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Sample records for aida aguirre raya

  1. AIDA: concerted calorimeter development

    CERN Multimedia

    Felix Sefkow

    2013-01-01

    AIDA – the EU-funded project bringing together more than 80 institutes worldwide – aims at developing new detector solutions for future accelerators. Among the highlights reported at AIDA’s recent annual meeting in Frascati was the completion of an impressive calorimeter test beam programme, conducted by the CALICE collaboration over the past two years at CERN’s PS and SPS beam lines.   The CALICE tungsten calorimeter prototype under test at CERN. This cubic-metre hadron calorimeter prototype has almost 500,000 individually read-out electronics channels – more than all the calorimeters of ATLAS and CMS put together. Calorimeter development in AIDA is mainly motivated by experiments at possible future electron-positron colliders, namely ILC or CLIC. The physics requirements of such future machines demand extremely high-performance calorimetry. This is best achieved using a finely segmented system that reconstructs events using the so-called pa...

  2. ITAINNOVA AIDA-2020 Transnational Access

    CERN Multimedia

    ITAINNOVA, Zaragoza, Spain

    2017-01-01

    The AIDA-2020 Transnational Access program offers access to 10 European facilities, including the Electromagnetic Compatibility Laboratory (EMClab) at Instituto Tecnológico de Aragón (ITAINNOVA) in Spain.

  3. UCLouvain AIDA-2020 Transnational Access

    CERN Multimedia

    Universite catholique de Louvain, Belgium

    2016-01-01

    The AIDA-2020 Transnational Access program offers access to 10 European facilities, including the Centre de Recherche du Cyclotron (CRC) at the Universite catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain) in Belgium.

  4. 78 FR 26341 - Aguirre Offshore GasPort, LLC; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-06

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Aguirre Offshore GasPort, LLC; Notice of Application Take notice that on April 17, 2013, Aguirre Offshore GasPort, LLC (Aguirre), 1450 Lake Robbins Drive, Suite 200, The...) 813-7629. In addition to the LNG terminal, the Aguirre Offshore GasPort Project will include a...

  5. AIDA: Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, A. F.; Galvez, A.; Carnelli, I.; Michel, P.; Rivkin, A.; Reed, C.

    2012-12-01

    To protect the Earth from a hazardous asteroid impact, various mitigation methods have been proposed, including deflection of the asteroid by a spacecraft impact. AIDA, consisting of two mission elements, the Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) and the Asteroid Impact Monitoring (AIM) mission, is a demonstration of asteroid deflection. To date, there has been no such demonstration, and there is major uncertainty in the result of a spacecraft impact onto an asteroid, that is, the amount of deflection produced by a given momentum input from the impact. This uncertainty is in part due to unknown physical properties of the asteroid surface, such as porosity and strength, and in part due to poorly understood impact physics such that the momentum carried off by ejecta is highly uncertain. A first mission to demonstrate asteroid deflection would not only be a major step towards gaining the capability to mitigate an asteroid hazard, but in addition it would return unique information on an asteroid's strength, other surface properties, and internal structure. This information return would be highly relevant to future human exploration of asteroids. We report initial results of the AIDA joint mission concept study undertaken by the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory and ESA with support from NASA centers including Goddard, Johnson and Jet Propulsion Laboratory. For AIDA, the DART spacecraft impactor study is coordinated with an ESA study of the AIM mission, which would rendezvous with the same asteroid to measure effects of the impact. Unlike the previous Don Quijote mission study performed by ESA in 2005-2007, DART envisions an impactor spacecraft to intercept the secondary member of a binary near-Earth asteroid. DART includes ground-based observations to measure the deflection independently of the rendezvous spacecraft observations from AIM, which also measures deflection and provides detailed characterization of the target asteroid. The joint mission AIDA

  6. Of Comedy and Tragedy: A Commentary on Adalberto Aguirre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limon, Jose E.

    2005-01-01

    Jos Limn maintains that Professor Aguirres account may be construed as fundamentally a story of California, albeit one told from a Chicano perspective. It is based less on any red-blooded forms of racism and more on the Roycean, Protestant, individualistic, comedic Anglo California that, in its relentless optimisms and perpetual newness, simply…

  7. La obra literaria de José Luis Aguirre

    OpenAIRE

    Ayora del Olmo, Amparo

    2004-01-01

    Esta tesis se propone el estudio de la obra del escritor José Luis Aguirre.Con tal propósito, se tiene en cuenta su trayectoria biográfica y literaria, la evolución de la narrativa española desde mediados de los 50, época en la que el autor inició su carrera literaria, hasta la actualidad, tratando de relacionarlo con la generación del medio siglo y señalando su conexión con el ambiente cultural valenciano de postguerra. A continuación, analizamos su obra: novelas, teatro, guiones para tel...

  8. A novel EB-1/AIDA-1 isoform, AIDA-1c, interacts with the Cajal body protein coilin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hebert Michael D

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cajal bodies (CBs are nuclear suborganelles that play a role in the biogenesis of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs, which are crucial for pre-mRNA splicing. Upon nuclear reentry, Sm-class snRNPs localize first to the CB, where the snRNA moiety of the snRNP is modified. It is not clear how snRNPs target to the CB and are released from this structure after their modification. Coilin, the CB marker protein, may participate in snRNP biogenesis given that it can interact with snRNPs and SMN. SMN is crucial for snRNP assembly and is the protein mutated in the neurodegenerative disease Spinal Muscular Atrophy. Coilin knockout mice display significant viability problems and altered CB formation. Thus characterization of the CB and its associated proteins will give insight into snRNP biogenesis and clarify the dynamic organization of the nucleus. Results In this report, we identify a novel protein isoform of EB-1/AIDA-1, termed AIDA-1c, that interacts with the CB marker protein, coilin. Northern and nested PCR experiments reveal that the AIDA-1c isoform is expressed in brain and several cancer cell lines. Competition binding experiments demonstrate that AIDA-1c competes with SmB' for coilin binding sites, but does not bind SMN. When ectopically expressed, AIDA-1c is predominantly nuclear with no obvious accumulations in CBs. Interestingly, another EB-1/AIDA-1 nuclear isoform, AIDA-1a, does not bind coilin in vivo as efficiently as AIDA-1c. Knockdown of EB-1/AIDA-1 isoforms by siRNA altered Cajal body organization and reduced cell viability. Conclusion These data suggest that specific EB-1/AIDA-1 isoforms, such as AIDA-1c, may participate in the regulation of nucleoplasmic coilin protein interactions in neuronal and transformed cells.

  9. Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi, Kepemimpinan, dan Motivasi Kerja terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Karyawan CV Surya Raya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laksmi Sito Dwi Irvianti

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted on CV Surya Raya which is engaged in car shipping. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of organization culture, leadership, and working motivation partially to employees’ satisfaction in CV Surya Raya. The data was collected by conducting interviews with the company and distributing questionnaires to 67 employees as respondents and then analyzed using linear regression analysis method. From the research results, leadership variable does not have a significant impact on employees' job satisfaction in CV Surya Raya. Whereas, the motivation variable has greater influence on job satisfaction of CV Surya Raya employees compared to the organization's culture.

  10. GABRIELA MISTRAL Y PEDRO AGUIRRE CERDA A TRAVÉS DE SU CORRESPONDENCIA PRIVADA (1919-1941)

    OpenAIRE

    Matías Tagle Domínguez

    2002-01-01

    Gabriela Mistral and Pedro Aguirre Cerda made acquaintance of themselves in 1916. Since then, they maintained correspondence until 1941. The paper is based on a set of twenty-seven letters written by Gabriela Mistral to Pedro Aguirre Cerda from different places of the world, published in Mapocho journal in 1977. It also includes the Epistolario de Gabriela Mistral issued in the Epistolario de Pedro Aguirre Cerda (1938-1941) published by the Centro de Estudios Barros Arana. Finally, it incorpo...

  11. Centrals Lafayette and Aguirre as potential sites for energy cogeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delucca, R.

    1980-01-01

    Bagasse is the fiber residue left after grinding sugarcane. Its most important characteristics are its heating value, fiber content, moisture content, and ash. Bagasse has always been used in Puerto Rico's sugar mills as fuel for the generation of steam, which in turn is used for moving the mill engines, for processing (and evaporation), and for the generation of electricity. The total bagasse produced during the 1980 crop in all the Puerto Rico sugar mills amounted to approximately 827,213 tons (equivalent on an undried basis to 1,109,293 barrels of fuel-oil, which at current prices would amount to $23,572,476). Since not all sugar mills in Puerto Rico have steam-measuring instrumentation, it is not readily known how much steam was actually produced in the sugar mills from bagasse. But using the Aguirre steam production data we can get a rough figure of what the steam production could have been. In this way we have figured a total steam production of 1,216,320 pounds of steam per hour. After using 60% of this steam for cane grinding, we then have left 486,528 pounds of steam per hour. This amount of steam could be used to produce 12,637.1 kwh of energy in the mill power plants (from bagasse fuel only), as surplus energy which could be sold to the P.R. Electric Power Authority. This would have a value of $3,022,890.00 for a 125-day crop.

  12. Tres publicaciones recientes sobre Lope de Aguirre: Galster, Aguilar y Córdoba, y Balkan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Páramo Bonilla

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Ingrid Galster. Aguirre o la posteridad arbitraria. Bogotá: Universidad del Rosario-Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, 2011. Traducción de Oscar Sola. 844 páginas.Diego de Aguilar y Córdoba. El Marañón [1578]. Madrid-Frankfurt: Universidad de Navarra-Iberoamericana-Vervuert, 2011. 423 páginas.Evan L. Balkan. The Wrath of God: Lope de Aguirre, Revolutionary of the Americas Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2011. 225 páginas.

  13. AIDA – pushing the boundaries of European particle detector research

    CERN Multimedia

    Naomi Gilraen Wyles

    2011-01-01

    AIDA (Advanced European Infrastructures for Detectors at Accelerators), a new project co-funded by the European Union and worth a total of 26 million euros, will be officially launched at CERN next week. The kick-off meeting will take place on 16-18 February, during which Europe-wide detector physicists will come together to begin work on detector infrastructure developments for future particle physics experiments.   Coordinated by CERN, AIDA involves more than 80 institutes and laboratories from 23 countries as beneficiaries or associate partners (the full list can be found here). This four-year project will receive 8 million euros from the European Commission's FP7 Research Infrastructures programme. AIDA will develop facilities covering the four main goals identified by the European Strategy for Particle Physics. These are the LHC upgrade, Linear Colliders, Neutrino facilities and Super-B factories. These facilities will also be available for other researchers in the fields of nuclear and par...

  14. AIDA: the Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincent, Jean-Baptiste

    2016-07-01

    The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission is a joint cooperation between European and US space agencies that consists of two separate and independent spacecraft that will be launched to a binary asteroid system, the near-Earth asteroid Didymos, to assess the possibility of deflecting an asteroid trajectory by using a kinetic impactor. The European Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is under Phase A/B1 study at ESA from March 2015 until summer 2016. AIM is set to rendez-vous with the asteroid system a few months prior to the impact by the US Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft to fully characterize the smaller of the two binary components. AIM is a unique mission as it will be the first time that a spacecraft will investigate the surface, subsurface, and internal properties of a small binary near Earth asteroid. In addition it will perform various important technology demonstrations that can serve other space missions: AIM will release a set of CubeSats in deep space and a lander on the surface of the smaller asteroid and for the first time, deep-space inter-satellite linking will be demonstrated between the main spacecraft, the CubeSats, and the lander, and data will also be transmitted from interplanetary space to Earth by a laser communication system. The knowledge obtained by this mission will have great implications for our understanding of the history of the Solar System. Small asteroids are believed to result from collisions and other processes (e.g., spinup, shaking) that made them what they are now. Having direct information on their surface and internal properties will allow us to understand how these processes work and transform these small bodies as well as, for this particular case, how a binary system forms. So far, our understanding of the collisional process and the validation of numerical simulations of the impact process rely on impact experiments at laboratory scales. With DART, thanks to the characterization of the

  15. Personal Stories, Voice and Presence in Academe: A Dialogical Response to Aguirre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padilla, Raymond V.; Martinez, Ruben O.

    2005-01-01

    Using the dialogical method, the discussants provide a critical examination of the issues raised by Aguirre. The dialogue centers on Chicana/os Studies as the vehicle that provided both entry into and context within the academy for Chicana/os joining the faculty in higher education during the second half of the twentieth century. Using El Plan de…

  16. Novel roles for the AIDA adhesin from diarrheagenic Escherichia coli:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sherlock, Orla; Schembri, Mark; Reisner, A.;

    2004-01-01

    is a potent bacterial adhesin associated with some diarrheagenic E. coli strains. AIDA mediates bacterial attachment to a broad variety of human and other mammalian cells. It is a surface-displayed autotransporter protein and belongs to the selected group of bacterial glycoproteins; only the glycosylated form...

  17. Herpetofauna diversity at Gunung Raya, Pulau Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehwan, N.; Shukor, M. N.; Salmah, Y.; Grismer, L. L.; Norhayati, A.

    2016-11-01

    An inventory of herpetofauna was conducted on Gunung Raya, Pulau Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia from February 2014 to January 2015 to evaluate species diversity in order to: 1) determine the diversity of herpetofauna, 2) determine conservation status of rare or new species, and 3) provide preliminary data that may be used for future conservation of the reptilian and amphibian community. Two methods of passive sampling techniques were used, namely drift-fenced pitfall traps (DPT) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe traps (PPT). Observed species richness is 33 species of herpetofauna, consisting of 10 species of amphibians and 23 species of reptiles. The diversity indices indicated moderate diversity for amphibians (H'= 1.7) and reptiles (H'= 2.4), supported by low dominance index for amphibians (D= 0.24) and reptiles (D= 0.13). Similarity indices suggested species compositions were dissimilar among habitats.

  18. GABRIELA MISTRAL Y PEDRO AGUIRRE CERDA A TRAVÉS DE SU CORRESPONDENCIA PRIVADA (1919-1941

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matías Tagle Domínguez

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Gabriela Mistral and Pedro Aguirre Cerda made acquaintance of themselves in 1916. Since then, they maintained correspondence until 1941. The paper is based on a set of twenty-seven letters written by Gabriela Mistral to Pedro Aguirre Cerda from different places of the world, published in Mapocho journal in 1977. It also includes the Epistolario de Gabriela Mistral issued in the Epistolario de Pedro Aguirre Cerda (1938-1941 published by the Centro de Estudios Barros Arana. Finally, it incorporates a letter by Juana Aguirre de Aguirre to Mistral, dated in 1942. This is completed by different references that both of them made in their letters to other people. The paper reviews four aspects of the relation between Gabriela Mistral and Pedro Aguirre Cerda. The first topic is in regard to the poetess daily life aspects. A second question its related with Gabriela Mistral’s professional matters, specially the ones connected with her labor as an educator, as an international government employee and as a publicist of our country in other places of the world. The third issue is related to the poetess’s opinions concerning issues about Chilean politics. Finally, the fourth topic is in relation with subjects concerning Mistral’s private life and personal opinions.

  19. New AIDA-2020 call for breakthrough detector technologies

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Physicists, engineers, and industry will be interested in a new proof-of-concept fund for breakthrough projects from the general field of detector development and testing.   Launched in the framework of the European project AIDA-2020, this open call will provide up to 200k€ of seed funding to support innovative and societal applications with a focus on industry-oriented applications. The deadline for applying is 20 October 2016. More information here.

  20. Il mito di Lope de Aguirre in due opere della drammaturgia franchista e postfranchista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arianna Fiore

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Twentieth-century Spanish theatre is often inspired by the figure of Lope de Aguirre, with motifs and modes that change depending on time, considering 1939 and 1975 two crucial watershed moments in the cultural history of the Iberian Peninsula. The dramatic works analysed date back precisely to the years of Franco’s dictatorship and the democratic period: in 1941 Gonzalo Torrente Ballester was the first twentieth-century dramatist to devote a text, entitled Lope de Aguirre, to the life of the Basque conqueror. The work, for reasons that will be explored in the present essay, was never staged in Franco’s time: Ballester’s Aguirre is a romantic hero who defies the king to defeat the injustices which he is forced to witness, and everyone, men, women, blacks, indios, will at last be free under his red-black banner. Dona Elvira, Imaginate Euskadi (1985, by Ignacio Amestoy Egiguren, is the first published work in the democratic era. It can be read as a great metaphor of the Basque issue, the tragedy of Euskadi and the climate of violence and tension that characterized the Basque Country in the 1980s.

  1. PERENCANAAN PENGEMBANGAN LAHAN SAWAH DI KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandi Nurdin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available As one of the alternative location for paddy fields development, Kubu Raya Regencyhave a problem with lack of information on the land suitability and land availability. This study aimed to analyze the development potency of paddy field through land availability and land suitability analysis. The land availability was analyzed based on the land use and land cover interpreted from Landsat 8 image, a map of forest areas status, a map of spatial land use planning and a map of paddy field from the Ministry of Agriculture. Meanwhile, the evaluation ofland suitability wasexamined using the land system map (RePPProT scale of 1: 250,000,which then complemented with the result of soil analysis. Analysis of land suitability wasconducted using the maximum limitation method.The research results show that suitable land for paddy field is 205,914 ha, which are classified into S3 with the limiting factor are poor drainage, peat maturity, peat depth and nutrients availability. Potential land (land suitability and land availability for paddy fields development reached 62,176 ha. Recommended Development areas in the first priority is 1124 ha, the second priority is 35,334 ha and the third priority is 25,718 ha.

  2. Manajemen Lalu Lintas Akibat Trem Di Jalan Raya Darmo Surabaya

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    Zuhri Muhis

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan transportasi di kota Surabaya salah satunya adalah kemacetan, sarana transportasi massal (trem dengan kualitas baik, aman dan nyaman bagi pengguna adalah solusi yang bisa dikembangkan. Akibat adanya trem kinerja lalu lintas mengalami perubahan dan perlu dianalisis serta dilakukan manajemen lalu lintas. Kondisi lalu lintas setelah adanya trem dapat dilakukan dengan mengurangi arus lalu-lintas pada kondisi puncak yang dikalikan dengan probabilitas perpindahan angkutan pribadi ke trem sebagai demand trem sebesar 20 % masing-masing untuk mobil dan sepeda motor serta pengurangan lajur untuk trem sedangkan manajemen lalu lintas menggunakan teori Traffic Demand Management (TDM dengan beberapa syarat sehingga  akan terjadi pengurangan volume lalu lintas sebesar 35%. Derajat Kejenuhan (DS di Jalan Raya Darmo pada simpang, ruas dan jalinan sebelum dan sesudah adanya trem nilainya rata-rata diatas 0,75 dan setelah dilakukan manajemen lalu lintas nilainya DS<0,75 sedangkan untuk manajemen u-turn diperlukan rambu lampu lalu lintas menggunakan detector agar tidak terjadi konflik dengan trem dengan indikator nilai waktu tunggu serta headway trem.

  3. The Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) for the AIDA Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stickle, Angela; Cheng, Andy F.; Michel, Patrick; Barnouin, Olivier S.; Campo Bagatin, Adriano; Miller, Paul L.; Pravec, Petr; Richardson, Derek C.; Schwartz, Stephen R.; Tsiganis, Kleomenis; Ulamec, Stephan; AIDA Impact Modeling and Simulation Working Group

    2016-10-01

    The Asteroid Impact Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission will be the first space experiment to demonstrate asteroid impact hazard mitigation using a kinetic impactor. AIDA is a joint ESA-NASA cooperative project, consisting of the NASA Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission, which provides the kinetic impactor, and the ESA Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) rendezvous spacecraft. DART is a Phase A study supported by NASA, and AIM is a Phase B1 study supported by ESA. The AIDA target is the near-Earth binary asteroid 65803 Didymos, which will make a close approach to Earth in October, 2022. The DART spacecraft is designed to impact the Didymos secondary at ~6 km/s and deflect its trajectory, changing the orbital period of the binary. This change can be measured by Earth-based optical and radar observations. The primary goals of AIDA are to (1) perform a full-scale demonstration of asteroid deflection by kinetic impact; (2) measure the resulting deflection; and (3) validate and improve models for momentum transfer in high-speed impacts on an asteroid. The combined DART and AIM missions will provide the first measurements of momentum transfer efficiency from a kinetic impact at full scale on an asteroid, where the impact conditions of the projectile are known, and physical properties and internal structures of the target asteroid are also characterized. In addition to a predicted 4.4 minute change in the binary orbit period, assuming unit momentum transfer efficiency, the DART kinetic impact is predicted to induce forced librations of the Didymos secondary of possibly several degrees amplitude. Models predict the impact will create a 6-17 meter diameter crater, depending on target physical properties, and it will release a volume of particulate ejecta that may be directly observable from Earth or even resolvable as a coma or an ejecta tail by ground-based telescopes. Current simulations of the DART impact provide predictions for momentum transfer, crater size, and

  4. Relectura desde una crítica feminista de Isidora Aguirre: dramaturga chilena perenne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara deI Carmen Rojo de la Rosa

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute as características apresentadas na escrita de Isidora Aguirre, a dramaturga mais constante e perene do teatro chileno. Partindo de sua enunciação analisam-se os códigos semióticos de seus textos, as metodologias escolhidas e o sujeito genérico de sua fala. Estuda-se sua dramaturgia observando as causas da sua sobrevida aos contextos e regimes diferentes, produzida no interior de um sistema literário patriarcal que sistemáticamente estabeleceu o cânon através da apropriação masculina da palavra.

  5. La polémica a Liévano Aguirre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Hanssen

    1969-12-01

    Full Text Available Se cumplen seis años de la aparición de Los grandes conflictos socio-económicos de nuestra historia escritos por Indalecio Liévano Aguirre. Y a pesar de ser esta la primera parte de una obra más ambiciosa, según las pretensiones expresas del historiador, esa concepción sobre nuestro "ser histórico" prevista por la llamada "historia oficial" no es la misma desde entonces y ha cambiado radicalmente para siempre gracias a la discutida y discutible obra.

  6. Geostability of Didymos, the target of the AIDA mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yun; Richardson, Derek C.; Barnouin, Olivier; Maurel, Clara; Michel, Patrick; Schwartz, Stephen R.; Ballouz, Ronald; Benner, Lance A. M.; Naidu, Shantanu P.

    2016-10-01

    As the target of the proposed Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission [1, 2], the near-Earth binary asteroid 65803 Didymos represents a special class of binary asteroid, those whose primaries are at risk of rotational disruption [3]. To support the AIDA mission and gain a better understanding of these binary systems, we investigate the structural stability and dynamic behavior of the Didymos primary and the orbital stability of the secondary using a Soft-Sphere Discrete Element Method (SSDEM) [4]. The primary and the secondary are modeled as granular assemblies. In the first step of this study, the primary is artificially spun up to the current spin period of 2.26 h using a quasi-static spin-up procedure without considering the secondary [5]. The effects of arrangement and size distribution of constituent particles, bulk density, spin-up path, interparticle friction, and cohesion strength on the dynamic behavior of self-gravitating aggregates are numerically explored. The results show that the strength and stability of a spinning self-gravitating aggregate depend strongly on its internal configuration and material parameters, while its failure mode and mechanism are affected by its internal configuration and the cohesion strength. When cohesion is not included, the Didymos primary rubble-pile model can maintain its shape at the current observed spin rate within the uncertainty of the observed bulk density (Schwartz et al. 2012, Granul. Matter 14, 363; [5] Zhang et al. 2016, in preparation.

  7. AIDA-1 Moves out of the Postsynaptic Density Core under Excitatory Conditions.

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    Ayse Dosemeci

    Full Text Available AIDA-1 is highly enriched in postsynaptic density (PSD fractions and is considered a major component of the PSD complex. In the present study, immunogold electron microscopy was applied to determine localization as well as the activity-induced redistribution of AIDA-1 at the PSD using two antibodies that recognize two different epitopes. In cultured rat hippocampal neurons under basal conditions, immunogold label for AIDA-1 is mostly located within the dense core of the PSD, with a median distance of ~30 nm from the postsynaptic membrane. Under excitatory conditions, such as depolarization with high K+ (90 mM, 2 min or application of NMDA (50 μM, 2 min, AIDA-1 label density at the PSD core is reduced to 40% of controls and the median distance of label from the postsynaptic membrane increases to ~55 nm. The effect of excitatory conditions on the postsynaptic distribution of AIDA-1 is reversed within 30 minutes after returning to control conditions. The reversible removal of AIDA-1 from the PSD core under excitatory conditions is similar to the redistribution of another abundant PSD protein, SynGAP. Both SynGAP-alpha1 and AIDA-1 are known to bind PSD-95. Activity-induced transient translocation of these abundant proteins from the PSD core could promote structural flexibility, vacate sites on PSD-95 for the insertion of other components and thus may create a window for synaptic modification.

  8. PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP KEBERADAAN SIGNAGE (Studi Kasus Jalan Tjilik Riwut di Kota Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah)

    OpenAIRE

    Andri Nopemberi; Atiek Suprapti; Bambang Adji Murtomo

    2015-01-01

    Keberadaan signage disatu sisi tidak terlepas dari peran masyarakat sebagai objek konsumsi, selain itu juga seringkali penempatan signage tersebut merambah kawasan ruang publik perkotaan (public space). Dalam perkembangannya, Kota Palangka Raya sudah menggunakan signage di samping menciptakan karakter tertentu pada lingkungan, pemasangan signage juga memberikan masalah tersendiri. Konflik juga terjadi karena adanya perbedaan kepentingan antara public environmental information dan private sign...

  9. ISALE impact simulations in support of AIDA mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oklay, Nilda; Vincent, Jean-Baptiste; Michel, Patrick; Schwartz, Stephen

    2016-07-01

    Introduction: The Asteroid Impact Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission is a joint project of ESA and NASA with two independent spacecraft. ESA's contribution is an observer satellite called Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM, [1]), and NASA's contribution is a projectile called Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART, [2]). The target of the mission is a near-Earth binary asteroid system (65803) Didymos. The aim is to study the possibility of deflecting an asteroid by using a kinetic impactor, as well as to characterize the internal properties of the target and test various relevant technologies for other missions. The design is that the DART would impact the secondary of the binary system and AIM would characterize the target asteroid, observe the impact event and measure the changes in the relative orbit after the impact. Impact modeling will be used to interpret the results of the AIDA impact event. There are numerous impact simulation codes, which are planned to be used to understand the AIDA impact results. Therefore an international benchmarking program is ongoing for the comparison of the results of various codes on the defined test cases [3]. We will present the results of the test cases performed by iSALE hydrocode. Modeling: In this work we use the iSALE-2D shock physics code [4], which is based on the SALE hydrocode solution algorithm [5]. To simulate hypervelocity impact processes in solid materials SALE was modified to include an elastoplastic constitutive model, fragmentation models, various EOS, and multiple materials [6, 7]. More recent improvements include a modified strength model [8] and a porosity compaction model [4, 9]. References: [1] Michel P. et al., 2016, ASR, submitted [2] Cheng A. F. et al., (2016) PSS, 121, 27-35 [3] Stickle A. M. et al., (2016). 47th LPSC [4] Wünnemann,K. et al., (2006). Icarus, 180:514-527 [5] Amsden, A., et al., (1980) LANL Report, LA-8095:101p. [6] Melosh, H. J., et al., (1992). J. Geophys. Res., 97(E9):14735-14759 [7

  10. Are Formative Indicators Superfluous? An Extension of Aguirre-Urreta, Rönkkö, and Marakas Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guyon, Hervé; Tensaout, Mouloud

    2016-01-01

    In this article, the authors extend the results of Aguirre-Urreta, Rönkkö, and Marakas (2016) concerning the omission of a relevant causal indicator by testing the validity of the assumption that causal indicators are entirely superfluous to the measurement model and discuss the implications for measurement theory. Contrary to common wisdom…

  11. Aida-CMK multi-algorithm optimization kernel applied to analog IC sizing

    CERN Document Server

    Lourenço, Ricardo; Horta, Nuno

    2015-01-01

    This work addresses the research and development of an innovative optimization kernel applied to analog integrated circuit (IC) design. Particularly, this works describes the modifications inside the AIDA Framework, an electronic design automation framework fully developed by at the Integrated Circuits Group-LX of the Instituto de Telecomunicações, Lisbon. It focusses on AIDA-CMK, by enhancing AIDA-C, which is the circuit optimizer component of AIDA, with a new multi-objective multi-constraint optimization module that constructs a base for multiple algorithm implementations. The proposed solution implements three approaches to multi-objective multi-constraint optimization, namely, an evolutionary approach with NSGAII, a swarm intelligence approach with MOPSO and stochastic hill climbing approach with MOSA. Moreover, the implemented structure allows the easy hybridization between kernels transforming the previous simple NSGAII optimization module into a more evolved and versatile module supporting multiple s...

  12. Pärimusmuusika aidas läheb suuremaks peoks / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Kontsertidest Viljandi pärimusmuusika aidas (6. sept. ansambel Paabel, Kulno Malva ja DJ Harlet, 13. sept. Anu Taul, 16. sept. Fernando Stern & Ethno in TRansit, 19. sept. Rütmiallikal + maailmamuusikapidu DJ Daysleeperiga)

  13. An EUDET/AIDA Pixel Beam Telescope for Detector Development

    CERN Document Server

    Rubinskiy, I

    2015-01-01

    Ahigh resolution(σ< 2 μm) beam telescope based on monolithic active pixel sensors (MAPS) was developed within the EUDET collaboration. EUDET was a coordinated detector R&D programme for the future International Linear Collider providing test beam infrastructure to detector R&D groups. The telescope consists of six sensor planes with a pixel pitch of either 18.4 μm or 10 μmand canbe operated insidea solenoidal magnetic fieldofupto1.2T.Ageneral purpose cooling, positioning, data acquisition (DAQ) and offine data analysis tools are available for the users. The excellent resolution, readout rate andDAQintegration capabilities made the telescopea primary beam tests tool also for several CERN based experiments. In this report the performance of the final telescope is presented. The plans for an even more flexible telescope with three differentpixel technologies(ATLASPixel, Mimosa,Timepix) withinthenew European detector infrastructure project AIDA are presented.

  14. Results on 3D interconnection from AIDA WP3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moser, Hans-Günther, E-mail: hgm@hll.mpg.de

    2016-09-21

    From 2010 to 2014 the EU funded AIDA project established in one of its work packages (WP3) a network of groups working collaboratively on advanced 3D integration of electronic circuits and semiconductor sensors for applications in particle physics. The main motivation came from the severe requirements on pixel detectors for tracking and vertexing at future Particle Physics experiments at LHC, super-B factories and linear colliders. To go beyond the state-of-the-art, the main issues were studying low mass, high bandwidth applications, with radiation hardness capabilities, with low power consumption, offering complex functionality, with small pixel size and without dead regions. The interfaces and interconnects of sensors to electronic readout integrated circuits are a key challenge for new detector applications.

  15. Results on 3D interconnection from AIDA WP3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moser, Hans-Günther

    2016-09-01

    From 2010 to 2014 the EU funded AIDA project established in one of its work packages (WP3) a network of groups working collaboratively on advanced 3D integration of electronic circuits and semiconductor sensors for applications in particle physics. The main motivation came from the severe requirements on pixel detectors for tracking and vertexing at future Particle Physics experiments at LHC, super-B factories and linear colliders. To go beyond the state-of-the-art, the main issues were studying low mass, high bandwidth applications, with radiation hardness capabilities, with low power consumption, offering complex functionality, with small pixel size and without dead regions. The interfaces and interconnects of sensors to electronic readout integrated circuits are a key challenge for new detector applications.

  16. The Double Asteroid Redirection Test in the AIDA Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Andrew; Reed, Cheryl; Rivkin, Andrew

    2016-07-01

    The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission will be the first space experiment to demonstrate asteroid impact hazard mitigation by using a kinetic impactor. AIDA is a joint ESA-NASA cooperative project, consisting of the ESA Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) rendezvous mission and the NASA Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission. The AIDA target is the near-Earth binary asteroid 65803 Didymos, which will make an unusually close approach to Earth in October, 2022. The DART spacecraft is designed to impact the Didymos secondary at 7 km/s and demonstrate the ability to modify its trajectory through momentum transfer. DART and AIM are currently Phase A studies supported by NASA and ESA respectively. The primary goals of AIDA are (1) perform a full-scale demonstration of the spacecraft kinetic impact technique for deflection of an asteroid; (2) measure the resulting asteroid deflection, by targeting the secondary member of a binary NEO and measuring the resulting changes of the binary orbit; and (3) study hyper-velocity collision effects on an asteroid, validating models for momentum transfer in asteroid impacts based on measured physical properties of the asteroid surface and sub-surface, and including long-term dynamics of impact ejecta. The primary DART objectives are to demonstrate a hyper-velocity impact on the Didymos moon and to determine the resulting deflection from ground-based observations. The DART impact on the Didymos secondary will change the orbital period of the binary which can be measured by supporting Earth-based optical and radar observations. The baseline DART mission launches in December, 2020 to impact the Didymos secondary in September,2022. There are multiple launch opportunities for DART leading to impact around the 2022 Didymos close approach to Earth. The AIM spacecraft will be launched in Dec. 2020 and arrive at Didymos in spring, 2022, several months before the DART impact. AIM will characterize the Didymos binary system

  17. The Double Asteroid Redirection Test in the AIDA Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Andrew; Rivkin, Andrew; Michel, Patrick

    2016-04-01

    The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission will be the first space experiment to demonstrate asteroid impact hazard mitigation by using a kinetic impactor. AIDA is a joint ESA-NASA cooperative project, that includes the ESA Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) rendezvous mission and the NASA Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission. The AIDA target is the near-Earth binary asteroid 65803 Didymos, which will make an unusually close approach to Earth in October, 2022. The ~300-kg DART spacecraft is designed to impact the Didymos secondary at 7 km/s and demonstrate the ability to modify its trajectory through momentum transfer. DART and AIM are currently Phase A studies supported by NASA and ESA respectively. The primary goals of AIDA are (1) perform a full-scale demonstration of the spacecraft kinetic impact technique for deflection of an asteroid, by targeting an object larger than ~100 m and large enough to qualify as a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid; (2) measure the resulting asteroid deflection, by targeting the secondary member of a binary NEO and measuring the period change of the binary orbit; (3) understand the hyper-velocity collision effects on an asteroid, including the long-term dynamics of impact ejecta; and validate models for momentum transfer in asteroid impacts, based on measured physical properties of the asteroid surface and sub-surface. The primary DART objectives are to demonstrate a hyper-velocity impact on the Didymos moon and to determine the resulting deflection from ground-based observatories. The DART impact on the Didymos secondary will cause a measurable change in the orbital period of the binary. Supporting Earth-based optical and radar observations and numerical simulation studies are an integral part of the DART mission. The baseline DART mission launches in December, 2020 to impact the Didymos secondary in September, 2022. There are multiple launch opportunities for DART leading to impact around the 2022 Didymos close

  18. Pengaruh Nilai Pelanggan Terhadap Loyalitas Konsumen PT. Family Raya Ceria Sejati Melalui Kepuasan Konsumen sebagai Variabel Mediasi

    OpenAIRE

    Jannah, Mareza Sutan Ahli

    2017-01-01

    Costumer loyalty is the key to success in running a business, a measure that can be relied upon to predict the development of the company from time to time. Costumer loyalty is affected by the customer satisfaction with achievement of Customer Value. This research aims to determine: (1) Effect of Customer Value on Customer Satisfaction of PT. Family Raya Ceria Sejati, (2) Effect of Costumer Value on Costumer Loyalty of PT. Family Raya Ceria Sejati directly, (3) Effect of Costumer Satisfaction...

  19. The advances in the study of aidA-aah gene and the encoded glycosylated adhesion AIDA-I%aidA-aah基因及其编码的糖基化黏附素AIDA-I的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静; 姜中其

    2012-01-01

    AIDA-I (adhesin involved in diffuse adherence ) is a nonfimbrial, 100 kDa bacterial surface protein first identi -fied from the human DAEC (diffusely adhering E. coli) isolate 2787 and later from porcine ETEC strains associated with ED -PWD . Two genes (aidA and aah) direct AIDA-I production and the adherence of DAEC depends on AIDA-I, F1845 and other adhesins . Regarding AIDA-I, great progresses have been achieved since its first isolation in 1989 . This minireview mainly focuses on its structure , function , receptor and the pathogenesis . The role of adherence of DAEC strain depends on AIDA-I (adhe-sin involved in diffuse adherence), F1845 and other adhesins. From AIDA-I first isolated in 1989 to date , there has been a lot of researches about the ADIA-I. The review will discussed structure , function, receptor and the pathogenesis of AIDA-I.%AIDA-I(adhesin involved in diffuse adherence) 是一个非粘附素细菌表面蛋白,分子量为100KDa, 先是在人体DAEC菌株2787分离鉴定,后来也发现在引起猪水肿病及断奶腹泻的产肠毒素大肠杆菌中存在.扩散粘附性大肠杆菌(DAEC)属于致腹泻的大肠杆菌,粘附作用的发挥主要依靠AIDA-I、F1845以及其他的粘附素,从1989年AIDA-I首次成功分离至今,有关ADIA-I的研究取得很大进展,本文从AIDA-I的结构、功能、受体以及致病机理方面对其概述.

  20. Ramón Sender: La aventura equinoccial de Lope de Aguirre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard F. Allen

    1966-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta narración histórica de hechos memorables, sacados de los archivos españoles del siglo XVI, presenta un documento auténtico de la sublevación de un puñado de españoles aventureros que en busca de riquezas se habían en listado en la expedición a El Dorado, pero que debido a las circunstancias que se desarrollaron, se encontraron en medio de una sublevación dirigida por el viejo aventurero español, Lope de Aguirre. Este, audaz y obsesionado por su ambición de poder, honor y riquezas, quería independizarse del rey don Felipe II y conquistar las tierras del Perú para sí mismo y sus hombres leales.

  1. IMPLEMENTASI TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE DI DEPARTEMEN NON JAHIT PT. KERTA RAJASA RAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald E. Stok

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The effectivity improvement of production facility in factory is not only on facility manitenance but also on human resources. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM gives an optimal solution to effectivity improvement. A case study of TPM implementation have done in non sewing department of PT Kerta Rajasa Raya. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Peningkatan efektivitas dari fasilitas produksi di suatu perusahaan bukan hanya terbatas pada perawatan fasilitas kerja saja tetapi juga sumber daya manusia. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM memberikan suatu solusi optimal terhadap peningkatan efektivitas dengan melibatkan semua sumber daya manusia yang bertanggung jawab terhadap fasilitas produksi. Suatu studi kasus terhadap pengimplementasian TPM dilakukan di departemen non jahit PT. Kerta Rajasa Raya. Kata kunci : TPM, MTTF, Autonomous Maintenance.

  2. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    OpenAIRE

    W.Wilopo; R.Resili; D.P.E. Putra

    2013-01-01

    There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our dat...

  3. Paleoenvironmental interpretation using fossil record: San Juan Raya Formation, Zapotitlán basin, Puebla, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The San Juan Raya Formation is world-wide recognized because of the high diversity and abundance of fossils. In this study nine biofacies, three ichnofacies and ten lithofacies were recognized and interpreted on the basis of the influence of several environmental factors such as water depth change, sedimentation rate, water salinity and substrate consistency. Among these factors, salinity variations were apparently crucial for developing and replacement of the different biofacies. Most of bio...

  4. O imaginário feminino nas obras de Griselda Gambaro, Isidora Aguirre e Maria Adelaide Amaral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Antônio Alexandre

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available O propósito deste artigo é fazer uma análise comparativa das obras dramáticas de Griselda Gambaro – La Malasangre, Isidora Aguirre - Los Papeleros, e Maria Adelaide Amaral – Intensa Magia; enfatizado o papel das figuras femininas, nas obras, e a relação social, política e cultural que estas desempenham junto à nossa sociedade.El propósito de este artículo es hacer un análisis comparativo de las obras dramáticas de Griselda Gambaro – La Malasangre, Isidora Aguirre – Las Papeleros y Maria Adelaide Amaral – Intensa Magia, dando énfasis al papel de las figuras femeninas, en las obras, y la relación social, política y cultural que éstas desempeñan en nuestra sociedad.

  5. An EUDET/AIDA Pixel Beam Telescope for Detector Development

    CERN Document Server

    Rubinskiy, I

    2015-01-01

    A high resolution (σ∼2μm) beam telescope based on monolithic active pixel sensors (MAPS) was developed within the EUDET collaboration. The telescope consists of six monolithic active pixel sensor planes (Mimosa26) with a pixel pitch of 18.4 \\mu m and thinned down to 50 \\mu m. The excellent resolution, readout rate and DAQ integration capabilities made the telescope a primary test beam tool for many groups including several CERN based experiments. Within the European detector infrastructure project AIDA the test beam telescope is being further extended in terms of cooling and powering infrastructure, read-out speed, area of acceptance, and precision. In order to provide a system optimized for the different requirements by the user community a combination of various state-of-the-art pixel technologies is foreseen. Furthermore, new central dead-time-free trigger logic unit (TLU) has been developed to provide LHC-speed response with one-trigger-per-particle operating mode and a synchronous clock for all conn...

  6. Dynamic Interactive Educational Diabetes Simulations Using the World Wide Web: An Experience of More Than 15 Years with AIDA Online.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Eldon D; Dewolf, Dennis K; Novotny, Christopher A; Reed, Karen; Gotwals, Robert R

    2014-01-01

    Background. AIDA is a widely available downloadable educational simulator of glucose-insulin interaction in diabetes. Methods. A web-based version of AIDA was developed that utilises a server-based architecture with HTML FORM commands to submit numerical data from a web-browser client to a remote web server. AIDA online, located on a remote server, passes the received data through Perl scripts which interactively produce 24 hr insulin and glucose simulations. Results. AIDA online allows users to modify the insulin regimen and diet of 40 different prestored "virtual diabetic patients" on the internet or create new "patients" with user-generated regimens. Multiple simulations can be run, with graphical results viewed via a standard web-browser window. To date, over 637,500 diabetes simulations have been run at AIDA online, from all over the world. Conclusions. AIDA online's functionality is similar to the downloadable AIDA program, but the mode of implementation and usage is different. An advantage to utilising a server-based application is the flexibility that can be offered. New modules can be added quickly to the online simulator. This has facilitated the development of refinements to AIDA online, which have instantaneously become available around the world, with no further local downloads or installations being required.

  7. Dynamic Interactive Educational Diabetes Simulations Using the World Wide Web: An Experience of More Than 15 Years with AIDA Online

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eldon D. Lehmann

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. AIDA is a widely available downloadable educational simulator of glucose-insulin interaction in diabetes. Methods. A web-based version of AIDA was developed that utilises a server-based architecture with HTML FORM commands to submit numerical data from a web-browser client to a remote web server. AIDA online, located on a remote server, passes the received data through Perl scripts which interactively produce 24 hr insulin and glucose simulations. Results. AIDA online allows users to modify the insulin regimen and diet of 40 different prestored “virtual diabetic patients” on the internet or create new “patients” with user-generated regimens. Multiple simulations can be run, with graphical results viewed via a standard web-browser window. To date, over 637,500 diabetes simulations have been run at AIDA online, from all over the world. Conclusions. AIDA online’s functionality is similar to the downloadable AIDA program, but the mode of implementation and usage is different. An advantage to utilising a server-based application is the flexibility that can be offered. New modules can be added quickly to the online simulator. This has facilitated the development of refinements to AIDA online, which have instantaneously become available around the world, with no further local downloads or installations being required.

  8. Solution structure and peptide binding of the PTB domain from the AIDA1 postsynaptic signaling scaffolding protein.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina Smirnova

    Full Text Available AIDA1 links persistent chemical signaling events occurring at the neuronal synapse with global changes in gene expression. Consistent with its role as a scaffolding protein, AIDA1 is composed of several protein-protein interaction domains. Here we report the NMR structure of the carboxy terminally located phosphotyrosine binding domain (PTB that is common to all AIDA1 splice variants. A comprehensive survey of peptides identified a consensus sequence around an NxxY motif that is shared by a number of related neuronal signaling proteins. Using peptide arrays and fluorescence based assays, we determined that the AIDA1 PTB domain binds amyloid protein precursor (APP in a similar manner to the X11/Mint PTB domain, albeit at reduced affinity (∼10 µM that may allow AIDA1 to effectively sample APP, as well as other protein partners in a variety of cellular contexts.

  9. Aida and Her Mainstream Classroom: A Case Study of a Young English Language Learner's Literacy Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Yudi Cahyono

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reports a nine-month study of literacy development of Aida, a young English language learner from Indonesia, who was mainstreamed in a Grade 2 classroom in a primary school in the south-eastern part of Australia. This article initially reviews the literature concerning features of the mainstream classroom conducive for second language learning and for literacy development. Following the presentation of methodological issues, it examines English learning activities in Aida's classroom and highlights her literacy development with examples of her work. The results from this study show that Aida developed literacy skills considered important for her second language and learning development. The variety of English learning activities and the encouraging environment in her classroom contributed much to her literacy development.

  10. Doctor Alfredo Méndez Aguirre. Renowned doctor of Cienfuegos medical history in the twentieth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo José Pino Blanco

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Doctor Alfredo Méndez Aguirre was an outstanding medical and social personality in Cienfuegos during the first third of the xx century. The most significant aspects about his life and studies of Medicine are highlighted, as well as the postgraduate courses that he received later in France. Analyzed through different scenarios where he acted as an eminent surgeon, we refer to his contribution to the spreading of abdominal, prostatic and gynecological surgery in Cienfuegos, besides other innovations of high importance for the Cuban Medicine at that time. It is described his brilliant performance as director of the Hospital Civil and the Sanatorio Purísima Concepción de la Colonia Española, enhancing all the transformations, improvements, amplifications and openings of new services carried out in both centers under his guidance and supervision. all the recognitions received for different institutions and people in general were mentioned too, for his fruitful work and, particularly, for their performance during the epidemic of Influenza of 1918, that deserved him the title of exemplary citizen.

  11. Geohydrology of the Aguirre and Pozo Hondo areas, southern Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, R.P.

    1992-01-01

    The subsurface geology of the Aguirre and Pozo Hondo areas in southern Puerto Rico is primarily a fractured igneous volcanic rock (andesite) with three distinct zones: regolith, transition zone, and bedrock. Alluvial deposits are present, locally in each area, as well as weathered low- grade metamorphosed volcanics with a schistose texture and a vertical plane of foliation. A thin, water-table aquifer exists in the study areas. Ground water in this aquifer occurs primarily in the regolith and transition zone. The depth to the water table ranges from less than 1 foot to 75 feet below land surface. Ground- water flow out of the study areas is to the south into the southern coastal plain. The results of 2 multiple-well aquifer tests and 21 single-well slug injection and removal tests indicate that transmissivities range from 175 to 5,700 feet squared per day; hydraulic conductivities, from 0.02 to 160 feet per day; and storage coefficients from 0.02 to 0.2. The ground water in the study areas is of the calcium carbonate type. With the exception of dissolved solids, which were as much as 1,110 milligrams per liter, concentrations of common constituents in ground water did not exceed the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's drinking water criteria.

  12. LOS MARAÑONES Y LA POLÉMICA DE LA CONQUISTA: RETÓRICA E IDEAS POLÍTICAS EN LA CARTA DE LOPE DE AGUIRRE A FELIPE II The marañones and the Polemics of Conquest: Rhetoric and Political ideas in Lope de Aguirre´s letter to Philip II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julián Díez Torres

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El conquistador español de origen vascongado, Lope de Aguirre, redactó en Venezuela (1561 varias cartas dirigidas a Coronay a sus representantes venezolanos. La más importante de ellas fue la enviada al monarca Felipe II. En ella, Aguirre adoptó un peculiar tono burlón y profético, y mezcló ideas jurídicas y teológicas relacionadas con la posesión de América. A diferencia de la imagen de Aguirre como personaje irracional divulgada en la documentación y la historiografía de la época, este trabajo descubre la lógica subyacente en su carta al monarca destinada a defender la posición política de Aguirre.During the summer of inVenezuela, the rebel Lope de Aguirre wrote several letters addressed to his political enemies on both sides of the Atlantic. The most important of these documents was the letter sent to Philip II, king of Spain. In this letter, Aguirre incorporated legal terminology while simultaneously adopting a burlesque and prophetic tone to effectively address the Spanish possession of America. Contrary to the predominant image of Aguirre as an irrational being in the documents and the historiography of that period, this paper shows the rhetorical logic of Aguirre´s famous letter. Therefore, the letter is best understood as an attempt to justify a political position.

  13. The A.I.D.A. Plan and the Writing of Sales Letters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jong, Rowena

    A study based on textual analysis of sales letters is reported that evaluates the Attention, Interest, Desire, and Action (AIDA) approach to teaching the writing of sales letters. Thirty business letters written by undergraduate business students and executives were analyzed. The forms of cohesion, voice pattern, and information focus of the…

  14. Las rayas del género Psammobatis de la plataforma Argentina: biología y ecología

    OpenAIRE

    Mabragaña, E.

    2007-01-01

    Las rayas (Rajidae)conforman un grupo de peces cartilaginosos de hábitos bentónicos, presentes en casi todos los mares del mundo. En la plataforma continental argentina (PCA)han sido reconocidas 23 especies de rayas pertenecientes a 7 géneros (Atlántico SO). El género Psammobatis Günther, objeto del presente estudio, es endémico de Sudamérica y está compuesto de 8 especies. Dentro de las rayas de la PCA es el que mayores problemas taxonómicos ha tenido debido a su morfología y diversidad. Las...

  15. Analisis Kinerja Supplier Bahan Baku Menggunakan Integrasi Supply Chain Operations Refrence dan Analytic Hierarchy Process PT. Asia Raya Foundry

    OpenAIRE

    Jati, Wahyu Listyo

    2015-01-01

    Persaingan bisnis yang semakin cepat menuntut PT. Asia Raya Foundry sebagai salah satu perusahaan yang bergerak dibidang manufaktur pengecoran logam untuk produksi spare part mesin pabrik perkebunan dan alat berat harus memperhatikan keinginan konsumen terhadap produk. Berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan terdapat keluhan dari pabrik terhadap pasokan bahan baku langsung yang diperoleh dari supplier sehingga menyebabkan adanya keterlambatan dalam penyelesaian produk. Gangguan yang disebabkan ...

  16. Dinosaur Footprints in Lower Cretaceous Beds in San Juan Raya, Southern Mexico and the Paleoenvironmental Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aceves, D.

    2008-12-01

    Dinosaur footprints were traced at San Juan Raya, an important site in Mexico, a world fossil site. This site is found at South-west of the State of Puebla, within the Biosphere Reserve of Tehuacan-Cuitcatlán, to the southwest of the Tehuacan valley. These footprints were recorded by tracing them on transparent paper at Barranca Agua Nueva, at point 18°18.56´N 97°37´W. Using Jacob´s staff a stratigraphic register was generated from 50 m ascending and descending in stratigraphically direction from the bed where footprints were founded. Bivalbes, nerineas, shell fragments, and trigonias were founded in this sequence as well as cross bedding of clays and fine grain sand, some which display ripples. Fifty two footprints were recorded and five different tracks identified, observing two different sizes. The tracks of dinosaur footprints present the common Teropode ichnites. The succession where dinosaur footprints have been found, are interpreted as a peritidal environment. This investigation contributes to an eco-tourism project of San Juan Raya.

  17. La Última Cena y la Ascensión, anverso y reverso de una puerta, atribuidas a Matías de Aguirre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateo Gómez, Isabel

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Discusses a cabinet door to save a custody and paintings of the Last Supper and the Ascension that are painted on it on the sides: these paintings are attributed to Matías Aguirre.

    Se estudia una puerta de armario para guardar una custodia y las pinturas de la Cena y la Ascensión que aparecen pintadas en ella en el anverso y reverso: estas pinturas se atribuyen a Matías de Aguirre.

  18. Developing Entrepreneurship Skills Management of Students at SMK 2 Palangka Raya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iin Nurbudiyani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The study seeks to trace the way of disseminating the skills of entrepreneurship among of the students in school  (SMK Negeri 2 Palangka Raya. This study applied qualitative approach by observation, documentation and  interviews the principle of school, vice principle for curriculum affairs, vice principals for students affairs entrepreneurial education teacher, and unit production managers. The findings show that developing skills of students entrepreneurship has meer the criteria and functions of contemporary management. The ddissemination of  entrepreneuership skills to the students was  done through practical way through a variety of channels, such as units of production practice, in collaboration with the real enterprises such as telecommunication,  pharmacy store, college of management and communication science, bazaar or flea market and other forms of collaboration with the tellecominication office, gra pari, and salon. In practice, disseminiting the entrepreneuership  skills are still faced with many complex challenges such as  human resources who has no progressive spirit of teaching due to the contemporary dynamics issues of business,lack professionalism of teacher in teaching and learning process, the curriculum change,  lack of facilities and infrastucture owned by the school, and the limitation of time in practicing the theories. Abstrak Study ini mengkaji cara menanamkan ketrampilan berwirausaha pada  siswa Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan Negeri  2 Palangka Raya. Studi ini  menerapkan pendekatan kualitatif dengan observasi, dokumentasi, dan wawancara kepala sekolah, wakil kepala sekolah bagian kurikulum, wakil kepala sekolah bagian kesiswaan, guru kewirausahaan, dan pengelola unit produksi. Temuan studi ini menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan ketrampilan berwirausaha siswa telah memenuhi kriteria penerapan fungsi manajemen komtemporer. Diseminasi ketrampilan berwirausaha siswa selain pemahaman teorertik  melalui proses

  19. Identifikasi dan Penentuan Kadar Boraks dalam Lontong yang Dijual di Pasar Raya Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizki Amelia

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKeamanan makanan merupakan salah satu masalah yang harus mendapatkan perhatian terutama di negara berkembang seperti Indonesia, karena bisa berdampak buruk terhadap kesehatan. Penyebabnya adalah masih rendahnya pengetahuan, keterampilan, dan tanggung jawab produsen pangan terhadap mutu dan keamanan makanan terutama pada industri kecil atau industri rumah tangga. Hal ini menyebabkan produsen sering menambahkan bahan kimia ke dalam produk makanan, salah satunya boraks. Konsumsi boraks dapat menyebabkan mual, muntah, kanker bahkan kematian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan identifikasi dan penentuan kadar boraks pada lontong yang dijual di Pasar Raya Padang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif yang dilakukan di Laboratorium FMIPA Universitas Andalas Padang dari bulan Januari sampai bulan Desember 2013. Identifikasi dan penentuan kadar boraks dilakukan terhadap 10 sampel lontong yang diambil secara random. Metoda yang digunakan adalah metoda titrasi dan menggunakan larutan standar NaOH. Hasil penelitian yang dilakukan terhadap 10 sampel, didapatkan tidak ada satupun sampel lontong yang mengandung boraks.Kata kunci: boraks, lontong, titrasiAbstractThe food safety is one of problems that should get attention, especially in developing countries like Indonesia, because it can gives a negative impact for health. The cause is lack of knowledge, skill, and responsibility for the quality and safety of food, especially in small industries or home industry. It causes producers often add chemicals to food products, one of which borax. Consumption of borax can cause nausea, vomiting, cancer and even death. This research was to identify and determination of borax in lontong which sold at Pasar Raya Padang. This was a descriptive study at The Chemistry Laboratory, Andalas University Padang from January to December 2013. The identification and determination of borax on 10 samples of lontong taken by random. The method used is titration

  20. Morfologia externa do adulto de Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Arsenurinae, Almeidaiini. III. Abdome External morphology of Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Arsenurinae, Almeidaiini. III. Abdome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amabílio J. A. de Camargo

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available A morfologia externa do abdome do adulto de Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande, 1981 é descrita e ilustrada pela primeira vez. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados com outras espécies de Saturniidae. É uma espécie rara e endêmica da região do Cerrado. Estudos sobre sua biologia foram publicados pelo quarto autor. Esta é a terceira contribuição sobre a morfologia da espécie tendo sido as anteriores sobre a cabeça e o tórax.The external morphology of adult abdome of Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande, 1981 is described and illustrated for the first time. The results obtained were compared with others species of Saturniidae. This species is rare and endemic of the Cerrado region. Biological studies were published by the fourth author. This is the third of a series of papers about the species, the previous two were about head and thorax morphology.

  1. Incorporating a Generic Model of Subcutaneous Insulin Absorption into the AIDA v4 Diabetes Simulator 3. Early Plasma Insulin Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Eldon D.; Tarín, Cristina; Bondia, Jorge; Teufel, Edgar; Deutsch, Tibor

    2009-01-01

    Introduction AIDA is an interactive educational diabetes simulator that has been available without charge via the Internet for over 12 years. Recent articles have described the incorporation of a novel generic model of insulin absorption into AIDA as a way of enhancing its capabilities. The basic model components to be integrated have been overviewed, with the aim being to provide simulations of regimens utilizing insulin analogues, as well as insulin doses greater than 40 IU (the current upper limit within the latest release of AIDA [v4.3a]). Some preliminary calculated insulin absorption results have also recently been described. Methods This article presents the first simulated plasma insulin profiles from the integration of the generic subcutaneous insulin absorption model, and the currently implemented model in AIDA for insulin disposition. Insulin absorption has been described by the physiologically based model of Tarín and colleagues. A single compartment modeling approach has been used to specify how absorbed insulin is distributed in, and eliminated from, the human body. To enable a numerical solution of the absorption model, a spherical subcutaneous depot for the injected insulin dose has been assumed and spatially discretized into shell compartments with homogeneous concentrations, having as its center the injection site. The number of these compartments will depend on the dose and type of insulin. Insulin inflow arises as the sum of contributions to the different shells. For this report the first bench testing of plasma insulin determinations has been done. Results Simulated plasma insulin profiles are provided for currently available insulin preparations, including a rapidly acting insulin analogue (e.g., lispro/Humalog or aspart/Novolog), a short-acting (regular) insulin preparation (e.g., Actrapid), intermediate-acting insulins (both Semilente and neutral protamine Hagedorn types), and a very long-acting insulin analogue (e.g., glargine/Lantus), as

  2. PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP KEBERADAAN SIGNAGE (Studi Kasus Jalan Tjilik Riwut di Kota Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Nopemberi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan signage disatu sisi tidak terlepas dari peran masyarakat sebagai objek konsumsi, selain itu juga seringkali penempatan signage tersebut merambah kawasan ruang publik perkotaan (public space. Dalam perkembangannya, Kota Palangka Raya sudah menggunakan signage di samping menciptakan karakter tertentu pada lingkungan, pemasangan signage juga memberikan masalah tersendiri. Konflik juga terjadi karena adanya perbedaan kepentingan antara public environmental information dan private sign. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana persepsi masyarakat dari publik maupun penyedia jasa reklame serta mengetahui peran pemerintah dalam pengaturan signage. Untuk menganalisis persepsi masyarakat metode yang digunakan menggunakan metode kuantitatif rasionalistik. Metode tersebut dilakukan melalui kegiatan wawancara yang mendalam (In depth interview. Hasil Analisis menunjukan bahwa terdapat pengaruh keberadaan signage terhadap persepsi masyarkat pada koridor Jalan Tjilik Riwut. Hasil dari analisa peta mental diketahui bahwa keberadaan signage pada Jalan Tjilik Riwut ini timbul akibat persaingan antar penyedia barang dan jasa tanpa lagi memperhatikan keindahan dan keefektifan dari signage tersebut, serta tidak adanya peraturan pemerintah dalam menata jenis signage dan pemerintah Kota Palangka Raya tidak mempunyai master plan/grand design. Maka pemasangan signage belum memenuhi kriteria keindahan dan keefektifan Kota Palangka Raya sehingga mengakibatkan kekaburan informasi yang disampaikan serta signage di Jalan Tjilik Riwut.[Public Perception of the Existence of Signage (Case Study: Tjilik Riwut Road in Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan] The presence of signage is inseparable from the role of the society of consumers. The placement of signage often penetrates urban public areas (public spaces. During its development, Palangkaraya has been using signage that creates a particular character on the environment. However, the installation of

  3. La Victoria de Pedro Aguirre Cerda: ideas para una renovación urbana sin gentrificación para Santiago./ La Victoria of Pedro Aguirre Cerda: ideas for an urban renewal without gentrification in Santiago.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto López

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El modelo de renovación urbana en altura de Santiago, en expansión hacia áreas populares del pericentro, es una forma de acumulación de renta de suelo, con efectos de desplazamiento social, es decir, gentrificación. Sin embargo, el pericentro de Santiago es un espacio donde coexisten amplias necesidades y capacidades de densificación urbana sin desplazamiento. Tomando como caso de estudio el desarrollo urbano histórico y actual de la población La Victoria, en Pedro Aguirre Cerda (PAC, se plantea una investigación enfocada en dos perspectivas: histórica, definiendo este espacio desde la dialéctica entre movimientos sociales urbanos y producción espacial específica; y normativa, como una propuesta espacial que combina aspectos claves de mejoramiento barrial y densificación inclusiva y autosustentable. Se evidencia de esta forma la alta complejidad espacial del pericentro de Santiago de Chile, así como la existencia de alternativas de renovación residencial pericentral que sean social y políticamente inclusivas y de bajo impacto en términos de expulsión./ The model of high-rise urban renewal sprawls towards Santiago de Chile’s inner city. This model can be understood as a form of gentrification based on considerable accumulation of the rent gap, while its externalities generate social displacement and physical dilapidation. Notwithstanding, Santiago’s inner city is also a lived space where both needs and capacities of urban regeneration (without displacement coexist. Focusing on the case of La Victoria población, located in the southern municipality of Pedro Aguirre Cerda (PAC, this article seeks to address the following two topics: historically, the inner city responds to a dialectic of urban social movements and specific spatial production; normatively, as an ongoing research project shows, it is feasible to combine neighbourhood regeneration, urban density increase, and citizen participation. The article substantiates the

  4. Doctor Alfredo Méndez Aguirre. Renowned doctor of Cienfuegos medical history in the twentieth century Doctor Alfredo Méndez Aguirre. Gloria de la medicina cienfueguera en el siglo XX.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Darío Espinosa Brito

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Doctor Alfredo Méndez Aguirre was an outstanding medical and social personality in Cienfuegos during the first third of the xx century. The most significant aspects about his life and studies of Medicine are highlighted, as well as the postgraduate courses that he received later in France. Analyzed through different scenarios where he acted as an eminent surgeon, we refer to his contribution to the spreading of abdominal, prostatic and gynecological surgery in Cienfuegos, besides other innovations of high importance for the Cuban Medicine at that time. It is described his brilliant performance as director of the Hospital Civil and the Sanatorio Purísima Concepción de la Colonia Española, enhancing all the transformations, improvements, amplifications and openings of new services carried out in both centers under his guidance and supervision. all the recognitions received for different institutions and people in general were mentioned too, for his fruitful work and, particularly, for their performance during the epidemic of Influenza of 1918, that deserved him the title of exemplary citizen.El Dr. Alfredo Méndez Aguirre representó una destacada personalidad médica y social en Cienfuegos en el primer tercio del siglo XX. Se señalan los aspectos más significativos de sus estudios de Medicina en la Universidad de La Habana, así como los cursos de perfeccionamiento que recibió en Francia posteriormente a su graduación. Se analiza su vida profesional a través de los distintos escenarios en donde se desempeñó como cirujano eminente, siendo el que inició en Cienfuegos la Cirugía abdominal, prostática y ginecológica, entre otros aportes e innovaciones de suma importancia para la medicina cienfueguera de aquellos años. Se describe su brillante actuación como Director del Hospital Civil y del Sanatorio Purísima Concepción de la Colonia Española, resaltando todas las transformaciones, mejoras, ampliaciones y aperturas de nuevos

  5. La Minotaura, the Female Minotaur: Aida Toledo’s Version of the Classical Myth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    San Pedro, Teresa Anta

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The poetry of the Guatemalan poet Aida Toledo, from its beginning, breaks away from the masculine and feminine images created and recreated through centuries by the owner of words and power, man. Toledo, as a consequence of her reflections on gender, questions, changes and pulverizes certain qualities considered to be unique and essential in defining each of the sexes. The poet starts with the Greek myths, as she considerers them to be the sacred pillars in building the Western Culture. Aida Toledo, not satisfied with using the sword of extermination against the eternal masculine and feminine values, uses the ashes from that fire as fertilizer to sprout new life, a life that time and space will shape into new beings, new male and female Minotaur.La poesía de la escritora guatemalteca Aída Toledo, desde sus inicios, rompe con las imágenes masculinas y femeninas creadas y recreadas a través de los siglos, por el dueño de la palabra y el poder, el hombre. Toledo, como consecuencia de sus reflexiones de género, cuestiona, pulveriza y cambia ciertas cualidades y mitos considerados únicos y esenciales en la definición de cada uno de los sexos. La poeta empieza con los mitos griegos, por considerarlos sagrados pilares sobre los cuales se construye la cultura occidental. Aida Toledo no se conforma con empuñar la espada de la exterminación contra los eternos valores masculinos y femeninos. Usa las cenizas de dicho fuego como abono para hacer brotar nueva vida, una vida a la que el tiempo y el espacio irán creando y moldeando nuevos seres. Es así como nace su Minotaura, la protagonista femenina que estaba ausente en el mito clásico.

