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Sample records for agamous controls giant

  1. Molecular dissection of the AGAMOUS control region shows that cis elements for spatial regulation are located intragenically.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sieburth, L E; Meyerowitz, E M

    1997-03-01

    AGAMOUS (AG) is an Arabidopsis MADS box gene required for the normal development of the internal two whorls of the flower. AG RNA accumulates in distinct patterns early and late in flower development, and several genes have been identified as regulators of AG gene expression based on altered AG RNA accumulation in mutants. To understand AG regulatory circuits, we are now identifying cis regulatory domains by characterizing AG::beta-glucuronidase (GUS) gene fusions. These studies show that a normal AG::GUS staining pattern is conferred by a 9.8-kb region encompassing 6 kb of upstream sequences and 3.8 kb of intragenic sequences. Constructs lacking the 3.8-kb intragenic sequences confer a GUS staining pattern that deviates both spatially and temporally from normal AG expression. The GUS staining patterns in the mutants for the three negative regulators of AG, apetala2, leunig, and curly leaf, showed the predicted change of expression for the construct containing the intragenic sequences, but no significant change was observed for the constructs lacking this intragenic region. These results suggest that intragenic sequences are essential for AG regulation and that these intragenic sequences contain the ultimate target sites for at least some of the known regulatory molecules. PMID:9090880

  2. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-05-0014 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0014 ATTTTGGATATACGGACGTCACACGAGTCataataatagtaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataacgataataataataataataattataataataataataataatactaataataatcataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataaaaatcataataataattataataataataacaaaaataataataataatcataataatg ...

  3. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-03-0051 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0051 taataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataacaataataatattaaaattaataataataaaaataatcataataataataataatattaaaattaataataat...aaaaataatcataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaagtaataataataataaaagtaataataataatagtaataattataataataataataattataataaaatattataa ...

  4. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-04-0127 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0127 ATCCATCAGCTGCGataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataat...aataataataattataataataatgataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataattataataataatgataataataataataaaaataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataatagtaataataat...agtaataataataataataaaaataataataataataatcatcatcatcataataattatattaataataataataataataataataataataataat ...

  5. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-05-0029 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0029 taataaaaataataataataataataataatagtaataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataatactattaataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataat...aataacaataataataataaaaataataataataataataattataataattataataataataataatactgatagtaataataataataataataataataataat...gataaaataagaataataataatagtaataataataatacagtggagcgccgtttatccgggcttctcgggtcttgacctcgcacggataagcgaataa ...

  6. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-05-0057 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0057 CTTTTCCCCGAGTTACTAAAACtaataataataacaataataaaaacaaatataaataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataatagcaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataaaaataaaaataataataataataataataaaaataataatagcaat

  7. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-03-0029 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0029 CTTATGCCAGCTGGATAACTTTCGGAATAaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataatcataataataataTTTCTCTTAAATTATTATCTCTTCTTCTTAATTAA ...

  8. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-01-0035 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0035 ATTtaataataataataacaaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...gataataataataataatgatgatgatgataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatactaataataaAACC ...

  9. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-05-0047 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0047 tccgccaaccgtaaaacgcttggtcgttacaataataataatcataataataataataataacaataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataatattaataacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataatgataataataaaattactaaaataataataatgacgataataaaaataaaatttataataataataca ...

  10. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-02-0039 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0039 CCAAAACAAAACCGACTGCATTAAAAAGATGtaataataagaaaaaggttaataaaaataacatttataataataataatagtaataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaat...actaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataatagtaataataataataataattattattattatagtaataataattcta ...

  11. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-05-0038 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0038 CTTACGCCAGCTGGATAACTTTCGGAATAaataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aatattaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataatactaataatactaataatactaataatTACATATTCACATCTATCTTCTGA ...

  12. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-01-0036 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0036 ATGACACTGAAAAAATGGAGGAAAAAACatactaataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataTCACAAGGACAACCAATGA ...

  13. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-03-0000 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0000 ATGGCATCATGTGCATGTGTTATCAATTTTGATTataataataatgattattgtaataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatagtaataataataataataataat...aatgataatgataataataataataataataataataataatgataatgataataataataataataataataatgataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataatcataataataataataataataataataataataattattataataatattaataataataataataataataataataatattaataat ...

  14. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-01-0031 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0031 aataatagttataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataatactaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataatactaatcataataatactaataataataatcaaaataataataataatgataacaataataataataataataataataataataacaacaacaaaataataataaaaataattatcataataaatataaaaatttaa ...

  15. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-01-0035 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0035 ctccacagtcttctggaatcgattccggatagtaggtccggaatcagtttccggaatcgattccggaatcggctccggaatcggaatcg...actccggaattggttccggaatcgaaacagaatcggaactggctcccgaattgattccagaatcggctccggaattgaaatctgttccggaatcgtctccggaatcg...gatctataattgattccggaatcggctccggaatcgactccagaatcgactccggaatcggctccggaatcggaatcgattccagcgtcggaatcggctccggaattgattccgaacacggaatcggaatcgg ...

  16. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-07-0046 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0046 tcaacaccggaatcggctccggagccaactccggaatcggctccgaaatcggctccggaatcggttccggaatcggctccggaatcg...gctccggaatcgactccggaatcggctccggaatcgactccggaatcggctccggaatcggctccggaatcggaatcgattccagcatcggaatcggctccggAATTGATTCCCAACACGGAATCGGAATCGG ...

  17. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-04-0023 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0023 ATCCAGATAACAACTGAGAAATTTAAATCATTAAATGTTTTCAATACCaataataataataacaaaaattataataataataatggtaat...aataataataataataataatgataataataataataataataataattataataataataacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatactaataataacaataattataataataatgataataataaaaataatagtaataataat...aataataataataataaaaataaaaataatgataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaat...aataaaaatacaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataatcataataataatTTTATT ...

  18. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-01-0020 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0020 TATTATTTataataataataacaataataataacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatgataataat...aatgataatgataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataacaataatgataataataattataataacaataataataatgataaaaattataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataatactaataatcatcatcatcatcatcataataataataatagtaataataat...aataataataataataaaaacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataacaataataataataataataataat

  19. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-01-0092 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0092 atttaataatgataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataa...caataacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaattaat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaattaataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataatgatgatcataatgataataataataataacaataataataataaCTTGGTAGATATTG

  20. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-05-0052 [SEVENS

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    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0052 CAATCTTTATTTGTATtaataataataatagtaataataataataataataataataatgataataataataataaaaataataataat...agtaataataataaaaataataataataataataatgataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataaaaataataataataataatgataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aaaataataataataataataataataatactaataataataataataataataataatgataataatattaataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatattaataataataataataat

  1. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-04-0022 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0022 ttaaaaaaacaataataataataatgataataataataataataataataataataatgataataataataataataataataataat...gataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatgataagaatagttataataataagaataataaatataataataat...aatagtaataataataataataataataatggtaaaaaaaataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataaaaaataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataatagtaataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatattaatTTTATTGTATTCGACGAAATGGATATACATTGA ...

  2. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-02-0086 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0086 ATGGGTGataataataataataataaaaataataatactaataaaaataataataataatagtaacaataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataatattattattattattaataataataataataatagtaataataacaataataataataataataat...aatattagtaataataacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatagcaataataattataataataataattataataataaaaataataataataataat

  3. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-04-0055 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0055 ATGTCCGTTAAAGTAAATACTCataataataataatagtaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataatactaatactaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatactaatactaataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataatagtaataataataataataataataataataataataa...aaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat

  4. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-05-0020 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0020 tcctgcgagttgacgactgtacTGTTATTAAAAATTCtaataataataataaaaatagtaataataataataataataataataaaaat...actaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataattataataaaaataattataataaaaataaataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataaaaataatgataataataataataataataacgataataataataatgaaaatgataataaaaataaaaataataat...catcacattaataataataatcatcataaaaataataataataaaaataataataataatcataattttaatcataattgtaat...aataataataagaattattattatcatgttaatattaacaatacttacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat

  5. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-05-0018 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0018 aataatgaaaatcataatgaaaataataataaaaataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataatcatcatcatcatattaataataatagtaataataatattaataataataataataataataataatagtaataat...aataaaaagaataataaaatcaataataataataataaaaataattataaaaataataatattaatattaataataataattataataataataatagatattat...tattattattattattattataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataattataatacttataattataat...cataataataataatTATTATTCTTCTTCTTCTTCATTGGCACAACAACCGTTGTCGGTCAAGGCCTGCCTGTACCCACTA ...

  6. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-01-0000 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0000 atgataataataattataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataaaatacaataatagtaataataataataat...gaaattaataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataatgataataaaaataataataatattaataataataaaaatattattattaataataataat...aataataataataatcataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataatCTTCTTCTTCTTCTTCTTTGGCTCAACAACCGATGTCGGTCAAGGCCTGCCTGTACCCACTTGTGGGCTTGGCTTTCAGTGACTAATTGA ...

  7. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-04-0041 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0041 ATGACTTTACGCCAaataataaacataaaaataataaaaacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataatattcctaataataataataaaaatattactaataataacaataataataataaaaataaaaataataataataataataataaaaatattactgataat...aacaataataataataataataataaaattaatattaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaattaataattttaataat...aataataatattaataataataataatataaataattataataataattatcataataataataataataataataataat...aattataattataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaatattcctaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat

  8. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-05-0048 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0048 attattattaataaaaataataattataataatcataataataataataataatgataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatattaataataataat...aatattaatgttattattattaataaaaataataattataataatcataataataataataataatgataataataataat...aataataataatgtaacgtccggactaatatcgcccactgtgcactcaacccgaaccccgcacgcagcg ...

  9. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-03-0061 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0061 ATTGAAAGGataataataataataataataataataataataataataatgataatataaataataataaaaataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataatactaataataataataataataataatactaataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataatactaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatgatataaataataataataataataataataataatatcat...taataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatagtaataataataataataataataataataat

  10. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-04-0081 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0081 atgaaaaacaataataataataataataataataaaaattataataataataataataataacaataaaaaagataataataataataat...aataataataagaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataagaataagaataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataatagtaataataataataatataaataataataataataataataataataataaaaattataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aatactaatagtaataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatgataat...agtaataaaaataataacaataataataTTGCTTCTTCTTATATTTTGGAATCTCATTCCGAA ...

  11. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-03-0020 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0020 ATGTTTATCAAACAACCGCTAGTTGTATTTTTTATAGCTTTGCTCAAAACTTTCaataataataatagtaatattcataataacaa...cacttataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataacaataatattgataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatagtaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataacactaataataataataatgtaaataataattataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataatgatagtaataacaataataatgatagtaataataaaaatGTTTTTTTAAGATTATAA ...

  12. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-07-0015 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0015 atgacaataatcataaaaataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataagagtaatagtaat...cataataataataagagtaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataaaaataataataataattataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aatgacaataatcataaaaataatcataaaaataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataa...gagtaataataatcataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataacaataataataataataataataataataataataataat

  13. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-02-0111 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0111 ATGATTTatagtaataatattaaaacgatggtaaatgataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataatagtaataatgatgataacaattatgataataataataataataatcataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataatgataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaATCAAAGTTATAA ...

  14. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-07-0065 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gaagaagaagaagaagaaaaagaagaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aattataataataaaaataataatactaataaaaattttaataactacacttatataaataatactaataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataaaaattataataataataacaataacaataataataataataataataataataaaaattataataatagtaaaaat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatattttttttattcagtag ... ...CBRC-AGAM-07-0065 GCAGGCCTAGACCGACATCGGTTGTTGAGCCAaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaagaa

  15. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-03-0052 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0052 atGTACAAGATGTTCAAGATTCAAGataataataataatagtaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatagtaataataataatattactaat...aattataataatcataatattaataatgataataataaaaatagtaataataaaaatagtaataataataatattaataataattatgataatcataataataataat...aataataatataattataataataataataataataataaaacttattataataataataattgtaataataatattcat...aaaaataataataacaataataataatattaatgagaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat

  16. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-02-0068 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0068 tttttataataataatactaataataataatactaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataattataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataattataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatCTAATTGCGAGAATGATTTACACTCTTCCCGCAAA ...

  17. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-01-0007 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0007 ataatacaaaataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatgataattataat...aataattataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatattaataat...aataattataataataatattaataattataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...agtaataataataataataataataataataataataataataatagtaataataataataataataataataataataataat...aatgacaataataaAAGTTTTTTAATAATGATTGCGGTTCATCGCTGCACACAATGTACATCGAAGCTATAA ...

  18. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-07-0075 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0075 TAAAAAGaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataatattaatgataataatagtaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aaaaataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataacaataataacaataataataataataataataataataataataataataaAATCTGCATCCATTGTTGTCTAAC ...

  19. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-01-0032 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0032 atgatagttataataataataataataataataataataataataatgataataataataaggattaaaatgataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataaaaataataatcataataataataataataataataataataataataataataattataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatcataataaaaataataataataattataataataaaaat...aataataataataataataataataataatgataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataattataat...aataataataataataataataacaataataataataataataataataataataataataatattaataataataataataataataataataataataataataat

  20. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-04-0044 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0044 taataataataataataacattaataataataacaataaaaatacgaataataatgataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataaaattaataatattaataataataaatgtaattataataaaaatattaatattaataataataataataat...aataataataataatataataataataaAATTGAAAAAAAGTATTACAATAAAGTTTCGTTTGTTTTTGGAGCGTCTTCAAGCAGCACCTGAAAATTTCGTCTAA ...

  1. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-04-0046 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0046 gccgtgatgacctaattaataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatgataatgataataataat...aataatcagaagaagaataataataaCATCTGTTTGGTTTTTGATCAAATTGAATTTGTTGATCGGAAACGGTGA ...

  2. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-04-0033 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0033 ATTCGTAGTTCCACAGTTTataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataa...gaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataagaaataataataataataagaaaaaataataataataataataataaaaataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataaaaat...aataataatatttataataataaaaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatattagtaataaaaataataataaaaataat

  3. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-04-0090 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0090 atgcaaatcttgtttttgttatgtttttttaatgaactgttacatcttaataaggccatacggcccgttgaagattaaATtaataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatcataataataataataataatcataataataataataatcataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatcataataataat...aataataataataataataataatcataataataatcataataataatcataataataataatcataataataataataatcataataataataataataataataat

  4. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-02-0142 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0142 ATGAAAAATAAAATCTTTTCAGAAaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataaaaataataataaaaataataataacaataataaatataataataataaaaataaaaataat...aataataatactaacaataataataaaataataataataataattataatattaataataataataaacataataataacaataattataataataataataataat...aattccaataaaaaataataataataataataataatcagaataataatgataataataataataataataacaaaaataa...caataataataataattataataataataataataatcatactaataataatcataataataataataataatcatcataatcataataataataataataataataat

  5. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-03-0018 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0018 ATGCGTCAAAAATACATAATAAGATTAaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataacagatataataataataataacaataTTATTGAAAATCAAGA

  6. Exon: CBRC-AGAM-02-0106 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0106 TAaataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatgataatgataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataataatgataatgataataataataataataataataataataataat...aataataataataataataataataatactaataataataataNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN ...

  7. Mapping the Anopheles gambiae Odorant Binding Protein 1 (AgamOBP1) using modeling techniques, site directed mutagenesis, circular dichroism and ligand binding assays

    OpenAIRE

    Rusconi, B.; Maranhao, A.C.; Fuhrer, J P; Krotee, P.; Choi, S. H.; Grun, F; Thireou, T; Dimitratos, S.D.; Woods, D F; Marinotti, O.; Walter, M.F.; Eliopoulos, E.

    2012-01-01

    The major malaria vector in Sub-Saharan Africa is the Anopheles gambiae mosquito. This species is a key target of malaria control measures. Mosquitoes find humans primarily through olfaction, yet the molecular mechanisms associated with host-seeking behavior remain largely unknown. To further understand the functionality of A. gambiae odorant binding protein 1 (AgamOBP1), we combined in silico protein structure modeling and site-directed mutagenesis to generate 16 AgamOBP1 protein analogues c...

  8. Research on Simulation of Giant Forging Hydraulic Press Decoupling Control for Synchronous Control System

    OpenAIRE

    Xinliang Liu; Yingjian Deng; Zhongwei Liu

    2013-01-01

    A giant forging hydraulic press active synchronous control system is a mutually-coupled multi-input and multi-output system. To solve the elimination of the multi-channel interference, a multiple-input and multiple-output mathematical model center on active-beam is established; multi-channel synchronous decoupling control strategy is studied. The simulation results show that: the system eliminates the role of strong interference between multi-channel accesses to very good inhibitory effect of...

  9. DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONTROL METHODOLOGY OF THE GIANT MAGNETOSTRICTIVE ACTUATOR BASED ON MAGNETIC FLUX DENSITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jia Zhenyuan; Yang Xing; Shi Chun; Guo Dongming

    2003-01-01

    According to the principle of the magnetostriction generating mechanism, the control model of giant magnetostriction material based on magnetic field and the control method with magnetic flux density are developed. Furthermore, this control method is used to develop a giant magnetostrictive micro-displacement actuator (GMA) and its driving system. Two control methods whose control variables are current intensity and magnetic flux density are compared with each other by experimental studies. Finally, effective methods on improving the linearity and control precision of micro-displacement actuator and reducing the hysteresis based on the controlling magnetic flux density are obtained.

  10. Research on Simulation of Giant Forging Hydraulic Press Decoupling Control for Synchronous Control System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinliang Liu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A giant forging hydraulic press active synchronous control system is a mutually-coupled multi-input and multi-output system. To solve the elimination of the multi-channel interference, a multiple-input and multiple-output mathematical model center on active-beam is established; multi-channel synchronous decoupling control strategy is studied. The simulation results show that: the system eliminates the role of strong interference between multi-channel accesses to very good inhibitory effect of synchronization error, eliminating the system's external disturbance on the synchronization precision control impact.

  11. Size control of giant unilamellar vesicles prepared from inverted emulsion droplets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishimura, Kazuya; Suzuki, Hiroaki; Toyota, Taro; Yomo, Tetsuya

    2012-06-15

    The production of giant lipid vesicles with controlled size and structure will be an important technology in the design of quantitative biological assays in cell-mimetic microcompartments. For establishing size control of giant vesicles, we investigated the vesicle formation process, in which inverted emulsion droplets are transformed into giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) when they pass through an oil/water interface. The relationship between the size of the template emulsion and the converted GUVs was studied using inverted emulsion droplets with a narrow size distribution, which were prepared by microfluidics. We successfully found an appropriate centrifugal acceleration condition to obtain GUVs that had a desired size and narrow-enough size distribution with an improved yield so that emulsion droplets can become the template for GUVs. PMID:22444482

  12. Giant Controllable Magnetization Changes Induced by Structural Phase Transitions in a Metamagnetic Artificial Multiferroic

    OpenAIRE

    Bennett, S. P.; A. T. Wong; Glavic, A.; Herklotz, A.; Urban, C; Valmianski, I.; Biegalski, M. D.; Christen, H. M.; Ward, T. Z.; Lauter, V.

    2016-01-01

    The realization of a controllable metamagnetic transition from AFM to FM ordering would open the door to a plethora of new spintronics based devices that, rather than reorienting spins in a ferromagnet, harness direct control of a materials intrinsic magnetic ordering. In this study FeRh films with drastically reduced transition temperatures and a large magneto-thermal hysteresis were produced for magnetocaloric and spintronics applications. Remarkably, giant controllable magnetization change...

  13. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0010 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0010 U C UNKNOWN ARCD_SHIFL 6e-83 63% ref|YP_857311.1| arginine/ornithine antiporte ... r [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3938 ... 6.1| arginine/ornithine antiporter [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 1e-135 98% ...

  14. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0002 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0002 U C UNKNOWN YBJE_ECOLI 1e-64 48% ref|YP_856219.1| hypothetical protein AHA_168 ... 3 [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3988 ... 0.1| putative membrane protein [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 1e-138 98% ...

  15. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0060 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0060 U C UNKNOWN YDAM_ECOLI 2e-11 43% ref|YP_857304.1| diguanylate cyclase/phosphod ... iesterase domain 1 [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3955 ... 1| diguanylate cyclase/phosphodiesterase domain 1 [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 0.0 98% gn ...

  16. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 U C UNKNOWN MARC_SHIFL 3e-45 43% ref|YP_854944.1| hypothetical protein AHA_041 ... 5 [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3815 ... 8.1| conserved hypothetical protein [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 1e-131 99% ...

  17. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0058 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0058 U C UNKNOWN NUOL_PSEAE 1e-141 70% ref|YP_856308.1| NADH-quinone oxidoreductase ... chain l [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3820 ... 2.1| NADH-quinone oxidoreductase chain l [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 0.0 98% gn ...

  18. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0048 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0048 Novel U C UNKNOWN KEFA_ECOLI 1e-107 53% ref|YP_857555.1| potassium efflux syst ... em KefA [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3654 ... 5.1| potassium efflux system KefA [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 0.0 90% gn ...

  19. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0061 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0061 U C UNKNOWN FSR_ECOLI 1e-112 63% ref|YP_854581.1| fosmidomycin resistance prot ... ein [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3917 ... 4.1| fosmidomycin resistance protein [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 0.0 98% gn ...

  20. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0021 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0021 U C UNKNOWN NHAA_ECOLI 3e-69 60% ref|YP_855218.1| Na+/H+ antiporter NhaA [Aeromonas ... ATCC 7966] gb|ABK38348.1| Na+/H+ antiporter NhaA [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 1e-126 99% ...

  1. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0056 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0056 U C UNKNOWN POTI_ECOLI 7e-93 64% ref|YP_858557.1| putrescine ABC transporter, ... permease protein PotI [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3795 ... putrescine ABC transporter, permease protein PotI [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 1e-153 100 ...

  2. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0016 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0016 U C UNKNOWN MDTL_VIBPA 2e-11 32% ref|YP_855389.1| chloramphenicol resistance p ... rotein [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3699 ... 6.1| chloramphenicol resistance protein [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 1e-111 99% ...

  3. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0142 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0142 Novel 2R B UNKNOWN AAC2_DICDI 8e-45 49% ref|XP_001134496.1| NDT80/PhoG like DNA ... ium discoideum AX4] gb|EAS66813.1| NDT80/PhoG like DNA -binding domain-containing protein [Dictyostelium d ...

  4. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0035 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0035 2R C UNKNOWN COX15_BOVIN 1e-88 59% ref|XP_321341.3| AGAP001744-PA [Anopheles g ... 25BB08 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX016818 /gi=27566038 /ug=Aga.23783 ...

  5. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0147 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0147 2R C UNKNOWN FACR1_MOUSE 2e-62 41% ref|XP_313367.3| AGAP003607-PA [Anopheles g ... 14DB02 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX042648 /gi=27615929 /ug=Aga.27689 ...

  6. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-01-0102 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0102 2L C UNKNOWN MCLN3_MOUSE 1e-114 40% ref|XP_001687855.1| AGAP007710-PA [Anophel ... 11BC06 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX006707 /gi=27555927 /ug=Aga.3139 / ...

  7. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0084 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0084 Novel 2R B UNKNOWN PCLO_HUMAN 5e-05 62% ref|XP_001509470.1| PREDICTED: similar ... C1AD03 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX039301 /gi=27612582 /ug=Aga.178 /l ...

  8. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-04-0034 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0034 3R C UNKNOWN HM13_HUMAN 1e-123 61% ref|XP_319582.4| AGAP008838-PA [Anopheles g ... 11BF05 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX006770 /gi=27555990 /ug=Aga.44782 ...

  9. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-04-0040 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0040 Novel 3R C UNKNOWN NU2M_PICCA 8e-11 28% gb|AAA29909.1| ORF 3 7e-37 25% gnl|UG| ... 24BA12 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX048820 /gi=27622101 /ug=Aga.43502 ...

  10. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0022 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0022 Novel U C UNKNOWN Y874_HAEIN 6e-15 23% gb|AAR27964.1| putative O-antigen ligas ... C8CA02 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX071096 /gi=27644377 /ug=Aga.3905 / ...

  11. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-01-0089 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0089 Novel 2L D UNKNOWN YLLM_STAAU 0.034 23% ref|XP_001346176.1| PREDICTED: hypothe ... 17BC06 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX010794 /gi=27560014 /ug=Aga.24572 ...

  12. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0021 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0021 Novel 2R D UNKNOWN SRAP_STAHJ 4e-25 27% ref|XP_001078830.1| PREDICTED: hypothe ... C1AD03 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX039301 /gi=27612582 /ug=Aga.178 /l ...

  13. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0185 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0185 2R D UNKNOWN S17A5_HUMAN 1e-58 34% ref|XP_562148.3| AGAP004402-PA [Anopheles g ... 19DB07 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX045559 /gi=27618840 /ug=Aga.43629 ...

  14. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-04-0091 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0091 Novel 3R D UNKNOWN CE290_MOUSE 0.081 24% emb|CAJ14165.1| BEL12_AG transposon p ... 16AH02 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX043529 /gi=27616810 /ug=Aga.36905 ...

  15. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-01-0084 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0084 Novel 2L D UNKNOWN ZF64A_HUMAN 0.11 36% ref|XP_001623199.1| predicted protein ... 21CC07 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX014344 /gi=27563564 /ug=Aga.28177 ...

  16. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-01-0060 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0060 2L C UNKNOWN S35B3_DROME 1e-122 69% ref|XP_316536.4| AGAP006509-PA [Anopheles ... 18CB11 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX044719 /gi=27618000 /ug=Aga.7445 / ...

  17. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-01-0057 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0057 2L D UNKNOWN L259_DROME 1e-105 45% ref|XP_316463.3| AGAP006427-PA [Anopheles g ... 19DH04 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX012592 /gi=27561812 /ug=Aga.15248 ...

  18. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-05-0034 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0034 Novel X C UNKNOWN AMPG_ECOLI 4.1 29% gb|EDP19605.1| hypothetical protein CLOBO ... 39AF01 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX058636 /gi=27631917 /ug=Aga.2369 / ...

  19. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0117 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0117 2R A UNKNOWN LANC3_DROME 1e-102 51% ref|XP_312838.3| AGAP003148-PA [Anopheles ... 53CB01 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX069018 /gi=27642299 /ug=Aga.19858 ...

  20. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0039 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0039 Novel U D UNKNOWN TROP_HUMAN 3e-09 31% ref|XP_001631278.1| predicted protein [ ... 13CB07 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX008181 /gi=27557401 /ug=Aga.44740 ...

  1. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0085 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0085 Novel 2R C UNKNOWN MTL1_YEAST 9e-05 28% ref|XP_001478231.1| PREDICTED: hypothe ... C6CA12 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX069732 /gi=27643013 /ug=Aga.517 /l ...

  2. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-04-0072 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0072 Novel 3R C UNKNOWN HAPP_PHYPO 0.020 26% ref|XP_001073914.1| PREDICTED: hypothe ... 17BC06 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX010794 /gi=27560014 /ug=Aga.24572 ...

  3. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0158 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0158 Novel 2R B UNKNOWN TM16D_HUMAN 2.8 30% ref|ZP_01420534.1| conserved hypothetic ... 40BG09 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX060173 /gi=27633454 /ug=Aga.24321 ...

  4. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-01-0006 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0006 Novel 2L D UNKNOWN MDC1_MACMU 1e-05 24% gb|AAC48526.1| gastric mucin [Sus scro ... 18BE05 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX011484 /gi=27560704 /ug=Aga.29568 ...

  5. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-03-0082 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0082 Novel 3L D UNKNOWN WSC1_SCHPO 7e-13 34% gb|AAY29121.1| cement precursor protei ... C1AD03 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX039301 /gi=27612582 /ug=Aga.178 /l ...

  6. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-03-0023 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0023 Novel 3L B UNKNOWN Y1003_TREPA 0.13 25% ref|XP_001472026.1| PREDICTED: hypothe ... C1AD03 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX039301 /gi=27612582 /ug=Aga.178 /l ...

  7. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-05-0043 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0043 Novel X C UNKNOWN YCX7_YEAST 0.13 56% ref|XP_001062429.1| PREDICTED: hypotheti ... 18CE10 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX044781 /gi=27618062 /ug=Aga.43653 ...

  8. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0018 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0018 2R C UNKNOWN VGLX_EHV1V 1e-04 28% ref|XP_321807.3| AGAP001337-PA [Anopheles ga ... 10BG06 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX039909 /gi=27613190 /ug=Aga.33909 ...

  9. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0169 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0169 2R B UNKNOWN S22A5_HUMAN 4e-32 30% ref|XP_312978.3| AGAP004104-PA [Anopheles g ... 41CB05 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX027758 /gi=27601039 /ug=Aga.36025 ...

  10. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-03-0021 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0021 Novel 3L C UNKNOWN CROCC_MOUSE 0.008 23% ref|XP_001074123.1| PREDICTED: hypoth ... A3BD07 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX019905 /gi=27569125 /ug=Aga.27557 ...

  11. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0053 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0053 Novel U C UNKNOWN NU5M_TRYBB 0.17 36% ref|XP_001070682.1| PREDICTED: hypotheti ... 12DA09 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX007656 /gi=27556876 /ug=Aga.47582 ...

  12. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0064 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0064 U C UNKNOWN Y1246_HAEIN 1e-119 53% ref|YP_855025.1| sulfatase [Aeromonas hydro ... A5BG05 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX033798 /gi=27607079 /ug=Aga.25122 ...

  13. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0087 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0087 Novel 2R D UNKNOWN CPN_DROME 4e-04 28% gb|EDP06254.1| predicted protein [Chlam ... 40BE07 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX026908 /gi=27600189 /ug=Aga.34431 ...

  14. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-04-0111 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0111 3R B UNKNOWN NIPA2_BOVIN 1e-73 51% ref|XP_318951.3| AGAP009838-PA [Anopheles g ... 41BE02 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX027644 /gi=27600925 /ug=Aga.17450 ...

  15. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0188 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0188 2R C UNKNOWN COQ2_DROME 1e-116 70% ref|XP_313812.4| AGAP004513-PA [Anopheles g ... 24AB08 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX016012 /gi=27565232 /ug=Aga.20421 ...

  16. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0131 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0131 Novel 2R D UNKNOWN RHBG_BOVIN 0.012 47% ref|XP_001472026.1| PREDICTED: hypothe ... C1AF05 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX039353 /gi=27612634 /ug=Aga.3562 / ...

  17. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-01-0013 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0013 2L C UNKNOWN LAMA_DROME 0.0 38% ref|XP_315098.3| AGAP004993-PA [Anopheles gamb ... 17AB08 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX010594 /gi=27559814 /ug=Aga.7207 / ...

  18. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-03-0012 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0012 3L C UNKNOWN POMT1_DROME 0.0 56% ref|XP_318526.4| AGAP010784-PA [Anopheles gam ... C8CE01 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX071185 /gi=27644466 /ug=Aga.2534 / ...

  19. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-01-0080 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0080 Novel 2L D UNKNOWN SMC4_HUMAN 0.67 25% emb|CAL56086.1| unnamed protein product ... 23AA05 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX015293 /gi=27564513 /ug=Aga.44552 ...

  20. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-02-0016 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0016 Novel 2R C UNKNOWN CPN_DROME 5e-26 28% ref|XP_001631175.1| predicted protein [ ... 17BC06 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX010794 /gi=27560014 /ug=Aga.24572 ...

  1. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-01-0095 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0095 2L C UNKNOWN YRBG_ECOLI 9e-06 22% ref|XP_308489.4| AGAP007337-PA [Anopheles ga ... 23BH02 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX048350 /gi=27621631 /ug=Aga.43521 ...

  2. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-03-0079 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0079 3L D UNKNOWN SOAT1_HUMAN 8e-81 44% ref|XP_320320.4| AGAP012217-PA [Anopheles g ... 43DC10 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX029326 /gi=27602607 /ug=Aga.47603 ...

  3. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-04-0042 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0042 3R D UNKNOWN HEAT1_DROME 1e-168 28% ref|XP_319753.4| AGAP009004-PA [Anopheles ... 40BC09 of strain 6-9 of Anopheles gambiae (African malaria ... mosquito) /gb=BX026866 /gi=27600147 /ug=Aga.17141 ...

  4. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0007 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0007 Novel U C UNKNOWN UT2_RABIT 3e-21 28% ref|YP_001197147.1| Urea ... transporter [Fl ... avobacterium johnsoniae UW101] gb|ABQ07828.1| Urea ... transporter [Flavobacterium johnsoniae UW101] 4e-6 ...

  5. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0067 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0067 Novel U D UNKNOWN RHAT_SHISS 1e-80 62% ref|YP_001337862.1| L-rhamnose:H+ sympo ... rter (DMT superfamily) [Klebsiella ... pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae MGH 78578] gb|ABR7959 ... 5.1| L-rhamnose:H+ symporter (DMT superfamily) [Klebsiella ... pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae MGH 78578] 5e-80 62% ...

  6. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-04-0031 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0031 Novel 3R D UNKNOWN GTR8_MOUSE 4e-26 27% ref|XP_001662380.1| sugar ... transporter ... [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT35545.1| sugar ... transporter [Aedes aegypti] 1e-124 72% gnl|UG|Aga# ...

  7. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-04-0032 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0032 Novel 3R C UNKNOWN PLT4_ARATH 2e-25 28% ref|XP_001662380.1| sugar ... transporter ... [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT35545.1| sugar ... transporter [Aedes aegypti] 1e-124 65% gnl|UG|Aga# ...

  8. Mapping the Anopheles gambiae odorant binding protein 1 (AgamOBP1) using modeling techniques, site directed mutagenesis, circular dichroism and ligand binding assays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusconi, B; Maranhao, A C; Fuhrer, J P; Krotee, P; Choi, S H; Grun, F; Thireou, T; Dimitratos, S D; Woods, D F; Marinotti, O; Walter, M F; Eliopoulos, E

    2012-08-01

    The major malaria vector in Sub-Saharan Africa is the Anopheles gambiae mosquito. This species is a key target of malaria control measures. Mosquitoes find humans primarily through olfaction, yet the molecular mechanisms associated with host-seeking behavior remain largely unknown. To further understand the functionality of A. gambiae odorant binding protein 1 (AgamOBP1), we combined in silico protein structure modeling and site-directed mutagenesis to generate 16 AgamOBP1 protein analogues containing single point mutations of interest. Circular dichroism (CD) and ligand-binding assays provided data necessary to probe the effects of the point mutations on ligand binding and the overall structure of AgamOBP1. Far-UV CD spectra of mutated AgamOBP1 variants displayed both substantial decreases to ordered α-helix structure (up to22%) and increases to disordered α-helix structure(up to 15%) with only minimal changes in random coil (unordered) structure. In mutations Y54A, Y122A and W114Q, aromatic side chain removal from the binding site significantly reduced N-phenyl-1-naphthylamine binding. Several non-aromatic mutations (L15T, L19T, L58T, L58Y, M84Q, M84K, H111A, Y122A and L124T) elicited changes to protein conformation with subsequent effects on ligand binding. This study provides empirical evidence for the in silico predicted functions of specific amino acids in AgamOBP1 folding and ligand binding characteristics. PMID:22564768

  9. Research on giant magnetostrictive micro-displacement actuator with self-adaptive control algorithm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Giant magnetostrictive micro-displacement actuator has some unique characteristics, such as big output torque and high precision localization which can be in the nanometer scale. Because the relation between input magnetic field and output strain of giant magnetostrictive micro-displacement actuator exhibits hysteresis and eddy flow, the actuator has to be controlled and used in low input frequency mode or in static mode. When the actuator is controlled with a high input frequency (above 100 Hz), the output strain will exhibit strong nonlinearity. This paper found hysteresis and nonlinearity dynamic transfer function of the actuator based on Jiles-Atherton hysteresis model. The output strain of Jiles-Atherton hystersis model can reflect real output of actuator corresponding to the real input magnetic field, and this has been verified by experiment. Against the nonlinearity generated by hysteresis and eddy flow in this paper, the output strain of actuator is used for feedback to control system, and the control system adopted self-adaptive control algorithm, the ideal input and output model of actuator is used for a reference model and a hysteresis transfer function for the actuator real model. Through experiment, it has been verified that this algorithm can improve the dynamic frequency of the giant magnetostrictive micro-displacement actuator and guarantee high precision localization and linearity between the input magnetic field and output strain of the actuator at the same time

  10. Dual Control of Giant Field-like Spin Torque in Spin Filter Tunnel Junctions

    OpenAIRE

    Y. -H. Tang; F. -C. Chu; Nicholas Kioussis

    2015-01-01

    We predict a giant field-like spin torque, , in spin-filter (SF) barrier tunnel junctions in sharp contrast to existing junctions based on nonmagnetic passive barriers. We demonstrate that has linear bias behavior, is independent of the SF thickness, and has odd parity with respect to the SF’s exchange splitting. Thus, it can be selectively controlled via external bias or external magnetic field which gives rise to sign reversal of via magnetic field switching. The underlying mechanism is the...

  11. Using giant scarlet runner bean embryos to uncover regulatory networks controlling suspensor gene activity

    OpenAIRE

    Henry, Kelli F.; Goldberg, Robert B.

    2015-01-01

    One of the major unsolved issues in plant development is understanding the regulatory networks that control the differential gene activity that is required for the specification and development of the two major embryonic regions, the embryo proper and suspensor. Historically, the giant embryo of scarlet runner bean (SRB), Phaseolus coccineus, has been used as a model system to investigate the physiological events that occur early in embryogenesis—focusing on the question of what role the susp...

