bewußtsein rücken, um den Zeitverlust durch interdisziplinäre Abklärung zu verringern.

  8. Das Akute Abdomen beim Kleintier aus chirurgischer Sicht : Eine retrospektive Studie von 2000- 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Günther, Charlotte Stefanie

    2011-01-01

    Das Akute Abdomen bezeichnet einen akut bedrohlichen Zustand mit starken (progredienten) Bauchschmerzen, der wegen der Tendenz zur raschen Verschlimmerung der unverzüglichen Abklärung bedarf. Bei der Diagnosestellung ist neben dem klinischen Bild die Bildgebung von größter Bedeutung. Das Röntgen und der Ultraschall zählen hier zu den wichtigsten Verfahren. Nach Kenntnis der Autorin ist diese Studie die erste in der veterinärmedizinischen Literatur, die die Gesamtheit aller akuten Abdomen ...

  9. Soldater - før og efter udsendelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie; Heidemann, Julie; Glad, Ane

    Denne rapport er femte del af projektet ”Danske hjemvendte soldater”. Hovedprojektets overordnede formål er at undersøge, hvilke konsekvenser udsendelse har for de danske soldater, der sendes ud til internationale militære missioner. I denne rapport undersøger vi før og efter udsendelse soldaternes...... motivationer for udsendelse samt deres økonomiske situation og kriminalitetsrate. 447 soldater, der har været udsendt til Afghanistan eller Libanon i foråret 2011 har besvaret en spørgeskemaundersøgelse før og efter deres udsendelse. Resultaterne viser, at der er forskelle i motivationer, der knytter an til....... Derudover undersøger vi i rapporten en større gruppe af soldaters kriminalitet og økonomiske situation før og efter deres første udsendelse på baggrund af registerdata fra forsvaret og Danmarks Statistik. Vi tager her udgangspunkt i de ca. 26.000 soldater, som har været udsendt i perioden 1992-2009, og...

  10. HUBUNGAN DISLIPIDEMIA, HIPERTENSI DAN DIABETES MELITUS DENGAN KEJADIAN INFARK MIOKARD AKUT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budiman Budiman

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Kasus kematian akibat penyakit tidak menular terbanyak disebabkan oleh penyakit jantung (American Heart Association, 2010. Menurut data rekam medik RSUD ’45 Kuningan pada tahun 2014 menunjukan bahwa kasus penyakit jantung dengan CFR tertinggi terjadi pada penyakit Infark miokardakut sebanyak 15 %,gagal jantung 13 % dan gangguan hantaran dan aritmia 11%.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui “hubungan dislipidemia, hipertensi dan diabetes melitus dengan kejadian infark miokard akut pada pasien rawat inap di RSUD 45 Kuningan”. Rancangan penelitian menggunakan case control. Sampel dalam penelitian ini menggunakan total sampling diambil dari data rekam medik pasien rawat inap penyakit infark miokard akut dan penyakit dalam secara berpasangan dengan teknik purposive sampling pada kontrol. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui telaah rekam medik status pasien di RSUD ’45 Kuningan dengan menggunakan data sekunder. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat dengan menggunakan uji Chi Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukan ada hubungan yang bermakna antara dislipidemia (p value = 0.0001, hipertensi (p value = 0.003 dan diabetes melitus (p value = 0.0001 dengan kejadian infark miokard akut. Diharapkan untuk melakukan penelitian lebih lanjut mengenai cara–cara yang tepat untuk mengurangi penyebaran penyakit tidak menular khususnya penyakit jantung ini.Kata Kunci: Infark miokrad akut, dislipidemia, hipertensi, diabetes mellitus

  11. Fallbericht: Akute embolisch bedingte Mesenterialischämie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wallner H

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available bVorgeschichte/bbr Der 76 Jahre alte Patient (182 cm, 78 kg wurde vom Krankenhaus Mittersill bei akutem Abdomen und sonographisch drin-gendem Verdacht eines Verschlusses der A. mesenterica superior zugewiesen. Die Symptome traten nach dem Mittagessenauf. Bei dem Pat. ist auch ein chronisches Vorhofflimmern bekannt, wobei aufgrund rezidivierender Glaskörperblutungenvon einer oralen Antikoagulation abgesehen wurde. Der Pat. wurde stattdessen mit 100 mg Acetylsalicylsäure behandelt. CT des Abdomens nativ und mit Kontrastmittel. Es bestätigt sich der auswärts gestellte Verdacht eines thrombotischen Verschlusses der A. mesenterica superior ca. 5 cm nach dem Abgang. Vereinzelte jejunale Äste sind perfundiertdargestellt. Der Truncus coeliacus und die A. mesenterica inferior zeigen keinen zusätzlichen thrombotischen Verschluss.AngiographieVergleichbar zum CT-Angiogramm zeigt sich etwa 5 cm nachdem Ursprung ein prompter Verschluss des Hauptstamms derA. mesenterica superior. In den späten Füllungsphasen Darstellung peripherer Arkadengefäße.br bDiskussion/bbr Der Pat. leidet an einer akuten Mesenterialischämie mit embolisch bedingtem Verschluss der A. mesenterica superior kurznach dem Abgang aus der Aorta abdominalis. Als Grunderkrankung bestand ein chronisches Vorhofflimmern ohneorale Antikoagulation bei relativer Kontraindikation mit rezi-divierenden Glaskörperblutungen. Aufgrund des duplexsono-graphischen Befundes mit einem Stoppsignal in der proxima-len A. mesenterica superior wurde unmittelbar eine Kontrast-studie mittels Multidetektor-CT durchgeführt. Hier wurde derVerdacht bestätigt.Bei dem Pat. erfolgte eine akute Angiographie sowie eine per-kutane transluminale Angioplastie mit Zweifachstentimplantation. Aufgrund des steilen Abgangswinkels der A. mesenterica superior war neben einem transfemoralen Zugang vonrechts auch ein transbrachialer Zugang rechts erforderlich.Mit einer Zweidrahttechnik unter Verwendung von

  12. Brauchen wir die kardiale Magnetresonanzuntersuchung zur frühzeitigen nicht-invasiven Differenzierung zwischen akuter Virusmyokarditis und akutem Koronarsyndrom im klinischen Alltag?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafner T

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Patienten, bei denen der Verdacht auf eine akute Virusmyokarditis besteht und die eine Enzymauslenkung haben, haben nur relativ selten ein akutes Koronarsyndrom, eine routinemäßige Koronarangiographie scheint daher nicht gerechtfertigt. Ein abwartendes Procedere mit 6–8 Wochen körperlicher Schonung und anschließender Ergometrie zum Ausschluss einer koronaren Herzkrankheit scheint jedoch angesichts der erwiesenen Vorteile einer raschen invasiven Abklärung akuter Koronarsyndrome ebenfalls nicht vertretbar. Mit der vorliegenden Arbeit konnten wir zeigen, dass bei Patienten mit Verdacht auf akute Virusmyokarditis und Enzymauslenkung mit Hilfe der kardialen Magnetresonanzuntersuchung in 80 % der Fälle frühzeitig eine definitive Diagnose (Myokarditis oder akutes Koronarsyndrom vergeben wurde, während in einem vergleichbaren Patientenkollektiv vor Einführung der kardialen Magnetresonanzuntersuchung nur 14 % der Patienten frühzeitig eine definitive Diagnose (akutes Koronarsyndrom erhielten.

  13. Udvikling af antistoffer efter vaccination mod og podning med PRRSV

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne Kristensen, Charlotte; Qvist Pawlowski, Mia; Thoning, Henrik;

    SEGES Videncenter for Svineproduktion har undersøgt, om det er muligt at opnå den samme udvikling i antistoffer i grise, der var dobbelt-vaccineret med MLV-vaccine mod både PRRSV Type 1 og Type 2 samtidig, sammenlignet med grise, der kun havde fået den ene af vaccinerne. Ud fra forsøget kan vi...... konkludere, at det er muligt at vaccinere med begge PRRS vacciner på samme tid og opnå antistofsvar for begge typer PRRSV. Husk dog altid at give forskellige vacciner i hver sin side af nakken. Blodprøver fra grisene viste, at de havde dannet antistoffer og blev positive i ELISA-testen for PRRSV Type 1 21......-35 dage og PRRSV Type 2 6-14 dage efter vaccination. I IPT-testen testede grisene positive 6-14 dage efter vaccination. Den østeuropæiske PRRSV Type 1 subtype 2 (PRRSV Type Øst), som 1/3 af grisene blev podet med, gav ligeledes anledning til antistofudvikling, der kunne måles i både ELISA-EU og ELISA...

  14. Das Low-T3-Syndrom bei Patienten mit akuter Pankreatitis

    OpenAIRE

    Kömpf, Vera Carolin

    2014-01-01

    Die akute Pankreatitis weist bei einem schweren Verlauf nach wie vor eine hohe Letalität auf. Vor allem bei der akuten nekrotisierenden Pankreatitis kommt es zu Komplikationen wie infizierten Nekrosen und Multiorganversagen. Hinzu kommen weitere Phänomene, die auch bei anderen schweren Erkrankungen auftreten und zu einem ungünstigen Verlauf der Grunderkrankung führen. Das Non-Thyroidal-Illness-Syndrom, das bei vielen intensivpflichtigen Erkrankungen auftritt, ist eines davon. In der vorlie...

  15. Steroidbehandling og risiko for glaukom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Peter; Krag, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    The risk of steroid-induced elevation of intraocular pressure and glaucoma is clinical relevant and require monitoring of patients at risk. The risk depends on route of administration, potency and individual risk factors such as primary open glaucoma (POAG), first-degree relative with POAG, age...

  16. Øget overgang til eud efter avu

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pless, Mette; Louw, Arnt Vestergaard

    Projektet er en del af undervisningsministeriets forsøgs- og udviklingsprogram og er konkret en del af rammeforsøget: "Øget fokus på overgang til eud efter avu". Formålet med forsøget har været at: 1) Øge avu-kursisters overgang til gennemførelse af erhvervsuddannelse. 2) Opnå viden om effekten a...... fra avu til eud. På den baggrund har CeFU foretager en forskningsbaseret evaluering, der vurderer projektets samlede erfaringer og resultater og dets fremadrettede potentiale i relation til avu-områdets udvikling. Rapporten konkluderer, at der er gode potentialer i at arbejde med tonede...

  17. EFEK ANALGETIK DAN TOKSISITAS AKUT EKSTRAK RIMPANG DRINGO (Acorus calamus L. PADA HEWAN COBA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sa'roni Sa'roni

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Secara empiris/tradisional rimpang dringo (Acorus calamus L. digunakan sebagai obat encok (reumatik, bengkak, demam, dll. Rimpang dringo, antara lain mengandung minyak atsiri, tanin, protein dan kalsium oksalat. Berdasarkan pemakaian empiris dan kandungan kimianya terutama minyak atsiri diduga rimpang dringo mempunyai efek terhadap susunan saraf pusat antara lain efek analgetik. Untuk membuktikan adanya efek analgetik, maka dilakukan penelitian efek analgetik ekstrak rimpang dringo pada mencit menurut cara Witkin dengan dosos 0,15 mg, 1,5 mg dan 4,5 mg /10g.bb. serta penelitian toksisitas akut menurut Weil C.S untuk mengetahui besarnya LD50 ekstrak rimpang dringo.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak rimpang dringo dosis 0,15 mg/10 g.bb belum mempunyai efek analgetik. Ekstrak rimpang dringo dosis 1,5 mg dan 4,5 mg /10 g.bb mempunyai efek analgetik yang tidak berbeda dengan asetosal dosis 0,52 mg/10 g.bb. Ekstrak rimpang dringo mempunyai LD50 = 15,2 (13,4 - 17,3 mg/10 g.bb. secara i.p. pada mencit. Kata kunci: Acorus calamus L; Analgetik; Toksisitas Akut

  18. Akut psykose ved ophør af langvarig tramadolbehandling − overser vi tramadols serotonerge virkning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard Rathe, Jette; Dideriksen, Dorthe; Carstens, Jan;

    2016-01-01

    I denne artikel præsenteres en sygehistorie, hvor en ældre kvinde får tiltagende konfusion og psykotiske symptomer en uge efter seponering af højdosis-tramadol og skift til Contalgin. Disse mulige seponeringssymptomer kan skyldes abrupt ophør af tramadols serotonerge effekt, og forfatterne...... konkluderer, at man må have skærpet opmærksomhed på atypiske bivirkninger i forbindelse med seponering af især langvarig/høj-dosering af tramadol, særligt hvis symptomerne ikke umiddelbart svinder ved morfinsubstitution....

  19. Upaya Peningkatan Status Gizi Balita Malnutrisi Akut Berat Melalui Program Home Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitri Haryanti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Malnutrisi pada balita masih merupakan permasalahan di Indonesia termasuk di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Berdasarkan indikator berat badan menurut tinggi badan, 2,6% balita mengalami malnutrisi akut berat. Pada beberapa dekade terakhir, telah terjadi pergeseran paradigma dalam penanganan balita malnutrisi, yang sebelumnya berbasis pendekatan fasilitas kesehatan bergeser menjadi pendekatan berbasis komunitas. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh program home care terhadap peningkatan status gizi balita malnutrisi pada anak usia 6-60 bulan. Penelitian menggunakan desain kuasi eksperimen dengan pretest dan posttest control group melalui tiga tahap pendampingan yaitu intensif, mandiri, dan penguatan dengan pendekatan asuhan keperawatan. Sampel adalah 56 balita malnutrisi akut di dua wilayah, yaitu 33 balita di Kota Yogyakarta (eksperimen dan 23 balita di Kabupaten Sleman (kontrol dengan teknik pengambilan sampel yaitu purposive sampling. Intervensi home care diberikan selama tiga 3 bulan (Januari sampai Maret 2013. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan setelah program home care, terjadi peningkatan yang signifikan pada status gizi balita (p < 0,05. Pada akhir intervensi, terjadi penurunan kejadian malnutrisi akut berat dari 100% menjadi 56,7% (p < 0,05. Improving Nutritional Status of Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition Through Home Care Program Children undernutrition is still an issue in Indonesia, including in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Based on weight for height indicator, 2.6% children experience severe acute malnutrition. In the last few decades, there has been a paradigm shift in the management of acute malnutrition from a facility- based to community-centered approach. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of home care intervention on the improvement of nutritional status of severe acute malnutrition children aged 6-60 months. This study was designed with quasi-experimental and pretest-posttest control

  20. Den, der vasker gulv efter Teologisk Forenings julefest, kommer i munkekloster i Nordcalifornien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tillisch, Rose Marie

    2009-01-01

    beskriver mødet med klosterlivet i et cisterciensisk-trappist kloster. Sammen med sin kollega, Aage Rydstrøm-Poulsen, drager forfatteren efter konferencen i 2009 til Nordcalifornien, hvor de er blevet indbudt af et munkekloster, Vina, til at komme og holde foredrag. Udgivelsesdato: september 2009...

  1. Tænk ikke, men se efter! - Wittgensteins brug af eksemplet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krause-Jensen, Niels Henrik

    2016-01-01

    I dette kapitel er ærindet at præsentere en filosofisk metode, som på en langt mere gennemgribende måde end vanligt orienterer sig efter eksempler. Udgangspunktet er sprogfilosoffen Ludwig Wittgensteins tænkning, hvor det vises, at der er noget ganske særligt på spil: Eksempler bruges ikke til...

  2. Overvågning af bæver Castor fiber efter reintroduktion på Klosterheden Statsskovdistrikt 1999

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berthelsen, J. P.

    I nærværende rapport beskrives de første resultater efter reintroduktion af bævere i Danmark i oktober 1999, efter at arten har været forsvundet fra landet i flere tusinde år. Rapporten beskriver status over dyrenes adfærd, biologiske og hydrologiske forhold i udsætningsområderne samt påvirkninge...

  3. Clinical aspects of acute inflammatory diseases of the brain; Klinisch-neurologische Aspekte akut-entzuendlicher Hirnerkrankungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Block, F.; Nolden-Koch, M. [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Neurologische Klinik

    2000-11-01

    Despite the progress, which has been made in diagnosis and therapy of encephalitis and bacterial meningitis, these acute inflammatory diseases of the brain still display a certain amount of morbidity and mortality. History, physical examination, analysis of serum and cerebrospinal fluid and radiological examination are the mainstay for the diagnosis of these diseases. With respect to the acute inflammatory diseases of the brain computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging fulfil three purposes: 1. They can be used to clarify the diagnosis and to rule out other diseases. 2. They can identify the focus from which a bacterial meningitis can evolve. 3. Complications like edema, cerebral vasculitis, septic sinus thrombosis, hydrocephalus or abscess can be visualized. If the diagnosis is made early, the possible complications are recognized in good time and the appropriate therapy is started immediately, then morbidity and mortality can be kept at a minimum. (orig.) [German] Die bakterielle Meningitis und die Enzephalitis sind akut-entzuendliche Hirnerkrankungen, die trotz aller Fortschritte in der Diagnostik und Therapie mit einer nicht unerheblichen Morbiditaet und Mortalitaet behaftet sind. Die Anamnese, die koerperliche Untersuchung, die laborchemische Diagnostik von Blut und Liquor und die Bildgebung sind die wesentlichen Saeulen in der Diagnostik akut-entzuendlicher Hirnerkrankungen. Die Bildgebung, die mittels Computertomographie bzw. Kernspintomographie erfolgt, hat in diesem Zusammenhang 3 Aufgaben: 1. Sie kann dazu beitragen, die Diagnose zu sichern bzw. differentialdiagnostisch in Erwaegung zu ziehende Erkrankungen auszuschliessen oder nachzuweisen. 2. Sie kann bei der bakteriellen Meningitis entzuendliche Foci im Bereich der Nasennebenhoehlen, des Mastoids oder des Mittelohrs erkennen, die sofort operativ saniert werden muessen. 3. Komplikationen akut-entzuendlicher Hirnerkrankungen koennen bei entsprechendem klinischem Verdacht mittels Bildgebung

  4. Akut aortasyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hill-Madsen, Louise; Brodersen, Katrine; Høgh, Annette

    2016-01-01

    diagnosis and treatment can be fatal. Computed tomography angiography is the most important diagnostic tool and is the first choice when acute aortic syndrome is suspected. With this article, we wish to raise awareness of the incidence of acute aortic syndrome and the clinical features of the syndrome....

  5. Efek Anti Radang dan Toksisitas Akut Ekstrak Daun Jintan (Plectranthus amboinicus pada Tikus yang Diinduksi Arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lailatul Muniroh

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Tanaman Jintan (Plectranthus amboinicus dikenal sebagai tanaman bangun-bangun, dikenal sebagai salah satu tanaman berkhasiat obat bagi masyarakat Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis aktivitas ekstrak daun jintan dan mengetahui efek toksisitas akut pada tikus putih yang diinduksi arthritis. Ekstrak dari daun jintan segar disarikan dengan metode maserasi ethanol 96%, dan diencerkan dengan larutan CMC-Na. Tikus putih Wistar jantan dan betina, umur 2-3 bulan dibagi 5 kelompok: Kontrol, induksi arthritis (P1, induksi artritis dan ekstrak daun jintan dosis 19 g/kgBB (P2, induksi artritis dan ekstrak daun jintan dosis 38 g/kgBB (P3 dan kelompok obat allopurinol 2,5 mg/kgBB (P4. Seluruh kelompok tikus diinduksi arthritis menggunakan uric acid2% dan oxonic acid1,5% per oralselama 15 hari berturut-turut. Setelah terbentuk lesi arthritis, diberikan ekstrak daun jintan secara intra peritoneal selama 7 hari. Sampel serum darah diambil sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan untuk mengukur konsentrasi monosodium urea (MSU. Uji toksisitas akut menggunakan 4 kelompok tikus putih Wistar jantan dan betina yang diberi ekstrak daun jintan mulai dosis 1900 mg/kg BB, 3800 mg/kgBB dan 5000 mg/kgBB.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ekstrak daun jintan secara kualitatif mempunyai kandungan senyawa Flavonoid, Saponin, Polifenol, Terpen dan Antrakuinon. Uji aktivitas ekstrak daun jintan memperlihatkan penurunan konsentrasi MSU (p 0,05 sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan. Uji toksisitas akut ekstrak daun jintan tidak menimbulkan kematian 50% (LD50 dan tidak menimbulkan gejala toksik, gangguan syarafi dan penurunan aktivitas pada semua kelompok perlakuan sehingga ekstrak daun jintan dapat digolongkan sebagai bahan yang “praktis tidak toksik”. Abstract Anti Inflammation Effects and Acute Toxicity of Jintan Leaves (Plectranthus amboinicus Extract on Arthritis Induced Rats.Jintan plant (Plectranthus amboinicus is known as bangun-bangun plant and known as one of medicinal

  6. Vurdering af materialers bestandighed i efter- og højisolerede huse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lohse, U.

    Ud fra fire eksempler på efterisolerede bygninger er undersøgt om efterisoleringen har medført fugtskader og usædvanlig hurtig nedbrydning af byggematerialerne. De samme forhold er undersøgt på en bygning, der er opført som et lavenergihus. En inspektion 3-12 år efter foranstaltningernes gennemfø...

  7. CT findings in acute small bowel diverticulitis; Computertomographie bei akuter Duenndarmdivertikulitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferstl, F.J.; Obert, R. [Radiologisch-Nuklearmedizinisches Zentrum (RNZ) am St. Theresienkrankenhaus Nuernberg (Germany)

    2004-02-01

    Small bowel diverticulitis is a rare cause of an acute abdomen. Originating from acquired diverticula of the jejunum, less often of the ileum, or Meckel diverticulum, the symptoms are non-specific, simulating other acute inflammatory disorders, such as appendicitis, cholecystitis or colonic diverticulitis. The diagnosis of small bowel diverticulitis is solely based on radiologic findings, with computed tomography (CT) regarded as the method of choice. In recent years, a number of case reports have described the spectrum of the CT features in acute small bowel diverticulitis and its dependence on the severity of the inflammatory process. Typical findings are an inflamed diverticulum, inflammatory mesenteric infiltration, extraluminal gas collection and mural edema of adjacent small bowel loops with resultant separation of bowel loops. An enterolith is rarely found in an inflamed diverticulum. Complications include abscesses, fistulae, small bowel obstruction and free perforation with peritonitis. Small bowel diverticulitis can be a diagnostic problem if it involves the terminal ileum or Meckel's diverticulum. For preoperative confirmation of the presumed diagnosis of small bowel diverticulitis on CT, an enteroclysis for acquired diverticula or a technetium scan for Meckel's diverticulum should be performed. We present the CT findings in three patients of acute small bowel diverticulitis, two affecting the jejunum and one a Meckel's diverticulum. (orig.) [German] Die akute Duenndarmdivertikulitis ist eine seltene Ursache eines akuten Abdomens. Ausgehend von den erworbenen Divertikeln des Jejunums, seltener des Ileums, oder von einem Meckel-Divertikel, manifestiert sich die Divertikulitis klinisch durch eine unspezifische Symptomatik, die zuerst an die haeufigeren, akutentzuendlichen Erkrankungen des Abdomens wie z. B. Appendizitis, Cholezystitis oder Kolondivertikulitis denken laesst. Die Duenndarmdivertikulitis kann praeoperativ nur durch

  8. Gambaran Kadar Troponin T dan Creatinin Kinase Myocardial Band pada Infark Miokard Akut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rendi Dwi Prasetyo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakInfark Miokard Akut (IMA adalah kematian sel miokardium akibat terlepasnya plak aterosklerotik dari salah satu arteri koroner yang mencetuskan terjadinya agregasi trombosit, pembentukan trombus, dan spasme koroner. Diagnosis IMA dapat dilakukan dengan cara: anamnesis, abnormalitas Elektrokardiogram (EKG, peningkatan Creatinin Kinase Myocardial Band (CKMB, dan cardiac specific troponin (cTnT. Diagnosis IMA dapat ditegakkan jika terdapat minimal dua dari tiga kriteria yang harus dipenuhi, yaitu: anamnesis, abnormalitas EKG, dan peningkatan aktivitas enzim jantung. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran kadar troponin T dan CKMB pada pasien IMA di RS. Dr. M. Djamil Padang periode 1 Januari 2012 - 31 Desember 2012. Penelitian dilakukan secara retrospektif deskriptif terhadap 54 sampel rekam medik pasien IMA yang dirawat inap di bagian penyakit dalam dan jantung RS. Dr. M. Djamil Padang periode 1 Januari 2012 - 31 Desember 2012. Kadar troponin T diperiksa dengan metode chemiluminescent dan CKMB diperiksa dengan metode enzymatic immunoassay with serum start. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan umur terbanyak pasien IMA adalah 40-60 tahun berjumlah 30 orang (55,56%. Jenis kelamin terbanyak pasien IMA adalah laki-laki berjumlah 39 orang (72,22%. Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar CKMB ≥24 U/L berjumlah 35 orang (64,82%. Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar troponin T ≥0,1 ng/mL berjumlah 44 orang (81,48%. Didapatkan peningkatan kadar troponin T dan CKMB pada pasien IMA.Kata kunci: infark miokard akut, troponin t, CKMBAbstractAcute Myocardial Infarction (AMI is a muscle necrosis of the heart caused by rupture atherosclerotic plaque from one of coronary artery that cause platelet aggregation, thrombus formation, and coronary spasm. Diagnosis of AMI can be made by some way : anamnesis, electrocardiogram (ECG abnormalities, increase levels of creatinine kinase myocardial band (CKMB and cardiac specific troponin (cTnT. Diagnosis of AMI can be

  9. Forestillingen om mødet efter døden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moestrup, Lene

    2016-01-01

    Forskning viser, at relationer med andre mennesker konstituerer en signifikant kilde til mening for palliative patienter og deres pårørende. Gennem narrativ analyse af empiri, genereret gennem interviews og deltagerobservation på danske hospicer, demonstreres det i artiklen, hvordan patienter på...... hospice og deres pårørende uanset religiøst tilhørsforhold fokuserer på at konstruere meningsskabende fortællinger om en fortsat forbindelse efter døden....

  10. Cerebrolysin bei Schädel-Hirn-Trauma - Eine neurotrope und neurogene Substanz in der Initialbehandlung akuter Schädel-Hirn-Verletzungen

    OpenAIRE

    König P; Waanders R; Witzmann A; Lanner G; Haffner Z; Haninec P; Gmeinbauer R; Zimmermann-Meinzingen S

    2006-01-01

    Schädel-Hirn-Verletzungen (SHV, SHT) und daraus resultierende akute wie chronische Traumafolgen werden von der WHO als eine der größten Gesundheitsschädigungen weltweit angesehen. Alle Therapeutika, die dazu beitragen, die Folgen eines SHT zu reduzieren, sind daher von besonderem theoretischem wie praktischem Interesse. Cerebrolysin ist ein standardisiert aus Schweinehirn gewonnenes Peptidgemisch, dessen Eiweißkörper aufgrund ihres niedrigen Molekulargewichtes die Bluthirnschranke zu passie...

  11. Anwendung von Hydroxyethylstärke 200/0.5 (Infukoll HES 10%) bei gesunden Pferden und Pferden mit Kolik oder akuter Kolitis

    OpenAIRE

    Rieckhoff, Karin

    2004-01-01

    In einer kontrollierten Studie an gesunden Pferden wurde die Pharmakokinetik von Infukoll HES 10% untersucht und dessen klinische Wirksamkeit in unterschiedlichen Dosierungen mit der von isotoner und hypertoner NaCl-Lösung verglichen. In einer darauffolgenden prospektiven klinischen Untersuchung an Pferden mit akuter Kolitis oder Ileus konnte die Wirksamkeit des Plasmaexpanders am Pferdepatienten dokumentiert werden. Die Versuchsgruppe, bestehend aus 6 Warmblut-Stuten, nahm an 5 Versuchsreihe...

  12. Perawatan Kandidiasis Pseuodomembran Akut dan Mukositis Oral pada Penderita Kanker Nasofaring yang Menerima Khemoterapi dan Radioterapi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Supriatno

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang: Terapi radiasi merupakan metode primer perawatan pasien kanker leher dan kepala. Perubahan funsional dan kerusakan jaringan oral menyebabkan timbulnya mukositia oral yang diikuti dengan kandidiasis oral. Tujuan: Melaporkan efek samping perawatan khemoterapi dan radioterapi pada pasien kanker nasofaring yang terjadi di rongga mulut berupa kandidiasis pseudomembran akut dan mukositis oral serta penatalaksanaannya. Kasus: Seorang laki-laki, 69 tahun, datang ke Bagian Gigi dan Mulut RSUP Dr. Sardjito, atas rujukan dari instalasi Penyakit Dalam., RSUP Dr. Sardjito, dengan keluhan sakit untuk menelan makanan dan mulutnya banyak bercak-bercak putih. Keluhan dirasakan satu minggu setelah dilakukan khemoterapi ke-3 dan radioterapi ke-9. Pasien didiagnosa kanker nasofaring (NPC dengan klasifikasi T2N3M0. Pemeriksaan klinik menunjukkan adanya lapisan putih pada mukosa lidah, pipi, palatum, dan mukosa bibir. Seluruh mukosa mulut berwarna merah tua dan terdapat anguler cheilitis di kedua sudut bibir. Pasien diklasifikasikan menderita mukositis oral derajat 1. Penatalaksanaan: Menghilangkan jaringan nekrotik dan debris dengan berkumur larutan perhidrol 3% dan pemberian medikasi termasuk tablet nistatin 500.000 IU, betadin kumur, dan larutan perhidrol 3% selama 1 minggu. Saat reevaluasi, pasien sudah dapat menelan dan makan yang sedikit keras tanpa ada rasa sakit lagi. Pemeriksaan klinis didapatkan bercak putih di lidah, palatum, pipi dan bibir sudah tidak ada. Warna mukosa oral telah normal, OHI dan kondisi umum baik dalam 1 minggu pasca perawatan. Kesimpulan: Perawatan kandidiasis dan mukositis oral akibat kemoradioterapi pada pasien kanker nasofaring telah berhasil dan kondisi oral membaik. Pasien dapat mengunyah dan menelan makanan tanpa ada rasa sakit, dan hasil pengobatan yang diberikan pada pasien sesuai dengan harapan operator.   Background: Radiation therapy remains the primary method of treatment for patients with head and neck

  13. Perawatan Saluran Akar Multi Kunjungan Protaper Rotary Files Single Cone pada Nekrosis Pulpa Disertai Asses Dentoalveolar Akut (terhadap Gigi Molar Pertama Kiri Mandibula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Billy Sujatmiko

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang. Perawatan saluran akar multi kunjungan merupakan perawatan endodonlik yang diperuntukan untuk kasus-kasus yang memerlukan proses penyembuhan antar kunjungan dan di peruntukan untuk lesi-Iesi akut dan merupakan kotra indikasi perawatan saluran akar satu kunjungan. Tujuan. Kasus ini adalah untuk untuk menginformasikan hasil evaluasi perawatan saluran akar multi kunjungan pada gigi molar pertama kiri mandibula yang nekrosis pulpa dengan abses dentoalveolar akut. Kasus. Pasien perempuan berusia 20 tahun datang ke klinik Konservasi Gigi RSGM FKG UGM ingin merawat gigi bawah kiri yang mengalami rasa sa kit aku!. Berdasarkan pemeriksaan subyektif, obyektif dan radiografis diperoleh diagnosis gigi molar pertama kiri mandibula nekrosis pulpa dengan abses dentoalviolar akut. Penanganan. Perawatan yang dilakukan perawatan saluran akar multi kunjungan protaper rotary files, kunjungan sebanyak 3 kali kunjungan dan diobturasi dengan metode single cone dan kemudian dilanjutkan dengan perawatan crown lengthening pemasangan pasak radix anchor, pembuatan inti dan pembuatan jaket full crown fused to metal. Hasil. Evaluasi klinis pad a waktu kontrol gigi menunjukkan perkusi, palpasi sudah tidak terasa sakit pemeriksaan radiografi menunjukkan sudah tidak ada kelainan gambaran radiolusen.

  14. Efter mindfulness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stjernholm, Ole; Ehrensvärd, Martin Gustaf

    Tematiserer nogle af de udfordringer, der møder dig, som regelmæssigt praktiserer mindfulness og kommer med bud på, hvad bevidsthedens vaner og mønstre betyder for dybden af stilhed - og hvordan man kan arbejde med den viden.......Tematiserer nogle af de udfordringer, der møder dig, som regelmæssigt praktiserer mindfulness og kommer med bud på, hvad bevidsthedens vaner og mønstre betyder for dybden af stilhed - og hvordan man kan arbejde med den viden....

  15. Efter strejkerne -

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stamhus, Jørgen; Scheuer, Steen; Christensen, Susanne

    opnåede, og hvad konflikterne kostede. Konklusionen er, at nogle strejker betaler sig, andre ikke. Det lykkedes for FOA, der også havde en stærk indirekte politisk opbakning i opspillet til de egentlige overenskomstforhandlinger, at skabe et positivt resultat, der inden for en tre års periode overgår...

  16. Efter selskabsreformen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen behandler de skatteretlige konsekvenser af den del af den store danske selskabsreform 2009/10, som fremtidigt tillader aktionær-, anpartshaver- og ledelseslån, når nogle grundlæggende betingelser er opfyldt. Nogle skatteretlige konsekvensændringer (en ny bestemmelse i ligningslovens § 16...

  17. Hubungan Kadar Gula Darah saat Masuk Rumah Sakit dengan Jenis Sindroma Koroner Akut di RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willy Valerian

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSindrom Koroner Akut (SKA merupakan spektrum dari penyakit arteri koroner yang tidak stabil, mulai dari angina pektoris tidak stabil sampai infark miokardium. SKA terbagi atas Unstable Angina Pectoris (UAP, ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan hubungan antara kadar gula darah saat masuk rumah sakit dan jenis SKA. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross sectional. Penelitian dilakukan di Instalasi Rekam Medik RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang dengan mengambil data pasien SKA dari Januari 2012 sampai Desember 2012. Hasil penelitian ini didapatkan jenis SKA dengan gula darah yang tidak normal dari 60 sampel, yaitu: UAP 25%, NSTEMI 35%, STEMI 40%. Hasil pengolahan data dapat dilihat bahwa nilai p = 0,592 yang artinya tidak terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara kadar gula darah saat masuk rumah sakit dengan jenis SKA. Hal ini terjadi mungkin karena terlalu sedikitnya sampel dan banyak sampel kriteria ekslusi dalam pencarian data. Sebaiknya dalam penelitian yang akan datang dapat memperbanyak sampel.Kata kunci: sindrom koroner akut, kadar gula darah, hubungan kadar gula darah dengan SKA AbstractAcute Coronary Syndrome (ACS is a spectrum of coronary artery disease that is not stable, ranging from unstable angina to myocardial infarction. Acute Coronary Syndrome is divided into Unstable Angina Pectoris (UAP, ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between blood sugar levels when admitted to hospital and Acute Coronary Syndrome type by using cross sectional study. The study was conducted at the Medical Records RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang. The ACS data collected from January 2012 until December 2012. The results of this study was found the SKA with abnormal blood sugar of 60 samples, i.e. UAP25%, NSTEMI35%, 40% STEMI. On the results of data

  18. Hubungan Faktor Risiko Terhadap Kejadian Sindroma Koroner Akut pada Pasien Dewasa Muda di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anggita Tiara Pramadiaz

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSumatera Barat merupakan provinsi dengan prevalensi penyakit jantung tertinggi ke-4 di Indonesia. Sindroma Koroner Akut (SKA merupakan suatu spektrum perjalanan aterosklerosis pada Penyakit Jantung Koroner (PJK. Prevalensi penyakit ini meningkat diperkirakan karena faktor risiko seperti; jenis kelamin, riwayat keluarga, diabetes melitus, hipertensi, dislipidemia dan merokok. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan hubungan faktor risiko dengan kejadian SKA pada dewasa muda..Ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan desain potong lintang yang dilakukan di RSUP.M. Djamil Padang dari Juni 2014 sampai Oktober 2014. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh pasien SKA berusia < 45 tahun yang dirawat dari 1 Januari 2011 – 31 Desember 2013 sebanyak 66 orang sebagai subjek penelitian. Data  pasien didapatkan dari rekam medik. Data dideskripsikan dengan tabel dan dianalisis dengan uji chi-square dan regresi logistik.Distribusi frekuensi terbanyak pasien SKA terdapat pada laki-laki (74,2%, riwayat merokok (63,6% dan hipertensi (37,9%. Hasil uji chi-square menunjukan terdapat hubungan antara hipertensi dan riwayat keluarga dengan kejadian SKA pada dewasa muda.Pasien dewasa muda dengan hipertensi berisiko terkena SKA 0,301 kali lebih besar.Hipertensi merupakan faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap kejadian SKA pada pasien dewasa muda.Kata kunci: sindroma koroner akut, penyakit jantung koroner, faktor risiko AbstractWest Sumatra is the 4th highest province in prevalence of heart disease in Indonesia. Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS is a spectrum of atherosclerosis in Cardiac Heart Disease (CHD. The prevalence of this disease has increased related to risk factors,such as; gender, family history, diabetes mellitus, hypertension  and smoking. The objective of tthis study was to determine the relationship of risk factors of ACS in young adults.This was an analytic observational cross-sectional design conducted at Dr.M. Djamil Padang

  19. PERBANDINGAN KEJADIAN INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAPASAN AKUT (ISPA PADA PUSKESMAS I UBUD DAN PUSKESMAS II DENPASAR SELATAN JANUARI – OKTOBER 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Luh Guantari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA merupakan penyakit dengan kejadian yang cukup tinggi di lingkungan tropis, salah satunya di Indonesia. Menurut UNICEF tahun 2001, kejadian ISPA dipengaruhi faktor lingkungan. Berdasarkan hal tersebut, maka penelitian ini dilakukan pada tempat dengan karakteristik lingkungan yang berbeda yaitu di wilayah kerja Puskesmas I Ubud dan Puskesmas II Denpasar Selatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk  mengetahui pola distribusi ISPA di kedua puskesmas tersebut. Metode penelitian adalah deskriptif potong lintang dengan melihat jumlah insiden, perbandingan kasus berdasarkan jenis kelamin, umur dan distribusi tiap bulan. Hasil penelitian didapatkan insiden ISPA di Puskesmas II Denpasar Selatan cenderung lebih tinggi (21,9 % dibandingkan dengan Puskesmas I Ubud (13,5 %. Distribusi tiap bulan berfluktuasi namun cenderung tinggi pada awal tahun. Kejadian ISPA relatif sama antara laki-laki dan perempuan.  Pneumonia hanya ditemukan pada usia kurang dari 5 tahun  dan kejadian pneumonia di Puskesmas II Denpasar Selatan cenderung lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan Puskesmas I Ubud. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah kejadian ISPA di Puskesmas II Denpasar Selatan (urban cenderung lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan Puskesmas I Ubud (rural, dimana perbedaan ini kemungkinan disebabkan oleh perbedaan letak geografis dan tingkat polusi.

  20. Anafylaksi efter bi- eller hvepsestik i Region Syddanmark i perioden 2008-2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oropeza, Athamaica Ruiz; Mikkelsen, Søren; Bindslev-Jensen, Carsten;

    intramuskulær adrenalin (64 % ifølge Sampson’s skala og 76 % ifølge Muraro’s). Af de 38 patienter der blev set i Odense fik 66 % intravenøs (IV) binyrebarkhormon, 63 % IV antihistamin og 5 % IV adrenalin (blandt dem med moderat til svær anafylaksi fik op til 77 % IV binyrebarkhormon og op til 82 % IV...... antihistamin). Blandt de 55 patienter i resten af Region Syddanmark fik 80 % IV binyrebarkhormon, 78 % IV antihistamin og 7 % IV adrenalin (blandt dem med moderat til svær anafylaksi fik op til 94 % IV binyrebarkhormon og op til 90 %, IV antihistamin). Af dem der fik IV adrenalin havde 2 ud af 2 tidligere fået...... intramuskulær adrenalin i Odense-området og 1 ud af 4 i resten af Region Syddanmark. Konklusion: Over 50 % af de reporterede tilfælde af allergi efter bi- og hvepsestik kunne gradueres som moderat til svær anafylaksi. Lang de fleste fik behandling med IV binyrebarkhormon og antihistamin, men kun omkring 50 % af...

  1. Danske hjemvendte soldater. Soldaternes psykiske sundhedsprofil før og efter udsendelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie; Heidemann, Julie; Glad, Ane

    Formålet med denne rapport er at undersøge den psykiske sundhedsprofil blandt danske soldater, der har været sendt ud til internationale missioner. Rapporten belyser soldaternes psykiske mén i form af psykiatriske diagnoser og kontakter til det psykiatriske sundhedssystem, køb af medicin mod...... psykiske sygdomme, misbrugsbehandling og anmeldte arbejdsskader. Desuden undersøges dødelighed efter udsendelse. Analyserne er baseret på registerdata fra forsvaret og Danmarks Statistik og omhandler de ca. 26.000 soldater, som har været udsendt i perioden 1992-2009. Rapporten analyserer desuden frafaldet...... af en opfølgningsundersøgelse foretaget af forsvarets psykologer via spørgeskemaer. Analysen er baseret på registerdata om de soldater, der modtager spørgeskemaet, og sammenligner den psykiske sundhedsprofil hos dem, der svarer på skemaet, med dem som vælger ikke at svare på skemaet. Denne rapport er...

  2. Sprogtilegnelsesperspektivet i faget "Dansk, kultur og kommunikation" efter et år med den nye pædagoguddannelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Trine; Månsson, Hans; Bleses, Dorthe

    2008-01-01

    En undersøgelse af sprogtilegnelsesperspektivet i faget Dansk, kultur og kommunikation et år efter uddannelsens indførelse peger på, at der kan være grund til øget opmærksomhed på fagets udvikling, hvis forventningerne om et mere ensartet indhold i uddannelsen, der samtidig klæder pædagoger på til...... at varetage de nye praksiskrav om øget opmærksomhed på børns sproglige udvikling og indsats overfor børn med forsinket sprogtilegnelse eller sproglige vanskeligheder, skal indfries....

  3. Pårørendes erfaringer, oplevelser og reaktioner i forbindelse med akut kritisk sygdom og indlæggelse af en nær ven eller et familiemedlem i intensivafdelingen – en kvalitativ metasyntese

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Eva Marie Høgh

    2009-01-01

    Formålet med undersøgelsen er, gennem en kvalitativ metasyntese inspireret af Sandelowski og Barroso at udarbejde en syntese af publicerede kvalitativ forskning, der udforsker pårørendes erfaringer, oplevelser og reaktioner i forbindelse med akut kritisk sygdom og indlæggelse af en nær ven eller et...

  4. Gambaran Profil Lipid pada Pasien Infark Miokard Akut di RSUP M. Djamil Padang Periode 1 Januari 2011 - 31 Desember 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamuna Fathila

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakInfark Miokard Akut (IMA merupakan nekrosis otot jantung akibat terganggunya kebutuhan dan suplai oksigen ke jantung secara mendadak. Faktor risikonya adalah perubahan profil lipid yaitu Kolesterol total, Kolesterol LDL. Kolesterol HDL, dan trigliserida yang dikaitkan dengan pembentukan plak aterosklerosis. Manfaat penelitian ini untuk mengetahui gambaran profil lipid pada pasien IMA. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui gambaran profil lipid pada pasien IMA di RSUP M. Djamil Padang periode 1 Januari 2011-31 Desember 2012. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif dengan desain cross sectional study di bagian Rekam Medik RSUP M. Djamil Padang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan umur terbanyak pasien IMA 45-59 tahun, Jenis kelamin terbanyak pasien IMA adalah laki-laki, perbandingannya adalah 2,7 : 1, Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar kolesterol total tinggi 79 orang (38,92% dan normal 124 orang (61,08%, Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar kolesterol LDL tinggi 76 orang (37,44% dan normal 127 orang (62,56%, Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar kolesterol HDL rendah 145 orang (71,43% dan normal 58 orang (28,57%, dan Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar trigliserida tinggi 44 orang (21,67% dan normal 159 orang (78,33%.Kata kunci: infark miokard akut, kolesterol total, kolesterol LDL, Kolesterol HDL, trigliserida AbstractAcute Myocardial Infarction (AMI is a muscle necrosis of the heart through disruption of demand and supply of oxygen to the heart suddenly. Risk factors of AMI is a change of lipid profile (Total Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, and Triglycerides associated with the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. The benefit of this research is to reveal the lipid profile in patients with AMI. The objective of this study was to determine the description of lipid profile in patients with AMI at RSUP M. Djamil Padang period January 1st, 2011-December 31th, 2012. The study was conducted with descriptive methods to the design of cross sectional

  5. FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKO TERJADINYA DIARE AKUT PADA BALITA DI DESA TEGALLALANG PADA BULAN JANUARI SAMPAI JULI TAHUN 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gede Bagus Garjita Maesa Putra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Diare merupakan penyebab utama kesakitan dan kematian di negara berkembang. Berdasarkan profil kesehatan Puskesmas Tegallalang I, diare masuk dalam sepuluh penyakit pada bulan Januari sampai dengan Juli 2014. Jumlah kasus diare yang dilaporkan pada balita 50 kasus. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor risiko diare di Puskesmas Tegallalang I ini.Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan kasus-kontrol. Jumlah sampel masing-masing kasus dan kontrol adalah 36 balita. Kasus dan kontrol dipilih dari register kunjungan Puskesmas pada bulan Januari sampai Juli Tahun 2014. Faktor risiko meliputi ketersediaan saluran pembuangan air limbah (SPAL, pemanfaatan jamban keluarga (JAGA, pemanfaatan sarana air bersih, air susu ibu (ASI ekslusif, mencuci tangan setelah buang air besar atau sebelum makan, dan merebus air minum. Data dikumpulkan dengan cara observasi dan wawancara. Analisis faktor risiko dilakukan secara bivariat menggunakan uji chisquare. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor risiko yang berpengaruh terhadap kejadian diare pada balita adalah saluran pembuangan air limbah (OR= 7,800, p=0,00, pemanfaatan jamban keluarga (OR= 3,75, p= 0,01, pemanfaatan sarana air bersih (OR= 9,10.p=0,00, ASIeksklusif (OR=17,20, p=0,00, mencuci tangan setelah buang air besar (OR=3,70, p= 0,02, mencuci tangan sebelum makan (OR=2,60, p=0,09, dan merebus air minum (OR=7,95, p= 0,00.Variabel ketersediaan saluran pembuangan air limbah, pemanfaatan sarana air bersih, ASI eksklusif, mencuci tangan setelah buang air besar, dan merebus air minum terbukti meningkatkan risiko kejadian diare akut pada balita. Perbaikan sanitasi perorangan dan sanitasi lingkungan diperlukan untuk mengurangi risiko terjadinya diare.  

