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Sample records for adverse prognosis factor

  1. Strong adverse effect of epidermal growth factor receptor 2 overexpression on prognosis of patients with invasive lobular breast cancer: a comparative study with invasive ductal breast cancer in Chinese population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tong; Ma, Yuanyuan; Wang, Liang; Liu, Hong; Chen, Meixuan; Niu, Ruifang

    2015-08-01

    The data on the outcome of breast invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) are conflicting. In addition, the prognostic effect of molecular subtypes on ILC remains unclear. In this study, the clinicopathological and prognostic data between 269 ILC and 816 invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) cases in a Chinese population were extensively compared, with a median follow-up time of 7.8 years. Compared with the IDC group, ILC tumors had more lymph node invasion, hormonal receptor positivity, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negativity. ILC patients showed overall survival (OS) and recurrence/metastasis-free survival (RFS) rates similar to those of IDC patients but exhibited worse disease-free survival (DFS) rate because of the higher rate of contralateral breast cancer (BC). Further analysis showed that OS, RFS, and DFS were similar between ILC and IDC patients in the subgroups of luminal A and triple-negative BC with HER2 negativity but were worse in ILC patients than those in IDC patients in the subgroups of luminal B and HER2 overexpression with positive HER2 expression. Multivariate analysis indicated HER2 positivity as an independent risk factor for OS, RFS, and DFS of ILC patients, which increased the risk in the ILC group than that in IDC group. The interaction of HER2 and ILC was also defined as an independent risk factor for OS, RFS, and DFS of the entire population. In conclusion, overexpression of HER2 exhibited stronger negative effect on the prognosis of ILC patients than that in IDC patients, suggesting that treatment targeting HER2 is crucial for this BC subgroup. PMID:25804795

  2. Prognosis related clinical and molecular factors in malignant pleural mesothelioma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉艳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To identify potential prognosis related clinical and molecular factors in malignant pleural mesothelioma(MPM).Methods Seventy-nine patients with MPM treated in Beijing Cancer Hospital from June 1996

  3. Risk Factors Analysis on Traumatic Brain Injury Prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-dong Qu; Resha Shrestha; Mao-de Wang

    2011-01-01

    To investigate the independent risk factors of traumatic brain injury (TBI) prognosis.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed in 885 hospitalized TEl patients from January 1,2003 to January 1, 2010 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Xi' an Jiaotong University. Single-factor and logistic regression analysis were conducted to evaluate the association of different variables with TBI outcome.Results The single-factor analysis revealed significant association between several variables and TEl outcome, including age (P=0.044 for the age group 40-60, P<0.001 for the age group ≥60), complications (P<0.001), cerebrospinal fluid leakage (P<0.001), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) (P<0.001), pupillary light reflex (P<0.001), shock (P<0.001), associated extra-cranial lesions (P=0.01), subdural hematoma (P<0.001), cerebral contusion (P<0.001), diffuse axonal injury (P<0.001), and subarachnoid hemorrhage (P<0.001), suggesting the influence of those factors on the prognosis of TBI. Furthermore, logistic regression analysis identified age, GCS score, pupillary light reflex, subdural hematoma, and subarachnoid hemorrhage as independent risk factors of TEl prognosis.Conclusion Age, GCS score, papillary light reflex, subdural hematoma, and subarachnoid hemorrhage may be risk factors influencing the prognosis of TEl. Paying attention to those factors might improve the outcome of TBI in clinical treatment.

  4. Prognosis and prognostic factors in inflammatory bowel disease

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    Thompson Nicholas

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available The chance of normal survival for patients with inflammatory bowel disease is generally good. There may be a small excess mortality for those with Crohn′s disease; however recent studies do not confirm this trend. For those with ulcerative colitis, there may be an excess mortality in the first two years after diagnosis, especially in those who undergo surgery. The necessity for an operation varies, but at least 50% of patients with Crohn′s disease will be an operation in the first 10 years; whereas only about 20% of patients with ulcerative colitis will require a colectomy. Most patients with inflammatory bowel disease are able to lead a normal life and are not disabled by their disease. The prognosis in the elderly is usually good; however there is an increased mortality over younger patients, which is probably due to the presence of coexistent disease. Children also have a slightly higher mortality; this may be due to the relative frequency of a particularly extensive disease and the development of colorectal cancer. Growth retardation occurs in up to one-third of children with Crohn′s disease, but it may be resol" d if remission can be obtained. Pregnancy has not been shown to have an impact on inflammatory bowel disease, but its onset during pregnancy confers a significant risk for both mother and child. Extensive involvement is a poor prognosis factor in both diseases; conversely, isolated small bowel Crohn′s disease and ulcerative proctitis carry particularly good prognoses. A short clinical history, fistulae or abscesses at presentation probably represent an aggressive form of Crohn′s disease. Hypoalbuminemia, anemia and raised inflammatory markers are laboratory markers which suggest a worse prognosis in the short and possibly long-term.

  5. Treeline advance - driving processes and adverse factors

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    F.-K. Holtmeier

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The general trend of climatically-driven treeline advance is modified by regional, local and temporal variations. Treelines will not advance in a closed front parallel to the shift of any isotherm to higher elevations and more northern latitudes. The effects of varying topography on site conditions and the after-effects of historical disturbances by natural and anthropogenic factors may override the effects of slightly higher average temperatures. Moreover, the varying treeline-forming species respond in different ways to a changing climate. Forest advance upwards and northwards primarily depends on successful regeneration and survival of young growth rather than on increasing growth rates of mature trees. Every assessment of treeline response to future climate change must consider the effects of local site conditions and feedbacks of in-creasing tree population in modulating the climatically-driven change. Treeline-shift will influence regional and local climates, pedogenesis, plant communities, animal populations and biodiversity as well as having a considerable effect on economic changes in primary production. A better understanding of the functional relationships between the many treeline-relevant factors and treeline dynamics can be achieved only by extensive research at different scales within different climatic regions supported by as many as possible experimental studies in the field together with laboratory and remote sensing techniques.

  6. Co-occurrence of diabetes and hopelessness predicts adverse prognosis following percutaneous coronary intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne S.; Denollet, Johan; Erdman, Ruud A M;

    2009-01-01

    risk (HR: 2.40; 95% CI: 0.82-7.01). These results remained, adjusting for baseline characteristics and depressive symptoms. These findings testify to the importance of identifying patients with co-occurring risk factors, as they likely require special management in clinical practice in addition...

  7. Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes and Cardiovascular Risk Factor Management

    OpenAIRE

    Mehta, Puja K.; Minissian, Margo; Merz, C. Noel Bairey

    2015-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading health threat to American women. In addition to established risk factors for hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, smoking, and obesity, adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) including pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, and gestational diabetes are now recognized as factors that increase a woman’s risk for future CVD. CVD risk factor burden is disproportionately higher in those of low socioeconomic status and in ethnic/racial minority women. Since younger wome...

  8. Risk Factors of Poor Prognosis after Whiplash Injury

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    Samy Suissa

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Whiplash, a common injury following motor vehicle crashes, is associated with high costs and a prognosis that is variable and difficult to predict. In this paper, we review findings from the Quebec cohort epidemiological study on predictive factors of recovery from whiplash injury after a motor vehicle crash. We formed a population-based incident cohort of all 4,759 individuals who sustained a whiplash injury resulting from a motor vehicle crash in the province of Québec, Canada, in 1987, and followed these patients for up to seven years. The data were obtained from the universal automobile insurance plan (SAAQ that covers all seven million residents of the Province for all vehicular-related injuries. From this cohort, we formed the cohort of 3,014 for whom a police report was completed. For this cohort, we obtained data on crash-related factors directly from the police report. We also formed the cohort of 2,627 subjects who had strictly a whiplash injury, without associated injuries. For this cohort, the data on signs and symptoms were obtained from the medical charts kept by the SAAQ. For both cohorts, data on the outcome, the recovery time from whiplash, was obtained from the SAAQ databases. The crash-related cohort study found that socio-demographic factors associated with a longer recovery from whiplash include older age, female sex, having dependents and not being employed full time and that each decreases the rate of recovery by 14 to 16 per cent. Factors related to the crash conditions indicate that being in a truck or bus, with a decrease of 52% in the rate of recovery, being a passenger in the vehicle (15%, colliding with a moving vehicle (16%, and a side or frontal collision (15% all decrease the rate of recovery. We introduce a combined risk score that predicts longer recovery. In the cohort of subjects with signs and symptoms, the median recovery time was 32 days and 12% of subjects had still not recovered after 6 months. The signs

  9. Risk Factors and Prognosis of Surgery for Spinal Metastasis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HuiminTao; ZhengmingYang; ZhaomingYe; DishengYang; WeixuLi

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To evaluate the risk factors and prognosis of surgery for spinal metastasis.METHODS A retrospective analysis was performed for 63 patients with spinal metastasis who underwent surgical treatment between June 1992 and June 2002. Forty-one patients underwent anterior en-bloc or partial resection, decompression and reconstruction with internal fixation of the spine.Laminectomy and decompression with internal fixation were done in patients. One-stage anterior-posterior en-bloc resection and decompression followed by reconstructive stabilization were conducted in 14 patients.RESULTS After follow-up for more than 6 months, postoperative radiological evaluation revealed that spinal stabilization was evident in all patients. Fiftyseven (91.9%) patients benefited with quality of life significantly improved through pain alleviation, and 41 (66.1%) patients improved in theirneurological status. No serious complications were observed in surgery. The mean survival time after surgery was 6 months in patients with lung and liver carcinoma, 15 months with breast, prostate, and stomach carcinoma as well as the other miscellaneous malignancies, and 28 months with thyroid and kidney carcinoma. Differences were significant among the 3 groups (P<0.01).CONCLUSION Surgical treatment for spinal metastasis is able to relieve neurological symptoms and improve the quality of life. The survival time is related to the site of the primary tumor; shorter survival in lung and liver carcinoma, longer in breast, prostate, stomach carcinoma and longest In thyroid and kidney carcinoma.

  10. Antenatal psychosocial risk factors associated with adverse postpartum family outcomes.

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, L. M.; Reid, A. J.; Midmer, D. K.; Biringer, A; Carroll, J C; Stewart, D.E.

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the strength of the association between antenatal psychosocial risk factors and adverse postpartum outcomes in the family, such as assault of women by their partner, child abuse, postpartum depression, marital dysfunction and physical illness. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Cinahl, Famli, Psych Abstracts and the Oxford Database of Perinatal Trials were searched from relevant articles published from Jan. 1, 1980, to Dec. 31, 1993, with the use of MeSH terms "depression, involut...

  11. Prognosis of unprotected left main coronary artery stenting and the factors affecting the outcomes in Chinese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Background The long term prognosis of unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenting is controversial This study was conducted to evaluate the immediate and long term outcomes of LMCA stenting in Chinese patients and to determine which factors affect the outcomes. Methods From May 1997 to March 2003,224 patients in 23 hospitals underwent elective unprotected LMCA stenting with bare metal stents. Their clinical records were analysed to ascertain immediate and long term outcomes of LMCA stenting as well as factors influencing the prognosis .Results Stents were implanted into LMCA successfully in 223 cases (99.6 %). One death (0.5%) and one case of non-Q wave nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) occurred in hospital. The mean follow-up time was (15.6±12.3) months. Cardiac death developed in 10 cases (4.5%), noncardiac death in 2 cases (0.9%), nonfatal MI in 4 cases (1.8%), target lesion revascularization (TLR) of LMCA in 26 cases (11.7%) and TLR of nonLMCA in 37 cases (16.5%). Univariate analysis showed that cardiac death correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF < 40%), female gender and LMCA combined with multivessel disease; that major adverse cardiac events (MACE) correlated with LVEF < 40%, bifurcation lesion and incomplete revascularization. Logistic regression analysis revealed that LVEF < 40% and female gender were independent predictors of cardiac death and MACE. Follow-up angiography was performed in 102 cases (45.7%). The restenosis rate was 31.4%. Conclusions Long-term outcomes of stenting for selected patients with unprotected LMCA stenosis is acceptable. It should be performed in inoperable or low risk patients with LVEF ≥ 40% and isolated LMCA disease or LMCA combined with multivessel diseases in whom complete revascularization can be obtained.

  12. FACTORS AFFECTING REMOVAL AND PROGNOSIS OF THYMIC TUMORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志庸; 戈烽; 李单青; 李泽坚; 孙成孚; 徐乐天; 张世农

    1995-01-01

    One hundred and ten cases of thymic tumors were intervened surgically, including 92 thymoma, 8 thymie earcinoid, and 10 thymic carcinoma. In this series, 50. 9 % of the cases were complicated with various syndromes, 44. 5 % with myasthenia gravis (MG). Resection rate was correlated with the size and invasion of the tumor. There was significant difference in resection rate among thymoma, thymic carcinoid and thymic carcinoma. The degree of invasiorl undoubtely influenced on resection. The 3-, 5- and 10- year suvival rate of the thymoma were 82. 7 %, 68. 1 % and 40. 0 %, respectively. The prognosis depended on the pathoioglcal classification and the severity of the neighbouring invasion, but MG had no sianificant effect on prognosis. Recurrence and metastasis of the tumor were the main cause of late death.

  13. RISK FACTOR PROFILES OF ADVERSE NEUROMOTOR OUTCOME IN INFANTS

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    Farin SOLEIMANI

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveAssessment of risk predictors for adverse neurodevelopmental outcome at 1 year of age in term and near-term infants.Material & MethodsThis case-control study was a representative sample of infants from different health-care centers of north and east of Tehran. The association betweenrisk factors and delayed motor development (developmental quotient below 70 indicating a significant delay was analyzed using correlating risk factors;including the perinatal and neonatal data to the developmental status. The case group consisted of 143 infants whose DQ score was less than 70 and thecontrol group consisted of 140 infants who had a DQ score of more than 70.ResultsNeonatal seizures, Apgar score less than 3 after 5 minutes of birth (OR = 2.87 [95% CI; 1.68, 4.92], low birth weight (OR = 5.86 [95% CI; 3.07, 11.18], pretermdelivery (OR =6.17 [95% CI; 3.04, 12.52], Premature rupture of membranes (PROM>24 hours (OR = 6.18[95% CI; 2.07, 18.51] and hyperbilirubinemialeading to phototherapy or exchange transfusion (OR =3.75 [95% CI; 2.12, 6.65] were associated with an increased risk for neuromotor delay on developmentalexamination at 1 year.ConclusionThis study identified distinct risk factors for an adverse outcome in infants. In this environment, perinatal risk predictors are most important.Keywords: Neurodevelopmental outcome, perinatal period, infant, risk factor.

  14. Short-term prognosis and risk factors of ventricular septal rupture following acute myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡小莹

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the short-term prognosis and risk factors of ventricular septal rupture(VSR)following acute myocardial infarction(AMI).Methods A total of 70 consecutive VSR patients following AMI hospitalized in

  15. Short-term prognosis and risk factors of ventricular septal rupture following acute myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡小莹

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the short-term prognosis and risk factors of ventricular septal rupture(VSR)following acute myocardial infarction(AMI).Methods A total of 70 consecutive VSR patients following AMI

  16. RISK FACTOR PROFILES OF ADVERSE NEUROMOTOR OUTCOME IN INFANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farin Soleimani MD

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveAssessment of risk predictors for adverse neurodevelopmental outcome at 1 year of age in term and near-term infants.Material & MethodsThis case-control study was a representative sample of infants from different health-care centers of north and east of Tehran. The association betweenrisk factors and delayed motor development (developmental quotient below 70 indicating a significant delay was analyzed using correlating risk factors;including the perinatal and neonatal data to the developmental status. The case group consisted of 143 infants whose DQ score was less than 70 and thecontrol group consisted of 140 infants who had a DQ score of more than 70.ResultsNeonatal seizures, Apgar score less than 3 after 5 minutes of birth (OR = 2.87 [95% CI; 1.68, 4.92], low birth weight (OR = 5.86 [95% CI; 3.07, 11.18], pretermdelivery (OR =6.17 [95% CI; 3.04, 12.52], Premature rupture of membranes (PROM>24 hours (OR = 6.18[95% CI; 2.07, 18.51] and hyperbilirubinemialeading to phototherapy or exchange transfusion (OR =3.75 [95% CI; 2.12, 6.65] were associated with an increased risk for neuromotor delay on developmentalexamination at 1 year.ConclusionThis study identified distinct risk factors for an adverse outcome in infants. In this environment, perinatal risk predictors are most important.

  17. Analysis of Adverse Events in Identifying GPS Human Factors Issues

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    Adams, Catherine A.; Hwoschinsky, Peter V.; Adams, Richard J.

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze GPS related adverse events such as accidents and incidents (A/I), Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) reports and Pilots Deviations (PDs) to create a framework for developing a human factors risk awareness program. Although the occurrence of directly related GPS accidents is small the frequency of PDs and ASRS reports indicated there is a growing problem with situational awareness in terminal airspace related to different types of GPs operational issues. This paper addresses the findings of the preliminary research and a brief discussion of some of the literature on related GPS and automation issues.

  18. Adverse pregnancy outcomes and cardiovascular risk factor management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Puja K; Minissian, Margo; Bairey Merz, C Noel

    2015-06-01

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading health threat to American women. In addition to establish risk factors for hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, smoking, and obesity, adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) including pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, and gestational diabetes are now recognized as factors that increase a woman's risk for future CVD. CVD risk factor burden is disproportionately higher in those of low socioeconomic status and in ethnic/racial minority women. Since younger women often use their obstetrician/gynecologist as their primary health provider, this is an opportune time to diagnose and treat CVD risk factors early. Embedding preventive care providers such as nurse practitioners or physician assistants within OB/GYN practices can be considered, with referral to family medicine or internist for ongoing risk assessment and management. The American Heart Association (AHA)/American Stroke Association (ASA) stroke prevention guidelines tailored to women recommend that women with a history of pre-eclampsia can be evaluated for hypertension and other CVD risk factors within 6 months to 1-year post-partum. Given the burden and impact of CVD on women in our society, the entire medical community must work to establish feasible practice and referral patterns for assessment and treatment of CVD risk factors.

  19. Ceratocone: fatores prognósticos Keratoconus: prognosis factors

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    Rosana Molina Saraiva Elias

    2005-08-01

    keratoconus disease carrier patients in an age range under the usual one and try to detect any factor which can influence in disease evolution and prognosis. METHODS: Patients under 15 years old with a keratoconus diagnosis where analyzed. All of them answered a questionnaire, and were submitted to ocular examination and also computerized ceratoscopy. These patients were divided into three groups and went through a contact lens test: 1 it was possible for this group to adapt to contact lenses; 2 a cornea transplant for this group was recommended; 3 for this group it was suggested that they use glasses. RESULTS: Patients who had 20/40 or greater visual acuity usually did not progress to transplant in the studied period. On the other hand, patients who had 20/60 or less acuity, progress to a deep transplant very quickly. Other cases, related to a lower age range (10-15 years old pregressed to a transplant. We can observe that the cornea apex has a very unsteady location, which explains the different difficulty levels regarding adaptation to contact lenses. In all patients who had a superior out of place apex and values greater than 66 D adaptation was successful. In the central apex eyes the adaptation was easier. In the inferior apex eyes it was not possible to set a standard to indicate the person for surgery. In the eyes which were adapted to the contact lenses and whose curvature was smaller than 51.10 D there were fewer chances of evolution to a cornea transplant, on comparison with patients who had a curvature of 57.60 or even greater. CONCLUSION: Patients who have curvatures greater than 57.40, acuity lower than 20/60 and are under 18 years old have more chances to evolve to a cornea transplant. When the ceratocone apex is central the contact lens adaptation becomes easier.

  20. Inflammation-based factors and prognosis in patients withcolorectal cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Several parameters for predicting survival in patientswith colorectal cancer have been identified, includingthe performance status, age, gender and tumor-nodemetastasis(TNM) stage. Although the TNM stage isimportant and useful for predicting the prognosis anddetermining the appropriate treatment, it is well knownthat the survival time varies widely, even in patients withthe same stage of disease. Therefore, the identificationof new parameters capable of more precisely predictingpatient survival is needed to help select the optimaltreatment, especially in patients in the advanced stageof disease. Although the TNM stage reflects the tumorcharacteristics, cancer progression and survival are notdetermined solely based on the local characteristics ofthe tumor, but also the host systemic immune/inflammatoryresponse. Therefore, using a combination ofparameters that reflect both tumor characteristics andthe host systemic inflammatory status is thought to beimportant for accurately predicting patient survival.

  1. Clinical factors adversely affecting early outcome after brain infarction

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    Charles André

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE AND METHODS: One-hundred-and-nine consecutive patients admitted during the acute phase of a CT-confirmed brain infarction (BI were studied. Putative adverse influence of demographic and stroke risk factors, previous medical history, clinical presentation, initial and follow-up neurological examination, initial general evaluation, laboratory findings, chest X-ray and electrocardiographic findings, treatment, and topography and etiology of the ischemic insult was analysed. The end-point for assessment was early death (within 30 days. Statistical analysis was performed with univariate analysis and multiple regression. RESULTS: The main adverse factors related to an increased death risk during the first 30 days were, in decreasing order of importance: coma 48-72 hours after admission; stroke occuring in already hospitalized patients; Babinski sign on admission; minor degrees of impairment of consciousness 48-72 hours after admission; stroke related to large artery atherothrombosis and to embolism; a history of early impairment of consciousness; cardiac failure on admission. In 53 lucid patients on admission, only a history of congestive heart failure (CHF was associated with a reduced survival rate. In 56 patients with impaired consciousness, the presence of a Babinski sign increased death risk, but the main factor predicting a high case-fatality rate was the persistence of consciousness disturbances after48-72 hours. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of impairment of consciousness, especially coma, 2-3 days after disease onset, and a history of CHF greatly increase the early case fatality rate in patients with acute BI presenting with or without consciousness disturbances at admission, respectively. The use of a prognostic algorythm considering these few variables seems to predict the approximate 30-day fatality rates.

  2. Prognosis and risk factors for intrauterine growth retardation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sehested, Line Thousig; Pedersen, Pernille

    2014-01-01

    focusing on risk factors, catch up and neonatal outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective descriptive study of IUGR neonates with a birth weight below 70% of the expected whose mothers were admitted to the Neonatal Ward at Hvidovre Hospital during 2007-2009. Obstetrical and maternal risk...... factors and neonatal growth and outcome at six weeks, five months and 12 months of age were collected. RESULTS: A total of 73 neonates and their mothers were included. Caesarean delivery was given in 78% of the cases. Maternal risk factors included gestational hypertension (33%), smoking (24...

  3. Analysis of related factors affecting prognosis of shunt surgery in patients with secondary normal pressure hydrocephalus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Cheng; DU Hang-gen; YIN Li-chun; HE Min; ZHANG Guo-jun; TIAN Yong; HAO Bi-lie

    2013-01-01

    Objective:The management of secondary normal pressure hydrocephalus (sNPH) is controversial.Many factors may affect the surgery effect.The purpose of this study was to identify the possible factors influencing prognosis and provide theoretical basis for clinical treatment of sNPH.Methods:A retrospective study was carried out to investigate the results of 31 patients with sNPH who underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery from January 2007 to December 2011.We processed the potential influencing factors by univariate analysis and the result further by multivariate logistic regression analysis.Results:Factors including age,disease duration and Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score before surgery significantly influenced the prognosis of sNPH (P<0.05).Further logistic regression analysis showed that all the three factors are independent influencing factors.Conclusion:Age,disease duration and GCS score before surgery have positive predictive value in estimating favorable response to surgical treatment for sNPH.

  4. Analysis of factors influencing prognosis in foals with septic arthritis

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    Vos Nicolas J

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The purpose of this paper was to identify factors that would positively or negatively affect the short-term survival rate of foals with septic arthritis. Medical records of 81 foals (≤seven months of age with a clinical diagnosis of septic arthritis, referred to the equine hospital at Cornell University Hospital for Animals, between 1994 and 2003 were reviewed. Signalment, age at presentation, number of affected joints, joint fluid parameters, bacterial agents, treatment modalities and year of treatment were compared between survivors and nonsurvivors. Sixty-two of 81 foals (77% were discharged from the hospital and classified as 'survivors'. Multiple joint involvement and detection of intra-articular Gram-negative, mixed bacterial infection and degenerate neutrophils were negatively associated with short-term survival. Initiation of treatment within 24 hrs of onset of clinical signs and combination of treatment modalities were positively correlated with survival. Further investigation is needed to determine if these two factors have a similar influence on athletic performance.

