WorldWideScience

Sample records for air source heat pumps

  1. Some comments on air source heat pumps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haukaas, H.T. (Norges tekniska hoegskola, Trondheim (Norway)). Institutt for kuldeteknikk

    1982-02-01

    Some vital conditions regarding air/water heat pumps are analyzed by use of computer simulators of a middle sized heat pump system. Heat pumps, and specially air source units, should always be used in combination with conventional heating equipment for peak load supply. (Bivalent systems). The economic optimum heat pump capacity compared to system design load is strongly related to the climate. At typical coastal conditions a ratio of 60-70 per cent is found favourable, while 40-50 per cent will be the correct choice for Norwegian inland area. Analysis of the evaporator shows that it should be designed for 120-130 W/m/sup 2/ specific load and 2-2.2 m/s inlet air velocity, which is well below common practice in designing standard air coolers. The condenser LMTD (logaritmic mean temperature difference) should be chosen about 4 degrees C, while the corresponding 'sellers optimum' is calculated to app. 8.5 degrees C. The difference in total heating costs between systems fully designed according to 'sellers optimum' and 'buyers optimum' respectively is found to be about 0.01 Nkr/kWh.

  2. EnergyPlus Air Source Integrated Heat Pump Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shen, Bo [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy and Transportation Science Division; Adams, Mark B. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy and Transportation Science Division; New, Joshua Ryan [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy and Transportation Science Division

    2016-03-30

    This report summarizes the development of the EnergyPlus air-source integrated heat pump model. It introduces its physics, sub-models, working modes, and control logic. In addition, inputs and outputs of the new model are described, and input data file (IDF) examples are given.

  3. ENERGY STAR Certified Non-AHRI Central Air Conditioner Equipment and Air Source Heat Pump

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Certified models meet all ENERGY STAR requirements as listed in the Version 5.0 ENERGY STAR Program Requirements for Air Source Heat Pump and Central Air Conditioner...

  4. Temperature and Humidity Independent Control Research on Ground Source Heat Pump Air Conditioning System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, G.; Wang, L. L.

    Taking green demonstration center building air conditioning system as an example, this paper presents the temperature and humidity independent control system combined with ground source heat pump system, emphasis on the design of dry terminal device system, fresh air system and ground source heat pump system.

  5. Measured Performance of a Low Temperature Air Source Heat Pump

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R.K. Johnson

    2013-09-01

    A 4-ton Low Temperature Heat Pump (LTHP) manufactured by Hallowell International was installed in a residence near New Haven, Connecticut and monitored over two winters of operation. After attending to some significant service issues, the heat pump operated as designed. This report should be considered a review of the dual compressor “boosted heat pump” technology. The Low Temperature Heat Pump system operates with four increasing levels of capacity (heat output) as the outdoor temperature drops.

  6. Temperature distribution of air source heat pump barn with different air flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, X.; Li, J. C.; Zhao, G. Q.

    2016-08-01

    There are two type of airflow form in tobacco barn, one is air rising, the other is air falling. They are different in the structure layout and working principle, which affect the tobacco barn in the distribution of temperature field and velocity distribution. In order to compare the temperature and air distribution of the two, thereby obtain a tobacco barn whose temperature field and velocity distribution are more uniform. Taking the air source heat pump tobacco barn as the investigated subject and establishing relevant mathematical model, the thermodynamics of the two type of curing barn was analysed and compared based on Fluent. Provide a reasonable evidence for chamber arrangement and selection of outlet for air source heat pump tobacco barn.

  7. Heat pump using dual heat sources of air and water. Performance in cooling mode; Mizu kuki ryonetsugen heat pump no kenkyu. Reibo unten ni okeru seino

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ito, S.; Miura, N. [Kanagawa Institute of Technology, Kanagawa (Japan); Uchikawa, Y. [Kubota Corp., Osaka (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    When a heat pump is used for cooling purpose, it is possible to utilize different kinds of waste water as high-heat sources. However, these heat sources would have their temperatures vary with seasons and time in a day. Therefore, a discussion was given on performance of a heat pump when water and air heat sources are used for condensers during cooling operation independently, in series and in parallel, respectively. The air condenser shows an equivalent COP as compared with the water condenser when air temperature is lower by about 8 degC than water temperature. At the same heat source temperature, the COP for the water condenser indicated a value higher by about 0.6 than the case of the air condenser. A method to use condensers in parallel experiences little contribution from the air heat source, and performance of the heat pump decreases below the case of using the water heat source independently when the air heat source temperature becomes higher than that of the water heat source. In the case of series use in which a water condenser is installed in front and an air condenser in rear, its effect is exhibited when temperature in the air heat source is lower than that in the water heat source. Better performance was shown than in operating the water heat source independently. 2 refs., 9 figs.

  8. Measured Performance of a Low Temperature Air Source Heat Pump

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, R. K. [Johnson Research LLC, Pueblo West, CO (United States)

    2013-09-01

    A 4-ton Low Temperature Heat Pump (LTHP) manufactured by Hallowell International was installed in a residence near New Haven, Connecticut and monitored over two winters of operation. After attending to some significant service issues, the heat pump operated as designed. This report should be considered a review of the dual compressor 'boosted heat pump' technology. The Low Temperature Heat Pumpsystem operates with four increasing levels of capacity (heat output) as the outdoor temperature drops. The system was shown to select capacity correctly, supplying the appropriate amount of heat to the house across the full range of outdoor temperatures. The system's Coefficient of Performance (Seasonal COP, or SCOP) over two entire winters was calculated, based on measured data, to be 3.29over the first winter and 2.68 over the second winter. A second seasonal efficiency calculation by a different method yielded a SCOP of 2.78 for the first winter and 2.83 for the second winter. This second seasonal efficiency calculation was determined by comparing measured heat pump energy use to the in situ energy use with resistance heat alone. This method is the ratio of the slopes of thedaily energy use load lines.

  9. Development of dual-source hybrid heat pump system using groundwater and air

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nam, Yujin; Ooka, Ryozo [Cw403 Institute of Industry Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505 (Japan); Shiba, Yoshiro [Zeneral Heatpump Industry Co., Ltd., Nagoya 459-8001 (Japan)

    2010-06-15

    To achieve high heat pump efficiency, groundwater heat pump (GWHP) system uses groundwater, which is relatively stable AT temperature compared with outdoor air, as a heat source. However, it is difficult to meet annual heating and cooling loads using only groundwater as a heat source. In order to optimize the operation method of GWHP systems, it is necessary to develop a system utilizing both groundwater and air sources according to the building load conditions. Furthermore, during intermediate seasons (such as spring and autumn) with reduced heating and cooling loads, GWHP system is less efficient than air source heat pump (ASHP) system according to temperature conditions. In order to more efficiently use GWHP systems, it is necessary to develop a system which utilizes both groundwater and air sources according to temperature conditions and building loads. This research has developed a GWHP system that employs a hybrid heat pump system with groundwater wells using dual groundwater and air heat sources. In this paper, the annual performance of the developed system has been calculated, and several case studies have been conducted on the effect of introduction location, refrigerant and pumping rate. Furthermore, the coefficient of system performance and the effects on underground environments have been evaluated by real-scale experiment using two wells. (author)

  10. ENERGY STAR Certified Non-AHRI Central Air Conditioner Equipment and Air Source Heat Pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Certified models meet all ENERGY STAR requirements as listed in the Version 5.0 ENERGY STAR Program Requirements for Air Source Heat Pump and Central Air Conditioner Equipment that are effective as of September 15, 2015. A detailed listing of key efficiency criteria are available at http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=airsrc_heat.pr_crit_as_heat_pumps Listed products have been submitted to EPA by ENERGY STAR partners that do not participate in the AHRI certification program. EPA will continue to update this list with products that are certified by EPA-recognized certification bodies other than AHRI. The majority of ENERGY STAR products, certified by AHRI, can be found on the CEE/AHRI Verified Directory at http://www.ceedirectory.org/

  11. Operation Performance of Air Source Heat Pump System for Space Heating in Tianjin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Jun; CHEN Yan; QU Hang; LI Xinguo

    2007-01-01

    An air source heat pump system (ASHPS) used in an office building is set up and studied experimentally. Its operating performance in winter is evaluated based on test data and a comparative discussion is given on the effect of climate conditions and heating load ratio on the operation behavior.Then heating capacity variation caused by evaporator frosting is analyzed as well. Finally, the defrosting parameters and the technical feasibility are studied for a constant heating demand. The experimental results indicate that both the outlet water temperature drop and the system COP should be taken into account when setting defrosting parameters, and ASHPS is a viable technology for space heating and hotwater production in winter in Tianjin, which can maintain the room temperature above 19 ℃ when the outdoor temperature is -2 ℃.

  12. A flexible and low cost experimental stand for air source heat pump for Smart Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Crăciun, Vasile S.; Bojesen, Carsten; Blarke, Morten

    2012-01-01

    prices. A significant part of this challenge may be dealt with in the way space heating, space cooling, and domestic hot water production which is provided to residential and commercial buildings. Air source heat pumps (ASHP) are widely used conversion technologies for providing building thermal energy...

  13. Hourly Calculation Method of Air Source Heat Pump Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludovico Danza

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes an hourly simplified model for the evaluation of the energy performance of heat pumps in cooling mode maintaining a high accuracy and low computational cost. This approach differs from the methods used for the assessment of the overall energy consumption of the building, normally placed in the so-called white or black box models, where the transient conduction equation is deterministically and stochastically solved, respectively. The present method wants to be the expression of the grey box model, taking place between the previous approaches. The building envelope is defined using a building thermal model realized with a 3 Resistance 1 Capacitance (3R1C thermal network based on the solution of the lumped capacitance method. The simplified model evaluates the energy efficiency ratio (EER of a heat pump through the determination of the hourly second law efficiency of a reversed Carnot cycle. The results of the simplified method were finally compared with those provided by EnergyPlus, a dynamic building energy simulation program, and those collected from an outdoor test cell in real working conditions. The results are presented in temperatures and energy consumptions profiles and are validated using the Bland-Altman test.

  14. Unitary water-to-air heat pumps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christian, J.E.

    1977-10-01

    Performance and cost functions for nine unitary water-to-air heat pumps ranging in nominal size from /sup 1///sub 2/ to 26 tons are presented in mathematical form for easy use in heat pump computer simulations. COPs at nominal water source temperature of 60/sup 0/F range from 2.5 to 3.4 during the heating cycle; during the cooling cycle EERs range from 8.33 to 9.09 with 85/sup 0/F entering water source temperatures. The COP and EER values do not include water source pumping power or any energy requirements associated with a central heat source and heat rejection equipment.

  15. Performance tests of air source heat pumps under frosting conditions. Quality of results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahlen, P.

    This report focuses on the analysis of uncertainties in research regarding air-source heat pumps. The principles recommended by the Western European Calibration Conference (WECC) are applied and the generated information is condensed in the form of uncertainty budgets. The ensuring discussion, and the Measurement Assurance Program that was applied during the research work are also relevant to general testing of cooling coils, e.g. for air source heat pumps. The general conclusion of the analysis is that the method of determining frost mass by continuous weighing and frost density by inference from pressure drop considerations, which is presented in the report, has the potential to produce results with an accuracy on a par with the best previously used techniques to investigate frosting and defrosting phenomena. Furthermore, the methodology has the distinct advantage of yielding online measuring possibilities and being much less time consuming than traditional techniques.

  16. Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump for Near-Zero Energy Houses: Technology Status Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murphy, Richard W [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Craddick, William G [ORNL

    2007-07-01

    This report documents the development of an air-source integrated heat pump (AS-IHP) through the third quarter of FY2007. It describes the design, analyses and testing of the AS-IHP, and provides performance specifications for a field test prototype and proposed control strategy. The results obtained so far continue to support the AS-IHP being a promising candidate to meet the energy service needs for DOE's development of a Zero Energy Home (ZEH) by the year 2020.

  17. Air Source Heat Pump a Key Role in the Development of Smart Buildings in Future Energy Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Craciun, Vasile S.; Trifa, Viorel; Bojesen, Carsten

    2012-01-01

    of energy is used for space heating, space cooling, and domestic hot water production which are provided to residential and commercial buildings. Air source heat pumps (ASHP) are widely used conversion technologies all over the world for providing building thermal energy services as: cooling, heating...

  18. Crystallization Analysis and Control of Ammonia-Based Air Source Absorption Heat Pump in Cold Regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Wu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy consumption of heating and domestic hot water is very high and will keep increasing. Air source absorption heat pump (ASAHP was proposed to overcome the problems of low energy efficiency and high air pollution existing in boiler systems, as well as the problem of bad performance under low ambient temperatures for electrical heat pumps. In order to investigate the crystallization possibility of ammonia-salt ASAHP, crystallization margin (evaluated by solution mass concentration at generating temperature ranging from 100 to 150°C, evaporating temperature from −30 to 10°C, and condensing temperature from 30 to 65°C are analyzed. To prevent the NH3–NaSCN solution from crystallizing, ASAHP integrated with pressure booster located between the evaporator and absorber is simulated. Analysis and comparisons show that NH3–NaSCN is easy to crystallize at relatively high generating temperature, low evaporating temperature, and low condensing temperature. But crystallization margin of NH3–LiNO3 can always stay above 5% for most conditions, keeping away from crystallization. Pressure booster can effectively avoid the crystallization problem that will take place in the NH3–NaSCN ASAHP system.

  19. Heat pump using dual heat sources of air and water. Performance with heat sources arranged in parallel; Mizu kuki ryonetsugen heat pump no kenkyu. Netsugen heiretsu unten ni okeru seino

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ito, S.; Miura, N.; Sato, S. [Kanagawa Institute of Technology, Kanagawa (Japan); Uchikawa, Y.; Hamada, K. [Kubota Corp., Osaka (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    A heat pump system using water and air as heat sources was built and evaluated for its performance. In this system, evaporators may be operated singly or as connected in parallel or series, and, for each case, the quantity of heat acquired may be measured and system performance may be quantitatively evaluated. The findings follow. When the two heat sources are equal in temperature in the single-evaporator operation, the evaporation temperature is about 7{degree}C higher on the water side than on the air side, and the performance coefficient is about 0.7 higher. When the air heat source temperature is 25{degree}C in the parallel operation, like quantities of heat are obtained from both heat sources, and collection of heat from the water increases with a decrease in the air heat source temperature but, with an increase, collection from the air increases. When the air heat source temperature decreases, the evaporation temperature decreases in the single-evaporator working on the air and in the parallel operation but it levels off in the single-evaporator working on the water alone. When the water heat source temperature decreases, evaporation temperature drop is sharper in the single-evaporator working on the water than in the parallel operation, which suggests the transfer from the parallel operation to the single-evaporator working on the air. In the single-evaporator operation on the water heat source, the evaporation temperature linearly decreases with an increase in superheating. 1 ref., 10 figs.

  20. Advanced variable speed air source integrated heat pump (AS-IHP) development - CRADA final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baxter, Van D. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Rice, C. Keith [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Munk, Jeffrey D. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Ally, Moonis Raza [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Shen, Bo [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2015-09-30

    Between August 2011 and September 2015, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Nordyne, LLC (now Nortek Global HVAC LLC, NGHVAC) engaged in a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to develop an air-source integrated heat pump (AS-IHP) system for the US residential market. Two generations of laboratory prototype systems were designed, fabricated, and lab-tested during 2011-2013. Performance maps for the system were developed using the latest research version of the DOE/ORNL Heat Pump Design Model, or HPDM, (Rice 1991; Rice and Jackson 2005; Shen et al 2012) as calibrated against the lab test data. These maps were the input to the TRNSYS (SOLAR Energy Laboratory, et al, 2010) system to predict annual performance relative to a baseline suite of equipment meeting minimum efficiency standards in effect in 2006 (combination of 13 SEER air-source heat pump (ASHP) and resistance water heater with Energy Factor (EF) of 0.9). Predicted total annual energy savings, while providing space conditioning and water heating for a tight, well insulated 2600 ft2 (242 m2) house at 5 U.S. locations, ranged from 46 to 61%, averaging 52%, relative to the baseline system (lowest savings at the cold-climate Chicago location). Predicted energy use for water heating was reduced 62 to 76% relative to resistance WH. Based on these lab prototype test and analyses results a field test prototype was designed and fabricated by NGHVAC. The unit was installed in a 2400 ft2 (223 m2) research house in Knoxville, TN and field tested from May 2014 to April 2015. Based on the demonstrated field performance of the AS-IHP prototype and estimated performance of a baseline system operating under the same loads and weather conditions, it was estimated that the prototype would achieve ~40% energy savings relative to the minimum efficiency suite. The estimated WH savings were >60% and SC mode savings were >50%. But estimated SH savings were only about 20%. It is believed that had the test

  1. Reflection of ground-source heat pump systems' application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGSuyun; LINZhenguo; WUXiangsheng; WUTian

    2003-01-01

    Ground-source heat pump system is an air-conditioning form of energy efficient and environment protection. This article introduced the forms of ground-source heat pump systems, analyzed the problems of ground-source heat pump systems in application in China, and put forward the solutions to these problems.

  2. 基于复合热源的热泵型空调器%Heat pump air conditioner based on multiple heat sources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴国珊; 凌勋

    2012-01-01

    It is proposed that the air-water multiple heat sources could be the heat source of heat pump air conditioner. Based on the current study condition, the heat pump air conditioner which has a air/family waste water multiple heat source is preliminary designed. The working cycle and characteristics of the air conditioner are analyzed by using the thermodynamic principle. The results show that the refrigeration performance of the heat pump air conditioner is better than that of air source heat pump air conditioner, the heating performance and the situation which the outdoor heat exchanger frosts are improved.%提出将空气-水作为热泵型空调器的复合热源.根据当前的研究状况,初步设计空气-水复合热源热泵型空调器,利用热力学原理分析该空调器的工作循环和特点,结果表明该空调器的制冷性能高于空气源热泵空调器,制热和室外换热器结霜状况得到一定改善.

  3. Fluidized Bed Air-to-Air Heat Pump Evaporator Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-01

    Frost formation of air-to-air heat pump evaporator surfaces reduces unit efficiency and restricts application. The use of a fluidized bed heat...exchanger as an air-to- heat pump evaporator was investigated to determine if frost accumulation could be eliminated. Experimental investigations were...evaluated, with no practical solution being developed. The use of a fluidized bed heat exchanger for air-to-air heat pump evaporators was determined not feasible. (Author)

  4. Solar assisted heat pump on air collectors: A simulation tool

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karagiorgas, Michalis; Galatis, Kostas; Tsagouri, Manolis [Department of Mechanical Engineering Educators, ASPETE, N. Iraklio, GR 14121 (Greece); Tsoutsos, Theocharis [Environmental Engineering Dept., Technical University of Crete, Technical University Campus, GR 73100, Chania (Greece); Botzios-Valaskakis, Aristotelis [Centre for Renewable Energy Sources (CRES), 19th km Marathon Ave., GR 19001, Pikermi (Greece)

    2010-01-15

    The heating system of the bioclimatic building of the Greek National Centre for Renewable Energy Sources (CRES) comprises two heating plants: the first one includes an air source heat pump, Solar Air Collectors (SACs) and a heat distribution system (comprising a fan coil unit network); the second one is, mainly, a geothermal heat pump unit to cover the ground floor thermal needs. The SAC configuration as well as the fraction of the building heating load covered by the heating plant are assessed in two operation modes; the direct (hot air from the collectors is supplied directly to the heated space) and the indirect mode (warm air from the SAC or its mixture with ambient air is not supplied directly to the heated space but indirectly into the evaporator of the air source heat pump). The technique of the indirect mode of heating aims at maximizing the efficiency of the SAC, saving electrical power consumed by the compressor of the heat pump, and therefore, at optimizing the coefficient of performance (COP) of the heat pump due to the increased intake of ambient thermal energy by means of the SAC. Results are given for three research objectives: assessment of the heat pump efficiency whether in direct or indirect heating mode; Assessment of the overall heating plant efficiency on a daily or hourly basis; Assessment of the credibility of the suggested simulation model TSAGAIR by comparing its results with the TRNSYS ones. (author)

  5. Unitary air-to-air heat pumps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christian, J.E.

    1977-07-01

    This technology evaluation covers commercially available unitary heat pumps ranging from nominal capacities of 1/sup 1///sub 2/ to 45 tons. The nominal COP of the heat pump models, selected as representative, vary from 2.4 to 2.9. Seasonal COPs for heat pump installations and single-family dwellings are reported to vary from 2.5 to 1.1, depending on climate. For cooling performance, the nominal EER's vary from 6.5 to 8.7. Representative part-load performance curves along with cost estimating and reliability data are provided to aid: (1) the systems design engineer to select suitably sized heat pumps based on life-cycle cost analyses, and (2) the computer programmer to develop a simulation code for heat pumps operating in an Integrated Community Energy System.

  6. 太阳能-空气复合热源热泵热水系统%Solar-air composite heat source heat pump hot water system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王岗; 全贞花; 赵耀华; 侯隆澍; 徐俊芳; 邓月超

    2014-01-01

    In the light of low efficiency of photovoltaic power generation and the problems of air source heat pump applied in cold regions, a composite heat exchanger evaporator is developed and a new type of solar-air composite heat source heat pump hot water system is designed in this study, which is comprised of independent solar photovoltaic-thermal collector based on flat plate micro heat pipe and air source heat pump. The performance of heat pump hot water system is evaluated experimentally under different operating conditions, including water temperature of the tank, heating time of hot water, suction and discharge pressure, consumption of compressor power and heat pump coefficient of performance (COP), etc. Experimental results show that at ambient temperature of 5℃, 10℃ and 15℃, with 73 L hot water heated by heat pump and water temperature in the tank ranged from 15℃ to 50℃, the running time of composite heat source operation is shorter than that of separate air heat source operation, decreased by 5.14%, 10.29% and 11.38%, respectively. COPs are increased by 5.99%, 9.28%and 11.96%, respectively.%针对光伏发电效率较低和空气源热泵在寒冷地区应用中存在的问题,研发了一种新型复合蒸发器,将平板微热管阵列太阳能光伏光热(PV/T)集热器与空气源热泵相结合,组成新型太阳能-空气复合热源热泵热水系统。并对该热水系统在不同运行工况下的水箱水温、吸排气压力、压缩机功率和性能等进行了实验研究。实验结果表明,在环境温度分别为5、10和15℃的条件下,热泵加热73 L水,水温从15℃加热到50℃时,双热源运行工况的加热时间比单空气热源运行工况依次缩短了5.14%、10.29%和11.38%,COP依次提高了5.99%、9.28%和11.96%。

  7. Ground as a possible heat pump source

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lazzarin, R. [Padova Univ. (Germany). Dipt. di Tecnica e Gestione die Istemi Industriali

    2001-06-01

    Heat pumps are devices that can increase the thermal level of heat taken from an available source. Their performances are usually very sensible to the temperatures. This is the reason why sources different from the outside air are welcome, since that source is thermally unfavourable. The ground is a possible very favourable source: temperature variations are damped in the ground so much the more deeper one descends. The variations are also delayed, so that in the coldest period one can find equality very good thermal levels. The two main used systems are: horizontal tubes at a depth between 0.8 and 1.5m and vertical tubes. This last technology has gained an increasing popularity with depths which are sometimes deeper than 100m. It interests a large volume of ground with a comparatively small surface area. It is a technology already widespread in Switzerland (where more than 15.000 ground heat pumps were installed in these years), Germany and Austria. It could be a very favourable technology also in Italy and other mediterranean countries both for the presence of good thermal levels underground with excellent characteristics of heat exchange and for the possible use of the ground as a suitable summer thermal sink. (orig.)

  8. Energy Efficiency Modelling of Residential Air Source Heat Pump Water Heater

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cong Toan Tran

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The heat pump water heater is one of the most energy efficient technologies for heating water for household use. The present work proposes a simplified model of coefficient of performance and examines its predictive capability. The model is based on polynomial functions where the variables are temperatures and the coefficients are derived from the Australian standard test data, using regression technics. The model enables to estimate the coefficient of performance of the same heat pump water heater under other test standards (i.e. US, Japanese, European and Korean standards. The resulting estimations over a heat-up phase and a full test cycle including a draw off pattern are in close agreement with the measured data. Thus the model allows manufacturers to avoid the need to carry out physical tests for some standards and to reduce product cost. The limitations of the methodology proposed are also discussed.

  9. Ground Source Heat Pump in Heating System with Electronics Monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NEAMŢU Ovidiu

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The monitoring system is implemented for a ground coupled heat pump in heating/ system. The borehole heat exchangers – which are 150 m long - are filled with a mixture of water and ethilene glycol calledbrine. Metering and monitoring energy consumption is achieved for: heat pump, circulation pumps, additional electrical heating, hot air ventilation systems, control systems with sensors: analog and smart sensors. Instantaneous values are stored in a local computer.

  10. Experimental study on energy performance of clean air heat pump

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fang, Lei; Nie, Jinzhe; Olesen, Bjarne W.

    2014-01-01

    An innovative clean air heat pump (CAHP) was designed and developed based on the air purification capacity of regenerative silica gel rotor. The clean air heat pump integrated air purification, dehumidification and cooling in one unit. A prototype of the clean air heat pump was developed...

  11. Design Optimization and the Limits of Steady-State Heating Efficiency for Conventional Single-Speed Air-Source Heat Pumps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rice, C.K.

    2001-06-06

    The ORNL Heat Pump Model and an optimizing program were used to explore the limits of steady-state heating efficiency for conventional air-source heat pumps. The method used allows for the simultaneous optimization of ten selected design variables, taking proper account of their interactions, while constraining other parameters to chosen limits or fixed values. Designs were optimized for a fixed heating capacity, but the results may be scaled to other capacities. Substantial performance improvement is predicted compared to today's state of the art heat pump. With increased component efficiencies that are expected in the near future and with modest increases in heat exchanger area, a 28% increase in heating efficiency is predicted; for long-term improvements with considerably larger heat exchangers, a 56% increase is possible. The improved efficiencies are accompanied by substantial reductions in the requirements for compressor and motor size. The predicted performance improvements are attributed not only to improved components and larger heat exchangers but also to the use of an optimizing design procedure. Deviations from the optimized design may be necessary to make use of available component sizes and to maintain good cooling-mode performance while improving the heating efficiency. Sensitivity plots (i.e., COP as a function of one or more design parameters) were developed to explore design flexibilities and to evaluate their consequences. The performance of the optimized designs was compared to that of modified ideal cycles to assess the factors that limit further improvement. It is hoped that the design methods developed will be useful to designers in the heat pump industry.

  12. Air-to-water heat pumps for the home

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bodzin, S. [ed.

    1997-07-01

    Heat pump water heaters may be on the rise again. Retrofitters have shied away from this form of water heating due to concerns about cost, moise, efficiency, and maintaenance. Recent advances have overcome some of these problems and are helping the technology find a niche in both hot and cold climates. The topics covered in this article include the following: how heat pump water heaters work; air source from where to where, including air conditioning, heat recovery ventilation, hybrid systems; nuisances; maintenance; costs; to install or not to install; performance: a trick to quantify. 2 figs.

  13. Performance analysis of air——water dual source heat pump water heater with heat recovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN ZeShao; TAO WenQuan; ZHU YanWen; HU Peng

    2012-01-01

    A new air-water dual source heat pump water heater with heat recovery is proposed.The heat pump system can heat water by using a single air source,a single water source,or air-water dual sources.The water is first pre-heated by waste hot water,then heated by the heat pump.Waste heat is recovered by first preheating the cold water and as water source of the heat pump.According to the correlated formulas of the coefficient of performance of air-source heat pump and water-source heat pump,and the gain coefficient of heat recovery-preheater,the formulas for the coefficient of performance of heat pump in six operating modes are obtained by using the dimensionless correspondence analysis method.The system characteristics of heat absorption and release associated with the heat recovery-preheater are analyzed at different working conditions.The developed approaches can provide reference for the optimization of the operating modes and parameters.The results of analysis and experiments show that the coefficient of performance of the device can reach 4-5.5 in winter,twice as much as air source heat pump water heater.The utilization of waste heat in the proposed system is higher than that in the system which only uses waste water to preheating or as heat source.Thus,the effect of energy saving of the new system is obvious.On the other hand,the dimensionless correspondence analysis method is introduced to performance analysis of the heat pump,which also has theoretical significance and practical value.

  14. A ground water source heat pump for the air-conditioning of a supermarket; Une PAC sur nappe phreatique pour climatiser un hypermarche

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2002-04-01

    A thermodynamical solution involving a ground water source heat pump and 19 roof top air-conditioners has been retained for the air-conditioning of a 41000 m{sup 2} supermarket of Colmar (Alsace, France). The supermarket is also equipped with a computer-monitored refrigeration system for the food products and a centralized technical management for the optimization of the installation operation. (J.S.)

  15. Performance analysis on solar-water compound source heat pump for radiant floor heating system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲世林; 马飞; 仇安兵

    2009-01-01

    A solar-water compound source heat pump for radiant floor heating (SWHP-RFH) experimental system was introduced and analyzed. The SWHP-RFH system mainly consists of 11.44 m2 vacuum tube solar collector,1 000 L water tank assisted 3 kW electrical heater,a water source heat pump,the radiant floor heating system with cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) of diameter 20 mm,temperature controller and solar testing system. The SWHP-RFH system was tested from December to February during the heating season in Beijing,China under different operation situations. The test parameters include the outdoor air temperature,solar radiation intensity,indoor air temperature,radiation floor average surface temperature,average surface temperature of the building envelope,the inlet and outlet temperatures of solar collector,the temperature of water tank,the heat medium temperatures of heat pump condenser side and evaporator side,and the power consumption includes the water source heat pump system,the solar source heat pump system,the auxiliary heater and the radiant floor heating systems etc. The experimental results were used to calculate the collector efficiency,heat pump dynamic coefficient of performance (COP),total energy consumption and seasonal heating performance during the heating season. The results indicate that the performance of the compound source heat pump system is better than that of the air source heat pump system. Furthermore,some methods are suggested to improve the thermal performance of each component and the whole SWHP-RFH system.

  16. Efficient air-water heat pumps for high temperature lift residential heating, including oil migration aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Zehnder, Michele; Favrat, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    This thesis presents a system approach with the aim to develop improved concepts for small capacity, high temperature lift air-water heat pumps. These are intended to replace fuel fired heating systems in the residential sector, which leads to a major reduction of the local greenhouse gas emissions. Unfavorable temperature conditions set by the existing heat distribution systems and by the use of atmospheric air, as the only accessible heat source, have to be overcome. The proposed concepts a...

  17. Performance analysis of a soil-based thermal energy storage system using solar-driven air-source heat pump for Danish buildings sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jradi, M.; Veje, C.; Jørgensen, B. N.

    2017-01-01

    source. Employing a PV system of 30 kW capacity, it was found that a storage medium of 900 m3 of soil is capable of providing the heating needs for a housing project of 1000 m2 internal floor area. The year round transient behaviour of the thermal energy storage medium is reported in addition to the heat...... and evaluation of the performance of an underground soil-based thermal energy storage system for solar energy storage, coupled with a combined heat and power generation system. A combined PV-Air Source Heat Pump (ASHP) system is utilized to fulfil heating and electricity needs of a housing project in Odense.......2% for the combined PV-ASHP system employing a seasonal underground thermal energy storage block....

  18. Air-source heat pump coupled with economized vapor injection scroll compressor and ejector:Design and experimental research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Ejector can utilize high pressure energy from liquid mechanism,it can be used in heat pump system coupled with economized vapor injection(EVI)scroll compressor.When running under low temperature conditions,the performance of the EVI system with ejector can be improved further.In this paper,the design method of the heat pump system with ejector is presented,and the process for designing the heat pump with ejector(EVIe)was summarized.One prototype heat pump was designed under the condition of the evaporation temperature of -20oC,and an experimental setup was established to test the prototype.The measured results demonstrated that the heating EER(energy efficiency ratio)of the EVIe could reach about 4%higher than that of the system without the ejector when the heating capacity remained nearly constant.The design method is helpful to development of a heat pump system coupled with scroll compressor and ejector.

  19. Energy performance and consumption for biogas heat pump air conditioner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Zhenjun [Architectural Engineering College, Qingdao Agricultural University, 266109 (China); Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101 (China); Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072 (China); Wu, Huaizhi; Wu, Meiling [Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101 (China); Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072 (China)

    2010-12-15

    Biogas engine-driven heat pump air conditioner is a new-style system which includes biogas engine-driven heat pump, primary heat exchanger, second heat exchanger, sprayed room and fans, pumps, etc. In summertime, the air can be reheated by the waste heat water from the biogas engine in the system, while the air can be reheated and humidified by the waste heat water in winter. Reducing or displacing electrical heating requirements can achieve the great opportunity for significant energy savings. This paper, therefore, aims to improve the energy performance of the AC system by using the waste heat from the biogas engine. The mathematic model was used to research the BHPAC. Explicitly, we investigated the influence of various factors including the outdoor air temperature and humidity in summer and winter. Results show that the biogas engine-driven heat pump air conditioner can save more energy than the electrical power heat pump. In summer, the minimum for percentage of primary energy saving for BHPAC is over 25%. With the outdoor air dry-bulb temperature and the relative humidity rises, the saving energy percentage rises. In winter, the minimum for percentage of primary energy saving for BHPAC is 37%. The more the outdoor air relative humidity of the outdoor air decreases, the more the BHPAC saves energy. It is proved that the system which is a highly actively fully utilizing energy technology has good partial load characteristic and good effects of energy saving. (author)

  20. Optimal Ground Source Heat Pump System Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ozbek, Metin [ENVIRON; Yavuzturk, Cy [University of Hartford; Pinder, George [University of Vermont

    2015-04-15

    Despite the facts that GSHPs first gained popularity as early as the 1940’s and they can achieve 30 to 60 percent in energy savings and carbon emission reductions relative to conventional HVAC systems, the use of geothermal energy in the U.S. has been less than 1 percent of the total energy consumption. The key barriers preventing this technically-mature technology from reaching its full commercial potential have been its high installation cost and limited consumer knowledge and trust in GSHP systems to deliver the technology in a cost-effective manner in the market place. Led by ENVIRON, with support from University Hartford and University of Vermont, the team developed and tested a software-based a decision making tool (‘OptGSHP’) for the least-cost design of ground-source heat pump (‘GSHP’) systems. OptGSHP combines state of the art optimization algorithms with GSHP-specific HVAC and groundwater flow and heat transport simulation. The particular strength of OptGSHP is in integrating heat transport due to groundwater flow into the design, which most of the GSHP designs do not get credit for and therefore are overdesigned.

  1. Optimal Ground Source Heat Pump System Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ozbek, Metin [Environ Holdings Inc., Princeton, NJ (United States); Yavuzturk, Cy [Univ. of Hartford, West Hartford, CT (United States); Pinder, George [Univ. of Vermont, Burlington, VT (United States)

    2015-04-01

    Despite the facts that GSHPs first gained popularity as early as the 1940’s and they can achieve 30 to 60 percent in energy savings and carbon emission reductions relative to conventional HVAC systems, the use of geothermal energy in the U.S. has been less than 1 percent of the total energy consumption. The key barriers preventing this technically-mature technology from reaching its full commercial potential have been its high installation cost and limited consumer knowledge and trust in GSHP systems to deliver the technology in a cost-effective manner in the market place. Led by ENVIRON, with support from University Hartford and University of Vermont, the team developed and tested a software-based a decision making tool (‘OptGSHP’) for the least-cost design of ground-source heat pump (‘GSHP’) systems. OptGSHP combines state of the art optimization algorithms with GSHP-specific HVAC and groundwater flow and heat transport simulation. The particular strength of OptGSHP is in integrating heat transport due to groundwater flow into the design, which most of the GSHP designs do not get credit for and therefore are overdesigned.

  2. Applicability of sewage heat pump air-conditioning system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈金华; 刘猛; 刘勇; 靳鸣; 陈洁

    2009-01-01

    A sewage heat pump system and its application based on a project in Chongqing,China,were discussed. Based on the sewage conditions,a feasibility analysis of the sewage heat pump air conditioning system was conducted. The theoretical and quantitative calculations indicate that sewage flux in the city sewage main pipe in the project can satisfy heat exchange requirements,and taking water from the pipes has relatively small influence on the pipe net in summer and winter. The sewage heat pump air-conditioning system can save 21.5% operating cost in one year,which is energy efficient and environmentally friendly.

  3. Research on ground heat exchanger of Ground Source Heat Pump technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Dong-sheng; SUN You-hong; GAO Ke; WU Xiao-hang

    2004-01-01

    Ground Source Heat Pump technique and its operating principle are described in this paper. Ground heat exchanger is the key technique of ground source heat pump and its pattems are discussed. Software is helpful to design ground heat exchanger. A project of Chinese Ground Source Heat Pump is introduced and its market is more and more extensive.

  4. Improving Air-Conditioner and Heat Pump Modeling (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winkler, J.

    2012-03-01

    A new approach to modeling residential air conditioners and heat pumps allows users to model systems by specifying only the more readily-available SEER/EER/HSPF-type metrics. Manufacturer data was used to generate full sets of model inputs for over 450 heat pumps and air conditioners. A sensitivity analysis identified which inputs can be safely defaulted 'behind-the-scenes' without negatively impacting the reliability of energy simulations.

  5. Improving Air-Conditioner and Heat Pump Modeling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winkler, Jon [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2012-03-02

    This presentation describes a new approach to modeling residential air conditioners and heat pumps, which allows users to model systems by specifying only the more readily-available SEER/EER/HSPF-type metrics. Manufacturer data was used to generate full sets of model inputs for over 450 heat pumps and air conditioners. A sensitivity analysis identified which inputs can be safely defaulted “behind-the-scenes” without negatively impacting the reliability of energy simulations.

  6. Heating performance of a ground source heat pump system installed in a school building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jaedo; SONG; Kwangho; LEE; Youngman; JEONG; Seongir; CHEONG; Jaekeun; LEE; Yujin; HWANG; Yeongho; LEE; Donghyuk; LEE

    2010-01-01

    The heating performance of a water-to-refrigerant type ground source heat pump system is represented in this paper under the actual working conditions of the GSHP(ground source heat pump) system during the winter season of 2008.Ten heat pump equipments with the capacity of 10 HP each and a closed vertical typed-ground heat exchanger with 24 boreholes of 175 m in depth were constructed.We investigated a variety of working conditions,including the outdoor temperature,the ground temperature,and the water temperature of inlet and outlet of the ground heat exchanger in order to examine the heating performance of the GSHP system.Subsequently,the heating capacity and the input power were investigated to determine the heating performance of the GSHP system.The average heating coefficient of performance(COP) of the heat pump was noted to be 5.1 at partial load of 47%,while the overall system COP was found to be 4.2.Also,performance of the GSHP system was compared with that of air source heat pump.

  7. A novel design method for ground source heat pump

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Xing-Jie

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a novel design method for ground source heat pump. The ground source heat pump operation is controllable by using several parameters, such as the total meters of buried pipe, the space between wells, the thermal properties of soil, thermal resistance of the well, the initial temperature of soil, and annual dynamic load. By studying the effect of well number and well space, we conclude that with the increase of the well number, the inlet and outlet water temperatures decrease in summer and increase in winter, which enhance the efficiency of ground source heat pump. The well space slightly affects the water temperatures, but it affects the soil temperature to some extent. Also the ground source heat pump operations matching with cooling tower are investigated to achieve the thermal balance. This method greatly facilitates ground source heat pump design.

  8. Heat pumps

    CERN Document Server

    Brodowicz, Kazimierz; Wyszynski, M L; Wyszynski

    2013-01-01

    Heat pumps and related technology are in widespread use in industrial processes and installations. This book presents a unified, comprehensive and systematic treatment of the design and operation of both compression and sorption heat pumps. Heat pump thermodynamics, the choice of working fluid and the characteristics of low temperature heat sources and their application to heat pumps are covered in detail.Economic aspects are discussed and the extensive use of the exergy concept in evaluating performance of heat pumps is a unique feature of the book. The thermodynamic and chemical properties o

  9. Analysis of using air-source heat pump water chiller-heater units in the cold regions%空气源热泵冷热水机组在寒冷地区应用的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马最良; 杨自强; 姚杨; 喻银平

    2001-01-01

    针对空气源热泵冷热水机组在寒冷地区冬季使用时结霜、热效率低等问题,提出一种双级热泵系统,即由空气源热泵冷热水机组提供10~20 ℃温水,作为水源热泵的低位热源,组成水源热泵供热系统。分析了这种系统的技术经济性,认为该系统是可行的,具有节能和环保意义。%imed at solving frosting and low heating efficiency of heat pumps in cold regions, puts forward a twin heat pumps heating system that consists of an air source heat pump and a water source heat pump. The air source heat pump supplies 10-20 ℃ water as low grade heat source of the water source heat pump. Analyses the technical and economical features of the system. Considers that the system is practicable and has energy conservation and environment protection effects.

  10. Analysis of heat pumps installed in family housing at Hunter Army Air Field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, S.A.

    1994-08-01

    The US Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) tasked Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) to conduct a postconstruction evaluation of the air-source heat pumps installed in family housing at Hunter Army Air Field (AAF). The objective of this project was to investigate and resolve concerns about an increase in energy costs at Hunter AAF following the installation of heat pumps in November 1992. After completing several analyses and a field inspection of the heat pumps in family housing at Hunter AAF, the following conclusions were made: the installation of air-source heat pumps reduced the annual energy cost in family housing by $46,672 in 1993; the heat pump thermostat controls in Hunter AAF family housing appear to be incorrectly installed; and the Hunter AAF electric utility bill increased 10% during the first 6 months of 1993 compared to the first 6 months of 1992.

  11. Development of Air Source Heat Pump Water Heater Performance Test Rig%空气源热泵热水器性能测试系统实验台的研制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘笑笑; 丁强

    2015-01-01

    为了满足空气源热泵热水器性能测试的需要,基于对空气源热泵热水器原理、工作特点、热工测试技术、工业控制技术、上位机编写技术等基础,严格参照空气源热泵热水器的相关国家标准设计了一套空气源热泵热水器性能测试系统。该系统不仅能自动计算出被测空气源热泵热水器的性能参数,且具有良好的人机交互界面、可操作性强、性能可靠等优点。%In order to meet the needs of the air source heat pump water heater performance test,according to the work-ing principle of the air source heat pump water heater,working characteristics,thermal testing technology,industrial control technology,computer technology and other related technology,strictly according to the air source heat pump water heater national standards to design a set of water heater performance of air source heat pump test system,it can calculate the performance parameters of the tested air source heat pump water heater automatical y.

  12. Energy saving analysis of ground-source heat pump and air-source heat pump in Shanghai area%上海地区地埋管地源热泵和空气源热泵的节能性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静波; 吴建兵; 寿炜炜

    2011-01-01

    从热力学角度对地埋管地源热泵和空气源热泵的节能性进行对比分析,提出了在上海地区地埋管地源热泵相对于空气源热泵节能的设计条件:地埋管换热器出水温度夏季低于30℃,冬季高于10℃.%Compares the energy saving performance of ground-source heat pump and air-source heat pump from the aspect of thermodynamics. Brings forward some suggestions for the application of groundsource heat pump in Shanghai area that the temperature of water from the ground heat exchanger should be less than 30 ℃ in summer and higher than 10 ℃ in winter.

  13. Application and Design of Ground Source Heat Pump in Villa Air-conditioning System%地源热泵空调系统在某别墅中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红霞; 崔璐

    2012-01-01

    总结了别墅地源热泵系统的形式,以工程为例,详细介绍了地源热泵+风机盘管+地板采暖+全热交换新风系统的设计。%Summarize systems of ground source heat pump used in the villa. With an engineering example, show details of ground source heat pump contains fan coil floor heating and total heat exchange of the fresh air system design.

  14. Simulation of embedded heat exchangers of solar aided ground source heat pump system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 郑茂余; 邵俊鹏; 李忠建

    2008-01-01

    Aimed at unbalance of soil temperature field of ground source heat pump system, solar aided energy storage system was established. In solar assisted ground-source heat pump (SAGSHP) system with soil storage, solar energy collected in three seasons was stored in the soil by vertical U type soil exchangers. The heat abstracted by the ground-source heat pump and collected by the solar collector was employed to heating. Some of the soil heat exchangers were used to store solar energy in the soil so as to be used in next winter after this heating period; and the others were used to extract cooling energy directly in the soil by circulation pump for air conditioning in summer. After that solar energy began to be stored in the soil and ended before heating period. Three dimensional dynamic numerical simulations were built for soil and soil heat exchanger through finite element method. Simulation was done in different strata month by month. Variation and restoration of soil temperature were studied. Economy and reliability of long term SAGSHP system were revealed. It can be seen that soil temperature is about 3 ℃ higher than the original one after one year’s running. It is beneficial for the system to operate for long period.

  15. Dynamic Performance of a Residential Air-to-Air Heat Pump.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, George E.; Bean, John

    This publication is a study of the dynamic performance of a 5-ton air-to-air heat pump in a residence in Washington, D.C. The effect of part-load operation on the heat pump's cooling and heating coefficients of performance was determined. Discrepancies between measured performance and manufacturer-supplied performance data were found when the unit…

  16. Research Progress of Composite Ground Source Heat Pump Air Conditioning System%复合地源热泵系统的研究进展探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程晋洋; 朱彩霞; 李晓光

    2015-01-01

    The paper mainly introduces the advantages of ground source heat pump and its development trend, the classification and working principle of composite ground source heat pump depend on various forms of cold and heat source. The research status both at home and abroad in different times are expounded, analyzing the reason of heat imbalance and coefficient of performance reduction caused by long-term use of ground source heat pump system. A series of recommendations are proposed to improve the performance of ground source heat pump as the direction for the future research.%主要介绍地源热泵的优点及其发展趋势,以及不同冷热源形式的复合地源热泵的分类及其工作原理。探讨了不同时期复合地源热泵国内外的研究现状,分析了地源热泵长期使用系统热量失衡、COP 减小的原因,并提出一些改善地源热泵性能的建议,为其今后的研究提供方向。

  17. 太阳能-空气源热泵热水系统节能分析%SOLAR-AIR SOURCE HEAT PUMP HOT WATER SYSTEM ENERGY EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冠竹; 刘学来

    2011-01-01

    介绍了太阳能生活热水系统,以山东省为例,对太阳能热水器配备空气源热泵的热水系统进行了节能效益分析.结果表明,配备空气源热泵的太阳能热水系统回收期为4.21年,对我国走低碳经济之路有重要的参考价值.%This article describes the solar hot water system. It conducts the energy-saving benefit a-nalysis of solar energy -air source heat pump hot water system. The results show that the payback period of this system is 4.21 years. It has important reference value for going low-carbon economy road in China.

  18. On application of heating ventilation air-conditioner energy-saving issue and ground source heat pump%谈暖通空调节能问题与地源热泵的实际应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄长晖

    2012-01-01

    针对暖通空调:市能问题进行了研究,结合实际案例介绍了地源热泵在工程项目中的应用,通过与以城市供热为热源的室内散热器取暖方案进行对比分析,得出地源热泵系统能够有效解决空调系统节能问题,值得推广。%The paper researches the energy-saving issue of heating air-conditioner, introduces the application of the ground source heat pump in the engineering program by combining with the factual cases, undertakes the comparative analysis of the heating scheme for the indoor radiator which regards the urban heating supply as the source, and concludes the ground source heat pump system can solve the energy-saving issue of the air-conditioner system, so it can be further applied.

  19. HVAC system design of liquid desiccant fresh air unit combined with ground-source heat pump%溶液调湿新风机组与地源热泵相结合的空调设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟程; 滕汜颖

    2013-01-01

    以上海虹桥产业楼空调系统为例,介绍了溶液调湿新风机组与地源热泵系统的设计,重点介绍了干式末端设备、冷热源主机、地埋管系统、空调水系统及自控系统设计的要点.根据实际运行调试情况,对冷热源水系统、干式风机盘管、高温型地源热泵机组、免费冷热源板式换热器、地源热泵与冷水机组的运行策略及生活热水应用进行了经验总结.%Taking the Shanghai Hongqiao Industrial Building air conditioning system as example, presents the liquid desiccant fresh air unit and ground-source heat pump design. Highlights the design points of the dry terminal device, cold and heat source unit, ground buried pipe system, air conditioning water system and automatic control system. According to the actual operation and commissioning, summarizes experiences of designing the cold and heat sources water system, dry fan-coil unit, high temperature ground-source heat pump, free cold and heat sources plate heat exchanger, water chiller and ground-source heat pump operation strategy and domestic hot water supply.

  20. Influence of outdoor temperature fluctuation on air-source heat pump radiant floor heating%室外温度波动对空气源热泵辐射地板供暖的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李元哲

    2014-01-01

    根据3组实测数据分析了空气源热泵用于寒冷地区(ⅡB)时的热特性。针对典型的辐射供暖地板,用数值计算方法对某示范工程的空气源热泵辐射地板供暖进行了传热过程计算,发现室温计算值和实测值吻合较好,说明由于地板有较大的热容量,采用这种系统室温稳定性可以得到保障。%According to three group testing data,analyses thermal characteristics of the air-source heat pump applied to cold zone (ⅡB).Based on the typical radiant heating floor,calculates the heat transfer performance of the air-source heat pump radiant floor heating for a demonstration project using numerical calculation method,and the calculation values are coincident with the testing data,which indicates that the stability of indoor temperature can be guaranteed because of the large thermal capacity of the floor.

  1. 土壤源热泵空调系统的性能模拟分析%Performance Simulation and Analysis of Ground-Source Heat Pump Air-Conditioning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    琚伟

    2011-01-01

    以上海某小型办公楼为例,用DEST模拟出了该建筑全年累计冷热负荷和逐时冷热负荷的需求,采用集中参数的方法建立能耗模拟模型,分别模拟出空气源热泵和土壤源热泵空调系统的能效.反映出一定条件下热泵空调系统能效随系统负荷变化等条件改变的变化趋势,得出土壤源热泵空调系统较空气源热泵系统具有系统性能系数(COP)高、运行稳定、受外部气候条件干扰小的结论.%The demand for annual total cooling and heating loads, as well as the hourly cooling and heating loads was simulated for an office building in Shanghai by DEST.The method of energy consumption simulation model was established by lumped parameter.The model was simulated air-source heat pump and ground-source heat pump system energy efficiency.The results reflected that the trends in energy efficiency of the heat pump system changes with the system-load conditions under certain conditions.The results showed that ground-source heat pump air-conditioning system has the advantages of higher COP value, more stable heating and less interference by external climate than air-source heat pump air-conditioning system.

  2. 16 CFR 305.12 - Labeling for central air conditioners, heat pumps, and furnaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... pumps, and furnaces. (a) Layout. All energy labels for central air conditioners, heat pumps, and... air conditioners and heat pumps. (1) Headlines and texts, as illustrated in the prototype and sample.... (ii) Each heat pump label, except as noted in paragraph (g)(4)(iii) of this section, shall contain...

  3. Modeling of an Air Conditioning System with Geothermal Heat Pump for a Residential Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Cocchi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The need to address climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions attaches great importance to research aimed at using renewable energy. Geothermal energy is an interesting alternative concerning the production of energy for air conditioning of buildings (heating and cooling, through the use of geothermal heat pumps. In this work a model has been developed in order to simulate an air conditioning system with geothermal heat pump. A ground source heat pump (GSHP uses the shallow ground as a source of heat, thus taking advantage of its seasonally moderate temperatures. GSHP must be coupled with geothermal exchangers. The model leads to design optimization of geothermal heat exchangers and to verify the operation of the geothermal plant.

  4. 多功能太阳能辅助空气源热泵系统研究%Multifunctional Solar Assisted Air Source Heat Pump System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洪

    2013-01-01

      研究设计了一种多功能太阳能辅助空气源热泵系统,可实现一机多用,根据用户的不同需求,可在多种模式下运行.该系统将太阳能热利用技术与热泵技术相结合,克服了太阳能的不稳定性,同时有望提高太阳能热利用效率及系统综合运行性能.通过对该系统在某宾馆建筑中的应用研究发现:该系统全年月平均太阳能利用系数可达61.8%,综合运行性能比传统空调及热水供应系统有所提高,尤其在制冷季;与传统组合系统相比,系统运行能耗明显降低,全年平均节能接近50%.%A novel multifunctional solar assisted air source heat pump system is presented. The studied system can work in different op-erating modes depending on different requirement of customers. The combination of solar thermal application with heat pump technology has great potential in improving the comprehensive operating performance. A case study employing the system in a hotel is analyzed. The investi-gation results show that the solar fraction of the system can averagely reach 61.8%. Compared with conventional system, the comprehensive performance is obviously promoted, especially in cooling season. Energy consumption of the studied system is also significantly reduced and nearly 50%can be saved.

  5. 77 FR 8178 - Test Procedures for Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps: Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 Test Procedures for Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps: Public... discuss methodologies and gather comments on testing residential central air conditioners and heat pumps... residential central air conditioners and heat pumps that are single phase with rated cooling capacities...

  6. Refrigerant Control Strategies for Residential Air-Conditioning and Heat-Pump System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU Shun-yu; ZHANG Chun-zhi; CHEN Jian

    2009-01-01

    This paper simulated the optimal refrigerant charge inventory of a refrigeration system in air-con-ditioning operation and heat-pump operation respectively,and studied the refrigerant control strategies in this system.The void fraction in two-phase fluid region was calculated by Harms model.And based on distributed parameter model and Harms model,the refrigerant charge inventory in condenser and evaporator were calculated and analyzed in air-conditioning conditions and heat-pump conditions,respectively.The calculating results of dif-ferent refrigerant mass between refrigeration and heating conditions indicate that the optimal refrigerant charge inventory in heat-pump conditions is lower than that in air-eonditioning conditions.To avoid the decrease of COP due to the surplus refrigerant in heating conditions,we introduced the liquid reservoir control method and associate capillary control method.Both of them could increase the heating capacity of the air-source heat pump-The difference of optimal refrigerant charge inventory in air-conditioning and heat-pump system can be controlled by the liquid reservoir or the associate capillary.

  7. A Comparative Cycle and Refrigerant Simulation Procedure Applied on Air-Water Heat Pumps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mader, Gunda; Palm, Björn; Elmegaard, Brian

    2012-01-01

    A vapor compression heat pump absorbs heat from the environment at a low temperature level and rejects heat at a high temperature level. The bigger the difference between the two temperature levels the more challenging is it to gain high energy efficiency with a basic cycle layout as found in most...... small capacity heat pump applications today. Many of the applicable refrigerants also reach their technical limits regarding low vapor pressure for very low source temperatures and high discharge temperatures for high sink temperatures. These issues are especially manifest for air-water heat pumps. Many...... alternative cycle setups and refrigerants are known to improve the energy efficiency of a vapor compression cycle and reduce discharge temperatures. However not all of them are feasible for small capacity heat pumps from a cost and complexity point of view. This paper presents a novel numerical approach...

  8. The Comparison Analysis of Energy Saving Performance of Ground-source Heat Pump and Air Cooled Heat Pump%土壤源热泵与风冷热泵节能性能比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; 苏令宇

    2013-01-01

    本课题通过一定的实验方案和实验平台,以及数据采集和比较,较全面地反映了土壤源热泵系统和风冷热泵系统在基本相同的外界条件下,采用土壤源热泵的节能优势。%This topic through a certain experiment schemes and experiment platform, and the data collection and comparison, reflects the energy saving advantage of ground-source heat pump in basically the same external conditions.

  9. Technology Solutions Case Study: Ground Source Heat Pump Research, TaC Studios Residence, Atlanta, Georigia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-09-01

    This case study describes the construction of a new test home that demonstrates current best practices for the mixed-humid climate, including a high performance ground source heat pump for heating and cooling, a building envelope featuring advanced air sealing details and low-density spray foam insulation, and glazing that exceeds ENERGY STAR requirements.

  10. The Application Research of the Solar Energy Combines with Air Source Heat Pump System%太阳能结合空气源热泵系统应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文周

    2014-01-01

    太阳能结合空气源热泵系统作为生活热水、低温采暖热源、空调冷源,通过系统智能化优化控制及精准控温运行模式,完全采集太阳能、空气能免费能源,实现了工程上的节能、经济运行。%Solar energy combines with air source heat pump system as domestic hot water, low temperature heat sources for heating, and air conditioning cold source, which achieve the project on energy saving and economic operation through the intel igent optimization control system and precise temperature control operation mode with the completely col ection of solar energy and free air source energy.