  6. Analisis Highest and Best Use (HBU pada Lahan Jl. Gubeng Raya No. 54 Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akmaluddin Akmaluddin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Laju pertumbuhan penduduk dan tingkat perekonomian yang semakin meningkat di  kota-kota besar seperti Surabaya, bertolak belakang dengan  ketersediaan lahan yang terbatas. Selayaknya properti yang akan dibangun di atas suatu lahan dapat memberikan manfaat yang maksimal serta efisien agar hasilnya dapat dirasakan demi pembangunan wilayah tersebut. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan perhitungan  penggunaan yang paling memungkinkan dan diizinkan dari suatu tanah kosong atau tanah yang  sudah dibangun, dimana secara fisik dimungkinkan, didukung atau dibenarkan oleh peraturan, layak secara keuangan dan menghasilkan nilai tertinggi. Dalam penelitian ini dilakukan analisis Highest and Best Use (HBU pada lahan di Jl. Gubeng Raya No. 54 Surabaya seluas 1.150 m2 yang direncanakan akan dibangun hotel. Lahan tersebut berpotensi untuk dikembangkan menjadi properti komersial seperti hotel, apartemen, perkantoran dan pertokoan. Analisis tersebut menggunakan tinjauan terhadap aspek fisik, legal, finansial dan produktivitas maksimumnya. Dari hasil penelitian ini didapatkan alternatif properti komersial hotel yang memiliki penggunaan tertinggi dan terbaik pada pemanfaatan lahan dengan nilai lahan Rp. 67.069.980,31/ m2.

  7. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

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    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment.

  8. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment

  9. Implementation of configurable FEI4 trigger plane for the AIDA telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Obermann, T; Hügging, F; Krüger, H; Lütticke, F; Marinas, C; Wermes, N

    2014-01-01

    Tracking detectors in particle physics experiments allow a precise reconstruction of particle tracks close to the interaction point and the identification of primary and secondary decay vertices. In order to evaluate the performance of detector prototypes for future particle physics experiments — at hadron colliders (e.g. HL-LHC), flavour factories (e.g. SuperKEKB) or a future lepton collider (e.g. ILC) — under realistic conditions, a fast readout reference device, a telescope, with excellent resolution and modular configuration, is required. The successful development of a telescope with these characteristics was part of the EU-project EUDET, which is continued within the framework of the AIDA activity. One key addition to the telescope within AIDA is the implementation of at least one new reference plane dedicated to provide an adjustable geometry. This plane is realized with a hybrid pixel detector consisting of a sensor bump bonded to the ATLAS pixel readout chip FE-I4. Its masking capability allows t...

  10. AIDA – Seismic data acquisition, processing, storage and distribution at the National Earthquake Center, INGV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Mazza

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available On May 4, 2012, a new system, known as the AIDA (Advanced Information and Data Acquisition system for seismology, became operational as the primary tool to monitor, analyze, store and distribute seismograms from the Italian National Seismic Network. Only 16 days later, on May 20, 2012, northern Italy was struck by a Ml 5.9 earthquake that caused seven casualties. This was followed by numerous small to moderate earthquakes, with some over Ml 5. Then, on May 29, 2012, a Ml 5.8 earthquake resulted in 17 more victims and left about 14,000 people homeless. This sequence produced more than 2,100 events over 40 days, and it was still active at the end of June 2012, with minor earthquakes at a rate of about 20 events per day. The new AIDA data management system was designed and implemented, among other things, to exploit the recent huge upgrade of the Italian Seismic Network (in terms of the number and quality of stations and to overcome the limitations of the previous system.

  11. AIDA: A 16-channel amplifier ASIC to read out the advanced implantation detector array for experiments in nuclear decay spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Braga, D. [STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Coleman-Smith, P. J. [STFC Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington WA4 4AD (United Kingdom); Davinson, T. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ (United Kingdom); Lazarus, I. H. [STFC Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington WA4 4AD (United Kingdom); Page, R. D. [Dept. of Physics, Univ. of Liverpool, Oliver Lodge Laboratory, Liverpool L69 7ZE (United Kingdom); Thomas, S. [STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

    2011-07-01

    We have designed a read-out ASIC for nuclear decay spectroscopy as part of the AIDA project - the Advanced Implantation Detector Array. AIDA will be installed in experiments at the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in GSI, Darmstadt. The AIDA ASIC will measure the signals when unstable nuclei are implanted into the detector, followed by the much smaller signals when the nuclei subsequently decay. Implant energies can be as high as 20 GeV; decay products need to be measured down to 25 keV within just a few microseconds of the initial implants. The ASIC uses two amplifiers per detector channel, one covering the 20 GeV dynamic range, the other selectable over a 20 MeV or 1 GeV range. The amplifiers are linked together by bypass transistors which are normally switched off. The arrival of a large signal causes saturation of the low-energy amplifier and a fluctuation of the input voltage, which activates the link to the high-energy amplifier. The bypass transistors switch on and the input charge is integrated by the high-energy amplifier. The signal is shaped and stored by a peak-hold, then read out on a multiplexed output. Control logic resets the amplifiers and bypass circuit, allowing the low-energy amplifier to measure the subsequent decay signal. We present simulations and test results, demonstrating the AIDA ASIC operation over a wide range of input signals. (authors)

  12. Tiburones y Rayas de la Formación Tonosí (Eoceno de Panamá

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    Sara Vasquez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente estudio identificamos y describimos restos fósiles de tiburones y rayas de la Formación Tonosí, del Eoceno de Panamá. Este trabajo incluye el primer reporte de Odontaspis sp. y †Cretolamna appendiculata para el país, y registros adicionales de Carcharnifomes y Aetobatus sp. Éstos hallazgos representan el reporte de condrictios más antiguo de Panamá, aportando así al conocimiento de la fauna marina que existió en la región antes del surgimiento del Istmo de Panamá.

  13. APORTES A LA BIOLOGÍA DE TIBURONES Y RAYAS DEMERSALES EN LA REGIÓN NORTE DEL CARIBE COLOMBIANO

    OpenAIRE

    FABIÁN MORENO RODRÍGUEZ; KELLY ACEVEDO URZOLA; JORGE PARAMO

    2008-01-01

    El presente estudio es una contribución al conocimiento biológico de los peces cartilaginosos en la región norte del Caribe colombiano. Los ejemplares examinados se capturaron con una red demersal, se determinó su peso, longitud total y estado de madurez sexual. Adicionalmente se realizó la ubicación espacial de las capturas y la relación con las variables ambientales. Se capturaron un total de 21 individuos, colectando tres especies de rayas, Dasyatis americana, D. guttata y Rhinobatos perce...

  14. The Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission: Science Proximity Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnouin, Olivier; Bellerose, Julie; Carnelli, Ian; Carrol, Kieran; Ciarletti, Valérie; Cheng, Andrew F.; Galvez, Andres; Green, Simon F.; Grieger, Bjorn; Hirabayashi, Masatoshi; Herique, Alain; Kueppers, Michael; Minton, David A.; Mellab, Karim; Michel, Patrick; Rivkin, Andrew S.; Rosenblatt, Pascal; Tortora, Paolo; Ulamec, Stephan; Vincent, Jean-Baptiste; Zannoni, Marco

    2016-10-01

    The moon of the near-Earth binary asteroid 65803 Didymos is the target of the Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission. This mission is a joint effort between NASA and ESA to investigate the effectiveness of a kinetic impactor in deflecting an asteroid. The mission is composed of two components: the NASA-led Double Asteroid Redirect Test (DART) that will impact Didymos' moon (henceforth Didymos B), and the ESA-led Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) that will survey the Didymos system. Both will undertake proximity operations to characterize the physical and dynamical properties of the Didymos system that are of maximum importance in the joint AIDA mission to understand the factors at play when assessing the mometum transfer that follows DART's impact into Didymos B. Using much of ESA's Rosetta experience, the AIM mission will undertake proximity operations both before and after DART's impact. AIM's chracterization includes measuring the precise orbital configuration, masses, internal properties, surface geology and regolith properties of the primary and secondary, using visible and thermal imaging, radar measurements and radio science data. AIM will also release the small MASCOT-2 lander, as well as a suite of a CubeSats to help achieve these objectives. DART proximity observations include two phases of imaging. The first makes use of a suite of long range images that will add light curve data to what will be collected from Earth. These data will refine the orbit period of Didymos B, and provide constraints for modeling the shape of both Didymos A and B. The second phase begins just under an hour before impact when resolved imaging of the Didymos system provides further shape model constraints for the visble parts of both Didymos A and B, some possible constraints on the mass of Didymos B and key geological information of both objects and the impact site. In this presentation, we will summarize the proximity operations undertaken by both DART and AIM

  15. APORTES A LA BIOLOGÍA DE TIBURONES Y RAYAS DEMERSALES EN LA REGIÓN NORTE DEL CARIBE COLOMBIANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FABIÁN MORENO RODRÍGUEZ

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio es una contribución al conocimiento biológico de los peces cartilaginosos en la región norte del Caribe colombiano. Los ejemplares examinados se capturaron con una red demersal, se determinó su peso, longitud total y estado de madurez sexual. Adicionalmente se realizó la ubicación espacial de las capturas y la relación con las variables ambientales. Se capturaron un total de 21 individuos, colectando tres especies de rayas, Dasyatis americana, D. guttata y Rhinobatos percellens, dos de tiburones Mustelus minicanis y Rhizoprionodon porosus, la más común fue D. guttata con 56%, las tallas (longitud total fluctuaron entre los 1.760 - 394 mm en rayas y 595 - 585 mm en tiburones. Se obtuvieron más hembras que machos para todas las especies, con predominio de estados inmaduros y en maduración, solo se registró una hembra grávida de M. minicanis con dos embriones.

  16. APORTES A LA BIOLOGÍA DE TIBURONES Y RAYAS DEMERSALES EN LA REGIÓN NORTE DEL CARIBE COLOMBIANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acevedo Kelly

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio es una contribución al conocimiento biológico de los peces cartilaginosos en la región norte del Caribe colombiano. Los ejemplares examinados se capturaron con una red demersal, se determinó su peso, longitud total y estado de madurez sexual. Adicionalmente se realizó la ubicación espacial de las capturas y la relación con las variables ambientales. Se capturaron un total de 21 individuos, colectando tres especies de rayas, Dasyatis americana, D. guttata y Rhinobatos percellens, dos de tiburones Mustelus minicanis y Rhizoprionodon porosus, la más común fue D. guttata con 56%, las tallas (longitud total fluctuaron entre los 1.760 - 394 mm en rayas y 595 - 585 mm en tiburones. Se obtuvieron más hembras que machos para todas las especies, con predominio de estados inmaduros y en maduración, solo se registró una hembra grávida deM. Minicanis con dos embriones.

  17. [Background and practical use of the assessment of identity development in adolescence (AIDA)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birkhölzer, Marc; Goth, Kirstin; Schrobildgen, Christian; Schmeck, Klaus; Schlüter-Müller, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    A paradigm shift towards early detection and intervention of personality disorders in adolescence to prevent persistent and chronic suffering is currently taking place. Aside further distinct areas of impaired psychosocial integrity, disturbed identity development is seen as one core component of personality disorders. Thus, the detection of early antecedents of impaired identity development is an important step to allow for early intervention. The self-report questionnaire Assessment of Identity Development in Adolescence (AIDA) is a reliable and valid diagnostic instrument to detect disturbed identity development. This questionnaire allows for global assessment of identity and a differentiation in fundamental subdomains as well and distinguishes between identity diffusion on one side and consolidated and stable identity on the other. In clinical practice, it supports the differentiation between severely disturbed identity as the core component of personality disorders and identity crisis or stable identity development that can be found in other mental disorders.

  18. What will it take to close the racial and ethnic health disparities gap? A conversation with Michael E. Bird, Reed Tuckson, and Marilyn Aguirre-Molina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Head, Carmen J; Lathan, Monica J

    2006-07-01

    In the United States, the health of a community is often times determined by poverty and race. As the nation becomes more racially and ethnically diverse, new directives and approaches must be taken to improve health outcomes of minority and underserved communities. Three leading experts in racial and ethnic health share their perspectives regarding where we are and where we need to be in addressing health disparities. Michael E. Bird, MSW, MPH, Reed Tuckson, MPH, and Marilyn Aguirre-Molina, EdD, offer transdisciplinary-focused recommendations that encompass disease prevention, health care, and community mobilization.

  19. CONTRA LA DESPOLITIZACIÓN DE LA MEMORIA. ENTREVISTA CON CARLOS ANTONIO AGUIRRE ROJAS, A PROPÓSITO DE LOS 40 AÑOS DE MAYO DEL 68

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Jaime Correa Ramírez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Con motivo de la celebración de los 40 años de mayo del 68, se realizaron algunas conferencias con invitados internacionales en la Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira. Se aprovecho la visita del historiador mexicano Carlos Antonio Aguirre Rojas, para realizar una entrevista en la que ampliara sus conceptos respecto al significado histórico de Mayo del 68, su pervivencia en los imaginarios de muchos movimientos estudiantiles del presente, y al mismo tiempo, sus diferentes percepciones respecto a la historiografía tradicional y al movimiento zapatista.

  20. Agustín Aguirre López y Manuel García Morente: la arquitectura de un ideal universitario.

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    El domingo 15 de enero de 1933 el Presidente de la República, Niceto Alcalá Zamora, en compañía del Jefe de Gobierno, Manuel Azaña, cuatro ministros y numerosas autoridades, inauguraba el nuevo pabellón de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras en la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid. Este edificio racionalista de Agustín Aguirre acogía una Facultad de grandes intelectuales que, liderada por Manuel García Morente, Decano ejemplar, acometía profundas reformas para colocarse a la vanguardia de la...

  1. Why people download the freeware AIDA v4.3a diabetes software program: a proof-of-concept semi-automated analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Eldon D

    2003-01-01

    AIDA is a diabetes-computing program freely available at www.2aida.org on the Web. The software is intended to serve as an educational support tool and can be used by anyone who has an interest in diabetes, whether they be patients, relatives, health-care professionals, or students. In previous "Diabetes Information Technology & WebWatch" columns various indicators of usage of the AIDA program have been reviewed, and various comments from users of the software have been documented. The purpose of this column is to overview a proof-of-concept semi-automated analysis about why people are downloading the latest version of the AIDA educational diabetes program. AIDA permits the interactive simulation of plasma insulin and blood glucose profiles for teaching, demonstration, self-learning, and research purposes. It has been made freely available, without charge, on the Internet as a noncommercial contribution to continuing diabetes education. Since its launch in 1996 over 300,000 visits have been logged at the main AIDA Website-www.2aida.org-and over 60,000 copies of the AIDA program have been downloaded free-of-charge. This column documents the results of a semi-automated analysis of comments left by Website visitors while they were downloading the AIDA software, before they had a chance to use the program. The Internet-based survey methodology and semi-automated analysis were both found to be robust and reliable. Over a 5-month period (from October 3, 2001 to February 28, 2002) 400 responses were received. During the corresponding period 1,770 actual visits were made to the Website survey page-giving a response rate to this proof-of-concept study of 22.6%. Responses were received from participants in over 54 countries-with nearly half of these (n = 194; 48.5%) originating from the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada; 208 responses (52.0%) were received from patients with diabetes, 50 (12.5%) from doctors, 49 (12.3%) from relatives of patients, with fewer

  2. PRIORITY AND INVESTIGATION OF PROMOTION MIX TOOLS FOR PRODUCTION SECTOR OF THE SPORT INDUSTRY USING AIDA AND BASED ON AHP

    OpenAIRE

    Zahra Amini Roshan; Sardar Mohammadi; Narges Esameili

    2011-01-01

    For the purpose of selection of the appropriate promotion mix for production sector of the sportindustry; 30 marketing managers of companies producing sport productions; responded to theresearcher-designed questionnaire about promotion mix & AIDA model. validity (face &content) has been proved by experts and its reliability as due to the inconsistency ratio ofquestionnaires which is less than (0.1) can be proved. For data analysis AHP method and ExpertChoice 11 software were used. The results...

  3. Evaluasi Penerapan Internal Control dan Pelaksanaan Good Corporate Governance pada PT PLN (Persero Distribusi Jakarta Raya dan Tangerang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iswandi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available PT. PLN (Persero Distribusi Jakarta Raya dan Tangerang have implemented Internal Control and Good Corporate Governance. The research would like to evaluate the implementation of Internal Control accordance with COSOs criteria (Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and KNKGs criteria (Komite Nasional Kebijakan Governance. Based on research found that five components of COSO such as control environment, risk assessment, control activities, information and communication, monitoring have been implemented but unfortunately one of the component such as control activities not yet implemented properly accordance with COSOs criteria. The company also have been imlemented GCG accordance with KNKGs criteria but still need development through internalization GCGs spirit among the employees because some employees still have different perception related to GCG. For example from employee stand point theres no problem receive special gift or receive special payment from customer and have a conflict of interest when deal with public accountant.

  4. Asteroid Impact Deflection and Assessment (AIDA) mission - Properties of Impact Ejecta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Douglas P.; Fahnestock, Eugene G.; Schwartz, Stephen R.; Murdoch, Naomi; Asphaug, Erik; Cheng, Andrew F.; Housen, Kevin R.; Michel, Patrick; Miller, Paul L.; Stickle, Angela; Tancredi, Gonzalo; Vincent, Jean-Baptiste; Wuennemann, Kai; Yu, Yang; AIDA Impact Simulation Working Group

    2016-10-01

    The Asteroid Impact Deflection and Assessment (AIDA) mission is composed of NASA's Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission and ESA's Asteroid Impact Monitor (AIM) rendezvous mission. The DART spacecraft is designed to impact the small satellite of near-Earth asteroid 65803 Didymos in October 2022, while the in-situ AIM spacecraft observes. AIDA's Modeling and Simulation of Impact Outcomes Working Group is tasked with investigating properties of the debris ejected from the impact. The orbital evolution of this ejecta has important implications for observations that the AIM spacecraft will take as well as for the safety of the spacecraft itself. Ejecta properties including particle sizes, bulk densities, and velocities all depend on the poorly-known physical properties of Didymos' moon. The moon's density, internal strength, and especially its porosity have a strong effect on all ejecta properties. Making a range of assumptions, we perform a suite of numerical simulations to determine the fate of the ejected material; we will use simulation predictions to optimize AIM observations and safety. Ultimately, combining AIM's observations of the ejecta with detailed numerical simulations will help constrain key satellite parameters.We use distinct types of numerical tools to explore ejecta properties based on additional target parameters (different forms of friction, cohesion), e.g., the shock physics code iSALE, smoothed particle hydrodynamics codes, and the granular code PKDGRAV. Given the large discrepancy between the 6 km/s impact speed of DART and the moon's 6 cm/s escape speed, a great challenge will be to determine properties of the low-speed ejecta. Very low-speed material relevant to the safety of the AIM spacecraft and its ability to conduct its observations may loft from the crater at late stages of the impact process, or from other locations far from the impact site due to seismic energy propagation. The manner in which seismic waves manifests in

  5. The Observing Working Group for the Asteroid Impact & Delfection Assessment (AIDA) Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osip, David J.; Rivkin, Andrew S.; Pravec, Petr; Moskovitz, Nicholas; Thirouin, Audrey; Scheirich, Peter; Oszkiewicz, Dagmara Anna; Richardson, Derek C.; Polishook, David; Ryan, William; Thomas, Cristina; Busch, Michael W.; Cheng, Andrew F.; Michel, Patrick; AIDA Observing Working Group

    2016-10-01

    The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission is a joint ESA-NASA mission concept currently under study. AIDA has two components: the Double Asteroid Redirect Test (DART) is the US component designed to demonstrate a kinetic impactor, while the Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) spacecraft is on station to do a thorough pre- and post-impact survey of the Didymos system.Members of the DART and AIM Investigation teams have been organized into several joint and independent working groups. While there is overlap in subject matter and membership between the groups, we focus here on the activities of the Observing Working Group.The first work by the group was undertaken during the spring of 2015, before DART entered Phase A. During this period Didymos made an apparition reaching roughly V ~ 20.5 in brightness, and our top priority was constraining which of two very different pole positions for the Didymos system was correct. Several telescopes in the 2-4-m aperture range around the world attempted observations. An observed mutual event allowed the one pole position to be ruled out. Didymos is now thought to be a low-obliquity, retrograde rotator, similar to many other asteroid binary systems and consistent with expectations from a YORP-driven origin for the satellite.We have begun planning for the 2017 apparition, occurring in the first half of the year. Didymos will be ~20% brighter at opposition than the 2015 apparition. Scaling from the successful observations with the 4.3-m Lowell Discovery Channel Telescope indicates that we will need telescopes at least 4 m (or larger, for some of the tasks, or at times longer before or after the opposition) in primary diameter for the advanced characterization in 2017.Currently, we have four goals for this apparition: 1) confirming the preferred retrograde pole position; 2) gathering data to allow BYORP-driven changes in the mutual orbit to potentially be determined by later observations; 3) establishing whether or not the

  6. ASPECT spectral imaging satellite proposal to AIDA/AIM CubeSat payload

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohout, Tomas; Näsilä, Antti; Tikka, Tuomas; Penttilä, Antti; Muinonen, Karri; Kestilä, Antti; Granvik, Mikael; Kallio, Esa

    2016-04-01

    ASPECT (Asteroid Spectral Imaging Mission) is a part of AIDA/AIM project and aims to study the composition of the Didymos binary asteroid and the effects of space weathering and shock metamorphism in order to gain understanding of the formation and evolution of the Solar System. The joint ESA/NASA AIDA (Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment) mission to binary asteroid Didymos consists of AIM (Asteroid Impact Mission, ESA) and DART (Double Asteroid Redirection Test, NASA). DART is targeted to impact Didymos secondary component (Didymoon) and serve as a kinetic impactor to demonstrate deflection of potentially hazardous asteroids. AIM will serve as an observational spacecraft to evaluate the effects of the impact and resulting changes in the Didymos dynamic parameters. The AIM mission will also carry two CubeSat miniaturized satellites, released in Didymoon proximity. This arrangement opens up a possibility for secondary scientific experiments. ASPECT is one of the proposed CubeSat payloads. Whereas Didymos is a space-weathered binary asteroid, the DART impactor is expected to produce a crater and excavate fresh material from the secondary component (Didymoon). Spectral comparison of the mature surface to the freshly exposed material will allow to directly deter-mine space weathering effects. It will be also possible to study spectral shock effects within the impact crater. ASPECT will also demonstrate for the first time the joint spacecraft - CubeSat operations in asteroid proximity and miniature spectral imager operation in deep-space environment. Science objectives: 1. Study of the surface composition of the Didymos system. 2. Photometric observations (and modeling) under varying phase angle and distance. 3. Study of space weathering effects on asteroids (comparison of mature / freshly exposed material). 4. Study of shock effects (spectral properties of crater interior). 5. Observations during the DART impact. Engineering objectives: 1. Demonstration of Cube

  7. The disposition of impact ejecta resulting from the AIDA-DART mission to binary asteroid 65803 Didymos: an independent investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, James E.; O'Brien, David P.

    2016-10-01

    If all goes as planned, in the year 2020 a joint ESA and NASA mission will be launched that will rendezvous with the near-Earth binary asteroid system 65803 Didymos in the fall of 2022. The European component, the Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) spacecraft will arrive first and characterize the system, which consists of a ~800 m diameter primary and a ~160 m diameter secondary, orbiting a common center of mass at a semi-major axis distance of ~1200 m with a orbital period of 11.9 hr. Following system characterization, the AIDA spacecraft will remove to a safe distance while the NASA component, the 300 kg Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft collides with the trailing edge of the secondary body (with respect to the binary's retrograde mutual orbit). Meanwhile, the AIDA spacecraft will conduct observations of this impact and its aftermath, specifically looking for changes made to the primary, the secondary, and their mutual orbit as a result of the DART collision. Of particular interest is the ballistic flight and final disposition of the ejecta produced by the impact cratering process, not just from the standpoint of scientific study, but also from the standpoint of AIDA spacecraft safety.In this study, we investigate a series of hypothetical DART impacts utilizing a semi-empirical, numerical impact ejecta plume model originally developed for the Deep Impact mission and designed specifically with impacts on small bodies in mind. The resulting excavated mass is discretized into 7200 individual tracer particles, each representing a unique combination of speed, mass, and ejected direction. The trajectory of each tracer is computed numerically under the gravitational influence of both primary and secondary, along with the effects of solar radiation pressure. Each tracer is followed until it either impacts a body or escapes the system, whereupon tracking is continued in the heliocentric frame using an N-body integrator. Various impact

  8. Computer-Assisted Classification Patterns in Autoimmune Diagnostics: The AIDA Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amel Benammar Elgaaied

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs are significant biomarkers in the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases in humans, done by mean of Indirect ImmunoFluorescence (IIF method, and performed by analyzing patterns and fluorescence intensity. This paper introduces the AIDA Project (autoimmunity: diagnosis assisted by computer developed in the framework of an Italy-Tunisia cross-border cooperation and its preliminary results. A database of interpreted IIF images is being collected through the exchange of images and double reporting and a Gold Standard database, containing around 1000 double reported images, has been settled. The Gold Standard database is used for optimization of a CAD (Computer Aided Detection solution and for the assessment of its added value, in order to be applied along with an Immunologist as a second Reader in detection of autoantibodies. This CAD system is able to identify on IIF images the fluorescence intensity and the fluorescence pattern. Preliminary results show that CAD, used as second Reader, appeared to perform better than Junior Immunologists and hence may significantly improve their efficacy; compared with two Junior Immunologists, the CAD system showed higher Intensity Accuracy (85,5% versus 66,0% and 66,0%, higher Patterns Accuracy (79,3% versus 48,0% and 66,2%, and higher Mean Class Accuracy (79,4% versus 56,7% and 64.2%.

  9. Computer-Assisted Classification Patterns in Autoimmune Diagnostics: The AIDA Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benammar Elgaaied, Amel; Cascio, Donato; Bruno, Salvatore; Ciaccio, Maria Cristina; Cipolla, Marco; Fauci, Alessandro; Morgante, Rossella; Taormina, Vincenzo; Gorgi, Yousr; Marrakchi Triki, Raja; Ben Ahmed, Melika; Louzir, Hechmi; Yalaoui, Sadok; Imene, Sfar; Issaoui, Yassine; Abidi, Ahmed; Ammar, Myriam; Bedhiafi, Walid; Ben Fraj, Oussama; Bouhaha, Rym; Hamdi, Khouloud; Soumaya, Koudhi; Neili, Bilel; Asma, Gati; Lucchese, Mariano; Catanzaro, Maria; Barbara, Vincenza; Brusca, Ignazio; Fregapane, Maria; Amato, Gaetano; Friscia, Giuseppe; Neila, Trai; Turkia, Souayeh; Youssra, Haouami; Rekik, Raja; Bouokez, Hayet; Vasile Simone, Maria; Fauci, Francesco; Raso, Giuseppe

    2016-01-01

    Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are significant biomarkers in the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases in humans, done by mean of Indirect ImmunoFluorescence (IIF) method, and performed by analyzing patterns and fluorescence intensity. This paper introduces the AIDA Project (autoimmunity: diagnosis assisted by computer) developed in the framework of an Italy-Tunisia cross-border cooperation and its preliminary results. A database of interpreted IIF images is being collected through the exchange of images and double reporting and a Gold Standard database, containing around 1000 double reported images, has been settled. The Gold Standard database is used for optimization of a CAD (Computer Aided Detection) solution and for the assessment of its added value, in order to be applied along with an Immunologist as a second Reader in detection of autoantibodies. This CAD system is able to identify on IIF images the fluorescence intensity and the fluorescence pattern. Preliminary results show that CAD, used as second Reader, appeared to perform better than Junior Immunologists and hence may significantly improve their efficacy; compared with two Junior Immunologists, the CAD system showed higher Intensity Accuracy (85,5% versus 66,0% and 66,0%), higher Patterns Accuracy (79,3% versus 48,0% and 66,2%), and higher Mean Class Accuracy (79,4% versus 56,7% and 64.2%).

  10. A Parallel Controls Software Approach for PEP II: AIDA & Matlab Middle Layer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wittmer, W.; Colocho, W.; White, G.; /SLAC

    2007-11-06

    The controls software in use at PEP II (Stanford Control Program - SCP) had originally been developed in the eighties. It is very successful in routine operation but due to its internal structure it is difficult and time consuming to extend its functionality. This is problematic during machine development and when solving operational issues. Routinely, data has to be exported from the system, analyzed offline, and calculated settings have to be reimported. Since this is a manual process, it is time consuming and error-prone. Setting up automated processes, as is done for MIA (Model Independent Analysis), is also time consuming and specific to each application. Recently, there has been a trend at light sources to use MATLAB as the platform to control accelerators using a 'MATLAB Middle Layer' (MML), and so called channel access (CA) programs to communicate with the low level control system (LLCS). This has proven very successful, especially during machine development time and trouble shooting. A special CA code, named AIDA (Accelerator Independent Data Access), was developed to handle the communication between MATLAB, modern software frameworks, and the SCP. The MML had to be adapted for implementation at PEP II. Colliders differ significantly in their designs compared to light sources, which poses a challenge. PEP II is the first collider at which this implementation is being done. We will report on this effort, which is still ongoing.

  11. Experimental investigation of homogeneous freezing of sulphuric acid particles in the aerosol chamber AIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Möhler

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available The homogeneous freezing of supercooled H2SO4/H2O solution droplets was investigated in the aerosol chamber AIDA (Aerosol Interactions and Dynamics in the Atmosphere of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. 24 freezing experiments were performed at temperatures between 194 and 235 K with aerosol particles in the diameter range 0.05 to 1 µm. Individual experiments started at homogeneous temperatures and ice saturation ratios between 0.85 and 0.95. Cloud cooling rates up to -2.8 K/min were simulated dynamically in the chamber by expansion cooling using a mechanical pump. Depending on the cooling rate and starting temperature, freezing threshold relative humidities were exceeded after expansion time periods between about 1 and 10 min. The onset of ice formation was measured with three independent methods showing good agreement among each other. Ice saturation ratios measured at the onset of ice formation increased from about 1.4 at 231 K to about 1.75 at 189 K. The experimental data set including thermodynamic parameters as well as physical and chemical aerosol analysis provides a good basis for microphysical model applications.

  12. Clave de identificación de las rayas del litoral marítimo de Argentina y Uruguay (Chondrichthyes, Familia Rajidae).

    OpenAIRE

    Cousseau, M.B.; Figueroa, D.E.; Diaz de Astarloa, J.M.

    2000-01-01

    The paper has two parts. The first part comprises and illustrated identification key of the 22 species of the Rajidae Family that authors recognize in the study area. The second part includes a design of the dorsal face, a brief description and a chart distribution given for each species. Given the fact that, with a few exceptions, all species are named skates ('rayas'), common names are suggested by the authors.

  13. Primer registro de la raya manzana, Paratrygon aiereba (Müller & Henle, 1841 (Batoidea: Potamotrygonidae para el río Bita, Orinoquía, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis A Muñoz-Osorio

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available La raya manzana Paratrygon aiereba ha sido confirmada en Colombia para la cuenca del Orinoco en los ríos Meta, Inírida, Tomo, Orinoco y bajo río Arauca. Este estudio la reporta por primera vez para el río Bita, a partir de una hembra grávida capturada en marzo de 2009, incrementando con ello el rango conocido de su distribución en Colombia.

  14. Technical Note: A numerical test-bed for detailed ice nucleation studies in the AIDA cloud simulation chamber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. J. Cotton

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The AIDA (Aerosol Interactions and Dynamics in the Atmosphere aerosol and cloud chamber of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe can be used to test the ice forming ability of aerosols. The AIDA chamber is extensively instrumented including pressure, temperature and humidity sensors, and optical particle counters. Expansion cooling using mechanical pumps leads to ice supersaturation conditions and possible ice formation. In order to describe the evolving chamber conditions during an expansion, a parcel model was modified to account for diabatic heat and moisture interactions with the chamber walls. Model results are shown for a series of expansions where the initial chamber temperature ranged from −20°C to −60°C and which used desert dust as ice forming nuclei. During each expansion, the initial formation of ice particles was clearly observed. For the colder expansions there were two clear ice nucleation episodes. In order to test the ability of the model to represent the changing chamber conditions and to give confidence in the observations of chamber temperature and humidity, and ice particle concentration and mean size, ice particles were simply added as a function of time so as to reproduce the observations of ice crystal concentration. The time interval and chamber conditions over which ice nucleation occurs is therefore accurately known, and enables the model to be used as a test bed for different representations of ice formation.

  15. Blood Glucose Prediction Using Artificial Neural Networks Trained with the AIDA Diabetes Simulator: A Proof-of-Concept Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavin Robertson

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes mellitus is a major, and increasing, global problem. However, it has been shown that, through good management of blood glucose levels (BGLs, the associated and costly complications can be reduced significantly. In this pilot study, Elman recurrent artificial neural networks (ANNs were used to make BGL predictions based on a history of BGLs, meal intake, and insulin injections. Twenty-eight datasets (from a single case scenario were compiled from the freeware mathematical diabetes simulator, AIDA. It was found that the most accurate predictions were made during the nocturnal period of the 24 hour daily cycle. The accuracy of the nocturnal predictions was measured as the root mean square error over five test days (RMSE5 day not used during ANN training. For BGL predictions of up to 1 hour a RMSE5 day of (±SD 0.15±0.04 mmol/L was observed. For BGL predictions up to 10 hours, a RMSE5  day of (±SD 0.14±0.16 mmol/L was observed. Future research will investigate a wider range of AIDA case scenarios, real-patient data, and data relating to other factors influencing BGLs. ANN paradigms based on real-time recurrent learning will also be explored to accommodate dynamic physiology in diabetes.

  16. Evaluasi Penerapan Internal Control dan Pelaksanaan Good Corporate Governance pada PT PLN (Persero Distribusi Jakarta Raya dan Tangerang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iswandi Iswandi

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available PT. PLN (Persero Distribusi Jakarta Raya dan Tangerang have implemented Internal Control and Good Corporate Governance. The research would like to evaluate the implementation of Internal Control accordance with COSO’s criteria (Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and KNKG’s criteria (Komite Nasional Kebijakan Governance. Based on research found that five components of COSO such as control environment, risk assessment, control activities, information and communication, monitoring have been implemented but unfortunately one of the component such as control activities not yet implemented properly accordance with COSO’s criteria. The company also have been imlemented GCG accordance with KNKG’s criteria but still need development through internalization GCG’s spirit among the employees because some employees still have different perception related to GCG. For example from employee stand point there’s no problem receive special gift or receive special payment from customer and have a conflict of interest when deal with public accountant.

  17. Las investigaciones sobre turismo de observación de tiburones y rayas en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel De la Cruz Modino

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Recientemente se han presentaron los resultados de los proyectos "Study On Economic Benefits Of Shark Diving in Canary Islands (Part I" y "Descripción e Impacto Económico de las Actividades de Buceo con Condrictios en Canarias"; ambos elaborados desde la Universidad de La Laguna (Tenerife, España en colaboración con la consultora inglesa New Economics Foundation (NEF. Las labores de investigación incluyeron un análisis sobre los beneficios económicos que se podían vincular a la presencia de estos animales y el desarrollo de actividades de buceo, así como el examen sobre la capacidad de atracción o interés de estos animales. El documento resultante, que lleva por título "Bucear con tiburones y rayas en España: Análisis de su potencial en España y de los beneficios económicos de la actividad en las Islas Canariasç" (De la Cruz Modino, Esteban et al. 2010, defendía el valor económico de una variedad de especies de peces cartilaginosos desde una vertiente contemplativa o no extractiva.

  18. Dynamical and Physical Properties of 65803 Didymos, the Proposed AIDA Mission Target

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Derek C.; Barnouin, Olivier S.; Benner, Lance A. M.; Bottke, William; Campo Bagatin, Adriano; Cheng, Andrew F.; Eggl, Siegfried; Hamilton, Douglas P.; Hestroffer, Daniel; Hirabayashi, Masatoshi; Maurel, Clara; McMahon, Jay W.; Michel, Patrick; Murdoch, Naomi; Naidu, Shantanu P.; Pravec, Petr; Rivkin, Andrew S.; Rosenblatt, Pascal; Sarid, Gal; Scheeres, Daniel J.; Scheirich, Peter; Tsiganis, Kleomenis; Zhang, Yun; AIDA Dynamical and Physical Properties of Didymos Working Group

    2016-10-01

    Binary near-Earth asteroid (NEA) 65803 Didymos is the proposed Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission target, combining an orbiter [1] and a kinetic impactor for a planned encounter in fall 2022 [2]. The Dynamical and Physical Properties of Didymos Working Group supports this mission by addressing questions related to understanding the dynamical state of the system and inferring physical properties. Didymos is an Apollo-class NEA that likely reached its current orbit by exiting the inner main belt near or within the nu-6 resonance (> 82% chance) [3]. Remote observations [4] show Didymos is spectroscopically most consistent with ordinary chondrites. The diameters of the binary components are measured to be about 780 and 160 m [5]. A model of the short-term binary dynamics suggests possible librations of the secondary with up to ~10-deg amplitude, depending on its axial ratio. However, an equilibrium orbital and rotational solution is consistent with a libration amplitude of only ~1 deg. The primary, with an estimated 2.1 g/cc bulk density (uncertainty 30%) has a possibly super-critical rotation period of 2.26 h that may imply a cohesive strength of several tens of Pa. At this rate, perturbed regolith material may go through take-off/landing cycles and cause loss of fines due to solar radiation pressure. Based on a continuum analysis [6], the internal structure would likely fail before the equatorial region. A discrete analysis [7,8] shows that a minimum of 2.5 g/cc bulk density is needed for the structure to hold without cohesion. The system may be subject to weak thermal radiation forces (BYORP) with a period drift of no greater than 1 s/yr [9]. Experiments using the ISAE-SUPAERO drop tower [10] are underway to model the possible deployment of a lander on the secondary. References: [1] Michel et al. 2016, ASR 57, 2529; [2] Cheng et al. 2016, P&SS 127, 27; [3] Granvik et al. 2015, DPS 47, 214.07; [4] Dunn et al. 2013, LPSC 44, 1719; [5] Osip et al

  19. STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS IKAN KARANG DI PERAIRAN PULAU RAYA, PULAU RUSA, PULAU RONDO DAN TAMAN LAUT RINOI DAN RUBIAH, NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isa Nagib Edrus

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian struktur komunitas ikan karang dilakukan di 10 stasiun pada perairan pulau terluar dan 2 stasiun pada taman laut Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.  Tujuan penelitian untuk mengindentifikasi struktur komunitas ikan karang. Metode yang digunakan adalah transek sabuk dan sensus visual dalam area 250 m2. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa didapat 235 jenis ikan karang yang mewakili 45 suku. Komposisi jenis dan keanekaragaman (H bervariasi antar stasiun. Pulau Raya memiliki jumlah jenis ikan karang dan keanekaragaman jenis yang paling rendah dibanding Pulau Rusa dan Pulau Rondo. Lokasi Pulau Rondo lebih jauh dari daratan utama dan memiliki jenis dan keanekaragaman yang lebih tinggi dari pada Pulau Raya dan Rusa, tetapi semua itu masih rendah jika dibandingkan dengan dua lokasi taman laut, Rinoi dan Rubiah. Ikan hias yang umum dijumpai di perairan Nanggroe Aceh Darusasalam, tetapi jarang dijumpai di tempat lain, adalah dari jenis kepe-kepe seperti Chaetodon andamanensis, Chaetodon xanthocephalus, Hemitaurichthys zoster dan jenis ikan antias punggung kuning, Pseudanthias  evansi. Sementara, kepadatan individu per meter persegi tergolong rendah pada semua stasiun penelitian.   The community structure study of reef fish was conducted in 10 stations of the adjacent bordered off islands and 2 stations of  around sea gardens of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam waters. The study objective is to identify the reef fish community structures. Methods used was belt transect and visual census within area of   250 m2. The results showed that there were at least 235 species of reef fishes with 45 families. Species compositions and diversity indices (R were varied among transect sites. Raya Island have the lowest of reef fish species numbers and it’s diversity than those in Rusa and Rondo islands. Rondo island, the remote area from the main land, have the higher  species numbers and diversity than those in Raya and Rusa islands; however, species numbers and

  20. Función ecológica de tiburones y rayas en un ecosistema costero tropical del Pacífico colombiano.

    OpenAIRE

    Navia López, Andrés Felipe

    2013-01-01

    Numerosos estudios mencionan la importancia de los depredadores tope en el control y estabilidad de las redes tróficas; sin embargo, es poco lo que se conoce sobre cómo desarrollan este control o cómo su disminución afecta las relaciones tróficas y la estabilidad de los ecosistemas en que habitan. Así, el objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la función ecológica de tiburones y rayas en un ecosistema costero tropical, a partir de su participación en la estructura de la comunidad, con base en l...

  1. Ingrid Galster, Aguirre o La posteridad arbitraria: La rebelión del conquistador vasco Lope de Aguirre en historiografía y ficción histórica (1561-1992), Bogotá, Universidad Javeriana, 2011, 844 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Montenegro, Giovanna

    2012-01-01

    En 1996 la Profesora Ingrid Galster publicó la versión alemana de su estudio sobre la historia de la recepción del  "loco," "tirano," "peregrino" y conquistador vasco Lope de Aguirre, conocido por su rebelión contra la Corona Española en 1561 y su intención de fundar una monarquía en tierras Iberoamericanas. La versión original de Galster fue escrita como una tesis requerida para obtener su cátedra en Letras Hispánicas en la Universidad de Eichstätt. Finalmente en 2011, 15 años después de su ...

  2. Science case for the Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM): A component of the Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Patrick; Cheng, A.; Küppers, M.; Pravec, P.; Blum, J.; Delbo, M.; Green, S. F.; Rosenblatt, P.; Tsiganis, K.; Vincent, J. B.; Biele, J.; Ciarletti, V.; Hérique, A.; Ulamec, S.; Carnelli, I.; Galvez, A.; Benner, L.; Naidu, S. P.; Barnouin, O. S.; Richardson, D. C.; Rivkin, A.; Scheirich, P.; Moskovitz, N.; Thirouin, A.; Schwartz, S. R.; Campo Bagatin, A.; Yu, Y.

    2016-06-01

    The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission is a joint cooperation between European and US space agencies that consists of two separate and independent spacecraft that will be launched to a binary asteroid system, the near-Earth asteroid Didymos, to test the kinetic impactor technique to deflect an asteroid. The European Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is set to rendezvous with the asteroid system to fully characterize the smaller of the two binary components a few months prior to the impact by the US Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft. AIM is a unique mission as it will be the first time that a spacecraft will investigate the surface, subsurface, and internal properties of a small binary near-Earth asteroid. In addition it will perform various important technology demonstrations that can serve other space missions. The knowledge obtained by this mission will have great implications for our understanding of the history of the Solar System. Having direct information on the surface and internal properties of small asteroids will allow us to understand how the various processes they undergo work and transform these small bodies as well as, for this particular case, how a binary system forms. Making these measurements from up close and comparing them with ground-based data from telescopes will also allow us to calibrate remote observations and improve our data interpretation of other systems. With DART, thanks to the characterization of the target by AIM, the mission will be the first fully documented impact experiment at asteroid scale, which will include the characterization of the target's properties and the outcome of the impact. AIDA will thus offer a great opportunity to test and refine our understanding and models at the actual scale of an asteroid, and to check whether the current extrapolations of material strength from laboratory-scale targets to the scale of AIDA's target are valid. Moreover, it will offer a first check of the

  3. Morfologia externa do adulto de Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Arsenurinae, Almeidaiini. I. Cabeça, apêndices e região cervical External morphology of Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Arsenurinae, Almeidaiini. I. Head, appendages and cervical region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amabílio J. A. de Camargo

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available A morfologia externa do adulto de Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande, 1981 é descrita e ilustrada pela pela primeira vez. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados com outras espécies de Saturniidae. É uma espécie rara e endêmica da região do Cerrado. Estudos sobre sua biologia foram publicados recentemente pelo quarto autor.The external morphology of adult head of Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande, 1981 is described and illustrated for the first time. The results obtained were compared with other species of Saturniidae. This species is rare and endemic of the Cerrado region. Biological studies were published recenthly by the fourth author.

  4. Entrevista a Álvaro Matute Aguirre, Profesor Emérito, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Betancourt Mendieta

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Álvaro Matute Aguirre es uno de los principales historiadores en México; sus aportes al conocimiento de los procesos históricos de la Revolución Mexicana lo sitúan en un lugar destacado en la producción historiográfica reciente; también es un renombrado profesor universitario donde ha formado a muchos profesionales de la historia en las aulas de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México y ha sido un animador clave de múltiples iniciativas para la profesionalización de la investigación histórica fuera de la Ciudad de México; su presencia es reiterada como profesor invitado en las cátedras de historia de licenciatura y posgrados de las universidades estatales, y en las actividades de difusión de la historia que fomenta el Seminario de Cultura Mexicana. Una de sus facetas más importantes como historiador y como profesor tiene que ver con sus aportes a la reflexión sobre el desarrollo de la historia mexicana. Esta trayectoria académica ha sido reconocida por sus nombramientos como Profesor Emérito de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México como Investigador Emérito del Sistema Nacional de Investigadores de México, así como en su ingreso a la Academia Mexicana de la Historia y en su participación como Miembro de la Junta de Gobierno de la UNAM hasta 2009. Hasta la fecha es investigador del Instituto de Investigaciones Históricas de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

  5. Maaleht soovitab : Tulised Eesti ja Ukraina mehed Pärimusmuusika Aidas. Eesti muusika kullafond Jõhvis. Kontsert "Tänu sulle...". Romansside ja shansoonide õhtu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti-Ukraina folkbänd Svjata Vatra, Ukraina ansambel Haydamaky ja Aimar Ventsel alias DJ Pickney Tiger esinevad 15. nov. Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas. Rahvusooper Estonia puhkpillikvintett esineb 13. nov. Jõhvi kontserdimaja kammersaalis. Eesti taassünni päevale ja rahvakultuuri toetajatele pühendatud Jõhvi valla taidlejate kontsert "Tänu sulle..." toimub 16. nov. Tammiku rahvamajas. Kontserdil 16. nov. Raikküla vallas Purku koolimajas esinevad Diana Klas ja Jüri Aarma

  6. PELAKSANAAN PEMENUHAN JAMINAN SOSIAL TENAGA KERJA SEBAGAI WUJUD PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM BAGI PEKERA (Hambatan dan Upaya Sistem Perjanjian Kerja Waktu Tertentu (PKWT Di Kabupaten Murung Raya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rimluk S Buhoy

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract   One of the protection of human rights, namely the principles of freedom in the field of labor relations in Indonesia contained in Paragraph D of Article 28 (2 Constitution NRI 1945. The existence of labor as a human being has the same rights as other human beings in terms of getting and doing a job and receive a fair return. labor law protection must be provided and the responsibility of the government and their employers to be able to give it. So coveted labor welfare can be realized. classic problem that employers in the District Joyless Kingdom less attention to the fulfillment of the rights of labor which existed as a labor agreement with the system time. All the more so towards the fulfillment of workforce in the labor and social security programs are often overlooked.   Key words: Protection of Human Rights, Labour, Employment Agreements Certain Time, labor and social security     Abstrak Salah satu perlindungan hak asasi manusia, yaitu prinsip kebebasan di bidang hubungan kerja di Indonesia yang terkandung dalam Pasal 28 D ayat (2 UUD NRI 1945. Keberadaan tenaga kerja sebagai manusia memiliki hak yang sama dengan manusia lainnya dalam hal mendapatkan dan melakukan pekerjaan dan menerima imbalan yang adil. perlindungan hukum perburuhan harus disediakan dan tanggung jawab pemerintah dan majikan mereka untuk bisa memberikannya. Kesejahteraan pekerja jadi incaran dapat direalisasikan. masalah klasik yang pengusaha di Kabupaten Murung Raya kurang memperhatikan pemenuhan hak-hak tenaga kerja yang ada sebagai suatu perjanjian kerja dengan waktu sistem. Semua lebih terhadap pemenuhan tenaga kerja dalam program jaminan sosial tenaga kerja dan sering diabaikan. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan memahami pelaksanaan, hambatan serta upaya dalam pelaksanaan pemenuhan hak jamsostek bagi tenaga kerja dengan system PKWT di kabupaten Murung Raya. Tulisan ini berdasarkan hasil penelitian hukum empiris dengan metode pendekatan

  7. Asteroid Impact Deflection and Assessment (AIDA) mission - Full-Scale Modeling and Simulation of Ejecta Evolution and Fates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahnestock, Eugene G.; Yu, Yang; Hamilton, Douglas P.; Schwartz, Stephen; Stickle, Angela; Miller, Paul L.; Cheng, Andy F.; Michel, Patrick; AIDA Impact Simulation Working Group

    2016-10-01

    The proposed Asteroid Impact Deflection and Assessment (AIDA) mission includes NASA's Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART), whose impact with the secondary of near-Earth binary asteroid 65803 Didymos is expected to liberate large amounts of ejecta. We present efforts within the AIDA Impact Simulation Working Group to comprehensively simulate the behavior of this impact ejecta as it moves through and exits the system. Group members at JPL, OCA, and UMD have been working largely independently, developing their own strategies and methodologies. Ejecta initial conditions may be imported from output of hydrocode impact simulations or generated from crater scaling laws derived from point-source explosion models. We started with the latter approach, using reasonable assumptions for the secondary's density, porosity, surface cohesive strength, and vanishingly small net gravitational/rotational surface acceleration. We adopted DART's planned size, mass, closing velocity, and impact geometry for the cratering event. Using independent N-Body codes, we performed Monte Carlo integration of ejecta particles sampled over reasonable particle size ranges, and over launch locations within the crater footprint. In some cases we scaled the number of integrated particles in various size bins to the estimated number of particles consistent with a realistic size-frequency distribution. Dynamical models used for the particle integration varied, but all included full gravity potential of both primary and secondary, the solar tide, and solar radiation pressure (accounting for shadowing). We present results for the proportions of ejecta reaching ultimate fates of escape, return impact on the secondary, and transfer impact onto the primary. We also present the time history of reaching those outcomes, i.e., ejecta clearing timescales, and the size-frequency distribution of remaining ejecta at given post-impact durations. We find large numbers of particles remain in the system for several

  8. Assessment of identity development and identity diffusion in adolescence - Theoretical basis and psychometric properties of the self-report questionnaire AIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goth Kirstin

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the continuing revision of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V “identity” is integrated as a central diagnostic criterion for personality disorders (self-related personality functioning. According to Kernberg, identity diffusion is one of the core elements of borderline personality organization. As there is no elaborated self-rating inventory to assess identity development in healthy and disturbed adolescents, we developed the AIDA (Assessment of Identity Development in Adolescence questionnaire to assess this complex dimension, varying from “Identity Integration” to “Identity Diffusion”, in a broad and substructured way and evaluated its psychometric properties in a mixed school and clinical sample. Methods Test construction was deductive, referring to psychodynamic as well as social-cognitive theories, and led to a special item pool, with consideration for clarity and ease of comprehension. Participants were 305 students aged 12–18 attending a public school and 52 adolescent psychiatric inpatients and outpatients with diagnoses of personality disorders (N = 20 or other mental disorders (N = 32. Convergent validity was evaluated by covariations with personality development (JTCI 12–18 R scales, criterion validity by differences in identity development (AIDA scales between patients and controls. Results AIDA showed excellent total score (Diffusion: α = .94, scale (Discontinuity: α = .86; Incoherence: α = .92 and subscale (α = .73-.86 reliabilities. High levels of Discontinuity and Incoherence were associated with low levels in Self Directedness, an indicator of maladaptive personality functioning. Both AIDA scales were significantly different between PD-patients and controls with remarkable effect sizes (d of 2.17 and 1.94 standard deviations. Conclusion AIDA is a reliable and valid instrument to assess normal and disturbed identity in adolescents. Studies for further

  9. VARIASI ALEL DNA MIKROSATELIT AUTOSOM LOKUS D2S1338, D13S317 DAN D16S539 PADA MASYARAKAT DAYAK KAHARINGAN DI KOTA PALANGKA RAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Emy Octavia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui ragam alel masyarakat Dayak Kaharingan di Kota Palangka Raya.  DNA diekstraksi dari sel epitel mukosa mulut, dari 26 individu dengan metode fenol kloroform. DNA mikrosatelitautosom lokus D2S1338, D13S317 dan D16S539 diamplifikasi pada mesin PCR. Pengamatan hasil PCR dilakukan dengan Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (PAGE dan visualisasi DNA hasil PCR dengan pewarnaan perak nitrat.  Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan terdapat 29 alel dari ketiga lokus yaitu lokus D2S1338 sebanyak 11 alel, serta masing-masing sembilan alel pada lokus D13S317 dan lokus D16S539. Nilai heterozigositas tertinggi terdapat pada lokus D2S1338 yaitu 0,8971 dengan kekuatan pembeda (PD 0,9682, diikuti lokus D13S317 dengan kekuatan pembeda 0,9339 dan lokus D16S539 dengan kekuatan pembeda 0,9226.

  10. SŪRYA DALAM PRATIṢṬHĀ DAN RASAVYAÑJAKA: HERMENEUTIK BHĪṢMA DALAM KAKAVIN AMBŚRAYA MENURUT TEORI DHVANI ĀNANDVARDHANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manu J. Widyaseputra

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the existence of Bhīṣma in the Ambâśraya Kakavin with applying the Dhvani theory of Ānandavardhana in his book Dhvanyāloka. Dhvani is basically a hint, a silent suggestion, and works mere through evocation than through implication. Whatever is implied can be arrived at merely from an analysis of the implying statement or gesture. Not so with dhvani. No amount of analysis can be lay bare the dhvani-effect, if the hearer/reader does not have a special qaulity that attunes him to it. Whereas an implication can be pin- pointed, and even expressed, dhvani can never be pin- pointed, much less can it be expressed in words. It can at best be merely pointed at through figures speech of Old Javanese kakavin but its precise content evades formulation.

  11. Ejecta cloud from the AIDA space project kinetic impact on the secondary of a binary asteroid: I. mechanical environment and dynamical model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Yang; Michel, Patrick; Schwartz, Stephen R.; Naidu, Shantanu P.; Benner, Lance A. M.

    2017-01-01

    An understanding of the post-impact dynamics of ejecta clouds are crucial to the planning of a kinetic impact mission to an asteroid, and also has great implications for the history of planetary formation. The purpose of this article is to track the evolution of ejecta produced by AIDA mission, which targets for kinetic impact the secondary of near-Earth binary asteroid (65803) Didymos on 2022, and to feedback essential informations to AIDA's ongoing phase-A study. We present a detailed dynamic model for the simulation of an ejecta cloud from a binary asteroid that synthesizes all relevant forces based on a previous analysis of the mechanical environment. We apply our method to gain insight into the expected response of Didymos to the AIDA impact, including the subsequent evolution of debris and dust. The crater scaling relations from laboratory experiments are employed to approximate the distributions of ejecta mass and launching speed. The size distribution of fragments is modeled with a power law fitted from observations of real asteroid surface. A full-scale demonstration is simulated using parameters specified by the mission. We report the results of the simulation, which include the computed spread of the ejecta cloud and the recorded history of ejecta accretion and escape. The violent period of the ejecta evolution is found to be short, and is followed by a stage where the remaining ejecta is gradually cleared. Solar radiation pressure proves to be efficient in cleaning dust-size ejecta, and the simulation results after two weeks shows that large debris on polar orbits (perpendicular to the binary orbital plane) has a survival advantage over smaller ejecta and ejecta that keeps to low latitudes.

  12. Population dynamics of the pea crab Austinixa aidae (Brachyura, Pinnotheridae: a symbiotic of the ghost shrimp Callichirus major (Thalassinidea, Callianassidae from the southwestern Atlantic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas F Peiró

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The Pinnotheridae family is one of the most diverse and complex groups of brachyuran crabs, many of them symbionts of a wide variety of invertebrates. The present study describes the population dynamics of the pea crab Austinixa aidae (Righi, 1967, a symbiont associated with the burrows of the ghost shrimp Callichirus major (Say, 1818. Individuals (n = 588 were collected bimonthly from May, 2005 to September, 2006 along a sandy beach in the southwestern Atlantic, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Our data indicated that the population demography of A. aidae was characterized by a bimodal size-frequency distribution (between 2.0 and 4.0 mm and between 8.0 and 9.0 mm CW that remained similar throughout the study period. Sex ratio does not differ significantly from 1:1 (p > 0.05, which confirms the pattern observed in other symbiontic pinnotherids. Density values (1.72 ± 1.34 ind. • ap.-1 are in agreement with those found for other species of the genus. The mean symbiosis incidence (75.6% was one of the highest among species of the Pinnotheridae family, but it was the lowest among the three studied species of the genus. Recruitment pattern was annual, beginning in May and peaking in July, in both years, after the peak of ovigerous females in the population (from March to May. Our findings describe ecological and biological aspects of A. aidae similar to those of other species of this genus, even from different geographic localities.

  13. Maaleht soovitab : Pidu Pärimusmuusika Aidas. Corelli Music lõpetab suvehooaja. Homme selgub Virumaa superstaar. "Kohtumispaik Eesti". Laulavad vennad Urbid. Kogu pere rokifestival

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    6. sept. Pärimusmuusika Aidas hooaja avapeol esinevad ansambel Paabel, Kulno Malva ja DJ Harlet. Agentuur Corelli Music lõpetab suvehooaja jaapani klavessinisti Yoshiko Ieki kontserdiga 8. sept. Tallinnas Pühavaimu kirikus ja 10. sept. Maardu mõisas, uus hooaeg algab oktoobris kavaga "Vivaldi, Casanova ja Veneetsia". Kadrina laululaval valitakse "Viru simmani" raames Virumaa superstaar, esinevad Kuldne Trio, Terminaator ja DJ Erki Ohmann. Vanemuise kontserdimajas annab Põhjamaade sümfooniaorkester 6. sept. kontserdi "Kohtumispaik Eesti", dirigent Anu Tali. 13. sept. esinevad Vanemuise kontserdisaalis vennad Toomas ja Tarmo Urb. 6. sept.Tartus Narva mnt pool Kaarsilla juures pargis rokifestival "Rock ja Art", peaesinejaks ansambel Kosmikud

  14. Fístula arterio-venosa secundaria a picadura de raya de río Arteriovenous fistula secondary to stingray puncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Girón

    1993-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino, pescador, lesionado en la región fe. moral por una raya de río (Potamotrygon magdalenne lo que le produjo una fístula arterio-venosa de los vasos femorales. Fue tratado exitosamente mediante rafia de la vena y resección y anastomosis término-terminal de la arteria. En una revisión del tema no se encontraron informes previos de fístulas A-V de esta etiología.

    We report on the case of a fisherman who was wounded by a stingray (Potamotrygon magdalenne. As a consequence he developed a femoral arterio-venous fistula that was surgical treated with success. Suture of the vein and end to end anastomosis of the artery were performed. A review of the literature yielded no cases of arteriovenous fistula of this etiology.

  15. Relative growth and sexual dimorphism of Austinixa aidae (Brachyura: Pinnotheridae: a symbiont of the ghost shrimp Callichirus major from the southwestern Atlantic Crecimiento relativo y dimorfismo sexual en Austinixa aidae (Barchyura: Pinnotheridae: un simbionte del camarón fantasma Callichirus major del Atlántico sudoccidental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Fernando Peiró

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Species of the family Pinnotheridae constitute an ideal group for morphometric studies due to their complex morphological adaptations. These adaptations respond to the selective pressure of a symbiotic life style. This study describes the relative growth and morphometric features of the symbiotic pea crab Austinixa aidae (associated with the ghost shrimp Callichirus major, from the sandy beaches in the southwest Atlantic, Brazil. Significant differences were detected in the biometric proportions, particularly the chelar propodus length and carapace width, of each sex. These dimensions were also related to the size at which the individuals reached morphological sexual maturity (5.1 mm of carapace width for both sexes. Males and females were 2.4 times wider than long, which corresponds to the principal adaptation developed by Austinixa species to live in cryptic environments. Moreover, juveniles were proportionally more rounded. The changes in the biometric proportions of carapace length and width of A. aidae were more pronounced in males and females, adaptations that facilitate roaming within the galleries of their hosts.Las especies de la familia Pinnotheridae constituyen un grupo ideal para la realización de estudios morfométricos, debido a sus complejas adaptaciones morfológicas. Estas adaptaciones son respuesta a la presión de selección debida a su vida simbionte. En este estudio se describió el crecimiento relativo y las características morfométricas del cangrejo simbionte Austinixa aidae (asociado con el camarón fantasma Callichirus major, de una playa de arena del Atlántico suroeste de Brasil. Se determinaron diferencias significativas en las proporciones biométricas de cada sexo, entre la longitud del propodio y ancho del caparazón. Estas dimensiones estuvieron relacionadas también con la talla en que los individuos muestran cambios morfológicos en su madurez sexual (5.1 mm de ancho del caparazón en ambos sexos. Los machos

  16. TIBURONES Y RAYAS (SUBCLASE ELASMOBRANCHII) DESCARTADOS POR LA FLOTA DE ARRASTRE CAMARONERO EN EL CARIBE DE COLOMBIA Sharks and Rays (Subclass Elasmobranchii) Discarded from Commercial Shrimp Trawlers at the Caribbean Sea of Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Molina E.; Grijalba-Bendeck M.; Moreno C.; Moreno F.; Bohórquez-Herrera J.; Acevedo K.; Gómez-Canchong P.

    2007-01-01

    Con el fin de obtener una aproximación a la estructura del ensamblaje de peces cartilaginosos extraídos por la flota de arrastre camaronero en la costa norte de Colombia, se evaluó la composición y abundancia de tiburones y rayas descartados en dos sectores del Caribe colombiano, entre agosto y noviembre de 2004. Mensualmente se analizaron lances de la flota de arrastre camaronero al interior de cada sector (norte: La Virgen y Portete; sur: Barú, cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo,...

  17. ¿Nos pasamos de la raya?: la frontera hispano-portuguesa a través de las publicaciones de prehistoria y protohistoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Marín, Ángeles

    1997-06-01

    cita. La principal comunicación internacional es la transfronteriza, seguida de la mantenida con la arqueología francesa y alemana de larga implantación en España y Portugal. La similaridad de la arqueología prerromana a uno y otro lado de «la raya» procede de su dependencia tradicional de la historia-cultural. Se denuncian los riesgos de manipulación nacionalista implícitos en una práctica científica que ajusta el ámbito de estudio y la cita a autores y publicaciones a los límites administrativos actuales.

