WorldWideScience

Sample records for ahsan hariz vijay

  1. Y K Vijay

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Y K Vijay. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 27 Issue 5 October 2004 pp 417-420 Nuclear Related Materials. Irradiation of large area Mylar membrane and characterization of nuclear track filter · N K Acharya P K Yadav S Wate Y K Vijay F Singh D K Avasthi.

  2. K VijayRaghavan

    Volume 8 Issue 11 November 2003 pp 5-7 Article-in-a-Box. Thomas Hunt Morgan and Developmental Biology · K VijayRaghavan · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 13 Issue 10 October 2008 pp 909-915 General Article. Never Riding the Tide - Seymour Benzer–The Founder of Neurogenetics · K VijayRaghavan Veronica ...

  3. Vijay Kumar Sharma

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Vijay Kumar Sharma. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 4 Issue 1 January 1999 pp 73-75 Research News. Adaptive Significance of Circadian Rhythms - Biological Clocks and Darwinian Fitness in Cyanobacteria · V Sheeba ...

  4. Vijay A Singh

    Volume 7 Issue 7 July 2002 pp 68-75 Classroom. The Magnetohydrodynamic Generator A Physics Olympiad Problem (2001) · Vijay A Singh Manish ... Volume 11 Issue 8 August 2006 pp 90-100 Classroom. Quantum States of Neutron in Earth's Gravitational Field: A Challenge from the 36th International Physics Olympiad.

  5. VijayRaghavan, Prof. Krishnaswamy

    VijayRaghavan, Prof. Krishnaswamy Ph.D. (Mumbai), FNA, FNASc, FRS, FTWAS, Foreign Assoc. (US Natl. Acad. Sci.) Council Service: 2007-2009. Date of birth: 3 February 1954. Specialization: Developmental Biology, Genetics and Neurogenetics Address: Secretary, Department of Biotechnology, Block 2, CGO Complex, ...

  6. Recasting Distance Learning with Network-Enabled Open Education: An Interview with Vijay Kumar

    Morrison, James L.; Kumar, Vijay

    2008-01-01

    In an interview with James Morrison, "Innovate's" editor-in-chief, Vijay Kumar describes how rethinking distance learning as network-enabled open education can catalyze a whole new set of learning opportunities. The growing open-education movement has made an increasing number and variety of resources freely available online, including everything…

  7. Genre Analysis: The State of the Art (An Online Interview with Vijay Kumar Bhatia)

    Bhatia, Vijay Kumar; Salmani Nodoushan, M. A.

    2015-01-01

    In this interview, Vijay Bhatia freely reflects on his personal experiences, perceptions, and views about the development of Genre Analysis in the early eighties towards Critical Genre Analysis today. He offers his impressions about how professionals construct, interpret, use and often exploit generic resources in their everyday practice to meet…

  8. Vijay Kumar, Prof. Panganamala

    Ethical Guidelines and Procedures document. Posted on 17 January 2017. A revised version of the document 'Scientific Values: Ethical Guidelines and Procedures' has been produced by the Academy's Panel on Scientific Values. For more details, see the Academy Committee on Scientific Values page.

  9. CIFKAS A Measurer of Functional Disability Status in Knee ...

    CIFKAS A Measurer of Functional Disability Status in Knee Osteoarthritis. Vijay Batra, Vijai Prakash Sharma, Meenakshi Batra, Vineet Sharma, Girdhar Gopal Agarwal, Vijay K Singh, Ravindra Mohan Pandey ...

  10. Download this PDF file

    HP27975994114

    15 In a South African constitutional context, freedom of religion, therefore, ... discussed: the status of women in Islam, Islamic law on marriage and divorce ..... application of the ahsan talaaq takes place when the husband “pronounces a single.

  11. 12 December 2014 - Bangladesh Permanent Representative to the UNOG A. M. Shameem signing a cooperation agreeement and the CERN guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer.

    Brice, Maximilien

    2014-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Ahsan M. Shameem Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of Bangladesh to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  12. Clinical and electrophysiological efficacy of leaf extract of Gingko ...

    Ginkgoaceae) in subjects with diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy. Ahsan Numan, Faisal Masud, Khadija Irfan Khawaja, Fehmeda Farrukh Khan, Abdul Basit Qureshi, Saira Burney, Kamran Ashraf, Nisar Ahmad, Muhammad Shahbaz Yousaf, ...

  13. Improving Image Segmentation with Adaptive, Recurrent, Spiking Neural Network Models of the Primary Visual Cortex

    2017-05-19

    Vijay Singh, Martin Tchernookov, Rebecca Butterfield, Ilya Nemenman, Rongrong Ji. Director Field Model of the Primary Visual Cortex for Contour...FTE Equivalent: Total Number: DISCIPLINE Vijay Singh 40 Physics 0.40 1 PERCENT_SUPPORTEDNAME FTE Equivalent: Total Number: Martin Tchernookov 0.20

  14. The Magnetohydrodynamic Generator A Physics Olympiad Problem

    The Magnetohydrodynamic Generator A Physics Olympiad Problem (2001). Vijay A Singh ... Magnetohydrodynamics; generator; power; efficiency; Faraday's law; Physics Olympiad . Author Affiliations. Vijay A Singh1 Manish Kapoor2. Physics Department Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur 208016, India. MPE College ...

  15. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Ch Vijay Kumar. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 121 Issue 1 January 2009 pp 75-82 Full Papers. Unsymmetrical extended -conjugated zinc phthalocyanine for sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films · L Giribabu Ch Vijay Kumar P Yella Reddy ...

  16. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 4 Issue 1 January 1999 pp 8-22 Series Article. 175 Years of Linear Programming - Pivots in Column Space · Vijay Chandru M R Rao · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 4 Issue 5 May 1999 pp 31-39 Series Article. 175 Years of Linear Programming - Pune's Gift · Vijay Chandru M R Rao.

  17. Study of annealing effects in Al–Sb bilayer thin films

    There are three methods to prepare compound semiconductor systems: bilayer annealing (Singh and Vijay 2004a), rapid thermal annealing (Singh and Vijay 2004b) and ion beam mixing (Dhar et al 2003). The annealing and ion beam mixing were found to show inferior mixing effects compared to rapid thermal annealing.

  18. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Vijay Kodiyalam. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 110 Issue 3 August 2000 pp 263-292. The Algebra of -relations · Vijay Kodiyalam R Srinivasan V S Sunder · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this paper, we study a tower { A n G ...

  19. Identification of salt-stress induced differentially expressed genes in ...

    Identification of salt-stress induced differentially expressed genes in barley leaves using the annealingcontrol- primer-based GeneFishing technique. S Lee, K Lee, K Kim, GJ Choi, SH Yoon, HC Ji, S Seo, YC Lim, N Ahsan ...

  20. High frequency plant regeneration from mature seed- derived callus ...

    PRECIOUS

    2009-12-15

    Dec 15, 2009 ... Ki-Won Lee, Gi Jun Choi, Ki-Yong Kim, Hee Chung Ji, Hyung Soo Park, Sei Hyung Yoon and ... Gramineae family plants (Ha et al., 2001; Dong and Qu, ..... Lee SH, Ahsan N, Lee KW, Kim DH, Lee DG, Kwak SS, Kwon SY, ...

  1. Focus Area Science Technology Summer Fellowship (FAST-SF)

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  2. Forthcoming Articles | Pramana – Journal of Physics | Journals ...

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  3. 10-Associateship | 3-Fellowship | Indian Academy of Sciences

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  4. 94440 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  5. 98692 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  6. 93412 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  7. 99007 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  8. 99782 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  9. 94498 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  10. 99306 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    ... Chattoo Vijay Kumar Sharma Ahmed Hassan Zewail Sailendranath Roy Chaudhury Mangalore Vivekananda Bhatt Bahadur Chand Nakra Noshir Hormusji Wadia Charusita Chakravarty Paramasivam Natarajan Manoj Kumar Pal Chirayathumadom Venkatachalier Subramanian Deepak Kumar Subramania Ranganathan.

  11. The Importance of Selecting Suitable Components and Apparatus in ...

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 15; Issue 1. The Importance of Selecting Suitable Components and Apparatus in Physics Laboratories. Vijay H Raybagkar. Classroom Volume 15 Issue 1 January 2010 pp 76-82 ...

  12. Evaluation of antioxidant capacity and membrane stabilizing ...

    Kemi Akinwunmi

    2015-05-27

    May 27, 2015 ... metabolic processes and are formed at the physiological condition required for ... structures in their vicinity by capturing their electron through oxidation. ..... powder using a carrageenan-induced paw swelling model (Vijay and ...

  13. Chemical analyses, antibacterial activity and genetic diversity ...

    SAM

    2014-06-25

    Jun 25, 2014 ... orange were grouped in the first cluster, while sweet orange, grapefruit and pummelo were nested in the second cluster. ... This information can provide ...... Rekha C, Poornima G, Manasa M, Abhipsa V, Pavithra Devi J, Vijay.

  14. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Author Affiliations. Vijay Kumar Sharma1. Chronobiology Laboratory Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Jakkur, PO Box. 6436 Bangalore 560 064. India ...

  15. Bhandari, Prof Narendra

    D. (Mumbai), FNA, FNASc. Date of birth: 10 October 1941. Specialization: Planetary Sciences, Nuclear Geophysics and Exploration of Moon & Mars Address: 2, Nilima Flats, Vijay Crossing, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380 009, Gujarat Contact:

  16. Exploration, analysis and explanation of 'employee satisfaction' as an organization development and general improvement tool for the it sector of Pakistan

    Ahsan, A.; Kiani, H.S.; Khurshid, O.

    2011-01-01

    Pakistan's IT industry is currently one of the top performers as compared to other industrial sectors within Pakistan. As per the findings of Ahsan (2008), despite the fact that Pakistan's IT industry is competitive (with respect to other industries within Pakistan), its true potential is yet to be unfolded. Ahsan (2008); states that Pakistan's so called competitive IT industry has to be in lined with the international performers (Particularly South Asian economies). A simple proof of this statement can be obtained from the fact that Pakistan's general economy is 1/5 of Indian economy. This must be true for IT sector of both the economies, which, unfortunately is not the case because Pakistan's IT sector is currently 1/27 of the Indian IT Sector. Ahsan (2008) believes that partial reason of this unwanted difference may be revenue models, business practices and political situations of the two countries. Other than these reasons Ahsan (2008) believes that several soft issues are also responsible for this industrial difference. Out of these soft issues 'motivation' is one such important factor. The role of motivation as an imperative soft issue for revitalizing workforce can also be reproduced for the discussion concerning the role of 'basic employee satisfaction' as an organisation's productivity and quality enhancement tool. Employees, being an integral asset of the organizations, impact organizations in accomplishment of their objectives. The impact of employee satisfaction in software industry of Pakistan is relatively less known but plays significant role. This paper analyzes the major causes of employee satisfaction and the impact of employee satisfaction on quality and productivity dimensions (particularly) in the IT organizations in Pakistan. This research presents analysis of 'Employee Satisfaction' for IT sector of Pakistan. The study not only explores but also presents detailed explanation and analysis of the subject area for the IT industry of Pakistan by

  17. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Gurunath Gurrala. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 37 Issue 4 August 2012 pp 521-537. Decentralized linear quadratic power system stabilizers for multi-machine power systems · A Venkateswara Reddy M Vijay Kumar Indraneel Sen Gurunath Gurrala · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  18. Nanotech extends shelf life of fresh fruit | CRDI - Centre de ...

    Image. Mango growers in India's Tamil Nadu state. IDRC / Vijay Kutty ... Spraying orchards with a low concentration of the compound slowed fruit ripening ... with it, within 48 hours it's all gone — you can't find even a trace using a microscope.

  19. Resonance journal of science education

    IAS Admin

    810 Grasshoppers – Generalists to Specialists? S V Eswaran and Akanksha Jindal. 817 Application of Analytical Geometry to the Form of. Gear Teeth. V G A Goss. SERIES ARTICLES. 832 Circadian Rhythms. The Underlying Molecular Mechanisms. Nikhil K L and Vijay Kumar Sharma. BOOK REVIEW. 856 Pure Delight.

  20. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | News

    Bimalendu B Nath · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 66-72 General Article. Quantum Computing - Algorithms · C S Vijay Vishal Gupta · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 73-80 General Article. Chemistry of Natural Dyes · Padma S Vankar · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 81-89 Classroom. On IBM's Millennial Puzzle · A Sarangarajan.

  1. R K Mangal

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. R K Mangal. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 29 Issue 7 December 2006 pp 653-657 Semiconductors. Preparation of Al–Sb semiconductor by swift heavy ion irradiation · R K Mangal M Singh Y K Vijay D K Avasthi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  2. From the editor's desk

    Ever since the Indian Academy of Sciences inherited the publication of the Journal of Genetics from J. B. S. Haldane, successive Editors-in-Chief, Profs H. Sharat Chandra, K. VijayRaghavan, Amitabh Joshi and Rajiva Raman, with the support of members of the editorial board, have not only sustained but also expanded the ...

  3. Fulltext PDF

    As we had promised last month, we continue in this issue our coverage of the life, work and seminal ideas of Alan Turing. V Rajaraman describes in some detail Turing's work on thinking machines, expanding on Vijay Chandru's account last time; while Priti Shankar presents a sensitive review of Alan Hodges' sensitive ...

  4. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 87; Issue 5. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 87, Issue 5. December 2008, pages 435-519. Special issue - Circadian rhythms: from genes to behaviour. pp 435-436. Preface · Vijay K. Sharma Robert J. Lucas · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 437-446 Review Article. Oscillating ...