  11. A New Type of Complex System of Solar Energy Air Source Heat Pump Water Heater%一种新型的太阳能——空气源复合热泵热水器系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军军

    2011-01-01

    基于太阳能热利用技术、空气源热泵热水器理论,介绍了一种将太阳能与空气源相结合的双热源热泵热水器系统。该系统可充分利用太阳能加热生活用热水,辅以空气源热泵来满足太阳辐射照度不足时的用热水需求,同时用太阳能辅助加热来解决低温环境下空气源热泵运行工况恶劣的问题。系统充分利用了低品位的太阳能,保证稳定性,又可提高夏季阴雨天气、过渡季节及冬季太阳能热水器的热水温度,对于节约能源和环境保护具有重要意义。%Based on the technology of solar thermal and the theory of air-source heat pump water heater, a combined water heater system about solar and air source heat pump was introduced. The system Could make full use of solar energy to heat domestic hot water, combined with air-source heat pump to meet the shortage of solar irradiance when the hot water demand, and the auxiliary heating with solar energy to solve the problems of air source heat pump operating conditions in low temperature. The system took full use of the low-grade solar energy, and stability could be assured. And it could improve the temperature of the water in solar water heaters in rainy summers, transition seasons and winters. The system had significance for energy conservation and environmental protection.

  12. Parametric study of fluid flow and heat transfer over louvered fins of air heat pump evaporator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muszyński, Tomasz; Kozieł, Sławomir Marcin

    2016-09-01

    Two-dimensional numerical investigations of the fluid flow and heat transfer have been carried out for the laminar flow of the louvered fin-plate heat exchanger, designed to work as an air-source heat pump evaporator. The transferred heat and the pressure drop predicted by simulation have been compared with the corresponding experimental data taken from the literature. Two dimensional analyses of the louvered fins with varying geometry have been conducted. Simulations have been performed for different geometries with varying louver pitch, louver angle and different louver blade number. Constant inlet air temperature and varying velocity ranging from 2 to 8 m/s was assumed in the numerical experiments. The air-side performance is evaluated by calculating the temperature and the pressure drop ratio. Efficiency curves are obtained that can be used to select optimum louver geometry for the selected inlet parameters. A total of 363 different cases of various fin geometry for 7 different air velocities were investigated. The maximum heat transfer improvement interpreted in terms of the maximum efficiency has been obtained for the louver angle of 16 ° and the louver pitch of 1.35 mm. The presented results indicate that varying louver geometry might be a convenient way of enhancing performance of heat exchangers.

  13. 10 CFR 431.92 - Definitions concerning commercial air conditioners and heat pumps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... heat pumps. 431.92 Section 431.92 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Commercial Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps § 431.92 Definitions concerning commercial air conditioners and heat pumps. The following definitions...

  14. 空气源热泵辅助型太阳能热水系统标准的探讨%Research on Specifications of Air Source Heat Pump Assisted Domestic Solar Water Heating Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐言生; 何钦波; 陈学锋; 李锡宇

    2013-01-01

    The Specifications of Air Source Heat Pump Assisted Domestic Solar Water Heating Systems have stipulated a certain range of variations on the mean environment temperature and the amount of solar radiation in the coefficient of performance (COP) testing of whole unit. In order to research the influence of the variations on COP, the performance testing was divided into two phases. The test of solar water heating system was performed outdoors. The test of air source heat pump heating was performed in an environmental test chamber whose temperature could be adjusted. The experimental results show that the variations in the mean environment temperature and the amount of solar radiation had a great influence on the COP of air source heat pump assisted domestic solar water heating systems. The variation of the COP of the whole unit was minor with the influence of the mean environment temperature and the amount of solar radiation on the solar water heating system performance. But the maximum change of the COP of the whole unit could reach 40%with the influence of the mean environment temperature on the air source heat pump performance. Hence, the amending advice on the testing methods and conditions of the specifications were presented.%《家用空气源热泵辅助型太阳能热水系统技术条件》中对整机综合制热性能系数(COP)试验的平均环境温度和全天太阳能辐照量给出了一定变化范围,为研究这一变化对整机综合COP的影响,将整机的性能试验分两个阶段进行,其中太阳能热水系统加热段在户外进行,空气源热泵加热段在环境温度可控的环境试验室进行。试验表明在标准规定的变化范围内,平均环境温度的变化及全天辐照量的变化对空气源热泵辅助太阳能热水系统整机综合COP有较大影响,其中因平均环境温度的变化及全天辐照量的变化对太阳能热水系统性能影响而引起整机综合COP

  15. Optimal heat rejection pressure in transcritical carbon dioxide air conditioning and heat pump systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liao, Shengming; Jakobsen, Arne

    1998-01-01

    Due to the urgent need for environmentally benign refrigerants, the use of the natural substance carbon dioxide in refrigeration systems has gained more and more attention. In systems such as automobile air-conditioners and heat pumps, owing to the relatively high heat rejection temperatures...... dioxide air conditioning or heat pump systems and for intelligent controlling such systems......., the cycles using carbon dioxide as refrigerant will have to operate in the transcritical area. In a transcritical carbon dioxide system, there is an optimal heat rejection pressure that gives a maximum COP. In this paper, it is shown that the value of this optimal heat rejection pressure mainly depends...

  16. 空气能热泵热水机不锈钢内胆焊接工艺优化研究%Optimization of Stainless Steel Tank Welding Procedure in Air-source Heat Pump Water Heater

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘树清; 余文鹏

    2015-01-01

    The stainless steel tank in air-source heat pump water heater was an container which bear pressure and heat. It is the key component of the air-source heat pump water heater and suffered sever environment at working condition. Welding joint corrosion is the Achilles' heel of stainless tank service life at existing welding procedure. This condition restricted air-source heat pump water heater putting into use and popularize widely. Optimization of stainless steel tank welding procedure in air-source heat pump water heater has been applied several aspect and enhance the service life obviously.%空气能热泵热水器保温水箱的不锈钢内胆是一个承压承热的容器,是热水机产品的关键构件,其工作环境较为恶劣。在现有的焊接工艺条件下,不锈钢内胆的各个焊缝处的腐蚀失效是整个水箱寿命的短板,严重影响了空气能热泵热水机这种新型的节能减排产品的使用和发展。因此对空气能热泵热水机的焊接工艺作了几个方面的优化调整,使得不锈钢内胆的使用寿命得到了较大幅度的提高,取得了良好的效果。

  17. Ground Source Integrated Heat Pump (GS-IHP) Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baxter, V. D. [ORNL; Rice, K. [ORNL; Murphy, R. [ORNL; Munk, J. [ORNL; Ally, Moonis [ORNL; Shen, Bo [ORNL; Craddick, William [ORNL; Hearn, Shawn A. [ClimateMaster, Inc.

    2013-05-24

    Between October 2008 and May 2013 ORNL and ClimateMaster, Inc. (CM) engaged in a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to develop a groundsource integrated heat pump (GS-IHP) system for the US residential market. A initial prototype was designed and fabricated, lab-tested, and modeled in TRNSYS (SOLAR Energy Laboratory, et al, 2010) to predict annual performance relative to 1) a baseline suite of equipment meeting minimum efficiency standards in effect in 2006 (combination of air-source heat pump (ASHP) and resistance water heater) and 2) a state-of-the-art (SOA) two-capacity ground-source heat pump with desuperheater water heater (WH) option (GSHPwDS). Predicted total annual energy savings, while providing space conditioning and water heating for a 2600 ft{sup 2} (242 m{sup 2}) house at 5 U.S. locations, ranged from 52 to 59%, averaging 55%, relative to the minimum efficiency suite. Predicted energy use for water heating was reduced 68 to 78% relative to resistance WH. Predicted total annual savings for the GSHPwDS relative to the same baseline averaged 22.6% with water heating energy use reduced by 10 to 30% from desuperheater contributions. The 1st generation (or alpha) prototype design for the GS-IHP was finalized in 2010 and field test samples were fabricated for testing by CM and by ORNL. Two of the alpha units were installed in 3700 ft{sup 2} (345 m{sup 2}) houses at the ZEBRAlliance site in Oak Ridge and field tested during 2011. Based on the steady-state performance demonstrated by the GS-IHPs it was projected that it would achieve >52% energy savings relative to the minimum efficiency suite at this specific site. A number of operational issues with the alpha units were identified indicating design changes needed to the system before market introduction could be accomplished. These were communicated to CM throughout the field test period. Based on the alpha unit test results and the diagnostic information coming from the field test

  18. Numerical analysis of heat exchange processes for the ground source heat pump system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, H.; Muto, H.; Moritani, S.; Kohgo, Y.; Hamamoto, S.; Takemura, T.; Ohnishi, J.; Komatsu, T.

    2012-12-01

    Ground source heat pump systems (GSHP) use ground or groundwater as a heat source. They can achieve much higher coefficient of performance (COP) than conventional air source heat pump systems because the temperature of the ground is much more stable than that of the air. Heat energy in the ground is then viewed as one of the renewable energy sources. GSHP has been receiving great interests among countries in North America and Western Europe, as well as some developed countries in Asia because it can potentially reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission. While GSHP can inject heat from the buildings to the ground for cooling during the summer, it can pump heat stored in the ground for heating during the winter. As some physical, chemical, and biological properties of the ground and groundwater are temperature dependent, running GSHP can eventually affect groundwater quality. The main objective of this project was to develop a model that allows predicting not only ground and groundwater temperatures but also changes in physical, chemical, and biological properties of ground and groundwater with GSHP under operations. This particular study aims at simulating heat exchange and transfer processes in the ground for a vertical-loop closed GSHP system. In the closed GSHP system, an anti-freezing solution is circulated inside the closed-loop tube, called U-tube, that is buried in the ground. Heat is then transferred to the anti-freezing solution in the U-tube by a heat exchanger. In this study we used HYDRUS to predict temperature of the anti-freezing solution, as well as that of the ground. HYDRUS allows one to simulate variably-saturated water flow and solute and heat transport in porous media numerically in two- and three-dimensional domains with great flexibility in defining boundary conditions. At first changes in anti-freezing solution temperatures measured were predicted in response to Thermal Response Test (TRT) conducted at our study site. Then, heat

  19. Air-to-air heat pumps in real-life use

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten; Christensen, Toke Haunstrup; Petersen, Poul Erik

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with individual air-to-air heat pumps in Danish dwellings and summerhouses and the question of to what extent they actually deliver savings of energy consumption. Results show that 20% of the expected reduction of electricity consumption is converted into increased comfort...... in the homes, including extended heating areas, keeping a higher temperature and a longer heating season and using the heat pump for air conditioning. Data include electricity consumption in 185 households before and after installation of heat pumps together with survey results of 480 households. Furthermore...... heating practices. These results have to be taken into account when making long-term energy planning for a sustainable energy system....

  20. Analysis of air-to-water heat pump in cold climate: comparison between experiment and simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolis Januševičius

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Heat pump systems are promising technologies for current and future buildings and this research presents the performance of air source heat pump (ASHP system. The system was monitored, analysed and simulated using TRNSYS software. The experimental data were used to calibrate the simulation model of ASHP. The specific climate conditions are evaluated in the model. It was noticed for the heating mode that the coefficient of performance (COP varied from 1.98 to 3.05 as the outdoor temperature changed from –7.0 ºC to +5.0 ºC, respectively. TRNSYS simulations were also performed to predict seasonal performance factor of the ASHP for Vilnius city. It was identified that seasonal performance prediction could be approximately 15% lower if frost formation effects are not included to air-water heat pump simulation model.

  1. TEM Pump With External Heat Source And Sink

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesmith, Bill J.

    1991-01-01

    Proposed thermoelectric/electromagnetic (TEM) pump driven by external source of heat and by two or more heat pipe radiator heat sink(s). Thermoelectrics generate electrical current to circulate liquid metal in secondary loop of two-fluid-loop system. Intended for use with space and terrestrial dual loop liquid metal nuclear reactors. Applications include spacecraft on long missions or terrestrial beacons or scientific instruments having to operate in remote areas for long times. Design modified to include multiple radiators, converters, and ducts, as dictated by particular application.

  2. Heat pump technology

    CERN Document Server

    Von Cube, Hans Ludwig; Goodall, E G A

    2013-01-01

    Heat Pump Technology discusses the history, underlying concepts, usage, and advancements in the use of heat pumps. The book covers topics such as the applications and types of heat pumps; thermodynamic principles involved in heat pumps such as internal energy, enthalpy, and exergy; and natural heat sources and energy storage. Also discussed are topics such as the importance of the heat pump in the energy industry; heat pump designs and systems; the development of heat pumps over time; and examples of practical everyday uses of heat pumps. The text is recommended for those who would like to kno

  3. Ground Source Heat Pump Central Air Conditioning Systems Installed in Buildings%地源热泵中央空调系统在建筑中的应用与安装

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴尚瑜

    2014-01-01

    随着科学技术的不断发展,许多新型能源被研发出并投入使用,地源热泵就是其中的一种。地源热泵是利用浅层地热源研发而成的,并被应用到中央空调系统中。中央空调系统通过运用地源热泵,降低了成本,减少了污染,这在建筑业中起到了非常关键的作用。%With the continuous development of science and technology, many new sources of energy are developed and put into use;ground source heat pump is one of them. Ground source heat pump uses the shallow geothermal resources from R&D, and is applied to the central air conditioning system. Central air conditioning system through the use of ground source heat pump, reduce costs, reduce pollution, which has played a crucial role in the construction industry.

  4. 75 FR 14368 - Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps: Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ... and heat pumps; the analytical framework, models, and tools that DOE is using to evaluate amended... Heat Pumps, EERE-2008-BT- STD-0006, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20585-0121. Telephone... industrial equipment, including residential central air conditioners and heat pumps. (42 U.S.C. 6292(3))...

  5. Ground-source heat pump case studies and utility programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lienau, P.J.; Boyd, T.L.; Rogers, R.L.

    1995-04-01

    Ground-source heat pump systems are one of the promising new energy technologies that has shown rapid increase in usage over the past ten years in the United States. These systems offer substantial benefits to consumers and utilities in energy (kWh) and demand (kW) savings. The purpose of this study was to determine what existing monitored data was available mainly from electric utilities on heat pump performance, energy savings and demand reduction for residential, school and commercial building applications. In order to verify the performance, information was collected for 253 case studies from mainly utilities throughout the United States. The case studies were compiled into a database. The database was organized into general information, system information, ground system information, system performance, and additional information. Information was developed on the status of demand-side management of ground-source heat pump programs for about 60 electric utility and rural electric cooperatives on marketing, incentive programs, barriers to market penetration, number units installed in service area, and benefits.

  6. Heat pumps

    CERN Document Server

    Macmichael, DBA

    1988-01-01

    A fully revised and extended account of the design, manufacture and use of heat pumps in both industrial and domestic applications. Topics covered include a detailed description of the various heat pump cycles, the components of a heat pump system - drive, compressor, heat exchangers etc., and the more practical considerations to be taken into account in their selection.

  7. Application of Air Source Heat Pump plus Solar Energy in Domestic Hot Water Preparation System%空气源热泵+太阳能在热水制备系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李超; 卢强; 郭萌; 赵勇

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the commonly used heating modes and gives a detailed introduction of both air source heat pump technology and solar heating technology. Combined with the actual project, the steam heating system of hot water is changed into air source heat pump plus solar heating. By analyzing the actual enetgy consumption data, we obtain the energy -saving value, thus achieve the goal of energy efficiency.%通过对常用供热方式的分析,并对空气源热泵技术、太阳能制热技术原理的介绍,结合工程实际情况,将原蒸汽加热制热水方式改造为空气源热泵+太阳能制热。通过对实际能耗数据的经济分析,得出改造后的节能价值,达到了节约能源的目的。

  8. Water source heat pumps for greenhouse soil cooling. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spieser, H.

    1987-06-01

    In an attempt to diversify and grow flowers which are in high demand, growers are looking to produce certain exotic flowers which require unique growing conditions. One example is the Alstroemerias also knwon as the Peruvian Lily. If the plants are grown continuously at about 12-15/sup 0/C soil temperature, the plant will continue to flower regardless of air temperature and photoriod. These latter two factors are considered secondary to the importance of cool soil temperatures. Alstroemeria production is still relatively new to the greenhouse industry. Some controversy still exists as to the direct benefits of planned soil cooling. This project was set up to evaluate a mechanical soil cooling system for continuous year round Alstroemeria production. A heat pump soil cooling system was installed in two greenhouses each with dimensions of 16 m by 61 m. Combined these greenhouses have a growing area of 1952 m/sup 2/. These greenhouses are older wooden greenhouses, covered by double poly, air-inflated glazing. This system worked very well, maintaining the soil temperature at the proper levels throughout the spring and summer months. During the rest of the year the soil cooling system is used less intensely. During winter months when soil cooling is not required, the heat pumps provide base load heating to the greenhouse through fan forced unit heaters.

  9. North Village Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Redderson, Jeff

    2015-08-03

    This project demonstrated the feasibility of converting from a traditional direct exchange system to a ground source heat pump system on a large scale, multiple building apartment complex on a university campus. A total of ten apartment buildings were converted using vertical well fields and a ground source loop that connected the 24 apartments in each building into a common system. The system has yielded significant operational savings in both energy and maintenance and transformed the living environments of these residential buildings for our students.

  10. Analysis of a Residential Heating System Utilizing a Solar Assisted Water-to-Air Heat Pump.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-07-01

    heat pump heating system were analyzed. A realistic residence and solar assisted water-to-air heat pump system were modeled for this northern climate using the transient simulation computer code TRNSYS developed by the University of Wisconsin. The system was studied over a one month winter period, December, using actual hourly weather data. The system was analyzed for both the cloudiest and clearest December weather recorded in the last 30 years. The collector area and storage tank capacity were varied and the effects on system performance were

  11. Geothermal source heat pump performance for a greenhouse heating system: an experimental study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandros Sotirios Anifantis

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Greenhouses play a significant function in the modern agriculture economy even if require great amount of energy for heating systems. An interesting solution to alleviate the energy costs and environmental problems may be represented by the use of geothermal energy. The aim of this paper, based on measured experimental data, such as the inside greenhouse temperature and the heat pump performance (input and output temperatures of the working fluid, electric consumption, was the evaluation of the suitability of low enthalpy geothermal heat sources for agricultural needs such as greenhouses heating. The study was carried out at the experimental farm of the University of Bari, where a greenhouse was arranged with a heating system connected to a ground-source heat pump (GSHP, which had to cover the thermal energy request. The experimental results of this survey highlight the capability of the geothermal heat source to ensue thermal conditions suitable for cultivation in greenhouses even if the compressor inside the heat pump have operated continuously in a fluctuating state without ever reaching the steady condition. Probably, to increase the performance of the heat pump and then its coefficient of performance within GSHP systems for heating greenhouses, it is important to analyse and maximise the power conductivity of the greenhouse heating system, before to design an expensive borehole ground exchanger. Nevertheless, according to the experimental data obtained, the GSHP systems are effective, efficient and environmental friendly and may be useful to supply the heating energy demand of greenhouses.

  12. 欧盟空气源热泵(静态)热水器生态设计测试研究%Study of the Test about Ecodesign of Air Source Heat Pump (Static) Water Heater in European Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马洁丹; 臧松彦

    2015-01-01

    本文结合法规EU No.812/2013、 EU No.814/2013和标准EN 16147:2011对空气源热泵热水器的ERP测试方法和要求进行分析和总结,并提出测试过程中的各个注意事项,以便读者更好了解新法规对热泵能效的测试要求。%This paper analyzed and summarized the ERP test of Air source heat pump water heater, with the code of EU No.812/2013, EU No.814/2013 and the standard of EN 16147: 2011, and brought forward notice of the test, for the reader knowing more about the energy efficiency test of heat pump.

  13. Application Examples of Heat Pump Central Air Conditioning of Water Source of Poyang Lake%鄱阳湖水源热泵中央空调运用实例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾宇军

    2014-01-01

    Through the selection of model test of central air conditioning cooling and heating mode of Poyang Lake, the author introduces the composition and operation of lake water source heat pump and ground source ground principle coupled heat exchanger auxiliary heating system, analyzing the system operation ef iciency, which has obtained the good use ef ect, and providing a theoretical basis and examples of templates for water source heat pump project in Poyang Lake region.%通过鄱阳湖模型试验研究基地中央空调供冷供热方式的比选,介绍了湖水源热泵和地源土壤耦合换热器辅助供热系统组成和运行原理,进行了该系统运行的效益分析,取得了较好的使用效果,为环鄱阳湖区域利用水源热泵工程提供了理论依据和实例样板。

  14. Application of ground-source heat pump with capillary mesh central air conditioning system in summer%毛细管网热泵集中空调系统夏季应用实例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洋; 刘晓蕊; 郑英姿; 韩东太

    2011-01-01

    The system combines ground-source heat pump technology and capillary mesh radiation technology,taking ground-source heat pump unit as cold and heat source and capillary mesh as terminal device. Presents the application case of the system. Explains the effect of outdoor air system and gravity circulating air conditioning unit on desiccant and compares the measured parameters. Puts forward some problems needed special attention and treatment during construction and operation of the system.%该系统将地源热泵技术与毛细管网辐射技术相结合,以地源热泵机组为冷热源,末端采用毛细管网.介绍了该系统在夏季的应用实例,阐述了新风系统及重力循环空调柜联合除湿的效果,并将实测参数进行对比,提出了系统在施工及运行过程中需要注意的问题.

  15. CLEAN-AIR heat pump. Reduced energy consumption for ventilation in buildings by integrating air cleaning and heat pump. Final Report; CLEAN-AIR heat pump - Reduceret energiforbrug til ventilation af bygninger ved luftrensning integreret med luft varmepumpe. Slut rapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fang, L.; Olesen, Bjarne W.; Molinaro, G.; Simmonsen, P.; Skocajic, S. [Danmarks Tekniske Univ. Institut for Byggeri og Anlaeg, Lyngby (Denmark); Hummelshoej, R.M.; Carlassara, L. [COWI A/S, Lyngby, (Denmark); Groenbaek, H.; Hansen, Ole R. [Exhausto A/S, Langeskov (Denmark)

    2011-07-01

    This report summarizes task 1 of the Clean Air Heat Pump project - modelling and simulation on energy savings when using the clean air heat pump for ventilation, air cleaning and energy recovery. The total energy consumption of the proposed ventilation systems using clean air heat pump technology was calculated by a theoretical model and compared with the reference ventilation systems (conventional ventilation systems). The energy compared between the two systems includes energy used for heating, cooling and fan. The simulation and energy saving calculation was made for the application of the clean air heat pump in three typical climate conditions, i.e. mild-cold, mild-hot and hot and wet climates. Real climate data recorded from three cities in 2002 was used for the calculation. The three cities were Copenhagen (Denmark), Milan (Italy) and Colombo (Sir Lanka) which represent the above three typical climate zones. For the Danish climate (the mild cold climate), the calculations show that the ventilation system using clean air heat pump technology can save up to 42% of energy cost in winter compared to the conventional ventilation system. The energy saving in summer can be as high as 66% for the ventilation system with humidity control and 9% for the ventilation system without the requirement of humidity control. Since the Danish summer climate is very mild, over 80% of the yearly energy consumption for ventilation is used during winter season. It is, therefore, estimated that more than 35% annual energy saving for ventilation is expected in Denmark using the clean air heat pump ventilation technology. For the mild hot climate, e.g. the Italian climate, the calculations show that up to 63% of the energy saving can be achieved in summer season. For the winter mode, 17% reduction of the energy cost can be expected for the domestic use. For industrial use, the energy cost of the clean air heat pump may not be favourable due to the industrial price of gas in Italy is

  16. 空气源热泵在学生公寓的热水改造工程中的应用%Application of Air Source Heat Pump Water Heater to Reconstruction Project of Domestic Hot Water in Student Apartment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何绪春

    2012-01-01

    The domestic water-heating system with gas-fired boiler of a college apartment in Chongqing was discussed.The reconstruction plans concerning air-source heat pump heating system and solar assisted air-source heat system were processed and discussed respectively after the analysis on daily hot water load.Compared with the original water-heating system,the annual operating costs of solar heating systems would be the lowest.%以重庆某学校采用燃气锅炉房作为热源的洗浴热水加热系统作为研究对象。对热水系统日用热量进行了分析。对原加热系统提出两种改造方案:空气源热泵加热系统、太阳能辅助空气源加热系统,探讨了这两种加热系统的系统流程,与原加热系统的年运行费用进行了比较,太阳能加热系统的年运行费用最低。

  17. The Oak Ridge Heat Pump Models: I. A Steady-State Computer Design Model of Air-to-Air Heat Pumps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, S.K. Rice, C.K.

    1999-12-10

    The ORNL Heat Pump Design Model is a FORTRAN-IV computer program to predict the steady-state performance of conventional, vapor compression, electrically-driven, air-to-air heat pumps in both heating and cooling modes. This model is intended to serve as an analytical design tool for use by heat pump manufacturers, consulting engineers, research institutions, and universities in studies directed toward the improvement of heat pump performance. The Heat Pump Design Model allows the user to specify: system operating conditions, compressor characteristics, refrigerant flow control devices, fin-and-tube heat exchanger parameters, fan and indoor duct characteristics, and any of ten refrigerants. The model will compute: system capacity and COP (or EER), compressor and fan motor power consumptions, coil outlet air dry- and wet-bulb temperatures, air- and refrigerant-side pressure drops, a summary of the refrigerant-side states throughout the cycle, and overall compressor efficiencies and heat exchanger effectiveness. This report provides thorough documentation of how to use and/or modify the model. This is a revision of an earlier report containing miscellaneous corrections and information on availability and distribution of the model--including an interactive version.

  18. Research on a Household Dual Heat Source Heat Pump Water Heater with Preheater Based on ASPEN PLUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiang Gou

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a dual heat source heat pump bathroom unit with preheater which is feasible for a single family. The system effectively integrates the air source heat pump (ASHP and wastewater source heat pump (WSHP technologies, and incorporates a preheater to recover shower wastewater heat and thus improve the total coefficient of performance (COP of the system, and it has no electric auxiliary heating device, which is favorable to improve the security of the system operation. The process simulation software ASPEN PLUS, widely used in the design and optimization of thermodynamic systems, was used to simulate various cases of system use and to analyze the impact of the preheater on the system. The average COP value of a system with preheater is 6.588 and without preheater it is 4.677. Based on the optimization and analysis, under the standard conditions of air at 25 °C, relative humidity of 70%, wastewater at 35 °C, wastewater flow rate of 0.07 kg/s, tap water at 15 °C, and condenser outlet water temperature at 50 °C, the theoretical COP of the system can reach 9.784 at an evaporating temperature of 14.96 °C, condensing temperature of 48.74 °C, and preheated water temperature of 27.19 °C.

  19. High-efficiency gas heat pump air-conditioner equipped with absorption refrigerator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imai, Yosuke; Ohashi, Toshinori; Okamoto, Hiroaki; Hihara, Eiji; Kawakami, Ryuichiro

    On conventional gas heat pump(GHP), waste heat from gas engine that uses as driving source is emitted into outside. So from the standpoint of efficient use of waste heat, it is assumed that waste heat from gas engine is used as driving source of absorption chiller, and high temperature condensate refrigerant in GHP is subcooled to middle temperature by cold source from absorption cycle, and as a result, GHP makes more efficiency. However, in equipping GHP with absorption cycle, downsizing and high-efficiency of absorption cycle is required. In this study, air-cooled subcooled adiabatic absorber is focused and physical phenomenon in it is analyzed, and finally one perception of the optimized designing is shown.

  20. Experimental Research on Multi-source Solar Energy and Air Source Heat Pump System with Serpentine Tube Energy Storage Exchangers%蓄能型蛇形管太阳能——空气源复合热泵系统实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈杨华; 彭辉; 郭文帅; 李钰; 陈非凡

    2013-01-01

    蛇形管蓄能型太阳能——空气源复合热泵系统结合了空气源热泵技术、太阳能利用技术和蓄能技术三者的优点,是一种高效新型的热泵系统.在搭建好实验台后,通过实验分析了该系统在常规空气源热泵供热模式、蓄冷模式、取冷模式、蓄能热泵供热模式、边蓄热边供热模式下的性能特性.实验结果证明蓄能型蛇形管太阳能——空气源复合热泵系统运行高效、安全、稳定可靠.%Multi-source solar energy and air source heat pump system with serpentine tube energy storage exchanges combine the advantages of air source heat pump, solar energy utilization technology and energy storage technology. It is a new high-efficiency heat pump system. After setting up experimental station, the performance characteristics of the system is analysed when conventional air source heat pump heating mode, cold storage mode, cold release mode, heating mode using heat storage, heat storage and heat release using solar heat pump mode is operated. Experimental results show that the system is efficient, safe, stable and reliable.

  1. Study on a groundwater source heat pump cooling system in solar greenhouse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chai, Lilong; Ma, Chengwei [China Agricultural Univ., Beijing (China). Coll. of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering. Dept. of Agricultural Structure and Bio-environmental Engineering], E-mail: macwbs@cau.edu.cn

    2008-07-01

    This study aims at exploiting the potential of ground source heat pump (GSHP) technology in cooling agricultural greenhouse, and advocating the use of renewable and clean energy in agriculture. GSHP has the multi-function of heating, cooling and dehumidifying, which is one of the fastest growing technologies of renewable energy air conditioning in recent years. The authors carried out experiment on the ground source heat pump system in cooling greenhouse in Beijing region during the summertime of 2007, and conducted analysis on the energy efficiency of the system by using coefficient of performance (COP). According to the data collected during Aug.13-18th, 2007, the coefficient of performance of GSHP system (COP{sub sys}) has reached 3.15 on average during the test. (author)

  2. In Situ Measurement of the Undisturbed Ground Temperature for Ground Source Heat Pump System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Ya-su

    2008-01-01

    The undisturbed ground are important for design of the ground heat exchangers in ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems. In this paper, the undisturbed ground temperatures measured in two different methods are presented. The investigation was carried out in two cases. The temperature measured with the direct method is assumed to give the correct undisturbed ground temperature profile. The temperature measured with indirect method overestimates the undisturbed ground temperature by 2.1℃ and 1.7℃. This difference is mainly caused by the circulation pump and ambient air to the fluid. Therefore, the results that are decreased about 2℃ as compared with the indirect measured are recommended to estimate the undisturbed ground temperature in situ measuring. A smaller pump or deeper borehole or mild weather would result in a more correct temperature. Because the undisturbed ground temperature is affected by many factors. Whether or not these conclusions are correct to other areas, this would need further investigation.

  3. Absorption heat pumps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huhtinen, M.; Heikkilae, M.; Andersson, R.

    1987-03-01

    The aim of the study was to analyze the technical and economic feasibility of absorption heat pumps in Finland. The work was done as a case study: the technical and economic analyses have been carried out for six different cases, where in each the suitable size and type of the heat pump plant and the auxiliary components and connections were specified. The study also detailed the costs concerning the procurement, installation and test runs of the machinery, as well as the savings in energy costs incurred by the introduction of the plant. Conclusions were drawn of the economic viability of the applications studied. The following cases were analyzed: heat recovery from flue gases and productin of district heat in plants using peat, natural gas, and municipal wastes as a fuel. Heat recovery in the pulp and paper industry for the upgrading of pressure of secondary steam and for the heating of white liquor and combustion and drying the air. Heat recovery in a peat-fulled heat and power plant from flue gases that have been used for the drying of peat. According to the study, the absorption heat pump suits best to the production of district heat, when the heat source is the primary energy is steam produced by the boiler. Included in the flue as condensing is the purification of flue gases. Accordingly, benefit is gained on two levels in thick applications. In heat and power plants the use of absorption heat pumps is less economical, due to the fact that the steam used by the pump reduces the production of electricity, which is rated clearly higher than heat.

  4. WEXA: exergy analysis for increasing the efficiency of air/water heat pumps - Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gasser, L.; Wellig, B.; Hilfiker, K.

    2008-04-15

    This comprehensive final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of a study at the made by the Engineering and Architecture department at the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts. The subject of the WEXA study (Waermepumpen-Exergie-Analyse - heat pump exergy analysis) is the analysis of the operation of air/water heat-pumps using exergy analysis methods. The basic thermodynamics of heating systems using heat-pumps is discussed. The exergy analyses and exergy balances for the various components and processes of an air/water heat-pump are presented and discussed. Comparisons are presented for heat-pumps with on/off and continuous control systems for their compressors and fans. The paper is concluded with a collection of appendices on the subject.

  5. Investigation of direct expansion in ground source heat pumps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalman, M. D.

    A fully instrumented subscale ground coupled heat pump system was developed, and built, and used to test and obtain data on three different earth heat exchanger configurations under heating conditions (ground cooling). Various refrigerant flow control and compressor protection devices were tested for their applicability to the direct expansion system. Undistributed Earth temperature data were acquired at various depths. The problem of oil return at low evaporator temperatures and low refrigerant velocities was addressed. An analysis was performed to theoretically determine what evaporator temperature can be expected with an isolated ground pipe configuration with given length, pipe size, soil conditions and constant heat load. Technical accomplishments to data are summarized.

  6. Improved Modeling of Residential Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps for Energy Calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cutler, D.; Winkler, J.; Kruis, N.; Christensen, C.; Brendemuehl, M.

    2013-01-01

    This report presents improved air conditioner and heat pump modeling methods in the context of whole-building simulation tools, with the goal of enabling more accurate evaluation of cost effective equipment upgrade opportunities and efficiency improvements in residential buildings.

  7. An early attempt at an integrated home energy system including solar thermal, ground source heat pump, radiant floor heating, reflective and dynamic insulation and ground-tempered makeup air

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, T.

    2005-07-01

    This paper described an attempt to design and build a comfortable and energy efficient home that integrates solar thermal panels with active and passive features. The exterior walls of the 1700 square foot house were interlocking concrete blocks with radiant floor heating pipes fastened to the outside, which was later covered with rigid insulation and stucco. The active heating system included 4 solar panels and a ground source heat pump with supply lines buried horizontally 5 feet below the surface of the back yard on the south side of the building. The solar panels were used for different purposes in different seasons. The system was monitored for the first winter only. For 4 hours a day in January, 10 per cent more solar energy was measured on the vertical collectors than is available from direct solar insolation at summer solstice. With an outside temperature of -33 degrees C, the solar collectors were capable of maintaining an almost constant core wall temperature of 12 degrees C. The total electricity bill for this all-electric house averaged $60 month during for an entire year, with a single occupant. Despite these results, funding to optimize the control system was not granted. The house was sold at a loss and the heat pump was eventually replaced by a natural gas boiler, which reduced the energy efficiency of the house, but which satisfied the bank who wanted a conventional heating system before approving a mortgage. 2 figs.

  8. 电驱动和燃气驱动空气源热泵运行设备的分析%Exergy Analysis of the Operating Equipment of Electricity Engine-driven and Gas Engine-driven Air Source Heat Pump

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史丽娜; 刘学来; 李永安

    2016-01-01

    对燃气驱动以及电驱动空气源热泵的制热过程进行了分析,得出各个运行设备的损、效率以及热力完善度。研究结果表明:空气源热泵的四大部件:蒸发器、压缩机、冷凝器、节流阀的损分别为0.372、2.722、1.219、0.322。燃气空气源热泵与电驱动空气源热泵均等效为一次能源时,系统的效率分别为22.52%、17.4%,可以看出燃气空气源热泵效率较电驱动空气源热泵高,燃气机热泵更经济节能。%The exergy analysis of the gas engine-driven and electricity engine-driven air source heat pump are made. , and the exergy loss, exergy efficiency and thermodynamic perfection degree of each equipment were obtained. The results show that the exergy losses of air source heat pump in the evaporator, compressor, condenser and throttle valve are 0. 372, 2. 722, 1. 219, 0. 322, respectively. When gas engine-driven and electricity engine-driven air source heat pump are all equivalent to primary en-ergy source,the exergy efficiency of the whole system were 22. 52%, 17. 4%,it can be seen that the exergy efficiency of the gas engine-driven air source heat pump is higher than that of the electricity engine-driven air source heat pump , and the gas engine-driven air source heat pump is more economical and energy saving.

  9. Domestic Hot Water Production with Ground Source Heat Pump in Apartment Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jukka Yrjölä

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Producing domestic hot water (DHW with a ground source heat pump (GSHP is challenging due to the high temperature (HT of DHW. There are many studies proving the better performance of cascade heat pumps compared to single-stage heat pumps when the difference between the condensing and the evaporation temperature is large. In this system approach study, different GSHP arrangements are described and computationally compared. A two-stage heat pump arrangement is introduced in which water tanks of the heating system are utilized for warming up the DHW in two stages. It is shown that the electricity consumption with this two-stage system is approximately 31% less than with the single-stage heat pump and 12% less than with the cascade system. Further, both low temperature (LT and HT heat pumps can run alone, which is not common in cascade or other two-stage heat pumps. This is advantageous because the high loads of the space heating and DHW production are not simultaneous. Proper insulation of the DHW and recirculation pipe network is essential, and drying towel rails or other heating coils should be avoided when aiming for a high efficiency. The refrigerants in the calculations are R407C for the LT heat pump and R134a for the HT heat pump. Investment costs are excluded from calculations.

  10. 火力发电厂水源热泵空调系统与传统空调系统的技术经济性比较%Technical and Economic Comparison between Water-Source Heat Pump Air-Conditioning System and Classical Air-Conditioning System in Fossil Fuel Power Plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明国; 毛永东; 卢柏春; 谢网度

    2013-01-01

    Water-source heat pump air-conditioning as an energy-efficient, environmentally friendly air-conditioning system is gained more attention, and has a broad development prospects. According to Huarun Lianyuan power plant project, this paper has discussed the advantages about water-source heat pump air-conditioning system through the theoretical and economic comparison. The Water source heat pump air-conditioning system has a broad application value.%  水源热泵空调作为一种高效节能,环保型的空调系统正日益受到人们的重视,有着广阔的发展前景。介绍了华润电力涟源坑口电厂工程,通过与传统空调系统的技术经济比较论述其优越性,具有推广应用的价值。

  11. New Chinese real estate project Beitang TBD compound Seafood Place Ground Source Heat Pump Air Conditioning System Design%北塘TBD项目新中式地产大院海鲜坊地源热泵空调系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明龙

    2012-01-01

    Ground source heat pump system as efficient use of renewable resources,energy saving,environmental protection,a new air conditioning system,this paper introduces a new real estate compound Seafood Place Chinese ground source heat pump central air conditioning system design.%地源热泵系统作为利用可再生资源的高效,节能,环保的一种新型空调系统,本文介绍某新中式地产大院海鲜坊地源热泵中央空调系统设计。

  12. Portable Heat Pump Testing Device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kłosowiak R.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the design and working principle of a portable testing device for heat pumps in the energy recirculation system. The presented test stand can be used for any refrigerating/reverse flow cycle device to calculate the device energy balance. The equipment is made of two portable containers of the capacity of 250 liters to simulate the air heat source and ground heat source with a system of temperature stabilization, compressor heat pump of the coefficient of performance (COP of = 4.3, a failsafe system and a control and measurement system.

  13. Magnetic pumping as a source of particle heating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lichko, Emily; Egedal, Jan; Daughton, William; Kasper, Justin

    2016-10-01

    Magnetic pumping is a means of heating plasmas for both fusion and astrophysical applications. This study presents a generalized model, related to the compressional pumping model Fisk & Gloeckler applied to the solar wind (2006). Unlike previous models, this model includes diffusion of the anisotropic features which develop in velocity space, thereby allowing energy to be transferred to the particles directly from the turbulence. By using various orderings, the drift kinetic equation can be reduced to a more general form of Parker's equation with an anisotropic distribution function. Through expansions in both pitch angle and in space, it can be shown that this equation has power law solutions and results in an overall heating of the plasma. This form of heating is related to transit-time damping. Kinetic simulations were performed to test the theoretical model and explore regimes where spatial and velocity diffusion are of the same order of importance, regimes not easily available to analytical calculations. These simulations appear to confirm the pumping model in the appropriate limits.

  14. Computer simulation of steady-state performance of air-to-air heat pumps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellison, R D; Creswick, F A

    1978-03-01

    A computer model by which the performance of air-to-air heat pumps can be simulated is described. The intended use of the model is to evaluate analytically the improvements in performance that can be effected by various component improvements. The model is based on a trio of independent simulation programs originated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Heat Transfer Laboratory. The three programs have been combined so that user intervention and decision making between major steps of the simulation are unnecessary. The program was further modified by substituting a new compressor model and adding a capillary tube model, both of which are described. Performance predicted by the computer model is shown to be in reasonable agreement with performance data observed in our laboratory. Planned modifications by which the utility of the computer model can be enhanced in the future are described. User instructions and a FORTRAN listing of the program are included.

  15. Case study for ARRA-funded ground-source heat pump (GSHP) demonstration at Oakland University

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Im, Piljae [ORNL; Liu, Xiaobing [ORNL

    2015-09-01

    High initial costs and lack of public awareness of ground-source heat pump (GSHP) technology are the two major barriers preventing rapid deployment of this energy-saving technology in the United States. Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), 26 GSHP projects have been competitively selected and carried out to demonstrate the benefits of GSHP systems and innovative technologies for cost reduction and/or performance improvement. This paper highlights the findings of a case study of one of the ARRA-funded GSHP demonstration projects, a ground-source variable refrigerant flow (GS-VRF) system installed at the Human Health Building at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan. This case study is based on the analysis of measured performance data, maintenance records, construction costs, and simulations of the energy consumption of conventional central heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems providing the same level of space conditioning as the demonstrated GS-VRF system. The evaluated performance metrics include the energy efficiency of the heat pump equipment and the overall GS-VRF system, pumping performance, energy savings, carbon emission reductions, and cost-effectiveness of the GS-VRF system compared with conventional HVAC systems. This case study also identified opportunities for reducing uncertainties in the performance evaluation, improving the operational efficiency, and reducing the installed cost of similar GSHP systems in the future.

  16. Experience report of the testing of an air source heat pump at the Faculty of Mechanical and Energy Engineering of the Leipzig University of Applied Science; Erfahrungsbericht aus der Betriebsfuehrung einer Luftwaermepumpe an der Fakultaet ME der HTWK Leipzig

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, R.; Rackwitz, A. [HTWK Leipzig, Markkleeberg (Germany). Fakultaet ME

    2009-07-01

    Because the demand of fuels (for example coal and oil) and the energy costs rise continuously and the nuclear phaseout is resolved, it is advisable to analyse different alternatives of the generation and supply of electrical energy and thermoelectricity with renewable forms of energy. The technical optimize and a economic operation of the different alternatives are most important points of tests. This was the reason why at the Faculty of Mechanical and Energy Engineering of the Leipzig University of Applied Science a test rig ''renewable forms of energy'' was built up step by step in the last eleven years, which includes different test facilities, for example two photovoltaic systems with different tracking systems, two wind-mills and an air-water-heat-pump. The new air-water-heat-pump has a rated power-input of 2,74 kW{sub el} and should support the central heating in the new laboratory- and college-building in the next years. At first the heat-pump is tested to analyse the economical and technical conditions. The first results of the tests confirm the technical information of the heat-pump producer. Further long-time measurements are considered for the next months. (orig.)

  17. Federal Technology Alert: Ground-Source Heat Pumps Applied to Federal Facilities--Second Edition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hadley, Donald L.

    2001-03-01

    This Federal Technology Alert, which was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Federal Energy Management Programs, provides the detailed information and procedures that a Federal energy manager needs to evaluate most ground-source heat pump applications. This report updates an earlier report on ground-source heat pumps that was published in September 1995. In the current report, general benefits of this technology to the Federal sector are described, as are ground-source heat pump operation, system types, design variations, energy savings, and other benefits. In addition, information on current manufacturers, technology users, and references for further reading are provided.

  18. Innovative commercial ``ground source'' heat pump system sources and sinks: Engineering and economics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sachs, H.M.; Lowenstein, A.I.; Henderson, H.I. Jr.; Carlson, S.W.; Risser, J.E.

    1998-07-01

    Geothermal heat pumps, which will be called GX systems in this paper, have been employed in specialty applications on both residential and commercial buildings for several decades. GX systems generally have very competitive life cycle costs, but somewhat higher initial costs. The incremental cost of the ground heat exchanger cost is close to the average cost per ton, so GX systems work best with very efficient building shells. Innovative methods can reduce the ground heat exchanger cost. These include better coupling of the heat exchange boreholes to the ground, hybrid systems that use low cost closed fluid coolers to supplement the ground heat exchanger where cooling loads dominate, open loop systems, and opportunistic systems that use sewage effluent or other non-standard sources for heat exchange. These approaches and their benefits are illustrated through five case studies.

  19. Ground Source Heat Pump Sub-Slab Heat Exchange Loop Performance in a Cold Climate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mittereder, Nick [IBACOS, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Poerschke, Andrew [IBACOS, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    2013-11-01

    This report presents a cold-climate project that examines an alternative approach to ground source heat pump (GSHP) ground loop design. The innovative ground loop design is an attempt to reduce the installed cost of the ground loop heat exchange portion of the system by containing the entire ground loop within the excavated location beneath the basement slab. Prior to the installation and operation of the sub-slab heat exchanger, energy modeling using TRNSYS software and concurrent design efforts were performed to determine the size and orientation of the system. One key parameter in the design is the installation of the GSHP in a low-load home, which considerably reduces the needed capacity of the ground loop heat exchanger. This report analyzes data from two cooling seasons and one heating season.

  20. Heat pumps in agricultural uses. Factsheet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MacDonald, R.D.

    1986-04-01

    This paper provides an elementary introduction to heat pumps and their potential for use in Ontario agricultural applications, taking into account local climatic conditions which mean high heating loads and small cooling loads. A heat pump's ability to remove heat from a variety of sources and boost this heat to a useable temperature enables such farm uses as recovery of heat from exhaust air in livestock barns, greenhouse heating using ground water, and heat extraction from manure. Basic types of heat pumps are evaluated and compared, and their costs are estimated.

  1. Champagne Heat Pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jack A.

    2004-01-01

    The term champagne heat pump denotes a developmental heat pump that exploits a cycle of absorption and desorption of carbon dioxide in an alcohol or other organic liquid. Whereas most heat pumps in common use in the United States are energized by mechanical compression, the champagne heat pump is energized by heating. The concept of heat pumps based on other absorption cycles energized by heat has been understood for years, but some of these heat pumps are outlawed in many areas because of the potential hazards posed by leakage of working fluids. For example, in the case of the water/ammonia cycle, there are potential hazards of toxicity and flammability. The organic-liquid/carbon dioxide absorption/desorption cycle of the champagne heat pump is similar to the water/ammonia cycle, but carbon dioxide is nontoxic and environmentally benign, and one can choose an alcohol or other organic liquid that is also relatively nontoxic and environmentally benign. Two candidate nonalcohol organic liquids are isobutyl acetate and amyl acetate. Although alcohols and many other organic liquids are flammable, they present little or no flammability hazard in the champagne heat pump because only the nonflammable carbon dioxide component of the refrigerant mixture is circulated to the evaporator and condenser heat exchangers, which are the only components of the heat pump in direct contact with air in habitable spaces.

  2. National Certification Standard for Ground Source Heat Pump Personnel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelly, John [Geothermal Heat Pump Consortium

    2013-07-31

    The National Certification Standard for the Geothermal Heat Pump Industry adds to the understanding of the barriers to rapid growth of the geothermal heat pump (GHP) industry by bringing together for the first time an analysis of the roles and responsibilities of each of the individual job tasks involved in the design and installation of GHP systems. The standard addresses applicable qualifications for all primary personnel involved in the design, installation, commissioning, operation and maintenance of GHP systems, including their knowledge, skills and abilities. The resulting standard serves as a foundation for subsequent development of curriculum, training and certification programs, which are not included in the scope of this project, but are briefly addressed in the standard to describe ways in which the standard developed in this project may form a foundation to support further progress in accomplishing those other efforts. Follow-on efforts may use the standard developed in this project to improve the technical effectiveness and economic feasibility of curriculum development and training programs for GHP industry personnel, by providing a more complete and objective assessment of the individual job tasks necessary for successful implementation of GHP systems. When incorporated into future certification programs for GHP personnel, the standard will facilitate increased consumer confidence in GHP technology, reduce the potential for improperly installed GHP systems, and assure GHP system quality and performance, all of which benefit the public through improved energy efficiency and mitigated environmental impacts of the heating and cooling of homes and businesses.

  3. Pioneering Heat Pump Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aschliman, Dave [Indiana Inst. of Technology, Inc., Fort Wayne, IN (United States); Lubbehusen, Mike [Indiana Inst. of Technology, Inc., Fort Wayne, IN (United States)

    2015-06-30

    This project was initiated at a time when ground coupled heat pump systems in this region were limited in size and quantity. There were economic pressures with costs for natural gas and electric utilities that had many organizations considering ground coupled heat pumps; The research has added to the understanding of how ground temperatures fluctuate seasonally and how this affects the performance and operation of the heat pumps. This was done by using a series of temperature sensors buried within the middle of one of the vertical bore fields with sensors located at various depths below grade. Trending of the data showed that there is a lag in ground temperature with respect to air temperatures in the shoulder months, however as full cooling and heating season arrives, the heat rejection and heat extraction from the ground has a significant effect on the ground temps; Additionally it is better understood that while a large community geothermal bore field serving multiple buildings does provide a convenient central plant to use, it introduces complexity of not being able to easily model and predict how each building will contribute to the loads in real time. Additional controllers and programming were added to provide more insight into this real time load profile and allow for intelligent shedding of load via a dry cooler during cool nights in lieu of rejecting to the ground loop. This serves as a means to ‘condition’ the ground loop and mitigate thermal creep of the field, as is typically observed; and It has been observed when compared to traditional heating and cooling equipment, there is still a cost premium to use ground source heat pumps that is driven mostly by the cost for vertical bore holes. Horizontal loop systems are less costly to install, but do not perform as well in this climate zone for heating mode

  4. Simulation on Ground Source Heat Pump System Combined with Seasonal Air Thermal Energy Storage%季节性蓄存空气热能的地源热泵空调系统模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩宗伟; 丁慧婷; 李先庭; 史永征

    2012-01-01

    Regarding the problem of ground heat balance in cold area,a ground source heat pump system which can seasonally accumulate environmental air thermal energy was presented.The components and operation modes of the system were introduced,and the control strategy of system operation was determined through setting up the mathematic model of each system section.Based on the mathematic model and control strategy,the transient numerical simulation was carried out for an office building in Harbin.The simulation results show that the ground source heat pump system can retain thermal balance of the soil temperature field over an one year cycle.The average coefficient of performance was calculated to be 2.44.Compared with that of the coal-fired heating and air conditioning,the system energy-saving rate is 22.3%.%针对寒冷地区长期应用地源热泵系统出现的热平衡问题,提出了季节性蓄存环境空气热能的地源热泵供暖空调系统.介绍了该系统的组成及运行模式,建立了系统中各部分的数学模型,确定了系统的运行控制策略,并在此基础上,以哈尔滨地区某办公建筑为对象进行了瞬态数值模拟.由模拟结果可知,该系统能够保持土壤温度场以年为周期的热平衡,全年供暖空调平均性能系数为2.44,与燃煤锅炉供暖和分体空调供冷方案相比,该系统节能率为22.3%.

  5. Investigation of the Performance of a Heat Pump Using Waste Water as a Heat Source

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Kahraman

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available In this research, a water-water heat pump system using waste water as a heat source, a type that is not often used in Turkey and the World, was experimentally modeled. The experiments were performed under the conditions of simulated waste water temperature values of 20 °C, 30 °C and 40 °C. Inlet and outlet water temperatures of the evaporator and condenser, water flow rates in the evaporator and condenser circuits, pressures at the compressor inlet and outlet and power consumption of the system were measured. The heating coefficients of performance were calculated based on the measurements. It was found that the maximum temperature in the energy storage tank was about 50.6 °C. For the heat source temperatures of 20 °C, 30 °C and 40 °C, the heating coefficients of the performance of the system became 3.36, 3.43 and 3.69, respectively, 6 min. after the start time of the experiments and then they were decreased to 1.87, 1.83 and 1.77 with increasing water temperature in the condenser tank. The mean uncertainty value of the measurement parameters was found to be about ±2.47%. Finally, for the purpose of meeting hot water need as well as floor heating system requirements, it is seen that energy quality level of a waste low grade temperature heat source can be increased by using a heat pump system.

  6. Regenerative adsorbent heat pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jack A. (Inventor)

    1991-01-01

    A regenerative adsorbent heat pump process and system is provided which can regenerate a high percentage of the sensible heat of the system and at least a portion of the heat of adsorption. A series of at least four compressors containing an adsorbent is provided. A large amount of heat is transferred from compressor to compressor so that heat is regenerated. The process and system are useful for air conditioning rooms, providing room heat in the winter or for hot water heating throughout the year, and, in general, for pumping heat from a lower temperature to a higher temperature.

  7. 空气源热泵用于低温热水地板辐射供暖系统的模拟研究%Simulation Research on Low Temperature Hot Water Floor Radiant Heating System with Air Source Heat Pump

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许可; 王树刚; 蒋爽; 张腾飞

    2014-01-01

    低温热水地板辐射供暖具有舒适、节能和节省空间等优势。空气源热泵以其高效、稳定及其与前者的良好匹配性被认为是低温热水地板辐射供暖系统的理想热源。空气源热泵与地板辐射供暖系统相结合能充分利用围护结构及地板各构造层等蓄热体的蓄热特性,减小环境温度变化对空气源热泵制热性能的影响。本文利用TRNSYS和EES软件建立某高层建筑以空气源热泵为热源的低温热水地板辐射供暖系统的瞬态仿真模型,模拟结果与文献报道的实验数据取得了较好的一致性。基于地板辐射供暖系统的蓄热特性,本文提出电力负荷波峰波谷分时段运行控制策略,可避开空气源热泵运行的不利工况以提高制热效率。针对波峰波谷分时段运行及全波谷运行这两种模式,比较供暖房间温度及运行费用的模拟结果表明,波峰波谷分时段运行模式优于全波谷运行模式。%Low temperature hot water floor radiant heating has advantages of being comfortable and saving energy and space. The air source heat pump is believed to be an ideal heat source of the low temperature hot water floor radiant heating system because of its high-efficiency, stability and good matching with the floor radiant heating system. The combination of air source heat pump and floor radiant heating system may make full use of the heat storage capacity of the enclosure and each structural layer of the floor, which reduces the influence of environment temperature changes on the heating performance of the air source heat pump. In this paper, a transient simulation model of low temperature hot water floor radiant heating system with an air source heat pump for a high-rise building was developed by using TRNSYS and EES software, and it has a good agreement with the reported experimental data. Peak and off-peak intermittent running control strategy was presented here based on the heat

  8. Ground Source Heat Pump Sub-Slab Heat Exchange Loop Performance in a Cold Climate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mittereder, N.; Poerschke, A.

    2013-11-01

    This report presents a cold-climate project that examines an alternative approach to ground source heat pump (GSHP) ground loop design. The innovative ground loop design is an attempt to reduce the installed cost of the ground loop heat exchange portion of the system by containing the entire ground loop within the excavated location beneath the basement slab. Prior to the installation and operation of the sub-slab heat exchanger, energy modeling using TRNSYS software and concurrent design efforts were performed to determine the size and orientation of the system. One key parameter in the design is the installation of the GSHP in a low-load home, which considerably reduces the needed capacity of the ground loop heat exchanger. This report analyzes data from two cooling seasons and one heating season. Upon completion of the monitoring phase, measurements revealed that the initial TRNSYS simulated horizontal sub-slab ground loop heat exchanger fluid temperatures and heat transfer rates differed from the measured values. To determine the cause of this discrepancy, an updated model was developed utilizing a new TRNSYS subroutine for simulating sub-slab heat exchangers. Measurements of fluid temperature, soil temperature, and heat transfer were used to validate the updated model.

  9. COMPARATIVE STUDY AMONG HYBRID GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEM, COMPLETE GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP AND CONVENTIONAL HVAC SYSTEM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang Zhu; Yong X. Tao

    2011-11-01

    In this paper, a hotel with hybrid geothermal heat pump system (HyGSHP) in the Pensacola is selected and simulated by the transient simulation software package TRNSYS [1]. To verify the simulation results, the validations are conducted by using the monthly average entering water temperature, monthly facility consumption data, and etc. And three types of HVAC systems are compared based on the same building model and HVAC system capacity. The results are presented to show the advantages and disadvantages of HyGSHP compared with the other two systems in terms of energy consumptions, life cycle cost analysis.

  10. On the Design and Response of Domestic Ground-Source Heat Pumps in the UK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Underwood

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The design and response of ground source heat pumps coupled to vertical closed loop arrays in UK domestic applications are investigated in this article. Two typical UK house types are selected as the vehicle for the study and a detailed dynamic thermal modelling method is used to arrive at time-series heating demands for the two houses. A new empirical heat pump model is derived using experimental data taking into account the deteriorating performance of the heat pump during periods of light load. The heat pump model is incorporated into an existing numerical ground model and completed with a classical effectiveness type heat exchange model of the closed loop array. The model is used to analyse array sizing and performance over an extended time period, as well as sensitivity of the design to soil conductivity and borehole heat exchanger resistance and sensitivity to over-sizing and part-load behavior of the heat pump. Results show that the UK’s standard for ground source design (the Microgeneration Certification Scheme may lead to under-estimated array sizes and that heating system over-sizing and deleterious part-load heat pump performance can add up to 20% to the electrical consumption of these systems.