  6. Diagnostics of vascular diseases as a cause for acute abdomen; Diagnostik vaskulaerer Erkrankungen als Ursache fuer das akute Abdomen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Juchems, M.S. [Universitaetsklinikum Ulm, Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Ulm (Germany); Aschoff, A.J. [Klinikum Kempten-Oberallgaeu, Abteilung fuer Radiologie, Kempten (Germany)

    2010-03-15

    Vascular pathologies are rare causes of an acute abdomen. If the cause is a vascular disease a rapid diagnosis is desired as vascular pathologies are associated with high mortality. A differentiation must be made between arterial and venous diseases. An occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery is the most common reason for acute mesenteric ischemia but intra-abdominal arterial bleeding is also of great importance. Venous pathologies include thrombotic occlusion of the portal vein, the mesenteric vein and the vena cava. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) is predestined for the diagnostics of vascular diseases of the abdomen. Using multiphasic contrast protocols enables reliable imaging of the arterial and venous vessel tree and detection of disorders with high sensitivity and specificity. Although conventional angiography has been almost completely replaced by MDCT as a diagnostic tool, it is still of high importance for minimally invasive interventions, for example in the management of gastrointestinal bleeding. (orig.) [German] Vaskulaere Pathologien sind seltene Ursachen fuer den klinischen Zustand eines akuten Abdomens. Liegt eine vaskulaere Erkrankung vor, ist jedoch aufgrund der hohen Mortalitaet eine zuegige Diagnostik von grosser Wichtigkeit. Bei den Erkrankungen der abdominellen Gefaesse sind arterielle von venoesen Ursachen zu unterscheiden. Ein Verschluss der A. mesenterica superior ist die haeufigste Ursache fuer die akute Mesenterialischaemie, daneben sind Blutungen in den abdominellen Gefaessprovinzen des arteriellen Gefaessbaums von Bedeutung. Venoese Pathologien betreffen thrombotische Verschluesse der Pfortader, der V. mesenterica und der V. cava. Die Multidetektor-CT (MDCT) ist zur Diagnostik vaskulaerer Erkrankungen des Abdominalraums praedestiniert. Mit mehrphasigen Untersuchungsprotokollen gelingt es, den arteriellen und venoesen Gefaessbaum zuverlaessig darzustellen und Erkrankungen mit hoher Sensitivitaet und Spezifitaet zu

  7. Om beviskravene i immaterialretlige forbudssager efter forbudsreformen 2013 og Højesterets kendelse i U 2014.196 H, Lundbeck/Actavis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer, om beviskravene i immaterialretlige forbudssager, særligt om patenter, er uændrede efter ikrafttrædelsen den 1. juli 2013 af ændrede regler i retsplejeloven om midlertidige forbud og påbud, ligesom artiklen analyserer konsekvenserne af Højesterets kendelse i UfR 2014.196 H, L...

  8. Gambaran Profil Lipid pada Pasien Sindrom Koroner Akut di Rumah Sakit Khusus Jantung Sumatera Barat Tahun 2011-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitri Zahara

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenyakit kardiovaskuler merupakan penyebab kematian nomor satu secara global. Salah satu penyakit kardiovaskuler itu adalah Sindrom Koroner Akut (SKA yang merupakan keadaan gawat darurat dari Penyakit Jantung Koroner (PJK. Salah satu faktor risiko SKA adalah perubahan dari kadar fraksi lipid yaitu kolesterol total, kolesterol LDL, kolesterol HDL, dan trigliserida yang dikaitkan dengan pembentukan plak aterosklerosis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran profil lipid pada pasien SKA di rumah sakit khusus jantung Sumatera Barat tahun 2011-2012. Telah dilakukan penelitian deskriptif dengan bentuk cross sectional study dan pendekatan retrospective menggunakan data rekam medik mengenai hasil pemeriksaan profil lipid (kolesterol total, HDL, LDL, dan trigliserida di rumah sakit khusus jantung Sumatera Barat untuk mengetahui gambaran profil lipid pada pasien SKA tahun 2011-2012. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan 98 kasus SKA. hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa pasien SKA dengan kadar kolesterol total tinggi adalah 44 orang (44,9% dan normal sebanyak 54 orang (55,1%, pasien SKA dengan kadar kolesterol HDL rendah adalah 63 orang (64,3% dan normal sebanyak 35 orang (35,6%, pasien SKA dengan kadar kolesterol LDL tinggi adalah 44 orang (44,9% dan normal sebanyak 54 orang (55,1%, dan pasien SKA dengan kadar trigliserida tinggi adalah 21 orang (21,4% dan normal sebanyak 77 orang (78,6%. Kejadian SKA terbanyak adalah STEMI sebanyak 51 kasus (52%, kemudian NSTEMI sebanyak 24 kasus (24,5% dan yang paling sedikit adalah angina pektoris tak stabil sebanyak 23 kasus (23,5% frekuensi umur terbanyak dari pasien SKA adalah 40-59 tahun, jenis kelamin terbanyak dari pasien SKA adalah laki-laki sekitar 74,5%. Penelitian menunjukkan jumlah bahwa pasien SKA yang memiliki kadar kolesterol total yang tinggi lebih sedikit daripada yang normal, kadar kolesterol HDL yang rendah lebih banyak daripada yang normal, kadar kolesterol LDL yang tinggi lebih sedikit daripada

  9. İdiopatik-post menopozal-senil osteoporozun ağrılı akut epizodlarının calcitonin ile tedavisi

    OpenAIRE

    Kokino, Siranus

    2004-01-01

    Bakırköy Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Merkezi'nde yapmış olduğumuz idiopatik veya sekonder osteoporozun ağrılı akut epizodlarının Salmon-Calcitonin tedavisi ile ilgili çalışmamız 31'i kadın 2'si erkek, 33 hasta üzerinde incelenmiştir. Deneklerimize çalışma süresi boyunca klinik tablonun şiddetine ve hastanın ilaca toleransına göre günlük 50100 UI Salmon Calcitonin tedavisi uygulanmıştır. İlacın çalışma süresince laboratuar parametrelerde anlamlı bir değişme saptanmamış, fonksiyonel yetm...

  10. {sup 67}Ga scintigraphy in acute sarcoidosis with Heerfordt`s syndrome; {sup 67}Ga-Szintigraphie bei akuter Sarkoidose mit Heerfordt-Syndrom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schamberger, R. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Muenster Univ. (Germany); Jonas, M. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Muenster Univ. (Germany); Barenbrock, M. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Innere Medizin D, Muenster Univ. (Germany); Sciuk, J. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Muenster Univ. (Germany); Schober, O. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Muenster Univ. (Germany)

    1995-02-01

    Sarcoidosis is a chronic multisystem disorder of unknown etiology characterized by non-caseating epitheloid granulomas. We report a case of a 29-year old female with acute sarcoidosis and Heerfordt`s syndrome (parotid enlargement, anterior uveitis and facial nerve palsy) who had a typical clinical constellation but no histologic criteria of a granulomatous inflammatory process in transbronchial lung biopsy. {sup 67}Ga scintigraphy revealed such a typical pattern of accumulation that sarcoidosis could be diagnosed despite negative histological findings. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Sarkoidose ist eine chronische Systemerkrankung unbekannter Aetiologie, die durch nichtverkaesende epitheloidzellige Granulome gekennzeichnet ist. Wir berichten ueber eine 29jaehrige Patientin mit akuter Sarkoidose und Heerfordt-Syndrom (Parotisschwellung, Iridozyklitis und Fazialisparese), bei der zwar eine typische klinische Befundkonstellation vorlag, die transbronchiale Lungenbiopsie jedoch histologisch keinen granulomatoesen Entzuendungsprozess nachweisen konnte. Die {sup 67}Ga-Szintigraphie zeigte ein so typisches Anreicherungsmuster, dass trotz negativer Histologie die Diagnose gestellt werden konnte. (orig.)

  11. GPS baseret kortlægning af zoo gæsters brug af Aalborg Zoologiske Have, efteråret 2008

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glud, Louise Nørgaard; Harder, Henrik; Horst, Nicolas Rendtlew;

    Følgende er en opsummering af hovedresultaterne fra attraktivitetsundersøgelsen i Aalborg Zoo foretaget i oktober 2008. Undersøgelsen blev gennemført over fire dage i efterårsferien: søndag d. 12/10, mandag d. 13/10, torsdag d. 16/10 og fredag d. 17/10 2008. Søndag og fredag var vejret godt med s...

  12. Nitrogenoxidinhalation ved akut lungesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T H; Henneberg, S W; Heslet, L

    1995-01-01

    Two cases of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) treated successfully with nitric oxide (NO) inhalation are described. One patient had severe sepsis and the other had trauma induced ARDS. The slow entry criteria for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was fulfilled in both cases...

  13. Trombolysebehandling ved akut underekstremitetsiskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rørdam, Peter; Enevoldsen, Micha Thyge; Rasmussen, John Bøje Grønvall;

    1996-01-01

    During a period of four and a half years 37 lower extremities with acute ischaemia were treated with thrombolysis. Angiographically, 35 cases demonstrated no suitable arteries for distal reconstruction. In two cases vascular surgery was not performed because of cardiac incompensation. Two patients...

  14. Akutô

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxenbøll, Morten

    2009-01-01

    as a rhetorical label in disputes over land rather than as a social or criminological category. Through a study of chronicles, laws and legal documents from the period, the dissertation thus deconstructs the image of the akuto as instigators of wanton violence and predatory behaviour, and it underlines...... proprietors were not meek victims of greedy warriors and deviant bandits, and that the actions of these ‘bandits' should be discussed in relation to local conflict processes, which involved social acts (including violence) which defied the norms and rules of the central powers and were condemned...

  15. Akut ultralyd App

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Todsen, Tobias; Graumann, Ole; Laursen, Christian B.;

    2015-01-01

    Denne app indeholder gennemgang af en række standardiserede ultralydsprotokoller, der kan udføres i forbindelse med undersøgelsen af den akutte patient til besvarelse af binære kliniske spørgsmål. App'en er blevet udviklet i et samarbejde mellem Københavns Universitet, Syddansk Universitet og...... Aarhus Universitet. Projektgruppen repræsenterer læger fra forskellige specialer og har alle beskæftiget sig med undervisning og forskning i klinisk ultralyd. App´en er gratis og kan hestes her: http://akutul.cekuapp.dk/...

  16. Akut blodkomponentterapi til traumepatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berthelsen, Camilla Rostgaard; Mølgaard, Theis; Mølgaard, Ole;

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Massive bleeding is a common cause of death in trauma patients. The aim of this study was to describe the number and survival within the group of trauma patients who received treatment with blood components, as well as to describe the amount and kind of blood components in acute...... treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive cohort investigation based on consecutively collected data on trauma patients in 2004. Information about the use of blood components was obtained from the database at the Clinical Immunological Department. Massive transfusion was defined as transfusion with 10...... of thrombocytes. RESULTS: In 2004, 565 trauma patients were taken primarily to Aarhus Trauma Centre. 7% (42) patients received treatment with blood components within 24 hrs. 2% (11) were massively transfused and within this group 45% (5) died; one patient did not receive balanced treatment. CONCLUSION: Acute...

  17. Hubungan Kadar Glukosa Darah Saat Masuk Rumah Sakit Dengan Lama Hari Rawat Pasien Sindrom Koroner Akut (SKA Di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosi Oktarina

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakHiperglikemia masih menjadi topik penelitian yang sering dihubungkan dengan kejadian sindrom koroner akut (SKA di dunia, terutama hiperglikemia saat masuk rumah sakit. Hal ini didasari oleh beberapa pengaruh kadar glukosa darah yang tinggi terhadap sistem kardiovaskuler seperti gangguan fungsi ventrikel kiri, stroke volume yang menurun, regurgitasi katup mitral berulang, gangguan pada waktu pengisian diastolik hingga risiko tinggi untuk arritmia, serta hubungannya dengan peningkatan risiko trombosis. Sehingga semakin memperjelas pengaruh hiperglikemia yang tidak hanya dapat meningkatkan risiko terjadinya SKA, melainkan juga dapat memperburuk kondisi pasien SKA sendiri. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi hubungan kadar glukosa darah sewaktu dengan lama hari rawat pasien Sindrom Koroner Akut (SKA. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian analitik dengan menggunakan desain penelitian Cross Sectional Study. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder yang diambil di Instalasi Rekam Medik (Medical Record, yakni data rekam medik pasien yang didiagnosis sebagai Sindrom Koroner Akut (SKA yang dirawat inap di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat DR. M. Djamil Padang Periode Januari–Desember 2011. Ditemukan sebagian besar pasien SKA masuk rumah sakit dengan kadar Glukosa Darah Sewaktu (GDS sebesar ≥ 200 mg/dl (40% dan lama hari rawat sebesar ≥ 7 hari (52%. Dari hasil analisa bivariat dengan menggunakan uji korelasi Spearman ditemukan adanya hubungan searah antara kadar glukosa darah saat masuk rumah sakit dengan lama hari rawat pasien SKA dengan kekuatan hubungan yang sedang, r = +0,492, p = 0, 000 (p<0,05. Pemantauan terhadap kadar GDS yang diperiksa saat pasien masuk rumah sakit perlu dilakukan dan untuk penelitian yang akan datang diharapkan dapat diteliti lebih lanjut faktor-faktor lain yang mempengaruhi lama hari rawat pasien SKA.Kata kunci: Kadar glukosa darah saat masuk RS, lama hari rawatAbstractHyperglicemia is still become a research

  18. Hubungan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif dengan Angka Kejadian Diare Akut pada Bayi Usia 0-1 Tahun di Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang

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    Eka Putri Rahmadhani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPemberian ASI eksklusif merupakan salah satu upaya untuk mencapai tumbuh kembang optimal dan terlindungi dari penyakit seperti diare. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan angka kejadian diare akut pada bayi usia 0-1 tahun di Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan secara observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah bayi usia 0-1 tahun yang berkunjung ke posyandu di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang dengan menggunakan simple random sampling. Jumlah bayi dengan kelompok usia 0-5 bulan 29 hari sebanyak 69 orang (51,1% dan usia 6-12 bulan sebanyak 66 orang (48,9%. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan bayi usia 0-5 bulan 29 hari yang masih mendapat ASI saja sebanyak 41 bayi (30,4% dan yang sudah mendapat campuran lain selain ASI sebanyak 28 bayi (20,7%. Jumlah bayi usia 6-12 bulan dengan ASI eksklusif sebanyak 34 bayi (25,2% dan 32 bayi lainnya (23,7% non ASI eksklusif. Sebanyak 57 bayi (42,2% pernah diare dan 78 bayi lainnya (57,8% tidak pernah. Analisis chi square mendapatkan p=0,001 dan hasil ini signifikan (p<0,5. Pemberian ASI eksklusif selama 6 bulan harus ditingkatkan karena mempunyai hubungan dengan angka kejadian diare akut.Kata kunci: Bayi, ASI Exclusif, diareAbstractExclusive breastfeeding is an effort to achieve optimal growth and development and can be protected from diarrhea. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with the incidence of acute diarrhea in infants aged 0-1 years in the Kuranji Public Health Center Padang. This study conducted a cross sectional observational study. The sample was a baby aged 0-1 years who visited posyandu in the Kuranji Public Health Center working area using simple random sampling. The result showed 41 infants (30.4% aged 0-5 months 29 days which is still breastfed only and other than breast milk were 28 infants (20.7%. Number of 6-12 months

  19. Cerebrolysin bei Schädel-Hirn-Trauma - Eine neurotrope und neurogene Substanz in der Initialbehandlung akuter Schädel-Hirn-Verletzungen

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    König P

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Schädel-Hirn-Verletzungen (SHV, SHT und daraus resultierende akute wie chronische Traumafolgen werden von der WHO als eine der größten Gesundheitsschädigungen weltweit angesehen. Alle Therapeutika, die dazu beitragen, die Folgen eines SHT zu reduzieren, sind daher von besonderem theoretischem wie praktischem Interesse. Cerebrolysin ist ein standardisiert aus Schweinehirn gewonnenes Peptidgemisch, dessen Eiweißkörper aufgrund ihres niedrigen Molekulargewichtes die Bluthirnschranke zu passieren vermögen. Die neurotrophen, neuroprotektiven und neurogenetischen Eigenschaften von Cerebrolysin wurden in verschiedenen präklinischen Studien dokumentiert. Auch für dementielle Hirnerkrankungen und die Schlaganfallbehandlung mit Cerebrolysin liegen klinische Studien vor. Wir führten eine placebokontrollierte Doppelblindstudie mit Cerebrolysin als Add-on-Therapie in der Behandlung akuter SHV in 5 Zentren durch. In die Studie wurden 44 Patienten aufgenommen, 22 in die Verum- und 22 in die Placebogruppe. Beurteilungskriterien waren die GCS (Glasgow-Coma-Scale, die CGI (Clinical-Global-Impression und der SKT (Syndrom-Kurztest, Nebenwirkungen wurden mit der DOTES/TWIS erfaßt. Die Vitalparameter und Laborwerte wurden kontrolliert. Cerebrolysin bzw. Placebo wurde durch 21 Tage einmal täglich i.v. infundiert. Die statistische Analyse der Unterschiede zwischen Therapiebeginn und den wöchentlichen Kontrollen zeigte signifikante Unterschiede zwischen Cerebrolysin und Placebo: Cerebrolysin verbesserte die Hirnleistungsfähigkeit signifikant rascher und deutlicher. Die Verträglichkeit von Cerebrolysin war, wie bekannt, ausgezeichnet. Zusätzlich ergaben sich in zwei spezifischen Behandlungsaspekten relevante Resultate für die Cerebrolysingruppe in der Behandlung des SHT: Einerseits in der praktischen Anwendbarkeit einer Substanz, die sich stabilisierend auf Metabolismus und intrazelluläre Strukturen von Neuronen, somit antiapoptotisch, auswirkt und

  20. Blodtryk er ikke entydigt associeret med risiko for glaukom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Michael Stormly; Torp-Pedersen, Christian Tobias; Hvid-Hansen, Anders;

    2014-01-01

    Compromised autoregulation of ocular blood flow is a plausible consequence of hypertension, and studies indicate that hypertension can lead to progression of glaucoma. Initiating antihypertensive therapy in subjects with long-standing hypertension could deteriorate ocular blood flow leading...... ultimately to glaucomatous damage. Evidence on this topic is still equivocal but until adequate knowledge on the field has been established we recommend referral of patients disposed for glaucoma to ophthalmologic examination when initiating antihypertensive medication....

  1. SPESIFIKASI SIMPLISIA DAN EKSTRAK ETANOL BIJI PINANG (ARECA CATECHU L ASAL TAWANGMANGU SERTA TOKSISITAS AKUT DAN KHASIAT HEMOSTATIKNYA PADA HEWAN COBA

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    Sa'roni Sa'roni

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Biji pinang (Areca catechu L secara tradisional diantaranya digunakan untuk obat menghentikan cucur darah dan haid banyak mengeluarkan darah. Untuk membuktikan penggunaan tersebut perlu dilakukan penelitian apakah ekstrak biji pinang mempunyai khasiat hemostatik, yaitu dapat mempercepat waktu beku darah serta untuk mendapatkan gambaran toksisitasnya ditentukan harga LD50 nya. Sebelum penelitian dilakukan spesifikasi simplisia dan ekstrak total dari biji pinang. Penelitian LD50 menurut cara Weil ,C.S dengan menggunakan hewan mencit dan penelitian khasiat hemostatik menurut cara Lee-White dengan menggunakan hewan tikus putih. Penelitian khasiat hemostatik dilakukan pada 3 macam  dosis ekstrak biji pinang yaitu 1,63mg, 4,9mg dan 16,3mg/100g.bobot badan tikus. Spesifikasi simplisia biji pinang asal Tawangmangu berwarna coklat, rasa pahit, kadar abu 4,2%± 0,1 kadar air  6,9%± 0,27. Spesifikasi ekstrak etanol biji pinang berwarna coklat kemerahan rasa pahit, kental, mengandung kaloid, saponin, flavonoid, tanin, polifenol dan antrakinon. Besar LD50 ekstrak etanol biji pinang 4,14 (3,31-5,18mg/10g. bobot badan secara ip pada mencit. Ekstrak dosis 16,3mg/100g.bobot badan tikus mempunyai khasiat hemostatik yang tidak berbeda dengan transamin dosis 4,5mg/100g.bobot badan tikus.   Kata kunci :  Areca catecu L; Toksisitas akut; Hemostatik

  2. Akut spinal kord yaralanması sonrasi erken cerrahi dekompresyonun korpus kavernozum ve motor fonksiyon üzerine olan etkilerinin araştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okay Bulut

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Amaç. Akut spinal kord yaralanması sonrasi erken cerrahi dekompresyonun korpus kavernozum ve motor fonksiyon üzerine olan etkilerinin araştırılması. Yöntem. Yirmi bir adet 9-12 aylık Yeni Zelanda tipi, erişkin erkek tavşan kullanıldı. Denekler kontrol grubu (n=5, laminektomi grubu (n=6, 15 saniye kompresyon grubu (n=5 ve 60 sn kompresyon grubu (n=5 olmak üzere 4 gruba ayrıldı. Laminektomi grubuna sadece laminektomi işlemi yapıldı. Kompresyon gruplarına 60 g kapama gücü olan anevrizma klipsi ile 15 ve 60 saniye kompresyon uygulandı. 1, 3, 5 ve 7. günler Modifiye Tarlov skoru ile motor değerlendirme yapıldı. 7 gün sonunda bütün denekler sakrifiye edilerek spinal kordlarından histopatolojik çalışma ile beraber izole korpus kavernozum dokularından in vitro organ banyosunda kasılma ve gevşeme yanıtları incelendi. Bulgular. Modifiye Tarlov skoruna bakıldığında gruplar arası fark anlamlı bulundu (p0,05. Her 4 grupta da pD2 değerleri benzerdi (p>0,05. Sonuç. Akut spinal kord yaralanmasında erken cerrahi dekompresyonun etkinliğini araştırdığımız bu model ile spinal kord yaralanmasında seksüel disfonksiyonunun tedavisinde kullanılması düşünülen ilaçların in vitro ortamda ayrıntılı olarak araştırılması mümkün olabilir. Akut spinal kord yaralanmasında erken cerrahi dekompresyon motor iyileşme yönünden faydalı olabilir ve korpus kavernozum fonksiyonları açısından olumlu etkiler yapabilir. Ayrıca, akut spinal kord yaralanması geçiren hastalarda erektil disfonksiyon fosfodiesteraz tip V inhibitörleri ile çözülebilir.

  3. Akut ve kronik oroantral açıklıkların cerrahi tedavisi: 33 vakalık klinik çalışma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Cihan Bereket

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Oroantral comunications are known as pathological connections occuring between the oral cavity and maxillary sinus. Early treatment of this condition prevents the development of sinusitis and fistula, as well as the need for more complex methods of treating patients and the possibility of recurrence. In this study; age, sex, etiologic factors, location of the opening, methods of treatment and early complications of 33 patients that surgically treated in Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic between 2005-2011 were examined. 18 (54.54% of oroantral openings were treated with buccal advancement flap, 4 (12.12% of them were treated with palatal rotational flap, 8 (24.24% of them were treated with iodoform gauze pack strip and the remaining 3 (9.09% cases were treated with buccal fat pad, double-tunnel method and primary closure. In all cases, tooth extraction was the only etiologic factor. 100% (20/20 success was achieved in all patients with acute openings, while the rate was 77% (13/10 in patients with oroantral fistula.

     

    ÖZET

    Oroantral açıklıklar, ağız kavitesi ve maksiller sinüs arasında meydana gelen patolojik bağlantı olarak bilinmektedir. Bu durumun erken dönem tedavisi, sinüzit ve fistül gelişimini önlediği gibi, hastaların daha komplike yöntemlerle tedavi gereksinimlerini ve nüks olasılığını da önlemektedir.  Bu çalışmada, 2005-2011 tarihleri arasında Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Ağız, Diş ve Çene Cerrahisi kliniğinde cerrahi tedavisi gerçekleştirilen akut veya kronik açıklığa sahip 33 hastanın yaş, cinsiyet, etyolojik faktörler, açıklığın lokalizasyonu, gerçekleştirilen tedavi yöntemleri ve erken dönem komplikasyonları incelenmiştir. Oroantral açıklıkların, 18’i (%54,54 bukkal ilerletme flebi, 4’ü (%12,12  palatal döndürme flebi, 8’i (24

  4. PREVALENSI KOMPLIKASI AKUT DAN KRONIS PASIEN DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 DI POLIKLINIK PENYAKIT DALAM RSUP SANGLAH PERIODE JANUARI 2011- MEI 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Eka Satriawibawa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes melitus tipe 2 (DMT2 merupakan suatu penyakit metabolik ditandai dengan keadaan hiperglikemia yang disebabkan oleh kombinasi insufisiensi sekresi insulin, resistensi insulin, atau keduanya. Prevalensi diabetes di dunia diperkirakan meningkat menjadi 4.4% atau 366 juta jiwa pada tahun 2030. Peningkatan prevalensi DMT2 secara langsung akan meningkatkan prevalensi komplikasi DMT2. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode studi potong-lintang. Data diperoleh dari rekam medis pasien dengan periode Januari 2011-Mei 2012 dan kemudian dihitung prevalensi komplikasi akut maupun kronis pada pasien DMT2. Penelitian ini mendapatkan hasil prevalensi KAD sebesar 7 orang (6.6%, tanpa komplikasi KAD sebanyak 70 orang (66% dan tidak tahu sebanyak 27orang (25.5%. Prevalensi hipoglikemia sebanyak 18 orang (17%, tidak pernah mengalami hipoglikemia sebanyak 69 orang (65.1% dan 18 orang (17% tidak tahu. Diantara 18 orang yang pernah mengalami hipoglikemia, 8 orang diantaranya (44,4% menggunakan terapi insulin. Organ yang paling sering mengalami gangguan adalah sistem kardiovaskuler yaitu sebanyak 35 kasus (25%. Gangguan ginjal ditemukan sebanyak 31 kasus (22%, gangguan paru 25 kasus (19%, Gangren dan Abses 16 kasus (11%, Urinary 6 kasus (4%, Alimentary 5 kasus (3%, Sistem saraf 4 kasus (3%, Mata 3 kasus (3% dan gangguan lain sebanyak 14 kasus (10%. Komplikasi kronis yang terbanyak ditemukan adalah Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD sebanyak 28 kasus, Pneumonia sebanyak 18 kasus, DF 13 kasus, HF 12 kasus, Hipertensi 11 kasus, TB paru 7 kasus, ISK 6 kasus, HHD 5 kasus, Gastropati 4 kasus, dan SNH  dan NPDR ditemukan sebanyak 3 kasus.    

  5. Die akute Myoperikarditis als Chamäleon - Fallpräsentation eines jungen Patienten // Heterogenous Aetiology of Myopericarditis – A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dudczak J

    2015-01-01

    , beziehungsweise einer Myokardbiopsie. Die Myoperikarditis ist ein Chamäleon unter den kardialen Krankheitsbildern und kann sich unterschiedlichst präsentieren: von oligo-/asymptomatisch bis hin zum kardiogenen Schock. Akut lebensbedrohliche Differentialdiagnosen müssen ausgeschlossen werden.br Anhand einer akuten viralen Myoperikarditis bei einem jungen Mann mit benignem Verlauf werden die Komplexität der Erkrankung, die Schwierigkeit, die richtige Diagnose zu stellen, allfällige Komplikationen und die Prognose herausgearbeitet.

  6. Efter sexskandale og satanistisk hærværk: Er kirken et helligt rum, der kræver særlig beskyttelse?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holtermann, Jakob v. H.

    2016-01-01

    Kommentar i forbindelse med landsrettens dom i nylig sag om sex og satanistisk hærværk i flere kirker. Dommen aktualiserer de seneste ti års debat i forbindelse med blasfemiparagraffen: om vi er et sekulært samfund, om der gælder en særlig beskyttelse for religioner, og i givet fald hvorfor...... de sidste ti år, på spidsen: Om vi er et sekulært samfund, om der gælder en særlig beskyttelse for religioner, og i givet fald hvorfor” siger Jakob Holtermann. ”Da man sidste år endelig besluttede sig for at beholde blasfemiparagraffen, gjorde man det efter at have spurgt Straffelovrådet til råds. De...

  7. Rekonvalescens efter kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharif, Heidi; Glavind, Julie; Uldbjerg, Niels

    2009-01-01

    Recommendations for reconvalescence and restriction of physical activity after elective caesarean section are not consistent and there is a lack of evidence on the subject. Although physiological changes are rapidly normalized after the operation, the women experience an extended period character......Recommendations for reconvalescence and restriction of physical activity after elective caesarean section are not consistent and there is a lack of evidence on the subject. Although physiological changes are rapidly normalized after the operation, the women experience an extended period...... characterized by fatigue caused by lack of sleep due to nursing and breastfeeding of the baby. This paper accounts for the effects of post-operative pain, breastfeeding, fatigue, sexuality and physical recovery in the period of reconvalecence following elective caesarean section. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep-28...

  8. Marginalskatterne efter pinsepakken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Helena Skyt; Dubey, Amaresh

    2001-01-01

    , nemlig fra ca. 98% til 68%. Det er således navnlig de tyndt befolkede og fattigere kommuner, der ligger over skatteloftet. De 78 kommuner, der i 2002 er under skatteloftet, fordeler sig ret skævt geografisk. Forskellen mellem billigste og dyreste kommune har været faldende over tiden. Andelen af kommuner...... og topskatteydere under skatteloftet må forventes at falde i de kommende år, da pinsepakken nu er fuldt indfaset, og der fortsat må forventes en vis opdrift i de kommunale og amtskommunale udskrivningsprocenter....

  9. Posttraumatisk stress efter arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, K; Lauritsen, Jens; Hansen, O N

    1999-01-01

    This study focuses on post-traumatic stress disorder in a follow up one to two years after the occupational accident. The aim was to estimate the prevalence of PTSD, changes in general health status and issues of compensation. The material was all serious accidents registered in the Danish National...... Register of Work Accidents during 1991. Seriousness was defined by type of injury, including all cases of amputations, bone fractures and extensive body lesions. Of 4745 possible, 3663 persons (77%) participated in a questionnaire study. The prevalence fulfilling the complete set of criteria...... of posttraumatic stress disorder as a chronic state was 2.8% (102 persons), of whom half had been given compensation. Among the most severe accidents the prevalence was 7.6%. In conclusion, in a large cohort of persons with moderate and severe occupational injuries this study demonstrated that post...

  10. På jagt efter klasse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faber, Stine Thidemann

    fordelinger og som symbolske repræsentationer og mentale strukturer. En anden central reference er den poststrukturalistiske kønsforsker Judith Butlers teori om performativitet. Dette begreb introduceres for at tydeliggøre, at både køn og klasse er historisk konstruerede kategorier. I afhandlingen...

  11. Neonatale konsekvenser efter vakuumekstraktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mathilde Maagaard; Sørensen, Jette Led; Lando, Ane

    2010-01-01

    About 5000 babies annually, or 1/12 of all births, are the result of vacuum-assisted delivery in Denmark. Towards the end of the 1990'ies, the US FDA published a national warning concerning increasing complications and mortality after vacuum-assisted delivery, and other countries followed. One ex...

  12. Marxismen efter Marx

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karl Marx har fået momentum oven på finanskrisen som kritiker af kapitalismen. Men i Marx og i den marxistiske tradition findes en en teoretisk dybde og analysekraft, der rækker langt ud over den nuværende krise. Karl Marx har både som medspiller og modspiller været inspirationskilde for en lang ...

  13. Graviditet efter bariatrisk kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Renault, Kristina Martha; Andersen, Lise Lotte Torvin; Kjær, Mette Karie Mandrup;

    2012-01-01

    In the latest years the number of pregnant women having undergone bariatric surgery before pregnancy has increased rapidly. In pregnancy, they seem to have a reduced risk of obesity-related complications but an increased risk of mechanical complications causing small bowel obstruction...... and complications due to malabsorption. This article reviews the effect of bariatric surgery before pregnancy on obstetric and neonatal outcomes and provides, based on the limited available evidence, recommendations for the management of pregnancy in these women....

  14. Lungeemboli efter hugormebid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Martin Ruben Skou; Husted, Steen Elkjær; Pedersen, Gitte

    2014-01-01

    The clinical course after adder bites (Vipera berus) is unpredictable. Antivenom can reduce morbidity markedly. Preventive use of low-molecular-weight heparin is not routinely recommended. We present a case report, where indication for antivenom was not found, and the patient developed pulmonary...

  15. Kompartmentsyndrom efter hugormebid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roed, Casper; Bayer, Lasse; Lebech, Anne-Mette Kjaer

    2009-01-01

    Bites from the adder, Vipera Berus, can have serious clinical consequences due to systemic effects. Meanwhile, the local swelling calls for attention as well. Two cases of seven- and eleven-year-old boys are reported. The first patient was bitten in the 5th toe, the second in the thumb. Both...... developed fasciotomy-requiring compartment syndrome of the lower and upper limb, respectively. Recognition of this most seldom complication of an adder bite is vital to save the limb. We recommend that the classical signs and symptoms of compartment syndrome serve as indication for surgery. However...

  16. Klavikelduplikation efter traumatisk klavikelepifysiolyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lasse; Frich, Lars Henrik

    2009-01-01

    A case of a 15-year-old boy with an injury to the distal clavicle resulting in a "banana peel lesion" and subsequent formation of a "neoclavicle" in the empty periostal sleeve is presented and discussed. Udgivelsesdato: Aug-17......A case of a 15-year-old boy with an injury to the distal clavicle resulting in a "banana peel lesion" and subsequent formation of a "neoclavicle" in the empty periostal sleeve is presented and discussed. Udgivelsesdato: Aug-17...

  17. Neonatale konsekvenser efter vakuumekstraktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mathilde Maagaard; Sørensen, Jette Led; Lando, Ane;

    2010-01-01

    About 5000 babies annually, or 1/12 of all births, are the result of vacuum-assisted delivery in Denmark. Towards the end of the 1990'ies, the US FDA published a national warning concerning increasing complications and mortality after vacuum-assisted delivery, and other countries followed. One...

  18. Hel igen efter amputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Elisabeth Bomholt

    2007-01-01

    -90%) karsygdomme, hvoraf ca. 1/3 skyldes diabetes. To af Danmarks otte folkesygdomme er netop hjertekarsygdomme og type 2-diabetes (SIF 2005), som for en stor del skyldes livsstil. I Danmark har mellem 200.000 og 300.000 mennesker type 2-diabetes og forekomsten er kraftigt stigende og forekommer i stadig yngre...

  19. Genoptraening efter total knaealloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Bente; Kehlet, Henrik

    2009-01-01

    The short- and long-term benefits of post-discharge physiotherapy regimens after total knee arthroplasty are debatable. A national survey including hospitals in Denmark that perform total knee arthroplasty showed a large variability in indication and regimen for post-knee arthroplasty rehabilitat...

  20. Efter cochlear implant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højen, Anders

    Dit barn har netop fået et cochlear implant. Hvad nu? Skal barnet fokusere udelukkende på at lære talt sprog, eller skal det også lære/fortsætte med tegnsprog eller støttetegn? Det er et vanskeligt spørgsmål, og før valget foretages, er det vigtigt at vurdere hvilke konsekvenser valget har, dels...... for den sproglige udvikling isoleret set, og dels for barnets udvikling ud fra en helhedsbetragtning. Dette indlæg fokuserer på, hvilke forventninger man kan have til cochlear implant-brugeres sproglige udvikling med talt sprog alene, hhv. med to sprog (tale og tegn). Disse forventninger er baseret på...

  1. Efter cochlear implant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højen, Anders

    2007-01-01

      Dit barn har netop fået et cochlear implant. Hvad nu? Skal barnet fokusere udelukkende på at lære talt sprog, eller skal det også lære/fortsætte med tegnsprog eller støttetegn? Det er et vanskeligt spørgsmål, og før valget foretages, er det vigtigt at vurdere hvilke konsekvenser valget har, dels...... for den sproglige udvikling isoleret set, og dels for barnets udvikling ud fra en helhedsbetragtning. Dette indlæg fokuserer på, hvilke forventninger man kan have til cochlear implant-brugeres sproglige udvikling med talt sprog alene, hhv. med to sprog (tale og tegn). Disse forventninger er baseret på...

  2. Intrauterin graviditet efter Cavatermbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shokouh-Amiri, Ali; Kjaergaard, Niels

    2009-01-01

    A case of intrauterine pregnancy occurring after successful balloon thermal endometrial ablation is described. Although rare, pregnancy after endometrial ablation is possible, and use of a supplemental contraceptive method should be planned. In case of pregnancy after endometrial ablation...

  3. Hel igen efter benamputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Elisabeth Bomholt

    2006-01-01

    - forskellige steder. Jeg var hjemme hos tre, med én på café, mødtes med én på vedkommendes arbejdsplads, mødte syv på et fysioterapeutisk GenoptræningsSted (GS) for mennesker med benamputation og havde opfølgende telefonisk møde med seks. På GS deltog jeg bl.a. i individuel fysioterapi tre gange, holdtræning...

  4. Hypofyseinsufficiens efter hovedtraumer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klose, Marianne C; Juul, Anders; Poulsgaard, Lars

    2007-01-01

    Brain injury following head trauma is a potential cause of acquired hypopituitarism, although regarded as uncommon. Consequently, such patients do not routinely undergo neuroendocrine evaluation. Recent data suggest hypopituitarism to be more common than previously stated, with a prevalence...... of at least 25% in long-term survivors. As untreated hypopituitarism is likely to delay recovery and rehabilitation, this calls for a change in the current management of patients suffering traumatic brain injury. In this article, we will review current knowledge in this field....

  5. Rekonvalescens efter kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharif, Heidi; Glavind, Julie; Uldbjerg, Niels

    2009-01-01

    Recommendations for reconvalescence and restriction of physical activity after elective caesarean section are not consistent and there is a lack of evidence on the subject. Although physiological changes are rapidly normalized after the operation, the women experience an extended period...... characterized by fatigue caused by lack of sleep due to nursing and breastfeeding of the baby. This paper accounts for the effects of post-operative pain, breastfeeding, fatigue, sexuality and physical recovery in the period of reconvalecence following elective caesarean section. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep-28...

  6. Smerter efter apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Klit, Henriette; Marcussen, Ninna Schultz;

    2007-01-01

    Pain following stroke is a common but often neglected problem. Headache is present in about one fourth of patients in the acute phase. Later, chronic musculoskeletal pain including shoulder pain may be present, partly due to muscle weakness, posture and stiffness. Central neuropathic pain...... is a chronic pain, often described as burning or shooting and in some cases associated with pain evoked by light touch or cold. Central pain usually develops within months after the stroke and is located within the area of sensory abnormality corresponding to the CNS region damaged by the stroke....

  7. Forenklinger efter selskabsreformen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik; Berg, Mads

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen definerer og analyserer de selskabsretlige forenklinger og lettelser, som selskabsreformen på baggrund af betænkning nr. 1498/2008 har medført. For overblikkets skyld præsenteres lettelserne ud fra rækkefølgen i kapitlerne i selskabsloven. De har i særlig grad indvirkning på små og melle...

  8. Apopleksi--en akut sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Grethe; Astrup, Jens; Schroeder, Torben V

    2007-01-01

    Treatment for acute stroke has proved effective when initiated in the first few hours after symptom onset. Thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke has been approved within 3 hours from symptom onset in patients aged 18-80 years. Results from ongoing studies are awaited for selected patients beyond...... this time and age limit. Haemostatic treatment for patients with intracerebral or subarachnoidal haemorrhage prevent early re-bleeding and early stroke recurrence after TIA or minor stroke can be prevented effectively by carotid endarterectomy within 2 weeks....

  9. ETIOLOGI MIKRIBIOLOGIS PENYAKIT DIARE AKUT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyrus H. Simanjuntak

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available As in other developing countries, diarrhoea is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Indo­nesia. It is estimated that at least 4-5 million deaths per year in the world are caused by acute di­arrhoea. In Indonesia, 40% of deaths in the first 2 years of life is caused by acute diarrhoea. This study is to assess the microbial agents of diarrhoea! disease, from patients of 2 hospitals in Ja­karta. Rectal swabs for bacteriological examination were collected from patients at the admission using Cary & Blair as a transport media. Stools for Rota virus examination were collected in a tube container and kept at 4- 6°C before further processing. Conventional bacteriological procedures were performed for isolation and identification of bacterial agents. Enterotoxigenic E. Coli (E T E Cj was examined by ELISA for LT and by intragastric inocula­tion of suckling mice for ST. Campylobacter was incubated at 42°C in a candle jar using desiccator as a jar. The isolation results from 1937 specimens collected were V. cholera 01 50,2%, Rota virus 31,0%, ETEC 6,8%, Campylobacter sp 4,8%, Salmonella sp 4,3%, V. parahaemolyticus 1,6%, NAG 0,9%, Shi­gella sp 0,8%, Y. enterocolytica 0,2% and mixed infection of 2 or 3 different agent 5%. Most of the V. cholera isolated were of the Ogawa sero-type (98,9%. ETEC consisted of 69,2% LT alone, 21,4% ST alone and 8,9% both LT and ST. The most prevalent among 10 Salmonella species isolated were S. oranienberg 34,9% and S. kreveld 21,7%. The most prevalent among 4 species of Shigella isolated were Sh. flexneri 43,8% and Sh. dysen-triae 31,3%. Diarrhoeal diseases were continuously found through the year with 2 peaks; one high peak in May, June and July and the other lower peak in December and January.

  10. Akut schistosomiasis (Katayama-feber)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T; Rønne-Rasmussen, J O; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian

    1995-01-01

    Acute schistosomiasis (Katayama fever) may present with a broad spectrum of symptoms three to six weeks after primary infection by Schistosoma (S) mansoni, S. japonicum or, more rarely, S. haematobium. The acute phase of schistosomiasis is frequently confused with other feverish diseases. It occurs...... almost exclusively in nonimmune visitors to endemic areas. We describe seven cases of acute S. mansoni infection. The pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment are briefly discussed. Katayama fever should be considered in patients returning from endemic areas with fever and eosinophilia...

  11. Prostate cancer and cardiovascular diseases: Risk and prognosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Christina Gade

    2014-01-01

    Formålene med dette ph.d. studie var at undersøge datakvaliteten af koderne for medicinsk og kirurgisk kastration i Landspatientregistreret, at estimere risikoen for akut myokardieinfrakt (AMI) og apopleksi efter behandling med medicinsk eller kirurgisk kastration, samt at bestemme betydningen af...

  12. Tuberkulose forårsaget af Mycobacterium africanum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bek, Dorte; Kjeldsen, Marianne Kirstine; Hansen, Nikolaj Friis;

    2010-01-01

    Tuberkulose (TB) forårsages af patogene arter fra Mycobacterium tuberculosis komplekset (MTBC) og har en incidens på cirka 7/100.000 i Danmark. På mistanke om TB hos en akut indlagt 40 årig afrikansk mand initieredes anti-TB behandling. Efter 13 timers indlæggelse afgik patienten ved døden. Fra l...

