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Sample records for aida aguirre raya

  1. AIDA: concerted calorimeter development

    CERN Multimedia

    Felix Sefkow

    2013-01-01

    AIDA – the EU-funded project bringing together more than 80 institutes worldwide – aims at developing new detector solutions for future accelerators. Among the highlights reported at AIDA’s recent annual meeting in Frascati was the completion of an impressive calorimeter test beam programme, conducted by the CALICE collaboration over the past two years at CERN’s PS and SPS beam lines.   The CALICE tungsten calorimeter prototype under test at CERN. This cubic-metre hadron calorimeter prototype has almost 500,000 individually read-out electronics channels – more than all the calorimeters of ATLAS and CMS put together. Calorimeter development in AIDA is mainly motivated by experiments at possible future electron-positron colliders, namely ILC or CLIC. The physics requirements of such future machines demand extremely high-performance calorimetry. This is best achieved using a finely segmented system that reconstructs events using the so-called pa...

  2. La politica della formazione dell'AIDA

    OpenAIRE

    Diozzi, Ferruccio

    2005-01-01

    Professional Training is one of the topics that AIDA Board are strongly implementing. In this field AIDA has enlarged his activities, according to the guide lines of the last years. Now, new perspectives are developing. This article describes the most relevant characters of AIDA training, his interaction with other actors of the Training System (Universities, Private Agencies), the AIDA "ad hoc" organization, some most relevant cases.

  3. LOPE DE AGUIRRE: LA CONSTRUCCIÓN DE UNA IMAGEN DEL PODER Lope de Aguirre: Constructing an image of power

    OpenAIRE

    Álvaro Baraibar

    2011-01-01

    El presente trabajo analiza la manera en que el bachiller Francisco Vázquez, uno de los marañones que participó en la jornada, construyó la imagen del poder de Lope de Aguirre en su Relación de todo lo que sucedió en la jornada de Amagua y Dorado. La figura de Lope de Aguirre resulta especialmente sugerente a la hora de acercarse a aspectos relacionados con los conceptos de autoridad y poder en Américade la segunda mitad del siglo XVI.The figure of Lope de Aguirre proves to be particularly su...

  4. The Lo Aguirre research reactor refurbishment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A description is given of the main work which had to be performed on the experimental reactor of the Lo Aguirre nuclear power plant (RECH-2), following which it recently came into operation. In particular, an outline is given of the main changes and improvements made with regard to reactor physics calculations, the systems and components in the facility, and repair of existing fuel elements. Special importance was attached to the definition, application and meeting of nuclear safety requirements and the implementation of a consistent quality assurance programme. Certain aspects of the work performed, by virtue of the scope and importance of the tasks involved, resulted in clear improvements to and modernization of the facility - for example, the construction of a new control room, the construction of a computerized radiation protection and surveillance control room, the reconstruction of the primary coolant circuit, the complete refitting of reactor instrumentation to incorporate a computerized data acquisition system, the redesign and construction of reactor water treatment plants, improvements in experimental devices and the design and construction of new experimental devices. The reactor, construction of which was resumed in 1986, attained criticality on 6 September 1989 using the HEU fuel available. We are now at the stage of characterizing the reactor by measuring process and nuclear parameters prior to commencing power operation

  5. Seismic analysis of the Aguirre Nuclear Reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis aims to verify the seismic design of the Aguirre Nuclear Reactor using the finite elements method and comparing the results with the original analysis. The study focused on the dynamic interaction of soil and structures, using the ANSYS program for the analysis, which was implemented for a work station under a UNIX platform belonging to the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission. The modeling of the structures was carried out following International Atomic Energy recommendations, those of the makers of the Swanson Analysis Systems program and the prior study by S y S Ingenieros Consultores. Two-dimensional models were developed with axial and symmetry and three-dimensional models with symmetric and asymmetric plans, where the retaining building, the pond block and the soil down to the basal rock were included. The seismic stresses were defined according to the Chilean Standard NCh433.of96, using the spectrum of design accelerations for type II soils for the structural models and type IV for the soil-structure interaction models.The results of interest for this study are: the compression and cutting tensions, the unitary cut distortions and the displacements, which are shown graphically and are compared between the different models and with the original analysis. A sensitivity analysis was prepared for the models with axial symmetry considering soil reaction coefficient values of 20, 10, 5, 2, 1 and 0.5 kp/cm3; and four screens with maximum sizes of 100, 50, 25 and 12.5 cm. The behavior of the stressed materials was studied as well as the result of the seismic stress (CS)

  6. Status of AIDA and JAS 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AIDA (Abstract Interfaces for Data Analysis) project [1] is relatively new. It was conceived during HepVis-99 workshop in Orsay (http://www.lal.in2p3.fr/HEPVis99). The goals of the AIDA project are to define abstract interfaces for common physics analysis objects, such as histograms, ntuples, fitters, IO etc. The adoption of these interfaces should make it easier for physicists to use different tools without having to learn new interfaces or change all of their code. Additional benefits will be interoperability of AIDA compliant applications (for example by making it possible for applications to exchange analysis objects via XML). Also by bringing together the authors of a number of different applications we expect to gain deeper insight into the strengths and weaknesses of different applications, and to improve collaboration between different authors. Currently AIDA is distributed with bindings for C++ and Java. Since AIDA defines only abstract interfaces, a concrete implementation is needed to use AIDA. The following tools are currently available with support for AIDA: Anaphe [2] and OpenScientist [3] are written in C++, JAIDA/JAS [4] [5] written in Java. JAIDA is a Java implementation of AIDA, it can be used as a stand-alone package or together with some analysis tool (like JAS). JAIDA is also distributed with AIDA-JNI package that allows any C++ program written using the C++ AIDA interfaces to be linked to any Java implementation of AIDA. This way C++ programs can take advantage of the multi-threaded, cross-platform graphical capabilities of Java, and of the JAIDA implementation of AIDA in particular

  7. LOPE DE AGUIRRE: LA CONSTRUCCIÓN DE UNA IMAGEN DEL PODER Lope de Aguirre: Constructing an image of power

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Baraibar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza la manera en que el bachiller Francisco Vázquez, uno de los marañones que participó en la jornada, construyó la imagen del poder de Lope de Aguirre en su Relación de todo lo que sucedió en la jornada de Amagua y Dorado. La figura de Lope de Aguirre resulta especialmente sugerente a la hora de acercarse a aspectos relacionados con los conceptos de autoridad y poder en Américade la segunda mitad del siglo XVI.The figure of Lope de Aguirre proves to be particularly suggestive when considering the aspects related to concepts of authority and power in America during the second half of the 16th century. With the present work, we pretend to analyze the way of constructing the image of power in Relación de todo lo que sucedió en la jornada de Amaga y Dorado of Lope de Aguirre, one of the marañones that took part in the journey. This text is a principle source of what occurred in the expedition. The characterization of the personalities illustrates the ideas concerning authority and power that the author and the protagonists of the journey had in mind.

  8. La obra literaria de José Luis Aguirre

    OpenAIRE

    Ayora del Olmo, Amparo

    2003-01-01

    Esta tesis se propone el estudio de la obra del escritor José Luis Aguirre.Con tal propósito, se tiene en cuenta su trayectoria biográfica y literaria, la evolución de la narrativa española desde mediados de los 50, época en la que el autor inició su carrera literaria, hasta la actualidad, tratando de relacionarlo con la generación del medio siglo y señalando su conexión con el ambiente cultural valenciano de postguerra. A continuación, analizamos su obra: novelas, teatro, guiones para tel...

  9. The ASDEX integrated data analysis system AIDA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since about two years, the ASDEX integrated data analysis system (AIDA), which combines the database (DABA) and the statistical analysis system (SAS), is successfully in operation. Besides a considerable, but meaningful, reduction of the 'raw' shot data, it offers the advantage of carefully selected and precisely defined datasets, which are easily accessible for informative tabular data overviews (DABA), and multi-shot analysis (SAS). Even rather complicated, statistical analyses can be performed efficiently within this system. In this report, we want to summarise AIDA's main features, give some details on its set-up and on the physical models which have been used for the derivation of the processed data. We also give short introduction how to use DABA and SAS. (orig.)

  10. Novel roles for the AIDA adhesin from diarrheagenic Escherichia coli:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sherlock, Orla; Schembri, Mark; Reisner, A.;

    2004-01-01

    Diarrhea-causing Escherichia coli strains are responsible for numerous cases of gastrointestinal disease and constitute a serious health problem throughout the world. The ability to recognize and attach to host intestinal surfaces is an essential step in the pathogenesis of such strains. AIDA is a...... potent bacterial adhesin associated with some diarrheagenic E. coli strains. AIDA mediates bacterial attachment to a broad variety of human and other mammalian cells. It is a surface-displayed autotransporter protein and belongs to the selected group of bacterial glycoproteins; only the glycosylated form...... binds to mammalian cells. Here, we show that AIDA possesses self-association characteristics and can mediate autoaggregation of E. coli cells. We demonstrate that intercellular AIDA-AIDA interaction is responsible for bacterial autoaggregation. Interestingly, AIDA-expressing cells can interact with...

  11. AIDA Asia. Artificial Insemination Database Application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objectives of AIDA (Artificial Insemination Database Application) and its companion GAIDA (Guide to AI Data Analysis) are to address two major problems in on-farm research on livestock production. The first is the quality of the data collected and the second is the intellectual rigor of the analyses and their associated results when statistically testing causal hypotheses. The solution is to develop a data management system such as AIDA and an analysis system such as GAIDA to estimate parameters that explain biological mechanisms for on-farm application. The system uses epidemiological study designs in the uncontrolled research environment of the farm, uses a database manager (Microsoft Access) to handle data management issues encountered in preparing data for analysis, and then uses a statistical program (SYSTAT) to do preliminary analyses. These analyses enable the researcher to have better understanding of the biological mechanisms involved in the data contained within the AIDA database. Using GAIDA as a guide, this preliminary analysis helps to determine the strategy for further in-depth analyse

  12. Usage of the www.2aida.org AIDA diabetes software Website: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Eldon D

    2003-01-01

    AIDA is a diabetes-computing program freely available from www.2aida.org on the Web. The software is intended to serve as an educational support tool, and can be used by anyone who has an interest in diabetes, whether they be patients, relatives, health-care professionals, or students. In previous "Diabetes Information Technology & WebWatch" columns various indicators of usage of the AIDA program have been reviewed, and various comments from users of the software have been documented. One aspect of AIDA, though, that has been of considerable interest has been to investigate its Web-based distribution as a wider paradigm for more general medically related usage of the Internet. In this respect we have been keen to understand in general terms: (1) why people are turning to the Web for health-care/diabetes information; (2) more specifically, what sort of people are making use of the AIDA software; and (3) what benefits they feel might accrue from using the program. To answer these types of questions we have been conducting a series of audits/surveys via the AIDA Website, and via the software program itself, to learn as much as possible about who the AIDA end users really are. The rationale for this work is that, in this way, it should be possible to improve the program as well as tailor future versions of the software to the interests and needs of its users. However, a recurring observation is that data collection is easiest if it is as unobtrusive and innocuous as possible. One aspect of learning as much as possible about diabetes Website visitors and users may be to apply techniques that do not necessitate any visitor or user interaction. There are various programs that can monitor what pages visitors are viewing at a site. As these programs do not require visitors to do anything special, over time some interesting insights into Website usage may be obtained. For the current study we have reviewed anonymous logstats data, which are automatically collected at many

  13. Kohderyhmän määritteleminen ja tavoittamisen kanavat : Case: Raya Divers

    OpenAIRE

    Pöllänen, Kati

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö toteutettiin toimeksiantona suomalaiselle sukelluskeskukselle Raya Diversille. Yritys toimii Etelä-Thaimaassa viidessä eri kohteessa. Opinnäytetyö keskittyy Raya Yain kohteeseen. Työn tarkoitus oli löytää uusi kansainvälinen asiakasryhmä ja tutkia kanavia sen tavoittamiseksi. Raya Di-versin tavoitteena on kasvattaa asiakasmäärää ja myyntituloja Raya Yain saarella. Kootuista tiedoista tehdään Raya Diversille kehittämisehdotukset markkinoinnin tueksi. Opinnäytetyössä perehdytää...

  14. Lope de Aguirre: la construcción de una imagen del poder

    OpenAIRE

    Baraibar, Á. (Álvaro)

    2011-01-01

    El presente trabajo analiza la manera en que el bachiller Francisco Vázquez, uno de los marañones que participó en la jornada, construyó la imagen del poder de Lope de Aguirre en su Relación de todo lo que sucedió en la jornada de Amagua y Dorado. La figura de Lope de Aguirre resulta especialmente sugerente a la hora de acercarse a aspectos relacionados con los conceptos de autoridad y poder en la América de la segunda mitad del siglo XVI.

  15. Tres publicaciones recientes sobre Lope de Aguirre: Galster, Aguilar y Córdoba, y Balkan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Páramo Bonilla

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Ingrid Galster. Aguirre o la posteridad arbitraria. Bogotá: Universidad del Rosario-Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, 2011. Traducción de Oscar Sola. 844 páginas.Diego de Aguilar y Córdoba. El Marañón [1578]. Madrid-Frankfurt: Universidad de Navarra-Iberoamericana-Vervuert, 2011. 423 páginas.Evan L. Balkan. The Wrath of God: Lope de Aguirre, Revolutionary of the Americas Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2011. 225 páginas.

  16. AIDA: the Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincent, Jean-Baptiste

    2016-07-01

    The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission is a joint cooperation between European and US space agencies that consists of two separate and independent spacecraft that will be launched to a binary asteroid system, the near-Earth asteroid Didymos, to assess the possibility of deflecting an asteroid trajectory by using a kinetic impactor. The European Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is under Phase A/B1 study at ESA from March 2015 until summer 2016. AIM is set to rendez-vous with the asteroid system a few months prior to the impact by the US Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft to fully characterize the smaller of the two binary components. AIM is a unique mission as it will be the first time that a spacecraft will investigate the surface, subsurface, and internal properties of a small binary near Earth asteroid. In addition it will perform various important technology demonstrations that can serve other space missions: AIM will release a set of CubeSats in deep space and a lander on the surface of the smaller asteroid and for the first time, deep-space inter-satellite linking will be demonstrated between the main spacecraft, the CubeSats, and the lander, and data will also be transmitted from interplanetary space to Earth by a laser communication system. The knowledge obtained by this mission will have great implications for our understanding of the history of the Solar System. Small asteroids are believed to result from collisions and other processes (e.g., spinup, shaking) that made them what they are now. Having direct information on their surface and internal properties will allow us to understand how these processes work and transform these small bodies as well as, for this particular case, how a binary system forms. So far, our understanding of the collisional process and the validation of numerical simulations of the impact process rely on impact experiments at laboratory scales. With DART, thanks to the characterization of the

  17. AIDA – pushing the boundaries of European particle detector research

    CERN Multimedia

    Naomi Gilraen Wyles

    2011-01-01

    AIDA (Advanced European Infrastructures for Detectors at Accelerators), a new project co-funded by the European Union and worth a total of 26 million euros, will be officially launched at CERN next week. The kick-off meeting will take place on 16-18 February, during which Europe-wide detector physicists will come together to begin work on detector infrastructure developments for future particle physics experiments.   Coordinated by CERN, AIDA involves more than 80 institutes and laboratories from 23 countries as beneficiaries or associate partners (the full list can be found here). This four-year project will receive 8 million euros from the European Commission's FP7 Research Infrastructures programme. AIDA will develop facilities covering the four main goals identified by the European Strategy for Particle Physics. These are the LHC upgrade, Linear Colliders, Neutrino facilities and Super-B factories. These facilities will also be available for other researchers in the fields of nuclear and par...

  18. PENGEMBANGAN KOLEKSI TUMBUHAN KEBUN RAYA DAERAH DALAM KERANGKA STRATEGI KONSERVASI TUMBUHAN DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danang Wahyu Purnomo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Sebagai bagian dari kebun raya dunia, Kebun Raya Indonesia (KRI memiliki tanggung jawab untuk melaksanakan upaya konservasi tumbuhan yang ada di Indonesia. Hingga tahun 2010, empat kebun raya yang dikelola oleh LIPI hanya mampu mengkonservasi sekitar 21% dari seluruh tumbuhan terancam Indonesia. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan pengembangan Kebun Raya Daerah (KRD untuk mengkonservasi tumbuhan pada tiap daerah di Indonesia. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk untuk mengetahui capaian KRD dalam konservasi tumbuhan dan menentukan strategi pengelolaan koleksi tumbuhan tiap daerah. Pada akhir 2012, KRI yang didukung KRD telah berhasil mengoleksi 24% dari tumbuhan terancam Indonesia versi IUCN Red List 2013, dan berhasil membudidayakan 25% termasuk koleksi pembibitan. Beberapa strategi untuk pengembangan koleksi KRD antara lain: penguatan sistem data base koleksi; pengembangan koleksi tumbuhan di setiap KRD dengan mengacu pada IUCN Red List; dan penentuan spesies prioritas untuk konservasi terkait dengan kebijakan dan kondisi alam di Indonesia.Kata kunci: koleksi, kebun raya daerah, IUCN Red List

  19. Relectura desde una crítica feminista de Isidora Aguirre: dramaturga chilena perenne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara deI Carmen Rojo de la Rosa

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute as características apresentadas na escrita de Isidora Aguirre, a dramaturga mais constante e perene do teatro chileno. Partindo de sua enunciação analisam-se os códigos semióticos de seus textos, as metodologias escolhidas e o sujeito genérico de sua fala. Estuda-se sua dramaturgia observando as causas da sua sobrevida aos contextos e regimes diferentes, produzida no interior de um sistema literário patriarcal que sistemáticamente estabeleceu o cânon através da apropriação masculina da palavra.

  20. New AIDA-2020 call for breakthrough detector technologies

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Physicists, engineers, and industry will be interested in a new proof-of-concept fund for breakthrough projects from the general field of detector development and testing.   Launched in the framework of the European project AIDA-2020, this open call will provide up to 200k€ of seed funding to support innovative and societal applications with a focus on industry-oriented applications. The deadline for applying is 20 October 2016. More information here.

  1. TELAAH ARSITEKTUR BERLANGGAM CHINA DI JALAN PEJAGALAN RAYA NOMOR 62 JAKARTA BARAT

    OpenAIRE

    Naniek Widayati

    2004-01-01

    This report is the result of a preliminary study of a building with Chinese style architecture at no. 62 Jl. Pejagalan Raya West Jakarta. The study did not only deal with the history of the building but also concerned the labeling, measuring, documentation and assessment of its various elements. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Laporan ini merupakan hasil studi awal pendataan lahan pada bangunan berlanggam arsitektur China di jalan Pejagalan Raya nomor 62 Jakarta Barat yang mencakup pekerjaan p...

  2. Uji Kualitas Mikrobiologis Minuman Teh Poci yang Dijual Pedagang Kaki Lima di Pasar Raya Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Genta Pradana

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Minuman Teh Poci merupakan produk minuman yang berkembang pesat dan banyak dijual oleh pedagang kaki lima di Padang terutama di Pasar Raya kota Padang. Penjualan Teh Poci oleh pedagang kaki lima di Pasar Raya tidak mengikuti sistem franchise yang mempunyai standar kebersihan penyajian menyebabkan proses pembuatan Teh Pociyang  dijual di Pasar Raya tidak terjamin kebersihan penyajianya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menguji kualitas mikrobiologis  minuman Teh Poci yang dijual pedagang kaki lima di Pasar Raya Padang. Minuman yang diperiksa adalah minuman Teh Poci yang dijual di sepanjang jalan Pasar Raya dengan mengambil 13 sampel. Penelitian dilakukan dari bulan November 2011- September 2012 dengan menggunakan metode Most Probable Number (MPN yang terdiri dari tes penduga dan tes konfirmasi. Dari 13 sampel minuman yang diperiksa seluruh sampel tersebutmengandung bakteri Coliform. Faktor-faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi adalah kebersihan penjual minuman dalam menutup kemasan minuman, kurangnya higiene perseorangan, lokasi penjualan di tengah pasar, es batu yang tidak bersih, dan alat-alat yang digunakan. Kesimpulan penelitian ini ialah minuman Teh Poci yang dijual di Pasar Raya Padang tidak memenuhi standar kualitas mikrobiologis air minum yang sudah ditetapkan pada Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan tahun No. 492 tahun 2010.Kata kunci: pedagang kaki lima, teh Poci, higieneAbstract Teh Poci has become popular nowadays. There is a significant movement of Teh Poci street sellers in Padang especially in Pasar Raya Padang. Teh Poci street sellers in Pasar Raya do not buy the franchise system which has the appropriate standard for food serving. The Teh Poci stands are also located in the middle of traditional market which cause the serving to the society do not fulfill the sanitary standard.One of the indicators of water contamination is by measuring the amount of the coliform bacteria presents in water.  The objective of this study was to do

  3. A Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout for the AIDA Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Tra Mi; Lange, Caroline; Grimm, Christian; Thimo Grundmann, Jan; Rößler, Johannes; Schröder, Silvio; Skoczylas, Thomas; Ziach, Christian; Biele, Jens; Cozzoni, Barbara; Krause, Christian; Küchemann, Oliver; Maibaum, Michael; Ulamec, Stephan; Lange, Michael; Mierheim, Olaf; Maier, Maximilian; Herique, Alain; Mascot Study Team

    2016-04-01

    The Asteroid Impact Deflection, AIDA, mission is composed of a kinetic impactor, DART and an observer, the Asteroid Impact Monitor, AIM, carrying among other payload a surface package, MASCOT2 (MSC2). Its proposed concept is based on the MASCOT lander onboard the HAYABUSA2 Mission (JAXA) to near-Earth asteroid (162173) Ryugu. MASCOT is a compact platform ('shoe box size') carrying a suite of 4 scientific instruments and has a landed mass of ~10kg. Equipped with a mobility mechanism, the MASCOT lander is able to upright and relocate on the targeted asteroid; thus providing in-situ data at more than one site. In the context of the AIDA Mission, the MASCOT2 lander would be carried by the AIM spacecraft and delivered onto Didymoon, the secondary object in the (65803) Didymos binary near-Earth asteroid system. Since the mission objectives of the AIM mission within the joint AIDA mission concept differ from JAXA's sample return mission HAYABUSA2, several design changes need to be studied and implemented. To support one of the prime objectives of the AIM mission, the characterization of the bulk physical properties of Didymoon, the main scientific payload of MSC2 is a low-frequency radar (LFR) to investigate the internal structure of the asteroid moon. Since the total science payload on MASCOT2 is limited to approximately 2.3 kg, the mass remaining for a suite of other experiments is in the range of 0.1 to 0.5 kg per instrument. Further requirements have a significant impact on the MSC2 design which will be presented. Among these are the much longer required operational lifetime than for MASCOT on HAYABUSA2, and different conditions on the target body such as an extremely low gravity due to its small size of Ø_[Didymoon] ~ 150m.

  4. Verdi’s Aida across the Mediterranean (and beyond)

    OpenAIRE

    Guarracino, Serena

    2010-01-01

    This essay considers Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Aida and the context of its production and reception on both sides of the Mediterranean Sea. It starts from Edward Said’s insightful discussion in Culture and Imperialism describing Verdi’s work as pivotal to an understanding of both cultural and economic relationships between Europe and Egypt. Yet, this essay also counterpoints Said’s reading, taking into consideration Aida’s role in the construction of both an Italian and “European” cultural ident...

  5. AIDA Asia. Artificial Insemination Database Application. User manual. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Artificial Insemination Database Application (AIDA-Asia) is a computer application to store and analyze information from AI Services (farms, females, inseminated, semen, estrus characteristics, inseminator and pregnancy diagnosis data). The need for such an application arose during a consultancy undertaken by the author for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA, Vienna) under the framework of its Regional Co-operative Agreement for Asia and the Pacific (RCA) which is implementing a project on 'Improving Animal Productivity and Reproductive Efficiency' (RAS/5/035). The detailed specifications for the application were determined through a Task Force Meeting of National Consultants from five RCA Member States, organized by the IAEA and held in Sri Lanka in April 2001. The application has been developed in MS Access 2000 and Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) 6.0. However, it can run as a stand-alone application through its own executable files. It is based on screen forms for data entry or editing of information and command buttons. The structure of the data, the design of the application and VBA codes cannot be seen and cannot be modified by users. However, the designated administrator of AIDA-Asia in each country can customize it

  6. AIDA-1 Moves out of the Postsynaptic Density Core under Excitatory Conditions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayse Dosemeci

    Full Text Available AIDA-1 is highly enriched in postsynaptic density (PSD fractions and is considered a major component of the PSD complex. In the present study, immunogold electron microscopy was applied to determine localization as well as the activity-induced redistribution of AIDA-1 at the PSD using two antibodies that recognize two different epitopes. In cultured rat hippocampal neurons under basal conditions, immunogold label for AIDA-1 is mostly located within the dense core of the PSD, with a median distance of ~30 nm from the postsynaptic membrane. Under excitatory conditions, such as depolarization with high K+ (90 mM, 2 min or application of NMDA (50 μM, 2 min, AIDA-1 label density at the PSD core is reduced to 40% of controls and the median distance of label from the postsynaptic membrane increases to ~55 nm. The effect of excitatory conditions on the postsynaptic distribution of AIDA-1 is reversed within 30 minutes after returning to control conditions. The reversible removal of AIDA-1 from the PSD core under excitatory conditions is similar to the redistribution of another abundant PSD protein, SynGAP. Both SynGAP-alpha1 and AIDA-1 are known to bind PSD-95. Activity-induced transient translocation of these abundant proteins from the PSD core could promote structural flexibility, vacate sites on PSD-95 for the insertion of other components and thus may create a window for synaptic modification.

  7. TELAAH ARSITEKTUR BERLANGGAM CHINA DI JALAN PEJAGALAN RAYA NOMOR 62 JAKARTA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naniek Widayati

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This report is the result of a preliminary study of a building with Chinese style architecture at no. 62 Jl. Pejagalan Raya West Jakarta. The study did not only deal with the history of the building but also concerned the labeling, measuring, documentation and assessment of its various elements. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Laporan ini merupakan hasil studi awal pendataan lahan pada bangunan berlanggam arsitektur China di jalan Pejagalan Raya nomor 62 Jakarta Barat yang mencakup pekerjaan penelusuran sejarah bangunan, pelabelan, pengukuran, pendokumentasian dan memberikan penilaian terhadap setiap elemen yang ada. Kata Kunci : Bangunan berlanggam arsitektur China, Batavia (Jakarta.

  8. An EUDET/AIDA Pixel Beam Telescope for Detector Development

    CERN Document Server

    Rubinskiy, I

    2015-01-01

    Ahigh resolution(σ< 2 μm) beam telescope based on monolithic active pixel sensors (MAPS) was developed within the EUDET collaboration. EUDET was a coordinated detector R&D programme for the future International Linear Collider providing test beam infrastructure to detector R&D groups. The telescope consists of six sensor planes with a pixel pitch of either 18.4 μm or 10 μmand canbe operated insidea solenoidal magnetic fieldofupto1.2T.Ageneral purpose cooling, positioning, data acquisition (DAQ) and offine data analysis tools are available for the users. The excellent resolution, readout rate andDAQintegration capabilities made the telescopea primary beam tests tool also for several CERN based experiments. In this report the performance of the final telescope is presented. The plans for an even more flexible telescope with three differentpixel technologies(ATLASPixel, Mimosa,Timepix) withinthenew European detector infrastructure project AIDA are presented.

  9. Aida-CMK multi-algorithm optimization kernel applied to analog IC sizing

    CERN Document Server

    Lourenço, Ricardo; Horta, Nuno

    2015-01-01

    This work addresses the research and development of an innovative optimization kernel applied to analog integrated circuit (IC) design. Particularly, this works describes the modifications inside the AIDA Framework, an electronic design automation framework fully developed by at the Integrated Circuits Group-LX of the Instituto de Telecomunicações, Lisbon. It focusses on AIDA-CMK, by enhancing AIDA-C, which is the circuit optimizer component of AIDA, with a new multi-objective multi-constraint optimization module that constructs a base for multiple algorithm implementations. The proposed solution implements three approaches to multi-objective multi-constraint optimization, namely, an evolutionary approach with NSGAII, a swarm intelligence approach with MOPSO and stochastic hill climbing approach with MOSA. Moreover, the implemented structure allows the easy hybridization between kernels transforming the previous simple NSGAII optimization module into a more evolved and versatile module supporting multiple s...

  10. Pärimusmuusika aidas läheb suuremaks peoks / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Kontsertidest Viljandi pärimusmuusika aidas (6. sept. ansambel Paabel, Kulno Malva ja DJ Harlet, 13. sept. Anu Taul, 16. sept. Fernando Stern & Ethno in TRansit, 19. sept. Rütmiallikal + maailmamuusikapidu DJ Daysleeperiga)

  11. Aida and Her Mainstream Classroom: A Case Study of a Young English Language Learner's Literacy Development

    OpenAIRE

    Bambang Yudi Cahyono

    2003-01-01

    This article reports a nine-month study of literacy development of Aida, a young English language learner from Indonesia, who was mainstreamed in a Grade 2 classroom in a primary school in the south-eastern part of Australia. This article initially reviews the literature concerning features of the mainstream classroom conducive for second language learning and for literacy development. Following the presentation of methodological issues, it examines English learning activities in Aida's class...

  12. An EUDET/AIDA Pixel Beam Telescope for Detector Development

    CERN Document Server

    Rubinskiy, I

    2015-01-01

    A high resolution (σ∼2μm) beam telescope based on monolithic active pixel sensors (MAPS) was developed within the EUDET collaboration. The telescope consists of six monolithic active pixel sensor planes (Mimosa26) with a pixel pitch of 18.4 \\mu m and thinned down to 50 \\mu m. The excellent resolution, readout rate and DAQ integration capabilities made the telescope a primary test beam tool for many groups including several CERN based experiments. Within the European detector infrastructure project AIDA the test beam telescope is being further extended in terms of cooling and powering infrastructure, read-out speed, area of acceptance, and precision. In order to provide a system optimized for the different requirements by the user community a combination of various state-of-the-art pixel technologies is foreseen. Furthermore, new central dead-time-free trigger logic unit (TLU) has been developed to provide LHC-speed response with one-trigger-per-particle operating mode and a synchronous clock for all conn...

  13. CaMKII-mediated displacement of AIDA-1 out of the postsynaptic density core.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dosemeci, Ayse; Toy, Dana; Burch, Amelia; Bayer, K Ulrich; Tao-Cheng, Jung-Hwa

    2016-09-01

    Ankyrin repeat and sterile alpha motif domain-containing protein 1B (ANKS1B, also known as AIDA-1) is a major component of the postsynaptic density (PSD) in excitatory neurons where it concentrates at the electron-dense core under basal conditions and moves out during activity. This study investigates the molecular mechanism underlying activity-induced displacement of AIDA-1. Experiments with PSD fractions from brain indicate phosphorylation of AIDA-1 upon activation of endogenous CaMKII. Immuno-electron microscopy studies show that treatment of hippocampal neurons with NMDA results in an ~ 30 nm shift in the median distance of the AIDA-1 label from the postsynaptic membrane, an effect that is blocked by the CaMKII inhibitor tatCN21. CaMKII-mediated redistribution of AIDA-1 is similar to that observed for SynGAP. CaMKII-mediated removal of two abundant PSD-95-binding proteins from the PSD core during activity is expected to initiate a molecular reorganization at the PSD. PMID:27477489

  14. POTENSI UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN WISATA “BIRDWATCHING” DI PUSAT KONSERVASI TUMBUHAN KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gytha Nafisah Sukara

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pusat Konservasi Tumbuhan Kebun Raya Bogor - Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (PKT KRB – LIPI adalah tujuan wisata favorit dengan pengunjung lebih dari 800,000 orang setiap tahunnya. Kebun Raya yang memiliki keragaman tumbuhan koleksi dengan lanskap paripurna, menjadi habitat ideal beranekaragam jenis burung. Untuk mengetahui potensinya bagi pengembangan wisata birdwatching di PKT KRB - LIPI, dilakukan penelitian melalui studi literatur, pengamatan langsung dan wawancara antara bulan Mei dan Juli 2013. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tercatat 48 jenis dari 23 suku burung yang dapat ditemukan pada lokasi tersebut. Sebanyak 26 jenis dari 18 suku burung dapat selalu dijumpai dari penelitian sebelumnya hingga saat ini, ada 10 jenis yang belum pernah dilaporkan sebelumnya dan ada sembilan jenis yang tersebar merata di 12 lingkungan di PKT KRB - LIPI. Setidaknya ada 25 jenis potensial untuk wisata birdwatching berdasarkan minat pengunjung terhadap jenis burung tertentu, status konservasi, endemisitas, dan keberadaan burung dari waktu ke waktu.

  15. IMPLEMENTASI TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE DI DEPARTEMEN NON JAHIT PT. KERTA RAJASA RAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald E. Stok

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The effectivity improvement of production facility in factory is not only on facility manitenance but also on human resources. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM gives an optimal solution to effectivity improvement. A case study of TPM implementation have done in non sewing department of PT Kerta Rajasa Raya. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Peningkatan efektivitas dari fasilitas produksi di suatu perusahaan bukan hanya terbatas pada perawatan fasilitas kerja saja tetapi juga sumber daya manusia. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM memberikan suatu solusi optimal terhadap peningkatan efektivitas dengan melibatkan semua sumber daya manusia yang bertanggung jawab terhadap fasilitas produksi. Suatu studi kasus terhadap pengimplementasian TPM dilakukan di departemen non jahit PT. Kerta Rajasa Raya. Kata kunci : TPM, MTTF, Autonomous Maintenance.

  16. Aida and Her Mainstream Classroom: A Case Study of a Young English Language Learner's Literacy Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Yudi Cahyono

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reports a nine-month study of literacy development of Aida, a young English language learner from Indonesia, who was mainstreamed in a Grade 2 classroom in a primary school in the south-eastern part of Australia. This article initially reviews the literature concerning features of the mainstream classroom conducive for second language learning and for literacy development. Following the presentation of methodological issues, it examines English learning activities in Aida's classroom and highlights her literacy development with examples of her work. The results from this study show that Aida developed literacy skills considered important for her second language and learning development. The variety of English learning activities and the encouraging environment in her classroom contributed much to her literacy development.

  17. Carlos Aguirre Bastos y Roland R. Rebois, "Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación: conceptos y prácticas" [book review

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Vázquez, José María

    1995-01-01

    Este artículo reseña: Aguirre Bastos, Carlos y Roland R. Rebois. Ciencia, tecnología e innovación: conceptos y prácticas. Sucre (Bolivia), Proyecto de Monitoreo de Nuevas Tecnologías, Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, Comisión Europea, 1994

  18. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    OpenAIRE

    W.Wilopo; R.Resili; D.P.E. Putra

    2013-01-01

    There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our dat...

  19. Analisis Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Dan Budaya Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada PT. Mopoli Raya Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Jamaluddin, N.

    2011-01-01

    PT. Mopoli Raya Medan is a national private company engaged in oil palm and rubber plantations. As an effort in order to maintain and develop its business, the company is expected to manage human resources well. Human resource management is right to support the achievement of the vision, mission and strategic goals of the company. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate and analyze the influence of leadership, and organizational culture on employee performance in PT. Mopoli Ray...

  20. Forest Structure and Spesies Compotition in Taman Raya Bukit Soeharto, East Kalimantan

    OpenAIRE

    H R Syaukani; Cecep Kusmana; Hadi S Alikodra; Dudung Darusman; Kooswardhono Mudikdjo

    2012-01-01

    The species composition and forest structure of Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Soeharto - East Kalimantan were investigated using transect method through systematic sampling with random start design. During data collection,5 transects of 20 m width and  1 km length of each in Wanariset Semboja forest complex and 10 transects in Pusrehut UNMUL and Protection Forest areas were established. The study shows that species richness of trees in those three forest complexes are relatively similar, however, ...

  1. Solution structure and peptide binding of the PTB domain from the AIDA1 postsynaptic signaling scaffolding protein.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina Smirnova

    Full Text Available AIDA1 links persistent chemical signaling events occurring at the neuronal synapse with global changes in gene expression. Consistent with its role as a scaffolding protein, AIDA1 is composed of several protein-protein interaction domains. Here we report the NMR structure of the carboxy terminally located phosphotyrosine binding domain (PTB that is common to all AIDA1 splice variants. A comprehensive survey of peptides identified a consensus sequence around an NxxY motif that is shared by a number of related neuronal signaling proteins. Using peptide arrays and fluorescence based assays, we determined that the AIDA1 PTB domain binds amyloid protein precursor (APP in a similar manner to the X11/Mint PTB domain, albeit at reduced affinity (∼10 µM that may allow AIDA1 to effectively sample APP, as well as other protein partners in a variety of cellular contexts.

  2. Forest Structure and Spesies Compotition in Taman Raya Bukit Soeharto, East Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H R Syaukani

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 The species composition and forest structure of Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Soeharto - East Kalimantan were investigated using transect method through systematic sampling with random start design. During data collection,5 transects of 20 m width and  1 km length of each in Wanariset Semboja forest complex and 10 transects in Pusrehut UNMUL and Protection Forest areas were established. The study shows that species richness of trees in those three forest complexes are relatively similar, however, the regeneration stage in Pusrehut UNMUL forest complex is relatively higher than those in another two areas.  Medang (Litsea firma,  Acacia (Acacia sp., and Mahang (Macaranga gigantea are dominant tree species in Wanariset Semboja, Pusrehut UNMUL and Protection Forest areas, respectively.  Mahang (M. gigantea as pioneer species is also commonly dominated forest regeneration in Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Soeharto.   Based on tree’s  diameter distribution, those forests show balanced uneven-aged forests in which the large amount of trees are concentrated in the height class of 10 to 29 m.  Species diversity of those forests are relatively high (H > 2.5 either for seedling, sapling, pole or tree growth stages, however, those forests show different plant communities (IS Keywords: species composition, forest structure, species diversity, forest communities, balanced uneven-aged forest, Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Soeharto Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

  3. Doctor Alfredo Méndez Aguirre. Renowned doctor of Cienfuegos medical history in the twentieth century Doctor Alfredo Méndez Aguirre. Gloria de la medicina cienfueguera en el siglo XX.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Darío Espinosa Brito

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Doctor Alfredo Méndez Aguirre was an outstanding medical and social personality in Cienfuegos during the first third of the xx century. The most significant aspects about his life and studies of Medicine are highlighted, as well as the postgraduate courses that he received later in France. Analyzed through different scenarios where he acted as an eminent surgeon, we refer to his contribution to the spreading of abdominal, prostatic and gynecological surgery in Cienfuegos, besides other innovations of high importance for the Cuban Medicine at that time. It is described his brilliant performance as director of the Hospital Civil and the Sanatorio Purísima Concepción de la Colonia Española, enhancing all the transformations, improvements, amplifications and openings of new services carried out in both centers under his guidance and supervision. all the recognitions received for different institutions and people in general were mentioned too, for his fruitful work and, particularly, for their performance during the epidemic of Influenza of 1918, that deserved him the title of exemplary citizen.El Dr. Alfredo Méndez Aguirre representó una destacada personalidad médica y social en Cienfuegos en el primer tercio del siglo XX. Se señalan los aspectos más significativos de sus estudios de Medicina en la Universidad de La Habana, así como los cursos de perfeccionamiento que recibió en Francia posteriormente a su graduación. Se analiza su vida profesional a través de los distintos escenarios en donde se desempeñó como cirujano eminente, siendo el que inició en Cienfuegos la Cirugía abdominal, prostática y ginecológica, entre otros aportes e innovaciones de suma importancia para la medicina cienfueguera de aquellos años. Se describe su brillante actuación como Director del Hospital Civil y del Sanatorio Purísima Concepción de la Colonia Española, resaltando todas las transformaciones, mejoras, ampliaciones y aperturas de nuevos

  4. La Victoria de Pedro Aguirre Cerda: ideas para una renovación urbana sin gentrificación para Santiago./ La Victoria of Pedro Aguirre Cerda: ideas for an urban renewal without gentrification in Santiago.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto López

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El modelo de renovación urbana en altura de Santiago, en expansión hacia áreas populares del pericentro, es una forma de acumulación de renta de suelo, con efectos de desplazamiento social, es decir, gentrificación. Sin embargo, el pericentro de Santiago es un espacio donde coexisten amplias necesidades y capacidades de densificación urbana sin desplazamiento. Tomando como caso de estudio el desarrollo urbano histórico y actual de la población La Victoria, en Pedro Aguirre Cerda (PAC, se plantea una investigación enfocada en dos perspectivas: histórica, definiendo este espacio desde la dialéctica entre movimientos sociales urbanos y producción espacial específica; y normativa, como una propuesta espacial que combina aspectos claves de mejoramiento barrial y densificación inclusiva y autosustentable. Se evidencia de esta forma la alta complejidad espacial del pericentro de Santiago de Chile, así como la existencia de alternativas de renovación residencial pericentral que sean social y políticamente inclusivas y de bajo impacto en términos de expulsión./ The model of high-rise urban renewal sprawls towards Santiago de Chile’s inner city. This model can be understood as a form of gentrification based on considerable accumulation of the rent gap, while its externalities generate social displacement and physical dilapidation. Notwithstanding, Santiago’s inner city is also a lived space where both needs and capacities of urban regeneration (without displacement coexist. Focusing on the case of La Victoria población, located in the southern municipality of Pedro Aguirre Cerda (PAC, this article seeks to address the following two topics: historically, the inner city responds to a dialectic of urban social movements and specific spatial production; normatively, as an ongoing research project shows, it is feasible to combine neighbourhood regeneration, urban density increase, and citizen participation. The article substantiates the

  5. Peranan Sistem Akuntansi dalam Mendukung Pengendalian Intern Atas Gaji dan Upah pada PT. Mopoli Raya

    OpenAIRE

    Mauliza, Febria

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this study is to know how to apply the accounting system of compensation (wage and salary) at PT. Mopoli Raya and know whether the accounting system applied by the company can assist the management of internal control of wage and salary. The research is descriptive research which is explain about the characteristic and the real condition of the research object. The data of this research is divided in to two kinds, primary and secondary data. The data was collected by using obse...

  6. Ilmainen markkinointi verkkoyhteisöissä : case: Aida-yhtyeen EP-levy

    OpenAIRE

    Kyttänen, Iina

    2009-01-01

    Työn tarkoituksena oli tutkia internetin ilmaisten verkkoyhteisöjen markkinointimahdollisuuksia, kun markkinoitavana tuotteena toimi omakustanteena tuotettu EP-levy. Työ toteutettiin toiminnallisena tutkimuksena, joka sisälsi markkinointikampanjan toteutuksen sekä tuotti samalla hyödyllistä tietoa verkkoyhteisömarkkinoinnista. Tutkimuksen toiminnallisena tavoitteena oli markkinoida vielä suurelle yleisölle tuntemattoman Aida-yhtyeen omakustanne-EP-levyä mahdollisimman tehokkaasti vain ilmaisi...

  7. Morfologia externa do adulto de Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Arsenurinae, Almeidaiini. III. Abdome External morphology of Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Arsenurinae, Almeidaiini. III. Abdome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amabílio J. A. de Camargo

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available A morfologia externa do abdome do adulto de Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande, 1981 é descrita e ilustrada pela primeira vez. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados com outras espécies de Saturniidae. É uma espécie rara e endêmica da região do Cerrado. Estudos sobre sua biologia foram publicados pelo quarto autor. Esta é a terceira contribuição sobre a morfologia da espécie tendo sido as anteriores sobre a cabeça e o tórax.The external morphology of adult abdome of Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande, 1981 is described and illustrated for the first time. The results obtained were compared with others species of Saturniidae. This species is rare and endemic of the Cerrado region. Biological studies were published by the fourth author. This is the third of a series of papers about the species, the previous two were about head and thorax morphology.

  8. Incorporating a Generic Model of Subcutaneous Insulin Absorption into the AIDA v4 Diabetes Simulator 3. Early Plasma Insulin Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Eldon D.; Tarín, Cristina; Bondia, Jorge; Teufel, Edgar; Deutsch, Tibor

    2009-01-01

    Introduction AIDA is an interactive educational diabetes simulator that has been available without charge via the Internet for over 12 years. Recent articles have described the incorporation of a novel generic model of insulin absorption into AIDA as a way of enhancing its capabilities. The basic model components to be integrated have been overviewed, with the aim being to provide simulations of regimens utilizing insulin analogues, as well as insulin doses greater than 40 IU (the current upper limit within the latest release of AIDA [v4.3a]). Some preliminary calculated insulin absorption results have also recently been described. Methods This article presents the first simulated plasma insulin profiles from the integration of the generic subcutaneous insulin absorption model, and the currently implemented model in AIDA for insulin disposition. Insulin absorption has been described by the physiologically based model of Tarín and colleagues. A single compartment modeling approach has been used to specify how absorbed insulin is distributed in, and eliminated from, the human body. To enable a numerical solution of the absorption model, a spherical subcutaneous depot for the injected insulin dose has been assumed and spatially discretized into shell compartments with homogeneous concentrations, having as its center the injection site. The number of these compartments will depend on the dose and type of insulin. Insulin inflow arises as the sum of contributions to the different shells. For this report the first bench testing of plasma insulin determinations has been done. Results Simulated plasma insulin profiles are provided for currently available insulin preparations, including a rapidly acting insulin analogue (e.g., lispro/Humalog or aspart/Novolog), a short-acting (regular) insulin preparation (e.g., Actrapid), intermediate-acting insulins (both Semilente and neutral protamine Hagedorn types), and a very long-acting insulin analogue (e.g., glargine/Lantus), as

  9. Morfología del sistema digestivo de la raya mariposa Gymnura micrura (Batoidea: Gymnuridae).

    OpenAIRE

    Kobelkowsky, Abraham

    2013-01-01

    Con el objeto de conocer la organización morfológica del sistema digestivo de la raya mariposa Gymnura micrura, se colectaron 23 ejemplares con red de arrastre en lagunas costeras y el litoral del estado de Veracruz en el golfo de México. Las muestras se fijaron en formaldehído y se conservaron en alcohol etílico. En el laboratorio, se realizó el análisis anatómico de los componentes del tracto digestivo y de sus glándulas anexas. Así mismo se llevó a cabo la comparación con especies represen...

  10. Study on mange mite of camel in Raya-Azebo district, northern Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awol, Nesibu; Kiros, Semere; Tsegaye, Yisehak; Ali, Mohammed; Hadush, Birhanu

    2014-01-01

    A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence and species of camel mange mite infestation in Raya-Azebo district, Northern part of Ethiopia. Accordingly, Three hundred and eighty-four camels were examined and mange mite infestation was detected on 64 of camels. Only Sarcoptes scabiei var. cameli was identified as the only mite species in all skin scraping samples collected from the suspected mange mite lesions. There was significant difference in the prevalence of mange mite infestation between male and female camels (p 0.05). The result indicated that camel mange mite infestation was a problem in northern part of Ethiopia, hence, further studies and strategic control measures are recommended to reduce the effect of mange mite infestation on camel husbandry. PMID:25568694

  11. Identifikasi dan Penentuan Kadar Boraks dalam Lontong yang Dijual di Pasar Raya Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizki Amelia

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKeamanan makanan merupakan salah satu masalah yang harus mendapatkan perhatian terutama di negara berkembang seperti Indonesia, karena bisa berdampak buruk terhadap kesehatan. Penyebabnya adalah masih rendahnya pengetahuan, keterampilan, dan tanggung jawab produsen pangan terhadap mutu dan keamanan makanan terutama pada industri kecil atau industri rumah tangga. Hal ini menyebabkan produsen sering menambahkan bahan kimia ke dalam produk makanan, salah satunya boraks. Konsumsi boraks dapat menyebabkan mual, muntah, kanker bahkan kematian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan identifikasi dan penentuan kadar boraks pada lontong yang dijual di Pasar Raya Padang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif yang dilakukan di Laboratorium FMIPA Universitas Andalas Padang dari bulan Januari sampai bulan Desember 2013. Identifikasi dan penentuan kadar boraks dilakukan terhadap 10 sampel lontong yang diambil secara random. Metoda yang digunakan adalah metoda titrasi dan menggunakan larutan standar NaOH. Hasil penelitian yang dilakukan terhadap 10 sampel, didapatkan tidak ada satupun sampel lontong yang mengandung boraks.Kata kunci: boraks, lontong, titrasiAbstractThe food safety is one of problems that should get attention, especially in developing countries like Indonesia, because it can gives a negative impact for health. The cause is lack of knowledge, skill, and responsibility for the quality and safety of food, especially in small industries or home industry. It causes producers often add chemicals to food products, one of which borax. Consumption of borax can cause nausea, vomiting, cancer and even death. This research was to identify and determination of borax in lontong which sold at Pasar Raya Padang. This was a descriptive study at The Chemistry Laboratory, Andalas University Padang from January to December 2013. The identification and determination of borax on 10 samples of lontong taken by random. The method used is titration

  12. Agustín Aguirre López y Manuel García Morente: la arquitectura de un ideal universitario.

    OpenAIRE

    González Cárceles, Juan Antonio; López-Ríos, Santiago

    2008-01-01

    El domingo 15 de enero de 1933 el Presidente de la República, Niceto Alcalá Zamora, en compañía del Jefe de Gobierno, Manuel Azaña, cuatro ministros y numerosas autoridades, inauguraba el nuevo pabellón de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras en la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid. Este edificio racionalista de Agustín Aguirre acogía una Facultad de grandes intelectuales que, liderada por Manuel García Morente, Decano ejemplar, acometía profundas reformas para colocarse a la vanguardia de la...

  13. La Minotaura, the Female Minotaur: Aida Toledo’s Version of the Classical Myth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    San Pedro, Teresa Anta

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The poetry of the Guatemalan poet Aida Toledo, from its beginning, breaks away from the masculine and feminine images created and recreated through centuries by the owner of words and power, man. Toledo, as a consequence of her reflections on gender, questions, changes and pulverizes certain qualities considered to be unique and essential in defining each of the sexes. The poet starts with the Greek myths, as she considerers them to be the sacred pillars in building the Western Culture. Aida Toledo, not satisfied with using the sword of extermination against the eternal masculine and feminine values, uses the ashes from that fire as fertilizer to sprout new life, a life that time and space will shape into new beings, new male and female Minotaur.La poesía de la escritora guatemalteca Aída Toledo, desde sus inicios, rompe con las imágenes masculinas y femeninas creadas y recreadas a través de los siglos, por el dueño de la palabra y el poder, el hombre. Toledo, como consecuencia de sus reflexiones de género, cuestiona, pulveriza y cambia ciertas cualidades y mitos considerados únicos y esenciales en la definición de cada uno de los sexos. La poeta empieza con los mitos griegos, por considerarlos sagrados pilares sobre los cuales se construye la cultura occidental. Aida Toledo no se conforma con empuñar la espada de la exterminación contra los eternos valores masculinos y femeninos. Usa las cenizas de dicho fuego como abono para hacer brotar nueva vida, una vida a la que el tiempo y el espacio irán creando y moldeando nuevos seres. Es así como nace su Minotaura, la protagonista femenina que estaba ausente en el mito clásico.

  14. Analisis Hujan Pada Hutan Pinus di Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Barisan Tongkoh Kabupaten Karo Berdasarkan Model Keseimbangan Air

    OpenAIRE

    Pardede, Riauli Anggriani

    2015-01-01

    Analysis of rainfall in pine forest in Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Barisan Tongkoh Kabupaten Karo based on modeling of water balance, supervised by Sumono and Nazif Ichwan. Modeling of water balance is stacked to predict soil moisture storage. The balance is the appropriate both of the coming rainfall and the going water from pine forest. Modeling of water balance consists of rainfall, throughfall, stemflow, intercepsi, actual evapotranspiration, and run off. The result of research for 16 we...

  15. Dynamics of ejecta from the binary asteroid Didymos, the target of the AIDA mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Patrick; Yu, Yang; Schwartz, Stephen; Naidu, Shantanu; Benner, Lance

    2016-04-01

    The AIDA space mission, a collaborative effort between ESA and NASA, aims to characterize the near-Earth asteroid binary (65803) Didymos and to perform a kinetic impactor demonstration on the small moon of the binary system. Our study presents a multi-scale dynamical model of the ejecta cloud produced by a hypervelocity impact, which enables us to compute the ejecta properties at different spatial and time scales. This model is applied to the impact into the small moon of Didymos on October 2022 as considered by the AIDA mission. We model the process by including as much practical information as possible, e.g., the gravitational environment influenced by the non-spherical shapes of the bodies (based on the observed shape of the primary), the solar tides, and the solar radiation pressure. Our simulations show where and for how long the ejecta cloud evolves with time for the considered ejecta initial conditions. This information is used to assess the potential hazard to the ESA Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) observing spacecraft and to determine the safest positions. This study is performed with support of the European Space Agency and in the framework of the NEOShield-2 project that has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No 640351.

  16. Implementation of configurable FEI4 trigger plane for the AIDA telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Obermann, T; Hügging, F; Krüger, H; Lütticke, F; Marinas, C; Wermes, N

    2014-01-01

    Tracking detectors in particle physics experiments allow a precise reconstruction of particle tracks close to the interaction point and the identification of primary and secondary decay vertices. In order to evaluate the performance of detector prototypes for future particle physics experiments — at hadron colliders (e.g. HL-LHC), flavour factories (e.g. SuperKEKB) or a future lepton collider (e.g. ILC) — under realistic conditions, a fast readout reference device, a telescope, with excellent resolution and modular configuration, is required. The successful development of a telescope with these characteristics was part of the EU-project EUDET, which is continued within the framework of the AIDA activity. One key addition to the telescope within AIDA is the implementation of at least one new reference plane dedicated to provide an adjustable geometry. This plane is realized with a hybrid pixel detector consisting of a sensor bump bonded to the ATLAS pixel readout chip FE-I4. Its masking capability allows t...

  17. PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP KEBERADAAN SIGNAGE (Studi Kasus Jalan Tjilik Riwut di Kota Palangka Raya, Kalimantan Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Nopemberi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan signage disatu sisi tidak terlepas dari peran masyarakat sebagai objek konsumsi, selain itu juga seringkali penempatan signage tersebut merambah kawasan ruang publik perkotaan (public space. Dalam perkembangannya, Kota Palangka Raya sudah menggunakan signage di samping menciptakan karakter tertentu pada lingkungan, pemasangan signage juga memberikan masalah tersendiri. Konflik juga terjadi karena adanya perbedaan kepentingan antara public environmental information dan private sign. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana persepsi masyarakat dari publik maupun penyedia jasa reklame serta mengetahui peran pemerintah dalam pengaturan signage. Untuk menganalisis persepsi masyarakat metode yang digunakan menggunakan metode kuantitatif rasionalistik. Metode tersebut dilakukan melalui kegiatan wawancara yang mendalam (In depth interview. Hasil Analisis menunjukan bahwa terdapat pengaruh keberadaan signage terhadap persepsi masyarkat pada koridor Jalan Tjilik Riwut. Hasil dari analisa peta mental diketahui bahwa keberadaan signage pada Jalan Tjilik Riwut ini timbul akibat persaingan antar penyedia barang dan jasa tanpa lagi memperhatikan keindahan dan keefektifan dari signage tersebut, serta tidak adanya peraturan pemerintah dalam menata jenis signage dan pemerintah Kota Palangka Raya tidak mempunyai master plan/grand design. Maka pemasangan signage belum memenuhi kriteria keindahan dan keefektifan Kota Palangka Raya sehingga mengakibatkan kekaburan informasi yang disampaikan serta signage di Jalan Tjilik Riwut.[Public Perception of the Existence of Signage (Case Study: Tjilik Riwut Road in Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan] The presence of signage is inseparable from the role of the society of consumers. The placement of signage often penetrates urban public areas (public spaces. During its development, Palangkaraya has been using signage that creates a particular character on the environment. However, the installation of

  18. Understanding the Hydrogeology of Raya Valley Basin, Northern Ethopia Using Stablee Isotopes of Water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Raya valley is located in the northern part of Ethiopia. The study area is connected to the Ethiopian rift system and bounded by the Ethiopian plateau to the west and Cherecher Mountain to the east. The study area is characterized by its semiarid climate. In order to investigate isotopic characteristics of different water bodies and groundwater recharge, water samples were collected in the summer rainy season and analysed for stable isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen by a laser based liquid water isotope analyser. Most of the groundwater samples are plotted just below the LMWL, which indicates that the origin is meteoric water and affected by secondary evaporation. There are highly depleted water samples in the eastern side of the study area, which could be attributed to the existence of palaeowater. Groundwater is mainly recharged by rain water and intermittent rivers. Open water bodies (the lake Ashenge and Gerjale swamp area) show enrichment due to high rate of evaporation. Isotopically the flood water in the highland aarea is depleted as a result of high rate of rainfall, high humidity and low rate of evaporation. (author)

  19. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment

  20. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment.

  1. Hubungan Pemberian Mp-Asi Dini Dengan Kejadian Penyakit Infeksi Pada Bayi 0-6 Bulan Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sindar Raya Kecamatan Raya Kahean Kabupaten Simalungun Tahun 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Dewi Sri Nauli

    2013-01-01

    Infancy is a critical period in human life. Infants of age 0-6 months can grow optimally by using breast milk for the first six months. However, in reality, before six months many babies have been given complementary breastfeeding. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship of early complementary breastfeeding with the infection incidence of infants 0-6 months in working area of Sindar Raya Health Center. This type of research was the descriptive study with cross-sectional...

  2. Tiburones y rayas (subclase elasmobranchi) descartado por la flota de arrastre camaronero en el caribe de colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Acevedo, K.; Bohórquez-Herrera, J.; Moreno, F.; Moreno, C; Molina, E.; Grijalba-Bendeck, M.; Gómez-Canchong, P.

    2011-01-01

    Con el fin de obtener una aproximación a la estructura del ensamblaje de peces cartilaginosos extraídos por la flota de arrastre camaronero en la costa norte de Colombia, se evaluó la composición y abundancia de tiburones y rayas descartados en dos sectores del Caribe colombiano, entre agosto y noviembre de 2004. Mensualmente se analizaron lances de la flota de arrastre camaronero al interior de cada sector (norte: La Virgen y Portete; sur: Barú, cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo,...

  3. Usulan Perancangan Fasilitas Kerja Untuk Mereduksi Level Risiko Musculoskeletas Disorders (MsDs) Pada Bagian Pengepakan Pakaian di CV. Raya Sport

    OpenAIRE

    Khadafi

    2013-01-01

    CV. Raya Sport merupakan usaha kecil dan menengah yang bergerak di bidang konveksi, khususnya membuat pakaian olahraga, baik untuk kalangan sekolah (TK, SD, SLTP dan SLTA), maupun kalangan instansi (pemerintah dan swasta). Proses produksi konveksi ini meliputi pemotongan pola, penjahitan, peyetingan film, pembuatan film, penyablonan, penyeterikaan dan bagian pengepakan. Secara pengamatan langsung terlihat bahwasannya terdapat faktor penyebab terjadinya keluhan Musculoskeletal Disorders (MsDs)...

  4. APORTES A LA BIOLOGÍA DE TIBURONES Y RAYAS DEMERSALES EN LA REGIÓN NORTE DEL CARIBE COLOMBIANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acevedo Kelly

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio es una contribución al conocimiento biológico de los peces cartilaginosos en la región norte del Caribe colombiano. Los ejemplares examinados se capturaron con una red demersal, se determinó su peso, longitud total y estado de madurez sexual. Adicionalmente se realizó la ubicación espacial de las capturas y la relación con las variables ambientales. Se capturaron un total de 21 individuos, colectando tres especies de rayas, Dasyatis americana, D. guttata y Rhinobatos percellens, dos de tiburones Mustelus minicanis y Rhizoprionodon porosus, la más común fue D. guttata con 56%, las tallas (longitud total fluctuaron entre los 1.760 - 394 mm en rayas y 595 - 585 mm en tiburones. Se obtuvieron más hembras que machos para todas las especies, con predominio de estados inmaduros y en maduración, solo se registró una hembra grávida deM. Minicanis con dos embriones.

  5. ASPECT spectral imaging satellite proposal to AIDA/AIM CubeSat payload

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohout, Tomas; Näsilä, Antti; Tikka, Tuomas; Penttilä, Antti; Muinonen, Karri; Kestilä, Antti; Granvik, Mikael; Kallio, Esa

    2016-04-01

    ASPECT (Asteroid Spectral Imaging Mission) is a part of AIDA/AIM project and aims to study the composition of the Didymos binary asteroid and the effects of space weathering and shock metamorphism in order to gain understanding of the formation and evolution of the Solar System. The joint ESA/NASA AIDA (Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment) mission to binary asteroid Didymos consists of AIM (Asteroid Impact Mission, ESA) and DART (Double Asteroid Redirection Test, NASA). DART is targeted to impact Didymos secondary component (Didymoon) and serve as a kinetic impactor to demonstrate deflection of potentially hazardous asteroids. AIM will serve as an observational spacecraft to evaluate the effects of the impact and resulting changes in the Didymos dynamic parameters. The AIM mission will also carry two CubeSat miniaturized satellites, released in Didymoon proximity. This arrangement opens up a possibility for secondary scientific experiments. ASPECT is one of the proposed CubeSat payloads. Whereas Didymos is a space-weathered binary asteroid, the DART impactor is expected to produce a crater and excavate fresh material from the secondary component (Didymoon). Spectral comparison of the mature surface to the freshly exposed material will allow to directly deter-mine space weathering effects. It will be also possible to study spectral shock effects within the impact crater. ASPECT will also demonstrate for the first time the joint spacecraft - CubeSat operations in asteroid proximity and miniature spectral imager operation in deep-space environment. Science objectives: 1. Study of the surface composition of the Didymos system. 2. Photometric observations (and modeling) under varying phase angle and distance. 3. Study of space weathering effects on asteroids (comparison of mature / freshly exposed material). 4. Study of shock effects (spectral properties of crater interior). 5. Observations during the DART impact. Engineering objectives: 1. Demonstration of Cube

  6. Computer-Assisted Classification Patterns in Autoimmune Diagnostics: The AIDA Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benammar Elgaaied, Amel; Cascio, Donato; Bruno, Salvatore; Ciaccio, Maria Cristina; Cipolla, Marco; Fauci, Alessandro; Morgante, Rossella; Taormina, Vincenzo; Gorgi, Yousr; Marrakchi Triki, Raja; Ben Ahmed, Melika; Louzir, Hechmi; Yalaoui, Sadok; Imene, Sfar; Issaoui, Yassine; Abidi, Ahmed; Ammar, Myriam; Bedhiafi, Walid; Ben Fraj, Oussama; Bouhaha, Rym; Hamdi, Khouloud; Soumaya, Koudhi; Neili, Bilel; Asma, Gati; Lucchese, Mariano; Catanzaro, Maria; Barbara, Vincenza; Brusca, Ignazio; Fregapane, Maria; Amato, Gaetano; Friscia, Giuseppe; Neila, Trai; Turkia, Souayeh; Youssra, Haouami; Rekik, Raja; Bouokez, Hayet; Vasile Simone, Maria; Fauci, Francesco; Raso, Giuseppe

    2016-01-01

    Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are significant biomarkers in the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases in humans, done by mean of Indirect ImmunoFluorescence (IIF) method, and performed by analyzing patterns and fluorescence intensity. This paper introduces the AIDA Project (autoimmunity: diagnosis assisted by computer) developed in the framework of an Italy-Tunisia cross-border cooperation and its preliminary results. A database of interpreted IIF images is being collected through the exchange of images and double reporting and a Gold Standard database, containing around 1000 double reported images, has been settled. The Gold Standard database is used for optimization of a CAD (Computer Aided Detection) solution and for the assessment of its added value, in order to be applied along with an Immunologist as a second Reader in detection of autoantibodies. This CAD system is able to identify on IIF images the fluorescence intensity and the fluorescence pattern. Preliminary results show that CAD, used as second Reader, appeared to perform better than Junior Immunologists and hence may significantly improve their efficacy; compared with two Junior Immunologists, the CAD system showed higher Intensity Accuracy (85,5% versus 66,0% and 66,0%), higher Patterns Accuracy (79,3% versus 48,0% and 66,2%), and higher Mean Class Accuracy (79,4% versus 56,7% and 64.2%). PMID:27042658

  7. Computer-Assisted Classification Patterns in Autoimmune Diagnostics: The AIDA Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amel Benammar Elgaaied

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs are significant biomarkers in the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases in humans, done by mean of Indirect ImmunoFluorescence (IIF method, and performed by analyzing patterns and fluorescence intensity. This paper introduces the AIDA Project (autoimmunity: diagnosis assisted by computer developed in the framework of an Italy-Tunisia cross-border cooperation and its preliminary results. A database of interpreted IIF images is being collected through the exchange of images and double reporting and a Gold Standard database, containing around 1000 double reported images, has been settled. The Gold Standard database is used for optimization of a CAD (Computer Aided Detection solution and for the assessment of its added value, in order to be applied along with an Immunologist as a second Reader in detection of autoantibodies. This CAD system is able to identify on IIF images the fluorescence intensity and the fluorescence pattern. Preliminary results show that CAD, used as second Reader, appeared to perform better than Junior Immunologists and hence may significantly improve their efficacy; compared with two Junior Immunologists, the CAD system showed higher Intensity Accuracy (85,5% versus 66,0% and 66,0%, higher Patterns Accuracy (79,3% versus 48,0% and 66,2%, and higher Mean Class Accuracy (79,4% versus 56,7% and 64.2%.

  8. Experimental investigation of homogeneous freezing of sulphuric acid particles in the aerosol chamber AIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Möhler

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available The homogeneous freezing of supercooled H2SO4/H2O solution droplets was investigated in the aerosol chamber AIDA (Aerosol Interactions and Dynamics in the Atmosphere of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. 24 freezing experiments were performed at temperatures between 194 and 235 K with aerosol particles in the diameter range 0.05 to 1 µm. Individual experiments started at homogeneous temperatures and ice saturation ratios between 0.85 and 0.95. Cloud cooling rates up to -2.8 K/min were simulated dynamically in the chamber by expansion cooling using a mechanical pump. Depending on the cooling rate and starting temperature, freezing threshold relative humidities were exceeded after expansion time periods between about 1 and 10 min. The onset of ice formation was measured with three independent methods showing good agreement among each other. Ice saturation ratios measured at the onset of ice formation increased from about 1.4 at 231 K to about 1.75 at 189 K. The experimental data set including thermodynamic parameters as well as physical and chemical aerosol analysis provides a good basis for microphysical model applications.

  9. Evaluasi Penerapan Internal Control dan Pelaksanaan Good Corporate Governance pada PT PLN (Persero Distribusi Jakarta Raya dan Tangerang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iswandi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available PT. PLN (Persero Distribusi Jakarta Raya dan Tangerang have implemented Internal Control and Good Corporate Governance. The research would like to evaluate the implementation of Internal Control accordance with COSOs criteria (Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and KNKGs criteria (Komite Nasional Kebijakan Governance. Based on research found that five components of COSO such as control environment, risk assessment, control activities, information and communication, monitoring have been implemented but unfortunately one of the component such as control activities not yet implemented properly accordance with COSOs criteria. The company also have been imlemented GCG accordance with KNKGs criteria but still need development through internalization GCGs spirit among the employees because some employees still have different perception related to GCG. For example from employee stand point theres no problem receive special gift or receive special payment from customer and have a conflict of interest when deal with public accountant.