  5. Retinopathy of Prematurity; Risk Factors, Prognosis and Treatment

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    Sibel Kocabeyo¤lu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence, related risk factors, treatment and follow-up results in cases of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP. Material and Method: Medical records of 405 premature infants who attended our clinic between August 1999 and September 2004 were retrospectively screened. Among these patients, 379 infants were followed up in our neonatology unit and 26 were referred to us from other clinics. Indirect diode laser photocoagulation and/or cryotherapy were performed when prethreshold or threshold ROP was detected. Surgery was performed in stage IV-V ROP. Results: ROP was detected in 88 out of 405 infants (21.72%. At the first examination, stage I ROP was detected in 18 eyes (10.4%, stage II - in 67 eyes (38.72%, stage III - in 82 eyes (47.39%, and stage IV-V – in 6 eyes (3.46%. Indirect diode laser photocoagulation was applied to 34 eyes with stage II and in 47 eyes with stage III ROP. Ten eyes with threshold ROP and 4 eyes which progressed to threshold ROP were treated with cryotherapy. Scleral buckling was performed in 3 eyes that progressed to stage IV ROP. At the first examination, 2 eyes with stage IV-V ROP were treated with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV. Discussion: In our series, the most important risk factors for development and progression of ROP were found to be low birth weight, low gestational age, mechanical ventilation and multiple pregnancy. Effective screening, follow-up and appropriate treatment are important for prevention of permanent damage and unfavorable outcome in ROP. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2011; 41: 128-32

  6. Viral and host inflammation-related factors that can predict the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Liping; Zhang, Qi; Chang, Wenjun; Du, Yan; Zhang, Hongwei; Cao, Guangwen

    2012-09-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a malignancy caused mainly by chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV), is a highly fatal disease. Apart from clinical parameters like venous invasion and multinodularity, viral and host inflammation-related factors are important predictors of HCC prognosis after surgical treatment. The factors of prognostic value can be detected in the specimens of HCC patients. In preoperative peripheral blood, high HBV DNA and the genotypes and mutations of HBV or HCV, high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and high concentrations of macrophage migration inhibitory factor and osteopontin predict poor prognosis. In tumours, high ratios of neutrophil-to-CD8(+) T cell and Treg-to-CD8(+) T cell, high expression of pro-angiogenic factors such as hypoxia-inducible factor-1α and cell growth/survival factors such as CD24 and activation of inflammatory signalling pathways such as Wnt/β-catenin, nuclear factor-kappa B and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 predict early recurrence. In peritumoural hepatic tissues, high HBV DNA, HBV mutations, high densities of macrophages, activated stellates and mast cells, high expression of macrophage colony-stimulating factor/its receptor and placental growth factor, Th1/Th2-like cytokine shift, inflammation-related signature and activation of carcinogenesis-related pathways predict late recurrence. Further studies should be focused on the development of a robust strategy by integrating the viral factors, inflammatory factors and clinical factors of complementary prognostic value to ensure high validity of the assessment for postoperative HCC prognosis. PMID:22325840

  7. A Research on Factors Influencing the Clinical Prognosis of Acute Stroke Patie.patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luo Zuming; Li Manli

    2000-01-01

    Object: To search for the factors significantly influencing the clinical prognosis of acute stroke patients. Background: There are lack of prospective multivariate analysis research m acute stroke in the world. Method: We chose 17 factors possibly influencing the prognosis of acute patients, took Barthel′s Index at the end of 2 months after stroke onset and decreased percentage of neurological deficit scores (MESSS) between 72h after hospitalization and 2 months after onset as gold standard, to have a prospective, multivariate analysis research combined with univariate analysis. Results: Multivariate analysis of 106 acute stroke patients combined with univariate analysis showed the factors significantly influencing the clinical prognosis of acute stroke patients were: initial MESSS score、 age、 complication、 mass effect、 stroke location、 time of delay before emergency arrival (BDT). Time of delay after emergency arrival was not found to be a significant prognostic factor. Discussion: Barthel Index at the end of 1 month after stroke onset was strongly related to that at the end of 2 month after onset, as was the same with MESSS score. It showed there was no significant difference between 1 month and 2 months after stroke onset when we choose time interval in evaluating prognosis of acute stroke patients.Conclusion: BDT、 initial MESSS score、 age、 stroke location、 mass effect、 complication were important factors of acute stroke patients. Avoid the delay before emergency arrival after onset, prevent and treat complications after stroke, more carefully treat acute stroke patients with advanced age, advanced age, high initial MESSS scores and those with mass effect reported by CT, we can improve the outcome of stroke patients.

  8. Analysis of risk factors affecting the prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao Ming; Yuan Chunhui; Xiu Dianrong; Shi Xueying; Tao Liyuan; Ma Zhaolai; Jiang Bin

    2014-01-01

    Background Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) are a type of tumors with the characteristics of easy metastasis and recurrence.Till date,the risk factors affecting the prognosis are still in the debate.In this study,several risk factors will be discussed combined with our cases and experience.Methods Thirty-three patients diagnosed as pNETs were enrolled and the clinical features,blood tests,pathological features,surgical treatment,and follow-up data of these patients were collected and analyzed.Results In this study,operation time of G3 cases was longer than G1/G2 cases (P=0.017).The elevated level of tumor markers such as AFP,CEA,Ca125,and Ca19-9 may predict easier metastasis,earlier recurrence,and poor prognosis (P=0.007).The presence of cancer embolus and nerve invasion increases along with the TNM stage (P=0.037 and P=0.040),and the incidence of positive surgical margin increased (P=0.007).When the presence of nerve invasion occurs,the chance of cancer embolus and lymph node metastasis also increases (P=0.016 and P=0.026).Conclusions pNETs were tumors with the features of easy recurrence and metastasis and many risk factors could affect its prognosis such as the elevated levels of tumor markers and the presence of nerve invasion,except some recognized risk factors.If one or more of these factors existed,postoperative treatments may be needed to improve prognosis.

  9. Gene polymorphisms in APOE, NOS3, and LIPC genes may be risk factors for cardiac adverse events after primary CABG

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    Nollert Georg

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Coronary artery disease progression after primary coronary artery bypass grafting may, beside classical atherosclerosis risk factors, be depending on genetic predisposition. Methods We investigated 192 CABG patients (18% female, age: 60.9 ± 7.4 years. Clinically cardiac adverse events were defined as need for reoperation (n = 88; 46%, reintervention (n = 58; 30%, or angina (n = 89; 46%. Mean follow-up time measured 10.1 ± 5.1 years. Gene polymorphisms (ApoE, NOS3, LIPC, CETP, SERPINE-1, Prothrombin were investigated separately and combined (gene risk profile. Results Among classical risk factors, arterial hypertension and hypercholesterinemia significantly influenced CAD progression. Single ApoE, NOS3 and LIPC polymorphisms provided limited information. Patients missing the most common ApoE ε3 allele (5,2%, showed recurrent symptoms (p = 0,077 and had more frequently reintervention (p = 0,001. NOS3 a allele was associated with a significant increase for reintervention (p = 0,041 and recurrent symptoms (p = 0,042. Homozygous LIPC patients had a higher reoperation rate (p = 0.049. A gene risk profile enabled us to discriminate between faster and slower occurrence of cardiac adverse events (p = 0.0012. Conclusion Single APOE, LIPC and NOS3 polymorphisms permitted limited prognosis of cardiac adverse events in patients after CABG. Risk profile, in contrast, allowed for risk stratification.

  10. Adverse Reaction to Cetuximab, an Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Štulhofer Buzina, Daška; Martinac, Ivana; Ledić Drvar, Daniela; Čeović, Romana; Bilić, Ivan; Marinović, Branka

    2016-04-01

    Dear Editor, Inhibition of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a new strategy in treatment of a variety of solid tumors, such as colorectal carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, and pancreatic cancer (1). Cetuximab is a chimeric human-murine monoclonal antibody against EGFR. Cutaneous side effects are the most common adverse reactions occurring during epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors (EGFRI) therapy. Papulopustular rash (acne like rash) develop with 80-86% patients receiving cetuximab, while xerosis, eczema, fissures, teleangiectasiae, hyperpigmentations, and nail and hair changes occur less frequently (2). The mechanism underlying these skin changes has not been established and understood. It seems EGFRI alter cell growth and differentiation, leading to impaired stratum corneum and cell apoptosis (3-5). An abdominoperineal resection of the rectal adenocarcinoma (Dukes C) was performed on a 43-year-old female patient. Following surgery, adjuvant chemo-radiotherapy was applied. After two years, the patient suffered a metastatic relapse. Abdominal lymphadenopathy was detected on multi-slice computer tomography (MSCT) images, with an increased value of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) tumor marker (maximal value 57 ng/mL). Hematological and biochemical tests were within normal limits, so first-line chemotherapy with oxaliplatin and a 5-fluorouracil (FOLFOX4) protocol was introduced. A wild type of the KRAS gene was confirmed in tumor tissue (diagnostic prerequisite for the introduction of EGFRI) and cetuximab (250 mg per m2 of body surface) was added to the treatment protocol. The patient responded well to the treatment with confirmed partial regression of the tumor formations. Three months after the patient started using cetuximab, an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody, the patient presented with a papulopustular eruption in the seborrhoeic areas (Figure 1) and eczematoid reactions on the extremities

  11. Molecular mechanism of biophylaxis for adverse factor in working environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It has been known that there exist some specific proteins in the pathway by which adverse environmental components are transferred to genes mediating the biophylaxis mechanism. Therefore, it seemed that information exchange might be made through interaction between such proteins and unknown proteins, and this step would be the key step of biophylaxis. In this study, construction of a recombinant protein was attempted to develop a detection method for such protein-protein interaction using radioisotopes. First, vectors that can express ZRF protein with S-tag at the N-terminal end in E.coli were constructed (pZRF29, pZRF30) and E.coli transfected with the vector was cultured to collect the recombinant protein. Thus obtained recombinant ZRF protein was analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and detection was made by Coomassie staining. Using the two vectors, ZRF protein was produced. The protein could be obtained at much higher efficiency in the present system than the previous system. However, the expression level of β-galactosidase as the control was still higher than that of the ZRF protein. This would be due to the higher stability of β- galactosidase, suggesting that further improvement might be obtainable by stabilizing the ZRF protein at the time of expression. It was thought necessary to choose the optimum conditions of the system in respects of cell culture and induction of the recombinant protein as well as protein extraction. (M.N.)

  12. Cutaneous adverse events of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors: A retrospective review of 99 cases

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    Kumutnart Chanprapaph

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Previous reports regarding the cutaneous adverse events of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors are mostly limited to small case reports and case series, mainly involving Caucasian patients. Aims: We describe the trends in the clinical presentation of Asian patients who had cutaneous adverse events induced by epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors and to explore the relationship between skin adverse events and tumor response. Methods: From 2006 to 2010, medical records of Thai patients with non-small cell lung cancer receiving epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors were retrieved and analyzed. Results: In all, 99 patients were reviewed and analyzed. Erlotinib and gefitinib were commenced in 75 (75.8% and 24 (24.2% patients, respectively. Cutaneous adverse events occurred in 43 (57.3% patients receiving erlotinib and in 15 (62.5% patients receiving gefitinib. The most common adverse event was xerosis (52.5%. Less common adverse events included papulo-pustular eruption (27.3%, erythematous maculopapular rash (11.1%, mucositis (6.7%, paronychia (5.1%, and trichomegaly (2%. Elderly patients had a higher occurrence of xerosis. The presence of cutaneous adverse events was significantly higher in subjects who had a tumor response. Limitations: The limitations of study include its retrospective nature, and the initial screening of cutaneous adverse events was done by non-dermatologists. Conclusions: Cutaneous adverse events due to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors are not uncommon in the Asian population. We found a positive correlation between the occurrences of cutaneou adverse events and tumor response supporting the view that they are surrogate markers for therapeutic response.

  13. The study of risk factors affecting the prognosis of lung abscess

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    Aghajan Zadeh M

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available In spite the emergence of potent and broad spectrum antibiotics and recent advances in bronchoscopy and pulmonary physiotherapy, still there is a high rate of morbidity and mortality because of lung abscess. The objective of this study is the indication of risk factors, which have undesirable effects on the prognosis of lung abscess. In a retrospective study, all cases of lung abscess who was confined to bed during 1994 to 1999 in Rasht were collected and analyzed. From 52 cases, 40 (77% were male and 12 (23% were female. The mean duration of stay was 20 day (15 to 35. The secondary cause for lung abscess was as follows: 10 cases (19% COPD, 10 cases (19% preumonia, 15 cases (29% bronchiectasia 2 cases lung cancer, 2 cases lung hydatid cyst and 3 cases atelectasia. Extrapulmonary causes of lung abscess were consist of: 10 case (10% aspiration, 10 case (19% esophageal diseases tending to reflux, 5 case (9% periodontal disease. The factors, which had underiable effects on prognosis of disease were lung cancer, anemia, hypoalbuminemia, age over 60, abscess with pseudomonas, abscess cavity greater thus 8 cm, lower lobe in right lung and TB. Because of high mortality and morbidity of lung abscess, due attention for internal drainage, bronchoscopy, physiotherapy and timed surgery are seriously indicated.

  14. Myocardial Infarction in the "Young": Risk Factors, Presentation, Management and Prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Nadim; Kelly, Anne-Maree; Cox, Nicholas; Wong, Chiew; Soon, Kean

    2016-10-01

    Myocardial infarction (MI) in the "young" is a significant problem, however there is scarcity of data on premature coronary heart disease (CHD) and MI in the "young". This may lead to under-appreciation of important differences that exist between "young" MI patients versus an older cohort. Traditional differences described in the risk factor profile of younger MI compared to older patients include a higher prevalence of smoking, family history of premature CHD and male gender. Recently, other potentially important differences have been described. Most "young" MI patients will present with non-ST elevation MI but the proportion presenting with ST-elevation MI is increasing. Coronary angiography usually reveals less extensive disease in "young" MI patients, which has implications for management. Short-term prognosis of "young" MI patients is better than for older patients, however contemporary data raises concerns regarding longer-term outcomes, particularly in those with reduced left ventricular systolic function. Here we review the differences in rate, risk factor profile, presentation, management and prognosis between "young" and older MI patients.

  15. Impact of reversionary and other etiological factors on prognosis and course of schizophrenia

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    Ifeta Ličanin

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Aim To identify the presence of schizophrenia among patients andtheir relatives, factors affecting duration and prognosis of the disease and other etiological factors related to schizophrenia.Methods This retrospective, descriptive, analytical and epidemiological research, which was conducted at the Psychiatric hospital of the Clinical Center of the University of Sarajevo during 2007, covered randomly selected 100 hospitalized patients with schizophrenia according to diagnostic criteria of the Diagnostic andStatistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV. Diagnosis of schizophrenia among relatives was based on anamnesis- Structural Clinical Interview (SCID and it was applied to confirm DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia. Results The presence of schizophrenia among patient relatives was the most important in etiology of schizophrenia (62%, and etiological factors were represented in 38 % of examinees (p=0,0001. Among relatives of examinees aged 20 – 30 years, schizophrenia was present in 37 (59.7% cases. Schizophrenia among relatives caused earlier appearance of the disease. Duration of hospitalization of over 60 days was in the group of examinees which have the relatives with schizophrenia, 18 (29.0%; multiple hospitalizations were noted in the group of relatives in 40 (64.5% cases; in one case (8.3% traumatic experience was noted, in three (42.8% acute stress, and in four 4 cases (28.6% non-adequate living conditions. Conclusions The results of this study show that reversionary factors are responsible for inducing schizophrenia, which leads towards chronic course of the disease and worsened prognosis.

  16. Intracerebral hemorrhage during treatment with oral anticoagulants. Risk factors, therapy and prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernestus, R I; Speder, B; Pakos, P; Hildebrandt, G; Klug, N

    1994-01-01

    Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) during oral anticoagulation is a serious complication, which is mostly fatal for the multimorbid patient. In the present retrospective study of 53 patients with ICH during treatment with a cumarin derivative (Phenoprocoumon, Marcumar), we investigated the relationship between therapy and preexisting parameters such as age, location, level of consciousness, additional bleeding risks, and the degree of anticoagulation, which were assumed to be of prognostic relevance. The therapeutic management of ICH during treatment with anticoagulants was determined predominantly by location of the hematoma, patient's age, and additional bleeding risks, but less by level of consciousness and initial thromboplastin time (Quick's test). As a consequence of the individual analysis of these 5 parameters, age over 60 years, location of hematoma in the midline or ventricles, coma, additional bleeding risks such as arterial hypertension and trauma, and Quick's test below 15% at the time of bleeding were supposed to be responsible for poor prognosis. Mortality increased with a rising number of poor prognostic factors, independently of surgical or conservative treatment. In consequence, prognosis of ICH during oral anticoagulation is predominantly influenced by the number of such disadvantageous indicators and only little by therapy. PMID:8053274

  17. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 promotes progression and correlates to poor prognosis in cholangiocarcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, Yun-Fei [Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University (China); Yang, Xiao-Qing [Department of Pathology, Shandong University (China); Lu, Xiao-Fei [Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Jinan Central Hospital (China); Guo, Sen; Liu, Yi; Iqbal, Mohammad; Ning, Shang-Lei; Yang, Hui [Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University (China); Suo, Ning [Department of Anatomy, Shandong University (China); Chen, Yu-Xin, E-mail: yxu8@bidmc.harvard.edu [Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University (China)

    2014-03-28

    Highlights: • FGFR4 is significantly related with N stage in IHCC, with T stage and TNM stage in PHCC. • FGFR4 is an independent prognostic factor in IHCC and PHCC. • FGFR4 promotes proliferation, invasion and EMT in cholangiocarinoma cell lines. • Inhibitor AP24354 can decrease proliferation, invasion and induce apoptosis of CCA. - Abstract: Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) is related to poor prognosis of several cancers, but the correlation between FGFR4 expression and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) has not been well elucidated. We investigated the expression of FGFR4 in 83 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (IHCCs), 75 perihilar cholangiocarcinomas (PHCCs) and 41 distal cholangiocarcinomas (DCCs) by immunohistochemistry (IHC), and subsequently evaluated association of FGFR4 with clinicopathologic parameters and survival rate. The rate of FGFR4 higher expression was 61.4% (51/83) in IHCCs, 53.3% (40/75) in PHCCs and 56.1% (23/41) in DCCs. FGFR4 expression was significantly related to poor prognosis of IHCC (P = 0.002) and PHCC (P = 0.019) with univariate analysis, and also identified as an independent prognostic factor in IHCC (P = 0.045) and PHCC (P = 0.049) with multivariate analysis. Additionally, with functional assays in vitro, we found FGFR4 can induce proliferation, invasion and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) of CCA cell lines with FGF19 stimulation. Moreover, FGFR4 inhibitor AP24354 can suppress proliferation, invasion and induce apoptosis of CCA cells. In conclusion, FGFR4 expression can be identified as a significant independent prognostic biomarker of IHCC and PHCC. FGFR4 played a pivotal role in proliferation, invasion and EMT of CCA. FGFR4 inhibitor can suppress proliferation, invasion and induce apoptosis of CCA, indicating that FGFR4 may act as a potential therapeutic target.

  18. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 promotes progression and correlates to poor prognosis in cholangiocarcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • FGFR4 is significantly related with N stage in IHCC, with T stage and TNM stage in PHCC. • FGFR4 is an independent prognostic factor in IHCC and PHCC. • FGFR4 promotes proliferation, invasion and EMT in cholangiocarinoma cell lines. • Inhibitor AP24354 can decrease proliferation, invasion and induce apoptosis of CCA. - Abstract: Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) is related to poor prognosis of several cancers, but the correlation between FGFR4 expression and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) has not been well elucidated. We investigated the expression of FGFR4 in 83 intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (IHCCs), 75 perihilar cholangiocarcinomas (PHCCs) and 41 distal cholangiocarcinomas (DCCs) by immunohistochemistry (IHC), and subsequently evaluated association of FGFR4 with clinicopathologic parameters and survival rate. The rate of FGFR4 higher expression was 61.4% (51/83) in IHCCs, 53.3% (40/75) in PHCCs and 56.1% (23/41) in DCCs. FGFR4 expression was significantly related to poor prognosis of IHCC (P = 0.002) and PHCC (P = 0.019) with univariate analysis, and also identified as an independent prognostic factor in IHCC (P = 0.045) and PHCC (P = 0.049) with multivariate analysis. Additionally, with functional assays in vitro, we found FGFR4 can induce proliferation, invasion and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) of CCA cell lines with FGF19 stimulation. Moreover, FGFR4 inhibitor AP24354 can suppress proliferation, invasion and induce apoptosis of CCA cells. In conclusion, FGFR4 expression can be identified as a significant independent prognostic biomarker of IHCC and PHCC. FGFR4 played a pivotal role in proliferation, invasion and EMT of CCA. FGFR4 inhibitor can suppress proliferation, invasion and induce apoptosis of CCA, indicating that FGFR4 may act as a potential therapeutic target

  19. Causal Factors Influencing Adversity Quotient of Twelfth Grade and Third-Year Vocational Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachapoom Pangma

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The aim of this research was to study the causal factors influencing students’ adversity between twelfth grade and third-year vocational students in Sisaket province, Thailand. Six hundred and seventy two of twelfth grade and 376 third-year vocational students were selected by multi-stage random sampling techniques. Approach: The instruments used for collecting data were: A scale on self-esteem, a scale on dominance, a scale on self-confidence, a scale on sense of personal freedom, a scale on achievement motivation, a scale on ambition, a scale on enthusiasm, a scale on responsibility, a scale on future orientation, and an adversity quotient scale. The data were analyzed by validity test of the causal relationship model. Results: The results of the study were as follows: (1 variables influencing the adversity quotient of 12th grade and third-year vocational students were dominance, sense of personal freedom, self-esteem, enthusiasm, self-confidence, ambition and achievement motivation. (2 Variables are directly influencing the adversity quotient of twelfth grade students was self-confidence while the variables both directly and indirectly influencing the adversity quotient of students were dominance, sense of personal freedom, self-esteem, and enthusiasm. (3 Variable are directly influencing adversity quotient of third-year vocational students was achievement motivation, the variables are indirectly influencing the adversity quotient of these students was dominance while the variables both directly and indirectly influencing the adversity quotient of these students were sense of personal freedom, self-esteem, enthusiasm, self-confidence, and ambition. Conclusion: In conclusion, the results of this study could be used as beneficial information for parents, teachers and those involved in education for developing students to have adversity quotient as well as to be used as guidelines for providing education in the future.

  20. Natural progression of renal function in the elderly: analysis of poor prognosis factors associated with chronic kidney disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heras, Manuel; García-Cosmes, Pedro; Fernández-Reyes, María J; Sánchez, Rosa

    2013-01-01

    In the last few years a debate has emerged on the range of normal renal function and the rate at which renal disease progresses in the elderly. In this review we analysed, on the basis of the results of the study Ancianos con enfermedad renal crónica del Hospital General de Segovia (Elderly people with chronic kidney disease of the Hospital General de Segovia), the poor prognosis factors associated with this disease: proteinuria, episodes of acute renal failure and heart failure, and the role of uric acid. Elderly people with chronic kidney disease who present these poor prognosis factors may benefit from follow-up by Nephrology. PMID:23897177

  1. Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitors: A Review of Cutaneous Adverse Events and Management

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    K. Chanprapaph

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Epidermal growth factor inhibitors (EGFRI, the first targeted cancer therapy, are currently an essential treatment for many advance-stage epithelial cancers. These agents have the superior ability to target cancers cells and better safety profile compared to conventional chemotherapies. However, cutaneous adverse events are common due to the interference of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR signaling in the skin. Cutaneous toxicities lead to poor compliance, drug cessation, and psychosocial discomfort. This paper summarizes the current knowledge concerning the presentation and management of skin toxicity from EGFRI. The common dermatologic adverse events are papulopustules and xerosis. Less common findings are paronychia, regulatory abnormalities of hair growth, maculopapular rash, mucositis, and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. Radiation enhances EGFRI rash due to synergistic toxicity. There is a positive correlation between the occurrence and severity of cutaneous adverse effects and tumor response. To date, prophylactic systemic tetracycline and tetracycline class antibiotics have proven to be the most effective treatment regime.