  12. Design and Application of a DSP Controller for Giant Magnetostrictive Smart Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Wen-guang; Mao Jian-qin

    2006-01-01

    It is proposed a digital signal processing (DSP) controller used in the control system of six degree-of-freedom (DOF) giant magnetostrictive smart structure (GMSS). Also are presented the controller design and its implementation, the embedded adaptive least mean-square (LMS) control algorithm and the real-time experiments of GMSS. Three programs are embedded in this controller. Of them are the adaptive LMS control algorithm and the other two which are used to search for the optimal values for the initial weight vectors. Moreover, the work flow and the control approach of the GMSS with the DSP controller are introduced. The experimental results indicate that the DSP controller has better control precision and real-time property, and the damping effect is up to 20 dB-30 dB.

  13. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0004 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0004 U C UNKNOWN CLCA_VIBPA 2e-85 59% ref|YP_857989.1| H(+)/Cl(-) exchange transpor ... ter ClcA [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3753 ... 0.1| H(+)/Cl(-) exchange transporter ClcA [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 1e-149 97% ...

  14. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0003 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0003 U C UNKNOWN CCMF_ECOLI 2e-67 64% ref|YP_855937.1| cytochrome c-type biogenesis ... protein CcmF [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3692 ... 6.1| cytochrome c-type biogenesis protein CcmF [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 1e-105 100 ...

  15. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0072 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0072 U C UNKNOWN AARD_PROST 1e-106 56% ref|YP_857531.1| ABC transporter, CydDC cyst ... ydDC-E) family, permease/ATP-binding protein CydD [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3620 ... ydDC-E) family, permease/ATP-binding protein CydD [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 1e-176 98% ...

  16. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-07-0059 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0059 U C UNKNOWN PTW3C_KLEPN 8e-47 34% ref|YP_857839.1| pts system N-acetylglucosam ... e-specific eiicba component (eiicba-nag)(eii-nag) [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] gb|ABK3672 ... e-specific eiicba component (eiicba-nag)(eii-nag) [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] 0.0 99% gn ...

  17. Gene : CBRC-AGAM-04-0012 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0012 Novel 3R D UNKNOWN ALS_RAT 0.25 29% ref|YP_001377972.1| DNA ... repair protein Rec ... N [Anaeromyxobacter sp. Fw109-5] gb|ABS24988.1| DNA ... repair protein RecN [Anaeromyxobacter sp. Fw109-5] ... 30% gnl|UG|Aga#S10911669 17000687446172 A.Gam.ad.cDNA .blood1 Anopheles gambiae cDNA ... clone 19600449730026 ...

  18. ANALISIS POTENSI EKONOMI DAERAH DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KOMODITI UNGGULAN KABUPATEN AGAM

    OpenAIRE

    Yolamalinda

    2014-01-01

    Globalization requires areas within the national territory to compete in the free trade competitively with products from countries all over the world. Regional economic development is expected to produce superior quality products that can compete in competition, both domestically and abroad. Agam as areas that have the potential of tourism and culture has the potential to perform on the world market with superior commodity sub-sectors of the manufacturing industry. This article analyzes the e...

  19. Dual Control of Giant Field-like Spin Torque in Spin Filter Tunnel Junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Y.-H.; Chu, F.-C.; Kioussis, Nicholas

    2015-06-01

    We predict a giant field-like spin torque, , in spin-filter (SF) barrier tunnel junctions in sharp contrast to existing junctions based on nonmagnetic passive barriers. We demonstrate that has linear bias behavior, is independent of the SF thickness, and has odd parity with respect to the SF’s exchange splitting. Thus, it can be selectively controlled via external bias or external magnetic field which gives rise to sign reversal of via magnetic field switching. The underlying mechanism is the interlayer exchange coupling between the noncollinear magnetizations of the SF and free ferromagnetic electrode via the nonmagnetic insulating (I) spacer giving rise to giant spin-dependent reflection at the SF/I interface. These findings suggest that the proposed field-like-spin-torque MRAM may provide promising dual functionalities for both ‘reading’ and ‘writing’ processes which require lower critical current densities and faster writing and reading speeds.

  20. Reversible Morphological Control of Tubulin-Encapsulating Giant Liposomes by Hydrostatic Pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Masahito; Nishiyama, Masayoshi; Kazayama, Yuki; Toyota, Taro; Harada, Yoshie; Takiguchi, Kingo

    2016-04-19

    Liposomes encapsulating cytoskeletons have drawn much recent attention to develop an artificial cell-like chemical-machinery; however, as far as we know, there has been no report showing isothermally reversible morphological changes of liposomes containing cytoskeletons because the sets of various regulatory factors, that is, their interacting proteins, are required to control the state of every reaction system of cytoskeletons. Here we focused on hydrostatic pressure to control the polymerization state of microtubules (MTs) within cell-sized giant liposomes (diameters ∼10 μm). MT is the cytoskeleton formed by the polymerization of tubulin, and cytoskeletal systems consisting of MTs are very dynamic and play many important roles in living cells, such as the morphogenesis of nerve cells and formation of the spindle apparatus during mitosis. Using real-time imaging with a high-pressure microscope, we examined the effects of hydrostatic pressure on the morphology of tubulin-encapsulating giant liposomes. At ambient pressure (0.1 MPa), many liposomes formed protrusions due to tubulin polymerization within them. When high pressure (60 MPa) was applied, the protrusions shrank within several tens of seconds. This process was repeatedly inducible (around three times), and after the pressure was released, the protrusions regenerated within several minutes. These deformation rates of the liposomes are close to the velocities of migrating or shape-changing living cells rather than the shortening and elongation rates of the single MTs, which have been previously measured. These results demonstrate that the elongation and shortening of protrusions of giant liposomes is repeatedly controllable by regulating the polymerization state of MTs within them by applying and releasing hydrostatic pressure. PMID:27023063

  1. Using giant scarlet runner bean embryos to uncover regulatory networks controlling suspensor gene activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelli F. Henry

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available One of the major unsolved issues in plant development is understanding the regulatory networks that control the differential gene activity that is required for the specification and development of the two major embryonic regions, the embryo proper and suspensor. Historically, the giant embryo of scarlet runner bean (SRB, Phaseolus coccineus, has been used as a model system to investigate the physiological events that occur early in embryogenesis – focusing on the question of what role the suspensor region plays. A major feature distinguishing SRB embryos from those of other plants is a highly enlarged suspensor containing at least 200 cells that synthesize growth regulators required for subsequent embryonic development. Recent studies have exploited the giant size of the SRB embryo to micro-dissect the embryo proper and suspensor regions in order to use genomics-based approaches to identify regulatory genes that may be involved in controlling suspensor and embryo proper differentiation, as well as the cellular processes that may be unique to each embryonic region. Here we review the current genomics resources that make SRB embryos a compelling model system for studying the early events required to program embryo development.

  2. Performance of orange oil in the control of carmine cochineal in giant cactus pear.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanildo Cavalcanti de Albuquerque

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Since its introduction, in 2001, the carmine cochineal (Dactylopius opuntiae already decimated some 100.000 hectares of giant cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica in semi-arid region of Paraiba. This study aimed to evaluate the behavior of five concentrations of orange oil, applied in cladodes on the death of D. opuntiae in field conditions. The research was carried out in a field of giant cactus pear infested by carmine cochineal on the site rigideira, Monteiro County, State of Paraíba. The trial design used was blocks at random (DBR composed of six treatments [doses of 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, and 0.7% of orange oil (Prev-am] and water as control and five repetitions. The orange oil known like Prev-Am (Sodium tetraborohydrate decahydrate was effective against to carmine cochineal as early as the dose of 0.3% and higher potential for efficiency were observed at doses of 0.6 and 0.7%. After 48 hours of application of the product, which was observed at doses applied adults and nymphs of the insect, was dried according to the product action that acts by contact. The product had no lethal effect on ladybugs (Cycloneda sanguinea and Scymnus intrusus, but was lethal to larvae of Baccha sp. at a dose of 0.7%.

  3. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0064 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0064 ref|YP_855025.1| sulfatase [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] ... gb|ABK38012.1| sulfatase [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] YP_855025. ...

  4. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0002 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0002 ref|YP_001142445.1| membrane protein [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. salmonicida ... A449] gb|ABO90697.1| membrane protein [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. salmonicida A449] YP_001142445. ...

  5. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0064 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0064 ref|YP_001143407.1| sulfatase [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. salmonicida A449] ... gb|ABO91659.1| sulfatase [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. salmonicida A449] YP_001143407. ...

  6. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 ref|YP_001006164.1| multiple antibiotic ... resistance protein [Yersinia enterocol ... bsp. enterocolitica 8081] emb|CAL11986.1| multiple antibiotic ... resistance protein [Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. ...

  7. ANALISIS POTENSI EKONOMI DAERAH DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KOMODITI UNGGULAN KABUPATEN AGAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolamalinda

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Globalization requires areas within the national territory to compete in the free trade competitively with products from countries all over the world. Regional economic development is expected to produce superior quality products that can compete in competition, both domestically and abroad. Agam as areas that have the potential of tourism and culture has the potential to perform on the world market with superior commodity sub-sectors of the manufacturing industry. This article analyzes the election of regional commodity Agam using LQ analysis, specialization index, Shift share and SWOT analysis. The analysis finds that subsekctor processing industry has a competitive advantage and thus likely to be developed to increase the region's economy. Commodity embroidery as a creative industry is a commodity that is mapped able to compete on the sub-sectors of the processing industry because the rich local cultural values and Islamic values. A variety of programs and government policies are needed to support these commodities to appear on the international market.

  8. Magnetic-flux-controlled giant Fano factor for the coherent tunneling through a parallel double-quantum-dot

    OpenAIRE

    Dong, Bing; Lei, X. L.

    2006-01-01

    We report our studies of zero-frequency shot noise in tunneling through a parallel-coupled quantum dot interferometer by employing number-resolved quantum rate equations. We show that the combination of quantum interference effect between two pathways and strong Coulomb repulsion could result in a giant Fano factor, which is controllable by tuning the enclosed magnetic flux.

  9. Magnetic-Flux-Controlled Giant Fano Factor for Coherent Tunneling Through a Parallel Double-Quantum-Dot

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report our studies of zero-frequency shot noise in tunneling through a parallel-coupled quantum dot interferometer by employing number-resolved quantum rate equations. We show that the combination of quantum interference effect between two pathways and strong Coulomb repulsion could result in a giant Fano factor, which is controllable by tuning the enclosed magnetic flux

  10. Magnetic-Flux-Controlled Giant Fano Factor for Coherent Tunneling Through a Parallel Double-Quantum-Dot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Bing; LEI Xiao-Lin; CUI Hong-Liang

    2008-01-01

    We report our studies of zero-frequency shot noise in tunneling through a parallel-coupled quantum dot interferometer by employing number-resolved quantum rate equations. We show that the combination of quantum interference effect between two pathways and strong Coulomb repulsion could result in a giant Fano factor, which is controllable by tuning the enclosed magnetic flux.

  11. Giant Controllable Magnetization Changes Induced by Structural Phase Transitions in a Metamagnetic Artificial Multiferroic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, S P; Wong, A T; Glavic, A; Herklotz, A; Urban, C; Valmianski, I; Biegalski, M D; Christen, H M; Ward, T Z; Lauter, V

    2016-01-01

    The realization of a controllable metamagnetic transition from AFM to FM ordering would open the door to a plethora of new spintronics based devices that, rather than reorienting spins in a ferromagnet, harness direct control of a materials intrinsic magnetic ordering. In this study FeRh films with drastically reduced transition temperatures and a large magneto-thermal hysteresis were produced for magnetocaloric and spintronics applications. Remarkably, giant controllable magnetization changes (measured to be as high has ~25%) are realized by manipulating the strain transfer from the external lattice when subjected to two structural phase transitions of BaTiO3 (001) single crystal substrate. These magnetization changes are the largest seen to date to be controllably induced in the FeRh system. Using polarized neutron reflectometry we reveal how just a slight in plane surface strain change at ~290C results in a massive magnetic transformation in the bottom half of the film clearly demonstrating a strong lattice-spin coupling in FeRh. By means of these substrate induced strain changes we show a way to reproducibly explore the effects of temperature and strain on the relative stabilities of the FM and AFM phases in multi-domain metamagnetic systems. This study also demonstrates for the first time the depth dependent nature of a controllable magnetic order using strain in an artificial multiferroic heterostructure. PMID:26940159

  12. Giant Controllable Magnetization Changes Induced by Structural Phase Transitions in a Metamagnetic Artificial Multiferroic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, S. P.; Wong, A. T.; Glavic, A.; Herklotz, A.; Urban, C.; Valmianski, I.; Biegalski, M. D.; Christen, H. M.; Ward, T. Z.; Lauter, V.

    2016-03-01

    The realization of a controllable metamagnetic transition from AFM to FM ordering would open the door to a plethora of new spintronics based devices that, rather than reorienting spins in a ferromagnet, harness direct control of a materials intrinsic magnetic ordering. In this study FeRh films with drastically reduced transition temperatures and a large magneto-thermal hysteresis were produced for magnetocaloric and spintronics applications. Remarkably, giant controllable magnetization changes (measured to be as high has ~25%) are realized by manipulating the strain transfer from the external lattice when subjected to two structural phase transitions of BaTiO3 (001) single crystal substrate. These magnetization changes are the largest seen to date to be controllably induced in the FeRh system. Using polarized neutron reflectometry we reveal how just a slight in plane surface strain change at ~290C results in a massive magnetic transformation in the bottom half of the film clearly demonstrating a strong lattice-spin coupling in FeRh. By means of these substrate induced strain changes we show a way to reproducibly explore the effects of temperature and strain on the relative stabilities of the FM and AFM phases in multi-domain metamagnetic systems. This study also demonstrates for the first time the depth dependent nature of a controllable magnetic order using strain in an artificial multiferroic heterostructure.

  13. Control of giant pulse duration in neodymium mini lasers with controllable cavity length and pulsed pumping

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a solid-state laser incident on aLiNdP4O12 crystal, pumped by a short light pulse, giant pulse oscillation without the use of resonator Q switching is realized. Tuning of the oscillation pulse duration from 2 up to 20 ns is achieved by changing the cavity length from 24 to 3 mm, respectively. Our analysis of this mode of laser radiation is made on the basis of the rate equations. The factors influencing oscillation pulse duration a reinvestigated. It is shown that in a limiting case the minimal value of the pulse duration is limited by only the rate of excitation transfer from the pumping band to the metastable level

  14. Control of giant pulse duration in neodymium minilasers with controllable cavity length and pulsed pumping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berenberg, Vladimir A.; Cervantes, Miguel A.; Terpugov, Vladimir S.

    2006-07-01

    In a solid-state laser incident on a LiNdP4O12 crystal, pumped by a short light pulse, giant pulse oscillation without the use of resonator Q switching is realized. Tuning of the oscillation pulse duration from 2 up to 20 ns is achieved by changing the cavity length from 24 to 3 mm, respectively. Our analysis of this mode of laser radiation is made on the basis of the rate equations. The factors influencing oscillation pulse duration are investigated. It is shown that in a limiting case the minimal value of the pulse duration is limited by only the rate of excitation transfer from the pumping band to the metastable level.

  15. Dynamics and control of cable-suspended parallel robots for giant telescopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Peng; Yao, Zhengqiu

    2006-06-01

    A cable-suspended parallel robot utilizes the basic idea of Stewart platform but replaces parallel links with cables and linear actuators with winches. It has many advantages over a conventional crane. The concept of applying a cable-suspended parallel robot into the construction and maintenance of giant telescope is presented in this paper. Compared with the mass and travel of the moving platform of the robot, the mass and deformation of the cables can be disregarded. Based on the premises, the kinematic and dynamic models of the robot are built. Through simulation, the inertia and gravity of moving platform are found to have dominant effect on the dynamic characteristic of the robot, while the dynamics of actuators can be disregarded, so a simplified dynamic model applicable to real-time control is obtained. Moreover, according to control-law partitioning approach and optimization theory, a workspace model-based controller is proposed considering the characteristic that the cables can only pull but not push. The simulation results indicate that the controller possesses good accuracy in pose and speed tracking, and keeps the cables in reliable tension by maintaining the minimum strain above a certain given value, thus ensures smooth motion and accurate localization for moving platform.

  16. Isolation and characterization of an AGAMOUS-like gene from Hosta plantaginea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying; Zhang, Xiaomei; Liu, Zhixiong; Zhang, Dandan; Wang, Jinzi; Liu, Di; Li, Fenglan; Lu, Hai

    2012-03-01

    Based on genetic and molecular analyses, the ABC model was proposed to explain the genetic control of floral development. The C-class MADS box gene AGAMOUS (AG) plays crucial roles in Arabidopsis thaliana development through regulation of the organ identity of stamens and gynoecium. The present research reports for the first time the cloning of an AG homologue (HpAG) from Hosta plantaginea Aschers. Phylogenetic analysis shows HpAG is a homologue of AG that is closely related to C-lineage AG homologues from monocot species. Semi-quantitative PCR and real-time PCR analyses show that HpAG is stamen- and gynoecium-specific in expression and has spatial and temporal expression patterns in the reproductive organs of H. plantaginea. The transcriptional activation property of HpAG is also verified by a yeast one-hybrid. Functional analysis is carried out in Arabidopsis by overexpression of HpAG. The homeotic transformations of petals into staminoid organs are observed in 35S::HpAG transgenic plants. All these results show that HpAG1 plays a crucial role in stamen specification and gynoecium development. PMID:21667245

  17. Wavefront control simulations for the Giant Magellan Telescope: Field-dependent segment piston control

    OpenAIRE

    Quiros-Pacheco, Fernando; Conan, Rod; McLeod, Brian; Irarrazaval, Ben; Bouchez, Antonin

    2015-01-01

    We present in this paper preliminary simulation results aimed at validating the GMT piston control strategy. Wewill in particular consider an observing mode in which an Adaptive Optics (AO) system is providing fast on-axisWF correction with the Adaptive Secondary Mirror (ASM), while the phasing system using multiple SegmentPiston Sensors (SPS) makes sure that the seven GMT segments remain phased. Simulations have been performedwith the Dynamic Optical Simulation (DOS) tool developed at the GM...

  18. Performance of orange oil in the control of carmine cochineal in giant cactus pear.

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanildo Cavalcanti de Albuquerque; Carlos Henrique de Brito; Edson Batista Lopes; Jacinto de Luna Batista

    2009-01-01

    Since its introduction, in 2001, the carmine cochineal (Dactylopius opuntiae) already decimated some 100.000 hectares of giant cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) in semi-arid region of Paraiba. This study aimed to evaluate the behavior of five concentrations of orange oil, applied in cladodes on the death of D. opuntiae in field conditions. The research was carried out in a field of giant cactus pear infested by carmine cochineal on the site rigideira, Monteiro County, State of Paraíba. The ...

  19. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0042 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available r membrane component [Herpetosiphon aurantiacus ATCC 23779] ZP_01426475.1 0.33 20% ... ...nt [Herpetosiphon aurantiacus ATCC 23779] gb|EAU16751.1| binding-protein-dependent transport systems inne...CBRC-AGAM-01-0042 ref|ZP_01426475.1| binding-protein-dependent transport systems inner membrane compone

  20. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0030 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available r membrane component [Herpetosiphon aurantiacus ATCC 23779] ZP_01426474.1 1e-59 45% ... ...nt [Herpetosiphon aurantiacus ATCC 23779] gb|EAU16750.1| binding-protein-dependent transport systems inne...CBRC-AGAM-07-0030 ref|ZP_01426474.1| binding-protein-dependent transport systems inner membrane compone

  1. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0012 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0012 ref|YP_304864.1| hypothetical protein Mbar_A1321 [Methanosarcina barkeri str. Fusar...o] gb|AAZ70284.1| hypothetical protein Mbar_A1321 [Methanosarcina barkeri str. Fusaro] YP_304864.1 0.39 34% ...

  2. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0028 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0028 ref|YP_305972.1| hypothetical protein Mbar_A2479 [Methanosarcina barkeri str. Fusar...o] gb|AAZ71392.1| hypothetical protein Mbar_A2479 [Methanosarcina barkeri str. Fusaro] YP_305972.1 9e-19 35% ...

  3. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0043 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0043 gb|AAG22473.1|AF193045_1 unknown [Homo sapiens] gb|AAH07980.1| Transmembrane B ... sapiens] dbj|BAE93467.1| responsive to centrifugal force ... and shear stress gene 1 [Homo sapiens] gb|ABM81925 ...

  4. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0188 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0188 ref|NP_649789.1| CG9613-PA [Drosophila melanogaster] sp|Q9VHS7|COQ2_DROME Para ... e--polyprenyltransferase, mitochondrial precursor (PHB :polyprenyltransferase) gb|AAF54222.1| CG9613-PA [D ...

  5. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0070 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0070 ref|NP_476722.1| shotgun CG3722-PA [Drosophila melanogaster] sp|Q...24298|CADE_DROME DE-cadherin precursor (Protein shotgun) gb|AAF46659.1| CG3722-PA [Drosophila melanogaster] NP_476722.1 0.0 42% ...

  6. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0165 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0165 ref|NP_524393.2| Fsh-Tsh -like receptor CG7665-PA, isoform A [Drosophila melano ... gaster] ref|NP_732265.1| Fsh-Tsh -like receptor CG7665-PB, isoform B [Drosophila mel ...

  7. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0003 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0003 ref|YP_855937.1| cytochrome c-type biogenesis protein CcmF [Aeromonas ... hydrophi ... 6926.1| cytochrome c-type biogenesis protein CcmF [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] YP_855937. ...

  8. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0060 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0060 ref|YP_001142002.1| GGDEF domain protein [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. salmoni ... cida A449] gb|ABO90254.1| GGDEF domain protein [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. salmonicida A449] YP_001142002. ...

  9. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0010 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0010 ref|YP_001141362.1| amino acid permease [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. salmonic ... ida A449] gb|ABO89614.1| amino acid permease [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. salmonicida A449] YP_001141362. ...

  10. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0054 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0054 ref|YP_001142086.1| transporter, NadC family [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. sal ... ida A449] gb|ABO90338.1| transporter, NadC family [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. salmonicida A449] YP_001142086. ...

  11. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0002 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0002 ref|YP_856219.1| hypothetical protein AHA_1683 [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hy ... CC 7966] gb|ABK39880.1| putative membrane protein [Aeromonas ... hydrophila subsp. hydrophila ATCC 7966] YP_856219. ...

  12. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0060 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0060 ref|YP_001141367.1| GGDEF domain protein [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. salmoni ... cida A449] gb|ABO89619.1| GGDEF domain protein [Aeromonas ... salmonicida subsp. salmonicida A449] YP_001141367. ...

  13. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-03-0010 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0010 ref|ZP_00373744.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila... ananassae] gb|EAL58741.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila ananassae] ZP_00373744.1 0.0 39% ...

  14. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-05-0053 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0053 ref|ZP_00373744.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila... ananassae] gb|EAL58741.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila ananassae] ZP_00373744.1 0.0 39% ...

  15. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0094 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0094 ref|ZP_00373744.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila... ananassae] gb|EAL58741.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila ananassae] ZP_00373744.1 0.0 39% ...

  16. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-03-0057 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0057 ref|ZP_00373744.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila... ananassae] gb|EAL58741.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila ananassae] ZP_00373744.1 0.0 37% ...

  17. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0155 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0155 ref|ZP_00373744.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila... ananassae] gb|EAL58741.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila ananassae] ZP_00373744.1 0.0 39% ...

  18. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0091 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0091 ref|ZP_00373744.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila... ananassae] gb|EAL58741.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila ananassae] ZP_00373744.1 1e-163 38% ...

  19. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0093 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0093 ref|ZP_00373744.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila... ananassae] gb|EAL58741.1| SD27140p [Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila ananassae] ZP_00373744.1 0.0 40% ...

  20. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0018 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0018 ref|NP_458664.1| hypothetical protein STY4579 [Salmonella ... enterica subsp. ente ... CT18] ref|NP_807874.1| hypothetical protein t4276 [Salmonella ... enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi Ty2] pir||A ... 031 probable membrane protein STY4579 [imported] - Salmonella ... enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi (strain CT1 ...

  1. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0109 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0109 ref|NP_456055.1| putative amino acid permease [Salmonella ... enterica subsp. ente ... ref|NP_460437.1| putative amino acid transporter [Salmonella ... typhimurium LT2] ref|NP_805144.1| putative amino a ... cid permease [Salmonella ... enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi Ty2] pir||A ...

  2. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0187 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0187 ref|XP_001648623.1| dopamine receptor, invertebrate [Aedes aegypt...i] gb|EAT33346.1| dopamine receptor, invertebrate [Aedes aegypti] XP_001648623.1 1e-112 63% ...

  3. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 ref|YP_001478370.1| multiple antibiotic ... resistance (MarC)-related protein [Ser ... ratia proteamaculans 568] gb|ABV41242.1| multiple antibiotic ... resistance (MarC)-related protein [Serratia protea ...

  4. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 ref|YP_001143627.1| multiple antibiotic ... resistance protein, MarC family [Aerom ... a subsp. salmonicida A449] gb|ABO91879.1| multiple antibiotic ... resistance protein, MarC family [Aeromonas salmoni ...

  5. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 ref|NP_405971.1| multiple antibiotic ... resistance protein [Yersinia pestis CO92] ... ref|NP_993554.1| multiple antibiotic ... resistance protein [Yersinia pestis biovar Microtu ... s str. 91001] ref|YP_070860.1| multiple antibiotic ... resistance protein [Yersinia pseudotuberculosis IP ...

  6. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0045 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0045 ref|YP_001192547.1| heavy metal translocating P-type ATPase [Flavobacterium john...soniae UW101] gb|ABQ03228.1| heavy metal translocating P-type ATPase [Flavobacterium johnsoniae UW101] YP_001192547.1 1e-129 62% ...

  7. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-05-0050 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0050 ref|NP_965518.1| hypothetical protein LJ1711 [Lactobacillus johns...onii NCC 533] gb|AAS09484.1| hypothetical protein LJ_1711 [Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533] NP_965518.1 3e-35 42% ...

  8. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0041 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0041 ref|YP_001193736.1| UbiA prenyltransferase [Flavobacterium johnso...niae UW101] gb|ABQ04417.1| UbiA prenyltransferase [Flavobacterium johnsoniae UW101] YP_001193736.1 4e-31 33% ...

  9. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0028 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0028 ref|YP_001193977.1| hypothetical protein Fjoh_1626 [Flavobacterium john...soniae UW101] gb|ABQ04658.1| hypothetical protein Fjoh_1626 [Flavobacterium johnsoniae UW101] YP_001193977.1 5e-72 44% ...

  10. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0020 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0020 ref|YP_001478696.1| major facilitator superfamily MFS_1 [Serratia proteam...aculans 568] gb|ABV41568.1| major facilitator superfamily MFS_1 [Serratia proteamaculans 568] YP_001478696.1 1e-164 82% ...

  11. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-05-0002 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0002 ref|YP_001477392.1| sugar transporter [Serratia proteamaculans 56...8] gb|ABV40264.1| sugar transporter [Serratia proteamaculans 568] YP_001477392.1 1e-08 25% ...

  12. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0002 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0002 ref|YP_001477899.1| protein of unknown function DUF340 membrane [Serratia proteam...aculans 568] gb|ABV40771.1| protein of unknown function DUF340 membrane [Serratia proteamaculans 568] YP_001477899.1 4e-67 53% ...

  13. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0022 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0022 ref|ZP_01789747.1| hypothetical protein CGSHiAA_08330 [Haemophilus influenza...e PittAA] gb|EDK08473.1| hypothetical protein CGSHiAA_08330 [Haemophilus influenzae PittAA] ZP_01789747.1 2e-14 23% ...

  14. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0062 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0062 ref|NP_523369.2| meiotic 41 CG4252-PA [Drosophila melanogaster] sp|Q9VXG8|ATR_ ... DROME Serine/threonine-protein kinase ATR (Ataxia ... telangiectasia and Rad3-related protein homolog) ( ...

  15. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0156 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0156 ref|XP_234385.3| PREDICTED: similar to pecanex homolog [Rattus no...rvegicus] ref|XP_001055794.1| PREDICTED: similar to pecanex homolog [Rattus norvegicus] XP_234385.3 1e-94 39% ...

  16. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0087 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0087 ref|NP_731674.1| Calphotin CG4795-PB, isoform B [Drosophila melan...ogaster] sp|Q02910|CPN_DROME Calphotin gb|AAF54754.1| CG4795-PB, isoform B [Drosophila melanogaster] NP_731674.1 0.006 28% ...

  17. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-05-0030 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0030 ref|NP_731674.1| Calphotin CG4795-PB, isoform B [Drosophila melan...ogaster] sp|Q02910|CPN_DROME Calphotin gb|AAF54754.1| CG4795-PB, isoform B [Drosophila melanogaster] NP_731674.1 5e-08 31% ...

  18. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-03-0031 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0031 ref|XP_001659588.1| cation-transporting atpase fly ... [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT39291 ... .1| cation-transporting atpase fly ... [Aedes aegypti] XP_001659588.1 0.0 78% ...

  19. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0038 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0038 ref|ZP_01121627.1| hypothetical protein RB2501_11202 [Robiginital...ea biformata HTCC2501] gb|EAR14889.1| hypothetical protein RB2501_11202 [Robiginitalea biformata HTCC2501] ZP_01121627.1 1e-62 41% ...

  20. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0041 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0041 ref|ZP_01120431.1| hypothetical protein RB2501_08655 [Robiginital...ea biformata HTCC2501] gb|EAR16959.1| hypothetical protein RB2501_08655 [Robiginitalea biformata HTCC2501] ZP_01120431.1 4e-31 32% ...

  1. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0007 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0007 ref|YP_010379.1| urea ... transporter, putative [Desulfovibrio vulgaris subsp. vul ... garis str. Hildenborough] ref|YP_967336.1| Urea ... transporter [Desulfovibrio vulgaris subsp. vulgari ... s DP4] gb|AAS95638.1| urea ... transporter, putative [Desulfovibrio vulgaris subs ...

  2. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0007 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0007 ref|NP_372811.1| similar to urea ... transporter [Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aur ... cus aureus subsp. aureus N315] ref|YP_001247667.1| Urea ... transporter [Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus J ... H9] ref|YP_001317466.1| Urea ... transporter [Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus J ...

  3. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0067 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0067 ref|YP_001337862.1| L-rhamnose:H+ symporter (DMT superfamily) [Klebsiella ... pneu ... 9595.1| L-rhamnose:H+ symporter (DMT superfamily) [Klebsiella ... pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae MGH 78578] YP_0013378 ...

  4. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0044 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0044 ref|XP_001549758.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN32955.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001549758.1 2e-71 88% ...

  5. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0090 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0090 ref|XP_001549758.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN32955.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001549758.1 1e-71 90% ...

  6. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-05-0023 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0023 ref|XP_001551790.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN30435.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001551790.1 2e-62 91% ...

  7. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0000 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0000 ref|XP_001549758.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN32955.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001549758.1 3e-65 86% ...

  8. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0031 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0031 ref|XP_001549758.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN32955.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001549758.1 4e-55 88% ...

  9. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0046 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0046 ref|XP_001551790.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN30435.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001551790.1 2e-69 95% ...

  10. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-05-0052 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0052 ref|XP_001551790.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN30435.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001551790.1 2e-53 84% ...

  11. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-03-0052 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0052 ref|XP_001551790.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN30435.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001551790.1 1e-46 81% ...

  12. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-05-0020 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0020 ref|XP_001551790.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN30435.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001551790.1 3e-52 73% ...

  13. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0127 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0127 ref|XP_001549758.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN32955.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001549758.1 5e-66 80% ...

  14. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-03-0000 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0000 ref|XP_001549758.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN32955.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001549758.1 2e-66 88% ...

  15. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0046 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0046 ref|XP_001549758.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN32955.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001549758.1 2e-74 96% ...

  16. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-05-0049 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0049 ref|XP_001551790.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN30435.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001551790.1 3e-64 95% ...

  17. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0035 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0035 ref|XP_001589660.1| predicted protein [Sclerotinia sclerotiorum 1...980] gb|EDN93515.1| predicted protein [Sclerotinia sclerotiorum 1980] XP_001589660.1 1e-42 90% ...

  18. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0035 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0035 ref|NP_937902.1| NADH dehydrogenase subunit 5 [Strongyloides stercoral...is] emb|CAD90562.1| NADH dehydrogenase subunit 5 [Strongyloides stercoralis] NP_937902.1 0.009 23% ...

  19. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-03-0087 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0087 ref|XP_843162.1| proteophosphoglycan ppg4 [Leishmania major strain Fried...lin] gb|AAZ14280.1| proteophosphoglycan ppg4 [Leishmania major strain Friedlin] XP_843162.1 1e-23 19% ...

  20. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0082 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0082 ref|XP_843163.1| proteophosphoglycan 5 [Leishmania major strain Fried...lin] gb|AAZ14281.1| proteophosphoglycan 5 [Leishmania major strain Friedlin] XP_843163.1 0.0 23% ...

  1. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0064 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0064 ref|XP_843162.1| proteophosphoglycan ppg4 [Leishmania major strain Fried...lin] gb|AAZ14280.1| proteophosphoglycan ppg4 [Leishmania major strain Friedlin] XP_843162.1 0.0 31% ...

  2. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-03-0087 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0087 ref|XP_843163.1| proteophosphoglycan 5 [Leishmania major strain Fried...lin] gb|AAZ14281.1| proteophosphoglycan 5 [Leishmania major strain Friedlin] XP_843163.1 5e-23 19% ...

  3. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-03-0081 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0081 ref|XP_843162.1| proteophosphoglycan ppg4 [Leishmania major strain Fried...lin] gb|AAZ14280.1| proteophosphoglycan ppg4 [Leishmania major strain Friedlin] XP_843162.1 3e-14 27% ...

  4. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-03-0073 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0073 ref|XP_843162.1| proteophosphoglycan ppg4 [Leishmania major strain Fried...lin] gb|AAZ14280.1| proteophosphoglycan ppg4 [Leishmania major strain Friedlin] XP_843162.1 2e-13 29% ...

  5. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0021 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0021 ref|XP_843163.1| proteophosphoglycan 5 [Leishmania major strain Fried...lin] gb|AAZ14281.1| proteophosphoglycan 5 [Leishmania major strain Friedlin] XP_843163.1 4e-26 26% ...

  6. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0049 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0049 ref|ZP_01274777.1| Surface protein from Gram-positive cocci, anch...or region [Lactobacillus reuteri 100-23] gb|EAS88254.1| Surface protein from Gram-positive cocci, anchor region [Lactobacillus reuteri 100-23] ZP_01274777.1 2e-39 52% ...

  7. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0107 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0107 ref|YP_001112131.1| protein of unknown function UPF0118 [Desulfotomaculum reduce...ns MI-1] gb|ABO49306.1| protein of unknown function UPF0118 [Desulfotomaculum reducens MI-1] YP_001112131.1 1.8 23% ...

  8. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0071 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0071 ref|NP_476722.1| shotgun CG3722-PA [Drosophila melanogaster] sp|Q...24298|CADE_DROME DE-cadherin precursor (Protein shotgun) gb|AAF46659.1| CG3722-PA [Drosophila melanogaster] NP_476722.1 0.0 40% ...

  9. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0094 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0094 ref|XP_001650650.1| rab6 gtpase activating protein, gapcena (rabgap...1 protein) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT48196.1| rab6 gtpase activating protein, gapcena (rabgap1 protein) [Aedes aegypti] XP_001650650.1 1e-172 69% ...

  10. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0094 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0094 ref|XP_001650651.1| rab6 gtpase activating protein, gapcena (rabgap...1 protein) [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT48197.1| rab6 gtpase activating protein, gapcena (rabgap1 protein) [Aedes aegypti] XP_001650651.1 1e-172 69% ...

  11. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0116 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0116 ref|NP_842728.1| gluconate permease [Bacillus anthracis str. Ames ] ref|YP_0167 ... 70.1| gluconate permease [Bacillus anthracis str. 'Ames ... Ancestor'] ref|YP_026450.1| gluconate permease [Ba ... 214.1| gluconate permease [Bacillus anthracis str. Ames ] gb|AAT29245.1| gluconate permease [Bacillus anthr ...

  12. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-03-0084 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0084 gb|AAK94961.1|AF396969_10 VspK [Mycoplasma bovis] gb|AAK94975.1|AF396970_10 VspK [Mycoplas...ma bovis] gb|AAD53530.1| variable surface lipoprotein [Mycoplasma bovis] AAK94961.1 0.27 34% ...

  13. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0036 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0036 ref|NP_524202.1| crocodile CG5069-PA [Drosophila melanogaster] sp...|P32027|CROC_DROME Fork head domain-containing protein crocodile (FKH protein FD1) gb|AAB35643.1| crocodile

  14. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0062 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ngiectasia and Rad3-related protein) [Rattus norvegicus] XP_001068985.1 0.0 33% ... ...CBRC-AGAM-07-0062 ref|XP_001068985.1| PREDICTED: similar to Serine/threonine-protein kinase ATR (Ataxia tela

  15. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0012 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0012 ref|NP_445781.2| insulin-like growth factor binding protein, acid labile subun ... it [Rattus norvegicus] sp|P35859|ALS _RAT Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein com ... plex acid labile chain precursor (ALS ) gb|AAB23770.2| insulin-like growth factor binding ...