  18. Optimización del juego tres en raya con niveles de dificultad utilizando heurísticas de inteligencia artificial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Javier Villacís

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Los videojuegos educativos, además de proporcionar distracción y diversión,  estimulan el desarrollo del pensamiento de los niños en las áreas lógica y espacial. Esta investigación presenta la optimización de un videojuego educativo relacionado con los juegos de lógica, conocido como el Tres en Raya o Tic-Tac-Toe (en inglés, enfocado a niños entre 7 y 11 años. Método: Para llevarlo a cabo, se ha empleado el Método de Diseño Hipermedia Orientada a Objetos para el diseño conceptual y navegacional de la aplicación, lo cual permite crear interfaces de usuario interactivas y amigables con el usuario. Además, se utilizó técnicas de Inteligencia Artificial para que el jugador, simulado y controlado por la computadora,  pueda emular la toma de decisiones por sí mismo, y esté en capacidad de enfrentar al usuario. Las técnicas de Inteligencia Artificial utilizadas son del tipo heurísticas, implementadas mediante un método numérico inédito, basado en series numéricas finitas, lo cual difiere de otros del mismo tipo, donde lo común es utilizar el Algoritmo del MIN-MAX. Para la ejecución del juego se ha recurrido a la incorporación de un agente virtual que brindará soporte al usuario en los diferentes niveles de dificultad del juego. Resultados: Los resultados muestran que existen diferencias cognitivas por edad, género y nivel de dificultad en el juego de una muestra representativa de niños de una unidad educativa. Conclusión: Estes tipos de programas estimulan el desarrollo cognitivo de los niños que se encuentran en su etapa primaria  de  formación.

  19. APORTES A LA BIOLOGÍA DE TIBURONES Y RAYAS DEMERSALES EN LA REGIÓN NORTE DEL CARIBE COLOMBIANO Contribution To Biology Of Demersal Sharks And Rays In The North Region Of Colombian Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FABIÁN MORENO RODRÍGUEZ

    Full Text Available El presente estudio es una contribución al conocimiento biológico de los peces cartilaginosos en la región norte del Caribe colombiano. Los ejemplares examinados se capturaron con una red demersal, se determinó su peso, longitud total y estado de madurez sexual. Adicionalmente se realizó la ubicación espacial de las capturas y la relación con las variables ambientales. Se capturaron un total de 21 individuos, colectando tres especies de rayas, Dasyatis americana, D. guttata y Rhinobatos percellens, dos de tiburones Mustelus minicanis y Rhizoprionodon porosus, la más común fue D. guttata con 56%, las tallas (longitud total fluctuaron entre los 1760 -394 mm en rayas y 595 -585 mm en tiburones. Se obtuvieron más hembras que machos para todas las especies, con predominio de estados inmaduros y en maduración, solo se registró una hembra grávida de M. minicanis con dos embriones.The present study is a contribution to the biological knowledge of cartilaginous fish from the north of Colombian Caribbean. The samples were obtained from a demersal net in the north of Colombian Caribbean, its weight, overall length and sexual maturity stage was determined. Additionally, spatial distribution and its relationships with environmental variables were explored. A total of 21 individuals were captured, three ray species were collected, Dasyatis americana, D. guttata and Rhinobatos percellens, two sharks Mustelus minicanis and Rhizoprionodon porosus, the most common was D. guttata with 56%, the sizes (total length fluctuated between 1760 - 394 mm in rays and 595 -585 mm in sharks. More females were obtained than males in all the species, with predominance of immature and in maturation states, a single pregnant female of M: minicanis with two embryos was registered.

  20. AIDA (all-trans retinoic acid + idarubicin) in newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia: a Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto (GIMEMA) pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avvisati, G; Lo Coco, F; Diverio, D; Falda, M; Ferrara, F; Lazzarino, M; Russo, D; Petti, M C; Mandelli, F

    1996-08-15

    From March 1993 to October 1993, 20 consecutive, newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients from 13 Italian institutions entered in a pilot study named AIDA, combining all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) with idarubicin (IDA). ATRA was administered orally beginning on the first day of induction at the dosage of 45 mg/m2/d until complete remission (CR), whereas IDA was administered intravenously at the dosage of 12 mg/m2/d on days 2, 4, 6, and 8 of the induction. Patients who achieved CR were consolidated with 3 courses of chemotherapy without ATRA; thereafter, they were followed up for molecular and hematologic CR. The median age was 35.3 years (range, 6.5 to 67.6 years); 8 patients were males and 12 females; 4 had the hypogranular variant of APL (M3v), and 4 (2 with M3v) presented with leukocyte counts > or = 10,000/microL. Molecular analysis for the promyelocytic leukemia-retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML-RAR alpha) hybrid gene at diagnosis was performed in 16 patients by means of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis, and all were RT-PCR+ for the hybrid gene. In the remaining 4 patients, the cytogenetic study showed the presence of the t(15;17). After a median time of 36 days (range, 28 to 52 days) 18 (90%) patients achieved CR; the remaining 2 patients died 12 and 34 days after diagnosis from myocardial infarction caused by fungal myocarditis and from massive hemoptysis, respectively. ATRA syndrome was observed in only 2 patients, and, after the prompt discontinuation of ATRA and initiation of dexamethasone, both recovered from the syndrome. However, after recovering, 1 patient achieved CR, whereas the other died at day 34 because of massive hemoptysis; other side effects were very limited. At recovery from the third consolidation course, only 3 of 14 (21.4%) tested patients were RT-PCR+ for the PML-RAR alpha hybrid gene. Of these, 2 relapsed shortly afterwards; however, in the last patient, the PML-RAR alpha disappeared

  1. Necrosis cutánea severa por picadura de raya en el miembro inferior: presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura Stingray injury causing severe cutaneous necrosis: case report and literature review

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    M.A. Hoyos Franco

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es presentar nuestra experiencia con un caso de picadura por raya en el área maleolar interna del pie derecho de un hombre de 25 años, que sufrió mientras pescaba. Inicialmente presentó dolor urente, seguido de edema severo, con necrosis de la piel suprayacente. Ingresa a nuestra institución 24 horas después y con edema, eritema y secreción purulenta en el sitio afectado. Se inicia tratamiento con antibióticos sistémicos y se realizan tres lavados y desbridamientos en días subsecuentes. Evolucionó con solución de continuidad y exposición ósea sobre el maléolo interno en un área de 7 x 5 cms que se cubrió con un colgajo safeno interno de flujo reverso que evolucionó satisfactoriamente. Las lesiones ocasionadas por la picadura de raya (Myliobatidae son escasamente referidas en Cirugía Plástica, pues la lesión tisular severa de las extremidades es poco frecuente. Revisamos la fisiopatología, los tipos de lesiones que se producen y los principios de tratamiento.The purpose of this paper is to present our experience with one case of stingray injury, in a 25 years old man, while he was fishing, compromising his right feet at the internal malleolus. At the beginning he had severe pain, and during the first hours after the accident progressive edema was evident. He arrived to our hospital 24 hours later, when purulent discharge and eritem was obvious. Intravenous antibiotics were initiated and three surgical debridements where performed during the following week. After the process was complete, a soft tissue defect was created on the internal malleolus (7 x 5 cm. Reconstruction was achieved using a reverse internal saphenous flap that evolved satisfactorily. Severe skin injuries caused by stingrays (Myliobatidae have been reported shortly in plastic surgery literature, because these lesions usually heal without surgical procedures. We review skin injury physiopathology, showing the different kind of

  2. Anatomía comparada del sistema digestivo de las rayas Urotrygon chilensis y Dasyatis sabina (Myliobatiformes Comparative anatomy of the digestive system of the skates, Urotrygon chilensis and Dasyatis sabina (Myliobatiformes

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    ABRAHAM KOBELKOWSKY

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La organización general del sistema digestivo de la raya pinta Urotrygon chilensis y la raya de espina Dasyatis sabina corresponde al patrón morfológico general de los Myliobatiformes. La dentición de estas especies muestra un dimorfismo sexual, consistente en dientes planos en las hembras y dientes puntiagudos en los machos. Entre los músculos mandibulares, el adductor mandibulae es el más complejo. Las cavidades bucofaríngea y visceral son aplanadas dorsoventralmente. El esófago es relativamente largo, el estómago tiene forma de U, el intestino está regionalizado en duodeno, intestino valvular y recto. El mesenterio dorsal está restringido al recto y la glándula rectal. Los caracteres morfológicos más notables que diferencian el sistema digestivo de las dos especies son: la presencia de esfínter cardiaco y la forma en S del recto en U. chilensis, la presencia de escotaduras en las mandíbulas y el mayor número de vueltas de la válvula espiral en D. sabina.The general organization of the digestive system of the rays Urotrygon chilensis and Dasyatis sabina fits with the general morphological pattern of the Myliobatiformes. Dentition of both species shows sexual dimorphism, having the females flattened teeth whereas pointed teeth the males. Among the mandibular muscles, the adductor mandibulae is the most complex. Both the buccopharyngeal and the visceral cavities are dorsoventrally flattened. The esophagus is long, the stomach is U shaped, and the intestine is formed by the duodene, valvular intestine and rectum. The dorsal mesentery is restricted to the rectum and rectal gland. The main morphological characters differentiating both species are: the presence in U. chilensis of the cardiac sphincter and the S shape of the rectum, and the presence in D. sabina of mandibular notches and a higher number of coils of the valvular fold of the intestine.

  3. Filosoofiaõhtu Kloostri Aidas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Restoranis Kloostri Ait toimub üritus, kus prantsuse filosoofi Jacques Derrida raamatust "Surma and" räägivad raamatu tõlkija Mart Kangur ja kirjandusteadlane Hasso Krull. Üritus toimub koostöös raamatu väljaandja, Tallinna Ülikooli Kirjastusega

  4. AIDA Model 1.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    the scale of the raid on the basis of the partial observations made through cloud cover in the first 50 seconds of the raid. This latter function...its support contractors General Research Corporation ( GRC ) in the UK against an agreed and published acceptance test plan (Reference 12). m A Plan for

  5. Biología de la raya guitarra Rhinobatos leucorhynchus (Günther, 1867 (Rajiformes: Rhinobatidae en el Pacífico colombiano Biology of the guitar ray Rhinobatos leucorhynchus (Günther, 1867 (Rajiformes: Rhinobatidae in the Colombian Pacific

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    Luis Fernando Payán

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La raya guitarra Rhinobatos leucorhynchus es comúnmente capturada como fauna acompañante en la pesca del camarón de aguas someras del Pacífico colombiano, tanto a nivel industrial como artesanal. A partir de 286 ejemplares capturados incidentalmente entre 2001 y 2007, se estudiaron diferentes aspectos biológicos de esta especie. Las hembras fueron proporcionalmente más grandes que los machos, aunque el crecimiento fue similar en ambos sexos (alométrico. Los embriones no presentaron diferencias sexuales significativas ni en talla ni en peso. La proporción sexual en adultos fue 2,4:1 (hembras-machos, mientras que en embriones esta proporción fue de 1:1. El 51,5% de machos presentó claspers desarrollados y calcificados y el 56,5% de las hembras estaban grávidas, presentando fecundidades entre 1 y 6 embriones, con tallas entre 3 y 19,5 cm, sugiriendo una talla de nacimiento entre 19 y 19,5 cm LT. La talla mediana de madurez de las hembras fue menor que la de machos (48,48 cm y 51,18 cm LT, respectivamente, y las hembras presentaron crías a partir de 44 cm LT. Los hábitos alimentarios de esta especie mostraron 30 ítems presa, con camarones de la familia Penaeidae, y especialmente Trachypenaeus sp. como alimento principal. La raya guitarra presentó diferencias significativas en la dieta de machos y hembras, y la amplitud de nicho indicó que es especialista en su dieta. Los resultados de este estudio aportan información útil para plantear medidas de manejo de R. leucorhynchus, especie que requiere atención, dado sus características biológicas y su importancia comercial y de consumo.The guitar ray Rhinobatos leucorhynchus is commonly caught as by-catch of industrial and artisanal shrimp trawling in the shallow waters of the Colombian Pacific. The biological aspects of this species were studied using 286 animals caught as by-catch between 2001 and 2007. The females were proportionally larger than males, although growth was similar

  6. From coexistence to competitive exclusion: can overfishing change the outcome of competition in skates (Chondrichthyes, Rajidae? De la coexistencia a la exclusión competitiva: ¿Puede la sobrepesca cambiar el resultado de la competencia en rayas (Chondrichthyes, Rajidae?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia L Ruocco

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Competition for food could be a major force driving changes in the community structure of skates (Rajidae subjected to fishing exploitation. Under this hypothesis, small skates are released from competition with larger skates after fishing has depleted the larger species. Here, we compare the abundance patterns of two sympatric skates with similar niches but different life histories, Bathyraja albomaculata (larger and slow-reproducing and Bathyraja macloviana (smaller and faster-reproducing, before (1971, 1978 and after (1998-2004 a 108% increase in industrial bottom trawling on the southeastern South American shelf in order to test the prediction that B. macloviana should competitively exclude B. albomaculata after the increase in fishing mortality. In 1971 and 1978, there was no relationship between the abundance of both species, indicating that they coexisted over large scales. In 1998-2004, the relationship between the abundances of these skates was bell-shaped, indicating that both species increased in abundance at low densities until peaking, after which B. albomaculata decreased when B. macloviana became more abundant, consistent with resource competition. We tested whether food may be a potential limiting resource by comparing the diet of both species. The two species consumed mostly polychaetes, differing only in the consumption of polychaetes from the family Nephthyidae, which was much higher for B. macloviana. Bathyraja macloviana could replace B. albomaculata at high densities when food resources may become scarce. These results support the hypothesis that competition release is an important factor explaining the changes in skate communities in overexploited areas.La competencia por el alimento podría ser una fuerza importante detrás de los cambios en la estructura de las comunidades de rayas (Rajidae bajo explotación pesquera. Según esta hipótesis, las rayas pequeñas son liberadas de la competencia por las rayas de mayor tama

  7. Reproducción de la raya eléctrica Narcine bancroftii (Torpediniformes: Narcinidae en Santa Marta, Caribe colombiano Reproduction of the electric ray Narcine bancroftii (Torpediniformes: Narcinidae in Santa Marta, Colombian Caribbean

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    Fabián Moreno

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizaron aspectos reproductivos de la raya eléctrica Narcine bancroftii, capturada como bycatch con una red playera de cerco en dos playas del sector de El Rodadero, Santa Marta, Caribe colombiano. Los ejemplares fueron sexados, pesados y medidos, se identificó su estado de desarrollo gonadal mediante características morfológicas externas e internas. Se evaluó la condición reproductiva con el comportamiento de los índices biológicos (gonadosomático IGS y hepatosomático IHS y la talla a la madurez sexual (l50%. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que el IGS tiene un máximo anual entre septiembre y diciembre cuando probablemente ocurre la cópula. El IHS presentó su mayor valor en enero, cuando termina su periodo reproductivo. La talla media de madurez en hembras fue de 32,2 cm y en machos de 20,2 a 22,9 cm. El período de gestación es de cuatro meses y las crías nacen de febrero a abril.This paper provides information about reproductive aspects of the electric ray Narcine bancroftii, caught as bycatch with beach seines in two beaches of El Rodadero, Santa Marta, Colombian Caribbean, between August (2005 and October (2006. The electric rays obtained were separate by sex, weighed and measured; the development of reproductive stage was identified by external and internal characteristics. The reproductive condition was determinate by (gonadosomatic GSI and hepatosomatic HSI indexes and the size at sexual maturity (l50%. The results showed that the GSI has one peak at year between September and December when probably the copulation carried out, the HSI presented its highest value in January, which corresponds to the end of the reproductive period. The size at sexual maturity was 32.2 cm in females and it was between 20.2 and 22.9 cm in males. We propose that the gestation period extends during four months, starting with the birth of individuals in February and finishing in April.

  8. Composición de especies, tasas de captura y estructura de tamaño de peces capturados en la pesquería espinelera artesanal de rayas en la zona sur-austral de Chile Species composition, catch rates, and size structures of fishes caught in the small-scale longline skate fishery off southern Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Quiroz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos diez años los desembarques de rayas en la pesquería espinelera artesanal se han incrementado aceleradamente en la zona sur-austral de Chile y actualmente se desconocen características fundamentales para la descripción de la dinámica poblacional, como es la composición de especies, tasas de capturas y estructura de tamaño. En este estudio se exploraron estas características mediante información biológico-pesquera obtenida en un programa de moni toreo experimental desarrollado entre febrero 2003 y agosto 2004. Se analizaron 403 lances de pesca donde se registró información operational (fecha, profundidad, tiempo de reposo, número de anzuelos, captura total y zona de pesca y biológica (identificación de especies, número de especies, peso, sexo y longitud total. Se examinó por zona de pesca la composición de un grupo de 16 especies correspondientes al 98% de la captura total. Las capturas estuvieron constituidas principalmente por raya volantín (Dipturus chilensis y congrio dorado (Genypterus blacodes, que en conjunto representaron el 87,8% de la captura total, mientras que la importancia del resto de las especies de elasmobranquios incidentales no superó el 9%. Adicionalmente, se obtuvo la estructura de tamaño y tasas de captura de congrio dorado y de las únicas dos especies de rajiformes reportadas en las capturas, raya volantín y raya espinuda (Dipturus trachyderma. En estas tres especies, la estructura de tamaño evidenció cambios significativos (p Landings of the small-scale longline skate fishery have increased rapidly off southern Chile during the last ten years. At present, the fundamental characteristics for describing the population dynamics (e.g., species composition, catch rates, size structures are not known. The present study explored these characteristics using biological-fishery information coming from an experimental sampling program carried out between February 2003 and August 2004. A total

  9. Biología reproductiva de la raya Rhinoptera bonasus (Elasmobranchii en el sureste del Golfo de México Reproductive biology of the cownose ray Rhinoptera bonasus (Elasmobranchii in the Southeastern Gulf of Mexico

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    Juan Carlos Pérez-Jiménez

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available La raya Rhinoptera bonasus es uno de los batoideos más abundantes en el sureste del Golfo de México, en donde es capturada incidentalmente y procesada seca-salada para consumo humano. En esta región, a la fecha no existen estimaciones de los parámetros reproductivos necesarios para conocer su dinámica poblacional y evaluar su vulnerabilidad a la pesca por medio de análisis demográficos o evaluaciones de riesgo ecológico. Del análisis de 136 hembras con un intervalo de longitud de 43-106 cm de ancho de disco (AD y 56 machos con un intervalo de longitud de 43-93 cm AD, se estimó una longitud de madurez (AD50% de 89.1 cm y 76.4 cm AD para hembras y machos respectivamente. El ciclo reproductivo de las hembras es aparentemente bienal, con una gestación de 12 meses; la gestación y la vitelogénesis son consecutivas. La ovulación y el alumbramiento ocurren de mediados de marzo a mediados de junio. La fecundidad fue de un embrión y la longitud de nacimiento de 37.5-43 cm AD. La longitud de madurez es diferente entre el sureste y el norte del Golfo de México; en el norte del Golfo es de 65.3 y 64.2 cm AD para hembras y machos, respectivamente. Al parecer también es diferente el ciclo reproductivo entre las poblaciones del sureste del Golfo de México (bienal y el Atlántico noroeste (anual.The cownose ray Rhinoptera bonasus is one of the most abundant batoid species in southeastern Gulf of Mexico, where it is occasionally caught and salt-dried for human consumption. To date, there are no estimates of the reproductive parameters which are needed to assess the dynamics of the local population of this species, and its vulnerability to fisheries. The analysis of 136 females with a size range of 43-106 cm disc width (DW and 56 males with a size range of 43-93 cm DW, allowed to estimate that the lengths at maturity (DW50% are 89.1 cm DW and 76.4 cm DW for females and for males, respectively. The female reproductive cycle is apparently biennial

  10. Reproductive parameters of the southern stingray Dasyatis americana in southern gulf of Mexico Parámetros reproductivos de la raya látigo americana Dasyatis americana en el sur del golfo de México

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    Edith Ramírez-Mosqueda

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The southern stingray Dasyatis americana (Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928 is the most landed elasmobranch by small-scale fleets in southern gulf of Mexico. However, little is known of its life history parameters in this region. In this study, a total of 900 specimens were collected from February 2006 to December 2008 to determine the reproductive parameters needed for population assessments by means of ecological risk assessments or demographic analysis. Results suggested that females of D. americana reproduce annually, with a gestation of 7-8 months. The reproductive cycle of females is asynchronous, with ovulation and parturition occurring throughout the year. Females and males matured at 764 and 517 mm disc width (DW50 respectively. D. americana has one of the highest fecundity among dasyatids, from 2 to 7 embryos, with a sex ratio of embryos of 1:1. A linear relationship between maternal DW and fecundity was estimated, the larger females contain more embryos. The status of the population of D. americana is a cause of concern in the southern gulf of Mexico due to its high frequency of capture in artisanal fisheries and its apparently low biological productivity.La raya látigo americana Dasyatis americana (Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928, conocida como balá en México, es el elasmobranquio más capturado y desembarcado por flotas artesanales en el sur del golfo de México. Sin embargo, se conoce poco de sus parámetros de historia de vida en esta región. En este estudio, fueron analizados 900 ejemplares entre febrero 2006 y diciembre 2008 para determinar los parámetros reproductivos necesarios para evaluaciones poblacionales por medio de análisis demográficos o evaluaciones de riesgo ecológico. Los resultados sugieren que las hembras de D. americana se reproducen anualmente, con una gestación de 7-8 meses aproximadamente. El ciclo reproductivo de las hembras es asincrónico, con la ovulación y alumbramiento ocurriendo a lo largo de todo el

  11. Tiburones y rayas (subclase elasmobranchi descartado por la flota de arrastre camaronero en el caribe de colombia Sharks and Rays (Subclass Elasmobranchii Discarded from Commercial Shrimp Trawlers at the Caribbean Sea of Colombia

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    Molina E.

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de obtener una aproximación a la estructura del ensamblaje de peces cartilaginosos extraídos por la flota de arrastre camaronero en la costa norte de Colombia, se evaluó la composición y abundancia de tiburones y rayas descartados en dos sectores del Caribe colombiano, entre agosto y noviembre de 2004. Mensualmente se analizaron lances de la flota de arrastre camaronero al interior de cada sector (norte: La Virgen y Portete; sur: Barú, cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo, Ceycén, Mestizo, río Cedro, Tigua y Tortuguilla. Observadores a bordo de la flota comercial de arrastre camaronero muestrearon 1/5 de la captura previamente homogenizada, tomada al azar de una de las cuatro redes de la embarcación. En 30 lances se registró la presencia de
    47 peces cartilaginosos, correspondientes a seis familias y ocho especies. La mayor Captura por Unidad de Esfuerzo (CPUE en términos de biomasa se registró en ambas zonas durante septiembre, la menor en noviembre en la zona sur; el mayor valor del número de individuos se presentó en septiembre en la zona sur y el menor en noviembre, lo cual puede atribuirse a la mayor disponibilidad del recurso objetivo que está asociado al periodo de mayores lluvias que enriquece las aguas de los ambientes costeros y son usados como hábitat y zonas de alimentación por los peces cartilaginosos.In order to have an approximation to the cartilaginous fishes assemblage structure exploited by commercial shrimp trawlers from the north coast of Colombia, composition and abundance of the discarded sharks and rays on two zones of the
    Colombian Caribbean, between August and November of 2004 were evaluated. Each month, a number of trawls were analyzed in each zone (north: La Virgen and Portete; south: Barú, Cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo, Ceycén, Mestizo, Cedro river, Tigua and Tortuguilla. Observers were placed on board commercial shrimp trawlers, sampling 1/5 from the

  12. TIBURONES Y RAYAS (SUBCLASE ELASMOBRANCHII DESCARTADOS POR LA FLOTA DE ARRASTRE CAMARONERO EN EL CARIBE DE COLOMBIA Sharks and Rays (Subclass Elasmobranchii Discarded from Commercial Shrimp Trawlers at the Caribbean Sea of Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K ACEVEDO

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de obtener una aproximación a la estructura del ensamblaje de peces cartilaginosos extraídos por la flota de arrastre camaronero en la costa norte de Colombia, se evaluó la composición y abundancia de tiburones y rayas descartados en dos sectores del Caribe colombiano, entre agosto y noviembre de 2004. Mensualmente se analizaron lances de la flota de arrastre camaronero al interior de cada sector (norte: La Virgen y Portete; sur: Barú, cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo, Ceycén, Mestizo, río Cedro, Tigua y Tortuguilla. Observadores a bordo de la flota comercial de arrastre camaronero muestrearon 1/5 de la captura previamente homogenizada, tomada al azar de una de las cuatro redes de la embarcación. En 30 lances se registró la presencia de 47 peces cartilaginosos, correspondientes a seis familias y ocho especies. La mayor Captura por Unidad de Esfuerzo (CPUE en términos de biomasa se registró en ambas zonas durante septiembre, la menor en noviembre en la zona sur; el mayor valor del número de individuos se presentó en septiembre en la zona sur y el menor en noviembre, lo cual puede atribuirse a la mayor disponibilidad del recurso objetivo que está asociado al periodo de mayores lluvias que enriquece las aguas de los ambientes costeros y son usados como hábitat y zonas de alimentación por los peces cartilaginososIn order to have an approximation to the cartilaginous fishes assemblage structure exploited by commercial shrimp trawlers from the north coast of Colombia, composition and abundance of the discarded sharks and rays on two zones of the Colombian Caribbean, between August and November of 2004 were evaluated. Each month, a number of trawls were analyzed in each zone (north: La Virgen and Portete; south: Barú, Cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo, Ceycén, Mestizo, Cedro river, Tigua and Tortuguilla. Observers were placed on board commercial shrimp trawlers, sampling 1/5 from the total

  13. Molecular remission in PML/RAR alpha-positive acute promyelocytic leukemia by combined all-trans retinoic acid and idarubicin (AIDA) therapy. Gruppo Italiano-Malattie Ematologiche Maligne dell'Adulto and Associazione Italiana di Ematologia ed Oncologia Pediatrica Cooperative Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandelli, F; Diverio, D; Avvisati, G; Luciano, A; Barbui, T; Bernasconi, C; Broccia, G; Cerri, R; Falda, M; Fioritoni, G; Leoni, F; Liso, V; Petti, M C; Rodeghiero, F; Saglio, G; Vegna, M L; Visani, G; Jehn, U; Willemze, R; Muus, P; Pelicci, P G; Biondi, A; Lo Coco, F

    1997-08-01

    Two hundred fifty-three patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) were eligible to enter the multicentric GIMEMA-AIEOP "AIDA" trial during the period July 1993 to February 1996. As a mandatory prerequisite for eligibility, all patients had genetic evidence of the specific t(15;17) lesion in their leukemic cells confirmed by karyotyping or by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of the PML/RAR alpha fusion gene (the latter available in 247 cases). Median age was 37.8 years (range, 2.2 to 73.9). Induction treatment consisted of oral all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), 45 mg/m2/d until complete remission (CR), given with intravenous Idarubicin, 12 mg/m2/d on days 2, 4, 6, and 8. Three polychemotherapy cycles were given as consolidation. Hematologic and molecular response by RT-PCR was assessed after induction and after consolidation. At the time of analysis, 240 of the 253 eligible patients were evaluable for induction. Of these, 11 (5%) died of early complications and 229 (95%) achieved hematologic remission. No cases of resistant leukemia were observed. Of 139 cases studied by RT-PCR after induction, 84 (60.5%) were PCR-negative and 55 (39.5%) PCR-positive. One hundred sixty-two patients were evaluable by RT-PCR at the end of consolidation. Of these, 159 (98%) tested PCR-negative and 3 (2%), PCR-positive. After a median follow up of 12 months (range, 0 to 33), the estimated actuarial event-free survival for the whole series of 253 eligible patients was 83% +/- 2.6% and 79% +/- 3.2% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. This study indicates that the AIDA protocol is a well-tolerated regimen that induces molecular remission in almost all patients with PML/RAR alpha-positive APL. Preliminary survival data suggest that a remarkable cure rate can be obtained with this treatment.

  14. Penerapan Teknologi GPS Tracker Untuk Identifikasi Kondisi Traffik Jalan Raya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IM. O. Widyantara

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Real time tracking system technology has been made possible by integrating three technologies, namely global positioning system (GPS, database technologies such as geographic information system (GIS and mobile telecommunications technologies such as general packet radio service (GPRS. This paper has proposed a vehicle tracking mechanism based on GPS tracker to build a real-time traffic information system. A GPS server is built to process data of position and speed of the vehicle for further processed into vehicle traffic information. The Server and GPS tracker is designed to communicate using GPRS services in real time. Furthermore, the server processes the data from the GPS tracker into traffic information such as traffic jam, dense, medium and smoothly. Test results showed that the GPS server is able to visualize the real position of the vehicle and is able to decide the category of traffic information in real time.

  15. Cruz y raya en los libros: Junio de 1967

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1967-06-01

    Full Text Available STOKES, Sewell. Mas allá del Bien y del Mal; basada en la vida de Oscar Wilde. Buenos Aires, Kraft, 1965 271 p. He aquí una novela que no es una biografía, y he aquí, igualmente una biografía que no es una novela. Es decir, a una especie de centauro literario, cuyo caballo no corresponde rigurosamente a la especie equina, porque tiene una parte humana. Y viceversa.

  16. Cruz y raya en los libros: Marzo de 1967

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1967-03-01

    Full Text Available Bogotá, Instituto de Especialización Técnica en el Exterior. Recursos y requerimientos de personal de alto nivel, Colombia 1964-1975. Bogotá: Talleres Gráficos del Banco de la República. 246 p.

  17. Signage dan Penerapannya: Lingkungan Jalan Raya Tol Bintaro

    OpenAIRE

    Dyah Gayatri Puspitasari; Andreas James Darmawan

    2013-01-01

    The term signage sometimes has been confused with the term sign or symbol, although the term signage is actually a theme which has consistency and also covers an area from a specific environment and mood. Signage has been designed to inform about location and direction of interior and exterior environment. In general, design system and the use of signage, such as graphic standard, material and the positioning, has been organized by international standardization from every country in the world...

  18. Cruz y raya en los libros: Noviembre de 1966

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1966-11-01

    Bogotá, Antares. Tercer Mundo, 1966. 208 p. Desde las páginas literarias de un periódico bogotano tuve la oportunidad de exponer varias ideas, hace poco, acerca de la situación del escritor colombiano actual. En mi entender, y después de señalar algunas de las circunstancias negativas que están incidiendo poderosamente en el oficio de escribir, debía llegar allí, como de hecho llegué, a obtener una conclusión definitiva.

  19. Cruz y raya en los libros: octubre de 1965

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1965-10-01

    Full Text Available El documento presenta las reseñas de los siguientes títulos: Beauvoir, Simone de. La fuerza de las cosas; traducción de Ezequiel Olaso. Buenos Aires, Suramericana, C 1964. 762 p. Currier, Lauchlim. Ensayos sobre planeación, introducción a una teoría de desarrollo conocida como Operación Colombia; prólogo de Virgilio Barco. Bogotá, Ediciones Tercer Mundo, 1965. 222 p. Jones, Joseph Marion. ¿La sobrepoblación significa pobreza? Washington, Center for International Economic Growth, 1962. A cabeza de título: "Los hechos acerca del crecimiento de la población y el desarrollo económico".

  20. Signage dan Penerapannya: Lingkungan Jalan Raya Tol Bintaro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Gayatri Puspitasari

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The term signage sometimes has been confused with the term sign or symbol, although the term signage is actually a theme which has consistency and also covers an area from a specific environment and mood. Signage has been designed to inform about location and direction of interior and exterior environment. In general, design system and the use of signage, such as graphic standard, material and the positioning, has been organized by international standardization from every country in the world. One of the most important categories of signage is the application of signage in highways. The study is about signage from historical background, category, color scheme, design and human factor approach; from psychological physics, social culture, to the connectivity with the value and products characteristic. Human factor comprehension is also one of the most important elements in signage design process. Each perspective or perception from highway user and their reaction about the signage has been conditioned by a specific characteristic of human, such as from biophysics-psyche, socio-culture, spiritual cosmologis transcendental with its five senses. Human factor as a user has an important role to obtain the best solution or good design solution for the community who use that signage.

  1. Cruz y raya en los libros: Agosto de 1967

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1967-08-01

    Full Text Available Salinas, Pedro. La responsabilidad del escritor. Editorial Seix Barral. Barcelona, 1964. 269 p. No hace mucho un conocido político colombiano y, para mí, mucho mejor pensador, el señor Alfonso López Michelsen, en un "reportaje" ex- presó a Arturo A bella: "Hoy el político no es héroe nacional. Los héroes son Alvaro Pachón, Cochise, Rodrigo Uribe Echavarría, o Escalona. Ellos son los taquilleros". Y por esos mismos días Edgar Gaviria, un joven dibujante de retorcida pluma que destila un excelente humor negro, confesaba sin romperse ni mancharse: " ( ... me parece absurdo cantar en público y protestar por cosas que me son indiferentes o no creo; como son el patriotismo, la moral estoica y la guerra de oriente".

  2. Cruz y raya en los libros: Octubre de 1966

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1966-10-01

    Full Text Available DODDS, E . R. Los griegos y lo irracional. Madrid, Revista de Occidente, 1960. 290 p. Solía escribir Giovanni Papini unas pequeñas notas provocadoras, violentas y, como casi todo lo de él, a la postre igualmente ruidosas y apasionadas. Pues este florentino original fue, tómesele por donde se le tome, un hombre de grandes, de extraordinarios ardores.

  3. Cruz y raya en los libros: Abril de 1966

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1966-04-01

    Full Text Available PERICO RAMIREZ, MARIO. De la entraña a la piel. Introducción de Eduardo Mendoza Varela. Tunja. Fondo Rotatorio de Publicaciones de la Contraloría Departamental. 1966, 246 p. He aquí un libro en extremo individual porque todo cuanto dice es algo personal, en el sentido de que si bien en ninguna parte nos cuenta hechos de la propia vida del autor, con vehemente intensidad, en cambio, nos describe, nos deja ver puro desnudo su yo temperamental. Mejor aún: nos lo avienta apostrofador e increpante.

  4. KOLEKSI TUMBUHAN TERANCAM KEPUNAHAN DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yayan Wahyu Candra Kusuma

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia possesses 386 plant species that are categorized as threatened. Dipterocarpaceae contributes the largest number, reaching 36.79 % of the total threatened plant species, followed by Myristicaceae (13.73 % and Nepenthaceae (6.99%. Of these 386 threatened species, 29.27 % are critically endangered, 17.88% are endangered, and 52.85 % are vulnerable. Bogor Botanic Garden recently maintains 68 threathened plant species if Orchidaceae and Nepenthaceae members are not included on the list. Two species have been regarded as extinct, namely Dipterocarpus cinereus and Calamus spectabilis, while two other species are regarded as extinct in the wild (Mangifera casturi, and Mangifera rubropetala. This information can be useful for everyone for different purposes, especially for those who concern in the conservation of threatened plant species in Indonesia.

  5. Cruz y raya en los libros: Mayo de 1966

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1966-05-01

    Full Text Available RIVERO, MARIO. Poemas urbanos. Bogotá, Antares-Tercer Mundo S. A., 1966, 109 páginas. En un libro sobre Grecia y Roma, pero no de la Grecia y de la Roma gigantescas, herméticas y marmóreas, sino de las cotidianas, íntimas y no pocas veces prosaicas, a las cuales convergen sus hombres con sus amores y odios, sin aquel hieratismo escultórico de la gran historia, Eduardo Schwartz - "autor de la más lograda generación de filólogos"- nos habla del mimos.

  6. Cruz y raya en los libros: enero de 1966

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1966-01-01

    Full Text Available -SMITH, Adam. Investigación sobre la naturaleza y causas de la riqueza de las naciones. Edición de Edwin Cannan con introducción de Max Lerner. México, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1958. 917 p. -BARRERA, Rafael. Aspectos de la reforma agraria en Colombia; antecedentes, progreso y comentarios. México, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales. Universidad Nacional, pág. 185. -Seminario sobre problemas de Urbanización en América Latina. Santiago de Chile. Documentos del seminario sobre problemas de urbanización en América Latina, patrocinado conjuntamente por la ONU, la CEPAL y la OEA; edición por Philip M. Hauser. 340 págs.

  7. KONTINUITAS DAN PERUBAHAN MAKNA LAGU KEBANGSAAN INDONESIA RAYA

    OpenAIRE

    Wisnu Mintargo

    2012-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to analyze function of “heroic” Indonesia songs related to the struggle for Indonesian independence ( from 1945 to 1949) from a historical perspective. Through this analysis it is hoped that the process of the past, particularly the history of music development in Indonesia and the background of the use of the “heroic”Indonesia songs, can be reconstructed. Important aspects of Indonesian songs, as this paper shows, include a constructive function for ceremo...

  8. 7. I kell 18 avatakse Pärnu Muuseumi Aidas...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Urmas Viigi juhendatud EKA graafikaüliõpilaste tööde näitus, toimuvad ka Pink Pungi, Ernest Truely, Lexxxa, Ville-Karel Viirelaiu, Egle Veske, Remo Randveri, Toomas Kuusingu, Meeland Sepa, Sorge, Sirami (Mari Kartau), Billeneeve, Tanel Saare performance'id

  9. Single Particle Soot Photometer intercomparison at the AIDA chamber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Laborde

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Soot particles, consisting of black carbon (BC, organic carbon (OC, inorganic salts, and trace elements, are emitted into the atmosphere during incomplete combustion. Accurate measurements of atmospheric BC are important as BC particles cause adverse health effects and impact the climate.

    Unfortunately, the accurate measurement of the properties and mass concentrations of BC particles remains difficult. The Single Particle Soot Photometer (SP2 can contribute to improving this situation by measuring the mass of refractory BC in individual particles as well as its mixing state.

    Here, the results of the first detailed SP2 intercomparison, involving 6 SP2s from 6 different research groups, are presented, including the most evolved data products that can presently be calculated from SP2 measurements.

    It was shown that a detection efficiency of almost 100% down to 1 fg BC per particle can readily be achieved, and that this limit can be pushed down to ∼0.2 fg BC with optimal SP2 setup. Number and mass size distributions of BC cores agreed within ±5% and ±10%, respectively, in between the SP2s, with larger deviations in the range below 1 fg BC.

    The accuracy of the SP2's mass concentration measurement depends on the calibration material chosen. The SP2 has previously been shown to be equally sensitive to fullerene soot and ambient BC from sources where fossil fuel was dominant and less sensitive to fullerene soot than to Aquadag. Fullerene soot was therefore chosen as the standard calibration material by the SP2 user community; however, many data sets rely solely on Aquadag calibration measurements. The difference in SP2 sensitivity was found to be almost equal (fullerene soot to Aquadag response ratio of ∼0.75 at 8.9 fg BC for all SP2s. This allows the calculation of a fullerene soot equivalent calibration curve from a measured Aquadag calibration, when no fullerene soot calibration is available. It could be shown that this approach works well for all SP2s over the mass range of 1–10 fg. This range is suitable for typical BC mass size distributions in the ambient air far from sources.

    The number size distribution of purely scattering particles optically measured by the 6 SP2s also agreed within 15%. Measurements of the thickness of non-refractory coatings (i.e. product from α-pinene ozonolysis on the BC particles, relying on BC mass optical size and on an additional particle position measurement, also compared well (within ±17%. The estimated coating thickness values were consistent with thermo-optical analysis of OC and elemental carbon (EC content, though absolutely accurate values cannot be expected given all the assumptions that have to be made regarding refractive index, particle morphology, etc.

    This study showed that the SP2 provides accurate and reproducible data, but also that high data quality is only achieved if the SP2 is carefully tuned and calibrated. It has to be noted that the agreement observed here does not account for additional variability in output data that could result from the differences in the potentially subjective assumptions made by different SP2 users in the data processing.

  10. TREATMENT OF ACUTE PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA WITH AIDA BASED REGIMEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramzi Jeddi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In Tunisia, the ATRA era began in 1998 with the use, consecutively, of two regimens combining ATRA and an anthracycline with cytarabine (APL93, and without cytarabine (LPA99. From 2004, 51 patients with confirmed APL either by t(15;17 or PML/RARA were treated according to the PETHEMA LPA 99 trial. Forty three patients achieved CR (86%. The remaining seven patients had early death (one died before treatment onset: four caused by differentiation syndrome (DS and three died from central nervous system hemorrhage. Multivariate analysis revealed that female gender (P=0.045, baseline WBC> 10 G/L ( P=0.041 and serum creatinine > 1.4mg/dl ( P=0.021 were predictive of mortality during induction. DS was observed in 16 patients (32% after a median onset time of 15 days from treatment onset (range, 2–29. Body mass index ≥ 30 (P=0.01 was the only independent predictor of DS. Occurrence of hypertensive peaks significantly predicted occurrence of DS (P=0.011 and was significantly associated with high BMI (p=0.003. With a median follow-up of 50 months, 5 year cumulative incidence of relapse, event free and overall survival were 4.7%, 74% and 78%, respectively.

  11. Single Particle Soot Photometer intercomparison at the AIDA chamber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Laborde

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Soot particles, consisting of black carbon (BC, organic carbon (OC, inorganic salts, and trace elements, are emitted into the atmosphere during incomplete combustion. Accurate measurements of atmospheric BC are important as BC particles cause adverse health effects and impact the climate.

    Unfortunately, the accurate measurement of the properties and mass concentrations of BC particles remains difficult. The Single Particle Soot Photometer (SP2 can contribute to improving this situation by measuring the mass of refractory BC in individual particles as well as its mixing state.

    Here, the results of the first detailed SP2 intercomparison, involving 6 SP2s from 6 different research groups, are presented, including the most evolved data products that can presently be calculated from SP2 measurements.

    It was shown that a detection efficiency of almost 100% down to 1 fg BC per particle can readily be achieved, and that this limit can be pushed down to ~0.3 fg BC with optimal SP2 setup. Number and mass size distributions of BC cores agreed within ±5% and ±10%, respectively, in between the SP2s, with larger deviations in the range below 1 fg BC.

    The accuracy of the SP2's mass concentration measurement depends on the calibration material chosen. The SP2 has previously been shown to be equally sensitive to fullerene soot and ambient BC from sources where fossil fuel were dominant and less sensitive to fullerene soot than to Aquadag. Fullerene soot was therefore chosen as the standard calibration material by the SP2 user community, however many datasets rely solely on Aquadag calibration measurements. The difference in SP2 sensitivity was found to be almost equal (fullerene soot to Aquadag response ratio of ~0.75 at 8.9 fg BC for all SP2s. This allows the calculation of a fullerene soot equivalent calibration curve from a measured Aquadag calibration, when no fullerene soot calibration is available. It could be shown that this approach works well for all SP2s over the mass range of 1–10 fg. This range is suitable for typical BC mass distributions in the ambient air far from sources.

    The number size distribution of purely scattering particles optically measured by the 6 SP2s also agreed within 15%. Measurements of the thickness of non-refractory coatings (i.e. product from α-pinene ozonolysis on the BC particles, relying on BC mass, optical size and on an additional particle position measurement, compared also well (within ±17%. The estimated coating thickness values were consistent with thermo-optical analysis of OC and EC content, though absolutely accurate values cannot be expected given all the assumptions that have to be made regarding refractive index, particle morphology etc.

    This study showed that the SP2 provides accurate and reproducible data but also that high data quality is only achieved if the SP2 is carefully tuned and calibrated.

  12. Aguirre environmental studies, Jobos Bay, Puerto Rico. Volume 2. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1975-06-01

    The following appendices to volume I are presented: biomass of dominant microzooplankton; biomass of zooplankton in surface waters of Jobos Bay; comparison of zooplankton caught during day and night; variations in surface temperature and salinity at collection sites; distance, depth, and temperature related to dominant vegetation and sea grass; total biomass of Thalassia testudium; photosynthetic pigment diversity; invertebrate species and frequency of occurrence; distribution of macrobenthic organisms; species found on mangrove roots; distribution of fish species; and seasonal occurrence of fish species. (HLW)

  13. ESI-PR63, Central Aguirre, Puerto Rico 2000 (Environmental Sensitivity Index Map)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) maps are an integral component in oil-spill contingency planning and assessment. They serve as a source of information in the...

  14. [The molecular diagnosis of hereditary diseases. In memoriam Dr. Eduardo Aguirre Pequeño].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrera Saldaña, H A; Rojas Martínez, A; Rivera Pérez, J A; Vázquez Alemán, R M; González Garay, M L

    1992-01-01

    Accordingly, we have established in our unit a DNA diagnosis laboratory and have started molecular genetics and epidemiological studies of several inherited diseases. We have started with cystic fibrosis, muscular dystrophy and hemophilia A. We practice the molecular diagnosis with both, Southern transfer and the polymerase chain reaction, using either direct (detection of mutations) or indirect (restriction fragment length polymorphisms) approaches. With the studies we have so far carried out, we have been able to provide genetic counseling and gained valuable information on the type and frequency of mutation associated to these diseases in our region.

  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Fundamental parameters of Kepler stars (Silva Aguirre+, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva Aguirre, V.; Davies, G. R.; Basu, S.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.; Creevey, O.; Metcalfe, T. S.; Bedding, T. R.; Casagrande, L.; Handberg, R.; Lund, M. N.; Nissen, P. E.; Chaplin, W. J.; Huber, D.; Serenelli, A. M.; Stello, D.; van Eylen, V.; Campante, T. L.; Elsworth, Y.; Gilliland, R. L.; Hekker, S.; Karoff, C.; Kawaler, S. D.; Kjeldsen, H.; Lundkvist, M. S.

    2016-02-01

    Our sample has been extracted from the 77 exoplanet host stars presented in Huber et al. (2013, Cat. J/ApJ/767/127). We have made use of the full time-base of observations from the Kepler satellite to uniformly determine precise fundamental stellar parameters, including ages, for a sample of exoplanet host stars where high-quality asteroseismic data were available. We devised a Bayesian procedure flexible in its input and applied it to different grids of models to study systematics from input physics and extract statistically robust properties for all stars. (4 data files).

  16. La historia de Aguirre, contada por fray Pedro Simón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Rey Pereira

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Las Crónicas de Indias no se comprenden por entero como la mera respuesta a la pregunta básica "(Que pasó?", lo que asombra poco si recordamos con Roman Jakobson que un mensaje puede cumplir más de una función y, con Roland Barthes o Hayden White, que el lenguaje transparente de la historiografía tiene menos de transparente que de interesado. No es preciso insistir aquí en unas ideas que han sido ya expuestas casi a modo de sentencia: "el novelar y el historiar son equivalencias del tramar, es decir, de decisión poética”. La forma, ya que no del todo el pasado al que se refiere, queda a merced del historiador. Un unico suceso puede ser materia de múltiples relatos. El modo de contar reclama de por sí atención por venir colmado de significado, "excedente" de significado que emana de una construcción elegida y que permanece como un valor del texto, aun cuando el valor histórico se cuestione y se juzgue mínimo.

  17. PROBLEMATIKA ANAK MENJALANKAN IBADAH DALAM KELUARGA MULTI AGAMA DI KOTA PALANGKA RAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdanah Hamdanah

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Problems of humans vary considerably. One major problem concerns religion. Under a normal condition, one can observe religious rites properly. Problems arise, however, when one, especially children, lives in a family whose members practice different religions. This can be seen, for example, in many families in Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan. The decision to follow a particular religion and practice it in a multi religious family is challenging. There is a problem between the conscience to practice the religion in accordance to one’s own faith and the pressure to follow parents or foster parents who practice different religious. This article examines not only how adolescents choose their own religion but also how they practice religious rites in a multi religious families. Using qualitative-fenomenology approach, the data consitsed of ten families and were collected trough partipative observation and depth interview techniques. Findings show that adolescents have serious problems not only as to how they decide their own religion but also how they should observe their religious rituals. They felt confused, doubt, and event affraid of doing religious rites differently in such families. Findings also show that there are correlations between parents’ defferent religion and their low-motivation in religious activities and understanding religion.

  18. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMILIHAN RUTE JALAN RAYA BERDASARKAN PERILAKU PENGGUNA MENGGUNAKAN ANT-COLONY OPTIMIZATION (ACO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joko Siswanto

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the election of the road network usually use road network system optimization considerations with aggregative behavior by determining the shortest route or the lowest cost. Determinants of consumer behavior in route selection and decision-making of the most dominant (disaggregated. Route selection optimization model based on user behavior can be implemented from the results of model development preference with Conjoint analysis. Preferences user behavior seems, is directly proportional to the convenience, the crowd, the facilities, the ease, safety, and inversely proportional to the density. Route selection optimization model with the development of ant-colony optimization formula can be applied with the substitution probability of interaction and preferences as well as the network models incorporate the concept of route selection based on consumer behavior and the physical condition of the network.

  19. Ideals without heat Indonesia Raya and the struggle for independence in Malaya, 1920—1948

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byungkuk Soh

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Kajian ini ditujukan untuk menemukan pemahaman perkembangan kesadaran nasional bangsa Melayu dalam mencapai kemerdekaan bangsa Melayu. Di dalamnya dikaji muncul dan berkembangnya kelompok-kelompok intelektual baru Melayu yang memiliki daya desak di balik perkembangan pergerakan kemerdekaan Melayu. Tahun 1920-an dianggap sebagai awal perkembangan kesadaran nasional bangsa Melayu. Dalam periode itu kelompok sosial baru, yaitu kaum agamawan terdidik, intelektual terdidik Melayu, dan intelektual terdidik Inggris, muncul di luar hierarki Melayu tradisional dan mulai menampilkan cita-cita sosiopolitis yang berdampak besar pada pembentukan bangsa Malaya, yang kemudian menjadi Malaysia, hingga bergerak terus ke tahun 1948.

  20. BIOLOGI REPRODUKSI BUNGA Cassine koordersii Kostermans (Celastraceae KOLEKSI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Ardhianto

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A study on flower biology of Cassine koordersii Kostermans was carried out in the Bogor Botanic Garden on April — November 2002. The plant produces flowers in umbel inflorescences that open sequentially, starting from the lowest branch of the inflorescence. There is no spatial separation between the anther and the stigma, and the dispersal of highly viable pollen takes place within the period of stigma receptivity. The flowers also show some characters of entomophily. Visitor insects are flies (ordo Diptera, family Syrphidae and Tachinidae and ants (ordo Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. In general, the morphological and phenological characteristics of the flower allow self pollination to occur successfully. Floral assessment using Cruden's Outcrossing Index showed that the flower is self-compatible.

  1. ANALISIS PERILAKU KONSUMEN DALAM KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIAN SEPEDA MOTOR PADA MAHASISWA SE-MALANG RAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asna Asna

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of motor vehicle industries especially motorcycle industries is an interesting phenomenon. Since the economic of Indonesia was declined, motorcyle industries indicated the improvment of sales. This research is trying to see the impact of the stimulus towards the customer purchase decision, when they buy motorcyle. It was sutdy on the University sudents  in Malang. The customer behavior is studied from the factors influencing that behavior, such as social, personal, psychological and cultural factors, whereas the customer purchase decision is studied from the decision making process, which is decided into fully planned purchases. The result of the research, which is taken from 100 respondents, shows that cultural, psychological and factors have positive influences sifnificantly towards the customer purchase decision. Whereas, from social and personal factors, it has no influences on the customer purchase decision.

  2. VISUALISASI 3 DIMENSI TUMBUHAN LANGKA DI PUSAT KONSERVASI TUMBUHAN KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubil

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Plants are an important part of the cycle of life, but often overlooked by human existence. Lots of plants are on the verge of extinction so it is difficult to see their figures. Many efforts have been done by agencies to preserve the rare plant. With the 3-dimensional visualization that replaces the figures of the ungrowing plants, the authors intend to make a 3D prototype application of rare plant encyclopedia. The goal is to simplify the users, especially visitors of Plant Conservation Center Library to see 3-dimensional model of rare plants. The application is created through several stages of research, including field observations and interviews, library research, and related researches. Vaughan multimedia development is implemented for system development which has 4 stages. First is planning by searching target audiences, and making design concept of and navigation concept. Next is design and production phase using 5 activities such as storyboard, flowchart, interface design, content search and production. Alpha and Beta testing is used as the testing phase. The last is the multiplication and distribution phase of application deployment. This application can allow users to search for information about the world of plants. For further development of the process, the application is expected to run in a web-based media to be accessible by public.

  3. Analisis Perhitungan Jembatan Gelagar I pada Jembatan Jalan Raya dan Jembatan Kereta Api

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irpan Hidayat

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The bridge is a means of connecting roads which is disconnected by barriers of the river, valley, sea, road or railway. Classified by functionality, bridges can be divided into highway bridge and railroad bridge. This study discusses whether the use of I-girder with 210 m height can be used on highway bridges and railway bridges. A comparison is done on the analysis of bridge structure calculation of 50 m spans and loads used in both the function of the bridge. For highway bridge, loads are grouped into three, which are self-weight girder, additional dead load and live load. The additional dead loads for highway bridge are plate, deck slab, asphalt, and the diaphragm, while for the live load is load D which consists of a Uniform Distributed Load (UDL and Knife Edge Load (KEL based on "Pembebanan Untuk Jembatan RSNI T-02-2005". The load grouping for railway bridge equals to highway bridge. The analysis on the railway bridges does not use asphalt, and is replaced with a load of ballast on the track and the additional dead load. Live load on the structure of the railway bridge is the load based on Rencana Muatan 1921 (RM.1921. From the calculation of the I-girder bridge spans 50 m and girder height 210 cm for railway bridge, the stress on the lower beam is over the limit stress allowed. These results identified that the I-girder height 210 cm at the railway bridge has not been able to resist the loads on the railway bridge.

  4. Birds Communities at Mangrove of Batu Ampar, Kubu Raya District, West Kalimantan Province

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    Jarwadi Budi Hernowo

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Batu Ampar mangrove is an important bird habitat especially for birds which have relation to mangrove ecosystem in West Kalimantan. The research was conducted in February to March 2007, at mangrove Batu Ampar demo site. Sampling was done to get representative area for bird survey. The 19 transects were chosen as sampling site to collect bird data such as species and number of individual. Bird surveys were carried out using Reconnaissance method and index point of abundance (IPA count method. The length of each transect was approximately 500 m. The results showed that the bird community's structure dominated by insectivorous birds represented approximately 60 % of total bird's species at mangrove Batu Ampar demo site. The abundance numbers of the individual with the bird's species has relation pattern like J opposite. Percentage of dominant bird species was approximately 11%, those are such as stork billed kingfisher, white-collared kingfisher, common iora, chestnuts-rumped babbler, Strip-Tit Babbler, magpie robin, ashy tailorbird, mangrove blue flycatcher, pied fantail, mangrove whistler, Brown-throated Sunbird and Cooper-Throated Sunbird. Vertical structure of mangrove vegetation was used by birds at mangrove Batu Ampar demo site is mainly B stratum, and it used around 60% birds species. Based on dendrogram analysis there were 5 cluster birds species. The mangrove bird specialists found at sampling area were mangrove blue flycatcher and Cooper throated sunbird.

  5. Effect of Traffic Noise on Sleep: A Case Study in Serdang Raya, Selangor, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bavani Nadaraja

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Traffic noise has been recognised as a serious threat to the quality of life in most industrialised nations. The rapid growth of towns, cities and population has increased the density of traffic. There are various effects of traffic noise on people and these effects are often interrelated. The most common yet serious problem is sleep disturbance. In this study field measurement and questionnaire survey were carried out to determine the overall noise level and the view and opinion of the residents on their sleep disturbance. As the LAeq was higher than the guideline values, contradictorily the survey results showed that most of the residents sleep time was not affected and they were not really annoyed by the traffic noise. This is mainly because most of the residents at the study area residing there for more than 19 years and this is sufficient enough to describe the pattern of outcome where most of the residents were get used with the traffic noise and they adapt it in their daily life as a norm. Yet, countermeasures such as construction of noise barrier are highly recommended to curb the chronic effects. So, a further study is required to establish this.

  6. Vegetation analysis of spermatophyte in Taman Hutan Raya (Tahura Seulawah, Aceh Besar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DJUFRI

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to inventory of plant species, determine rank taxonomy of species, and to give information quantitative value of taxa for vegeta¬tion analysis. About 5 hectare of the Tahura region is belong to Inhutani IV Company, was chosen as research population of this study. Two and half of hectare (2,5 ha of this region used as a observed area. The data was collected by transec and quadratic method. The observed area it was took 10 transec with 250 m of long for observed stations. Each observed station was put six quadratic sampels syste¬matically. Each quadratic sampels has a 2,5 m2 of width. The parameter search is the total species. The result of this study indicated that there were 66 species of the plant including 29 family. Diversity index was between 2.3896-3.4696, an evenness index was between 1.7331 unto 211.5479. Based on this data, it can be conducted that every family of the plant has a few species. The important value is relatively low on all stations observed. So that there is no evident showing, any dominant species of the plant in observed area. Diversity index was categorized medium (> 2 - 4. Diversity index can be used as indicator were the vegetation succession. Evenness index of each station was relatively low, because sum of species were varied. Similarity index was below 50%. The differences might be the results of several factors including variety of physical environment, chemical content of soil, and interaction inter species in observed area.

  7. Design Specifications for the Advanced Instructional Design Advisor (AIDA). Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    The diverter valve is not! oasitioned provertv. Blocked Air Duct The hose from the compresor to the aircraft may be blocked or kinked. thus...overtemperature, overspeed, smoke/fumes, oil system, generator, hydraulic system, compressor stall , engine flameout (requires emergency procedures

  8. Aerosols in Danish air (AIDA). Mid-term report 2000-2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palmgren, F.; Waehlin, P.; Berkowicz, R.; Ketzel, M.; Illerup, J.B.; Nielsen, M.; Winther, M.; Glasius, M.; Jensen, B.

    2003-10-01

    In year 2000 the Danish Parliament decided to fund a four-year particle research programme, which should include characterization of physical and chemical properties of the particles in Denmark and their sources and also assess the adverse health effects and the socio-economic impact in the Danish society. The overall objective of the particle programme is to provide new and broader knowledge in Denmark on the health effect of atmospheric particles with the aim to develop strategies to reduce the adverse health effect of man-made and natural sources. The activities should be closely related to other activities in Denmark and internationally. Specifically National Environmental Research Institute (NERI) shall investigate emissions, size distributions, chemical composition, transformation and dispersion of particles. The present report is the mid-term report on the activities at NERI, and is a summary oef the experimental results, analysis of particle in relation to sources - especially road traffic - and the papers published in connection with the programme. (au)

  9. Numerical simulations of homogeneous freezing processes in the aerosol chamber AIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Haag

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available The homogeneous freezing of supercooled H2SO4/H2O aerosols in an aerosol chamber is investigated with a microphysical box model using the activity parameterization of the nucleation rate by Koop et al (2000. The simulations are constrained by measurements of pressure, temperature, total water mixing ratio, and the initial aerosol size distribution, described in a companion paper Möhler et al. (2002. Model results are compared to measurements conducted in the temperature range between 194 and 235 K, with cooling rates in the range between 0.5 and 2.6 K min-1, and at air pressures between 170 and 1000 hPa. The simulations focus on the time history of relative humidity with respect to ice, aerosol size distribution, partitioning of water between gas and particle phase, onset times of freezing, freezing threshold relative humidities, aerosol chemical composition at the onset of freezing, and the number of nucleated ice crystals. The latter three parameters can directly be inferred from the experiments, the former three aid in interpreting the measurements. Sensitivity studies are carried out to address the relative importance of uncertainties of basic quantities such as temperature, H2O mixing ratio, aerosol size spectrum, and deposition coefficient of H2O molecules on ice. The ability of the numerical simulations to provide detailed explanations of the observations greatly increases confidence in attempts to model this process under real  atmospheric conditions, for instance with regard to the formation of cirrus clouds or type-II polar stratospheric clouds, provided that accurate temperature and humidity measurements are available.

  10. Numerical simulations of homogeneous freezing processes in the aerosol chamber AIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Haag

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The homogeneous freezing of supercooled H2SO4/H2O aerosols in an aerosol chamber is investigated with a microphysical box model using the activity parameterization of the nucleation rate by Koop et al. (2000. The simulations are constrained by measurements of pressure, temperature, total water mixing ratio, and the initial aerosol size distribution, described in a companion paper Möhler et al. (2003. Model results are compared to measurements conducted in the temperature range between 194 and 235 K, with cooling rates in the range between 0.5 and 2.6 K min-1, and at air pressures between 170 and 1000 hPa. The simulations focus on the time history of relative humidity with respect to ice, aerosol size distribution, partitioning of water between gas and particle phase, onset times of freezing, freezing threshold relative humidities, aerosol chemical composition at the onset of freezing, and the number of nucleated ice crystals. The latter four parameters can be inferred from the experiments, the former three aid in interpreting the measurements. Sensitivity studies are carried out to address the relative importance of uncertainties of basic quantities such as temperature, total H2O mixing ratio, aerosol size spectrum, and deposition coefficient of H2O molecules on ice. The ability of the numerical simulations to provide detailed explanations of the observations greatly increases confidence in attempts to model this process under real atmospheric conditions, for instance with regard to the formation of cirrus clouds or polar stratospheric ice clouds, provided that accurate temperature and humidity measurements are available.

  11. Where Have All the Aidas Gone? The Crisis in Opera Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Conrad L.

    1979-01-01

    The author criticizes the institutons of opera education by delineating the inadequate performance skills often found in their graduates. He makes suggestions for change in opera training systems and professional standards. Part of a theme issue on opera. (SJL)

  12. Pärnu Kontserdimaja : Pärnu, Aida tn. 4 / Katrin Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koov, Katrin, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Projekteerija: COO Arhitektid. Arhitektid-sisekujundajad Hanno Grossschmidt, Kaire Nõmm, Katrin Koov. Konstruktor: Inseneribüroo Pike OÜ. Projekt: jaanuar 2002, valmis: november 2002. I ja II korruse plaan, 2 välis- ja 3 sisevaadet

  13. Tallinna Linnateater : Aida 2; Lai tn. 19; 21; 23 / Kalle Rõõmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõõmus, Kalle, 1955-

    2000-01-01

    Eesmärgiks oli luua teater läbi kogu hoonestuse. Peaprojekteerija RUPI EE, AS Arhitektuuribüroo Kalle Rõõmus (alates 1993). Arhitekt Kalle Rõõmus, kaasa töötas Kaja Kõiv, sisekujundajad Jüri Kermik, Argo ja Katrin Vaikla (viimasel etapil). Teatritehnoloogia: Mikko Hausman Soomest. Ehitajad: Remet, Restor, Estconde-E. Projekteerimine algas 1986, tööd lõppesid 1999. 7 ill.: I korruse plaan, makett, välisvaade, 4 sisevaadet

  14. FENOMENA PERBEDAAN TINGKAT KEBISINGAN PADA 2 UNIT RUANG TIDUR: STUDI KASUS RUMAH TINGGAL PENELITI DI TEPI JALAN RAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gatot Suharjanto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Resting is essential to restore the freshness of body both physically and mentally. To optimally gain freshness quality depends on a conducive and comfortable atmosphere during resting time. Architecture also makes convenience factor as a basis for managing comfort zones as classification placement for room specification. One convenience aspect to consider is the noise level, so it is natural that the resting room (bedroom is placed in zones that are considered quiet, away from the noise level. Theoretically, noise is getting weaker as the sound source distance is getting further. Sound source will also propagate or bounce on a specific object. On contrary, in this case (at the researchers residential, the rooms closer to the sound source are even have lower noise levels due to the lower position and barrier block.