  10. Primer registro de la raya manzana, Paratrygon aiereba (Müller & Henle, 1841 (Batoidea: Potamotrygonidae para el río Bita, Orinoquía, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis A Muñoz-Osorio

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available La raya manzana Paratrygon aiereba ha sido confirmada en Colombia para la cuenca del Orinoco en los ríos Meta, Inírida, Tomo, Orinoco y bajo río Arauca. Este estudio la reporta por primera vez para el río Bita, a partir de una hembra grávida capturada en marzo de 2009, incrementando con ello el rango conocido de su distribución en Colombia.

  11. Informe final. Investigación Evaluación de Stock y CTP Raya Volantín VIII X regiones.

    OpenAIRE

    Wiff Onetto, R.A.; Quiroz Espinosa, J.C.

    2007-01-01

    Se diagnostica el estado del recurso raya volantín en el área de estudio, efectuando evaluaciones indirectas de stock y considerando el análisis integrado de indicadores biológico-pesqueros-ambientales y evaluaciones de stock, definiendo los niveles de explotación biológicamente sustentables, en base a indicadores y puntos biológicos de referencia definidos para el efecto, considerando evaluaciones de riesgo e incertidumbre

  12. Primer registro de la raya manzana, Paratrygon aiereba (Müller & Henle, 1841) (Batoidea: Potamotrygonidae) para el río Bita, Orinoquía, Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Luis A Muñoz-Osorio; Mejía-Falla, Paola A.

    2013-01-01

    La raya manzana Paratrygon aiereba ha sido confirmada en Colombia para la cuenca del Orinoco en los ríos Meta, Inírida, Tomo, Orinoco y bajo río Arauca. Este estudio la reporta por primera vez para el río Bita, a partir de una hembra grávida capturada en marzo de 2009, incrementando con ello el rango conocido de su distribución en Colombia.

  13. Pengaruh Independensi, Profesionalisme, Pengalaman Kerja, Gaya Kepemimpinan Auditor Internal Terhadap Efektivitas Sistem Pengendalian Internal Dengan Motivasi Sebagai Variabel Moderating (Studi Kasus Pada PT. Mopoli Raya Medan)

    OpenAIRE

    Ananda, Rana Fathinah

    2016-01-01

    This research is aimed to analyze the influence of independence, professionalism, working experience, leadership style of internal auditor toeffectiveness of internal control systemthrough motivation as moderating variable (case study on PT. Mopoli Raya Medan). There are six variables used in this research, namely independence, professionalism, working experience, leadership style as the independent variable, effectiveness of internal control system as the dependent variable and motivation as...

  14. Dynamics of ejecta from a binary asteroid impact in the framework of the AIDA mission: a NEOShield-2 contribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Y.; Schwartz, S. R.; Michel, P.; Benner, L. A. M.

    2015-10-01

    The dynamics of the ejecta cloud that results from a binary asteroid impact is one of the tasks of the NEOShield-2 project, funded by the European Commission in its program Horizon 2020. Results from such an investigation will have great relevance to the Phase-A study of the AIDA space mission, a collaborative effort between ESA and NASA, which aims to perform a kinetic impactor demonstration. Our study presents a multi-scale dynamical model of the ejecta cloud produced by a hypervelocity impact, which enables us to check the behaviors of the ejecta at different spatial and time scales. This model is applied to the impact into the small moon of the binary Near- Earth asteroid (65803) Didymos on October 2022 as considered by the AIDA mission. We attempt to model the process by including as much practical information as possible, e.g., the gravitational environment influenced by the non-spherical shapes of the bodies based on observed shape of the primary), the solar tides, and the solar radiation pressure. Our simulations show the general patterns of motion of the ejecta cloud, which we use to assess the potential hazard to an observing spacecraft. We also look into the grain-scale dynamics of the ejecta during this process, which has influence on the re-accumulation of particles orbiting in the vicinity.

  15. Blood Glucose Prediction Using Artificial Neural Networks Trained with the AIDA Diabetes Simulator: A Proof-of-Concept Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavin Robertson

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes mellitus is a major, and increasing, global problem. However, it has been shown that, through good management of blood glucose levels (BGLs, the associated and costly complications can be reduced significantly. In this pilot study, Elman recurrent artificial neural networks (ANNs were used to make BGL predictions based on a history of BGLs, meal intake, and insulin injections. Twenty-eight datasets (from a single case scenario were compiled from the freeware mathematical diabetes simulator, AIDA. It was found that the most accurate predictions were made during the nocturnal period of the 24 hour daily cycle. The accuracy of the nocturnal predictions was measured as the root mean square error over five test days (RMSE5 day not used during ANN training. For BGL predictions of up to 1 hour a RMSE5 day of (±SD 0.15±0.04 mmol/L was observed. For BGL predictions up to 10 hours, a RMSE5  day of (±SD 0.14±0.16 mmol/L was observed. Future research will investigate a wider range of AIDA case scenarios, real-patient data, and data relating to other factors influencing BGLs. ANN paradigms based on real-time recurrent learning will also be explored to accommodate dynamic physiology in diabetes.

  16. Technical Note: A numerical test-bed for detailed ice nucleation studies in the AIDA cloud simulation chamber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. J. Cotton

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The AIDA (Aerosol Interactions and Dynamics in the Atmosphere aerosol and cloud chamber of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe can be used to test the ice forming ability of aerosols. The AIDA chamber is extensively instrumented including pressure, temperature and humidity sensors, and optical particle counters. Expansion cooling using mechanical pumps leads to ice supersaturation conditions and possible ice formation. In order to describe the evolving chamber conditions during an expansion, a parcel model was modified to account for diabatic heat and moisture interactions with the chamber walls. Model results are shown for a series of expansions where the initial chamber temperature ranged from −20°C to −60°C and which used desert dust as ice forming nuclei. During each expansion, the initial formation of ice particles was clearly observed. For the colder expansions there were two clear ice nucleation episodes. In order to test the ability of the model to represent the changing chamber conditions and to give confidence in the observations of chamber temperature and humidity, and ice particle concentration and mean size, ice particles were simply added as a function of time so as to reproduce the observations of ice crystal concentration. The time interval and chamber conditions over which ice nucleation occurs is therefore accurately known, and enables the model to be used as a test bed for different representations of ice formation.

  17. Science case for the Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM): A component of the Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Patrick; Cheng, A.; Küppers, M.; Pravec, P.; Blum, J.; Delbo, M.; Green, S. F.; Rosenblatt, P.; Tsiganis, K.; Vincent, J. B.; Biele, J.; Ciarletti, V.; Hérique, A.; Ulamec, S.; Carnelli, I.; Galvez, A.; Benner, L.; Naidu, S. P.; Barnouin, O. S.; Richardson, D. C.; Rivkin, A.; Scheirich, P.; Moskovitz, N.; Thirouin, A.; Schwartz, S. R.; Campo Bagatin, A.; Yu, Y.

    2016-06-01

    The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission is a joint cooperation between European and US space agencies that consists of two separate and independent spacecraft that will be launched to a binary asteroid system, the near-Earth asteroid Didymos, to test the kinetic impactor technique to deflect an asteroid. The European Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is set to rendezvous with the asteroid system to fully characterize the smaller of the two binary components a few months prior to the impact by the US Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft. AIM is a unique mission as it will be the first time that a spacecraft will investigate the surface, subsurface, and internal properties of a small binary near-Earth asteroid. In addition it will perform various important technology demonstrations that can serve other space missions. The knowledge obtained by this mission will have great implications for our understanding of the history of the Solar System. Having direct information on the surface and internal properties of small asteroids will allow us to understand how the various processes they undergo work and transform these small bodies as well as, for this particular case, how a binary system forms. Making these measurements from up close and comparing them with ground-based data from telescopes will also allow us to calibrate remote observations and improve our data interpretation of other systems. With DART, thanks to the characterization of the target by AIM, the mission will be the first fully documented impact experiment at asteroid scale, which will include the characterization of the target's properties and the outcome of the impact. AIDA will thus offer a great opportunity to test and refine our understanding and models at the actual scale of an asteroid, and to check whether the current extrapolations of material strength from laboratory-scale targets to the scale of AIDA's target are valid. Moreover, it will offer a first check of the

  18. Anatomía comparada del sistema digestivo de las rayas Urotrygon chilensis y Dasyatis sabina (Myliobatiformes) Comparative anatomy of the digestive system of the skates, Urotrygon chilensis and Dasyatis sabina (Myliobatiformes)

    OpenAIRE

    ABRAHAM KOBELKOWSKY

    2010-01-01

    La organización general del sistema digestivo de la raya pinta Urotrygon chilensis y la raya de espina Dasyatis sabina corresponde al patrón morfológico general de los Myliobatiformes. La dentición de estas especies muestra un dimorfismo sexual, consistente en dientes planos en las hembras y dientes puntiagudos en los machos. Entre los músculos mandibulares, el adductor mandibulae es el más complejo. Las cavidades bucofaríngea y visceral son aplanadas dorsoventralmente. El esófago es relativa...

  19. Morfologia externa do adulto de Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Arsenurinae, Almeidaiini. I. Cabeça, apêndices e região cervical External morphology of Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae, Arsenurinae, Almeidaiini. I. Head, appendages and cervical region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amabílio J. A. de Camargo

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available A morfologia externa do adulto de Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande, 1981 é descrita e ilustrada pela pela primeira vez. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados com outras espécies de Saturniidae. É uma espécie rara e endêmica da região do Cerrado. Estudos sobre sua biologia foram publicados recentemente pelo quarto autor.The external morphology of adult head of Almeidaia aidae Mielke & Casagrande, 1981 is described and illustrated for the first time. The results obtained were compared with other species of Saturniidae. This species is rare and endemic of the Cerrado region. Biological studies were published recenthly by the fourth author.

  20. Fístula arterio-venosa secundaria a picadura de raya de río Arteriovenous fistula secondary to stingray puncture

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo Girón; Emilio Alberto Restrepo Baena

    1993-01-01

    Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino, pescador, lesionado en la región fe. moral por una raya de río (Potamotrygon magdalenne) lo que le produjo una fístula arterio-venosa de los vasos femorales. Fue tratado exitosamente mediante rafia de la vena y resección y anastomosis término-terminal de la arteria. En una revisión del tema no se encontraron informes previos de fístulas A-V de esta etiología....

  1. Massive biomass flushing despite modest channel response in the Rayas River following the 2008 eruption of Chaitén volcano, Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulloa, Héctor; Iroumé, Andrés; Picco, Lorenzo; Korup, Oliver; Lenzi, Mario Aristide; Mao, Luca; Ravazzolo, Diego

    2015-12-01

    The 2008 eruption of Chaitén volcano in southern Chile severely impacted several densely forested river catchments by supplying excess pyroclastic sediment to the channel networks. Our aim is to substantiate whether and how channel geometry and forest stands changed in the Rayas River following the sudden input of pyroclastic sediment. We measured the resulting changes to channel geometry and riparian forest stands along 17.6 km of the impacted gravel-bed Rayas River (294 km2) from multiple high-resolution satellite images, aerial photographs, and fieldwork to quantify yield volume characteristics of the forest stands. Limited channel changes during the last 60 years before the eruption reflect a dynamic equilibrium condition of the river corridor, despite the high annual precipitation and the sediment supply from Chaitén and Michinmahuida volcanoes in the headwaters. Images taken in 1945, 2004, and 2005 show that total size of the vegetated channel islands nearly doubled between 1945 and 2004 and remained unchanged between 2004 and 2005. Pyroclastic sediment entering the Rayas River after the 2008 eruption caused only minor average channel widening (7%), but killed all island vegetation in the study reach. Substantial shifts in the size distribution of in-channel vegetation patches reflect losses in total island area of 46% from 2005 to 2009 and an additional 34% from 2009 to 2012. The estimated pulsed release of organic carbon into the channel, mainly in the form of large wood from obliterated island and floodplain forests, was 78-400 tC/km/y and surpasses most documented yields from small mountainous catchments with similar rainfall, forest cover, and disturbance history, while making up between 20% and 60% of the annual carbon burial rate of fluvial sediments in the northern Patagonian fjords. We conclude that the carbon footprint of the 2008 Chaitén eruption on the Rayas River was more significant than the measured geomorphic impacts on channel geometry for

  2. Plan de acción nacional para la conservación y ordenamiento de tiburones, rayas y especies afines en el Perú (Pan tiburón - Perú)

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Este informe muestra la información obtenida en el Taller de Diagnóstico y Formulación de los PAN - Tiburones en el 2005, donde recalca el valor de las especies como tiburones, tollos y rayas como recursos biológicos desde el punto de vista pesquero, alimenticio, turístico y económico.

  3. The accommodation coefficient of water molecules on ice-cirrus cloud studies at the AIDA simulation chamber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Skrotzki

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cirrus clouds and their impact on the Earth's radiative budget are subjects of current research. The processes governing the growth of cirrus ice particles are central to the radiative properties of cirrus clouds. At temperatures relevant to cirrus clouds, the growth of ice crystals smaller than a few microns in size is strongly influenced by the accommodation coefficient of water molecules on ice, αice, making this parameter relevant for cirrus cloud modeling. However, the experimentally determined magnitude of αice for cirrus temperatures is afflicted with uncertainties of almost three orders of magnitude and values for αice derived from cirrus cloud data lack significance so far. This has motivated dedicated experiments at the cloud chamber AIDA (Aerosol Interactions and Dynamics in the Atmosphere to determine αice in the cirrus-relevant temperature interval between 190 K and 235 K under realistic cirrus ice particle growth conditions. The experimental data sets have been evaluated independently with two model approaches: the first relying on the newly developed model SIGMA (Simple Ice Growth Model for determining Alpha, the second one on an established model, ACPIM (Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation Interaction Model. Within both approaches, a careful uncertainty analysis of the obtained αice values has been carried out for each AIDA experiment. The results show no significant dependence of αice on temperature between 190 K and 235 K. In addition, we find no evidence for a dependence of αice on ice particle size or on water vapor supersaturation for ice particles smaller than 20 μm and supersaturations of up to 70%. The temperature averaged and combined result from both models is αice=0.6−0.4+0.4 which implies that αice may only exert a minor impact on cirrus clouds and their characteristics when compared to the

  4. The accommodation coefficient of water molecules on ice – cirrus cloud studies at the AIDA simulation chamber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Skrotzki

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Cirrus clouds and their impact on the Earth's radiative budget are subjects of current research. The processes governing the growth of cirrus ice particles are central to the radiative properties of cirrus clouds. At temperatures relevant to cirrus clouds, the growth of ice crystals smaller than a few microns in size is strongly influenced by the accommodation coefficient of water molecules on ice, αice, making this parameter relevant for cirrus cloud modeling. However, the experimentally determined magnitude of αice for cirrus temperatures is afflicted with uncertainties of almost three orders of magnitude, and values for αice derived from cirrus cloud data lack significance so far. This has motivated dedicated experiments at the cloud chamber AIDA (Aerosol Interactions and Dynamics in the Atmosphere to determine αice in the cirrus-relevant temperature interval between 190 K and 235 K under realistic cirrus ice particle growth conditions. The experimental data sets have been evaluated independently with two model approaches: the first relying on the newly developed model SIGMA (Simple Ice Growth Model for determining Alpha, the second one on an established model, ACPIM (Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation Interaction Model. Within both approaches a careful uncertainty analysis of the obtained αice values has been carried out for each AIDA experiment. The results show no significant dependence of αice on temperature between 190 K and 235 K. In addition, we find no evidence for a dependence of αice on ice particle size or on water vapor supersaturation for ice particles smaller than 20 μm and supersaturations of up to 70%. The temperature-averaged and combined result from both models is αice = 0.7−0.5+0.3, which implies that αice may only exert a minor impact on cirrus clouds and their characteristics when compared to the assumption of αice =1. Impact on prior calculations of cirrus cloud properties, e.g., in climate models, with

  5. Optimización del juego tres en raya con niveles de dificultad utilizando heurísticas de inteligencia artificial

    OpenAIRE

    César Javier Villacís; Walter Marcelo Fuertes; Christian Andrés Bustamante; Margarita Elizabeth Zambrano; Edgar Porfirio Torres; Hernán Mauricio Aules; Ana Gladys Tacuri; Mario Oswaldo Basurto

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: Los videojuegos educativos, además de proporcionar distracción y diversión,  estimulan el desarrollo del pensamiento de los niños en las áreas lógica y espacial. Esta investigación presenta la optimización de un videojuego educativo relacionado con los juegos de lógica, conocido como el Tres en Raya o Tic-Tac-Toe (en inglés), enfocado a niños entre 7 y 11 años. Método: Para llevarlo a cabo, se ha empleado el Método de Diseño Hipermedia Orientada a Objetos para el diseño conceptu...

  6. Relative growth and sexual dimorphism of Austinixa aidae (Brachyura: Pinnotheridae): a symbiont of the ghost shrimp Callichirus major from the southwestern Atlantic Crecimiento relativo y dimorfismo sexual en Austinixa aidae (Barchyura: Pinnotheridae): un simbionte del camarón fantasma Callichirus major del Atlántico sudoccidental

    OpenAIRE

    Douglas Fernando Peiró; Paulo Ricardo Pezzuto; Fernando Luis Mantelatto

    2011-01-01

    Species of the family Pinnotheridae constitute an ideal group for morphometric studies due to their complex morphological adaptations. These adaptations respond to the selective pressure of a symbiotic life style. This study describes the relative growth and morphometric features of the symbiotic pea crab Austinixa aidae (associated with the ghost shrimp Callichirus major), from the sandy beaches in the southwest Atlantic, Brazil. Significant differences were detected in the biometric proport...

  7. The AIDA-MOX 1 program: Results of the French-Russian study on peaceful use of plutonium from dismantled Russian Nuclear weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Intergovernmental Agreement signed on November 12, 1992, between the governments of France and the Russian Federation instituted cooperation between the two countries for the safe elimination of the excess Russian nuclear weapons. France has allocated 400 million francs to this program, covering transportation and dismantling of nuclear weapons, interim storage and subsequent commercial use of the nuclear materials from the dismantled weapons, nuclear materials accountancy and safeguards, and scientific research. The concept of loading commercial Russian reactors with fuel fabricated from the plutonium recovered from dismantled nuclear weapons of the former Soviet Union is gaining widespread acceptance, and is at the heart of the French-Russian AIDA/MOX project

  8. Maaleht soovitab : Pidu Pärimusmuusika Aidas. Corelli Music lõpetab suvehooaja. Homme selgub Virumaa superstaar. "Kohtumispaik Eesti". Laulavad vennad Urbid. Kogu pere rokifestival

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    6. sept. Pärimusmuusika Aidas hooaja avapeol esinevad ansambel Paabel, Kulno Malva ja DJ Harlet. Agentuur Corelli Music lõpetab suvehooaja jaapani klavessinisti Yoshiko Ieki kontserdiga 8. sept. Tallinnas Pühavaimu kirikus ja 10. sept. Maardu mõisas, uus hooaeg algab oktoobris kavaga "Vivaldi, Casanova ja Veneetsia". Kadrina laululaval valitakse "Viru simmani" raames Virumaa superstaar, esinevad Kuldne Trio, Terminaator ja DJ Erki Ohmann. Vanemuise kontserdimajas annab Põhjamaade sümfooniaorkester 6. sept. kontserdi "Kohtumispaik Eesti", dirigent Anu Tali. 13. sept. esinevad Vanemuise kontserdisaalis vennad Toomas ja Tarmo Urb. 6. sept.Tartus Narva mnt pool Kaarsilla juures pargis rokifestival "Rock ja Art", peaesinejaks ansambel Kosmikud

  9. Masjid Raya Johor

    OpenAIRE

    Kesuma, Indra

    2015-01-01

    Islam lives very close to the mosque, as the center of Muslim workship and activities. The mosque has an important role in the development of Islamic civilization and culture. Johor Mosque is a place that seeks to restore and develop the values of Islam in the life of society and state. In this project Johor Mosque Islamic Architecture approach themes using symbolism paradise filled with water games and vegetation as well as on the mass of the building using a calligraphy ornament...

  10. Fístula arterio-venosa secundaria a picadura de raya de río Arteriovenous fistula secondary to stingray puncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Girón

    1993-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino, pescador, lesionado en la región fe. moral por una raya de río (Potamotrygon magdalenne lo que le produjo una fístula arterio-venosa de los vasos femorales. Fue tratado exitosamente mediante rafia de la vena y resección y anastomosis término-terminal de la arteria. En una revisión del tema no se encontraron informes previos de fístulas A-V de esta etiología.

    We report on the case of a fisherman who was wounded by a stingray (Potamotrygon magdalenne. As a consequence he developed a femoral arterio-venous fistula that was surgical treated with success. Suture of the vein and end to end anastomosis of the artery were performed. A review of the literature yielded no cases of arteriovenous fistula of this etiology.

  11. TIBURONES Y RAYAS (SUBCLASE ELASMOBRANCHII) DESCARTADOS POR LA FLOTA DE ARRASTRE CAMARONERO EN EL CARIBE DE COLOMBIA Sharks and Rays (Subclass Elasmobranchii) Discarded from Commercial Shrimp Trawlers at the Caribbean Sea of Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Molina E.; Grijalba-Bendeck M.; Moreno C; Moreno F.; Bohórquez-Herrera J.; Acevedo K.; Gómez-Canchong P.

    2007-01-01

    Con el fin de obtener una aproximación a la estructura del ensamblaje de peces cartilaginosos extraídos por la flota de arrastre camaronero en la costa norte de Colombia, se evaluó la composición y abundancia de tiburones y rayas descartados en dos sectores del Caribe colombiano, entre agosto y noviembre de 2004. Mensualmente se analizaron lances de la flota de arrastre camaronero al interior de cada sector (norte: La Virgen y Portete; sur: Barú, cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo,...

  12. Necrosis cutánea severa por picadura de raya en el miembro inferior: presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura Stingray injury causing severe cutaneous necrosis: case report and literature review

    OpenAIRE

    M.A. Hoyos Franco; C. Posso Zapata; Y.A. Cardenas

    2009-01-01

    El propósito de este trabajo es presentar nuestra experiencia con un caso de picadura por raya en el área maleolar interna del pie derecho de un hombre de 25 años, que sufrió mientras pescaba. Inicialmente presentó dolor urente, seguido de edema severo, con necrosis de la piel suprayacente. Ingresa a nuestra institución 24 horas después y con edema, eritema y secreción purulenta en el sitio afectado. Se inicia tratamiento con antibióticos sistémicos y se realizan tres lavados y desbridamiento...

  13. Biología, ecología y explotación de la raya platana Atlantoraja platana (Günther, 1880), (Chondrichthyes, Rajidae), del golfo San Matías

    OpenAIRE

    Coller, N.M.

    2012-01-01

    La “raya platana” (Atlantoraja platana), es una especie endémica del Atlántico Sudoccidental, habita desde los 22º S (Uruguay y sur de Brasil) hasta los 42º S, región del Golfo San Matías (Argentina). El área de estudio del presente trabajo fue el Golfo San Matías (41º- 42º S y 64º- 65º O). El material analizado (778 hembras y 709 machos) fue colectado durante muestreos mensuales de las capturas desembarcadas por los barcos pesqueros de la flota local (muestreos de desembarque); muestras extr...

  14. Spatial analysis of groundwater potential using remote sensing and GIS-based multi-criteria evaluation in Raya Valley, northern Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenta, Ayele Almaw; Kifle, Addis; Gebreyohannes, Tesfamichael; Hailu, Gebrerufael

    2015-02-01

    Sustainable development and management of groundwater resources require application of scientific principles and modern techniques. An integrated approach is implemented using remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS)-based multi-criteria evaluation to identify promising areas for groundwater exploration in Raya Valley, northern Ethiopia. The thematic layers considered are lithology, lineament density, geomorphology, slope, drainage density, rainfall and land use/cover. The corresponding normalized rates for the classes in a layer and weights for thematic layers are computed using Saaty's analytical hierarchy process. Based on the computed rates and weights, aggregating the thematic maps is done using a weighted linear combination method to obtain a groundwater potential (GP) map. The GP map is verified by overlay analysis with observed borehole yield data. Map-removal and single-parameter sensitivity analyses are used to examine the effects of removing any of the thematic layers on the GP map and to compute effective weights, respectively. About 770 km2 (28 % of the study area) is designated as `very good' GP. `Good', `moderate' and `poor' GP areas cover 630 km2 (23 %), 600 km2 (22 %) and 690 km2 (25 %), respectively; the area with `very poor' GP covers 55 km2 (2 %). Verification of the GP map against observed borehole yield data shows 74 % agreement, which is fairly satisfactory. The sensitivity analyses reveal the GP map is most sensitive to lithology with a mean variation index of 6.5 %, and lithology is the most effective thematic layer in GP mapping with mean effective weight of 52 %.

  15. The Stage Design of Aida Produced by NCPA%国家大剧院版歌剧《阿依达》的舞美设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张翔; 孙芳

    2015-01-01

    The paper introduced the stage design of Aida produced by National Center for Performing Arts, as well as the solution of scenery movement and the technical difficulties of stage machinery.%介绍国家大剧院版歌剧《阿依达》的舞美设计、实现的方案和舞台机械技术难点。

  16. Artificial surfaces in the Raya Central Iberica Use generalized linear models to define driving forces of the territorial changes; Las superficies artificiales en la Raya Central Iberica El uso de modelos lineales generalizados para definir los factores condicionantes de los cambios territoriales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jaraiz Cabanillas, F. J.; Mora Aliseda, J.; Gutierrez Gallego, J. A.

    2012-07-01

    The rapid changes that the socio-demographic structure and the economic activity are experiencing in the Raya Central Iberica, and that are produced for the new socioeconomic needs, the concentration of the population in the principal cities, the abandon of the rural spaces, the growth of irrigation areas, etc., they motivate changes in the artificial surfaces. A spatial analysis is applied to determine the principal driving forces of the artificial surfaces changes. For this, different tools are in use in order to differentiate the land use and land cover changes or the driving forces. The changes were quantified by statistical technologies and images of CORINE Land Cover Project and the driving factors were analyzed by logistic regressions (generalized linear models) combining human and geophysics variables. Conclusions show the suitability of the employment of the information of CORINE Land Cover project, the significant selected independent variables, and the validity of the generalized linear models for the explanation of the land use and land cover change of a certain territory. (Author)

  17. Optimización del juego tres en raya con niveles de dificultad utilizando heurísticas de inteligencia artificial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Javier Villacís

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Los videojuegos educativos, además de proporcionar distracción y diversión,  estimulan el desarrollo del pensamiento de los niños en las áreas lógica y espacial. Esta investigación presenta la optimización de un videojuego educativo relacionado con los juegos de lógica, conocido como el Tres en Raya o Tic-Tac-Toe (en inglés, enfocado a niños entre 7 y 11 años. Método: Para llevarlo a cabo, se ha empleado el Método de Diseño Hipermedia Orientada a Objetos para el diseño conceptual y navegacional de la aplicación, lo cual permite crear interfaces de usuario interactivas y amigables con el usuario. Además, se utilizó técnicas de Inteligencia Artificial para que el jugador, simulado y controlado por la computadora,  pueda emular la toma de decisiones por sí mismo, y esté en capacidad de enfrentar al usuario. Las técnicas de Inteligencia Artificial utilizadas son del tipo heurísticas, implementadas mediante un método numérico inédito, basado en series numéricas finitas, lo cual difiere de otros del mismo tipo, donde lo común es utilizar el Algoritmo del MIN-MAX. Para la ejecución del juego se ha recurrido a la incorporación de un agente virtual que brindará soporte al usuario en los diferentes niveles de dificultad del juego. Resultados: Los resultados muestran que existen diferencias cognitivas por edad, género y nivel de dificultad en el juego de una muestra representativa de niños de una unidad educativa. Conclusión: Estes tipos de programas estimulan el desarrollo cognitivo de los niños que se encuentran en su etapa primaria  de  formación.

  18. ¡Fuerza cartonera! Un estudio sobre la cultura editorial cartonera y su comunicación. Diseño de un plan 2.0 para Aida Cartonera

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Arranz, Beatriz

    2013-01-01

    Es un estudio sobre las editoriales cartoneras que se remonta a los orígenes de las primeras cartoneras latinoamericanas para intentar entender la esencia de estos proyectos e investigar su transferencia a otros países del mundo, especialmente en España. Se investiga sobre las características que unen o separan a las diferentes editoriales y las razones de su existencia. La última parte del trabajo es un plan de comunicación para una editorial cartonera concreta: Aida Cartonera, nacida en el ...

  19. Anatomía comparada del sistema digestivo de las rayas Urotrygon chilensis y Dasyatis sabina (Myliobatiformes Comparative anatomy of the digestive system of the skates, Urotrygon chilensis and Dasyatis sabina (Myliobatiformes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ABRAHAM KOBELKOWSKY

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La organización general del sistema digestivo de la raya pinta Urotrygon chilensis y la raya de espina Dasyatis sabina corresponde al patrón morfológico general de los Myliobatiformes. La dentición de estas especies muestra un dimorfismo sexual, consistente en dientes planos en las hembras y dientes puntiagudos en los machos. Entre los músculos mandibulares, el adductor mandibulae es el más complejo. Las cavidades bucofaríngea y visceral son aplanadas dorsoventralmente. El esófago es relativamente largo, el estómago tiene forma de U, el intestino está regionalizado en duodeno, intestino valvular y recto. El mesenterio dorsal está restringido al recto y la glándula rectal. Los caracteres morfológicos más notables que diferencian el sistema digestivo de las dos especies son: la presencia de esfínter cardiaco y la forma en S del recto en U. chilensis, la presencia de escotaduras en las mandíbulas y el mayor número de vueltas de la válvula espiral en D. sabina.The general organization of the digestive system of the rays Urotrygon chilensis and Dasyatis sabina fits with the general morphological pattern of the Myliobatiformes. Dentition of both species shows sexual dimorphism, having the females flattened teeth whereas pointed teeth the males. Among the mandibular muscles, the adductor mandibulae is the most complex. Both the buccopharyngeal and the visceral cavities are dorsoventrally flattened. The esophagus is long, the stomach is U shaped, and the intestine is formed by the duodene, valvular intestine and rectum. The dorsal mesentery is restricted to the rectum and rectal gland. The main morphological characters differentiating both species are: the presence in U. chilensis of the cardiac sphincter and the S shape of the rectum, and the presence in D. sabina of mandibular notches and a higher number of coils of the valvular fold of the intestine.

  20. Necrosis cutánea severa por picadura de raya en el miembro inferior: presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura Stingray injury causing severe cutaneous necrosis: case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A. Hoyos Franco

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo es presentar nuestra experiencia con un caso de picadura por raya en el área maleolar interna del pie derecho de un hombre de 25 años, que sufrió mientras pescaba. Inicialmente presentó dolor urente, seguido de edema severo, con necrosis de la piel suprayacente. Ingresa a nuestra institución 24 horas después y con edema, eritema y secreción purulenta en el sitio afectado. Se inicia tratamiento con antibióticos sistémicos y se realizan tres lavados y desbridamientos en días subsecuentes. Evolucionó con solución de continuidad y exposición ósea sobre el maléolo interno en un área de 7 x 5 cms que se cubrió con un colgajo safeno interno de flujo reverso que evolucionó satisfactoriamente. Las lesiones ocasionadas por la picadura de raya (Myliobatidae son escasamente referidas en Cirugía Plástica, pues la lesión tisular severa de las extremidades es poco frecuente. Revisamos la fisiopatología, los tipos de lesiones que se producen y los principios de tratamiento.The purpose of this paper is to present our experience with one case of stingray injury, in a 25 years old man, while he was fishing, compromising his right feet at the internal malleolus. At the beginning he had severe pain, and during the first hours after the accident progressive edema was evident. He arrived to our hospital 24 hours later, when purulent discharge and eritem was obvious. Intravenous antibiotics were initiated and three surgical debridements where performed during the following week. After the process was complete, a soft tissue defect was created on the internal malleolus (7 x 5 cm. Reconstruction was achieved using a reverse internal saphenous flap that evolved satisfactorily. Severe skin injuries caused by stingrays (Myliobatidae have been reported shortly in plastic surgery literature, because these lesions usually heal without surgical procedures. We review skin injury physiopathology, showing the different kind of

  1. Asymmetric Strecker-Type Reaction of alpha-Aryl Ketones. Synthesis of (S)-alphaM4CPG, (S)-MPPG, (S)-AIDA, and (S)-APICA, the Antagonists of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Dawei; Tian, Hongqi; Zou, Guixiang

    1999-01-01

    Heating a mixture of alpha-aryl ketone with (R)-phenylglycinol produces a mixture of imine and 1,3-dioxazolidine. Treatment of this mixture with trimethylsilyl cyanide followed by transformation of nitrile to ester gives Strecker-type reaction products. The diastereoselectivity of the generated alpha-amino esters is from 2/1 to 7/1, and the (R,S)isomer is found as the major product. The (R,S) and (R,R)isomers can be separated by conversion to their N-Cbz or cyclization derivatives. Using this methodology, four antagonists of metabotropic glutamate receptors, (S)-alphaM4CPG, (S)-MPPG, (S)-AIDA, and (S)-APICA, are synthesized. PMID:11674092

  2. Biología de la raya guitarra Rhinobatos leucorhynchus (Günther, 1867 (Rajiformes: Rhinobatidae en el Pacífico colombiano Biology of the guitar ray Rhinobatos leucorhynchus (Günther, 1867 (Rajiformes: Rhinobatidae in the Colombian Pacific

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Payán

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La raya guitarra Rhinobatos leucorhynchus es comúnmente capturada como fauna acompañante en la pesca del camarón de aguas someras del Pacífico colombiano, tanto a nivel industrial como artesanal. A partir de 286 ejemplares capturados incidentalmente entre 2001 y 2007, se estudiaron diferentes aspectos biológicos de esta especie. Las hembras fueron proporcionalmente más grandes que los machos, aunque el crecimiento fue similar en ambos sexos (alométrico. Los embriones no presentaron diferencias sexuales significativas ni en talla ni en peso. La proporción sexual en adultos fue 2,4:1 (hembras-machos, mientras que en embriones esta proporción fue de 1:1. El 51,5% de machos presentó claspers desarrollados y calcificados y el 56,5% de las hembras estaban grávidas, presentando fecundidades entre 1 y 6 embriones, con tallas entre 3 y 19,5 cm, sugiriendo una talla de nacimiento entre 19 y 19,5 cm LT. La talla mediana de madurez de las hembras fue menor que la de machos (48,48 cm y 51,18 cm LT, respectivamente, y las hembras presentaron crías a partir de 44 cm LT. Los hábitos alimentarios de esta especie mostraron 30 ítems presa, con camarones de la familia Penaeidae, y especialmente Trachypenaeus sp. como alimento principal. La raya guitarra presentó diferencias significativas en la dieta de machos y hembras, y la amplitud de nicho indicó que es especialista en su dieta. Los resultados de este estudio aportan información útil para plantear medidas de manejo de R. leucorhynchus, especie que requiere atención, dado sus características biológicas y su importancia comercial y de consumo.The guitar ray Rhinobatos leucorhynchus is commonly caught as by-catch of industrial and artisanal shrimp trawling in the shallow waters of the Colombian Pacific. The biological aspects of this species were studied using 286 animals caught as by-catch between 2001 and 2007. The females were proportionally larger than males, although growth was similar

  3. From coexistence to competitive exclusion: can overfishing change the outcome of competition in skates (Chondrichthyes, Rajidae? De la coexistencia a la exclusión competitiva: ¿Puede la sobrepesca cambiar el resultado de la competencia en rayas (Chondrichthyes, Rajidae?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia L Ruocco

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Competition for food could be a major force driving changes in the community structure of skates (Rajidae subjected to fishing exploitation. Under this hypothesis, small skates are released from competition with larger skates after fishing has depleted the larger species. Here, we compare the abundance patterns of two sympatric skates with similar niches but different life histories, Bathyraja albomaculata (larger and slow-reproducing and Bathyraja macloviana (smaller and faster-reproducing, before (1971, 1978 and after (1998-2004 a 108% increase in industrial bottom trawling on the southeastern South American shelf in order to test the prediction that B. macloviana should competitively exclude B. albomaculata after the increase in fishing mortality. In 1971 and 1978, there was no relationship between the abundance of both species, indicating that they coexisted over large scales. In 1998-2004, the relationship between the abundances of these skates was bell-shaped, indicating that both species increased in abundance at low densities until peaking, after which B. albomaculata decreased when B. macloviana became more abundant, consistent with resource competition. We tested whether food may be a potential limiting resource by comparing the diet of both species. The two species consumed mostly polychaetes, differing only in the consumption of polychaetes from the family Nephthyidae, which was much higher for B. macloviana. Bathyraja macloviana could replace B. albomaculata at high densities when food resources may become scarce. These results support the hypothesis that competition release is an important factor explaining the changes in skate communities in overexploited areas.La competencia por el alimento podría ser una fuerza importante detrás de los cambios en la estructura de las comunidades de rayas (Rajidae bajo explotación pesquera. Según esta hipótesis, las rayas pequeñas son liberadas de la competencia por las rayas de mayor tama

  4. Reproducción de la raya eléctrica Narcine bancroftii (Torpediniformes: Narcinidae en Santa Marta, Caribe colombiano Reproduction of the electric ray Narcine bancroftii (Torpediniformes: Narcinidae in Santa Marta, Colombian Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabián Moreno

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizaron aspectos reproductivos de la raya eléctrica Narcine bancroftii, capturada como bycatch con una red playera de cerco en dos playas del sector de El Rodadero, Santa Marta, Caribe colombiano. Los ejemplares fueron sexados, pesados y medidos, se identificó su estado de desarrollo gonadal mediante características morfológicas externas e internas. Se evaluó la condición reproductiva con el comportamiento de los índices biológicos (gonadosomático IGS y hepatosomático IHS y la talla a la madurez sexual (l50%. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron que el IGS tiene un máximo anual entre septiembre y diciembre cuando probablemente ocurre la cópula. El IHS presentó su mayor valor en enero, cuando termina su periodo reproductivo. La talla media de madurez en hembras fue de 32,2 cm y en machos de 20,2 a 22,9 cm. El período de gestación es de cuatro meses y las crías nacen de febrero a abril.This paper provides information about reproductive aspects of the electric ray Narcine bancroftii, caught as bycatch with beach seines in two beaches of El Rodadero, Santa Marta, Colombian Caribbean, between August (2005 and October (2006. The electric rays obtained were separate by sex, weighed and measured; the development of reproductive stage was identified by external and internal characteristics. The reproductive condition was determinate by (gonadosomatic GSI and hepatosomatic HSI indexes and the size at sexual maturity (l50%. The results showed that the GSI has one peak at year between September and December when probably the copulation carried out, the HSI presented its highest value in January, which corresponds to the end of the reproductive period. The size at sexual maturity was 32.2 cm in females and it was between 20.2 and 22.9 cm in males. We propose that the gestation period extends during four months, starting with the birth of individuals in February and finishing in April.

  5. TIBURONES Y RAYAS (SUBCLASE ELASMOBRANCHII DESCARTADOS POR LA FLOTA DE ARRASTRE CAMARONERO EN EL CARIBE DE COLOMBIA Sharks and Rays (Subclass Elasmobranchii Discarded from Commercial Shrimp Trawlers at the Caribbean Sea of Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K ACEVEDO

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de obtener una aproximación a la estructura del ensamblaje de peces cartilaginosos extraídos por la flota de arrastre camaronero en la costa norte de Colombia, se evaluó la composición y abundancia de tiburones y rayas descartados en dos sectores del Caribe colombiano, entre agosto y noviembre de 2004. Mensualmente se analizaron lances de la flota de arrastre camaronero al interior de cada sector (norte: La Virgen y Portete; sur: Barú, cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo, Ceycén, Mestizo, río Cedro, Tigua y Tortuguilla. Observadores a bordo de la flota comercial de arrastre camaronero muestrearon 1/5 de la captura previamente homogenizada, tomada al azar de una de las cuatro redes de la embarcación. En 30 lances se registró la presencia de 47 peces cartilaginosos, correspondientes a seis familias y ocho especies. La mayor Captura por Unidad de Esfuerzo (CPUE en términos de biomasa se registró en ambas zonas durante septiembre, la menor en noviembre en la zona sur; el mayor valor del número de individuos se presentó en septiembre en la zona sur y el menor en noviembre, lo cual puede atribuirse a la mayor disponibilidad del recurso objetivo que está asociado al periodo de mayores lluvias que enriquece las aguas de los ambientes costeros y son usados como hábitat y zonas de alimentación por los peces cartilaginososIn order to have an approximation to the cartilaginous fishes assemblage structure exploited by commercial shrimp trawlers from the north coast of Colombia, composition and abundance of the discarded sharks and rays on two zones of the Colombian Caribbean, between August and November of 2004 were evaluated. Each month, a number of trawls were analyzed in each zone (north: La Virgen and Portete; south: Barú, Cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo, Ceycén, Mestizo, Cedro river, Tigua and Tortuguilla. Observers were placed on board commercial shrimp trawlers, sampling 1/5 from the total

  6. Biología reproductiva de la raya Rhinoptera bonasus (Elasmobranchii en el sureste del Golfo de México Reproductive biology of the cownose ray Rhinoptera bonasus (Elasmobranchii in the Southeastern Gulf of Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Pérez-Jiménez

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available La raya Rhinoptera bonasus es uno de los batoideos más abundantes en el sureste del Golfo de México, en donde es capturada incidentalmente y procesada seca-salada para consumo humano. En esta región, a la fecha no existen estimaciones de los parámetros reproductivos necesarios para conocer su dinámica poblacional y evaluar su vulnerabilidad a la pesca por medio de análisis demográficos o evaluaciones de riesgo ecológico. Del análisis de 136 hembras con un intervalo de longitud de 43-106 cm de ancho de disco (AD y 56 machos con un intervalo de longitud de 43-93 cm AD, se estimó una longitud de madurez (AD50% de 89.1 cm y 76.4 cm AD para hembras y machos respectivamente. El ciclo reproductivo de las hembras es aparentemente bienal, con una gestación de 12 meses; la gestación y la vitelogénesis son consecutivas. La ovulación y el alumbramiento ocurren de mediados de marzo a mediados de junio. La fecundidad fue de un embrión y la longitud de nacimiento de 37.5-43 cm AD. La longitud de madurez es diferente entre el sureste y el norte del Golfo de México; en el norte del Golfo es de 65.3 y 64.2 cm AD para hembras y machos, respectivamente. Al parecer también es diferente el ciclo reproductivo entre las poblaciones del sureste del Golfo de México (bienal y el Atlántico noroeste (anual.The cownose ray Rhinoptera bonasus is one of the most abundant batoid species in southeastern Gulf of Mexico, where it is occasionally caught and salt-dried for human consumption. To date, there are no estimates of the reproductive parameters which are needed to assess the dynamics of the local population of this species, and its vulnerability to fisheries. The analysis of 136 females with a size range of 43-106 cm disc width (DW and 56 males with a size range of 43-93 cm DW, allowed to estimate that the lengths at maturity (DW50% are 89.1 cm DW and 76.4 cm DW for females and for males, respectively. The female reproductive cycle is apparently biennial

  7. Reproductive parameters of the southern stingray Dasyatis americana in southern gulf of Mexico Parámetros reproductivos de la raya látigo americana Dasyatis americana en el sur del golfo de México

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    Edith Ramírez-Mosqueda

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The southern stingray Dasyatis americana (Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928 is the most landed elasmobranch by small-scale fleets in southern gulf of Mexico. However, little is known of its life history parameters in this region. In this study, a total of 900 specimens were collected from February 2006 to December 2008 to determine the reproductive parameters needed for population assessments by means of ecological risk assessments or demographic analysis. Results suggested that females of D. americana reproduce annually, with a gestation of 7-8 months. The reproductive cycle of females is asynchronous, with ovulation and parturition occurring throughout the year. Females and males matured at 764 and 517 mm disc width (DW50 respectively. D. americana has one of the highest fecundity among dasyatids, from 2 to 7 embryos, with a sex ratio of embryos of 1:1. A linear relationship between maternal DW and fecundity was estimated, the larger females contain more embryos. The status of the population of D. americana is a cause of concern in the southern gulf of Mexico due to its high frequency of capture in artisanal fisheries and its apparently low biological productivity.La raya látigo americana Dasyatis americana (Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928, conocida como balá en México, es el elasmobranquio más capturado y desembarcado por flotas artesanales en el sur del golfo de México. Sin embargo, se conoce poco de sus parámetros de historia de vida en esta región. En este estudio, fueron analizados 900 ejemplares entre febrero 2006 y diciembre 2008 para determinar los parámetros reproductivos necesarios para evaluaciones poblacionales por medio de análisis demográficos o evaluaciones de riesgo ecológico. Los resultados sugieren que las hembras de D. americana se reproducen anualmente, con una gestación de 7-8 meses aproximadamente. El ciclo reproductivo de las hembras es asincrónico, con la ovulación y alumbramiento ocurriendo a lo largo de todo el

  8. Tiburones y rayas (subclase elasmobranchi descartado por la flota de arrastre camaronero en el caribe de colombia Sharks and Rays (Subclass Elasmobranchii Discarded from Commercial Shrimp Trawlers at the Caribbean Sea of Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molina E.

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de obtener una aproximación a la estructura del ensamblaje de peces cartilaginosos extraídos por la flota de arrastre camaronero en la costa norte de Colombia, se evaluó la composición y abundancia de tiburones y rayas descartados en dos sectores del Caribe colombiano, entre agosto y noviembre de 2004. Mensualmente se analizaron lances de la flota de arrastre camaronero al interior de cada sector (norte: La Virgen y Portete; sur: Barú, cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo, Ceycén, Mestizo, río Cedro, Tigua y Tortuguilla. Observadores a bordo de la flota comercial de arrastre camaronero muestrearon 1/5 de la captura previamente homogenizada, tomada al azar de una de las cuatro redes de la embarcación. En 30 lances se registró la presencia de
    47 peces cartilaginosos, correspondientes a seis familias y ocho especies. La mayor Captura por Unidad de Esfuerzo (CPUE en términos de biomasa se registró en ambas zonas durante septiembre, la menor en noviembre en la zona sur; el mayor valor del número de individuos se presentó en septiembre en la zona sur y el menor en noviembre, lo cual puede atribuirse a la mayor disponibilidad del recurso objetivo que está asociado al periodo de mayores lluvias que enriquece las aguas de los ambientes costeros y son usados como hábitat y zonas de alimentación por los peces cartilaginosos.In order to have an approximation to the cartilaginous fishes assemblage structure exploited by commercial shrimp trawlers from the north coast of Colombia, composition and abundance of the discarded sharks and rays on two zones of the
    Colombian Caribbean, between August and November of 2004 were evaluated. Each month, a number of trawls were analyzed in each zone (north: La Virgen and Portete; south: Barú, Cabo Tiburón, Cascajal, Cispatá, Morrosquillo, Ceycén, Mestizo, Cedro river, Tigua and Tortuguilla. Observers were placed on board commercial shrimp trawlers, sampling 1/5 from the

  9. BIOECOLOGÃ�A DE LA RAYA DE AGUA DULCE Potamotrygon magdalenae (Duméril, 1865 (MYLIOBATIFORMES EN LA CIÉNAGA DE SABAYO, GUAIMARAL, COLOMBIA BIOECOLOGY OF THE FRESHWATER STINGRAY Potamotrygon magdalenae (Duméril, 1865 (MYLIOBATIFORMES FROM THE CIÉNAGA DE SABAYO, GUAIMARAL, COLOMBIA

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    Herly Bibiana Ramos-Socha

    Full Text Available A pesar de la representatividad de Potamotrygon magdalenae en Colombia, por encontrarse a lo largo de la cuenca del río Magdalena y sus afluentes, esta raya no ha sido objeto de estudios previos, desconociéndose la mayor parte de sus aspectos bio-ecológicos. Actualmente son capturadas, incidentalmente, por la pesca artesanal que se efectúa en la Ciénaga de Sabayo (Guaimaral, Magdalena, donde no se les da ningún aprovechamiento. Se examinaron 488 individuos de P. magdalenae, capturadas entre octubre 2007 y mayo 2008, empleando chinchorro y trasmallo. Se estimó su captura por unidad de esfuerzo en 1,43 ± 0,37 ind/h, faena para trasmallo y 59,30 ± 9,00 ind/h, para chinchorro y una biomasa 0,38 ± 0,06kg/h y 81,70 ± 13,30kg/h, respectivamente. La talla media de madurez fue 240mm ancho de disco en hembras y 202 en machos; la talla mínima de madurez, se estimó en 164, hembras y 160, machos. El ovario derecho en hembras, se registró con menor desarrollo que el izquierdo, ambos úteros fueron funcionales, conteniendo entre 1 y 5 embriones, los cuales, nacen con tallas entre 87 y 95mm AD. Se registraron 39 estómagos vacíos (14,6% y 227 con algún contenido (85,3%, siendo Polymitarcidae (55,6% y sus larvas (30,8% las de mayor representatividad, indicando que P. magdalenae es una especie bentónica insectívora detritívora.One of the most abundant fishes in Colombia is Potamotrygon magdalenae, from the Magdalena River and its tributaries, however, no previous studies on this species exist, unknowing therefore the main bio-ecological aspects. No commercial interest exists on this ray that is caught as bycatch by artesian fishery at Ciénaga de Sabayo (Guaimaral, Magdalena. Between October (2007 and May (2008 488 individuals of P. magdalenae were captured using gillnet and trawl net. The catch per unit effort was calculated as 1.43 ± 0.37 ind/h for gillnet and 59.30 ± 9.00 ind/h for trawl net, and for biomass estimation 0.38 ± 0.06kg/h and

  10. Signage dan Penerapannya: Lingkungan Jalan Raya Tol Bintaro

    OpenAIRE

    Dyah Gayatri Puspitasari; Andreas James Darmawan

    2013-01-01

    The term signage sometimes has been confused with the term sign or symbol, although the term signage is actually a theme which has consistency and also covers an area from a specific environment and mood. Signage has been designed to inform about location and direction of interior and exterior environment. In general, design system and the use of signage, such as graphic standard, material and the positioning, has been organized by international standardization from every country in the world...

  11. Signage dan Penerapannya: Lingkungan Jalan Raya Tol Bintaro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Gayatri Puspitasari

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The term signage sometimes has been confused with the term sign or symbol, although the term signage is actually a theme which has consistency and also covers an area from a specific environment and mood. Signage has been designed to inform about location and direction of interior and exterior environment. In general, design system and the use of signage, such as graphic standard, material and the positioning, has been organized by international standardization from every country in the world. One of the most important categories of signage is the application of signage in highways. The study is about signage from historical background, category, color scheme, design and human factor approach; from psychological physics, social culture, to the connectivity with the value and products characteristic. Human factor comprehension is also one of the most important elements in signage design process. Each perspective or perception from highway user and their reaction about the signage has been conditioned by a specific characteristic of human, such as from biophysics-psyche, socio-culture, spiritual cosmologis transcendental with its five senses. Human factor as a user has an important role to obtain the best solution or good design solution for the community who use that signage.

  12. Analisis Arsitektur Masjid Raya Al Mashun sebagai Identitas Kota

    OpenAIRE

    Cahya, Elferina Dwi

    2015-01-01

    Deli Sultanate region is part of historical growth and urban development of Medan. This area is unique because it has some historical buildings, that is Great Mosque Al Mashun, Maimun Palace and Sri Deli Park. The uniqueness and distinctive of the heritage buildings are visible in the visual character of the area which is different from other regions. Therefore, this study aims to reviewing whether the region can be describe the identity of the city, by identifying the archi...

  13. KOLEKSI TUMBUHAN TERANCAM KEPUNAHAN DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

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    Yayan Wahyu Candra Kusuma

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia possesses 386 plant species that are categorized as threatened. Dipterocarpaceae contributes the largest number, reaching 36.79 % of the total threatened plant species, followed by Myristicaceae (13.73 % and Nepenthaceae (6.99%. Of these 386 threatened species, 29.27 % are critically endangered, 17.88% are endangered, and 52.85 % are vulnerable. Bogor Botanic Garden recently maintains 68 threathened plant species if Orchidaceae and Nepenthaceae members are not included on the list. Two species have been regarded as extinct, namely Dipterocarpus cinereus and Calamus spectabilis, while two other species are regarded as extinct in the wild (Mangifera casturi, and Mangifera rubropetala. This information can be useful for everyone for different purposes, especially for those who concern in the conservation of threatened plant species in Indonesia.

  14. UPAYA KONSERVASI EX SITU DIPTEROCARPACEAE DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

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    Eka Martha Della Rahayu

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Malesia is the center of Dipterocarps diversity in the world, with most species found in Indonesia. Sadly, their existence is threatened by illegal logging, extensive exploitation, and habitat conversion. There are 143 Indonesian Dipterocarps categorized as threatened in the IUCN Red List. Bogor Botanic Garden (BBG is one of the leading institutions focuses on ex situ conservation of plants. Dipterocarps collection in the BBG represents 41.5% of Dipterocarps of Sumatra, 17.0% of Dipterocarps of Kalimantan, 77.8% of Dipterocarps of Java, 66.7% of Dipterocarps of Bali and Nusa Tenggara, 57.1% of Dipterocarps of Sulawesi, 66.7% Dipterocarps of Moluccas, and 8.3% Dipterocarps of Papua. Totally, BBG has only conserved about 37.8% of threatened Indonesian Dipterocarps, still far from the target aimed by the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (60% conserved. The BBG has initiated genetic resource conservation of Dipterocarps, through seed preservation. Since most Dipterocarps have recalcitrant seeds, conventional storage methods cannot be used. One of the alternative solutions is to cryopreserve the excised embryo or embryonic axes to overcome the limits of conventional storage methods. Collection of threatened and endemic species along with research on embryo culture and cryopreservation should be intensified in the future.

  15. MORPHOLOGY CHARACTERISTICS OF SWIFTLET’S NEST NATURAL HABITATS (CAVE IN GUNONG PUNGKI TADU RAYA THE DISTRICT NAGAN RAYA

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    Said Nazaruddin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted by survey method with 2 stages of research. Data was collected through observation and recording. Data was analyzed using descriptive analysis. Observations showed that the outside surface of the cave there are many species of plants totaling 131 trees of 21 species and 39 animals of 11 species that live on the surface of the cave swiftlet habitat. The inner surface is generally smooth and watery caves and has temperature and humidity are very cool compared to the outside surface of the cave. On walls and ceilings inside the cave there are small bumps that are used to create a nest swiftlet. The surface of the cave has a light intensity of 001 foot candles. The conclusion obtained is the outer surface of bird's nest cave has a surface is not flat and overgrown with various species of trees, while the inside has a surface with small protrusions with holes not too deep.

  16. "The Beating of Private Aguirre: A Story About West Texas During WWII

    OpenAIRE

    MONTEJANO, D

    2005-01-01

    As a whole, the collection reveals that World War II was the turning point that gave most Mexican Americans their first experience of being truly included in American society, and it confirms that Mexican Americans of the "Greatest ...

  17. ESI-PR63, Central Aguirre, Puerto Rico 2000 (Environmental Sensitivity Index Map)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) maps are an integral component in oil-spill contingency planning and assessment. They serve as a source of information in the...

  18. AIDA - from Airborne Data Inversion to In-Depth Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, U.; Goetze, H.; Schroeder, M.; Boerner, R.; Tezkan, B.; Winsemann, J.; Siemon, B.; Alvers, M.; Stoll, J. B.

    2011-12-01

    The rising competition in land use especially between water economy, agriculture, forestry, building material economy and other industries often leads to irreversible deterioration in the water and soil system (as salinization and degradation) which results in a long term damage of natural resources. A sustainable exploitation of the near subsurface by industry, economy and private households is a fundamental demand of a modern society. To fulfill this demand, a sound and comprehensive knowledge on structures and processes of the near subsurface is an important prerequisite. A spatial survey of the usable underground by aerogeophysical means and a subsequent ground geophysics survey targeted at special locations will deliver essential contributions within short time that make it possible to gain the needed additional knowledge. The complementary use of airborne and ground geophysics as well as the validation, assimilation and improvement of current findings by geological and hydrogeological investigations and plausibility tests leads to the following key questions: a) Which new and/or improved automatic algorithms (joint inversion, data assimilation and such) are useful to describe the structural setting of the usable subsurface by user specific characteristics as i.e. water volume, layer thicknesses, porosities etc.? b) What are the physical relations of the measured parameters (as electrical conductivities, magnetic susceptibilities, densities, etc.)? c) How can we deduce characteristics or parameters from the observations which describe near subsurface structures as ground water systems, their charge, discharge and recharge, vulnerabilities and other quantities? d) How plausible and realistic are the numerically obtained results in relation to user specific questions and parameters? e) Is it possible to compile material flux balances that describe spatial and time dependent impacts of environmental changes on aquifers and soils by repeated airborne surveys? In order to follow up these questions raised the project aims to achieve the following goals: a) Development of new and expansion of existent inversion strategies to improve structural parameter information on different space and time scales. b) Development, modification, and tests for a multi-parameter inversion (joint inversion). c) Development of new quantitative approaches in data assimilation and plausibility studies. d) Compilation of optimized work flows for fast employment by end users. e) Primary goal is to solve comparable society related problems (as salinization, erosion, contamination, degradation etc.) in regions within Germany and abroad by generalization of project results.

  19. Single Particle Soot Photometer intercomparison at the AIDA chamber

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    M. Laborde

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Soot particles, consisting of black carbon (BC, organic carbon (OC, inorganic salts, and trace elements, are emitted into the atmosphere during incomplete combustion. Accurate measurements of atmospheric BC are important as BC particles cause adverse health effects and impact the climate.

    Unfortunately, the accurate measurement of the properties and mass concentrations of BC particles remains difficult. The Single Particle Soot Photometer (SP2 can contribute to improving this situation by measuring the mass of refractory BC in individual particles as well as its mixing state.

    Here, the results of the first detailed SP2 intercomparison, involving 6 SP2s from 6 different research groups, are presented, including the most evolved data products that can presently be calculated from SP2 measurements.

    It was shown that a detection efficiency of almost 100% down to 1 fg BC per particle can readily be achieved, and that this limit can be pushed down to ∼0.2 fg BC with optimal SP2 setup. Number and mass size distributions of BC cores agreed within ±5% and ±10%, respectively, in between the SP2s, with larger deviations in the range below 1 fg BC.

    The accuracy of the SP2's mass concentration measurement depends on the calibration material chosen. The SP2 has previously been shown to be equally sensitive to fullerene soot and ambient BC from sources where fossil fuel was dominant and less sensitive to fullerene soot than to Aquadag. Fullerene soot was therefore chosen as the standard calibration material by the SP2 user community; however, many data sets rely solely on Aquadag calibration measurements. The difference in SP2 sensitivity was found to be almost equal (fullerene soot to Aquadag response ratio of ∼0.75 at 8.9 fg BC for all SP2s. This allows the calculation of a fullerene soot equivalent calibration curve from a measured Aquadag calibration, when no fullerene soot calibration is available. It could be shown that this approach works well for all SP2s over the mass range of 1–10 fg. This range is suitable for typical BC mass size distributions in the ambient air far from sources.

    The number size distribution of purely scattering particles optically measured by the 6 SP2s also agreed within 15%. Measurements of the thickness of non-refractory coatings (i.e. product from α-pinene ozonolysis on the BC particles, relying on BC mass optical size and on an additional particle position measurement, also compared well (within ±17%. The estimated coating thickness values were consistent with thermo-optical analysis of OC and elemental carbon (EC content, though absolutely accurate values cannot be expected given all the assumptions that have to be made regarding refractive index, particle morphology, etc.

    This study showed that the SP2 provides accurate and reproducible data, but also that high data quality is only achieved if the SP2 is carefully tuned and calibrated. It has to be noted that the agreement observed here does not account for additional variability in output data that could result from the differences in the potentially subjective assumptions made by different SP2 users in the data processing.

  20. Single Particle Soot Photometer intercomparison at the AIDA chamber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Laborde

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Soot particles, consisting of black carbon (BC, organic carbon (OC, inorganic salts, and trace elements, are emitted into the atmosphere during incomplete combustion. Accurate measurements of atmospheric BC are important as BC particles cause adverse health effects and impact the climate.

    Unfortunately, the accurate measurement of the properties and mass concentrations of BC particles remains difficult. The Single Particle Soot Photometer (SP2 can contribute to improving this situation by measuring the mass of refractory BC in individual particles as well as its mixing state.

    Here, the results of the first detailed SP2 intercomparison, involving 6 SP2s from 6 different research groups, are presented, including the most evolved data products that can presently be calculated from SP2 measurements.

    It was shown that a detection efficiency of almost 100% down to 1 fg BC per particle can readily be achieved, and that this limit can be pushed down to ~0.3 fg BC with optimal SP2 setup. Number and mass size distributions of BC cores agreed within ±5% and ±10%, respectively, in between the SP2s, with larger deviations in the range below 1 fg BC.

    The accuracy of the SP2's mass concentration measurement depends on the calibration material chosen. The SP2 has previously been shown to be equally sensitive to fullerene soot and ambient BC from sources where fossil fuel were dominant and less sensitive to fullerene soot than to Aquadag. Fullerene soot was therefore chosen as the standard calibration material by the SP2 user community, however many datasets rely solely on Aquadag calibration measurements. The difference in SP2 sensitivity was found to be almost equal (fullerene soot to Aquadag response ratio of ~0.75 at 8.9 fg BC for all SP2s. This allows the calculation of a fullerene soot equivalent calibration curve from a measured Aquadag calibration, when no fullerene soot calibration is available. It could be shown that this approach works well for all SP2s over the mass range of 1–10 fg. This range is suitable for typical BC mass distributions in the ambient air far from sources.

    The number size distribution of purely scattering particles optically measured by the 6 SP2s also agreed within 15%. Measurements of the thickness of non-refractory coatings (i.e. product from α-pinene ozonolysis on the BC particles, relying on BC mass, optical size and on an additional particle position measurement, compared also well (within ±17%. The estimated coating thickness values were consistent with thermo-optical analysis of OC and EC content, though absolutely accurate values cannot be expected given all the assumptions that have to be made regarding refractive index, particle morphology etc.

    This study showed that the SP2 provides accurate and reproducible data but also that high data quality is only achieved if the SP2 is carefully tuned and calibrated.

  1. KARAKTERISTIK DAN VIABILITAS BIJI GAHARU (Aquilaria microcarpa Baill. DARI TANAMAN KOLEKSI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Wahyuni

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The characteristics and viability of agarwood (Aquilaria microcarpa Baill. seed from the Bogor Botanic Garden's collection was investigated. Two batches of seed from intact mature fruit and dehisced mature fruit were tested for viability using germination and tetrazolium test methods. The result showed that although the tetrazolium test indicated a similar level of seed viability between the two batches (i.e. 85 — 93 %, the germination capacity of seed batch derived from dehisced fru,it was greatly reduced (i.e. 46 % total seed germination compared to that derived from intact fruit (i.e. 97 % total seed germination. The decrease of seed germination capacity indicated the loss of seed vigour and was concomitant with the decrease of seed moisture content from 42.22 % to 24.79 % (fresh weight basis, thus underlining that the seed has a recalcitrant characteristic. Further observation on the seedling growth showed that there was an incidence of abnormal seedlings encountered in the seed batch from dehisced fruit. Detailed information on the morphological characteristics of the fruit, seed and seedling are presented in this paper.

  2. INTERAKSI ANTARA Hoya diversifolia Blume (ASCLEPIADACEAE DENGAN SEMUT (FORMICIDAE DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Rahayu

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Interaction between epiphyte Hoyo diversifolia Blume (Asclepiadaceae and ants (Formicidae was observed in Bogor Botanical Garden. Five species of ants were noted to be involved in the interaction, namely Acropygo sp., Pseudolosius sp., Oecophylla sp., Myrmoteros sp. and Euprenotepis sp. They exhibit a mutualism symbiotic interaction in an optional (facultative manner. The ants take some advantages of floral and extra floral nectarines for food and apparently receive protection for their nests by seedlings of H. diversifolia. Meanwhile seed of H. diversifolia is carried out and dispersed by ants to some favourable sites to grow.

  3. PROBLEMATIKA ANAK MENJALANKAN IBADAH DALAM KELUARGA MULTI AGAMA DI KOTA PALANGKA RAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamdanah Hamdanah

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Problems of humans vary considerably. One major problem concerns religion. Under a normal condition, one can observe religious rites properly. Problems arise, however, when one, especially children, lives in a family whose members practice different religions. This can be seen, for example, in many families in Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan. The decision to follow a particular religion and practice it in a multi religious family is challenging. There is a problem between the conscience to practice the religion in accordance to one’s own faith and the pressure to follow parents or foster parents who practice different religious. This article examines not only how adolescents choose their own religion but also how they practice religious rites in a multi religious families. Using qualitative-fenomenology approach, the data consitsed of ten families and were collected trough partipative observation and depth interview techniques. Findings show that adolescents have serious problems not only as to how they decide their own religion but also how they should observe their religious rituals. They felt confused, doubt, and event affraid of doing religious rites differently in such families. Findings also show that there are correlations between parents’ defferent religion and their low-motivation in religious activities and understanding religion.

  4. FLUSHING PADA Amherstia nobilis Wall. DAN Brownea capitella Jacq. DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Suraehah Tul Azhari; Sulistijorini Sulistijorini; Izu Andry Fijridiyanto

    2015-01-01

    Fenologi adalah telaah penampakan periodisitas pada tumbuhan dalam hubungannya dengan iklim, seperti waktu pembungaan dan flushing. Flushing yaitu pertumbuhan tunas/flush secara serempak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengamati pertumbuhan tunas daun dalam merespon intensitas cahaya dengan posisi tumbuh berbeda dan faktor lingkungan yang mempengaruhinya. Metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan pengambilan purposive sampling, flush dibedakan posisi tumbuhnya yaitu terminal dan aksilar da...

  5. FLUSHING PADA Amherstia nobilis Wall. DAN Brownea capitella Jacq. DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Suraehah Tul Azhari

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Fenologi adalah telaah penampakan periodisitas pada tumbuhan dalam hubungannya dengan iklim, seperti waktu pembungaan dan flushing. Flushing yaitu pertumbuhan tunas/flush secara serempak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengamati pertumbuhan tunas daun dalam merespon intensitas cahaya dengan posisi tumbuh berbeda dan faktor lingkungan yang mempengaruhinya. Metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan pengambilan purposive sampling, flush dibedakan posisi tumbuhnya yaitu terminal dan aksilar dalam kondisi terpapar dan ternaungi. Laju tumbuh Amherstia nobilis Wall. dan Brownea capitella Jacq. di daerah terpapar cahaya lebih cepat dibandingkan daerah ternaungi. Laju pertumbuhan diiringi dengan perubahan warna. Perubahan warna pada daun  A. nobilis berlangsung selama dua bulan lebih cepat dari B. capitella. Intensitas cahaya dan posisi tumbuh (terminal dan aksilar berpengaruh pada pertumbuhan kedua spesies.