  16. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0038 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0038 ref|NP_938793.1| Putative cytochrome C biogenesis protein [Corynebacterium diphtheria...e NCTC 13129] emb|CAE48916.1| Putative cytochrome C biogenesis protein [Corynebacterium diphtheriae] NP_938793.1 1.6 24% ...

  17. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0069 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0069 ref|XP_001652791.1| GDP-fucose transporter, putative [Aedes aegyp...ti] gb|EAT40804.1| GDP-fucose transporter, putative [Aedes aegypti] XP_001652791.1 1e-129 83% ...

  18. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0141 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0141 ref|ZP_01444683.1| tail fiber protein, putative [Roseovarius sp. ...HTCC2601] gb|EAU45064.1| tail fiber protein, putative [Roseovarius sp. HTCC2601] ZP_01444683.1 0.038 24% ...

  19. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-05-0028 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0028 ref|NP_309677.1| putative tail fiber protein [Escherichia coli O1...57:H7 str. Sakai] dbj|BAB35073.1| putative tail fiber protein [Escherichia coli O157:H7 str. Sakai] NP_309677.1 3e-18 34% ...

  20. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0071 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0071 ref|NP_001035057.1| pteropsin [Apis mellifera] tpg|DAA05735.1| TP...A_exp: pteropsin [Apis mellifera] tpg|DAA05736.1| TPA_exp: pteropsin [Apis mellifera] NP_001035057.1 3e-73 46% ...

  1. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0048 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0048 ref|YP_069528.1| MscS family mechanosensitive channel [Yersinia pseudotuber...culosis IP 32953] emb|CAH20227.1| MscS family mechanosensitive channel [Yersinia pseudotuberculosis IP 32953] YP_069528.1 1e-106 53% ...

  2. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0021 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0021 ref|YP_001402419.1| Na+/H+ antiporter NhaA [Yersinia pseudotuberc...ulosis IP 31758] gb|ABS48792.1| Na+/H+ antiporter NhaA [Yersinia pseudotuberculosis IP 31758] YP_001402419.1 3e-83 69% ...

  3. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 ref|YP_001400684.1| membrane protein, MarC family [Yersinia pseudotuber...culosis IP 31758] gb|ABS46607.1| membrane protein, MarC family [Yersinia pseudotuberculosis IP 31758] YP_001400684.1 1e-45 47% ...

  4. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0117 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0117 ref|YP_761365.1| acyltransferase family protein [Hyphomonas neptun...ium ATCC 15444] gb|ABI76943.1| acyltransferase family protein [Hyphomonas neptunium ATCC 15444] YP_761365.1 1.4 24% ...

  5. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-05-0040 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0040 ref|ZP_01520645.1| hypothetical protein CtesDRAFT_4667 [Comamonas testostero...ni KF-1] gb|EAV14383.1| hypothetical protein CtesDRAFT_4667 [Comamonas testosteroni KF-1] ZP_01520645.1 8e-05 27% ...

  6. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0103 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0103 ref|ZP_01519290.1| hypothetical protein CtesDRAFT_1042 [Comamonas testostero...ni KF-1] gb|EAV15567.1| hypothetical protein CtesDRAFT_1042 [Comamonas testosteroni KF-1] ZP_01519290.1 0.003 33% ...

  7. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0104 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0104 ref|ZP_01519290.1| hypothetical protein CtesDRAFT_1042 [Comamonas testostero...ni KF-1] gb|EAV15567.1| hypothetical protein CtesDRAFT_1042 [Comamonas testosteroni KF-1] ZP_01519290.1 8e-04 33% ...

  8. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-05-0025 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-05-0025 ref|ZP_01519290.1| hypothetical protein CtesDRAFT_1042 [Comamonas testostero...ni KF-1] gb|EAV15567.1| hypothetical protein CtesDRAFT_1042 [Comamonas testosteroni KF-1] ZP_01519290.1 3e-04 33% ...

  9. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-04-0027 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-04-0027 ref|NP_611385.1| Juvenile hormone epoxide ... hydrolase 1 CG15101-PA [Drosophila m ... ogaster] gb|AAM88327.1|AF517545_1 juvenile hormone epoxide ... hydrolase I [Drosophila melanogaster] gb|AAF57622. ...

  10. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-03-0029 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-03-0029 ref|XP_001545568.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05....10] gb|EDN23745.1| predicted protein [Botryotinia fuckeliana B05.10] XP_001545568.1 2e-41 90% ...

  11. The Revitalization of Women’s Entrepreneurship Spirit In Micro Enterprises With Islamic Microfinance Institution (IMI) (Study on The Contribution of BMTs Agam Madani in Agam sub-province, West Sumatra)

    OpenAIRE

    Hesi Eka Puteri

    2014-01-01

    Objective - The objective of this paper is to give an overview of the contribution of Islamic Microfinance Institutions (IMI) in the process of empowerment of women microenterprises, and recommended a related policy.Method – This study is a field research in 2012, which focused in BMTs Agam Madani at Agam district. The data is sourced from the observation, documentation and questionnaires from 60 women micro-entrepreneurs samples who receive working capital financing. This paper uses simple r...

  12. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-02-0079 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-02-0079 ref|XP_525054.2| PREDICTED: hedgehog acyltransferase isoform 6 [P...an troglodytes] ref|XP_001169314.1| PREDICTED: hedgehog acyltransferase isoform 3 [Pan troglodytes] ref|XP_0...01169359.1| PREDICTED: hedgehog acyltransferase isoform 4 [Pan troglodytes] ref|XP_001169380.1| PREDICTED: hedgehog acyltransferase isoform 5 [Pan troglodytes] XP_525054.2 4e-33 25% ...

  13. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0044 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0044 ref|NP_771684.1| putative manganese ... transport protein MntH [Bradyrhizobium jap ... onicum USDA 110] sp|Q89K67|MNTH_BRAJA Probable manganese ... transport protein mntH dbj|BAC50309.1| manganese ... t ... zobium japonicum USDA 110] gb|AAO38774.1| probable manganese ... transport protein; MntH1 [Bradyrhizobium japonicum ...

  14. Giant Planets

    CERN Document Server

    Guillot, Tristan

    2014-01-01

    We review the interior structure and evolution of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, and giant exoplanets with particular emphasis on constraining their global composition. Compared to the first edition of this review, we provide a new discussion of the atmospheric compositions of the solar system giant planets, we discuss the discovery of oscillations of Jupiter and Saturn, the significant improvements in our understanding of the behavior of material at high pressures and the consequences for interior and evolution models. We place the giant planets in our Solar System in context with the trends seen for exoplanets.

  15. Phase control studies in Gd5Si2Ge2 giant magnetocaloric compound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Study of time dependence of O(I) to M phase. ► Determination of the optimal annealing time. ► New method for phase amount estimation (O(I) and M). ► Effect of annealing on the MCE. ► Analysis of the nature of the magnetic transition through the Arrot plot representation. - Abstract: A systematic set of annealings on arc-melted synthesized Gd5Si2Ge2 sample was performed. Through powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and magnetometry measurements we monitored the effect of varying the annealing time with constant temperature (T = 1473 K) on the formation of the monoclinic (M) crystallographic phase fraction, which is the one responsible for the giant magnetocaloric effect (GMCE) in this compound. The conversion of the orthorhombic O(I) crystallographic phase into M was achieved, resulting in a significant increase of the M mass fraction. Such conversion led to a change in the magnetic transition nature, evolving from a second to a first order transition for the as-cast and annealed samples, respectively. An optimal annealing time range for the M phase conversion was identified to be within 80–120 min at T = 1473 K followed by a rapid quenching to liquid N2. Furthermore, an increase up to ∼50% of the magnetocaloric effect was obtained for the sample annealed during 120 min.

  16. Complexity in Climatic Controls on Plant Species Distribution: Satellite Data Reveal Unique Climate for Giant Sequoia in the California Sierra Nevada

    OpenAIRE

    Waller, Eric Kindseth

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACTComplexity in Climatic Controls on Plant Species Distribution: Satellite Data Reveal Unique Climate for Giant Sequoia in the California Sierra NevadabyEric Kindseth WallerDoctor of Philosophy in Environmental Science, Policy, and ManagementUniversity of California, BerkeleyProfessor Dennis D. Baldocchi, ChairA better understanding of the environmental controls on current plant species distribution is essential if the impacts of such diverse challenges as invasive species, changing fir...

  17. Controlled trapping and detection of magnetic particles by a magnetic microactuator and a giant magnetoresistance (GMR) sensor

    KAUST Repository

    Giouroudi, Ioanna

    2014-04-01

    This paper presents the design and testing of an integrated micro-chip for the controlled trapping and detection of magnetic particles (MPs). A unique magnetic micro-actuator consisting of square-shaped conductors is used to manipulate the MPs towards a giant magnetoresistance (GMR) sensing element which rapidly detects the majority of MPs trapped around the square-shaped conductors. The ability to precisely transport a small number of MPs in a controlled manner over long distances by magnetic forces enables the rapid concentration of a majority of MPs to the sensing zone for detection. This is especially important in low concentration samples. The conductors are designed in such a manner so as to increase the capture efficiency as well as the precision and speed of transportation. By switching current to different conductors, MPs can be manipulated and immobilized on the innermost conductor where the GMR sensor is located. This technique rapidly guides the MPs towards the sensing zone. Secondly, for optimum measurement capability with high spatial resolution the GMR sensor is fabricated directly underneath and all along the innermost conductor to detect the stray fields originating from the MPs. Finally, a microfluidic channel is fabricated on top of this micro-chip. Experiments inside the microchannel were carried out and the MPs were successfully trapped at the sensing area. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications.

  18. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0048 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0048 ref|NP_406604.1| putative potassium efflux system [Yersinia pestis... CO92] ref|NP_668384.1| alpha helix protein [Yersinia pestis KIM] ref|ZP_01887060.1| putative potassium eff...lux system [Yersinia pestis CA88-4125] gb|AAM84635.1|AE013709_4 putative alpha helix protein [Yersinia pestis... KIM] emb|CAL21724.1| putative potassium efflux system [Yersinia pestis CO92] gb|EDM41512.1| putati...ve potassium efflux system [Yersinia pestis CA88-4125] NP_406604.1 1e-106 53% ...

  19. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-07-0070 ref|YP_961710.1| multiple antibiotic resistance (MarC)-related pr...otein [Shewanella sp. W3-18-1] ref|ZP_01705111.1| multiple antibiotic resistance (MarC)-related proteins [Sh...ewanella putrefaciens 200] ref|YP_001181982.1| multiple antibiotic resistance (MarC)-related protein [Shewan...ella putrefaciens CN-32] gb|ABM23156.1| multiple antibiotic resistance (MarC)-rel...ated protein [Shewanella sp. W3-18-1] gb|EAY54633.1| multiple antibiotic resistance (MarC)-related proteins

  20. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0043 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0043 ref|NP_071435.2| transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 1 [...Homo sapiens] sp|Q969X1|TMBI1_HUMAN Transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif-containing protein 1 (Protein RECS1 ho...molog) gb|AAH26348.1| Transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 1 [Homo sapiens] gb|EAW70607.1| transmembrane BAX inhibit...or motif containing 1, isoform CRA_a [Homo sapiens] gb|EAW70609.1| transme...mbrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 1, isoform CRA_a [Homo sapiens] NP_071435.2 0.13 26% ...

  1. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-AGAM-01-0043 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-AGAM-01-0043 ref|NP_001007714.1| transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing ...1 [Rattus norvegicus] gb|AAH79087.1| Transmembrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 1 [Rattus norvegicus] gb|EDL75346.1| transme...mbrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 1, isoform CRA_a [Rattus norvegicus] gb|EDL75347.1| transme...mbrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 1, isoform CRA_a [Rattus norvegicus] gb|EDL75348.1| transme...mbrane BAX inhibitor motif containing 1, isoform CRA_a [Rattus norvegicus] NP_001007714.1 0.23 28% ...

  2. Multi-petal cyclamen flowers produced by AGAMOUS chimeric repressor expression

    OpenAIRE

    Yuri Tanaka; Yoshimi Oshima; Tomomichi Yamamura; Masao Sugiyama; Nobutaka Mitsuda; Norihiro Ohtsubo; Masaru Ohme-Takagi; Teruhiko Terakawa

    2013-01-01

    Cyclamen persicum (cyclamen) is a commercially valuable, winter-blooming perennial plant. We cloned two cyclamen orthologues of AGAMOUS (AG), CpAG1 and CpAG2, which are mainly expressed in the stamen and carpel, respectively. Cyclamen flowers have 5 petals, but expression of a chimeric repressor of CpAG1 (CpAG1-SRDX) caused stamens to convert into petals, resulting in a flower with 10 petals. By contrast, CpAG2-SRDX only caused incomplete formation of stamens and carpels. Expression in Arabid...

  3. Giant strain control of magnetoelectric effect in Ta/Fe/MgO

    CERN Document Server

    Odkhuu, Dorj

    2016-01-01

    The exploration of electric field controlled magnetism has come under scrutiny for its intriguing magnetoelectric phenomenon as well as technological advances in spintronics. Herein, the tremendous effect of an epitaxial strain on voltage-controlled perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (VPMA) is demonstrated in a transition-metal/ferromagnet/MgO (TM/FM/MgO) heterostructure from first-principles electronic structure computation. By tuning the epitaxial strain in Ta/Fe/MgO as a model system of TM/FM/MgO, we find distinctly different behaviours of VPMA from V- to {\\Lambda}-shape trends with a substantially large magnetoelectric coefficient, up to an order of 1000 fJ/Vm. We further reveal that the VPMA modulation under strain is mainly governed by the inherently large spin-orbit coupling of Ta 5d-Fe 3d hybridized orbitals at the TM/FM interface, although the Fe 3d-O 2p hybridization at the FM/MgO is partly responsible in determining the PMA of Ta/Fe/MgO. These results suggest that the control of epitaxial strain ena...

  4. Giant strain control of magnetoelectric effect in Ta|Fe|MgO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odkhuu, Dorj

    2016-01-01

    The exploration of electric field controlled magnetism has come under scrutiny for its intriguing magnetoelectric phenomenon as well as technological advances in spintronics. Herein, the tremendous effect of an epitaxial strain on voltage-controlled perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (VPMA) is demonstrated in a transition-metal|ferromagnet|MgO (TM|FM|MgO) heterostructure from first-principles electronic structure computation. By tuning the epitaxial strain in Ta|Fe|MgO as a model system of TM|FM|MgO, we find distinctly different behaviours of VPMA from V- to Λ-shape trends with a substantially large magnetoelectric coefficient, up to an order of 103 fJV−1m−1. We further reveal that the VPMA modulation under strain is mainly governed by the inherently large spin-orbit coupling of Ta 5d–Fe 3d hybridized orbitals at the TM|FM interface, although the Fe 3d–O 2p hybridization at the FM|MgO interface is partly responsible in determining the PMA of Ta|Fe|MgO. These results suggest that the control of epitaxial strain enables the engineering of VPMA, and provides physical insights for the divergent behaviors of VPMA and magnetoelectric coefficients found in TM|FM|MgO experiments. PMID:27597448

  5. Hypogenic origin, geologic controls and functional organization of a giant cave system in Precambrian carbonates, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimchouk, Alexander; Auler, Augusto S.; Bezerra, Francisco H. R.; Cazarin, Caroline L.; Balsamo, Fabrizio; Dublyansky, Yuri

    2016-01-01

    This study is focused on speleogenesis of the Toca da Boa Vista (TBV) and Toca da Barriguda (TBR), the longest caves in South America occurring in the Neoproterozoic Salitre Formation in the São Francisco Craton, NE Brazil. We employ a multidisciplinary approach integrating detailed speleomorphogenetic, lithostratigraphic and geological structure studies in order to reveal the origin of the caves, their functional organization and geologic controls on their development. The caves developed in deep-seated confined conditions by rising flow. The overall fields of passages of TBV and TBR caves represent a speleogenetically exploited large NE-SW-trending fracture corridor associated with a major thrust. This corridor vertically extends across the Salitre Formation allowing the rise of deep fluids. In the overall ascending flow system, the formation of the cave pattern was controlled by a system of sub-parallel anticlines and troughs with NNE-SSW dominant orientation, and by vertical and lateral heterogeneities in fracture distribution. Three cave-stratigraphic stories reflect the actual hydrostratigraphy during the main phase of speleogenesis. Cavities at different stories are distinct in morphology and functioning. The gross tree-dimensional pattern of the system is effectively organized to conduct rising flow in deep-seated confined conditions. Cavities in the lower story developed as recharge components to the system. A laterally extensive conduit network in the middle story formed because the vertical flow from numerous recharge points has been redirected laterally along the highly conductive unit, occurring below the major seal - a scarcely fractured unit. Rift-like and shaft-like conduits in the upper story developed along fracture-controlled outflow paths, breaching the integrity of the major seal, and served as outlets for the cave system. The cave system represents a series of vertically organized, functionally largely independent clusters of cavities

  6. Role for the banana AGAMOUS-like gene MaMADS7 in regulation of fruit ripening and quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Juhua; Liu, Lin; Li, Yujia; Jia, Caihong; Zhang, Jianbin; Miao, Hongxia; Hu, Wei; Wang, Zhuo; Xu, Biyu; Jin, Zhiqiang

    2015-11-01

    MADS-box transcription factors play important roles in organ development. In plants, most studies on MADS-box genes have mainly focused on flower development and only a few concerned fruit development and ripening. A new MADS-box gene named MaMADS7 was isolated from banana fruit by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) based on a MADS-box fragment obtained from a banana suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) cDNA library. MaMADS7 is an AGAMOUS-like MADS-box gene that is preferentially expressed in the ovaries and fruits and in tobacco its protein product localizes to the nucleus. This study found that MaMADS7 expression can be induced by exogenous ethylene. Ectopic expression of MaMADS7 in tomato resulted in broad ripening phenotypes. The expression levels of seven ripening and quality-related genes, ACO1, ACS2, E4, E8, PG, CNR and PSY1 in MaMADS7 transgenic tomato fruits were greatly increased while the expression of the AG-like MADS-box gene TAGL1 was suppressed. Compared with the control, the contents of β-carotene, lycopene, ascorbic acid and organic acid in transformed tomato fruits were increased, while the contents of glucose and fructose were slightly decreased. MaMADS7 interacted with banana 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) oxidase gene 1 (MaACO1) and tomato phytoene synthase gene (LePSY1) promoters. Our results indicated that MaMADS7 plays an important role in initiating endogenous ethylene biosynthesis and fruit ripening. PMID:25980771

  7. Driver or coincidence detector: Modal switch of a corticothalamic giant synapse controlled by spontaneous activity and short-term depression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Groh (Alexander); C.P.J. de Kock (Christiaan); V.C. Wimmer (Verena); B. Sakmann (Bert); T. Kuner (Thomas)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractGiant synapses between layer 5B (L5B) neurons of somatosensory (barrel) cortex and neurons of the posteromedial nucleus (POm) of thalamus reside in a key position of the cortico-thalamo-cortical (CTC) loop, yet their synaptic properties and contribution to CTC information processing rema

  8. CIRCADIAN CONTROL OF VISUAL INFORMATION-PROCESSING IN THE OPTIC LOBE OF THE GIANT COCKROACH BLABERUS-GIGANTEUS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BULT, R; MASTEBROEK, HAK

    1993-01-01

    Extracellular spike activity from three different types of visual interneurons found in the optic lobe of the giant cockroach Blaberus giganteus was recorded. The spike rate of all three types of neurons fluctuated in a circadian manner in constant darkness (DD). Two types, so-called ''on'' neurons

  9. Giant magnetofossils and hyperthermal events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Liao; Roberts, Andrew P.; Williams, Wyn; Fitz Gerald, John D.; Larrasoaña, Juan C.; Jovane, Luigi; Muxworthy, Adrian R.

    2012-10-01

    Magnetotactic bacteria biomineralize magnetic minerals with precisely controlled size, morphology, and stoichiometry. These cosmopolitan bacteria are widely observed in aquatic environments. If preserved after burial, the inorganic remains of magnetotactic bacteria act as magnetofossils that record ancient geomagnetic field variations. They also have potential to provide paleoenvironmental information. In contrast to conventional magnetofossils, giant magnetofossils (most likely produced by eukaryotic organisms) have only been reported once before from Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM; 55.8 Ma) sediments on the New Jersey coastal plain. Here, using transmission electron microscopic observations, we present evidence for abundant giant magnetofossils, including previously reported elongated prisms and spindles, and new giant bullet-shaped magnetite crystals, in the Southern Ocean near Antarctica, not only during the PETM, but also shortly before and after the PETM. Moreover, we have discovered giant bullet-shaped magnetite crystals from the equatorial Indian Ocean during the Mid-Eocene Climatic Optimum (˜40 Ma). Our results indicate a more widespread geographic, environmental, and temporal distribution of giant magnetofossils in the geological record with a link to "hyperthermal" events. Enhanced global weathering during hyperthermals, and expanded suboxic diagenetic environments, probably provided more bioavailable iron that enabled biomineralization of giant magnetofossils. Our micromagnetic modelling indicates the presence of magnetic multi-domain (i.e., not ideal for navigation) and single domain (i.e., ideal for navigation) structures in the giant magnetite particles depending on their size, morphology and spatial arrangement. Different giant magnetite crystal morphologies appear to have had different biological functions, including magnetotaxis and other non-navigational purposes. Our observations suggest that hyperthermals provided ideal conditions for

  10. Risk Factors for Giant Retinal Tears

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morteza Mehdizadeh

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the risk factors associated with giant retinal tears. Methods: This retrospective study was performed on medical records of 150 patients who had undergone retinal detachment surgery. Age, sex, history of trauma, lens status (phakic, pseudophakic, or aphakic, and high myopia were evaluated in association with giant retinal tears. Results: Of 150 patients with retinal detachments, 99 subjects (66% were older than 30 years while 51 (34% were 30 years of age or younger. Overall, 26 (17.3% patients had giant retinal tears. Controlling for all variables, only age had a significant correlation with giant retinal tears. Each year of advancing age was associated with a 6% decrease in the incidence of giant retinal tears. Conclusion: Young age is a significant risk factor for development of giant retinal tears.

  11. What Is Giant Cell Arteritis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Uveitis Focus On Pediatric Ophthalmology Education Center Oculofacial Plastic Surgery Center Laser Surgery Education Center Redmond Ethics ... What Is Giant Cell Arteritis? Giant Cell Arteritis Symptoms Who Is At Risk for Giant Cell Arteritis? Giant Cell Arteritis Diagnosis ...

  12. Isostasy-controlled thinning-upward cycles in the Mediterranean?; a comparison with the Zechstein salt giant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van den Belt, Frank J. G.; De Boer, Poppe L.

    2014-05-01

    The desiccated deep-basin model, originally developed for the Mediterranean salt giant, deviated significantly from existing models and it has never been satisfactorily translated into a general concept. With time, however, Mediterranean models evolved towards moderate basin depths and the view that deposition took place in a flooded basin has gained reputation. These new insights have bridged the gap with general evaporite models and open possibilities of integrating concepts developed for other salt giants into the model. Recent modelling work (Van den Belt & De Boer, 2012) based on the Zechstein salt basin has shown that the thickness and composition of subsequent evaporite cycles can be explained by a model that involves a repetition of a three-stage process of 1) progressive narrowing of an ocean corridor in response to sulphate-platform progradation, resulting in 2) brine concentration and rapid infilling of the basin with halite and potash salts, the load of which causes 3) isostatic creation of accommodation space for the next cycle. Isostatic theory predicts that each cycle has approximately half the thickness of the previous one, e.g. 1.0 > 0.50 > 0.25 > 0.125 followed by a number of (coalesced) smaller cycles with a joint thickness of 0.125. The sequence in the basin centre then adds up to 2, which is two times the original basin depth. For the Zechstein case actual cycle thickness well matches these predicted values with cycle thicknesses of about 1.06 > 0.54 > 0.18 > 0.10 and 0.12. The cycle build-up of the Mediterranean salt giant is less well known, because of limited deep drilling. There are at least two cycles, a thin upper overlying a thick lower unit, but comparison of Zechstein patterns with Mediterranean sections has shown that more cycles may be present. Typical cycle boundaries include K/Mg-salt interbeds in halite units, and halite interbeds in sulphate units. Interestingly, analysis has shown that such indicators in Mediterranean sections

  13. Giant Cell Arteritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giant cell arteritis is a disorder that causes inflammation of your arteries, usually in the scalp, neck, and arms. ... arteries, which keeps blood from flowing well. Giant cell arteritis often occurs with another disorder called polymyalgia ...

  14. Nonlinear dynamic characteristics and optimal control of a giant magnetostrictive film-shaped memory alloy composite plate subjected to in-plane stochastic excitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nonlinear dynamic characteristics and optimal control of a giant magnetostrictive film (GMF)-shaped memory alloy (SMA) composite plate subjected to in-plane stochastic excitation are studied. GMF is prepared based on an SMA plate, and combined into a GMF—SMA composite plate. The Van der Pol item is improved to explain the hysteretic phenomena of GMF and SMA, and the nonlinear dynamics model of a GMF—SMA composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane stochastic excitation is developed. The stochastic stability of the system is analyzed, and the steady-state probability density function of the dynamic response of the system is obtained. The condition of stochastic Hopf bifurcation is discussed, the reliability function of the system is provided, and then the probability density of the first-passage time is given. Finally, the stochastic optimal control strategy is proposed by the stochastic dynamic programming method. Numerical simulation shows that the stability of the trivial solution varies with bifurcation parameters, and stochastic Hopf bifurcation appears in the process; the system's reliability is improved through stochastic optimal control, and the first-passage time is delayed. A GMF—SMA composite plate combines the advantages of GMF and SMA, and can reduce vibration through passive control and active control effectively. The results are helpful for the engineering applications of GMF—SMA composite plates. (special topic — international conference on nanoscience and technology, china 2013)

  15. The Revitalization of Women’s Entrepreneurship Spirit In Micro Enterprises With Islamic Microfinance Institution (IMI (Study on The Contribution of BMTs Agam Madani in Agam sub-province, West Sumatra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hesi Eka Puteri

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective - The objective of this paper is to give an overview of the contribution of Islamic Microfinance Institutions (IMI in the process of empowerment of women microenterprises, and recommended a related policy.Method – This study is a field research in 2012, which focused in BMTs Agam Madani at Agam district. The data is sourced from the observation, documentation and questionnaires from 60 women micro-entrepreneurs samples who receive working capital financing. This paper uses simple regression model in order to observe relationship between working capital and the increasing of revenue. This model is to measure the amount of the multiplier effect in working capital-to increasing of revenue.Result – This paper found that IMI is a good model to develop society more prosperous by developing BMTs in each district. These BMT has thousands of micro enterprises member and could revitalized the spirit of entrepreneurship of minangkabau’s women. A research to 60 women’s micro entrepreneur samples showed the positive significant influence between lending to revenue. A multiplier effect equal to 0.068.The small number of multiplier effect implied that many factors determining their revenue, not lending only.Conclusion – This finding could explain that IMI could empower micro entrepreneur woman. This finding also recommend few strategies: 1 Revitalization of BMTs as micro catalyst by revitalization of structure of organization, products variation, human resource compentence, sharia monitoring, public cooperation and implementating local cultural value 2 Revitalization of government role as fasilitator, coordinator, initiator and mediator in developing micro sector. Keywords : Women’s Entrepreneurship, Micro Enterprises, Islamic Microfinance Institution, BMTs Agam Madani 

  16. Regulatory elements of the floral homeotic gene AGAMOUS identified by phylogenetic footprinting and shadowing.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, R. L., Hamaguchi, L., Busch, M. A., and Weigel, D.

    2003-06-01

    OAK-B135 In Arabidopsis thaliana, cis-regulatory sequences of the floral homeotic gene AGAMOUS (AG) are located in the second intron. This 3 kb intron contains binding sites for two direct activators of AG, LEAFY (LFY) and WUSCHEL (WUS), along with other putative regulatory elements. We have used phylogenetic footprinting and the related technique of phylogenetic shadowing to identify putative cis-regulatory elements in this intron. Among 29 Brassicaceae, several other motifs, but not the LFY and WUS binding sites previously identified, are largely invariant. Using reporter gene analyses, we tested six of these motifs and found that they are all functionally important for activity of AG regulatory sequences in A. thaliana. Although there is little obvious sequence similarity outside the Brassicaceae, the intron from cucumber AG has at least partial activity in A. thaliana. Our studies underscore the value of the comparative approach as a tool that complements gene-by-gene promoter dissection, but also highlight that sequence-based studies alone are insufficient for a complete identification of cis-regulatory sites.

  17. ANALISIS EFEKTIFITAS PROGRAMPELATIHAN DIKLAT PIM III TERHADAP KOMPETENSI PEJABAT ESELON III DI PEMERINTAH KABUPATEN AGAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Amaluis

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In the management of Human Resources, there are several basic functions. The evaluation function is one of them, in addition to planning, organizing and execution. Training programs as one strategy of human resource development requires the evaluation function to determine the effectiveness of ProgramPelatihan.Program Training for Civil Servants aims to improve the ability to lead, work competence and performance. In this study, the training program is intended Leadership Training Level III. This study aims to measure the relationship to increased Competence Training Program. Respondents consisted of 96 graduates of Leadership Training Level III who currently holds the post of structural Echelon III in Agam district government (leader. The approach used is quantitative by distributing a questionnaire to all respondents. Training Program evaluation method using Kirkpatrick & Kirkpatrick. The analysis used is a simple correlation between variables see significant value. The result showed that the training program is significantly correlated to the increased competence. This means that any increase in the value of the variable training program will be followed by a rise in the value of the variable competence. From this research can be concluded that the organizers of the training program is necessary to conduct in-depth Training Needs Analysis

  18. The clay feet of the malaria giant and its African roots: hypotheses and inferences about origin, spread and control of Plasmodium falciparum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coluzzi, M

    1999-09-01

    Grassi's allegory of the fragile feet of clay of the malaria giant applies particularly to Plasmodium falciparum marginal populations in temperate climates such as those that spread within the last three thousand years in the Mediterranean area through their close association with non diapausing vectors of the Anopheles maculipennis complex. The winter survival of the vector and the successful completion of the sporogonic cycle depended on the availability of the house environment to the mosquito. The fragility of the parasite's cycle became especially evident with the crucial impact of indoor-sprayed residual insecticides resulting in very rapid malaria eradication. The malaria giant showed to possess much more solid feet in the Tropics where P. falciparum eventually reached an exceptionally stable endemicity in sub-Saharan Africa due to a vectorial system which produces inoculation rates far higher than the minimum necessary to saturate human populations. This very high transmissibility resulting from recent human-dependent speciation processes in Afrotropical Anopheles mosquitoes (namely the emergence in the Neolithic period of specifically anthropophilic taxa in the An. funestus and An. gambiae complexes) had probably a key influence on the origin of the modern P. falciparum from an ancestral, less pathogenic, taxon. It is hypothesised that under the prevalence of multiple inoculation during epidemic flashes, a fast growing, aggressive strain responsible for acute, short-lived infections was selected. This quickly replaced the ancestral taxon and spread all over the world taking advantage of previous Anopheles radiation and of the demographic expansion following the agricultural revolution. Dealing with the African 'roots' of the malaria giant means to face both the exceptional stability of the parasite cycle and the risk of disrupting the human natural response with unsustainable interventions. Most efforts should be concentrated in the support and improvement

  19. Phase control studies in Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} giant magnetocaloric compound

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belo, J.H. [IFIMUP and IN-Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Departamento de Fisica e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Pereira, A.M., E-mail: ampereira@fc.up.pt [IFIMUP and IN-Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Departamento de Fisica e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Ventura, J.; Oliveira, G.N.P. [IFIMUP and IN-Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Departamento de Fisica e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Araujo, J.P., E-mail: jearaujo@fc.up.pt [IFIMUP and IN-Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Departamento de Fisica e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Tavares, P.B.; Fernandes, L. [Departamento de Quimica and CQ-VR, Universidade de Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, 5001-801 Vila Real (Portugal); Algarabel, P.A. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragon, Universidad de Zaragoza and Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Magen, C. [Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon-ARAID, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Morellon, L. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragon, Universidad de Zaragoza and Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); and others

    2012-07-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Study of time dependence of O(I) to M phase. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Determination of the optimal annealing time. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New method for phase amount estimation (O(I) and M). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Effect of annealing on the MCE. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Analysis of the nature of the magnetic transition through the Arrot plot representation. - Abstract: A systematic set of annealings on arc-melted synthesized Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} sample was performed. Through powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and magnetometry measurements we monitored the effect of varying the annealing time with constant temperature (T = 1473 K) on the formation of the monoclinic (M) crystallographic phase fraction, which is the one responsible for the giant magnetocaloric effect (GMCE) in this compound. The conversion of the orthorhombic O(I) crystallographic phase into M was achieved, resulting in a significant increase of the M mass fraction. Such conversion led to a change in the magnetic transition nature, evolving from a second to a first order transition for the as-cast and annealed samples, respectively. An optimal annealing time range for the M phase conversion was identified to be within 80-120 min at T = 1473 K followed by a rapid quenching to liquid N{sub 2}. Furthermore, an increase up to {approx}50% of the magnetocaloric effect was obtained for the sample annealed during 120 min.

  20. DNA Synthesis in the Giant Nuclei of Insects - Control Machinery and Structures Observed in the Silk-Producing Gland of Bombyx Mori

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The existence in many insect organs of giant nuclei without visible chromosomes raises the question of possible homologies between the chromatin structures of these nuclei and those of polytene nuclei or common euploid cells. Studies have been made of the nuclei in the silk-producing gland of Bombyx mori. The DNA synthesis is cyclic. During the third stage there are three successive synthesis cycles, which appear to be relatively autonomous in the individual nuclei. For more than 24 hours after moulting, however, synthesis is greatly reduced; moulting factors thus cause synchronization of all the nuclei. This leads to the conclusion that the triggering of a synthesis cycle is controlled by general factors external to the cell. At the end of larval development, DNA synthesis is suspended at the moment when large-scale secretion of silk begins. Evaluation of the pool of endogenic precursors of DNA shows that it is considerably reduced at the end of the DNA synthesis period. The hypothesis proposed is that large-scale synthesis of fibroin requires polarization of the metabolism, hence the depletion of the nucleotide pool and the end of DNA synthesis. DNA synthesis within a single nucleus is to some extent asynchronic. In particular, a well-defined, delayed-synthesis structure visible only in the female seems to be a possible homologue of a sex chromosome. Other asynchronisms are also apparent, though less clearly. Functional studies thus allow the supposition that in the giant nucleus replication units retain an individuality comparable to that of a polytene chromosome. These observations together lead to the conclusion that a nucleus in the silk-producing gland has physiological and structural characteristics similar to those of a polytene nucleus, differing from it essentially in the lesser degree of condensation of its structures. (author)

  1. Squashed giants: bound states of giant gravitons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider giant gravitons in the maximally supersymmetric type IIB plane-wave, in the presence of a constant NSNS B-field background. We show that in response to the background B-field the giant graviton would take the shape of a deformed three-sphere, the size and shape of which depend on the B-field, and that the giant becomes classically unstable once the B-field is larger than a critical value Bcr. In particular, for the B-field which is (anti-)self-dual under the SO(4) isometry of the original giant S3, the closed string metric is that of a round S3, while the open string metric is a squashed three-sphere. The squashed giant can be interpreted as a bound state of a spherical three-brane and circular D-strings. We work out the spectrum of geometric fluctuations of the squashed giant and study its stability. We also comment on the gauge theory which lives on the brane (which is generically a noncommutative theory) and a possible dual gauge theory description of the deformed giant. (author)

  2. Complexity in Climatic Controls on Plant Species Distribution: Satellite Data Reveal Unique Climate for Giant Sequoia in the California Sierra Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waller, Eric Kindseth

    A better understanding of the environmental controls on current plant species distribution is essential if the impacts of such diverse challenges as invasive species, changing fire regimes, and global climate change are to be predicted and important diversity conserved. Climate, soil, hydrology, various biotic factors fire, history, and chance can all play a role, but disentangling these factors is a daunting task. Increasingly sophisticated statistical models relying on existing distributions and mapped climatic variables, among others, have been developed to try to answer these questions. Any failure to explain pattern with existing mapped climatic variables is often taken as a referendum on climate as a whole, rather than on the limitations of the particular maps or models. Every location has a unique and constantly changing climate so that any distribution could be explained by some aspect of climate. Chapter 1 of this dissertation reviews some of the major flaws in species distribution modeling and addresses concerns that climate may therefore not be predictive of, or even relevant to, species distributions. Despite problems with climate-based models, climate and climate-derived variables still have substantial merit for explaining species distribution patterns. Additional generation of relevant climate variables and improvements in other climate and climate-derived variables are still needed to demonstrate this more effectively. Satellite data have a long history of being used for vegetation mapping and even species distribution mapping. They have great potential for being used for additional climatic information, and for improved mapping of other climate and climate-derived variables. Improving the characterization of cloud cover frequency with satellite data is one way in which the mapping of important climate and climate-derived variables can be improved. An important input to water balance models, solar radiation maps could be vastly improved with a

  3. Stochastic bifurcation and fractal and chaos control of a giant magnetostrictive film-shape memory alloy composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane harmonic and stochastic excitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Zhiwen, E-mail: zhuzhiwentju@163.com [Department of Mechanics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Tianjin Key Laboratory of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos Control, Tianjin 300072 (China); Zhang, Qingxin, E-mail: zqxfirst@163.com; Xu, Jia, E-mail: xujia-ld@163.com [Department of Mechanics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)

    2014-05-07

    Stochastic bifurcation and fractal and chaos control of a giant magnetostrictive film–shape memory alloy (GMF–SMA) composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane harmonic and stochastic excitation were studied. Van der Pol items were improved to interpret the hysteretic phenomena of both GMF and SMA, and the nonlinear dynamic model of a GMF–SMA composite cantilever plate subjected to in-plane harmonic and stochastic excitation was developed. The probability density function of the dynamic response of the system was obtained, and the conditions of stochastic Hopf bifurcation were analyzed. The conditions of noise-induced chaotic response were obtained in the stochastic Melnikov integral method, and the fractal boundary of the safe basin of the system was provided. Finally, the chaos control strategy was proposed in the stochastic dynamic programming method. Numerical simulation shows that stochastic Hopf bifurcation and chaos appear in the parameter variation process. The boundary of the safe basin of the system has fractal characteristics, and its area decreases when the noise intensifies. The system reliability was improved through stochastic optimal control, and the safe basin area of the system increased.

