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Sample records for akut glaukom efter

  1. Akut glaukom efter endarterektomi af arteria carotis interna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, J S; Klaerke, A

    2000-01-01

    A 71 year-old woman had 85% and 60% stenoses of the right and left internal carotid arteries, respectively. Right-sided endarterectomy was performed because of amaurosis fugax. Two days postoperatively, she developed classical symptoms and signs of acute glaucoma. Right-sided acute angle closure...... glaucoma was diagnosed by tonometry and gonioscopy, and treated with laser-iridectomy. The patient was discharged two days later without neurological or ophthalmological deficits. Manifest acute glaucoma postoperatively seems never to have been reported. However, the choroid is not autoregulated, and the...

  2. Efter Georg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg Brandes (1842-1927) står i dansk åndshistorie som et stridens tegn, og vurderingerne af ham er stærkt modsatrettede. Han er blevet opfattet i overensstemmelse med egen selvforståelse, som oprører og befrier fra nationalkulturens snærende bånd, og han er blevet anset for at være roden til...... virkningshistorie, som omhandler det levede livs glidende overgange, udviklinger og tilegnelser, hvor konkrete kulturpersonligheders forsøg på tilkæmpelse af et åndeligt ståsted har bragt dem i forbindelse med fænomenet Georg Brandes og – for nogles vedkommende – sidenhen i direkte opgør med ham. Denne bogs sigte...... er af grundlæggende kulturhistorisk art, og de 12 bidrag angår både den direkte frontkrig og de personlige forviklinger. For dem alle gælder det, at de er forsøg på virkningshistoriske livtag med tænkeren og agitatoren Georg Brandes og den idéstrømning, der bærer hans familienavn. Efter Georg...

  3. Cryotherapy of the primary glaucoma; Kryotheraphie des primaeren Glaukoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anders, M. [Medizinische Akademie, Dresden (Germany). Abt. Augenheilkunde und Kryomedizin

    1994-12-31

    Cryotherapy is an effective and conservative method of treatment for the primary glaucoma. The principal procedure of this one-time treatment consists in the application of 8-12 punctiform transconjunctional cold nuclei on a circle approximately 2 mm away from the cornea by means of a cryoapplicator (diameter approx. 2 mm) cooled down to approx. -140 C. If all parameters involved in this treatment are accurately observed, the cryotherapy leads to compensation of the pathognomonic increased intraocular pressure in 90% of cases. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Kryotherapie stellt beim primaeren Glaukom ein effektives und schonendes Behandlungsverfahren dar. Dieses besteht im Prinzip darin, dass mit einem auf ca. -140 C abgekuehlten Kryoapplikator (Durchmesser ca. 2 mm) einmalig 8 - 12 punktfoermige transkonjunktivale Kaelteherde zirkulaer 2 mm von der Hornhaut entfernt gesetzt werden. Die so durchgefuehrte Kryotherapie fuehrt bei exakter Einhaltung aller vorgegebenen Therapieparameter in 90% der Faelle zur Kompensation des bei dieser Krankheit erhoehten intraokularen Druckes. (orig.)

  4. Cryotherapy of the primary glaucoma; Kryotherapie des primaeren Glaukoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anders, M. [Abt. Augenheilkunde und Kryomedizin, Medizinische Akademie Dresden (Germany)

    1994-12-31

    Cryotherapy is an effective and conservative method of treatment for the primary glaucoma. The principal procedure of this one-time treatment consists in the application of 8-12 punctiform transconjunctival cold nuclei on circle approximately 2mm away from the cornea by means of a cryoapplicator (diameter approx. 2mm) cooled down to approx. -140 C. If all parameters involved in this treatment are accurately observed, the cryotherapy leads to compensation of the pathognomonic increased intraocular pressure in 90% of cases. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Kryotherapie stellt beim primaeren Glaukom ein effektives und schonendes Behandlungsverfahren dar. Dieses besteht im Prinzip darin, dass mit einem auf ca. -140 C abgekuehlten Kryoapplikator (Durchmesser ca. 2 mm) einmalig 8-12 punktfoermige, transkonjunktivale Kaelteherde zirkulaer 2 mm von der Hornhaut entfernt gesetzt werden. Die so durchgefuehrte Kryotherapie fuehrt bei exakter Einhaltung aller borgegebenen Therapieparameter in 90% der Faelle zur Kompensation des bei dieser Krankeit erhoehten intraokularen Druckes. (orig.)

  5. Manglende betydning af elektrokardiografisk Q-tak efter akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdulla, Jawdat; Abildstrøm, Steen Z; Køber, Lars;

    2002-01-01

    A Q wave has high specificity in identifying acute myocardial infarction and is associated with infarcts of a larger size. A considerable number of studies have addressed the prognostic value of the presence of a Q wave in the electrocardiogram before and after the introduction of thrombolytic th...

  6. Abses Alveolar Akut Pada Anak

    OpenAIRE

    Delfitri, Meri

    2008-01-01

    Abses alveolar akut adalah suatu kumpulan nanah yang terlokalisasi dalam tulang alveolar sekitar apeks gigi setelah kematian pulpa yang merupakan kelanjutan proses infeksi yang mulai di pulpa dan berkembang ke jaringan periapikal. Perluasan infeksi dari pulpa non vital dapat melalui foramen apikal menuju jaringan periapikal yang mengakibatkan inflamasi akut, bila disertai dengan meningkatnya virulensi bakteri streptokokus alfa, disertai staffilokokus dan sejumlah anaerob lainnya serta r...

  7. Regnvandsbassiner virker efter hensigten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Thomas Ruby

    2009-01-01

    Forskere fra Aalborg Universitet har efter en længere periode undersøgt effekten af de regnvandsbassiner, Vejdirektoratet anlægger langs motorvejene, og nogle af undersøgelserne har fundet sted ved Årslev. Undersøgelserne viser, at størstedelen af de forurenende stoffer fra vejen bliver i bassine...

  8. Pulskurvenanalyse in der Arteria ophthalmica als Funktion von Alter, Geschlecht, kardio-vaskulärer Risikofaktoren, Glaukom, Verdacht auf Glaukom und okulärer Hypertension

    OpenAIRE

    Fiermann, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Die Analyse der Pulskurvenform liefert direkte Informationen über die Gefäßbeschaffenheit an der Arteria ophthalmica und deren distalem Stromgebiet. Alter, Geschlecht, arterielle Hypertonie, Diabetes mellitus, Glaukome und Nikotinkonsum verändern die Pulskurvenform im Sinne einer „Voralterung“. Der SK und der SI könnten als Maß für die Bestimmung des biologischen Gefäßalters bei Männern und Frauen verwendet werden. Neben den bekannten Risiko-Scoren erweitert die SK- und SI-Berechnung die vask...

  9. Images of Akutô

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxenbøll, Morten

    2005-01-01

    One of the primary objects of this paper has been to show how a so-called akutô was created, not on a local level by merchants or itinerant monks committing robbery and murder or by warriors or powerful peasants opposing a distant proprietor by violent means, but by the proprietor itself as part of...

  10. Akut pankreatitis hos en 16-årig dreng efter indtag af ibuprofen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruusgaard-Mouritsen, Mads Emil; Leerhøy, Bonna; Hansen, Mark Berner

    2015-01-01

    This is a case report of a 16-year-old boy with possible drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) caused by ibuprofen. The patient had a history of psychiatric, but no somatic, disease, and he was admitted with a clinical presentation consistent with acute pancreatitis after a bolus ingestion of 10 g of...... ibuprofen in a suicidal attempt. No evidence of other causality for acute pancreatitis was identified. The patient was treated with a standard pancreatitis treatment regime and was discharged against medical advice after four days. The case represents a possible causality between ibuprofen and DIP....

  11. Anstrengelsesinduceret ST-segmentdepression efter akut myokardieinfarkt. Forekomst og prognostisk betydning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Pless, P; May, O;

    1989-01-01

    On the basis of a review of 20 investigations (3,587 patients), the prevalence of significant ST-segment-depression (ST-depr) in patients performing an exercise test 9-30 days after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was found to be 33% (3-70%). The reason for the considerable variation is due to a...... events while ECG changes as an isolated variable did not prove to be of prognostic significance in the remainder. In general, it may be stated that a maximal exercise test with several ECG leads is more sensitive while ST-depr at a submaximal work capacity appears to be more specific for subsequent...

  12. Akut leversvigt udløst af hedeslag efter motionsløb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borregaard, Line; Lyngsoe, Bente Kjær; Fenger-Eriksen, Christian; Grønbæk, Henning; Brandsborg, Birgitte

    2014-01-01

    We describe two cases of acute liver failure following heat stroke after participation in a running event. At admission both pa-tients had a severely affected circulation, altered consciousness and hyperthermia, with a core temperature of > 40 degrees Celsius. Within the first 24 hours both...

  13. Behandlung akuter Schmerzen in der Neurologie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franz G

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Akute Schmerzen sind das Hauptsymptom vieler neurologischer Erkrankungen und eines der wichtigsten Symptome in der Notfallmedizin. In der Akutmedizin ist der Neurologe vor allem mit Kopf- und Rückenschmerzen sowie mit Schmerzen durch Läsionen schmerzleitender Strukturen konfrontiert. Eine ausreichende Schmerztherapie ist ebenso wichtig wie die Abklärung der Schmerzursache. In diesem Artikel werden die spezifischen Akutbehandlungsregime der wichtigsten primären Kopfschmerzen sowie Empfehlungen einer allgemeinen analgetischen Notfallbehandlung beschrieben.

  14. Nepal efter jordskælvet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hirslund, Dan Vesalainen; Webster, Neil

    2015-01-01

    Efter jordskælvet i Nepal er der behov for nødhjællp, humanitær bistand, genopbygning og udvikling. Og der er behov for at vi fastholder vores fokus på at hjælpe Nepal videre, også når nyhedens interesse har lagt sig.......Efter jordskælvet i Nepal er der behov for nødhjællp, humanitær bistand, genopbygning og udvikling. Og der er behov for at vi fastholder vores fokus på at hjælpe Nepal videre, også når nyhedens interesse har lagt sig....

  15. Akut nyresvigt og hæmolytisk anæmi efter infektiøs mononukleose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brkovic, Natasa; Jørgensen, Kit; Rosenbæk, Jeppe Bakkestrøm; Pedersen, Erling Bjerregaard

    2015-01-01

    A 19-year-old man was admitted to hospital due to fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain and faint. He was pale and icteric, awake with sufficient respiration and circulation. He had infectious mononucleosis complicated with acute oliguric renal failure and severe haemolytic anaemia with a positive Coombs...

  16. Stålkonstruktioner efter DS/EN 1993

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonnerup, Bent; Jensen, Bjarne Christian; Plum, Carsten Munk

    eksempler kan bruges som inspiration i det daglige arbejde. Bogen giver en grundig indføring i beregning af stålkonstruktioner efter DS/EN 1993, inkl. de danske annekser. Desuden er der flere steder anført almindeligt accepterede tilnærmede beregningsmetoder, som forfatterne har vurderet nyttige for de...

  17. Träning efter graviditet : En systematisk litterturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Backman, Elin

    2014-01-01

    Detta examensarbete är en systematisk litteraturstudie som grundar sig på 17 olika forskningsartiklar. Syftet med arbetet var att med hjälp av forskningar och annan litteratur kunna ge säkra riktlinjer till nyblivna mammor när och hur de ska träna efter en graviditet. Vilken sorts träning som är bra för att minska risken för olika komplikationer genom att beakta de förändringar som sker i kroppen under en graviditet. Arbetet besvarar tre frågeställningar 1. Hur snabbt efter förlossningen kan ...

  18. Det strategiske miljøforskningsprogram efter 1996: Ledelses- og produktionsrelaterede problemstillinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulhøi, John Parm; Alting, Leo

    1995-01-01

    På baggrund af invitation giver forfatterne nogle erhvervsrelaterede indfaldsvinkler til den kommende debat om en evt. videreførelse af Det strategiske Miljøforskningsprogram efter 1996. I artiklen argumenteres for og gives bud på nogle centrale ledelses- og produktionsrelaterede problemstillinger......, der efter forfatternes opfattelse vil kunne styrke en evt. fortsættelse af programmet....

  19. Das Akute Abdomen beim Kleintier aus chirurgischer Sicht : Eine retrospektive Studie von 2000- 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Günther, Charlotte Stefanie

    2011-01-01

    Das Akute Abdomen bezeichnet einen akut bedrohlichen Zustand mit starken (progredienten) Bauchschmerzen, der wegen der Tendenz zur raschen Verschlimmerung der unverzüglichen Abklärung bedarf. Bei der Diagnosestellung ist neben dem klinischen Bild die Bildgebung von größter Bedeutung. Das Röntgen und der Ultraschall zählen hier zu den wichtigsten Verfahren. Nach Kenntnis der Autorin ist diese Studie die erste in der veterinärmedizinischen Literatur, die die Gesamtheit aller akuten Abdomen ...

  20. Brauchen wir die kardiale Magnetresonanzuntersuchung zur frühzeitigen nicht-invasiven Differenzierung zwischen akuter Virusmyokarditis und akutem Koronarsyndrom im klinischen Alltag?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafner T

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Patienten, bei denen der Verdacht auf eine akute Virusmyokarditis besteht und die eine Enzymauslenkung haben, haben nur relativ selten ein akutes Koronarsyndrom, eine routinemäßige Koronarangiographie scheint daher nicht gerechtfertigt. Ein abwartendes Procedere mit 6–8 Wochen körperlicher Schonung und anschließender Ergometrie zum Ausschluss einer koronaren Herzkrankheit scheint jedoch angesichts der erwiesenen Vorteile einer raschen invasiven Abklärung akuter Koronarsyndrome ebenfalls nicht vertretbar. Mit der vorliegenden Arbeit konnten wir zeigen, dass bei Patienten mit Verdacht auf akute Virusmyokarditis und Enzymauslenkung mit Hilfe der kardialen Magnetresonanzuntersuchung in 80 % der Fälle frühzeitig eine definitive Diagnose (Myokarditis oder akutes Koronarsyndrom vergeben wurde, während in einem vergleichbaren Patientenkollektiv vor Einführung der kardialen Magnetresonanzuntersuchung nur 14 % der Patienten frühzeitig eine definitive Diagnose (akutes Koronarsyndrom erhielten.

  1. Akute exogene Intoxikationen im Patientengut der Intensivstation der Medizinischen Universitätsklinik Würzburg : 1996 - 2000

    OpenAIRE

    Schuster, Thomas Friedrich

    2012-01-01

    Akute exogene Intoxikationen, Arten, Häufigkeiten, Therapien und Komplikationen im 5 Jahresrückblick 1996 bis 2000 und im Vergleich zu 1986 bis 1990 im Patientengut der Intensivstation der Medizinischen Universitätsklinik Würzburg.

  2. Ny Nørrebro Park syv år efter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedegaard Møller, Camilla

    2014-01-01

    Nørrebroparken er et godt eksempel på, hvordan en park efter sin åbning fortsat kan være i forandring på flere niveauer. Hvad er der sket, som har haft rumlige implikationer? Hvem og hvilke dynamikker står bag? Er det i overensstemmelse med parkens bærende idé, eller er den langsomt ved at blive...... udvandet og ændret til en helt anden slags park? Kan det være sandt, at da landskabsarkitekterne afleverede Ny Nørrebro Park til København, var det stærkeste middel til at få indflydelse på parkens fremtid parken i sig selv? Det tager de følgende artiklen fat på....

  3. UJI TOKSISITAS AKUT (LD50 DAN ANTIPIRETIK INFUS RIMPANG ZINGIBER purpureum ROXB (BENGLE PADA HEWAN PERCOBAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pudjiastuti Pudjiastuti

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Bengle (Zingiber purpureum ROXB teramasuk famili Zingiberaceae. Ini merupakan tanaman yang banyak dikenal oleh masyarakat dan biasa digunakan untuk menanggulangi penyakit, salah saru diantaranya adalah sebagai penurun panas. Untuk mengetahui keamanan khasiat penggunaannya, perlu didukung data ilmiah maka dilakukan uji toksisitas akut (LD50 dan antipiretik rimpang bengle pada hewan coba. Uji toksisitas akut menggunakan cara Weil C.S. dengan mencit sebagai hewan percobaannya. Dan, uji antipiretik menggunakan cara B.Wahjoedi yang dimodifikasi dengan tikus sebagai hewan percobaan. Hasil percobaan LD50 infus rimpang bengle adalah 31,56 (24,96 - 39,87mg/10g bb, menurut penggolongan Gleason termasuk dalam bahan Practically Non Toxic. Hasil uji antipiretik infus rimpang bengle dosis 220mg/100 g bb tidak berbeda dengan asetosal dosis 0,52mg/100g bb.

  4. Efek Anti Radang dan Toksisitas Akut Ekstrak Daun Jintan (Plectranthus amboinicus) pada Tikus yang Diinduksi Arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Lailatul Muniroh; Santi Martini; Triska Susila Nindya; Rondius Solfaine

    2013-01-01

    Abstrak Tanaman Jintan (Plectranthus amboinicus) dikenal sebagai tanaman bangun-bangun, dikenal sebagai salah satu tanaman berkhasiat obat bagi masyarakat Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis aktivitas ekstrak daun jintan dan mengetahui efek toksisitas akut pada tikus putih yang diinduksi arthritis. Ekstrak dari daun jintan segar disarikan dengan metode maserasi ethanol 96%, dan diencerkan dengan larutan CMC-Na. Tikus putih Wistar jantan dan betina, umur 2-3 bulan ...

  5. Klinische Wertigkeit und pathophysiologische Aspekte der Serumparameter Procalcitonin, Interleukin-8 und Interleukin-18 bei akuter Pankreatitis

    OpenAIRE

    Baumgart, Katja

    2002-01-01

    Der klinische Verlauf bei akuter Pankreatitis wird wesentlich durch das Auftreten von lokalen und systemischen Komplikationen beeinflusst. Insbesondere die Infektion bestehender Nekrosen und hierdurch bedingte Organkomplikationen haben großen Einfluss auf die Therapie, den Verlauf und die Letalität der Erkrankung. In dieser Studie wurden verschiedene Serumparameter auf ihre Fähigkeit hin untersucht, frühzeitig wichtige Informationen über den weiteren Verlauf der Erkrankung zu liefern. Ausg...

  6. Steroidbehandling og risiko for glaukom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Peter; Krag, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    The risk of steroid-induced elevation of intraocular pressure and glaucoma is clinical relevant and require monitoring of patients at risk. The risk depends on route of administration, potency and individual risk factors such as primary open glaucoma (POAG), first-degree relative with POAG, age (...... (children) and myopia. Steroid-induced elevation of intraocular pressure is most commonly associated with ocular application and systemic administration but may occur after periocular cutaneous application and nasal and inhalation therapy in patients with individual risk factors....

  7. Untersuchungen zum Einsatz von Antiseptika in der Behandlung akuter Wunden anhand einer evidenzbasierten Literaturanalyse, Auswertung eines Fragebogens und internationaler Symposiumdiskussion

    OpenAIRE

    Steller, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Ziel dieser Arbeit war es anhand einer evidenzbasierten Literaturanalyse, einer Umfrage sowie eines Expertentreffens herauszufinden, welche Wundspüllösung für die Behandlung von akuten Weichgewebewunden mit/ ohne Knochenbeteiligung am geeignetsten ist und ob eine starke Evidenz für Handlungsempfehlungen besteht. Des Weiteren sollte anhand der vorliegenden Arbeit untersucht werden, inwieweit ein Konsens bezüglich der Therapie akuter Wunden besteht. Die Umfrageergebnisse als auch die Expert...

  8. Hubungan Kadar Gula Darah saat Masuk Rumah Sakit dengan Jenis Sindroma Koroner Akut di RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang

    OpenAIRE

    Willy Valerian; Masrul Syafri; Zelly Dia Rofinda

    2015-01-01

    AbstrakSindrom Koroner Akut (SKA) merupakan spektrum dari penyakit arteri koroner yang tidak stabil, mulai dari angina pektoris tidak stabil sampai infark miokardium. SKA terbagi atas Unstable Angina Pectoris (UAP), ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan hubungan antara kadar gula darah saat masuk rumah sakit dan jenis SKA. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross sectional. Penelitian dil...

  9. Efek Anti Radang dan Toksisitas Akut Ekstrak Daun Jintan (Plectranthus amboinicus pada Tikus yang Diinduksi Arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lailatul Muniroh

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Tanaman Jintan (Plectranthus amboinicus dikenal sebagai tanaman bangun-bangun, dikenal sebagai salah satu tanaman berkhasiat obat bagi masyarakat Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis aktivitas ekstrak daun jintan dan mengetahui efek toksisitas akut pada tikus putih yang diinduksi arthritis. Ekstrak dari daun jintan segar disarikan dengan metode maserasi ethanol 96%, dan diencerkan dengan larutan CMC-Na. Tikus putih Wistar jantan dan betina, umur 2-3 bulan dibagi 5 kelompok: Kontrol, induksi arthritis (P1, induksi artritis dan ekstrak daun jintan dosis 19 g/kgBB (P2, induksi artritis dan ekstrak daun jintan dosis 38 g/kgBB (P3 dan kelompok obat allopurinol 2,5 mg/kgBB (P4. Seluruh kelompok tikus diinduksi arthritis menggunakan uric acid2% dan oxonic acid1,5% per oralselama 15 hari berturut-turut. Setelah terbentuk lesi arthritis, diberikan ekstrak daun jintan secara intra peritoneal selama 7 hari. Sampel serum darah diambil sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan untuk mengukur konsentrasi monosodium urea (MSU. Uji toksisitas akut menggunakan 4 kelompok tikus putih Wistar jantan dan betina yang diberi ekstrak daun jintan mulai dosis 1900 mg/kg BB, 3800 mg/kgBB dan 5000 mg/kgBB.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ekstrak daun jintan secara kualitatif mempunyai kandungan senyawa Flavonoid, Saponin, Polifenol, Terpen dan Antrakuinon. Uji aktivitas ekstrak daun jintan memperlihatkan penurunan konsentrasi MSU (p 0,05 sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan. Uji toksisitas akut ekstrak daun jintan tidak menimbulkan kematian 50% (LD50 dan tidak menimbulkan gejala toksik, gangguan syarafi dan penurunan aktivitas pada semua kelompok perlakuan sehingga ekstrak daun jintan dapat digolongkan sebagai bahan yang “praktis tidak toksik”. Abstract Anti Inflammation Effects and Acute Toxicity of Jintan Leaves (Plectranthus amboinicus Extract on Arthritis Induced Rats.Jintan plant (Plectranthus amboinicus is known as bangun-bangun plant and known as one of medicinal

  10. DNA-reparation i eutardigraden Richtersius coronifermålt med Comet assay efter anhydrobiose

    OpenAIRE

    Johnsen, Johannes Lørup

    2010-01-01

    Richtersius coronifer er blandt de mest udholdende organismer på jorden. Mange undersøgelser har vist, at den tolererer fuldstændig udtørring, meget lave temperaturer, vakuum og kraftig bestråling. Der er dog kun få undersøgelser af dyrets DNA- reparationsmekanismer. Dette forsøg skal afklare, om tiden i anhydrobiose er i korrelation med antal DNA-skader hos R. coronifer, og om tiden efter rehydrering er sammenhængende med et fald i DNA-skader, som resultat af DNA-reparation. ...

  11. Att stanna kvar i Finland efter avlagd examen: Case utländska examensstuderande

    OpenAIRE

    Teir, Madeleine

    2010-01-01

    Syftet med detta lärdomsprov är att undersöka huruvida utländska examensstuderande i Finland är intresserade av att stanna här efter avlagd examen. Vilka intentioner och möjligheter de har samt vad som påverkar beslutet. Arbetets teoretiska del behandlar lite allmänt att studera utomlands och i Finland. Därtill framkommer information om olika utbildningssystem i världen samt skillnader mellan dessa. Slutligen innehåller teoridelen information om hur det är att jobba i Finland. Undersökningen ...

  12. CT findings in acute small bowel diverticulitis; Computertomographie bei akuter Duenndarmdivertikulitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferstl, F.J.; Obert, R. [Radiologisch-Nuklearmedizinisches Zentrum (RNZ) am St. Theresienkrankenhaus Nuernberg (Germany)

    2004-02-01

    Small bowel diverticulitis is a rare cause of an acute abdomen. Originating from acquired diverticula of the jejunum, less often of the ileum, or Meckel diverticulum, the symptoms are non-specific, simulating other acute inflammatory disorders, such as appendicitis, cholecystitis or colonic diverticulitis. The diagnosis of small bowel diverticulitis is solely based on radiologic findings, with computed tomography (CT) regarded as the method of choice. In recent years, a number of case reports have described the spectrum of the CT features in acute small bowel diverticulitis and its dependence on the severity of the inflammatory process. Typical findings are an inflamed diverticulum, inflammatory mesenteric infiltration, extraluminal gas collection and mural edema of adjacent small bowel loops with resultant separation of bowel loops. An enterolith is rarely found in an inflamed diverticulum. Complications include abscesses, fistulae, small bowel obstruction and free perforation with peritonitis. Small bowel diverticulitis can be a diagnostic problem if it involves the terminal ileum or Meckel's diverticulum. For preoperative confirmation of the presumed diagnosis of small bowel diverticulitis on CT, an enteroclysis for acquired diverticula or a technetium scan for Meckel's diverticulum should be performed. We present the CT findings in three patients of acute small bowel diverticulitis, two affecting the jejunum and one a Meckel's diverticulum. (orig.) [German] Die akute Duenndarmdivertikulitis ist eine seltene Ursache eines akuten Abdomens. Ausgehend von den erworbenen Divertikeln des Jejunums, seltener des Ileums, oder von einem Meckel-Divertikel, manifestiert sich die Divertikulitis klinisch durch eine unspezifische Symptomatik, die zuerst an die haeufigeren, akutentzuendlichen Erkrankungen des Abdomens wie z. B. Appendizitis, Cholezystitis oder Kolondivertikulitis denken laesst. Die Duenndarmdivertikulitis kann praeoperativ nur durch

  13. Transfüzyonla ilgili akut akciğer hasarında yüksek doz intravenöz metilprednizolon tedavisi

    OpenAIRE

    Bolaman, Zahit; Camcı, Celalettin; Sönmez, Hulki Meltem; Öge, Ayşin; Kadıköylü, Gürhan; Şentürk, Taşkın

    2000-01-01

    Transfüzyonla ilgili akut akciğer hasarı plazma içeren kan ürünlerinin transfüzyonu sonrası görülebilmektedir. Bu yazımızda kronik idiopatik trombositopenisi olan bayan hastada taze kan transfüzyonunu takiben oluşan akut akciğer hasarında yüksek doz intravenöz metilprednizolon (YDıVMP) kullanılımını rapor etmekteyiz.

  14. Quantifizierung von minimaler Resterkrankung bei akuter myeloischer Leukämie mit NPM1 Mutation mittels Real-Time-PCR

    OpenAIRE

    Seibl, Marlene

    2011-01-01

    Exon 12 Nucleophosmin (NPM1) Mutationen stellen die häufigsten molekularen Aberrationen bei Erwachsenen mit akuter myeloischer Leukämie (AML) dar. Molekulare Detektion der Mutation Typ A (NPM1 A), welche 80% aller NPM1 Mutationen ausmacht, könnte für die Bestimmung von minimaler Resterkrankung (MRD) eingesetzt werden. Der molekulardiagnostische Nachweis minimaler Resterkrankung mittels RQ PCR ist von wesentlichem prognostischem Wert, um in Zukunft eine möglichst präzise Abschätzung des indivi...

  15. Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis - exclusion by means of turbo-STIR sequence?; Akute haematogene Osteomyelitis - Ausschluss mit Turbo-STIR-Sequenz?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wunsch, R.; Darge, K.; Rohrschneider, W.; Zieger, B.; Troeger, J. [Heidelberg Univ. (Germany). Paediatrische Radiologie

    2001-05-01

    The timely diagnosis and early initiation of antibiotic therapy determine the clinical course of an acute hematogenous osteomyelitis. Consequently, a fast and efficient MRI examination protocol is crucial. We retrospectively evaluated various MR sequences used in the examination of 8 children having osteomyelitis. The examinations were conducted using a 0.5 T MR machine. All patients had a high signal intensity of the lesion in the IR sequence with fat suppression (turbo-STIR). An acute osteomyelitis can be excluded in the absence of signal intensity increase in the turbo-STIR sequence without the necessity of having to perform additional sequences. (orig.) [German] Eine schnelle effiziente Diagnostik ist bei der Frage nach einer akuten haematogenen Osteomyelitis besonders wichtig, da der klinische Verlauf vorwiegend durch eine fruehzeitige Diagnose und einen baldmoeglichen Behandlungsbeginn bestimmt wird. Um den Stellenwert der Sequenzen einer magnetresonanztomographischen Untersuchung zu ermitteln, evaluierten wir in einer retrospektiven Studie die Bilder von 8 Kindern mit akuter juveniler Osteomyelitis, welche eine Untersuchung an einem 0,5-Tesla-Geraet erhalten hatten. Auf allen Bildern zeigte sich eine Intensitaetserhoehung in der Turbo-STIR-Sequenz, in 7 von 8 Faellen war ein Kontrastmittelenhancement in einer T1-gewichteten Sequenz mit Fettunterdrueckung nachweisbar. Die Turbo-STIR-Sequenz stellte sich als sensitivste Sequenz heraus. Ist in der Turbo-STIR-Sequenz kein hyperintenses Signal zu erkennen, kann eine akute Osteomyelitis ohne Durchfuehrung weiterer Sequenzen ausgeschlossen werden. (orig.)

  16. Efter selskabsreformen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen behandler de skatteretlige konsekvenser af den del af den store danske selskabsreform 2009/10, som fremtidigt tillader aktionær-, anpartshaver- og ledelseslån, når nogle grundlæggende betingelser er opfyldt. Nogle skatteretlige konsekvensændringer (en ny bestemmelse i ligningslovens § 16...

  17. Efter Trelleborg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik; Schaumburg-Müller, Peer

    2013-01-01

    . Artiklen trækker perspektiver til det, der nødvendigvis må blive det næste, der udløser ansvar: Ansvar for handel i markedet på baggrund af urigtige eller undladte offentliggjorte oplysninger. Konklusionerne er følgende: (1) Dommen: Højesteret har i UfR 2013.1107 H statueret, at bankTrelleborg var...... vælge aktier i stedet for kontant indfrielse. (7) Ingen egen skyld eller accept af risiko: At aktionærerne i en kortere periode havde mulighed for ved et salg af deres aktier at sikre deres investering, kunne ikke fratage dem deres erstatningskrav helt eller delvis, idet der ikke i perioden fremkom...

  18. Bilateral korpus hemorajikum kist rüptürüne bağlı Akut Batın : Olgu Sunumu

    OpenAIRE

    Şahiner, Hasan; Özkaya, Okan; Sezik, Mekin; Karahan, Nermin; Kaya, Hakan

    2009-01-01

    SüleymanDemirel Üniversitesi TIP FAKÜLTESİ DERGİSİ: 2005 Haziran; 12(2) Bilateral korpus hemorajikum kist rüptürüne bağlı Akut batın: olgu sunumu Hasan Şahiner, Okan Özkaya, Mekin Sezik, Nermin Karahan, Hakan Kaya Özet Korpus hemorajikum kisti corpus luteum veya ovaryan follikül kisti içine kanama olması sonunda oluşur. Birçok hasta asemptomatik olsa da özellikle kist rüptürü sonunda akut batın tablosu gelişebili...

  19. Deneysel diyabet oluşturulan ratlarda bazı akut faz proteinleri ve iz elementler arasındaki ilişkiler

    OpenAIRE

    Kahyaoğlu, Ayşenur

    2011-01-01

    Diyabetes mellitus, kan şeker düzeyinin yüksekliği ile karakterize, kronik ve çok tehlikeli bir hastalıktır. Tüm dünyada yaygın olarak rastlanır. Diyabetli hastalarında yavaş fakat devamlı bir tahribat söz konusudur. Akut faz cevap herhangi bir doku hasarını takiben kısa sürede ortaya çıkan nonspesifik bir reaksiyondur. İnfeksiyöz, immunolojik, neoplastik, travmatik ya da paraziter nedenlerden dolayı oluşur. Akut faz reaksiyonun en önemli özelliği, karaciğerden CRP, seruloplazmin ve haptoglob...

  20. Cerebrolysin bei Schädel-Hirn-Trauma - Eine neurotrope und neurogene Substanz in der Initialbehandlung akuter Schädel-Hirn-Verletzungen

    OpenAIRE

    König P; Waanders R; Witzmann A; Lanner G; Haffner Z; Haninec P; Gmeinbauer R; Zimmermann-Meinzingen S

    2006-01-01

    Schädel-Hirn-Verletzungen (SHV, SHT) und daraus resultierende akute wie chronische Traumafolgen werden von der WHO als eine der größten Gesundheitsschädigungen weltweit angesehen. Alle Therapeutika, die dazu beitragen, die Folgen eines SHT zu reduzieren, sind daher von besonderem theoretischem wie praktischem Interesse. Cerebrolysin ist ein standardisiert aus Schweinehirn gewonnenes Peptidgemisch, dessen Eiweißkörper aufgrund ihres niedrigen Molekulargewichtes die Bluthirnschranke zu passie...

  1. Acute chest pain: a purely clinical problem or a question for radiology; Der akute Thoraxschmerz, ein rein klinisches Problem oder radiologische Fragestellung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loewe, C. [Medizinische Universitaet Wien, Klinische Abteilung fuer Kardiovaskulaere und Interventionelle Radiologie, Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Wien (Austria)

    2008-05-15

    Acute chest pain represents a very common clinical occurrence and at the same time poses a severe diagnostic dilemma. It can be due to an acute life-threatening event such as acute cardiac infarct, or a relatively harmless condition of pain and illness (e.g. vertebrogenic pain) under the main symptom category of acute chest pain. This often unclear symptomatic, behind which there can always be a life-threatening disease leads to an exaggerated grouping of patients into emergency cases and to an increased number of inpatients for observation. The diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome with no initial ECG changes typical for ischemia is especially problematic. The availability of modern multidetector computed tomography is becoming increasingly more important for radiologists in the diagnosis and clarification of acute chest pain. In this article the clinical difficulties and radiology options for the diagnosis of patients with acute chest pain will be presented and possible future algorithms for diagnosis will be discussed. (orig.) [German] Der akute Thoraxschmerz repraesentiert ein sehr haeufiges klinisches Beschwerdebild und gleichzeitig ein grosses diagnostisches Dilemma, koennen sich doch sowohl lebensbedrohliche akute Ereignisse (wie der akute Herzinfarkt) als auch mehr oder weniger harmlose Schmerzzustaende und Erkrankungen (wie vertebrogene Schmerzen) unter dem Leitsymptom 'akuter Thoraxschmerz' praesentieren. Diese oft nicht eindeutige Symptomatik, hinter der immer auch ein lebensbedrohliches Krankheitsbild stecken kann, fuehrt zu einer Uebertriagierung der Patienten in Notaufnahmen und zu einer grossen Anzahl an stationaeren 'Absicherungsaufnahmen'. Besonders die Diagnose eines akuten Koronarsyndroms (AKS) bei initial fehlenden ischaemietypischen EKG-Veraenderungen stellt eine spezielle Problematik dar. Durch die Verfuegbarkeit moderner ultraschneller Multidetektorcomputertomographen (MDCT) spielt der Radiologe in der Diagnostik und

  2. Anafylaksi efter bi- eller hvepsestik i Region Syddanmark i perioden 2008-2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oropeza, Athamaica Ruiz; Mikkelsen, Søren; Bindslev-Jensen, Carsten;

    intramuskulær adrenalin (64 % ifølge Sampson’s skala og 76 % ifølge Muraro’s). Af de 38 patienter der blev set i Odense fik 66 % intravenøs (IV) binyrebarkhormon, 63 % IV antihistamin og 5 % IV adrenalin (blandt dem med moderat til svær anafylaksi fik op til 77 % IV binyrebarkhormon og op til 82 % IV...... antihistamin). Blandt de 55 patienter i resten af Region Syddanmark fik 80 % IV binyrebarkhormon, 78 % IV antihistamin og 7 % IV adrenalin (blandt dem med moderat til svær anafylaksi fik op til 94 % IV binyrebarkhormon og op til 90 %, IV antihistamin). Af dem der fik IV adrenalin havde 2 ud af 2 tidligere fået...... intramuskulær adrenalin i Odense-området og 1 ud af 4 i resten af Region Syddanmark. Konklusion: Over 50 % af de reporterede tilfælde af allergi efter bi- og hvepsestik kunne gradueres som moderat til svær anafylaksi. Lang de fleste fik behandling med IV binyrebarkhormon og antihistamin, men kun omkring 50 % af...

  3. Sammenhæng mellem tidspunktet for flytning efter parring og tævernes stress, yngelpleje og hvalpenes tidlige overlevelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmkvist, Jens

    2014-01-01

    Tæver bygger og vedligeholder rede mindst 1 måned inden fødsel, ved adgang til rigelige mængder af redebygningsmateriale. Tidspunkt for drægtige tævers flytning fra parringsbure påvirker ikke redens synlige omfang efter fødsel eller hvalpenes tilvækst de første 7 dage. Imidlertid har sent flyttede...... indhuses med tomt bur medio april. flytning lige efter parring er at foretrække, da der er negative effekter ved senere flytning, i særdeleshed når dette sker omkring 10. april....

  4. Hubungan Kadar Gula Darah saat Masuk Rumah Sakit dengan Jenis Sindroma Koroner Akut di RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willy Valerian

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSindrom Koroner Akut (SKA merupakan spektrum dari penyakit arteri koroner yang tidak stabil, mulai dari angina pektoris tidak stabil sampai infark miokardium. SKA terbagi atas Unstable Angina Pectoris (UAP, ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan hubungan antara kadar gula darah saat masuk rumah sakit dan jenis SKA. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross sectional. Penelitian dilakukan di Instalasi Rekam Medik RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang dengan mengambil data pasien SKA dari Januari 2012 sampai Desember 2012. Hasil penelitian ini didapatkan jenis SKA dengan gula darah yang tidak normal dari 60 sampel, yaitu: UAP 25%, NSTEMI 35%, STEMI 40%. Hasil pengolahan data dapat dilihat bahwa nilai p = 0,592 yang artinya tidak terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara kadar gula darah saat masuk rumah sakit dengan jenis SKA. Hal ini terjadi mungkin karena terlalu sedikitnya sampel dan banyak sampel kriteria ekslusi dalam pencarian data. Sebaiknya dalam penelitian yang akan datang dapat memperbanyak sampel.Kata kunci: sindrom koroner akut, kadar gula darah, hubungan kadar gula darah dengan SKA AbstractAcute Coronary Syndrome (ACS is a spectrum of coronary artery disease that is not stable, ranging from unstable angina to myocardial infarction. Acute Coronary Syndrome is divided into Unstable Angina Pectoris (UAP, ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between blood sugar levels when admitted to hospital and Acute Coronary Syndrome type by using cross sectional study. The study was conducted at the Medical Records RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang. The ACS data collected from January 2012 until December 2012. The results of this study was found the SKA with abnormal blood sugar of 60 samples, i.e. UAP25%, NSTEMI35%, 40% STEMI. On the results of data

  5. The effect of leadership charisma, engagement and group belonging on volunteer work performance: AKUT search and rescue association example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebru Caymaz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Leadership charisma, has been emphasized in terms of performance improvement by inspiring organization’s values and norms and making employees spend extra effort for oganization’s objectives especially in hospitals and voluntary organizations (Choi, 2006; Etzioni, 1975; Grojean vd., 2004; Pillai ve Meindl, 1998; Shamir vd., 1993; Sims ve Brinkmann, 2002; Yammarino vd., 1993. In previous studies emphasis was usually on the effects of leadership charisma on work performance. Studies in Turkey have not examined the relationship between work performance, leadership charisma, group belonging and engagement of volunteer employees. The aim of this study is to suggest that; for volunteer employees in normative organizations, group belonging and work engagement is more effective than leadership charisma in terms of work performance. In this respect it might be related to discussions that effective leadership which improves employees’ performance and capabilities (Yukl, 2006. This study has taken place in AKUT search and rescue association which operates totally voluntarily in 32 different regions and the findings of hierarchical regression analysis support the hypotheses put forward.

  6. Das akute Nierenversagen: Effekte des Hämoxygenaseinhibitors Zinn-Mesoporphyrin auf die Nierenfunktion beim akuten ischämischen Nierenversagen der Ratte

    OpenAIRE

    Pullig, Frieder

    2008-01-01

    Nach dem heutigen Wissenstand wird die Hämoxygenase-1 unter pathologischen Bedingunge der Niere, z.B. Ischämie, expremiert. Man nimmt an, dass die Hämoxygenase-1 eine Schutzfunktion für die Niere besitzt. Um dies zu bestätigen, führten wir eine tierexperimentelle Arbeit mit Ratten (n=101) durch in der wir durch Clamping der Nierenarterie ein reproduzierbares akutes ischämisches Nierenversagen induzierten. Bei einem Teil der Tiere wurde anschließend die Hämoxygenase durch injektion von SnMP ge...

  7. Gambaran Profil Lipid pada Pasien Infark Miokard Akut di RSUP M. Djamil Padang Periode 1 Januari 2011 - 31 Desember 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamuna Fathila

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakInfark Miokard Akut (IMA merupakan nekrosis otot jantung akibat terganggunya kebutuhan dan suplai oksigen ke jantung secara mendadak. Faktor risikonya adalah perubahan profil lipid yaitu Kolesterol total, Kolesterol LDL. Kolesterol HDL, dan trigliserida yang dikaitkan dengan pembentukan plak aterosklerosis. Manfaat penelitian ini untuk mengetahui gambaran profil lipid pada pasien IMA. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui gambaran profil lipid pada pasien IMA di RSUP M. Djamil Padang periode 1 Januari 2011-31 Desember 2012. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif dengan desain cross sectional study di bagian Rekam Medik RSUP M. Djamil Padang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan umur terbanyak pasien IMA 45-59 tahun, Jenis kelamin terbanyak pasien IMA adalah laki-laki, perbandingannya adalah 2,7 : 1, Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar kolesterol total tinggi 79 orang (38,92% dan normal 124 orang (61,08%, Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar kolesterol LDL tinggi 76 orang (37,44% dan normal 127 orang (62,56%, Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar kolesterol HDL rendah 145 orang (71,43% dan normal 58 orang (28,57%, dan Pasien IMA yang memiliki kadar trigliserida tinggi 44 orang (21,67% dan normal 159 orang (78,33%.Kata kunci: infark miokard akut, kolesterol total, kolesterol LDL, Kolesterol HDL, trigliserida AbstractAcute Myocardial Infarction (AMI is a muscle necrosis of the heart through disruption of demand and supply of oxygen to the heart suddenly. Risk factors of AMI is a change of lipid profile (Total Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, and Triglycerides associated with the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. The benefit of this research is to reveal the lipid profile in patients with AMI. The objective of this study was to determine the description of lipid profile in patients with AMI at RSUP M. Djamil Padang period January 1st, 2011-December 31th, 2012. The study was conducted with descriptive methods to the design of cross sectional

  8. Neuropathological and neuroradiological aspects of acute disseminated encephalomyelitides (ADEM); Neuropathologische und neuroradiologische Aspekte akuter disseminierter Enzephalomyelitiden (ADEM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niedermayer, I.; Feiden, W. [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar (Germany). Abt. fuer Neuropathologie; Deinzer, M. [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar (Germany). Abt. Neuroradiologie; Moringlane, J.R. [Universitaet des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar (Germany). Neurochirurgische Klinik

    2000-11-01

    Among non-neoplastic lesions of the central nervous system, demyelinating pseudotumors of the group of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) most frequently occasion neurosurgical intervention for purposes of definitive diagnosis and thus enter the domain of the surgical pathologist. Typically, ADEM presents with multifocal, bilateral lesions in an asymmetrical distribution. Especially monolocular manifestations may be diagnostically challenging. Due to the acuteness of clinical symptoms and the expansive, space-occupying character of the lesions a diffuse glioma, a metastatic disease, a primary cerebral Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, brain abscess, a parasitosis or an ischemic brain tissue necrosis may be suspected. This impression is supported by uptake of contrast-medium most pronounced at the periphery of the lesion and the subcortical location. The histomorphologic feature of relative axonal preservation in areas with acute myelin breakdown and lymphocytic infiltrates make the diagnosis of an acute primary demyelinating disease probable. A diagnosis of glioma may be prompted by the florid, cytologically atypical astrogliosis especially in intraoperative request. Based on a series of 14 cases of radiologically and bioptically documented cases of ADEM typical examples will be demonstrated and discussed. (orig.) [German] Demyelinisierende Pseudotumoren aus dem Formenkreis akuter disseminierter Enzephalomyelitiden (ADEM-Gruppe) gehoeren zu den haeufigsten nichtneoplastischen Laesionen, die zumal in der bildgebenden neuroradiologischen Diagnostik das Bild einer Neoplasie vortaeuschen koennen. Typischerweise handelt es sich bei der ADEM um multifokale, bilaterale asymmetrische Laesionen. Differenzialdiagnostisch sind v.a. seltene monolokulaere Manifestationen bedeutsam, bei denen aufgrund der akuten klinischen Symptomatik sowie des expansiven raumfordernden Chrakters der Laesionen klinisch-radiologisch nicht selten ein hirneigener glialer Tumor, eine

  9. Acute or chronic transplant rejection - high resolution CT of the chest in lung transplant recipients; Akute oder chronische Transplantat-Abstossung? - HRCT des Thorax bei Patienten nach Lungentransplantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herber, S.; Heussel, C.P.; Thelen, M.; Kauczor, H.U. [Mainz Univ. (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Radiologie; Lill, J. [3. Medizinische Klinik, Schwerpunkt Pneumologie, Johannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz (Germany); Mayer, E. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Herz-Thorax-Gefaess-Chirurgie, Johannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz (Germany)

    2001-09-01

    ] Zielsetzung: Ziel der Studie ist es, die postoperativ auftretenden Veraenderungen in der HRCT bei Patienten nach Einzel- oder Doppellungentransplantation zu erfassen und diese mit klinischen Befunden zu korrelieren. Material und Methoden: 29 Patienten nach Einzel- (SLTX, n = 14) oder Doppellungentransplantation (DLTX, n = 15) wurden ueber einen Zeitraum von ca. 6 Jahren in regelmaessigen Abstaenden mittels HRCT (n = 82) untersucht. Die Untersuchungen erfolgten in Inspiration und Exspiration (n = 70) mit einer Schichtdicke von 1 mm und einem Tischvorschub von 10 mm. Die Auswertung des Bildmaterials erfolgte durch zwei Radiologen im Konsens. Kriterien fuer eine akute Abstossung in der HRCT waren: milchglasartige Dichteanhebungen und ein fokales Air trapping. Als Zeichen einer chronischen Abstossungsreaktion wurden Bronchusdilatation, Verbreiterung der Bronchuswand sowie Verdickungen der Interlobaersepten gewertet. Die klinische Diagnostik umfasste neben laborchemischen Analysen die Spirometrie und im Einzelfall die Bronchoskopie. Ergebnisse: 20/29 Patienten lebten im Mittel seit 21 Monaten mit dem Spenderorgan. 5/9 Patienten starben aufgrund einer chronischen Abstossungsreaktion, ein Patient verstarb nach Entwicklung eines rechtsseitig hilaer lokalisierten Non-Hodgkin-Lymphoms. Pneumonien fanden sich in 13 Faellen. 10/29 Patienten zeigten eine akute Abstossungsrekation. Die HRCT in Exspiration wies in allen Faellen ein fokales Air trapping sowie in 11/14 Untersuchungen ausgedehnte milchglasartige Dichteanhebungen nach. Bronchusdilatationen bei akuter Abstossung wurden in 9/14 Faellen beobachtet. 12/29 Patienten entwickelten eine chronische Organabstossung. Die HRCT zeigte in 26/27 Faellen eine Bronchusdilatation sowie in 21/27 Untersuchungen milchglasartige Dichteanhebungen. Verdickungen der Interlobaersepten sowie zentrilobulaere Verdichtungen fanden sich in >50% der Untersuchungen. Schlussfolgerung: Die HRCT des Thorax bei Patienten mit Lungentransplantation ist in der Lage

  10. {sup 67}Ga scintigraphy in acute sarcoidosis with Heerfordt`s syndrome; {sup 67}Ga-Szintigraphie bei akuter Sarkoidose mit Heerfordt-Syndrom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schamberger, R. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Muenster Univ. (Germany); Jonas, M. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Muenster Univ. (Germany); Barenbrock, M. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Innere Medizin D, Muenster Univ. (Germany); Sciuk, J. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Muenster Univ. (Germany); Schober, O. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin, Muenster Univ. (Germany)

    1995-02-01

    Sarcoidosis is a chronic multisystem disorder of unknown etiology characterized by non-caseating epitheloid granulomas. We report a case of a 29-year old female with acute sarcoidosis and Heerfordt`s syndrome (parotid enlargement, anterior uveitis and facial nerve palsy) who had a typical clinical constellation but no histologic criteria of a granulomatous inflammatory process in transbronchial lung biopsy. {sup 67}Ga scintigraphy revealed such a typical pattern of accumulation that sarcoidosis could be diagnosed despite negative histological findings. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Sarkoidose ist eine chronische Systemerkrankung unbekannter Aetiologie, die durch nichtverkaesende epitheloidzellige Granulome gekennzeichnet ist. Wir berichten ueber eine 29jaehrige Patientin mit akuter Sarkoidose und Heerfordt-Syndrom (Parotisschwellung, Iridozyklitis und Fazialisparese), bei der zwar eine typische klinische Befundkonstellation vorlag, die transbronchiale Lungenbiopsie jedoch histologisch keinen granulomatoesen Entzuendungsprozess nachweisen konnte. Die {sup 67}Ga-Szintigraphie zeigte ein so typisches Anreicherungsmuster, dass trotz negativer Histologie die Diagnose gestellt werden konnte. (orig.)