  6. PENINGKATAN KINERJA PERSEDIAAN PRODUK DI PT. PROPAN RAYA I.C.C SURABAYA

    OpenAIRE

    Yuki Tejo Prakoso; Evi Yuliawati

    2013-01-01

    Inventory control is an internal process that is essential for the company's operations, especially in the field of industrial paints. Many types, colors and sizes of packaging paint often urged companies to hoard supplies. Nevertheless the possibility of failing to meet customer demand still occur, either due to exhaustion of stock, delivery delays, or for any other reason. Finished product inventory control in a way or innovative method must be developed to reduce excess inventory so as to ...

  7. ANALISIS PERILAKU KONSUMEN DALAM KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIAN SEPEDA MOTOR PADA MAHASISWA SE-MALANG RAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asna Asna

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of motor vehicle industries especially motorcycle industries is an interesting phenomenon. Since the economic of Indonesia was declined, motorcyle industries indicated the improvment of sales. This research is trying to see the impact of the stimulus towards the customer purchase decision, when they buy motorcyle. It was sutdy on the University sudents  in Malang. The customer behavior is studied from the factors influencing that behavior, such as social, personal, psychological and cultural factors, whereas the customer purchase decision is studied from the decision making process, which is decided into fully planned purchases. The result of the research, which is taken from 100 respondents, shows that cultural, psychological and factors have positive influences sifnificantly towards the customer purchase decision. Whereas, from social and personal factors, it has no influences on the customer purchase decision.

  8. ANALISIS PERILAKU KONSUMEN DALAM KEPUTUSAN PEMBELIAN SEPEDA MOTOR PADA MAHASISWA SE-MALANG RAYA

    OpenAIRE

    Asna Asna

    2010-01-01

    The development of motor vehicle industries especially motorcycle industries is an interesting phenomenon. Since the economic of Indonesia was declined, motorcyle industries indicated the improvment of sales. This research is trying to see the impact of the stimulus towards the customer purchase decision, when they buy motorcyle. It was sutdy on the University sudents  in Malang. The customer behavior is studied from the factors influencing that behavior, such as social, personal, psychologic...

  9. Desarrollo de un sistema de juego al Tres en Raya para el robot NAO H25

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Mingueza, Nerea

    2013-01-01

    En este trabajo se presenta el desarrollo de un módulo para el robot NAO que le permitirá jugar al “Tres en Raya” con un humano de forma autónoma. El desarrollo del juego incluye una gran variedad de técnicas de inteligencia artificial como el aprendizaje por demostración, la visión artificial y la búsqueda heurística que le permitirán alcanzar al robot ese grado de autonomía. La finalidad del trabajo es conseguir que el robot NAO aumente el componente social e interactúe cada ...

  10. Ideals without heat Indonesia Raya and the struggle for independence in Malaya, 1920—1948

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byungkuk Soh

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Kajian ini ditujukan untuk menemukan pemahaman perkembangan kesadaran nasional bangsa Melayu dalam mencapai kemerdekaan bangsa Melayu. Di dalamnya dikaji muncul dan berkembangnya kelompok-kelompok intelektual baru Melayu yang memiliki daya desak di balik perkembangan pergerakan kemerdekaan Melayu. Tahun 1920-an dianggap sebagai awal perkembangan kesadaran nasional bangsa Melayu. Dalam periode itu kelompok sosial baru, yaitu kaum agamawan terdidik, intelektual terdidik Melayu, dan intelektual terdidik Inggris, muncul di luar hierarki Melayu tradisional dan mulai menampilkan cita-cita sosiopolitis yang berdampak besar pada pembentukan bangsa Malaya, yang kemudian menjadi Malaysia, hingga bergerak terus ke tahun 1948.

  11. Ideals without heat Indonesia Raya and the struggle for independence in Malaya, 1920—1948

    OpenAIRE

    Byungkuk Soh

    2005-01-01

    Kajian ini ditujukan untuk menemukan pemahaman perkembangan kesadaran nasional bangsa Melayu dalam mencapai kemerdekaan bangsa Melayu. Di dalamnya dikaji muncul dan berkembangnya kelompok-kelompok intelektual baru Melayu yang memiliki daya desak di balik perkembangan pergerakan kemerdekaan Melayu. Tahun 1920-an dianggap sebagai awal perkembangan kesadaran nasional bangsa Melayu. Dalam periode itu kelompok sosial baru, yaitu kaum agamawan terdidik, intelektual terdidik Melayu, dan intelektual ...

  12. Sistem Pelaksanaan Make‐Up Room Yang Dilakukan Housekeeper Pada Kamar Hotel Sahid Raya Garden Yogyakarta

    OpenAIRE

    Ambali, Yudha

    2011-01-01

    Bisnis perhotelan semakin tumbuh dan berkembang dengan sangat maju di Indonesia , terutama di daerah tujuan wisata mauoun kota – kota besar . Setiap hotel atau bisnis pelayanan jasa yang memberikan pelayanan yang maksimal bagi tamunya atau berusaha memberikan nilai tambah tehadap produk dan jasa serta peningkatan mutu pelayanannya . Dalam melaksanakan operasional hotel terutama bagian housekeeping yang membersihkan dan menata kamar merupakan aspek yang sangat penting dalam ...

  13. AKTIVITAS DOMESTIK DAN PUBLIK PEREMPUAN KERJA (STUDI TERHADAP PEREMPUAN PEDAGANG KELONTONG DI PEKAPURAN RAYA BANJARMASIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Ruswinarsih

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the role of women in domestic and public sphere. Multi-role women are able to maintain harmonious relations in their extended and core families. The main reason women have trading activities because of economic pressures. They feel they have a responsibility for their family livelihood sustainability. The interesting thing is  they aware that their contributions to supplement their family income does not necessarily revoke roles as wife and mother in their family.Thus the women's role to implement various strategies in order to run smoothly, both in domestic and public aspects. Keywords : Women have  trading, domestic and public activityCopyright © 2013 by Kafa`ah All right reservedDOI : 10.15548/jk.v3i1.71

  14. AKTIVITAS DOMESTIK DAN PUBLIK PEREMPUAN KERJA (STUDI TERHADAP PEREMPUAN PEDAGANG KELONTONG DI PEKAPURAN RAYA BANJARMASIN)

    OpenAIRE

    Sigit Ruswinarsih

    2013-01-01

    This article describes the role of women in domestic and public sphere. Multi-role women are able to maintain harmonious relations in their extended and core families. The main reason women have trading activities because of economic pressures. They feel they have a responsibility for their family livelihood sustainability. The interesting thing is  they aware that their contributions to supplement their family income does not necessarily revoke roles as wife and mother in their family.Thus t...

  15. BIOLOGI REPRODUKSI BUNGA Cassine koordersii Kostermans (Celastraceae KOLEKSI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Ardhianto

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A study on flower biology of Cassine koordersii Kostermans was carried out in the Bogor Botanic Garden on April — November 2002. The plant produces flowers in umbel inflorescences that open sequentially, starting from the lowest branch of the inflorescence. There is no spatial separation between the anther and the stigma, and the dispersal of highly viable pollen takes place within the period of stigma receptivity. The flowers also show some characters of entomophily. Visitor insects are flies (ordo Diptera, family Syrphidae and Tachinidae and ants (ordo Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. In general, the morphological and phenological characteristics of the flower allow self pollination to occur successfully. Floral assessment using Cruden's Outcrossing Index showed that the flower is self-compatible.

  16. Pärnu Kontserdimaja : Pärnu, Aida tn. 4 / Katrin Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koov, Katrin, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Projekteerija: COO Arhitektid. Arhitektid-sisekujundajad Hanno Grossschmidt, Kaire Nõmm, Katrin Koov. Konstruktor: Inseneribüroo Pike OÜ. Projekt: jaanuar 2002, valmis: november 2002. I ja II korruse plaan, 2 välis- ja 3 sisevaadet

  17. Aerosols in Danish air (AIDA). Mid-term report 2000-2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palmgren, F.; Waehlin, P.; Berkowicz, R.; Ketzel, M.; Illerup, J.B.; Nielsen, M.; Winther, M.; Glasius, M.; Jensen, B.

    2003-10-01

    In year 2000 the Danish Parliament decided to fund a four-year particle research programme, which should include characterization of physical and chemical properties of the particles in Denmark and their sources and also assess the adverse health effects and the socio-economic impact in the Danish society. The overall objective of the particle programme is to provide new and broader knowledge in Denmark on the health effect of atmospheric particles with the aim to develop strategies to reduce the adverse health effect of man-made and natural sources. The activities should be closely related to other activities in Denmark and internationally. Specifically National Environmental Research Institute (NERI) shall investigate emissions, size distributions, chemical composition, transformation and dispersion of particles. The present report is the mid-term report on the activities at NERI, and is a summary oef the experimental results, analysis of particle in relation to sources - especially road traffic - and the papers published in connection with the programme. (au)

  18. Numerical simulations of homogeneous freezing processes in the aerosol chamber AIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Haag

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available The homogeneous freezing of supercooled H2SO4/H2O aerosols in an aerosol chamber is investigated with a microphysical box model using the activity parameterization of the nucleation rate by Koop et al (2000. The simulations are constrained by measurements of pressure, temperature, total water mixing ratio, and the initial aerosol size distribution, described in a companion paper Möhler et al. (2002. Model results are compared to measurements conducted in the temperature range between 194 and 235 K, with cooling rates in the range between 0.5 and 2.6 K min-1, and at air pressures between 170 and 1000 hPa. The simulations focus on the time history of relative humidity with respect to ice, aerosol size distribution, partitioning of water between gas and particle phase, onset times of freezing, freezing threshold relative humidities, aerosol chemical composition at the onset of freezing, and the number of nucleated ice crystals. The latter three parameters can directly be inferred from the experiments, the former three aid in interpreting the measurements. Sensitivity studies are carried out to address the relative importance of uncertainties of basic quantities such as temperature, H2O mixing ratio, aerosol size spectrum, and deposition coefficient of H2O molecules on ice. The ability of the numerical simulations to provide detailed explanations of the observations greatly increases confidence in attempts to model this process under real  atmospheric conditions, for instance with regard to the formation of cirrus clouds or type-II polar stratospheric clouds, provided that accurate temperature and humidity measurements are available.

  19. Numerical simulations of homogeneous freezing processes in the aerosol chamber AIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Haag

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The homogeneous freezing of supercooled H2SO4/H2O aerosols in an aerosol chamber is investigated with a microphysical box model using the activity parameterization of the nucleation rate by Koop et al. (2000. The simulations are constrained by measurements of pressure, temperature, total water mixing ratio, and the initial aerosol size distribution, described in a companion paper Möhler et al. (2003. Model results are compared to measurements conducted in the temperature range between 194 and 235 K, with cooling rates in the range between 0.5 and 2.6 K min-1, and at air pressures between 170 and 1000 hPa. The simulations focus on the time history of relative humidity with respect to ice, aerosol size distribution, partitioning of water between gas and particle phase, onset times of freezing, freezing threshold relative humidities, aerosol chemical composition at the onset of freezing, and the number of nucleated ice crystals. The latter four parameters can be inferred from the experiments, the former three aid in interpreting the measurements. Sensitivity studies are carried out to address the relative importance of uncertainties of basic quantities such as temperature, total H2O mixing ratio, aerosol size spectrum, and deposition coefficient of H2O molecules on ice. The ability of the numerical simulations to provide detailed explanations of the observations greatly increases confidence in attempts to model this process under real atmospheric conditions, for instance with regard to the formation of cirrus clouds or polar stratospheric ice clouds, provided that accurate temperature and humidity measurements are available.

  20. Pärnu kontserdimaja : Aida 4, Pärnu / Piret Lindpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindpere, Piret, 1963-

    2003-01-01

    Arhitektid: Kaire Nõmm, Katrin Koov, Hanno grossschmidt. Kontserdimaja tehnilistest võimalustest. Peale pikliku kujuga peasaali on kontserdimajas black-box tüüpi kammersaal. Hoonesse on majutatud ka muusikakool, linnaorkester ja linnagalerii. 2 välis ja 3 sisevaadet

  1. Trajectories of Japanese and South Korean Environmental Aid:A Comparative Historical Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Tonami, Aki; Müller, Anders Riel

    2014-01-01

    Environmental aid has become a major component of development aid. We analyzed the contingent characters of environmental aid of Japan and South Korea using the definition of Williams, which regards aid policy as donor driven and autobiographical of the donor agencies and societies from which they sprang. Both Japan and South Korea consider environmental aid as an important tool of their diplomacy. A combination of a moral obligation and domestic, international, political, and economic intere...

  2. Studi Perencanaan Program Interpretasi Alam Pada Jalur Trekking Hutan Pendidikan USU, Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Barisan Kabupaten Karo

    OpenAIRE

    Saragih, Devita

    2015-01-01

    Educational Forest of North Sumatera has many interesting objects in spite of it have not had development activity yet that can support Educational Forest of North Sumatera University as a ecotourism region. Therefore, a research about nature interpretation programme had been conducted at track of Educational Forest of USU in July – Agustus 2012. The research is conducted by explaining each interesting object and to decide forward factors and obstacle factors that have influence at Educationa...

  3. ANALISIS DAMPAK PELAKSANAAN CAR FREE DAY DI KOTA DENPASAR Studi kasus: Jalan Raya Puputan Niti Mandala Renon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Putu Decy Arwini

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Renon area is the center of the goverment system of Bali province. As one of the main street in Denpasar city, this street can represent the characteristics of Denpasar city which is the Car Free Day  was held in in every Sunday morning in this street, as a simple way to reduce the air pollution and noise. The calculation in this journal is road performance, air pollution and noise level for 2 condition that is in Car Free Day and in working day. From the calculation result of road performance, the capacity of the street is 4.110 pcu/hour with degree of saturation is 0,8. The level of street service is on D category where the flow is almost unstable with high volume of traffic. The traffic volume is mostly reached the capacity and delay is frequently occur in this street. The measurement process of the level of air pollution showed that from six parameter which tested were over all are still under the standard quality which is allowed as good and medium category. The Sulfur dioksida (SO2 which was measured in busy day showed the improvement about 6,78% from the measurement which is done in Car Free Day. The nitrogen dioksida showed the improvement for about 36,35% , the carbon monoksida also showed the improvement for about 366,25%, the total dust had the greatest improvement  for about  599,95% or six time greater rather than the level of total dust in Car Free Day. In the other hand, oxidantshowed the improvement for about 28,75%.The noises which occured in Car Free Day showed  the average level of dB(Ais 61,65 whereas in workdays showed 72,77 dB(A. At 07.30 until 07.45  in the morning , the maximum level of noises occurs in Car Free Day and in work day. The noises improvement which occured when the Car Free Day was held with workday is about 19,17%.

  4. Applications of δ2H and δ18O to Understand the Groundwater System in the Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study area is located in the northern part of Ethiopia, Horn of Africa. It is Bounded by NW Ethiopian plateau in the west and Afar rift to the east. The study area is intermountain with volcanic rock and the graben is covered with thick sediments. The average elevation for the highland is 2200 m a.s.l, where as average elevation for the central graben and eastern highland is 1600m a.s.l. Bimodal rainfall pattern is observed in the study area. The western highland is classified as humid and the central graben is semiarid climatic condition based on UNESCO, 1979. Primary data collected during the field work includes Rainfall samples, Lake Sample, Deep well samples, Hand dug well samples, and others. Systematic sampling of water for Isotopic analysis. Secondary Isotopic data is adopted from previous study Mamo, 2007. All samples were analysed by Liquid Water Isotope analyser for oxygen-18 and deuterium in the Isotope Hydrology Laboratory of Addis Ababa University.

  5. KARAKTERISTIK DAN VIABILITAS BIJI GAHARU (Aquilaria microcarpa Baill.) DARI TANAMAN KOLEKSI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

    OpenAIRE

    Sri Wahyuni

    2008-01-01

    The characteristics and viability of agarwood (Aquilaria microcarpa Baill.) seed from the Bogor Botanic Garden's collection was investigated. Two batches of seed from intact mature fruit and dehisced mature fruit were tested for viability using germination and tetrazolium test methods. The result showed that although the tetrazolium test indicated a similar level of seed viability between the two batches (i.e. 85 — 93 %), the germination capacity of seed batch derived from dehisced fru,it was...

  6. Las investigaciones sobre turismo de observación de tiburones y rayas en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel De la Cruz Modino

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The results of the projects “Study on Economic Benefits of Shark Diving in Canary Islands (Part I” and “Overview and Economic Impact of the Activities of Diving with Chondrichthyan in Canary Islands” haven been recently presented. Both studies were developed at the University of La Laguna (Tenerife, Spain in collaboration with the English consulting New Economics Foundation (NEF. The research included the analysis of the economic benefits related with the presence of these animals and the development of diving activities, and about the attractiveness or interest of these animals for tourism. The final document, entitled “Diving with sharks and rays in Spain: Analysis of its potential in Spain and the economic benefits of the activity in the Canary Islands” (De la Cruz Modino, Esteban et al. 2010, defended the economic value of a variety of species of cartilaginous fish from a contemplative and non-extractive perspective.

  7. Efektivitas Pelaksanaan Program Bimbingan Keterampilan Di Panti Sosial Karya Wanita (Pskw) Ruhui Rahayu Kota Palangka Raya Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah

    OpenAIRE

    Debora,, Sicco

    2015-01-01

    Social welfare is a state of fulfillment of a decent life for every community in Indonesia, so that people are able to develop themselves and their social function. Implementation of handling social welfare in Women Prone Socioeconomic and Ex women prostitutes through kepantian system is a process through the alleviation of Social Welfare: Phase Rehabilitation, resocialization, and Guidance Advanced. This study aims to determine how the Guidance Program Effectiveness Skills in coaching Prone ...

  8. Lista patrón de los tiburones, rayas y quimeras (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii, Holocephali de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Del Moral-Flores, L. F.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Checklist of sharks, rays and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii, Holocephali from Mexico We present an annotated checklist of the species of sharks, rays and chimaeras (chondrichthyan fishes occurring in Mexican waters, based on a thorough review of the literature and electronic database searches, examination of museum collection specimens, and unpublished records obtained during fieldwork conducted in the last four years. The checklist contains information of at least 214 species of chondrichthyan fishes that occur in Mexican marine and brackish waters, assigned to 84 genera, 40 families and 14 orders. It includes eight species of chimaeras, 95 batoids and 111 sharks. Condrichthyan fauna in Mexico is one of the richest in the world, with almost 17.3% of the known species. An additional 16 species are included as their occurrence in Mexican marine waters is probable according to distributional patterns.

  9. Eksplorasi Tumbuhan Beracun Sebagai Biopestisida pada Kawasan Hutan Lindung Simancik II di Taman Hutan Raya Bukit Barisan

    OpenAIRE

    Sinuraya, Benyamin Osenta

    2014-01-01

    Protected Forest Simancik II of Tahura Bukit Barisan has high plant diversity. The plant diversity is important source of chemical compound that need to be explored. Therefore, this study was did to exploring poisonous plants that contained in that area. This study aimed to identify the species of poisonous plants, analyze the secondary metabolites of the poisonous plants and analyze the cultivation raising opportunities of the poisonous plants and the potential benefits as biopesticide. The...

  10. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PROJECT-BASED LEARNING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BAHASA INGGRIS SISWA PONPES MODERN DI MALANG RAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhartatik Suhartatik

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available English is taught in Modern Islamic Boarding School  as one of  language competences must be mastered by the students  beside Arabic. The teachers find  difficulties to implement  learning models that make the students to be active  and  the students need others learning variation.  Research and Development (R & D design is used in this  research  that aim  to produce the development of “Project Based-Learning Model” plus VCD to improve the Students' English Ability of Modern Islamic Boarding School at Malang Area. The model of development is adopted by  Borg and Gall Model  starting from collecting information,  development of initial product, 1st expert validation, 1st  product revision, 2nd expert validation, 2nd product revision, tryout, and final product. The Experts’ English Material validation conclude that formulation of learning objective, content, material selection for development of “Project Based-Learning Model” have got category of  Excellent. The validation of the Expert of Media  conclude that final product of VCD have been appropriated  with the aspects  of  learning media that are feasible to be applied.

  11. RANCANGAN TEMPAT DAN GEROBAK SAMPAH UNTUK PERBAIKAN SISTEM PENGUMPULAN SAMPAH DI TAMAN HUTAN RAYA (TAHURA IR. H. DJUANDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catharina Badra Nawangpalupi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tahura Juanda (Tahura is a forest park located between the city of Bandung, West Bandung Regency and Regency Bandung. It has a role to preserve the city environment.  Number of visitors in Tahura made the Tahura need to have a good waste management system.  Optimal waste management system can be achieved, if garbage collection and removal equipment work well, such is the place and garbage carts. Based on observation, the condition of the premises and garbage carts are less good. Therefore, it is needed to redesign the place and garbage carts through the whole process of product development. The study was conducted by identifying the needs of the janitor, Tahura management staff, and visitors. Identifications produce seven types of trash and five types garbage carts requirements, which will be the basis in developing the concept. The process of developing the concept of trash and garbage carts done using a combination tables and SCAMPER process. All concepts are selected by screening matrix concept and assessment concepts, to pick the concept of trash and garbage cart.

  12. Leaf anatomy of Pandanus spp. (Pandanaceae) from Sebangau and Bukit Baka-Bukit Raya National Park, Kalimantan, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Eka Fatmawati Tihurua; Ina Erlinawati

    2014-01-01

    Cross sections of leaves of Pandanus spp. showed that their leaf anatomy is similar, whilst paradermal sections indicated that crystal numbers differ. Variation was found in the anticlinal epidermal cell walls, stomata, hypodermis, sclerenchyma, mesophyll and crystals, as discussed in this paper. 

  13. Opinion climates and immigrant political action: A cross-national study of 25 European democracies / Aida Just, Christopher J. Anderson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Just, Aida

    2014-01-01

    Artiklis esitatakse immigrantide poliitilise tegevuse mudel, mis ühendab individuaalse motivatsiooni olla poliitilised hõivatud kontekstiga, milles see tegevus leiab aset, aluseks 25 riigi (sh Eesti) Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu andmed aastatest 2002 kuni 2010

  14. A preliminary assessment of asteroid shapes produced by impact disruption and re-creation: Application to the AIDA target.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnouin, Olivier; Michel, Patrick; Richardson, Derek

    2016-04-01

    In order to understand the origin of the 65803 Didymos, the target of the Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment mission, and gain insights on the origin and evolution of the asteroid's162173 Ryugu and 101955 Bennu, we investigate systematically the shapes of all re-accumulated fragments produced by the catastrophic disruption of a parent body that is 1 km in diameter or larger. These new fragments eventually become new asteroids of the size that current sample-return missions plan to explore. We choose a range of impact conditions by varying the parent bodies' strength, size and porosity, and the velocity and size of the projectile. Impact conditions range from near the catastrophic threshold, usually designated by Q*, where half of the target's mass escapes, to far greater values above this threshold. Our numerical investigations of the catastrophic disruption, which are undertaken using an SPH hydrocode, include a model of fragmentation for porous materials. The gravitationally dominated phase of reaccumulation of our asteroids is computed using the N-body code pkdgrav. At sufficiently slow impact speeds in the N-body model, particles are permitted to stick, forming irregular, competent pieces that can gather into non-idealized rubble piles as a result of re-accumulation. Shape and spin information of re-accumulated bodies are thus preserved. Due to numerical expense, this first study uses what we call a hard-sphere model, rather than a soft-sphere spring and dashpot model. This latter model is more commonly used in granular flow simulations for which detailed treatment of the multicontact physics is needed, which is not the case here, and comes at the expense of much smaller timesteps. With the hard-sphere model, there are three supported collision outcomes for bonded aggregates: sticking on contact (to grow the aggregate); bouncing (computed for these generally non-central impacts); and fragmentation (wherein the particles involved become detached from their respective aggregates and proceed to bounce as rigid spheres, possibly releasing more particles). We adjusted the strength of the forming aggregates to the measured strength of materials in the lab, scaled to the aggregate size, by using strength size scaling rules. In the future we expect to compare our hard-sphere models to a few soft-sphere for reasonable granular materials to best characterize differences between the two approaches, if any. Our results indicate that while 25143 Itokawa-like potato-shaped asteroids are typically the outcome of disruption, often more spherical or "top-shaped" asteroids can also be produced. Our results confirm what others have already noted, namely that a "top-shaped" or diamond shaped asteroid is not necessarily the result of the formation of YORP spin-up. Other criteria besides just shape need to be developed to determine whether or not the evolution of an asteroid and its surface geology have been dominated by YORP-related processes or by impact-derived re-accretion.

  15. El problema de la verdad y la ficción en la novela y el cine históricos : a propósito de Lope de Aguirre

    OpenAIRE

    Henríquez Vásquez, Rodrigo

    2005-01-01

    El objetivo del texto es cuestionar el concepto de ficción y verdad histórica utilizado por algunos autores para analizar los vínculos entre el cine histórico y la novela histórica. Dichos vínculos parten de ciertas premisas narrativistas que exacerban la separación entre verdad y ficción en las narraciones históricas. Analizaremos esos argumentos en función de un ejemplo narrativo con el fin de caracterizar los límites de la ficción y la verdad en los relatos históricos. Para ello, y a parti...

  16. Perbedaan Cara Mengatasi Stres dalam Aktivitas Belajar antara Remaja Laki-laki dan Perempuan di SMA Plus Pematang Raya kabupaten Simalungun.

    OpenAIRE

    Sinaga, Christina

    2011-01-01

    Stres merupakan fenomena universal, dimana semua orang mengalaminya, demikian juga dengan remaja. Masa remaja merupakan masa perkembangan transisi antara masa anak dan dewasa yang mencakup perubahan biologis, kognitif dan sosial-emosional. Sumber stres pada remaja laki-laki dan perempuan pada umumnya sama, namun dampak beban ini berbeda pada remaja perempuan dan laki-laki. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain deskriptif komperatif yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan cara mengatasi stres da...

  17. KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS-JENIS TANAMAN KOLEKSI DI KEBUN RAYA PURWODADI, BALI DAN CIBODAS YANG DISERANG BENALU Dendrophthoe pentandra (L. Miq. (LORANTHACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunaryo Sunaryo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Botanic Garden represents an ecosystem area in which parasitic plants such as mistletoes are also incorporated. Mistletoe of Dendrophthoe pentandra (L. Miq. (Loranthaceae was a parasite of various plants cultivated in Botanic Gardens of Purwodadi, Bali, and Cibodas. The mistletoe attacked 143 host species which included in 48 plant families in those three Botanic Gardens. The most attacked host plants were belong to family Moraceae, especially Ficus spp., following by members of Myrtaceae, especially Syzygium spp. The ability to become parasite of various plants species assured that mistletoe of D. pentandra did not chosen certain host plants. The parasitic study of mistletoe D. pentandra is also reported in this paper.

  18. TINGKAT KERUSAKAN DAN STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN TAMAN HUTAN RAYA “PROF. IR. HERMAN JOHANNES” DI DESA KOTABES KECAMATAN AMARASI KABUPATEN KUPANG NTT

    OpenAIRE

    Nixon Rammang; M.S. Mahendra; Budiarsa Suyasa

    2015-01-01

    Prof. Ir. Herman Johannes Forest Park has suffered a serious damage from illegal logging and other destructives activities. This condition is worsened by lack of law enforcement and awareness on the importance of forest for the community. This study aims to determine level of damage from illegal logging, and formulate strategies to sustainably manageon the Prof. Ir. Herman Johannes Forest Park. Public perception was obtained by administering questionnaires and interviews through a purposive s...

  19. TINGKAT KERUSAKAN DAN STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN TAMAN HUTAN RAYA “PROF. IR. HERMAN JOHANNES” DI DESA KOTABES KECAMATAN AMARASI KABUPATEN KUPANG NTT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nixon Rammang

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Prof. Ir. Herman Johannes Forest Park has suffered a serious damage from illegal logging and other destructives activities. This condition is worsened by lack of law enforcement and awareness on the importance of forest for the community. This study aims to determine level of damage from illegal logging, and formulate strategies to sustainably manageon the Prof. Ir. Herman Johannes Forest Park. Public perception was obtained by administering questionnaires and interviews through a purposive sampling method. The level of damage from illegal logging was assessed through identificationand measurement of damaged locations.SWOT analysis was used to formulate the management strategiesbased on identification of internal and external factors. Findings revealed that 5% of Prof. Ir. Herman Johannes Forest Park were damaged caused by illegal logging. The management of the Forest Park was challenged by illegal logging, forest encroachment, timber extraction for household use, slashing and burning practices, poor spatial planning, ineffective institutional arrangement, wildlife poaching, illegal grazing,and inadequate facilitates and staffs capability. In addition, there was lack of community involvement in the forest management. Aspects that appeared to require the most attention to improve the Forest Park includes consolidation of status and functions of the Forest Park, enhancement of surveillance and enforcement, improvement of the management effectiveness by establishing special division to manage the Forest Park, improvement of staffs capacity and infrastructures, rehabilitation of the damaged area, improvement of awareness to the impact of deforestation, and involvement ofindigenous and local communities on the Forest Park management (i.e. community-based forest monitoring, application of local wisdom in the forest management, community empowerment and economic development.

  20. Viljandi mõisa aida kohandamine Eesti Pärimusmuusika Keskuseks = Renovation of the Viljandi manor's storehouse into the Estonian Traditional Music Centre / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    Hoone arhitektuuriajaloolised eritingimused koostas Anne Lass, arhitekt on Raivo Mämdmaa, sisearhitekt Kersti Leinbock, konstruktor Hans Priks, sepiste autor Heigo Jelle. Hoonel on klaasist juurdeehitis. Žürii hinnang kultuurkapitali aastapreemiale esitatud sisekujundusele

  1. BOTANIC GARDEN NETWORKS AND THEIR RELEVANCE TO PLANT CONSERVATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bian Tan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Jejaring (network merupakan salah satu aspek penting dalam pengelolaan kebun raya, khususnya untuk mendukung implementasi fungsi kebun raya di bidang konservasi, penelitian, pendidikan lingkungan dan peragaan (display. Dalam the "Global Strategy for Plant Conservation" digarisbawahi tentang perlunya upaya memperkuat atau membangun jejaring kegiatan konservasi tumbuhan di tingkat nasional, regional maupun internasional. Beberapa contoh jejaring yang telah berhasil dikembangkan dikemukakan dalam tulisan ini. Dibangunnya kebun raya-kebun raya barn di berbagai daerah di Indonesia juga membutuhkan jejaring guna memperkuat komunikasi di antara kebun rays di Indonesia maupun dengan kebun rays di belahan bumi lainnya.

  2. Pärimusmuusika ait pakub kontserte ja koolitusi / Jaanika Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Jaanika

    2009-01-01

    Pärimusmuusika Aidas toimuvatest üritustest avalike suhete juhi Rannar Raba sõnul: novembri keskel etenduvast Silver Sepa tantsuetendusest "Tantsumasin", kord kuus toimuvatest kinoõhtutest, Aidas tegutsevast August Pulsti õpistust

  3. Analisis Kadar Nitrogen Dioksida (NO2) Dan Particulate Matter 10 (PM10) Udara Ambien Dan Keluhan Kesehatan Pada Pedagang Kaki Lima Di Sepanjang Jalan Raya Kelurahan Lalang Kecamatan Medan Sunggal Tahun 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Tarigan, Henny Pradipta Br.

    2015-01-01

    Main road is the road that connecting one region with another. Kelurahan Lalang Kecamatan Medan Sunggal highway was the gateway for transportation that derived from Deli Serdang, Binjai, Langkat, and other cities to Medan. Transportation activities will generate positive impacts and negative impact. One of the negative impact is in form of air pollution. The research is aimed to know that levels of nitrogen dioxide ( NO2 ) and particulate matter ( PM10 ) air ambient and cadger health com...

  4. Reproductive parameters of the southern stingray Dasyatis americana in southern gulf of Mexico Parámetros reproductivos de la raya látigo americana Dasyatis americana en el sur del golfo de México

    OpenAIRE

    Edith Ramírez-Mosqueda; Juan Carlos Pérez-Jiménez; Manuel Mendoza-Carranza

    2012-01-01

    The southern stingray Dasyatis americana (Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928) is the most landed elasmobranch by small-scale fleets in southern gulf of Mexico. However, little is known of its life history parameters in this region. In this study, a total of 900 specimens were collected from February 2006 to December 2008 to determine the reproductive parameters needed for population assessments by means of ecological risk assessments or demographic analysis. Results suggested that females of D. ame...

  5. El estado actual de los tiburones y rayas sujectos a explotación comercial en el Golfo de California: una investigación aplicada al mejoramiento de su manejo pesquero y conservación

    OpenAIRE

    Bizzarro, Joseph J.; Smith, Wade D.; Hueter, Robert E.; Tyminski, John; Márquez– Farías, J. Fernando; Castillo–Géniz, J. Leonardo; Cailliet, Gregor M.; Villavicencio–Garayzar, Carlos J.

    2009-01-01

    Se realizaron prospecciones estacionales durante 1998–1999 en Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora y Sinaloa para determinar la dimensión y las actividades de las pesquerías artesanales de elasmobranquios dentro del Golfo de California. Ciento cuarenta y siete campamentos o sitios pesqueros fueron documentados, la mayoría de los cuales (n= 83) fueron localizados en Baja California Sur. Entre los campamentos con información pesquera adecuada, la gran mayoría (85.7%) pescaron elasmobran...

  6. Library consortia in France [Paper presented at the AIDA-ECIA international seminar: Electronic publications. A problem of quality and access. Siena, Certosa di Pontignano, 1999-10-05

    OpenAIRE

    Battisti, Michèle

    1999-01-01

    The concept of consortium has been expanding in the United States since the beginning of the 1990's as a way to confront the tremendous increase of subscription costs to electronic journals. This increase was due to monopoly abuse. The widespread dissemination of electronic journals will lead to the following developments: author's right - different from copyright - but both will be excluded by contract law; document consultation and not document preservation could become the sole object of n...

  7. Multicentre open-label randomised controlled trial to compare colistin alone with colistin plus meropenem for the treatment of severe infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative infections (AIDA): a study protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickstein, Yaakov; Leibovici, Leonard; Yahav, Dafna; Eliakim-Raz, Noa; Daikos, George L; Skiada, Anna; Antoniadou, Anastasia; Carmeli, Yehuda; Nutman, Amir; Levi, Inbar; Adler, Amos; Durante-Mangoni, Emanuele; Andini, Roberto; Cavezza, Giusi; Mouton, Johan W; Wijma, Rixt A; Theuretzbacher, Ursula; Friberg, Lena E; Kristoffersson, Anders N; Zusman, Oren; Koppel, Fidi; Dishon Benattar, Yael; Altunin, Sergey; Paul, Mical

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has driven renewed interest in older antibacterials, including colistin. Previous studies have shown that colistin is less effective and more toxic than modern antibiotics. In vitro synergy studies and clinical observational studies suggest a benefit of combining colistin with a carbapenem. A randomised controlled study is necessary for clarification. Methods and analysis This is a multicentre, investigator-initiated, open-label, randomised controlled superiority 1:1 study comparing colistin monotherapy with colistin–meropenem combination therapy for infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. The study is being conducted in 6 centres in 3 countries (Italy, Greece and Israel). We include patients with hospital-associated and ventilator-associated pneumonia, bloodstream infections and urosepsis. The primary outcome is treatment success at day 14, defined as survival, haemodynamic stability, stable or improved respiratory status for patients with pneumonia, microbiological cure for patients with bacteraemia and stability or improvement of the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score. Secondary outcomes include 14-day and 28-day mortality as well as other clinical end points and safety outcomes. A sample size of 360 patients was calculated on the basis of an absolute improvement in clinical success of 15% with combination therapy. Outcomes will be assessed by intention to treat. Serum colistin samples are obtained from all patients to obtain population pharmacokinetic models. Microbiological sampling includes weekly surveillance samples with analysis of resistance mechanisms and synergy. An observational trial is evaluating patients who met eligibility requirements but were not randomised in order to assess generalisability of findings. Ethics and dissemination The study was approved by ethics committees at each centre and informed consent will be obtained for all patients. The trial is being performed under the auspices of an independent data and safety monitoring committee and is included in a broad dissemination strategy regarding revival of old antibiotics. Trial registration number NCT01732250 and 2012-004819-31; Pre-results. PMID:27098822

  8. Metacercarias del tipo Paramonilicaecum (Digenea: Didymozoidae), parásitos accidentales de elasmobranquios (Elasmobranchii) del golfo de México e identificación de metacercarias (Didymozoidae) de la Colección Nacional de Helmintos Metacercariae of the type Paramonilicaecum (Digenea: Didymozoidae), accidental parasites in elasmobranchs (Elasmobranchii) from the Mexican Gulf of Mexico and identification of metacercarias (Didymozoidae) of the Colección Nacional de Helmintos

    OpenAIRE

    Erick Rodríguez-Ibarra; Scott Monks; Griselda Pulido-Flores

    2011-01-01

    Como parte de un estudio sobre los helmintos parásitos de rayas (Elasmobranchii), se colectaron 12 ejemplares en 3 localidades del estado de Veracruz, México: Laguna de Tamiahua, Laguna de Tampamachoco y un arrecife de la costa del golfo de México. Se encontraron metacercarias identificadas como parásitos accidentales del tipo Paramonilicaecum (Digenea: Didymozoidae) en la válvula espiral de Dasyatis say (raya látigo chata), Gymnura micrura (raya cola de rata) y Rhinobatus lentiginosus (guita...

  9. Mental Models of Communication and Television Advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Nothnagel, Detlev; Aguirre, Gilda Vera

    2005-01-01

    In their paper, "Mental Models of Communication and Television Advertising," Detlev Nothnagel and Gilda Vera Aguirre discuss the question whether and if so, how and to what extent television advertisement spots differ cross-culturally. In contrast to the majority of studies on this topic, Nothnagel and Aguirre concentrate on a protocol-based formal analysis that is statistically oriented. In a more general perspective, the relation between face-to-face communication and communication mediated...

  10. Kolm eesti mängufilmi Stockholmi filmifestivalil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Stockholmi X filmifestivalil 11.-21.nov. 1999 eriprogrammis Northen Lights linastuvad Eestist "Ristumine peateega", "Kõrbekuu" ja "Aida". Selle programmi hindajate hulka kuulub ajakirjanikuna Jaak Kilmi

  11. KELAS MENENGAH, UMNO DAN INTELIGENSIA: TENTANGAN DOMINASI POLITIK BUMIPUTERA ISLAM DI SARAWAK (MIDDLE CLASS, UMNO AND INTELLIGENTSIA: CONTESTING THE MUSLIM BUMIPUTERA'S POLITICAL DOMINATION IN SARAWAK)

    OpenAIRE

    Faisal S. Hazis

    2011-01-01

    Barisan Nasional mulai mendominasi politik Sarawak setelah pemimpin bumiputera Islam mengambil alih tampuk pemerintahan negeri daripada pemimpin Iban selepas pilihan raya 1970. Di bawah teraju pemimpin bumiputera Islam ini, Barisan Nasional berjaya menguasai setiap pilihan raya negeri dan parlimen yang diadakan sejak tahun 1970 hingga 2008. Walaupun parti pembangkang melancarkan tentangan sengit pada lewat 1970-an dan pertengahan 1980-an, pemimpin bumiputera Islam ini berjaya mengatasinya unt...

  12. Relocation as Empowerment: Response, Welfare, and Life Quality of Street Vendors After Relocation

    OpenAIRE

    Eko Handoyo; Nur Ranika Widyaningrum

    2015-01-01

    Keberadaan PKL di sepanjang jalan raya Magelang-Yogyakarta km 5-8 menyebabkan terganggunya kelancaran, ketertiban, keindahan dan kebersihan jalan. Untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan tersebut, pemerintah Kabupaten Magelang merelokasi PKL di sepanjang jalan raya Magelang-Yogyakarta km 5-8 ke PKL Mertoyudan Corner. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis bagaimana respons, kesejahteraan, dan kualitas hidup PKL pasca relokasi untuk melihat praktik pemberdayaan yang efektif. Penelitian ini m...

  13. Istana Bogor: An approach for restoration and a proposal for a new function of Bogor Palace Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Wieringa, P.C.; Van Dun, P.; Gill, R.

    1989-01-01

    This report contains a review of the historical background of the Bogor Palace and a technical inventarization and identification of its architecture. It further elaborates on the feasibility of new uses and their impact on the existing situation of the Palace as a building and on its setting in Kebun Raya, the Botanical Garden. Finally it will contain directions for the conservation of the surrounding urban environment adjacent to the Palace and Kebun Raya.

  14. PENILAIAN PROPERTI DI SURABAYA PADA PERUMAHAN PAKUWON INDAH GRAHA FAMILI DAN CITRARAYA (Studi Kasus pada ERA Tjandra II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Njo Anastasia

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In the same area, the land price had variation caused land characteristics. That is internal factor (lot size, frontage, wide of road, and facing and factor external (economic, politic, and social. This research discusses the market value of property in Pakuwon Indah, Graha Famili, and CitraRaya housing estates with regression model to reduce valuer subjectivity based on internal factor. The result showed at Pakuwon Indah, wide of road influenced the market value of land. At Graha Famili and CitraRaya, market value of land influenced by the lot size and wide of road. The market value of housing at CitraRaya influenced by size of building, number of bedroom, facing to the west and to the east, marble floor quality, and story of building. The other result showed that difference market value indication and listing price at Pakuwon Indah and Graha Famili about 11%-12%, but at CitraRaya the difference is 1%.. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Dalam kawasan yang sama, harga tanah dapat bervariasi disebabkan karakteristik tanah tersebut yaitu faktor internal (luas tanah, frontage, lebar jalan, dan arah hadap dan faktor eksternal (kondisi ekonomi, politik dan sosial. Penelitian ini bertujuan mencari indikasi nilai pasar properti di perumahan Pakuwon Indah, Graha Famili, dan CitraRaya dengan model regresi untuk mengurangi subyektifitas penilai berdasarkan faktor internal. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan di Pakuwon Indah, lebar jalan mempengaruhi nilai tanah. Di Graha Famili dan CitraRaya nilai tanah dipengaruhi oleh luas tanah dan lebar jalan. Sedangkan untuk nilai rumah di CitraRaya dipengaruhi oleh luas bangunan, jumlah kamar tidur, hadap rumah ke Barat dan Timur, kualitas lantai marmer, dan tingkat bangunan. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan adanya perbedaan 11%-12% antara indikasi nilai pasar dengan harga listing untuk tanah di Pakuwon Indah dan Graha Famili, sedangkan untuk rumah di CitraRaya terjadi perbedaaan sekitar 1%. Kata kunci: faktor internal

  15. Pärastlõuna Eesti filmiga / Andres Maimik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    1999-01-01

    Eesti-Läti lühifilmikassett "Sellised kolm lugu", mis sisaldab Ervin Õunapuu "Kuu" ("Kõrbekuu"), Askolds Saulitise "Tristan ja Isolde" ja Peeter Simmi "Aida". Siiri Timmermann, Arbo Tammiksaar, Juhan Ulfsak ja autor avaldavad muljeid eelkõige "Aida" kohta

  16. Muusika / DJ Pickney Tiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Pickney Tiger, pseud., 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Kontsertidest: ansamblid Haydamaky ja Svjata Vatra 14. nov. Tallinnas Amigos ja 15. nov.Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas, 11. nov. Anzori Barkalaja ja Silver Sepp Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas, üritustest Roll & Bass, Rock ja Roll 29. nov. Tartus, Jõulujazz 29. nov. -16. dets., Tricky 20. nov. Tallinnas Rock Cafés

  17. Genomic Amplifications Cause False Positives in CRISPR Screens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheel, Ankur; Xue, Wen

    2016-08-01

    In CRISPR-based screens for essential genes, Munoz and colleagues and Aguirre and colleagues show that gene-independent targeting of genomic amplifications in human cancer cell lines reduces proliferation or survival. The correlation between CRISPR target site copy number and lethality demonstrates the need for scrutiny and complementary approaches to rule out off-target effects and false positives in CRISPR screens. Cancer Discov; 6(8); 824-6. ©2016 AACR.See related article by Munoz et al., p. 900See related article by Aguirre et al., p. 914. PMID:27485003

  18. AN INVENTORY OF Fissidens spp. (Fissidentaceae, Bryophyta IN CIBODAS BOTANIC GARDEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Aditya Putri Iskandar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Inventarisasi Fissidens spp. (Fissidentaceae, Bryophyta di Kebun Raya Cibodas telah dilakukan. Pengoleksian dilakukan pada blok-blok yang ada di Kebun Raya Cibodas dan karakteristik dari setiap lokasi pengoleksian dicatat. Sebanyak enam puluh tujuh koleksi berhasil dikumpulkan dan diidentifikasi, yang mencakup 40% dari jenis-jenis yang disebutkan oleh Fleischer (1900-1902. Kunci determinasi menuju jenis-jenis Fissidens disajikan pula. Tiga jenis catatan baru dari Cibodas dilaporkan pada makalah ini, yaitu F. perpusillus, F. bryoides subsp. schmidii dan F. obscurirete.

  19. August Pulsti õpistu jagab teadmisi pärimusmuusikast / Sofia Joons

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joons, Sofia, 1972-

    2009-01-01

    Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas tegutsev vabahariduskool August Pulsti Õpistu korraldab õpetajatele, kasvatajatele ja huvijuhtidele mitmesuguseid kursusi, mis aitavad süvendada tutvust Eesti muusikalise pärandiga

  20. Tere tulemast August Pulsti õpistusse! / Sofia Joons

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joons, Sofia, 1972-

    2012-01-01

    Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas tegutsev vabahariduskool August Pulsti Õpistu korraldab õpetajatele, kasvatajatele, õpilastele ja huvijuhtidele mitmesuguseid kursusi, mille peamine eesmärk on lihtsustada teekonda pärimusmuusika juurde

  1. [Pärimusmuusika õppesse...] / Sofia Joons

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joons, Sofia, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    7. mail pärimusmuusikat õppivate laste ja noorte 2. võistumängimine Viljandi pärimusmuusika aidas lubab loota, et pärimusmuusika on leidnud endale uue elukeskkonna Eesti muusika- ja huvikoolides

  2. Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy: Recent advances in the understanding of the molecular pathogenic mechanisms and treatment strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Abu-Baker, Aida; Rouleau, Guy A.

    2007-01-01

    Center for the Study of Brain Diseases, CHUM Research Center-Notre Dame Hospital - J.A. de Seve Pavillion--> , Room Y-3633--> , 1560--> , Sherbrooke Street East--> , Montreal--> , QC--> , H2L 4M1--> - CANADA (Abu-Baker, Aida)

  3. Estonia uus hooaeg pühendub lastele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Rahvusooper Estonia 99. hooaja alustamisest 10. sept. kontsert-salvestusega "Mare ja tema poeg", ooperi "Aida" lavastumisest oktoobris Rocca al Mares Onistari tennisekeskuses, 2005. a. alguses Estonias esmaettekandele tulevast Tõnis Kaumanni lastemuusikalist "Väike Napoleon"

  4. Pärimusmuusika ait saab klaasist juurdeehitise / Margus Haav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haav, Margus, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Viljandi Kirsimäe aida pärimusmuusika keskuseks renoveerimise projektist. Vanale telliskivihoonele lisandub klaasist juurdeehitis. Eskiisi koostas arhitekt Raivo Mändmaa. Muinsuskaitseinspektori Anne Kivi arvamus

  5. Lõbusalt üllatav Trash.dk / Christel Karits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karits, Christel, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Taani löökpillimängijate shõugrupi esinemistest 22. apr. Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas, 23. apr. Jõhvi kontserdimajas, 24. apr. Tallinnas Estonia kontserdisaalis, 25. apr. Pärnu kontserdimajas ja 26. apr. VAnemuise kontserdimajas

  6. Some helminth parasites of Epinephelus morio (Pisces: Serranidae) from the peninsula of Yucatan, Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moravec, F.; Vidal-Martínez, V.M.; Aguirre-Macedo, M.L.

    1995-01-01

    Moravec, F., V.M. Vidal-Martinez & M.L. Aguirre-Macedo, 1995. Some helminth parasites of Epinephelus morio (Pisces: Serranidae) from the Peninsula of Yucatan, Mexico. Studies Nat. Hist. Caribbean Region 72: 55-68. One nematode species, Hysterothylacium eurycheilum, the acanthocephalan Gorgorhynchus

  7. Ontogenia y sistemática filogenética de la familia Gerreidae (Teleostei: Percoidei) /

    OpenAIRE

    Ortíz Galindo, José Luis sustentante.

    2009-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Ciencias Biológicas, presenta José Luis Ortíz Galindo ; asesor José Luis Castro Aguirre, Víctor Hugo Reynoso Rosales. xii, 139 páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Ciencias Biológicas UNAM, Facultad de Ciencias, 2009

  8. Bit keskus. (Uuendusliku Tehnoloogia Keskus) Inca, Mallorca, Hispaania / Alberto Campo Baeza

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Campo Baeza, Alberto

    1998-01-01

    High-tech büroo kolmnurksel krundil industriaalpargis. Krundi sisemuses suletud alal "salaaed" apelsinipuudega. Seintel ronivad aromaatse lõhnaga taimed: jasmiinid, vistaaria, viinapuud. Konkurss 1995, ehitus 1997-1998. Arhitekt Alberto Campo Baeza (koos: L. Ignacio Aguirre Lopez, Anton Garcia Abril, Antonio Perez Villegas)

  9. Regeneración natural y restauración ecológica postincendio de un bosque mixto en el parque ecológico Chipinque, México.

    OpenAIRE

    Alanís Rodríguez, Eduardo

    2010-01-01

    Resumen de Tesis Doctoral, Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (México), Fecha de lectura: Enero 2011, Asesores de tesis: Javier Jiménez Pérez, Marisela Pando Moreno, Oscar A. Aguirre Calderón, Eduardo Treviño Garza, Alejandro Valdecantos Dema.

  10. Agency, Commitment and Connection: Embracing the Roots of Chicano and Chicana Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordova, Teresa

    2005-01-01

    The legacy of colonization breeds alienation and detachment from history and community. For Chicanos in universities, the solution for the alienation that Aguirre expresses begins with understanding how powerful ideological forces sustain structured inequality while they promote self-hatred and identification with the master. Cordova makes the…

  11. A newly designed 45 to 60 mer oligonucleotide Agilent platform microarray for global gene expression studies of Synechocystis PCC6803: example salt stress experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Aguirre von Wobeser; J. Huisman; B. Ibelings; H.C.P. Matthijs

    2005-01-01

    A newly designed 45 to 60 mer oligonucleotide Agilent platform microarray for global gene expression studies of Synechocystis PCC6803: example salt stress experiment Eneas Aguirre-von-Wobeser 1, Jef Huisman1, Bas Ibelings2 and Hans C.P. Matthijs1 1 Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherla

  12. Planning teaching activity within continuous training program

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Cristina; Santos, Leonor

    2011-01-01

    The present text is part of a more comprehensive work purporting to study the professional development of primary school teachers within the program for continuous training in mathematics (PCTM). We will present a cross analysis of the case studies of teachers Dora and Aida, focusing on the meaning they confer upon the process of planning a teaching activity, tasks planned and planning development within PCTM. Aida bestows great importance on this process. Dora’s participation in PCTM widened...

  13. Online Information 2000: i nuovi International Forums [Italian

    OpenAIRE

    Maffei, Lucia

    2000-01-01

    The Online Meeting appointment (http://www.online-information.co.uk/online/index.asp) is enriched in 2000 has one more appeal. AIDA organizes the italian session in “International Forums”. The theme will be “Italian situation on Electronic Information, between new products and old weaknesses”. In the monitoring action of the changes in the electronic information world, AIDA will focus on the appearance of a siereis of new electronic products with unseen characteristics.

  14. Salapärased Iraani naised / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2003-01-01

    Artikli autor kohtus Saksamaal Mannheim-Heidelbergi filmifestivalil iraani režissööri Nasser Refaie ja tema abikasa, näitleja Raya Nasiriga. Režissööri film "Eksam" pälvis ühe žürii auhindadest

  15. REVIEW (AND PERSONAL REFLECTIONS ON THE BOOK: Immigration and active citizenship. Contributions concerning participatory governance and social inclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Alberich

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Reseña (y reflexiones personales sobre el libro: Inmigración y ciudadanía activa. Contribuciones sobre gobernanza participativa e inclusión social. Coordinado por Enrique Raya, Angeles Espadas y Mourad Aboussi. Icaria Editorial, 2013. 

  16. Pengaruh Kebisingan Lalulintas terhadap Konsentrasi Belajar Siswa SMP N 1 Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amwal Halil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakMasalah kebisingan karena lalulintas yang padat di daerah perkotaan menyebabkan sulitnya untuk mendapatkan lokasi sekolah yang tenang. Sekolah Menengah Pertama Negeri 1 Padang merupakan sarana pendidikan yang terletak di daerah perkotaan dan berada di pinggir jalan raya yang arus lalulintasnya padat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh kebisingan lalulintas terhadap konsentrasi belajar siswa SMP N 1 Padang. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode cross sectional comparative, dimana tingkat kebisingan dan tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa dikumpulkan secara bersamaan. Pengukuran tingkat kebisingan menggunakan alat ukur sound level meter yang diukur pada dua titik yang berbeda, yaitu di sekitar kelas yang dekat dengan jalan raya dan di sekitar kelas yang jauh dari jalan raya. Tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa diukur dengan menggunakan digit symbol test dan digit span test. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan dengan uji statistik chi square dengan derajat kepercayaan 95% (p=0,05. Hasil pengukuran tingkat kebisingan di sekitar kelas yang dekat dengan jalan raya sebesar 69.62 dB dan tingkat kebisingan di sekitar kelas yang jauh dari jalan raya sebesar 72.80 dB. Tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa yang dekat dengan jalan raya menggunakan digit symbol test didapatkan jumlah siswa yang: kurang konsentrasi = 7, cukup konsentrasi = 33, dan dengan digit span test di dapatkan yang kurang konsentrasi =7 dan cukup konsentrasi = 33. Tingkat konsentrasi belajar siswa yang jauh dari jalan raya dengan menggunakan digit symbol test didapatkan: kurang konsentrasi = 5, cukup konsentrasi = 34 dan dengan digit span test di dapatkan: kurang konsentrasi = 9 dan cukup konsentrasi = 30. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan tingkat konsentrasi yang bermakna antara kelas yang dekat dengan jalan raya dan kelas yang jauh dari jalan raya.Kata kunci: kebisingan lalulintas, siswa, konsentrasi belajarAbstractNoise problems due to heavy traffic in

  17. Cine club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine club

    2011-01-01

      Thursday 14 April 2011 at 20:30 CERN Council Chamber Aguirre: The Wrath of God   By Werner Herzog (Germany, 1972) 93 min With/avec: Klaus Kinski, Helena Rojo, Del Negro, Ruy Guerra A few decades after the destruction of the Inca empire, a Spanish expedition leaves the mountains of Peru and goes down the Amazon river in search of gold and wealth. Soon, they come across great difficulties and Don Aguirres, a ruthless man who cares only about riches, becomes their leader. But will his quest lead them to "the golden city", or to destruction? Original version German; English subtitles Version originale allemande soutitrée en anglais Entrance: 2 CHF Projection from DVD http://cineclub.web.cern.ch/Cineclub/  

  18. Cine Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Ciné Club

    2011-01-01

    Thursday 9 June 2011 at 20:30 / Jeudi 9 Juin 2011 à 20:30 CERN Council Chamber / Salle du Conseil Aguirre: The Wrath of God  By/de : Werner Herzog (Germany, 1972) 93 min With/avec: Klaus Kinski, Helena Rojo, Del Negro, Ruy Guerra A few decades after the destruction of the Inca empire, a Spanish expedition leaves the mountains of Peru and goes down the Amazon river in search of gold and wealth. Soon, they come across great difficulties and Don Aguirres, a ruthless man who cares only about riches, becomes their leader. But will his quest lead them to "the golden city", or to destruction? Original version german; english subtitles Version originale allemande; soutitrée en anglais Entrance : 2 CHF Projection from DVD http://cineclub.web.cern.ch/Cineclub/  

  19. The text of the agreement of 18 September 1987 between Chile and the Agency for the application of safeguards to nuclear material supplied from the People's Republic of China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Chile and the Agency for the application of safeguards to nuclear material in the form of UF6, enriched to 20% in the isotope U-235, supplied from the People's Republic of China for the fabrication of MTR-type fuel elements for Lo Aguirre research reactor, is reproduced. The agreement entered into force on 18 September 1987

  20. Acute sterile endophthalmitis following intravitreal bevacizumab: case series

    OpenAIRE

    Velez-Montoya, Raul

    2014-01-01

    Axel Orozco-Hernández,1 Ximena Ortega-Larrocea,1 Gustavo Sánchez-Bermúdez,1 Gerardo García-Aguirre,1 Virgilio Morales Cantón,1 Raul Velez-Montoya2 1Retina Department, Asociación para Evitar la Ceguera en México IAP, Mexico City, Mexico; 2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Rocky Mountain Lions Eye Institute, Aurora, CO, USA Background: Since the ophthalmological community adopted...

  1. Rescate y conservación de las estaciones de ferrocarril en Jalisco : reutilización del patrimonio en desuso /

    OpenAIRE

    Solórzano Gil, Mónica sustentante.

    2009-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Arquitectura, presenta Mónica Solórzano Gil ; asesor Alfredo Varela Torres, Luis Ortiz Macedo, Jesús Aguirre Cárdenas, Ma. del Carmen Vázquez Mantecón, Leonardo Icaza Lomelí. [3], 396, [8] páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Arquitectura UNAM, Facultad de Arquitectura, 2009

  2. La macroestructura del folleto bancario como instrumento de persuasión: estudio contrastivo inglés-español

    OpenAIRE

    Pilar Alberola Colomar

    2004-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio es el análisis de una muestra de folletos bancarios con el fin de encontrar una macroestructura prototípica para este género. Además, estudiamos la existencia de una posible relación entre la estructura genérica de los folletos bancarios y la estrategia publicitaria denominada AIDA (responde a las siglas de los términos ingleses: Attention, Interest, Desire, Action). Se intenta demostrar que AIDA es el criterio que unifica la estructura de este género y que la...

  3. Diseño de una Interfaz para la detección de fugas de agua

    OpenAIRE

    Gama Moreno Luis Antonio; Sánchez Rodríguez Marco Antonio; Ochoa Franco Christoper de Jesús

    2011-01-01

    Actualmente el desperdicio del agua representa una fuerte problemática para las comunidades, organizaciones y gobiernos; ya que su mal uso, la mala distribución y los eventos naturales como: sequias, calentamiento global, etc.; contribuyen a la escases de este vital líquido. En este artículo se presenta el diseño de una interfaz para la detección de fugas de agua en una casa-hogar denominado Aplicación para la Detección de fugas de Agua (AIDA)”. AIDA se compone de dos elementos principales: 1...

  4. Lower Cretaceous Dinosaur Tracks from Puebla, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén A. Rodríguez-de la Rosa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dinosaur tracks have been identified near San Martín Atexcal, southern Puebla, Mexico, within the sedimentary sequence of the San Juan Raya Formation of Lower Cretaceous (Albian age. The tracksite, located in the bed of the Magdalena River, reveals six different ichnofossiliferous levels identified within a 9 m thick sedimentary sequence. The inferred environment is that of a tidal (marginal marine mudflat (Level I. Level I preserves three theropods trackways (?Allosauroidea, additionally, isolated tracks belonging to iguanodontids (Ornithopoda. Level II preserves faint iguanodontid tracks. Levels III to V preserve sauropod tracks. Younger level VI preserves, although morphologically different, a track belonging to Ornithopoda. The dinosaur tracks from San Martín Atexcal support the existence of continental facies within the San Juan Raya Formation; they represent the second record of dinosaur tracks from the Lower Cretaceous of Mexico and are part of an important but little documented record of Lower Cretaceous dinosaurs in Mexico.

  5. PREPARATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON FROM PEAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasumitsu Uraki

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Peat with an approximate 60% carbon content collected in the suburbs of Palangka Raya, Indonesia, was carbonized, followed by activation with steam in an electric furnace. The resultant activated carbon (AC had ca. 900 m2/g of BET surface area and 1000 mg/g of iodine adsorption. This performance implies that this AC can be used as an adsorbent for environmental purification. We had a carbonizing furnace manufactured in Palangka Raya, which did not require electric power. Some AC having 350 mg/g of iodine adsorption was obtained by using this furnace. Although the adsorption ability was much lower than that of commercially available AC, the AC achieved significant decoloration and decrease in chemical oxygen demand of polluted river water. Thus, this article demonstrated the potential of tropical peat soil as a source of AC.

  6. Environmental and Social Impacts of Oil Palm Plantations and their Implications for Biofuel Production in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Heru Komarudin; Rubeta Andriani; Krystof Obidzinski; Agus Andrianto

    2012-01-01

    This paper reviews the development of oil palm with linkages to biofuel in Indonesia and analyzes the associated environmental and socioeconomic impacts. We selected three plantation study sites in West Papua (Manokwari), West Kalimantan (Kubu Raya), and Papua (Boven Digoel) to assess the impacts. Research findings indicate that the development of oil palm in all three sites has caused deforestation, resulting in significant secondary external impacts such as water pollution, soil erosion, an...

  7. Utilizing Microsoft Mathematics In Teaching And Learning Calculus

    OpenAIRE

    Rina Oktaviyanthi; Yani Supriani

    2015-01-01

    The experimental design was conducted to investigate the use of Microsoft Mathematics, free software made by Microsoft Corporation, in teaching and learning Calculus. This paper reports results from experimental study details on implementation of Microsoft Mathematics in Calculus, students’ achievement and the effects of the use of Microsoft Mathematics on students’ attitudes in relation to such experience. Two classes of the students from the first year student in Universitas Serang Raya wer...

  8. Metacercarias del tipo Paramonilicaecum (Digenea: Didymozoidae, parásitos accidentales de elasmobranquios (Elasmobranchii del golfo de México e identificación de metacercarias (Didymozoidae de la Colección Nacional de Helmintos Metacercariae of the type Paramonilicaecum (Digenea: Didymozoidae, accidental parasites in elasmobranchs (Elasmobranchii from the Mexican Gulf of Mexico and identification of metacercarias (Didymozoidae of the Colección Nacional de Helmintos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erick Rodríguez-Ibarra

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Como parte de un estudio sobre los helmintos parásitos de rayas (Elasmobranchii, se colectaron 12 ejemplares en 3 localidades del estado de Veracruz, México: Laguna de Tamiahua, Laguna de Tampamachoco y un arrecife de la costa del golfo de México. Se encontraron metacercarias identificadas como parásitos accidentales del tipo Paramonilicaecum (Digenea: Didymozoidae en la válvula espiral de Dasyatis say (raya látigo chata, Gymnura micrura (raya cola de rata y Rhinobatus lentiginosus (guitarra diablito. De manera complementaria, se actualizó la identificación de material perteneciente a Didymozoidae depositado en la Colección Nacional de Helmintos en el Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Éste es el primer registro para México de metacercarias del tipo Paramonilicaecum en rayas.During an ongoing study of the helminths of stingrays (Elasmobranchii, 12 stingrays were collected from 3 localities in the state of Veracruz, Mexico: Laguna de Tamiahua, Laguna de Tampamachoco, and a costal reef in the Gulf of Mexico. Metacercarias were collected from the spiral valves of Dasyatis say (bluntnose stingray, Gymnura micrura (lesser butterfly ray, and Rhinobatus lentiginosus (Atlantic guitarfish. The metacercarias, accidental parasites, were assigned to type Paramonilicaecum (Digenea: Didymozoidae. Material (Didymozoidae previously deposited in the Colección Nacional de Helmintos, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, was re-identified. This is the first report of a species in larval phase of the "Type" Paramonilicaecum from the Gulf of Mexico, Veracruz, and the first report from a Mexican stingray.

  9. Pengaturan Teknis Operasional Stone Crusher Dalam Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Agregat Di Sekitar Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Girsang, Berlin

    2011-01-01

    Pada proyek konstruksi, agregat dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan bangunan, misalnya untuk bangunan seperti gedung dan jembatan, selain itu juga digunakan dalam pembuatan jalan. Di dalam proyek jalan raya, baik itu proyek pembangunan jalan maupun peningkatan jalan tidak terlepas dari tinjauan aspek alat-alat berat (Heavy Equipment). Alat berat ini hubungannya sangat erat sekali atau tidak terpisahkan dengan proses penyusunan program proyek, pelaksanaan fisik proyek, dan pengenda...

  10. Pemanfaatan Pelepah Daun Kelapa Sawit Amoniasi Terhadap Kecernaan Bahan Kering Dan Bahan Organik Pada Sapi Brahman Cross

    OpenAIRE

    Sipayung, Sumual

    2012-01-01

    The goal of experiment is to observe the level utilization of ammoniated oil palm frond on dry matter and organic digestibility weaning Brahman Cross. The research conducted in Serba Jadi Farm Group in Serba Jadi Street, Street 1, Marelan Raya, Medan City. Feed and digestibility analysis conducted Animal Nutrien of Feed Science Laboratory, Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sumatera Utara, Jl. Prof. A. Sofyan No. 3. Medan. The experiment lasted from July 2...

  11. Aktiviti ekonomi dan penjanaan haba di beberapa lokasi terpilih di Kuala Lumpur

    OpenAIRE

    Shaharuddin Ahmad; Noraziah Ali

    2011-01-01

    Aktiviti harian penduduk di bandar raya seperti di pejabat, pasar malam, gerai di tepi jalan, kompleks perniagaan, kawasan pelancongan, trafik dan sebagainya memberi impak kepada alam sekitar fizikal. Peningkatan suhu harian dijangkakan berlaku di persekitaran Kuala Lumpur. Sehubungan itu, kajian ini cuba menganalisis fenomena sama di empat kawasan popular aktiviti manusia di sekitar Kuala Lumpur. Kawasan fokus adalah kawasan perniagaan di China Town (Jalan Petaling) dan dibandingkan dengan K...

  12. Konflik Kebijakan Pertambangan Antara Pemerintah dan Masyarakat di Kabupaten Buton

    OpenAIRE

    Mahrudin

    2010-01-01

    The aims of this research are to analysis and describe problems that become a conflict, the actor, and source of conflict at nickel mining in Talaga Raya Buton Municipal. The methods of this research use description qualitative approach. Data collect instrument use observation, interview and documentation. Research’s result shows that conflict can be happened if there are no communication between mining corporation, societies, and government security person in the term of no payback of land, ...