  13. Acute, non traumatic patterns in chest radiography of children. Recognition and understanding of radiographic appearances; Akute, nicht traumabedingte Veraenderungen des unteren Respirationstraktes des Kindes im Thoraxroentgen. Erkennen und Verstehen radiologischer Veraenderungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Puig, S.; Hoermann, M.; Schibany, N.; Ponhold, W. [Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Wien (Austria); Sandstroem, S. [Bild o Funktionsdiagnostisk Centrum, Universitetssjukhus, Lund (Sweden)

    2002-03-01

    The diagnosis of acute, non-traumatic diseases of the lower respiratory tract requires exact knowledge of the specific anatomy, physiology and pathology of the pediatric chest. The absolutely and relatively smaller airways, as compared with those of adults, and the undeveloped collateral ventilation result in radiological appearances that are unique in children. Viral pneumonia is predominant only in small children up to an age of 2 years. With increasing age, there is a higher incidence of bacterial pneumonia. The differentiation of viral and bacterial etiology of a pneumonia is not possible on the basis of chest radiographs. In acute pediatric imaging, possible aspiration of foreign bodies has to be considered. Since most foreign bodies cannot be detected radiographically, indirect features such as hyperinflation or mediastinal shifts have to be evaluated. Primary lung tumors are rare in children. More common are metastases with known primary tumors. Neuroblastoma or lymphomas may mimic intrapulmonary pathologies. (orig.) [German] Die Diagnostik akuter, nicht traumabedingter Erkrankungen des unteren Respirationstraktes erfordert genaue Kenntnisse der speziellen Anatomie, Physiologie und Pathologie der kindlichen Lunge. Die absolut und auch relativ kleineren Luftwege im Vergleich zum Erwachsenen, aber auch der noch nicht ausgebildete Kollateralkreislauf fuehren zu pulmonalen Veraenderungen, wie sie nur beim Kind vorkommen. Bei den Pneumonien sind Viren nur bei Kleinkindern bis zum 2. Lebensjahr praedominant. Mit zunehmendem Alter treten Bakterien immer mehr in den Vordergrund. Eine Unterscheidung zwischen viralem und bakteriellem Erreger ist im Thoraxroentgen nicht moeglich. Haeufig ist auch eine fragliche Fremdkoerperaspiration abzuklaeren. Da die meisten Fremdkoerper nicht roentgendicht sind, muss auf indirekte Zeichen wie Ueberblaehung und Mediastinalshift geachtet werden. Primaere pulmonale Tumoren zaehlen zu den Raritaeten. Haeufiger sind Sekundaerblastome

  14. Indikation for adrenalinautoinjektor efter anafylaksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malling, Hans-Jørgen; Hansen, Kirsten Skamstrup; Mosbech, Holger

    2012-01-01

    Anaphylaxis is a potentially fatal hypersensitivity reaction, which should be treated with adrenaline. Patients at risk of recurrent anaphylaxis after the initial episode should be prescribed an adrenalin autoinjector. The patients include persons, who are allergic to insect venom, before...... they reach the maintenance dose of allergen-specific immunotherapy, persons with food allergy who are at risk of accidental intakes, persons with anaphylaxis induced by low-intensity physical activity, and idiopathic anaphylaxis. The recommended dose of adrenaline is 0.15 mg for children up to 20 kg and 0...

  15. Organisk kataton tilstand efter apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anders; Jørgensen, Martin Balslev

    2009-01-01

    Catatonia is seen in various psychiatric disorders, but also rarely occurs in medical conditions with organic cerebral affection. We present a case of a previously mentally healthy male, who developed catatonia years after a stroke in the right hemisphere. Catatonic symptoms included stupor, mutism......, stereotyped movements and repetition of meaningless sounds. The condition responded to benzodiazepine and electroconvulsive therapy. Catatonia should be considered as a differential diagnosis when the described symptoms occur in patients with a known organic cerebral disorder. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug...

  16. Rekonvalescens og sygemelding efter influenza

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Court

    2009-01-01

    Seasonal influenza has a significant impact on individuals and society alike. In otherwise healthy adults, a typical case of seasonal influenza is associated with six to eight days of clinical symptoms, and about four to five days of sick leave. Transmission mainly takes place during the initial...

  17. Stressfraktur efter epifysiodese i femur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Aubaidi, Zaid; Engell, Vilhelm; Lundgaard, Bjarne

    2010-01-01

    Growth guiding is currently widely practiced for deformity correction in the growing child. Different methods have been developed. In 2007 Stevens described a tension band device (8-plates) as a simple growth control method. Since then it has been widely used, e.g. in hemiepiphysiodesis to correct...

  18. Behandling af gener efter whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rittig-Rasmussen, Bjarne; Kongsted, Alice; Carstensen, Tina Birgitte;

    2010-01-01

    Treatment of whiplash-associated disorders starts with a thorough clinical examination, which may be repeated after 1-3 weeks. For optimal results it is essential that the patient receives clear information about the condition and that any pain is treated effectively with analgesics. Risk factors...

  19. Risiko efter alder og promille

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Framke, Elisabeth; Kærup, Simon; Sørensen, Poul Lyk

    2012-01-01

    Den internationale forskningslitteratur har de sidste 50 år peget på, at alder og alkohol er store risikofaktorer for trafikuheld. Litteraturen har i den forbindelse peget på, at unges alder, manglede erfaring og alkoholforbrug, udgør væsentlige risikofaktorer for trafikuheld....

  20. Angina pectoris efter sumatriptan (Imigran)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abrahamsen, Bo; Christiansen, B D

    1992-01-01

    Developed for the treatment of migraine, sumatriptan is an agonist of 5-hydroxytryptamine-1-receptors. Though a pressure sensation is a common complaint, significant ECG changes have not been reported after subcutaneous administration of sumatriptan. A case history is given where angina pectoris...... after sumatriptan self-administration was experienced on two occasions by a 61-year old man with a history of minor myocardial infarction--without post-infarction angina--two years previously. The angina after sumatriptan was accompanied on both occasions by significant ST-segment depression on ECG...

  1. HRM i Danmark efter krisen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bévort, Frans; Holt Larsen, Henrik; Hjalager, Anne-Mette;

    Kortlægning af praksis for Human Resource Management (HRM) i alle organisationer i Danmark med mere end 100 ansatte.......Kortlægning af praksis for Human Resource Management (HRM) i alle organisationer i Danmark med mere end 100 ansatte....

  2. Tejnefiskeri efter jomfruhummer. Et litteraturstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, Rikke; Krag, Ludvig Ahm; Andersen, Bo Sølgaard;

    The Danish quota for Norway lobster is fished by use of trawl. In the past 5 years, between 10 and 70 % of the quota has not been exploited. This is partly on account of restricted quotas on some of the other species that are targeted in this mixed species fishery. Furthermore, in order to protect...... cod, trawling is banned in some areas including areas known as Norway lobster grounds. Creels are highly selective gears both with regards to sizes and species and they lead to high quality landings. Compared to trawling, stationary gears such as creels also have much less impact on the benthic...... habitat and reduce fuel consumption. Commercial creeling for Norway lobster is for example found in Sweden, Norway, Scotland, and the Faroe Islands. However, all available literature report low catch rates and the viability of the fishery therefore depends upon fuel savings and the opportunity to achieve...

  3. Abdominalfistel syv ar efter kolecystektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougard, K.; Bergenfeldt, M.

    2008-01-01

    A 64-year old female presented with fistulas on the abdomen 7 years after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. During fistula excision, several gallstones were found. Scrutiny of the medical records revealed that spillage of gallstones had occurred during the cholecystectomy. We conclude that spilled...

  4. Socialisme i Chile efter Pinochet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cristoffanini, Pablo Rolando

    2008-01-01

    Chile bliver ofte præsenteret som et paradigme for resten af det latinamerikanske kontinent: Et land med høj økonomisk vækst og politisk stabilitet. Landet har endda haft to socialistiske præsidenter siden 2000, den sidste den første kvindelige præsident. Succeshistorien har en bagside: De...... socialistiske regeringer har accepteret et begrænset demokrati og videreført en nyliberal økonomisk politik, der har bragt dem på konfrontationskurs med massebevægelserne og isoleret Chile fra de andre lande i regionen, der søger integration og gensidig støøte. Udgivelsesdato: Februar...

  5. Laegers kliniske faerdigheder efter turnusuddannelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringsted, Charlotte V; Pallisgaard, Jane; Falck, Geir

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate Danish interns' clinical skills after their internship in order to identify areas where systematic training is needed. This study was a follow-up of a previous study on a group of interns at the beginning of their internship. MATERIAL AND METHODS...... concern that skills particularly in emergency procedures do not improve. There is a need to define clear objectives, implement structured training programmes, and assess skills in order to accomplish a reliable and sufficient level of competency. Udgivelsesdato: 2002-Jun-10...

  6. Diagnostik og behandling af akut colonpseudoobstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ertberg, Pia; Vilandt, Jesper; Bødker, Birgit

    2013-01-01

    Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), also known as Ogilvie's syndrome, is a clinical condition with acute dilatation of the colon without a provable mechanical cause. Early recognition and treatment of the condition is important in order to improve the outcome. The diagnosis is based on clini...

  7. Akut pesticidforgiftning--et globalt folkesundhedsproblem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konradsen, Flemming

    2006-01-01

    Following the intensification of agriculture and the promotion of agro-chemicals in low and middle income countries, acute pesticide poisoning has become a major public health problem with more than 300,000 deaths each year around the world. The easy availability of highly toxic pesticides...

  8. Akut generaliseret eksantematøs pustulose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Comstedt, Lisbeth Rosholm; Gregersen, Janni Hjortlund; Bygum, Anette

    2010-01-01

    Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a rare cutaneous drug reaction often caused by beta-lactam antibiotics. The reaction is characterized by sudden occurrence of a generalized exanthema, developing within 1-2 days. Hundreds of sterile pustules arise on an oedematous and erythemat......Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a rare cutaneous drug reaction often caused by beta-lactam antibiotics. The reaction is characterized by sudden occurrence of a generalized exanthema, developing within 1-2 days. Hundreds of sterile pustules arise on an oedematous...

  9. Acute effects of differing duration of static stretching on speed performance Farklı sürelerde uygulanan statik germenin sürat performansına akut etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suat Yıldız

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of differing duration (15s, 30s, 45s of static stretching on speed performance. Method: Twenty students in Physical Education and Sports (age 23.3 ± 2.0 years, height 175.7 ± 5.8 cm, weight 67.6 ± 8.6 kg implemented 4 differing duration static stretching protocol on ​​noncontiguous days. After low intensity aerobic exercise subjects applied 15s static stretching (SG15, 30s static stretching (SG30, 45s static stretching (SG45 and low intensity aerobic exercise without any stretching application (KU. Subjects performed 20m sprint test after each stretching protocol. Differing duration of static stretching methods were compared by repeated measures ANOVA and post-hoc methods. Results: Differences between KU and SG15 (%5.1, KU and SG30 (%6.6 and KU and SG45 (%10.9 was significant (p<0.001. In addition significant difference was observed between SG15 and SG45 (p<0.032. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that static stretching application of lower extremities have negative impact on the 20m sprint performance. Longer sprint performances were observed as the duration of static stretching increases. These results indicate that static stretching applications were inadequate to prepare the athletes for the activities (such as sprinting which require high power production. Özet Amaç: Bu çalışmada farklı sürelerde (15, 30 ve 45 sn uygulanan statik germenin sürat performansına olan akut etkisinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Yirmi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor öğrencisi erkek sporcu (yaş 23,3 ± 2.0 yıl, boy 175,7 ± 5.8 cm, beden ağırlığı 67.6 ± 8.6 kg birbirini izlemeyen günlerde 4 farklı protokolü uygulamışlardır. Bu araştırma düşük yoğunluklu aerobik egzersizi takiben, 15 sn süreli statik germe (SG15, 30 sn süreli statik germe (SG30, 45 sn süreli statik germe (SG45 ve sadece düşük yoğunluklu aerobik egzersiz (KU

  10. Primaer brystrekonstruktion efter mastektomi for cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elberg, J J; Blichert-Toft, M; Drzewiecki, K T

    1995-01-01

    investigations indicate that primary reconstruction results in a clearly reduced postoperative psychological stress, whereas the extent of social and sexual sequelae seems not to vary when compared to results of secondary reconstruction. Conditions for adjuvant treatment as well as for follow-up concerning loco...

  11. Toksisk hepatitis efter indtagelse af kosttilskuddet purshianabark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claire; Semb, Synne; Kromann-Andersen, Hans

    2009-01-01

    Herbal medicinal products can cause toxic hepatitis. This case report presents a patient who developed severe toxic hepatitis with beginning liver failure following four weeks of consumption of the herbal medicinal product Cascara Sagrada. A similar case was reported from the United States. Cascara...

  12. Recovery efter depression. Er det muligt?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leegaard Jepsen, Stine; Aagaard, Hanne

    2015-01-01

    is transcribed, analyzed and interpreted in the hermeneutic tradition. Findings: Four main themes were identified: 1) Experience of living through depression, 2) Experience of help and addiction, 3) Experience of redefinition of one’s own (illness) identity and 4) Experience and definition of recovery...

  13. ST-elevations-myokardieinfarkt efter terapeutisk adrenalininjektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rømhild Davidsen, Jesper; Lambrechtsen, Jess; Egstrup, Kenneth

    2006-01-01

    A case of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following accidental iatrogenic overdose by adrenaline injection is described in a male aged 55 years. This patient was given 1 mg of adrenaline due to anaphylactic symptoms. Afterwards he presented with angina pectoris, dyspnoea and ST-segment elevation...... in the ECG. Plasma TnT and CK-MB were raised. A coronary angiography revealed a 66% stenosis of RCA. This patient had an asymptomatic RCA stenosis that probably became symptomatic due to coronary artery spasm related to adrenaline injection and thereby presented symptoms and signs of AMI....

  14. På vej mod job efter en arbejdsskade:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gensby, Ulrik; Thuesen, Frederik

    ”Med udbredelsen af Fastholdelsescentret er kendskabet til arbejdsskadeområdet blevet meget mere bredt. Vi kan bruge hinanden på en helt anden måde. Det er jo også helt nyt for dem at rykke ud og tale med den borger, der er kommet til skade,” fortæller en sagsbehandler om centrets rejsehold, som ....... Undersøgelsen er baseret på 24 kvalitative interviews og er finansieret af Arbejdsskadestyrelsen....

  15. Livstruende haemorrhagia per rectum postoperativt efter appendektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, M A; Lindholt, Jes Sanddal

    1994-01-01

    A case of life-threatening haemorrhage nine days after appendicectomy is described in a 51 year old previously healthy man. Coecotomy revealed a bleeding artery near the invaginated appendiceal stump. The bleeding artery was presumably an intramural branch to the appendix from the posterior coeca...

  16. Graviditet i uteruscikatricen efter tidligere sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Kathrine Birch; Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Krebs, Lone;

    2010-01-01

    Rarely, but with increasing frequency, we detect pregnancies within the uterine scar of a prior Caesarean section. These ectopic pregnancies entail a risk of severe bleeding and uterine rupture, and thus constitute a threat to the pregnant woman's life, underlining the necessity of awareness about...

  17. Spontan bilateral ekstrauterin graviditet efter kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Jesper Friis; Ekelund, Charlotte; Settnes, Annette

    2015-01-01

    contralateral tube. The woman was readmitted three weeks later and had an additional salpingectomy on behalf of an unrecognized tubal pregnancy. Considering the rising caesarean section rates clinicians need to be certain of no additional ectopic pregnancy while performing the primary operation.......We describe a rare case of bilateral tubal pregnancy following natural conception in a woman with no other known risk factor than two former caesarean sections. Intraabdominal adhesions following the caesarean sections complicated the salpingectomy thus diminishing certainty of a healthy...

  18. Patienttilfredshed efter bariatrisk og postbariatrisk kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Lotte; Roessler, Kirsten Kaya; Rose, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Surgical treatment of obesity has led to a large group of patients with massive weight loss. The massive weight loss results in excessive skin, which leads to pain, skin problems, cosmetic discomfort and psychosocial issues. The impact on quality of life of bariatric and body contouring surgery can...

  19. Efter Brexit. Tag nu Europas arbejdere alvorligt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Niels Jul

    2016-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i Brexit diskuterer kronikken, hvordan arbejdskraftens frie bevægelighed inden for EU's opleves som en trussel for den del af befolkningen, der mærker presset fra udenlandsk arbejdskraft på både deres jobs og vilkårene for at udføre dem. Det diskuteres endvidere, hvordan det...

  20. Kommende standarder for revisors ydelser - "Efter clarity"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiertzner, Lars

    2011-01-01

    Atiklen præsenterer på et overordnet niveau kommende standarder med videre fra IAASB. Formålet er at give et samlet overblik over, hvad der kan forventes i de kommende år. Den første og største del af artiklen behandler allerede igangsatte projekter, der befinder sig et sted i tilblivelsesprocess...... ISA 700 om revisionspåtegningen ISA 720 om andre oplysninger i regnskaber og ISRE 2400 om review. Andre projekter om vejledninger (IAPS), andre erklæringsopgaver og beslægtede opgaver behandles kun perifert....

  1. Plastkirurgi efter stort vægttab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winge, Rikke; Henriksen, Trine Foged; Printzlau, Andreas;

    2014-01-01

    describe how to optimise the preoperative evaluation of the patient and give a brief description of potential surgical adverse effects and their prevalence. Further research can provide this field with invaluable data regarding the post-operative effects on patient rehabilitation and quality of life....

  2. Vellykket konservativ behandling efter knivtraume mod hjertet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wærsted, Stian; Schou-Jensen, Katrine; Jensen, Tim;

    2012-01-01

    A five year-old girl was admitted to hospital following an accidental stab wound to the chest, inflicted by a knife placed in a dishwasher's cutlery tray. Investigations revealed a traumatic ventricular septum defect of the heart, with a pericardial effusion. Since the patient remained haemodynam...

  3. Ventrikelperforation efter indtagelse af flydende kvaelstof

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Anders Riegels; Nielsen, Casper; Christensen, Peter

    2009-01-01

    A 28-year-old male was admitted to hospital with severe abdominal distension and subcutaneous emphysema after ingesting 15 ml liquid nitrogen to produce an impressive burp. A rupture of the stomach at the lesser curvature was sutured by laparotomy. Peroperative gastroscopy showed no signs of cold...

  4. Pa spaning efter Big Bang i underjorden

    CERN Multimedia

    Granström, Helena

    2008-01-01

    The LHC will start this summer; an accelerator placed in a 27km long annel. The machine will collide particles in order to test the theory of dark matter, dark energy and supersymmetry. We will get to know much more, but maybe understand even less. (4 pages)

  5. Pseudomonas-follikulitis efter badning i spabad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uldall Pallesen, Kristine Appel; Andersen, Klaus Ejner; Mørtz, Charlotte Gotthard

    2012-01-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a rare cause of folliculitis. Pseudomonas folliculitis can develop after contact with contaminated water from swimming pools, hot tubs and spa baths. Systemic therapy may be indicated in patients with widespread lesions, systemic symptoms or in immunosuppressed patients...

  6. Overtagelsesværn efter Volkswagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer, hvilken betydning EF-domstolens dom om virkningerne af reglerne om kapitalens frie bevægelighed for overtagelsesværnene i Volkswagen AG  har for stemmeretsbegrænsning, ejerloft, opdeling i A- og B-aktier, forhøjede majoritetskrav mv. i børsnoterede selskaber...

  7. Spor efter guldsmede fra vikingetiden i Viborg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Hans Krongaard

    1989-01-01

    Fund af digler og en patrice til produktion af guldsmedearbejde af høj karat. Patrice til det ene Hornelundspænde.......Fund af digler og en patrice til produktion af guldsmedearbejde af høj karat. Patrice til det ene Hornelundspænde....

  8. Bilateral akillesseneruptur efter behandling med ciprofloxacin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Attarzadeh, Amir Pasha; Ryge, Camilla

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of spontaneous non-traumatic bilateral rupture of the Achilles tendons following ciprofloxacin treatment. A 54-year-old man presented with spontaneous Achilles tendon rupture on the left side, tendinitis and partial tear on the right side following few days of treatment with cipr......We report a case of spontaneous non-traumatic bilateral rupture of the Achilles tendons following ciprofloxacin treatment. A 54-year-old man presented with spontaneous Achilles tendon rupture on the left side, tendinitis and partial tear on the right side following few days of treatment...... with ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice daily and long-term treatment with prednisolon 10 mg once daily. This rare side effect caused by concurrent treatment with steroids and ciprofloxacin should be kept in mind. Any signs of tendinitis following this treatment should arouse the physicians' suspicion towards ciprofloxacin....

  9. Kruralt kompartmentsyndrom efter kirurgi i stensnitleje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, Peter-Martin; Rawashdeh, Yazan F

    2008-01-01

    Lower limb compartment syndrome after prolonged surgery in the lithotomy position is a rare but devastating complication which is termed well leg compartment syndrome (WLCS). The pathogenesis comprises increase in intracompartmental pressure and hypoperfusion, resulting in ischemia and necrosis. ....... By reviewing the PubMed database we found 38 case reports with a total of 58 patients who developed WLCS. Every surgeon should know WLCS as early diagnosis and treatment is essential to avoid severe permanent disability. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Apr-28...

  10. Patientdeltagelse under rehabilitering efter en rygmarvsskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Angel, Sanne

    2010-01-01

    -making. Concurrently, the existential meaning of patient participation was uncovered. The conclusion was that the professional's hard work of stimulating the patient to participate and then permit the patient to take part was decisive in relation to the patient's existence and recovery....... insight into patient participation. The ability and need for participation changed through the six-phased process of regaining meaning after a spinal cord injury; no will to participate, developing/generating strength to participate, need for participation and will to participate in decision...

  11. Astmatisk senreaktion efter kontakt med epoxy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Authried, Georg; Al-Asadi, Haifaa; Møller, Ulla;

    2013-01-01

    Epoxy resin is a low molecular weight agent, which can cause both acute and delayed allergic reactions. However, it is known causing skin reactions with direct or airborne contact. Rarely it can cause airway reactions like asthma bronchiale. We describe a case of a windmill worker who developed...... delayed asthma bronchiale due to airborne contact with epoxy resin....

  12. Hypotyroidisme efter operation for struma ovarii

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zikkenheimer, Marjoes; Hertz, Jens

    2013-01-01

    . In approximately 5% of the cases patients may show symptoms of hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis. Treatment comprises surgical removal. In the presented case the patient developed biochemical signs of hypothyroidism after the operation. It is recommended that thyroid function should be controlled after treatment....

  13. At Lede Efter Læring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Denne bog handler om skolen. Den handler specielt om de forestillinger, forventninger og forhåbninger, der rettes mod skolen, og om, hvad de i praksis betyder for de mennesker, der til daglig færdes i og omkring skolen. Skolen præges ligesom resten af den offentlige sektor af en dagsorden, som do...

  14. Rekonvalescens og sygemelding efter operation for lyskebrok

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bay-Nielsen, Morten; Bisgaard, Thue

    2009-01-01

    leisure activities and development of complications. The literature provides no evidence to support an increased risk of recurrence with early resumption of physical activity after inguinal hernia repair. Patients should be encouraged to resume full activities immediately after surgery, only limited......The duration of convalescence after inguinal hernia repair is determined by a number of factors, among which are information and recommendations given by the surgeon and the general practitioner, level and duration of postoperative pain, type of repair, level of physical activity at work and during...

  15. Gastric blow-out: komplikation efter fedmekirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torrens, Ayoe Sabrina; Born, Pernille Wolder; Naver, Lars

    2009-01-01

    Laparoscopic gastric bypass is the most common type of surgery for morbid obesity in Denmark. The most frequent late complications after gastric bypass are ulcer, internal hernia and stenosis. Two cases of stenosis of the bileopancreatic limb with gastric blow-out are described. Urgent diagnosis...... with computed tomography and acute surgical treatment is vital as the complication can lead to gastric necrosis, pancreatitis, biliary stasis, sepsis and multi-organ failure within a very short time. Prompt contact to specialized surgeons is advocated. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov...

  16. Maksilrekonstruktion med stilket temporalislap efter maksillektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lambertsen, Karin; Bundgaard, Troels

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Removal of the maxilla requires adequate restoration of the maxillary structure to replace form and functions, especially vocal and eating functions. A host of reconstructive options are available to restore the maxilla, most of which include free-flap reconstruction. The aim of thi...

  17. Sen udvikling af carotisdissektion efter trafikuheld

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjort, Mathias; Ljungberg, Merete; Jakobsen, Linda

    2011-01-01

    This case study discusses the clinical manifestations of carotid dissection in a 58-year-old male admitted with minor injuries after a traffic accident. Within 24 hours the patient developed Horner syndrome, hoarseness and possible facial nerve palsy. A CT-angiogram showed dissection of the left...

  18. Graviditet efter Mustards operation for transpositio vasorum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pank, Marie; Larsen, Signe Holm; Sørensen, Keld;

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Previously, the Mustard operation was the preferred surgical technique in patients with transposition of the great arteries. After this procedure the anatomical right ventricle remains the systemic ventricle, which entails long-term complications, especially heart failure. The Mustard....... MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information on diagnosis, procedure, functional status, pregnancy, delivery and congenital heart disease in the off-spring were found in registers (The National Register of Health, The National Birth Register) and in medical records. Questionnaires were mailed to the 16 surviving...... women over 15 years of age. RESULTS: Four women gave birth to nine children. Two women temporally had heart symptoms during pregnancy and delivery, but this caused no objective changes. The women who had children were older than those who did not. None of the children had congenital heart disease nor...

  19. Plastikkirurgi efter stort vægttab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winge, Rikke; Henriksen, Trine Foged; Printzlau, Andreas;

    2014-01-01

    Post bariatric body contouring in Denmark is currently a field under development. The scope of this article is to give an overview of existing plastic surgery techniques being used to treat patients with massive weight loss, as well as the current indications for patient referral. Furthermore, we...

  20. Smitteopsporing efter fund af lungetuberkulose hos flyrejsende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynggaard, Charlotte Duch; Eriksen, Nina Marie Birk; Andersen, Peter Henrik;

    2011-01-01

    During international air travel individuals stay in a closed environment which might lead to a risk of transmission of respiratory infectious diseases such as tuberculosis carried by infectious travellers. Tracing exposed passengers requires international cooperation and assistance from relevant ...

  1. Aktivt induceret hypotermi efter svaer traumatisk hjerneskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grände, Per-Olof; Welling, Karen-Lise; Eskesen, Vagn;

    2010-01-01

    A Cochrane metaanalysis and a study performed on children have recently confirmed that therapeutic hypothermia does not improve outcome after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). TBI is not comparable to a short episode of global ischemia, where therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to improve...... outcome. The difference may be explained by the fact that hypothermia-induced stress after a traumatic brain injury reduces cerebral perfusion in the penumbra zone, where local circulation is already reduced. Thus, to date there is no indication for therapeutic hypothermia in TBI patients....

  2. Ældres skadestuehenvendelser efter fald

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirchhoff, Marianne; Bregnbak, Michael J; Backe, Hanne;

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of this retrospective study was to quantify and characterize contacts to the acute emergency department due to fall accidents among elderly aged 65 years and above at H:S Hvidovre hospital in Copenhagen during a three-month period. Data on demographics, injuries and admission...... of contact were included. Via a central database the use of emergency department, admissions to hospital and mortality during the next six months were monitored. RESULTS: During the three-month period, 535 elderly persons (582 visits) were seen in the acute emergency department because of a fall...... because of a fall. About half of the elderly returning home directly from hospital have no planned follow-up. A more structured assessment and collaboration between hospital and primary health care is needed in order to prevent further falls among the elderly. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Nov-3...

  3. Mave-tarm-funktion efter kolecystektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, Jüri J

    2005-01-01

    Randomized studies of the physiological and clinical consequences of cholecystectomy for uncomplicated gallbladder stones are very scarce. Bile acid malabsorption is increased postoperatively, probably giving rise to diarrhea in a few sensitive individuals. Preexisting abdominal distension and fa...

  4. Udvikling af posttraumatisk stress efter alvorlige arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, O; Rasmussen, K; Hansen, O N

    1999-01-01

    The diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) employed by the American DSM-IV from 1994 and ICD-10 from 1993 are reviewed. The literature concerning PTSD, with particular focus on PTSD in relation to occupational accidents, is discussed. A single epidemiological study of the oc......The diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) employed by the American DSM-IV from 1994 and ICD-10 from 1993 are reviewed. The literature concerning PTSD, with particular focus on PTSD in relation to occupational accidents, is discussed. A single epidemiological study...... of the occurrence of PTSD following serious nonfatal occupational accidents reports a one to two years prevalence of PTSD of 4.3%. Physicians and safety and health organisations within companies should be aware of the potential for the occurrence of acute and chronic stress conditions following occupational...

  5. Parvovirus B19-akut hepatitis hos immunkompetent patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lykke

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a case of acute hepatitis in an adult person without subsequent complications caused by parvovirus B19 (PVB19). The diagnosis was made by detection of PVB19 IgM and IgG antibody in the blood using ELISA. There was not made any affirmative polymerase chain reaction for DNA...

  6. Neurologiske symptomer og akut hepatitis associeret til parvovirus B19

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giørtz-Carlsen, Birgitte; Rittig, Søren; Thelle, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    The spectrum of symptoms correlated to parvovirus B19 infections has expanded greatly during the past years. We report a case of anaemia, encephalitis-like symptoms and acute hepatitis in a 15-months-old Danish girl associated with parvovirus B19, verified by positive serum IgM og IgG antibodies...

  7. Akut fosfatnefropati som komplikation til udrensning med oral natriumfosfat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Colic, Edin; Marcussen, Niels

    2011-01-01

    Acute phosphate nephropathy (APhN) has recently been identified as a reason for acute and subsequently chronic renal failure, following exposure to the oral sodium phosphate bowel purgatives. Renal biopsies show acute and chronic tubular injury with calcium phosphate deposits. A case of biopsy...

  8. ETIOLOGI INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAFASAN AKUT (ISPA DAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imran Lubis

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available An etiological and environmental studies on Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI had been done, in collaboration with the Sub. Division of Pulmonology, Department of Pediatric, Ciptomangunkusumo Hospital from November 1989 to February 1990. A total of 28 severe ARI were studied, male and female ratio were 1.0 : 1.1 and the Case Fatality Rate from the first 21 series were 14.2%, one boy and two girls. Specimens were collected from throat svab, bronchus aspirates and blood for viral and bacterial identifications. There were no mixed infection found, 57.1% of ARI were not caused by virus and 37.1% among these were bacterial and the rest was still unknown which might be caused by antibiotic treatment prior to admission. The bacterial were identified as Staph, albus 10,7%, Strept. alpha 10,7%, Candida 7,1% Staph aureus 3,6%, and Pseudo diptheri 3,6%. Viral isolation and serological test revealed Measles 14,5%, Myxovirus 7,1%; and Influenza A 0.04%. This study shows that by using selected medium and sera typing would give the same bacterial result with isolation from bronchus aspirate. For field study this method should be tried in order to know the etiology of ARI in the community. Compared with Myxo­virus and Influenza A, Measles was the highest viral isolate on ARI episodes. This might be due to seasonal variation also. Field study had identified that the increase of smoking habit and air pollution from the kitchen smoke will increase the frequency of ARI episode per year. Therefore, restrain from smoking and/or good ventilation will reduce ARI.

  9. Endoftalmitis er en akut synstruende øjensygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydkjær-Olsen, Ulrik; Sriskandarajah, Srishamanthi; Sjølie, Anne Katrin

    2011-01-01

    Endophthalmitis is one of the most serious and most dreaded complications in ophthalmology. It is most often seen as a complication to intraocular surgery and especially after cataract surgery. Approximately 90% of the cases of endophthalmitis are caused by bacteria. Symptoms and signs may include...

  10. Iltbehandling ved akut eksacerbation af kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, Thomas; Lange, Peter; Mogensen, Torben;

    2008-01-01

    Acute exacerbation of COPD is a major cause of hospitalisation in Denmark. Most of the patients require supplemental oxygen in the acute phase and some patients continue oxygen therapy at home after discharge. In this paper we discuss the physiological mechanisms of respiratory failure seen in ac...... in acute exacerbations of COPD. The principles for oxygen therapy in the acute phase are described and recommendations for oxygen therapy are suggested....

  11. Akut pancreatitis forårsaget af galdesten i barnealderen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zachariassen, G; Saffar, D F; Mortensen, J

    1999-01-01

    A 10 year-old girl presented with acute abdominal pain. Serum-amylase was 3959 U/l. Ultrasonography showed dilatation of both the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct and a high density area near the ampulla. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) verified a stone near the ampulla, which...

  12. Billeddiagnostisk håndtering af akut lungeemboli i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Poul Henning; Hess, Søren; Jørgensen, Henrik Boel;

    2005-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Acute pulmonary embolism is a frequently occurring disease that is associated with a high mortality rate. Accurate diagnosis is essential, but the condition is often misdiagnosed. National and international guidelines do not agree on which imaging modality is preferable for making...... the diagnosis. Our objective was to determine what the diagnostic method of choice in Denmark is. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a survey in 30 hospital departments in Denmark regarding the primary imaging procedure for patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. These departments represented various types...

  13. STRES AKUT KARENA BISING SEBAGAI PENYEBAB TERJADINYA XEROSTOMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilda Hafny Lubis

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In general annoyance of noise appears after many years of exposure. The speeds of disturbance depend on level of noise, impulsive component and duration of exposure, personal sensitivity that unknown characteristic. Noise belonging to acute stress needs short period to occur different from sorrow that takes long period. Stress will activate the regulator nerve and maintain intern environment to creates the homeostasis. Stress condition in long period will influence hormonal system, autonomic system until the exhaustion stadium and a few emotional expressive will be fixed for example dry mouth. Stress will also influence immune system so it is not effective to destroy the virus, microorganism and irregular cell that finally cause oral diseases.

  14. Valg af behandling af akut, purulent divertikulitis er uafklaret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hupfeld, Line; Burcharth, Jakob; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian;

    2015-01-01

    Inflammation in colonic diverticula can develop into acute diverticulitis. Treatment varies depending on illness severity. Perforated diverticulitis with faecal peritonitis is treated surgically and Hartmann's procedure is the preferred operation. Peritoneal lavage might be an alternative...

  15. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    the patient has a peripheral or a central cause of vertigo, if the condition is potentially lethal and if there is a need for acute radiological imaging and/or medical intervention. This review highlights the oto-neurological approach to the dizzy patient with particular focus on the patient's history...

  16. Stresshyperglykaemi hos et barn med svaer akut gastroenteritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Jesper V.

    2002-01-01

    A case of a two years and ten months old girl with severe acute gastroenteritis, dehydration, and hyperglycaemia is described. Transient hyperglycaemia is a common clinical finding in children under stress. We discuss the distinction between hyperglycaemia as a prediabetic state and that as a phy...

  17. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis and Menière's disease cause most cases of acute vertigo. However, doctors must consider central neurological reasons to vertigo. If it is determined that a patient has oto-neurological vertigo, the next task is to determine whether...

  18. Akut smertebehandling af stofbrugere i substitutionsbehandling med metadon eller buprenorfin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zinck, Louise; Sonne, Nan M; Madsen, Sidsel Lægdsgaard;

    2015-01-01

    In Denmark, approximately 7,600 patients receive maintenance therapy with methadone or buprenorphine because of opioid addiction. These patients have an increased risk of inadequate pain treatment during hospitalization, among others because of tolerance to opioids and poor communication with the......In Denmark, approximately 7,600 patients receive maintenance therapy with methadone or buprenorphine because of opioid addiction. These patients have an increased risk of inadequate pain treatment during hospitalization, among others because of tolerance to opioids and poor communication...... with the staff. The present article describes four common misconceptions among health-care providers that underlie inadequate pain treatment and provides practical recommendations for the analgesic management of acute pain in patients receiving methadone or buprenorphine....

  19. Værdien af arbejdstest ved akut koronart syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Madsen, J K

    2001-01-01

    In general, exercise testing in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has been used in the assessment of physical capacity and to obtain prognostic information. Within recent years, however, a number of randomized studies have addressed the role of exercise testing in identifying patients, who may benefit....... An invasive strategy is warranted in patients who continue to have angina and exhibit significant ST-segment depression in the exercise-ecg or reversible defects on perfusion scintigraphy. Based on the results of a recent, large scale randomized study, patients with unstable angina or acute non......-Q-wave infarction appear to benefit from an early invasive treatment strategy--regardless of the results of a preceding exercise test. Udgivelsesdato: 2001-Jan-29...

  20. PENELITIAN TOKSISITAS AKUT NATRIUM NITRIT PADA HEWAN UJI TIKUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Endreswari

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The acute toxicity study of sodium nitrite in the period of observation for 14 days has been carried out on adult male and female rats. The substance was administered orally iu the form of solution in distilled water. Each animal was observed carefully for six hours after administration, continued twice daily for 1.4 days, those including general appearance, body weight changes, signs of toxicity mortality and gross pathology finding. The signs of toxicity were tremor, ataxia and convulsion; mortalities were occurred in about two hours after administration. Some animal recovered after two - four hours. The LD50 in male mice was 121 (86,6-169,4 mg/kg b.w., in female was 116 (86-155.4 mg/kg b.w. Based on the LD50 value, sodium nitrite is classified as moderately toxic substances.

  1. CUCI TANGAN SEBELUM MAKAN MENURUNKAN RISIKO KEJADIAN HEPATITIS AKUT KLINIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umar Firdous

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In the area of Hepatitis A outbreak, washing hand before handling food is very important, because most of the cases do not wash their hand before breakfast, lunch or dinner and they eat without spoon. This study is to find out relation between washing hand before handling food with clinical acute hepatitis cases in the area of Hepatitis A outbreak. This study used a case control design, analysing secondary data of Hepatitis A outbreak investigation from November 2001 to January 2002. The population is a the community which living in Calincing housing in Cogreg Village, Parungsub district of Bogor, aged between 15 to 55 years old. Sixty cases and 120 controls have been analysed. Result of this study found that there is a significant relation (p=0.000 between washing hand before handling food with clinical acute hepatitis case, OR=3.442 (95% CI: 1.638- 7.235. Education is a confounding variable to this relation.

  2. Akut dissemineret encefalomyelitis. Afgraensning, behandling, prognose og evidens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Pia Sønderby; Østergaard, John R

    2008-01-01

    and prognosis for children with ADEM and to evaluate the level of evidence in treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records were found by searching for diagnoses and reviewed retrospectively. The level of evidence in treatment was evaluated by searching PubMed, EMBASE and The Cochrane Library. RESULTS: 11...

  3. Udvikling af opticusneuropati efter beskedent øjentraume

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maria Rene; Gade, Else

    2014-01-01

    a trauma of his left lower eyelid when he fell with a bamboo stick. Vision loss was not detected until ten days after the accident, where there were no light perception and a relative afferent pupillary defect. We attributed the vision loss to TON and no treatment was given. Within months optic disc pallor...

  4. 16-årig kvinde med multiorgandysfunktion efter HELLP

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauritz, Rasmus Wulff; Køhler, Flemming; Jørgensen, Jan Stener

    2010-01-01

    HELLP is a syndrome with haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and thrombocytopenia. It occurs in 1 to 6 per 1,000 parturient. Approximately 10% of the cases occur post partum. A 16-year-old woman delivered twins in the 34th gestational week. During the following hours, she developed symptoms of hyp...

  5. Lungeødem efter kontrastindgift som led i koronarangiografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plambech, Morten; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2012-01-01

    Adverse reactions to radiographic contrast media are relatively rare and occur with a frequency of 0.02-0.04%. We describe a case of isolated pulmonary oedema after computed tomography of the coronary arteries in a 51 year-old man. Initially anaphylaxis was suspected, but due to the clinical pict...... picture together with lack of response to treatment with adrenaline and lack of increase in the serum tryptase concentration an IgE mediated mechanism was less likely. The patient responded to non-invasive ventilation over three days. The mechanism behind the reaction is unknown....

  6. Depression remitterede efter subaraknoidal hæmoragi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritsen, Lise; Vinberg, Maj

    2015-01-01

    A 65-year-old man was seen in a specialized ambulatory for mood disorders because of treatment-resistant depression. He was treated throughout a period of three years with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, dual action, lithium, nortriptyline, reboxetine, aripiprazole, benzodiazepines...

  7. Gener efter behandling af almindeligt forekommende akutte øjenlidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogsgaard, M R; Danborg, L; Jensen, P;

    1990-01-01

    and 75% within 48 hours. 10% had symptoms for more than a week. Cases of infectious conjunctivitis and trauma to the eye (without intrabulbar lesion) had the highest risk of developing symptoms after the consultation. The lowest incidence of complaints was seen among patients in whom a foreign body...... was removed from the cornea or conjunctiva. The longest duration of symptoms was seen among patients with infectious conjunctivitis. Cases with a foreign body on the cornea or conjunctiva or trauma to the eye (without intrabulbar lesion) had a slightly longer duration of the symptoms when a corneal tear......The aim of the study was to determine the duration of symptoms in patients treated in the emergency room at Glostrup Hospital for acute eye-trouble. Nine common diagnoses were selected for the study. All patients seen during a 2 1/2 month period were asked to complete a questionnaire one week after...

  8. Medborgarskap efter nationalstaten? Ett konstruktivt förslag

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández, Christian

    2005-01-01

    This thesis is an attempt to formulate a constructive proposal for the ongoing establishment of a post-national European citizenship in the European Union. To the extent that the proposal is post-national, the ambition is to re-conceptualise the idea and ideal of citizenship in a new historical setting. To the extent that the proposal is constructive, the ambition is to develop and employ a methodology which combines normative and empirical analysis. The aim of the thesis is to make a contrib...

  9. Forskelle mellem hospitaler i prognose efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaergaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Rasmussen, Lars Simon;

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: There are substantial differences in long-term survival of patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, and the level of care during hospitalization may be a contributing factor. The purpose of this study was to determine if a difference in long-term prognosis between ...

  10. Perforation af rectum med faekal peritonitis efter staplet haemorideoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beuke, Anna-Christina; Pedersen, Mark Ellebaek; Qvist, Niels

    2008-01-01

    Rectal perforation and faecal peritonitis after stapled operation for grade IV haemorrhoids is described. The complication is rare, but surgeons performing the procedure must be familiar with potential risk factors.......Rectal perforation and faecal peritonitis after stapled operation for grade IV haemorrhoids is described. The complication is rare, but surgeons performing the procedure must be familiar with potential risk factors....

  11. Genetisk polymorfisme har betydning for opioiders smertestillende effekt efter kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydshou, Andreas; Hansen, Egon Godthåb; Gögenur, Ismail

    2013-01-01

    Post-operative pain-management (PPM) should first of all be decided by the specific surgical procedure in each case, but it also seems that genetic polymorphism affects the clinical effects of the pharmacological treatment. In this article we summarize the existing evidence of the hypothesis that...

  12. Kort vs. lang hospitalisering efter hofte- og knaealloplastik. II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Hansen, Hans Christian; Holm, Gitte;

    2006-01-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate hospital stays for patients operated on with primary total hip- and knee-arthroplasty (THA and TKA) in order to identify important logistical and clinical areas for the duration of the hospital stay.......The goal of this study was to evaluate hospital stays for patients operated on with primary total hip- and knee-arthroplasty (THA and TKA) in order to identify important logistical and clinical areas for the duration of the hospital stay....

  13. Utilfredsstillende langtidsresultater efter konservativ behandling af patellofemoralt smertesyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathleff, Michael Skovdal; Rasmussen, Sten; Olesen, Jens Lykkegaard

    2012-01-01

    This review overviews the long-term prognosis of conservatively treated patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Median values of the 16 included studies show that 29% of soldiers, 27.8% of sports active and 24,7% of the general public will become pain free after they are diagnosed...

  14. Et tilfaelde af tungiasis efter rejse i Kenya

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathe, Mathias; Rafn, Aase Cederlund; Poulsen, Thorkil;

    2009-01-01

    Tungiasis is an ectoparasitic skin disease caused by infestation by the female sand flea, Tunga penetrans. Prevalence in endemic areas may reach 83%, while it is rare in non-endemic areas. However, an increase in international travel to and from the affected regions may lead to a rise in the numb...... of cases in non-endemic countries. We present a Danish case of tungiasis contracted during a trip to Kenya....

  15. HIV hos ældre kvinder efter udlandsrejse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Sanne; Thorsteinsson, Kristina; David, Kim Peter

    2016-01-01

    We report two cases of HIV infection among female travellers of older age. A Danish woman in her eighties was diagnosed with acute HIV infection after travelling to West Africa. A sexual history was not recorded before her third hospital visit. A West African woman in her seventies who had been...... living in Denmark for 40 years was diagnosed with advanced HIV after having been to West Africa for family visits. We want to emphasize that women of older age also have sex that may put them at risk of HIV, that febrile returning travellers should be tested for HIV, and that presence of HIV indicator...... diseases should lead to HIV testing....

  16. Anafylaktisk shock efter intradermal injektion afsteroidpræparat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Martin Willy; Zachariae, Claus; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2015-01-01

    Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is a derivative of cellulose found in many food products, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Allergy to CMC in parenteral corticosteroid preparations leading to anaphylaxis is rare, but has previously been reported. We report a case of a 52-year-old woman with prurigo nod...

  17. Anafylaktisk shock efter intradermal injektion af steroidpræparat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Martin Willy; Zachariae, Claus; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2015-01-01

    Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is a derivative of cellulose found in many food products, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Allergy to CMC in parenteral corticosteroid preparations leading to anaphylaxis is rare, but has previously been reported. We report a case of a 52-year-old woman with prurigo nod...