  2. Prognosis and risk factors for deterioration in patients admitted to a medical emergency department

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Daniel Pilsgaard; Brabrand, Mikkel; Lassen, Annmarie Touborg

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Patients that initially appear stable on arrival to the hospital often have less intensive monitoring of their vital signs, possibly leading to excess mortality. The aim was to describe risk factors for deterioration in vital signs and the related prognosis among patients with normal...... presentation, 1440/4292 (33.6%) had all normal vital signs and were included in study, 44.0% were male, median age 64 years (5th/95th percentile: 21-90 years) and 446/1440 (31.0%) deteriorated within 24 hours. Independent risk factors for deterioration included age 65-84 years odds ratio (OR): 1.79 (95.......2-3.0%) among the non-deteriorating, hazard ratio 4.11 (95% CI: 2.38-7.10). CONCLUSIONS: Among acutely admitted medical patients who arrive with normal vital signs, 31.0% showed signs of deterioration within 24 hours. Risk factors included old age, Do-not-attempt-to-resuscitate order, admission from the open...

  3. RISK FACTORS AND PROGNOSIS OF EPILEPSY IN CHILDREN WITH HEMIPARETIC CEREBRAL PALSY

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    Seyyed Hassan TONEKABONI

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstractObjectiveEpilepsy is reported in 15-90% of the children with Cerebral Palsy (CP but its clinical course is not well defined.We conducted a retrospective study on children with hemiparetic CP who were referred to Pediatric Neurology Department of Mofid Hospital. The aim of our study was to evaluate the risk factors and prognosis of epilepsy in children with hemiparetic CP.Materials & MethodsWe evaluated 64 children with hemiparetic CP who were referred to Pediatric Neurology Department of Mofid Hospital between 2006 and 2008.According to our protocol, patients were divided into two groups: 34 children in the case group (hemiparetic patients with epilepsy and 30 children in the control group (hemiparetic patients without epilepsy.ResultsPrenatal, perinatal and postnatal events, maternal age at the time of delivery, socioeconomic status of the family, familial history of epilepsy, neuroimaging findings, side of the hemiparesia and age at diagnosis of hemiparesis were not considered as risk factors for epilepsy in hemiparetic children, but microcephaly, severity of hemiparetic CP and mental retardation were significantly associated with an increased risk of epilepsy in children with hemiparetic CP.ConclusionOur study showed that microcephaly, severity of hemiparesis and mental retardation were risk factors for developing epilepsy in children with hemiparetic CP; furthermore, they had negative effects on rehabilitation outcome in these patients.

  4. RISK FACTORS AND PROGNOSIS OF EPILEPSY IN CHILDREN WITH HEMIPARETIC CEREBRAL PALSY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parvaneh KARIMZADEH

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveEpilepsy is reported in 15-90% of the children with Cerebral Palsy (CP but its clinical course is not well defined.We conducted a retrospective study on children with hemiparetic CP who were referred to Pediatric Neurology Department of Mofid Hospital. The aim of our study was to evaluate the risk factors and prognosis of epilepsy in children with hemiparetic CP.Materials & MethodsWe evaluated 64 children with hemiparetic CP who were referred to Pediatric Neurology Department of Mofid Hospital between 2006 and 2008.According to our protocol, patients were divided into two groups: 34 children in the case group (hemiparetic patients with epilepsy and 30 children in the control group (hemiparetic patients without epilepsy.ResultsPrenatal, perinatal and postnatal events, maternal age at the time of delivery, socioeconomic status of the family, familial history of epilepsy, neuroimaging findings, side of the hemiparesia and age at diagnosis of hemiparesis were not considered as risk factors for epilepsy in hemiparetic children, but microcephaly, severity of hemiparetic CP and mental retardation were significantly associated with an increased risk of epilepsy in children with hemiparetic CP.ConclusionOur study showed that microcephaly, severity of hemiparesis and mental retardation were risk factors for developing epilepsy in children with hemiparetic CP; furthermore, they had negative effects on rehabilitation outcome in these patients.Keyword:Hemiparetic Cerebral Palsy, Epilepsy, Children, Microcephaly, Mental Retardation

  5. Factors predicting occurrence and prognosis of hepatitis-B-virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi-Fang Han; Jun Zhao; Li-Ye Ma; Jian-Hua Yin; Wen-Jun Chang; Hong-Wei Zhang; Guang-Wen Cao

    2011-01-01

    Primary liver cancer is an important cause of cancer death,and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 70%-85% of total liver cancer worldwide.Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection contributes to > 75% of HCC cases.High serum viral load is the most reliable indicator of viral replication in predicting development of HCC.HBV genotype C is closely associated with HCC in cirrhotic patients aged > 50 years,whereas genotype B is associated with development of HCC in non-cirrhotic young patients and postoperative relapse of HCC.Different HBV subgenotypes have distinct patterns of mutations,which are clearly associated with increased risk of HCC.Mutations accumulate during chronic HBV infection and predict occurrence of HCC.Chronic inflammation leads to increased frequency of viral mutation via cellular cytidine deaminase induction.Mutations are negatively selected by host immunity,whereas some immuno-escaped HBV mutants are active in hepatocarcinogenesis.Inflammatory pathways contribute to the inflammation-necrosis-regeneration process,ultimately HCC.Their hallmark molecules can predict malignancy in HBV-infected subjects.Continuing inflammation is involved in hepatocarcinogenesis and closely related to recurrence and metastasis.HBV load,genotype C,viral mutations and expression of inflammatory molecules in HBV-related HCC tissues are significantly associated with poor prognosis.Imbalance between intratumoral CD8+ T cells and regulatory T cells or Th1 and Th2 cytokines in peritumoral tissues can predict prognosis of HBV-related HCC.These factors are important for developing active prevention and surveillance of HBV-infected subjects who are more likely to develop HCC,or for tailoring suitable treatment to improve survival or postpone postoperative recurrence of HCC.

  6. Lung cancer associated hypercalcemia: An analysis of factors influencing survival and prognosis in 34 cases

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    Su-jie ZHANG

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives  To explore the factors influencing survival time in lung cancer associated hypercalcemia patients. Methods  Thirty-four patients with pathologically confirmed lung cancer complicated with hypercalcemia, who were treated at the Department of Oncology in General Hospital of PLA from Jan. 2001 to Dec. 2010, were enrolled in this study. The clinical data analyzed included sex, age, pathological type of the malignancies, organ metastasis (bone, lung, liver, kidney, brain, number of distal metastatic site, mental status, interval between final diagnosis of lung cancer and of hypercalcemia, peak value of blood calcium during the disease course, treatment methods and so on. Survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox analysis with statistic software SPSS 18.0 to identify the potential prognostic factors. Results  The highest blood calcium level ranged from 2.77 to 4.87mmol/L, and the median value was 2.94mmol/L. The patients' survival time after diagnosis of hypercalcemia varied from 1 day to 1067 days, and the median survival time was 92 days. With the log-rank test, age above 50 years old, hypercalcemia occurring over 90 days after diagnosis of cancer, central nervous system symptoms and renal metastasis were predictors for poor survival (P=0.048, P=0.001, P=0.000, P=0.003. In the COX proportional hazard model analysis, age above 50 years old, hypercalcemia occurring over 90 days after cancer diagnosis, central nervous system symptoms and renal metastasis were significant prognostic factors for poor survival (HR=11.483, P=0.006; HR=4.371, P=0.002; HR=6.064, P=0.026; HR=8.502, P=0.011. Conclusions  Patients with lung cancer associated hypercalcemia have a shorter survival time and poor prognosis. Age above 50 years old, hypercalcemia occurring over 90 days after cancer diagnosis, central nervous system symptoms and renal metastasis are significant factors of poor prognosis.

  7. Causal Factors Influencing Adversity Quotient of Twelfth Grade and Third-Year Vocational Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pangma, Rachapoom; Tayraukham, Sombat; Nuangchalerm, Prasart

    2009-01-01

    Problem statement: The aim of this research was to study the causal factors influencing students' adversity between twelfth grade and third-year vocational students in Sisaket province, Thailand. Six hundred and seventy two of twelfth grade and 376 third-year vocational students were selected by multi-stage random sampling techniques. Approach:…

  8. Risk factors for adverse outcome in preterm infants with periventricular hemorrhagic infarction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roze, Elise; Kerstjens, Jorien M.; Maathuis, Carel G. B.; ter Horst, Hendrik J.; Bos, Arend F.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. Our objective was to identify risk factors that were associated with mortality and adverse neurologic outcome at 18 months of age in preterm infants with periventricular hemorrhagic infarction. METHODS. This was a retrospective cohort study of all preterm infants who were <37 weeks' gesta

  9. A Clinical Investigation into the Factors Influencing the Prognosis of Patients with Primary Liver Cancer after Hepatectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Xi-qing; Li Chao-long; Sheng Xing-hua

    2005-01-01

    Objective To explore the factors influencing the prognosis of patients with primary liver cancer(PLC) after hepatectomy on purpose to provide the preventive measures for improving the long-term effect.Methods All of the 189 patients who underwent hepatectomy with PLC from May,1994 to January,1998 were included by reviewing their clinical pathological characteristics and treatments. Totally, 22 factors contributed to the long-term survival rate(SR)and the disease-free SR were analysed . All patients were followed up at least 5 years. Results The 3- and 5-year cumulative SRs in the total group were 63% and 45% respectively. The 3- and 5-year SRs and disease-free SRs in the curative resection (CR) group (n=162) were 67%,47%,and 45% and 26% respectively. It was showed that the way by which a tumor was found, tumor size, portal thrombi, satellite nodule, cirrhosis type, TNM stage, tumor envelope, recurrence and treatment, vascular exclusion and transfusion, differentiation grade and CR were prognostic factors by individual variable analysis. A multivariable analysis showed that CR , tumor size and reoperation were significant factors associated with the prognosis. Conclusion The type of CR and tumor size are determinants influencing the prognosis. Early diagnosis of small carcinoma and CR as soon as possible is essential to improving the prognosis of PLC. Avoiding transfusion and controlling the progress of cirrhosis are expected to improve the disease-free SR.

  10. The role of ADHD in academic adversity: disentangling ADHD effects from other personal and contextual factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Andrew J

    2014-12-01

    Students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience significant academic difficulties that can lead to numerous negative academic consequences. With a focus on adverse academic outcomes, this study seeks to disentangle variance attributable to ADHD from variance attributable to salient personal and contextual covariates. Responses from 136 students with ADHD and 3,779 non-ADHD peers from 9 high schools were analyzed using logistic regression. Dependent measures included academic failure, grade repetition, school refusal, changing classes and school, school exclusion, and schoolwork noncompletion. Covariates comprised personal (e.g., sociodemographics, personality, prior achievement, specific learning disabilities, motivation) and contextual (e.g., school size, school socioeconomic status, school average achievement) factors. Findings indicated that, after accounting for personal and contextual covariates, ADHD explained significant variance in numerous adversities (schoolwork noncompletion, school suspension, school expulsion, changing schools, grade repetition). Thus, beyond the effects of numerous personal and contextual covariates, ADHD has a distinct presence in students' academic adversity. Also interesting, after accounting for other personal and contextual factors, was academic adversity with which ADHD was not associated. Findings provide direction for educational intervention targeting ADHD and associated factors found to be significant in the study. PMID:24820011

  11. Risk factors for recurrence and prognosis of low-grade endometrial adenocarcinoma; vaginal versus other sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moschiano, Elizabeth J; Barbuto, Denise A; Walsh, Christine; Singh, Kanwaljit; Euscher, Elizabeth D; Roma, Andres A; Ali-Fehmi, Rouba; Frauenhoffer, Elizabeth E; Montiel, Delia P; Kim, Insun; Djordjevic, Bojana; Malpica, Anais; Hong, Sung Ran; Silva, Elvio G

    2014-05-01

    Endometrial adenocarcinoma is the most common gynecologic cancer in the United States. The prognosis is generally favorable, however, a significant number of patients do develop local or distant recurrence. The most common site of recurrence is vaginal. Our aim was to better characterize patients with vaginal recurrence of low-grade endometrioid adenocarcinoma with respect to associated tumor parameters and clinical outcome. We compiled 255 cases of low-grade (FIGO Grade I or II) endometrioid adenocarcinoma on hysterectomy specimens with lymph node dissection. A total of 113 cases with positive lymph nodes or recurrent disease were included in our study group. Seventy-three cases (13 Grade 1, 60 Grade 2) developed extravaginal recurrence and 40 cases (7 Grade 1, 33 Grade 2) developed vaginal recurrence. We evaluated numerous tumor parameters including: percentage myoinvasion, presence of microcystic, elongated, and fragmented pattern of myoinvasion, lymphovascular space invasion, and cervical involvement. Clinical follow-up showed that 30% (34/113) of all patients with recurrent disease died as a result of their disease during our follow-up period, including 31 (42.5%) with extravaginal recurrence and 3 (7.5%) with primary vaginal recurrence (P=0.001). The 3 patients with vaginal recurrence developed subsequent extravaginal recurrence before death. Vaginal recurrence patients show increased cervical involvement by tumor, but lack other risk factors associated with recurrent disease at other sites. There were no deaths among patients with isolated vaginal recurrence, suggesting that vaginal recurrence is not a marker of aggressive tumor biology.

  12. Adverse events of anti-tumor necrosis factor α therapy in ankylosing spondylitis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiang Tong

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the prevalence of short-term and long-term adverse events associated with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α blocker treatment in Chinese Han patients suffering from ankylosing spondylitis (AS.The study included 402 Chinese Han AS patients treated with TNF-α blockers. Baseline data was collected. All patients were monitored for adverse events 2 hours following administration. Long-term treatment was evaluated at 8, 12, 52 and 104 weeks follow-up for 172 patients treated with TNF-α blockers.Short-term adverse events occurred in 20.15% (81/402, including rash (3.5%; 14/402, pruritus (1.2%; 5/402, nausea (2.2%; 9/402, headache (0.7%; 3/402, skin allergies (4.0%; 16/402, fever (0.5%; 2/402, palpitations (3.0%; 12/402, dyspnea (0.5%; 2/402, chest pain (0.2%; 1/402, [corrected] abdominal pain (1.0%; 4/402, hypertension (2.2%; 9/402, papilledema (0.5%; 2/402, laryngeal edema (0.2%; 1/402 and premature ventricular contraction (0.2%; 1/402. Long-term adverse events occurred in 59 (34.3%; 59/172 patients, including pneumonia (7.6%; 13/172, urinary tract infections (9.9%; 17/172, otitis media (4.7%; 8/172, tuberculosis are (3.5%; 6/172 [corrected], abscess (1.2%; 2/172, oral candidiasis (0.6%; 1/172, elevation of transaminase (1.7%; 3/172, anemia (1.2%; 2/172, hematuresis (0.6%; 1/172, constipation (2.3%; 4/172, weight loss (0.6%; 1/172, exfoliative dermatitis (0.6%; 1/172. CRP, ESR and disease duration were found to be associated with an increased risk of immediate and long-term adverse events (P<0.05. Long-term treatment with Infliximab was associated with more adverse events than rhTNFR-Fc (P<0.01.This study reports on the prevalence of adverse events in short-term and long-term treatment with TNF-α blocker monotherapy in Chinese Han AS patients. Duration of disease, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and c-reactive protein serum levels were found to be associated with increased adverse events with anti-TNF-α therapy. Long

  13. Self-immolation and its adverse life-events risk factors: results from an Iranian population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Ahmadi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Background: Despite considerable loss of life by deliberate self-burning in low and middle-income countries, few scholars have examined psychiatric factors such as adverse life events that may be related to self-immolation. Methods: This case-control study investigated adverse life-events as risk factors for self-immolation patients admitted to a burn center serving the western region of Iran. Variables inves-tigated included the following adverse life-events: unplanned pregnancy, infertility, homelessness, financial hardship, problems with friends, intimate relationship break-up , school or university failure, anxiety about school/university performance, problems at work, personal history of suicide attempts, family history of suicide attempts, individual history of mental disorders, and malignant disease. Results: Financial hardship (OR=3.35, 95% CI=1.19-9.90, intimate relationship break-up (OR=5.45, 95% CI=1.20-11.99, and personal history of suicide attempts (OR=7.00, 95% CI=1.38-35.48 were associated with increased risk of self-immolation. Conclusions: This study suggests that financial hardship, intimate relationship break-ups, and personal history of suicide attempts are risk factors for self-immolation. Other variables studied did not play a role as individually protective or risk factors for self-immolation. Further study is needed to substantiate findings of this study and direct research toward tailoring culturally sensitive, empirically-supported interventions for prevention of self-immolation.

  14. Prognosis factors and characteristics of tumor recurrences in adults treated for a medulloblastoma; Facteurs pronostiques et caracteristiques des rechutes tumorales chez des adultes traites pour un medulloblastome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chargari, C.; Feuvret, L.; Levy, A.; Lamproglou, I.; Assouline, A.; Lopez, S.; Lang, P.; Simon, J.M.; Mazeron, J.J. [Hopital Pitie-Salpetriere, 75 - Paris (France); Vedrine, L. [Hopital Val-de-Grace, 75 - Paris (France)

    2009-10-15

    The quality of resection is a major prognosis factor. The systematic postoperative MRI allows a precise selection of patients with standard risk medulloblastomas for which the only radiotherapy allows an excellent local control. The radiotherapy stopping and the delay are prognosis factors of neurology recurrence. (N.C.)

  15. Adverse Childhood Experiences and Adult Risk Factors for Age-Related Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danese, Andrea; Moffitt, Terrie E.; Harrington, HonaLee; Milne, Barry J.; Polanczyk, Guilherme; Pariante, Carmine M.; Poulton, Richie; Caspi, Avshalom

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand why children exposed to adverse psychosocial experiences are at elevated risk for age-related disease, such as cardiovascular disease, by testing whether adverse childhood experiences predict enduring abnormalities in stress-sensitive biological systems, namely, the nervous, immune, and endocrine/metabolic systems. Design A 32-year prospective longitudinal study of a representative birth cohort. Setting New Zealand. Participants A total of 1037 members of the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study. Main Exposures During their first decade of life, study members were assessed for exposure to 3 adverse psychosocial experiences: socioeconomic disadvantage, maltreatment, and social isolation. Main Outcome Measures At age 32 years, study members were assessed for the presence of 3 age-related-disease risks: major depression, high inflammation levels (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level >3 mg/L), and the clustering of metabolic risk biomarkers (overweight, high blood pressure, high total cholesterol, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high glycated hemoglobin, and low maximum oxygen consumption levels. Results Children exposed to adverse psychosocial experiences were at elevated risk of depression, high inflammation levels, and clustering of metabolic risk markers. Children who had experienced socioeconomic disadvantage (incidence rate ratio, 1.89; 95% confidence interval, 1.36–2.62), maltreatment (1.81; 1.38–2.38), or social isolation (1.87; 1.38–2.51) had elevated age-related-disease risks in adulthood. The effects of adverse childhood experiences on age-related-disease risks in adulthood were nonredundant, cumulative, and independent of the influence of established developmental and concurrent risk factors. Conclusions Children exposed to adverse psychosocial experiences have enduring emotional, immune, and metabolic abnormalities that contribute to explaining their elevated risk for age-related disease. The

  16. Incidence, risk factors, treatment and prognosis of popliteal artery embolization in the superficial femoral artery interventions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weiwei Wu

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTA + stent has gained acceptance as a primary treatment modality for the superficial femoral artery (SFA diseases. Popliteal artery embolization (PAE is a severe complication in SFA interventions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, treatment and prognosis of PAE in primary SFA PTA + stent. METHODS: Chronic SFA arteriosclerosis cases that underwent primary PTA + stent were reviewed from a retrospectively maintained database. Runoff vessels were evaluated in all cases before and after the interventions for PAE detection. The primary patency, secondary patency and limb salvage rates were calculated using Kaplan-Meier analysis and compared using log-rank analysis. Cox multivariate regression was performed to evaluate predictors of patency and limb salvage rates. RESULTS: There were 436 lesions treated in 388 patients with 10 PAE events (2.3% in total. PAE rate was significantly higher in Transatlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC C/D group compared with TASC A/B group (OR = 8.91, P = .002, in chronic total occlusion (CTO lesions compared with stenotic lesions (P<.0001, and in group with history of cerebral ischemic stroke (OR = 6.11, P = .007. PAE rates were not significantly affected by age, sex, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and runoff status. The binary logistic regression showed that only the TASC C/D was an independent predictor of PAE (P = .031. The 12-month and 24-month primary patency, secondary patency and limb salvage rates in PAE group showed no significant differences comparing with non-PAE group. CONCLUSIONS: PAE is a rare event in primary SFA PTA + stent. TASC C/D lesion, CTO and cerebral ischemic stroke history are risk factors for PAE. PAE is typically reversible by comprehensive techniques. If the popliteal flow is restored in time, PAE has no significant effect on long-term patency and limb

  17. Circulating angiogenic factors and urinary prolactin as predictors of adverse outcomes in women with preeclampsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leaños-Miranda, Alfredo; Campos-Galicia, Inova; Ramírez-Valenzuela, Karla Leticia; Chinolla-Arellano, Zarela Lizbeth; Isordia-Salas, Irma

    2013-05-01

    Preeclampsia is characterized by an imbalance in angiogenic factors. Urinary prolactin (PRL) levels and its antiangiogenic PRL fragments have been associated with disease severity. In this study, we assessed whether these biomarkers are associated with an increased risk of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in preeclamptic women. We studied 501 women with preeclampsia attended at a tertiary care hospital. Serum concentrations of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), placental growth factor (PlGF), and soluble endoglin (sEng), as well as urinary PRL levels, were measured by enzymed-linked immunosorbent assay. Antiangiogenic PRL fragments were determined by immunoblotting. The risk for any adverse maternal outcome and for having a small-for-gestational-age infant was higher among women with sFlt-1/PlGF ratios, sEng, and urinary PRL level values in the highest quartile (odds ratios ≥ 2.7), compared with the lowest quartile. Both urinary PRL levels and the presence of antiangiogenic PRL fragments were more closely associated with the risk of specific adverse maternal outcomes (placental abruption, hepatic hematoma or rupture, acute renal failure, pulmonary edema, maternal death, and need for endotracheal intubation, positive inotropic drug support, and hemodialysis; odds ratios ≥ 5.7 and ≥ 4.7, respectively) than either sFlt-1/PlGF ratio or sEng alone. We concluded that in preeclamptic women at the time of initial evaluation, sFlt-1/PlGF ratio and sEng are associated with increased risk of combined adverse maternal outcomes. However, urinary PRL concentrations and its antiangiogenic fragments appear to be better predictors of an adverse maternal outcome and may be useful for risk stratification in preeclampsia. PMID:23460287

  18. Expression of transforming growth factors in hepatocellular carcinoma and its relations with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yun Lu; Li-Qun Wu; Chang-Sheng Li; Shou-Guang Wang; Bing Han

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Transforming growth factors (TGF)-β1, TGF-βR2 and Smad4 belong to the TGF family, and play important roles in carcinogenesis and the development of carcinoma, especially hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TGF-β1 is a multipotent polypeptide, which inhibits the growth of epithelial cells including hepatoma cell lines and hepatocytes by inducing apoptosis. TGF-βR2 forms a heterodimeric complex upon binding to TGF-β, and then generates the ifrst step in the signal transduction pathway leading to growth inhibition in coordination with the type 1 receptor. Smad4 protein is an important mediator in the TGF-β signaling pathway, and negatively regulates the growth of epithelial cells. This study aimed to detect the expression of TGF-β1, TGF-βR2 and Smad4 in HCCs and their adjacent normal tissues, while assessing its relations with the clinicopathological parameters of HCC. METHODS:Forty-seven HCC specimens and their adjacent normal tissues were obtained surgically at the Afifliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University. The expression of TGF-β1, TGF-βR2 and Smad4 was separately detected by immunohistochemistry in all HCC specimens and their adjacent normal tissues, and its relations with the clinicopathological parameters of HCC were assessed. RESULTS:The positive expression of TGF-β1 was 72.34%in the HCC specimens, which was higher than that in the adjacent normal tissues (P CONCLUSIONS:TGF-β1 may play an important role in the occurrence and development of HCC. Combined detection of TGF-β1, TGF-βR2 and Smad4 may be useful for the determination of the degree of malignancy and the prognosis of HCC.