  13. CYTOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS ON FERN GENUS Pteris IN THE BOGOR BOTANIC GARDENS

    OpenAIRE

    Titien Ngatinem Praptosuwiryo; Dedy Darnaedi

    2008-01-01

    Pengamatan sitologi dan kromosom somatik dilakukan pada 23 individu dari enam jenis tumbuhan paku genus Pteris (Pteridaceae) yang tumbuh meliar di Kebun Raya Bogor. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa jumlah kromosom dasar pada keenam jenis Pteris yang diamati konsisten, yaitu x = 29. Ras diploid dengan 2n = 58 ditemukan pada P. biaurita, P. fauriei dan P. tripartita. Ras triploid dengan 2n = 87 terdapat pada P. fauriei dan P. multifida. Sedangkan ras tetraploid dengan 2n = 116 ditemukan pada ...

  14. Fideo ja Vilm Pärnus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Pärnu Fideo- ja Vilmifestival 2.-3. apr. Muuseumi Aidas. Margus Tiitsmaa ja Sütevaka Andrese performance'test. Jasper Zoova ja Erno Võsa installatsioonist "Eesti mehe ja naise identifitseerimise masin". Taivani kunstniku Eliza Lin'i fotoinstallatsioonist ja videost

  15. Lillikate suvi on Nava Lava päralt / Airi Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallik, Airi, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Lõuna-Eestis Lilli külas asuva Nava talu Nava Lava suvistest üritustest. Olulisim ettevõtmine oli talu peremehe Jaak Kõdari talu ajaloost kirjutatud näitemängu "Jukra" lavale toomine. Tänavu oli talu aidas avatud ka Lembit Sootsi maalinäitus

  16. Ristumised Stockholmis / Jaak Kilmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kilmi, Jaak, 1973-

    1999-01-01

    Stockholmi X filmifestivalil 11.-21.nov. 1999 eriprogrammis Northern Lights linastusid Eestist "Ristumine peateega", "Kõrbekuu" ja "Aida". Viimased lühifilmid kuulusid Eesti-Läti ühisfilmi "Tris stasti par...", millel autor, kes kuulus žüriisse, ka pikemalt peatub

  17. Nobeli rahupreemia pälvisid tuumarelva leviku takistajad / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    Selle aasta Nobeli rahupreemia pälvisid Rahvusvaheline Aatomienergiaagentuur ja selle juht Mohamed ElBaradei. Norra Nobeli komitee selgitusest. Lisa: Fakte Nobeli rahupreemiast. Kommenteerivad: Terumi Tanaka, Shimon Peres, Hamid Reza Asefi, Aida ElBaradei, Hans Blix. Vt. samas: Õigusteadlasest tuumarelvade jahtija eelistab läbirääkimisi

  18. Eesti film kumab pimedas öös / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    1999-01-01

    III Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil esilinastuvad Eesti-Läti ühisprojekt "Kolm lugu", kus ka Ervin Õunapuu "Kõrbekuu" ja Peeter Simmi "Aida" ning rahvusvaheline videokassett "Identiteet", kus ka Jaak Kilmi lühifilm "Inimkaamera"

  19. Working towards coordination of detector development in Europe

    CERN Multimedia

    AIDA-2020 collaboration

    2015-01-01

    AIDA-2020, the largest EU-funded detector R&D project, kicked off at the beginning of June with a meeting at CERN (see here). The aim of the project is to advance detector technologies beyond current limits by sharing the high-quality infrastructure provided by 52 partners from 19 countries.   Knowledge exchange between the various groups who are involved in developing innovative technological solutions for the next generation of detectors is the emphasis of the AIDA-2020 EU-funded project, which started on 1 May and will run for four years. AIDA-2020 is the successor to AIDA, a four-year EU-funded programme that concluded at the end of January 2015, which successfully coordinated a joint European effort in detector R&D and significantly improved various key European research infrastructures, enabling advanced detector development for the high-energy physics community. Highlights of AIDA’s networking activities were the development of generic toolkits for detector description ...

  20. Japanoloog räägib puudest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Viljandi pärimusmuusika aidas "Omakultuuriakadeemia" loengul Tallinna Ülikooli japanoloog Alari Allik kõneles teemal "Mitu elu on ühel puul: shinto ja pärandihoid" ning otsib vastust küsimusele, milline võiks olla pärandihoid, mis hoiab elus ka rituaalid ja kohaliku elukeskkonna

  1. Jalakäijad ja palgiparvetajad / Karri Tiigisoon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiigisoon, Karri

    2008-01-01

    2007. a. lõpus toimunud Pärnu Aida ja Põhja tänava kujunduskonkursi võidutööst "Palgiparvetajad" (autorid Kaire Nõmm ja Katrin Koov, OÜ Kavakava), vastrenoveeritud Rüütli tänavast ja laienevast jalakäijate alast Pärnus

  2. Muusika / DJ Pickney Tiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Pickney Tiger, pseud., 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Kontsertidest: Tricky 20. nov. Tallinnas Rock Cafés, folgiüritusest Pärimusmuusika Lõikuspidu 10. ja 11.okt. Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas, Krakauers Klezmer Band 27. okt. Tallinnas Vene teatris, DJ General Levy 18. okt. Tallinnas, maailmamuusika festival Musicport' 08 17.-19. okt. Inglismaal Brightonis

  3. Advanced IPNE data acquisition system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A complex and flexible data acquisition system has been developed in order to run relative complex experiments in our acceleration system - ALIGATOR. AIDA programme has been carried out on a small PDP - 11/34 computer and is based on a CAMAC hardware. The main hardware and software features are presented. (authors)

  4. Neljajalgne kana ja ämblikuniiti lüpsev kits / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2006-01-01

    Ülevaade Kloostri Aidas toimunud teaduskohviku õhtul esinenud birti molekulaarbioloog Sarah Forbes-Robertsoni ettekandest. Dokor Forbes-Robertson uurib Tshernobõli katastroofi üle elanud inimesi, püüdes kindlaks teha, milline inimgeenidet mõjutab meie vastupanu radioaktiivsele kiirgusele

  5. Application of knowledge based systems technology to the management of accidental spills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The AIDA personal computer based expert system has been developed to assist electric utility personnel in the case of a hydrocarbon chemical spill in a transformer yard. The types of accidents which could result in such a spill are described, and the role of expert systems in managing such an accident is explained. The stages of conceptual analysis and computer implementation of the AIDA expert system are then reviewed. To date, the AIDA system includes more than 600 rules and procedures which refer to over 450 variables or different facts. The architecture of the system is composed of four distinct rule bases, each associated with one of four stages of problem resolution (determination of the possible flow paths of pollutant if no action is taken, visual reconnaissance, selection and prioritization of locations where intervention should occur, and determination of the means of intervention appropriate for each location). Uniform procedures for reading of data and output of results allow each rule base to operate independently and only to recover the information that each requires. The AIDA man-machine interface is designed to allow the user to visualize the propagation of the pollutant in the environment, the management of the spill, and the necessary or useful information for understanding the reasoning behind the recommendations proposed by the expert system. 7 refs., 3 figs

  6. Canine Conjectures: Using Data for Proportional Reasoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westenskow, Arla; Moyer-Packenham, Patricia S.

    2011-01-01

    No person, place, or thing can capture the attention of a class of sixth graders like "man's best friend." To prompt students' interest in a series of lessons on proportional relationships, the authors brought in a unique teaching aid--a dog. A family dog was used to supply the measurements for scatter plots and variables so that students could…

  7. Kikilipsu pidused päevad / Mari Hiiemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiiemäe, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Ansamblist Rock Hotel, tema 30. sünnipäeva tähistamise juubelikontsertidest 14. okt. Pärnu Endla teatris, 15. okt. Rakvere Teatris, 16. okt. Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas, 17. okt. Paide kultuurikeskuses, 18. okt. Võru kultuurimajas Kannel, 19. okt. Vanemuise väikeses majas ja 20. okt. Vene Teatris

  8. Expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1a in a rat cortical neuronal model of in vitro mechanical injury and the effects of its competitive antagonist (RS)-1-aminoindan-1, 5-dicarboxylic acid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei Cao; Mantao Chen; Xiujue Zheng; Gu Li; Liang Wen; Xiaofeng Yang

    2011-01-01

    The present study established a rat cortical neuronal model of in vitro mechanical injury. At 30 min-utes after injury, the survival rate of the injured cortical neurons was decreased compared with normal neurons, and was gradually decreased with aggravated degree of injury. Reverse transcrip-tion-polymerase chain reaction results showed that at 1 hour after injury, there was increased ex-pression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1a in cortical neurons. Immunohistochemical staining results showed that at 30 minutes after injury, the number of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1a-positive cells increased compared with normal neurons. At 12 hours after injury, lactate dehy-drogenase activity in the (RS)-1-aminoindan-1, 5-dicarboxylic acid (AIDA)-treated injury neurons was significantly decreased than that in the pure injury group. At 1 hour after injury, intracellular free Ca2+ concentration was markedly decreased in the AIDA-treated injury neurons than that in the pure injury neurons. These findings suggest that after mechanical injury to cortical neurons, metabotropic glutamate receptor 1a expression increased. The resulting increase in intracellular free Ca2+ con-centration was blocked by AIDA, indicating that AIDA exhibits neuroprotective effects after me-chanical injury.

  9. Muusika / DJ Pickney Tiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Pickney Tiger, pseud., 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Kontsertidest: rootsi rockansamblid Backyard Babies ja Bullet 10. dets. Tallinnas klubis Tapper, Tanel Padari ja The Sun heliplaadi "Here Comes The Sun" esitluskontsedid, Alina Rostovskaya & Jazzmobile 4. dets. Tallinnas Lindakivi kultuurikeskuses ja 5. dets. NO99 Jazziklubis, Dessert Time ja Gine Anderssen 8. dets. Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas, inglise punkansambel Sham 69 4. dets. Pärnus Mai keskuse Rockiklubis

  10. Ice Nucleation Activity of Various Agricultural Soil Dust Aerosol Particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiebel, Thea; Höhler, Kristina; Funk, Roger; Hill, Thomas C. J.; Levin, Ezra J. T.; Nadolny, Jens; Steinke, Isabelle; Suski, Kaitlyn J.; Ullrich, Romy; Wagner, Robert; Weber, Ines; DeMott, Paul J.; Möhler, Ottmar

    2016-04-01

    Recent investigations at the cloud simulation chamber AIDA (Aerosol Interactions and Dynamics in the Atmosphere) suggest that agricultural soil dust has an ice nucleation ability that is enhanced up to a factor of 10 compared to desert dust, especially at temperatures above -26 °C (Steinke et al., in preparation for submission). This enhancement might be caused by the contribution of very ice-active biological particles. In addition, soil dust aerosol particles often contain a considerably higher amount of organic matter compared to desert dust particles. To test agricultural soil dust as a source of ice nucleating particles, especially for ice formation in warm clouds, we conducted a series of laboratory measurements with different soil dust samples to extend the existing AIDA dataset. The AIDA has a volume of 84 m3 and operates under atmospherically relevant conditions over wide ranges of temperature, pressure and humidity. By controlled adiabatic expansions, the ascent of an air parcel in the troposphere can be simulated. As a supplement to the AIDA facility, we use the INKA (Ice Nucleation Instrument of the KArlsruhe Institute of Technology) continuous flow diffusion chamber based on the design by Rogers (1988) to expose the sampled aerosol particles to a continuously increasing saturation ratio by keeping the aerosol temperature constant. For our experiments, soil dust was dry dispersed into the AIDA vessel. First, fast saturation ratio scans at different temperatures were performed with INKA, sampling soil dust aerosol particles directly from the AIDA vessel. Then, we conducted the AIDA expansion experiment starting at a preset temperature. The combination of these two different methods provides a robust data set on the temperature-dependent ice activity of various agriculture soil dust aerosol particles with a special focus on relatively high temperatures. In addition, to extend the data set, we investigated the role of biological and organic matter in more

  11. Use of CFD modeling for estimating spatial representativeness of urban air pollution monitoring sites and suitability of their locations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A methodology to estimate the spatial representativeness of air pollution monitoring sites is applied to two urban districts. This methodology is based on high resolution maps of air pollution computed by using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling tools. Traffic-emitted NO2 dispersion is simulated for several meteorological conditions taking into account the effect of the buildings on air flow and pollutant dispersion and using a steady state CFD-RANS approach. From these results, maps of average pollutant concentrations for January -May 2011 are computed as a combination of the simulated scenarios. Two urban districts of Madrid City were simulated. Spatial representativeness areas for 32 different sites within the same district (including the site of the operative air quality stations) have been estimated by computing the portion of the domains with average NO2 concentration differing less than a 20% of the concentration at each candidate monitoring site. New parameters such as the ratio AR between the representativeness area and the whole domain area or the representativeness index (IR) has been proposed to discuss and compare the representativeness areas. Significant differences between the spatial representativeness of the candidate sites of both studied districts have been found. The sites of the Escuelas Aguirre district have generally smaller representativeness areas than those of the Plaza de Castilla. More stations are needed to cover the Escuelas Aguirre district than for the Plaza de Castilla one. The operative air quality station of the Escuelas Aguirre district is less representative than the station of the Plaza de Castilla district. The cause of these differences seems to be the differences in urban structure of both districts prompting different ventilation. (Author)

  12. Bibliografía

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzalo, “La medicina Indígena”, América indígena, 7(2), 1947, pp. 108-127. — Formas de gobierno indígena, México, Imprenta Universitaria, 1953. — El proceso de aculturación y el cambio sociocultural en México [1a ed. 1957], México, Universidad Iberoamericana, 1970. Alcides Reissner, Raúl, El indio en los diccionarios. Exégesis léxica de un estereotipo, México, ini, 1983. Alcorn, Janis, Huastec mayan ethnobotany, Austin, Tex., University of Texas Press, 1984. Alva Ixtlilxóchi...

  13. Sources

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Sources Fondation Pablo Iglesias. Alcala de Henares. Sections : Archives privées de Manuel ArijaArchives extérieuresArchives FNJS de EspañaPrensa Archives Générales de l’Administration. Alcala de Henares. Sections : Opposition au franquismeSig. 653 Sig TOP 82/68.103-68.602.Índice de las cartas colectivas, Relaciones, Cartas al Ministro de Información de Marzo de 1965. c.662. Sources cinématographiques Filmothèque Nationale d’Espagne.NO.DO. N° 1157C. 08/03/1965.aguirre Javier, Blanco vertical....

  14. Perfluorocarbon-perfused 23 gauge three-dimensional vitrectomy for complicated diabetic tractional retinal detachment

    OpenAIRE

    Quiroz-Mercado H; Fromow-Guerra J; Morales-Cantón V; Garcia-Aguirre G; Guerrero-Naranjo JL; Velez-Montoya R

    2011-01-01

    Raul Velez-Montoya1, Jose Luis Guerrero-Naranjo2, Gerardo Garcia-Aguirre2, Virgilio Morales-Cantón2, Jans Fromow-Guerra2, Hugo Quiroz-Mercado31Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado Health and Science Center, Rocky Mountain Lions Eye Institute, University of Colorado School of Medicine, CO, USA; 2Retina Department, Asociación para Evitar la Ceguera en México IAP, México City, México; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Denver Healt...

  15. Metformin improves postprandial glucose homeostasis in rainbow trout fed dietary carbohydrates : a link with the induction of hepatic lipogenic capacities ?

    OpenAIRE

    Panserat, Stephane; Skiba-Cassy, Sandrine; Seiliez, Iban; Lansard, Marine; Plagnes- Juan, Elisabeth; VACHOT, Christiane; Aguirre, Pierre; Larroquet, Laurence; Chavernac, G.; Médale, Françoise; Corraze, Geneviève; Kaushik, Sadasivam; Moon, T.W.

    2009-01-01

    Panserat S, Skiba-Cassy S, Seiliez I, Lansard M, Plagnes-Juan E, Vachot C, Aguirre P, Larroquet L, Chavernac G, Medale F, Corraze G, Kaushik S, Moon TW. Metformin improves postprandial glucose homeostasis in rainbow trout fed dietary carbohydrates: a link with the induction of hepatic lipogenic capacities? Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 297: R707-R715, 2009. First published June 24, 2009; doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.00120.2009.-Carnivorous fish are poor users of dietary carbohydrates and are...

  16. La Falcultad de Filosofía y Letras de Madrid en la Segunda República. Desolación de la quimera. La Facultad sacudida por la guerra civil.El frente de la Ciudad Universitaria.

    OpenAIRE

    González Cárceles, Juan Antonio

    2008-01-01

    El domingo 15 de enero de 1933 el Presidente de la República, Niceto Alcalá Zamora, en compañía del Jefe de Gobierno, Manuel Azaña, cuatro ministros y numerosas autoridades, inauguraba el nuevo pabellón de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras en la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid. Este edificio racionalista de Agustín Aguirre acogía una Facultad de grandes intelectuales que, liderada por Manuel García Morente, Decano ejemplar, acometía profundas reformas para colocarse a la vanguardia de la...

  17. La Falcultad de Filosofía y Letras de Madrid en la Segunda República. Un lugar para la enseñanza y la investigacion

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega Vidal, Javier; González Cárceles, Juan Antonio; Martinez Diaz, Angel

    2008-01-01

    El domingo 15 de enero de 1933 el Presidente de la República, Niceto Alcalá Zamora, en compañía del Jefe de Gobierno, Manuel Azaña, cuatro ministros y numerosas autoridades, inauguraba el nuevo pabellón de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras en la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid. Este edificio racionalista de Agustín Aguirre acogía una Facultad de grandes intelectuales que, liderada por Manuel García Morente, Decano ejemplar, acometía profundas reformas para colocarse a la vanguardia de la...

  18. El ciclo celular y su papel en el desarrollo, crecimiento, restitución y reparación de tejidos. Propuesta de aula para los estudiantes de ciclo tres

    OpenAIRE

    Peña Cruz, Yeny Yubely

    2013-01-01

    La propuesta de aula: el ciclo celular y su papel en el desarrollo, crecimiento, restitución y reparación de tejidos, es diseñada para estudiantes de ciclo tres, tiene como población de estudio, los estudiantes de grado séptimo de la institución educativa Jesús María Aguirre Charry, La propuesta de aula se inicia con un diagnóstico de los conceptos previos esenciales para la comprensión del ciclo celular; a partir del cual se definen los problemas cognitivos presente en los estudiantes. Duran...

  19. Spain-Chile and Spain-Ecuador cooperation in the field of research nuclear reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Spanish Board of Nuclear Energy (JEN) has been cooperating for the last several years with the Comision Chilena de Energia Nuclear [Chilean Commission of Nuclear Energy (CCHEN)], on the one hand, and with the Comision Ecuatoriana de Energia Atomica [Ecuadorian Commission of Atomic Energy (CEEA)], on the other. The result of this cooperation has been the implementation of projects in both countries to create research centers around a nuclear reactor as the main working tool: the Lo Aguirre reactor in Chile and the Ruminahui reactor in Ecuador

  20. Estudio cinético de la agregación de asfaltenos de crudos de petróleo

    OpenAIRE

    García García, Roberto

    2010-01-01

    Proyecto Fin de Carrera leído en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en el curso académico 2009/2010. Directores del Proyecto: Javier Marugán Aguado y Raúl Giménez Aguirre El petróleo es la materia prima de la que depende la mayor parte de la energía utilizada a nivel mundial. Debido a diversas circunstancias como que se trata de un recurso no renovable, que el precio del crudo cada vez es más elevado, que las zonas donde se localizan las mayores reservas son geopolíticamente inestables, etc., ...

  1. Representation of the Indian in Calderón’s «La Aurora en Copacabana»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Elías Gutiérrez Meza

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the onomastics of the Indian characters, the portrayal of the Inca Empire of Huáscar and Atahualpa, and the Christianization of Guacolda and Yupangui in Calderón’s La Aurora en Copacabana. Rational and proactive, these two characters realize the illegitimacy of the Inca idolatry and embrace the true religion, long before the formal start of Perú’s christianization. Thus, it is argued that this specific representation of the Indian may have been influenced by the close circles indianos of Miguel de Aguirre, who allegedly patronized this comedy.

  2. La Jornada de Amagua (Omagua) y Dorado: entre Francisco Vázquez y Pedrarias de Almesto

    OpenAIRE

    Baraibar, Á. (Álvaro)

    2012-01-01

    La Jornada de Omagua y Dorado ha pasado a la historia como la expedición del tirano Lope de Aguirre. Se trata de un episodio de la historia del que hemos conservado numerosos testimonios tanto directos de soldados que participaron en la jornada como indirectos. La Relación de todo lo que sucedió en la jornada de Amagua y Dorado de Francisco Vázquez es una fuente fundamental en este conjunto de textos y representa un caso excepcional para estudiar aspectos como la figura del autor o cuestiones...

  3. BOOK REVIEW: ON-LINE EDUCATION: AN EMANCIPATING VISION

    OpenAIRE

    Reviewed by Dr. Abdullah KUZU

    2006-01-01

    ON-LINE EDUCATION: AN EMANCIPATING VISION Written by Margarita Victoria Gomez Publisher: Cortez Editora ISBN 85-249-1062-3 São Paulo, Brazil, July 2004. Reviewed by Ricardo Romo TORRES Manuel Moreno Castaneda Maria del Sol Orozco Aguirre Universidad de Guadalajara Virtual MEXICO http://www.udgvirtual.udg.mx "On-line Education " is a book that meets the challenge to present itself as an unfinished text. In addition to demanding an active participation of the reader, it requires a predisposit...

  4. Selección de poemas

    OpenAIRE

    Cuesta Escobar, Guiomar, 1950-

    2010-01-01

    Poeta colombiana. Licenciada en Ciencias de la Comunicación Social. Con énfasis en Periodismo. Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, 1977. Se desempeñó como Secretario Privado del Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores de Colombia, el historiador, Indalecio Liévano Aguirre, 1974-1978. Ha ocupado los cargos de Representante Alterna en la Misión Permanente de Colombia ante la OEA, Washington D.C., 1978 – 1981; y de Delegada del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores. Comisión Interamericana de Mujeres, CIM. W...

  5. Bibliographie

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzálo, 1953, Formas de gobierno indígena, México, Imprenta Universitaria. Alvarado de Tezozomoc, Hernando de, 1987, Crónica Mexicana, México, Éd. Porrúa, 2 t. Anderson, Arthur J. O. et Dibble, Charles E., 1953-1982, Florentine Codex, Utah, The University of Utah, The School of American Research, 12 vol. Barrera Hernández Abel, 1996, Ritualidad y poder entre los Nahuas de la Montaña de Guerrero, Cultura y derechos de los pueblos indígenas de México, México, Fondo de Culture ...

  6. De cómo el átomo se convierte en 'real' y complejo y adquiere una estructura

    OpenAIRE

    Solbes Matarredona, Jordi

    2014-01-01

    El artículo presenta la aparición de nuevas partículas que cuestionan la indivisibilidad del átomo y la introducción de modelos clásicos, que no pueden explicar ni la estabilidad de los átomos ni los espectros atómicos, lo que lleva a Bohr y Sommerfeld a proponer sus modelos atómicos precuánticos que no explican la intensidad y la anchura de las rayas espectrales ni la existencia de direcciones privilegiadas en los enlaces atómicos. Para explicar la estructura del átomo, hay que introducir el...

  7. Utilizing Microsoft Mathematics In Teaching And Learning Calculus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rina Oktaviyanthi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The experimental design was conducted to investigate the use of Microsoft Mathematics, free software made by Microsoft Corporation, in teaching and learning Calculus. This paper reports results from experimental study details on implementation of Microsoft Mathematics in Calculus, students’ achievement and the effects of the use of Microsoft Mathematics on students’ attitudes in relation to such experience. Two classes of the students from the first year student in Universitas Serang Raya were participated in the study. This study found that students who taught by using Microsoft Mathematics had higher achievement and has a positive effect on students’ confidence of mathematics.

  8. SEASONAL ABUNDANCE OF ADULT AND IMMATURE AEDES AEGYPTI (L.) IN JAKARTA

    OpenAIRE

    M. J. Nelson; Salim Usman; C. P. Pant; Self, L. S.

    2012-01-01

    Dari bulan Mei 1973 sampai bulan Juni 1974 telah dilakukan pengamatan nyamuk Aedes aegypti stadium dewasa dan larva di keempat daerah kota yang berpenduduk padat di Jakarta Raya. Pengamatan dikerjakan 2 kali dalam satu bulan Daya tarik nyamuk terhadap manusia rata-rata 1.2 induk betina dan 1.6 untuk nyamuk jantan tiap orang tiap jam. Dalam 100 rumah diketemukan rata-rata 180 buah bejana berisi air, dimana 58 buah positif; Container index (persentasi bejana yang tositif) 32 persen House index ...

  9. Spatial analysis of the impacts of the Chaitén volcano eruption (Chile) in three fluvial systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulloa, H.; Iroumé, A.; Picco, L.; Mohr, C. H.; Mazzorana, B.; Lenzi, M. A.; Mao, L.

    2016-08-01

    The eruption of the Chaitén volcano in May 2008 generated morphological and ecological disturbances in adjacent river basins, and the magnitude of these disturbances depended on the type of dominant volcanic process affecting each of them. The aim of this study is to analyse the morphological changes in different periods in river segments of the Blanco, El Amarillo and Rayas river basins located near the Chaitén volcano. These basins suffered disturbances of different intensity and spatial distribution caused by tephra fall, dome collapses and pyroclastic density currents that damaged hillslope forests, widened channels and destroyed island and floodplain vegetation. Changes continued to occur in the fluvial systems in the years following the eruption, as a consequence of the geomorphic processes indirectly induced by the eruption. Channel changes were analyzed by comparing remote images of pre and post-eruption conditions. Two periods were considered: the first from 2008 to 2009-2010 associated with the explosive and effusive phases of the eruption and the second that correspond to the post-eruption stage from 2009-2010 to 2013. Following the first phases channel segments widened 91% (38 m/yr), 6% (7 m/yr) and 7% (22 m/yr) for Blanco, Rayas and El Amarillo Rivers, respectively, compared to pre-eruption condition. In the second period, channel segments additionally widened 42% (8 m/yr), 2% (2 m/yr) and 5% (4 m/yr) for Blanco, Rayas and El Amarillo Rivers, respectively. In the Blanco River 62 and 82% of the islands disappeared in the first and second period, respectively, which is 6-8 times higher than in the El Amarillo approximately twice the Rayas. Sinuosity increased after the eruption only in the Blanco River but the three study channels showed a high braiding intensity mainly during the first post-eruption period. The major disturbances occurred during the eruptive and effusive phases of Chaitén volcano, and the intensity of these disturbances reflects the

  10. Quantitative status, vulnerability and pollution of groundwater resources in different environmental and climatic contexts in Sardinia and in Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Bushra, Abdelwassie Hussien

    2012-01-01

    The Raya Valley is located in the northern part of Ethiopia within the Regional State of Tigray. The valley is part of the series of grabens at the western margins of the Afar Depression. Rainfall in this area is erratic both in time and space; hence it has suffered from a number of severe droughts and associated famines, and is chronically food-insecure. The surface water resources are characterized by streams, which flow strongly during the short rainy season and no perennial flow of surfac...

  11. Potensi Lumpur Sawit (SOLID) Sebagai Pakan Ruminansia di Kabupaten Pelalawan Provinsi Riau

    OpenAIRE

    Kodri Yanto; Dewi Febrina

    2008-01-01

    Potential of palm oil’s waste (solid) as ruminant feed in Pelalawan district of Riau Province ABSTRACT. The objective of this study was to know potential of solid waste in Pelalawan district, Riau province. Research was carried out from December 2007 – January 2008 in Pelalawan district by using 4 factories of Elaeis guineensis (PKS). The four factories that were used for data collection were PT. Multi Palma Sejahtera (MPS), PT. Inti Indo Sawit Subur (IIS), PT. Sinar Agro Raya (SAR) and P...

  12. Ngelmu Ngalap-Nyaur: Transaksi Berbasis Akun-isme Tanpa Kredit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Whedy Prasetyo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to construct account based on ngalap-nyaur done by PKL Ngalam raya underpined trust each other by supplier . This research use case study. The research refer to transaction model that change attendance accountof account receivable and cost of goods sold with amount of taking good sand trust. The account shows sales transactions to getherness without credit but not cashas the account embodiment of one soul greeting social (moral side by side with economic (rational, to guarantee and overcome “shock” the process of commodity making and sales. One soul greeting seeks reduce unemployment and boost the local economy.

  13. El calentamiento Global: año 2006

    OpenAIRE

    García Olmedo, Francisco

    2006-01-01

    La capa a rayas, cebra o tigre, herbívora o carnívora, la bestia del calentamiento global se divisa mientras se aproxima sin que sepamos a ciencia cierta qué manjares la apaciguarían a su llegada y, en especial, si deberíamos inmolarnos a ella para salvar al resto de la biosfera. Parece que nadie debe dudar que atravesamos una fase de calentamiento global que puede causar graves problemas a la humanidad e incluso podría llevarla hasta su prematura extinción.Todos somos conscientes del problem...

  14. Morfología comparativa de las células sanguíneas del tiburón nodriza Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788) con diversos peces.

    OpenAIRE

    Vergara Pinzón, Elsa V.; Mantilla Aldana, Leonardo

    1996-01-01

    Se llevó a cabo una comparación entre la morfología de las células de la sangre periférica de 9 tiburones nodriza, de una raya americana y 9 peces teleósteos; además, se determinó la fórmula leucocitaria y la cantidad total de eritrocitos y leucocitos/mm 3 de sangre para cada pez estudiado. English Abstract This work is a comparation of the blood cells morphology between 9 nurse sharks, southern stingray and 9 bone fishes, moreover, it was maked a differential leucocytes count, ...

  15. Estimation of Total Carbon Stocks in Soil and Vegetation of Tropical Peat Forest in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Ujang Suwarna; Elias; Istomo .

    2012-01-01

    The study was conducted in the forest concession area of PT. Diamond Raya Timber, Riau Province, Indonesia.  Measurement and calculation carbon stocks in soil and vegetation of tropical peat forest should be done accurately to anticipate carbon trading.  The objective of the study is to estimate carbon stocks in soil and vegetation in 4 forest conditions.  The study found that biomass and carbon stocks in the soil was 8 times higher than in the vegetation in primary forest condition, and 10 t...

  16. Biomass Residue from Palm Oil Mills in Aceh Province: A Potential Usage for Sustainable Energy

    OpenAIRE

    M. Faisal M. Faisal; Mahidin Mahidin

    2013-01-01

    Palm oil is one of the major agro industries in Aceh province. There are 25 crude palm oil (CPO) Mills in Aceh located in 8 districts with 551.12 tons/hour total capacity. The mills are concentrated in five districts along the western and eastern coasts, Aceh Utara, Aceh Timur, Aceh Tamiang, Nagan Raya, and Aceh Singkil (including the newly-established municipality of Subullusalam). As the climatic conditions in the Aceh are suitable for palm trees, the oil palm plantation area has expanded e...

  17. Weapons grade plutonium disposition in PWR, CANDU and FR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the frame work of the AIDA/MOX phase I/I/ program (1994-1997) between France and Russia, the disposition of plutonium in reactors was studied. The LWR (Light Water Reactor), FR (Fast reactors), CANDU (Heavy Water Reactors), HTR (High Temperature Reactors) options for using excess dismantled weapons plutonium for peaceful commercial nuclear power generating purposes offer some advantages over the remaining options (storage). The AIDA/MOX phase 1 program covers different topics, among which are the neutronic aspects of loading reactors with weapons-grade plutonium. The conclusions are that the weapon plutonium consumption is similar in the different type of reactors. However, the use of inert matrices allows to increase the mass balance for a same denaturing level. The use of Thorium as a matrix or special isotopes to increase the proliferation resistance prove to be insufficient. (author)

  18. Lähme, naised / Tiina Kuuler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuuler, Tiina, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Muusikasündmustest: Volbriöö peod 30. apr. Tallinnas, Tõrvas, Tartus ja Rakveres, ansambli Köök, ETV tütarlastekoori ja G. Otsa nim. Tallinna Muusikakooli bigbändi kontsert 29. apr. Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas, löökpillimuusika 25. apr. Viljandis Pärimusmuusika Aidas, ürituses "Cabaret Derrida" 25. apr. Tallinnas Kultuurikatlas ja 30. apr. Tartus Sadamateatris, Anne Veski soolokontsert 1. mail Tallinna Linnahallis, kontsert "Anarhy in the Est 2008" 1. mail Tartus, Tshellokvartett C-JAM 26. apr. Vihterpalu mõisas, öölaulupidu 28. apr. Tartu kevadpäevade raames Kassitoome nõlvadel, No Smoking Orchestra 26. apr. Tallinnas Club Von Überblingenis, löökpillimängijate showgrupp Trash.dk 25. apr. Pärnu kontserdimajas ja 26. apr. Vanemuise kontserdimajas

  19. El Cardenal Isidro Gomá y la cuestión vasca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dionisio Vivas, Miguel Ángel

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the many areas of activity of Cardinal Isidro Goma during the Civil War was the attention to the Basque question. After, the controversy with lehendakari Aguirre A, the result of the alignment of Basque nationalism with the Republic. The primate was also a central role regarding the end of conflict in the Basque Country, with negotiations for the surrender of Bilbao. Finally had to face conflict with the national clergy, who remained in Spain, who was victimized who was exiled or those who criticized the position of Cardinal Goma.Uno de los múltiples campos de actuación del cardenal Isidro Gomá durante la guerra civil fue la atención a la cuestión vasca. En primer lugar los problemas derivados del enfrentamiento de las autoridades militares con el obispo de Vitoria, Mateo Múgica. Después la polémica entre el propio Gomá y el lehendakari Aguirre, consecuencia del alineamiento del nacionalismo vasco con la República. El primado tuvo, asimismo, un papel central en torno al fin del conflicto bélico en el Pais Vasco, con las negociaciones para la rendición de Bilbao. Por último debió afrontar los conflictos clero nacionalista, el que permaneció en España, el que fue represaliado y el que fue exiliado o aquellos que censuraron la posición del Cardenal Gomá.

  20. Two new species of Anagyrus (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) from Argentina, parasitoids of Hypogeococcus spp. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), with taxonomic notes on some congeneric taxa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triapitsyn, Serguei V; Logarzo, Guillermo A; Aguirre, María B; Aquino, Daniel A

    2014-01-01

    Two new species of Anagyrus Howard (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) are described from Argentina, A. cachamai Triapitsyn, Logarzo & Aguirre sp. n. (Catamarca, Córdoba, Salta and Tucumán Provinces) and A. quilmes Triapitsyn, Logarzo & Aguirre sp. n. (Catamarca, Salta and Tucumán). Both new species are parasitoids of Hypogeococcus spp. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Anagyrus cachamai is a parasitoid of H. pungens Granara de Willink on Alternanthera paronychioides, A. pungens and Gomphrena sp. (Amaranthaceae), and also of a Hypogeococcus sp. on Cleistocactus baumannii and Hypogeococcus sp. on C. smaragdiflorus (Cactaceae). Anagyrus quilmes is a parasitoid of H. pungens on A. paronychioides, A. pungens and Gomphrena sp. Other biological traits of the new species are also reported. These parasitoids may be of importance as potential candidate biological control agents against a Hypogeococcus sp., commonly called the Harrisia cactus mealybug and identified as H. pungens, but possibly not belonging to that species. This mealybug threatens the native cacti in some Caribbean islands and Florida, USA, and is devastating the native columnar cacti in Puerto Rico. Illustrations and taxonomic notes on the type specimens of some other, little known described species of Anagyrus from Argentina and Chile are provided, and a key to females of the 14 species of Anagyrus known from Argentina is given. Anagyrus nigriceps (De Santis) syn. n. is synonymized under A. bellator (De Santis). Lectotypes are designated for Paranusia bifasciata Brèthes, Philoponectroma pectinatum Brèthes, and Protanagyrus aciculatus Blanchard.  PMID:25283404

  1. Relaciones entre el derecho internacional y el derecho interno: Nuevas perspectivas doctrinales y jurisprudenciales en el ámbito americano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aníbal Quiroga León

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la protección de los derechos fundamentales en el marco de las relaciones entre derecho internacional y derecho interno, teniendo como punto central el sistema interamericano y sus órganos de aplicación, La Comisión y la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, considerando aspectos procedimentales y la adopción de medidas cautelares por esta última. Finalmente, se analiza la superioridad del derecho internacional de los derechos humanos sobre el derecho interno, teniendo como fundamento los casos "Barrios Altos" (Chumbipoma Aguirre y otros, cuya sentencia es del 14 de marzo del 2001 y el caso "La última tentación de Cristo" (Olmedo Bustos y otros cuya sentencia es del 05 de febrero del 2001.This article analyzes the protection of fundamental rights within the framework of the relationship between international and internal law. The core of our analysis is the Inter-American system, and its bodies of application: the Inter- American Human Rights Commission and Court. We consider procedural dimensions as well as precautionary measures pertaining to the latter. Finally, we examine the preeminence of the international law of human rights over internal law, on grounds of the "Barrios Altos" case (Chumbipoma Aguirre et al., decided on March, 2001 y the "La última tentación de Cristo" case (Olmedo Bustos et al. decided on February 5, 2001.

  2. Fauna de mamiferos del pleistoceno superior del yacimiento de las Majolicas (Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberdi, Mª T.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we describe the fossils of macromarnmals provided by Las Majolicas site (Granada, Spain. This site was excavated in the 50's by E. Aguirre. The high frecuency of cervids with 469 fossils identified out of 558 is remarkable. We have compared Cervus elaphus from Las Majolicas with others that belong to the Cantabrian Range and we can conclude that they have smaller sizes, a fact which can be related to the more meridional situation of the site. According to the fauna that appears in Las Majolicas this site might be located in the Upper Pleistocene.En este trabajo se describen los fósiles de macromamíferos del yacimiento de Las Majolicas (Granada, España, excavado en la década de los cincuenta por E. Aguirre. En él predominan los cérvidos, con 469 restos identificados de un total de 558. Los restos de Cervus elaphus al compararlos con otros ejemplares del Pleistoceno superior de la Cordillera Cantábrica presentan un menor tamaño, lo cual podría indicar una reducción de la talla en relación al nivel más meridional de esta localidad. La fauna presente en Las Majolicas indica su posible asignación al Pleistoceno Superior

  3. Hyperandrogenism in female athletes with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea: a distinct phenotype

    OpenAIRE

    Javed A; Kashyap R; Lteif AN

    2015-01-01

    Asma Javed,1 Rahul Kashyap,2 Aida N Lteif1 1Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 2Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA Objective: To compare the reproductive, metabolic, and skeletal profiles of young athletic women with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) as well as clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism (FHA-EX+HA) with body mass index matched women with FHA due to exe...

  4. Ice nucleation properties of mineral dusts

    OpenAIRE

    Steinke, Isabelle

    2013-01-01

    Ice nucleation in clouds has a significant impact on the global hydrological cycle as well as on the radiative budget of the Earth. The AIDA cloud chamber was used to investigate the ice nucleation efficiency of various atmospherically relevant mineral dusts. From experiments with Arizona Test Dust (ATD) a humidity and temperature dependent ice nucleation active surface site density parameterization was developed to describe deposition nucleation at temperatures above 220 K. Based...

  5. SOME THEORETICAL MODELS EXPLAINING ADVERTISING EFFECTS

    OpenAIRE

    Vasilica Magdalena SOMEŞFĂLEAN

    2014-01-01

    Persuade clients is still the main focus of the companies, using a set of methods and techniques designed to influence their behavior, in order to obtain better results (profits) over a longer period of time. Since the late nineteenth - early twentieth century, the american E.St.Elmo Lewis, considered a pioneer in advertising and sales, developed the first theory, AIDA model, later used by marketers and advertisers to develop a marketing communications strategy. Later studies have developed o...

  6. Program-Controlled High Voltage Module in Active Voltage Dividers(AVD) for MPGD

    CERN Document Server

    Ginting, Muhammad Fadhil

    2016-01-01

    Micro Pattern Gas Detectors (MPGD) applications are rapidly developing and became an important part of upgrades for the LHC detectors. RD51/CERN have worked on Active Voltage Divider (AVD) technology for multistage MPGDs, One of the next developments for the AVD is to design and integrate high voltage module in a single box. The Program-Controlled High Voltage Module, part of one AIDA2020 project, has been successfully designed and developed, and can be integrated in AVD design.

  7. Identity development in adolescents with mental problems

    OpenAIRE

    Jung, Emanuel; Pick, Oliver; Schlüter-Müller, Susanne; Schmeck, Klaus; Goth, Kirstin

    2013-01-01

    Background: In the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5), “Identity” is an essential diagnostic criterion for personality disorders (self-related personality functioning) in the alternative approach to the diagnosis of personality disorders in Section III of DSM-5. Integrating a broad range of established identity concepts, AIDA (Assessment of Identity Development in Adolescence) is a new questionnaire to assess pathology-related identity development in healthy and disturb...

  8. Info-learn : la nuova area di intersezione fra editoria multimediale, e-learning e knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Eletti, Valerio

    2004-01-01

    The point of view of an outsider from AIDA, italian association focused on development, planning, distribution and publishing management of: paper journal, multimedia offline publishing, on-line e-learning. In publishing, training and industry management the discussion is on: content management, document sharing, knowledge management. The IRST group from Trento works on a P2P solution to knowledge management. Enel group’ Sfera - learning company looks at info-learn, too, in a development poi...

  9. THE USE OF ROSSITER & PERCY MODEL IN ADVERTISEMENTS An Attempt To Analyze of Laundry Detergent Advertisements According To Rossiter & Percy Model

    OpenAIRE

    AKTAŞ, Hasret

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the late 20th century, researchers are studying models which are developed to explain and control the effects of advertisements on consumers. AIDA, NAIDAS, DAGMAR and the hierarchy-of-effects models are developed. As advertising advanced, models that are trying to explain how advertising works followed the advancements. The changes and developments that affect the whole world through the 80s affected these models too, and this led to development of new models. FCB, Rossiter&...

  10. Investigating the effect of advertisement on consumer behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Sahar Khodakaram Arzanagh; Habibollah Danaei

    2014-01-01

    During the past few years, there has been tremendous increase in advertisement expenses all over the world. Therefore, it is important to examine, to investigate and to evaluate the performance of advertisement to reach organizations’ objectives. This paper presents an empirical investigation using highly reliable and efficient method called AIDA, which consists of four factors: attention, interest, desire and action. The study is implemented for one of Iranian food suppliers called TABAROK l...

  11. Rock'n'roll'i hotellipidaja / Ants Johanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johanson, Ants, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Ansamblist Rock Hotel (ansambli 30. sünnipäeva tähistamise juubelikontsertdid toimuvad 14. okt. Pärnu Endla teatris, 15. okt. Rakvere Teatris, 16. okt. Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas, 17. okt. Paide kultuurikeskuses, 18. okt. Võru kultuurimajas Kannel, 19. okt. Vanemuise väikeses majas ja 20. okt. Vene Teatris, 9. okt. toimub Tallinnas Viru Keskuse kaupluses Rahva Raamat mälestusteraamatu "Aeg meid muutnud on? - Rock-Hotel 30" esitlus)

  12. Entwicklung einer Prognosesimulation für Zahnprothetiken in der Zahnmedizin

    OpenAIRE

    Niesner, Olaf Sylvain

    2002-01-01

    Ziel der Arbeit ist es, die AIDA-Systematik in Richtung einer funktionellen Prognose für die Behandlungsalternativen auszubauen, damit die einzelnen Be-handlungsalternativen bewertet werden können. Dazu sollte ein konzeptuelles Modell für Simulation von Zahnprothetiken erstellt werden, das biomechanische Vorgänge erfaßt und zu einem validierbaren Softwareprototypen weiterentwickelt. Validierung kann in diesem Zusammenhang nur in dem Maße erfolgen, wie Vergleichsdaten vorliegen. Das konzeptuel...

  13. Linnateater sai ruumi juurde / Ester Shank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Šank, Ester, 1956-

    1999-01-01

    27. III lisanduvad Lai 23 asuvale Tallinna Linnateatri väikesele saalile naabermajad Lai 21 ja Lai 19 / Aida 2, millega on realiseeritud esimene osa uue teatrimaja ehitusprojektist. Projekti autor Kalle Rõõmus. Sisekujundajad Argo ja Katrin Vaikla. Teatritehnoloogia: Mikko Hausmann Soomest. Peatöövõtja Estconde-E. Kogu projektist, vastvalminud osast, ehitusloost. Kommenteerivad K. Rõõmus, teatri direktor Raivo Põldmaa, projektijuht Liivo Kruusel. 8 ill

  14. AFTER THREE-YEAR IMMERSION IN THE AUSTRALIAN MAINSTREAM CLASSROOM: TOWARDS MORE ADVANCED ESL LITERACY LEARNING DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Bambang Yudi Cahyono

    2006-01-01

    This article is one of two studies about literacy learning of Aida, an Indonesian young English language learner who was mainstreamed in an Australian primary school in Melbourne. It described the development of her more advanced literacy learning. This article suggests that a learner's literacy learning of ESL in the mainstream classroom can be facilitated if there are a number of contributing factors, especially those related to literacy learning policies, learning environment, and teachers...

  15. Heterogeneous ice nucleation activity of bacteria : new laboratory experiments at simulated cloud conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Möhler, O.; Georgakopoulos, D. G.; Morris, C. E.; S. Benz; Ebert, V.; Hunsmann, S.; Saathoff, H.; M. Schnaiter; Wagner, R.

    2008-01-01

    The ice nucleation activities of five different Pseudomonas syringae, Pseudomonas viridiflava and Erwinia herbicola bacterial species and of Snomax™ were investigated in the temperature range between −5 and −15°C. Water suspensions of these bacteria were directly sprayed into the cloud chamber of the AIDA facility of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe at a temperature of −5.7°C. At this temperature...

  16. Adoption of e-health technology by physicians: a scoping review

    OpenAIRE

    de Grood, Chloe; Raissi,Aida; Kwon, Yoojin; Santana, Maria

    2016-01-01

    Chloe de Grood,1 Aida Raissi,2 Yoojin Kwon,3 Maria Jose Santana1 1Department of Community Health Sciences, W21C Research and Innovation Centre, University of Calgary, Calgary, 2University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, 3Toronto Public Library, Toronto, ON, Canada Objective: The goal of this scoping review was to summarize the current literature identifying barriers and opportunities that facilitate adoption of e-health technology by physicians.Design: Scoping review.Setting: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and P...

  17. Marketingová komunikace

    OpenAIRE

    Doležalová, Michaela

    2011-01-01

    Marketing communication is very important for every company. Selection of a comware has to correspond to focus groups of customers, character of product, company intentions and dedicated budget. The theoretical part of this thesis concerns about marketing and business conception. Then marketing mix and its items, which creates a model 4P and 7P, is described. Another items are described by model 4C and 4S. Chapter Communication is about communication process and model AIDA, which d...

  18. Laser filament-induced aerosol formation

    OpenAIRE

    Saathoff, H.; Henin, S.; Stelmaszczyk, K.; Petrarca, M.; Delagrange, R.; Hao, Z.; Lüder, J.; Möhler, O.; Y. Petit; Rohwetter, P.; Schnaiter, M.; Kasparian, J.; Leisner, T.; J.-P. Wolf; Wöste, L.

    2012-01-01

    Using the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA we investigated the laser filament induced particle formation in ambient air, humid synthetic air, humid nitrogen, argon-oxygen mixture, and pure argon in order to simulate the particle formation under realistic atmospheric conditions as well as to investigate the influence of typical gas-phase atmospheric constituents on the particle formation. Terawatt laser plasma filaments generated new particles in the size range 3 to 130 nm with partic...

  19. Laser filament-induced aerosol formation

    OpenAIRE

    Saathoff, H.; Henin, S.; Stelmaszczyk, K.; Petrarca, M.; Delagrange, R.; Hao, Z.; Lüder, J.; Möhler, O.; Y. Petit; Rohwetter, P.; Schnaiter, M.; Kasparian, J.; Leisner, T.; J.-P. Wolf; Wöste, L.

    2013-01-01

    Using the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA, we investigated the laser filament induced particle formation in ambient air, humid synthetic air, humid nitrogen, argon–oxygen mixture, and pure argon in order to simulate the particle formation under realistic atmospheric conditions as well as to investigate the influence of typical gas-phase atmospheric constituents on the particle formation. Terawatt laser plasma filaments generated new particles in the size range 3 to 130 nm with parti...

  20. Laser filament-induced aerosol formation

    OpenAIRE

    Saathoff, H.; Henin, S.; Stelmaszczyk, K.; Petrarca, M.; Delagrange, R.; Hao, Z.; Lüder, J.; Möhler, O.; Y. Petit; Rohwetter, P.; Schnaiter, M.; Kasparian, J.; Leisner, T.; Wolf, J.-P.; Wöste, L.

    2013-01-01

    Using the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA, we investigated the laser filament induced particle formation in ambient air, humid synthetic air, humid nitrogen, argon–oxygen mixture, and pure argon in order to simulate the particle formation under realistic atmospheric conditions as well as to investigate the influence of typical gas-phase atmospheric constituents on the particle formation. Terawatt laser plasma filaments generated new particles in the size range 3 to...

  1. Non Grata Pärnus ja Mehhikos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    3. nov.-st Pärnu Muuseumi Aidas nongratalaste viimase aja loomingu näitus "Non Grata esitleb". 13.-23. X osales Academia Non Grata Mexico Citys rahvusvahelisel performance'ifestivalil "Octava Muestra International de Performance", teemaks "Utoopia". Esitleti videoprogrammi utoopiateemalistest performance'itest ja liveina Jan Bergi performance'it "Maailma tootja". 20. X avas Jan Berg Venustiano Carranza alternatiivgaleriis isiknäituse "Musta ja valge positsioonid".

  2. Menopausal symptoms and quality of life among Saudi women visiting primary care clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    OpenAIRE

    AlAteeq, Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    Aida AlDughaither,1 Hind AlMutairy,2 Mohammed AlAteeq11College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences, 2Department of Family Medicine and PHC, King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Objectives: Menopause is associated with somatic, vasomotor, psychological, and sexual complaints that may affect quality of life. We determined the prevalence and severity of menopausal...

  3. Ejecta Cloud from a Kinetic Impact on the Secondary of a Binary Asteroid: I. Mechanical Environment and Dynamic Model

    CERN Document Server

    Yu, Yang; Schwartz, Stephen R; Naidu, Shantanu P; Benner, Lance A M

    2016-01-01

    An understanding of the post-impact dynamics of ejecta clouds are crucial to the planning of a kinetic impact mission to an asteroid, and also has great implications for the history of planetary formation. The purpose of this article to track the evolution of ejecta produced by AIDA mission, which targets for kinetic impact the secondary of near-Earth binary asteroid 65803 Didymos on 2022, and to feedback essential informations to AIDA's ongoing phase-A study. We present a detailed dynamic model for the simulation of an ejecta cloud from a binary asteroid that synthesizes all relevant forces based on a previous analysis of the mechanical environment. We apply our method to gain insight into the expected response of Didymos to the AIDA impact, including the subsequent evolution of debris and dust. The crater scaling relations from laboratory experiments are employed to approximate the distributions of ejecta mass and launching speed. The size composition of fragments is modeled with a power law fitted from obs...

  4. Using GAIDA (Guide to AI Data Analysis) to analyze data collected from artificial insemination programmes for cattle in developing countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objectives of AIDA (Artificial Insemination Database Application) and its companion GAIDA (Guide to AI Data Analysis) are to address two major problems in on-farm research on livestock production. The first is the quality of the data collected and the second is the intellectual rigor of the analyses and their associated results when statistically testing causal hypotheses. The solution is to develop a data management system such as AIDA and an analysis system such as GAIDA to estimate parameters that explain biological mechanisms for on-farm application. The system uses epidemiological study designs in the uncontrolled research environment of the farm, uses a database manager (Microsoft Access) to handle data management issues encountered in preparing data for analysis, and then uses a statistical program (SYSTAT) to do preliminary analyses. These analyses enable the researcher to have better understanding of the biological mechanisms involved in the data contained within the AIDA database. Using GAIDA as a guide, this preliminary analysis helps to determine the strategy for further in-depth analyses. (author)

  5. Design concepts and options for the Thermal Infrared Imager (TIRI) as part of ESA's Asteroid Impact Mission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowles, Neil; Calcutt, Simon; Licandro, Javier; Reyes, Marcos; Delbo, Marco; Donaldson Hanna, Kerri; Arnold, Jessica; Howe, Chris

    2016-04-01

    ESA's Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is being studied as part of the joint ESA/NASA AIDA mission for launch in 2020. AIDA's primary mission is to investigate the effect of a kinetic impactor on the secondary component of the binary asteroid 65803 Didymos in late 2022. AIM will characterise the Didymos system and monitor the response of the binary system to the impact. A multi-spectral, thermal-infrared imaging instrument (TIRI) will be an essential component of AIM's remote sensing payload, as it will provide key information on the nature of the surfaces (e.g. presence or absence of materials, degree of compaction, and rock abundance of the regolith) of both components in the Didymos system. The temperature maps provided by TIRI will be important for navigation and spacecraft health and safety for proximity/lander operations. By measuring the asteroids' diurnal thermal responses (thermal inertia) and their surface compositions via spectral signatures, TIRI will provide information on the origin and evolution of the binary system. In this presentation we will discuss possible instrument design for TIRI, exploring options that include imaging spectroscopy to broadband imaging. By using thermal models and compositional analogues of the Didymos system we will show how the performance of each design option compares to the wider scientific goals of the AIDA/AIM mission.

  6. Growth and yield of different brassica genotypes under saline sodic conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A field study was conducted at farmer's salt-affected field (ECe=12.3 dS m/sup -1/; pH=9.7; SAR=46.2) in Hafizabad to test growth and yield response of six Brassica cultivars (BARD-I, Dunkled, Rainbow, BRS-II, Sultan Raya and cv. 95102-5) under saline sodic conditions. Data on growth and yield parameters were collected randomly (average of five plants per replication) at the time of crop maturity. Ionic concentration in plant tissues and oil content in seeds were also determined. Comparatively more number of branches and pods per plant were produced by cultivar Dunkled closely followed by BARD-I while maximum seed yield (241.7 and 235.1 kg ha ) was obtained from Dunkled and Sultan Raya, respectively which was statistically at par. However, BRS-II and Rainbow showed significantly more percent oil contents in their seeds but genotype Dunkled showed minimum Na+ and K+ concentration in their tissues. (author)

  7. Harvest time residues of pendimethalin and oxyfluorfen in vegetables and soil in sugarcane-based intercropping systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Navneet; Bhullar, Makhan S

    2015-05-01

    Terminal residues of pendimethalin and oxyfluorfen applied in autumn sugarcane- and vegetables-based intercropping systems were analyzed in peas (Pisum sativum), cabbage (Brassica oleracea), garlic (Allium sativum), gobhi sarson (Brassica napus), and raya (Brassica juncea). The study was conducted in winter season in 2010-2011 and in 2011-2012 at Ludhiana, India. Pendimethalin at 0.56 kg and 0.75 kg ha(-1) was applied immediately after sowing of gobhi sarson, raya, peas, garlic, and 2 days before transplanting of cabbage seedlings. Oxyfluorfen at 0.17 kg and 0.23 kg ha(-1) was applied immediately after sowing of peas and garlic and 2 days before transplanting of cabbage seedlings intercropped in autumn sugarcane. Representative samples of these vegetables were collected at 75, 90, 100, and 165 days after application of herbicides and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC) with diode array detector for residues. The residue level of pendimethalin and oxyfluorfen in mature vegetables was found to be below the limit of quantification which is 0.05 mg kg(-1) for both the herbicides. The soil samples were collected at 0, 7, 15, 30, 45, and 60 days after the application of their herbicides. The residues of herbicides in soil samples were found to be below the detectability limit of 0.05 mg kg(-1) after 60 days in case of pendimethalin and after 45 days in case of oxyfluorfen. PMID:25832010

  8. Development of Improved Varieties of Rapeseed and Mustard through In Vivo Mutagenesis and Hybridization in Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rapeseed and mustard are the second most important source of vegetable oil in Pakistan. However, due to low productivity, these crops have been pushed to marginal lands, which resulted in a narrow genetic base. Mutation breeding research in conjunction with classical breeding techniques were therefore initiated at NIFA in 1989 to induce useful genetic variability in characters of economic importance in Oilseed Brassicas. The research efforts have resulted in the development of three varieties, namely Abasin-95 in 1996, NIFA-Raya in 2003 and Durr-e-NIFA in 2005. These varieties were approved by Seed Council of North West Frontier Province (NWFP) for commercial cultivation in the irrigated and rainfed areas of the province. Abasin-95 and NIFA-Raya are the first ever mutant varieties respectively of rapeseed and mustard in Pakistan. Durr-e-NIFA was developed from a hybridized population of a cross between 'Dunkeld' and 'Abasin-95'. All the three varieties possess high yield potential, medium-to-high oil content, early maturity and broader adaptability to rainfed and irrigated environments in comparison with the local check varieties and respective parents. These varieties are being cultivated by growers on appreciable areas. This paper reports the developmental history and performance of these varieties. (author)

  9. Distilling information from noisy data: Examples from microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hom, Erik Forbes Y.

    2006-06-01

    Noise is intrinsic to every experiment. While often viewed as a nuisance, work on the theory of fluctuations has shown that noise may actually contain useful information. This two-part thesis explores the duality of noise as information and disinformation, specifically in applications of fluorescence microscopy. In Part I, I describe theoretical, experimental, and computational developments in two-color fluorescence fluctuation microscopy (TCFFM). In TCFFM, intensity fluctuations of fluorescently-labeled molecules within a small optical volume are analyzed to glean information about the dynamics of system components. Focusing on bimolecular reactive systems of the form ( A + B [Special characters omitted.] C ), I present a general TCFFM theory and discuss how the analysis of fluctuation correlations can be used to measure absolute particle numbers and kinetic rates of binding. I also discuss the influence of Fürester resonance energy transfer, reaction rates and reactant concentrations, diffusion, and component visibility on correlation analyses. After describing a two-photon microscope system that I assembled for TCFFM measurements, I present experimental proof-of-principle results in a discussion of how TCFFM can be used to measure the equilibrium constant of two fluorescently-labeled interacting molecules. Complementing these experimental TCFFM studies, I describe a molecular dynamics/Monte Carlo-based simulation tool and demonstrate how it can be used to study more complex systems and experimental conditions that cannot be accounted for with the current theory. In Part II, I describe work on the Adaptive Image Deconvolution Algorithm (AIDA). AIDA is a computational tool for processing and de-noising astronomical and microscopy images. It is based on the proprietary MISTRAL method developed by Mugnier and co-workers (J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 21, 1841 (2004)), which has been shown to yield object reconstructions with excellent edge preservation, noise suppression

  10. Elasmobranchs observed in deepwaters (45-330m at Isla del Coco National Park, Costa Rica (Eastern Tropical Pacific

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Cortés

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Isla del Coco is an oceanic island 500km off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. It is a National Park and its marine fauna has been relatively well protected. The island is famous for its elasmobranch (sharks, rays and skates sightings in shallow waters. Here we present a catalogue of the deepwater elasmobranchs observed with the DeepSee submersible. Five species of sharks, six species of skates and one ray have been observed between 45 and 330m depth. Triaenodon obesus, the white tip reef shark, was commonly observed between 80 and 301m, but only in the afternoons. Sphyrna lewini, the scalloped hammerhead shark, was observed as deep a 303m, but commonly between 45 and 90m, and close to the island. Odontaspis ferox, the smalltooth sand tiger shark, was observed between 82 and 316m. Echinorhinus cookei, the prickly shark, was observed between 91 and 320m. Rhincodon typus, the whale shark, was observed only close to the island, between 77 and 80m. Taeniura meyeni, the marbled ray, was observed only close to the island, between 45 and 90m. A Dasyatis sp., similar to the the diamond stingray, was observed only once close to the island at 60m; this is the first report of this genus at Isla del Coco National Park. Manta birostris, the giant manta, was only observed close to the island at 90m. Mobula tarapacana, the sicklefin devil ray, was observed between 60 and 326m, extending its maximum depth almost 10 times what has been reported. Aetobatus narinari, the spotted eagle ray, was observed only close to the island between 60 and 82m. Torpedo peruana, the Peruvian torpedo ray, was observed only once at 313m, and is the first record of this species from Isla del Coco National Park.La Isla del Coco es una isla oceánica a 500km de la costa Pacífica de Costa Rica. Es un Parque Nacional donde la fauna marina ha estado relativamente bien protegida. La isla es famosa por los elasmobranquios (tiburones y rayas en aguas poco profundas. Aquí presentamos un cat

  11. y jurisprudenciales en el ámbito americano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aníbal Quiroga León

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la protección de los derechos fundamentales en el marco de las relaciones entre derecho internacional y derecho interno, teniendo como punto central el sistema interamericano y sus órganos de aplicación, La Comisión y la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, considerando aspectos procedimentales y la adopción de medidas cautelares por esta última. Finalmente, se analiza la superioridad del derecho internacional de los derechos humanos sobre el derecho interno, teniendo como fundamento los casos “Barrios Altos” (Chumbipoma Aguirre y otros, cuya sentencia es del 14 de marzo del 2001 y el caso“La última tentación de Cristo” (Olmedo Bustos y otros cuya sentencia es del 5 de febrero del 2001.

  12. Required criteria for recognizing new types of chaos: application to the "cord" attractor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letellier, Christophe; Aguirre, Luis A

    2012-03-01

    After suggesting criteria to recognize a new system and a new attractor-and to make a distinction between them-the paper details the topological analysis of the "cord" attractor. This attractor, which resembles a cord between two leaves, is produced by a three-dimensional system that is obtained after a modification of the Lorenz-84 model for the global atmospheric circulation [L. A. Aguirre and C. Letellier, Phys. Rev. E 83, 066209 (2011)]. The nontrivial topology of the attractor is described in terms of a template that corresponds to a reverse horseshoe, that is, to a spiral Rössler attractor with negative and positive global π twists. Due to its particular structure and to the fact that such a system has two variables from which the dynamics is poorly observable, this attractor qualifies as a challenging benchmark in nonlinear dynamics. PMID:22587158

  13. Sr-Nd isotope changes of late cretaceous to early miocene volcanic rocks in central Chile (33oS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A longitudinal depression, the Central Valley, separates the Coast Range from the Andean Cordillera in central Chile. It contains volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks of Late Cretaceous to Tertiary age deposited in a continental environment, and partly eroded Tertiary volcanic complexes. The age of the rocks at the northern end of the Central Valley and their grouping in formations have been a long-standing controversy in Chilean geology (Thomas, 1958; Aguirre, 1960; Drake et al., 1976; Vergara and Drake, 1979; Thiele, 1980; Moscoso et al., 1982; Gana and Wall, 1997; Lopez-Escobar and Vergara, 1997; Selles, 1999). Here, we report new 40Ar/39Ar data and Sr-Nd isotope ratios for lavas, pyroclastic flows and associated subvolcanic rocks from this part of central Chile (au)

  14. Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School

    CERN Document Server

    2008-01-01

    Nowadays we are facing numerous and important imaging problems: nondestructive testing of materials, monitoring of industrial processes, enhancement of oil production by efficient reservoir characterization, emerging developments in noninvasive imaging techniques for medical purposes - computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), X-ray and ultrasound tomography, etc. In the CIME Summer School on Imaging (Martina Franca, Italy 2002), leading experts in mathematical techniques and applications presented broad and useful introductions for non-experts and practitioners alike to many aspects of this exciting field. The volume contains part of the above lectures completed and updated by additional contributions on other related topics: a general presentation and introduction (Moscoso), X-ray tomography (Natterer), Electromagnetic imaging (Dorn, Bertete-Aguirre, Papanicolaou), coherent imaging in telecommunications in a multiple input-multiple output setup (Dorn...

  15. Efecto de actividades turísticas sobre el comportamiento de fauna representativa de las Islas Galápagos, Ecuador Short-term effects of tourism activities on the behavior of representative fauna on the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda González-Pérez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Fueron consideradas clave para actividades turísticas en 16 sitios de las Islas Galápagos: la raya sartén marmoleada (Taeniura meyeri, raya águila (Aetobatus narinari, tiburón de aleta blanca (Triaenodon obesus, tortuga verde (Chelonia mydas, cormorán no volador (Phalacrocorax harrisi y lobo marino de Galápagos (Zalophus califórnianus, con el objetivo de analizar reacciones a corto plazo ante actividades de buceo apnea o "snorkeling", buceo autónomo o "scuba", paseos en bote o "panga-ride" y caminatas. Para cada especie se documentó su comportamiento al momento del encuentro con los turistas y su reacción ante dicha situación. El uso del Análisis de Correspondencias reveló que el tipo de reacción de las especies depende significativamente de la actividad turística, a excepción de las rayas sartén marmoleada y águila. Asimismo, los análisis indican que, a nivel de especie, cada actividad turística estuvo asociada significativamente con reacciones animales particulares. Esto sugiere que las especies analizadas son sensibles ante determinadas actividades turísticas, por lo que se deberían implementar recomendaciones de manejo a fin de garantizar la sustentabilidad del ecoturismo.This study focused on the short-term reactions of six key species (Taeniura meyeri, Aetobatus narinari, Triaendon obesus, Chelonia mydas, Phalacrocorax harrisi, and Zalophus califórnianus during tourism activities (SCUBA diving, panga-ride, snorkeling, and hiking at 16 tourist sites on the islands. For each species we recorded its behavior when first encountering tourists and its reaction following this encounter. A Correspondence Analysis revealed that the type of reaction of the species depended significantly on the type of touristic activity, with the exception of the black spotted and eagle rays. Moreover, the analysis showed that, for each species, the different tourist activities were significantly associated with particular animal activities

  16. Relocation as Empowerment: Response, Welfare, and Life Quality of Street Vendors After Relocation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Handoyo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Keberadaan PKL di sepanjang jalan raya Magelang-Yogyakarta km 5-8 menyebabkan terganggunya kelancaran, ketertiban, keindahan dan kebersihan jalan. Untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan tersebut, pemerintah Kabupaten Magelang merelokasi PKL di sepanjang jalan raya Magelang-Yogyakarta km 5-8 ke PKL Mertoyudan Corner. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis bagaimana respons, kesejahteraan, dan kualitas hidup PKL pasca relokasi untuk melihat praktik pemberdayaan yang efektif. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif. Hasil penelitian dianalisis dengan teknik analisis kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwan PKL di jalan raya Magelang-Yogyakarta km 5-8 sebagian besar menunjukkan respons yang positif terhadap kebijakan relokasi, yaitu dalam bentuk penerimaan dan persetujuan (40% di antaranya memutuskan pindah. Kesejahteraan PKL, terutama dilihat dari pendapatan mengalami penurunan. Kualitas hidup PKL yang diukur dari aspek penghasilan, pemenuhan kebutuhan material, derajat dipenuhinya kebutuhan hayati, kebutuhan manusiawi dan kebebasan memilih juga menunjukkan penurunan. Kesimpulannya relokasi sebagai pemberdayaan agar berfungsi dengan baik harus mengembangkan program-program kreatif untuk mempopulerkan tempat relokasi.The presence of street vendors along Highway Magelang-Yogyakarta KM 5-8 lead to the disruption of the smooth, order, beauty and cleanliness of the streets. To resolve these problems, the government relocate the street vendors to street vendors Mertoyudan Corner. The purpose of this study was to analyze how the response, quality of life, and well-being after relocation to illuminate the practice of effective of empowerment. This study used qualitative methods. results showed that street vendors in Magelang-Yogyakarta highway km 5-8 mostly show a positive response to the relocation policy, namely in the form of acceptance and approval, while 40% of them decide to move. The welfare of street vendors, expecially seen from the

  17. The Punta del Este terrain and its volcano sedimentary cover, metamorphic and sedimentary: geology, geochemistry and geochronology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gariep belt it develops over the West Africa coastal region of Namibia underlying on Namaqua metamorphic complex.It characterized by supra crustal rocks affected for a very low to low metamorphism and in two tecto no-stratigraphic units identified by Base i et al 2005 showing that sediments of Formation Rocha in Uruguay and the Group Oranjemund Gariep in S E Africa have similar ages in the provenance of the zircons, suggesting that they were probably deposited in the same basin. This unit exhibits detrital zircons around 600my, sedimentation and metamorphism and deformación occur in a narrow time interval from 600-610 to 574 m (Granite de Castillo intrusion) .Cam pal et al, 2005 proposed to the Cerros Aguirre Formation similar in a range of age of different events. To the east separated from the Punta del Este Terrane –Pelotas. Aigua .Florianopolis batholith s by the shear zone Alferez Cordillera (Preciozzi et al. 1999, Basei et al. 2000) Another option develops this granitic belt is an integral part of Land Punta del Este Terrane(Preciozzi in this work), being deployed on a thin cratonic granite edge. The climax of the post-brasilian magmatism is 580my, strongly related to trans current movements (eg shear zones Major Gercino-Alferez- Cordillera and Sierra Ballena.In South America an old west domain is formed by the Piedra Alta Terrane which integrate the Río de la Pl ata Craton, a central domain intensely reworked by Neoproterozoic events known so far as Nico Perez . The primary coverage is integrated by two volcano-sedimentary basins (San Carlos Formation and Cerros de Aguirre Formation)In this study are considered the Geology,Geochemistry and Geochronology of the different units of Rocha Formation

  18. Aeromagnetic Study of Tke Huichapan Caldera; Central Volcanic Belt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, T.; Martin, A.; Alfaro, G.; Oyarzabal, E.