  11. Gambaran Profil Lipid pada Pasien Sindrom Koroner Akut di Rumah Sakit Khusus Jantung Sumatera Barat Tahun 2011-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitri Zahara

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenyakit kardiovaskuler merupakan penyebab kematian nomor satu secara global. Salah satu penyakit kardiovaskuler itu adalah Sindrom Koroner Akut (SKA yang merupakan keadaan gawat darurat dari Penyakit Jantung Koroner (PJK. Salah satu faktor risiko SKA adalah perubahan dari kadar fraksi lipid yaitu kolesterol total, kolesterol LDL, kolesterol HDL, dan trigliserida yang dikaitkan dengan pembentukan plak aterosklerosis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran profil lipid pada pasien SKA di rumah sakit khusus jantung Sumatera Barat tahun 2011-2012. Telah dilakukan penelitian deskriptif dengan bentuk cross sectional study dan pendekatan retrospective menggunakan data rekam medik mengenai hasil pemeriksaan profil lipid (kolesterol total, HDL, LDL, dan trigliserida di rumah sakit khusus jantung Sumatera Barat untuk mengetahui gambaran profil lipid pada pasien SKA tahun 2011-2012. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan 98 kasus SKA. hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa pasien SKA dengan kadar kolesterol total tinggi adalah 44 orang (44,9% dan normal sebanyak 54 orang (55,1%, pasien SKA dengan kadar kolesterol HDL rendah adalah 63 orang (64,3% dan normal sebanyak 35 orang (35,6%, pasien SKA dengan kadar kolesterol LDL tinggi adalah 44 orang (44,9% dan normal sebanyak 54 orang (55,1%, dan pasien SKA dengan kadar trigliserida tinggi adalah 21 orang (21,4% dan normal sebanyak 77 orang (78,6%. Kejadian SKA terbanyak adalah STEMI sebanyak 51 kasus (52%, kemudian NSTEMI sebanyak 24 kasus (24,5% dan yang paling sedikit adalah angina pektoris tak stabil sebanyak 23 kasus (23,5% frekuensi umur terbanyak dari pasien SKA adalah 40-59 tahun, jenis kelamin terbanyak dari pasien SKA adalah laki-laki sekitar 74,5%. Penelitian menunjukkan jumlah bahwa pasien SKA yang memiliki kadar kolesterol total yang tinggi lebih sedikit daripada yang normal, kadar kolesterol HDL yang rendah lebih banyak daripada yang normal, kadar kolesterol LDL yang tinggi lebih sedikit daripada

  12. Hubungan Kadar Glukosa Darah Saat Masuk Rumah Sakit Dengan Lama Hari Rawat Pasien Sindrom Koroner Akut (SKA Di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosi Oktarina

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakHiperglikemia masih menjadi topik penelitian yang sering dihubungkan dengan kejadian sindrom koroner akut (SKA di dunia, terutama hiperglikemia saat masuk rumah sakit. Hal ini didasari oleh beberapa pengaruh kadar glukosa darah yang tinggi terhadap sistem kardiovaskuler seperti gangguan fungsi ventrikel kiri, stroke volume yang menurun, regurgitasi katup mitral berulang, gangguan pada waktu pengisian diastolik hingga risiko tinggi untuk arritmia, serta hubungannya dengan peningkatan risiko trombosis. Sehingga semakin memperjelas pengaruh hiperglikemia yang tidak hanya dapat meningkatkan risiko terjadinya SKA, melainkan juga dapat memperburuk kondisi pasien SKA sendiri. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi hubungan kadar glukosa darah sewaktu dengan lama hari rawat pasien Sindrom Koroner Akut (SKA. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian analitik dengan menggunakan desain penelitian Cross Sectional Study. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder yang diambil di Instalasi Rekam Medik (Medical Record, yakni data rekam medik pasien yang didiagnosis sebagai Sindrom Koroner Akut (SKA yang dirawat inap di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat DR. M. Djamil Padang Periode Januari–Desember 2011. Ditemukan sebagian besar pasien SKA masuk rumah sakit dengan kadar Glukosa Darah Sewaktu (GDS sebesar ≥ 200 mg/dl (40% dan lama hari rawat sebesar ≥ 7 hari (52%. Dari hasil analisa bivariat dengan menggunakan uji korelasi Spearman ditemukan adanya hubungan searah antara kadar glukosa darah saat masuk rumah sakit dengan lama hari rawat pasien SKA dengan kekuatan hubungan yang sedang, r = +0,492, p = 0, 000 (p<0,05. Pemantauan terhadap kadar GDS yang diperiksa saat pasien masuk rumah sakit perlu dilakukan dan untuk penelitian yang akan datang diharapkan dapat diteliti lebih lanjut faktor-faktor lain yang mempengaruhi lama hari rawat pasien SKA.Kata kunci: Kadar glukosa darah saat masuk RS, lama hari rawatAbstractHyperglicemia is still become a research

  13. Nitrogenoxidinhalation ved akut lungesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T H; Henneberg, S W; Heslet, L;

    1995-01-01

    inhalation substantially improved oxygenation, reduced pulmonary arterial pressure and peak inspiratory pressure. Treatment with NO inhalation was without side effects and easy to administer through the ventilator. Both patients survived without sequelae. We suggest that inhalation with NO should be tried...

  14. Billeddiagnostik ved akut lungeemboli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hess, Søren; Madsen, Poul Henning; Jørgensen, Henrik Boel; Høilund-Carlsen, Poul Flemming

    2005-01-01

    Acute pulmonary embolism is an underdiagnosed and potentially lethal condition. Treatment may be lifesaving but is associated with severe side effects. Thus, reliable diagnostic imaging is essential. We conducted a literature review on the use of spiral computed tomography, lung scintigraphy and...... echocardiography in acute pulmonary embolism and identified 562 articles, of which 16 original papers met our inclusion criteria. From these, we concluded that none of the modalities is applicable in every situation. Spiral computed tomography can confirm the diagnosis but cannot rule out subsegmental embolism...

  15. Akutô

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxenbøll, Morten

    2009-01-01

      According to hundreds of legal documents from thirteenth and fourteenth century Japan, and many historians today, Japan was haunted by akuto ("evil bands", or "bandits"), who swarmed the countryside in the period. We find references to akuto in reports and legal documents from most of the central...... rhetorical label in disputes over land rather than as a social or criminological category. Through a study of chronicles, laws and legal documents from the period, the dissertation thus deconstructs the image of the akuto as instigators of wanton violence and predatory behaviour, and it underlines the...

  16. Akut ultralyd App

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Todsen, Tobias; Graumann, Ole; Laursen, Christian B.;

    2015-01-01

    Denne app indeholder gennemgang af en række standardiserede ultralydsprotokoller, der kan udføres i forbindelse med undersøgelsen af den akutte patient til besvarelse af binære kliniske spørgsmål. App'en er blevet udviklet i et samarbejde mellem Københavns Universitet, Syddansk Universitet og...... Aarhus Universitet. Projektgruppen repræsenterer læger fra forskellige specialer og har alle beskæftiget sig med undervisning og forskning i klinisk ultralyd. App´en er gratis og kan hestes her: http://akutul.cekuapp.dk/...

  17. Akut blodkomponentterapi til traumepatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berthelsen, Camilla Rostgaard; Mølgaard, Theis; Mølgaard, Ole;

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Massive bleeding is a common cause of death in trauma patients. The aim of this study was to describe the number and survival within the group of trauma patients who received treatment with blood components, as well as to describe the amount and kind of blood components in acute....... CONCLUSION: Acute transfusion with blood components was given to 7% of primarily admitted trauma patients in 2004. Only 2% were massively transfused and in this group mortality was high. All massive transfused patients except one received balanced treatment. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-May-19...

  18. Trombolysebehandling ved akut underekstremitetsiskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rørdam, Peter; Enevoldsen, Micha Thyge; Rasmussen, John Bøje Grønvall; Laursen, N O; Hensler, M K; Madsen, P V; Schroeder, T V

    1996-01-01

    During a period of four and a half years 37 lower extremities with acute ischaemia were treated with thrombolysis. Angiographically, 35 cases demonstrated no suitable arteries for distal reconstruction. In two cases vascular surgery was not performed because of cardiac incompensation. Two patient...

  19. Cerebrolysin bei Schädel-Hirn-Trauma - Eine neurotrope und neurogene Substanz in der Initialbehandlung akuter Schädel-Hirn-Verletzungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    König P

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Schädel-Hirn-Verletzungen (SHV, SHT und daraus resultierende akute wie chronische Traumafolgen werden von der WHO als eine der größten Gesundheitsschädigungen weltweit angesehen. Alle Therapeutika, die dazu beitragen, die Folgen eines SHT zu reduzieren, sind daher von besonderem theoretischem wie praktischem Interesse. Cerebrolysin ist ein standardisiert aus Schweinehirn gewonnenes Peptidgemisch, dessen Eiweißkörper aufgrund ihres niedrigen Molekulargewichtes die Bluthirnschranke zu passieren vermögen. Die neurotrophen, neuroprotektiven und neurogenetischen Eigenschaften von Cerebrolysin wurden in verschiedenen präklinischen Studien dokumentiert. Auch für dementielle Hirnerkrankungen und die Schlaganfallbehandlung mit Cerebrolysin liegen klinische Studien vor. Wir führten eine placebokontrollierte Doppelblindstudie mit Cerebrolysin als Add-on-Therapie in der Behandlung akuter SHV in 5 Zentren durch. In die Studie wurden 44 Patienten aufgenommen, 22 in die Verum- und 22 in die Placebogruppe. Beurteilungskriterien waren die GCS (Glasgow-Coma-Scale, die CGI (Clinical-Global-Impression und der SKT (Syndrom-Kurztest, Nebenwirkungen wurden mit der DOTES/TWIS erfaßt. Die Vitalparameter und Laborwerte wurden kontrolliert. Cerebrolysin bzw. Placebo wurde durch 21 Tage einmal täglich i.v. infundiert. Die statistische Analyse der Unterschiede zwischen Therapiebeginn und den wöchentlichen Kontrollen zeigte signifikante Unterschiede zwischen Cerebrolysin und Placebo: Cerebrolysin verbesserte die Hirnleistungsfähigkeit signifikant rascher und deutlicher. Die Verträglichkeit von Cerebrolysin war, wie bekannt, ausgezeichnet. Zusätzlich ergaben sich in zwei spezifischen Behandlungsaspekten relevante Resultate für die Cerebrolysingruppe in der Behandlung des SHT: Einerseits in der praktischen Anwendbarkeit einer Substanz, die sich stabilisierend auf Metabolismus und intrazelluläre Strukturen von Neuronen, somit antiapoptotisch, auswirkt und

  20. Hubungan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif dengan Angka Kejadian Diare Akut pada Bayi Usia 0-1 Tahun di Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Putri Rahmadhani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPemberian ASI eksklusif merupakan salah satu upaya untuk mencapai tumbuh kembang optimal dan terlindungi dari penyakit seperti diare. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan angka kejadian diare akut pada bayi usia 0-1 tahun di Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan secara observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah bayi usia 0-1 tahun yang berkunjung ke posyandu di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kuranji Kota Padang dengan menggunakan simple random sampling. Jumlah bayi dengan kelompok usia 0-5 bulan 29 hari sebanyak 69 orang (51,1% dan usia 6-12 bulan sebanyak 66 orang (48,9%. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan bayi usia 0-5 bulan 29 hari yang masih mendapat ASI saja sebanyak 41 bayi (30,4% dan yang sudah mendapat campuran lain selain ASI sebanyak 28 bayi (20,7%. Jumlah bayi usia 6-12 bulan dengan ASI eksklusif sebanyak 34 bayi (25,2% dan 32 bayi lainnya (23,7% non ASI eksklusif. Sebanyak 57 bayi (42,2% pernah diare dan 78 bayi lainnya (57,8% tidak pernah. Analisis chi square mendapatkan p=0,001 dan hasil ini signifikan (p<0,5. Pemberian ASI eksklusif selama 6 bulan harus ditingkatkan karena mempunyai hubungan dengan angka kejadian diare akut.Kata kunci: Bayi, ASI Exclusif, diareAbstractExclusive breastfeeding is an effort to achieve optimal growth and development and can be protected from diarrhea. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with the incidence of acute diarrhea in infants aged 0-1 years in the Kuranji Public Health Center Padang. This study conducted a cross sectional observational study. The sample was a baby aged 0-1 years who visited posyandu in the Kuranji Public Health Center working area using simple random sampling. The result showed 41 infants (30.4% aged 0-5 months 29 days which is still breastfed only and other than breast milk were 28 infants (20.7%. Number of 6-12 months

  1. Veteraners psykiske velbefindende 7-8 måneder efter hjemkomst. Undersøgelse af udsendte til Afghanistan i perioden februar-august 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løngaard, Katja; Nielsen, Anni Brit Sternhagen; Andersen, Søren Bo; Karstoft, Karen-Inge

    Baggrund Denne undersøgelse omhandler det psykiske helbred blandt dansk personel udsendt med International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) hold 15 til Afghanistan fra februar til august 2013. Den har til formål at afdække forekomsten af symptomer på depression og posttraumatisk stresslidelse (PTSD......) fra før udsendelsen til 7-8 måneder efter hjemkomst samt identificere faktorer målt før udsendelse, der øger sårbarheden for at udvikle symptomer på PTSD. Herudover vil rapporten indeholde en sammenligning af forekomsten af PTSD- og depressionssymptomer på ISAF15 med forekomsten af symptomer på ISAF7...... besvarelser) og fik tilsendt spørgeskemaer 7-8 måneder efter hjemkomst (340 besvarelser). Ud fra disse besvarelser opgør vi forekomsten af symptomer på PTSD og depression, analyserer udviklingen af PTSD-symptomer over tid og identificerer sårbarhedsfaktorer, der øger risikoen for at tilhøre en PTSD...

  2. Blodtryk er ikke entydigt associeret med risiko for glaukom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Michael Stormly; Torp-Pedersen, Christian Tobias; Hvid-Hansen, Anders; Lund-Andersen, Henrik; Jeppesen, Jørgen; Kolko, Miriam

    2014-01-01

    Compromised autoregulation of ocular blood flow is a plausible consequence of hypertension, and studies indicate that hypertension can lead to progression of glaucoma. Initiating antihypertensive therapy in subjects with long-standing hypertension could deteriorate ocular blood flow leading...... ultimately to glaucomatous damage. Evidence on this topic is still equivocal but until adequate knowledge on the field has been established we recommend referral of patients disposed for glaucoma to ophthalmologic examination when initiating antihypertensive medication....

  3. SPESIFIKASI SIMPLISIA DAN EKSTRAK ETANOL BIJI PINANG (ARECA CATECHU L ASAL TAWANGMANGU SERTA TOKSISITAS AKUT DAN KHASIAT HEMOSTATIKNYA PADA HEWAN COBA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sa'roni Sa'roni

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Biji pinang (Areca catechu L secara tradisional diantaranya digunakan untuk obat menghentikan cucur darah dan haid banyak mengeluarkan darah. Untuk membuktikan penggunaan tersebut perlu dilakukan penelitian apakah ekstrak biji pinang mempunyai khasiat hemostatik, yaitu dapat mempercepat waktu beku darah serta untuk mendapatkan gambaran toksisitasnya ditentukan harga LD50 nya. Sebelum penelitian dilakukan spesifikasi simplisia dan ekstrak total dari biji pinang. Penelitian LD50 menurut cara Weil ,C.S dengan menggunakan hewan mencit dan penelitian khasiat hemostatik menurut cara Lee-White dengan menggunakan hewan tikus putih. Penelitian khasiat hemostatik dilakukan pada 3 macam  dosis ekstrak biji pinang yaitu 1,63mg, 4,9mg dan 16,3mg/100g.bobot badan tikus. Spesifikasi simplisia biji pinang asal Tawangmangu berwarna coklat, rasa pahit, kadar abu 4,2%± 0,1 kadar air  6,9%± 0,27. Spesifikasi ekstrak etanol biji pinang berwarna coklat kemerahan rasa pahit, kental, mengandung kaloid, saponin, flavonoid, tanin, polifenol dan antrakinon. Besar LD50 ekstrak etanol biji pinang 4,14 (3,31-5,18mg/10g. bobot badan secara ip pada mencit. Ekstrak dosis 16,3mg/100g.bobot badan tikus mempunyai khasiat hemostatik yang tidak berbeda dengan transamin dosis 4,5mg/100g.bobot badan tikus.   Kata kunci :  Areca catecu L; Toksisitas akut; Hemostatik

  4. Litterära resor : Turism i spåren efter böcker, filmer och författare

    OpenAIRE

    Sjöholm, Carina

    2011-01-01

    Att resa i spåren av litterära verk är ingen ny företeelse. Inte heller är den helt lätt att definiera; det går sällan att tydligt avgränsa vad som inspirerat till resan – är det boken, filmatiseringen, en intressant författare eller uppmärksamheten kring någon av dessa? Man kan vandra i Cornwall på jakt efter Daphne du Mauriers inspirationskällor, lösa mordgåtor med Agatha Christie, åka buss genom ett våldspräglat Wallanderland eller vistas hela dagar i Astrid Lindgrens värld – turismbransch...

  5. Akut ve kronik oroantral açıklıkların cerrahi tedavisi: 33 vakalık klinik çalışma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Cihan Bereket

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Oroantral comunications are known as pathological connections occuring between the oral cavity and maxillary sinus. Early treatment of this condition prevents the development of sinusitis and fistula, as well as the need for more complex methods of treating patients and the possibility of recurrence. In this study; age, sex, etiologic factors, location of the opening, methods of treatment and early complications of 33 patients that surgically treated in Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Dentistry, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic between 2005-2011 were examined. 18 (54.54% of oroantral openings were treated with buccal advancement flap, 4 (12.12% of them were treated with palatal rotational flap, 8 (24.24% of them were treated with iodoform gauze pack strip and the remaining 3 (9.09% cases were treated with buccal fat pad, double-tunnel method and primary closure. In all cases, tooth extraction was the only etiologic factor. 100% (20/20 success was achieved in all patients with acute openings, while the rate was 77% (13/10 in patients with oroantral fistula.

     

    ÖZET

    Oroantral açıklıklar, ağız kavitesi ve maksiller sinüs arasında meydana gelen patolojik bağlantı olarak bilinmektedir. Bu durumun erken dönem tedavisi, sinüzit ve fistül gelişimini önlediği gibi, hastaların daha komplike yöntemlerle tedavi gereksinimlerini ve nüks olasılığını da önlemektedir.  Bu çalışmada, 2005-2011 tarihleri arasında Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Ağız, Diş ve Çene Cerrahisi kliniğinde cerrahi tedavisi gerçekleştirilen akut veya kronik açıklığa sahip 33 hastanın yaş, cinsiyet, etyolojik faktörler, açıklığın lokalizasyonu, gerçekleştirilen tedavi yöntemleri ve erken dönem komplikasyonları incelenmiştir. Oroantral açıklıkların, 18’i (%54,54 bukkal ilerletme flebi, 4’ü (%12,12  palatal döndürme flebi, 8’i (24

  6. Lymfödem – komplikation efter bröstcancerkirurgi : En litteraturöversikt om sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsåtgärder och patientens egenvård

    OpenAIRE

    Fagerlund, Agnes; Ros, Ellen

    2016-01-01

    Bakgrund: Lymfödem är en besvärande komplikation efter bröstcancerkirurgi. Det kan leda till svullnad, smärta och rörelseinskränkningar i den drabbade armen. Det är ett kroniskt och svårbehandlat tillstånd. Syfte: Att sammanställa vetenskaplig litteratur som beskriver omvårdnadsåtgärder utförda av sjuksköterskan och metoder för egenvård utförda av patienter för prevention och behandling av lymfödem efter bröstcancerkirurgi. Metod: PubMed användes som databas för insamling av artiklar under fe...

  7. Genoptraening efter total knaealloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Bente; Kehlet, Henrik

    2009-01-01

    The short- and long-term benefits of post-discharge physiotherapy regimens after total knee arthroplasty are debatable. A national survey including hospitals in Denmark that perform total knee arthroplasty showed a large variability in indication and regimen for post-knee arthroplasty rehabilitat......The short- and long-term benefits of post-discharge physiotherapy regimens after total knee arthroplasty are debatable. A national survey including hospitals in Denmark that perform total knee arthroplasty showed a large variability in indication and regimen for post-knee arthroplasty...

  8. Rekonvalescens efter kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharif, Heidi; Glavind, Julie; Uldbjerg, Niels

    2009-01-01

    characterized by fatigue caused by lack of sleep due to nursing and breastfeeding of the baby. This paper accounts for the effects of post-operative pain, breastfeeding, fatigue, sexuality and physical recovery in the period of reconvalecence following elective caesarean section. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep-28...

  9. Marxismen efter Marx

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karl Marx har fået momentum oven på finanskrisen som kritiker af kapitalismen. Men i Marx og i den marxistiske tradition findes en en teoretisk dybde og analysekraft, der rækker langt ud over den nuværende krise. Karl Marx har både som medspiller og modspiller været inspirationskilde for en lang...... række tænkere og politiske bevægelser. Fælles for disse strømninger er dog, at Marx og hans tanker konstant er blevet brugt i en stillingtagen, tilpasning og kritik af samtiden. Trods dette er Marx forsvundet ud af mange uddannelsers pensum – og dermed ud af mange unges bevidsthed. Bogen gennemgår...... marxismens udvikling fra Marx’ død i 1883 og op gennem det 20. århundredes politiske, økonomiske og sociale historie. Bidragyderne viser de mange forskellige tolkninger og retninger i den senere udvikling af marxismen og introducerer til nogle af de mest indflydelsesrige og toneangivende marxistiske tænkere...

  10. Kompartmentsyndrom efter hugormebid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roed, Casper; Bayer, Lasse; Lebech, Anne-Mette Kjaer; Poulsen, Jesper Brøndum; Katzenstein, Terese

    2009-01-01

    developed fasciotomy-requiring compartment syndrome of the lower and upper limb, respectively. Recognition of this most seldom complication of an adder bite is vital to save the limb. We recommend that the classical signs and symptoms of compartment syndrome serve as indication for surgery. However...

  11. National konflikt efter 1848

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Mogens Rostgaard

    2008-01-01

    I løbet af få år var der to krige om Hertugdømmet Slesvig. Treårskrigen 1848-1851 var en borgerkrig, hvor en del af befolkningen i Hertugdømmerne - støttet af tropper fra Det tyske Forbund - kæmpede for at blive løsrevet fra Danmark. Krigen i 1864 var mellem Danmark og Preussen-Østrig. I tiden me...

  12. Lungeemboli efter hugormebid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Martin Ruben Skou; Husted, Steen Elkjær; Pedersen, Gitte

    2014-01-01

    The clinical course after adder bites (Vipera berus) is unpredictable. Antivenom can reduce morbidity markedly. Preventive use of low-molecular-weight heparin is not routinely recommended. We present a case report, where indication for antivenom was not found, and the patient developed pulmonary ...

  13. Generationsskifte efter finanskrisen 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Katja Bruun

    2012-01-01

    Since the financial crisis in 2008, the agricultural industry has been financial limited and many in this industry have been forced to shut down their financial activities. This project is based on the Danish pig breeders, because they are responsible for a great part of the industry. This has affected the possibilities for a generational handover between father and son, which is a very disseminated and acknowledged method, when selling an agricultural company. Because this issue is relative ...

  14. Terapeutisk hypotermi efter hjertestop

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Louise Pape; Kristensen, Klaus Veng; Kirkegaard, Hans

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The objective of the present paper was to examine the association between cerebral status at discharge in patients treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and: 1) time form collapse to initiation of TH, 2) time form collapse to target temperature (32-34 degrees C), 3) time from in...

  15. Klavikelduplikation efter traumatisk klavikelepifysiolyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lasse; Frich, Lars Henrik

    2009-01-01

    A case of a 15-year-old boy with an injury to the distal clavicle resulting in a "banana peel lesion" and subsequent formation of a "neoclavicle" in the empty periostal sleeve is presented and discussed. Udgivelsesdato: Aug-17......A case of a 15-year-old boy with an injury to the distal clavicle resulting in a "banana peel lesion" and subsequent formation of a "neoclavicle" in the empty periostal sleeve is presented and discussed. Udgivelsesdato: Aug-17...

  16. Posttraumatisk stress efter arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, K; Lauritsen, Jens; Hansen, O N;

    1999-01-01

    This study focuses on post-traumatic stress disorder in a follow up one to two years after the occupational accident. The aim was to estimate the prevalence of PTSD, changes in general health status and issues of compensation. The material was all serious accidents registered in the Danish National...... posttraumatic stress disorder as a chronic state was 2.8% (102 persons), of whom half had been given compensation. Among the most severe accidents the prevalence was 7.6%. In conclusion, in a large cohort of persons with moderate and severe occupational injuries this study demonstrated that post......-traumatic stress disorder and lasting psychological distress should be a matter for concern in addition to the physical injury....

  17. Graviditet efter bariatrisk kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Renault, Kristina Martha; Andersen, Lise Lotte Torvin; Kjær, Mette Karie Mandrup;

    2012-01-01

    In the latest years the number of pregnant women having undergone bariatric surgery before pregnancy has increased rapidly. In pregnancy, they seem to have a reduced risk of obesity-related complications but an increased risk of mechanical complications causing small bowel obstruction and...

  18. Efter cochlear implant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højen, Anders

    2007-01-01

      Dit barn har netop fået et cochlear implant. Hvad nu? Skal barnet fokusere udelukkende på at lære talt sprog, eller skal det også lære/fortsætte med tegnsprog eller støttetegn? Det er et vanskeligt spørgsmål, og før valget foretages, er det vigtigt at vurdere hvilke konsekvenser valget har, dels...... for den sproglige udvikling isoleret set, og dels for barnets udvikling ud fra en helhedsbetragtning. Dette indlæg fokuserer på, hvilke forventninger man kan have til cochlear implant-brugeres sproglige udvikling med talt sprog alene, hhv. med to sprog (tale og tegn). Disse forventninger er baseret på...

  19. Efter cochlear implant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højen, Anders

    Dit barn har netop fået et cochlear implant. Hvad nu? Skal barnet fokusere udelukkende på at lære talt sprog, eller skal det også lære/fortsætte med tegnsprog eller støttetegn? Det er et vanskeligt spørgsmål, og før valget foretages, er det vigtigt at vurdere hvilke konsekvenser valget har, dels...... for den sproglige udvikling isoleret set, og dels for barnets udvikling ud fra en helhedsbetragtning. Dette indlæg fokuserer på, hvilke forventninger man kan have til cochlear implant-brugeres sproglige udvikling med talt sprog alene, hhv. med to sprog (tale og tegn). Disse forventninger er baseret på...

  20. Smerter efter apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Klit, Henriette; Marcussen, Ninna Schultz;

    2007-01-01

    Pain following stroke is a common but often neglected problem. Headache is present in about one fourth of patients in the acute phase. Later, chronic musculoskeletal pain including shoulder pain may be present, partly due to muscle weakness, posture and stiffness. Central neuropathic pain is a...

  1. Angiotensinkonverterende enzym efter AMI

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torp-Pedersen, C T; Køber, L

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to calculate the improvement in life expectancy by treating patients with left ventricular dysfunction after a myocardial infarction with an ACE inhibitor. Life expectancy was estimated as median lifetime and follow up in the TRACE study was prolonged until median li...

  2. Marginalskatterne efter pinsepakken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guldager, Peter

    Et væsentligt element i pinsepakken var en nedsættelse af bundskatteprocenten fra 8 i 1998 til 5,5 i 2002. Satserne for mellem- og topskat er i samme periode uændrede på hhv. 6 og 15%. Udviklingen i kommune- og amtsskatterne har bevirket, at så godt som alle bund- og mellemskatteydere har oplevet...

  3. Marginalskatterne efter Pinsepakken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guldager, Peter

    2002-01-01

    Et væsentligt element i pinsepakken var en nedsættelse af bundskatteprocenten fra 8 i 1998 til 5,5 i 2002. Satserne for mellem- og topskat er i samme periode hhv. 6 og 15%. Udviklingen i kommune- og amtsskatterne har bevirket, at så godt som alle bund- og mellemskatteydere har oplevet et fald i...

  4. Marginalskatterne efter pinsepakken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Helena Skyt; Dubey, Amaresh

    2001-01-01

    Et væsentligt element i pinsepakken var en nedsættelse af bundskatteprocenten fra 8 i 1998 til 5,5 i 2002. Satserne for mellem- og topskat er i samme periode uændrede på hhv. 6 og 15%. Udviklingen i kommune- og amtsskatterne har bevirket, at så godt som alle bund- og mellemskatteydere har oplevet...

  5. Hel igen efter benamputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Elisabeth Bomholt

    2006-01-01

    - forskellige steder. Jeg var hjemme hos tre, med én på café, mødtes med én på vedkommendes arbejdsplads, mødte syv på et fysioterapeutisk GenoptræningsSted (GS) for mennesker med benamputation og havde opfølgende telefonisk møde med seks. På GS deltog jeg bl.a. i individuel fysioterapi tre gange, holdtræning...

  6. Die akute Myoperikarditis als Chamäleon - Fallpräsentation eines jungen Patienten // Heterogenous Aetiology of Myopericarditis – A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dudczak J

    2015-01-01

    , beziehungsweise einer Myokardbiopsie. Die Myoperikarditis ist ein Chamäleon unter den kardialen Krankheitsbildern und kann sich unterschiedlichst präsentieren: von oligo-/asymptomatisch bis hin zum kardiogenen Schock. Akut lebensbedrohliche Differentialdiagnosen müssen ausgeschlossen werden.br Anhand einer akuten viralen Myoperikarditis bei einem jungen Mann mit benignem Verlauf werden die Komplexität der Erkrankung, die Schwierigkeit, die richtige Diagnose zu stellen, allfällige Komplikationen und die Prognose herausgearbeitet.

  7. Panax Kullanımına Bağlı Gelişen İki Akut Koroner Sendrom Olgusu : Gizli ve Büyük Tehlike

    OpenAIRE

    Uğurlu, Yavuz; Ergül, Elif; Karadağ, Zakir; Bostan, Mehmet

    2014-01-01

    Aterosklerotik kardiyovasküler hastalıklar günümüzde epidemik hale gelmiştir. Morbidite ve mortalitenin en sık nedenleridir. Son yıllarda, Tribulus terrestris (TT), Avena sativa (AS) ve Panax Ginseng (PG) içeren bitkisel karışımlar koroner arter hastaları tarafından sık olarak kullanılmaktadır. Bu yazıda, bilinen koroner arter hastalığı olmasına rağmen, ilaçlarını bırakıp bitkisel karışım kullanan ve akut koroner sendrom gelişen iki olgu sunuldu.

  8. The effect of leadership charisma, engagement and group belonging on volunteer work performance: AKUT search and rescue associationLiderlik karizması, adanmışlık ve gruba aidiyetin gönüllü çalışma performansına etkileri: AKUT arama kurtarma derneği örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebru Caymaz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractLeadership charisma, has been emphasized in terms of performance improvement by inspiring organization’s values and norms and making employees spend extra effort for oganization’s objectives especially in hospitals and voluntary organizations (Choi, 2006; Etzioni, 1975; Grojean vd., 2004; Pillai ve Meindl, 1998; Shamir vd., 1993; Sims ve Brinkmann, 2002; Yammarino vd., 1993. In previous studies emphasis was usually on the effects of leadership charisma on work performance. Studies in Turkey have not examined  the relationship between work performance, leadership charisma, group belonging and engagement of volunteer employees. The aim of this study is to suggest that; for volunteer employees in normative organizations, group belonging and work engagement is more effective than leadership charisma in terms of work performance. In this respect it might be related to discussions that effective leadership which improves employees’ performance and capabilities (Yukl, 2006. This study has taken place in AKUT search and rescue association which operates totally voluntarily in 32 different regions and the findings of hierarchical regression analysis support the hypotheses put forward.  ÖzetLiderlik karizması, özellikle hastaneler ve gönüllü kuruluşlarda, kurumun değer ve normlarını aşılamak, çalışanların kurumun hedeflerine yönelik ekstra çaba sarf etmelerini sağlamak kaydıyla performansı arttırmak açısından önemle üzerinde durulan bir konudur (Choi, 2006; Etzioni, 1975; Grojean vd., 2004; Pillai ve Meindl, 1998; Shamir vd., 1993; Sims ve Brinkmann, 2002; Yammarino vd., 1993. Daha önce yapılan araştırmalarda genellikle liderlik karizmasının çalışma performansına etkileri üzerinde durulmuştur. Türkiye’de yapılan çalışmalarda ise tamamen gönüllü çalışan bireylerin çalışma performansı ile liderlik karizması, gruba aidiyet ve adanmışlık kavramları arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmedi

  9. GPS baseret kortlægning af zoo gæsters brug af Aalborg Zoologiske Have, efteråret 2008

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glud, Louise Nørgaard; Harder, Henrik; Horst, Nicolas Rendtlew;

    Følgende er en opsummering af hovedresultaterne fra attraktivitetsundersøgelsen i Aalborg Zoo foretaget i oktober 2008. Undersøgelsen blev gennemført over fire dage i efterårsferien: søndag d. 12/10, mandag d. 13/10, torsdag d. 16/10 og fredag d. 17/10 2008. Søndag og fredag var vejret godt med sol...... der deltager i undersøgelsen og som minimum har udfyldt spørgeskemaet. Det totale antal gæster i Aalborg Zoo i undersøgelsesdagene var 8.992 for alle fire dage. Dette tal lå over det forventede antal gæster på 8.000. I alt gik 203 respondenter med GPS. I gennemsnit brugte de 2 timer og 58 minutter i...... Aalborg Zoo på undersøgelsesdagene. 6 (3 %) svarede ikke på spørgsmålet om hvorvidt de var mænd eller kvinder, og 197 (97 %) svarede på spørgsmålet. Den kønsmæssige fordeling blandt de resterende 197 (97 %) respondenter var følgende: 79 (40 %) var mænd og 118 (60 %) var kvinder (bilag O). Ud af de 203...

  10. Om Ludvig Jacobson og hans beskrivelse af det vomeronasal organ i 1813 efter obduktion af husdyr på Den Kgl. Veterinærskole

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen; Wang, Tobias

    2015-01-01

    , da zoologi-professor, dr. scient. Flemming Frandsen (født 1944) med hans sædvanlige øje for at inddrage spændende historiske detaljer, kort tid forinden havde forelæst på veterinærstudiet om det vomeronasale organ, der indtil 1895 [2] var kendt som Det Jacobsonske Organ – opkaldt efter dets danske...... en ny artikel om opdagelsen af det vomeronasale organ til Årbogen, takkede vi straks ja, da vi dermed fik mulighed for at gå lidt dybere på historiens veterinære aspekter.......Som helt nystartet veterinærstuderende i 1991 kom denne artikels førsteforfatter i besiddelse af et eksemplar af Veterinær Selskabets Skrifter fra 1813 [1]. Blikket faldt hurtigt på Ludvig Jacobsens ”Anatomiske beskrivelse over et nyt organ i huusdyrenes næse” [1]. Brikkerne faldt hurtigt på plads...

  11. Tvisten om försäkringsskyddet mellan säkerhetskoncernen Securitas och If Skadeförsäkring AB efter händelserna den 11 september 2001

    OpenAIRE

    Beigler, Louise

    2006-01-01

    Ett av de flygplan som flögs in i World Trade Center i New York, USA, den 11 september 2001 lyfte från Bostons flygplats. Säkerheten på flygplatsen var Globe, ett bolag i Securitaskoncernen, ansvarigt för. Securitaskoncernen, däribland Globe, ville med anledning av att ett antal skadeståndsanspråk, som följde efter attacken den 11 september 2001, ha försäkringsskydd ur det globala försäkringsprogram som Securitaskoncernen tecknat hos If Skadeförsäkring AB. Ett skiljeförfarande inleddes mellan...

  12. Utvärdering av prehospital vård och behandling av hjärtinfarktpatienter med tromboshämmande läkemedel : En fall/kontroll studie efter införandet av ny behandlingsrutin

    OpenAIRE

    Wasniowski, Benjamin; Melin, Carina

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion: Akut hjärtinfarkt är en vanlig dödsorsak. Viktigaste behandlingsinsatsen vid hjärtinfarkt är att snabbt öppna det ockluderade kranskärlet genom primär Perkutan Coronar Intervention (PCI). Viktigt är även att behandlingen förhindrar att kärlet åter ockluderar. Detta görs genom att behandla med det blodproppshämmande och kärlpåverkande läkemedlet Clopidogrel. Enligt en ny behandlingsrutin ges Clopidogrel redan i ambulansen vid konstaterande av hjärtinfarkt för att uppnå effekt så ...

  13. ETIOLOGI MIKRIBIOLOGIS PENYAKIT DIARE AKUT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyrus H. Simanjuntak

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available As in other developing countries, diarrhoea is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Indo­nesia. It is estimated that at least 4-5 million deaths per year in the world are caused by acute di­arrhoea. In Indonesia, 40% of deaths in the first 2 years of life is caused by acute diarrhoea. This study is to assess the microbial agents of diarrhoea! disease, from patients of 2 hospitals in Ja­karta. Rectal swabs for bacteriological examination were collected from patients at the admission using Cary & Blair as a transport media. Stools for Rota virus examination were collected in a tube container and kept at 4- 6°C before further processing. Conventional bacteriological procedures were performed for isolation and identification of bacterial agents. Enterotoxigenic E. Coli (E T E Cj was examined by ELISA for LT and by intragastric inocula­tion of suckling mice for ST. Campylobacter was incubated at 42°C in a candle jar using desiccator as a jar. The isolation results from 1937 specimens collected were V. cholera 01 50,2%, Rota virus 31,0%, ETEC 6,8%, Campylobacter sp 4,8%, Salmonella sp 4,3%, V. parahaemolyticus 1,6%, NAG 0,9%, Shi­gella sp 0,8%, Y. enterocolytica 0,2% and mixed infection of 2 or 3 different agent 5%. Most of the V. cholera isolated were of the Ogawa sero-type (98,9%. ETEC consisted of 69,2% LT alone, 21,4% ST alone and 8,9% both LT and ST. The most prevalent among 10 Salmonella species isolated were S. oranienberg 34,9% and S. kreveld 21,7%. The most prevalent among 4 species of Shigella isolated were Sh. flexneri 43,8% and Sh. dysen-triae 31,3%. Diarrhoeal diseases were continuously found through the year with 2 peaks; one high peak in May, June and July and the other lower peak in December and January.

  14. Korrekt behandling af akut akillesseneruptur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Kristoffer W; Ganestam, Ann; Madsen, Bjørn Lindegård;

    2016-01-01

    increased risk of re-rupture and operative treatment to an increased risk of other complications such as adhesions, infection and nerve injury. When a non-operative treatment protocol is chosen it is paramount that sufficient expertise is present to guide the treatment and rehabilitation.......Treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture in Denmark has changed from being predominantly operative to being non-operative treatment over the past five years. However, no clear evidence is found in the literature in favour of one treatment modality over another. Non-operative treatment leads to an...

  15. Fælles Akut Modtagelse

    OpenAIRE

    Hornskov, Maja; Egede Glahn, Kasper; Dansgaard, Peter Ulrik; Pedersen, Hans Jakob; Just Petersen, Kristoffer

    2012-01-01

    This report examines the design and implementation of the Joint Acute Wards (JAW) at the Hospital of South Jutland. JAW is a new way to organize a hospital ward, which focuses on interdisciplinary and team organization. The main research question is: How has the hospital management handled the managerial and organizational challenges related to the establishment of JAW at the Hospital of South Jutland? To answer our main research question Complexity Leadership Theory and Leawitts organization...

  16. Akut schistosomiasis (Katayama-feber)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, T; Rønne-Rasmussen, J O; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian

    1995-01-01

    Acute schistosomiasis (Katayama fever) may present with a broad spectrum of symptoms three to six weeks after primary infection by Schistosoma (S) mansoni, S. japonicum or, more rarely, S. haematobium. The acute phase of schistosomiasis is frequently confused with other feverish diseases. It occu....... Clinically normal, but potentially exposed travel companions should be examined as well. Early diagnosis and treatment may be important in preventing the infection's serious sequelae of the infection....

  17. Tuberkulose forårsaget af Mycobacterium africanum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bek, Dorte; Kjeldsen, Marianne Kirstine; Hansen, Nikolaj Friis; Kamper-Jørgensen, Zaza; Rasmussen, Erik Michael

    2010-01-01

    Tuberkulose (TB) forårsages af patogene arter fra Mycobacterium tuberculosis komplekset (MTBC) og har en incidens på cirka 7/100.000 i Danmark. På mistanke om TB hos en akut indlagt 40 årig afrikansk mand initieredes anti-TB behandling. Efter 13 timers indlæggelse afgik patienten ved døden. Fra...

  18. Prostate cancer and cardiovascular diseases: Risk and prognosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Christina Gade

    2014-01-01

    Formålene med dette ph.d. studie var at undersøge datakvaliteten af koderne for medicinsk og kirurgisk kastration i Landspatientregistreret, at estimere risikoen for akut myokardieinfrakt (AMI) og apopleksi efter behandling med medicinsk eller kirurgisk kastration, samt at bestemme betydningen af...

  19. Prophylactic and therapeutic management of acute radiation related morbidity of the skin and mucosa. Part II. Recommendations from the literature; Prophylaxe und Therapie akuter Strahlenfolgen an Haut und Schleimhaut. Teil II. Empfehlungen der Literatur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zimmermann, J.S.; Niehoff, P.; Wilhelm, R.; Schneider, R.; Kovacs, G.; Kimmig, B. [Kiel Univ. (Germany). Klinik fuer Strahlentherapie (Radioonkologie)

    1998-04-01

    In this work, the recommendations from the literature are compared to the results of the questionnaire. An extensive research on common data information systems (Medline, Cancerlit, DIMDI and others) was performed. The criteria included the organ related morbidity and therapeutic strategies for its reduction. The obtained data were compared to the results from the questionnaire. The study data found by the research often demonstrate small patient numbers and little convincing results. However, as in the questionnaire, the joint principle seems to be the reduction of acute inflammatory tissue reaction by evasion of bacterial and mycotic overgrowth and reduction of exo- and endogenous toxins. (orig./MG) [Deutsch] In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde die aktuelle Literatur im Hinblick auf die Reduktion der akuten strahlentherapieassoziierten Morbiditaet untersucht. Es wurde eine umfangreiche Literaturrecherche (Medline, Cancerlit, DIMDI und andere) durchgefuehrt. Suchkriterien waren jeweils die organbezogene Morbiditaet sowie Verfahren zu deren Reduktion. Die Daten wurden mit den Ergebnissen der Umfrage korreliert. Die durch die Recherche erhaltenen Untersuchungen weisen haeufig eine kleine Fallzahl und oft wenig ueberzeugende Ergebnisse auf. Wie auch im Ergebnis der Umfrage ist als gemeinsames Wirkprinzip die Reduktion akuter Entzuendungsreaktionen durch Vermeidung oder Behandlung von Superinfektionen und Reduktion weiterer gewebstoxischer Einfluesse zu erkennen. (orig./MG)

  20. Utvärdering av logopedisk röstbehandling i Västerbottens läns landsting : Patienters självskattade röstbesvär före och efter behandling

    OpenAIRE

    Englund, Linn; Gunnarsson, Kristin

    2013-01-01

    Bakgrund Kraven på evidensbaserad vård ökar ständigt. Att jämföra patienters självskattade besvär före och efter behandling är ett sätt att utvärdera behandlingseffekten.  Rösthandikappindex (RHI) och VA-skala för röstbesvär är två verktyg för utvärdering av röstbehandling. Tidigare studier har visat att röstbehandling ger minskade självskattade röstbesvär. Syfte Syftet med denna studie var att med självskattningsformulär utvärdera effekten av logopedisk röstbehandling i Västerbottens läns la...