  5. Role of Setbp1 in Myeloid Leukemia Development

    2014-09-05

    Nhu Nguyen1,Vijay Negi1, Kevin Oakley1, Bartlomiej Przychodzen2, Jaroslaw P. Maciejewski2,3, and Yang Du1,3 1Department of Pediatrics, Uniformed...Sozer S, Ashton J, Rossi RM, et al. 2007. Leukemia stem cells in a genetically defined murine model of blast-crisis CML. Blood 110:2578- 85 86

  6. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. M Singh. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 28 Issue 7 December 2005 pp .... Swift heavy ion irradiation effect on Cu-doped CdS nanocrystals embedded in PMMA · Shweta Agrawal Subodh Srivastava Sumit Kumar S S Sharma B Tripathi M Singh Y K Vijay.

  7. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 31; Issue 1. Pressure induced graft-co-polymerization of acrylonitrile onto Saccharum cilliare fibre and ... Author Affiliations. A S Singha1 Anjali Shama1 Vijay Kumar Thakur1. Material Science Laboratory, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur 177 005, India ...

  8. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Author Affiliations. Shweta Agrawal1 Subodh Srivastava1 Sumit Kumar1 S S Sharma1 2 B Tripathi1 M Singh1 Y K Vijay1. Department of Physics, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302 004, India; Department of Physics, Govt. Women Engineering College, Ajmer 305 002, India ...

  9. Fulltext PDF

    Special Relativity - An Esoteric Narrative! should be read as. Special Relativity - An Exoteric Narrative! Acknowledgements. Resonance gratefully acknowledges the help received from the following individuals: Jayant Rao, V Pati, C R Pranesachar, Cherian Varughese, B J Venkatachala and. P Vijay Kumar. India.

  10. V Sheeba

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. V Sheeba. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 4 Issue 1 January 1999 pp 73-75 Research News. Adaptive Significance of Circadian Rhythms - Biological Clocks and Darwinian Fitness in Cyanobacteria · V Sheeba Vijay Kumar ...

  11. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 4; Issue 1. Adaptive Significance of Circadian Rhythms - Biological Clocks and Darwinian Fitness in Cyanobacteria. V Sheeba Vijay Kumar Sharma Amitabh Joshi. Research News Volume 4 Issue 1 January 1999 pp 73-75 ...

  12. Fulltext PDF

    Resonance journal of science education. November 2003 Volume 8 Number 11. SERIES ARTICLES ... G Nagendrappa. Article-in-a-Box. Thomas Hunt Morgan 02 and the Rise of Gene- tics. Amifabh Josl;1i. Thomas Hunt Morgan 05 and Developmental. Biology . K VijayRaghavan. Think It Over. A Curious Set of. Numbers.

  13. Fulltext PDF

    mention that about a decade later, using the method of lunar occultation to determine the structure of weak radio sources with the Ooty Radio Telescope, Govind Swarup (MNRAS, 172, 501, 1975) and Vijay Kapahi. (MNRAS, 172, 513, 1975) lent additional support to the big-bang or evolutionary model of the Universe.

  14. Fulltext PDF

    8 Great Experiments in Physics. Measuring Diameters of Stars: The Hanbury Brown -. Twiss Effect. Amit Roy. 19 Numeracy for Everyone. Why Quantification? Ani! P Gore and 5 AParanjpe. 31 175 Years of Linear Programming. Pune's Gift. Vijay Chandru <;Jnd M R Roo. 40 Electrostatics in Chemistry. Electrostatic Potentials ...

  15. JCSC_128_9_1475_1478_SI.docx

    sony

    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. An efficient PEG-400 mediated catalyst free green synthesis of 2-amino-thiazoles from α-diazoketones and thiourea. B HARI BABU1*, K VIJAY2, K BALA MURALI KRISHNA1, N SHARMILA1 and M BABY RAMANA1. 1Department of Chemistry, Acharya Nagarjuna University, N Nagar, ...

  16. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Vijay Kumar Ph.D. (Bombay), FNA, FNASc. Date of birth: 21 January 1944. Date of death: 16 March 1999. Specialization: Radio Astronomy and Cosmology Last known address: National Centre for Radio Astrophys, Tata Inst. of Fundamental Research, Poona University Campus, Post Bag No. 3, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007.

  17. Never Riding the Tide

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 13; Issue 10. Never Riding the Tide - Seymour Benzer–The Founder of Neurogenetics. K VijayRaghavan Veronica Rodrigues. General Article Volume 13 Issue 10 October 2008 pp 909-915 ...

  18. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Vijay K Agrawal. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 112 Issue 1 February 2000 pp 43-49 Physical and Theoretical. Topological estimation of proton-ligand formation constants of potential antitumour agents: Salicylhydroxamic acids · Sneha Karmarkar ...

  19. Fulltext PDF

    VIJAY KODIYALAM, R SRINIVASAN and V S SUNDER. Institute of ... In order to define the product PQ, first concatenate the pictures (with P on top and Q at ...... words, ЕRY&ЖИЕSY'Ж, contradicting the hypothesis; hence, indeed R TИ S.

  20. Network Coding

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 15; Issue 7. Network Coding. K V Rashmi Nihar B Shah P Vijay Kumar. General Article Volume 15 Issue 7 July 2010 pp 604-621. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/015/07/0604-0621 ...

  1. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Immunocompetence in Drosophila: linking genetic to phenotypic variation · Shampa Ghosh Sharmila Bharathi · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 9-11 Hypothesis. On the genetic basis of temperature compensation of circadian clocks · Vijay Kumar Sharma · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 13-15 Commentary on J. Genet. Classic.

  2. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. YASHBIR S. BEDI. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 95 Issue 3 September 2016 pp 647-657 RESEARCH ARTICLE. Cloning and expression analysis of chalcone synthase gene from Coleus forskohlii · PRAVEEN AWASTHI VIDUSHI MAHAJAN VIJAY LAKSHMI JAMWAL ...

  3. ReSOnJl1f.Ce iournal of science education

    Carl Hirschie Johnson. 32 Pittendrigh: The Darwinian Clock-Watcher. Vijay Kumar Sharma. 42 The 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics: Optics. Vasant Natarajan and N Mukunda. -. ~ 8 Aryabha~a and Axial Rotation of Earth. A Brief History. Amartya Kumar Dutta. RESEARCH NEWS. 73 Stereoscopic View of the Sun and its Adivity.

  4. Fulltext PDF

    Vijay Chandru and M R Rao. GENERAL ARTICLES. 40 Dark Matter. Dark Matter in the Universe. Bikram Phookun and Biman Nath. 47 The Theory of Equations and the Birth of Modern. Group Theory. B Sury. 90 I. An Introduction to Ga/ois TheolJ. -6----------------------------~-----------------------------. RESONANCE I October 1999 ...

  5. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 8, No 14 (2009)

    Genetic variability in Asparagus racemosus (Willd.) from Madhya Pradesh, India by random amplified polymorphic DNA · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. N Vijay, P Sairkar, N Silawat, RK Garg, NN Mehrotra ...

  6. Quantum Computing

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 5; Issue 9. Quantum Computing - Building Blocks of a Quantum Computer. C S Vijay Vishal Gupta. General Article Volume 5 Issue 9 September 2000 pp 69-81. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  7. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Annual Meetings · Mid Year Meetings · Discussion Meetings · Public Lectures · Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 5; Issue 10. Quantum Computing - Algorithms. C S Vijay Vishal Gupta. General Article Volume 5 Issue 10 ...

  8. Rajesh B Khaparde

    Volume 10 Issue 4 April 2005 pp 75-82 Classroom. The Mechanical Black Box – A Challenge from the 35th International Physics Olympiad · Vijay A Singh Rajesh B Khaparde S R Pathare · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 15 Issue 6 June 2010 pp 561-572 Classroom. Understanding DC Motors Through Experiments.

  9. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 6; Issue 7. Gödel's Explorations in Terra Incognita. Vijay Chandru. General Article Volume 6 Issue 7 July 2001 pp 22-28. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/006/07/0022-0028. Author Affiliations.

  10. Quantum States of Neutron in Earth's Gravitational Field

    Keywords. Neutron; gravitational field; Bohr-Sommerfeld-Wilson quantization; projectile motion; elastic collision; Olympiad. Author Affiliations. Vijay A Singh1 Praveen Pathak1 K Krishna Chaitanya2. Homi Bhabha Centre For Science Education (TIFR), V N Purav Marg, Mankhurd Mumbai 400088, India. Physics Department ...

  11. Scientific Visualization: From Data to Insight

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 18; Issue 7. Scientific Visualization: From Data to Insight. Vijay Natarajan. General Article Volume 18 Issue 7 July 2013 pp 615-629. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/018/07/0615-0629 ...

  12. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    K L Nikhil1 Vijay Kumar Sharma2. Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Jakkur, PO Box 6436 Bangalore 560064, India. Chronobiology Laboratory Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Jakkur, PO Box 6436 Bangalore 560064, India.

  13. Circadian Rhythms

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 18; Issue 11. Circadian Rhythms ... M Vaze1 Vijay Kumar Sharma1. Chronobiology Laboratory Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Jakkur, PO Box 6436, Bangalore 560 064, India.

  14. Circadian Rhythms

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 19; Issue 2. Circadian Rhythms: Why do ... Nikhil Vijay Kumar Sharma1. Chronobiology Laboratory Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Jakkur, PO Box 6436, Bangalore 560 064, India.

  15. Veronica Rodrigues

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Veronica Rodrigues. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 13 Issue 10 October 2008 pp 909-915 General Article. Never Riding the Tide - Seymour Benzer–The Founder of Neurogenetics · K VijayRaghavan Veronica Rodrigues.

  16. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. P Yella Reddy. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 120 Issue 5 September 2008 pp 455-462. Functionalized zinc porphyrin as light harvester in dye sensitized solar cells · L Giribabu Ch Vijay Kumar M Raghavender K Somaiah P Yella Reddy P ...

  17. 1. In tro du ctio n E very beginning student in physics is enjoined to ...

    Annual Meetings · Mid Year Meetings · Discussion Meetings · Public Lectures · Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 13; Issue 5. Exploring Black Hole Physics via Dimensional Analysis. Praveen Pathak Vinay Uppal Vijay ...

  18. A Venkataraman

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. A Venkataraman. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 24 Issue 6 December 2001 pp 617-621 Magnetic Materials. A new combustion route to -Fe2O3 synthesis · A Venkataraman Vijay A Hiremath S K Date S D Kulkarni · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  19. Sampling Operations on Big Data

    2015-11-29

    gories. These include edge sampling methods where edges are selected by a predetermined criteria; snowball sampling methods where algorithms start... Sampling Operations on Big Data Vijay Gadepally, Taylor Herr, Luke Johnson, Lauren Milechin, Maja Milosavljevic, Benjamin A. Miller Lincoln...process and disseminate information for discovery and exploration under real-time constraints. Common signal processing operations such as sampling and

  20. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... ... Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy; Volume 29; Issue 1-2. Geomagnetic Field Variation during Winter Storm at Localized Southern and Northern High Latitude. Babita Devi Smita Dubey Shailendra Saini Rajni Devi Rashmi Wahi Ajay Dhar S. K. Vijay A. K. Gwal. Volume 29 Issue 1-2 March-June 2008 ...

  1. Effect of Interplanetary Magnetic Field and Disturb Storm Time on H ...

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... Home; Journals; Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy; Volume 29; Issue 1-2. Effect of Interplanetary Magnetic Field and Disturb Storm Time on H Component. Rajni Devi Smita Dubey Shailendra Saini Babita Devi Ajay Dhar S. K. Vijay A. K. Gwal. Volume 29 Issue 1-2 March-June 2008 pp 281-286 ...

  2. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. A Venkateswara Reddy. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 37 Issue 4 August 2012 pp 521-537. Decentralized linear quadratic power system stabilizers for multi-machine power systems · A Venkateswara Reddy M Vijay Kumar Indraneel Sen Gurunath Gurrala · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  3. Response of Wheat Genotypes to Different Levels of Nitrogen

    Shukra Raj Shrestha

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A field experiment was conducted using six genotypes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. for response to different levels of nitrogen (N use. The experiment was laid out in split plot design with four levels (0, 50, 100 and 150 kg N ha-1 as main plots and six wheat genotypes (BL 3623, BL 3629, BL 3872, NL 1008, NL 1055 and Vijay, a check variety as sub-plots. Grain yield and other yield components increased linearly in response to N concentrations in both seasons. Only two parameters: days to heading (DOH and days to maturity (DTM varied significantly (p ≤ 0.05 among wheat genotypes in both the years. None of the parameters showed interaction effects in both seasons. Vijay showed highest grain yield of 3.12 t ha-1 in 2013 with the application of 100 kg N ha-1, and 3.23 t ha-1 in 2014 with 150 kg N ha-1. Spike length, productive tillers m-2, number of spikes m-2 and test weight were greater with higher N rates. The straw yield of wheat fertilized with 150 kg N ha-1 was the highest in Vijay (4.35 t ha-1 and BL 3872 (4.33 t ha-1, respectively. Vijay with 100 kg N ha-1 produced the highest number of productive tillers m-2 (276.33 in 2013 and 296.00 with the application of 150 kg N ha-1 in 2014.

  4. Supplementary data: Genotype–phenotype relationship of F7 ...

    Supplementary data: Genotype–phenotype relationship of F7 R353Q polymorphism and plasma FVII.c levels in Asian Indian families predisposed to coronary artery disease. Jayashree Shanker, Ganapathy Perumal, Arindam Maitra, Veena S. Rao, B. K. Natesha, Shibu John,. Sridhar Hebbagodi and Vijay V. Kakkar.