    2013-12-01

    Analysis of the aeromagnetic anomalies over the central sector of the Mexican Volcanic Belt sheds new light on the structure of the Huichapan Caldera. This volcanic center located 100 Km to the north- northwest of Mexico City is approximately 10 km in diameter and related to an ignimbrite sequence. Milan et al, (1993) and. Aguirre-Diaz and Lopez-Martinez (2009) mapped Huichapan area and described the geology and petrology of the erupted products in the region. Aguirre-Diaz and Lopez-Martinez (2009) suggest the idea of two overlapping calderas related to an ignimbrite sequence. The analyzed region is a rectangular area, approximately from 20.25 N to 20.42 N and between 99.42 W and 99.6 W. The total field aeromagnetic data was obtained with a Geometrics G-803 proton magnetometer at a flight altitude of 300 m above ground level. For the analysis of the anomalies, the data was further smoothed to construct a 1 km regularly spaced grid. The anomaly map was compared with the surface geology and larger anomalies were correlated with major volcanic features. Since our main interest was in mapping the subsurface intrusive and volcanic bodies, the total field magnetic anomalies were reduced to the pole by using the double integral Fourier method. The reduced to the pole anomaly map results in a simplified pattern of isolated positive and negative anomalies, which show an improved correlation with all major volcanic structures. For the analysis and interpretation of the anomalies, the reduced to the pole anomalies were continued upward at various reference levels. These operations result in smoothing of the anomaly field by the filtering of high frequency anomalies that may be related to shallow sources. Two profiles were selected that cross the major anomalies on the Huichapan Caldera. The Talwani algorithm for 2-D polygonal bodies has been used for calculating the theoretical anomalies.

  19. Laboratory studies with cloud-derived Bacterial Cells acting as Ice Nuclei in the Immersion and Deposition Mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oehm, C.; Chou, C.; Amato, P.; Attard, E.; Delort, A.-M.; Morris, C.; Kiselev, A.; Stetzer, O.; Möhler, O.; Leisner, T.

    2012-04-01

    Atmospheric aerosol particles play an important role in cloud microphysics. Aerosols of biological origin are a subgroup, and some of them are able to act as heterogeneous ice nuclei and thus influence cloud life cycles and the climate. Some bacteria species have been found to act as ice nuclei at relatively high temperatures up to -2 degree Celsius and are therefore of particular importance as "high temperature" ice nuclei. Recently, ice nucleation experiments with bacterial cells from different sources were performed at the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. At the AIDA facility, microphysical cloud processes can be simulated and investigated in laboratory at realistic atmospheric cloud conditions. Different ice nucleation active (INA) bacteria strains were isolated from cloud water, glacier melt water and phyllosphere and examined in AIDA experiments. The living cells were suspended in nanopure or artificial cloud water and injected into the cloud chamber through a dispersion nozzle. The injected droplets evaporated in the chamber and the bacterial cells were transformed into the aerosol phase. After the spraying, the cloud formation was started by expansion cooling. Experiments were performed in the temperature range from -2 down to -20 degree Celsius. Detailed measurements of the number concentration and size distribution of the aerosol particles as well as of the droplets and ice particles were carried out during the AIDA experiments. A minor fraction of the bacteria cells was observed to act as ice nuclei in the immersion nucleation mode at higher temperatures as well as in the deposition nucleation mode at lower temperatures. The ice activity started at -6 degree Celsius. The most efficient INA bacteria species were Pseudomonas syringae 32b74 and Pseudomonas fluorescens Antarctica1. The ice active number fraction with respect to the cells varied from 0,01 to 0,1, and it does not change at different

  20. ٍEvaluating Advertizing Effectiveness of Parsian Bank and Identifying the Factors with Most Influence on Its Improvement in the City of Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Rabiee

    2011-09-01

    Nowadays, organizations on one hand try to send effective messages through different media to persuade audience for buying their products and services and informing people about their differences and on the other hand, people are surrounded by different advertising everywhere and every time while, the most important thing in advertising subject is evaluating its effectiveness. In this study an attempt has been made to evaluate Parsian Bank's advertising effectiveness in attracting customers in the city of Tehran on the basis of how its advertising passes AIDA model's steps and also to determine the factors with the most influence on effectiveness improvement. In this study an attempt has been made to evaluate Parsian Bank's advertising effectiveness in attracting customers in the city of Tehran on the basis of how its advertising passes AIDA model's steps and also to determine the factors with the most influence on effectiveness improvement. The study findings which are obtained through descriptive-survey research and by the use of questionnaire indicate that the television and newspaper advertising of Parsian bank has passed the steps of the AIDA model successfully and has been effective. The comparative study of media advertising effectiveness imply that from customers' point of view, television is the most effective media in attracting them and newspaper is the next. In addition, they address the existing honesty and reality of delivered bank messages as the most important factors influencing on advertising effectiveness. Also, they have addressed good and respectful behavior of personnel with customers as the factor with the most influence on their attraction and respectively, have underlined television and newspaper as the media through which, they have the most access to advertising and they spend most of their time for. They highlight television and then, radio as the best quality media and also recommend television and then, newspaper for future advertising

  1. ٍEvaluating Advertizing Effectiveness of Parsian Bank and Identifying the Factors with Most Influence on Its Improvement in the City of Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Rabiee

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, organizations on one hand try to send effective messages through different media to persuade audience for buying their products and services and informing people about their differences and on the other hand, people are surrounded by different advertising everywhere and every time; while, the most important thing in advertising subject is evaluating its effectiveness. In this study an attempt has been made to evaluate Parsian Bank's advertising effectiveness in attracting customers in the city of Tehran on the basis of how its advertising passes AIDA model's steps and also to determine the factors with the most influence on effectiveness improvement. In this study an attempt has been made to evaluate Parsian Bank's advertising effectiveness in attracting customers in the city of Tehran on the basis of how its advertising passes AIDA model's steps and also to determine the factors with the most influence on effectiveness improvement. The study findings which are obtained through descriptive-survey research and by the use of questionnaire indicate that the television and newspaper advertising of Parsian bank has passed the steps of the AIDA model successfully and has been effective. The comparative study of media advertising effectiveness imply that from customers' point of view, television is the most effective media in attracting them and newspaper is the next. In addition, they address the existing honesty and reality of delivered bank messages as the most important factors influencing on advertising effectiveness. Also, they have addressed good and respectful behavior of personnel with customers as the factor with the most influence on their attraction and respectively, have underlined television and newspaper as the media through which, they have the most access to advertising and they spend most of their time for. They highlight television and then, radio as the best quality media and also recommend television and then, newspaper

  2. Orale Immunisierung mit rekombinanten "Escherichia coli" NISSLE 1917:Charakterisierung der humoralen Immunantwort gegen Oberflächenexprimierte heterologe Antigene aus "Borrelia burgdorferi" und "Listeria monocytogenes"

    OpenAIRE

    Buddenborg, C. (Christian)

    2005-01-01

    Im Rahmen dieser Arbeit wurde ein Lebendvektor-System zur oralen Immunisierung entwickelt, das aus dem apathogenen, probiotischen E. coli Stamm NISSLE 1917 besteht. Mit Hilfe des AIDA-Autotransporters wurden die äußeren Membranproteine OspA und OspG aus Borrelia burgdorferi bzw. p60 aus Listeria monocytogenes auf der Oberfläche von E. coli NISSLE 1917 präsentiert. Nach oraler Immunisierung der Versuchstiere wurden die spezifischen humoralen Immunantworten gegen die verwendeten Antigene in Ser...

  3. Cell volume and geometric parameters determination in living cells using confocal microscopy and 3D reconstruction

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: David Hevia, Aida Rodriguez-Garcia, Marta Alonso-Gervós, Isabel Quirós-González, Henar M Cimadevilla, Carmen Gómez-Cordovés, Rosa M Sainz & Juan C Mayo ### Abstract The protocol reported here describes a simple, easy, fast and reproducible method aimed to know the geometric parameters of living cells based on confocal laser scanning microscopy combined with 3D reconstruction software. Briefly, the method is based on intrinsic fluorescence properties of acridine orange (AO...

  4. Pärnus kestab VIII "IN graafika" festival

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Linnagaleriis ja kontserdimajas Loit Jõekalda kureeritud Eesti Vabagraafikute Ühenduse (EVÜ) väljapanek, kontserdimaja II korrusel Lembe Rubeni kureeritud "Igaviku konserv", Muuseumi Aidas rahvusvaheline näitus "Best of IG" ja soome graafika Reijo Mörö valikus, TÜ Pärnu kolledzhi raamatukogus Urmas Viigi TPÜ kunstiüliõpilaste tööd, Hansapanga kontoris Piret Smagari graafika jpm. 12. I esitleti Marianne Männi koomiksiraamatut "Paradise", esines rühmitus FLY, toimus EVÜ konverents jm. Workshopid 16.-17. I

  5. Sipelgas ja tuvi : [valmid] / Lev Tolstoi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tolstoi, Lev, 1828-1910

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Sipelgas ja tuvi ; Vanaisa ja lapselaps ; Valetaja ; Talupoeg ja kurgid ; Hunt ja vibu ; Õpetatud poeg ; Kandam ; Part ja kuu ; Öökull ja jänes ; Hiir aida all ; Kolm saia ja üks kuivik ; Jahipistrik ja kukk ; Isad ja pojad ; Pime ja piim ; Võrdne pärand ; Kaks kaupmeest ; Ronk ja rongapojad ; Kurg, kalad ja vähk ; Siil ja jänes ; Jänesed ja konnad ; Kuningas ja pistrik ; Jänes ja hagijas ; Metseesel ja kodueesel ; Linnud võrgus ; Kaks sõpra ; Kõrkjas ja õlipuu ; Kana ja tibud ; Lehm ja sokk ; Lõvi ja rebane ; Hirv ; Shaakalid ja elevant

  6. SOME THEORETICAL MODELS EXPLAINING ADVERTISING EFFECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasilica Magdalena SOMEŞFĂLEAN

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Persuade clients is still the main focus of the companies, using a set of methods and techniques designed to influence their behavior, in order to obtain better results (profits over a longer period of time. Since the late nineteenth - early twentieth century, the american E.St.Elmo Lewis, considered a pioneer in advertising and sales, developed the first theory, AIDA model, later used by marketers and advertisers to develop a marketing communications strategy. Later studies have developed other models that are the main subject of this research, which explains how and why persuasive communication works, to understand why some approaches are effective and others are not.

  7. The Asteroid Impact Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnelli, Ian; Galvez, Andres; Mellab, Karim

    2016-04-01

    The Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is a small and innovative mission of opportunity, currently under study at ESA, intending to demonstrate new technologies for future deep-space missions while addressing planetary defense objectives and performing for the first time detailed investigations of a binary asteroid system. It leverages on a unique opportunity provided by asteroid 65803 Didymos, set for an Earth close-encounter in October 2022, to achieve a fast mission return in only two years after launch in October/November 2020. AIM is also ESA's contribution to an international cooperation between ESA and NASA called Asteroid Impact Deflection Assessment (AIDA), consisting of two mission elements: the NASA Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission and the AIM rendezvous spacecraft. The primary goals of AIDA are to test our ability to perform a spacecraft impact on a near-Earth asteroid and to measure and characterize the deflection caused by the impact. The two mission components of AIDA, DART and AIM, are each independently valuable but when combined they provide a greatly increased scientific return. The DART hypervelocity impact on the secondary asteroid will alter the binary orbit period, which will also be measured by means of lightcurves observations from Earth-based telescopes. AIM instead will perform before and after detailed characterization shedding light on the dependence of the momentum transfer on the asteroid's bulk density, porosity, surface and internal properties. AIM will gather data describing the fragmentation and restructuring processes as well as the ejection of material, and relate them to parameters that can only be available from ground-based observations. Collisional events are of great importance in the formation and evolution of planetary systems, own Solar System and planetary rings. The AIDA scenario will provide a unique opportunity to observe a collision event directly in space, and simultaneously from ground-based optical and

  8. A Bosom Friend Afar Brings A Distant Land Near

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gerald; Beroud

    2014-01-01

    <正>In 1999,I joined the Vaud-Shaanxi Association(VSA)that had been founded by Mr.Simon Chappuis in1986,and got the opportunity to make contact with the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries(CPAFFC)for the fi rst time.Since then,the VSA has established friendly and cooperative relations with the CPAFFC and successfully sent its first group of visitors to China with its aid.A variety of activities has been gradually developed,especially mutual visits and cultural

  9. Maaleht soovitab : Anu Tali dirigeerib Vanemuises "Toscat". Vivaldi, Casanova ja Veneetsia. "Uinuv kaunitar" Vanemuises. Andrew Lloyd Webberi juubelikontserdid. Pärimusmuusika lõiluspidu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    27. sept. juhatab Anu Tali Vanemuise teatris Mikk Mikiveri lavastatud ja Ervin Õunapuu taastatud Puccini ooperilavastust "Tosca". Barokkansambel Corelli Consort ja Raivo Järvi esitavad kava "Vivaldi, Casanova ja Veneetsia" 15. okt. Maardu mõisa muusikasalongis, 18. okt. Pärnus sarjas "Café Grand muusikasalong" ja 19. okt. Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia majas sarjas "Toompea muusikasalong". Vanemuisees esietendub 4. okt. Pjotr Tshaikovski ballett "Uinuv kaunitar". Tallinnas Saku Suurhallis toimuvad 18. okt. briti muusikalihelilooja Andrew Lloyd Webberi 60. sünnipäevale pühendatud juubelikontserdid. Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas peetakse 10.-11. okt. "Pärimusmuusika lõikuspidu"

  10. PLUME collaboration: Ultra-light ladders for linear collider vertex detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The PLUME (Pixelated Ladder with Ultra-Low Material Embedding) Collaboration is developing ultra-light ladders for the vertex detector for a future linear collider. The double-sided ladder will integrate the sensors, readout infrastructure and mechanical supports with the aim of total material budget of 0.3% of radiation length. The requirement of as light as possible construction is driven by physics, in particular by measurements requiring determination of the quark charge sign. The first prototype ladders were prepared and tested in the beam. The alignment issues for the ladders will be tested within the AIDA (Advanced European Infrastructures for Detectors at Accelerators) EU FP7 project.

  11. Pärnu In Graafika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Pärnus V rahvusvaheline noorte graafikafestival alapealkirjaga "Kunsttööstus". Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli üliõpilaste graafika näitus Pärnu kolledzhis; esitletakse J. Visnapi ja K. Alesmaa Rootsis valminud litograafiaid; A. Isaku fotonäitus Agape keskuses; läti noorte P. Liepa, I. Maurite, L. Feldberga graafika Port Arturis; J. Karjalaneni, R. Mörö, V. P. Eroneni väljapanek Pärnu Linnagaleriis; Academia Non Grata ja Imatra Kunstiakadeemia ühisnäitus Muuseumi Aidas; A. Tõnissoo ja V. Plingi näitus ANG peamajas

  12. Combinar la escuela con trabajo a tiempo parcial. Resultados empíricos de Alemania

    OpenAIRE

    van Santen, Eric; Fillisch, Benjamin; Tully, Claus

    2015-01-01

    En el presente artículo se pretende esbozar el estado actual de las investigaciones sobre el empleo a tiempo parcial de estudiantes escolares. Los datos con respecto a Alemania se derivan de la encuesta AID:A con una población de estudiantes de entre 13 y 17 años (N = 2,763). Puesto que el motivo principal por el que los jóvenes deciden trabajar mientras estudian es ganar dinero, se han incluido en este estudio datos sobre su situación económica con y sin trabajo. Aproximadamente un tercio de...

  13. Integrative fitting of absorption line profiles with high accuracy, robustness, and speed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skrotzki, Julian; Habig, Jan Christoph; Ebert, Volker

    2014-08-01

    aerosol and cloud chamber aerosol interactions and dynamics in the atmosphere (AIDA)—a unique large-scale facility to study atmospheric processes. The robustness of the AI fitting algorithm has been validated for typical AIDA conditions encompassing strong transmission fluctuations during the formation of droplet or ice clouds inside AIDA. Under these conditions, the stability of the AI algorithm remained virtually unaffected. Thus, the AI algorithm presents an alternative technique for a fast, reliable, and accurate online data evaluation of the humidity measurements at AIDA.

  14. Menopausal symptoms and quality of life among Saudi women visiting primary care clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    OpenAIRE

    AlDughaither A; AlMutairy H; AlAteeq M

    2015-01-01

    Aida AlDughaither,1 Hind AlMutairy,2 Mohammed AlAteeq11College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences, 2Department of Family Medicine and PHC, King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Objectives: Menopause is associated with somatic, vasomotor, psychological, and sexual complaints that may affect quality of life. We determined the prevalence and severity of menopausal symptoms and their ...

  15. Pärnu In Graafika 2000

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline noorte graafikute festival Pärnus 12.-21. I. Pärnu kolledzhi teatronis Reiu Tüüri performance "Gutenbergi galaktika", "Endla" teatri palmisaalis Jan Bergi ja Villu Plingi kaksiknäitus, Muuseumi Aidas "5 Non Grata staari", Agape keskuses Al Paldroki graafika näitus, Port Arturis Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, Lehe kohviku galeriis Helsingi Kunstiakadeemia ja Pärnu Linnagaleriis Riia Kunstiakadeemia graafikute näitus. Workshopid Academia Non Graras. Paneeldiskussioon "Graafika täna" Pärnu Uue Kunsti Infokeskuses

  16. Biowaste fuels South-East Asian COGEN schemes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article reports on the COGEN Programme of the European Commission in association with the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), and considers the benefits of using biowaste for the production of energy using cogeneration with the corresponding reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases. The substitution of rice husks for the fuel in a cogeneration plant at a Thai rice mill, and the combustion of wood in the cogeneration plant at the Homet Raya plant in Malaysia are described, and details are given of the backgrounds to the projects, locations, the technologies used, and the process economics. The next phase of the COGEN programme due to start in 1998 which will see the programme expanded to include coal-fired and gas-fired cogeneration projects is discussed

  17. Konflik Kebijakan Pertambangan Antara Pemerintah dan Masyarakat di Kabupaten Buton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahrudin

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this research are to analysis and describe problems that become a conflict, the actor, and source of conflict at nickel mining in Talaga Raya Buton Municipal. The methods of this research use description qualitative approach. Data collect instrument use observation, interview and documentation. Research’s result shows that conflict can be happened if there are no communication between mining corporation, societies, and government security person in the term of no payback of land, plant which damage because of nickel mining.Beside, in policy formulation without involve societies. So that, it will become a conflict between corporation, societis and government security. This research recommended for government to make rule, which involve societies in formulation, so the interest of all elements will involve and they will implement together

  18. Estudio macro-microscópico de la involución uterina postparto en Alpacas (Macro and microscopic of uterine involution postpartum in alpacas summary)

    OpenAIRE

    MVZ. Augusto Excelmes Loza.

    2006-01-01

    El presente estudio se llevo a cabo en el Laboratorio de Histología y Embriología de la Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia de la Universidad Nacional del Altiplano; con alpacas provenientes de la Rural Alianza E.P.S. (4,140m.s.n.m), Centro Experimental Quinsachata-INIA (4,050 m.s.n.m) y el Centro de Investigación y Producción La Raya (4,130 m.s.n.m), cuyo objetivo fue el estudio del proceso de la involución uterina post parto en la alpaca, desde el parto hasta los 30dpp. Para tal pr...

  19. Estudio macro-microscópico de la involución uterina postparto en alpacas - Macro and microscopic of uterine involution postpartum in alpacas

    OpenAIRE

    MVZ. Augusto Excelmes Loza. Puno-Perú 2005

    2006-01-01

    El presente estudio se llevo a cabo en el Laboratorio de Histología y Embriología de la Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia de la Universidad Nacional del Altiplano; con alpacas provenientes de la Rural Alianza E.P.S. (4,140m.s.n.m), Centro Experimental Quinsachata-INIA (4,050 m.s.n.m) y el Centro de Investigación y Producción La Raya (4,130 m.s.n.m), cuyo objetivo fue el estudio del proceso de la involución uterina post parto en la alpaca, desde el parto hasta los 30dpp. Para tal pr...

  20. SEASONAL ABUNDANCE OF ADULT AND IMMATURE AEDES AEGYPTI (L. IN JAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Nelson

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Dari bulan Mei 1973 sampai bulan Juni 1974 telah dilakukan pengamatan nyamuk Aedes aegypti stadium dewasa dan larva di keempat daerah kota yang berpenduduk padat di Jakarta Raya. Pengamatan dikerjakan 2 kali dalam satu bulan Daya tarik nyamuk terhadap manusia rata-rata 1.2 induk betina dan 1.6 untuk nyamuk jantan tiap orang tiap jam. Dalam 100 rumah diketemukan rata-rata 180 buah bejana berisi air, dimana 58 buah positif; Container index (persentasi bejana yang tositif 32 persen House index (persentasi rumah yang positif adalah 47 persen dan Breteau index jumlah bejana positif dalam 100 rumah adalah 58. Kepadatan nyamuk baik larva maupun dewasa rata-rata hampir sama sepanjang tahun, (tidak ada perbedaan pada musim hujan dan musim panas, temperatur dan kelembaban juga rata-rata hampir sama sepanjang tahun. hampir semua tempat perindukan terdapat didalam rumah, hingga sedikit sekali bejana diluar rumah yang terisi oleh air hujan dalam musim hujan.

  1. Man-made Earthquakes & Multifractals in Neutral Fluid Turbulence/Injection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maksoed, Wh-

    Man-made earthquakes coincides with induced seismicity:''typically minor earthquakes & tremors that are caused by human activity that alters the stresses & Strains on the earth crust''[Wikipedia:''induced seismicity'']. For these, RD Andrews wrote:''Based on observed seismicity rate &geographical trends following major oil & gas plays with large amounts of produced water, the rates &trends in seismicity are very unlikely to represent a naturally occurring process''. ``The Prague, Oklahoma, earthquake sequence of 2011, along the Wilzetta faults zone, included the significant foreshock, a main shock of magnetic 5.7, it has been suggested that this sequence represent earthquakes triggered by fluid injection/natural fluid turbulence shows multifractal characteristics , of [405 ]-325-7968 of Dr. G. Randy Keller to UI tuitions of @ Rp. 29, 405, 000.00. Acknowledgements to HE. Mr. H. TUK SETYOHADI, Jl. Sriwijaya Raya 3, South-Jakarta, INDONESIA.

  2. PENYELENGGARAAN PROGRAN SD-SMP SATU ATAP DALAM LATAR BUDAYA RUMAH BETANG KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudi Hasan

    2014-06-01

    Abstrak: Penyelenggaraan Progran SD-SMP Satu Atap dalam Latar Budaya Rumah Betang Kali­mantan Tengah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan penyelengaaraan program SD-SMP Satu Atap dalam latar budaya rumah Betang Kalimantan Tengah yang dikaitkan dengan struktur birokrasi, sumber daya, dan komunikasi. Penelitian kualitatif dilaksanakan di tiga lokasi, yaitu pada SMPN Satu Atap 1 Mihing Raya, SMPN Satu Atap 2 Kurun, dan SMPN Satu Atap 3 Tewah di Kabupaten Gunung Mas, Propinsi Kalimantan Tengah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa acuan standar yang jelas, koordinasi yang intensif, dan pemberdayaan sumber daya manusia yang tepat sesuai dengan pendekatan nilai-nilai budaya rumah Betang dapat mencapai penyelenggaraan program SD-SMP Satu Atap yang efektif. Hal itu juga didukung oleh pengelolaan sumberdaya dan komunikasi yang mendasarkan diri pada nilai kekeluargaan, kebersamaan, loyalitas, dan keakraban.

  3. The physiology of extremely desiccated Brassica juncea (L seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savita Khattra

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Seeds of four raya cvs., viz. RL 1359, RLM 198, RLM 619 and RLM 514 were desiccated for 2, 7, 15 and 45 days wchich led to different levels of seed moisture. Data on germination capacity speed of germination, seedling dry weight, electrical conductance, dehydrogenase activity and seed storage behaviour for up to two years after desiccation were recorded. Based on this data, cvs. RL 1359 and RLM 514 were found to be tolerant to desiccation 10 as low as 0.73 and 1.16 per cent seed moisture levels, respectively. Seeds of RLM 198 tolerated desiccation up to 2.28 per cent seed moisture. However, RLM 619 seeds showed desiccation injuries in seedling dry weight, electrical conductance and speed of germination at moisture levels below 5.67 per cent.

  4. On an interesting specimen of cownose ray (Pisces: Rhinopteridae from the Colombian Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Acero P

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available The collection of a specimen of cownose ray in the Colombian Caribbean is reported. Based on the presence of 9 rows of teeth in both jaws, it was identified as Rhinoptera Müller & Renie. The range of the species is extended 7,300 km, from Rio de Janeiro to Isla de Salamanca. Some comments on the size at birth and habits of the species are made.Se registra la colecta de un especimen de raya de la familia Rhinopteridae en el Caribe colombiano, el cual tiene 9 filas de dientes en ambas mandíbulas. Este carácter lo incluye en la especie Rhinoptera brasiliensis Müller & Henle, extendiendo su rango 7.300 km, de Rio de Janeiro hasta la Isla de Salamanca. Se hacen comentários sobre la talla de nacimiento y los hábitos de la especie.

  5. Reseña: Aplicación de Estrategias Didácticas en Contextos desfavorecidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guadalupe Aleida Valenzuela Miranda

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Reseña: Aplicación de Estrategias Didácticas en Contextos desfavorecidos. Sánchez Romero Cristina, Lago Castro Pilar, Moratalla Isasi Silvia, Muñoz Garrido Vicenta Victoria, Gutiez Cuevas Pilar, Rodríguez Martín María Isabel, Alonso García Julia y Sánchez Raya María Araceli. (2013. Madrid: UNED, 275, Pp.  ResumenSe presenta una obra  que muestra la aplicación teórica y práctica de las estrategias didácticas en contextos desfavorecidos, se identifica los factores de riesgo como clave para el desarrollo de las herramientas pedagógicas del proceso socioeducativo.

  6. Finding Distances to Type Ia Supernovae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2016-03-01

    Type Ia supernovae are known as standard candles due to their consistency, allowing us to measure distances based on their brightness. But what if these explosions arent quite as consistent as we thought? Due scientific diligence requires careful checks, so a recent study investigates whether the metallicity of a supernovas environment affects the peak luminosity of the explosion.Metallicity Dependence?Type Ia supernovae are incredibly powerful tools for determining distances in our universe. Because these supernovae are formed by white dwarfs that explode when they reach a uniform accreted mass, the supernova peak luminosity is thought to be very consistent. This consistency allows these supernovae to be used as standard candles to measure distances to their host galaxies.But what if that peak luminosity is affected by a factor that we havent taken into account? Theorists have proposed that the luminosities of Type Ia supernovae might depend on the metallicity of their environments with high-metallicity environments suppressing supernova luminosities. If this is true, then we could be systematically mis-measuring cosmological distances using these supernovae.Testing AbundancesSupernova brightnesses vs. the metallicity of their environments. Low-metallicity supernovae (blue shading) and high-metallicity supernovae (red shading) have an average magnitude difference of ~0.14. [Adapted from Moreno-Raya et al. 2016]A team led by Manuel Moreno-Raya, of the Center for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT) in Spain, has observed 28 Type Ia supernovae in an effort to test for such a metallicity dependence. These supernovae each have independent distance measurements (e.g., from Cepheids or the Tully-Fisher relation).Moreno-Raya and collaborators used spectra from the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope to estimate oxygen abundances in the region where each of these supernovae exploded. They then used these measurements to determine if metallicity of the local region

  7. TYPES OF DICHOGAMY, BREEDING SYSTEMS AND POLLEN LIMITATION ON Aeschynanthus pulcher (Blume G.Don. (GESNERIACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiguna Rahman

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Observasi tentang tipe dikogami, sistem penyerbukan, dan keterbatasan serbuk sari telah dilakukan pada populasi Aeschynanthus pulcher di Kebun Raya Cibodas. Pengamatan fenologi bunga dilakukan untuk menentukan tipe dikogami. Dalam rangka menentukan sistem perkawinan dan keterbatasan serbuk sari, lima perlakuan penyerbukan telah dilakukan yaitu penyerbukan bebas sebagai kontrol, penyerbukan silang, penyerbukan sendiri, autogami, dan agamospermi. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa dikogami pada A. pulcher adalah protandri, tidak sempurna dan durasi tampilan serbuk sari dan stigma reseptif masing-masing yaitu 3-9 hari dan 6-12 hari. A. pulcher merupakan tumbuhan yang dapat membuahi sendiri, sedangkan proses autogami dan agamospermi tidak terjadi. Sindrom keterbatasan serbuk sari pada populasi A. pulcher yang diamati diindikasikan terjadi. Derajat keterbatasan serbuk sari pada A. pulcher mencapai 0.79-0.80. Tiga faktor yang dapat menyebabkan keterbatasan serbuk sari adalah (1 kompetisi antar jenis tumbuhan yang berbunga bersamaan, (2 perilaku berbunga dalam satu periode yang sama, dan (3 kompetisi antara polinator dan pencuri nektar.

  8. CYTOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS ON FERN GENUS Pteris IN THE BOGOR BOTANIC GARDENS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titien Ngatinem Praptosuwiryo

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Pengamatan sitologi dan kromosom somatik dilakukan pada 23 individu dari enam jenis tumbuhan paku genus Pteris (Pteridaceae yang tumbuh meliar di Kebun Raya Bogor. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa jumlah kromosom dasar pada keenam jenis Pteris yang diamati konsisten, yaitu x = 29. Ras diploid dengan 2n = 58 ditemukan pada P. biaurita, P. fauriei dan P. tripartita. Ras triploid dengan 2n = 87 terdapat pada P. fauriei dan P. multifida. Sedangkan ras tetraploid dengan 2n = 116 ditemukan pada P. ensiformis, P. tripartita, dan P. vittata. Informasi tentang P. tripartita ras diploid dan P. multifida ras triploid dilaporkan pertama kali untuk kawasan Malesia. Sedangkan informasi kromosom P. fauriei, P. multifida, dan P. vittata merupakan catatan sitologi baru untuk Pulau Jawa. Jenis-jenis yang memiliki lebih dari satu sitotipe diamati morfologinya dan dibahas secara singkat.

  9. Diseño y Visualización Inmersva de Plaza Mayor y Calle Mayor de Madrid en una Cueva de Realidad Virtual

    OpenAIRE

    Quintana Castillo, Sergio

    2010-01-01

    Proyecto Fin de Carrera leído en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en el curso académico 2009/2010. Tutores del Proyecto: Laura Raya González y José San Martín López Hoy en día el turismo es algo cada vez más extendido y común. Son ahora muchas más las personas que se animan a visitar nuevos países, ciudades e incluso, nuevos rincones de su propio entorno. La ciudad de Madrid dispone de múltiples lugares históricos que representan, de uno u otro modo, a la ciudad frente al resto del ...

  10. Contribution of L1 in EFL Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahjuningsih Usadiati

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is conducted in a classroom action research to improve the students’ achievement in writing English sentences in Present Perfect Tense in Structure 1 lessons. The subject consisted of 20 Semester II students who took Structure I lessons in English Education Department of Palangka Raya University, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. The data were taken from the results of pre test and post test after the action was done. The results show that in cycle 1, in which the explanations were fully in English, only 40% of the students got a good achievement; 5-7 out of 20 test items were correct. After cycle 2 was done using L1 interchangeably with English in the explanations, the students’ achievement of writing English sentences in Present Perfect Tense increased to 75%, in which 15-18 out 20 test items were correct.

  11. Growth and ions (Na/sup +/, K/sup +/ and Cl/sup-1/-) accumulating pattern of some brassica genotypes under saline - sodic field condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The growth and ionic uptake pattern of some Brassica genotypes i.e., Rainbow, Wester, Durr-e-NIFA, Abaseen 95 (Brassica napus) and NIFA raya (Brassica juncea) under saline-sodic field conditions was studied. Two sets of experiments on normal and saline-sodic site were conducted at NIA experimental farm, Tandojam, Pakistan during Rabi 2006-07. The salinity of the experimental site ranged between 11.0-22.9 dS/m and the pH was alkaline (8-8.6). The dominant cation was sodium (Na). The growth performance was recorded at the time of crop harvest in terms of plant height, grain weight / plant, grain yield and 100 grain weight. It was observed that the performance of Wester was better followed by NIFA- raya. The ionic uptake pattern, of leaves, stem and roots showed that the accumulation of Na was less in leaf as compared to stem and roots. However, the genotypes having better performance we re found to have accumulating type of behavior showing comparatively higher Na contents in all plant parts than other genotypes. This suggests that these genotypes might adjust their osmotic potential through the accumulation of sodium in vacuole. On the other hand trend in case of K accumulation was reverse i.e. high in leaves and stem as compared to roots. Higher accumulating pattern of K in leaves might be helpful for reducing the toxic effects of sodium. However, no correlation was observed between K-Na selectivity or K/Na ratio among the genotypes tested. It is therefore concluded that better selective mechanism for Na uptake and strict control of intercellular Na influx for cellular osmotic adjustment could be selected for saline environment. (author)

  12. Selection of elite genotypes for yield and associated traits in f/sub 2:3/ families of interspecific crosses in brassica species

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Interspecific crosses of Brassica species were evaluated to identify desirable genotypes for yield and associated traits. Parent al species included Brassica napus (Dunkled, Maluko, line A-20-20), B. campestris (lines 1203 and 2163), B. carinata (Peela raya), and B. juncea (lines PR-64 and 89111-1). All traits were segregated in F/sub 2/ population. All parameters were decreased in F/sub 3/ in comparison to F/sub 2/ population, indicating higher response of the crosses to inbreeding depression (0-85%). A reduction in height (12-27%), primary branches (18-35%), pods main raceme-1 (19-35%), seed pod-1 (10-31%), pod length (14-28%), 100-seed weight (5-28%) and seed yield plant/sup -1/ (14-35%) of F3 population was recorded as compared to F2. Heritability estimates were low to medium (50-70%) for primary branches, medium to high (70-80%) for plant height, pod length, seeds pod/sup -1/, and seed yield plant/sup -1/ while low-medium-high for pods raceme-1 and 100-seed weight. It was concluded that selection for one of these characters would be beneficial for the others also. F3 population of Maluko 1203 produced the maximum silique main raceme/sup -1/, seeds silique/sup -1/, silique length and 100-seed weight. Peela raya PR-64 produced the maximum primary branches plant/sup -1/, while 2163 89111-1 was the best for seed yield plant/sup -1/ and plant height in F/sub 3/ as compared to the F/sub 2/ population. (author)

  13. KELAS MENENGAH, UMNO DAN INTELIGENSIA: TENTANGAN DOMINASI POLITIK BUMIPUTERA ISLAM DI SARAWAK (MIDDLE CLASS, UMNO AND INTELLIGENTSIA: CONTESTING THE MUSLIM BUMIPUTERA'S POLITICAL DOMINATION IN SARAWAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faisal S. Hazis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Barisan Nasional mulai mendominasi politik Sarawak setelah pemimpin bumiputera Islam mengambil alih tampuk pemerintahan negeri daripada pemimpin Iban selepas pilihan raya 1970. Di bawah teraju pemimpin bumiputera Islam ini, Barisan Nasional berjaya menguasai setiap pilihan raya negeri dan parlimen yang diadakan sejak tahun 1970 hingga 2008. Walaupun parti pembangkang melancarkan tentangan sengit pada lewat 1970-an dan pertengahan 1980-an, pemimpin bumiputera Islam ini berjaya mengatasinya untuk terus mengekalkan dominasi parti pemerintah di negeri yang mempunyai bilangan kerusi negeri dan parlimen yang terbanyak. Makalah ini menyusuri dominasi politik pemimpin bumiputera Islam Sarawak dan faktor-faktor yang menyumbang kepada kekuatan mereka yang menjangkau lebih empat dekad. Walaupun kuasa politik pemimpin bumiputera Islam masih bertahan sehingga ke hari ini, beberapa sumber baharu mulai muncul untuk memberikan tentangan terhadap kuasa politik golongan minoriti ini. Sumber tentangan baharu yang dimaksudkan ialah golongan kelas menengah, United Malays National Organisation (UMNO dan inteligensia. Makalah ini mengupas tentangan yang diberikan kelompok ini dan impaknya terhadap politik Sarawak khususnya kepimpinan bumiputera Islam.The ruling Barisan Nasional started to dominate Sarawak politics after the Muslim bumiputera took over the state leadership from the Iban after the 1970 elections. Under the stewardship of the Muslim bumiputera, Barisan Nasional had successfully dominated every state and parliamentary elections held since 1970 to 2008. Although the opposition parties launched a strong challenge towards the Muslim bumiputera's dominance in the late 1970s and middle 1980s, the latter was able to fend off this challenge and continued to uphold the ruling party's grip on the state with the largest number of state and parliamentary seats. This article analyses the Muslim bumiputera's dominance in Sarawak politics and the factors that had

  14. Development of improved varieties of rapeseed and mustard through in vivo mutagenesis and hybridization in Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pakistan is facing edible oil shortage for the past many years despite modest progress made in the development of agriculture sector. More than a billion US $ are being spent annually to meet the domestic requirement of edible oil of the country. This huge import bill can be reduced considerably by increasing the domestic oilseed production. Rapeseed (Brassica napus L. and Brassica campestris L.) and mustard (Brassica juncea L.) are the second important oilseed crops of Pakistan and their share in total area and production of all oilseed crops grown in the country is over 31% and 28% respectively. However, these crops have been pushed to marginal lands due to their low productivity that resulted in narrow genetic base. Mutation breeding research in conjunction with classical breeding techniques was, therefore, initiated at NIFA in 1989 to induce useful genetic variability in characters of economic importance in Oilseed Brassicas. The research efforts of NIFA Scientists resulted in the development of three varieties namely Abasin-95 in 1996, NIFA-Raya in 2003 and Durr-e-NIFA in 2005. These varieties were approved by Seed Council of North West Frontier Province for commercial cultivation in the irrigated and rainfed areas of the province. Abasin-95 and NIFA-Raya are the first ever-mutant varieties respectively of rapeseed and mustard in Pakistan. Durr-e-NIFA was developed from hybridized population of a cross between Australian canola variety 'Dunkeld' and NIFA mutant variety 'Abasin-95' . All the three varieties possess high yield potential, medium to high oil content, early maturity and broader adaptability to rainfed and irrigated environments in comparison with the local check varieties and respective parents. These varieties are being cultivated by growers on appreciable areas. The paper reports the developmental history and performance of these varieties. (author)

  15. Design and testing of fish drier system utilizing geothermal energy resource in Ie Suum, Aceh Besar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mubarak, Amir Zaki; Maulana, M. Ilham; Syuhada, Ahmad

    2016-03-01

    In an effort to increase the value of fish produced by the community in Krueng Raya Sub-district, it has been designed and tested a fish drier system utilizing geothermal energy resource in IeSuum Village, Krueng Raya Sub-district, Aceh Besar District. The geothermal energy is in the form of hot water with the temperature range is between 86 and 86.4 °C. Based on the design consideration, it is used a terraced rack type drier system. The drier system consists of a heat exchanger, drying chamber, and a blower to blow the air. Hot water from the geothermal source is passed into the heat exchanger to increase the air temperature outside it. The air is then blown into the drying chamber. Based on the design analysis is obtained that to dry 200 kg of fish in 24 hour, it is required a drying chamber with 1m long, 1 m width and 0.4 m high, the temperature of hot water entering the exchanger is 80 °C and the temperature of the air entering the drying chamber is maintained at 60°C. The average time required to dry fish till 10% of water level is 18-20 jam. The research is then continued by developing and testing the drying system with three layer rack to put in the fish. From the experimental result is obtained that the average water temperature flows out of the chamber is in the range of 76-78 °C and the temperature in the chamber is in the range of 57-62 °C. In addition, the weight of the fish, which initially is 20 kg, becomes12 kg in average after 18 hours drying process.

  16. Allosteric indicator displacement enzyme assay for a cyanogenic glycoside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jose, D Amilan; Elstner, Martin; Schiller, Alexander

    2013-10-18

    Indicator displacement assays (IDAs) represent an elegant approach in supramolecular analytical chemistry. Herein, we report a chemical biosensor for the selective detection of the cyanogenic glycoside amygdalin in aqueous solution. The hybrid sensor consists of the enzyme β-glucosidase and a boronic acid appended viologen together with a fluorescent reporter dye. β-Glucosidase degrades the cyanogenic glycoside amygdalin into hydrogen cyanide, glucose, and benzaldehyde. Only the released cyanide binds at the allosteric site of the receptor (boronic acid) thereby inducing changes in the affinity of a formerly bound fluorescent indicator dye at the other side of the receptor. Thus, the sensing probe performs as allosteric indicator displacement assay (AIDA) for cyanide in water. Interference studies with inorganic anions and glucose revealed that cyanide is solely responsible for the change in the fluorescent signal. DFT calculations on a model compound revealed a 1:1 binding ratio of the boronic acid and cyanide ion. The fluorescent enzyme assay for β-glucosidase uses amygdalin as natural substrate and allows measuring Michaelis-Menten kinetics in microtiter plates. The allosteric indicator displacement assay (AIDA) probe can also be used to detect cyanide traces in commercial amygdalin samples. PMID:24123550

  17. Light scattering experiments with aspherical aerosol particles. Depolarisation and forward scattering ratio of mineral dust and ice crystals; Streulichtexperimente an asphaerischen Aerosolpartikeln. Depolarisation und Vorwaertsstreuverhaeltnis von Mineralstaub und Eiskristallen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buettner, S.

    2004-04-01

    Scattering properties of mineral dust and ice crystals were investigated in two aerosol chambers (AIDA, ASA) at the Institut fuer Meteorologie und Klimaforschung at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. For this purpose, a linear polarised laser (wavelength 488 nm) was directed horizontally though the chamber. The light scattered by the aerosol was detected with photomultipliers in the forward (4 ) and in the backward (176 ) directions whereas the detection in the backward direction was realised polarisation resolved. The expected values for the depolarisation and the forward scattering ratio were computed with the help of T-matrix calculations for spheroids with different sizes and aspect ratios. The scattering properties of several samples of mineral dust (typical size: 0.5 {mu}m) were investigated at room temperature in the ASA chamber. Because of the rotatable laser polarisation, some elements of the scattering matrix were determined, additionally. Ice crystals with sizes between 0.8 {mu}m and 70 {mu}m were generated in the AIDA chamber by the adiabatic cooling technique with heterogeneous nucleation on mineral dust. Size and habit of the ice crystals were investigated with a Cloud Particle Imager. Both a size dependency and a habit dependency and demonstrated by the experiments. The results were compared with the predictions of a model based on geometric optics. (orig.)

  18. Small-body deflection techniques using spacecraft: Techniques in simulating the fate of ejecta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Stephen R.; Yu, Yang; Michel, Patrick; Jutzi, Martin

    2016-04-01

    We define a set of procedures to numerically study the fate of ejecta produced by the impact of an artificial projectile with the aim of deflecting an asteroid. Here we develop a simplified, idealized model of impact conditions that can be adapted to fit the details of specific deflection-test scenarios, such as what is being proposed for the AIDA project. Ongoing studies based upon the methodology described here can be used to inform observational strategies and safety conditions for an observing spacecraft. To account for ejecta evolution, the numerical strategies we are employing are varied and include a large N-Body component, a smoothed-particle hydrodynamics (SPH) component, and an application of impactor scaling laws. Simulations that use SPH-derived initial conditions show high-speed ejecta escaping at low angles of inclination, and very slowly moving ejecta lofting off the surface at higher inclination angles, some of which reimpacts the small-body surface. We are currently investigating the realism of this and other models' behaviors. Next steps will include the addition of solar perturbations to the model and applying the protocol developed here directly to specific potential mission concepts such as the proposed AIDA scenario.

  19. PHIPS-HALO: the airborne Particle Habit Imaging and Polar Scattering probe - Part 1: Design and operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelmonem, Ahmed; Järvinen, Emma; Duft, Denis; Hirst, Edwin; Vogt, Steffen; Leisner, Thomas; Schnaiter, Martin

    2016-07-01

    The number and shape of ice crystals present in mixed-phase and ice clouds influence the radiation properties, precipitation occurrence and lifetime of these clouds. Since clouds play a major role in the climate system, influencing the energy budget by scattering sunlight and absorbing heat radiation from the earth, it is necessary to investigate the optical and microphysical properties of cloud particles particularly in situ. The relationship between the microphysics and the single scattering properties of cloud particles is usually obtained by modelling the optical scattering properties from in situ measurements of ice crystal size distributions. The measured size distribution and the assumed particle shape might be erroneous in case of non-spherical ice particles. There is a demand to obtain both information correspondently and simultaneously for individual cloud particles in their natural environment. For evaluating the average scattering phase function as a function of ice particle habit and crystal complexity, in situ measurements are required. To this end we have developed a novel airborne optical sensor (PHIPS-HALO) to measure the optical properties and the corresponding microphysical parameters of individual cloud particles simultaneously. PHIPS-HALO has been tested in the AIDA cloud simulation chamber and deployed in mountain stations as well as research aircraft (HALO and Polar 6). It is a successive version of the laboratory prototype instrument PHIPS-AIDA. In this paper we present the detailed design of PHIPS-HALO, including the detection mechanism, optical design, mechanical construction and aerodynamic characterization.

  20. Kuu kultuurikulgur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Laivüritusest "Punk 2008" Tartus Athena klubis 11. septembril. Briti ansambel Klaxons 6. okt. Tallinnas klubis Hollywood. Moskva laulja Pelageja 5. okt. Tallinna linnahallis ja 7. okt. Jõhvi kontserdimajas. Heategevuskontserdist 14. sept. Tuhalaane kirikumäel (esinevad Tõnis Mägi, Robert Jürjendal, Ain Agan, Andre Maaker, Riho Sibul, Jaak Johanson, Jaak Tuksam jt). Kultuuritehase toetuseks korraldatud kontserdist "Polyymide päev" (esinesid rokkbändid Sõpruse Puiestee, Malena, Pure Mind ja Pilveke). Ooperi "Hullu mehe aias" lavastusest (lavastaja Robert Annus, koreograafia Triin Reemann, dirigent Veronika Portsmuth, lavakujundus ja kostüümide kunstnik Samal Blak Fääri saartelt) 10.-12. septembrini Tallinnas Kultuurikatlas. Kanada ansambli Simple Plan kontserdist 28. okt. Tallinnas klubis Rock Café. Üritustest Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas: 6. sept. esinevad ansambel Paabel+, akordionist Kulno Malva ja DJ Harlet, etendus "Vaterland" 10. sept., Aida muusikud 11. sept., Anu Taul 13. sept. Fernando Stern ja Ethno in Transit 16. septembril. Gruusia ansambli Shin Egari kontsertidest 9. sept. Tartus Genialistide klubis, 10. sept. Estonia kontserdisaalis, 11. sept. Endla teatri küünis Pärnus, 12. sept. Kultuurivaras Kuressaares

  1. A flying start for CERN in H2020

    CERN Multimedia

    EU Projects Office

    2015-01-01

    Following successful participation in a string of some 90 projects within FP7, CERN is also actively involved in Horizon 2020. In 2014, nearly 60 proposals involving CERN’s participation were submitted to various H2020 sub-programmes and the hope is that many more will follow in 2015.   Technological challenges for future detectors, to be addressed by the AIDA-2020 project. The projects coordinated by CERN that have been selected for funding in 2014 span many different fields and activities: science outreach (PopScience), a study of isotopes for medical applications (MEDICIS-PROMED), the development of innovative fibre technologies (INTELUM), international collaboration on accelerator science and technology (E-JADE), novel NMR techniques (BetaDropNMR), new mathematical structures (MathAm) and the procurement of cloud services in Europe (PICSE). After a very encouraging 2014, 2015 started well too: AIDA-2020 and EuroCirCol have recently been selected for funding under the H2020 Rese...

  2. The Next Generation of Interoperability Agents in Healthcare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Cardoso

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Interoperability in health information systems is increasingly a requirement rather than an option. Standards and technologies, such as multi-agent systems, have proven to be powerful tools in interoperability issues. In the last few years, the authors have worked on developing the Agency for Integration, Diffusion and Archive of Medical Information (AIDA, which is an intelligent, agent-based platform to ensure interoperability in healthcare units. It is increasingly important to ensure the high availability and reliability of systems. The functions provided by the systems that treat interoperability cannot fail. This paper shows the importance of monitoring and controlling intelligent agents as a tool to anticipate problems in health information systems. The interaction between humans and agents through an interface that allows the user to create new agents easily and to monitor their activities in real time is also an important feature, as health systems evolve by adopting more features and solving new problems. A module was installed in Centro Hospitalar do Porto, increasing the functionality and the overall usability of AIDA.

  3. A dual tag system for facilitated detection of surface expressed proteins in Escherichia coli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarmander Johan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The discovery of the autotransporter family has provided a mechanism for surface expression of proteins in laboratory strains of Escherichia coli. We have previously reported the use of the AIDA-I autotransport system to express the Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis proteins SefA and H:gm. The SefA protein was successfully exposed to the medium, but the orientation of H:gm in the outer membrane could not be determined due to proteolytic cleavage of the N-terminal detection-tag. The goal of the present work was therefore to construct a vector containing elements that facilitates analysis of surface expression, especially for proteins that are sensitive to proteolysis or otherwise difficult to express. Results The surface expression system pAIDA1 was created with two detection tags flanking the passenger protein. Successful expression of SefA and H:gm on the surface of E. coli was confirmed with fluorescently labeled antibodies specific for the N-terminal His6-tag and the C-terminal Myc-tag. While both tags were detected during SefA expression, only the Myc-tag could be detected for H:gm. The negative signal indicates a proteolytic cleavage of this protein that removes the His6-tag facing the medium. Conclusions Expression levels from pAIDA1 were comparable to or higher than those achieved with the formerly used vector. The presence of the Myc- but not of the His6-tag on the cell surface during H:gm expression allowed us to confirm the hypothesis that this fusion protein was present on the surface and oriented towards the cell exterior. Western blot analysis revealed degradation products of the same molecular weight for SefA and H:gm. The size of these fragments suggests that both fusion proteins have been cleaved at a specific site close to the C-terminal end of the passenger. This proteolysis was concluded to take place either in the outer membrane or in the periplasm. Since H:gm was cleaved to a much greater extent

  4. Landscape-scale effects of the 2008 Chaiten (Chile) eruption on vegetation disturbance and regeneration from satellite image analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, K. M.; Jones, J. A.; Swanson, F. J.; Crisafulli, C.

    2010-12-01

    The Chaiten eruption affected all components of old-growth temperate evergreen forest -- trees, canopy epiphytes, vines, and understory - over ~ 400 km2. Vegetation responses differed depending on initial vegetation type, phenologic stage of the vegetation, landscape position, and the character and chronology of geophysical processes. Four distinct phases of the eruption and associated disturbances affected vegetation greenness in satellite imagery: (1) the initial eruption in early May 2008 produced a lateral blast-like pyroclastic density current (PDC) to N and NE and deposited tephra to NE, E, and SE, (2) >650 mm of precipitation May 13-20 caused flooding and redistributed deposits from hillslopes into channels and downstream, (3) collapse of dome in February 2009 caused PDC into Rio Chaiten to S, (4) floods in 2009 (second winter after eruption) rearranged deposits and wood in channels, and exhumed areas buried in earlier phases of the eruption. Vegetation effects included (a) ash deposition on foliage, (b) foliage/branch removal, (c) tree blowdown and scorching of foliage, and (d) burial, removal, and redeposition of wood and sediment. Three trajectories of vegetation change are apparent in satellite imagery: (1) loss of greenness from Dec 2007 to Dec 2008, followed by recovery of greenness in second growing season (Dec 2008-Apr 2009). Field observations indicated (a) tephra washed off trees whose underlying canopies were still intact (thin deposition zone W of volcano), (b) regeneration/sprouting of vegetation whose leaves had been removed or killed (Rio Rayas bridge), (c) regeneration/sprouting of vegetation exhumed by removal of overlying deposits such as in some river channels (Rio Amarillo), or (d) sprouting of understory (Rio Michinmahuida). (2) Initial loss of greenness that persisted through first two growing seasons. Field observations indicated that (a) trees were blown down and little sprouting has occurred (N flank), (b) vegetation was buried in

  5. ALPHA - The long-term passive decay heat removal and aerosol retention program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Paul Scherrer Institute initiated the major new experimental and analytical program ALPHA in 1990. The program is aimed at understanding the long-term decay heat removal and aerosol questions for the next generation of Passive Light Water Reactors. The ALPHA project currently includes four major items: the large-scale, integral system behaviour test facility PANDA, which will be used to examine multidimensional effects of the SBWR decay heat removal system; an investigation of the thermal hydraulics of natural convection and mixing in pools and large volumes (LINX); a separate-effects study of aerosols transport and deposition in plenum and tubes (AIDA); while finally, data from the PANDA facility and supporting separate effects tests will be used to develop and qualify models and provide validation of relevant system codes. The paper briefly reviews the above four topics and current status of the experimental facilities. (author). 3 refs, 12 figs

  6. Two radars for AIM mission: A direct observation of the asteroid's structure from deep interior to regolith

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herique, A.; Ciarletti, V.

    2015-10-01

    Our knowledge of the internal structure of asteroids is, so far, indirect - relying entirely on inferences from remote sensing observations of the surface, and theoretical modeling. What are the bulk properties of the regolith and deep interior? And what are the physical processes that shape their internal structures? Direct measurements are needed to provide answers that will directly improve our ability to understand and model the mechanisms driving Near Earth Asteroids (NEA) for the benefit of science as well as for planetary defense or exploration. Radar tomography is the only technique to characterize internal structure from decimetric scale to global scale. This paper reviews the benefits of direct measurement of the asteroid interior. Then the radar concepts for both deep interior and shallow subsurface are presented and the radar payload proposed for the AIDA/AIM mission is outlined.

  7. Pyrochemical conversion of weapon-grade plutonium into plutonium oxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the objectives of the French-Russian studies conducted from 1993 to 1996 under the AIDA-MOX 1 program was to define a reference process for converting the weapon-grade plutonium excess (designated W-Pu) into plutonium dioxide for further use as MOX fuel in existing nuclear reactors. Among the different selected options, one is performed in molten alkali chlorides bath at high temperature. Several laboratory-scale tests have permitted to demonstrate the feasibility of this conversion in this medium. The main results described in this paper -conversion yield, plutonium purification beside gallium, americium and other impurities, - tend to confirm that pyrochemical processes could offer potential interests if however the plutonium oxide sinterability is proved in next tests. (authors)

  8. Mažų jonizuojančiosios spinduliuotės apšvitos dozių poveikio citogenetiniai tyrimai ir biologinė dozimetrija

    OpenAIRE

    Gricienė, Birutė

    2010-01-01

    Įvairiais tikslais naudojant jonizuojančiosios spinduliuotės (JS) šaltinius, darbuotojai ir gyventojai patiria JS apšvitą, kurią lydi neigiamo poveikio organizmui rizika. Taikant nestabilių chromosomų aberacijų analizės metodiką buvo nustatyta, kad ir mažos, neviršijančios darbuotojams nustatytų ribų (50 mSv), JS dozės gali iššaukti chromosomų pažaidas žmogaus limfocituose. Branduolinės energetikos srityje dirbančių asmenų grupėjė (N=84) nustatytas patikimai didesnis, palyginti su kontroline ...

  9. Two cubesat mission to study the Didymos asteroid system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahlund, J.-E.; Vinterhav, E.; Trigo-Rodríguez, J. M.; Hallmann, M.; Barabash, S.; Ivchenko, N.

    2015-10-01

    Among the growing interest about asteroid impact hazard mitigation in our community the Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission will be the first space experiment to use a kinetic impactor to demonstrate its capability as reliable deflection system [1]. As a part of the AIDA mission, we have proposed a set of two three-axis stabilized 3U CubeSats (with up to 5 science sensors) to simultaneously rendezvous at close range (continued science operation. The science sensors consist of a dual fluxgate magnetometer (MAG), one miniaturized volatile composition analyser (VCA), a narrow angle camera (NAC) and a Video Emission Spectrometer (VES) with a diffraction grating for allowing a sequential chemical study of the emission spectra associated with the impact flare and the expanding plume. Consequently, the different envisioned instruments onboard the CubeSats can provide significant insight into the complex response of asteroid materials during impacts that has been theoretically studied using different techniques [2]. The two CubeSats will remain stowed in CubeSat dispensers aboard the main AIM spacecraft. They will be deployed and commissioned before the AIM impactor reaches the secondary and record the impact event from a closer vantage point than the main spacecraft. The two CubeSats are equipped with relative navigation systems capable of estimating the spacecraft position relative to the asteroids and propulsion system that allow them to operate close to the asteroid bodies. The two CubeSats will rely on mapping data relayed via the AIM main spacecraft but operate autonomously and individually based on schedules and navigation maps uploaded from ground. AIDA's target is the binary Apollo asteroid 65803 Didymos that is also catalogued as Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (PHA) because it experiences close approaches to Earth. Didymos' primary has a diameter of ˜800 meters and the secondary is ˜150 m across. Both bodies are separated about 1.1 km [3

  10. Transferts historiographiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques-Emmanuel Bernard

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available « L’attention des Grecs commençait à être attirée par les particularités de la société romaine et du comportement des Romains dans les relations internationales. Il est vrai que le fameux jeu des valeurs romaines – fides, constantia, severitas, gravitas, auctoritas, etc. – fut redécouvert pour la première fois par des professeurs allemands au cours de la Première Guerre mondiale, et qu’il aida leurs élèves à rester dans une position d’attente pendant que Hitler décidait du sort qui serait rés...

  11. Use of nuclear techniques for evaluation of first service conception rate in dairy herds with artificial insemination in Chile

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study was to identify causes of inefficiency in Artificial Insemination (AI) services in 12 dairy farms located in southern Chile. Milk progesterone concentration was determined on the day of breeding and then 10-12 and 21-22 days after AI. Data for semen and cow inseminated, including physical signs of oestrus, were recorded in a computer database (AIDA). Information from 713 cows with first services was analysed. The mean interval from calving to first service was 88.7 days and the mean interval from calving to conception was 107.9 days. The conception rate at first service was 61.9%. Incidence of incorrect AI, most likely due to erroneous heat detection, was 8.9%. Herd related problems affected efficiency of AI in 15.2%. The results show that important factors affecting reproductive performance include nutritional management, oestrus detection and AI technique. (author)

  12. What do your eyes say? Bridging eye movements to consumer behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Rosa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Eye tracking (ET is a technique that has been progressively employed to study the influence of visual stimuli on attentional processes and consumer behavior. The goals of the present theoretical article are fourfold and are based on an extensive literature revision. First, a brief historical review of ET methodology is introduced, presenting the evolution of ET techniques from the ancient proto-eye trackers to the “fresh” state-of-theart eye ET devices. Second, the basics of ET are clarified through a simplified technical and mathematical explanation. Third, the triad eye movement-attention-consumer behavior is made clear, grounded on attention, interest, desire, and action (AIDA theoretical model. Fourth, the most used oculometrics in marketing studies are explained and distinguished The present article addresses a number of technical and methodological issues by discussing challenges involved in ET systems and giving some guidelines for those who intend to apply ET to infer cognitive and emotional processes.

  13. In-service inspection of WWER steam generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In July 1990, INTERCONTROLE supplied Atomenergoremont with two eddy current systems (GIBBON robot) for inspecting steam generator tubes in Soviet WWER-type reactors. The robot accesses and inspects all tubes in a cylinder section of 800 mm over 90 degrees and gets round plugged tubes either by rotation or by vertical displacement. The eddy current inspection system is controlled from a mobile shelter located 200 m from the steam generator. The control system controls all subsystems on the GIBBON and axial rotating probe drives on an AT personal computer. The unique data acquisition features include the HARMONIC 210 eddy current instrument and data acquisition and verification software. Verification of axial and rotating probe data is based on AIDA, DESIREE and ESTELLE software, developed jointly by INTERCONTROLE and EdF. (Z.S.) 4 figs., 1 ref

  14. Future Directions in Astronomy Visualisation

    CERN Document Server

    Fluke, C J; O'Donovan, D

    2006-01-01

    Despite the large budgets spent annually on astronomical research equipment such as telescopes, instruments and supercomputers, the general trend is to analyse and view the resulting datasets using small, two-dimensional displays. We report here on alternative advanced image displays, with an emphasis on displays that we have constructed, including stereoscopic projection, multiple projector tiled displays and a digital dome. These displays can provide astronomers with new ways of exploring the terabyte and petabyte datasets that are now regularly being produced from all-sky surveys, high-resolution computer simulations, and Virtual Observatory projects. We also present a summary of the Advanced Image Displays for Astronomy (AIDA) survey which we conducted from March-May 2005, in order to raise some issues pertitent to the current and future level of use of advanced image displays.

  15. Architecture of collaborating frameworks simulation, visualisation, user interface and analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Pfeier, A; Ferrero-Merlino, B; Giannitrapani, R; Longo, F; Nieminen, P; Pia, M G; Santin, G

    2001-01-01

    The Anaphe project is an ongoing effort to provide an Object Oriented software environment for data analysis in HENP experiments. A range of commercial and public domain libraries is used to cover basic functionalities; on top of these libraries a set of HENP-specific C++ class libraries for histogram management, fitting, plotting and ntuple-like data analysis has been developed. In order to comply with the user requirements for a command-line driven tool, we have chosen to use a scripting language (Python) as the front-end for a data analysis tool. The loose coupling provided by the consequent use of (AIDA compliant) Abstract Interfaces for each component in combination with the use of shared libraries for their implementation provides an easy integration of existing libraries into modern scripting languages thus allowing for rapid application development. This integration is simplified even further using a specialised toolkit (SWIG) to create "shadow classes" for the Python language, which map the definitio...

  16. Anaphe - OO Libraries and Tools for Data Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Couet, O; Molnar, Z; Moscicki, J T; Pfeiffer, A; Sang, M

    2001-01-01

    The Anaphe project is an ongoing effort to provide an Object Oriented software environment for data analysis in HENP experiments. A range of commercial and public domain libraries is used to cover basic functionalities; on top of these libraries a set of HENP-specific C++ class libraries for histogram management, fitting, plotting and ntuple-like data analysis has been developed. In order to comply with the user requirements for a command-line driven tool, we have chosen to use a scripting language (Python) as the front-end for a data analysis tool. The loose coupling provided by the consequent use of (AIDA compliant) Abstract Interfaces for each component in combination with the use of shared libraries for their implementation provides an easy integration of existing libraries into modern scripting languages thus allowing for rapid application development. This integration is simplified even further using a specialised toolkit (SWIG) to create "shadow classes" for the Python language, which map the definitio...

  17. Baga

    OpenAIRE

    Camps, G.

    2013-01-01

    Roi des Maures qui aida Massinissa, lorsque le prince massyle revenant d’Espagne après le meurtre de Capussa, s’apprêtait à se rendre en Numidie pour recouvrer le royaume de son père Gaïa (206 av. J.-C). Le nom de Baga n’est cité que par Tite-Live : Baga ea tempestate rex Maurorum erat (XXIX, 30, 1) mais le nom n’est pas inconnu dans l’onomastique libyque, on le reconnaît sous la forme BGY (R.I.L., n° 739, dans le Guergour, et n° 1097, dans la Cheffia). Le nom d’Abeggi (chacal) est encore por...

  18. Iolaos

    OpenAIRE

    Benseddik, N.

    2012-01-01

    Étroitement lié au héros grec Héraklès, dont il était le neveu, ainsi qu’au dieu phénicien Melqart, Iolaos est une figure mythique complexe. Fidèle compagnon d’Héraklès aux exploits duquel il fut souvent associé, il l’aida notamment à débarrasser la Libye de ses bêtes féroces ; d’après une légende, il eut alors à ressusciter l’Héraklès tyrien (Melqart), tué par Typhon, en lui faisant humer le fumet d’une caille rôtie. Cette relation privilégiée justifie la présence du nom Iolaos à côté de cel...

  19. AIR FORCE 1二十五周年庆典

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    AIDAS SUPERSTAR 35TH之后,NIKE AIR FORCE1 25周年对于体育潮流界来说是不能忽视的重要事件!以NIKE传奇设计师Bruce Kilgore为核心的创作团队也致力让NIKE AIR FORCE1在25周年之际让它更加放射光芒!NIKE AIR FORCE1 25周年不仅包含了纪念意义,也包含了NIKE对于业界的野心和期望。随后发表的一系列NIKE AF1 25周年别注将代表NIKE最高级设计和制作工艺。据悉,之后每款NIKE AIR FORCE别注都将拍摄特别短片!