  1. Ät rätt för bättre prestation : En studie om motionärers matvanor före och efter träning

    OpenAIRE

    Ehrén, Max; Youssef, Jibril

    2015-01-01

    Sammanfattning Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka i vilken utsträckning uppladdnings- och återhämtningsmål intas. När man är fysiskt aktiv är det viktigt att äta uppladdnings- och återhämtningsmål. Före ett träningspass måste glykogenlagren fyllas på för att få energi och för att kunna prestera. Det är också viktigt att äta efter träning för att fylla upp glykogenlagren och förhindra nedbrytningen av musklerna. Vi använde oss av en kvantitativ forskningsmetod och skapade en enkät där 27...

  2. Pulmonary complications of induction therapy for acute myeloid leukemia in adults. Findings of chest X-rays and computed tomography; Pulmonale Komplikationen der Induktionstherapie bei akuter myeloischer Leukaemie des Erwachsenen. Befunde in Thoraxuebersichtsaufnahme und Computertomographie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirchner, J.; Huettmann, C.; Jacobi, V. [Univ. Frankfurt am Main (Germany). Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik; Boehme, A. [Frankfurt Univ. (Germany). Medizinische Klinik 3

    1998-03-01

    To exclude pulmonary complications, 359 chest radiographs and 50 computed tomographs of the lung were performed in 95 patients suffering from acute myeloid leukemia. The radiological findings were registered, described and correlated with clinical findings in the present study on 2395 days of observation. Results: In summary, 52 patients showed alterations of the lung. Pulmonary hyperhydration was seen in 21 cases, bacterial pneumonia was found in 18 cases, invasive pulmonary aspergillosis was documented in 14 cases, and 5 cases of severe haemorrhage were seen. An unexplained pulmonary edema in 13 patients with interstitial and alveolar infiltrates is considered to be a complication of treatment with cytosine-arabinoside. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that chest X-ray and computed tomography have a high impact in detection and treatment of pulmonary complications following intensive chemotherapy. We may expect the development of diffuse opacity following administration of cytosine-arabinoside in medium-sized doses. (orig.) [Deutsch] Zum Ausschluss pulmonaler Komplikationen durchgefuehrte Thoraxuebersichtsaufnahmen (n=359) und computertomographische Untersuchungen der Lunge (n=50) von 95 Patienten mit akuter myeloischer Leukaemie werden in der vorliegenden Arbeit systematisch erfasst, beschrieben und mit den klinischen Symptomen an insgesamt 2395 Beobachtungstagen korreliert. Ergebnisse: Hierbei wiesen 52 Patienten Lungenveraenderungen auf. Eine pulmonale Ueberwaesserung wurde in 21 Faellen beobachtet, bakterielle Pneumonien in 18 Faellen, eine invasive pulmonale Aspergillose in 14 Faellen. Es wurden 5 Lungenblutungen beobachtet. Ein bei 13 Patienten aufgetretenes unklares Lungenoedem mit diffuser interstitieller Zeichnungsvermehrung und auch alveolaerer Komponente wird von uns als Komplikation der Anwendung von Cytosin-Arabinosid angenommen. Schlussfolgerung: Thoraxuebersichtsaufnahme und Computertomographie besitzen einen hohen Stellenwert bei der Erkennung

  3. Acute, non traumatic patterns in chest radiography of children. Recognition and understanding of radiographic appearances; Akute, nicht traumabedingte Veraenderungen des unteren Respirationstraktes des Kindes im Thoraxroentgen. Erkennen und Verstehen radiologischer Veraenderungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Puig, S.; Hoermann, M.; Schibany, N.; Ponhold, W. [Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Wien (Austria); Sandstroem, S. [Bild o Funktionsdiagnostisk Centrum, Universitetssjukhus, Lund (Sweden)

    2002-03-01

    The diagnosis of acute, non-traumatic diseases of the lower respiratory tract requires exact knowledge of the specific anatomy, physiology and pathology of the pediatric chest. The absolutely and relatively smaller airways, as compared with those of adults, and the undeveloped collateral ventilation result in radiological appearances that are unique in children. Viral pneumonia is predominant only in small children up to an age of 2 years. With increasing age, there is a higher incidence of bacterial pneumonia. The differentiation of viral and bacterial etiology of a pneumonia is not possible on the basis of chest radiographs. In acute pediatric imaging, possible aspiration of foreign bodies has to be considered. Since most foreign bodies cannot be detected radiographically, indirect features such as hyperinflation or mediastinal shifts have to be evaluated. Primary lung tumors are rare in children. More common are metastases with known primary tumors. Neuroblastoma or lymphomas may mimic intrapulmonary pathologies. (orig.) [German] Die Diagnostik akuter, nicht traumabedingter Erkrankungen des unteren Respirationstraktes erfordert genaue Kenntnisse der speziellen Anatomie, Physiologie und Pathologie der kindlichen Lunge. Die absolut und auch relativ kleineren Luftwege im Vergleich zum Erwachsenen, aber auch der noch nicht ausgebildete Kollateralkreislauf fuehren zu pulmonalen Veraenderungen, wie sie nur beim Kind vorkommen. Bei den Pneumonien sind Viren nur bei Kleinkindern bis zum 2. Lebensjahr praedominant. Mit zunehmendem Alter treten Bakterien immer mehr in den Vordergrund. Eine Unterscheidung zwischen viralem und bakteriellem Erreger ist im Thoraxroentgen nicht moeglich. Haeufig ist auch eine fragliche Fremdkoerperaspiration abzuklaeren. Da die meisten Fremdkoerper nicht roentgendicht sind, muss auf indirekte Zeichen wie Ueberblaehung und Mediastinalshift geachtet werden. Primaere pulmonale Tumoren zaehlen zu den Raritaeten. Haeufiger sind Sekundaerblastome

  4. HRM i Danmark efter krisen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bévort, Frans; Holt Larsen, Henrik; Hjalager, Anne-Mette; Jesper, Christensen

    Kortlægning af praksis for Human Resource Management (HRM) i alle organisationer i Danmark med mere end 100 ansatte.......Kortlægning af praksis for Human Resource Management (HRM) i alle organisationer i Danmark med mere end 100 ansatte....

  5. Rekonvalescens og sygemelding efter influenza

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Court

    2009-01-01

    Seasonal influenza has a significant impact on individuals and society alike. In otherwise healthy adults, a typical case of seasonal influenza is associated with six to eight days of clinical symptoms, and about four to five days of sick leave. Transmission mainly takes place during the initial...

  6. Stressfraktur efter epifysiodese i femur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Aubaidi, Zaid; Engell, Vilhelm; Lundgaard, Bjarne

    2010-01-01

    varus or valgus deformities or extension defect in the knee. Temporary epiphysiodesis can also be used to correct leg length discrepancy more accurately. Complications after treatment with 8-plates are well-described. Stress fracture after the usage of this device has to our knowledge not yet been...... described. We present a case with a fracture in the distal femur through 8-plates screw holes....

  7. Laegers kliniske faerdigheder efter turnusuddannelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringsted, Charlotte V; Pallisgaard, Jane; Falck, Geir

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate Danish interns' clinical skills after their internship in order to identify areas where systematic training is needed. This study was a follow-up of a previous study on a group of interns at the beginning of their internship. MATERIAL AND METHODS......: A questionnaire listing 88 practical skills was posted to a group of trainees before and after internship. The interns were asked to rate their level of mastery in each skill on a scale 0-10, where 0 = not mastery/not competent and 10 = mastery/competent. RESULTS: In all, 74 out of 100 trainees...... returned the questionnaire. In 60 of the skills the trainees reported a higher level of mastery after internship and in 28 procedures the level of skill did not improve. Ten of these are procedures used in emergency settings. DISCUSSION: The reliability of self-reported clinical skills can be discussed...

  8. Socialisme i Chile efter Pinochet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cristoffanini, Pablo Rolando

    2008-01-01

    Chile bliver ofte præsenteret som et paradigme for resten af det latinamerikanske kontinent: Et land med høj økonomisk vækst og politisk stabilitet. Landet har endda haft to socialistiske præsidenter siden 2000, den sidste den første kvindelige præsident. Succeshistorien har en bagside: De social...

  9. Tejnefiskeri efter jomfruhummer. Et litteraturstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, Rikke; Krag, Ludvig Ahm; Andersen, Bo Sølgaard;

    are primarily due to: • Norway lobster have difficulty locating the entrance. • Norway lobster are aggressive and the first ones being caught displays aggressive behavior towards newcomers. • The creel is an alien element on the seabed and in itself might scare Norway lobster from entering. The design...

  10. Cerebral blood flow autoregulation in patients with acute bacterial meningitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Kirsten

    2001-01-01

    Ph.d. afhandlingen omhandler sammenhængen mellem hjernens blodtilførsel (CBF) og middelarterietrykket (MAP) hos patienter med akut bakteriel meningitis. Hos raske er CBF uafhængig af MAP, hvilket kaldes CBF autoregulation. Svækket autoregulation antages at øge risikoen for cerebral hypoperfusion og...... iskæmi under episoder med lavt MAP, og for cerebral hyperperfusion og vasogent ødem ved højt MAP. CBF autoregulationen undersøgtes hos tyve voksne patienter med akut bakteriel meningitis i den tidlige sygdomsfase (<24 timer efter diagnostisk lumbalpunktur). Idet autoregulationen fandtes svækket hos...... meningitis, men retableres ved klinisk restitution. Autoregulationen kan endvidere delvis retableres ved akut hyperventilation. Fundene har potentiel betydning for valg af supportiv terapi hos patienter med meningitis....

  11. AKUT : Käytetyimpien akkutyyppien kehitys

    OpenAIRE

    Liimatainen, Lauri

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö tehtiin tilauksesta Centria-ammattikorkeakoulun Ylivieskan yksikön sähkötekniikan koulutusohjelmalle. Akkutekniikoihin liittyvää tietoa ei ole ollut saatavana suomenkielisenä. Tavoitteena oli saada aikaan suomenkielinen opinnäytetyö, jota voidaan hyödyntää perehdyttäessä akkutekniikoihin. Aloitin työni keräämällä kattavasti tietoa erilaisista teoksista, tutkimuksista ja luotettavista internetlähteistä. Tiedoista valitsin työhöni materiaalia, joka auttaa vertailemaan akkutekni...

  12. Akut generaliseret eksantematøs pustulose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Comstedt, Lisbeth Rosholm; Gregersen, Janni Hjortlund; Bygum, Anette

    2010-01-01

    Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a rare cutaneous drug reaction often caused by beta-lactam antibiotics. The reaction is characterized by sudden occurrence of a generalized exanthema, developing within 1-2 days. Hundreds of sterile pustules arise on an oedematous and erythemat...... erythematous base. The cutaneous symptoms are accompanied by fever and neutrophilia. The pustules resolve within 4-10 days once the causative drug has been withdrawn. We hereby present a classical case of amoxicillin-induced AGEP in a 34-year-old woman. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Feb-22...

  13. Die akut antipanische Wirkung von Sport

    OpenAIRE

    Feller, Roman Christian

    2010-01-01

    Regular physical activity is anxiolytic for both healthy subjects and patients with panic disorder. However, the acute antipanic effect of a single bout of exercise has not yet been studied systematically. In this study, the effect of quiet rest or aerobic treadmill exercise (30 minutes at 70% of the individual maximum oxygen consumption) on experimentally induced panic attacks were investigated in a crossover design in fifteen healthy subjests. Panic attacks were induced using Cholecystok...

  14. MR-scanning ved akut apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Claus Ziegler; Røhl, L; Østergaard, L; Vestergaard-Poulsen, P; Andersen, Grethe; Gyldensted, C

    2001-01-01

    MR is increasingly used as a diagnostic tool in stroke management, especially since new and acute treatments are now available. This article describes the new MR sequences used in the scanning of stroke patients. A scanning protocol is suggested and our preliminary experiences with acute MR...

  15. Nuklearterrorismus: akute Bedrohung oder politisches Schreckgespenst?

    OpenAIRE

    Sauer, Frank

    2007-01-01

    'Mit der Angst vor weiteren terroristischen Anschlägen wachsen auch Ängste vor nuklearen Anschlägen, die besonderen Schrecken verbreiten. Dies hat vor allem damit zu tun, dass es um Massenvernichtungswaffen geht, aber auch mit dem Umstand, dass seit den Atombombenabwürfen auf Hiroshima und Nagasaki 1945 in zwischenstaatlichen Konflikten weltweit keine Nuklearwaffen mehr eingesetzt worden sind. Sie galten bislang als reine Abschreckungsmaßnahme und ihr Einsatz als tabu, zumal ein Staat mit ent...

  16. Terapi pada Otitis Media Supuratif Akut

    OpenAIRE

    Aboet, Askaroellah

    2010-01-01

    Acute suppurative otitis media (ASOM) is an abrupt infection of the middle ear of short duration. The disease is one of the most common diseases world-wide. Treatment of ASOM consists of medical management, that is antibiotic based on empirical or bacterial culture for 10-14 days and surgical management, if failure of antibiotic treatment or mastoiditis stage of coalescent occurs.

  17. Akut svimmelhed hos den neurologiske patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Marie; Højgaard, Joan L. Sunnleyg; Kondziella, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Acute vertigo of neurological origin may be caused by haemorrhages and tumours in the posterior fossa and, most frequently, by ischaemic infarction in the vertebrobasilar circulation. Urgent diagnosis is necessary to avoid further ischaemic episodes, herniation due to cerebellar oedema and/or fatal...... brainstem infarction. The history should focus on accompanying neurological symptoms. However, vertigo with cerebellar lesions may be monosymptomatic and then bedside evaluation of oculomotor function is the key to correct diagnosis. This paper discusses the pathophysiology, symptomatology and clinical...... evaluation of acute vertigo of neurological origin....

  18. Acute effects of differing duration of static stretching on speed performance Farklı sürelerde uygulanan statik germenin sürat performansına akut etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suat Yıldız

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of differing duration (15s, 30s, 45s of static stretching on speed performance. Method: Twenty students in Physical Education and Sports (age 23.3 ± 2.0 years, height 175.7 ± 5.8 cm, weight 67.6 ± 8.6 kg implemented 4 differing duration static stretching protocol on ​​noncontiguous days. After low intensity aerobic exercise subjects applied 15s static stretching (SG15, 30s static stretching (SG30, 45s static stretching (SG45 and low intensity aerobic exercise without any stretching application (KU. Subjects performed 20m sprint test after each stretching protocol. Differing duration of static stretching methods were compared by repeated measures ANOVA and post-hoc methods. Results: Differences between KU and SG15 (%5.1, KU and SG30 (%6.6 and KU and SG45 (%10.9 was significant (p<0.001. In addition significant difference was observed between SG15 and SG45 (p<0.032. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that static stretching application of lower extremities have negative impact on the 20m sprint performance. Longer sprint performances were observed as the duration of static stretching increases. These results indicate that static stretching applications were inadequate to prepare the athletes for the activities (such as sprinting which require high power production. Özet Amaç: Bu çalışmada farklı sürelerde (15, 30 ve 45 sn uygulanan statik germenin sürat performansına olan akut etkisinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem: Yirmi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor öğrencisi erkek sporcu (yaş 23,3 ± 2.0 yıl, boy 175,7 ± 5.8 cm, beden ağırlığı 67.6 ± 8.6 kg birbirini izlemeyen günlerde 4 farklı protokolü uygulamışlardır. Bu araştırma düşük yoğunluklu aerobik egzersizi takiben, 15 sn süreli statik germe (SG15, 30 sn süreli statik germe (SG30, 45 sn süreli statik germe (SG45 ve sadece düşük yoğunluklu aerobik egzersiz (KU

  19. Astmatisk senreaktion efter kontakt med epoxy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Authried, Georg; Al-Asadi, Haifaa; Møller, Ulla;

    2013-01-01

    Epoxy resin is a low molecular weight agent, which can cause both acute and delayed allergic reactions. However, it is known causing skin reactions with direct or airborne contact. Rarely it can cause airway reactions like asthma bronchiale. We describe a case of a windmill worker who developed...... delayed asthma bronchiale due to airborne contact with epoxy resin....

  20. Patientdeltagelse under rehabilitering efter en rygmarvsskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Angel, Sanne

    2010-01-01

    insight into patient participation. The ability and need for participation changed through the six-phased process of regaining meaning after a spinal cord injury; no will to participate, developing/generating strength to participate, need for participation and will to participate in decision......This paper investigates the patient's ability and need for participation during rehabilitation. The application of Ricoeur's phenomenological-hermeneutic interpretation theory with a narrative approach revealed that the rehabilitation process of 12 persons was successful in providing specific...

  1. Gastric blow-out: komplikation efter fedmekirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torrens, Ayoe Sabrina; Born, Pernille Wolder; Naver, Lars

    2009-01-01

    Laparoscopic gastric bypass is the most common type of surgery for morbid obesity in Denmark. The most frequent late complications after gastric bypass are ulcer, internal hernia and stenosis. Two cases of stenosis of the bileopancreatic limb with gastric blow-out are described. Urgent diagnosis...... with computed tomography and acute surgical treatment is vital as the complication can lead to gastric necrosis, pancreatitis, biliary stasis, sepsis and multi-organ failure within a very short time. Prompt contact to specialized surgeons is advocated. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov...

  2. Senfølger efter torsio testis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, L; Brasso, K; Kay, L; Wille-Jørgensen, P A

    1995-01-01

    Thirty-five patients were examined six to eleven years after having been operated for torsion of the testis. Loss of testicular tissue was significantly associated with long preoperative duration of symptoms and with a low postoperative spermcount. No indications of autoimmunization affecting...

  3. Ældres skadestuehenvendelser efter fald

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirchhoff, Marianne; Bregnbak, Michael J; Backe, Hanne; Hendriksen, Carsten; Obel, Kirsten

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of this retrospective study was to quantify and characterize contacts to the acute emergency department due to fall accidents among elderly aged 65 years and above at H:S Hvidovre hospital in Copenhagen during a three-month period. Data on demographics, injuries and admission...... contact were included. Via a central database the use of emergency department, admissions to hospital and mortality during the next six months were monitored. RESULTS: During the three-month period, 535 elderly persons (582 visits) were seen in the acute emergency department because of a fall. Of these...... because of a fall. About half of the elderly returning home directly from hospital have no planned follow-up. A more structured assessment and collaboration between hospital and primary health care is needed in order to prevent further falls among the elderly. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Nov-3...

  4. Perinealsarskomplikationer efter praeoperativ stralebehandling for rectumcancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aldulaymi, B.H.; Mohammad, W.A.; Jess, P.

    2008-01-01

    . CONCLUSION: Preoperative radiotherapy for rectal cancer is an effective treatment modality in locally advanced rectum cancer but it carries a high risk of perineal wound complications. Alternative procedures to primary perineal wound closure should therefore be considered for these patients Udgivelsesdato......INTRODUCTION: Every year, approximately 1200 new cases of rectal cancer are registered in Denmark. Preoperative radiation therapy alone or in combination with chemotherapy (chemo-radiation) is a gold standard in the treatment of patients with T3 and T4 tumours. Although it carries a good response...... cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the period from 2001 to 2005, a total of 49 patients with rectum cancer underwent abdominoperineal excision with primary wound closure. Of these patients, 17 had preoperative radiotherapy. RESULTS: There was a significantly higher incidence of major wound complications...

  5. Kronisk ileus efter iatrogen reversering af tyndtarmen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mark Ellebaek; Rahr, Hans B; Mahdi, Bassam;

    2010-01-01

    We report a case of inadvertent reversal of the entire small intestine leading to severe complications and long-standing ileus. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging and laparotomy. The patient was cured by surgical re-reversal of the bowel. Care should be taken to mark...

  6. Pa spaning efter Big Bang i underjorden

    CERN Multimedia

    Granström, Helena

    2008-01-01

    The LHC will start this summer; an accelerator placed in a 27km long annel. The machine will collide particles in order to test the theory of dark matter, dark energy and supersymmetry. We will get to know much more, but maybe understand even less. (4 pages)

  7. Graviditet i uteruscikatricen efter tidligere sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Kathrine Birch; Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Krebs, Lone; Hartwell, Dorthe; Hoffmann, Elise

    2010-01-01

    Rarely, but with increasing frequency, we detect pregnancies within the uterine scar of a prior Caesarean section. These ectopic pregnancies entail a risk of severe bleeding and uterine rupture, and thus constitute a threat to the pregnant woman's life, underlining the necessity of awareness about...

  8. Plastkirurgi efter stort vægttab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winge, Rikke; Henriksen, Trine Foged; Printzlau, Andreas; Hølmich, Lisbet Rosenkrantz

    2014-01-01

    Post bariatric body contouring in Denmark is currently a field under development. The scope of this article is to give an overview of existing plastic surgery techniques being used to treat patients with massive weight loss, as well as the current indications for patient referral. Furthermore, we...

  9. Plastikkirurgi efter stort vægttab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winge, Rikke; Henriksen, Trine Foged; Printzlau, Andreas; Hülmich, Lisbet

    2014-01-01

    Post bariatric body contouring in Denmark is currently a field under development. The scope of this article is to give an overview of existing plastic surgery techniques being used to treat patients with massive weight loss, as well as the current indications for patient referral. Furthermore, we...

  10. Spor efter guldsmede fra vikingetiden i Viborg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Hans Krongaard

    1989-01-01

    Fund af digler og en patrice til produktion af guldsmedearbejde af høj karat. Patrice til det ene Hornelundspænde.......Fund af digler og en patrice til produktion af guldsmedearbejde af høj karat. Patrice til det ene Hornelundspænde....

  11. ST-elevations-myokardieinfarkt efter terapeutisk adrenalininjektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davidsen, Jesper Rømhild; Lambrechtsen, Jess; Egstrup, Kenneth

    2006-01-01

    in the ECG. Plasma TnT and CK-MB were raised. A coronary angiography revealed a 66% stenosis of RCA. This patient had an asymptomatic RCA stenosis that probably became symptomatic due to coronary artery spasm related to adrenaline injection and thereby presented symptoms and signs of AMI....

  12. Patienttilfredshed efter bariatrisk og postbariatrisk kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Lotte; Roessler, Kirsten Kaya; Rose, Michael;

    2015-01-01

    Surgical treatment of obesity has led to a large group of patients with massive weight loss. The massive weight loss results in excessive skin, which leads to pain, skin problems, cosmetic discomfort and psychosocial issues. The impact on quality of life of bariatric and body contouring surgery can...

  13. Røntgenstereometrisk analyse efter total knaealloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Therbo, Matthias; Lund, Bjarne

    2009-01-01

    In 1974 Selvik introduced marker-based roentgenographic stereogrammetric analysis (RSA), a highly accurate technique for measuring three-dimensional migration of orthopaedic implants. Novel, promising, user-friendly, fast and in some cases noninvasive RSA techniques (model-based RSA, image......-based RSA and fluoroscopic RSA) have been developed, and some have recently been validated. However, the most reliable RSA technique so far is marker-based RSA. A standardization protocol for RSA studies is required. In the future, implant-testing using RSA should be used routinely in selected Danish...

  14. Ventrikelperforation efter indtagelse af flydende kvaelstof

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Anders Riegels; Nielsen, Casper; Christensen, Peter

    2009-01-01

    A 28-year-old male was admitted to hospital with severe abdominal distension and subcutaneous emphysema after ingesting 15 ml liquid nitrogen to produce an impressive burp. A rupture of the stomach at the lesser curvature was sutured by laparotomy. Peroperative gastroscopy showed no signs of cold...

  15. Primaer brystrekonstruktion efter mastektomi for cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elberg, J J; Blichert-Toft, M; Drzewiecki, K T

    1995-01-01

    investigations indicate that primary reconstruction results in a clearly reduced postoperative psychological stress, whereas the extent of social and sexual sequelae seems not to vary when compared to results of secondary reconstruction. Conditions for adjuvant treatment as well as for follow-up concerning loco...

  16. Livstruende haemorrhagia per rectum postoperativt efter appendektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, M A; Lindholt, Jes Sanddal

    1994-01-01

    A case of life-threatening haemorrhage nine days after appendicectomy is described in a 51 year old previously healthy man. Coecotomy revealed a bleeding artery near the invaginated appendiceal stump. The bleeding artery was presumably an intramural branch to the appendix from the posterior coeca...... artery that had not been included in the primary appendiceal ligature. This artery was presumably electrocoagulated during the appendicectomy but bleeding ensued when the coagulated tissue sloughed....

  17. Udvikling af posttraumatisk stress efter alvorlige arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, O; Rasmussen, K; Hansen, O N;

    1999-01-01

    The diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) employed by the American DSM-IV from 1994 and ICD-10 from 1993 are reviewed. The literature concerning PTSD, with particular focus on PTSD in relation to occupational accidents, is discussed. A single epidemiological study of the...... occurrence of PTSD following serious nonfatal occupational accidents reports a one to two years prevalence of PTSD of 4.3%. Physicians and safety and health organisations within companies should be aware of the potential for the occurrence of acute and chronic stress conditions following occupational...

  18. Pseudomonas-follikulitis efter badning i spabad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uldall Pallesen, Kristine Appel; Andersen, Klaus Ejner; Mørtz, Charlotte Gotthard

    2012-01-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a rare cause of folliculitis. Pseudomonas folliculitis can develop after contact with contaminated water from swimming pools, hot tubs and spa baths. Systemic therapy may be indicated in patients with widespread lesions, systemic symptoms or in immunosuppressed patients....... We describe a 23-year-old healthy woman who developed a pustular rash and general malaise after using a spa bath contaminated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Bacterial culture from a pustule confirmed Pseudomonas folliculitis and the patient was treated with ciprofloxacin with rapid good effect....

  19. Rekonvalescens og sygemelding efter operation for lyskebrok

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bay-Nielsen, Morten; Bisgaard, Thue

    2009-01-01

    leisure activities and development of complications. The literature provides no evidence to support an increased risk of recurrence with early resumption of physical activity after inguinal hernia repair. Patients should be encouraged to resume full activities immediately after surgery, only limited by...

  20. Recovery efter depression. Er det muligt?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leegaard Jepsen, Stine; Aagaard, Hanne

    2015-01-01

    is transcribed, analyzed and interpreted in the hermeneutic tradition. Findings: Four main themes were identified: 1) Experience of living through depression, 2) Experience of help and addiction, 3) Experience of redefinition of one’s own (illness) identity and 4) Experience and definition of recovery...

  1. Spontan bilateral ekstrauterin graviditet efter kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Jesper Friis; Ekelund, Charlotte; Settnes, Annette

    2015-01-01

    We describe a rare case of bilateral tubal pregnancy following natural conception in a woman with no other known risk factor than two former caesarean sections. Intraabdominal adhesions following the caesarean sections complicated the salpingectomy thus diminishing certainty of a healthy...

  2. Pertrokantaer stressfraktur efter kondiløb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    al-Aubaidi, Zaid T J; Lind, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    We describe a case of pertrochanteric stress fracture in a 62-year-old woman due to a sudden increase in medium distance running. Symptoms started after 11 weeks. The diagnosis was made six months after debut of symptoms. The x-ray revealed a pertrochanteric fracture which had healed in 105 degrees...

  3. Toksisk hepatitis efter indtagelse af kosttilskuddet purshianabark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claire; Semb, Synne; Kromann-Andersen, Hans

    2009-01-01

    Herbal medicinal products can cause toxic hepatitis. This case report presents a patient who developed severe toxic hepatitis with beginning liver failure following four weeks of consumption of the herbal medicinal product Cascara Sagrada. A similar case was reported from the United States. Cascara...

  4. Maksilrekonstruktion med stilket temporalislap efter maksillektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lambertsen, Karin; Bundgaard, Troels

    2009-01-01

    maxilla using pedicle temporalis muscle flap at the ENT department, Aarhus University Hospital. Follow-up was implemented in 2007. Twenty-seven of 28 patients alive at the time of the follow-up participated in the study. The patients were evaluated objectively as well as subjectively by answering the...... EORTC's standard questionnaire concerning quality of life and functional results. RESULTS: Few patients had complaints and these where mostly minor functional deficits. The most common complaints were slightly impaired mouth opening. One temporalis muscle flap necrotized and was removed. Three patients...

  5. At Lede Efter Læring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    slagmark, hvor forskellige forandringsambitioner tager livtag med hinanden. Ved at relatere til Harry Potter 5 (som handler om en skolereform), Max Weber og andre interessante værker og forfattere, slår vi til lyd for at skolen må gen-politiseres. Det nytter ikke at én ideologisk dagsorden tager patent på...

  6. Overtagelsesværn efter Volkswagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer, hvilken betydning EF-domstolens dom om virkningerne af reglerne om kapitalens frie bevægelighed for overtagelsesværnene i Volkswagen AG  har for stemmeretsbegrænsning, ejerloft, opdeling i A- og B-aktier, forhøjede majoritetskrav mv. i børsnoterede selskaber...

  7. Hypotyroidisme efter operation for struma ovarii

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zikkenheimer, Marjoes; Hertz, Jens

    2013-01-01

    Struma ovarii is a rare tumour, most commonly found as part of a mature cystic teratoma (dermoid cyst). The thyroid tissue component comprises more than 50% of the total mass. Struma ovarii is often asymptomatic and found accidentally; it might, however, present symptoms like other ovarian tumours...

  8. Mave-tarm-funktion efter kolecystektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, Jüri J

    2005-01-01

    Randomized studies of the physiological and clinical consequences of cholecystectomy for uncomplicated gallbladder stones are very scarce. Bile acid malabsorption is increased postoperatively, probably giving rise to diarrhea in a few sensitive individuals. Preexisting abdominal distension and fat...

  9. Funktion af neoblaere hos kvinder efter cystektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bigum, Lene Hyldgaard; Jensen, Jørgen Bjerggaard; Jensen, Klaus Møller-Ernst;

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Since 1999, Rigshospitalet (RH) and Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby (SKS) have been offering women an orthotopic neobladder following cystectomy. The aim of the present study was to describe the function of the neobladders in women by examining continence and voiding function...

  10. Bilateral akillesseneruptur efter behandling med ciprofloxacin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Attarzadeh, Amir Pasha; Ryge, Camilla

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of spontaneous non-traumatic bilateral rupture of the Achilles tendons following ciprofloxacin treatment. A 54-year-old man presented with spontaneous Achilles tendon rupture on the left side, tendinitis and partial tear on the right side following few days of treatment with...... ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice daily and long-term treatment with prednisolon 10 mg once daily. This rare side effect caused by concurrent treatment with steroids and ciprofloxacin should be kept in mind. Any signs of tendinitis following this treatment should arouse the physicians' suspicion towards ciprofloxacin....

  11. Akut dissemineret encefalomyelitis er en vigtig differentialdiagnose hos det akut påvirkede barn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olofsson, Isa Amalie; Skov, Liselotte; Miranda, Maria Jose

    Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an immune-mediated inflammatory paediatric disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). ADEM primarily affects the white matter of the brain and spinal cord. The aetiology of ADEM is unknown, but the illness is often precipitated by an infection, less...

  12. Long-term results after recanalization of acute and subacute thrombotic occlusions of the infra-aortic arteries and bypass-grafts using a rotational thrombectomy device; Langzeitergebnisse nach Rekanalisation akuter und subakuter thrombotischer arterieller Verschluesse der unteren Extremitaeten mit einem Rotations-Thrombektomiekatheter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeller, T.; Frank, U.; Buergelin, K.; Schwarzwaelder, U.; Horn, B.; Fluegel, P.C.; Neumann, F.J. [Sektion Angiologie am Herz-Zentrum, Bad Krozingen (Germany)

    2002-12-01

    unchanged high restenosis of stented arteries and bypass-grafts. (orig.) [German] Ziel der Arbeit: Untersuchung der Primaer- und Langzeitergebnisse nach Rekanalisation thrombotischer Verschluesse arterieller Nativgefaesse, gestenteter Arterien und Bypassgrafts mit einem Rotations-Thrombektomie-Kathetersystem (Straub-Rotarex{sup TM}). Material und Methoden: Zwischen Juli 2000 und Februar 2002 erfolgten 100 Gefaessrekanalisationen bei 98 Patienten (64% maennlich, mittleres Alter 66{+-}9 [47-90 ] Jahre, mittleres Verschlussalter 31{+-}33 [0-140] Tage, mittlere Verschlusslaenge 21{+-}11 [2-40] cm). 42% der Interventionen wurden innerhalb von 14 Tagen nach Symptombeginn durchgefuehrt (akute Verschluesse). Verteilung der nach dem TASC-Protokoll modifizierten SVS/ISCVS-Klassifikation fuer akute Verschluesse: Klasse I: 22 (52%); Klasse II a: 13 (32%); Klasse II b: 6 (14%); Klasse III: 1 (2%). Einteilung der subakuten und chronischen Verschluesse nach Rutherford (58%): Stadium 1: n=5 (9%); Stadium 2 und 3: n=39 (68%); Stadium 4: n=6 (10%); Stadium 5: n=8 (13%). Ergebnisse: Die primaere Erfolgsrate betrug 96% (ipsilaterale Intervention 99%, cross-over 40%). Die Restenoserate nach einem mittleren Follow-up von 13{+-}4 Monaten betrug 33% fuer die Rekanalisation von Nativgefaessen (Gruppe 1), 74% fuer Instentreverschluesse (Gruppe 2) und 86% fuer Bypassverschluesse (Gruppe 3). Es traten 3% bedeutsame Komplikationen auf: Zwei Unterschenkelamputationen nach nicht erfolgreicher Bypass- bzw. Nativarterien-Rekanalisation, ein Todesfall im Multiorganversagen bei praeinterventionell bereits bestehendem kardiogenen Schock. Weitere 16 Komplikationen konnten periinterventionell geloest werden. Der TBQ verbesserte sich signifikant (von 0,37{+-}0,19 auf 0,82{+-}0,22 vor Entlassung, 0,70{+-}0,21 nach 12 Monaten, p<0,001). Zusammenfassung: Der Straub-Rotarex{sup TM}-Katheter eignet sich zur Behandlung akuter und subakuter arterieller und Bypass-Verschluesse der unteren Extremitaeten. Vielversprechend

  13. Primary argon laser trabeculoplasty in the treatment of glaucoma; A resource saving treatment. Primaer lasertrabekuloplastikk ved glaukom; En resurssparende behandling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Odberg, T. (Hamar Regional Hospital (Norway))

    1990-11-01

    During the last ten years, argon laser trabeculoplasty has been shown to be a very useful tool in the treatment of glaucoma when medical therapy has failed. In the present study laser was used as primary therapy in 27 patients with newly detected glaucoma. Pretreatment with topical timolol gave an immediate pressure drop in all eyes, and the dreaded actue pressure rise after laser treatment was avoided. Upon follow-up examination after two years, more than half the patients had an intraocular pressure below 21 mm Hg without additional therapy. Primary laser trabeculoplasty was found to be a safe and time-saving procedure. Expenses and complications associated with medical therapy are reduced. Many patients may avoid lifelong daily instillation of eye drops. 11 refs., 2 tabs.

  14. Therapie akuter Wunden mit wassergefiltertem Infrarot A (wIRA)

    OpenAIRE

    Hartel, M; Illing, P; Mercer, JB; Lademann, J.; Daeschlein, G; Hoffmann, G.

    2007-01-01

    Water-filtered infrared-A (wIRA) as a special form of heat radiation with a high tissue penetration and with a low thermal load to the skin surface acts both by thermal and thermic as well as by non-thermal and non-thermic effects. wIRA produces a therapeutically usable field of heat in the tissue and increases tissue temperature, tissue oxygen partial pressure, and tissue perfusion. These three factors are decisive for a sufficient tissue supply with energy and oxygen and consequently as wel...

  15. Akut pancreatitis forårsaget af galdesten i barnealderen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zachariassen, G; Saffar, D F; Mortensen, J

    1999-01-01

    A 10 year-old girl presented with acute abdominal pain. Serum-amylase was 3959 U/l. Ultrasonography showed dilatation of both the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct and a high density area near the ampulla. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) verified a stone near the ampulla, which...

  16. Çocukta akut patella osteomiyeliti (olgu sunumu)

    OpenAIRE

    Talu, Ufuk; Altinel, Levent; Boynuk, Burak

    2004-01-01

    Acute osteomyelitis of the patella is rarely seen in pediatric population compared to adults. False or delayed diagnosis is possible because of the mild onset of symptoms at presentation. Here we present a six year old boy with acute osteomyelitis of the patella. The pathologic process was very well documented by plain radiographs, CT and MRI and recovery was very quick and uneventful after medical and surgical treatment which should adhere to the general principles of treatment for bone and ...

  17. Billeddiagnostisk håndtering af akut lungeemboli i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Poul Henning; Hess, Søren; Jørgensen, Henrik Boel; Høilund-Carlsen, Poul Flemming

    2005-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Acute pulmonary embolism is a frequently occurring disease that is associated with a high mortality rate. Accurate diagnosis is essential, but the condition is often misdiagnosed. National and international guidelines do not agree on which imaging modality is preferable for making the...... diagnosis. Our objective was to determine what the diagnostic method of choice in Denmark is. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a survey in 30 hospital departments in Denmark regarding the primary imaging procedure for patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. These departments represented various types...

  18. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis and Menière's disease cause most cases of acute vertigo. However, doctors must consider central neurological reasons to vertigo. If it is determined that a patient has oto-neurological vertigo, the next task is to determine whether...

  19. Akut smertebehandling af stofbrugere i substitutionsbehandling med metadon eller buprenorfin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zinck, Louise; Sonne, Nan M; Madsen, Sidsel Lægdsgaard; Nikolajsen, Lone

    2015-01-01

    In Denmark, approximately 7,600 patients receive maintenance therapy with methadone or buprenorphine because of opioid addiction. These patients have an increased risk of inadequate pain treatment during hospitalization, among others because of tolerance to opioids and poor communication with the...... staff. The present article describes four common misconceptions among health-care providers that underlie inadequate pain treatment and provides practical recommendations for the analgesic management of acute pain in patients receiving methadone or buprenorphine....

  20. Fælles Akut Modtagelse- i et organisations- og ledelsesperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Petersen, Kristoffer; Hornskov, Maja; Dansgaard, Peter Ulrik; Glahn, Kasper; Pedersen, Hans Jakob

    2012-01-01

    This report examines the design and implementation of the Joint Acute Wards (JAW) at the Hospital of South Jutland. JAW is a new way to organize a hospital ward, which focuses on interdisciplinary and team organization. The main research question is: How has the hospital management handled the managerial and organizational challenges related to the establishment of JAW at the Hospital of South Jutland? To answer our main research question Complexity Leadership Theory and Leawitts organization...

  1. Stresshyperglykaemi hos et barn med svaer akut gastroenteritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Jesper V.

    2002-01-01

    A case of a two years and ten months old girl with severe acute gastroenteritis, dehydration, and hyperglycaemia is described. Transient hyperglycaemia is a common clinical finding in children under stress. We discuss the distinction between hyperglycaemia as a prediabetic state and that as a...

  2. Erythropoietin Produktion bei akuter und chronischer obstruktiven Nephropathie

    OpenAIRE

    Tawosh, Ammar

    2008-01-01

    EPO is a circulating hormon that stimulates erythrocyte generation in bone marrow. EPO is secreted by the kidney and its production is stimulated following hypoxic stimuli. Little is known about the influence of obtructive nephropathy on hypoxia-stimulated EPO production. Therefore, we established a model of obstructive nephropathy (ONP) by unilateral ureteral ligation (UUL) in rats which were subjected to CO and hypobaric hypoxia (8% O2). We also tested the reversibility of UUL on EPO plasma...

  3. Akut fosfatnefropati som komplikation til udrensning med oral natriumfosfat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Colic, Edin; Marcussen, Niels

    2011-01-01

    Acute phosphate nephropathy (APhN) has recently been identified as a reason for acute and subsequently chronic renal failure, following exposure to the oral sodium phosphate bowel purgatives. Renal biopsies show acute and chronic tubular injury with calcium phosphate deposits. A case of biopsy......-proven APhN is described. The choice of bowel purgatives should be individualised with respect to the risk factors for development of APhN....

  4. Iltbehandling ved akut eksacerbation af kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, Thomas; Lange, Peter; Mogensen, Torben;

    2008-01-01

    Acute exacerbation of COPD is a major cause of hospitalisation in Denmark. Most of the patients require supplemental oxygen in the acute phase and some patients continue oxygen therapy at home after discharge. In this paper we discuss the physiological mechanisms of respiratory failure seen in...... acute exacerbations of COPD. The principles for oxygen therapy in the acute phase are described and recommendations for oxygen therapy are suggested....

  5. Cricoideatryk a.m. Sellick ved akut anaestesiindledning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrøm, Henrik Bitz; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    Since Brian Sellick introduced the cricoid pressure in 1961, it has become standard practice for the rapid sequence intubation. The manoeuvre has a high priority and is recommended maintained even during difficult intubation. In this review the lack of evidence for the aspiration-reducing effect ...

  6. Parvovirus B19-akut hepatitis hos immunkompetent patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lykke

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a case of acute hepatitis in an adult person without subsequent complications caused by parvovirus B19 (PVB19). The diagnosis was made by detection of PVB19 IgM and IgG antibody in the blood using ELISA. There was not made any affirmative polymerase chain reaction for DNA...

  7. Akut myokardieinfarkt associeret til mindre fysisk traume mod brystkassen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Khédri; Mickley, H

    2001-01-01

    A case of acute myocardial infarction associated with a mild blunt thoracic trauma in a 60-year-old woman with normal coronary angiography is described. The underlying potential pathophysiological mechanisms are discussed. Lastly, the clinical and practical consequences of the new consensus...... document for the redefinition of acute myocardial infarction are briefly commented on. Udgivelsesdato: 2001-Nov-26...

  8. STRES AKUT KARENA BISING SEBAGAI PENYEBAB TERJADINYA XEROSTOMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilda Hafny Lubis

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In general annoyance of noise appears after many years of exposure. The speeds of disturbance depend on level of noise, impulsive component and duration of exposure, personal sensitivity that unknown characteristic. Noise belonging to acute stress needs short period to occur different from sorrow that takes long period. Stress will activate the regulator nerve and maintain intern environment to creates the homeostasis. Stress condition in long period will influence hormonal system, autonomic system until the exhaustion stadium and a few emotional expressive will be fixed for example dry mouth. Stress will also influence immune system so it is not effective to destroy the virus, microorganism and irregular cell that finally cause oral diseases.

  9. Værdien af arbejdstest ved akut koronart syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H; Madsen, J K

    2001-01-01

    . An invasive strategy is warranted in patients who continue to have angina and exhibit significant ST-segment depression in the exercise-ecg or reversible defects on perfusion scintigraphy. Based on the results of a recent, large scale randomized study, patients with unstable angina or acute non......-Q-wave infarction appear to benefit from an early invasive treatment strategy--regardless of the results of a preceding exercise test. Udgivelsesdato: 2001-Jan-29...

  10. Akut Pankreatitte Atipik Prezentasyon: Normal Amilaz Düzeyi

    OpenAIRE

    Demirci, Hakan; POLAT, Zülfikar; Kantarcıoğlu, Murat; Öztürk, Kadir; Sakin, Yusuf Serdar; Uygun, Ahmet; Bağcı, Sait

    2014-01-01

    Acute pancreatitis is a paranchymal inflamatory disease of the pancreas. According to the clinical presentation, pancreatitis is divided into two groups; mild (edematous) and severe (necrotizing) pancreatitis. Gall stones and alcohol use are the most common etiologic reasons. Hypertriglyceridemia is a rare etiological factor in non-biliary pancreatitis. Serum amylase levels may be at normal ranges in acute pancreatitis due to hypertriglyceridemia. Radiological screening and serum lipase level...

  11. Neurologiske symptomer og akut hepatitis associeret til parvovirus B19

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giørtz-Carlsen, Birgitte; Rittig, Søren; Thelle, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    The spectrum of symptoms correlated to parvovirus B19 infections has expanded greatly during the past years. We report a case of anaemia, encephalitis-like symptoms and acute hepatitis in a 15-months-old Danish girl associated with parvovirus B19, verified by positive serum IgM og IgG antibodies...

  12. Endoftalmitis er en akut synstruende øjensygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydkjær-Olsen, Ulrik; Sriskandarajah, Srishamanthi; Sjølie, Anne Katrin

    2011-01-01

    Endophthalmitis is one of the most serious and most dreaded complications in ophthalmology. It is most often seen as a complication to intraocular surgery and especially after cataract surgery. Approximately 90% of the cases of endophthalmitis are caused by bacteria. Symptoms and signs may include...