  11. 节能型水源热泵中央空调在居住小区中的应用%On application of energy-saving water source heat pump center air-conditioner in residential complex

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵艳军

    2012-01-01

    The paper introduces the basic principle for the energy-saving water source heat pump center air-conditioner,has the detailed indication of the "green,environmental-friendly,energy-saving and comfortable" new resource,undertakes the comparative analysis by comparing it with other resources by the list intercomparison from the comfortableness,the initial investment and the running cost,and concludes the energy-saving geothermic air-conditioner can bring newer and more comfortable living environment%介绍了节能型水源热泵中央空调的基本原理,对这种"绿色、环保、节能、舒适"的新能源做了详尽的说明,并通过列表比对等方法与其他能源形式从舒适性、初投资及运行费等方面进行了对比分析,得出节能型地温中央空调将为居住小区带来全新和更为舒适的生活环境的结论。

  12. Development of PFAS-heat storage type air conditioning system with individual heat pump. Chikunetsushiki kobetsu hito ponpu kucho system 'PFAS' no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okubo, S. (Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. (Japan)); Seki, Y. (Takasago Thermal Engineering Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)); Igarashi, M. (Nippon P-MAC Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1993-12-05

    With various uses of building, a good air conditioning system with individual control is needed. Meanwhile, the maximum electric power during summer days is increasing year by year, equalization of electricity load consumed by air conditioning system becomes an important subject in the aspect of stable supply of energy. For meeting these requirements, authors developed a system of the PMAC fancoil air conditioning and heat storage system (PFAS) which provides with a distributed individual type hydrothermal source air conditioner and a heat storage system. This paper introduced a summary of the PFAS system and some operating examples. This system was constructed by the air conditioning unit of combining a hydrothermal source unitary heat pump with a fancoil, a machine of a heat source such as an air cooling heat pump, a heat storage tank and a control system, and it realized equalization of electricity load consumed and saving the running cost of the air conditioning system owing to the night electric use. 8 refs.

  13. Experimental investigation on water quality standard of Yangtze River water source heat pump.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Zenghu; Tong, Mingwei; Kun, Lin

    2012-01-01

    Due to the surface water in the upper reaches of Yangtze River in China containing large amounts of silt and algae, high content of microorganisms and suspended solids, the water in Yangtze River cannot be used for cooling a heat pump directly. In this paper, the possibility of using Yangtze River, which goes through Chongqing, a city in southwest China, as a heat source-sink was investigated. Water temperature and quality of the Yangtze River in the Chongqing area were analyzed and the performance of water source heat pump units in different sediment concentrations, turbidity and algae material conditions were tested experimentally, and the water quality standards, in particular surface water conditions, in the Yangtze River region that adapt to energy-efficient heat pumps were also proposed. The experimental results show that the coefficient of performance heat pump falls by 3.73% to the greatest extent, and the fouling resistance of cooling water in the heat exchanger increases up to 25.6% in different water conditions. When the sediment concentration and the turbidity in the river water are no more than 100 g/m3 and 50 NTU respectively, the performance of the heat pump is better, which can be used as a suitable river water quality standard for river water source heat pumps.

  14. 寒冷地区某办公楼地源热泵空调系统运行分析%Operational analysis of ground-source heat pump air conditioning system for an office building in cold zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑晓娜

    2015-01-01

    Combined with the project,presents the test results of ground-source heat pump under the shallow geothermal condition.The soil thermal balance analysis results show that the soil temperature increases by 0.3 ℃ after a period of cooling and heating season on condition that heat released from ground-source heat pump units to soil is 1.425 TJ.The analysis of operational data shows that temperature differences of entering and leaving water of condensers or evaporators on operation condition are commonly smaller than those on design condition for ground-source heat pump units,resulting in higher energy consumption of pumps.Suggests to apply the control mode of constant temperature difference and variable frequency of pump.%结合寒冷地区某办公楼地源热泵项目,介绍了浅层地热地质条件的测试结果。土壤热平衡分析结果表明,如果地源热泵机组全年向岩土体排热量为1.425 TJ,经过一个制冷季和一个供暖季后,岩土体温度升高幅度为0.30℃。运行数据分析结果表明,地源热泵冷凝器与蒸发器进出口温差在运行过程中通常小于设计温差,造成水泵能耗偏高,建议采用定温差、水泵变频调节的控制方式。

  15. Development of New Air-Cooled Heat Pump Chiller 'Compact Cube'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ookoshi, Yasushi; Ito, Takuya; Yamaguchi, Hiroshi; Kato, Yohei; Ochiai, Yasutaka; Tanaka, Kosuke; Uji, Yoshihiro; Nakayama, Hiroshi

    Further improvement of the performance is requested to air-cooled heat pump chiller from the viewpoint of the global warming prevention. Smaller unit is needed to facilitate the renewal from absorption chiller to air-cooled heat pump chiller. To meet such needs, we developed compact new air-cooled heat pump chiller with high efficiency, 'Compact cube'. The developed machine is side-flow type with U-shaped fin and tube heat exchangers. With this structure, the uniform air velocity, high packed density of the heat exchangers, and the unit miniaturization have been implemented. The refrigeration cycle with two-evaporating temperature has also been implemented. The cooling COP of this cycle is 2% higher compared with conventional one-evaporating temperature cycle because of the rise of average evaporating temperature. In a new model, a new control system, which controls both capacity of compressors and air flow rate corresponding to heat load, has been implemented. As a result, the developed machine achieved IPLV(Integrated Part load Value) to 6.2(MCHV-P1800AE) which is 29% better than the conventional unit.

  16. Investment and Economy Analysis of Water-Source Heat Pump System in Chongqing, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Ding

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In China, the application of renewable energy witnesses rapid development. In the near future, a lot of demonstration projects will be built and thus it is urgent to know the economics of renewable energy building application technologies. Based on the renewable energy demonstration projects in Chongqing city, the author discussed the economy issue of water-source heat pump system (WSHPs in order to provide suggestions for the application projects. According to the design information of demonstration projects, the average incremental investment, allowance, and payback period are calculated in this paper. Comparing WSHPs with traditional heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC system, the saved energy of WSHPs is estimated in the current paper. The author calculated the amount of saved energy in unit applied area and unit intake water. Besides, the economy and efficiency of WSHPs project is analyzed at the end of this paper.

  17. Parallel Operation Characteristics Analysis of Sewage Source Heat Pump Units in Winter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄兆意; 张承虎; 王海燕; 孙德兴

    2010-01-01

    Sewage source heat pump unit operates under partial load most of the time, and study on the law of coefficient of performance (COP) of the unit varying with load ratio can provide basis for the heat pump units running in high efficiency. A mathematical model determining COP, evaporation temperature and condensation temperature of a single unit was proposed. Under the condition of uniform load distribution, the model was established according to different ways of bearing partial load with the same type multi...

  18. Gas Engine-Driven Heat Pump Chiller for Air-Conditioning and Hot Water Supply Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Toshihiko; Mita, Nobuhiro; Moriyama, Tadashi; Hoshino, Norimasa; Kimura, Yoshihisa

    In Part 1 of this study, the performance characteristics of a 457kW gas engine-driven heat pump (GHP) chiller have been obtained from a simulation model analysis for both cooling and heating modes and it has been found that the part-load characteristics of the GHP chiller are fairly well. On the back of Part 1, a computer simulation program has been developed for the evaluation of GHP chiller systems to compare with the other types of heat source systems for air-conditioning and hot water supply applications. The simulation program can be used to estimate annual energy consumption, annual CO2 emission, etc. of the systems with the data of monthly and hourly thermal loads on various buildings, outdoor air conditions, and characteristics of various components comprising the systems. By applying this to some cases of medium-scale hotel, office, shop, and hospital buildings, it has been found that the GHP chiller systems have advantages particularly in the cases of hotels and hospitals where a lot of hot water demand exists. It has also been found that the combination of a GHP chiller and a direct-fired absorption water chiller boiler (hot and chilled water generator) appears promising.

  19. Heat pump air conditioning system for pure electric vehicle at ultra-low temperature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Hai-Jun

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available When the ordinary heat pump air conditioning system of a pure electric vehicle runs at ultra-low temperature, the discharge temperature of compressor will be too high and the heating capacity of the system will decay seriously, it will lead to inactivity of the heating system. In order to solve this problem, a modification is put forward, and an experiment is also designed. The experimental results show that in the same conditions, this new heating system increases more than 20% of the heating capacity; when the outside environment temperature is negative 20 degrees, the discharge temperature of compressor is below 60 degrees.

  20. Analysis of Fuel Cell Driven Ground Source Heat Pump Systems in Community Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong-Keun Shin

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, a fuel cell driven ground source heat pump (GSHP system is applied in a community building and heat pump system performance is analyzed by computational methods. Conduction heat transfer between the brine pipe and ground is analyzed by TEACH code in order to predict the performance of the heat pump system. The predicted coefficient of performance (COP of the heat pump system and the energy cost were compared with the variation of the location of the objective building, the water saturation rate of the soil, and the driven powers of the heat pump system. Compared to the late-night electricity driven system, a significant reduction of energy cost can be accomplished by employing the fuel cell driven heat pump system. This is due to the low cost of electricity production of the fuel cell system and to the application of the recovered waste heat generated during the electricity production process to the heating of the community building.

  1. Improved Modeling of Residential Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps for Energy Calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cutler, D. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Winkler, J. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Kruis, N. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Christensen, C. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Brandemuehl, M. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)

    2013-01-01

    This report presents improved air conditioner and heat pump modeling methods in the context of whole-building simulation tools, with the goal of enabling more accurate evaluation of cost-effective equipment upgrade opportunities and efficiency improvements in residential buildings.

  2. DEVELOPMENT OF A LINEAR COMPRESSOR FOR AIR CONDITIONERS AND HEAT PUMPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report discusses the design, building, testing, and delivering to the Environmental Protection Agency of a linear compressor for operation in a 3.0- ton (10.5 kW) residential air-conditioning and heat pumping system. The compressor design evolved from a linear resonant piston...

  3. Performance Analysis of Air-to-Water Heat Pump in Latvian Climate Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazjonovs, Janis; Sipkevics, Andrejs; Jakovics, Andris; Dancigs, Andris; Bajare, Diana; Dancigs, Leonards

    2014-12-01

    Strategy of the European Union in efficient energy usage demands to have a higher proportion of renewable energy in the energy market. Since heat pumps are considered to be one of the most efficient heating and cooling systems, they will play an important role in the energy consumption reduction in buildings aimed to meet the target of nearly zero energy buildings set out in the EU Directive 2010/31/EU. Unfortunately, the declared heat pump Coefficient of Performance (COP) corresponds to a certain outdoor temperature (+7 °C), therefore different climate conditions, building characteristics and settings result in different COP values during the year. The aim of this research is to investigate the Seasonal Performance factor (SPF) values of air-to-water heat pump which better characterize the effectiveness of heat pump in a longer selected period of time, especially during the winter season, in different types of residential buildings in Latvian climate conditions. Latvia has four pronounced seasons of near-equal length. Winter starts in mid-December and lasts until mid-March. Latvia is characterized by cold, maritime climate (duration of the average heating period being 203 days, the average outdoor air temperature during the heating period being 0.0 °C, the coldest five-day average temperature being -20.7 °C, the average annual air temperature being +6.2 °C, the daily average relative humidity being 79 %). The first part of this research consists of operational air-towater heat pump energy performance monitoring in different residential buildings during the winter season. The second part of the research takes place under natural conditions in an experimental construction stand which is located in an urban environment in Riga, Latvia. The inner area of this test stand, where air-to-water heat pump performance is analyzed, is 9 m2. The ceiling height is 3 m, all external wall constructions (U = 0.16 W/(m2K)) have ventilated facades. To calculate SPF, the

  4. Study on the Performance of a Ground Source Heat Pump System Assisted by Solar Thermal Storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Jin Nam

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A ground source heat pump system (GSHPS utilizes a relatively stable underground temperature to achieve energy-saving for heating and cooling in buildings. However, continuous long-term operation will reduce the soil temperature in winter, resulting in a decline in system performance. In this research, in order to improve the system performance of a GSHPS, a ground heat pump system integrated with solar thermal storage was developed. This solar-assisted ground heat pump system (SAGHPS can both maintain the balance of the soil temperature effectively and achieve higher system performance than the conventional system. In this paper, in order to examine the characteristics of the system, a dynamic simulation was conducted under various conditions. The results of our case study provide specific operation data such as heat exchange rate, heat source temperature, and heat pump COP. As a result, the heat pump COP of SAGHPS was 4.7%, 9.3% higher than that of the GSHPS.

  5. Performance prediction between horizontal and vertical source heat pump systems for greenhouse heating with the use of artificial neural networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benli, Hüseyin

    2016-08-01

    This paper presents the suitability of artificial neural networks (ANNs) to predict the performance and comparison between a horizontal and a vertical ground source heat pump system. Performance forecasting is the precondition for the optimal control and energy saving operation of heat pump systems. In this study, performance parameters such as air temperature entering condenser fan-coil unit, air temperature leaving condenser fan-coil unit, and ground temperatures (2 and 60 m) obtained experimental studies are input data; coefficient of performance of system (COPsys) is in output layer. The back propagation learning algorithm with three different variants such as Levenberg-Marguardt, Pola-Ribiere conjugate gradient, and scaled conjugate gradient, and also tangent sigmoid transfer function were used in the network so that the best approach can be found. The results showed that LM with three neurons in the hidden layer is the most suitable algorithm with maximum correlation coefficients R2 of 0.999, minimum root mean square RMS value and low coefficient variance COV. The reported results confirmed that the use of ANN for performance prediction of COPsys,H-V is acceptable in these studies.

  6. Ground-Source Integrated Heat Pump for Near-Zero Energy Houses: Technology Status Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murphy, Richard W [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL; Craddick, William G [ORNL

    2007-09-01

    . With the greater energy savings the cost of the more energy efficient components required for the IHP can be recovered more quickly than if they were applied to individual pieces of equipment to meet each individual energy service need. An IHP can be designed to use either outdoor air or geothermal resources (e.g., ground, ground water, surface water) as the environmental energy source/sink. Based on a scoping study of a wide variety of possible approaches to meeting the energy service needs for a ZEH, DOE selected the IHP concept as the most promising and has supported research directed toward the development of both air- and ground-source versions. This report describes the ground-source IHP (GS-IHP) design and includes the lessons learned and best practices revealed by the research and development (R&D) effort throughout. Salient features of the GS-IHP include a variable-speed rotary compressor incorporating a brushless direct current permanent magnet motor which provides all refrigerant compression, a variable-speed fan for the indoor section, a multiple-speed ground coil circuit pump, and a single-speed pump for water heating operation. Laboratory IHP testing has thus far used R-22 because of the availability of the needed components that use this refrigerant. It is expected that HFC R-410A will be used for any products arising from the IHP concept. Data for a variable-speed compressor that uses R-410A has been incorporated into the DOE/ORNL Mark VI Heat Pump Design Model (HPDM). HPDM was then linked to TRNSYS, a time-series-dependent simulation model capable of determining the energy use of building cooling and heating equipment as applied to a defined house on a sub-hourly basis. This provided a highly flexible design analysis capability for advanced heat pump equipment; however, the program also took a relatively long time to run. This approach was used with the initial prototype design reported in Murphy et al. (2007a) and in the business case analysis of

  7. 关于住宅用空气源热泵空调、供暖与热水设计要素的思考%Discussion on the Design Elements of Air Source Heat Pump Air-conditioning, Heating and Hot Water System for Residential Uses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王如竹; 张川; 翟晓强

    2014-01-01

    The paper discusses some key design elements about air source heat pump (ASHP) air-conditioning, heating and domestic hot water system for residential uses. The design of ASHP air-conditioning system should focus more on energy-saving, also emphasize air distribution and humidity control to ensure good indoor comfort for a whole year;ASHP domestic water heater should be designed in good consideration on the adaptability of the control strategy under the local climate condition, and the design for a condensing heat recovery ASHP should consider wisely the total energy consumption for air-conditioning and hot water functions. Besides, the feasibility of using ASHP for efficient room heating and air-conditioning by using small temperature difference terminals in hot summer and cold winter areas was analyzed, thereby a multi-function ASHP energy center was discussed. It is indicated that, the heating and air-conditioning problems in most areas of China can be solved by updating the related standards, optimizing the key parameters of the system and developing heat pumping technology with climate adaptability, and the HVAC&R industries can be innovated and updated.%本文对目前家用空气源热泵空调、供暖与热水系统设计过程中的问题进行了探讨:指出家用空气源热泵空调系统的设计应该更加注重节能性,强调气流组织和湿度控制的重要性,满足人们全年生活的热舒适性要求;提出了针对气候特征的空气源热泵热水器控制策略以及合理评价冷凝热回收空调系统;分析了通过采用小温差末端实现空气源热泵高效舒适供暖来解决夏热冬冷地区冬季供暖的可行性,进而提出了空气源热泵冷热水系统一机多能的系统方案。在此基础上提出通过出台相关标准规范、优化系统的关键参数、研发气候适应性热泵技术,可以有效解决我国大多数地区的供暖和空调问题,促进产业革新与升级。

  8. Exergy cost analysis of ground source heat pump system%土壤源热泵系统的火用成本分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚光彩; 冯启辉; 苏欢; 徐春雯

    2011-01-01

    在对火用分析与经济学原理研究的基础上,利用火用成本分析方法,建立了土壤源热泵系统的(火用) 成本分析模型.以实际的建筑空调系统为背景,运用所建火用成本分析模型与能量成本分析方法,对土壤源热泵系统与风冷热泵系统进行了对比分析计算,并以空气源热泵为基础对土壤源热泵进行了敏感性分析.对土壤源热泵的实际应用具有指导意义.%Based on the study of the exergy analysis and economics theory, an exergy cost analysis model of ground source heat pump system was established by using the exergy cost analysis method. With the background of an actual building air - conditioning system, the ground source heat pump system and the air source heat pump system were calculated by using exergy cost analysis model and energy cost analysis method. And the sensitivity analysis method was used in the exergy cost of ground source heat pump basing on air source heat pump. The analysis method has guiding significance for practical application of ground source heat pump.

  9. Heat pumps using vertical boreholls as heat source; Varmepumper med lodrette boringer som varmeoptager

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedersen, Svend V. [Teknologisk Institut, Aarhus (Denmark); Thoegersen, L.; Soerensen, Inga [VIA University College, Risskov (Denmark)] [and others

    2013-01-15

    This report presents instructions on what to consider when you have to establish vertical wells as energy sources for ground source heating systems. The report provides an introduction into what to be aware of when it comes to sizing vertical ground hoses as heat absorbers for heat pumps. The initial geological assessments, you have to make are described and there are references to the available tools and websites that exist today. A calculation model is developed for the design of vertical ground hoses. This calculation model is intended as a tool for installers and consultants as well as well drillers. The calculation model contains two computational models, one can be used for initial calculations and dimensioning of vertical ground hoses, and the detailed model can be used for costing by well driller. The simple calculation is based on proven design approach from the German standard VDI 4640, and the detailed calculation is based on a known empirical calculation, which assumes that you know the geology in more detail. In the project measurements were carried out on four installations, and the calculations show that there is good agreement between the measurements and the calculation model. (LN)

  10. A mixed air/air and air/water heat pump system ensures the air-conditioning of a cinema; Un systeme mixte PAC air/air et air/eau climatise un cinema

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2001-03-01

    This article presents the air conditioning system of a new cinema complex of Boulogne (92, France) which comprises a double-flux air processing plant and two heat pumps. Each heat pump has two independent refrigerating loops: one with a air condenser and the other with a water condenser. This system allows to limit the power of the loop and to reduce the size of the cooling tower and of the vertical ducts. This article describes the technical characteristics of the installation: thermodynamic units, smoke clearing, temperature control, air renewing. (J.S.)

  11. Development of a Bench-Top Air-to-Water Heat Pump Experimental Apparatus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. I. Abu-Mulaweh

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available A bench-top air-to-water heat pump experimental apparatus was designed,developed, and constructed for instructional and demonstrative purposes. Thisair-to-water heat pump experimental apparatus is capable of demonstratingthermodynamics and heat transfer concepts and principles. This heat pumpexperimental setup was designed around the vapor compression refrigerationcycle. This experimental apparatus has an intuitive user interface, reliable, safefor student use, and portable. The interface is capable of allowing dataacquisition by a computer. A PC-based control system which consists ofLabVIEW and data acquisition unit is employed to monitor and control thisexperimental laboratory apparatus. This paper provides details about thedevelopment of this unit and the integration of the electrical/electronic componentand the control system.

  12. Experimental evaluation on energy performance of innovative clean air heat pump for indoor environment control in summer and winter seasons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nie, Jinzhe; Fang, Lei; Olesen, Bjarne W.

    2014-01-01

    Based on the air purification capacity of regenerative silica gel rotor, an innovative clean air heat pump (CAHP) was designed, developed and investigated through experimental studies. The CAHP integrated air purification, dehumidification and heating/cooling in one unit. A prototype of the CAHP...

  13. Optimal design of district heating and cooling pipe network of seawater-source heat pump

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Xiang-li; Duanmu, Lin; Shu, Hai-wen [School of Civil and Hydraulic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning Province 116024 (China)

    2010-01-15

    The district heating and cooling (DHC) system of a seawater-source heat pump is large system engineering. The investments and the operational cost of DHC pipe network are higher than a tradition system. Traditional design methods only satisfy the needs of the technology but dissatisfy the needs of the economy, which not only waste a mass of money but also bring problems to the operation, the maintenance and the management. So we build a least-annualized-cost global optimal mathematic model that comprises all constrict conditions. Furthermore, this model considers the variety of heating load and cooling load, the operational adjustment in different periods of the year. Genetic algorithm (GA) is used to obtain the optimal combinations of discrete diameters. Some operators of GA are selected to reduce the calculation time and obtain good calculation accuracy. This optimal method is used to the design of the DHC network of Xinghai Bay commercial district which is a real engineering. The design optimization can avoid the matter of the hydraulic unbalance of the system, enhance the running efficiency and greatly reduce the annualized-cost comparing with the traditional design method. (author)

  14. Duplex Stirling gas fired heating only heat pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beale, W.

    1982-03-01

    In phase I the Duplex Stirling Gas fired Heat Pump was analyzed with the aid of the Sunpower third order simulation and optimization code and found to show heating COP of 1.7 at the rating point of 8 C (17 F) with a heat delivery of 10 kW. Also it was found that a direct heat exchange between working fluid and source and sink air was consistent with high COP in the heat pump, thus eliminating the need for an intermediate heat transfer fluid and its associated pumps and controls. Further, it was demonstrated in the simulation that the heat engine power output could be matched to the heat pump load over the range of source temperatures without need of complex control systems. Cost estimates, along with COP figures from the analysis indicated a payback time of 2 to 4 years in completion with existing combustion heating systems in northern climates.

  15. Performance analysis of system heat pump - heat recuperator used for air treatment in process industry

    OpenAIRE

    Milovančević Uroš M.; Kosi Franc F.

    2016-01-01

    A detailed parametric analysis and performance optimization of system “heat pump - recuperator is given in this paper. Mathematical model used for analysis is formed according to the physical model of the system and practical experience. Different types of compressors, and various temperature ranges are treated. Special attention is paid to influence of condensing and evaporating temperatures on system performances, so as to different features of heat recup...

  16. Air Source Cold Climate Heat Pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    Trousers, and a short-sleeved shirt has a rated clothing insulation value of 0.57, while a person with trousers, a long-sleeved shirt , long sleeve...component of the tee fitting would solve the problem but the oil “overshooting” problem would then be present during two-stage operation. A solution that...was successfully implemented was to rearrange the tee fitting. This change is illustrated in Figure 8-4. Figure 8-4: Suction Line Piping Changes

  17. DESIGNING AND OPERATING INTRODUCTION OF DISTRIBUTED GROUND-SOURCE HEAT PUMP AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM OF SHANXI OFFICE OF CIVIL AVIATION NORTH BUREAU%民航华北局山西办公楼分散式地源热泵空调系统设计运行分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱宝仁

    2011-01-01

    本文介绍民航华北局山西办公楼地源热泵空调系统设计,重点介绍:1.室内分散式热泵系统(水环热泵)及室外地埋管换热系统的设计思路;2.太原地区粉质粘土地质结构冬夏季土壤换热量;3.运行情况。%Presents ground-source heat pump air conditioning system design of shanxi office of civil aviation North Bureau. Highlights are as follows: 1. The design idea of indoor distributed water-loop heat pump system and outdoor ground heat exchanger system. 2. The winter and summer soil heat exchanger with geological structure of silty clay in Taiyuan.3.Operation situation.

  18. The New S-RAM Air Variable Compressor/Expander for Heat Pump and Waste Heat to Power Application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dehoff, Ryan R [ORNL; Jestings, Lee [S-RAM Dynamics; Conde, Ricardo [S-RAM Dynamics

    2016-05-23

    S-RAM Dynamics (S-RAM) has designed an innovative heat pump system targeted for commercial and industrial applications. This new heat pump system is more efficient than anything currently on the market and utilizes air as the refrigerant instead of hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants, leading to lower operating costs, minimal environmental costs or concerns, and lower maintenance costs. The heat pumps will be manufactured in the United States. This project was aimed at determining the feasibility of utilizing additive manufacturing to make the heat exchanger device for the new heat pump system. ORNL and S-RAM Dynamics collaborated on determining the prototype performance and subsequently printing of the prototype using additive manufacturing. Complex heat exchanger designs were fabricated using the Arcam electron beam melting (EBM) powder bed technology using Ti-6Al-4V material. An ultrasonic welding system was utilized in order to remove the powder from the small openings of the heat exchanger. The majority of powder in the small chambers was removed, however, the amount of powder remaining in the heat exchanger was a function of geometry. Therefore, only certain geometries of heat exchangers could be fabricated. SRAM Dynamics evaluated a preliminary heat exchanger design. Although the results of the additive manufacturing of the heat exchanger were not optimum, a less complex geometry was demonstrated. A sleeve valve was used as a demonstration piece, as engine designs from S-RAM Dynamics require the engine to have a very high density. Preliminary designs of this geometry were successfully fabricated using the EBM technology.

  19. Performance of water source heat pump system using high-density polyethylene tube heat exchanger wound with square copper wire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Wen Zhang

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Surface water source heat pump system is an energy-efficient heat pump system. Surface water heat exchanger is an important part of heat pump system that can affect the performance of the system. In order to enhance the performance of the system, the overall heat transfer coefficient (U value of the water exchanger using a 32A square copper coiled high-density polyethylene tube was researched. Comparative experiments were conducted between the performance of the coiled high-density polyethylene tube and the 32A smooth high-density polyethylene tube. At the same time, the coefficient of performance of the heat pump was investigated. According to the result, the U value of the coiled tube was 18% higher than that of the smooth tube in natural convection and 19% higher in forced convection. The coefficient of performance of the heat pump with the coiled tube is higher than that with the smooth tube. The economic evaluation of the coiled tube was also investigated.

  20. Case Study for the ARRA-Funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration at Ball State University

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Im, Piljae [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Liu, Xiaobing [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Henderson, Jr., Hugh [CDH Energy Corp., Beijing (China)

    2016-12-01

    With funding provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), 26 ground-source heat pump (GSHP) projects were competitively selected in 2009 to demonstrate the benefits of GSHP systems and innovative technologies for cost reduction and/or performance improvement. One of the selected demonstration projects is a district central GSHP system installed at Ball State University (BSU) in Muncie, IN. Prior to implementing the district GSHP system, 47 major buildings in BSU were served by a central steam plant with four coal-fired and three natural-gas-fired steam boilers. Cooling was provided by five water-cooled centrifugal chillers at the District Energy Station South (DESS). The new district GSHP system replaced the existing coal-fired steam boilers and conventional water-cooled chillers. It uses ground-coupled heat recovery (HR) chillers to meet the simultaneous heating and cooling demands of the campus. The actual performance of the GSHP system was analyzed based on available measured data from August 2015 through July 2016, construction drawings, maintenance records, personal communications, and construction costs. Since Phase 1 was funded in part by the ARRA grant, it is the focus of this case study. The annual energy consumption of the GSHP system was calculated based on the available measured data and other related information. It was compared with the performance of a baseline scenario— a conventional water-cooled chiller and natural-gas-fired boiler system, both of which meet the minimum energy efficiencies allowed by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE 90.1-2013). The comparison was made to determine source energy savings, energy cost savings, and CO2 emission reductions achieved by the GSHP system. A cost analysis was performed to evaluate the simple payback of the GSHP system. The following sections summarize the results of the analysis, the lessons learned, and recommendations for improvement

  1. Energy performance of a ventilation system for a block of apartments with a ground source heat pump as generation system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucchi, M.; Lorenzini, M.; Valdiserri, P.

    2017-01-01

    This work presents a numerical simulation of the annual performance of two different systems: a traditional one composed by a gas boiler-chiller pair and one consisting of a ground source heat pump (GSHP) both coupled to two thermal storage tanks. The systems serve a bloc of flats located in northern Italy and are assessed over a typical weather year, covering both the heating and cooling seasons. The air handling unit (AHU) coupled with the GSHP exhibits excellent characteristics in terms of temperature control, and has high performance parameters (EER and COP), which make conduction costs about 30% lower than those estimated for the traditional plant.

  2. Design of serially connected ammonia-water hybrid absorption-compression heat pumps for district heating with the utilisation of a geothermal heat source

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jonas Kjær; Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Markussen, Wiebke Brix;

    2016-01-01

    District heating (DH) can reduce the primary energy consumption in urban areas with significant heat demands. The design of a serially connected ammonia-water hybrid absorption-compression heat pump system was investigated for operation in the Greater Copenhagen DH network in Denmark, in order...... to supply 7.2 MW heat at 85 °C utilizing a geothermal heat source at 73 °C. Both the heat source and heat sink experience a large temperature change over the heat transfer process, of which a significant part may be achieved by direct heat exchange. First a generic study with a simple representation...

  3. Application analysis of ground source heat pumps in building space conditioning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qian, Hua; Wang, Yungang

    2013-07-01

    The adoption of geothermal energy in space conditioning of buildings through utilizing ground source heat pump (GSHP, also known as geothermal heat pump) has increased rapidly during the past several decades. However, the impacts of the GSHP utilization on the efficiency of heat pumps and soil temperature distribution remained unclear and needs further investigation. This paper presents a novel model to calculate the soil temperature distribution and the coefficient of performance (COP) of GSHP. Different scenarios were simulated to quantify the impact of different factors on the GSHP performance, including heat balance, daily running mode, and spacing between boreholes. Our results show that GSHP is suitable for buildings with balanced cooling and heating loads. It can keep soil temperature at a relatively constant level for more than 10 years. Long boreholes, additional space between boreholes, intermittent running mode will improve the performance of GSHP, but large initial investment is required. The improper design will make the COP of GSHP even lower than traditional heat pumps. Professional design and maintenance technologies are greatly needed in order to promote this promising technology in the developing world.

  4. 10 CFR Appendix M to Subpart B of... - Uniform Test Method for Measuring the Energy Consumption of Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps M Appendix M to Subpart B of Part 430 Energy DEPARTMENT OF... Consumption of Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps 1. DEFINITIONS 2. TESTING CONDITIONS 2.1Test room... conditioners and heat pumps, and systems composed of multiple mini-split units (outdoor units located...

  5. Performance analysis of system heat pump - heat recuperator used for air treatment in process industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milovančević Uroš M.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A detailed parametric analysis and performance optimization of system “heat pump - recuperator is given in this paper. Mathematical model used for analysis is formed according to the physical model of the system and practical experience. Different types of compressors, and various temperature ranges are treated. Special attention is paid to influence of condensing and evaporating temperatures on system performances, so as to different features of heat recuperator. It is found out that in accordance to the working regimes and the compressor type, it is possible to determine optimal conditions in which the system will consume the minimum of electricity.

  6. Heat pump planning handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Bonin, Jürgen

    2015-01-01

    The Heat Pump Planning Handbook contains practical information and guidance on the design, planning and selection of heat pump systems, allowing engineers, designers, architects and construction specialists to compare a number of different systems and options. Including detailed descriptions of components and their functions and reflecting the current state of technology this guide contains sample tasks and solutions as well as new model calculations and planning evaluations. Also economic factors and alternative energy sources are covered, which are essential at a time of rising heat costs. T

  7. An Experimental Facility to Validate Ground Source Heat Pump Optimisation Models for the Australian Climate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuanshen Lu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Ground source heat pumps (GSHPs are one of the most widespread forms of geothermal energy technology. They utilise the near-constant temperature of the ground below the frost line to achieve energy-efficiencies two or three times that of conventional air-conditioners, consequently allowing a significant offset in electricity demand for space heating and cooling. Relatively mature GSHP markets are established in Europe and North America. GSHP implementation in Australia, however, is limited, due to high capital price, uncertainties regarding optimum designs for the Australian climate, and limited consumer confidence in the technology. Existing GSHP design standards developed in the Northern Hemisphere are likely to lead to suboptimal performance in Australia where demand might be much more cooling-dominated. There is an urgent need to develop Australia’s own GSHP system optimisation principles on top of the industry standards to provide confidence to bring the GSHP market out of its infancy. To assist in this, the Queensland Geothermal Energy Centre of Excellence (QGECE has commissioned a fully instrumented GSHP experimental facility in Gatton, Australia, as a publically-accessible demonstration of the technology and a platform for systematic studies of GSHPs, including optimisation of design and operations. This paper presents a brief review on current GSHP use in Australia, the technical details of the Gatton GSHP facility, and an analysis on the observed cooling performance of this facility to date.

  8. Study and Development of an Air Conditioning System Operating on a Magnetic Heat Pump Cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Pao-Lien

    1991-01-01

    This report describes the design of a laboratory scale demonstration prototype of an air conditioning system operating on a magnetic heat pump cycle. Design parameters were selected through studies performed by a Kennedy Space Center (KSC) System Simulation Computer Model. The heat pump consists of a rotor turning through four magnetic fields that are created by permanent magnets. Gadolinium was selected as the working material for this demonstration prototype. The rotor was designed to be constructed of flat parallel disks of gadolinium with very little space in between. The rotor rotates in an aluminum housing. The laboratory scale demonstration prototype is designed to provide a theoretical Carnot Cycle efficiency of 62 percent and a Coefficient of Performance of 16.55.

  9. 环境参数对空气源热泵蒸发器表面霜层影响研究%Effect of Environmental Condition on Evaporator Surface Frost Layer for Air Source Heat Pump

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宪民; 王善云; 汪伟华; 陈纯正

    2011-01-01

    对一台空气源热泵翅片管蒸发器表面结霜特性进行了实验研究,分析了室外环境温度和相对湿度对霜层的形态、平均密度、总平均密度及动态密度的影响.实验结果表明:室外环境温度的降低或相对湿度的增加将促使换热器表面霜层在生长过程中形成针状霜晶,乃至形成绒状霜层;在高温、高湿度工况下,霜层表面出现凝结水滴,使得霜层密度增大.在霜层减速生长段,霜层平均密度随结霜时间呈增大趋势,而在霜层加速生长段,霜层平均密度随结霜时间迅速减小,且动态霜层密度远远小于霜层平均密度.对环境参数不同而霜层厚度相同的霜层平均密度进行比较发现,其随环境温度的升高及相对湿度的减小而增大,且相对湿度的影响在低湿度工况下更为显著.%The frosting characteristics on the surface of the fin-tube evaporator of an air source heat pump (ASHP) were experimentally investigated.The effects of the outdoor air temperature and humidity on the frost morphology and the average density, total average density, and dynamic density of the frost layer were analyzed.The experimental results indicate that the decrease in the outdoor air temperature or the increase in the relative humidity results in the formation of the acerose-shaped ice crystals, even of the fluffy frost layer on the evaporator surface of the ASHP.At higher air temperature and humidity, the average frost density rises clearly due to the existence of the water droplet on the frost layer surface.In the deceleration stage of the frost growth,the average frost density increases with the frosting time.In the acceleration stage of the frost growth, the average frost density decreases rapidly with the increase in the frosting time and the dynamic frost density is much lower than the average density of the frost layer.The comparison between the average frost densities at the same frost layer thickness under different

  10. Crawl space-assisted heat pumps

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGill, R. N.

    By means of field tests in real houses, it was found that the source air for the heat pump can be preheated (or precooled) by drawing the outdoor air through the crawl space before it is used by the heat pump. The outdoor air is warmed (or cooled) by flowing over the crawl space earth. Most of the data is from winter months, when one would expect the most benefit for heat pump performance. Generally, greater preheating occurs at lower outdoor air temperatures; and, the effect tapers off to virtually no gain at about 10 C. The preheating effect has been shown to be sustained for an entire winter season. Another experiment proved that the preheating does come, in great part, from the earth and not simply from the house above. Analysis had also led to the conclusion that the heat transfer mechanism is by simple conduction within the upper 0.3 m of the crawl space earth.

  11. Sensitivity analysis on the performances of a closed-loop Ground Source Heat Pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casasso, Alessandro; Sethi, Rajandrea

    2014-05-01

    Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHP) permit to achieve a significant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and the margins for economic saving of this technology are strongly correlated to the long-term sustainability of the exploitation of the heat stored in the soil. The operation of a GSHP over its lifetime should be therefore modelled considering realistic conditions, and a thorough characterization of the physical properties of the soil is essential to avoid large errors of prediction. In this work, a BHE modelling procedure with the finite-element code FEFLOW is presented. Starting from the governing equations of the heat transport in the soil around a GSHP and inside the BHE, the most important parameters are individuated and the adopted program settings are explained. A sensitivity analysis is then carried on both the design parameters of the heat exchanger, in order to understand the margins of improvement of a careful design and installation, and the physical properties of the soil, with the aim of quantifying the uncertainty induced by their variability. The relative importance of each parameter is therefore assessed by comparing the statistical distributions of the fluid temperatures and estimating the energy consumption of the heat pump, and practical conclusions are from these results about the site characterization, the design and the installation of a BHE. References Casasso A., Sethi R., 2014 Efficiency of closed loop geothermal heat pumps: A sensitivity analysis, Renewable Energy 62 (2014), pp. 737-746 Chiasson A.C., Rees S.J., Spitler J.D., 2000, A preliminary assessment of the effects of groundwater flow on closed-loop ground-source heat pump systems, ASHRAE Transactions 106 (2000), pp. 380-393 Delaleux F., Py X., Olives R., Dominguez A., 2012, Enhancement of geothermal borehole heat exchangers performances by improvement of bentonite grouts conductivity, Applied Thermal Engineering 33-34, pp. 92-99 Diao N., Li Q., Fang Z., 2004, Heat transfer in

  12. Study on the Adaptability of Lake Water-source Heat Pump in the Heating Engineering%湖水源热泵冬季供暖适应性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁昌祝; 陈静; 邓博

    2014-01-01

    The adaptability of lake water source heat pump in winter for heating is analyzed from aspects of lake water temperature, energy efficiency of heat pump units, environmental impact of cooling water drainage and energy saving of heat pump systems. The research shows that lake water source heat pump has good energy-saving effect when used for heating, with measured energy efficiency of heat pump units reaching 4.34 ~ 4.81. The relative energy-saving rate of water source heat pump system reaches 5%, 68% and 29.8% compared with air source heat pump, electric boiler and gas boiler respectively.%从湖体水温、热泵机组能效、冷排水对水环境的影响及热泵系统节能性四个方面分析了湖水源热泵在冬季供暖的适应性。研究表明,湖水源热泵供暖技术具有良好的节能效益,实测热泵机组能效达到4.34~4.81,相对传统的风冷热泵、电锅炉、燃气锅炉系统而言,水源热泵系统的节能率分别达到5%、68%和29.8%。

  13. Application Study on Ground Source Heat Pump System%地源热泵系统的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李异; 石新会

    2011-01-01

    为了减少一次性能源的使用和对环境的污染,本文以陕西安康市某综合建筑为例,通过对比地源热泵系统和常规空调系统的初投资和运行费用,论证了地源热泵系统的经济性.%In order to reduce the pollution to environment of the primary energy, a packaged building in Ankang is taken for example, and this paper proves the ground-source heal pumps economy by comparing the initial investment and operating costs of ground-source heat pumps system and conventional air conditioning systems.

  14. 风速对空气源热泵翅片管换热器结霜特性影响%The effects of wind speed on frosting characteristics of fin - tube heat exchanger for air source heat pump

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹从绪; 陈轶光

    2011-01-01

    The effect of the wind velocity on the frosting characteristics of the fin - and - tube heat exchanger was investigated experimentally. The experimental results indicated that the frost mass accumulation doesn't increase linearly with the wind velocity, the minimum frost mass accumulation are formed at the air velocity of 1. 3m/s. The frost thickness decreased as the wind velocity increase, but the maximum heating capacity increased as the face velocity increase.%针对风速对空气源热泵翅片管室外换热器结霜特性的影响进行了实验研究.实验结果表明,结霜量随风速的增加不是成线形增长,在风速为1.3m/s时结霜量最小.霜层厚度随着风速的增加反而减小,而翅片管换热器的最大换热量随着风速的增加而增加.

  15. Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menart, James A. [Wright State University

    2013-02-22

    This report is a compilation of the work that has been done on the grant DE-EE0002805 entitled ?Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems.? The goal of this project was to develop a detailed computer simulation tool for GSHP (ground source heat pump) heating and cooling systems. Two such tools were developed as part of this DOE (Department of Energy) grant; the first is a two-dimensional computer program called GEO2D and the second is a three-dimensional computer program called GEO3D. Both of these simulation tools provide an extensive array of results to the user. A unique aspect of both these simulation tools is the complete temperature profile information calculated and presented. Complete temperature profiles throughout the ground, casing, tube wall, and fluid are provided as a function of time. The fluid temperatures from and to the heat pump, as a function of time, are also provided. In addition to temperature information, detailed heat rate information at several locations as a function of time is determined. Heat rates between the heat pump and the building indoor environment, between the working fluid and the heat pump, and between the working fluid and the ground are computed. The heat rates between the ground and the working fluid are calculated as a function time and position along the ground loop. The heating and cooling loads of the building being fitted with a GSHP are determined with the computer program developed by DOE called ENERGYPLUS. Lastly COP (coefficient of performance) results as a function of time are provided. Both the two-dimensional and three-dimensional computer programs developed as part of this work are based upon a detailed finite volume solution of the energy equation for the ground and ground loop. Real heat pump characteristics are entered into the program and used to model the heat pump performance. Thus these computer tools simulate the coupled performance of the ground loop and the heat pump

  16. Recovery Act: Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James A Menart, Professor

    2013-02-22

    This report is a compilation of the work that has been done on the grant DE-EE0002805 entitled Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems. The goal of this project was to develop a detailed computer simulation tool for GSHP (ground source heat pump) heating and cooling systems. Two such tools were developed as part of this DOE (Department of Energy) grant; the first is a two-dimensional computer program called GEO2D and the second is a three-dimensional computer program called GEO3D. Both of these simulation tools provide an extensive array of results to the user. A unique aspect of both these simulation tools is the complete temperature profile information calculated and presented. Complete temperature profiles throughout the ground, casing, tube wall, and fluid are provided as a function of time. The fluid temperatures from and to the heat pump, as a function of time, are also provided. In addition to temperature information, detailed heat rate information at several locations as a function of time is determined. Heat rates between the heat pump and the building indoor environment, between the working fluid and the heat pump, and between the working fluid and the ground are computed. The heat rates between the ground and the working fluid are calculated as a function time and position along the ground loop. The heating and cooling loads of the building being fitted with a GSHP are determined with the computer program developed by DOE called ENERGYPLUS. Lastly COP (coefficient of performance) results as a function of time are provided. Both the two-dimensional and three-dimensional computer programs developed as part of this work are based upon a detailed finite volume solution of the energy equation for the ground and ground loop. Real heat pump characteristics are entered into the program and used to model the heat pump performance. Thus these computer tools simulate the coupled performance of the ground loop and the heat pump. The

  17. Anti-freezing performance research of dry type shell-tube heat exchanger for air source heat pump water chiller-heater unit%空气源热泵冷(热)水机组用干式壳管换热器防冻性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张龙爱; 陈忠杰; 王传华

    2012-01-01

    针对空气源热泵冷(热)水机组运行中可能出现的干式壳管换热器冻裂问题,分析其被冻裂的主要因素,并且对壳管换热器冻裂的关键因素——蒸发压力过低的原因进行分析.基于分析结果,对壳管换热器的设计进行改进,同时对低流量保护点进行试验验证.%Aiming at the frost-cracking problem of the dry type shell-tube heat exchanger for air source heat pump water chiller-heater unit, the main influencing factors are analyzed. The key reason of shell-tube heat exchanger frost-cracking is analyzed that is too low evaporating pressure. The design of shell-tube heat exchanger is improved based on the analysis results, and the limited flow rate for protection of flow switch is verified by the test.

  18. 喷气增焓空气源热泵热性能评价及预测%Thermal performance evaluation and prediction of enhanced vapor injection air source heat pump

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张东; 李金平; 刘伟; 南军虎; 王林军

    2014-01-01

    喷气增焓空气源热泵系统可显著提高系统低温性能,应用在寒冷地区时冬季环境温度普遍在−5℃以下,而且全年温度波动范围非常大,仅以名义工况(干球温度为7℃)评价系统性能,难以准确有效反映系统真实节能效果。为此在兰州地区建立了喷气增焓空气源热泵实验系统,实测不同环境温湿度条件下系统性能,结果表明系统COP在喷气电磁阀关闭时基本呈线性变化关系,瞬时COP可达6.5,在喷气电磁阀开启时COP衰减更为缓慢,瞬时COP在2.0左右;据此分段拟合出热泵COP的经验关联式,确定其适用范围,并进行实验验证,与本实验系统相比其平均相对误差在3%以内。%The enhanced vapor injection air source heat pump (EVI-ASHP) has better thermal performance at a low temperature, which has received much attention to supply hot water in cold region in recent years due to the growing space heating load and concern for environmental degradation. Environmental temperature is often below−5℃ in winter in cold region of China, and changes greatly throughout the year. Thus coefficient of performance (COP) under nominal working conditions (dry-bulb temperature of 7℃) is difficult to accurately reflect the actual energy-saving effect of the system. So, a set-up of EVI-ASHP system was built in Lanzhou, and thermal performance at different environmental temperatures and humidities was determined. COP of the EVI-ASHP system could reach above 6.5 when electromagnetic valve for vapor injection was off, and linear change of COP was observed. At a low temperature, when electromagnetic valve was on, COP was about 2.0. The fitting equations of the experimental data were obtained and verified, with average relative error below 3% compared with the experimental data from the set-up. An effective prediction method was established for thermal performance of the EVI-ASHP system at changeable environmental

  19. Heat-Powered Pump for Liquid Metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campana, R. J.

    1986-01-01

    Proposed thermoelectromagnetic pump for liquid metal powered by waste heat; needs no battery, generator, or other external energy source. Pump turns part of heat in liquid metal into pumping energy. In combination with primary pump or on its own, thermoelectric pump circulates coolant between reactor and radiator. As long as there is decay heat to be removed, unit performs function.

  20. Hydride heat pump with heat regenerator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jack A. (Inventor)

    1991-01-01

    A regenerative hydride heat pump process and system is provided which can regenerate a high percentage of the sensible heat of the system. A series of at least four canisters containing a lower temperature performing hydride and a series of at least four canisters containing a higher temperature performing hydride is provided. Each canister contains a heat conductive passageway through which a heat transfer fluid is circulated so that sensible heat is regenerated. The process and system are useful for air conditioning rooms, providing room heat in the winter or for hot water heating throughout the year, and, in general, for pumping heat from a lower temperature to a higher temperature.

  1. Optimization of systems with the combination of ground-source heat pump and solar collectors in dwellings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsson, Elisabeth; Hellström, Göran; Perers, Bengt

    2010-01-01

    The use of ground-source heat pumps for heating and domestic hot water in dwellings is common in Sweden. The combination with solar collectors has been introduced to reduce the electricity demand in the system. In order to analyze different systems with combinations of solar collectors and ground......-source heat pumps, computer simulations have been carried out with the simulation program TRNSYS. Large differences were found between the system alternatives. The optimal design is when solar heat produces domestic hot water during summertime and recharges the borehole during wintertime. The advantage...... is related to the rate of heat extraction from the borehole as well as the overall design of the system. The demand of electricity may increase with solar recharging, because of the increased operating time of the circulation pumps. Another advantage with solar heat in combination with heat pumps is when...

  2. Optimization and thermoeconomics research of a large reclaimed water source heat pump system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zi-ping; Du, Fang-hui

    2013-01-01

    This work describes a large reclaimed water source heat pump system (RWSHPS) and elaborates on the composition of the system and its design principles. According to the characteristics of the reclaimed water and taking into account the initial investment, the project is divided into two stages: the first stage adopts distributed heat pump heating system and the second adopts the combination of centralized and decentralized systems. We analyze the heating capacity of the RWSHPS, when the phase II project is completed, the system can provide hydronic heating water with the supply and return water temperature of 55°C/15°C and meet the hydronic heating demand of 8 million square meters of residential buildings. We make a thermal economics analysis by using Thermal Economics theory on RWSHPS and gas boiler system, it is known that the RWSHPS has more advantages, compared with the gas boiler heating system; both its thermal efficiency and economic efficiency are relatively high. It provides a reference for future applications of the RWSHPS.

  3. Impact factors on the long-term sustainability of Borehole Heat Exchanger coupled Ground Source Heat Pump System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Haibing; Hein, Philipp; Görke, Uwe-Jens; Bucher, Anke; Kolditz, Olaf

    2016-04-01

    In recent years, Ground Source Heat Pump System (GSHPS) has been recognized as an efficient technology to utilize shallow geothermal energy. Along with its wide application, some GSHPS are experiencing a gradual decrease in Borehole Heat Exchanger (BHE) outflow temperatures and thus have to be turned off after couple of years' operation. A comprehensive numerical investigation was then performed to model the flow and heat transport processes in and around the BHE, together with the dynamic change of heat pump efficiency. The model parameters were based on the soil temperature and surface weather condition in the Leipzig area. Different scenarios were modelled for a service life of 30 years, to reveal the evolution of BHE outflow and surrounding soil temperatures. It is found that lateral groundwater flow and using BHE for cooling will be beneficial to the energy recovery, along with the efficiency improvement of the heat pump. In comparison to other factors, the soil heat capacity and thermal conductivity are considered to have minor impact on the long-term sustainability of the system. Furthermore, the application of thermally enhanced grout material will improve the sustainability and efficiency. In contrast, it is very likely that undersized systems and improper grouting are the causes of strong system degradation.

  4. Heat pumps for the home

    CERN Document Server

    Cantor, John

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, heat pumps have emerged as a promising new form of technology with a relatively low environmental impact. Moreover, they have presented householders with an opportunity to reduce their heating bills. Heat pumps can heat a building by 'pumping' heat from either the ground or the air outside: an intriguing process which utilizes principles that are somewhat analogous to those employed in the domestic refrigerator. Armed with the practical information contained in these pages, homeowners will have the necessary knowledge to take advantage of this potentially low-carbon t

  5. Advanced heat pump cycle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Groll, E.A.; Radermacher, R.

    1993-07-01

    The desorption and absorption process of a vapor compression heat pump with a solution circuit (VCHSC) proceeds at gliding temperature intervals, which can be adjusted over a wide range. In case that the gliding temperature intervals in the desorber and the absorber overlap, a modification of the VCHSC employing a desorber/absorber heat exchange (DAHX) can be introduced, which results in an extreme reduction of the pressure ratio. Although the DAHX-cycle has features of a two-stage cycle, it still requires only one solution pump, one separator and one compressor. Such a cycle for the working pair ammonia/water is built in the Energy Laboratory of the Center for Environmental Energy Engineering at the University of Maryland. The experimental results obtained with the research plant are discussed and compared to those calculated with a simulation program. The possible temperature lift between heat source and heat sink depending on the achievable COP are presented.

  6. Potential of the heat pump; Potenziale der Waermepumpe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flade, F. [Bundesverband WaermePumpe (BWP) e.V., Muenchen (Germany)

    2005-07-01

    Heat pumps have been around for years. They are a mature and economically efficient heating technology which will reduce primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions quickly and sustainably. In 2002, 251,000 million l of heating oil and 289,000 million cubic metres of gas were consumed for heating in Germany, which might have been greatly reduced with heat pumps. At a seasonal performance factor of 4.5 as is common in groundwater and ground source heat pumps, heat pumps will produce 40 percent less CO2 than gas-fuelled high-efficiency boilers. At 'normal' values of 3.5 which are more or less standard values for air-to-water heat pumps, CO2 emissions will be reduced by 30 percent. The heat pump is an ecologically effective and economically efficient alternative to conventional heating systems. (orig.)

  7. 我国空调热泵相关产品市场发展状况简析%Analysis on the development situation of air-conditioning heat pump products in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓红; 张枫

    2014-01-01

    Based on the statistics of air-conditioning heat pump in China, this paper briefly introduces the development situation and the change tendency of the market of air-conditioning heat pump in recent years, including water ( ground ) source heat pump, air-source heat pump, absorption heat pump, gas engine driven heat pump, heat pump water heater ,analyzes the application problems of some products in the market, and points out the implementation of relevant national policies that will bring the vast development makert space to the air-conditioning heat pump.%根据对我国空调热泵相关产品的市场统计,简要介绍了近年来水地源热泵、空气源热泵、吸收式热泵、燃气热泵以及热泵热水机5类空调热泵产品的市场发展情况及变化趋势,对部分产品在市场应用中凸显出的问题进行了分析,并指出国家相关政策的实施将给空调热泵市场带来广阔的发展空间。

  8. Optimization analysis of high temperature heat pump coupling to desiccant wheel air conditioning system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sheng, Ying; Zhang, Yufeng; Fang, Lei

    2014-01-01

    The high temperature heat pump and desiccant wheel (HTHP&DW) system can make full use of heat released from the condenser of heat pump for DW regeneration without additional heat. In this study, DW operation in the HTHP&DW system was investigated experimentally, and the optimization analysis....... Compared to the isosteric heat, heat accumulation in the desiccant and matrix material and heat leakage from regeneration side to process side have greater influence on the adiabatic effectiveness. Higher regeneration temperature leads to lower adiabatic effectiveness that increases more cooling load...

  9. Regenerative Hydride Heat Pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jack A.

    1992-01-01

    Hydride heat pump features regenerative heating and single circulation loop. Counterflow heat exchangers accommodate different temperatures of FeTi and LaNi4.7Al0.3 subloops. Heating scheme increases efficiency.

  10. Life Cycle Assessment of Residential Heating and Cooling Systems in Minnesota A comprehensive analysis on life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and cost-effectiveness of ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems compared to the conventional gas furnace and air conditioner system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Mo

    Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) technologies for residential heating and cooling are often suggested as an effective means to curb energy consumption, reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and lower homeowners' heating and cooling costs. As such, numerous federal, state and utility-based incentives, most often in the forms of financial incentives, installation rebates, and loan programs, have been made available for these technologies. While GSHP technology for space heating and cooling is well understood, with widespread implementation across the U.S., research specific to the environmental and economic performance of these systems in cold climates, such as Minnesota, is limited. In this study, a comparative environmental life cycle assessment (LCA) is conducted of typical residential HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) systems in Minnesota to investigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for delivering 20 years of residential heating and cooling—maintaining indoor temperatures of 68°F (20°C) and 75°F (24°C) in Minnesota-specific heating and cooling seasons, respectively. Eight residential GSHP design scenarios (i.e. horizontal loop field, vertical loop field, high coefficient of performance, low coefficient of performance, hybrid natural gas heat back-up) and one conventional natural gas furnace and air conditioner system are assessed for GHG and life cycle economic costs. Life cycle GHG emissions were found to range between 1.09 × 105 kg CO2 eq. and 1.86 × 10 5 kg CO2 eq. Six of the eight GSHP technology scenarios had fewer carbon impacts than the conventional system. Only in cases of horizontal low-efficiency GSHP and hybrid, do results suggest increased GHGs. Life cycle costs and present value analyses suggest GSHP technologies can be cost competitive over their 20-year life, but that policy incentives may be required to reduce the high up-front capital costs of GSHPs and relatively long payback periods of more than 20 years. In addition

  11. Earliest Deadline Control of a Group of Heat Pumps with a Single Energy Source

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiří Fink

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we develop and investigate the optimal control of a group of 104 heat pumps and a central Combined Heat and Power unit (CHP. The heat pumps supply space heating and domestic hot water to households. Each house has a buffer for domestic hot water and a floor heating system for space heating. Electricity for the heat pumps is generated by a central CHP unit, which also provides thermal energy to a district heating system. The paper reviews recent smart grid control approaches for central and distributed levels. An online algorithm is described based on the earliest deadline first theory that can be used on the aggregator level to control the CHP and to give signals to the heat pump controllers if they should start or should wait. The central controller requires only a limited amount of privacy-insensitive information from the heat pump controllers about their deadlines, which the heat pump controllers calculate for themselves by model predictions. In this way, a robust heat pump and CHP control is obtained, which is able to minimize energy demand and results in the desired thermal comfort for the households. The simulations demonstrate fast computation times due to minor computational and communication overheads.