  20. La revista aragonesa “Información Técnica Económica Agraria”, obtiene el Sello de Calidad, de la Fundación Española para la Ciencia y la Tecnología

    OpenAIRE

    Area de Información, Documentación y Cultura Científica. Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón

    2014-01-01

    La revista ITEA es la revista de la Asociación Interprofesional para el Desarrollo Agrario (AIDA), una organización nacida en el Campus de Aula Dei y que ahora tiene su sede en el Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (CITA), dependiente del Departamento de Industria e Innovación del Gobierno de Aragón. La revista se empezó a publicar en 1970 y su objetivo es la publicación de artículos científico‐técnicos de interés para el sector agroalimentario que s...

  1. Promotion and diffusion of tha career Bachelor and Licenciature of Mathematics Teaching in rural areas of Costa Rica project: effects and results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Arroyo Hernández

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the purpose and activities of the project Promoting Mathematics Education in Rural Areas of Costa Rica. The activity has focused on two objectives. First, supporting and monitoring students who have expressed interest in studying a mathematics teacher. To achieve this, it has been working with students who have an ideal profile for the career, mainly from rural areas. The second objective is to conduct training workshops for high school in-service teachers, to strengthen and improve their knowledge in the area of mathematics. Among the results of the project, it can be highlighted a significant increase in the enrollment of students in the career of Mathematics Education in 2010 and 2011, and the training processes in the field of Real Functions of Real Variable and Geometry at different regional areas mostly rural as Aguirre, Sarapiquí, Coto, Buenos Aires, Limón, Cañas, Pérez Zeledón, Nicoya, Los Santos, Turrialba, Puriscal, Desamparados, San Carlos, Puntarenas, Limón, Liberia, Santa Cruz y Upala.

  2. La presencia de ámbar y sub-ámbar (copal en Costa Rica: el caso de San Cristóbal de Savegre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo E Alvarado

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En Costa Rica, pequeños fragmentos de ámbar se encuentran en las rocas sedimentarias marinas clásticas del Mioceno, tales como Formación Punta Judas (Mioceno Medio, Formación Santa Teresa (Mioceno Medio y Formación Curré (Mioceno Medio-Superior. Sub-ámbar o copal se encuentra en relativa abundancia en ciertas localidades en los suelos residuales en las montañas cerca de San Cristóbal de Savegre (Aguirre, Puntarenas. Las muestras de copal tienen formas sub-redondeadas o aperladas (21,3%, tabulares o laminares (29,6% y troncoidales (30,4%, pero algunas son intermedias o indefinidas (18,7%. Su color varía entre anaranjado/rojizo (57,4%, seguido por amarillo (31,0% y menos frecuentemente el amarillo claro hasta blancuzco (11,6%; algunas muestras poseen insectos incorporados. La edad del copal está en el rango de edad de 1670-1780 A.D., basado en una datación 14C calibrada. Aunque estas muestras de copal parecen no tener valor comercial, si podrían ser usados por artesanos locales.

  3. Seccional del Lago Lleu Lleu extracto del resumen ejecutivo del estudio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Durán

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available En el siguiente reportaje se presentan los estudios contratados por el MINVU Planes Seccionales del Lago Lleu Lleu y del Lago Pangue; realizados por las oficinas de Manuel Durán y Lira y Peña Asoc. A continuación entrevistamos al Sr. Tito Rojas, ex Director Regional de SERNATUR y actual Gobernador de la Provincia de Arauco, y a Patricio Aguirre, Director de la Carrera de Turismo del DUOC-UC sede Concepción. Mientras que los instrumentos de planificación desarrollan estrategias específicas para potenciar el turismo aprovechando las potencialidades del recurso lacustre; los entrevistados nos dan su opinión en cuanto a diversos aspectos relacionados con el turismo y los lagos de esta zona: el delicado equilibrio entre turismo y protección de los recursos; las potencialidades de las áreas aledañas a los lagos Pangue y Lleu Lleu; el patrimonio paisajístico y cultural de la provincia de Arauco, entre otros, son los aspectos que se exponen en las próximas páginas.

  4. Strains of toxic and harmful microalgae, from waste water, marine, brackish and fresh water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Palacio, M C; Crisóstomo-Vázquez, L; Alvarez-Hernández, S; Lozano-Ramírez, C

    2012-01-01

    Some microalgae are economically important in Mexico and the world because they can be potentially toxic. Algal explosive population growths are named harmful algal blooms and are frequently recorded in Mexico. The authors set up potentially toxic microalgae cultures from the Gulf of Mexico (Garrapatas tideland, Barberena river, Carpintero lagoon in Tamaulipas State; Chalchoapan and Catemaco lakes in Veracruz State), from the Mexican Pacific Ocean, Guerrero, Colima and Michoacán States, and from interior water bodies such as Vicente Aguirre dam, Chapultepec lake and several waste water treatment plants. This research is about the diversity and abundance of phytoplankton in relation a specific site because of harmful algal bloom events. Microalgae cultures are useful in order to solve taxonomic problems, to know life cycles, molecular studies, for the study of toxic species, and the isolation of useful metabolites. The cultures for this research are clonal, non-axenic, semi-continuous, 12:12 light/dark photoperiod, 20 ± 1 °C temperature and 90.5 µmol m(-2)s(-1) illumination. Four different culture media were used. This collection is open to the worldwide scientific community as a source of organisms in controlled conditions that can be used as a useful tool for microalgae research work. PMID:21815840

  5. The Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey IX: Data Release 2 and Outer Galaxy Extension

    CERN Document Server

    Ginsburg, Adam; Rosolowsky, Erik; Ellsworth-Bowers, Timothy P; Battersby, Cara; Dunham, Miranda; Merello, Manuel; Shirley, Yancy; Bally, John; Evans, Neal J; Stringfellow, Guy; Aguirre, James

    2013-01-01

    We present a re-reduction and expansion of the Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey, first presented by Aguirre et al. (2011) and Rosolowsky et al. (2010). The BGPS is a 1.1 mm survey of dust emission in the Northern galactic plane, covering longitudes -10 < \\ell < 90 and latitudes |b| < 0.5 with a typical 1-\\sigma RMS sensitivity of 30-100 mJy in a 33" beam. Version 2 of the survey includes an additional 20 square degrees of coverage in the 3rd and 4th quadrants and 2 square degrees in the 1st quadrant. The new data release has improved angular recovery, with complete recovery out to 100" and partial recovery to 300", and reduced negative bowls around bright sources resulting from the atmospheric subtraction process. We resolve the factor of 1.5 flux calibration offset between the v1.0 data release and other data sets and determine that there is no offset between v2.0 and other data sets. The v2.0 pointing accuracy is tested against other surveys and demonstrated to be accurate and an improvement over v1.0...

  6. Management of chronic hepatitis C virus infection in patients with end-stage renal disease: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aguirre Valadez J

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Jonathan Aguirre Valadez,1 Ignacio García Juárez,1 Rodolfo Rincón Pedrero,2 Aldo Torre11Department of Gastroenterology, 2Department of Nephrology, National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico Abstract: Infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD patients, mainly in those on hemodialysis (HD. The seroprevalence of HCV in developing countries ranges between 7% and 40%. Risk factors for this infection in the CKD population include the number of blood transfusions, duration of end-stage renal disease (ESRD, and prevalence of HCV in HD. Chronic HCV infection in patients with ESRD is associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality in the pre and post kidney transplant periods. The increase in mortality is directly associated with liver complications and an elevated cardiovascular risk in HCV-infected patients on hemodialysis. Antiviral treatment may improve the prognosis of patients with HCV, and standard interferon remains the cornerstone of treatment. Treatment of HCV in patients with CKD is complex, but achieving a sustained viral response may decrease the frequency of complications after transplantation. It appears that HCV-infected patients who remain on maintenance dialysis are at increased risk of death compared with HCV patients undergoing renal transplantation.Keywords: hepatitis C virus, chronic kidney disease, hemodialysis, interferon

  7. Acute-on-chronic liver failure: a review

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    Zamora Nava LE

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Luis Eduardo Zamora Nava,1 Jonathan Aguirre Valadez,2 Norberto C Chávez-Tapia,3 Aldo Torre21Department of Endoscopy, 2Department of Gastroenterology, National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition Salvador Zubirán, 3Obesity and Digestive Diseases Unit, Medica Sur Clinic and Foundation, Mexico City, MexicoAbstract: There is no universally accepted definition of acute-on-chronic liver failure; however, it is recognized as an entity characterized by decompensation from an underlying chronic liver disease associated with organ failure that conveys high short-term mortality, with alcoholism and infection being the most frequent precipitating events. The pathophysiology involves inflammatory processes associated with a trigger factor in susceptible individuals (related to altered immunity in the cirrhotic population. This review addresses the different definitions developed by leading research groups, epidemiological and pathophysiological aspects, and the latest treatments for this entity.Keywords: acute-on-chronic liver failure, cirrhosis, organ failure, acute kidney injury, infection

  8. El bandolerismo social revisitado. El caso del Norte del Tolima (Colombia

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    Armando Moreno Sandoval

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de retomar un planteamiento que había hecho el historiador inglés Eric Hobsbawm, en el sentido de reelaborar la tipología del bandolero social. Según él, para reelaborarlo era necesario contar con muchos más estudios de casos. A partir de algunos de ellos, el artículo se centra en dar cuenta del debate que ha generado el modelo del bandolerismo de Hobsbwm desde mediados del siglo XX. En primer lugar, doy cuenta, cómo sus discípulos y críticos han interpretado su modelo, principalmente el del bandolero social. Un segundo aspecto tiene que ver con algunos casos de bandolerismo mediterráneo, principalmente el catalán, el que se ha dado en el Magreb y el itálico. Por último, doy cuenta de un caso particular de bandolerismo social en el Tolima, Colombia: el del “Palomo” Aguirre.

  9. Optimal design for nonlinear estimation of the hemodynamic response function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maus, Bärbel; van Breukelen, Gerard J P; Goebel, Rainer; Berger, Martijn P F

    2012-06-01

    Subject-specific hemodynamic response functions (HRFs) have been recommended to capture variation in the form of the hemodynamic response between subjects (Aguirre et al., [ 1998]: Neuroimage 8:360-369). The purpose of this article is to find optimal designs for estimation of subject-specific parameters for the double gamma HRF. As the double gamma function is a nonlinear function of its parameters, optimal design theory for nonlinear models is employed in this article. The double gamma function is linearized by a Taylor approximation and the maximin criterion is used to handle dependency of the D-optimal design on the expansion point of the Taylor approximation. A realistic range of double gamma HRF parameters is used for the expansion point of the Taylor approximation. Furthermore, a genetic algorithm (GA) (Kao et al., [ 2009]: Neuroimage 44:849-856) is applied to find locally optimal designs for the different expansion points and the maximin design chosen from the locally optimal designs is compared to maximin designs obtained by m-sequences, blocked designs, designs with constant interstimulus interval (ISI) and random event-related designs. The maximin design obtained by the GA is most efficient. Random event-related designs chosen from several generated designs and m-sequences have a high efficiency, while blocked designs and designs with a constant ISI have a low efficiency compared to the maximin GA design. PMID:21567658

  10. Rehabilitation in a complex case of topographical disorientation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouwmeester, Lies; van de Wege, Anja; Haaxma, Rob; Snoek, Jos W

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the rehabilitation process of a patient with severe topographical disorientation. The study demonstrates the sustained effects of a tailor-made, meticulous rehabilitation programme based on the gradual development of compensatory strategies. The patient (RB) had a memory impairment specific to environmental landmarks. He was able to recognise objects in his environment, but was unable to identify any salient object as a landmark and was also unable to derive any directional information from a chosen landmark. As such, his topographical disorientation syndrome was complex in that he had elements of both landmark agnosia and a heading disorientation, as described by Aguirre and D'Esposito (1999). Because of this dual damage to the exocentric framework, the tools and methods used in RB's rehabilitation programme were all based on his intact egocentric frame of reference. Remarkable training effects were found for routes he used frequently. After years of training he could walk these routes without the aid of the written information he had used previously, which can be interpreted as a form of implicit learning. In the 12 years we followed this patient some transfer occurred, as the patient was ultimately able to identify his own landmarks. However, RB remains dependent on other people to construct new routes for him on the basis of these landmarks. PMID:24885419

  11. Mangrove root communities in Jobos Bay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the presence and absence of species, at least two major types of mangrove root communities exist in Jobos Bay. One community, occurring mainly along the Aguirre Ship Channel, is composed of species characteristic of coastal waters. Another occurring in Jobos Bay and in mangrove channels in the vinicity of Mar Negro Lagoon is characterized by embayment species. Water mass is the best single parameter which correlates with the different communities. In general, subtidal species are more susceptible to elevated temperatures than intertidal species and consequently will be the first affected. Because most of the predators and competitors are subtidal, the predation and competition which limit populations may be cut back. The effect will first be seen in increased populations of barnacles, because they are severely limited by predation and competition but are physiologically quite tolerant. The intertidal species should flourish (on a relative basis) and their vertical distributions should be extended downward. These effects are only primary. Many species which would do best in thermally altered situations are colonizing or fugitive species. It is unknown whether such an assemblage could persist with continued recruitment and growth of new individuals. The dominance of these colonizing or fugitive species may be only temporary, however, because blue-green algae are tolerant of elevated temperatures and have a negative effect on barnacle recruitment and growth. Consequently, blue-green algae may eventually dominate thermally affected mangrove roots

  12. Use of milk progesterone radioimmunoassay and computer applications for community based reproductive health services in smallholder dairy farms of Bangladesh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We trained veterinarians, inseminators and farmers to increase their skills and compliance with project activities, used AIDA Asia (a computer application) to record and evaluate fertility of bulls and performance of inseminators, introduced measurement of progesterone (P4) in milk by radioimmunoassay (RIA) to detect artificial insemination (AI) done at incorrect time and non-pregnant cows, and adopted community-based veterinary services for the management of dairy cattle health and reproduction. Training inseminators increased their skills in doing AI correctly and training veterinarians improved their confidence in the management of reproductive problems in cows. Training farmers increased their compliance to adopt the interventions that were introduced. Milk preserved with sodium azide maintained stable P4 concentrations for at least two weeks. Milk P4 concentration was intermediate (≥1 - 1 nmol/L) P4 concentration in milk on day 22.24 after AI, indicating non-pregnancy. More than 12% of cows that did not return to heat by 35.60 days after AI were non-pregnant upon rectal palpation. One-hundred and thirty-eight such cows were examined and 52% were anoestrous, 11% were repeat breeders, 14% had uterine infections and 17.4% had escaped oestrus detection. Various treatment regimes were tested for reproductive problems including anoestrus, repeat breeding and uterine infections, and those proven to be successful were adopted of wider application. Zebu bulls achieved 3.5% higher conception rate (50.8%; n 1275) than did crossbred bulls (47.3%; n = 1256). Conception rates achieved by individual inseminators ranged between 45.5% and 54.1%. In conclusion, milk progesterone RIA identified AIs done at the incorrect time and nonpregnant cows; on-farm veterinary services identified non-detected oestrous cows, which could be treated and inseminated; and AIDA Asia proved useful in evaluating fertility of bulls and skills of inseminators. (author)

  13. A comprehensive parameterization of heterogeneous ice nucleation of dust surrogate: laboratory study with hematite particles and its application to atmospheric models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Hiranuma

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A new heterogeneous ice nucleation parameterization that covers a wide temperature range (−36 to −78 °C is presented. Developing and testing such an ice nucleation parameterization, which is constrained through identical experimental conditions, is critical in order to accurately simulate the ice nucleation processes in cirrus clouds. The surface-scaled ice nucleation efficiencies of hematite particles, inferred by ns, were derived from AIDA (Aerosol Interaction and Dynamics in the Atmosphere cloud chamber measurements under water subsaturated conditions that were realized by continuously changing temperature (T and relative humidity with respect to ice (RHice in the chamber. Our measurements showed several different pathways to nucleate ice depending on T and RHice conditions. For instance, almost T-independent freezing was observed at −60 °C T ice explicitly controlled ice nucleation efficiency, while both T and RHice played roles in other two T regimes: −78 °C T T T colder than −60 °C revealed that higher RHice was necessary to maintain constant ns, whereas T may have played a significant role in ice nucleation at T warmer than −50 °C. We implemented new ns parameterizations into two cloud models to investigate its sensitivity and compare with the existing ice nucleation schemes towards simulating cirrus cloud properties. Our results show that the new AIDA-based parameterizations lead to an order of magnitude higher ice crystal concentrations and inhibition of homogeneous nucleation in colder temperature regions. Our cloud simulation results suggest that atmospheric dust particles that form ice nuclei at lower temperatures, below −36 °C, can potentially have stronger influence on cloud properties such as cloud longevity and initiation when compared to previous parameterizations.

  14. La macroestructura del folleto bancario como instrumento de persuasión: estudio contrastivo inglés-español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Alberola Colomar

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio es el análisis de una muestra de folletos bancarios con el fin de encontrar una macroestructura prototípica para este género. Además, estudiamos la existencia de una posible relación entre la estructura genérica de los folletos bancarios y la estrategia publicitaria denominada AIDA (responde a las siglas de los términos ingleses: Attention, Interest, Desire, Action. Se intenta demostrar que AIDA es el criterio que unifica la estructura de este género y que la macroestructura se convierte en un instrumento de persuasión. En este artículo se analizan 120 folletos bancarios de entidades españolas y entidades pertenecientes a las Islas Británicas. El corpus seleccionado cubre los temas de ahorros, seguros y préstamos. Además, se realiza un análisis contrastivo (folletos escritos en inglés y en español para comprobar la influencia de la globalización del mercado financiero europeo en el proceso de composición del folleto bancario. Los folletos bancarios no son los únicos documentos que se incluyen en las campañas publicitarias de las entidades financieras. Por lo tanto, en este artículo se lleva a cabo también un estudio comparativo con análisis de género de otros instrumentos publicitarios, concretamente los anuncios escritos y las cartas de venta.

  15. Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Cool Virulence Factors of Ralstonia solanacearum Race 3 Biovar 2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanhong Meng

    Full Text Available While most strains of the plant pathogenic bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum are tropical, the race 3 biovar 2 (R3bv2 subgroup attacks plants in cooler climates. To identify mechanisms underlying this trait, we compared the transcriptional profiles of R. solanacearum R3bv2 strain UW551 and tropical strain GMI1000 at 20°C and 28°C, both in culture and during tomato pathogenesis. 4.2% of the ORFs in the UW551 genome and 7.9% of the GMI1000 ORFs were differentially expressed by temperature in planta. The two strains had distinct transcriptional responses to temperature change. GMI1000 up-regulated several stress response genes at 20°C, apparently struggling to cope with plant defenses. At the cooler temperature, R3bv2 strain UW551 up-regulated a cluster encoding a mannose-fucose binding lectin, LecM; a quorum sensing-dependent protein, AidA; and a related hypothetical protein, AidC. The last two genes are absent from the GMI1000 genome. In UW551, all three genes were positively regulated by the adjacent SolI/R quorum sensing system. These temperature-responsive genes were required for full virulence in R3bv2. Mutants lacking lecM, aidA, or aidC were each significantly more reduced in virulence on tomato at 20°C than at 28°C in both a naturalistic soil soak inoculation assay and when they were inoculated directly into tomato stems. The lecM and aidC mutants also survived poorly in potato tubers at the seed tuber storage temperature of 4°C, and the lecM mutant was defective in biofilm formation in vitro. Together, these results suggest novel mechanisms, including a lectin, are involved in the unique temperate epidemiology of R3bv2.

  16. Influence of particle size and shape on the backscattering linear depolarisation ratio of small ice crystals – cloud chamber measurements in the context of contrail and cirrus microphysics

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    R. Wagner

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the laser scattering and depolarisation instrument SIMONE that is installed at the large aerosol and cloud chamber facility AIDA of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. SIMONE uses a 488 nm cw laser to probe simulated atmospheric clouds by measuring the scattered light from the 1.8° and 178.2° directions. At 178.2°, the scattered light is analysed for the linear polarisation state to deduce the particle linear depolarisation ratio δp which is a common measurement parameter of atmospheric lidar applications. The optical setup and the mathematical formalism of the depolarisation detection concept are given. SIMONE depolarisation measurements in spheroidal hematite aerosol and supercooled liquid clouds are used to validate the instrument. SIMONE data from a series of AIDA ice nucleation experiments at temperatures between 195 and 225 K were analysed in terms of the impact of the ice particle microphysics on δp. We found strong depolarisation values of up to 0.4 in case of small growing and sublimating ice particles with volume equivalent diameters of only a few micrometers. Modelling runs with the T-matrix method showed that the measured depolarisation ratios can be accurately reproduced assuming spheroidal and cylindrical particles with a size distribution that has been constrained by IR extinction spectroscopy. Based on the T-matrix modelling runs, we demonstrate that in case of small ice crystals the SIMONE depolarisation results are representative for the lidar depolarisation ratio which is measured at exact backscattering direction of 180°. The relevance of our results for the interpretation of recent lidar observations in cirrus and contrails is discussed. In view of our results, the high depolarisation ratios observed by the spaceborne lidar CALIOP in the tropical upper troposphere might be a hint for the presence of small (sublimating ice particles in the outflows of deep convective systems.

  17. Influence of particle size and shape on the backscattering linear depolarisation ratio of small ice crystals – cloud chamber measurements in the context of contrail and cirrus microphysics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Schnaiter

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the laser scattering and depolarisation instrument SIMONE that is installed at the large aerosol and cloud chamber facility AIDA of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. SIMONE uses a 488 nm cw laser to probe simulated atmospheric clouds by measuring the scattered light from the 1.8° and 178.2° directions. At 178.2°, the scattered light is analysed for the linear polarisation state to deduce the linear depolarisation ratio δl which is a common measurement parameter of atmospheric LIDAR applications. The optical setup and the mathematical formalism of the depolarisation detection concept are given. SIMONE depolarisation measurements in spheroidal hematite aerosol and supercooled liquid clouds are used to validate the instrument.

    SIMONE data from a series of AIDA ice nucleation experiments at temperatures between 195 and 225 K were analysed in terms of the impact of the ice particle microphysics on δl. We found strong depolarisation values of up to 0.4 in case of small growing and sublimating ice particles with volume equivalent diameters of only a few micrometers.

    Modelling runs with the T-matrix method showed that the measured depolarisation ratios can be accurately reproduced assuming spheroidal and cylindrical particles with a size distribution that has been constrained by IR extinction spectroscopy. Based on the T-matrix modelling runs, we demonstrate that in case of small ice crystals the SIMONE depolarisation results are representative for the LIDAR depolarisation ratio which is measured at exact backscattering direction of 180°.

    The relevance of our results for the interpretation of recent LIDAR observations in cirrus and contrails is discussed. In view of our results, the high depolarisation ratios observed by the spaceborne LIDAR CALIOP in the tropical upper troposphere might be a hint for the presence of small (sublimating ice particles in the outflows of deep

  18. Multi-analytical study of paint and varnish on a 17th century wooden polychrome antependium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aida Grga

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The antependium of Saint Michael's altar from the church of Saint Catherine in Osič, Croatia, is a work of the 17th century artist Matej Otoni. As a part of her Master's thesis, Aida Grga carried out a complex analysis of the paint layer (binding medium and pigments and of the resinous varnish found on the object. Thin layer chromatography, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and micro-chemical analysis were used to identify the materials. The investigation was carried out in the Laboratory for Conservation Research at the Arts Academy of the University of Split, under the supervision of PhD Ivica Ljubenkov.L’antependium de Saint Michel provenant de l’église de Sainte Catherine à Osič, Croatie, est l’œuvre de l’artiste Matej Otoni (XVIIe siècle. Dans le cadre de sa thèse de maîtrise, Aida Grga a exécuté une analyse complexe de la couche picturale (liant et matières colorantes et du vernis trouvés sur l’objet. La chromatographie sur couche mince, la spectroscopie infrarouge (FT-IR et une analyse microchimique ont été utilisés pour identifier les matériaux. La recherche a été effectuée sous la supervision de Dr. Ivica Ljubenkov au Laboratoire de Recherche en Conservation auprès de l’Académie des Beaux Arts de l’Université de Split.

  19. Influence of particle size and shape on the backscattering linear depolarisation ratio of small ice crystals - cloud chamber measurements in the context of contrail and cirrus microphysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnaiter, M.; Büttner, S.; Möhler, O.; Skrotzki, J.; Vragel, M.; Wagner, R.

    2012-11-01

    The article presents the laser scattering and depolarisation instrument SIMONE that is installed at the large aerosol and cloud chamber facility AIDA of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. SIMONE uses a 488 nm cw laser to probe simulated atmospheric clouds by measuring the scattered light from the 1.8° and 178.2° directions. At 178.2°, the scattered light is analysed for the linear polarisation state to deduce the particle linear depolarisation ratio δp which is a common measurement parameter of atmospheric lidar applications. The optical setup and the mathematical formalism of the depolarisation detection concept are given. SIMONE depolarisation measurements in spheroidal hematite aerosol and supercooled liquid clouds are used to validate the instrument. SIMONE data from a series of AIDA ice nucleation experiments at temperatures between 195 and 225 K were analysed in terms of the impact of the ice particle microphysics on δp. We found strong depolarisation values of up to 0.4 in case of small growing and sublimating ice particles with volume equivalent diameters of only a few micrometers. Modelling runs with the T-matrix method showed that the measured depolarisation ratios can be accurately reproduced assuming spheroidal and cylindrical particles with a size distribution that has been constrained by IR extinction spectroscopy. Based on the T-matrix modelling runs, we demonstrate that in case of small ice crystals the SIMONE depolarisation results are representative for the lidar depolarisation ratio which is measured at exact backscattering direction of 180°. The relevance of our results for the interpretation of recent lidar observations in cirrus and contrails is discussed. In view of our results, the high depolarisation ratios observed by the spaceborne lidar CALIOP in the tropical upper troposphere might be a hint for the presence of small (sublimating) ice particles in the outflows of deep convective systems.

  20. Heterogeneous nucleation of ice particles on glassy aerosols modifies TTL cirrus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, T. W.; Murray, B. J.; Dobbie, S.; Al-Jumur, S. M.; Cui, Z.; Wagner, R.; Moehler, O.; Schnaiter, M.; Benz, S.; Niemand, M.; Saathoff, H.; Skrotzki, J.; Ebert, V.; Wagner, S.; Karcher, B.

    2010-12-01

    Experiments at the AIDA chamber, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, have shown that glassy aqueous citric acid aerosol can nucleate ice at temperatures relevant to the tropical tropopause layer (TTL)(1). Modelling suggests this new route to the formation of TTL cirrus can provide an explanation for the very low ice particle number density observed in cirrus clouds in this region and may lead to high in-cloud supersaturations(1). Nucleation of ice on glassy aerosol is consistent with the absence of traditional ice nuclei in sampled TTL cirrus residue(2). In addition, we will present new data from experiments performed in July 2010 at the AIDA chamber using glassy aerosols composed of other atmospherically relevant compounds (levoglucosan, raffinose) and an internal mixture of five dicarboxylic acids and ammonium sulphate (raffinose/M5AS)(3). All four systems tested nucleate ice when in a glassy state. This indicates that heterogeneous ice nucleation is a general property of glassy aerosols and that natural aerosols which are composed of similar molecules will also nucleate ice if glassy. Glassy aqueous levoglucosan and raffinose/M5AS aerosol nucleated ice at temperatures similar to those found for glassy aqueous citric acid aerosol (<202 K). Whereas raffinose, which forms a glass at much higher temperatures, nucleated ice heterogeneously at up to ~220 K. This activity at higher temperatures suggests that ice nucleation by glassy aerosol may also play a role in the formation of warmer ice clouds. (1)B. J. Murray et al., Heterogeneous nucleation of ice particles on glassy aerosols under cirrus conditions, Nature Geosci, 2010, 3, 233-237. (2)K. D. Froyd et al., Aerosols that form subvisible cirrus at the tropical tropopause, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2010, 10, 209-218. (3)B. Zobrist et al., Do atmospheric aerosols form glasses?, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2008, 8, 5221-5244.

  1. Factors that affect the quality and efficiency of artificial insemination in oestrus synchronization programmes in dairy cattle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiments were performed during a three-year period in order to identify the factors affecting quality and efficiency of artificial insemination (AI) when it is used in cattle subjected to oestrus induction and synchronization (OIS) programmes. The study took place in the Western part of the country and 3 herds with a total of 6357 animals were used. The first study was a survey to evaluate the factors affecting the efficiency of AI in OIS. The second study examined the effects of body condition score (BCS) and three different regimes of OIS on the results of AI. Progesterone levels were measured in blood and milk using radioimmunoassay to determine the incidence of acyclic animals in the herds. Data were recorded and analysed using the artificial insemination database application (AIDA) and further statistical analyses were done using Systat. The results found in the survey showed a low conception rate (18%) and a great variability in the period from calving to conception (154 ± 98.11 days). The latter parameter was significantly different between herds (P<0.001). A high percentage of animals selected for OIS programmes (37%) showed a poor BCS (<2.5 on a scale of 1-5). Motility of semen used for AI was low (<30%) in 47% of the samples evaluated. The results from progesterone measurements demonstrated that the reasons for poor fertility were low accuracy in oestrus detection, poor response to treatment for OIS, non-fertilization, embryo mortality and functional disturbances present after treatment. Under our field conditions during the dry season, acyclicity (anoestrus) is a frequent problem in primiparous cows and in those with poor BCS. The BCS in heifers and the quality of different treatments had a significant effect on the conception rate. These results confirm that the use of progesterone measurement together with data management using AIDA is a very appropriate way to evaluate and improve the quality and efficiency of AI in OIS programmes. (author)

  2. Use of progesterone measurement to monitor artificial insemination, reproductive functions and pregnancy in Tunisian cattle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study was conducted on 924 dairy cows subjected to artificial insemination (AI) in four Tunisian farms. Three milk samples were collected from each cow, at the time of AI (day 0), 12 days after AI and between 22-24 days after AI. A total of 2830 milk samples were collected and progesterone was measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Results from samples collected on day 0 (n=1034) revealed that 10.1% of cows was inseminated at improper times, when progesterone level was greater than 1 nmol/L. Results from samples collected 12 days after AI (n=948) allowed distinguishing between cycling cows (progesterone >3 nmol/L, 69.4%) and non-cycling cows (progesterone 3.5 nmol/L were categorized as probably pregnant. The accuracy of these predictions was 96.6 and 73.3%, respectively. The data relating to farms, inseminated females, AI technicians and semen batch were analysed using the Artificial Insemination database Application (AIDA). The conception rate to the first service was 24.8% (n=306) and the overall conception rate from 597 services was 28.3%. The interval from calving to first service was 74.9 ± 35.2 days (n=306) and from calving to conception was 141.5 ± 108.1 days. The use of the progesterone assay methodology together with the AIDA computer database were found to be appropriate tools to help farmers to improve the reproductive management and fertility of dairy cattle subjected to AI. (author)

  3. A molecular tool for detection and tracking of a potential indigenous Beauveria bassiana strain for managing emerald ash borer populations in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johny, Shajahan; Kyei-Poku, George

    2014-10-01

    Emerald ash borer is an invasive species from Asia. Beauveria bassiana strain L49-1AA is being tested for the control of emerald ash borer in Canada, using an autocontamination trapping system. We have developed a simplified allele discrimination polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to screen B. bassiana strain, L49-1AA from other Beauveria species by targeting the inter-strain genetic differences in 5' end of EF1-α gene of the genus Beauveria. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) site, T→C was identified only in L49-1AA and was used to develop a simplified allele discrimination polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay based on a modified allelic inhibition of displacement activity (AIDA) approach for distinguishing B. bassiana L49-1AA from all background Beauveria isolates. The SNP site was employed to design inner primers but with a deliberate mismatch introduced at the 3' antepenultimate from the mutation site in order to maximize specificity and detection efficiency. Amplification was specific to L49-1AA without cross-reaction with DNA from other Beauveria strains. In addition, the designed primers were also tested against environmental samples in L49-1AA released plots and observed to be highly efficient in detecting and discriminating the target strain, L49-1AA from both pure and crude DNA samples. This new method can potentially allow for more discriminatory tracking and monitoring of released L49-1AA in our autocontamination and dissemination projects for managing EAB populations. Additionally, the modified-AIDA format has potential as a tool for simultaneously identifying and differentiating closely related Beauveria species, strains/isolates as well as general classification of other pathogens or organisms. PMID:25110340

  4. Expression of the Plasmodium falciparum Immunodominant Epitope (NANP)4 on the Surface of Salmonella enterica Using the Autotransporter MisL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Pérez, Fernando; León-Kempis, Rocío; Santiago-Machuca, Araceli; Ortega-Pierres, Guadalupe; Barry, Eileen; Levine, Myron; González-Bonilla, César

    2002-01-01

    Gram-negative bacterial proteins which are exported from the cytosol to the external environment by the type V secretion system are also known as autotransporters. Once translocated to the periplasmic compartment by the sec-dependent general secretory pathway, their C-terminal domain forms a pore through which the N-terminal domain travels to the outer membrane without the need of other accessory proteins. MisL (protein of membrane insertion and secretion) is a protein of unknown function located in the pathogenicity island SPI-3 of Salmonella enterica and classified as an autotransporter due to its high homology to Escherichia coli AIDA-I. In the present work, the MisL C-terminal translocator domain was used to display the immunodominant B-cell epitope of the circumsporozoite protein (CSP) from Plasmodium falciparum on the surface of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (serovar Typhimurium SL3261) and serovar Typhi (serovar Typhi CVD 908). The MisL β domain was predicted by alignment with AIDA-I, amplified from serovar Typhimurium SL3261, cloned in a plasmid fused to four repeats of the tetrapeptide NANP behind the Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin B subunit signal peptide to ensure periplasmic traffic, and expressed under the control of the anaerobically inducible nirB promoter. The fusion protein was translocated to the outer membrane of both bacterial strains, although the foreign epitope was displayed more efficiently in serovar Typhimurium SL3261, which elicited a better specific antibody response in BALB/c mice. More importantly, antibodies were able to recognize the native CSP in P. falciparum sporozoites. These results confirm that MisL is indeed an autotransporter and that it can be used to express foreign immunogenic epitopes on the surface of gram-negative bacteria. PMID:12065502

  5. The effect of organic coating on the heterogeneous ice nucleation efficiency of mineral dust aerosols

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of organic coating on the heterogeneous ice nucleation (IN) efficiency of dust particles was investigated at simulated cirrus cloud conditions in the AIDA cloud chamber of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. Arizona test dust (ATD) and the clay mineral illite were used as surrogates for atmospheric dust aerosols. The dry dust samples were dispersed into a 3.7 m3 aerosol vessel and either directly transferred into the 84 m3 cloud simulation chamber or coated before with the semi-volatile products from the reaction of α-pinene with ozone in order to mimic the coating of atmospheric dust particles with secondary organic aerosol (SOA) substances. The ice-active fraction was measured in AIDA expansion cooling experiments as a function of the relative humidity with respect to ice, RHi, in the temperature range from 205 to 210 K. Almost all uncoated dust particles with diameters between 0.1 and 1.0 μm acted as efficient deposition mode ice nuclei at RHi between 105 and 120%. This high ice nucleation efficiency was markedly suppressed by coating with SOA. About 20% of the ATD particles coated with a SOA mass fraction of 17 wt% were ice-active at RHi between 115 and 130%, and only 10% of the illite particles coated with an SOA mass fraction of 41 wt% were ice-active at RHi between 160 and 170%. Only a minor fraction of pure SOA particles were ice-active at RHi between 150 and 190%. Strong IN activation of SOA particles was observed only at RHi above 200%, which is clearly above water saturation at the given temperature. The IN suppression and the shift of the heterogeneous IN onset to higher RHi seem to depend on the coating thickness or the fractional surface coverage of the mineral particles. The results indicate that the heterogeneous ice nucleation potential of atmospheric mineral particles may also be suppressed if they are coated with secondary organics

  6. Agrobacterium mediated transformation of brassica juncea (l.) czern with chitinase gene conferring resistance against fungal infections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brassica juncea (Czern and Coss., L.) is an important oilseed crop. Since it is attacked by several bacterial and fungal diseases, therefore, we developed an easy and simple protocol for the regeneration and transformation of B. juncea variety RAYA ANMOL to give rise to transgenic plants conferring resistance against various fungal diseases. The transformation was carried out using Agrobacterium with Chitinase gene. This gene was isolated from Streptomyces griseus HUT6037. We used two types of explants for transformation i.e. hypocotyls and cotyledons. Only hypocotyls explants showed good results regarding callus initiation. Different hormonal concentrations were applied i.e. BAP 2, 4 and 6 mgL-1 and NAA 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mgL-1. However, high transformation efficiency was observed by supplementing the medium with combination of 2 mgL-1 BAP and 0.2 mgL-1 for initiation of callus. Similarly 10 mgL-1 kanamycin and 200 mgL-1 cefotaxime also proved successful for the selection of transformed callus. In order to confirm the presence of transgenic callus Polymerase chain reaction was performed using specific primers for Chitinase gene. (author)

  7. PEMBERDAYAAN PEREMPUAN MELALUI PEMBUDIDAYAAN TANAMAN SAYURAN DALAM POT BERBASIS APLIKASI TEKNOLOGI BOKASHI ECENG GONDOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gusti Irya Ichriani Kambang Vetrani Asie Siti Zubaidah, Dan Syahrudin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Vegetables cultivation in the pot based on Eichhornia crassipes bokashi technology application is the activity toempower women synergized with the natural resources around them. The purposed of IbM program implementationwere (1 empower and provide skills to the women group in order to utilize of natural resources (Eichhorniacrassipes, sawdust and alluvial soil and obtain vitamines, minerals and fiber for households through the vegetablescultivation in the pot and utilization of Eichhornia crassipes bokashi as growing mixture media; (2 as effort tosave on household spending and to creating entrepreneurship. This program was carried out with two groupsof women (the RW I women group and RW II women group from Cemara Labat, Palangka Raya, Central ofKalimantan. Socialization, training and coaching about cultivation of vegetables in the pot and making of Eichhorniacrassipes bokashi has given the ability and skills to the women group for utilizing natural resources around them.This IbM programme has sustainability. It is caused the women groups from RW I and RW II Cemara Labatwant to continue planting vegetables in the pot using Eichhornia crassipes bokashi, to meet needs of householdvegetables daily and it has raised a family entrepreneurship.

  8. Analysis on factors affecting household customers decision in using electricity at peak time and its correlation towards saving electricity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasasa, Linus; Marbun, Parlin; Mariza, Ita

    2015-09-01

    The purpose of this paper is to study and analyse the factors affecting customer decisions in using electricity at peak-load hours (between 17.00 to 22.00 WIB) and their behaviors towards electricity conservation in Indonesian household. The underlying rationale is to influence a reduction in energy consumption by stimulating energy saving behaviors, thereby reducing the impact of energy use on the environment. How is the correlation between the decisions in using electricity during peak load hours with the household customer's behavior towards saving electricity? The primary data is obtained by distributing questionnaires to customers of PT. PLN Jakarta Raya and Tangerang Distribution from Household segment. The data is analysed using the Structural Equation Model (SEM) and AMOS Software. The research is finding that all factors (Personal, Social, PLN Services, Psychological, and Cultural) are positively influence customer decision in using electricity at peak load hours. There is a correlation between the decisions in using electricity during peak load hours with the household customer's behavior towards saving electricity.

  9. Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using plant extracts as reducing agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elia P

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Paz Elia,1 Raya Zach,1 Sharon Hazan,2 Sofiya Kolusheva,2 Ze’ev Porat,1,3 Yehuda Zeiri1,3 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, 2Ilse Katz Institute of Nanotechnology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, 3Division of Chemistry, Negev Nuclear Research Center Beersheba, Israel Abstract: Gold nanoparticles (GNPs were prepared using four different plant extracts as reducing and stabilizing agents. The extracts were obtained from the following plants: Salvia officinalis, Lippia citriodora, Pelargonium graveolens and Punica granatum. The size distributions of the GNPs were measured using three different methods: dynamic light scattering, nanoparticle-tracking analysis and analysis of scanning electron microscopy images. The three methods yielded similar size distributions. Biocompatibility was examined by correlation of L-cell growth in the presence of different amounts of GNPs. All GNPs showed good biocompatibility and good stability for over 3 weeks. Therefore, they can be used for imaging and drug-delivery applications in the human body. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy was used to view the shapes of the larger GNPs, while infrared spectroscopy was employed to characterize the various functional groups in the organic layer that stabilize the particles. Finally, active ingredients in the plant extract that might be involved in the formation of GNPs are proposed, based on experiments with pure antioxidants that are known to exist in that plant. Keywords: gold nanoparticles, Lippia citriodora, Salvia officinalis, Pelargonium graveolens, Punica granatum, antioxidants, size distribution, zeta potential

  10. Using the local gas-phase oxygen abundances to explore a metallicity-dependence in SNe Ia luminosities

    CERN Document Server

    Moreno-Raya, M E; Molla, M; Galbany, L; Vilchez, J M; Carnero, A

    2016-01-01

    We present an analysis of the gas-phase oxygen abundances of a sample of 28 galaxies in the local Universe (z < 0.02) hosting Type Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia). The data were obtained with the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope (WHT). We derive local oxygen abundances for the regions where the SNe Ia exploded by calculating oxygen gradients through each galaxy (when possible) or assuming the oxygen abundance of the closest HII region. The sample selection only considered galaxies for which distances not based on the the SN Ia method are available. Then, we use a principal component analysis to study the dependence of the absolute magnitudes on the color of the SN Ia, the oxygen abundances of the region where they exploded, and the stretch of the SN light curve. We demonstrate that our previous result suggesting a metallicity-dependence on the SN Ia luminosity for not-reddened SNe Ia (Moreno-Raya et al. 2016) can be extended to our whole sample. These results reinforce the need of including a metallicity proxy, such...

  11. Socialdemocracia y capital: las raíces neoclásicas del modelo sueco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario del Rosal Crespo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available La socialdemocracia ha tenido en el Modelo Sueco su referente por antonomasia. Sin embargo, las raíces teóricas de esta experiencia histórica, lejos de implementar los principios típicos del keynesianismo, se asentaron sobre unas bases de marcado carácter neoclásico. A través del conocido como Modelo Rehn-Meidner, posteriormente afianzado por el llamado Modelo EFO, la socialdemocracia sueca estableció un marco de política fiscal y monetaria restrictiva en el que se desarrolló una política salarial solidaria cimentada en un poderoso sindicalismo y un sólido sistema corporativista de negociación colectiva centralizada. Así, mediante la paulatina igualación y la contención de los salarios, se buscaba estimular la productividad, mantener a raya los costes laborales y facilitar la concentración y la centralización del capital. El objetivo final era favorecer la competitividad del sector exportador sueco con el fin de asegurar una rentabilidad y un ritmo de acumulación adecuados.

  12. Investigation of optical properties of anthocyanin doped into sol-gel based matrix

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashim, Hasrina; Abdul Aziz, Nik Mohd Azmi Nik; Isnin, Aishah

    2012-06-01

    Anthocyanin dye was extracted from petal of Hibiscus rosasinensis (Bunga Raya) and doped into sol-gel based matrix to investigate an effect of pH change on its optical properties. Sol-gel matrix based on Vinyl triethoxysilene (VTES) as a precursor was prepared through Sol-gel process at pH 7. The sol was doped with 0.1% of Anthocyanin and the same amount of dye was also dissolved in ethanol as a comparative sample. Hydrochloric Acid, HCl and Tetramethylammonium Hydroxide, TMAH were used to change the pH value by adding them at various concentrations into each sample. The emission spectra and chemical structures of the samples were measured by Spectrofluorometer and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) respectively. When excited at 410 nm, two emission peaks at about 492 and 574 nm were observed for Anthocyanin in acidic environment both in ethanol and VTES sol. In base environment however, only Anthocyanin dissolved in ethanol produced emission peak with a single peak at about 539 nm. The sensitivity of Anthocyanin dye toward pH changes in VTES open a possibility to use it as sensing element in which sol-gel based matrix are known to have higher mechanical strength and thermal stability.

  13. Interacciones de pesquerías ribereñas en Bahía Magdalena-Almejas, Baja California Sur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel A. Ojeda Ruiz de la Peña

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de aportar al desarrollo de un modelo conceptual sobre la pesca ribereña o artesanal en el área de Bahía Magdalena-Almejas, Baja California Sur, se jerarquizó la importancia de 14 pesquerías de la región. La calificación se basó en un análisis cualitativo por puntos y en la estimación de un índice de importancia relativa, con indicadores como los promedios de captura, valor y frecuencia de registro de especies objetivo en desembarcos de embarcaciones menores, de 1998 a 2009; entre ellas están: almeja catarina, escama, camarón, callo de hacha, tiburón, jaiba, calamar, almeja pata de mula, rayas, lisa, pulpo, abulón, langosta y caracol chino. La interacción temporal entre varias de ellas es controlada por vedas oficiales, pero cuando ocurre se reconocen posibles efectos por pesca incidental e ilegal y modificaciones al ecosistema.

  14. Substitution of Soybean Meal and Cornmeal to Moisture, pH, Bacterial Colony Forming and Shelf Life of Rejected Duck Meatballs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novia Deni

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the effect of substitution of soybean meal with cornmeal to moisture, pH, bacterial colony forming and the shelf life of rejected duck meatballs. This research material using duck meat Coast (Indian Runner salvage as much as 4000 grams were obtained from the Livestock Anduring Padang and soybean meal with Mungbean trademarks and cornmeal with cornstarch trademarks respectively of 600 grams were obtained at Raya Padang market. The research method used was experimental method with the random design, which consists of 5 treatments and 4 groups as replication. The treatment given in this study is the substitution of soybean meal and maize by A (100%: 0%, B (75%: 25%, C (50%: 50%, D (25%: 75% and E (0%: 100%. Variables measured were moisture, pH, bacterial colony forming and the shelf life of rejected duck meatballs. The results of this study indicate that substitution of soybean meal and cornmeal significant effect on moisture, pH, bacterial colony forming and shelf life. Substitution of soybean meal and cornmeal by 100%: 0% is the best to produce the rejected duck meatballs with 69.20% moisture, pH 6.44, bacterial colony forming 7.85 x 105 CFU / g, and the shelf life of 22.12 hours.

  15. en México 1950-1999

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    Julio Castellanos Elías

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presenta la relación entre endeudamiento público y la distribución del ingreso en México para lo que se obtuvieron los índices de Gini —que determina el grado de desigualdad en la distribución del ingreso de los hogares agrupados en deciles— de los resultados de las ocho encuestas de ingresos y gastos de los hogares que elaboró el INEGI y que van de 1963 a 1999, al compararlo con los datos del endeudamiento público de los mismos años no se encontró correlación significativa. Sin embargo, se hace una propuesta en la cual se afirma que sí hay una clara relación entre las variables mencionadas, para ello se aporta información que sostiene esta hipótesis. Asimismo, un descubrimiento esencial de este trabajo se refiere a que el mecanismo fundamental en los niveles nacional e internacional de distribución del ingreso —que beneficia a los ricos y perjudica a los pobres— es el endeudamiento público y privado, situación que se asemeja a las antiguas tiendas de raya de las haciendas porfiristas del siglo pasado, lo que caracteriza a la bien llamada globalización

  16. Potensi Lumpur Sawit (SOLID Sebagai Pakan Ruminansia di Kabupaten Pelalawan Provinsi Riau

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    Kodri Yanto

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Potential of palm oil’s waste (solid as ruminant feed in Pelalawan district of Riau Province ABSTRACT. The objective of this study was to know potential of solid waste in Pelalawan district, Riau province. Research was carried out from December 2007 – January 2008 in Pelalawan district by using 4 factories of Elaeis guineensis (PKS. The four factories that were used for data collection were PT. Multi Palma Sejahtera (MPS, PT. Inti Indo Sawit Subur (IIS, PT. Sinar Agro Raya (SAR and PT. Musim Mas (MM. The results of study showed that solid waste in Pelalawan district of Riau province had a great potential. Production of solid waste in Pelalawan district was around 76.176 tons/year and carrying capacity was 5.132 animals unit. Farmers will use solid waste at large quantity if they raise livestock in commercially, for instance for fattening purpose. The strategies which can be applied to maximize solid waste utilization are through partnership between farmers and factories or local government pihak PKS.

  17. In Vitro Screening for Drought Tolerance in Different Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench Varieties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yohannes Tsago

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Drought is one of the complex environmental factors affecting growth and yield of sorghum in arid and semi-arid areas of the world. Sixteen elite sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L Moench genotypes were evaluated for their genetic potential to drought tolerance at callus induction and plant regeneration stage for drought tolerance. The non-ionic water soluble polymer polyethylene glycol (PEG of molecular weight 6000 was used as osmoticum to simulate water stress. The factorial experiment was laid down in a completely randomized design which comprised of a combination of two factors (genotypes and five PEG stress level; 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0% (w/v treatments. Data were recorded for callus induction efficiency, callus fresh weight, embryogenic callus percentage and plant regeneration percentage. Significant differences were observed among the genotypes, treatments and their interactions for the evaluated plant traits suggesting a great amount of variability for drought tolerance in sorghum. The correlation analysis also revealed strong and significant association between embryogenic callus percent and plant regeneration percent as well as between embryogenic callus percent and plant regeneration percent. By taking into consideration all the measured traits, Mann Whitney rank sum test revealed that 76T1#23 and Teshale followed by Meko, Gambella-1107 and Melkam showed better drought stress tolerance. Therefore they are recommended to be used as parents for genetic analysis, gene mapping and improvement of drought tolerance while Chelenko, Hormat and Raya appear to be drought sensitive.

  18. Archaeometric analyses of white glazes used in Islamic glazed pottery by using a portable XRF and XRD analyzer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have carried out on-site nondestructive analyses of the white glazes of Islamic pottery excavated at the Fort of Raya in Egypt using a portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (p-XRF) and a portable X-ray diffractometer (p-XRD). It is expected that the systematic chemical analysis of the various types of Islamic white glazed pottery provides the archaeological information such as the production area, the production period and production technique. In this report, we analyzed the various Islamic potteries such as the luster-painted pottery and the so-called Fayyumid glazed pottery. As for the result of XRF analysis, it was found that the content of Pb, Sn, Ca were useful to characterize the white glaze. The luster-painted pottery which was produced in the 9th to 10th centuries in Iraq and the so-called Fayyumid glazed pottery which was probably produced in the 10th to 12th centuries in Egypt have differences in their chemical compositions. On the basis of their compositional differences, the production area or date of the plain opaque glazed pottery which has little typological evidences can be estimated. Furthermore, the cause of opacity in white glaze was identified as cassiterite (SnO2) using the p-XRD. (author)

  19. PAEDIATRIC POSTERIOR FOSSA TUMORS: A CLIN ICO - PATHOLOGICAL STUDY I N A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raja Sekhar Kennedy

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Tumors of the Central Nervous S ystem , are the second commonest childhood tumors and are the most common solid paediatric tumors comprising 40% - 50% of all tumors . 1 2 Posterior fossa brain tumors are one of the most devastating forms of human illnesses wh ich are more common in children. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES : To study the incidence, clinicopathological features and management of paediatric posterior fossa tumors. MATERIALS AND METHOD S : This is a prospective study done in the Department of Neurosurgery, Ranga raya Medical College, Government General Hospital, Kakinada from 2012 to 2015. It is a Tertiary Care Hospital. A total of 25 paediatric patients ranging from infants to 15 years were included in the study. DISCUSSION AND CONCL USION: Posterior fossa tumors are the commonest solid brain tumors of children with a rate of 2.4 per lakh of children at risk per year. The predominant symptoms are headache and vomiting followed by cerebellar symptoms (gait disturbances. Posterior fossa tumors are predominantly seen in children with peak incidence in first decade. Commonest presenting symptoms are due to raised intracranial pressure with headache and vomiting followed by cerebellar symptoms. Meticulous microsurgical techniques are to be followed in removing these tum ors. The incidence of recurrence is very less after gross total excision. Prognosis is good in patients with total excision

  20. SINERGISME PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA LOKAL DAN PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK IBU-IBU DI DESA LAMUNTI PERMAI A1 KAWASAN EKS PLG KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUSTI IRYA ICHRIANI, dkk.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This Community Service was conducted in conjunction to the IbM programme DP2M DIKTI 2013 with the women groups of Lamunti Permai Kawasan Ex PLG, sub distric Mentangai, District Kapuas, Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan. The purposes of IbM programme (1 assist local communities in order to empower the surrounding natural resources, namely pineapple and (2 provide the skills of women to cultivate pineapple into processed food products which can become be a business opportunity for them. In late the IbM program, the group of women partners are skilled making, packing and labeling of processed pineapple products. Processed pineapple products are made in the form of crackers and wetcandied pineapples. The products were introduced to the outside Lamunti Permai. The problems encountered were the standard product could not be done in the distant location for marketing which led to increase the production costs, and moreover the production license that does not exist so that consumer confidence in processed food products is still low. Keywords: pineapple crackers, pineapple candied

  1. Environmental and Social Impacts of Oil Palm Plantations and their Implications for Biofuel Production in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heru Komarudin

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the development of oil palm with linkages to biofuel in Indonesia and analyzes the associated environmental and socioeconomic impacts. We selected three plantation study sites in West Papua (Manokwari, West Kalimantan (Kubu Raya, and Papua (Boven Digoel to assess the impacts. Research findings indicate that the development of oil palm in all three sites has caused deforestation, resulting in significant secondary external impacts such as water pollution, soil erosion, and air pollution. In terms of social impacts, many stakeholder groups, i.e., employees, out-growers, and investing households, report significant gains. However, we found these benefits were not evenly distributed. Other stakeholders, particularly traditional landowners, experienced restrictions on traditional land use rights and land losses. We observed increasing land scarcity, rising land prices, and conflicts over land in all sites. Three major trade-offs are associated with the development of oil palm plantations, including those related to biofuels: unevenly distributed economic benefits are generated at the cost of significant environmental losses; there are some winners but also many losers; and economic gains accrue at the expense of weak rule of law. To reduce the negative impacts and trade-offs of oil palm plantations and maximize their economic potential, government decision makers need to restrict the use of forested land for plantation development, enforce existing regulations on concession allocation and environmental management, improve monitoring of labor practices, recognize traditional land use rights, and make land transfer agreements involving customary land more transparent and legally binding.

  2. REVIEW OF PASSIVE DRAG REDUCTION TECHNIQUES FOR BLUFF ROAD VEHICLES

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    Alaman Altaf

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT:This paper presents a review of the techniques used to reduce aerodynamic drag over bluff bodies such as cylinders, spheres, 2D bodies with blunt backs and their application to commercial road vehicles.  The recent research carried out on the drag reduction is presented and categorised. A new classification of the techniques is introduced and major contributions under them are shown. It can be concluded that there is not much work done with realistic 3D bluff bodies, especially using passive methods.ABSTRAK: Kertas kerja ini membentangkan kaji selidik semula teknik yang digunakan untuk mengurangkan seret aerodinamik ke atas jasad tubir seperti silinder, sfera, jasad 2D dengan belakang tumpul dan aplikasinya terhadap kenderaan jalan raya komersial. Pengurangan seretan dibentangkan dan dikategorikan dengan kajian terkini. Klasifikasi teknik terkini diperkenalkan dan sumbangan utamanya diperbentangkan.  Secara kesimpulannya terdapat banyak tugasan yang tidak yang dapat dijalankan dengan menggunakan jasad tubir 3D sebenar, terutamanya dengan penggunaan kaedah pasif.

  3. Perceptions Towards Non-Value-Adding Activities During The Construction Process

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    Ismail Haryati

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-value-adding activities are pure waste during the construction process. However, most of the construction practitioner does not realise that most of the activities performed during the construction process add no value to their project. A total of 375 numbers of questionnaires distributed to the Developer, Jabatan Kerja Raya, Consultants and Contractors. The study found that awareness by construction participants in Malaysia to take actions against non-value-adding activities during the construction process is relatively low. Through analysed by using the Pareto Chart, it has been found that defects and waiting time are two categories of non-value-adding activities that need to be prioritised by the industry. It is also found that non-value-adding activities most frequently occurred during structural and architectural work. This paper also reviewed on the causes of non-value-adding activities and discussed its effect towards time, cost, quality and productivity of the construction project. This paper is also important to give clearness and broader understandings on this form of waste other than material waste.

  4. ELECTRICITY-FREE PRODUCTION OF ACTIVATED CARBON FROM BIOMASS IN BORNEO TO IMPROVE WATER QUALITY

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    Yasutaka Sasaki,

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Activated carbons (ACs were prepared from biomass of Borneo island (wood charcoal, peat, and coconut husk by using an electricity–free furnace, of which the energy source was exclusively wood charcoal. This furnace was comprised of two parts, an inner vessel equipped with water inlet for steam activation and an outer shell as a heating part for the inner vessel. The inside temperature of the inner vessel was able to reach over 1000 oC. Peat and wood charcoal were converted to AC by carbonization followed by steam activation, and the specific BET surface areas of resultant ACs were 889 m2/g and 749 m2/g, respectively. A mobile apparatus for water purification was newly designed and fabricated with the resultant AC, together with a white quartz sand, which is called keranggas in Kalimantan. The CODOH of both polluted creek water by the University of Palangka Raya and Kahayan River water were remarkably decreased by the purification with the designed apparatus from 20.0 mgO/L to 0.93 mgO/L, and 18.2 mgO/L to 0.74 mgO/L, respectively. Thus, the newly designed furnace and purification apparatus were shown to be highly effective tools to produce a promising agent for water purification and to produce clarified water without use of electricity, respectively.

  5. PAGAR UNTUK MENGURANGI INTRUSI POLUSI DEBU HALUS KE DALAM BANGUNAN

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    Thomas J. Scanlon

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects of fence in reducing particulate matter concentration from street traffic to adjacent buildings (i.e. houses were studied by using computational fluid dynamics. A variety of fence property: porosity, height,positions relative to the house and wind direction were investigated related to a constant set of weather data of a hot-humid country (i.e. Indonesia. This investigation shows that a solid fence, which is close proximity to the building, will give a considerable particulate matter reduction carried by an oblique wind direction of up to 11%. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Ide dasar bahwa penyebaran suatu zat dapat dikurangi atau dihalangi dengan sistem bloking diuji dengan menggunakan metode komputasi dinamika fluida (CFD. Keragaman kondisi fisik pembatas antara sumber zat dan penerima zat meliputi : kerapatan, besaran (tinggi dan panjang, perletakan terhadap bangunan/jalan dan arah angin diuji pengaruhnya terhadap kemampuan mengurangi penyebaran debu halus dari jalan raya ke dalam bangunan yang lokasinya berdekatan dengan jalan tersebut. Kondisi cuaca yang menyertai pengujian dikhususkan pada kondisi iklim tropis lembab. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa pagar pembatas yang terbuat dari bahan dengan kerapatan 100% mampu mengurangi penyebaran debu halus di balik pagar sampai 11 %. Kata kunci: konsentrasi debu halus, pagar pembatas, kerapatan, jarak halaman, bangunan, CFD.

  6. Öküzgözü ve Boğazkere Üzümleri Karışımının Şaraba İşlenmesinde Cibre Fermantasyonu Süresinin Fenol Bileşikleri Üzerine Etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    Bozdoğan, Adnan; Ünal, M. Ümit; ERTEN, Hüseyin; Cabaroğlu, Turgut

    2005-01-01

    Bu çalışmada kırmızı şarap üretiminde cibre fermantasyonu süresinin fenol bileşikleri üzerine etkisi araştırılmıştır. Öküzgözü ve Boğazkere üzümleri (1:1) ve (2:1) oranlarında karıştırıldıktan sonra 25 °C’de 3, 5 ve 7 gün maserasyona bırakılmıştır. Maserasyon süresince toplam fenol bileşikleri, renk yoğunluğu ve renk tonu değerleri izlenmiştir. Her iki karışımda da fenol bileşiklerinin büyük kısmının maserasyonun ilk günlerinde, alkol fermantasyonu başlamadan önce şıraya geçtikleri, toplam ...

  7. Ciberperiodismo en el estado Zulia: Hacia las nuevas competencias profesionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Mara Prieto

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la investigación se centró en describir el perfil profesional de los periodistas que laboran en los cibermedios del estado Zulia. Para abordar el problema se tomó como punto de partida las experiencias periodsticas vivenciadas en cibermedios zulianos (Faras y Prieto, 2006, 2007; Mogollón y Prieto, 2006 y el perfil del ciberperiodista definido por Albarrán (2008, Aguirre (2006, Saba (2006, Camus (2002 y Gil (1999. Esto implicó describir y caracterizar los equipos de profesionales que integran los cibermedios de la región zuliana en función de aportar a la configuración del perfil del nuevo periodista que pretenda desempeñarse con acierto en el ciberespacio. Desde el punto de vista metodológico, se trató de una investigación descriptiva de carácter cuantitativo con diseño transeccional donde se aplicó como instrumento la encuesta. Entre las conclusiones de la investigación destacan que las competencias ciberperiodsticas en su mayora están instrumentalizadas y asociadas al manejo de editores de texto y datos, as como Internet, siendo estas herramientas suficientes para cubrir las expectativas de sus labores, revelando en este sentido estar muy lejos de los constructos teórico-éticos que deben fundamentar el ciberperiodismo. Predomina en las ciberredacciones del estado Zulia profesionales jóvenes del género masculino egresados en el último lustro, y existe una falta de consenso en las denominaciones de cargos y funciones.

  8. Burnup measurements of leader fuel elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some time ago the CCHEN authorities decided to produce a set of 50 low enrichment fuel elements. These elements were produced in the PEC (Fuel Elements Plant), located at CCHEN offices in Lo Aguirre. These new fuel elements have basically the same geometrical characteristics of previous ones, which were British and made with raw material from the U.S. The principal differences between our fuel elements and the British ones is the density of fissile material, U-235, which was increased to compensate the reduction in enrichment. Last year, the Fuel Elements Plant (PEC) delivered the shipment's first four (4) fuel elements, called leaders, to the RECH1. A test element was delivered too, and the complete set was introduced into the reactor's nucleus, following the normal routine, but performing a special follow-up on their behavior inside the nucleus. This experimental element has only one outside fuel plate, and the remaining (15) structural plates are aluminum. In order to study the burnup, the test element was taken out of the nucleus, in mid- November 1999, and left to decay until June 2000, when it was moved to the laboratory (High Activity Cell), to start the burnup measurements, with a gamma spectroscopy system. This work aims to show the results of these measurements and in addition to meet the following objectives: (a) Visual test of the plate's general condition; (b) Sipping test of fission products; (c) Study of burn-up distribution in the plate; (d) Check and improve the calculus algorithm; (e) Comparison of the results obtained from the spectroscopy with the ones from neutron calculus

  9. V5584 SGR = Nova Sagittarii 2009 Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waagen, Elizabeth O.

    2009-10-01

    V5584 Sgr = N Sgr 2009 No. 4 was discovered By: Koichi Nishiyama, Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan, and F. Kabashima, Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan, on Oct. 26.439 UT (two frames from Oct. 26.439 and 26.440) at unfiltered CCD magnitude 9.3, using a 105-mm f/4 camera lens. V5584 Sgr is located at R.A. 18:31:32.79, Decl. -16:19:07.5 (equinox 2000.0), based on the discoverers' five unfiltered CCD frames taken around Oct. 26.455 UT. The object was confirmed as a classical nova through spectra obtained by K. Kinugasa, S. Honda, O. Hashimoto, H. Taguchi, and H. Takahashi, Gunma Astronomical Observatory, Japan, on Oct. 27.4 UT; by H. Maehara, Kwasan Observatory, Kyoto University, Japan, on Oct. 27.42 UT; and (reported by Maehara) by M. Fujii, Okayama, Japan, on Oct. 27.43 UT. Observations reported to the AAVSO: Oct. 27.4167 UT, 10.0 (green channel of DSLR image), R. Kaufman, Bright, Victoria, Australia; 27.7300, 9.9, R. Fidrich, Budapest, Hungary; 27.7396, 9.8, D. Vansteelant, Belgium; 27.9865, 9.78, G. Beltran, Cochabamba, Bolivia; 28.0646, 9.8, S. Aguirre, Hermosillo, Mexico; H. Maehara, Kwasan Observatory, Kyoto University (via IAU Circular 9089) - Oct. 27.460, 8.66 Ic; 27.461, 9.29 Rc; 27.461, 9.90 V; 27.463, 11.06 B. N Sgr 2009 No. 4 was originally announced in CBET 1994 (Daniel W. E. Green, Ed.) and AAVSO Special Notice #173 (E. Waagen). Additional non-AAVSO information in this Alert Notice was announced in IAU CBET No. 1995 and IAU Circular 9089 (Daniel W. E. Green, Ed.).

  10. La matanza de los inocentes. Intelectuales cubanas en defensa del niño español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niall Binns

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES-CO X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} El artículo estudia el impacto que tuvo en siete intelectuales cubanas la Guerra Civil Española y, concretamente, las imágenes de niños muertos en los bombardeos aéreos de Madrid y otras ciudades republicanas. Estas imágenes, divulgadas por la prensa y los noticiarios cinematográficos, se reiteran obsesivamente en los escritos de Mariblanca Sabas Alomá, Serafina Núñez, Berta Arocena, Mirta Aguirre, Fina García Marruz, Emma Pérez y Teté Casuso. Estas intelectuales cubanas, arropadas por el prestigioso ejemplo de Gabriela Mistral, apelan a su sensibilidad “maternal” para expresar su compasión y para justificar su indignación y su activismo político en defensa del niño español.