  18. Renalcellekarcinommetastase til glandula thyroidea 15 år efter nefrektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth Mathiesen, Jes; Fleischer, Jens Geelmuyden; Godballe, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metastasis to the thyroid gland is rare and can mimic primary thyroid carcinoma leading to diagnostic difficulties. We present a case of a 55-year-old female with RCC metastasis to the thyroid gland 15 years after nephrectomy. Diagnosis was made after total thyroidectomy....... This case emphasizes the importance of considering metastasis in patients with increasing growth of the thyroid gland over a short period of time known with earlier RCC, even decades after nephrectomy....

  19. Indlaeggelsesvarighed efter operation med hofte- og knaealloplastik i Danmark. I

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Hansen, Hans Christian; Holm, Gitte;

    2006-01-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate hospital stays for patients operated on with primary total hip- and knee-arthroplasty (THA and TKA) in Denmark in order to focus on the relationship between duration of hospital stay, surgical volume, morbidity and mortality and resources....

  20. Livskvalitet efter aortaklapoperation hos patienter > or = 75 år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Rasa Skrupskelyte; Poulsen, Anja

    2010-01-01

    A growing number of elderly undergo surgery of the aortic valve. It is therefore important to investigate their postoperative course concerning quality of life.......A growing number of elderly undergo surgery of the aortic valve. It is therefore important to investigate their postoperative course concerning quality of life....

  1. Atypisk debutsymptom i form af perifer emboli efter stumt myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jakob; Taskiran, Mustafa; Nielsen, Tonni

    2012-01-01

    We report a case with peripheral embolisation as the primary symptom of a painless myocardial infarction with left ventricular mural thrombosis. The patient was suffering from severe pain in his leg due to arterial occlusion. Subsequent electrocardiography and echocardiography documented severe...... damage to the left ventricle and a big motile mural thrombosis. A coronary angiography showed subtotal occlusion of the left descending artery. Patients presenting with peripheral thromboembolic episodes should be examined for cardiac cause even in the absence of cardiac symptoms....

  2. Funktionel mitralinsufficiens efter His-ablation og pacemakerimplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Janna; Gill, Sabine

    2012-01-01

    We describe the case of a 63 year-old patient with normal ejection fraction and trivial mitral regurgitation, who developed severe functional mitral incompetence (FMI) with pulmonary oedema the day after uncomplicated His ablation and implantation of VVI pacemaker. Mitral annuloplasty was performed...

  3. Prognosen efter kurativ resektion af øvre gastrointestinal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fristrup, Claus Wilki; Kjærulf Pless, Torsten; Nielsen, Henning Overgaard;

    2008-01-01

    -term survival after curative resections for these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients referred for treatment of cancer of the oesophagus, stomach or pancreas were prospectively included. Data were registered with regard to pre-therapeutic examination and operative results. Deceased patients were found......INTRODUCTION: Cancer in the upper gastrointestinal tract has a poor prognosis and the best results are obtained by the few resectable patients. Earlier studies indicated that Danish survival might be inferior to that of other Scandinavian countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long...... by comparison with the Danish Central Personal Register in January 2007. RESULTS: A total of 398 patients were included, of whom 164 were found to be possibly resectable. In total 118 (30%) patients underwent complete surgical resection. The median survival period for patients with oesophageal cancer, stomach...

  4. Den barokke guldalder - eller "Flaskens Længsel efter Proppen"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linnet, Ragni

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen undersøger forholdet mellem det idealistiske, hegelinspirerede billedsyn, Heiberg gør sig til talsmand for i sine kunstteoretiske tekster og de værker, som kommer til syne når man følger hans smagsdomme op: et svulstigt, sanseligt og livsbekræftende, beskuerinddragende univers, langt fra...

  5. Rekonvalescens og sygemelding efter operation for hofte- og knaealloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Andersen, Karen V; Søballe, Kjeld

    2009-01-01

    influencing recovalescence are limited to pain, swelling, reduced range of motion, postoperative nausea and vomiting and sleep disturbances. This article evaluates these changes and gives recommendations with regard to sick leave and restrictions after operation. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep...

  6. Vellykket konservativ behandling af chylopericardium efter koronar bypassoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Jesper Holmbæck; Veien, Karsten Tange

    2012-01-01

    Chylopericardium after thoracic duct injury is a rare but serious complication of thoracic surgery with mortality rates above 50% without intervention. Complications of chylopericardium are malnutrition, immunosuppression, electrolyte derangement and tamponade. This case describes a 67-year...

  7. Fasciitis necroticans efter artroskopi af præpatellar bursitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlesinger, NH; Friis-Møller, Alice; Hvolris, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening soft tissue infection in superficial and deep fascias. NF is most often caused by mixed aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. The treatment is early and aggressive surgical debridement, antibiotics and hyperbaric oxygen. In this case description, a nearly...

  8. Menière-lignende symptomer efter meningeom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Morten; Klokker, Mads; Fugleholm, Kåre

    2010-01-01

    A 36-year-old woman who presented with a right sided hearing loss, tinnitus and attacks of dizziness was initially diagnosed with Ménière's disease. A meningioma was found along the posterior surface of the petrosal bone, centred partly on the external aperture of the vestibular aqueduct with no ......A 36-year-old woman who presented with a right sided hearing loss, tinnitus and attacks of dizziness was initially diagnosed with Ménière's disease. A meningioma was found along the posterior surface of the petrosal bone, centred partly on the external aperture of the vestibular aqueduct...

  9. Tegnets tid. Fortid, historie og historicitet efter den sproglige vending

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Dorthe Gert

    historieskrivningens sandhedsfordring. Her ud fra forskydes det snævre fokus på tegn, tekst og diskurs i den aktuelle historieteoretiske debat til spørgsmål om tid og “radikal historicitet”. Der indhentes eksempler fra nyere kulturhistorisk forskning, især fra den amerikanske New Historicism....

  10. Udvikling af trykpneumothorax efter seponering af pleuralt beliggende grisehalekateter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siegel, Hanna; Lauritsen, Anne Oberg

    2014-01-01

    Today, standard treatment of pleural effusion is ultrasound guided insertion of a pleural pigtail catheter. This procedure is known to have a low complication rate, but complications as pneumothorax, haemorrhage and infection are occurring. The most frequent complications are seen at the time of ...... of insertion. We present a case of a 68-year-old woman in the intensive care unit with normal coagulation status who after an uneventful removal of a pleural pigtail catheter developed a tension haemothorax requiring acute evacuation....

  11. Sen migration af mesh til colon efter laparoskopisk hernieoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Martin; Bisgaard, Thue

    2014-01-01

    Long-term complications after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair with mesh reinforcement are not well documented in the literature. We describe a case of a 63-year-old woman with repeated hernia operations due to a ventral hernia, which ultimately was complicated with mesh migration...

  12. Lemierres syndrom efter peritonsillær absces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ehrenfried Berthelsen, Rasmus; Hein, Lars

    2012-01-01

    a 16-year-old man with peritonsillar abscess who developed abscesses in lungs, liver and spleen. The patient was admitted to the ICU and treated with surgical drainage of infectious foci, antibiotics and anticoagulant therapy. After six weeks of antibiotic treatment the patient was discharged...

  13. Usurering af osteosyntesemateriale gennem øsofagus efter anterior cervikalkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiis, Julie Therese; Nittby, Henrietta Carolina; Lauritsen, Anne Oberg

    2014-01-01

    The rare, potentially life-threatening complication to anterior cervical surgery, oesophageal perforation, occurs after surgical trauma or due to erosion by migrating hardware. Symptoms are hoarseness, dysphagia, neck/throat pain, subcutaneous emphysema and fever. Imaging and endoscopic diagnosis...... can give false negative results. We present a case of a 74-year-old male, who was readmitted with sepsis and abscess in the operation area three weeks after anterior cervical surgery. Veillonella parvula was found in the abscess material and computed tomography confirmed the diagnosis of oesophageal...

  14. Unge pigers søgen efter identitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Søren Bøjgaard Schleicher

    2014-01-01

    Kapitlet centrerer sig om to fortællinger, der hver for sig giver et signalement af to piger, som repræsenterer hver deres yderpol af senmoderne pigeliv. Fortællingerne bruges som afsæt til at komme lidt tættere på de kulturer og fænomener, som i øjeblikket definerer vilkårene, på godt og ondt, f...

  15. Specialiserede tilbud til borgere med handicap - efter reformen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonfils, Inge Storgaard; Permin Berger, Nichlas

    Som en del af kommunalreformen fik kommunerne i 2007 det fulde ansvar for handicapområdet. AKF har i 2006-2010 undersøgt, hvilke forandringer brugere, medarbejdere og ledere på specialtilbuddene oplevede i forbindelse med reformen. Undersøgelsen viser, at brugerne kun har oplevet få eller ingen æ...

  16. Sequelae og død efter pneumokokmeningitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsholm, Jakob; Kristensen, Rasmus Nygård; Heslop, Anders;

    2009-01-01

    consciousness. The mortality was 11%, and 40% of the surviving population developed permanent sequelae, of which 88% suffered loss of hearing. Sixty one percent was not evaluated audiologically after hospitalization. CONCLUSION: Pre-admission antibiotics were associated with a decreased risk of death......INTRODUCTION: The aim was to evaluate prognostic factors and outcome parameters related to otogenic pneumococcal meningitis (OPM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with OPM in Aarhus County from 1994 to 2003. RESULTS: Seventy patients were included, corresponding...... and sequelae. Affected consciousness was a significant prognostic factor. The mortality rate was four times higher among adults than among children. Mastoidectomy was performed in 56% of adults without any significant influence on the outcome. Based on the presented results it appears relevant to treat cases...

  17. Et tilfaelde af tungiasis efter rejse i Kenya

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathe, Mathias; Rafn, Aase; Poulsen, Thorkil

    2009-01-01

    Tungiasis is an ectoparasitic skin disease caused by infestation by the female sand flea, Tunga penetrans. Prevalence in endemic areas may reach 83%, while it is rare in non-endemic areas. However, an increase in international travel to and from the affected regions may lead to a rise in the number...

  18. Bilateral suprapubisk abscesdannelse fem år efter inkontinensoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Lenette; Sander, Pia; Lose, Gunnar

    2009-01-01

    recovery. As opposed to the macroporous types (e.g. tension-free vaginal tape), the microporous structure of the IVS-sling causes a higher rate of erosion and infection. Complete sling removal is important in case of IVS-complications. The monitoring of complications related to new medical devices......This report presents a case of vaginal erosion and bilateral suprabupic abscesses five years after insertion of an intravaginal slingplasty (IVS) midurethral incontinence sling in a 53-year-old female patient. Partial removal was insufficient. After complete removal, the patient achieved full...

  19. Soldater - før, under og efter udsendelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vincent, Stéphanie; Jacobsen, Joannes; Heidemann, Julie

    Dette litteraturstudie er anden udgivelse i en serie på fire, der afrapporterer resultaterne fra SFI’s projekt om ”Danske hjemvendte soldater”. Projektets overordnede formål er at undersøge, hvilke konsekvenser udsendelse har for de danske soldater, der sendes ud til internationale militære...... missioner. Den foreliggende rapport samler den viden, der pt. er om følgende emner: de hjemvendte soldaters fysiske og psykiske helbred, deres familie- og socioøkonomiske forhold samt efterfølgende tilknytning til arbejdsmarkedet. Litteraturstudiet er – med enkelte undtagelser – afgrænset til undersøgelser...... mangler og metodesvagheder, der er i de tidligere undersøgelser af hjemvendte soldater. Resultaterne fra denne konsekvensanalyse vil blive afrapporteret i seriens fjerde udgivelse. Undersøgelsen er bestilt af Soldaterlegatet....

  20. Rekonvalescens efter praeoperativ fysisk traening ved elektiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Michael; Krogsgaard, Michael R; Magnusson, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Elective surgery is associated with decreased postoperative musculoskeletal function. High aerobic capacity and muscle strength prior to operation is associated with a shorter and more uncomplicated postoperative period. Pre-operative training as intervention has only showed very limited effect...... in relation to abdominal or alloplastic surgery, whereas strength and coordination training prior to operation has been shown to have a beneficial effect on postoperative movement function after reconstructive ligament surgery of the knee. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep...

  1. Kraftig eksplosion efter sammenblanding af salpetersyre og 2-propanol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedlund, Frank Huess

    2015-01-01

    Det er velkendt, at koncentreret salpetersyre reagerer med mange stoffer, ofte voldsomt, med varmeudvikling og frigivelse af giftige brune nitrøse gasser. Kun få er klar over, at det under særlige omstændigheder ved blanding med isopropylalkohol, eller andre alkoholer, kan udvikle raketbrændstof....

  2. Traumatisk knusning af keramisk ledhoved i hoftealloplastik efter fald

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalskov, Simone; Husted, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    head and revision surgery was performed. The course hereafter was uneventful. Biplanar early radiographs - and potentially a computed tomography - following direct trauma to a symptomatic total hip arthroplasty containing one or more ceramic components is recommended. Surgery should include change...... of both head and liner and a thorough total synovectomy....

  3. Langtidskomplikationer efter injektion af permanent vaevsfylder i laeber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sneistrup, Christian; Hölmich, Lisbet Rosenkrantz; Dahlstrøm, Karin

    2009-01-01

    We present two cases with signs of infection and granulomas seen years after injection of permanent fillers to the lips. These side effects are difficult to treat. They resemble an immunological foreign body response and late-onset infection as well as granuloma and scaring depending on the subst...

  4. Arsager til behov for genbehandling efter variceoperationer i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, S C; Qvamme, G M; Schroeder, T V;

    1999-01-01

    In a surgical varicose vein practice 509 patients who had suffered recurrent varicose veins following surgery in other institutions were traced. The causes of recurrences were identified in a retrospective analysis and related to the source of primary treatment: in hospital treatment (n = 290......), surgical practice (n = 56) or another varicose vein specialist (n = 104). A significant difference was noted between the three institutions in the use of saphenofemoral resection (78%, 63% and 97%) as well as greater saphenous vein stripping (44%, 14% and 0%). Lack of or insufficiently performed...... saphenofemoral surgery were identified as contributing to saphenofemoral insufficiency in 40% and 43% of patients primarily treated in hospital and in surgical practice, respectively, but only in 14% of those treated by a varicose vein specialist (p

  5. Megaduodenum og obstipation efter operation for kongenit tyndtarmsatresi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karstensen, John; Raahave, Dennis; Kirkegaard, Preben

    2011-01-01

    A 33 year-old female presented with constipation and a right-sided palpable abdominal mass, suspected to be the colon. The colonic transit time was prolonged, but the dilated organ was a mega duodenum that had developed after surgery for three jejunal atresies performed one day after birth....... The colon was malrotated, being situated to the left of the columna. Renewed resection surgery was uneventful, and after such surgery the constipation receded and the colonic transit time returned to normal....

  6. Sen perforation af tyndtarm efter laparoskopisk gastrisk bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spanager, Lene; Sigild, Ulf Henrik; Neuenschwander, Anders Ulrich

    2010-01-01

    We present two cases in which the patients were admitted to a local hospital with acute abdominal pain four or five months after having undergone laparoscopic gastric bypass. In both cases, operation revealed a perforation of the small bowel close to the distal anastomosis. In the first case...... bypass but as our two cases illustrate they are important to keep in mind....

  7. Kommunernes administrative lederskab efter kommunalreformen.Et kortfattet signalement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Balle

    I denne rapport er der først og fremmest tale om en beskrivende analyse af kommunernes administrative lederskab, suppleret med vurderinger og spørgsmål til diskussion. Hovedkonklusionerne af den beskrivende analyse er sammenfattet nedenfor. Social baggrund, køn og alder: Den gennemsnitlige...

  8. Anastomoselaekage efter lav anterior resektion for cancer recti

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, S; Moesgaard, F A; Billesbølle, P;

    1997-01-01

    the routine use of a peroperative leakage test and selective use of prophylactic ostomy in cases of unsatisfactory anastomosis. Furthermore, it is recommended that low anterior resection for rectal cancer is limited to few surgeons in each department in order to ensure a uniform quality and hopefully also...

  9. Sen perforation af tyndtarm efter laparoskopisk gastrisk bypass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spanager, Lene; Sigild, Ulf Henrik; Neuenschwander, Anders Ulrich

    2010-01-01

    We present two cases in which the patients were admitted to a local hospital with acute abdominal pain four or five months after having undergone laparoscopic gastric bypass. In both cases, operation revealed a perforation of the small bowel close to the distal anastomosis. In the first case......, a massive constipation of the small bowel was most likely a contributing factor. In the second case, the cause was a kink of the entero-entero anastomosis leading to obstruction and finally perforation of the biliary limp. Late perforations are among the rarely reported complications associated with gastric...

  10. Organisation og tidlige operationsresultater efter ileo-pouch-anal-anastomose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ljungmann, Ken; Bendixen, Anette; Laurberg, Søren;

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Restorative proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) has become the operation of choice for patients with ulcerative colitis and familial polyposis. However, the procedure is complex with a long learning curve, and carries a risk of both early and late complications...

  11. Tidlig intensiv rehabilitering efter meget svaer traumatisk hjerneskade. Opfølgning seks måneder efter udskrivelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liebach, Annette; Nordenbo, Annette Mosbaek; Engberg, Aase Worsaae

    2007-01-01

    In September 2000 the Brain Injury Unit at Hvidovre Hospital was established, offering subacute intensive rehabilitation to patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Uptake area: Eastern part of Denmark, the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Outcome 6 months after discharge is presented for patient...

  12. MORGAGNİ HERNİSİ: NADİR BİR AKUT BATIN NEDENİ

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Morgagni hernia is a rare congenital diaphragmatic disease that is usually asymptomatic and discovered by chance during routine diagnostic tests performed for other pathologies. Here we present a case of strangulated Morgagni hernia in a 27 year-old man admitted with sign and symptoms of an acute abdomen. A CT scan confirmed the presence of the stomach, omentum, splenic flexura of colon and spleen in the left pleural cavity. An emergency laparotomy permitted reduction of the herniation an...

  13. Monitorering og komplikationer ved konservativ behandling af svær, akut pankreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Novovic, Srdan; Malmstrøm, Marie Louise; Andersen, Anders Møller

    2013-01-01

    Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is associated with a high morbidity and a mortality risk of up to 20%. Although much progress has occurred during the latest couple of years, there are still some major controversies on important issues such as monitoring, fluid therapy, antibiotic treatment...

  14. Generel anæstesi anvendes for hyppigt ved akut sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydshou, Andreas; Mitchell, Anja U; Møller, Ann

    2012-01-01

    As general anaesthesia (GA) for caesarean section (CS) compared to regional anaesthesia (RA) can increase maternal risks, it has been suggested that 85% of all acute CS should be performed in RA. We observed whether anaesthesiologists at a Danish university hospital over a 4,5 year-period fulfilled...

  15. Herpes zoster-associeret morbiditet hos børn i kemoterapi for akut lymfoblastaer leukaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Gitte Vrelits; Helgestad, Jon; Rosthøj, Steen

    2009-01-01

    receiving chemotherapy. All eruptions were treated with acyclovir, in eight cases intravenously, and in six cases chemotherapy was interrupted. Cutaneous dissemination occurred in two cases, visceral dissemination in none. One child had postherpetic trigeminal neuralgia for two months. The eruption rate...

  16. MENGETAHUI KEAMANAN JAMU MADURA "SARI RAPAT" MELALUI UJI MIKROSKOPIS DAN TOKSISITAS SUB AKUT PADA BINATANG COBA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lestari Handayani

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ''Jamu Sari Rapat" made in Madura is a famous traditional medicine especially after promoted at television cable. A cut utilition of the "jamu" was safe, it was provided by no complain from consumers. The problem is how the effect of "jamu" in the longterm consumption. A chosen famous "jamu Sari Rapat'' was taken to be examined. Microscopic examinations were done to know the herbs composition and contamination to patogen bacteries. A sub a cut toxicity exami­nation was done  to find out the safety of "jamu'' to the consumer because of the longterm consumption. The result showed that the ''jamu" was consisted of 9 herbs those were Caryophylli Flos, Kaemferiae rotundae Rhizoma, Curcuma domesticae Rhizoma, Paramcriae Cort ex, Theae Folium, Guazumae Folium, Arecae Semen, Glycyrrhi­ zae Radix and Psidii Folium. A herb (Gallae was written in the label but actually it did not find in microcopic test. It was found that Most Probable Number colliform were contaminated the "jamu" and the Total Plate Count Bacterial number was bigger than standard. Toxicity test showed that there was no toxic effect after 3 month intervention to 54 mice. The conclusion of this study: the "jamu" was safe to be consume in the longterm (more or less 3 months but it might cause illness to the consumers because of patogen bacteries. The production process should be improved to solve those problem.

  17. UJI TOKSISITAS AKUT EKSTRAK DAUN PSIDIUM GUAVA LINN (DAUN JAMBU BIJI TERHADAP MENCIT (MUS MUSCULUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amiyatun Naini

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Psidium guava Linn leaf extract as mouthrinse has been suggested to be used against toothache, and also has suggested effect against diarrhea and vomiting, as well as anti spasmodic and rheumatic symptoms, anti inflammation, anti piretic, analgetic, and anti bacterial activity. However, to consider potential side effects, this work aimed to test the acute toxicity of guava leaf extract. For this purpose guava leaf extract was given orally to to groups of ten mice each at a doses of 1.25g, 2.5, 5, 10 and 21 g/kg body weight in a suspension with CMC Na 0,5%. Ten mice were used as control with a dose of 1 ml CMC Na 0,5%. The results suggest no acute toxicity to mice, since even the biggest dose given (show no measurable value of LD 50. It could be concluded that guava leaf extract shows no acute toxicity to mice at tested concentrations.

  18. Valproatinduceret akut interstitiel nefritis med et alvorligt forløb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martuseviciene, Giedre; Kamper, Anne-Lise; Horn, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    A case of acute interstitial nephritis caused by sodium valproate is reported. The sodium valproate treatment was continued after initial diagnosis and the patient developed end-stage renal failure. After transplantation, interstitial nephritis was demonstrated in the renal graft....

  19. Perforeret akut akalkuløs kolecystitis forårsaget af hepatitis A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cuk, Pedja; Iqbal, Mozammil; Lykke, Jakob

    2014-01-01

    Acute acalculous cholecystitis is a rare condition associated with a high risk of gangrene, empyema and perforation of the gallbladder. In this case report it is described how hepatitis A infection leads to a fulminant perforated acalculous chole-cystitis, which is described sporadically...... cholecystitis....

  20. PENGARUH MEMELIHARA TERNAK DALAM RUMAH TERHADAP KECENDERUNGAN MENINGKATNYA RISIKO INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAPASAN AKUT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Holly Herawati

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: Poor environmental sanitation affects the spread of disease Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI. ln the Basic Health Survey (Riskesdas data Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI asked without known cause. The aim of this paper is to describe of the relationship raising poultry as one of environmental sanitation variables with the incidence of ARI in high prevalence provinces in lndonesia. Methods: The crosss sectional study used from Basic Health Survey (Riskesdas data at 2007. Respondents ISPA is the respondents who had been diagnosed with ARI by medical personnel and have symptoms of respiratory infection during 12 months ago. Results: Ofthe 266,302 respondents, 25.703 (9.6% of respondents diagnosed and had symptoms of ARI. Tendency of the risk of ARI varies each determinant variable. Among others, the risk propensity of respondents who have caged birds without having the risk 0.97 times (ORA = 1.01, 95% CI = 0.97 to 1.06 were the respondents who raise poultry are caged outside the house would be risky 1.01 (ORA = 1.04, 95% CI = 1.01 to 1.21 were the respondents who raise poultry are caged in the home would risk 1.14 (ORA = 1.08, 95% CI = 1.02-1, 14, as a comparison is respondents who did not have poultry Conclusion: Respondents with poultry at risk of being exposed toARI after ajusted by province, age, regional administration, house near high ways, landfill, factory, terminal, repair shop, slaughter house. Key words: Livestock, poultry, accute respiratory infection, Basic Health Survey 2007 ABSTRAK Sanitasi lingkungan yang jelek berpengaruh terhadap penyebaran penyakit Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Atas (ISPA. Data tentang penyakit infeksi saluran pernapasan atas (ISPA ditanyakan pada Riskesdas 2007 namun tidak diketahui penyebabnya. Tujuan dari tulisan ini adalah untuk mengukur hubungan pemeliharaan unggas sebagai salah satu variabel sanitasi lingkungan dengan kejadian ISPA pada provinsi prevalensi tinggi di lndonesia. Metode penelitian Studi crossectional. Data yang dipakai adalah data riskesdas tahun 2007. Responden ISPA adalah responden yang pernah didiagnosa menderita ISPA oleh tenaga medis dan mempunyai gejala ISPA dalam kurun waktu 12 bulan yang lalu. Dari 266.302 responden, 25,703 (9,6% responden terdiagnosa dan punya gejala ISPA. Kecenderungan risiko terkena ISPA bervariasi setiap variabel determinan. Antara lain kecenderungan risiko responden yang mempunyai unggas yang tanpa dikandangkan mempunyai risiko 0,97 kali (ORa = 1,01; 95% CI = 0,97-1,06 sedang responden yang memelihara unggas yang dikandangkan diluar rumah akan berisiko 1,01 (ORa = 1,04;95% CI = 1,01-1,21 sedang responden yang memelihara unggas yang dikandangkan didilam rumah akan berisiko 1,14 (ORa = 1,08; 95% CI = 1,02-1,14, sebagai pembanding adalah responden yang tidak mempunyai unggas. Kesimpulan bahwa responden dengan ternak unggas mempunyai risiko terkena ISPA setelah diajust dengan provinsi, umur, daerah administrasi, jalan raya, TPA, pabrik, terminal, bengkel, rumah potong hewan. Kata kunci: Ternak unggas, kejadiaan ISPA, data riskesdas 2007

  1. Plain film emergency radiology of child abuse: a strategy; Die akute Roentgendiagnostik der Kindesmisshandlung: Eine Strategie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oestreich, A.E. [Children`s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati OH (United States). Dept. of Radiology

    1998-04-01

    A strategy is proposed for the dedicated interpretation of possible radiographic plain film signs that are suspicious for indicating child abuse. For each sign, the features `PRO` raise the question of abuse, while radiographic or clinical findings `CON` suggest an alternate explanation. Birth trauma, oesteogenesis imperfecta, rescue trauma, and metastatic neuroblastoma are among the many entities cited. A triad of situations may lead a radiologist to look systematically for changes from abuse; a triad of resolutions may result from the search. Periosteal reaction is the major factor in dating of fractures; physiologic periosteal reaction of infancy and periosteal reaction from previous fracture must be considered when so dating fractures. (orig.) [Deutsch] Es wird eine Strategie fuer die genaue Interpretation roentgenologischer Befunde, die auf eine Kindesmisshandlung hindeuten koennen, vorgeschlagen. Fuer jeden Befund werfen die unter `PRO` aufgefuehrten Merkmale die Frage nach einer Kindesmisshandlung auf, waehrend radiologische und klinische Befunde unter `CON` andere Erklaerungen nahelegen. Geburtstrauma, Osteogenesis imperfecta, Rettungstrauma und metastasierendes Neuroblastom sind unter den vielen zitierten Differentialdiagnosen. Drei moegliche Situationen koennen den Radiologen dazu veranlassen, systematisch nach Zeichen einer Kindesmisshandlung zu suchen, 3 moegliche Loesungen koennen aus dieser Suche hervorgehen. Eine Periostreaktion ist ein Kardinalbefund zur Datierung von Frakturen. Physiologische Periostreaktionen im fruehen Kindesalter und Periostreaktionen durch fruehere Frakturen muessen bei einer solchen Datierung von Frakturen mitbedacht werden. (orig.)

  2. Akut iliofemoral venøs trombose bør behandles med kateterbaseret trombolyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm, Rikke; Just, Sven; Jørgensen, Maja;

    2012-01-01

    Treatment of acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT) with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) has been performed in Denmark since 1999. The purpose of CDT is to dissolve thrombus and to restore the venous lumen as fast as possible and thereby save venous valve function and prevent...... postthrombotic syndrome. Danish studies have shown that treatment of acute iliofemoral DVT using CDT results in good patency, preserves venous valve function, reduces the frequency of PTS, and is associated with a higher quality of life....

  3. Telemedicinsk praehospital diagnostik og visitation af en patient med akut lungeemboli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Terkelsen, Astrid J.; Nielsen-Kudsk, Jens Erik; Andersen, Henning Rud

    2008-01-01

    pulmonary embolism. The ambulance was referred directly to the nearest department of cardiology where acute CT and echocardiography confirmed the diagnosis. Acute trombolysis was successful. Telemedicine may be beneficial in other medical emergencies than acute myocardial infarction. Udgivelsesdato: 2008......Mortality in untreated pulmonary embolism is high and short-term outcome depends on a timely diagnosis. In this case telemedicine involving 12-lead ECG and GSM-based communication between the patient in the ambulance and the telemedical staff resulted in remote pre-hospital suspicion of acute...

  4. Visitation af patienter, som indlægges akut på mistanke om hjertesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okkels Jensen, Lisette; Holmvang, Lene; Forberg, Jakob Lundager;

    2013-01-01

    Overall, the future emergency departments in Denmark serve as a single portal of entry for all acute patients. At the same time an expansion of prehospital diagnosing and triage will take place. In patients suspected of life-threatening cardiac conditions with specialized treatment requirements...

  5. Korelasi Dosis Akumulasi Obat Kemoterapi Vinkristin Terhadap Kecepatan Hantar Saraf Pada Anak Penderita Leukemia Limfoblastik Akut

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Background : Vincristine is one of chemotherapy drugs for children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) that has neurological effects on the peripheral nervous system. It makes a decrease in the nerve conduction velocity (NCV) that causing the peripheral neuropathy. Objective: To analyse the correlation between the accumulated dose of chemotherapy drug vincristine and the decreasing of the NCV. Methods : A cross sectional study was conducted in H. Adam Malik Hospital Medan from Febru...

  6. Alveolare Flüssigkeitsreabsorption bei akuter und chronischer Hypertonie mit Linksherzinsuffizienz

    OpenAIRE

    Gembardt, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    The results of this work provide novel insights into the pathophysiology of hydrostatic pulmonary edema and thus, open new avenues for its treatment by innovative therapeutic strategies. Traditionally, the formation of hydrostatic lung edema has been exclusively attributed to an increase in capillary fluid filtration. Yet, recent investigations suggested an additional impact of impaired alveolar fluid reabsorption on the pathogenesis of pressure-induced hydrostatic lung edema. Alveolar ...

  7. Imaging of head trauma; Bildgebende Diagnostik akuter Schaedel-Hirn-Verletzungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiesmann, M.; Brueckmann, H. [Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Abt. fuer Neuroradiologie

    1998-08-01

    The role of neuroimaging in the acute setting of head trauma is to diagnose the extent of intracranial injury and to identify all lesions which require urgent neurosurgical treatment. Computed tomography (CT) remains the most important victims. Although magnetic resonance imaging (MR) has higher sensitivity to most traumatic lesions than CT, due to the ease and spend of CT, and the fact that sufficent monitoring of critically ill patients during the examination is much easier with CT than with MR, mean that MR is not the imaging modality of choice for the initial diagnostic work-up. Recent MR techniques such as FLAIR or diffusion imaging further improve the sensitivity of MR in head trauma. Conventional angiography is currently indicated only for few suspected vascular lesions (e.g. traumatic arterio-venous fistulas, vascular dissections). (orig.) [Deutsch] In der Akutphase nach einem Schaedel-Hirn-Trauma soll die bildgebende Diagnostik das Ausmass der intrakraniellen Schaedigung zeigen und v.a. die Laesionen sicher erfassen, die eine umgehende kausale Therapie erfordern. Hierzu ist die Computertomographie initial die wichtigste diagnostische Massnahme. Die Magnetresonanztomographie ist der Computertomographie diagnostisch ueberlegen. Aufgrund des hoeheren Zeitbedarfs und der schwierigeren Patientenueberwachung wird sie jedoch nicht primaer in der Akutdiagnostik durchgefuehrt. Neuere Verfahren wie FLAIR oder diffusionsgewichtete Untersuchungstechniken erweitern die diagnostische Aussagefaehigkeit der Magnetresonanztomographie beim Schaedel-Hirn-Trauma. Die digitale Subtraktionsangiographie ist nur noch indiziert bei speziellen Fragestellungen, wie etwa einer Karotis-sinus-cavernosus-Fistel oder einer traumatischen Dissektion der hirnversorgenden Arterien. (orig.)

  8. Magnetic resonance imaging in acute intractional tuberculosis; Magnetresonanztomographie bei akuter intrakranieller Tuberkulose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Venz, S. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Sander, B. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Benndorf, G. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Terstegge, K. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Podrabsky, P. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Cordes, M. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Felix, R. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany)

    1994-12-31

    We reported three cases of acute intracranial tuberculosis including miliary tuberculosis, basal meningitis, tuberculomas and neuritis of cranial nerves. All patients had native and contrast enhanced CT and MRI scans. MRI revealed more granulomas and a better imaging contrast in the detection of basal meningitis. Neuritis was diagnosed only with the MRI. MRI scans should be prefered as the imaging procedure in clinically presumed intracranial tuberculosis. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Befunde von drei Patienten mit intrakranieller Tuberkulose (intrakranielle Miliartuberkulose, Meningitis tuberculosa, Neuritis und Tuberkulome) in der Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) wurden mit der Computertomographie (CT) verglichen. Sowohl die MRT als auch die CT wurden nativ und nach Kontrastmittelgabe durchgefuehrt. Die MRT zeigte sich im Nachweis von Granulomen insbesondere im Bereich des Hirnstamms ueberlegen. Ebenso wurde ein hoeherer Bildkontrast bei der Darstellung der Meningitis beobachtet. Eine Neuritis der Hirnnerven war nur mit der MRT nachweisbar. Die kontrastmittelunterstuetzte MRT sollte in der bildgebenden Diagnostik einer intrakraniellen Turberkulose primaer zum Einsatz gelangen. (orig.)

  9. Massiv akut overdosering med liraglutid medførte ikke hypoglykæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Lene Margrethe Ring; Christiansen, Jens Juel

    2015-01-01

    Glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 analogues such as liraglutide have gained popularity in the treatment of type 2 diabetes over the last years. By mimicking the effects of the native GLP-1, it enhances the glucose-dependent secretion of insulin, suppresses elevated glucagon secretion, increases satiety...

  10. Behandling af højt blodtryk hos patienter med akut apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, T S; Jørgensen, H S; Garde, E;

    1995-01-01

    The study was performed to investigate how often reduction of high blood pressure (> or = 220 mmHg systolic and or > or = 120 mmHg diastolic) was attempted in patients with acute stroke or transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Of 1351 consecutive patients with acute stroke or TIA 119 had high blood...

  11. Akut myokardieinfarkt i Danmark. Udvikling i incidens og prognose gennem 20 år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mette; Rasmussen, S; Juel, K

    2000-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The paper describes the epidemiology of acute myocardial infarction in Denmark. The study provides statistics on mortality, incidence and case-fatality for 1996 and the time trend since 1978. The results are compared to the results from the international MONICA study. METHOD...... fatality. In the period 1985-1996 the incidence decreased by 3.5% per year for men and 2.5% for women. Mortality rates within 28 days after admission to hospital with MI was almost constant until 1988 following which there was a significant drop. Despite the improved prognosis for MI patients, one quarter...

  12. Kadar N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide sebagai Prediktor Luaran Klinis Sindrom Koroner Akut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florencia Idajanti Tandhana

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Plasma levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP levels may reflect the severity of ischemia, although there is no necrosis. A transient ischemia which can increase the heart wall stretch would induces BNP synthesis and release. Synthesis and release of BNP are comparable with the severity of ischemia. The aim of this study was to analyze whether NT-proBNP levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS can be used as a predictor for clinical outcome. Studies was held since January to March 2010. Subject were patients with ACS who came to emergency room Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung and were clinically diagnosed according to World Health Organization criteria. Subjects which were suited with the inclusion criteria, stored until assayed. NT-pro BNP concentration was examined by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay method along with creatine kinase muscle brain (enzymatic method and cardiac troponin T (quantitative method. Statistical analysis was performed using the one-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for verifying normality, normally distributed data were analyzed using parametric analysis and abnormal distributed data was assayed using multiple logistic regression analysis to determine the parameters which can be used as predictor for clinical outcome in patients with ACS. Multiple logistic regression analysis on 83 subjects showed predictive value of NT-proBNP levels with OR=1.00, which mean there was no different likelihood in patients with high and low concentration of NT-proBNP to have longer hospitality duration. NT-proBNP β coefficient of 0.001 states that every addition of 1,000 pg/mL of NT-proBNP concentration will increase the length of hospitality duration for one day. On convalesce subjects, the most significant predictive value for predicting clinical outcome cTnT was more better than NT-proBNP concentration in patients with ACS (OR=32.53, 95%CI; 0.58–1,819.26. In conclusions, NT-proBNP is not a major predictor of clinical outome in ACS. NT-proBNP levels of >826.7 pg/mL implies a poor prognosis to death.

  13. Effekt af trombolytisk behandling på udfaldet af tidlig arbejdstest hos patienter med akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Madsen, J K; Saunamäki, K I;

    1994-01-01

    Exercise test variables, such as an impaired heart rate response, are known to be related to left ventricular function and patient prognosis following acute myocardial infarction. The present study was performed to compare exercise test variables in acute myocardial infarct patients following eit...

  14. Achromobacter Xylosoxidans’a Bağlı Akut Prostatit: Bir Olgu Sunumu,

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a rare cause of the urinary system infections and occurs usually in patients under immunosuppressive treatment. We present a case with acute prostatitis which result from urodynamic investigation, with positive urine culture caused by Achromobacter xylosoxidans

  15. Stenting plus coiling: dangerous or helpful?; Stenting plus Coiling bei akut rupturierten intrakraniellen Aneurysmen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wanke, I.; Gizewski, E.; Doerfler, A.; Stolke, D.; Forsting, M. [Essen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Radiologie und Neuroradiologie

    2005-09-01

    Purpose: the purpose of this study was to evaluate the procedural risk of treating acute ruptured aneurysms with a stentcoil combination. Material and methods: between August 2001 and January 2004 we treated nine acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients with a combination of stents and platinum coils. Results: six aneurysms were 100% eliminated; the residual three aneurysms had a 95% to 99% occlusion. A transient thrombosis in the stent in one patient could be recanalized by intravenous application of ReoPro {sup registered}. In another patient an occlusive vasospasm at the distal end of the stent was successfully treated with intraarterial Nimotop {sup registered}. Neurological complications occurred in none of the patients. Conclusion: in broad-based aneurysms which cannot be clipped or in which any neurosurgical treatment presents an unacceptably high risk (posterior circulation and paraophthalmic aneurysms), treatment using a combination of stent and platinum coils might be an option even in the acute phase of an SAH. Platelet aggregation can be treated with Aspirin registered and Plavix {sup registered} after placement of the first coil, vasospasms with intraarterial Nimotop {sup registered}, and acute stent thrombosis with GP IIa/IIIb-antagonists. (orig.)

  16. Svær akut underernæring hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fabiansen, Christian; Christensen, Vibeke Brix; Eklund, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects approx. 19 million children below five years of age in low and middle income countries. Both shortage and low quality of foods are important determinants of SAM. With the development of special ready-to-use foods and by using simple treatment protocols, it ......, it is now possible to treat SAM successfully outside hospitals and treatment centers thereby reducing the case-fatality rate. However, only a small percentage of children with SAM have access to correct treatment....

  17. Pengujian Toksisitas Akut Oral Dan Dermal pada Biolarvasida Metarhizium anisopliae terhadap Tikus Putih Spraque Dawley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Zulfiana

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Acute oral and dermal toxicity test against white rats was conducted to determine the toxicity and side effects of bio-larvacide (Metarhizium anisopliae crude extract on humans. In the oral test used a maximum dose 5000 mg/kg and dermal testing used a maximum dose of 2000 mg/kg. Dose treatment and control tested to 5 Spraque Dawley male rats. The results showed that oral treatment with a dose of 5000 mg/kg did not cause mortality and did not cause changes in anatomic pathology of viceral organs. In the dermal treatment with a dose of 2000 mg/kg did not cause mortality and did not cause changes in anatomic pathology of viceral organs. Based on these results LD50 acute oral M. anisopliae biolarvacide above 5000 mg/kg and the acute dermal is above 2000 mg/kg. It was therefore concluded that the formulation of Metarhizium anisopliae biolarvasida classified as not hazardous when used in accordance with the recommendation of the class I (WHO, 2003.

  18. Ruptur af fri venstre ventrikelvaeg, septum og papillaermuskler ved akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeld, Thomas; Hassager, Christian; Hjortdal, Vibeke E.

    2009-01-01

    The risk of complications to acute myocardial infarction (AMI), such as cardiogenic shock, is 5-10%. The cause is often left heart failure and sometimes right heart failure, but it can be mechanical AMI complications (MCA) in the form of rupture of the left ventricle and papillary muscle rupture....... This risk of MCA can be reduced by sufficient revascularisation, but these rare differential diagnoses to cardiogenic shock remain important. Echocardiography is the diagnostic gold standard. First line treatment is medical and often mechanical stabilization, but this should not delay quick surgical...

  19. Perbandingan efektivitas kombinasi zink-probiotik dengan zink tunggal dalam mengurangi keparahan diare akut

    OpenAIRE

    Hatta, Muhammad

    2011-01-01

    Bacground The incidence of diarrhea in Indonesia has declined in the last five years, but the mortality rate in under five years old is still high, appropriate and comprehensive management is essential. Many studies described the management of diarrhea, especially zinc and probiotics. It is not yet known whether a combination of both is better than single zinc in reducing the severity of acute diarrhea. Objective To compare the efficacy of zinc-probiotic combination with zinc in reducing...

  20. Mænd med rejsningsbesvær efter radikal prostatektomi bør behandles efter sædvanlige retningslinjer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fode, Mikkel; Hansen, Rikke Bølling; Maigaard, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    . The method is effective in animal models, but the results cannot be confirmed in humans. At this time, treatment regimens which actually create erections and allow for sexual intercourse following surgery should be prescribed. These include PDE5 inhibitors, vacuum erection devices, injection therapy...

  1. Mænd med rejsningsbesvær efter radikal prostatektomi bør behandles efter sædvanlige retningslinjer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fode, Mikkel; Hansen, Rikke Bølling; Maigaard, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    . The method is effective in animal models, but the results cannot be confirmed in humans. At this time, treatment regimens which actually create erections and allow for sexual intercourse following surgery should be prescribed. These include PDE5 inhibitors, vacuum erection devices, injection therapy...

  2. Graviditet efter bariatrisk kirurgi kræver speciel opmærksomhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Renault, Kristina Martha; Andersen, Lise Lotte; Kjær, Mette Mandrup;

    2012-01-01

    In the latest years the number of pregnant women having undergone bariatric surgery before pregnancy has increased rapidly. In pregnancy, they seem to have a reduced risk of obesity-related complications but an increased risk of mechanical complications causing small bowel obstruction and complic......In the latest years the number of pregnant women having undergone bariatric surgery before pregnancy has increased rapidly. In pregnancy, they seem to have a reduced risk of obesity-related complications but an increased risk of mechanical complications causing small bowel obstruction...

  3. Smertetilstand og psykologisk distress før uheldet praedikterer gener efter whiplash-traume--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, Tina Birgitte Wisbech; Frostholm, Lisbeth; Ørnbøl, Eva

    2009-01-01

    Patients with acute whiplash trauma were followed to examine if pre-collision pain and psychological distress were associated with reduced work capability and neck pain at 12 month follow-up. Pre-collision unspecified pain was associated with reduced work capability, and neck pain and pre...

  4. Livstruende underernæring efter gastrisk bypass behandlet med reetablering af normal tarmanatomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Inge Marie; Hansen, Dorte Lindqvist; Grønbæk, Karin Elmegård

    2014-01-01

    reverting the stomach and small intestine into normal anatomy and it was performed without complications so the condition resolved. The malnutrition was probably caused by a mixture of an eating disorder and the effects of the operation influencing gut hormones. It is important to handle this category......We present a case report of a woman who had repeating episodes of severe life-threatening malnutrition four years after a laparoscopic gastric bypass operation for severe overweight. Despite several normal examinations her condition remained unstable. She was offered a laparoscopic operation...

  5. Patienttilfredshed efter hofte- og knaealloplastik med kort vs. lang indlaeggelse. III

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Hansen, Hans Christian; Holm, Gitte

    2006-01-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate patient satisfaction with the hospital stay in relation to the length of stay for patients operated on with primary total hip- and knee-arthroplasty (THA and TKA).......The goal of this study was to evaluate patient satisfaction with the hospital stay in relation to the length of stay for patients operated on with primary total hip- and knee-arthroplasty (THA and TKA)....

  6. Håndtering af patienter med alvorlige kroniske smerter efter lyskebrokkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werner, Mads U; Kehlet, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    and electrophysiological methods. Published data on 54 patients, treated with mesh removal and selective neurectomy, demonstrated that 65% patients experienced long-term reduction of pain. The PPHG unit is actively engaged in surgical and pharmacological research in order to improve treatment strategies....