  4. Giant Cell Tumor: Role of Conservative Treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Anatolii Diedkov[1; Pavlo Kovalchuk[1; Marija Kukushkina[2; Sergey Bojchuk[1; Viktor Kostyuk[1

    2014-01-01

    Giant cell tumor is aggressive bone tumor. Surgical treatment is considered to be the only effective method of treatment ofthese tumors. The problem of inoperable patients with giant cell tumors is a challenge. A total of 8 patients had giant cell bone tumorsof pelvis and sacrum. 3 patients were treated by bisphosphonates, radiation therapy and embolization of tumor-nutrient arteries. 5patients received denosumab. The efficiency was assessed according to clinical data and CT scan control. Median follow up is 28months. All 8 patients had reduction of pain intensity. Treatment with denosumab demonstrated more than 30% tumor regression. Allof the patients are in remission.

  5. Studies show giant panda could survive

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is not a relic species, and it can survive, according to scientists. Employing microsatellite and mitochondrial control region (CR) sequences as genetic markers, CAS researchers have obtained some key information about the giant panda and its recent evolution history. Their discovery that the lovely creature still possesses high genetic diversity and evolution potentials challenges the hypothesis suggesting the giant panda is facing an"evolutionary dead-end." The research was reported in a recent issue of Molecular Biology and Evolution by a team of scientists led by Prof.WEI Fuwen of the CAS Institute of Zoology and Prof. Michael W.Bruford of Cardiff University.

  6. Environmental controls on spatial patterns in the long-term persistence of giant kelp in central California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Mary Alida; Cavanaugh, Kyle C.; Bell, Tom W.; Raimondi, Peter T.; Edwards, Christopher A.; Drake, Patrick T.; Erikson, Li H.; Storlazzi, Curt

    2016-01-01

    persistence of giant kelp is important to the community structure of kelp forests, 64 understanding those factors that support persistent populations of M. pyrifera will enable more 65 effective management of these ecosystems.

  7. An adaptive genetic algorithm for misalignment estimation (AGAME) in circular, sequential and spiral cone-beam micro-CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The reconstruction of volumetric datasets based on micro-CT scans is a common task in every small animal imaging lab. The used reconstruction algorithms thereby rely on the exact knowledge of the scanner geometry. If this geometry is misaligned or not known accurately severe artifacts in terms of edge blurring and a loss in spatial resolution appear in the reconstructed images as long as no geometry calibration is performed. We propose a novel method for misalignment estimation of micro-CT scanners using an adaptive genetic algorithm (AGAME) that does not rely on dedicated calibration phantoms. Furthermore not only the misaligned scanner geometry is estimated but also the direction vector of table movement as well as the displacement between different imaging chains within a scanner. The algorithm is validated using simulations of a micro-CT scanner indicating that the misalignment can be estimated up to a relative error of less than 1 % compared to the simulated geometry which is sufficient to reconstruct volumes without misalignment artifacts. To assess the quality of the algorithm in a real world scenario the calibration of a micro-CT scanner is performed and several reconstructions with and without misalignment estimation are carried out proving that the AGAME algorithm is able to succesfully estimate all geometry parameters. (orig.)

  8. Alternative splicing of the AGAMOUS orthologous gene in double flower of Magnolia stellata (Magnoliaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Bo; Liu, Zhi-Xiong; Ma, Jiang; Song, Yi; Chen, Fa-Ju

    2015-12-01

    Magnolia stellata is a woody ornamental shrub with more petaloid tepals than related plants from family Magnoliaceae. Recent studies revealed that expression changes in an AGAMOUS (AG) orthologous gene could resulted in double flowers with increased numbers of petals. We isolated three transcripts encoding different isoforms of a single AG orthologous gene, MastAG, mastag_2 and mastag_3, from M. stellata. Sequence alignments and Southern blot analyses suggested that MastAG was a single-copy gene in M. stellata genomes, and that mastag_2 and mastag_3 were abnormally spliced isoforms of MastAG. An 144bp exon skipping in MastAG results in the truncated mastag_2 protein lacking the completely I domain and 18 aa of the K1 subdomain, whereas an 165bp exon skipping of MastAG produces a truncated mastag_3 protein lacking 6 aa of the K3 subdomain and the completely C terminal region. Expression analyses showed that three alternative splicing (AS) isoforms expressed only in developing stamens and carpels. Functional analyses revealed that MastAG could mimic the endogenous AG to specify carpel identity, but failed to regulate stamen development in an Arabidopsis ag-1 mutant. Moreover, the key domain or subdomain deletions represented by mastag_2 and mastag_3 resulted in loss of C-function. However, ectopic expression of mastag_2 in Arabidopsis produced flowers with sepals converted into carpeloid organs, but without petals and stamens, whereas ectopic expression of mastag_3 in Arabidopsis could mimic the flower phenotype of the ag mutant and produced double flowers with homeotic transformation of stamens into petals and carpels into another ag flower. Our results also suggest that mastag_3 holds some potential for biotechnical engineering to create multi-petal phenotypes in commercial ornamental cultivars. PMID:26706078

  9. Bridging the ``green gap'' of LEDs: giant light output enhancement and directional control of LEDs via embedded nano-void photonic crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Yu-Lin; Liu, Che-Yu; Krishnan, Chirenjeevi; Lin, Da-Wei; Chu, You-Chen; Chen, Tzu-Pei; Shen, Tien-Lin; Kao, Tsung-Sheng; Charlton, Martin D. B.; Yu, Peichen; Lin, Chien-Chung; Kuo, Hao-Chung; He-Hau, Jr.

    2015-12-01

    Green LEDs do not show the same level of performance as their blue and red cousins, greatly hindering the solid-state lighting development, which is the so-called ``green gap''. In this work, nano-void photonic crystals (NVPCs) were fabricated to embed within the GaN/InGaN green LEDs by using epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) and nano-sphere lithography techniques. The NVPCs act as an efficient scattering back-reflector to outcouple the guided and downward photons, which not only boost the light extraction efficiency of LEDs with an enhancement of 78% but also collimate the view angle of LEDs from 131.5° to 114.0°. This could be because of the highly scattering nature of NVPCs which reduce the interference giving rise to Fabry-Perot resonance. Moreover, due to the threading dislocation suppression and strain relief by the NVPCs, the internal quantum efficiency was increased by 25% and droop behavior was reduced from 37.4% to 25.9%. The enhancement of light output power can be achieved as high as 151% at a driving current of 350 mA. Giant light output enhancement and directional control via NVPCs point the way towards a promising avenue of solid-state lighting.Green LEDs do not show the same level of performance as their blue and red cousins, greatly hindering the solid-state lighting development, which is the so-called ``green gap''. In this work, nano-void photonic crystals (NVPCs) were fabricated to embed within the GaN/InGaN green LEDs by using epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) and nano-sphere lithography techniques. The NVPCs act as an efficient scattering back-reflector to outcouple the guided and downward photons, which not only boost the light extraction efficiency of LEDs with an enhancement of 78% but also collimate the view angle of LEDs from 131.5° to 114.0°. This could be because of the highly scattering nature of NVPCs which reduce the interference giving rise to Fabry-Perot resonance. Moreover, due to the threading dislocation suppression and

  10. Dynamos of giant planets

    OpenAIRE

    F. H. Busse; Simitev, R.

    2009-01-01

    Possibilities and difficulties of applying the theory of magnetic field generation by convection flows in rotating spherical fluid shells to the Giant Planets are outlined. Recent progress in the understanding of the distribution of electrical conductivity in the Giant Planets suggests that the dynamo process occurs predominantly in regions of semiconductivity. In contrast to the geodynamo the magnetic field generation in the Giant Planets is thus characterized by strong radial conductivity v...

  11. Neglected Giant Scalp Basal Cell Carcinoma

    OpenAIRE

    Anne Kristine Larsen, MD; Waseem-Asim Ghulam El-Charnoubi, MD; Julie Gehl, MD, PhD; Christen Krag, MD, PhD

    2014-01-01

    Summary: Rarely, basal cell carcinoma grows to a giant size, invading the underlying deep tissue and complicating the treatment and reconstruction modalities. A giant basal cell carcinoma on the scalp is in some cases treated with a combination of surgery and radiation therapy, resulting in local control, a satisfactory long-term cosmetic and functional result. We present a case with a neglected basal cell scalp carcinoma, treated with wide excision and postoperative radiotherapy, reconstruct...

  12. Nanodielectrics with giant permittivity

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S K Saha

    2008-06-01

    Nanodielectrics is an emerging area of research because of its potential application in energy storage and transducers. One-dimensional metallic nanostructures with localized electronic wave functions show giant dielectric constant. Following the prediction, during the last couple of years we have investigated the effect of giant permittivity in one-dimensional systems of conventional metals and conjugated polymer chains. In this article, we have tried to summarize the works on giant permittivity and finally the fabrication of nanocapacitor using metal nanowires, which shows giant permittivity is also discussed.

  13. Towards an optimal semiquantitative approach in giant cell arteritis: an {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT case-control study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Besson, Florent L.; Bouvard, Gerard [CHU Caen, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Caen (France); Boysson, Hubert de; Bienvenu, Boris [CHU Caen, Department of Internal Medicine, Caen (France); Parienti, Jean-Jacques [CHU Caen, Department of Biostatistics, Caen (France); Agostini, Denis [CHU Caen, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Caen (France); University of Caen Lower-Normandy, EA 4650, Caen (France)

    2014-01-15

    Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common form of vasculitis in western countries. {sup 18}F-FDG PET has been shown to be a valuable tool for the diagnosis of extracranial GCA, but results of studies are inconsistent due to a lack of standardized {sup 18}F-FDG PET criteria. In this study, we compared different semiquantitative approaches using a controlled design to define the most efficient method. All patients with biopsy-proven GCA who had undergone an {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT scan in our PET unit were reviewed and matched with a control group based on age and sex. Different semiquantitative arterial (ascending and descending thoracic aorta and aortic arch) to background (liver, lung and venous blood pool) SUV ratios were blindly compared between GCA patients and matched controls. We included 11 patients with biopsy-proven GCA cases and 11 matched controls. There were no differences between the groups with regard to body weight, injected radioactivity, blood glucose level or CRP. The arterial to venous blood pool ratios discriminated the two groups better than other methods when applied to the aortic arch and the descending thoracic aorta (p < 0.015). In particular, the highest aortic to highest blood pool SUV{sub max} ratio, when applied to the aortic arch, provided optimal diagnostic performance (sensitivity 81.8 %, specificity 91 %, AUC 0.87; p < 0.0001) using a cut-off value of 1.53. Among all tested {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT methods, the aortic to blood pool SUV{sub max} ratio outperformed the liver and lung ratios. We suggest the use of this ratio for the assessment of aortic inflammation in GCA patients. (orig.)

  14. Simultaneous measurements of magnesium, calcium and sodium influxes in perfused squid giant axons under membrane potential control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojas, E; Taylor, R E

    1975-10-01

    1. Giant axons from the squids Dosidicus gigas, Loligo forbesi and Loligo vulgaris were internally perfused with 550 or 275 mM KF plus sucrose and bathed in artificial sea water containing 45Ca, 28Mg or mixtures of 45Ca-28Mg or 45Ca-22Na. Resting influxes and extra influxes during voltage-clamp pulses were measured by collecting and counting the internal perfusate. 2. For Dosidicus axons in 10 mM-CaCl2 the resting influx of calcium was 0-016 +/- 0-007 p-mole/cm2 sec and a linear function of external concentration. For two experiments in 10 and 84-7 mM-CaCl2, 100 nM tetrodotoxin had no effect. Resting calcium influx in 10 mM-CaCl2 was 0-017 +/- 0-013 p-mole/cm2 sec for Loligo axons. 3. With 55 mM-MgCl2 outside the average resting magnesium influx was 0-124 +/- 0-080 p-mole/cm2 sec for Loligo axons. Discarding one aberrant point the value is 0-105 +/- 0-046 which is not significantly different from the resting calcium influx for Dosidicus fibres in 55 mM-CaCl2, given as 0-094 p-mole/cm2 sec by the regression line shown in Fig. 1. In two experiments 150 nM tetrodotoxin had no effect. 4. With 430 mM-NaCl outside 100 nM tetrodotoxin reduced the average resting influx of sodium in Dosidicus axon from 27-7 +/- 4-5 to 25-1 +/- 6-2 p-mole/cm2 sec and for Loligo fibres in 460 mM-NaCl from 50-5 +/- 4 to 20 +/- 8 p-mole/cm2 sec. 5. Using depolarizing pulses of various durations, the extra calcium influx occurred in two phases. The early phase was eliminated by external application of tetrodotoxin. The results of analysis are consistent with, but do not rigorously demonstrate, the conclusion that the tetrodotoxin sensitive calcium entry is flowing through the normal sodium channels (cf. Baker, Hodgkin & Ridgway, 1971). 6. Measurements of extra influxes using 22Na and 45Ca simultaneously indicate that the time courses of tetrodotoxin sensitive calcium and sodium entry are similar but not necessarily identical. It is very doubtful that any significant calcium entry occurs before

  15. Bridging “green gap” of LEDs: Giant light output enhancement and directional control of LEDs via embedded nano-void photonic crystals

    KAUST Repository

    Tsai, Yu-Lin

    2015-11-23

    Green LEDs do not show the same level of performance as their blue and red cousins, greatly hindering the solid-state lighting development, which is so-called “green gap”. In this work, nano-void photonic crystals (NVPCs) were fabricated to embed within the GaN/InGaN green LEDs by using epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) and nano-sphere lithography techniques. The NVPCs act as an efficient scattering back-reflector to outcouple the guided and downward photons, which not only boosting light extraction efficiency of LEDs with an enhancement of 78% but also collimating the view angle of LEDs from 131.5゜to 114.0゜. This could be because the highly scattering nature of NVPCs which reduce the interference giving rise to Fabry-Perot resonance. Moreover, due to the threading dislocation suppression and strain relief by the NVPCs, the internal quantum efficiency was increased by 25% and droop behavior was reduced from 37.4% to 25.9%. The enhancement of light output power can be achieved as high as 151% at a driving current of 350 mA. Giant light output enhancement and directional control via NVPCs points the way towards a promising avenue of solid-state lighting.

  16. Bridging the "green gap" of LEDs: giant light output enhancement and directional control of LEDs via embedded nano-void photonic crystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Yu-Lin; Liu, Che-Yu; Krishnan, Chirenjeevi; Lin, Da-Wei; Chu, You-Chen; Chen, Tzu-Pei; Shen, Tien-Lin; Kao, Tsung-Sheng; Charlton, Martin D B; Yu, Peichen; Lin, Chien-Chung; Kuo, Hao-Chung; He, Jr-Hau

    2016-01-14

    Green LEDs do not show the same level of performance as their blue and red cousins, greatly hindering the solid-state lighting development, which is the so-called "green gap". In this work, nano-void photonic crystals (NVPCs) were fabricated to embed within the GaN/InGaN green LEDs by using epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) and nano-sphere lithography techniques. The NVPCs act as an efficient scattering back-reflector to outcouple the guided and downward photons, which not only boost the light extraction efficiency of LEDs with an enhancement of 78% but also collimate the view angle of LEDs from 131.5° to 114.0°. This could be because of the highly scattering nature of NVPCs which reduce the interference giving rise to Fabry-Perot resonance. Moreover, due to the threading dislocation suppression and strain relief by the NVPCs, the internal quantum efficiency was increased by 25% and droop behavior was reduced from 37.4% to 25.9%. The enhancement of light output power can be achieved as high as 151% at a driving current of 350 mA. Giant light output enhancement and directional control via NVPCs point the way towards a promising avenue of solid-state lighting. PMID:26666367

  17. Seismology of Giant Planets

    CERN Document Server

    Gaulme, Patrick; Schmider, Francois-Xavier; Guillot, Tristan

    2014-01-01

    Seismology applied to giant planets could drastically change our understanding of their deep interiors, as it has happened with the Earth, the Sun, and many main-sequence and evolved stars. The study of giant planets' composition is important for understanding both the mechanisms enabling their formation and the origins of planetary systems, in particular our own. Unfortunately, its determination is complicated by the fact that their interior is thought not to be homogeneous, so that spectroscopic determinations of atmospheric abundances are probably not representative of the planet as a whole. Instead, the determination of their composition and structure must rely on indirect measurements and interior models. Giant planets are mostly fluid and convective, which makes their seismology much closer to that of solar-like stars than that of terrestrial planets. Hence, helioseismology techniques naturally transfer to giant planets. In addition, two alternative methods can be used: photometry of the solar light ref...

  18. Giants in Transmedia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mare Kõiva

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to discuss transmedia narratives based on giant lore, which is described by means of examples from folkloristics and transmedia dissemination. Giant lore, particularly the epic Kalevipoeg, a core text of Estonian culture, has generated numerous transmedially circulating texts and various contemporary forms. Through their connections with media, texts about giants continue to participate in the national cultural space; in previous eras, they have been carriers of Estonian identity or, alternatively, have held an important place in the creation of local identities. The latter can be observed today in printed matter, advertisements, and products marketed to the homeland public. However, texts about giants can also be used as a self-characterising image directed beyond national space. The article provides a closer look at ways in which stories connected with Kalevipoeg and Suur Tõll are engaged in different levels of media, as well as necessary contextual cultural knowledge for understanding contemporary media clips.

  19. Metaphyseal giant cell tumor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three cases of metaphyseal giant cell tumor are presented. A review of the literature is done, demostrating the lesion is rare and that there are few articles about it. Age incidence and characteristics of the tumor are discussed. (Author)

  20. Metaphyseal giant cell tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, L.F.; Hemais, P.M.P.G.; Aymore, I.L.; Carmo, M.C.R. do; Cunha, M.E.P.R. da; Resende, C.M.C.

    Three cases of metaphyseal giant cell tumor are presented. A review of the literature is done, demostrating the lesion is rare and that there are few articles about it. Age incidence and characteristics of the tumor are discussed.

  1. Giant peritoneal loose bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris van Zyl

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Giant peritoneal loose bodies are rare lesions, originating from auto-amputated appendices epiploicae. They may cause urinary or gastrointestinal obstruction and, should the radiologist not be familiar with the entity, can potentially be confused with malignant or parasitic lesions.Familiarity with their characteristic computed tomographic features is essential to prevent unnecessary surgery in the asymptomatic patient. We present a case of a 70-year-old man diagnosed with two giant peritoneal loose bodies.

  2. Giant adrenal myelolipoma

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes Gwendolyn; Gupta Rajib; Kandalkar Bhuvaneshwari

    2010-01-01

    Adrenal myelolipoma is a rare benign tumor composed of adipose and hematopoietic tissue. Most tumors are small in size and incidentally detected. We report a case of giant adrenal myelolipoma weighing 2200 gms which was diagnosed on radiology as a liposarcoma. This case is unusual in view of the large size and presence of bony spicules. To the best of our knowledge, not more than 10 giant adrenal myelolipoma cases have been reported in literature.

  3. Red giant seismology: Observations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mosser B.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The CoRoT and Kepler missions provide us with thousands of red-giant light curves that allow a very precise asteroseismic study of these objects. Before CoRoT and Kepler, the red-giant oscillation patterns remained obscure. Now, these spectra are much more clear and unveil many crucial interior structure properties. For thousands of red giants, we can derive from seismic data precise estimates of the stellar mass and radius, the evolutionary status of the giants (with a clear difference between clump and RGB stars, the internal differential rotation, the mass loss, the distance of the stars... Analyzing this amount of information is made easy by the identification of the largely homologous red-giant oscillation patterns. For the first time, both pressure and mixed mode oscillation patterns can be precisely depicted. The mixed-mode analysis allows us, for instance, to probe directly the stellar core. Fine details completing the red-giant oscillation pattern then provide further information on the interior structure, including differential rotation.

  4. Neglected giant scalp Basal cell carcinoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Anne Kristine; El-Charnoubi, Waseem-Asim Ghulam; Gehl, Julie;

    2014-01-01

    SUMMARY: Rarely, basal cell carcinoma grows to a giant size, invading the underlying deep tissue and complicating the treatment and reconstruction modalities. A giant basal cell carcinoma on the scalp is in some cases treated with a combination of surgery and radiation therapy, resulting in local...... control, a satisfactory long-term cosmetic and functional result. We present a case with a neglected basal cell scalp carcinoma, treated with wide excision and postoperative radiotherapy, reconstructed with a free latissimus dorsi flap. The cosmetic result is acceptable and there is no sign of recurrence...

  5. Neglected Giant Scalp Basal Cell Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Kristine Larsen, MD

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Summary: Rarely, basal cell carcinoma grows to a giant size, invading the underlying deep tissue and complicating the treatment and reconstruction modalities. A giant basal cell carcinoma on the scalp is in some cases treated with a combination of surgery and radiation therapy, resulting in local control, a satisfactory long-term cosmetic and functional result. We present a case with a neglected basal cell scalp carcinoma, treated with wide excision and postoperative radiotherapy, reconstructed with a free latissimus dorsi flap. The cosmetic result is acceptable and there is no sign of recurrence 1 year postoperatively.

  6. Decay of giant resonances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With energies of the order of 10 to 20 MeV giant resonances are the fastest known vibrations of a many-body system. Their typical widths of a few MeV show that these resonances are strongly damped. It is clearly of interest to study the nature of the damping mechanism. For that purpose it is important that excitation energies associated with giant resonances in general are sufficiently high to allow for decay by emission of nucleons or α- particles or -in heavy nuclei- by fission. In other words, giant resonances rank among the few known structures embedded in the nuclear continuum. This makes it possible and interesting to study their properties by coincidence experiments where excitation by inelastic scattering and decay by particle emission are simultaneously registered. It is the purpose of this article to review the brief history of such experiments, their analysis and interpretation. 219 refs, figs and tabs

  7. Giant perigenital seborrheic keratosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata; Saha, Abanti; Mishra, Vivek

    2015-01-01

    Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is a very common benign epidermal proliferation that is prevalent in all races. Most commonly occurring on the trunk, face, scalp, and the extremities, they can occur anywhere on the body except the palms and soles. The most common appearance is that of a very superficial verrucous plaque which appears to be stuck on the surface. Giant lesions are very rare, and their location on the genital area is rarer still. We report here a case of multiple giant SK lesions in a 59-year-old man. PMID:25657917

  8. Giant perigenital seborrheic keratosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debabrata Bandyopadhyay

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Seborrheic keratosis (SK is a very common benign epidermal proliferation that is prevalent in all races. Most commonly occurring on the trunk, face, scalp, and the extremities, they can occur anywhere on the body except the palms and soles. The most common appearance is that of a very superficial verrucous plaque which appears to be stuck on the surface. Giant lesions are very rare, and their location on the genital area is rarer still. We report here a case of multiple giant SK lesions in a 59-year-old man.

  9. Giant perigenital seborrheic keratosis

    OpenAIRE

    Debabrata Bandyopadhyay; Abanti Saha; Vivek Mishra

    2015-01-01

    Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is a very common benign epidermal proliferation that is prevalent in all races. Most commonly occurring on the trunk, face, scalp, and the extremities, they can occur anywhere on the body except the palms and soles. The most common appearance is that of a very superficial verrucous plaque which appears to be stuck on the surface. Giant lesions are very rare, and their location on the genital area is rarer still. We report here a case of multiple giant SK lesions in a...

  10. Superstars and Giant Gravitons

    CERN Document Server

    Myers, R C; Myers, Robert C.; Tafjord, Oyvind

    2001-01-01

    We examine a family of BPS solutions of ten-dimensional type IIb supergravity. These solutions asymptotically approach AdS_5 X S^5 and carry internal `angular' momentum on the five-sphere. While a naked singularity appears at the center of the anti-de Sitter space, we show that it has a natural physical interpretation in terms of a collection of giant gravitons. We calculate the distribution of giant gravitons from the dipole field induced in the Ramond-Ramond five-form, and show that these sources account for the entire internal momentum carried by the BPS solutions.

  11. An innocent giant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lakhan Singh Solanki

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A cutaneous horn (cornu cutaneum is a protrusion from the skin composed of a cornified material. It may be associated with a benign, premalignant, or malignant lesion at the base, masking numerous dermatoses. In a 24-year-old female, a giant cutaneous horn arising from a seborrheic keratosis located on the leg is presented. This case has been reported to emphasize that a giant cutaneous horn may also occur in young patients, even in photoprotected areas, and are not always associated with malignancy.

  12. Giant cutaneous horn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumaresan M

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A 53-year-old male presented with a giant cutaneous horn over the left leg. Cutaneous horn was excised and primary closure of the defect was done under spinal anesthesia. Histopathology showed underlying seborrheic keratosis. Cutaneous horn has been noticed on top of many clinical conditions of diverse etiology, such as actinic keratoses, wart, molluscum contagiosum, seborrheic keratoses, keratoacanthoma, basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma. We report a patient with giant cutaneous horn on the leg successfully treated by excision and wound closure.

  13. Finite Size Giant Magnon

    CERN Document Server

    Ramadanovic, Bojan

    2008-01-01

    The quantization of the giant magnon away from the infinite size limit is discussed. We argue that this quantization inevitably leads to string theory on a Z_M-orbifold of S^5. This is shown explicitly and examined in detail in the near plane-wave limit.

  14. Giant prolactinomas in women

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Delgrange, Etienne; Raverot, Gerald; Bex, Marie;

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To characterise distinctive clinical features of giant prolactinomas in women. DESIGN: A multicentre, retrospective case series and literature review. METHODS: We collected data from 15 female patients with a pituitary tumour larger than 4 cm and prolactin levels above 1000 μg/l and id...

  15. A giant ureteric calculus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathod, Rajiv; Bansal, Prashant; Gutta, Srinivas

    2013-07-01

    Ureteric stones are usually small and symptomatic. We present a case of a 35-year old female who presented with minimally symptomatic right distal ureteric calculus with proximal hydroureteronephrosis. Laparoscopic right ureterolithotomy was performed and a giant ureteric calculus measuring 11 cm Χ 1.5 cm, weighing 40 g was retrieved. PMID:24082453

  16. A giant ureteric calculus

    OpenAIRE

    Rathod, Rajiv; Bansal, Prashant; Gutta, Srinivas

    2013-01-01

    Ureteric stones are usually small and symptomatic. We present a case of a 35-year old female who presented with minimally symptomatic right distal ureteric calculus with proximal hydroureteronephrosis. Laparoscopic right ureterolithotomy was performed and a giant ureteric calculus measuring 11 cm Χ 1.5 cm, weighing 40 g was retrieved.

  17. Giant urethral calculus

    OpenAIRE

    Kotkar, Kunal; Thakkar, Ravi; Songra, MC

    2011-01-01

    Primary urethral calculus is rarely seen and is usually encountered in men with urethral stricture or diverticulum. We present a case of giant urethral calculus secondary to a urethral stricture in a man. The patient was treated with calculus extraction with end to end urethroplasty.

  18. Giant solitary trichoepithelioma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jemec, B; Løvgreen Nielsen, P; Jemec, G B;

    1999-01-01

    The giant solitary trichoepithelioma is a rare trichogenic tumor with potential for local recurrence. Only nine cases have been previously described in the literature, and one additional case without recurrence during the first 3.5 years of observation is presented stressing that the rate of...

  19. Ectopic expression of LLAG1, an AGAMOUS homologue from lily (Lilium longiflorum Thunb.) causes floral homeotic modifications in Arabidopsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benedito, Vagner A; Visser, Peter B; van Tuyl, Jaap M; Angenent, Gerco C; de Vries, Sacco C; Krens, Frans A

    2004-06-01

    The ABC model for floral development was proposed more than 10 years ago and since then many studies have been performed on model species, such as Arabidopsis thaliana, Antirrhinum majus, and many other species in order to confirm this hypothesis. This led to additional information on flower development and to more complex molecular models. AGAMOUS (AG) is the only C type gene in Arabidopsis and it is responsible for stamen and carpel development as well as floral determinacy. LLAG1, an AG homologue from lily (Lilium longiflorum Thunb.) was isolated by screening a cDNA library derived from developing floral buds. The deduced amino acid sequence revealed the MIKC structure and a high homology in the MADS-box among AG and other orthologues. Phylogenetic analysis indicated a close relationship between LLAG1 and AG orthologues from monocot species. Spatial expression data showed LLAG1 transcripts exclusively in stamens and carpels, constituting the C domain of the ABC model. Functional analysis was carried out in Arabidopsis by overexpression of LLAG1 driven by the CaMV35S promoter. Transformed plants showed homeotic changes in the two outer floral whorls with some plants presenting the second whorl completely converted into stamens. Altogether, these data strongly indicated the functional homology between LLAG1 and AG. PMID:15155783

  20. The F-box-containing protein UFO and AGAMOUS participate in antagonistic pathways governing early petal development in Arabidopsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durfee, Tim; Roe, Judith L; Sessions, R Allen; Inouye, Carla; Serikawa, Kyle; Feldmann, Kenneth A; Weigel, Detlef; Zambryski, Patricia C

    2003-07-01

    The UNUSUAL FLORAL ORGANS (UFO) gene is required for multiple processes in the developing Arabidopsis flower, including the proper patterning and identity of both petals and stamens. The gene encodes an F-box-containing protein, UFO, which interacts physically and genetically with the Skp1 homolog, ASK1. In this report, we describe four ufo alleles characterized by the absence of petals, which uncover another role for UFO in promoting second whorl development. This UFO-dependent pathway is required regardless of the second whorl organ to be formed, arguing that it affects a basic process acting in parallel with those establishing organ identity. However, the pathway is dispensable in the absence of AGAMOUS (AG), a known inhibitor of petal development. In situ hybridization results argue that AG is not transcribed in the petal region, suggesting that it acts non-cell-autonomously to inhibit second whorl development in ufo mutants. These results are combined into a genetic model explaining early second whorl initiation/proliferation, in which UFO functions to inhibit an AG-dependent activity. PMID:12826617

  1. Magnetic-Field-Controlled Twin Boundaries Motion and Giant Magneto-Mechanical Effects in Ni-Mn-Ga Shape Memory Alloy

    OpenAIRE

    Likhachev, A. A.; Ullakko, K.

    2000-01-01

    Recently, several research groups have reported on the observation of super-large more than 5% magneto-strain effect in some non-stoichiometric Ni-Mn-Ga alloys close to 5.78% value expected from the tetragonality aspect ratio of the martensite crystal lattice. New Ni-Mn-Ga alloys showing giant magneto-strain effect display simultaneously few interesting physical effects and new behavior for some magnetic and mechanical properties which is very different from that earlier observed in Ni-Mn-Ga ...

  2. Multispin giant magnons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigate giant magnons from classical rotating strings in two different backgrounds. First we generalize the solution of Hofman and Maldacena and investigate new magnon excitations of a spin chain which are dual to a string on RxS5 with two nonvanishing angular momenta. Allowing string dynamics along the third angle in the five sphere, we find a dispersion relation that reproduces the Hofman and Maldacena one and the one found by Dorey for the two spin case. In the second part of the paper we generalize the two 'spin' giant magnon to the case of β-deformed AdS5xS5 background. We find agreement between the dispersion relation of the rotating string and the proposed dispersion relation of the magnon bound state on the spin chain

  3. Giant duodenal ulcers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Eric Benjamin Newton; Mark R Versland; Thomas E Sepe

    2008-01-01

    Giant duodenal ulcers (GDUs) are a subset of duodenal ulcers that have historically resulted in greater morbidity than usual duodenal ulcers. Until recently,few cases had been successfully treated with medical therapy. However, the widespread use of endoscopy,the introduction of H-2 receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors, and the improvement in surgical techniques all have revolutionized the diagnosis,treatment and outcome of this condition. Nevertheless,GDUs are still associated with high rates of morbidity,mortality and complications. Thus, surgical evaluation of a patient with a GDU should remain an integral part of patient care. These giant variants, while usually benign, can frequently harbor malignancy. A careful review of the literature highlights the important differences when comparing GDUs to classical peptic ulcers and why they must be thought of differently than their more common counterpart.

  4. Giant Otters in Peru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schenk C.

    1992-02-01

    Full Text Available We are in the second year of fieldwork surveying for Giant Otters in the southeastern rainforest of Peru, in three areas with differing levels of legal protection. While there is some illegal hunting still happening outside the protected areas, the main threat to the otters is badly-conducted tourism. Well-organised tourism can be a promising argument for establishing protected areas like national parks.

  5. Ice Giant Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rymer, A. M.; Arridge, C. S.; Masters, A.; Turtle, E. P.; Simon, A. A.; Hofstadter, M. D.; Turrini, D.; Politi, R.

    2015-12-01

    The Ice Giants in our solar system, Uranus and Neptune, are fundamentally different from their Gas Giant siblings Jupiter and Saturn, from the different proportions of rock and ice to the configuration of their planetary magnetic fields. Kepler space telescope discoveries of exo-planets indicate that planets of this type are among the most ubiquitous universally and therefore a future mission to explore the nature of the Ice Giants in our own solar system will provide insights into the nature of extra-solar system objects in general. Uranus has the smallest self- luminosity of all the planets, potentially related to catastrophic events early in the planet's history, which also may explain Uranus' large obliquity. Uranus' atmosphere is subject to extreme seasonal forcing making it unique in the Solar System. Neptune is also unique in a number of ways, notably its large moon Triton which is likely a captured Kuiper Belt Object and one of only two moons in the solar system with a robustly collisional atmosphere. Similar to Uranus, the angle between the solar wind and the magnetic dipole axis is subject to large-amplitude variations on both diurnal and seasonal timescales, but peculiarly it has one of the quietest magnetospheres of the solar system, at least according to Voyager 2, the only spacecraft to encounter Neptune to date. A comprehensive mission, as advocated in the Decadal Survey, would provide enormous science return but is also challenging and expensive. In this presentation we will discuss mission scenarios and suggest how collaboration between disciplines and internationally can help us to pursue a mission that includes Ice Giant exploration.

  6. Giant Mediastinal Teratoma

    OpenAIRE

    Ilkay Albayrak

    2013-01-01

    The most of mediastinal germ cell tumors are teratomas. The main purpose of the treatment of immature and mature teratomas is completly resection of the mass. However, surgical problems may be occur due to proximity with vital structures. In this case, subtotal resection can be performed. Recurrence is rare, and the prognosis is usually very good. In this report, a case of the giant mediastinal mature cystic teratoma that applied subtotal resection due to pericardial adhesions is presented.

  7. Intraoral giant condyloma acuminatum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gupta R

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available A case of intraoral giant condyloma acuminatum is reported in a 50- year- old Indian. He did not respond to topical application of podophyllin 20% but responded partially to electric cauterisation. Surgical excision was done to get rid of the warty growh completely. Since there were no skin or genital lesions and no history of marital or extramarital sexual contact the lesion was probably acquired from environmental sources. Nonsexual transmission should be considered especially when the lesions are extragenital.

  8. Giant Otters in Peru

    OpenAIRE

    Schenk C.; Staib E.

    1992-01-01

    We are in the second year of fieldwork surveying for Giant Otters in the southeastern rainforest of Peru, in three areas with differing levels of legal protection. While there is some illegal hunting still happening outside the protected areas, the main threat to the otters is badly-conducted tourism. Well-organised tourism can be a promising argument for establishing protected areas like national parks.

  9. Lipomas gigantes Giants lipomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pietro Accetta

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available The authors report two cases of giants lipomas in the gluteal region with 3,9 and 3,1 kg. They make a brief epidemiological presentation and consider diagnosis and treatment. They believe that CT scan is the best image method, as it provides more information about size and relationship with surrounding structures. They are against biopsies and lipoaspiration but stand up for the total exeresis as the best option of treatment.

  10. The Chinese Giant Solar Telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhong; Deng, Yuanyong; Ji, Haisheng

    2014-01-01

    Chinese Giant Solar Telescope is the next generation ground-based solar telescope. The main science task of this telescope is to observe the ultra fine structures of the solar magnetic field and dynamic field. Due to the advantages in polarization detection and thermal controlling with a symmetrical circular system, the current design of CGST is a 6~8 meter circular symmetrical telescope. The results of simulations and analysis showed that the current design could meet the demands of most science cases not only in infrared bands but also in near infrared bands and even in visible bands. The prominences and the filaments are very important science cases of CGST. The special technologies for prominence observation will be developed, including the day time laser guide star and MCAO. CGST is proposed by all solar observatories and several institutes and universities in China. It is supported by CAS and NSFC (National Natural Science Foundation of China) as a long term astronomical project.