  5. A W Joshi

    What can we Learn from the Electromagnetic Spectrum? A W Joshi Alok Kumar · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 8 Issue 7 July 2003 pp 76-84 Classroom. Simple, Concept-Centred, Innovative, Open-Ended Experiments in Physics – 1 · A W Joshi Vijay H Raybagkar F I Surve · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 8 Issue 9 ...

  6. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Author Affiliations. Rekha S Raorane1 Raghu Mahajan2 Praveen Pathak1 Vijay A Singh1. Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education (TIFR), V N Purav Marg, Mankhurd, Mumbai 400 088, India. Department of Computer Science, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110 016, India.

  7. "Analysing Genre: Language Use in Professional Settings." A Review.

    Drury, Helen

    1995-01-01

    "Analysing Genre," by Vijay K. Bhatia, is a timely addition to the literature on genre analysis in English for specific purposes. It is divided into three parts: the first provides theoretical background; the second explains how genre analysis works in different academic and professional settings; and the third exemplifies the…

  8. Bulletin of Materials Science | News

    pp 643-646 Polymers. Effect of temperature and -irradiation on gas permeability for polymeric membrane · Vaibhav Kulshrestha K Awasthi N K Acharya M Singh Y K Vijay · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In the present study the polyethersulphone (PES) membranes of thickness (35 ± 2) m were prepared by solution ...

  9. Fulltext PDF

    Admin

    the 100 Meter Dash. Priyanka de Souza and Vijay A Singh. Front Cover. Microstructures of seashells. (see article on page 573). Inside Back Cover. Flowering Trees. Credit: Navendu Page, Ilse. Back Cover. Yellapragada Subba Row. (1895-1948). (Illustration: Subhankar Biswas ). -MM-. RESONANCE | June 2012. 531.

  10. In this section of Resonance, we invite readers to pose questions ...

    Annual Meetings · Mid Year Meetings · Discussion Meetings · Public Lectures · Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 17; Issue 6. Simple Models for the 100 Meter Dash. Priyanka deSouza Vijay A Singh. Classroom Volume ...

  11. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Volume 116 Issue 4 November 2006 pp 443-458 Operator Theory/Operator Algebras/Quantum Invariants. The Planar Algebra of a Semisimple and Cosemisimple Hopf Algebra · Vijay Kodiyalam V S Sunder · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. To a semisimple and cosemisimple Hopf algebra over an algebraically closed ...

  12. A common variant in chromosome 9p21 associated with coronary ...

    artery disease in Asian Indians. Arindam Maitra, Debabrata Dash, Shibu John, Prathima R. Sannappa, Anupam P. Das, Jayashree Shanker,. Veena S. Rao, H. Sridhara and Vijay V. Kakkar. J. Genet. 88, 113–118. Table 1. Association of rs10757278 SNP with risk factors of. CAD. Risk factors. AA∗. AG∗. GG∗. P value. Yes.

  13. 175 Years of Linear Programming

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 4; Issue 10. 175 Years of Linear Programming - Max Flow = Min Cut. Vijay Chandru M R Rao. Series Article Volume 4 Issue 10 October 1999 pp 22-39. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  14. 175 Years of Linear Programming - Minimax and Cake Topography

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 4; Issue 7. 175 Years of Linear Programming - Minimax and Cake Topography. Vijay Chandru M R Rao. Series Article Volume 4 Issue 7 July 1999 pp 4-13. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  15. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 4; Issue 1. 175 Years of Linear Programming - Pivots in Column Space. Vijay Chandru M R Rao. Series Article Volume 4 Issue 1 January 1999 pp 8-22. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link:

  16. 175 Years of Linear Programming

    Vijay Chandru1 M R Rao2. Computer Science and Automation, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012; Director, Indian Institute of Management, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore 560 076. Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Current Issue : Vol. 23, Issue 4. Current Issue Volume 23 | Issue 4. April 2018.

  17. Fulltext PDF

    A Pedagogical Study of Cooling of a Granualar Gas. Keywords. Granular gas, cooling, Haff's law, inelastic collisions. Rahul Makhijani1, Praveen. Pathak2 and Vijay A Singh2. 1 Department of Electrical. Engineering, IIT, Bombay,. Powai, Mumbai 400 076, India. 2 Homi Bhabha Centre for. Science Education (TIFR), V N.

  18. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Annual Meetings · Mid Year Meetings · Discussion Meetings · Public Lectures · Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 16; Issue 11. A Pedagogical Study of Cooling of a Granualar Gas. Rahul Makhijani Praveen Pathak Vijay ...

  19. Praveen Pathak

    ... 14 Issue 7 July 2009 pp 704-713 Classroom. The Landau Theory of Phase Transitions: A Mechanical Analog · Rekha S Raorane Raghu Mahajan Praveen Pathak Vijay A Singh · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 16 Issue 11 November 2011 pp 1044-1052 Classroom. A Pedagogical Study of Cooling of a Granualar Gas.

  20. Echinococcal Cyst of the Pancreas with Cystopancreatic Duct Fistula ...

    Echinococcal Cyst of the Pancreas with Cystopancreatic. Duct Fistula Successfully Treated by Partial Cystectomy and. Cystogastrostomy. Ahmed Elaffand, Adarsh Vijay1, Samah Mohamed, Hassan Hani Al-Battah1, Ayda Youssef, Ahmed Farahat. INTRODUCTION. Hydatid disease (HD) is a rare endemic disease in.

  1. 175 Years of Linear Programming

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 4; Issue 5. 175 Years of Linear Programming - Pune's Gift. Vijay Chandru M R Rao. Series Article Volume 4 Issue 5 May ... Computer Science and Automation, IISc Bangalore 560012, India. Director, Indian Institute of Management, Bannerghatta Road, ...

  2. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. Shanker Jayashree. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 94 Issue 3 September 2015 pp 539-549 Review Article. Genetic epidemiology of coronary artery disease: an Asian Indian perspective · Shanker Jayashree Maitra Arindam Kakkar V. Vijay · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  3. Associateship | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Home; Fellowship; Associateship. Associate Profile. Period: 1990–1995. VijayRaghavan, Dr Usha. Date of birth: 25 August 1961. Specialization: Molecular Genetics Address during Associateship: Microbiology and Cell Biology Dept., Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  4. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Topological estimation of cytotoxic activity of some anti-HIV agents: HEPT analogues · Vijay K Agrawal Kamlesh Mishra Ruchi Sharma P V Khadikar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. QSAR studies on anti-HIV cytotoxic activities of a series of HEPT(1-[(2-hydroxyethoxy) methyl]-6-(phenylthio)-thymine) analogues have ...

  5. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Vishal Gupta. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 5 Issue 9 September 2000 pp 69-81 General Article. Quantum Computing - Building Blocks of a Quantum Computer · C S Vijay Vishal Gupta · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume ...

  6. Current Trends in Science | 1-Overview | 5-Publications | Indian ...

    Super functional materials: Creation and control of wettability, adhesion and optical effects by meso-texturing of surfaces. Vijay M. Naik, Rabibrata Mukherjee, Abhijit Majumder and Ashutosh Sharma. pp 149-162. Classifying polynomials and identity testing. Manindra Agrawal and Ramprasad Saptharishi. pp 163-185.

  7. Advances in biometrics for secure human authentication and recognition

    Kisku, Dakshina Ranjan; Sing, Jamuna Kanta

    2013-01-01

    GENERAL BIOMETRICSSecurity and Reliability Assessment for Biometric Systems; Gayatri MirajkarReview of Human Recognition Based on Retinal Images; Amin DehghaniADVANCED TOPICS IN BIOMETRICSVisual Speech as Behavioral Biometric; Preety Singh, Vijay Laxmi, and Manoj Singh GaurHuman Gait Signature for Biometric Authentication; Vijay JohnHand-Based Biometric for Personal Identification Using Correlation Filter Classifier; Mohammed Saigaa , Abdallah Meraoumia , Salim Chitroub, and Ahmed BouridaneOn Deciding the Dynamic Periocular Boundary for Human Recognition; Sambit Bakshi , Pankaj Kumar Sa, and Banshidhar MajhiRetention of Electrocardiogram Features Insignificantly Devalorized as an Effect of Watermarking for a Multimodal Biometric Authentication System; Nilanjan Dey, Bijurika Nandi, Poulami Das, Achintya Das, and Sheli Sinha ChaudhuriFacial Feature Point Extraction for Object Identification Using Discrete Contourlet Transform and Principal Component Analysis; N. G. Chitaliya and A. I. TrivediCASE STUDIES AND LA...

  8. Impact of dredging on water quality and group diversity of marine zooplankton during construction and reclaimation activities of new berths at Mormugao Harbour, Goa.

    Snigdha

    and providing me all the institutional facilities there. Scientists of NIO especially Dr. Vijay Kumar Rathod, Dr.Baban Ingole, Dr.Vinod Dhargalkar, and Dr.P.V.Shirodkar has common respect in my eyes for their active support and encouragement from time... in a more advanced stage, with eyes pigmented. Fish Larvae : In fishes, larval development is commonly, though not universally, divisible into I) Pro larval II) Post larval stages Prolarvae are distinguished by the presence of the yolk sac...

  9. Sampling Large Graphs for Anticipatory Analytics

    2015-05-15

    low. C. Random Area Sampling Random area sampling [8] is a “ snowball ” sampling method in which a set of random seed vertices are selected and areas... Sampling Large Graphs for Anticipatory Analytics Lauren Edwards, Luke Johnson, Maja Milosavljevic, Vijay Gadepally, Benjamin A. Miller Lincoln...systems, greater human-in-the-loop involvement, or through complex algorithms. We are investigating the use of sampling to mitigate these challenges

  10. Sacrificing Steve: How I Killed the Crocodile Hunter

    Luke Carman

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Bob Hodge and Vijay Mishra argue that the complex issues of illegitimacy at the core of Australian identity are repressed through a continual process of cyclical silencing, where traces of a shameful past are exorcised by a focus on images of a mythologised ‘legend’, embodied in characters such as 'The Man from Snowy River'. This article explores such a 'schizophrenic' cycle in relation to the life, death and resurrection of Steve 'Crocodile Hunter' Irwin.

  11. Compiler and Runtime Support for Programming in Adaptive Parallel Environments

    1998-10-15

    noother job is waiting for resources, and use a smaller number of processors when other jobs needresources. Setia et al. [15, 20] have shown that such...15] Vijay K. Naik, Sanjeev Setia , and Mark Squillante. Performance analysis of job scheduling policiesin parallel supercomputing environments. In...on networks ofheterogeneous workstations. Technical Report CSE-94-012, Oregon Graduate Institute of Scienceand Technology, 1994.[20] Sanjeev Setia

  12. Computational Study of Thrombus Formation and Clotting Factor Effects under Venous Flow Conditions

    2016-04-26

    domain used in our thrombus formation simulations. Fig. 2 B shows the 3D geometry of the flow-chamber section consisting of two channels measuring 250 60...ArticleComputational Study of Thrombus Formation and Clotting Factor Effects under Venous Flow ConditionsVijay Govindarajan,1 Vineet Rakesh,1 Jaques...understanding of thrombus formation as a physicochemical process that has evolved to protect the integrity of the human vasculature is critical to our ability to

  13. Mutagenic effectiveness and efficiency of EMS, sodium azide and gamma radiation in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

    Barshile, J.D.; Apparao, B.J.

    2006-01-01

    Mutagenic effectiveness and efficiency of Ethyl Methane Sulphonate (EMS), Sodium Azide (SA) and gamma radiation on two cultivars of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L), Vijay and Vishwas were evaluated by the biological damages caused by them in M 1 generation and on the basis of frequency of chlorophyll mutations produced in the M 2 generation. All mutagenic treatments of EMS, SA and gamma radiation decreased germination, seedling height, plant survival and pollen fertility in both the cultivars. The extent of effect was dose dependent. LD 50 values of mutagen were found to be helpful for planning experimental mutagenesis in chickpea. Frequency of chlorophyll mutations in M 2 generation was less in Vijay as compared to Vishwas. Mutagenic effectiveness is inversely proportional to the increasing concentrations/doses of mutagens in both the cultivars, except for gamma radiation treatments in the cultivar Vishwas. All three mutagens (except EMS in the Vijay and gamma radiation in the cultivar Vishwas) exhibited gradual decrease in mutagenic efficiency, with an increase in their concentration/dose. (author)

  14. Efikasi Kendiri: Perbandingan Antara Islam dan Barat

    Noornajihan, J.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Terminologi efikasi kendiri (EK merupakan terminologi yang diperkenalkan dalam ilmu psikologi sekitar tahun 70-an. Namun, istilah ini masih kurang difahami oleh kebanyakan individu terutama mereka yang bukan berlatar belakangkan bidang psikologi. Oleh itu, satu keperluan hasil penulisan ini diketengahkan, memandangkan konsep ini penting dalam diri setiap individu bagi memacu kecemerlangan diri. Justeru, kertas kerja ini akan mengupas serba ringkas mengenai konsep EK dari perspektif Islam dan Barat, dengan melihat kepada beberapa titik persamaan dan perbezaan antara kedua-dua pandangan. Islam dan Barat bersetuju bahawa individu yang memiliki EK yang tinggi merupakan individu yang berfikiran positif, berani mengambil risiko dan tidak mudah berputus. Namun pandangan Islam terhadap konsep ini lebih luas, kerana Islam mengaitkan konsep ini dengan konsep tauhid uluhiyyah dan konsep manusia sebagai ahsan al-taqwim. Oleh demikian, EK dari perspektif Islam lebih bersifat kekal dan umum, di samping individu yang berefikasi tinggi menurut Islam ialah individu yang memiliki sifat sabar, syukur, redha dan redha.