  7. Forebyggelse efter apopleksi - et spørgsmål om kontrol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hornnes, Nete

    2001-01-01

    . The Health Belief Model er en blandt flere måder at anskue adherence på. En styrke ved modellen er udgangspunktet i sygdom som en oplevet trussel. En begrænsning er, at den ikke inddrager den værdi, patienten tillægger et godt helbred. Formålet med denne afhandling er at udvide indsigten i...

  8. Efter Energiutmaningen : Vad hände med undervisningen i fysik?

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Amanda

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to try to find out what effect subject oriented projects like Energiutmaningen has on the teachers, with a focus on teachers’ physics education. What was the experience for the teachers who participated and what effects did the project have on them. Four teachers were interviewed through qualitative interviews. From the result it showed that the most experienced teachers, who have been teaching physics for many years, gained a new perspective of their teaching, t...

  9. Cerebral absces med Vibrio cholerae non-01 efter badning i dansk havvand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torp-Pedersen, Trine; Nielsen, Xiaohui Chen; Olsen, Katharina E P

    2012-01-01

    We present the first case of intracerebral abscess after blood-borne infection with non-toxigenic Vibrio cholerae (non-01). The patient was a 66 year-old woman who was infected after swimming in Danish seawater during an unusually hot summer. She had predisposing haemochromatosis and a skin lesion...... on the ankle. We treated the patient with meropenem and ciprofloxacin for six weeks followed by ciprofloxacin for four weeks, and she recovered with hemiparesis and speech impairment. Marine Vibrio species may produce intracranial infection in predisposed individuals, even in temperate climate zones....

  10. Gode resultater efter Hartmanns operation for cancer recti hos højrisikopatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Togsverd-Bo, Morten; Gögenur, Ismail; Harvald, Thomas;

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of per- and postoperative complications of low anterior resection and Hartmann's operation (HO) for rectal cancer. The study was performed in a department with a high frequency of HO....

  11. Perforeret sinus maxillaris efter fald mod nøddeknækker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rye Rasmussen, Eva; Arndal, Helge; Larsen, Per Leganger

    2011-01-01

    We present a case of open fracture of maxillary sinus following fall against a nutcracker. The only pathological findings were a small wound and subcutaneous emphysema in the front of and behind the right maxillary sinus. There was no flattening of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus, conseq...

  12. Overlevelse efter lynnedslag og behandling af tilstødende komplikationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Malene Lægdsgaard; Uslu, Bülent; Lind, Morten Nikolaj;

    2011-01-01

    Lightning strike is an unpredictable weather phenomenon which can cause a variety of injuries to the human body. We present a case report with a 24-year-old male football player, who survived prolonged cardiac arrest after a lighting strike and then presented with multiple organ dysfunction due...

  13. Tunge- og stemmebåndsparese efter endotrakeal intubation for Legionella-pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sønnichsen, Rikke; Lauritsen, Anne Oberg

    2013-01-01

    Extracranial involvement of the hypoglossal nerve and recurrent laryngeal branch of the vagal nerve can be a complication of anaesthetic airway management (Tapia's syndrome) or focal involvement due to Legionella infection. We present a patient with bilateral hypoglossal and unilateral recurrent...... laryngeal nerves palsy after a complicated intubation and a Legionella infection. Clarithromycin therapy was started. Within months, tongue mobility and swallowing gradually improved. Two months after discharge persisting unilateral recurrent nerve palsy was observed....

  14. Skadestuehenvendelser i H:S efter aendringen af skadestuestrukturen på Rigshospitalet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, J L; Larsen, C F; Lippert, F K;

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe changes in the use of accident and emergency departments in the Copenhagen Hospital Co-operation after restricted admittance to the accident and emergency department at a large Danish university hospital, Rigshospitalet (admittance only for patients transport...

  15. Social ulighed i incidens og overlevelse efter kraeft i Danmark--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalton, Susanne Oksbjerg; Schüz, Joachim; Engholm, Gerda;

    2010-01-01

    This register-based study describes social variations in cancer incidence and survival in 3.22 million Danish residents born 1925-1973 and aged >or= 30 years. We followed up for cancer incidence in 1994-2003 and for survival in 1994-2006, yielding 147,973 cancers. The incidence increased with low...... education and income, especially for tobacco- and other lifestyle-related cancers. Social inequality in the prognosis of most cancers was observed, with poorer relative survival related to fewer advantages, often most pronounced in the first year after diagnosis.......This register-based study describes social variations in cancer incidence and survival in 3.22 million Danish residents born 1925-1973 and aged >or= 30 years. We followed up for cancer incidence in 1994-2003 and for survival in 1994-2006, yielding 147,973 cancers. The incidence increased with lower...

  16. Livstruende ekstrauterin hjørnegraviditet efter in vitro-fertilisation og bilateral salpingektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Claudi, Anne; Steen-Hansen, Christian; Nørgaard, Lone Nikoline

    2015-01-01

    of an ectopic pregnancy due to the history of salpingectomy. The patient had intraabdominal bleeding and went through emergency surgery because of a ruptured interstitial pregnancy. The purpose of this case report is to recall the risk of interstitial pregnancy in pregnant women with a history of salpingectomy.......A woman with a history of bilateral salpingectomy achieved pregnancy after in vitro fertilization. At the gestational age of six weeks she experienced fatigue, haematemesis and abdominal pain. She was hospitalized on suspicion of a peptic ulcer. Several physicians rejected the possibility...

  17. Benign paroksysmal positionel vertigo kan opstå efter hovedtraumer hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Maria Schøler; Rokkjær, Malene Sine; Berg, Jette;

    2015-01-01

    We present an eight-year-old boy with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) after a head trauma, successfully treated with Epley's manoeuvre. BPPV is a common cause of vestibular vertigo in adults, but it is rarely seen in children. Diagnostic work-up is challenging as children often lack...... the ability to describe their symptoms accurately and to cooperate in clinical examination. The diagnosis should be suspected in children with a relevant medical history and verified by positional testing. BPPV of childhood is treated with otolith repositioning manoeuvres, and the prognosis is good....

  18. Senbivirkninger efter kurativt anlagt strålebehandling for prostata cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fokdal, Lars; Høyer, Morten

    2005-01-01

    In this study we report late bladder, gastrointestinal and sexual       dysfunctions in 23 patients following radical radiotherapy       (66Gy-70Gy/33-35fx, 5 fx/week) for prostate cancer. We interviewed the       subjects by telephone and compared the results with those of 45 healthy       popul...... suffered from       erectile impotence...

  19. Systemisk prokinetisk behandling af postoperativ ileus efter abdominalkirurgi. Gennemgang af et Cochrane-review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holte, Kathrine

    2010-01-01

    Based on the evidence presented in the Cochrane review "Systemic prokinetic pharmacologic treatment for postoperative adynamic ileus following abdominal surgery in adults", routine administration of systemic prokinetics for the prevention of postoperative ileus is not recommendable. The potential...

  20. Agriculture and food production after a nuclear power accident; Jordbruk och livsmedelsproduktion efter en kaernenergiolycka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ulvsand, T. [Defence Research Establishment, Umeaa (Sweden). Div. of NBC Defence; Finck, R. [Swedish Radiation Protection Inst., Stockholm (Sweden); Preuthun, J. [Swedish Board of Agriculture, Joenkoeping (Sweden); Rosen, K. [Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden); Svensson, Kettil [National Food Administration, Uppsala (Sweden)

    1999-02-01

    In a situation with radioactive fall-out in agricultural areas in Sweden, many organisations will be engaged. The authorities in the field of agriculture and food will give advices and recommendations, the producers will see to their interests, the consumers will react and researchers and experts will be engaged. A combined game and seminar was carried through in the city of Huskvarna 17 - 18 March, 1998 with participation from the responsible authorities: Swedish Board of Agriculture, National Food Administration, Swedish Radiation Protection Institute and from producers, organisations and the government and with researchers and people from contract laboratories. The game and seminar was based upon a scenario with a release of radioactivity from the nuclear power plant of Ignalina in early July and focused on the threat phase and the time close to the deposition. The release and the weather condition resulted in a deposition of {sup 137}Cs and {sup 131}I in agricultural areas in southern Sweden. The biggest levels of deposition took place in the county of Oestergoetland, where the resulting levels were three times the highest levels in Sweden after the Chernobyl-accident The seminar combined lectures, group-work and discussions and actualised a great number of issues that should be further investigated. The report ends with a factual part about possible countermeasures in agriculture 13 refs, 6 figs

  1. Et tilfælde af brucella spondylodiscitis efter rejse til Libanon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Stig Lønberg; Johansen, Isik Somuncu

    2012-01-01

    Brucellosis is a widespread endemic zoonotic infection affecting more than 500,000 people per year. The disease is very uncommon in Denmark and almost always imported. We present a case of a 57 year-old male with blood culture and magnetic resonance imaging verified brucella spondylodiscitis. Prior...... to debut of symptoms the patient had visited Lebanon where he had ingested unpasteurized goat milk. The patient was initially treated with an antimicrobial chemotherapy regimen for 12 weeks, which was prolonged due to inadequate radiological response....

  2. Svær dehydrering hos nyfødt efter ambulant fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøstesen, Lisbeth Marianne; Fenger-Grøn, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    in Denmark. The case emphasizes the necessity of a sufficient safety net beneath the newborn children in order to minimise the risk of breast-feeding problems and re-hospitalizing. Neonatal problems such as marked weight loss, dehydration, hypernatremia and marked jaundice are potentially preventable.......A nine day-old girl was hospitalised because of breast-feeding problems and life-threatening hypernatremic dehydration; weight loss was 30% of birth weight and s-Na 187 mmol/l. The question is raised whether there could be an association to the current changes in the perinatal health care...

  3. Livskvalitet mere end fem år efter brystkraeft--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peuckmann, Vera Irina; Grønvold, Mogens; Ekholm, Ola;

    2010-01-01

    In this national survey, long-term breast cancer survivors (BCS) (n = 1,316) reported quality of life comparable to data from the general Danish female population, but a significantly higher prevalence of chronic pain (42% versus 32%). Paraesthesia, phantom sensation, allodynia, and swelling of arm....../shoulder were also reported, and every fifth woman felt that these sequelae limited her daily activities. Health care utilization indicated chronic morbidity. Relatively young age, short education, and former radiotherapy were risk factors for issues such as pain....

  4. Livskvalitet mere end fem år efter brystkraeft--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peuckmann, Vera; Grønvold, Mogens; Ekholm, Ola;

    2010-01-01

    In this national survey, long-term breast cancer survivors (BCS) (n = 1,316) reported quality of life comparable to data from the general Danish female population, but a significantly higher prevalence of chronic pain (42% versus 32%). Paraesthesia, phantom sensation, allodynia, and swelling of arm....../shoulder were also reported, and every fifth woman felt that these sequelae limited her daily activities. Health care utilization indicated chronic morbidity. Relatively young age, short education, and former radiotherapy were risk factors for issues such as pain. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Feb-22...

  5. Spinocellulært karcinom opstået ved cikatrice efter Calmette-vaccination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Maria; Andersen, F.; Salskov-Iversen, Maria Luise

    2014-01-01

    Marjolin's ulcer is an aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) found in chronically inflamed skin. SCC has been reported in smallpox vaccination sites, whereas basal cell carcinomas are more common in scar after bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. A 72-year-old man presented with a chronic...

  6. Overlevelse og dødsårsager efter traumatisk rygmarvsskade. Et epidemiologisk langtidsstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartkopp, P A; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik; Seidenschnur, A M;

    1998-01-01

    follow-up over four decades. The survey included a total of 888 individuals who had survived the injury and were rehabilitated at the Centre for the Spinal Cord Injured, East-Denmark between 1.1.1953-31.12.1990. At the end of the follow-up, 31st of December 1992, 236 had died. The most common causes......Life expectancy among individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI) has remained lower than normal, even with optimal medical management. But improvement has been achieved, as shown by this study of an unselected population of survivors of traumatic SCI, dead or still living. There has been complete...

  7. To tilfaelde af neonatal meningitis efter indførelse af nyt gentamicinregime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Anne Sofie; Fenger-Grøn, Jesper; Møller, Jens Kjølseth;

    2016-01-01

    Neonates with suspected or proven sepsis are treated with ampicillin and until recently with 5 mg gentamicin/kg every 24 h. New guidelines recommend the same gentamicin dose, but with longer intervals depending on gestational age. Two neonates receiving gentamicin every 48 h improved initially, b...

  8. Graviditet efter bariatrisk kirurgi kræver speciel opmærksomhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Renault, Kristina Martha; Andersen, Lise Lotte Torvin; Kjær, Mette Karie Mandrup;

    2012-01-01

    In the latest years the number of pregnant women having undergone bariatric surgery before pregnancy has increased rapidly. In pregnancy, they seem to have a reduced risk of obesity-related complications but an increased risk of mechanical complications causing small bowel obstruction...... and complications due to malabsorption. This article reviews the effect of bariatric surgery before pregnancy on obstetric and neonatal outcomes and provides, based on the limited available evidence, recommendations for the management of pregnancy in these women....

  9. Fejldiagnostik ved vaginal skanning hos en kvinde, der var gravid efter hormonel follikelstimulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Najami, Issam; Salomon, Søren

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 21-year-old woman who developed a simultaneous extra- and intrauterine pregnancy after hormonal induction of ovulation. The case shows a delay in the detection, relying on usual measures as vaginal ultrasound scanning, of the ectopic pregnancy resulting in peritonealia an...

  10. Botanisk genbesøg i Simested sogn 178 år efter Salomon Drejer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Hans Henrik

    2016-01-01

    Tag med tidsmaskinen tilbage til Himmerland år 1836-37 og bliv klogere på hvordan den lokale flora er forandret. Det er en bestemt slags arter og naturtyper som denne egn - og Danmark som helhed – er blevet fattigere på siden dengang....

  11. Normalisering af venstre ventrikel efter 13 måneders mekanisk cirkulationsstøtte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafsson, Finn; Møller, Jacob E; Hansen, Peter B;

    2010-01-01

    We discuss the first Danish case in which a left ventricular assist device (HeartMate 2) could be explanted after 13 months of support due to cardiac recovery in a young patient who presented with severe dilated cardiomyopathy during pregnancy. Aggressive medical treatment with angiotensin conver...... converting enzyme inhibitor, beta blocker and aldosterone antagonist was used, and the patient remained stable without circulatory support several months after device removal....

  12. Komplet remission efter rituximabbehandling ved refraktær hårcelleleukæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petruskevicius, Irma; Bukh, Anne; Johnsen, Hans Erik

    2008-01-01

    A 40 year-old man with hairy cell leukemia (HCL) was treated with Cladribin, but achieved only partial response (PR). As expected, both 2 and 5 years later the disease had progressed and the patient was therefore twice retreated with Cladribin. A bone marrow examination after the last Cladribin...

  13. Komplet remission af højmalignt lymfom i ventriklen efter eradikation af Helicobacter pylori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høeg, Rasmus Tetens; Skau, Anne-Marie; Nørgaard, Peter

    2011-01-01

    A 91 year-old man was found to have diffuse large cell B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), localized to the stomach. Because of his age, his only treatment was anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy. He achieved a complete remission, and six months after the initial presentation, there were no signs of recurrence...

  14. Frihedsberøvelse i psykiatrien efter den nye psykiatrilovs indførelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, M

    1992-01-01

    This investigation shows that the rate of commitment to mental hospitals in Denmark increased from the year before the introduction of the new Danish psychiatric legislation when it was 24.4 (23.1-25.8) per 100,000 of the population till the year after when it was 28.4 (27.0-29.9) of the population....... The commitment rates for men and women were found to be identical after introduction of the new legislation. On the basis of data from the closed wards in the Psychiatric Hospital in Arhus, which receives approximately 11% of all committed patients in Denmark, it was found that the total number of admissions...... where patients were deprived of their liberty was nearly twice that of the number of involuntary admissions in the period immediately after introduction of the legislation. The average duration of involuntary detainment for committed patients was 20 days (1-101 days) and for patients admitted...

  15. Arteriovenøs fistel efter skudlaesion. Kvalitativ og kvantitativ diagnosticering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck, A M; Bülow, J B; Mortensen, D P

    1989-01-01

    A man aged 33 years developed an arterio-venous fistula following a gunshot wound from behind in the right calf. The quality of the fistula could be demonstrated employing digital subtraction angiographic technique while the quantity was demonstrated employing 99Tc macroaggregated albumin....... The localization of the fistula is important in view of the surgical procedure and the haemodynamic amount is important to determine cardiac involvement....

  16. Hvad skal vi se efter i mundhulen--og hvad kan vi gøre?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dabelsteen, Erik

    2010-01-01

    Patients present with symptoms of the oral cavity at their general practitioner (GP). As a general rule, the GP should refer the patient to a dentist for diagnosis and treatment. However, treatment of acute infections can be started by the GP. In the present paper, the diagnosis and treatment of ...

  17. Coarctatio aortae: 40 års opfølgning efter kirurgisk korrektion - sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høimyr, Hilde; Pedersen, Thais A L; Christensen, Thomas D;

    2009-01-01

    Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) was previously considered cured after surgical repair. Among 229 patients operated for CoA in Aarhus between 1965 and 1985, 14 died at surgery and 35 died during 20-40 years of follow-up, mainly due to cardiovascular disease. The mortality among CoA patients was 4...

  18. Unge hørehæmmede efter Frijsenborg Efterskole. Delrapport 4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Niels-Henrik Møller

    Denne rapport beskriver resultaterne af en spørgeskemaundersøgelse blandt tidligere elever på Frijsenborg Efterskole. Fælles for eleverne, der deltager i undersøgelsen, er, at de alle har et høretab. Vores mål med undersøgelsen og denne rapport er at belyse, hvordan det går med de hørehæmmede ele...

  19. Udvikling af refraktaert vasodilatorisk shock og permanent horetab efter svaer lithiumforgiftning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moller, A.M.; Plenge, Ulla

    2008-01-01

    organ dysfunction ceased. The patient survived with marked loss of hearing, tinnitus and vertigo as the only sequelae. We discuss the mechanism of lithium's inhibitory effect on the phosphoinositide cascade as the possible explanation for the vasodilatory shock as well as the hearing deficiency...

  20. Arteriovenøs fistel med objektiv tinnitus efter fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Jacob; Katholm, Morten; Cortsen, Marie

    2011-01-01

    This case-report describes an otherwise healthy younger woman with post partum onset of objective pulsatile tinnitus. Neuroradiological examination revealed a dural fistula that was later closed using endovascular coiling technique, after which the patient's tinnitus disappeared. At 6-month follow......-up the patient was symptom-free. This case report emphasises the importance of examining for objective tinnitus in patients complaining of tinnitus, as the causes of objective pulsatile tinnitus can frequently be treated successfully....

  1. Udvikling af refraktaert vasodilatorisk shock og permanent høretab efter svaer lithiumforgiftning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plenge, Ulla; Møller, Ann M

    2008-01-01

    organ dysfunction ceased. The patient survived with marked loss of hearing, tinnitus and vertigo as the only sequelae. We discuss the mechanism of lithium's inhibitory effect on the phosphoinositide cascade as the possible explanation for the vasodilatory shock as well as the hearing deficiency....

  2. Visceral leishmaniasis hos to børn efter ferie i Sydeuropa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castberg, Filip Christian; Poulsen, Anja; Petersen, Bodil Laub

    2013-01-01

    Pancytopenia, fever and splenomegaly are frequent causes for referrals to paediatric haematology departments, on the suspicion of acute leukaemia. We report two cases of Danish children with the tropical disease visceral leishmaniasis (VL) contracted on short vacations in Southern Europe. One...

  3. Tegn og iagttagelse. At læse Erslev efter den sproglige vending

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Dorthe Gert

    2001-01-01

    Historie, Historieteori, Historisk metode, Klassisk kildekritik, New Historicism, Den sproglige vending......Historie, Historieteori, Historisk metode, Klassisk kildekritik, New Historicism, Den sproglige vending...

  4. Kan strategien for primaer sundhedstjeneste genoplives 30 år efter Alma-Ata?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Stine; Probst, Helene Bilsted; Bygbjerg, Ib

    2010-01-01

    Thirty years ago the Alma-Ata declaration on primary health care was developed. Implementation has been compounded by inadequate financing, changing disease patterns and immature health systems, and there is an ongoing discussion between selective and comprehensive primary health care supporters...

  5. Etårig praktisk oplæring efter kandidatuddannelsen i odontologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fiehn, Nils-Erik

    2010-01-01

    I forbindelse med vedtagelsen af autorisationsloven i 2006 bortfaldt ”jus practicandi”-ordningen, og i stedet indførtes et 12-måneders klinisk oplæringsforløb ved ansættelse for nyuddannede tandlæger i såvel børne- og ungdomstandplejen som voksentandplejen. Artiklen fokuserer på de årsager, der l...

  6. Traumevisitation i Nordsjaelland før og efter indsaettelse af akutlaegebil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meisler, Rikke; Berlac, Peter Anthony

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Prompt and correct triage to a facility capable of providing optimal care is important for survival and functional outcome after major trauma. This study compared the influence of on-scene deployment of physicians with medical telephone counselling of paramedics on the triage...... period was divided into two intervals. Triage in the first interval was based on telephone counselling of paramedics by consultant anaesthesiologists. Triage in the second interval was performed by the same anaesthesiologists deployed in the field. Triage decisions, Injury Severity Score (ISS) and 30-day...

  7. Konservativ behandling af sårinfektioner efter operation for mammacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lanng, Charlotte; Hoffmann, Jack

    2002-01-01

    treated conservatively with repeated aspiration or replacement of the drain, 5% had spontaneous perforation of the wound abscess, corresponding to a small area of necrosis, and healed without operation. Five per cent had a major area of necrosis with underlying infections. These patients had their wound...

  8. Trichinosis efter indtagelse af kød importeret fra Polen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cunha-Bang, Caspar da; Lunding, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    Infection with trichinellosis is acquired through consumption of raw or insufficiently processed meat which is contaminated with infectious Trichinella species. This parasitic infection is rare in Denmark. In June 2007, a Danish woman was diagnosed with trichinellosis after ingesting a Polish tea...... of diagnosis. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug-10Infection with trichinellosis is acquired through consumption of raw or insufficiently processed meat which is contaminated with infectious Trichinella species. This parasitic infection is rare in Denmark. In June 2007, a Danish woman was diagnosed with trichinellosis...

  9. Trichinosis efter indtagelse af kød importeret fra Polen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    da Cunha-Bang, Caspar; Lunding, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    Infection with trichinellosis is acquired through consumption of raw or insufficiently processed meat which is contaminated with infectious Trichinella species. This parasitic infection is rare in Denmark. In June 2007, a Danish woman was diagnosed with trichinellosis after ingesting a Polish tea...

  10. Prognosen for børn født efter assisteret reproduktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsen, Anna-Karina Aaris; Loft, Anne; Malchau, Sara Sofia

    2012-01-01

    this. However, adverse outcomes persist even in ART singletons. The characteristics of the infertile parents have negative effects on the outcome, but also the hormone stimulation and the in vitro techniques are thought to play a role. A milder hormone stimulation and elective single embryo transfer...

  11. Fatalt forløb efter intoksikation med det nye designerdrug 25C-NBOMe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tarpgaard, Maren; Mærkedahl, Rikke; Lauridsen, Karen Buch

    2015-01-01

    This is a case report of a 22-year-old man, who snorted the content of three capsules of the new designer drug 25C-NBOMe (2-(4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-[(2-methoxyphenyl)methyl]ethanamine). 1-2 hours after the intake he became unconscious with generalized seizures, so he was intubated...... prehospitally and brought to the local hospital. At admission he had acute renal failure and was severely metabolic acidotic with potassium 8.6 mmol/l, lactate 28 mmol/l and pH 6.69. Despite maximal therapy he died ten hours after admission. 25C-NBOMe is currently legal in most parts of the world, and fatal...

  12. Tvangsanvendelse i psykiatrien efter den nye psykiatrilovs indførelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, M

    1992-01-01

    duration of mechanical restraint constituted 0.3% of the entire duration of psychiatric hospitalisation in acute admission wards after the introduction of the legislation. The mean duration of mechanical restraint was 4.3 hours (5 minutes-5.3 days) and was similar in men and women. In 55.5% of the cases...

  13. Forekomst af håndeksem efter kirurgisk vask og brug af operationshandsker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfred, L; Rasmussen, H H; Andersen, Klaus Ejner

    1993-01-01

    /glove-product with subsequent clearing of the symptoms in 75% of the cases. Dermatological examination and patch tests were performed with European Standard series, gloves, rubber chemicals and selected soap components in 53 persons. Hand eczema was found in 16 persons (7%). Positive patch test reactions to latex gloves were...

  14. Urininkontinens de første 12 år efter fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Viktrup, Lars; Lose, Gunnar

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: First pregnancy and delivery often result in urinary incontinence. The aim of this 12-year cohort study was to estimate the impact of incontinence and the need for treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 305 women were questioned about lower urinary tract symptoms a few days...... had stress incontinence (SI) and seven of 49 women had urge incontinence (UI) for at least 12 years. Three of 114 incontinent women (2.6%) had received treatment, while 162 women had exercised the pelvic floor the previous three months. None underwent SI surgery. Eighteen incontinent women wanted...

  15. Masquelets teknik anvendt efter åben femurfraktur med infektion og osteomyelitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haubuf, Maj; Storm, Jens Ole

    2015-01-01

    The treatment of patients with larger bone defects due to infections, trauma or tumours is a challenge in orthopaedic surgery. In 1986 Alain Charles Masquelet introduced a new technique using a two-step procedure, in which cement and bone-graft is used to reconstruct the defect. The Masquelet pro...

  16. Behandlas barn olika? : Smärtskattning på barn efter skoliosoperation

    OpenAIRE

    Karlsson, Linda; Zetterlund, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Inledning: Postoperativ smärta hos barn är fortfarande ett problem trots förbättrade arbetsrutiner och smärtbehandling. Smärtskattning på barn och speciellt barn med kognitiva nedsättningar kräver att sjuksköterskorna har kunskap om tillgängliga smärtskattningsinstrument. På så vis ges alla barn möjlighet att smärtskattas. Syfte: Att undersöka hur ofta sjuksköterskor smärtskattar barn som opereras för skolios postoperativt. Design: En retrospektiv studie. Metod: Journalgranskningen genomförde...

  17. Multiple embolier efter DC-konvertering hos en patient forbehandlet med dabigatran

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buch, Torben Nicolai; Holm, Jakob; Munck, Lars Kristian

    2013-01-01

    A 65-year-old man, who had been treated with dabigatran for 66 days prior to electrical cardioversion, developed extensive intestinal, renal and cerebral thromboembolism five days after cardioversion. There is limited information available on the treatment of thromboembolism in patients being tre...

  18. Perinealsårskomplikationer efter praeoperativ strålebehandling for rectumcancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aldulaymi, Bahir Hadi; Mohammad, Wael A J; Jess, Per

    2008-01-01

    , preoperative radiation is associated with significant morbidity including wound infection and delayed healing. The aim of this study is to clarify the effects of preoperative radiotherapy on wound healing in patients who underwent abdominoperineal excision and primary wound closure for rectum cancer....

  19. Auditorisk rytmestøttet gangtræning efter erhvervet hjerneskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hald, Søren Vester

    2016-01-01

    Patienter med erhvervet hjerneskade, Parkinsons sygdom og andre neurologiske sygdomme har ofte behov for genoptræning af gangfunktionen. I artiklen beskrives, hvordan man med en smartphone og apps kan finde musik i det rigtige tempo, så den kan benyttes til at træne patienternes gangfunktion. Hvis...... gangen er meget ustabil, kan det være nødvendigt at støtte gangen med musik, der løbende tilpasses patienten. Patienter kan også profitere motorisk af selv at spille eller synge i forbindelse med træningen. På fysio.dk præsenteres et videoeksempel med rytmestøttet gangtræning....

  20. OM at få en ny chance efter fængslet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Storgaard, Anette

    2011-01-01

    Vi frihedsberøver stadig flere borgere i kortere, men ofte længere, tid. Men der er mange oversete snubletråde for dem, der kommer ud af fængsel. herunder bl.a. gæld, straffeattester, mangel på job og bolig. I et nyt program for løsladelse ses gode intentioner, men "fanges" alle løsladte af...

  1. Tyske våben og øvrige udrustning i Danmark efter 2. verdenskrig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertel Rasmussen, Peter

    2016-01-01

    of Denmark. So when peace came in spring 1945 the Danish Army was without any weapons and more or less without any foreign currency to buy new weapons. The destruction took its start in late summer 1945; guns, tanks, rifles, machine-guns, helmets etc. were turned into scrap by the Army´s Technical corps...

  2. Benign paroksysmal positionel vertigo kan opstå efter hovedtraumer hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Maria Schøler; Rokkjær, Malene Sine; Berg, Jette;

    2015-01-01

    We present an eight-year-old boy with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) after a head trauma, successfully treated with Epley's manoeuvre. BPPV is a common cause of vestibular vertigo in adults, but it is rarely seen in children. Diagnostic work-up is challenging as children often lack...

  3. Prognostiske faktorer af betydning for den recidivfrie overlevelse efter kirurgisk behandling af hoved-hals-melanom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, A P; Gottlieb, J; Søndergaard, K;

    1993-01-01

    The clinico-pathological and therapeutic data of 512 patients with clinical stage I invasive head and neck melanoma of the skin were re-evaluated. There were 287 females and 225 males. The median age at primary surgery was 65 years, range 18 to 96 years. The median observation period was 5 years...

  4. Reklamen som pastiche. Om Dansk Sygeplejeråds annoncekampagne efteråret 1986

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunhild Agger

    1989-08-01

    Full Text Available Der er flere og flere medieproducenter, der anser modtagerne for at besidde en vis tekstuel intelligens. Fra detektivpasticher som Dick Spanner og Batman over den konstant genreparodierende "Moon- lighting" (De heldige helte til Poul og Nulles respektløse faktion "I sandhedens Tjeneste" leges der med betydningsdannelsen. Seerne/læserne indbydes til selv at spille ping-pong med billeder og tekst. Gunhild Agger analyserer her denne tendens, sådan som den kom- mer til udtryk inden for reklamen: Anker Jørgensen som James Bond, og kondomer til Prinsessen på Ærten! Mest indgående beskæftiger hun sig med Dansk Sygeplejeråds brug af myten om sygeplejersken i en annoncekampagne op mod overenskomstforhandlingerne i 1987. Gunhild Agger nøjes ikke med en indholdsanalyse af annoncerne, men beskriver hele kampagnen: Dansk Sygeplejeråds hensigter med frem- stødet, kampagnens lancering over for den tre-dobbelte målgruppe, læsernes formodede reception, og kampagnens politiske og holdnings- mæssige effekter.

  5. Det strategiske spil om Syrien efter Paris – plus ça change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Peter Viggo

    2016-01-01

    Analyse af det strategiske spil omkring Syrien og hvorvidt Paris angrebet har ændret noget afgørende - det har det så ikke.......Analyse af det strategiske spil omkring Syrien og hvorvidt Paris angrebet har ændret noget afgørende - det har det så ikke....

  6. Har samlejedebut ændret sig efter "Sikker sex"-kampagnen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wielandt, H B; Jeune, B

    1992-01-01

    changed as a great many more stated that their parents had advised them to use condoms as a contraceptive measure in the 1989 investigation. Among the young people who had not yet had coitus, 24.4% of the women and 34.7% of the men stated in 1989 that they always had a condom handy when they thought...... at the first coitus. The campaign for "Safe sex" had recommended condoms. In the 1989 investigation, 61.0% of the women and 62.0% of the men had employed condoms at the first coitus as compared with 36.5% of the women and 42.1% of the men, five years previously. Parental advice about contraception had also...

  7. Dansk Kolinesterase Kartotek udreder patienter med forlænget paralyse efter suxamethon og mivacurium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskildsen, Katrine Zwicky; Gätke, Mona Ring

    2014-01-01

    The Danish Cholinesterase Research Unit (DCRU) is a nationwide unit for patients carrying mutations in the butyrylcholinesterase enzyme (BChE). BChE hydrolyzes the neuromuscular blocking drugs succinylcholine and mivacurium. Patients with mutations in the butyrylcholinesterase gene are at risk of...... of experiencing a prolonged effect of the drugs, such as weakness or paralysis for hours. In order to diagnose the referred patients correctly, DCRU combines results such as BChE activity, genotyping, pedigree and clinical reactions to succinylcholine or mivacurium....

  8. Dansk Kolinesterase Kartotek udreder patienter med forlænget paralyse efter suxamethon og mivacurium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskildsen, Katrine Zwicky; Gätke, Mona Ring

    2015-01-01

    The Danish Cholinesterase Research Unit (DCRU) is a nationwide unit for patients carrying mutations in the butyrylcholinesterase enzyme (BChE). BChE hydrolyzes the neuromuscular blocking drugs succinylcholine and mivacurium. Patients with mutations in the butyrylcholinesterase gene are at risk of...... of experiencing a prolonged effect of the drugs, such as weakness or paralysis for hours. In order to diagnose the referred patients correctly, DCRU combines results such as BChE activity, genotyping, pedigree and clinical reactions to succinylcholine or mivacurium....

  9. Overlevelse efter massiv verapamiloverdosis hos en 48-årig kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Karina K; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    , was hypotensive, and ECG showed bradycardia with nodal rhythm. The patient was treated with activated charcoal, colloids, crystalloids, norepinephrine, isoprenalin and epinephrine infusion, high dose glucose-insulin infusion and calcium. The patient was discharged for rehabilitation after two weeks...

  10. Benzodiazepiner og cyclopyrroloner før, under og efter hospitalsindlaeggelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Stig Ejdrup; Møller, Frederik Trier

    2010-01-01

    The aim was to describe the prescription patterns of benzodiazepines (BZD) and cyclopyrrolones (Z-drugs) in a population of medical and surgical patients prior to, during and after hospital admission.......The aim was to describe the prescription patterns of benzodiazepines (BZD) and cyclopyrrolones (Z-drugs) in a population of medical and surgical patients prior to, during and after hospital admission....

  11. Talen begynder efter døden - Michel Foucaults kirurgiske pen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dræby, Anders

    2015-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: Speech begins after death. Michel Foucault in conversation with Claude Bonnefoy. University of Minnesota Press, 2013.......Anmeldelse af: Speech begins after death. Michel Foucault in conversation with Claude Bonnefoy. University of Minnesota Press, 2013....

  12. Hypoglykæmi efter gastric bypass er en diagnostisk og behandlingsmæssig udfordring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Joan Bach; Gribsholt, Sigrid Bjerge; Pedersen, Michael Høgild;

    2014-01-01

    Treatment of severe obesity by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) causes sustained weight losses and improves health complica-tions. RYGB is, however, also associated with adverse effects. Dumping is a well-known complication causing invalidating symptoms, and lately there have been mounting concerns...

  13. Komplikationer efter anlæggelse og tilbagelægning af loopileostomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El-Hussuna, Alaa; Bülow, Steffen; Lauritsen, Morten

    2011-01-01

    A protective loop ileostomy is used to reduce the incidence and consequences of anastomotic failure following colorectal resection. Closure of a loop ileostomy is associated with low mortality but many studies have demonstrated high morbidity rates. The aim of this review is to examine the existi...

  14. Diffusion-weighted imaging in the diagnostic evaluation of the hydrocephalus in patients with acute or chronic increase in cerebral pressure; Diffusionsgewichtete Bildgebung in der Diagnostik des Hydrocephalus - Untersuchungen an Patienten mit akuter und ohne akute Hirndrucksymptomatik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorenbeck, U. [Abt. fuer Neuroradiologie, Universitaetskliniken des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar (Germany); Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Universitaetsklinik Regensburg (Germany); Schlaier, J. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Neurochirurgie, Universitaetsklinik Regensburg (Germany); Feuerbach, S.; Seitz, J. [Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Universitaetsklinik Regensburg (Germany)

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: to investigate whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides additional information about the periventricular white matter for the assessment of hydrocephalus. Materials and methods: sixteen MRI examinations (11 with acutely increased cerebral pressure, 5 without symptoms) on 15 patients with hydrocephalus (4 patients with communicating hydrocephalus and 11 patients with obstructive hydrocephalus) were analyzed. One symptomatic patient subsequently became asymptomatic. We investigated the ''apparent diffusion coefficient'' (ADC) in the subcortical and periventricular white matter. The ADCs of the study patients were compared with those of a healthy control group. Results: symptomatic patients with hydrocephalus, 6/11 showed periventricular edema and a significantly higher ADC values in the periventricular region than in the subcortical white matter. 5/11 symptomatic patients showed significantly higher ADC values even in the absence of periventricular interstitial edema (both groups contained patients with communicating and obstructive hydrocephalus). All 5 asymptomatic patients with hydrocephalus did not have a significantly higher ADC values in the periventricular region. Conclusion: in patients with hydrocephalus and acutely increased cerebral pressure, DWI showed a significantly higher ADC values in the periventricular region even without visible interstitial edema on conventional MRI sequences. (orig.)

  15. Endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) in acute alcoholic and biliary pancreatitis. Endoskopische retrograde Pankreatographie (ERP) bei akuter alkoholischer und biliaerer Pankreatitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brambs, H.J. (Heidelberg Univ. (Germany, F.R.). Radiologische Klinik)

    1991-05-01

    An analysis of the ERP findings in 31 patients with acute pancreatitis enable us to define the terminology of the pancreatogram in these diseases. Irregularities of the ducts indicate previous damage to the organ. A frequent phenomenon is thinning of lateral branches, which can be explained by compression due to oedema. Early parenchymal staining indicates abnormal permeability of the duct epithelium. Cavities are an expression of acute pseudo-cysts. A sign characteristic of alcoholic pancreatitis is the presence of contrast defects due to protein plugs and due to increased viscosity of pancreatic secretions. These observations confirm the theory that protein precipitates due to abnormal secretions play an important role in acute pancreatitis. (orig.).

  16. Behandling af akut myeloid leukæmi uden transfusion af blodprodukter hos et medlem af Jehovas Vidner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Christian; Jensen, Morten Krogh

    2011-01-01

    We present a case in which a young woman was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia, FAB-classification type M2. As a member of Jehovah's Witnesses she refused to accept any treatment involving blood transfusions. A modified induction and consolidation chemotherapy regimen was applied, tailored...

  17. Milttorsion kan være årsag til akut abdomen hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helvind, Neel Maria; Gögenur, Ismail; Stadeager, Morten

    2013-01-01

    A six-year-old boy was admitted with symptoms consistent with acute appendicitis. Immediately before placement of the first trocar, a large abdominal mass was observed which on imaging was identified as a torsioned spleen. Due to suboptimal reperfusion and risk of reperfusion-mediated morbidity a...

  18. Akut abdomen som følge af torkveret adnexa uteri hos en tiårig pige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinthorsdottir, Kristin Julia; Folmer, Lars; Bisgaard, Thue

    2014-01-01

    A ten-year-old girl presented with four days of lower abdominal pain. A diagnostic laparoscopy on the suspicion of acute appendicitis revealed left-sided adnexal torsion. The cyanotic ovary was detorsed and recovered. At three-month follow-up there were no clinical or ultrasonic signs of patholog...

  19. Computed tomography (CT) of acute diverticulitis of the cecum and ascending colon; Computertomographie bei akuter rechtsseitiger Kolondivertikulitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferstl, F.J.; Obert, R. [St. Theresienkrankenhaus Nuernberg (DE). Radiologisch-Nuklearmedizinisches Zentrum (RNZ)

    2004-09-01

    Acute diverticulitis of the cecum and ascending colon, also called right-sided diverticulitis, represents a relatively rare disorder in the western hemisphere. Pseudodiverticula and, less frequently, solitary congenital diverticula are regarded as the underlying causes of acute diverticulitis. We report the helical CT findings in four patients with acute right-sided colonic diverticulitis. The CT was performed with a collimation of 8 mm, a pitch of 1.5 and an increment of 8 mm, and with variable administration of intravenous, oral and rectal contrast material. In two of the four patients, the acute diverticulitis was detected in the cecum and ascending colon, respectively. In two patients, the diagnosis could be confirmed during surgery and subsequent histologic examination of the resected specimen. On the initial CT studies, acute diverticulitis was correctly diagnosed in two patients and suspected in one patient without identifying and inflamed diverticulum. In one patient, the offending diverticulum in the ascending colon caused an inflammatory pseudotumor at the level of the ileocecal region. This process was initially mistaken as Crohn's disease. The CT diagnosis of a right-sided colonic diverticulitis is based on an inflamed diverticulum in the center of pericolic inflammatory changes and a preserved wall enhancement (target sign). Other CT findings, such as fatty pericolic infiltration and colon wall thickening, are rather non-specific and can also be found in a number of different ileocolic disorders, especially in colon cancer. In selected cases, the diagnosis can only be established by follow up CT after the pericolic infiltration has markedly subsided and an offending diverticulum has emerged. (orig.)

  20. Myopati som årsag til akut opstået tetraparese på en intensivafdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindqvist, Janus Kaufmann; Lauritzen, Martin; Laursen, Henning

    2014-01-01

    This is a case report of a 52-year-old woman with acute respiratory distress who shortly after admission to the intensive care unit developed flaccid tetraparesis with areflexia and elevated serum creatine kinase concentration. Typical clinical presentation, clinical neurophysiological examination...

  1. Congenital anomalies, hereditary diseases of the pancreas, acute and chronic pancreatitis; Entwicklungsstoerungen, angeborene Erkrankungen des Pankreas, akute und chronische Pankreatitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brambs, Hans-Juergen; Juchems, Markus [Universitaetsklinikum Ulm (Germany). Abt. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie

    2011-06-15

    The most important congenital anomalies include pancreas divisum, annular pancreas and ectopic pancreas. Patients with pancreas divisum may be more susceptible to acute or chronic pancreatitis and patients with an annular pancreas may develop duodenal stenosis. In pancreas divisum the key finding is the visualization of the main duct draining into the duodenum via the small papilla, separated from the common bile duct. Annular pancreas may show as a well defined ring of pancreatic tissue that encircles the duodenum. Ectopic pancreas is usually asymptomatic but may give rise to abdominal complaints and may be confused with submucosal tumors. Acute pancreatitis is classified as mild or severe. In mild forms ultrasound is the imaging modality of choice whereas in severe forms with extensive pancreatic and peripancreatic necroses computed tomography is the favored method. It is crucial to identify signs and criteria that come along with an increased risk of infection of the necroses. MRI plays an inferior role in the assessment of acute pancreatitis. Chronic pancreatitis is a longstanding inflammatory and fibrosing process causing pain and loss of function. Cross-section imaging is particularly in demand for the detection of complications and the differentiation from pancreatic cancer. Autoimmune pancreatitis is a unique form of chronic pancreatitis characterized by lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and fibrosis, and favourable response to corticosteroid treatment. (orig.)

  2. Acute head trauma in children - early application of MRI; Akutes Schaedel-Hirn-Trauma im Kindesalter - fruehzeitiger Einsatz der MRT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reither, M. [Kinderkrankenhaus Park Schoenfeld, Kassel (Germany). Abt. fuer Bildgebende Diagnostik

    2001-05-01

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate the present diagnostic potential of MRI in early stage head trauma and possibly to replace CT studies in children. FLAIR-techniques consequently applied as 'scout sequences' provided reliable identification of traumatic intra- and extracranial lesions yet during the first measurement in all 24 cases. Follow-up scan confirmed the initial results. The reliability of MRI in acute pediatric head trauma is underlined by the fact that CT scans were no longer necessary within the last three years. Therefore, the imaging algorithm of acute head trauma in children has changed in our institution: medium and high risk patients undergo MRI, in young infants we do US first. HR-CT is reserved for lesions of the visceral cranium. X rays are out. (orig.) [German] Ziel dieser Studie war es, die heutigen technischen Moeglichkeiten der MRT beim akuten Schaedel-Hirn-Trauma (SHT) des Kindes einzusetzen und evtl. ganz auf CTs zu verzichten. Die konsequente Anwendung der FLAIR-Technik als 'Suchsequenz' erlaubte bereits bei der ersten Messung eine sichere Zuordnung intra- und extrakranieller Laesionen in allen 24 Faellen. Kontrolluntersuchungen bestaetigten die Erstbefunde. Die Zuverlaessigkeit der MRT wird auch dadurch unterstrichen, dass wir in den vergangenen 3 Jahren keine CT-Untersuchungen mehr durchfuehrten. Infolgedessen hat sich der Algorithmus bildgebender Verfahren beim SHT des Kindes in unserem Hause geaendert: Bei Patienten mit niedrigem Risiko fuehren wir keine Bildgebung durch. Bei Patienten mit mittlerem und hohem Risiko wird die MRT, bei jungen Saeuglingen zuerst der US eingesetzt. Die HR-CT ist Verletzungen des Gesichtsschaedels vorbehalten. Roentgenaufnahmen fertigen wir nicht mehr an. (orig.)