  11. Giant electric field control of magnetism and narrow ferromagnetic resonance linewidth in FeCoSiB/Si/SiO2/PMN-PT multiferroic heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Y.; Wang, X.; Xie, L.; Hu, Z.; Lin, H.; Zhou, Z.; Nan, T.; Yang, X.; Howe, B. M.; Jones, J. G.; Brown, G. J.; Sun, N. X.

    2016-06-01

    It has been challenging to achieve combined strong magnetoelectric coupling and narrow ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) linewidth in multiferroic heterostructures. Electric field induced large effective field of 175 Oe and narrow FMR linewidth of 40 Oe were observed in FeCoSiB/Si/SiO2/PMN-PT heterostructures with substrate clamping effect minimized through removing the Si substrate. As a comparison, FeCoSiB/PMN-PT heterostructures with FeCoSiB film directly deposited on PMN-PT showed a comparable voltage induced effective magnetic field but a significantly larger FMR linewidth of 283 Oe. These multiferroic heterostructures exhibiting combined giant magnetoelectric coupling and narrow ferromagnetic resonance linewidth offer great opportunities for integrated voltage tunable RF magnetic devices.

  12. Giant oilfields and civil conflict

    OpenAIRE

    Lei, Yu-Hsiang; Michaels, Guy

    2012-01-01

    We use new data to examine the effects of giant oilfield discoveries around the world since 1946. On average, these discoveries increase per capita oil production and oil exports by up to 50 percent. But these giant oilfield discoveries also have a dark side: they increase the incidence of internal armed conflict by about 5-8 percentage points. This increased incidence of conflict due to giant oilfield discoveries is especially high for countries that had already experienced armed conflicts o...

  13. Population genetic structure of Aldabra giant tortoises

    OpenAIRE

    Balmer, Oliver; Ciofi, Claudio; Galbraith, David A.; Swingland, Ian R.; Zug, George R.; Caccone, Adalgisa

    2011-01-01

    Evolution of population structure on islands is the result of physical processes linked to volcanism, orogenic events, changes in sea level, as well as habitat variation. We assessed patterns of genetic structure in the giant tortoise of the Aldabra atoll, where previous ecological studies suggested population subdivisions as a result of landscape discontinuity due to unsuitable habitat and island separation. Analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region sequences and allelic variation...

  14. Scheme Design for the Giant Forging Hydraulic Press Active Synchronous Control System%巨型模锻液压机主动同步控制方案的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘忠伟

    2012-01-01

    The synchronous control system is the essential device to the giant forging hydraulic press. Its synchronization control performance will directly determine product quality. The main causes of working cylinder asynchronism and its effect on synchronous control performance were analyzed. According to the practical problems of synchronous control application, an active synchronism control scheme was proposed based on multi-point driver.%同步控制系统是巨型模锻液压机上必备的关键装置,其同步控制性能的好坏将直接决定产品的质量.在分析主工作缸不同步的成因及对同步控制性能影响的基础上,根据巨型模锻液压机同步控制的实际应用问题,提出一种基于多点驱动的主动同步控制方案.

  15. Giant Cardiac Cavernous Hemangioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unger, Eric; Costic, Joseph; Laub, Glenn

    2015-07-01

    We report the case of an asymptomatic giant cardiac cavernous hemangioma in a 71-year-old man. The intracardiac mass was discovered incidentally during surveillance for his prostate cancer; however, the patient initially declined intervention. On presentation to our institution 7 years later, the lesion had enlarged significantly, and the patient consented to excision. At surgery, an 8 × 6.5 × 4.8 cm intracardiac mass located on the inferior heart border was excised with an intact capsule through a median sternotomy approach. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course. We discuss the diagnostic workup, treatment, and characteristics of this rare cardiac tumor. PMID:26140782

  16. Giant infantile pulmonary hemangioma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a very unusual case of giant infantile pulmonary hemangioma presenting as a large solitary pulmonary mass. This was successfully managed with surgical resection. Histological examination revealed that the mass was positive for GLUT-1 receptor, a marker for infantile hemangioma. To our knowledge only a few cases of pulmonary hemangioma have been described previously in the literature. Pulmonary hemangiomas are very rare lesions, most of them presenting as a pulmonary mass. This case emphasizes the fact that this rare lesion should be considered in the differential of an enhancing pulmonary mass in an infant. (orig.)

  17. GIANT PROSTHETIC VALVE THROMBUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prashanth Kumar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Mechanical prosthetic valves are predisposed to bleeding, thrombosis & thromboembolic complications. Overall incidence of thromboembolic complications is 1% per year who are on oral anticoagulants, whereas bleeding complications incidence is 0.5% to 6.6% per year. 1, 2 Minimization of Scylla of thromboembolic & Charybdis of bleeding complication needs a balancing act of optimal antithrombotic therapy. We are reporting a case of middle aged male patient with prosthetic mitral valve presenting in heart failure. Patient had discontinued anticoagulants, as he had subdural hematoma in the past. He presented to our institute with a giant prosthetic valve thrombus.

  18. Rotation of Giant Stars

    OpenAIRE

    Kissin, Yevgeni; Thompson, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    The internal rotation of post-main sequence stars is investigated, in response to the convective pumping of angular momentum toward the stellar core, combined with a tight magnetic coupling between core and envelope. The spin evolution is calculated using model stars of initial mass 1, 1.5 and $5\\,M_\\odot$, taking into account mass loss on the giant branches. We also include the deposition of orbital angular momentum from a sub-stellar companion, as influenced by tidal drag along with the exc...

  19. Multispin Giant Magnons

    OpenAIRE

    Bobev, N. P.; Rashkov, R. C.

    2006-01-01

    We investigate giant magnons from classical rotating strings in two different backgrounds. First we generalize the solution of Hofman and Maldacena and investigate new magnon excitations of a spin chain which are dual to a string on $R\\times S^5$ with two non-vanishing angular momenta. Alowing string dynamics along the third angle in the five sphere, we find a dispersion relation that reproduces the Hofman and Maldacena and the one found by Dorey for the two spin case. In the second part of t...

  20. Giant Ulcerative Dermatofibroma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turgut Karlidag

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Dermatofibroma is a slowly growing common benign cutaneous tumor characterized by hard papules and nodules. The rarely seen erosions and ulcerations may cause difficulties in the diagnosis. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, which is clinically and histopathologically of malignant character, displays difficulties in the diagnosis since it has similarities with basal cell carcinoma, epidermoid carcinoma, and sarcomas. Head and neck involvement is very rare. In this study, a giant dermatofibroma case, which is histopathologically, ulcerative dermatofibroma, the biggest lesion of the head and neck region and seen rarely in the literature that has characteristics similar to dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, has been presented.

  1. Giant Pandas and Their Conservation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GarethDavey

    2004-01-01

    IT is paradoxical that themost well-known conservation symbol in the world,the giant panda, is a criti-cally endangered species.The estimated 1,600 thatremain live in the high-altitude for-ests of southwest China (within theprovinces of Sichuan, Gansu andShaanxi). Giant pandas are popularand elicit affection and admiration

  2. Famine Threatens the Giant Panda

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Large swathes of arrow bamboo groves at and above 2,700 meters in the Piankou Nature Reserve in Sichuan's Mianyang are producing purple blooms, and some groves have started to wither and die. An absence of bamboo means famine for giant pandas living there. Sichuan has consequently activated its giant panda contingency plan.

  3. Giant solitary trichoepithelioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhavuray Teli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Adnexal tumors like giant solitary trichoepitheliomas are uncommon to most of us to permit a ready familiarity with them. Information regarding the genesis, clinical profile, behavior, and management options for this tumor is limited. There are 18 cases reported in the world literature till date. This review attempts to provide insight to this rare tumor. Our search included indexed literature from Pubmed, Directory of Open Access Journals, Health Inter Network Access to Research Initiative and Google databases in addition to standard dermatology texts. Giant solitary trichoepithelioma is a rare trichogenic tumor with potential for local recurrence. It has predilection for the older age, but may present at any age including at birth. It has close resemblance to basal cell carcinoma and other skin adnexal tumors - clinically, cytologically, and histologically. CD10, CD 34, PHLDA1 but not p75NTR are useful adjunct markers. Surgical excision is the standard treatment. Recurrence and possible transformation into BCC cautions follow up at regular intervals.

  4. Giant solitary trichoepithelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teli, Bhavuray; Thrishuli, P B; Santhosh, R; Amar, D N; Rajpurohit, Shravan

    2015-01-01

    Adnexal tumors like giant solitary trichoepitheliomas are uncommon to most of us to permit a ready familiarity with them. Information regarding the genesis, clinical profile, behavior, and management options for this tumor is limited. There are 18 cases reported in the world literature till date. This review attempts to provide insight to this rare tumor. Our search included indexed literature from Pubmed, Directory of Open Access Journals, Health Inter Network Access to Research Initiative and Google databases in addition to standard dermatology texts. Giant solitary trichoepithelioma is a rare trichogenic tumor with potential for local recurrence. It has predilection for the older age, but may present at any age including at birth. It has close resemblance to basal cell carcinoma and other skin adnexal tumors - clinically, cytologically, and histologically. CD10, CD 34, PHLDA1 but not p75NTR are useful adjunct markers. Surgical excision is the standard treatment. Recurrence and possible transformation into BCC cautions follow up at regular intervals. PMID:25839021

  5. Giant Congenital Melanocytic Nevus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Bo Sonnich; Henriksen, Trine Foged; Kølle, Stig-Frederik Trojahn;

    2015-01-01

    , and 25% versus 44% required unplanned additional surgery, respectively. Complications were noted in 25% and 67% of the patients, respectively. Cosmetic result was satisfying in 76% of patients without difference between the groups. No malignant transformation was found during a mean follow-up of 11......Giant congenital melanocytic nevi (GCMN) occur in 1:20,000 livebirths and are associated with increased risk of malignant transformation. The treatment of GCMN from 1981 to 2010 in a tertiary referral center was reviewed evaluating the modalities used, cosmetic results, associated complications......, and malignant transformation. Of 35 patients, 25 underwent surgery. Curettage was most frequently used (64%) followed by excision and tissue expansion (20%). Six percent of the patients treated with curettage, and 78% of the patients who received excision surgery required more than 1 planned procedure...

  6. Two giant stellar complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Efremov, Yu. N.; Efremov, E. Yu.

    Common star complexes are huge (0.3-1 kpc in diameter) groups of relatively young stars, associations and clusters. The complexes usually form regular chains along spiral arms of grand design galaxies, being evidently formed and supported by magneto- gravitational instability developing along an arm. Special attention is given to a few large complexes which have signatures of gravitational boundness, such as round shape and high central density. Concentrations of stars and clusters in such a complex in M51 galaxy were found in this paper; we concluded it is possible to suggest that the complex is gravitationally bound. It is also stressed that some properties of the giant complex in NGC 6946 (such as its semicircular and sharp Western edge) are still enigmatic.

  7. Juno and Cassini Proximal: Giant Steps Towards Understanding Giant Planets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, D. J.

    2014-12-01

    In 2016-17, Juno and Cassini Proximal will provide comparable large advances in our understanding of the interiors of Jupiter and Saturn. Both will provide high accuracy gravity and magnetic field data, while Juno will in addition determine the water abundance deep in the Jovian atmosphere, essential for understanding of giant planet formation and the density of the outer envelope (needed to construct interior models). Although Jupiter and Saturn are both gas giants, they differ in important ways (magnetic field, strength of zonal flows, enrichment in heavy elements, and probably the distribution of helium within). The opportunity to contrast and compare will be invaluable. Juno and Cassini are expected to determine the gravity field to about a part in 109 though with different spatial coverage and with less accurate determination near the poles. The determination of Jupiter's likely central concentration of heavy elements is particularly challenging because it is only a few percent at most of the total mass and yet important for understanding Jupiter's formation, which in turn likely determined the architecture of our solar system. This determination will be done from gravity, water determination and magnetic field and also aided by advances in our understanding of material properties. The corresponding determination for Saturn may prove easier (because the heavy element enrichment is a larger fraction of the mass) though complicated by lack of knowledge of water abundance and the need to identify a more precise value for the deep rotation of the planet (difficult for Saturn because of the lack of a measurable magnetic dipole tilt thus far). For both planets, the higher harmonics of gravity will likely be controlled by differential rotation (the zonal flows) and this will tell us their depth, an issue of major interest in the dynamics of these bodies. The magnetic field structure for Jupiter will be determined to higher accuracy than the Earth's core field (since

  8. Landscape of the lost giants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    The Pleistocene megafauna extinction erased a group of remarkable animals. Whether humans had a prominent role in the extinction remains controversial, but it is emerging that the disappearance of the giants has markedly affected the environment.

  9. Collective motion and giant resonances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report contains 15 papers devoted to problems of giant collective excitations of nuclei, heavy-ion induced reactions and their bearing on various aspects of nuclear structure. In some of them the numerical data are given. (A.S.)

  10. Are giant resonances harmonic vibrations?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Giant resonances are understood as the first quantum of collective vibrations. The non-linear response of a quantum anharmonic oscillator is investigated as a model for the excitation of giant resonances in heavy ion collisions. It is shown that the introduction of small anharmonicities and non-linearities can double the predicted cross section for the excitation of the two-phonon states. (R.P.)

  11. Rotation rates of giant stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The rotation rates and macroturbulence dispersion of 14 G and K giants were measured using Fourier reduction of spectral-line profiles. The high-spectral-resolution, high-signal-to-noise observations were taken with the Coude Echelle Spectrometer of the European Southern Observatory. Good agreement was found between the present results and previous investigations, showing that no large systematic differences are introduced by using different spectrographs and detectors. The results generally confirm the low rotation seen for cool giants. 14 refs

  12. Modeling and Simulation for Giant Forging Hydraulic Press Synchronous Control System%巨型模锻液压机同步控制系统建模及仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘忠伟; 邓英剑

    2014-01-01

    In order to improve the rapid response of a giant die forging hydraulic press synchronous control system,based on 300 MN die forging hydraulic press,the synchronous control system was re-designed according to the characteristics of 800 MN die forging hydraulic press,and based on hydraulic theory and dynamics theory,a model of the synchronization control system was jointly established when moving beam run.On the basis of that,two kind of schemes were compared through simula-tions,the simulation results show that the new design of 800 MN synchronous control system response characteristics is substantially improved,the response speed and dynamic and static precision are of a large improvement.%为了提高巨型模锻液压机同步控制系统的快速响应性,在300 MN 模锻液压机的基础上,针对800 MN 模锻液压机的特点重新设计了同步控制系统,并基于液压基础理论和动力学理论,联合建立了活动横梁运行时同步控制系统的整体数学模型。将原方案和现有方案进行了对比仿真,结果表明:新设计的800 MN 同步控制系统的响应特性较原方案的响应特性有较大幅度的改善,响应速度和动静态精度均有较大提高。

  13. GIANT MELANOCYTIC NEVUS IN GARMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González-Coquel Suanny del Carmen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the Giant Congenital Melanocytic Nevus (GCMN is a pigmented lesion of great size, usually presented since the birth, although some lesions could appear in the first months of life. It is an atypical benign proliferation of melanocytes in the skin that could have curious morphologies. It is associated in some cases to extracutaneous manifestations and melanoma development. It is characterized by a hyperpigmented lesion in different tones of brown and could affect since the brain until the lower limbs. The most frequent location is the posterior trunk, the face, scalp and extremities. Case report: the case of a young female patient with GCMN «in garment» with several satellite lesions is presented in order to carry out a thematic review and to indicate the importance of the control period and following. Conclusion: the GCMN is a benign cutaneous alteration that implies serious esthetic disorders when it increases its size. The treatment difficulties and the medico-social implications must be kept in mind. Rev.cienc.biomed. 2015;6(1:155-159 KEYWORDS Nevus, Pigmented nevus; Melanoma; Melanocytes.

  14. Kuiper Prize: Giant Planet Atmospheres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingersoll, Andrew P.

    2007-10-01

    The study of giant planet atmospheres is near and dear to me, for several reasons. First, the giant planets are photogenic; the colored clouds are great tracers, and one can make fantastic movies of the atmosphere in motion. Second, the giant planets challenge us with storms that last for hundreds of years and winds that blow faster the farther you go from the sun. Third, they remind us of Earth with their hurricanes, auroras, and lightning, but they also are the link to the 200 giant planets that have been discovered around other stars. This talk will cover the past, present, and future (one hopes) of giant planet research. I will review the surprises of the Voyager and Galileo eras, and will discuss what we are learning now from the Cassini orbiter. I will review the prospects for answering the outstanding questions like: Where's the water? What is providing the colors of the clouds? How deep do the features extend? Where do the winds get their energy? What is the role of the magnetic field? Finally, I will briefly discuss how extrasolar giant planets compare with objects in our own solar system.

  15. Rotation of Giant Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Kissin, Yevgeni

    2015-01-01

    The internal rotation of post-main sequence stars is investigated, in response to the convective pumping of angular momentum toward the stellar core, combined with a tight magnetic coupling between core and envelope. The spin evolution is calculated using model stars of initial mass 1, 1.5 and $5\\,M_\\odot$, taking into account mass loss on the giant branches and the partitioning of angular momentum between the outer and inner envelope. We also include the deposition of orbital angular momentum from a sub-stellar companion, as influenced by tidal drag as well as the excitation of orbital eccentricity by a fluctuating gravitational quadrupole moment. A range of angular velocity profiles $\\Omega(r)$ is considered in the deep convective envelope, ranging from solid rotation to constant specific angular momentum. We focus on the backreaction of the Coriolis force on the inward pumping of angular momentum, and the threshold for dynamo action in the inner envelope. Quantitative agreement with measurements of core ro...

  16. Imaging Extrasolar Giant Planets

    CERN Document Server

    Bowler, Brendan P

    2016-01-01

    High-contrast adaptive optics imaging is a powerful technique to probe the architectures of planetary systems from the outside-in and survey the atmospheres of self-luminous giant planets. Direct imaging has rapidly matured over the past decade and especially the last few years with the advent of high-order adaptive optics systems, dedicated planet-finding instruments with specialized coronagraphs, and innovative observing and post-processing strategies to suppress speckle noise. This review summarizes recent progress in high-contrast imaging with particular emphasis on observational results, discoveries near and below the deuterium-burning limit, and a practical overview of large-scale surveys and dedicated instruments. I conclude with a statistical meta-analysis of deep imaging surveys in the literature. Based on observations of 384 unique and single young ($\\approx$5--300~Myr) stars spanning stellar masses between 0.1--3.0~\\Msun, the overall occurrence rate of 5--13~\\Mjup \\ companions at orbital distances ...

  17. Giant high occipital encephalocele

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agrawal Amit

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Encephaloceles are rare embryological mesenchymal developmental anomalies resulting from inappropriate ossification in skull through with herniation of intracranial contents of the sac. Encephaloceles are classified based on location of the osseous defect and contents of sac. Convexity encephalocele with osseous defect in occipital bone is called occipital encephalocele. Giant occipital encephaloceles can be sometimes larger than the size of baby skull itself and they pose a great surgical challenge. Occipital encephaloceles (OE are further classified as high OE when defect is only in occipital bone above the foramen magnum, low OE when involving occipital bone and foramen magnum and occipito-cervical when there involvement of occipital bone, foramen magnum and posterior upper neural arches. Chiari III malformation can be associated with high or low occipital encephaloceles. Pre-operatively, it is essential to know the size of the sac, contents of the sac, relation to the adjacent structures, presence or absence of venous sinuses/vascular structures and osseous defect size. Sometimes it becomes imperative to perform both CT and MRI for the necessary information. Volume rendered CT images can depict the relation of osseous defect to foramen magnum and provide information about upper neural arches which is necessary in classifying these lesions.

  18. Bringing Low the Giants

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Their work goes on unseen, because they a hundred metres beneath your feet. But while the race against the clock to build the LHC has begun on the surface, teams underground are feverishly engaged to dismantle LEP and its experiments. Four months after the start of dismantling, the technical coordinators of the different experiments discuss the progress of work. Little men attack the giant ALEPH. The barrel and its two endcaps have been removed to the end of the cavern and stripped of their cables. The breaking up of the detector can now begin. At ALEPH, counting rooms removed all in one go Jean-Paul Fabre, technical coordinator at ALEPH:'After making safe the structure, the first step was to remove the wiring and cables. Some 210 cubic metres were brought out. Then the counting rooms all round the detector were taken out. They were brought up from the cavern all in one go, up through the shaft, which is 10 metres wide and 150 metres deep. They made it with 15 centimetres to spare. They have been emptied of...

  19. Effect assessment of Puccinia xanthii f sp ambrosiae-trifidae as a biocontrol agent to control giant ragweed%苍耳柄锈菌三裂叶豚草专化型对三裂叶豚草控制效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁建云; 姚丹丹; 陈继东; 崔建臣; 胡冬雪; 张小利

    2014-01-01

    Based on data from systematic investigation of giant ragweed inoculated with Puccinia xanthii f. sp. ambrosiae-trifidae in field in Huairou area in 2011-2013, the occurrence regularity and biocontrol effect of giant ragweed rust were evaluated. The results indicated that giant ragweed rust was natural epidemic in Baoshan Temple area in Huairou. Giant ragweed rust occurred in early June. All the giant ragweed plants were almost infected in the middle of July and some infected plants were died. P.xanthii f. sp. ambrosiae-trifidae exhibits good control effect on growth, seed amount and seed weight of giant ragweed. The death rate of the infected giant ragweed plants was nearly 30% in the end of September and the death plants had no seed.%2011~2013年在北京怀柔宝山寺地区通过野外接菌后定点定株系统调查,探索三裂叶豚草锈病的流行规律,评价苍耳柄锈菌三裂叶豚草专化型对三裂叶豚草的控制效果。结果表明:苍耳柄锈菌三裂叶豚草专化型在北京怀柔宝山寺地区能完成周年侵染循环:6月初三裂叶豚草开始有感染锈病症状,7月中、下旬几乎全部三裂叶豚草植株感病,且开始有整株死亡。苍耳柄锈菌三裂叶豚草专化型对三裂叶豚草有较好的控制效果:该菌抑制三裂叶豚草植株生长,减少种子数量,减轻种子重量,9月末30%左右的感病三裂叶豚草植株死亡,死亡植株不能产生种子。

  20. A unique advantage for giant eyes in giant squid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, Dan-Eric; Warrant, Eric J; Johnsen, Sönke; Hanlon, Roger; Shashar, Nadav

    2012-04-24

    Giant and colossal deep-sea squid (Architeuthis and Mesonychoteuthis) have the largest eyes in the animal kingdom [1, 2], but there is no explanation for why they would need eyes that are nearly three times the diameter of those of any other extant animal. Here we develop a theory for visual detection in pelagic habitats, which predicts that such giant eyes are unlikely to evolve for detecting mates or prey at long distance but are instead uniquely suited for detecting very large predators, such as sperm whales. We also provide photographic documentation of an eyeball of about 27 cm with a 9 cm pupil in a giant squid, and we predict that, below 600 m depth, it would allow detection of sperm whales at distances exceeding 120 m. With this long range of vision, giant squid get an early warning of approaching sperm whales. Because the sonar range of sperm whales exceeds 120 m [3-5], we hypothesize that a well-prepared and powerful evasive response to hunting sperm whales may have driven the evolution of huge dimensions in both eyes and bodies of giant and colossal squid. Our theory also provides insights into the vision of Mesozoic ichthyosaurs with unusually large eyes. PMID:22425154

  1. Sequencing and analysis of the giant panda genome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG HuanMing

    2010-01-01

    @@ The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is loved all over the world and is considered a symbol of China, as illustrated by its being one of the mascots for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games.It is also one of the world's most endangered animals and a flagship species for conservation.Using next-generation sequencing technology (Illumina Genome Analyzer) and our in-house assembly software, we have generated the first map of the giant panda genome sequence.This map will provide an unparalleled amount of information to aid in understanding the genetic and biological nature of this unique species and will contribute significantly to disease control and conservation efforts for this endangered species.In March 2008, the giant panda genome sequencing and analysis project was started at the Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI) in Shenzhen with collaborators from the Kunming Institute of Zoology and the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding.On 21 Jan.2010, this collaboration resulted in the publication, as a cover story in the journal Nature, of the sequencing and analysis of the giant panda genome.

  2. Giant amplification of modes in parity-time symmetric waveguides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The combination of the interference with the amplification of modes in a waveguide with gain and losses can result in a giant amplification of the propagating beam, which propagates without distortion of its average amplitude. An increase of the gain-loss gradient by only a few times results in a magnification of the beam by a several orders of magnitude. -- Highlights: ► We report giant beam amplification in parity-time symmetric optical waveguides. ► The amplification is due to interference of gain-guided modes. ► Flexible control both by parameters of the waveguide and of the input beam.

  3. A hydrothermal seedling emergence model for giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Late-season seedling emergence of giant ragweed in Ohio crop fields complicates efforts for predicting the optimum time to implement control measures for minimizing crop-yield losses. Our objectives were to develop a hydrothermal seedling emergence model for a late-emerging biotype in Ohio and valid...

  4. Giant cell arteritis: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patil P

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Pravin Patil,1 Niral Karia,2 Shaifali Jain,3 Bhaskar Dasgupta1 1Department of Rheumatology, 2Department of Ophthalmology, 3Department of Radiology, Southend University Hospital, Westcliff, Essex, United Kingdom Abstract: Giant cell arteritis is the most common vasculitis in Caucasians. Acute visual loss in one or both eyes is by far the most feared and irreversible complication of giant cell arteritis. This article reviews recent guidelines on early recognition of systemic, cranial, and ophthalmic manifestations, and current management and diagnostic strategies and advances in imaging. We share our experience of the fast track pathway and imaging in associated disorders, such as large-vessel vasculitis. Keywords: giant cell arteritis, diagnosis, treatment, polymyalgia rheumatica

  5. Giant Condyloma Acuminatum of Rectum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Condyloma acuminatum, a benign disease caused by a filtrable virus, occurs predominantly in the perianal and genital areas. The lesions are noninvasive but are subject to recurrence. In rare instances, a more aggressive from of this disease, known as 'giant condyloma acuminatum' or 'Buschke-Lowenstein tumor', occurs. In this form, infiltration of the lesion into surrounding structures takes place. This tumor has been reported to occur principally in the genitourinarv tract. The authors experienced a case of giant condyloma acuminatum originating from rectum in 67 years old male patient which recurred 3 months after electrofulguration.

  6. Giant fields in southwest Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-07-20

    According to Petroleos Mexicanos southeastern Mexico's Isthmus Saline basin holds five new giant fields - Tonala-El Burro, El Plan, Cinco Presidentes, Oraggio, and Magallanes - producing oil and gas from Tertiary sandstones. Numerous normal faults resulting from salt intrusion have given rise to multiple blocks, each with its own reservoir conditions. Previously discovered basins in the area include the Macuspana, which holds three giant gas- and condensate-producing fields: Jose Colomo, Chilapilla, and Hormiquero. The 3100-mi/sup 2/ Campeche marine platform, extending offshore nearby, contains the Cantarell complex, Mexico's most productive hydrocarbon province.

  7. Imaging of giant pituitary adenomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present five proven giant pituitary adenomas studied by CT and MRI, and review the clinical and imaging findings. Our aim was to examine the radiologic appearances and to search for criteria useful in distinguishing these tumors from other sellar and suprasellar tumours, mainly craniopharyngioma. The main differences from small adenomas were high prevalence of macrocysts, a more invasive behaviour and a clinical picture dominated by mass effect rather than endocrine disturbance. Factors supporting the diagnosis of pituitary adenoma in a giant intra- and suprasellar mass include: infrasellar extension, absence of calcification and presence of low-signal cysts on T1-weighted images. (orig.) (orig.)

  8. Giant eucalypts - globally unique fire-adapted rain-forest trees?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tng, D Y P; Williamson, G J; Jordan, G J; Bowman, D M J S

    2012-11-01

    CONTENTS: Summary    1 I. Introduction    1 II. Giant eucalypts in a global context    2 III. Giant eucalypts - taxonomy and distribution    4 IV. Growth of giant eucalypts    6 V. Fire and regeneration of giant eucalypts    8 VI. Are giant eucalypts different from other rain-forest trees?    9 VII. Conclusions 10 Acknowledgements 11 References 11 SUMMARY: Tree species exceeding 70 m in height are rare globally. Giant gymnosperms are concentrated near the Pacific coast of the USA, while the tallest angiosperms are eucalypts (Eucalyptus spp.) in southern and eastern Australia. Giant eucalypts co-occur with rain-forest trees in eastern Australia, creating unique vegetation communities comprising fire-dependent trees above fire-intolerant rain-forest. However, giant eucalypts can also tower over shrubby understoreys (e.g. in Western Australia). The local abundance of giant eucalypts is controlled by interactions between fire activity and landscape setting. Giant eucalypts have features that increase flammability (e.g. oil-rich foliage and open crowns) relative to other rain-forest trees but it is debatable if these features are adaptations. Probable drivers of eucalypt gigantism are intense intra-specific competition following severe fires, and inter-specific competition among adult trees. However, we suggest that this was made possible by a general capacity of eucalypts for 'hyper-emergence'. We argue that, because giant eucalypts occur in rain-forest climates and share traits with rain-forest pioneers, they should be regarded as long-lived rain-forest pioneers, albeit with a particular dependence on fire for regeneration. These unique ecosystems are of high conservation value, following substantial clearing and logging over 150 yr. PMID:23121314

  9. Charting the Giants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    zero expansion asymptotically after an infinite time and has a flat geometry). All three observational tests by means of supernovae (green), the cosmic microwave background (blue) and galaxy clusters converge at a Universe around Ωm ~ 0.3 and ΩΛ ~ 0.7. The dark red region for the galaxy cluster determination corresponds to 95% certainty (2-sigma statistical deviation) when assuming good knowledge of all other cosmological parameters, and the light red region assumes a minimum knowledge. For the supernovae and WMAP results, the inner and outer regions corespond to 68% (1-sigma) and 95% certainty, respectively. References: Schuecker et al. 2003, A&A, 398, 867 (REFLEX); Tonry et al. 2003, ApJ, 594, 1 (supernovae); Riess et al. 2004, ApJ, 607, 665 (supernovae) Galaxy clusters are far from being evenly distributed in the Universe. Instead, they tend to conglomerate into even larger structures, "super-clusters". Thus, from stars which gather in galaxies, galaxies which congregate in clusters and clusters tying together in super-clusters, the Universe shows structuring on all scales, from the smallest to the largest ones. This is a relict of the very early (formation) epoch of the Universe, the so-called "inflationary" period. At that time, only a minuscule fraction of one second after the Big Bang, the tiny density fluctuations were amplified and over the eons, they gave birth to the much larger structures. Because of the link between the first fluctuations and the giant structures now observed, the unique REFLEX catalogue - the largest of its kind - allows astronomers to put considerable constraints on the content of the Universe, and in particular on the amount of dark matter that is believed to pervade it. Rather interestingly, these constraints are totally independent from all other methods so far used to assert the existence of dark matter, such as the study of very distant supernovae (see e.g. ESO PR 21/98) or the analysis of the Cosmic Microwave background (e

  10. Cabergoline Treatment in Invasive Giant Prolactinoma

    OpenAIRE

    Sadeem Alsubaie; Almalki, Mussa H.

    2014-01-01

    Patients with invasive giant prolactinoma suffer from a constellation of symptoms including headache, blurred vision, lethargy, and sexual dysfunction. Cabergoline, a potent dopamine agonist, is a known medication prescribed for the treatment of invasive giant prolactinoma. Here, we report a case of invasive giant prolactinoma in a 52-year-old Saudi male with dramatic response to cabergoline treatment clinically, biochemically, and radiologically.

  11. Giant lumbosacral schwannoma in a child

    OpenAIRE

    Rashim Kataria; Dhruba Jyoti Kurmi; Jayanti Mehta; Virendra Deo Sinha

    2012-01-01

    Small spinal intradural extramedullary schwannoma are a common occurrence in the middle aged. However, giant schwannoma in pediatric age group is rare. We report one such case of giant extradural lumbosacral schwannoma in an 8-year-old child. Clinical features, histopathology and management of giant schwannoma is discussed and the present literature reviewed.

  12. Michigan has a sleeping giant

    CERN Multimedia

    Brock, Raymond; Nichols, Sue

    2007-01-01

    "That giant is 750 miles of fiber optic cable that lassoes its three biggest research universities and Van Andel Institute to the future. Its mission: to uncover the nature of the Big Bang by connecton U.S. physicists to their huge experiment ATLAS in Geneva.." (4 pages)

  13. A Giant or a Dwarf?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmid, Herman

    2005-01-01

    EU may appear to be a giant when it can act on behalf of a united Europe, but usually it is hampered by conflicting member state interests. The EU economic and administrative resources for foreign and trade policy are quite small (on level with one of its major member states) and the hopes in many...

  14. Giant lipomas of the hand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gokce Yildiran

    2015-04-01

    Conclusion: Giant lipomas of the hand are very rare and may cause compressions and other complications. Thus, they require a careful preoperative evaluation in order to make a proper differential diagnosis. [Hand Microsurg 2015; 4(1.000: 8-11

  15. Giant superior mesenteric artery aneurysm

    OpenAIRE

    Temiz, Ahmet; Bostan, Mehmet; Şatıroğlu, Ömer; Çetin, Mustafa; Bozkurt, Engin

    2011-01-01

    Aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is a rare condition and most of them are symptomatic. Gradu­ally increasing abdominal pain, intestinal ischemic symp­toms and rupture are the most common symptoms. We herein report a giant SMA aneurysm detected in a patient with complaint of abdominal discomfort.

  16. Damping of multiphonon giant resonances

    CERN Document Server

    Dinh Dang, N; Arima, A

    2000-01-01

    The phonon damping model (PDM) is applied to derive the equations that describe the damping of three-, and n -phonon giant resonances. As examples of the application of this approach, the results of numerical calculations for the double giant resonance (DGDR) (n=2) and triple giant dipole resonance (TGDR) (n=3) in sup 9 sup 0 Zr, sup 1 sup 2 sup 0 Sn and sup 2 sup 0 sup 8 Pb are discussed and compared with those obtained by folding independent giant dipole resonances (GDRs) (the folding results). For the DGDR in the double magic nucleus sup 2 sup 0 sup 8 Pb, we found that these results are very close to the folding results. In the open-shell nuclei sup 9 sup 0 Zr and sup 1 sup 2 sup 0 Sn, a clear deviation from the folding results is observed in calculations in agreement with the experimental trend. The results for the integrated strength and energy of TGDR are found to be much closer to the folding results in all three nuclei. The TGDR widths in the open shell nuclei are found to be larger than the folding r...