  12. System simulation for an untreated sewage source heat pump (USSHP) in winter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Na; Hao, Peng Z.

    2017-01-01

    The paper discusses the system characteristics of an untreated sewage source heat pump in winter. In this system, the sewage enters into the evaporator directly. The variable parameters to control the system contain the sewage temperature at evaporator inlet and the water temperature at condenser inlet. It is found that most parameters, except the condensation heat transfer coefficient, change in the form of sine wave the same as the sewage temperature at inlet. The heating load and consumed power are 12.9kW and 3.45kW when the sewage temperature at inlet is 13°C. COP is about 3.75 in the range of the sewage temperature at inlet of 12-13°C.

  13. Field evaluation of advanced controls for the retrofit of packaged air conditioners and heat pumps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Weimin; Katipamula, Srinivas; Ngo, Hung; Underhill, Ronald M.; Taasevigen, Danny J.; Lutes, Robert G.

    2015-09-01

    This paper documents the magnitude of energy savings achievable in the field by retrofitting existing packaged rooftop units (RTUs) with advanced control strategies not ordinarily used for RTUs. A total of 66 RTUs on 8 different buildings were retrofitted with a commercially available advanced controller for improving RTU operational efficiency. The controller features enhanced air-side economizer control, multi-speed fan control, and demand controlled ventilation. Of the 66 RTUs, 18 are packaged heat pumps and the rest are packaged air conditioners with gas heat. The eight buildings cover four building types and four climate conditions. Based on the data collected for about a whole year, the advanced controller reduced the normalized annual RTU energy consumption between 22% and 90%, with an average of 57% for all RTUs. The average fractional savings uncertainty was 12% at 95% confidence level. Normalized annual electricity savings were in the range between 0.47 kWh/h (kWh per hour of RTU operation) and 7.21 kWh/h, with an average of 2.39 kWh/h. RTUs greater than 53 kW and runtime greater than 14 hours per day had payback periods less than 3 years even at $0.05/kWh.

  14. Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Final Scientific/Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nick Rosenberry, Harris Companies

    2012-05-04

    A large centralized geothermal heat pump system was installed to provide ice making, space cooling, space heating, process water heating, and domestic hot water heating for an ice arena in Eagan Minnesota. This paper provides information related to the design and construction of the project. Additionally, operating conditions for 12 months after start-up are provided.

  15. Air-to-Water Heat Pumps With Radiant Delivery in Low-Load Homes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Backman, C. [Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI), Davis, CA (United States); German, A. [Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI), Davis, CA (United States); Dakin, B. [Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI), Davis, CA (United States); Springer, D. [Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI), Davis, CA (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Space conditioning represents nearly 50% of average residential household energy consumption, highlighting the need to identify alternative cost-effective, energy-efficient cooling and heating strategies. As homes are better built, there is an increasing need for strategies that are particularly well suited for high performance, low load homes. ARBI researchers worked with two test homes in hot-dry climates to evaluate the in-situ performance of air-to-water heat pump systems, an energy efficient space conditioning solution designed to cost-effectively provide comfort in homes with efficient, safe, and durable operation. Two monitoring projects of test houses in hot-dry climates were initiated in 2010 to test this system. Both systems were fully instrumented and have been monitored over one year to capture complete performance data over the cooling and heating seasons. Results are used to quantify energy savings, cost-effectiveness, and system performance using different operating modes and strategies. A calibrated TRNSYS model was developed and used to evaluate performance in various climate regions. This strategy is most effective in tight, insulated homes with high levels of thermal mass (i.e. exposed slab floors).

  16. Air-to-Water Heat Pumps With Radiant Delivery in Low-Load Homes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Backman, C.; German, A.; Dakin, B.; Springer, D.

    2013-12-01

    Space conditioning represents nearly 50% of average residential household energy consumption, highlighting the need to identify alternative cost-effective, energy-efficient cooling and heating strategies. As homes are better built, there is an increasing need for strategies that are particularly well suited for high performance, low load homes. ARBI researchers worked with two test homes in hot-dry climates to evaluate the in-situ performance of air-to-water heat pump (AWHP) systems, an energy efficient space conditioning solution designed to cost-effectively provide comfort in homes with efficient, safe, and durable operation. Two monitoring projects of test houses in hot-dry climates were initiated in 2010 to test this system. Both systems were fully instrumented and have been monitored over one year to capture complete performance data over the cooling and heating seasons. Results are used to quantify energy savings, cost-effectiveness, and system performance using different operating modes and strategies. A calibrated TRNSYS model was developed and used to evaluate performance in various climate regions. This strategy is most effective in tight, insulated homes with high levels of thermal mass (i.e. exposed slab floors).

  17. Hybrid Ground-Source Heat Pump Installations: Experiences, Improvements, and Tools

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scott Hackel; Amanda Pertzborn

    2011-06-30

    One innovation to ground-source heat pump (GSHP, or GHP) systems is the hybrid GSHP (HyGSHP) system, which can dramatically decrease the first cost of GSHP systems by using conventional technology (such as a cooling tower or a boiler) to meet a portion of the peak heating or cooling load. This work uses three case studies (two cooling-dominated, one heating-dominated) to demonstrate the performance of the hybrid approach. Three buildings were studied for a year; the measured data was used to validate models of each system. The models were used to analyze further improvements to the hybrid approach, and establish that this approach has positive impacts, both economically and environmentally. Lessons learned by those who design and operate the systems are also documented, including discussions of equipment sizing, pump operation, and cooling tower control. Finally, the measured data sets and models that were created during this work are described; these materials have been made freely available for further study of hybrid systems.

  18. Flow characteristics of the raw sewage for the design of sewage-source heat pump systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ying; Wu, Yuebin; Sun, Qiang

    2014-01-01

    The flow characteristics of raw sewage directly affect the technical and economic performance of sewage-source heat pump systems. The purpose of this research is to characterize the flow characteristics of sewage by experimental means. A sophisticated and flexible experimental apparatus was designed and constructed. Then the flow characteristics of the raw sewage were studied through laboratorial testing and theoretical analyses. Results indicated that raw sewage could be characterized as a power-law fluid with the rheological exponent n being 0.891 and the rheological coefficient k being 0.00175. In addition, the frictional loss factor formula in laminar flow for raw sewage was deduced by theoretical analysis of the power-law fluid. Furthermore, an explicit empirical formula for the frictional loss factor in turbulent flow was obtained through curve fitting of the experimental data. Finally, the equivalent viscosity of the raw sewage is defined in order to calculate the Reynolds number in turbulent flow regions; it was found that sewage had two to three times the viscosity of water at the same temperature. These results contributed to appropriate parameters of fluid properties when designing and operating sewage-source heat pump systems.

  19. Solar Assisted Ground Source Heat Pump Performance in Nearly Zero Energy Building in Baltic Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Januševičius, Karolis; Streckienė, Giedrė

    2013-12-01

    In near zero energy buildings (NZEB) built in Baltic countries, heat production systems meet the challenge of large share domestic hot water demand and high required heating capacity. Due to passive solar design, cooling demand in residential buildings also needs an assessment and solution. Heat pump systems are a widespread solution to reduce energy use. A combination of heat pump and solar thermal collectors helps to meet standard requirements and increases the share of renewable energy use in total energy balance of country. The presented paper describes a simulation study of solar assisted heat pump systems carried out in TRNSYS. The purpose of this simulation was to investigate how the performance of a solar assisted heat pump combination varies in near zero energy building. Results of three systems were compared to autonomous (independent) systems simulated performance. Different solar assisted heat pump design solutions with serial and parallel solar thermal collector connections to the heat pump loop were modelled and a passive cooling possibility was assessed. Simulations were performed for three Baltic countries: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

  20. Characterization of Site for Installing Open Loop Ground Source Heat Pump System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yun, S. W.; Park, Y.; Lee, J. Y.; Yi, M. J.; Cha, J. H.

    2014-12-01

    This study was conducted to understand hydrogeological properties of site where open loop ground source heat pump system will be installed and operated. Groundwater level and water temperature were hourly measured at the well developed for usage of open loop ground source heat pump system from 11 October 2013 to 8 January 2014. Groundwater was sampled in January and August 2013 and its chemical and isotopic compositions were analyzed. The bedrock of study area is the Jurassic granodiorite that mainly consists of quartz (27.9 to 46.8%), plagioclase (26.0 to 45.5%), and alkali feldspar (9.5 to 18.7%). The groundwater level ranged from 68.30 to 68.94 m (above mean sea level). Recharge rate was estimated using modified watertable fluctuation method and the recharge ratios was 9.1%. The water temperature ranged from 14.8 to 15.0oC. The vertical Increase rates of water temperature were 1.91 to 1.94/100 m. The water temperature showed the significant seasonal variation above 50 m depth, but had constant value below 50 m depth. Therefore, heat energy of the groundwater can be used securely in open loop ground source heat pump system. Electrical conductivity ranged from 120 to 320 µS/cm in dry season and from 133 to 310 µS/cm in wet season. The electrical conductivity gradually decreased with depth. In particular, electrical conductivity in approximately 30 m depth decreased dramatically (287 to 249 µS/cm) in wet season. The groundwater was Ca-HCO3 type. The concentrations of dissolved components did not show the vertically significant variations from 0 to 250 m depth. The δ18O and δD ranged from -9.5 to -9.4‰ and from -69 to -68‰. This work is supported by the New and Renewable Energy of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government Ministry of Knowledge Economy (No.20123040110010).

  1. 暖通空调设计中地源热泵的运用%The Use of Ground Source Heat Pump in HVAC Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜志宏; 陈昀; 米泉龄; 尤炜

    2011-01-01

    地源热泵的能量来源是由各种资源所提供,主要包括了地源、水源、空气源等,当这些能量集中到一起之后能够与建筑物供冷供热的热泵技术想结合,由此处理成为城市供冷供暖的最佳方式.本文结合工程案例针对暖通空调设计中地源热泵问题进行了多方面的研究.%The energy sources of ground source heat pump are provided by various resources, including ground source, water source, air source, and others. When these energy is concentrated together, it can combine with cooling and heating heat pump technology of building, which became the best way to deal with urban cooling and heating. In this paper, the problems of ground source heat pump in design for HVAC are analyzed from many aspects with the projects.

  2. Air/water heat pumps in older buildings. Energy conservation in a stock; Luft/Wasser-Waermepumpen im Altbau. Energiesparen im Bestand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bauknecht, Steffen [Mitsubishi Electric, Ratingen (Germany)

    2010-02-15

    Due to the technical development, nowadays it is possible to heat older buildings which are not insulated thermally subsequently with monovalent air/water heat pumps. For example, in Bonn-Oberkassel (Federal Republic of Germany) a nearly one hundred year old art nouveau mansion is supplied with apartment warmth and warm water by means of two air/water heat pumps. The economical heat supply as well as the small structural expenditure decided to use this technology.

  3. Exergy, Economic and Environmental Analyses of Gas Turbine Inlet Air Cooling with a Heat Pump Using a Novel System Configuration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Majdi Yazdi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Gas turbines incur a loss of output power during hot seasons due to high ambient air temperatures, and input air cooling systems are often used to partly offset this problem. Here, results are reported for an investigation of the utilization of a heat pump to cool the inlet air of a gas turbine compressor. The analyses are carried out for two climates: the city of Yazd, Iran, which has a hot, arid climate, and Tehran, Iran, which has a temperate climate. The heat pump input power is obtained from the gas turbine. The following parameters are determined, with and without the heat pump: net output power, first and second law efficiencies, quantities and costs of environmental pollutants, entropy generation and power generation. The results suggest that, by using the air-inlet cooling system, the mean output power increases during hot seasons by 11.5% and 10% for Yazd and Tehran, respectively, and that the costs of power generation (including pollution costs decrease by 11% and 10% for Yazd and Tehran, respectively. Also, the rate of generation of pollutants such as NOx and CO decrease by about 10% for Yazd and 35% for Tehran, while the average annual entropy generation rate increases by 9% for Yazd and 7% for Tehran, through air-inlet cooling. The average increase of the system first law efficiency is 2% and of the system second law efficiency is 1.5% with the inlet-air cooling system.

  4. Geothermal(Ground-Source)Heat Pumps: Market Status, Barriers to Adoption, and Actions to Overcome Barriers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hughes, Patrick [ORNL

    2008-12-01

    More effective stewardship of our resources contributes to the security, environmental sustainability, and economic well-being of the nation. Buildings present one of the best opportunities to economically reduce energy consumption and limit greenhouse gas emissions. Geothermal heat pumps (GHPs), sometimes called ground-source heat pumps, have been proven capable of producing large reductions in energy use and peak demand in buildings. However, GHPs have received little attention at the policy level as an important component of a national strategy. Have policymakers mistakenly overlooked GHPs, or are GHPs simply unable to make a major contribution to the national goals for various reasons? This brief study was undertaken at DOE's request to address this conundrum. The scope of the study includes determining the status of global GHP markets and the status of the GHP industry and technology in the United States, assembling previous estimates of GHP energy savings potential, identifying key barriers to application of GHPs, and identifying actions that could accelerate market adoption of GHPs. The findings are documented in this report along with conclusions and recommendations.

  5. Optimized ground coupled heat pump mechanical package

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Catan, M.A.

    1984-01-01

    The system which was optimized was a horizontal earth coil in a given house in the Pittsburgh area. The types of components used in the heat pump are essentially conventional. The method of this study is derived from one used to optimize an air-source heat pump for operation at standard steady state conditions. A computer model, created at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), is used to predict heat pump performance for specified configuration and operating conditions. A predetermined set of design parameters is automatically altered by a constrained minimization program (a Numerical Algorithms Group library routine hereafter referred to as the optimizer) to find the combination for which the highest COP is predicted by the heat pump model. In the present study, the set of parameters to be varied include some pertaining to the ground coil as well as some pertaining to the heat pump. The optimizer, in this case, pursues a minimum life cycle cost which is calculated using the heat pump model, a ground coil model (called FTECM for Fast Transient Earth Coil model), and a parameterized cost model. The flow chart shows how the optimizer interacts with these programs to minimize life cycle cost.

  6. 地源热泵的应用与技术性分析%Application and Technical Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pumps

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘孝刚

    2015-01-01

    Ground source heat pump is a shallow underground resources of both cooling and heating functions heat pump system. The unit has the advantages of easy maintenance, energy saving, no secondary environment pollution. Taking a ground source heat pump works as a technical analysis examples, the number of options the air conditioning units were analyzed and compared. The development prospects of ground-source heat pump system were discussed.%地源热泵是一种利用地下浅层资源兼有制冷制热功能的热泵空调系统,其机组维护方便、节能环保,对环境没有二次污染。文中通过对地源热泵工程实例的技术性分析,对多个方案的空调机组进行了分析比较,对地源热泵系统的发展前景进行了展望。

  7. 多功能地源热泵机组的节能性分析%Energy-saving Analysis on Multifunction Ground Source Heat Pump Unit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹永存; 曾庆新

    2014-01-01

    According to the requirements of cooling, heating and hot-water for villa project in Zhengzhou, the advantages and disadvantages of the two kinds of air-conditioning system are compared, those are household air-conditioning unit plus heat-pump water heater, and multifunction ground source heat pump unit. And its energy-saving is analyzed.%结合郑州某别墅工程对供冷、供暖、热水的需求,对比了两种不同空调系统:户式空调机组+热泵热水器,和多功能地源热泵机组性能的优劣;并进行了节能性分析。

  8. Intelligence on the second stage. 'Air-On' plus air/water heat pump. Cheap air conditioning technology; Intelligenz der zweiten Stufe. 'Air-On' plus Luft/Wasser-Waermepumpe. Preiswerte Raumklimatechnik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Genath, Bernd

    2011-07-15

    It is hard to believe: The heating technique still holds thoughtful surprises. Based on the idea and based on the physics of the heating technology, the company Air-On AG (Cham, Switzerland). For the renovation of old buildings, this company used a second stage of a heat pump to replace old heaters. This second stage is a Peltier element and exclusively tempers a individual room decentrally. The second stage has a better coefficiency of performance than the first stage such as an air / water heat pump.

  9. 太阳能辅助地源热泵供暖实验研究%Experimental study of a solar assisted ground source heat pump for heating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵忠超; 丰威仙; 巩学梅; 米浩君; 成华; 云龙

    2014-01-01

    An experimental study is performed to determine the performance of the solar assisted ground source heat pump(SAGSHP)by using a solar-ground source heat pump hybrid system in the city of Ningbo. The result shows that comparing with the ground source heat pump(GSHP),when the ratio of solar energy to the whole en-ergy is 41. 9% ,the coefficient of performance( COP)of the heat pump and system can improve 15. 1% and 7. 7% respectively. Therefore,the solar assisted ground source heat pump has a significant performance advan-tage according to the experimental result.%选取宁波某公用建筑的太阳能-地源热泵复合系统为实验系统,对太阳能辅助地源热泵( solar assisted ground source heat pump,SAGSHP)供暖进行了实验研究.研究结果表明:与单一的地源热泵(ground source heat pump,GSHP)相比,当太阳能承担41.9%负荷时,热泵机组和整个系统的能效比(coefficient of performance,COP)分别提高了15.1%和7.7%, SAGSHP 供暖运行模式具有明显的性能优势.

  10. 污水源热泵技术应用%The sewage-source heat pump technology application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永清; 那威

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduced the typical sewage-source heat pump system engineering at home and abroad,analyzed the advantages and dis-advantages of sewage-source heat pump system,and elaborated four principles promotion of sewage-source heat pump technology,conducive to the popularization and application and continuous development of the technology in our country.%对国内外典型的污水源热泵系统工程进行了介绍,分析了污水源热泵系统的优缺点,并阐述了推广污水源热泵技术应遵循的四项原则,有利于该技术在我国的推广应用与不断发展。

  11. IMPACT OF GEOTHERMAL GRADIENT ON GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEM MODELING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomislav Kurevija

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available ndisturbed ground temperature is one of the most crucial thermogeological parameters needed for shallow geothermal resources assessment. Energy considered to be geothermal is energy stored in the ground at depths where solar radiation has no effect. At depth where undisturbed ground temperature occurs there is no influence of seasonal variations in air temperature from surface. Exact temperature value, and depth where it occurs, is functionally dependent on surface climate parameters and thermogeologic properties of ground. After abovementioned depth, increase of ground temperature is solely dependent on geothermal gradient. Accurately determined value of undisturbed ground temperature is beneficial for proper sizing of borehole heat exchangers. On practical example of building which is being heated and cooled with shallow geothermal resource, influences of undisturbed ground temperature and geothermal gradient, on size of borehole heat exchanger are going to be presented. Sizing of borehole heat exchanger was calculated with commercial software Ground Loop Designer (GLD, which uses modified line source and cylinder source solutions of heat conduction in solids.

  12. Heat pumps at the maltings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-11-01

    Heat pumps have halved the energy costs of producing finished malt at two of the country's maltsters. The fuel-fired kilning processes described are now performed by heat pumps with considerable energy and production benefits at the maltings of J.P. Simpson and Co. (Alnwick) Ltd, in Tivetshall St Margaret, Norfolk, and of Munton and Fison Plc of Stowmarket, Suffolk. The heat pump system installed at the Station Malting of J.P. Simpson was devised by the Electricity Council Research Centre at Capenhurst near Chester. Energy cost benefits of Pound 6,000 a month are being realised at Simpsons, but there is the added benefit that the system has been designed to provide conditioned air to the germination cycle to ensure that the correct temperature is maintained throughout the year. At the Cedars factory of Munton and Fison, heat pumps were used on a trial basis for plant micropropagation and for a fish farming unit.

  13. Nonazeotropic Heat Pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ealker, David H.; Deming, Glenn

    1991-01-01

    Heat pump collects heat from water circulating in heat-rejection loop, raises temperature of collected heat, and transfers collected heat to water in separate pipe. Includes sealed motor/compressor with cooling coils, evaporator, and condenser, all mounted in outer housing. Gradients of temperature in evaporator and condenser increase heat-transfer efficiency of vapor-compression cycle. Intended to recover relatively-low-temperature waste heat and use it to make hot water.

  14. 地源热泵技术的概念及应用%The Concept and Application of Ground Source Heat Pump Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程应欣

    2014-01-01

    Ground source heat pump is a new air conditioning heating method which features high efficiency, energy saving and environmental protection. The application of ground source heat pump technology facilitates the solvement of two major problems: energy crisis and environmental pol ution and thus brings opportunity of sustainable development of China. The development of ground source heat pump in China has a vast prospect. This paper starts with the origin of ground source heat pump, and then combines with analysis of its development both in China and abroad so as to put forward opinions and sug-gestions for the development of ground source heat pump technology in China.%地源热泵是一种集高效、节能、环保、有利于可持续发展于一身的新型空调采暖方式,地源热泵技术的应用有利于解决能源危机和环境污染这两个困扰中国发展的重大问题,进而为中国的可持续发展带来了契机,地源热泵在中国有广阔的发展前景。从地源热泵的由来入手,结合国内外地源热泵发展情况的分析,得出地源热泵的特点,从而为中国发展地源热泵技术提出了意见和建议。

  15. Crawl space assisted heat pump. [using stored ground heat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ternes, M. P.

    1980-01-01

    A variety of experiments and simulations, currently being designed or underway, to determine the feasibility of conditioning the source air of an air to air heat pump using stored ground heat or cool to produce higher seasonal COP's and net energy savings are discussed. The ground would condition ambient air as it is drawn through the crawl space of a house. Tests designed to evaluate the feasibility of the concept, to determine the amount of heat or cool available from the ground, to study the effect of the system on the heating and cooling loads of the house, to study possible mechanisms which could enhance heat flow through the ground, and to determine if diurnal temperature swings are necessary to achieve successful system performance are described.

  16. The Application Advantage of Heat-source-tower Heat Pump in Hot Summer and Cold Winter Area%热源塔热泵在夏热冬暖地区的应用优势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许国强; 黄德祥; 张旭东

    2016-01-01

    The heat-source-tower heat pump technology is briefly introduced in this paper,comparative analyzed the heat-source-tower heat pump technology and the traditional heating in hot summer and warm winter area,it believe that the heat-source-tower heat pump technology has advantage application in the hot summer and warm winter area,it has the lowest cost in the whole life cycle,is a kind of new heat pump air conditioning system which is a energy saving and environmental protection type.%本文对热源塔热泵技术作了简要介绍,将热源塔热泵技术与夏热冬暖地区传统空调供暖方式进行比较分析,认为热源塔热泵技术在夏热冬暖地区有其应用优势,全寿命周期内费用最低,运行稳定,是一种新的节能、环保类热泵空调形式。

  17. Residential heat pumps in the future Danish energy system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petrovic, Stefan; Karlsson, Kenneth Bernard

    2016-01-01

    Denmark is striving towards 100% renewable energy system in 2050. Residential heat pumps are expected to be a part of that system.We propose two novel approaches to improve the representation of residential heat pumps: Coefficients of performance (COPs) are modelled as dependent on air and ground...... temperature while installation of ground-source heat pumps is constrained by available ground area. In this study, TIMES-DK model is utilised to test the effects of improved modelling of residential heat pumps on the Danish energy system until 2050.The analysis of the Danish energy system was done...... for politically agreed targets which include: at least 50% of electricity consumption from wind power starting from 2020, fossil fuel free heat and power sector from 2035 and 100% renewable energy system starting from 2050. Residential heat pumps supply around 25% of total residential heating demand after 2035...

  18. Air cooled heat pumps with mono-screw compressors. A good alternative; Luchtgekoelde warmtepompen met mono-schroefcompressoren. Een goed alternatief

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meijer, W. [Daikin Airconditioning Netherlands, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2010-09-15

    Heat pumps are becoming increasingly popular. Often water/water heat pumps are used that are linked to heat/cold storage systems or another source system. The air-cooled alternatives are advancing in house construction and are also applied in small-scale utility and schools sometimes. In the larger utility projects and the industry, however, the air-cooled heat pump has not quite yet found its way, while it can be a good alternative for the heat/cold storage systems that are much more expensive to purchase. This is due to new compressor techniques. [Dutch] Warmtepompen worden steeds populairder. Veelal wordt gebruikgemaakt van water/water-warmtepompen, die gekoppeld worden aan een koude/warmte-opslagsysteem (KWO) of ander bronsysteem. De luchtgekoelde alternatieven zijn in de woningbouw in opmars en worden soms ook in kleinschalige utiliteit en scholen toegepast. In de grotere utiliteitsprojecten en industrie heeft de luchtgekoelde warmtepomp echter zijn weg nog niet echt gevonden, terwijl het een goed alternatief kan zijn voor de in aanschaf veel duurdere KWO-systemen. Dit mede dankzij nieuwe compressortechnieken.

  19. Maldistribution in air-water heat pump evaporators. Part 2: Economic analysis of counteracting technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mader, Gunda; Palm, Björn; Elmegaard, Brian

    2015-01-01

    In this study a methodology is applied to quantify the effect of evaporator maldistributionon operating costs of airewater heat pumps. The approach is used to investigate the cost-effectivenessof two technologies enabling to counteract maldistribution: a flash gasbypass setup and the individual...

  20. Lunar Base Heat Pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, D.; Fischbach, D.; Tetreault, R.

    1996-01-01

    The objective of this project was to investigate the feasibility of constructing a heat pump suitable for use as a heat rejection device in applications such as a lunar base. In this situation, direct heat rejection through the use of radiators is not possible at a temperature suitable for lde support systems. Initial analysis of a heat pump of this type called for a temperature lift of approximately 378 deg. K, which is considerably higher than is commonly called for in HVAC and refrigeration applications where heat pumps are most often employed. Also because of the variation of the rejection temperature (from 100 to 381 deg. K), extreme flexibility in the configuration and operation of the heat pump is required. A three-stage compression cycle using a refrigerant such as CFC-11 or HCFC-123 was formulated with operation possible with one, two or three stages of compression. Also, to meet the redundancy requirements, compression was divided up over multiple compressors in each stage. A control scheme was devised that allowed these multiple compressors to be operated as required so that the heat pump could perform with variable heat loads and rejection conditions. A prototype heat pump was designed and constructed to investigate the key elements of the high-lift heat pump concept. Control software was written and implemented in the prototype to allow fully automatic operation. The heat pump was capable of operation over a wide range of rejection temperatures and cooling loads, while maintaining cooling water temperature well within the required specification of 40 deg. C +/- 1.7 deg. C. This performance was verified through testing.

  1. Efficiency of Vertical Geothermal Heat Exchangers in the Ground Source Heat Pump System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Heyi Zeng; Nairen Diao; Zhaohong Fang

    2003-01-01

    Taking the fluid temperature distribution along the borehole depth into account, a new quasi-three-dimensional model for vertical ground heat exchangers has been established, which provides a better understanding of the heat transfer processes in the geothermal heat exchangers. On this basis the efficiency of the borehole has been defined and its analytical expression derived. Comparison with the previous two-dimensional model shows that the quasi-three-dimensional model is more rational and more accurate to depict the practical feature of the conduction of geothermal heat exchanger, and the efficiency notion can be easily used to determine the inlet and outlet temperature of the circulating fluid inside the heat exchanger.

  2. Commercialization of air conditioning heat pump/water heater. Final technical report, Volume 2: Appendix A through E

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-01-30

    This is the final technical report on a commercialization project for an air conditioning heat pump water heater. The objective of the project was to produce a saleable system which would be economically competitive with natural gas and cost effective with regard to initial cost versus annual operating costs. The development and commercialization of the system is described. Compiled data included in numerous figures, tables and graphs.

  3. Discussion on the Ground Source Heat Pump Pechnology%浅谈地源热泵技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐游洋; 辛立民

    2015-01-01

    The ground source heat pump system is the use of shallow geothermal heating and cooling system can be used in a new type of energy. Efficient use of ground source heat pump technology offers cold energy to the building, in order to meet a variety of building functions, for easy, fast and comfortable en-vironment is the goal of ground source heat pump technology. In order to solve the problem of building energy consumption is too serious, the best way is to research more new and renewable en-ergy, so as to achieve the purpose of building energy efficiency. This paper details the principle of ground source heat pump tech-nology, as well as ground-source heat pump classification and characteristics, and prospects of its development prospects.%地源热泵系统是利用浅层地能进行供热制冷的新型能源所使用的系统。高效利用地源热泵技术提供给建筑的冷热能量,以满足建筑的各种使用功能,实现方便、快捷、舒适的环境,是地源热泵技术实现的目标。为了解决建筑耗能过于严重的问题,最好的办法就是更多地去研究新的可再生能源,从而达到建筑节能的目的。本文主要详细阐述了地源热泵技术的原理,以及地源热泵的分类及其特点,并展望其发展前景。

  4. Optimization design and compare of different solar-ground source heat pump system of office building in cold regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, H.; He, S.; Fu, Y.

    2016-08-01

    This paper presents two different operation modes of Solar-Ground Source Heat Pump System (SGSHP(S)). With the simulation tool TRNSYS, two different SGSHP system models were built to taking simulation. After making analysis and compare of different simulation results, series operation mode was believed to be better than parallel in the target building.

  5. On the Technology of Ground Source Heat Pump%浅谈地源热泵技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈东升

    2012-01-01

    The concept of ground source heat pump technology is described. The working principle and classification, the composition of ground source heat pump is introduced. The characteristics and actual application of ground source heat pump is analyzed. It is pointed out that the ground source heat pump which is a renewable energy has broad developing and applying prospects in energy saving and exhaustion-reducing, environmental protection, sustainable development in our country.%阐述地源热泵技术的概念。介绍地源热泵系统的组成部分、工作原理和分类,分析地源热泵系统的特点和实际应用情况。提出地源热泵这种可再生能源在我国节能降耗、生态环保、可持续发展中具有广阔的发展和应用前景。

  6. Ground source heat pump technology in colleges and universities to explore application%地源热泵技术在高校的探索应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚伟申

    2011-01-01

    Focuses on the Nanjing Railway,Suzhou Vocational and Technical College Campus Library case of ground-source heat pump systems engineering and operational effectiveness analysis that the ground-source heat pump air-conditioning and domestic water in the school application is feasible,energy-efficient,economy is also clear is worthy of dissemination and application.%介绍了南京铁道职业技术学院苏州校区图书馆地源热泵系统工程案例及运行效果分析,认为土壤源热泵在学校空调及生活用水的应用是可行的、节能的,经济性也是明显的,值得推广应用.

  7. Chiral Brownian heat pump

    OpenAIRE

    Van Den Broek, Martijn; Van Den Broeck, Christian

    2007-01-01

    We present the exact analysis of a chiral Brownian motor and heat pump. Optimization of the construction predicts, for a nanoscale device, frequencies of the order of kHz and cooling rates of the order of femtojoule per second.

  8. Chiral brownian heat pump.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Broek, M; Van den Broeck, C

    2008-04-04

    We present the exact analysis of a chiral Brownian motor and heat pump. Optimization of the construction predicts, for a nanoscale device, frequencies of the order of kHz and cooling rates of the order of femtojoule per second.

  9. Application on Ground Source Heat Pump in Urumqi%地源热泵在乌鲁木齐的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭亮

    2016-01-01

    地源热泵技术就是充分利用地热能的一种可再生能源的高效、节能、环保型工程系统。阐述地源热泵技术的工作原理,并以新疆电力科学研究院地源热泵工程系统为例,通过运用对季节系统能效比和能源利用系数的计算,分析了地源热泵系统的节能优势;通过与传统燃煤锅炉对环境影响的对比,分析了地源热泵在环境保护方面的优势。通过分析得出,地源热泵系统在主要靠燃煤锅炉供热的乌鲁木齐推广很有意义,可以替代传统的燃煤锅炉,减少原煤的使用,减少污染物的排放,对解决乌鲁木齐冬季空气污染起到很好的作用。%Ground source heat pump technology is a kind of high efficiency, energy saving and environmental protec-tion engineering system of renewable en-ergy sources by the use of geothermal energy. In the study, operating principle of ground source heat pump technology was expounded, ground source heat pump engineering system of Xinjiang electric power research institute was tak-en as an example. Energy-saving advan-tages of ground-source heat pump system was analyzed by the calculation of ener-gy ratio and seasonal system energy effi-ciency ratio. The results showed that there was an important significance on the promotion of ground-source heat pump system in Urumqi. At present, the major heat addition system of Urumqi was still coal-fired boiler, the application of ground-source heat pump system could reduce the use of raw coal and the emissions of pollutants, which had a pos-itive influence on the solution of air pol-lution in winter in Urumqi.

  10. Numerical simulation of seepage flow field in groundwater source heat pump system and its influence on temperature field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jihua HU; Yanjun ZHANG; Danyan DU; Gang WU; Ziwang YU; Chen WANG; Fuquan NI

    2008-01-01

    Energy utilization in the aquifers is a new technology closely related to development of heat pump technique. It is significant for the flow distribution to be predicted in the aquifer surrounding the Groundwater Source Heat Pump System (GSHPS). The authors presented a new concept of "flow transfixion" by analyzing general features of aquifers, and then discussed interaction of the flow transfixion with the heat transfixion, which has practical significance to projects. A numerical model of groundwater flow was established based on the basic tenets of water-heat transferring in the aquifer. On this basis the flow field and the temperature field of GSHPS for a site in Shenyang City were numerically simulated. The basis of the flow transfixion was obtained; it was discussed for the influence of the flow transfixion on the heat transfixion. To a certain extent, the study offers some reference for the projects' design of GSHP in the studied area.

  11. 重庆地区地表水地源热泵系统冬季供暖工程应用%Engineering application of surface water source heat pump for winter heating in Chongqing area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢军; 黄俊杰; 廖兴中

    2013-01-01

    Tests the heating operating conditions of five surface water source heat pump projects in Chongqing area,and compares them with those of the air source heat pump and boiler heating mode.The results show that the heating coefficient of performance (COP) of the river water source heat pump unit reaches 2.8 to 5.3 and the heating energy efficiency ratio (EER) reaches 2.7 to 4.3,and the COP and EER of the lake water source heat pump system reach 4.4 and 3.0 respectively; the indoor temperature and relative humidity can be maintained about 20℃ and above 40% respectively; the improving rates in energy efficiency of a surface water source heat pump system for winter heating are respectively 8.0% to 72.0%and 18.0% to 87.9% compared with the air source heat pump and boiler heating,and energy saving is significant.%以重庆地区5个地表水地源热泵项目为例,对其冬季供暖运行工况进行了实测,并与空气源热泵和锅炉供暖进行了比较.结果表明,江水源热泵系统的机组制热性能系数COP和系统制热能效比EER分别能达到2.8~5.3和2.7~4.3,湖水源热泵系统的COP和EER分别能达到4.4和3.0,并且室内温度和相对湿度分别能保持在20℃左右和40%以上;相比于空气源热泵和锅炉供暖,地表水地源热泵系统冬季供暖的能效提高率分别达到了8.0%~72.0%和18.0%~87.9%,节能显著.

  12. Carbon-ammonia pairs for adsorption refrigeration applications: ice making, air conditioning and heat pumping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tamainot-Telto, Z.; Metcalf, S.J.; Critoph, R.E.; Zhong, Y.; Thorpe, R. [School of Engineering, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hall Road, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

    2009-09-15

    A thermodynamic cycle model is used to select an optimum adsorbent-refrigerant pair in respect of a chosen figure of merit that could be the cooling production (MJ m{sup -3}), the heating production (MJ m{sup -3}) or the coefficient of performance (COP). This model is based mainly on the adsorption equilibrium equations of the adsorbent-refrigerant pair and heat flows. The simulation results of 26 various activated carbon-ammonia pairs for three cycles (single bed, two-bed and infinite number of beds) are presented at typical conditions for ice making, air conditioning and heat pumping applications. The driving temperature varies from 80 C to 200 C. The carbon absorbents investigated are mainly coconut shell and coal based types in multiple forms: monolithic, granular, compacted granular, fibre, compacted fibre, cloth, compacted cloth and powder. Considering a two-bed cycle, the best thermal performances based on power density are obtained with the monolithic carbon KOH-AC, with a driving temperature of 100 C; the cooling production is about 66 MJ m{sup -3} (COP = 0.45) and 151 MJ m{sup -3} (COP = 0.61) for ice making and air conditioning respectively; the heating production is about 236 MJ m{sup -3} (COP = 1.50). (author) [French] Un modele du cycle thermodynamique est utilise pour selectionner le meilleur couple adsorbant-ammoniac sur la base de la production frigorifique (MJ m{sup -3}), la production de chaleur (MJ m{sup -3}) ou bien le coefficient de performance (COP). Ce modele est essentiellement base sur les equations d'etat de l'adsorption (adsorbant-ammoniac). Les resultats de simulation de 26 differents couples charbon actif-ammoniac sont presentes pour des conditions typiques de fabrication de la glace, de climatisation et de pompe a chaleur. La temperature de generation varie de 80 C a 200 C. Les simulations sont effectuees pour trois types de cycle: lit unique, deux-lits et un nombre infini de lits. Les charbons actifs etudies sont

  13. Investigation on A Ground Source Heat Pump System Integrated With Renewable Sources

    OpenAIRE

    Qian, Defeng; Niu, Fuxin; Kavanaugh, Steven; O'Neill, Zheng

    2016-01-01

    Buildings consumed 40% of the energy and represented 40% of the carbon emissions in the United States. This is more than any other sector of the U.S. economy, including transportation and industry. About 24% of all energy used in the nation is for space heating, cooling and water heating in buildings. Enhancing building efficiency represents one of the easiest, most immediate and most cost effective ways to reduce carbon emissions. One of energy efficient and environment friendly technologies...

  14. Magnetocaloric heat pump device, a heating or cooling system and a magnetocaloric heat pump assembly

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    The invention provides a magnetocaloric heat pump device, comprising a magnetocaloric bed; a magnetic field source, the magnetocaloric bed and the magnetic field source being arranged to move relative to each other so as to generate a magnetocaloric refrigeration cycle within the heat pump, wherein...

  15. Optimum bleeding rate of open loop ground source heat pump systems determined by hydrogeological modeling in Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, W. H.; Kim, N.; Lee, J. Y.

    2014-12-01

    This study aims to evaluate the influence of open loop ground source heat pump systems operation on hydrological conditions of aquifer. Test bed is located in Chuncheon, Korea. The step drawdown test was conducted in five stages for 300 minutes. The variation of groundwater levels by open loop ground source heat pump systems operation was estimated using Visual MODFLOW. Transmissivity ranged from 2.02×10-4 to 9.36×10-4, and storage coefficient ranged from 0.00067 to 0.021. The amount of optimum bleeding was calculated to be 240 m3/day. When bleeding will be 50, 90, 240 and 450 m3/day for 5 years, groundwater levels may decrease 1.84, 3.31, 8.89 and 17.0 m, respectively. If the amount of bleeding is 50 m3/day, the influence of bleeding will not reach the boundary regions of the Soyang River after 5 years. Regarding the open loop ground source heat pump system installed at the test bed, the amount of optimum bleeding in accordance with the stand are proposed by the government is 90 m3/day, which is 20% of the 450 m3/day circulation quantity of the system. However, if continuous bleeding of more than 90 m3/day occurs, then the radius of influence is expected to reach the boundary regions of the Soyang River after 5 years. These results indicate that amount of optimum bleeding differ in each open loop ground soured heat pump system. Therefore, the debate for the amount of optimum bleeding in open loop ground source heat pump systems is demanded. This work is supported by the Energy Efficiency and Resources of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government Ministry of Knowledge Economy (No.20123040110010).

  16. Optimized ground coupled heat pump mechanical package

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Catan, M.A.

    1987-01-01

    This project addresses the question of how well a ground coupled heat pump system could perform with a heat pump which was designed specifically for such systems operating in a northern climate. Conventionally, systems are designed around water source heat pumps which are not designed for ground coupled heat pump application. The objective of the project is to minimize the life cycle cost for a ground coupled system given the freedom to design the heat pump and the ground coil in concert. In order to achieve this objective a number of modeling tools were developed which will likely be of interest in their own right.

  17. Geothermal heat in a heat pump use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlova, A.; Hansen, J.; Obermeyer, H.; Pavlova, I.

    2016-09-01

    The considered innovative technology proposes to use alternative energy sources for the process efficiency in low-height construction. The world economy depends on price rises for energy sources and the danger of environmental pollution increases. Geothermal energy is the basic resource saving and environmentally safe renewable heat source that is characterized by inexhaustibility, permanent all the-year-round use, universal prevalence of resources and the ability to replace considerable volumes of traditional energy carriers. The expediency and power efficiency to apply a heat pump with the use of geothermal heat is proved for low-height construction.

  18. Molecular heat pump.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, Dvira; Nitzan, Abraham

    2006-02-01

    We propose a molecular device that pumps heat against a thermal gradient. The system consists of a molecular element connecting two thermal reservoirs that are characterized by different spectral properties. The pumping action is achieved by applying an external force that periodically modulates molecular levels. This modulation affects periodic oscillations of the internal temperature of the molecule and the strength of its coupling to each reservoir resulting in a net heat flow in the desired direction. The heat flow is examined in the slow and fast modulation limits and for different modulation wave forms, thus making it possible to optimize the device performance.

  19. Hybrid system: Heat pump-solar air dryer for grains; Sistema hibrido: bomba de calor - calentador solar de aire para el secado de productos agricolas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soto Gomez, Willfredo [Instituto Tecnologico de Tijuana, Tijuana (Mexico); Ortega Herrera, Jose Angel [Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    Design, building, operation and evaluation energy wise of a hybrid experimental type, with heat pump, that uses no chloride, does not destroy the ozone layer. It is solar air dryer for grains. In this research we dry rice. It has tree systems: 1.- A mechanical compression heat pump, 2.- An air solar heater, and 3.- An agriculture products dryer. The drying capacity is 20 pounds of grain /day, with a median daily solar radiation. The costs is approximately U.S. $ 6 000.00. The heat pump used 22 refrigerant first, and now works with refrigerant SUVA 9000. This refrigerant will be available this year in the I.S., it is one of the ecological class that substitutes the chlorofluorocarbonates. [Spanish] Se disena, construye, opera, y evalua energeticamente, un sistema hibrido tipo experimental, con bomba de calor que utiliza refrigerante que no contiene cloro, y no destruye la capa de ozono y un calentador solar de aire, para secar granos. En este trabajo secamos arroz. Se compone de tres sistemas: 1.- Bomba de calor por compresion mecanica, 2.- Calentador solar de aire, 3.- Secador de productos agricolas. La capacidad de secado es de 10 Kilos de granos/dia promedio. Tiene un costo aproximado de $ 60 000. La bomba de calor utiliza refrigerante 22 en una primera generacion, y actualmente opera con un refrigerante SUVA 9000, en una segunda generacion, este refrigerante se comercializara en este ano, en la Union Americana, pertenece a la familia de los llamados refrigerantes ecologicos, sustitutos de los clorofluorocarbonados.

  20. Building America Case Study: Ground Source Heat Pump Research, TaC Studios Residence, Atlanta, Georigia (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2014-09-01

    As part of the NAHB Research Center Industry Partnership, Southface partnered with TaC Studios, an Atlanta based architecture firm specializing in residential and light commercial design, on the construction of a new test home in Atlanta, GA in the mixed-humid climate. This home serves as a residence and home office for the firm's owners, as well as a demonstration of their design approach to potential and current clients. Southface believes the home demonstrates current best practices for the mixed-humid climate, including a building envelope featuring advanced air sealing details and low density spray foam insulation, glazing that exceeds ENERGY STAR requirements, and a high performance heating and cooling system. Construction quality and execution was a high priority for TaC Studios and was ensured by a third party review process. Post construction testing showed that the project met stated goals for envelope performance, an air infiltration rate of 2.15 ACH50. The homeowner's wished to further validate whole house energy savings through the project's involvement with Building America and this long-term monitoring effort. As a Building America test home, this home was evaluated to detail whole house energy use, end use loads, and the efficiency and operation of the ground source heat pump and associated systems. Given that the home includes many non-typical end use loads including a home office, pool, landscape water feature, and other luxury features not accounted for in Building America modeling tools, these end uses were separately monitored to determine their impact on overall energy consumption.

  1. Ground-Source Heat Pumps. Overview of Market Status, Barriers to Adoption, and Options for Overcoming Barriers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goetzler, William [Navigant Consulting, Inc., Chicago, IL (United States); Zogg, Robert [Navigant Consulting, Inc., Chicago, IL (United States); Lisle, Heather [Navigant Consulting, Inc., Chicago, IL (United States); Burgos, Javier [Navigant Consulting, Inc., Chicago, IL (United States)

    2009-02-03

    February 2009 final report submitted to DOE by Navigant Consulting, Inc. This report summarizes the status of ground-source heat pump (GSHP) technology and market penetration globally, estimates the energy saving potential of GSHPs in the U.S., identifies key market barriers that are inhibiting wider market adoption of GSHPs, and recommends initiatives that can be implemented or facilitated by the DOE to accelerate market adoption.

  2. 铁路站房地源热泵系统工程热平衡分析%Analysis on Heat Balance of Ground Source Heat Pump System in Railway Station

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈德安

    2013-01-01

    Abstract:In regard to an actual railway station,based on its design circumstance of air-condition heating system and its testing report of ground heat transfer characteristics,the ground source heat pump system was adopted as its cold and heat source.Considering the need for heat balance of the ground source heat pump system,this thesis analyzes the two different schemes used in railway station buildings:the one is a ground source heat pump system assisted by boiler,and the other is a coupled system of solar energy with ground source heat pump.And then respectively for both schemes,this thesis calculates the required capacity of ground source heat pump unit and the required design scale of ground heat exchanger.This thesis also discusses how to achieve the cold and heat balance for the two different schemes,and analyzes each characteristics and applicability in actual projects.Finally this thesis points out:it is necessary to use suitable and customized heat balance modes for different projects on the basis of local conditions.%结合具体工程,根据某车站空调采暖系统设计工况及该工程地埋管换热特性测试报告,采用地源热泵系统作为冷热源.考虑地源热泵系统的冷热平衡需要,分析采用地源热泵+锅炉辅助系统及太阳能地源热泵耦合系统两种不同热平衡方案用于铁路站房,计算各自需要的热泵机组容量及室外埋管换热器具体设计规模.详细介绍两种系统的冷热平衡方式,并对各自特点及工程运用进行论述,提出在具体工程中因地制宜,应根据不同情况,采用合适的系统热平衡方式.

  3. Heat driven pulse pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benner, Steve M (Inventor); Martins, Mario S. (Inventor)

    2000-01-01

    A heat driven pulse pump includes a chamber having an inlet port, an outlet port, two check valves, a wick, and a heater. The chamber may include a plurality of grooves inside wall of the chamber. When heated within the chamber, a liquid to be pumped vaporizes and creates pressure head that expels the liquid through the outlet port. As liquid separating means, the wick, disposed within the chamber, is to allow, when saturated with the liquid, the passage of only liquid being forced by the pressure head in the chamber, preventing the vapor from exiting from the chamber through the outlet port. A plurality of grooves along the inside surface wall of the chamber can sustain the liquid, which is amount enough to produce vapor for the pressure head in the chamber. With only two simple moving parts, two check valves, the heat driven pulse pump can effectively function over the long lifetimes without maintenance or replacement. For continuous flow of the liquid to be pumped a plurality of pumps may be connected in parallel.

  4. Optimized ground coupled heat pump design: Phase 1, Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrews, J.W.; Catan, M.; Le Doux, P.; Metz, P.D.; Saunders, J.H.

    1985-10-01

    This report describes the first phase of a project to design a water-to-air heat pump optimized for ground coupling applications. The project is being conducted jointly by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and an industrial partner to be selected via a competitive procurement. In the completion of Phase I, three major tasks were completed. First, based on experimental work performed at BNL, water-refrigerant heat exchanger models were developed for incorporation into the ORNL heat pump optimization program. Next, a procedure was developed to generate correlations between heat pump entering fluid temperature and load. The correlations, called ''Source Temperature/Load Maps'', will tell the optimization program how many hours/season the heat pump will operate with any pair of values for these quantities. This report discusses these first two tasks within Phase I.

  5. 地源热泵系统冷凝热回收在降温除湿工况的研究%Cooling and Dehumidifying Conditions of the Condensation Heat Recovery of Ground-Source Heat Pump Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江盼; 陈剑波; 陈希望

    2015-01-01

    Considering the reheat process in cooling and dehumidifying conditions during the transitional season causes problems that cold and hot counteraction does not meet the energy requirements, and heat accumulation exists generally in the ground -source heat pump system in cold and wet load dominated area. The thesis proposes a ground-source heat pump system which can recover the condensation heat to reheat air. This system can not only reduce the emission of heat to the soil to relieve heat accumulation of the soil and improve the coefficient of performance, but also effectively use the waste heat from the water of the heat of condensation. Through simulation and experimental analysis, the advantages and feasibility can be drawn with a condensing heat recovery ground source heat pump system.%综合考虑在过渡季节降温除湿工况的再热过程会造成冷热抵消引起的不符合节能要求的问题和地源热泵系统在冷(湿)负荷为主的地区普遍存在的热堆积问题,提出了一种利用冷凝热再热空气的地源热泵系统。此系统既能减少向土壤侧排放的热量,缓解土壤的热堆积,并提高机组的运行效率,同时,又有效地利用了冷凝排放的热量。通过模拟计算和实验分析,得出带有冷凝热回收的地源热泵系统的可行性和应用优势。

  6. 太阳能蓄热与低温空气源热泵复合空调系统运行特性模拟研究%SIMULATION RESEARCH ON LOW TEMPERATURE AIR SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEM COMBINED WITH THERMAL STORAGE OF SOLAR ENERGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩宗伟; 李先庭; 石文星; 史永征

    2012-01-01

    The components and operation modes of the low temperature air source heat pump system ( LTASHP) combined with thermal storage of solar energy were introduced in this paper. The mathematics models of each section of the system were set up and the control strategy of system operation was determined. Based on the mathematics models and control strategy, a canteen in Urumqi City was taken as the research object, and the transient numerical simulation was carried out. The operation characteristic of the system for whole-year was comparatively analyzed. The simulation results provide a theoretical guidance for promoting application of the system.%介绍了利用地下水池进行季节性蓄热的太阳能与低温空气源热泵复合空调系统的组成及运行模式,建立系统中各部分的数学模型,确定系统的运行控制策略,并在此基础上,以乌鲁木齐市某餐厅为研究对象进行瞬态数值模拟,得到系统的全年动态运行特性,模拟结果为该系统的推广应用提供了理论指导.

  7. Study on the Optimizing Operation of Exhaust Air Heat Recovery and Solar Energy Combined Thermal Compensation System for Ground-Coupled Heat Pump

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuan Wang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study proposed an exhaust air heat recovery and solar energy combined thermal compensation system (ESTC for ground-coupled heat pumps. Based on the prediction of the next day’s exhaust air temperature and solar irradiance, an optimized thermal compensation (OTC method was developed in this study as well, in which the exhaust air heat recovery compensator and solar energy compensator in the ESTC system run at high efficiency throughout various times of day. Moreover, a modified solar term similar days group (STSDG method was proposed to improve the accuracy of solar irradiance prediction in hazy weather. This modified STSDG method was based on air quality forecast and AQI (air quality index correction factors. Through analyzing the operating parameters and the simulation results of a case study, the ESTC system proved to have good performance and high efficiency in eliminating the heat imbalance by using the OTC method. The thermal compensation quantity per unit energy consumption (TEC of ESTC under the proposed method was 1.25 times as high as that under the traditional operation method. The modified STSDG method also exhibited high accuracy. For the accumulated solar irradiance of the four highest daily radiation hours, the monthly mean absolute percentage error (MAPE between the predicted values and the measured values was 6.35%.

  8. Experimental study on heat supply of soil-seawater-source heat pump%土壤海水源热泵供暖实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴君华; 李海山; 牛林

    2014-01-01

    Sets up a field test platform of soil-seawater-source heat pump and performs heating experiment.The experimental results show that the higher the sand soil temperature is,the more the inlet water temperature of heat pump is,which results in larger heat exchanger capacity per unit length and higher COP of the heat pump system.Under the experimental conditions,the average value of heat exchanger capacity per unit length is 38.2 W/m,and the average value of COP is 1.8.The heat exchanger of soil-seawater-source heat pump system has little effect on the soil thermal environment due to stronger temperature restoration ability of shallow layer seabed soil.%搭建了土壤海水源现场实验台,进行了供暖实验。结果表明,沙层土壤温度越高,则机组进水温度也越高,单位管长换热量也就越大,热泵系统 COP 也就越大;实验工况下,单位管长换热量平均值为38.2 W/m,热泵系统COP 平均值为1.8;浅层海底沙层土壤温度恢复能力较强,盘管换热器对周围土壤热环境影响较小。

  9. Staged regenerative sorption heat pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jack A. (Inventor)

    1995-01-01

    A regenerative adsorbent heat pump process and system for cooling and heating a space. A sorbent is confined in a plurality of compressors of which at least four are first stage and at least four are second stage. The first stage operates over a first pressure region and the second stage over a second pressure region which is higher than the first. Sorbate from the first stage enters the second stage. The sorbate loop includes a condenser, expansion valve, evaporator and the compressors. A single sorbate loop can be employed for single-temperature-control such as air conditioning and heating. Two sorbate loops can be used for two-temperature-control as in a refrigerator and freezer. The evaporator temperatures control the freezer and refrigerator temperatures. Alternatively the refrigerator temperature can be cooled by the freezer with one sorbate loop. A heat transfer fluid is circulated in a closed loop which includes a radiator and the compressors. Low temperature heat is exhausted by the radiator. High temperature heat is added to the heat transfer fluid entering the compressors which are desorbing vapor. Heat is transferred from compressors which are sorbing vapor to the heat transfer fluid, and from the heat transfer fluid to the compressors which are desorbing vapor. Each compressor is subjected to the following phases, heating to its highest temperature, cooling down from its highest temperature, cooling to its lowest temperature, and warming up from its lowest temperature. The phases are repeated to complete a cycle and regenerate heat.

  10. Construction Technology of Soil Source Heat Exchanger of Ground Source Heat Pump%地源热泵土壤源换热器的施工技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程金明; 王巧真

    2007-01-01

    地源热泵(Ground Source Heat Pump, GSHP)作为最有发展潜力的热泵技术在各级政府的积极推介下发展迅速,但由于地源换热器施工安装成本高,技术的发展遇到了很大的阻力.探讨了土壤源换热器施工技术和土壤源换热器的热平衡问题,力图提高土源换热器施工技术,降低地源热泵成本,促进该技术的推广应用.

  11. Wavy tube heat pumping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haldeman, C. W.

    1985-12-03

    A PVC conduit about 4'' in diameter and a little more than 40 feet long is adapted for being seated in a hole in the earth and surrounds a coaxial copper tube along its length that carries Freon between a heat pump and a distributor at the bottom. A number of wavy conducting tubes located between the central conducting tube and the wall of the conduit interconnect the distributor with a Freon distributor at the top arranged for connection to the heat pump. The wavy conducting tubing is made by passing straight soft copper tubing between a pair of like opposed meshing gears each having four convex points in space quadrature separated by four convex recesses with the radius of curvature of each point slightly less than that of each concave recess.

  12. Solar energy and heat pumps: evaluation of combined systems for heating and cooling of buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrews, J.W.; Catan, M.A.; Le Doux, P.

    1982-09-01

    An analysis of a broad range of solar assisted heat pump systems was carried out. Systems were divided into three categories on the basis of whether ground coupling was included in the system and, if so, whether solar energy was stored in the ground or used in some other way. In the category of non-ground-coupled systems, an advanced air-source heat pump concept designed to improve capacity and coefficient of performance at low source temperatures was used as the basis for a dual source heat pump. For ground coupled systems which do not store solar heat in the ground, three options were considered: use of simple passive techniques to reduce the effective heating load; use of photovoltaics to drive the heat pump compressor; and use of active solar components as a source to the heat pump, for direct space heating, or for domestic hot water only. For systems which do store solar energy in the ground, the minimum size for efficient thermal carryover from summer to winter was determined to be a system capable of serving approx. 100 houses. Use of a fuel-fired heat pump is also an advantage in these larger systems. Economic analyses were based on a maximum allowable payback of 8 years for residential systems. For the large-scale system, a simplified 10-year life-cycle costing was employed.