  15. Music and the mind: the magical power of sound.

    Paulson, Steve; Bharucha, Jamshed; Iyer, Vijay; Limb, Charles; Tomaino, Concetta

    2013-11-01

    Music has been a wonderful tool to investigate the interconnection between brain science, psychology, and human experience. Moderated by Steve Paulson, executive producer and host of To the Best of Our Knowledge, cognitive neuroscientist and musician Jamshed Bharucha, music therapy pioneer Concetta Tomaino, jazz pianist Vijay Iyer, and physician musician Charles Limb discuss the neurological basis of creativity and aesthetic judgment and the capacity of music to elicit specific emotions and to heal the body. The following is an edited transcript of the discussion that occurred December 12, 2012, 7:00-8:15 PM, at the New York Academy of Sciences in New York City. © 2013 New York Academy of Sciences.

  16. Nutrient biogeochemistry of the eastern Arabian Sea during the southwest monsoon retreat

    George, R; Muraleedharan, K.R; Martin, G.D.; Sabu, P.; Gerson, V.J.; Dineshkumar, P.K.; Nair, S.M.; Chandramohanakumar, N.; Nair, K.K.C.

    and adjoining southeastern Arabian Sea. Curr Sci 96:364–375 Jyothibabu R, Madhu NV, Jayalakshmi KV, Balachandran KK, Shiyas CA, Martin GD, Nair KKC (2006) Impact of freshwater influx on microzooplankton mediated food web in a tropical estuary (Cochin backwaters... ARTICLE Nutrient biogeochemistry of the eastern Arabian Sea during the southwest monsoon retreat Rejomon George • K. R. Muraleedharan • G. D. Martin • P. Sabu • Vijay John Gerson • P. K. Dineshkumar • S. M. Nair • N. Chandramohanakumar • K. K. C. Nair...

  17. Multiple approaches towards decolorization and reuse of a textile dye (VB-B) by a marine bacterium Shewanella decolorationis

    SatheeshBabu, S.; Mohandass, C.; VijayRaj, A.S.; Rajasabapathy, R.; Dhale, M.A.

    stream_size 41279 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Water_Air_Soil_Pollut_224_1500a.pdf.txt stream_source_info Water_Air_Soil_Pollut_224_1500a.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8...     1    Author version: Water Air Soil Pollut., vol.224(4); 2013; 1500 Multiple approaches towards decolorization and reuse of a textile dye (VB-B) by a marine bacterium Shewanella decolorationis S. Satheesh Babu, C.Mohandass*, A.S.Vijay Raj, R...

  18. Optimization methods for logical inference

    Chandru, Vijay

    2011-01-01

    Merging logic and mathematics in deductive inference-an innovative, cutting-edge approach. Optimization methods for logical inference? Absolutely, say Vijay Chandru and John Hooker, two major contributors to this rapidly expanding field. And even though ""solving logical inference problems with optimization methods may seem a bit like eating sauerkraut with chopsticks. . . it is the mathematical structure of a problem that determines whether an optimization model can help solve it, not the context in which the problem occurs."" Presenting powerful, proven optimization techniques for logic in

  19. A certain ambiguity a mathematical novel

    Suri, Gaurav

    2010-01-01

    While taking a class on infinity at Stanford in the late 1980s, Ravi Kapoor discovers that he is confronting the same mathematical and philosophical dilemmas that his mathematician grandfather had faced many decades earlier--and that had landed him in jail. Charged under an obscure blasphemy law in a small New Jersey town in 1919, Vijay Sahni is challenged by a skeptical judge to defend his belief that the certainty of mathematics can be extended to all human knowledge--including religion. Together, the two men discover the power--and the fallibility--of what has long been considered the pinn

  20. The role of surface charge in the desolvation process of gelatin: implications in nanoparticle synthesis and modulation of drug release

    Ahsan SM

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Saad M Ahsan, Chintalagiri Mohan Rao Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Hyderabad, Telangana, India Abstract: The process of moving hydrophobic amino acids into the core of a protein by desolvation is important in protein folding. However, a rapid and forced desolvation can lead to precipitation of proteins. Desolvation of proteins under controlled conditions generates nanoparticles – homogeneous aggregates with a narrow size distribution. The protein nanoparticles, under physiological conditions, undergo surface erosion due to the action of proteases, releasing the entrapped drug/gene. The packing density of protein nanoparticles significantly influences the release kinetics. We have investigated the desolvation process of gelatin, exploring the role of pH and desolvating agent in nanoparticle synthesis. Our results show that the desolvation process, initiated by the addition of acetone, follows distinct pathways for gelatin incubated at different pH values and results in the generation of nanoparticles with varying matrix densities. The nanoparticles synthesized with varying matrix densities show variations in drug loading and protease-dependent extra- and intracellular drug release. These results will be useful in fine-tuning the synthesis of nanoparticles with desirable drug release profiles. Keywords: protein desolvation, nanoparticle assembly, gelatin nanoparticle synthesis, protease susceptibility, intracellular drug release

  1. Rekonstruksi Tujuan Pendidikan Islam Berbasis Taksonomi Transenden

    Ah. Zakki Fuad

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the reconstruction of the objective of Islamic education based on transcendent taxonomy. This study is based on the idea that “the objective of Islamic education is to make students good”. The word “good” becomes the key as well as the entrance to formulate the objective of Islamic education by examining the concept of “good” in the Qur’ân. The concept is studied using a model of thematic tafsir (mawdû‘î approach. Using this approach, the word “good” is sought through three stems, i.e., the words ahsan-yuhsin, saluh-yasluh, and khayr with their various forms and changes in the Qur’ân. The classification of verses uses the theory of taxonomy. This article reveals that the objectives of Islamic education taxonomy can be called the ‘transcendent taxonomy.’ The objectives of Islamic education based on the Qur’an can be classified into three dimensions: ilâhîyah (theocentrism; divinity, insânîyah (anthro-pocentrism; humanity, and kawnîyah (cosmocentrism; naturality.

  2. The effect of gamma irradiation on the formation of alpha-amylase isoenzymes in germinating wheat

    Machaiah, J.P.; Vakil, U.K.

    1979-01-01

    The biosynthesis of alpha-amylase during seedling growth commenced after a prolonged lag-period in wheat (cv. Vijay), irradiated at a high dose (200 krad). Also, a different requirement for exogenous gibberellins (GA) to stimulate the enzyme synthesis was noted in control and irradiated seeds. Further, the developmental patterns of three major isoenzymes of alpha-amylase (designated as α 1 , α 2 - and α 3 ) during germination were different. It was observed that α 1 -isoenzyme which appeared on the fourth day of germination of control seeds, was delayed in its development and was undetectable up to 4 days in samples irradiated with 200 krad. However, α 1 -isoenzyme appeared after 6 days or after 4 days in GA-treated samples in germinating seeds exposed to a high dose. These results suggested that two systems differing in their radiosensitivity and response to GA application were operating in germinating wheat for the synthesis of functional alpha-amylase molecules. (author)

  3. Autism spectrum disorder with microdeletion 10q26 by subtelomere FISH

    Tonk VS

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Vijay S Tonk1,2, Golder N Wilson11Department of Pediatrics, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, USA; 2Departments of Pathology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, USAAbstract: An 11-year-old female with early feeding problems, mild motor delays, normal speech, subtle facial changes, social difficulties, anxiety and a diagnosis of Asperger disorder was found to have deletion of 10q26.3 by subtelomere fluorescent in situ hybridization (stF analysis. Our patient and others with 10q26 aneuploidy add this region to 11 other autism susceptibility loci qualified by converging genome linkage/association, high resolution chromosome, and mutation studies in our review. We summarize these loci and the current spectrum of terminal 10q deletion cases.Keywords: autism disorder, Asperger disorder, subtelomere FISH, microarray analysis, 10q26 deletion, gene changes in autism

  4. Nucleate Boiling Heat Transfer Studied Under Reduced-Gravity Conditions

    Chao, David F.; Hasan, Mohammad M.

    2000-01-01

    Boiling is known to be a very efficient mode of heat transfer, and as such, it is employed in component cooling and in various energy-conversion systems. In space, boiling heat transfer may be used in thermal management, fluid handling and control, power systems, and on-orbit storage and supply systems for cryogenic propellants and life-support fluids. Recent interest in the exploration of Mars and other planets and in the concept of in situ resource utilization on the Martian and Lunar surfaces highlights the need to understand how gravity levels varying from the Earth's gravity to microgravity (1g = or > g/g(sub e) = or > 10(exp -6)g) affect boiling heat transfer. Because of the complex nature of the boiling process, no generalized prediction or procedure has been developed to describe the boiling heat transfer coefficient, particularly at reduced gravity levels. Recently, Professor Vijay K. Dhir of the University of California at Los Angeles proposed a novel building-block approach to investigate the boiling phenomena in low-gravity to microgravity environments. This approach experimentally investigates the complete process of bubble inception, growth, and departure for single bubbles formed at a well-defined and controllable nucleation site. Principal investigator Professor Vijay K. Dhir, with support from researchers from the NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, is performing a series of pool boiling experiments in the low-gravity environments of the KC 135 microgravity aircraft s parabolic flight to investigate the inception, growth, departure, and merger of bubbles from single- and multiple-nucleation sites as a function of the wall superheat and the liquid subcooling. Silicon wafers with single and multiple cavities of known characteristics are being used as test surfaces. Water and PF5060 (an inert liquid) were chosen as test liquids so that the role of surface wettability and the magnitude of the effect of interfacial tension on boiling in reduced

  5. KORELASI ANTARA BIMBINGAN KONSELING ISLAM DAN DAKWAH

    Marzuki Agung Prasetya

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Dakwah merupakan kegiatan untuk menyeru, memanggil dan mengajak orang lain menuju jalan yang diridhai Allah. Bimbingan dan Konseling Islam merupakan cabang dalam rumpun ilmu-ilmu sosial yang mulai dikembangkan sebagai disiplin ilmu yang mandiri. Keberadaan aktifitas bimbingan dan konseling Islam tersebut didasarkan pada kenyataan bahwa dalam menghadapi dan menyelesaikan masalah, ada individu yang mampu menyelesaikan sendiri, namun ada juga yang membutuhkan bantuan pihak lain. Dalam prakteknya bimbingan konseling akan mengacu pada beberapa pendekatan, diantaranya: pendekatan behavioristik, psikodinamika, eklektik, psikoanalisa dan eksistensial humanistik. Pendekatan tersebut dipilih berdasarkan kondisi klien, masalah yang dihadapi, kemampuan konselor selaku pihak yang memberikan bimbingan maupun kondisi dan situasi pada saat bimbingan konseling berlangsung. Menurut Hamdan Bakran ad-Dzaky, bimbingan konseling Islam merupakan suatu aktifitas memberikan bimbingan, pelajaran,dan pedoman kepada individu yang meminta bimbingan (klien dalam hal bagaimana seharusnya dirinya dapat mengembangkan akal dan pikirannya, jiwanya, keimanannya dan keyakinannya, serta dapat menanggulangi problematika hidup dengan baik dan benar sacara mandiri, yang berparadigma kepada Al-Quran dan as-Sunnah Rasulullah saw. Proses pelaksanaan bimbingan konseling Islam mengacu pada prinsip- prinsip etika berdakwah dalam Islam, yakni bi al-hikmah, al-mauidhah hasanah, dan al-mujadalah bi al-lati hiya ahsan. Tulisan ini melihat relasi antara bimbingan konseling Islam dan dakwah, sehingga dapat diketahui bagaimana hubungan yang terjalin antara keduanya. Kata Kunci: Dakwah, Bimbingan, Konseling Islam. THE CORRELATION BETWEEN ISLAMIC COUNSELING GUIDANCE AND DAWA. Dawa is an activity to call and invite others towards the path of Allah. Islamic Guidance and Counselling is a branch of social sciences which began to be developed as an independent discipline. The existence of the Islamic

  6. Comparing the effects of epidural methylprednisolone acetate injected in patients with pain due to lumbar spinal stenosis or herniated disks: a prospective study

    Gharibi F

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Jafar Mobaleghi1, Faramarz Allahdini2, Karim Nasseri3, Behzad Ahsan3, Shoaleh Shami4, Mansour Faizi5, Fardin Gharibi51Department of Surgery, 2Department of Neurosurgery, 3Department of Anesthesia, 4Faculty of Nursing, 5Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Kurdistan, IranObjective: Satisfactory results have been seen with epidural steroid injections (ESI in patients with herniated disks (HD, but the role in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS has been less investigated. We compared long-term effects of ESI in HD and LSS patients.Methods: In a prospective, single-blind uncontrolled study, 60 patients with radicular pain due to HD (n = 32 or LSS (n = 28 were enrolled over a 9-month period. Methylprednisolone acetate 80 mg plus 0.5% bupivacaine 10 mg were diluted in normal saline up to a total volume of 10 mL, and injected into the epidural space. The amount of pain based on numeric pain score, level of activity, and subjective improvement were reported by patients after 2 and 6 months by telephone. Demographic data were analyzed with the chi-square test. The differences in numeric pain scale scores between the two groups at different times were analyzed with the t-test.Results: There were no differences between HD and LSS patients regarding age, sex, and average duration of pain prior to ESI. The degree of pain was significantly higher in LSS patients in comparison with HD patients in the pre-injection period. The amount of pain was significantly reduced in both groups 2 months after injection. This pain reduction period lasted for 6 months in the HD group, but to a lesser extent in LSS patients (P < 0.05.Discussion: Epidural methylprednisolone injection has less analgesic effect in LSS, with less permanent effect in comparison with HD.Keywords: methylprednisolone acetate, lumbar spinal stenosis, herniated disk

  7. A Roadmap for Reducing Cardiac Device Infections: a Review of Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, and Actionable Risk Factors to Guide the Development of an Infection Prevention Program for the Electrophysiology Laboratory.