  11. Universe or Multiverse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Bernard

    2009-08-01

    Part I. Overviews: 1. Introduction and overview Bernard Carr; 2. Living in the multiverse Steven Weinberg; 3. Enlightenment, knowledge, ignorance, temptation Frank Wilczek; Part II. Cosmology and Astrophysics: 4. Cosmology and the multiverse Martin J. Rees; 5. The anthropic principle revisited Bernard Carr; 6. Cosmology from the top down Stephen Hawking; 7. The multiverse hierarchy Max Tegmark; 8. The inflationary universe Andrei Linde; 9. A model of anthropic reasoning: the dark to ordinary matter ratio Frank Wilczek; 10. Anthropic predictions: the case of the cosmological constant Alexander Vilenkin; 11. The definition and classification of universes James D. Bjorken; 12. M/string theory and anthropic reasoning Renata Kallosh; 13. The anthropic principle, dark energy and the LHC Savas Dimopoulos and Scott Thomas; Part III. Particle Physics and Quantum Theory: 14. Quarks, electrons and atoms in closely related universes Craig J. Hogan; 15. The fine-tuning problems of particle physics and anthropic mechanisms John F. Donoghue; 16. The anthropic landscape of string theory Leonard Susskind; 17. Cosmology and the many worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics Viatcheslav Mukhanov; 18. Anthropic reasoning and quantum cosmology James B. Hartle; 19. Micro-anthropic principle for quantum theory Brandon Carter; Part IV. More General Philosophical Issues: 20. Scientific alternatives to the anthropic principle Lee Smolin; 21. Making predictions in a multiverse: conundrums, dangers, coincidences Anthony Aguirre; 22. Multiverses: description, uniqueness and testing George Ellis; 23. Predictions and tests of multiverse theories Don N. Page; 24. Observation selection theory and cosmological fine-tuning Nick Bostrom; 25. Are anthropic arguments, involving multiverses and beyond, legitimate? William R. Stoeger; 26. The multiverse hypothesis: a theistic perspective Robin Collins; 27. Living in a simulated universe John D. Barrow; 28. Universes galore: where will it all end? Paul

  12. K-Ar geochronologic evidence for a triassic metamorphic event in the main Chiloe Island, south-central Chile

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pioneers geological reconnaissance studies in the Chiloe Archipelago recognised a Palaeozoic metamorphic basement (Saliot, 1969; Watters and Fleming, 1972; Valenzuela, 1982; Valdivia, 1986). Currently in progress geologic studies (Munoz et al., 1999, Duhart et al., 2000; Antinao et al., 2000) interpreted these rocks as part of the Bahia Mansa Metamorphic Complex (Duhart et al., 2000), well exposed to the north and equivalent to the 'Serie Occidental' (Aguirre et al., 1972). Geochronologic data set indicate that this complex evolved during Devonian to Triassic times. In the main Chiloe Island, this metamorphic complex is mainly conform by metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks covered by Tertiary sedimentary and volcanic rocks and Quaternary glacial, fluvial, estuarine, beach, eolian and fluvial deposits. According to north-west and north-south lineament observed in satellite images, regional magnetic maps and topographic features, the main Chiloe island have been divide in northern, central and southern segments (Munoz et al., 1999). These lineaments are interpreted as regional faults but their ages and cinematic are not well constrained. The central segment was interpreted as an uplifted tectonic block and recent studies in the northern part of this segment have identified an intrusive body herein named as 'Metalqui Pluton'. Although the age of this pluton is unknown yet, Cretaceous intrusive rocks in the same tectonic setting of the Metalqui Pluton have been reported in the Valdivia area (Munizaga et al., 1988; Duhart et al., 1998). Previous U-Pb radiometric ages for detrital zircons from pelitic schists in the northern segment indicated a maximum sediment deposition age during Early to Middle Devonian (Duhart et al., 1999). Also, Triassic K-Ar and 40Ar/39Ar ages have been determined for the main metamorphic and tectonic event. This contribution report Triassic K-Ar ages for the central segment and discuss their regional significance (au)

  13. Sección bibliográfica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Orlando Melo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Los Grandes Conflictos Sociales y Económicos de Nuestra Historia.  Lievano Aguirre, Indalecio. / Los Temas Sociales y Económicos en la Época de la independencia.  Griffin, Charles C. / La Marina Real Británica y la  liberación de Suramérica.  Humphrey, Robert A. / Índice de "El Repertorio Colombiano”.  Ortega Torres, José. / Juan Manuel Rosas.  Abadía Méndez, Miguel. / Índice del "Papel Periódico Ilustrado" y de Colombia Ilustrada".  Ortega Torres, José J. / Codazzi, Humboldt, Ca1das: Precursores de la Geografía Moderna.  Vila, Pablo. / Obras.  Domínguez Camargo, Hernando. / Nariño, una conciencia criolla contra la tiranía. Miramón, Alberto. / Nariño Periodista.  Restrepo Canal, Carlos. /  El periodismo en la Nueva Granada: 1810-1811.  Martínez  Delgado, Luis; Ortiz, Sergio Elías. / Memorias sobre la revo1ución y sucesos de Santa fe  de Bogotá, en el trastorno de la Nueva Granada y Venezuela.  Torres y Peña, José Antonio de. / Génesis de la revolución del 20 de julio de 1810.  Ortiz, Sergio Elías. / 1818 Guerra de Independencia.  Vergara y Velasco, F.J. / Timaná. De Belalcázar a la Gaitana: parábola de violencia y libertad.  Gómez Picón, Rafael. / Seudónimos Colombianos.  Pérez Ortiz, Rubén.

  14. U-Pb, 40Ar-39Ar and fission track geochronology of the Early Cretaceous Caleu pluton and its volcanic envelope, Coastal Range of central Chile: tectonic and metamorphic implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Caleu pluton is emplaced into a thick Early Cretaceous volcano-sedimentary succession deposited in a subsiding basin (Vergara et al., 1995). This succession includes the Ocoite Group (Aguirre et al., 1989) and the Las Chilcas Formation. At the latitude of Santiago (33oS) the Ocoite Group is represented by a c. 10 km thick pile, whose lower third corresponds to the volcanic-sedimentary Lo Prado Formation (Valanginian - Hauterivian). The central part of the pile corresponds to the Veta Negra Formation (Barremian - Albian), which is made up of continental porphyritic basalts and basaltic andesites and continental flow breccias. The Las Chilcas Formation (Mid-Albian) consists of a succession of limestones, red sandstones, rhyolitic tuff, and thick strata of coarse-grained conglomerates. The Early Cretaceous basalts and basaltic andesites of the Veta Negra Formation and the granitoids of the Caleu pluton are rocks derived from one of the most isotopically (Sr-Nd) depleted source identified in Andean history (cf. Vergara et al., 1995; Parada et al., 2001). These rocks exhibit high-K to shoshonitic affinity, and are associated with a regional extensional regime (Levi et al., 1989; Vergara et al., 1995), probably triggered by asthenospheric upwelling after a lithospheric delamination (Parada et al., 1999). As a consequence of the extensional regime, low-grade burial metamorphism developed in the rocks of the volcano sedimentary sequences. The aim of this study is to provide evidence from U-Pb (zircon), 40Ar-39Ar (hornblende, biotite and plagioclase), and apatite fission track dating of the Caleu pluton, and from 40Ar-39Ar (plagioclase, sericite and adularia) ages of the spatially related mafic volcanic rocks of the Veta Negra Formation, about the timing of magmatism, subsolidus cooling of the pluton and metamorphism, and the tectonic processes that took place during a key period of the Andean geological evolution in central Chile (au)

  15. Responsabilidad social: compromiso u obligación universitaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René Aguirre

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo tiene como propósito analizar la responsabilidad social desde el enfoque del compromiso u obligación que las organizaciones universitarias tienen con respecto a la sociedad en la cual interactúan, sustentándose en autores como Vallaeys et al. (2009, Guedez (2006, Pelekais y Aguirre (2008, Pelekais et al. (2007 Carneiro (2004 entre otros. Bajo un paradigma cualitativo, la investigación fue documental y analítica con un diseño bibliográfico. La técnica fue la observación documental, a través de la revisión de textos y otros documentos necesarios para conceptualizar la categoría objeto de estudio; asimismo, fuentes electrónicas. La contrastación teórica realizada dejó en evidencia que las universidades realizan esfuerzos por cumplir con acciones de responsabilidad social que beneficien a la comunidad tanto interna como externa, no obstante carecen de recursos económicos para los planes y proyectos programados, debido a la reformulación presupuestaria. En conclusión, las universidades están sustentadas en pilares éticos donde se ven apoyadas en el compromiso hacia la docencia, investigación y extensión, por tanto no basta con la transferencia de conocimientos teóricos o técnicos sino se ejerce la responsabilidad social bajo una perspectiva del compromiso de los principios y dimensiones de ella, vinculándose a la coherenciadel comportamiento ético individual como capacidad de interrelación del personal dentro y fuera de ella, del tal manera que se genera un vinculo con la universidad-sociedad-empresa generando así una triangulación por el bienestar responsable de la colectividad para garantizar el alcance del bien sustentable.

  16. Debris disk radiative transfer simulation tool (DDS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, S.; Hillenbrand, L. A.

    2005-10-01

    A WWW interface for the simulation of spectral energy distributions of optically thin dust configurations with an embedded radiative source is presented. The density distribution, radiative source, and dust parameters can be selected either from an internal database or defined by the user. This tool is optimized for studying circumstellar debris disks where large grains (a ≫1 μm) are expected to determine the far-infrared through millimeter dust reemission spectral energy distribution. The tool is available at http://aida28.mpia-hd.mpg.de/~swolf/dds. Catalogue identifier:ADVV Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADVV Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions:none Computers:PC with Intel(R) XEON(TM) 2.80 GHz processor Operating systems or monitors under which the program has been tested:SUSE Linux 9.1 Programming language used:Fortran 90 (for the main program; furthermore Perl, CGI and HTML) Memory required to execute with typical data:108 words No. of bits in a word:8 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.:44 636 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 4 806 280 Distribution format:tar.gz Nature of the physical problem:Simulation of scattered light and thermal reemission in arbitrary optically dust distributions with spherical, homogeneous grains where the dust parameters (optical properties, sublimation temperature, grain size) and SED of the illuminating/heating radiative source can be arbitrarily defined (example application: [S. Wolf, L.A. Hillenbrand, Astrophys. J. 596 (2003) 603]). The program is optimized for studying circumstellar debris disks where large grains (i.e. with large size parameters) are expected to determine the far-infrared through millimeter dust reemission spectral energy distribution. Method of solution:Calculation of the dust temperature distribution and dust reemission and scattering spectrum in the

  17. Airborne hygrometer calibration inter-comparison against a metrological water vapour standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smorgon, Denis; Boese, Norbert; Ebert, Volker

    2014-05-01

    Water vapour is the most important atmospheric greenhouse gas, which causes a major feedback to warming and other changes in the climate system. Knowledge of the distribution of water vapour and its climate induced changes is especially important in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UT/LS) where vapour plays a critical role in atmospheric radiative balance, cirrus cloud formation, and photochemistry. But, our understanding of water in the UT/LS is limited by significant uncertainties in current UT/LS water measurements. One of the most comprehensive inter-comparison campaigns for airborne hygrometers, termed AQUAVIT (AV1) [1], took place in 2007 at the AIDA chamber at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany. AV1 was a well-defined, referred, blind inter-comparison of 22 airborne field instruments from 17 international research groups. One major metrological deficit of AV1, however, was, that no traceable reference instrument participated in the inter-comparison experiments and that the calibration procedures of the participating instruments were not monitored or interrogated. Consequently a follow-up inter-comparison was organized in April 2013, which for the first time also provides a traceable link to the international humidity scale. This AQUAVIT2 (AV2) campaign (details see: http://www.imk-aaf.kit.edu/aquavit/index.php/Main_Page) was again located at KIT/AIDA and organised by an international organizing committee including KIT, PTB, FZJ and others. Generally AV2 is divided in two parallel comparisons: 1) AV2-A uses the AIDA chamber for a simultaneous comparison of all instruments (incl. sampling and in-situ instruments) over a broad range of conditions characteristic for the UT/LS; 2) AV2-B, about which this paper is reporting, is a sequential comparison of selected hygrometers and (when possible) their reference calibration infrastructures by means of a chilled mirror hygrometer traced back to the primary National humidity standard

  18. La industria lítica de las facies coluviales del yacimiento achelense de As Gándaras de Budiño. El Locus V en las excavaciones de Vidal Encinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo MÉNDEZ QUINTAS

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Las excavaciones de Emiliano Aguirre en As Gándaras de Budiño inauguran los trabajos en el yacimiento más importante del Paleolítico gallego y uno de los más importantes de la Península Ibérica. Desde este momento, las polémicas por su cronología y su industria lítica fueron frecuentes. Las excavaciones de Aguirre afectaron exclusivamente a niveles “coluviales”, donde la industria estaba desplazada de su posición original. El intento de datación de K. W. Butzer, mediante la técnica del C14, deparó resultados totalmente anómalos. Apoyándose en las mencionadas dataciones, situaron la ocupación achelense del yacimiento en un momento avanzado del Pleistoceno Superior. Ahora bien, ni el rango de aplicación del método de datación, ni el propio contexto de la industria (posición secundaria, justifican la adscripción cronológica propuesta. Trabajos posteriores, de Julio Vidal Encinas, ponen de manifiesto la existencia de industrias achelenses en un contexto estratigráfico diferente (terraza fluvial y sin alteraciones postdeposicionales importantes. La posición morfoestratigráfica de la terraza es propia de la segunda mitad del Pleistoceno Medio. Así mismo, las características de estas industrias son idénticas a las de cualquier otro yacimiento achelense mesopleistoceno de la Península Ibérica. En este artículo analizamos los materiales (inéditos procedentes del “Locus V” de las excavaciones de Vidal Encinas. Esta industria procede de niveles análogos a los identificados en las excavaciones de Aguirre. La comparación con los materiales, recuperados en niveles fluviales, sugiere que se trata de conjuntos semejantes, es decir, que forman parte de una misma ocupación (en sentido amplio. Las únicas diferencias apreciables derivan de los procesos sedimentarios (clasificación por tamaños principalmente, que intervinieron en la deposición de la industria de los niveles “coluviales”.ABSTRACT: Emiliano

  19. A Comprehensive Parameterization of Heterogeneous Ice Nucleation of Dust Surrogate: Laboratory Study with Hematite Particles and Its Application to Atmospheric Models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hiranuma, Naruki; Paukert, Marco; Steinke, Isabelle; Zhang, Kai; Kulkarni, Gourihar R.; Hoose, Corinna; Schnaiter, Martin; Saathoff, Harald; Mohler, Ottmar

    2014-12-10

    A new heterogeneous ice nucleation parameterization that covers a wide temperature range (-36 °C to -78 °C) is presented. Developing and testing such an ice nucleation parameterization, which is constrained through identical experimental conditions, is critical in order to accurately simulate the ice nucleation processes in cirrus clouds. The surface-scaled ice nucleation efficiencies of hematite particles, inferred by ns, were derived from AIDA (Aerosol Interaction and Dynamics in the Atmosphere) cloud chamber measurements under water subsaturated conditions that were realized by continuously changing temperature (T) and relative humidity with respect to ice (RHice) in the chamber. Our measurements showed several different pathways to nucleate ice depending on T and RHice conditions. For instance, almost independent freezing was observed at -60 °C < T < -50 °C, where RHice explicitly controlled ice nucleation efficiency, while both T and RHice played roles in other two T regimes: -78 °C < T < -60 °C and -50 °C < T < -36 °C. More specifically, observations at T colder than -60 °C revealed that higher RHice was necessary to maintain constant ns, whereas T may have played a significant role in ice nucleation at T warmer than -50 °C. We implemented new ns parameterizations into two cloud models to investigate its sensitivity and compare with the existing ice nucleation schemes towards simulating cirrus cloud properties. Our results show that the new AIDA-based parameterizations lead to an order of magnitude higher ice crystal concentrations and inhibition of homogeneous nucleation in colder temperature regions. Our cloud simulation results suggest that atmospheric dust particles that form ice nuclei at lower temperatures, below -36 °C, can potentially have stronger influence on cloud properties such as cloud longevity and initiation when compared to previous parameterizations.

  20. The AquaVIT-1 intercomparison of atmospheric water vapor measurement techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahey, D. W.; Gao, R.-S.; Möhler, O.; Saathoff, H.; Schiller, C.; Ebert, V.; Krämer, M.; Peter, T.; Amarouche, N.; Avallone, L. M.; Bauer, R.; Bozóki, Z.; Christensen, L. E.; Davis, S. M.; Durry, G.; Dyroff, C.; Herman, R. L.; Hunsmann, S.; Khaykin, S. M.; Mackrodt, P.; Meyer, J.; Smith, J. B.; Spelten, N.; Troy, R. F.; Vömel, H.; Wagner, S.; Wienhold, F. G.

    2014-09-01

    The AquaVIT-1 intercomparison of atmospheric water vapor measurement techniques was conducted at the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA (Aerosol Interaction and Dynamics in the Atmosphere) at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany, in October 2007. The overall objective was to intercompare state-of-the-art and prototype atmospheric hygrometers with each other and with independent humidity standards under controlled conditions. This activity was conducted as a blind intercomparison with coordination by selected referees. The effort was motivated by persistent discrepancies found in atmospheric measurements involving multiple instruments operating on research aircraft and balloon platforms, particularly in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, where water vapor reaches its lowest atmospheric values (less than 10 ppm). With the AIDA chamber volume of 84 m3, multiple instruments analyzed air with a common water vapor mixing ratio, by extracting air into instrument flow systems, by locating instruments inside the chamber, or by sampling the chamber volume optically. The intercomparison was successfully conducted over 10 days during which pressure, temperature, and mixing ratio were systematically varied (50 to 500 hPa, 185 to 243 K, and 0.3 to 152 ppm). In the absence of an accepted reference instrument, the absolute accuracy of the instruments was not established. To evaluate the intercomparison, the reference value was taken to be the ensemble mean of a core subset of the measurements. For these core instruments, the agreement between 10 and 150 ppm of water vapor is considered good with variation about the reference value of about ±10% (±1σ). In the region of most interest between 1 and 10 ppm, the core subset agreement is fair with variation about the reference value of ±20% (±1σ). The upper limit of precision was also derived for each instrument from the reported data. The implication for atmospheric measurements is that the

  1. OH-Radical initiated ageing of biogenic secondary organic aerosols - A detailed chemical analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, L.; Reinnig, M.-C.; Mentel, Th. F.; Tillmann, R.; Schlosser, E.; Wahner, A.; Saathoff, H.; Donahue, N. M.; Hoffmann, T.

    2009-04-01

    The chemical ageing[1] of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) was investigated in two series of experiments using on-line mass spectrometry and off-line high performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS). In a set of photochemical experiments, performed in the large outdoor reaction chamber SAPHIR (Jülich, Germany), SOA was generated from a boreal mixture including mono- and sesquiterpenes (α-pinene, β-pinene, Δ3-carene, limonene, caryophyllene). During a long time experiment (30h) the generated SOA was exposed to OH-radicals and the chemical composition was analyzed on-line using atmospheric pressure ionization mass spectrometry (API-MS). The on-line method provides highly time resolved chemical information and therefore a direct insight into the temporal changes of SOA-composition. In parallel, filter samples analysed by HPLC-MS allow the enrichment of trace compounds and finally an unambiguous identification of individual substances. In addition, filter samples allow a direct comparison to samples from field studies. The ageing experiments showed a clear change in SOA composition. The compounds observed can be divided into two groups: A group of first generation SOA-compounds, generated by the OH oxidation of the terpenes and a group of second generation compounds, generated by the reaction of OH with SOA compounds. Among the second generation products, especially a tricarboxylic acid (3-methyl-1,2,3-butanetricarboxylic acid, m/z 203)[2] was observed to be a good marker compound for BSOA ageing. A further set of experiments was carried out in another large aerosol chamber facility, the AIDA chamber of the Research Centre Karlsruhe. In this dark chamber, the experiments focused on the OH-induced ageing of α-pinene SOA and the influence of temperature. The results clearly show that the tricarboxylic acid is a distinctive marker for OH radical induced BSOA ageing and identify cis-pinonic acid as its precursor. To connect the results of the

  2. Volatility of secondary organic aerosol during OH radical induced ageing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Salo

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate oxidation of SOA formed from ozonolysis of α-pinene and limonene by hydroxyl radicals. This paper focuses on changes of particle volatility, using a Volatility Tandem DMA (VTDMA set-up, in order to explain and elucidate the mechanism behind atmospheric ageing of the organic aerosol. The experiments were conducted at the AIDA chamber facility of KIT in Karlsruhe and at the SAPHIR chamber of FZJ in Jülich. A fresh SOA was produced from ozonolysis of α-pinene or limonene and then aged by enhanced OH exposure. As an OH-radical source in the AIDA-chamber the ozonolysis of tetramethylethylene (TME was used while in the SAPHIR-chamber the OH was produced by natural light photochemistry. A general feature is that SOA produced from ozonolysis of α-pinene and limonene initially were rather volatile and becomes less volatile with time in the ozonolysis part of the experiment. Inducing OH chemistry or adding a new portion of precursors made the SOA more volatile due to addition of new semi-volatile material to the aged aerosol. The effect of OH chemistry was less pronounced in high concentration and low temperature experiments when lower relative amounts of semi-volatile material were available in the gas phase. Conclusions drawn from the changes in volatility were confirmed by comparison with the measured and modelled chemical composition of the aerosol phase. Three quantified products from the α-pinene oxidation; pinonic acid, pinic acid and methylbutanetricarboxylic acid (MBTCA were used to probe the processes influencing aerosol volatility. A major conclusion from the work is that the OH induced ageing can be attributed to gas phase oxidation of products produced in the primary SOA formation process and that there was no indication on significant bulk or surface reactions. The presented results, thus, strongly emphasise the importance of gas phase oxidation of semi- or intermediate-volatile organic compounds

  3. Geodynamic stability of the primary in the binary asteroid system 65803 Didymos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnouin, Olivier S.; Maurel, Clara; Richardson, Derek C.; Ballouz, Ronald-Louis; Schwartz, Stephen; Michel, Patrick

    2015-11-01

    The moon of the near-Earth binary asteroid 65803 Didymos is the target of the Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission. This mission is a joint concept between NASA and ESA to investigate the effectiveness of a kinetic impactor in deflecting an asteroid. The mission is composed of two components: the NASA-led Double Asteroid Redirect Test (DART) that will impact the Didymos moon, and the ESA-led Asteroid Impact Monitoring (AIM) mission that will characterize the Didymos system. In order to provide AIDA constraints on the physical character of the both objects in this binary system, we undertook preliminary numerical investigations to evaluate the stability of the shape of the primary using its rapid 2.26 h rotation. We modeled the primary as a rubble pile. Each model consisted of thousands of uniform rigid spheres collapsed together under their own gravity to form a spherical pile that was then carved to match the current radar-derived shape model of the primary, as well as other comparable shapes (e.g. asteroid 1999 KW4, spheres) that were scaled to match best estimates of the size of Didymos. Each model was given a starting rotation period of 6 h with the spin axis aligned to the pole. At each timestep the spin rate was increased by a small amount so that after about 1 million timesteps the spin would match the observed rotation of 2.26 h. We tested a range of bulk densities spanning the current observational uncertainty (mean 2.4 g/cc) using "gravel"-like material parameters that provide significant resistance to sliding and rolling. We find that at the upper range of the density uncertainty it is possible for Didymos to hold its shape and not lose mass at its nominal rotation period, without the need for cohesive forces. At lower densities or with smoother particles, significant shape change occurs and mass loss is possible. We conclude that based on the radar shape available at the time of this writing, Didymos is marginally stable as a rubble

  4. Volatility of secondary organic aerosol during OH radical induced ageing

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    K. Salo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate oxidation of SOA formed from ozonolysis of α-pinene and limonene by hydroxyl radicals. This paper focuses on changes of particle volatility, using a Volatility Tandem DMA (VTDMA set-up, in order to explain and elucidate the mechanism behind atmospheric ageing of the organic aerosol. The experiments were conducted at the AIDA chamber facility of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT in Karlsruhe and at the SAPHIR chamber of Forchungzentrum Jülich (FZJ in Jülich. A fresh SOA was produced from ozonolysis of α-pinene or limonene and then aged by enhanced OH exposure. As an OH radical source in the AIDA-chamber the ozonolysis of tetramethylethylene (TME was used while in the SAPHIR-chamber the OH was produced by natural light photochemistry. A general feature is that SOA produced from ozonolysis of α-pinene and limonene initially was rather volatile and becomes less volatile with time in the ozonolysis part of the experiment. Inducing OH chemistry or adding a new portion of precursors made the SOA more volatile due to addition of new semi-volatile material to the aged aerosol. The effect of OH chemistry was less pronounced in high concentration and low temperature experiments when lower relative amounts of semi-volatile material were available in the gas phase. Conclusions drawn from the changes in volatility were confirmed by comparison with the measured and modelled chemical composition of the aerosol phase. Three quantified products from the α-pinene oxidation; pinonic acid, pinic acid and methylbutanetricarboxylic acid (MBTCA were used to probe the processes influencing aerosol volatility. A major conclusion from the work is that the OH induced ageing can be attributed to gas phase oxidation of products produced in the primary SOA formation process and that there was no indication on significant bulk or surface reactions. The presented results, thus, strongly emphasise

  5. The AquaVIT-1 intercomparison of atmospheric water vapor measurement techniques

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    D. W. Fahey

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The AquaVIT-1 Intercomparison of Atmospheric Water Vapor Measurement Techniques was conducted at the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany, in October 2007. The overall objective was to intercompare state-of-the-art and prototype atmospheric hygrometers with each other and with independent humidity standards under controlled conditions. This activity was conducted as a blind intercomparison with coordination by selected referees. The effort was motivated by persistent discrepancies found in atmospheric measurements involving multiple instruments operating on research aircraft and balloon platforms, particularly in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere where water vapor reaches its lowest atmospheric values (less than 10 ppm. With the AIDA chamber volume of 84 m3, multiple instruments analyzed air with a common water vapor mixing ratio, either by extracting air into instrument flow systems, locating instruments inside the chamber, or sampling the chamber volume optically. The intercomparison was successfully conducted over 10 days during which pressure, temperature, and mixing ratio were systematically varied (50 to 500 hPa, 185 to 243 K, and 0.3 to 152 ppm. In the absence of an accepted reference instrument, the reference value was taken to be the ensemble mean of a core subset of the measurements. For these core instruments, the agreement between 10 and 150 ppm of water vapor is considered good with variation about the reference value of about ±10% (±1σ. In the region of most interest between 1 and 10 ppm, the core subset agreement is fair with variation about the reference value of ±20% (±1σ. The upper limit of precision was also derived for each instrument from the reported data. These results indicate that the core instruments, in general, have intrinsic skill to determine unknown water vapor mixing ratios with an accuracy of at least ±20%. The implication for atmospheric

  6. Integrating laboratory and field data to quantify the immersion freezing ice nucleation activity of mineral dust particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMott, P. J.; Prenni, A. J.; McMeeking, G. R.; Sullivan, R. C.; Petters, M. D.; Tobo, Y.; Niemand, M.; Möhler, O.; Snider, J. R.; Wang, Z.; Kreidenweis, S. M.

    2015-01-01

    Data from both laboratory studies and atmospheric measurements are used to develop an empirical parameterization for the immersion freezing activity of natural mineral dust particles. Measurements made with the Colorado State University (CSU) continuous flow diffusion chamber (CFDC) when processing mineral dust aerosols at a nominal 105% relative humidity with respect to water (RHw) are taken as a measure of the immersion freezing nucleation activity of particles. Ice active frozen fractions vs. temperature for dusts representative of Saharan and Asian desert sources were consistent with similar measurements in atmospheric dust plumes for a limited set of comparisons available. The parameterization developed follows the form of one suggested previously for atmospheric particles of non-specific composition in quantifying ice nucleating particle concentrations as functions of temperature and the total number concentration of particles larger than 0.5 μm diameter. Such an approach does not explicitly account for surface area and time dependencies for ice nucleation, but sufficiently encapsulates the activation properties for potential use in regional and global modeling simulations, and possible application in developing remote sensing retrievals for ice nucleating particles. A calibration factor is introduced to account for the apparent underestimate (by approximately 3, on average) of the immersion freezing fraction of mineral dust particles for CSU CFDC data processed at an RHw of 105% vs. maximum fractions active at higher RHw. Instrumental factors that affect activation behavior vs. RHw in CFDC instruments remain to be fully explored in future studies. Nevertheless, the use of this calibration factor is supported by comparison to ice activation data obtained for the same aerosols from Aerosol Interactions and Dynamics of the Atmosphere (AIDA) expansion chamber cloud parcel experiments. Further comparison of the new parameterization, including calibration

  7. Effects of inhaled anesthetic isoflurane on long-term potentiation of CA3 pyramidal cell afferents in vivo

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    Ballesteros KA

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Kristen A Ballesteros,1 Angela Sikorski,2 James E Orfila,3 Joe L Martinez Jr41Department of Biology, The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA; 2Texas A&M University Texarkana, Texarkana, TX, USA; 3University of Colorado in Denver, Denver, CO, USA; 4University of Illinois in Chicago, Chicago, IL, USAAbstract: Isoflurane is a preferred anesthetic, due to its properties that allow a precise concentration to be delivered continually during in vivo experimentation. The major mechanism of action of isoflurane is modulation of the γ-amino butyric acid (GABAA receptor-chloride channel, mediating inhibitory synaptic transmission. Animal studies have shown that isoflurane does not cause cell death, but it does inhibit cell growth and causes long-term hippocampal learning deficits. As there are no studies characterizing the effects of isoflurane on electrophysiological aspects of long-term potentiation (LTP in the hippocampus, it is important to determine whether isoflurane alters the characteristic responses of hippocampal afferents to cornu ammonis region 3 (CA3. We investigated the effects of isoflurane on adult male rats during in vivo induction of LTP, using the mossy fiber pathway, the lateral perforant pathway, the medial perforant pathway, and the commissural CA3 (cCA3 to CA3, with intracranial administration of Ringer’s solution, naloxone, RS-aminoindan-1, 5-dicarboxylic acid (AIDA, or 3-[(R-2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl]-propo-2-enyl-1-phosphonic acid (CPP. Then, we compared these responses to published electrophysiological data, using sodium pentobarbital as an anesthetic, under similar experimental conditions. Our results showed that LTP was exhibited in animals anesthetized with isoflurane under vehicle conditions. With the exception of AIDA in the lateral perforant pathway, the defining characteristics of the four pathways appeared to remain intact, except for the observation that LTP was markedly reduced in animals

  8. Estudio macro-microscópico de la involución uterina postparto en alpacas - Macro and microscopic of uterine involution postpartum in alpacas

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    MVZ. Augusto Excelmes Loza. Puno-Perú 2005

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio se llevo a cabo en el Laboratorio de Histología y Embriología de la Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia de la Universidad Nacional del Altiplano; con alpacas provenientes de la Rural Alianza E.P.S. (4,140m.s.n.m, Centro Experimental Quinsachata-INIA (4,050 m.s.n.m y el Centro de Investigación y Producción La Raya (4,130 m.s.n.m, cuyo objetivo fue el estudio del proceso de la involución uterina post parto en la alpaca, desde el parto hasta los 30dpp. Para tal propósito se estudiaron 34 alpacas multíparas de 4 a 6 años de edad. Los resultados fueron: Macroscópicamente: la perdida de peso del útero fue de: 71.07% (385,25g, 25.54% (138.55g y 3.42% (18.6g al primer, segundo y tercer periodo de la involución uterina. La reducción de Peso del cuerno uterino derecho fue de: 55.26% (37.55g, 38.63% (26.25g y 6.11% (4.15g al primer segundo y tercer periodo respectivamente. La secuencia de la perdida de peso del cuerno uterino izquierdo fue de: 75.50% (159.5g, 19.58% (41.25g, y 4.92% (10.40g al primer, segundo y tercer periodo sucesivamente. El descenso de Peso del cuerpo del útero fue de: 76.60% (87.25g, 17.08% (19.45g y 6.32% (7.2g al primer, segundo y tercer periodo sucesivamente. El Peso de reducción gradual de la cervix fue de: 68% (47,15g, 26,10% (18,00g y 5,51% (3,8g al primer, segundo y tercer periodo respectivamente. This study was carried out in the Histology and Embriology laboratory at the Medicine Veterinary and Zootecny of the Altiplano National University, with alpacas coming from the EPS Rural Alliance (4140 m.a.s.l., Quimsachata Research Center (4050 m.a.s.l. and the Raya Research Center (4130 m.a.s.l. whose objective was the study the process of the uterine involution after parturition from day 0 to 30. For such purpose 34 multiparous alpacas from 4 to 6 year old were selectec. The results were: Macroscopically the uterusweight lost 71,07% (385,25g, 25,54% (138,55g and 3,42% (18,6g at first

  9. Perancangan Sistem Layanan Informasi Pariwisata Berbasis Mobile Internet Dengan Menerapkan Konsep Mobile Interaction

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    Raymond Octhario

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Mobile interaction is about the stuff of people’s lives, focused on understanding and developing blueprints for systems that permeate the broad spectrum of their  experiences.  People can use system,  They  can take  advantage of the system through mobile devices.  Due to limitations in the display and display media such as mobile phones in presenting and giving  information to the public.    the design of interaction  between  the  system  and  users  will  be  very  important,  It  is  a  thing  to  be  considered  to  create  a  mobile  internet-based information  systems.  Therefore,  the  application  of  mobile  interaction  design,  especially  in  terms  of  mobile  internet-based  system  is needed, so the system can be  used optimally.  Indonesia's tourism  sector  is one  sector of  the  service economy.  It  has  bright prospects  for mobile  interaction.  However  to  enhance  the  role  of  development  in  Indonesia,  is  still  one  of  many  shortcomings  that  limited  mediainformation services.    This study  concerns in  produce  and  information  service  system  especially  in  tourism  of  Palangka Raya  whichapply the concept  of  mobile  interaction  design.  To  apply the concept of  mobile  interaction,  there are  three  main  activities.  There  areunderstanding users, developing prototype designs and evaluation. Percentage points is higher in the evaluation, indicates that the user is able  to use  the system  and  interact  with  the system    and  based on feedback  from users, no complaints  are  ejected  from  the user  in  the system path. This provides an assessment of the success of the system design, system success and user satisfaction convey information to the system. Expected in the long periode, the system can increase tourism sector in the city of Palangka Raya

  10. Utilization of oil palm empty bunches waste as biochar-microbes for improving availibity of soil nutrients

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    G . I . Ichriani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available There are about 23% waste oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB of total waste generated from the production of crude palm oil in oil palm plantations. Pyrolysis technology can be used to convert waste into biochar and further can be utilized for the improvement of soil. Biochar-microbes of OPEFB are biochar from OPEFB biomass that enriched with soil microbes. Biochar-microbes is expected to be used for the improvement of the soil and plants. Therefore the purpose of this research was to study the ability of biochar-microbes OPEFB to increase availability of the nutrients in sandy soils. The process of making biochar done by using slow pyrolysis technology by heating 300oC and 400oC for 2 and 3 hours, and with sizes 40 and 80 mesh, as well as indigenous microbial Bulkhorderia nodosa G.52.Rif1 and Trichoderma sp. added. The biochar production and research were conducted in the Department of Forestry Laboratory and in the Department of Agronomy Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Palangka Raya University. In general, the study showed that biochar-microbes could maintain the soil pH value and tends to increase the soil pH, increasing the holding capacity of sandy soil to the elements of P and K as well as increasing the availability of nutrients N, P and K. Furthermore, this study showed that the biochar process by 400oC heating for 3 hours and 40 mesh with microbes or without microbes were the best effect on the improvement of the quality of holding capacity and the nutrients supply in sandy soils.

  11. The Role of Government in MSMEs:The Empowerment of MSMEs During the Free Trade Era in Indonesia

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    Dhian Kusumawardhani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available As the era of globalisation has progressed, the free-trade paradigm – in which the role of government in every aspect of economic development is minimised, replaced by the power of the free market – has inevitably spread across countries throughout the world. Despite the positive outcomes that can be obtained from the idea of free liberalisation in achieving economic growth and opportunities, this paper will propose that governments must continue to have a strong role in their countries’ economies, particularly in developing countries such as Indonesia. This argument is justified on the basis of the threat that free trade poses to some informal sectors called micro and small and medium enterprises (MSMEs, which have commonly shown low levels of competitiveness in the global market. Thus their very survival heavily depends on government involvement. The Indonesian government has launched many policies to help SMEs become and remain more competitive; for example, the Technology for Regions Program (Iptekda, which combines state support and a market-based approach for MSMEs’ empowerment. This paper conducts a case study of the Iptekda program for the empowerment of MSMEs in Malang Raya. The research will address two issues: why government intervention is still required for MSE capacity-building; and how the program may help MSMEs improve their capacity and competitiveness. To answer these questions, this paper will apply a qualitative approach that uses in-depth interview with the owners of five MSMEs. The results reveal that MSMEs benefit from the program in terms of improved productivity, marketing and insights into MSMEs as an economic sector. The research limitation is that it consists solely of qualitative findings; the findings need to be combined with quantitative data for more-reliable results. Replication of this study using larger samples and a broader geographic base is suggested for promoting programs to empower MSMEs in

  12. PERSPEKTIF PETUGAS KESEHATAN TENTANG KINERJA PUSKESMAS DI SAERAH TERPENCIL

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    Tri Juni Angkasawati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Some factors influence the health status in remote areas are low performances of Health Centers (HCs because of limited resources, lack of qualified health services, dtfficulty in transportation  to access basic and referral health services. This study aimed to determine health workers' perspective on the performances of HCs in remote areas. The study design was explorative. It was conducted in Katingan and Palangka Raya Regencies in Central Kalimantan Province and also Trenggalek and Tulungagung Regencies in East Java Province. The respondents  were 99 HCs' workers. The variables studied were the workers perspectives on the performance of HC and their satisfaction  to the HCs' performance. Results showed that in general the workers were satisfied to the performance of their own HCs, except on Tuberculosis (TB, Behaviors on Clean and Healthy Life and sanitation in public places and food stores and also Antenatal Car programs because their targets decided by the Regencies Health Offices were not achieved. The targets which should be achieved by the HCs seem too high because not in accordance with the real situations and not suitable with the HCs' resources (infrastructures, transportations, and health workers, such as limited abilities of the workers to communicate with TB patients and their families. Besides there were no scheduled inter-programs mini-lokakarya and systematic plan to overcome the low performances on the programs mentioned aboved. Therefore, in determinmg targets, the Regency Health Office should consider the HCs' resources so that the targets in each HC are not the same and the health workers should be trained to enhance their abilities in root course analysis and communication.   Keywords: perspecttve, performance, health centers, remote areas

  13. MEMANFAATKAN TANAMAN UNTUK MENGURANGI POLUSI PARTICULATE MATTER KE DALAM BANGUNAN

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    Christina E. Mediastika

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Inhabitants of a building are difficult to escape particulate matter emission. Within this condition, buildings should have vertical element that could block the dispersion of particulate matter to living spaces. Vegetation, a part of vertical elemen for fencing, is considered to do this task. The use of vegetation is chosen with reference to nature and behaviour of particulate matter. Earlier research found that dispersion of particulate matter is mostly at lower atmospheric layer and that particulate matter could be deposited. Therefore, low growing vegetation or climbing plants with particular leaf condition to encourage deposition is predicted suitable. Four vegetation was examined: Duranta repens, Polyscias fruticosa, Stephanotis floribunda and Scindapsus sp. As a preliminary study, there is no valid conclusion could be made from this experiment. However, there are indications that Duranta repens and Stephanotis floribunda block and deposit slightly more particulate matter than the two others. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Polusi particulate matter atau partikel halus tidak hanya terjadi di jalan raya, tetapi juga masuk ke dalam bangunan yang terletak di sepanjang jalan. Oleh karenanya, bangunan seyogyanya memiliki elemen vertikal yang mampu bertugas menghalangi masuknya polusi partikel halus. Salah satu kemungkinan penggunaan elemen vertikal, yaitu tanaman yang ditempatkan pada posisi pagar diteliti dalam studi ini. Mempelajari bahwa partikel halus dengan ukuran tertentu dapat diendapkan dan penyebarannya umumnya terjadi pada lapisan udara rendah, maka studi terhadap tanaman semak atau perdu atau tanaman rambat dengan jenis permukaan daun tertentu lebih diutamakan. Empat jenis tanaman diuji kemampuannya, yaitu: Duranta repens, Polyscias fruticosa, Stephanotis floribunda and Scindapsus sp. Sebagai studi yang sangat awal, masih belum ada hasil valid yang ditawarkan, namun setidaknya ditemukan indikasi bahwa Duranta repens and Stephanotis

  14. Claves taxonómicas para el reconocimiento dentario en taxa del superorden Rajomorphii de Chile (Chondrichthyes, Batoidea Taxonomic dental keys for the Chilean taxa of the superorder Rajomorphii (Chondrichthyes, Batoidea

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    Sylvia Sáez

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta claves taxonómicas basadas en características morfológicas dentarias externas e internas, que permiten el reconocimiento de cada orden, familia y género de los batoídeos conocidos en Chile. En algunos casos, como en las familias Rhinobatidae, Torpedinidae, Narcinidae, Myliobatidae, Mobulidae, Dasyatidae y Urotrygonidae, las claves permiten el reconocimiento específico pero, en otros casos, sólo se puede discriminar hasta género, dadas las limitaciones impuestas por los conocimientos existentes. Estas claves son una herramienta complementaria a la diagnosis de rayas y están orientadas al reconocimiento de fragmentos dentales, hallazgos paleontológicos de dientes así como para las piezas dentales asociadas con la mandíbula. De esta manera, se entrega un apoyo taxonómico nuevo con características dentales diferentes a las consideradas actualmente para este superorden.A series of keys with external and internal dental morphologic features for the identification of each order, family and genus of rays and skates of the batoids known in Chile, are presented. In the case of families Rhinobatidae, Torpedinidae, Narcinidae, Myliobatidae, Mobulidae, Dasyatidae and Urotrygonidae, an identification at the species level is possible. In other cases, due to limitations imposed by the existing knowledge, only discrimination up to genus is allowed. These keys are a complementary tool for the diagnosis of rays suitable for the identification of dental fragments, paleontological discoveries of teeth as well as for jaw teeth. This tool offers a novel taxonomic support, which includes dental features different from those considered nowadays for this superorder.

  15. Bioinoculants: A sustainable approach to maximize the yield of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata L.) under low input of chemical fertilizers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nosheen, Asia; Bano, Asghari; Ullah, Faizan

    2016-02-01

    This study aimed to find out the effect of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR; Azospirillum brasilense and Azotobacter vinelandii) either alone or in combination with different doses of nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers on growth, seed yield, and oil quality of Brassica carinata (L.) cv. Peela Raya. PGPR were applied as seed inoculation at 10(6) cells/mL(-1) so that the number of bacterial cells per seed was 2.6 × 10(5) cells/seed. The chemical fertilizers, namely, urea and diammonium phosphate (DAP) were applied in different doses (full dose (urea 160 kg ha(-1) + DAP 180 kg ha(-1)), half dose (urea 80 kg ha(-1) + DAP 90 kg ha(-1)), and quarter dose (urea 40 kg ha(-1) + DAP 45 kg ha(-1)). The chemical fertilizers at full and half dose significantly increased the chlorophyll, carotenoids, and protein content of leaves and the seed yield (in kilogram per hectare) but had no effect on the oil content of seed. The erucic acid (C22:1) content present in the seed was increased. Azospirillum performed better than Azotobacter and its effect was at par with full dose of chemical fertilizers (CFF) for pigments and protein content of leaves when inoculated in the presence of half dose of chemical fertilizers (SPH). The seed yield and seed size were greater. Supplementing Azospirillum with SPH assisted Azospirillum to augment the growth and yield, reduced the erucic acid (C22:1) and glucosinolates contents, and increased the unsaturation in seed oil. It is inferred that A. brasilense could be applied as an efficient bioinoculant for enhancing the growth, seed yield, and oil quality of Ethiopian mustard at low fertilizer costs and sustainable ways. PMID:24097367

  16. Chondrichthyans of the San Matías Gulf, Patagonia, Argentina Los condrictios del Golfo San Matías, Patagonia, Argentina

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    María R PERIER

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The San Matías Gulf (SMG; 41°- 42° S; 64°- 65° W is the largest gulf in Northern Patagonia, Argentina. Up to date, the chondrichthyan fauna of this area has not been reported. Therefore, the aim of this work is to provide a list with species presence and biological characteristics of the chondrichthyans recorded in SMG during the last 30 years. A total of 13 sharks distributed in 11 families, 19 skates and rays distributed in six families, and one holocephalan have been so far recorded in SMG. From the zoogeographical point of view, this chondrichthyan fauna is a mixed assemblage of species typically found in the Argentinean and Magellanean Provinces. The holocephalan Callorhinchus callorynchus is the most landed chondricthyan of the local fishery. With it, five sharks and seven skates are also exploited.El Golfo San Matías (SMG; 41°- 42° S - 64°-65° O se encuentra ubicado en el norte de la Patagonia, Argentina. Hasta la fecha no se cuentan con reportes de la fauna de condrictios de esta zona. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo es proporcionar una lista de la presencia y las características biológicas de los condrictios registrados en el SMG durante los últimos 30 años. Un total de 13 tiburones distribuidos en 11 familias, 19 batoideos distribuidos en seis familias y un holocefalo han sido reportados para la zona. Desde el punto de vista zoogeográfico, el SMG presenta un ensamble de especies pertenecientes a las Provincias Magallánica y Argentina. El holocefalo Callorhinchus callorynchus es el condrictio más desembarcado de la pesquería local. Con menor importancia son explotadas comercialmente, cinco especies de tiburones y siete de rayas.

  17. PERUBAHAN POLA PENCAHARIAN NAFKAH DALAM KAITANNYA DENGAN PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT PEDALAMAN TERHADAP PENDIDIKAN

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    Suwarno Suwarno

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Changes in subsistence patterns in relation to the perception of rural communities towards education. This study aims to describe the pattern of subsistence in rural communities before and after roads and bridges built, and a shift in the perception of rural communities towards education before and after the construction of infrastructure. The phenomenological perspective qualitative research was conducted on Bakumpai people in Tumbang Samba Central Kalimantan. Data collection techniques include in-depth interviews and participatory observation. The study found that after roads and bridges were built, the people did not anymore work in illegal logging, illegal gold mining, in Prau Kelotok, but they changed working in the field of travelling, transportation of goods, trade, agriculture and horticulture, freshwater (rivers fisheries, and other services; there was a growing awareness in public perception that children need to be more intelligent and being educated in higher school level to seek knowledge in the hope of being useful person to the society, the nation, and the country.   Keywords: Subsistence Patterns, Education, Rural Community   Abstrak: Perubahan pola pencaharian nafkah dalam kaitannya dengan persepsi masyarakat pedalaman terhadap pendidikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan pola pencaharian nafkah masyarakat pedalaman sebelum dan sesudah dibangun jalan raya dan jembatan, dan pergeseran persepsi masyarakat pedalaman terhadap pendidikan sebelum dan setelah adanya pembangunan infrastruktur. Penelitian kualitatif perspektif fenomenologi ini dilakukan pada kelompok masyarakat Bakumpai di Tumbang Samba Kalimantan Tengah. Teknik pengambilan data meliputi pengamatan partisipasi dan wawancara mendalam. Penelitian menemukan bahwa setelah infrastruktur jalan dan jembatan dibangun, masyarakat tidak lagi sebagai penebang kayu illegal, bekerja di penambangan emas illegal, bekerja di prau kelotok, tetapi mereka beralih

  18. Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis Leaves: Analysis Of Proximate, Antioxidant Activities And Inorganic Compound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A variety of herbal plants species has been used in traditional medicine. Most of these plants contained several potent bio-active ingredients and nutrients that could give potential positive effects to the health such as antioxidant and antipyretic. Hibiscus rosa sinensis, commonly known as Bunga raya, have similar concoction characteristic to tea which contain antioxidants that help to control cholesterol. In addition, mucilage that was found in the leaves could helps to reduce extreme body heat during fever (which potentially acts as an antipyretic). Therefore, this preliminary study on the fresh and dried H. rosa sinensis leaves was carried out to analyze and identify the nutrients content, anti-oxidants and inorganic material. Total phenolic content (TPC) method was used for both fresh and dried leaves prior to the antioxidant activities of DPPH free radicals scavenging and ferric ion reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) as to confirm the existence of antioxidant constituents. Meanwhile, the composition of heavy metals was studied using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The proximate analysis of the fresh leaves showed the presence of moisture content (9.03 %), protein (10.44 %), fat (6.43 %), crude fiber (11.55 %), ash (11.22 %) and carbohydrate (51.33 %). Meanwhile, the inorganic contents are as follows: cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn). Furthermore, the antioxidant activities of FRAP and DPPH showed that dried leaves of H. rosa sinensis was higher than the fresh leaves (p < 0.05) irrespective of any solvent used. The positive correlation between TPC and two other antioxidant activities of DPPH and FRAP (p < 0.05) indicates the presence of antioxidant components in the acetone and water extracts. Therefore, the high availability of essential nutritional component, anti-oxidants and low concentration of hazardous inorganic matter in H. rosa sinensis leaves enable it to be used as one

  19. Spiritualitas Islam dalam Trilogi Kosmos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munawir Haris

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Human beings are mysterious. Although various studies about humans have been conducted, they fail to totally comprehend them. Therefore, studies about humans are always interesting topics, especially if they attempt to reveal non-physical aspects of humans.  One way to look at this neglected aspect is to study spiritual dimensions of humans. Base on their explorations to the Qur’an and hadith, Muslim scholars propose a theory of three cosmos: macrocosmos, microcosmos and metacosmos. Macrocosmos represents the Universe. Microcosmos is human beings and metacosmos is concerned with Allah. These are three cosmologies that Muslims have to find from the scriptural texts so they can understand the central role of human beings in preserving balanced relationships among these three worlds. The Qur’an, for example, gives allegories and signs that Muslims must explore their deep meanings to gain wisdom and get closer to the Creator.Abstrak: Ada banyak dimensi misteri dalam diri manusia. Meski banyak kajian atas manusia oleh para sarjana dan filsuf, namun studi-studi mereka gagal memahami keseluruhan dimensi tersebut. Oleh karena itu, studi tentang manusia selalu menarik, terutama jika dikaitkan dengan sisi non-fisiknya. Salah satu caranya adalah dengan melakukan kajian spiritualitas manusia. Dengan mendasarkan pada al-Qur’an dan hadis, para sarjana kosmolog Muslim menawarkan konsep tiga dunia; makrokomos, mikrokosmos dan metakosmos. Makrokosmos adalah dunia atau alam raya. Mikrokosmos adalah manusia sedangkan metakosmos berkaitan dengan Allah. Orang-orang Islam kemudian mengeksplorasi rahasia-rahasia di balik al-Qur’an dan hadis untuk mendapatkan makna mengenai peran utama mereka dalam dunia kosmos tersebut dan dalam rangka mengetahui tugas mereka menjaga hubungan antarkosmos. Usaha ini diyakani mampu mengantarkan manusia menjadi bijak dan akan dekat kepada Allah.

  20. ANALISIS PENILAIAN PRESTASI KERJA PEGAWAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puspita Rokhmawati

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan analisis ini untuk mengetahui sistem, evaluasi dan perubahan penilaian prestasi kerja pegawai UPT Balai Konservasi Tumbuhan Kebun Raya Cibodas -LIPI. Pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian ini dilakukan secara acak dengan metode yang digunakan terdiri dari beberapa bagian, yaitu studi pustaka, studi lapangan dan metode analisis. Metode yang digunakan adalah Metode Analisis SWOT. Hasil analisis menunjukkan banyak kelemahan yang muncul daripada kekuatan yang dimiliki. Peluang dan ancaman yang ada pun tidak memotivasi dalam mengimplementasi ke sistem penilaian prestasi kerja. Oleh karena itu perlu upaya mengevaluasi dan mengubah sistem penilaian prestasi kerja pegawai. Pemberian umpan balik akan mendorong kearah kemajuan dan kemungkinan meningkatkan kualitas kerja pegawai. Maka penilaian harus dibuat seobjektif dan seteliti mungkin berdasarkan data yang tersedia.The purpose of this study is  to determine the system, the  evaluation and the assessment of employees’ job performance in UPT Botanical Gardens Plant Conservation Center Cibodas - LIPI. UPT Botanical Gardens Plant Conservation Center Cibodas - LIPI has not carry out  an optimal job performance assessment. There are indications that the condition relate to the presence of subjectivity in the assessment so depth analysis is needed to find out the solution. Sampling technique uses random sampling. SWOT analysis is used to analyze the data along with study of literature and field study. The result shows that more weaknesses reveale in job performance assessment system than strengths.Opportunities and treats are ignored in implementing the job performance assessment system. Evaluation and modification are needed to improve employees’ job quality.

  1. Biomass Residue from Palm Oil Mills in Aceh Province: A Potential Usage for Sustainable Energy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Faisal M. Faisal

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Palm oil is one of the major agro industries in Aceh province. There are 25 crude palm oil (CPO Mills in Aceh located in 8 districts with 551.12 tons/hour total capacity. The mills are concentrated in five districts along the western and eastern coasts, Aceh Utara, Aceh Timur, Aceh Tamiang, Nagan Raya, and Aceh Singkil (including the newly-established municipality of Subullusalam. As the climatic conditions in the Aceh are suitable for palm trees, the oil palm plantation area has expanded every year. The processing of FFB (Fresh fruit bunches in palm oil mill produced a biomass residue that mainly consist of EFB (Empty fruit bunches, fiber, shells, and POME (Palm oil mill effluent. This study investigates the potential usage of biomass residue from palm oil mills in Aceh province. Results of the study indicated that the fiber and shells are mainly used as fuel for the mill boilers to generate heat and electricity for the whole plant. The EFB is disposed and spread on the plantation, incinerated or dumped in unmanaged sites. The POME is treated in the anaerobic and aerobic ponds, then normally being discharged into waterways or rivers. In some mills, the treated POME was spread to the plantation for fertilizer. Based on investigation on site, it shows that the load factor of the mill is only about 70% of capacity, thus the mills are inefficient since a lot of energy is lost. The use of EFB is very potential to be implemented in Aceh since this province produce of 724,185 ton EFB per year. With the total capacity of 551.12 tons/hour, palm oil mills in Aceh produce about 426.12 tons/hr of POME that also can be converted into energy. If 3.37 million ton FFB are treated in Aceh CPO mills, biogas energy of about 1.51 millions GJ will be produced.

  2. Analysis on the Long Term Effect of Trial Test Road Constructed on Batu Pahat Soft Clay (BPSC) at Recess UTHM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idrus, M. M. M.; Edayu, A. E.; Adnan, Z.; Ismail, B.

    2016-07-01

    The reinforcement used in soil for construction of roads on the soft clay is very important as it will determine the level of service of the road after it was built. Damage or defects on the road surface to be an indicator of the level of the road has dropped and shows the deformation of the road. For this research, an analysis has carried out on the long-term effect of trial test road constructed on Batu Pahat Soft Clay (BPSC) at RECESS UTHM. Through this research, the reinforcement using Rawell Geosynthetic Clay Liner (RGCL) was the best with the stability is 14964 N, a low flow is 2.69mm, stiffness modulus is 1766 MPa, the peak load is 739.4 N and a lower horizontal deformation which is 1.71 µm compared Woven Geotextile section and section without geotextile [1] [9]. In terms of deformation can be seen clearly from physical observations that section without geotextile suffered significant damage than others. Settlement of road can also be analyzed by a longitudinal section that plotted based on the result of leveling work. After that, settlements are more visible way on the right side of the road trial. Through lab tests conducted, it indicate that the coring samples obtained from sites of each section meets the specifications set by the Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR) in terms of stability, flow and stiffness [1]. Through this study, a trial road built on soft soil can be used as a test site because of the uniqueness of these roads which has three different types of reinforcements.

  3. Significant Causes and Effects of Variation Orders in Construction Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aftab Hameed Memon

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Variation Order (VO is a common phenomenon in construction projects. It involves an amendment of the original scope of work as in the contract. VO is caused from various factors. Variations often cause disputes and dissatisfactions among the parties involved in construction projects. Thus, it is very important to control VOs in a construction project. For this, the first step is to uncover and understand the causes and effects of VO. Hence, the aim of this study is to determine the significant causes and effects of VO in construction projects. Data collection involved the survey with a structured questionnaire consisting of 18 causes and 9 effects of variation orders identified through comprehensive literature review. Survey was carried out among client representatives, consultants and contractors involved in handling projects of Malaysian Public Works Department (PWD known as Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia (JKR. A total of 101 completed questionnaire sets were collected against 200 questionnaires distributed among the practitioners. Collected questionnaires were analyzed with statistical software package SPSS and Average Index formula. The results of the study showed that in Malaysia’s JKR projects often variation orders are occurred; these VO’s are majorly caused because of unavailability of equipment, poor workmanship and design complexity. While most significant effects of VO on the projects are increased project cost, delay in completion and logistic delays. Early participation of professionals may be beneficial in reducing the occurrence of variations. Also, improved design and avoiding frequent design changes will be very effective in controlling the problem of variations.

  4. Real time monitor on the internet for the super conducting magnet BENKEI' and the liquid hydrogen target (in Japanese)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The low temperature devices, like super conducting magnets or liquid hydrogen targets, are very important apparatus for high energy physics. The E-248(AIDA) 'Search for H-particle in reaction of pp → K+K+X' experiment at KEK-12GeV V-PS(proton synchrotron) used the super conducting spectrometer magnet 'BENKEI' and the liquid hydrogen target. These two low temperature devices were controlled and monitored by the personal computers (PCs). The operation data, temperature and pressure and liquid levels etc., were monitored on the Internet every 10 sec. The captured graphic data of the PC displays were condensed and monitored on the Internet every 5 mim. The monitoring of the experimental apparatus by the Windows-PC becomes very common. We developed the new method to monitor the numerical data and the graphic data of Windows-PC displays on the Internet. These data could be monitored by HTTP(Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) and FTP(File Transfer Protocol) on the WWW(World Wide Web) from remote terminals and also home PCs. (author)

  5. Abstract interfaces for data analysis - component architecture for data analysis tools

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The fast turnover of software technologies, in particular in the domain of interactivity (covering user interface and visualisation), makes it difficult for a small group of people to produce complete and polished software-tools before the underlying technologies make them obsolete. At the HepVis'99 workshop, a working group has been formed to improve the production of software tools for data analysis in HENP. Beside promoting a distributed development organisation, one goal of the group is to systematically design a set of abstract interfaces based on using modern OO analysis and OO design techniques. An initial domain analysis has come up with several categories (components) found in typical data analysis tools: Histograms, Ntuples, Functions, Vectors, Fitter, Plotter, analyzer and Controller. Special emphasis was put on reducing the couplings between the categories to a minimum, thus optimising re-use and maintainability of any component individually. The interfaces have been defined in Java and C++ and implementations exist in the form of libraries and tools using C++ (Anaphe/Lizard, OpenScientist) and Java (Java Analysis Studio). A special implementation aims at accessing the Java libraries (through their Abstract Interfaces) from C++. The authors give an overview of the architecture and design of the various components for data analysis as discussed in AIDA

  6. Ice nucleating particles measured during the laboratory and field intercomparisons FIN-2 and FIN-3 by the diffusion chamber FRIDGE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Daniel; Schrod, Jann; Curtius, Joachim; Haunold, Werner; Thomson, Erik; Bingemer, Heinz

    2016-04-01

    The measurement of atmospheric ice nucleating particles (INP) is still challenging. In the absence of easily applicable INP standards the intercomparison of different methods during collaborative laboratory and field workshops is a valuable tool that can shine light on the performance of individual methods for the measurement of INP [1]. FIN-2 was conducted in March 2015 at the AIDA facility in Karlsruhe as an intercomparison of mobile instruments for measuring INP [2]. FIN-3 was a field campaign at the Desert Research Institutes Storm Peak Laboratory in Colorado in September 2015 [3]. The FRankfurt Ice nucleation Deposition freezinG Experiment (FRIDGE) participated in both experiments. FRIDGE measures ice nucleating particles by electrostatic precipitation of aerosol particles onto Si-wafers in a collection unit, followed by activation, growth, and optical detection of ice crystals on the substrate in an isostatic diffusion chamber [4,5]. We will present and discuss results of our measurements of deposition/condensation INP and of immersion INP with FRIDGE during FIN-2 and FIN-3. Acknowledgements: The valuable contributions of the FIN organizers and their institutions, and of the FIN Workshop Science team are gratefully acknowledged. Our work was supported by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) under the Research Unit FOR 1525 (INUIT) and the EU FP7-ENV- 2013 BACCHUS project under Grant Agreement 603445.

  7. Colosalidad, ópera y espíritu del lugar: una impresión antropológica de la arena de Verona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio González Alcantud

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Que los genii loci, o espíritus del lugar, no son sólo azarosas conjunciones de lugares arquitectónicos o paisajísticos con (figura 1, un destino prefijado nos lo puede mostrar la historia cultural de la Arena de Verona, antiguo anfiteatro romano, construido en el siglo I, cuya fábrica se conserva en extraordinarias condiciones en el día de hoy. La Rena es conocida mundialmente por ser el anfiteatro más grande después del Coliseo romano, y por su estado de conservación que ha permitido su uso continuado como albergue de espectáculos. Lo ha sido más aún desde 1913, en que se celebró una espectacular Aida con motivo del centenario del nacimiento de Verdi, manteniendo continuadamente una temporada veraniega de ópera, con un fuerte marchamo verdiano, que atrae a aficionados y turistas de toda procedencia. Esta imagen ha prosperado y ha producido la conjunción entre la colosalidad del anfiteatro y la grandiosidad de las óperas de Verdi, con el público de masas, dando lugar a un espectáculo cuanto menos singular.

  8. Conceptual design of the BRIKEN detector: A hybrid neutron-gamma detection system for nuclear physics at the RIB facility of RIKEN

    CERN Document Server

    Tarifeño-Saldivia, A; Domingo-Pardo, C; Calviño, F; Cortes, G; Phong, V H; Riego, A

    2016-01-01

    BRIKEN is a complex detection system to be installed at the RIB-facility of the RIKEN Nishina Center. It is aimed at the detection of heavy-ion implants, $\\beta$-particles, $\\gamma$-rays and $\\beta$-delayed neutrons. The whole detection setup involves the Advanced Implantation Detection Array (AIDA), two HPGe Clover detectors and a large set of 166 counters of 3He embedded in a high-density polyethylene matrix. This article reports on a novel methodology developed for the conceptual design and optimisation of the 3He-tubes array, aiming at the best possible performance in terms of neutron detection. The algorithm is based on a geometric representation of two selected parameters of merit, namely, average neutron detection efficiency and efficiency flatness, as a function of a reduced number of geometric variables. The response of the detection system itself, for each configuration, is obtained from a systematic MC-simulation implemented realistically in Geant4. This approach has been found to be particularly u...

  9. Homogeneous nucleation rates of nitric acid dihydrate (NAD at simulated stratospheric conditions – Part II: Modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Möhler

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Activation energies ΔGact for the nucleation of nitric acid dihydrate (NAD in supercooled binary HNO3/H2O solution droplets were calculated from volume-based nucleation rate measurements using the AIDA (Aerosol, Interactions, and Dynamics in the Atmosphere aerosol chamber of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. The experimental conditions covered temperatures T between 192 and 197 K, NAD saturation ratios SNAD between 7 and 10, and nitric acid molar fractions of the nucleating sub-micron sized droplets between 0.26 and 0.28. Based on classical nucleation theory, a new parameterisation for ΔGact=A×(T ln SNAD−2+B is fitted to the experimental data with A=2.5×106 kcal K2 mol−1 and B=11.2−0.1(T−192 kcal mol−1. A and B were chosen to also achieve good agreement with literature data of ΔGact. The parameter A implies, for the temperature and composition range of our analysis, a mean interface tension σsl=51 cal mol−1 cm−2 between the growing NAD germ and the supercooled solution. A slight temperature dependence of the diffusion activation energy is represented by the parameter B. Investigations with a detailed microphysical process model showed that literature formulations of volume-based (Salcedo et al., 2001 and surface-based (Tabazadeh et al., 2002 nucleation rates significantly overestimate NAD formation rates when applied to the conditions of our experiments.

  10. A LaBr3: Ce fast-timing array for DESPEC at FAIR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The design of a fast-timing γ-ray detection array aimed at measuring sub-nanosecond half-lives using LaBr3:Ce scintillation crystals is presented. This array will complement novel and existing charged particle and neutron detector arrays at the low-energy branch of a fragment separator (Super-FRS) to be built within the NuSTAR collaboration as part of the future Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research (FAIR). The array will be used in conjunction with the Advanced Implantation Detector Array (AIDA), to measure implant-decay correlations. Monte-Carlo simulations have been performed to determine the design of the proposed fast-timing array around a localised implantation point. In particular, simulations were used to determine the full-energy peak efficiencies for single cylindrical, conical and ‘hybrid’ detector geometries, as well as complete array configurations of ‘hybrid’ and ∅1.5 in.×2 in. cylindrical crystals. Timing precision calculations were then used to determine the timing response for each configuration based on its simulated efficiency. An informed decision based on the simulated efficiencies and timing precision calculations allowed the optimum configuration for the array to be determined

  11. Half-yearly report on the 1-10-1967

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document gathers several reports of studies. The first part contains studies related to heat exchange problems: non destructive testing in the fabrication of nuclear exchangers; welding of heat exchangers; leakage detection during operation on the tubes of a heat exchanger of a boiling heavy water reactor; realisation of reliability device of thermocouples; tests of thermal insulators; study of decompression strength of irradiated insulating materials by dust rate measurement). The second part contains studies related to various technologies: study of the behaviour of different brazed joints in Be-Be(Zr-1,6Cu), (Zr-1,6Cu) and Be(Zr-1,6Cu); study of brazing of alumina-metal and alumina-alumina assemblies; fixation by brazing of wires on the inner faces of an hexagonal tube (brazing of a turbulence wire on Rapsodie needle sheath), welding tests on AG3; non-destructive testing of Zy-stainless steel diffused junctions; fabrication of pressure tubes for Aida loop; realisation of fatigue cracks by ultrasounds; application of electrolytic coatings to fretting of stainless steels, first results; silastene irradiation

  12. A Java Program for the Viewing of Ambient Data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The BaBar detector system has a large number of sensors and data feeds, called ambient feeds. These feeds are vital to the operation and monitoring of the Pep rings and the BaBar system. In order to more easily monitor these systems a simple web interface to display graphical representations of the data is needed. Towards this end it was decided that using a Java Web Servlet (Sun Microsystems) would be an effective and simple way to achieve this effect. By combining Web Servlets with the Corba Technology (OMG) this provides a way for many people to access data from anywhere in the world. Using this type of program in conjunction with the HEP AIDA systems for graphing makes a powerful tool for the monitoring of the BaBar system. An overview of the BaBar system, and how the Ambient data is given. The uses and limitations of this method for viewing the data as well as examples of other ways to access the data and potential other uses for the servlet are also discussed

  13. ESA Science Archives and associated VO activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arviset, Christophe; Baines, Deborah; Barbarisi, Isa; Castellanos, Javier; Cheek, Neil; Costa, Hugo; Fajersztejn, Nicolas; Gonzalez, Juan; Fernandez, Monica; Laruelo, Andrea; Leon, Ignacio; Ortiz, Inaki; Osuna, Pedro; Salgado, Jesus; Tapiador, Daniel

    ESA's European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), near Madrid, Spain, hosts most of ESA space based missions' scientific archives, in planetary (Mars Express, Venus Express, Rosetta, Huygens, Giotto, Smart-1, all in ESA Planetary Science Archive), in astronomy (XMM-Newton, Herschel, ISO, Integral, Exosat, Planck) and in solar physics (Soho). All these science archives are operated by a dedicated Science Archives and Virtual Observatory Team (SAT) at ESAC, enabling common and efficient design, development, operations and maintenance of the archives software systems. This also ensures long term preservation and availability of such science archives, as a sustainable service to the science community. ESA space science data can be accessed through powerful and user friendly user interface, as well as from machine scriptable interface and through VO interfaces. Virtual Observatory activities are also fully part of ESA archiving strategy and ESA is a very ac-tive partner in VO initiatives in Europe through Euro-VO AIDA and EuroPlanet and worldwide through the IVOA (International Virtual Observatory Alliance) and the IPDA (International Planetary Data Alliance).