  13. 太阳能集热器、空气能热泵及相变蓄能装置一体化控制的研究%Integrated Control of Solar Collectors,Air-source Heat Pump and Phase Change Energy Storage Device

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许鸽; 刘学东

    2013-01-01

    In the proposed integrated control system,temperature cycle in the solar collector and water tank is adopted for heat exchange,air source heat pump is adopted as auxiliary energy,and paraffin is used as the phase change energy-storing material.Ultra-ow temperature protection and the double-emp-tying insurance method are adopted as its heat control to ensure that it can be used in the cold northern areas.The use of the universal 360°forced circulation system in the solar collectors ensures that the pipe-line connection cycle thermal efficiency is high with less heat loss,small system installation site and low operational cost.Tests show that the system realizes full heat exchange,high efficient and energy com-plementation.Therefore,it can be applied to a wide range of areas.%系统采用太阳能集热器与大水箱温差循环的方法进行热量交换,利用空气能热泵作为辅助能源,以石蜡作为相变蓄能材料储藏热量。系统的控制部分采用超低温保护和系统排空双保险的方法,确保在寒冷北方地区使用;太阳能集热器采用串联360°万能角度强制循环系统,连接循环管道少、热损小、系统热效率高,安装场地适应性强,运营成本低。通过运行验证,系统达到了热交换充分、节能高效、能源互补及时到位、适用地区广泛的目的。

  14. Capillary-Condenser-Pumped Heat-Transfer Loop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverstein, Calvin C.

    1989-01-01

    Heat being transferred supplies operating power. Capillary-condenser-pumped heat-transfer loop similar to heat pipe and to capillary-evaporator-pumped heat-transfer loop in that heat-transfer fluid pumped by evaporation and condensation of fluid at heat source and sink, respectively. Capillary condenser pump combined with capillary evaporator pump to form heat exchanger circulating heat-transfer fluids in both loops. Transport of heat more nearly isothermal. Thermal stress in loop reduced, and less external surface area needed in condenser section for rejection of heat to heat sink.

  15. Performance testing of an air/water heat pump using CO{sub 2} (R744) as refrigerant for the preparation of sanitary hot water in a hospital; Mesures des donnees energetiques d'une pompe a chaleur air/eau au CO{sub 2} (R744) pour preparation d'eau chaude sanitaire dans un hopital

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anstett, P.

    2006-07-01

    This final report prepared for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) describes the monitoring equipment and the results of performance tests made on a prototype heat pump of 60 kW power output used for hot water production at the hospital of Le Locle, Switzerland. The heat pump uses carbon dioxide (R744) as the working fluid and ambient air as the heat source. The heat output and the coefficient of performance for various values of cold water temperature and air temperature have been measured. The practically measured values of heat output and COP showed a low reproducibility and remained far behind the theoretical values given by the manufacturer. Instead of producing hot water at 80 {sup o}C as intended originally the authors recommend to use the heat pump only for preheating the water to 60 {sup o}C.

  16. Case Study for the ARRA-funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration at Denver Museum of Nature & Science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Im, Piljae [ORNL; Liu, Xiaobing [ORNL

    2016-09-01

    High initial costs and lack of public awareness of ground-source heat pump (GSHP) technology are the two major barriers preventing rapid deployment of this energy-saving technology in the United States. Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), 26 GSHP projects were competitively selected and carried out to demonstrate the benefits of GSHP systems and innovative technologies for cost reduction and/or performance improvement. This report highlights the findings of a case study of one such GSHP demonstration projects that uses a recycled water heat pump (RWHP) system installed at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science in Denver, Colorado. The RWHP system uses recycled water from the city’s water system as the heat sink and source for a modular water-to-water heat pump (WWHP). This case study was conducted based on the available measured performance data from December 2014 through August 2015, utility bills of the building in 2014 and 2015, construction drawings, maintenance records, personal communications, and construction costs. The annual energy consumption of the RWHP system was calculated based on the available measured data and other related information. It was compared with the performance of a baseline scenario— a conventional VAV system using a water-cooled chiller and a natural gas fired boiler, both of which have the minimum energy efficiencies allowed by ASHRAE 90.1-2010. The comparison was made to determine energy savings, operating cost savings, and CO2 emission reductions achieved by the RWHP system. A cost analysis was performed to evaluate the simple payback of the RWHP system. Summarized below are the results of the performance analysis, the learned lessons, and recommended improvement in the operation of the RWHP system.

  17. Case Study for the ARRA-funded Ground Source Heat Pump Demonstration at Denver Museum of Nature & Science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Im, Piljae [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy and Transportation Science Division; Liu, Xiaobing [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy and Transportation Science Division

    2015-11-30

    High initial costs and lack of public awareness of ground-source heat pump (GSHP) technology are the two major barriers preventing rapid deployment of this energy-saving technology in the United States. Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), 26 GSHP projects were competitively selected and carried out to demonstrate the benefits of GSHP systems and innovative technologies for cost reduction and/or performance improvement. This report highlights the findings of a case study of one such GSHP demonstration projects that uses a recycled water heat pump (RWHP) system installed at the Denver Museum of Nature & Science in Denver, Colorado. The RWHP system uses recycled water from the city’s water system as the heat sink and source for a modular water-to-water heat pump (WWHP). This case study was conducted based on the available measured performance data from December 2014 through August 2015, utility bills of the building in 2014 and 2015, construction drawings, maintenance records, personal communications, and construction costs. The annual energy consumption of the RWHP system was calculated based on the available measured data and other related information. It was compared with the performance of a baseline scenario— a conventional VAV system using a water-cooled chiller and a natural gas fired boiler, both of which have the minimum energy efficiencies allowed by ASHRAE 90.1-2010. The comparison was made to determine energy savings, operating cost savings, and CO2 emission reductions achieved by the RWHP system. A cost analysis was performed to evaluate the simple payback of the RWHP system. Summarized below are the results of the performance analysis, the learned lessons, and recommended improvement in the operation of the RWHP system.

  18. Structure Parameter Optimization of Air-water Dual-source Compound Heat-exchanger%空气-水双热源复合换热器结构参数优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张超; 董家昀; 赵晓丹; 周光辉

    2012-01-01

    空气-水双热源复合换热器是太阳能-空气双热源复合热泵系统的核心部件,空气-水双热源复台换热器的结构参数对空气-水双热源复合换热器的换热性能以及太阳能-空气双热源复合热泵的系统性能具有重要影响.建立了太阳能-空气双热源复合热泵系统的数学模型,利用数学模拟的方法研究了空气-水双热源复合换热器结构参数对热泵系统能效比的影响,并确定了模拟工况下换热器结构参数的优化方案.%The air-water dual-source compound heat-exchanger is the key component of the solar-air dual-source compound heat pump system. The heat-exchanging performance of the air-water dual-source compound heat-exchanger and the system performance of the solar-air dual-source compound heat pump system are largely depended on the structure parameter of the air-water dual-source compound heat-exchanger. The mathematic model of the solar-air dual-source compound heat pump system has been established. The mathematic simulation method has been used to study the effect of the structure parameters of air-water dual-source compound heat-exchanger on the energy-efficiency ratio of the solar-air dual-source compound heat pump system, and the optimization scheme of the structure parameters under the simulating condition have been determined.

  19. Dynamic effects on containment of air-curtain fume hood operated with heat source.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jia-Kun; Huang, Rong Fung; Hsin, Pei-Yi

    2012-01-01

    This study focused on the leakage characteristics of the air-curtain fume hood that are subject to the influences of sash movement and walk-by motion while a high temperature heat source was operated in the hood. The flow visualization and trace gas test method were used to investigate the performance of the air-curtain fume hood. An electric heater was placed in the hood to simulate the heat source. The temperature of the heat source installed inside the air-curtain fume hood varied between 180°C and 300°C. Trace gas tests following the dynamic test methods of EN-14175 protocol were employed to measure the spillages of sulfur hexafluoride gas that were released in the hood. When subject to the influence of sash movement at a heat source temperature lower than 260°C, the leakage level was high at the suction velocity V(s) 10 m/sec. When subject to the influence of people walk-by, the leakage level was relatively low at the suction velocity larger than 8 m/sec at sash height H = 50 cm. The height of the sash opening was a crucial parameter for the containment of the air-curtain fume hood. At the sash opening lower than about 25 cm, suction velocity less than or equal to 6 m/sec was enough to make the sulfur hexafluoride leakage less than the threshold value, 0.65 ppm, suggested by the BG Chemie. The air-curtain fume hood presented a great performance to resist the effect of drafts even though there was a high temperature heat source working in the hood.

  20. Compact High Efficiency Adsorption Heat Pump

    OpenAIRE

    TeGrotenhuis, Ward E; Humble, Paul H; Sweeney, Josh B

    2012-01-01

    An innovative adsorption cycle heat pump technology is presented that is compact and capable of achieving high energy efficiency for integrated space heating, air conditioning, and water heating. High energy efficiency is accomplished by effectively recuperating heat within the system to minimize energy consumption. This substantially reduces the thermodynamic losses that occur when the sorbent beds are thermally cycled without effective heat recuperation. Furthermore, equipment cost is reduc...

  1. Optimization of ground source heat pumps related to soil and groundwater conditions as well as grouting material; Optimierung von Waermepumpen in Bezug auf Boden- und Grundwasserverhaeltnisse sowie Verpressmaterial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katzenbach, R.; Clauss, F.; Waberseck, T. [Technische Univ. Darmstadt (Germany). Inst. und Versuchsanstalt fuer Geotechnik; Sass, J. [Technische Univ. Darmstadt (Germany). Inst. fuer Angewandte Geowissenschaften, Fachgebiet Ingenieurgeologie

    2006-07-01

    The capacity and the performance of ground source heat pumps and seasonal thermal storage systems with borehole heat exchangers depend on the conditions of the encountered subsoil and the groundwater and furthermore on the thermal properties of the grouting material used for conclusive backfilling of the annular space after installing the heat exchanger pipes in the borehole. Intensive investigations are carried out at the Technische Universitaet Darmstadt with the aim of an economical optimisation of the dimensioning of ground source heat pumps and seasonal thermal storage systems. (orig.)

  2. Monitoring actual performance of ground source heat pump system using GPRS-based data transmission:A case analysis in Tangshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜红普; 孔祥飞; 李敏; 齐承英

    2015-01-01

    The energy efficiency monitoring is an essential precondition for ground source heat pump system’s controlling and energy saving operation. Based on the data monitoring applied in the school building, this work is focused on the parameters acquisition and operation analysis of the GSHP system in Tangshan. Results show the average COPs (coefficient of performance) are 2.85 and 2.70 in summer and winter, respectively, and heat(cold) unbalance underground existed after whole year operation. The analysis of data also indicates that the direct borehole air-conditioning saved some power consumption obviously in the early stage of summer and energy saving of the GSHP system depended remarkably on its operation and management level. Besides the observation points of ground temperature are laid for a large-scale GSHP system, and the hydraulic balance of the pipes group needs to be concerned specially in safeguarding better reliability.

  3. 新型混合地源热泵的土壤热平衡性能模拟%Soil Thermal Balance Performance Simulation of the New Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小银; 彭彪

    2015-01-01

    Ground source heat pump is a new kind of green energy technologies which is advantage in energy conservation and environmental protection. O ne of the severe problems in the process of application is the thermal imbalance of the heat absorption and release to the ground. To solve this problem, this paper presents a new type of hybrid ground source heat pump in which hot w ater systemis combined with air conditioning systemof ground source heat pump. As an example, make a simulation of a new ly designed air conditioning systemof a hotel in Changsha. By comparison of the conventional single ground source heat pump, this new hybrid ground source heat pump has been confirmed to solve the imbalance of the heat absorption and release to the ground, effectively improved the operation efficiency ofairconditioning unitmean while.%地源热泵是一种新型节能环保的绿色能源利用技术,在应用过程中,存在的较大问题之一就是对土壤的吸放热不平衡。针对此问题本文提出了一种新的混合地源热泵形式,将热水系统和地源热泵空调系统进行耦合,对长沙某宾馆进行了系统设计并用T R N SY S进行了长达30年的模拟。通过和传统单一的地源热泵空调系统比较,证实了该系统不仅能有效地解决土壤吸放热不平衡问题,而且有效地提高了机组的运行效率。

  4. 地源热泵与混合式地源热泵应用对比分析%Comparative Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pumps and Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈正顺

    2014-01-01

    Ground Source Heat Pumps(GSHPs) and Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pumps(HGSHPs) in-stalled in several public buildings are compared. The annual energy consumption of buildings are simulated respectively, taking selection calculation of GSHPs and HGSHPs, as well as the initial investment, annual operating costs and the comprehensive fee of two programs.%对合肥几种常见公共建筑已完全使用地埋管换热器的地源热泵系统与混合式地源热泵系统进行了比较。分别对各类型建筑进行了全年能耗模拟,对地源热泵、混合式地源热泵系统进行了选型计算,并对比了两种方案的初投资、年运行费用、年综合费用。

  5. A regenerative elastocaloric heat pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tušek, Jaka; Engelbrecht, Kurt; Eriksen, Dan; Dall'Olio, Stefano; Tušek, Janez; Pryds, Nini

    2016-10-01

    A large fraction of global energy use is for refrigeration and air-conditioning, which could be decarbonized if efficient renewable energy technologies could be found. Vapour-compression technology remains the most widely used system to move heat up the temperature scale after more than 100 years; however, caloric-based technologies (those using the magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, barocaloric or elastocaloric effect) have recently shown a significant potential as alternatives to replace this technology due to high efficiency and the use of green solid-state refrigerants. Here, we report a regenerative elastocaloric heat pump that exhibits a temperature span of 15.3 K on the water side with a corresponding specific heating power up to 800 W kg-1 and maximum COP (coefficient-of-performance) values of up to 7. The efficiency and specific heating power of this device exceeds those of other devices based on caloric effects. These results open up the possibility of using the elastocaloric effect in various cooling and heat-pumping applications.

  6. Comparative Energy and Cost Analysis Between Conventional HVAC Systems and Geothermal Heat Pump Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    heat pump (GSHP) relative to conventional heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems: air-source heat pumps (ASHP), air-cooled air conditioning with either natural gas, fuel oil, or liquid petroleum gas furnaces, or with electrical resistance heating. The Monte Carlo simulation is performed for a standard commercial office building within each of the 48 continental states. Regardless of the conventional HVAC system chosen, the simulation shows that for each state the GSHP has the highest probability of using less energy and having a lower operating and life

  7. An open cycle absorption heat pump

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lazzarin, R.M.; Longo, G.A. (Padua Univ. (Italy)); Piccininni, F. (Politecnico di Bari (Italy). Ist. di Fisica Tecnica)

    1992-09-01

    By using absorption dehumidification it is possible to obtain an open cycle absorption heat pump fed by a natural gas burner. The machine couples great simplicity with very good thermodynamic performance. The main feature is the recovery of the latent heat of the air flow. The open cycle heat pump is applied here to building heating, internal temperature 20[sup o]C, relative humidity 50%, with forced ventilation. The system has essentially a packed tower bed for dehumidification, a regenerator fed by a natural gas burner, connected to a condenser, and some heat exchangers. (author).

  8. Hot Topics! Heat Pumps and Geothermal Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Harry T.

    2009-01-01

    The recent rapid rises in the cost of energy has significantly increased interest in alternative energy sources. The author discusses the underlying principles of heat pumps and geothermal energy. Related activities for technology education students are included.

  9. Heat-pump performance: voltage dip/sag, under-voltage and over-voltage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William J.B. Heffernan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Reverse cycle air-source heat-pumps are an increasingly significant load in New Zealand and in many other countries. This has raised concern over the impact wide-spread use of heat-pumps may have on the grid. The characteristics of the loads connected to the power system are changing because of heat-pumps. Their performance during under-voltage events such as voltage dips has the potential to compound the event and possibly cause voltage collapse. In this study, results from testing six heat-pumps are presented to assess their performance at various voltages and hence their impact on voltage stability.

  10. Air-To-Water Heat Pumps with Radiant Delivery in Low Load Homes: Tucson, Arizona and Chico, California (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2013-11-01

    Space conditioning represents nearly 50% of average residential household energy consumption, highlighting the need to identify alternative cost-effective, energy-efficient cooling and heating strategies. As homes are better built, there is an increasing need for strategies that are particularly well suited for high performance, low load homes. ARBI researchers worked with two test homes in hot-dry climates to evaluate the in-situ performance of air-to-water heat pump (AWHP) systems, an energy efficient space conditioning solution designed to cost-effectively provide comfort in homes with efficient, safe, and durable operation. Two monitoring projects of test houses in hot-dry climates were initiated in 2010 to test this system. Both systems were fully instrumented and have been monitored over one year to capture complete performance data over the cooling and heating seasons. Results are used to quantify energy savings, cost-effectiveness, and system performance using different operating modes and strategies. A calibrated TRNSYS model was developed and used to evaluate performance in various climate regions. This strategy is most effective in tight, insulated homes with high levels of thermal mass (i.e. exposed slab floors).

  11. 空气源热泵系统在地暖中的应用%Application of Gas-source Heat Pump System as Heat Source for Floor Radiant Heating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路琳英; 侯林岐

    2013-01-01

    Gas-source heat pump system is energy efficient for heating COP 4.0. Compated with traditional heating methods (heating with gas and electricity), it is regarded as an energy-saving way. Be used as the floor radiant heating and bath, it is in line with the requirements of energy-saving and emission reduction, and worth promoting in similar projects.%空气源热泵系统在制热工况时,其能效比高,一般在4.0左右,比传统的制热方式(天然气和电加热)节能很多。将其作为地暖和洗浴热源,符合节能减排的要求,值得在类似工程中推广应用。

  12. Optimization of ground source heat pumps systems through the implementation of hybrid systems; Optimizacion de las instalaciones de bomba de calor geotermica mediante la implementacion de sistemas hibridos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magraner, T.; Quilis, M. S.; Martinez, S.

    2009-07-01

    One of the fundamental aspects to consider in the design of a ground heat pump system is the heat balance in the ground since thermal saturation of the ground produces a decreasing of the performance of the system throughout its useful life. The hybrid geothermal system which combined geothermal heat pump system with other systems for generation or dissipation energy are very suitable for balancing the heat exchanger meters needed for the proper functioning of the system, important aspect to reduce costs and achieve attractive return periods of the initial investment. Energesis Ingenieria has developed and implemented in two office buildings, a design of hybrid systems based on the combination of a geothermal heat pump and air-condensed units (dry coolers) that can ensure energy efficiencies comparable to geothermal pure systems, reducing substantially the investment cost. (Author) 5 refs.

  13. 浅层地下水源热泵系统若干问题的研究%Research on several issues of shallow groundwater source heat pump system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭银华

    2012-01-01

    对浅层地下水源热泵系统中易忽视的空调循环水泵并联、空调井外网保温、空调井、水源热泵+地板辐射采暖系统等相关问题进行了探讨,并对可能解决的方案进行了讨论,对浅层地下水源热泵系统的设计与施工有一定指导意义。%This article explores issues including parallel air-conditioning cycling pumping, thermal insulation of external airconditioning shaft network, air-conditioning shaft, water source heating pump + radiant floor heating system which are easily neglected in shallow groundwater source heat pump system, and discusses possible solving schemes, which has certain guiding meaning for the design and construction of shallow groundwater source heat pump system.

  14. Control strategy research of variable flow at heat source side for water source heat pump%水源热泵系统热源侧变流量控制策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋小强; 龙惟定; 李敏

    2012-01-01

    分析水源热泵系统供热运行的技术经济性.建立适用于TRNSYS软件模拟的水源热泵系统模型,针对不同水源温度通过改变热源侧水流量方式优化运行.比较水源热泵系统、燃气和燃油3种供热方式的运行经济性,结果表明,不同水源温度下的最佳供热方式不同.%Technical economy analysis of water source heat pump system is done in heating operation. The model of water source heat pump is established at TRNSYS platform, the optimal operation under different temperature of source water are carried by changing the water flow of heat source side. The running economy of heating by wate soure heat pump system, the combustion gas or oil is compared, the best heating mode is obtained at different water source temperature.

  15. MODELING OF THE HEAT PUMP STATION ADJUSTABLE LOOP OF AN INTERMEDIATE HEAT-TRANSFER AGENT (Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sit B.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available There are examined equations of dynamics and statics of an adjustable intermediate loop of heat pump carbon dioxide station in this paper. Heat pump station is a part of the combined heat supply system. Control of transferred thermal capacity from the source of low potential heat source is realized by means of changing the speed of circulation of a liquid in the loop and changing the area of a heat-transmitting surface, both in the evaporator, and in the intermediate heat exchanger depending on the operating parameter, for example, external air temperature and wind speed.

  16. Heat pumps in industry. Pt. 2: Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lazzarin, R.M. [Padova Univ., Vicenza (Italy). Ist. di Ingegneria Gestionale

    1995-04-01

    A selection of applications of heat pumps in industry is described, reporting plant lay-outs and performances. The selection includes compression heat pumps at different temperatures, vapour recompression systems, absorption heat pumps and heat transformers. (author)

  17. High Temperature Thermoacoustic Heat Pump

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tijani, H.; Spoelstra, S. [ECN Biomass and Energy Efficiency, Petten (Netherlands)

    2012-07-15

    Thermoacoustic technology can provide new types of heat pumps that can be deployed in different applications. Thermoacoustic heat pumps can for example be applied in dwellings to generate cooling or heating. Typically, space and water heating makes up about 60% of domestic and office energy consumption. The application of heat pumps can contribute to achieve energy savings and environmental benefits by reducing CO2 and NOx emissions. This paper presents the study of a laboratory scale thermoacoustic-Stirling heat pump operating between 10C and 80C which can be applied in domestics and offices. The heat pump is driven by a thermoacoustic-Stirling engine. The experimental results show that the heat pump pumps 250 W of heat at 60C at a drive ratio of 3.6 % and 200 W at 80C at a drive ratio of 3.5 %. The performance for both cases is about 40% of the Carnot performance. The design, construction, and performance measurements of the heat pump will be presented and discussed.

  18. The Analysis of Ground Source Heat Pump Applied in Mianyang City%地源热泵在绵阳地区的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘东; 蒋斌; 韩如冰; 邹国荣

    2013-01-01

      介绍了地源热泵的工作原理,并结合绵阳地区的地质情况及地源热泵系统形式,分析了地源热泵技术在绵阳地区的应用方式,并针对地表水、地下水和地下耦合地源热泵系统的可行性进行了分析和说明,为地源热泵技术在绵阳地区的工程应用提供参考。%This paper introduced the operational principle of ground source heat pump. Based on the geologic environment of Mianyang city and the ground source heat pump forms, the application of different ground source heat pump were compared. And analyses the feasibility of surface water,ground water and underground coupling source heat pump in Mianyang city. This paper can provide the reference for the ground source heat pump engineering application in Mianyang city.

  19. Noise abatement in air-water heat pump systems. Basic considerations, guidelines for practice; Laermreduktion bei Luft/Wasser-Waermepumpenanlagen. Grundlagen und Massnahmen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graf, H.R.

    2002-07-01

    With increasing numbers of installations of air/water heat pumps the issue of noise emissions is becoming more of a concern. In reaction to this situation, the company Sulzer Innotec has developed these guidelines by order of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy. Typically, more than 90% of the noise emitted outdoors is produced by the fan. Due to the strong tonal components, the noise emitted is substantially more annoying than a reference broadband noise of the same intensity. For further noise reduction mainly the fan noise must be addressed. Despite the dominance of fan noise, other noise sources must not be neglected. The most promising countermeasures are: Reduction of fan noise by (i) low blade tip speed (prerequisite is a pressure drop in the air channels including the evaporator as low as possible), (ii) improvement of flow geometry in the vicinity of the fan, (iii) insulation of air ducts with acoustic foam (thickness 50 mm or more), (iv) elbows in the air duct line for sound dissipation. Reduction of compressor noise by (i) a highly effective acoustic enclosure, (ii) vibration insulation of structure-borne noise by elastic mounts, (iii) decoupling of refrigerant pipes. (author)

  20. WASTE HEAT RECOVERY IN HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS: SOLUTION TO REDUCE GLOBAL WARMING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Baradey

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Energy conversion technologies, where waste heat recovery systems are included, have received significant attention in recent years due to reasons that include depletion of fossil fuel, increasing oil prices, changes in climatic conditions, and global warming. For low temperature applications, there are many sources of thermal waste heat, and several recovery systems and potential useful applications have been proposed by researchers [1-4]. In addition, many types of equipment are used to recover waste thermal energy from different systems at low, medium, and high temperature applications, such as heat exchangers, waste heat recovery boiler, thermo-electric generators, and recuperators. In this paper, the focus is on waste heat recovery from air conditioners, and an efficient application of these energy resources. Integration of solar energy with heat pump technologies and major factors that affect the feasibility of heat recovery systems have been studied and reviewed as well. KEYWORDS: waste heat recovery; heat pump.

  1. Heat-pump-centered integrated community energy systems. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-11-01

    A Heat Pump Centered-Integrated Community Energy System (HP-ICES) concept was explored and developed that is based on use of privately owned ice-making heat pumps in each building or complex within a community. These heat pumps will provide all of the space heating, space cooling and domestic hot water needs. All of the community input energy required is provided by electrical power, thereby eliminating a community's dependence on gas or oil supplies. The heat pumps will operate in both air and water source modes, deriving performance advantages of both. The possible forms of an HP-ICES system, the technical and economic limitations, environmental impacts and other factors are discussed from a general viewpoint. The concept is applied to a specific planned community and its performance and economic features are examined in detail. It is concluded that the HP-ICES concept is technically viable, but that its economic desirability as compared with conventional heat pump systems is hampered by much higher initial costs, and that the economic feasibility of HP-ICES systems will depend on future fuel source costs and supply and on electric power rates. (LCL)

  2. Peltier heat pumps. Peltiervaermepumpar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torstensson, H. (Studsvik Energy, Nykoeping (SE))

    1990-06-01

    Todays Peltier devices in heat pump applications gives a low coeffificent of performance. A temperature difference of 40 deg C results in a COP-value of approx. 1.3. Peltier devices are manufactured of alloys composed of heavy elements like tellurium, selenium, bismuth and antimony. These elements thermoelectrical properties, figure of merit are decisive to the performance of the Peltier devices. An upper limit for the figure of merit, ZT, is said to be 2, which at {Delta}T=40 deg C would yield a COP of 2.0 as a maximum. Organic compounds have been investigated with regard to the electric conductivity. Thin film technique have been used for Peltier devices in micro-scale. There are no large-scale applications. The method does not give enhanced termoelectrical properties, but more rational and cheaper manufacturing. (author) (47 refs., 26 figs.).

  3. On the Application of Ground Source Heat Pump System in the Airport Hotel%机场宾馆地源热泵系统方案的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    嵇竑

    2016-01-01

    The construction of the airport hotel needs to consider air conditioning supply and hot water service throughout the year. From the perspective of energy saving transformation, the construction of ground source heat pump system has huge difference with the conventional system in economic and environmental protection terms. From the basic principle of ground source heat pump system, this paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of the application of ground source heat pump system in airport hotel to explore the practical application value and broad prospects of the development of ground source heat pump system.%机场宾馆建设需要考虑全年提供冷暖空调、热水服务等,从节能改造的角度出发,建设地源热泵系统对比常规系统在经济方面和环保方面将产生巨大差异.本文从地源热泵系统的基本原理出发,分析研究地源热泵系统在机场宾馆应用中的优势与劣势,并由此探究地源热泵系统发展的实际应用价值和广阔前景.

  4. Heat pumps in district heating networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Markussen, Wiebke Brix; Elmegaard, Brian

    constraints limit the power plants. Efficient heat pumps can be used to decouple the constraints of electricity and heat production, while maintaining the high energy efficiency needed to match the politically agreed carbon emission goals. The requirements in terms of COP, location, capacity and economy...... are calculated using an energy system model which includes power plants, heat pumps and district heating consumption profiles. The model is developed with focus on accurate representation of the performance of the units in different locations and operating modes. The model can assist in investment decisions...... and strategic planning in the energy sector. The paper presents a case study of optimal implementation of heat pumps in the present energy system of the Copenhagen area. By introduction of the correct capacity of heat pumps, a 1,6 % reduction in fuel consumption for electricity and heat production can...

  5. MULTI-HEAT SOURCE SOLAR HEAT PUMP HEAT SUPPLY SYSTEM AND PERFORMANCE SIMULATION%复合热源太阳能热泵供热系统及其性能模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨磊; 张小松

    2011-01-01

    提出了一种复合热源太阳能热泵供热系统,通过阀门切换,可根据不同的天气状况改变运行模式,以空气和太阳辐射作为热源制取供暖用水.针对所设计的lOkw供热系统,建立了系统的数学模型,对热泵串联集热器(SC+HP)及集热器串联热泵(HP+SC)两种运行模式下的循环性能进行了计算机模拟分析,并计算了系统的全年运行状况.从模拟结果可以看出,在模拟进水温度区间内,HP+SC模式下热泵COP较高,最高比SC+HP模式高2.58%;而SC+HP模式集热器热性能较好,总热效率更高,最高比HP+SC模式高2.62%.%A compound solar heat pump heat supply system was presented. The system can make heating water from air source and solar radiation by valve switching, based on different weather conditions. A numerical model for a l0kW heating utilizing was established. The circulation performances of solar collector with heat pump( SC + HP) and heat pump with solar collector( Hp + SC) operation modes were simulated. The all year round operation status was also caculated.The results have shown that the COP of HP + SC mode is at most 2.58 % higher than SC + HP mode in simulation water temperature range. But the latter has a better collector thermal performance and overall thermal efficiency is at most 2.62 % higher than the former.

  6. 浙北地区地源热泵土壤换热性能测试研究%Study on Measurement of Heat Transfer Characteristics of Ground Source in a Ground Source Heat Pump System in Northern Zhejiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓勤; 郑锦龙; 郑翀

    2011-01-01

    The heat transfer characteristics of ground source in Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) in Northem Zhejiang were experimentally measured. The experimental results showed that the initial ground source temperature in the coldest month was approximately 17.0℃, which was significantly higher than the temperature of the outside environment. The mean thermal conductivity of the ground source was 1.73W/(m· ℃). It indicated that the ground source had good heat transfer capacity and could be used for the ground source heat pump system. The experimental measurement of the heat transfer coefficient was also conducted on a single U type underground heat exchanger at the depth of 60 m. The experimental results showed that the heat dissipating capacity of the single pipe were 3666W in summer and 2508 W in winter, respectively. The heat dissipating capacity could meet the requirement of the ground source heat pump system.%对浙北地区某地源热泵工程土壤换热性能进行了实验测试,结果显示,浙北地区冬季最冷月地下土壤初始温度稳定在17.0℃左右,远高于室外环境温度;土壤的平均导热系数为1.73W/(m·℃),有较强的地下换热能力,适合做地源热泵系统;对60m深的单U形式地下换热器进行换热性能测试,夏季单根盘管散热量3666W,冬季单根盘管散热量2508W,能满足系统工作要求。

  7. Ground source thermo-pumps for individual residential houses; Les thermopompes a capteur enterres dans les residences individuelles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ossant, G. [Societe Syrec (France)

    1997-12-31

    The main principles, performances and constraints of the various types of ground source thermo-pumps for individual houses, i.e. ground/ground thermo-pumps, glycol water/water thermo-pumps and ground/water thermo-pumps are reviewed, and their energy consumptions are discussed. The design and operating conditions of a reverse ground source thermo-pump (Syrec) for space heating and air conditioning through a hot and cold floor system and a Syrec ground source thermo-pump for water heating, are presented

  8. 地源热泵技术的推广与应用%The Promotion and Application of Ground Source Heat Pump Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张斌; 张力; 田忠春

    2013-01-01

      阐述了地源热泵的发展历程、工作原理、地源热泵种类和技术特点,例举了地源热泵技术在工程中的应用实例,分析了目前存在的需要注意的问题,对地源热泵技术的发展前景进行了展望。%In this text, several problems on the ground source heat pump are researched, such as its development history, principle of operation, the kind of ground source heat pump, technical characteristics and application examples of engineering technology. The paper also analyses the current problems and look further into the future of ground source heat pump.

  9. 云驾岭煤矿双水源热泵系统设计%Double water-source heat pump system designing for Yunjialing colliery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张昌建; 王景刚; 梁界武; 袁常升

    2012-01-01

    The heat pump system adopts the cooling water from power plant and the drainage from coal mine as double water source, of which the temperature varies from 7 to 50 "C . By optimally matching the high and low temperature heat pump units, the system can output 70 to 80 °C high-temperature hot water, 40 to 55 °C mid-temperature hot water and 7 to 12 °C air conditioning chilled water at the same time, and recycle the waste water from the cooling water and the drainage for heating, air conditioning,, providing domestic hot water for industrial site buildings and preventing freeze in the pit shaft.%该热泵系统以云驾岭煤矿电厂冷却水、矿井排水作为双水源,热源温度变化范围在7~50℃之间;采用高温热泵机组和低温热泵机组优化匹配,可以同时输出70~80℃高温热水和40~55℃中温热水及7~12℃空调冷水,回收电厂冷却水和矿井排水中的废热用于云驾岭煤矿工业区建筑供暖、空调和制取生活热水及井筒防冻.

  10. Study on Thermal Energy Storage Modes and Defrosting Dynamic Characteristics of a PCM Based Air Source Heat Pump%空气源热泵相变蓄能除霜系统蓄热模式及除霜特性的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡文举; 陈镇凯; 姜益强; 姚杨; 倪龙; 孙成

    2011-01-01

    In this paper,a novel phase change material ( PCM) based reversed-cycle defrosting method for air source heat pump (ASHP) was introduced and its PCM based heat exchanger (PCMHE) was designed. Three thermal energy storage modes were presented and experiments were carried out to test the efficiencies of thermal energy storage and defrosting respectively. By analyzing the experiment results, it was concluded that energy could be quickly stored in PCMHE with series thermal energy storage mode. Nevertheless,with sole and parallel modes,discharge and suction temperatures of the compressor were unusually high,while discharge and suction pressures and input power were relatively lower,also the thermal energy storage speed was very small,which meant that the ASHP could not work effectively. Furthermore,by comparing the PCM based reversed-cycle defrosting method with the traditional one,it was indicated that the former could decrease the defrosting time by 4 minutes at least,also shutting down of the ASHP unit due to low suction pressure protection could be avoided effectively by increasing the compressor's suction pressure of 0. 3 Mpa. Besides, when the system returned to the heating supply mode from the defrosting mode,with the PCM based defrosting method,the air temperature out of the indoor coil increased faster and was higher than the traditional method,which would benefit the indoor thermal comfort greatly.%本文阐述了基于相变蓄热的空气源热泵蓄能除霜系统及其相变蓄热器的设计,提出了3种蓄热模式并搭建了空气源热泵蓄能除霜试验台.通过对实验数据进行分析,认为串联蓄热模式时,系统可有效完成蓄热且相变蓄热器的蓄热速度较快;单独蓄热模式和并联蓄热模式时系统不能有效运行,压缩机的吸、排气温度偏高,而吸、排气压力偏低,功率偏低,相变材料蓄热速度非常小;除霜时,相变蓄能除霜系统的压缩机吸气压力比

  11. Application of Construction Technology of Ground Source Heat Pump System in Dongying Software Park Project%土壤源热泵系统施工技术在东营软件大厦工程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚秀委; 刘乐

    2011-01-01

    土壤源热泵是一种利用土壤所储藏的太阳能资源作为冷热源,进行能量转换的供暖制冷空调系统,是清洁的可再生能源的一种新技术.笔者结合工程实际情况,详细介绍了土壤源热泵系统的优点、组成及施工工艺,并且重点介绍了室外地埋管换热器的施工工艺,为今后土壤源热泵空调系统施工质量控制提供了宝贵经验.%The ground source heat pump is a heating and ventilating air conditioning system using the solar energy resources stored by earth as cold and heat sources,and also a new technology of the clean renewable energy.In combination with the project practice,the article expounds in detail the advantages,compositions and construction craft of the ground source heat pump(GSHP)system,and the introduction focuses on the construction craft of the outdoor ground heat exchanger,which provides valuable experience for the construction quality control of the future ground source heat pump air-conditioning system.

  12. Commercial absorption heat pumps (design, performance)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lazzarin, R. (Padua Univ. (Italy). Ist. di Fisica Tecnica)

    1986-04-01

    After a historical review of the development of absorption heat pumps, a critical analysis is presented of the design and operation of typical 25-40 kW, commercially available heat pumps. This engineering critique is followed by an analysis of the performance of 25 kW plant thoroughly tested to provide, by means of statistically significant data, a reliable assessment of the coefficient of performance and capacity in function of the cold source temperature for different return temperatures.

  13. Technical Feasibility Study for Deployment of Ground-Source Heat Pump Systems: Portsmouth Naval Shipyard -- Kittery, Maine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hillesheim, M.; Mosey, G.

    2014-11-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Lands initiative, engaged the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to conduct feasibility studies to assess the viability of developing renewable energy generating facilities on contaminated sites. Portsmouth Naval Shipyard (PNSY) is a United States Navy facility located on a series of conjoined islands in the Piscataqua River between Kittery, ME and Portsmouth, NH. EPA engaged NREL to conduct a study to determine technical feasibility of deploying ground-source heat pump systems to help PNSY achieve energy reduction goals.

  14. Industrial heat pump assessment study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappell, R. N.; Priebe, S. J.; Wilfert, G. L.

    1989-03-01

    This report summarizes preliminary studies that assess the potential of industrial heat pumps for reduction of process heating requirements in industries receiving power from the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). This project was initiated at the request of BPA to determine the potential of industrial heat pumps in BPA's service area. Working from known heat pump principles and from a list of BPA's industrial customers, the authors estimated the fuel savings potential for six industries. Findings indicate that the pulp and paper industry would yield the greatest fuel savings and increased electrical consumption. Assessments presented in this report represent a cooperative effort between The Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), and Battelle-Northwest Laboratories.

  15. Experimental analysis on performance of high temperature heat pump and desiccant wheel system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sheng, Ying; Zhang, Yufeng; Deng, Na

    2013-01-01

    In order to solve the problem of high energy consumption for regeneration of desiccant wheel in the rotary desiccant system, high temperature heat pump and desiccant wheel (HTHP&DW) system and corresponding air conditioning unit is built and tested in the extensive thermal hygrometric environment....... When the mixture refrigerant BY-3 is involved in the air source heat pump, the supply air temperatures are in the range as expected except that when in the extreme hot environment (above 36°C), dehumidification capability are satisfied and the regeneration temperatures can satisfy the regeneration...... requirement of desiccant without additional heat. It is also found that outdoor air temperature, humidity ratio and regeneration air flow rate have great impact on the performance of heat pump based on the coefficient of performance (COP) evaluated. COP is not quite high, as the maximum value is 2.26 for heat...

  16. 海水源热泵系统的(火用)经济分析%Exergy economic analysis of seawater source heat pump systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    芦铁键; 张朝辉

    2011-01-01

    Using exergy economic analysis method, builds up an exergy economic analysis model for seawater source heat pump system. After calculating the exergy flow cost in seawater source heat pump system, finds out that the exergy flow cost of heat pump plant room is the highest. So the exergy flow cost could be reduced by means of improving the efficiency of the heat pump. Suggests that minimal exergy flow cost should be used as a constraint function and the exergy economic analysis method should be applied to the optimization design for seawater source heat pump system.%利用(火用)经济分析方法建立了海水源热泵系统的(火用)经济分析模型,并对海水源热泵系统流程的(火用)成本进行计算,结果表明热泵机房的(火用)流成本最高,因此可以通过提高热泵效率等途径来减小(火用)流成本.建议以(火用)流成本最小作为约束函数,并将(火用)经济分析法用于海水源热泵系统的优化设计中.

  17. Solar-powered Rankine heat pump for heating and cooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rousseau, J.

    1978-01-01

    The design, operation and performance of a familyy of solar heating and cooling systems are discussed. The systems feature a reversible heat pump operating with R-11 as the working fluid and using a motor-driven centrifugal compressor. In the cooling mode, solar energy provides the heat source for a Rankine power loop. The system is operational with heat source temperatures ranging from 155 to 220 F; the estimated coefficient of performance is 0.7. In the heating mode, the vapor-cycle heat pump processes solar energy collected at low temperatures (40 to 80 F). The speed of the compressor can be adjusted so that the heat pump capacity matches the load, allowing a seasonal coefficient of performance of about 8 to be attained.

  18. Theoretical and Experimental Study on Transcritical CO2 Heat Pump Air Heating System%跨临界CO2热泵空气加热系统理论实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

      本文介绍了一种新型商用跨临界CO2热泵空气干燥系统。首先建立了热泵干燥系统所需的翅片式气冷器的物理和数学模型,对气冷器的换热面积进行了计算,同时根据超临界状态下CO2放热特性对气冷器的结构进行设计。在此基础上,建立了跨临界CO2热泵空气干燥系统,并对该系统进行了性能实验研究。实验结果表明,该系统可将常温空气“一次性”加热到100℃,此种工况下空气流量为2.26m3/h,系统性能系数COP为3.80。%A commercial transcritical CO2 heat pump air heating system is described in this paper. The physical and mathematical model was build at first for the gas cooler of the heat pump air heating system, the heat exchange area was calculated based on the model, and then the structure of gas cooler was designed ac-cording to the heat transfer characteristic of transcritical CO2 . The transcritical CO2 heat pump air heating sys-tem was designed and a series of experiment for the system were carried out. The experimental results show that the air can be heat to 100℃ from room temperature by heat pump air drying system, and the air flow is 2. 26 m3/h, the heat-COP is 3. 80.

  19. Theoretical and Experimental Study on Transcritical CO2 Heat Pump Air Heating System%跨临界CO2热泵空气加热系统试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巨小平; 崔晓龙

    2012-01-01

    A commercial transcritical CO2 heat pump air heating system was described in this paper. The physical and mathematical model was build at first for the gas cooler of the heat pump air heating system, the heat exchange area was calculated based on the model, and then the structure of gas cooler was designed according to the heat transfer characteristic of transcritical CO2. The transcritical CO2 heat pump air heating system was designed and a series of experiment for the system were carried out. The experimental results show that the air can be heat to 100℃ from room temperature by heat pump air drying system, and the air flow is 2.26 m3/h, the heat- COP is 3. 80.%介绍了一种新型商用跨临界CO2热泵空气干燥系统.首先建立了热泵干燥系统所需的翅片式气冷器的物理和数学模型,对气冷器的换热面积进行了计算,同时根据超临界状态下CO2放热特性对气冷器的结构进行设计.在此基础上,建立了跨临界CO2热泵空气干燥系统,并对该系统进行了性能试验研究.试验结果表明,该系统可将常温空气“一次性”加热到100℃,此种工况下空气流量为2.26 m3/h,系统性能系数COP为3.80.

  20. Magnetic heat pump flow director

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Frank S. (Inventor)

    1995-01-01

    A fluid flow director is disclosed. The director comprises a handle body and combed-teeth extending from one side of the body. The body can be formed of a clear plastic such as acrylic. The director can be used with heat exchangers such as a magnetic heat pump and can minimize the undesired mixing of fluid flows. The types of heat exchangers can encompass both heat pumps and refrigerators. The director can adjust the fluid flow of liquid or gas along desired flow directions. A method of applying the flow director within a magnetic heat pump application is also disclosed where the comb-teeth portions of the director are inserted into the fluid flow paths of the heat pump.

  1. An Integrated Approach on Groundwater Flow and Heat/Solute Transport for Sustainable Groundwater Source Heat Pump (GWHP) System Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, D. K.; Bae, G. O.; Joun, W.; Park, B. H.; Park, J.; Park, I.; Lee, K. K.

    2015-12-01

    The GWHP system uses a stable temperature of groundwater for cooling and heating in buildings and thus has been known as one of the most energy-saving and cost-efficient renewable energy techniques. A GWHP facility was installed at an island located at the confluence of North Han and South Han rivers, Korea. Because of well-developed alluvium, the aquifer is suitable for application of this system, extracting and injecting a large amount of groundwater. However, the numerical experiments under various operational conditions showed that it could be vulnerable to thermal interference due to the highly permeable gravel layer, as a preferential path of thermal plume migration, and limited space for well installation. Thus, regional groundwater flow must be an important factor of consideration for the efficient operation under these conditions but was found to be not simple in this site. While the groundwater level in this site totally depends on the river stage control of Paldang dam, the direction and velocity of the regional groundwater flow, observed using the colloidal borescope, have been changed hour by hour with the combined flows of both the rivers. During the pumping and injection tests, the water discharges in Cheongpyeong dam affected their respective results. Moreover, the measured NO3-N concentrations might imply the effect of agricultural activities around the facility on the groundwater quality along the regional flow. It is obvious that the extraction and injection of groundwater during the facility operation will affect the fate of the agricultural contaminants. Particularly, the gravel layer must also be a main path for contaminant migration. The simulations for contaminant transport during the facility operation showed that the operation strategy for only thermal efficiency could be unsafe and unstable in respect of groundwater quality. All these results concluded that the integrated approach on groundwater flow and heat/solute transport is necessary

  2. 海水源热泵用盘管换热器的数值模拟研究*%Numerical Simulation on Coil Heat Exchanger for Seawater Source Heat Pump

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴君华; 于丹; 谢军; 曲艳新

    2013-01-01

      A heat exchanger model is established based on the numerical simulation software FLUENT, in order to study the heat ex-change capacity with coil heat exchanger of seawater source heat pump and determine design parameters. The numerical simulation is com-pared with the experimental data to verify the correctness of the results. The flow rate for design reference is proposed with the simulation of heat transfer rate per unit length. The flow rate in coil is suggested as value of 0.5~0.7 m/s for the seawater source heat pump air conditioning system with coil heat exchanger.%  为了研究海水源热泵用盘管换热器的换热能力,并确定其设计参数值,基于数值模拟软件FLUENT建立了换热器模型,进行了数值模拟,将模拟结果与实验测试值进行了对比分析,验证了其正确性。根据模拟计算出的单位管长换热量,给出设计速度参考取值范围。研究结果为海水源热泵空调系统用盘管换热器夏季换热盘管流速取值范围提供了参考,宜取0.5~0.7 m/s。

  3. Performance on Solar-Assisted Ground-Source Heat Pump System%太阳能-地源热泵串联复合式系统的性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁力勤

    2016-01-01

    对于总热负荷与总冷负荷不平衡的建筑,单独采用土壤源热泵系统供暖或供冷时,系统运行末期土壤温度发生很大的变化,降低了系统的运行性能。针对此类建筑,搭建太阳能-土壤源串联复合式热泵系统,从集热器单位面积流量、存储水箱体积的影响因素出发,研究供暖期热泵机组蒸发器侧进水温度、系统运行性能和能耗的变化情况,为常规土壤源热泵系统引起的土壤热平衡问题提出解决方案,为今后的实际工程设计及应用提供参考依据。%In the heating load dominated area of cold winter zone, the heat taken and released to the soil is unbalanced, when the ground source heat pump (GSHP) system is responsible for all air conditioning loads in most cases. Then it results that the soil temperature would change greatly, and the performance of the system would bring down. The paper builds the ground source heat pump system and the solar-assisted ground-source heat pump system, and then analyzes the different inlet water temperature of heat pump, the different performance and energy consumption according to different collector unit area and tank volume parameters. It is important to provide reference to build the integrated heat pump system and solution for the soil thermal balance.

  4. 蒸发冷却式热泵机组与风冷热泵机组制热性能对比分析%Comparison and Analysis on Heating Performance of Evaporative Cooling Heat Pump Unit and Air Cooled Heat Pump Unit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇; 李志明; 张结良; 黄锐坚

    2015-01-01

    A new application of heat pump technology, evaporative cooling heat pump, was proposed in order to overcome the drawback of the heat losses of conventional air cooled heat pump units during frosting and defrosting. The experimental results show that the average heating capacities of air cooled heat pump unit decrease seriously at low ambient temperatures. At –2 oC ambient temperature, the average heating capacity is 53%of the nominal heating capacity. At ambient temperatures lower than 3 oC, the average heating capacity of the evaporative cooling heat pump unit is higher than that of the air cooled heat pump unit.%本文介绍了一种新的热泵技术应用形式——蒸发冷却式热泵,可以克服传统风冷热泵在结霜、融霜情况下热量的损失。试验结果表明:在低环境温度下,风冷热泵机组的平均制热量衰减较为严重;在环境温度-2℃时,风冷热泵的平均制热量只有名义制热工况热量的约53%;在环境温度低于3℃时,蒸发冷却式热泵机组提供的平均制热量高于风冷热泵的平均制热量。

  5. Thermoeconomic comparison of industrial heat pumps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Markussen, Christen Malte; Reinholdt, L.

    2011-01-01

    Four natural working fluids in various heat pump cycles are expected to cover the heating range between 50oC and 150°C. The different thermodynamic cycles are the Condensing Vapour, Transcritical and Compression/Absorption. As the considered technologies have significant differences in application......, limitations and design, a generic comparison is used. To establish the optimal individual temperature range of operation, a thermoeconomic evaluation is performed, with heat price as the decision parameter. Each individual heat pump is favourable in specific temperature intervals, which will vary according...... to the temperature lift between sink and source. At temperature lifts below 30°C the entire temperature range is covered. Exceeding this temperature lift, the range of sink temperatures is not completely covered above 125°C. Three of the heat pumps prove very cost competitive when compared to heating with natural...

  6. Composite ground source heat pump used in scattered oilfield%复合地源热泵在油田边零井中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘伟; 杨鹏; 侯静

    2012-01-01

    In the Remote areas, oil is stored in storage tanks, and needed to be heated in order to output. Compared with fuel, gas boilers and electric heating system, ground source heat pump heating system has the features as safe, energy saving, environmentally friendly. But a separate ground source heat pump sys- tem only take the heat from soil, not release heat to the soil. To overcome this shortcoming the paper pro- poses solar--assisted ground-source heat pump system. Through the use of trnsys software simulation, it is proved that this system is feasible, and should be promoted.%油田边零井中的原油储存在储油罐中,需要加热才能输出,地源热泵加热系统较燃油、燃气锅炉和电加热系统,具有安全,节能,环保的特点,但是单独地源热泵系统地下地埋管只取热不放热,为了克服这个缺点,提出了太阳能辅助地源热泵系统,通过运用trnsys软件模拟,证明此系统用于油田边零井是可行的,值得推广的。

  7. The role of heat pump technologies in the design of future sustainable energy systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blarke, Morten Boje; Lund, Henrik

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, it is shown that in support of its ability to improve the overall economic cost-effectiveness and flexibility of the Danish energy system, the financially feasible integration of large-scale heat pumps with existing CHP units, is critically sensitive to the operational mode...... of the heat pump vis-à-vis the operational coefficient of performance (COP), which is set by the temperature level of the heat source. When using only ambient air as the heat source, the total heat production costs increases by about 10%, while the partial use of condensed flue gas from the CHP unit as a heat...... source results in an 8% cost reduction. Furthermore, the operational analysis shows that when a large-scale heat pump is integrated with an existing CHP unit, the projected spot market situation in Nord Pool, which reflects a growing share of wind power and heat-bound power generation electricity...

  8. Cold Climate Heat Pumps Using Tandem Compressors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shen, Bo [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

    2016-01-01

    In cold climate zones, e.g. ASHRAE climate regions IV and V, conventional electric air-source heat pumps (ASHP) do not work well, due to high compressor discharge temperatures, large pressure ratios and inadequate heating capacities at low ambient temperatures. Consequently, significant use of auxiliary strip heating is required to meet the building heating load. We introduce innovative ASHP technologies as part of continuing efforts to eliminate auxiliary strip heat use and maximize heating COP with acceptable cost-effectiveness and reliability. These innovative ASHP were developed using tandem compressors, which are capable of augmenting heating capacity at low temperatures and maintain superior part-load operation efficiency at moderate temperatures. Two options of tandem compressors were studied; the first employs two identical, single-speed compressors, and the second employs two identical, vapor-injection compressors. The investigations were based on system modeling and laboratory evaluation. Both designs have successfully met the performance criteria. Laboratory evaluation showed that the tandem, single-speed compressor ASHP system is able to achieve heating COP = 4.2 at 47 F (8.3 C), COP = 2.9 at 17 F (-8.3 C), and 76% rated capacity and COP = 1.9 at -13 F (-25 C). This yields a HSPF = 11.0 (per AHRI 210/240). The tandem, vapor-injection ASHP is able to reach heating COP = 4.4 at 47 F, COP = 3.1 at 17 F, and 88% rated capacity and COP = 2.0 at -13 F. This yields a HSPF = 12.0. The system modeling and further laboratory evaluation are presented in the paper.

  9. Technical and Economic Working Domains of Industrial Heat Pumps: Part 1 - Vapour Compression Heat Pumps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Jensen, Jonas Kjær; Markussen, Wiebke Brix

    2014-01-01

    A large amount of operational and economic constraints limit the applicability of heat pumps operated with natural working fluids. The limitations are highly dependent on the integration of heat source and sink streams. An evaluation of feasible operating conditions is carried out considering...... the constraints of available refrigeration equipment and a requirement of a positive Net Present Value of the investment. The considered sink outlet temperature range is from 40 °C to 140 °C, but for the heat pumps considered in this paper, the upper limit is 100 °C. Five heat pumps are studied. For each set...... of heat sink and source temperatures the optimal solution is determined. At low sink temperature glide R717 heat pumps show best performance, while at higher sink glide transcritical R744 may become important. In a second paper, the results of the VCHP are compared to a similar study considering...

  10. The Effect of Temperature Reduction on Heat Pump Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Siaudvytis, Julius

    2016-01-01

    The Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHP) in Finland are becoming a more and more popular way to provide buildings with necessary heat. This type of heat pump is usually installed as a main heat source, which covers the total heat demand for both Domestic Hot Water (DHW) and space heating. More challenging process is to heat up the DHW due to the higher temperatures required than for space heating. It leads to the relatively lower operational efficiency of the heat pumps. In order to improve th...

  11. Solar Assisted Water Source Heat Pump System for Heating in Winter%关于太阳能辅助水源热泵系统联合冬季供暖的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石东森; 赵展

    2014-01-01

    Along with the increased awareness of energy shortage and environmental protection in China, solar energy and shallow geothermal energy as renewable energy are getting more and more atten-tion. But regardless of the solar system or single water source heat pump system has some limitations, few of joint operation for both applications. Based on the actual project as an example, the solar system can be combined with water source heat pump system, and the system will achieve the required indoor air temper-ature; and the technical analysis of operation cost for solar system with water source heat pump system shows the energy efficiency is completely obvious.%随着我国能源的紧缺和环保意识的加强,太阳能、浅层地热能作为可再生能源,越来越受到人们的重视。但无论是太阳能系统,还是水源热泵系统,单独运行时均有一定的局限性,两者联合运行的应用很少。通过实际工程分析,太阳能系统与水源热泵系统可以联合工作,并可达到预期的室内空调温度;对太阳能系统与水源热泵系统联合运行的运行费用做了技术分析,证实这种联合模式节能效果十分明显。

  12. Design of the Seawater Source Heat Pump and Ice Thermal Storage Complex System for A Certain Residential Section%某住宅小区海水源热泵与冰蓄冷复合系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢文利; 罗苏瑜

    2015-01-01

    According to the seawater source heat pump and ice thermal storage complex system designs, the paper in-troduced the selection of the system’s major equipment, the operation strategy of the ice thermal storage air-condition system under different load factors, design of the seawater source heat pump water intake and heat exchange system, economic analysis of the system, which provide theoretical and practical templet for large-scale heating and cooling construction of the seawater source heat pump and ice thermal storage system.%本文通过海水源热泵与冰蓄冷复合系统设计实例,介绍了系统主要设备选型、不同负荷率下冰蓄冷空调系统的运行策略、海水源热泵取水及其换热系统设计、系统经济性分析。为实施大型海水源热泵与冰蓄冷复合系统工程供热供冷提供理论和实践样板。

  13. 地源热泵的研究与应用现状%Research and Application Status of Ground Source Heat Pump

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武曈; 刘钰莹; 董喆; 方莹; 刘益才

    2014-01-01

    The paper starts with a brief introduction to the classification and working principle of ground source heat pump (GSHP) in three aspects of ground coupled heat pump system, ground water source heat pump system, surface water source heat pump system, and a brief overview of these three ground source heat pump systems is illustrated on the basis of the features and quality. Based on the research and application at home and abroad, new trends and new research progress of ground source heat pump in twenty-first century are mainly analyzed, i. e. using modern means to analysis and improve the water carrying capacity and the performance of the pump system. At the same time, the concise examples about the combination of the new technology and the original technology of heat pump are listed in the paper, such as the summary of solar, ice storage and waste heat utilization. A conclusion can be drawn that notable advantages of GSHP with respects to energy saving and environment protection must lead to a wide application prospect of GSHP system in China.%本文从土壤耦合热泵系统、地下水地源热泵系统、地表水地源热泵系统三个方面,介绍了地源热泵的分类及工作原理,并在分类的基础上对三大地源热泵系统进行了简要的概述,说明其特点和优劣。在综合国内外研究应用的基础上,重点总结分析了21世纪地源热泵的研究进展及新研究趋势--针对水体承载能力、热泵系统的效能等利用现代手段进行分析和提高。同时,本文对新技术与热泵原有技术的结合进行了简明例举,列举出与太阳能、冰蓄冷、余热利用相关的概要。通过本文表明地源热泵在节能环保方面的显著优势,也证明其在我国拥有广泛的应用前景。

  14. Nanofluids and a method of making nanofluids for ground source heat pumps and other applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, John Melvin

    2013-11-12

    This invention covers nanofluids. Nanofluids are a combination of particles between 1 and 100 nanometers, a surfactant and the base fluid. The nanoparticles for this invention are either pyrogenic nanoparticles or carbon nanotubes. These nanofluids improve the heat transfer of the base fluids. The base fluid can be ethylene glycol, or propylene glycol, or an aliphatic-hydrocarbon based heat transfer fluid. This invention also includes a method of making nanofluids. No surfactant is used to suspend the pyrogenic nanoparticles in glycols.