  19. Analysis of Prognosis and Prognostic Factors of Cervical Adenocarcinoma and Adenosqumous Carcinoma of the Cervix

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guangwen Yuan; Lingying Wu; Xiaoguang Li; Manni Huang

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze clinical characteristics and treatment methods of the patients with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix (AUC) and adenosquamous carcinoma of the cervix (ASCC). To compare the survival time of the patients in 2 groups and analyze the prognostic factors.METHODS Clinical data of both 123 patients with AUC and 32 patients with ASCC treated at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science (CAMS) & Peking Union Medical College (PUMC), were retrospectively analyzed.RESULTS The median age of the AUC patients was 50 years, and that of the ASCC patients was 44, P = 0.019. Poorly-differentiated (grade 3) cases accounted for 59.5% of the total ASCC patients,while only 32.5% of the AUC patients were in grade 3, P = 0.002.In 123 AUC patients, relapse or failure of the treatment occurred in 63 of the patients (51.2%), and the median relapse time was 6 months (0-59 months). In 32 ASCC patients, relapse or failure of the treatment occurred in 8 of these patients (51.2%), with a median relapse time of 4.5 months (0-52 months). The overall 5-year survival rate of the AUC patients was 49.8%, which was significantly lower than that of the ASCC patients (74.1%), P =0.015. The 5-year survival rates of the ASCC patients in Stage Ⅰ-Ⅲ were higher than that of the AUC patients with the same stages.However, statistical significant difference could only be found among the patients in Stage Ⅱ, P = 0.006. The 5-year survival rates of the ASCC patients with various differential grade were higher than those of the AUC patients with the same differential grade,but statistical significant difference could only be found among the patients in the two groups with moderately differentiation,P = 0.039. It was found by Cox regression analysis that only clinical stage (P < 0.001) and histological type (P = 0.046) were the independent prognostic factors.CONCLUSION Clinical stage and histological type were the independent prognostic factors of the AUC and ASCC patients

  20. Predisposing factors, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of cerebral venous thrombosis during pregnancy and postpartum: a case-control study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Hui; YANG Bao-jun; JIN Li-ping; JIA Xiao-fang

    2011-01-01

    Background Previous investigations have demonstrated a relatively low incidence of stroke among young women,though both pregnancy and delivery can substantially increase the risk.Cerebral venous thrombosis may manifest different characteristics during pregnancy and postpartum as a result of their specific physiological statuses.This study aimed to identify the clinical manifestations,diagnosis,treatment,and prognosis of cerebral venous thrombosis during pregnancy and postpartum.Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of 22 patients with cerebral venous thrombosis who were assigned to either group A (during pregnancy) or group B (during postpartum).The relevant risk factors,initiation and development of the disease,clinical presentations,diagnosis,treatment,and prognosis were compared between the two stages.Results Cerebral venous thrombosis occurred during both pregnancy and postpartum,but was more common postpartum.Patients in group A had a longer hospitalization period than those in group B.Confirmed predisposing factors in 85.7% of patients of group A were dehydration,infection,and underlying cerebrovascular disorders.No obvious predisposing factors were identified in group B.The most frequent symptom was headache,with epileptic seizures,hemiparalysis and aphasia being less frequent symptoms.Focal neurological symptoms (P=0.022) and cerebral infarction (P=0.014) occurred more frequently in group A than in group B.Anticoagulation therapy proved to be safe for cerebral venous thrombosis patients during puerperium,regardless of parenchymal hemorrhage.However,more attention should be paid to spontaneous in-site placental hemorrhage in pregnant patients.Both groups had similar prognoses (P=1.000),with 36.3% patients suffering from consequential dysfunction or recurrent intracranial hypertension.Delayed diagnosis was associated with a poorer prognosis.Conclusions Cerebral venous thrombosis manifests different clinical characteristics during pregnancy and

  1. Transarterial Chemoembolization for Hepatocellular Carcinomas with Central Bile Duct Invasion: Safety, Prognosis, and Predictive Factors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jin Woo; Chung, Jin Wook, E-mail: chungjw@snu.ac.kr [Seoul National University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Yun Ku [VHS Medical Center, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yoon Jun; Yoon, Jung-Hwan [Seoul National University Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyo-Cheol; Jae, Hwan Jun [Seoul National University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-08-15

    PurposeTo assess the safety and effectiveness of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) of patients who have hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) with central bile duct invasion.Materials and MethodsThe institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived informed consent. Fifty-three patients, initially treated with TACE for HCCs with central bile duct invasion from January 1999 to September 2012, were included. Clinical, laboratory, and survival data were reviewed. Complications and hospitalization length were evaluated using the χ{sup 2} test, Fisher’s exact test, and logistic regression analysis. Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan–Meier method with log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard model.ResultsSeven patients experienced TACE-related major complications (severe post-embolization syndrome in 3, non-fatal sepsis in 3, and secondary bacterial peritonitis in 1). The overall major complication rate was 13.2 %, but there were no permanent adverse sequelae or deaths within 30 days. Serum total bilirubin ≥3.0 mg/dL was the only significant risk factor for long hospitalization [hazard ratio (HR) = 4.341, p = .022]. The median survival was 12.2 months. Extrahepatic metastasis (HR = 6.145, p < .001), international normalized ratio (PT-INR) ≥1.20 (HR = 4.564, p < .001), vascular invasion (HR = 3.484, p = .001), and intermediate tumor enhancement (HR = 2.417, p = .019) were significantly associated with shorter survival.ConclusionTACE can be a safe and effective treatment for patients who have HCCs with central bile duct invasion. In particular, long-term survival can be expected if patients have strongly enhancing tumors without poor prognostic factors such as extrahepatic metastasis, PT-INR prolongation, and vascular invasion.

  2. Transarterial Chemoembolization for Hepatocellular Carcinomas with Central Bile Duct Invasion: Safety, Prognosis, and Predictive Factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PurposeTo assess the safety and effectiveness of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) of patients who have hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) with central bile duct invasion.Materials and MethodsThe institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived informed consent. Fifty-three patients, initially treated with TACE for HCCs with central bile duct invasion from January 1999 to September 2012, were included. Clinical, laboratory, and survival data were reviewed. Complications and hospitalization length were evaluated using the χ2 test, Fisher’s exact test, and logistic regression analysis. Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan–Meier method with log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard model.ResultsSeven patients experienced TACE-related major complications (severe post-embolization syndrome in 3, non-fatal sepsis in 3, and secondary bacterial peritonitis in 1). The overall major complication rate was 13.2 %, but there were no permanent adverse sequelae or deaths within 30 days. Serum total bilirubin ≥3.0 mg/dL was the only significant risk factor for long hospitalization [hazard ratio (HR) = 4.341, p = .022]. The median survival was 12.2 months. Extrahepatic metastasis (HR = 6.145, p < .001), international normalized ratio (PT-INR) ≥1.20 (HR = 4.564, p < .001), vascular invasion (HR = 3.484, p = .001), and intermediate tumor enhancement (HR = 2.417, p = .019) were significantly associated with shorter survival.ConclusionTACE can be a safe and effective treatment for patients who have HCCs with central bile duct invasion. In particular, long-term survival can be expected if patients have strongly enhancing tumors without poor prognostic factors such as extrahepatic metastasis, PT-INR prolongation, and vascular invasion

  3. Liver dysfunction assessed by model for end-stage liver disease excluding INR (MELD-XI scoring system predicts adverse prognosis in heart failure.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satoshi Abe

    Full Text Available AIMS: Liver dysfunction due to heart failure (HF is often referred to as cardiac or congestive hepatopathy. The composite Model for End-Stage Liver Disease excluding INR (MELD-XI is a robust scoring system of liver function, and a high score is associated with poor prognosis in advanced HF patients with a heart transplantation and/or ventricular assist device. However, the impact of MELD-XI on the prognosis of HF patients in general remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analyzed 562 patients who were admitted to our hospital for the treatment of decompensated HF. A MELD-XI score was graded, and patients were divided into two groups based on the median value of MELD-XI score: Group L (MELD-XI <10, n = 289 and Group H (MELD-XI ≥10, n = 273. We compared all-cause mortality and echocardiographic findings between the two groups. In the follow-up period (mean 471 days, 104 deaths (62 cardiac deaths and 42 non-cardiac deaths were observed. The event (cardiac death, non-cardiac death, all-cause death-free rate was significantly higher in group L than in group H (logrank P<0.05, respectively. In the Cox proportional hazard analysis, a high MELD-XI score was found to be an independent predictor of cardiac deaths and all-cause mortality in HF patients. Regarding echocardiographic parameters, right atrial and ventricular areas, inferior vena cava diameter, and systolic pulmonary artery pressure were higher in group H than in group L (P<0.05, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The MELD-XI scoring system, a marker of liver function, can identify high-risk patients with right heart volume overload, higher pulmonary arterial pressure and multiple organ failure associated with HF.

  4. Causal Factors Influencing Adversity Quotient of Twelfth Grade and Third-Year Vocational Students

    OpenAIRE

    Rachapoom Pangma; Sombat Tayraukham; Prasart Nuangchalerm

    2009-01-01

    Problem statement: The aim of this research was to study the causal factors influencing students adversity between twelfth grade and third-year vocational students in Sisaket province, Thailand. Six hundred and seventy two of twelfth grade and 376 third-year vocational students were selected by multi-stage random sampling techniques. Approach: The instruments used for collecting data were: A scale on self-esteem, a scale on dominance, a scale on self-confidence, a scale on sense of personal f...

  5. ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS: FACTORS AND ROLE OF PHARMACIST IN THEIR PREVENTION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bushra, Rabia; Baloch, Saba Ajaz; Jabeen, Aisha; Bano, Nusrat; Aslam, Nousheen

    2015-01-01

    Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are the undesirable effects of drugs even when administered in daily normal doses. It has been seen that ADRs may arise even after single administration of drug(s), however, long term therapies are more prone to ADRs. Currently it has become a burning issue all around the world and connected with financial expansion owing to hospitalization. Pharmacists are the custodians of drugs especially clinical pharmacists play a vital role in preventing the risks of ADRs. This review deals with the factors leading to possible ADRs, its prevention and the role of pharmacist in management of ADRs.

  6. Parental exposure at periconception to environmental adverse factors and early embryo loss in Tianjin, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hou Hai-yan; Wang Dan; Yang Zhen-hua; Zou Xiao-ping; Chen Ya-qiong

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To study the association of environmental adverse factors with early embryo loss, and explore the possible risk factors in daily life. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 93 new cases of embryo loss (case group) collected in four general hospitals in Tianjin from April 2007 to April 2008 and 93 matched cases of induced abortion (control group) in normal pregnant women who sought the abortion by other reasons. The questionnaire covered information on parental exposure to various environmental factors during and before pregnancy, and the information on daily life. Data were analyzed by single-factor analysis, multiple linear regression and logistic regression analysis. Possible risk factors were identified and odds ratio calculated.Results: Cooking frequently during pregnancy, more daily traffic hours, and decoration history in early pregnancy and paternal exposure to toxic matters three months before pregnancy were associated with early embryo loss, while maternal education was a protective factor. Conclusion: Women exposed to the harmful substances from traffic emissions, cooking and decoration could be at an increased risk of early embryo loss.

  7. Cytosolic phospholipase A2-alpha expression in breast cancer is associated with EGFR expression and correlates with an adverse prognosis in luminal tumours.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Caiazza, F

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: The eicosanoid signalling pathway promotes the progression of malignancies through the production of proliferative prostaglandins (PGs). Cytosolic phospholipase A(2)alpha (cPLA(2)alpha) activity provides the substrate for cyclooxygenase-dependent PG release, and we have previously found that cPLA(2)alpha expression correlated with EGFR\\/HER2 over-expression in a small number of breast cancer cell lines. METHODS: The importance of differential cPLA(2)alpha activity in clinical breast cancer was established by relating the expression of cPLA(2)alpha in tissue samples from breast cancer patients, and two microarray-based gene expression datasets to different clinicopathological and therapeutic parameters. RESULTS: High cPLA(2)alpha mRNA expression correlated with clinical parameters of poor prognosis, which are characteristic of highly invasive tumours of the HER2-positive and basal-like subtype, including low oestrogen receptor expression and high EGFR expression. High cPLA(2)alpha expression decreased overall survival in patients with luminal cancers, and correlated with a reduced effect of tamoxifen treatment. The cPLA(2)alpha expression was an independent predictive parameter of poor response to endocrine therapy in the first 5 years of follow-up. CONCLUSION: This study shows a role of cPLA(2)alpha in luminal breast cancer progression, in which the enzyme could represent a novel therapeutic target and a predictive marker.

  8. Concurrent radiotherapy and intrathecal methotrexate for treating leptomeningeal metastasis from solid tumors with adverse prognostic factors: A prospective and single-arm study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Zhenyu; Yang, Guozi; He, Hua; Zhao, Gang; Yuan, Tingting; Li, Yu; Shi, Weiyan; Gao, Pengxiang; Dong, Lihua; Li, Yunqian

    2016-10-15

    The prognosis of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) from solid tumors is extremely poor, especially for patients with adverse prognostic factors. In this phase II clinical trial, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of intrathecal chemotherapy (IC) combined with concomitant involved-field radiotherapy (IF-RT) for treating LM from solid tumors with adverse prognostic factors. Fifty-nine patients with LM from various solid tumors were enrolled between May 2010 and December 2014. Concurrent therapy consisted of concomitant IC (methotrexate 12.5-15 mg and dexamethasone 5 mg, weekly) and IF-RT (whole brain and/or spinal canal RT, 40 Gy/20f). For patients with low Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score and radiotherapy intolerance, induction IC (1-3 times) was given before concurrent therapy. Thirty-eight patients (64.4%) received subsequent treatments. All patients were followed up at least 6 months after LM diagnosis or until death. Primary endpoint evaluated was clinical response rate. Secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and safety. The pathological types included lung cancer (n = 42), breast cancer (n = 11) and others (n = 6). Median KPS score was 40 (range 20-70). Fifty-one patients (86.4%) completed concurrent therapy. The overall response rate was 86.4% (51/59). OS ranged from 0.4 to 36.7 months (median 6.5 months), and 1-year-survival rate was 21.3%. Treatment-related adverse events mainly included acute meningitis, chronic-delayed encephalopathy, radiculitis, myelosuppression and mucositis. Twelve patients (20.3%) had grade III-V toxic reactions. We concluded that IC combined with concomitant IF-RT, with significant efficacy and acceptable toxicity, may be an optimal therapeutic option for treatment of LM from solid tumors with adverse prognostic factors. LM, in which cancer cells spread to membranes enveloping the brain and spinal cord, is a devastating complication of solid cancers. Existing LM therapies center on IC. In this prospective

  9. Concurrent radiotherapy and intrathecal methotrexate for treating leptomeningeal metastasis from solid tumors with adverse prognostic factors: A prospective and single-arm study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Zhenyu; Yang, Guozi; He, Hua; Zhao, Gang; Yuan, Tingting; Li, Yu; Shi, Weiyan; Gao, Pengxiang; Dong, Lihua; Li, Yunqian

    2016-10-15

    The prognosis of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) from solid tumors is extremely poor, especially for patients with adverse prognostic factors. In this phase II clinical trial, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of intrathecal chemotherapy (IC) combined with concomitant involved-field radiotherapy (IF-RT) for treating LM from solid tumors with adverse prognostic factors. Fifty-nine patients with LM from various solid tumors were enrolled between May 2010 and December 2014. Concurrent therapy consisted of concomitant IC (methotrexate 12.5-15 mg and dexamethasone 5 mg, weekly) and IF-RT (whole brain and/or spinal canal RT, 40 Gy/20f). For patients with low Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score and radiotherapy intolerance, induction IC (1-3 times) was given before concurrent therapy. Thirty-eight patients (64.4%) received subsequent treatments. All patients were followed up at least 6 months after LM diagnosis or until death. Primary endpoint evaluated was clinical response rate. Secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and safety. The pathological types included lung cancer (n = 42), breast cancer (n = 11) and others (n = 6). Median KPS score was 40 (range 20-70). Fifty-one patients (86.4%) completed concurrent therapy. The overall response rate was 86.4% (51/59). OS ranged from 0.4 to 36.7 months (median 6.5 months), and 1-year-survival rate was 21.3%. Treatment-related adverse events mainly included acute meningitis, chronic-delayed encephalopathy, radiculitis, myelosuppression and mucositis. Twelve patients (20.3%) had grade III-V toxic reactions. We concluded that IC combined with concomitant IF-RT, with significant efficacy and acceptable toxicity, may be an optimal therapeutic option for treatment of LM from solid tumors with adverse prognostic factors. LM, in which cancer cells spread to membranes enveloping the brain and spinal cord, is a devastating complication of solid cancers. Existing LM therapies center on IC. In this prospective

  10. Adverse drug events associated with vitamin K antagonists: factors of therapeutic imbalance

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    El-Helou N

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Nancy El-Helou, Amal Al-Hajje, Rola Ajrouche, Sanaa Awada, Samar Rachidi, Salam Zein, Pascale SalamehClinical and Epidemiological Research Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Beirut, LebanonBackground: Adverse drug events (ADE occur frequently during treatment with vitamin K antagonists (AVK and contribute to increase hemorrhagic risks.Methods: A retrospective study was conducted over a period of 2 years. Patients treated with AVK and admitted to the emergency room of a tertiary care hospital in Beirut were included. The aim of the study was to identify ADE characterized by a high international normalized ratio (INR and to determine the predictive factors responsible for these events. Statistical analysis was performed with the SPSS statistical package.Results: We included 148 patients. Sixty-seven patients (47.3% with an INR above the therapeutic range were identified as cases. The control group consisted of 81 patients (54.7% with an INR within the therapeutic range. Hemorrhagic complications were observed in 53.7% of cases versus 6.2% of controls (P < 0.0001. No significant difference was noticed between cases and controls regarding the indication and the dose of AVK. Patients aged over 75 years were more likely to present an INR above the therapeutic range (58.2%, P = 0.049. Recent infection was present in 40.3% of cases versus 6.2% of controls (P < 0.0001 and hypoalbuminemia in 37.3% of cases versus 6.1% of controls (P < 0.0001. Treatment with antibiotics, amiodarone, and anti-inflammatory drugs were also factors of imbalance (P < 0.0001.Conclusion: Many factors may be associated with ADE related to AVK. Monitoring of INR and its stabilization in the therapeutic range are important for preventing these events.Keywords: adverse drug events, vitamin K antagonists, bleeding risks, therapeutic imbalance

  11. Risk Factors and Adverse Events Poorly Predict Infections and Hypogammaglobulinemia in Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis Patients Receiving Rituximab

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    Emilio Besada

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. 29 GPA patients from the Northern Norway vasculitis disease registry received rituximab (RTX induction and maintenance. 24% and 31% had, respectively, severe and chronic infections while 45% had hypogammaglobulinemia and 28% discontinued RTX due to hypogammaglobulinemia. The aim of the study was to examine how known predictors and adverse events interacted with adverse events using structural statistical methods. Methods. Five predictors (age, cyclophosphamide, total Ig and CD4/CD8 ratio prior RTX, and type of RTX maintenance regimen and 4 adverse events (severe and chronic infections, hypogammaglobulinemia, and RTX discontinuation were modeled in principal component and redundancy analyses. Results. The 5 predictors explained 51% of the variance of the GPA cohort. Models including cyclophosphamide exposure and total Ig level predicted best adverse events. However total Ig level has low R squared. The 2 best combinations of adverse events explained 13% of the variance of the predictors and adverse events. Only chronic infections were associated with combination of all adverse events (P=0.014. Hypogammaglobulinemia did not seem associated with the other adverse events. Conclusions. Traditional risk factors for infections and hypogammaglobulinemia seemed to poorly predict adverse events in our GPA cohort.

  12. ACTUAL WAYS FOR OVERCOMING THE FACTORS ADVERSELY AFFECTING THE CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS’ HEALTH IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

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    N. N. Malyarchuk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes a widely discussed problem of the negative health dynamics of the growing generation, and points out the necessity of complex consideration of all the factors adversely affecting children’s health. The special emphasis is on the fallowing harmful factors: intensification of training process; discrepancy between the applied training methods and techniques on the one side, and children’s age, sex and functional specifics and capabilities on the other side; shortcomings in organizing children’s physical activities; limitations of the expositive illustrative methods for developing the healthy lifestyle habits. The other group of factors is related to the teaching style and professional characteristics of the teachers. They include the common practice of «stress» tactics; incompetence in health saving technologies; personal indisposition and psychological drawbacks. The situation is exacerbated by the absence of psychologists and pediatricians in educational institutions. The multilevel approach to solving the problems of students’ health preservation and promotion involves the elicitation of objective, subjective, inschool and out-of-school health determining factors. The paper denotes the actual ways of children’s health preservation at the level of related ministries, departments, and educational institutions.

  13. Evaluation of Peritonitis Incidence, Etiology, Associated Factors and Prognosis of Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

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    Nefise ÖZBALCI

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Peritonitis is the most important complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD. We evaluated the incidence of peritonitis, active microorganisms and their susceptibility profile and determine prognosis. MATERIAL and METHODS: One hundred fifty three PD patients were evaluated for aetiology, drug usage, accompanying disease, type, duration and personal preference for PD, care-giver, protein catabolic rate (PCR, residual urine volume, ultrafiltration volume, type of peritoneal membrane transport and baseline laboratory values. RESULTS: The incidence of peritonitis was 0,284 attack/patient/year. The most common organisms were coagulase negative staphylococci (18.3% followed by S. aureus (14.8% and gram-negative bacillus (13.1%. Peritonitis was more common in elderly, those with longer PD duration, low residual urine volume, patients with low PCR and hepatitis C. However, patients using erythropoietin and automated PD had low incidence of peritonitis compared to others. Mortality rate was higher in gram-negative and fungal peritonitis and prognosis was worse in gramnegative peritonitis CONCLUSION: Peritonitis incidence and aetiology were compatible with literature. One must be careful to protect residual renal function (RRF as peritonitis incidence was significantly reduced in patients with RRF. PCR values were significantly lower in peritonitis. Adequate protein intake and nutritional support may be important in this respect.