  15. ANALISIS DAMPAK PELAKSANAAN CAR FREE DAY DI KOTA DENPASAR Studi kasus: Jalan Raya Puputan Niti Mandala Renon

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    Ni Putu Decy Arwini

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Renon area is the center of the goverment system of Bali province. As one of the main street in Denpasar city, this street can represent the characteristics of Denpasar city which is the Car Free Day  was held in in every Sunday morning in this street, as a simple way to reduce the air pollution and noise. The calculation in this journal is road performance, air pollution and noise level for 2 condition that is in Car Free Day and in working day. From the calculation result of road performance, the capacity of the street is 4.110 pcu/hour with degree of saturation is 0,8. The level of street service is on D category where the flow is almost unstable with high volume of traffic. The traffic volume is mostly reached the capacity and delay is frequently occur in this street. The measurement process of the level of air pollution showed that from six parameter which tested were over all are still under the standard quality which is allowed as good and medium category. The Sulfur dioksida (SO2 which was measured in busy day showed the improvement about 6,78% from the measurement which is done in Car Free Day. The nitrogen dioksida showed the improvement for about 36,35% , the carbon monoksida also showed the improvement for about 366,25%, the total dust had the greatest improvement  for about  599,95% or six time greater rather than the level of total dust in Car Free Day. In the other hand, oxidantshowed the improvement for about 28,75%.The noises which occured in Car Free Day showed  the average level of dB(Ais 61,65 whereas in workdays showed 72,77 dB(A. At 07.30 until 07.45  in the morning , the maximum level of noises occurs in Car Free Day and in work day. The noises improvement which occured when the Car Free Day was held with workday is about 19,17%.

  16. RANCANGAN TEMPAT DAN GEROBAK SAMPAH UNTUK PERBAIKAN SISTEM PENGUMPULAN SAMPAH DI TAMAN HUTAN RAYA (TAHURA IR. H. DJUANDA

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    Catharina Badra Nawangpalupi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tahura Juanda (Tahura is a forest park located between the city of Bandung, West Bandung Regency and Regency Bandung. It has a role to preserve the city environment.  Number of visitors in Tahura made the Tahura need to have a good waste management system.  Optimal waste management system can be achieved, if garbage collection and removal equipment work well, such is the place and garbage carts. Based on observation, the condition of the premises and garbage carts are less good. Therefore, it is needed to redesign the place and garbage carts through the whole process of product development. The study was conducted by identifying the needs of the janitor, Tahura management staff, and visitors. Identifications produce seven types of trash and five types garbage carts requirements, which will be the basis in developing the concept. The process of developing the concept of trash and garbage carts done using a combination tables and SCAMPER process. All concepts are selected by screening matrix concept and assessment concepts, to pick the concept of trash and garbage cart.

  17. Lista patrón de los tiburones, rayas y quimeras (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii, Holocephali de México

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    Del Moral-Flores, L. F.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Checklist of sharks, rays and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii, Holocephali from Mexico We present an annotated checklist of the species of sharks, rays and chimaeras (chondrichthyan fishes occurring in Mexican waters, based on a thorough review of the literature and electronic database searches, examination of museum collection specimens, and unpublished records obtained during fieldwork conducted in the last four years. The checklist contains information of at least 214 species of chondrichthyan fishes that occur in Mexican marine and brackish waters, assigned to 84 genera, 40 families and 14 orders. It includes eight species of chimaeras, 95 batoids and 111 sharks. Condrichthyan fauna in Mexico is one of the richest in the world, with almost 17.3% of the known species. An additional 16 species are included as their occurrence in Mexican marine waters is probable according to distributional patterns.

  18. Anatomía del corazón y las arterias branquiales aferentes de las rayas (Chondrichthyes: Batoidea)

    OpenAIRE

    Abraham Kobelkowsky

    2012-01-01

    Se selecionó el corazón y el sistema branquial aferente de Dasyatis sabina como patrón morfológico de los Batoidea. Se compararon las cámaras del corazón y la ramificación de la aorta ventral en las arterias branquiales aferentes con las correspondientes de especies representativas de otras familias de batoideos, tales como: Narcine brasiliensis (Narcinidae), Rhinobatos lentiginosus (Rhinobatidae), Raja texana (Rajidae), Urobatis jamaicensis (Urolophidae), Gymnura micrura (Gymnuridae) y Mylio...

  19. KAJIAN EKONOMI KONSTRUKSI PERKERASAN LENTUR DAN KONSTRUKSI PERKERASAN KAKU (STUDI KASUS JALAN RAYA PKT.EBL-02 TOHPATI - KUSAMBA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hevie Tri Hary Astuti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This study takes the case PKT. EBL highway Tohpati – 02 – Kusamba.The purpose of this study was to conduct economic studies flexible pavement and rigid pavement based on primary data and secondary data obtained from government agencies, the analysis in this study using the methode of costs and benefits. For flexible pavement; assuming traffic growth factor of 3.66%, inflation at 5.68% and the interest rate of 15% / year, 25% / year and 30% / year, and the fluctuating value of IRI. The results obtained for the 15% interest rate per year is NPV = Rp. 98,517,603,656, -, BCR = 1.42; interest rate to 25% per year is NPV = Rp. (65,520,977,844, -, BCR = 0.96; interest rate to 30% per year is NPV = Rp. (69,846,272,752, -, BCR = 0.51, moderate IRR = 24.38%. It can be concluded that the Highway Pavement Bending PKT.EBL-02 Tohpati - Kusamba is economically feasible at the rate of 15% per year with an IRR above. For Rigid Pavement; assuming traffic growth factor of 3.66%, inflation at 5.68% and the interest rate of 15% / year, 25% / year and 30% / year, and the value of IRI stable. The results obtained for the 15% interest rate per year is NPV = Rp. 159 515 604 651, -, BCR = 2.20; interest rate to 25% per year is NPV = Rp. 2068846698, -, BCR = 1.01; interest rate to 30% per year is NPV = Rp. (65,250,533,141, -, BCR = 0.51, moderate IRR = 25.15%. It can be concluded that the Rigid Pavement on Highway-02 PKT.EBL Tohpati - Kusamba is economically feasible at the rate of 15% per annum and 25% per year with an IRR above. In the concluding remarks of the above where rigid pavement IRR greater than the flexible pavement, the results of the economic analysis of this study is that the rigid pavement is more profitable than the flexible pavement.

  20. Las investigaciones sobre turismo de observación de tiburones y rayas en España

    OpenAIRE

    Raquel de la Cruz Modino

    2011-01-01

    Recientemente se han presentaron los resultados de los proyectos "Study On Economic Benefits Of Shark Diving in Canary Islands (Part I)" y "Descripción e Impacto Económico de las Actividades de Buceo con Condrictios en Canarias"; ambos elaborados desde la Universidad de La Laguna (Tenerife, España) en colaboración con la consultora inglesa New Economics Foundation (NEF). Las labores de investigación incluyeron un análisis sobre los beneficios económicos que se podían vincular a la presencia d...

  1. Las investigaciones sobre turismo de observación de tiburones y rayas en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel De la Cruz Modino

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The results of the projects “Study on Economic Benefits of Shark Diving in Canary Islands (Part I” and “Overview and Economic Impact of the Activities of Diving with Chondrichthyan in Canary Islands” haven been recently presented. Both studies were developed at the University of La Laguna (Tenerife, Spain in collaboration with the English consulting New Economics Foundation (NEF. The research included the analysis of the economic benefits related with the presence of these animals and the development of diving activities, and about the attractiveness or interest of these animals for tourism. The final document, entitled “Diving with sharks and rays in Spain: Analysis of its potential in Spain and the economic benefits of the activity in the Canary Islands” (De la Cruz Modino, Esteban et al. 2010, defended the economic value of a variety of species of cartilaginous fish from a contemplative and non-extractive perspective.

  2. Rehabilitación de edificio de oficinas para la sede de Aguirre & Newman en el nº 23 de la calle General Lacy en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allende Gil de Biedma, Gabriel

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available The old Tabacalera (Spanish tobacco industry constructed at the end of XIX century. were rehabilitated for tertiary use, recuperating the original factory in order to prevent the spatial division. Circulations and evacuations were constructed trough the central patio -communicated with the IOW level- increasing the internal granite base. The original level was resolved through a perimetric footbridge. In the main building the original stair case was recuperated and the elevators were inserted in the patios. The installations were introduced in the under-cover.Se rehabilitan los antiguos almacenes de Tabacalera, de finales del S. XIX, para uso terciario recuperando el carácter de las naves que los conformaban y evitando su fraccionamiento espacial. Para ello se resuelven las circulaciones y evacuaciones a través del patio central, comunicándolo con el nivel inferior y aumentando la base interior de granito. El nivel original se formaliza mediante una pasarela perimetral. En el edificio principal se restituye la escalera y se resuelven los ascensores sobre los patios. Las instalaciones se introducen en el bajo-cubierta

  3. A preliminary assessment of asteroid shapes produced by impact disruption and re-creation: Application to the AIDA target.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnouin, Olivier; Michel, Patrick; Richardson, Derek

    2016-04-01

    In order to understand the origin of the 65803 Didymos, the target of the Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment mission, and gain insights on the origin and evolution of the asteroid's162173 Ryugu and 101955 Bennu, we investigate systematically the shapes of all re-accumulated fragments produced by the catastrophic disruption of a parent body that is 1 km in diameter or larger. These new fragments eventually become new asteroids of the size that current sample-return missions plan to explore. We choose a range of impact conditions by varying the parent bodies' strength, size and porosity, and the velocity and size of the projectile. Impact conditions range from near the catastrophic threshold, usually designated by Q*, where half of the target's mass escapes, to far greater values above this threshold. Our numerical investigations of the catastrophic disruption, which are undertaken using an SPH hydrocode, include a model of fragmentation for porous materials. The gravitationally dominated phase of reaccumulation of our asteroids is computed using the N-body code pkdgrav. At sufficiently slow impact speeds in the N-body model, particles are permitted to stick, forming irregular, competent pieces that can gather into non-idealized rubble piles as a result of re-accumulation. Shape and spin information of re-accumulated bodies are thus preserved. Due to numerical expense, this first study uses what we call a hard-sphere model, rather than a soft-sphere spring and dashpot model. This latter model is more commonly used in granular flow simulations for which detailed treatment of the multicontact physics is needed, which is not the case here, and comes at the expense of much smaller timesteps. With the hard-sphere model, there are three supported collision outcomes for bonded aggregates: sticking on contact (to grow the aggregate); bouncing (computed for these generally non-central impacts); and fragmentation (wherein the particles involved become detached from their respective aggregates and proceed to bounce as rigid spheres, possibly releasing more particles). We adjusted the strength of the forming aggregates to the measured strength of materials in the lab, scaled to the aggregate size, by using strength size scaling rules. In the future we expect to compare our hard-sphere models to a few soft-sphere for reasonable granular materials to best characterize differences between the two approaches, if any. Our results indicate that while 25143 Itokawa-like potato-shaped asteroids are typically the outcome of disruption, often more spherical or "top-shaped" asteroids can also be produced. Our results confirm what others have already noted, namely that a "top-shaped" or diamond shaped asteroid is not necessarily the result of the formation of YORP spin-up. Other criteria besides just shape need to be developed to determine whether or not the evolution of an asteroid and its surface geology have been dominated by YORP-related processes or by impact-derived re-accretion.

  4. Meet an Expert: Elmira M. Satbayeva and Aida M. Seytaliyeva «Combating Antibiotic Resistance...»

    OpenAIRE

    Gulder Nurzhankyzy; Alfiya Sabit

    2015-01-01

    Elmira M. Satbayeva is a Head of the Department of Pharmacology at Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University. She has been involved in research projects such as: «Access to drugs in the framework of globalization», «Development of nanoencapsulated form of effective antifungal agents controlled release and prolonged action», «Scientific and methodical support of the formation and development of translational medicine», «New strains of bacteria, promising to create drugs to prevent and tr...

  5. Gümnaasiumis õppivad venekeelsed noored / Margarita Kazjulja, Jelena Helemäe, Aida Hatšaturjan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kazjulja, Margarita, 1961-

    2013-01-01

    Uuringu raames toimunud rühmaintervjuudes otsiti vastuseid küsimustele, millisteks peetakse vene keelsete gümnaasiumis õppivate noorte haridusalaseid perspektiive ja millisteks hinnatakse venekeelsete noorte lõimumisperspektiive

  6. Opinion climates and immigrant political action: A cross-national study of 25 European democracies / Aida Just, Christopher J. Anderson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Just, Aida

    2014-01-01

    Artiklis esitatakse immigrantide poliitilise tegevuse mudel, mis ühendab individuaalse motivatsiooni olla poliitilised hõivatud kontekstiga, milles see tegevus leiab aset, aluseks 25 riigi (sh Eesti) Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmed aastatest 2002 kuni 2010

  7. Effectivity Of Agroedutourism To Strengthen Healthy Agro-Ecosystem Awareness Of Students In Some Elementary Schools In Malang Raya, East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanin Niswatul Fauziah

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to study the effectivity of agroedutourism to strengthen students’ environmental awareness, especially concerning on importance of rice organic farming system. Eighty three students were invited joining the program. They were the 5th grade of three elementary schools (SDN Ketawanggede 2, SDI Surya Buana and SDN Sumberngepoh 02. It was provided three agroedutourism programs, i.e. two outdoors programs (Farmers’ friends and enemies, Plants for biopesticide and natural attractant, as well as the indoor session called Healthy agroecosystem. Including the programs were joining ecoeco-games and tasting some food (steamed rice-bran brownies, organic red rice milk and zalacca fruits. Effectivity of the programs was evaluated using questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS program using Wilcoxon test (α=0,05. Results showed overall that the agroedutourism increased significantly students cognitive, affective and even their appreciation to agricultural environment. Students of SDN Sumberngepoh 02 showed a highest agro-environmental awareness. While, the highest cognitive improvement was gained by students of SDI Surya Buana (76%, followed by SDN Ketawanggede 2 (62% and SDN Sumberngepoh 02 (47%. The most interesting program was an outdoor namely Farmers’ friends and enemies, while they preferred a steamed rice-bran brownies than the other one. They were exciting joining some eco-games especially predator and prey as well as guest animal name and its role. It seemed that the outdoor programs were more appreciated rather than the indoor one. Keywords: Agroedutourism, awareness, effectivity, healthy agro-ecosystem

  8. Explorative study of tropical pitcher plants (Nepenthes sp.) types and insects that trapped inside in Sebangau National Park Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lestariningsih, Nanik; Setyaningsih, Denik

    2017-01-01

    Pitcher plants (Nepenthes sp.) is a plant with unique shape either of shades of colors, pouch shape and its capability in catching insects. Pitcher plant (Nepenthes sp.) is one of the plants that protected under Law Number. 5 of 1990 about Conservation of Biological Resources and Ecosystem and Government Regulation Number 7/1999 about Preservation of Plants and Animals. Sebangau National Park is one of representative of peat swamp ecosystem and one of some types of pitcher plants (Nepenthes sp.) habitat. This study aimed to determine the types and diversity levels of pitcher plants (Nepenthes sp.) and the trapped insects inside in Sebangau National and to determine the differences of diversity levels of pitcher plants (Nepenthes sp.) and the trapped insects inside in the opened and closed forest in Sebangau National Park. The research type was conducted descriptive qualitative research. The method used survey method with purpossive sampling technique.The result of the study the number of pitcher plants (Nepenthes sp.) obtained in opened forest were three types consist of Nepenthes mirabilis, Nepenthes rafflesiana and Nepenthes gracilis with two types insects trapped inside those were Diptera ordo and Hymenoptera ordo. While the number of pitcher plants (Nepenthes sp.) obtained in closed forest as many as two types consist of Nepenthes ampullaria and Nepenthes rafflesiana with two type insects trapped inside those were Diptera ordo and Hymenoptera ordo. The results of the analysis calculation pitcher plants (Nepenthes sp.) species diversity index in opened and closed forest showed lower category. The diversity in row were 1 and 0,45 with H’ criteria ≤ 1 low diversity. The results of the study of insects trapped inside of pitcher plants (Nepenthes sp.) obtained in opened and closed forest showed low category. The diversity in a row were 0,63 and 0,52 with the criteria of H’ ≤ 1 low diversity.

  9. KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS-JENIS TANAMAN KOLEKSI DI KEBUN RAYA PURWODADI, BALI DAN CIBODAS YANG DISERANG BENALU Dendrophthoe pentandra (L. Miq. (LORANTHACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunaryo Sunaryo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Botanic Garden represents an ecosystem area in which parasitic plants such as mistletoes are also incorporated. Mistletoe of Dendrophthoe pentandra (L. Miq. (Loranthaceae was a parasite of various plants cultivated in Botanic Gardens of Purwodadi, Bali, and Cibodas. The mistletoe attacked 143 host species which included in 48 plant families in those three Botanic Gardens. The most attacked host plants were belong to family Moraceae, especially Ficus spp., following by members of Myrtaceae, especially Syzygium spp. The ability to become parasite of various plants species assured that mistletoe of D. pentandra did not chosen certain host plants. The parasitic study of mistletoe D. pentandra is also reported in this paper.

  10. Hubungan Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Dengan Tindakan Perawatan Kehamilan Pada Ibu Hamil Yang Mengalami Abortus Spontan di Klinik Bidan Nerli Desa Sampe Raya Kecamatan Bahorok Kabupaten Langkat Tahun 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Silitonga, Nency Respina

    2014-01-01

    Abortion is one problem in reproduction in Indonesia even abortion is causal factor of blooding and maternal mortality. The care of pregnant woman is one of sustainable program during pregnancy, labor, delivery and partum that consist of education, screening, early detection, prevention, treatment, rehabilitation in order to provide the pregnant woman with safety and comfort that enable them to case their baby. This research aims to study a correlation of knowledge and attit...

  11. Perilaku Belanja Petani Tembakau Pasca Panen Raya Dan Implikasinya Terhadap Ketahanan Ekonomi Keluarga (Study Di Desa Campur Sari, Kecamatan Bulu, Kabupaten Temanggung, Propinsi Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deny Setiawan

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determined the effect of Farmer Behavior in spending money Post Harvest Tobacco toward the economic resilience viewpoint tobacco farmers in it. This research was a fi eld and descriptive. The study population was a tobacco farmer in the village environment Campursari which was only 3 miles from the Temanggung city center. The technique of sampling used purposive sampling method with the assumption that the population was bound by the context of a specific event, while taking a sample of 50 farmers. Data was collected through observation, interviews, and literature. Data was processed and analyzed by inductively qualitative and quantitative descriptive. The family economic resilience was measured based on the well-being of families, using the concept of the World Bank’s poverty income approach and the expenditure approach the Biro Pusat Statistik. Based on research, the existence of Harvest Tobacco on tobacco farming had a major role for the economy of farming families, including: (i provide accessibility productive arena that carried the values of equality; (ii be a leading contributor to the economy of farming families indicated by the high value of the contribution of revenue from the arena to the household income; (iii the existence of tobacco farming capable of be an alternative option for the people of the informal sector employment Temanggung. While constraints in the management of tobacco farming included weather problems, tobacco regulation and innovation. The results also suggested that the behavior of farmers in post-harvest spend money tobacco implicated in the negative trend of economic resilience of farming families. The “poor” during the harvest respondents viewed from revenues of 2% and the respondents in the category of “poor” increased reach a percentage of 4% from the perspective of the poverty line approach to value consumption / expenditure. The conclusion of this study was the existence of Harvest tobacco had a great signifi cance for the economic improvement of farming families who could view how the farmers put a high dependence on the market arenas for the fulfillment of The family welfare. However, the success of the harvest always followed by spending behavior that affected the economic resilience of the family. Keywords: Behavior, Harvest, and Family Economical Resilience

  12. 40 CFR 52.2720 - Identification of plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Guayanilla and Aguirre Air Basins was submitted on February 14, 1975, by the Environmental Quality Board. (21... Environmental Quality Board. (22) Predicted SO2 concentrations for Aguirre Air Basin was submitted on May...

  13. History, Agency and Political Struggle: A Different View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamora, Emilio

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, the author challenges Aguirre at two levels. He argues that Aguirre does not make effective use of his personal narrative to inform the experience of the Chicano Studies Center and Affirmative Action at his university. The author also points to his own experiences as a student and faculty member to underscore Aguirre's incomplete…

  14. 77 FR 13117 - Excelerate Energy L.P.; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-05

    ... Statement for the Planned Aguirre Offshore Gasport Project, Request for Comments on Environmental Issues... of the Aguirre Offshore GasPort Project involving construction and operation of facilities by... existing onshore Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority's Central Aguirre Power Plant (CAPP). The...

  15. 40 CFR 52.2731 - Control strategy and regulations: Sulfur oxides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the national standards for sulfur oxides in the areas of Aguirre, Barceloneta, Trujillo Alto-Dorado... section is disapproved for the following facilities: Puerto RicoWater Resources Authority—Aguirre Complex... exception of the Puerto Rico Water Resources Authority—Aguirre Complex, are required to conform to...

  16. Viljandi mõisa aida kohandamine Eesti Pärimusmuusika Keskuseks = Renovation of the Viljandi manor's storehouse into the Estonian Traditional Music Centre / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    Hoone arhitektuuriajaloolised eritingimused koostas Anne Lass, arhitekt on Raivo Mämdmaa, sisearhitekt Kersti Leinbock, konstruktor Hans Priks, sepiste autor Heigo Jelle. Hoonel on klaasist juurdeehitis. Žürii hinnang kultuurkapitali aastapreemiale esitatud sisekujundusele

  17. Reducing economic disparities between rural and urban areas through integrated development – Case study: analysis of the turnover of companies in the AIDA Association, Alba County, Romania

    OpenAIRE

    Ionela Gavrilă-Paven; Emil Olteanu; Iulian Bogdan Dobra

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a local initiative in Romania, Alba County, which tries to establish general guidelines for the sustainable development of a local community that consists of three towns and eight villages. The analysis conducted in this paper is focused on economic activity. The turnover of the companies located in the eleven localities that compose the Intercommunity Development Association – Alba Iulia have been studied. The authors’ objective is to determine the influenc...

  18. Reducing economic disparities between rural and urban areas through integrated development – Case study: analysis of the turnover of companies in the AIDA Association, Alba County, Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionela Gavrilă-Paven

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a local initiative in Romania, Alba County, which tries to establish general guidelines for the sustainable development of a local community that consists of three towns and eight villages. The analysis conducted in this paper is focused on economic activity. The turnover of the companies located in the eleven localities that compose the Intercommunity Development Association – Alba Iulia have been studied. The authors’ objective is to determine the influences effecting the localities and to establish the core of the economic development of this partnership which is trying to surpass the barriers between rural and urban and to form a community able to valorize its potential according to the principles of sustainable development.

  19. Mõni sõna täpsustuseks / Sergei Dotsenko, Aurika Meimre, Galina Ponomarjova, Aida Hatšaturjan, Irina Belobrovtseva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Vastukaja art.: Pild, Lea. Tallinna tekst vene kultuuris // Keel ja Kirjandus (2007) nr. 1, lk. 66-68. Rmt. retsensioonist : Балтийский архив : русская культура в Прибалтике. XI, "Таллинский текст" в русской культуре : сборник в честь проф. И. З. Белобровцевой - к 60-летию со дня рождения / [ответсвенный редактор С. Доценко]. Tallinn : Tallinna Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2006

  20. Pärnakad ehitavad linnale uue südame / Kristo Mäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäe, Kristo

    2005-01-01

    Uus kvartal kuni 8-korruseliste hoonetega kerkib Port Arturi kaubamaja, jõe ja Pärnu kontserdimaja vahel asuvale alale. Uued hooned: ärihoone Aida 8 ning äri- ja eluhoone Lai 5 (projekteerija AB Luhse ja Tuhal), Pärnu muuseumiait Aida 3 (OÜ Sadakond), äri- ja eluhoone Aida 5 (EKE Projekt) ning Aida 11 (AB Künnapu ja Padrik). Kommenteerivad: linnaarhitekt Ülar Saar, arhitekt Tanel Tuhal, Allan Kool A&A Kinnisvarast

  1. Anatomía del corazón y las arterias branquiales aferentes de las rayas (Chondrichthyes: Batoidea Anatomy of the heart and afferent branchial arteries of the rays (Chondrichthyes: Batoidea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham Kobelkowsky

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Se selecionó el corazón y el sistema branquial aferente de Dasyatis sabina como patrón morfológico de los Batoidea. Se compararon las cámaras del corazón y la ramificación de la aorta ventral en las arterias branquiales aferentes con las correspondientes de especies representativas de otras familias de batoideos, tales como: Narcine brasiliensis (Narcinidae, Rhinobatos lentiginosus (Rhinobatidae, Raja texana (Rajidae, Urobatis jamaicensis (Urolophidae, Gymnura micrura (Gymnuridae y Myliobatis sp. (Myliobatidae. El análisis comparativo permitió reconocer como carácter más notable, la ausencia de las arterias innominadas posteriores en los Myliobatiformes, con excepción de Gymnuridae. Asimismo, permitió observar la amplia similitud entre Rhinobatidae y Rajidae, y entre Urotrygonidae y Dasyatidae.The heart and the afferent branchial system of the ray, Dasyatis sabina was selected as a morphologic pattern of the Batoidea. A comparison of the heart and the ramification of the ventral aorta into the branchial afferent arteries was made with the corresponding in representative species of other families of Batoidea, such as: Narcine brasiliensis (Narcinidae, Rhinobatos lentiginosus (Rhinobatidae, Raja texana (Rajidae, Urobatis jamaicensis (Urolophidae, Gymnura micrura (Gymnuridae, and Myliobatis sp. (Myliobatidae. The comparative analysis allows recognizing as the most notably character, the absence of the posterior innominates arteries in the Myliobatiformes, with the exception of Gymnuridae. A high similitude between Rhinobatidae and Rajidae, and Urolophidae and Dasyatidae was recognized.

  2. Defense Cooperations of Malaysia-Singapore in the 1990’s

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-01

    were of one rAce and 6 one nation.’u Likewi-e some ultra Malay nationalists envisioned the realiz .ion of the united " Melayu Raya.--a Grieater Indonesia...dream of realizing the concept of " Melayu Raya". At the same time he was attempting to divert the attention of the JIis1 an people from their domestic

  3. Air-to-Air Missile Enhanced Scoring with Kalman Smoothing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    Reconstruction Using The Unscented Kalman Filter Algorithm. Teixeira, Torres, Andrade de Oliveira, and Aguirre propose the use of an Un- scented Kalman...Paulo Henriques Iscold Andrade de Oliveira, and Luis Antonio Aguirre . “Flight Path Reconstruc- tion Using the Unscented Kalman Filter Algorithm

  4. An Evaluation of Aviation Maintenance Fatigue Countermeasures Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    organization benefits from improve- ments in performance and fewer safety-reducing turnovers, absenteeism, and morale issues (Kerin & Aguirre , 2005) . The...ments, fatigue, and human performance. Washington, DC: Federal Aviation Administration Office of Avia- tion Medicine . Kerin, A ., & Aguirre , A

  5. The Concept of Stage Design and Theatrical Space for A Spectacular Opera Aida%大型景观歌剧《阿依达》的设计及其戏剧空间观念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩生

    2001-01-01

    大型景观歌剧《阿依达》的演出轰轰烈烈结束了。在上海体育场,三千多名演职员与两场共四万五千多观众一起创造了世界歌剧演出史上的多项吉尼斯记录。上海版的《阿依达》吸引了国内外上百家媒体的追踪报道,演出成了全世界瞩目的事件。为演出搭建的金字塔舞台在排演期间就已经向游人开放,演出后又保留七天供人们参观拍照。这种景象在以往的歌剧演出中是没有过的。

  6. Policy Options to Address Crucial Communication Gaps in the Incident Command System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    Joseph E Trainor, and Benigno E Aguirre , “A Critical Evaluation of the Incident Command System and NIMS.” Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency... Aguirre , “A Critical Evaluation of the Incident Command System and NIMS.” Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, no. 3 (2006). Available...index_findings.htm. 114 Buck, Dick A., Joseph E. Trainor, and Benigno E. Aguirre . “A Critical Evaluation of the Incident Command System and NIMS.” Journal of

  7. ロペ・デ・アギーレの表象をめぐって

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Parece que el tema de Lope de Aguirre les atrae tanto a los novelistas como a los cineastas, ya que hay varias obras con ese tema en ambos campos artísticos tales como La aventura equinoccial de Ramón José Sender, Lope de Aguirre, príncipe de la libertad de Miguel Otero Silva, Aguirre, Der Zorn Gottes de Werner Herzog, o El Dorado de Carlos Saura. Entre ellas la novela de Miguel Otero Silva se destaca por su estilo experimental similar al de la nueva novela histórica, aunque Seymour Menton no...

  8. Pärastlõuna Eesti filmiga / Andres Maimik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    1999-01-01

    Eesti-Läti lühifilmikassett "Sellised kolm lugu", mis sisaldab Ervin Õunapuu "Kuu" ("Kõrbekuu"), Askolds Saulitise "Tristan ja Isolde" ja Peeter Simmi "Aida". Siiri Timmermann, Arbo Tammiksaar, Juhan Ulfsak ja autor avaldavad muljeid eelkõige "Aida" kohta

  9. Muusika / DJ Pickney Tiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Pickney Tiger, pseud., 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Kontsertidest: ansamblid Haydamaky ja Svjata Vatra 14. nov. Tallinnas Amigos ja 15. nov.Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas, 11. nov. Anzori Barkalaja ja Silver Sepp Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas, üritustest Roll & Bass, Rock ja Roll 29. nov. Tartus, Jõulujazz 29. nov. -16. dets., Tricky 20. nov. Tallinnas Rock Cafés

  10. PENILAIAN PROPERTI DI SURABAYA PADA PERUMAHAN PAKUWON INDAH GRAHA FAMILI DAN CITRARAYA (Studi Kasus pada ERA Tjandra II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Njo Anastasia

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In the same area, the land price had variation caused land characteristics. That is internal factor (lot size, frontage, wide of road, and facing and factor external (economic, politic, and social. This research discusses the market value of property in Pakuwon Indah, Graha Famili, and CitraRaya housing estates with regression model to reduce valuer subjectivity based on internal factor. The result showed at Pakuwon Indah, wide of road influenced the market value of land. At Graha Famili and CitraRaya, market value of land influenced by the lot size and wide of road. The market value of housing at CitraRaya influenced by size of building, number of bedroom, facing to the west and to the east, marble floor quality, and story of building. The other result showed that difference market value indication and listing price at Pakuwon Indah and Graha Famili about 11%-12%, but at CitraRaya the difference is 1%.. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Dalam kawasan yang sama, harga tanah dapat bervariasi disebabkan karakteristik tanah tersebut yaitu faktor internal (luas tanah, frontage, lebar jalan, dan arah hadap dan faktor eksternal (kondisi ekonomi, politik dan sosial. Penelitian ini bertujuan mencari indikasi nilai pasar properti di perumahan Pakuwon Indah, Graha Famili, dan CitraRaya dengan model regresi untuk mengurangi subyektifitas penilai berdasarkan faktor internal. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan di Pakuwon Indah, lebar jalan mempengaruhi nilai tanah. Di Graha Famili dan CitraRaya nilai tanah dipengaruhi oleh luas tanah dan lebar jalan. Sedangkan untuk nilai rumah di CitraRaya dipengaruhi oleh luas bangunan, jumlah kamar tidur, hadap rumah ke Barat dan Timur, kualitas lantai marmer, dan tingkat bangunan. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan adanya perbedaan 11%-12% antara indikasi nilai pasar dengan harga listing untuk tanah di Pakuwon Indah dan Graha Famili, sedangkan untuk rumah di CitraRaya terjadi perbedaaan sekitar 1%. Kata kunci: faktor internal

  11. Genome-wide expression analysis of environmental stress in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aguirre von Wobeser, E.

    2010-01-01

    Eneas Aguirre von Wobeser onderzocht functionele aanpassingen in een cyanobacterie, ook wel blauwalg genoemd, met hedendaagse genomische methodes. De cyanobacterie synechocystis was een van de allereerste organismen met een volledig bekende genoomsequentie, en een toegekende functie voor een aanzien

  12. Influence of cadmium on dry matter yield, micronutrient content and its uptake in some crops.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khurana, M P S; Jhanji, Shalini

    2014-09-01

    The study was conducted to evaluate the accumulation pattern of cadmium (Cd) and its tolerance in different crops grown on sewage irrigated soils with differentCd levels. Growth, yield, uptake and tolerance of maize, raya, berseem and spinach were assessed to different levels of Cd ranging from 0-40 mg kg(-1) soil. Significant reduction in dry matter yield in raya was observed at 20 mg Cd kg(-1) soil where as for other crops it was 10 mg Cd kg(-1) soil. The quadratic models seem to give the best description of variation in dry matter yield with Cd levels as revealed by significant coefficient of determination (R2 > or = 90). Cadmium content and uptake varied in the following order: raya > spinach > maize > berseem. Raya could tolerate high levels of Cd as compared to other crops. Conversely, berseem and maize which showed reduced ability to absorb or translocate Cd for genetic reasons compared to raya and spinach be preferred for growing on sewage irrigated soils or area having increased Cd-levels. The relationship of Cd with other micronutrients was variable.

  13. Viini noored arhitektid / Inge Laurik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurik, Inge

    2001-01-01

    21. augustist Pärnu Muuseumi Aidas Viini noori arhitekte tutvustav näitus "innere szene wien". Näha saab 47 Viini arhitektuuribüroo koostatud prospekte, olustikufotosid ateljeede töökeskkonnast, videoklippi.

  14. 76 FR 58277 - Performance Review Board Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-20

    .... Nelson, Dawn M. O'Connell, Robert F. Owens Jr., Jennifer L. Parker, Aida M. Perez, Cheri M. Rice...: Barbara Bowman, Christine Branche, Michael Gottesman, Anne Haddix, Steven Musser, Jan Nicholson,...

  15. Leedu paviljon Hannoveri maailmanäitusel EXPO 2000 = Lithuanian Pavilion at EXPO 2000 in Hannover

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Leedu paviljoni arhitektuurist. Arhitektid Audrius Bucis, Marina Buciene, Gintaras Kuginis, Valdas Ozarinskis, Aida Ceponite. Konstruktsioonid: Vidas Pilvelis, Vaidas Guogis. 4 ill.: pikilõige, põhiplaan, välis- ja sisevaade

  16. [Pärimusmuusika õppesse...] / Sofia Joons

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joons, Sofia, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    7. mail pärimusmuusikat õppivate laste ja noorte 2. võistumängimine Viljandi pärimusmuusika aidas lubab loota, et pärimusmuusika on leidnud endale uue elukeskkonna Eesti muusika- ja huvikoolides

  17. Tere tulemast August Pulsti õpistusse! / Sofia Joons

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joons, Sofia, 1972-

    2012-01-01

    Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas tegutsev vabahariduskool August Pulsti Õpistu korraldab õpetajatele, kasvatajatele, õpilastele ja huvijuhtidele mitmesuguseid kursusi, mille peamine eesmärk on lihtsustada teekonda pärimusmuusika juurde

  18. August Pulsti õpistu jagab teadmisi pärimusmuusikast / Sofia Joons

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joons, Sofia, 1972-

    2009-01-01

    Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas tegutsev vabahariduskool August Pulsti Õpistu korraldab õpetajatele, kasvatajatele ja huvijuhtidele mitmesuguseid kursusi, mis aitavad süvendada tutvust Eesti muusikalise pärandiga

  19. Lõbusalt üllatav Trash.dk / Christel Karits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karits, Christel, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Taani löökpillimängijate shõugrupi esinemistest 22. apr. Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas, 23. apr. Jõhvi kontserdimajas, 24. apr. Tallinnas Estonia kontserdisaalis, 25. apr. Pärnu kontserdimajas ja 26. apr. VAnemuise kontserdimajas

  20. Tõnu Naissoo põimib eri stiile / Naissoo. Tõnu ; interv. Aivar Trallmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Naissoo, Tõnu, 1951-

    2008-01-01

    Helilooja ja pianisti Tõnu Naissoo mõtteid muusikutee algusest, õppimisest Ameerika kuulsaimas džässikoolis Berklee muusikakolledžis ja 19. novembril Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas toimuvast kontserdist "Crossroads"

  1. Näitusega kaasneb vastutus enda loodud sõnumi eest / Peeter Ora

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ora, Peeter

    2009-01-01

    Projekti "Noor kunst" teisest näitustesarjast Viljandis. Triinu Pihlaku maalidest kohvikus Parnass, Kristina Toome, Hedi Jaa ja Elis Metsa fotoseeriatest linnaraamatukogus, Kadri Rohu ja Marilyn Jurmani maalidest kultuuriakadeemias, Merli Antsmaa fotoinstallatsioonidest pärimusmuusika aidas

  2. Noored ergastavad kunstielu / Peeter Ora

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ora, Peeter

    2009-01-01

    Omaloomingu projekti "Noor kunst" näitustest Viljandi kultuurimajas, linnagaleriis ja Pärimusmuusika aidas. Liis Saare ja Maria Alesma fotodest ning Liis Tammani, Kalli Kalmeti ja Kadri Villemi maalidest

  3. Foreign Military Sales Trend Analysis: Impacts on the Future with Application to Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    Future with Application to Taiwan By: Kevin L. Moore, Chih-Haur Ho, Coleen A. Foust , and Aidas Kerutis June 2007... Foust and Aidas Kerutis 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, CA 93943-5000...TAIWAN Kevin L. Moore, Major, United States Army Chih-Haur Ho, Major, Republic of China Army Coleen A. Foust , Captain, United States Air Force

  4. Efecto de actividades turísticas sobre el comportamiento de fauna representativa de las Islas Galápagos, Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    González-Pérez,Fernanda; Cubero-Pardo, Priscilla

    2010-01-01

    Fueron consideradas clave para actividades turísticas en 16 sitios de las Islas Galápagos: la raya sartén marmoleada (Taeniura meyeri), raya águila (Aetobatus narinari), tiburón de aleta blanca (Triaenodon obesus), tortuga verde (Chelonia mydas), cormorán no volador (Phalacrocorax harrisi) y lobo marino de Galápagos (Zalophus califórnianus), con el objetivo de analizar reacciones a corto plazo ante actividades de buceo apnea o "snorkeling", buceo autónomo o "scuba", paseos en bote o "panga-ri...

  5. Conclusiones de las Ponencias y Debates del Coloquio Internacional sobre Ahorro de Energía celebrado en Budapest, organizado por la Sección Húngara de la Europrefab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aguirre de Iraola, Fernando

    1980-03-01

    Full Text Available Durante los días 10 y 11 de abril, el doctor Arquitecto F. Aguirre, director del ITEcc, estvuo en Budapest para presidir el Coloquio Internacional sobre «Ahorro de energía en la edificación», que había sido organizado por la sociedad europea para la promoción de la industrialización de la construcción, (EUROPREFAB, de la cual el profesor Aguirre es presidente.

  6. ¿La revolución Kinect? Efectividad terapéutica y usabilidad

    OpenAIRE

    Llorens Rodríguez, Roberto; Navarro Pérez, María Dolores; Alcañiz Raya, Mariano Luis; COLOMER FONT, CAROLINA

    2012-01-01

    Llorens Rodríguez, R.; Navarro Pérez, MD.; Alcañiz Raya, ML.; Colomer Font, C. (2012). ¿La revolución Kinect? Efectividad terapéutica y usabilidad. XI Jornadas de la Sociedad Española de Neurorrehabilitación. Elsevier. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/65580. Senia

  7. Salapärased Iraani naised / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2003-01-01

    Artikli autor kohtus Saksamaal Mannheim-Heidelbergi filmifestivalil iraani režissööri Nasser Refaie ja tema abikasa, näitleja Raya Nasiriga. Režissööri film "Eksam" pälvis ühe žürii auhindadest

  8. Comparison of the protective effect of two harvests intensities in the Shrub Santolina rosmarinifolia L. in an area of the Spain Southeast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carceles-Rodriguez, B.; Francia-Martinez, J. R.; Martinez-Raya, A.; Duran-Zuazo, V. H.; Rodriguez-Pleguezuelo, C. R.; Casado-Mateos, J. P.

    2009-07-01

    The objective of this work is to study the behaviour of the Santolina rosmarinifolia L. as for its protective effect of the soil. Two harvest intensities are compared (25 and 50%), considered as the most suitable to guarantee a sustainable use of this species, as shown on previous study (Martinez Raya, A. et al. 2002). (Author)

  9. REVIEW (AND PERSONAL REFLECTIONS ON THE BOOK: Immigration and active citizenship. Contributions concerning participatory governance and social inclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Alberich

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Reseña (y reflexiones personales sobre el libro: Inmigración y ciudadanía activa. Contribuciones sobre gobernanza participativa e inclusión social. Coordinado por Enrique Raya, Angeles Espadas y Mourad Aboussi. Icaria Editorial, 2013. 

  10. "Speak Out. Act Up. Move Forward." Disobedience-Based Arts Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotin, Alison; Aguirre McGregor, Stella; Pellecchia, DeAnna; Schatz, Ingrid; Liu, Shaw Pong

    2013-01-01

    In this essay, Alison Kotin, Stella Aguirre McGregor, DeAnna Pellecchia, Ingrid Schatz, and Shaw Pong Liu reflect on their experiences working with public high school students to create "Speak Out. Act Up. Move Forward.," a performative response to current and historical acts of civil disobedience. The authors--a group of instructors…

  11. Perspectiva ética de la alteridad en la educación en derechos humanos. Un estudio biográfico de Rodolfo Stavenhagen /

    OpenAIRE

    Argüello Parra, Jaime Andrés

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Pedagogía, presenta Jaime Andrés Argüello Parra ; asesor María Esther Aguirre Lora. 896 páginas. Doctorado en Pedagogía UNAM, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, 2011

  12. Bit keskus. (Uuendusliku Tehnoloogia Keskus) Inca, Mallorca, Hispaania / Alberto Campo Baeza

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Campo Baeza, Alberto

    1998-01-01

    High-tech büroo kolmnurksel krundil industriaalpargis. Krundi sisemuses suletud alal "salaaed" apelsinipuudega. Seintel ronivad aromaatse lõhnaga taimed: jasmiinid, vistaaria, viinapuud. Konkurss 1995, ehitus 1997-1998. Arhitekt Alberto Campo Baeza (koos: L. Ignacio Aguirre Lopez, Anton Garcia Abril, Antonio Perez Villegas)

  13. Lo exótico en el cine sobre la conquista de América

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo de investigación analiza el cine como un instrumento para la recuperaciónde la memoria histórica. Analiza los filmes “Lope de Aguirre larra de Dios” (1972);“Guaz: la conquista del paraíso” (1992).

  14. A newly designed 45 to 60 mer oligonucleotide Agilent platform microarray for global gene expression studies of Synechocystis PCC6803: example salt stress experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aguirre von Wobeser, E.; Huisman, J.; Ibelings, B.; Matthijs, H.C.P.; Matthijs, H.C.P.

    2005-01-01

    A newly designed 45 to 60 mer oligonucleotide Agilent platform microarray for global gene expression studies of Synechocystis PCC6803: example salt stress experiment Eneas Aguirre-von-Wobeser 1, Jef Huisman1, Bas Ibelings2 and Hans C.P. Matthijs1 1 Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherla

  15. Genome-wide responses of Synechocystis PCC6803 to nitrogen deprivation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krasikov, V.; Aguirre von Wobeser, E.; Huisman, J.; Ibelings, B; Matthijs, H.C.P.; Matthijs, H. C. P.

    2005-01-01

    Genome-wide responses of Synechocystis PCC6803 to nitrogen deprivation Vladimir Krasikov1, Eneas Aguirre-von-Wobeser1, Jef Huisman1, Bas Ibelings2, Hans C.P. Matthijs1 1Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 2Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Limnological Institute, Nieuwersluis, th

  16. Pride and Prejudice and Causal Indicators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Nick; Chamberlain, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Aguirre-Urreta, Rönkkö, and Marakas' (2016) paper in "Measurement: Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives" (hereafter referred to as ARM2016) is an important and timely piece of scholarship, in that it provides strong analytic support to the growing theoretical literature that questions the underlying ideas behind causal and…

  17. La arquitectura de la clausura /

    OpenAIRE

    Mijares y Mijares, José Manuel sustentante.

    2009-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Arquitectura, presenta José Manuel Mijares y Mijares ; asesor Jesús Aguirre Cárdenas. 169, 21, [8] páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Arquitectura UNAM, Facultad de Arquitectura, 2009

  18. Bibliography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1995-01-01

    AGUIRRE-HUDSON, B. & P.A. WOLSELEY. 1994. Bibliography of South-east Asian Lichenology 1810-1992. J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 76: 313-350. GALLOWAY, D.J., M.W. SAMSUDIN & A. LATIFF. 1994. A bibliography of Malaysian lichenology. Mal. Appl. Biol. 22: 215-221.

  19. Increasing Latino/a Representation in Math and Science: An Insider's Look

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre, Jarrad

    2009-01-01

    Recent Yale alumnus Jarrad Aguirre relates his experience creating MAS Familias, a campus organization that supports Latino/a undergraduates studying math and science. Alarmed by Latino/a students' academic struggles and the lack of Latino/a role models in the fields of math and science--and increasingly aware of the social benefits of a diverse…

  20. Health Issues in the Latino Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre-Molina, Marilyn, Ed.; Molina, Carlos W., Ed.; Zambrana, Ruth Enid, Ed.

    This collection of papers includes 6 parts. Part 1, "Latino Populations in the United States," includes: (1) "Latino Health Policy: Beyond Demographic Determinism" (Angelo Falcon, Marilyn Aguirre-Molina, and Carlos W. Molina); (2) "Latino Health Status" (Olivia Carter-Pokras and Ruth Enid Zambrana); and (3)…

  1. Causal Indicator Models Have Nothing to Do with Measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Roy D.; Breivik, Einar

    2016-01-01

    In this article, Roy Howell, and Einar Breivik, congratulate Aguirre-Urreta, M. I., Rönkkö, M., & Marakas, G. M., for their work (2016) "Omission of Causal Indicators: Consequences and Implications for Measurement," Measurement: Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives, 14(3), 75-97. doi:10.1080/15366367.2016.1205935. They call it…

  2. Vicente Lombardo Toledano y la ideología de la Revolución Mexicana : el desarrollo estatista anterior a Keynes /

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Economía, presenta María Teresa Aguirre Covarrubias ; asesor Enrique Semo Calev. 519 páginas : ilustraciones, fotografías. Doctorado en Economía UNAM, Facultad de Economía, 2011

  3. Some helminth parasites of Epinephelus morio (Pisces: Serranidae) from the peninsula of Yucatan, Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moravec, F.; Vidal-Martínez, V.M.; Aguirre-Macedo, M.L.

    1995-01-01

    Moravec, F., V.M. Vidal-Martinez & M.L. Aguirre-Macedo, 1995. Some helminth parasites of Epinephelus morio (Pisces: Serranidae) from the Peninsula of Yucatan, Mexico. Studies Nat. Hist. Caribbean Region 72: 55-68. One nematode species, Hysterothylacium eurycheilum, the acanthocephalan Gorgorhynchus

  4. Causal Indicators Can Help to Interpret Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bentler, Peter M.

    2016-01-01

    The latent factor in a causal indicator model is no more than the latent factor of the factor part of the model. However, if the causal indicator variables are well-understood and help to improve the prediction of individuals' factor scores, they can help to interpret the meaning of the latent factor. Aguirre-Urreta, Rönkkö, and Marakas (2016)…

  5. Del relato a la emoción y la moral: De Mesmer, con amor o té para dos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annemarie Meier

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo describe la trama, los personajes y elementos intertextuales del cortometraje mexicano De Mesmer, con amor o té para dos de Salvador Aguirre y Alejandro Lubezki (2002 y propone un acercamiento a la respuesta emocional y el juicio moral del espectador a la estructura del filme narrativo.

  6. Pengaruh Kebisingan Lalulintas terhadap Konsentrasi Belajar Siswa SMP N 1 Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amwal Halil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakMasalah kebisingan karena lalulintas yang padat di daerah perkotaan menyebabkan sulitnya untuk mendapatkan lokasi sekolah yang tenang. Sekolah Menengah Pertama Negeri 1 Padang merupakan sarana pendidikan yang terletak di daerah perkotaan dan berada di pinggir jalan raya yang arus lalulintasnya padat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh kebisingan lalulintas terhadap konsentrasi belajar siswa SMP N 1 Padang. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode cross sectional comparative, dimana tingkat kebisingan dan tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa dikumpulkan secara bersamaan. Pengukuran tingkat kebisingan menggunakan alat ukur sound level meter yang diukur pada dua titik yang berbeda, yaitu di sekitar kelas yang dekat dengan jalan raya dan di sekitar kelas yang jauh dari jalan raya. Tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa diukur dengan menggunakan digit symbol test dan digit span test. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan dengan uji statistik chi square dengan derajat kepercayaan 95% (p=0,05. Hasil pengukuran tingkat kebisingan di sekitar kelas yang dekat dengan jalan raya sebesar 69.62 dB dan tingkat kebisingan di sekitar kelas yang jauh dari jalan raya sebesar 72.80 dB. Tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa yang dekat dengan jalan raya menggunakan digit symbol test didapatkan jumlah siswa yang: kurang konsentrasi = 7, cukup konsentrasi = 33, dan dengan digit span test di dapatkan yang kurang konsentrasi =7 dan cukup konsentrasi = 33. Tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa yang jauh dari jalan raya dengan menggunakan digit symbol test didapatkan: kurang konsentrasi = 5, cukup konsentrasi = 34 dan dengan digit span test di dapatkan: kurang konsentrasi = 9 dan cukup konsentrasi = 30. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan tingkat konsentrasi yang bermakna antara kelas yang dekat dengan jalan raya dan kelas yang jauh dari jalan raya.Kata kunci: kebisingan lalulintas, siswa, konsentrasi belajarAbstractNoise problems due to heavy traffic in

  7. La macroestructura del folleto bancario como instrumento de persuasión: estudio contrastivo inglés-español

    OpenAIRE

    Pilar Alberola Colomar

    2004-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio es el análisis de una muestra de folletos bancarios con el fin de encontrar una macroestructura prototípica para este género. Además, estudiamos la existencia de una posible relación entre la estructura genérica de los folletos bancarios y la estrategia publicitaria denominada AIDA (responde a las siglas de los términos ingleses: Attention, Interest, Desire, Action). Se intenta demostrar que AIDA es el criterio que unifica la estructura de este género y que la...

  8. Lower Cretaceous Dinosaur Tracks from Puebla, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén A. Rodríguez-de la Rosa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dinosaur tracks have been identified near San Martín Atexcal, southern Puebla, Mexico, within the sedimentary sequence of the San Juan Raya Formation of Lower Cretaceous (Albian age. The tracksite, located in the bed of the Magdalena River, reveals six different ichnofossiliferous levels identified within a 9 m thick sedimentary sequence. The inferred environment is that of a tidal (marginal marine mudflat (Level I. Level I preserves three theropods trackways (?Allosauroidea, additionally, isolated tracks belonging to iguanodontids (Ornithopoda. Level II preserves faint iguanodontid tracks. Levels III to V preserve sauropod tracks. Younger level VI preserves, although morphologically different, a track belonging to Ornithopoda. The dinosaur tracks from San Martín Atexcal support the existence of continental facies within the San Juan Raya Formation; they represent the second record of dinosaur tracks from the Lower Cretaceous of Mexico and are part of an important but little documented record of Lower Cretaceous dinosaurs in Mexico.

  9. Kaval-Ants ja Vanapagan : [luuletused] / Eno Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Eno, 1928-1996

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Kaval-Ants ja Vanapagan ; Aida ust valvamas ; Vanapaar ; Pada ja katel ; Voki laul karule ; Laisk laiskloom ; Soovitus ; Käbi käbinäbi ; Mitmesugused lapsed ; Päevavaras ; Vaba rabakana ; Vetesell ; Padakonna konnavada ; Mis saiast sai? ; Siili nohu; Lõunatuul õunapuul ; Käo kukkumine ; Vankrisõit

  10. Lillikate suvi on Nava Lava päralt / Airi Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallik, Airi, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Lõuna-Eestis Lilli külas asuva Nava talu Nava Lava suvistest üritustest. Olulisim ettevõtmine oli talu peremehe Jaak Kõdari talu ajaloost kirjutatud näitemängu "Jukra" lavale toomine. Tänavu oli talu aidas avatud ka Lembit Sootsi maalinäitus

  11. Muusika / DJ Pickney Tiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Pickney Tiger, pseud., 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Kontsertidest: rootsi rockansamblid Backyard Babies ja Bullet 10. dets. Tallinnas klubis Tapper, Tanel Padari ja The Sun heliplaadi "Here Comes The Sun" esitluskontsedid, Alina Rostovskaya & Jazzmobile 4. dets. Tallinnas Lindakivi kultuurikeskuses ja 5. dets. NO99 Jazziklubis, Dessert Time ja Gine Anderssen 8. dets. Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas, inglise punkansambel Sham 69 4. dets. Pärnus Mai keskuse Rockiklubis

  12. Expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1a in a rat cortical neuronal model of in vitro mechanical injury and the effects of its competitive antagonist (RS)-1-aminoindan-1, 5-dicarboxylic acid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei Cao; Mantao Chen; Xiujue Zheng; Gu Li; Liang Wen; Xiaofeng Yang

    2011-01-01

    The present study established a rat cortical neuronal model of in vitro mechanical injury. At 30 min-utes after injury, the survival rate of the injured cortical neurons was decreased compared with normal neurons, and was gradually decreased with aggravated degree of injury. Reverse transcrip-tion-polymerase chain reaction results showed that at 1 hour after injury, there was increased ex-pression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1a in cortical neurons. Immunohistochemical staining results showed that at 30 minutes after injury, the number of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1a-positive cells increased compared with normal neurons. At 12 hours after injury, lactate dehy-drogenase activity in the (RS)-1-aminoindan-1, 5-dicarboxylic acid (AIDA)-treated injury neurons was significantly decreased than that in the pure injury group. At 1 hour after injury, intracellular free Ca2+ concentration was markedly decreased in the AIDA-treated injury neurons than that in the pure injury neurons. These findings suggest that after mechanical injury to cortical neurons, metabotropic glutamate receptor 1a expression increased. The resulting increase in intracellular free Ca2+ con-centration was blocked by AIDA, indicating that AIDA exhibits neuroprotective effects after me-chanical injury.

  13. Avati kaheksas kunstifestival "Pärnu IN Graafika"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    12. jaanuaril avatakse Academia Grata ja rühma Non Grata korraldataval festivalil kümme graafikanäitust, toimuvad õpitoad. Põhinäituseks on vabagraafika näitus "Best Of IG" Pärnu Muuseumi Aidas. Linnagalerii ja kontserdimaja näitus "Igaviku konserv" koondab ajatuid teemasid. Urmas Viigi õpituba tutvustab eksperimente

  14. Fideo ja Vilm Pärnus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Pärnu Fideo- ja Vilmifestival 2.-3. apr. Muuseumi Aidas. Margus Tiitsmaa ja Sütevaka Andrese performance'test. Jasper Zoova ja Erno Võsa installatsioonist "Eesti mehe ja naise identifitseerimise masin". Taivani kunstniku Eliza Lin'i fotoinstallatsioonist ja videost

  15. Neljajalgne kana ja ämblikuniiti lüpsev kits / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2006-01-01

    Ülevaade Kloostri Aidas toimunud teaduskohviku õhtul esinenud birti molekulaarbioloog Sarah Forbes-Robertsoni ettekandest. Dokor Forbes-Robertson uurib Tshernobõli katastroofi üle elanud inimesi, püüdes kindlaks teha, milline inimgeenidet mõjutab meie vastupanu radioaktiivsele kiirgusele

  16. Pärnu uus keskus kerkib

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    2007. a. oktoobris pandi Pärnu kesklinnas nurgakivi uuele linnasüdamele, kuhu kerkib kaubanduskeskus ja 400-kohaline parkimismaja. Aida tänav muudetakse jalakäijate alaks ja tekkiv promenaad kaetakse osaliselt klaaskatusega, promenaadi äärde ehitatakse üle 20000 m2 elamispinda. Keskuse arhitektid: Vilen Künnapu, Ain Padrik. Ehitab Eston Ehitus

  17. Eesti film kumab pimedas öös / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    1999-01-01

    III Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil esilinastuvad Eesti-Läti ühisprojekt "Kolm lugu", kus ka Ervin Õunapuu "Kõrbekuu" ja Peeter Simmi "Aida" ning rahvusvaheline videokassett "Identiteet", kus ka Jaak Kilmi lühifilm "Inimkaamera"

  18. Muusika / DJ Pickney Tiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Pickney Tiger, pseud., 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Kontsertidest: Tricky 20. nov. Tallinnas Rock Cafés, folgiüritusest Pärimusmuusika Lõikuspidu 10. ja 11.okt. Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas, Krakauers Klezmer Band 27. okt. Tallinnas Vene teatris, DJ General Levy 18. okt. Tallinnas, maailmamuusika festival Musicport' 08 17.-19. okt. Inglismaal Brightonis

  19. Ristumised Stockholmis / Jaak Kilmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kilmi, Jaak, 1973-

    1999-01-01

    Stockholmi X filmifestivalil 11.-21.nov. 1999 eriprogrammis Northern Lights linastusid Eestist "Ristumine peateega", "Kõrbekuu" ja "Aida". Viimased lühifilmid kuulusid Eesti-Läti ühisfilmi "Tris stasti par...", millel autor, kes kuulus žüriisse, ka pikemalt peatub

  20. Working towards coordination of detector development in Europe

    CERN Multimedia

    AIDA-2020 collaboration

    2015-01-01

    AIDA-2020, the largest EU-funded detector R&D project, kicked off at the beginning of June with a meeting at CERN (see here). The aim of the project is to advance detector technologies beyond current limits by sharing the high-quality infrastructure provided by 52 partners from 19 countries.   Knowledge exchange between the various groups who are involved in developing innovative technological solutions for the next generation of detectors is the emphasis of the AIDA-2020 EU-funded project, which started on 1 May and will run for four years. AIDA-2020 is the successor to AIDA, a four-year EU-funded programme that concluded at the end of January 2015, which successfully coordinated a joint European effort in detector R&D and significantly improved various key European research infrastructures, enabling advanced detector development for the high-energy physics community. Highlights of AIDA’s networking activities were the development of generic toolkits for detector description ...

  1. Paabel laulab "Küüni täitmise" lugusid / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2010-01-01

    Tartu Genialistide klubis 21. aprillil, Pärnu Kunstide Majas 24. aprillil, Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas 28. aprillil ja Tallinna Von Krahli teatri baaris 29. aprillil toimuvatest ansambli Paabel uue plaadi, millele on salvestatud suveetenduse "Küüni täitmise lood ja laulud" esitluskontserdist

  2. Üksiku Rüütli fenomen / Mart Raudsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsaar, Mart, 1973-

    2016-01-01

    Kiirteede rajamisega seoses kaovad juurdepääsud teeäärsete objektide ja asutuste juurde. Kurna mõisa aida müüridesse rajatud Üksiku Rüütli söögikoht sulges uksed, kuna selle juurde ei viinud kiirteelt ühtegi mahasõitu

  3. Nobeli rahupreemia pälvisid tuumarelva leviku takistajad / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    Selle aasta Nobeli rahupreemia pälvisid Rahvusvaheline Aatomienergiaagentuur ja selle juht Mohamed ElBaradei. Norra Nobeli komitee selgitusest. Lisa: Fakte Nobeli rahupreemiast. Kommenteerivad: Terumi Tanaka, Shimon Peres, Hamid Reza Asefi, Aida ElBaradei, Hans Blix. Vt. samas: Õigusteadlasest tuumarelvade jahtija eelistab läbirääkimisi

  4. Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment mission: the Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, A.; Michel, P.

    2015-10-01

    The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission will be the first space experiment to demonstrate asteroid impact hazard mitigation by using a kinetic impactor. AIDA is a joint ESA-NASA cooperative project, which includes the ESA Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) rendezvous spacecraft and the NASA Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission. The AIDA target is the near-Earth binary asteroid 65803 Didymos, which will make an unusually close approach to Earth in October, 2022. The ~300-kg DART spacecraft is designed to impact the Didymos secondary at 6.5 km/s and demonstrate the ability to modify its trajectory through momentum transfer. The primary goals of AIDA are (i) to investigate the binary near-Earth asteroid (65803) Didymos, (ii) to demonstrate asteroid deflection by kinetic impact and to characterize the deflection. The primary DART objectives are to demonstrate a hypervelocity impact on the Didymos moon and to determine the resulting deflection from ground-based observatories. The DART impact on the Didymos secondary will cause a measurable change in the orbital period of the binary.

  5. Primer registro de aves fósiles (Pelecaniformes: Pelecanidae y un probable Odontopterygiformes: Pelagornithidae para el Mioceno Superior de Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana L. Valerio

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Se registran por primera vez para Costa Rica restos de dos aves marinas fósiles (Aves: Pelecaniformes y Odontopterygiformes procedentes de la Formación Curré de edad Mioceno Superior. Estos hallazgos están asociados a sedimentos marino someros y concuerdan con otros vertebrados fósiles marinos asociados como cetáceos, tiburones y rayas.

  6. Environmental and Social Impacts of Oil Palm Plantations and their Implications for Biofuel Production in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Krystof Obidzinski; Rubeta Andriani; Heru Komarudin; Agus Andrianto

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews the development of oil palm with linkages to biofuel in Indonesia and analyzes the associated environmental and socioeconomic impacts. We selected three plantation study sites in West Papua (Manokwari), West Kalimantan (Kubu Raya), and Papua (Boven Digoel) to assess the impacts. Research findings indicate that the development of oil palm in all three sites has caused deforestation, resulting in significant secondary external impacts such as water pollution, soil erosion, an...

  7. Pengaruh Dosis Pupuk Zeorea dan Konsentrasi ZPT Dekamon 22.43 L Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Jagung Manis (Zea mays saccharata Sturt.)

    OpenAIRE

    Aruan, Marnaek H.

    2012-01-01

    MARNAEK HASIHOLAN ARUAN, "Pengaruh Dosis Pupuk Zeorea dan Konsentrasi Zat Pengatur Tumbuh Dekamon 22.43 L Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Jagung Manis (Zea mays sacchurata Sturt.)", dibawah bimbingan ibu Ir. Hj. Sabar Ginting, MS selaku ketua komisi pembimbing dan bapak Ir Toga Simannngkalit, MS selaku anggota komisi pembimbing. Penelitian ini telah dilaksanakan di Jalan Matahari Raya Kecamatan Medan Helvetia mulai dari. bulan Januari ,2004 - April 2004. Tujuan dari penelitian...

  8. Security Options for Malaysia in the 1990s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-05-08

    coordinated campaign against the Malayan Union. It was at this Congress that the Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Dersatu or United Malays National...Islam (PAPERI), and the Malay National Revolutionary Party of Malaya (MNRPM) or Parti Kebangsaan Melayu Revolusioner Malaya to destabilize Malaysia...hegemony in Indo-China restrict her ability to assume a major role in the region. Indonesia’s ideology of Melayu Raya, (Malay Archipelagic Principle

  9. Escalada de conciencia virtual: eficacia y usabilidad de un sistema multiusuario para la rehabilitación de la anosognosia en pacientes con daño cerebral adquirido

    OpenAIRE

    Llorens Rodríguez, Roberto; Alcañiz Raya, Mariano Luis

    2013-01-01

    Llorens Rodríguez, R.; Alcañiz Raya, ML. (2013). Escalada de conciencia virtual: eficacia y usabilidad de un sistema multiusuario para la rehabilitación de la anosognosia en pacientes con daño cerebral adquirido. XII Jornadas de la Sociedad Española de Neurorrehabilitación. Elsevier. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/65581. Senia

  10. Lower Cretaceous Dinosaur Tracks from Puebla, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Dinosaur tracks have been identified near San Martín Atexcal, southern Puebla, Mexico, within the sedimentary sequence of the San Juan Raya Formation of Lower Cretaceous (Albian) age. The tracksite, located in the bed of the Magdalena River, reveals six different ichnofossiliferous levels identified within a 9 m thick sedimentary sequence. The inferred environment is that of a tidal (marginal marine) mudflat (Level I). Level I preserves three theropods trackways (?Allosauroidea), additionally...