  15. Ground-water temperature of the Wyoming quadrangle in central Delaware : with application to ground-water-source heat pumps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodges, Arthur L.

    1982-01-01

    Ground-water temperature was measured during a one-year period (1980-81) in 20 wells in the Wyoming Quadrangle in central Delaware. Data from thermistors set at fixed depths in two wells were collected twice each week, and vertical temperature profiles of the remaining 18 wells were made monthly. Ground-water temperature at 8 feet below land surface in well Jc55-1 ranged from 45.0 degrees F in February to 70.1 degrees F in September. Temperature at 35 feet below land surface in the same well reached a minimum of 56.0 degrees F in August, and a maximum of 57.8 degrees F in February. Average annual temperature of ground water at 25 feet below land surface in all wells ranged from 54.6 degrees F to 57.8 degrees F. Variations of average temperature probably reflect the presence or absence of forestation in the recharge areas of the wells. Ground-water-source heat pumps supplied with water from wells 30 or more feet below land surface will operate more efficiently in both heating and cooling modes than those supplied with water from shallower depths. (USGS)

  16. 水源热泵技术在铀矿山应用的探讨%Discussion on application of water source heat pump technology to uranium mines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安强

    2011-01-01

    Application of water source heat pump units in recovering waste heat from uranium mines is discussed, and several forms of waste heat recovery are introduced. The problems in the application of water source heat pump technology are analyzed. Analysis results show that the water source heat pump technology has broad application prospects in uranium mines, and it is a way to exchange existing structure of heat and cold sources in uranium mines.%探讨水源热泵机组在回收铀矿山废热中的应用,介绍其回收废热的几种形式,同时分析其在铀矿山应用存在的问题.研究分析表明,水源热泵在铀矿山具有广阔的应用前景,是改变矿山现有冷热源结构的一条理想出路.

  17. Maldistribution in airewater heat pump evaporators. Part 1: Effects on evaporator, heat pump and system level

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mader, Gunda; Palm, Björn; Elmegaard, Brian

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an approach to quantify the effect of evaporator maldistribution onoperating costs of air-water heat pumps. In the proposed simulation model maldistributionis induced by two parameters describing refrigerant phase and air flow distribution.Annual operating costs are calculated...... based on heat pump performance at distinct operatingconditions. Results show that percentage increase of operating costs is similar for thethree considered climate zones, even though the effect of maldistribution on heat pumpperformance varies with operating conditions. Differences in terms of absolute...

  18. Heat-pump-assisted dryer: Pt. 1; Mathematical model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pendyala, V.R.; Devotta, S.; Patwardhan, V.S. (National Chemical Lab., Poona (India))

    1990-07-01

    A mathematical model for an integrated heat-pump-assisted dryer has been developed. The dryer has been modelled considering the heat transfer and simultaneous heat and mass transfer zones. The heat-pump heat exchangers have been modelled by writing the enthalpy balance for differential lengths considering the various zones on the air and working-fluid sides. The compressor has been described by the polytropic compression equation. The model has been used for simulating an existing system using R11 to study the effect of approach velocity of air to the evaporator and of the suction superheat on the specific energy consumption of the heat pump assisted dryer. (author).

  19. Capillary pumped loop body heat exchanger

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Theodore D. (Inventor); Wren, deceased, Paul (Inventor)

    1998-01-01

    A capillary pumped loop for transferring heat from one body part to another body part, the capillary pumped loop comprising a capillary evaporator for vaporizing a liquid refrigerant by absorbing heat from a warm body part, a condenser for turning a vaporized refrigerant into a liquid by transferring heat from the vaporized liquid to a cool body part, a first tube section connecting an output port of the capillary evaporator to an input of the condenser, and a second tube section connecting an output of the condenser to an input port of the capillary evaporator. A wick may be provided within the condenser. A pump may be provided between the second tube section and the input port of the capillary evaporator. Additionally, an esternal heat source or heat sink may be utilized.

  20. COP improvement of refrigerator/freezers, air-conditioners, and heat pumps using nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westra, Douglas G.

    1993-01-01

    With the February, 1992 announcement by President Bush to move the deadline for outlawing CFC (chloro-fluoro-carbon) refrigerants from the year 2000 to the year 1996, the refrigeration and air-conditioning industries have been accelerating their efforts to find alternative refrigerants. Many of the alternative refrigerants being evaluated require synthetic lubricants, are less efficient, and have toxicity problems. One option to developing new, alternative refrigerants is to combine existing non-CFC refrigerants to form a nonazeotropic mixture, with the concentration optimized for the given application so that system COP (Coefficient Of Performance) may be maintained or even improved. This paper will discuss the dilemma that industry is facing regarding CFC phase-out and the problems associated with CFC alternatives presently under development. A definition of nonazeotropic mixtures will be provided, and the characteristics and COP benefits of nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures will be explained using thermodynamic principles. Limitations and disadvantages of nonazeotropic mixtures will be discussed, and example systems using such mixtures will be reviewed.

  1. Discussion on the Form of Soil Source Heat Pump Buried Tube%土壤源热泵地埋管形式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨标; 刘业凤; 张峰

    2013-01-01

    The paper classifies the forms of buried tube according to the underground coupling mode of ground source heat pump system, lists some new burying methods of buried pipe, and does some analysis on heat transfer, compares the characteristics of the U-tube and sleeve, providing a reference for further study of ground source heat pump heat exchange.%  依据土壤源热泵系统中地下耦合方式对地埋管的形式进行分类,列举了一些新的地埋管的埋管方式,并对其换热进行分析;通过对U型管和套管的特点进行对比,为土壤源热泵地埋管换热的进一步研究提供参考。

  2. Optimization of a ground coupled heat pump

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baxter, V.D.; Catan, M.A.

    1984-01-01

    A cooperative analytical project has optimized a horizontal ground coil heat pump system for the Pittsburgh climate. This is the first step in the exploration of several advanced designs including various ground coil devices and advanced heat pump components. The project made use of new and existing design tools to simulate system performance and determine first cost. The system life cycle cost was minimized while constraining the system to meet the design day cooling load using a function minimizing program. Among the system parameters considered were: air-to-refrigerant frontal area, air-to-refrigerant fin pitch, air-to-refrigerant air flowrate, compressor displacement, liquid-to-refrigerant coil length, liquid-to-refrigerant coil diameter, ground coil fluid flowrate, ground coil length, and ground coil depth.

  3. How to Ensure Long -term Stable Operation of Ground Source Heat Pump System for Heating Biogas Digester%如何保证地源热泵式沼气池加温系统长期稳定运行

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张迪; 石惠娴; 朱洪光; 雷勇; 王卓

    2011-01-01

    针对地源热泵式沼气池加温系统中出现的冬夏季取排热不平衡从而影响其长期稳定运行的问题,本文在采取控制运行方式、增加辅助热源和蓄热系统解决方法的分析基础上,从充分利用可再生能源和地源热泵设备的角度出发,提出热泵供热和制冷互补模式与太阳能-地源热泵多功能互补模式,并对其可行性进行分析.%To address the problem of heat imbalance of soil between winter and summer led by ground source heat pump system for heating biogas digester and to ensure the system running more stably, effectively in a long time , the paper presents the advantages and disadvantages of controlling operation model and solar assisted ground source heat pump system with heat storage.What's more, the paper also proposes complementary models of heafing and cooling of heat pump and multifunctional system integrationg solar energy with ground source heat pump, and analyses the possibility of the above two solutions from the perspective of making full use of renewable energy and the equipment of ground soure heat pump.

  4. Field Demonstration of Ground-Source Integrated Heat Pump - Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baxter, Van D. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Munk, Jeffrey D. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Gehl, Anthony C. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2016-09-01

    Reducing energy consumption in buildings is key to reducing or limiting the negative environmental impacts from the building sector. According to the United States (U.S.) Energy Information Administration (EIA), in 2013, commercial buildings consumed 18.1 quads of primary energy, which was 18.6% of the total U.S. primary energy consumption. The primary energy consumption in the commercial sector is projected to increase by 2.8 quads from 2013 to 2040, the second largest increase after the industrial sector. Further space heating, space cooling, and ventilation (HVAC) services accounted for 31% of the energy consumption in commercial buildings. The technical objective of this project is to demonstrate the capability of the new GS-IHP system to reduce overall energy use for space heating, space cooling, and water heating by at least 45% vs. a conventional electric RTU and electric WH in a light commercial building application. This project supports the DOE-Building Technologies Office (BTO) goals of reducing HVAC energy use by 20% and water heating by 60% by 2030.

  5. Research and Application Progress of Sewage Source Heat Pump System%污水源热泵系统的研究与应用进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静; 陈洪斌; 戴晓虎; 何群彪

    2013-01-01

    Sewage heat recovery has got more and more attention.The development of sewage source heat pump technology is important for building energy-saving and consumption reduction.The working principle,characteristics and classification of sewage source heat pump technology as well as the system design were introduced.The development of new heat exchangers,latest progress in technologies of anti-clogging,scale control and anticorrosion were reviewed.The bottleneck for the widespread application of sewage water source heat pump technology was pointed out.The source separation of domestic sewage in residential areas,recovery and reuse of waste heat from grey water (bath and washing sewage) are a prospective developing trend of sewage source heat pump system in future.%污水的能源回收越来越受到关注和重视,开发污水源热泵技术对建筑节能降耗具有重要意义.就污水源热泵技术的工作原理、特点、分类以及系统设计、新型换热器开发、防堵、防垢、防腐蚀技术研究进展等方面进行了介绍,分析了该技术大量推广应用面临的问题,指出居住区生活污水源分离并就近回收利用灰水(洗浴和盥洗废水等)的余热,是污水源热泵系统发展的重要方向.

  6. Evaluation report. House owners' experiences with heat pumps with energy wells as heat source; Evalueringsrapport. Boligeieres erfaringer med varmepumper med energibroenn som varmekilde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boehn, Trond Ivar

    2003-05-01

    The report describes the result of a telephone interview of house owners to find out whether heat pumps with energy wells as implemented from the 1990s have been a success. It is found that the house owners are quite pleased with the installations. Bad reputation of heat pumps are due to experiences from the 1980s and the the attention paid to the few house owners who are still not happy with their installations.

  7. Optimized ground-coupled heat pump system design for northern climate applications. [Including ground coil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Catan, M.A.; Baxter, V.D.

    1985-01-01

    This paper addresses the question of the performance of a ground coupled heat pump (GCHP) system with a water - source heat pump package designed expressly for such systems operating in a northern climate. The project objective was to minimize the life-cycle cost of a GCHP system by optimizing the design of both the heat pump package and the ground coil in concert. In order to achieve this objective, a number of modelling tools were developed or modified to analyze the heat pump's performance and cost and the ground coil's performance. The life-cycle cost of a GCHP system (water-source heat pump with a horizontal ground coil) for an 1800 ft/sup 2/ (167 m/sup 2/) house in Pittsburgh, PA, was minimized over a 7 year economic life. Simple payback for the optimized GCHP system, relative to conventional air-source heat pumps, was under 3 years. The water-source heat pump package resulting from this optimization is calculated to cost 21% more than its conventional counterpart with a heating coefficient of performance (COP) about 20% higher, and a cooling COP about 23% higher. In the GCHP system modeled, its annual energy savings are predicted to be about 11% compared to a system designed around the conventional heat pump while having about the same installation cost. The major conclusion of this study is - GCHP system performance improvement can be attained by improving the water-source heat pump package at less cost than by buying more ground coil. The following conclusions were drawn from the steady-state performance optimization results: (1) By adding about $100.00 to the manufacturer's cost off construction, both the heating and cooling COPs can be improved by 20% or more. (2) Cooling COP need not be sacrificed for the sake of heating performance and vice versa. 13 refs., 11 figs., 12 tabs.

  8. Simulation and design of ground source heat pump systems%地源热泵系统的模拟与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JeffreyD.Spitler; CenkYavuzturk; 等

    2003-01-01

    总结了近年来地源热泵系统的模拟和设计方面的研究和进展.首先给出了地源热泵系统各部件建模方面的进展,包括竖直埋管地热换热器、单井循环系统以及在地源热泵混合系统中采用的几种辅助散热装置.其次,讨论现场测定深层岩土热物性的技术.第三,介绍竖直埋管地热换热器的设计方法.最后,给出在设计地源热泵系统中采用系统模拟的几个应用实例.%This paper gives an overview of recent research and developments in ground source heat pump system simulation and design. First, developments related to modeling of components of the Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) system are presented-vertical ground loop heat exchanger, water source heat pump, standing column well, and several types of supplemental heat rejecters used in hybrid GSHP systems. Second, in situ measurement techniques for ground thermal properties are discussed. Third, a methodology for the design of the vertical ground loop heat exchanger is introduced. Last, several applications of using system simulation in the design of GSHP systems are presented.

  9. IEA Annex 21. Global environmental benefits of industrial heat pumps; IEA Annex 21. Globala miljoefoerdelar med industriella vaermepumpar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Westermark, M. [Royal Inst. of Tech., Stockholm (Sweden). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Technology

    1996-12-01

    Industrial heat pumps uses heat from an industrial process as heat source (e.g. cooling water, waste steam, or flue gas). The study thus excludes heat pumps using natural heat sources as sea water or ambient air. The advantage of industrial heat pumps are high heat source temperature (often 30-100 deg C) and high operational time (industries are often operated during the whole year). Produced heat from the heat pump replaces oil or other fuels for process heating or is exported to a district heating network. The total number of industrial heat pumps in the 8 participating countries was approx. 4600. About 2700 are used for drying of wood products and are small by Swedish standards (50-150 kW/unit). Other sectors with large numbers of heat pumps are food industry (1100 units) and chemical industry (350 units). The remaining 460 units are used in textile industry, steel industry and pulp and paper industry. Sweden has relatively few industrial heat pumps (150 units). However, the produced heat is about 500 MW and in terms of installed capacity Sweden is among the leading countries for upgrading of industrial heat sources. The energy saving potential for industrial heat pumps was computed to 2-4 % of the industrial fuel consumption (if profitability has to be obtained). About the same reductions can be reached for carbon dioxide as well as sulphur dioxide, dust, nitric oxide and hydrocarbons. In Sweden heating alternatives with low carbon dioxide emission is already common (hydro power, nuclear power, biofuels, and heat pumps). The potential for further carbon dioxide savings by industrial heat pumps is therefore relatively less than in most other countries. 16 figs, 6 tabs

  10. 地源热泵的地埋管群换热特性研究%Heat transfer characteristics of underground heat exchanger group in ground-source heat pump systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    於仲义; 陈焰华; 雷建平

    2012-01-01

    结合武汉某实际工程的地埋管群阵列布置情况和地源热泵系统的运行情况,对典型区域的地埋管群运行5年中的埋管换热特性进行了动态数值模拟和分析.提出了温度偏离度和换热保证度的概念,并研究了二者在地源热泵长期运行过程中的变化规律.建议尽量减小冷热负荷不平衡率,以保证地源热泵系统稳定可靠的运行.%Based on the arrangement of the underground heat exchanger group and the operation conditions of the ground-source heat pump system of an actual project in Wuhan, performs a dynamic numerical simulation and analysis of the heat transfer characteristics of the underground heat exchanger group during a five-year operation period in typical zones. Presents the concepts of temperature deviation degree and heat transfer assurance factor, and studies their variation in a long term operation process of ground-source heat pump systems. Proposes that the imbalance rate between cooling and heating load should be reduced as much as possible to ensure the stability and reliability of ground-source heat pump system operation.

  11. 地源热泵能效比试验与研究%Source Heat Pump Energy Efficiency Ratio Experiments and Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭彬; 刘林; 王劲松; 季家艳; 张圣勇

    2014-01-01

    We used to test different models of well pipe to the cooling capacity, heat transfer capability of further study the impact of ground source heat pump. Ground source heat pump energy efficiency ratio of prospects for a brief introduction, the test part through the sensor calibration and error analysis, to ensure the accuracy of experimental test data, cooling, thermal test and test taking, as applied heat transfer model, based on heat and get hot water flow in the pipe flow and temperature, horizontal tube can be calculated in a variety of conditions, the average cooling and heating capacity to take in view of the ground source heat pump applications, the ground heat exchanger design is the most critical part, while the energy efficiency of ground source heat pump is closely linked with another, to know the different types of wells can be buried on the energy efficiency of ground source heat pump.%采用对比试验,对不同型号井埋管的散热能力、传热能力进行研究,从而得出不同井埋管对地源热泵的不同影响。对地源热泵能效比研究前景作简单介绍,在试验部分,通过对传感器进行校正与误差分析,保证试验中数据的精确性,使散热试验和取热试验一样。应用传热模型,根据散热和取热中管内水流的流量和温度,就可以计算出水平管在各种工况下的平均散热和取热能力,鉴于在地源热泵系统应用中,地埋管换热器的设计是最关键的部分,而地源热泵的能效比又与其有密切联系,可以由此知道不同型号井埋管对地源热泵能效比的影响。

  12. Capillary-Pumped Heat-Transfer Loop

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    New type of capillary-pumped heat-transfer loop primes itself at startup. Removes substantial quantities of heat like that generated by people and equipment in rooms and vehicles. Creates continuous path for its working fluid; both vapor and liquid move in same direction. Key element in operation of loop is formation of slugs of liquid, condensed from vapor and moved along loop by vapor bubbles before and after it. Both evaporator and condenser contain axial arteries carrying water. Heat entering evaporator from heat source provides energy for transport of fluid and heat. Dimensions in inches.

  13. 污水源热泵技术研究现状及分析%Research status and analysis of sewage-source heat pump technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙春锦; 吴荣华; 孙源渊; 郑记莘

    2015-01-01

    Plugging and fouling are key challenges need to be addressed in sewage-source heat pump technology.At present,pre-filter and unblocked heat exchange technology are applied to solve plugging problem.Summarizes and analyses the research status of sewage-source heat pump technology.Compares the advantages and disadvantages between pre-filter and unblocked heat exchange technology,which provides a reference for the development and application of sewage-source heat pump technology.%堵塞和污垢是污水源热泵技术应用需要解决的关键难题。目前主要采用前置过滤技术和疏导式换热技术解决堵塞问题。总结并分析了污水源热泵技术的研究现状,比较了前置过滤技术和疏导式换热技术的优缺点,为污水源热泵技术的发展与应用提供参考。

  14. Design and development of a split-evaporator heat-pump system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Somerville, M.H.; Penoncello, S.G.

    1981-12-01

    The designs and experimental results of three types of multiple source heat pumps are presented. The three designs are the parallel evaporator, the series evaporator, and the parallel evaporator with active subcooling, with the parallel evaporator with the active subcooling showing the most promise for solving the problem of defrosting of air evaporators. Three design procedures for multiple source heat pumps were developed. One of these is a hand calculational procedure, the others are computer based. The models are based upon the refrigerant flow rate, rather than the refrigeration effect of the evaporator. The technical results of a detailed analytical and experimental model of the heat transfer rates on a flat plate ice maker are presented. It is shown, both analytically and experimentally, that the temperature of the air surrounding the flat plate ice maker can play a dominant role in the rate of ice formation. A detailed weather analysis for forty cities located throughout the nation was completed. These data were processed to allow easy computation of thermal storage requirements for full, partial, or minimum ACES systems, or upon other design requirements, such as off-peak air conditioning. The results of an innovative ice storage system that is thermally coupled to the earth are described. This system has the potential for meeting both the off-peak air conditioning needs and the thermal storage requirements for the heating cycle. An economic and energy comparison of multiple source heat pumps with ACES, and air-to-air heat pump systems is presented.

  15. 北方地区应用太阳能辅助土壤源热泵效能分析%Efficiency Analysis of Utilizing Solar-assisted Ground Source Heat Pump in the Northern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵金秀

    2015-01-01

    针对北方寒冷地区气候特点,指出了太阳能辅助土壤源热泵系统相对于单独的土壤源热泵或单独的太阳能应用的技术特点。对北方寒冷地区某学校综合楼建筑进行了太阳能辅助土壤源热泵系统设计;并针对该建筑采用太阳能辅助土壤源热泵系统、采用单独的土壤源热泵系统或采用传统采暖空调系统,从三者经济效益、社会效益、环境效益等方面进行了比较,从而体现了太阳能辅助土壤源热泵系统相对于单独的土壤源热泵系统或传统采暖空调系统的高效、经济、节能、环保等优异性。%For the cold climate characteristics of the Northern China, the paper introduces the technical characteristics of solar-assisted ground source heat pump system relative to the separate ground source heat pump system or the separate solar energy application. For a complex building of a university in the cold northern area, the solar -assisted ground source heat pump system is designed, and economic benefits, social benefits, environmental benefits and other aspects about using the solar-assisted ground source heat pump system or using the ground source heat pump system alone or using the traditional air conditioning system are compared, thus reflects the excellent efficiency, cost-saving and energy -saving characteristics, and environmental protection about the solar assisted ground source heat pump system.

  16. 包头市某地源热泵工程设计%Ground-source heat pump project design in Baotou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张士领

    2014-01-01

    Ground heat exchanger system is the key to the smooth running of the ground-source heat pump system.Through the ground-source heat pump system design idea,the ground heat exchanger system selection calculation,and the project cooling and heating load comparative analysis,adopts the gas boiler as the system peak load heat source.To reduce the energy consumption,combined with the characteristics of radiant cooling terminal,supplies the ground source water cooling directly in transition seasons,and obtains good energy conservation effect.%地埋管换热系统是整个地源热泵系统能否良好运行的关键。通过对地源热泵系统设计思路、地埋管换热系统选择计算、工程冷热负荷的对比分析,采用燃气锅炉作为系统的调峰热源。为减少能源消耗,结合工程末端为辐射供冷的特点,在过渡季节使用地源水直接供冷,取得了较好的节能效果。

  17. Design and implementation of ground source heat pumps combined with ice thermal storage systems%地源热泵与冰蓄冷耦合系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姒勇芳; 王玉刚; 匡环; 董兴杰; 刘月琴

    2012-01-01

    介绍了地源热泵蓄能系统的结构组成,包括地源热泵技术与冰蓄冷技术,分析了两者的技术优缺点,进而讲述了两者联合运行的必要性.在此基础上设计建立了一个生态节能的空调系统,首先对地下埋管的深度及距离的取值进行了分析,并阐述了该系统的运行控制策略和流程,实现了机组在常规空调工况、制冰工况以及供暖工况三者之间的调节.最后,对该系统进行了经济性分析,在运行费用上,比传统空调系统节省69%,具有显著的节能优势.%The structure of ground source heat pump energy storage systems is introduced, that indudes the ground source heat pump technology and the ice thermal storage technology. The technical advantages and disadvantages of both were analyzed. Therefore a joint operation was necessary. Then an ecological air conditioning system was designed; and the depth of buried pipes and the distance between the pipes were analyzed. An operating control strategy was expatiated which included the regulation and workflow among the three working conditions-conventional air conditioning, ice making condition and heating condition. In the end, the economic viability of such a system was evaluated. It was found that under the same condition this system would save 69 % operating cost of a traditional air conditioning system. Obviously, it has a remarkable energy saving adnantage by using the ground source heat pump with energy storage.

  18. Technical Solution for Protection of Heat Pump Evaporators Against Freezing the Moisture Condensed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasilyev Gregory P.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to the study of the processes of formation and freezing of condensate in heat exchangers using ambientair heat and is prepared according to the results of experimental investigations. The aim of this work has been set to elaboratean energy-independent technical solution for protection of heat-exchange equipment against freezing the moisture condensed on the heat-exchange surfaces while using the low-potential heat of ambient air in heat pump systems. The investigations have shown that at the temperatures of ambient air close to 0°C when using the «traditional» way of defrostation, which means the reverse mode of operation of heat pump, an intensive formation of ice is observed at the bottom part of evaporator (if not provided with tray heater. This effect is provoked by downward flow of thawed water and it’s freezing in the lower part of the heat-exchanger due to the fact that the tray and housing of heat pump have a temperature below zero. Thereafter, while the defrostation mode has been periodically used, the ice coat would be going to continue its growth, and by time significant area of evaporator could appear to be covered with ice. The results of the investigations presented in the article could be applied both to air-source heat pumps and to ventilation air heat recuperators.

  19. 土壤源热泵系统地下温度场的热平衡模拟分析%On heat balance simulation analysis of temperature field in ground heat source heat pump system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋智军

    2012-01-01

    以成都来福士广场的土壤源热泵工程为例,采用Fluent6.2软件的TransientSolver模块对该项目的地下温度场进行了模拟计算,分别按照土壤源热泵间歇运行模式和连续运行模式来模拟计算地下温度场20年,从模拟结果可以清楚的看到,间歇运行模式下土壤的热平衡状况良好,突出了地下温度场的取热量和排热量的平衡是保证土壤源热泵系统长期稳定运行的重要因素。%Taking the project of the ground source heat pump on Laifushi Square of Chengdu as the example, the paper adopts the Transient Solver Module of the Fluent6.2 software to have the simulation calculation for the underground temperature field of the program, simulates and cal- culates the twenty years of the underground temperature field by adopting the intermittent operation module and its continuous operation one of the ground source heat pump, and shows from the simulation result that the heat balance of the soil in the intermittent operation module has better heat balance, and highlights the balance of the accumulated heat and the extracted heat of the underground temperature field is important for en- suring the long-term and stable operation of the ground source heat pump.

  20. 风冷热泵模块机在别墅空调系统中的应用%Application of Air-cooled Heat Pump Module in the Air Conditioning System of the Villa

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱华梅

    2014-01-01

    Combining with an engineering application,the air-cooled heat pump unit and the frequency VRV air conditioning system are compared. The reason of small air-cooled heat pump unit being widely used in air conditioning system of villas is concluded. At last we discusses some problems should be paid attention to in the air-cooled heat pump unit designing and installing process of household central air conditioning system.%本文结合某工程实例进行了风冷热泵模块机和变频多联机空调系统的对比,得出了小型风冷热泵机组在别墅等家用空调系统中广泛应用的原因,探讨风冷热泵模块机在家用中央空调系统设计施工过程中应该注意的几点问题。

  1. An Integrated Microfabricated Chip with Double Functions as an Ion Source and Air Pump Based on LIGA Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua Li

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The injection and ionization of volatile organic compounds (VOA by an integrated chip is experimentally analyzed in this paper. The integrated chip consists of a needle-to-cylinder electrode mounting on the Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA substrate. The needle-to-cylinder electrode is designed and fabricated by Lithographie, Galvanoformung and Abformung (LIGA technology. In this paper, the needle is connected to a negative power supply of −5 kV and used as the cathode; the cylinder electrodes are composed of two arrays of cylinders and serve as the anode. The ionic wind is produced based on corona and glow discharges of needle-to-cylinder electrodes. The experimental setup is designed to observe the properties of the needle-to-cylinder discharge and prove its functions as an ion source and air pump. In summary, the main results are as follows: (1 the ionic wind velocity produced by the chip is about 0.79 m/s at an applied voltage of −3300 V; (2 acetic acid and ammonia water can be injected through the chip, which is proved by pH test paper; and (3 the current measured by a Faraday cup is about 10 pA for acetic acid and ammonia with an applied voltage of −3185 V. The integrated chip is promising for portable analytical instruments, such as ion mobility spectrometry (IMS, field asymmetric ion mobility spectrometry (FAIMS, and mass spectrometry (MS.

  2. Solar thermal energy / exhaust air heat pump / wood pellet furnace for a sustainable heat supply of low energy buildings in older buildings; Solarthermie / Abluft-Waermepumpe / Pelletofen. Kombisysteme zur nachhaltigen Waermeversorgung von Niedrigenergiehaeusern im Gebaeudebestand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diefenbach, Nikolaus; Born, Rolf [Institut Wohnen und Umwelt GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Staerz, Norbert [Ingenieurbuero inPlan, Pfungstadt (Germany)

    2009-11-13

    The research project under consideration reports on combination systems for a sustainable heat supply for low-energy buildings in older building. For this, a central and decentralized system configuration consisting of solar thermal energy, exhaust air heat pump and wood pellet furnace are presented. Solutions for an interaction of these three heat suppliers in one plant are designated regarding the control strategy. The fundamentals of the computerized simulations for the central and decentralized system are presented. A cost estimate with both variants of the combination system as well as a comparison with conventional energy-saving heat supply systems follow.

  3. Design And Conclusion of Ground-source Heat Pump System of a Villa in Jiangyin%江阴某别墅地源热泵空调系统设计与总结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴银宝

    2016-01-01

    The ground-source heat pump system is a highly efficient energy -saving environmental protection air conditioning system, in recent years it has been heavily promoted by the people .This paper, taking a ground -source heat pump system design of a villa for an example , analyses the application of the ground -source heat pump system in hvac design , in order to provide relevant experience and basis for similar projects .%地源热泵空调系统由于是一种高效节能环保型的空调系统,近年来已经受到人们的极大重视。本文以江阴某别墅地源热泵空调系统设计为例,浅析地源热泵空调系统在暖通设计中的应用,以求能为类似项目提供相关的经验及依据。

  4. Buried Tubes of Ground Source Heat Pump for Villa and Its Economic Analysis%小洋房地源热泵地埋管介绍及系统经济性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨大章; 魏林; 李帆; 顾士元

    2013-01-01

      介绍了上海理工大学3栋历史建筑(小洋房)的地源热泵地埋管系统,并对地源热泵运行的能耗和经济性进行了分析.分析结果表明,与分体空调相比,地源热泵节能率达到27.3%,投资回收期为18.3年.%The buried tubes of the ground source heat pump system in three historic buildings of the University of Shanghai for Science and Technology(villa) were described, with analysis on running energy consumption and cost of the ground source heat pump. The results show that energy-saving rate of ground source heat pump is 27.3%, less than split air-condition, with payback period of 18.3 years.

  5. Multistage quantum absorption heat pumps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Luis A.

    2014-04-01

    It is well known that heat pumps, while being all limited by the same basic thermodynamic laws, may find realization on systems as "small" and "quantum" as a three-level maser. In order to quantitatively assess how the performance of these devices scales with their size, we design generalized N-dimensional ideal heat pumps by merging N -2 elementary three-level stages. We set them to operate in the absorption chiller mode between given hot and cold baths and study their maximum achievable cooling power and the corresponding efficiency as a function of N. While the efficiency at maximum power is roughly size-independent, the power itself slightly increases with the dimension, quickly saturating to a constant. Thus, interestingly, scaling up autonomous quantum heat pumps does not render a significant enhancement beyond the optimal double-stage configuration.

  6. Multistage quantum absorption heat pumps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Luis A

    2014-04-01

    It is well known that heat pumps, while being all limited by the same basic thermodynamic laws, may find realization on systems as "small" and "quantum" as a three-level maser. In order to quantitatively assess how the performance of these devices scales with their size, we design generalized N-dimensional ideal heat pumps by merging N-2 elementary three-level stages. We set them to operate in the absorption chiller mode between given hot and cold baths and study their maximum achievable cooling power and the corresponding efficiency as a function of N. While the efficiency at maximum power is roughly size-independent, the power itself slightly increases with the dimension, quickly saturating to a constant. Thus, interestingly, scaling up autonomous quantum heat pumps does not render a significant enhancement beyond the optimal double-stage configuration.

  7. HEAT PUMP APPLICATION IN FOOD TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Péter Korzenszky

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The economy of food technologies is greatly influenced by their energy consumption. Almost no operation or procedure exists that could be executed without the need for electricity. At the same time, several technologies require direct or indirect input of thermal energy as well. An example to quote is the heating of the raw materials of food industry or the pasteurisation or sterilisation of finished products, but heating the production rooms or cleaning or washing the machinery also require energy. Needless to say food industry plants constantly seek ways to improve their energy efficiency such as the reintroduction of waste heat into the technology and the use of renewables. Heat recovering heat exchangers are used in the pasteurisation technology of milk. In case of lower temperatures, however, simple heat exchangers are of no use. Few practical examples of heat recovery obtained upon cooling products or raw materials exist in the food industry even though the possibility of this is available using heat pumps. Heat pumps have been successfully applied to heat apartments with thermal energy recovered from the cooling of soils, water or air or to utilise the excess heat of thermal spring waters. Our present article introduces the application possibility in a soda water plant, fundamentally determining the quality of soda water and showing an example of rational utilisation.

  8. Heat transfer in inclined air rectangular cavities with two localized heat sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samy M. Elsherbiny

    2015-12-01

    The investigation used rectangular enclosures with position ratios of the heaters, B1 = 0.25, B2 = 0.75, size ratio, ɛ = 0.25, and covered Rayleigh numbers based on scale length, s/A ranging from 103 to 106. The tilt angle from the horizontal was changed from Φ = 0° to 180°, and the aspect ratio was taken as A = 1, 5, and 10. The results are presented graphically in the form of streamlines and isotherm contour plots. The heat transfer characteristics, and average Nusselt numbers were also presented. A correlation for Nu is also given.

  9. Economics of heat pump systems for simultaneous heating and cooling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghosh, S.; Devotta, S.; Patwardhan, V.S.

    1987-01-01

    Heat pumps can be incorporated advantageously into processes which require simultaneously both cooling and heating. The economics of heat pumps in India for simultaneous heat and cooling is assessed with respect to process, design and economic parameters. For the typical conditions of various parameters in India, a heat pump system for simultaneous heating and cooling is very attractive.

  10. Solar Energy and Dual-Source Heat Pump Combined Drying System on Larch%太阳能与双热源热泵组合干燥落叶松

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张力; 胡传坤; 高建民; 张璧光

    2014-01-01

    For further reducing the energy consumption of wood drying process , the rational use of solar energy , we described and tested the principles , structure, the main parameters and system performance of a new solar energy and heat pump combined drying system by Beijing Forestry University .The average of air source heat pump heating coefficient P was 2.48, and the water source heat pump heating coefficient P was 3.77.By using the system for energy-saving drying test on larch , compared with the conventional steam drying , the average energy consumption of heat pump drying and combined drying saved by 67.8%and 70.32%, respectively.%为进一步降低木材干燥过程的能耗,合理利用太阳能,对北京林业大学研制的太阳能与双热源热泵联合干燥系统的主要参数、原理、结构,进行了说明和系统性能测试。设备在空气源热泵模式下平均供热系数P为2.48,水源热泵模式供热系数P为3.77。使用该系统对落叶松进行初步干燥实验,与常规蒸气干燥做对比,结果显示,热泵干燥和联合干燥与常规蒸气干燥相比分别节能67.8%和70.32%,两者均有明显节能效果。

  11. Electrical heat pumps - a renewable energy? What is the environmental balance of electrical heat pumps in comparison to other heating systems?; Elektrische Waermepumpen - eine erneuerbare Energie? Wie ist die Umweltbilanz elektrischer Waermepumpen im Vergleich zu anderen Heizungssystemen?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schuberth, Jens; Kaschenz, Helmut [Umweltbundesamt Dessau (Germany). Fachgebiet I 2.4 Energieeffizienz

    2008-05-29

    Electrical heat pumps deliver energy for the heating of buildings whereby relatively ambient heat from soil, water or air is increased on a usable temperature level. In this case, electrical power is used. Electrical heat pumps do not only use renewable environmental energy, but also electricity from not-renewable sources of energy. An installation and a correct adjustment of a heat meter are recommended. The calculation of production costs should consider not only the operating cost, but also all resulting costs in a total cost calculation. Electrical heat pumps offer a high discharge of the environment, if electric power effectively is produced. In this case, electrical heat pumps can exceed also fuel cells.

  12. 地源热泵系统节能潜力分析%Analysis of energy saving potential of ground source heat pump system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新付

    2015-01-01

    在三星级绿色公共建筑中采用地源热泵系统供冷供热,可以在建筑全寿命期内最大限度地节约能源、保护环境减少污染。本文通过对安阳市民之家(三星绿建)采用的地下室地源热泵进行定性定量分析,阐明地源热泵系统的巨大节能空间。%The use of ground source heat pump system for cold heating in the three star green building, can save energy and protect the environment to reduce pollution in the whole life period. In this paper, a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the ground source heat pump is carried out, and the great energy saving space of the ground source heat pump system is expounded.

  13. Offshore watersource heat pump applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, W.H. II [ARK Associates, Round Rock, TX (United States)

    1996-10-01

    This paper discusses applications of the Water Source Heat Pump (WSHP) technology for offshore drilling or production operations to result in a substantial savings in space conditioning to result in a substantial savings in space conditioning and domestic hot water production. An even more cost competitive application of the WSHP is the once thorough design which circulates cool water from deep in the ocean straight through the unit, then discharges it to the ocean surface. A modification of this open loop technique circulates the fluid within an abandoned well bore casing. The advantage of this system is that natural convection of warm water from deep in the well upward, as the unit returns cool water at or near the surface, will greatly enhance the thermal advantage of the system. This will enable direct use in the heating season and perhaps be sufficient to operate an absorption chiller in the cooling season. The initial cost of either of these systems is equivalent to a packaged ac system, making the WSHP an ideal energy conservation measure.

  14. Use of solar assisted absorption heat pumps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lazzarin, R.

    An absorption system can be used for both ambient cooling and heating by solar energy. Heating by an absorption heat pump can represent an interesting alternative, especially in the countries where electric power is not always easily available. Some machines available on the market have been tested. The COP behavior and heating capacity have been examined as a function of the cold source temperature and with regard to different thermal levels. The COP has reached 1.7. Some simulations have been carried out - with two different climatic conditions - to compare the performances of various ''conventional'' solar installation types with solar assisted absorption heat pumps. The series system has shown better performances, 25% to 75%, in comparison with the simpler solar installation. 16 refs.

  15. 污水源热泵供热系统实际运行工况分析%Operating Performance Analysis on Heating System of Sewage Source Heat Pumps

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王佳娜; 廖吉香; 马庆艳

    2014-01-01

    以哈尔滨市应用的某污水源热泵为例,通过应用实际测试的方法,分析了污水热能利用情况及系统供热过程中热泵机组的供热性能。结果表明:在测试期间,室内外温差很大的情况下,污水源热泵仍能满足供热要求,具有良好的稳定性。热泵机组的平均供热性能系数为2.92。%Taking the sewage source heat pump applied in Harbin as an example, the utilization of sewage energy and the heating performance of heat pump unit during the system heating progress was analyzed by the actual test way. The results show that, at the test period and under the condition of large difference between indoor temperature and outdoor temperature, the sewage source heat pump still satisfy the heating quest and have a good stability. The average heating performance of the heat pump unit is 2.92.

  16. Performance evaluation of heat pump dryer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, U S; Khan, M K

    2010-03-01

    A batch type heat pump assisted dehumidified air dryer was developed successfully with a medium range of temperatures (30-41°C) for safe drying of heat sensitive crops. Dehumidification system of the developed heat pump dryer (HPD) maintained the relative humidity (RH) of air entering the drying chamber below 40%. The inlet drying air temperature decreased during early hours of drying followed by rapid rise between the 2nd and 10th h, after which the temperature was almost stable. The RH of inlet and exhaust drying air increased initially and decreased subsequently with drying time as product became drier. The HPD was found to have a specific moisture extraction rate between 0.55 and 1.10 kg/kWh. Energy consumption for HPD for 24 h of operation was found less (4.48-5.05 kWh) than the hot air dryer (5.65-9.6 kWh) while operating under different drying conditions. Better quality dried sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) was obtained in HPD owing to lower drying air temperature.

  17. 欧盟家用空气源热泵热水器能效标准测试方法的研究%The Experimental Research on the European Coefficient of Performance Testing Methods of Household Air-source Heat-pump Water Heater

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒宏; 何林; 杨加政

    2015-01-01

    目前欧盟热泵热水器测试标准 EN 16147:2011,Heat pumps with electrically driven compressors- Testing and requirements for marking of domestic hot water units已于2011年7月开始实施,但国内的标准GB/T 23137-2008并未有相应的更改。本文将通过测试静态加热式热泵热水器来对比分析其能效测试结果相对于国标测试方法的不同,并分析出目前国内开发的主流的热泵热水器在售后使用时的真正能效是否节能,并考虑到售后使用的能效情况,提出设计热泵热水器时的优化节能方向和售后客户使用的节能注意事项。%The European standard, EN 16147:2011,Heat pumps with electrically driven compressors - Testing and requirements for marking of domestic hot water units, has been put into effect from July, 2011. However, Chinese na-tional standard is still the GB/T 23137-2008 which hasn’t made the corresponding changes. In this paper, it tests the static heating water heat pump and use its data to compare and analyze the differences of Chinese national standard and European standard, including the coefficient of performance which used by users. Furthermore, this paper points out the development direction of energy conservation of heat-pump water heater and the matters needing attention for us-ers in consideration of the coefficient of performance.

  18. Magnetic Heat Pump Containing Flow Diverters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Frank S.

    1995-01-01

    Proposed magnetic heat pump contains flow diverters for suppression of undesired flows. If left unchecked, undesired flows mix substantial amounts of partially heated and partially cooled portions of working fluid, effectively causing leakage of heat from heated side to cooled side. By reducing leakage of heat, flow diverters increase energy efficiency of magnetic heat pump, potentially offering efficiency greater than compressor-driven refrigerator.

  19. Technology Solutions Case Study: Air-To-Water Heat Pumps with Radiant Delivery in Low Load Homes, Tucson, Arizona and Chico, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-11-01

    Space conditioning represents nearly 50% of average residential household energy consumption, highlighting the need to identify alternative cost-effective, energy-efficient cooling and heating strategies. As homes are better built, there is an increasing need for strategies that are particularly well suited for high performance, low load homes. ARBI researchers worked with two test homes in hot-dry climates to evaluate the in-situ performance of air-to-water heat pump (AWHP) systems, an energy efficient space conditioning solution designed to cost-effectively provide comfort in homes with efficient, safe, and durable operation. Both systems were fully instrumented and have been monitored over one year to capture complete performance data over the cooling and heating seasons. Results are used to quantify energy savings, cost-effectiveness, and system performance using different operating modes and strategies. This strategy is most effective in tight, insulated homes with high levels of thermal mass (i.e. exposed slab floors).

  20. Empirical Platform Data Analysis to Investigate how Heat Pumps Operate in Real-Life Conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carmo, Carolina; Elmegaard, Brian; Nielsen, Mads Pagh

    2015-01-01

    Heat pumps have been widely acknowledged, by academia and industry, as highly efficient thermal energy technologies, for space heating and domestic hot water production. However, there is a lack of information about real performance in residential single family houses with active participation...... heat pump configurations are considered depending on source (ground or air) and sink (radiators, floor heating and/or combined systems). This unique study intends to point out the benefits and limitations of such technologies in terms of energy efficiency and comfort delivery, as well as investigating...

  1. Chemical dehumidification and heat recovery: Open-cycle heat pump

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lazzarin, R.; Longo, G.A.; Piccininni, F. (Padua Univ. (Italy). Ist. di Fisica Tecnica)

    1992-02-01

    This article examines an open-cycle heat pump based on a stacked column working with an absorbing solution. The column treats both the expelled air and the fumes generated by the combustion of the methane feeding the solution regenerator. The system is quite easy: it consists of a stacked column, a regenerator with its condenser and four heat exchangers. A simulation - based on a 12kW charge with a 1000 kg/h air exchange - proved that it is possible to obtain an REP higher than 1.5.

  2. Heat cascading regenerative sorption heat pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jack A. (Inventor)

    1995-01-01

    A simple heat cascading regenerative sorption heat pump process with rejected or waste heat from a higher temperature chemisorption circuit (HTCC) powering a lower temperature physisorption circuit (LTPC) which provides a 30% total improvement over simple regenerative physisorption compression heat pumps when ammonia is both the chemisorbate and physisorbate, and a total improvement of 50% or more for LTPC having two pressure stages. The HTCC contains ammonia and a chemisorbent therefor contained in a plurality of canisters, a condenser-evaporator-radiator system, and a heater, operatively connected together. The LTPC contains ammonia and a physisorbent therefor contained in a plurality of compressors, a condenser-evaporator-radiator system, operatively connected together. A closed heat transfer circuit (CHTC) is provided which contains a flowing heat transfer liquid (FHTL) in thermal communication with each canister and each compressor for cascading heat from the HTCC to the LTPC. Heat is regenerated within the LTPC by transferring heat from one compressor to another. In one embodiment the regeneration is performed by another CHTC containing another FHTL in thermal communication with each compressor. In another embodiment the HTCC powers a lower temperature ammonia water absorption circuit (LTAWAC) which contains a generator-absorber system containing the absorbent, and a condenser-evaporator-radiator system, operatively connected together. The absorbent is water or an absorbent aqueous solution. A CHTC is provided which contains a FHTL in thermal communication with the generator for cascading heat from the HTCC to the LTAWAC. Heat is regenerated within the LTAWAC by transferring heat from the generator to the absorber. The chemical composition of the chemisorbent is different than the chemical composition of the physisorbent, and the absorbent. The chemical composition of the FHTL is different than the chemisorbent, the physisorbent, the absorbent, and ammonia.

  3. Dual-stroke heat pump field performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veyo, S. E.

    1984-11-01

    Two nearly identical proprototype systems, each employing a unique dual-stroke compressor, were built and tested. One was installed in an occupied residence in Jeannette, Pa. It has provided the heating and cooling required from that time to the present. The system has functioned without failure of any prototypical advanced components, although early field experience did suffer from deficiencies in the software for the breadboard micro processor control system. Analysis of field performance data indicates a heating performance factor (HSPF) of 8.13 Stu/Wa, and a cooling energy efficiency (SEER) of 8.35 Scu/Wh. Data indicate that the beat pump is oversized for the test house since the observed lower balance point is 3 F whereas 17 F La optimum. Oversizing coupled with the use of resistance heat ot maintain delivered air temperature warmer than 90 F results in the consumption of more resistance heat than expected, more unit cycling, and therefore lower than expected energy efficiency. Our analysis indicates that with optimal mixing the dual stroke heat pump will yield as HSFF 30% better than a single capacity heat pump representative of high efficiency units in the market place today for the observed weather profile.

  4. Retrofitting the Operation Condition Around Air Cooled Heat Pump at Kirin Plaza%嘉麒大厦风冷热泵工作环境节能改造实例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郏京武

    2014-01-01

    风冷热泵的布置位置、周围空气通风情况、是否受太阳光直射等因素影响着风冷热泵的运行效果。通过将风冷热泵附近固定窗改为百叶,在风冷热泵出风口增加钢质拔风罩,以及夏季对风冷热泵冷凝器翅片进行喷雾等措施,改善了风冷热泵的运行环境。%Some factors influence the operation of air cooled heat pump. The location of the heat pump, the ventilation around heat pump and the sunshine can directly act on heat pump. Improving method for the operation condition around the heat pumps on site are expounded, including changing fixed window glasses to louvers, installing steel downstream at the air outlets of heat pump and installing water spray sys-tem for condenser fins of heat pumps.

  5. Upscaling a district heating system based on biogas cogeneration and heat pumps

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leeuwen, van Richard P.; Fink, Jiří; Wit, de Jan B.; Smit, Gerard J.M.

    2015-01-01

    The energy supply of the Meppel district Nieuwveense landen is based on biogas cogeneration, district heating, and ground source heat pumps. A centrally located combined heat and power engine (CHP) converts biogas from the municipal wastewater treatment facility into electricity for heat pumps and h

  6. 关于空调用热泵的若干概念辨析%Discussion of some concepts about the heat pumps for air conditioning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖兰生; 张瑞芝

    2011-01-01

    Analyses the historical causes of the two definition of heat pumps in broad and narrow senses. Suggests to.establish a concept of heat pump in broad sense on the basis of heat pump theory. Discusses the definition of heat pumps in the broad sense, the differences between heat pump unit and system and the integration of the heat pump operation economical index.%分析了热泵的狭义与广义两种概念的历史成因,建议在热泵理论基础上确立广义热泵的概念.对广义概念下的热泵定义、热泵机组与系统的区分以及热泵运行经济性指标的整合等问题进行了探讨.

  7. Domestic heat pumps in the UK. User behaviour, satisfaction and performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caird, S.; Roy, R.; Potter, S. [Design Innovation Group, Dept. Design, Development, Environment and Materials, Faculty of Mathematics, Computing and Technology, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA (United Kingdom)

    2012-08-15

    Consumer adoption of microgeneration technologies is part of the UK strategy to reduce carbon emissions from buildings. Domestic heat pumps are viewed as a potentially important carbon saving technology, given the ongoing decarbonisation of the electricity supply system. To address the lack of independent evaluation of heat pump performance, the Energy Saving Trust undertook the UK's first large-scale heat pump field trial, which monitored 83 systems in real installations. As part of the trial, the Open University studied the consumers' experience of using a domestic heat pump. An in-depth user survey investigated the characteristics, behaviour, and satisfactions of private householders and social housing residents using ground source and air source heat pumps for space and/or water heating, and examined the influence of user-related factors on measured heat pump system efficiency. The surveys found that most users were satisfied with the reliability, heating, hot water, warmth and comfort provided by their system. Analysis of user characteristics showed that higher system efficiencies were associated with greater user understanding of their heat pump system, and more continuous heat pump operation, although larger samples are needed for robust statistical confirmation. The analysis also found that the more efficient systems in the sample were more frequently located in the private dwellings than at the social housing sites and this difference was significant. This is explained by the interaction between differences in the systems, dwellings and users at the private and social housing sites. The implications for heat pump research, practice and policy are discussed.

  8. Carbon Dioxide Absorption Heat Pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jack A. (Inventor)

    2002-01-01

    A carbon dioxide absorption heat pump cycle is disclosed using a high pressure stage and a super-critical cooling stage to provide a non-toxic system. Using carbon dioxide gas as the working fluid in the system, the present invention desorbs the CO2 from an absorbent and cools the gas in the super-critical state to deliver heat thereby. The cooled CO2 gas is then expanded thereby providing cooling and is returned to an absorber for further cycling. Strategic use of heat exchangers can increase the efficiency and performance of the system.

  9. About Variable Speed Heating and Cooling Pumps

    OpenAIRE

    Cătălin Popovici; Jan Ignat

    2009-01-01

    The present work has the purpose of underlying the advantages of variable speed heating and cooling pumps use for the perspective of general and particular pumping costs and efficiency. The study approaches comparisons between constant flow pumps and variable flow pumps in different given situations and comparatively analyses the pumping costs.

  10. Performance and Carbon Emission Analysis on Glass-covering Greenhouse Heating with Ground Source Heat Pump Technology%玻璃温室地源热泵供暖性能与碳排放分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴立龙; 马承伟

    2012-01-01

    The heating test was conducted in a glass-covering multi-span greenhouse ( 756 m ) with groundwater-style GSHP technology. The heat quantity estimating models based on air enthalpy difference method ( AEDM) were developed according to the heating characteristics of GSHP. The economical performance and carbon footprint ( greenhouse gas emission level) of the GSHP was analyzed and compared with currently widely used coal fired heating system ( CFHs) and natural gas fired heating system (GFHs) based on investigated various energy sources price during heating tests. According to the compared results, the GSHPs heating cost is higher than CFHs, but lower than GFHs. Meanwhile, GSHPs CO2 emission during heating is higher than GFHs, but lower than CFHs.In view of the strong coupling between temperature and relative humidity in the greenhouse simulation system, an adaptive decoupling method based on dynamic matrix control was proposed. Taking the measure of feedforward compensation to eliminate interaction between channels of temperature and humidity, an adaptive decoupling algorithm by weighting was designed. The proposed method can adjust the decoupling parameters online under different operating modes, effectively overcome the effect of model severe mismatch to control accuracy. Compared with the traditional PID control, simulation and experimental results both indicated the proposed strategy greatly improved the control performance.%在北京地区一栋玻璃连栋温室(756 m2)中采用地下水式地源热泵(ground source heat pump,简称GSHP)技术进行了冬季供暖试验,并结合GSHP技术的供热特点构建了基于供热末端空气焓差法的供热量计算模型以及供热系统性能分析方法.根据供暖期北京地区能源价格水平,对比当前广泛使用的燃煤供暖系统和天然气供暖系统,系统地评价了GSHP技术的碳排放(温室气体排放水平)和供暖经济性.GSHP供暖成本低于同期燃气供暖,但

  11. Performance of a solar augmented heat pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedinger, A. F. G.; Tomlinsin, J. J.; Reid, R. L.; Chaffin, D. J.

    Performance results from a test house equipped with a parallel solar augmented heat pump system with off-peak storage and a utility interconnection back-up, are presented. The collector array consisted of 12 air heating flat plates with a 9 l/sec flow. Thermal storage was consigned to a 260 cu ft crushed limestone pebble bed, with an 8.8 kW heat pump used to draw heat from storage during off-peak hours and a 15 kW electrical resistance heater used to charge the pebble bed. Monitoring and data recording were carried out on all energy inputs and outputs of the systems, and a modified TRNSYS program was employed to model the system performance. The data indicate that although the system offered the possibility of reducing the utility capacity, the addition of the solar system did not significantly augment the performance of the heat-pump system, at least in terms of the cost of supplementary electricity.

  12. Simulating the thermal operating conditions in the thermal wells of ground-source heat-pump heat supply systems. Part I: Porous moisture freezing processes in soil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasilyev, G. P.; Peskov, N. V.; Lichman, V. A.; Gornov, V. F.; Kolesova, M. V.