  3. Inhaleret beta(2)-agonist som mulig årsag til laktatacidose ved akut svær astma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritsen, Lise; Sahl, Christian; Thorsen, Søren

    2013-01-01

    A 50-year-old man was in the emergency department treated for acute asthma with repeated doses of nebulized salbutamol according to guidelines, and as a result of this treatment he developed marked lactate acidosis. Lactate acidosis is not commonly listed as a side effect to nebulized salbutamol....... House officers in the emergency department handling acute asthma should be aware of this paradox, though the condition may resolve in spite of continued treatment with salbutamol....

  4. Proporsi peresepan probiotik pada gastroenteritis akut pasien pediatri di bangsal rawat inap RS X pada Februari 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dita Maria Virginia

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Pediatric patients are one of the target groups of the National Health System in Indonesia that requires special attention in therapy because their anatomy physiology was immature. A lot of probiotics indicated for acute gastroenteritis (AGE for pediatric patients. Probiotic prescribing includes the types of probiotic, dosage and duration for AGE has not been discussed clearly. The aim of our study was to determine the proportion of probiotic that have prescribed for acute gastroenteritis topediatric agedin hospitalized. This study was analytical observational with cross sectional design. Data was obtained retrospectively with non-purposive sampling.Samplesize was based on cross-sectional design calculation and obtained a number of 200 medical records from Hospital X, IndonesiaonFebruary 2015. This study used secondary data from medical records. Data collected was patient identity, patientaged, probiotic prescribing includes the types of probiotic, dosage and duration. Data have been analyzed in descriptive and Mann-Whitney to observe the difference between types of probiotic, dosage and duration probiotic used topediatric aged. This study showed this hospital only used 5 probiotic brands. Group aged 2 years is prefer to use 6 types. The mean dose of probiotic is greater in the group aged >2 years. Probiotic duration in the group 2 years in duration 5 days. The number of cases that do not fit with the recommended dose packs is more commonly found at age <2 years. There is a different proportion between type of probiotic (p=0.000, dose of probiotic (p=0.040, and probiotic duration (p=0.008 with pediatric aged. There was a statistically significant difference between types of probiotic, dosage and duration probiotic used to pediatric aged.

  5. Akut, svær leverinsufficiens forårsaget af binyretumor hos nyfødt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maestri Ditlevsen, Jane; Kvist, Nina; Johansen, Lars Søndergaard;

    2013-01-01

    A newborn female was hospitalized due to metabolic acidosis and conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. Extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) was suspected why a (99m)Tc-mebrofenin cholescintigraphy was performed. It showed poor hepatocyte tracer uptake and no drainage to the gut. The hepatocyte dysfunction...

  6. Cytomegalovirus-associeret hæmofagocytosesyndrom og akut nyresvigt hos en patient med kronisk lymfatisk leukæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broe, Julie; Lauritzen, Anne Falensteen; Hansen, Per Boye

    2014-01-01

    A 60-year-old man with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia was admitted to our department with fever and hepatospleno-megaly. Laboratory findings revealed hyperferritinaemia of 40,300 microgram/l and both liver and renal dysfunction. A bone marrow biopsy showed haemophagocytosis consistent...... with haemophagocytic syndrome. The serology was compatible with acute Cytomegalovirus infection. The patient received therapy with ganciclovir, prednisolone and gamma globulin, and the acute renal failure was treated with haemodialysis. The patient responded well to the treatment and was discharged after a month...... with normal lever and renal function....

  7. Bir devlet hastanesi bakiş açisiyla akut iskemik inmede intravenöz trombolitik tedavi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Refik Kunt

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS is a clinical emergency. Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (IV rt-PA, Alteplase, is only approved treatment of AIS when given within 4.5 hours of symptom onset. The aim of this study is to review the experience of our clinic in thrombolithic treatment. METHODS: Demographic and clinical variables of 25 patients who were admitted to the neurology clinic of Aydin State Hospital with AIS and took IV rt-PA treatment were examined retrospectively for 2.5 years starting from January, 2014. The neurological and disability assessment of the patients were done by The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS and modified Rankin Scale (mRS respectively. Onset-to-door (ODT, door-to-needle (DNT, and onset-to-needle (ONT times were calculated and analyzed in comparison with the literature data. RESULTS: 25 patients with AIS received IV rt-PA. Mean age of our patients was 70.8±14 years and twelve of them (% 48 were female. The mean ODT, DNT, ONT times were 61±43, 70±40, 130±54 minutes, respectively. 20 patients were treated in the first 3 hours (%80. NIHSS mean scores were 12±4 and 8±7 before the treatment and 24 hours after the treatment.14 patients (%64 showed significant improvement in clinical activity 24 hours after the treatment. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was occured in four patients (%16 as a result of IV rt-PA therapy and two of them (%8 were died. On the third month after the treatment, the number of functionally independent (mRS 0–2 patients were 15 (%60 and the number of dependent (mRS 3–5 patients were 2 (%8 according to mRS. 8 patients died three months after the treatment (%32. CONCLUSION: Despite the small sample size, our study shows that the IV rt-PA is efficient and safe treatment in AIS. If the appropriate conditions and organization provided, state hospitals have the potential to be suitable centers for the thrombolytic therapy.

  8. Percutaneous hydromechanical thrombectomy in acute and subacute lower-limb ischemia; Perkutane hydromechanische Thrombektomie bei akuter und subakuter arterieller Beinischaemie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoepfner, W.; Bohndorf, K. [Klinik fuer Diagnostische Radiologie und Neuroradiologie, Augsburg (Germany); Vicol, C. [Herzchirurgische Klinik, Augsburg (Germany); Loeprecht, H. [Zentralklinikum Augsburg (Germany). Klinik fuer Gefaess- und Thoraxchirurgie

    2001-03-01

    Purpose: A prospective study should evaluate the primary and 2-year results of treating acute and subacute lower-limb ischemia with hydromechanical thrombectomy (HTE). Materials and methods: Consecutively 64 patients, 12 with viable and 52 with threatening limb ischemia and onset of symptoms within 8{+-}9 days, were treated and controlled for 24 months. An 8 F hydromechanical thrombectomy device (HTK), was used. It sucks and shreds the thrombi. The shredded particles are transported to the outside. Results: In 8 patients a total, in the others a partial restoration of the vessel lumen up to 70-50% was achieved in a mean time of 34 minutes. Residual thrombi, underlying atherosclerotic vessel disease and occluded arteries with a small diameter made adjunctive interventions (balloon angioplasty, percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy, lysis) necessary. Clinical symptoms and the ankle-brachial index improved significantly (p<0.01). Primary patency was 72%, 70%, 67%, and 65%; the limb salvage rates were 81%, 78%, 75%, and 73% for one, 3, 12, and 24 months respectively. Device-induced complications did not occur. Conclusions: The HTK allowed a rapid reduction of fresh thrombotic material without complications. In 78% of the cases adjunctive therapies are required for wall-adherent thrombi and when tibial vessels with smaller lumina are included. Longterm results are comparable to literature data for fibrinoloytic or operative regimens. The advantage, however of the HTK seems to be the reduction of intervention time and intra-arterial dosage of fibrinolytic drugs. (orig.) [German] Ziel: In einer prospektiven Studie wird der primaere und der Zweijahreserfolg eines Katheters zur hydromechanischen Thrombektomie (HTE) bei der Therapie der akuten und subakuten Beinischaemie untersucht. Material und Methode: Konsekutiv wurden 64 Patienten, 12 mit stark beeintraechtigender und 52 mit bedrohlicher Ischaemie seit 8{+-}9 Tagen, mit HTE therapiert und 24 Monate nachkontrolliert. Ein 8 F hydromechanischer Thrombektomiekatheter (HTK), der Thrombusmaterial ansaugt, zerkleinert und abtransportiert, wurde verwendet. Ergebnisse: Eine komplette HTE gelang bei 8 Patienten, bei den uebrigen eine Lumeneroeffnung um 70-50% im Mittel in 34 Minuten. Restthromben, eine vorbestehende arterielle Verschlusskrankheit und der Befall kleinlumiger Gefaesse machten additive Verfahren (Angioplastie 41/64, Aspirationsthrombektomie 31/64, Fibrinolyse 30/64) noetig. Klinische Symptome und der Arm-Bein-Index besserten sich signifikant (p<0,01). Die primaeren Offenheitsraten lagen bei 72%, 70%, 67% bzw. 65% fuer 1, 3, 12 bzw. 24 Monate, die Beinerhaltungsraten bei 81%, 78%, 75% bzw. 73% fuer dieselben Zeitraeume. Therapiebedingte Gefaesslaesionen durch den HTK traten keine auf. Schlussfolgerungen: Der HTK ermoeglichte eine rasche, komplikationsarme Reduktion von frischen Thromben. Additive Verfahren waren bei wandhaftenden Thromben und zur Therapie schmallumiger tibialer Gefaesse in 78% noch noetig. Die Zweijahresergebnisse waren Literaturangaben fuer alleinige Fibrinolyse bzw. operative Therapie vergleichbar. Der Vorteil des HTK besteht darin, Dauer und Dosis der intraarteriellen Fibrinolysetherapie zu reduzieren. (orig.)

  9. Forebyggelse af dyb venetrombose (DVT) i underekstremiteter hos voksne hospitalsindlagte patienter gennem mobilisering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jonna Gintberg

    2011-01-01

    Titel: Forebyggelse af dyb ventrombose (DVT) i underekstremiteterne hos voksne hospitalsindlagte patienter gennem mobilisering. Konklusion eller hovedbudskabet: Der foreligger ikke evidens for hvor meget, hvor længe og hvordan indlagte patienter skal mobiliseres for at forebygge dyb venetrombose(DVT......) Sideløbende med kursus i udvikling af kliniske retningslinjer har kursus deltagere og baggrundsgruppe - haft det mål, at undersøge hvilken evidens der foreligger i forhold til mobilisering af indlagte voksne patienter. Vores udgangspunkt tog afsæt i daglig klinisk praksis og en viden om, at DVT rammer en stor...... del af de indlagte patienter. Venøs trombose (VT) er den tredje største kardiovaskulære sygdom efter akut myokardieinfarkt og apopleksi (1). I et større norsk studie fandt man en incidensrate af VT på 1.43 per 1.000 personår, hvoraf dyb venetrombose (DVT) udgjorde 0.93 per 1.000 personår af de...

  10. E-kompendier på HBÅ - erfaringer efter det første år i drift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lone; Pedersen, Kirsten

    2005-01-01

    Handelshøjskolens Bibliotek i Århus har iværksat en service, som understøtter læringsmiljøet på Handelshøjskolen ved hjælp af e-kompendier. Nærværende artikel videregiver en række erfaringer om brugen og de fordele, som er opnået ved den digitale distribution af pensumlitteratur....

  11. Betydningen af PCOS og overvægt for svangerskabs- og fødselskomplikationer efter fertilitetsbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naver, Klara; Nilas, Lisbeth; Jørgensen, Finn Stener;

    2013-01-01

    Et klinisk prospektivt multicenterstudie. Projektet består af prægravid karakteristik af kvinder med og uden polycystisk ovariesyndrom (PCOS) før de opstarter fertilitetsbehandling. Når deltagerne er blevet gravide følges de i graviditeten med ultralydskanninger og målinger af insulin resistens...

  12. Thulesagen. Dødelighed og hospitalsindlæggelser efter nedstyrtning af et amerikansk B-52 bombefly i 1968

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel, K

    1993-01-01

    found in total mortality, or mortality from cancer, heart disease or accidents between the groups after adjusting for age, marital status and length of employment. Mortality from suicide was lower in the study group. The hospitalization rates for the period 1977-1985 also showed no differences between...

  13. Statsansattes ansættelsesforhold før og efter omdannelsen af en statsvirksomhed til statsejet aktieselskab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Postelmans, Erik

    2009-01-01

    because of a fault not attributable to them. Under the law if their post is ‘abolished or terminated’, a new suitable post has to be found or they should be paid three years salary, subsequently a pension should be granted to them. If the civil servant disagrees with the authorities concerning...... will be apt to rule against the civil servant. Another law that protects civil servants and other state employees against among other things, dismissals, is the Danish Public Administration Act. No ‘decision’ concerning an individual can be made without them having had the possibility to be heard...... on the matter, for example in the case of a dismissal. But in 2004 the Danish Supreme Court passed two verdicts, which show that ‘agreed dismissals’ as an alternative to ‘decisions’ are now accepted as long as the employees Trade union has been involved in the negotiation and the outcome is considered fair...

  14. Heterotop graviditet efter IVF-behandling med excision af rumperet interstitiel graviditet og senere kejsersnit nær termin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elers, Jimmi; Zingenberg, Helle; Bing, Mette H;

    2016-01-01

    We describe a rare case of heterotopic pregnancy following in vitro fertilization with transferring of two embryos in a 39-year-old woman with previous bilateral salpingectomy. An ultrasound examination was performed on the day before admission showing a vital intrauterine pregnancy and no ectopic...... pregnancy. The woman was admitted with a ruptured cornual pregnancy at ten weeks of gestation. Laparotomy was performed on vital indication with excision of the ruptured haemorrhagic cornual pregnancy. The intrauterine pregnancy continued uneventfully with obstetric and fetal medicine specialist monitoring...

  15. En længsel efter fællesskaber og kæft, trit og retning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steno, Anne Mia

    2017-01-01

    viderebearbejdninger og fokuseringer af min ph.d. ”Ungdomsliv i en uddannelsestid” (2015), hvor jeg fulgte grupper af unge, særligt drenge, over en periode på to år, fra de startede på henholdsvis et grundforløb til gastronomi og automekaniker. Afhandlingen handler om deres møder med en ungdomsuddannelse, deres...

  16. Hver femte kirurg vasker ikke hænder efter toiletbesøg – et etnografisk feltstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Alamili, Mahdi;

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Non-compliance with regard to hand hygiene is a major problem in the health-care system especially among surgeons and anaesthetists. The purpose of this study was to examine the hand hygiene routines after toilet visits among participants attending an international surgical congress...... for observing whether hand washing (as a surrogate measure of hand hygiene) was performed after toilet visits by observers. Frequencies were compared using Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: A total of 100 persons were observed (80% males). Of the 50 males observed at the ACS meeting, ten males did not use hand...... hygiene in relation to toilet visits (20%), while only one person at the AMWA meeting out of the 50 observed did not use hand hygiene (2%), p = 0.008. At both congresses only males did not use hand hygiene in relation to toilet visits. CONCLUSION: One in five surgeons did not wash hands after visiting...

  17. Jewellery in the logic dreams - på jakt efter drömkänslan i konsten

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Nina Johansson starts her essay by making some examples of dreams to show the diversity of the ”dream world”. She speaks of how all humans dream, that it ties us together. She wants to translate the “feeling of dreams” into wearable objects, and to be able to do that, she must try and describe what that feeling consists of. She describes the specifics of what she is looking for by naming different kinds of dreams and homing in on what she calls “dream logic” as the subject that interests her ...

  18. Tuberkuløs artritis i en hofte 55 år efter primær tuberkulose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Kristoffer; Broeng, Leif; Meyer, Christian Niels

    2011-01-01

    We describe a case concerning tuberculous coxitis 55 years after primary tuberculosis. A 76-year old man developed hip pain, weight loss and a gluteal tumor. After three months he was diagnosed with tuberculous coxitis by ultrasound assisted aspiration from the joint. Anti-tuberculous chemotherapy...

  19. Cadmium in willow plantations - municipal waste products as fertilizers; Kadmiumhalt i Salixodlingar efter behandling med kommunala restprodukter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasselgren, K. [ENVIRO Miljoekonsult (Sweden)

    1995-07-01

    Plantations of willows (i.e. Salix spp) seem to absorb cadmium (Cd) from arable land to a greater extent than other plant cultivations. Thus, energy forestry, based upon cultivation of Salix, could possibly be used for biofuel production in combination with biological purification of arable land contaminated with Cd by atmospheric deposition and P fertilizers during the passed 100 years. Application of sewage sludge (5-7 ppm Cd of dry solids) up to 550 g Cd per hectare, or 140 g Cd hectare and year, resulted in clearly increased concentrations of Cd in the upper 10 cm layer of the soil. In deeper soil layers the differences compared with control plots were small. Lower rates of sludge application, corresponding to less than 70 g added per hectare and year, did not materially affect the Cd-content in the soil irrespective of layer. A general pattern was that the content of Cd in plant tissues decreased with increased stem diameter, increased age of stems and stands as well as increased biomass growth. Thus, concentrations of Cd in Salix material, in clones from some of the first generation of energy forest plants (S. viminalis, S. dasyclados and S. schwerinii). were fairly high in young stands. In general, 1-year-old shoots contained 5-6 ppm Cd of dry solids in stems and 10-15 ppm in leaves. In older shoots, up to three years, and older stands, up to six years, the Cd contents decreased to 1-2 ppm Cd and 2-4 ppm Cd of dry solids for stems and leaves, respectively. Abundant supplies of water and nutrients seem to stimulate the Cd uptake in Salix in terms of higher concentrations in plant tissues as well as higher plant growth levels compared with conventional energy forestry. Stands with older stems, not irrigated and not fully fertilized resulted in uptake rates in the range of 10-30 g Cd per hectare and year. 14 refs, 9 figs, 1 tab

  20. Antihypertensiv behandling efter apopleksi--beskyttende effekter mod kardiovaskulaer sygdom ud over det, som opnås ved blodtryksreduktionen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Kent Lodberg; Husted, Steen

    2006-01-01

    The presence of significant effects beyond what may be achieved by reducing consultation blood pressure, particularly in stroke prevention, has been indicated by several clinical hypertension trials, including LIFE, ASCOT, NORDIL, ACCESS and now also MOSES. New data suggest that apparent pressure...... equality could be a beta-blocker-induced diminished white coat effect; despite this, the evidence points towards the presence, however not a major one, of meaningful preventive effects unrelated to pressure reduction. Udgivelsesdato: 2006-May-29...

  1. Reinkarnation er blot én af mange fantasier om et liv efter døden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aktor, Mikael

    2015-01-01

    Den tidlige kristendom udviklede sig i et miljø, hvor reinkarnationstanker ikke var ualmindelige. Kun gennem en intern teologisk forhandling i de kristne miljøer udskiltes disse tanker efterhånden som “kætterier”....

  2. Kan strategien for primær sundhedstjeneste genoplives 30 år efter Alma-Ata?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Stine; Probst, Helene Bilsted; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian

    2010-01-01

    Thirty years ago the Alma-Ata declaration on primary health care was developed. Implementation has been compounded by inadequate financing, changing disease patterns and immature health systems, and there is an ongoing discussion between selective and comprehensive primary health care supporters...

  3. Praenatal diagnostik i Arhus og Viborg Amter efter implementering af første trimester-risikovurdering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørring, Niels; Jølving, Line Riis; Petersen, Olav Bennike Bjørn;

    2008-01-01

    In 2004 the Danish National Board of Health issued new guidelines for prenatal diagnostics in Denmark. The guidelines include a general offer to all pregnant women in Denmark of first trimester risk assessment of combined non-invasive tests integrating measurement of nuchal translucency and mater...

  4. Praenatal diagnostik i Arhus og Viborg Amter efter implementering af første trimester-risikovurdering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørring, Niels; Jølving, Line Riis; Petersen, Olav Bennike Bjørn;

    2008-01-01

    translucency and maternal biochemistry for detection of fetal chromosomal abnormalities like trisomy 21, and replacing the screening criteria of > or =35 of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is based on registered data covering 5,504 pregnancies during the period 1 July 2005 to 31 December 2005 in Aarhus...

  5. Når innovation og fagligt samspil saetter fag under pres - fagdidaktisk kommunikation i det danske gymnasium efter reformen 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Hobel

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available After the 2005 reform of the Danish gymnasium, it has become a requirement that students are trained in interdisciplinarity and that their innovative skills are developed. In the public discussion “innovation” has been embedded in two different discourses: a market oriented discourse and a citizenship oriented discourse. This study examines whether the school subjects under this pressure develop and converge into one unified school subject: a market orientated social science. This is examined through a case study of an interdisciplinarian course in the first year of the Danish gymnasium on Corporate Social Responsibility. The students first work with this topic in the context of English, Social Science and Innovation, and then have to advise a Danish concern about how to improve and develop the CSR-strategy of one of its subsidiary companies in India.The data of the study are central documents from political level, from the level of the Ministry of Education, and from the course. These documents are triangulated with interviews with teachers and students. The results of the study are based on a discourse analysis of these documents.The central finding of the study is that the different school subjects do not converge into one market oriented school subject. The students do not limit themselves to give instrumental and means-oriented advices to the concern about how they can use the CSR-strategy as a mean of increasing its profits. The teachers act in a paradigm of challenge oriented didactics. The teachers establish a subject oriented and interdiscipline oriented didactical discussion about how the school subjects in different ways can contribute to a professional debate about epochal core problems (in this course: the enviroment and social inequality, and the students discuss how the subsidiary company can contribute to the solution of these problems. They add that these initiatives will benefit the company. Thus, through didactical reflection and the planning and execution of a course the teachers re-contextualize the requirement about interdisciplinarity and innovation in a way that has Bildungs-Potenzial.

  6. The EU system for emissions trading after year 2012; EU:s system foer handel med utslaeppsraetter efter 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Normand, Mathias; Mjureke, David (eds.)

    2007-01-15

    The Government has instructed the Swedish Energy Agency and the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency to put forward a proposal for how the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) should be developed after 2012, subject to the overall objective of continuing to reduce emissions with the aim of achieving the long-term objectives of the Convention on Climate Change. In its Council Conclusions (7619/1/05) the EU has interpreted the long-term objectives of the Convention on Climate Change as aiming to achieve emission reductions of 15-30 % in the industrialised countries by 2020. According to Council Conclusions (13435/05), the EU has also decided that the Emissions Trading Scheme should continue after 2012. The starting point for this report is that, after 2012, the Scheme will be a key instrument in achieving cost-efficient emission reductions, not only within the EU but also globally, and regardless of whether, with effect from 2013, the Scheme has become a part of an international climate regime, or is serving as a transition to some future new international climate regime. The purpose of this report is to provide a proposal for how the Emissions Trading Scheme should be developed after 2012. The aim is to construct a system that helps to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases (maintaining climate integrity), that assists measures being taken where they are cheapest (cost efficiency), that is accepted by parties concerned and by the general public (confidence inspiring), and which does not adversely affect the competitiveness of business or industry (competition-neutral). The Agencies recommend that Sweden should adopt the following standpoints concerning development of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme after 2012. (Recommended changes to the system presuppose a harmonised implementation throughout the EU.): In connection with international negotiations, Sweden should press for the Emissions Trading Scheme to be developed in such a way as to make it possible to achieve emission reductions in line with Council Conclusions (7619/1/05) in the form of total emission reductions of the order of 15-30 % in the industrialised countries by 2020. Sweden should press for the Scheme to be linked with other trading schemes, subject to retention of climate integrity. Linking can strengthen global climate policy ties and influence countries not having internationally binding climate commitments towards participating in some climate policy agreement. Linking also helps to counter international distortion of competition. There should be considerable opportunities for the use of CDM (or equivalent) credits in the Scheme, given that the EU has strict commitments on emission reductions. In order to ensure the system's climate integrity and competition neutrality, efforts should be aimed at ensuring that the total quantity of allowances in the Trading Scheme is decided directly at EU level (i.e. top-down), instead of as today starting from national allocation plans (i.e. bottom-up). Sweden should promote continued expansion of the Scheme to other sectors and for other gases. In 2013, it should be expanded to include emissions of carbon dioxide and PFC from primary and secondary aluminium production, carbon dioxide from certain chemical industry sectors, nitrous oxide from certain chemical industry sectors and methane from active coal mines. The European road transport sector can be included in the Scheme. However, this will pose challenges in respect of the effects on industrial competitiveness and developments within the road transport sector. In order to be able to adopt a firm position in the matter of how the road transport sector should be treated in relation to the EU ETS, Sweden should initiate in-depth studies of consequences of different options, including a separate trading scheme for the European transport sector. Purely biofuelled combustion installations should be excluded from the Scheme, and the monitoring requirements for pure biofuel streams in combustion installations that partly use biofuels should be abolished. Swe

  7. Resultater efter ekstrakorporal membranoxygeneringsbehandling af nyfødte og spaedbørn i Danmark 1995-2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Vibeke; Helvind, Morten H; Greisen, Gorm

    2007-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In 1995 extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was introduced in Denmark as a treatment for critically ill infants. ECMO is primarily used in infants with severe meconium aspiration, but can be used for all kinds of pulmonary and cardiac failures as well. The purpose of our work...... was to evaluate the Danish ECMO-treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 55 infants receiving ECMO, and the parents of the surviving children were sent questionnaires. All the completed questionnaires were returned except for one from a family that emigrated from Denmark...

  8. The EU system for emissions trading after year 2012; EU:s system foer handel med utslaeppsraetter efter 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Normand, Mathias; Mjureke, David (eds.)

    2007-01-15

    The Government has instructed the Swedish Energy Agency and the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency to put forward a proposal for how the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) should be developed after 2012, subject to the overall objective of continuing to reduce emissions with the aim of achieving the long-term objectives of the Convention on Climate Change. In its Council Conclusions (7619/1/05) the EU has interpreted the long-term objectives of the Convention on Climate Change as aiming to achieve emission reductions of 15-30 % in the industrialised countries by 2020. According to Council Conclusions (13435/05), the EU has also decided that the Emissions Trading Scheme should continue after 2012. The starting point for this report is that, after 2012, the Scheme will be a key instrument in achieving cost-efficient emission reductions, not only within the EU but also globally, and regardless of whether, with effect from 2013, the Scheme has become a part of an international climate regime, or is serving as a transition to some future new international climate regime. The purpose of this report is to provide a proposal for how the Emissions Trading Scheme should be developed after 2012. The aim is to construct a system that helps to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases (maintaining climate integrity), that assists measures being taken where they are cheapest (cost efficiency), that is accepted by parties concerned and by the general public (confidence inspiring), and which does not adversely affect the competitiveness of business or industry (competition-neutral). The Agencies recommend that Sweden should adopt the following standpoints concerning development of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme after 2012. (Recommended changes to the system presuppose a harmonised implementation throughout the EU.): In connection with international negotiations, Sweden should press for the Emissions Trading Scheme to be developed in such a way as to make it possible to achieve emission reductions in line with Council Conclusions (7619/1/05) in the form of total emission reductions of the order of 15-30 % in the industrialised countries by 2020. Sweden should press for the Scheme to be linked with other trading schemes, subject to retention of climate integrity. Linking can strengthen global climate policy ties and influence countries not having internationally binding climate commitments towards participating in some climate policy agreement. Linking also helps to counter international distortion of competition. There should be considerable opportunities for the use of CDM (or equivalent) credits in the Scheme, given that the EU has strict commitments on emission reductions. In order to ensure the system's climate integrity and competition neutrality, efforts should be aimed at ensuring that the total quantity of allowances in the Trading Scheme is decided directly at EU level (i.e. top-down), instead of as today starting from national allocation plans (i.e. bottom-up). Sweden should promote continued expansion of the Scheme to other sectors and for other gases. In 2013, it should be expanded to include emissions of carbon dioxide and PFC from primary and secondary aluminium production, carbon dioxide from certain chemical industry sectors, nitrous oxide from certain chemical industry sectors and methane from active coal mines. The European road transport sector can be included in the Scheme. However, this will pose challenges in respect of the effects on industrial competitiveness and developments within the road transport sector. In order to be able to adopt a firm position in the matter of how the road transport sector should be treated in relation to the EU ETS, Sweden should initiate in-depth studies of consequences of different options, including a separate trading scheme for the European transport sector. Purely biofuelled combustion installations should be excluded from the Scheme, and the monitoring requirements for pure biofuel streams in combustion installations that partly use biofuels should be abolished. Sweden should press for a broad and harmonised definition of the term 'combustion installation', bearing in mind the possible consequences for small installations. Efforts should be made to encourage auction procedures as the basis of allowance allocation for all sectors within the Scheme. However, until competitors outside the EU encounter some form of cost in connection with their carbon dioxide emissions, industry covered by the Scheme can continue to be allocated free allowances, preferably according to benchmarks common to the entire EU. The electricity and district heating sectors within the EU should not be allocated free allowances. These sectors' allowances should be distributed to the market by means of auctions that are open to all parties within the EU ETS. New entrants of the electricity and district heating sectors should be required to purchase their allowances on the market. Until auction procedures are introduced for existing industrial participants in the scheme, new entrants in the industrial sector should be allocated free allowances in accordance with common EU benchmarks where possible. Any surpluses from reserves kept for new entrants should be cancelled. If reserves are maintained for free allocation to new entrants, allocation of allowances to plants that have closed should cease.

  9. Pathology of acute and subchronic nitrate poisening in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus L

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Nordkvist

    1984-05-01

    natriumnitratforgiftning dog troligen av en akut blodtryckskollaps utan att utveckla methaemoglobinemi. Djur vilka dog av subkronisk natriumnitratforgiftning utvecklade alla methaemoglobinemi. Djuren som dog inom 24 timmar uppvisade enbart subserosa Modningar i pleura och blodningar i musculus longissimus costarum och musculus longissimus dorsi. Liknande blodningar i pleura och samma muskler sigs också hos djur som dog 60 - 200 timmar efter exposition. Hos dessa djur sågs emellertid också forhindringar som anses vanliga i samband med nitrat/nitritforgiftning såsom, missfårgat dåligt koagulerat blod, blodningar i hjårtat etc. Det genomgående fyndet av dessa blodningar i pleura och dorsala rygg- brostmuskler, hos ren, i samband med nitratforgiftning av subkronisk eller kronisk karaktår, ar en indikation på synbarligen patognomoniska forandringar. De två djur som dog efter att frivilligt ha druckit ammoniumnitrat lost i vatten utvecklade forandringar tydande pi en kombinerad effekt av ammonium- och nitratforgiftning. Poron (Rangifer tarandus L åkillisen subkroonisen nitraattimyrkytyksen patologia. Abstract in Finnsih / Yhteenveto: Tutkittiin metsånlannoitteiden aiheuttaman nitraattimyrkytyksen patologiaa poroissa. Ruumiinavau-skuva vaihteli lannoitteesta, annostuksesta ja altistamisajasta riippuen. Akilliseen ammoniumnitraattimyrkytykseen kuolleissa elaimisså muutokset olivat samankaltaisia kuin lampaiden ja nautojen akillisessa ammonium ja nitraattimyrkytyksessa. Yhteenkaån elåimeen ei kehittynyt methemoglobinemiaa. Eras akilliseen natriumnitraattimyrkytykseen kuollut elain menehtyi luultavasti akilliseen verenpainekollapsiin ilman methemoglobinemian kehittymista. Kaikkiin subkrooniseen natriumnitraattimyrkytykseen kuolleisiin elåimiin kehittyi methemoglobinemia. Kahden-kymmenenneljån tunnin sisalla kuolleissa elaimisså ilmeni ainoastaan rintakalvonalaisia verenvuotoja sekå verenvuotoja Musculus longissimus costarumissa ja M. longissimus dorsissa. Samankaltaisia

  10. Demam Rematik Dan Penyakit Jantung Rematik Permasalahan Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Abdullah Afif

    2008-01-01

    Demam rematik dan penyakit jantung rematik telah lama dikenal. Demam rematik (DR) dan atau Penyakit jantung rematik (PJR) eksaserbasi akut adalah suatu sindroma klinik penyakit akibat infeksi kuman Streptokokus ? hemolitik grup A pada tenggorokan yang terjadi secara akut ataupun berulang dengan satu atau lebih gejala mayor yaitu poliartritis migrans akut, karditis, korea, nodul subkutan dan eritema marginatum. 08E00203

  11. Çinkonun (Zn+2 Gümüş Balığı (Atherina boyeri, Risso, 1810 Üzerine Akut Toksisitesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cafer BULUT

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study it was aimed to determine acute toxicity of zinc on sand smelt (Atherina boyeri. In the experiments were used sand smelt which have average length of 4.41±0.068 cm and weights 0.60±0.027 g. The test fish were exposed to following concentrations of zinc (7.78, 12.96, 21.6, 36, 60 and 100 mg/L for 24 hours. In preparation of test solutions zinc sulphate and artesian water which has temperature 19° C, total hardness 350 mg/L CaCO3 and 5.72 mg/L DO. Test fish were placed in plastic containers to replications experimental groups as hourly and daily morphological observations were made and recorded time of death in acute toxicity test. In zinc-acute toxicity test were used static bioassay methods for 24 hour intervals. Data obtained from the zinc acute toxicity tests were evaluated using the Probit Analysis to LC50 and LT50. LC50 zinc concentrations values were ranged between 1.768 mg/L were observed. The longer the duration of zinc showed a decrease in the value of LC50. LC50 value of the application factor is applied (1.768x0.1 to sand smelt zinc maximum acceptable concentration (safe concentration, 0.1768 mg/L Zn+2, respectively. Lethal concentration, depending on the time interval is 1 hour and 5 minutes to 6 hours 27 minutes LT50 values ranged and decreases the concentrations of zinc have been found. During the experiment, the surface concentrations of fish depending on the movements of assembly and also the opposite effect and side swims away from a fast-moving, uncontrolled swimming, to escape out of the water movement, perpendicular to the water, swimming, breathing movements are observed

  12. Sensitivitas dan Spesifisitas Cystatin C dan Kreatinin Serum dalam Mendiagnosis Cedera Ginjal Akut pada Pasien Sepsis yang Dirawat di Ruang Rawat Intensif RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasanul Arifin

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Serum creatinine has many limitations when being used to diagnose acute kidney injury (AKI, especially in the scope of intensive care unit due to its low sensitivity to depict the kidney dysfunctional level of critically-ill patients. Out of numerous new available biological markers, four biological markers are widely used all over the world to detect AKI, e.g. neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL, cystatin C, KIM-1, and interleukin-18. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of serum cystatin C and creatinine in establishing the diagnosis of acute kidney injury in sepsis patients treated in intensive care room. This study was a diagnostic test to 24 patients and conducted in intensive care room of H. Adam Malik Hospital during the period of February–March 2014. Population in this study is all adult patients with sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock in the intensive care room. A statistical test was conducted using receiving operator characteristics (ROC method using SPSS 17 software. The result of this study showed that serum cystatin C was more superior than serum creatinine in detecting acute kidney injury in sepsis patients treated in intensive care room. In this study, cystatin C had higher sensitivity, positive prediction score, negative prediction score, and area under curve-receiving operator characteristics (AUC-ROC than serum creatinine. As of specificity, there was no significant difference between these two biological markers. In conclusion, cystatin C can be an alternative biological marker to detect AKI in sepsis patients treated in intensive care room with a better diagnostic value.

  13. Metastase til os temporale som årsag til akut vestibulært syndrom og hørenedsættelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grubbe Gregersen, Kristine; Hansen, Søren

    2013-01-01

    Metastasis to the petrous apex of the temporal bone may cause acute peripheral vestibular syndrome and impaired hearing or be asymptomatic. Contrast computed tomography should be performed to exclude pathology in the temporal bone in patients with vestibulocochlear deficit, a history of cancer...... and no findings on cerebral magnetic resonance imaging. We describe a case of a 61-year-old man with metastatic prostatic carcinoma to the temporal bone....

  14. HUBUNGAN KUALITAS SANITASI RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAPASAN AKUT (ISPA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS IV DENPASAR SELATAN KOTA DENPASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gede Sumertha Gapar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Besides positive results, the rapid development and growth of Denpasar City has also brought some problems to the Government of Denpasar City, for example the emergence of housing complexes that did not meet health standards and requirements. This problem can cause negative impacts toward the health condition of city residents, especially in the form of diseases influenced by environment factors such as acute respiratory infections (ARI. Based on that phenomena this study was carried out to examine the causal relationship between home sanitation factors (ventilation, natural lighting, humidity, temperature, population density, and air pollution and the event of acute respiratory infections (ARI in the working area of Public Health Centre IV of Denpasar Selatan District, in Denpasar City. This study had an observational nature and employed a cross-sectional design. Based on data analysis applied, this study belong to analytical studies. Population size of this study was 5,777 and covered all inhabited houses in the working areas of Public Health Centre IV of Denpasar Selatan District. Sample of 97 houses were taken using proporsional stratified random sampling. Statistical tests shows that: (1 the quality of house sanitation has a significance value p = 0.000 (sig p <0.05, (2 house ventilation has a significance value = 0.162 (sig p>0.05, (3 natural lighting has a significance value p=0.002 (sig p<0.05, (4 Room humidity has a significance value p=0.003 (sig p<0.05, (5 Room temperature has a significance value p=0.491 (sig p>0.05, (6 house population density has a significance value p=0.123 (sig p>0.05, (7 Air population in the house has a significance value p=0.001(sig p<0.05. Based on the results of our study it can be concluded that the quality of house sanitation affect the event of acute respiratory infections (ARI diseases. The variables of house sanitation that affect the event of ARI diseases are: room humidity (OR=0.321, air population in the house (OR= 0.233, natural lighting (OR= 0.151. Our study found that the probability of people who live in a house with below-standard-sanitationquality to be stricken by ARI diseases was 97.7%. Based on the results of our study it can be suggested that to the people that built the house of a qualified health.

  15. PENGARUH FAKTOR METEOROLOGIS DAN KONSENTRASI PARTIKULAT (PM10 TERHADAP KEJADIAN INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAPASAN AKUT (ISPA (Studi Kasus Kecamatan Banjarbaru Selatan, Kota Banjarbaru Tahun 2014-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiji Cahyadi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of meteorological factors directly or indirectly through the concentration of particulate (PM10 on the incidence of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI in the District of South Banjarbaru, Banjarbaru. The method used in this research is cross-sectional study, where data meteorological factors, the concentration of particulate matter (PM10 and the incidence of ARI are collected simultaneously. Data meteorological factors and the concentration of particulate matter (PM10 derived from Banjarbaru Climatological Station, while data came from health ARI Banjarbaru and Sei Besar which is located in the district of South Banjarbaru. While the analysis used in this study were Path Analysis (path analysis was an analysis of the relationship between the independent variables, intermediate variables, and the dependent variable was presented in the form of a diagram. The results showed the meteorological factors that had a direct impact on the incidence of ARI was the largest factor relative air humidity of by 18.7%, followed by a factor of 7.1% of air temperature, wind speed factor and its influence on the intensity of rainfall was below 1%. While the indirect influence of meteorological factors on the concentration of particulate matter (PM10 on the incidence of ARI in the District of South Banjarbaru effect was below 1%. It can be concluded that the direct effect of meteorological factors and the concentration of particulate matter (PM10 on the incidence of ARI in the District of South Banjarbaru significant factor was the relative air humidity and air temperature. While the indirect influence of meteorological factors against ARI through PM10, the effect was not significant.

  16. Mekanisk kredsløbsstøtte ved hjælp af cirkulationspumpe anlagt gennem vena subclavia hos en patient med akut hjertesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Nikolaj; Fabrin, Anja; Jensen, Marianne Kjær;

    2014-01-01

    A 65-year-old female patient suffered biventricular failure due to severe lymphoid myocarditis. Mechanical circulatory support was established with peripheral arterial-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (AV-ECMO). The left ventricle was relieved by subclavian Impella 5.0. AV-ECMO was weaned...... with the use of only Impella 5.0 until the 17th day of use, whereupon Impella was phased out. This case report illustrates the use-fulness of combined peripheral VA-ECMO with subclavian Impella 5.0 with the prospect of single use of the subclavian Impella 5.0 until cardiac recovery thereby avoiding central...

  17. Quantitative perfusion imaging by multi-slice CT in stroke patients; Quantitative Perfusionsbildgebung mittels Mehrschicht-Spiral-CT bei Patienten mit akuter zerebraler Ischaemie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bohner, G.; Klingebiel, R. [Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Universitaetsklinikum Charite, Abt. Neuroradiologie; Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Universitaetsklinikum Charite, Inst. fuer Radiologie; Foerschler, A.; Lehmann, R. [Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Universitaetsklinikum Charite, Abt. Neuroradiologie; Hamm, B. [Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Universitaetsklinikum Charite, Inst. fuer Radiologie

    2003-06-01

    Objectives: Evaluation of a parametric deconvolution algorithm (DA) in the diagnostic assessment of stroke patients by multislice spiral computed tomography (MS-CT). Material and Methods: 52 patients (age range 34-89 years) with clinically suspected acute ischemia of one hemisphere and no infarct demarcation on plain cerebral CT underwent CT perfusion (CTP), performed on average 3.4 hours after the onset of symptoms by using MS-CT (4 x 8 mm scan volume). Using a DA-based software module, perfusion images of the cerebral blood perfusion (CBP), cerebral blood volume (CBV) and mean transit time (MTT) were calculated and assessed by two readers for visually apparent perfusion abnormalities. Amount and extension of perfusion disturbances were measured and correlated with the outcome. Results: Of 44 patients, in whom perfusion maps could be generated, territorial infarction was confirmed by follow-up in 22 subjects. With a sensitivity of 95% ischemia could be detected on MTT-maps (CBP 91%, CBV 77%). Specificity was highest (100%) for CBV-maps. Patients with infarction showed significant (p<0.001) reduction of CBP (10.7 vs. 38.3 ml/100 ml/min), CBV (1.3 vs. 2.3 ml/100 ml) and prolongation of MTT (12.3 vs. 4.3 s) compared to the contralateral hemisphere, whereas in patients without infarction no significant changes were found. Extension of CBV reduction showed the best correlation (r=0.82) with final infarct volume. Conclusion: The DA-based CTP protocol evaluated in this study is a suitable tool for the early identification and quantification of acute cerebral ischemia. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Evaluation des Einsatzes der Mehrschicht-Spiral-CT (MS-CT) in Kombination mit einem parametrischen Dekonvolutionsalgorithmus (DA) zur zerebralen Perfusionsbildgebung bei Patienten mit klinischen Zeichen einer akuten territorialen Ischaemie. Material und Methoden: 52 Patienten (Altersspanne 34-89 Jahre) mit klinischen Zeichen einer akuten territorialen Ischaemie sowie fehlender Infarktdemarkierung in der nativen CT erhielten eine CT-Perfusion (CTP) im Mittel 3,4 Stunden nach Symptombeginn an einem MS-CT Geraet (4 x 8 mm Scanvolumen). Die Parameterbilder der CTP (zerebrale Blutperfusion (CBP), zerebrales Blutvolumen (CBV) und mittlere Transitzeit (MTT)) wurden mittels eines parametrischen DA generiert und bezueglich einer zerebralen Minderperfusion verblindet durch zwei Neuroradiologen ausgewertet. Die Auspraegung und die Volumina der Perfusionsstoerungen wurden ermittelt und mit konventionellen bildgebenden Verlaufskonstrollen korreliert. Ergebnisse: Perfusionsbilder konnten von 44 Patienten generiert werden, hiervon entwickelten 22 Patienten einen im Verlauf gesicherten Infarkt. Ischaemische Veraenderungen konnten am besten anhand der MTT-Bilder (Sensitivitaet MTT 95%, CBP 91%, CBV 77%) erfasst werden. Die Spezifitaet war fuer die CBV-Bilder am hoechsten (100%). Patienten mit Infarkt zeigten seitenvergleichend eine signifikante (p<0,001) Reduktion der CBP (10,7 bzw. 38,3 ml/100 ml/min), des CBV (1,3 bzw. 2,3 ml/100 ml) und eine Verlaengerung der MTT (12,3 bzw. 4,3 s) in ischaemischen Arealen, wohingegen Patienten, die keinen Infarkt entwickelten, keine signifikante Seitendifferenz aufwiesen. Die Ausdehnung der CBV-Reduktion ergab die beste Korrelation (r=0,82) mit dem endgueltigen Infarktvolumen. Schlussfolgerung: Das in dieser Studie evaluierte DA-basierte CTP-Protokoll ist zur fruehzeitigen Erkennung und Quantifizierung einer akuten zerebralen Ischaemie geeignet. (orig.)

  18. Acute compartment syndrome of the forearm after paravasation of contrast medium. Case report; Akutes Kompartmentsyndrom des Unterarms nach Paravasation von Roentgenkontrastmittel. Ein Fallbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ensat, F.; Babl, M.; Spies, M. [Krankenhaus Barmherzige Brueder, Klinik fuer Plastische, Hand- und wiederherstellende Chirurgie, Regensburg (Germany)

    2010-03-15

    The paravasation of radiographic contrast medium has a wide spectrum of clinical presentations, ranging from local erythema and swelling to extensive damage to the extremity affected. We report the case of a patient who developed an acute compartment syndrome of the forearm after paravenous mechanical injection of 100 ml radiographic contrast medium. After emergency fasciotomy for muscle and nerve decompression the full range of motion and sensitivity could be restored. (orig.) [German] Die Paravasation von Roentgenkontrastmittel verlaeuft klinisch zumeist harmlos, kann jedoch auch zur ausgedehnten Schaedigung der betroffenen Extremitaet fuehren. Wir berichten ueber die Ausbildung eines akuten Kompartmentsyndroms des Unterarms nach paravenoeser Druckinjektion von 100 ml Roentgenkonstrastmittel ohne vorausgegangenes Trauma. Durch eine notfallmaessige Fasziotomie kam es zur vollstaendigen Wiederherstellung von Sensibilitaet und Motorik. (orig.)