  11. Metacercarias del tipo Paramonilicaecum (Digenea: Didymozoidae, parásitos accidentales de elasmobranquios (Elasmobranchii del golfo de México e identificación de metacercarias (Didymozoidae de la Colección Nacional de Helmintos Metacercariae of the type Paramonilicaecum (Digenea: Didymozoidae, accidental parasites in elasmobranchs (Elasmobranchii from the Mexican Gulf of Mexico and identification of metacercarias (Didymozoidae of the Colección Nacional de Helmintos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erick Rodríguez-Ibarra

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Como parte de un estudio sobre los helmintos parásitos de rayas (Elasmobranchii, se colectaron 12 ejemplares en 3 localidades del estado de Veracruz, México: Laguna de Tamiahua, Laguna de Tampamachoco y un arrecife de la costa del golfo de México. Se encontraron metacercarias identificadas como parásitos accidentales del tipo Paramonilicaecum (Digenea: Didymozoidae en la válvula espiral de Dasyatis say (raya látigo chata, Gymnura micrura (raya cola de rata y Rhinobatus lentiginosus (guitarra diablito. De manera complementaria, se actualizó la identificación de material perteneciente a Didymozoidae depositado en la Colección Nacional de Helmintos en el Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Éste es el primer registro para México de metacercarias del tipo Paramonilicaecum en rayas.During an ongoing study of the helminths of stingrays (Elasmobranchii, 12 stingrays were collected from 3 localities in the state of Veracruz, Mexico: Laguna de Tamiahua, Laguna de Tampamachoco, and a costal reef in the Gulf of Mexico. Metacercarias were collected from the spiral valves of Dasyatis say (bluntnose stingray, Gymnura micrura (lesser butterfly ray, and Rhinobatus lentiginosus (Atlantic guitarfish. The metacercarias, accidental parasites, were assigned to type Paramonilicaecum (Digenea: Didymozoidae. Material (Didymozoidae previously deposited in the Colección Nacional de Helmintos, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, was re-identified. This is the first report of a species in larval phase of the "Type" Paramonilicaecum from the Gulf of Mexico, Veracruz, and the first report from a Mexican stingray.

  12. THE EFFECT OF CLUSTERING TECHNIQUE ON WRITING EXPOSITORY ESSAYS OF EFL STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Sabarun Sabarun

    2013-01-01

    The study is aimed at investigating the effectiveness of using clustering technique in writing expository essays. The aim of the study is to prove whether there is a significant difference between writing using clustering technique and writing without using it on the students’ writing achievement or not. The study belonged to experimental study by applying counterbalance procedure to collect the data. The study was conducted at the fourth semester English department students of Palangka Raya ...

  13. UTILIZING MICROSOFT MATHEMATICS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING CALCULUS

    OpenAIRE

    Rina Oktaviyanthi; Yani Supriani

    2015-01-01

    The experimental design was conducted to investigate the use of Microsoft Mathematics, free software made by Microsoft Corporation, in teaching and learning Calculus. This paper reports results from experimental study details on implementation of Microsoft Mathematics in Calculus, students’ achievement and the effects of the use of Microsoft Mathematics on students’ attitudes in relation to such experience. Two classes of the students from the first year student in Universitas Serang Raya wer...

  14. Ice Nucleation Activity of Various Agricultural Soil Dust Aerosol Particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiebel, Thea; Höhler, Kristina; Funk, Roger; Hill, Thomas C. J.; Levin, Ezra J. T.; Nadolny, Jens; Steinke, Isabelle; Suski, Kaitlyn J.; Ullrich, Romy; Wagner, Robert; Weber, Ines; DeMott, Paul J.; Möhler, Ottmar

    2016-04-01

    Recent investigations at the cloud simulation chamber AIDA (Aerosol Interactions and Dynamics in the Atmosphere) suggest that agricultural soil dust has an ice nucleation ability that is enhanced up to a factor of 10 compared to desert dust, especially at temperatures above -26 °C (Steinke et al., in preparation for submission). This enhancement might be caused by the contribution of very ice-active biological particles. In addition, soil dust aerosol particles often contain a considerably higher amount of organic matter compared to desert dust particles. To test agricultural soil dust as a source of ice nucleating particles, especially for ice formation in warm clouds, we conducted a series of laboratory measurements with different soil dust samples to extend the existing AIDA dataset. The AIDA has a volume of 84 m3 and operates under atmospherically relevant conditions over wide ranges of temperature, pressure and humidity. By controlled adiabatic expansions, the ascent of an air parcel in the troposphere can be simulated. As a supplement to the AIDA facility, we use the INKA (Ice Nucleation Instrument of the KArlsruhe Institute of Technology) continuous flow diffusion chamber based on the design by Rogers (1988) to expose the sampled aerosol particles to a continuously increasing saturation ratio by keeping the aerosol temperature constant. For our experiments, soil dust was dry dispersed into the AIDA vessel. First, fast saturation ratio scans at different temperatures were performed with INKA, sampling soil dust aerosol particles directly from the AIDA vessel. Then, we conducted the AIDA expansion experiment starting at a preset temperature. The combination of these two different methods provides a robust data set on the temperature-dependent ice activity of various agriculture soil dust aerosol particles with a special focus on relatively high temperatures. In addition, to extend the data set, we investigated the role of biological and organic matter in more

  15. Cine club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine club

    2011-01-01

      Thursday 14 April 2011 at 20:30 CERN Council Chamber Aguirre: The Wrath of God   By Werner Herzog (Germany, 1972) 93 min With/avec: Klaus Kinski, Helena Rojo, Del Negro, Ruy Guerra A few decades after the destruction of the Inca empire, a Spanish expedition leaves the mountains of Peru and goes down the Amazon river in search of gold and wealth. Soon, they come across great difficulties and Don Aguirres, a ruthless man who cares only about riches, becomes their leader. But will his quest lead them to "the golden city", or to destruction? Original version German; English subtitles Version originale allemande soutitrée en anglais Entrance: 2 CHF Projection from DVD http://cineclub.web.cern.ch/Cineclub/  

  16. Cine Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Ciné Club

    2011-01-01

    Thursday 9 June 2011 at 20:30 / Jeudi 9 Juin 2011 à 20:30 CERN Council Chamber / Salle du Conseil Aguirre: The Wrath of God  By/de : Werner Herzog (Germany, 1972) 93 min With/avec: Klaus Kinski, Helena Rojo, Del Negro, Ruy Guerra A few decades after the destruction of the Inca empire, a Spanish expedition leaves the mountains of Peru and goes down the Amazon river in search of gold and wealth. Soon, they come across great difficulties and Don Aguirres, a ruthless man who cares only about riches, becomes their leader. But will his quest lead them to "the golden city", or to destruction? Original version german; english subtitles Version originale allemande; soutitrée en anglais Entrance : 2 CHF Projection from DVD http://cineclub.web.cern.ch/Cineclub/  

  17. PARENTS’ INVOLVEMENT IN SUPPORTING THEIR CHILDREN LEARN ENGLISH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isna Indriati

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the way of parents involving themselves in supporting their children learn English. In order to encourage children to learn better as English language learners, some parents send their children to have a continual program in non-formal institutions after schooling time. A common reason is that parents have the low capability in training their children to speak English or at least utter some meaningful words or phrases. Small scale survey by using open and closed-ended questionnaire was conducted among respondents from two elementary schools in Palangka Raya, Indonesia. They were, first, parents whose children learn English formally in SDIT Al-Furqan Palangka Raya and MIN Langkai Palangka Raya and take English course privately at home or courses center, and, second, the children as students. The questionnaires are focused on the students’ attitude and motivation towards learning English and parents’ opinions and involvement in learning the process, mainly practicing English at home. The result offers teachers some important points to consider in the teaching of English, especially the way to work with children and to build a positive relationship with parents in the regard of better learning.Keywords: children, parents, English language learning

  18. Assessing Anaclitic and Introjective Characteristics Using the SWAP-200 Q-Sort: Concurrent Validity with the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Racheli; Hilsenroth, Mark

    2016-12-12

    This investigation's goal was to assess the concurrent validity of the four scales of the Anaclitic and Introjective Depression Assessment (AIDA), a newly developed clinician-rated measure, and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales (IIP-64). The AIDA is composed of Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure items and is comprised of two primitive and two more mature scales of introjective and anaclitic personality types. Specific predictions of relationships were made and are discussed further in this paper. The participants in this study were 106 outpatients engaged in psychodynamic psychotherapy. Patients completed the IIP-64 upon assessment and were rated by their therapist on the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure 200 (SWAP-200). The present findings demonstrated several expected relationships between the SWAP-derived AIDA and the IIP-64. Primitive levels of Anaclitic and Introjective characteristics on the AIDA were related to more difficulties involving Affiliation and Dominance on the IIP. The primitive Introjective-Dismissive (Dismissive Depression) scale was related to difficulties involving high Dominance and low Affiliation. The more adaptive Introjective-Self-Critical (Self-Critical Depression) scale was not related to any interpersonal problem. The more adaptive Anaclitic-Needy (Needy Depression) scale was related to difficulties involving high Affiliation, and the primitive Anaclitic-Submissive (Submissive Depression) scale was associated with difficulties related to high Affiliation, as well as problems related to low Dominance in one of two domains. Our results bolster the concurrent validity of the four AIDA scales and add to current knowledge of the differential interpersonal patterns of individuals with more mature and primitive levels of anaclitic and introjective personality types. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  19. Mexico-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-13

    presidents from this period, Luis Echeverria (1970-1976), is still alive. President Echeverria faced genocide charges for his role in the repression of a...Enforcement, DHS; Maj. Gen. Peter Aylward, Director, Joint Staff, National Guard Bureau; Sigifredo Gonzalez Jr., Sheriff, Zapata County, Texas...Eugenia Dresser Guerra, Professor, Department of Political Science, Instituto Tecnologico Autonomo de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico; Jorge Luis Aguirre

  20. Liste récapitulative des références bibliographiques

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    AEI-INDIA, 1999 - Internationalisation of Higher Education and Operation of Foreign Universities in India : An Australian Perspective. 26 Nov., New Delhi, Australian Education International. Aguirre R., Batthyany K. (coord.), 2001 - Trabajo, género y ciudadania en los paises del Cono Sur. Montevideo : Oficina Internacional del Trabajo, Cinterfor, 387 p. Ahmed I. I., 2000 - Remittances and their Economic Impact in Post-war Somaliland. Disasters, 24 (4) : 380-389. Alibinia A., 2000 - The Great ...

  1. On a yield surface for granular materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre-Ramirez, G.; Costes, N. C.

    1972-01-01

    A special plasticity theory for soils in a triaxial compression drained condition which was extracted from a general theory of soil plasticity presented by Aguirre-Ramirez is generalized for three-dimensional complex stress fields. A theory for plane-strain is then constructed from the generalized three-dimensional theory. Both theories are then compared and found to be in agreement with the corresponding theories presented by Roscoe and Burland at Cambridge.

  2. Dissecting and Targeting Latent Metastasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    K. J. Malmberg, Prospects for the use of NK cells in immunotherapy of human cancer . Nature reviews . Immunology 7, 329-339 (2007). 39. G. P. Dunn, L... reviews . Cancer 10, 871-877 (2010). 7. M. S. Sosa, P. Bragado, J. A. Aguirre-Ghiso, Mechanisms of disseminated cancer cell dormancy: an awakening field...Nature reviews . Cancer 14, 611-622 (2014). 8. A. F. Gazdar, J. D. Minna, NCI series of cell lines: an historical perspective. Journal of cellular

  3. Regions and international aid : an inquiry on the origins of decentralized aid for development programs in two European regions

    OpenAIRE

    HERNANDEZ FERREIRO, Carlos

    2005-01-01

    Defence date: 5 December 2005 Examining board: Prof. Iñaki Aguirre Zabala, Departemento de Derecho Internacional Público, Relaciones Internacionales e Historia del Derecho y de las Instituciones, UPV/EHU ; Prof. Leonardo Morlino, Dipartimento di Scienze della Politica e Sociologia, Università degli Studi di Firenze ; Prof. Friedrich Kratochwil, Department of Social and Political Sciences, European University Institute ; Prof. Michael Keating, Department of Social and Political Sciences, Eu...

  4. Factores críticos del éxito empresarial : una aplicación en las empresas restauranteras en el municipio de Juárez del estado de Chihuahua /

    OpenAIRE

    Velasco Rodríguez, Gabriela

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Ciencias de la Administración, presenta Gabriela Velasco Rodríguez ; asesor Fernando Javier Cervantes Aldana, Francisco Arturo Bribiescas Silva, Mario de Agüero Aguirre. xvi, 151, [1] páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Ciencias de la Administración UNAM, Facultad de Contaduría y Administración, 2011

  5. Two new species of Chaetognatha from the Andaman Sea, Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Nair, V.R.; Panampunnayil, S.U.; Pillai, H.U.K.; Gireesh, R.

    balagopali sp. nov. (Figure 2A C1 F) Description Body slender, flaccid, transparent, and widest at the level of the ventral ganglion (Figure 2A). Total length from 4.8 to 6.0 mm. Tail segment 29.6C133.3% of the total length without the tail fin. Head small.... Characteristics S. neglecta Aida 1897 S. regularis Aida 1897 S. oceanica Grey 1930 S. meenakshiae sp. nov. Total length (mm) 8 5C16 6.5 4.3C14.6 Tail (%) 26C130 33 25C129 24.3C126.4 Hooks 6C17Upto16C175C16 Anterior teeth 7 4 5C183 Posterior teeth Up to 18 6 15C120...

  6. Lähme, naised / Tiina Kuuler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuuler, Tiina, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Muusikasündmustest: Volbriöö peod 30. apr. Tallinnas, Tõrvas, Tartus ja Rakveres, ansambli Köök, ETV tütarlastekoori ja G. Otsa nim. Tallinna Muusikakooli bigbändi kontsert 29. apr. Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas, löökpillimuusika 25. apr. Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas, ürituses "Cabaret Derrida" 25. apr. Tallinnas Kultuurikatlas ja 30. apr. Tartus Sadamateatris, Anne Veski soolokontsert 1. mail Tallinna Linnahallis, kontsert "Anarhy in the Est 2008" 1. mail Tartus, Tshellokvartett C-JAM 26. apr. Vihterpalu mõisas, öölaulupidu 28. apr. Tartu kevadpäevade raames Kassitoome nõlvadel, No Smoking Orchestra 26. apr. Tallinnas Club Von Überblingenis, löökpillimängijate showgrupp Trash.dk 25. apr. Pärnu kontserdimajas ja 26. apr. Vanemuise kontserdimajas

  7. Rock'n'roll'i hotellipidaja / Ants Johanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johanson, Ants, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Ansamblist Rock Hotel (ansambli 30. sünnipäeva tähistamise juubelikontsertdid toimuvad 14. okt. Pärnu Endla teatris, 15. okt. Rakvere Teatris, 16. okt. Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas, 17. okt. Paide kultuurikeskuses, 18. okt. Võru kultuurimajas Kannel, 19. okt. Vanemuise väikeses majas ja 20. okt. Vene Teatris, 9. okt. toimub Tallinnas Viru Keskuse kaupluses Rahva Raamat mälestusteraamatu "Aeg meid muutnud on? - Rock-Hotel 30" esitlus)

  8. A novel strategy for the discrimination of gelatinous Chinese medicines based on enzymatic digestion followed by nano-flow liquid chromatography in tandem with orbitrap mass spectrum detection

    OpenAIRE

    Yang H.; Shen YP; Xu Y.; Maqueda AS; Zheng J; Wu QN; Tam JP

    2015-01-01

    Huan Yang,1,2 Yuping Shen,1 Ying Xu,1 Aida Serra Maqueda,2 Jie Zheng,1 Qinan Wu,3 James P Tam21Department of Chinese Materia Medica and Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China; 2Division of Structural Biology and Biochemistry, School of Biological Sciences, College of Science, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; 3Department of Chinese Medicine Authentication, School of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine,...

  9. PECASE: New Directions for Silicon Integrated Optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-30

    9. R. J. Bojko, J. Li, L. He, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, and Y. Aida, “Electron beam lithography writing strategies for low loss, high...impact of EBL writing parameters on waveguide performance and writing time. As expected, write strategies that reduce sidewall roughness improve waveguide...Lett. 89, 071117-1-071117-3 (2006). 19. C. T. DeRose, D. C. Trotter, W. A. Zortman, A. L. Starbuck , M. Fisher, M. R. Watts, and P. S. Davids

  10. Program-Controlled High Voltage Module in Active Voltage Dividers(AVD) for MPGD

    CERN Document Server

    Ginting, Muhammad Fadhil

    2016-01-01

    Micro Pattern Gas Detectors (MPGD) applications are rapidly developing and became an important part of upgrades for the LHC detectors. RD51/CERN have worked on Active Voltage Divider (AVD) technology for multistage MPGDs, One of the next developments for the AVD is to design and integrate high voltage module in a single box. The Program-Controlled High Voltage Module, part of one AIDA2020 project, has been successfully designed and developed, and can be integrated in AVD design.

  11. Linnateater sai ruumi juurde / Ester Shank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Šank, Ester, 1956-

    1999-01-01

    27. III lisanduvad Lai 23 asuvale Tallinna Linnateatri väikesele saalile naabermajad Lai 21 ja Lai 19 / Aida 2, millega on realiseeritud esimene osa uue teatrimaja ehitusprojektist. Projekti autor Kalle Rõõmus. Sisekujundajad Argo ja Katrin Vaikla. Teatritehnoloogia: Mikko Hausmann Soomest. Peatöövõtja Estconde-E. Kogu projektist, vastvalminud osast, ehitusloost. Kommenteerivad K. Rõõmus, teatri direktor Raivo Põldmaa, projektijuht Liivo Kruusel. 8 ill

  12. Hranimõi novogodnim simvolom / Iosef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Iosef

    2006-01-01

    Koertest Tallinna linna arhitektuurses dekooris, kohanimedes, folklooris ja mälestustahvlitel. Dominiiklaste sümbol tõrvikuga koer on näha Kloostri Aida reklaamsildil. Lastekaupade poeketi "Taevakarva kutsu" reklaamsildil ilutseb helesinine kutsikas. Eesti esimese animafilmi "Kutsu Juku seiklusi" mälestustahvlil Suur-Karja 20 hoone ees kõnniteel näeme Kutsu-Juku portreed Riho Hundi ja Julia Pihlaku taaslooduna . Mälestustahvel paigaldati 2001. aastal

  13. SOME THEORETICAL MODELS EXPLAINING ADVERTISING EFFECTS

    OpenAIRE

    Vasilica Magdalena SOMEŞFĂLEAN

    2014-01-01

    Persuade clients is still the main focus of the companies, using a set of methods and techniques designed to influence their behavior, in order to obtain better results (profits) over a longer period of time. Since the late nineteenth - early twentieth century, the american E.St.Elmo Lewis, considered a pioneer in advertising and sales, developed the first theory, AIDA model, later used by marketers and advertisers to develop a marketing communications strategy. Later studies have developed o...

  14. Riconoscimento del profilo professionale del bibliotecario documentalista in sanità

    OpenAIRE

    Truccolo, Ivana; Vidale, Claudia; Falcetta, Anna Maria; Merighi, Roberta

    2006-01-01

    In Italy the reference institution for all librarians is AIB (Associazione Italiana Biblioteche), while AIDA, the Association for the Advanced Documentation, contributes to develop documentation diffusion and information science. The Ministry of Health also plays an important role in supporting the libraries of Biomedical Research Institutes (IRCCS). The BDS Association (Bibliotecari Documentalisti della Sanità) was founded in 2000 with the purpose of highlight the specific activities perf...

  15. Non Grata Pärnus ja Mehhikos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    3. nov.-st Pärnu Muuseumi Aidas nongratalaste viimase aja loomingu näitus "Non Grata esitleb". 13.-23. X osales Academia Non Grata Mexico Citys rahvusvahelisel performance'ifestivalil "Octava Muestra International de Performance", teemaks "Utoopia". Esitleti videoprogrammi utoopiateemalistest performance'itest ja liveina Jan Bergi performance'it "Maailma tootja". 20. X avas Jan Berg Venustiano Carranza alternatiivgaleriis isiknäituse "Musta ja valge positsioonid".

  16. Design concepts and options for the Thermal Infrared Imager (TIRI) as part of ESA's Asteroid Impact Mission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowles, Neil; Calcutt, Simon; Licandro, Javier; Reyes, Marcos; Delbo, Marco; Donaldson Hanna, Kerri; Arnold, Jessica; Howe, Chris

    2016-04-01

    ESA's Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is being studied as part of the joint ESA/NASA AIDA mission for launch in 2020. AIDA's primary mission is to investigate the effect of a kinetic impactor on the secondary component of the binary asteroid 65803 Didymos in late 2022. AIM will characterise the Didymos system and monitor the response of the binary system to the impact. A multi-spectral, thermal-infrared imaging instrument (TIRI) will be an essential component of AIM's remote sensing payload, as it will provide key information on the nature of the surfaces (e.g. presence or absence of materials, degree of compaction, and rock abundance of the regolith) of both components in the Didymos system. The temperature maps provided by TIRI will be important for navigation and spacecraft health and safety for proximity/lander operations. By measuring the asteroids' diurnal thermal responses (thermal inertia) and their surface compositions via spectral signatures, TIRI will provide information on the origin and evolution of the binary system. In this presentation we will discuss possible instrument design for TIRI, exploring options that include imaging spectroscopy to broadband imaging. By using thermal models and compositional analogues of the Didymos system we will show how the performance of each design option compares to the wider scientific goals of the AIDA/AIM mission.

  17. Ejecta Cloud from a Kinetic Impact on the Secondary of a Binary Asteroid: I. Mechanical Environment and Dynamic Model

    CERN Document Server

    Yu, Yang; Schwartz, Stephen R; Naidu, Shantanu P; Benner, Lance A M

    2016-01-01

    An understanding of the post-impact dynamics of ejecta clouds are crucial to the planning of a kinetic impact mission to an asteroid, and also has great implications for the history of planetary formation. The purpose of this article to track the evolution of ejecta produced by AIDA mission, which targets for kinetic impact the secondary of near-Earth binary asteroid 65803 Didymos on 2022, and to feedback essential informations to AIDA's ongoing phase-A study. We present a detailed dynamic model for the simulation of an ejecta cloud from a binary asteroid that synthesizes all relevant forces based on a previous analysis of the mechanical environment. We apply our method to gain insight into the expected response of Didymos to the AIDA impact, including the subsequent evolution of debris and dust. The crater scaling relations from laboratory experiments are employed to approximate the distributions of ejecta mass and launching speed. The size composition of fragments is modeled with a power law fitted from obs...

  18. KEMUNCULAN DAN TINGKAH LAKU PESUT (Orcaella brevirostris (Owen in Gray 1866 SEBAGAIMAMALIATERANCAMLANGKA DI PERAIRANKUBU RAYADANKAYONGUTARAKALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regi Fiji Anggawangsa

    2015-12-01

    2013. Selama pengamatan hanya diketahui terdapat satu kelompok pesut sebanyak 4-6 individu yang terdiri dari pesut muda dan dewasa. Kelompokan itu dijumpai di muara Sungai Bumbun pada kedalamanan perairan 11 meter. Tingkah laku yang teramati menunjukkan gerombolan pesut umumnya memburu kelompokan ikan dan sesekali menyemburkan air dari blowhole nya. Berdasarkan ciri-ciri morfologi dan tingkah laku yang teramati serta kondisi lingkungan perairan setempat maka perairan di Kabupaten Kubu Raya dan Kabupaten Kayong Utara yang terletak di Provinsi Kalimantan Barat diduga merupakan perairan yang potensial sebagai habitat pesut (Orcaella brevirostris. Irrawaddy dolphins (Orcaella brevirostris (Owen in Gray 1866 is one of aquatic mammals species who populations are increasingly threatened. The lack information about population of Irrawaddy dolphins in West Kalimantan waters makes the conservation of this species and its management were still not optimized yet. This research aims to identify the characteristics and behavior of dolphins found in Kubu Raya and Kayong Utara waters of West Kalimantan. The observation was held on April 2013, exploring coastal waters and estuaries which are expected to be the habitats of Irrawaddy dolphins using binoculars. There are 4-6 individuals of Irrawaddy dolphin found at the mouth of Bumbun River. A group consist of young and adults dolphins at the depth of 11 meters. The observed behavior is chasing schooling fish and occasionally spitting water from his blowhole. Based on morphological character and fish behavior observed, and environmental condition parameters, indicated that the water surrounding of Kubu Raya and Kayong Utara District were potential habitat for Irrawaddy dolphins.

  19. Retrato de estudio. Salomé Jugo, madre de Miguel de Unamuno. Bilbao.

    OpenAIRE

    J. Richou

    2010-01-01

    1 fot.; papel; imagen 10,7 x 16,2 cm. - Retrato de estudio. Salomé Jugo, madre de Miguel de Unamuno. Bilbao. (Albúmina montada sobre cartulina, medida total 10,7 x 16,2. Altas luces ligeramente amarillentas pero sombras en buen estado. Ligeras rayas en algún punto de imagen. Sello troquelado e impreso del fotógrafo en margen inferior de cartulina: "J. Richou, Bilbao" y en reverso: "Richou 15 Calle Correo, Bilbao). - Procedencia: fondo Miguel de Unamuno. - Buena Conservación.

  20. Ngelmu Ngalap-Nyaur: Transaksi Berbasis Akun-isme Tanpa Kredit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Whedy Prasetyo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to construct account based on ngalap-nyaur done by PKL Ngalam raya underpined trust each other by supplier . This research use case study. The research refer to transaction model that change attendance accountof account receivable and cost of goods sold with amount of taking good sand trust. The account shows sales transactions to getherness without credit but not cashas the account embodiment of one soul greeting social (moral side by side with economic (rational, to guarantee and overcome “shock” the process of commodity making and sales. One soul greeting seeks reduce unemployment and boost the local economy.

  1. Análisis de interfaces basadas en movimientos de iris y de cabeza para personas con parálisis cerebral

    OpenAIRE

    Clemotte, Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    Este documento es la memoria final del trabajo de fin de Máster para optar al título de Máster en Ingeniería de Sistemas Electrónicos. El trabajo lleva por nombre “Análisis de interfaces basadas en movimientos de iris y de cabeza para personas con parálisis cerebral”. Ha sido desarrollado por el Ing. Alejandro Clemotte bajo la supervisión del Dr. Rafael Raya, Dr. Ramón Ceres y el Dr. Ricardo de Cordoba en el periodo 2011-2013. El trabajo ha sido desarrollado en las instalaciones del grupo de ...

  2. Molecular Mechanisms of Soft Tissue Regeneration and Bone Formation in Mice: Implications in Fracture Repair and Wound Healing in Humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    control mice and subcongenic lines are indicated by *Pɘ.05. Trab. Vol., represents trabecular volume. Trab. Cnt , represents trabecular content. Tot...4-8), the type I collagen α1 gene (9,10), the type I collagen α2 gene (11), the estrogen receptor (4,9,11-13), insulin-like growth factor-I (14,15...receptor alpha and collagen IA1 genes on bone mineral density in Caucasian women. Calcif Tissue Int 72:643-50. 10. Mezquita-Raya P, Munoz-Torres M

  3. Por una (hiper)pedagogía crítica, intercultural y multisensorial en el aprendizaje de Español como Lengua Extranjera (ELE)

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, Mário; Tavares, Susana; Durán, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    Teniendo en cuenta una pedagogía crítica emancipadora (Jiménez Raya, Lamb & Vieira, 2007) enriquecida por enfoques multisensoriales (Arslan, 2009), se pretende en este artículo dar cuenta de prácticas verdaderamente interdisciplinarias y basadas en una filosofía de proyecto en el que alumnos de ELE en la Educación Básica (primer y tercer ciclos) llevan a cabo tareas de naturaleza plurilingüe y multicultural.En este estudio, hemos tratado de destacar las prácticas y estrategias emancipatorias ...

  4. Chemical Carcinogen (Hydrazine, Polynuclear Hydrocarbon and/or Synthetic Jet Fuel Components) Induced Carcinogenesis of Human Cells, In Vitro

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-01

    human cells by UV and X- raya . Abstracts. Fifth Annual Meeting of American Society for Photo- biology, San Juan , Puerto Rico, 1977, p. 110. 8 D.A. Reigner...15GT8) at a fluence rate " of 1.2 J - m-’ • sec - 1. The fluence rate was measured by a Blak-Ray UV meter (UV Products, International, San Gabriel, CA...transformation of human cells to anchorage-independent growth. Cancer Res., 40 (1980) 1934-1939. 4 H.F. Stich, R.H.C. San , J.A. Miller and E.C. Miller

  5. Wynoochee Hydropower/Fish Hatchery Study: Draft Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-11-01

    annual energy output of 37,400 MWH, and 1 October 1981 power values prepared by the San Francisco Regional Office of the FERC. The average annual power...seepage would pro- hatchery outlet during critical Vide seme flow in the reach at all times. loa flow periods (April- Juane ). With the provision of...fisheries shouild be for pumping water," Gov. RayAs -fsaid. In a letter to Col, Leon Moraski fully considered at all levels "The unique opportunity this of

  6. BIOLOGÍA REPRODUCTIVA DEL ORÉGANO MEXICANO (Lippia graveolens Kunth) EN TRES CONDICIONES DE APROVECHAMIENTO

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    El orégano mexicano (Lippia graveolens Kunth) se recolecta de casi todo el territorio nacional y su aprovechamiento coincide con el periodo de floración de la planta limitando la formación de frutos y semillas. Se estudiaron aspectos de la reproducción de L. graveolens en individuos de una población silvestre sin aprovechamiento (San Juan Raya, estado de Puebla, México) y de otra población silvestre pero con aprovechamiento constante (La Salitrera, estado de Guanajuato), y de una población cu...

  7. Diversity and biogeographic affinities of sharks, rays and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii, Holocephali) of Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    DEL MORAL FLORES, LUIS FERNANDO; Morrone,Juan J.; Javier ALCOCER; Pérez-Ponce de León, Gerardo

    2016-01-01

    A pesar de la gran importancia ecológica, evolutiva y económica de los condrictios, su diversidad ha sido escasamente estudiada en México. En este estudio se describe la diversidad de especies de condrictios que se han registrado hasta el momento para México, la cual se compone de 214 especies (111 tiburones, 95 rayas y 8 quimeras) y representa el 17.3 % de las registradas a nivel mundial. Las familias con mayor diversidad de especies son Rajidae (14.5 %), Carcharhinidae (12.1 %), Pentanchida...

  8. Coordinating Council. Tenth Meeting: Information retrieval: The role of controlled vocabularies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    The theme of this NASA Scientific and Technical Information Program Coordinating Council meeting was the role of controlled vocabularies (thesauri) in information retrieval. Included are summaries of the presentations and the accompanying visuals. Dr. Raya Fidel addressed 'Retrieval: Free Text, Full Text, and Controlled Vocabularies.' Dr. Bella Hass Weinberg spoke on 'Controlled Vocabularies and Thesaurus Standards.' The presentations were followed by a panel discussion with participation from NASA, the National Library of Medicine, the Defense Technical Information Center, and the Department of Energy; this discussion, however, is not summarized in any detail in this document.

  9. Pesca de atunes y captura incidental por buques de palangre en aguas peruanas y áreas adyacentes

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Entre noviembre 1992 y octubre 1993, se capturó 2052 t de atunes por buques atuneros de palangre, las especies más representativas fueron el atún patudo Thunnus obesus y el atún aleta amarilla Thunnus albacares, que en conjunto representaron el 64%. La captura incidental estuvo integrada por tiburones (el más representativo fue el tiburón azul, Prionace glauca), merlines, pez espada, rayas, mantas, tortugas y otros. Las capturas de atún patudo se distribuyeron en tres áreas, siendo la más ...

  10. Spatial analysis of the impacts of the Chaitén volcano eruption (Chile) in three fluvial systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulloa, H.; Iroumé, A.; Picco, L.; Mohr, C. H.; Mazzorana, B.; Lenzi, M. A.; Mao, L.

    2016-08-01

    The eruption of the Chaitén volcano in May 2008 generated morphological and ecological disturbances in adjacent river basins, and the magnitude of these disturbances depended on the type of dominant volcanic process affecting each of them. The aim of this study is to analyse the morphological changes in different periods in river segments of the Blanco, El Amarillo and Rayas river basins located near the Chaitén volcano. These basins suffered disturbances of different intensity and spatial distribution caused by tephra fall, dome collapses and pyroclastic density currents that damaged hillslope forests, widened channels and destroyed island and floodplain vegetation. Changes continued to occur in the fluvial systems in the years following the eruption, as a consequence of the geomorphic processes indirectly induced by the eruption. Channel changes were analyzed by comparing remote images of pre and post-eruption conditions. Two periods were considered: the first from 2008 to 2009-2010 associated with the explosive and effusive phases of the eruption and the second that correspond to the post-eruption stage from 2009-2010 to 2013. Following the first phases channel segments widened 91% (38 m/yr), 6% (7 m/yr) and 7% (22 m/yr) for Blanco, Rayas and El Amarillo Rivers, respectively, compared to pre-eruption condition. In the second period, channel segments additionally widened 42% (8 m/yr), 2% (2 m/yr) and 5% (4 m/yr) for Blanco, Rayas and El Amarillo Rivers, respectively. In the Blanco River 62 and 82% of the islands disappeared in the first and second period, respectively, which is 6-8 times higher than in the El Amarillo approximately twice the Rayas. Sinuosity increased after the eruption only in the Blanco River but the three study channels showed a high braiding intensity mainly during the first post-eruption period. The major disturbances occurred during the eruptive and effusive phases of Chaitén volcano, and the intensity of these disturbances reflects the

  11. The Integrative Studies of Genetic and Environmental Factors in Systemic Sclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-01

    CCR7 NM_001838.2 chemokine receptor 7 7.6 x10-6 1.597 COL1A2 NM_000089.3 collagen, type I, alpha 2 0.0005 1.459 CXCL9 NM_002416.1 chemokine (C-X-C...for many studies toward human health. In addition, PI (Xiaodong Zhou) received an International Program Award from the University of Texas Health...e1693. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001693 Editor: Raya Khanin, University of Glasgow, Germany Received May 2, 2007; Accepted January 31, 2008; Published

  12. Utilizing Microsoft Mathematics In Teaching And Learning Calculus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Oktaviyanthi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The experimental design was conducted to investigate the use of Microsoft Mathematics, free software made by Microsoft Corporation, in teaching and learning Calculus. This paper reports results from experimental study details on implementation of Microsoft Mathematics in Calculus, students’ achievement and the effects of the use of Microsoft Mathematics on students’ attitudes in relation to such experience. Two classes of the students from the first year student in Universitas Serang Raya were participated in the study. This study found that students who taught by using Microsoft Mathematics had higher achievement and has a positive effect on students’ confidence of mathematics.

  13. Use of CFD modeling for estimating spatial representativeness of urban air pollution monitoring sites and suitability of their locations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santiago, J. L.; Martin, F.

    2015-07-01

    A methodology to estimate the spatial representativeness of air pollution monitoring sites is applied to two urban districts. This methodology is based on high resolution maps of air pollution computed by using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling tools. Traffic-emitted NO{sub 2} dispersion is simulated for several meteorological conditions taking into account the effect of the buildings on air flow and pollutant dispersion and using a steady state CFD-RANS approach. From these results, maps of average pollutant concentrations for January -May 2011 are computed as a combination of the simulated scenarios. Two urban districts of Madrid City were simulated. Spatial representativeness areas for 32 different sites within the same district (including the site of the operative air quality stations) have been estimated by computing the portion of the domains with average NO{sub 2} concentration differing less than a 20% of the concentration at each candidate monitoring site. New parameters such as the ratio AR between the representativeness area and the whole domain area or the representativeness index (IR) has been proposed to discuss and compare the representativeness areas. Significant differences between the spatial representativeness of the candidate sites of both studied districts have been found. The sites of the Escuelas Aguirre district have generally smaller representativeness areas than those of the Plaza de Castilla. More stations are needed to cover the Escuelas Aguirre district than for the Plaza de Castilla one. The operative air quality station of the Escuelas Aguirre district is less representative than the station of the Plaza de Castilla district. The cause of these differences seems to be the differences in urban structure of both districts prompting different ventilation. (Author)

  14. Bibliografía

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzalo, “La medicina Indígena”, América indígena, 7(2), 1947, pp. 108-127. — Formas de gobierno indígena, México, Imprenta Universitaria, 1953. — El proceso de aculturación y el cambio sociocultural en México [1a ed. 1957], México, Universidad Iberoamericana, 1970. Alcides Reissner, Raúl, El indio en los diccionarios. Exégesis léxica de un estereotipo, México, ini, 1983. Alcorn, Janis, Huastec mayan ethnobotany, Austin, Tex., University of Texas Press, 1984. Alva Ixtlilxóchi...

  15. Representation of the Indian in Calderón’s «La Aurora en Copacabana»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Elías Gutiérrez Meza

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the onomastics of the Indian characters, the portrayal of the Inca Empire of Huáscar and Atahualpa, and the Christianization of Guacolda and Yupangui in Calderón’s La Aurora en Copacabana. Rational and proactive, these two characters realize the illegitimacy of the Inca idolatry and embrace the true religion, long before the formal start of Perú’s christianization. Thus, it is argued that this specific representation of the Indian may have been influenced by the close circles indianos of Miguel de Aguirre, who allegedly patronized this comedy.

  16. Antarctica: Chile’s Claim,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    any decree, war, or treaty. The report, Geographic and Hydrographic His- tory of the Kingdom of Chile, whose author was Gov- ernor Manuel Amat y...men include Lieu- tenants Ponce and Torrealba of the Chilean Army and Captain Ariel Gonzalez and Corporal Rojas of the Chilean Navy. The interest in...Land, 62 of, 28-30, 36-38, Aguirre Cerda, Pedro, 82, 76, 88 93,96 "stages of growth" of, Alderete, Jeronimo de, 91 31-32 Amat y Jumient, Manuel

  17. A new Anagyrus (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) from Argentina, parasitoid of Hypogeococcus sp. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on Harrisia pomanensis (Cactaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triapitsyn, Serguei V; Aguirre, María B; Logarzo, Guillermo A

    2016-05-26

    A new species of Anagyrus Howard (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), A. lapachosus sp. n., is described from Salta Province of Argentina as a parasitoid of Hypogeococcus sp. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on Harrisia pomanensis cactus (Cactaceae). It is a candidate "new association" biological control agent for quarantine evaluation and possible following introduction to Puerto Rico (USA) against another Hypogeococcus sp., commonly called the Harrisia cactus mealybug and often misidentified as H. pungens Granara de Willink (according to our unpublished data the latter attacks only Amaranthaceae), which devastates or threatens the native cacti there and also in some other Caribbean islands (Triapitsyn, Aguirre et al. 2014; Carrera-Martínez et al. 2015).

  18. La industria ósea primitiva de Torralba

    OpenAIRE

    Emiliano Aguirre

    2005-01-01

    La observación repetida de ciertos estigmas no explicables por agentes o procesos naturales en fragmentosm óseos de elefantes y otros mamíferos del yacimiento mesopleistoceno de Torralba del Moral (Soria), con repeticiones también insólitas en tamaños y formas, fueron interpretadas por F.C. Howell, P. Biberson y E. Aguirre como producto de una industria de artefactos de huesos, cuerno y dientes. Su elaboración aparecía menos compleja que la industria paleolítica y se vino a referir como "indu...

  19. Selección de poemas

    OpenAIRE

    Cuesta Escobar, Guiomar

    2015-01-01

    Poeta colombiana. Licenciada en Ciencias de la Comunicación Social. Con énfasis en Periodismo. Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, 1977. Se desempeñó como Secretario Privado del Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores de Colombia, el historiador, Indalecio Liévano Aguirre, 1974-1978. Ha ocupado los cargos de Representante Alterna en la Misión Permanente de Colombia ante la OEA, Washington D.C., 1978 – 1981; y de Delegada del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores. Comisión Interamericana de Mujeres, CIM. W...

  20. Bestiaria, una web sobre mujeres

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Con un tono cómico e irónico, muy subjetivo y parcial, Carolina Aguirre logra reflejar a través de cada artículo realidades y prejuicios –muchas veces alimentados por las mujeres mismas– en torno del género. Lejos de ser un site feminista, es un muestreo de los distintos estereotipos de mujer que podemos encontrar en lo cotidiano. (Párrafo extraído del texto a modo de resumen) Facultad de Periodismo y Comunicación Social

  1. Homonota fasciata Duméril y Bibron, 1839 (Reptilia, Squamata, Phyllodactylidae. Primer registro para la provincia de Corrientes (República Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Falcione, Camila

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Homonota fasciata Duméril & Bibron, 1839. República Argentina, Provincia de Corrientes, Departamento Bella Vista, Cuarta Sección, Colonia Progreso, Loma Sur, Toropí (28°35'55" S; 59°03'38" W (Figura 1. Colectores: Eduardo Etchepare, María del Rosario Ingaramo, Camila Falcione y Roberto Aguirre. 05 de abril de 2011. Se colectaron 4 ejemplares adultos (2 machos y 2 hembras y 1 juvenil, depositados en la Colección Herpetológica de la Universidad Nacional del Nordeste (UNNEC-11212, UNNEC-11213, UNNEC- 11214, UNNEC-11215 y UNNEC-11216.

  2. Selected contributions to neurology by Philadelphia neurologists since 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asbury, Arthur K; Sperling, Michael R; Aguirre, Geoffrey Karl; Liu, Grant T

    2010-01-01

    On the occasion of the 125th anniversary of the Philadelphia Neurologic Society, 3 short talks were given that highlighted accomplishments by Philadelphia's neurologists over the past 30 years. The theme for the celebration was "Contributions to Neurology by Philadelphia Neurologists, 1980-2008." Each of the 3 speakers was chosen because of his contributions and the sequential time frames in which they occurred. Dr. Arthur K. Asbury detailed the original description of the Lewis-Sumner syndrome, Dr. Michael R. Sperling summarized the growth of epilepsy surgery in Philadelphia, and Dr. Geoffrey K. Aguirre depicted the roots of functional magnetic resonance imaging in Philadelphia.

  3. Por una (hiperpedagogía crítica, intercultural y multisensorial en el aprendizaje de Español como Lengua Extranjera (ELE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingues Ferreira da Cruz, Mário Rui

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Teniendo en cuenta una pedagogía crítica emancipadora (Jiménez Raya, Lamb & Vieira, 2007 enriquecida por enfoques multisensoriales (Arslan, 2009, se pretende en este artículo dar cuenta de prácticas verdaderamente interdisciplinarias y basadas en una filosofía de proyecto en el que alumnos de ELE en la Educación Básica (primer y tercer ciclos llevan a cabo tareas de naturaleza plurilingüe y multicultural. En este estudio, hemos tratado de destacar las prácticas y estrategias emancipatorias que traducen aprendizajes que resultan significativos en un nivel multicultural y plurilingüe para los alumnos (Andrade & Araújo e Sá, 2003, contribuyendo al desarrollo de su conciencia crítica cultural (Byram et al, 2002. Buscando evidenciar una muestra de prácticas interdisciplinarias y multisensoriales (Arslan, 2009, relacionadas con el proyecto Pluri+Red y basadas en el uso de estrategias y materiales físicos o digitales (juegos didácticos, WebQuests, cuentos interactivos, etc. que plantean retos a los estudiantes con el fin de provocar asombro y extrañeza, pero también cuestionamiento (Jiménez Raya, Lamb & Vieira, 2007, pretendemos que este estudio exploratorio demuestre las opciones y rutas tomadas hacia un único objetivo: formar a los futuros ciudadanos conscientes del mundo, capaces de intervenir y de formarse a lo largo de su vida.

  4. KAJIAN PERILAKU GESER BALOK BETON RINGAN BUSA DENGAN PENAMBAHAN AGREGAT PASIR POZZOLAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafiz Riadi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The four pieces of lightweight foam concrete beam with the sizes of 15 x 30 x 220 cm and planned for slide failure were tested in this study. The examined variables are the stirrup distance variations, ie; 20 cm, 25 cm and without stirrups. As a comparison, the similar reinforncemet beam with normal concrete were also prepared. Threaded Reinforcement used both on the main reinforcement and stirrups.In related with the quality of molten steel, the value of 415 Mpa was use for main reinforcement and 359 Mpa for stirrup reinforcement. Pozzolan sand used in this study brought from Krueng Raya at subdistrict of Mesjid Raya. Pozzolan sand aggregate used were those who passes the #4.76 mm strainer. The test results then compared with conventional concrete beam. The result show the values of slide beam capasity on various stirrups distance amounted to 71.5615 kN for 20 cm distance, 63.4626 kN for 25 cm distance and 31.0673 kN for foamed concrete beams without stirrups. As for the conventional concrete beams with 25 cm distance stirrup the value of sliding capacity equal with 74.2019 kN

  5. Perbandingan Konstruksi Perkerasan Lentur dan Perkerasan Kaku serta Analisis Ekonominya pada Proyek Pembangunan Jalan Lingkar Mojoagung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oktodelina Nurahmi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Jalan Raya Mojoagung sebagai pintu masuk Jombang dari Surabaya saat ini tidak mampu lagi menampung arus lalu lintas yang terus meningkat. Karena itu, muncul wacana pembangunan Jalan Lingkar Mojoagung untuk membagi volume lalu lintas jalan lingkar dan jalan eksisting dan mempersingkat jarak tempuh. Tujuan Tugas Akhir ini adalah menghitung tebal perkerasan lentur dan kaku, perhitungan total biaya konstruksi dan pemeliharaan perkerasan lentur dan kaku, mencari user cost dengan menggunakan metode N.D. Lea, dan membandingkan kedua perkerasan secara ekonomi dengan perhitungan Benefit Cost Ratio. Dari hasil perhitungan untuk konstruksi perkerasan lentur, didapatkan tebal Surface Course (Laston = 13 cm, Base Course (Batu Pecah Kelas A = 20 cm, Sub Base Course (Sirtu Kelas B = 31 cm. Untuk perkerasan kaku digunakan tebal Surface Course (pelat beton = 28 cm, Sub Base Course (Sirtu Kelas A = 20 cm.  Dari hasil analisis dan evaluasi ekonomi diperoleh hasil , Alternatif dan . Dengan demikian, dipilih Alternatif B atau perkerasan kaku untuk Jalan Lingkar Mojoagung dengan alasan lebih menguntungkan dari segi ekonomi jalan raya.

  6. El Cardenal Isidro Gomá y la cuestión vasca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dionisio Vivas, Miguel Ángel

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the many areas of activity of Cardinal Isidro Goma during the Civil War was the attention to the Basque question. After, the controversy with lehendakari Aguirre A, the result of the alignment of Basque nationalism with the Republic. The primate was also a central role regarding the end of conflict in the Basque Country, with negotiations for the surrender of Bilbao. Finally had to face conflict with the national clergy, who remained in Spain, who was victimized who was exiled or those who criticized the position of Cardinal Goma.Uno de los múltiples campos de actuación del cardenal Isidro Gomá durante la guerra civil fue la atención a la cuestión vasca. En primer lugar los problemas derivados del enfrentamiento de las autoridades militares con el obispo de Vitoria, Mateo Múgica. Después la polémica entre el propio Gomá y el lehendakari Aguirre, consecuencia del alineamiento del nacionalismo vasco con la República. El primado tuvo, asimismo, un papel central en torno al fin del conflicto bélico en el Pais Vasco, con las negociaciones para la rendición de Bilbao. Por último debió afrontar los conflictos clero nacionalista, el que permaneció en España, el que fue represaliado y el que fue exiliado o aquellos que censuraron la posición del Cardenal Gomá.

  7. Two new species of Anagyrus (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) from Argentina, parasitoids of Hypogeococcus spp. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), with taxonomic notes on some congeneric taxa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triapitsyn, Serguei V; Logarzo, Guillermo A; Aguirre, María B; Aquino, Daniel A

    2014-09-15

    Two new species of Anagyrus Howard (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) are described from Argentina, A. cachamai Triapitsyn, Logarzo & Aguirre sp. n. (Catamarca, Córdoba, Salta and Tucumán Provinces) and A. quilmes Triapitsyn, Logarzo & Aguirre sp. n. (Catamarca, Salta and Tucumán). Both new species are parasitoids of Hypogeococcus spp. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Anagyrus cachamai is a parasitoid of H. pungens Granara de Willink on Alternanthera paronychioides, A. pungens and Gomphrena sp. (Amaranthaceae), and also of a Hypogeococcus sp. on Cleistocactus baumannii and Hypogeococcus sp. on C. smaragdiflorus (Cactaceae). Anagyrus quilmes is a parasitoid of H. pungens on A. paronychioides, A. pungens and Gomphrena sp. Other biological traits of the new species are also reported. These parasitoids may be of importance as potential candidate biological control agents against a Hypogeococcus sp., commonly called the Harrisia cactus mealybug and identified as H. pungens, but possibly not belonging to that species. This mealybug threatens the native cacti in some Caribbean islands and Florida, USA, and is devastating the native columnar cacti in Puerto Rico. Illustrations and taxonomic notes on the type specimens of some other, little known described species of Anagyrus from Argentina and Chile are provided, and a key to females of the 14 species of Anagyrus known from Argentina is given. Anagyrus nigriceps (De Santis) syn. n. is synonymized under A. bellator (De Santis). Lectotypes are designated for Paranusia bifasciata Brèthes, Philoponectroma pectinatum Brèthes, and Protanagyrus aciculatus Blanchard. 

  8. Relaciones entre el derecho internacional y el derecho interno: Nuevas perspectivas doctrinales y jurisprudenciales en el ámbito americano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aníbal Quiroga León

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la protección de los derechos fundamentales en el marco de las relaciones entre derecho internacional y derecho interno, teniendo como punto central el sistema interamericano y sus órganos de aplicación, La Comisión y la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, considerando aspectos procedimentales y la adopción de medidas cautelares por esta última. Finalmente, se analiza la superioridad del derecho internacional de los derechos humanos sobre el derecho interno, teniendo como fundamento los casos "Barrios Altos" (Chumbipoma Aguirre y otros, cuya sentencia es del 14 de marzo del 2001 y el caso "La última tentación de Cristo" (Olmedo Bustos y otros cuya sentencia es del 05 de febrero del 2001.This article analyzes the protection of fundamental rights within the framework of the relationship between international and internal law. The core of our analysis is the Inter-American system, and its bodies of application: the Inter- American Human Rights Commission and Court. We consider procedural dimensions as well as precautionary measures pertaining to the latter. Finally, we examine the preeminence of the international law of human rights over internal law, on grounds of the "Barrios Altos" case (Chumbipoma Aguirre et al., decided on March, 2001 y the "La última tentación de Cristo" case (Olmedo Bustos et al. decided on February 5, 2001.

  9. Fauna de mamiferos del pleistoceno superior del yacimiento de las Majolicas (Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberdi, Mª T.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we describe the fossils of macromarnmals provided by Las Majolicas site (Granada, Spain. This site was excavated in the 50's by E. Aguirre. The high frecuency of cervids with 469 fossils identified out of 558 is remarkable. We have compared Cervus elaphus from Las Majolicas with others that belong to the Cantabrian Range and we can conclude that they have smaller sizes, a fact which can be related to the more meridional situation of the site. According to the fauna that appears in Las Majolicas this site might be located in the Upper Pleistocene.En este trabajo se describen los fósiles de macromamíferos del yacimiento de Las Majolicas (Granada, España, excavado en la década de los cincuenta por E. Aguirre. En él predominan los cérvidos, con 469 restos identificados de un total de 558. Los restos de Cervus elaphus al compararlos con otros ejemplares del Pleistoceno superior de la Cordillera Cantábrica presentan un menor tamaño, lo cual podría indicar una reducción de la talla en relación al nivel más meridional de esta localidad. La fauna presente en Las Majolicas indica su posible asignación al Pleistoceno Superior

  10. Laboratory studies with cloud-derived Bacterial Cells acting as Ice Nuclei in the Immersion and Deposition Mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oehm, C.; Chou, C.; Amato, P.; Attard, E.; Delort, A.-M.; Morris, C.; Kiselev, A.; Stetzer, O.; Möhler, O.; Leisner, T.

    2012-04-01

    Atmospheric aerosol particles play an important role in cloud microphysics. Aerosols of biological origin are a subgroup, and some of them are able to act as heterogeneous ice nuclei and thus influence cloud life cycles and the climate. Some bacteria species have been found to act as ice nuclei at relatively high temperatures up to -2 degree Celsius and are therefore of particular importance as "high temperature" ice nuclei. Recently, ice nucleation experiments with bacterial cells from different sources were performed at the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. At the AIDA facility, microphysical cloud processes can be simulated and investigated in laboratory at realistic atmospheric cloud conditions. Different ice nucleation active (INA) bacteria strains were isolated from cloud water, glacier melt water and phyllosphere and examined in AIDA experiments. The living cells were suspended in nanopure or artificial cloud water and injected into the cloud chamber through a dispersion nozzle. The injected droplets evaporated in the chamber and the bacterial cells were transformed into the aerosol phase. After the spraying, the cloud formation was started by expansion cooling. Experiments were performed in the temperature range from -2 down to -20 degree Celsius. Detailed measurements of the number concentration and size distribution of the aerosol particles as well as of the droplets and ice particles were carried out during the AIDA experiments. A minor fraction of the bacteria cells was observed to act as ice nuclei in the immersion nucleation mode at higher temperatures as well as in the deposition nucleation mode at lower temperatures. The ice activity started at -6 degree Celsius. The most efficient INA bacteria species were Pseudomonas syringae 32b74 and Pseudomonas fluorescens Antarctica1. The ice active number fraction with respect to the cells varied from 0,01 to 0,1, and it does not change at different

  11. ٍEvaluating Advertizing Effectiveness of Parsian Bank and Identifying the Factors with Most Influence on Its Improvement in the City of Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Rabiee

    2011-09-01

    Nowadays, organizations on one hand try to send effective messages through different media to persuade audience for buying their products and services and informing people about their differences and on the other hand, people are surrounded by different advertising everywhere and every time while, the most important thing in advertising subject is evaluating its effectiveness. In this study an attempt has been made to evaluate Parsian Bank's advertising effectiveness in attracting customers in the city of Tehran on the basis of how its advertising passes AIDA model's steps and also to determine the factors with the most influence on effectiveness improvement. In this study an attempt has been made to evaluate Parsian Bank's advertising effectiveness in attracting customers in the city of Tehran on the basis of how its advertising passes AIDA model's steps and also to determine the factors with the most influence on effectiveness improvement. The study findings which are obtained through descriptive-survey research and by the use of questionnaire indicate that the television and newspaper advertising of Parsian bank has passed the steps of the AIDA model successfully and has been effective. The comparative study of media advertising effectiveness imply that from customers' point of view, television is the most effective media in attracting them and newspaper is the next. In addition, they address the existing honesty and reality of delivered bank messages as the most important factors influencing on advertising effectiveness. Also, they have addressed good and respectful behavior of personnel with customers as the factor with the most influence on their attraction and respectively, have underlined television and newspaper as the media through which, they have the most access to advertising and they spend most of their time for. They highlight television and then, radio as the best quality media and also recommend television and then, newspaper for future advertising

  12. ٍEvaluating Advertizing Effectiveness of Parsian Bank and Identifying the Factors with Most Influence on Its Improvement in the City of Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Rabiee

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, organizations on one hand try to send effective messages through different media to persuade audience for buying their products and services and informing people about their differences and on the other hand, people are surrounded by different advertising everywhere and every time; while, the most important thing in advertising subject is evaluating its effectiveness. In this study an attempt has been made to evaluate Parsian Bank's advertising effectiveness in attracting customers in the city of Tehran on the basis of how its advertising passes AIDA model's steps and also to determine the factors with the most influence on effectiveness improvement. In this study an attempt has been made to evaluate Parsian Bank's advertising effectiveness in attracting customers in the city of Tehran on the basis of how its advertising passes AIDA model's steps and also to determine the factors with the most influence on effectiveness improvement. The study findings which are obtained through descriptive-survey research and by the use of questionnaire indicate that the television and newspaper advertising of Parsian bank has passed the steps of the AIDA model successfully and has been effective. The comparative study of media advertising effectiveness imply that from customers' point of view, television is the most effective media in attracting them and newspaper is the next. In addition, they address the existing honesty and reality of delivered bank messages as the most important factors influencing on advertising effectiveness. Also, they have addressed good and respectful behavior of personnel with customers as the factor with the most influence on their attraction and respectively, have underlined television and newspaper as the media through which, they have the most access to advertising and they spend most of their time for. They highlight television and then, radio as the best quality media and also recommend television and then, newspaper

  13. Quantitative mass spectrometry measurements reveal stoichiometry of principal postsynaptic density proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowenthal, Mark S; Markey, Sanford P; Dosemeci, Ayse

    2015-06-05

    Quantitative studies are presented of postsynaptic density (PSD) fractions from rat cerebral cortex with the ultimate goal of defining the average copy numbers of proteins in the PSD complex. Highly specific and selective isotope dilution mass spectrometry assays were developed using isotopically labeled polypeptide concatemer internal standards. Interpretation of PSD protein stoichiometry was achieved as a molar ratio with respect to PSD-95 (SAP-90, DLG4), and subsequently, copy numbers were estimated using a consensus literature value for PSD-95. Average copy numbers for several proteins at the PSD were estimated for the first time, including those for AIDA-1, BRAGs, and densin. Major findings include evidence for the high copy number of AIDA-1 in the PSD (144 ± 30)-equivalent to that of the total GKAP family of proteins (150 ± 27)-suggesting that AIDA-1 is an element of the PSD scaffold. The average copy numbers for NMDA receptor sub-units were estimated to be 66 ± 18, 27 ± 9, and 45 ± 15, respectively, for GluN1, GluN2A, and GluN2B, yielding a total of 34 ± 10 NMDA channels. Estimated average copy numbers for AMPA channels and their auxiliary sub-units TARPs were 68 ± 36 and 144 ± 38, respectively, with a stoichiometry of ∼1:2, supporting the assertion that most AMPA receptors anchor to the PSD via TARP sub-units. This robust, quantitative analysis of PSD proteins improves upon and extends the list of major PSD components with assigned average copy numbers in the ongoing effort to unravel the complex molecular architecture of the PSD.

  14. The Asteroid Impact Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnelli, Ian; Galvez, Andres; Mellab, Karim

    2016-04-01

    The Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is a small and innovative mission of opportunity, currently under study at ESA, intending to demonstrate new technologies for future deep-space missions while addressing planetary defense objectives and performing for the first time detailed investigations of a binary asteroid system. It leverages on a unique opportunity provided by asteroid 65803 Didymos, set for an Earth close-encounter in October 2022, to achieve a fast mission return in only two years after launch in October/November 2020. AIM is also ESA's contribution to an international cooperation between ESA and NASA called Asteroid Impact Deflection Assessment (AIDA), consisting of two mission elements: the NASA Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission and the AIM rendezvous spacecraft. The primary goals of AIDA are to test our ability to perform a spacecraft impact on a near-Earth asteroid and to measure and characterize the deflection caused by the impact. The two mission components of AIDA, DART and AIM, are each independently valuable but when combined they provide a greatly increased scientific return. The DART hypervelocity impact on the secondary asteroid will alter the binary orbit period, which will also be measured by means of lightcurves observations from Earth-based telescopes. AIM instead will perform before and after detailed characterization shedding light on the dependence of the momentum transfer on the asteroid's bulk density, porosity, surface and internal properties. AIM will gather data describing the fragmentation and restructuring processes as well as the ejection of material, and relate them to parameters that can only be available from ground-based observations. Collisional events are of great importance in the formation and evolution of planetary systems, own Solar System and planetary rings. The AIDA scenario will provide a unique opportunity to observe a collision event directly in space, and simultaneously from ground-based optical and

  15. Development of ultra-light pixelated ladders for an ILC vertex detector

    CERN Document Server

    Chon-Sen, N; Claus, G; De Masi, R; Deveaux, M; Dulinski, W; Goffe, M; Goldstein, J; Gregor, I -M; Imhoff, Ch Hu-Guo M; Müntz, C; Nomerotski, A; Santos, C; Schrader, C; Specht, M; Stroth, J; Winter, M

    2010-01-01

    The development of ultra-light pixelated ladders is motivated by the requirements of the ILD vertex detector at ILC. This paper summarizes three projects related to system integration. The PLUME project tackles the issue of assembling double-sided ladders. The SERWIETE project deals with a more innovative concept and consists in making single-sided unsupported ladders embedded in an extra thin plastic enveloppe. AIDA, the last project, aims at building a framework reproducing the experimental running conditions where sets of ladders could be tested.

  16. PLUME collaboration: Ultra-light ladders for linear collider vertex detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nomerotski, A., E-mail: A.Nomerotski@physics.ox.ac.uk [University of Oxford, Particle Physics, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Bachynska, O. [DESY Hamburg, Notkestr. 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany); Baudot, J.; Chon-Sen, N.; Claus, G.; De Masi, R. [IPHC/IN2P3/CNRS and Universite de Strasbourg, Strasbourg (France); Deveaux, M. [IK-Frankfurt, Goethe-Universitaet, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Dulinski, W. [IPHC/IN2P3/CNRS and Universite de Strasbourg, Strasbourg (France); Gauld, R. [University of Oxford, Particle Physics, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Goffe, M. [IPHC/IN2P3/CNRS and Universite de Strasbourg, Strasbourg (France); Goldstein, J. [University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL (United Kingdom); Gregor, I.-M. [DESY Hamburg, Notkestr. 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany); Hu-Guo, Ch.; Imhoff, M. [IPHC/IN2P3/CNRS and Universite de Strasbourg, Strasbourg (France); Koetz, U. [DESY Hamburg, Notkestr. 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany); Lau, W. [University of Oxford, Particle Physics, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Muntz, C. [IK-Frankfurt, Goethe-Universitaet, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Santos, C. [IPHC/IN2P3/CNRS and Universite de Strasbourg, Strasbourg (France); Schrader, C. [IK-Frankfurt, Goethe-Universitaet, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Specht, M. [IPHC/IN2P3/CNRS and Universite de Strasbourg, Strasbourg (France); and others

    2011-09-11

    The PLUME (Pixelated Ladder with Ultra-Low Material Embedding) Collaboration is developing ultra-light ladders for the vertex detector for a future linear collider. The double-sided ladder will integrate the sensors, readout infrastructure and mechanical supports with the aim of total material budget of 0.3% of radiation length. The requirement of as light as possible construction is driven by physics, in particular by measurements requiring determination of the quark charge sign. The first prototype ladders were prepared and tested in the beam. The alignment issues for the ladders will be tested within the AIDA (Advanced European Infrastructures for Detectors at Accelerators) EU FP7 project.

  17. SOME THEORETICAL MODELS EXPLAINING ADVERTISING EFFECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasilica Magdalena SOMEŞFĂLEAN

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Persuade clients is still the main focus of the companies, using a set of methods and techniques designed to influence their behavior, in order to obtain better results (profits over a longer period of time. Since the late nineteenth - early twentieth century, the american E.St.Elmo Lewis, considered a pioneer in advertising and sales, developed the first theory, AIDA model, later used by marketers and advertisers to develop a marketing communications strategy. Later studies have developed other models that are the main subject of this research, which explains how and why persuasive communication works, to understand why some approaches are effective and others are not.

  18. Textos y contextos : boletín bibliográfico nº 1

    OpenAIRE

    Tamayo Acosta, Juan José

    2012-01-01

    Coordinador: Edgardo Rodríguez Gómez Reseñas de las siguientes monografías: Historias rebeldes de mujeres burguesas (1790-1948) /Montserrat Huguet, p. 1 -- Bioética y derechos emergentes / José Mª Rodríguez Merino, p. 2 -- Lo que yo creo / Hans Küng, p. 3 -- Ecofeminismo para otro mundo posible / Alicia H. Puleo, p. 4 -- Descolonizando el feminismo / Liliana Suárez Navas, Aida Hernández, p. 5 -- La condición femenina en la Edad Media / Juan Félix Bellido, p. 6 -- Otra teología es posible /...