    2015-08-01

    The mathematical models laid down in the new blocks of the INSOLAR.GSHP.12 software system simulating unsteady operating conditions of ground-source heat-pump (GSHP) heat supply systems are presented. The new model blocks take into account the effect the freezing of porous moisture in soil has on the GSHP system performance efficiency. Illustration is given to the need of taking into account the porous moisture freezing/thawing processes in soil, and the results from investigations devoted to the opening possibilities of constructing adaptive GSHP systems with controlled intensity of heat transfer in the soil-thermal well system are presented. The development of software simulating the porous moisture phase state variation processes in soil was preceded by development of mathematical equations representing the thermal conditions of soil body involving porous moisture freezing/thawing processes. A description of these equations is also given in the article. In constructing the mathematical model, the notion "effective thermal conductivity" of soil was introduced for taking into account the latent heat of phase transition that releases during the freezing of moisture. The above-mentioned effective thermal conductivity of soil involves two components: the soil thermal conductivity coefficient itself and an additional term modifying the thermal conductivity value for taking into account the influence of phase transition. For quantitatively evaluating the soil effective thermal conductivity component that takes into account the influence of phase transition, the soil freezing zone radius around the thermal well was determined. The obtained analytic solutions have been implemented in the form of computer program blocks, after which a "numerical experiment" was carried out for estimating the effect the porous moisture freezing/thawing processes have on the soil thermal conditions. It was demonstrated during that experiment that the soil thermal conductivities determined

  13. 原生污水源热泵直接系统与间接系统对比分析%Comparative Analysis between Direct and Indirect Untreated Sewage Source Heat Pump Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨胜东

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, usingUntreated Sewage Source Heat Pump Systems for buildings’heating and air-conditioning is increasing as well as its social accep-tance. However, most of them apply indirect heat-exchanging systems. There lacks high awareness to direct heat-exchanging system of greater advantages. On the basis of comprehensive heat-pump project experiences, the paper not only gives briefintroduction to the direct and indirect heat exchanger system, but also makes both economical and environmentalcomparison between them. Through above analysis, the paper displays their similarities and differences, which provides some reference to analyzing untreated heat pump projects.%近年来,随着利用原生污水源热泵系统进行供暖、空调的建筑物不断增加,社会认可度也不断的提升,但多数系统为间接换热系统,对于优势较大的直接换热系统认知度仍不是很高,本文综合已有的项目经验,对直接换热系统与间接换热系统进行简要介绍,并对两者的经济与效益对比分析,通过以上的对比分析,了解两种系统的相同点与不同点,为污水源热泵项目分析提供一些参考。

  14. HEAT PUMP TECHNOLOGY – POTENTIAL IMPACT ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROBLEM AND CLIMATE ACTION GOALS WITHIN UKRAINIAN ENERGY SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Ostapenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The increasing demand of energy sources for urban, household and industrial facilities requires strategies development for seeking new energy sources. In recent years an important problem is to have energy storage, energy production and energy consumption which fulfill the environment friendly expectations. A lot of attention is devoted to renewable energy sources. One of the most attracting among them is energy production form geothermal sources. At a few meters below the earth’s surface the underground maintains a constant temperature in an approximation through the year allowing to withdraw heat in winter for heating needs and to surrender heat during summer for air-conditioning purposes. Heat pump is a rapidly developing technology for heating and domestic hot water production. Using ground as a heat source, heat exchange is carried out with heat pumps compound to vertical ground heat exchanger tubes that allows the heating and cooling of the buildings utilizing a single unit installation. Heat pump unit provides a high degree of productivity with moderate electric power consumption. In this paper a theoretical performance study of a vapor compression heat pump system with various natural and synthetic refrigerants (HFCs is presented. Operation mode of the heat pump unit was chosen according to European Standard EN14511-2:2007 and EN255-2. An influence of discharge temperature on system performance was evaluated at different boiling temperatures. The comparison of mass flow rate and coefficient of performance for considered refrigerants at constant cooling capacity and condensation temperature was performed.

  15. Energy Savings Potential for Pumping Water in District Heating Stations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan Sarbu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In district heating stations, the heat carrier is circulated between the energy source and consumers by a pumping system. Fluid handling systems, such as pumping systems, are responsible for a significant portion of the total electrical energy use. Significant opportunities exist to reduce pumping energy through smart design, retrofitting, and operating practices. Most existing systems requiring flow control make use of bypass lines, throttling valves or pump speed adjustments. The most efficient of these options is pump speed control. One of the issues in using variable-speed pumping systems, however, is the total efficiency of the electric motor/pump arrangement under a given operating condition. This paper provides a comprehensive discussion about pump control in heating stations and analyzes the energy efficiency of flow control methods. Specific attention is also given to the selection of motor types, sizing and pump duty cycle. A comparative energy analysis is performed on the hot water discharge adjustment using throttling control valves and variable-speed drives in a district heating station constructed in Romania. To correlate the pumped flow rate with the heat demand and to ensure the necessary pressure using minimum energy, an automatic system has been designed. The performances of these control methods are evaluated in two practical applications. The results show that approximately 20%–50% of total pumping energy could be saved by using the optimal control method with variable-speed pumps. Additionally, some modernization solutions to reduce the environmental impact of heating stations are described.

  16. Operation Characteristics of Ground Source Heat Pump for Centralized Hot Water Supply in High-rise Buildings%地源热泵用于高层建筑集中供热水的运行特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳; 胡映宁; 林俊

    2012-01-01

    自主设计了地源热泵热水/空调冷热联供系统和单纯的地源热泵供热水系统,并将其应用于高层建筑中.运用单因素方法,研究循环介质流量等对热泵系统运行特性的影响,确定最佳流量,并通过测试计算系统的能耗.结果表明,在地源热泵热水/空调冷热联供系统中,采用地源制热水时的机组能效比和系统能效比分别为4.7和4.2,冷热联供时的机组综合能效比和系统综合能效比分别为8.63和6.39;系统全年制热水耗电量为6.35 kW·h/m3,与电锅炉加热方式和太阳能+电辅助加热方式相比,可分别节省82.2%和46.7%的电量.在单纯的地源热泵供热水系统中,机组能效比和系统能效比分别为4.8和4.3,全年制热水总耗电量为11.13 kW·h/m3,与电锅炉加热方式和太阳能+电辅助加热方式相比,可分别节省74.69%和24%的电量.由此说明,地源热泵集中供热水系统应用于高层建筑的节能效果显著.%A ground source heat pump hot-water/air-conditioning system and a stand-alone ground source heat pump hot-water system were designed and used in high-rise buildings. The influence of circulation medium flow on the operation characteristics of heat pump system was studied, the optimal flow was determined, and the energy consumption of the systems was calculated by testing. The results showed that for the ground source heap pump hot-water/air-conditioning system, the unit energy efficiency ratio and the system energy efficiency ratio were 4. 7 and 4. 2, respectively, when supplying hot water. The unit integrated energy efficiency ratio and the system integrated energy efficiency ratio were 8. 63 and 6. 39, respectively, when supplying hot water and cooling. The annual power consumption for supplying hot water was 6. 35 kW · h/m3, and the power savings were 82. 2% and 46. 7% compared with electric boiler heating and solar electric heating. For the ground source heat pump hot-water system, the

  17. Geothermal Heat Pump Benchmarking Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1997-01-17

    A benchmarking study was conducted on behalf of the Department of Energy to determine the critical factors in successful utility geothermal heat pump programs. A Successful program is one that has achieved significant market penetration. Successfully marketing geothermal heat pumps has presented some major challenges to the utility industry. However, select utilities have developed programs that generate significant GHP sales. This benchmarking study concludes that there are three factors critical to the success of utility GHP marking programs: (1) Top management marketing commitment; (2) An understanding of the fundamentals of marketing and business development; and (3) An aggressive competitive posture. To generate significant GHP sales, competitive market forces must by used. However, because utilities have functioned only in a regulated arena, these companies and their leaders are unschooled in competitive business practices. Therefore, a lack of experience coupled with an intrinsically non-competitive culture yields an industry environment that impedes the generation of significant GHP sales in many, but not all, utilities.

  18. Sorption Refrigeration / Heat Pump Cycles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Bidyut Baran; Alam, K. C. Amanul; Hamamoto, Yoshinori; Akisawa, Atsushi; Kashiwagi, Takao

    Over the past few decades there have been considerable efforts to use adsorption (solid/vapor) for cooling and heat pump applications, but intensified efforts were initiated only since the imposition of international restrictions on the production and use of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) and HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons). Up to now, only the desiccant evaporative cooling system of the open type has achieved commercial use, predominantly in the United States. Closed-type adsorption refrigeration and heat pump systems are rarely seen in the market, or are still in the laboratory testing stage. Promising recent development have been made in Japan for the use of porous metal hydrides and composite adsorbents. In this paper, a short description of adsorption theories along with an overview of present status and future development trends of thermally powered adsorption refrigeration cycles are outlined putting emphasis on experimental achievements. This paper also addressed some advanced absorption cycles having relatively higher COP, and also summarizes fundamental concepts of GAX cycles and various GAX cycles developed for heat pump applications.

  19. Comfortable, high-efficiency heat pump with desiccant-coated, water-sorbing heat exchangers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Y. D.; Wang, R. Z.; Ge, T. S.; Zheng, X.

    2017-01-01

    Comfortable, efficient, and affordable heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems in buildings are highly desirable due to the demands of energy efficiency and environmental friendliness. Traditional vapor-compression air conditioners exhibit a lower coefficient of performance (COP) (typically 2.8–3.8) owing to the cooling-based dehumidification methods that handle both sensible and latent loads together. Temperature- and humidity-independent control or desiccant systems have been proposed to overcome these challenges; however, the COP of current desiccant systems is quite small and additional heat sources are usually needed. Here, we report on a desiccant-enhanced, direct expansion heat pump based on a water-sorbing heat exchanger with a desiccant coating that exhibits an ultrahigh COP value of more than 7 without sacrificing any comfort or compactness. The pump’s efficiency is doubled compared to that of pumps currently used in conventional room air conditioners, which is a revolutionary HVAC breakthrough. Our proposed water-sorbing heat exchanger can independently handle sensible and latent loads at the same time. The desiccants adsorb moisture almost isothermally and can be regenerated by condensation heat. This new approach opens up the possibility of achieving ultrahigh efficiency for a broad range of temperature- and humidity-control applications. PMID:28079171

  20. Comfortable, high-efficiency heat pump with desiccant-coated, water-sorbing heat exchangers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Y. D.; Wang, R. Z.; Ge, T. S.; Zheng, X.

    2017-01-01

    Comfortable, efficient, and affordable heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems in buildings are highly desirable due to the demands of energy efficiency and environmental friendliness. Traditional vapor-compression air conditioners exhibit a lower coefficient of performance (COP) (typically 2.8–3.8) owing to the cooling-based dehumidification methods that handle both sensible and latent loads together. Temperature- and humidity-independent control or desiccant systems have been proposed to overcome these challenges; however, the COP of current desiccant systems is quite small and additional heat sources are usually needed. Here, we report on a desiccant-enhanced, direct expansion heat pump based on a water-sorbing heat exchanger with a desiccant coating that exhibits an ultrahigh COP value of more than 7 without sacrificing any comfort or compactness. The pump’s efficiency is doubled compared to that of pumps currently used in conventional room air conditioners, which is a revolutionary HVAC breakthrough. Our proposed water-sorbing heat exchanger can independently handle sensible and latent loads at the same time. The desiccants adsorb moisture almost isothermally and can be regenerated by condensation heat. This new approach opens up the possibility of achieving ultrahigh efficiency for a broad range of temperature- and humidity-control applications.

  1. Performance and Characteristics of Heat Pump Clothes Drier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambarita, H.; Nasution, D. M.; Gunawan, S.; Nasution, A. H.

    2017-03-01

    In this paper, a study of clothes drying using a heat pump drier has been carried out. The objective is to examine the performance and drying characteristics of the heat pump clothes dryer. The result of performances and drying characteristics were compared with waste heat drying system of split-type residential air conditioner (RAC). A drying chamber with volume 1 m3 integrated with heat pump component had been designed and fabricated. The heat pump operated by vapor compression cycle with power input of 800W and refrigerant R22 as a working fluid. The clothes dried made of pure cotton with initial weight varied from 3.00 kg, 5.25 kg, and 6.38 kg, respectively. The results shown that the drying time and drying rate of heat pump drier are faster than waste heat drying system. The average total performance of heat pump clothes drier is 6.56. On the other hand, SMER which is obtained 1.492 kg/kWh. These values are lower than the SMER of waste heat drying system which shown the average value of 2.492 kg/kWh. In the case of drying clothes, waste heat drying of RAC shows a better performance in comparison with heat pump drying system.

  2. 上海地源热泵应用综论%SUMMARY OF APPLICATION OF GROUND-SOURCE HEAT PUMP IN SHANGHAI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐益群; 张墨丹

    2011-01-01

    In this paper,application prospects of the ground-source heat pump (GSHP) in Shanghai were comprehensively analyzed from geothermal resources,geological conditions,technical and economic conditions and so on. The result showed that the GSHP has broad application in the future of Shanghai, because of not only the abundant occurrence condition (12 prospective areas of geothermal resources in Shanghai) but also being relatively more economical compared with the traditional air-conditioning system. Finally,some specific suggestions to application and development planning of GSHP in Shanghai were proposed by analyzing and exploring some potential problems of application of the GSHP.%本文从地热资源、地质条件、技术经济等方面分析了地源热泵在上海的应用前景.从地源热泵的赋存条件上来看,上海可分为12个地热资源远景区,而从技术经济的可行性分析上,相比传统的空调系统,也体现了其优越性;综合证明了地源热泵在上海广阔的应用前景.最后从科学合理开发利用浅层地温能以及地下空间稳定性角度,通过总结分析地热资源利用上潜在的一些问题,对上海地源热泵的利用和发展规划提出了具体建议.

  3. Empirical Platform Data Analysis to Investigate how Heat Pumps Operate in Real-Life Conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carmo, Carolina; Elmegaard, Brian; Nielsen, M. P.

    2015-01-01

    Heat pumps have been widely acknowledged, by academia and industry, as highly efficient thermal energy technologies, for space heating and domestic hot water production. However, there is a lack of information about real performance in residential single family houses with active participation...... of end-users. In this paper, an analysis based on data from 242 heat pump installations in Denmark gathered over a period up to 4 years (2010 until today) is performed. COP, operating temperatures and socio-demographic data are used as basis for comparing theoretical and actual performance. Six different...... heat pump configurations are considered depending on source (ground or air) and sink (radiators, floor heating and/or combined systems). This unique study intends to point out the benefits and limitations of such technologies in terms of energy efficiency and comfort delivery, as well as investigating...

  4. Feasibility of drying system using waste heat as the heating source

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, M. N.; Shi, Y. L.; Chen, L. X.

    2016-08-01

    In this study, a wastewater heat pump system was proposed and its thermal performance was analyzed. The proposed system includes two evaporators: an air-source evaporator and a water-source evaporator. The air-source evaporator absorbs heat from the moist hot air which exhaust from the drying oven. The water-source evaporator absorbs heat from the waste water, while the waste water recovers heat from the mechanical energy, which was produced by cutting and polishing in stone production. The thermodynamic model was developed to evaluate the performance of the proposed system. The energetic analysis was carried out to investigate the influences of the temperature of fresh air. The results show significantly higher energy efficiency, compact-sized and energy-saving compared with the system which uses air as the heat source. Among the seven of alternative refrigerants (R152a, R123, R1234yf, R1234ze, R600a, R22 and R600) investigated, R123 was suggested to be used in this heat pump for its high heating efficiency, inflammable, very low ODP(Ozone Depletion Potential) and GWP(Global warming potential).

  5. 空气源热泵地板供暖系统在北方寒冷地区应用的节能性与适用性%Energy efficiency and applicability of air-source heat pump floor radiant heating system in the Northern cold areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李元哲; 于涛; 陈天侠

    2012-01-01

    从理论计算与工程实践两方面探讨了3种辐射供暖地板的表面温度、热阻及水温,分析表明在北方寒冷地区节能建筑中应用低温热水是可行的,并且节能效果明显.%Discusses the surface temperature, thermal resistance and water temperature of three kinds of radiation heating floors by theoretic calculation and project practice. The analysis shows that the application of low temperature water in energy efficient buildings in the area is practicable and the energy saving effects are obvious.

  6. Temperature distributions in pavement and bridge slabs heated by using vertical ground-source heat pump systems - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v35i4.15712

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asım Balbay

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Temperature distribution which occurs in pavement and bridge slabs heated for de-icing and snow melting during cold periods is determined by using vertical ground-source heat pump (GSHP systems with U-tube ground heat exchanger (GHE. The bridge and pavement models (slabs for de-icing and snow melting were constructed. A three-dimensional finite element model (FEM was developed to simulate temperature distribution of bridge slab (BS and pavement slab (PS. The temperature distribution simulations of PS and BS were conducted numerically by computational fluid dynamics (CFD program named ‘Fluent’. Congruence between the simulations and experimental data was determined.   

  7. A regenerative elastocaloric heat pump

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelbrecht, Kurt; Eriksen, Dan; Dallolio, Stefano

    2016-01-01

    A large fraction of global energy use is for refrigeration and air-conditioning, which could be decarbonized if efficient renewable energy technologies could be found. Vapour-compression technology remains the most widely used system to move heat up the temperature scale after more than 100 years...

  8. News from heat-pump research - Large-scale heat pumps, components, heat pumps and solar heating; News aus der Waermepumpen-Forschung - Gross-Waermepumpen, Komponenten, Waermepumpe und Solar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-06-15

    These proceedings summarise the presentations made at the 16{sup th} annual meeting held by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy's Heat Pump Research Program in Burgdorf, Switzerland. The proceedings include contributions on large-scale heat pumps, components and the activities of the heat pump promotion society. A summary of targets and trends in energy research in general is presented and an overview of the heat pump market in 2009 and future perspectives is given. International work within the framework of the International Energy Agency's heat pump group is reviewed, including solar - heat pump combinations. Field-monitoring and the analysis of large-scale heat pumps are discussed and the importance of the use of correct concepts in such installations is stressed. Large-scale heat pumps with carbon dioxide as working fluid are looked at, as are output-regulated air/water heat pumps. Efficient system solutions with heat pumps used both to heat and to cool are discussed. Deep geothermal probes and the potential offered by geothermal probes using carbon dioxide as a working fluid are discussed. The proceedings are rounded off with a list of useful addresses.

  9. Exploring heating performance of gas engine heat pump with heat recovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董付江; 刘凤国; 李先庭; 尤学一; 赵冬芳

    2016-01-01

    In order to evaluate the heating performance of gas engine heat pump (GEHP) for air-conditioning and hot water supply, a test facility was developed and experiments were performed over a wide range of engine speed (1400−2600 r/min), ambient air temperature (2.4−17.8 °C) and condenser water inlet temperature (30−50 °C). The results show that as engine speed increases from 1400 r/min to 2600 r/min, the total heating capacity and energy consumption increase by about 30% and 89%, respectively; while the heat pump coefficient of performance (COP) and system primary energy ratio (PER) decrease by 44% and 31%, respectively. With the increase of ambient air temperature from 2.4 °C to 17.8 °C, the heat pump COP and system PER increase by 32% and 19%, respectively. Moreover, the heat pump COP and system PER decrease by 27% and 15%, respectively, when the condenser water inlet temperature changes from 30 °C to 50 °C. So, it is obvious that the effect of engine speed on the performance is more significant than the effects of ambient air temperature and condenser water inlet temperature.

  10. Field measurement and analysis of a seawater source heat pump district heating system in Dalian%大连某海水源热泵区域供热系统的实测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒海文; 祝明睿; 曾琦杰; 任志勇; 贾欣; 徐策; 端木琳

    2014-01-01

    Based on the field measurement data,analyses the energy efficiency values of the seawater source heat pump unit and the whole district heating system.The results show that the seawater source heat pump unit can still run under very low seawater temperature condition in winter,but the coefficient of heating performance (COP)of the unit is quite low (as low as 2.43)and the COP of the whole system is even lower (with an average of 1.86).Then analyses the influencing factors on the heating performance of the heat pump unit.Simulation result shows that the heating COP of the heat pump unit can increase 34. 2%,and the heating COP of the system can increase 24.2% just by the substitution of the current seawater source heat pump unit with better performance ones in the market.%根据现场实测数据,分析了热泵机组及整个热泵区域供热系统的能效情况。结果表明,海水源热泵机组在冬季海水温度极低的情况下仍可运转,但机组的制热性能系数很低(约为2.43),系统整体的制热性能系数则更低(测试平均值为1.86)。进一步分析了影响机组制热性能的因素。模拟计算发现,若选择市场上性能优良的热泵机组,其制热性能系数将提升34.2%,系统整体能效可提升约24.2%。

  11. 污水源热泵技术在城市住宅供暖中的应用研究%Application Research on Sewage Source Heat Pump Technology in Urban Residential Heating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于浩; 刘静; 肖天鹏

    2015-01-01

    With the development of the city and the growth of energy demand, the heat recovery and utilization of waste water is getting more and more attention. The development of sewage source heat pump technology is important for building energy saving. This paper introduces the working principle and characteristics of sewage source heat pump system, describes the development and utilization process of sewage source heat pump technology and engineering situation in domestic and foreign countries, analyses the potential of urban sewage and the development prospect of sewage source heat pump technology, and points out that it has a great prospect of the energy resources through utilizing the temperature difference between the sewage water and the environment, the optimum heat source distance is the precondition of the development and utilization of sewage source heat pump, the development of sewage source heat pump system can fully utilize the secondary eflfuent water or sewage from city sewage treatment plant as water source, through the rational use of water lfow and temperature difference for urban residential heating. Based on the current situation of China's energy and environment, sewage source heat pump system has a good market prospect, is a kind of energy development and utilization method which worth promoting.%随着城市的发展和能源需求的增长,污水的热能回收利用越来越受到关注,开发污水源热泵技术对建筑节能降耗具有重要意义。本文就污水源热泵系统的工作原理、特点等方面进行了介绍,阐述了国内外污水源热泵技术的开发利用历程与工程现状,分析了城市污水热能资源潜力以及污水源热泵技术的发展前景,指出利用污水与环境的温差获取热能具有十分巨大的能量资源前景,适宜的热源距离是污水源热泵开发利用的先决条件,开发污水源热泵系统,可以充分利用城市污水处理厂的二级出水或城市

  12. DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH PERFORMANCE COLD CLIMATE HEAT PUMP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horton, W. Travis [Purdue University; Groll, Eckhard A. [Purdue University; Braun, James E. [Purdue University

    2014-06-01

    The primary goals of the proposed project were to develop, test, and evaluate a high performance and cost-effective vapor compression air-source heat pump for use in cold climate regions. Vapor compression heat pumps are a proven technology, and have been used for many years to meet heating requirements for buildings in residential, commercial, and industrial applications. However, in climate regions that experience very low outdoor ambient temperatures both the heating capacity and coefficient of performance (COP) of traditional air-source vapor compression heat pumps drops dramatically with a decrease in the outdoor air temperature. The efficiency of heat pumping equipment has improved substantially over the past 20 years; however, the efficiencies of the highest rated equipment on the market are approaching practical limits that cannot be surpassed without modifications to the basic cycle and possibly the use of additional hardware. In this report, three technologies to improve the efficiency of vapor compression systems are described. These are a) vapor injected compression, b) oil flooded compression and c) hybrid flow control of the evaporator. Compressor prototypes for both, oil flooded and vapor injected compression were developed by Emerson Climate Technologies. For the oil flooded compressor, the oil injection port location was optimized and an internal oil separator was added using several design iterations. After initial testing at Emerson Climate Technologies, further testing was done at Purdue University, and compressor models were developed. These models were then integrated into a system model to determine the achievable improvement of seasonal energy efficiency (SEER) for Minneapolis (Minnesota) climate. For the oil flooded compression, a 34% improvement in seasonal energy efficiency was found while a 21% improvement in seasonal energy efficiency ratio was found for the vapor injected compression. It was found that one benefit of both tested

  13. Exergy analysis of the performance of low-temperature district heating system with geothermal heat pump

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekret Robert

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Exergy analysis of low temperature geothermal heat plant with compressor and absorption heat pump was carried out. In these two concepts heat pumps are using geothermal water at 19.5 oC with spontaneous outflow 24 m3/h as a heat source. The research compares exergy efficiency and exergy destruction of considered systems and its components as well. For the purpose of analysis, the heating system was divided into five components: geothermal heat exchanger, heat pump, heat distribution, heat exchanger and electricity production and transportation. For considered systems the primary exergy consumption from renewable and non-renewable sources was estimated. The analysis was carried out for heat network temperature at 50/40 oC, and the quality regulation was assumed. The results of exergy analysis of the system with electrical and absorption heat pump show that exergy destruction during the whole heating season is lower for the system with electrical heat pump. The exergy efficiencies of total system are 12.8% and 11.2% for the system with electrical heat pump and absorption heat pump, respectively.

  14. Gas Engine-Driven Heat Pump with Desiccant Dehumidification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shen, Bo [ORNL; Abu-Heiba, Ahmad [ORNL

    2017-01-01

    About 40% of total U.S. energy consumption was consumed in residential and commercial buildings. Improved air-conditioning technology has by far the greatest potential impact on the electric industry compared to any other technology that uses electricity. This paper describes the development of an innovative natural gas, propane, LNG or bio-gas IC engine-driven heat pump (GHP) with desiccant dehumidification (GHP/DD). This integrated system has higher overall efficiencies than conventional equipment for space cooling, addresses both new and existing commercial buildings, and more effectively controls humidity in humid areas. Waste heat is recovered from the GHP to provide energy for regenerating the desiccant wheel and to augment heating capacity and efficiency. By combining the two technologies, an overall source COP of greater that 1.5 (hot, humid case) can be achieved by utilizing waste heat from the engine to reduce the overall energy required to regenerate the desiccant. Moreover, system modeling results show that the sensible heat ratio (SHR- sensible heat ratio) can be lowered to less 60% in a dedicated outdoor air system application with hot, humid cases.

  15. Influence of heat storage mode of domestic hot water on the performance of ground heat exchanger in ground-source heat pump system%卫生热水蓄热方式对地埋管换热性能的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇; 唐曦

    2012-01-01

    竖埋管地源热泵系统为室内环境控制提供冷热量。在空调工况下,热回收机组可以提供卫生热水。卫生热水的供应在冬夏不同的运行模式下,对地埋管的换热性能影响不同。通过某地源热泵工程设计,分析了冬夏季卫生热水系统在蓄热方式下对地源热泵系统地埋管换热性能的影响。利用卫生热水的蓄热能力,对地埋管换热器在不同工况下的动态换热性能进行了对比分析,并通过数值计算得到了不同运行模式下地埋管的换热性能参数。根据计算结果提出了在该工程负荷特性下的系统调节方式。%The vertical U-tube ground-coupled heat pump system provides cold and heat for the controlling of indoor environment.Under the air-conditioning condition,the vertical U-tube ground-coupled heat pump system with heat recovery can provide domestic hot water.The influence of supplying domestic hot water on the heat transfer performance of ground heat exchangers is different under different operating modes in summer and winter.Through a project design of ground-source heat pump system,the influence of supplying domestic hot water under heat storage mode on the heat transfer performance of ground heat exchangers in summer and winter is respectively analyzed.The dynamic performance of heat exchangers under different working conditions is analyzed,and through numerical calculation,the heat transfer performance parameters of ground heat exchangers under different operating modes are obtained.From the calculation results,the adjusting methods based on the load characteristics of this project represent.

  16. Thermodynamic efficiency of pumped heat electricity storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thess, André

    2013-09-13

    Pumped heat electricity storage (PHES) has been recently suggested as a potential solution to the large-scale energy storage problem. PHES requires neither underground caverns as compressed air energy storage (CAES) nor kilometer-sized water reservoirs like pumped hydrostorage and can therefore be constructed anywhere in the world. However, since no large PHES system exists yet, and theoretical predictions are scarce, the efficiency of such systems is unknown. Here we formulate a simple thermodynamic model that predicts the efficiency of PHES as a function of the temperature of the thermal energy storage at maximum output power. The resulting equation is free of adjustable parameters and nearly as simple as the well-known Carnot formula. Our theory predicts that for storage temperatures above 400 °C PHES has a higher efficiency than existing CAES and that PHES can even compete with the efficiencies predicted for advanced-adiabatic CAES.

  17. 地源热泵单U型地埋管换热器的传热模拟分析%Simulation Analysis of Single U-tube Underground Heat Exchanger for Ground Source Heat Pump

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓伟; 曹红奋

    2016-01-01

    Aunderground heat exchanger heat transfer model for single U -tube underground heat exchanger was es-tablished based on the heat transfer characteristics of the ground source heat pump .The influences of the different in-let water temperature , different flow rate and different backfill materials on the single U -tube underground heat ex-changer capability were simulation analysis .The results may provide guidance for the same type of ground source heat pump.%本文针对地源热泵单U型地埋管换热器的换热特性,建立了地埋管换热器的传热模型,模拟分析了不同的进口水温、不同的流速以及不同的回填材料对单U型地埋管换热器换热能力的影响,研究结果可为同类型的地源热泵项目提供参考和借鉴。

  18. ENERGY STAR Certified Geothermal Heat Pumps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Certified models meet all ENERGY STAR requirements as listed in the Version 3.0 ENERGY STAR Program Requirements for Geothermal Heat Pumps that are effective as of January 1, 2012. A detailed listing of key efficiency criteria are available at http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=geo_heat.pr_crit_geo_heat_pumps

  19. Heat Pump Clothes Dryer Model Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shen, Bo [ORNL

    2016-01-01

    A heat pump clothes dryer (HPCD) is an innovative appliance that uses a vapor compression system to dry clothes. Air circulates in a closed loop through the drum, so no vent is required. The condenser heats air to evaporate moisture out of the clothes, and the evaporator condenses water out of the air stream. As a result, the HPCD can achieve 50% energy savings compared to a conventional electric resistance dryer. We developed a physics-based, quasi-steady-state HPCD system model with detailed heat exchanger and compressor models. In a novel approach, we applied a heat and mass transfer effectiveness model to simulate the drying process of the clothes load in the drum. The system model is able to simulate the inherently transient HPCD drying process, to size components, and to reveal trends in key variables (e.g. compressor discharge temperature, power consumption, required drying time, etc.) The system model was calibrated using experimental data on a prototype HPCD. In the paper, the modeling method is introduced, and the model predictions are compared with experimental data measured on a prototype HPCD.

  20. Tool for calculation of the life cycle cost for different heating systems in one-family houses; Verktyg foer beraekning av livscykelkostnaden foer olika vaermesystem i smaahus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsson, Jenny; Strand, Hanna [Lund Inst. of Technology (Sweden). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

    2003-12-01

    The Excel-based tool can be used by the consumer and covers the following heating systems: direct electric heating (alt. in combination with an air source heat pump), electric boiler (alt. in combination with an air source heat pump), fuel oil boiler, wood pellets boiler, natural gas boiler, exhaust air heat pump, ground source heat pump (surface soil or boreholes) and district heating. A few case studies are reviewed in order to illustrates the use of the tool.

  1. Feasibility analysis of heat pump dryer to dry hawthorn cake

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, D.C., E-mail: wdechang@163.com [College of Electromechanical Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071 (China); Zhang, G.; Han, Y.P.; Zhang, J.P.; Tian, X.L. [College of Electromechanical Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071 (China)

    2011-08-15

    Highlights: {yields} A heat pump dryer (HPD) is effectively proposed to dry hawthorn cake-likely materials. {yields} Low drying temperature and high COP of heat pump are obtained in drying beginning. {yields} HPD is more effective, economic than a traditional hot air dryer. {yields} Feasibility of the HPD is also validated by the operation economy estimation. - Abstract: A heat pump dryer (HPD) would be an economic, environmentally friendly, hygienic drying machine used to dry some food, such as hawthorn cakes. Based on the production process of the hawthorn cake, a HPD is proposed and its basic principle is introduced. The experimental drying curves of the hawthorn cake using the heat pump drying method and the traditional hot air drying method are compared and analyzed. The drying process of hawthorn cakes is similar to that of the other drying materials. The higher drying temperature causes a faster drying process. But in the initial stage of the heat pump drying process, the water content of the hawthorn cake is not sensitive to the drying temperature, so a lower drying air temperature can be available in order to get a higher coefficient of performance (COP) of the heat pump (HP). The experimental results and the economic analysis indicate that the HPD is feasibly used to dry hawthorn cakes.

  2. LOREF: Air cooler optimisation with reduction of ice and frost formation - Optimisation of lamella air-coolers/evaporators of air/water heat pumps - Part 1: theoretical and experimental research; LOREF: Luftkuehler-Optimierung mit Reduktion von Eis- und Frostbildung - Optimierung des Lamellenluftkuehlers/Verdampfers von Luft/Wasser-Waermepumpen - Teil 1: theoretische und experimentelle Untersuchungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berlinger, L.; Imholz, M.; Albert, M.; Wellig, B.; Hilfiker, K.

    2008-04-15

    The use of air/water heat pumps for heating of houses is progressively increasing. It is to be expected that the average coefficient of performance (COP) can be improved substantially over the next decade. Its success will depend on controlling and reducing the formation of frost and ice which reduce the air flow and the heat and mass transfer in the fin tube evaporator. In the LOREF research project a mathematical-physical simulation program has been developed which permits to calculate the formation of condensate, ice and frost and also the pressure loss of the air as a function of space and time at any condition of the ambient air. The theoretical results have been validated by numerous experiments in which the air temperature and humidity, the temperature difference and the air velocity have been systematically varied. Particular emphasis has been given to the geometries of the fin tube evaporator. Several fin partitions along the cooler have been investigated. Using the simulation program the evaporator of a commercial heat pump was optimized and experimentally compared to the original evaporator. The resulting seasonal performance factors were nearly equal what confirms the small differences obtained by simulations. Nevertheless, the optimized evaporator features advantages in respect of the defrosting with ambient air because of its bigger fin spacing and the resulting decrease in pressure drop. The results of the LOREF research project are now the basis for the overall optimization of air/water heat pumps. (author)

  3. Influences of ground source heat pump operation mode on energy consumption of northern residential heating%地源热泵运行模式对北方住宅供暖能耗的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永; 句德胜; 李胜会; 郭朝辉

    2016-01-01

    在对一栋满足节能65%设计标准的住宅进行逐时能耗分析的基础上,得出间歇运行的最大热负荷约为连续运行时的3倍,但是连续运行和间歇运行的累计耗热量分别为39.4 kW·h/(m2·a)和33.6 kW·h/(m2·a),建议地源热泵尽量采用连续运行的方式。分析实际项目的装机容量和土壤温度逐年变化情况,所调研的住宅1第一年土壤计算温降为1.81℃,实际温降为1.9℃。提出为了避免土壤温度逐年降低,可采用具有分区补热功能的跨季节蓄热空气源-土壤源复合式系统。%Based on the hourly energy consumption analysis of one residential building which meets the 65% energy-saving design standards,it is concluded that the maximum heat load of the intermittent operation is about 3 times of the continuous operation.How-ever,the accumulated heat consumption of the continuous operation and intermittent oper-ation are 39.4 kW·h/(m2 ·a)and 33.6 kW·h/(m2 ·a),respectively.In view of the a-bove,it is suggested that ground source heat pump uses the mode of continuous operation as far as possible.The installed capacity of the actual proj ect and the change of the soil’s tempera-ture year by year are analyzed and the actual soil’s temperature drop is 1 .9 ℃ of residential building 1 which is researched when the calculation temperature drop is 1 .8 1 ℃.In order to avoid soil’s temperature decreasing year by year,seasonal storage hot air source and ground source hy-brid system which has the function of partition heat supplementary can be used.

  4. 'Pioneer' - A controlled air-water heat pump for the replacement of oil-fired and electric heating systems; Geregelte Waermepumpe Pioneer. Geregelte Luft-Wasser-Waermepumpe fuer Sanierungen von Oel- und Elektroheizungen - Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boeckh, P. von; Borer, M.; Borer, T. [Fachhochschule beider Basel FHBB, Dept. Industrie, Abtlg. Maschinenbau, Muttenz (Switzerland); Eggenberger, H.J. [Solartis GmbH, WP-Versuchslabor EICH, Fuellinsdorf (Switzerland)

    2005-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of a project that involved the development of an air-water heat pump system that could replace existing oil-fired and electric heating systems. The system features variable-frequency compressor and ventilator drives and was tested on a special test bed that provided appropriately prepared primary air. The measurements and optimisations made included the definition of optimal parameters for ventilator and de-icing system, measurement of performance coefficients and noise emissions as well as on the suitability of the system for hot-water generation. The authors quote figures that show that the performance of the variable-speed system is much better than systems running in stop-and-go mode.

  5. Technical and Economic Working Domains of Industrial Heat Pumps: Part 2 - Ammonia-Water Hybrid Absorption-Compression Heat Pumps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jonas Kjær; Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Markussen, Wiebke Brix

    2014-01-01

    The ammonia-water hybrid absorption-compression heat pump (HACHP) is a relevant technology for industrial heat supply, especially for high sink temperatures and high temperature glides in the sink and source. This is due to the reduced vapour pressure and the non-isothermal phase change...... of the zeotropic mixture, ammonia-water. To evaluate to which extent these advantages can be translated into feasible heat pump solutions, the working domain of the HACHP is investigated based on technical and economic constraints. The HACHP working domain is compared to that of the best possible vapour...... compression heat pump with natural working fluids. This shows that the HACHP increases the temperature lifts and heat supply temperatures that are feasible to produce with a heat pump. The HACHP is shown to be capable of delivering heat supply temperatures as high as 140 XC and temperature lifts up to 60 K...

  6. Technical and economic working domains of industrial heat pumps: Part 2 - ammonia-water hybrid absorption-compression heat pumps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jonas Kjær; Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Markussen, Wiebke Brix

    2015-01-01

    The ammonia-water hybrid absorption-compression heat pump (HACHP) has been proposed as a relevant technology for industrial heat supply, especially for high sink temperatures and high temperature glides in the sink and source. This is due to the reduced vapour pressure and the non-isothermal phase...... change of the zeotropic mixture, ammonia-water. To evaluate to which extent these advantages can be translated into feasible heat pump solutions, the working domain of the HACHP is investigated based on technical and economic constraints. The HACHP working domain is compared to that of the best available...... vapour compression heat pump with natural working fluids. This shows that the HACHP increases the temperature lifts and heat supply temperatures that are feasible to produce with a heat pump. The HACHP is shown to be capable of delivering heat supply temperatures as high as 150 °C and temperature lifts...

  7. Kajian Eksperimen Heat Exchahger Pada Heat Pump Menggunakan Refrijeran Hidrokarbon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kusnandar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Heat pump or usually known as pump energy is a device that can cooling and heating to be used, which functions as a cooling evaporator can be direct replace to heating as a function of the condenser using a reversing valve.. Using heat exchangers in the heat pump system is installed on the suction line and discharge line, so it will give the suction line temperature changes will be higher and discharge line temperatures will be lower, resulting in a greater cooling effect and lighter work of compression. The heat pump uses refrigerant type of hydrocarbon that is friendly to the environment, such as refrigerant R-290. From the results obtained research that the highest of Coefficient of Performance (COP in the heat pump using heat exchangers is 4.8 and without using heat exchanger is 4.1. So value of COP of haet pump between using heat exchanger and withaout heat exchanger is 0.7. The highest efficiency obtained on the heat pump using heat exchangers is 90.3%, and efficiency of heat pump without using heat exchanger is 78.95%.

  8. Analysis of the Effect of the CaCl2 Mass Fraction on the Efficiency of a Heat Pump Integrated Heat-Source Tower Using an Artificial Neural Network Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoqing Wei

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available An existing idle cooling tower can be reversibly used as a heat-source tower (HST to drive a heat pump (HP in cold seasons, with calcium chloride (CaCl2 aqueous solution commonly selected as the secondary working fluid in an indirect system due to its good thermo-physical properties. This study analyzed the effect of CaCl2 mass fraction on the effectiveness (ε of a closed HST and the coefficient of performance (COP of a HP heating system using an artificial neural network (ANN technique. CaCl2 aqueous solutions with five different mass fractions, viz. 3%, 9%, 15%, 21%, and 27%, were chosen as the secondary working fluids for the HSTHP heating system. In order to collect enough measured data, extensive field tests were conducted on an experimental test rig in Changsha, China which experiences hot summer and cold winter weather. After back-propagation (BP training, the three-layer (4-9-2 ANN model with a tangent sigmoid transfer function at the hidden layer and a linear transfer function at the output layer was developed for predicting the tower effectiveness and the COP of the HP under different inlet air dry-/wet-bulb temperatures, hot water inlet temperatures and CaCl2 mass fractions. The correlation coefficient (R, mean relative error (MRE and root mean squared error (RMSE were adopted to evaluate the prediction accuracy of the ANN model. The results showed that the R, MRE, and RMSE between the training values and the experimental values of ε (COP were 0.995 (0.996, 2.09% (1.89%, and 0.005 (0.060, respectively, which indicated that the ANN model was reliable and robust in predicting the performance of the HP. The findings of this paper indicated that in order to guarantee normal operation of the system, the freezing point temperature of the CaCl2 aqueous solution should be sufficiently (3–5 K below its lowest operating temperature or lower than the normal operating temperature by about 10 K. The tower effectiveness increased with

  9. A simplified heat pump model for use in solar plus heat pump system simulation studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perers, Bengt; Andersen, Elsa; Nordman, Roger

    2012-01-01

    Solar plus heat pump systems are often very complex in design, with sometimes special heat pump arrangements and control. Therefore detailed heat pump models can give very slow system simulations and still not so accurate results compared to real heat pump performance in a system. The idea here...... is to start from a standard measured performance map of test points for a heat pump according to EN 14825 and then determine characteristic parameters for a simplified correlation based model of the heat pump. By plotting heat pump test data in different ways including power input and output form and not only...... as COP, a simplified relation could be seen. By using the same methodology as in the EN 12975 QDT part in the collector test standard it could be shown that a very simple model could describe the heat pump test data very accurately, by identifying 4 parameters in the correlation equation found....

  10. Analysis and field evaluation of an advanced ground-coupled heat pump system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baxter, V.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Catan, M.A. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)); Hughes, H.M. (Climate Master, Inc. (USA)); Hughes, P.J. (Fleming (W.S.) and Associates, Inc., Syracuse, NY (USA)); O' Neil, R.A. (Niagara Mohawk Power Corp., Syracuse, NY (USA))

    1986-01-01

    This paper addresses the performance of a ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) system with a water-source heat pump (WSHP) package designed expressly for such systems for a northern climate. The research objective was to minimize the life-cycle cost (LCC) of a GCHP system by optimizing the design of both the heat pump package and the ground heat exchanger in concert. The LCC of a GCHP system with a horizontal ground heat exchanger was minimized over a seven-year economic life for an 1800 ft{sup 2} (167 m{sup 2}) house in Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Simple payback for the optimized system, relative to conventional air-source heat pumps (ASHPs), was less than three years. The resulting WSHP design is calculated to cost approximately 20% more than its conventional counterpart, but offers a 20% higher heating coefficient of performance (COP) and a 23% higher cooling COP. The major conclusion of this study is that by improving the WSHP package efficiency, the ground heat exchanger size can be reduced by at least 30% without sacrificing performance; this can yield significant improvement in the cost competitiveness of GCHP systems. 10 refs., 8 figs., 8 tabs.

  11. Energy efficient ammonia heat pump. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Madsen, Claus; Pijnenburg, B.; Schumann Grindorf, H. [Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus (Denmark); Christensen, Rolf [Alfa Laval, Lund (Sweden); Rasmussen, Bjarne D. [Grundfos, Bjerringbro (Denmark); Gram, S.; Fredborg Jakobsen, D. [Svedan Industri Koeleanlaeg, Greve (Denmark)

    2013-09-15

    The report describes the development of a highly effective ammonia heat pump. Heat pumps play an increasingly important role in the search for more effective use of energy in our society. Highly efficient heat pumps can contribute to reduced energy consumption and improved economy of the systems which they are a part of. An ammonia heat pump with high pressure reciprocating compressor and a novel split condenser was developed to prove potential for efficiency optimization. The split of the condenser in two parts can be utilized to obtain smaller temperature approaches and, thereby, improved heat pump efficiency at an equal heat exchanger area, when compared to the traditional solution with separate condenser and de-superheater. The split condenser design can also be exploited for heating a significant share of the total heating capacity to a temperature far above the condensing temperature. Furthermore, the prototype heat pump was equipped with a plate type evaporator combined with a U-turn separator with a minimum liquid height and a liquid pump with the purpose of creating optimum liquid circulation ratio for the highest possible heat transfer coefficients at the lowest possible pressure drop. The test results successfully confirmed the highest possible efficiency; a COP of 4.3 was obtained when heating water from 40 deg. C to 80 deg. C while operating with evaporating/condensing temperatures of +20 deg C/+73 deg C. (Author)

  12. Numerical and experimental study on heat pump water heater with PCM for thermal storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Long, Jian-You; Zhu, Dong-Sheng [Key Laboratory of Enhanced Heat Transfer and Energy Conservation of the Ministry of Education, Academy of Chemistry and Energy, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640 (China)

    2008-07-01

    An air source heat pump water heater with phase change material (PCM) for thermal storage was designed to take advantage of off-peak electrical energy. The heat transfer model of PCM was based upon a pure conduction formulation. Quasi-steady state method was used to calculate the temperature distribution and phase front location of PCM during thermal storage process. Temperature and thermal resistance iteration approach has been developed for the analysis of temperature variation of heat transfer fluid (HTF) and phase front location of PCM during thermal release process. To test the physical validity of the calculational results, experimental studies about storing heat and releasing heat of PCM were carried. Comparison between the calculational results and the experimental data shows good agreement. Graphical results including system pressure and input power of heat pump, time-wise variation of stored and released thermal energy of PCM were presented and discussed. (author)

  13. Wuhan Ground Source Heat Pump Engineering Economic Evaluation Based on the Life Cycle%基于全寿命周期的地源热泵工程经济性评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付红阳; 陈伟; 张国辉

    2012-01-01

    通过分析我国地源热泵工程的发展现状及国家和武汉地区政策标准,实地调研武汉地区8个地源热泵工程项目相关经济数据,构建武汉地区地源热泵工程经济性评价体系,通过费用构成分析、能耗分析、运行费用分析和环境评价分析对地源热泵工程进行全寿命周期经济性评价,从而为武汉地区乃至全国推广地源热泵工程提供相关依据和建议。%By analyzing development situation of ground source heat pump engineering and policy standards of China and Wuhan province,the paper investigates related economic data of Wuhan eight ground source heat pump engineering,establishes the economic evaluation system of Wuhan ground source heat pump engineering,and do economic evaluates to ground source heat pump engineering of Wuhan from the analysis of expense components,the energy consumption,the operation cost and the environment evaluation,in order to provide relevant basis and suggestions to promote the promote ground source heat pump engineering of Wuhan to the whole nation.

  14. Heat pumps: planning, optimisation, operation and maintenance; Waermepumpen. Planung - Optimierung - Betrieb - Wartung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kunz, P. [Kunz-Beratungen, Dietlikon (Switzerland); Afjei, T. [Fachhochschule Nordwestschweiz, Institut fuer Energie am Bau, Muttenz (Switzerland); Betschart, W.; Prochaska, V. [Hochschule Luzern, Technik und Architektur, Horw (Switzerland); Hubacher, P. [Hubacher Engineering, Engelburg (Switzerland); Loehrer, R. [Scheco AG, Winterthur (Switzerland); Mueller, A. [Mueller und Pletscher AG, Winterthur (Switzerland)

    2008-01-15

    This handbook issued by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) in co-operation with a trade publication takes a look at the planning, optimisation, operation and maintenance of heat pumps. First of all, the basics of heat pump technology, heat pump components and refrigerants are discussed. Then, heat sources and heat distribution are looked at, followed by chapters on the integration of heat pumps into heating systems and noise protection topics. The definition of projects, commissioning and operation of heat pump systems are then discussed. Examples of installations round off the handbook.

  15. Pumped two-phase heat transfer loop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edelstein, Fred

    1988-01-01

    A pumped loop two-phase heat transfer system, operating at a nearly constant temperature throughout, includes several independently operating grooved capillary heat exchanger plates supplied with working fluid through independent flow modulation valves connected to a liquid supply line, a vapor line for collecting vapor from the heat exchangers, a condenser between the vapor and the liquid lines, and a fluid circulating pump between the condenser and the heat exchangers.

  16. Commercial Integrated Heat Pump with Thermal Storage --Demonstrate Greater than 50% Average Annual Energy Savings, Compared with Baseline Heat Pump and Water Heater (Go/No-Go) FY16 4th Quarter Milestone Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shen, Bo [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Baxter, Van D. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Rice, C. Keith [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Abu-Heiba, Ahmad [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2017-03-01

    For this study, we authored a new air source integrated heat pump (AS-IHP) model in EnergyPlus, and conducted building energy simulations to demonstrate greater than 50% average energy savings, in comparison to a baseline heat pump with electric water heater, over 10 US cities, based on the EnergyPlus quick-service restaurant template building. We also assessed water heating energy saving potentials using ASIHP versus gas heating, and pointed out climate zones where AS-IHPs are promising.

  17. Air-to-water heat pumps, business for refrigeration systems experts. Marketing of energy-efficient technology; Luft/Wasser-Waermepumpen. Ein Geschaeft fuer Kaelteanlagenbauer. Vermarktung von energieeffizienter Technik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2009-01-15

    Many providers of refrigerating systems are already active in the private customer market offering split systems. There are less of them in the field of air-to-water heat pumps although this is also a growing market, and some producers of the air conditioning sector are already offering complete solutions. The contribution presents some sales arguments, outlines marketing tools for fitters - illustrated by the example of one provider -, and closes with a short market review. (orig.)

  18. Nonlinear Aspects of Heat Pump Utilization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Najman

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This work attempts to answer the question: How much can we believe that the coefficient of performance provided by the manufacturer is correct, when a heat pump is required to face the real load coming from changes of temperature? The paper summarizes some basics of heat pump theory and describes the results of numerical models.

  19. 太阳能-地源热泵与热网互补供暖系统的仿真性能研究%Research on the Simulation of Solar-Ground Source Heat Pump and Heating Network Complementary Heating System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝红; 付晓晨; 冯国会; 张剑

    2014-01-01

    以沈阳地区典型民用住宅建筑为例,对太阳能-地源热泵与热网互补供暖系统进行仿真研究。利用TRNSYS软件,建立太阳能-地源热泵与热网互补供暖系统仿真模型和地源热泵与热网互补供暖系统仿真模型,对2种系统的蒸发器进出水温度、热泵机组COP,及热网加热量进行对比分析,结果表明:太阳能-地源热泵与热网互补供暖系统相比地源热泵与热网互补供暖系统的平均出水温度提高了50.41%;平均进水温度提高了53.08%;平均COP由3.167增加到4.65;热网运行时间由1540h增加到2032h;热网供暖季的平均换热量由114566.62kJ/h减少到101257.27kJ/h。%Taking the typical building in severe cold region as an example,the simulation of solar-ground source heat pump and heating network complementary heating system was studied. By using TRNSYS software, build a solar-ground source heat pump and heating network complementary heating system simulation model and ground source heat pump and heating network comple-mentary heating system simulation model, then make the contrast analysis of the in and out of the water temperature of evapora-tor, the COP of heat pump units, and the heating capacity of heat supply network in the two systems. The results show that com-pare ground source heat pump and heating network complementary heating system with solar-ground source heat pump and heating network complementary heating system, the average inlet water temperature increased by 50. 41%,the average outlet water tem-perature increased by 53. 08%;the average COP increased from 3. 167 to 3. 167; heat supply network running time increased from 1540 h to 2032 h, the average heat transfer of heat supply network heating season from 114566. 62kJ/h is reduced to 101257. 27kJ/h .

  20. Heat pumps and under floor heating as a heating system for Finnish low-rise residential buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Chuduk, Svetlana

    2010-01-01

    In bachelor’s thesis the study of under floor heating system with ground source heat pump for the heat transfers fluid heating is considered. The case study is low-rise residential building in Finland with under floor heating as a single heating system. The calculations of main parameters of under floor heating system and length of ground heat exchanger are conducted. As a result the conclusion about reasonable of using the studying system for low-rise residential building in Finn...

  1. User's manual for heat-pump seasonal-performance model (SPM) with selected parametric examples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-06-30

    The Seasonal Performance Model (SPM) was developed to provide an accurate source of seasonal energy consumption and cost predictions for the evaluation of heat pump design options. The program uses steady state heat pump performance data obtained from manufacturers' or Computer Simulation Model runs. The SPM was originally developed in two forms - a cooling model for central air conditioners and heat pumps and a heating model for heat pumps. The original models have undergone many modifications, which are described, to improve the accuracy of predictions and to increase flexibility for use in parametric evaluations. Insights are provided into the theory and construction of the major options, and into the use of the available options and output variables. Specific investigations provide examples of the possible applications of the model. (LEW)

  2. Energy Performance Comparison of Heating and Air Conditioning Systems for Multi-Family Residential Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Weimin; Zhang, Jian; Jiang, Wei; Liu, Bing

    2011-07-31

    The type of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system has a large impact on the heating and cooling energy consumption in multifamily residential buildings. This paper compares the energy performance of three HVAC systems: a direct expansion (DX) split system, a split air source heat pump (ASHP) system, and a closed-loop water source heat pump (WSHP) system with a boiler and an evaporative fluid cooler as the central heating and cooling source. All three systems use gas furnace for heating or heating backup. The comparison is made in a number of scenarios including different climate conditions, system operation schemes and applicable building codes. It is found that with the minimum code-compliant equipment efficiency, ASHP performs the best among all scenarios except in extremely code climates. WSHP tends to perform better than the split DX system in cold climates but worse in hot climates.

  3. Assessing Energy Efficiency of Compression Heat Pumps in Drying Processes when Zeotropic Hydrocarbon Mixtures are Used as Working Agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shurayts Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Presents the results of studies of innovative materials in the field of renewable energy.The paper proposes a design and a formula for assessing energy efficiency of the heat pump air dryer, which uses zeotropic hydrocarbon mixtures of saturated hydrocarbons as a working agent and applies the principle of a counter-current heat exchanger with a variable temperature of both the working and the drying agents. Energy efficiency of the heat pump is achieved by means of obtaining a greater part of heat from renewable energy sources, in this case by cooling the air and condensing the water vapors in the heat pump. A conducted analysis identified correlations in establishing the marginal real coefficient of performance of the compression heat pump dryer running on zeotropic hydrocarbon mixtures and operating a cycle with variable temperatures of both the working and the drying agent in the evaporator and the condenser of the heat pump. According to the established correlations, the marginal real coefficient of performance of the compression heat pump dryers running on zeotropic hydrocarbon mixtures of 40 mol% of R600a and 60 mol% of R601 is 1.92 times higher than that of the same dryers running on only R600 (n-butane.

  4. High-efficiency Commercial Cold Climate Heat Pump

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mahmoud, Ahmad M. [United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT (United States); Cogswell, F. [United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT (United States); Verma, P. [United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT (United States)

    2015-08-28

    United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) proposed in 2012 to design, develop and demonstrate an air-source 10TR high-efficiency commercial cold climate heat pump (CCCHP). The proposed heat pump would be scalable beyond 40TR, cost effective with a simple payback of < 3 years upon commercialization and would reduce annual electricity use for building space heating in cold climates by at least 20%. This would represent an annual savings of $2.3 billion and a 20% displacement of total greenhouse gases generated upon full commercialization. The primary objective was to develop a highly integrated system that shall meet or exceed DOE capacity and efficiency targets at key conditions and is scalable, cost-effective and simple relative to the state-of-the-art. Specifically, the goal of the project was to design, develop and demonstrate a CCCHP that exceeds DOE capacity degradation requirements at +17F and -13F conditions (0 and <15% degradation vs. 10 and 25% DOE requirements, respectively) while meeting or exceeding DOE capacity and system efficiency requirements at all other conditions.

  5. Applicability Analysis of Open Type River Water Source Heat Pump System in Chongqing%开式江水源热泵系统在重庆地区的适用性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林勇豹; 王勇

    2013-01-01

      This review summarized the design requirements of open type surface water source heat pump system. Technical, economic and environmental can be considered as the three aspects of the river water source heat pump feasibility analysis. The river water temperature, quantity and other characteristics can meet the requirement of the water source heat pump. In order to ensure the river water source heat pump technology suitability, the key technology is looking for solutions to reduce the sand content. Reasonable design of the water source heat pump system has good economic performance and the tail water discharge can cause less water pollution. The river water source heat pump system has strong feasibility and applicability in Chongqing.%  在总结前人研究的基础上,综述了开式地表水源热泵系统方案设计要求,认为可以从技术、经济和环保性三方面分析江水源热泵的可行性。重庆江水水量、水温等水质参数完全满足机组要求,为了确保江水源热泵在重庆地区的技术适用性,重点在于寻找解决含砂量过高的技术方案。同时,合理设计的水源热泵系统具有较好的经济性能,尾水排放对江水的污染较小,满足经济环保性要求。认为江水源热泵系统在重庆地区具有较强的可行性及适用性。

  6. Jet pump assisted arterial heat pipe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bienert, W. B.; Ducao, A. S.; Trimmer, D. S.

    1978-01-01

    This paper discusses the concept of an arterial heat pipe with a capillary driven jet pump. The jet pump generates a suction which pumps vapor and noncondensible gas from the artery. The suction also forces liquid into the artery and maintains it in a primed condition. A theoretical model was developed which predicts the existence of two stable ranges. Up to a certain tilt the artery will prime by itself once a heat load is applied to the heat pipe. At higher tilts, the jet pump can maintain the artery in a primed condition but self-priming is not possible. A prototype heat pipe was tested which self-primed up to a tilt of 1.9 cm, with a heat load of 500 watts. The heat pipe continued to prime reliably when operated as a VCHP, i.e., after a large amount of noncondensible gas was introduced.