  17. Guiding the Giant

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-08-01

    New ESO Survey Provides Targets for the VLT Giant astronomical telescopes like the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) must be used efficiently. Observing time is expensive and there are long waiting lines of excellent research programmes. Thus the work at the telescope must be very well prepared and optimized as much as possible - mistakes should be avoided and no time lost! Astronomers working with the new 8-m class optical/infrared telescopes must base their observations on detailed lists of suitable target objects if they want to perform cutting-edge science. This is particularly true for research programmes that depend on observations of large samples of comparatively rare, distant objects. This type of work requires that extensive catalogues of such objects must be prepared in advance. One such major catalogue - that will serve as a very useful basis for future VLT observations - has just become available from the new ESO Imaging Survey (EIS). The Need for Sky Surveys Astronomers have since long recognized the need to carry out preparatory observations with other telescopes in order to "guide" large telescopes. To this end, surveys of smaller or larger parts of the sky have been performed by wide-field telescopes, paving the way for subsequent work at the limits of the largest available ground-based telescopes. For instance, a complete photographic survey of the sourthern sky (declination joint European project that is conducted at the 1-m ESO telescope by a consortium of 20 astronomical institutes. More information Further information about EIS is available at http://www.eso.org/eis. From this site, it is possible to visit the EIS release page and to browse through pictures of the distant Universe and of individual objects, some of which will be observed with the VLT in the future. Notes [1] The home institutes of the astronomers involved in EIS include the European Southern Observatory, Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste (Italy), Leiden Observatory (The

  18. Giant hydronephrosis mimicking progressive malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidenreich Axel

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cases of giant hydronephroses are rare and usually contain no more than 1–2 litres of fluid in the collecting system. We report a remarkable case of giant hydronephrosis mimicking a progressive malignant abdominal tumour. Case presentation A 78-year-old cachectic woman presented with an enormous abdominal tumour, which, according to the patient, had slowly increased in diameter. Medical history was unremarkable except for a hysterectomy >30 years before. A CT scan revealed a giant cystic tumour filling almost the entire abdominal cavity. It was analysed by two independent radiologists who suspected a tumour originating from the right kidney and additionally a cystic ovarian neoplasm. Subsequently, a diagnostic and therapeutic laparotomy was performed: the tumour presented as a cystic, 35 × 30 × 25 cm expansive structure adhesive to adjacent organs without definite signs of invasive growth. The right renal hilar vessels could finally be identified at its basis. After extirpation another tumourous structure emerged in the pelvis originating from the genital organs and was also resected. The histopathological examination revealed a >15 kg hydronephrotic right kidney, lacking hardly any residual renal cortex parenchyma. The second specimen was identified as an ovary with regressive changes and a large partially calcified cyst. There was no evidence of malignant growth. Conclusion Although both clinical symptoms and the enormous size of the tumour indicated malignant growth, it turned out to be a giant hydronephrosis. Presumably, a chronic obstruction of the distal ureter had caused this extraordinary hydronephrosis. As demonstrated in our case, an accurate diagnosis of giant hydronephrosis remains challenging due to the atrophy of the renal parenchyma associated with chronic obstruction. Therefore, any abdominal cystic mass even in the absence of other evident pathologies should include the differential diagnosis of a

  19. Crystal and solution studies of the "Plus-C" odorant-binding protein 48 from Anopheles gambiae: control of binding specificity through three-dimensional domain swapping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsitsanou, Katerina E; Drakou, Christina E; Thireou, Trias; Vitlin Gruber, Anna; Kythreoti, Georgia; Azem, Abdussalam; Fessas, Dimitrios; Eliopoulos, Elias; Iatrou, Kostas; Zographos, Spyros E

    2013-11-15

    Much physiological and behavioral evidence has been provided suggesting that insect odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) are indispensable for odorant recognition and thus are appealing targets for structure-based discovery and design of novel host-seeking disruptors. Despite the fact that more than 60 putative OBP-encoding genes have been identified in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae, the crystal structures of only six of them are known. It is therefore clear that OBP structure determination constitutes the bottleneck for structure-based approaches to mosquito repellent/attractant discovery. Here, we describe the three-dimensional structure of an A. gambiae "Plus-C" group OBP (AgamOBP48), which exhibits the second highest expression levels in female antennae. This structure represents the first example of a three-dimensional domain-swapped dimer in dipteran species. A combined binding site is formed at the dimer interface by equal contribution of each monomer. Structural comparisons with the monomeric AgamOBP47 revealed that the major structural difference between the two Plus-C proteins localizes in their N- and C-terminal regions, and their concerted conformational change may account for monomer-swapped dimer conversion and furthermore the formation of novel binding pockets. Using a combination of gel filtration chromatography, differential scanning calorimetry, and analytical ultracentrifugation, we demonstrate the AgamOBP48 dimerization in solution. Eventually, molecular modeling calculations were used to predict the binding mode of the most potent synthetic ligand of AgamOBP48 known so far, discovered by ligand- and structure-based virtual screening. The structure-aided identification of multiple OBP binders represents a powerful tool to be employed in the effort to control transmission of the vector-borne diseases. PMID:24097978

  20. Reconstructing reticulation history in a phylogenetic framework and the potential of allopatric speciation driven by polyploidy in an agamic complex in Crataegus (Rosaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Eugenia Y Y; Stefanović, Saša; Dickinson, Timothy A

    2010-12-01

    Polyploidy plays a prominent role in the speciation process in plants. Many species are known to be part of agamic complexes comprising sexual diploids and more or less exclusively asexual polyploids. However, polyploid formation has been studied in very few cases, primarily because of the challenges in examining these cases phylogenetically. In this study, we demonstrate the use of a variety of phylogenetic approaches to unravel origins and infer reticulation history in a diploid-polyploid complex of black-fruited Crataegus. The tree approaches are shown to be useful in testing alternative hypotheses and in revealing genealogies of nuclear genes, particularly in polyploid organisms that may contain multiple copies. Compared to trees, network approaches provide a better indication of reticulate relationships among recently diverged taxa. Taken together, our data point to both the autopolyploid and allopolyploid origins of triploids in natural populations of Crataegus suksdorfii, whereas tetraploids are formed via a triploid bridge, involving the backcross of allotriploid offspring with their diploid C. suksdorfii parent, followed by gene introgression from sympatric C. douglasii. Our findings provide empirical evidence for different pathways of polyploid formation that are all likely to occur within natural populations and the allopatric establishment of neopolyploids subsequent to their formation. PMID:20561052

  1. [Giant intradiploic infratentorial epidermoid cyst].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberione, F; Caire, F; Fischer-Lokou, D; Gueye, M; Moreau, J J

    2007-10-01

    Epidermoid cysts are benign, uncommon lesions (1% of all intracranial tumors). Their localization is intradiploic in 25% of cases, and exceptionally subtentorial. We report here a rare case of giant intradiploic infratentorial epidermoid cyst. A 74-year old patient presented with recent diplopia and sindrome cerebellar. CT scan and MR imaging revealed a giant osteolytic extradural lesion of the posterior fossa (5.2 cm x 3.8 cm) with a small area of peripheral enhancement after contrast injection. Retrosigmoid suboccipital craniectomy allowed a satisfactory removal of the tumor, followed by an acrylic cranioplasty. The outcome was good. Neuropathological examination confirmed an epidermoid cyst. We review the literature and discuss our case. PMID:18008017

  2. Proteorhodopsin genes in giant viruses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yutin Natalya

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Viruses with large genomes encode numerous proteins that do not directly participate in virus biogenesis but rather modify key functional systems of infected cells. We report that a distinct group of giant viruses infecting unicellular eukaryotes that includes Organic Lake Phycodnaviruses and Phaeocystis globosa virus encode predicted proteorhodopsins that have not been previously detected in viruses. Search of metagenomic sequence data shows that putative viral proteorhodopsins are extremely abundant in marine environments. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that giant viruses acquired proteorhodopsins via horizontal gene transfer from proteorhodopsin-encoding protists although the actual donor(s could not be presently identified. The pattern of conservation of the predicted functionally important amino acid residues suggests that viral proteorhodopsin homologs function as sensory rhodopsins. We hypothesize that viral rhodopsins modulate light-dependent signaling, in particular phototaxis, in infected protists. This article was reviewed by Igor B. Zhulin and Laksminarayan M. Iyer. For the full reviews, see the Reviewers’ reports section.

  3. Giant viruses come of age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Matthias G

    2016-06-01

    Viruses with genomes up to a few megabases in length are a common occurrence in nature, even though they have escaped our notice until recently. These giant viruses infect mainly single-celled eukaryotes and isolation efforts concentrating on amoebal hosts alone have spawned hundreds of viral isolates, featuring viruses with previously unseen virion morphologies and the largest known viral genomes and particles. One of the challenges that lie ahead is to analyze and categorize the available data and to establish an approved classification system that reflects the evolutionary relationships and biological properties of these viruses. Extensive sampling of Acanthamoeba-infecting mimiviruses and initial characterization of their virophage parasites have provided a first blueprint of the genetic diversity and composition of a giant virus clade that will facilitate the taxonomic grouping of these fascinating microorganisms. PMID:26999382

  4. Evaluation of stem injection for managing giant reed (Arundo donax).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, David F

    2014-01-01

    Giant reed is an emergent aquatic plant that may be weedy in riparian habitats. Two herbicides approved for controlling giant reed in the US are glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine) and imazapyr (2-[4,5-dihydro-4-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-5-oxo-1H-imidazol-2-yl]-3-pyridinecarboxylic acid). Foliar applications of these herbicides may be restricted in some areas, such as those, which are within the range of threatened or endangered species. We conducted two field experiments at sites in northern and central California. The first experiment evaluated the effects of three aquatic herbicides (glyphosate, imazapyr, and triclopyr [(3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyl)oxy]acetic acid) injected into all of the stems within a giant reed (5 mL stem(-1)). In this experiment, leaf chlorophyll content, the proportion of living stems, and the number of new stems produced during the year after treatment declined (>80%) following injection of either full strength glyphosate or imazapyr. The effects of injecting full strength triclopyr were considerably less. In a second experiment, different proportions (0, 10%, 25%, or 100%) of the stems within a plant were injected with full strength glyphosate. Results indicated that it was necessary to inject all of the stems within a clump to achieve the greatest reduction in the plant growth characteristics measured. These results imply that giant reed may be successfully controlled by injecting full strength glyphosate (5 mL stem(-1)) into all of the stems within a clump. While labor intensive and thus potentially more costly this method, offers a new method for managing giant reed in sensitive sites where foliar spray applications may be restricted. PMID:25035911

  5. Idiopathic giant right atrial aneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 2-year-old boy with an incidental finding of massive cardiomegaly on a chest X-ray was diagnosed with a giant right atrial aneurysm upon further investigation with echocardiography. The patient underwent successful surgical reduction of the right atrium and closure of the patent foramen ovale to prevent thromboembolic complications and to lower the risk of atrial arrhythmias. The resected atrium had paper-thin walls and pathological features of interstitial fibrosis with endocardial thickening

  6. Observed Properties of Giant Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hathaway, David H.; Upton, Lisa; Colegrove, Owen

    2014-01-01

    The existence of Giant Cells has been suggested by both theory and observation for over 45 years. We have tracked the motions of supergranules in SDO/HMI Doppler velocity data and find larger (Giant Cell) flows that persist for months. The flows in these cells are clockwise around centers of divergence in the north and counter-clockwise in the south. Equatorward flows are correlated with prograde flows - giving the transport of angular momentum toward the equator that is needed to maintain the Sun's rapid equatorial rotation. The cells are most pronounced at mid- and high-latitudes where they exhibit the rotation rates representative of those latitudes. These are clearly large, long-lived, cellular features, with the dynamical characteristics expected from the effects of the Sun's rotation, but the shapes of the cells are not well represented in numerical models. While the Giant Cell flow velocities are small (<10 m/s), their long lifetimes should nonetheless substantially impact the transport of magnetic flux in the Sun's near surface layers.

  7. Giant magnetostriction in magnetite nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Giant magnetostriction in iron oxide nanoparticles. ► A 4% relative change in dimension of the particle. ► Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) as a tool for magnetostriction. ► Magnetoelastic coupling between surface spins and external magnetic field. ► There is a surface structure–property relationship. - Abstract: Typically the value of the magnetostrictive coefficient (λ) observed for bulk magnetic materials such as cubic ferrites is 10−6. However, giant magnetostriction (λ ≤ 10−3) is only observed in a few bulk intermetallic materials based on alloys of rare earth and iron such as TbFe, TbFe2, DyFe2 and Terefenol-D. While giant magnetostriction is known in nanostructured films, we show for the first time, this phenomenon occurs in magnetic nanoparticles. By using in-field small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) as a tool, we demonstrate that a 4% relative change in dimension of the particle can be observed in 5.0 nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles at room temperature with 1 kG magnetic field. Also, we propose that the observed values are due to interaction effects and magnetoelastic coupling of particle magnetic moments and external magnetic field.

  8. Kepler rapidly rotating giant stars

    CERN Document Server

    Costa, A D; Bravo, J P; Paz-Chinchón, F; Chagas, M L das; Leão, I C; de Oliveira, G Pereira; da Silva, R Rodrigues; Roque, S; de Oliveira, L L A; da Silva, D Freire; De Medeiros, J R

    2015-01-01

    Rapidly rotating giant stars are relatively rare and may represent important stages of stellar evolution, resulting from stellar coalescence of close binary systems or accretion of sub-stellar companions by their hosting stars. In the present letter we report 17 giant stars observed in the scope of the Kepler space mission exhibiting rapid rotation behavior. For the first time the abnormal rotational behavior for this puzzling family of stars is revealed by direct measurements of rotation, namely from photometric rotation period, exhibiting very short rotation period with values ranging from 13 to 55 days. This finding points for remarkable surface rotation rates, up to 18 times the Sun rotation. These giants are combined with 6 other recently listed in the literature for mid-IR diagnostic based on WISE information, from which a trend for an infrared excess is revealed for at least a half of the stars, but at a level far lower than the dust excess emission shown by planet-bearing main-sequence stars.

  9. Testing planet formation theories with Giant stars

    OpenAIRE

    Pasquini, Luca; Doellinger, M. P.; Hatzes, A.; Setiawan, J.; Girardi, L.; Da Silva, L.; de Medeiros, J. R.

    2008-01-01

    Planet searches around evolved giant stars are bringing new insights to planet formation theories by virtue of the broader stellar mass range of the host stars compared to the solar-type stars that have been the subject of most current planet searches programs. These searches among giant stars are producing extremely interesting results. Contrary to main sequence stars planet-hosting giants do not show a tendency of being more metal rich. Even if limited, the statistics also suggest a higher ...

  10. Solitary ulcerated congenital giant juvenile xanthogranuloma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su Yuen Ng

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 3-month-old female patient with a giant ulcerated nodule over the back since birth was diagnosed as congenital giant juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG based on clinical and histopathological examination. Congenital giant JXG with ulceration at birth is a rare presentation of JXG and commonly misdiagnosed. This case emphasizes the importance of being aware of the myriad presentations of JXG in order to make a correct diagnosis and avoid unnecessary investigations or treatment.

  11. Rapid Formation of Ice Giant Planets

    CERN Document Server

    Boss, A P; Haghighipour, N; Boss, Alan P.; Wetherill, George W.; Haghighipour, Nader

    2002-01-01

    The existence of Uranus and Neptune presents severe difficulties for the core accretion model for the formation of ice giant planets. We suggest an alternative mechanism, namely disk instability leading to the formation of gas giant protoplanets, coagulation and settling of dust grains to form ice/rock cores at their centers, and photoevaporation of their gaseous envelopes by a nearby OB star, as a possible means of forming ice giant planets.

  12. Giant cell tumor of the mandible

    OpenAIRE

    Giri, G V V; Gheena Sukumaran; Ravindran, C.; Malathi Narasimman

    2015-01-01

    Giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone is a distinctive neoplasm characterized by abundance of multinucleated giant cells scattered throughout the stroma of mononuclear cells. Its importance lies in recognizing and differentiating the characteristic histology, which at times may mimic several other bone tumors and endocrine disorders ranging from locally aggressive giant cell granulomas to hyperparathyroidism to malignant tumors. The jaw bones account for less than 1% of the lesion.In a literature se...

  13. Giant Cane and Southeastern Indian Baskets

    OpenAIRE

    Julia A. Jordan

    2004-01-01

    Among the wide variety of natural materials suitable for basket making, one of the most attractive is giant cane (Figure 1), an Oklahoma native plant. Taxonomically, giant cane is in the genus Arundinaria, and the family Poaceae (grasses). This genus comprises the only native species of bamboo in the continental United States. Hitchcock (1971) recognized one genus: Arundinaria Michx. (cane) and two species: Arundinaria macrosperma Michx., giant cane, and Arundinaria tecta Walt. Muhl., switch ...

  14. Natural history of giant intracranial aneurysms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The outcome of a consecutive series of 28 patients with giant aneurysm who had been followed without surgery from one month to 12 years after the diagnosis was made, are presented with reviewing their radiological and clinical features. Symptoms and signs were directly or indirectly attributable to the intracranial mass effect and nine patients (32 %) presented subarachnoid hemorrhage. Subarachnoid hemorrhage was frequently associated with intraventricular or intracerebral hemorrhage, a poor clinical grading at admission and a high mortality. Subarachnoid hemorrhage was most often recorded from the giant aneurysm at the supraclinoid portion of the internal carotid artery and the vertebro-basilar artery, but the rupture from the intracavernous giant aneurysm, completely thrombosed giant aneurysm and the fusiform type of giant aneurysm was rare. The mortality rate in 28 cases for the above follow up period was 46 % (13 in 28 cases) and major morbidity occured in 11 % (3 in 28 cases). The above outcome of non operated giant aneurysm cases may justify the surgical management of the giant aneurysm, but as the intracavernous giant aneurysm and thrombosed giant aneurysm are relatively harmless, surgical indication should be carefully decided, especially in the older patients. (author)

  15. The Orbital Evolution of Gas Giant Planets around Giant Stars

    OpenAIRE

    Villaver, Eva; Livio, Mario

    2009-01-01

    Recent surveys have revealed a lack of close-in planets around evolved stars more massive than 1.2 Msun. Such planets are common around solar-mass stars. We have calculated the orbital evolution of planets around stars with a range of initial masses, and have shown how planetary orbits are affected by the evolution of the stars all the way to the tip of the Red Giant Branch (RGB). We find that tidal interaction can lead to the engulfment of close-in planets by evolved stars. The engulfment is...

  16. Giant bubble pinch-off

    OpenAIRE

    Bergmann, Raymond; Meer, Van Der; Stijnman, Mark; Sandtke, Marijn; Prosperetti, Andrea; Lohse, Detlef

    2006-01-01

    Self-similarity has been the paradigmatic picture for the pinch-off of a drop. Here we will show through high-speed imaging and boundary integral simulations that the inverse problem, the pinch-off of an air bubble in water, is not self-similar in a strict sense: A disk is quickly pulled through a water surface, leading to a giant, cylindrical void which after collapse creates an upward and a downward jet. Only in the limiting case of large Froude numbers does the purely inertial scaling h(-l...

  17. [Aortitis in giant cell arteritis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, J; Duhaut, P

    2016-04-01

    Aortitis is a frequent complication of giant cell arteritis. Imaging techniques can reveal the inflammation of the aortic wall. CT-scan can show circumferential aortic wall thickening, or TEP-scan can show aortic FDG-uptake. Aortic aneurysm and dissection is a feared but probably rare complication of the inflammation of the aortic wall during GCA. Screening for aortitis could be proposed for patients with symptoms of aortic involvement, for patients with signs of large vessels involvement (limb claudication, bruit) or for patients with incomplete response to treatment. The best follow-up and treatment are to be determined for the patients with aortitis related to GCA. PMID:26781692

  18. Totally thrombosed giant anterior communicating artery aneurysm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V R Roopesh Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Giant anterior communicating artery aneurysmsarerare. Apatient presented with visual dysfunction, gait ataxia and urinary incontinence. MRI showed a giant suprasellar mass.At surgery, the lesion was identified as being an aneurysm arising from the anterior communicating artery.The difficulty in preoperative diagnosis and relevant literature are reviewed.

  19. Solitary subependymal giant cell astrocytoma: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kashiwagi, Nobuo; Yoshihara, Wataru; Shimada, Nobumitu; Tanaka, Hisashi; Fujita, Norihiko; Hirabuki, Norio; Watanabe, Yoshiyuki E-mail: kashiwagi@kanrou.net; Nakamura, Hironobu

    2000-01-01

    In this report, we describe a case of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma in a patient lacking clinical symptoms of tuberous sclerosis. The absence of any features of tuberous sclerosis initially dissuaded us from including subependymal giant cell astrocytoma in our differential diagnosis.

  20. Direct-decay properties of Giant Resonances

    CERN Document Server

    Urin, M H

    2008-01-01

    A semi-microscopic approach based on the continuum-RPA method and a phenomenological treatment of the spreading effect is developed and applied to describe direct-decay properties of a few isovector giant resonances. Capabilities of the approach to describe giant-resonance gross properties are also checked.

  1. Internal rotation of red giants by asteroseismology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christensen-Dalsgaard J.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available We present an asteroseismic approach to study the dynamics of the stellar interior in red giant stars by asteroseismic inversion of the splittings induced by the stellar rotation on the oscillation frequencies. We show preliminary results obtained for the red giant KIC4448777 observed by the space mission Kepler.

  2. Giant Planet Formation, Evolution, and Internal Structure

    CERN Document Server

    Helled, Ravit; Podolak, Morris; Boley, Aaron; Meru, Farzana; Nayakshin, Sergei; Fortney, Jonathan J; Mayer, Lucio; Alibert, Yann; Boss, Alan P

    2013-01-01

    The large number of detected giant exoplanets offers the opportunity to improve our understanding of the formation mechanism, evolution, and interior structure of gas giant planets. The two main models for giant planet formation are core accretion and disk instability. There are substantial differences between these formation models, including formation timescale, favorable formation location, ideal disk properties for planetary formation, early evolution, planetary composition, etc. First, we summarize the two models including their substantial differences, advantages, and disadvantages, and suggest how theoretical models should be connected to available (and future) data. We next summarize current knowledge of the internal structures of solar- and extrasolar- giant planets. Finally, we suggest the next steps to be taken in giant planet exploration.

  3. Mass Transfer from Giant Donors

    CERN Document Server

    Pavlovskii, K

    2014-01-01

    The stability of mass transfer in binaries with convective giant donors remains an open question in modern astrophysics. There is a significant discrepancy between what the existing methods predict for a response to mass loss of the giant itself, as well as for the mass transfer rate during the Roche lobe overflow. Here we show that the recombination energy in the superadiabatic layer plays an important and hitherto unaccounted-for role in he donor's response to mass loss, in particular on its luminosity and effective temperature. Our improved optically thick nozzle method to calculate the mass transfer rate via $L_1$ allows us to evolve binary systems for a substantial Roche lobe overflow. We propose a new, strengthened criterion for the mass transfer instability, basing it on whether the donor experiences overflow through its outer Lagrangian point. We find that with the new criterion, if the donor has a well-developed outer convective envelope, the critical initial mass ratio for which a binary would evolv...

  4. Lithium in Open Cluster Red Giants Hosting Substellar Companions

    CERN Document Server

    Carlberg, Joleen K; Cunha, Katia; Carpenter, Kenneth G

    2015-01-01

    We have measured stellar parameters, [Fe/H], lithium abundances, rotation, and 12C/13C in a small sample of red giants in three open clusters that are each home to a red giant star that hosts a substellar companion (NGC2423 3, NGC4349 127, and BD+12 1917 in M67). Our goal is to explore whether the presence of substellar companions influences the Li content. Both 12C/13C and stellar rotation are measured as additional tracers of stellar mixing. One of the companion hosts, NGC2423 3, is found to be Li-rich with A(Li)_NLTE=1.56 dex, and this abundance is significantly higher than the A(Li) of the two comparison stars in NGC2423. All three substellar companion hosts have the highest A(Li) and 12C/13C when compared to the control red giants in their respective clusters; however, except for NGC2423 3, at least one control star has similarly high abundances within the uncertainties. Higher A(Li) could suggest that the formation or presence of planets plays a role in the degree of internal mixing on or before the red...

  5. Giant cell tumor of the spine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozaki, Toshifumi; Liljenqvist, Ulf; Halm, Henry; Hillmann, Axel; Gosheger, Georg; Winkelmann, Winfried

    2002-08-01

    Six patients with giant cell tumor of the spine had surgery between 1981 and 1995. Three lesions were located in the scrum, two lesions were in the thoracic spine, and one lesion was in the lumbar spine. Preoperatively, all patients had local pain and neurologic symptoms. Two patients had cement implanted after curettage or intralesional excision of the sacral tumor; one patient had a local relapse. After the second curettage and cement implantation, the tumor was controlled. One patient with a sacral lesion had marginal excision and spondylodesis; no relapse developed. Two patients with thoracic lesions had planned marginal excision and spondylodesis; the margins finally became intralesional, but no relapse developed. One patient with a lumbar lesion had incomplete removal of the tumor and received postoperative irradiation. At the final followup (median, 69 months), five of six patients were disease-free and one patient died of disease progression. Two of the five surviving patients had pain after standing or neurologic problems. Although some contamination occurred, planning a marginal excision of the lesion seems beneficial for vertebral lesions above the sacrum. Total sacrectomy of a sacral lesion seems to be too invasive when cement implantation can control the lesion. PMID:12151896

  6. Using Onyx in endovascular embolization of internal carotid artery large or giant aneurysms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background and purpose: Internal carotid artery (ICA) large or giant saccular aneurysms is challenging for endovascular coil embolization and surgical clipping with a high recanalization and rebleeding rate. We report our results using Onyx in the endovascular treatment of ICA large or giant saccular aneurysms. Methods: During 2008–2010, 5 patients with 5 large or giant saccular aneurysms in ICA were treated with a liquid embolic agent (Onyx; Micro Therapeutics, Irvine, CA). One aneurysm was small (<10 mm), 2 were large (≥10 mm, <25 mm) and 2 were giant saccular aneurysms (≥25 mm). Of 3 female and 2 male patients, 3 were incidental and 2 had bleeding. Selective embolization was performed with Onyx alone or a combination with coils. Clinical and anatomic outcomes were assessed with the Modified Glasgow Outcome Scale and follow-up angiography was performed at 4–21 months (mean 12.2 months). Results: Complete aneurysm occlusion was obtained in all of the aneurysms on immediate control angiogram. There was not any procedure-related complication. No recanalization was observed at the follow- up periods. There were 2 ICA occlusions in giant ICA aneurysms. The 5 patients were all clinically asymptomatic at follow-up. Conclusion: Endovascular embolization with Onyx is a useful treatment for ICA large or giant aneurysms, which is unsuitable for coiling or surgical treatment.

  7. Aberrant DNA methylation of cancer-related genes in giant breast fibroadenoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orozco Javier I

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Giant fibroadenoma is an uncommon variant of benign breast lesions. Aberrant methylation of CpG islands in promoter regions is known to be involved in the silencing of genes (for example, tumor-suppressor genes and appears to be an early event in the etiology of breast carcinogenesis. Only hypermethylation of p16INK4a has been reported in non-giant breast fibroadenoma. In this particular case, there are no previously published data on epigenetic alterations in giant fibroadenomas. Our previous results, based on the analysis of 49 cancer-related CpG islands have confirmed that the aberrant methylation is specific to malignant breast tumors and that it is completely absent in normal breast tissue and breast fibroadenomas. Case presentation A 13-year-old Hispanic girl was referred after she had noted a progressive development of a mass in her left breast. On physical examination, a 10 × 10 cm lump was detected and axillary lymph nodes were not enlarged. After surgical removal the lump was diagnosed as a giant fibroadenoma. Because of the high growth rate of this benign tumor, we decided to analyze the methylation status of 49 CpG islands related to cell growth control. We have identified the methylation of five cancer-related CpG islands in the giant fibroadenoma tissue: ESR1, MGMT, WT-1, BRCA2 and CD44. Conclusion In this case report we show for the first time the methylation analysis of a giant fibroadenoma. The detection of methylation of these five cancer-related regions indicates substantial epigenomic differences with non-giant fibroadenomas. Epigenetic alterations could explain the higher growth rate of this tumor. Our data contribute to the growing knowledge of aberrant methylation in breast diseases. In this particular case, there exist no previous data regarding the role of methylation in giant fibroadenomas, considered by definition as a benign breast lesion.

  8. Giant tunneling magnetoresistance in silicene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Yu, E-mail: ywang@semi.ac.cn [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, 650500 Yunnan (China); Lou, Yiyi [Yiyuan Student Community, Center of Student Community Education and Management, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, 650500 Yunnan (China)

    2013-11-14

    We have theoretically studied ballistic electron transport in silicene under the manipulation of a pair of ferromagnetic gate. Transport properties like transmission and conductance have been calculated by the standard transfer matrix method for parallel and antiparallel magnetization configurations. It is demonstrated here that, due to the stray field-induced wave-vector filtering effect, remarkable difference in configuration-dependent transport gives rise to a giant tunneling magnetoresistance. In combination with the peculiar buckled structure of silicene and its electric tunable energy gap, the receiving magnetoresistance can be efficiently modulated by the externally-tunable stray field, electrostatic potential, and staggered sublattice potential, providing some flexible strategies to construct silicene-based nanoelectronic device.

  9. Spinodal decomposition and giant magnetoresistance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We explore the relation of nanostructures with the appearance of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in melt-spun CuCo ribbons. We find by energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy that the ribbons are composed of a periodic distribution of Co within the Cu, as in spinodal decomposition. The lamellar structure should thus be associated with GMR, as only a small percentage of the Co is present in the form of grains. This is counterintuitive, for no clear interfaces are present as required by standard models, and the period of the composition oscillation (43-52 nm) is an order of magnitude larger than the mean free paths for electrons. Upon annealing, a secondary spinodal decomposition appears following the same direction as the original

  10. Giant trichobezoar mimicking gastric tumour

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a case of giant gastric trichobezoar retrieved through a long gastrotomy in a 40 years old married women from rural Sindh with unreported psychological disturbance. Trichobezoar almost exclusively occur in females with an underlying psychiatric disorder. It has an insidious development of symptoms which accounts for its delayed presentation and large size at the time of diagnosis. They are associated with trichophagia (habit of compulsive hair eating) and are usually diagnosed on CT Scans or upper GI Endoscopy. They can give rise to complications like gastro-duodenal ulceration, haemorrhage, perforation, peritonitis or obstruction with a high rate of mortality. The treatment is endoscopic, laparoscopic or surgical removal and usually followed by psychiatric opinion. (author)

  11. Mapping Directly Imaged Giant Exoplanets

    CERN Document Server

    Kostov, Veselin B

    2012-01-01

    With the increasing number of directly imaged giant exoplanets the current atmosphere models are often not capable of fully explaining the spectra and luminosity of the sources. A particularly challenging component of the atmosphere models is the formation and properties of condensate cloud layers, which fundamentally impact the energetics, opacity, and evolution of the planets. Here we present a suite of techniques that can be used to estimate the level of rotational modulations these planets may show. We propose that the time--resolved observations of such periodic photometric and spectroscopic variations of extrasolar planets due to their rotation can be used as a powerful tool to probe the heterogeneity of their optical surfaces. We address and discuss the following questions: a) what planet properties can be deduced from the light curve and/or spectra, and in particular can we determine rotation periods, spot--coverage, spot colors, spot spectra; b) what is the optimal configuration of instrument/wavelen...

  12. Giant cell tumor of the mandible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G V V Giri

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Giant cell tumor (GCT of bone is a distinctive neoplasm characterized by abundance of multinucleated giant cells scattered throughout the stroma of mononuclear cells. Its importance lies in recognizing and differentiating the characteristic histology, which at times may mimic several other bone tumors and endocrine disorders ranging from locally aggressive giant cell granulomas to hyperparathyroidism to malignant tumors. The jaw bones account for less than 1% of the lesion.In a literature search, we found only five cases of GCT of jaw bones based on the new criteria. We present a rare case of GCT of the mandible which occurred in a 12-year-old female.

  13. Giant basal cell carcinoma Carcinoma basocelular gigante

    OpenAIRE

    Nilton Nasser; Nilton Nasser Filho; Bruno Trauczynski Neto; Lissandra Melati da Silva

    2012-01-01

    The basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer but the giant vegetating basal cell carcinoma reaches less than 0.5 % of all basal cell carcinoma types. The Giant BCC, defined as a lesion with more than 5 cm at its largest diameter, is a rare form of BCC and commonly occurs on the trunk. This patient, male, 42 years old presents a Giant Basal Cell Carcinoma which reaches 180 cm2 on the right shoulder and was negligent in looking for treatment. Surgical treatment was performed and no s...

  14. Giant ureteral stone: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davut Akın

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Calculi of urinary system may be detected in ureter, bladder, and urethra. Calculi of ureter are commonly solitary and smaller than 2 cm in length. Giant ureteral stone is rare. We present our case of giant ureteral stone with imaging findings. An approximately 10 cm long stone was detected on direct urinary system graphy and intravenous urography of 28 year-old male admitted with left colic pain. The stone was extracted by open ureterolithotomy. The stone was 10 cm in length. Imaging methods are important to localize the stone, evaluate renal function, stage of hydronephrosis, differentiate acute from chronic, and diagnose predisposing factors in cases with giant ureteral stones.

  15. Giant Congenital Melanocytic Naevi: review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Marchesi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available giant congenital pigmented naevi is a great reconstructive challenge for the pediatric and plastic surgeons. due to the increased risk of malignant transformation in such lesions, many procedures have been used to remove giant congenital naevi like dermoabrasion, laser treatment or surgical excision combined with reconstruction through skin expansion or skin grafting; among these, only a complete excision can offer an efficacious treatment. in our centre we use the “tissue expansion” technique in order to achieve a sufficient quantity of normal skin to perform a both staged and radical excision of these giant lesions.

  16. Giant choledochal calculosis: Surgical treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Bektas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Gallstone disease is one of the most common surgical pathologies. Choledocholithiasis may occur in some of these cases and require surgical intervention. Although there are relatively non-invasive procedures such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP, this technique is usually unsuccessful in patients with stones larger than 10 mm. In our case, we aimed to report a giant choledochal stone (15 cm × 4.5 cm, which is rare in surgical practice and our treatment with open surgery. Case Report: The patient was a 59-year-old woman. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP had showed a hydropic gallbladder with an excessively dilated CBD and a 110 mm × 41 mm stone. In the operation, an excessively dilated CBD was seen and after choledochotomy and a very large calculus that filled CBD completely. Choledochotomy incision was carried forward and a T-tube choledochostomy with choledochoduodenostomy (CD was performed. The patient was discharged without any complications on postoperative 8 th day. Conclusion: Benign gallstone disease is a multifactorial process, with risk factors such as obesity, hemolytic diseases, diabetes mellitus, and pregnancy. Risk factors for choledocholithiasis are similar to those for gallstone disease. MRCP is a non-invasive technique in detecting choledocholithiasis. The gold standard intervention for CBD stones is ERCP. Stones in CBD may reach very considerable dimensions without causing serious symptoms. The most common symptom is jaundice. During preoperative radiological examination, giant stones may be interfered with malignancies. Surgeons should obey conventional algorithms in diagnosis and open surgery must be kept in mind in earlier stages without being too insistent on endoscopic interventions.

  17. STUDIES ON THE INGESTION CHARACTERISTICS OF GIANT FRESHWATER PRAWN, CHINESE PRAWN AND GIANT TIGER PRAWN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The ingestion of giant freshwater prawn, Chinese prawn and giant tiger prawn had continuity and the ingestion high peak occurred at night. Light and temperature had significant effects on the daily ingestion rate (DIR) of giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Red light and blue light favorably induced favorable ingestion. In the adaptive range of temperature, the DIR increased with rising temperature and feeding frequency, but decreased with rising body weight.

  18. Fatal canine distemper virus infection of giant pandas in China

    OpenAIRE

    Na Feng; Yicong Yu; Tiecheng Wang; Peter Wilker; Jianzhong Wang; Yuanguo Li; Zhe Sun; Yuwei Gao; Xianzhu Xia

    2016-01-01

    We report an outbreak of canine distemper virus (CDV) infection among endangered giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Five of six CDV infected giant pandas died. The surviving giant panda was previously vaccinated against CDV. Genomic sequencing of CDV isolated from one of the infected pandas (giant panda/SX/2014) suggests it belongs to the Asia-1 cluster. The hemagglutinin protein of the isolated virus and virus sequenced from lung samples originating from deceased giant pandas all possess...

  19. Giant planets. Holweck prize lecture 1982

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hide, R. (Meteorological Office, Bracknell (UK))

    1982-10-01

    The main characteristics of the giant planets, Jupiter and Saturn, are outlined. Studies which have been made of the circulation of their atmospheres, the structure of their interiors and the origin of their magnetic fields are discussed.

  20. Genetics Home Reference: giant congenital melanocytic nevus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... mutation in large congenital melanocytic nevi. J Invest Dermatol. 2014 Apr;134(4):1067-74. doi: 10. ... applied to giant congenital melanocytic nevi. J Invest Dermatol. 2014 Apr;134(4):879-82. doi: 10. ...

  1. Nature of giant pulses in radio pulsars

    CERN Document Server

    Petrova, S A

    2006-01-01

    Formation of giant radio pulses is attributed to propagation effects in the plasma of pulsar magnetosphere. Induced scattering of radio waves by the plasma particles is found to lead to an efficient redistribution of the radio emission in frequency. With the steep spectrum of pulsar radiation, intensity transfer between the widely spaced frequencies may imply significant narrow-band amplification of the radiation. This may give rise to giant pulses. It is demonstrated that the statistics of giant pulse intensities observed can be reproduced if one take into account pulse-to-pulse fluctuations of the plasma number density and the original intensity. Polarization properties of the strongly amplified pulses, their location in the average pulse window and the origin of the nanostructure of giant pulses are discussed as well.

  2. Selecting M-giants with WISE photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jing

    2015-08-01

    We use M-giants, M-dwarfs and QSOs identified by LAMOST to assess how well WISE & 2MASS colour-cuts can separate these populations through photometry. We find that the WISE bands are very efficient to separate M-giants from M-dwarfs, especially for the early-type stars. We derive a new photometric relation to estimate [Fe/H] for M-giants. We show that previous photometric distance relations may be biased and devise a new empirical distance relation. We detect M-giants in the Sagittarius stream from the ALLWISE Source Archive. Our detection shows good agreement with the bright stream, although the leading tail appears to be misaligned by a couple of degrees. We have measured the metallicity distribution at four locations along the stream, finding a clear metallicity offset between the leading and trailing tails.

  3. Giant cell arteritis presenting as scalp necrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maidana, Daniel E; Muñoz, Silvia; Acebes, Xènia; Llatjós, Roger; Jucglà, Anna; Alvarez, Alba

    2011-01-01

    The differential of scalp ulceration in older patients should include several causes, such as herpes zoster, irritant contact dermatitis, ulcerated skin tumors, postirradiation ulcers, microbial infections, pyoderma gangrenosum, and giant cell arteritis. Scalp necrosis associated with giant cell arteritis was first described in the 1940s. The presence of this dermatological sign within giant cell arteritis represents a severity marker of this disease, with a higher mean age at diagnosis, an elevated risk of vision loss and tongue gangrene, as well as overall higher mortality rates, in comparison to patients not presenting this manifestation. Even though scalp necrosis due to giant cell arteritis is exceptional, a high level of suspicion must be held for this clinical finding, in order to initiate prompt and proper treatment and avoid blindness. PMID:21789466

  4. Genetics Home Reference: giant axonal neuropathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in giant axonal neuropathy: new insights into disease mechanisms. Muscle Nerve. 2012 Aug;46(2):246-56. ... with a qualified healthcare professional . About Genetics Home Reference Site Map Contact Us Selection Criteria for Links ...

  5. AFSC/ABL: Female Giant Grenadier maturity

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Giant grenadiers Albatrossia pectoralis are caught as bycatch in deep-sea commercial fisheries in relatively large numbers. The population appears to be stable,...