  19. Maaleht soovitab : Anu Tali dirigeerib Vanemuises "Toscat". Vivaldi, Casanova ja Veneetsia. "Uinuv kaunitar" Vanemuises. Andrew Lloyd Webberi juubelikontserdid. Pärimusmuusika lõiluspidu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    27. sept. juhatab Anu Tali Vanemuise teatris Mikk Mikiveri lavastatud ja Ervin Õunapuu taastatud Puccini ooperilavastust "Tosca". Barokkansambel Corelli Consort ja Raivo Järvi esitavad kava "Vivaldi, Casanova ja Veneetsia" 15. okt. Maardu mõisa muusikasalongis, 18. okt. Pärnus sarjas "Café Grand muusikasalong" ja 19. okt. Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia majas sarjas "Toompea muusikasalong". Vanemuisees esietendub 4. okt. Pjotr Tshaikovski ballett "Uinuv kaunitar". Tallinnas Saku Suurhallis toimuvad 18. okt. briti muusikalihelilooja Andrew Lloyd Webberi 60. sünnipäevale pühendatud juubelikontserdid. Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas peetakse 10.-11. okt. "Pärimusmuusika lõikuspidu"

  20. Multi-analytical study of paint and varnish on a 17th century wooden polychrome antependium

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The antependium of Saint Michael's altar from the church of Saint Catherine in Osič, Croatia, is a work of the 17th century artist Matej Otoni. As a part of her Master's thesis, Aida Grga carried out a complex analysis of the paint layer (binding medium and pigments) and of the resinous varnish found on the object. Thin layer chromatography, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and micro-chemical analysis were used to identify the materials. The investigation was carried out in the Laborat...

  1. Pärnus kestab VIII "IN graafika" festival

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Linnagaleriis ja kontserdimajas Loit Jõekalda kureeritud Eesti Vabagraafikute Ühenduse (EVÜ) väljapanek, kontserdimaja II korrusel Lembe Rubeni kureeritud "Igaviku konserv", Muuseumi Aidas rahvusvaheline näitus "Best of IG" ja soome graafika Reijo Mörö valikus, TÜ Pärnu kolledzhi raamatukogus Urmas Viigi TPÜ kunstiüliõpilaste tööd, Hansapanga kontoris Piret Smagari graafika jpm. 12. I esitleti Marianne Männi koomiksiraamatut "Paradise", esines rühmitus FLY, toimus EVÜ konverents jm. Workshopid 16.-17. I

  2. Contribution of the Portuguese Laboratory Network for the Diagnosis of Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 Infection during the 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 influenza seasons

    OpenAIRE

    Portuguese Laboratory Network for the Diagnosis of Influenza Infection

    2012-01-01

    Members of the Portuguese Laboratory Network for the Diagnosis of Influenza Infection: Raquel Guiomar; Pedro Pechirra; Paulo Gonçalves; Ana Arraiolos; Patrícia Conde; Baltazar Nunes; Eleonora Paixão; Inês Batista; Cristina Furtado; Jorge Machado; Maria José Silvestre; Madalena Almeida Santos, Joana Sobrinho Simões; Maria do Rosário Costa; João Tiago Guimarães; Graça Ribeiro; João Vaz; Álvaro Beleza; Roger Oliveira; Aida Fernandes; Luís Milho; João Rego; Paula Luísa Fernandes; Graça Andrade...

  3. Cell volume and geometric parameters determination in living cells using confocal microscopy and 3D reconstruction

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: David Hevia, Aida Rodriguez-Garcia, Marta Alonso-Gervós, Isabel Quirós-González, Henar M Cimadevilla, Carmen Gómez-Cordovés, Rosa M Sainz & Juan C Mayo ### Abstract The protocol reported here describes a simple, easy, fast and reproducible method aimed to know the geometric parameters of living cells based on confocal laser scanning microscopy combined with 3D reconstruction software. Briefly, the method is based on intrinsic fluorescence properties of acridine orange (AO...

  4. Preparación de catalizadores para la reacción de desplazamiento de gas de agua a alta temperatura a partir de sulfatos metálicos

    OpenAIRE

    Ayuela Díaz del Río, Francisco Javier

    2011-01-01

    Proyecto Fin de Carrera leído en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en el curso académico 2010/2011. Directores del Proyecto: Carmen Martos Sánchez y Aida Ruiz Navarro El presente trabajo está encuadrado en una de las líneas de investigación del Grupo de Ingeniería Química y Ambiental de la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos (GIQA). En concreto se trata de un proyecto de investigación sobre el desarrollo de catalizadores y membranas para la obtención de hidrógeno a partir de bioalcoholes, dentro del ...

  5. Pärnu In Graafika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Pärnus V rahvusvaheline noorte graafikafestival alapealkirjaga "Kunsttööstus". Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli üliõpilaste graafika näitus Pärnu kolledzhis; esitletakse J. Visnapi ja K. Alesmaa Rootsis valminud litograafiaid; A. Isaku fotonäitus Agape keskuses; läti noorte P. Liepa, I. Maurite, L. Feldberga graafika Port Arturis; J. Karjalaneni, R. Mörö, V. P. Eroneni väljapanek Pärnu Linnagaleriis; Academia Non Grata ja Imatra Kunstiakadeemia ühisnäitus Muuseumi Aidas; A. Tõnissoo ja V. Plingi näitus ANG peamajas

  6. CFD simulation of aerosol deposition in a single tube of a passive containment condenser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ludwig, W.; Brown, D.P.; Jokiniemi, J.K. [VTT Energy, Aerosol Technology Group (Finland); Gamble, R.E. [General Electric Company, San Jose, CA (United States)

    2001-07-01

    The aim of this work is to study aerosol particle deposition in a single tube of the AIDA (Aerosol Impaction and Deposition Analysis) condenser test facility (Ludwig, 2000) and the full scale PCC (Passive Containment Condenser) of an ESBWR plant. This condenser utilizes natural circulation, which results in significant simplification due to the reduction of active components (e.g. pumps, valves etc.) in the reactor control system. After a severe core melt accident aerosol particles are likely to be generated. Deposition is an essential aspect of the source term prediction for severe core melt accidents. (author)

  7. Pärnu In Graafika 2000

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline noorte graafikute festival Pärnus 12.-21. I. Pärnu kolledzhi teatronis Reiu Tüüri performance "Gutenbergi galaktika", "Endla" teatri palmisaalis Jan Bergi ja Villu Plingi kaksiknäitus, Muuseumi Aidas "5 Non Grata staari", Agape keskuses Al Paldroki graafika näitus, Port Arturis Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, Lehe kohviku galeriis Helsingi Kunstiakadeemia ja Pärnu Linnagaleriis Riia Kunstiakadeemia graafikute näitus. Workshopid Academia Non Graras. Paneeldiskussioon "Graafika täna" Pärnu Uue Kunsti Infokeskuses

  8. Androgenesis in Anther Culture of Lithuanian Spring Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Cultivars

    OpenAIRE

    ASAKAVICIUTE, Rita

    2008-01-01

    An anther culture method was used for the production of doubled haploids (DHs) in Lithuanian barley and potato cultivars that were directly regenerated from embryoids (Caredda´s method) were applied to determine androgenic potential according to the green regenerant yield and other morphogenetic factors. Green DH regenerants were obtained in 3 Lithuanian spring barley cultivars (´Aidas´, ´Alsa´, and ´Auksiniai´) out of 10 studied. The highest rate of embryoid formation was determined in cv. ...

  9. Efecto de actividades turísticas sobre el comportamiento de fauna representativa de las Islas Galápagos, Ecuador Short-term effects of tourism activities on the behavior of representative fauna on the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda González-Pérez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Fueron consideradas clave para actividades turísticas en 16 sitios de las Islas Galápagos: la raya sartén marmoleada (Taeniura meyeri, raya águila (Aetobatus narinari, tiburón de aleta blanca (Triaenodon obesus, tortuga verde (Chelonia mydas, cormorán no volador (Phalacrocorax harrisi y lobo marino de Galápagos (Zalophus califórnianus, con el objetivo de analizar reacciones a corto plazo ante actividades de buceo apnea o "snorkeling", buceo autónomo o "scuba", paseos en bote o "panga-ride" y caminatas. Para cada especie se documentó su comportamiento al momento del encuentro con los turistas y su reacción ante dicha situación. El uso del Análisis de Correspondencias reveló que el tipo de reacción de las especies depende significativamente de la actividad turística, a excepción de las rayas sartén marmoleada y águila. Asimismo, los análisis indican que, a nivel de especie, cada actividad turística estuvo asociada significativamente con reacciones animales particulares. Esto sugiere que las especies analizadas son sensibles ante determinadas actividades turísticas, por lo que se deberían implementar recomendaciones de manejo a fin de garantizar la sustentabilidad del ecoturismo.This study focused on the short-term reactions of six key species (Taeniura meyeri, Aetobatus narinari, Triaendon obesus, Chelonia mydas, Phalacrocorax harrisi, and Zalophus califórnianus during tourism activities (SCUBA diving, panga-ride, snorkeling, and hiking at 16 tourist sites on the islands. For each species we recorded its behavior when first encountering tourists and its reaction following this encounter. A Correspondence Analysis revealed that the type of reaction of the species depended significantly on the type of touristic activity, with the exception of the black spotted and eagle rays. Moreover, the analysis showed that, for each species, the different tourist activities were significantly associated with particular animal activities

  10. TYPES OF DICHOGAMY, BREEDING SYSTEMS AND POLLEN LIMITATION ON Aeschynanthus pulcher (Blume G.Don. (GESNERIACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiguna Rahman

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Observasi tentang tipe dikogami, sistem penyerbukan, dan keterbatasan serbuk sari telah dilakukan pada populasi Aeschynanthus pulcher di Kebun Raya Cibodas. Pengamatan fenologi bunga dilakukan untuk menentukan tipe dikogami. Dalam rangka menentukan sistem perkawinan dan keterbatasan serbuk sari, lima perlakuan penyerbukan telah dilakukan yaitu penyerbukan bebas sebagai kontrol, penyerbukan silang, penyerbukan sendiri, autogami, dan agamospermi. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa dikogami pada A. pulcher adalah protandri, tidak sempurna dan durasi tampilan serbuk sari dan stigma reseptif masing-masing yaitu 3-9 hari dan 6-12 hari. A. pulcher merupakan tumbuhan yang dapat membuahi sendiri, sedangkan proses autogami dan agamospermi tidak terjadi. Sindrom keterbatasan serbuk sari pada populasi A. pulcher yang diamati diindikasikan terjadi. Derajat keterbatasan serbuk sari pada A. pulcher mencapai 0.79-0.80. Tiga faktor yang dapat menyebabkan keterbatasan serbuk sari adalah (1 kompetisi antar jenis tumbuhan yang berbunga bersamaan, (2 perilaku berbunga dalam satu periode yang sama, dan (3 kompetisi antara polinator dan pencuri nektar.

  11. Finding Distances to Type Ia Supernovae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2016-03-01

    Type Ia supernovae are known as standard candles due to their consistency, allowing us to measure distances based on their brightness. But what if these explosions arent quite as consistent as we thought? Due scientific diligence requires careful checks, so a recent study investigates whether the metallicity of a supernovas environment affects the peak luminosity of the explosion.Metallicity Dependence?Type Ia supernovae are incredibly powerful tools for determining distances in our universe. Because these supernovae are formed by white dwarfs that explode when they reach a uniform accreted mass, the supernova peak luminosity is thought to be very consistent. This consistency allows these supernovae to be used as standard candles to measure distances to their host galaxies.But what if that peak luminosity is affected by a factor that we havent taken into account? Theorists have proposed that the luminosities of Type Ia supernovae might depend on the metallicity of their environments with high-metallicity environments suppressing supernova luminosities. If this is true, then we could be systematically mis-measuring cosmological distances using these supernovae.Testing AbundancesSupernova brightnesses vs. the metallicity of their environments. Low-metallicity supernovae (blue shading) and high-metallicity supernovae (red shading) have an average magnitude difference of ~0.14. [Adapted from Moreno-Raya et al. 2016]A team led by Manuel Moreno-Raya, of the Center for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT) in Spain, has observed 28 Type Ia supernovae in an effort to test for such a metallicity dependence. These supernovae each have independent distance measurements (e.g., from Cepheids or the Tully-Fisher relation).Moreno-Raya and collaborators used spectra from the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope to estimate oxygen abundances in the region where each of these supernovae exploded. They then used these measurements to determine if metallicity of the local region

  12. ENHANCING WRITING ABILITY THROUGH IDEA LISTING TECHNIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Zaini Miftah

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The study is aimed at developing the Idea Listing Technique (ILT to enhance the students‟ writing ability. The Classroom Action Research was applied in this study. The subjects of the study were 31 students, the students taking the course of Writing II, of the third semester of English Department of one State Islamic College at Palangka Raya, Indonesia, in the 2012/2013 academic year. The findings show that the implementation of ILT can enhance the students‟ ability in writing expository paragraph. It is indicated by the enhancements of the percentage of the students achieving the score greater than or equal to C (60-69, and of the percentage of their involvement in the writing activities during the implementation of ILT in Cycle I and II. Thus, the enhancement of the students‟ ability in writing expository paragraph can be reached but it should follow the appropriate procedures of the implementation of ILT having been developed.

  13. Reseña: Aplicación de Estrategias Didácticas en Contextos desfavorecidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Aleida Valenzuela Miranda

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Reseña: Aplicación de Estrategias Didácticas en Contextos desfavorecidos. Sánchez Romero Cristina, Lago Castro Pilar, Moratalla Isasi Silvia, Muñoz Garrido Vicenta Victoria, Gutiez Cuevas Pilar, Rodríguez Martín María Isabel, Alonso García Julia y Sánchez Raya María Araceli. (2013. Madrid: UNED, 275, Pp.  ResumenSe presenta una obra  que muestra la aplicación teórica y práctica de las estrategias didácticas en contextos desfavorecidos, se identifica los factores de riesgo como clave para el desarrollo de las herramientas pedagógicas del proceso socioeducativo.

  14. La mochila "rayá" : del símbolo a la subsistencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Echavarría Usher

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available La mochila "rayá", la mochila en la que cargan los campesinos de toda la llanura del Caribe colombiano el pedazo de queso bajero y la "miguita" de panela, el frasco de café y el bollo de maíz para desayunar en el monte; la mochila que usan también los estudiantes y obreros; esta mochila de fique con rayas de brillantes colores, es tejida por mujeres y niños artesanos que viven en los pueblos y veredas de la región de Atánquez, situada en el árido piedemonte del sureste de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.

  15. Konflik Kebijakan Pertambangan Antara Pemerintah dan Masyarakat di Kabupaten Buton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahrudin

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research are to analysis and describe problems that become a conflict, the actor, and source of conflict at nickel mining in Talaga Raya Buton Municipal. The methods of this research use description qualitative approach. Data collect instrument use observation, interview and documentation. Research’s result shows that conflict can be happened if there are no communication between mining corporation, societies, and government security person in the term of no payback of land, plant which damage because of nickel mining.Beside, in policy formulation without involve societies. So that, it will become a conflict between corporation, societis and government security. This research recommended for government to make rule, which involve societies in formulation, so the interest of all elements will involve and they will implement together

  16. RIHLAH ILMIAH SEBAGAI WISATA INTELEKTUAL KAUM SANTRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umar Buchary Umar Buchary

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Umar Buchary (Penulis, dosen STAIN Pamekasan, Jl. Raya Panglegur Km. 04 Pamekasan. dan mahasiswa Program Doktor Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta     Abstract Any activities that are aimed for any objectives to migrate from one place to other ones mean tourism.This article tends to criticize any romantical and semi-ceremonial interpretation of tourism. It offers tradition of rihlah ‘ilmiyyah that has been established in Pesantren since the 17th century. The aim is to develop and to comprehend Islamic science mastery of Santri (students studying in pondok pesantren for the sake of Islamic scholarshipness they will experience in the future. Kata-kata kunci satri, pesantren dan rihlah ilmiah

  17. Detection of tdh and trh genes in Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from Corbicula moltkiana prime in West Sumatera, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marlina; Radu, Son; Kqueen, Cheah Yoke; Napis, Suhaimi; Zakaria, Zunita; Mutalib, Sahilah Abd; Nishibuchi, Mitsuaki

    2007-03-01

    The occurrence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in raw Corbicula moltkiana Prime from Lake Singkarak and Pasar Raya Padang market and in cooked samples in West Sumatera, Indonesia, was studied. Thirteen raw and seven cooked bivalve samples were positive using CHROMAgar Vibrio medium. All 47 V parahaemolyticus isolates were positive for toxR gene but negative for trh. However, 36% (17/47) of V parahaemolyticus strains were positive for tdh gene. Antibiotic profiling showed that 76% and 38% of isolates from raw and cooked bivalves respectively were resistant to ampicillin. Using RAPD-PCR analysis, most of the strains were clustered according to their source of isolation but some of the strains from raw and cooked samples were clustered together. These results indicate that pathogenic V parahaemolyticus isolates are present in Corbicula moltkiana Prime in West Sumatera, Indonesia, suggesting that V parahaemolyticus may also be present in seafood in other regions of Indonesia.

  18. «Beneméritos cruzados de la cultura española»: el tricentenario de Lope en el ámbito conservador español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor García Ruiz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analizan diversas reacciones ante el Tricentenario lopiano que tienen en común su procedencia del ámbito conservador. Concretamente, las de Felipe Lluch, desde la crítica teatral; Joaquín de Entrambasaguas, desde la revista Fénix dedicada al Tricentenario; Eduardo Marquina, desde la creación escénica; y la revista católica Cruz y Raya. Se concluye que, a la altura de 1935, el tono y las posturas de estos testimonios conservadores coinciden sustancialmente con las aspiraciones de los sectores liberales en la construcción de un Lope popular y nacional.

  19. PERKEMBANGAN HOTEL SYARI’AH DI INDONESIA; MENGONSEP PARIWISATA ISLAMI

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    Fahruddin Ali Sabri

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Fahruddin Ali Sabri (Penulis, dosen STAIN Pamekasan, Jl. Raya Panglegur Km. 04 Pamekasan. Kontak 08521346464, e-mail didin021@yahoo.com     Abstract Indonesian tourism sector has been developed rapidly and significantly. Hotels sector high income contribution indicates the significant development, so it influences public prosperity. Syari’ah Hotel is one of the hotel models offering certain facilities that matches Islamic values.  Its  development opens promising market chance that must be grounded on non-alcohol, drug-abused free and adultery prohibition concept. It facilitates the guests to have comfortable and safe stay. Kata-kata kunci Hotel, Pariwisata dan Syarî’ah

  20. COMMUNITY SURVEY OF HYPERTENTION IN SEMARANG

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    R. Boedhi Darmojo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pada tahun 1976 telah dilakukan survey mengenai penderita hypertensi beberapa kelompok pen­duduk yang terdiri dari kelompok pegawai pemerintah dan buruh golongan sosial ekonomi rendalt di Pendrikan, petani di desa Kaliredjo, penduduk didaerah pedalaman di desa Randublatung, nelayan di pulau Karimunjawa dan beberapa pengunjung pekan raya Semarang tahun 1976. Tujuan survey ialah untuk mempelajari prevalensi hypertensi pada kelompok populasi yang di pilih dalam survey. Berdasar atas metode yang dianjurkan oleh WHO (1972 diantara kelompok penduduk yang berumur 20 tahun keatas hasil survey ini menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi hypertensi didaerah-daerah survey berkisar antara 8,6 -11,8 persen. Angka ini menyerupai angka prevalensi dinegara-negara yang sedang berkembang lainnya. Selain itu diperoleh angka prevalensi terendah 1,8 persen di daerah Ungaran. Pada umumnya prevalensi tinggi terdapat para kelompok wanita dari pada laki-laki. Didaerah urban persentase kesadaran pada penderita hypertensi lebih tinggi di bandingkan dengan di daerah-daerah rural

  1. Contribution of L1 in EFL Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahjuningsih Usadiati

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is conducted in a classroom action research to improve the students’ achievement in writing English sentences in Present Perfect Tense in Structure 1 lessons. The subject consisted of 20 Semester II students who took Structure I lessons in English Education Department of Palangka Raya University, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. The data were taken from the results of pre test and post test after the action was done. The results show that in cycle 1, in which the explanations were fully in English, only 40% of the students got a good achievement; 5-7 out of 20 test items were correct. After cycle 2 was done using L1 interchangeably with English in the explanations, the students’ achievement of writing English sentences in Present Perfect Tense increased to 75%, in which 15-18 out 20 test items were correct.

  2. Motility of magnetotactic bacteria/MTB to Geomagnetic fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidajatullah-Maksoed, Fatahillah

    2016-03-01

    Bacteria with motility directed by a local geomagnetic fields have been observed in marine sediments'' discussed by R. Blakemore, 1975. Magnetotactic bacteria/MTB discovered in 1963 by Salvatore Bellini. For ``off-axis electron holography in the transmission electron microscope was used to correlates the physical & magnetic microstructure of magnetite nanocrystals in magnetotactic bacteria'' sought ``single-domain magnetite in hemopelagic sediments'' from JF Stolz. Otherwise, for potential source of bioproducts- product meant from result to multiplier -of magnetotactic bacteria[ACV Araujo, et.al, 2014 ] of marine drugs retrieved the `measurement of cellular chemotaxis with ECIS/Taxis, from KM Pietrosimone, 2012, whereas after ``earth magnetic field role on small living models'' are other interpretation of ``taxis'' as a movement of a cell instead usual ``tax'' for yew's taxus cuspidate, hired car & taxes in financial realms. Acknowledgements to HE. Mr. H. TUK SETYOHADI, Jl. Sriwijaya Raya 3, South-Jakarta, INDONESIA.

  3. WISATA BERBASIS KOMUNITAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ainurrahman Ainurrahman

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available       Ainurrahman (Penulis, dosen STAIN Pamekasan, Jl. Raya Panglegur Km. 04 Pamekasan. mahasiswa Program Doktor Pascasarjana UGM Yogyakarta e-mail: anik_mamang@yahoo.com; 081230185895     Abstract Unprofessional tourism village starts from a paradigm stating that a community is lack of both knowledge and skill to manage and to develop its own tourism village. Ideally, a Tourism Village must stand on the princple of community based tourism and community based culture centered. One of the parameters of professional tourism village is determined by the quality of truth and opportunity given by the local government for the community to manage and develop a tourism place. The beauty of nature, cultural tradition, and the community daily life are the three basic components in organizing and expanding a total tourism village. Kata-kata kunci komunitas, budaya, wisata

  4. UTILIZING MICROSOFT MATHEMATICS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING CALCULUS

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    Rina Oktaviyanthi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The experimental design was conducted to investigate the use of Microsoft Mathematics, free software made by Microsoft Corporation, in teaching and learning Calculus. This paper reports results from experimental study details on implementation of Microsoft Mathematics in Calculus, students’ achievement and the effects of the use of Microsoft Mathematics on students’ attitudes in relation to such experience. Two classes of the students from the first year student in Universitas Serang Raya were participated in the study. This study found that students who taught by using Microsoft Mathematics had higher achievement and has a positive effect on students’ confidence of mathematics.Keywords: Calculus, Educational Technology, Mathematics Education, Microsoft Mathematics, Technology Application DOI: dx.doi.org/10.22342/jme.61.63

  5. Dimorfismo sexual y relaciones morfométricas de Atlantoraja platana (Günther, 1880 en aguas del golfo San Matías, Patagonia dimorphism and morphometric relationships of Atlantoraja platana (Günther, 1880 in San Matías gulf waters, Patagonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nidia Marina Coller

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: La "raya platana" (Atlantoraja platana, es una especie endémica del Atlántico Sudoccidental, habita desde los 22° S (Uruguay y sur de Brasil hasta los 42° S, región del golfo de San Matías, no siendo encontrada para el resto de la plataforma del mar argentino. Se describen en este estudio aspectos morfométricos de esta raya. En el Golfo San Matías (41°-42°S y 64°-65°O, un total de 778 hembras y 709 machos fueron muestreados de diversas fuentes, entre 2004 y 2006. La longitud total fue de 19 a 89 cm para las hembras y de 19 a 79 cm para los machos. Atlantoraja platana presentó dimorfismo sexual en las relaciones largo-peso y largo-ancho de disco. Desde 41 cm en adelante las hembras fueron más pesadas que los machos. La relación longitud total -peso total fue PT= 0,0132 x LT2,91 para las hembras y PT= 0,0222 x LT2,77 para los machos. Las relaciones de longitud total-ancho de disco fue de AD= 7,27 + 0,762LT para las hembras y AD= 7,768 + 0,798LT para los machos. Este es el primer informe sobre relaciones morfométricas en esta especie del Mar Argentino y puede ser utilizado para fines comparativos entre diferentes localizaciones latitudinales de esta raya.The skate Atlantoraja platana, commonly known in Argentina as "raya platana", is endemic to the Southwest Atlantic. It is distributed from Brasil (24°S to north Patagonian waters (42°11'S. In this study the morphometric aspects of this skate were described. In the San Matías gulf (41°-42°S y 64°-65°W, a total of 778 females and 709 males were sampled from different sources between 2004 and 2006. The total length ranged was 19 to 89 cm for females and 19 to 79 cm for males. Atlantoraja platana was sexually dimorphic in total length-weight and total length-disc width relationships. Since 41 cm onwards the females are being heavier than males. The total length-weight relationship was Pt= 0.0132 x Lt2.91 for females and Pt= 0.0222 x Lt2.77 for males. The total length

  6. Diseño y Visualización Inmersva de Plaza Mayor y Calle Mayor de Madrid en una Cueva de Realidad Virtual

    OpenAIRE

    Quintana Castillo, Sergio

    2010-01-01

    Proyecto Fin de Carrera leído en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en el curso académico 2009/2010. Tutores del Proyecto: Laura Raya González y José San Martín López Hoy en día el turismo es algo cada vez más extendido y común. Son ahora muchas más las personas que se animan a visitar nuevos países, ciudades e incluso, nuevos rincones de su propio entorno. La ciudad de Madrid dispone de múltiples lugares históricos que representan, de uno u otro modo, a la ciudad frente al resto del ...

  7. PHIPS-HALO: the airborne Particle Habit Imaging and Polar Scattering probe - Part 1: Design and operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelmonem, Ahmed; Järvinen, Emma; Duft, Denis; Hirst, Edwin; Vogt, Steffen; Leisner, Thomas; Schnaiter, Martin

    2016-07-01

    The number and shape of ice crystals present in mixed-phase and ice clouds influence the radiation properties, precipitation occurrence and lifetime of these clouds. Since clouds play a major role in the climate system, influencing the energy budget by scattering sunlight and absorbing heat radiation from the earth, it is necessary to investigate the optical and microphysical properties of cloud particles particularly in situ. The relationship between the microphysics and the single scattering properties of cloud particles is usually obtained by modelling the optical scattering properties from in situ measurements of ice crystal size distributions. The measured size distribution and the assumed particle shape might be erroneous in case of non-spherical ice particles. There is a demand to obtain both information correspondently and simultaneously for individual cloud particles in their natural environment. For evaluating the average scattering phase function as a function of ice particle habit and crystal complexity, in situ measurements are required. To this end we have developed a novel airborne optical sensor (PHIPS-HALO) to measure the optical properties and the corresponding microphysical parameters of individual cloud particles simultaneously. PHIPS-HALO has been tested in the AIDA cloud simulation chamber and deployed in mountain stations as well as research aircraft (HALO and Polar 6). It is a successive version of the laboratory prototype instrument PHIPS-AIDA. In this paper we present the detailed design of PHIPS-HALO, including the detection mechanism, optical design, mechanical construction and aerodynamic characterization.

  8. Allosteric indicator displacement enzyme assay for a cyanogenic glycoside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jose, D Amilan; Elstner, Martin; Schiller, Alexander

    2013-10-18

    Indicator displacement assays (IDAs) represent an elegant approach in supramolecular analytical chemistry. Herein, we report a chemical biosensor for the selective detection of the cyanogenic glycoside amygdalin in aqueous solution. The hybrid sensor consists of the enzyme β-glucosidase and a boronic acid appended viologen together with a fluorescent reporter dye. β-Glucosidase degrades the cyanogenic glycoside amygdalin into hydrogen cyanide, glucose, and benzaldehyde. Only the released cyanide binds at the allosteric site of the receptor (boronic acid) thereby inducing changes in the affinity of a formerly bound fluorescent indicator dye at the other side of the receptor. Thus, the sensing probe performs as allosteric indicator displacement assay (AIDA) for cyanide in water. Interference studies with inorganic anions and glucose revealed that cyanide is solely responsible for the change in the fluorescent signal. DFT calculations on a model compound revealed a 1:1 binding ratio of the boronic acid and cyanide ion. The fluorescent enzyme assay for β-glucosidase uses amygdalin as natural substrate and allows measuring Michaelis-Menten kinetics in microtiter plates. The allosteric indicator displacement assay (AIDA) probe can also be used to detect cyanide traces in commercial amygdalin samples.

  9. Kuu kultuurikulgur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Laivüritusest "Punk 2008" Tartus Athena klubis 11. septembril. Briti ansambel Klaxons 6. okt. Tallinnas klubis Hollywood. Moskva laulja Pelageja 5. okt. Tallinna linnahallis ja 7. okt. Jõhvi kontserdimajas. Heategevuskontserdist 14. sept. Tuhalaane kirikumäel (esinevad Tõnis Mägi, Robert Jürjendal, Ain Agan, Andre Maaker, Riho Sibul, Jaak Johanson, Jaak Tuksam jt). Kultuuritehase toetuseks korraldatud kontserdist "Polyymide päev" (esinesid rokkbändid Sõpruse Puiestee, Malena, Pure Mind ja Pilveke). Ooperi "Hullu mehe aias" lavastusest (lavastaja Robert Annus, koreograafia Triin Reemann, dirigent Veronika Portsmuth, lavakujundus ja kostüümide kunstnik Samal Blak Fääri saartelt) 10.-12. septembrini Tallinnas Kultuurikatlas. Kanada ansambli Simple Plan kontserdist 28. okt. Tallinnas klubis Rock Café. Üritustest Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas: 6. sept. esinevad ansambel Paabel+, akordionist Kulno Malva ja DJ Harlet, etendus "Vaterland" 10. sept., Aida muusikud 11. sept., Anu Taul 13. sept. Fernando Stern ja Ethno in Transit 16. septembril. Gruusia ansambli Shin Egari kontsertidest 9. sept. Tartus Genialistide klubis, 10. sept. Estonia kontserdisaalis, 11. sept. Endla teatri küünis Pärnus, 12. sept. Kultuurivaras Kuressaares

  10. A flying start for CERN in H2020

    CERN Multimedia

    EU Projects Office

    2015-01-01

    Following successful participation in a string of some 90 projects within FP7, CERN is also actively involved in Horizon 2020. In 2014, nearly 60 proposals involving CERN’s participation were submitted to various H2020 sub-programmes and the hope is that many more will follow in 2015.   Technological challenges for future detectors, to be addressed by the AIDA-2020 project. The projects coordinated by CERN that have been selected for funding in 2014 span many different fields and activities: science outreach (PopScience), a study of isotopes for medical applications (MEDICIS-PROMED), the development of innovative fibre technologies (INTELUM), international collaboration on accelerator science and technology (E-JADE), novel NMR techniques (BetaDropNMR), new mathematical structures (MathAm) and the procurement of cloud services in Europe (PICSE). After a very encouraging 2014, 2015 started well too: AIDA-2020 and EuroCirCol have recently been selected for funding under the H2020 Rese...

  11. 印超的瞬间之美

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    2013年Djarum印度尼西亚羽毛球超级联赛于2月3日至9日在泗水举行。这届印度尼西亚超级联赛的参赛阵容比2011年来得更为庞大.来自多个不同的外国球会参加了这项比赛。参加2013年Djarum印度尼西亚羽毛球超级联赛的印度尼西亚球会包括了JayaRayaJakarta,Djarum,TangkasSpecs.SGSPLN.JayaRayaSuryanaga,MutiaraBandung与Musica等等。除了印度尼西亚.日本也成为了派遣最多参赛者的国家.参加该比赛的日本球会包括了Unisys.Renesas和EITonami。此外,除了日本,马来西亚与韩国也纷纷派遣了各自的球会到JDBLArenaSurabaya参赛。MalaysianTiger球会将代表马来西亚男团参赛,而马来西亚女团则由MalaysianMAS代表参赛。另外,韩国仅派遣了女团前往印度尼西亚参赛.而KGC韩国人参公社成为了参加这次比赛的韩国代表。夺得大马公开赛9连冠的李宗伟也以外援身份为Musica球会效力。

  12. KELAS MENENGAH, UMNO DAN INTELIGENSIA: TENTANGAN DOMINASI POLITIK BUMIPUTERA ISLAM DI SARAWAK (MIDDLE CLASS, UMNO AND INTELLIGENTSIA: CONTESTING THE MUSLIM BUMIPUTERA'S POLITICAL DOMINATION IN SARAWAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faisal S. Hazis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Barisan Nasional mulai mendominasi politik Sarawak setelah pemimpin bumiputera Islam mengambil alih tampuk pemerintahan negeri daripada pemimpin Iban selepas pilihan raya 1970. Di bawah teraju pemimpin bumiputera Islam ini, Barisan Nasional berjaya menguasai setiap pilihan raya negeri dan parlimen yang diadakan sejak tahun 1970 hingga 2008. Walaupun parti pembangkang melancarkan tentangan sengit pada lewat 1970-an dan pertengahan 1980-an, pemimpin bumiputera Islam ini berjaya mengatasinya untuk terus mengekalkan dominasi parti pemerintah di negeri yang mempunyai bilangan kerusi negeri dan parlimen yang terbanyak. Makalah ini menyusuri dominasi politik pemimpin bumiputera Islam Sarawak dan faktor-faktor yang menyumbang kepada kekuatan mereka yang menjangkau lebih empat dekad. Walaupun kuasa politik pemimpin bumiputera Islam masih bertahan sehingga ke hari ini, beberapa sumber baharu mulai muncul untuk memberikan tentangan terhadap kuasa politik golongan minoriti ini. Sumber tentangan baharu yang dimaksudkan ialah golongan kelas menengah, United Malays National Organisation (UMNO dan inteligensia. Makalah ini mengupas tentangan yang diberikan kelompok ini dan impaknya terhadap politik Sarawak khususnya kepimpinan bumiputera Islam.The ruling Barisan Nasional started to dominate Sarawak politics after the Muslim bumiputera took over the state leadership from the Iban after the 1970 elections. Under the stewardship of the Muslim bumiputera, Barisan Nasional had successfully dominated every state and parliamentary elections held since 1970 to 2008. Although the opposition parties launched a strong challenge towards the Muslim bumiputera's dominance in the late 1970s and middle 1980s, the latter was able to fend off this challenge and continued to uphold the ruling party's grip on the state with the largest number of state and parliamentary seats. This article analyses the Muslim bumiputera's dominance in Sarawak politics and the factors that had

  13. Catchment rehabilitation and hydro-geomorphic characteristics of mountain streams in the western Rift Valley escarpment of Northern Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghebreyohannes Asfaha, Tesfaalem; Frankl, Amaury; Haile, Mitiku; Nyssen, Jan

    2013-04-01

    The catchments in the western Rift Valley escarpment of Northern Ethiopia are highly responsive in terms of hydro-geomorphic changes. With rapid deforestation in the first half of the 20th century, dense gully and scar networks developed, exporting huge amounts of runoff and sediment down to the fertile and densely populated Raya Valley. Consequently, threatening the environment and the livelihoods of the people both in the upstream and downstream areas. To reverse this problem, catchment-scale rehabilitation activities were initiated in the mid-1980s. In this study, we examine the hydro-geomorphic response of streams after catchment rehabilitation. Scar density was digitized from Google Earth imagery (2005) in 20 adjacent catchments and was explained in terms of its corresponding Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and slope gradient. This was accompanied by analysis of incidental repeat photographs and field observations. As evidenced by the series of repeat photographs, the vegetation cover of the catchments decreased up to 1975 and rapid reforestation occurred thereafter. A multiple regression analysis (R2=0.53, Pscar density is negatively correlated with NDVI and positively with average gradient of very steep slopes (>60%). Moreover, due to reduction in discharge and sediment flow from the rehabilitated catchments, stream adjustments were observed in the field: previously braided stream channels have changed to single-thread streams, many lateral bars are stabilized and covered by vegetation, stream channels are incising due to clear water effect and the size of boulder deposits decreases. Therefore, the study shows that, land degradation activities in the upper catchments resulted in changes in hydro-geomorphic characteristics of the streams and reduction in runoff and sediment transport to the Raya Valley. Key words: scar density; NDVI; stream incision; soil and water conservation; stream adjustment; land use change.

  14. Pattani central mosque in Southern Thailand as sanctuary from violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridwan Ridwan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the real quality of  Pattani Central Mosque to depict another picture of mosques in southern Thailand that has been alleged as an arena for the spreading of Islamic radical ideas and the recruiting of young people into ‘martyrs’ against the Thai Government. It is not doubted, the 2004 Kru-ze Mosque incident reflects the failure of places of worship as a‘sanctuary from violence’. Consequently, there are questions about the kind of practices taking place in Islamic teaching, mosque management, and the views held by mosque stakeholders (Imam, the preachers, and congregation toward good governance, human rights and the anticipation of radicalism given the current situation in Pattani. In sum,  Pattani Central Mosque instead seems to be composed of a fairly equal mixture of moderate and more conservative believers rather than those with radical and extreme tendencies.   Artikel ini mendeskripsikan kualitas yang nyata dari Masjid Raya Pattani untuk mengilustrasikan gambaran lain tentang masjid-masjid di Thailand Selatan yang disinyalir sebagai arena penyebaran ide-ide Islam radikal dan rekruitmen orang–orang muda sebagai “martir” melawan Pemerintah Thailand. Tidak terbantahkan, insiden Masjid Kru-ze tahun 2004 merefleksikan kegagalan tempat-tempat ibadah sebagai ‘sanctuary from violence’. Akibatnya, terdapat sejumlah pertanyaan mengenai jenis-jenis praktik pengajaran, manajemen masjid dan pandangan dari para pengelola/takmir masjid (Imam, juru dakwah, and jemaah terhadap pemerintahan yang baik, hak asasi manusia dan antisipasi atas radikalisme di Pattani dewasa ini. Sebagai kesimpulan, Masjid Raya Pattani tampaknya lebih terbentuk oleh gabungan para pengikut yang moderat dan lebih konservatif dibandingkan mereka yang memiliki tendensi-tendensi radikal dan ekstrem.

  15. Obtención de datos de equilibrio en la precipitación de asfaltenos de crudos de petróleo

    OpenAIRE

    Tourkmani Masri, Kenda

    2009-01-01

    Proyecto Fin de Carrera leído en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en el curso académico 2008/2009. Tutores del Proyecto: Javier Dufour Andía y José Antonio Calles Martín Colaborador: Raúl Giménez Aguirre El presente proyecto se enmarca dentro de la línea de investigación sobre Aseguramiento de Flujo de Crudos de Petróleo que se está desarrollando en el Departamento de Tecnología Química y Ambiental de la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en colaboración con el Centro de Tecnología de R...

  16. Required criteria for recognizing new types of chaos: Application to the ``cord'' attractor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letellier, Christophe; Aguirre, Luis A.

    2012-03-01

    After suggesting criteria to recognize a new system and a new attractor—and to make a distinction between them—the paper details the topological analysis of the “cord” attractor. This attractor, which resembles a cord between two leaves, is produced by a three-dimensional system that is obtained after a modification of the Lorenz-84 model for the global atmospheric circulation [L. A. Aguirre and C. Letellier, Phys. Rev. EPLEEE81539-375510.1103/PhysRevE.83.066209 83, 066209 (2011)]. The nontrivial topology of the attractor is described in terms of a template that corresponds to a reverse horseshoe, that is, to a spiral Rössler attractor with negative and positive global π twists. Due to its particular structure and to the fact that such a system has two variables from which the dynamics is poorly observable, this attractor qualifies as a challenging benchmark in nonlinear dynamics.

  17. Chicanos, frontera y revolución

    OpenAIRE

    Áxel Ramírez Morales

    2011-01-01

    La Revolución Mexicana de 1910 captó la atención de migrantes mexicanos y chicanos, porque se sentían enraizados a México y no a Estados Unidos. El área Ciudad Juárez- El Paso constituyó el lugar más estratégico para todas las facciones revolucionarias. Las autoridades estadounidenses enfocaron su atención a líderes como Víctor L. Ochoa y Lauro Aguirre. La comunidad chicana como puente cultural entre nuestros dos países tuvo problemas con su lealtad hacia México o Estados Unidos.

  18. Chicanos, frontera y revolución

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Áxel Ramírez Morales

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La Revolución Mexicana de 1910 captó la atención de migrantes mexicanos y chicanos, porque se sentían enraizados a México y no a Estados Unidos. El área Ciudad Juárez- El Paso constituyó el lugar más estratégico para todas las facciones revolucionarias. Las autoridades estadounidenses enfocaron su atención a líderes como Víctor L. Ochoa y Lauro Aguirre. La comunidad chicana como puente cultural entre nuestros dos países tuvo problemas con su lealtad hacia México o Estados Unidos.

  19. La matanza de los inocentes: Intelectuales cubanas en defensa del niño español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NIALL BINNS

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo estudia el impacto que tuvo en siete intelectuales cubanas la Guerra Civil Española y, concretamente, las imágenes de niños muertos en los bombardeos aéreos de Madrid y otras ciudades republicanas. Estas imágenes, divulgadas por la prensa y los noticiarios cinematográficos, se reiteran obsesivamente en los escritos de Mariblanca Sabas Alomá, Serafina Núñez, Berta Arocena, Mirta Aguirre, Fina García Marruz, Emma Pérez y Teté Casuso. Estas intelectuales cubanas, arropadas por el prestigioso ejemplo de Gabriela Mistral, apelan a su sensibilidad "maternal" para expresar su compasión y para justificar su indignación y su activismo político en defensa del niño español.

  20. El movimiento obrero cubano durante la Guerra de los Diez Años (1868-1878

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casanovas Codina, Joan

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    El presente ensayo analiza un tema poco estudiado: las luchas de los trabajadores urbanos en Cuba durante la Guerra de los Diez Años (1868-1878. Varios autores —Aguirre, Hidalgo, Plasencia— dan a entender que no existió un vínculo entre los orígenes del movimiento obrero cubano en la década de 1860 y las importantes movilizaciones obreras de la década de 1880. Sin embargo, un estudio detallado del período de la guerra muestra que el artesanado de la isla consiguió seguir luchando colectivamente en defensa de sus intereses, lo cual es fundamental para comprender el espectacular crecimiento del movimiento obrero al finalizar la Guerra de los Diez Años en 1878.

  1. 这里为何不平静——当代非洲诗歌的政治性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周伟驰

    2011-01-01

    @@ 由南非诗人菲利帕·维利叶斯(Phillippa Yaa de Villiers)、德国诗人伊莎贝尔·阿闺热(Isabel Ferrin-Aguirre)、中国诗人肖开愚合作编选的2010年面世,成为中非诗人之间民间文化交往的一枚果实.这本诗集与以往的非洲诗歌选本不同的是,入选的都是正活跃在非洲诗坛上的当代诗人,主要是黑非洲诗人,很多是国人以往非常缺乏了解的四十岁左右的"实力派诗人".

  2. Reception, audiences, and cultural consumption in Venezuela (period 2000-2011)

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Díaz, Gustavo

    2013-01-01

    Analizamos el estado del arte de los estudios de recepción, audiencias y consumo cultural en Venezuela durante el período 2000-2011. Examinamos enfoques teóricos sobre el campo de la recepción mediática y cultural, desde las propuestas conceptuales de Aguirre, Barrios y Hernández Díaz. Se pudo constatar, en esta revisión documental, que los estudios de recepción en Venezuela abordan cuatro campos de estudio: 1) Educación para la recepción. 2) Influencia de la televisión. 3) Ciber-recepción. 4...

  3. Bibliografía

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    I. LIBROS Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzalo Formas de gobierno indígena, México, ini-fce, 1991 [1953]. Bailón Corres, Jaime Pueblos indios, élites y territorio. Una historia política de Oaxaca, México, Colmex, 1999. Bartra, Roger La sangre y la tinta. Ensayos sobre la condición postmexicana, México, Océano, 1999. Bayart, Jean-François L’illusion identitaire, París, Fayard, 1996. Briquet, Jean-Louis y Frédéric Sawicki (coords.) Le clientélisme politique dans les sociétés contemporaines, París, puf, 199...

  4. Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2008-01-01

    Nowadays we are facing numerous and important imaging problems: nondestructive testing of materials, monitoring of industrial processes, enhancement of oil production by efficient reservoir characterization, emerging developments in noninvasive imaging techniques for medical purposes - computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), X-ray and ultrasound tomography, etc. In the CIME Summer School on Imaging (Martina Franca, Italy 2002), leading experts in mathematical techniques and applications presented broad and useful introductions for non-experts and practitioners alike to many aspects of this exciting field. The volume contains part of the above lectures completed and updated by additional contributions on other related topics: a general presentation and introduction (Moscoso), X-ray tomography (Natterer), Electromagnetic imaging (Dorn, Bertete-Aguirre, Papanicolaou), coherent imaging in telecommunications in a multiple input-multiple output setup (Dorn...

  5. Sistematización de resultados del Programa de Mejoramiento Cualitativo de la Educación en Institutos Técnicos Profesionales de Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ramírez Alfaro

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Recibido 3 de noviembre de 2006 • Aprobado 15 de noviembre de 2006      Resumen. El presente articulo expone los resultados obtenidos a través del Programa de Mejoramiento Cualitativo de la Educación en Institutos Técnicos Profesionales costarricenses distribuidos en cinco regiones: Zona Norte, Limón, Zona Sur, Pacífico Central (Aguirre y Santa Cruz. Esta experiencia se planteó como proyecto piloto, desarrollando desde los Institutos Técnicos, un diagnóstico situacional y un plan de acciones de intervención para el mejoramiento, en especial, de infraestructuras y equipos didácticos. Posteriormente, se llevo a cabo una etapa de planificación estratégica, de revisión y desarrollo curricular y de planificación táctica o de mediano plazo. Es una propuesta metodológica para el mejoramiento cualitativo de la educación en estos Institutos Técnicos Profesionales.   Abstract. This article shows results obtained in the Program of Qualitative Improvement of Education in Costa Rican Technical Institutes of five different regions: North Region, Limon, South Region, Central Pacific (Aguirre and Santa Cruz. This experience was designed at the Technical Institutes as a pilot project, developing situational diagnoses and interventional action plans for the improvement, specially, of infrastructure and didactic equipment. Subsequently, a planning stage of verification, curriculum development and tactic planning was carried out. This is a methodological proposal for the qualitative improvement of education in these Technical Professional Institutes.

  6. La industria ósea primitiva de Torralba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiliano Aguirre

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La observación repetida de ciertos estigmas no explicables por agentes o procesos naturales en fragmentosm óseos de elefantes y otros mamíferos del yacimiento mesopleistoceno de Torralba del Moral (Soria, con repeticiones también insólitas en tamaños y formas, fueron interpretadas por F.C. Howell, P. Biberson y E. Aguirre como producto de una industria de artefactos de huesos, cuerno y dientes. Su elaboración aparecía menos compleja que la industria paleolítica y se vino a referir como "industria ósea poco elaborada". No se ha comparado con l a"osteodontoquerática" de R. Dart. En 1964, Biberson y Aguirre rompieron huesos de elefante africano actual como contraste experimental de su interpretación. Luego diseñaron un estudio descriptivo y analítico que empezaron a aplicar a más de 200 piezas que consideraban sospechosas. Una revisión corta de esta discusión con varios ejemplos de estigmas, primeros productos de fragmentación verosímilmente intencional, trazas de configuración secundaria, de atrubutos o estructuras útiles, y de algunos que pueden clasificarse como "tipos" o modelos repetidos de utensilios óseos, hallados en dichos yacimientos, es lo que presento, con Munibe, a nuestro amigo y colega Jesus Altuna y a cuantos tambien aprecian su persona y su extensa labor científica.

  7. A dual tag system for facilitated detection of surface expressed proteins in Escherichia coli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarmander Johan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The discovery of the autotransporter family has provided a mechanism for surface expression of proteins in laboratory strains of Escherichia coli. We have previously reported the use of the AIDA-I autotransport system to express the Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis proteins SefA and H:gm. The SefA protein was successfully exposed to the medium, but the orientation of H:gm in the outer membrane could not be determined due to proteolytic cleavage of the N-terminal detection-tag. The goal of the present work was therefore to construct a vector containing elements that facilitates analysis of surface expression, especially for proteins that are sensitive to proteolysis or otherwise difficult to express. Results The surface expression system pAIDA1 was created with two detection tags flanking the passenger protein. Successful expression of SefA and H:gm on the surface of E. coli was confirmed with fluorescently labeled antibodies specific for the N-terminal His6-tag and the C-terminal Myc-tag. While both tags were detected during SefA expression, only the Myc-tag could be detected for H:gm. The negative signal indicates a proteolytic cleavage of this protein that removes the His6-tag facing the medium. Conclusions Expression levels from pAIDA1 were comparable to or higher than those achieved with the formerly used vector. The presence of the Myc- but not of the His6-tag on the cell surface during H:gm expression allowed us to confirm the hypothesis that this fusion protein was present on the surface and oriented towards the cell exterior. Western blot analysis revealed degradation products of the same molecular weight for SefA and H:gm. The size of these fragments suggests that both fusion proteins have been cleaved at a specific site close to the C-terminal end of the passenger. This proteolysis was concluded to take place either in the outer membrane or in the periplasm. Since H:gm was cleaved to a much greater extent

  8. Transferts historiographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques-Emmanuel Bernard

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available « L’attention des Grecs commençait à être attirée par les particularités de la société romaine et du comportement des Romains dans les relations internationales. Il est vrai que le fameux jeu des valeurs romaines – fides, constantia, severitas, gravitas, auctoritas, etc. – fut redécouvert pour la première fois par des professeurs allemands au cours de la Première Guerre mondiale, et qu’il aida leurs élèves à rester dans une position d’attente pendant que Hitler décidait du sort qui serait rés...

  9. Measurements of vibrato parameters in long sustained crescendo notes as sung by ten sopranos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bretos, Jose; Sundberg, Johan

    2003-09-01

    Two high-pitched and long sustained notes, F5 and A5, were selected from an aria found in ten commercial recordings of G Verdi's opera Aida by ten different sopranos. Both notes were sung without any instrumental accompaniment and with a crescendo. These audio examples were analyzed with regard to fundamental frequency, vibrato rate, vibrato extent, intonation and sound level, and the relationship among these parameters. The results reveal that vibrato rate differed significantly between the tones in most of the singers and confirm Prame's observations that vibrato rate tends to increase exponentially toward the end of tones. Moreover, both vibrato extent and mean F0 often varied systematically with sound level. The regularity of the vibrato tended to be greater at F5 than at A5.

  10. Proposal for characterization of muon spectrometers for neutrino beam lines with the Baby MIND

    CERN Document Server

    Noah, E

    2015-01-01

    Neutrino detectors based on state-of-the-art plastic scintillators read out with solid state photo-sensors, as well as new magnetization schemes, have been developed in the framework of AIDA. Meaningful size prototypes are under construction. In the framework of the CERN neutrino platform, we propose to test a Totally Active Scintillator Detector (TASD) and a prototype of a Magnetized Iron Neutrino Detector (MIND), called Baby MIND in the H8 beam line in 2016-2018. The design of the detectors and the purpose and plans for the beam tests are presented. An opportunity to use the Baby MIND detector in a real neutrino beam at JPARC for the measurement of the cross-section ratio between Water and scintillator (WAGASCI experiment) is described.

  11. AIR FORCE 1二十五周年庆典

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    AIDAS SUPERSTAR 35TH之后,NIKE AIR FORCE1 25周年对于体育潮流界来说是不能忽视的重要事件!以NIKE传奇设计师Bruce Kilgore为核心的创作团队也致力让NIKE AIR FORCE1在25周年之际让它更加放射光芒!NIKE AIR FORCE1 25周年不仅包含了纪念意义,也包含了NIKE对于业界的野心和期望。随后发表的一系列NIKE AF1 25周年别注将代表NIKE最高级设计和制作工艺。据悉,之后每款NIKE AIR FORCE别注都将拍摄特别短片!

  12. The Timepix telescope for charged particle tracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hynds, Daniel

    2013-12-01

    The Timepix telescope has been developed as a general purpose tool for studying the performance of position sensitive charged particle detectors. Initiated as part of the infrastructure for the development of a new vertex detector for the LHCb experiment, the system was extended under the FP7 project AIDA to allow its use as an external facility by several groups within both the high energy and medical physics communities. Based at the CERN SPS, high track rates (up to 18 kHz), precise spatial resolution at the device under test (down to 1.6 μm), and a flexible integration method have all been demonstrated. The telescope is constructed using the Timepix ASIC, a hybrid pixel chip with an active area of 14×14 mm2.

  13. Forecasting Nike’s Sales using Facebook Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boldt, Linda Camilla; Vinayagamoorthy, Vinothan; Winder, Florian

    2016-01-01

    the method of social set analysis from the domain of computational social science to model sales from Big Social Data. The dataset consists of (a) selection of Nike’s Facebook pages with the number of likes, comments, posts etc. that have been registered for each page per day and (b) business data in terms......This paper tests whether accurate sales forecasts for Nike are possible from Facebook data and how events related to Nike affect the activity on Nike’s Facebook pages. The paper draws from the AIDA sales framework (Awareness, Interest, Desire,and Action) from the domain of marketing and employs...... of quarterly global sales figures published in Nike’s financial reports. An event study is also conducted using the Social Set Visualizer (SoSeVi). The findings suggest that Facebook data does have informational value. Some of the simple regression models have a high forecasting accuracy. The multiple...

  14. How To Save Money In College%大学期间怎样省钱

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lois Ryan; 阮峰

    2010-01-01

    @@ If you are a full-time student in college,money is always going to be an issue.The first thing you have to consider is whether you are going to have enough money to pay for the tuition forthe fall and spnng semesters.Most colleges offer scholarships and financial aid.As a last resort,you can get a student loan.Most students do get approved for the loans.Still,if you have your living expenses and tuition paid for,you'll have other things to consider.These include food,unless you are on the meal plan,clothing,personal hygiene1 products,books and entertainment-you want to have a fun time at college also.

  15. Ice nucleation properties of agricultural soil dusts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinke, Isabelle; Funk, Roger; Busse, Jacqueline; Iturri, Antonela; Kirchen, Silke; Leue, Martin; Möhler, Ottmar; Schwartz, Thomas; Sierau, Berko; Toprak, Emre; Ulrich, Andreas; Hoose, Corinna; Leisner, Thomas

    2015-04-01

    Soil dust particles emitted from agricultural areas contain large amounts of organic material such as fungi, bacteria and plant debris. Being carrier for potentially highly ice-active biological particles, agricultural soil dusts are candidates for being very ice-active as well. In this work, we present ice nucleation experiments conducted in the AIDA cloud chamber. We investigated the ice nucleation efficiency of four types of soil dust from different regions of the world. Results are presented for the immersion freezing and the deposition nucleation mode: all soil dusts show higher ice nucleation efficiencies than desert dusts, especially at temperatures above 254 K. For one soil dust sample, the effect of heat treatments was investigated. Heat treatments did not affect the ice nucleation efficiency which presumably excludes primary biological particles as the only source of the increased ice nucleation efficiency. Therefore, organo-mineral complexes or organic compounds may contribute substantially to the high ice nucleation activity of agricultural soil dusts.

  16. Multi-analytical study of paint and varnish on a 17th century wooden polychrome antependium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aida Grga

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The antependium of Saint Michael's altar from the church of Saint Catherine in Osič, Croatia, is a work of the 17th century artist Matej Otoni. As a part of her Master's thesis, Aida Grga carried out a complex analysis of the paint layer (binding medium and pigments and of the resinous varnish found on the object. Thin layer chromatography, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and micro-chemical analysis were used to identify the materials. The investigation was carried out in the Laboratory for Conservation Research at the Arts Academy of the University of Split, under the supervision of PhD Ivica Ljubenkov.L’antependium de Saint Michel provenant de l’église de Sainte Catherine à Osič, Croatie, est l’œuvre de l’artiste Matej Otoni (XVIIe siècle. Dans le cadre de sa thèse de maîtrise, Aida Grga a exécuté une analyse complexe de la couche picturale (liant et matières colorantes et du vernis trouvés sur l’objet. La chromatographie sur couche mince, la spectroscopie infrarouge (FT-IR et une analyse microchimique ont été utilisés pour identifier les matériaux. La recherche a été effectuée sous la supervision de Dr. Ivica Ljubenkov au Laboratoire de Recherche en Conservation auprès de l’Académie des Beaux Arts de l’Université de Split.

  17. La macroestructura del folleto bancario como instrumento de persuasión: estudio contrastivo inglés-español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Alberola Colomar

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio es el análisis de una muestra de folletos bancarios con el fin de encontrar una macroestructura prototípica para este género. Además, estudiamos la existencia de una posible relación entre la estructura genérica de los folletos bancarios y la estrategia publicitaria denominada AIDA (responde a las siglas de los términos ingleses: Attention, Interest, Desire, Action. Se intenta demostrar que AIDA es el criterio que unifica la estructura de este género y que la macroestructura se convierte en un instrumento de persuasión. En este artículo se analizan 120 folletos bancarios de entidades españolas y entidades pertenecientes a las Islas Británicas. El corpus seleccionado cubre los temas de ahorros, seguros y préstamos. Además, se realiza un análisis contrastivo (folletos escritos en inglés y en español para comprobar la influencia de la globalización del mercado financiero europeo en el proceso de composición del folleto bancario. Los folletos bancarios no son los únicos documentos que se incluyen en las campañas publicitarias de las entidades financieras. Por lo tanto, en este artículo se lleva a cabo también un estudio comparativo con análisis de género de otros instrumentos publicitarios, concretamente los anuncios escritos y las cartas de venta.

  18. Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Cool Virulence Factors of Ralstonia solanacearum Race 3 Biovar 2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanhong Meng

    Full Text Available While most strains of the plant pathogenic bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum are tropical, the race 3 biovar 2 (R3bv2 subgroup attacks plants in cooler climates. To identify mechanisms underlying this trait, we compared the transcriptional profiles of R. solanacearum R3bv2 strain UW551 and tropical strain GMI1000 at 20°C and 28°C, both in culture and during tomato pathogenesis. 4.2% of the ORFs in the UW551 genome and 7.9% of the GMI1000 ORFs were differentially expressed by temperature in planta. The two strains had distinct transcriptional responses to temperature change. GMI1000 up-regulated several stress response genes at 20°C, apparently struggling to cope with plant defenses. At the cooler temperature, R3bv2 strain UW551 up-regulated a cluster encoding a mannose-fucose binding lectin, LecM; a quorum sensing-dependent protein, AidA; and a related hypothetical protein, AidC. The last two genes are absent from the GMI1000 genome. In UW551, all three genes were positively regulated by the adjacent SolI/R quorum sensing system. These temperature-responsive genes were required for full virulence in R3bv2. Mutants lacking lecM, aidA, or aidC were each significantly more reduced in virulence on tomato at 20°C than at 28°C in both a naturalistic soil soak inoculation assay and when they were inoculated directly into tomato stems. The lecM and aidC mutants also survived poorly in potato tubers at the seed tuber storage temperature of 4°C, and the lecM mutant was defective in biofilm formation in vitro. Together, these results suggest novel mechanisms, including a lectin, are involved in the unique temperate epidemiology of R3bv2.

  19. Development and characterization of an ice-selecting pumped counterflow virtual impactor (IS-PCVI) to study ice crystal residuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiranuma, Naruki; Möhler, Ottmar; Kulkarni, Gourihar; Schnaiter, Martin; Vogt, Steffen; Vochezer, Paul; Järvinen, Emma; Wagner, Robert; Bell, David M.; Wilson, Jacqueline; Zelenyuk, Alla; Cziczo, Daniel J.

    2016-08-01

    Separation of particles that play a role in cloud activation and ice nucleation from interstitial aerosols has become necessary to further understand aerosol-cloud interactions. The pumped counterflow virtual impactor (PCVI), which uses a vacuum pump to accelerate the particles and increase their momentum, provides an accessible option for dynamic and inertial separation of cloud elements. However, the use of a traditional PCVI to extract large cloud hydrometeors is difficult mainly due to its small cut-size diameters (dynamics simulations were initially carried out to guide the design of the IS-PCVI. After fabrication, a series of validation laboratory experiments were performed coupled with the Aerosol Interaction and Dynamics in the Atmosphere (AIDA) expansion cloud simulation chamber. In the AIDA chamber, test aerosol particles were exposed to the ice supersaturation conditions (i.e., RHice > 100 %), where a mixture of droplets and ice crystals was formed during the expansion experiment. In parallel, the flow conditions of the IS-PCVI were actively controlled, such that it separated ice crystals from a mixture of ice crystals and cloud droplets, which were of diameter ≥ 10 µm. These large ice crystals were passed through the heated evaporation section to remove the water content. Afterwards, the residuals were characterized with a suite of online and offline instruments downstream of the IS-PCVI. These results were used to assess the optimized operating parameters of the device in terms of (1) the critical cut-size diameter, (2) the transmission efficiency and (3) the counterflow-to-input flow ratio. Particle losses were characterized by comparing the residual number concentration to the rejected interstitial particle number concentration. Overall results suggest that the IS-PCVI enables inertial separation of particles with a volume-equivalent particle size in the range of ~ 10-30 µm in diameter with small inadvertent intrusion (~  5 %) of unwanted

  20. A molecular tool for detection and tracking of a potential indigenous Beauveria bassiana strain for managing emerald ash borer populations in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johny, Shajahan; Kyei-Poku, George

    2014-10-01

    Emerald ash borer is an invasive species from Asia. Beauveria bassiana strain L49-1AA is being tested for the control of emerald ash borer in Canada, using an autocontamination trapping system. We have developed a simplified allele discrimination polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to screen B. bassiana strain, L49-1AA from other Beauveria species by targeting the inter-strain genetic differences in 5' end of EF1-α gene of the genus Beauveria. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) site, T→C was identified only in L49-1AA and was used to develop a simplified allele discrimination polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay based on a modified allelic inhibition of displacement activity (AIDA) approach for distinguishing B. bassiana L49-1AA from all background Beauveria isolates. The SNP site was employed to design inner primers but with a deliberate mismatch introduced at the 3' antepenultimate from the mutation site in order to maximize specificity and detection efficiency. Amplification was specific to L49-1AA without cross-reaction with DNA from other Beauveria strains. In addition, the designed primers were also tested against environmental samples in L49-1AA released plots and observed to be highly efficient in detecting and discriminating the target strain, L49-1AA from both pure and crude DNA samples. This new method can potentially allow for more discriminatory tracking and monitoring of released L49-1AA in our autocontamination and dissemination projects for managing EAB populations. Additionally, the modified-AIDA format has potential as a tool for simultaneously identifying and differentiating closely related Beauveria species, strains/isolates as well as general classification of other pathogens or organisms.