  14. Abstract Interfaces for Data Analysis —Component Architecture for Data Analysis Tools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    G.Barrand; P.Binko; 等

    2001-01-01

    The fast turnover of software technologies,in particular in the domain of in teractivity(covering user interface and visualisation)makes it difficult for a small group of people to produce complete and polished software-tools before the underlying technologies make them obsolete.At the HepVis '99 workshop,a working group has been formed to improve the rpoduction of software tools for data analysis in HENP.Beside promoting a distributed development organisation,one goal of the group is to systematically design a set of abstract interfaces based on using modern OO analysis and OO design techniques.An initial domain analysis has come up with several categories(componets)found in typical data analysis tools:historams,Ntuples,Functions,Vectors,Fitter,Plotter,Analyzer and Controller,Special Emphasis was put on reducing the couplings between the categories to a minimum,thus optimising re-use and maintainability of any component individually.The interfaces have been defined in Java and C++ and implementations exist in the form of libraries and tools using C++(Anaphe/Lizard,Openscientist)and Java(Java Analysis Studio),A special implementation aims at accessing the Java Liraries(through their Abstract Interfaces)from C++.This paper giver an overview of the architecture and design of the various components for data analysis as discussed in AIDA.

  15. Bilateral MOX projects for W-grade Pu disposition: Safety implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beginning from 1992 a number of studies were performed in Russia in the field of peaceful utilization of the excess Weapon-derived Plutonium (W-Pu). Very important results were obtained from Russian-German, Russian-French, Russian-Canadian Feasibility Studies and from the US-Russian Projects. These Studies have demonstrated technical feasibility of W-Pu conversion into MOX-fuel and its utilization in certain power reactors. Technical feasibility implies safety assurance for all stages of W-Pu management. All safety-related aspects (e.g. reactor safety, nuclear criticality, fire and explosion safety, protective barriers reliability, etc.) have to be taken into account for implementation of W-Pu utilization through MOX-route. Safety has to be guarantied for such W-Pu-related activities as: Plutonium interim storage; Plutonium conversion from metal to oxide; MOX fuel fabrication and transportation; MOX irradiation in power reactor; MOX spent fuel management; Pu-bearing waste minimization and waste management; Radiological protection of the personnel and environment. Paper addresses to safety-related issues of W-Pu conversion into oxide form and MOX- fuel fabrication. Some results of Russian-German and Russian-French (AIDA-MOX 1) Studies are discussed. (author)

  16. Pärnus valitsesid torm ja uus graafika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Graafikafestival IN Graafika Pärnus. 8. I tegi Erik Alalooga teerullitrüki Rüütli tänaval, avati Muuseumi Aidas Ville-Karel Viirelaiu kuraatorinäitus "Meie, kes me oleme saiad" ja teemanäitus "Man + Machine", Pärnu Kontserdimajas Narva graafika, Endla teatris Leonhard Lapini ja maavalitsuses Peeter Alliku linoollõigete näitus, TÜ kolledzhis Raul Meele "Kirjad lindudelt" ja Andrus Joonase graafiliste maalide näitus, mudaravilas soome graafika, Eesti Litograafiakeskuses Kopli Kunstigümnaasiumi ja J. Köleri nim. Positivistliku Kunsttööstuskooli noorte näitus, Punases tornis läti graafika, Jazz Cafe's mulluse laureaadi Aivar Kurvitsa näitus. Töötasid litograafia- ja elektroonilise muusika (Alex Weber) workshopid. Kolm võrdset preemiat: Ville-Karel Viirelaid (näituse kureerimine), Fashist Lendas Üle (avaperformance), Tanel Saar (graafikatehnika). Grand Prix - Narva kunstnikud (näitus "Narva liinil"). Pärnu Linnagaleriis näitus "In graafika top 10", 19.-20. I Toomas Kuusingu juhendatav linoollõigete workshop

  17. The Timepix Telescope for High Performance Particle Tracking

    CERN Document Server

    Akiba, Kazuyoshi; van Beuzekom, Martin; van Beveren, Vincent; Borghi, Silvia; Boterenbrood, Henk; Buytaert, Jan; Collins, Paula; Dosil Suárez, Alvaro; Dumps, Raphael; Eklund, Lars; Esperante, Daniel; Gallas, Abraham; Gordon, Hamish; van der Heijden, Bas; Hombach, Christoph; Hynds, Daniel; John, Malcolm; Leflat, Alexander; Li, Yi Ming; Longstaff, Ian; Morton, Alexander; Nakatsuka, Noritsugu; Nomerotski, Andre; Parkes, Chris; Perez Trigo, Eliseo; Plackett, Richard; Reid, Matthew M; Rodriguez Perez, Pablo; Schindler, Heinrich; Szumlak, Tomasz; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Vázquez Sierra, Carlos; Velthuis, Jaap; Wysokinski, Michal

    2013-01-01

    The Timepix particle tracking telescope has been developed as part of the LHCb VELO Upgrade project, supported by the Medipix Collaboration and the AIDA framework. It is a primary piece of infrastructure for the VELO Upgrade project and is being used for the development of new sensors and front end technologies for several upcoming LHC trackers and vertexing systems. The telescope is designed around the dual capability of the Timepix ASICs to provide information about either the deposited charge or the timing information from tracks traversing the 14 x 14mm matrix of 55 x 55 um pixels. The rate of reconstructed tracks available is optimised by taking advantage of the shutter driven readout architecture of the Timepix chip, operated with existing readout systems. Results of tests conducted in the SPS North Area beam facility at CERN show that the telescope typically provides reconstructed track rates during the beam spills of between 3.5 and 7.5 kHz, depending on beam conditions. The tracks are time stamped wi...

  18. Application of a computer database and progesterone radioimmunoassay for the assessment of factors affecting conception rate in crossbred cows following artificial insemination under field conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study was conducted to identify various factors affecting the success of artificial insemination (AI) and to improve reproductive efficiency through better management, AI services and application of progesterone radioimmunoassay (RIA). Data pertaining to 568 inseminations in cattle were collected according to the protocol of the Artificial Insemination Database Application (AIDA). Of these, 149 cows were subjected to clinico-gynaecological examination and milk samples were collected for progesterone assay to determine possible causes of infertility and the success of various interventions. Highest conception rates were obtained when the cows were inseminated during standing oestrus (51.6%), 18-23 h after the onset of oestrus (48.8%), by inseminators with a professional degree (48.7%) and using the best quality semen (51%). The main causes of repeat breeding identified during clinical and laboratory studies were: (a) inappropriate timing of AI in 48% of cows (milk progesterone concentration >1.0 nmol/L at AI); (b) subnormal luteal phase in 15% (plasma progesterone concentration 36 h) in 15%; and (d) sub-clinical microbial endometritis in 18%. Use of poor quality semen also contributed to repeat breeding. (author)

  19. Quantification of organic content and coating on laboratory generated dust particles and their effect on ice nucleation processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohr, Claudia; Saathoff, Harald; Möhler, Ottmar; Hiranuma, Naruki

    2015-04-01

    The ice nucleation efficiencies of various dust, mineral, and soot particles as a function of mineral composition, ambient temperature, freezing mode, and organic and sulfuric acid coating were investigated within the first part of the Fifth International Ice Nucleation Workshop (FIN-1) at the Aerosol Interaction and Dynamics in the Atmosphere (AIDA) chamber at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. A high-resolution time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometer was used to quantify non-refractory components of particles with a vacuum aerodynamic diameter of up to 3 microns using a high-pressure aerodynamic lens. Measurements revealed that laboratory generated dust and mineral particles already contain an atmospherically relevant fraction of organic matter. For particles in the ~1 micron size range, the mass of this inherent organic fraction can correspond to that of several monolayers of organic molecules generated by ozonolysis of α-pinene. High-resolution analysis of organic mass spectra indicates differences in the composition of the inherent organic content and the organic coating added. Furthermore, changes in single particle morphology were observed with the onset of coating. We will present quantitative data of the inherent organic fraction for the different dust, mineral, and soot particles. We will discuss the importance of organic content and the effect of the additional organic coating as well as sulfuric acid coating for ice nucleation at various temperatures and freezing modes, and its implications for the real atmosphere.

  20. A quantitative test of infrared optical constants for supercooled sulphuric and nitric acid droplet aerosols

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Wagner

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available In situ Fourier transform infrared (FTIR extinction spectra of supercooled H2SO4/H2O and HNO3/H2O solution droplets were recorded in the large coolable aerosol chamber AIDA (Aerosol Interactions and Dynamics in the Atmosphere of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe for a range of aerosol compositions and at temperatures extending down to 192 K. The measured spectra were quantitatively analysed in terms of aerosol composition and mass concentration by using Mie theory in combination with published refractive index data as input parameters. Simultaneously, total sulphuric acid and nitric acid mass concentrations from filter analysis and total water concentrations measured with the Lyman-a hygrometer of Forschungszentrum Jülich were used to calculate the aerosol composition at thermodynamic equilibrium inside the aerosol chamber. By comparing these measured aerosol parameters with those retrieved from the analysis of the FTIR spectra, the accuracy of the literature data sets of refractive indices could be assessed. In summary, four data sets were tested in the H2SO4/H2O system as well as two data sets in the HNO3/H2O system, partly revealing significant discrepancies in the retrieved aerosol properties. Potential explanations for these differences are discussed in this paper.

  1. Integration of g4tools in Geant4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    g4tools, that is originally part of the inlib and exlib packages, provides a very light and easy to install set of C++ classes that can be used to perform analysis in a Geant4 batch program. It allows to create and manipulate histograms and ntuples, and write them in supported file formats (ROOT, AIDA XML, CSV and HBOOK). It is integrated in Geant4 through analysis manager classes, thus providing a uniform interface to the g4tools objects and also hiding the differences between the classes for different supported output formats. Moreover, additional features, such as for example histogram activation or support for Geant4 units, are implemented in the analysis classes following users requests. A set of Geant4 user interface commands allows the user to create histograms and set their properties interactively or in Geant4 macros. g4tools was first introduced in the Geant4 9.5 release where its use was demonstrated in one basic example, and it is already used in a majority of the Geant4 examples within the Geant4 9.6 release. In this paper, we will give an overview and the present status of the integration of g4tools in Geant4 and report on upcoming new features.

  2. Anaphe - OO libraries and tools for data analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Anaphe project is an ongoing effort to provide an Object Oriented software environment for data analysis in HENP experiments. A range of commercial and public domain libraries is used to cover basic functionalities; on top of these libraries a set of HENP-specific C++ class libraries for histogram management, fitting, plotting and ntuple-like data analysis has been developed. In order to comply with the user requirements for a command-line driven tool, the authors have chosen to use a scripting language (Python) as the front-end for a data analysis tool. The loose coupling provided by the consequent use of (AIDA compliant) Abstract Interfaces for each component in combination with the use of shared libraries for their implementation provides an easy integration of existing libraries into modern scripting languages thus allowing for rapid application development. This integration is simplified even further using a specialised toolkit (SWIG) to create 'shadow classes' for the Python language, which map the definitions of the Abstract Interfaces almost at a one-to-one level. The authors will give an overview of the architecture and design choices and will present the current status and future developments of the project

  3. First accelerator-based physics of 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    Experiments in the East Area received their first beams from the PS this week. Theirs is CERN's first accelerator-based physics since LS1 began last year.   For the East Area, the PS performs a so-called slow extraction, where beam is extracted during many revolution periods (the time it take for particles to go around the PS, ~2.1 μs). The yellow line shows the circulating beam current in the PS, decreasing slowly during the slow extraction, which lasts 350 ms. The green line is the measured proton intensity in the transfer line toward the East Area target. Although LHC physics is still far away, we can now confirm that the injectors are producing physics! In the East Area - the experimental area behind the PS - the T9 and T10 beam lines are providing beams for physics. These beam lines serve experiments such as AIDA - which looks at new detector solutions for future accelerators - and the ALICE Inner Tracking System - which tests components for the ALICE experiment. &qu...

  4. Cogema, a leading player in the international nuclear fuel market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Created in 1976, Cogema provides electric power companies all over the world with expertise in every aspect of the nuclear fuel cycle from mineral exploration through spent fuel reprocessing and recycling. The AIDA-mox2 program brought together Cogema, Minatom and Siemens in order to carry out preliminary design studies for a MOX fuel fabrication plant to be built in Russia. Cogema is one of the 3 companies that agreed to buy uranium produced by dismantling Russian warhead. Since long Cogema has marketed its products and services in Usa through local subsidiaries. Cogema also provides expertise and technologies to several large departments of energy (DOE) cleanup projects. In Asia, nuclear power programs continue to grow significantly. Cogema is a supplier to Japanese power companies in both the front end and back end of the fuel cycle. In 2001 Cogema and Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited (JNFL) signed an agreement for the transfer of MOX fuel fabrication technology in order to support the construction of a plant in Japan. Cogema has been present in South-Korea for more than 20 years, primarily for sales of front end products and services. The national South-Korean utility KHNP chose the cold crucible vitrification process in order to reduce the volumes of effluents, this process has been developed by French Cea and Cogema, a Korean pilot plant has been operating since september 1999. (A.C.)

  5. An SML Driven Graphical User Interface and Application Management Toolkit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the past, the features of a user interface were limited by those available in the existing graphical widgets it used. Now, improvements in processor speed have fostered the emergence of interpreted languages, in which the appropriate method to render a given data object can be loaded at runtime. XML can be used to precisely describe the association of data types with their graphical handling (beans), and Java provides an especially rich environment for programming the graphics. We present a graphical user interface builder based on Java Beans and XML, in which the graphical screens are described textually (in files or a database) in terms of their screen components. Each component may be a simple text read back, or a complex plot. The programming model provides for dynamic data pertaining to a component to be forwarded synchronously or asynchronously, to the appropriate handler, which may be a built-in method, or a complex applet. This work was initially motivated by the need to move the legacy VMS display interface of the SLAC Control Program to another platform while preserving all of its existing functionality. However the model allows us a powerful and generic system for adding new kinds of graphics, such as Matlab, data sources, such as EPICS, middleware, such as AIDA[1], and transport, such as XML and SOAP. The system will also include a management console, which will be able to report on the present usage of the system, for instance who is running it where and connected to which channels

  6. Laser filament-induced aerosol formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saathoff, H.; Henin, S.; Stelmaszczyk, K.; Petrarca, M.; Delagrange, R.; Hao, Z.; Lüder, J.; Möhler, O.; Petit, Y.; Rohwetter, P.; Schnaiter, M.; Kasparian, J.; Leisner, T.; Wolf, J.-P.; Wöste, L.

    2013-05-01

    Using the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA, we investigated the laser filament induced particle formation in ambient air, humid synthetic air, humid nitrogen, argon-oxygen mixture, and pure argon in order to simulate the particle formation under realistic atmospheric conditions as well as to investigate the influence of typical gas-phase atmospheric constituents on the particle formation. Terawatt laser plasma filaments generated new particles in the size range 3 to 130 nm with particle production rates ranging from 1 × 107 to 5 × 109 cm-3 plasma s-1 for the given experimental conditions. In all cases the particle formation rates increased exponentially with the water content of the gas mixture. Furthermore, the presence of a few ppb of trace gases like SO2 and α-pinene clearly enhanced the particle yield by number, the latter also by mass. Our findings suggest that new particle formation is efficiently supported by oxidized species like acids generated by the photoionization of both major and minor components of the air, including N2, NH3, SO2 and organics.

  7. Suveteater kui bränd ja trend. Teatrisuvi 2006 / Jaak Allik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allik, Jaak, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Suvelavastustest: "Vargamäe kuningriik" A. H. Tammsaare "Tõe ja õiguse" I ja V osa ainetel Endla teatri ja Rakvere Teatri ühisprojekt Vargamäel (lavastaja Jaanus Rohumaa), Urmas Lennuk "Koidula" Emajõe Suveteatris (lavastaja Andres Dvinjaninov), "Romeo & Julia" Eesti Nuku- ja Noorsooteatris (lavastaja Andres Dvinjaninov), Andrus Kivirähk "Sürrealistid" Viinistus (lavastaja Hendrik Toompere jun), Mart Kivastik "Kits viiuli ja õngega" Viinistus (lavastaja Raimo Pass), Jaan Kross "Vastutuulelaev" Naissaarel (lavastaja Aleksander Eelmaa), Alfred Jarry "Kuningas Ubu" Teater NO99 Haapsalu Kiltsi lennuvälja angaarides (lavastajad Ene-Liis Semper ja Tiit Ojasoo), Mart Laar ja Lauri Vahtre "Minust jäävad ainult laulud" Munamäe nõlval (lavastaja Tõnu Lensment), A. H. Tammsaare - H. Rekkor "Tõde:ei:õigus" Vargamäe aidas (lavastaja Helen Rekkor), Rudolf Reiman "Painaja" Leigo Järveteatris (lavastajad Jaan Tooming ja Anne Türnpu), Brian Friel "Kodukoht" Eesti Draamateater Keila-Joa mõisas (lavastaja Priit Pedajas), A. Tshehhov - P. Tammearu "Kolm klaasikest kirsiviina" Ugala tiigi kaldal (lavastaja Peeter Tammearu), Jaan Tätte "Kaev" Tallinna Linnateatri siseõues (lavastaja Indrek Sammul), Jim Ashilev "Nagu poisid vihma käes" Endla teater Muuseumiaidas (lavastaja Andres Noormets)

  8. Support of the Russian Nuclear Safety Authority developing the regulatory basis for dealing with ex-weapons plutonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In line with the framework of the AIDA/MOX program for utilizing excess Russian Weapons Plutonium in Russian reactors (WWER or fast-breeder reactor) under the form of MOX fuel, a collaboration has been launched under the leadership of the nuclear safety authority of Russia (Rostechnadzor) to develop a set of state regulation documents. Several organizations are involved in this project: ROSATOM, the SEC NRS, RAS IBRAE on the Russian side, the DOE, PNNL and the NRC for the USA, the European Commission, the French regulatory body (DGSNR), the CEA and a team of RISKAUDIT safety experts (coming from AVN, GRS and IRSN) on the European side. This collaboration started in 2001, and 42 documents have to be developed to give safety standards, rules, principles and requirements. They cover all safety issues (siting, content of the safety reports, waste management, radiation protection, internal and external hazards, transportation, emergency planning) for the fuel cycle and also for the MOX fuel to be used in Russian reactors. The US DOE (National Nuclear Security Administration - NNSA) and the European Commission (EU Joint Action Russia) have co-financed the writing of 31 documents in Russia and their review by western safety experts. The list of documents and their topics, the work plan and the main results of the collaboration between European experts and the Rostechnadzor are described in this presentation. (authors)

  9. Investigating the effect of advertisement on consumer behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahar Khodakaram Arzanagh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available During the past few years, there has been tremendous increase in advertisement expenses all over the world. Therefore, it is important to examine, to investigate and to evaluate the performance of advertisement to reach organizations’ objectives. This paper presents an empirical investigation using highly reliable and efficient method called AIDA, which consists of four factors: attention, interest, desire and action. The study is implemented for one of Iranian food suppliers called TABAROK located in city of Mashad, Iran. The survey selects a sample of 300 regular customers and distributes a standard questionnaire among them. Cronbach alpha has been calculated as 0.93, which is well above the minimum desirable level. Using Spearman correlation test, the study confirms that all four components of the survey influences consumer behavior, positively. The study also indicates that there were some positive and meaningful correlations among various components of the survey. In addition, applying Freedman test indicates that advertisement has the highest impact on convincing consumer to purchase product.

  10. Anaphe—OO Libraries and Tools for Data Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    O.Couet; B.Ferrero-Merlino; 等

    2001-01-01

    The Anaple project is an ongoing effort to provide an Object Oriented software environment for data analysis in HENP experiments,A range of commercial and public domain libraries is used to cover basic functionalities;on top of these libraries a set of HENP-sepcific C++ class libraries for histogram management fitting,plotting and ntuple-like data analysis has been developed .In order to comply with the user requireements for a command-line driven tool,we have chosen to use a scripting language(Python)as the fromt-ent for a data analysis tool.The loose coupling provided by the consequent use of (AIDA compliant)Abstract Interfaces for each component in combination with the use of shared libraries for their implementation provies an easy integration of existing libraries into modern scipting languages thus allowing for rapid application development.This integration is simplified even further suing a specialised toolkit(SWIG)to create" shadow Classes"for the Python language,which map the definitions of the Abstract Interfaces almost at a one-to-one level.This paper will give an overview of the architecture and design choices and will present the current status and future developments of the project.

  11. Status and perspectives of pixel sensors based on 3D vertical integration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews the most recent developments of 3D integration in the field of silicon pixel sensors and readout integrated circuits. This technology may address the needs of future high energy physics and photon science experiments by increasing the electronic functional density in small pixel readout cells and by stacking various device layers based on different technologies, each optimized for a different function. Current efforts are aimed at improving the performance of both hybrid pixel detectors and of CMOS sensors. The status of these activities is discussed here, taking into account experimental results on 3D devices developed in the frame of the 3D-IC consortium. The paper also provides an overview of the ideas that are being currently devised for novel 3D vertically integrated pixel sensors. - Highlights: • 3D integration is a promising technology for pixel sensors in high energy physics. • Experimental results on two-layer 3D CMOS pixel sensors are presented. • The outcome of the first run from the 3D-IC consortium is discussed. • The AIDA network is studying via-last 3D integration of heterogeneous layers. • New ideas based on 3D vertically integrated pixels are being developed for HEP

  12. The effects of seasonal training on heart rate and oxygen saturation during face-immersion apnea in elite breath-hold diver: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapus, Jernej; Usaj, Anton; Jeranko, Samo; Daić, Jure

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to monitor a diver's ability to perform maximal face-immersion apnea throughout the competitive season. A male, world-class apnea diver was followed for 1 year (from March 2012 to March 2013). During this period he was tested six times. Each test session involved the measurements of the pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength. In addition, the ability to perform maximal face-immersion apnea was also explored. The results of face-immersion apnea durations showed a continuous improvement throughout the preparation period 1 with the peak in the main competition period and a decline during the competition period 2 and the transition period. It seemed that the training periodization was successful by producing the diver's peak performance level at the main diving competition i.e. the 2012 AIDA Freediving World Championships. In conclusion, the study shows that changes in training interventions due to seasonal training periodization could be accompanied by changes in a diver's ability to perform the maximal face-immersion apnea. However, further research is needed to establish the influences of individual components of apnea training on a diver's performance. PMID:26887906

  13. Heterogeneous ice nucleation activity of bacteria: new laboratory experiments at simulated cloud conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Möhler, O.; Georgakopoulos, D. G.; Morris, C. E.; Benz, S.; Ebert, V.; Hunsmann, S.; Saathoff, H.; Schnaiter, M.; Wagner, R.

    2008-10-01

    The ice nucleation activities of five different Pseudomonas syringae, Pseudomonas viridiflava and Erwinia herbicola bacterial species and of Snomax™ were investigated in the temperature range between -5 and -15°C. Water suspensions of these bacteria were directly sprayed into the cloud chamber of the AIDA facility of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe at a temperature of -5.7°C. At this temperature, about 1% of the Snomax™ cells induced immersion freezing of the spray droplets before the droplets evaporated in the cloud chamber. The living cells didn't induce any detectable immersion freezing in the spray droplets at -5.7°C. After evaporation of the spray droplets the bacterial cells remained as aerosol particles in the cloud chamber and were exposed to typical cloud formation conditions in experiments with expansion cooling to about -11°C. During these experiments, the bacterial cells first acted as cloud condensation nuclei to form cloud droplets. Then, only a minor fraction of the cells acted as heterogeneous ice nuclei either in the condensation or the immersion mode. The results indicate that the bacteria investigated in the present study are mainly ice active in the temperature range between -7 and -11°C with an ice nucleation (IN) active fraction of the order of 10-4. In agreement to previous literature results, the ice nucleation efficiency of Snomax™ cells was much larger with an IN active fraction of 0.2 at temperatures around -8°C.

  14. Heterogeneous ice nucleation activity of bacteria: new laboratory experiments at simulated cloud conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Möhler

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The ice nucleation activities of five different Pseudomonas syringae, Pseudomonas viridiflava and Erwinia herbicola bacterial species and of SnomaxTM were investigated in the temperature range between −5 and −15°C. Water suspensions of these bacteria were directly spray into the cloud chamber of the AIDA facility of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe at a temperature of −5.7°. At this temperature, about 1% of the SnomaxTM cells induced freezing of the spray droplets before they evaporated in the cloud chamber. The other suspensions of living cells didn't induce any measurable ice concentration during spray formation at −5.7°. The remaining aerosol was exposed to typical cloud activation conditions in subsequent experiments with expansion cooling to about −11°C. During these experiments, the bacterial cells first acted as cloud condensation nuclei to form cloud droplets and then eventually acted as ice nuclei to freeze the droplets. The results indicate that the bacteria investigated in the present study are mainly ice active in the temperature range between −7 and −11°C with an INA fraction of the order of 10−4. The ice nucleation efficiency of SnomaxTM cells was much larger with an INA fraction of 0.2 at temperatures around −8°C.

  15. The Last Straw

    CERN Multimedia

    McFarlane, K.W.

    2002-01-01

    On 4 December 2002 at Hampton University, we completed processing the 'straws' for the Barrel TRT. The straws are plastic tubes 4 mm in diameter and 1.44 m long. More than 52 thousand straws will be used to build the drift tube detectors in the Barrel TRT. The picture shows some members of the Hampton production team ceremonially cutting the last straw to its final precise length. The production team, responsible for processing 64 thousand straws, included Jacquelyn Hodges, Carolyn Griffin, Princess Wilkins, Aida Kelly, Alan Fry, and (not pictured) Chuck Long, Nedra Peeples, and Hilda Williams. The straws have a cosmopolitan history. First, plastic film from a U.S. company was shipped to Russia to be coated with conductive materials and adhesive. The coated film was slit into long ribbons and sent to the UK to be wound into tubes. The tubes were then sent to two ATLAS collaborators in Russia, PNPI (Gatchina) and JINR (Dubna), where they were reinforced with carbon fibres to make them stiff and accuratel...

  16. Formation of 3-methyl-1,2,3-butanetricarboxylic acid via gas phase oxidation of pinonic acid – a mass spectrometric study of SOA aging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Müller

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of mass spectrometric investigations of the OH-initiated oxidative aging of α-pinene SOA under simulated tropospheric conditions at the large aerosol chamber facility AIDA, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. In particular, the OH-initiated oxidation of pure pinic and pinonic acid, two well-known oxidation products of α-pinene, was investigated. Two complementary analytical techniques were used, on-line atmospheric pressure chemical ionization/mass spectrometry (APCI/MS and filter sampling followed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS. The results show that 3-methyl-1,2,3-butanetricarboxylic acid (MBTCA, a known and very low volatile α-pinene SOA product, is formed from the oxidation of pinonic acid and that this oxidation takes place in the gas phase. This finding is confirmed by temperature-dependent aging experiments on whole SOA formed from α-pinene, in which the yield of MBTCA scales with the pinonic acid fraction in the gas phase. Based on the results, several feasible gas-phase radical mechanisms are discussed to explain the formation of MBTCA from OH-initiated pinonic acid oxidation.

  17. Laser filament-induced aerosol formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Saathoff

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Using the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA we investigated the laser filament induced particle formation in ambient air, humid synthetic air, humid nitrogen, argon-oxygen mixture, and pure argon in order to simulate the particle formation under realistic atmospheric conditions as well as to investigate the influence of typical gas-phase atmospheric constituents on the particle formation. Terawatt laser plasma filaments generated new particles in the size range 3 to 130 nm with particle production rates ranging from 1 × 107 to 5 × 109 cm−3 plasma s−1. In all cases the particle formation rates increased exponentially with the water content of the gas mixture. Furthermore, the presence of a few ppb of trace gases like SO2 and α-pinene clearly enhanced the particle yield by number, the latter also by mass. Our findings suggest that new particle formation is efficiently supported by acids generated by the photo-ionization of both major and minor components of the air, including N2, NH3, SO2 and organics.

  18. Laser filament-induced aerosol formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Saathoff

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Using the aerosol and cloud simulation chamber AIDA, we investigated the laser filament induced particle formation in ambient air, humid synthetic air, humid nitrogen, argon–oxygen mixture, and pure argon in order to simulate the particle formation under realistic atmospheric conditions as well as to investigate the influence of typical gas-phase atmospheric constituents on the particle formation. Terawatt laser plasma filaments generated new particles in the size range 3 to 130 nm with particle production rates ranging from 1 × 107 to 5 × 109 cm−3 plasma s−1 for the given experimental conditions. In all cases the particle formation rates increased exponentially with the water content of the gas mixture. Furthermore, the presence of a few ppb of trace gases like SO2 and α-pinene clearly enhanced the particle yield by number, the latter also by mass. Our findings suggest that new particle formation is efficiently supported by oxidized species like acids generated by the photoionization of both major and minor components of the air, including N2, NH3, SO2 and organics.

  19. Formation of 3-methyl-1,2,3-butanetricarboxylic acid via gas phase oxidation of pinonic acid - a mass spectrometric study of SOA aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, L.; Reinnig, M.-C.; Naumann, K. H.; Saathoff, H.; Mentel, T. F.; Donahue, N. M.; Hoffmann, T.

    2012-02-01

    This paper presents the results of mass spectrometric investigations of the OH-initiated oxidative aging of α-pinene SOA under simulated tropospheric conditions at the large aerosol chamber facility AIDA, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. In particular, the OH-initiated oxidation of pure pinic and pinonic acid, two well-known oxidation products of α-pinene, was investigated. Two complementary analytical techniques were used, on-line atmospheric pressure chemical ionization/mass spectrometry (APCI/MS) and filter sampling followed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS). The results show that 3-methyl-1,2,3-butanetricarboxylic acid (MBTCA), a very low volatile α-pinene SOA product and a tracer compound for terpene SOA, is formed from the oxidation of pinonic acid and that this oxidation takes place in the gas phase. This finding is confirmed by temperature-dependent aging experiments on whole SOA formed from α-pinene, in which the yield of MBTCA scales with the pinonic acid fraction in the gas phase. Based on the results, several feasible gas-phase radical mechanisms are discussed to explain the formation of MBTCA from OH-initiated pinonic acid oxidation.

  20. Small-body deflection techniques using spacecraft: techniques in simulating the fate of ejecta

    CERN Document Server

    Schwartz, Stephen R; Michel, Patrick; Jutzi, Martin

    2016-01-01

    We define a set of procedures to numerically study the fate of ejecta produced by the impact of an artificial projectile with the aim of deflecting an asteroid. Here we develop a simplified, idealized model of impact conditions that can be adapted to fit the details of specific deflection-test scenarios, such as what is being proposed for the AIDA project. Ongoing studies based upon the methodology described here can be used to inform observational strategies and safety conditions for an observing spacecraft. To account for ejecta evolution, the numerical strategies we are employing are varied and include a large N-Body component, a smoothed-particle hydrodynamics (SPH) component, and an application of impactor scaling laws. Simulations that use SPH-derived initial conditions show high-speed ejecta escaping at low angles of inclination, and very slowly moving ejecta lofting off the surface at higher inclination angles, some of which re-impacts the small-body surface. We are currently investigating the realism...

  1. Efficiency of the deposition mode ice nucleation on mineral dust particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Möhler

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The deposition mode ice nucleation efficiency of various dust aerosols was investigated at cirrus cloud temperatures between 196 and 223 K using the aerosol and cloud chamber facility AIDA (Aerosol Interaction and Dynamics in the Atmosphere. Arizona test dust (ATD as a reference material and two dust samples from the Takla Makan desert in Asia (AD1 and the Sahara (SD2 were used for the experiments at simulated cloud conditions. The dust particle sizes were almost lognormally distributed with mode diameters between 0.3 and 0.5 μm and geometric standard deviations between 1.6 and 1.9. Deposition ice nucleation was most efficient on ATD particles with ice-active particle fractions of about 0.6 and 0.8 at an ice saturation ratio SiSiSi. This indicates that deposition ice nucleation on mineral particles may not be treated in the same stochastic sense as homogeneous freezing. The suggested formulation of ice activation spectra may be used to calculate the formation rate of ice crystals in models, if the number concentration of dust particles is known. More experimental work is needed to quantify the variability of the ice activation spectra as function of the temperature and dust particle properties.

  2. Distribution of virulence factors in pathogenic Escherichia coli isolates from diarrheal piglets and their antibacterial resistance%腹泻仔猪病原性大肠埃希菌毒力因子分布与耐药性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静; 姜中其; 虞惠贞; 吴永福; 蒋明君

    2013-01-01

    Diarrhea in pre-weaning and post-weaning piglets is still a frequently occurring disease on scaled farms,and result in great economic losses.Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a major cause,and the virulence factors are the key to its pathogenicity.The traditional and commonly detected pili of ETEC are F4(K88),F5 (K99),F6(987P),F18 and F41,and the enterotoxins include heat-stable STa and STb,heat-labile enterotoxin LT and Stx2e.However,new reports have shown that ETEC strains lacking of recognized fimbriae are becoming increasingly common,which may be linked to the use of vaccines incorporating fimbriated strains,providing selection pressure for the acquisition and carriage of novel,unrecognized virulence genes.Recently,EAST1 (enteroaggregative Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin 1),PAA (porcine attaching and effacing-associated factor),AIDA-I (adhesin involved in diffuse adherence)and intimin encoded by eae (Escherichia coli attaching and effacing) have been reported.Nevertheless,few related data have been available in China; furthermore,the prevention strategies have been devised largely based on the virulence factors.In order to gain more insight into the pathogenesis of colibacillosis in piglets and control the disease,it is of significant importance to track the changes of E.coli virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance,and elucidate the possible relationship between them. Samples were collected by rectum swabs from diarrheal piglets on intensive pig farms of Zhejiang Province.A total of 124 pathogenic isolates were obtained after bacteria isolation,purification,and identification based on the combination of morphology and PCR techniques.The virulence factors were verified by PCR with specific primer pairs.Susceptibility testing was carried out by K-B method,and analyzed by Whonet software.The correction between antibacterial resistance and virulence factors was evaluated by Logistic regression analysis. The PCR results showed that fimbriae

  3. Space-time distribution of ignimbrite volcanism in the southern SMO: From Eocene to Pliocene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieto-Obregon, J.; Aguirre-Diaz, G. J.

    2004-12-01

    A distinct variation in the age of the ignimbrites of the Sierra Madre Occidental (SMO) is observed in the southern portion, which includes the area between Tepic, Nayarit (-105° W) and Aguascalientes, Ags (-102° W). Older, high-grade ignimbrites are Eocene and occur as scattered outcrops. These are in turn covered by a widespread and voluminous sequence of high-grade ignimbrites and silicic to intermediate lavas that ranges in age from Middle Oligocene to Middle Miocene. The peak of this ignimbrite volcanism was at about 21 Ma to 22 Ma, but there is evidence showing that it initiated since about 30 Ma and ended at about 17.5 Ma. This ignimbrite and lava sequence is in turn covered by another series of lavas, predominantly mafic to intermediate, in the southern part of the area. This latest volcanism represents the initiation of the Mexican Volcanic Belt. Ignimbrite volcanism apparently initiated at the NE part of the study area, and migrated to the SW with time, that is from the area Presa Calles to the valley of Bolaños. Isotopic ages reported on these rocks, cluster in various groups reflecting the time evolution of volcanism. Rocks older than 30 Ma tend to occur on the raised blocks of Sierra de El Laurel and Northern Sierra de Morones, in the eastern part of the area. The interval from 30 to 20 Ma comprises a discontinuous set of ages that are concentrated in the blocks of Southern Sierra de Morones, Tlaltenango, Bolaños and the area around Cinco Minas-San Pedro Analco-Hostotipaquillo. An apparent gap of ages occurs between 12 to 18 Ma, followed by a predominantly mafic volcanism scattered mainly to the south of the area, that represents the transition of SMO to MVB. Finally mafic volcanism of the MVB of 3 to 4 Ma is present in the south, in the area excavated on the vicinity of Rio Grande de Santiago. A similar migration pattern has been reported in general for the whole SMO by Aguirre-Diaz and Labarthe-Hernandez (2003), from NE Chihuahua to SW Nayarit

  4. Intraocular and systemic levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in advanced cases of retinopathy of prematurity

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    Raul Velez-Montoya

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Raul Velez-Montoya1, Carmen Clapp2, Jose Carlos Rivera2, Gerardo Garcia-Aguirre1, Virgilio Morales-Cantón1, Jans Fromow-Guerra1, Jose Luis Guerrero-Naranjo1, Hugo Quiroz-Mercado31Retina Department Asociación para Evitar la Ceguera en México IAP, México City, México; 2Department of Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Querétaro, México; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Denver Health Medical Center, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Colorado, USAPurpose: To measure vitreous, aqueous, subretinal fluid and plasma levels of vascular ­endothelial growth factor in late stages of retinopathy of prematurity.Methods: Interventional study. We enrolled patients with clinical diagnoses of bilateral stage V retinopathy of prematurity, confirmed by b-scan ultrasound and programmed for vitrectomy. During surgery we took samples from blood, aqueous, vitreous, and subretinal fluids. The vascular endothelial growth factor concentration in each sample was measured by ELISA reaction. A control sample of aqueous, vitreous and blood was taken from patients with congenital cataract programmed for phacoemulsification. For statistical analysis, a Mann–Whitney and a Wilcoxon W test was done with a significant P value of 0.05.Results: We took samples of 16 consecutive patients who met the inclusion criteria. The vascular endothelial growth factor levels in the study group were: aqueous, 76.81 ± 61.89 pg/mL; vitreous, 118.53 ± 65.87 pg/mL; subretinal fluid, 1636.58 ± 356.47 pg/mL; and plasma, 74.64 ± 43.94 pg/mL. There was a statistical difference between the study and the control group (P < 0.001 in the aqueous and vitreous samples.Conclusion: Stage 5 retinopathy of prematurity has elevated intraocular levels of vascular endothelial growth factor, which remains high despite severe retinal lesion. There was no ­statistical difference in plasma levels of the molecule between the control and study group

  5. Using Benthic microalgae to asses groundwater ecological status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    industrial mining complex Los Gigantes presented abnormal forms. Determinations of diatom species were carried out from samples mounted in Naphrax obtained from Aguirre stream (CAE). Two diatom index were applied and revealed that, while the IDG served as base line for initiating the development of evaluation techniques through microalgae, must be supplemented with local diatom index when existent or with local relevant literature. The local index use and its development will allow to select those that best fit for the ecology of our region and to it future implementations as a metric in the evaluation, along with other index, of the ecological status of waters bodies of CNEA sites. (author)

  6. Acute sterile endophthalmitis following intravitreal bevacizumab: case series

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    Orozco-Hernández A

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Axel Orozco-Hernández,1 Ximena Ortega-Larrocea,1 Gustavo Sánchez-Bermúdez,1 Gerardo García-Aguirre,1 Virgilio Morales Cantón,1 Raul Velez-Montoya2 1Retina Department, Asociación para Evitar la Ceguera en México IAP, Mexico City, Mexico; 2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Rocky Mountain Lions Eye Institute, Aurora, CO, USA Background: Since the ophthalmological community adopted the use of intravitreal bevacizumab as an accepted off-label treatment for neovascular diseases, the amount of knowledge regarding its effects and properties has been increasing continually. In the last few years, there have been an increasing number of reports about sterile intraocular inflammation and intraocular pressure elevations after intravitreal bevacizumab. In the following case series, we describe the clinical presentation and outcomes of ten consecutive cases of patients developing mild-to-severe sterile intraocular inflammation after intravitreal bevacizumab and their management. Methods: This report presents a retrospective case series. We reviewed the medical records of ten consecutive patients from a group of 46, in whom repackaged bevacizumab in individual aliquots from two vials from the same batch were used. All surgical procedures were performed using standard sterile techniques in the operating room. At each follow-up visit, patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination including visual acuity assessment, intraocular pressure, biomicroscopy, and posterior fundus examination. Results: Ten patients presented sterile endophthalmitis with an onset time of 3.5±1.95 days. The clinical characteristics were mild pain, slight visual loss, conjunctival hyperemia, and various degrees of intraocular inflammation with microhypopyon. All cultures were negative. All patients were managed with topical steroids and antibiotics, except two, in whom, due to severe vitreous cells, intravitreal antibiotics were

  7. Peptides and proteins used to enhance gold nanoparticle delivery to the brain: preclinical approaches

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    Velasco-Aguirre C

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Carolina Velasco-Aguirre,1,2,* Francisco Morales,1,2,* Eduardo Gallardo-Toledo,1,2 Simon Guerrero,1,2 Ernest Giralt,3,4 Eyleen Araya,5 Marcelo J Kogan1,2 1Departamento de Química Farmacológica y Toxicológica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad de Chile, 2Advanced Center for Chronic Diseases (ACCDiS, Santiago, Chile; 3Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, 4Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; 5Departamento de Ciencias Químicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andrés Bello, Andrés Bello, Santiago, Chile*These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: An exciting and emerging field in nanomedicine involves the use of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs in the preclinical development of new strategies for the treatment and diagnosis of brain-related diseases such as neurodegeneration and cerebral tumors. The treatment of many brain-related disorders with AuNPs, which possess useful physical properties, is limited by the blood–brain barrier (BBB. The BBB highly regulates the substances that can permeate into the brain. Peptides and proteins may represent promising tools to improve the delivery of AuNPs to the central nervous system (CNS. In this review, we summarize the potential applications of AuNPs to CNS disorders, discuss different strategies based on the use of peptides or proteins to improve the delivery of AuNPs to the brain, and examine the intranasal administration route, which bypasses the BBB. We also analyze the potential neurotoxicity of AuNPs and the perspectives and new challenges concerning the use of peptides and proteins to enhance the delivery of AuNPs to the brain. The majority of the work described in this review is in a preclinical stage of experimentation, or in select cases, in clinical trials in humans. We note that the use of AuNPs still requires substantial study before being translated into human

  8. Análisis holístico, diacrónico y multimodal de libros de texto de inglés como lengua extranjera: Una nueva forma de mejorar la comprensión

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    Rocío González Romero

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto educativo español, uno de los más fieles e indiscutibles aliados para la enseñanza-aprendizaje de los idiomas es el libro de texto. Se han llevado a cabo diferentes estudios sobre aspectos determinados de los libros de texto (Aguirre Lora, 2001; Escaño, 2013; Autor, 2012; Jiménez Catalán, 2003; Nodarse González y Mons Obermayer, 2013, pero pocos estudios realizan un análisis holístico, diacrónico y multimodal. Este estudio verifica la idoneidad de los libros de texto para la enseñanza-aprendizaje del inglés como lengua extranjera en el contexto de la no inmersión lingüística y la educación para adultos. En concreto, analiza el nivel léxico de las muestras seleccionadas, las habilidades demandadas en las actividades, y la distribución de los elementos de las lecciones según su semántica. Los instrumentos de análisis son la base de datos léxica English Vocabulary Profile, la taxonomía del procesamiento de la información de Bloom (1956, y los principios de la composición visual de Kress y van Leeuwen (2006.  Las principales conclusiones que se pueden extraer de este trabajo incluyen: la adecuación del nivel léxico gracias a la creación de estándares oficiales, la práctica común de habilidades de orden inferior en vez de superior, y la distribución de los elementos en torno al eje horizontal, que sitúa la información ya conocida por el alumno a la izquierda y la nueva a la derecha.Cómo referenciar este artículoGonzález Romero, R. (2015. Análisis holístico, diacrónico y multimodal de libros de texto de inglés como lengua extranjera: Una nueva forma de mejorar la comprensión. Foro de Educación, 13(19, 343-356. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/fde.2015.013.019.015

  9. Pseudorhabdosynochus species (Monogenoidea, Diplectanidae parasitizing groupers (Serranidae, Epinephelinae, Epinephelini in the western Atlantic Ocean and adjacent waters, with descriptions of 13 new species

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    Kritsky Delane C.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Seventeen of twenty-three species of groupers collected from the western Atlantic Ocean and adjacent waters were infected with 19 identified species (13 new of Pseudorhabdosynochus Yamaguti, 1958 (Dactylogyridea, Diplectanidae; specimens of the Spanish flag Gonioplectrus hispanus, coney Cephalopholis fulva, marbled grouper Dermatolepis inermis, mutton hamlet Alphestes afer, and misty grouper Hyporthodus mystacinus were not infected; the yellowmouth grouper Mycteroperca interstitialis and yellowfin grouper Mycteroperca venenosa were infected with unidentified species of Pseudorhabdosynochus; the Atlantic creolefish Paranthias furcifer was infected with an unidentified species of Diplectanidae that could not be accommodated in Pseudorhabdosynochus. The following species of Pseudorhabdosynochus are described or redescribed based entirely or in part on new collections: Pseudorhabdosynochus americanus (Price, 1937 Kritsky & Beverley-Burton, 1986 from Atlantic goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara; Pseudorhabdosynochus yucatanensis Vidal-Martínez, Aguirre-Macedo & Mendoza-Franco, 1997 and Pseudorhabdosynochus justinella n. sp. from red grouper Epinephelus morio; Pseudorhabdosynochus kritskyi Dyer, Williams & Bunkley-Williams, 1995 from gag Mycteroperca microlepis; Pseudorhabdosynochus capurroi Vidal-Martínez & Mendoza-Franco, 1998 from black grouper Mycteroperca bonaci; Pseudorhabdosynochus hyphessometochus n. sp. from Mycteroperca interstitialis; Pseudorhabdosynochus sulamericanus Santos, Buchmann & Gibson, 2000 from snowy grouper Hyporthodus niveatus and Warsaw grouper Hyporthodus nigritus (new host record; Pseudorhabdosynochus firmicoleatus n. sp. from yellowedge grouper Hyporthodus flavolimbatus and snowy grouper H. niveatus; Pseudorhabdosynochus mcmichaeli n. sp., Pseudorhabdosynochus contubernalis n. sp., and Pseudorhabdosynochus vascellum n. sp. from scamp Mycteroperca phenax; Pseudorhabdosynochus meganmarieae n. sp. from graysby Cephalopholis

  10. Pseudorhabdosynochus species (Monogenoidea, Diplectanidae) parasitizing groupers (Serranidae, Epinephelinae, Epinephelini) in the western Atlantic Ocean and adjacent waters, with descriptions of 13 new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kritsky, Delane C; Bakenhaster, Micah D; Adams, Douglas H

    2015-01-01

    Seventeen of twenty-three species of groupers collected from the western Atlantic Ocean and adjacent waters were infected with 19 identified species (13 new) of Pseudorhabdosynochus Yamaguti, 1958 (Dactylogyridea, Diplectanidae); specimens of the Spanish flag Gonioplectrus hispanus, coney Cephalopholis fulva, marbled grouper Dermatolepis inermis, mutton hamlet Alphestes afer, and misty grouper Hyporthodus mystacinus were not infected; the yellowmouth grouper Mycteroperca interstitialis and yellowfin grouper Mycteroperca venenosa were infected with unidentified species of Pseudorhabdosynochus; the Atlantic creolefish Paranthias furcifer was infected with an unidentified species of Diplectanidae that could not be accommodated in Pseudorhabdosynochus. The following species of Pseudorhabdosynochus are described or redescribed based entirely or in part on new collections: Pseudorhabdosynochus americanus (Price, 1937) Kritsky & Beverley-Burton, 1986 from Atlantic goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara; Pseudorhabdosynochus yucatanensis Vidal-Martínez, Aguirre-Macedo & Mendoza-Franco, 1997 and Pseudorhabdosynochus justinella n. sp. from red grouper Epinephelus morio; Pseudorhabdosynochus kritskyi Dyer, Williams & Bunkley-Williams, 1995 from gag Mycteroperca microlepis; Pseudorhabdosynochus capurroi Vidal-Martínez & Mendoza-Franco, 1998 from black grouper Mycteroperca bonaci; Pseudorhabdosynochus hyphessometochus n. sp. from Mycteroperca interstitialis; Pseudorhabdosynochus sulamericanus Santos, Buchmann & Gibson, 2000 from snowy grouper Hyporthodus niveatus and Warsaw grouper Hyporthodus nigritus (new host record); Pseudorhabdosynochus firmicoleatus n. sp. from yellowedge grouper Hyporthodus flavolimbatus and snowy grouper H. niveatus; Pseudorhabdosynochus mcmichaeli n. sp., Pseudorhabdosynochus contubernalis n. sp., and Pseudorhabdosynochus vascellum n. sp. from scamp Mycteroperca phenax; Pseudorhabdosynochus meganmarieae n. sp. from graysby Cephalopholis cruentata

  11. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL INTERNALISASI NILAI KARAKTER DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH MELALUI MODEL VALUE CLARIFICATION TECHNIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nunuk Suryani

    2013-07-01

    pembentukan karakter siswa yang pada gilirannya dapat meningkatkan pembentukan karakter bangsa. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan model VCT efektif untuk meningkatkan kualitas proses dan produk  pembelajaran nilai karakter pada mata pelajaran  IPS Sejarah SMP  khususnya di Solo Raya. Kata Kunci : Internalisasi, nilai karakter, Model VCT, pembelajaran Sejarah, IPS.    

  12. INTESTINAL PARASITES AND MALARIA IN MUSI BANYU ASIN AND OGAN KOMERING ULU REGENCIES, SOUTH SUMATRA

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    W. Patrick Carney

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pada bulan Mei 1973 diadakan survey tinja dan darah di lima desa di Sumatra Selatan untuk mengetahui aspek-aspek penyakit parasit pada penduduk asli dan para transmigran yang datang antara tahun 1935 dan 1955. Desa-desa Tanjung Kerang, Simpang Langkap dan Biuku di Kabupaten Musi Banyu Asin yang terletak di sebelah barat laut kota Palembang merupakan daerah hutan-ladang-huma dan perkebunan karet rakyat dikelilingi oleh rawa-rawa, yang di diami oleh penduduk asli. Desa-desa Sidomulyo dan Tanjung Raya di Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu, terletak di sebelah tenggara' kota Palembang, adalah tempat transmigrasi yang merupakan daerah persawahan." Dari 358 orang yang diperiksa tinjanya yang terdiri dari 193 laki-laki dan 165 wanita, di keiemukan 97 per cent terinfeksi oleh sedikitnya satu macam parasit, 87 per cent oleh 2 macam parasit atau lebih dan 55 per cent oleh 3 macam parasit atau lebih. Telur-telur cacing yang di temukan antara lain ialah: Trichuris trichiura. (83 per cent, Ascaris lumbricoides (78 per cent dan cacing tambang (59 per cent. Enterobius vermicularis (1 per cent dan Strongyloides stercoralis (0,3 per cent jarang di jumpai. Entamoeba coli (29 per cent merupakan parasit protozoa yang biasa di temukan. Jumlah rata-rata protozoa yang ada dalam usus ialah: Entamoeba histofytica (4 per cent, Entamoeba hartmanni (1 per cent, Endolimax nona (5 per cent, Iodamoeba butschlii (5 per cent, Giardia lamblia (3 per cent dan Chilomastbc mesnili (4 per cent. Distribusi dari parasit usus hampir sama di antara golongan laki-laki dan wanita; meskipun tanah memegang peranan yang sama dalam pemindahan cacing-cacing, tetapi A. lumbricoides dan T. trichiura lebih banyak di jumpai pada wanita, sedangkan cacing tambang lebih banyak pada laki-laki. Prevalensi parasit usus menurut golongan umur adalah sebagai berikut: A. lumbricoides lebih banyak pada golongan muda, T. trichiura merata pada semua golongan umur, tetapi yang terbanyak pada golongan umur antara 30

  13. Patients' and rheumatologists' preferences for the attributes of biological agents used in the treatment of rheumatic diseases in Spain

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    Nolla JM

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Joan M Nolla,1 Manuel Rodríguez,2 Emilio Martin-Mola,3 Enrique Raya,4 Isabel Ibero,5 Gonzalo Nocea,6 Belén Aragon,6 Luis Lizán,7 Miriam Prades7 1Department of Rheumatology, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Barcelona, Spain; 2Department of Rheumatology, Complejo Hospitalario de Ourense, Ourense, Spain; 3Department of Rheumatology, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain; 4Department of Rheumatology, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, Spain; 5Hospital General de Elda, Alicante, Spain; 6Outcomes Research, MSD, Madrid, Spain; 7Outcomes’10, Castellón, Spain Purpose: To define importance values assigned to attributes of biological agents (BAs by Spanish patients with rheumatic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and psoriatic arthritis and rheumatologists.Patients and methods: This was an observational, cross-sectional design based upon a rank-based full-profile conjoint analysis. A literature review and four focus groups were undertaken to identify attributes and levels. An orthogonal matrix, combining the selected levels of attributes, was used to define scenarios. Participants ranked eight scenarios from 1 (most preferred to 8 (least preferred. The relative importance (RI of attributes was calculated. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify the characteristics that influenced the values of RI. A total of 488 patients (male 50.9%, mean age 50.6 [standard deviation {SD} 12.06] years, rheumatoid arthritis 33.8%, ankylosing spondylitis 32.4%, psoriatic arthritis 33.8%; mean time since diagnosis 12.6 [SD 8.2] years and 136 rheumatologists (male 50.4%, mean age 46.4 [SD 9.1] years, mean time of practice 16.7 [SD 8.8] years participated.Results: The ideal BAs for patients and physicians, respectively, should allow pain relief and improvement of functional capacity (RI 39% and 44.7%, with low risk of adverse events (RI 24.9% and 30.5%, a long time prior to perceiving the need for a new dose

  14. La Esvástica en Armas Antiguas. Relaciones Iconográficas del Símbolo y Estimaciones sobre su Posible Significado

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    Cirlot, Juan Eduardo

    1968-12-01

    Full Text Available Please read the Abstract in Spanish.

    EL primer hecho que debe mencionarse a propósito de la esvástica, cruz gamada o gammadion es que, hasta el presente, no se ha encontrado nunca en monumentos prehistóricos en el Próximo Oriente ni en objetos anteriores a la Edad del Hierro en Occidente. En pinturas paleolíticas se han hallado abundantes signos gráficos, sobre cuya interpretación distan de estar de acuerdo los prehistoriadores: rayas, series de trazos, de puntas, flechas, signos tectiformes, series de arcos de circunferencia, arpones, rombos, rejillas, cruces y aspas. Pero nunca esvásticas. El carácter de todos los signos que hemos citado, a excepción de los tectiformes y de los arcos concéntricos de circunferencia, permite atribuir su hallazgo al azar o al gesto instintivo. La esvástica es tan marcadamente intencional que sólo una idea concreta puede darle origen. Cabría suponer que nació de superposiciones de grecas, si no fuera más antigua que ellas (las más antiguas esvásticas conocidas datan de finales del cuarto milenio antes de nuestra Era. También sucede lo mismo con las ruedas de trazos sigmoideos, de los que pudiera ser una simplificación, pero esas ruedas son también posteriores. En cuanto a su parentesco con los símbolos solares (disco, disco con rayos, disco con dos cruces, la normal y el aspa, trazos convergentes solos señalando la irradiación de luz y calor es poco menos que nulo. El origen de la esvástica es desconocido. En cuanto a su distribución, a partir de un centro que cabe situar entre el Cáucaso y Mesopotamia -tanto hacia Oriente, hasta Japón (trayectoria que no vamos a estudiar, como hacia Occidente-, lo mismo puede proceder del fenómeno de «invención simultánea» que de la «migración» del símbolo. Ambas teorías, aplicables a todo descubrimiento humano (el fuego, la cerámica, etc., tienen sus defensores y no ha probado nadie hasta presente quiénes tienen razón.

  15. Land degradation trends in upper catchments and morphological developments of braided rivers in drylands: the case of a marginal graben of the Ethiopian Rift Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demissie, Biadgilgn; Frankl, Amaury; Haile, Mitiku; Nyssen, Jan

    2014-05-01

    Braided rivers have received relatively little attention in research and development activities in drylands. However, they strongly impact agroecology and agricultural activities and thereby local livelihoods. The Raya Graben (3750 km² including the escarpment) is a marginal graben of the Ethiopian Rift Valley located in North Ethiopia. In order to study the dynamics of braided rivers and the relationship with biophysical controls, 20 representative catchments were selected, ranging between 15 and 311 km². First, the 2005 morphology (length, area) of the braided rivers was related to biophysical controls (vegetation cover, catchment area and slope gradient in the steep upper catchments and gradient in the graben bottom). Second, the changes in length of the braided rivers were related to vegetation cover changes in the upper catchments since 1972. Landsat imagery was used to calculate the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), and to map vegetation cover and the total length of the braided rivers. Spot CNES imagery available from Google Earth was used to identify the total area of the braided rivers in 2005. A linear regression analysis revealed that the length of braided rivers was positively related to the catchment area (R²=0.32, p<0.01), but insignificantly related to vegetation cover in the upper catchments. However, there is an indication that it is an important factor in the relationship calculated for 2005 (R²=0.2, p=0.064). Similarly, the area occupied by the braided rivers was related to NDVI (R²=0.24, p<0.05) and upper catchment area (R²=0.447, p<0.01). Slope gradient is not an important explanatory factor. This is related to the fact that slope gradients are steep (average of 38.1%) in all upper and gentle (average of 3.4%) in graben bottom catchments. The vegetation cover in the upper catchments shows a statistically insignificant increasing trend (R²=0.73, p=0.067) over the last 40 years, whereas length of rivers in the graben bottom

  16. An outbreak of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) and post outbreak sero-surveillance in Eritrea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the end of 2002 contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) was never reported in Eritrea for the last 20 to 30 years. A major incursion of CBPP was reported from illegally smuggled Raya Azebo type cattle from Ethiopia, introduced through the Southern Red Sea administrative region of Eritrea (the Afar area bordering Ethiopia). The first case was detected in the Asmara abattoir during post mortem inspection. Characteristic CBPP clinical signs and post-mortem lesions were observed in affected herd during the outbreak of the disease. Significant number of in-contact indigenous cattle was infected by the disease. Samples were first sent to OIE reference laboratory CIRADEMVT in France for confirmation. The disease was confirmed by PCR on 15 January 2003.Samples of Pleural fluids and lung tissues were collected from CBPP infected animals and tested using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique at the National Veterinary Laboratory. The affected cattle herds were held in an isolation pen and eventually destroyed following confirmation of the disease. Following this incident, surveillance of CBPP was stepped-up and a total of 4,695 serum samples were collected from 313 sampling units or villages and submitted to the National Veterinary Laboratory for testing in 2004 one year after the outbreak of the disease as part of the epidemiosurveillance. Serum samples collected for sero-surveillance were tested for CBPP antibodies by the use of the monoclonal antibody specific for Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides sc as described in the competitive ELISA kit manual from CIRAD-EMVT, France. During this post outbreak sero-surveillance sampling season, all age group animals were eligible for sampling. Out of the total sampled animals 67 (1.43%) were positive for Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides sc antibodies using the cELISA test. This result suggested that very low lateral infectious agent transmission could have taken place. Vaccination as a control measure had never

  17. The graben caldera of Guanajuato, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre-Diaz, G. J.; Tristán-González, M.; Labarthe-Hernández, G.; Marti, J.

    2013-05-01

    Guanajuato has been an important gold and silver mineral district of Mexico since the 16th century until Present. Famous mines such as Rayas, La Valenciana and El Cubo, are part of this important mining development. Stratigraphy and structures are well known, and major faults and vein systems are precisely mapped. The series include a Mesozoic metamorphosed volcano-sedimentary sequence interpreted as a tectonically accreted terrane during Early Cretaceous subduction; a >1000 m thick red beds sequence, apparently Eocene and interpreted originally as molasses posterior to K/T Laramide orogeny, but more probably fanglomerates filling a graben formed during mid-Tertiary extension; an Eocene-Miocene volcanic sequence that accumulated in this tectonic basin and the surrounding area, including andesitic lavas, silicic ignimbrites and surge deposits, and rhyolitic domes. Pyroclastic rocks have not been studied with a volcanological approach, with the purpose of understanding the physical volcanic processes that formed them. Randall (1994) suggested a caldera source for some of them. Our purpose is to describe the volcanic processes involved in the mid-Tertiary units of Guanajuato. There are dacitic and andesitic lavas that were apparently contemporaneous with deposition of the Red Conglomerate of Guanajuato. The ignimbrites correspond to the Sierra Madre Occidental volcanic province. These units were originated as two main pyroclastic densety currents sequences that formed the Loseros-Bufa and the Calderones formations. The former is rhyolitic and the later andesitic-dacitic. Loseros is composed of a series of thin-bedded to laminated pyroclastic surge deposits in continuous and concordant contact with overlying Bufa massive ignimbrite. Bufa ignimbrite is partly welded, with columnar jointing, completely devitrified, and highly silicified by post-deposition hydrothermalism and/or vapor phase alteration. Co-ignimbrite lithic lag breccias are observed at several sites in

  18. Histoire d’histoires, histoire d’images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Heches

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available La Historia Oficial, 1985, de Aida Bortnik et Luis Puenzo, raconte un pan sanglant de l’histoire argentine. Historias mínimas, 2002, de Carlos Sorín, conduit le spectateur sur les routes de Patagonie. De Buenos Aires à la Patagonie, de la dictature à la démocratie, de l’enfermement à l’ouverture.La problématique à laquelle s’attache Puenzo est celle du faible décalage entre la sortie du film et les évènements racontés. Cette proximité donne du poids aux mots car il s’agit bien ici de dire l’indicible. Alicia part à la recherche de la vérité, inouïe, inimaginable et se confronte à l’inédit face aux Mères de la place de Mai. Le film montre comment l’histoire officielle est un mensonge qui se fissure pour laisser place à la mémoire et à une histoire qui n’était jusque là qu’officieuse. Puenzo s’intéresse donc à ce moment particulier, charnière entre mémoire et Histoire. Historias mínimas est-il pour autant un film amnésique de l’histoire ? Non, c’est une « action chargée de peu de matière », qui a pour cadre les paysages ouverts du sud. A la verticalité barbare de Buenos Aires s’oppose l’horizontalité apaisante de San Julian, là où tout a commencé.La Historia Oficial, 1985, directed by Aida Bortnik and Luis Puenzo, relates a blood-stained part of Argentinian history. Historias Minimas, 2002, directed by Carlos Sorin, takes the spectator along the roads of Patagonia. From Buenos Aires to Patagonia, from dictatorship to democracy, from closure to aperture.The issue pointed out by Puenzo is about this tiny lapse between the film release and the events it relates. This proximity gives the words their whole density, because here we need to utter the unspeakable. Alicia goes in search of truth, an untold and unbelievable truth, she faces the untold with the May Square Mothers. The film shows how official history is a lie cracking up to allow memory and reveal the unofficial history

  19. Biological aerosol particles in the atmosphere and their impact on clouds (BIOCLOUDS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amato, Pierre; Attard, Eleonore; Deguillaume, Laurent; Delort, Anne-Marie; Flossmann, Andrea; Good, Nicholas; Joly, Muriel; Koop, Thomas; Möhler, Ottmar; Monier, Marie; Morris, Cindy; Oehm, Caroline; Pöschl, Ulrich; Sancelme, Martine

    2015-04-01

    The project BIOCLOUDS aimed at investigating and quantifying the role of bioaerosols in tropospheric clouds. We focused on the studies on microorganisms, mainly bacteria. To reach our objective we (1) isolated and identified INA bacterial strains in cloud waters, (2) studied in more details IN properties of bacteria isolated from cloud waters in laboratories and cloud chamber, (3) used new data as input to cloud models. 1. Isolation and Identification of INA bacterial strains in cloud waters Cloud water samples were collected at the puy de Dôme station under sterile conditions, microorganisms were cultured on agar plates and further identified by DNA sequencing coding for16SrRNA. 257 bacterial strains isolated from 25 cloud events were screened and 44 isolates were selected as they belonged to Pseudomonas, Xanthomonas and Erwinia genera which are potential INA candidates. Using the classical "Droplet Freezing method" as ice nucleation test, 7 strains were shown INA+. Their cumulative IN frequency profiles were established and showed that some of them are very efficient, for example the strain Pseudomonas syringae 13b74 started to nucleate a t-3°C and 4% of the cells were active at- 5°C. 2. Further laboratory investigations of IN properties of cloud bacterial strains All the experiments presented in this section were carried out with 3 Pseudomonas syringae strains. We tested the influence of O3, NO, UV and pH, which are atmospheric markers of anthropogenic activity, on the IN activity of the Pseudomonas strains. It was clearly shown that pH had a main influence, acidic pHs decreased the IN activity of the strains. This suggests a negative impact of human emissions on the natural capacity of bacteria to precipitate with rain. The 3 Pseudomas strains were sprayed in the AIDA cloud chamber. The survival of these strains with time before cloud formation was measured and will be used in the future to parameterize models for bacterial transport. After cloud formation

  20. Automated digital image analysis of islet cell mass using Nikon's inverted eclipse Ti microscope and software to improve engraftment may help to advance the therapeutic efficacy and accessibility of islet transplantation across centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gmyr, Valery; Bonner, Caroline; Lukowiak, Bruno; Pawlowski, Valerie; Dellaleau, Nathalie; Belaich, Sandrine; Aluka, Isanga; Moermann, Ericka; Thevenet, Julien; Ezzouaoui, Rimed; Queniat, Gurvan; Pattou, Francois; Kerr-Conte, Julie

    2015-01-01

    Reliable assessment of islet viability, mass, and purity must be met prior to transplanting an islet preparation into patients with type 1 diabetes. The standard method for quantifying human islet preparations is by direct microscopic analysis of dithizone-stained islet samples, but this technique may be susceptible to inter-/intraobserver variability, which may induce false positive/negative islet counts. Here we describe a simple, reliable, automated digital image analysis (ADIA) technique for accurately quantifying islets into total islet number, islet equivalent number (IEQ), and islet purity before islet transplantation. Islets were isolated and purified from n = 42 human pancreata according to the automated method of Ricordi et al. For each preparation, three islet samples were stained with dithizone and expressed as IEQ number. Islets were analyzed manually by microscopy or automatically quantified using Nikon's inverted Eclipse Ti microscope with built-in NIS-Elements Advanced Research (AR) software. The AIDA method significantly enhanced the number of islet preparations eligible for engraftment compared to the standard manual method (p methods showed good correlations between mean values of IEQ number (r(2) = 0.91) and total islet number (r(2) = 0.88) and thus increased to r(2) = 0.93 when islet surface area was estimated comparatively with IEQ number. The ADIA method showed very high intraobserver reproducibility compared to the standard manual method (p method versus the ADIA method (p method also detected small islets between 10 and 50 µm in size. Automated digital image analysis utilizing the Nikon Instruments software is an unbiased, simple, and reliable teaching tool to comprehensively assess the individual size of each islet cell preparation prior to transplantation. Implementation of this technology to improve engraftment may help to advance the therapeutic efficacy and accessibility of islet transplantation across centers. PMID:23683575