  6. Enhanced recovery after giant ventral hernia repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, K K; Brondum, T L; Harling, H;

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: Giant ventral hernia repair is associated with a high risk of postoperative morbidity and prolonged length of stay (LOS). Enhanced recovery (ERAS) measures have proved to lead to decreased morbidity and LOS after various surgical procedures, but never after giant hernia repair. The current...... study prospectively examined the results of implementation of an ERAS pathway including high-dose preoperative glucocorticoid, and compared the outcome with patients previously treated according to standard care (SC). METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent giant ventral hernia repair were included......-dose glucocorticoid may lead to low scores of pain, fatigue and nausea after giant ventral hernia repair with reduced LOS compared with patients treated according to SC....

  7. Giant Photogalvanic Effect in Noncentrosymmetric Plasmonic Nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhukovsky, Sergei; Babicheva, Viktoriia; Evlyukhin, Andrey B.;

    2014-01-01

    , but is several orders of magnitude stronger. Termed the giant plasmonic photogalvanic effect, the reported phenomenon is valuable for characterizing photoemission and photoconductive properties of plasmonic nanostructures and can find many uses for photodetection and photovoltaic applications....

  8. The Giant Otter Project In Peru 1995

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christof Schenck

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available Giant Otters (Pteronura brasiliensis are rarely investigated but highly endangered. The project "STATUS, HABITAT AND CONSERVATION OF GIANT OTTERS IN PERU" from the Frankfurt Zoological Society, - Help for Threatened Wildlife - started in 1990 with a two and half year fieldwork period. The project is actually run with a yearly two months fieldwork period in Peru and ongoing analyzing, management and coordination from Germany. Following we give the report for 1995.

  9. AGB (asymptotic giant branch): Star evolution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker, S.A.

    1987-01-01

    Asymptotic giant branch stars are red supergiant stars of low-to-intermediate mass. This class of stars is of particular interest because many of these stars can have nuclear processed material brought up repeatedly from the deep interior to the surface where it can be observed. A review of recent theoretical and observational work on stars undergoing the asymptotic giant branch phase is presented. 41 refs.

  10. Risk Factors for Giant Retinal Tears

    OpenAIRE

    Morteza Mehdizadeh; Mehrdad Afarid; Mohammad Shabanpour Haqiqi

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the risk factors associated with giant retinal tears. Methods: This retrospective study was performed on medical records of 150 patients who had undergone retinal detachment surgery. Age, sex, history of trauma, lens status (phakic, pseudophakic, or aphakic), and high myopia were evaluated in association with giant retinal tears. Results: Of 150 patients with retinal detachments, 99 subjects (66%) were older than 30 years while 51 (34%) were 30 years of age or you...

  11. Risk Factors for Giant Retinal Tears

    OpenAIRE

    Mehdizadeh, Morteza; Afarid, Mehrdad; Haqiqi, Mohammad Shabanpour

    2010-01-01

    Purpose To evaluate the risk factors associated with giant retinal tears. Methods This retrospective study was performed on medical records of 150 patients who had undergone retinal detachment surgery. Age, sex, history of trauma, lens status (phakic, pseudophakic, or aphakic), and high myopia were evaluated in association with giant retinal tears. Results Of 150 patients with retinal detachments, 99 subjects (66%) were older than 30 years while 51 (34%) were 30 years of age or younger. Overa...

  12. Perianal Giant Condyloma Acuminatum: A Case Report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Rare giant condyloma acuminatum (CA) reported by this paper is an interesting unusual case in China. Giant CA is a tumor that primarily affects the genital and perianal areas. Its feature is the high rate of local recurrence and transformation into squamous cell carcinoma. Making choice of wide surgical excision and using interferon as antiviral and immunoenhancement for CA after operation, we obtain satisfactory functional and cosmetic results.

  13. Giant rhinophyma: Excision with coblation assisted surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Caner Sahin; Mesut Turker; Bulent Celasun

    2014-01-01

    An 83-year-old man presented with an unusually severe case of rhinophyma. Giant rhinopyhma is very rare in literature. The giant lesion was widely excised using sharp surgical incision and coblation assisted surgery. Using direct coblation to the nasal dorsum may cause edema in the surrounding tissue. There was minimal edema in surrounding tissue using this technique. A full thickness-skin graft was applied after excision. Cosmetic and functional postoperative results were satisfactory.

  14. AGB [asymptotic giant branch]: Star evolution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asymptotic giant branch stars are red supergiant stars of low-to-intermediate mass. This class of stars is of particular interest because many of these stars can have nuclear processed material brought up repeatedly from the deep interior to the surface where it can be observed. A review of recent theoretical and observational work on stars undergoing the asymptotic giant branch phase is presented. 41 refs

  15. Vertebral bony tumor of giant cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a report of a 37 years old, masculine patient, in whom a unique primary bone injury was demonstrated, located at T-11, diagnosed as a giant cells tumor (osteoclastoma). Location is described in the literature as unusual. The clinical presentation of the injury is described, as the initial radiological studies and magnetic resonance images 8 years after surgical treatment, with no neoplasic recurrences. The medical literature of these primary bone injuries and its treatment was also reviewed. Objectives: to present a patient with an unusual extramedullar tumor injury, of primary bone origin, benign, treated surgically and who has a post surgical follow-up of 8 years. Local tumor recurrence and not pulmonary metastasis was demonstrated. The medical literature of this bone pathology that affects the spine in an infrequent manner, was also reviewed, specially the related to medical, surgical and radio-therapeutic treatments. Methodology: the clinical history of the patient is described, who was successfully operated, because the expansive tumor was totally drawn out, without neurological injury; inter operating or post-operating vertebral instability was not observed or diagnosed. The patient was controlled in periodic form, with last medical checkup and of magnetic resonance 8 years after the surgery. The medical publications existing are reviewed

  16. Testing planet formation theories with Giant stars

    CERN Document Server

    Pasquini, Luca; Hatzes, A; Setiawan, J; Girardi, L; da Silva, L; De Medeiros, J R

    2008-01-01

    Planet searches around evolved giant stars are bringing new insights to planet formation theories by virtue of the broader stellar mass range of the host stars compared to the solar-type stars that have been the subject of most current planet searches programs. These searches among giant stars are producing extremely interesting results. Contrary to main sequence stars planet-hosting giants do not show a tendency of being more metal rich. Even if limited, the statistics also suggest a higher frequency of giant planets (at least 10 %) that are more massive compared to solar-type main sequence stars. The interpretation of these results is not straightforward. We propose that the lack of a metallicity-planet connection among giant stars is due to pollution of the star while on the main sequence, followed by dilution during the giant phase. We also suggest that the higher mass and frequency of the planets are due to the higher stellar mass. Even if these results do not favor a specific formation scenario, they su...

  17. Origin of lithium enrichment in K giants

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Yerra Bharat; Lambert, David L

    2011-01-01

    In this Letter, we report on a low-resolution spectroscopic survey for Li-rich K giants among 2000 low mass (M = 3.2) were discovered. A significant finding is that there is a concentration of Li-rich K giants at the luminosity of the clump or red horizontal branch. This new finding is partly a consequence of the fact that our low-resolution survey is the first large survey to include giants well below and above the RGB bump and clump locations in the HR diagram. Origin of the lithium enrichment may be plausibly attributed to the conversion of 3He via 7Be to 7Li by the Cameron-Fowler mechanism but the location for onset of the conversion is uncertain. Two possible opportunities to effect this conversion are discussed: the bump in the first ascent of the red giant branch (RGB) and the He-core flash at the tip of the RGB. The finite luminosity spread of the Li-rich giants serves to reject the idea that Li enhancement is, in general, a consequence of a giant swallowing a large planet.

  18. Report of study meeting on giant resonance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The research on the giant resonance of atomic nuclei taking the opportunity of the discovery of E2 giant resonance about 15 years ago has developed to the discovery of E0, E3 and E4 giant resonances, GT and MI resonances and others. The recent development seems to proceed toward the more basic understanding of the oscillation mode of atomic nuclei themselves through the research on giant resonance carried out so far. Taking the opportunity of the discovery of GT and MI resonances and others, the role of Δ nucleons in atomic nuclei has been actively discussed, and this is one of the good examples. In order to understand more comprehensively the behavior of nucleons in atomic nuclei and the nuclear force acting mutually on nucleons, it is effective to study on respective excitation modes after separating the response spectra of atomic nuclei into spin, isospin and exciting angular momentum. It is important also to search for a new excitation mode of atomic nuclei. In order to put the present status in order and to discuss the new direction of development about the giant resonance of atomic nuclei, the study meeting 'Giant resonance' was held on June 21 - 23, 1988 in the Nuclear Physics Research Center, Osaka University. In this report, the discussions and reports at the meeting are collected. (K.I.)

  19. Separating gas-giant and ice-giant planets by halting pebble accretion

    CERN Document Server

    Lambrechts, Michiel; Morbidelli, Alessandro

    2014-01-01

    In the Solar System giant planets come in two flavours: 'gas giants' (Jupiter and Saturn) with massive gas envelopes and 'ice giants' (Uranus and Neptune) with much thinner envelopes around their cores. It is poorly understood how these two classes of planets formed. High solid accretion rates, necessary to form the cores of giant planets within the life-time of protoplanetary discs, heat the envelope and prevent rapid gas contraction onto the core, unless accretion is halted. We find that, in fact, accretion of pebbles (~ cm-sized particles) is self-limiting: when a core becomes massive enough it carves a gap in the pebble disc. This halt in pebble accretion subsequently triggers the rapid collapse of the super-critical gas envelope. As opposed to gas giants, ice giants do not reach this threshold mass and can only bind low-mass envelopes that are highly enriched by water vapour from sublimated icy pebbles. This offers an explanation for the compositional difference between gas giants and ice giants in the S...

  20. The Giant Planet Satellite Exospheres

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrath, Melissa A.

    2014-01-01

    Exospheres are relatively common in the outer solar system among the moons of the gas giant planets. They span the range from very tenuous, surface-bounded exospheres (e.g., Rhea, Dione) to quite robust exospheres with exobase above the surface (e.g., lo, Triton), and include many intermediate cases (e.g., Europa, Ganymede, Enceladus). The exospheres of these moons exhibit an interesting variety of sources, from surface sputtering, to frost sublimation, to active plumes, and also well illustrate another common characteristic of the outer planet satellite exospheres, namely, that the primary species often exists both as a gas in atmosphere, and a condensate (frost or ice) on the surface. As described by Yelle et al. (1995) for Triton, "The interchange of matter between gas and solid phases on these bodies has profound effects on the physical state of the surface and the structure of the atmosphere." A brief overview of the exospheres of the outer planet satellites will be presented, including an inter-comparison of these satellites exospheres with each other, and with the exospheres of the Moon and Mercury.

  1. Giant bubble pinch-off

    CERN Document Server

    Bergmann, R; Prosperetti, A; Sandtke, M; Stijnman, M; Van der Meer, D; Bergmann, Raymond; Lohse, Detlef; Meer, Devaraj van der; Prosperetti, Andrea; Sandtke, Marijn; Stijnman, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Self-similarity has been the paradigmatic picture for the pinch-off of a drop. Here we will show through high-speed imaging and boundary integral simulations that the inverse problem, the pinch-off of an air bubble in water, is not self-similar in a strict sense: A disk is quickly pulled through a water surface, leading to a giant, cylindrical void which after collapse creates an upward and a downward jet. Only in the limiting case of large Froude number the neck radius $h$ scales as $h(-\\log h)^{1/4} \\propto \\tau^{1/2}$, the purely inertial scaling. For any finite Froude number the collapse is slower, and a second length-scale, the curvature of the void, comes into play. Both length-scales are found to exhibit power-law scaling in time, but with different exponents depending on the Froude number, signaling the non-universality of the bubble pinch-off.

  2. A giant thunderstorm on Saturn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, G; Kurth, W S; Gurnett, D A; Zarka, P; Dyudina, U A; Ingersoll, A P; Ewald, S P; Porco, C C; Wesley, A; Go, C; Delcroix, M

    2011-07-01

    Lightning discharges in Saturn's atmosphere emit radio waves with intensities about 10,000 times stronger than those of their terrestrial counterparts. These radio waves are the characteristic features of lightning from thunderstorms on Saturn, which last for days to months. Convective storms about 2,000 kilometres in size have been observed in recent years at planetocentric latitude 35° south (corresponding to a planetographic latitude of 41° south). Here we report observations of a giant thunderstorm at planetocentric latitude 35° north that reached a latitudinal extension of 10,000 kilometres-comparable in size to a 'Great White Spot'-about three weeks after it started in early December 2010. The visible plume consists of high-altitude clouds that overshoot the outermost ammonia cloud layer owing to strong vertical convection, as is typical for thunderstorms. The flash rates of this storm are about an order of magnitude higher than previous ones, and peak rates larger than ten per second were recorded. This main storm developed an elongated eastward tail with additional but weaker storm cells that wrapped around the whole planet by February 2011. Unlike storms on Earth, the total power of this storm is comparable to Saturn's total emitted power. The appearance of such storms in the northern hemisphere could be related to the change of seasons, given that Saturn experienced vernal equinox in August 2009. PMID:21734705

  3. Endoscopically removed giant submucosal lipoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Ivan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Although uncommon, giant submucosal colon lipomas merit attention as they are often presented with dramatic clinical features such as bleeding, acute bowel obstruction, perforation and sometimes may be mistaken for malignancy. There is a great debate in the literature as to how to treat them. Case report. A patient, 67-year old, was admitted to the Clinic due to a constipation over the last several months, increasing abdominal pain mainly localized in the left lower quadrant accompanied by nausea, vomiting and abdominal distension. Physical examination was unremarkable and the results of the detailed laboratory tests and carcinoembryonic antigen remained within normal limits. Colonoscopy revealed a large 10 cm long, and 4 to 5 cm in diameter, mobile lesion in his sigmoid colon. Conventional endoscopic ultrasound revealed 5 cm hyperechoic lesion of the colonic wall. Twenty MHz mini-probe examination showed that lesion was limited to the submucosa. Since polyp appeared too large for a single transaction, it was removed piecemeal. Once the largest portion of the polyp has been resected, it was relatively easy to place the opened snare loop around portions of the residual polyp. Endoscopic resection was carried out safely without complications. Histological examination revealed the common typical histological features of lipoma elsewhere. The patient remained stable and eventually discharged home. Four weeks later he suffered no recurrent symptoms. Conclusion. Colonic lipomas can be endoscopically removed safely eliminating unnecessary surgery.

  4. Giant grants a free hand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'I had a relatively free hand from my associates when choosing a partner. When we had compared business structures, considered the mutual chemistry and the attitude of French people concerning management, the decision process was made easier.' That's how Peter Strycek, general director of Hetech Services, describes the preparations for agreements. It worked. The Slovak supplier of heat and services for technical operations of buildings, has belonged to the GDF SUEZ company since Monday. At the beginning, at the conclusion of 2005, there was the idea to consolidate the businesses of three companies beneath one roof. That's how informally the shareholding company Hetech Services was founded. It started to manage the business of the Bratislava heat suppliers, Racianska Teplarenska and Prva Ruzinovska; including supplier of technical services AB Spravcovska. Along with activities of the head company Hetech Services installed low-current equipment in buildings, did construction supervision and for a longer period it did business with technological equipment for buildings. The company's business expanded. At the end of the year before last, Strycek announced an interest from multinational players in joining. It didn't take long and the three interested parties came to an agreement. At the beginning of last summer the owners of Hetech, Bratislava real estate businessmen, came to an agreement with the managers of the multinational energy giant GDF SUEZ, which had been founded shortly beforehand with the merger of two global players in the industry. (authors)

  5. YOUNG SOLAR SYSTEM's FIFTH GIANT PLANET?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Studies of solar system formation suggest that the solar system's giant planets formed and migrated in the protoplanetary disk to reach the resonant orbits with all planets inside ∼15 AU from the Sun. After the gas disk's dispersal, Uranus and Neptune were likely scattered by the gas giants, and approached their current orbits while dispersing the transplanetary disk of planetesimals, whose remains survived to this time in the region known as the Kuiper Belt. Here we performed N-body integrations of the scattering phase between giant planets in an attempt to determine which initial states are plausible. We found that the dynamical simulations starting with a resonant system of four giant planets have a low success rate in matching the present orbits of giant planets and various other constraints (e.g., survival of the terrestrial planets). The dynamical evolution is typically too violent, if Jupiter and Saturn start in the 3:2 resonance, and leads to final systems with fewer than four planets. Several initial states stand out in that they show a relatively large likelihood of success in matching the constraints. Some of the statistically best results were obtained when assuming that the solar system initially had five giant planets and one ice giant, with the mass comparable to that of Uranus and Neptune, and which was ejected to interstellar space by Jupiter. This possibility appears to be conceivable in view of the recent discovery of a large number of free-floating planets in interstellar space, which indicates that planet ejection should be common.

  6. Sunspots and Giant-Cell Convection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Ron L.; Hathaway, David H.; Reichmann, Ed J.

    2000-01-01

    From analysis of Doppler velocity images from SOHO/MDI, Hathaway et al (2000, Solar Phys., in press) have found clear evidence for giant convection cells that fill the solar surface, have diameters 3 - 10 times that typical of supergranules, and have lifetimes approx. greater than 10 days. Analogous to the superposition of the granular convection on the supergranular convection, the approx. 30,000 km diameter supergranules are superposed on these still larger giant cells. Because the giant cells make up the large-scale end of a continuous power spectrum that peaks at the size scale of supergranules, it appears that the giant cells are made by the same mode of convection as the supergranules. This suggests that the giant cells are similar to supergranules, just longer-lived, larger in diameter, and deeper. Here we point out that the range of lengths of large bipolar sunspot groups is similar to the size range of giant cells. This, along with the long lives (weeks) of large sunspots, suggests that large sunspots sit in long-lived, deep downflows at the corners of giant cells, and that the distance from leader to follower sunspots in large bipolar groups is the distance from one giant-cell corner to the next. By this line of reasoning, an unusually large and strong downdraft might pull in both legs of a rising spot-group magnetic flux loop, resulting in the formation of a delta sunspot. This leads us to suggest that a large, strong giant-cell corner downdraft should be present at the birthplaces of large delta sunspots for some time (days to weeks) before the birth. Thus, early detection of such downdrafts by local helioscismology might provide an early warning for the formation of those active regions (large delta sunspot groups) that produce the Sun's most violent flares and coronal mass ejections. This work is supported by NASA's Office of Space Science through the Solar Physics Branch of its Sun-Earth Connection Program.

  7. Lithium-Rich Giants in Globular Clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Kirby, Evan N; Zhang, Andrew J; Hong, Jerry; Guo, Michelle; Guo, Rachel; Cohen, Judith G; Cunha, Katia

    2016-01-01

    Although red giants deplete lithium on their surfaces, some giants are Li-rich. Intermediate-mass asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars can generate Li through the Cameron-Fowler conveyor, but the existence of Li-rich, low-mass red giant branch (RGB) stars is puzzling. Globular clusters are the best sites to examine this phenomenon because it is straightforward to determine membership in the cluster and to identify the evolutionary state of each star. In 72 hours of Keck/DEIMOS exposures in 25 clusters, we found four Li-rich RGB and two Li-rich AGB stars. There were 1696 RGB and 125 AGB stars with measurements or upper limits consistent with normal abundances of Li. Hence, the frequency of Li-richness in globular clusters is (0.2 +/- 0.1)% for the RGB, (1.6 +/- 1.1)% for the AGB, and (0.3 +/- 0.1)% for all giants. Because the Li-rich RGB stars are on the lower RGB, Li self-generation mechanisms proposed to occur at the luminosity function bump or He core flash cannot explain these four lower RGB stars. We propo...

  8. An MHD model for magnetar giant flares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meng, Y.; Lin, J.; Zhang, Q. S. [Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 110, Kunming, Yunnan 650011 (China); Zhang, L. [Department of Physics, Yunnan University, Kunming, Yunnan 650091 (China); Reeves, K. K. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Yuan, F., E-mail: mengy@ynao.ac.cn, E-mail: jlin@ynao.ac.cn [Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030 (China)

    2014-04-10

    Giant flares on soft gamma-ray repeaters that are thought to take place on magnetars release enormous energy in a short time interval. Their power can be explained by catastrophic instabilities occurring in the magnetic field configuration and the subsequent magnetic reconnection. By analogy with the coronal mass ejection events on the Sun, we develop a theoretical model via an analytic approach for magnetar giant flares. In this model, the rotation and/or displacement of the crust causes the field to twist and deform, leading to flux rope formation in the magnetosphere and energy accumulation in the related configuration. When the energy and helicity stored in the configuration reach a threshold, the system loses its equilibrium, the flux rope is ejected outward in a catastrophic way, and magnetic reconnection helps the catastrophe develop to a plausible eruption. By taking SGR 1806–20 as an example, we calculate the free magnetic energy released in such an eruptive process and find that it is more than 10{sup 47} erg, which is enough to power a giant flare. The released free magnetic energy is converted into radiative energy, kinetic energy, and gravitational energy of the flux rope. We calculated the light curves of the eruptive processes for the giant flares of SGR 1806–20, SGR 0526–66, and SGR 1900+14, and compared them with the observational data. The calculated light curves are in good agreement with the observed light curves of giant flares.

  9. Giant components in directed multiplex networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azimi-Tafreshi, N; Dorogovtsev, S N; Mendes, J F F

    2014-11-01

    We describe the complex global structure of giant components in directed multiplex networks that generalizes the well-known bow-tie structure, generic for ordinary directed networks. By definition, a directed multiplex network contains vertices of one type and directed edges of m different types. In directed multiplex networks, we distinguish a set of different giant components based on the existence of directed paths of different types between their vertices such that for each type of edges, the paths run entirely through only edges of that type. If, in particular, m=2, we define a strongly viable component as a set of vertices in which for each type of edges each two vertices are interconnected by at least two directed paths in both directions, running through the edges of only this type. We show that in this case, a directed multiplex network contains in total nine different giant components including the strongly viable component. In general, the total number of giant components is 3^{m}. For uncorrelated directed multiplex networks, we obtain exactly the size and the emergence point of the strongly viable component and estimate the sizes of other giant components. PMID:25493836

  10. Electrodynamics on extrasolar giant planets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koskinen, T. T.; Yelle, R. V. [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1629 East University Boulevard, Tucson, AZ 85721-0092 (United States); Lavvas, P. [Groupe de Spectroscopie Moléculaire et Atmosphérique UMR CNRS 7331, Université Reims Champagne-Ardenne, F-51687 Reims (France); Cho, J. Y-K., E-mail: tommi@lpl.arizona.edu [Astronomy Unit, School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)

    2014-11-20

    Strong ionization on close-in extrasolar giant planets (EGPs) suggests that their atmospheres may be affected by ion drag and resistive heating arising from wind-driven electrodynamics. Recent models of ion drag on these planets, however, are based on thermal ionization only and do not include the upper atmosphere above the 1 mbar level. These models are also based on simplified equations of resistive magnetohydrodynamics that are not always valid in extrasolar planet atmospheres. We show that photoionization dominates over thermal ionization over much of the dayside atmosphere above the 100 mbar level, creating an upper ionosphere dominated by ionization of H and He and a lower ionosphere dominated by ionization of metals such as Na, K, and Mg. The resulting dayside electron densities on close-in exoplanets are higher than those encountered in any planetary ionosphere of the solar system, and the conductivities are comparable to the chromosphere of the Sun. Based on these results and assumed magnetic fields, we constrain the conductivity regimes on close-in EGPs and use a generalized Ohm's law to study the basic effects of electrodynamics in their atmospheres. We find that ion drag is important above the 10 mbar level where it can also significantly alter the energy balance through resistive heating. Due to frequent collisions of the electrons and ions with the neutral atmosphere, however, ion drag is largely negligible in the lower atmosphere below the 10 mbar level for a reasonable range of planetary magnetic moments. We find that the atmospheric conductivity decreases by several orders of magnitude in the night side of tidally locked planets, leading to a potentially interesting large-scale dichotomy in electrodynamics between the day and night sides. A combined approach that relies on UV observations of the upper atmosphere, phase curve and Doppler measurements of global dynamics, and visual transit observations to probe the alkali metals can potentially

  11. [Giant condyloma of the penis with malignant transformation associated with lichen sclerosus et atrophicus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wessendorf, U; Bruch-Gerharz, D; Braunstein, S; Braunstein, R; Schulte, K-W; Reifenberger, J

    2009-10-01

    A 72-year old patient presented with a 6 months history of a rapidly growing tumor of the glans and foreskin. He had a long history of phimosis with lichen sclerosus et atrophicus-like lesions on the foreskin which had not been treated. The rest of the personal, family and sexual history was unremarkable. Treatment consists of circumcision and tumor excision. Histopathology confirmed a squamous cell carcinoma within a giant condyloma with a concomitant lichen sclerosus et atrophicus. CT- and ultrasound scans showed no metastases. Giant condylomas are a rare sexually transmitted disease usually caused by human papilloma virus subtypes 6, 11, but also by 16 and 18 among others. They are expansive, cauliflower-like destructive lesions that most frequently affect the anogenital region. In about 30 percent a giant condyloma progresses into a squamous cell carcinoma. Therapy of choice is the histopathologically controlled excision. Recurrences are often seen, so the patients should be monitored frequently after therapy. PMID:19756435

  12. Geology of giant gas fields in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dai, Jinxing [PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Earth Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Faculty of Natural Resources and Information Technology, University of Petroleum, Beijing 102200 (China); Zou, Caineng; Qin, Shengfei; Tao, Shizhen; Liu, Quanyou [PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development, Beijing 100083 (China); Ding, Weiwei [Key Laboratory of Submarine Geoscience of the State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012 (China); Hu, Anping [Department of Earth Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

    2008-04-15

    Twenty-five gas fields with recognized ultimate recoveries larger than 25 billion cubic meters have been found in six basins in China. The earliest was found in 1959 and the latest in 2005. Recognition of more recent discoveries as giants will probably further increase the population. Examination of reservoir age, lithology, trap and depositional environment leads to the conclusion that there are no diagnostic characteristics common to all of the giants. However, coaly source rocks, traps in close proximity to major gas kitchens, reservoirs and caprocks with reasonable quality, late gas accumulation and continuous gas supply are the preferred parameters. Uncommonly thick reservoir rocks or unusual development of porosity and permeability are not required. The fact that giant gas fields exist in reasonable numbers and have been discovered steadily through the years suggests that more efforts are needed to find the remaining gas resources in China. (author)

  13. Case report of solitary giant hepatic lymphangioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hwan Hyo

    2016-01-01

    A hepatic lymphangioma is a rare benign neoplasm that is usually associated with systemic lymphangiomatosis. A solitary hepatic lymphangioma is extremely rare. Therefore, we present a rare case of a female patient who underwent right hepatectomy for solitary giant hepatic lymphangioma. A 42-year-old female presented to the emergency department with complaint of severe abdominal pain of the right upper quadrant. Abdominal computed tomography showed an approximately 23×30-cm sized, giant, relatively well-defined, homogenous cystic mass with few septa in the right liver (segments VII and VIII). The preoperative diagnosis was a giant hepatic cystadenoma or cystadenocarcinoma. We performed right hepatectomy. The permanent histopathological report revealed cystic lymphangioma of the liver. Although the prognosis of solitary hepatic lymphangioma after surgical resection is favorable, recurrence has been reported in literature.

  14. Red-giant stars in eccentric binaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beck P. G.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The unparalleled photometric data obtained by NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope has led to improved understanding of red-giant stars and binary stars. We discuss the characterization of known eccentric system, containing a solar-like oscillating red-giant primary component. We also report several new binary systems that are candidates for hosting an oscillating companion. A powerful approach to study binary stars is to combine asteroseimic techniques with light curve fitting. Seismology allows us to deduce the properties of red giants. In addition, by modeling the ellipsoidal modulations we can constrain the parameters of the binary system. An valuable independent source are ground-bases, high-resolution spectrographs.

  15. Microsurgical resection of giant intraventricular meningioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, James K

    2013-01-01

    Intraventricular meningiomas are rare tumors, accounting for approximately 0.5 to 3% of all intracranial meningiomas. The majority arise in the atrium of the lateral ventricle. The surgical management of these tumors remains a considerable challenge because of their deep location and proximity to critical structures. Complete resection, if safely possible, should be the goal of surgery since this results in the best rates of local control. Although various approaches exist to access the lateral ventricular system, selection of the optimal approach should be individualized to the patient based upon the location of the tumor within the ventricle, the tumor size, the origin of the vascular supply to the tumor, and the relationship to neighboring neurovascular structures at risk. In this operative video manuscript, the author demonstrates an illustrative step-by-step technique for microsurgical resection of a giant intraventricular meningioma of the left atrium via a transcortical parieto-occipital approach. The patient illustrated in this video presented with a large recurrent meningioma (> 5 cm) approximately 10 years after the initial resection. The tumor had grown around a pre-existing shunt catheter and resulted in loculated hydrocephalus. A complete resection and shunt revision were both performed at the same sitting. The operative technique and surgical nuances, including the surgical approach, intradural tumor removal, closure, and management of hydrocephalus are illustrated in this video atlas. The video can be found here: http://youtu.be/vpdmZ1ccWSM. (http://thejns.org/doi/abs/10.3171/2013.V1.FOCUS12352) PMID:23282155

  16. Lithium-rich Giants in Globular Clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirby, Evan N.; Guhathakurta, Puragra; Zhang, Andrew J.; Hong, Jerry; Guo, Michelle; Guo, Rachel; Cohen, Judith G.; Cunha, Katia

    2016-03-01

    Although red giants deplete lithium on their surfaces, some giants are Li-rich. Intermediate-mass asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars can generate Li through the Cameron-Fowler conveyor, but the existence of Li-rich, low-mass red giant branch (RGB) stars is puzzling. Globular clusters are the best sites to examine this phenomenon because it is straightforward to determine membership in the cluster and to identify the evolutionary state of each star. In 72 hours of Keck/DEIMOS exposures in 25 clusters, we found four Li-rich RGB and two Li-rich AGB stars. There were 1696 RGB and 125 AGB stars with measurements or upper limits consistent with normal abundances of Li. Hence, the frequency of Li-richness in globular clusters is (0.2 ± 0.1)% for the RGB, (1.6 ± 1.1)% for the AGB, and (0.3 ± 0.1)% for all giants. Because the Li-rich RGB stars are on the lower RGB, Li self-generation mechanisms proposed to occur at the luminosity function bump or He core flash cannot explain these four lower RGB stars. We propose the following origin for Li enrichment: (1) All luminous giants experience a brief phase of Li enrichment at the He core flash. (2) All post-RGB stars with binary companions on the lower RGB will engage in mass transfer. This scenario predicts that 0.1% of lower RGB stars will appear Li-rich due to mass transfer from a recently Li-enhanced companion. This frequency is at the lower end of our confidence interval. The data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation.

  17. Peripheral giant cell granuloma: This enormity is a rarity

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Silvia Victor; Mitra, Dipika Kalyan; Pawar, Sudarshana Devendrasing; Vijayakar, Harshad Narayan

    2015-01-01

    Peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is an infrequent exophytic lesion of the oral cavity, also known as giant cell epulis, osteoclastoma, giant cell reparative granuloma, or giant cell hyperplasia. Lesions vary in appearance from smooth, regularly outlined masses to irregularly shaped, multilobulated protuberances with surface indentations. Ulcerations of the margin are occasionally seen. The lesions are painless, vary in size, and may cover several teeth. It normally presents as a purplis...

  18. Graphene growth with giant domains using chemical vapor deposition

    OpenAIRE

    Yong, Virginia; Hahn, H. Thomas

    2011-01-01

    We report the first demonstration of the growth of giant graphene domains on platinum (Pt), which results in a uniform bilayer graphene film with domain sizes of millimetre scale. These giant graphene domains are attributed to the giant Pt grains attained in post-deposition annealed Pt thin films that exhibit a strong dependency on the Pt film thickness. Giant grains have been claimed to occur in other metallic materials under appropriate film thicknesses and processing conditions. Our findin...

  19. Theoretical Models of Extrasolar Giant Planets

    CERN Document Server

    Burrows, A; Lunine, J I; Guillot, T; Saumon, D S; Marley, M S; Freedman, R S

    1996-01-01

    The recent discoveries of giant planets around nearby stars have galvanized the planetary science community, astronomers, and the public at large. Since acquisition of Gl229 B, it is crucial for the future of extrasolar planet searches that the fluxes, evolution and physical structure of objects from Saturn's mass to 15 Juipter masses be theoretically investigated. We discuss our first attempts to explore the characteristics of extrasolar giant planets (EGPs), in aid of both NASA's and ESA's recent plans to search for such planets around nearby stars.

  20. Kepler Asteroseismology of Red-giant Stars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen-Dalsgaard, J.

    2012-01-01

    The Kepler mission, launched in March 2009, has revolutionized asteroseismology, providing detailed observations of thousands of stars. This has allowed in-depth analyses of stars ranging from compact hot subdwarfs to red giants, and including the detection of solar-like oscillations in hundreds of...... stars on or near the main sequence. Here I mainly consider solar-like oscillations in red giants, where Kepler observations are yielding results of a perhaps unexpected richness. In addition to giving a brief overview of the observational and numerical results for these stars, I present a simple...

  1. BPS Electromagnetic Waves on Giant Gravitons

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, S; Kim, Seok; Lee, Kimyeong

    2005-01-01

    We find new 1/8-BPS giant graviton solutions in $AdS_5 \\times S^5$, carrying three angular momenta along $S^5$, and investigate their properties. Especially, we show that nonzero worldvolume gauge fields are admitted preserving supersymmetry. These gauge field modes can be viewed as electromagnetic waves along the compact D3 brane, whose Poynting vector contributes to the BPS angular momenta. We also analyze the (nearly-)spherical giant gravitons with worldvolume gauge fields in detail. Expressing the $S^3$ in Hopf fibration ($S^1$ fibred over $S^2$), the wave propagates along the $S^1$ fiber.

  2. Probing giant magnetoresistance with THz spectroscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jin, Zuanming; Tkach, Alexander; Casper, Frederick;

    2014-01-01

    We observe a giant magnetoresistance effect in CoFe/Cu-based multistack using THz time-domain spectroscopy. The magnetic field-dependent dc conductivity, electron scattering time, as well as spin-asymmetry parameter of the structure are successfully determined. © 2014 OSA.......We observe a giant magnetoresistance effect in CoFe/Cu-based multistack using THz time-domain spectroscopy. The magnetic field-dependent dc conductivity, electron scattering time, as well as spin-asymmetry parameter of the structure are successfully determined. © 2014 OSA....

  3. Giant Panda habitat selection in the Foping Nature Reserve, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, X.; Toxopeus, A.G.; Skidmore, A.K.; Shao, X.; Dang, D.; Wang, T.; Prins, H.H.T.

    2005-01-01

    Little is known about habitat selection of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), especially about the relationship between giant panda presence and bamboo and tree structures. We presented data on giant panda habitat use and selection in Foping Nature Reserve (NR), China. We used 1,066 radiotrac

  4. The Mass-Metallicity Relation for Giant Planets

    CERN Document Server

    Thorngren, Daniel P; Lopez, Eric D

    2015-01-01

    Exoplanet discoveries of recent years have provided a great deal of new data for studying the bulk compositions of giant planets. Here we identify 38 transiting giant planets ($20 M_\\oplus 50 M_\\oplus$) suggest significant amounts of heavy elements in H/He envelopes, rather than cores, such that metal-enriched giant planet atmospheres should be the rule.

  5. Giant pandas failed to show mirror self-recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Xiaozan; Jin, Yuan; Luo, Bo; Zhang, Guiquan; Wei, Rongping; Liu, Dingzhen

    2015-05-01

    Mirror self-recognition (MSR), i.e., the ability to recognize oneself in a mirror, is considered a potential index of self-recognition and the foundation of individual development. A wealth of literature on MSR is available for social animals, such as chimpanzees, Asian elephants and dolphins, yet little is known about MSR in solitary mammalian species. We aimed to evaluate whether the giant panda can recognize itself in the mirror, and whether this capacity varies with age. Thirty-four captive giant pandas (F:M = 18:16; juveniles, sub-adults and adults) were subjected to four mirror tests: covered mirror tests, open mirror tests, water mark control tests, and mark tests. The results showed that, though adult, sub-adult and juvenile pandas exposed to mirrors spent similar amounts of time in social mirror-directed behaviors (χ(2) = 0.719, P = 0.698), none of them used the mirror to touch the mark on their head, a self-directed behavior suggesting MSR. Individuals of all age groups initially displayed attacking, threatening, foot scraping and backwards walking behaviors when exposed to their self-images in the mirror. Our data indicate that, regardless of age, the giant pandas did not recognize their self-image in the mirror, but instead considered the image to be a conspecific. Our results add to the available information on mirror self-recognition in large mammals, provide new information on a solitary species, and will be useful for enclosure design and captive animal management. PMID:25609263

  6. THE REDSHIFT DISTRIBUTION OF GIANT ARCS IN THE SLOAN GIANT ARCS SURVEY

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We measure the redshift distribution of a sample of 28 giant arcs discovered as a part of the Sloan Giant Arcs Survey. Gemini/GMOS-North spectroscopy provides precise redshifts for 24 arcs, and 'redshift desert' constrains for the remaining 4 arcs. This is a direct measurement of the redshift distribution of a uniformly selected sample of bright giant arcs, which is an observable that can be used to inform efforts to predict giant arc statistics. Our primary giant arc sample has a median redshift z = 1.821 and nearly two-thirds of the arcs, 64%, are sources at z ∼> 1.4, indicating that the population of background sources that are strongly lensed into bright giant arcs resides primarily at high redshift. We also analyze the distribution of redshifts for 19 secondary strongly lensed background sources that are not visually apparent in Sloan Digital Sky Survey imaging, but were identified in deeper follow-up imaging of the lensing cluster fields. Our redshift sample for the secondary sources is not spectroscopically complete, but combining it with our primary giant arc sample suggests that a large fraction of all background galaxies that are strongly lensed by foreground clusters reside at z ∼> 1.4. Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests indicate that our well-selected, spectroscopically complete primary giant arc redshift sample can be reproduced with a model distribution that is constructed from a combination of results from studies of strong-lensing clusters in numerical simulations and observational constraints on the galaxy luminosity function.