    Branch-Elliman, Westyn

    2017-08-16

    Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infections are highly morbid, common, and costly, and rates are increasing (Sohail et al. Arch Intern Med 171(20):1821-8 2011; Voigt et al. J Am Coll Cardiol 48(3):590-1 2006). Factors that contribute to the development of CIED infections include patient factors (comorbid conditions, self-care, microbiome), procedural details (repeat procedure, contamination during procedure, appropriate pre-procedural prep, and antimicrobial use), environmental and organizational factors (patient safety culture, facility barriers, such as lack of space to store essential supplies, quality of environmental cleaning), and microbial factors (type of organism, virulence of organism). Each of these can be specifically targeted with infection prevention interventions. Basic prevention practices, such as administration of systemic antimicrobials prior to incision and delaying the procedure in the setting of fever or elevated INR, are helpful for day-to-day prevention of cardiac device infections. Small single-center studies provide proof-of-concept that bundled prevention interventions can reduce infections, particularly in outbreak settings. However, data regarding which prevention strategies are the most important is limited as are data regarding the optimal prevention program for day-to-day prevention (Borer et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25(6):492-7 2004; Ahsan et al. Europace 16(10):1482-9 2014). Evolution of infection prevention programs to include ambulatory and procedural areas is crucial as healthcare delivery is increasingly provided outside of hospitals and operating rooms. The focus on traditional operating rooms and inpatient care leaves the vast majority of healthcare delivery-including cardiac device implantations in the electrophysiology laboratory-uncovered.

  8. Flurbiprofen–antioxidant mutual prodrugs as safer nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: synthesis, pharmacological investigation, and computational molecular modeling

    Ashraf Z

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Zaman Ashraf,1,2 Alamgeer,3 Munazza Kanwal,1 Mubashir Hassan,2 Sahar Abdullah,3 Mamuna Waheed,3 Haseeb Ahsan,3 Song Ja Kim2 1Department of Chemistry, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan; 2Department of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Kongju National University, Gongju, Republic of Korea; 3Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan Abstract: Flurbiprofen–antioxidant mutual prodrugs were synthesized to reduce the gastrointestinal (GI effects associated with flurbiprofen. For reducing the GI toxicity, the free carboxylic group (–COOH was temporarily masked by esterification with phenolic –OH of natural antioxidants vanillin, thymol, umbelliferone, and sesamol. The in vitro hydrolysis of synthesized prodrugs showed that they were stable in buffer solution at pH 1.2, indicating their stability in the stomach. The synthesized prodrugs undergo significant hydrolysis in 80% human plasma and thus release free flurbiprofen. The minimum reversion was observed at pH 1.2, ­suggesting that prodrugs are less irritating to the stomach than flurbiprofen. The anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, and ulcerogenic activities of prodrugs were evaluated. All the synthesized prodrugs significantly (P<0.001 reduced the inflammation against carrageenan and egg albumin-induced paw edema at 4 hours of study. The reduction in the size of the inflamed paw showed that most of the compounds inhibited the later phase of inflammation. The prodrug 2-oxo-2H-chromen-7-yl-2-(2-fluorobiphenyl-4-ylpropanoate (4b showed significant reduction in paw licking with percentage inhibition of 58%. It also exhibited higher analgesic activity, reducing the number of writhes with a percentage of 75%, whereas flurbiprofen showed 69% inhibition. Antipyretic activity was investigated using brewer’s yeast-induced pyrexia model, and significant (P<0.001 reduction in rectal temperature was shown by all

  9. Identification of risk factors for hepatitis B and C in Peshawar, Pakistan

    Shafiq M

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Muhammad Shafiq,1 Muhammad Nadeem,2 Zeeshan Sattar,3 Sohaib Mohammad Khan,2 Sheikh Muhammad Faheem,4 Irfan Ahsan,5 Rabia Naheed,6 Tahir Mehmood Khattak,2 Shahzad Akbar,7 Muhammad Talha Khan,3 Muhammad Ilyas Khan,1 Muhammad Zubair Khan8 1Department of Internal Medicine, Khyber Teaching Hospital, University Town, Peshawar, 2Department of General Surgery, Nishtar Medical College and Hospital, Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab, 3Department of Internal Medicine, Khyber Medical College, University Campus, Peshawar, 4Department of Neurology, King Edward Medical University, Anarkali, Lahore, Pakistan; 5Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Hospital, Phoenix, AZ, USA; 6Department of Internal Medicine, Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore, 7Department of Internal Medicine, Lady Reading Hospital, Andar Shehr, Peshawar, 8Department of Internal Medicine, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Hayat Abad, Pakistan Background: Hepatitis B and C need immediate worldwide attention as the infection rates are too high. More than 240 million people have chronic (long-term liver infections. Every year, about 600,000 people die globally due to the acute or chronic consequences of hepatitis B and more than 350,000 people die from hepatitis C-related liver diseases. Methods: Our study was designed as a case-control, descriptive study. It was conducted through formal interviews by using structured questionnaires. A total of 100 cases were included, with four controls for each case. Results: This study confirms household contact, history of dental work, history of surgery, sexual contact, and history of transfusion (blood and its components as the main risk factors which are responsible for the increased prevalence of hepatitis. Conclusion: The important risk factors, responsible for the high prevalence of hepatitis B and C in our society are household contact, history of dental work, history of surgery, sexual contact, and history of transfusion (blood and its components. The odds ratio of

  10. Clinical relevancy and determinants of potential drug–drug interactions in chronic kidney disease patients: results from a retrospective analysis

    Saleem A

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Ahsan Saleem,1,2 Imran Masood,1 Tahir Mehmood Khan3 1Department of Pharmacy, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 2Pharmacy Services Department, Integrated Medical Center, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan; 3School of Pharmacy, Monash University, Sunway Campus, Selangor, Malaysia Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD alters the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic responses of various renally excreted drugs and increases the risk of drug-related problems, such as drug–drug interactions.Objectives: To assess the pattern, determinants, and clinical relevancy of potential drug–drug interactions (pDDIs in CKD patients.Materials and methods: This study retrospectively reviewed medical charts of all CKD patients admitted in the nephrology unit of a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan from January 2013 to December 2014. The Micromedex Drug-Reax® system was used to screen patient profiles for pDDIs, and IBM SPSS version 20 was used to carry out statistical analysis.Results: We evaluated 209 medical charts and found pDDIs in nearly 78.5% CKD patients. Overall, 541 pDDIs were observed, of which, nearly 60.8% patients had moderate, 41.1% had minor, 27.8% had major, and 13.4% had contraindicated interactions. Among those interactions, 49.4% had good evidence, 44.0% had fair, 6.3% had excellent evidence, and 35.5% interactions had delayed onset of action. The potential adverse outcomes of pDDIs included postural hypotension, QT prolongation, ceftriaxone–calcium precipitation, cardiac arrhythmias, and reduction in therapeutic effectiveness. The occurrence of pDDIs was found strongly associated with the age of <60 years, number of prescribed medicines ≥5, hypertension, and the lengthy hospitalization of patients.Conclusion: The occurrence of pDDIs was high in CKD patients. It was observed that CKD patients with an older age, higher number of prescribed medicines, lengthy hospitalization, and hypertension were at

  11. 12th International Symposium on Experimental Robotics

    Kumar, Vijay; Sukhatme, Gaurav

    2014-01-01

    The International Symposium on Experimental Robotics (ISER) is a series of bi-annual meetings which are organized in a rotating fashion around North America, Europe and Asia/Oceania. The goal of  ISER is to provide a forum for research in robotics that focuses on novelty of theoretical contributions validated by experimental results. The meetings are conceived to bring together, in a small group setting, researchers from around the world who are in the forefront of experimental robotics research. This unique reference presents the latest advances across the various fields of robotics, with ideas that are not only conceived conceptually but also explored experimentally. It collects robotics contributions on the current developments and new directions in the field of experimental robotics, which are based on the papers presented at the 12th ISER held on December 18-21, 2010 in New Delhi and Agra, India.This present twelfth edition of Experimental Robotics edited by Oussama Khatib, Vijay Kumar and Gaurav Sukha...

  12. Fracton topological order from nearest-neighbor two-spin interactions and dualities

    Slagle, Kevin; Kim, Yong Baek

    2017-10-01

    Fracton topological order describes a remarkable phase of matter, which can be characterized by fracton excitations with constrained dynamics and a ground-state degeneracy that increases exponentially with the length of the system on a three-dimensional torus. However, previous models exhibiting this order require many-spin interactions, which may be very difficult to realize in a real material or cold atom system. In this work, we present a more physically realistic model which has the so-called X-cube fracton topological order [Vijay, Haah, and Fu, Phys. Rev. B 94, 235157 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevB.94.235157] but only requires nearest-neighbor two-spin interactions. The model lives on a three-dimensional honeycomb-based lattice with one to two spin-1/2 degrees of freedom on each site and a unit cell of six sites. The model is constructed from two orthogonal stacks of Z2 topologically ordered Kitaev honeycomb layers [Kitaev, Ann. Phys. 321, 2 (2006), 10.1016/j.aop.2005.10.005], which are coupled together by a two-spin interaction. It is also shown that a four-spin interaction can be included to instead stabilize 3+1D Z2 topological order. We also find dual descriptions of four quantum phase transitions in our model, all of which appear to be discontinuous first-order transitions.

  13. The why and wherefore of hepatic encephalopathy

    Grover VPB

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Vijay PB Grover, Joshua M Tognarelli, Nicolas Massie, Mary ME Crossey, Nicola A Cook, Simon D Taylor-Robinson Liver Unit, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK Abstract: Hepatic encephalopathy is a common neuropsychiatric abnormality, which complicates the course of patients with liver disease. It was probably first described by Hippocrates over 2000 years ago, who said that "those whose madness arises from phlegm are quiet and neither shout nor make a disturbance, while those whose madness arises from bile shout, play tricks and will not keep still, but are always up to some mischief". He was presumably describing the differences between patients with pneumonia and acute liver failure. Despite the fact that the syndrome was probably first recognized thousands of years ago, the exact pathogenesis still remains unclear. Furthermore, a precise definition of the syndrome is lacking, as are definitive methods of diagnosing this condition. It is important as both patients with cirrhosis and the general population with whom they interact may be affected as a consequence. At a minimum, the individual may be affected by impaired quality of life, impaired ability to work, and slowed reaction times, which are relevant to the population at large if affected individuals operate heavy machinery or drive a car. Pathogenic mechanisms, diagnostic tools, and treatment options are discussed. Keywords: hepatic encephalopathy, cirrhosis, ammonia, pathology, treatment, rifaximin, lactulose

  14. ‘Borderless’ Southeast Asia historiography: New scholarship on the interactions and exchanges between Southeast Asia and its South Asian and Chinese neighbours in the pre-1500 era

    Kenneth R. Hall

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of:Nola Cooke, Li Tana and James A. Anderson (eds, The Tongking Gulf through history. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011, x + 223 pp. [Encounters with Asia Series.] ISBN 9780812243369. Price: USD 59.95 (hardback.Derek Heng, Sino-Malay trade and diplomacy from the tenth through the fourteenth century. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2009, xiii + 286 pp. [Research in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series 121.] ISBN 9780896802711. Price: USD 28.00 (paperback.Hermann Kulke, K. Kesavapany and Vijay Sakhuja (eds, Nagapattinam to Suvarnadwipa: Reflections on the Chola naval expeditions to Southeast Asia. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2009, xxv + 337 pp. [Nalanda-Sriwijaya Series.] ISBN 9789812509365, price: USD 39.90 (hardback; 9789812309372, USD 59.90 (paperback.Pierre-Yves Manguin, A. Mani and Geoff Wade (eds, Early interactions between South and Southeast Asia: Reflections on cross-cultural exchange. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2011, xxxi + 514 pp. [Nalanda-Sriwijaya Series.] ISBN 9789814345101, price USD 49.90 (paperback; 9789814311168, USD 59.90 (hardback. [India Hardcover Edition co-published with Manohar Publishers and Distributors, India.]Geoff Wade and Sun Laichen (eds, Southeast Asia in the fifteenth century: The China factor. Singapore: NUS Press; Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2010, xii + 508 pp. ISBN 9789971694487. Price: USD 32.00.

  15. Desalination of brackish and sea water

    Shukla, Dilip R.