  13. Acute injury of the ankle joint; Akutes Trauma des Sprunggelenks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breitenseher, M.J. [Univ. Klinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Abt. fuer Osteologie und Besondere Klinische Einrichtung Magnet Resonanz, AKH, Wien (Austria)]|[Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institut fuer Radiologisch-Physikalische Tumordiagnostik, Vienna (Austria)

    1999-01-01

    The diagnosis of lateral collateral ankle ligament trauma is based on patient history, clinical examination, and clinical stress tests. If the clinical stress test is positive, stress radiography could be performed. There is no consensus about the usefulness of stress radiography in acute ankle sprain, particularly about the cut-off talar tilt angle beyond which a two-ligament rupture would be certain, ranging from 5 to 30 . Today MRI is not used for this indication, although it allows, with controlled positioning of the foot and with defined sections, visualization of injured lateral collateral ankle ligaments. In ankle injuries, plain radiographs form the established basis of diagnostic imaging and can provide definitive answers in most cases. CT is used in complex fractures for complete visualization. MRI is the method of choice for several diagnostic problem cases, including occult fractures and post-traumatic avascular necrosis. In tendon injuries, MRI is important if ultrasound is not diagnostic. Generally, for the evaluation of acute ankle injuries, MRI is the most important second-step procedure when radiographs are nondiagnostic. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Diagnose einer lateralen Bandverletzung beim frischen Sprunggelenkstrauma fusst auf der Anamnese, der klinischen Untersuchung und klinischen Stresstests. Bei positiven klinischen Stresstests kann eine Stressradiographie durchgefuehrt werden. Es gibt keine Uebereinstimmung fuer den Wert der Stressradiographie beim frischen Supinationstrauma des Sprunggelenks, insbesonders fuer den Winkel der Aufklappbarkeit bei einer Zweibandverletzung, der von 5 -30 reicht. Die MRT wird zur Zeit bei dieser Indikation nur in Einzelfaellen benutzt, obwohl sie mit definierter Fusspositionierung und Ausrichtung der Untersuchungsebene eine ausgezeichnete Beurteilung der Sprunggelenksbaende erlaubt. Bei knoecherner Sprunggelenksverletzungen ist die Verwendung des konventionellen Roentgen die etablierte Methode und meist diagnostisch. Die CT kommt bei komplexen Frakturen zum Einsatz, um das gesamte Frakturausmass darzustellen. Die MRT ist die Methode der Wahl bei verschiedenen Problemfaellen wie okkulter Fraktur oder posttraumatischer Osteonekrose. Bei Sehnenverletzungen ist die MRT wichtig, falls eine Ultraschalluntersuchung nicht zur Diagnose fuehrt. Allgemein entwickelt sich bei der Untersuchung der frischen Sprunggelenksverletzung die MRT zur zweitwichtigsten bildgebenden Methode, falls das konventionelle Roentgen zu keiner ausreichenden Diagnose kommt. (orig.)

  14. Ergoterapeutiske ADL-indsatser på akut psykiatrisk hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristina Tomra; Petersen, Rikke; Decker, Lone

    2015-01-01

    Det første kapitel i bogen omhandler ADL-begrebet såvel på engelsk som dansk og præsenterer relevante definitioner i et historisk samt tværfagligt og ergoterapeutisk perspektiv. I de efterfølgende kapitler får man et godt indtryk af, hvordan der arbejdes med ADL bredt set, og hvilke metoder og re...

  15. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis and Menière's disease cause most cases of acute vertigo. However, doctors must consider central neurological reasons to vertigo. If it is determined that a patient has oto-neurological vertigo, the next task is to determine whether the...... patient has a peripheral or a central cause of vertigo, if the condition is potentially lethal and if there is a need for acute radiological imaging and/or medical intervention. This review highlights the oto-neurological approach to the dizzy patient with particular focus on the patient's history...

  16. PENELITIAN TOKSISITAS AKUT NATRIUM NITRIT PADA HEWAN UJI TIKUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Endreswari

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The acute toxicity study of sodium nitrite in the period of observation for 14 days has been carried out on adult male and female rats. The substance was administered orally iu the form of solution in distilled water. Each animal was observed carefully for six hours after administration, continued twice daily for 1.4 days, those including general appearance, body weight changes, signs of toxicity mortality and gross pathology finding. The signs of toxicity were tremor, ataxia and convulsion; mortalities were occurred in about two hours after administration. Some animal recovered after two - four hours. The LD50 in male mice was 121 (86,6-169,4 mg/kg b.w., in female was 116 (86-155.4 mg/kg b.w. Based on the LD50 value, sodium nitrite is classified as moderately toxic substances.

  17. Udvikling af opticusneuropati efter beskedent øjentraume

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maria Rene; Gade, Else

    2014-01-01

    trauma of his left lower eyelid when he fell with a bamboo stick. Vision loss was not detected until ten days after the accident, where there were no light perception and a relative afferent pupillary defect. We attributed the vision loss to TON and no treatment was given. Within months optic disc pallor...

  18. Langtidskomplikationer efter injektion af permanent vaevsfylder i laeber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sneistrup, Christian; Hölmich, Lisbet Rosenkrantz; Dahlstrøm, Karin

    2009-01-01

    We present two cases with signs of infection and granulomas seen years after injection of permanent fillers to the lips. These side effects are difficult to treat. They resemble an immunological foreign body response and late-onset infection as well as granuloma and scaring depending on the subst...

  19. Forum for godtgørelse efter urimelig opsigelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen behandler kompetenceafgrænsningen mellem domstolene og de fagretlige organer, som på det ansættelses- og arbejdsretlige område giver anledning til betydelige vanskeligheder. Der er inden for de seneste år afsagt en række domme om godtgørelseskrav for urimelig opsigelse, som bidrager til ...

  20. Usurering af osteosyntesemateriale gennem øsofagus efter anterior cervikalkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiis, Julie Therese; Nittby, Henrietta Carolina; Lauritsen, Anne Oberg

    can give false negative results. We present a case of a 74-year-old male, who was readmitted with sepsis and abscess in the operation area three weeks after anterior cervical surgery. Veillonella parvula was found in the abscess material and computed tomography confirmed the diagnosis of oesophageal...

  1. Genoptræning efter brystkræftkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kronborg Poulsen, Lise; Høgdal, Nina; Sørensen, Lisbeth Villemoes;

    2011-01-01

    The short- and long-term benefits of post-discharge physiotherapy regimens after breast cancer surgery are debatable. A national survey in Denmark performed at hospitals and municipal rehabilitation clinics showed considerable variability in post-breast surgery rehabilitation regimens. As hospital...

  2. Fasciitis necroticans efter artroskopi af præpatellar bursitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlesinger, NH; Friis-Møller, Alice; Hvolris, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening soft tissue infection in superficial and deep fascias. NF is most often caused by mixed aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. The treatment is early and aggressive surgical debridement, antibiotics and hyperbaric oxygen. In this case description, a nearl...

  3. Perforation af rectum med faekal peritonitis efter staplet haemorideoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beuke, Anna-Christina; Pedersen, Mark Ellebaek; Qvist, Niels

    2008-01-01

    Rectal perforation and faecal peritonitis after stapled operation for grade IV haemorrhoids is described. The complication is rare, but surgeons performing the procedure must be familiar with potential risk factors.......Rectal perforation and faecal peritonitis after stapled operation for grade IV haemorrhoids is described. The complication is rare, but surgeons performing the procedure must be familiar with potential risk factors....

  4. Kort vs. lang hospitalisering efter hofte- og knaealloplastik. II

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Hansen, Hans Christian; Holm, Gitte; Bach-Dal, Charlotte; Rud, Kirsten; Andersen, Ola Kristoffer Lande; Kehlet, Henrik

    2006-01-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate hospital stays for patients operated on with primary total hip- and knee-arthroplasty (THA and TKA) in order to identify important logistical and clinical areas for the duration of the hospital stay....

  5. Patientens upplevelser efter brytpunktssamtal vid obotlig cancersjukdom : En litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Dahlström, Johan; Svensson, Kristoffer

    2012-01-01

    Bakgrund: Varje dag får patienter ta emot besked om obotlig cancersjukdom. År 2011 diagnostiserades över 55 000 människor med obotlig cancer vilket visar att brytpunktsamtal kring obotlig cancersjukdom är en del av vårdens vardag samt berör många patienter. Traditionellt sett har förmedlandet av obotliga cancerbesked, infattande diagnos och prognos, ansetts vara en uppgift för läkaren. Det multiprofessionella arbetet som idag präglar vården gör att även andra yrkeskategorier, däribland sjuksk...

  6. Menière-lignende symptomer efter meningeom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Morten; Klokker, Mads; Fugleholm, Kåre

    2010-01-01

    A 36-year-old woman who presented with a right sided hearing loss, tinnitus and attacks of dizziness was initially diagnosed with Ménière's disease. A meningioma was found along the posterior surface of the petrosal bone, centred partly on the external aperture of the vestibular aqueduct with no ......A 36-year-old woman who presented with a right sided hearing loss, tinnitus and attacks of dizziness was initially diagnosed with Ménière's disease. A meningioma was found along the posterior surface of the petrosal bone, centred partly on the external aperture of the vestibular aqueduct...... with no relation to the meatal canal. Removal of the meningial tumour improved the hearing but Ménière's-like symptoms recurred after 18 months despite surgery. Ménière's-like symptoms could hypothetically be caused by changes of the endolymphatic duct or the vein of the vestibular aqueduct....

  7. Lungeødem efter kontrastindgift som led i koronarangiografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plambech, Morten; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2012-01-01

    Adverse reactions to radiographic contrast media are relatively rare and occur with a frequency of 0.02-0.04%. We describe a case of isolated pulmonary oedema after computed tomography of the coronary arteries in a 51 year-old man. Initially anaphylaxis was suspected, but due to the clinical...

  8. Udvikling af trykpneumothorax efter seponering af pleuralt beliggende grisehalekateter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siegel, Hanna; Lauritsen, Anne Oberg

    2014-01-01

    Today, standard treatment of pleural effusion is ultrasound guided insertion of a pleural pigtail catheter. This procedure is known to have a low complication rate, but complications as pneumothorax, haemorrhage and infection are occurring. The most frequent complications are seen at the time of...

  9. Multiple tarmperforationer efter indtagelse af magnetisk legetøj

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlsen, Charlotte Green; Floyd, Andrea K; Lundhus, Eskild

    2007-01-01

    Ingestion of small foreign bodies is common in children, and usually does not cause any harm to the gastrointestinal tract. But ingestion of multiple magnets can be hazardous because of the strong attraction of the magnets through the bowel wall, which may lead to bowel wall necrosis and perforat...... perforation. We describe the case of a 6-year-old autistic boy who swallowed 4 magnets which led to bowel obstruction and 8 small perforations. It is important to be aware of this potential risk if children ingest small magnetic toys....

  10. Forskelle mellem hospitaler i prognose efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaergaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Rasmussen, Lars Simon;

    2009-01-01

    the patients admitted to hospital. Survival was determined using the Central Population Registry through Statistics Denmark. RESULTS: Patients admitted to a tertiary facility were younger, more frequently male, they had more commonly ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VF....../pVT) as their initial rhythm, and they had more frequently received bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Survival at 4.6 years was 41% in patients admitted to the tertiary hospital and 10% in patients admitted to other hospitals, p < 0.0001. After adjustment for other known risk factors, patients...... admitted to other hospitals had a hazard ratio of 1.8 for death (95% confidence interval: 1,4-2,5) compared with patients admitted to a tertiary facility. CONCLUSION: The survival rate after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest was significantly higher in patients admitted to a tertiary facility than among...

  11. Tegnets tid. Fortid, historie og historicitet efter den sproglige vending

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Dorthe Gert

    historieskrivningens sandhedsfordring. Her ud fra forskydes det snævre fokus på tegn, tekst og diskurs i den aktuelle historieteoretiske debat til spørgsmål om tid og “radikal historicitet”. Der indhentes eksempler fra nyere kulturhistorisk forskning, især fra den amerikanske New Historicism....

  12. 16-årig kvinde med multiorgandysfunktion efter HELLP

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauritz, Rasmus Wulff; Køhler, Flemming; Jørgensen, Jan Stener

    2010-01-01

    hypovolaemic shock. Blood sample values were critical and the patient was diagnosed with HELLP with DIC. She developed liver shock with encephalopathy and acute renal failure. Her condition stabilized on the 8th day of admission and the woman was extubated on the 16th day. She was discharged without...

  13. Scoringssystemer til vurdering af 30-dagesmortaliteten efter kolorektalcancerkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Degett, Thea Helene; Iversen, Lene Hjerrild; Gögenur, Ismail

    2015-01-01

    Portsmouth Physiolo-gical and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mor-tality (P-POSSUM) model and a revised Association of Colo-proctology of Great Britian and Ireland (ACPGBI) model are the most accurate predictors in colorectal cancer surgery. No scoring systems have been validated in the...

  14. Anafylaktisk shock efter intradermal injektion af steroidpræparat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Martin Willy; Zachariae, Claus Otto Carl; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2015-01-01

    Anaphylactic shock after intradermal injection of corticosteroid Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is a derivative of cellulose found in many food products, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Allergy to carboxymethylcellulose in parenteral corticosteroid preparations leading to anaphylaxis is rare, but has...

  15. Specialiserede tilbud til borgere med handicap - efter reformen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonfils, Inge Storgaard; Permin Berger, Nichlas

    Som en del af kommunalreformen fik kommunerne i 2007 det fulde ansvar for handicapområdet. AKF har i 2006-2010 undersøgt, hvilke forandringer brugere, medarbejdere og ledere på specialtilbuddene oplevede i forbindelse med reformen. Undersøgelsen viser, at brugerne kun har oplevet få eller ingen æ...

  16. Livskvalitet 2-7 år efter allogen stamcellstransplantation

    OpenAIRE

    Brander Gustafsson, Eva Carin; Sjöström, Maria; Skoglund, Anette

    2009-01-01

    This is an empirical cross-sectional study with the aim to examine the patient’s comprehension about their quality of life within two to seven years after their stem-cell transplantation with reference to physical, social, emotional, psychological and functional wellbeing and to investigate if the patient groups have disease specific problems. Differences in quality of life between men and women and also between allogeneic and stem cell transplantation with an unrelated donor (URD) were studi...

  17. Prognosen efter kurativ resektion af øvre gastrointestinal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fristrup, Claus Wilki; Kjærulf Pless, Torsten; Nielsen, Henning Overgaard;

    2008-01-01

    -term survival after curative resections for these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients referred for treatment of cancer of the oesophagus, stomach or pancreas were prospectively included. Data were registered with regard to pre-therapeutic examination and operative results. Deceased patients were found......INTRODUCTION: Cancer in the upper gastrointestinal tract has a poor prognosis and the best results are obtained by the few resectable patients. Earlier studies indicated that Danish survival might be inferior to that of other Scandinavian countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long...... by comparison with the Danish Central Personal Register in January 2007. RESULTS: A total of 398 patients were included, of whom 164 were found to be possibly resectable. In total 118 (30%) patients underwent complete surgical resection. The median survival period for patients with oesophageal cancer...

  18. Funktionel mitralinsufficiens efter His-ablation og pacemakerimplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Janna; Gill, Sabine

    2012-01-01

    We describe the case of a 63 year-old patient with normal ejection fraction and trivial mitral regurgitation, who developed severe functional mitral incompetence (FMI) with pulmonary oedema the day after uncomplicated His ablation and implantation of VVI pacemaker. Mitral annuloplasty was performed...... with acceptable but not optimal outcome. Mechanical dyssynchrony with altered timing of the complete mitral valve apparatus is considered to be the main reason of the FMI. Upgrading of the pace system to biventricular pacing has been shown to be successful in severe pacemaker induced FMI....

  19. Rekonvalescens efter praeoperativ fysisk traening ved elektiv kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Michael; Krogsgaard, Michael R; Magnusson, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Elective surgery is associated with decreased postoperative musculoskeletal function. High aerobic capacity and muscle strength prior to operation is associated with a shorter and more uncomplicated postoperative period. Pre-operative training as intervention has only showed very limited effect i...... relation to abdominal or alloplastic surgery, whereas strength and coordination training prior to operation has been shown to have a beneficial effect on postoperative movement function after reconstructive ligament surgery of the knee. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep......Elective surgery is associated with decreased postoperative musculoskeletal function. High aerobic capacity and muscle strength prior to operation is associated with a shorter and more uncomplicated postoperative period. Pre-operative training as intervention has only showed very limited effect in...

  20. Bilateral suprapubisk abscesdannelse fem år efter inkontinensoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Lenette; Sander, Pia; Lose, Gunnar

    2009-01-01

    recovery. As opposed to the macroporous types (e.g. tension-free vaginal tape), the microporous structure of the IVS-sling causes a higher rate of erosion and infection. Complete sling removal is important in case of IVS-complications. The monitoring of complications related to new medical devices is......This report presents a case of vaginal erosion and bilateral suprabupic abscesses five years after insertion of an intravaginal slingplasty (IVS) midurethral incontinence sling in a 53-year-old female patient. Partial removal was insufficient. After complete removal, the patient achieved full...

  1. Anastomoselaekage efter lav anterior resektion for cancer recti

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, S; Moesgaard, F A; Billesbølle, P; Harling, H; Holm, J; Madsen, M R; Myrhøj, T; Nymann, T; Okholm, M; Qvist, N; Riber, C

    1997-01-01

    A series of 377 consecutive patients were operated upon with low anterior resection for rectal cancer in the nine Danish departments of surgical gastroenterology during 1992-1993. A retrospective analysis was carried out to calculate the frequency of anastomotic leakage and to evaluate factors of...... a higher leakage rate (p = 0.02), whereas departments with a low number of rectal cancer surgeons had a low rate of anastomotic leakage (p = 0.02). In conclusion, the rather high frequency of anastomotic leakage calls for further clinical and pathogenetic research in this field. Until then, we...... recommend the routine use of a peroperative leakage test and selective use of prophylactic ostomy in cases of unsatisfactory anastomosis. Furthermore, it is recommended that low anterior resection for rectal cancer is limited to few surgeons in each department in order to ensure a uniform quality and...

  2. Bilateral nekrose af caput femoris efter brug af arbejdssele

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Nielsen, Reno E Tilgreen; Linnet, Jan A Rørgaard

    2002-01-01

    The case of a 42-year old man, who developed bilateral necrosis of the femoral head from traumatic causes is described. He hung in stirrups, working 4-6 hours a day decorating for three weeks, during which he complained of numbness, fatigue and radiating pain in both legs. X-rays and a bone scan ...

  3. Hjertestop efter pludseligt ophør med alkoholindtagelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnsen, Pia Hedegaard; Christensen, Martin Kirk; Jensen, Svend Eggert

    2014-01-01

    Chronic alcohol abuse can cause both acute and chronic health problems. Unfortunately, sudden cessation is problematic, with risk of complications ranging from mild to lethal. We report a case of a 60-year-old man with substantial alcohol abuse, who suffered cardiac arrest after sudden withdrawal...

  4. Fulminant forløb af perimyokarditis efter en halsinfektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fallesen, Christian Oliver; Gill, Sabine Ute Alice; Hansen, Michael Gilså

    2013-01-01

    Fulminant perimyocarditis is a rare and potentially fatal condition that may mimick myocardial infarction. The long-term prognosis is favourable, once the patient has survived the index admission, and recurrence is extremely rare. This case describes a 35-year-old man, who experienced recurrence...

  5. Rutinemaessig second look-endoskopi efter blodende ulcus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burgdorf, S.K.; Adamsen, S.; Rosenberg, J.

    2008-01-01

    Treatment of peptic duodenal and gastric ulcers has improved in efficiency and become less invasive. There is still a considerable risk of re-bleeding (15-20%) and the mortality remains high (5-14%). A Danish study from 2000 showed that scheduled second look endoscopy (SLE) the day after the...... primary intervention decreased the re-bleeding rate. Studies have questioned this and suggest that SLE decreases the risk of re-bleeding, but do not reduce mortality. Since SLE is debated and a recent national survey found a variable practice, the evidence has been reviewed critically Udgivelsesdato: 2008/4/28...

  6. Gener efter behandling af almindeligt forekommende akutte øjenlidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogsgaard, M R; Danborg, L; Jensen, P; Kristensen, M O

    1990-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the duration of symptoms in patients treated in the emergency room at Glostrup Hospital for acute eye-trouble. Nine common diagnoses were selected for the study. All patients seen during a 2 1/2 month period were asked to complete a questionnaire one week after...... the consultation. Those who did not return the questionnaire, and cases where the diagnosis was changed by a doctor in the days following the consultation, were excluded. The final material comprised 422 patients. 28% did not have any complaints after the consultation. 50% were free of symptoms within...... 24 hours and 75% within 48 hours. 10% had symptoms for more than a week. Cases of infectious conjunctivitis and trauma to the eye (without intrabulbar lesion) had the highest risk of developing symptoms after the consultation. The lowest incidence of complaints was seen among patients in whom a...

  7. Livskvalitet efter en prostatektomi : - En litteraturöversikt

    OpenAIRE

    Darwich, George; Johansson, Linda

    2010-01-01

    Prostatacancer är den vanligaste cancerformen i Sverige som kan behandlas med en prostatektomi där prostatan opereras bort. Denna operation medför risker för sidoeffekter vilket kan påverka mannens livskvalitet. Det förekommer flera olika mätinstrument för att mäta livskvalitet. Syftet var att beskriva faktorer som kan påverka livskvalitet hos män med prostatacancer som genomgått en prostatektomi. Metoden var en litteraturöversikt baserad på kvantitativ inriktning. Fjorton artiklar togs fram ...

  8. Renalcellekarcinommetastase til glandula thyroidea 15 år efter nefrektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Jes Sloth; Fleischer, Jens Geelmuyden; Godballe, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metastasis to the thyroid gland is rare and can mimic primary thyroid carcinoma leading to diagnostic difficulties. We present a case of a 55-year-old female with RCC metastasis to the thyroid gland 15 years after nephrectomy. Diagnosis was made after total thyroidectom...

  9. Atypisk debutsymptom i form af perifer emboli efter stumt myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Jakob; Taskiran, Mustafa; Nielsen, Tonni

    2012-01-01

    We report a case with peripheral embolisation as the primary symptom of a painless myocardial infarction with left ventricular mural thrombosis. The patient was suffering from severe pain in his leg due to arterial occlusion. Subsequent electrocardiography and echocardiography documented severe d...

  10. Depression remitterede efter subaraknoidal hæmoragi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritsen, Lise; Vinberg, Maj

    2015-01-01

    A 65-year-old man was seen in a specialized ambulatory for mood disorders because of treatment-resistant depression. He was treated throughout a period of three years with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, dual action, lithium, nortriptyline, reboxetine, aripiprazole, benzodiazepines...

  11. Den barokke guldalder - eller "Flaskens Længsel efter Proppen"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linnet, Ragni

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen undersøger forholdet mellem det idealistiske, hegelinspirerede billedsyn, Heiberg gør sig til talsmand for i sine kunstteoretiske tekster og de værker, som kommer til syne når man følger hans smagsdomme op: et svulstigt, sanseligt og livsbekræftende, beskuerinddragende univers, langt fra...

  12. Tidlig intensiv rehabilitering efter meget svaer traumatisk hjerneskade. Opfølgning seks måneder efter udskrivelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liebach, Annette; Nordenbo, Annette Mosbaek; Engberg, Aase Worsaae

    2007-01-01

    In September 2000 the Brain Injury Unit at Hvidovre Hospital was established, offering subacute intensive rehabilitation to patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Uptake area: Eastern part of Denmark, the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Outcome 6 months after discharge is presented for patient...

  13. En fråga om vad och hur : Att främja social hållbarhet i samband med renovering av miljonprogrammen

    OpenAIRE

    Wedin, Anna

    2014-01-01

    Under tio år, 1965-1974, byggdes en miljon bostäder i Sverige som del av Miljonprogrammet. Varken förr eller senare har så många bostäder byggts under så kort tid. Ofta byggdes de i utkanten av staden präglade av modernistiska ideal och med moderna byggtekniker. Idag, nästan femtio år efter miljonprogrammet inleddes, är behovet av upprustning akut bland många av miljonprogrammets bostäder. Utöver detta uppvisar många av miljonprogramsområdena sociala problem och på många sätt möter de inte de...

  14. Mænd med rejsningsbesvær efter radikal prostatektomi bør behandles efter sædvanlige retningslinjer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fode, Mikkel; Hansen, Rikke Bølling; Maigaard, Thomas; Sønksen, Jens

    method is effective in animal models, but the results cannot be confirmed in humans. At this time, treatment regimens which actually create erections and allow for sexual intercourse following surgery should be prescribed. These include PDE5 inhibitors, vacuum erection devices, injection therapy...

  15. Mænd med rejsningsbesvær efter radikal prostatektomi bør behandles efter sædvanlige retningslinjer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fode, Mikkel; Hansen, Rikke Bølling; Maigaard, Thomas; Sønksen, Jens

    2015-01-01

    method is effective in animal models, but the results cannot be confirmed in humans. At this time, treatment regimens which actually create erections and allow for sexual intercourse following surgery should be prescribed. These include PDE5 inhibitors, vacuum erection devices, injection therapy...

  16. Vellykket implementering af farmaceutisk intervention på Akut Modtage Afdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønkjær, Louise Smed; Jensen, Mia Lolk; Madsen, Hanne;

    2011-01-01

    We document the process of implementing a clinical pharmacist service at the acute medical admission unit at Odense University Hospital. During the period December 2009 through April 2010 we reviewed 915 medication lists, which resulted in 628 interventions with generic substitution as the most f...

  17. Mantar Zehirlenmesine Bağlı Gelişen Akut Pankreatit: Olgu Sunumu

    OpenAIRE

    YARDAN, Türker; AKDEMİR, Hızır Ufuk; BAYDIN, Ahmet; NURAL, Mehmet Selim; ECEMİŞ, Özgür; GENÇ, Selim

    2009-01-01

    Different organ dysfunctions may be seen in mushroom poisoning. However, acute pancreatitis is a rare complication of mushroom poisoning. Sixtysix years old women admitted to emergency department 24 h after wild mushroom ingestion with complaints of nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. The epigastric discomfort was determined in initial examination. It was determined the elevated serum hepatic transaminases, amylase and lipase levels on admission. Computerized tomography of the abdomen sho...

  18. Akut Lenfoblastik Lösemili Çocuklarda Hematopoetik Kök Hücre Nakli

    OpenAIRE

    Bayram, İbrahim

    2014-01-01

    In children patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, according to the European bone marrow transplant handbook, the indications for stem cell transplantation, conditioning regimen, donor selection and information about sources of stem cells will be evaluated.

  19. Herpes zoster-associeret morbiditet hos børn i kemoterapi for akut lymfoblastaer leukaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Gitte Vrelits; Helgestad, Jon; Rosthøj, Steen

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Herpes zoster rarely occurs in healthy children, but may occur frequently and may take a complicated course in children receiving chemotherapy. We aimed to assess morbidity from herpes zoster in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Reviewing record...

  20. Validiteten af diagnosen akut myokardieinfarkt i to registre: Hjerteregistret sammenlignet med Landspatientregisteret

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mette; Balling, H; Eriksen, L S

    1990-01-01

    Surveillance of development in the incidence of heart disease, particularly acute myocardial infarction (AMI) requires a valid system of registration of all cases of the disease. During the period 1972-1981, all admissions with the diagnosis AMI to hospitals in Greater Copenhagen and Arhus were...... registered in the Heart Register. From 1978, admissions to all Danish somatic hospitals were registered in the National Patient Register. In order to assess the validity of the two registers as regards registration of AMI, the two registers were compared for the years 1979 and 1980. This investigation...... analysis in the National Patient Register only appear to explain a lesser fraction of the disagreements as the diagnoses which were summed up in the upper part of the summaries showed reasonably good agreement with the diagnoses in the National Patient Register. Re-assessment of the diagnoses revealed that...

  1. Die effek van krioterapie op die akute herstel van universiteit-netbalspelers se onderbeenspiere / Jacque Orlandini

    OpenAIRE

    Orlandini, Jacque

    2007-01-01

    In the last few years researchers have more and more focussed on the possible use of cryotherapy as an acute and long term recovery facilitating technique by sportsmen and women. Barnette (2006) did, however, state that research supporting cryotherapy as a recovery facilitating technique, is not convincing and that the majority of research show that it has a negative impact on the recovery of subjects after exercise. It is against this background that the aim of the study was firstly to criti...

  2. Uji Toksisitas Akut Ekstrak Etanol Daun Dandang Gendis (Clinacanthus nutans (Burm.f.) Lindau) Pada Mencit

    OpenAIRE

    Puspita, Dewi Ira

    2013-01-01

    Dandang gendis leaves (Clinacanthus nutans (Burm.f.) Lindau) are Acanthaceae family that usual grow in the yard and as a hedge plant. These leaves are used as antiinflammation, anticancer, antibacterial, antioxidan, antidiabetic and diuretic. This research is to determine the acute toxicity of the ethanolic extract of dandang gendis leaves. Dandang gendis leaves simplex powder was maserated using ethanol 80% as the solvent for 5 days with frequent stirred, filtered and the residu was wash...

  3. Uji Toksisitas Akut Limbah Cair Industri Tahu Terhadap Ikan Bawal Air Tawar (Colossoma macropomum)

    OpenAIRE

    Sinurat, Mars Sella

    2016-01-01

    Changes of chemical and physic parameters of water will disrupt the organism life in it, one of the types of organisms is freshwater pomfret (Colossoma macropomum). Toxicity tests are used to determine the status of tofu industrial wastewater for the mortality rate of freshwater pomfret. Therefore, the required value of Lethal Concentration (LC50) 96 hours which is the concentration that causes 50% of test animals died within 96 hours of exposure time. This study aims to determine the LC50 va...

  4. Akute trauma, en Rudolf Otto se godsdiens-psigologiese teorie as middel tot heling

    OpenAIRE

    Annelize Endres; Yolanda Dreyer

    2009-01-01

    Acute trauma, and Rudolf Otto’s psychology of religion theory as means for healingEmpirical studies confirm that quantitative research is limited as far as the analysis, description and explanation of traumatic experiences are concerned. It is after all virtually impossible to quantify emotions. This article aims to overcome this obstacle by applying Rudolf Otto’s theory of psychology of religion, and more specifically his theory on the transformation of fear (tremens) into awe (fascinans), t...

  5. Telemedicinsk praehospital diagnostik og visitation af en patient med akut lungeemboli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Terkelsen, Astrid J.; Nielsen-Kudsk, Jens Erik; Andersen, Henning Rud; Lassen, Jens Flensted

    2008-01-01

    Mortality in untreated pulmonary embolism is high and short-term outcome depends on a timely diagnosis. In this case telemedicine involving 12-lead ECG and GSM-based communication between the patient in the ambulance and the telemedical staff resulted in remote pre-hospital suspicion of acute...... pulmonary embolism. The ambulance was referred directly to the nearest department of cardiology where acute CT and echocardiography confirmed the diagnosis. Acute trombolysis was successful. Telemedicine may be beneficial in other medical emergencies than acute myocardial infarction. Udgivelsesdato: 2008...

  6. Hubungan Kadar Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol dengan Kejadian dan Keparahan Stroke Akut

    OpenAIRE

    Hasibuan, Azwita Effrina

    2016-01-01

    Introduction : The role of serum cholesterol as the stroke etiology is still uncertain. Studies that focused on the association between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) and acute stroke was still rare, with inconsistent results. The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between LDL-C level and the acute stroke occurance and severity. Methods : We conducted a cross-sectional study of 51-acute stroke patients in Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan. Subjects...

  7. Perforeret akut akalkuløs kolecystitis forårsaget af hepatitis A

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cuk, Pedja; Iqbal, Mozammil; Lykke, Jakob

    2014-01-01

    Acute acalculous cholecystitis is a rare condition associated with a high risk of gangrene, empyema and perforation of the gallbladder. In this case report it is described how hepatitis A infection leads to a fulminant perforated acalculous chole-cystitis, which is described sporadically in the l...

  8. Eosinofil akut lymfatisk leukæmi hos yngre mand hjemvendt fra rejse i troperne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Mette Vang; Andersen, Mette Klarskov; Karstoft, Kristian

    2011-01-01

    A 22-year-old man presented with severe back pain and 60% eosinophilia after returning from the tropics. An extensive investigation for parasitic diseases was negative. Over time, his haemoglobin level and thrombocyte count fell, and the spleen and several lymph nodes were enlarged. The patient was...

  9. Akut Renal Kolikli Hastalarda Dilaltı Piroksikam ve İntranazal Dezmopressin Kombine Tedavisinin Etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    Özden, Cüneyt; Gökkaya, Cevdet Serkan; Günay, İsa; Demirdal, Özgür; Özdal, Özdem Levent; Memiş, Ali

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: Desmopressin is a synthetic antidiuretic hormone (ADH) analogue. When it is compared to ADH, the anti-diuretic effect is more and longer. In recent years it is used to relieve pain in patients with acute renal colic. In the present study we evaluated the effect of combined therapy of intranasal desmopressin spray and sublingual piroxicam in patients with acute renal colic. Materials and Methods: Forty-five patients with renal colic included into the study. Patients were rand...

  10. Valproatinduceret akut interstitiel nefritis med et alvorligt forløb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martuseviciene, Giedre; Kamper, Anne-Lise; Horn, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    A case of acute interstitial nephritis caused by sodium valproate is reported. The sodium valproate treatment was continued after initial diagnosis and the patient developed end-stage renal failure. After transplantation, interstitial nephritis was demonstrated in the renal graft....

  11. Effekt af trombolytisk behandling på udfaldet af tidlig arbejdstest hos patienter med akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Madsen, J K; Saunamäki, K I;

    1994-01-01

    , systolic blood pressure and rate-pressure product were similar in the two groups. At maximum workload the streptokinase treated patients had a significantly higher median maximal heart rate than controls (136 vs. 126 min-1; p <0.01) but only a trend towards higher systolic blood pressure was seen (175 vs....... 163 mmHg; p = 0.09). Rate-pressure product at maximal exercise was 23.620 vs. 20.100 mmHg x min-1; p <0.01). A significantly smaller number of patients in the streptokinase group had exercise capacity below 50 W (0% vs. 15.9%; p <0.01). In conclusion: patients treated with intravenous streptokinase...... for acute myocardial infarction reach both higher heart rates and rate-pressure products at maximum workload than their controls thus indicating that the beneficial effects of thrombolysis after acute myocardial infarction are reflected in an improved heart rate response during exercise....

  12. Korrekt behandling af akut akillesseneruptur - det svære valg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Kristoffer Weisskirchner; Ganestam, Ann; Madsen, Bjørn Lindegård;

    2015-01-01

    Treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture in Denmark has changed from being predominantly operative to being non-operative treatment over the past five years. However, no clear evidence is found in the literature in favour of one treatment modality over another. Non-operative treatment leads to ...

  13. Svær akut underernæring hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fabiansen, Christian; Christensen, Vibeke Brix; Eklund, Martin;

    2010-01-01

    Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects approx. 19 million children below five years of age in low and middle income countries. Both shortage and low quality of foods are important determinants of SAM. With the development of special ready-to-use foods and by using simple treatment protocols, it ...

  14. Perbandingan Kadar Fibrinogen Pada Penyakit Paru Obstruktif Kronik (PPOK) Eksaserbasi Akut Dengan Ppok Stabil

    OpenAIRE

    Novrin

    2015-01-01

    Background. COPD acute exacerbation and COPD stable led to an increase of airways and systemic inflammation that triggers the release of several proinflammatory cytokines into the blood circulation. This inflammatory process stimulates the liver to produce acute phase proteins such as CRP and fibrinogen. Increased levels of fibrinogen in patients with COPD showed the risk for hospitalization did increase to 70% and any increase in fibrinogen levels 1 g/l increase the risk of death 4 times in ...

  15. Akute trauma, en Rudolf Otto se godsdiens-psigologiese teorie as middel tot heling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annelize Endres

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Acute trauma, and Rudolf Otto’s psychology of religion theory as means for healingEmpirical studies confirm that quantitative research is limited as far as the analysis, description and explanation of traumatic experiences are concerned. It is after all virtually impossible to quantify emotions. This article aims to overcome this obstacle by applying Rudolf Otto’s theory of psychology of religion, and more specifically his theory on the transformation of fear (tremens into awe (fascinans, to pastoral care with traumatised persons. Trauma is the internal experience of an external event, and causes fear and alienation. In psychology of religion, fear pertains to alienation from God and fellow believers, whereas awe refers to the emotionally laden response to transcendence. Moving from fear to awe leads to wholeness within a person, and peace in human interactions. Wholeness overcomes alienation, and facilitates respect for God and fellow human beings. Both fear and awe belong to what Otto calls the ‘numinous’, which is conceptualised in terms of pastoral care in this article.

  16. Uji Validitas Neutrophil Gelatinase Associated Lipocalin sebagai Penanda Diagnosis Gangguan Ginjal Akut pada Sepsis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hidayat

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Acute kidney injury (AKI is an abrupt decrease of renal function which marked by increase of serum creatinine ≥0.3 mg/dL or ≥1.5 times of previous level or decrease urine output 6 hours. Sepsis is the most common cause of AKI with incidence rate is about 20–50% and mortality nearly 70%. Urine neutrophil gelatinaseassociated lipocalin (NGAL level in AKI patients can increase quickly and earlier compared with serum creatinine and could be as a marker for AKI. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of urine NGAL as diagnostic marker of AKI on sepsis patients. Subjects were 50 urine samples of sepsis patients from Emergency Department (ED, Intensive Care Unit (ICU and Medical Intermediate Care (MIC in Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung between February and May 2010 and were examined with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA method. Data analysis was performed by non parametric Mann-Whitney test, receiver operating characteristic (ROC analysis and validity test.The results found that urine NGAL of AKI patients were significantly higher compared with non AKI patients (3,380 ng/mL vs 116 ng/mL, p107 ng/mL for urine NGAL had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 36%, positive predictive value (PPV of 60.9%, negative predictive value (NPV of 100% and accuracy of 68%. In conclusions, urinary NGAL level has good validity and could be used as a screening test for AKI on sepsis patients.

  17. Plain film emergency radiology of child abuse: a strategy; Die akute Roentgendiagnostik der Kindesmisshandlung: Eine Strategie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oestreich, A.E. [Children`s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati OH (United States). Dept. of Radiology

    1998-04-01

    A strategy is proposed for the dedicated interpretation of possible radiographic plain film signs that are suspicious for indicating child abuse. For each sign, the features `PRO` raise the question of abuse, while radiographic or clinical findings `CON` suggest an alternate explanation. Birth trauma, oesteogenesis imperfecta, rescue trauma, and metastatic neuroblastoma are among the many entities cited. A triad of situations may lead a radiologist to look systematically for changes from abuse; a triad of resolutions may result from the search. Periosteal reaction is the major factor in dating of fractures; physiologic periosteal reaction of infancy and periosteal reaction from previous fracture must be considered when so dating fractures. (orig.) [Deutsch] Es wird eine Strategie fuer die genaue Interpretation roentgenologischer Befunde, die auf eine Kindesmisshandlung hindeuten koennen, vorgeschlagen. Fuer jeden Befund werfen die unter `PRO` aufgefuehrten Merkmale die Frage nach einer Kindesmisshandlung auf, waehrend radiologische und klinische Befunde unter `CON` andere Erklaerungen nahelegen. Geburtstrauma, Osteogenesis imperfecta, Rettungstrauma und metastasierendes Neuroblastom sind unter den vielen zitierten Differentialdiagnosen. Drei moegliche Situationen koennen den Radiologen dazu veranlassen, systematisch nach Zeichen einer Kindesmisshandlung zu suchen, 3 moegliche Loesungen koennen aus dieser Suche hervorgehen. Eine Periostreaktion ist ein Kardinalbefund zur Datierung von Frakturen. Physiologische Periostreaktionen im fruehen Kindesalter und Periostreaktionen durch fruehere Frakturen muessen bei einer solchen Datierung von Frakturen mitbedacht werden. (orig.)

  18. PTSD, Psychosomatische Komorbidität und Risikofaktoren bei Patienten mit akuter Unfallverletzung

    OpenAIRE

    Schoberth, Oliver

    2003-01-01

    Treatment and rehabilitation of accident victims is of great public interest because traumatic injuries are the main cause of invalidity or death, especially among young adults. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be one of the main complications (besides other physical disorders) after accidents. These symptoms influence recovery during initial rehabilitation treatment, and they are important in gaining expert opinions before medical boards. Psychotraumatology and the care of polytraum...

  19. Gambaran Klinis Pasien Uremia yang Menjalani Hemodialisis Akut di RSUP Haji Adam Malik Medan Tahun 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Ayu Dianita

    2016-01-01

    Introduction. Uremia is a clinical syndrome associated with fluid, electrolyte, and hormone imbalances and metabolic abnormalities, which develop in parallel with deterioration of renal function. Uremia causes various clinical manifestation involving neurology, gastrointestinal, respiratory, cardiovascular and hematology system. This research is done to find out about the clinical manifestations of uremic patients undergoing acute haemodyalisis. Methode. The design of this r...

  20. Uji Toksisitas Akut Limbah Cair Industri Tahu terhadap Ikan Patin (Pangasius sp.)

    OpenAIRE

    Sianturi, Parlinggoman

    2014-01-01

    Tofu industry is an industry that has grown rapidly in the society. Most of the tofu industry drain directly wastewater into the water. Changes in chemical and physic parameters of water will disrupt the organism life in it, one of the types of organisms is catfish (Pangasius sp.). Toxicity tests are used to determine the status of tofu industrial wastewater for the mortality rate of catfish. Therefore, the required value of Lethal Concentration (LC50) 96 hours which is the concentration that...

  1. Stenting plus coiling: dangerous or helpful?; Stenting plus Coiling bei akut rupturierten intrakraniellen Aneurysmen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wanke, I.; Gizewski, E.; Doerfler, A.; Stolke, D.; Forsting, M. [Essen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Radiologie und Neuroradiologie

    2005-09-01

    Purpose: the purpose of this study was to evaluate the procedural risk of treating acute ruptured aneurysms with a stentcoil combination. Material and methods: between August 2001 and January 2004 we treated nine acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients with a combination of stents and platinum coils. Results: six aneurysms were 100% eliminated; the residual three aneurysms had a 95% to 99% occlusion. A transient thrombosis in the stent in one patient could be recanalized by intravenous application of ReoPro {sup registered}. In another patient an occlusive vasospasm at the distal end of the stent was successfully treated with intraarterial Nimotop {sup registered}. Neurological complications occurred in none of the patients. Conclusion: in broad-based aneurysms which cannot be clipped or in which any neurosurgical treatment presents an unacceptably high risk (posterior circulation and paraophthalmic aneurysms), treatment using a combination of stent and platinum coils might be an option even in the acute phase of an SAH. Platelet aggregation can be treated with Aspirin registered and Plavix {sup registered} after placement of the first coil, vasospasms with intraarterial Nimotop {sup registered}, and acute stent thrombosis with GP IIa/IIIb-antagonists. (orig.)

  2. Generel anæstesi anvendes for hyppigt ved akut sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydshou, Andreas; Mitchell, Anja U; Møller, Ann

    2012-01-01

    As general anaesthesia (GA) for caesarean section (CS) compared to regional anaesthesia (RA) can increase maternal risks, it has been suggested that 85% of all acute CS should be performed in RA. We observed whether anaesthesiologists at a Danish university hospital over a 4,5 year-period fulfill...

  3. Hipertrigliseridemi nedenli akut pankreatit tedavisinde heparin ve insülin rejimi uygulanan bir olgu

    OpenAIRE

    YILMAZ, Şerif; DURSUN, Mehmet; CANORUÇ, Fikri; Tuzcu, Alpaslan; Akay, Hatice; DANIŞ, Ramazan; PARMAKSIZ, Ergün

    2005-01-01

    Hypertriglyceridemia is an important and under-diagnosed etiology of acute non-biliary pancreatitis. There has been no standardized protocol to treat these patients. Our patient was a case with severe acute pancreatitis caused by hypertriglyceridemia. We gave a treatment protocol consisting of heparin and insulin combination to stimulate lipoprotein-lipase activity. The patient's parameters were all improved at the end of the treatment. Our aim was to present this case of acute pancreat...

  4. Untersuchungen zur Allogenen Stammzelltransplantation bei Akuter Lymphatischer Leukämie des Erwachsenen

    OpenAIRE

    Terwey, Theis

    2015-01-01

    Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is an important element in the treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), however, due to the rarity of the disease, many clinically relevant parameters remain ill-defined. The present work provides novel insights into risk assessment of ALL patients prior to transplantation, into treatment strategies for relapsed and refractory ALL patients and into disease monitoring of ALL patients after transplantation. In addition, the impact of graft-v...

  5. Uji Toksisitas Akut Ekstrak Etanol Kulit Buah Markisa Ungu (Passiflora edulis Sims.) Menggunakan Mencit

    OpenAIRE

    Pratama, Edo Kusda

    2016-01-01

    Indonesian had known, gathered and used several plants as an effort in order to prevent health problems since a long ago. One of the plants is very famous in Indonesia which known have many benefits is purple passion fruit or markisa (Passiflora edulis Sims). Purple passion fruit peel has antihypertensive activity, an antibacterial against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli bacteria, an also as a color for lipstick. The objective of this study was to determine the safety limit to use ...

  6. MENGETAHUI KEAMANAN JAMU MADURA "SARI RAPAT" MELALUI UJI MIKROSKOPIS DAN TOKSISITAS SUB AKUT PADA BINATANG COBA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lestari Handayani

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ''Jamu Sari Rapat" made in Madura is a famous traditional medicine especially after promoted at television cable. A cut utilition of the "jamu" was safe, it was provided by no complain from consumers. The problem is how the effect of "jamu" in the longterm consumption. A chosen famous "jamu Sari Rapat'' was taken to be examined. Microscopic examinations were done to know the herbs composition and contamination to patogen bacteries. A sub a cut toxicity exami­nation was done  to find out the safety of "jamu'' to the consumer because of the longterm consumption. The result showed that the ''jamu" was consisted of 9 herbs those were Caryophylli Flos, Kaemferiae rotundae Rhizoma, Curcuma domesticae Rhizoma, Paramcriae Cort ex, Theae Folium, Guazumae Folium, Arecae Semen, Glycyrrhi­ zae Radix and Psidii Folium. A herb (Gallae was written in the label but actually it did not find in microcopic test. It was found that Most Probable Number colliform were contaminated the "jamu" and the Total Plate Count Bacterial number was bigger than standard. Toxicity test showed that there was no toxic effect after 3 month intervention to 54 mice. The conclusion of this study: the "jamu" was safe to be consume in the longterm (more or less 3 months but it might cause illness to the consumers because of patogen bacteries. The production process should be improved to solve those problem.

  7. Akut iliofemoral venøs trombose bør behandles med kateterbaseret trombolyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm, Rikke; Just, Sven; Jørgensen, Maja; Bækgaard, Niels

    2012-01-01

    Treatment of acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT) with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) has been performed in Denmark since 1999. The purpose of CDT is to dissolve thrombus and to restore the venous lumen as fast as possible and thereby save venous valve function and prevent...... postthrombotic syndrome. Danish studies have shown that treatment of acute iliofemoral DVT using CDT results in good patency, preserves venous valve function, reduces the frequency of PTS, and is associated with a higher quality of life....