  19. Streptokinase som rutinebehandling ved akut myokardieinfarkt. Effekten på smerter, arytmier og letalitet vurderet ud fra en historisk kohorteundersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, J H; Sørensen, H T; Nielsen, F E

    1991-01-01

    on the course of pain, occurrence of arrhythmia and the lethality. Seventy-six patients with their first AMI treated with SK and low-dosage acetylsalicylic acid were compared with 76 patients with their first AMI who were not treated with SK. The median value of the employment of intravenous analgesics......-dosage acetylsalicylic acid in the acute phase of myocardial infarction has the effect of reducing 1) the duration of pain and thus the consumption of analgesics, 2) the number of cases of atrial fibrillation and 3) the lethality during the period of hospitalization....

  20. The Culture of Memory in the ”Grandchildren Generation” in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerg, Helle

    2011-01-01

    En empirisk analyse af erindringskultur og historiebevidsthed om 2. verdenskrig og Holocaust i 3. generation efter 2. verdenskrig......En empirisk analyse af erindringskultur og historiebevidsthed om 2. verdenskrig og Holocaust i 3. generation efter 2. verdenskrig...

  1. Gradiva, Pigen der går fremad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Analyse af kopi i gips efter antikt relief, kaldet "Gradiva". Fra Sigmund Freud over Surrelismen til Alain Robbe-Grillet.......Analyse af kopi i gips efter antikt relief, kaldet "Gradiva". Fra Sigmund Freud over Surrelismen til Alain Robbe-Grillet....

  2. Evidensbaseret viden i den klinske sygepleje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andres, Emilie Marie; Larsen, Bente Malig

    2008-01-01

    University College Lillebælt, Sygeplejerskeuddannelsen i Svendborg og Odense har i efteråret 2007 og foråret 2008 arbejdet med projekt ’Uddannelse af kliniske vejledere i anvendelse af evidensbaseret viden i den kliniske sygepleje’. Projektet slutter efter planen i efteråret 2008. Projektet går ud...

  3. Podemos som postkrise-parti

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2015-01-01

    Podemos er et nyt politisk parti i Spanien, stiftet efter finanskrisen. Partiet har allerede opnået stor tilslutning og forventes at komme til at spille en rolle i spansk politik efter det nationale valg i efteråret 2015. Podemos repræsenterer en ny type venstrefløjsparti med tætte relationer til...

  4. Smertetilstand og psykologisk distress før uheldet prædikterer gener efter whiplash-traume - sekundærpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, Tina Birgitte; Frostholm, Lisbeth; Ørnbøl, Eva

    2009-01-01

    Patients with acute whiplash trauma were followed to examine if pre-collision pain and psychological distress were associated with reduced work capability and neck pain at 12 month follow-up. Pre-collision unspecified pain was associated with reduced work capability, and neck pain and pre...

  5. Mellem storpolitik og værkstedsgulv. Den danske arbejder - før, under og efter Den kolde krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Niels Jul

    2004-01-01

     Arbejderbevægelsen har sat et markant præg på udviklingen af såvel velfærdssamfund som velfærdsstat gennem 1900-tallet. Et almindeligt synspunkt er, at en stærk fagbevægelse og et toneangivende Socialdemokrati 'nedefra' - udfra en ideologi om en forbedring af forholdene for den jævne befolkning ...

  6. Genetablering af danske kystnære marine økosystemer efter reduktion af næringsstoftilførsler: udvikling og tidsforsinkelser i indikatorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riemann, Bo; Carstensen, Jacob; Dahl, Karsten;

    . Klorofylmængden aftog og dækningsgraden af makroalger steg som funktioner af de reducerede næringsstoftilførsler. Biomassen af bundfaunaen var oprindeligt domineret af filtratorer, men i takt med de observerede reduktioner i næringsstoftilførslerne aftog den samlede biomasse og i særdeleshed biomassen af...

  7. After the oil peak - How do we build preparedness with divergent visions of the future?; Efter oljetoppen - Hur bygger vi beredskap naer framtidsbilderna gaar isaer?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helmfrid, Hillevi; Haden, Andrew

    2006-04-15

    This report was written to highlight important issues regarding the preparedness of Swedish society for a potential scarcity of crude oil and possible rapid increases in energy prices. The report consists of nine chapters covering the following topics: Chapter 1 introduces and describes the purpose of the report. Chapter 2 summarizes the available information related to the future availability of conventional crude oil and describes the theory of oil production 'peak'. Chapter 3 examines estimates of future oil demand using IEA global demand forecasts. Chapter 4 considers the question: 'when will oil production peak'? We examine the assumptions behind the various prognoses. Chapter 5 offers a broad overview of the importance of oil consumption for society. The chapter highlights the concept of Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI) as it pertains to fossil and renewable energy sources. The EROEI of conventional crude oil has historically been very high. This is not true of many alternative fuels. In addition to discussing its various current uses, we consider the implications of oil consumption for the current economic order and for international political relations. Chapter 6 deals specifically with the role of oil in the Swedish food system, and the Swedish forestry system, which together comprise the Swedish 'green sector'. As of this writing, much attention is focused on agriculture and forestry as future energy sources for society. At the same time, we know that agriculture and forestry, as practiced today, are large consumers of fossil fuels. How this paradox can be resolved is a central question for modern societies, and implies significant changes for agriculture and forestry systems, and their associated industries. As an illustration, we offer baseline calculations of the amount of land that would need to be dedicated to raw material production for biofuels, given the current productivity of Sweden's agriculture and forestry, and the efficiency of existing technology for converting raw material to biofuels. We estimate the land needed to meet Sweden's gasoline and diesel use in the following forms: ethanol from wheat, biodiesel from rapeseed (RME), dimethyl ether (DME) from woody biomass, ethanol from woody biomass, and biogas produced from dedicated pasture crops. Our calculations indicate that Sweden would require as little as 4 million hectares of dedicated pasture crops to be grown for biogas production to replace its gasoline and diesel consumption, 6 million hectares to produce an equivalent amount of ethanol and RME, or 15 million hectares of forestland to replace this consumption by converting wood into ethanol or DME and/or methanol. Given that Sweden currently has 2.6 million hectares of arable land in active production, and approximately 22.7 million hectares of economically productive forestland, becoming free of oil dependence will be a significant challenge. Chapter 7 presents two future visions from the year 2100. The visions highlight the current diversity of values and expectations that exist in Sweden regarding the future development. The visions take into account three system levels: 1) the global level, 2) Sweden at the national level and, 3) the Swedish 'green sector'. These three system levels are described within two broad future visions: a) the 'high-energy society' and b) the 'low-energy society'. The 'high-energy society' vision is based on the assumption that replacing oil will be relatively easy. In contrast, the 'low-energy society' vision is based on the assumption that today's high level of energy consumption will be impossible to maintain after global oil production peaks, and society will be forced to find new patterns of organization that require less energy consumption. In both visions it is presumed that global solidarity is maintained, and humanity is able to equalize the global income gap, preserve world peace and protect the environment. Chapter 8 looks closer at the two visions and analyzes the risks associated with steering society towards one of the two visions if the fundamental assumptions underlying that vision turn out to be incorrect. The salient features of the high-energy vision stem from assumptions made regarding nature and technology, including: the potential for energy-efficient capture of carbon dioxide, the long-term sustainability of biofuel production, the potential of breakthroughs in solar-hydrogen technology, improved photosynthesis through genetic engineering, increased energy efficiency through information technology solutions, and the potential to close material cycles while maintaining high levels of energy use. The high-energy vision further assumes stable oil prices, that income inequality between nations will automatically be equalized in a free market setting, that we can protect the climate while maintaining high levels of energy use, that efficiency gains will not be nullified through higher consumption, and that society is able to monitor the global ecosystem and thereby avoid unpleasant surprises. The salient features of the low-energy vision stem from the assumption that current economic, political, and institutional realities need to be re-oriented towards post-materialist values, while new ground rules for trade and development are instituted at the global level that promote justice and resource stewardship, thus allowing the global economy to contract in an orderly fashion without collapsing. Chapter 9 presents our conclusions. Our analysis indicates that if the assumptions underlying the high-energy vision prove to be incorrect, there is a risk that the social and ecological consequences could be severe. A primary drawback with the low-energy vision is that it is extremely difficult to imagine when and how this vision would be enacted, given current trends.

  8. Long-term growth responses of ash addition and liming - Preliminary results from a pilot study; Laangtidseffekter paa skogsproduktion efter askaaterfoering och kalkning - Preliminaera resultat fraan en pilotstudie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sikstroem, Ulf; Jacobson, Staffan (Skogsbrukets Forskningsinstitut (Skogforsk), Uppsala Science Park, SE-751 83 Uppsala (Sweden)); Johansson, Ulf (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, The Unit for field-based forest research, Box 17, SE-310 38 Simlaangsdalen (Sweden)); Kukkola, Mikko; Saarsalmi, Anna (Metla, P.O. Box 18, FIN-01301 Vantaa (Finland)); Holt-Hansen, Kjersti (Norsk Institutt for skog og landskap, P.B. 115, NO-1431 Aas (Norway))

    2009-04-15

    Under this pilot study with preliminary results revealed trends in the experimental material which indicated that the addition of ashes or lime in the coniferous forest on mineral soil can lead to reduced stem growth on land with low fertility, unchanged stem growth in medium productive land, while growth may increase land with high fertility. This applied to both periods of 5-15 years and in the longer term (17-23 years; lime). Hence, the hypothesis, regarding the growth being dependent on soil fertility expressed as fertility, could not be rejected. However, previously reported indications of a similar connection with the C/N ratio in the humus was not confirmed in this first evaluation of the material

  9. Usikker effekt af opfølgende hjemmebesøg til ældre medicinske patienter efter hospitalsindlæggelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendriksen, Carsten; Vass, Mikkel

    2015-01-01

    Improving the vulnerable hospital discharge process among older people has been in focus for decades. The economic impact and ease of measurement of all-cause hospital readmission rates have questioned whether they are reducible. This review aimed to identify the efficiency of follow-up home visits...... after hospital discharge by district nurses in coordination with general practice. Six settings in Denmark have been evaluated in different controlled designs. Results are inconsistent and inconclusive due to selection bias and methods chosen. Targeting and management organisation need further research....

  10. Studiebesök i religionskunskapsundervisningen : Elevers tal om islam före, under och efter ett moskébesök

    OpenAIRE

    Halvarson Britton, Thérèse

    2014-01-01

    One aim with the Swedish non-confessional religious education is to increase students’ understanding and respect for different ways of thinking and behaving. One opportunity to reflect upon other people's interpretations of life, are field visits. Many teachers and students want to make field visits but few actually do. This thesis explores educational opportunities and challenges generated by field visits as part of religious education. This is a classroom study in an upper secondary school ...

  11. Patienters oplevelse af deltagelse i et accelereret operationsforløb efter en kolonoperation. En fænomenologisk undersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norlyk, Annelise

    2010-01-01

    Lifeworld Research. Participating in the programme involved facing several dilemmas. It was not always easy for the patients to find the strength, courage, and will to comply with the daily regimen because discomfort and vulnerability could undermine their abilities to follow the recommendations...

  12. Usikker effekt af opfølgende hjemmebesøg til ældre medicinske patienter efter hospitalsindlæggelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendriksen, Carsten; Vass, Mikkel

    2015-01-01

    after hospital discharge by district nurses in coordination with general practice. Six settings in Denmark have been evaluated in different controlled designs. Results are inconsistent and inconclusive due to selection bias and methods chosen. Targeting and management organisation need further research....

  13. Effects on the flora after application of wood-ash and mixed coal-wood-ash; Effekter paa floran efter tillfoersel av ved- och blandaska. Ramprogram askaaterfoering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gyllin, M.; Kruuse, A.

    1996-11-01

    To estimate the impact on the herbaceous and moss layers in Swedish forests fertilized with wood-ash, the vegetation in 52 plots at six different sites was analysed in the summers of 1993 and 1994 using a quantitative line assessment method. Five of the sites are located in the south-west of Sweden and one in the far north. Powdered wood-ash had been applied in doses of 2, 2.8, 3, and 7 tonnes per hectare, granulated wood-ash in doses of 1, 3, and 6 tonnes per hectare, and mixed hard coal-wood-ash in a dose of 3 tonnes per hectare. The age of the plots ranged from two to nine years. The results indicate that the number of species in ashed plots is higher than in control plots at three of the sites, but not at the remaining three. A few species were significantly more frequent in ashed plots, and fewer were less frequent. Two moss species generally found on rich forest soils were more frequent in ashed plots, while the opposite was true for a moss species known to be calcifuge. The connection between ash and the other affected mosses and vascular plants is nuclear, but may be potentially strong in the long term, thus altering the composition of the plant community. All forest-floor lichens counted as a group seemed disfavoured by wood-ash. Conclusions are: Species richness increases in ashed plots. A few species are favoured and fewer are disfavoured. Nothing in this investigation suggests that wood-ash application in forest plots would result in any negative effects. Further studies should be conducted in a much more long-term perspective, as some potentially important changes may be impossible to detect just a few years after the ash has been applied. However, the impact on the vegetation ought to be the strongest immediately following the ash application. 9 refs, 7 figs, 2 tabs Figs with text in English

  14. Kan karkirurgi nedsaette amputationsfrekvensen? En amputationsopgørelse i Viborg Amt før og efter indførelsen af eget karkirurgisk afsnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, J S; Bøvling, S; Fasting, H

    1993-01-01

    In June 1988 a Department of Vascular Surgery was established in the County of Viborg, Denmark. In a retrospective study, 314 patients had 337 major amputations within two time periods: 1986-1987, and 1989-1990. The number of patients seen by a vascular surgeon rose significantly from 19% in the ...

  15. En förändrad yrkesidentitet: Förskollärares berättelser fyra och tolv år efter examen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inger Eline Hensvold

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Title: A changed professional identity: Preschools teachers’ narratives twelve years after examination.Abstract: How do preschool-teachers describe their professional work with children four and twelve years after their graduation? The purpose was also to identify important factors concerning their professional development and identity. The empirical data are the narratives of three Swedish preschool-teachers, four and twelve years after their teacher graduation. The narrative is considered, according to Giddens (2008 as an expression of the professional identity, which is regarded as a relational concept and deals with the ability to be occupied with a specific narrative. Three recurrent themes were identified in the narratives, which show a changed professional identity. The first is a changed professional identity concerning a process from adaption to challenge in relation to the preschools self-narratives. The second is about a changed professional identity in relation to care and education. The third theme describes a change from focusing the teacher’s listening to the child into supporting and challenging the child’s learning process.

  16. Opfølgning efter nontyfoid Salmonella-bakteriæmi er vigtig på grund af risiko for endovaskulær infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sydenham, Thomas Vognbjerg; Andersen, Åse Bengård

    2015-01-01

    An 81-year-old male with atherosclerosis had an episode of bacteraemia with Salmonella dublin six weeks prior to admission to hospital. He presented with confusion, fever and abdominal pain. Blood cultures revealed S. dublin, and an 18F-fluor deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tom......An 81-year-old male with atherosclerosis had an episode of bacteraemia with Salmonella dublin six weeks prior to admission to hospital. He presented with confusion, fever and abdominal pain. Blood cultures revealed S. dublin, and an 18F-fluor deoxyglucose positron emission tomography...

  17. Fælles og gensidige testamenter efter den ny arvelov - med fokus på længstlevende testators testations- og rådighedsbeføjelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feldthusen, Rasmus Kristian

    2008-01-01

    Ved arveloven indførtes bl.a. nye regler for fælles testamenter, hvilke i væsentlig omfang afviger fra reglerne i den nu ophævede arvelov. I artiklen analyseres føromtalte regler, der er placeret i arvelovens kap. 13, idet den nye definition »fælles testamente«, kritiseres for ikke at indeholde...

  18. Myocardial Infarction and Risk of Suicide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Karen Kjær; Agerbo, Esben; Christensen, Bo

    2010-01-01

    Akut myokardieinfarkt og risikoen for selvmord: Et populationsbaseret case-control studie Baggrund Akut myokardieinfarkt (MI) er associeret med øget risiko for angst, depression, nedsat livskvalitet og mortalitet af alle årsager. Det er uvist om MI er associeret med øget risiko for selvmord. Vi...

  19. Regional pulmonary edema caused by acute mitral insufficiency after rupture of chordae tendinae with prolaps of the posterior mitral valve; Regionales Lungenoedem bei akuter Mitralinsuffizienz nach Chordae-tendineae-Abriss mit Prolaps des posterioren Mitralsegels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mauser, M.; Wiedemer, B.; Fleischmann, D. [Klinikum Lahr (Germany). Medizinische Klinik; Billmann, P. [Klinikum Lahr (Germany). Inst. fuer Radiologie; Ennker, J. [Herzzentrum Lahr/Baden (Germany). Abt. fuer Herzchirurgie

    2003-07-01

    An unilateral or predominantly lobar pulmonary edema is an unusual clinical or radiological finding, often misdiagnosed as one of the more common causes of focal lung disease. We report 2 cases of a regional pulmonary edema caused by the acute onset of a severe mitral insufficiency after the rupture of chordae tendinae resulting in a prolaps of the posterior mitral leaflet. In both cases the regional pulmonary edema was initially misdiagnosed as a pneumonic infiltration, which delayed the cardiological diagnostical procedures and the surgical intervention. The mechanism of the regional edema is an excentric regurgitation jet into the left atrium, which is usually directed to the orifice of the right upper lobe pulmonary vein which increases the hydrostatic vascular pressure in the corresponding lung segment. For the confirmation of the diagnosis, transesophageal echogradiographye is helpful in documenting the direction of the regurgitant flow and detecting differential gradients between the right and left pulmonary venous systems. The pulmonary infiltrations, which persisted for several weeks, dissappeared within a few days after surgical mitral-valve-reconstruction in both cases. (orig.) [German] Ein einseitiges oder ueberwiegend lobaeres Lungenoedem ist ein seltener klinischer und radiologischer Befund, der haeufig initial zur Fehldiagnose einer weitaus haeufigeren fokaleren Lungenerkrankung fuehrt. Wir berichten ueber 2 Faelle, bei denen nach Auftreten einer akuten Mitralinsuffizienz auf dem Boden eines Sehnenfadenabrisses am posterioren Mitralsegel ein regionales Lungenoedem zunaechst als pneumonisches Infiltrat fehlgedeutet wurde, was die weitere kardiologische Diagnostik und chirurgische Therapie verzoegerte. Wie in den wenigen in der Literatur beschriebenen Faellen findet sich hierbei ein exzentrischer Regurgitationsjet in den linken Vorhof, der ueblicherweise auf die Einmuendung der rechten oberen Pulmonalvene gerichtet ist und in dem dazugehoerigen Lungensegment einen hoeheren hydrostatischen Druck erzeugt und damit zum regionalen Lungenoedem, vorzugsweise im rechten Lungenoberlappen, fuehren kann. Zur Diagnosesicherung ist die transoesophageale Echokardiographie eine aeusserst hilfreiche Untersuchung, da sich hier die Richtung des Regurgitationsjet ueber die Mitralklappe gut darstellt und unterschiedliche Gradienten zwischen dem rechten und linken pulmonal-venoesen System bestimmt werden koennen. In beiden Faellen fuehrte die chirurgische Mitralklappenrekonstruktion zum raschen Verschwinden der zuvor ueber Wochen therapierefraktaeren Lungeninfiltrate. (orig.)

  20. Does {sup 131}I-treatment of goitre result in an acute increase in the volume a function of the thyroid gland?; Medfoerer {sup 131}I-behandling af strufma en akut foroegelse af glandula thyreoideas volumen og funktion?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nygaard, B.; Faber, J.O.; Hegedues, L.

    1995-12-01

    Many textbooks claim that radioiodine ({sup 131}I) treatment should be avoided in treatment of a goitre with substernal extension, due to fear of acute swelling of the gland with resulting respiratory problems. We examined patients with multinodular goitre, either nontoxic (n=20) or toxic (n=10) after treatment with {sup 131}I. An ultrasonically determined thyroid volume and thyroid function variables were investigated before and two, seven, 14, 21, 28 and 35 days after treatment. In nontoxic goitres the thyroid volume did not increase significantly, the maximum increase in the median volume being 4% on day 7. Serum levels of free T{sub 3} and free T{sub 4} indices increased by 20% (day 7) and 13% (day 14) (p=0.002), respectively. Likewise thyroid volume in toxic nodular goitre did not change significantly after {sup 131}I treatment. None of the patients presented symptoms of tracheal compression. We conclude that {sup 131}I treatment of nontoxic as well as toxic multinodular goitre does not seem to increase thyroid volume. (au) 18 refs.

  1. Results of a study on low-level flight noise in the Federal Republic of Germany. Acute and chronic effects on human hearing. Ergebnisse einer Tieffluglaerm-Studie in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Akute und chronische Auswirkungen auf das menschliche Gehoer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ising, H.; Rebentisch, E. (BGA, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Wasser-, Boden- und Lufthygiene)

    1992-03-01

    In persons aged 18 to 50, hearing thresholds after exposure to low-level flight noise with different noise levels and speeds of noise levels and speeds of noise level increase were determined within a broad frequency range by means of fixed-frequency Bekesy audiometry. Temporary rises in the hearing threshold were shown to occurr significantly more often for rapid increases in noise level than for slow ones. A pilot study conducted in 1985 aimed at the following; Comparison of school children from an extremely afflicted area of the zone of flight altitude 75 metres with school children from a zone of flight altitude 150 metres as to hearing symptoms and auditory capability. These results were to be verified and extended by the principal study. Representative field studies were carried through for this purpose in Lower Saxonia. The results obtained corroborate the hypothesis that military low-level flight noise with noise peaks around 125 dB (A) and high speed of noise level increase causes slight, irreversible threshold of hearing shifts in sensitive individuals of the population concerned. (orig./MM).

  2. Acute effects of differing duration of static stretching on speed performance

    Farklı sürelerde uygulanan statik germenin sürat performansına akut etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    Suat Yıldız; Murat Çilli; Ertuğrul Gelen; Emel Güzel

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of differing duration (15s, 30s, 45s) of static stretching on speed performance. Method: Twenty students in Physical Education and Sports (age 23.3 ± 2.0 years, height 175.7 ± 5.8 cm, weight 67.6 ± 8.6 kg) implemented 4 differing duration static stretching protocol on ​​noncontiguous days. After low intensity aerobic exercise subjects applied 15s static stretching (SG15), 30s static stretching (SG30), 45s static ...

  3. Acute effects of differing duration of static stretching on speed performance Farklı sürelerde uygulanan statik germenin sürat performansına akut etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    Yıldız, Suat; Çilli, Murat; Gelen, Ertuğrul; Güzel, Emel

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of differing duration (15s, 30s, 45s) of static stretching on speed performance. Method: Twenty students in Physical Education and Sports (age 23.3 ± 2.0 years, height 175.7 ± 5.8 cm, weight 67.6 ± 8.6 kg) implemented 4 differing duration static stretching protocol on ​​noncontiguous days. After low intensity aerobic exercise subjects applied 15s static stretching (SG15), 30s static stretching (SG30), 45s static ...

  4. Acute pulmonary embolism: prediction of cor pulmonale and short-term patient survival from assessment of cardiac dimensions in routine multidetector-row CT; Mehrschicht-Spiral-CT bei vermuteter und inzidenteller akuter Lungenembolie: prognostischer Wert morpholoqischer Herzparameter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Engeike, C. [Radiologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Univ. Muenchen (Germany); Rummeny, E.; Marten, K. [Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Univ. Muenchen (Germany)

    2006-10-15

    Purpose: evaluation of the prognostic value of morphological cardiac parameters in patients with suspected and incidental acute pulmonary embolism (PE) using multidetector-row chest CT (MSCT). Materials and methods: 2335 consecutive MSCT scans were evaluated for the presence of PE. The arterial enhancement and analysability of pulmonary arteries and the heart were assessed as parameters of the scan quality. The diastolic right and left ventricular short axes (RV{sub D}, LV{sub D}) and the interventricular septal deviation (ISD) were measured in all PE-positive patients and the echocardiography reports were reviewed. The clinical data assessment included cardio-respiratory and other co-morbidities, systemic anticoagulant therapy (ACT), and the 30-day outcome. Predictors of acute cor pulmonale and the short-term outcome were calculated by univariate and multivariate logistic regressions including odds ratios (OR) and ROC analyses using positive (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV). Results: 90 patients with acute PE were included (36 with clinically suspected PE, 54 with incidental PE). 26 patients had cardio-respiratory co-morbidities. Four patients underwent systemic thrombolysis, 43 underwent anticoagulation in therapeutic doses, 19 underwent anticoagulation in prophylactic doses, and 24 patients did not undergo ACT. 15 of 41 patients had echocardiographic evidence of acute cor pulmonale. 8 patients died within 30 days. The RV{sub D} was the best independent predictor of acute cor pulmonale (p = 0,002, OR = 9.16, PPV = 0.68, NPV=1 at 4.49 cm cut off) and short-term outcome (p= 0,0005, OR = 2.82, PPV = 0.23, NPV = 0.98 at 4.75 cm cut off). The RV{sub D}/LV{sub D} ratio had a PPV of 0.85 for cor pulmonale. (orig.)

  5. Embolisation of acute abdominal and thoracal bleeding with ethylene-vinyl-alcohol copolymer (Onyx {sup registered}); Embolisation akuter abdomineller und thorakaler Blutungen mit Ethylen-Vinyl-Alkohol-Kopolymer (Onyx {sup registered}). Erste Erfahrungen im arteriellen Gefaessgebiet des Koerperstamms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adamus, R.; Uder, M.; Kleinschmidt, T.; Detmar, K.; Bolte, R.; Stein, H.; Loose, R.W.

    2010-10-15

    During the last years most embolizations with the liquid agent Onyx have been performed in the field of neuroradiological interventions. There is minimal experience with arterial embolizations of the body trunk. 23 patients suffering from acute abdominal or thoracic bleeding underwent 28 embolizations with Onyx (17 male, 6 female, mean age 69 years). 27 interventions were technically and clinically successful. One patient with rebleeding from a jejunal artery aneurysm underwent surgery. Onyx embolizations were performed in renal, hepatic, iliac and bronchial arteries and esophageal varices. Compared with prior embolisation agents Onyx offers advantages due to good controllability. Fast arterial occlusion improves time management of patients. In comparison with prior techniques we observed a significant reduction of fluoroscopy time. Quantitative measurements demonstrated a significant higher embolisation agent contrast. (orig.)

  6. Sentetik piretroit alfa-sipermetrinin değişken desenli gece kurbağası, Bufotes variabilis iribaşlarındaki akut toksisitesi (Amphibia: Anura)

    OpenAIRE

    Mert Gürkan; Seda Serbest; Sibel Hayretdağ

    2016-01-01

    In this study, acute toxic effects of alpha-cypermethrin were investigated in the tadpoles of Bufotes variabilis (Pallas, 1769). Tadpoles at Gosner stage 19 were exposed to 0, 0.1, 5 and 10 µgl-1 of alpha-cypermethrin concentrations for 96 hours. Mortality, the changes in some morphological measurements (snout-vent length, body width, tail length, and wet weight), morphological anomalies and behavioral changes were evaluated at the end of the experiment. The 96 hours LC50 value was calculate...

  7. Binokulare Steigerung und geschlechtsspezifische Unterschiede im multifokalen VEP mit Mehrkanal-Messung

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Das VEP ist eine Methode, die schon lange im klinischen Alltag genutzt wird, im Gegensatz zum relativ neuen, noch nicht etablierten mfVEP. Beide erfassen Potenziale, die in der Sehrinde im Occipitallappen erzeugt werden. Um Normalwerte des VEP und mfVEP zu erlangen bedarf es der Funktion des gesamten Sehsystems. Funktionsstörungen des Sehsystems führen zu Veränderungen im VEP und mfVEP. Dadurch können Ausfälle, wie z.B. beim Glaukom, auch mittels mfVEP erkannt werden. Für unsere Experimente w...

  8. Smitte via håndtryk kan udløse erstatning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henschel, Rene Franz

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen behandler hospitalers erstatningsansvar efter dansk rets alminddelige regler samt efter lov om klage- og erstatningsadgang inden for sundhedsvæsenet såfremt patienter eller besøgende smittes via håndtryk på danske hospitaler mv. Udgivelsesdato: 26092008......Artiklen behandler hospitalers erstatningsansvar efter dansk rets alminddelige regler samt efter lov om klage- og erstatningsadgang inden for sundhedsvæsenet såfremt patienter eller besøgende smittes via håndtryk på danske hospitaler mv. Udgivelsesdato: 26092008...

  9. Rolle der gemeinsamen Expression von AML1-ETO und weiteren Onkogenen für die Induktion von Leukämie

    OpenAIRE

    Eichwald, Viktoria

    2014-01-01

    Akute Leukämien treten in allen Altersstufen auf. Akute lymphatische Leukämie (ALL) ist die häufigste Leukämie bei Kindern, während akute myeloischen Leukämien (AML) mit verschiedenen Untergruppen etwa 80% aller akuten Leukämien bei Erwachsenen ausmachen. Die Translokation t(8;21) resultiert in der Entstehung des Fusionsgens AML1-ETO und zählt zu den häufigen Translokationen bei der AML. Dabei fusioniert die DNA-bindende Domäne des AML1 mit dem fast kompletten ETO-Protein. AML1-ETO wirkt als ...

  10. Hvordan man ligger sig til hovedrollen på fransk efter først at have væltet kaffen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korzen, Hanne

    2016-01-01

    The article treats two fundamental aspects of French and Danish that can be explained by Per Durst Andersen’s theory: 1) Restrictions on the use of the free adjunct to the object. 2) The expression of concrete and abstract movement and position in Danish and French. The first construction type...... behaves in the same way in the two languages, probably due to the human cognitive apparatus. Durst-Andersen’s theory permits to explain an important aspect of that problem that could not be explained by the “classical” theory of “aktionsart”. As for the second construction type, Danish and French behave...

  11. Development, control and counter-measures regarding radioactive caesium in Swedish reindeer after the Chernobyl accident; Utveckling, oevervakning och aatgaerder naer det gaeller radioaktivt cesium i renar efter Tjernobylolyckan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aahman, Birgitta [Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden). Reindeer Husbandry Unit

    2005-10-01

    Since the Chernobyl accident in 1986, monitoring of {sup 137}Cs in reindeer has been made at slaughter, by measuring muscle samples or by direct monitoring of gamma radiation on reindeer carcasses. Carcasses above the accepted limit have been discarded. Many carcasses were discarded during the first years, but now the number is only some per cent of the total slaughter. The radiocaesium intake in reindeer varies with season, which is reflected in the levels in reindeer, which are low in summer and high in winter. The levels of {sup 137}Cs have declined from 1986 to 2004 with an average effective half-life of 5.3 years. The decline was faster during the first years than during later years. Presently, 16 out of totally 51 reindeer herding districts in Sweden are included in the control of {sup 137}Cs in reindeer. Control is often necessary only in defined areas or at certain periods of the year. Monitoring of {sup 137}Cs in live reindeer is made in addition to the monitoring at slaughter. Counter-measures have been applied in areas where many reindeer are above the accepted limit for {sup 137}Cs. Change of slaughter time and feeding are the most used counter-measures. The reindeer owners are compensated economically from the state for costs related to these counter-measures. The need for measures, and thereby the costs, have decreased with time. In the southern parts of the county of Vaesterbotten and in the northernmost part of Jaemtland, where the Chernobyl fallout was the highest, it will probably still take at least ten to twenty years until measures and control are no longer needed.

  12. "Hun forsvinder ikke" - et kvalitativt studie af døende patienters og pårørendes overvejelser om en fortsat relation efter døden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moestrup, Lene; Hvidt, Niels Christian; Hansen, Helle Ploug

    2014-01-01

    Research shows that relationships with other people constitute a significant source of meaning in life, both among people in general as well as among palliative patients. In this study we explored how dying patients in a hospice and their next of kin construct stories about their continuing...

  13. Presentation of safety after closure of the repository for spent nuclear fuel. Main report of the project SR-Site. Part III; Redovisning av saekerhet efter foerslutning av slutfoervaret foer anvaent kaernbraensle. Huvudrapport fraan projekt SR-Site. Del III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of the safety assessment SR-Site is to investigate whether a safe repository for spent nuclear fuel by KBS-3 type can be constructed at Forsmark in Oesthammar in Sweden. The location of the Forsmark has been selected based on results of several surveys from surface conditions at depth in Forsmark and in Laxemar in Oskarshamn. The choice of location is not justified in SR-Site Report, but in other attachments to SKB's permit applications. SR-Site Report is an important part of SKB's permit applications to construct and operate a repository for spent nuclear fuel at Forsmark in Oesthammar. The purpose of the report in the applications is to show that a repository at Forsmark is safe after closure

  14. Presentation of safety after closure of the repository for spent nuclear fuel. Main report of the project SR-Site. Part I; Redovisning av saekerhet efter foerslutning av slutfoervaret foer anvaent kaernbraensle. Huvudrapport fraan projekt SR-Site. Del I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of the safety assessment SR-Site is to investigate whether a safe repository for spent nuclear fuel by KBS-3 type can be constructed at Forsmark in Oesthammar in Sweden. The location of the Forsmark has been selected based on results of several surveys from surface conditions at depth in Forsmark and in Laxemar in Oskarshamn. The choice of location is not justified in SR-Site Report, but in other attachments to SKB's permit applications. SR-Site Report is an important part of SKB's permit applications to construct and operate a repository for spent nuclear fuel at Forsmark in Oesthammar. The purpose of the report in the applications is to show that a repository at Forsmark is safe after closure

  15. Problems concerning food production, supply and use caused by radioactive deposition: A study directed towards needs for early decision making after radioactive fallout; Radiakproblem inom livsmedelssektorn: En studie inriktad paa behoven foer beslutsfattande i tidigt skede efter radioaktivt nedfall

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergman, R.

    1995-12-01

    The primary aim of this study is to analyze and describe how a radioactive deposition after nuclear weapons employment outside Sweden would affect the domestic food production in a short time perspective and in the sequence of events from primary production over processing and transport to food consumption. The study is an attempt at a comprehensive treatment of knowledge needed as a basis for decisions on operative issues, often of a time-urgent nature. Actions to alleviate the problems pertinent to the food supply in the event of radioactive fallout are also discussed, although without any claim of exhaustive coverage. Other aspects, as the economical consequences of the disturbances due to the fallout situation (or of possible counteractions) are not dealt with, however. With certain restrictions mentioned in the text the results are also applicable in connection with radioactive deposition caused by accidental release from a nuclear power plant. 60 refs, 32 figs.

  16. The effects of first-year shoot cut back on willow biomass production during the first and second cutting cycle; Effekter av skottnedklippning efter etableringsaaret paa produktionen under foersta och andra omdrevet i salixodlingar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verwijst, Theo; Nordh, Nils-Erik

    2010-05-15

    During the early phase of commercialisation of willow short rotation forestry in Sweden it was considered to be important to cut down the shoots after the establishment year, and this practice still is maintained today. Several reasons then were put forward for cutting down. The primary goal was to stimulate sprouting of more shoots, thereby obtaining a rapidly closing stand which could compete with weeds. Another reason was that it would enable weed control during the second year. In some of the older clones, which exhibited bow-shaped shoots, cutting down was supposed to lead to more straight growing shoots which rendered less biomass loss at harvest. In the meantime, the practice of cutting down has been abandoned in Denmark, and there are reasons to scrutinise the effects of cutting down on available biomass production figures from Swedish field trials. The main goal with this project was to try to quantify the effects of cutting down on the biomass productivity of willow during the first and later cutting cycles. Thus far, efforts in this research topic have not led to a scientifically documented quantification on the effects, and therefore a scientific basis for hands-on recommendations to willow growers is lacking. The purpose of our work consequently was to generate practical recommendations with regard to the management measure of cutting down, and the audience targeted consisted of willow growers (farmers, land-owners and entrepreneurs) who are deciding about and perform the actual management of willow stands to obtain higher yields. This information also is of large relevance for all extension workers in willow growing. Data have been collected from a field trial which was planted in Flosta, Enkoeping, in 2005. As this was the only experiment on cutting down which ran during the project period, we searched the archives which contained material from another experiment which ran from 1992 to 1996 in Ultuna, Uppsala, and from which some date were collected as late as in 2000. Furthermore, the archives contained data from an experiment at the Brunnby experimental farm in Vaesteraas, which ran from 1991 to 1994. Very few papers on cutting down as a management measure were found in peer-reviewed articles, while foreign manuals for willow growers usually referred to the recommendations as described in the Swedish manuals. Results from the three field trials in Sweden, which were established with the aim to quantify the effects of cutting down of willow shoots after one year on subsequent biomass production, show that no positive effects of cutting down on yield have occurred at all. In contrary, the results altogether show that cutting down has an adverse effect on subsequent biomass production in willow during the first cutting cycle, and that cutting down also may cause a lower productivity during later cutting cycles. We conclude that cutting down, apart from being a costly management measure, leads to production losses in willow cultivation. We recommend that cutting down should not be used as a routine measure after the establishment season. This recommendation contradicts the current recommendation which currently is advocated in Sweden. By means of extension work, current practice should be changed to obtain higher biomass yields and better profit in willow short rotation forests

  17. Ash addition after whole-tree harvesting on fertile sites in southern Sweden Establishment of two field trials; Askaaterfoering efter skogsbraensleuttag paa boerdig skogsmark i soedra Sverige Anlaeggning av tvaa faeltfoersoek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sikstroem, Ulf; Hoegbom, Lars; Jacobson, Staffan; Lundstroem, Hagos; Ring, Eva

    2012-02-15

    In Sweden, the Swedish Forest Agency recommend ash recycling after whole-tree harvest (WTH), i.e. the whole tree above the stump is harvested. If this recommendation is complied, ash recycling will become a quite extensive forestry practice. To gain more knowledge regarding effects of ash on tree growth, storage of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) in the upper soil, and soil-water chemistry, two field experiments were established. The experimental design was a randomized block design. Both experiments were installed on quite fertile sites in southern Sweden. On fertile sites (C/N less than 30), ash addition is hypothesized to increase tree growth, reduce the storage of C and N in the upper soil, and increase the concentrations of nitrate in soil water. One experiment (291 Guvarp) was established on a recently harvested clear cut. The sample plots were soil scarified by disc trenching and planted with Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) seedlings. Seedling height was measured at planting, and, two months later, seedling survival and height growth in 2011 was recorded. The other experiment (290 Bala) was located to a Norway spruce stand that was thinned by WTH. The initial registration and sampling comprised stand data and sampling of the upper soil (FH-layer). In addition, suction cups were installed at 50 cm depth for sampling of soil water. The experiments were designed for long-term monitoring, comprising several decades. For most of the variables registered, data did not show any significant differences among means for the plots representing different treatments. Pre-treatment data for individual plots showed acceptable comparability among plots within the blocks, which is a good starting point for detecting future changes caused by the treatments

  18. Growth effects after whole-tree harvest in final cut of Scots pine and Norway spruce forest. Final report; Tillvaexteffekternas storlek och uthaallighet efter skogsbraensleuttag i slutavverkning av tall och gran. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valinger, E. [Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Umeaa (Sweden). Dept. of Silviculture

    2001-12-01

    A great concern in forestry today is whether whole-tree harvesting influence site productivity and whether it is consistent with the principle of sustainable use of forest resources. To evaluate this a randomised field experiment established 24 years ago in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in Southern Sweden was used. The field experiment was established in fall 1975 as a naturally regenerated mixed forest with Scots pine and Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) with a growing stock of 305 m{sup 3}/ha was clear-cut near Kosta (56 deg 52' N, 15 deg 50' E, 240 m.a.s.l.). The site was a mesic dwarf-shrub type of medium fertility, with an average precipitation of 600 mm yr-1 and the soil was an orthic podzol. Treatments were conventional stem harvest (CH), whole-tree harvest (WTH), and branch and stem harvest (BSH). Scots pine seedlings of local provenance were planted in spring 1977 at the beginning of the second growing season following the harvest. The seedlings were planted in exposed mineral soil in manually scarified patches (40 x 40 cm) at 1.7 m spacing (144 seedlings per assessment plot, i.e. 3 600 seedlings/ha). Based on calliper data, the diameter for the mean basal area per tree (db) was calculated for each plot after 24 years using the formula: db = ({sigma} b{sup 3}/{sigma} b{sup 2}), where b is basal area at breast height for each tree. Three undamaged sample trees with a diameter equal or close to the diameter of the mean basal area per tree were selected on each plot giving 36 stems that were felled for destructive measurements in 2000. Total tree height ({+-} 0.01 m) was measured on every tree felled. Stem biomass was estimated by sampling of stem discs, 2 cm thick, at stump height (1 % of tree height), breast height (1.3 m), and at every meter along the bole. Crown biomass was estimated by sampling live and dead branches on the felled trees. From every whorl of branches one living branch was sampled and all branches were counted. Stem discs and branch material were weighed in the field to the nearest 0.1 g using a mechanical field scale. At the laboratory, the annual ring widths were measured along a transect using the WinDENDRO software. The arithmetic mean of the two corresponding annual ring widths was used in the further calculations to obtain diameters under bark for the successive years 1977-2000. After drying all sampled material was weighed to the nearest 0.1 g. When weighted, total dry weight of crown fractions and wood was calculated according to Albrektson, where the relation between dry and fresh weight of sample from each fraction was multiplied with total fresh weight of fraction. Treatment effects on survival and basal area growth on bark/ha after 24 years were analysed by using Tukey's studentized test on all main effect means. Multiple pair wise comparisons between treatments on single trees to establish the effects of treatment on the depending variables: dry weight of wood, needles, shoot axes and dead branches and in radial, height, and basal area and volume under bark increments were also made using Tukey's studentized test on all main effect means. Seedling survival was unaffected by treatments. Total basal area on bark (m{sup 2}/ha) was significantly reduced following WTH from the 15th year after planting. Trees on CH produced 20% more wood biomass, while biomass produced within the crown was unaffected by treatment. Height growth for trees after CH was higher the last year evaluated, while basal area and volume under bark were larger since the 12th year in comparison with WTH. BSH showed a decreased basal area growth under bark during the two four-year-periods 13-20 years after planting, and a decreased volume growth under bark since year 9 in comparison with CH. Radial growth was increased for CH up to 3 m of the stems during the 9-12 year period and at 3 m during the 13-16 year period. The study indicated a negative effect on stem growth following WTH and BSH during the 24-years period. There was a clear indication of positive influence of slash left after clear-cutting, i.e. tops, branches, and needles, on future biomass growth. The positive response in volume growth can be between 20% during a whole rotation period and a gain of just 3 years growth. When whole-tree harvesting techniques are used, some kind of replacement of removed nutrients, e.g. fertilisation, must take place to maintain site productivity on sites like the presented.

  19. Presentation of safety after closure of the repository for spent nuclear fuel. Main report of the project SR-Site. Part II; Redovisning av saekerhet efter foerslutning av slutfoervaret foer anvaent kaernbraensle. Huvudrapport fraan projekt SR-Site. Del II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of the safety assessment SR-Site is to investigate whether a safe repository for spent nuclear fuel by KBS-3 type can be constructed at Forsmark in Oesthammar in Sweden. The location of the Forsmark has been selected based on results of several surveys from surface conditions at depth in Forsmark and in Laxemar in Oskarshamn. The choice of location is not justified in SR-Site Report, but in other attachments to SKB's permit applications. SR-Site Report is an important part of SKB's permit applications to construct and operate a repository for spent nuclear fuel at Forsmark in Oesthammar. The purpose of the report in the applications is to show that a repository at Forsmark is safe after closure

  20. Post-construction evaluation of bird abundances and distributions in the Horns Rev 2 offshore wind farm area, 2011 and 2012

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ib Krag; Nielsen, Rasmus Due; Mackenzie, Monique L.

    2014-01-01

    Optællinger af fugle fra fly efter linjetransekt-metoden blev anvendt til at beskrive fuglenes antal og udbredelse i undersøgelsesområdet. Ti optællinger før Horns Rev 2 mølleparkens opførelse blev sammenlignet med ti optællinger foretaget efter parkens etablering. Rumlig modellering blev anvendt...

  1. Kampen om historiens vingesus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Carsten

    2009-01-01

    Til efteråret er der dømt historiekanon i folkeskolen, når 29 historiske milepæle - fra Ertebøllekultur til 11. september - skal indgå i historiefaget. Kommer eleverne til at huske disse highlights, eller ryger de i glemmebogen efter eksamen? Historiker Bernard Eric Jensen mener, at eleverne vil ...

  2. Evolution in Lego. A physical simulation of adaptation by natural selection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jakob; Kanneworff, Morten

    2009-01-01

    En simulering af mekanismen bag naturlig udvælgelse ved at bruge legorger, organismer bygget af 6 legoklodser, og med en genetisk kode, der bestemmer hvordan klodserne er placeret og dermed formen på dyret. Legorgerne tildeles fitness efter, hvor langt de kan bevæge sig. Efter fem generationers s...

  3. Durability of roof underlays exposed to natural climate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stang, Birgitte Friis Dela; Brandt, Erik; Hjorslev Hansen, Morten

    Paperet beskriver resultaterne af exponeringsforsøg på en udendørs prøvestand samt efter den relevante EN standard. Resultaterne viser at undertagsmaterialerne er følsomme for exponering til uv-lys, og at resultater opnået ved exponering efter den europæiske standard ikke harmonerer med de...