    2005-01-01

    In Pali, Rajasthan, a population of 4 lacs gets about 6 million liters of water. Only 34 out of 116 municipalities in AP get regular water. Desalination found acceptance because of the decreasing water table leading to high salinity and making conventional treatment methods irrelevant. While choosing amongst the competitive desalination techniques that are available today for conversion of large quantities of saline water, Reverse Osmosis (RO) and distillation techniques stand out. RO rules the brackish water market where feed salinity is over 700 mg/L. Waste heat is nowadays a non-entity in power plants due to the developments of waste heat recovery systems in power plant technology. Most of the large plants tend to choose thermal desalination. Improved RO economics have in turn increased the attractiveness and use of seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) technology for many large drinking water projects through out the world. Energy cost is the single largest factor in the cost of Sea Water System (usually 20 to 30% of total cost of water). Nuclear Power Corporation, Kudankulam proposed to build a SW desalination system based on RO technology to meet the water requirement of the Anu Vijay Nagar township and Nuclear Power Station. Energy recovery turbine helps reduce the overall system energy requirement. (author)

  16. Unrecognized clozapine-related constipation leading to fatal intra-abdominal sepsis – a case report

    Oke V

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Vikram Oke, Frances Schmidt, Bikash Bhattarai, Md Basunia, Chidozie Agu, Amrit Kaur, Danilo Enriquez, Joseph Quist, Divya Salhan, Vijay Gayam, Prajakta Mungikar Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Interfaith Medical Center, NY, USA Abstract: Clozapine is the preferred antipsychotic used for the treatment of resistant schizophrenia with suicidal ideation. The drug is started at a low dose and gradually increased to a target dose of 300–450 mg/day. It is well known to cause agranulocytosis and neutropenia. Several cases of fatal sepsis have been reported in neutropenic patients and emphasis is placed on monitoring for agranulocytosis; however, clozapine also causes intestinal hypomotility and constipation, which if unrecognized can lead to intestinal obstruction, bowel necrosis, and intra-abdominal sepsis. Reduced behavioral pain reactivity in schizophrenics may alter the ability to express pain, potentially leading to a delay in the presentation for medical attention. We report a case of fatal intra-abdominal sepsis secondary to an unrecognized case of clozapine-related constipation. Keywords: antipsychotics, clozapine, schizophrenia, syncope, constipation, sepsis

  17. Prescribing knowledge in the light of undergraduate clinical pharmacology and therapeutics teaching in India: views of first-year postgraduate students

    Upadhyaya P

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Prerna Upadhyaya,1 Vikas Seth,2 Monika Sharma,1 Mushtaq Ahmed,1 Vijay Vasant Moghe,1 Zafar Yab Khan,1 Vinay Kumar Gupta,1 Shipra Vikram Jain,1 Utkarsh Soni,1 Manohar Bhatia,1 Kumar Abhijit,1 Jaswant Goyal11Department of Pharmacology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College, Jaipur, 2Department of Pharmacology, Hind Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, IndiaObjectives: The study aimed to review the prescribing knowledge of first-year postgraduate doctors in a medical college in India, using the principles of good prescribing, to suggest strategies to improve rational prescribing, and to recommend what curriculum planners can do to accomplish this objective.Methods: Fifty first-year postgraduate doctors were asked to fill in a structured questionnaire that sought information regarding their undergraduate training in clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, prescribing habits, and commonly consulted drug information sources. Also, the questionnaire assessed any perceived deficiencies in their undergraduate clinical pharmacology teaching and sought feedback regarding improvement in the teaching.Results: Eighty-eight percent of residents said that they were taught prescription writing in undergraduate pharmacology teaching; 48% of residents rated their prescribing knowledge at graduation as average, 28% good, 4% excellent, 14% poor, and 4% very poor; 58% felt that their undergraduate training did not prepare them to prescribe safely, and 62% felt that their training did not prepare them to prescribe rationally. Fifty-eight percent of residents felt that they had some specific problems with writing a prescription during their internship training, while 92% thought that undergraduate teaching should be improved. Their suggestions for improving teaching methods were recorded.Conclusions: This study concludes that efforts are needed to develop a curriculum that encompasses important aspects of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics along with incorporation of

  18. Therapeutic treatment with a novel hypoxia-inducible factor hydroxylase inhibitor (TRC160334 ameliorates murine colitis

    Gupta R

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Ram Gupta,1 Anita R Chaudhary,2 Binita N Shah,1 Avinash V Jadhav,3 Shitalkumar P Zambad,1 Ramesh Chandra Gupta,4 Shailesh Deshpande,4 Vijay Chauthaiwale,4 Chaitanya Dutt4 1Department of Pharmacology, 2Cellular and Molecular Biology, 3Preclinical Safety Evaluation, 4Discovery, Torrent Research Centre, Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India Background and aim: Mucosal healing in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD can be achieved by improvement of intestinal barrier protection. Activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF has been identified as a critical factor for barrier protection during mucosal insult and is linked with improvement in symptoms of colitis. Although prophylactic efficacy of HIF hydroxylase inhibitors in murine colitis have been established, its therapeutic efficacy in clinically relevant therapeutic settings have not been established. In the present study we aim to establish therapeutic efficacy of TRC160334, a novel HIF hydroxylase inhibitor, in animal models of colitis. Methods: The efficacy of TRC160334 was evaluated in two different mouse models of colitis by oral route. A prophylactic efficacy study was performed in a 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced mouse model of colitis representing human Crohn's disease pathology. Additionally, a therapeutic efficacy study was performed in a dextran sulfate sodium-induced mouse model of colitis, a model simulating human ulcerative colitis. Results: TRC160334 treatment resulted in significant improvement in disease end points in both models of colitis. TRC160334 treatment resulted into cytoprotective heatshock protein 70 induction in inflamed colon. TRC160334 successfully attenuated the rate of fall in body weight, disease activity index, and macroscopic and microscopic scores of colonic damage leading to overall improvement in study outcome. Conclusion: Our findings are the first to demonstrate that therapeutic intervention with a HIF hydroxylase inhibitor

  19. Challenges of pain control and the role of the ambulatory pain specialist in the outpatient surgery setting

    Vadivelu N

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Nalini Vadivelu,1 Alice M Kai,2 Vijay Kodumudi,3 Jack M Berger4 1Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, 2Stony Brook University School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY, 3Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 4Department of Anesthesiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA Abstract: Ambulatory surgery is on the rise, with an unmet need for optimum pain control in ambulatory surgery centers worldwide. It is important that there is a proportionate increase in the availability of acute pain-management services to match the rapid rise of clinical patient load with pain issues in the ambulatory surgery setting. Focus on ambulatory pain control with its special challenges is vital to achieve optimum pain control and prevent morbidity and mortality. Management of perioperative pain in the ambulatory surgery setting is becoming increasingly complex, and requires the employment of a multimodal approach and interventions facilitated by ambulatory surgery pain specialists, which is a new concept. A focused ambulatory pain specialist on site at each ambulatory surgery center, in addition to providing safe anesthesia, could intervene early once problematic pain issues are recognized, thus preventing emergency room visits, as well as readmissions for uncontrolled pain. This paper reviews methods of acute-pain management in the ambulatory setting with risk stratification, the utilization of multimodal interventions, including pharmacological and nonpharmacological options, opioids, nonopioids, and various routes with the goal of preventing delayed discharge and unexpected hospital admissions after ambulatory surgery. Continued research and investigation in the area of pain management with outcome studies in acute surgically inflicted pain in patients with underlying chronic pain treated with

  20. Use of a 4-week up-titration regimen of roflumilast in patients with severe COPD

    Watz H

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Henrik Watz,1 Nitin Bagul,2 Klaus F Rabe,3,4 Stephen Rennard,5,6 Vijay KT Alagappan,7 Jonas Román,8 Axel Facius,9 Peter MA Calverley10 1Pulmonary Research Institute at LungenClinic Grosshansdorf, Airway Research Center North, German Center for Lung Research, Grosshansdorf, Germany; 2DNA Medical Ltd, Langley, UK; 3Department of Pulmonary Medicine, LungenClinic Grosshansdorf, Airway Research Center North, German Center for Lung Research, Grosshansdorf, 4Department of Medicine, Christian Albrecht University Kiel, Kiel, Germany; 5Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA; 6AstraZeneca, Cambridge, UK; 7AstraZeneca, Gaithersburg, MD, USA; 8AstraZeneca R&D, Gothenburg, Sweden; 9thinkQ2 AG, Baar, Switzerland; 10Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK Background: The oral selective phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor roflumilast (ROF reduces exacerbations in patients with severe COPD. Adverse events (AEs can cause early ROF discontinuation. Alternative dosing strategies may help patients continue their therapy. Methods: In this multicenter, double-blind trial, 1,321 patients with severe COPD were randomized 1:1:1 to 4 weeks’ treatment with ROF 250 µg once daily (OD, 500 µg every other day (EOD, or 500 µg OD, each followed by ROF 500 µg OD for 8 weeks, plus standard therapy. The primary end point was the percentage of patients prematurely discontinuing study treatment. Results: Patients in the 250 µg OD/500 µg OD group had significantly fewer treatment discontinuations (odds ratio [OR] 0.66 [95% CI 0.47–0.93], p=0.017 and lower rates of AEs of interest such as diarrhea, nausea, headache, decreased appetite, insomnia and abdominal pain (OR 0.63 [95% CI 0.47–0.83], p=0.001 compared with those in the 500 µg OD group. Although rates of discontinuation and AEs of interest were numerically lower with ROF 500 µg EOD/500

  1. Efficacy and safety of QVA149 compared to the concurrent administration of its monocomponents indacaterol and glycopyrronium: the BEACON study

    Dahl R

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Ronald Dahl,1 Dalal Jadayel,2 Vijay KT Alagappan,3 Hungta Chen,3 Donald Banerji31Department of Dermatology, Allergy Centre, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark; 2Novartis Horsham Research Centre, Horsham, UK; 3Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ, USAIntroduction: The BEACON study evaluated the efficacy and safety of QVA149, a once-daily dual bronchodilator containing a fixed-dose combination of the long-acting β2-agonist (LABA indacaterol and long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA glycopyrronium (NVA237, in development for the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, compared with the free-dose concurrent administration of indacaterol plus glycopyrronium (IND+GLY.Methods: In this multicenter, double-blind, parallel group study, patients with stage II or stage III COPD (Global initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease [GOLD] 2010 were randomized (1:1 to once-daily QVA149 (110 µg indacaterol/50 µg glycopyrronium or concurrent administration of indacaterol (150 µg and glycopyrronium (50 µg via the Breezhaler® device (Novartis AG, Basel, Switzerland for 4 weeks. The primary endpoint was to evaluate the noninferiority of QVA149 as compared with concurrent administration of IND+GLY, for trough forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 after 4 weeks of treatment. The other assessments included FEV1 area under the curve from 0 to 4 hours (AUC0–4 hours at day 1 and week 4, symptom scores, rescue medication use, safety, and tolerability over the 4-week study period.Results: Of 193 patients randomized, 187 (96.9% completed the study. Trough FEV1 at week 4 for QVA149 and IND+GLY was 1.46 L ± 0.02 and 1.46 L ± 0.18, respectively. The FEV1 AUC0–4 hours at day 1 and week 4 were similar between the two treatment groups. Both treatment groups had a similar reduction in symptom scores and rescue medication use for the 4-week treatment period. Overall, 25.6% of patients in QVA149 group

  2. FLEXURAL TESTING OF WOOD-CONCRETE COMPOSITE BEAM MADE FROM KAMPER AND BANGKIRAI WOOD

    Fengky Satria Yoresta

    2015-07-01

    Safety Initiative. Indonesia. Chauf KA. (2005. Karakteristik Mekanik Kayu Kamper sebagai Bahan Konstruksi. Majalah Ilmiah MEKTEK 7: 41-47. Gangarao HVS, Narendra T & Vijay PV. (2007. Reinforced Concrete Design with FRP Composites. CRC Press, Boca Raton. PKKI (Indonesian Timber Construction Code. (1961. PKKI NI – 5 1961. Direktorat Jenderal Cipta Karya Departemen Pekerjaan Umum, Bandung. Pranata YA, Bambang S & Johannes AT. (2012. Rasio Modulus Penampang Elastik Balok Kayu Laminasi-Baut. Jurnal Teknik Sipil 19: 223-236. Thelandersson S. (2003. Introduction: Wood as a construction material. Pp 15-22 in Sven T & Hans JL (Eds Timber Engineering. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, West Sussex.

  3. TRC150094 attenuates progression of nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes in obese ZSF1 rats

    Shitalkumar P Zambad

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Shitalkumar P Zambad1, Siralee Munshi2, Amita Dubey3, Ram Gupta1, Rosa Anna Busiello4, Antonia Lanni5, Fernando Goglia6, Ramesh C Gupta7, Vijay Chauthaiwale8, Chaitanya Dutt91Pharmacology, 2Cellular and Molecular Biology, 3Pre-clinical and Safety Evaluation, Torrent Research Centre, Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Gujarat, India; 4Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy; 5Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Seconda Universita di Napoli, Caserta, Italy; 6Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche ed Ambientali, Universita del Sannio, Benevento, Italy; 7Medicinal Chemistry, 8Discovery Research, 9Clinical Research, Torrent Research Centre, Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Gujarat, IndiaAbstract: Chronic overnutrition and consequential visceral obesity is associated with a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Moreover, individuals who have a triad of hypertension, dysglycemia, and elevated triglycerides along with reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol have a greater residual cardiovascular risk even after factoring for the traditional risk factors such as age, smoking, diabetes, and elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In our previous study we demonstrated that TRC150094, when administered to rats receiving a high-fat diet, stimulated mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO and reduced visceral adiposity, opening an interesting perspective for a possible clinical application. In the present study, oral administration of TRC150094 to obese Zucker spontaneously hypertensive fatty rats (obese ZSF1 improved glucose tolerance and glycemic profile as well as attenuated a rise in blood pressure. Obese ZSF1 rats treated with TRC150094 also showed reduced hepatic steatosis, reduced progression of nephropathy, and improved skeletal muscle function. At the cellular level, TRC150094 induced a significant increase in mitochondrial respiration as well as an increased FAO in

  4. An Assistive Technology System that Provides Personalized Dressing Support for People Living with Dementia: Capability Study.

    Burleson, Winslow; Lozano, Cecil; Ravishankar, Vijay; Lee, Jisoo; Mahoney, Diane

    2018-05-01

    DRESS prototype's reliability, including increasing the size of markers, minimizing garment folding or occlusions, and optimal positioning of participants with respect to the DRESS prototype. This study demonstrates the ability to detect clothing orientation and position and infer current state of dressing using a combination of sensors, intelligent software, and barcode tracking. With improvements identified by this study, the DRESS prototype has the potential to provide a viable option to provide automated dressing support to assist PWDs in maintaining their independence and privacy, while potentially providing their caregivers with the much-needed respite. ©Winslow Burleson, Cecil Lozano, Vijay Ravishankar, Jisoo Lee, Diane Mahoney. Originally published in JMIR Medical Informatics (http://medinform.jmir.org), 01.05.2018.