  7. Performance evaluation of a ground-source heat pump system utilizing a flowing well and estimation of suitable areas for its installation in Aizu Basin, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, Gaurav; Uchida, Youhei; Kuronuma, Satoru; Yamaya, Mutsumi; Katsuragi, Masahiko; Kaneko, Shohei; Shibasaki, Naoaki; Yoshioka, Mayumi

    2017-02-01

    Development of a ground-source heat pump (GSHP) system with higher efficiency, and evaluation of its operating performance, is essential to expand the growth of GSHP systems in Japan. A closed-loop GSHP system was constructed utilizing a flowing (artesian) well as a ground heat exchanger (GHE). The system was demonstrated for space-heating and space-cooling of a room (area 126.7 m2) in an office building. The average coefficient of performance was found to be 4.5 for space-heating and 8.1 for space-cooling. The maximum heat exchange rate was 70.8 W/m for space-heating and 57.6 W/m for space-cooling. From these results, it was determined that a GSHP system with a flowing well as a GHE can result in higher performance. With this kind of highly efficient system, energy saving and cost reduction can be expected. In order to assess appropriate locations for the installation of similar kinds of GSHP systems in Aizu Basin, a suitability map showing the distribution of groundwater up-flowing areas was prepared based on the results of a regional-scale three-dimensional analytical model. Groundwater up-flowing areas are considered to be suitable because the flowing well can be constructed at these areas. Performance evaluation of the GSHP system utilizing the flowing well, in conjunction with the prepared suitability map for its installation, can assist in the promotion of GSHP systems in Japan.

  8. Design of Ground Source Heat Pump Monitoring System Based on MCGS%基于MCGS的地源热泵监控系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    商家伟; 苏华

    2016-01-01

    A monitoring system is developed for a ground source heat pump system in Chengdu. Equipments are controlled by PLC and monitoring data is transported from PLC to PC. The host PC moni-toring system is developed by MCGS whose functions cover controlling, operation status displaying, data logging and displaying and alarming.%针对成都某别墅地源热泵系统,设计了一个监控系统方案。利用PLC控制空调设备、监测并上传现场数据给上位机。利用MCGS开发上位机监控系统。该监控系统包含设备控制、状态显示、参数采集及显示、报警等功能。

  9. Design of Hybrid Ground Source Heat Pump System in WILO China Ltd. New Production Project%北京某工厂地源热泵系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰

    2015-01-01

    本文以北京某工厂混合式地源热泵空调系统为例,对于混合式地源热泵系统的设计、施工、自控作了较详细的论述,供同行借鉴参考。%Taking Uhybrid ground source heat pump system of a factory in Beijing as a example,design,construction,automatic control and operation about the hybrid ground source heat pump system are demonstrated in details for reference.

  10. Elementary analysis Ground source heat pump system design &Discussion on application prospect%地源热泵系统简介及其应用前景探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅志宝

    2012-01-01

    介绍地源热泵系统设计形式及设计时应注意的问题,简单介绍在具体工程中设计案例及保障措施,探讨地源热泵系统的应用前景。%Introduction of Ground Source Heat Pump system design and the problems should be attention in the design,Simply introduce a engineering design case in the Specific project guarantee measures,The application prospect of Ground Source Heat Pump system.

  11. Application research for ground-source heat pump system applied to large port project%地源热泵空调在大型港口工程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志强

    2009-01-01

    结合工程设计实例,对地源热泵空调在大型港口工程中的应用进行了探讨.对地源热泵和普通中央空调系统的运行费用进行估算和比较.%Combining with practical design example, this paper discusses the application of ground-source heat pump system applied to large port project, and carries out an estimation and comparison of the operating costs between the ground-source heat pump system and common HVAC system.

  12. Study and development of an air conditioning system operating on a magnetic heat pump cycle (design and testing of flow directors)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Pao-Lien

    1992-01-01

    This report describes the fabrication, design of flow director, fluid flow direction analysis and testing of flow director of a magnetic heat pump. The objectives of the project are: (1) to fabricate a demonstration magnetic heat pump prototype with flow directors installed; and (2) analysis and testing of flow director and to make sure working fluid loops flow through correct directions with minor mixing. The prototype was fabricated and tested at the Development Testing Laboratory of Kennedy Space Center. The magnetic heat pump uses rear earth metal plates rotate in and out of a magnetic field in a clear plastic housing with water flowing through the rotor plates to provide temperature lift. Obtaining the proper water flow direction has been a problem. Flow directors were installed as flow barriers between separating point of two parallel loops. Function of flow directors were proven to be excellent both analytically and experimentally.

  13. Carbon footprint of ground source heat pump system in heating solar greenhouse based on life cycle assessment%日光温室地源热泵供暖碳足迹的生命周期分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴立龙; 马承伟; 刘明池; 王宝驹; 武占会; 许勇

    2014-01-01

    The Chinese solar greenhouse, characterized by east-west orientation, a transparent camber south roof, and a solid north roof and east and west walls, is utilized primarily in horticulture in northern China. This design of greenhouse can keep the sheltering plants from freezing in winter because of the“greenhouse effect”. However, the healthy growing of plants still needs assisted heating especially during winter nights. The coal-fired heating system (CFHs) and the natural gas-fired heating system (GFHs) both have been widely applied to heat greenhouses. However, the conventional fossil energy sources, such as coal and natural gas, are non-renewable and are the major greenhouse gas (GHG) contributors. The overusing of fossil fuel in agricultural production has been directly or indirectly related to the global climate change, environmental pollution, and energy crisis. Therefore, renewable and clean energy, such as solar, geothermal, and shallow geothermal has been increasingly applied for greenhouse heating or cooling across the world. Ground source heat pump (GSHP) technology has dual functions in heating and cooling. It is one of the most rapidly growing green technologies for heating and air-conditioning in recent years. The GSHP application for solar greenhouse heating has proven to have a high primary energy ratio or coefficient of performance (COP) in previously studies. However, the environmental performance of the GSHP in heating solar greenhouse, such as its carbon footprint, is still unknown. Systematic and long-term study of the specific GSHP greenhouse-heating was required to evaluate its carbon footprint based on life cycle assessment (LCA) method. The GSHP in a Chinese solar greenhouse was studied to evaluate its environmental performance in greenhouse heating. The environmental performance of the GSHP was analyzed based on the field test data and the performance analysis models that were developed in this study. According to the study, in a 480 m

  14. Existing and Past Methods of Test and Rating Standards Related to Integrated Heat Pump Technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reedy, Wayne R. [Sentech, Inc.

    2010-07-01

    This report evaluates existing and past US methods of test and rating standards related to electrically operated air, water, and ground source air conditioners and heat pumps, 65,000 Btu/hr and under in capacity, that potentiality incorporate a potable water heating function. Two AHRI (formerly ARI) standards and three DOE waivers were identified as directly related. Six other AHRI standards related to the test and rating of base units were identified as of interest, as they would form the basis of any new comprehensive test procedure. Numerous other AHRI and ASHRAE component test standards were also identified as perhaps being of help in developing a comprehensive test procedure.

  15. The impact of the weather conditions on the cooling performance of the heat pump driven by an internal natural gas combustion engine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janovcová Martina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Market with sources of heat and cold offers unlimited choice of different power these devices, design technology, efficiency and price categories. New progressive technologies are constantly discovering, about which is still little information, which include heat pumps powered by a combustion engine running on natural gas. A few pieces of these installations are in Slovakia, but no studies about their work and effectiveness under real conditions. This article deals with experimental measurements of gas heat pump efficiency in cooling mode. Since the gas heat pump works only in system air – water, air is the primary low – energy source, it is necessary to monitor the impact of the climate conditions for the gas heat pump performance.

  16. Advanced heat pump research and development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuliasha, M. A.

    The Office of Building Energy Research and Development of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), has been funding R&D in advanced heat pumps and appliances since 1976. Much of that research has been managed for DOE by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The objective of the Building Equipment Research (BER) program at ORNL has been to generate new concepts and develop a technology base for improving the energy efficiency and load characteristics of energy conversion equipment used in residential and commercial buildings. The research being pursued to achieve these objectives falls under three general areas: thermally activated heat pumps (TAHP), refrigeration systems, and building equipment systems. The TAHP work is concentrated on three technologies: (1) absorption heat pumps; (2) Stirling engine-driven heat pumps; and (3) internal combustion (IC) engine-driven heat pumps. Major project areas in refrigeration systems research include electric heat pumps, ground-coupled heat pumps, and refigerant mixtures. In the building equipment systems areas, project areas include advanced distribution systems, advanced insulation for appliances, and commercial building equipment.

  17. 热泵空调器制热量衰减以及改善措施的研究%Research on Heating Attenuation about Heat Pump Air Conditioners and Improvements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志胜; 李凤凤; 杜京昌; 程德威

    2012-01-01

    热泵空调器在低温状况下制热能力下降得很快,有时候甚至不能制热。制热运行是一个逆卡诺循环过程,可以分为四个环节,要改善制热衰减问题,可以从这四个环节进行研究。在前人研究的基础上,通过建立数学模型并结合实验验证,总结出改善低温制热效果的几种措施。%Heat pump air conditioners heating ability at low temperature conditions reduced too quickly,and sometimes not even heating.Heating operation is a reverse Carnot cycle,it can be divided into four areas,you can study from the four areas to improve the system of thermal decay problem.The author,based on previous research,a mathematical model by combining with experiments,summarized several measures to improve low-temperature heating effect.

  18. 制冷剂流量控制法在风冷热泵除霜中的应用%Application of Refrigerant Flux Control Method in Air-cooled Heat Pump Defrosting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏顺玉; 田甜; 陈俭

    2011-01-01

    Based on the difference of refrigerant flux between refrigeration operating condition and heating operating condition in a heat-pump air-conditioning system, the refrigerant flux in the heat-pump air-conditioning system was controlled by refrigerant flux control method. And the combined method with refrigerant flux control and hot gas bypass defrosting was applied in heat-pump defrosting. The results show that the heat-pump air-conditioning cycling system with refrigerant flux control can be used to restrain or retard frosting in the surface of outdoor heat-exchanger while this system works in order. When the surface of outdoor heat-exchanger was already covered with frost, this system could be used to accelerate defrosting or shorten defrosting time.%根据热泵空调系统中制冷工况和制热工况时制冷剂流量的差别,采用制冷剂流量控制法对热泵空调系统中的制冷剂流量进行控制,并将制冷剂流量控制法与热气旁通法除霜相结合应用于热泵除霜过程中。结果表明,在控制制冷剂流量的热泵空调系统中,系统正常运行时,该循环系统能抑制或减缓室外换热器表面的结霜;当室外换热器表面结霜时,则可加速除霜,缩短除霜时间。

  19. Technical and economic working domains of industrial heat pumps: Part 1 - single stage vapour compression heat pumps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Jensen, Jonas Kjær; Markussen, Wiebke Brix;

    2015-01-01

    A large amount of operational and economic constraints limit the applicability of heat pumps operated with natural working fluids. The limitations are highly dependent on the integration of heat source and sink streams. An evaluation of feasible operating conditions was carried out considering...... the constraints of available refrigeration equipment and a requirement of a positive net present value of the investment. Six heat pump systems were considered, corresponding to an upper limit of the sink temperature of 120 °C. For each set of heat sink and source temperatures the best available technology...... was determined. The results showed that four different heat pump systems propose the best available technology at different parts of the complete domain. Ammonia systems presented the best available technology at low sink outlet temperature. At high temperature difference between sink in- and outlet...

  20. Transient Analysis of a Magnetic Heat Pump

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, E. A.

    1985-01-01

    An experimental heat pump that uses a rare earth element as the refrigerant is modeled using NASTRAN. The refrigerant is a ferromagnetic metal whose temperature rises when a magnetic field is applied and falls when the magnetic field is removed. The heat pump is used as a refrigerator to remove heat from a reservoir and discharge it through a heat exchanger. In the NASTRAN model the components modeled are represented by one-dimensional ROD elements. Heat flow in the solids and fluid are analyzed. The problem is mildly nonlinear since the heat capacity of the refrigerant is temperature-dependent. One simulation run consists of a series of transient analyses, each representing one stroke of the heat pump. An auxiliary program was written that uses the results of one NASTRAN analysis to generate data for the next NASTRAN analysis.

  1. Solar Assisted Heat Pump Study for Heating of Military Facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-07-01

    This study identified 21 generic solar assisted heat pump systems and subjectively evaluated them. The six most promising systems were evaluated in... heat pump . Preliminary drawings intergrating this system into a family housing unit at Little Rock AFB were developed. The system selected had a 27-32 year pay back. (Author)

  2. Heat pumps: Industrial applications. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-04-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning design, development, and applications of heat pumps for industrial processes. Included are thermal energy exchanges based on air-to-air, ground-coupled, air-to-water, and water-to-water systems. Specific applications include industrial process heat, drying, district heating, and waste processing plants. Other Published Searches in this series cover heat pump technology and economics, and heat pumps for residential and commercial applications. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  3. Industrial Heat Pump for a High Temperature District Heating Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Claus Nørgaard

    2013-01-01

    Domestic heat pumps for shallow geothermal heating of family houses are popular and the range and supply of standard solutions is large. However, in applications for large capacities and temperatures, like district heating in the mega Watt range, standard solutions for high temperatures are scarce...... and usually not suitable off-the-shelf, which demands customized industrial heat pumps to be designed to fit the specific application. At the Brædstrup CHP plant in Denmark, a pilot project deployed in 2012, is being tested involving a seasonal thermal energy storage system in underground boreholes, charged...... by excess thermal energy from thermal solar panels. An industrial heat pump system using the natural refrigerant ammonia, is extracting the thermal energy from the storage when needed, and produce hot water at 85°C, for the district heating grid. The heat pump also acts as contributor to electricity grid...

  4. Heat pumps in combined heat and power systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ommen, Torben Schmidt; Markussen, Wiebke Brix; Elmegaard, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Heat pumps have previously been proposed as a way to integrate higher amounts of renewable energy in DH (district heating) networks by integrating, e.g., wind power. The paper identifies and compares five generic configurations of heat pumps in DH systems. The operational performance...... of the considered cases. When considering a case where the heat pump is located at a CHP (combined heat and power) plant, a configuration that increases the DH return temperature proposes the lowest operation cost, as low as 12 EUR MWh-1 for a 90 °C e 40 °C DH network. Considering the volumetric heating capacity......, a third configuration is superior in all cases. Finally, the three most promising heat pump configurations are integrated in a modified PQ-diagram of the CHP plant. Each show individual advantages, and for two, also disadvantages in order to achieve flexible operation....

  5. Developing a Magnetocaloric Domestic Heat Pump

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahl, Christian R.H.

    2014-01-01

    beverage coolers, A/Cs for cars and electronics cooling. Devices for heating have not been extensively demonstrated. Here we consider a promising application of magnetocaloric heat pumps for domestic heating. The task of designing and building such a device is a multidisciplinary one encompassing materials...

  6. Systems study of drilling for installation of geothermal heat pumps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Finger, J.T.; Sullivan, W.N.; Jacobson, R.D.; Pierce, K.G.

    1997-09-01

    Geothermal, or ground-source, heat pumps (GHP) are much more efficient than air-source units such as conventional air conditioners. A major obstacle to their use is the relatively high initial cost of installing the heat-exchange loops into the ground. In an effort to identify drivers which influence installation cost, a number of site visits were made during 1996 to assess the state-of-the-art in drilling for GHP loop installation. As an aid to quantifying the effect of various drilling-process improvements, we constructed a spread-sheet based on estimated time and material costs for all the activities required in a typical loop-field installation. By substituting different (improved) values into specific activity costs, the effect on total project costs can be easily seen. This report contains brief descriptions of the site visits, key points learned during the visits, copies of the spread-sheet, recommendations for further work, and sample results from sensitivity analysis using the spread-sheet.

  7. An aeroacoustically driven thermoacoustic heat pump.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slaton, W V; Zeegers, J C H

    2005-06-01

    The mean flow of gas in a pipe past a cavity can excite the resonant acoustic modes of the cavity--much like blowing across the top of a bottle. The periodic shedding of vortices from the leading edge of the mouth of the cavity feeds energy into the acoustic modes which, in turn, affect the shedding of the next vortex. This so-called aeroacoustic whistle can excite very high amplitude acoustic standing waves within a cavity defined by coaxial side branches closed at their ends. The amplitude of these standing waves can easily be 20% of the ambient pressure at optimal gas flow rates and ambient pressures within the main pipe. A standing wave thermoacoustic heat pump is a device which utilizes the in-phase pressure and displacement oscillations to pump heat across a porous medium thereby establishing, or maintaining, a temperature gradient. Experimental results of a combined system of aeroacoustic sound source and a simple thermoacoustic stack will be presented.

  8. Absorption heat pump for space applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Tuan; Simon, William E.; Warrier, Gopinath R.; Woramontri, Woranun

    1993-01-01

    In the first part, the performance of the Absorption Heat Pump (AHP) with water-sulfuric acid and water-magnesium chloride as two new refrigerant-absorbent fluid pairs was investigated. A model was proposed for the analysis of the new working pairs in a heat pump system, subject to different temperature lifts. Computer codes were developed to calculate the Coefficient of Performance (COP) of the system with the thermodynamic properties of the working fluids obtained from the literature. The study shows the potential of water-sulfuric acid as a satisfactory replacement for water-lithium bromide in the targeted temperature range. The performance of the AHP using water-magnesium chloride as refrigerant-absorbent pair does not compare well with those obtained using water-lithium bromide. The second part concentrated on the design and testing of a simple ElectroHydrodynamic (EHD) Pump. A theoretical design model based on continuum electromechanics was analyzed to predict the performance characteristics of the EHD pump to circulate the fluid in the absorption heat pump. A numerical method of solving the governing equations was established to predict the velocity profile, pressure - flow rate relationship and efficiency of the pump. The predicted operational characteristics of the EHD pump is comparable to that of turbomachinery hardware; however, the overall efficiency of the electromagnetic pump is much lower. An experimental investigation to verify the numerical results was conducted. The pressure - flow rate performance characteristics and overall efficiency of the pump obtained experimentally agree well with the theoretical model.

  9. Flue gas condensing with heat pump; Roekgaskondensering med vaermepump

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Axby, Fredrik; Pettersson, Camilla [Carl Bro Energikonsult AB, Malmoe (Sweden)

    2004-11-01

    Flue gas condensing is often both a technically and economically efficient method to increase the thermal efficiency in a plant using fuels with high moisture and/or high hydrogen content. The temperature of the return water in district heating systems in Sweden is normally 50 deg C, which gives quite high efficiency for a flue gas condenser. The flue gas after the flue gas condenser still contains energy that to some extent can be recovered by a combustion air humidifier or a heat pump. The object of this project is to technically and economically analyse flue gas condensing with heat pump. The aim is that plant owners get basic data to evaluate if a coupling between a flue gas condenser and a heat pump could be of interest for their plant. With a heat pump the district heating water can be 'sub cooled' to increase the heat recover in the flue gas condenser and thereby increase the total efficiency. The project is set up as a case study of three different plants that represent different types of technologies and sizes; Aabyverket in Oerebro, Amagerforbraending in Copenhagen and Staffanstorp district heating central. In this report a system with a partial flow through the condenser of the heat pump is studied. For each plant one case with the smallest heat pump and a total optimization regarding total efficiency and cost for investment has been calculated. In addition to the optimizations sensitivity analyzes has been done of the following parameters: Moisture in fuel; Type of heat pump; Temperature of the return water in the district heating system; and, Size of plant. The calculations shows that the total efficiency increases with about 6 % by the installation of the heat pump at a temperature of the return water in the district heating system of 50 deg C at Aabyverket. The cost for production of heat is just below 210 kr/MWh and the straight time for pay-off is 5,4 years at 250 kr/MWh in heat credit and at 300 kr/MWh in basic price for electricity. The

  10. Commissioning Techniques of Direct Air-cooling Exhausted Steam Absorbing Heat Pump System%直接空冷机组乏汽吸收式热泵系统调试技术探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于天群; 叶宁; 白志刚

    2014-01-01

    The basic operation principle of heat pump and the main commissioning content and procedure are analysed. The application of direct air-cooling exhausted steam absorbing heat pump in heating network water circulating system,steam-driven system, exhausted steam system,water cooling system,steam-driven water pump system and vacuum system are introduced,and the problems and solutions encountered during the commissioning are summed up,which provides technical reference to promote the application of waste heat absorbing heat pump.%分析了热泵工作基本原理及热泵系统调试过程中主要包含的内容及流程,总结了直接空冷系统乏汽利用吸收式热泵工程项目在热网循环水系统、驱动蒸汽系统、乏汽系统、减温水系统、驱动蒸汽疏水泵系统、真空系统等调试过程中遇到的问题和解决办法,有利于乏汽吸收式热泵技术的推广应用。

  11. Electricity Market Optimization of Heat Pump Portfolio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biegel, Benjamin; Andersen, Palle; Pedersen, Tom S.

    2013-01-01

    We consider a portfolio of domestic heat pumps controlled by an aggregator. The aggregator is able to adjust the consumption of the heat pumps without affecting the comfort in the houses and uses this ability to shift the main consumption to hours with low electricity prices. Further......, the aggregator is able to place upward and downward regulating bids in the regulating power market based on the consumption flexibility. A simulation is carried out based on data from a Danish domestic heat pump project, historical spot prices, regulating power prices, and spot price predictions. The simulations...... show that price reductions of 18 − 20 % can be achieved compared to the heat pumps currently in operation....

  12. High performance heat pump absorption cycles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lazzarin, R.; Longo, G.; Rossetto, L.

    1988-10-01

    Absorption heat pumps can provide high performances when operating in suitable cycles with multiple effects. This report describes some multistage cycles and evaluates the coefficient of performance realistically obtainable both in winter and summer working conditions.

  13. ENERGY STAR Certified Geothermal Heat Pumps

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Certified models meet all ENERGY STAR requirements as listed in the Version 3.0 ENERGY STAR Program Requirements for Geothermal Heat Pumps that are effective as of...

  14. Development and testing of mini heat pump for low-energy houses. Final report; Udvikling og test af minivarmepumpe til lavenergihuse. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedersen, Per Henrik; Madsen, Claus; Frederiksen, Klaus; Andreasen, Marcin Blazniak (Teknologisk Institut, Koele- og Varmepumpeteknik, Taastrup (Denmark))

    2010-11-15

    New residential houses are better insulated, and this reduces the need for heat during the winter period. In addition to this many new houses have floor heating systems. This combination is favourable for small heat pumps which can produce heat to central water systems with low water temperatures in the area 25 to 35 C. 4 prototypes of mini heat pumps of the brine/water type was build and tested in the refrigeration laboratory at the Danish Technological Institute (DTI). The prototypes are using a variable speed compressor (Danfoss SLV12) which originally is developed for plug-in supermarket cabinets. The heating capacity of the prototypes can vary between 1.0 and 2.1 kW. The refrigerant charge is 150 grams of R290 (propane). Two prototypes are charged with 375 grams of R134a. Tests were conducted following EN14511 at 0/+35 C and COP was measured to between 3.2 and 3.6 depending of the compressor speed and the type of plate heat exchangers used. This is quite good for such small machines. One of the prototypes was installed in the Energy Flex House which is a new highly insulated test house build at the DTI. The house was equipped with two heat pumps: 1. An exhaust air heat pump taking energy from exhaust air and producing hot tap water and heating the intake air; 2. A mini heat pump for floor heating taking energy from ground source outside the house. A family with four persons lives in the house. During the cold winter 2009/2010 the mini heat pump showed good performance and the COP varies between 2.0 and 4.0. The lower value was caused by a fault in the floor heating hoses, which made it necessary to increase the temperature of the central heating water, which decreased the efficiency of the heat pump during the coldest winter period. The floor heating system has been repaired, and a new prototype heat pump with a slightly bigger compressor has been installed for the heating season 2010/2011. A heat pump manufacturer is now producing this combination of exhaust

  15. Evaluation of heat transfer enhancement in air-heating collectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattox, D. L.

    1979-06-01

    The present research effort was initiated for the purpose of increasing the thermal efficiency of air heating solar collectors through identification and development of optimum design and operation criteria for solar absorber-to-air heat exchangers. Initially this effort took the form of a solar collector systems analysis to evaluate the impact of various techniques for enhancing the heat transfer between the absorber and air stream on overall thermal performance of the entire solar collector. This systems analysis resulted in the selection of solar collector designs providing ducted cooling air on the absorber shaded side as a base line. A transient heat transfer analysis of a complete solar air heating collector was used to demonstrate that an optimum absorber-to-air heat exchanger design could be provided with several interrupted fin configurations. Additional analyses were performed to establish that the maximum solar collector thermal performance to required pumping power was realized for a Reynolds number range of 1000 to 2000. This Reynolds number range was used to establish a theoretical design limit curve for maximum thermal performance versus required pumping power for all interrupted fin designs as published in the open literature. Heat and momentum transfer empirical relationships were defined for scaling the state-of-the-art high conductance fin designs identified from a compact configuration to the less compact designs needed for solar collectors.

  16. Feasibility Analysis of Applying Ground-source Heat Pump System in Huaian Urban Planning Area%淮安城市规划区地源热泵系统应用可行性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪名鹏

    2012-01-01

    介绍了淮安城市规划区水文地质条件、岩土体结构、地温场特征以及岩土层的热物理参数,结合地下水地源热泵系统和垂直地埋管地源热泵系统的应用特点,对两种类型的地源热泵系统在淮安规划区应用的可行性进行了分析.结果表明城市规划区面积约97.5%的区域不适宜应用地下水地源热泵系统,仅在规划区西北角小范围内较适宜应用;而垂直地埋管地源热泵系统可适宜在规划区内大面积推广应用,地埋管深度一般100m左右;最后对规划区两种类型的地源热泵系统应用过程中需要注意的几个问题进行了阐述,为淮安城市规划区地源热泵系统规划与试点工作提供了科学依据.%This paper introduces the hydrogeological conditions, rock mass structure, characteristics of ground temperature field and thermophysical parameters of rock mass in urban planning area of Huaian. Combining with the features of groundwater source heat pump system and vertical ground pipe heat pump system, the feasibility application of two kinds of heat pump systems in Huaian planning area is analyzed. The results show that the groundwater source heat pump system is unsuitable for urban planning area about 97.5% ,only the northwest corner of the planning area is less suitable for groundwater source heat pump system;the urban planning area is suitable for vertical ground pipel heat pump system with a large area of the promotion, the depth of underground pipe is about 100m. Finally, some issues to which much attention should be described in the course of application two types of ground-source heat pump systems in urban planning area of Huaian, and it provides scientific references for planning and pilot of application two types of ground-source heat pump systems in urban planning area of Huaian.

  17. Experimental Comparison of Low-temperature Hydraulic Heating Floor and Heat Pump Air-conditioning%低温热水地板与热泵空调器采暖测试对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文; 何雪冰; 陈建苹; 张素云; 刘宪英

    2001-01-01

    通过对重庆地区一住宅内低温热水地板供暖系统的测试,分析对比了该系统与热泵空调器采暖方式对室内热舒适性的影响及运行费用的差别,同时对地板辐射和对流散热的综合效果进行分析,表明在长江流域等非采暖地区应用地板辐射采暖的可行性及优越性。%In this paper the low-temperature hydraulic floor heating system of a residence in Chongqing was tested. The influence of this system and the heat pump air conditioning system on indoor thermal comfort and operation cost was analyzed and compared. The effect of heat dissipation by radiation and convention of the floor was analyzed. It shows the feasibility and advantage of floor heating system in Yangtse River Region.

  18. Economics of heat pump assisted drying systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pendyala, V.R.; Devotta, S.; Patwardhan, V.S.

    1986-01-01

    The sensitivity of the economics of heat pump assisted dryers to various factors such as design, operational and economic variables, when payback period is adopted as the criterion, has been assessed for Indian conditions. Results have been presented in graphical form to illustrate the optimum conditions for economic viability. For the specific typical conditions and the current costs of electricity and steam in India, a heat pump assisted dryer has a payback period in the range of two to three years.

  19. 涡旋式水源热泵系统性能仿真%Performance Simulation of Scroll Water Source Heat Pump System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤志远; 丁国良

    2011-01-01

    为了预测涡旋式水源热泵系统变结构和变工况稳态性能,建立了稳态涡旋式热泵系统仿真模型.其中涡旋式压缩机模型考虑了吸、排气换热对工质流量和排气温度的影响以及流量、排气温度和输入功率三者的耦合关系;通过增加电子膨胀阀开度对蒸发器出口过热度的控制模型,反映了过热度对膨胀阀流量的影响.系统算法综合了顺序模块法和连续迭代法,改善了迭代收敛性,且易于实现部件模型的模块化.与实验结果对比表明:模型预测值与实验值的误差小于4.4%.%To predict the steady performance of scroll water source heat pumps with different configuration and working condition a steady systematic model for scroll water source heat pump is established. In modeling the compressor, the effect of suction heatin on mass flow and the effect of discharge heat exchange on discharge temperature as well as coupling relationship between mas flow, discharge temperature and input power are considered. The effect of the superheat of evaporator on the mass flow through tfc electrical expansion valve (EEV) is reflected by the control model of EEV opening degree on the superheat of evaporator. Successrv Substitution Method and Sequential Modular Method are used in the system simulation, which is 'in favor of modulization an maintainability of components, as well as convergence of algorithm. The deviations between the model predictions and the test dai are less than 4.4%.

  20. Economic COP Optimization of a Heat Pump with Hierarchical Model Predictive Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tahersima, Fatemeh; Stoustrup, Jakob; Rasmussen, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    A low-temperature heating system is studied in this paper. It consists of hydronic under-floor heating pipes and an air/ground source heat pump. The heat pump in such a setup is conventionally controlled only by feed-forwarding the ambient temperature. Having shown >10% cut-down on electricity...... bills by involving feedback control in a previous study, this paper has continued the same line of argument and has investigated effects of a priori knowledge on weather forecast and electricity price profile to alleviate the total electricity cost subject to constraints on resident's thermal comfort......'s coefficient of performance. At the same time, it determines the actual temperature set-points of the rooms by deviating from the user-defined set-points within a thermal tolerance zone. Simulations results confirm significant cut-down on electricity bills without sacrificing resident thermal comfort...

  1. Field Performance of Heat Pump Water Heaters in the Northeast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shapiro, Carl [Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings, Norwalk, CT (United States); Puttagunta, Srikanth [Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings, Norwalk, CT (United States)

    2016-02-01

    Heat pump water heaters (HPWHs) are finally entering the mainstream residential water heater market. Potential catalysts are increased consumer demand for higher energy efficiency electric water heating and a new Federal water heating standard that effectively mandates use of HPWHs for electric storage water heaters with nominal capacities greater than 55 gallons. When compared to electric resistance water heating, the energy and cost savings potential of HPWHs is tremendous. Converting all electric resistance water heaters to HPWHs could save American consumers 7.8 billion dollars annually ($182 per household) in water heating operating costs and cut annual residential source energy consumption for water heating by 0.70 quads.

  2. 开式湖水源热泵系统的水体热承载能力计算方法%CALCULATION MEETHOD OF THE HEAT CARRING CAPACITY OF WATER IN LAKE-WATER SOURCE HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇; 韩传璞

    2012-01-01

    在流体运动基本方程N-S方程的基础上,利用水温、质量和能量方程,建立了湖水源热泵系统利用水体水温变化的二维数学模型,并耦合求解得到水体水温的数值解.以夏季取水温度限值为依据,求解出在供冷期间不同负荷特征以及不同初始水温下水体能够承受的最大排热量.通过回归方法,得到水体热承载能力的检验方程.根据工程案例测试数据分析,该计算方法下的理论结果和实际测试结果较吻合,能够应用于湖水源热泵系统的可行性研究.%Based on N-S equations, dynamic two-dimensional model of lake water used for lake-water source heat pump system was built using temperature equation mass equation and energy equation. And arithmetic solution of wate temperature was attained by coupled solution. Based on limit temperature of water abstraction in summer, the largest quantity of heat the water can carried was obtained in different load and different start water temperature in heating period. Through regression, heat carrying capacity of water was obtained. Based on test data analysis, engineering project, theoretical result and test result in this computational method were coincide well,and this computational method can be used in feasibility study for lake-water source heat pump system.

  3. System Design and Energy Saving Technology Analysis of Ground-source Heat Pump%土壤源热泵系统设计与节能技术分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵金秀; 周红星

    2009-01-01

    The design scheme and characteristics of the ground-source heat pump system were introduced.In addition,the energy consumption during operation periods was briefly analyzed.%主要介绍了土壤源热泵系统的设计及特点,并初步分析了该系统的运行能耗情况.

  4. 太阳能—地源热泵联合循环技术研究%Study on Technologies of Solar Energy and Ground Source Heat Pump Combined Circulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙洲阳; 陈武

    2011-01-01

    太阳能—地源热泵系统联合循环的研究目前还没有形成完备的理论体系,可供应用的基础数据不足,还不能为工程实际应用提供充足的理论依据.本文就太阳能与地源热泵系统联合运行的必要性和可行性进行探讨,提出了相应的技术方案;总结太阳能—地源热泵空调系统的特性,提出太阳能—地源热泵空调系统有待解决的问题,为太阳能—地源热泵联合循环技术在建筑上应用提供参考和借鉴.%Theory system of solar energy combined with ground-source heat pump has not been mature, thereby lack basic data and theory thereunder for engineering application. Necessarity and feasibility of solar energy combined with ground-source heat pump is discussed, bring forward corresponding technique scheme. Character of solar energy combined with ground-source heat pump system is summarized, and bring forward await settle problems, provide reference for architecture application of solar energy combined with ground-source heat pump.

  5. 地源热泵数据监测系统技术评价与应用分析%Technical evaluation and application analysis of ground-source heat pump data monitoring systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王华军; 齐承英; 赵冰; 湛文贤

    2012-01-01

    根据当前地源热泵数据监测系统的实施情况,将其分为地下型、地上型、地下+地上型,并进行了技术评价.结合工程实例,介绍了地上型地源热泵数据监测系统的应用情况.提出了尽快完善地源热泵数据监测系统标准体系的建议.%Based on the implementation practice of ground-source heat pump data monitoring systems, classifies the ground-source heat pump data monitoring systems as underground type, overground type and underground plus overground type, and evaluates each of them. With a project example, presents the application of overground type ground-source heat pump data monitoring systems. Proposes to develop ground-source heat pump data monitoring technology standard system as soon as possible.

  6. 浙江地区地源热泵系统适应性研究和设计方法%Adaptability and Design Method for Ground-source Heat Pump System in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐峰; 胡吉士

    2014-01-01

    Currently, ground-source heat pump technology is widely applied as a renewable energy technology in Zhejiang. From a practical application point of view, there are still many errors in the appli-cable building types and design of the technology. The adaptability of ground-source heat pump system in different building types is analyzed with years of experience in designing ground-source heat pump system. The design methods are presented. The work would provide method and reference for reasonable applica-tion of ground-source heat pump technology in places with hot summer and cold winter.%目前,地源热泵技术作为一项可再生能源技术在浙江地区大力推进。从实际应用看,该技术在适用的建筑类型和设计方面尚存在诸多误区。结合笔者对地源热泵系统多年的设计经验,研究分析了浙江地区地源热泵系统在不同建筑类型中的适应性,并提出了相应的设计方法,可为夏热冬冷地区合理应用地源热泵技术提供参考。

  7. Development trend analysis of heat pump technology at home and abroad%国际热泵技术发展趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨灵艳; 徐伟; 朱清宇; 肖龙

    2012-01-01

    综述了由国际能源组织热泵中心主办的第10届国际热泵大会的相关内容,认为当前热泵技术已进入循环促进、良性发展的阶段.总结分析了当前热泵技术发展的热点,包括地源热泵系统的地埋管换热器、复合式系统、系统能效研究,空气源热泵的低温应用、除霜、能效研究以及新型制冷剂和热泵机组的研究等,同时预测了未来国际热泵技术的发展趋势.%Reviews the contents of the 10th international heat pump conference hosted by the International Energy Agency (IEA) Heat Pump Centre. Considers that the heat pump technology has entered into a stage of circulating acceleration and sound development. Summarizes the current foci in heat pump technology researches, including the ground heat exchanger, combined system and energy efficiency of ground-source heat pump systems, the low temperature application, defrosting and energy efficiency of air-source heat pump systems, and the development of new refrigerants and heat pump units. Forecasts the future development trend of heat pump technology.

  8. A study on modeling and performance assessment of a heat pump system for utilizing low temperature geothermal resources in buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hepbasli, Arif [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ege University, 35100 Bornova, Izmir (Turkey); Tolga Balta, M. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aksaray Engineering Faculty, Nigde University, 68100 Aksaray (Turkey)

    2007-10-15

    Low and moderate geothermal resources are found in most areas of the world. A very efficient way to heat and air-condition homes and buildings is the utilization of ground source heat pumps (GSHPs), also known as geothermal heat pump (GHPs), to obtain heat energy from low temperature geothermal resources. The present study deals with the modeling and performance evaluation of a heat pump system utilizing a low temperature geothermal resource, which is approximated to a geothermal reservoir. The system was designed, constructed and tested in Nigde University, Nigde, Turkey and has been successfully operated since 2005. Energy and exergy analysis methods were used to assess the system performance based on the experimental data. Exergy destructions (or irreversibilities) as well as energy and exergy efficiency relations were presented for each component of the heat pump unit and the whole system, while some thermodynamic parameters, such as fuel depletion ratio, relative irreversibility, productivity lack, exergetic factor and improvement potential, were investigated for the system. Energy and exergy efficiency values on a product/fuel basis were found to range from 73.9% to 73.3% and 63.3% to 51.7% at dead (reference) state temperatures varying from 0 to 25 C for the heat pump unit and entire system, respectively. It is expected that the model presented here would be beneficial to the researchers, government administration, and engineers working in the area of heat pump systems for residential applications. (author)

  9. 地源热泵系统在上海地区学校建筑中的应用%Application of ground-source heat pump system into the school building of Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚哲卿; 邓波

    2012-01-01

    上海地区学校建筑空调系统可以以土壤作为热源/热汇.针对学校案例分析介绍地源热泵系统流程、系统的控制及经济性等,认为地源热泵空调系统应该与生活热水系统相结合,并综合考虑冷热平衡问题.%The school building may adopt soil as the heat source/sink of the heat pump system in Shanghai. The system flow,control system and economics in school project are presented and analyzed. The ground-source heat pump system should be combined with domestic hot water system. It's necessary to pay attention to the heat balance.

  10. Assessment of two-level heat pump installations’ power efficiency for heat supply systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Аlla Е. Denysova

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The problem of energy saving becomes one of the most important in power engineering. It is caused by exhaustion of world reserves in hydrocarbon fuel, such as gas, oil and coal representing sources of traditional heat supply. Conventional sources has essential shortcomings: low power, ecological and economic efficiencies, that can be eliminated by using alternative methods of power supply, like the considered one: low-temperature natural heat of ground waters of on the basis of heat pump installations application. The heat supply system considered provides an effective use of two-level heat pump installation operating as heat source the Odessa city ground waters during the lowest ambient temperature period. Proposed is a calculation method of heat pump installations on the basis of geothermal heat supply. Calculated are the values of electric energy consumption N by the compressors’ drive, and the heat supply system transformation coefficient µ for a source of geothermal heat from ground waters of Odessa city allowing to estimate efficiency of two-level heat pump installations.

  11. 固体吸附式空调/热泵在火电厂中的应用研究%STUDY ON APPLYING SOLID-ADSORPTION AIR CONDITIONING / HEAT PUMP IN THERMAL POWER PLANT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李中华; 王如竹; 刘建军; 柳正军; 刘洪文

    2001-01-01

    采用新型固体吸附式制冷技术开发了电站锅炉排污热回收系统。该系统可直接回收排污热进行空调制冷,并对电厂热力系统进行热泵供热,不但节约大量空调用电,而且提高了机组热经济性,具有显著的节能效果。%A heat recovery system of discharged waste water from boilers in thermal power plant was developed. The recovered heat can be used to drive solid-adsorption refrigerator for air conditioning and supply heat to heat-pump for thermal system, reducing greatly the electricity consumption of air conditioning, improving thermal efficiency of generating units, resulting in obvious energy-saving effect.

  12. Modelling the Contribution of Domestic Heat Pumps to Delivering UK Energy Policy Objectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Rowley

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The UK Government has ambitious targets for CO2 emissions reductions, particularly for the domestic housing stock. One technology that is expected to contribute significantly is heat pumps, both air and ground source. However, recent field trial results suggest that heat pumps in the UK are not delivering to performance expectations. This paper looks at the implications of these results for the UK housing stock’s future CO2 emissions. The English Housing Condition Survey dataset is used as the basis for a Monte Carlo simulation in order to model CO2 emissions and energy consumption for the whole of English housing stock out to 2050. The results suggest that, given the current UK electricity grid CO2 emission factor, in the short term poor heat pump performance could lead to a rise in emissions where natural gas boilers are displaced. In the longer term, heat pumps can realise emissions reductions when installed at high penetration levels when combined with a grid decarbonisation strategy. Until grid decarbonisation occurs, an alternative phased strategy is proposed that includes phased replacement of resistive electric heating, first in households in fuel poverty and then the remainder of properties with this heating type. Following this phased strategy, real emissions savings are possible along with a potential reduction in fuel poverty.

  13. Accommodation Mode of Wind Power Based on Water Source Heat Pump Technology%基于水源热泵技术的风电消纳模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李群英; 冯利民; 许宇辉; 李春亮; 王绍然

    2012-01-01

    Based on the water source heat pump technology,a novel mode on wind power accommodation is proposed.The principle of this mode is analyzed firstly,its impacts on the improvement of the wind power accommodation,the promotion of energy-saving and emission-reduction,the improvement of city heat supply and the economic enhancement of the electrical generation enterprises are studied.With the proposed mode,the residual heat of the circulating water in the heat-engine plants can be recycled to improve the quality of city heat supply,the stability of the heat supply network and the capacity of wind power accommodation in the power grid,and reduce carbon emission during the process of electric power generation.The economic,social,environmental benefits and its application prospect are verified by the research data.%提出了基于水源热泵技术的风电消纳模式。分析了该模式的原理,研究了其在增加风电消纳、促进节能减排、改善城市供热及提高发电企业经济效益等方面的作用。研究表明,通过该模式,可将火力发电厂冷却循环水中的低品位余热转变为有用热能进行城市供暖,提高城市集中供热的质量和稳定性,同时还能够显著增加电网风电消纳能力,并有利于减少电能生产过程中的污染物排放。分析表明,该模式具有良好的经济、社会与环境效益,具备良好的发展前景。

  14. Systems for apartment buildings heat pumps. Final report; System foer fastighetsvaermepumpar. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aakervall, Daniel (WSP Environmental, Stockholm (Sweden)); Rogstam, Joergen; Grotherus, Maarten (Sveriges Energi- och Kylcentrum, Katrineholm (Sweden))

    2009-05-15

    A fast growing segment of the heat pump business is the apartment building applications. Historically the experience base related to such installations is limited. However, this application is more complex than the much more widely spread domestic applications. The core idea of the project was to generate and collect information to avoid mistakes and to encourage the heat pump technology. By interviewing the 'market' and compiling the information good recommendations has been achieved. It is of great importance to convey the best available recommendations to the installers on the market to avoid pit holes and highlight the opportunities for installers and end consumers. A website has been design and built, www.sfvp.se, which contains useful tools for installers and potential system customers. A number of calculation tools to estimate heat requirement, cost of different heating systems, primary energy need, LCC, etc. are all available. The core of the site is the database containing heat pump installations with related data of importance. The data available is such key data as performance figures, cost of installation, etc. Today 104 system installations are collected in the database and these are marked in a colour coding to indicate the quality of the input data. Installations verified with measurement are given higher significance. It has been an unexpected challenge to find documented systems, so one of the conclusions of the project is that there is a great need for further measurement on the field. More information should be directed to the customers to request such equipment when systems are installed. The database enables statistical analysis of the key figures and it can be seen that the average seasonal COP is 3.2 and there are small differences between exhaust air and ground source heat pumps. It should be emphasised that the number of installations do not give statistical confidence for all kinds of analysis yet. Field measurements in apartment

  15. Radon as a tracer to characterize the interactions between groundwater and surface water around the ground source heat pump system in riverside area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jaeyeon; Lee, Seong-Sun; Lee, Kang-Kun

    2016-04-01

    The interaction characteristics between groundwater and surface water was examined by using Radon-222 at Han River Environmental Research Center (HRERC) in Korea where a geothermal resource using indirect open loop ground source heat pump (GSHP) has been developed. For designing a high efficiency performance of the open loop system in shallow aquifer, the riverside area was selected for great advantage of full capacity of well. From this reason groundwater properties of the study site can be easily influenced by influx of surrounding Han River. Therefore, 12 groundwater wells were used for monitoring radon concentration and groundwater level with fluctuation of river stage from May, 2014 to Apr., 2015. The short term monitoring data showed that the radon concentration was changed in accordance with flow meter data which was reflected well by the river stage fluctuation. The spatial distribution of radon concentration from long term monitoring data was also found to be affected by water level fluctuation by nearby dam activity and seasonal effect such as heavy rainfall and groundwater pumping. The estimated residence time indicates that river flows to the study site change its direction according to the combined effect of river stage and groundwater hydrology. In the linear regression of the values, flow velocities were yielded around 0.04 to 0.25 m/day which were similar to flow meter data. These results reveal that Radon-222 can be used as an appropriate environmental tracer in examining the characteristics of interaction in consideration of fluctuating river flow on operation of GSHP in the riverside area. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work was supported by the research project of "Advanced Technology for Groundwater Development and Application in Riversides (Geowater+) in "Water Resources Management Program (code 11 Technology Innovation C05)" of the MOLIT and the KAIA in Korea.

  16. Demand flexibility from residential heat pump

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhattarai, Bishnu Prasad; Bak-Jensen, Birgitte; Pillai, Jayakrishnan Radhakrishna

    2014-01-01

    with high thermal time constant, heat pumps (HP) can offer a great deal of flexibility in the future intelligent grids especially to compensate fluctuating generation. However, the HP flexibility is highly dependent on thermal demand profile, namely hot water and space heating demand. This paper proposes...

  17. Lunar base heat pump, phase 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Jeffrey H.; Harvey, A.; Lovell, T.; Walker, David H.

    1994-01-01

    This report describes the Phase 1 process and analysis used to select a refrigerant and thermodynamic cycle as the basis of a vapor compression heat pump requiring a high temperature lift, then to perform a preliminary design to implement the selected concept, including major component selection. Use of a vapor compression heat pump versus other types was based on prior work performed for the Electric Power Research Institute. A high lift heat pump is needed to enable a thermal control system to remove heat down to 275 K from a habitable volume when the external thermal environment is severe. For example, a long-term lunar base habitat will reject heat from a space radiator to a 325 K environment. The first step in the selection process was to perform an optimization trade study, quantifying the effect of radiator operating temperature and heat pump efficiency on total system mass; then, select the radiator operating temperature corresponding to the lowest system mass. Total system mass included radiators, all heat pump components, and the power supply system. The study showed that lunar night operation, with no temperature lift, dictated the radiator size. To operate otherwise would require a high mass penalty to store power. With the defined radiation surface, and heat pump performances assumed to be from 40 percent to 60 percent of the Carnot ideal, the optimum heat rejection temperature ranged from 387 K to 377 K, as a function of heat pump performance. Refrigerant and thermodynamic cycles were then selected to best meet the previously determined design conditions. The system was then adapted as a ground-based prototype lifting temperature to 360 K (versus 385 K for flight unit) and using readily available commercial-grade components. Over 40 refrigerants, separated into wet and dry compression behavioral types, were considered in the selection process. Refrigerants were initially screened for acceptable critical temperature. The acceptable refrigerants were

  18. A review on adsorption heat pump: Problems and solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Demir, Hasan; MOBEDI, Moghtada; Ülkü, Semra

    2008-01-01

    Adsorption heat pumps have considerably sparked attentions in recent years. The present paper covers the working principle of adsorption heat pumps, recent studies on advanced cycles, developments in adsorbent-adsorbate pairs and design of adsorbent beds. The adsorbent-adsorbate pair features for in order to be employed in the adsorption heat pumps are described. The adsorption heat pumps are compared with the vapor compression and absorption heat pumps. The problems and troubles of adsorptio...

  19. 双级增焓空气源热泵冷热水机组应用于北方低温采暖的实验研究%Research on the Application of 2-stage Enthalpy-adding Air-Cooled Heat Pump (Chiller) in North-China Heating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋亚果

    2015-01-01

    Considered the low average temperature in some areas in winter in North-China, this paper studies air source heat pump with variable-frequency 2-stage enthalpy-adding compressor. Research and analysis is made re-garding its performance in various heating ways and performance comparison with common inverter compressors. Re-sults suggest that energy efficiency of heat pump units using low-temp 2-stage enthalpy-adding compressor is greatly improved under the same performance and units are applicable to a much wider range (including leaving water temp and operating ambient).%本文对北方部分地区冬季平均温度相对较低的情况,设计了变频双级增焓压缩机空气-水热泵,对不同采暖供水温度下的性能进行验证分析,并与普通变频压缩机热泵机组的性能进行对比分析;结果表明,采用低温双级增焓压缩机的热泵机组在相同的性能下能效大幅提升,同时机组适用范围(包括出水温度以及环境范围)也大幅提升。

  20. Heat pumping using the thermal earth gradient to produce air conditioned and hot water with savings of up to 70%; Bombeo de calor utilizando el gradiente termico de la tierra para producir aire acondicionado y agua caliente con ahorros de hasta un 70%

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvarez Ramirez, Alejandro [Novaenergia de Mexico S.A. de C.V. (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    The pumping of heat using the Earth heat as partial energy source bases its principle on which the energy of the ground is constant and the energy efficiency to produce air conditioning and hot water simultaneously is important, obtaining savings up to 70%, comparing itself with the traditional equipment and what these operate of separated way to produce each one of them the cold air and the hot water. The use of this technology presents an opportunity to reduce the energy costs of and the demand of the company. [Spanish] El bombeo de calor utilizando el calor de la tierra como fuente parcial de energia basa su principio en que la energia del suelo es constante y el rendimiento energetico para producir simultaneamente aire acondicionado y agua caliente es importante, obteniendose ahorros hasta de un 70%, comparandose con los equipos tradicionales y que estos operan de manera separada para producir cada uno de ellos el aire frio y el agua caliente. El uso de esta tecnologia presenta una oportunidad para reducir los costos de energia y demanda de la empresa.

  1. The role of large‐scale heat pumps for short term integration of renewable energy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Blarke, Morten; Hansen, Kenneth;

    2011-01-01

    savings with increased wind power and may additionally lead to economic savings in the range of 1,500-1,700 MDKK in total in the period until 2020. Furthermore, the energy system efficiency may be increased due to large heat pumps replacing boiler production. Finally data sheets for large-scale ammonium...... and carbon dioxide heat pumps have been developed regarding COP, investments, O&M, etc., along with heat source uptake investment costs for heat pumps....

  2. Heat Radiators for Electromagnetic Pumps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campana, R. J.

    1986-01-01

    Report proposes use of carbon/carbon composite radiators in electromagnetic coolant pumps of nuclear reactors on spacecraft. Carbon/carbon composite materials function well at temperatures in excess of 2,200 K. Aluminum has melting temperature of only 880 K.

  3. Brookhaven solar-heat-pump simulator: technical description and experimental results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Catan, M.

    1982-07-01

    The series solar-assisted heat pump (SAHP) system has the potential to deliver heat with very high seasonal coefficients of performance (coefficient of performance or COP is the ratio of useful heat delivered to electrical power consumed). This potential rests on the ability of the heat-pump component to use the high source temperatures available from the solar-collector component to deliver heat with a COP which rises monotonically with source temperature. The Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Heat Pump Simulator has played an important role in a program aimed at demonstrating the feasibility of building simple potentially inexpensive heat pumps for use in SAHP systems. Basically the work described here consists of the following: (1) The construction and testing of a laboratory heat pump built from conventional components and characterized by a very desirable COP versus source temperature profile. (2) The testing of two prototype SAHPs built by heat-pump manufacturers under contract to DOE. (3) Detailed component and control tests aimed at establishing improvements in the SAHP prototypes. The paper describes, in some detail, the BNL Heat Pump Simulator, a versatile instrument used to test heat pumps and heat-pump subcomponents under transient and steady-state conditions.

  4. Simulation of the Operating Performance for Supplementing-compressing Heat-pump%补气增焓热泵机组运行性能模拟研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳; 王强

    2011-01-01

    Based on the operating characteristics of air-source-heat-pump in low temperatures, a single-stage air source heat pump and a supplementing-compressing air source heat pump was simulated and calculated. A calculation of heat pump with a process of refilling was presented and the most appropriate pressures in different evaporation temperatures were obtained, which would do a lot of help to improving the operating performance of air-source-heat-pump in low temperatures.%基于空气源热泵机组在低温工况下的运行特性,对单级空气源热泵机组及补气增焓热泵机组进行仿真模拟计算,提出一种带补气的热泵机组运行性能的计算方法,得出不同蒸发温度下最佳补气压力值,对改善低温环境下空气源热泵机组的运行性能具有重要意义。

  5. Natural thermoelectric heat pump in social wasps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishay, Jacob S; Pertsis, Vitaly; Rave, Eran; Goren, Alon; Bergman, David J

    2003-05-30

    Photographs of wasps or hornets, taken with different temperature sensitive infrared cameras, reveal body temperatures that are sometimes significantly lower than the ambient temperature. This suggests that the hornets possess an intrinsic biological heat pump mechanism which can be used to achieve such cooling. Evidence is presented to substantiate this novel suggestion and to argue that the heat pump is most likely implemented by exploiting a thermoelectric effect in the hornet cuticle. Such a natural heat pump can conceivably also serve to cool the active hornet, engaged in daytime activities outside the nest at ambient temperatures exceeding 40 degrees C, to a body temperature that is low enough to allow its survival in extreme thermal conditions. It might also function as a means of raising the body temperature up to a level that enables the hornet to remain active even when the ambient temperature is as low as 10 degrees C.

  6. Optimization Design and Construction of Ground-Source Heat Pump System for a Fivestar Hotel in Jiangsu Province%某五星级酒店土壤源热泵系统设计与施工

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙鹏; 孙家顺

    2015-01-01

    详细分析了酒店建筑的冷、热负荷特性,通过对各冷热源方案的技术性、经济性比较,并结合业主的意见,设计采用地源热泵系统作为本项目的冷热源。对室外地埋管及热泵机房的设计作了介绍,分析了地源热泵系统地埋管换热器的冷热平衡问题。%The cold and heat load characteristic of hotel buildings are analyzed. The ground-source heat pump system is selected as the cold and heat source, with the technical and economical comparison of different heat and cold source programs and owners’ opinions. The design of the outdoor buried tube and the heat pump equipment room is introduced, and the cold and heat balance of soil heat exchanger is analyzed.

  7. Compact interior heat exchangers for CO{sub 2} mobile heat pumping systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hafner, Armin

    2003-07-01

    The natural refrigerant carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) offers new possibilities for design of flexible, efficient and environmentally safe mobile heat pumping systems. As high-efficient car engines with less waste heat are developed, extra heating of the passenger compartment is needed in the cold season. A reversible transcritical CO{sub 2} system with gliding temperature heat rejection can give high air delivery temperature which results in rapid heating of the passenger compartment and rapid defogging or defrosting of windows. When operated in cooling mode, the efficiency of transcritical CO{sub 2} systems is higher compared to common (HFC) air conditioning systems, at most dominant operating conditions. Several issues were identified for the design of compact interior heat exchangers for automotive reversible CO{sub 2} heat pumping systems. Among theses issues are: (1) Refrigerant flow distribution, (2) Heat exchanger fluid flow circuiting, (3) Air temperature uniformity downstream of the heat exchanger, (4) Minimization of temperature approach, (5) Windshield flash fogging due to retained water inside the heat exchanger, (6) Internal beat conduction in heating mode operation, and (7) Refrigerant side pressure drop In order to provide a basis for understanding these issues, the author developed a calculation model and set up a test facility and investigated different prototype heat exchangers experimentally.

  8. Aggregated Control of Domestic Heat Pumps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten M.; Andersen, Palle; Pedersen, Tom S.

    2013-01-01

    A challenge in Denmark in the near future is to balance the electrical grid due to a large increase in the renewable energy production mainly from wind turbines. In this work an aggregated control system using heat pumps in single family houses to help balancing the grid is investigated....... The control system is able to adjust the consumptions of the heat pump without affecting the comfort in the houses and uses this ability to shift the total consumption to hours with high wind energy production....

  9. Analysis of Efficiency for Current Heat Pump

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vygantas Žėkas

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The heat pump is the technology which enables to use renewable energy resources. We can judge about the usage of this technology from the coefficient of performance (COP. It is usually defined according to standard conditions. In this research the actual COP is calculated using thermodynamic analysis method, also performing physical measures of temperatures and pressures of realistically operating thermal pump. This coefficient is analyzed during various characteristic periods of the heating season. The prevailing COP meaning is 3.7-3.9.Article in Lithuanian