  8. Visceral leishmaniasis hos to børn efter ferie i Sydeuropa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castberg, Filip Christian; Poulsen, Anja; Petersen, Bodil Laub;

    2013-01-01

    Pancytopenia, fever and splenomegaly are frequent causes for referrals to paediatric haematology departments, on the suspicion of acute leukaemia. We report two cases of Danish children with the tropical disease visceral leishmaniasis (VL) contracted on short vacations in Southern Europe. One of ...

  9. Vad händer efter olyckan? En studie av EMDR Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Britt-Mari

    2013-01-01

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att beskriva en behandlingsmetod, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), som används vid posttraumatiskt stressyndrom. Detta för att öka förståelsen för denna metod och granska nyttan av denna. Tanken var också att väcka intresse hos sjukskötare att vilja vidareutbilda sig till EMDR-terapeuter. Studien är kvalitativ och respondenten använde sig av kvalitativa temaintervjuer samt tidigare forskning som datainsamlingsmetod. Intervjumaterialet ana...

  10. Masquelets teknik anvendt efter åben femurfraktur med infektion og osteomyelitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haubuf, Maj; Storm, Jens Ole

    2015-01-01

    The treatment of patients with larger bone defects due to infections, trauma or tumours is a challenge in orthopaedic surgery. In 1986 Alain Charles Masquelet introduced a new technique using a two-step procedure, in which cement and bone-graft is used to reconstruct the defect. The Masquelet pro...

  11. Overlevelse og dødsårsager efter traumatisk rygmarvsskade. Et epidemiologisk langtidsstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartkopp, P A; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik; Seidenschnur, A M;

    1998-01-01

    follow-up over four decades. The survey included a total of 888 individuals who had survived the injury and were rehabilitated at the Centre for the Spinal Cord Injured, East-Denmark between 1.1.1953-31.12.1990. At the end of the follow-up, 31st of December 1992, 236 had died. The most common causes of......Life expectancy among individuals with spinal cord injuries (SCI) has remained lower than normal, even with optimal medical management. But improvement has been achieved, as shown by this study of an unselected population of survivors of traumatic SCI, dead or still living. There has been complete...

  12. Kan strategien for primaer sundhedstjeneste genoplives 30 år efter Alma-Ata?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Stine; Probst, Helene Bilsted; Bygbjerg, Ib

    2010-01-01

    Thirty years ago the Alma-Ata declaration on primary health care was developed. Implementation has been compounded by inadequate financing, changing disease patterns and immature health systems, and there is an ongoing discussion between selective and comprehensive primary health care supporters...

  13. Tranexamsyre reducerer blodtabet efter større elektive ortopædkirurgiske operationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eschen, Camilla Tofte; Tengberg, Peter Toft; Husted, Henrik; Troelsen, Anders

    surgery as an antifibrinolytic agent. Several studies within the orthopaedic fields have underlined the effect of the drug in reducing blood loss and need for transfusions. However, more studies are needed to examine the optimal dosage and administration along with the risks associated with the drug....

  14. Tvangsanvendelse i psykiatrien efter den nye psykiatrilovs indførelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, M

    1992-01-01

    duration of mechanical restraint constituted 0.3% of the entire duration of psychiatric hospitalisation in acute admission wards after the introduction of the legislation. The mean duration of mechanical restraint was 4.3 hours (5 minutes-5.3 days) and was similar in men and women. In 55.5% of the cases of...... mechanical restraint, a waist-belt alone was employed while, in the remaining cases, wrist or ankle cuffs were employed in addition. A doctor was present in 48.9% of the cases when mechanical restraint was applied. No differences were observed between the sexes in the extent of mechanical restraint but...... female patients were seen by a doctor prior to restraint more frequently than male patients. A tendency to employ a waist-belt alone was observed as the first form of restraint in women whereas men were frequently restrained by means of wrist or ankle cuffs also. The most frequent reason for restraint...

  15. Prospects for Soviet energy export after the perestroika. Utsikter for Sovjetunionens energiexport efter perestrojkan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radetski, M. (SNS Energy (SE))

    1991-01-01

    The prospects for the Soviet energy sector are analyzed and the following questions discussed: How will the continued reformation of the society affect the energy sector, how will production and consumption change, will the exportable surplus increase and what will the consequences be for the world energy markets. The author foresees a very large increase in Soviet energy export after the reform period, wih largest growth of natural gas export and smallest of coal exports. (L.E.) (8 tbls., 21 refs.).

  16. Graviditet efter bariatrisk kirurgi kræver speciel opmærksomhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Renault, Kristina Martha; Andersen, Lise Lotte; Kjær, Mette Mandrup;

    2012-01-01

    In the latest years the number of pregnant women having undergone bariatric surgery before pregnancy has increased rapidly. In pregnancy, they seem to have a reduced risk of obesity-related complications but an increased risk of mechanical complications causing small bowel obstruction and...

  17. Urininkontinens de første 12 år efter fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Viktrup, Lars; Lose, Gunnar

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: First pregnancy and delivery often result in urinary incontinence. The aim of this 12-year cohort study was to estimate the impact of incontinence and the need for treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 305 women were questioned about lower urinary tract symptoms a few days...... had stress incontinence (SI) and seven of 49 women had urge incontinence (UI) for at least 12 years. Three of 114 incontinent women (2.6%) had received treatment, while 162 women had exercised the pelvic floor the previous three months. None underwent SI surgery. Eighteen incontinent women wanted...

  18. Frihedsberøvelse i psykiatrien efter den nye psykiatrilovs indførelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, M

    1992-01-01

    This investigation shows that the rate of commitment to mental hospitals in Denmark increased from the year before the introduction of the new Danish psychiatric legislation when it was 24.4 (23.1-25.8) per 100,000 of the population till the year after when it was 28.4 (27.0-29.9) of the population....... The increase in the commitment rate may, wholly or partially, be the result of the fact that the deprivation of liberty, which was previously more or less informal, was now registered. The results do not suggest that commitment of non-psychotic patients is employed more frequently than previously. The...... commitment rates for men and women were found to be identical after introduction of the new legislation. On the basis of data from the closed wards in the Psychiatric Hospital in Arhus, which receives approximately 11% of all committed patients in Denmark, it was found that the total number of admissions...

  19. Benign paroksysmal positionel vertigo kan opstå efter hovedtraumer hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Maria Schøler; Rokkjær, Malene Sine; Berg, Jette;

    2015-01-01

    We present an eight-year-old boy with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) after a head trauma, successfully treated with Epley's manoeuvre. BPPV is a common cause of vestibular vertigo in adults, but it is rarely seen in children. Diagnostic work-up is challenging as children often lack...

  20. Golfhandikap er en velegnet skala til monitorering af rehabilitering efter apoplexia cerebri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per; Meden, Per; Knudsen, Lars;

    2015-01-01

    100-year-old golf handicap scale is better suited for quantifying recovery after stroke than conventional stroke assessment scales, which are prone to ceiling effect. We suggest that rating with golf handicap should be used more widely in stroke research, and we find it tremendously important that......A 67-year-old male was examined nine, 35 and 135 days after stroke using conventional stroke scales, 18 holes of golf, functional MRI (fist closures) and translocator protein imaging of microglial function in the brain using single photon emission computed tomography. The data showed that the over...

  1. Tunge- og stemmebåndsparese efter endotrakeal intubation for Legionella-pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sønnichsen, Rikke; Lauritsen, Anne Oberg; Nielsen, Rikke Vibeke

    2013-01-01

    Extracranial involvement of the hypoglossal nerve and recurrent laryngeal branch of the vagal nerve can be a complication of anaesthetic airway management (Tapia's syndrome) or focal involvement due to Legionella infection. We present a patient with bilateral hypoglossal and unilateral recurrent ...... laryngeal nerves palsy after a complicated intubation and a Legionella infection. Clarithromycin therapy was started. Within months, tongue mobility and swallowing gradually improved. Two months after discharge persisting unilateral recurrent nerve palsy was observed....

  2. Cerebral absces med Vibrio cholerae non-01 efter badning i dansk havvand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torp-Pedersen, Trine; Nielsen, Xiaohui Chen; Olsen, Katharina E P;

    2012-01-01

    We present the first case of intracerebral abscess after blood-borne infection with non-toxigenic Vibrio cholerae (non-01). The patient was a 66 year-old woman who was infected after swimming in Danish seawater during an unusually hot summer. She had predisposing haemochromatosis and a skin lesion...... on the ankle. We treated the patient with meropenem and ciprofloxacin for six weeks followed by ciprofloxacin for four weeks, and she recovered with hemiparesis and speech impairment. Marine Vibrio species may produce intracranial infection in predisposed individuals, even in temperate climate zones....

  3. Peritonsillaer absces. Forekomst af operationskraevende sygdom i tilbageblevne tonsil efter unilateral tonsillektomi à chaud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Godballe, C; Sørensen, J A; Andersen, N H;

    1991-01-01

    the patients under 30 years of age were readmitted for surgery on the remaining tonsil during the follow up period. Only 0.5% of the patients over 30 years were readmitted. Previous investigations have shown increasing frequency of pharyngitis after bilateral tonsillectomy. The present authors suggest...

  4. Fejldiagnostik ved vaginal skanning hos en kvinde, der var gravid efter hormonel follikelstimulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Najami, Issam; Salomon, Søren

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 21-year-old woman who developed a simultaneous extra- and intrauterine pregnancy after hormonal induction of ovulation. The case shows a delay in the detection, relying on usual measures as vaginal ultrasound scanning, of the ectopic pregnancy resulting in peritonealia an...... an acute laparoscopy. This is a reminder of the increase in the prevalence of heterotopic pregnancies as a result of hormonal induction of ovulation, and indicates that laparoscopy is the gold standard of detecting the cause of abdominal pain including ectopic pregnancy....

  5. Svær dehydrering hos nyfødt efter ambulant fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøstesen, Lisbeth Marianne; Fenger-Grøn, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    A nine day-old girl was hospitalised because of breast-feeding problems and life-threatening hypernatremic dehydration; weight loss was 30% of birth weight and s-Na 187 mmol/l. The question is raised whether there could be an association to the current changes in the perinatal health care in...... Denmark. The case emphasizes the necessity of a sufficient safety net beneath the newborn children in order to minimise the risk of breast-feeding problems and re-hospitalizing. Neonatal problems such as marked weight loss, dehydration, hypernatremia and marked jaundice are potentially preventable....

  6. Prognosen for børn født efter assisteret reproduktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsen, Anna-Karina Aaris; Loft, Anne; Malchau, Sara Sofia;

    2012-01-01

    this. However, adverse outcomes persist even in ART singletons. The characteristics of the infertile parents have negative effects on the outcome, but also the hormone stimulation and the in vitro techniques are thought to play a role. A milder hormone stimulation and elective single embryo transfer......Children who are born after assisted reproduction (ART) have a slightly increased risk of being born preterm, of having low birthweight and a higher perinatal mortality than spontaneously conceived children. The higher rate of multiple births among women having had ART can to some extent explain......, which reduces the number of multiples after ART, have improved the overall health of children born as a result of ART....

  7. Arteriovenøs fistel efter skudlaesion. Kvalitativ og kvantitativ diagnosticering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck, A M; Bülow, J B; Mortensen, D P

    1989-01-01

    A man aged 33 years developed an arterio-venous fistula following a gunshot wound from behind in the right calf. The quality of the fistula could be demonstrated employing digital subtraction angiographic technique while the quantity was demonstrated employing 99Tc macroaggregated albumin. The...... localization of the fistula is important in view of the surgical procedure and the haemodynamic amount is important to determine cardiac involvement....

  8. Tegn og iagttagelse. At læse Erslev efter den sproglige vending

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Dorthe Gert

    2001-01-01

    Historie, Historieteori, Historisk metode, Klassisk kildekritik, New Historicism, Den sproglige vending......Historie, Historieteori, Historisk metode, Klassisk kildekritik, New Historicism, Den sproglige vending...

  9. Reklamen som pastiche. Om Dansk Sygeplejeråds annoncekampagne efteråret 1986

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunhild Agger

    1989-08-01

    Full Text Available Der er flere og flere medieproducenter, der anser modtagerne for at besidde en vis tekstuel intelligens. Fra detektivpasticher som Dick Spanner og Batman over den konstant genreparodierende "Moon- lighting" (De heldige helte til Poul og Nulles respektløse faktion "I sandhedens Tjeneste" leges der med betydningsdannelsen. Seerne/læserne indbydes til selv at spille ping-pong med billeder og tekst. Gunhild Agger analyserer her denne tendens, sådan som den kom- mer til udtryk inden for reklamen: Anker Jørgensen som James Bond, og kondomer til Prinsessen på Ærten! Mest indgående beskæftiger hun sig med Dansk Sygeplejeråds brug af myten om sygeplejersken i en annoncekampagne op mod overenskomstforhandlingerne i 1987. Gunhild Agger nøjes ikke med en indholdsanalyse af annoncerne, men beskriver hele kampagnen: Dansk Sygeplejeråds hensigter med frem- stødet, kampagnens lancering over for den tre-dobbelte målgruppe, læsernes formodede reception, og kampagnens politiske og holdnings- mæssige effekter.

  10.  Den tidlige rehabilitering efter 3 forskellige typer total hofte alloplastik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Penny, Jeannette Østergaard; Overgaard, Søren; Ovesen, Ole; Varmarken, Jens-Erik

      Introduction: For patients in employment a fast rehabilitation is important. The reduced risk of dislocation when using a large-head metal-on-metal articulation theoretically offers a faster rehabilitation than a THA with a 28 mm articulation due to no restrictions. The larger surgical incision.......3 (8.4), 12.8 (11.1) and 3.4 (4.0) mm and 12.2 (21.7) 21.6 (22.2) 5.0 (6.3) mm). Pain scores, UCLA activity, HHS, step rate or time before returning to work did not differ. Conclusion: The present study showed an increase in early activity level in patients with large head THA and a tendency for...

  11. Facebook som kampagneplatform - Retningslinjer til før og efter shitstormen rammer

    OpenAIRE

    Zachariassen, Katrine Larsson; Haugaard, Josefine

    2016-01-01

    Today, it is more often the rule than the exception that companies are present on Face- book, where they can enter into dialogue with the consumers, who have the opportunity to interact on the companies’ Facebook pages. However, we often see that companies get out on thin ice and end up in so-called shitstorms. One can wonder why Facebook experts and ad- mins do not know better. Shouldn’t they have learned by now how to avoid these shitstorms, which we see examples of over and over again? Wha...

  12. Fatalt forløb efter intoksikation med det nye designerdrug 25C-NBOMe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tarpgaard, Maren; Mærkedahl, Rikke; Lauridsen, Karen Buch

    2015-01-01

    prehospitally and brought to the local hospital. At admission he had acute renal failure and was severely metabolic acidotic with potassium 8.6 mmol/l, lactate 28 mmol/l and pH 6.69. Despite maximal therapy he died ten hours after admission. 25C-NBOMe is currently legal in most parts of the world, and fatal...

  13. Bulløs reaktion efter applikation af en enkelt dosis ingenolmebutat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salskov-Iversen, Marie Luise; Lorentzen, Henrik F

    2013-01-01

    Picato (ingenol mebutate) was recently marketed for local treatment of actinic keratosis (AK). Compared to alternative creams and gels, Picato is a quick and efficient treatment, which is applied for only two to three days. A patient developed a bullous reaction to the gel after a single applicat...... application. Picato 150 microg/g was applied in the evening to AK in the patient's forehead. The patient experienced a headache during the night, and the next morning big, thin-walled bullae had developed in the treated area.......Picato (ingenol mebutate) was recently marketed for local treatment of actinic keratosis (AK). Compared to alternative creams and gels, Picato is a quick and efficient treatment, which is applied for only two to three days. A patient developed a bullous reaction to the gel after a single...

  14. Den militære unioolaritet og det amerikanske imperium efter den Kolde Krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Simon Valentin

    2006-01-01

    complete breakdown of world order: The theory of Imperial Overstretch, traditional balance of power dynamics, and the absence of American restraint. Other stabilizing factors are mentioned: The evolvement of Post-Heroic Warfare, American restraint, and the use of novel strategies such as dissuasion, pre...... The article argues that American power after the Cold War has relied on military strength to a greater degree than immediately after World War Two. Several dynamics are cited which could turn unipolarity into a transitory stage in the evolvement of a multipolar, a bipolar, a regional, or even the...

  15. Botanisk genbesøg i Simested sogn 178 år efter Salomon Drejer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Hans Henrik

    2016-01-01

    Tag med tidsmaskinen tilbage til Himmerland år 1836-37 og bliv klogere på hvordan den lokale flora er forandret. Det er en bestemt slags arter og naturtyper som denne egn - og Danmark som helhed – er blevet fattigere på siden dengang....

  16. Senbivirkninger efter kurativt anlagt strålebehandling for prostata cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fokdal, Lars; Høyer, Morten

    2005-01-01

    In this study we report late bladder, gastrointestinal and sexual       dysfunctions in 23 patients following radical radiotherapy       (66Gy-70Gy/33-35fx, 5 fx/week) for prostate cancer. We interviewed the       subjects by telephone and compared the results with those of 45 healthy       popul...

  17. Girards Job-læsning 20 år efter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Jørgen Lundager

    2007-01-01

      Abstract: Rereading René Girard's book "Job - the Victim of his People" 20 years after its initial appearance in French, the reader encounters not only the interesting phenomenon of an approach to a central Biblical book from "outside" traditional scholarly Bible exegesis which none the less...

  18. Overlevelse efter lynnedslag og behandling af tilstødende komplikationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Malene Lægdsgaard; Uslu, Bülent; Lind, Morten Nikolaj;

    2011-01-01

    Lightning strike is an unpredictable weather phenomenon which can cause a variety of injuries to the human body. We present a case report with a 24-year-old male football player, who survived prolonged cardiac arrest after a lighting strike and then presented with multiple organ dysfunction due to...

  19. Perinealsårskomplikationer efter praeoperativ strålebehandling for rectumcancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aldulaymi, Bahir Hadi; Mohammad, Wael A J; Jess, Per

    2008-01-01

    Every year, approximately 1200 new cases of rectal cancer are registered in Denmark. Preoperative radiation therapy alone or in combination with chemotherapy (chemo-radiation) is a gold standard in the treatment of patients with T3 and T4 tumours. Although it carries a good response rate, preoper...

  20. Postoperativt välmående efter överviktskirurgi

    OpenAIRE

    Holmberg Olausson, Karin; Hedén, Victoria

    2012-01-01

    Introduktion: Depression, ångest, stress och ätstörningsproblematik har visat sig ha en hög prevalens hos personer som lider av obesitas. Syfte: Att undersöka om och i så fall hur ångest och depression mätt i HADS förändras i en grupp som genomgått överviktskirurgi. Av intresse var också att undersöka om viktnedgång samt om preoperativa symtom på stress, hetsätning och känslomässigt ätande predicerar utfallet av symtom på ångest och depression postoperativt. Metod: 30 patienter som genomgått ...

  1. Smertetilstand og psykologisk distress før uheldet praedikterer gener efter whiplash-traume--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, Tina Birgitte Wisbech; Frostholm, Lisbeth; Ørnbøl, Eva;

    2009-01-01

    Patients with acute whiplash trauma were followed to examine if pre-collision pain and psychological distress were associated with reduced work capability and neck pain at 12 month follow-up. Pre-collision unspecified pain was associated with reduced work capability, and neck pain and pre......-collision psychological distress was associated with neck pain. In conclusion unspecified pain (as opposed to specified pain) and high accumulation of pre-collision psychological distress (as opposed to a single psychological disorder) before the collision was associated with poor recovery at follow-up....

  2. Hvad skal vi se efter i mundhulen--og hvad kan vi gøre?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dabelsteen, Erik

    2010-01-01

    Patients present with symptoms of the oral cavity at their general practitioner (GP). As a general rule, the GP should refer the patient to a dentist for diagnosis and treatment. However, treatment of acute infections can be started by the GP. In the present paper, the diagnosis and treatment of ...

  3. Livskvalitet mere end fem år efter brystkraeft--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peuckmann, Vera Irina; Grønvold, Mogens; Ekholm, Ola;

    2010-01-01

    In this national survey, long-term breast cancer survivors (BCS) (n = 1,316) reported quality of life comparable to data from the general Danish female population, but a significantly higher prevalence of chronic pain (42% versus 32%). Paraesthesia, phantom sensation, allodynia, and swelling of a....../shoulder were also reported, and every fifth woman felt that these sequelae limited her daily activities. Health care utilization indicated chronic morbidity. Relatively young age, short education, and former radiotherapy were risk factors for issues such as pain....

  4. Livskvalitet mere end fem år efter brystkraeft--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peuckmann, Vera; Grønvold, Mogens; Ekholm, Ola;

    2010-01-01

    /shoulder were also reported, and every fifth woman felt that these sequelae limited her daily activities. Health care utilization indicated chronic morbidity. Relatively young age, short education, and former radiotherapy were risk factors for issues such as pain. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Feb-22...

  5. Perforeret sinus maxillaris efter fald mod nøddeknækker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rye Rasmussen, Eva; Arndal, Helge; Larsen, Per Leganger

    2011-01-01

    We present a case of open fracture of maxillary sinus following fall against a nutcracker. The only pathological findings were a small wound and subcutaneous emphysema in the front of and behind the right maxillary sinus. There was no flattening of the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus...

  6. Recidiv og overlevelse efter konventionel lav anterior resektion for cancer recti

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, S; Moesgaard, F A; Crone, P O; Gandrup, P; Holm, J; Kronborg, O; Hemmert-Lund, H; Myrhøj, T; Petersen, R H; Qvist, N; Raskov, H H; Thomsen, H

    2001-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of recurrence of local cancer, distant metastases and survival after conventional low anterior resection for cure in patients with rectal carcinoma, on the basis of the poor prognosis after colorectal cancer in Denmark. MATERIAL AND...... METHODS: Consecutive patients operated on in the nine Danish departments of surgical gastroenterology in 1992-1993. Retrospective collection of data on recurrence of local cancer, distant metastases, and over-all survival at the end of 1996. RESULTS: Of 268 patients, 77 (29%) developed recurrent local...... cancer and/or distant metastases. Forty-eight (18%) had local recurrence with a cumulative 5-year rate of 39%. Distant metastases were seen in 54 (20%). The local recurrence rate increased with increasing Dukes' tumour stage and was higher after operation by a non-specialist (30%) than by a consultant...

  7. Komplet remission af højmalignt lymfom i ventriklen efter eradikation af Helicobacter pylori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høeg, Rasmus Tetens; Skau, Anne-Marie; Nørgaard, Peter;

    2011-01-01

    A 91 year-old man was found to have diffuse large cell B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), localized to the stomach. Because of his age, his only treatment was anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy. He achieved a complete remission, and six months after the initial presentation, there were no signs of recurrence....... The recommended treatment of DLBCL is chemotherapy followed by involved-field irradiation. However, small prospective trials have shown high rates of complete remission after eradication of H. pylori alone and this treatment is an option in patients of advanced age or with severe co-morbidities....

  8. Unge hørehæmmede efter Frijsenborg Efterskole. Delrapport 4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Niels-Henrik Møller

    Denne rapport beskriver resultaterne af en spørgeskemaundersøgelse blandt tidligere elever på Frijsenborg Efterskole. Fælles for eleverne, der deltager i undersøgelsen, er, at de alle har et høretab. Vores mål med undersøgelsen og denne rapport er at belyse, hvordan det går med de hørehæmmede ele...

  9. Arteriovenøs fistel med objektiv tinnitus efter fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Jacob; Katholm, Morten; Cortsen, Marie;

    2011-01-01

    This case-report describes an otherwise healthy younger woman with post partum onset of objective pulsatile tinnitus. Neuroradiological examination revealed a dural fistula that was later closed using endovascular coiling technique, after which the patient's tinnitus disappeared. At 6-month follow......-up the patient was symptom-free. This case report emphasises the importance of examining for objective tinnitus in patients complaining of tinnitus, as the causes of objective pulsatile tinnitus can frequently be treated successfully....

  10. Multiple embolier efter DC-konvertering hos en patient forbehandlet med dabigatran

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buch, Torben Nicolai; Holm, Jakob; Munck, Lars Kristian

    2013-01-01

    A 65-year-old man, who had been treated with dabigatran for 66 days prior to electrical cardioversion, developed extensive intestinal, renal and cerebral thromboembolism five days after cardioversion. There is limited information available on the treatment of thromboembolism in patients being...

  11. Etårig praktisk oplæring efter kandidatuddannelsen i odontologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fiehn, Nils-Erik

    2010-01-01

    I forbindelse med vedtagelsen af autorisationsloven i 2006 bortfaldt ”jus practicandi”-ordningen, og i stedet indførtes et 12-måneders klinisk oplæringsforløb ved ansættelse for nyuddannede tandlæger i såvel børne- og ungdomstandplejen som voksentandplejen. Artiklen fokuserer på de årsager, der l...

  12. Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base - en status efter Kommissionens direktiv-forslag

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Martin; Hansen, Søren Jesper

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen foretager en overordnet gennemgang af direktiv-forslaget om CCCTB og præsenterer i den forbindelse flere af de væsentligste muligheder og konsekvenser i relation til beskatning af selskaber inden for EU....

  13. Har samlejedebut ændret sig efter "Sikker sex"-kampagnen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wielandt, H B; Jeune, B

    1992-01-01

    In 1984, immediately before information about AIDS had reached the general public and the campaign for "Safe sex" had begun in earnest, 286 women (percentage replies 75.3) and 336 men (percentage replies 77.8) who were over 16 years but not yet 21 years were interviewed about sexual knowledge......, sexual experience and contraception. In October 1989, the investigation was repeated and 359 women (percentage replies 77.9) and 400 men (percentage replies 76.3) participated. Both of the investigations were carried out as personal interviews by the professional interviewer staff of the Institute...

  14. Gensyn med Ginir - etiopisk feltarbejde efter 30 års venten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Ib; Weber, Odile

    2014-01-01

    Forfatterne gennemførte i 2013 en måneds feltarbejde i området omkring Ginir, Sheik Hussein, Imi og Dolo Mena in den østlige Oromia og tilgrænsende dele af Somalia Regional States. Ib Friis havde for 30 år siden i forbindelse med det etiopiske floraprojekt forsøgt at arrangere en felttur til områ...

  15. På spaning efter den goda staden : om konstruktioner av ideal och problem i svensk stadsbyggnadsdiskussion

    OpenAIRE

    Tunström, Moa

    2009-01-01

    In this dissertation constructions of contemporary urban ideals are in focus, starting from the understanding that they are constructed in relation to both an idea of an urban renaissance and one ofa dissolving, or sprawling, city. The aim of the dissertation is to investigate and analyse how the city and the urban are discursively constructed in contemporary Swedish urban planning discussion. This is done by analysing articles from the Swedish Journal of Planning (Plan) and publications from...

  16. Et tilfælde af brucella spondylodiscitis efter rejse til Libanon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Stig Lønberg; Johansen, Isik Somuncu

    2012-01-01

    Brucellosis is a widespread endemic zoonotic infection affecting more than 500,000 people per year. The disease is very uncommon in Denmark and almost always imported. We present a case of a 57 year-old male with blood culture and magnetic resonance imaging verified brucella spondylodiscitis. Prior...

  17. Livstruende ekstrauterin hjørnegraviditet efter in vitro-fertilisation og bilateral salpingektomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Claudi, Anne; Steen-Hansen, Christian; Nørgaard, Lone Nikoline

    2015-01-01

    ectopic pregnancy due to the history of salpingectomy. The patient had intraabdominal bleeding and went through emergency surgery because of a ruptured interstitial pregnancy. The purpose of this case report is to recall the risk of interstitial pregnancy in pregnant women with a history of salpingectomy.......A woman with a history of bilateral salpingectomy achieved pregnancy after in vitro fertilization. At the gestational age of six weeks she experienced fatigue, haematemesis and abdominal pain. She was hospitalized on suspicion of a peptic ulcer. Several physicians rejected the possibility of an...

  18. Håndtering af keratitis efter laserbehandling adskiller sig fra almindelig keratitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed, Shakil; Ahmed, Hassan Javed; Holm, Lars Morten

    2014-01-01

    flap. Due to relative protective interface location it is necessary to lift the corneal flap for cultures and antibiotic irrigation. The case report demonstrates that post-LASIK keratitis requires prompt referral to ophthalmology department as correct initial management is pivotal for good visual...

  19. Danmark må lede i udlandet efter upåvirkede vandløb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voigt, Steen

    2008-01-01

    Ingen danske vandløb rummer den nødvendige fysiske og kemiske kvalitet til at fungere som rollemodeller for den beskyttelse og forbedring af vandløbene, som EU's vandrammedirektiv kræver. Det fremgår af en ny rapport fra Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) ved Aarhus Universitet. Vandløb i Litauen,......, Estland og eventuelt Polen kan i et vist omfang komme på tale som "stedfortrædervandløb". Udgivelsesdato: 30. maj...

  20. Livstruende underernæring efter gastrisk bypass behandlet med reetablering af normal tarmanatomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Inge Marie; Hansen, Dorte Lindqvist; Grønbæk, Karin Elmegård

    2014-01-01

    reverting the stomach and small intestine into normal anatomy and it was performed without complications so the condition resolved. The malnutrition was probably caused by a mixture of an eating disorder and the effects of the operation influencing gut hormones. It is important to handle this category...

  1. Komplikationer efter anlæggelse og tilbagelægning af loopileostomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El-Hussuna, Alaa; Bülow, Steffen; Lauritsen, Morten

    2011-01-01

    A protective loop ileostomy is used to reduce the incidence and consequences of anastomotic failure following colorectal resection. Closure of a loop ileostomy is associated with low mortality but many studies have demonstrated high morbidity rates. The aim of this review is to examine the existing...

  2. Riskbaserad brandteknisk dimensionering. Slutredovisning av projektet "Dimensionering efter beräknad risk"

    OpenAIRE

    Frantzich, Håkan; LUNDIN, Johan

    2000-01-01

    The report summarises the project Design based on quantitative risk. The project has been divided into five parts; model uncertainty, fire statistics, design values based on reliability index beta method, quantitative risk analysis and cost optimisation. The report gives a short description on all parts and refers to the more detailed reports from the project. In total 16 publications have been produced within the frame of the project. The report shows one method to perform fire safety design...

  3. Udvikling af refraktaert vasodilatorisk shock og permanent horetab efter svaer lithiumforgiftning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moller, A.M.; Plenge, Ulla

    2008-01-01

    organ dysfunction ceased. The patient survived with marked loss of hearing, tinnitus and vertigo as the only sequelae. We discuss the mechanism of lithium's inhibitory effect on the phosphoinositide cascade as the possible explanation for the vasodilatory shock as well as the hearing deficiency...

  4. Udvikling af refraktaert vasodilatorisk shock og permanent høretab efter svaer lithiumforgiftning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plenge, Ulla; Møller, Ann M

    2008-01-01

    organ dysfunction ceased. The patient survived with marked loss of hearing, tinnitus and vertigo as the only sequelae. We discuss the mechanism of lithium's inhibitory effect on the phosphoinositide cascade as the possible explanation for the vasodilatory shock as well as the hearing deficiency....

  5. Svenskars smartmobilanvändning före, under och efter resa.

    OpenAIRE

    Mattsson, Peter; Kocev, Nikola

    2015-01-01

    Denna uppsats syfte är att visa hur Sveriges befolkning använder sig av smartmobiler i kombination med resa. Detta område valdes att studera då vi som studerar turismvetenskap på universitetsnivå ansåg det vara väldigt relevant med tanke på att informationsflöden inom turism blivit allt mer digitaliserade.   I och med smartmobilens framväxt de senaste fem åren, med tillhörande nya funktioner, ständigt nya applikationer så ser vi att smartmobilen håller på att överta Internetanvändningen från ...

  6. Forekomst af håndeksem efter kirurgisk vask og brug af operationshandsker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfred, L; Rasmussen, H H; Andersen, Klaus Ejner

    1993-01-01

    Contact dermatitis caused by surgical gloves is well known. Contact urticaria and anaphylactoid reactions among hospital personnel and patients following contact with latex gloves and glove dusting powder have previously been reported. A suspected increased frequency of hand eczema among personnel....../glove-product with subsequent clearing of the symptoms in 75% of the cases. Dermatological examination and patch tests were performed with European Standard series, gloves, rubber chemicals and selected soap components in 53 persons. Hand eczema was found in 16 persons (7%). Positive patch test reactions to latex...

  7. Trichinosis efter indtagelse af kød importeret fra Polen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cunha-Bang, Caspar da; Lunding, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    Infection with trichinellosis is acquired through consumption of raw or insufficiently processed meat which is contaminated with infectious Trichinella species. This parasitic infection is rare in Denmark. In June 2007, a Danish woman was diagnosed with trichinellosis after ingesting a Polish tea...

  8. Trichinosis efter indtagelse af kød importeret fra Polen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    da Cunha-Bang, Caspar; Lunding, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    Infection with trichinellosis is acquired through consumption of raw or insufficiently processed meat which is contaminated with infectious Trichinella species. This parasitic infection is rare in Denmark. In June 2007, a Danish woman was diagnosed with trichinellosis after ingesting a Polish tea...

  9. Styring efter budgetmål: Er benchmarking som motivationsmodel et alternativ?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandalgaard, Niels; Bukh, Per Nikolaj

    2008-01-01

    I denne artikel vil vi fokusere på den rolle motivation og incitamenter har ved fastlæggelse af budgetmål og styring herefter. Artiklen følger op på diskussionen af mål- og budgetstyring ved anvendelse af benchmarking i en tidligere artikel (Bukh, Sandalgaard & Dietrichson, februar 2008 i Control......, der foreslås i Beyond Budgeting (bl.a. Hope & Fraser 2003), kan forventes at have....

  10. Komplet remission efter rituximabbehandling ved refraktær hårcelleleukæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petruskevicius, Irma; Bukh, Anne; Johnsen, Hans Erik;

    2008-01-01

    A 40 year-old man with hairy cell leukemia (HCL) was treated with Cladribin, but achieved only partial response (PR). As expected, both 2 and 5 years later the disease had progressed and the patient was therefore twice retreated with Cladribin. A bone marrow examination after the last Cladribin c...

  11. Agriculture and food production after a nuclear power accident; Jordbruk och livsmedelsproduktion efter en kaernenergiolycka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ulvsand, T. [Defence Research Establishment, Umeaa (Sweden). Div. of NBC Defence; Finck, R. [Swedish Radiation Protection Inst., Stockholm (Sweden); Preuthun, J. [Swedish Board of Agriculture, Joenkoeping (Sweden); Rosen, K. [Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden); Svensson, Kettil [National Food Administration, Uppsala (Sweden)

    1999-02-01

    In a situation with radioactive fall-out in agricultural areas in Sweden, many organisations will be engaged. The authorities in the field of agriculture and food will give advices and recommendations, the producers will see to their interests, the consumers will react and researchers and experts will be engaged. A combined game and seminar was carried through in the city of Huskvarna 17 - 18 March, 1998 with participation from the responsible authorities: Swedish Board of Agriculture, National Food Administration, Swedish Radiation Protection Institute and from producers, organisations and the government and with researchers and people from contract laboratories. The game and seminar was based upon a scenario with a release of radioactivity from the nuclear power plant of Ignalina in early July and focused on the threat phase and the time close to the deposition. The release and the weather condition resulted in a deposition of {sup 137}Cs and {sup 131}I in agricultural areas in southern Sweden. The biggest levels of deposition took place in the county of Oestergoetland, where the resulting levels were three times the highest levels in Sweden after the Chernobyl-accident The seminar combined lectures, group-work and discussions and actualised a great number of issues that should be further investigated. The report ends with a factual part about possible countermeasures in agriculture 13 refs, 6 figs

  12. Spinocellulært karcinom opstået ved cikatrice efter Calmette-vaccination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Maria; Andersen, F.; Salskov-Iversen, Maria Luise

    2014-01-01

    Marjolin's ulcer is an aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) found in chronically inflamed skin. SCC has been reported in smallpox vaccination sites, whereas basal cell carcinomas are more common in scar after bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. A 72-year-old man presented with a chronic...

  13. Ülseratif Kolitli Bir Hastada Akut Ciddi İskemik Mitral Yetersizliği İle Komplike Olan Akut Miyokard İnfarktüsü

    OpenAIRE

    Akif ARSLAN; Özaydın, Mehmet; Adalı, Mehmet Koray; AKSOY, Fatih

    2013-01-01

    Myocardial infarction is a rarely seem complitation of ulcerative colitis. We presented a case with ulcerativecolitis who had acute inferoposterior myocardial infarction complicated by severe mitral regurgitation

  14. Diffusion-weighted imaging in the diagnostic evaluation of the hydrocephalus in patients with acute or chronic increase in cerebral pressure; Diffusionsgewichtete Bildgebung in der Diagnostik des Hydrocephalus - Untersuchungen an Patienten mit akuter und ohne akute Hirndrucksymptomatik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorenbeck, U. [Abt. fuer Neuroradiologie, Universitaetskliniken des Saarlandes, Homburg/Saar (Germany); Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Universitaetsklinik Regensburg (Germany); Schlaier, J. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Neurochirurgie, Universitaetsklinik Regensburg (Germany); Feuerbach, S.; Seitz, J. [Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Universitaetsklinik Regensburg (Germany)

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: to investigate whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides additional information about the periventricular white matter for the assessment of hydrocephalus. Materials and methods: sixteen MRI examinations (11 with acutely increased cerebral pressure, 5 without symptoms) on 15 patients with hydrocephalus (4 patients with communicating hydrocephalus and 11 patients with obstructive hydrocephalus) were analyzed. One symptomatic patient subsequently became asymptomatic. We investigated the ''apparent diffusion coefficient'' (ADC) in the subcortical and periventricular white matter. The ADCs of the study patients were compared with those of a healthy control group. Results: symptomatic patients with hydrocephalus, 6/11 showed periventricular edema and a significantly higher ADC values in the periventricular region than in the subcortical white matter. 5/11 symptomatic patients showed significantly higher ADC values even in the absence of periventricular interstitial edema (both groups contained patients with communicating and obstructive hydrocephalus). All 5 asymptomatic patients with hydrocephalus did not have a significantly higher ADC values in the periventricular region. Conclusion: in patients with hydrocephalus and acutely increased cerebral pressure, DWI showed a significantly higher ADC values in the periventricular region even without visible interstitial edema on conventional MRI sequences. (orig.)

  15. Congenital anomalies, hereditary diseases of the pancreas, acute and chronic pancreatitis; Entwicklungsstoerungen, angeborene Erkrankungen des Pankreas, akute und chronische Pankreatitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brambs, Hans-Juergen; Juchems, Markus [Universitaetsklinikum Ulm (Germany). Abt. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie

    2011-06-15

    The most important congenital anomalies include pancreas divisum, annular pancreas and ectopic pancreas. Patients with pancreas divisum may be more susceptible to acute or chronic pancreatitis and patients with an annular pancreas may develop duodenal stenosis. In pancreas divisum the key finding is the visualization of the main duct draining into the duodenum via the small papilla, separated from the common bile duct. Annular pancreas may show as a well defined ring of pancreatic tissue that encircles the duodenum. Ectopic pancreas is usually asymptomatic but may give rise to abdominal complaints and may be confused with submucosal tumors. Acute pancreatitis is classified as mild or severe. In mild forms ultrasound is the imaging modality of choice whereas in severe forms with extensive pancreatic and peripancreatic necroses computed tomography is the favored method. It is crucial to identify signs and criteria that come along with an increased risk of infection of the necroses. MRI plays an inferior role in the assessment of acute pancreatitis. Chronic pancreatitis is a longstanding inflammatory and fibrosing process causing pain and loss of function. Cross-section imaging is particularly in demand for the detection of complications and the differentiation from pancreatic cancer. Autoimmune pancreatitis is a unique form of chronic pancreatitis characterized by lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and fibrosis, and favourable response to corticosteroid treatment. (orig.)

  16. Akut abdomen som følge af torkveret adnexa uteri hos en tiårig pige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinthorsdottir, Kristin Julia; Folmer, Lars; Bisgaard, Thue

    2014-01-01

    A ten-year-old girl presented with four days of lower abdominal pain. A diagnostic laparoscopy on the suspicion of acute appendicitis revealed left-sided adnexal torsion. The cyanotic ovary was detorsed and recovered. At three-month follow-up there were no clinical or ultrasonic signs of pathology...

  17. Milttorsion kan være årsag til akut abdomen hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helvind, Neel Maria; Gögenur, Ismail; Stadeager, Morten

    2013-01-01

    A six-year-old boy was admitted with symptoms consistent with acute appendicitis. Immediately before placement of the first trocar, a large abdominal mass was observed which on imaging was identified as a torsioned spleen. Due to suboptimal reperfusion and risk of reperfusion-mediated morbidity a...

  18. Sol İnen Koroner Arterdeki Miyokard Köprülemesinin Neden Olduğu Akut Koroner Sendrom

    OpenAIRE

    Alpsoy, Şeref; Akyüz, Aydın; Akkoyun, Dursun Çayan; Gür, Özcan; Değirmenci, Hasan

    2015-01-01

    Epicardial coronary artery may enter into the heart muscle in some areas and be compressed by muscle fibers. This is termed as myocardial bridging. Although previously considered to be benign, rarely it may cause serious clinical pictures such as angina, myocardial infarction, arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Treatment is medical and surgical. We presented a patient with acute coronary syndrome due to myocardial bridging of left anterior descending coronary artery

  19. Leptomeningeosis leucaemica in connection with acute lymphatic leukemia. A case report; Leptomeningeosis leucaemica bei akuter lymphatischer Leukaemie. Ein Fallbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fellner, F.; Dobritz, M.; Cavallaro, A.; Schmitt, R.; Bautz, W. [Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany). Institut fuer Diagnostische Radiologie; Roesler, W. [Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany). Medizinische Klinik III; Keilholz, L. [Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany). Klinik fuer Strahlentherapie

    1998-03-01

    MRI is significantly better than CT for detection of leptomeningeosis leucaemica, due to better imaging of the anatomy and the diversity of the tomographic images. Based on the MRI information in the case reported, the decision was for radiotherapy of the cranium: Linear accelerator-based irradiation of the neurocranium up to and inclusive of C2, with 6 MeV photons via laterally opposing fields. The single dose was 1.50 Gy, and 16.50 Gy at the reference point at the time of a control examination. The radiotherapy was accompanied at the same time by a further intrathecal cytostasis. The treatment rapidly achieved improvement of the clinical findings, and the follow-up MRI correspondingly revealed almost complete remission of the leptomeningeal foci. (orig./CB) [Deutsch] Die MRT ist im Nachweis der Leptomeningeosis leucaemica der CT deutlich ueberlegen, bedingt durch die bessere Darstellung der anatomischen Strukturen und der Moeglichkeit der Bildakquisition in verschiedenen Ebenen. Aufgrund des MR-tomographischen Befundes wurde im vorliegenden Fall eine Radiatio des Craniums durchgefuehrt: Bestrahlung des Neurocraniums bis einschliesslich C2 am Linearbeschleuniger mit 6 MeV Photonen ueber seitlich opponierende Gegenfelder. Einzeldosis war 1,50 Gy, zum Zeitpunkt der Kontrolluntersuchung im Referenzpunkt bis 16,50 Gy. Zusaetzlich wurde gleichzeitig eine weitere intrathekale Zytostase durchgefuehrt. Waehrend der Therapie kam es rasch zu einer deutlichen Verbesserung des klinischen Befundes. Die MRT-Kontrolluntersuchung zeigte dementsprechend eine fast vollstaendige Remission der leptomeningealen Herde. (orig.)

  20. Akut, svær leverinsufficiens forårsaget af binyretumor hos nyfødt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maestri Ditlevsen, Jane; Kvist, Nina; Johansen, Lars Søndergaard;

    2013-01-01

    A newborn female was hospitalized due to metabolic acidosis and conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. Extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) was suspected why a (99m)Tc-mebrofenin cholescintigraphy was performed. It showed poor hepatocyte tracer uptake and no drainage to the gut. The hepatocyte dysfunction...

  1. Kotitalouksissa käytettävät tyyppiä AA olevat sormiparistot ja -akut

    OpenAIRE

    Sippola, Sami

    2011-01-01

    Insinöörityössä käsitellään sormiakkuja ja -paristoja. Sormiakkuja pyrittiin mittauksissa käyttämään tehokkaasti samoin kuin kotitalouksissa käytetään niitä yleisesti. Työssä selvitettiin, miten niiden käyttö on kannattavaa ja miten helposti niitä voidaan vahingoittaa kotitalouksissa. Sormiakkujen ja sormiparistojen varauksia purettiin kameroilla. Sormiakkuja ladattiin eri tavoin ja kolmella laturilla. Erilaisten sormiakkujen ja -paristojen eroja pyrittiin selvittämään. Lataamisten ja syv...

  2. Less common acute diseases of the upper respiratory tract in children; Seltene akute Krankheitsbilder der oberen Atemwege bei Kindern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oestreich, A.E. [Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati (United States)

    2002-03-01

    The radiologist should recognize dangerous uncommon conditions such as epiglottitis and membranous croup by their pattern on conventional images. Subglottic narrowing, as from croup, is recognizable on lateral images by loss of the superior interface of trachea and vocal cords. A lateral image is important when an upper esophageal foreign body is seen on a frontal view. (orig.) [German] Der Radiologe sollte seltene gefaehrliche Krankheitsbilder wie z.B. eine Epiglottits oder einen membranoesen Krupp anhand eines Nativroentgens erkennen. Subglottische Stenosen wie beim Krupp sind durch den Verlust der Grenzflaechen zwischen Trachea und Stimmbaendern gekennzeichnet. Ein laterales Roentgenbild ist insbesondere bei einem a.-p.-Bild diagnostizierten Fremdkoerpern wichtig. (orig.)

  3. Forsinkelse fra symptomdebut til ankomst på hospital blandt 5.978 patienter med akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, M M; Køber, L; Jørgensen, S;

    1998-01-01

    with male gender, increased age, diabetes mellitus, left ventricular systolic function (wall motion index), onset from midnight to 6 a.m., onset on a weekday, history of angina pectoris, chest pain as initial symptom, ventricular fibrillation or-tachycardia, Killip class > or = 3, presence of ST......-elevation and ST-depressions. In conclusion, patient delay continues to be disappointingly long. This also applies to patients with a high risk of acute myocardial infarction (notably history of diabetes mellitus and angina pectoris). Udgivelsesdato: 1998-Mar-9...