  5. Prevalence and component analysis of metabolic syndrome: An Indian atherosclerosis research study perspective

    Saikat Kanjilal

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Saikat Kanjilal3, Jayashree Shanker1, Veena S Rao2, Natesha B Khadrinarasimhaih2, Manjari Mukherjee4, Shamanna S Iyengar3, Vijay V Kakkar1,51Mary and Garry Weston Functional Genomics Unit, Thrombosis Research Institute, Bangalore, India; 2Tata Proteomics and Coagulation Unit, Thrombosis Research Institute, Bangalore, India; 3Division of Cardiology, St. Johns Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore, India; 4University Department of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, India; 5Thrombosis Research Institute, Chelsea, London, UKAbstract: Asian Indians have a high predisposition to metabolic syndrome (MS and coronary artery disease (CAD. The present study aimed to estimate MS prevalence in 531 Asian Indian families comprising of 2318 individuals. Anthropometrics and lipid profile were assessed. MS prevalence was estimated using standard Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP-III and World Health Organisation (WHO criteria and modified definitions which included lowered cut-offs for waist circumference (WC (≥90 cm for men and ≥80 cm for women], body mass index (BMI (≥23 kg/m2 and impaired fasting glucose (IFG levels. ATP-III criteria identified a significantly higher proportion of people with MS (N = 933; 40.3% compared with WHO (N = 708; 30.6%; p<0.0001 while modified ATP-III showed maximum gain in percent prevalence among the revised criteria (17.3%; p = 0.0056. The IDF criteria identified similar proportion of subjects with MS (N = 809; 34.9% as the revised WHO criteria (N = 792; 34.2%. The number of MS subjects was highest in the 50–59 years age group. MS was diagnosed a decade earlier in unaffected subjects compared with those with CAD/diabetes using the modified MS criteria. WC correlated significantly with BMI and waist–hip ratio (WHR (p = 0.000. Among MS components, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and BMI contributed significantly in males (71.4% and 85.9% and females (86.8% and 88.8%, respectively. The higher percentage contribution of WC

  6. TRC210258, a novel TGR5 agonist, reduces glycemic and dyslipidemic cardiovascular risk in animal models of diabesity

    Zambad SP

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Shitalkumar P Zambad, Davinder Tuli, Anoop Mathur, Sameer A Ghalsasi, Anita R Chaudhary, Shailesh Deshpande, Ramesh C Gupta, Vijay Chauthaiwale, Chaitanya DuttTorrent Research Centre, Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Gujarat, IndiaBackground: Patients with diabesity have a significantly increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Therefore, therapy addressing the multiple metabolic abnormalities linked with diabesity and leading to further reduction of cardiovascular risk is highly desirable. Activation of the TGR5 receptor holds therapeutic potential for diabesity. In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of TRC210258, a novel TGR5 agonist, in clinically relevant animal models of diabesity.Methods: A novel small molecule, TRC210258 (N-(4-chlorophenyl-2-(4-fluoro phenoxy-N-methylimidazo (1, 2-a pyrimidine-3-carboxamide, was synthesized. The in vitro TGR5 receptor activation potential of TRC210258 was assessed by cyclic adinosine monophosphate (cAMP assay and cAMP-responsive element reporter assay using cells overexpressing the human TGR5 receptor. The effect of TRC210258 on glucagon-like peptide-1 release was evaluated in vitro using a human enteroendocrine cell line. The effect of TRC210258 on energy expenditure and glycemic control was evaluated in high-fat diet-induced obese mice. Additionally, the effect of TRC210258 on dyslipidemic parameters was determined in high fat-fed hamsters.Results: TRC210258 demonstrated potent TGR5 agonist activity, with enhanced glucagon-like peptide-1 release and energy expenditure. Treatment with TRC210258 resulted in better glycemic control and improved parameters of dyslipidemia such as plasma triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Treatment with TRC210258 also improved emerging dyslipidemic cardiovascular risk parameters, including remnant cholesterol and triglyceride clearance.Conclusion: This study highlights the potential of TRC

  7. Adverse events in diabetic foot infections: a case control study comparing early versus delayed medical treatment after home remedies

    Cawich SO

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Shamir O Cawich, Patrick Harnarayan, Shariful Islam, Steve Budhooram, Shivaa Ramsewak, Vijay Naraynsingh Department of Clinical Surgical Sciences, University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies Background: The aim of conventional medical therapy in diabetic foot infections is to control infection, thereby reducing amputation rates, infectious morbidity, and death. Any delay incurred during a trial of home remedies could allow an infection to progress unchecked, increasing the risk of these adverse outcomes. This study sought to determine the effects of delayed operative interventions and amputations in these patients. Methods: A questionnaire study targeting all consecutive patients admitted with diabetic foot infection was carried out over 1 year. Two groups were defined, ie, a medical therapy group comprising patients who sought medical attention after detecting their infection and a home remedy group comprising those who voluntarily chose to delay medical therapy in favor of home remedies. The patients were followed throughout their hospital admissions. We recorded the duration of hospitalization and number of operative debridements and amputations performed. Results: There were 695 patients with diabetic foot infections, comprising 382 in the medical therapy group and 313 in the home remedy group. Many were previously hospitalized for foot infections in the medical therapy (78% and home remedy (74.8% groups. The trial of home remedies lasted for a mean duration of 8.9 days. The home remedy group had a longer duration of hospitalization (16.3 versus 8.5 days; P<0.001, more operative debridements (99.7% versus 94.5%; P<0.001, and more debridements per patient (2.85 versus 2.45; P<0.001. Additionally, in the home remedy group, there was an estimated increase in expenditure of US $10,821.72 US per patient and a trend toward more major amputations (9.3% versus 5.2%; P=0.073. Conclusion: There are negative

  8. Airway bacteria measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and culture in patients with stable COPD: relationship with neutrophilic airway inflammation, exacerbation frequency, and lung function

    Bafadhel M

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Mona Bafadhel,1 Koirobi Haldar,2 Bethan Barker,2,3 Hemu Patel,4 Vijay Mistry,2,3 Michael R Barer,2–4 Ian D Pavord,1 Christopher E Brightling2,3 1Respiratory Medicine Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; 2Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Leicester, 3Institute for Lung Health, National Institute for Health Research Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Glenfield Hospital, University of Leicester, 4Department of Clinical Microbiology, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, UK Background: Potentially pathogenic microorganisms can be detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR in sputum from patients with COPD, although how this technique relates to culture and clinical measures of disease is unclear. We used cross-sectional and longitudinal data to test the hypotheses that qPCR is a more sensitive measure of bacterial presence and is associated with neutrophilic airway inflammation and adverse clinical outcomes.Methods: Sputum was collected from 174 stable COPD subjects longitudinally over 12 months. Microbial sampling using culture and qPCR was performed. Spirometry and sputum measures of airway inflammation were assessed.Findings: Sputum was qPCR-positive (>106 copies/mL in 77/152 samples (Haemophilus influenzae [n=52], Moraxella catarrhalis [n=24], Streptococcus pneumoniae [n=19], and Staphylococcus aureus [n=7]. Sputum was culture-positive in 50/174 samples, with 49 out of 50 culture-positive samples having pathogen-specific qPCR bacterial loads >106 copies/mL. Samples that had qPCR copy numbers >106/mL, whether culture-positive or not, had increased sputum neutrophil counts. H. influenzae qPCR copy numbers correlated with sputum neutrophil counts (r=0.37, P<0.001, were repeatable within subjects, and were >106/mL three or more times in 19 patients, eight of whom were repeatedly sputum culture-positive. Persistence, whether

  9. A controlled, randomized nonblinded clinical trial to assess the efficacy of amphotericin B deoxycholate as compared to pentamidine for the treatment of antimony unresponsive visceral leishmaniasis cases in Bihar, India

    Vidya N

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Vidya Nand Rabi Das1, Niyamat Ali Siddiqui2, Krishna Pandey3, Vijay Pratap Singh2, Roshan K Topno4, Dharmendra Singh5, Rakesh Bihari Verma2, Alok Ranjan2, Prabhat Kumar Sinha1, Pradeep Das61Department of Clinical Medicine, Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Council of Medical Research, Patna, Bihar, India; 2Department of Biostatistics; 3Department of Clinical Medicine; 4Department of Epidemiology; 5Department of Molecular Biology; 6Director and Institutional Head, Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Council of Medical Research, Patna, Bihar, IndiaBackground: There is significant variation in Amphotericin B (AMB efficacy and relapses in antimony unresponsive visceral leishmaniasis (VL cases over a period of time (10–15 years. Keeping in mind the above mentioned view this study was undertaken with an objective to assess the magnitude of cure and relapse rates of AMB in the treatment of antimony unresponsive VL cases.Methods: In a controlled, randomized nonblinded clinical trial, we evaluated the cure and relapse rate of Amphotericin B deoxycholate as compared to pentamidine. A total of 82 sodium stibogluconate (SSG unresponsive and parasitologically confirmed VL cases were included in this study and randomized into two groups, test (Amphotericin B and control (Pentamidine. Both the groups were treated with recommended dosages (as per World Health Organization guidelines of respective medicines. All the patients were followed up on 1st, 2nd, and 6th month after end of treatment.Results: Apparent cure rate in the Amphotericin B group was found to be 95% (39/41 compared with 83% (34/41 in the Pentamidine group, which shows significant statistical difference (p = 0.05. The ultimate cure rate was found 92% (38/41 in the Amphotericin B group compared to 73% (30/41 in the Pentamidine group, which shows a significant statistical difference (Yates corrected chi-square = 4.42, p = 0.04. Similarly

  10. Factors associated with opioid overdose: a 10-year retrospective study of patients in a large integrated health care system

    Boscarino JA

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Joseph A Boscarino,1 H Lester Kirchner,2 James M Pitcavage,1 Vijay R Nadipelli,3 Naoko A Ronquest,3 Michael H Fitzpatrick,4 John J Han5 1Center for Health Research, 2Biomedical and Translational Informatics, Geisinger Clinic, Danville, PA, 3Indivior Inc., Richmond, VA, 4Emergency Medicine Service Line, Central Division, Geisinger Clinic, Danville, 5Geisinger Interventional Pain Center, Danville, PA, USA Objective: Opioid overdoses (ODs have been increasing, and harm reduction efforts are a priority. The success of these efforts will be dependent on the identification of at-risk patients and improved access to the antidote naloxone. Therefore, to identify access to naloxone and factors associated with negative health outcomes, we conducted a retrospective study of patients with OD to identify those at highest risk of adverse outcomes and to assess the use of naloxone.Methods: We conducted a study of electronic health records for patients admitted to the largest multihospital system in the region – the Geisinger Health System (GHS for ODs – from April 2005 through March 2015. ODs were defined by International Classification of Diseases-9 codes (age range: 10–95 years. Bivariate analyses and multiple logistic regressions were conducted to identify pre-OD factors associated with adverse health outcomes post-OD.Results: We identified 2,039 patients with one or more ODs, of whom 9.4% were deceased within 12 months. Patient demographics suggest that patients with OD had a mean age of 52 years, were not married (64%, and were unemployed (78%. Common comorbidities among patients with OD include cardiovascular disease (22%, diabetes (14%, cancer (13%, and the presence of one or more mental health disorders (35%. Few patients had a prescription order for naloxone (9% after their OD. The majority of patients with OD were in proximity to GHS health care facilities, with 87% having a GHS primary care provider. In multiple logistic regressions, common

  11. PREFACE: International Conference on Strongly Correlated Electron Systems (SCES 2011)

    Littlewood, P. B.; Lonzarich, G. G.; Saxena, S. S.; Sutherland, M. L.; Sebastian, S. E.; Artacho, E.; Grosche, F. M.; Hadzibabic, Z.