  7. Insights on a Giant Aneurysm Treated Endovascularly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graziano, Francesca; Iacopino, Domenico Gerardo; Ulm, Arthur John

    2016-07-01

    Background Endovascular treatment with stent-assisted Guglielmi detachable coils is an accepted method for treating intracranial giant aneurysms that otherwise would require more invasive or destructive treatment or could not be treated at all. Nevertheless, there is a paucity of information concerning inner postcoiling aneurysmal changes in human subjects over the long term. We report a postmortem analysis of a patient with a giant aneurysm at the vertebrobasilar junction (VBJ) who was treated endovascularly and studied pathologically 24 months after treatment. Materials and Method The head was removed at autopsy and prefixed in a 10% neutral buffered formalin solution. The brain was gently removed from the skull base after cutting the intracranial nerves and vascular structures. The giant VBJ aneurysm and its relationship with the brainstem, cranial nerves, and vessels were captured photographically and analyzed. Afterward, under operating microscope guidance, the vertebrobasilar system with the aneurysm was gently and carefully detached from the brainstem and carefully analyzed. Results No complete fibrous obliteration of the aneurysm lumen could be detected in our case, and no endothelialization had taken place 24 months after treatment. Conclusions Our findings agree with those of previous similar reports. Coiling, in particular in large or giant aneurysms, may be burdened by the risk of coil compaction and recanalization, but it has the advantage of not affecting the flow in the perforating arteries. PMID:26296255

  8. Giant dipole resonance by many levels theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The many levels theory is applied to photonuclear effect, in particular, in giant dipole resonance. A review about photonuclear dipole absorption, comparing with atomic case is done. The derivation of sum rules; their modifications by introduction of the concepts of effective charges and mass and the Siegert theorem. The experimental distributions are compared with results obtained by curve adjustment. (M.C.K.)

  9. Probing cosmic plasma with giant radio pulses

    CERN Document Server

    Kondratiev, V I; Soglasnov, V A; Kovalev, Y Y; Bartel, N; Cannon, W; Novikov, A Y

    2007-01-01

    VLBI observations of the Crab pulsar with the 64-m radio telescope at Kalyazin (Russia) and the 46-m radio telescope of the Algonquin Radio Observatory (Canada) at 2.2 GHz and single-dish observations of the millisecond pulsar B1937+21 with the GBT (USA) at 2.1 GHz were conducted to probe the interstellar medium and study the properties of giant pulses. The VLBI data were processed with a dedicated software correlator, which allowed us to obtain the visibility of single giant pulses. Two frequency scales of 50 and 450 kHz were found in the diffraction spectra of giant pulses from the Crab pulsar. The location of the scattering region was estimated to be close to the outer edge of the nebula. No correlation was found between the power spectra of giant pulses at left- and right-hand circular polarization. We explain this lack of correlation through the influence of the strong magnetic field on circularly polarized emission in the region close to the Crab pulsar. Combining the measurement of the decorrelation ba...

  10. Giant Viruses of Amoebas: An Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aherfi, Sarah; Colson, Philippe; La Scola, Bernard; Raoult, Didier

    2016-01-01

    During the 12 past years, five new or putative virus families encompassing several members, namely Mimiviridae, Marseilleviridae, pandoraviruses, faustoviruses, and virophages were described. In addition, Pithovirus sibericum and Mollivirus sibericum represent type strains of putative new giant virus families. All these viruses were isolated using amoebal coculture methods. These giant viruses were linked by phylogenomic analyses to other large DNA viruses. They were then proposed to be classified in a new viral order, the Megavirales, on the basis of their common origin, as shown by a set of ancestral genes encoding key viral functions, a common virion architecture, and shared major biological features including replication inside cytoplasmic factories. Megavirales is increasingly demonstrated to stand in the tree of life aside Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya, and the megavirus ancestor is suspected to be as ancient as cellular ancestors. In addition, giant amoebal viruses are visible under a light microscope and display many phenotypic and genomic features not found in other viruses, while they share other characteristics with parasitic microbes. Moreover, these organisms appear to be common inhabitants of our biosphere, and mimiviruses and marseilleviruses were isolated from human samples and associated to diseases. In the present review, we describe the main features and recent findings on these giant amoebal viruses and virophages. PMID:27047465

  11. Polarization Spectra of Extrasolar Giant Planets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.M. Stam

    2004-01-01

    We present simulated spectra of the flux and degree of polarization of starlight that is reflected by extrasolar giant planets (EGPs). In particular the polarization depends strongly on the structure of the planetary atmosphere, and appears to be a valuable tool for the characterization of EGPs.

  12. Caring for the Giant Pandas' Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG YUANKAI

    2010-01-01

    @@ A long-term partnership was formed in October by American corporation Broadcom, Broadcom Foundation,and the San Diego Zoo, together with China Wolong National Natural Reserve and the Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) to study giant panda protection and breeding.

  13. Giant oxygen isotope effect in manganese perovskites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The giant oxygen isotope shift of the temperature of the ferromagnetic phase transition is calculated in La0.8Ca0.2MnO3 taking into account the values of the bandwidth, the Jahn-Teller polaron energy and the value of the stretching Mn-O optical phonon frequency. The obtained result is close to the experimental one

  14. Giant Molluscum Contagiosum In Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkatesan Sivaraman

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A 14 year old female with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia had a tumoral lesion over the face of 3 months duration. Excision biopsy of the lesion confirmed it to be molluscum contagiosum. Giant molluscum contagiosum attaining polypoidal character as seen in our patient is an uncommon presentation and hence being reported for its rarity.

  15. Laser treatment of giant xanthelasma palpebrarum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corradino, Bartolo; Di Lorenzo, Sara; Triolo, Antonio; Moschella, Francesco

    2015-11-01

    Xanthelasma palpebrarum is the most common cutaneous xanthoma. It typically presents in middle-aged and older adults, most often around the eyelids. The diagnosis is made clinically. Giant xanthelasmas palpebrarum are xanthelasmas that extensively affect the superior and inferior bilateral eyelids. Many techniques have been put forward for treating these lesions (surgical, laser, and chemical techniques), but we describe our experience in the treatment of giant xanthelasmas by ultrapulsed CO2 laser. Between 2009 and 2012, in the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the University of Palermo, 12 patients with giant xanthelasmas were treated using a CO2 laser. The laser parameters are as follows: frequency 20 Hz, energy 75 mJ, and power 1.5 W. Each laser session lasts 15 min; the treatment consists of three or four sessions that are carried out at intervals of 15 days. Patients were followed up after 2, 6, and 12 months. This technique is rapid and it is accepted very well by patients. The only disadvantage is a long healing time (10-15 days). The ultrapulsed CO2 laser, in experienced hands, is an excellent device that enables the complete removal of giant xanthelasmas with a minimally invasive but very effective technique. PMID:25252796

  16. Giant rhabdomyoma of the right ventricle

    OpenAIRE

    De Kezel, C.C.A.; Nijveld, A.; Mooyaart, E.L.

    2004-01-01

    A giant intrathoracic mass causing foetal dysrhythmias, polyhydramnios and foetal hydrops necessitated a caesarean section in a male infant of 35 weeks gestation. Despite the benign histology of cardiac rhabdomyomas and the observation of spontaneous regression, there may be significant associated morbidity and mortality, especially in neonates. There is a high incidence of associated tuberous sclerosis.

  17. Infrared studies of asymptotic giant branch stars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this thesis studies are presented of asymptotic giant branch stars, which are thought to be an important link in the evolution of the galaxy. The studies were performed on the basis of data collected by the IRAS, the infrared astronomical satelite. 233 refs.; 33 figs.; 16 tabs

  18. Let the giants sleep. Platform technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamlen, Steven

    1997-12-31

    The article relates to offshore platform technology. As the industry generally moves away from creating the lumbering giants that were the original breed of production platforms, operators are seeking more decommissioning-friendly and simple solutions which offer the economic and environmental advantages of being lighter, liftable and reusable on future development projects. 3 figs.

  19. Giant viruses of amoebas: an update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah eAherfi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available During the 12 past years, five new or putative virus families encompassing several members, namely Mimiviridae, Marseilleviridae, pandoraviruses, faustoviruses, and virophages were described. In addition, Pithovirus sibericum and Mollivirus sibericum represent type strains of putative new giant virus families. All these viruses were isolated using amoebal coculture methods. These giant viruses were linked by phylogenomic analyses to other large DNA viruses. They were then proposed to be classified in a new viral order, the Megavirales, on the basis of their common origin, as shown by a set of ancestral genes encoding key viral functions, a common virion architecture, and shared major biological features including replication inside cytoplasmic factories. Megavirales is increasingly demonstrated to stand in the tree of life aside Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya, and the megavirus ancestor is suspected to be as ancient as cellular ancestors. In addition, giant amoebal viruses are visible under a light microscope and display many phenotypic and genomic features not found in other viruses, while they share other characteristics with parasitic microbes. Moreoever, these organisms appear to be common inhabitants of our biosphere, and mimiviruses and marseilleviruses were isolated from human samples and associated to diseases. In the present review, we describe the main features and recent findings on these giant amoebal viruses and virophages.

  20. RARE CASE OF GIANT VESICAL CALCULUS

    OpenAIRE

    Deepak Ramraj; MR Swaroop; Jagadeesha; Mahesh

    2015-01-01

    Giant vesical calculus is a rare entity. Vesical calculi can be primary (stones form de novo in bladder) or secondary to the migrated renal calculi, chronic UTI, bladder outlet obstruction, bladder diverticulum or carcinoma, foreign body and neurogenic bladder. We report a case of an 85year old male patient who presented with history of...

  1. Giant omental lipoblastoma and CD56 expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Go Miyano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of giant omental lipoblastoma in a 13-month-old boy, which was treated successfully by total excision. Tumor cells were positive for S100, CD34 and CD56. This is the first report of lipoblastoma expressing CD56, a fact that could be used to differentiate lipoblastoma from liposarcoma.

  2. Surgical treatment for giant incisional hernia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, A; Rosenberg, J; Bisgaard, T

    2014-01-01

    , and the sublay position may have advantages over onlay positioning. To avoid tension, it may be advisable to use a mesh in combination with a component separation technique. Inlay positioning of the mesh and repair without a mesh should be avoided. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence to optimise repair for giant hernias...

  3. Vocal repertoire of the social giant otter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leuchtenberger, Caroline; Sousa-Lima, Renata; Duplaix, Nicole; Magnusson, William E; Mourão, Guilherme

    2014-11-01

    According to the "social intelligence hypothesis," species with complex social interactions have more sophisticated communication systems. Giant otters (Pteronura brasiliensis) live in groups with complex social interactions. It is likely that the vocal communication of giant otters is more sophisticated than previous studies suggest. The objectives of the current study were to describe the airborne vocal repertoire of giant otters in the Pantanal area of Brazil, to analyze call types within different behavioral contexts, and to correlate vocal complexity with level of sociability of mustelids to verify whether or not the result supports the social intelligence hypothesis. The behavior of nine giant otters groups was observed. Vocalizations recorded were acoustically and statistically analyzed to describe the species' repertoire. The repertoire was comprised by 15 sound types emitted in different behavioral contexts. The main behavioral contexts of each sound type were significantly associated with the acoustic variable ordination of different sound types. A strong correlation between vocal complexity and sociability was found for different species, suggesting that the communication systems observed in the family mustelidae support the social intelligence hypothesis. PMID:25373985

  4. Tuberculosis Detection by Giant African Pouched Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poling, Alan; Weetjens, Bart; Cox, Christophe; Beyene, Negussie; Durgin, Amy; Mahoney, Amanda

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, operant discrimination training procedures have been used to teach giant African pouched rats to detect tuberculosis (TB) in human sputum samples. This article summarizes how the rats are trained and used operationally, as well as their performance in studies published to date. Available data suggest that pouched rats, which can…

  5. Excess mortality in giant cell arteritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgård, C; Sloth, H; Keiding, Niels;

    1991-01-01

    A 13-year departmental sample of 34 patients with definite (biopsy-verified) giant cell arteritis (GCA) was reviewed. The mortality of this material was compared to sex-, age- and time-specific death rates in the Danish population. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was 1.8 (95% confidence...

  6. Dynamo-generated magnetic fields in fast rotating single giants

    CERN Document Server

    Konstantinova-Antova, Renada; Schröder, Klaus-Peter; Petit, Pascal

    2009-01-01

    Red giants offer a good opportunity to study the interplay of magnetic fields and stellar evolution. Using the spectro-polarimeter NARVAL of the Telescope Bernard Lyot (TBL), Pic du Midi, France and the LSD technique, we began a survey of magnetic fields in single G-K-M giants. Early results include 6 MF-detections with fast rotating giants, and for the first time a magnetic field was detected directly in an evolved M-giant: EK Boo. Our results could be explained in the terms of $\\alpha$--$\\omega$ dynamo operating in these giants.

  7. Floret-like multinucleated giant cells in neurofibroma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golka Dariusz

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This short report discusses a case of neurofibroma containing floret-like multinucleated giant cells. This being the second such case in the literature. Floret-like multinucleated giant cells have been reported in gynaecomastia and neurofibroma in neurofibromatosis type 1. These cells have been reported in uncommon soft tissue tumours including pleomorphic lipoma, giant cell collagenoma, giant cell fibroblastoma and giant cell angiofibroma. We recommend these cells to be interpreted carefully keeping in mind the rare malignant change in neurofibromas. Immunohistochemistry would help in defining the nature of such cells.

  8. Modeling Impacts of Climate Change on Giant Panda Habitat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melissa Songer

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca are one of the most widely recognized endangered species globally. Habitat loss and fragmentation are the main threats, and climate change could significantly impact giant panda survival. We integrated giant panda habitat information with general climate models (GCMs to predict future geographic distribution and fragmentation of giant panda habitat. Results support a major general prediction of climate change—a shift of habitats towards higher elevation and higher latitudes. Our models predict climate change could reduce giant panda habitat by nearly 60% over 70 years. New areas may become suitable outside the current geographic range but much of these areas is far from the current giant panda range and only 15% fall within the current protected area system. Long-term survival of giant pandas will require the creation of new protected areas that are likely to support suitable habitat even if the climate changes.

  9. Production of Generation-2 Mekong giant catfish (Pangasinodon gigas cultured with Spirulina sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kriangsak Meng-umphan

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to evaluate the treatment of Spirulina-supplemented pellet feed to 5-year-old F1 groups of Mekong giant catfish (Pangasinodon gigas from the brood stock and intended for use as breeders. The effects on their growth and maturation when cultured in an earthen pond were observed. Results revealed that, compared to control, there was more gain in weight while the feed conversion ratio was lower. The number of red blood cells was also higher while that of white blood cells was lower, compared to control. Out of 18 treated fish (9 males and 9 females, 6 males and 2 females gave sperms and eggs while none from control group did. It was concluded that Spirulina supplemented in pellet feed can improve growth and maturation performance to the brood stock of Mekong giant catfish.

  10. Effect of Instant Cooked Giant Embryonic Rice on Body Fat Weight and Plasma Lipid Profile in High Fat-Fed Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Soo Im Chung; Tae Hyeong Kim; Rico, Catherine W.; Mi Young Kang

    2014-01-01

    The comparative effects of instant cooked rice made from giant embryo mutant or ordinary normal rice on body weight and lipid profile in high fat-fed mice were investigated. The animals were given experimental diets for seven weeks: normal control (NC), high fat (HF), and HF supplemented with instant normal white (HF-NW), normal brown (HF-NB), giant embryonic white (HF-GW), or giant embryonic brown (HF-GB) rice. The HF group showed markedly higher body weight, body fat, plasma and hepatic tri...

  11. The giant calculus within the prostatic urethra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Omer; Kefi, Aykut; Cahangirov, Asif; Cihan, Ahmet; Obuz, Funda; Esen, Adil Ahmet; Celebi, Ilhan

    2011-08-01

    The giant calculus within the prostatic urethra is a rare clinical entity in the young population. Most of the calculi within the urethra migrate from the urinary bladder and obliterate the urethra. These stones are often composed of calcium phosphate or calcium oxalate. The decision of treatment strategy is affected by the size, shape and position of the calculus and by the status of the urethra. If the stone is large and immovable, it may be extracted via the perineal or the suprapubic approach. In most cases, the giant calculi were extracted via the transvesical approach and external urethrotomy. Our case is the biggest prostatic calculus, known in the literature so far, which was treated endoscopically by the combination of laser and the pneumatic lithotriptor. PMID:21188583

  12. Giant dumbbell tumor of the posterior mediastinum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milosavljević Miloš Z.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Giant dumbbell-shaped tumors are very rare and characterized by intra- and extraspinal propagation of different dimensions. In thoracal localization, invasive growth can lead up to rib and vertebra erosion. Case report. We presented a 54-year-old woman with a giant dumbbell schwannoma in the posterior mediastinum. The tumor was removed by the posterior approach with hemilaminectomy and costotransversectomy. By microscopic examination the diagnosis of benign schwannoma was made. A year after the surgery, the patient was without neurological deficiency and without radiological signs of illness relapse. Conclusion. Treatment of dumbbell schwannoma is surgical, dilemmas of the optimal surgical approach. When it is thoracally located the posterior approach with hemilaminectomy and costotransversectomy is safe and effective for its removal.

  13. Interacting Giant Gravitons from Spin Matrix Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Harmark, Troels

    2016-01-01

    Using the non-abelian DBI action we find an effective matrix model that describes the dynamics of weakly interacting giant gravitons wrapped on three-spheres in the AdS part of AdS_5 x S^5 at high energies with two angular momenta on the S^5. In parallel we consider the limit of \\CN=4 super Yang-Mills theory near a certain unitarity bound where it reduces to the quantum mechanical theory called SU(2) Spin Matrix Theory. We show that the exact same matrix model that describes the giant gravitons on the string theory side also provides the effective description in the strong coupling and large energy limit of the Spin Matrix Theory. Thus, we are able to match non-supersymmetric dynamics of D-branes on AdS_5 x S^5 to a finite-N regime in \\CN=4 super Yang-Mills theory near a unitarity bound.

  14. Giant peripheral osteoma of the mandible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushil Kachewar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Osseous expansion of any body part is an unwelcome guest and deep are its impacts when it is located on the face. The bigger the lesion, the more bitter is the psycho-social trauma to the affected individual. This article describes the case of a 50 year old female who presented with painless swelling of the right submandibular region manifesting as a dreadful cosmetic disfigurement. The mass had been progressing slowly for the last 15 years. Imaging showed a giant peripheral osteoma of 10.8 cm involving buccal and lingual surface of the body, ramus, angle and inferior border of the right side of mandible. To the best of our knowledge, a giant peripheral osteoma of mandible having size more than 10 cm has never been reported earlier.

  15. Organ Sparing Surgery for a Giant Liposarcoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huseyin Ozgur Aytac

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Liposarcomas those are malignant soft tissue tumors often occur in large sizes in the retroperitoneum and abdomen due to their silent clinic. Excision with negative margins is the gold standard of treatment. A case operated on for a giant intraabdominal liposarcoma is being reported. A giant soft tissue tumor filling the whole abdomen was determined in the computed tomography scan. Core biopsy was obtained and demonstrated a well-differentiated liposarcoma. A 15 kg of mass 44x30x14 cm in size was excised en-bloc. Pathological examination of this tumor showed a well-differentiated liposarcoma with mixoid parts. No recurrence was observed in two years of follow-up despite any adjuvant therapy. This is to be one of the largest retroperitoneal sarcomas in the literature. [Cukurova Med J 2015; 40(Suppl 1: 136-141

  16. Viral metagenomics: are we missing the giants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halary, S; Temmam, S; Raoult, D; Desnues, C

    2016-06-01

    Amoeba-infecting giant viruses are recently discovered viruses that have been isolated from diverse environments all around the world. In parallel to isolation efforts, metagenomics confirmed their worldwide distribution from a broad range of environmental and host-associated samples, including humans, depicting them as a major component of eukaryotic viruses in nature and a possible resident of the human/animal virome whose role is still unclear. Nevertheless, metagenomics data about amoeba-infecting giant viruses still remain scarce, mainly because of methodological limitations. Efforts should be pursued both at the metagenomic sample preparation level and on in silico analyses to better understand their roles in the environment and in human/animal health and disease. PMID:26851442

  17. Study of giant resonances in heavy nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electrodisintegration cross section for181Ta,208Pb and 209Bi was measured by counting the emitted neutrons, with incident electrons in the energy range 8-22 MeV. The data was analysed using the virtual photon method, in order to obtain a multipole decomposition and the intensities of Magnetic Dipole and Electric Quadrupole, isoscalar and isovector, in the Giant Resonance. The results obtained for the isovector Giant Quadrupole Resonance are compared with the measured photodisintegration cross section, using data from Saclay and Livermore. This comparision indicates that the photodisintegration data can be well explained assuming an isovector E2 Resonance located between 120 and 130 A-1/3 MeV, with an intensity of one isovector E2 sum. (author)

  18. Electroexcitation of giant resonances in 181Ta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The giant resonance region of 181Ta has been investigated by means of inelastic electron scattering with primary electron energies of 79.1 to 118.3 MeV. A peak-fitting procedure was employed to separate the measured spectrum into nine different resonance components. Multipolarity and strength assignments were deduced using DWBA analysis with the Goldhaber-Teller and Steinwedel-Jensen models. In addition to the well-known giant dipole structure, other resonances were identified at 23.2+-0.3 MeV (E2), 9.5+-0.2 and 11.5+-0.2 MeV (E2 or E0), 19.5+-0.8 MeV (E3), 3.70+-0.14 MeV (E3 or E4), and 5.40+-0.15 MeV (E4 or E5). The model dependence of the analysis is discussed. (Auth.)

  19. PERIPHERAL GIANT CELL GRANULOMA- A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashutosh Agrawal

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG is a benign inflammatory hyperplastictype of lesion of unknown etiology occurring in gingiva or alveolar ridge. It normally presentsas a soft tissue purplish-red nodule consisting of multinucleated giant cells in a background ofmononuclear stromal cells and extravasated red blood cells. A 75 years old male patientreported with a chief complaint of pain and swelling in lower right back region of mouth. Onintra-oral examination the swelling was red, firm and sessile with smooth surface texture. Theorthopantomogram (OPG revealed a well-demarcated radiolucency extending from distalaspect of mandibular canine to mesial aspect of mandibular first molar. The cone beamcomputed tomography also showed the features suggestive of soft tissue lesion causingcupping resorption of mandible. Excisional biopsy was performed under local anaesthesiaand tissue was examined histopathologically. The lesion was diagnosed as PGCG afterthorough clinical, radiologic and histopathologic examination.

  20. Giant gravitons in non-supersymmetric backgrounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We consider giant gravitons as probes of a class of ten-dimensional solutions of type-IIB supergravity which arise as lifts of solutions of U(1)3 gauged N=2 supergravity in five-dimensions. Surprisingly it is possible to solve exactly for minimum energy configurations of these spherical D3-brane probes in the compact directions, even in backgrounds which preserve no supersymmetry. The branes behave as massive charged particles in the five non-compact dimensions. As an example we probe geometries which are believed to represent the supergravity background of coherent states of giant gravitons. We comment on the apparently repulsive nature of the naked singularities in these geometries. (author)

  1. Asteroseismic age determination for dwarfs and giants

    CERN Document Server

    Aguirre, V Silva

    2015-01-01

    Asteroseismology can make a substantial contribution to our understanding of the formation history and evolution of our Galaxy by providing precisely determined stellar properties for thousands of stars in different regions of the Milky Way. We present here the different sets of observables used in determining asteroseismic stellar properties, the typical level of precision obtained, the current status of results for ages of dwarfs and giants and the improvements than can be expected in the near future in the context of Galactic archaeology.

  2. Giant Otters and Ecotourism in Peru

    OpenAIRE

    Staib E.; Schenck, C

    1994-01-01

    Giant otters are the most endangered otters in the world, threatened by rainforest destruction, over fishing, the contamination of the water systems with mercury in areas of gold miners, illegal hunting and, possible infections with diseases of domestic animals. Numbers are so low that every otter is valuable. A new and increasing threat is tourism. Tourists find these animals very memorable and attractive, and guides lead their clients to find them. This disturbs otters, especially in places...

  3. Merging Criteria for Giant Impacts of Protoplanets

    OpenAIRE

    Genda, H.; Kokubo, E.; Ida, S.

    2011-01-01

    At the final stage of terrestrial planet formation, known as the giant impact stage, a few tens of Mars-sized protoplanets collide with one another to form terrestrial planets. Almost all previous studies on the orbital and accretional evolution of protoplanets in this stage have been based on the assumption of perfect accretion, where two colliding protoplanets always merge. However, recent impact simulations have shown that collisions among protoplanets are not always merging events, that i...

  4. Giant cell tumor of the rib

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 27-year-old woman with a giant cell tumor of the rib with a cystic-hemorrhagic appearance underwent surgery consisting of en bloc resection and reconstruction of the thoracic wall with Marlex mesh, reinforced with two titanium plates. When possible this type of tumor requires resection, instead of radiotherapy, since the majority of cases of malignant transformation are linked to prior radiation therapy. (orig.)

  5. Giant osteoblastoma of temporal bone: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FIGUEIREDO EBERVAL GADELHA

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Benign osteoblastoma is an uncommon bone tumor accounting for approximately 1% of all bone tumors. There are only 35 cases of skull osteoblastoma reported in the literature. We describe the case of a 23 year old male with a giant osteoblastoma of temporal bone submitted to a total removal of the tumor after an effective embolization of all external carotid branches. The authors discuss diagnostic and management aspects of this uncommon skull tumor.

  6. The Age Parameter in Giant EAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capdevielle, J. N.; Cohen, F.; Sanosyan, K.

    The age parameter from the longitudinal development can be used to describe the lateral distribution in giant EAS up to 5 km from the axis, even if the scaling properties of Approximation B in cascade theory fail after 3.5 Moliere radii. A set of analytic descriptions is proposed under the gaussian hypergeometric formalism replacing the Eulerian formalism of the classical NKG distribution, valid for electrons, muons and vertical equivalent muons (v.e.m.).

  7. Development of giant freshwater prawn broodstock

    OpenAIRE

    Mohanta, K.N.

    2000-01-01

    The commercial success of a giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) hatchery depends upon the uninterrupted supply of the desired quantity and quality of broodstock. This study was an attempt to develop the broodstock near a hatchery, to be used for seed production throughout the year. The hatchery produced seed were stocked at the rate of 3/m2 after initial pond preparation. The prawns were fed with a pelleted diet (3 mm size) prepared by using locally available feed ingredients. ...

  8. Glucagonoma syndrome demonstrating giant duodenal villi.

    OpenAIRE

    Stevens, F M; Flanagan, R W; O'Gorman, D; Buchanan, K D

    1984-01-01

    A 39 year old man developed an itchy bullous rash in the perineum and on the extremities. Six years later, after giant intestinal villi had been noted at endoscopy, a diagnosis of the glucagonoma syndrome was made. Investigation revealed a large tumour of the pancreatic body and tail. The molecular species of glucagon secreted by the tumour were characterised using the combined purification procedures of immunoaffinity chromatography followed by gel filtration.

  9. The vanishing giant abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krivoshei, Lian; Halak, Moshe; Schneiderman, Jacob; Silverberg, Daniel

    2011-05-01

    Spontaneous sac size regression of a giant abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a rare event that has not been previously described. We report a case of an 89-year-old woman with a known 9-cm AAA, which was diagnosed in 2003. The patient had refused any kind of treatment at that time. Recent imaging studies obtained 7 years later revealed an AAA of 4 cm diameter. This is the first recorded case of significant spontaneous AAA sac shrinkage. PMID:21444348

  10. Giant eruptions of very massive stars

    CERN Document Server

    Davidson, Kris

    2016-01-01

    Giant eruptions or supernova-impostor events are far more mysterious than true supernovae. An extreme example can release as much radiative energy as a SN, ejecting several M_sun of material. These events involve continuous radiation-driven outflows rather than blast waves. They constitute one of the main unsolved problems in stellar astrophysics, but have received surprisingly little theoretical effort. Here I note some aspects that are not yet familiar to most astronomers.

  11. Giant Intrapulmonary Teratoma: A Rare Case

    OpenAIRE

    Rayees Ahmad Dar; Majid Mushtaque; Sabiya Hamid Wani; Rayees Ahmed Malik

    2011-01-01

    Teratomas are tumors composed of tissues derived from more than one germ cell line. Pulmonary teratomas are rare and commonly involve the upper lobe of the left lung. Criteria for pulmonary origin are the exclusion of a gonadal or other extragonadal primary site and origin entirely within the lung. We report a case of a giant pulmonary teratoma in a 2-year-old male child and review the relevant literature.

  12. Giant solitary trichoepithelioma: A Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Recep Bedir

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Trichoepithelioma is a benign cutaneus tumour originatingfrom hair follicles. It is most commonly found on theface and scalp. Histopathologic examination was composedof band-like nests of basaloid cells showing peripheralpalization, abortive hair papilla and horn cysts ina fibrocellular stroma. A 82-year-old woman applied for a10-year old groin mass that recently slowly growing. Thelesion was excised and it was diagnosed as giant solitarytrichoephitelioma.Key words: Groin, hair follicle, skin neoplasms

  13. Giant Magellan Telescope Site Testing Summary

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas-Osip, Joanna E.; McCarthy, Patrick; Prieto, Gabriel; Phillips, Mark M.; Johns, Matt

    2011-01-01

    Cerro Las Campanas located at Las Campanas Observatory (LCO) in Chile has been selected as the site for the Giant Magellan Telescope. We report results obtained since the commencement, in 2005, of a systematic site testing survey of potential GMT sites at LCO. Meteorological (cloud cover, temperature, pressure, wind, and humidity) and DIMM seeing data have been obtained at three potential sites, and are compared with identical data taken at the site of the twin Magellan 6.5m telescopes. In ad...

  14. Asteroseismic age determination for dwarfs and giants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Silva Aguirre, V.; Serenelli, A. M.

    2015-01-01

    Asteroseismology can make a substantial contribution to our understanding of the formation history and evolution of our Galaxy by providing precisely determined stellar properties for thousands of stars in different regions of the Milky Way. We present here the different sets of observables used ...... determining asteroseismic stellar properties, the typical level of precision obtained, the current status of results for ages of dwarfs and giants and the improvements than can be expected in the near future in the context of Galactic archaeology....

  15. Giant fields in the southeast of Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acevedo, J.S.; Dautt, O.M.

    1980-01-01

    From a geologic and petroliferous point of view, the southeast zone coastal plain of Mexico has been divided into the saline basin of the Isthmus, the Macuspana Basin, and the Chiapas-Tabasco Mesozoic area. In the first 2 basins, there are giant producer fields from tertiary sands. In the saline basin of the Isthmus, production comes from structural traps associated with saline domes. In the Macuspana Basin, production comes from anticlines. The Chiapas-Tabasco Mesozoic area produces from Jurassic, Lower, Middle and Upper Cretaceous dolomitic limestones and dolomites associated with anticlines. The marine platform of Campeche produces from Jurassic and Cretaceous dolomites and lower Paleocene dolomitic Breccias associated with anticlines having numerous normal and thrust faults. A brief description is given of 5 giant fields in the saline basin of the Isthmus and 3 fields in the Macuspana Basin; a more detailed description is given of 4 giant fields in the Chiapas-Tabasco area and 2 in the sound of Campeche.

  16. Silicon abundances in population I giants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehm-Vitense, Erika

    1992-01-01

    Silicon to carbon abundance ratios for population I giants were determined from emission lines originating in the transition layers between stellar chromospheres and coronae. For effective temperatures larger than 6200 K we find a group of stars with increased silicon to carbon but normal nitrogen to carbon abundance ratios. These stars are presumably descendents from Ap stars with increased surface silicon to carbon abundance ratios. For G stars this anomaly disappears as is to be expected due to the increased depth of the convection zone and therefore deeper mixing which dilutes the surface overabundances. The disappearance of the abundance anomalies proves that the anomalous abundances observed for the F giants are indeed only a surface phenomenon. It also proves that the same holds for their progenitors, the Ap and Am stars, as has been generally believed. Unexplained is the increased silicon to carbon abundance ratio observed for several stars cooler than 5100 L. RS CVn and related stars do not show this increased abundance ratio. There are also some giants which appear to be enriched in carbon, perhaps due to a helium flash with some mixing if the star is a clump star.

  17. Giant basal cell carcinoma Carcinoma basocelular gigante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilton Nasser

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer but the giant vegetating basal cell carcinoma reaches less than 0.5 % of all basal cell carcinoma types. The Giant BCC, defined as a lesion with more than 5 cm at its largest diameter, is a rare form of BCC and commonly occurs on the trunk. This patient, male, 42 years old presents a Giant Basal Cell Carcinoma which reaches 180 cm2 on the right shoulder and was negligent in looking for treatment. Surgical treatment was performed and no signs of dissemination or local recurrence have been detected after follow up of five years.O carcinoma basocelular é o tipo mais comum de câncer de pele, mas o carcinoma basocelular gigante vegetante não atinge 0,5% de todos os tipos de carcinomas basocelulares. O Carcinoma Basocelular Gigante, definido como lesão maior que 5 cm no maior diâmetro, é uma forma rara de carcinoma basocelular e comumente ocorre no tronco. Este paciente apresenta um Carcinoma Basocelular Gigante com 180cm² no ombro direito e foi negligente em procurar tratamento. Foi realizado tratamento cirúrgico e nenhum sinal de disseminação ou recorrência local foi detectada após 5 anos.

  18. Giant Ureterohydronephrosis Due To A Ureteral Stone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ersagun Karagüzel

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available A 61-year-old man presented with left renal colic pain within 5 days. He had no history of ureteral colic and no family history of renal stone disease. Physical examination revealed left costovertebral angle tenderness and a palpable mass in the left flank region. Roentgenelogic examination including direct urinary system graphy showed a left pelvic radiopaque nodule (Figure 1. The serum creatinine level was 1.8 mg/dl.  The rest of the laboratory parameters were within normal limits. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a left lower ureteral stone (2.5cm and giant ureterohydronephrosis (Figure 2 A, B, C. He received ureteroscopic lithotripsy and placement of a double-J ureteral stent. The most common cause of the giant hydronephrosis is ureteropelvic obstruction, stones, tumors and trauma. Urolithiasis could present asymptomatically and result in a rare condition termed giant hydronephrosis, defined as the presence of more than 1 L of fluid in the collecting system [1]. As in our case the reason of the hydronephrosis and hydroureter is the obstruction caused by a distal ureteral stone. Percutaneous nephrostomy followed by subsequent lithotripsy and even nephrectomy in the case of non-functioning kidney may be the other treatment options.

  19. Two cases of giant serpentine aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumabe, T; Kaneko, U; Ishibashi, T; Kaneko, K; Uchigasaki, S

    1990-06-01

    Giant serpentine aneurysm (GSA) is an entity defined on radiological and pathological grounds as a giant, partially thrombosed aneurysm containing tortuous vascular channels. We have had the opportunity to study two patients with GSAs, which has allowed for a complete comparative anatomical and radiological study. This report emphasizes the etiology of the GSAs. Twenty-two patients with GSAs have been reported in the literature, of which pathological studies were done in 10. In most of these, the aneurysm was found to be filled with an organized thrombus, but in our patients the aneurysm was filled with relatively new clot. The aneurysm enlarged and a change in the tortuous vascular channel was observed over a period of 1 year in the first patient, whereas a globoid aneurysm developed into a GSA in the brief period of just 2 weeks in the second patient. This rapid transformation of a globoid aneurysm into a GSA is of particular interest when the etiology of GSAs is considered. Our patients therefore shed some interesting light on the possible pathophysiology of GSAs. That is, the bloodstream may change dynamically in a giant aneurysm and may become a serpentine channel under conditions that lead to a "Coanda effect." PMID:2362659

  20. Evolutionary divergency of giant tortoises in Gal?pagos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritts, T.H.

    1984-01-01

    The giant tortoises in the Galapagos Archipelago diverge considerably in size, and in shape and other carapace characteristics. The saddleback morphotype is known only from insular faunas lacking large terrestrial predators (i.e. Galapagos and Mauritius) and in Galapagos is associated with xeric habitats where vertical feeding range and vertical reach in agonistic encounters are adaptive. The large domed morphotype is associated with relatively cool, mesic habitats where intraspecific competition for food and other resources may be less intense than in xeric habitats. Other external characteristics that differ between tortoise populations are also correlated with ecological variation. Tortoises have radiated into a mosaic of ecological conditions in the Galapagos but critical data are lacking on the role of genetic and environmental controls on phenotypic variation. Morphological divergence in tortoises is potentially a better indicator of present ecological conditions than of evolutionary relationships.