  4. Patienter med svær akut lungeemboli bør visiteres til centre med thoraxkirurgisk ekspertise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lehnert, Per; Møller, Christian H; Carlsen, Jørn;

    2013-01-01

    trombolysis. This treatment is not always possible or sufficient. Recent studies have shown that surgical embolectomy is a relevant treatment offer with low mortalities of 6-8%. Patients with acute critical PE should be evaluated and treated in a multidisciplinary centre with medical and surgical...

  5. Hubungan Diabetes Melitus dengan angka kejadian Stroke Fase Akut di RSUP. H. Adam Malik Medan tahun 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Batubara, Anggi Saktina Sari

    2012-01-01

    Diabetes is a risk factor for stroke, and high frequency of diabetes in patients with stroke. Stroke is one cause of death and major neurological disability in Indonesia with a comparison between disability and death from stroke patients is four to one. This study aims to look at the relationship of diabetes mellitus with an increased incidence of acute ischemic stroke. This study is analytic with a cross-sectional study with samples taken from medical records of 2010 by 85 ...

  6. Angka Kejadian Mukositis Oral pada Anak Menderita Leukemia Limfoblastik Akut yang Menjalani Kemoterapi di RSUP Haji Adam Malik Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Azmi, Rommanah binti

    2015-01-01

    Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) accounts for 70-80% of childhood leukemias. One of the main treatments for ALL is chemotherapy. One of the most common side effects of chemotherapy is oral mucositis. Oral mucositis is an inflammation of the oral mucosa which leads to erythematous and ulcerative lesions. This study describes the incidence of oral mucositis in children with ALL undergoing chemotherapy in Haji Adam Malik Hospital during 2008-2012. This is a descriptive study with cross- sec...

  7. Cytomegalovirus-associeret hæmofagocytosesyndrom og akut nyresvigt hos en patient med kronisk lymfatisk leukæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broe, Julie; Lauritzen, Anne Falensteen; Hansen, Per Boye

    haemophagocytic syndrome. The serology was compatible with acute Cytomegalovirus infection. The patient received therapy with ganciclovir, prednisolone and gamma globulin, and the acute renal failure was treated with haemodialysis. The patient responded well to the treatment and was discharged after a month with......A 60-year-old man with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia was admitted to our department with fever and hepatospleno-megaly. Laboratory findings revealed hyperferritinaemia of 40,300 microgram/l and both liver and renal dysfunction. A bone marrow biopsy showed haemophagocytosis consistent with...... normal lever and renal function....

  8. Akut Miyokard İnfarktüsünde Serum Aktik Dehidrogeneaz, Progesteron Ve Testeteron Düzeyleri

    OpenAIRE

    DÜNDAR, Ü.; ALVUR, M.; CENGİZ, K.; DÜNDAR, İ.

    2010-01-01

    SUMMARY SERUM LACTIC DEHYDROGENAZE, PROGESTERONE AND TESTESTERON LEVELS IN ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION In order to study the predisposing effects of sex hormones in acute myocardial infarction, plasma lactic dehydrogenaze (LDH), progesteron and testesteron levels were studied in 26 male patients who had acute myocardial infarction and 15 age-matched controls. Mean serum LDH level was significantly elevated in patient group (p < 0.05). Serum Progesterone level was significantly higher...

  9. Lebensqualität bei Langzeitüberlebenden nach akuter lymphatischer Leukämie des Erwachsenen

    OpenAIRE

    Hellenbrecht, Anja

    2009-01-01

    Ein zentrales Ergebnis dieser Studie war, dass viele Patienten ein hohes Maß an Lebens-qualität zeigten. Verglichen mit anderen hämatologisch-onkologischen Kollektiven lag die Lebensqualität der Patienten dieser Studie deutlich näher bei den Werten der gesunden Normalbevölkerung. Als signifikant negative Einflussfaktoren auf die verschiedenen Dimensionen der Lebensqualität zeigte sich die allogene Stammzelltransplantation und ein Alter > 55 Jahren. Stammzelltransplantierte und ältere Patiente...

  10. Ambulanssjuksköterskans erfarenhet av att vårda patienter utan ett akut prehospitalt vårdbehov

    OpenAIRE

    Dahl-Bergkvist, Cecilia; Hammarbäck, Kalle

    2013-01-01

    The Swedish ambulance service has in recent decades evolved from being a pure transport organization to an advanced based nursing care facility. Treatment and care can be started already in the patient's home. The use of ambulances has increased markedly in recent years. Many of the patients who disposed ambulance have no acute prehospital care needs. There are several reasons why people without an acute prehospital care feel the need to call an ambulance. The aim of this study was to expl...

  11. Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu Tentang Infeksi Saluran Napas Atas Sebagai Salah Satu Faktor Resiko Terjadinya Otitis Media Akut Puskesmas Padang Bulan

    OpenAIRE

    Leenoos, Samuel Linus

    2011-01-01

    Background:9 000 000 number of children below 17 years old reported that having OMA around the world. 8 million form them were those who consult with medical officers and receive proper medication. So it is proven that OMA can be reduce wit proper medication. In U.S.A, about 75 % children are suffering minimal one episode of otitis media before tey reach the age of 3 or half of them suffers 3 times or more then that Methods: This research is a descriptif with crosssectional, that been p...

  12. Percutaneous hydromechanical thrombectomy in acute and subacute lower-limb ischemia; Perkutane hydromechanische Thrombektomie bei akuter und subakuter arterieller Beinischaemie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoepfner, W.; Bohndorf, K. [Klinik fuer Diagnostische Radiologie und Neuroradiologie, Augsburg (Germany); Vicol, C. [Herzchirurgische Klinik, Augsburg (Germany); Loeprecht, H. [Zentralklinikum Augsburg (Germany). Klinik fuer Gefaess- und Thoraxchirurgie

    2001-03-01

    Purpose: A prospective study should evaluate the primary and 2-year results of treating acute and subacute lower-limb ischemia with hydromechanical thrombectomy (HTE). Materials and methods: Consecutively 64 patients, 12 with viable and 52 with threatening limb ischemia and onset of symptoms within 8{+-}9 days, were treated and controlled for 24 months. An 8 F hydromechanical thrombectomy device (HTK), was used. It sucks and shreds the thrombi. The shredded particles are transported to the outside. Results: In 8 patients a total, in the others a partial restoration of the vessel lumen up to 70-50% was achieved in a mean time of 34 minutes. Residual thrombi, underlying atherosclerotic vessel disease and occluded arteries with a small diameter made adjunctive interventions (balloon angioplasty, percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy, lysis) necessary. Clinical symptoms and the ankle-brachial index improved significantly (p<0.01). Primary patency was 72%, 70%, 67%, and 65%; the limb salvage rates were 81%, 78%, 75%, and 73% for one, 3, 12, and 24 months respectively. Device-induced complications did not occur. Conclusions: The HTK allowed a rapid reduction of fresh thrombotic material without complications. In 78% of the cases adjunctive therapies are required for wall-adherent thrombi and when tibial vessels with smaller lumina are included. Longterm results are comparable to literature data for fibrinoloytic or operative regimens. The advantage, however of the HTK seems to be the reduction of intervention time and intra-arterial dosage of fibrinolytic drugs. (orig.) [German] Ziel: In einer prospektiven Studie wird der primaere und der Zweijahreserfolg eines Katheters zur hydromechanischen Thrombektomie (HTE) bei der Therapie der akuten und subakuten Beinischaemie untersucht. Material und Methode: Konsekutiv wurden 64 Patienten, 12 mit stark beeintraechtigender und 52 mit bedrohlicher Ischaemie seit 8{+-}9 Tagen, mit HTE therapiert und 24 Monate nachkontrolliert. Ein 8 F hydromechanischer Thrombektomiekatheter (HTK), der Thrombusmaterial ansaugt, zerkleinert und abtransportiert, wurde verwendet. Ergebnisse: Eine komplette HTE gelang bei 8 Patienten, bei den uebrigen eine Lumeneroeffnung um 70-50% im Mittel in 34 Minuten. Restthromben, eine vorbestehende arterielle Verschlusskrankheit und der Befall kleinlumiger Gefaesse machten additive Verfahren (Angioplastie 41/64, Aspirationsthrombektomie 31/64, Fibrinolyse 30/64) noetig. Klinische Symptome und der Arm-Bein-Index besserten sich signifikant (p<0,01). Die primaeren Offenheitsraten lagen bei 72%, 70%, 67% bzw. 65% fuer 1, 3, 12 bzw. 24 Monate, die Beinerhaltungsraten bei 81%, 78%, 75% bzw. 73% fuer dieselben Zeitraeume. Therapiebedingte Gefaesslaesionen durch den HTK traten keine auf. Schlussfolgerungen: Der HTK ermoeglichte eine rasche, komplikationsarme Reduktion von frischen Thromben. Additive Verfahren waren bei wandhaftenden Thromben und zur Therapie schmallumiger tibialer Gefaesse in 78% noch noetig. Die Zweijahresergebnisse waren Literaturangaben fuer alleinige Fibrinolyse bzw. operative Therapie vergleichbar. Der Vorteil des HTK besteht darin, Dauer und Dosis der intraarteriellen Fibrinolysetherapie zu reduzieren. (orig.)

  13. Endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) in acute alcoholic and biliary pancreatitis. Endoskopische retrograde Pankreatographie (ERP) bei akuter alkoholischer und biliaerer Pankreatitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brambs, H.J. (Heidelberg Univ. (Germany, F.R.). Radiologische Klinik)

    1991-05-01

    An analysis of the ERP findings in 31 patients with acute pancreatitis enable us to define the terminology of the pancreatogram in these diseases. Irregularities of the ducts indicate previous damage to the organ. A frequent phenomenon is thinning of lateral branches, which can be explained by compression due to oedema. Early parenchymal staining indicates abnormal permeability of the duct epithelium. Cavities are an expression of acute pseudo-cysts. A sign characteristic of alcoholic pancreatitis is the presence of contrast defects due to protein plugs and due to increased viscosity of pancreatic secretions. These observations confirm the theory that protein precipitates due to abnormal secretions play an important role in acute pancreatitis. (orig.).

  14. N-asetil sistein ve Kardiyak cerrahi sonrası akut böbrek hasarı

    OpenAIRE

    Özaydın, Mehmet; Ersoy, İbrahim; Baş, Hasan Aydın; Akif ARSLAN

    2015-01-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a very common and important complication of cardiac surgery. It is associated with severe complications including mortality. Cardiac surgery may induce oxidative stress and inflammation and both of these processes may be associated with AKI. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is a mucolytic agent and it has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Although positive results have been obtained in animal studies, however; no significant beneficial effects of NAC on AKI hav...

  15. Fasciola hepatica'ya bağli olarak gelişen akut kolanjit ve pankreatit: olgu sunumu

    OpenAIRE

    Emir, Seyfi; Yazar, Mhmet Fatih; Sözen, Selim; Altınsoy, Hasan Baki; Bulut, Hacı Taner; Özkan, Zeynep

    2013-01-01

    Fasciola hepatica Türkiye'de endemik bir parazittir. Bu parazit genellikle sığır ve koyunlarda enfeksiyona yol açar. Ancak endemik bölgelerde insanlar, kontamine içme suyu ve sebze tüketimi nedeni ile bu parazit için tesadüfen konak olabilmektedir. Kronik Fasciola hepatica infeksiyonu biliyer obstrüksiyon ve inflamasyona neden olmaktadır. Aynı zamanda, biliyer fasciolosis asemptomatik de olabilir. Bu gibi olgularda teşhiste ERCP önemli rol oynar ve güvenle kullanılmaktadır. Özelli...

  16. TOKSISITAS AKUT (LD50 DAN UJI GELAGAT EKSTRAK DAUN TEH HIJAU (CAMELLIA SINENSIS (LINN. KUNZE PADA MENCIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dian Sundari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Among many kind of drinks, tea is the most preferable drink for Indonesian people. Compare to other drinks, tea has a lot of benefit to our healthy. Tea are able to prevent some diseases and help for recover process from simple diseasessuch as influenza, to chronic hard disease; that could cause death such as cancer. Variety of tea can be selected referring to the flavor. Acute toxicity test (Lethal Dose has been conducted of the extract of green tea leave (Camellia sinensis (Linn., Kunze. to the safety and symptom test as well. The test used mice as an animal experiments. The acute toxicity test use Weil, C.S (1915 method for the acute toxicity test and Paget. GE and Barnes, JM (1964 method for symptom test, high dosage under LD50 value are given to the mice, while green tea leave extract is made by percolation according to the method in Indonesian Pharmacope III. One kilogram of green tea powder produced an extract of 375 g or 37.5% of rendemen (sample. The result showed, the LD50 value of green lea leave extract was 3.303 (2.10 - 5.14 mg/10 g body weight i.p. By extrapolating the value as per oral in mice based on Gleason test (1969, the extract was classified as a Practically Non Toxic (PNT. The symptom test proved that green tea leave extract in a dosage of 2,7 mg/10 g body weight influenced the nerve system.   Key words : Camelia Sibebsis (Linn, Kunze, Green Tea, Safety, Toxicology

  17. Hubungan ASI Eksklusif terhadapKejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) pada Bayi di Puskesmas Padang Bulan, Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Sinaga, Suci Soraya

    2015-01-01

    Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is an infection disease caused by a virus or bacteria and lasts for 14 days that attacks the upper and the lower of respiratory tract. Infants often suffer by ARI because they have incomplete immunity. Exclusive breastfeeding has an important role to support the immune system for the infants that it can provide prevention from various infection diseases. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with ARI in infants. This surve...

  18. The effect of leadership charisma, engagement and group belonging on volunteer work performance: AKUT search and rescue association example

    OpenAIRE

    Ebru Caymaz; Fahri Erenel; Burak Gürer

    2013-01-01

    Leadership charisma, has been emphasized in terms of performance improvement by inspiring organization’s values and norms and making employees spend extra effort for oganization’s objectives especially in hospitals and voluntary organizations (Choi, 2006; Etzioni, 1975; Grojean vd., 2004; Pillai ve Meindl, 1998; Shamir vd., 1993; Sims ve Brinkmann, 2002; Yammarino vd., 1993). In previous studies emphasis was usually on the effects of leadership charisma on work performance. Studies in Turkey ...

  19. Efter folkrörelsepartiet : Om aktivism och politisk förändring i tre svenska riksdagspartier

    OpenAIRE

    Dahl, Svend

    2011-01-01

    The relationship between a party leadership and party activists is often illustrated by the use of John May’s "Law of curvilinear opinion structures in political parties", i.e. the idea that mid-level party activists are assumed to be more radical than both party sympathisers and the party elite. This tension between party leadership and party activists can be assumed to lead to a restriction on the party leadership’s freedom of action. However, in recent years we have seen a number of exampl...

  20. Statsansattes ansættelsesforhold før og efter omdannelsen af en statsvirksomhed til statsejet aktieselskab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Postelmans, Erik

    2009-01-01

    , their post will be abolished when the state privatizes their place of work and they must be offered a new post. To encourage them to work for their new employer, they can be contracted using a 'collective labour agreement' with special terms. A civil servant’s decision can only be highly personal and must...... 'strike action' in a dispute. The civil servant who does not want to accept these new terms can be ordered to work for the new owner. The state will remain his principal employer. He can be deprived of rights based upon a collective labour agreement, for example, representation and he will be denied...... by the employee and his union. In case of the privatization of a governmental enterprise the employees are protected by the ‘Acquired Rights Directive’. Under this act the new owner is obliged to accept the existing collective labour agreement. Due to the special character of a civil servants employment...

  1. Volar luksation af anden og tredje metacarp erkendt tre måneder efter fald under fodboldspil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørup-Petersen, Anne; Ryge, Camilla; Engelund, Dorte

    2015-01-01

    Volar dislocation of the second and third carpometacarpal joint is extremely rare and most often caused by high-energy trauma. In this case a 15-year-old boy fell on his hand while playing soccer. The injury was undiagnosed for three months, perhaps due to an ipsilateral forearm fracture. He was...... treated with open reduction and Kirchner wire fixation for nine weeks. At two years follow-up he had a painfree hand with a 20% reduction in grip strength....

  2. Kan strategien for primær sundhedstjeneste genoplives 30 år efter Alma-Ata?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Stine; Probst, Helene Bilsted; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian

    2010-01-01

    Thirty years ago the Alma-Ata declaration on primary health care was developed. Implementation has been compounded by inadequate financing, changing disease patterns and immature health systems, and there is an ongoing discussion between selective and comprehensive primary health care supporters...

  3. Varumärkesidentitet i tjänsteföretag : strävan efter ett gemensamt ledmotiv

    OpenAIRE

    Claesson, Linda; Ekstrand, Anna

    2002-01-01

    Background: Literature regarding brand identity within the service industry is relatively under developed. As a result one theory is used for both the service and product brands, even though there is a significant difference between a product and a service. As a result of this, the brand identity within the service industry has consequences. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to contribute to the brand identity within the service industry. This is done by focusing on how and why this wor...

  4. Erfarenheter och motåtgärder inom jordbruket i Jämtlands län efter Tjernobylnedfallet

    OpenAIRE

    Bjäresten, Inger; Rosén, Klas; Jönsson, Birger

    2009-01-01

    This report deals with various aspects, on countermeasures taken to diminish the impact of the Chernobyl accident, in critical fallout areas of Jämtland county, in order to reduce the contamination of the farmers produce and food stuff items with Cs-137 in the years 1986 – 1992. At the time of the Chernobyl radioactive fallout in Sweden the growing season had not yet started in Jämtland county (middle east Sweden), where two moun-tainous agriculture areas were critically contaminated with Cs-...

  5. Langtidsbehandling med spinal cord-stimulation hos en patient med kronisk regionalt smertesyndrom type 1 og fantomsmerter efter amputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enggaard, Thomas Peter; Scherer, Christian; Nikolajsen, Lone; Andersen, Claus

    2008-01-01

    The development of stump and phantom pain after limb amputation in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is very frequent. Stump pain is typically recurred CRPS and the possibilities for effective pharmacological pain relief are often limited. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has a well......-documented pain relieving effect in patients with CRPS. This case story summarises the long term effect of SCS in a patient with CRPS after two amputations of the right leg. Pharmacological pain therapies as well as Guanethidine blockade were found to be ineffective. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Feb-4...

  6. The EU system for emissions trading after year 2012; EU:s system foer handel med utslaeppsraetter efter 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Normand, Mathias; Mjureke, David (eds.)

    2007-01-15

    The Government has instructed the Swedish Energy Agency and the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency to put forward a proposal for how the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) should be developed after 2012, subject to the overall objective of continuing to reduce emissions with the aim of achieving the long-term objectives of the Convention on Climate Change. In its Council Conclusions (7619/1/05) the EU has interpreted the long-term objectives of the Convention on Climate Change as aiming to achieve emission reductions of 15-30 % in the industrialised countries by 2020. According to Council Conclusions (13435/05), the EU has also decided that the Emissions Trading Scheme should continue after 2012. The starting point for this report is that, after 2012, the Scheme will be a key instrument in achieving cost-efficient emission reductions, not only within the EU but also globally, and regardless of whether, with effect from 2013, the Scheme has become a part of an international climate regime, or is serving as a transition to some future new international climate regime. The purpose of this report is to provide a proposal for how the Emissions Trading Scheme should be developed after 2012. The aim is to construct a system that helps to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases (maintaining climate integrity), that assists measures being taken where they are cheapest (cost efficiency), that is accepted by parties concerned and by the general public (confidence inspiring), and which does not adversely affect the competitiveness of business or industry (competition-neutral). The Agencies recommend that Sweden should adopt the following standpoints concerning development of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme after 2012. (Recommended changes to the system presuppose a harmonised implementation throughout the EU.): In connection with international negotiations, Sweden should press for the Emissions Trading Scheme to be developed in such a way as to make it possible to achieve emission reductions in line with Council Conclusions (7619/1/05) in the form of total emission reductions of the order of 15-30 % in the industrialised countries by 2020. Sweden should press for the Scheme to be linked with other trading schemes, subject to retention of climate integrity. Linking can strengthen global climate policy ties and influence countries not having internationally binding climate commitments towards participating in some climate policy agreement. Linking also helps to counter international distortion of competition. There should be considerable opportunities for the use of CDM (or equivalent) credits in the Scheme, given that the EU has strict commitments on emission reductions. In order to ensure the system's climate integrity and competition neutrality, efforts should be aimed at ensuring that the total quantity of allowances in the Trading Scheme is decided directly at EU level (i.e. top-down), instead of as today starting from national allocation plans (i.e. bottom-up). Sweden should promote continued expansion of the Scheme to other sectors and for other gases. In 2013, it should be expanded to include emissions of carbon dioxide and PFC from primary and secondary aluminium production, carbon dioxide from certain chemical industry sectors, nitrous oxide from certain chemical industry sectors and methane from active coal mines. The European road transport sector can be included in the Scheme. However, this will pose challenges in respect of the effects on industrial competitiveness and developments within the road transport sector. In order to be able to adopt a firm position in the matter of how the road transport sector should be treated in relation to the EU ETS, Sweden should initiate in-depth studies of consequences of different options, including a separate trading scheme for the European transport sector. Purely biofuelled combustion installations should be excluded from the Scheme, and the monitoring requirements for pure biofuel streams in combustion installations that partly use biofuels should be abolished. Sweden should press for a broad and harmonised definition of the term 'combustion installation', bearing in mind the possible consequences for small installations. Efforts should be made to encourage auction procedures as the basis of allowance allocation for all sectors within the Scheme. However, until competitors outside the EU encounter some form of cost in connection with their carbon dioxide emissions, industry covered by the Scheme can continue to be allocated free allowances, preferably according to benchmarks common to the entire EU. The electricity and district heating sectors within the EU should not be allocated free allowances. These sectors' allowances should be distributed to the market by means of auctions that are open to all parties within the EU ETS. New entrants of the electricity and district heating sectors should be required to purchase their allowances on the market. Until auction procedures are introduced for existing industrial participants in the scheme, new entrants in the industrial sector should be allocated free allowances in accordance with common EU benchmarks where possible. Any surpluses from reserves kept for new entrants should be cancelled. If reserves are maintained for free allocation to new entrants, allocation of allowances to plants that have closed should cease.

  7. Langtidsbehandling med spinal cord-stimulation hos en patient med kronisk regionalt smertesyndrom type 1 og fantomsmerter efter amputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enggaard, Thomas P.; Scherer, Christian; Nikolajsen, Lone;

    2008-01-01

    The development of stump and phantom pain after limb amputation in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is very frequent. Stump pain is typically recurred CRPS and the possibilities for effective pharmacological pain relief are often limited. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has a wel...

  8. En randomiseret undersøgelse af effekten af telefonisk opfølgning efter hysterektomi i accelereret regime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Mette; Hornnes, Nete; Møller, Charlotte

    2005-01-01

    's need for further follow-up. Telephone interviews after two-four months revealed actual resumption of work and reasons for prolonged sick leave. There was no difference between the number of women with questions that remained unanswered or the need for a nurse initiated telephone follow-up in the two...... of complications found in this and other studies, post discharge follow-up should be optional for all women after hysterectomy - also in an accelerated stay program. KEY WORDS: Hysterectomy, accelerated stay program, telephone follow-up, randomised controlled trial Lukk Vindu...

  9. Når innovation og fagligt samspil saetter fag under pres - fagdidaktisk kommunikation i det danske gymnasium efter reformen 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Hobel

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available After the 2005 reform of the Danish gymnasium, it has become a requirement that students are trained in interdisciplinarity and that their innovative skills are developed. In the public discussion “innovation” has been embedded in two different discourses: a market oriented discourse and a citizenship oriented discourse. This study examines whether the school subjects under this pressure develop and converge into one unified school subject: a market orientated social science. This is examined through a case study of an interdisciplinarian course in the first year of the Danish gymnasium on Corporate Social Responsibility. The students first work with this topic in the context of English, Social Science and Innovation, and then have to advise a Danish concern about how to improve and develop the CSR-strategy of one of its subsidiary companies in India.The data of the study are central documents from political level, from the level of the Ministry of Education, and from the course. These documents are triangulated with interviews with teachers and students. The results of the study are based on a discourse analysis of these documents.The central finding of the study is that the different school subjects do not converge into one market oriented school subject. The students do not limit themselves to give instrumental and means-oriented advices to the concern about how they can use the CSR-strategy as a mean of increasing its profits. The teachers act in a paradigm of challenge oriented didactics. The teachers establish a subject oriented and interdiscipline oriented didactical discussion about how the school subjects in different ways can contribute to a professional debate about epochal core problems (in this course: the enviroment and social inequality, and the students discuss how the subsidiary company can contribute to the solution of these problems. They add that these initiatives will benefit the company. Thus, through didactical reflection and the planning and execution of a course the teachers re-contextualize the requirement about interdisciplinarity and innovation in a way that has Bildungs-Potenzial.

  10. Trandolaprils betydning for overlevelse efter AMI hos patienter med nedsat funktion af venstre ventrikel. TRACE Study Group

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Køber, L; Torp-Pedersen, C T; Carlsen, J E; Bagger, H; Eliasen, P; Lyngborg, K; Videbaek, J

    1997-01-01

    Angiotensin converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibition reduces mortality among patients surviving an acute myocardial infarction, but whether to give ACE-inhibitors to all patients or target their use to selected patients is unclear. Seven thousand and one consecutive enzyme-confirmed myocardial infarcti......Angiotensin converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibition reduces mortality among patients surviving an acute myocardial infarction, but whether to give ACE-inhibitors to all patients or target their use to selected patients is unclear. Seven thousand and one consecutive enzyme-confirmed myocardial...... infarctions were screened. One thousand seven hundred and forty-nine patients with echocardiographic signs of left ventricular dysfunction were randomized to oral trandolapril (876 patients) or placebo (873 patients) starting from days three to seven following the infarction. Average follow-up was 27 months.......63-0.89) and sudden death (RR 0.76, CI 0.59-0.98). Progression to severe/resistant heart failure was reduced (RR 0.71, CI 0.56-0.90). Recurrent myocardial infarction (fatal or non-fatal) was not significantly reduced (RR 0.86, CI 0.66-1.13). It is concluded that long-term treatment with trandolapril in...

  11. Ældre patienter bør tilbydes fysisk træning tidligt efter kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beyer, Nina; Suetta, Charlotte Arneboe

    2013-01-01

    The use of fast-track regimes has led to a marked decline in complication rates post surgery. Nevertheless, older people have an increased risk of loss of muscle mass and strength and disability post surgery compared to younger adults. Consequently, attempts to counteract these problems seem highly...

  12. Praenatal diagnostik i Arhus og Viborg Amter efter implementering af første trimester-risikovurdering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørring, Niels; Jølving, Line Riis; Petersen, Olav Bennike Bjørn; Holmskov, Anni; Hertz, Jens Michael; Uldbjerg, Niels

    2008-01-01

    In 2004 the Danish National Board of Health issued new guidelines for prenatal diagnostics in Denmark. The guidelines include a general offer to all pregnant women in Denmark of first trimester risk assessment of combined non-invasive tests integrating measurement of nuchal translucency and mater...... maternal biochemistry for detection of fetal chromosomal abnormalities like trisomy 21, and replacing the screening criteria of > or =35 of age....

  13. Praenatal diagnostik i Arhus og Viborg Amter efter implementering af første trimester-risikovurdering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørring, Niels; Jølving, Line Riis; Petersen, Olav Bennike Bjørn; Holmskov, Anni; Hertz, Jens Michael; Uldbjerg, Niels

    2008-01-01

    translucency and maternal biochemistry for detection of fetal chromosomal abnormalities like trisomy 21, and replacing the screening criteria of > or =35 of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is based on registered data covering 5,504 pregnancies during the period 1 July 2005 to 31 December 2005 in Aarhus...... and Viborg Counties. RESULTS: 77% of the pregnant women had a complete combined test and only 2% declined the program. At a cut off at 1:400 at term the detection rate for trisomy 21 was 85% (CI: 62.1-96.8%) with a false positive rate of 3.4%. There was a significant reduction in the number of...

  14. Thulesagen. Dødelighed og hospitalsindlæggelser efter nedstyrtning af et amerikansk B-52 bombefly i 1968

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel, K

    1993-01-01

    found in total mortality, or mortality from cancer, heart disease or accidents between the groups after adjusting for age, marital status and length of employment. Mortality from suicide was lower in the study group. The hospitalization rates for the period 1977-1985 also showed no differences between...

  15. Growth and endocrine disorders sequlae to cancer treatment in children. Endokrine og vaekstmaessige senfoelger efter cancerbehandling af boern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birkebaek, N.H.; Helgestad, J.E.

    1994-08-01

    Growth and endocrinological disturbances are possible late side-effects of cancer treatment in childhood. These side-effects can be treated, thus their discovery is important. The side-effects particularly appear in the years following treatment with irradiation and/or alkylating chemotherapy. After irradiation of the brain or the neck the function of the thyroid and the parathyroid glands should be tested every third month the first year, and later on annually. Two years after the end of treatment, the patient should be examined for growth hormone deficiency. This examination should the be carried out annually. One should be alert to symptoms of pubertas praecox the years prior to puberty. At the age when puberty is expected and therafter one should look for signs of secondary hypogonadism. Primary hypogonadism may follow radiotherapy below the diaphragm and/or treatment with alkylating chemotherapeutics; further, reduced fertility in men and early menopause in woman may follow these treatments. The bone structure of the face and the teeth may be damaged by radiation and chemotherapy, so therefore yearly examination by a dentist with specialty in this subject is recommended. Surgery in order to improve function may be a possibility. (au) (40 refs.).

  16. Når innovation og fagligt samspil saetter fag under pres - fagdidaktisk kommunikation i det danske gymnasium efter reformen 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Hobel

    2012-01-01

    After the 2005 reform of the Danish gymnasium, it has become a requirement that students are trained in interdisciplinarity and that their innovative skills are developed. In the public discussion “innovation” has been embedded in two different discourses: a market oriented discourse and a citizenship oriented discourse. This study examines whether the school subjects under this pressure develop and converge into one unified school subject: a market orientated social science. This is examined...

  17. Tuberkuløs artritis i en hofte 55 år efter primær tuberkulose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Kristoffer; Broeng, Leif; Meyer, Christian Niels

    2011-01-01

    We describe a case concerning tuberculous coxitis 55 years after primary tuberculosis. A 76-year old man developed hip pain, weight loss and a gluteal tumor. After three months he was diagnosed with tuberculous coxitis by ultrasound assisted aspiration from the joint. Anti-tuberculous chemotherap...

  18. Kan brugerne finde hvad de leder efter - på både PC og mobil?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Peter; Skolnik, Karin

    nyttigt eller nødvendigt i bestemte situationer. Fælles for den type informationsbehov er, at de i stigende grad søges dækket her-og-nu, på den medie-platform der nu er tilgængelig. Hvor opgaven tidligere typisk blev udskudt, til man kunne sidde stille og roligt om aftenen ved pc´en, søges den nu løst...

  19. Hver femte kirurg vasker ikke hænder efter toiletbesøg – et etnografisk feltstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Jakob; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Alamili, Mahdi;

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Non-compliance with regard to hand hygiene is a major problem in the health-care system especially among surgeons and anaesthetists. The purpose of this study was to examine the hand hygiene routines after toilet visits among participants attending an international surgical congress...... the effects of hand hygiene on bacterial transmission. FUNDING: not relevant. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was neither registered at the National Committee of Health Research nor at Clinical Trials since it did not meet the requirements of registration....... for observing whether hand washing (as a surrogate measure of hand hygiene) was performed after toilet visits by observers. Frequencies were compared using Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: A total of 100 persons were observed (80% males). Of the 50 males observed at the ACS meeting, ten males did not use hand...

  20. Betydningen af PCOS og overvægt for svangerskabs- og fødselskomplikationer efter fertilitetsbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naver, Klara; Nilas, Lisbeth; Jørgensen, Finn Stener;

    2013-01-01

    Et klinisk prospektivt multicenterstudie. Projektet består af prægravid karakteristik af kvinder med og uden polycystisk ovariesyndrom (PCOS) før de opstarter fertilitetsbehandling. Når deltagerne er blevet gravide følges de i graviditeten med ultralydskanninger og målinger af insulin resistens...

  1. Momsfritagelse for foreninger efter momslovens § 13, stk. 1, nr. 4 - en analyse af nyere dansk praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskildsen, Casper Bjerregaard

    2009-01-01

    Nærværende artikel har til formål at analysere national praksis i relation til momslovens (ML) § 13, stk. 1, nr. 4, der i flere tilfælde synes diskutabel. En række afgørelser i relation til foreninger med politiske og fagforeningsmæssige formål anses således enten for at tillægge fritagelsen et v...

  2. Resultater efter ekstrakorporal membranoxygeneringsbehandling af nyfødte og spaedbørn i Danmark 1995-2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Vibeke; Helvind, Morten H; Greisen, Gorm

    2007-01-01

    time of the survey. 42% of the parents reported sequels or suspicion of sequels. The primary sequels were reduced hearing, which was observed in eight infants, and chronic lung disease, which was observed in seven. Only one child was severely disabled. CONCLUSION: The underlying diagnoses, mortality...... and disability correspond to the results in an English randomised study....

  3. Forældretilstedeværelse ved modtagelse og behandling af tilskadekomne og akut syge børn er formentlig hensigtsmæssig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Pia Bredahl; Lomholt, Margrethe; Larsen, Claus Falck; Gätke, Mona Ring

    2011-01-01

    This review studies the literature on the effects of parental presence during treatment of injured and acutely ill children. Parents wish to stay with their child, and clinicians increasingly find it beneficial, probably correlated with increased experience. Studies indicate that the treatment of...... the child is not compromised by parental presence but only a few quasi-randomised, quantitative studies have been published, and many circumstances concerning parental presence have not been investigated sufficiently....

  4. Deneysel akut otitis medialı sıçanlarda penisilin ve montelukast sodyumun orta kulak mukozasına etkileri

    OpenAIRE

    Topalsan, Seçil Uçar; Huseynov, Tural; Sarıoğlu, Sülen; Şerbetçioğlu, Bülent

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To develop an experimental acute suppurative otitis media model and compare the responses of rats to penicillin and combinations of leukotriene antagonist with respect to histopathological observations conducted at both early and late phases. Methods: A total of eighty-three ears from fifty six Wistar rats used in this study. Pneumococcus suspension was injected transtympanically to all the rats. Subjects were class...

  5. Spontaneously reversible portal vein thrombosis complicating acute pancreatits - computed tomographic findings; Computertomographische Verlaufsbeobachtungen der spontanen Rueckbildung von Portalvenenthrombosen bei akuter Pankreatitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirchner, J.; Lorenz, F.; Vlahovic, J. [Klinikum Niederberg Velbert (Germany). Abt. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Kirchner, E.M. [Klinikum Duisburg (Germany). Klinik fuer Innere Medizin

    2008-07-01

    Portal vein thrombosis complicating acute pancreatitis is more often diagnosed today due to the improved imaging techniques (computed tomography, ultrasound, nmr). Nevertheless the outcome of recent portal vein thrombosis is ill-known. We report on the computed tomographic findings and clinical course of portal vein thrombosis in two patients suffering from acute pancreatitis. Both patients showed spontaneous recanalization of the thrombosis. (orig.)

  6. Varicel-associeret morbiditet hos børn i kemoterapi for akut lymfoblastær leukæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Gitte Vrelits; Helgestad, Jon; Rosthøj, Steen

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In children with cancer, varicella can be complicated by visceral dissemination with a risk of fatal outcome, especially in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Immunoprophylaxis and antiviral therapy have reduced the mortality, but the morbidity remains significant an...

  7. Perbedaan Efektifitas Antasida, Ranitidin Dan Omeprazol Dalam Pencegahan Perdarahan Saluran Cerna Bagian Atas Dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Terjadinya Pneumonia Serta Outcome Penderita Stroke Akut.

    OpenAIRE

    Batubara, Chairil Amin

    2014-01-01

    Background: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is one of acute stroke complications. Giving an antacid, ranitidine or omeprazole may prevent UGIB, but may increase the occurrence of pnumonia, thus it will affect the outcome of acute stroke patients. Objective: This study aimed to determine the differences in the effectiveness of antacids, ranitidine and omeprazole in the prevention of UGIB and its influence on the occurrence of pneumonia and acute stroke patient outcomes. Methodolog...

  8. Metastase til os temporale som årsag til akut vestibulært syndrom og hørenedsættelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grubbe Gregersen, Kristine; Hansen, Søren

    2013-01-01

    Metastasis to the petrous apex of the temporal bone may cause acute peripheral vestibular syndrome and impaired hearing or be asymptomatic. Contrast computed tomography should be performed to exclude pathology in the temporal bone in patients with vestibulocochlear deficit, a history of cancer...

  9. HUBUNGAN KUALITAS SANITASI RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAPASAN AKUT (ISPA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS IV DENPASAR SELATAN KOTA DENPASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gede Sumertha Gapar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Besides positive results, the rapid development and growth of Denpasar City has also brought some problems to the Government of Denpasar City, for example the emergence of housing complexes that did not meet health standards and requirements. This problem can cause negative impacts toward the health condition of city residents, especially in the form of diseases influenced by environment factors such as acute respiratory infections (ARI. Based on that phenomena this study was carried out to examine the causal relationship between home sanitation factors (ventilation, natural lighting, humidity, temperature, population density, and air pollution and the event of acute respiratory infections (ARI in the working area of Public Health Centre IV of Denpasar Selatan District, in Denpasar City. This study had an observational nature and employed a cross-sectional design. Based on data analysis applied, this study belong to analytical studies. Population size of this study was 5,777 and covered all inhabited houses in the working areas of Public Health Centre IV of Denpasar Selatan District. Sample of 97 houses were taken using proporsional stratified random sampling. Statistical tests shows that: (1 the quality of house sanitation has a significance value p = 0.000 (sig p <0.05, (2 house ventilation has a significance value = 0.162 (sig p>0.05, (3 natural lighting has a significance value p=0.002 (sig p<0.05, (4 Room humidity has a significance value p=0.003 (sig p<0.05, (5 Room temperature has a significance value p=0.491 (sig p>0.05, (6 house population density has a significance value p=0.123 (sig p>0.05, (7 Air population in the house has a significance value p=0.001(sig p<0.05. Based on the results of our study it can be concluded that the quality of house sanitation affect the event of acute respiratory infections (ARI diseases. The variables of house sanitation that affect the event of ARI diseases are: room humidity (OR=0.321, air population in the house (OR= 0.233, natural lighting (OR= 0.151. Our study found that the probability of people who live in a house with below-standard-sanitationquality to be stricken by ARI diseases was 97.7%. Based on the results of our study it can be suggested that to the people that built the house of a qualified health.

  10. Hepatit A geçiren hastada akut ürtiker ve Guillain-Barre like sendromun birlikteliği

    OpenAIRE

    GERENLİ, Nelgin Esenrodoplu; GÜVEN, Feray; UYGUR, Nihan; AKYÜZ, Ümit; Say, Aysu

    2004-01-01

    Hepatitis A infection (HAV) may present with extrahepatic manifestations rather than causing typical hepatitis. These are: urticarial rash, vasculitis, arthritis, transient arthralgia, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, cryoglobulinemia, . Guillain-Barre Syndrome and polymyositis. We report a case of 4.5 years old boy with a rare association of acute HAV infection and urticarial rash accompanied by Guillain-Barre like Syndrome.

  11. Çinkonun (Zn+2 Gümüş Balığı (Atherina boyeri, Risso, 1810 Üzerine Akut Toksisitesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cafer BULUT

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study it was aimed to determine acute toxicity of zinc on sand smelt (Atherina boyeri. In the experiments were used sand smelt which have average length of 4.41±0.068 cm and weights 0.60±0.027 g. The test fish were exposed to following concentrations of zinc (7.78, 12.96, 21.6, 36, 60 and 100 mg/L for 24 hours. In preparation of test solutions zinc sulphate and artesian water which has temperature 19° C, total hardness 350 mg/L CaCO3 and 5.72 mg/L DO. Test fish were placed in plastic containers to replications experimental groups as hourly and daily morphological observations were made and recorded time of death in acute toxicity test. In zinc-acute toxicity test were used static bioassay methods for 24 hour intervals. Data obtained from the zinc acute toxicity tests were evaluated using the Probit Analysis to LC50 and LT50. LC50 zinc concentrations values were ranged between 1.768 mg/L were observed. The longer the duration of zinc showed a decrease in the value of LC50. LC50 value of the application factor is applied (1.768x0.1 to sand smelt zinc maximum acceptable concentration (safe concentration, 0.1768 mg/L Zn+2, respectively. Lethal concentration, depending on the time interval is 1 hour and 5 minutes to 6 hours 27 minutes LT50 values ranged and decreases the concentrations of zinc have been found. During the experiment, the surface concentrations of fish depending on the movements of assembly and also the opposite effect and side swims away from a fast-moving, uncontrolled swimming, to escape out of the water movement, perpendicular to the water, swimming, breathing movements are observed

  12. Toksisitas Akut per Oral Ekstrak Etanol Daun Dewa (Gynura pseudochina (Lour. DC terhadap Kondisi Lambung Tikus Jantan dan Betina Galur Wistar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yesi Astri

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Acute oral toxicity is the adverse effects occurring within a short time of oral administration of a single dose of a substance or multiple doses given within 24 hours through body’s organs. Gastrointestinal tract potentially influenced by toxic materials exposure, shown as gastric erosion and ulcer. This is an acute oral toxicity experimental research, held in Pharmacology laboratorium of Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital on July–September 2009. This research aims to determine ethanol extract of Dewa leaf acute toxicity to gaster by measuring ulcer index of ethanol extract of Dewa leaf (Gynura pseudochina (Lour. DC in Wistar rats. This research approached with 3R (reduction, refinement and replacement to overcome negative impact. Ulcer index determined by ulcer’s quantity and diameter due to rats necropsy at 15th day, and histopathology examined. The results are statistically analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and then continued with one sample T-test on Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS for windows version 13.0, at 95% confidence interval level. Ulcer index significantly different between control group and ethanol extract of Dewa leaf group dose >1.625 g/kgBB (p1.625 g/kgBB.

  13. Mardin\\'deki akut gastroenteritli çocuklarda Rotavirüs ve Enterik Adenovirüs sıklığı

    OpenAIRE

    Tekin, Alicem

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: Infectious gastroenteritis is one of most important causes of morbidity and mortality in children. Rotavirus and enteric adenoviruses are the most important agents of infectious gastroenteritis. Little is known about the epidemiology of rotavirus and enteric adenovirus gastroenteritis in our region. This study was aimed to determine the frequency of rotavirus and enteric adenovirus gastroenteritis in pediatric patients admitted to our hospital. Materials and Methods: Fresh sto...

  14. Akut ve kronik oroantral açıklıkların cerrahi tedavisi: 33 vakalık klinik çalışma

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet Cihan Bereket; İsmail Şener; Enes Özkan; Mustafa Kaynar; Erman Şenel

    2013-01-01

    Oroantral comunications are known as pathological connections occuring between the oral cavity and maxillary sinus. Early treatment of this condition prevents the development of sinusitis and fistula, as well as the need for more complex methods of treating patients and the possibility of recurrence. In this study; age, sex, etiologic factors, location of the opening, methods of treatment and early complications of 33 patients that surgically treated in Ondokuz Mayıs University, Facu...

  15. Akut akromioklaviküler eklem çıkıklarında endobutton ile tesbit yöntemi

    OpenAIRE

    Raif Özden; Vedat Uruç; İbrahim Gökhan Duman; Yunus Doğramacı; Aydıner Kalacı; Erkam Kömürcü

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocation is a common injury frequently affecting young athletes. The aim of this study is to evaluate postoperative functional results in cases diagnosed with acute AC joint dislocation stabilized with endobutton system. Methods: This fixation procedure has been applied on 10 patients. Indications of the technique included: a grade V AC joint dislocation (7 patients), and grade III AC joint dislocation (3 patient) according to Rockwood classifica...

  16. Diagnose- und Therapieempfehlungen für das akute Koronarsyndrom mit und ohne ST-Hebung 2005: Implementierung der neuesten internationalen Richtlinien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huber K

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Kaum ein Bereich innerhalb der Kardiologie ist in den vergangenen Jahren einem stärkeren Wechsel in Definition, Diagnostik und Therapie unterworfen gewesen wie der des akuten Koronarsyndroms. Neben einer Änderung der Definition des Myokardinfarktes – jeder Zustand, der mit einer Erhöhung spezifischer Myokardmarker einhergeht, ist heute als Infarkt aufzufassen, klinisch unterscheidet man aber zwischen Infarkten mit und ohne ST-Hebungen – haben sich auch die therapeutischen Strategien geändert. Bei der instabilen Angina und beim Nicht-ST-Hebungsinfarkt wird je nach Risikostratifizierung eine zunehmend aggressive kombinierte antithrombotische Therapie bei gleichzeitigem früh-invasivem Vorgehen empfohlen. Möglichst frühe Reperfusionsmaßnahmen, entweder in Form der primären perkutanen Koronar-Intervention mittels Herzkatheter, Ballondilatation und Stentimplantation, oder in Form der pharmakologischen Reperfusion (in-hospitale oder prä-hospitale Thrombolysetherapie sind die bevorzugten Therapiemöglichkeiten beim ST-Hebungsinfarkt. Für beide Strategien muß auf zeitliche Abläufe und eine umfassende Organisation der Diagnose-, Transport- und Behandlungsmodalitäten sowie auf die lokalen Gegebenheiten geachtet werden. Denkbare Organisationsstrukturen für den Großstadtbereich (Modell Wien und einem eher ländlichen Umfeld einer interventionellen Abteilung (Modell Tirol werden vorgestellt und diskutiert. Die Zukunft der Infarktbehandlung könnte in einer Symbiose pharmakologischer und interventioneller Maßnahmen liegen und zu einer weiteren Senkung der Infarkt-Mortalität beitragen. Die Verknüpfung von prä-interventionellen pharmakologischen Maßnahmen, wie Thrombolysetherapie, GPIIb/IIIa-Rezeptor-Blockade, oder die Kombination beider Möglichkeiten mit einer unmittelbaren mechanischen Intervention wird derzeit wissenschaftlich untersucht und noch immer kontroversiell gesehen.