  14. Antiepileptic Drug-Related Adverse Reactions and Factors Influencing These Reactions

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    Parvaneh KARIMZADEH

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Karimzadeh P, Bakrani V. Antiepileptic Drug-Related Adverse Reactions And Factors Influencing These Reactions. Iran J Child Neurol. 2013 Summer; 7(3:23-27. ObjectiveAccording to the basic role of drug side effects in selection ofan appropriate drug, patient compliance and the quality of life inepileptic patients, and forasmuch as new dugs with unknown side effect have been produced and introduced, necessity of this research and similar studies is explained. This study was conducted to evaluate the incidence and clinical characteristics of anti epileptic drug (AED related adverse reactions in children treated with AEDs.Material & MethodsIn this descriptive study, children less than 14 years old with AEDside effects referred to the Children’s Medical Center and MofidChilderen’s Hospital (Tehran, Iran were evaluated during 2010-2012.The informations were: sex, age, incriminating drug, type of drug side effect, incubation period, history of drug usage, and patient and family allergy history. Exclusive criterions were age more than 14 years old and reactions due to reasons other than AEDs (Food, bite, non-AEDs, etc..ResultsA total of 70 patients with AED reaction were enrolled in thisstudy. They included 26 (37% females and 44 (63 % males. The maximum rate of incidence was seen at age less than 5 years old. All the patients had cutaneous eruptions that the most common cutaneous drug eruption was maculopapular rash. The incidence of systemic and laboratory adverse events was less than similar studies. The most common culprit was phenobarbital (70% and the least common was lamotrigine (1.4%.ConclusionIn this study, we found higher rates of drug rash in patients treated with aromatic AEDs and lower rates with non-aromatic AEDs. Various endogenous and environmental factors may influence the propensity to develop these reactions. Refrences1. Blume WT, Lu¨ders HO, Mizrahi E, et al. Glossary of descriptive terminology for

  15. Stromal Expression of Hypoxia Regulated Proteins Is an Adverse Prognostic Factor in Colorectal Carcinomas

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    Arjen H. G. Cleven

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hypoxia modifies the phenotype of tumors in a way that promotes tumor aggressiveness and resistance towards chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, the expression and influence of hypoxia-regulated proteins on tumor biology are not well characterized in colorectal tumors. We studied the role of protein expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α, HIF-2α, carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9 and glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1 in patients with colorectal adenocarcinomas. Methods: Expression of HIF-1α, HIF-2α, CA9 and GLUT1 was quantified by immunohistochemistry in 133 colorectal adenocarcinomas. The expression of hypoxia markers was correlated with clinicopathological variables and overall patient survival. Results: Expression of these hypoxia markers was detected in the epithelial compartment of the tumor cells as well as in tumor-associated stromal cells. Although tumor cells frequently showed expression of one or more of the investigated hypoxia markers, no correlation among these markers or with clinical response was found. However, within the tumor stroma, positive correlations between the hypoxia markers HIF-2α, CA9 and GLUT1 were observed. Furthermore expression of HIF-2α and CA9 in tumor-associated stroma were both associated with a significantly reduced overall survival. In the Cox proportional hazard model, stromal HIF-2α expression was an independent prognostic factor for survival. Conclusion: These observations show, that expression of hypoxia regulated proteins in tumor-associated stromal cells, as opposed to their expression in epithelial tumor cells, is associated with poor outcome in colorectal cancer. This study suggests that tumor hypoxia may influence tumor-associated stromal cells in a way that ultimately contributes to patient prognosis.

  16. Correlations of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α/hypoxia-inducible factor -2α expression with angiogenesis factors expression and prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Xian-hua; QIAN Cheng; YUAN Kai

    2011-01-01

    Background Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) may play an important role in the process of tumorigenesis as well as tumor progression. The aim of this study was to compare the expression between HIF-1α and HIF-2α in tumor angiogenesis and the overall impact on patient prognosis in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods In the current work we compared the immunohistochemical expression of HIF-1α and HIF-2α in surgical specimens of 140 patients with NSCLC in a tissue microarray study. Relationships between HIF-α expression and clinicopathological or angiogenic factors, including prognosis, were analyzed.Results High HIF-1α and HIF-2α expression was noted in 49/140 (35.0%) and in 64/140 (45.7%) of the cases,respectively. There was no direct correlation between HIF-1α and HIF-2α expression. Patients with advanced stage tumors had frequent high expression of HIF-2α (P=0.007), and we also found a significant correlation between HIF-2αand T or N stage (P=0.030 and 0.043, respectively). HIF-1α showed a marginal association with T stage (P=0.084),which showed a higher expression in early stage tumors. A significant correlation (P=0.045) was noticed between HIF-1αand vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression while the expression levels of thymidine phosphorylase (TP),cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and microvessel density (MVD) were significantly higher in high HIF-2α tumors (P=0.020, 0.004,and 0.046, respectively). In addition, univariate analysis of overall survival demonstrated that HIF-2α expression, but not HIF-1α, was related to poor outcome (P=0.001) and it retained significant in multivariate analysis (P=0.036).Conclusions Taken together, we conclude that HIF-1α and HIF-2α may differentially regulate the major angiogenic factors in different stages of the tumor process in NSCLC. HIF-2α may play a dominant role in tumor angiogenesis and appears to be of obvious value as a significant prognostic factor in NSCLC.

  17. Correlation of Clinical and Dosimetric Factors With Adverse Pulmonary Outcomes in Children After Lung Irradiation

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    Venkatramani, Rajkumar, E-mail: rvenkatramani@chla.usc.edu [Division of Hematology/Oncology, Children' s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Department of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (United States); Kamath, Sunil [Department of Pulmonology, Children' s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Wong, Kenneth [Division of Hematology/Oncology, Children' s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Olch, Arthur J. [Division of Hematology/Oncology, Children' s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (United States); Malvar, Jemily [Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (United States); Sposto, Richard [Division of Hematology/Oncology, Children' s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (United States); Goodarzian, Fariba [Department of Radiology, Children' s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Freyer, David R. [Division of Hematology/Oncology, Children' s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); Department of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (United States); Keens, Thomas G. [Department of Pediatrics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (United States); Department of Pulmonology, Children' s Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (United States); and others

    2013-08-01

    Purpose: To identify the incidence and the risk factors for pulmonary toxicity in children treated for cancer with contemporary lung irradiation. Methods and Materials: We analyzed clinical features, radiographic findings, pulmonary function tests, and dosimetric parameters of children receiving irradiation to the lung fields over a 10-year period. Results: We identified 109 patients (75 male patients). The median age at irradiation was 13.8 years (range, 0.04-20.9 years). The median follow-up period was 3.4 years. The median prescribed radiation dose was 21 Gy (range, 0.4-64.8 Gy). Pulmonary toxic chemotherapy included bleomycin in 58.7% of patients and cyclophosphamide in 83.5%. The following pulmonary outcomes were identified and the 5-year cumulative incidence after irradiation was determined: pneumonitis, 6%; chronic cough, 10%; pneumonia, 35%; dyspnea, 11%; supplemental oxygen requirement, 2%; radiographic interstitial lung disease, 40%; and chest wall deformity, 12%. One patient died of progressive respiratory failure. Post-irradiation pulmonary function tests available from 44 patients showed evidence of obstructive lung disease (25%), restrictive disease (11%), hyperinflation (32%), and abnormal diffusion capacity (12%). Thoracic surgery, bleomycin, age, mean lung irradiation dose (MLD), maximum lung dose, prescribed dose, and dosimetric parameters between V{sub 22} (volume of lung exposed to a radiation dose ≥22 Gy) and V{sub 30} (volume of lung exposed to a radiation dose ≥30 Gy) were significant for the development of adverse pulmonary outcomes on univariate analysis. MLD, maximum lung dose, and V{sub dose} (percentage of volume of lung receiving the threshold dose or greater) were highly correlated. On multivariate analysis, MLD was the sole significant predictor of adverse pulmonary outcome (P=.01). Conclusions: Significant pulmonary dysfunction occurs in children receiving lung irradiation by contemporary techniques. MLD rather than prescribed

  18. Correlation of Clinical and Dosimetric Factors With Adverse Pulmonary Outcomes in Children After Lung Irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To identify the incidence and the risk factors for pulmonary toxicity in children treated for cancer with contemporary lung irradiation. Methods and Materials: We analyzed clinical features, radiographic findings, pulmonary function tests, and dosimetric parameters of children receiving irradiation to the lung fields over a 10-year period. Results: We identified 109 patients (75 male patients). The median age at irradiation was 13.8 years (range, 0.04-20.9 years). The median follow-up period was 3.4 years. The median prescribed radiation dose was 21 Gy (range, 0.4-64.8 Gy). Pulmonary toxic chemotherapy included bleomycin in 58.7% of patients and cyclophosphamide in 83.5%. The following pulmonary outcomes were identified and the 5-year cumulative incidence after irradiation was determined: pneumonitis, 6%; chronic cough, 10%; pneumonia, 35%; dyspnea, 11%; supplemental oxygen requirement, 2%; radiographic interstitial lung disease, 40%; and chest wall deformity, 12%. One patient died of progressive respiratory failure. Post-irradiation pulmonary function tests available from 44 patients showed evidence of obstructive lung disease (25%), restrictive disease (11%), hyperinflation (32%), and abnormal diffusion capacity (12%). Thoracic surgery, bleomycin, age, mean lung irradiation dose (MLD), maximum lung dose, prescribed dose, and dosimetric parameters between V22 (volume of lung exposed to a radiation dose ≥22 Gy) and V30 (volume of lung exposed to a radiation dose ≥30 Gy) were significant for the development of adverse pulmonary outcomes on univariate analysis. MLD, maximum lung dose, and Vdose (percentage of volume of lung receiving the threshold dose or greater) were highly correlated. On multivariate analysis, MLD was the sole significant predictor of adverse pulmonary outcome (P=.01). Conclusions: Significant pulmonary dysfunction occurs in children receiving lung irradiation by contemporary techniques. MLD rather than prescribed dose should be used

  19. Oxygen desaturation in 6-min walk test is a risk factor for adverse outcomes in COPD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waatevik, Marie; Johannessen, Ane; Gomez Real, Francisco; Aanerud, Marianne; Hardie, Jon Andrew; Bakke, Per Sigvald; Lind Eagan, Tomas Mikal

    2016-07-01

    The 6-min walk test (6MWT) is an exercise test that measures functional status in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and provides information on oxygen desaturation. We investigated oxygen desaturation during 6MWT as a risk factor for important COPD outcomes: mortality, frequency of exacerbations, decline in lung function and decline in lean body mass.433 COPD patients were included in the Bergen COPD Cohort Study 2006-2009, and followed-up for 3 years. Patients were characterised using spirometry, bioelectrical impedance measurements, Charlson comorbidity score, exacerbation history, smoking and arterial blood gases. 370 patients completed the 6MWT at the baseline of the study. Information on all-cause mortality was collected in 2011.Patients who experienced oxygen desaturation during the 6MWT had an approximately twofold increased risk of death (hazard ratio 2.4, 95% CI 1.2-5.1), a 50% increased risk for experiencing later COPD exacerbations (incidence rate ratio 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.2), double the yearly rate of decline in both forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (3.2% and 1.7% versus 1.7% and 0.9%, respectively) and manifold increased yearly rate of loss of lean body mass (0.18 kg·m(-2) versus 0.03 kg·m(-2) among those who did not desaturate).Desaturating COPD patients had a significantly worse prognosis than non-desaturating COPD patients, for multiple important disease outcomes. PMID:27076586

  20. Impact of Serum Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor on Prognosis in Patients with Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma after Transarterial Chemoembolization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-hai Guo; Xu Zhu; Xiao-ting Li; Ren-jie Yang

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the expression level of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its relationship with the clinicopathological characteristics,and to assess the impact of serum VEGF as a predictive factor for HCC prognosis during transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) treatments.Methods:Serum VEGF levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 60 random patients who underwent TACE or transarterial infusion (TAI) for unresectable HCC between May and September 2008 and 12 healthy volunteers were also involved in this study to serve as control.All patients' clinicopathological features were retrospectively analyzed.Serum VEGF levels were correlated with clinicopathological features of the HCC patients.The patients' survival rates were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier survival curves and compared by the log-rank test.The prognostic significance of serum VEGF levels and factors related to survival rate were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analysis.Results:The median serum VEGF level in the HCC patients was 285 pg/ml (range 14-1,207 pg/ml),significantly higher than that of healthy controls (P=0.021).The serum VEGF levels were significantly correlated with platelet counts (r=0.396,P=0.002) but not other clinicopathological features.Patients with serum VEGF level >285 pg/ml had worse overall survival compared with those with serum VEGF level <285 pg/ml (P=0.002).By multivariate analysis,the serum VEGF level was a significant prognostic factor.Conclusion:High serum VEGF levels may predict poor prognosis of HCC after TACE.This study highlights the importance of tumor biomarker as a prognostic predictor in TACE therapy for HCC,which has an intrinsic problem of unavailability of histopathological prognostic features.

  1. SOXs in human prostate cancer: implication as progression and prognosis factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SOX genes play an important role in a number of developmental processes. Potential roles of SOXs have been demonstrated in various neoplastic tissues as tumor suppressors or promoters depending on tumor status and types. The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of SOXs in the progression and prognosis of human prostate cancer (PCa). The gene expression changes of SOXs in human PCa tissues compared with non-cancerous prostate tissues was detected using gene expression microarray, and confirmed by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) analysis and immunohositochemistry. The roles of these genes in castration resistance were investigated in LNCaP xenograft model of PCa. The microarray analysis identified three genes (SOX7, SOX9 and SOX10) of SOX family that were significantly dis-regulated in common among four PCa specimens. Consistent with the results of the microarray, differential mRNA and protein levels of three selected genes were found in PCa tissues by QRT-PCR analysis and immunohistochemistry. Additionally, we found that the immunohistochemical staining scores of SOX7 in PCa tissues with higher serum PSA level (P = 0.02) and metastasis (P = 0.03) were significantly lower than those with lower serum PSA level and without metastasis; the increased SOX9 protein expression was frequently found in PCa tissues with higher Gleason score (P = 0.02) and higher clinical stage (P < 0.0001); the down-regulation of SOX10 tend to be found in PCa tissues with higher serum PSA levels (P = 0.03) and advanced pathological stage (P = 0.01). Moreover, both univariate and multivariate analyses showed that the down-regulation of SOX7 and the up-regulation of SOX9 were independent predictors of shorter biochemical recurrence-free survival. Furthermore, we discovered that SOX7 was significantly down-regulated and SOX9 was significantly up-regulated during the progression to castration resistance. Our data offer the convince

  2. Factors modifying stress from adverse effects of immunosuppressive medication in kidney transplant recipients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosenberger, J.; Geckova, A.M.; van Dijk, J.P.; Roland, R.; Groothoff, J.W.

    2005-01-01

    Introduction: The adverse effects of immunosuppression appear in the majority of patients with a negative impact on morbidity, mortality and quality of life. The group of adverse symptoms manifested as changes in appearance, mood and energy are often more stressful than serious metabolic changes bec

  3. Causal Factors and Adverse Events of Aviation Accidents and Incidents Related to Integrated Vehicle Health Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reveley, Mary S.; Briggs, Jeffrey L.; Evans, Joni K.; Jones, Sharon M.; Kurtoglu, Tolga; Leone, Karen M.; Sandifer, Carl E.

    2011-01-01

    Causal factors in aviation accidents and incidents related to system/component failure/malfunction (SCFM) were examined for Federal Aviation Regulation Parts 121 and 135 operations to establish future requirements for the NASA Aviation Safety Program s Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM) Project. Data analyzed includes National Transportation Safety Board (NSTB) accident data (1988 to 2003), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) incident data (1988 to 2003), and Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) incident data (1993 to 2008). Failure modes and effects analyses were examined to identify possible modes of SCFM. A table of potential adverse conditions was developed to help evaluate IVHM research technologies. Tables present details of specific SCFM for the incidents and accidents. Of the 370 NTSB accidents affected by SCFM, 48 percent involved the engine or fuel system, and 31 percent involved landing gear or hydraulic failure and malfunctions. A total of 35 percent of all SCFM accidents were caused by improper maintenance. Of the 7732 FAA database incidents affected by SCFM, 33 percent involved landing gear or hydraulics, and 33 percent involved the engine and fuel system. The most frequent SCFM found in ASRS were turbine engine, pressurization system, hydraulic main system, flight management system/flight management computer, and engine. Because the IVHM Project does not address maintenance issues, and landing gear and hydraulic systems accidents are usually not fatal, the focus of research should be those SCFMs that occur in the engine/fuel and flight control/structures systems as well as power systems.

  4. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy for the pediatric recipient population: Risk factors for adverse outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walther, Ashley E; Coots, Abigail C; Goebel, Jens W; Alonso, Maria H; Ryckman, Frederick C; Tiao, Greg M; Nathan, Jaimie D

    2015-12-01

    Kidney transplantation is the optimal treatment of ESRD in children. Some studies have reported inferior outcomes in recipients of LDN allografts who are ≤ 5 yr of age. We performed a retrospective review of pediatric recipient outcomes of 110 LDN allografts at our institution and examined predictors of adverse outcomes. Subgroup analysis was performed by dividing recipients into three age categories: 0-5 yr, 6-17 yr, and ≥ 18 yr. There was no significant difference between incidences of DGF or ARE between groups. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated 100% allograft survival in 0- to 5-yr-old recipients, nearly reaching statistical significance (p = 0.07) for outcome superior to that of the two older age groups. Pretransplant HD was associated with increased risk of DGF (p = 0.05). Significant risk factors for ARE were recipient weight >15 kg (p = 0.033) and multiple renal arteries (p = 0.047). Previous ARE was associated with an increased risk of allograft failure (p = 0.02). LDN is not associated with increased risk of DGF, ARE, or allograft failure in the youngest recipients. These findings support an aggressive pursuit of preemptive transplantation even in the youngest pediatric allograft recipients. PMID:26329665

  5. Major risk factors of maternal adverse outcome in women with two or more previous cesarean sections

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    Egić Amira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Maternal morbidity is defined as any condition that is attributed to or aggravated by pregnancy and childbirth that has a negative impact on the woman's wellbeing. In recent years, a growing trend of cesarean section rates can be seen throughout the world. The aim of this study was to assess factors that might have major impact on maternal adverse outcome in women with two or more previous cesarean sections. Methods. This retrospective study included women with single term pregnancy after two or more cesarean deliveries in a 10-year period (2004−2013 in the University Clinic “Narodni front” in Belgrade, Serbia. Medical records were reviewed for clinical data for maternal intraoperative and early postoperative complications regarding gestational age at delivery, the number of previous cesarean sections and mode of surgery (elective or emergency. Results. A total of 551 patients were included in the study. At 37 completed weeks delivered 14.1%, at 38 delivered 45.2% and at 39 completed weeks 40.7% patients. Women younger than 35 years more often delivered after 39 completed weeks compared with those over 35 years (69.2% vs 30.8%, p < 0.05. The overall rate of maternal complications in the study group was 16.5% with no statistical difference by gestational age at delivery. The overall rate of maternal adverse outcome was significantly less in the patients with three as compared with those with four or more cesareans (10.4% vs 66.7%, p < 0.05. There was a statistically significant difference between these groups of women regarding complications: scar dehiscence, the presence of adhesions, blood transfusion and admission in intensive care unit. Elective cesarean delivery was with less maternal complications compared with emergency cesarean deliveries (12.9% vs 27.3%, p < 0.05. Conclusion. Termination of pregnancy before completed 39 weeks does not decrease maternal morbidity. The major impact on maternal complications has the

  6. Expression of the Stem Cell Factor Nestin in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Is Associated with Poor Prognosis.

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    Svenja Thies

    Full Text Available The epithelioid and sarcomatoid histologic variants of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM can be considered as E- and M-parts of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT axis; the biphasic being an intermediate. EMT is associated with an increase of stem cell (SC traits. We correlated the neural crest SC marker nestin and the EMT marker periostin with histology, type of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (CT and overall survival (OS of MPM patients.Tumor tissues of a historic cohort 1 (320 patients and an intended induction chemotherapy followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP cohort 2 (145 patients were immunohistochemically H-scored (intensity of immunoreactivity multiplied by frequency of stained cells. Paired chemo-naïve biopsies and -treated surgical specimens were available for 105/145 patients. CT included platinum/gemcitabine (Pla/Gem or platinum/pemetrexed (Pla/Pem.Expression of any cytosolic nestin progressively increased from epithelioid to biphasic to sarcomatoid MPM in cohort 1, whereas the diagnostic markers calretinin and podoplanin decreased. In cohort 2, Pla/Pem CT increased the expression level of nestin in comparison to Pla/Gem, whereas the opposite was found for periostin. In Pla/Pem treated patients, nestin was higher in biphasic MPM compared to epithelioid. In addition to non-epithelioid histology, any expression of nestin in chemo-naïve biopsies (median overall survival: 22 vs. 17 months and chemo-treated surgical specimens (18 vs. 12 months as well as high periostin in biopsies (23 vs. 15 months were associated with poor prognosis. In the multivariate survival analysis, any nestin expression in chemo-naïve biopsies proved to be an independent prognosticator against histology. In both pre- and post-CT situations, the combination of nestin or periostin expression with non-epithelioid histology was particularly/ dismal (all p-values <0.05.The SC marker nestin and the EMT marker periostin allow for further prognostic

  7. Potentially reversible factors during the very acute phase of stroke and their impact on the prognosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, H S; Reith, J; Nakayama, H;

    2001-01-01

    In the Copenhagen Stroke Study, we evaluated the combined impact on stroke outcome of potentially treatable factors such as acute body temperature, blood glucose, and stroke in progression. The patients were stratified into two groups: (1) patients with 'good' prognostic parameters (body...... in progression with an OR of 2.9. However, the combined effect of all three factors was more than additive with an OR of 10.0 (95% CI 1.5-56; p

  8. Identifying the Prognosis Factors in Death after Liver Transplantation via Adaptive LASSO in Iran

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    Hadi Raeisi Shahraki

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the widespread use of liver transplantation as a routine therapy in liver diseases, the effective factors on its outcomes are still controversial. This study attempted to identify the most effective factors on death after liver transplantation. For this purpose, modified least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO, called Adaptive LASSO, was utilized. One of the best advantages of this method is considering high number of factors. Therefore, in a historical cohort study from 2008 to 2013, the clinical findings of 680 patients undergoing liver transplant surgery were considered. Ridge and Adaptive LASSO regression methods were then implemented to identify the most effective factors on death. To compare the performance of these two models, receiver operating characteristic (ROC curve was used. According to the results, 12 factors in Ridge regression and 9 ones in Adaptive LASSO regression were significant. The area under the ROC curve (AUC of Adaptive LASSO was equal to 89% (95% CI: 86%–91%, which was significantly greater than Ridge regression (64%, 95% CI: 61%–68% (p<0.001. As a conclusion, the significant factors and the performance criteria revealed the superiority of Adaptive LASSO method as a penalized model versus traditional regression model in the present study.

  9. Risk factors and prognosis of ischemic stroke in young patients in Uzbekistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khurshidakhon Rasulova

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Between 2004 and 2008, we studied reasons and risk factors of ischemic stroke in 150 young patients (aged between 17-44 years, compared with those in elderly patients (n=70. According to our data, heredity, arterial hypertension, cerebral vasculitis, thyroid diseases, chronic alcoholism, smoking and long-term use of oral contraceptives are main risk factors of ischemic stroke in the young in Uzbekistan. However, relative risk of stroke in this group of patients is less than in elder patients. In 16% cases, usage of standard diagnostic measures does not lead to identification of the disease cause.

  10. A pooled analysis of post-diagnosis lifestyle factors in association with late estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nechuta, Sarah; Chen, Wendy Y; Cai, Hui; Poole, Elizabeth M; Kwan, Marilyn L; Flatt, Shirley W; Patterson, Ruth E; Pierce, John P; Caan, Bette J; Ou Shu, Xiao

    2016-05-01

    Lifestyle factors have been well studied in relation to breast cancer prognosis overall; however, associations of lifestyle and late outcomes (>5 years after diagnosis) have been much less studied, and no studies have focused on estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer survivors, who may have high risk of late recurrence and mortality. We utilized a large prospective pooling study to evaluate the associations of lifestyle factors with late recurrence and all-cause mortality among 6,295 5-year ER+ Stage I-III breast cancer survivors. Pooled and harmonized data were available on clinical factors and lifestyle factors (pre- to post-diagnosis weight change, body mass index (BMI) (kg/m(2)), recreational physical activity, alcohol intake and smoking history), measured on average 2.1 years after diagnosis. Updated information for weight only was available. Study heterogeneity was evaluated by the Q-statistic. Multivariable Cox regression models were stratified by study. Adjusting for clinical factors and potential confounders, ≥ 10% weight gain and obesity (BMI, 30-34.99 and ≥ 35) were associated with increased risk of late recurrence (hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals): 1.24 (1.00-1.53), 1.40 (1.05-1.86) and 1.41 (1.02-1.93), respectively). Daily alcohol intake was associated with late recurrence, 1.28 (1.01-1.62). Physical activity was inversely associated with late all-cause mortality (0.81 (0.71-0.93) and 0.71 (0.61-0.82) for 4.9 to factors were associated with late outcomes among long-term ER+ breast cancer survivors.