  1. A new species of Auriculostoma (Digenea: Allocreadiidae) in the Mexican tetra Astyanax mexicanus (Actinopterygii: Characidae) from Central Veracruz, Mexico, described with the use of morphological and molecular data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razo-Mendivil, Ulises; Mendoza-Garfias, Berenit; de León, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce; Rubio-Godoy, Miguel

    2014-06-01

    Auriculostoma totonacapanensis n. sp. is described from the Mexican tetra, Astyanax mexicanus (Actinopterygii, Characidae) collected in a tributary creek of the Bobos River in Filipinas, Veracruz, Mexico. The new species is set apart from all congeners by the combination of some morphological characters such as the testes position (oblique in most specimens), the ventral to oral sucker ratio (1:1.2 × 1:1.1), the cirrus sac originating at the ovarian region, and by having vitelline follicles not confluent in the posttesticular region. Auriculostoma totonacapanensis n. sp. closely resembles Auriculostoma platense (Szidat, 1954) Scholz, Aguirre-Macedo, and Choudhury, 2004 and Auriculostoma diagonale Curran, Tkach and Overstreet, 2011 by possessing oblique testes; however, it differs from both species by possessing a genital pore located at level of the cecal bifurcation and by having vitelline follicles extending anteriorly up to the cecal bifurcation level, instead of a genital pore located between the anterior margin of the ventral sucker and cecal bifurcation, and vitelline follicles extending anteriorly to the mid level of the esophagus as in A. platense or to the pharynx level as in A. diagonale. Additionally, the new species differs from A. diagonale by having vitelline follicles not confluent or scarcely confluent in the posttesticular region rather than extensively confluent. Scanning electron microscopy micrographs of the new species demonstrated the presence of a single pair of muscular lobes on either side of the oral sucker, with a broad base, stretching from the ventrolateral to the dorsolateral side. Maximum parsimony and Bayesian inference analyses of the 28S rRNA gene sequences placed A. totonacapanensis as sister species of Auriculostoma astyanace Scholz, Aguirre-Macedo, and Choudhury, 2004 . Nucleotide variation between A. totonacapanensis and A. astyanace was 2.0% and 3.6% for the 28S rRNA gene and ITS2 sequences, respectively. Sequence variation

  2. Growth responses of Brassica juncea to phosphorus application from different sources of fertilizer under salt stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badar-uz-Zaman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Under salt-stress conditions, available phosphorus may not be in adequate amounts or in accessible forms for timely utilization by plants. This study was carried out to observe the growth and Na+ /K+ ratio in Brassica juncea having phosphorus supplied from commercial fertilizers under salt stress. Seeds of Brassica juncea (cv. Raya Anmol were germinated and the seedlings raised in standard nutrient solution under controlled conditions. Phosphorus was applied from three sources of fertilizers i.e. DAP, SSP and TSP @ 2 (as control and 10 mmol L-1. Salt stress was developed with NaCl (150 mmol L-1. Under salt stress and elevated P application as SSP and TSP, fresh mass was higher than with DAP source. Dry mass was higher with SSP source than with DAP and TSP. Na+ /K+ ratio was low using SSP. P-uptake by the plants was highest using TSP. For growth parameters and Na+ /K+ ratio, phosphate fertilizers contributed differentially under salt stress.

  3. Environmental and Social Impacts of Oil Palm Plantations and their Implications for Biofuel Production in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krystof Obidzinski

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the development of oil palm with linkages to biofuel in Indonesia and analyzes the associated environmental and socioeconomic impacts. We selected three plantation study sites in West Papua (Manokwari, West Kalimantan (Kubu Raya, and Papua (Boven Digoel to assess the impacts. Research findings indicate that the development of oil palm in all three sites has caused deforestation, resulting in significant secondary external impacts such as water pollution, soil erosion, and air pollution. In terms of social impacts, many stakeholder groups, i.e., employees, out-growers, and investing households, report significant gains. However, we found these benefits were not evenly distributed. Other stakeholders, particularly traditional landowners, experienced restrictions on traditional land use rights and land losses. We observed increasing land scarcity, rising land prices, and conflicts over land in all sites. Three major trade-offs are associated with the development of oil palm plantations, including those related to biofuels: unevenly distributed economic benefits are generated at the cost of significant environmental losses; there are some winners but also many losers; and economic gains accrue at the expense of weak rule of law. To reduce the negative impacts and trade-offs of oil palm plantations and maximize their economic potential, government decision makers need to restrict the use of forested land for plantation development, enforce existing regulations on concession allocation and environmental management, improve monitoring of labor practices, recognize traditional land use rights, and make land transfer agreements involving customary land more transparent and legally binding.

  4. Analisis Probabilitas Perpindahan Moda Dari Bus Ke Kereta Api Siliwangi Jurusan Sukabumi-Cianjur Menggunakan Analisis Regresi Logit Biner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Fatoni Nurdiansyah

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Pemerintah mulai mengaktifkan kembali jalur kereta api jurusan Sukabumi – Cianjur, pengaktifan KA Siliwangi diharapkan mampu memaksimalkan pengangkutan dan pelayanan terhadap penumpang dan barang serta memberikan alternatif pilihan moda kepada warga Sukabumi dan Cianjur. Sehingga dengan menggunakan KA Siliwangi diharapkan bisa menghindari masalah yang dialami oleh pengguna akses jalan raya, seperti kemacetan yang disebabkan oleh perbaikan jalan dan aktifitas industri yang sering dialami oleh pengguna kendaraan pribadi dan kendaraan umum di jalan Sukabumi-Cianjur. Teknik Stated Preference digunakan untuk mendapatkan data primer dengan penyebaran kuisioner kepada penumpang bus jurusan Sukabumi –Cianjur. Data yang diperoleh dari penyebaran kuisioner kemudian dianalisa. Hal yang dianalisa yaitu karakteristik penumpang bus serta kesediaan penumpang bus untuk beralih menggunakan moda kereta api. Untuk menganalisa probabilitas digunakan logit biner untuk memudahkan proses analisa. Dengan analisa regresi logistik biner diharapkan probabilitas perpindahan moda dapat diketahui. Dari hasil regresi didapatkan dari analisa regresi logistik biner didapatkan penumpang 61,92% dari 239 responden yang bersedia pindah dari bus ke KA Siliwangi tujuan Sukabumi-Cianjur, dengan 53 orang responden (39,3% yang menginginkan tarif sebesar Rp 20.000 dan 135 orang responden (56,5% waktu tempuh yang diharapkan selama 60 menit menggunakan KA Siliwangi

  5. Prediksi Skala Indeks Artroplasti Pada Gonartrosis Akhir (Siaga Untuk Menilai Keberhasilan Penggantian Sendi Lutut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Rahadian Rahim

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Knee replacement (KR is an expensive operation, in order to have cost effective benefit, a predictor for the operative outcome is required. SIAGA (Skala Indeks Artroplasti pada Gonartrosis Akhir prediction score model and SIAGA survival prediction can be used as predictors for outcome result in knee arthroplasty . The ambispective kohort study was performed on 189 KR operation for 161 arthritis patients at Siaga Raya Hospital Jakarta, period 1990-2003, using survival analysis, diagnostic and reliability test. The results were as follow: ratio female:male: 4.1:1. The age between 44-87 years old with an average 66.4 years old. Survival rate as much as 170 cases, loss to follow up 15 cases and death 2 cases. The PSL survival analysis for degenerative gonarthrosis remains at 96.6% but the survival analysis for rheumatoid arthritis decreased from 95% to 85%. The COX regression analysis are significant for all diagnostic variables: gender, age, stage, bone mass index, underlying disease, previous therapy, and body mass index. The reliability values SIAGA A1 prediction, SIAGA A2 prediction, SIAGA B1 prediction and SIAGA B2 prediction were achieved agreement value in 82-91% range, Kappa 0.2–0.5 range and p = 0,000. We conclude the SIAGA predictions can be used as predictor for knee arthroplasty outcome.

  6. Un espacio (trans fronterizo. El cambio de actitud / A (trans border´s area. The attitud´s change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Amador Moreno

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Dentro del imaginario de una nación, del imaginario político y cultural existen las llamadas fronteras. En ocasiones, viene a ser una metáfora de la transgresión, pero las fronteras no siempre cumplen ese papel. La frontera del oeste Ibérico (Extremadura-Alentejo/Beira bien podría ser el caso de una raya llena de convenios bilaterales, de trabajo en equipo y buenas relaciones. Un cambio surgido en las últimas décadas gracias al Estatuto de Autonomía de la región extremeña y del interés que los ciudadanos han demostrado por la cultura del otro. Abstract To help explain the National, Political and Cultural Identity we often use the term “Boundaries”. Sometimes, this term becomes a metaphor for transgresstion, but the “boundaries” do not always fulfill that role. The West Iberian border, between Spain and Portugal, could well be the case of bilateral agreements, teamwork and good relationships. Recently, a change emerged thanks to the Statute of Autonomy. The citizens of this region full interest is became for each others culture not too much time ago.

  7. Using the local gas-phase oxygen abundances to explore a metallicity-dependence in SNe Ia luminosities

    CERN Document Server

    Moreno-Raya, M E; Molla, M; Galbany, L; Vilchez, J M; Carnero, A

    2016-01-01

    We present an analysis of the gas-phase oxygen abundances of a sample of 28 galaxies in the local Universe (z < 0.02) hosting Type Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia). The data were obtained with the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope (WHT). We derive local oxygen abundances for the regions where the SNe Ia exploded by calculating oxygen gradients through each galaxy (when possible) or assuming the oxygen abundance of the closest HII region. The sample selection only considered galaxies for which distances not based on the the SN Ia method are available. Then, we use a principal component analysis to study the dependence of the absolute magnitudes on the color of the SN Ia, the oxygen abundances of the region where they exploded, and the stretch of the SN light curve. We demonstrate that our previous result suggesting a metallicity-dependence on the SN Ia luminosity for not-reddened SNe Ia (Moreno-Raya et al. 2016) can be extended to our whole sample. These results reinforce the need of including a metallicity proxy, such...

  8. Studi Proses Pemisahan Bitumen dari Asbuton dengan Proses Hot Water Menggunakan Bahan Pelarut Kerosin dan Larutan Surfaktan

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    Mochamad Sidiq

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini merupakan studi proses pemisahan bitumen dari asbuton dengan proses hot water menggunakan bahan pelarut kerosin dan larutan surfaktan. Asbuton adalah aspal alam yang terdeposit dalam batuan dengan kadar bitumen antara 15-30% yang terdapat di Pulau Buton, Sulawesi Tenggara dengan jumlah deposit aspal sebesar 677juta ton. Bitumen dapat digunakan sebagai campuran aspal minyak untuk pembangunan dan pemeliharaan sarana infrastruktur berupa jalan raya. Salah satu cara pemisahan bitumen dari mineral adalah dengan proses hot water menggunakan bahan pelarut kerosin dan larutan surfaktan. Sistem yang ditinjau dalam penelitian ini adalah tangki berpengaduk berbentuk silinder dengan kapasitar 2000cm2. Dalam penelitian ini akan ditinjau pengaruh dari penambahan ratio larutan surfaktan/asbuton dan penambahan kerosin terhadap %recovery bitumen. Proses ekstraksi dilakukan selama 20 menit dengan suhu proses 90oC dan kecepatan putar pengaduk 1500 rpm. Hasil proses ini akan terbentuk 3 lapisan yaitu lapisan atas terdiri dari larutan bitumen (kerosin dan bitumen, lapisan tengah terdiri dari air, larutan surfaktan dan mineral murni yang terpisah, dan lapisan bawah terdiri dari asbuton yang tidak terekstrak, kerosin dan sedikit air. Lapisan paling atas di ambil dan dilakukan analisa densitasnya untuk diketahui konsentrasi bitumennya. Sehingga dapat dihitung %recovery bitumen yang dihasilkan. Lapisan paling atas dipisahkan dan dianalisa konsentrasi bitumennya dengan mengukur densitasnya. Dari hasil eksperimen diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa (% recovery bitumen tertinggi adalah pada penambahan kerosin 50% dan 0,1% konsentrasi larutan surfaktan 35 % sebesar 80,797%.

  9. In Vitro Screening for Drought Tolerance in Different Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench Varieties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yohannes Tsago

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Drought is one of the complex environmental factors affecting growth and yield of sorghum in arid and semi-arid areas of the world. Sixteen elite sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L Moench genotypes were evaluated for their genetic potential to drought tolerance at callus induction and plant regeneration stage for drought tolerance. The non-ionic water soluble polymer polyethylene glycol (PEG of molecular weight 6000 was used as osmoticum to simulate water stress. The factorial experiment was laid down in a completely randomized design which comprised of a combination of two factors (genotypes and five PEG stress level; 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0% (w/v treatments. Data were recorded for callus induction efficiency, callus fresh weight, embryogenic callus percentage and plant regeneration percentage. Significant differences were observed among the genotypes, treatments and their interactions for the evaluated plant traits suggesting a great amount of variability for drought tolerance in sorghum. The correlation analysis also revealed strong and significant association between embryogenic callus percent and plant regeneration percent as well as between embryogenic callus percent and plant regeneration percent. By taking into consideration all the measured traits, Mann Whitney rank sum test revealed that 76T1#23 and Teshale followed by Meko, Gambella-1107 and Melkam showed better drought stress tolerance. Therefore they are recommended to be used as parents for genetic analysis, gene mapping and improvement of drought tolerance while Chelenko, Hormat and Raya appear to be drought sensitive.

  10. Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using plant extracts as reducing agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elia P

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Paz Elia,1 Raya Zach,1 Sharon Hazan,2 Sofiya Kolusheva,2 Ze’ev Porat,1,3 Yehuda Zeiri1,3 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, 2Ilse Katz Institute of Nanotechnology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, 3Division of Chemistry, Negev Nuclear Research Center Beersheba, Israel Abstract: Gold nanoparticles (GNPs were prepared using four different plant extracts as reducing and stabilizing agents. The extracts were obtained from the following plants: Salvia officinalis, Lippia citriodora, Pelargonium graveolens and Punica granatum. The size distributions of the GNPs were measured using three different methods: dynamic light scattering, nanoparticle-tracking analysis and analysis of scanning electron microscopy images. The three methods yielded similar size distributions. Biocompatibility was examined by correlation of L-cell growth in the presence of different amounts of GNPs. All GNPs showed good biocompatibility and good stability for over 3 weeks. Therefore, they can be used for imaging and drug-delivery applications in the human body. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy was used to view the shapes of the larger GNPs, while infrared spectroscopy was employed to characterize the various functional groups in the organic layer that stabilize the particles. Finally, active ingredients in the plant extract that might be involved in the formation of GNPs are proposed, based on experiments with pure antioxidants that are known to exist in that plant. Keywords: gold nanoparticles, Lippia citriodora, Salvia officinalis, Pelargonium graveolens, Punica granatum, antioxidants, size distribution, zeta potential

  11. Perceptions Towards Non-Value-Adding Activities During The Construction Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Haryati

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-value-adding activities are pure waste during the construction process. However, most of the construction practitioner does not realise that most of the activities performed during the construction process add no value to their project. A total of 375 numbers of questionnaires distributed to the Developer, Jabatan Kerja Raya, Consultants and Contractors. The study found that awareness by construction participants in Malaysia to take actions against non-value-adding activities during the construction process is relatively low. Through analysed by using the Pareto Chart, it has been found that defects and waiting time are two categories of non-value-adding activities that need to be prioritised by the industry. It is also found that non-value-adding activities most frequently occurred during structural and architectural work. This paper also reviewed on the causes of non-value-adding activities and discussed its effect towards time, cost, quality and productivity of the construction project. This paper is also important to give clearness and broader understandings on this form of waste other than material waste.

  12. Socialdemocracia y capital: las raíces neoclásicas del modelo sueco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario del Rosal Crespo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available La socialdemocracia ha tenido en el Modelo Sueco su referente por antonomasia. Sin embargo, las raíces teóricas de esta experiencia histórica, lejos de implementar los principios típicos del keynesianismo, se asentaron sobre unas bases de marcado carácter neoclásico. A través del conocido como Modelo Rehn-Meidner, posteriormente afianzado por el llamado Modelo EFO, la socialdemocracia sueca estableció un marco de política fiscal y monetaria restrictiva en el que se desarrolló una política salarial solidaria cimentada en un poderoso sindicalismo y un sólido sistema corporativista de negociación colectiva centralizada. Así, mediante la paulatina igualación y la contención de los salarios, se buscaba estimular la productividad, mantener a raya los costes laborales y facilitar la concentración y la centralización del capital. El objetivo final era favorecer la competitividad del sector exportador sueco con el fin de asegurar una rentabilidad y un ritmo de acumulación adecuados.

  13. PAGAR UNTUK MENGURANGI INTRUSI POLUSI DEBU HALUS KE DALAM BANGUNAN

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    Thomas J. Scanlon

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of fence in reducing particulate matter concentration from street traffic to adjacent buildings (i.e. houses were studied by using computational fluid dynamics. A variety of fence property: porosity, height,positions relative to the house and wind direction were investigated related to a constant set of weather data of a hot-humid country (i.e. Indonesia. This investigation shows that a solid fence, which is close proximity to the building, will give a considerable particulate matter reduction carried by an oblique wind direction of up to 11%. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Ide dasar bahwa penyebaran suatu zat dapat dikurangi atau dihalangi dengan sistem bloking diuji dengan menggunakan metode komputasi dinamika fluida (CFD. Keragaman kondisi fisik pembatas antara sumber zat dan penerima zat meliputi : kerapatan, besaran (tinggi dan panjang, perletakan terhadap bangunan/jalan dan arah angin diuji pengaruhnya terhadap kemampuan mengurangi penyebaran debu halus dari jalan raya ke dalam bangunan yang lokasinya berdekatan dengan jalan tersebut. Kondisi cuaca yang menyertai pengujian dikhususkan pada kondisi iklim tropis lembab. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa pagar pembatas yang terbuat dari bahan dengan kerapatan 100% mampu mengurangi penyebaran debu halus di balik pagar sampai 11 %. Kata kunci: konsentrasi debu halus, pagar pembatas, kerapatan, jarak halaman, bangunan, CFD.

  14. THE EFFECTS OF TEACHING CRITICAL THINKING ON STUDENTS’ ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A’am Rifaldi Khunaifi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study is directed to find out whether teaching critical thinking affects the writing ability of argumentative essay. This research employed quasi experimental design as it was intended to measure the effects of the strategy on the students’ ability in writing argumentative essay. The samples of the study were the students of class A and B enrolled in the seventh semester of the English Education Department of State Islamic College of Palangka Raya. To collect the data needed, it was used test as the instrument; it was Academic Writing for IELTS Test. The data were processed and analyzed by using SPSS 19.0 statistic technique of independent t-test and paired-sample t-test, and the analized data were concluded. From the result of the test, the independent t-test calculation in posttest scores in both groups shows that the significance value is higher than level of significance (0.194 > 0.05. It indicates that there is no significant difference between experimental and control groups. Moreover, the paired t-test calculation shows the result of paired sample test (0.000 < 0.05 in which there is a significant difference between pretest and posttest scores in experimental group after having treatments. Keywords: critical thinking, writing ability, argumentative essay

  15. Potensi Lumpur Sawit (SOLID Sebagai Pakan Ruminansia di Kabupaten Pelalawan Provinsi Riau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kodri Yanto

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Potential of palm oil’s waste (solid as ruminant feed in Pelalawan district of Riau Province ABSTRACT. The objective of this study was to know potential of solid waste in Pelalawan district, Riau province. Research was carried out from December 2007 – January 2008 in Pelalawan district by using 4 factories of Elaeis guineensis (PKS. The four factories that were used for data collection were PT. Multi Palma Sejahtera (MPS, PT. Inti Indo Sawit Subur (IIS, PT. Sinar Agro Raya (SAR and PT. Musim Mas (MM. The results of study showed that solid waste in Pelalawan district of Riau province had a great potential. Production of solid waste in Pelalawan district was around 76.176 tons/year and carrying capacity was 5.132 animals unit. Farmers will use solid waste at large quantity if they raise livestock in commercially, for instance for fattening purpose. The strategies which can be applied to maximize solid waste utilization are through partnership between farmers and factories or local government pihak PKS.

  16. Revitalización y promoción de la Ruta del Duero: las iniciativas de excelencia y las propuestas innovadoras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alfonso Hortelano Mínguez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El río Duero constituye el eje natural que articula el territorio de la Comunidad Autónoma de Castilla y León porque surca de este a oeste toda la región, desde sus fuentes hasta la «raya» hispano-portuguesa, y ha condicionado históricamente las relaciones meridianas. Además, las tierras castellanoleonesas se identifican con la cuenca fluvial del Duero, excepto unas pequeñas zonas de los bordes que desagüan a los ríos del Norte, Ebro y Tajo. Las orientaciones emanadas de las instituciones europeas, en el umbral del siglo XXI, proponen una gestión compartida de los recursos naturales y culturales de la «eurorregión» del Duero/Douro. En este nuevo marco de cooperación transfronteriza juegan un papel esencial los proyectos vinculados a un turismo sostenible y de calidad. La propuesta de un aprovechamiento turístico integral del tramo castellanoleonés se materializó en la creación de la Ruta del Duero, con una base territorial ligada a las comarcas agrarias próximas al río, a la que se han sumado los esfuerzos económicos de diversas iniciativas.

  17. THE USE OF GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD IN TEACHING ENGLISH

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    Catharina Elmayantie

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe the patterns of Grammar Translation Method (GTM and to know the reasons why the teachers used the method. Descriptive qualitative method was applied. The subjects were two English teachers at the seventh grade of SMP Negeri 1 Palangka Raya. It was used observation and questionnaires to collect the data. The data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing were applied for data analysis. The findings show nine major patterns of GTM applied: (1 The classes were taught mainly in mother tongue; (2 the vocabulary was taught in the form of lists of isolated words; (3 the grammar provided the rules for putting words together; (4 it focused on the form and inflection of words; (5 the reading difficult classical texts were begun early; (6 it was little attention to the content of the texts; (7 the drills were exercises in translating; (8 it was little attention to pronunciation; and (9 it focused on accuracy. Meanwhile, the reasons of the teachers used the method are: (1 It is suitable for the students; (2 it helps the students comprehend the text; (3 it  improves the vacabulary; and (4 by using this method teaching-learning activities work well. Keywords: English subject, grammar translation method, teaching-learning activities

  18. KAJIAN POLA SIRKULASI UNTUK SEKTOR INFORMAL DI RUANG TERBUKA PUBLIK KORIDOR YOS SUDARSO KOTA PALANGKARAYA

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    Noor Hamidah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This street Yos Sudarso is an important part of Palangka Raya urban growth  history (Cilik Riwut, 1971. This research objective is to find of method for design of circulation pattern and architecture landscape for informal sector in along for Yos Sudarso Street. The output is this research will be able to approve how is important of public open space, ecology and infrastructure. This research method will use literature review, field observation, interview and quesioner. This research had been done in last year with focus in function of public open space. The stage of this research consist of: 1 preparation; 2literature review; 3 analysis; 4 concept of public open space, concept of circulation pattern and concept of sector informal in public open space. This research will give information of physic consist of: (a Design of circulation pattern in public open space; (b design of parking area and pedestrian; (c design building of informal sector  (d design ofstreet furniture in public open space. Non-physic will give information consist of: (a social aspect; (b economy aspect dan (c ecology aspect.

  19. Investigation of optical properties of anthocyanin doped into sol-gel based matrix

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashim, Hasrina; Abdul Aziz, Nik Mohd Azmi Nik; Isnin, Aishah

    2012-06-01

    Anthocyanin dye was extracted from petal of Hibiscus rosasinensis (Bunga Raya) and doped into sol-gel based matrix to investigate an effect of pH change on its optical properties. Sol-gel matrix based on Vinyl triethoxysilene (VTES) as a precursor was prepared through Sol-gel process at pH 7. The sol was doped with 0.1% of Anthocyanin and the same amount of dye was also dissolved in ethanol as a comparative sample. Hydrochloric Acid, HCl and Tetramethylammonium Hydroxide, TMAH were used to change the pH value by adding them at various concentrations into each sample. The emission spectra and chemical structures of the samples were measured by Spectrofluorometer and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) respectively. When excited at 410 nm, two emission peaks at about 492 and 574 nm were observed for Anthocyanin in acidic environment both in ethanol and VTES sol. In base environment however, only Anthocyanin dissolved in ethanol produced emission peak with a single peak at about 539 nm. The sensitivity of Anthocyanin dye toward pH changes in VTES open a possibility to use it as sensing element in which sol-gel based matrix are known to have higher mechanical strength and thermal stability.

  20. Investigation of X- and Y-specific single nucleotide polymorphisms in taurine (Bos taurus) and indicine (Bos indicus) cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderung, C; Hellborg, L; Seddon, J; Hanotte, O; Götherström, A

    2007-12-01

    Initially, domesticated African cattle were of taurine type. Today, we find both African Bos taurus and Bos indicus cattle, as well as their crossbreeds, on the continent of Africa and they all share the same set of African taurine mitochondrial DNA haplogroups. In this study, we report genetic variation as substitutions and insertions/deletions (indels) on both the X and Y chromosomes, and use the variation to assess hybridization between taurine and indicine cattle. Six African cattle breeds (four Sanga breeds, including Raya Azebu, Danakil, Caprivi, Nguni; and two Zebu breeds, including Kilimanjaro Zebu and South Kavirondo Zebu) were screened for six new X-chromosomal markers, specifically three single nucleotide polymorphisms and three indels in the DDX3X (previously DBX) and ZFX genes, and five previously identified Y-chromosomal markers in the DDX3Y (previously DBY) and ZFY genes. In total, 90 (57 bulls and 33 cows) samples from the African breeds were analysed. We identify five diagnostic haplotypes of indicine and taurine origins on both the X and Y chromosomes. For each breed, the level of indicine introgression varies; in addition to pure taurine, indicine and hybrid X-chromosome individuals, recombinant X-chromosome variants were also detected. These markers are useful molecular tools for assessing the level of indicine admixture in African cattle breeds.

  1. THE EFFECT OF CLUSTERING TECHNIQUE ON WRITING EXPOSITORY ESSAYS OF EFL STUDENTS

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    Sabarun Sabarun

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The study is aimed at investigating the effectiveness of using clustering technique in writing expository essays. The aim of the study is to prove whether there is a significant difference between writing using clustering technique and writing without using it on the students’ writing achievement or not. The study belonged to experimental study by applying counterbalance procedure to collect the data. The study was conducted at the fourth semester English department students of Palangka Raya State Islamic College of 2012/ 2013 academic year. The number of the sample was 13 students. This study was restricted to two focuses: using clustering technique and without using clustering technique to write composition. Using clustering technique to write essay was one of the pre writing strategies in writing process. To answer the research problem, the t test for correlated samples was applied. The research findings showed that,it was found that the t value was 10.554.It was also found that the df (Degree of freedom of the distribution observed was 13-1= 12.  Based on the Table of t value, if df was 12, the 5% of significant level of t value was at 1.782 and the 1% of significant level of t value was at 2.179. It meant that using clustering gave facilitative effect on the students’ essay writing performance. Keywords: reading comprehension, text, scaffolding

  2. en México 1950-1999

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    Julio Castellanos Elías

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presenta la relación entre endeudamiento público y la distribución del ingreso en México para lo que se obtuvieron los índices de Gini —que determina el grado de desigualdad en la distribución del ingreso de los hogares agrupados en deciles— de los resultados de las ocho encuestas de ingresos y gastos de los hogares que elaboró el INEGI y que van de 1963 a 1999, al compararlo con los datos del endeudamiento público de los mismos años no se encontró correlación significativa. Sin embargo, se hace una propuesta en la cual se afirma que sí hay una clara relación entre las variables mencionadas, para ello se aporta información que sostiene esta hipótesis. Asimismo, un descubrimiento esencial de este trabajo se refiere a que el mecanismo fundamental en los niveles nacional e internacional de distribución del ingreso —que beneficia a los ricos y perjudica a los pobres— es el endeudamiento público y privado, situación que se asemeja a las antiguas tiendas de raya de las haciendas porfiristas del siglo pasado, lo que caracteriza a la bien llamada globalización

  3. SINERGISME PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA LOKAL DAN PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK IBU-IBU DI DESA LAMUNTI PERMAI A1 KAWASAN EKS PLG KALIMANTAN TENGAH

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    GUSTI IRYA ICHRIANI, dkk.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This Community Service was conducted in conjunction to the IbM programme DP2M DIKTI 2013 with the women groups of Lamunti Permai Kawasan Ex PLG, sub distric Mentangai, District Kapuas, Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan. The purposes of IbM programme (1 assist local communities in order to empower the surrounding natural resources, namely pineapple and (2 provide the skills of women to cultivate pineapple into processed food products which can become be a business opportunity for them. In late the IbM program, the group of women partners are skilled making, packing and labeling of processed pineapple products. Processed pineapple products are made in the form of crackers and wetcandied pineapples. The products were introduced to the outside Lamunti Permai. The problems encountered were the standard product could not be done in the distant location for marketing which led to increase the production costs, and moreover the production license that does not exist so that consumer confidence in processed food products is still low. Keywords: pineapple crackers, pineapple candied

  4. AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS ON SPEAKING ACTIVITIES

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    Merlyn Simbolon

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the grammatical errors and to provide description of errors on speaking activities using simple present and present progressive tenses made by the second year students of English Education Department, Palangka Raya University. The subject for this study was 30 students. This research applied qualitative research to describe the types, source and causes of students’ errors taken from oral essay test which consisted of questions using the tenses of simple present and present progressive. The errors were indentified and classified according to Linguistic Category Taxonomy and Richard’s classification, well as the possible sources and causes of errors. The findings showed that the errors made by students were in 6 aspects; errors in production of verb groups, errors in the distribution of verb groups, errors in the use of article, errors in the use of preposition, errors in the use of questions and miscellaneous errors. In regard to resource and causes, it was found that intra-lingual interference was the major source of errors (82.55% where overgeneralization took place as the major cause of the errors with total percentage of 44.71%. Keywords: grammatical errors, speaking skill, speaking activities

  5. TRADISI MENGEMIS DI TEMPAT WISATA RELIGI

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    Umi Supraptingsih

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Umi Supraptingsih (Penulis, dosen STAIN Pamekasan, Jl. Raya Panglegur Km. 04 Pamekasan     Abstract The act of begging of beggar appears tradition for generations and it becomes inheritant profession. Social and  economic characteristics of beggar are influenced by several factors---natural and human resources. Places of beggar to do begging, Api Tak Kunjung Padam (eternal flame and Batu Ampar, are distinctive. The former is the common tourism spot, but the later is the religous tourism place. The factors cause the begging are the natural setting condition that does not support the  beggar to earn sufficient income, the low level of education, inedequate parenting pattern, less religious teaching comprehension, the extinct of abahsment, and instant needs.  Establishing an actual cultural  communication and asking the participation of stake holders---philantropist, academician, public figure, religious scholar, and government, will hopefully decrease the number of beggar. Kata-kata kunci tradisi, mengemis, dan kebutuhan hidup

  6. Substitution of Soybean Meal and Cornmeal to Moisture, pH, Bacterial Colony Forming and Shelf Life of Rejected Duck Meatballs

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    Novia Deni

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the effect of substitution of soybean meal with cornmeal to moisture, pH, bacterial colony forming and the shelf life of rejected duck meatballs. This research material using duck meat Coast (Indian Runner salvage as much as 4000 grams were obtained from the Livestock Anduring Padang and soybean meal with Mungbean trademarks and cornmeal with cornstarch trademarks respectively of 600 grams were obtained at Raya Padang market. The research method used was experimental method with the random design, which consists of 5 treatments and 4 groups as replication. The treatment given in this study is the substitution of soybean meal and maize by A (100%: 0%, B (75%: 25%, C (50%: 50%, D (25%: 75% and E (0%: 100%. Variables measured were moisture, pH, bacterial colony forming and the shelf life of rejected duck meatballs. The results of this study indicate that substitution of soybean meal and cornmeal significant effect on moisture, pH, bacterial colony forming and shelf life. Substitution of soybean meal and cornmeal by 100%: 0% is the best to produce the rejected duck meatballs with 69.20% moisture, pH 6.44, bacterial colony forming 7.85 x 105 CFU / g, and the shelf life of 22.12 hours.

  7. Interacciones de pesquerías ribereñas en Bahía Magdalena-Almejas, Baja California Sur

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    Miguel A. Ojeda Ruiz de la Peña

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de aportar al desarrollo de un modelo conceptual sobre la pesca ribereña o artesanal en el área de Bahía Magdalena-Almejas, Baja California Sur, se jerarquizó la importancia de 14 pesquerías de la región. La calificación se basó en un análisis cualitativo por puntos y en la estimación de un índice de importancia relativa, con indicadores como los promedios de captura, valor y frecuencia de registro de especies objetivo en desembarcos de embarcaciones menores, de 1998 a 2009; entre ellas están: almeja catarina, escama, camarón, callo de hacha, tiburón, jaiba, calamar, almeja pata de mula, rayas, lisa, pulpo, abulón, langosta y caracol chino. La interacción temporal entre varias de ellas es controlada por vedas oficiales, pero cuando ocurre se reconocen posibles efectos por pesca incidental e ilegal y modificaciones al ecosistema.

  8. Pemodelan Lokasi-Alokasi Terminal Bahan Baku untuk Meminimasi Total Biaya Rantai Pasok pada Industri Produk Jadi Rotan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuniaristanto .

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In Surakarta and its surroundings (Solo Raya, there exists more than 400 Small-Medium Enterprises (SMEs that produce finished products of rattan. Due to the high procurement cost as total operational cost of raw rattan distribution network from the sources, e.g. Borneo and Celebes to the rattan industries, the competitiveness of their products is lower than products from other countries. Therefore, to overcome the problem, those costs should be reduced for example by aggregating the demand of rattan industries. This police needs to be supported by the warehouse for storing and distributing raw rattan. Hence, this research aims to develop a facility location-allocation model so that total supply chain costs, including raw rattan procurement costs as well as facilities opening and closing costs can be minimized. The location-allocation model will be presented in a mixed integer non-linear programming model and solved using MS-Excel Solver. The results are number and location of the warehouse along with the raw rattan allocation in the warehouse to ensure raw rattan supply for rattan industries.

  9. EL PATRIMONIO TERRITORIAL COMO ACTIVO TURÍSTICO EN LA «RAYA» DE CASTILLA Y LEÓN CON PORTUGAL

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    Luís Alfonso Hortelano Mínguez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La franja fronteriza de Castilla y León con las regiones del Norte y del Centro de Portugal, en el periodo finisecular pasado, se ha posicionado como un destino emergente en el contexto de la oferta de «turismo de interior» nacional y regional. Este territorio histórico, aunque penalizado por su localización periférica y por su grado de ruralidad, ha sabido mantener y transmitir de generación en generación un rico y diverso patrimonio territorial, tanto natural como cultural. Las instituciones públicas y el sector privado, con las ayudas económicas de la política regional, de los programas de desarrollo rural y de las iniciativas de cooperación transfronteriza, han puesto en valor los recursos del medio físico, los escenarios paisajísticos y los elementos del patrimonio material e inmaterial, mediante productos enfocados al sector turístico. Sin embargo, queda aún un largo camino que recorrer con el fin de consolidar la apuesta por el turismo en la «raya» y por coser ambos lados de la frontera con proyectos comunes.

  10. ELECTRICITY-FREE PRODUCTION OF ACTIVATED CARBON FROM BIOMASS IN BORNEO TO IMPROVE WATER QUALITY

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    Yasutaka Sasaki,

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Activated carbons (ACs were prepared from biomass of Borneo island (wood charcoal, peat, and coconut husk by using an electricity–free furnace, of which the energy source was exclusively wood charcoal. This furnace was comprised of two parts, an inner vessel equipped with water inlet for steam activation and an outer shell as a heating part for the inner vessel. The inside temperature of the inner vessel was able to reach over 1000 oC. Peat and wood charcoal were converted to AC by carbonization followed by steam activation, and the specific BET surface areas of resultant ACs were 889 m2/g and 749 m2/g, respectively. A mobile apparatus for water purification was newly designed and fabricated with the resultant AC, together with a white quartz sand, which is called keranggas in Kalimantan. The CODOH of both polluted creek water by the University of Palangka Raya and Kahayan River water were remarkably decreased by the purification with the designed apparatus from 20.0 mgO/L to 0.93 mgO/L, and 18.2 mgO/L to 0.74 mgO/L, respectively. Thus, the newly designed furnace and purification apparatus were shown to be highly effective tools to produce a promising agent for water purification and to produce clarified water without use of electricity, respectively.

  11. Variation of Driving Skill among Elderly Drivers Compared to Young Drivers in Japan

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    Indri Hapsari Susilowati

    2016-08-01

    Penelitian ini menganalisis kemampuan mengemudi pada pengemudi lanjut usia (lansia dibandingkan dengan usia muda di Jepang dan melihat keterampilan mengemudi yang kurang sehingga dapat memengaruhi risiko kecelakaan di jalan raya. Subjek penelitian adalah pengemudi usia muda dan lansia, terdiri dari 10 mahasiswa (20 - 24 tahun dan 25 pengemudi lansia (14 laki-laki dan 11 perempuan berasal dari The Silver Menpower Center, organisasi bagi lansia > 60 tahun. Pengemudi lansia dibagi menjadi dua kelompok, yaitu lansia 1 berusia 60 - 65 tahun (10 orang dan lansia 2 berusia > 65 tahun (15 orang. Kemampuan mengemudi dievaluasi dengan simulator permainan mengemudi dalam laboratorium. Analisis dilakukan pada konsistensi dalam jalur, perubahan jalur, kepatuhan pada rambu lalu lintas, kemampuan berbalik kanan, mengerem/akselerasi, dan kecepatan mengemudi. Analisis statistik menggunakan uji ANOVA. Secara umum, kemampuan pengemudi lansia 2 lebih rendah dibandingkan usia muda hampir di semua parameter, meliputi kekonsistenan dalam jalur (nilai p < 0,007, kepatuhan pada rambu lalu lintas (nilai p < 0,011, kemampuan berbalik kanan (nilai p < 0,001, dan keterampilan mengerem/akselerasi (nilai p < 0,001. Dalam keterampilan mengubah jalur, pengemudi usia muda menunjukkan skor signifikan (nilai p < 0,007 lebih tinggi dari kedua kelompok pengemudi lansia dimana lansia 1 (nilai p < 0,004; lansia 2 (nilai p < 0,001. Pengemudi > 65 tahun cenderung salah dalam melihat rambu lalu lintas karena terbatasnya penglihatan dan lamanya respons dalam mematuhinya.

  12. Morphological and molecular analyses of a new species of Saccocoelioides Szidat, 1954 (Haploporidae Nicoll, 1914) in the fat sleeper Dormitator maculatus (Bloch) (Perciformes: Eleotridae) from the Gulf of Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade-Gómez, L; Pinacho-Pinacho, C D; Hernández-Orts, J S; Sereno-Uribe, A L; García-Varela, M

    2016-07-26

    Saccocoelioides olmecae n. sp. is described from specimens recovered from the intestine of the fat sleeper Dormitator maculatus (Bloch) (Perciformes: Eleotridae) collected in six localities along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The new species is mainly distinguished from the other three described species of Saccocoelioides Szidat, 1954 from North and Middle America (i.e. S. sogandaresi Lumsden, 1963, S. chauhani Lamothe-Argumedo, 1974 and S. lamothei Aguirre-Macedo & Violante-González, 2008) by having an elongated body, a sac-like caecum, a uterus that extends to the first third of body and by having vitelline follicles longitudinally elongated reaching the posterior end of the body. Sequences of the large subunit (LSU) of the ribosomal DNA, including the domain D1-D3, and the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) were used independently and concatenated to corroborate the morphological distinction among S. olmecae n. sp., S. chauhani and S. lamothei from freshwater and brackish-water fish from Middle America. The genetic divergence estimated among the three species of Saccocoelioides was very low: 1% for LSU and from 1 to 4% for ITS2. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference analyses for each dataset and both datasets combined revealed that S. olmecae n. sp. represents an independent clade with moderate bootstrap support and posterior probabilities. This is the third species of Saccocoelioides described in Mexico, and the 17th species from the Americas.

  13. Promotion and diffusion of tha career Bachelor and Licenciature of Mathematics Teaching in rural areas of Costa Rica project: effects and results

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    Jorge Arroyo Hernández

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the purpose and activities of the project Promoting Mathematics Education in Rural Areas of Costa Rica. The activity has focused on two objectives. First, supporting and monitoring students who have expressed interest in studying a mathematics teacher. To achieve this, it has been working with students who have an ideal profile for the career, mainly from rural areas. The second objective is to conduct training workshops for high school in-service teachers, to strengthen and improve their knowledge in the area of mathematics. Among the results of the project, it can be highlighted a significant increase in the enrollment of students in the career of Mathematics Education in 2010 and 2011, and the training processes in the field of Real Functions of Real Variable and Geometry at different regional areas mostly rural as Aguirre, Sarapiquí, Coto, Buenos Aires, Limón, Cañas, Pérez Zeledón, Nicoya, Los Santos, Turrialba, Puriscal, Desamparados, San Carlos, Puntarenas, Limón, Liberia, Santa Cruz y Upala.

  14. Methodological novelties applied to the anthropology of food: agent-based models and social networks analysis

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    Diego Díaz Córdova

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo presentamos dos modalidades metodológicas que aún no han sido muy utilizadas en la antropología alimentaria. Por un lado, nos referimos al análisis de redes sociales y, por otro, a los modelos basados en agentes. Para ilustrar los métodos, tomaremos dos casos de materiales clásicos de la antropología alimentaria. Para el primero usaremos los platos de comida de un relevamiento hecho en la Quebrada de Humahuaca (provincia de Jujuy, Argentina y, para el segundo, utilizaremos algunos elementos del concepto aplicado por Aguirre de “estrategias domésticas de consumo”. La idea subyacente es que, dado que la alimentación se reconoce como un “hecho social total” y, por lo tanto, como un fenómeno complejo, el abordaje metodológico debe seguir necesariamente esa misma característica. Mientras más métodos utilicemos (con el grado de rigor adecuado mejor estaremos preparados para comprender la dinámica alimentaria en el medio social.

  15. A digital atlas of the dog brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Datta, Ritobrato; Lee, Jongho; Duda, Jeffrey; Avants, Brian B; Vite, Charles H; Tseng, Ben; Gee, James C; Aguirre, Gustavo D; Aguirre, Geoffrey K

    2012-01-01

    There is a long history and a growing interest in the canine as a subject of study in neuroscience research and in translational neurology. In the last few years, anatomical and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of awake and anesthetized dogs have been reported. Such efforts can be enhanced by a population atlas of canine brain anatomy to implement group analyses. Here we present a canine brain atlas derived as the diffeomorphic average of a population of fifteen mesaticephalic dogs. The atlas includes: 1) A brain template derived from in-vivo, T1-weighted imaging at 1 mm isotropic resolution at 3 Tesla (with and without the soft tissues of the head); 2) A co-registered, high-resolution (0.33 mm isotropic) template created from imaging of ex-vivo brains at 7 Tesla; 3) A surface representation of the gray matter/white matter boundary of the high-resolution atlas (including labeling of gyral and sulcal features). The properties of the atlas are considered in relation to historical nomenclature and the evolutionary taxonomy of the Canini tribe. The atlas is available for download (https://cfn.upenn.edu/aguirre/wiki/public:data_plosone_2012_datta).

  16. A digital atlas of the dog brain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritobrato Datta

    Full Text Available There is a long history and a growing interest in the canine as a subject of study in neuroscience research and in translational neurology. In the last few years, anatomical and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI studies of awake and anesthetized dogs have been reported. Such efforts can be enhanced by a population atlas of canine brain anatomy to implement group analyses. Here we present a canine brain atlas derived as the diffeomorphic average of a population of fifteen mesaticephalic dogs. The atlas includes: 1 A brain template derived from in-vivo, T1-weighted imaging at 1 mm isotropic resolution at 3 Tesla (with and without the soft tissues of the head; 2 A co-registered, high-resolution (0.33 mm isotropic template created from imaging of ex-vivo brains at 7 Tesla; 3 A surface representation of the gray matter/white matter boundary of the high-resolution atlas (including labeling of gyral and sulcal features. The properties of the atlas are considered in relation to historical nomenclature and the evolutionary taxonomy of the Canini tribe. The atlas is available for download (https://cfn.upenn.edu/aguirre/wiki/public:data_plosone_2012_datta.

  17. El bandolerismo social revisitado. El caso del Norte del Tolima (Colombia

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    Armando Moreno Sandoval

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de retomar un planteamiento que había hecho el historiador inglés Eric Hobsbawm, en el sentido de reelaborar la tipología del bandolero social. Según él, para reelaborarlo era necesario contar con muchos más estudios de casos. A partir de algunos de ellos, el artículo se centra en dar cuenta del debate que ha generado el modelo del bandolerismo de Hobsbwm desde mediados del siglo XX. En primer lugar, doy cuenta, cómo sus discípulos y críticos han interpretado su modelo, principalmente el del bandolero social. Un segundo aspecto tiene que ver con algunos casos de bandolerismo mediterráneo, principalmente el catalán, el que se ha dado en el Magreb y el itálico. Por último, doy cuenta de un caso particular de bandolerismo social en el Tolima, Colombia: el del “Palomo” Aguirre.

  18. El bandolerismo social revisitado. El caso del Norte del Tolima (Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Moreno Sandoval

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de retomar un planteamiento que había hecho el historiador inglés Eric Hobsbawm, en el sentido de reelaborar la tipología del bandolero social. Según él, para reelaborarlo era necesario contar con muchos más estudios de casos. A partir de algunos de ellos, el artículo se centra en dar cuenta del debate que ha generado el modelo del bandolerismo de Hobsbwm desde mediados del siglo XX. En primer lugar, doy cuenta, cómo sus discípulos y críticos han interpretado su modelo, principalmente el del bandolero social. Un segundo aspecto tiene que ver con algunos casos de bandolerismo mediterráneo, principalmente el catalán, el que se ha dado en el Magreb y el itálico. Por último, doy cuenta de un caso particular de bandolerismo social en el Tolima, Colombia: el del “Palomo” Aguirre.

  19. The Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey IX: Data Release 2 and Outer Galaxy Extension

    CERN Document Server

    Ginsburg, Adam; Rosolowsky, Erik; Ellsworth-Bowers, Timothy P; Battersby, Cara; Dunham, Miranda; Merello, Manuel; Shirley, Yancy; Bally, John; Evans, Neal J; Stringfellow, Guy; Aguirre, James

    2013-01-01

    We present a re-reduction and expansion of the Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey, first presented by Aguirre et al. (2011) and Rosolowsky et al. (2010). The BGPS is a 1.1 mm survey of dust emission in the Northern galactic plane, covering longitudes -10 < \\ell < 90 and latitudes |b| < 0.5 with a typical 1-\\sigma RMS sensitivity of 30-100 mJy in a 33" beam. Version 2 of the survey includes an additional 20 square degrees of coverage in the 3rd and 4th quadrants and 2 square degrees in the 1st quadrant. The new data release has improved angular recovery, with complete recovery out to 100" and partial recovery to 300", and reduced negative bowls around bright sources resulting from the atmospheric subtraction process. We resolve the factor of 1.5 flux calibration offset between the v1.0 data release and other data sets and determine that there is no offset between v2.0 and other data sets. The v2.0 pointing accuracy is tested against other surveys and demonstrated to be accurate and an improvement over v1.0...

  20. An upwind vertex centred Finite Volume solver for Lagrangian solid dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre, Miquel; Gil, Antonio J.; Bonet, Javier; Lee, Chun Hean

    2015-11-01

    A vertex centred Jameson-Schmidt-Turkel (JST) finite volume algorithm was recently introduced by the authors (Aguirre et al., 2014 [1]) in the context of fast solid isothermal dynamics. The spatial discretisation scheme was constructed upon a Lagrangian two-field mixed (linear momentum and the deformation gradient) formulation presented as a system of conservation laws [2-4]. In this paper, the formulation is further enhanced by introducing a novel upwind vertex centred finite volume algorithm with three key novelties. First, a conservation law for the volume map is incorporated into the existing two-field system to extend the range of applications towards the incompressibility limit (Gil et al., 2014 [5]). Second, the use of a linearised Riemann solver and reconstruction limiters is derived for the stabilisation of the scheme together with an efficient edge-based implementation. Third, the treatment of thermo-mechanical processes through a Mie-Grüneisen equation of state is incorporated in the proposed formulation. For completeness, the study of the eigenvalue structure of the resulting system of conservation laws is carried out to demonstrate hyperbolicity and obtain the correct time step bounds for non-isothermal processes. A series of numerical examples are presented in order to assess the robustness of the proposed methodology. The overall scheme shows excellent behaviour in shock and bending dominated nearly incompressible scenarios without spurious pressure oscillations, yielding second order of convergence for both velocities and stresses.

  1. Strains of toxic and harmful microalgae, from waste water, marine, brackish and fresh water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Palacio, M C; Crisóstomo-Vázquez, L; Alvarez-Hernández, S; Lozano-Ramírez, C

    2012-01-01

    Some microalgae are economically important in Mexico and the world because they can be potentially toxic. Algal explosive population growths are named harmful algal blooms and are frequently recorded in Mexico. The authors set up potentially toxic microalgae cultures from the Gulf of Mexico (Garrapatas tideland, Barberena river, Carpintero lagoon in Tamaulipas State; Chalchoapan and Catemaco lakes in Veracruz State), from the Mexican Pacific Ocean, Guerrero, Colima and Michoacán States, and from interior water bodies such as Vicente Aguirre dam, Chapultepec lake and several waste water treatment plants. This research is about the diversity and abundance of phytoplankton in relation a specific site because of harmful algal bloom events. Microalgae cultures are useful in order to solve taxonomic problems, to know life cycles, molecular studies, for the study of toxic species, and the isolation of useful metabolites. The cultures for this research are clonal, non-axenic, semi-continuous, 12:12 light/dark photoperiod, 20 ± 1 °C temperature and 90.5 µmol m(-2)s(-1) illumination. Four different culture media were used. This collection is open to the worldwide scientific community as a source of organisms in controlled conditions that can be used as a useful tool for microalgae research work.

  2. Los rituales terapéuticos con plantas psicotrópicas. El caso del cecetzin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio J. Villaseñor B.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Bajo una óptica histórico etnológica se muestra la utilización sagrada de una de las llamadas “plantas de los dioses”: el cecectzin (Turbina corymbosa. El artículo proporciona datos de la época de la Conquista (Ruiz de Alarcón, Sahagún, Hernández, de la Colonia (Aguirre Beltrán y de la actual (Villaseñor Bayardo. Este trabajo es parte de una investigación etnográfica llevada a cabo en la región del Alto Balsas, en el estado de Guerrero, en México. Es el resultado de un proyecto de investigación cualitativa basado en la etnografía, el trabajo de campo, la observación participante y las entrevistas a profundidad. El proyecto utilizó estrategias de muestreo deliberado para encontrar y seleccionar a los informantes

  3. Optical Tagging of Ion Beams Accelerated by Double Layers in Laboratory Plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good, Timothy; Aguirre, Evan; Thompson, Derek; Scime, Earl

    2016-10-01

    Experiments in helicon sources that investigate plasma expansion into weakly magnetized, low density regions reveal the production of supersonic ion beams attributed to acceleration by spatially localized double layer structures. Current efforts are aimed at mapping the ion velocity flow field utilizing 2D spatially scanning laser induced fluorescence (LIF) probes that yield metastable ion velocity distribution functions (IVDF) for velocities along and perpendicular to the flow. Observation of metastable ion beams by LIF renders plausible a Lagrangian approach to studying the field-ion interaction via optical tagging. We propose a tagging scheme in which metastable state ion populations are modulated by optical pumping upstream of the double layer and the synchronous detection of LIF at the ion beam velocity is recorded downstream. Besides the unambiguous identification of the source of beam ions, this method can provide detailed dynamical information through time of flight analysis. Preliminary results will be presented. Please include this poster in session that includes poster authored by Evan Aguirre et al.

  4. Ediacaran in Uruguay: Facts and controversies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubet, Natalie R.; Pecoits, Ernesto; Heaman, Larry M.; Veroslavsky, Gerardo; Gingras, Murray K.; Konhauser, Kurt O.

    2014-11-01

    The Ediacaran of Uruguay has been regarded as containing a significant geological and paleontological record, which would make these successions critical to unraveling diverse aspects regarding the assembly of southwestern Gondwana and to understanding the conditions surrounding the rise of animal life in a period punctuated by drastic paleoenvironmental changes. However, a review of currently available data leads to the conclusion that, although variable, the stratigraphy, distribution and age of these units remain ambiguous. The same is true for existing basin models and tectonic evolution, which show different and sometimes contradicting supporting evidence. Here, we propose that the Ediacaran record consists of the Maldonado Group (Playa Hermosa, Las Ventanas and San Carlos formations), and the Tacuarí, Barriga Negra, Rocha and Sierra de Aguirre formations. The Arroyo del Soldado Group (Yerbal, Polanco Limestones and Cerro Espuelitas formations) and the Arroyo de la Pedrera Group (Piedras de Afilar and Cerro Victoria formations) were likely deposited between 700 and 1000 Ma. The best available radiometric age constraints indicate intense magmatic-tectonic activity occurred between 600 and 560 Ma, incompatible with previous models suggesting a stable, Atlantic-type passive margin on this portion of southwestern Gondwana. Further research is needed in order to firmly establish a consistent litho- and chronostratigraphic framework; particularly, before attempting any regional or global correlation, and inferences on global paleoenvironmental and paleobiological events.

  5. Relación entre niveles de ansiedad y estrategias de afrontamiento en practicantes de psicología de una universidad colombiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Tatiana Castellanos Cárdenas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio no experimental de tipo correlacional, analiza la relación existente entre los niveles de ansiedad y las estrategias de afrontamiento más utilizadas por los estudiantes que inician sus prácticas profesionales en psicología de la Universidad pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, la población está conformada por 36 jóvenes estudiantes con un rango de edad entre los 21 y 29 años, solteros, quienes realizan sus prácticas durante el segundo semestre de 2010; los instrumentos utilizados son la Escala Estrategias de Coping de Chorot y Sandin (1993 validada para población Colombiana por Londoño, Henao, Puerta, Posada, Arango, & Aguirre (2006 y la escala Zung de Zung (1971 validada y adaptada para Colombia por De la Ossa, Martinez & Herazo (2009. El análisis de resultados a partir del coeficiente de correlación de Pearson y el paquete estadístico SPSS versión 17.0, muestra que existe una alta correlación negativa entre el nivel 1 de ansiedad (no hay ansiedad y las estrategia solución de problemas y evitación cognitiva, mientras que el nivel 3 (moderada a severa presenta una correlación positiva con la estrategia evitación cognitiva.

  6. Chile's Medical-Social Reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Allende

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available "To govern is to educate and provide health to the people." Pedro Aguirre Cerda Our country is going through a moment in its history in which it struggles to unshackle itself from the old economic methods, autocratic and based on free competition, channeling its social life into a course of cooperation and well-being covering all social strata. To His Excellency the President of the Republic, the Socialist Party and its ministers, this is the fundamental significance of the Popular Front government, established by the people only a year ago; to reclaim the social wealth and the economic potential of the nation, control it, direct it, foster it in the service of all the inhabitants of the republic, without privileges nor exclusions. Also, and as a consequence, restore for the people, for the working man, his physical vitality, his virility and health, which were once his outstanding qualities; to reacquire the physiological capacity of a strong people, recover its immunity against epidemics; all of which will allow a better performance in national production while also providing a better disposition and spirit to live and appreciate life.

  7. La presencia de ámbar y sub-ámbar (copal en Costa Rica: el caso de San Cristóbal de Savegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo E Alvarado

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En Costa Rica, pequeños fragmentos de ámbar se encuentran en las rocas sedimentarias marinas clásticas del Mioceno, tales como Formación Punta Judas (Mioceno Medio, Formación Santa Teresa (Mioceno Medio y Formación Curré (Mioceno Medio-Superior. Sub-ámbar o copal se encuentra en relativa abundancia en ciertas localidades en los suelos residuales en las montañas cerca de San Cristóbal de Savegre (Aguirre, Puntarenas. Las muestras de copal tienen formas sub-redondeadas o aperladas (21,3%, tabulares o laminares (29,6% y troncoidales (30,4%, pero algunas son intermedias o indefinidas (18,7%. Su color varía entre anaranjado/rojizo (57,4%, seguido por amarillo (31,0% y menos frecuentemente el amarillo claro hasta blancuzco (11,6%; algunas muestras poseen insectos incorporados. La edad del copal está en el rango de edad de 1670-1780 A.D., basado en una datación 14C calibrada. Aunque estas muestras de copal parecen no tener valor comercial, si podrían ser usados por artesanos locales.

  8. Airborne hygrometer calibration inter-comparison against a metrological water vapour standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smorgon, Denis; Boese, Norbert; Ebert, Volker

    2014-05-01

    Water vapour is the most important atmospheric greenhouse gas, which causes a major feedback to warming and other changes in the climate system. Knowledge of the distribution of water vapour and its climate induced changes is especially important in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UT/LS) where vapour plays a critical role in atmospheric radiative balance, cirrus cloud formation, and photochemistry. But, our understanding of water in the UT/LS is limited by significant uncertainties in current UT/LS water measurements. One of the most comprehensive inter-comparison campaigns for airborne hygrometers, termed AQUAVIT (AV1) [1], took place in 2007 at the AIDA chamber at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany. AV1 was a well-defined, referred, blind inter-comparison of 22 airborne field instruments from 17 international research groups. One major metrological deficit of AV1, however, was, that no traceable reference instrument participated in the inter-comparison experiments and that the calibration procedures of the participating instruments were not monitored or interrogated. Consequently a follow-up inter-comparison was organized in April 2013, which for the first time also provides a traceable link to the international humidity scale. This AQUAVIT2 (AV2) campaign (details see: http://www.imk-aaf.kit.edu/aquavit/index.php/Main_Page) was again located at KIT/AIDA and organised by an international organizing committee including KIT, PTB, FZJ and others. Generally AV2 is divided in two parallel comparisons: 1) AV2-A uses the AIDA chamber for a simultaneous comparison of all instruments (incl. sampling and in-situ instruments) over a broad range of conditions characteristic for the UT/LS; 2) AV2-B, about which this paper is reporting, is a sequential comparison of selected hygrometers and (when possible) their reference calibration infrastructures by means of a chilled mirror hygrometer traced back to the primary National humidity standard

  9. Effects of inhaled anesthetic isoflurane on long-term potentiation of CA3 pyramidal cell afferents in vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ballesteros KA

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Kristen A Ballesteros,1 Angela Sikorski,2 James E Orfila,3 Joe L Martinez Jr41Department of Biology, The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA; 2Texas A&M University Texarkana, Texarkana, TX, USA; 3University of Colorado in Denver, Denver, CO, USA; 4University of Illinois in Chicago, Chicago, IL, USAAbstract: Isoflurane is a preferred anesthetic, due to its properties that allow a precise concentration to be delivered continually during in vivo experimentation. The major mechanism of action of isoflurane is modulation of the γ-amino butyric acid (GABAA receptor-chloride channel, mediating inhibitory synaptic transmission. Animal studies have shown that isoflurane does not cause cell death, but it does inhibit cell growth and causes long-term hippocampal learning deficits. As there are no studies characterizing the effects of isoflurane on electrophysiological aspects of long-term potentiation (LTP in the hippocampus, it is important to determine whether isoflurane alters the characteristic responses of hippocampal afferents to cornu ammonis region 3 (CA3. We investigated the effects of isoflurane on adult male rats during in vivo induction of LTP, using the mossy fiber pathway, the lateral perforant pathway, the medial perforant pathway, and the commissural CA3 (cCA3 to CA3, with intracranial administration of Ringer’s solution, naloxone, RS-aminoindan-1, 5-dicarboxylic acid (AIDA, or 3-[(R-2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl]-propo-2-enyl-1-phosphonic acid (CPP. Then, we compared these responses to published electrophysiological data, using sodium pentobarbital as an anesthetic, under similar experimental conditions. Our results showed that LTP was exhibited in animals anesthetized with isoflurane under vehicle conditions. With the exception of AIDA in the lateral perforant pathway, the defining characteristics of the four pathways appeared to remain intact, except for the observation that LTP was markedly reduced in animals

  10. The AquaVIT-1 intercomparison of atmospheric water vapor measurement techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. W. Fahey

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The AquaVIT-1 Intercomparison of Atmospheric Water Vapor Measurement Techniques was conducted at the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany, in October 2007. The overall objective was to intercompare state-of-the-art and prototype atmospheric hygrometers with each other and with independent humidity standards under controlled conditions. This activity was conducted as a blind intercomparison with coordination by selected referees. The effort was motivated by persistent discrepancies found in atmospheric measurements involving multiple instruments operating on research aircraft and balloon platforms, particularly in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere where water vapor reaches its lowest atmospheric values (less than 10 ppm. With the AIDA chamber volume of 84 m3, multiple instruments analyzed air with a common water vapor mixing ratio, either by extracting air into instrument flow systems, locating instruments inside the chamber, or sampling the chamber volume optically. The intercomparison was successfully conducted over 10 days during which pressure, temperature, and mixing ratio were systematically varied (50 to 500 hPa, 185 to 243 K, and 0.3 to 152 ppm. In the absence of an accepted reference instrument, the reference value was taken to be the ensemble mean of a core subset of the measurements. For these core instruments, the agreement between 10 and 150 ppm of water vapor is considered good with variation about the reference value of about ±10% (±1σ. In the region of most interest between 1 and 10 ppm, the core subset agreement is fair with variation about the reference value of ±20% (±1σ. The upper limit of precision was also derived for each instrument from the reported data. These results indicate that the core instruments, in general, have intrinsic skill to determine unknown water vapor mixing ratios with an accuracy of at least ±20%. The implication for atmospheric

  11. Estudio macro-microscópico de la involución uterina postparto en alpacas - Macro and microscopic of uterine involution postpartum in alpacas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MVZ. Augusto Excelmes Loza. Puno-Perú 2005

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio se llevo a cabo en el Laboratorio de Histología y Embriología de la Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia de la Universidad Nacional del Altiplano; con alpacas provenientes de la Rural Alianza E.P.S. (4,140m.s.n.m, Centro Experimental Quinsachata-INIA (4,050 m.s.n.m y el Centro de Investigación y Producción La Raya (4,130 m.s.n.m, cuyo objetivo fue el estudio del proceso de la involución uterina post parto en la alpaca, desde el parto hasta los 30dpp. Para tal propósito se estudiaron 34 alpacas multíparas de 4 a 6 años de edad. Los resultados fueron: Macroscópicamente: la perdida de peso del útero fue de: 71.07% (385,25g, 25.54% (138.55g y 3.42% (18.6g al primer, segundo y tercer periodo de la involución uterina. La reducción de Peso del cuerno uterino derecho fue de: 55.26% (37.55g, 38.63% (26.25g y 6.11% (4.15g al primer segundo y tercer periodo respectivamente. La secuencia de la perdida de peso del cuerno uterino izquierdo fue de: 75.50% (159.5g, 19.58% (41.25g, y 4.92% (10.40g al primer, segundo y tercer periodo sucesivamente. El descenso de Peso del cuerpo del útero fue de: 76.60% (87.25g, 17.08% (19.45g y 6.32% (7.2g al primer, segundo y tercer periodo sucesivamente. El Peso de reducción gradual de la cervix fue de: 68% (47,15g, 26,10% (18,00g y 5,51% (3,8g al primer, segundo y tercer periodo respectivamente. This study was carried out in the Histology and Embriology laboratory at the Medicine Veterinary and Zootecny of the Altiplano National University, with alpacas coming from the EPS Rural Alliance (4140 m.a.s.l., Quimsachata Research Center (4050 m.a.s.l. and the Raya Research Center (4130 m.a.s.l. whose objective was the study the process of the uterine involution after parturition from day 0 to 30. For such purpose 34 multiparous alpacas from 4 to 6 year old were selectec. The results were: Macroscopically the uterusweight lost 71,07% (385,25g, 25,54% (138,55g and 3,42% (18,6g at first

  12. KARAKTERISTIK PATI DARI BATANG SAGU KALIMANTAN BARAT PADA TAHAP PERTUMBUHAN YANG BERBEDA Characteristics of Starch from West Kalimantan Sago Trunks at Different Growth Stages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maherawati Maherawati

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Sago (Metroxylon sagu Rottb. is a potentially starch source crop. However, in West Kalimantan the use of sago is still limited. There is lack information about sago starch characteristics in relation to growth stages of the palm. Therefore, this study was aimed to observe the characteristics of sago starch extracted from the trunk at variatious growth stages. Sago trunks were taken from Sui Bemban and Sui Ambawang villages, Kubu Raya regency, West Kalimantan. They were classified into four different physiological growth stages, namely dewasa (9 yr, jantung (10 yr, rusa (11 yr, and bunga (12 yr old. The starch was extracted in laboratory and then dried at 50 °C. Dried sago starches were analyzed for their chemical compositions (moisture, fat, protein, ash, carbohydrate, fibre, and amylose contents, physical cha- racteristics (colour and the granule form, functional characteristics (water absorpsion, oil absorpsion, swelling power, and solubility. Pasting properties were  characterized by Brabender amylograhpy. Results indicated that chemical composition and physical characteristics of the sago starches extracted from 9-12 year-old trunks were not signifi- cantly differrent. The highest rendement obtained from 10 – 11 year-old trunks. Amylose content was 41.8 % which was categorized as high. Functional characteristics as shown by the amylograph revealed that sago starch has type-C curve. Starch extracted from 9 yr old trunk gave the highest paste viscosity which was the most suitable for for use in product that needs a strong gelling property. ABSTRAK Sagu (Metroxylon sagu Rottb. sangat potensial sebagai sumber pati, namun di Kalimantan Barat pemanfaatan sagu sebagai sumber pati masih terbatas. Belum ada informasi mengenai hubungan tahap pertumbuhan dengan sifat-sifat pati sagu yang dihasilkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik pati sagu pada beberapa tahap pertumbuh- an. Tanaman sagu diperoleh dari Desa Sui Bemban dan

  13. Perancangan Sistem Layanan Informasi Pariwisata Berbasis Mobile Internet Dengan Menerapkan Konsep Mobile Interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Octhario

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Mobile interaction is about the stuff of people’s lives, focused on understanding and developing blueprints for systems that permeate the broad spectrum of their  experiences.  People can use system,  They  can take  advantage of the system through mobile devices.  Due to limitations in the display and display media such as mobile phones in presenting and giving  information to the public.    the design of interaction  between  the  system  and  users  will  be  very  important,  It  is  a  thing  to  be  considered  to  create  a  mobile  internet-based information  systems.  Therefore,  the  application  of  mobile  interaction  design,  especially  in  terms  of  mobile  internet-based  system  is needed, so the system can be  used optimally.  Indonesia's tourism  sector  is one  sector of  the  service economy.  It  has  bright prospects  for mobile  interaction.  However  to  enhance  the  role  of  development  in  Indonesia,  is  still  one  of  many  shortcomings  that  limited  mediainformation services.    This study  concerns in  produce  and  information  service  system  especially  in  tourism  of  Palangka Raya  whichapply the concept  of  mobile  interaction  design.  To  apply the concept of  mobile  interaction,  there are  three  main  activities.  There  areunderstanding users, developing prototype designs and evaluation. Percentage points is higher in the evaluation, indicates that the user is able  to use  the system  and  interact  with  the system    and  based on feedback  from users, no complaints  are  ejected  from  the user  in  the system path. This provides an assessment of the success of the system design, system success and user satisfaction convey information to the system. Expected in the long periode, the system can increase tourism sector in the city of Palangka Raya

  14. First accelerator-based physics of 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    Experiments in the East Area received their first beams from the PS this week. Theirs is CERN's first accelerator-based physics since LS1 began last year.   For the East Area, the PS performs a so-called slow extraction, where beam is extracted during many revolution periods (the time it take for particles to go around the PS, ~2.1 μs). The yellow line shows the circulating beam current in the PS, decreasing slowly during the slow extraction, which lasts 350 ms. The green line is the measured proton intensity in the transfer line toward the East Area target. Although LHC physics is still far away, we can now confirm that the injectors are producing physics! In the East Area - the experimental area behind the PS - the T9 and T10 beam lines are providing beams for physics. These beam lines serve experiments such as AIDA - which looks at new detector solutions for future accelerators - and the ALICE Inner Tracking System - which tests components for the ALICE experiment. &qu...