  17. Transabdominal, kontrastforstærket og endoskopisk ultralydskanning til bestemmelse af ætiologi og sværhedsgrad ved akut pankreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Anders Møller; Malmstrøm, Marie Louise; Novovic, Srdan;

    2013-01-01

    A transabdominal ultrasound examination is part of the standard work-up for patients with acute pancreatitis. Transabdominal ultrasound examination displays a high sensitivity for the detection of gallbladder stones. With the recent introduction of contrast enhancement in ultrasound it has become...... possible to determine the severity of acute pancreatitis. Endoscopic ultrasound has shown a high sensitivity in the diagnosis of stones in the common bile duct and is an important peroperative surgical tool in endoscopic transgastric necrosectomi as well....

  18. Akut Anteriyor Miyokard İnfarktüsünde Sol Atriyal Volüm Değişiklikleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenan İltümür

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Prognostic value of left atrial volume after acute myocardial infarction (AMIis well known. This study was planned to evaluate left atrial volume changes and the effect of these changes on diastolic parameters in patients with anterior myocardial infarction with preserved ejection fraction.Thirty-four consecutive patients with anterior AMI were enrolled in this study along with sex and age matched 20 normal controls. In addition, to the standard echocardiographic evaluation, left atrial (LA volume measurements and tissue doppler analysis were done.Left atrial maximal volume (43.6±8.8 vs 38.7±5.3 ml; p0.05 and total emptying volume (24.1±4.1 vs 22.1±2.9; p>0.05 were not significant between two groups. In AMI group, passive emptying volume and its fraction was lower, although active emptying volume and its fraction was higher than controls. At the same time pulmonary vein systolic and diastolic flows were lower in AMI group. There was a significant relationship between left ventricular diastolic parameters (mitral E/A and mitral tissue E’/A’ and LA active emptying volume in AMI group ( r= -0,35 and r=-0,36 p<0,05, respectively.Our study suggested that left atrial volume changes are significant in the AMI. In addition, these changes are parallel to diastolic dysfunction. Left atrial volume changes may be used more confidently compared to mitral valve’s diastolic parameters that are variable.

  19. Gradiva, Pigen der går fremad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Henrik

    Analyse af kopi i gips efter antikt relief, kaldet "Gradiva". Fra Sigmund Freud over Surrelismen til Alain Robbe-Grillet.......Analyse af kopi i gips efter antikt relief, kaldet "Gradiva". Fra Sigmund Freud over Surrelismen til Alain Robbe-Grillet....

  20. Kronisk hepatitis C og hepatocellulært karcinom konstateret efter påvisning af forhøjede levertal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallager, Sofie; Weis, Nina

    2015-01-01

    Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) affects around 16,000 individuals in Denmark of whom about 50% are diagnosed. In the presence of CHC and cirrhosis the annual risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is 1-5%. We report on two patients who presented with disseminated HCC at the time of CHC diagnosis. At the...... time of diagnosis only non-curative treatment was available. An earlier diagnosis of CHC could potentially have led to a cure and prevention of HCC....

  1. Analys av mikro-polyvinylalkoholbubblor (PVA-MB) med kontaktfri konduktivitetsdetektor (CCD) efter  kapillärelektrofores (CE) separation

    OpenAIRE

    Bergman, Emma; JUN, YAMAZAKI; HAMMAN, TIMOUR; Rodrigo Fachal, Garcia Maynez

    2015-01-01

      This study evaluated the possible uses for a custom-made Capillary Electrophoresis Contactless Conductivity Detector (CE-CCD). One of the key objectives was to determine whether measurements of conductivity with the device could replace UV-spectroscopy to analyze a range of samples, in particular PVA-MB and monosaccharides. Furthermore, to determine the feasibility of using the specific device as a substitute for UV-spectroscopy analysis, two commercial reference devices were used: one cont...

  2. After the oil peak - How do we build preparedness with divergent visions of the future?; Efter oljetoppen - Hur bygger vi beredskap naer framtidsbilderna gaar isaer?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helmfrid, Hillevi; Haden, Andrew

    2006-04-15

    This report was written to highlight important issues regarding the preparedness of Swedish society for a potential scarcity of crude oil and possible rapid increases in energy prices. The report consists of nine chapters covering the following topics: Chapter 1 introduces and describes the purpose of the report. Chapter 2 summarizes the available information related to the future availability of conventional crude oil and describes the theory of oil production 'peak'. Chapter 3 examines estimates of future oil demand using IEA global demand forecasts. Chapter 4 considers the question: 'when will oil production peak'? We examine the assumptions behind the various prognoses. Chapter 5 offers a broad overview of the importance of oil consumption for society. The chapter highlights the concept of Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI) as it pertains to fossil and renewable energy sources. The EROEI of conventional crude oil has historically been very high. This is not true of many alternative fuels. In addition to discussing its various current uses, we consider the implications of oil consumption for the current economic order and for international political relations. Chapter 6 deals specifically with the role of oil in the Swedish food system, and the Swedish forestry system, which together comprise the Swedish 'green sector'. As of this writing, much attention is focused on agriculture and forestry as future energy sources for society. At the same time, we know that agriculture and forestry, as practiced today, are large consumers of fossil fuels. How this paradox can be resolved is a central question for modern societies, and implies significant changes for agriculture and forestry systems, and their associated industries. As an illustration, we offer baseline calculations of the amount of land that would need to be dedicated to raw material production for biofuels, given the current productivity of Sweden's agriculture and forestry, and the efficiency of existing technology for converting raw material to biofuels. We estimate the land needed to meet Sweden's gasoline and diesel use in the following forms: ethanol from wheat, biodiesel from rapeseed (RME), dimethyl ether (DME) from woody biomass, ethanol from woody biomass, and biogas produced from dedicated pasture crops. Our calculations indicate that Sweden would require as little as 4 million hectares of dedicated pasture crops to be grown for biogas production to replace its gasoline and diesel consumption, 6 million hectares to produce an equivalent amount of ethanol and RME, or 15 million hectares of forestland to replace this consumption by converting wood into ethanol or DME and/or methanol. Given that Sweden currently has 2.6 million hectares of arable land in active production, and approximately 22.7 million hectares of economically productive forestland, becoming free of oil dependence will be a significant challenge. Chapter 7 presents two future visions from the year 2100. The visions highlight the current diversity of values and expectations that exist in Sweden regarding the future development. The visions take into account three system levels: 1) the global level, 2) Sweden at the national level and, 3) the Swedish 'green sector'. These three system levels are described within two broad future visions: a) the 'high-energy society' and b) the 'low-energy society'. The 'high-energy society' vision is based on the assumption that replacing oil will be relatively easy. In contrast, the 'low-energy society' vision is based on the assumption that today's high level of energy consumption will be impossible to maintain after global oil production peaks, and society will be forced to find new patterns of organization that require less energy consumption. In both visions it is presumed that global solidarity is maintained, and humanity is able to equalize the global income gap, preserve world peace and protect the environment. Chapter 8 looks closer at the two visions and analyzes the risks associated with steering society towards one of the two visions if the fundamental assumptions underlying that vision turn out to be incorrect. The salient features of the high-energy vision stem from assumptions made regarding nature and technology, including: the potential for energy-efficient capture of carbon dioxide, the long-term sustainability of biofuel production, the potential of breakthroughs in solar-hydrogen technology, improved photosynthesis through genetic engineering, increased energy efficiency through information technology solutions, and the potential to close material cycles while maintaining high levels of energy use. The high-energy vision further assumes stable oil prices, that income inequality between nations will automatically be equalized in a free market setting, that we can protect the climate while maintaining high levels of energy use, that efficiency gains will not be nullified through higher consumption, and that society is able to monitor the global ecosystem and thereby avoid unpleasant surprises. The salient features of the low-energy vision stem from the assumption that current economic, political, and institutional realities need to be re-oriented towards post-materialist values, while new ground rules for trade and development are instituted at the global level that promote justice and resource stewardship, thus allowing the global economy to contract in an orderly fashion without collapsing. Chapter 9 presents our conclusions. Our analysis indicates that if the assumptions underlying the high-energy vision prove to be incorrect, there is a risk that the social and ecological consequences could be severe. A primary drawback with the low-energy vision is that it is extremely difficult to imagine when and how this vision would be enacted, given current trends.

  3. "Efter nu aktuell händelse så upplever hon stor skuld och skam"- Konstruktionen av den kvinnliga rattfylleristen i frivårdens personutredningar

    OpenAIRE

    Petters, Karin

    2008-01-01

    Every year, approximately 17 500 drunk drivers are sued in Sweden. Of these, only 10 percent are women. The women are therefore considered a minority. In this study, I have taken interest in how the female drunk driver is constructed implemented by the probation service. By using critical discourse analysis I have found that the woman in these investigations is contributed the role of a deviant in two senses. She deviates because she is a woman who has committed a criminal deed and also becau...

  4. Kvinnor söker efter information, män vill bli uppdaterade : Genusperspektiv på revisionsmöten

    OpenAIRE

    Fallemark, Johanna; Öström, Sara

    2008-01-01

    På 70-talet startades en debatt om skillnaden mellan biologiskt och socialt konstruerat kön och ordet genus kom att bli benämningen på det sociala könet. Forskare idag menar att det inte är en slump att kvinnor oftare än män väljer yrken som kräver en högre social kompetens, då könen besitter olika egenskaper. Bland annat anses män vara bättre på abstrakt matematik medan kvinnor har lättare för att använda och tolka icke-verbala signaler. För att kunna se i vilken utsträckning könsskillnader ...

  5. Förbättrad balans hos kvinnliga innebandyspelare efter fem veckors balansträning i relation till skaderisk. : En kombinerad litteraturstudie och empirisk studie

    OpenAIRE

    Olinder, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Balance is a complicated term which includes a static, dynamic and functional part. These parts have, during a long period of time, been included into the existing training programs through several different balance exercises, which aim to prevent sports injuries mostly focused on the knee and ankle. In floorball these injuries are common and a sports injury prevention program is required. Purpose: The purpose is to explain the balance term and relate it to injury prevention tra...

  6. Patienters oplevelse af deltagelse i et accelereret operationsforløb efter en kolonoperation. En fænomenologisk undersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norlyk, Annelise

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore patients’ lived experiences of participating in a fast-track programme after colonical surgery within a phenomenological framework. 16 patients suffering from colonic cancer were interviewed twice. Transcriptions of the interviews were analysed using Reflective...... Lifeworld Research. Participating in the programme involved facing several dilemmas. It was not always easy for the patients to find the strength, courage, and will to comply with the daily regimen because discomfort and vulnerability could undermine their abilities to follow the recommendations. In this...

  7. Sökande efter mening och identitet - upplevelser i samband med pensionering : En explorativ studie med pensionärers egna berättelser som grund.

    OpenAIRE

    Christensson, Jenny

    2015-01-01

    This is a qualitative study aiming to examine peoples’ experiences when retiring. In that purpose a criteria based sample has been used, participants have been asked in that they fulfilled the criteria’s to be a retiree within the age of 65 to 71 years of age. The reason of the age criteria was that the experiences should not be so far away in time. Data has been collected through 11 semi-structured interviews which has been recorded and transcribed ongoing during the collecting of data. Them...

  8. Magnetisk resonans-spektroskopi ved fibromyalgi. En undersøgelse af fosfat-31 spektra fra skeletmuskulaturen i hvile, under og efter arbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Søren; Jensen, K E; Thomsen, C;

    1994-01-01

    31phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance (31P NMR) spectroscopy of painful calf muscle was performed in 12 patients with fibromyalgia and 7 healthy subjects during rest, aerobic and anaerobic exercising conditions, and postexercise recovery. Ratios of inorganic phosphate and creatine phosphate (Pi...

  9. Smertetilstand og psykologisk distress før uheldet prædikterer gener efter whiplash-traume - sekundærpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, Tina Birgitte; Frostholm, Lisbeth; Ørnbøl, Eva;

    2009-01-01

    Patients with acute whiplash trauma were followed to examine if pre-collision pain and psychological distress were associated with reduced work capability and neck pain at 12 month follow-up. Pre-collision unspecified pain was associated with reduced work capability, and neck pain and pre......-collision psychological distress was associated with neck pain. In conclusion unspecified pain (as opposed to specified pain) and high accumulation of pre-collision psychological distress (as opposed to a single psychological disorder) before the collision was associated with poor recovery at follow-up....

  10. Når innovation og fagligt samspil saetter fag under pres - fagdidaktisk kommunikation i det danske gymnasium efter reformen i 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Hobel, Peter

    2012-01-01

    After the 2005 reform of the Danish gymnasium, ithas become a requirement that students are trained in interdisciplinarity andthat their innovative skills are developed. In the public discussion“innovation” has been embedded in two different discourses: a market orienteddiscourse and a citizenship oriented discourse. This study examines whether theschool subjects under this pressure develop and converge into one unifiedschool subject: a market orientated social science. This is examined throu...

  11. Kan karkirurgi nedsaette amputationsfrekvensen? En amputationsopgørelse i Viborg Amt før og efter indførelsen af eget karkirurgisk afsnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, J S; Bøvling, S; Fasting, H;

    1993-01-01

    In June 1988 a Department of Vascular Surgery was established in the County of Viborg, Denmark. In a retrospective study, 314 patients had 337 major amputations within two time periods: 1986-1987, and 1989-1990. The number of patients seen by a vascular surgeon rose significantly from 19% in the ...

  12. Opfølgning efter nontyfoid Salmonella-bakteriæmi er vigtig på grund af risiko for endovaskulær infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sydenham, Thomas Vognbjerg; Andersen, Åse Bengård

    2015-01-01

    An 81-year-old male with atherosclerosis had an episode of bacteraemia with Salmonella dublin six weeks prior to admission to hospital. He presented with confusion, fever and abdominal pain. Blood cultures revealed S. dublin, and an 18F-fluor deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tom......An 81-year-old male with atherosclerosis had an episode of bacteraemia with Salmonella dublin six weeks prior to admission to hospital. He presented with confusion, fever and abdominal pain. Blood cultures revealed S. dublin, and an 18F-fluor deoxyglucose positron emission tomography...

  13. Att vara eller inte vara Charlie : En retorisk analys av opinionsmaterial från svenska webbtidningar efter attentatet mot Charlie Hebdos redaktion

    OpenAIRE

    Henrikson, Emilie; Lundholm, Erica

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to examine the argumentation regarding freedom of speech and the statement “je suis Charlie” (“I am Charlie”) in eight opinion articles from different Swedish web magazines. Two doctotral dissertations who’s main topics are the freedom of speech and different types of arguments regarding freedom of speach, was used in this study. The study also uses the actual Swedish law surrounding the freedom of speech, as well as the freedom of the press and breaches of these laws. Also me...

  14. The effect of leadership charisma, engagement and group belonging on volunteer work performance: AKUT search and rescue associationLiderlik karizması, adanmışlık ve gruba aidiyetin gönüllü çalışma performansına etkileri: AKUT arama kurtarma derneği örneği

    OpenAIRE

    Caymaz, Ebru; Erenel, Fahri; Gürer, Burak

    2013-01-01

    AbstractLeadership charisma, has been emphasized in terms of performance improvement by inspiring organization’s values and norms and making employees spend extra effort for oganization’s objectives especially in hospitals and voluntary organizations (Choi, 2006; Etzioni, 1975; Grojean vd., 2004; Pillai ve Meindl, 1998; Shamir vd., 1993; Sims ve Brinkmann, 2002; Yammarino vd., 1993). In previous studies emphasis was usually on the effects of leadership charisma on work performance. Studies in...

  15. The effect of leadership charisma, engagement and group belonging on volunteer work performance: AKUT search and rescue association

    Liderlik karizması, adanmışlık ve gruba aidiyetin gönüllü çalışma performansına etkileri: AKUT arama kurtarma derneği örneği

    OpenAIRE

    Ebru Caymaz; Fahri Erenel; Burak Gürer

    2013-01-01

    AbstractLeadership charisma, has been emphasized in terms of performance improvement by inspiring organization’s values and norms and making employees spend extra effort for oganization’s objectives especially in hospitals and voluntary organizations (Choi, 2006; Etzioni, 1975; Grojean vd., 2004; Pillai ve Meindl, 1998; Shamir vd., 1993; Sims ve Brinkmann, 2002; Yammarino vd., 1993). In previous studies emphasis was usually on the effects of leadership charisma on work performance. Studies in...

  16. Asuhan Keperawatan pada Tn. H dengan Prioritas Masalah Kebutuhan Dasar Nyeri di RSUD. dr. Pirngadi Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Nurhafizoh

    2015-01-01

    Gastritis merupakan peradangan mukosa lambung yang bersifat akut, kronik difus, atau lokal dengan karakteristik anoreksia, rasa penuh, tidak enak pada epigastrik, mual dan muntah. Gastritis dibedakan menjadi 2 jenis yaitu gastritis akut dan gastritis kronik. Gastritis akut merupakan peradangan pada mukosa lambung yang menyebabkan erosi dan perdarahan mukosa lambung, setelah terpapar zat iritan. Erosi tidak mengenai lapisan otot lambung. Sedangkan gastritis kronik, merupakan gastritis yang ter...

  17. Salg og markedsføring af brugskunst i EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rørdam, Mette Ohm

    2012-01-01

    Brugskunst kan i Danmark beskyttes efter reglerne i ophavsretsloven i indtil 70 år efter ophavsmandens død. I England beskyttes brugskunst kun i 25 år efter designretlige regler. Derfor kan der i England lovligt produceres og sælges brugskunst, der er ophavsretlig beskyttet i Danmark, uden aftale...

  18. Trauma Associated Acute Navicular Salmonella Osteomyelitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soner Sertan Kara

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Akut osteomyelit tani ve tedavide gecikme olmasi durumunda yol acabilecegi olasi sekeller ve mortalite nedeniyle tahrip edici olabilecek bir hastaliktir. Navikula nadiren tutulur ve Salmonella turleri de saglikli cocuklarda akut osteomyelite neden olabilir. Burada 4 yasinda, daha once bilinen bir immun yetmezligi, orak hucreli anemisi, hic bir gastrointestinal yakinma ya da supheli besin tuketim oykusu olmayan, ancak ayak bilegi burkulma oykusu olan ve akut navikuler Salmonella osteomiyeliti tanisi konulan bir erkek cocuk olgusu sunulmustur. Hasta cerrahi gecirmeden ve komplikasyon gelismeden iyilesmistir. Travma, altta yatan hastaligi olmayan, saglikli cocuklarda Salmonella osteomyelitini kolaylastirabilmektedir. Uygun tani ve tedavi, akut osteomiyelitin komplikasyonlarini ve gerekebilecek bir cerrahi girisimi engelleyebilir.

  19. Myocardial Infarction and Risk of Suicide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Karen Kjær; Agerbo, Esben; Christensen, Bo;

    2010-01-01

    Akut myokardieinfarkt og risikoen for selvmord: Et populationsbaseret case-control studie Baggrund Akut myokardieinfarkt (MI) er associeret med øget risiko for angst, depression, nedsat livskvalitet og mortalitet af alle årsager. Det er uvist om MI er associeret med øget risiko for selvmord. Vi u...

  20. Hubungan Antara Nilai Ankle Brachial Index Dengan Jumlah Arteri Koroner Yang Mengalami Stenosis dan Kejadian Kardiovaskular Setelah 6 Bulan Penderita Sindroma Koroner Akut di RS. H. Adam Malik Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Minaswary, Rinelia

    2016-01-01

    The presence of peripheral arterial disease in patients with coronary artery disease and especially with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), is associated with a poor cardiovascular disease. However, the majority of affected patients are assymptomatic and the condition is underdiagnosed. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) provides a simple method of diagnosis PAD. Aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of an abnormal ABI for identifying multivessel disease coronary artery disease in patient...

  1. Çocukluk dönemi akut idyopatik immün otoimmün trombositopenik purpurasmın insan parvovirus B19 virüsü ile ilişkisi

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmet KARATAŞ; Kadıoğlu, İsmail; Güray, Atilla; Şalcıoğlu, Zeki; Öztürk, Haydar

    2001-01-01

    Immunologic factors play the most important part in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura Viral agents also cause the disease by this way Human parvovirus B19 has been shown to play a part as a viral etiologic agent in thrombocytopenia In the present study 29 idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura patients were examined Parvovirus B1 9 IgM was present in 4 of 29 patients 13 7 and parvovirus B19 IgG positivity in 13 44 8 In the control group parvovirus B19 IgG positivity was 43 In 4 patients with p...

  2. Onyx (ethylene-vinyl-alcohol-copolymer). A novel approach to the endovascular treatment of acute bleeding; Onyx (Ethylen-Vinyl-Alkohol-Kopolymer). Ein neuer Anwendungsbereich in der endovaskulaeren Behandlung akuter peripherer Blutungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller-Wille, R.; Herold, T.; Jung, E. M.; Rennert, J.; Heiss, P.; Feuerbach, S.; Zorger, N. [Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik, Universitaetsklinikum Regensburg (Germany); Lenhart, M. [Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Sozialstiftung Bamberg (Germany); Paetzel, C. [Inst. fuer Radiologische Diagnostik, Klinikum Weiden (Germany)

    2009-08-15

    Purpose: The purpose of our retrospective study was to determine the feasibility and efficacy of the endovascular embolization of peripheral acute arterial hemorrhage using Onyx. Materials and Methods: Between October 2003 and February 2007, 14 patients with acute arterial bleeding underwent percutaneous arterial embolization using Onyx. Bleeding was caused by iatrogenic vessel injury (6 patients), malignancy/inflammation (5 patients) and trauma (3 patients). Hematomas were located in the pelvis (5 patients), followed by liver (3 patients), retroperitoneal space (2 patients), thorax (2 patients), pancreas (1 patient), and thigh (1 patient). The number of embolized arteries, the volume and viscosity of embolic agent (Onyx), the number of additionally used coils, the embolization time, and the technical and clinical outcome were documented. Procedure-related complications, recurrent bleeding during hospital stay and outcome were recorded. Results: In 14 patients selective endovascular embolization of 15 arteries was performed. The average volume of injected Onyx was 1.3 {+-} 0.8 ml. In 6 cases (42.9%) Onyx was used in conjunction with coils. The average time between the correct placement of microcatheter and complete embolization was 24.9 {+-} 12.6 minutes. In 13 of 14 patients (92.8%), embolization was technically successful. In one case, procedure-related complications occurred and embolization was performed in a second session a day later. After technically successful embolization, no recurrent bleeding occurred during hospitalization. Out of 14 patients, six (42.9%) died 1 - 38 days after technically successful embolization due to multiple organ failure (2 patients), hypoxic brain injury (2 patients), septic shock (1 patient) or malignancy-associated death (1 patient). (orig.)

  3. Acute effects of differing duration of static stretching on speed performance Farklı sürelerde uygulanan statik germenin sürat performansına akut etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    Yıldız, Suat; Çilli, Murat; Gelen, Ertuğrul; Güzel, Emel

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of differing duration (15s, 30s, 45s) of static stretching on speed performance. Method: Twenty students in Physical Education and Sports (age 23.3 ± 2.0 years, height 175.7 ± 5.8 cm, weight 67.6 ± 8.6 kg) implemented 4 differing duration static stretching protocol on ​​noncontiguous days. After low intensity aerobic exercise subjects applied 15s static stretching (SG15), 30s static stretching (SG30), 45s static ...

  4. Acute effects of differing duration of static stretching on speed performance

    Farklı sürelerde uygulanan statik germenin sürat performansına akut etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    Suat Yıldız; Murat Çilli; Ertuğrul Gelen; Emel Güzel

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of differing duration (15s, 30s, 45s) of static stretching on speed performance. Method: Twenty students in Physical Education and Sports (age 23.3 ± 2.0 years, height 175.7 ± 5.8 cm, weight 67.6 ± 8.6 kg) implemented 4 differing duration static stretching protocol on ​​noncontiguous days. After low intensity aerobic exercise subjects applied 15s static stretching (SG15), 30s static stretching (SG30), 45s static ...

  5. Lambda-Cyhalothrin Ve Cypermethrin İnsektisitleri’nin Oreochromis niloticus (L.,1754) Yavruları Üzerine Akut Toksik Etkisinin Araştırılması (Biyodeney)

    OpenAIRE

    Göksu, Münir Ziya Lugal; MANAŞIRLI, Meltem; AZGIN, Cansev

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Acute Toxicity of Insecticides Lambda-Cyhalothrin and Cypermethrin on Oreochromis niloticus (L., 1754) Larvae (Bioassay)In this research, in aquatic environments negative effects which may occur in order to have information about, the acute toxicity insecticides Lambda-Cyhalothrin and Cypermethrin which widely used in agriculture in Cukurova Region has been researched into larvae Oreochromis niloticus (L., 1754). In this study, methods of bioassay test which called static method has ...

  6. Pegile interferon alfa-2a ve ribavirin ile kronik C hepatiti tedavisi sırasında akut miyokard infarktüsü gelişen hasta: Bir olgu sunum

    OpenAIRE

    , Nezih PİŞKİNPAŞA; , Yaşar SERTBAŞ; PİŞKİNPAŞA, Emin

    2013-01-01

    We present the case of a 60-year-old male patient who developed acute myocardial infarction while undergoing pegylated interferon alpha-2a and ribavirin therapy for chronic C hepatitis. After two months of therapy, the patient experienced acute anterior myocardial infarction. No ischemic heart disease was diagnosed by cardiologic examinations one month before the initiation of the therapy. We believe his acute myocardial infarction was a serious side effect

  7. Methotrexat-induzierte Leukenzephalopathie bei Patienten mit akuter lymphatischer Leukämie oder lymphoblastischem Non-Hodgkin-Lymphom in Abhängigkeit vom MTHFR-C677T-Status

    OpenAIRE

    Deutz, Peter

    2009-01-01

    The antifolate Methotrexate and folate metabolism is central in therapy of pediatric Acute Lymphatic Leukemia (ALL). Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is an important enzyme of folate metabolism, so that combination of MTX-therapy and mutation of the MTHFR gene (MTHFR C677T) might result in altered toxicity. We examined 31 children with ALL or NHL, that were treated according to GPOH ALL-BFM 95 or 98 protokoll at the pediatric department of Aachen University Hospital, regarding muco...

  8. Akute Veränderungen des Hornhautstromas und der Hornhautkappe während der Laser-in-Situ-Keratomileusis wie sie mit der optischen online Kohärenzpachymetrie und der Ultraschallpachymetrie gemessen werden

    OpenAIRE

    Buchheim, Charlotte

    2010-01-01

    Absicht: Die akuten Veränderungen der zentralen Hornhautdicke während der LASIK mit zwei verschiedenen Messgeräten zu evaluieren. Methoden: In dieser nicht-randomisierten, prospektiven, interventionellen Fall-Studie wurde die zentrale Hornhautdicke von 369 Augen je mit Ultraschall-pachymetrie (Tomey, AL2000, Tomey Corp., Erlangen, Deutschland) und optischer online Kohärenzpachymetrie (Heidelberg Engineering Online OCP, Heidelberg, Deutschland) während der Hornhautkappenerstellung durch den...

  9. Möglichkeiten der computertomographischen und magnetresonanztomographischen Bildgebung des zentralen Nervensystems während der Behandlung von akut-lymphoblastischen Leukämien und lymphoblastischen Non-Hodgkin-Lymphomen

    OpenAIRE

    Janssen, Niklas Jan Rüttger

    2001-01-01

    20 children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (13 children with first manifestation of ALL and 4 children with relapsed manifestation of ALL) and lymphoblastic non-Hodgkin´s lymphoma (3 children) were investigated, using cranial CT and MRT during treatment according to the treatment protocols of the Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster studies in the years 1995 to 1998 prospective (17 children) and in the years 1990 to 1993 retrospective (3 children). The aim was to observe neuroradiologic changes durin...

  10. Listed Companies - between Company Law and Financial Market Law in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Nis Jul

    2010-01-01

    Efter en analyse af udviklingen i en række landes selskabs- og børsretlige reformen analyseres det, hvorledes skillelinjen mellem selskabsretlig og børsretlig regulering er i dansk ret efter reformen af selskabsloven i 2009/2010......Efter en analyse af udviklingen i en række landes selskabs- og børsretlige reformen analyseres det, hvorledes skillelinjen mellem selskabsretlig og børsretlig regulering er i dansk ret efter reformen af selskabsloven i 2009/2010...

  11. Från amatörism till professionalism : en undersökning av organisationerna hos Västerås SK ocg Gideonsbergs IF efter amatörismens avskaffande 1967

    OpenAIRE

    Asplund, Love

    2007-01-01

    Syftet med undersökningen är att belysa hur två fotbollsföreningar i Västerås påverkats av amatörismens avskaffande 1967. Gideonsbergs IF (damer) och Västerås SK (herrar). Undersökningen har fokus på hur dessa föreningars organisation och budget förändrats i och med professionalismens införande i den svenska idrotten, samt hur föreningarna skaffat sponsorer. Dessutom påvisas de skillnader som funnits mellan föreningarna. Forskningsansatsen är kvalitativ och data har insamlats främst från de b...

  12. Ash addition after whole-tree harvesting on fertile sites in southern Sweden Establishment of two field trials; Askaaterfoering efter skogsbraensleuttag paa boerdig skogsmark i soedra Sverige Anlaeggning av tvaa faeltfoersoek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sikstroem, Ulf; Hoegbom, Lars; Jacobson, Staffan; Lundstroem, Hagos; Ring, Eva

    2012-02-15

    In Sweden, the Swedish Forest Agency recommend ash recycling after whole-tree harvest (WTH), i.e. the whole tree above the stump is harvested. If this recommendation is complied, ash recycling will become a quite extensive forestry practice. To gain more knowledge regarding effects of ash on tree growth, storage of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) in the upper soil, and soil-water chemistry, two field experiments were established. The experimental design was a randomized block design. Both experiments were installed on quite fertile sites in southern Sweden. On fertile sites (C/N less than 30), ash addition is hypothesized to increase tree growth, reduce the storage of C and N in the upper soil, and increase the concentrations of nitrate in soil water. One experiment (291 Guvarp) was established on a recently harvested clear cut. The sample plots were soil scarified by disc trenching and planted with Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) seedlings. Seedling height was measured at planting, and, two months later, seedling survival and height growth in 2011 was recorded. The other experiment (290 Bala) was located to a Norway spruce stand that was thinned by WTH. The initial registration and sampling comprised stand data and sampling of the upper soil (FH-layer). In addition, suction cups were installed at 50 cm depth for sampling of soil water. The experiments were designed for long-term monitoring, comprising several decades. For most of the variables registered, data did not show any significant differences among means for the plots representing different treatments. Pre-treatment data for individual plots showed acceptable comparability among plots within the blocks, which is a good starting point for detecting future changes caused by the treatments

  13. "Å stå på sig, på egna ben" : En fallstudie om en flicka i en hederskultur och hennes motstånd mot att inordna sig efter släktens krav

    OpenAIRE

    Jemteborn, Annika

    2005-01-01

    This study concerns girls and young women in Sweden who live in communities and families regulated by norms and values emphasizing honour. The ambition is to understand the terms for possible change when girls refuse to incorporate themselves in a patriarchal structure which subjects women. I study this through the narrative of one girl’s story. Thus this is a qualitative case study (Merriam 1994). The study’s comprehensive aim is to illuminate the particular girl’s conditions, considering bo...

  14. Development, control and counter-measures regarding radioactive caesium in Swedish reindeer after the Chernobyl accident; Utveckling, oevervakning och aatgaerder naer det gaeller radioaktivt cesium i renar efter Tjernobylolyckan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aahman, Birgitta [Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden). Reindeer Husbandry Unit

    2005-10-01

    Since the Chernobyl accident in 1986, monitoring of {sup 137}Cs in reindeer has been made at slaughter, by measuring muscle samples or by direct monitoring of gamma radiation on reindeer carcasses. Carcasses above the accepted limit have been discarded. Many carcasses were discarded during the first years, but now the number is only some per cent of the total slaughter. The radiocaesium intake in reindeer varies with season, which is reflected in the levels in reindeer, which are low in summer and high in winter. The levels of {sup 137}Cs have declined from 1986 to 2004 with an average effective half-life of 5.3 years. The decline was faster during the first years than during later years. Presently, 16 out of totally 51 reindeer herding districts in Sweden are included in the control of {sup 137}Cs in reindeer. Control is often necessary only in defined areas or at certain periods of the year. Monitoring of {sup 137}Cs in live reindeer is made in addition to the monitoring at slaughter. Counter-measures have been applied in areas where many reindeer are above the accepted limit for {sup 137}Cs. Change of slaughter time and feeding are the most used counter-measures. The reindeer owners are compensated economically from the state for costs related to these counter-measures. The need for measures, and thereby the costs, have decreased with time. In the southern parts of the county of Vaesterbotten and in the northernmost part of Jaemtland, where the Chernobyl fallout was the highest, it will probably still take at least ten to twenty years until measures and control are no longer needed.

  15. På vej mod short storyen – om søgen efter den litterære identitet i Lise Andersens kortprosasamling "En særlig sommer og andre billeder" (2008)

    OpenAIRE

    Zańko, Aldona

    2012-01-01

    The article derives from the intertextual approach to the notion of literary identity, introduced to the modern literary theory in the 1960’s by Julia Kristeva (born 1941). The main idea behind this approach is that no literary text should be perceived as an isolated unity, but always in relation to other texts, which it refers to. The author applies the intertextual perspective to examine the signs of external literary influences in Lise Andersens minimalist prose collection ”En særlig somme...

  16. Proposal of performance indicators/model for Operational Readiness Verification (ORV) at restart after a planned shutdown; Framtagning av bedoemningsfaktorer/modell foer utvaerdering av driftklarhetsverifiering (DKV) infoer uppstart efter revisionsavstaellning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hollnagel, Erik; Nygren, Magnus [Linkoeping Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Computer and Information Science

    2005-12-15

    The objectives of the study reported here were to propose a model that can be used in the analysis of possible future ORV-related events and to outline a set of performance indicators that can be used by the inspectorate to assess a utility's level of readiness if an ORV-event should take place. Together the two objectives serve to improve the inspectorate's ability to ensure that the utilities maintain an adequate capability to respond. The background for the current study is the nine ORV events that occurred in Sweden between 1995- 1998, as well as the findings of a previous study of safety during outage and restart of nuclear power plants project. This study found that the three levels or types of tests that occur in ORV were used according to need rather than according to a predefined arrangement or procedure, and that tasks were adapted relative to the different types of embedding and the degree of correspondence between nominal and actual ORV. The organisation's coping with the complexity of ORV was discussed by the relation between expectations and surprises, how planning was used as control, attention to details, and the practices of shift changes. It is a truism that accidents are analysed and interpreted relative to a commonly accepted understanding of their nature. This understanding is, however, relative rather than absolute, and has changed significantly during the last decade. In the 1990s, accidents were analysed step by step, and explanations and recommendations therefore emphasised specific rather than generic solutions. The present study illustrates this by going through the responses to the nine ORV events. Following that, the nine events are analysed anew using a contemporary understanding of accidents (a systemic model), which emphasises that incidents more often arise from context induced performance variability than from failures of people. The alternative interpretation provided by a systemic model is illustrated by a detailed analysis of the 323-event. This leads to a proposal of an ORV-model based on the concept of maintaining control. According to this, it is essential that an organisation (a system) knows how to respond (reaction), knows what to look for (observation, attention), and knows what to anticipate (prediction). While an organisation must possess those qualities to respond to an incident in the short term, a regulator must assess the organisation possesses those qualities in the long term. In terms of performance indicators, ten Common Performance Conditions are proposed. Each is assessed with regard to whether it can be the basis of practical measurements and whether it can be used concretely to induce an improvement to operational readiness. The re-analysis of the nine ORV events suggested that adequacy of organisation, adequacy of training and experience, availability of procedures and plans, and available time would be the most important performance indicators. Further work should look into detailed measurement methods, evaluation criteria, and means of intervention all based on an explicit model of safety as an organisational function.

  17. The effects of first-year shoot cut back on willow biomass production during the first and second cutting cycle; Effekter av skottnedklippning efter etableringsaaret paa produktionen under foersta och andra omdrevet i salixodlingar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verwijst, Theo; Nordh, Nils-Erik

    2010-05-15

    During the early phase of commercialisation of willow short rotation forestry in Sweden it was considered to be important to cut down the shoots after the establishment year, and this practice still is maintained today. Several reasons then were put forward for cutting down. The primary goal was to stimulate sprouting of more shoots, thereby obtaining a rapidly closing stand which could compete with weeds. Another reason was that it would enable weed control during the second year. In some of the older clones, which exhibited bow-shaped shoots, cutting down was supposed to lead to more straight growing shoots which rendered less biomass loss at harvest. In the meantime, the practice of cutting down has been abandoned in Denmark, and there are reasons to scrutinise the effects of cutting down on available biomass production figures from Swedish field trials. The main goal with this project was to try to quantify the effects of cutting down on the biomass productivity of willow during the first and later cutting cycles. Thus far, efforts in this research topic have not led to a scientifically documented quantification on the effects, and therefore a scientific basis for hands-on recommendations to willow growers is lacking. The purpose of our work consequently was to generate practical recommendations with regard to the management measure of cutting down, and the audience targeted consisted of willow growers (farmers, land-owners and entrepreneurs) who are deciding about and perform the actual management of willow stands to obtain higher yields. This information also is of large relevance for all extension workers in willow growing. Data have been collected from a field trial which was planted in Flosta, Enkoeping, in 2005. As this was the only experiment on cutting down which ran during the project period, we searched the archives which contained material from another experiment which ran from 1992 to 1996 in Ultuna, Uppsala, and from which some date were collected as late as in 2000. Furthermore, the archives contained data from an experiment at the Brunnby experimental farm in Vaesteraas, which ran from 1991 to 1994. Very few papers on cutting down as a management measure were found in peer-reviewed articles, while foreign manuals for willow growers usually referred to the recommendations as described in the Swedish manuals. Results from the three field trials in Sweden, which were established with the aim to quantify the effects of cutting down of willow shoots after one year on subsequent biomass production, show that no positive effects of cutting down on yield have occurred at all. In contrary, the results altogether show that cutting down has an adverse effect on subsequent biomass production in willow during the first cutting cycle, and that cutting down also may cause a lower productivity during later cutting cycles. We conclude that cutting down, apart from being a costly management measure, leads to production losses in willow cultivation. We recommend that cutting down should not be used as a routine measure after the establishment season. This recommendation contradicts the current recommendation which currently is advocated in Sweden. By means of extension work, current practice should be changed to obtain higher biomass yields and better profit in willow short rotation forests

  18. Growth effects after whole-tree harvest in final cut of Scots pine and Norway spruce forest. Final report; Tillvaexteffekternas storlek och uthaallighet efter skogsbraensleuttag i slutavverkning av tall och gran. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valinger, E. [Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Umeaa (Sweden). Dept. of Silviculture

    2001-12-01

    A great concern in forestry today is whether whole-tree harvesting influence site productivity and whether it is consistent with the principle of sustainable use of forest resources. To evaluate this a randomised field experiment established 24 years ago in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in Southern Sweden was used. The field experiment was established in fall 1975 as a naturally regenerated mixed forest with Scots pine and Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) with a growing stock of 305 m{sup 3}/ha was clear-cut near Kosta (56 deg 52' N, 15 deg 50' E, 240 m.a.s.l.). The site was a mesic dwarf-shrub type of medium fertility, with an average precipitation of 600 mm yr-1 and the soil was an orthic podzol. Treatments were conventional stem harvest (CH), whole-tree harvest (WTH), and branch and stem harvest (BSH). Scots pine seedlings of local provenance were planted in spring 1977 at the beginning of the second growing season following the harvest. The seedlings were planted in exposed mineral soil in manually scarified patches (40 x 40 cm) at 1.7 m spacing (144 seedlings per assessment plot, i.e. 3 600 seedlings/ha). Based on calliper data, the diameter for the mean basal area per tree (db) was calculated for each plot after 24 years using the formula: db = ({sigma} b{sup 3}/{sigma} b{sup 2}), where b is basal area at breast height for each tree. Three undamaged sample trees with a diameter equal or close to the diameter of the mean basal area per tree were selected on each plot giving 36 stems that were felled for destructive measurements in 2000. Total tree height ({+-} 0.01 m) was measured on every tree felled. Stem biomass was estimated by sampling of stem discs, 2 cm thick, at stump height (1 % of tree height), breast height (1.3 m), and at every meter along the bole. Crown biomass was estimated by sampling live and dead branches on the felled trees. From every whorl of branches one living branch was sampled and all branches were counted. Stem discs and branch material were weighed in the field to the nearest 0.1 g using a mechanical field scale. At the laboratory, the annual ring widths were measured along a transect using the WinDENDRO software. The arithmetic mean of the two corresponding annual ring widths was used in the further calculations to obtain diameters under bark for the successive years 1977-2000. After drying all sampled material was weighed to the nearest 0.1 g. When weighted, total dry weight of crown fractions and wood was calculated according to Albrektson, where the relation between dry and fresh weight of sample from each fraction was multiplied with total fresh weight of fraction. Treatment effects on survival and basal area growth on bark/ha after 24 years were analysed by using Tukey's studentized test on all main effect means. Multiple pair wise comparisons between treatments on single trees to establish the effects of treatment on the depending variables: dry weight of wood, needles, shoot axes and dead branches and in radial, height, and basal area and volume under bark increments were also made using Tukey's studentized test on all main effect means. Seedling survival was unaffected by treatments. Total basal area on bark (m{sup 2}/ha) was significantly reduced following WTH from the 15th year after planting. Trees on CH produced 20% more wood biomass, while biomass produced within the crown was unaffected by treatment. Height growth for trees after CH was higher the last year evaluated, while basal area and volume under bark were larger since the 12th year in comparison with WTH. BSH showed a decreased basal area growth under bark during the two four-year-periods 13-20 years after planting, and a decreased volume growth under bark since year 9 in comparison with CH. Radial growth was increased for CH up to 3 m of the stems during the 9-12 year period and at 3 m during the 13-16 year period. The study indicated a negative effect on stem growth following WTH and BSH during the 24-years period. There was a clear indication of positive influence of slash left after clear-cutting, i.e. tops, branches, and needles, on future biomass growth. The positive response in volume growth can be between 20% during a whole rotation period and a gain of just 3 years growth. When whole-tree harvesting techniques are used, some kind of replacement of removed nutrients, e.g. fertilisation, must take place to maintain site productivity on sites like the presented.

  19. Fra anbringelse til voksenliv - et studie af to tidligere anbragtes socialiseringshistorie og resiliensopbygning med særligt fokus på bosituationen efter anbringelsens ophør

    OpenAIRE

    Flensburg, Lærke Amalie Høver; Hune, Magnus Jensing; Pedersen, David Adrian; Hansen, Hjalte Daniel

    2016-01-01

    This study is based on a casestudy of two former outofhome placed adults experiences, of the transition between outofhome placement and adult life, without the fixed boundaries of the outofhome placement, and which meaning this has had on their socialization and especially their housing status. The purpose of the study has been to show how different two outofhome placements can be, and how big differences there can be in the outcome depending on whether the ou...

  20. Presentation of safety after closure of the repository for spent nuclear fuel. Main report of the project SR-Site. Part I; Redovisning av saekerhet efter foerslutning av slutfoervaret foer anvaent kaernbraensle. Huvudrapport fraan projekt SR-Site. Del I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of the safety assessment SR-Site is to investigate whether a safe repository for spent nuclear fuel by KBS-3 type can be constructed at Forsmark in Oesthammar in Sweden. The location of the Forsmark has been selected based on results of several surveys from surface conditions at depth in Forsmark and in Laxemar in Oskarshamn. The choice of location is not justified in SR-Site Report, but in other attachments to SKB's permit applications. SR-Site Report is an important part of SKB's permit applications to construct and operate a repository for spent nuclear fuel at Forsmark in Oesthammar. The purpose of the report in the applications is to show that a repository at Forsmark is safe after closure

  1. Återhämtningsprocessen hos en svensk livsmedelsproducent efter ett allvarligt produktfel : En studie av Findus hantering av ”Hästköttsskandalen” under våren 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Grujicic, Misel; Madsen, Anna

    2014-01-01

    This study deals with a Swedish company in a food industry that got affected by product failure, which led to consumer trust crisis followed by media and was needed to be managed. Situation had a negative impact on company’s trademark, which acquired long recovery work by the company. Study is following a case example of Findus problems with having horse meat in their meat product that was supposed to contain beef meat. Study aims to research how the company dealt with situation, through cris...

  2. Presentation of safety after closure of the repository for spent nuclear fuel. Main report of the project SR-Site. Part III; Redovisning av saekerhet efter foerslutning av slutfoervaret foer anvaent kaernbraensle. Huvudrapport fraan projekt SR-Site. Del III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of the safety assessment SR-Site is to investigate whether a safe repository for spent nuclear fuel by KBS-3 type can be constructed at Forsmark in Oesthammar in Sweden. The location of the Forsmark has been selected based on results of several surveys from surface conditions at depth in Forsmark and in Laxemar in Oskarshamn. The choice of location is not justified in SR-Site Report, but in other attachments to SKB's permit applications. SR-Site Report is an important part of SKB's permit applications to construct and operate a repository for spent nuclear fuel at Forsmark in Oesthammar. The purpose of the report in the applications is to show that a repository at Forsmark is safe after closure

  3. Presentation of safety after closure of the repository for spent nuclear fuel. Main report of the project SR-Site. Part II; Redovisning av saekerhet efter foerslutning av slutfoervaret foer anvaent kaernbraensle. Huvudrapport fraan projekt SR-Site. Del II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of the safety assessment SR-Site is to investigate whether a safe repository for spent nuclear fuel by KBS-3 type can be constructed at Forsmark in Oesthammar in Sweden. The location of the Forsmark has been selected based on results of several surveys from surface conditions at depth in Forsmark and in Laxemar in Oskarshamn. The choice of location is not justified in SR-Site Report, but in other attachments to SKB's permit applications. SR-Site Report is an important part of SKB's permit applications to construct and operate a repository for spent nuclear fuel at Forsmark in Oesthammar. The purpose of the report in the applications is to show that a repository at Forsmark is safe after closure

  4. Beviskraven för förbättringsutgifter på privatbostäder : Rättsläget efter 2002 års Regeringsrättsavgöranden

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Förbättringsutgifter på privatbostäder får dras av vid kapitalvinstberäkningen när bostaden säljs. För att ett sådant skattemässigt avdrag ska medges har normalt krävts att kvitton eller fakturor visats för utgifterna. Två domar från Regeringsrätten år 2002 visade dock att det går att bevisa att förbättringsutgifter funnits med annan bevisning än kvitton och fakturor. I de två fallen ansåg Regeringsrätten att den bevisning som visats utgjorde en godtagbar utredning över förbättringsutgifterna...