  11. The insulin-like growth factor 1 axis in prognosis and treatment of breast cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartog, Hermien

    2014-01-01

    Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) is a tyrosine kinase receptor mediating cell growth and survival. IGF-1R signaling has been implicated in malignant behavior of tumors and drugs targeting the IGF-1R as anticancer treatment have been developed. We aimed to determine clinical indicators

  12. Transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder : histopathological and biological factors and prognosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.F.M. Schapers

    1993-01-01

    textabstractThe main purpose of the studies reported in this thesis has been to determine the extent to which the behaviour of TCC can be predicted by histopathological and biological characteristics. The potential additional prognostic value of these factors was evaluated by combining them with oth

  13. An analysis of risk factors and adverse events in ambulatory surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kent C

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Christopher Kent, Julia Metzner, Laurent BollagDepartment of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USAAbstract: Care for patients undergoing ambulatory procedures is a broad and expanding area of anesthetic and surgical practice. There were over 35 million ambulatory surgical procedures performed in the US in 2006. Ambulatory procedures are diverse in both type and setting, as they span the range from biopsies performed under local anesthesia to intra-abdominal laparoscopic procedures, and are performed in offices, freestanding ambulatory surgery centers, and ambulatory units of hospitals. The information on adverse events from these varied settings comes largely from retrospective reviews of sources, such as quality-assurance databases and closed malpractice claims. Very few if any ambulatory procedures are emergent, and in comparison to the inpatient population, ambulatory surgical patients are generally healthier. They are still however subject to most of the same types of adverse events as patients undergoing inpatient surgery, albeit at a lower frequency. The only adverse events that could be considered to be unique to ambulatory surgery are those that arise out of the circumstance of discharging a postoperative patient to an environment lacking skilled nursing care. There is limited information on these types of discharge-related adverse events, but the data that are available are reviewed in an attempt to assist the practitioner in patient selection and discharge decision making. Among ambulatory surgical patients, particularly those undergoing screening or cosmetic procedures, expectations from all parties involved are high, and a definition of adverse events can be expanded to include any occurrence that interrupts the rapid throughput of patients or interferes with early discharge and optimal patient satisfaction. This review covers all types of adverse events, but focuses on the more

  14. Neutralization of IL-8 prevents the induction of dermatologic adverse events associated with the inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bangsgaard, Nannie; Houtkamp, Mischa; Schuurhuis, Danita H;

    2012-01-01

    , characterized by acute follicular neutrophil-rich hair follicle inflammation, and thus mimicked adverse events induced by systemic administration of EGFR inhibitors. In this model, we tested the hypothesis that neutrophils, attracted by IL-8, play a central role in the observed rash. Indeed, concomitant local......Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors are widely used in the treatment of cancer. EGFR-targeted treatment is known to be associated with a high incidence of dermatological adverse reactions, including papulopustular rash, which can be dose-limiting and may affect compliance...

  15. Incidence and risk factors of bleeding-related adverse events in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia treated with ibrutinib

    OpenAIRE

    Lipsky, Andrew H.; Farooqui, Mohammed Z.H.; Tian, Xin; Martyr, Sabrina; Cullinane, Ann M.; Nghiem, Khanh; Sun, Clare; Valdez, Janet; Niemann, Carsten U.; Herman, Sarah E. M.; Saba, Nakhle; Soto, Susan; Marti, Gerald; Uzel, Gulbu; Holland, Steve M.

    2015-01-01

    Ibrutinib is associated with bleeding-related adverse events of grade ≤2 in severity, and infrequently with grade ≥3 events. To investigate the mechanisms of bleeding and identify patients at risk, we prospectively assessed platelet function and coagulation factors in our investigator-initiated trial of single-agent ibrutinib for chronic lymphocytic leukemia. At a median follow-up of 24 months we recorded grade ≤2 bleeding-related adverse events in 55% of 85 patients. No grade ≥3 events occur...

  16. Perioperative factors related to prognosis of regular hepatectomy in comparison with irregular hepatectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Zhiqiang; Li Hongqi; Zhang Jinqian; Xu Lining; Xiao Mei; Huang Zhiqiang; Zhang Hongyi

    2014-01-01

    Background The aim of this research was to analyze the perioperative factors of regular hepatectomy and irregular hepatectomy.The superiority of the clinical application of the two methods was compared in the perioperative period.Methods From 1986 to 2011,1798 patients underwent consecutive liver resections with regular hepatectomy and irregular hepatectomy at the Air Force General Hospital of People's Liberation Army and the General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army.Their medical documentation was investigated retrospectively.Results In patients on whom regular hepatectomy and irregular hepatectomy were performed,there was no significant difference in perioperative blood loss,complications,in-hospital mortality,hospital stay,and so on.But in regular hepatectomy,operating time was an independent risk factor (P <0.001,OR=1.004).Conclusions There was no significant difference between the perioperative risk of regular hepatectomy and that of irregular hepatectomy.

  17. Peripartum cardiomyopathy: risk factors, hospital course and prognosis; experiences at lady reading hospital Peshawar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the so-called risk factors associated with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM), its hospital course, short and long term mortality and outcome of subsequent pregnancies. Methodology: A total of 61 patients diagnosed with PPCM were enrolled in the study. Data regarding risk factors, presenting complaints, complications, pregnancy outcomes, therapeutics used and outcome at 3, 6 and 12 months were recorded. Results: The incidence was estimated to be 1 per 933 deliveries. Mean age +- SD was 30.94+-6.63 years. Majority of patients 33(54.1%) were obese. The mean parity was 3.66 +- 1.41. Other risk factors were chronic hypertension 19 (31.1%), pre-eclampsia 12 (19.7%) and multiple pregnancies 5(8.2%). Forty-three patients 43(70.5%) presented in post partum period while 18 (29.5%) in antepartum period. All patients presented with dyspnea. Main ECG findings were sinus tachycardia 39 (63.9%), LV hypertrophy 42 (68.9%) and T wave inversion 28(45.9%). Ejection fraction was universally reduced on echocardiography. There were 50(82%) live births and 11(18%) perinatal deaths. Main complications were pulmonary edema 7(11.5%), cardiogenic shock 8(13.1%) and thromboembolism 13(21.3%). At hospital discharge, 9 (14.8%) patients were dead and 52(85.2%) were discharged with stable heart failure. At 12 month follow up, a total of 20(32.8%) were dead while 32(52.5%) had recovered fully and 9(14.75%) were still suffering from heart failure. During follow up, only 8(19.5%) pregnancies were detected. Five (62.5%) patients had uneventful course while 3(37.5%) developed heart failure again. Conclusion: Peripartum cardiomyopathy is associated with multiple risk factors and carries high morbidity and mortality. (author)

  18. Hormone-related factors and breast cancer : studies of risk and prognosis

    OpenAIRE

    Rosenberg, Lena

    2006-01-01

    The main purpose of this thesis was to explore the influences of risk factors for breast cancer on breast cancer characteristics and survival. We evaluated the associations between number and timing of births and breast cancerspecific survival using data from the Swedish Cancer Register, the Swedish Cause of Death Register, and the MultiGeneration Register. We identified more than 27,000 women born in Sweden and diagnosed with breast cancer in 1958-1997. We found a successiv...

  19. Statistical count models for prognosis the risk factors of hepatitis C

    OpenAIRE

    Pourhoseingholi, Asma; Baghban, Alireza Akbarzadeh; Zayeri, Farid; Alavian, Seyed Moayed; Vahedi, Mohsen

    2013-01-01

    Aim The aim of this study was to compare alternatives methods for analysis of zero inflated count data and compare them with simple count models that are used by researchers frequently for such zero inflated data. Background Analysis of viral load and risk factors could predict likelihood of achieving sustain virological response (SVR). This information is useful to protect a person from acquiring Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The distribution of viral load contains a large proportion of...

  20. Obesity and smoking are factors associated with poor prognosis in patients with bacteraemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuento Risto

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bacteraemia is still a major cause of case fatality in all age groups. Our aim was to identify the major underlying conditions constituting risk factors for case fatality in bacteraemia patients. Methods The study involved 149 patients (79 male and 70 female with bacteraemia caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus (41 patients, Streptococcus pneumoniae (Str. pneumoniae (42 patients, β-hemolytic streptococcae (β-hml str. (23 patients and Eschericia coli (E. coli (43 patients. Underlying diseases, alcohol and tobacco consumption and body mass index (BMI were registered. Laboratory findings and clinical data were registered on admission and 6 consecutive days and on day 10–14. Case fatality was studied within 30 days after positive blood culture. Associations between underlying conditions and case fatality were studied in univariate analysis and in a multivariate model. Results Nineteen patients (12.8% died of bacteraemia. We found obesity (p = 0.002, RR 9.8; 95% CI 2.3 to 41.3, smoking (p Conclusion Our results indicate that obesity and smoking are prominent risk factors for case fatality in bacteraemic patients. Identification of risk factors underlying fatal outcome in bacteraemia may allow targeting of preventive efforts to individuals likely to derive greatest potential benefit.

  1. Factors associated with anti-tuberculosis medication adverse effects: a case-control study in Lima, Peru.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kocfa Chung-Delgado

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Long-term exposure to anti-tuberculosis medication increases risk of adverse drug reactions and toxicity. The objective of this investigation was to determine factors associated with anti-tuberculosis adverse drug reactions in Lima, Peru, with special emphasis on MDR-TB medication, HIV infection, diabetes, age and tobacco use. METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS: A case-control study was performed using information from Peruvian TB Programme. A case was defined as having reported an anti-TB adverse drug reaction during 2005-2010 with appropriate notification on clinical records. Controls were defined as not having reported a side effect, receiving anti-TB therapy during the same time that the case had appeared. Crude, and age- and sex-adjusted models were calculated using odds ratios (OR and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI. A multivariable model was created to look for independent factors associated with side effect from anti-TB therapy. A total of 720 patients (144 cases and 576 controls were analyzed. In our multivariable model, age, especially those over 40 years (OR = 3.93; 95%CI: 1.65-9.35, overweight/obesity (OR = 2.13; 95%CI: 1.17-3.89, anemia (OR = 2.10; IC95%: 1.13-3.92, MDR-TB medication (OR = 11.1; 95%CI: 6.29-19.6, and smoking (OR = 2.00; 95%CI: 1.03-3.87 were independently associated with adverse drug reactions. CONCLUSIONS: Old age, anemia, MDR-TB medication, overweight/obesity status, and smoking history are independent risk factors associated with anti-tuberculosis adverse drug reactions. Patients with these risk factors should be monitored during the anti-TB therapy. A comprehensive clinical history and additional medical exams, including hematocrit and HIV-ELISA, might be useful to identify these patients.

  2. 频发房性早搏与新发心房颤动及不良预后的关系%The relationship between frequent premature atrial complexes and new occurrence of atrial fibrillation and adverse prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丽英

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To investigate the relation between baseline frequency of premature atrial complexes (PACs) and new-onset atrial fibrillation (NAF) and adverseprognosis. Methods Patients without AF or structural heart disease undergoing 24 h electrocardiography monitoring for palpitations,dizziness,or syncope were recruited. Baseline characteristics and 18-monthNAF and adverse events (ischemic stroke,heart failure,and death) were collected. Results 96 patients with number of PACs at the topquartile (>98 PACs/day) were defined to have frequent PACs. After 18 months follow-up, 28 patients (29%) with frequent PACs developed AF compared with 26 patients (9%) with PACs≤98/day (P<0.01).Cox regression analysis revealed that frequent PACs [hazard ratio (HR):3.22 (95% confidence interval (CI):1.93~5.41; P<0.05)] was independent predictors for new AF. Patients with frequent PACs were more at risk for adverse events than those without frequent PACs (34.4vs19.4%,P<0.05).Cox regression analysis showed that frequent PACs (HR:1.58;95%CI:1.13~2.51;P=0.03)was independent predictor for the adverse events. Conclusion Frequent PACs predict new AF and adverse prognosis.%目的:评估频发房性早搏(permature atrial complexes,PACs)与新发心房颤动(new-onset atrial fibrillation,NAF)及不良预后的关系。方法连续入选因心悸、眩晕或晕厥入院的患者,收集患者基线资料,记录18个月内的NAF及不良事件(缺血性卒中、充血性心力衰竭及死亡)。结果根据患者Holter检查记录的PACs次数将患者分为2组,频发PACs组患者年龄较高,左房较大,射血分数较低。18个月后,频发PACs组患者NAF(29.2%vs9.0%,P<0.05)及不良事件(34.4%vs19.4%,P<0.05)发生率高于无频发PACs组患者。Cox回归分析也显示,频发PACs是NAF及不良事件的独立危险因素(P<0.05)。结论频发PACs可预测患者的AF发生及不良预后。

  3. Adverse reactions, psychological factors, and their effect on donor retention in men and women

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veldhuizen, I.; Atsma, F.; Dongen, A. van; Kort, W. de

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This study investigates the effect of a vasovagal reaction (VVR) or needle reaction (NR) on the risk of stopping as a blood donor, taking into account variables from the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Is stopping risk solely related to the adverse reaction itself, or do the TPB variab

  4. The Role of ADHD in Academic Adversity: Disentangling ADHD Effects from Other Personal and Contextual Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    Students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience significant academic difficulties that can lead to numerous negative academic consequences. With a focus on adverse academic outcomes, this study seeks to disentangle variance attributable to ADHD from variance attributable to salient personal and contextual covariates.…

  5. Nerve growth factor expression in astrocytoma and cerebrospinal fluid: a new biomarker for prognosis of astrocytoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Qiao-yu; FENG Yun; XU Wen-lin; YANG Yong; ZHANG Yan; ZHANG Zhi-jian; GONG Ai-hua; YUAN Zhi-cheng; LU Pei-song; ZHAN Li-ping; WANG Peng

    2011-01-01

    Background Recent studies have discovered that nuclear translocation of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its receptor fragments function differently from the traditional model. This study aimed to uncover the nuclear expression of NGF in astrocytoma and its biological significance.Methods Ninety-four paraffin-embedded astrocytoma specimens were subjected to immunohistochemical (IHC) and hemotoxylin & eosin (HE) staining. Preoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens and intraoperative snap-frozen astrocytoma tissues were assayed for NGF expression by ELISA and Western blotting. The outcome of patients who contributed samples was tracked. Each ten tissue samples from patients with traumatic brain injury who had received decompression surgery and CSF samples from patients undergoing spinal anesthesia but with no history of nervous system disease were taken as control.Results NGF-positive immunoreactive products were distributed in both the cytoplasm and nucleus of astrocytoma, but were only located in the cytoplasm of traumatic brain injury (TBI) tissue. NGF nuclear-positive rate (NPR) of grades Ⅲ-Ⅳ astrocytomas (70.0%) was higher than that of grades Ⅰ-Ⅱ astrocytoma (28.6%, P<0.05). NGF-NP expression positively correlated with the NGF concentration in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (r=0.755, P<0.01). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that the median survival time was 25 months for NGF-NP astrocytoma grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ patients and 42 months in NGF nuclear negative (NGF-NN) astrocytoma grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ patients (P<0.05). In astrocytoma Ⅲ-Ⅳ patients, the median survival was 7 months for NGF-NP patients and 24 months for NGF-NN patients (P<0.01). Two types of NGF with molecular weights of 13 and 36 kDa were present in astrocytoma, but only the 36 kDa NGF was found in the CSF. NGF expression elevated as the malignancy increased.Conclusions NGF-NP expression and NGF level in CSF were significant prognostic factors in astrocytoma patients.Because of the easy

  6. Obesity might be a good prognosis factor for COPD patients using domiciliary noninvasive mechanical ventilation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altinoz, Hilal; Adiguzel, Nalan; Salturk, Cuneyt; Gungor, Gokay; Mocin, Ozlem; Berk Takir, Huriye; Kargin, Feyza; Balci, Merih; Dikensoy, Oner; Karakurt, Zuhal

    2016-01-01

    Cachexia is known to be a deteriorating factor for survival of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but data related to obesity are limited. We observed that obese patients with COPD prescribed long-term noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) had better survival rate compared to nonobese patients. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective observational cohort study. Archives of Thoracic Diseases Training Hospital were sought between 2008 and 2013. All the subjects were prescribed domiciliary NIMV for chronic respiratory failure secondary to COPD. Subjects were grouped according to their body mass index (BMI). The first group consisted of subjects with BMI between 20 and 30 kg/m2, and the second group consisted of subjects with BMI >30 kg/m2. Data obtained at the first month’s visit for the following parameters were recorded: age, sex, comorbid diseases, smoking history, pulmonary function test, 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), and arterial blood gas analysis. Hospital admissions were recorded before and after the domiciliary NIMV usage. Mortality rate was searched from the electronic database. Overall, 118 subjects were enrolled. Thirty-eight subjects had BMI between 20 and 30 kg/m2, while 80 subjects had BMI >30 kg/m2. The mean age was 65.8±9.4 years, and 81% were male. The median follow-up time was 26 months and mortality rates were 32% and 34% for obese and nonobese subjects (P=0.67). Improvement in 6-MWT was protective against mortality. In conclusion, survival of obese patients with COPD using domiciliary NIMV was found to be better than those of nonobese patients, and the improvement in 6-MWT in such patients was found to be related to a better survival.

  7. Overexpression of Chromatin Assembly Factor-1/p60 helps to predict the prognosis of melanoma patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nugnes Loredana

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cutaneous melanoma (CM is the most lethal form of skin malignancy, which registers a constant increase in incidence worldwide. The identification of molecular alteration(s involved in its biological aggressiveness represents a major challenge for researchers, considering that existing therapies are ineffective to treat metastasizing cases. The epigenetic control of chromatin dynamics during DNA synthesis, replication, and repair is fundamental for the orderly progression of cell proliferation. The Chromatin Assembly Factor 1 (CAF-1 complex acts as a major regulator of this process; its intermediate (p60 subunit has been recently proposed as a novel proliferation and prognostic marker for several tumors. We aimed to establish if the evaluation of the expression of CAF-1/p60 in primary CM may help define the prevision of outcome of patients. Methods Immunohistochemistry with anti-CAF-1/p60 was performed on paraffin-embedded tissue sections of 130 cases of primary CM retrieved from the archive files of the Department of Biomorphological and Functional Sciences, Section of Pathology, University "Federico II" of Naples, Italy. Results were compared with histopathological and follow-up data of patients. Results CAF-1/p60 was expressed in all CM. A significant statistical association between the overexpression of the protein and the occurrence of skin, node and/or distant metastases (P Conclusions CAF-1/p60 looks promising as a new prognostic marker for CM and sheds new light on the molecular events associated with photocancerogenesis and melanoma biology. The screening for CAF-1/p60 might contribute to the molecular sub-classification of CM, with improved translational outcomes.

  8. Obesity might be a good prognosis factor for COPD patients using domiciliary noninvasive mechanical ventilation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altinoz, Hilal; Adiguzel, Nalan; Salturk, Cuneyt; Gungor, Gokay; Mocin, Ozlem; Berk Takir, Huriye; Kargin, Feyza; Balci, Merih; Dikensoy, Oner; Karakurt, Zuhal

    2016-01-01

    Cachexia is known to be a deteriorating factor for survival of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but data related to obesity are limited. We observed that obese patients with COPD prescribed long-term noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) had better survival rate compared to nonobese patients. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective observational cohort study. Archives of Thoracic Diseases Training Hospital were sought between 2008 and 2013. All the subjects were prescribed domiciliary NIMV for chronic respiratory failure secondary to COPD. Subjects were grouped according to their body mass index (BMI). The first group consisted of subjects with BMI between 20 and 30 kg/m2, and the second group consisted of subjects with BMI >30 kg/m2. Data obtained at the first month’s visit for the following parameters were recorded: age, sex, comorbid diseases, smoking history, pulmonary function test, 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), and arterial blood gas analysis. Hospital admissions were recorded before and after the domiciliary NIMV usage. Mortality rate was searched from the electronic database. Overall, 118 subjects were enrolled. Thirty-eight subjects had BMI between 20 and 30 kg/m2, while 80 subjects had BMI >30 kg/m2. The mean age was 65.8±9.4 years, and 81% were male. The median follow-up time was 26 months and mortality rates were 32% and 34% for obese and nonobese subjects (P=0.67). Improvement in 6-MWT was protective against mortality. In conclusion, survival of obese patients with COPD using domiciliary NIMV was found to be better than those of nonobese patients, and the improvement in 6-MWT in such patients was found to be related to a better survival. PMID:27578969

  9. Obesity might be a good prognosis factor for COPD patients using domiciliary noninvasive mechanical ventilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altinoz, Hilal; Adiguzel, Nalan; Salturk, Cuneyt; Gungor, Gokay; Mocin, Ozlem; Berk Takir, Huriye; Kargin, Feyza; Balci, Merih; Dikensoy, Oner; Karakurt, Zuhal

    2016-01-01

    Cachexia is known to be a deteriorating factor for survival of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but data related to obesity are limited. We observed that obese patients with COPD prescribed long-term noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) had better survival rate compared to nonobese patients. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective observational cohort study. Archives of Thoracic Diseases Training Hospital were sought between 2008 and 2013. All the subjects were prescribed domiciliary NIMV for chronic respiratory failure secondary to COPD. Subjects were grouped according to their body mass index (BMI). The first group consisted of subjects with BMI between 20 and 30 kg/m(2), and the second group consisted of subjects with BMI >30 kg/m(2). Data obtained at the first month's visit for the following parameters were recorded: age, sex, comorbid diseases, smoking history, pulmonary function test, 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), and arterial blood gas analysis. Hospital admissions were recorded before and after the domiciliary NIMV usage. Mortality rate was searched from the electronic database. Overall, 118 subjects were enrolled. Thirty-eight subjects had BMI between 20 and 30 kg/m(2), while 80 subjects had BMI >30 kg/m(2). The mean age was 65.8±9.4 years, and 81% were male. The median follow-up time was 26 months and mortality rates were 32% and 34% for obese and nonobese subjects (P=0.67). Improvement in 6-MWT was protective against mortality. In conclusion, survival of obese patients with COPD using domiciliary NIMV was found to be better than those of nonobese patients, and the improvement in 6-MWT in such patients was found to be related to a better survival. PMID:27578969

  10. APCR, factor V gene known and novel SNPs and adverse pregnancy outcomes in an Irish cohort of pregnant women

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Sedano-Balbas, Sara

    2010-03-10

    Abstract Background Activated Protein C Resistance (APCR), a poor anticoagulant response of APC in haemostasis, is the commonest heritable thrombophilia. Adverse outcomes during pregnancy have been linked to APCR. This study determined the frequency of APCR, factor V gene known and novel SNPs and adverse outcomes in a group of pregnant women. Methods Blood samples collected from 907 pregnant women were tested using the Coatest® Classic and Modified functional haematological tests to establish the frequency of APCR. PCR-Restriction Enzyme Analysis (PCR-REA), PCR-DNA probe hybridisation analysis and DNA sequencing were used for molecular screening of known mutations in the factor V gene in subjects determined to have APCR based on the Coatest® Classic and\\/or Modified functional haematological tests. Glycosylase Mediated Polymorphism Detection (GMPD), a SNP screening technique and DNA sequencing, were used to identify SNPs in the factor V gene of 5 APCR subjects. Results Sixteen percent of the study group had an APCR phenotype. Factor V Leiden (FVL), FV Cambridge, and haplotype (H) R2 alleles were identified in this group. Thirty-three SNPs; 9 silent SNPs and 24 missense SNPs, of which 20 SNPs were novel, were identified in the 5 APCR subjects. Adverse pregnancy outcomes were found at a frequency of 35% in the group with APCR based on Classic Coatest® test only and at 45% in the group with APCR based on the Modified Coatest® test. Forty-eight percent of subjects with FVL had adverse outcomes while in the group of subjects with no FVL, adverse outcomes occurred at a frequency of 37%. Conclusions Known mutations and novel SNPs in the factor V gene were identified in the study cohort determined to have APCR in pregnancy. Further studies are required to investigate the contribution of these novel SNPs to the APCR phenotype. Adverse outcomes including early pregnancy loss (EPL), preeclampsia (PET) and intrauterine growth restriction (IGUR) were not significantly more

  11. The prognosis factor of adjuvant radiation therapy after surgery in uterine sarcomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hou HL

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Hai-Ling Hou, Mao-Bin Meng, Xiu-Li Chen, Lu-Jun Zhao, Li Zhu, Bai-Lin Zhang, Ping Wang Department of Radiation Oncology, CyberKnife Center, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China Objective: This retrospective study evaluated the role of adjuvant radiotherapy (AR after surgery in patients with uterine sarcoma and analyzed the prognostic factors of local-regional failure-free survival (LRFFS and overall survival (OS.Patients and methods: A study of a total of 182 patients with uterine sarcoma was conducted between June 1994 and October 2014. Adjuvant radiotherapy was defined as postoperative external beam radiation to the pelvis (30–50 Gray/10–25 fractions at five fractions/week. The primary end point was LRFFS, and the secondary end point was OS. Kaplan–Meier curves were compared using the log-rank test. Cox regression analyses were used to determine prognosticators for LRFFS and OS.Results: The median follow-up time of all patients was 75 months, with a 5-year LRFFS of 62.1%. The 2-year and 5-year LRFFS rates were longer for those who received AR than for those who did not receive AR (83.4% vs 70.3%; 78% vs 55.3%; P=0.013. The 5-year OS of all patients was 56.2%, and no significant differences were observed in the 2-year and 5-year OS rates between these two groups (82.7% vs 71.4%; 64.1% vs 51.7%; P=0.067. Importantly, in patients with leiomyosarcoma, the 2-year and 5-year LRFFS and OS rates were longer for those who received AR than for those who did not receive AR (P=0.04 and P=0.02 for the 2-year and 5-year LRFFS, respectively.Conclusion: Patients with uterine sarcoma who were treated with AR after surgery demonstrated an improved LRFFS compared with those who were treated with surgery alone, especially those patients with leiomyosarcoma. Therefore, the role of personalized adjuvant

  12. Factors Related to Prognosis of Refractory Glaucoma with Diode Laser Transscleral Cyclophotocoagulation Treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shun-hua Zhang; Fang-tian Dong; Jin Mao; Ai-ling Bian

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the predictive factors of refractory glaucoma treated with diode laser transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (TSCP) in a midterm observation.Methods Fifty-four consecutive patients (54 eyes) with refractory glaucoma were enrolled and underwent TSCP (power of 1.5-2.0 W, exposure time of 2 seconds and 20-50 applications). Patients were regularly followed up for 12 months. Intraocular pressure (10P) was measured before TSCP treatment and at each follow-up visit. Patients were divided into the sensitive and insensitive groups according to the effect of a single treatment of TSCP on IOP The success rate was defined as the percentage of eyes achieving an IOP between 5 and 21 mm Hg following TSCP therapy at their final follow up visit. Difference of age between the sensitive and insensitive groups was evaluated with Independent-samples T test and that of gender distribution of two groups was evaluated with Fisher's exact test. The success rate of different types of glaucoma to TSCP was calculated.Results A total of 32 patients were sensitive to TSCP (sensitive group) and 22 patients were insensitive to TSCP (insensitive group). The success rates of female (77.8%, 14/18) and cases being over 50 years (71.4%, 20/28) were higher than those of male (50.0%, 18/36) and ones being under 50 years (46.2%,12/26) (all P>0.05). The age of the sensitive and insensitive groups was 56.0±15.5 and 46.4±15.4 years,respectively (P=0.029). The age (P=0.029) and gender distribution (P=0.046) of the two groups had significant difference. The success rate of neovascular glaucoma, primary angle-closure glaucoma, primary open angle glaucoma, traumatic glaucoma, uveitic glaucoma, and secondary glaucoma after silicone oil injection to TSCP was 57.1%, 100.0%, 50.0%, 20.0%, 81.8%, and 0%, respectively.Conclusion Age, gender, and type of glaucoma appear to be associated with effect of TSCP on 10P control.