  15. Towards a high performance geometry library for particle-detector simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apostolakis, J.; Bandieramonte, M.; Bitzes, G.; Brun, R.; Canal, P.; Carminati, F.; Cosmo, G.; De Fine Licht, J. C.; Duhem, L.; Elvira, V. D.; Gheata, A.; Jun, S. Y.; Lima, G.; Nikitina, T.; Novak, M.; Sehgal, R.; Shadura, O.; Wenzel, S.

    2015-05-01

    Thread-parallelisation and single-instruction multiple data (SIMD) ”vectorisation” of software components in HEP computing has become a necessity to fully benefit from current and future computing hardware. In this context, the Geant-Vector/GPU simulation project aims to re-engineer current software for the simulation of the passage of particles through detectors in order to increase the overall event throughput. As one of the core modules in this area, the geometry library plays a central role and vectorising its algorithms will be one of the cornerstones towards achieving good CPU performance. Here, we report on the progress made in vectorising the shape primitives, as well as in applying new C++ template based optimisations of existing code available in the Geant4, ROOT or USolids geometry libraries. We will focus on a presentation of our software development approach that aims to provide optimised code for all use cases of the library (e.g., single particle and many-particle APIs) and to support different architectures (CPU and GPU) while keeping the code base small, manageable and maintainable. We report on a generic and templated C++ geometry library as a continuation of the AIDA USolids project. The experience gained with these developments will be beneficial to other parts of the simulation software, such as for the optimisation of the physics library, and possibly to other parts of the experiment software stack, such as reconstruction and analysis.

  16. Biocatalysis on the surface of Escherichia coli: melanin pigmentation of the cell exterior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gustavsson, Martin; Hörnström, David; Lundh, Susanna; Belotserkovsky, Jaroslav; Larsson, Gen

    2016-01-01

    Today, it is considered state-of-the-art to engineer living organisms for various biotechnology applications. Even though this has led to numerous scientific breakthroughs, the enclosed interior of bacterial cells still restricts interactions with enzymes, pathways and products due to the mass-transfer barrier formed by the cell envelope. To promote accessibility, we propose engineering of biocatalytic reactions and subsequent product deposition directly on the bacterial surface. As a proof-of-concept, we used the AIDA autotransporter vehicle for Escherichia coli surface expression of tyrosinase and fully oxidized externally added tyrosine to the biopolymer melanin. This resulted in a color change and creation of a black cell exterior. The capture of ninety percent of a pharmaceutical wastewater pollutant followed by regeneration of the cell bound melanin matrix through a simple pH change, shows the superior function and facilitated processing provided by the surface methodology. The broad adsorption spectrum of melanin could also allow removal of other micropollutants. PMID:27782179

  17. A Brief Analysis on the Stylistic Features of Advertising English%广告英语的语体学特征简析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周慧星

    2014-01-01

    广告英语作为具有很高商业价值的实用文体,有着独特的“鼓动性语言”,具有强大的“说服力”。其语体特征主要为:大量使用简单的陈述句、祈使句、疑问句和现在分词结构;时态以一般现在时为主;语态以主动语态为主,力求最有效地达到引起消费者的AIDA(Attention注意,interest兴趣,desire欲望,action行动)的广告目标。%Advertising English, as a practical language style of high commercial value, is a unique“encouraging, persuasive”lan-guage. The stylistic features of its grammar can be summed up as follows:extensive use of simple declarative sentences, imperative sentences, interrogative sentences and present participle structures;present tense-based and active voice-based;aimed at arousing the AIDA (attention, interest, desire and action) of the audience.

  18. The Development of Hierarchy of Effects Model in Advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Sukma Wijaya

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to review the hierarchy of effects models in adverti-sing, especially the well-known model, AIDA (Attention, Interest, De-sire, and Action. Since its introduction by Lewis (1900 and generally attributed in the marketing and advertising literature by Strong (1925, the concept of AIDA’s hierarchy of effects model has been used by many researchers, both academicians and practitioners. The model is used to measure the effect of an advertisement. However, the deve-lopment of information technology has radically changed the way of how people communicate and socialize; as well as a paradigm shift from product-oriented marketing to consumer-oriented marketing or people-oriented marketing. Therefore, the variables in the hierarchy of effects model needs to be updated in respond to the latest develop-ments in the notice of public power as consumer audience. Based on deep literature review and reflective method, this paper introduces a new developed concept of hierarchy of effects model that was adop-ted from AIDA’s hierarchy of effects model, namely: AISDALSLove (At-tention, Interest, Search, Desire, Action, Like/dislike, Share, and Love/hate.

  19. Investigating the effect of advertisement on consumer behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahar Khodakaram Arzanagh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available During the past few years, there has been tremendous increase in advertisement expenses all over the world. Therefore, it is important to examine, to investigate and to evaluate the performance of advertisement to reach organizations’ objectives. This paper presents an empirical investigation using highly reliable and efficient method called AIDA, which consists of four factors: attention, interest, desire and action. The study is implemented for one of Iranian food suppliers called TABAROK located in city of Mashad, Iran. The survey selects a sample of 300 regular customers and distributes a standard questionnaire among them. Cronbach alpha has been calculated as 0.93, which is well above the minimum desirable level. Using Spearman correlation test, the study confirms that all four components of the survey influences consumer behavior, positively. The study also indicates that there were some positive and meaningful correlations among various components of the survey. In addition, applying Freedman test indicates that advertisement has the highest impact on convincing consumer to purchase product.

  20. Abstract Interfaces for Data Analysis —Component Architecture for Data Analysis Tools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    G.Barrand; P.Binko; 等

    2001-01-01

    The fast turnover of software technologies,in particular in the domain of in teractivity(covering user interface and visualisation)makes it difficult for a small group of people to produce complete and polished software-tools before the underlying technologies make them obsolete.At the HepVis '99 workshop,a working group has been formed to improve the rpoduction of software tools for data analysis in HENP.Beside promoting a distributed development organisation,one goal of the group is to systematically design a set of abstract interfaces based on using modern OO analysis and OO design techniques.An initial domain analysis has come up with several categories(componets)found in typical data analysis tools:historams,Ntuples,Functions,Vectors,Fitter,Plotter,Analyzer and Controller,Special Emphasis was put on reducing the couplings between the categories to a minimum,thus optimising re-use and maintainability of any component individually.The interfaces have been defined in Java and C++ and implementations exist in the form of libraries and tools using C++(Anaphe/Lizard,Openscientist)and Java(Java Analysis Studio),A special implementation aims at accessing the Java Liraries(through their Abstract Interfaces)from C++.This paper giver an overview of the architecture and design of the various components for data analysis as discussed in AIDA.

  1. A LaBr{sub 3}: Ce fast-timing array for DESPEC at FAIR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roberts, Oliver J., E-mail: O.J.Roberts@brighton.ac.uk [School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics, University of Brighton, Brighton BN2 4GJ (United Kingdom); Bruce, Alison M. [School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics, University of Brighton, Brighton BN2 4GJ (United Kingdom); Regan, Patrick H. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); National Physics Laboratory, Teddington, TW11 0LW (United Kingdom); Podolyák, Zsolt; Townsley, Christopher M. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Smith, John F.; Mulholland, Kieran F. [School of Engineering, The University of the West of Scotland, Paisley PA1 2BE (United Kingdom); Smith, Andrew [The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

    2014-06-01

    The design of a fast-timing γ-ray detection array aimed at measuring sub-nanosecond half-lives using LaBr{sub 3}:Ce scintillation crystals is presented. This array will complement novel and existing charged particle and neutron detector arrays at the low-energy branch of a fragment separator (Super-FRS) to be built within the NuSTAR collaboration as part of the future Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research (FAIR). The array will be used in conjunction with the Advanced Implantation Detector Array (AIDA), to measure implant-decay correlations. Monte-Carlo simulations have been performed to determine the design of the proposed fast-timing array around a localised implantation point. In particular, simulations were used to determine the full-energy peak efficiencies for single cylindrical, conical and ‘hybrid’ detector geometries, as well as complete array configurations of ‘hybrid’ and ∅1.5 in.×2 in. cylindrical crystals. Timing precision calculations were then used to determine the timing response for each configuration based on its simulated efficiency. An informed decision based on the simulated efficiencies and timing precision calculations allowed the optimum configuration for the array to be determined.

  2. Pärnus valitsesid torm ja uus graafika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Graafikafestival IN Graafika Pärnus. 8. I tegi Erik Alalooga teerullitrüki Rüütli tänaval, avati Muuseumi Aidas Ville-Karel Viirelaiu kuraatorinäitus "Meie, kes me oleme saiad" ja teemanäitus "Man + Machine", Pärnu Kontserdimajas Narva graafika, Endla teatris Leonhard Lapini ja maavalitsuses Peeter Alliku linoollõigete näitus, TÜ kolledzhis Raul Meele "Kirjad lindudelt" ja Andrus Joonase graafiliste maalide näitus, mudaravilas soome graafika, Eesti Litograafiakeskuses Kopli Kunstigümnaasiumi ja J. Köleri nim. Positivistliku Kunsttööstuskooli noorte näitus, Punases tornis läti graafika, Jazz Cafe's mulluse laureaadi Aivar Kurvitsa näitus. Töötasid litograafia- ja elektroonilise muusika (Alex Weber) workshopid. Kolm võrdset preemiat: Ville-Karel Viirelaid (näituse kureerimine), Fashist Lendas Üle (avaperformance), Tanel Saar (graafikatehnika). Grand Prix - Narva kunstnikud (näitus "Narva liinil"). Pärnu Linnagaleriis näitus "In graafika top 10", 19.-20. I Toomas Kuusingu juhendatav linoollõigete workshop

  3. Results from the University of Toronto continuous flow diffusion chamber at ICIS 2007: instrument intercomparison and ice onsets for different aerosol types

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. A. Kanji

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The University of Toronto continuous flow diffusion chamber (UT-CFDC was used to study heterogeneous ice nucleation at the International Workshop on Comparing Ice Nucleation Measuring Systems (ICIS 2007 which also represented the 4-th ice nucleation workshop, on 14–28 September 2007. One goal of the workshop was to inter-compare different ice nucleation measurement techniques using the same aerosol sample source and preparation method. The aerosol samples included four types of desert mineral dust, graphite soot particles, and live and dead bacterial cells (Snomax®. This paper focuses on the UT-CFDC results, with a comparison to techniques of established heritage including the Colorado State CFDC and the AIDA expansion chamber. Good agreement was found between the different instruments with a few specific differences, especially at low temperatures, perhaps due to the variation in how onset of ice formation is defined between the instruments and the different inherent residence times. It was found that when efficiency of ice formation is based on the lowest onset relative humidity, Snomax® particles were most efficient followed by the desert dusts and then soot. For all aerosols, deposition mode freezing was only observed for T<45 K except for the dead bacteria where freezing occurred below water saturation as warm as 263 K.

  4. Results from the University of Toronto continuous flow diffusion chamber (UT-CFDC at the international workshop for comparing ice nucleation measuring systems (ICIS 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. A. Kanji

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The University of Toronto continuous flow diffusion chamber (UT-CFDC was used to study heterogeneous ice nucleation at the International Workshop on Comparing Ice Nucleation Measuring Systems (ICIS 2007 which also represented the 4th ice nucleation workshop, on 14–28 September 2007. One goal of the workshop was to inter-compare different ice nucleation measurement techniques using the same aerosol sample source and preparation method. The aerosol samples included four types of desert mineral dust, graphite soot particles, and live and dead bacterial cells (Snomax®. This paper focuses on the UT-CFDC results, with a comparison to techniques of established heritage including the Colorado State CFDC and the AIDA expansion chamber. Good agreement was found between the different instruments with a few specific differences attributed to the variation in how onset of ice formation is defined between the instruments. It was found that when efficiency of ice formation is based on the lowest onset relative humidity, Snomax® particles were most efficient followed by the desert dusts and then soot. For all aerosols, deposition mode freezing was only observed for T < 245 K except for the dead bacteria where freezing occurred below water saturation as warm as 263 K.

  5. Results from the University of Toronto continuous flow diffusion chamber at ICIS 2007: instrument intercomparison and ice onsets for different aerosol types

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanji, Z. A.; Demott, P. J.; Möhler, O.; Abbatt, J. P. D.

    2011-01-01

    The University of Toronto continuous flow diffusion chamber (UT-CFDC) was used to study heterogeneous ice nucleation at the International Workshop on Comparing Ice Nucleation Measuring Systems (ICIS 2007) which also represented the 4-th ice nucleation workshop, on 14-28 September 2007. One goal of the workshop was to inter-compare different ice nucleation measurement techniques using the same aerosol sample source and preparation method. The aerosol samples included four types of desert mineral dust, graphite soot particles, and live and dead bacterial cells (Snomax®). This paper focuses on the UT-CFDC results, with a comparison to techniques of established heritage including the Colorado State CFDC and the AIDA expansion chamber. Good agreement was found between the different instruments with a few specific differences, especially at low temperatures, perhaps due to the variation in how onset of ice formation is defined between the instruments and the different inherent residence times. It was found that when efficiency of ice formation is based on the lowest onset relative humidity, Snomax® particles were most efficient followed by the desert dusts and then soot. For all aerosols, deposition mode freezing was only observed for T<45 K except for the dead bacteria where freezing occurred below water saturation as warm as 263 K.

  6. Results from the University of Toronto continuous flow diffusion chamber (UT-CFDC) at the international workshop for comparing ice nucleation measuring systems (ICIS 2007)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanji, Z. A.; Demott, P. J.; Möhler, O.; Abbatt, J. P. D.

    2010-09-01

    The University of Toronto continuous flow diffusion chamber (UT-CFDC) was used to study heterogeneous ice nucleation at the International Workshop on Comparing Ice Nucleation Measuring Systems (ICIS 2007) which also represented the 4th ice nucleation workshop, on 14-28 September 2007. One goal of the workshop was to inter-compare different ice nucleation measurement techniques using the same aerosol sample source and preparation method. The aerosol samples included four types of desert mineral dust, graphite soot particles, and live and dead bacterial cells (Snomax®). This paper focuses on the UT-CFDC results, with a comparison to techniques of established heritage including the Colorado State CFDC and the AIDA expansion chamber. Good agreement was found between the different instruments with a few specific differences attributed to the variation in how onset of ice formation is defined between the instruments. It was found that when efficiency of ice formation is based on the lowest onset relative humidity, Snomax® particles were most efficient followed by the desert dusts and then soot. For all aerosols, deposition mode freezing was only observed for T < 245 K except for the dead bacteria where freezing occurred below water saturation as warm as 263 K.

  7. THE ADOPTION STAGES OF MOBILE NAVIGATION TECHNOLOGY WAZE APP AS JAKARTA TRAFFIC JAM SOLUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NONI NOERKAISAR

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes the adoption stages of Waze mobile navigation by using a hierarchy of effects models AIDA. Data were obtained through the survey method by means of direct interview using questionnaire instrument assistance. The results showed that there were two groups, one who have already used the Waze application and the other who have not yet used Waze application. The two groups were analyzed to see a series of Waze application adoption process. It can be seen that each stage in the adoption process affects each other. The interest of respondents to the Waze app is affected by the strengthening of awareness regarding the benefits offered by mobile navigation app Waze. The high interest of resondents continues to stage where the respondents are interested in using Waze application. At the final stage it is known that the majority of respondents who were exposed to information on uses and functions of the application Waze are willing to immediately adopt the Waze app as a mobile navigation application while driving

  8. The role of glutamatergic and GABAergic systems on serotonin- induced feeding behavior in chicken.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortezaei, Sepideh Seyedali; Zendehdel, Morteza; Babapour, Vahab; Hasani, Keyvan

    2013-12-01

    It has been reported that serotonin can modulate glutamate and GABA release in central nervous system (CNS). The present study was designed to examine the role of glutamatergic and GABAergic systems on serotonin- induced feeding behavior in chickens. In Experiment 1 intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of MK- 801(NMDA receptor antagonist, 15 nmol) performed followed by serotonin (10 μg). In experiments 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 prior to serotonin injection, chickens received CNQX (AMPA/kainate receptor antagonist, 390 nmol), AIDA (mGluR1 antagonist, 2 nmol), LY341495 (mGluR2 antagonist, 150 nmol), UBP1112 (mGluR3 antagonist, 2 nmol), picrotoxin (GABA A receptor antagonist, 0.5 μg), CGP54626 (GABAB receptor antagonist, 20 ng) respectively. Cumulative food intake was determined at 3 h post injection. The results of this study showed that the hypophagic effect of serotonin was significantly attenuated by pretreatment with MK- 801 and CNQX (p 0.05). Also, the inhibitory effect of serotonin on food intake was amplified by picrotoxin (p 0.05). These results suggest that serotonin as a modulator probably interacts with glutamatergic (via NMDA and AMPA/Kainate receptors) and GABAergic (via GABAA receptor) systems on feeding behavior in chicken.

  9. Anaphe—OO Libraries and Tools for Data Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    O.Couet; B.Ferrero-Merlino; 等

    2001-01-01

    The Anaple project is an ongoing effort to provide an Object Oriented software environment for data analysis in HENP experiments,A range of commercial and public domain libraries is used to cover basic functionalities;on top of these libraries a set of HENP-sepcific C++ class libraries for histogram management fitting,plotting and ntuple-like data analysis has been developed .In order to comply with the user requireements for a command-line driven tool,we have chosen to use a scripting language(Python)as the fromt-ent for a data analysis tool.The loose coupling provided by the consequent use of (AIDA compliant)Abstract Interfaces for each component in combination with the use of shared libraries for their implementation provies an easy integration of existing libraries into modern scipting languages thus allowing for rapid application development.This integration is simplified even further suing a specialised toolkit(SWIG)to create" shadow Classes"for the Python language,which map the definitions of the Abstract Interfaces almost at a one-to-one level.This paper will give an overview of the architecture and design choices and will present the current status and future developments of the project.

  10. The Timepix Telescope for High Performance Particle Tracking

    CERN Document Server

    Akiba, Kazuyoshi; van Beuzekom, Martin; van Beveren, Vincent; Borghi, Silvia; Boterenbrood, Henk; Buytaert, Jan; Collins, Paula; Dosil Suárez, Alvaro; Dumps, Raphael; Eklund, Lars; Esperante, Daniel; Gallas, Abraham; Gordon, Hamish; van der Heijden, Bas; Hombach, Christoph; Hynds, Daniel; John, Malcolm; Leflat, Alexander; Li, Yi Ming; Longstaff, Ian; Morton, Alexander; Nakatsuka, Noritsugu; Nomerotski, Andre; Parkes, Chris; Perez Trigo, Eliseo; Plackett, Richard; Reid, Matthew M; Rodriguez Perez, Pablo; Schindler, Heinrich; Szumlak, Tomasz; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Vázquez Sierra, Carlos; Velthuis, Jaap; Wysokinski, Michal

    2013-01-01

    The Timepix particle tracking telescope has been developed as part of the LHCb VELO Upgrade project, supported by the Medipix Collaboration and the AIDA framework. It is a primary piece of infrastructure for the VELO Upgrade project and is being used for the development of new sensors and front end technologies for several upcoming LHC trackers and vertexing systems. The telescope is designed around the dual capability of the Timepix ASICs to provide information about either the deposited charge or the timing information from tracks traversing the 14 x 14mm matrix of 55 x 55 um pixels. The rate of reconstructed tracks available is optimised by taking advantage of the shutter driven readout architecture of the Timepix chip, operated with existing readout systems. Results of tests conducted in the SPS North Area beam facility at CERN show that the telescope typically provides reconstructed track rates during the beam spills of between 3.5 and 7.5 kHz, depending on beam conditions. The tracks are time stamped wi...

  11. ESBWR passive aerosol removal - maintaining plant simplicity for offsite dose reduction; Elimination passive des aerosols dans l`ESBWR - assurer la simplicite pour reduire les doses hors site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guntay, S.; Suckow, D. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland); Siccama, N.B. [Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN), Petten (Netherlands); Khorana, S.S. [General Electric Nuclear Energy (GENE) (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The European Simplified Boiling Water Reactor (ESBWR) being designed by a team consisting of several European partners and General Electric (GE) incorporates the latest research in its approach towards the removal of aerosols that are generated subsequent to a severe accident. The efforts of this international team have resulted in several new developments. One such innovative development in the ESBWR is the dual function PCC (Passive Containment Cooling) heat exchanger. In addition to removing decay remove in-containment aerosols. However, the decay heat removal capability of these PCC heat exchangers in an aerosol environment needs to be determined. This paper provides a general description of fission product control in the ESBWR. In addition, results of one test that has been performed at the Aerosol Impaction and Deposition Analysis (AIDA) - PCCS facility of the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) are also presented. The objective of this test was to determine the PCC heat exchanger performance when high concentrations of aerosols are released in the containment. The test was performed under humidity and aerosol concentrations that were on the upper end of the range expected in the ESBWR. Results indicate a high degree of aerosol retention in the PCCS heat exchangers. Moreover, the effectiveness of the PCC heat exchanger units in continuing to remove decay heat in a high concentration aerosol environment was demonstrated. (authors). 7 refs.

  12. IRRAD: The New 24GeV/c Proton Irradiation Facility at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Gkotse, Blerina; Moll, Michael; Ravotti, Federico

    2016-01-01

    The proton and mixed-field irradiation facilities at the CERN PS East Area (known as IRRAD1 and IRRAD2), have been heavily exploited for irradiation of particle detectors, electronic components and materials since 1992. With the increasing demand of irradiation experiments, and in view of the High-Luminosity upgrade of the CERN Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC), these facilities suffered of a number of unpleasant restrictions such as the space availability, the maximum achievable particle flux and several access constraints. In the framework of the AIDA project, an upgrade of these facilities was carried out during the Long Shutdown 1 (LS1) of the CERN accelerator complex. The new combined East Area IRRADiation facility (EA-IRRAD) started the commissioning in October 2014. While the new proton facility (IRRAD) continue to be mainly devoted to the radiation hardness studies for the High Energy Physics community, the new mixed-field facility (CHARM) mainly hosts irradiation experiments for the validation of electr...

  13. Small-body deflection techniques using spacecraft: techniques in simulating the fate of ejecta

    CERN Document Server

    Schwartz, Stephen R; Michel, Patrick; Jutzi, Martin

    2016-01-01

    We define a set of procedures to numerically study the fate of ejecta produced by the impact of an artificial projectile with the aim of deflecting an asteroid. Here we develop a simplified, idealized model of impact conditions that can be adapted to fit the details of specific deflection-test scenarios, such as what is being proposed for the AIDA project. Ongoing studies based upon the methodology described here can be used to inform observational strategies and safety conditions for an observing spacecraft. To account for ejecta evolution, the numerical strategies we are employing are varied and include a large N-Body component, a smoothed-particle hydrodynamics (SPH) component, and an application of impactor scaling laws. Simulations that use SPH-derived initial conditions show high-speed ejecta escaping at low angles of inclination, and very slowly moving ejecta lofting off the surface at higher inclination angles, some of which re-impacts the small-body surface. We are currently investigating the realism...

  14. The Last Straw

    CERN Multimedia

    McFarlane, K.W.

    2002-01-01

    On 4 December 2002 at Hampton University, we completed processing the 'straws' for the Barrel TRT. The straws are plastic tubes 4 mm in diameter and 1.44 m long. More than 52 thousand straws will be used to build the drift tube detectors in the Barrel TRT. The picture shows some members of the Hampton production team ceremonially cutting the last straw to its final precise length. The production team, responsible for processing 64 thousand straws, included Jacquelyn Hodges, Carolyn Griffin, Princess Wilkins, Aida Kelly, Alan Fry, and (not pictured) Chuck Long, Nedra Peeples, and Hilda Williams. The straws have a cosmopolitan history. First, plastic film from a U.S. company was shipped to Russia to be coated with conductive materials and adhesive. The coated film was slit into long ribbons and sent to the UK to be wound into tubes. The tubes were then sent to two ATLAS collaborators in Russia, PNPI (Gatchina) and JINR (Dubna), where they were reinforced with carbon fibres to make them stiff and accuratel...

  15. Colosalidad, ópera y espíritu del lugar: una impresión antropológica de la arena de Verona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio González Alcantud

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Que los genii loci, o espíritus del lugar, no son sólo azarosas conjunciones de lugares arquitectónicos o paisajísticos con (figura 1, un destino prefijado nos lo puede mostrar la historia cultural de la Arena de Verona, antiguo anfiteatro romano, construido en el siglo I, cuya fábrica se conserva en extraordinarias condiciones en el día de hoy. La Rena es conocida mundialmente por ser el anfiteatro más grande después del Coliseo romano, y por su estado de conservación que ha permitido su uso continuado como albergue de espectáculos. Lo ha sido más aún desde 1913, en que se celebró una espectacular Aida con motivo del centenario del nacimiento de Verdi, manteniendo continuadamente una temporada veraniega de ópera, con un fuerte marchamo verdiano, que atrae a aficionados y turistas de toda procedencia. Esta imagen ha prosperado y ha producido la conjunción entre la colosalidad del anfiteatro y la grandiosidad de las óperas de Verdi, con el público de masas, dando lugar a un espectáculo cuanto menos singular.

  16. The microphysical properties of small ice particles measured during MACPEX

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, C. G.; Schnaiter, M.; Heymsfield, A.; Bansemer, A.; Hirst, E.

    2012-12-01

    During the Mid-latitude Airborne Cirrus Properties Experiment (MACPEX) field campaign, the Small Ice Detector version 3 (SID-3) and the NCAR Video Ice Particle Sampler (VIPS) probes were operated onboard the NASA WB-57 aircraft to measure the microphysical properties of small ice particles in midlatitude cirrus clouds. The VIPS was optimized to measure the particle size distribution and projected area properties of ice particles between 20 and 200 microns and measurements agreed well with other microphysical probes. SID-3 measures the forward light scattering pattern from ice particles in the 1 to 100 micron size range. Forward scattering patterns can be used to characterize ice particle shape as well as surface roughness. Scattering patterns appear to be 'speckled' when particles have surface roughness and/or are polycrystalline. Scattering patterns can be used to identify quasi-spherical ice particles as well as particles which are sublimating. Sublimating crystals, spherical ice particles, and particles with surface roughness were all observed by SID-3 during MACPEX. Observed particle properties will be correlated to concurrent atmospheric observations. Measurements from the controlled environment of the Aerosol Interaction and Dynamics in the Atmosphere (AIDA) cloud chamber will be related to atmospheric particle measurements.

  17. Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of carob tree fruit pulps are strongly influenced by gender and cultivar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Custodio, L; Fernandes, E; Escapa, A L; Fajardo, A; Aligue, R; Albericio, F; Neng, N R; Nogueira, J M F; Romano, A

    2011-07-13

    Extracts from fruit pulps of six female cultivars and two hermaphrodite Portuguese carob trees [(Ceratonia siliqua L., Fabaceae)] exhibited strong antioxidant activity and were rich in phenolic compounds. The extracts decreased the viability of different human cancer cell lines on a dose- and time-dependent manner. Gender and cultivar significantly influenced the chemical content and the biological activities of the extracts. Extracts from hermaphrodite trees had a higher content of phenolic compounds, and exhibited higher antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. Among females, cv. Aida had the highest radical scavenging activity and total content of phenolics, Mulata the highest capacity to inhibit lipid oxidation and Gasparinha the strongest cytotoxic activity on HeLa cells. The decrease in cell viability was associated with apoptosis on HeLa and MDA-MB-231 lines. (+)-Catechin and gallic acid (GA) were the main compounds identified in the extracts, and GA contributed to the antioxidant activity. Our results show that the antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of carob tree fruit pulps are strongly influenced by gender and cultivar, and provide new knowledge about the advantages of hermaphrodite trees over female cultivars, namely, as a source of compounds with biological interest, which may represent an increase of their agronomic interest.

  18. Efficiency of the deposition mode ice nucleation on mineral dust particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Möhler

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The deposition mode ice nucleation efficiency of various dust aerosols was investigated at cirrus cloud temperatures between 196 and 223 K using the aerosol and cloud chamber facility AIDA (Aerosol Interaction and Dynamics in the Atmosphere. Arizona test dust (ATD as a reference material and two dust samples from the Takla Makan desert in Asia (AD1 and the Sahara (SD2 were used for the experiments at simulated cloud conditions. The dust particle sizes were almost lognormally distributed with mode diameters between 0.3 and 0.5 μm and geometric standard deviations between 1.6 and 1.9. Deposition ice nucleation was most efficient on ATD particles with ice-active particle fractions of about 0.6 and 0.8 at an ice saturation ratio SiSiSi. This indicates that deposition ice nucleation on mineral particles may not be treated in the same stochastic sense as homogeneous freezing. The suggested formulation of ice activation spectra may be used to calculate the formation rate of ice crystals in models, if the number concentration of dust particles is known. More experimental work is needed to quantify the variability of the ice activation spectra as function of the temperature and dust particle properties.

  19. Laser filament-induced aerosol formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Saathoff

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Using the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA we investigated the laser filament induced particle formation in ambient air, humid synthetic air, humid nitrogen, argon-oxygen mixture, and pure argon in order to simulate the particle formation under realistic atmospheric conditions as well as to investigate the influence of typical gas-phase atmospheric constituents on the particle formation. Terawatt laser plasma filaments generated new particles in the size range 3 to 130 nm with particle production rates ranging from 1 × 107 to 5 × 109 cm−3 plasma s−1. In all cases the particle formation rates increased exponentially with the water content of the gas mixture. Furthermore, the presence of a few ppb of trace gases like SO2 and α-pinene clearly enhanced the particle yield by number, the latter also by mass. Our findings suggest that new particle formation is efficiently supported by acids generated by the photo-ionization of both major and minor components of the air, including N2, NH3, SO2 and organics.

  20. Suveteater kui bränd ja trend. Teatrisuvi 2006 / Jaak Allik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allik, Jaak, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Suvelavastustest: "Vargamäe kuningriik" A. H. Tammsaare "Tõe ja õiguse" I ja V osa ainetel Endla teatri ja Rakvere Teatri ühisprojekt Vargamäel (lavastaja Jaanus Rohumaa), Urmas Lennuk "Koidula" Emajõe Suveteatris (lavastaja Andres Dvinjaninov), "Romeo & Julia" Eesti Nuku- ja Noorsooteatris (lavastaja Andres Dvinjaninov), Andrus Kivirähk "Sürrealistid" Viinistus (lavastaja Hendrik Toompere jun), Mart Kivastik "Kits viiuli ja õngega" Viinistus (lavastaja Raimo Pass), Jaan Kross "Vastutuulelaev" Naissaarel (lavastaja Aleksander Eelmaa), Alfred Jarry "Kuningas Ubu" Teater NO99 Haapsalu Kiltsi lennuvälja angaarides (lavastajad Ene-Liis Semper ja Tiit Ojasoo), Mart Laar ja Lauri Vahtre "Minust jäävad ainult laulud" Munamäe nõlval (lavastaja Tõnu Lensment), A. H. Tammsaare - H. Rekkor "Tõde:ei:õigus" Vargamäe aidas (lavastaja Helen Rekkor), Rudolf Reiman "Painaja" Leigo Järveteatris (lavastajad Jaan Tooming ja Anne Türnpu), Brian Friel "Kodukoht" Eesti Draamateater Keila-Joa mõisas (lavastaja Priit Pedajas), A. Tshehhov - P. Tammearu "Kolm klaasikest kirsiviina" Ugala tiigi kaldal (lavastaja Peeter Tammearu), Jaan Tätte "Kaev" Tallinna Linnateatri siseõues (lavastaja Indrek Sammul), Jim Ashilev "Nagu poisid vihma käes" Endla teater Muuseumiaidas (lavastaja Andres Noormets)

  1. A quantitative test of infrared optical constants for supercooled sulphuric and nitric acid droplet aerosols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Wagner

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available In situ Fourier transform infrared (FTIR extinction spectra of supercooled H2SO4/H2O and HNO3/H2O solution droplets were recorded in the large coolable aerosol chamber AIDA (Aerosol Interactions and Dynamics in the Atmosphere of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe for a range of aerosol compositions and at temperatures extending down to 192 K. The measured spectra were quantitatively analysed in terms of aerosol composition and mass concentration by using Mie theory in combination with published refractive index data as input parameters. Simultaneously, total sulphuric acid and nitric acid mass concentrations from filter analysis and total water concentrations measured with the Lyman-a hygrometer of Forschungszentrum Jülich were used to calculate the aerosol composition at thermodynamic equilibrium inside the aerosol chamber. By comparing these measured aerosol parameters with those retrieved from the analysis of the FTIR spectra, the accuracy of the literature data sets of refractive indices could be assessed. In summary, four data sets were tested in the H2SO4/H2O system as well as two data sets in the HNO3/H2O system, partly revealing significant discrepancies in the retrieved aerosol properties. Potential explanations for these differences are discussed in this paper.

  2. Genetic Relationships and Spatial Genetic Structure Among Populations of Rhodnius prolixus (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Colombia and Venezuela Based on Mitochondrial Cytochrome-b Sequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luna-Marín, K P; Angulo-Silva, V M; Hernández-Torres, J; Ruiz-García, M

    2016-11-26

    One hundred twenty Rhodnius prolixus (Stal) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) specimens from 6 Colombian Departments and 1 Venezuelan State had 594-bp of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene sequenced to improve the understanding of evolutionary processes that shape the main vector of Chagas disease. The levels of genetic diversity for this species were low-medium with reference to other bugs. The genetic heterogeneity among the populations was very limited which means there has been extensive gene flow and/or very recent split processes. The overall sample as well as some individual populations showed evidence of recent population expansions (with the exception of Arauca, which yielded evidence of a bottleneck for a mismatch distribution). This expansion (11,000 or 2000-25,000 year ago depending of two procedures employed) coincides with the ending of the last intense glacial conditions during the Pleistocene and the beginning of the Holocene that had a warmer and wetter climate. Some of our autocorrelation analyses (AIDA and Genetic Landscape Interpolation Analysis) indicated local patches of high genetic similarity but no globally significant spatial structure. We did show an original haplotype distributed throughout the entirety of the geographical area studied.

  3. Preliminary investigation of butterfly species in mountain natural protection high Li%高黎贡山百花岭地区蝴蝶种类的初步调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉; 高焕平

    2014-01-01

    于2006~2012年连续七年对高黎贡山百花岭地区蝴蝶种类进行了初步调查,并对所采集到的蝶类标本进行了物种的鉴定和个体数量的统计分析.调查结果表明高黎贡山百花岭地区蝴蝶类群共有9个科,共64种,其中:凤蝶科(Papilionidae) 13种,斑蝶科(Danaidae)8种,蛱蝶科(Nymphalidae)21种,粉蝶科(Pieridae)12种,眼蝶科(Satyridae)3种,蚬碟科(Riodinidae)2种,灰碟科(Lycaenidae)3种,珍蝶科(Acraeidae)1种,弄碟科(Hesperiidae)1种,其中个体数量最多的为斑蝶科(Danaidae)的大绢斑蝶(Parantica sita),其次是紫斑蝶(Purple crow butterflies).

  4. Conceptual design of the BRIKEN detector: A hybrid neutron-gamma detection system for nuclear physics at the RIB facility of RIKEN

    CERN Document Server

    Tarifeño-Saldivia, A; Domingo-Pardo, C; Calviño, F; Cortes, G; Phong, V H; Riego, A

    2016-01-01

    BRIKEN is a complex detection system to be installed at the RIB-facility of the RIKEN Nishina Center. It is aimed at the detection of heavy-ion implants, $\\beta$-particles, $\\gamma$-rays and $\\beta$-delayed neutrons. The whole detection setup involves the Advanced Implantation Detection Array (AIDA), two HPGe Clover detectors and a large set of 166 counters of 3He embedded in a high-density polyethylene matrix. This article reports on a novel methodology developed for the conceptual design and optimisation of the 3He-tubes array, aiming at the best possible performance in terms of neutron detection. The algorithm is based on a geometric representation of two selected parameters of merit, namely, average neutron detection efficiency and efficiency flatness, as a function of a reduced number of geometric variables. The response of the detection system itself, for each configuration, is obtained from a systematic MC-simulation implemented realistically in Geant4. This approach has been found to be particularly u...

  5. Homogeneous nucleation rates of nitric acid dihydrate (NAD at simulated stratospheric conditions – Part II: Modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Möhler

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Activation energies ΔGact for the nucleation of nitric acid dihydrate (NAD in supercooled binary HNO3/H2O solution droplets were calculated from volume-based nucleation rate measurements using the AIDA (Aerosol, Interactions, and Dynamics in the Atmosphere aerosol chamber of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. The experimental conditions covered temperatures T between 192 and 197 K, NAD saturation ratios SNAD between 7 and 10, and nitric acid molar fractions of the nucleating sub-micron sized droplets between 0.26 and 0.28. Based on classical nucleation theory, a new parameterisation for ΔGact=A×(T ln SNAD−2+B is fitted to the experimental data with A=2.5×106 kcal K2 mol−1 and B=11.2−0.1(T−192 kcal mol−1. A and B were chosen to also achieve good agreement with literature data of ΔGact. The parameter A implies, for the temperature and composition range of our analysis, a mean interface tension σsl=51 cal mol−1 cm−2 between the growing NAD germ and the supercooled solution. A slight temperature dependence of the diffusion activation energy is represented by the parameter B. Investigations with a detailed microphysical process model showed that literature formulations of volume-based (Salcedo et al., 2001 and surface-based (Tabazadeh et al., 2002 nucleation rates significantly overestimate NAD formation rates when applied to the conditions of our experiments.

  6. Heterogeneous ice nucleation activity of bacteria: new laboratory experiments at simulated cloud conditions

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    O. Möhler

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The ice nucleation activities of five different Pseudomonas syringae, Pseudomonas viridiflava and Erwinia herbicola bacterial species and of SnomaxTM were investigated in the temperature range between −5 and −15°C. Water suspensions of these bacteria were directly spray into the cloud chamber of the AIDA facility of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe at a temperature of −5.7°. At this temperature, about 1% of the SnomaxTM cells induced freezing of the spray droplets before they evaporated in the cloud chamber. The other suspensions of living cells didn't induce any measurable ice concentration during spray formation at −5.7°. The remaining aerosol was exposed to typical cloud activation conditions in subsequent experiments with expansion cooling to about −11°C. During these experiments, the bacterial cells first acted as cloud condensation nuclei to form cloud droplets and then eventually acted as ice nuclei to freeze the droplets. The results indicate that the bacteria investigated in the present study are mainly ice active in the temperature range between −7 and −11°C with an INA fraction of the order of 10−4. The ice nucleation efficiency of SnomaxTM cells was much larger with an INA fraction of 0.2 at temperatures around −8°C.

  7. Optical designs of reflection and refraction collection optics for a JT-60SA core Thomson scattering system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tojo, H; Hatae, T; Hamano, T; Sakuma, T; Itami, K

    2013-09-01

    Collection optics for core measurements in a JT-60SA Thomson scattering system were designed. The collection optics will be installed in a limited space and have a wide field of view and wide wavelength range. Two types of the optics are therefore suggested: refraction and reflection types. The reflection system, with a large primary mirror, avoids large chromatic aberrations. Because the size limit of the primary mirror and vignetting due to the secondary mirror affect the total collection throughput, conditions that provide the high throughput are found through an optimization. A refraction system with four lenses forming an Ernostar system is also employed. The use of high-refractive-index glass materials enhances the freedom of the lens curvatures, resulting in suppression of the spherical and coma aberration. Moreover, sufficient throughput can be achieved, even with smaller lenses than that of a previous design given in [H. Tojo, T. Hatae, T. Sakuma, T. Hamano, K. Itami, Y. Aida, S. Suitoh, and D. Fujie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 10D539 (2010)]. The optical resolutions of the reflection and refraction systems are both sufficient for understanding the spatial structures in plasma. In particular, the spot sizes at the image of the optics are evaluated as ~0.3 mm and ~0.4 mm, respectively. The throughput for the two systems, including the pupil size and transmissivity, are also compared. The results show that good measurement accuracy (refraction system.

  8. Post-mitigation impact risk assessment for NASA's DART kinetic impactor mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eggl, Siegfried; Hestroffer, Daniel; DART, AIM

    2016-10-01

    Field-testing kinetic impactors to deflect potentially hazardous asteroids (PHAs) is essential to better understand the challenges of future asteroid impact threat mitigation. The Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment mission (AIDA, Cheng et al. 2016), a collaborative effort between NASA and ESA, offers a timely opportunity to validate kinetic impact deflection strategies. Although the main goal of NASA's kinetic impactor (DART) is to change the circumprimary orbit of (65803) Didymos' moonlet, the imparted momentum will also slightly change the heliocentric orbit of the whole binary asteroid system. Given the high degree of non-linearity of the near-Earth dynamical environment, however, even a small change in initial conditions can affect long term predictions of the encounter distances between Didymos and the Earth. Belonging to the dynamical class of PHAs, (65803) Didymos has several encounters with the Earth over the upcoming decades, some of which are closer than 20 lunar distances. In order to confirm that no planetary safety issues arise as a consequence of DART, we conducted a post-mitigation impact risk assessment (PMIRA, Eggl et al. 2015) for the currently foreseen DART impact trajectories. In this contribution we present the latest PMIRA results and discuss the role of ESA's AIM spacecraft in reducing uncertainties arising in the deflection process.

  9. ANALISIS SPASIAL FUNGSI EKOLOGI RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU DI KOTA CIBINONG

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    Ajat Rochmat Djatnika

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Green open space has a function to reduce the level of carbondioxide in the air. Carbondioxide levels are generally increased due to an increase in motor vehicle exhaust gas emissions and land use changes, such as changes in open land into industrial, or agricultural land turned into housing, etc.Cibinong City in this decade had increased levels of carbondioxide caused by the developmnet of a growing city. Research purposes are (1 analyze changes of green open space and its impact on the ability to absorb carbondioxide, (2 analyze the amount of carbondioxide produced by motor vehicle exhaust gas emissions for each road segment and provide direction spatially green open space. In this decade (from 2000 to 2010, Changes of unbuilt land to built land increased from 2.268,88 Ha (35,78 % to3.558,22 Ha (56,12 %, however, absorption of the green open spaces of the carbondioxide increases. Whereas, Carbondioxide emission strength on larger road on the Raya Bogor (City Center 498 gr/detik which has the function of arterial roads with the task of helping regional movement. The most amount of carbondioxide emissions generated by personal vehicles, motorcycles, and ligth public trasportation, while trucks and buses do not contribute. When the carbondioxide emission strength map is overlayed with the land use map then we have the conclusion that the roads that have a high volume of vehicle movement will have a high carbondioxide levels, but not mean low air quality because it depends on the existence of protective trees as green belt. Keywords: green open spaces, carbondioxide emission levels, landuse changes

  10. Utilization of oil palm empty bunches waste as biochar-microbes for improving availibity of soil nutrients

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    G . I . Ichriani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available There are about 23% waste oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB of total waste generated from the production of crude palm oil in oil palm plantations. Pyrolysis technology can be used to convert waste into biochar and further can be utilized for the improvement of soil. Biochar-microbes of OPEFB are biochar from OPEFB biomass that enriched with soil microbes. Biochar-microbes is expected to be used for the improvement of the soil and plants. Therefore the purpose of this research was to study the ability of biochar-microbes OPEFB to increase availability of the nutrients in sandy soils. The process of making biochar done by using slow pyrolysis technology by heating 300oC and 400oC for 2 and 3 hours, and with sizes 40 and 80 mesh, as well as indigenous microbial Bulkhorderia nodosa G.52.Rif1 and Trichoderma sp. added. The biochar production and research were conducted in the Department of Forestry Laboratory and in the Department of Agronomy Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Palangka Raya University. In general, the study showed that biochar-microbes could maintain the soil pH value and tends to increase the soil pH, increasing the holding capacity of sandy soil to the elements of P and K as well as increasing the availability of nutrients N, P and K. Furthermore, this study showed that the biochar process by 400oC heating for 3 hours and 40 mesh with microbes or without microbes were the best effect on the improvement of the quality of holding capacity and the nutrients supply in sandy soils.

  11. Analysis on the Long Term Effect of Trial Test Road Constructed on Batu Pahat Soft Clay (BPSC) at Recess UTHM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idrus, M. M. M.; Edayu, A. E.; Adnan, Z.; Ismail, B.

    2016-07-01

    The reinforcement used in soil for construction of roads on the soft clay is very important as it will determine the level of service of the road after it was built. Damage or defects on the road surface to be an indicator of the level of the road has dropped and shows the deformation of the road. For this research, an analysis has carried out on the long-term effect of trial test road constructed on Batu Pahat Soft Clay (BPSC) at RECESS UTHM. Through this research, the reinforcement using Rawell Geosynthetic Clay Liner (RGCL) was the best with the stability is 14964 N, a low flow is 2.69mm, stiffness modulus is 1766 MPa, the peak load is 739.4 N and a lower horizontal deformation which is 1.71 µm compared Woven Geotextile section and section without geotextile [1] [9]. In terms of deformation can be seen clearly from physical observations that section without geotextile suffered significant damage than others. Settlement of road can also be analyzed by a longitudinal section that plotted based on the result of leveling work. After that, settlements are more visible way on the right side of the road trial. Through lab tests conducted, it indicate that the coring samples obtained from sites of each section meets the specifications set by the Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR) in terms of stability, flow and stiffness [1]. Through this study, a trial road built on soft soil can be used as a test site because of the uniqueness of these roads which has three different types of reinforcements.

  12. Spiritualitas Islam dalam Trilogi Kosmos

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    Munawir Haris

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Human beings are mysterious. Although various studies about humans have been conducted, they fail to totally comprehend them. Therefore, studies about humans are always interesting topics, especially if they attempt to reveal non-physical aspects of humans.  One way to look at this neglected aspect is to study spiritual dimensions of humans. Base on their explorations to the Qur’an and hadith, Muslim scholars propose a theory of three cosmos: macrocosmos, microcosmos and metacosmos. Macrocosmos represents the Universe. Microcosmos is human beings and metacosmos is concerned with Allah. These are three cosmologies that Muslims have to find from the scriptural texts so they can understand the central role of human beings in preserving balanced relationships among these three worlds. The Qur’an, for example, gives allegories and signs that Muslims must explore their deep meanings to gain wisdom and get closer to the Creator.Abstrak: Ada banyak dimensi misteri dalam diri manusia. Meski banyak kajian atas manusia oleh para sarjana dan filsuf, namun studi-studi mereka gagal memahami keseluruhan dimensi tersebut. Oleh karena itu, studi tentang manusia selalu menarik, terutama jika dikaitkan dengan sisi non-fisiknya. Salah satu caranya adalah dengan melakukan kajian spiritualitas manusia. Dengan mendasarkan pada al-Qur’an dan hadis, para sarjana kosmolog Muslim menawarkan konsep tiga dunia; makrokomos, mikrokosmos dan metakosmos. Makrokosmos adalah dunia atau alam raya. Mikrokosmos adalah manusia sedangkan metakosmos berkaitan dengan Allah. Orang-orang Islam kemudian mengeksplorasi rahasia-rahasia di balik al-Qur’an dan hadis untuk mendapatkan makna mengenai peran utama mereka dalam dunia kosmos tersebut dan dalam rangka mengetahui tugas mereka menjaga hubungan antarkosmos. Usaha ini diyakani mampu mengantarkan manusia menjadi bijak dan akan dekat kepada Allah.

  13. VICHADA: LA HOSPITALIDAD DEL ORINOCO. Pag. 150-157

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilmer Velandia

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Donde el cielo y la sabana se unen en el infinito, se vislumbra una sola montaña en la lejanía, parece un gigante, antiguo y oscuro al final de la inmensidad un “Tepuye”, después de unas cuantas horas de camino se acerca este gran anciano que data del precámbrico, pero no está solo. Se observan algunos compañeros iguales a él, se podrían considerar como los guardianes del imponente y hermoso Orinoko, considerado en lengua Sikuani como la gran serpiente enroscada acompañada de una gran riqueza paisajística cultural y biodiversa; bosques de galería, diferentes tipos de sabana, esteros, lagunas, morichales, bosques inundables, las que recorren aguas blancas, negras y mixtas, rodeadas por diferentes etnias y grupos indígenas como Piaroas, Sikuanis – Guahibos, Cuibas y Amoruas, que viven en forma pacífica con llaneros y colonos, orgullosos de estas tierras, amables y hospitalarios que desde hace muchos años comparten este paraíso con: bagres, pirañas, anguilas, rayas, arawanas, anacondas, ranas, sapos, caimanes, babos, iguanas, tortugas, loros, búhos, guacamayas, azucareros, pavones, paujiles, águilas, zamuros, aulladores, armadillos, ocarros, chigüiros, osos hormigueros, ocelotes, jaguares, nutrias, murciélagos, cuerpo espines, zorros, venados y delfines, que pasan sus días entre; cedros, moriches, saladillos, caraños, yarumos, laureles, caimos, guaduas, guamos, alcornoques, chaparros, arepillos, palmiches y gualtes.

  14. Claves taxonómicas para el reconocimiento dentario en taxa del superorden Rajomorphii de Chile (Chondrichthyes, Batoidea Taxonomic dental keys for the Chilean taxa of the superorder Rajomorphii (Chondrichthyes, Batoidea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvia Sáez

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta claves taxonómicas basadas en características morfológicas dentarias externas e internas, que permiten el reconocimiento de cada orden, familia y género de los batoídeos conocidos en Chile. En algunos casos, como en las familias Rhinobatidae, Torpedinidae, Narcinidae, Myliobatidae, Mobulidae, Dasyatidae y Urotrygonidae, las claves permiten el reconocimiento específico pero, en otros casos, sólo se puede discriminar hasta género, dadas las limitaciones impuestas por los conocimientos existentes. Estas claves son una herramienta complementaria a la diagnosis de rayas y están orientadas al reconocimiento de fragmentos dentales, hallazgos paleontológicos de dientes así como para las piezas dentales asociadas con la mandíbula. De esta manera, se entrega un apoyo taxonómico nuevo con características dentales diferentes a las consideradas actualmente para este superorden.A series of keys with external and internal dental morphologic features for the identification of each order, family and genus of rays and skates of the batoids known in Chile, are presented. In the case of families Rhinobatidae, Torpedinidae, Narcinidae, Myliobatidae, Mobulidae, Dasyatidae and Urotrygonidae, an identification at the species level is possible. In other cases, due to limitations imposed by the existing knowledge, only discrimination up to genus is allowed. These keys are a complementary tool for the diagnosis of rays suitable for the identification of dental fragments, paleontological discoveries of teeth as well as for jaw teeth. This tool offers a novel taxonomic support, which includes dental features different from those considered nowadays for this superorder.

  15. River sedimentation and channel bed characteristics in northern Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demissie, Biadgilgn; Billi, Paolo; Frankl, Amaury; Haile, Mitiku; Lanckriet, Sil; Nyssen, Jan

    2016-04-01

    Excessive sedimentation and flood hazard are common in ephemeral streams which are characterized by flashy floods. The purposes of this study was to investigate the temporal variability of bio-climatic factors in controlling sediment supply to downstream channel reaches and the effect of bridges on local hydro-geomorphic conditions in causing the excess sedimentation and flood hazard in ephemeral rivers of the Raya graben (northern Ethiopia). Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) was analyzed for the study area using Landsat imageries of 1972, 1986, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2012). Middle term, 1993-2011, daily rainfall data of three meteorological stations, namely, Alamata, Korem and Maychew, were considered to analyse the temporal trends and to calculate the return time intervals of rainfall intensity in 24 hours for 2, 5, 10 and 20 years using the log-normal and the Gumbel extreme events method. Streambed gradient and bed material grain size were measured in 22 river reaches (at bridges and upstream). In the study catchments, the maximum NDVI values were recorded in the time interval from 2000 to 2010, i.e. the decade during which the study bridges experienced the most severe excess sedimentation problems. The time series analysis for a few rainfall parameters do not show any evidence of rainfall pattern accountable for an increase in sediment delivery from the headwaters nor for the generation of higher floods with larger bedload transport capacities. Stream bed gradient and bed material grain size data were measured in order to investigate the effect of the marked decrease in width from the wide upstream channels to the narrow recently constructed bridges. The study found the narrowing of the channels due to the bridges as the main cause of the thick sedimentation that has been clogging the study bridges and increasing the frequency of overbank flows during the last 15 years. Key terms: sedimentation, ephemeral streams, sediment size, bridge clogging

  16. Bioinoculants: A sustainable approach to maximize the yield of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata L.) under low input of chemical fertilizers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nosheen, Asia; Bano, Asghari; Ullah, Faizan

    2016-02-01

    This study aimed to find out the effect of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR; Azospirillum brasilense and Azotobacter vinelandii) either alone or in combination with different doses of nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers on growth, seed yield, and oil quality of Brassica carinata (L.) cv. Peela Raya. PGPR were applied as seed inoculation at 10(6) cells/mL(-1) so that the number of bacterial cells per seed was 2.6 × 10(5) cells/seed. The chemical fertilizers, namely, urea and diammonium phosphate (DAP) were applied in different doses (full dose (urea 160 kg ha(-1) + DAP 180 kg ha(-1)), half dose (urea 80 kg ha(-1) + DAP 90 kg ha(-1)), and quarter dose (urea 40 kg ha(-1) + DAP 45 kg ha(-1)). The chemical fertilizers at full and half dose significantly increased the chlorophyll, carotenoids, and protein content of leaves and the seed yield (in kilogram per hectare) but had no effect on the oil content of seed. The erucic acid (C22:1) content present in the seed was increased. Azospirillum performed better than Azotobacter and its effect was at par with full dose of chemical fertilizers (CFF) for pigments and protein content of leaves when inoculated in the presence of half dose of chemical fertilizers (SPH). The seed yield and seed size were greater. Supplementing Azospirillum with SPH assisted Azospirillum to augment the growth and yield, reduced the erucic acid (C22:1) and glucosinolates contents, and increased the unsaturation in seed oil. It is inferred that A. brasilense could be applied as an efficient bioinoculant for enhancing the growth, seed yield, and oil quality of Ethiopian mustard at low fertilizer costs and sustainable ways.

  17. The Role of Government in MSMEs:The Empowerment of MSMEs During the Free Trade Era in Indonesia

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    Dhian Kusumawardhani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available As the era of globalisation has progressed, the free-trade paradigm – in which the role of government in every aspect of economic development is minimised, replaced by the power of the free market – has inevitably spread across countries throughout the world. Despite the positive outcomes that can be obtained from the idea of free liberalisation in achieving economic growth and opportunities, this paper will propose that governments must continue to have a strong role in their countries’ economies, particularly in developing countries such as Indonesia. This argument is justified on the basis of the threat that free trade poses to some informal sectors called micro and small and medium enterprises (MSMEs, which have commonly shown low levels of competitiveness in the global market. Thus their very survival heavily depends on government involvement. The Indonesian government has launched many policies to help SMEs become and remain more competitive; for example, the Technology for Regions Program (Iptekda, which combines state support and a market-based approach for MSMEs’ empowerment. This paper conducts a case study of the Iptekda program for the empowerment of MSMEs in Malang Raya. The research will address two issues: why government intervention is still required for MSE capacity-building; and how the program may help MSMEs improve their capacity and competitiveness. To answer these questions, this paper will apply a qualitative approach that uses in-depth interview with the owners of five MSMEs. The results reveal that MSMEs benefit from the program in terms of improved productivity, marketing and insights into MSMEs as an economic sector. The research limitation is that it consists solely of qualitative findings; the findings need to be combined with quantitative data for more-reliable results. Replication of this study using larger samples and a broader geographic base is suggested for promoting programs to empower MSMEs in

  18. ANALISIS PENILAIAN PRESTASI KERJA PEGAWAI

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    Puspita Rokhmawati

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan analisis ini untuk mengetahui sistem, evaluasi dan perubahan penilaian prestasi kerja pegawai UPT Balai Konservasi Tumbuhan Kebun Raya Cibodas -LIPI. Pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian ini dilakukan secara acak dengan metode yang digunakan terdiri dari beberapa bagian, yaitu studi pustaka, studi lapangan dan metode analisis. Metode yang digunakan adalah Metode Analisis SWOT. Hasil analisis menunjukkan banyak kelemahan yang muncul daripada kekuatan yang dimiliki. Peluang dan ancaman yang ada pun tidak memotivasi dalam mengimplementasi ke sistem penilaian prestasi kerja. Oleh karena itu perlu upaya mengevaluasi dan mengubah sistem penilaian prestasi kerja pegawai. Pemberian umpan balik akan mendorong kearah kemajuan dan kemungkinan meningkatkan kualitas kerja pegawai. Maka penilaian harus dibuat seobjektif dan seteliti mungkin berdasarkan data yang tersedia.The purpose of this study is  to determine the system, the  evaluation and the assessment of employees’ job performance in UPT Botanical Gardens Plant Conservation Center Cibodas - LIPI. UPT Botanical Gardens Plant Conservation Center Cibodas - LIPI has not carry out  an optimal job performance assessment. There are indications that the condition relate to the presence of subjectivity in the assessment so depth analysis is needed to find out the solution. Sampling technique uses random sampling. SWOT analysis is used to analyze the data along with study of literature and field study. The result shows that more weaknesses reveale in job performance assessment system than strengths.Opportunities and treats are ignored in implementing the job performance assessment system. Evaluation and modification are needed to improve employees’ job quality.

  19. Protein adsorption on dopamine-melanin films: role of electrostatic interactions inferred from zeta-potential measurements versus chemisorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernsmann, Falk; Frisch, Benoît; Ringwald, Christian; Ball, Vincent

    2010-04-01

    We recently showed the possibility to build dopamine-melanin films of controlled thickness by successive immersions of a substrate in alkaline solutions of dopamine [F. Bernsmann, A. Ponche, C. Ringwald, J. Hemmerlé, J. Raya, B. Bechinger, J.-C. Voegel, P. Schaaf, V. Ball, J. Phys. Chem. C 113 (2009) 8234-8242]. In this work the structure and properties of such films are further explored. The zeta-potential of dopamine-melanin films is measured as a function of the total immersion time to build the film. It appears that the film bears a constant zeta-potential of (-39+/-3) mV after 12 immersion steps. These data are used to calculate the surface density of charged groups of the dopamine-melanin films at pH 8.5 that are mostly catechol or quinone imine chemical groups. Furthermore the zeta-potential is used to explain the adsorption of three model proteins (lysozyme, myoglobin, alpha-lactalbumin), which is monitored by quartz crystal microbalance. We come to the conclusion that protein adsorption on dopamine-melanin is not only determined by possible covalent binding between amino groups of the proteins and catechol groups of dopamine-melanin but that electrostatic interactions contribute to protein binding. Part of the adsorbed proteins can be desorbed by sodium dodecylsulfate solutions at the critical micellar concentration. The fraction of weakly bound proteins decreases with their isoelectric point. Additionally the number of available sites for covalent binding of amino groups on melanin grains is quantified.

  20. Chondrichthyans of the San Matías Gulf, Patagonia, Argentina Los condrictios del Golfo San Matías, Patagonia, Argentina

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    María R PERIER

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The San Matías Gulf (SMG; 41°- 42° S; 64°- 65° W is the largest gulf in Northern Patagonia, Argentina. Up to date, the chondrichthyan fauna of this area has not been reported. Therefore, the aim of this work is to provide a list with species presence and biological characteristics of the chondrichthyans recorded in SMG during the last 30 years. A total of 13 sharks distributed in 11 families, 19 skates and rays distributed in six families, and one holocephalan have been so far recorded in SMG. From the zoogeographical point of view, this chondrichthyan fauna is a mixed assemblage of species typically found in the Argentinean and Magellanean Provinces. The holocephalan Callorhinchus callorynchus is the most landed chondricthyan of the local fishery. With it, five sharks and seven skates are also exploited.El Golfo San Matías (SMG; 41°- 42° S - 64°-65° O se encuentra ubicado en el norte de la Patagonia, Argentina. Hasta la fecha no se cuentan con reportes de la fauna de condrictios de esta zona. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo es proporcionar una lista de la presencia y las características biológicas de los condrictios registrados en el SMG durante los últimos 30 años. Un total de 13 tiburones distribuidos en 11 familias, 19 batoideos distribuidos en seis familias y un holocefalo han sido reportados para la zona. Desde el punto de vista zoogeográfico, el SMG presenta un ensamble de especies pertenecientes a las Provincias Magallánica y Argentina. El holocefalo Callorhinchus callorynchus es el condrictio más desembarcado de la pesquería local. Con menor importancia son explotadas comercialmente, cinco especies de tiburones y siete de rayas.