  5. Ledsna mammor - besvikna kvinnor? : Perinatal depression och kvinnors och mäns föräldrarskap första året efter barnets födelse

    OpenAIRE

    Seimyr, Louise

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the present thesis was to study the prevalence of maternal depressive mood during pregnancy and up to one year after childbirth in relation to the parents' psycho-social conditions, perception of the infant's temperament and experience of parenthood. Methods: In a longitudinal community-based study, 434 pregnant women were invited to the study. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was measured at two months before childbirth (I), two months after childbirt...

  6. Depressiva reaktioner hos blivande och nyblivna mödrar : kvinnors och mäns upplevelser av föräldraskap första året efter barnets födelse.

    OpenAIRE

    Seimyr, Louise

    2011-01-01

    The overall aim of this thesis was to study the prevalence of maternal emotional distress and depressive mood in pregnant and new mothers and the consequences for women’s and men’s perceptions of the unborn and newborn infant, parenthood and everyday life during the first year after childbirth. Method: Project A: A total of 232 women in Stockholm filled out three screening instruments for depression after the birth of their first baby: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Edinburgh Postnatal D...

  7. Meningitis Meningococcus

    OpenAIRE

    Iskandar Japardi

    2002-01-01

    Meningitis pyogenic akut merupakan suatu respon inflamasi terhadap infeksi bakteria yang mengenai pria dan arakhnoid. Tiga organisme utama yang dapat menyebabkan meningitis pyogenic adalah Diplococcus pneumonia, Neisseria meningitis dan Haemophilus influenzae bedah-iskandar japardi23

  8. Terrortruslen mod erhvervslivet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    2013-01-01

    Statoil fortsætter sit internationale engagement efter angrebet i Algeriet, og det er vigtigt, fordi erhvervslivet generelt spiller en afgørende rolle i civilisationsprocessen.......Statoil fortsætter sit internationale engagement efter angrebet i Algeriet, og det er vigtigt, fordi erhvervslivet generelt spiller en afgørende rolle i civilisationsprocessen....

  9. Evolution in Lego. A physical simulation of adaptation by natural selection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jakob; Kanneworff, Morten

    2009-01-01

    En simulering af mekanismen bag naturlig udvælgelse ved at bruge legorger, organismer bygget af 6 legoklodser, og med en genetisk kode, der bestemmer hvordan klodserne er placeret og dermed formen på dyret. Legorgerne tildeles fitness efter, hvor langt de kan bevæge sig. Efter fem generationers s...

  10. Levende branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Majken

    2013-01-01

    Mottoet »Boston Strong« efter bombeangrebet ved Boston Marathon viser, at ingen branding er stærkere end det, der vokser ud af det levede liv.......Mottoet »Boston Strong« efter bombeangrebet ved Boston Marathon viser, at ingen branding er stærkere end det, der vokser ud af det levede liv....

  11. Den velsmurte erhvervsmaskine stikker af med teknologien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liebetrau, Tobias

    2016-01-01

    Vi må som samfund gribe taktstokken og forholde os til teknologiens samfunds- og menneskeforandrende potentiale. Alternativet er, at vi kommer til at danse efter toner fra erhvervslivets profitorkester......Vi må som samfund gribe taktstokken og forholde os til teknologiens samfunds- og menneskeforandrende potentiale. Alternativet er, at vi kommer til at danse efter toner fra erhvervslivets profitorkester...

  12. Durability of roof underlays exposed to natural climate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stang, Birgitte Friis Dela; Brandt, Erik; Hjorslev Hansen, Morten

    Paperet beskriver resultaterne af exponeringsforsøg på en udendørs prøvestand samt efter den relevante EN standard. Resultaterne viser at undertagsmaterialerne er følsomme for exponering til uv-lys, og at resultater opnået ved exponering efter den europæiske standard ikke harmonerer med de result...

  13. Arthur Schopenhauers betydning for Johannes Jørgensens omvendelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nord, Johan Christian

    Artikel om Johannes Jørgensens interesse for Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden lige op til og efter Jørgensens konversion til katolicismen......Artikel om Johannes Jørgensens interesse for Arthur Schopenhauers filosofi i tiden lige op til og efter Jørgensens konversion til katolicismen...

  14. On the estimation of short- and long-run elasticities in U.S. petroleum consumption : comment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Jan Børsen; Engsted, Tom

    1996-01-01

    Artiklen, der er formet som en kommentar til en tidligere artikel af Clifton Jones i Southern Economic Journal, anvender kointegrationsmetoder til analyse af efterspørgslen efter petroleum i USA.......Artiklen, der er formet som en kommentar til en tidligere artikel af Clifton Jones i Southern Economic Journal, anvender kointegrationsmetoder til analyse af efterspørgslen efter petroleum i USA....

  15. Elsket og savnet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyngstrøm, Henriette Syrach

    2008-01-01

    pesonale. Selve parcellen er privat. Købt for en årrække, hvis længde varierer alt efter jordbundsforhold og efter, hvilket materiale kiste eller urne er fremstillet af. Så indretningen er et helt privat anliggende. Og burde grave og gravminder da ikke være lige så forskellige som al anden materiel kultur...

  16. Musikterapiens historie i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2014-01-01

    Gennemgang af musikterapiens historie og udvikling i Danmark efter 2. verdenskrig. Revideret udgave af samme kapitel i "Musikterapi: Når ord ikke slår til" (2001).......Gennemgang af musikterapiens historie og udvikling i Danmark efter 2. verdenskrig. Revideret udgave af samme kapitel i "Musikterapi: Når ord ikke slår til" (2001)....

  17. Kriminelle skal ikke smides ud - de skal resocialiseres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær Minke, Linda; Elmquist, Bjørn

    2012-01-01

    Kriminelle uden dansk statsborgerskab, som ikke kan sendes tilbage efter endt straf, bør have samme muligheder for resocialisering som andre indsatte......Kriminelle uden dansk statsborgerskab, som ikke kan sendes tilbage efter endt straf, bør have samme muligheder for resocialisering som andre indsatte...

  18. Fremtidens ruiner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ladegaard, Jakob

    rumforskning og det såkaldte ”space race” mod USA. Efter Sovjetunionens sammenbrud har forfattere som Victor Pelevin, filmskabere som Ulrich Seidl og fotografer som Hrair Sarkissian behandlet sporene efter den kollektive drøm om verdensrummet som knudepunkter for en kritisk erindringsproces, hvor historie og...

  19. Den Sorte Engel belaster fortsat miljøet ved Maarmorilik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voigt, Steen

    2008-01-01

    Næsten 20 år efter, at minedriften efter bly og zink ved Maarmorilik i Uummannaq kommune i det nordvestlige Grønland blev indstillet, belastes de omkringliggende fjorde og landområder fortsat med de to metaller. Det fremgår af den seneste rapport fra Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU) ved Aarhus U...

  20. Nyfigen robot

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Olaf Pepke

    2013-01-01

    Marsudforskning. Det rullende laboratorium Curiosity har nu kørt rundt på Mars i et halvt år. Hidtil har der ikke været de store overraskelser, og det er helt efter planen. Men nu har den kurs mod det 5.500 meter høje bjerg Aeolis Mons for at bore efter sedimenter....

  1. Warszawa - Fra kommunismeklodser til kapitalkaos

    OpenAIRE

    Knutz, Christel Helene; Skaarup Larsen, Hans; Eltzholtz, Emilie; Landt Lerche, Stinus; Rogova, Alissa

    2013-01-01

    Efter 2. Verdenskrig lå 85 % af byen Warszawa i ruiner. Efter krigen kom kommunisterne til magten og introducerede et nyt planlægningsparadigme for byen, efter det klasseløse socialistiske ideal. Den socialistiske planlægning er tydeligt manifesteret i Polens hovedstad med inspiration fra Le Corbusiers bo-maskiner og andre kommunistiske symboler. Et af kommunismens eksempler på den socialistiske planlægning er boligblokkene i Za Zelazna Brama. Da muren faldt i 1989 blev der ind...

  2. Use of primary health care prior to a postpartum psychiatric episode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk-Olsen, Trine; Pedersen, Henrik Søndergaard; Laursen, Thomas Munk;

    2015-01-01

    Mange kvinder udvikler psykisk sygdom efter en fødsel. Dette studie undersøger mønstre i kontakten med den praktiserende læge for de kvinder, der rammes efter en fødsel. Resultaterne viser, at de kvinder, som senere udviklede psykisk sygdom, havde betydeligt flere konsultationer hos deres egen læ...... mere forskning på området, hvis det skal kunne forudsiges mere præcist, hvilke kvinder der rammes af fx depression efter en fødsel. Den nye viden vil give bedre muligheder for en tidlig forebyggende indsats, som vil kunne forbedre den enkelte kvindes prognose....

  3. Termisk forgasning af biomasse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Indlæggene i referatet er gengivet efter båndoptagelser. Der er dog foretaget nogle enklte omskrivninger af hensyn til læseligheden. Foredragsholdernes overheads er endvidere blevet lagt ind i referatet....

  4. Fem veje til trivsel

    OpenAIRE

    Ebbe Lavendt

    2015-01-01

    Den britiske tænketank NEF (New Economics Foundation) har efter en gennemgang af den mest opdaterede forskning udarbejdet anbefalinger til fem aktiviteter, du kan inkorporere i din hverdag, og som er vigtige for trivsel.

  5. The programme of measures of the water framework directive – more than just a formal compliance tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baaner, Lasse

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer kravene til indsatsprogrammerne efter vandrammedirektivet. Der identificeres fire slags bestemmelser: bestemmelser om foranstaltninger for at nå direktivets miljømål, bestemmelser om foranstaltninger med hensyn til andre forpligtelser i vandrammedirektivet, bestemmelser om for...

  6. Medicoteknik 3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, John Aasted; Sørensen, John Kryger; Munck-Fairwood, Roger

    2010-01-01

    Introducerer til grundlæggende analysemodeller indenfor medicoteknik samt deres anvendelse på hyppigt benyttede fysiologiske signaler. Kursussessioner samt projektarbejde. Semester: Efterår 2010 Omfang: 5 ects Klasse str: 11...

  7. The SUP Proposal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jesper Lau

    2015-01-01

    Baseret på en konference om Kommissionens forslag til et ny direktiv om enkeltmandsejede private selskaber (SUP) beskriver artiklen reglerne om registrering og kapital for et SUP efter det opr. forslag....

  8. Udenlandsk interesse for danske jordfordelinger

    OpenAIRE

    Sørensen, Esben Munk

    2014-01-01

    Note udarbejdet efter afholdelse PhD-forskerkursus på Aalborg Universitet med titlen "Proberty Design in the Countryside". Der var deltagelse fra de øvrige nordiske land og nogle østeuropæiske lande.

  9. "Orange Juice" - amerikansk agent og dansk patriot?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Peer Henrik

    2009-01-01

    Umiddelbart efter anden verdenskrig indledte den amerikanske efterretningstjeneste Office of Strategic Service (OSS) samarbejde med en række danske politikere og modstands- og efterretningsfolk. En af dem var Svend Truelsen, en af modstandskampens store helte...

  10. Nykælvere mangler protein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalbach, Kristine Foged; Larsen, Mogens; Kristensen, Niels Bastian

    2010-01-01

    Ny forskning fra DJF viser, at køer er i væsentligt proteinunderskud lige efter kælvning. Dette kan have negative konsekvenser for koens evne til fx at vedligeholde immunforsvaret. Udgivelsesdato: Juni...

  11. Media in Post-Communist Mongolia – challenges and opportunities in the democratization process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Poul Erik

    2009-01-01

    En analyse af mediernes indflydelse på demokratiseringsprocessen i Mongoliet efter kommunismens afvikling. Analysen fokuserer på de problemer der er knyttet til introduktionen af et nyt liberalistisk mediesystem. Udgivelsesdato: November 2009...

  12. Dyrkning af GMO-afgrøder er ikke problemfrit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Streibig, Jens Carl

    2012-01-01

    Middtvesten i USA oplever efter 16 år med GMO-afgrøder stigende problemer med resistent ukrudt - en udvikling der måske også kan ramme danske landmænd med de nye pesticidafgifter......Middtvesten i USA oplever efter 16 år med GMO-afgrøder stigende problemer med resistent ukrudt - en udvikling der måske også kan ramme danske landmænd med de nye pesticidafgifter...

  13. Offentlig administration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Elof Nellemann; Rehr, Preben René

    En undervisningsbog der henvender sig til administrationsbacheloruddannelsen. Kapitlerne er inddelt efter modulerne på uddannelsen og indeholder derfor elementer af administration, forvaltning, økonomistyring, innovation, samfundsvidenskabelige metoder og politisk styrede organisationer.......En undervisningsbog der henvender sig til administrationsbacheloruddannelsen. Kapitlerne er inddelt efter modulerne på uddannelsen og indeholder derfor elementer af administration, forvaltning, økonomistyring, innovation, samfundsvidenskabelige metoder og politisk styrede organisationer....

  14. Effekten af udvidet periodisk syn på person- og varebiler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernhoft, Inger Marie; Pilegaard, Ninette

    Dette notat har til formål at gennemføre en beregning af costs og benefits af udvidet periodisk syn af person- og varebiler i Danmark, under forudsætning af der gennemføres ét syn af per-son- og varebiler efter fire år, derefter ét syn efter to år og derefter én gang årligt (4,2,1,1…), som...

  15. Drawing Disaster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borggreen, Gunhild

    2015-01-01

    En analyse af den japanske manga Santetsu i relation til vidnesbyrdbeskrivelse og erindring under genopbygning efter det store jordskælv i det østlige Japan i 2011, herunder diskussion af tegning i relation til fotografi......En analyse af den japanske manga Santetsu i relation til vidnesbyrdbeskrivelse og erindring under genopbygning efter det store jordskælv i det østlige Japan i 2011, herunder diskussion af tegning i relation til fotografi...

  16. Den europæiske drøm - om EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2007-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: Jeremy Rifkin: Den europæiske drøm (Informations Forlag, 2006). Oversat fra engelsk efter: "The European Dream: How Europe's Vision of the Future Is Quietly Eclipsing the American Dream" (2004)......Anmeldelse af: Jeremy Rifkin: Den europæiske drøm (Informations Forlag, 2006). Oversat fra engelsk efter: "The European Dream: How Europe's Vision of the Future Is Quietly Eclipsing the American Dream" (2004)...

  17. New Danish rules on taxation of frontier workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Aage

    1996-01-01

    I artiklen redegøres der for de nye regler om beskatning af grænsegængere, der kan vælge mellem beskatning efter reglerne om begrænset eller som noget nyt efter reglerne om ubegrænset skattepligt. Betingelsen herfor er, at 75 pct. af deres globalindkomst hidrører fra arbejdsindkomst for arbejde u...

  18. Dybe biopores betydning for pesticidudvaskning mellem mark og kemisk reduceret grundvandzone i moræneler – pestpore 2011-2015

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter R; ., Søren Hansen, Carsten T. Pedersen, Per Abrahamsen og Marie Habekost Nielsen; Spliid, Niels Henrik;

    forsøgsperioden.  Resterende forsøgsperiode intet eller meget lille nedbørsoverskud .  Hurtig udvaskning af alle stoffer til 1 og 2 mu.t. og mobile stoffer til 3.5 mu.t. efter 1. snesmeltning.  5 måneder efter sprøjtning, stadig ingen nedsivning af glyphosat, AMPA, pendimetalin og azoxystrobin til 3.5 mu...

  19. Early diagnosis of acute coronary syndromes automatically by using features of ECG recordings = EKG kayıtlarının öznitelikleri kullanılarak akut koroner sendromların otomatik olarak erken teşhisi

    OpenAIRE

    Terzi, Merve Begüm

    2014-01-01

    Ankara : The Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering and The Graduate School of Engineering and Science of Bilkent Univesity, 2014. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 2014. Includes bibliographical references leaves 79-85. In patients with acute coronary syndrome, temporary chest pains together with changes in the ST/T sections of ECG occur shortly before the start of myocardial infarction. In order to diagnose acute coronary syndromes early, we propose a ...

  20. Acute pain treatment on postoperative and medical non-surgical wards [Akutschmerztherapie auf operativen und konservativen Stationen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korczak, Dieter

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] The effectiveness of acute pain treatment in hospitals is examined. An efficient therapy of acute pain is efficient and cost-effective. Although every patient is entitled for the relief of pain, many hospitals do not treat acute pain in an optimal manner.[german] Es wird die Effektivität der Akutschmerztherapie in Krankenhäusern untersucht. Eine effiziente Behandlung akuter Schmerzen ist wirksam und spart Kosten. Obwohl jeder Patient Anspruch auf Linderung seiner Schmerzen hat, behandeln viele Krankenhäuser akute Schmerzen noch nicht optimal.

  1. Klinische Auswirkungen sympathikotoner (SNS Überaktivität und therapeutische Ansatzpunkte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slany J

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Sowohl akute als auch chronische Stimulation des sympathischen Nervensystems verursacht kardiovaskuläre Risiken. Chronische Stimulation findet sich bei Patienten mit Herzinsuffizienz, mit metabolischem Syndrom und in manchen Fällen von Hypertonie. Folgen sind akzelerierte Atherosklerose, Myokardhypertrophie und Myokardschäden. Akute sympathische Stimulation tritt in akuten Streßsituationen auf und kann zu akuten Koronarsyndromen einschließlich plötzlichem Herztod führen. Regelmäßiges aerobes Ausdauertraining und Medikamente, die das sympathische Nervensystem zentral oder an den Rezeptoren hemmen, bieten Schutz vor diesen negativen Auswirkungen.

  2. Risikofaktoren für die Transplantations-assoziierte Mortalität (TRM) bei allogenen pädiatrischen Stammzelltransplantationen

    OpenAIRE

    Pirrung, Tatjana

    2010-01-01

    Akute Hochrisiko-Leukämien oder deren Rezidive, chronische Leukämien, Myelodysplastische Syndrome und Hodgkin- und Non-Hodgkin-Lymphome sind Indikationen für hämatopoetische Stammzelltransplantationen. Das Verfahren ist mit einer hohen Therapie-assoziierten Morbidität und Mortalität (TRM), die bei 5-40% liegt, assoziiert. Hauptprobleme sind dabei neben Infektionen die akute und chronische Transplantatreaktion (Graft-versus-Host-Erkrankung, GvHD). Die TRM variiert je nach Grunderkrankung, Spen...

  3. Leaching and retention of nutrients and trace elements in peat nineteen years after wood ash application and afforestation of a terminated peat cutover area; Utlakning och retention av naeringsaemnen och spaaraemnen i torv nitton aar efter vedasktillfoersel och beskogning paa en avslutad torvtaekt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nilsson, Torbjoern; Lundin, Lars (Dept. of Forest Soils, Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7001, SE-750 07 Uppsala (Sweden))

    2008-04-15

    Ash application on peatlands for improved biomass production attracts great interest. On drained peatlands in forestry use, application of wood ash would increase the forest production. Before such activities starts on a large-scale, the existing knowledge in this field should be compiled, with the aim to illustrate positive and negative effects of such a measure and to suggest recommendations for wood ash application to drained and afforested peatlands. The aim of this project was to investigate how much of different nutrients and trace elements that was still left in the peat, 19 years after application of 23 tonnes of wood fly ash, 0.6 tonnes of raw phosphate and 0.25 tonnes of superphosphate per hectare to 14 hectares of a terminated peat cutover area. This area was located on a mire, Flakmossen, in west-central Sweden. As it was nearly 40 years since peat harvesting had terminated on this mire, the area was drained before the application of wood ash and phosphorus fertilizer. A tractor-driven cultivator mixed the applied fertilizers with the upper 30-40 cm of the remaining peat and afterwards different tree species were planted in the cultivated peat. Peat sampling, down to 80 cm depth, was carried out before soil treatment, one year after, three years after and 19 years after the soil treatment. Analyses of these peat samples showed that: - After the soil treatments an initial increase of pH in the upper peat layers (0-40 cm depth) was observed, but 19 years after the soil treatments pH had decreased to levels that were lower than before the treatments. This decrease in pH was probably due to an oxidation of sulphur compounds in the peat, which was a result of the drainage. This acidification of the peat could not be buffered by the large dose of applied wood ash. However, it should be observed that the main part of the peat in this field study consists of reed peat, that has a considerable higher sulphur content than other peat types. - Nineteen years after the soil treatment more than 70 % of Mg, 60 % of K, almost 50 % of Mn and more than 20 % of applied Ca had leached out from the peat. The applied amount of P seemed to be retained in peat, humus layer and biomass. A large proportion of P was probably confined to Fe- and Al-oxides in the peat. - Of the applied amounts of trace elements, approximately 50 % of Cd, 25 % of Ba and less than 10 % of Zn had leached out from the peat. For other trace elements it was difficult to make estimations due to the few analyses of these elements before the soil treatments. However, applied Pb has probably not been leached out from the peat. This investigation shows that before application of ashes to afforested peatlands, with the intention to increase the forest production, it is important to analyse both the peat and ashes to optimize the choices of ash, ash treatment (including possible enrichment of the ash with for example K or P), and ash dose. To receive a sustainable high production of stemwood on such peatlands it probably requires that the ash dose in most cases has to be higher than 3 tonnes per hectare (a dose suggested by the Swedish National Board of Forestry)

  4. Greenhouse gases during storage and after application of digested and non-digested dairy cattle slurry including ammonia emissions and barley yield; Vaexthusgaser fraan roetad och oroetad noetflytgoedsel vid lagring och efter spridning, samt bestaemning av ammoniakavgaang och skoerd i vaarkorn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodhe, Lena; Ascue, Johnny; Tersmeden, Marianne; Willen, Agnes; Nordberg, Aake; Salomon, Eva; Sundberg, Martin

    2013-07-01

    Given that the manure-based biogas production is likely to increase in the coming years , it's important to find a proper handling of digested manure that have low emissions of both climate gases methane (CH{sub 4}) and nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O ) as ammonia (NH{sub 3}) , which indirectly contributes to emissions of N{sub 2}O. The project have; Quantified GHG emissions, from undigested and digested manure during storage in winter and summer, and during land application in autumn and spring. Examined the effect on GHG emissions of covering digested manure during storage in winter and summer, and quantified NH{sub 3} emissions, yield and apparent nitrogen (N) recovery in spring barley.

  5. "Det ska inte vara så att livet är kört bara för att man blir hederhotad" : -En kvalitativ studie om flickors upplevda behov av stöd och hjälp efter uppbrottet från sin hederskultur.

    OpenAIRE

    Widman, Stina; Hoogendoorn, Pauline

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of our study was to give girls who are victims of honor related violence a chance to express their needs experienced after the breakup from their families. Furthermore, the study aimed to examine in what extent the girls' needs have been met, how and by whom? The focus was the girls' own experiences thru the breakup from their families and beyond. The issues we wanted to answer were: What needs of help and support does these girls feel that they have? What are the needs immediatel...

  6. Infeksi Endodonti

    OpenAIRE

    Syurga Yanti

    2008-01-01

    Infeksi endodonti merupakan infeksi yang terjadi pada ruang pulpa dan jaringan periradikular, infeksi pulpa dan jaringan periradikular secara langsung dan tidak langsung disebabkan oleh mikroorganisme. Infeksi pulpa dapat akut atau kronis, sebagian atau seluruhnya, sedangkan infeksi periradikular merupakan lanjutan daripada infeksi pulpa, ini terjadi karena bakteri bergerak ke bawah melalui saluran akar menuju periradikular. Walaupun daerah koronal pulpa terlibat oleh suatu proses inf...

  7. Behandling af patienter med Guillan Barré syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oliel, Vibeke S.

    2011-01-01

    Resumè Guillain Barrés syndrom er en autoimmum sygdom karakteriseret ved motorisk, sensorisk og autonom dysfunktion. I Danmark rammes omkring 80 personer i alle aldre årligt af sygdommen. Akut inflammatorisk polyradikoloneuropati rammer de perifere nervers nerveskeder og medfører progredierende...

  8. Abses Periodontal

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Dameria Fitriani

    2011-01-01

    Abses periodontal adalah suatu inflamasi purulen yang terlokalisir pada jaringan periodonsium. Abses periodontal ini dapat diklasifikasikan berdasarkan lokasi abses (abses gingiva, abses periodontal dan abses perikoronal), berdasarkan jalannya lesi (abses periodontal akut dan abses periodontal kronis) dan berdasarkan jumlah abses (abses periodontal tunggal dan abses periodontal kronis). Abses periodontal merupakan kasus darurat penyakit periodontal ketiga yang paling sering ...

  9. Hubungan Stress Dengan Penyakit Dan Perawatan Periodontal

    OpenAIRE

    Der, William

    2009-01-01

    Stress adalah istilah yang mendefenisikan reaksi psiko-fisiologis tubuh terhadap berbagai rangsangan emosional atau fisik yang mengganggu homeostasis, dan ditemukan dapat mengeksaserbasi hasil dari penyakit infeksi bakteri dan virus pada model hewan dan manusia. Stres telah lama dinyatakan sebagai suatu faktor predisposisi yang penting untuk Gingivitis Ulseratif Nekrotik Akut (GUNA). Banyak penelitian telah menunjukkan bahwa stres psikologis atau kondisi psikosomatik mendorong terjadinya peru...

  10. Drug prescription by telephone consultation in Danish out-of-hours primary care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moth, Grete; Huibers, Linda; Christensen, Morten Bondo;

    2014-01-01

    De danske praktiserende læger visiterer alle patienter, der henvender sig til lægevagten med et akut helbredsproblem. Omkring 60 % af alle henvendelser afslutter lægerne selv ved en telefonkonsultation, ofte i form af rådgivning eller receptudskrivning. Alligevel er der kun begrænset viden om hyp...

  11. Eritema Multiform Di Rongga Mulut

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Aminah

    2008-01-01

    Eritema multiform adalah suatu penyakit akut yang terdapat pada kulit dan membran mukosa, yang dapat menyebabkan beberapa jenis lesi kulit. Penyebab eritema multiform belum diketahui dengan pasti, banyak para peneliti menganggap bahwa etiologi dari penyakit eritema multiform ini disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor penunjang seperti reaksi alergi dari obatobatan, alergi dari makanan, reaksi terhadap mikro .orqanisme, efek radioterapi, penyakit sistemik, infeksi dan neoplasia. Gambaran klin...

  12. Exercise Training in Stable Heart Transplant recipients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dall, Christian Have

    Afhandlingen består af to forsøg, et randomiseret crossover forsøg der undersøger effekten af træning på hjertetransplanterede, samt et klinisk forsøg der undersøger akut blodtryksstigning ved styrketræning hos hjertetransplanterede, hjertesvigtspatienter, og patienter med iskæmisk hjertesygdom. ...

  13. Hubungan TNF-α dengan Derajat Keparahan Gastritis

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Gontar Alamsyah; Sitepu, Ricky Rivalino; Halim, Sahat

    2016-01-01

    Gastritis ialah proses peradangan pada lapisan mukosa dan submukosa lambung sebagai respon terhadap jejas (injury). Gastritis berbeda dengan dispepsia, yang merupakan suatu sindroma klinis. Sementara gastritis merupakan diagnosis yang bisa ditegakkan secara histologis, bukan secara klinis. Pada gastritis terjadi respons inflamasi baik akut maupun kronik dimana faktor-faktor proinflamasi, atau disebut dengan sitokin, teraktivasi dan menyebabkan terjadinya inflamasi mukosa. Infeksi dengan k...

  14. Dansen om nøgenheden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tem Frank

    2015-01-01

    "50 ÅR EFTER har vi naturligvis rykket os noget på det punkt, hvad de kønspolitiske debatter viser. Er man hyppig bruger af Instagram, bliver det hurtigt klart, at vores kultur, i dette årtusinde, stadig har mange bøfler."......"50 ÅR EFTER har vi naturligvis rykket os noget på det punkt, hvad de kønspolitiske debatter viser. Er man hyppig bruger af Instagram, bliver det hurtigt klart, at vores kultur, i dette årtusinde, stadig har mange bøfler."...

  15. Voluntary organized sport in Denmark and Norway

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Bjarne; Seippel, Ørnulf

    2010-01-01

    Idræt organiseret i frivillige foreninger er meget udbredt i de skandinaviske lande. I denne artikel sammenlignes idræt i foreninger i Norge og Danmark. De to lande sammenlignes på en række dimensioner: den frivillige sektor generelt og frivillig organiseret sport specifikt. Efter denne sammenlig......Idræt organiseret i frivillige foreninger er meget udbredt i de skandinaviske lande. I denne artikel sammenlignes idræt i foreninger i Norge og Danmark. De to lande sammenlignes på en række dimensioner: den frivillige sektor generelt og frivillig organiseret sport specifikt. Efter denne...

  16. Oprør mod New Public Management lurer i folkekirken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth-Nissen, Karen Marie Sø

    2016-01-01

    Folkekirken kan vælge at springe af New Public Management-vognen efter en ny evaluering af styringsformen, da folkekirken ikke er så gennemgribende påvirket af New Public Management som den offentlige sektor, vurderer ph.d.-studerende Karen Marie Leth-Nissen......Folkekirken kan vælge at springe af New Public Management-vognen efter en ny evaluering af styringsformen, da folkekirken ikke er så gennemgribende påvirket af New Public Management som den offentlige sektor, vurderer ph.d.-studerende Karen Marie Leth-Nissen...

  17. Frisættelse af fødderne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkeby, Ole Fogh

    2013-01-01

    Kropskultur. Amerikansk journalist og forfatter hævder, at løb - og fødder - giver adgang til livets mening. Anmeldelse af: Christoffer McDougall: Født til løb. Oversat af Jacob Giese efter Born to Run. Forlaget Turbulenz, 400 sider.......Kropskultur. Amerikansk journalist og forfatter hævder, at løb - og fødder - giver adgang til livets mening. Anmeldelse af: Christoffer McDougall: Født til løb. Oversat af Jacob Giese efter Born to Run. Forlaget Turbulenz, 400 sider....

  18. Depression och stress hos kranskärlspatienter

    OpenAIRE

    Olsson, Daniel; Christovski, Minja

    2011-01-01

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur vanligt det är med stress och depression efter genomgången hjärtinfarkt. Vidare planeras att undersöka samband mellan stress och depression samt också eventuella skillnader mellan könen för hur stress och depression upplevs efter genomgången hjärtinfarkt. Metod: Patienter som varit inlagda för hjärtinfarkt vid Akademiska sjukhuset i Uppsala inkluderas i studien. Patienterna skall ha genomgått hjärtinfarkt och/eller PCI och/eller CABG. De tre enk...

  19. Regeringens 2020-plan er dumpet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    En makroøkonomisk analyse skal indeholde udviklingen i udbud såvel som i efterspørgsel. Regeringens 2020-plan mangler en analyse af udviklingen i efterspørgslen efter arbejdskraft, derfor får den en 'dumpekarakter'.......En makroøkonomisk analyse skal indeholde udviklingen i udbud såvel som i efterspørgsel. Regeringens 2020-plan mangler en analyse af udviklingen i efterspørgslen efter arbejdskraft, derfor får den en 'dumpekarakter'....

  20. Væksten i forbrug af økovarer

    OpenAIRE

    Wier, Mette

    2000-01-01

    Efterspørgslen efter økologiske fødevarer er vokset kraftigt i Danmark og mange andre vestlige lande de seneste ti år. Forbruget udgør dog stadig kun få procent af det samlede fødevareforbrug i de fleste lande. I dag er det en nicheproduktion, men den har måske potentialet til at sprænge alle rammer og opnå betragtelige markedsandele, siger seniorforsker Mette Wier, AKF. Nærværende artikel gengiver resultater fra forskningsprojektet “Efterspørgslen efter økologiske fødevarer”, der udføre...

  1. PTSD hos ældre efterladte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    O'Connor, Maja

    2009-01-01

    Intro: Tab af ægtefælle i alderdommen kan være en traumatisk begivenhed med reaktioner og symptomer på linje med dem, man nogle gange ser efter overfald, ulykker og naturkatastrofer. Det slår en ny undersøgelse fast. Udgivelsesdato: Maj 2009......Intro: Tab af ægtefælle i alderdommen kan være en traumatisk begivenhed med reaktioner og symptomer på linje med dem, man nogle gange ser efter overfald, ulykker og naturkatastrofer. Det slår en ny undersøgelse fast. Udgivelsesdato: Maj 2009...

  2. Design of a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) Evaluating Outcome and Cost-effectiveness of a Local Case-Management Intervention of Patients Suffering from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Sabrina Storgaard; Pedersen, Kjeld Møller; Ehlers, Lars Holger

    efter at være blevet henvist til pulmonær rehabilitering på rehabiliteringscenteret i Aalborg Kommune. Kontrolgruppen vil modtage vanlig behandling, hvorimod interventionsgruppen vil modtage forløbskoordination foruden deres vanlige behandling. Hver patient følges i 12 mdr. Spørgeskemaerne SF-12, EQ-5D......, Sct. George-Respiratory-Questionnaire (SG-RQ) og The Patient-Activation-Measure (PAM-13) vil blive udfyldt ved baseline og efter 12 mdr. Prospektivt indsamlede data fra nationale populations-baserede medicinske registre vil blive benyttet til at estimere events og omkostninger. Konklusion: Studiet...

  3. Design of a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) Evaluating Outcome and Cost-effectiveness of a Local Case-Management Intervention of Patients Suffering from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Sabrina Storgaard; Pedersen, Kjeld Møller; Ehlers, Lars Holger

    2013-01-01

    efter at være blevet henvist til pulmonær rehabilitering på rehabiliteringscenteret i Aalborg Kommune. Kontrolgruppen vil modtage vanlig behandling, hvorimod interventionsgruppen vil modtage forløbskoordination foruden deres vanlige behandling. Hver patient følges i 12 mdr. Spørgeskemaerne SF-12, EQ-5D......, Sct. George-Respiratory-Questionnaire (SG-RQ) og The Patient-Activation-Measure (PAM-13) vil blive udfyldt ved baseline og efter 12 mdr. Prospektivt indsamlede data fra nationale populations-baserede medicinske registre vil blive benyttet til at estimere events og omkostninger. Konklusion: Studiet...

  4. The Imitation Game: Alan Turings enigmatiske imitationsspil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Martin Mose

    2015-01-01

    Alan Turing revolutionerede computervidenskaben og modtog først verdens anerkendelse længe efter sin død. Nu sætter filmen 'The Imitation Game', der har premiere i Danmark 29. januar 2015, fokus på det oversete geni.......Alan Turing revolutionerede computervidenskaben og modtog først verdens anerkendelse længe efter sin død. Nu sætter filmen 'The Imitation Game', der har premiere i Danmark 29. januar 2015, fokus på det oversete geni....

  5. Fra "en rigtig pige" til "en gravid mand"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heede, Dag

    2012-01-01

    Nedslag i to eksempler på "transreproduktion": Lili Elbe, en transkvinde, der i 1931 døde efter en række kønsskifteoperationer og Thomas Beatie, en transmand, der i 2008 fødte et barn udgav en bog om det.......Nedslag i to eksempler på "transreproduktion": Lili Elbe, en transkvinde, der i 1931 døde efter en række kønsskifteoperationer og Thomas Beatie, en transmand, der i 2008 fødte et barn udgav en bog om det....

  6. Fri os fra new public management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wamberg, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    Fri os fra new public management. Efter en grel strukturreform iværksat af en ledelse på fatal afstand af medarbejderne står Aarhus Universitet tilbage med et millionunderskud og massefyringer. Universitetsloven trænger til et eftersyn.......Fri os fra new public management. Efter en grel strukturreform iværksat af en ledelse på fatal afstand af medarbejderne står Aarhus Universitet tilbage med et millionunderskud og massefyringer. Universitetsloven trænger til et eftersyn....

  7. Sikkerhedsbestemmelser for beskæringsarbejde fra lift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Ole Sejr; Theilby, Frans

    Brug af lift til beskæring og fældning af træer er blevet udbredt i den grønne sektor. Som bruger er det vigtigt at kende den lift, man har valgt, og at arbejdet med motorsav foregår efter Arbejdstilsynets regler og anbefalinger.......Brug af lift til beskæring og fældning af træer er blevet udbredt i den grønne sektor. Som bruger er det vigtigt at kende den lift, man har valgt, og at arbejdet med motorsav foregår efter Arbejdstilsynets regler og anbefalinger....

  8. Hjälp vi skall vårda en patient med anorexi : En kvalitativ litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Sjöbacka, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Vuxna patienter som lider av Anorexia Nervosa utgör en krävande patientgrupp inom både somatiska och mentala aspekter. När en patient med anorexi kommer till en akut medicinsk enhet innebär det att den medicinska vården är livsviktig, men hur är det med det mentala stödet för patienten? Syftet för denna studie är att presentera problematiken kring vården av vuxna patienter med anorexi. Studiens frågeställning lyder: Vad kan sjukvårdspersonal på en akut medicinsk enhet göra för att förbättra v...

  9. Comparison of ventilation/perfusion scintigraphy and multi-detector computerized tomography in diagnosis of asymptomatic pulmonary embolism after deep vein thrombosis

    OpenAIRE

    Eflatun Yücedağ; Ayhan Uysal; Oktay Burma; İbrahim Murat Özgüler; Mehmet Cengiz Çolak; Tansel Ansal Balcı

    2014-01-01

    Amaç: Pulmoner tromboemboli (PTE) sistemik venöz sistemde oluşan pıhtıların pulmoner vasküler yatağa göçü ile ortaya çıkan klinik tabloya verilen isimdir. Akut derin ven trombozu (DVT) sonrası ortalama %40-60 oranında asemptomatik PTE görülmekte ve bu durum sessiz klinik seyir nedeniyle fark edilmemektedir. Bu çalışmamızda akut alt ekstremite DVT\\'sine bağlı gelişen asemptomatik PTE tanısında hala günümüzde önemli bir yer tutan ventilasyon-perfüzyon (V/P) sintigrafisi ile son yıllarda kullanı...

  10. Ambulanssjuksköterskors upplevelser av smärtlindring av barn i en prehospital kontext - en kvalitativ intervjustudie

    OpenAIRE

    Ekstrand, Magnus; Hed, Kristina

    2014-01-01

    Syftet med denna studie är att studera ambulanssjuksköterskors upplevelser av att bedöma och vårda barn under tio års ålder med akut smärta i en prehospital kontext.   Metod: Studien utfördes som en kvalitativ empirisk intervjustudie baserad på fem öppna frågor. Tio ambulanssjuksköterskor intervjuades och fick beskriva positiva och negativa upplevelser av att omhänderta barn 0-10 år med akut smärta i prehospital kontext. Materialet analyserades genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys med en manif...

  11. Freiwillige Einnahme von Paracetamol und Paracetamol-Coffein-Kombinationen im Tiermodell

    OpenAIRE

    Clasen, Jörg

    2008-01-01

    Es wurden folgende Arbeitshypothesen überprüft: 1. Paracetamol führt im Tiermodell, insbesondere in der Kombination mit Coffein, bei freier Substanzwahl zu einem kontrollierten, flexiblen Einnahmemuster und schließlich zur Ausbildung einer Sucht. 2. Individuelle Verhaltensmerkmale der Tiere lassen Rückschlüsse auf das Einnahmeverhalten zu. 3. Coffein und Paracetamol besitzen psychomotorische Effekte, dabei agieren die Effekte von Coffein und Paracetamol nach akuter Verabreichung nic...

  12. Penanganan Rasa Sakit Gigi Pada Kasus-Kasus Endodontik

    OpenAIRE

    Gatot Sutrisno

    2015-01-01

    Endodontik merupakan cabang dalam ilmu Kedokteran Gigi yang banyak menangani kasus penyakit pulpa dan peri-apek yang merupakan kelanjutan dari penyakit pulpa itu sendiri. Seperti pada umumnya kasus-kasus kepenyakitan yang lain penderita datang pada keadaan sakit akut yang hebat dengan penyakit pulpa yang tidak dapat kita selamatkan vitalitasnya lagi. Hal itu terjadi karena daya regenerasi pulpa amat minim. Rasa sakit pada kasus endodontik merupakan dasar dari penderita untuk datang dirawat de...

  13. Randomisierte, doppelblinde, Placebo-kontrollierte Studie zur kontinuierlichen, lokalen Dexamethason-Applikation als "Rettungstherapie" bei hochgradigem Hörsturz

    OpenAIRE

    Plontke, S; Löwenheim, H; J. Mertens; Weidner, A.; Meisner, C; Zimmermann, R.; Preyer, S; Koitschev, A; Zenner, HP

    2007-01-01

    Einleitung: Die Prognose für die Erholung der Hörschwelle nach erfolgloser, systemischer Therapie bei hochgradigem Hörsturz ist unbefriedigend. Bei der lokalen Medikamentenapplikation an das Innenohr können höhere Medikamentenspiegel im Innenohr erreicht und Nebenwirkungen einer systemischen Therapie vermieden werden.Methode: Im Rahmen einer randomisierten, Placebo-kontrollierten, Doppelblind-Studie wurde bei 23 Patienten mit akutem, idiopathischem, hochgradigem Hörverlust oder akuter Surdi...

  14. Alleinige systemische Hochdosis-Prednisolon-Therapie versus nachfolgende kontinuierliche oder intermittierend volumenstabilisierte lokale Dexamethason-Applikation als Reservetherapie nach Hörsturz

    OpenAIRE

    Plontke, S; Bosert, A; Löwenheim, H; Koitschev, A; Zenner, HP

    2010-01-01

    Einleitung: Die lokale Applikation von Medikamenten zur Innenohrtherapie hat in den letzten Jahren eine wachsende Aufmerksamkeit erfahren. Im Vordergrund der Hörsturztherapie stehen Glukokortikoide. Sie werden entweder primär, als Reservetherapie oder in Kombination mit systemischer Therapie eingesetzt und über eine intratympanale Injektion oder z.B. über Pumpen appliziert.Methoden: In den Jahren 1999 bis 2009 behandelten wir an unserer Klinik mehr als 300 Patienten mit akuter hochgradiger ...

  15. Pankreaskrankheiten und Diabetes mellitus

    OpenAIRE

    Galonska M; Hartje I; Büchsel R

    2012-01-01

    Pankreatogener Diabetes entsteht nach akuter oder chronischer Pankreatitis, nach Pankreasresektion, bei einem Pankreaskarzinom sowie bei autoimmuner Pankreatitis. Bei der chronischen Pankreatitis haben die Krankheitsdauer, die Ätiologie sowie das Auftreten von Kalzifikationen Bedeutung für das Ausmaß der endokrinen Dysfunktion. Die Ätiologie und das Ausmaß der Operation bestimmen die Ausprägung der endokrinen Dysfunktion nach Pankreasresektion. Etwa 85 % der Patienten mit Autoimmunp...

  16. Distillation as a means of separating krypton from the off-gas of a reprocessing plant for graphite-coated HTR fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The AKUT-II facility is described, which is designed for an off-gas throughput of 10 Nm3/h. The low-pressure section is for primary purification in several steps, whereas in the high-pressure CO2 section (70 bar, 200C) the separation of Kr-85 by means of distillation is achieved. The parameters for the design of the rectifying columns have been determined experimentally. (HP)

  17. PERBEDAAN OSMOLALITAS DAN pH DARAH PADA TINDAKAN TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE (TURP) YANG DIBERIKAN NATRIUM LAKTAT HIPERTONIK 3 ML/KGBB DENGAN NATRIUM KLORIDA 0,9% 3 ML/KGBB

    OpenAIRE

    Srinami Dewi; Made Gede Widnyana; Wayan Suranadi

    2014-01-01

    Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) merupakan prosedur baku  dalam  penatalaksanaanhiperplasia prostat yang disertai retensi urin akut berulang atau kronis. Tindakan ini dikerjakandengan fasilitas air sebagai cairan irigasi. Salah satu komplikasi tindakan ini dikenal sebagai sindromTURP.  Kelebihan cairan intravaskular karena absorbsi cairan irigasi akan mengakibatkan terjadinyahiponatremia dilusional yang akan menurunkan  osmolalitas plasma. Perubahan kadar Nadan Lac dapat mengakibatk...

  18. Mathematische Modellberechnungen zur Wirksamkeit und Effektivität der intensivierten akuten normovolämischen Hämodilution anhand von Originalpatientendaten

    OpenAIRE

    Fetzner, Ute

    2009-01-01

    Problem: Die akute normovoläme Hämodilution (ANH) ist als fremdblutsparende Maßnahme (FBSM) umstritten. Klin. Daten sind widersprüchlich, math. Modelle zeigen mässigen Erythrozytensparenden Effekt (+RBC). Math. Simulationsanalysen von Original-Patientendaten liegen bisher nicht vor. Methodik: Math. Simulation der ANH (500 ml/E) bis Erreichen von vorher festgelegten Transfusionstriggern bei 207 konsekutiven, für ANH-geeigneten Patienten. Analyse betr. +RBC und den zu kompensi...

  19. Versorgung von Gewaltopfern in Notaufnahmen : Ergebnisse des Projektes „Gewalt in Notaufnahmen Hessen“ ; (GeNoaH)

    OpenAIRE

    Grundel, Anna; Blättner, Beate; Grewe, Henny Annette

    2012-01-01

    Gewalt kann zu Verletzungen führen, die akut versorgt werden müssen. Das Notaufnahmepersonal kommt deshalb in Kontakt mit Personen, denen Gewalt widerfahren ist und wird mit deren spezifischen Versorgungsanforderungen konfrontiert. In welchem Umfang dies erfolgt, ist in Deutschland weitgehend unbekannt. Es interessierte, wie häufig Gewaltfolgen in Notaufnahmen behandelt werden und wie hoch die Zwölf-Monatsprävalenz der Patientinnen und Patienten ist. Handlungsunsicherheiten der Pflegekräfte, ...

  20. Hyperglykämie bei akutem Myokardsyndrom und operativer Myokardrevaskularisation: Risiken und Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tschöpe D

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Ein deutlich erhöhtes periinterventionelles Risiko (PCI und CABG bei Patienten mit Diabetes mellitus Typ 2 kann durch eine normnahe Blutglukoseeinstellung reduziert werden. Die normnahe Blutglukoseeinstellung sollte akut durch Glukose-Insulin-(Kalium- Infusionen (GIK erfolgen. In der Langzeitbetreuung gilt die Zielwerterreichung unabhängig vom pharmakologischen Prinzip der Blutglukosesenkung. Im Spektrum der verfügbaren oralen Antidiabetika scheinen Metformin, Acarbose und Glitazone über pleiotrope Effekte kardioprotektiv zu wirken.