    2012-11-01

    , Kyushu G. R. Stewart, Gainesville C. Di Castro, Rome R. Osborn, Chicago H. Takagi, Tokyo M. Eremets, Mainz S. Ovchnikov, Krasnoyarsk L. Taillefer, Sherbrooke M. Fiebig, Bonn C. Panagopoulos, Singapore & Heraklion J. D. Thompson, Los Alamos Z. FiskIrvine S. Paschen, Vienna Y. Tokura, Tokyo J. Flouquet, Grenoble C. Pfleiderer, Munich K. Ueda, Tokyo P. Fulde, Dresden P. Phillips, Urbana C. M. Varma, Riverside A. Geim, Manchester D. Pines, Davis T. Vojta, Rolla J.C. Gomez-Sal, Santander T. V. Ramakrishnan, Bangalore N.L. Wang, Beijing A. Kavokin, Southampton A.K. Raychaudhuri, Calcutta T. Xiang, Beijing J. Goodenough, Austin M. Reifers, Kosice L. Yu, Beijing H. Hosono, Tokyo P. Riseborough, Philadelphia F. C. Zhang, Hong Kong S. Julian, Toronto M. L Saboungi, Orleans G. Zwicknagl, Braunschweig Operational Team Anson Cheung (co-ordinator)Hyeong Jin KimPaul Nahai-Williamson Beng Tan (co-ordinator)Jack GillettPeter Logg Cheng Liu (co-ordinator)Jo WensleyPrajakti Kalra Swee K. Goh (co-ordinator)Jonathan SilverRichard Brierley Adam HalskiLara SibleyRobert Hay Edd CavannaLeona HopeSeb Haines Felix NissenLina KlintbergSitikantha Das Gareth ConduitMarianne BauerStephen Rowley Gerie LonzarichMatt BurgessSven Friedemann Greg LeverMuhammad Ahsan ZebYang Zou Hannah PriceNick BristoweYiqian Xu Haruka TaniguchiOleksandr PoplavskyyZhuo Feng

  12. Editorial

    AHM Zahirul Alam

    2018-06-01

    SYNTHESIS OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES USING SAGO (METROXYLON SAGU VIA AUTOCLAVING METHOD......178 Aliyah Jamaludin, Che Ku Mohammad Faizal EFFECT OF ALKALINE TREATMENT ON PROPERTIES OF RATTAN WASTE AND FABRICATED BINDERLESS PARTICLEBOARD....185 Zuraida Ahmad, Maisarah Tajuddin, Nurul Farhana Fatin Salim, Zahurin Halim AMORPHOUS STRUCTURE IN CU-ZN-V-AL OXIDE COMPOSITE CATALYST FOR METHANOL REFORMING..... 197 Mohd Sabri Mahmud, Zahira Yaakob, Abu Bakar Mohamad, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Vo Nguyen Dai Viet PERFORMANCE OF ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE MACHINING (EDM WITH NICKEL ADDED DIELECTRIC FLUID....215 Ahsan Ali Khan, Muataz Hazza Faizi Al Hazza, A K M Mohiuddin, Nurfatihah Abdul Fattah,  Mohd Radzi Che Daud ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION OF DURIAN SKIN NANOFIBRE BIOCOMPOSITE.......................................... 233 Siti Nur E’zzati Mohd Apandi, Hazleen Anuar, Siti Munirah Salimah Abdul Rashid MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING A REVIEW ON RHEOLOGY OF NON-NEWTONIAN PROPERTIES OF BLOOD....................................................... 237 Esmaeel Fatahian, Naser Kordani, Hossein Fatahian NUMERICAL STUDY OF THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FUEL OIL-ALUMINA AND WATER-.......................... 250 Hossein Fatahian, Hesamoddin Salarian, Majid Eshagh Nimvari, Esmaeel Fatahian A PARAMETRIC STUDY ON CONTROL OF FLOW SEPARATION OVER AN AIRFOIL IN INCOMPRESSIBLE REGIME....270 Lakshmanan Prabhu, Jonnalagadda Srinivas OPTIMIZATION OF BOX TYPE GIRDER WITH AND WITHOUT INDUSTRIAL CONSTRAINTS................................ 289 Muhammad Abid, Shahbaz Mahmood Khan, Hafiz Abdul Wajid

  13. EDITORIAL: Lectures from the European RTN Winter School on Strings, Supergravity and Gauge Theories, CERN, 21 25 January 2008

    Derendinger, J.-P.; Orlando, D.; Uranga, A.

    2008-11-01

    been limited by the difficulties of quantizing the worldsheet theory in the presence of RR backgrounds. There is increasing hope that these difficulties can be overcome, using the pure spinor formulation of string theory. The lectures by Yaron Oz overview the present status of this proposal. The gauge/gravity correspondence is already leading to important insights into questions of quantum gravity, like the entropy of black holes and its interpretation in terms of microstates. These questions can be addressed in string theory, for certain classes of supersymmetric black holes. The lectures by Vijay Balasubramanian, Jan de Boer, Sheer El-Showk and Ilies Messamah review recent progress in this direction. Throughout the years, formal developments in string theory have systematically led to improved understanding on how it may relate to nature. In this respect, the lectures by Henning Samtleben describe how the formal developments on gauged supergravities can be used to describe compactification vacua in string theory, and their implications for moduli stabilization and supersymmetry breaking. Indeed, softly broken supersymmetry is one of the leading proposals to describe particle physics at the TeV energy range, as described in the lectures by Gian Giudice (not covered in this issue). This connection with TeV scale physics is most appropriate and timely, given that this energy range will shortly become experimentally accessible in the LHC at CERN. The conference was financially supported by the European Commission under contract MRTN-CT-2004-005104 and by CERN. It was jointly organized by the Physics Institute of the University of Neuchâtel and the Theory Unit of the Physics Division of CERN. It is a great pleasure for us to warmly thank the Theory Unit of CERN for its very kind hospitality and for the high quality of the assistance and the infrastructure that it has provided. We also acknowledge helpful administrative assistance from the Physics Institute of the

  14. The geographical conditions of intensity of salty waters intrusions to coastal lakes on Polish Southern Baltic coast

    Cieslinski, R.

    2009-04-01

    geographical conditions, especially on hydrographical and hydrological ones, which determine their variability and distribution. The objects of research have been chosen to be the two largest coastal lakes in the Polish section of the southern Baltic shore, i.e. Łebsko and Gardno. References: Ataie-Ashtiani, B., Volkerand, R.E., Lockington, D.A. (1999) Tidal effects on sea water intrusion in unconfined aquifers, Journal of Hydrology, 216 (1-2), 17-31. Cieśliński R., Drwal J. (2005) Quasi - estuary processes and consequences for human activity, South Baltic, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 62, 477 - 485. De Louw, P., Oude Essink, G. (2001) Salinisation of the northern coastel area of the netherlands due to land subsidence and sea level rise. In: Vijay P. Singh (eds), Coastal Environment and Water Quality (ed. by Y. Jun Xu & V. P. Singh), 424 - 434. Water Resources Publications. Demirel, Z. (2004) The history and evaluation of saltwater intrusion into a coastal aquifer in Mersin, Turkey, Journal of Environmental Management, 70 (3), 275-282. Drwal, J., Cieśliński, R. (2007) Coastal lakes and marine intrusions on the southern Baltic coast, Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, XXXVI (2), 61 - 75. Grassi, S., Netti, R. (2000) Sea water intrusion and mercury pollution of some coastal aquifers in the province of Grosseto (Southern Tuscany — Italy), Journal of Hydrology, 237 (3-4), 198-211. Hsing-Juh, L., Xiao-Xun, D., Kwang-Tsao, S., Huei-Meei, S., Wen-Tseng, L., Hwey-Lian, H., Lee-Shing, F., Jia-Jang, H. (2006) Trophic structure and functioning in a eutrophic and poorly flushed lagoon in southwestern Taiwan, Marine environmental research, 62 (1), 61-82. Ishitobi, Y., Kamiya, H., Yokoyama, K., Kumagai, M., Okuda, S. (1999) Physical Conditions of Saline Water Intrusion into a Coastal Lagoon, Lake Shinji, Japanese Journal of Limnology, 4, 439-452. Uncles, R. J. , Stephens, J. A., Smith, R. E. (2002) The dependence of estuarine turbidity on tidal intrusion length

  15. PREFACE: International Symposium on `Vacuum Science and Technology' (IVS 2007)

    Mittal, K. C.; Gupta, S. K.

    2008-03-01

    Chandrachoodan, P.P. BRNS Desai, Tushar Mumbai Univ. Dhamija, Lokesh BOC Edwards Dixit, Anand New Poona Ind. Gadkari, S.C. BARC Gantayet, L.M BARC Gupta, A.C. NPL Gupta, S.K. BARC (Co Convener) Handu, V.K. BARC Jathar, Rajendra Varian Joshi, S.N. CEERI Korgaonkar, A.V. IVS Kotaiah, S. CAT Kumar, Vijay BARC Matkar, A.W. BARC Mittal, K.C. BARC (Convener) Nema, P.K. BRNS Pandit, V.S. VEC Puranik, S.G. Ashwani Enterprises Puri, R.R. BARC Ranga Rao, Y. Vac. Techniques Sabharwal, Rajat Alcatel Sakhamuri, Prashant HHV Bangalore Sanyal, T. NFC Sarkar, S.K. TIFR Sarma, K.R. Atomic Vacuum Saxena, Y.C. IPR Sharma, B.P. BARC Shukla, S.K. RRCAT Singh, R.P. BARC Suri, A.K. BARC Suthar ,R.L. BARC Venugopa,l V. BARC Vyavahare, Mohan Ultimate Technologies Yakhmi, J.V. BARC

  16. EDITORIAL: Focus on Heart and Mind

    Bodenschatz, Eberhard; Wolf, Fred

    2008-01-01

    ädter, I Gerdes and H Engel 'Mind' contributions Eigenanalysis of a neural network for optic flow processing F Weber, H Eichner, H Cuntz and A Borst Time-warp invariant pattern detection with bursting neurons Tim Gollisch Leader neurons in population bursts of 2D living neural networks J-P Eckmann, Shimshon Jacobi, Shimon Marom, Elisha Moses and Cyrille Zbinden Decoding spatiotemporal spike sequences via the finite state automata dynamics of spiking neural networks Dezhe Z Jin Self-organization and the selection of pinwheel density in visual cortical development Matthias Kaschube, Michael Schnabel and Fred Wolf Free association transitions in models of cortical latching dynamics Eleonora Russo, Vijay M K Namboodiri, Alessandro Treves and Emilio Kropff The mechanism of synchronization in feed-forward neuronal networks S Goedeke and M Diesmann On diffusion processes with variable drift rates as models for decision making during learning P Eckhoff, P Holmes, C Law, P M Connolly and J I Gold

  17. PERSPECTIVE: Waorani at the head of the table: towards inclusive conservation in Yasuní

    McSweeney, Kendra; Pearson, Zoe

    2009-09-01

    the difference between them, let alone find the time and breathing room to help develop their own collective initiatives and political positions free from outsider influence. Building on the points above, a third imperative is to be patient. Effective conservation alliances evolve slowly and painstakingly. Flashy, short-term conservation successes are too often eroded in the long term by inattention to the priorities of (indigenous) residents who will collectively endure long beyond the lifespan of any single organization, budget cycle, or state entity. In Yasuní, this means that effective conservation initiatives must be built, from their inception forward, on meaningful dialogue from a range of Waorani to capture the breadth of their priorities. Some conservation groups are making great gains in this direction, but it is important to remember that there is a difference between programmatic inclusion of Waorani (i.e., ensuring their input into a project) and the programmatic prioritization of Waorani's autonomously-defined goals (see also Chapin 2004). The latter is not easy. Collaborators will find their alliances strained, frustrating, contentious, 'political', and probably more trouble than they appear to be worth. But the task will be made more manageable if outsiders accept their actions as the power plays that they are, expect such challenges, budget money and time for them, and enlist personnel trained to facilitate inter-cultural dialogue so that Waorani desires are properly understood. Any other approaches risk long-term alienation of the only stakeholder with a demonstrated multi-generational commitment to Yasuní. References Chapin M 2004 A challenge to conservationists World Watch (Nov/Dec) 17-31 Finer M, Vijay V, Ponce F, Jenkins C N and Kahn T R 2009 Ecuador's Yasuní Biosphere Reserve: a brief modern history and conservation challenges Environ. Res. Lett. 4 034005 Hale C R 2001 What is activist research? Items & Issues 2(1-2) 13-15 High C 2006

  18. From the Editor

    Ugur Demiray

    2013-10-01

    tell the story of the lived experiences of the participants. The setting for the study was a state university in Utah, with the six participants being declared, undergraduate emergency services majors that underwent a 15-week distance learning servant leadership class. The literature review acknowledged the problem of bureaucracy within the emergency services and identified the practice of servant leadership as a possibility for overcoming the often-bureaucratic approach towards leadership. In addition, the literature review identified commonalities between established constructs of servant leadership and the emergency services. The findings of the study seem to demonstrate that undergoing a class on servant leadership left lasting impressions on becoming a servant leader and overall was a positive experience for the student. This study’s findings add to the existing body of knowledge associated with servant leadership within emergency service academia. The 3rd article from India which is written on “ETHICAL ISSUES IN OPEN ANDDISTANCE EDUCATION WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO EXPECTATIONS AND REALITY”, written by S. N. Vikram RAJ URS (Coresponding Author, T. S. HARSHA and Vijay RAJU B . This current study investigated that distance learner may be suffering from a sense of isolation as he/she makes a return to study after a gap of time or while working. It is there that the distance educator makes a positive, ethical and interventionist role by helping the student to learn beyond the stereotypical classroom situation and can act effectively as the friend, philosopher and guide of the learner. Thus practicing what you preach is the moto of ethics in distance. Some of the more important ethical concerns associated with open and distance learning are not those that may be faced by learners. Instead, the challenges faced by those that design ODL or use it in their teaching can be seen as increasingly important. These challenges include globalization, which has emphasized

  19. From Editor

    Ugur Demiray

    2013-10-01

    the story of the lived experiences of the participants. The setting for the study was a state university in Utah, with the six participants being declared, undergraduate emergency services majors that underwent a 15-week distance learning servant leadership class. The literature review acknowledged the problem of bureaucracy within the emergency services and identified the practice of servant leadership as a possibility for overcoming the often-bureaucratic approach towards leadership. In addition, the literature review identified commonalities between established constructs of servant leadership and the emergency services. The findings of the study seem to demonstrate that undergoing a class on servant leadership left lasting impressions on becoming a servant leader and overall was a positive experience for the student. This study’s findings add to the existing body of knowledge associated with servant leadership within emergency service academia. The 3rd article from India which is written on “ETHICAL ISSUES IN OPEN ANDDISTANCE EDUCATION WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO EXPECTATIONS AND REALITY”, written by S. N. Vikram RAJ URS (Coresponding Author, T. S. HARSHA and Vijay RAJU B P.This current study investigated that distance learner may be suffering from a sense of isolation as he/she makes a return to study after a gap of time or while working. It is there that the distance educator makes a positive, ethical and interventionist role by helping the student to learn beyond the stereotypical classroom situation and can act effectively as the friend, philosopher and guide of the learner. Thus practicing what you preach is the moto of ethics in distance. Some of the more important ethical concerns associated with open and distance learning are not those that may be faced by learners. Instead, the challenges faced by those that design ODL or use it in their teaching can be seen as increasingly important. These challenges include globalization, which has emphasized