  13. The Association between Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 and Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 Levels and Clinical Prognosis in Patients with Ischemic Stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Yaşar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Recent studies report that the insulin-like growth factor system may be involved in stroke pathogenesis, and is reported to increase myelination, maturation, cell proliferation and neuronal sprouting of the central nervous system. The aim of the present study is to demonstrate the role of insulin-like growth factor system in ischemic stroke pathogenesis and its association with the prognosis by investigating insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 levels in patients diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: : Sixty-eight patients and 20 healthy individuals were included to this study. Clinical evaluation of the patients was performed according to National Institute of Health Stroke Scale and functional outcomes were graded according to Modified Rankin Scale. Bamford classification was used for the clinical classification of ischemic strokes, and the TOAST system for etiological classification. Each patient's levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 were measured on the first, fifth and thirtieth day of ischemic stroke. RESULTS: Only the levels of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 on the day of 5 were significantly decreased compared to the control group. The decrease in IGF-1 values was associated with an increased risk of death and was accompanied by clinical worsening and decreased functionality. CONCLUSION: It has been concluded that the levels of investigating insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 may affect mortality risk, clinical condition and functionality outcomes in patients presenting with ischemic stroke, and further studies are needed for the investigation of different effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 in future.

  14. Circulating angiogenic factors and risk of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies with suspected preeclampsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rana, Sarosh; Hacker, Michele R; Modest, Anna Merport; Salahuddin, Saira; Lim, Kee-Hak; Verlohren, Stefan; Perschel, Frank H; Karumanchi, S Ananth

    2012-08-01

    To evaluate whether angiogenic factor levels correlate with preeclampsia-related adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in women with twin pregnancy, we studied 79 women with suspected preeclampsia in the 3rd trimester. Antiangiogenic soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and proangiogenic placental growth factor (PlGF) were measured at presentation on an automated platform. An adverse outcome was defined as hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets syndrome; disseminated intravascular coagulation; abruption; pulmonary edema; cerebral hemorrhage; maternal, fetal, and neonatal death; eclampsia; acute renal failure; small for gestational age; and indicated delivery. All outcomes were ascertained 2 weeks after initial evaluation. Comparing the 52 women (65.8%) who experienced an adverse outcome with the 27 women (34.2%) without an adverse outcome, the median sFlt-1 was elevated (11461.5 pg/mL [8794.0-14847.5] versus 7495.0 pg/mL [3498.0-10482.0; P=0.0004]), PlGF was reduced (162.5 pg/mL [98.0-226.5] versus 224.0 pg/mL [156.0-449.0]; P=0.005), and sFlt-1/PlGF ratio was elevated (74.2 [43.5-110.5] versus 36.2 [7.1-71.3]; P=0.0005). Among those presenting preeclampsia, the sFlt-1/PlGF ratio at the time of initial evaluation is associated with subsequent adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. These findings are similar to those in singleton pregnancies and may implicate common pathogenic pathways. PMID:22753210

  15. A retrospective study on the incidences of adverse drug events and analysis of the contributing trigger factors

    OpenAIRE

    Sam, Aaseer Thamby; Lian Jessica, Looi Li; Parasuraman, Subramani

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To retrospectively determine the extent and types of adverse drug events (ADEs) from the patient cases sheets and identify the contributing factors of medication errors. To assess causality and severity using the World Health Organization (WHO) probability scale and Hartwig's scale, respectively. Methods: Hundred patient case sheets were randomly selected, modified version of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Global Trigger Tool was utilized to identify the ADEs; caus...

  16. Patient-reported health as a prognostic factor for adverse events following percutaneous coronary intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biering K

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Karin Biering,1 Hans Erik Bøtker,2 Troels Niemann,3 Niels Henrik Hjollund4,51Department of Occupational Medicine, Regional Hospital West Jutland, Herning, 2Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Aarhus, 3Department of Cardiology, Regional Hospital West Jutland, Herning, 4WestChronic, Regional Hospital West Jutland, Herning, 5Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, DenmarkObjective: A relation may exist between self-reported health and adverse events in coronary heart disease. Previous studies have been vulnerable to possible selection bias. In the study reported here, we examined the association between self-rated health and adverse events in terms of cardiac events, cardiac readmissions, and all-cause mortality in a complete cohort of patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI.Study design and setting: A cohort of patients with coronary heart disease treated with PCI was followed up with questionnaires 4 weeks after PCI to measure self-rated health and in registers to identify adverse events. Of 1,752 eligible patients under 67 years, 26 died during the first 4 weeks. A total of 224 patients were excluded from the analysis because they were readmitted with a cardiac diagnosis before answering the first questionnaire. We received complete SF-12 Health Survey component summaries from 984 of the remaining 1,502 patients. We used multiple imputation to establish a complete cohort, including nonrespondents.Results: During follow-up, 83 patients died, 220 patients experienced a new cardiac event, and 526 patients experienced a hospital readmission related to coronary heart disease. Poor self-rated health was related to cardiac events, cardiac readmission, and all-cause mortality. The associations were stronger for all-cause mortality than for events and readmissions. Physical health was more important than mental health, but both revealed an exposure–response pattern

  17. Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C in esophageal cancer correlates with lymph node metastasis and poor patient prognosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naganawa Yasuhiro

    2010-06-01

    VEGF-C expression group survived. Conclusions The expression of VEGF-C correlates with lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis. In patients with Tis and T1 esophageal tumors, the expression of VEGF-C may be a good diagnostic factor for determining metastasis of the lymph node.

  18. Incidence and risk factors of bleeding-related adverse events in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia treated with ibrutinib

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lipsky, Andrew H; Farooqui, Mohammed Z H; Tian, Xin;

    2015-01-01

    Ibrutinib is associated with bleeding-related adverse events of grade ≤2 in severity, and infrequently with grade ≥3 events. To investigate the mechanisms of bleeding and identify patients at risk, we prospectively assessed platelet function and coagulation factors in our investigator-initiated t......Ibrutinib is associated with bleeding-related adverse events of grade ≤2 in severity, and infrequently with grade ≥3 events. To investigate the mechanisms of bleeding and identify patients at risk, we prospectively assessed platelet function and coagulation factors in our investigator......-initiated trial of single-agent ibrutinib for chronic lymphocytic leukemia. At a median follow-up of 24 months we recorded grade ≤2 bleeding-related adverse events in 55% of 85 patients. No grade ≥3 events occurred. Median time to event was 49 days. The cumulative incidence of an event plateaued by 6 months...... 19 patients on ibrutinib (often transiently). Collagen and adenosine diphosphate induced platelet aggregation was tested using whole blood aggregometry. Compared to normal controls, response to both agonists was decreased in all patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, whether on ibrutinib or not...

  19. Effects of nitrogen on the tolerance of brown planthopper,Nilaparvata Lugens, to adverse environmental factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHONG-XIANLU; KONG-LUENHEONG; XIAO-PINGYU; CUIHU

    2005-01-01

    The effect of nitrogen content in rice plants on the tolerance of brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens Stal to high temperature, starvation and insecticide, was studied in the laboratory at International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines. Survival of nymphs and adults, fecundity and egg hatchability were significantly increased by the increase of nitrogen content in host plants at 38℃. Moreover, the survival of nymphs,fecundity and egg hatchability were significantly higher in BPH populations on rice plants with a high nitrogen regimen than those on rice plants with a low nitrogen regimen.Meanwhile, the tolerance of female adults to starvation and nymphs to growth regulator buprofezin on rice plants with a high nitrogen regimen were slightly increased. This indicates that the tolerances of BPH to adverse environmental stresses were positively increased by the application of nitrogenous fertilizer. The outbreak potential of BPH induced by the excessive application of fertilizer in rice fields was also discussed.

  20. The outcome and prognosis factors of adolescent nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated in a single institute-analysis of 148 patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical characteristics, outcome and prognostic factors of adolescent nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: Between Jan 1990 and Dec 2009, totally 148 pathological confirmed nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with age ≤20 years were treated in our hospital, including stage II 8, stage III 58, stage IV 81, and unknown 1 when restaged by TNM system (UICC 2002), ninety-four (63.5%) patients were treated with radiotherapy alone, 54 (36.5%)patients were treated with radiotherapy combined with cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Results: The median follow-up time for all patients was 44.5 months. The 5-year overall survival (OS), local-regional control (LRC) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) rates were 82.9%, 85.1% and 78.6%. There were 42 patients (28.4%) failed with 16 regional recurrence and 29 distant metastasis, and 3 with both; bone metastasis was the most common site of distant metastasis(22/29). In univariate analysis,the adverse prognostic factors for OS were stage T4(χ2=5.61, P=0.018), radiation dose 2=5.30, P=0.021), for LRC was radiation dose 2=4.24, P=0.039). In multivariate analysis, radiation dose 4 were the independent prognostic factors for OS (χ2=5.73, 5.56, P=0.017, 0.018), for LRC was radiation dose 2=5.81, P=0.016). Conclusions: The outcome of the present series was excellent, total nasopharyngeal radiation dose less than 70 Gy is inappropriate. Reduce the distant metastasis and late toxicities were the future direction for the treatment of adolescent nasopharyngeal carcinoma. (authors)

  1. TFIIB-Related Factor 2 Over Expression Is a Prognosis Marker for Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Correlated with Tumor Angiogenesis

    OpenAIRE

    Ming Lu; Hui Tian; Weiming Yue; Lin Li; Shuhai Li; Lei Qi; Wensi Hu; Cun Gao; Libo Si

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine BRF2 expression in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and explore the relationship of BRF2 protein with clinicopathologic factors, tumor angiogenesis and prognosis. METHODS: Both BRF2 protein and intratumoral microvessels were examined by immunohistochemical staining in 107 non-small cell lung cancer patients. Intratumoral microvessel density (MVD) was measured by counting CD-34 positive immunostained endothelial cells. Western bl...

  2. The MyD88+ phenotype is an adverse prognostic factor in epithelial ovarian cancer.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    d'Adhemar, Charles J

    2014-01-01

    The prognosis of epithelial ovarian cancer is poor in part due to the high frequency of chemoresistance. Recent evidence points to the Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4), and particularly its adaptor protein MyD88, as one potential mediator of this resistance. This study aims to provide further evidence that MyD88 positive cancer cells are clinically significant, stem-like and reproducibly detectable for the purposes of prognostic stratification. Expression of TLR4 and MyD88 was assessed immunohistochemically in 198 paraffin-embedded ovarian tissues and in an embryonal carcinoma model of cancer stemness. In parallel, expression of TLR4 and MyD88 mRNA and regulatory microRNAs (miR-21 and miR-146a) was assessed, as well as in a series of chemosensitive and resistant cancer cells lines. Functional analysis of the pathway was assessed in chemoresistant SKOV-3 ovarian cancer cells. TLR4 and MyD88 expression can be reproducibly assessed via immunohistochemistry using a semi-quantitative scoring system. TLR4 expression was present in all ovarian epithelium (normal and neoplastic), whereas MyD88 was restricted to neoplastic cells, independent of tumour grade and associated with reduced progression-free and overall survival, in an immunohistological specific subset of serous carcinomas, p<0.05. MiR-21 and miR-146a expression was significantly increased in MyD88 negative cancers (p<0.05), indicating their participation in regulation. Significant alterations in MyD88 mRNA expression were observed between chemosensitive and chemoresistant cells and tissue. Knockdown of TLR4 in SKOV-3 ovarian cells recovered chemosensitivity. Knockdown of MyD88 alone did not. MyD88 expression was down-regulated in differentiated embryonal carcinoma (NTera2) cells, supporting the MyD88+ cancer stem cell hypothesis. Our findings demonstrate that expression of MyD88 is associated with significantly reduced patient survival and altered microRNA levels and suggest an intact\\/functioning TLR4\\/MyD88

  3. The MyD88+ phenotype is an adverse prognostic factor in epithelial ovarian cancer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles J d'Adhemar

    Full Text Available The prognosis of epithelial ovarian cancer is poor in part due to the high frequency of chemoresistance. Recent evidence points to the Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4, and particularly its adaptor protein MyD88, as one potential mediator of this resistance. This study aims to provide further evidence that MyD88 positive cancer cells are clinically significant, stem-like and reproducibly detectable for the purposes of prognostic stratification. Expression of TLR4 and MyD88 was assessed immunohistochemically in 198 paraffin-embedded ovarian tissues and in an embryonal carcinoma model of cancer stemness. In parallel, expression of TLR4 and MyD88 mRNA and regulatory microRNAs (miR-21 and miR-146a was assessed, as well as in a series of chemosensitive and resistant cancer cells lines. Functional analysis of the pathway was assessed in chemoresistant SKOV-3 ovarian cancer cells. TLR4 and MyD88 expression can be reproducibly assessed via immunohistochemistry using a semi-quantitative scoring system. TLR4 expression was present in all ovarian epithelium (normal and neoplastic, whereas MyD88 was restricted to neoplastic cells, independent of tumour grade and associated with reduced progression-free and overall survival, in an immunohistological specific subset of serous carcinomas, p<0.05. MiR-21 and miR-146a expression was significantly increased in MyD88 negative cancers (p<0.05, indicating their participation in regulation. Significant alterations in MyD88 mRNA expression were observed between chemosensitive and chemoresistant cells and tissue. Knockdown of TLR4 in SKOV-3 ovarian cells recovered chemosensitivity. Knockdown of MyD88 alone did not. MyD88 expression was down-regulated in differentiated embryonal carcinoma (NTera2 cells, supporting the MyD88+ cancer stem cell hypothesis. Our findings demonstrate that expression of MyD88 is associated with significantly reduced patient survival and altered microRNA levels and suggest an intact/functioning TLR4

  4. Analysis of the related factors of sudden deafness prognosis%突发性耳聋预后相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕永华

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To explore the related factors of sudden deafness prognosis,and to provide effective clinical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease.Methods:103 cases with sudden deafness were selected from January 2011 to December 2013.Their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed.Selecting many maybe related factors of sudden deafness prognosis were given statistical analysis.The effects of related factors on the prognosis were evaluated.Results:Gender,age,sick ear had no significant correlation with prognosis(P>0.05).The start treatment time after the onset,the hearing loss degree when the onset, whether early using hormones had significant correlation with prognosis(P<0.05).Conclusion:Early treatment and early using hormone after the onset help hearing restored of patients.The hearing decreased degree of patients with is bigger,and the prognosis is worse.%目的:探讨突发性耳聋预后的相关因素,为诊断及治疗该病提供有效的临床依据。方法:2011年1月-2013年12月收治突发性耳聋患者103例,对其临床资料进行回顾性分析。选取多项与突发性耳聋预后可能相关的因素进行统计分析,评价各相关因素对预后的影响。结果:性别、年龄、患侧耳与预后无明显相关性(P>0.05);发病后开始治疗时间、发病时听力下降程度、是否早期使用激素等与预后有明显相关性(P<0.05)。结论:发病后早期治疗及早期使用激素有助于患者听力恢复;患者听力的下降程度越大,预后就越差。

  5. Analysis on influential factors of prognosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宇晨

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the gender difference of prognosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention(pPCI). Methods Between April 2003 and March 2009,743 patients undergoing pPCI in Beijing

  6. Intellectual disability: definition, etiological factors, classification, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis Discapacidad intelectual: definición, factores etiológicos, clasificación, diagnóstico, tratamiento y prognosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregorio Katz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Etiology and classification: Causal factors related with cognitive disability are multiples and can be classified as follows: Genetic, acquired (congenital and developmental, environmental and sociocultural. Likewise, in relation to the classification, cognitive disability has as a common denominator a subnormal intellectual functioning level; nevertheless, the extent to which an individual is unable to face the demands established by society for the individual’s age group has brought about four degrees of severity: Mild, moderate, severe and profound. Diagnostic: The clinical history must put an emphasis on healthcare during the prenatal, perinatal and postnatal period and include the results of all previous studies, including a genealogical tree for at least three generations and an intentional search for family antecedents of mental delay, psychiatric illnesses and congenital abnormalities. The physical exam should focus on secondary abnormalities and congenital malformations, somatometric measurements and neurological and behavioral phenotype evaluations. If it is not feasible to establish a clinical diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct high-resolution cytogenetic studies in addition to metabolic clinical evaluations. In the next step, if no abnormal data are identified, submicroscopic chromosomal disorders are evaluated. Prognosis: Intellectual disability is not curable; and yet, the prognostic in general terms is good when using the emotional wellbeing of the individual as a parameter. Conclusions: Intellectual disability should be treated in a comprehensive manner. Nevertheless, currently, the fundamental task and perhaps the only one that applies is the detection of the limitation and abilities as a function of subjects’ age and expectations for the future, with the only goal being to provide the support necessary for each one of the dimensions or areas in which the person’s life is expressed and exposed.Etiología y clasificaci

  7. Impact of early psychosocial factors (childhood socioeconomic factors and adversities on future risk of type 2 diabetes, metabolic disturbances and obesity: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamayo Teresa

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Psychological factors and socioeconomic status (SES have a notable impact on health disparities, including type 2 diabetes risk. However, the link between childhood psychosocial factors, such as childhood adversities or parental SES, and metabolic disturbances is less well established. In addition, the lifetime perspective including adult socioeconomic factors remains of further interest. We carried out a systematic review with the main question if there is evidence in population- or community-based studies that childhood adversities (like neglect, traumata and deprivation have considerable impact on type 2 diabetes incidence and other metabolic disturbances. Also, parental SES was included in the search as risk factor for both, diabetes and adverse childhood experiences. Finally, we assumed that obesity might be a mediator for the association of childhood adversities with diabetes incidence. Therefore, we carried out a second review on obesity, applying a similar search strategy. Methods Two systematic reviews were carried out. Longitudinal, population- or community-based studies were included if they contained data on psychosocial factors in childhood and either diabetes incidence or obesity risk. Results We included ten studies comprising a total of 200,381 individuals. Eight out of ten studies indicated that low parental status was associated with type 2 diabetes incidence or the development of metabolic abnormalities. Adjustment for adult SES and obesity tended to attenuate the childhood SES-attributable risk but the association remained. For obesity, eleven studies were included with a total sample size of 70,420 participants. Four out of eleven studies observed an independent association of low childhood SES on the risk for overweight and obesity later in life. Conclusions Taken together, there is evidence that childhood SES is associated with type 2 diabetes and obesity in later life. The database on the role of

  8. Analysis of prognosis factors of craniocerebral traffic injuries%重型颅脑损伤患者的预后因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐如祥; 薛杉; 张鹏; 姜晓丹; 罗成义; 柯以铨; 张世忠; 段传志; 王向宇; 王清华

    2009-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical factors affecting the prognosis of craniocerebral traffic injuries to provide scientific evidence for ameliorating the prognosis. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 652 patients treated in our hospital for serious injuries in car accidents (Glascow Coma score [GCS] 3~8) between February, 1998 and February, 2008. According to the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) three months after injury, patients were divided into good prognosis and poor prognosis groups. Their gender, age, type of brain injury, admission time, pupil status, blood oxygen saturation, systolic blood pressure, level of blood sugar, Injury Severity Score (ISS) and GCS were compared. Results As compared with the good prognosis group, the poor prognosis group showed a significant low level of blood oxygen saturation and systolic blood pressure, low GCS and pupils status score (P<0.05);it showed a long admission time, a significant high level of blood sugar and high ISS (P<0.05). Bad prognosis appeared in intracranial hematoma, contusion and laceration of the brain. And the level of blood sugar and oxygen, GCS and ISS were the independent factors affected the prognosis. Conclusion The level of oxygen saturation and blood sugar, ISS and GCS can help to evaluate the prognosis of patients with severe brain injury, effectively.%目的 探讨交通伤所致重型颅脑损伤患者预后的临床影响因素. 方法回顾性分析南方医科大学珠江医院神经外科自1998年2月至2008年2月收治的652例交通伤所致重型颅脑损伤患者的临床资料,伤后3个月根据患者格拉斯哥预后评分(GOS)分为预后良好组和预后不良组,比较患者性别、年龄、入院时间、瞳孔、血氧饱和度、收缩压、血糖、损伤严重度评分(ISS)、格拉斯哥昏迷评分(GCS)及脑损伤类型等10项指标在2组间的差异.结果 与预后良好组相比,预后不良组患者入院时间长、血糖和ISS评分较高,而

  9. Incidence and risk factors of serious adverse events during antituberculous treatment in Rwanda: a prospective cohort study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Lorent

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB and TB-human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV coinfection is a major public health concern in resource-limited settings. Although TB treatment is challenging in HIV-infected patients because of treatment interactions, immunopathological reactions, and concurrent infections, few prospective studies have addressed this in sub-Saharan Africa. In this study we aimed to determine incidence, causes of, and risk factors for serious adverse events among patients on first-line antituberculous treatment, as well as its impact on antituberculous treatment outcome. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Prospective observational cohort study of adults treated for TB at the Internal Medicine department of the Kigali University Hospital from May 2008 through August 2009. Of 263 patients enrolled, 253 were retained for analysis: median age 35 (Interquartile range, IQR 28-40, 55% male, 66% HIV-positive with a median CD4 count 104 cells/mm(3 (IQR 44-248 cells/mm(3. Forty percent had pulmonary TB, 43% extrapulmonary TB and 17% a mixed form. Sixty-four (26% developed a serious adverse event; 58/167 (35% HIV-infected vs. 6/86 (7% HIV-uninfected individuals. Commonest events were concurrent infection (n = 32, drug-induced hepatitis (n = 24 and paradoxical reactions/TB-IRIS (n = 23. HIV-infection (adjusted Hazard Ratio, aHR 3.4, 95% Confidence Interval, CI 1.4-8.7 and extrapulmonary TB (aHR 2, 95%CI 1.1-3.7 were associated with an increased risk of serious adverse events. For TB/HIV co-infected patients, extrapulmonary TB (aHR 2.0, 95%CI 1.1-3.9 and CD4 count <100 cells/mm3 at TB diagnosis (aHR 1.7, 95%CI 1.0-2.9 were independent predictors. Adverse events were associated with an almost two-fold higher risk of unsuccessful treatment outcome at 6 months (HR 1.89, 95%CI 1.3-3.0. CONCLUSION: Adverse events frequently complicate the course of antituberculous treatment and worsen treatment outcome, particularly in patients with extrapulmonary

  10. Adverse Factors in the Development of an Open University in Latin America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escotet, Miguel Angel

    1980-01-01

    Discusses variables such as financial resources, political determinants, resistance to innovation, learning styles, student population, organizational and institutional structures, human resources, and communication, as possible factors which detain adequate development of the open university in Latin America. Nineteen references are listed.…

  11. Factors associated with crashes involving taxi owners and non-owners: A case of moral hazard and adverse selection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, Richard; Choi, Jaisung

    2016-02-01

    Taxis experience a higher risk of a motor vehicle crash partly because of their much higher levels of exposure on the roads. Although several studies have been conducted to examine the factors associated with the frequency and severity of taxi collisions, little research has been conducted to examine the differences in the factors associated with owner taxis and non-owner taxis. This study finds that collisions involving non-owners are more likely to be associated with poor or risky driving behaviors than collisions involving taxi vehicle owners. This result is consistent with the economic principles of moral hazard and adverse selection. Hence, policy makers responsible for traffic safety, taxi regulation or taxi operations should consider measures to reduce these market inefficiencies and improve the safety of not only taxi drivers but all road users.