  4. Ikke en forfaldsfortælling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøss, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: Adel : Den danske adel efter 1849. Redigeret af Lars Bisgaard og Mogens Kragsig Jensen. Illustreret. 592 sider. Gads Forlag.......Anmeldelse af: Adel : Den danske adel efter 1849. Redigeret af Lars Bisgaard og Mogens Kragsig Jensen. Illustreret. 592 sider. Gads Forlag....

  5. Nyfigen robot

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Olaf Pepke

    2013-01-01

    Marsudforskning. Det rullende laboratorium Curiosity har nu kørt rundt på Mars i et halvt år. Hidtil har der ikke været de store overraskelser, og det er helt efter planen. Men nu har den kurs mod det 5.500 meter høje bjerg Aeolis Mons for at bore efter sedimenter....

  6. Hvad er normen for isoleucin til grise?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jan Værum

    2011-01-01

    Efter introduktionen af aminosyren L-valin er isoleucin kommet i fokus, når der optimeres foder til svin. Men der er usikkerhed omkring normen for isoleucin.......Efter introduktionen af aminosyren L-valin er isoleucin kommet i fokus, når der optimeres foder til svin. Men der er usikkerhed omkring normen for isoleucin....

  7. Mikrobiologisk diagnostik ved sygdomme i mundhulen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fiehn, Nils-Erik

    2012-01-01

    Status for diagnostik af bakterier og gærsvampe ved mundhulesygdommene caries, marginal parodontitis, følgesygdomme efter disse samt infektioner i den orale mucosa......Status for diagnostik af bakterier og gærsvampe ved mundhulesygdommene caries, marginal parodontitis, følgesygdomme efter disse samt infektioner i den orale mucosa...

  8. High-degree atrioventricular block complicating acute myocardial infarction - Incidence, prediction and prognosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gang, Uffe Jacob Ortved

    2010-01-01

    prognostiske konsekvenser af HAVB har dog ikke ændret sig. Bemærkelsesværdigt var det at mortalitetsraten udlignedes mellem patienter med og uden HAVB 30 dage efter AMI. En række patient karakteristika var forbundet med en øget risiko for udvikling af HAVB i den akutte fase efter AMI. Disse karakteristika var...

  9. Listed Companies - between Company Law and Financial Market Law in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Nis Jul

    2010-01-01

    Efter en analyse af udviklingen i en række landes selskabs- og børsretlige reformen analyseres det, hvorledes skillelinjen mellem selskabsretlig og børsretlig regulering er i dansk ret efter reformen af selskabsloven i 2009/2010...

  10. On the estimation of short- and long-run elasticities in U.S. petroleum consumption : comment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Jan Børsen; Engsted, Tom

    1996-01-01

    Artiklen, der er formet som en kommentar til en tidligere artikel af Clifton Jones i Southern Economic Journal, anvender kointegrationsmetoder til analyse af efterspørgslen efter petroleum i USA.......Artiklen, der er formet som en kommentar til en tidligere artikel af Clifton Jones i Southern Economic Journal, anvender kointegrationsmetoder til analyse af efterspørgslen efter petroleum i USA....

  11. Fremtidens ruiner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ladegaard, Jakob

    rumforskning og det såkaldte ”space race” mod USA. Efter Sovjetunionens sammenbrud har forfattere som Victor Pelevin, filmskabere som Ulrich Seidl og fotografer som Hrair Sarkissian behandlet sporene efter den kollektive drøm om verdensrummet som knudepunkter for en kritisk erindringsproces, hvor historie og...

  12. Positiv effekt af omstridt pointsystem på dansk forskningsproduktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingwersen, Peter; Larsen, Birger

    2014-01-01

    Et meget omdiskuteret pointsystem, der fordeler basismidler til forskning efter universiteternes produktivitet, har en mærkbar positiv effekt på dansk forskningsproduktion.......Et meget omdiskuteret pointsystem, der fordeler basismidler til forskning efter universiteternes produktivitet, har en mærkbar positiv effekt på dansk forskningsproduktion....

  13. Starskuddet til det postfaktuelle demokrati: "Alternative kendsgerninger"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent Fella

    2017-01-01

    Et nyt begreb har set dagens lys efter Donald Trumps tiltrædelse som USA’s 45. præsident – ”alternative kendsgerninger”.......Et nyt begreb har set dagens lys efter Donald Trumps tiltrædelse som USA’s 45. præsident – ”alternative kendsgerninger”....

  14. Clusters in an age of increasing internationalisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illeris, Sven

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen studerer tekstil- og beklædningsklyngen i Herning, som opstod i 1930erne og voksede efter 2. verdenskrig. Da den blev udsat for konkurrence fra lavtlønslandene i Central- og Østeuropa og Østasien efter 1990, overlevede den næsten uden arbejdsløshed. På denne baggrund diskuteres spørgsmål...

  15. Levende branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Majken

    2013-01-01

    Mottoet »Boston Strong« efter bombeangrebet ved Boston Marathon viser, at ingen branding er stærkere end det, der vokser ud af det levede liv.......Mottoet »Boston Strong« efter bombeangrebet ved Boston Marathon viser, at ingen branding er stærkere end det, der vokser ud af det levede liv....

  16. Arthur Schopenhauers betydning for Johannes Jørgensens omvendelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nord, Johan Christian

    2013-01-01

    Artikel om Johannes Jørgensens interesse for Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden lige op til og efter Jørgensens konversion til katolicismen......Artikel om Johannes Jørgensens interesse for Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden lige op til og efter Jørgensens konversion til katolicismen...

  17. Profeten og novembersjælen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nord, Johan Christian

    2016-01-01

    En artikel om Johannes Jørgensens læsning af Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden frem mod og efter hans konversion til katolicismen.......En artikel om Johannes Jørgensens læsning af Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden frem mod og efter hans konversion til katolicismen....

  18. Den Sorte Engel belaster fortsat miljøet ved Maarmorilik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voigt, Steen

    2008-01-01

    Næsten 20 år efter, at minedriften efter bly og zink ved Maarmorilik i Uummannaq kommune i det nordvestlige Grønland blev indstillet, belastes de omkringliggende fjorde og landområder fortsat med de to metaller. Det fremgår af den seneste rapport fra Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) ved Aarhus U...

  19. Snittet: Mindre fremgang til VKO i november

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    2009-01-01

    VKO er efter novembers meningsmålinger tre mandater foran sin røde udfordrer, skriver Altinget.dks valgforsker Søren Risbjerg Thomsen.......VKO er efter novembers meningsmålinger tre mandater foran sin røde udfordrer, skriver Altinget.dks valgforsker Søren Risbjerg Thomsen....

  20. 10-12 YAŞ GRUBU YÜZÜCÜLERİN AKUT YÜZME EGZERSİZLERİNİN KAN VE PLAZMADA LİPİD PEROKSİDASYONU VE ANTİOKSİDAN SİSTEM ÜZERİNE ETKİSİ

    OpenAIRE

    KOPARAN, Senay; KUTER, Füsun ÖZTÜRK

    2009-01-01

    Bu araştırmada egzersizin oksidatif hasarı azaltmadaki etkisi ve antioksidan sistemde meydan gelen değişiklikleri incelemek amaçlanmıştır. Kısa mesafe yüzmede(100m) yüzücülerin anaerobik metabolizmasında meydan gelen değişiklikleri de incelemektir. Çalışmaya 10-12 yaşları arasında (n = 19)yüzücü katılmıştır. Yüzücülerin kan alınımı yarıştan 20 dakika önce ve yarışı tamamlandıktan sonra yapılmıştır. Alınan kan örneklerinden Catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GP...

  1. Betablocker nur noch in der Sekundärprävention der KHK? Ein Kontra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stoschitzky K

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Betablocker haben ihren unumstrittenen Stellenwert in der Therapie der KHK. Jahrelang waren sie auch "Mittel der ersten Wahl" bei der Therapie der arteriellen Hypertonie, diesen Platz haben sie jedoch in der letzten Dekade vor allem wegen ihrer metabolischen Nebenwirkungen zunehmend verloren. Mit den neuen "Betablockern der dritten Generation" (Carvedilol, Nebivolol stehen jetzt jedoch Substanzen zur Verfügung, die bei hervorragender blutdrucksenkender Wirkung so gut wie keine metabolischen Nebenwirkungen mehr zeigen. Weiters konnte auch gezeigt werden, dass Betablocker vor allem bei Patienten mit Herzinsuffizienz, Tachyarrhythmien, Vorhofflimmern, Aortendissektion, Glaukom, Gravidität, Migräne, Hyperthyreose und essentiellem Tremor günstige Effekte zusätzlich zu ihrer blutdrucksenkenden Wirkung entfalten. Vor allem Betablocker der dritten Generation sollten daher heute vor allem bei Hypertonikern mit einer dieser zusätzlichen Erkrankungen und nicht nur als "Sekundärprävention der KHK" bevorzugt zum Einsatz kommen.

  2. Termisk forgasning af biomasse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Indlæggene i referatet er gengivet efter båndoptagelser. Der er dog foretaget nogle enklte omskrivninger af hensyn til læseligheden. Foredragsholdernes overheads er endvidere blevet lagt ind i referatet....

  3. Bæredygtighed i et arkitektonisk helhedssyn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sattrup, Peter Andreas

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion af Dietmar Eberles arkitekturteori: Arkitektur bør tænkes og formes efter et hierarki, der afspejler elementernes relative permanens: Stedet, Strukturen, Klimaskærmen, Programmet og Overfladerne....

  4. Nykælvere mangler protein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalbach, Kristine Foged; Larsen, Mogens; Kristensen, Niels Bastian

    2010-01-01

    Ny forskning fra DJF viser, at køer er i væsentligt proteinunderskud lige efter kælvning. Dette kan have negative konsekvenser for koens evne til fx at vedligeholde immunforsvaret. Udgivelsesdato: Juni...

  5. The SUP Proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jesper Lau

    2015-01-01

    Baseret på en konference om Kommissionens forslag til et ny direktiv om enkeltmandsejede private selskaber (SUP) beskriver artiklen reglerne om registrering og kapital for et SUP efter det opr. forslag....

  6. Media in Post-Communist Mongolia – challenges and opportunities in the democratization process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Poul Erik

    2009-01-01

    En analyse af mediernes indflydelse på demokratiseringsprocessen i Mongoliet efter kommunismens afvikling. Analysen fokuserer på de problemer der er knyttet til introduktionen af et nyt liberalistisk mediesystem. Udgivelsesdato: November 2009...

  7. Keynes-inspireret makroøkonomisk teori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Jesper

    Keynesian økonomisk teori er ikke et entydigt begreb. Efter udgivelsen af Keynes' hovedværk the General Theory i 1936 har makroøkonomiske teoretikere været travlt optaget af at fortolke indholdet. I dag næsten 70 år efter udgivelsen er der to stærkt afvigende forskningsprogrammer: 1. ny-keynesian......Keynesian økonomisk teori er ikke et entydigt begreb. Efter udgivelsen af Keynes' hovedværk the General Theory i 1936 har makroøkonomiske teoretikere været travlt optaget af at fortolke indholdet. I dag næsten 70 år efter udgivelsen er der to stærkt afvigende forskningsprogrammer: 1. ny...

  8. Fem veje til trivsel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebbe Lavendt

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Den britiske tænketank NEF (New Economics Foundation har efter en gennemgang af den mest opdaterede forskning udarbejdet anbefalinger til fem aktiviteter, du kan inkorporere i din hverdag, og som er vigtige for trivsel.

  9. Drawing Disaster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borggreen, Gunhild

    2015-01-01

    En analyse af den japanske manga Santetsu i relation til vidnesbyrdbeskrivelse og erindring under genopbygning efter det store jordskælv i det østlige Japan i 2011, herunder diskussion af tegning i relation til fotografi...

  10. Medicoteknik 3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, John Aasted; Sørensen, John Kryger; Munck-Fairwood, Roger

    2010-01-01

    Introducerer til grundlæggende analysemodeller indenfor medicoteknik samt deres anvendelse på hyppigt benyttede fysiologiske signaler. Kursussessioner samt projektarbejde. Semester: Efterår 2010 Omfang: 5 ects Klasse str: 11...

  11. Aktif kömür tedavisine bağlı akciğer aspirasyonu

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Akut zehirlenmelerde koruyucu hava yolu reflekslerinin kaybı nedeniyle akciğer aspirasyonu görülebilir. Aspire edilen aktif kömür havayolu obstrüksiyonu nedeniyle solunum sıkıntısı yaratabilir. Biz de akut zehirlenme nedeniyle acil serviste nazogastrik yolu ile aktif kömür verilen, nakil esnasında nazogastrik sondası çıkan ve aktif kömür aspirasyonuna bağlı 'aspirasyon pnömonisi - kimyasal pnömonit' gelişen olgumuzu sunacağız. Anahtar kelimeler: Akut zehirlenme; aktif kömür, aspirasyo...

  12. Dyrkning af GMO-afgrøder er ikke problemfrit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Streibig, Jens Carl

    2012-01-01

    Middtvesten i USA oplever efter 16 år med GMO-afgrøder stigende problemer med resistent ukrudt - en udvikling der måske også kan ramme danske landmænd med de nye pesticidafgifter......Middtvesten i USA oplever efter 16 år med GMO-afgrøder stigende problemer med resistent ukrudt - en udvikling der måske også kan ramme danske landmænd med de nye pesticidafgifter...

  13. Offentlig administration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Elof Nellemann; Rehr, Preben René

    En undervisningsbog der henvender sig til administrationsbacheloruddannelsen. Kapitlerne er inddelt efter modulerne på uddannelsen og indeholder derfor elementer af administration, forvaltning, økonomistyring, innovation, samfundsvidenskabelige metoder og politisk styrede organisationer.......En undervisningsbog der henvender sig til administrationsbacheloruddannelsen. Kapitlerne er inddelt efter modulerne på uddannelsen og indeholder derfor elementer af administration, forvaltning, økonomistyring, innovation, samfundsvidenskabelige metoder og politisk styrede organisationer....

  14. Bridges i a Sublime Landscape

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mellemgaard, Signe

    2008-01-01

    Arbejdspapiret eftersøger broers rolle i landskabelige haver omkring år 1800. Broer var et af de mange elementer, haven helst skulle rumme, og de havde en funktion som sublime steder i haven.......Arbejdspapiret eftersøger broers rolle i landskabelige haver omkring år 1800. Broer var et af de mange elementer, haven helst skulle rumme, og de havde en funktion som sublime steder i haven....

  15. The effect of medicines management at the emergency department on medication appropriateness and hospitalization – a randomized trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Trine Graabæk

    farmaceutiske indsat vurderes ved at måle hensigtsmæssigheden af lægemiddelbehandlingen før og efter indlæggelse ud fra en standardiseret og valideret score kaldet Medication Appropriateness Index. Desuden måles antallet af lægemiddelrelaterede genindlæggelser i 6 måneder efter udskrivelse. Forløb...

  16. Potentiel d'adaptation des lombricidés aux pollutions environnementales résiduelles établies en paysage agricole : mécanismes en jeu et coûts à l'écosystème

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    I dette arbejde blev der forsket i om langsigtet residualforurening af landbrugsjord fører til pesticidadaptation hos regnorme. Forskningen sigtede også efter at identificere adaptations-omkostningerne fra individ- til populationsniveau, og konsekvenserne for økosystemet. Pesticiders residualforurening blev vurderet og sammenlignet i; tre konventionelt styrede marker (klassificeret efter evaluering af pesticid-anvendelser som ”højt-”, ”medium-”, og ”lav-input”), en mark styret ud fra økologis...

  17. Drawing Disaster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borggreen, Gunhild

    2015-01-01

    En analyse af den japanske manga Santetsu i relation til vidnesbyrdbeskrivelse og erindring under genopbygning efter det store jordskælv i det østlige Japan i 2011, herunder diskussion af tegning i relation til fotografi......En analyse af den japanske manga Santetsu i relation til vidnesbyrdbeskrivelse og erindring under genopbygning efter det store jordskælv i det østlige Japan i 2011, herunder diskussion af tegning i relation til fotografi...

  18. EU-Domstolens prøvelse af nationale sambeskatningsregler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik; Hansen, Jan Guldmand; Vinther, Nikolaj

    2010-01-01

    Der har efter EU-Domstolens dom i sagen C-446/03, Marks & Spencer plc., været tvivl om, hvordan nationale sambeskatningsregler skal bedømmes efter fællesskabsretten. Det gøres i artiklen gældende, at den fællesskabsretlige vurdering af national skatteret afhænger af, om der i national ret er givet...

  19. Den Danske Begrebsordbog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nimb, Sanni; Trap-Jensen, Lars; Lorentzen, Henrik;

    Den Danske Begrebsordbog er en ordbog, der er ordnet systematisk efter begreb, dvs. at ordene er grupperet efter deres betydning og ikke alfabetisk.Ordbogen indeholder næsten 200.000 ord og udtryk, og den dækker alt mellem himmel og jord såsom tid og rum, følelser og tænkning, samfund og...

  20. The significance of comorbid physical conditions on the excess mortality of persons with severe mental illness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribe, Anette Riisgaard

    2016-01-01

    alvorlige psykiske lidelser – skizofreni og bipolar affektiv lidelse − markant øger risikoen for tidlig død, hvis man samtidig lider af diabetes. De psykiske lidelser øger også risikoen for at dø inden for 10 år efter en brystkræftdiagnose, og de øger risikoen for at dø inden for 30 dage efter en hospitals...

  1. Kodein og amning – en farmakogenetik case

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard Christensen, Mette Marie

    2010-01-01

    I 2007 blev en normal udviklet nordamerikansk dreng født planmæssigt efter en ukompliceret graviditet. Syv dage efter fødslen fik drengen problemer med at die og blev fundet sløv. Da problemet persisterede, og hudfarven hos drengen var påfaldende, blev han på 11. dagen tilset af en pædiater. Denn...

  2. Nordisk Fjer-sagen er fortsat aktuel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langsted, Lars Bo

    2004-01-01

    I sidste uge satte Højesteret definitivt punktum efter 14 år. Men sagens setup er klassisk for økonomisk kriminalitet, og derfor er den god at tage ved lære af.......I sidste uge satte Højesteret definitivt punktum efter 14 år. Men sagens setup er klassisk for økonomisk kriminalitet, og derfor er den god at tage ved lære af....

  3. "Orange Juice" - amerikansk agent og dansk patriot?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Peer Henrik

    2009-01-01

    Umiddelbart efter anden verdenskrig indledte den amerikanske efterretningstjeneste Office of Strategic Service (OSS) samarbejde med en række danske politikere og modstands- og efterretningsfolk. En af dem var Svend Truelsen, en af modstandskampens store helte......Umiddelbart efter anden verdenskrig indledte den amerikanske efterretningstjeneste Office of Strategic Service (OSS) samarbejde med en række danske politikere og modstands- og efterretningsfolk. En af dem var Svend Truelsen, en af modstandskampens store helte...

  4. Acute pain treatment on postoperative and medical non-surgical wards [Akutschmerztherapie auf operativen und konservativen Stationen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korczak, Dieter

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] The effectiveness of acute pain treatment in hospitals is examined. An efficient therapy of acute pain is efficient and cost-effective. Although every patient is entitled for the relief of pain, many hospitals do not treat acute pain in an optimal manner.[german] Es wird die Effektivität der Akutschmerztherapie in Krankenhäusern untersucht. Eine effiziente Behandlung akuter Schmerzen ist wirksam und spart Kosten. Obwohl jeder Patient Anspruch auf Linderung seiner Schmerzen hat, behandeln viele Krankenhäuser akute Schmerzen noch nicht optimal.

  5. Exercise Training in Stable Heart Transplant recipients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dall, Christian Have

    Afhandlingen består af to forsøg, et randomiseret crossover forsøg der undersøger effekten af træning på hjertetransplanterede, samt et klinisk forsøg der undersøger akut blodtryksstigning ved styrketræning hos hjertetransplanterede, hjertesvigtspatienter, og patienter med iskæmisk hjertesygdom. ...

  6. Cerebral blood flow autoregulation in patients with acute bacterial meningitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Kirsten

    2001-01-01

    Ph.d. afhandlingen omhandler sammenhængen mellem hjernens blodtilførsel (CBF) og middelarterietrykket (MAP) hos patienter med akut bakteriel meningitis. Hos raske er CBF uafhængig af MAP, hvilket kaldes CBF autoregulation. Svækket autoregulation antages at øge risikoen for cerebral hypoperfusion ...

  7. Eritema Multiform Di Rongga Mulut

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Aminah

    2008-01-01

    Eritema multiform adalah suatu penyakit akut yang terdapat pada kulit dan membran mukosa, yang dapat menyebabkan beberapa jenis lesi kulit. Penyebab eritema multiform belum diketahui dengan pasti, banyak para peneliti menganggap bahwa etiologi dari penyakit eritema multiform ini disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor penunjang seperti reaksi alergi dari obatobatan, alergi dari makanan, reaksi terhadap mikro .orqanisme, efek radioterapi, penyakit sistemik, infeksi dan neoplasia. Gambaran klin...

  8. Tingkat Pengetahuan Pasien Diabetes Melitus tentang Komplikasi Diabetes Melitus di RSUP Haji Adam Malik Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Siboro, Junita I.L.

    2010-01-01

    Diabetes melitus merupakan suatu penyakit tidak menular yang ditandai dengan peningkatan kadar gula darah yang disertai ketidaknormalan metabolisme karbohidrat. Diabetes melitus merupakan penyebab kematian keempat terbesar di dunia. Diabetes melitus juga menyebabkan komplikais akut dan kronik yang juga dapat menyebabkan kematian. Peningkatan komplikasi dipengaruhi oleh Pengetahuan, umur, obesitas dan kebiasaan hidup yang kurang sehat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi tingkat p...

  9. Abses Periodontal

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Abses periodontal adalah suatu inflamasi purulen yang terlokalisir pada jaringan periodonsium. Abses periodontal ini dapat diklasifikasikan berdasarkan lokasi abses (abses gingiva, abses periodontal dan abses perikoronal), berdasarkan jalannya lesi (abses periodontal akut dan abses periodontal kronis) dan berdasarkan jumlah abses (abses periodontal tunggal dan abses periodontal kronis). Abses periodontal merupakan kasus darurat penyakit periodontal ketiga yang paling sering ...

  10. Behandling af patienter med Guillan Barré syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oliel, Vibeke S.

    2011-01-01

    Resumè Guillain Barrés syndrom er en autoimmum sygdom karakteriseret ved motorisk, sensorisk og autonom dysfunktion. I Danmark rammes omkring 80 personer i alle aldre årligt af sygdommen. Akut inflammatorisk polyradikoloneuropati rammer de perifere nervers nerveskeder og medfører progredierende...

  11. Akutte dødsfald ved tvangsfastholdelse af svært hyperaktive personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Thomsen, Jørgen Lange

    2012-01-01

    må henføres til et syndrom som betegnes excited delirium syndrome (EDS), en akut indsættende tilstand karakteriseret ved en hyperaktiv og voldelig adfærd, næsten overmenneskelig styrke og immunitet for smerte. Obduktion viser ikke forandringer som kan forklare dødsfaldet. Årsagen til EDS er ukendt...

  12. Greenhouse gases during storage and after application of digested and non-digested dairy cattle slurry including ammonia emissions and barley yield; Vaexthusgaser fraan roetad och oroetad noetflytgoedsel vid lagring och efter spridning, samt bestaemning av ammoniakavgaang och skoerd i vaarkorn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodhe, Lena; Ascue, Johnny; Tersmeden, Marianne; Willen, Agnes; Nordberg, Aake; Salomon, Eva; Sundberg, Martin

    2013-07-01

    Given that the manure-based biogas production is likely to increase in the coming years , it's important to find a proper handling of digested manure that have low emissions of both climate gases methane (CH{sub 4}) and nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O ) as ammonia (NH{sub 3}) , which indirectly contributes to emissions of N{sub 2}O. The project have; Quantified GHG emissions, from undigested and digested manure during storage in winter and summer, and during land application in autumn and spring. Examined the effect on GHG emissions of covering digested manure during storage in winter and summer, and quantified NH{sub 3} emissions, yield and apparent nitrogen (N) recovery in spring barley.

  13. Leaching and retention of nutrients and trace elements in peat nineteen years after wood ash application and afforestation of a terminated peat cutover area; Utlakning och retention av naeringsaemnen och spaaraemnen i torv nitton aar efter vedasktillfoersel och beskogning paa en avslutad torvtaekt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nilsson, Torbjoern; Lundin, Lars (Dept. of Forest Soils, Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7001, SE-750 07 Uppsala (Sweden))

    2008-04-15

    Ash application on peatlands for improved biomass production attracts great interest. On drained peatlands in forestry use, application of wood ash would increase the forest production. Before such activities starts on a large-scale, the existing knowledge in this field should be compiled, with the aim to illustrate positive and negative effects of such a measure and to suggest recommendations for wood ash application to drained and afforested peatlands. The aim of this project was to investigate how much of different nutrients and trace elements that was still left in the peat, 19 years after application of 23 tonnes of wood fly ash, 0.6 tonnes of raw phosphate and 0.25 tonnes of superphosphate per hectare to 14 hectares of a terminated peat cutover area. This area was located on a mire, Flakmossen, in west-central Sweden. As it was nearly 40 years since peat harvesting had terminated on this mire, the area was drained before the application of wood ash and phosphorus fertilizer. A tractor-driven cultivator mixed the applied fertilizers with the upper 30-40 cm of the remaining peat and afterwards different tree species were planted in the cultivated peat. Peat sampling, down to 80 cm depth, was carried out before soil treatment, one year after, three years after and 19 years after the soil treatment. Analyses of these peat samples showed that: - After the soil treatments an initial increase of pH in the upper peat layers (0-40 cm depth) was observed, but 19 years after the soil treatments pH had decreased to levels that were lower than before the treatments. This decrease in pH was probably due to an oxidation of sulphur compounds in the peat, which was a result of the drainage. This acidification of the peat could not be buffered by the large dose of applied wood ash. However, it should be observed that the main part of the peat in this field study consists of reed peat, that has a considerable higher sulphur content than other peat types. - Nineteen years after the soil treatment more than 70 % of Mg, 60 % of K, almost 50 % of Mn and more than 20 % of applied Ca had leached out from the peat. The applied amount of P seemed to be retained in peat, humus layer and biomass. A large proportion of P was probably confined to Fe- and Al-oxides in the peat. - Of the applied amounts of trace elements, approximately 50 % of Cd, 25 % of Ba and less than 10 % of Zn had leached out from the peat. For other trace elements it was difficult to make estimations due to the few analyses of these elements before the soil treatments. However, applied Pb has probably not been leached out from the peat. This investigation shows that before application of ashes to afforested peatlands, with the intention to increase the forest production, it is important to analyse both the peat and ashes to optimize the choices of ash, ash treatment (including possible enrichment of the ash with for example K or P), and ash dose. To receive a sustainable high production of stemwood on such peatlands it probably requires that the ash dose in most cases has to be higher than 3 tonnes per hectare (a dose suggested by the Swedish National Board of Forestry)

  14. Efficient heating plant - demonstration plant. Evaluation of a 52 m/sup 2/ solar heating system used in 1 year period to heat water in a senior nursing home at Karlslunde. Solvarmeanlaeg med stort udbytte - demonstrations anlaeg. En vurdering efter et aars maalinger paa et 52 m/sup 2/ solvarmeanlaeg til opvarmning af brugsvand ved et plejehjem i Karlslunde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lange, M.

    1985-01-01

    This report deals with operational analysis, results of measurements and calculations for a solar heating plant for domestic hot water supply at an old peoples home. The solar heating plant was erected in august 1983. From november 1983 to november 1984 a comprehensive measuring programme has been caried out. The plant includes a 52 m/sup 2/ solar collector and a storage tank containing 2,500 l. At the old peoples home is 109 occupants. Domestic hot water demand is 132,000 kWh/year. A number of calculations has been carried out by use of the f-chart programme. The results from the calculations are fairly concordant with the measurements. In the winter month the f-chart programme underestimate the output from the plan. By using a correcting factor at the monthly solar fraction, the difference between the calculated and measured yearly output is reduced to less than 1%.

  15. Post-Myocardial Infarction Anxiety or Depressive Symptoms and Risk of New Cardiovascular Events or Death

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Karen Kjær; Christensen, Bo; Nielsen, Tine Jepsen

    2014-01-01

    Angst eller depression efter en blodprop i hjertet (myokardieinfarkt eller blot MI) er tidligere kædet sammen med en øget risiko for nye sygdomstilfælde eller endda dødsfald. Tidligere studier har dog kun i ringe grad taget forbehold for andre mulige årsagsfaktorer. Derfor er det stadig uvist, om...... angstsymptomer i sig selv udgør en risiko. Dette studie ser nærmere på, om der er en sammenhæng mellem angstsymptomer efter MI og nye tilfælde af hjerte-kar-sygdom, herunder øget risiko for at dø. Resultaterne viser, at symptomer på angst efter MI ikke udgør en selvstændig risikofaktor for hverken nye tilfælde...

  16. En militær krise truer i Østersøen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clemmesen, Michael Hesselholt

    2016-01-01

    Det er vanskeligt at se, hvorledes Rusland efter begivenhederne i april kan undlade at reagere skarpt på den snarlige amerikansk-ledede flåde- og flyøvelse, BALTOPS 2016, 3.-18. juni i Østersøen med omkring 35 skibe og 70 fly.......Det er vanskeligt at se, hvorledes Rusland efter begivenhederne i april kan undlade at reagere skarpt på den snarlige amerikansk-ledede flåde- og flyøvelse, BALTOPS 2016, 3.-18. juni i Østersøen med omkring 35 skibe og 70 fly....

  17. P. A. Heiberg i original på Syddansk Universitetsbibliotek

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Jakob Povl

    2016-01-01

    I efteråret 2015 dukkede der på Syddansk Universitetsbibliotek et spændende manuskript op af forfatteren og filologen, Peter Andreas Heiberg (1758-1841) i form af en renskrift af det 21 strofer lange digt Laterna Magica (1794).......I efteråret 2015 dukkede der på Syddansk Universitetsbibliotek et spændende manuskript op af forfatteren og filologen, Peter Andreas Heiberg (1758-1841) i form af en renskrift af det 21 strofer lange digt Laterna Magica (1794)....

  18. USA sender Able og Baker en tur i rummet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen

    2014-01-01

    DETTE ER DEN TREDJE ARTIKEL I SERIEN OM DYRENES ROLLE I RUMFORSKNINGEN. VI SKAL MØDE DE TO PRIMATER ABLE OG BAKER, SOM NASA SUCCESFULDT SENDTE EN TUR I RUMMET I MAJ 1959 – HALVANDET ÅR EFTER, AT SOVJETUNIONEN HAVDE SENDT HUNDEN LAIKA DERUD.......DETTE ER DEN TREDJE ARTIKEL I SERIEN OM DYRENES ROLLE I RUMFORSKNINGEN. VI SKAL MØDE DE TO PRIMATER ABLE OG BAKER, SOM NASA SUCCESFULDT SENDTE EN TUR I RUMMET I MAJ 1959 – HALVANDET ÅR EFTER, AT SOVJETUNIONEN HAVDE SENDT HUNDEN LAIKA DERUD....

  19. TV-mediet lever - også hos de unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørner, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    TV-mediet er ikke under afvikling, men snarere under udvikling med digtitalt tv og nye medieplatforme som mobiltelefonen og nettet. TV og opfattelsen heraf er dog ikke bundet til en bestemt skærm, en medieforbrugeren udvælger medieplatformen efter en bestemt kommunikationssituation, hvor forskell......TV-mediet er ikke under afvikling, men snarere under udvikling med digtitalt tv og nye medieplatforme som mobiltelefonen og nettet. TV og opfattelsen heraf er dog ikke bundet til en bestemt skærm, en medieforbrugeren udvælger medieplatformen efter en bestemt kommunikationssituation, hvor...

  20. Et ganske konkret sted

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiesner, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Kort beskrivelse af projektet til Liechtensteins nye forum og parlament i Vaduz; Indvieged i februar 2008, tegnet af arkitekt Hansjörg Göritz efter masterplan af Luigi Snozzi. Tekst: Thomas Wiesner. Fotos: Jürg Zürcher, Erik Kjær download af tidskrift: http://server02.dotminded.com/dotminded/data......Kort beskrivelse af projektet til Liechtensteins nye forum og parlament i Vaduz; Indvieged i februar 2008, tegnet af arkitekt Hansjörg Göritz efter masterplan af Luigi Snozzi. Tekst: Thomas Wiesner. Fotos: Jürg Zürcher, Erik Kjær download af tidskrift: http://server02.dotminded...

  1. Farvestofsensibiliserede solceller og farvestofstabilitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Torben

    2012-01-01

    Efter 20 års intensiv forskning og udvikling er kommercialiseringen af Grätzel-cellen ved at tage fart. Halvtransparante flerfarvede glasfacader, der samtidig kan levere strøm er et lovende anvendelseområde. På RUC har vi undersøgt solcellefarvestoffers stabilitet.......Efter 20 års intensiv forskning og udvikling er kommercialiseringen af Grätzel-cellen ved at tage fart. Halvtransparante flerfarvede glasfacader, der samtidig kan levere strøm er et lovende anvendelseområde. På RUC har vi undersøgt solcellefarvestoffers stabilitet....

  2. 4 hovedproblemer med STU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2012-01-01

    Kommentaren oplister fire hovedproblemer ved den Særligt Tilrettelagte Ungdomsuddannelse, nemlig (1) beskrivelsen af målgruppen, (2) de unges forsørgelsesgrundlag, (3) hvad der følger efter én afsluttet STU, og (4) "lovjunglen" - manglende samspil mellem mange lovgivninger.......Kommentaren oplister fire hovedproblemer ved den Særligt Tilrettelagte Ungdomsuddannelse, nemlig (1) beskrivelsen af målgruppen, (2) de unges forsørgelsesgrundlag, (3) hvad der følger efter én afsluttet STU, og (4) "lovjunglen" - manglende samspil mellem mange lovgivninger....

  3. The Imitation Game: Alan Turings enigmatiske imitationsspil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Martin Mose

    2015-01-01

    Alan Turing revolutionerede computervidenskaben og modtog først verdens anerkendelse længe efter sin død. Nu sætter filmen 'The Imitation Game', der har premiere i Danmark 29. januar 2015, fokus på det oversete geni.......Alan Turing revolutionerede computervidenskaben og modtog først verdens anerkendelse længe efter sin død. Nu sætter filmen 'The Imitation Game', der har premiere i Danmark 29. januar 2015, fokus på det oversete geni....

  4. Dansen om nøgenheden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tem Frank

    2015-01-01

    "50 ÅR EFTER har vi naturligvis rykket os noget på det punkt, hvad de kønspolitiske debatter viser. Er man hyppig bruger af Instagram, bliver det hurtigt klart, at vores kultur, i dette årtusinde, stadig har mange bøfler."......"50 ÅR EFTER har vi naturligvis rykket os noget på det punkt, hvad de kønspolitiske debatter viser. Er man hyppig bruger af Instagram, bliver det hurtigt klart, at vores kultur, i dette årtusinde, stadig har mange bøfler."...

  5. Brasiliens Arbejderparti giver op

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Mads

    2016-01-01

    Efter 13 år måtte Brasiliens præsident Dilma Rousseff i maj 2016 udlevere nøglerne til præsidentpaladset til ventrum-højrepartiet PMDB (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro)......Efter 13 år måtte Brasiliens præsident Dilma Rousseff i maj 2016 udlevere nøglerne til præsidentpaladset til ventrum-højrepartiet PMDB (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro)...

  6. Spytkirtlernes normale struktur og funktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Jensen, Siri Beier; Pedersen, Anne Marie Lynge

    2011-01-01

    Spytkirtlernes normale struktur og funktion Makroskopisk inddeles spytkirtlerne efter deres størrelse, hvor glandulae (gll.) parotideae, gll. submandibulares og gll. sublinguales er de store parrede spytkirtler, mens de små spytkirtler er lokaliserede submukøst i kinder, læber og ganen. Mikroskop......Spytkirtlernes normale struktur og funktion Makroskopisk inddeles spytkirtlerne efter deres størrelse, hvor glandulae (gll.) parotideae, gll. submandibulares og gll. sublinguales er de store parrede spytkirtler, mens de små spytkirtler er lokaliserede submukøst i kinder, læber og ganen...

  7. Trepartsforhandlinger i Danmark og Europa følges ikke ad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mailand, Mikkel

    2016-01-01

    Trepartsforhandlinger med flere emner på dagsordenen flore-rede særligt i 1990’erne og tidligt i 00’erne rundt omkring i Europa, hvor de var fraværende i Danmark. Efter den øko-nomiske krise synes billedet at være vendt.......Trepartsforhandlinger med flere emner på dagsordenen flore-rede særligt i 1990’erne og tidligt i 00’erne rundt omkring i Europa, hvor de var fraværende i Danmark. Efter den øko-nomiske krise synes billedet at være vendt....

  8. Arbetsgivares inställning till nyexaminerade personalvetare.

    OpenAIRE

    Köpman, Victoria

    2013-01-01

    En diskrepans mellan högre utbildning och arbetsmarknadens krav tycks existera. Detta avser framförallt den kompetens högre utbildning medför gentemot arbetsmarknadens efterfrågan, vilket påverkar såväl organisationer, studenter som samhället i stort. Anställningsbarheten efter avslutade studier har därmed blivit en framträdande fråga. Denna studie inriktar sig specifikt mot personalvetare och deras möjligheter på arbetsmarknaden efter avslutad utbildning. Intentionen var att skapa en djupare...

  9. Med på en lytter hos krigsfangerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Steen

    2013-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: Sönke Neitzel og Harald Welzer: Soldater – Om krig, drab og død. Oversat fra tysk af Peter Dürrfeld efter 'Soldaten, Protokolle vom Kämpfen, Töten und Sterben'. Kristeligt Dagblads Forlag, 506 sider.......Anmeldelse af: Sönke Neitzel og Harald Welzer: Soldater – Om krig, drab og død. Oversat fra tysk af Peter Dürrfeld efter 'Soldaten, Protokolle vom Kämpfen, Töten und Sterben'. Kristeligt Dagblads Forlag, 506 sider....

  10. Hvordan opnår vi langvarig stabilitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Veicherts, Nicolas Teodors

    2007-01-01

    Samtænkning. Kan Danmark bidrage til hurtigere, bedre og mere varige løsninger, hvis det er muligt at udsende embedsmænd, beskyttet af soldater, i stedet for at soldaterne – som i dag – efter bedste evne må agere civile embedsmænd......Samtænkning. Kan Danmark bidrage til hurtigere, bedre og mere varige løsninger, hvis det er muligt at udsende embedsmænd, beskyttet af soldater, i stedet for at soldaterne – som i dag – efter bedste evne må agere civile embedsmænd...

  11. Fiktionen, der var ude af sig selv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    2007-01-01

    På baggrund af en analyse af Lars Frosts roman Smukke biler efter krigen (2004) reflekterer jeg over fiktionen som på én gang selvberoende og selvnedbrydende størrelse, og der henvises til Adornos æstetik som en mulig teoretisk ramme for begribelsen af dette tilsyneladende paradoks.......På baggrund af en analyse af Lars Frosts roman Smukke biler efter krigen (2004) reflekterer jeg over fiktionen som på én gang selvberoende og selvnedbrydende størrelse, og der henvises til Adornos æstetik som en mulig teoretisk ramme for begribelsen af dette tilsyneladende paradoks....

  12. OL er en mirakelkur for verdens storbyer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Katrine; Møller Christensen, Søren

    2006-01-01

    Der er kamp om at blive værtsby for de olympiske lege. Legene giver værtsbyen global opmærksomhed, kickstarter byudviklingen og giver efter al sandsynlighed økonomisk overskud. Men ikke alle byer slipper lige godt fra opgaven......Der er kamp om at blive værtsby for de olympiske lege. Legene giver værtsbyen global opmærksomhed, kickstarter byudviklingen og giver efter al sandsynlighed økonomisk overskud. Men ikke alle byer slipper lige godt fra opgaven...

  13. NATO 1949-2009: Fra regional forsvarsorganisation til global militær aktør

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villaume, Poul

    2009-01-01

    Baggrunden for Atlantpagtens oprettelse, NATOs formative periode i 1950erne, 'out-of-area'-operationer i Den Tredje Verden, atomstrategier, afspændingsperioden, den kolde krigs afslutning, samt NATOs transformation og udvidelse efter 1991 tematiseres i en oversigtlig analyse.......Baggrunden for Atlantpagtens oprettelse, NATOs formative periode i 1950erne, 'out-of-area'-operationer i Den Tredje Verden, atomstrategier, afspændingsperioden, den kolde krigs afslutning, samt NATOs transformation og udvidelse efter 1991 tematiseres i en oversigtlig analyse....

  14. Den niende april 1940 - i dansk og norsk variant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bryld, Claus

    2015-01-01

    Ville modstand efter norsk model have været æren værd? Vi fik ufrihedens brød at smage i fem år, men den store befolkning led ikke nød, og demokratiet slap helskindet igennem.......Ville modstand efter norsk model have været æren værd? Vi fik ufrihedens brød at smage i fem år, men den store befolkning led ikke nød, og demokratiet slap helskindet igennem....

  15. Norovirus Outbreak Investigation in Surmene District of Trabzon Province July 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamze Can

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Bu calismada, Temmuz 2010’da Trabzon Ilinin Surmene Ilcesinde meydana gelen norovirus salgininda yapilan incelemeleri sunmak amaclanmistir. Akut gastroenterit vakalari ilk olarak 09 Temmuz tarihinde ortaya cikmaya baslamis ve ilk gun 271 olan vaka sayisi ikinci gun 880’e ulasmistir. Ilk gunden itibaren alinan onlemlerle hizla dusen vaka sayisi norovirusun kisiden kisiye bulas ozelligi nedeniyle, 10. gun itibariyle az sayida vaka ile devam etmis ve 28 Temmuz itibariyle beklenen seviyeye inmistir. Salgin suresince 2483 akut gastroenterit vaka basvurusu olmustur. Salgina neden olarak; Daha once uygun duzeylerde seyreden klor duzeyinin tank bosalmasi sonucu bir sure sistemde dusuk duzeyde kalmasi ve ayni donemde bir aydir kullanimda olmayan bir kuyu pompasinin tamirinin bitirilip sistemden yeterince su akitilmadan devreye sokulmasi surecinin superpoze olmasi ile sistemin ana depoda kirlenmesi olarak tespit edilmistir. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(5.000: 501-510

  16. Acute cough | EU Clinical Trials Register [EU Clinical Trials Register

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ion E.1.1Medical condition(s) being investigated Acute cough Akuter Husten E.1.1.1Medical condition in easily understood language Acu...igation E.1.2Version 17.1 E.1.2Level LLT E.1.2Classification code 10066522 E.1.2Term Acute cough E.1.2System...igible for inclusion in this trial must fulfill all of the following criteria:1. Acute cough with symptoms l...based on medical history and physical examination7. CS score of at least 50 mm on a 100 mm VAS at V1 8. Acute...te cough Akuter Husten E.1.1.2Therapeutic area Diseases [C] - Respiratory Tract Dis

  17. Towards a Neuroaffective Approach to Healing Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brorson Fich, Lars

    2013-01-01

    dog nævnes, at stress testen kun inducerer akut stress, der har en anderledes effekt på immunsystemet end langvarig stress, og desuden blev kun unge mænd med godt helbred testet, på grund af alders- og kønsforskelle i stress reaktions mønster. Således demonstrer forsøget, at arkitektur kan gøre en...

  18. Identifikation kognitiver Subgruppen bei der bipolaren Störung und Evaluation eines kognitiven Remediationsprogramms

    OpenAIRE

    Volkert, Julia

    2015-01-01

    Die bipolare Störung ist eine psychische Erkrankung, die sich durch wiederkehrende depressive und (hypo-) manische Phasen auszeichnet. Neben Stimmungsschwankungen leiden viele Patienten unter kognitiven Beeinträchtigungen, die nicht nur während akuter Episoden, sondern auch in der Remission, d.h. in euthymer Stimmungslage persistieren. Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigte sich mit den klinischen Korrelaten von kognitiven Defiziten und der Effektivität eines kognitiven Trainings bei bipolaren P...

  19. Nursing intervention for geriatric patients dischargedhome from ED

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosted, Elizabeth Emilie

    2009-01-01

    Baggrund Svækkede ældre mennesker der indenfor kort tid har været indlagt på hospitalet er i risiko for faldende funktionsevne, genindlæggelse og flytning til plejehjem. Risikoen øges når de udskrives direkte fra akut modtage afdeling (AMA). Tidspresset her kræver ofte at der udelukkende er fokus...

  20. Lindrende sygepleje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Kirsten Halskov

    2005-01-01

    At udføre sygepleje med fokus på det lindrende aspekt er en væsentlig del af sygeplejens virksomhedsfelt. Lindrende sygepleje anses for at være en aktivitet, der indeholder en lang række centrale elementer af pleje- og omsorgshandlinger, der udøves til patienter uanset sygdommens og symptomerne a......, og uafhængig af om patienterne lider af akut, kronisk eller uhelbredelig sygdom....