  12. Factors associated with crashes involving taxi owners and non-owners: A case of moral hazard and adverse selection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, Richard; Choi, Jaisung

    2016-02-01

    Taxis experience a higher risk of a motor vehicle crash partly because of their much higher levels of exposure on the roads. Although several studies have been conducted to examine the factors associated with the frequency and severity of taxi collisions, little research has been conducted to examine the differences in the factors associated with owner taxis and non-owner taxis. This study finds that collisions involving non-owners are more likely to be associated with poor or risky driving behaviors than collisions involving taxi vehicle owners. This result is consistent with the economic principles of moral hazard and adverse selection. Hence, policy makers responsible for traffic safety, taxi regulation or taxi operations should consider measures to reduce these market inefficiencies and improve the safety of not only taxi drivers but all road users. PMID:26655521

  13. COX analysis of survival risk factor with prognosis on youth esophageal cancer%青年人食管癌患者生存风险因素COX分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁翔; 邹济华; 周宜勇; 管欣; 梁析

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨青年人食管癌预后及生存相关的因素及风险因素.方法:选取我院收治的53例青年食管癌患者临床资料,采用单因素分析χ2检验及COX生存风险比例模型对患者预后与生存风险相关因素进行分析.结果:患者存活时间范围为10~142个月,中位生存时间32个月,1、3、5年生存率分别为92.4%、79.2%和30.2%,单因素分析显示,肿瘤直径、部位、TNM分期、分化程度、根治切除程度、放化疗与否是影响预后的相关因素,COX回归分析显示肿瘤TNM分期、肿瘤分化程度、根治切除与否是影响预后独立因素.结论:青年人食道癌的预后与肿瘤的生物学行为及治疗情况相关,适当的临床治疗能够改善青年食管癌患者的预后.%Objective: To investigate the survival risk and correlation factor with prognosis on youth esophageal carcinoma. Methods: 53 clinical dataes of young patients with esophageal carcinoma in our hospital were selected, survival risk and correlation factor were analyzed with univariate analysis Chi-square test and Cox&apos analysis. Results: Live time of patients was from 10 monthes to 142 monthes, median survival time was 32 month in young patients with esophageal carcinoma, survival rate in a year, three years and five years was 92.4%, 79.2% and 30.2%. Univariate analysis shown that diame -ter of tumor, position of tumor, TNM stage of tumor, differentiation of tumor, heath or not be excision radical whether or not receive radiotherapy and chemotherapy were correlation factor with prognosis. Cox&apos shown that TNM stage of tumor, differentiation of tumor, whether or not received radical excision were independent risk factors for prognosis. Conclusion: prognosis of patients with youth esophageal carcinoma is correlative with biological characteristics and treatment, suitable therapy can improve prognosis of patients with youth esophageal carcinoma.

  14. Individual and health facility factors and the risk for obstructed labour and its adverse outcomes in south-western Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turyakira Eleanor

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Obstructed labour is still a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality and of adverse outcome for newborns in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of individual and health facility factors and the risk for obstructed labour and its adverse outcomes in south-western Uganda. Methods A review was performed on 12,463 obstetric records for the year 2006 from six hospitals located in south-western Uganda and 11,180 women records were analysed. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were applied to control for probable confounders. Results Prevalence of obstructed labour for the six hospitals was 10.5% and the main causes were cephalopelvic disproportion (63.3%, malpresentation or malposition (36.4% and hydrocephalus (0.3%. The risk of obstructed labour was statistically significantly associated with being resident of a particular district [Isingiro] (AOR 1.39, 95% CI: 1.04-1.86, with nulliparous status (AOR 1.47, 95% CI: 1.22-1.78, having delivered once before (AOR 1.57, 95% CI: 1.30-1.91 and age group 15-19 years (AOR 1.21, 95% CI: 1.02-1.45. The risk for perinatal death as an adverse outcome was statistically significantly associated with districts other than five comprising the study area (AOR 2.85, 95% CI: 1.60-5.08 and grand multiparous status (AOR 1.89, 95% CI: 1.11-3.22. Women who lacked paid employment were at increased risk of obstructed labour. Perinatal mortality rate was 142/1000 total births in women with obstructed labour compared to 65/1000 total births in women without the condition. The odds of having maternal complications in women with obstructed labour were 8 times those without the condition. The case fatality rate for obstructed labour was 1.2%. Conclusions Individual socio-demographic and health system factors are strongly associated with obstructed labour and its adverse outcome in south-western Uganda. Our study provides baseline information which may be used by

  15. Risk factors of adverse drug reaction from non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in Shanghai patients with arthropathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen SHI; Yong-ming WANG; Shao-li LI; Min YAN; Duan Li; Bin-yah CHEN; Neng-neng CHENG

    2004-01-01

    AIM: The study was to screen the possible risk factors of adverse drug reaction (ADR) induced by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in Shanghai patients with arthropathy. METHODS: The subjects were randomly selected from a database of outpatients with arthropathy from 9 main hospitals in Shanghai. A door to door retrospective epidemiological survey was used to collect demographic information about the patients, both individual and familial. This included data on their medical histories, lifestyle and dietary habits, history of smoking and alcohol consumption, history of drug therapy, quality of life (QOL) prior to NSAIDs intake, history of NSAIDs therapy and its ADR events, etc. Descriptive statistical methods and univariate analysis were also used to identify possible risk factors for ADRs induced by NSAIDs. RESULTS: Of the 1002 patients surveyed, the average length of NSAIDs intake was 2 years. ADR incidence from different NSAIDs was high, in a range from 46.7 %-66.2 %.In general, the candidate risk factors for ADRs were different for each NSAID. Each of the candidate risk factors were defined and studied in order to evaluate its role in the determination of ADRs from NSAIDs. "Family history of ADRs caused by NSAIDs" was found to be a significant risk factor for the four commonly used NSAIDs:meloxicam, diclofenac, nimesulide, and nabumetone. CONCLUSION: A retrospective epidemiological survey was useful in detecting the risk factors for ADRs caused by NSAIDs. The study found that different NSAIDs might have different risk factors and that there is no single risk factor universally applicable to all NSAIDs.

  16. Adolescence as risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome in Central Africa--a cross-sectional study.

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    Florian Kurth

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest rates of maternal and neonatal mortality worldwide. Young maternal age at delivery has been proposed as risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome, yet there is insufficient data from Sub-Saharan Africa. The present study aimed to investigate the influence of maternal adolescence on pregnancy outcomes in the Central African country Gabon. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Data on maternal age, parity, birth weight, gestational age, maternal Plasmodium falciparum infection, use of bednets, and intake of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy were collected in a cross-sectional survey in 775 women giving birth in three mother-child health centers in Gabon. Adolescent women (≤16 years of age had a significantly increased risk to deliver a baby with low birth weight in univariable analysis (22.8%, 13/57, vs. 9.3%, 67/718, OR: 2.9, 95% CI: 1.5-5.6 and young maternal age showed a statistically significant association with the risk for low birth weight in multivariable regression analysis after correction for established risk factors (OR: 2.7; 95% CI: 1.1-6.5. In further analysis adolescent women were shown to attend significantly less antenatal care visits than adult mothers (3.3±1.9 versus 4.4±1.9 mean visits, p<0.01, n = 356 and this difference accounted at least for part of the excess risk for low birth weight in adolescents. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate the importance of adolescent age as risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome. Antenatal care programs specifically tailored for the needs of adolescents may be necessary to improve the frequency of antenatal care visits and pregnancy outcomes in this risk group in Central Africa.

  17. Expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is associated with expression of hypoxia-inducible factors 1 and 2 alpha and predicts prognosis in locally advanced breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Guimarães Tiezzi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze the expression of hypoxia-inducible factors (hypoxia-inducible factor 1A and hypoxia-inducible factor 2A and aldehyde dehydrogenase proteins in patients with locally advanced breast carcinoma who were subjected to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: We included 90 patients with histologically confirmed stage II and III breast carcinoma who were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy between 2000 and 2005. Immunohistochemistry for aldehyde dehydrogenase, hypoxia-inducible factor 1A, and hypoxia-inducible factor 2A was performed before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. We analyzed the influence of clinical and pathological features on clinical and pathological response, disease-free survival, and overall survival. RESULTS: An objective clinical response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was observed in 80% of patients, with 12% showing a complete pathological response. Among all clinical and pathological parameters, only the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1A was associated with a pathological response. A positive association was found between expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase and that of hypoxia-inducible factor 1A before and after chemotherapy. Aldehyde dehydrogenase expression was associated with expression of hypoxia inducible-factor 2A in tumors after neoadjuvant treatment. In a univariate analysis, prognosis was influenced by age, pathological response, metastasis to axillary lymph nodes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, overexpression of hypoxia-inducible factor 2, and the presence of aldehyde dehydrogenase-positive cells within the primary tumor after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. In a multivariate analysis, only age and the presence of aldehyde dehydrogenase-positive cells after chemotherapy were associated with reduced overall survival. CONCLUSION: The presence of aldehyde dehydrogenase-positive cells within the residual tumor after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is associated with an increase in the expression of hypoxia

  18. Early Life Adversity as a Risk Factor for Fibromyalgia in Later Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucie A. Low

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The impact of early life events is increasingly becoming apparent, as studies investigate how early childhood can shape long-term physiology and behaviour. Fibromyalgia (FM, which is characterised by increased pain sensitivity and a number of affective co-morbidities, has an unclear etiology. This paper discusses risk factors from early life that may increase the occurrence or severity of FM in later life: pain experience during neonatal life causes long-lasting changes in nociceptive circuitry and increases pain sensitivity in the older organism; premature birth and related stressor exposure cause lasting changes in stress responsivity; maternal deprivation affects anxiety-like behaviours that may be partially mediated by epigenetic modulation of the genome—all these adult phenotypes are strikingly similar to symptoms displayed by FM sufferers. In addition, childhood trauma and exposure to substances of abuse may cause lasting changes in developing neurotransmitter and endocrine circuits that are linked to anxiety and stress responses.

  19. Factors associated with poor prognosis among patients admitted with heart failure in a Nigerian tertiary medical centre: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sani Mahmoud U

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Heart failure is a major and growing public health problem worldwide. The prognosis of Heart Failure (HF is uniformly poor despite advances in treatment. The aims of the present study were to determine the causes of HF among patients admitted to a Nigerian tertiary medical centre, to determine the prevalence of factors known to be associated with poor prognosis among these patients, and to compare the factors and causes between males and females. Methods The study was cross-sectional in design, carried out on eligible patients who were consecutively admitted with HF, in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. The following established factors associated with poor prognosis of HF were assessed: low Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF of ≤ 40%, anaemia, renal impairment, cardiac rhythm disturbances on the electrocardiogram, prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc, complete Left Bundle Branch Block (LBBB and advanced age. Results A total of 79 patients were studied over a six-month period. Forty four (55.7% of these patients were males while the remaining 35 (44.3% were females. The most prevalent prognostic factor was low LVEF found in a total of 35 patients (44.3%, while the least prevalent was complete LBBB found in two male patients only (2.53%. The commonest cause of heart failure in all patients and males was hypertensive heart disease, found in a total of 45 patients (57.0%, comprising of 33 male (73.3% and 12 female patients (26.7% (p = 0.0003. Cardiomyopathies were the commonest causes in females, the predominant type being peripartum cardiomyopathy found in 11 (31.4% female patients. Acute myocardial infarction has emerged to be an important cause of HF in males (13.6% with a high in-hospital mortality of 66.7%. Conclusion The most prevalent factor associated with poor prognosis was low LVEF. Hypertensive heart disease and cardiomyopathies were the most common causes of HF in males and females respectively

  20. Atopic diseases: Risk factor in developing adverse reaction to intravenous N-Acetylcysteine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F Gheshlaghi

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: N-acetylcysteine (NAC is the choice treatment for acetaminophen overdose. The main side effect of intravenous NAC therapy is anaphylaxis or anaphylactoid reactions. We investigated the prevalence of anaphylactoid or anaphylaxis reactions to IV-NAC therapy in acetaminophen poisoned patients with atopic disease. Methods: A case series antrograde and descriptive–analytic study was done on acetaminophen poisoned patients who treated with IV-NAC from September 2003 to September 2004 in Isfahan, Iran. Results: Of 173 infused IV-NAC patients, 77 patients (44.5% developed an anaphylactoid reaction. Its side effects was nausea and vomiting (n=49, 63.15%, flashing (n=23, 30.26%, bronchospasm (n=20, 26.31%, vertigo (n=18, 23.68%, skin rash (n=25, 32.36% and hypotension (n=12, 15.75%. Also, 71 patients (41% had history of atopic disease. Atopic diseases were asthma (n=12, 6.9%, atopic dermatitis (n=7, 4%, allergic rhinitis (n=5, 2.8% and allergic conjunctivitis (n=1, 0.5%. Among 71 atopic patients, 59 patients (83.13 % developed side effects to NAC. There was a relation between previous history of atopic disease and anaphylactoid reaction to NAC. Conclusions: We report substantially higher incidence of anaphylactoid reactions to IV-NAC than previous studies. Different atopic diseases must be considered as a risk factor in the development of side effects to IV-NAC-therapy. Keywords: Poisoning, Acetaminophen, Anaphylactoid reaction, N-acetylcysteine, Atopic disease

  1. 1196例突发性聋预后影响因素分析%Factors Affecting Prognosis in Sudden Deafness:An Analysis of 1196 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕霞; 张强伟; 任鸿杰; 张芩娜

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨突发性聋预后的影响因素,为临床治疗及预后判断提供依据。方法对我科收治的1196例(1247耳)突发性聋患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析,将性别、年龄、耳侧、伴发症状、就诊时间、听力损失程度、伴有的基础疾病各因素进行分组,均与预后行χ2检验或Spearman秩相关,将对预后有影响的的因素引入有序Logistic回归分析,得出影响突发性聋预后的相关因素。结果性别、耳侧、耳鸣、耳闷、高血压病、糖尿病、脑梗,各组内预后差异无统计学意义(p>0.05),不同年龄、就诊时间、听力损失程度,是否伴有眩晕、颈椎病、血脂异常,其预后差异有统计学意义(p<0.05);而年龄、就诊时间、听力损失程度、眩晕与预后有相关性(p<0.05)结论就诊时间越短,听力损失程度越轻,不伴眩晕,突聋预后越好,年龄对预后的影响有明显的阶段性。%Objective To study factors influencing prognosis in sudden deafness and provide guidance for clinical treat⁃ment. Methods Clinical data from 1196 cases (1247 ears) of sudden deafness treated in our department were reviewed and an⁃alyzed. Factors including sex, age, ear side, concurrent symptoms, treatment time, degree of hearing loss and comorbidities were screened for possible correlation to prognosis usingχ2 test and Spearman's rank test. Logistic regression analysis was used to fur⁃ther analyzed promising factors for their correlation to the prognosis of sudden deafness. Results Sex, ear side, tinnitus, aural fullness, co-existing hypertension, diabetes and cerebral infarction were not correlated to sudden deafness prognosis (p>0.05). Age, treatment time, degree of hearing loss, presence of vertigo, cervical spondylosis and dyslipidemia showed correlation to prognosis (p<0.05). Conclusion The prognosis of sudden deafness appears to be better if treatment time is shorter and

  2. Relationship between serum carcinoembryonic antigen level and epidermal growth factor receptor mutations with the influence on the prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cai ZX

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Zuxun Cai Department of Thoracic Surgery, Henan Provincial Chest Hospital, Zhengzhou City, People’s Republic of China Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA level and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR gene mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC patients and to analyze the influence of CEA level on postoperative survival time in lung cancer patients. Methods: A total of 296 patients who were treated in Thoracic Surgery Department of Henan Provincial Chest Hospital from September 2011 to September 2013 were recruited. The level of tumor markers, such as CEA, was determined before the surgery, and EGFR gene mutations were detected after surgery. Thereby, the relationship between tumor makers, including CEA, and EGFR mutation and its influence on prognosis could be investigated. Results: Among 296 patients, the positive rate of EGFR gene mutation was 37.84% (112/296; the mutation occurred more frequently in nonsmokers, adenocarcinoma patients, women, and patients aged <60 years (P<0.05. Both tumor markers and chemosensitivity indicators were related to the profile of EGFR mutations. Elevated squamous cell carcinoma and Cyfra21-1 as well as positively expressed ERCC1 were more common in patients with wild-type EGFR (P<0.05, whereas increased CEA level was observed more frequently in patients with EGFR gene mutation (P=0.012. The positive rate of EGFR gene mutations was higher as the serum CEA level increased, that is, the positive rate in patients with serum CEA level <5, 5–20, and >20 µg/L was 39.81%, 45.32%, and 65.47%, respectively (P=0.004. Logistic regression analysis showed that CEA level was an independent factor in predicting EGFR gene mutations, and serum CEA level was also an independent factor in affecting the prognosis of NSCLC patients, as the overall 2-year survival rate was 73.86% in elevated CEA group and 86.43% in normal group (P<0.01. Conclusion: The prognosis of

  3. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... disease will go for you is called prognosis. It can be hard to understand what prognosis means ... prognosis include: The type of cancer and where it is in your body The stage of the ...

  4. Expressions of CLDN1 and insulin-like growth factor 2 are associated with poor prognosis in stage N2 non-small cell lung cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhen-fa; PEI Bao-xiang; WANG An-lei; ZHANG Lian-min; SUN Bing-sheng; JIANG Ri-cheng; WANG Chang-li

    2013-01-01

    Background Patients with single station mediastinal lymph node (N2) non-small call lung ccancer (NSCLC) have a better prognosis than those with multilevel N2.The molecular factors which are involved in disease progression remain largely unknown.The purpose of this study was to investigate gene expression differences between single station and multilevel N2 NSCLC and to identify the crucial molecular factors which are associated with progress and prognosis of stage N2 NSCLC.Methods Gene expression analysis was performed using Agilent 4x44K Whole Human Genome Oligo Microarray on 10 freshfrozen lymph node tissue samples from single station N2 and paired multilevel N2 NSCLC patients.Real-time reverse transcription (RT)-PCR was used to validate the differential expression of 14 genes selected by cDNA microarray of which four were confirmed.Immunohistochemical staining for these validated genes was performed on formalin-fixed,paraffinembedded tissue samples from 130 cases of stage N2 NSCLC arranged in a high-density tissue microarray.Results We identified a 14 gene expression signature by comparative analysis of gene expression.Expression of these genes strongly differed between single station and multilevel N2 NSCLC.Four genes (ADAM28,MUC4,CLDN1,and IGF2) correlated with the results of microarray and real-time RT-PCR analysis for the gene-expression data in samples from 56 NSCLC patients.Immunohistochemical staining for these genes in samples from 130 cases of stage N2 NSCLC demonstrated the expression of IGF2 and CLDN1 was negatively correlated with overall survival of stage N2 NSCLC.Conclusions Our results suggest that the expression of CLDN1 and IGF2 indicate a poor prognosis in stage N2 NSCLC.Further,CLDN1 and IGF2 may provide potential targeting opportunities in future therapies.

  5. Amplification of chromosome 2:Lq22.3 harboring trefoil factor family genes in liver fluke related cholangiocarcinoma is associated with poor prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kanuengnuch Muenphon; Temduang Limpaiboon; Patcharee Jearanaikoon; Chawalit Pairojkul; Banchob Sripa; Vajarabhongsa Bhudhisawasdi

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To determine allelic imbalance on chromosomal region 21q22-qter including trefoil factor family genes (TFF) in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) patients and analyze the correlation between allelic imbalances and clinicopathological parameters.METHODS: Quantitative PCR amplification was performed on four microsatellite markers and trefoil factor family genes (TFF1, TFF2, and TFF3) using a standard curve and SYBR Green Ⅰ dye method. The relative copy number was determined by DNA copy number of tested locus to reference locus. The relative copy number was interpreted as deletion or amplification by comparison with normal reference range. Associations between allelic imbalance and clinicopathological parameters of CCA patients were evaluated by x2-tests.Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze survival.RESULTS: The frequencies of amplification at D21S1890,D21S1893, and TFF3 were 32.5%, 30.0%, and 28.7%,respectively. Patients who had amplification at regions covering D21S1893, D21S1890, and TFF showed poor prognosis, whereas patients who had deletion showed favorable prognosis (mean: 51.7 wk vs 124.82 wk,P = 0.012). Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that amplification of D21S1893, D21S1890 and TFF,blood vessel invasion, and staging were associated with poor prognosis.CONCLUSION: D21S1893-D21S1890 region may harbor candidate genes especially TFF and serine protease family, which might be involved in tumor invasion and metastasis contributing to poor survival. The amplification in this region may be used as a prognostic marker in the treatment of CCA patients.

  6. Adverse life events as risk factors for behavioural and emotional problems in a 7-year follow-up of a population-based child cohort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Cathrine Skovmand; Nielsen, Louise Gramstrup; Petersen, Dorthe Janne;

    2014-01-01

    in previous studies. The fact that no other risk factor proved to be of significance might be due to lack of power in the study. Children experiencing high levels of adverse life events are at high risk of chronic problem behaviour. Thus these risk factors should be assessed in daily clinical practice.......Background and aim: The aim of the study was to identify risk factors for significant changes in emotional and behavioural problem load in a community-based cohort of Danish children aged 9-16 years, the risk factors being seven parental and two child-related adverse life events. Methods: Data...... significantly raised the odds ratio of an increase in emotional and behavioural problems; furthermore, the risk of deterioration in problem behaviour rose significantly with increasing number of adverse life events. By dividing the children into four groups based on the pathway in problem load (increasers...

  7. STUDY OF RISK FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO ADVERSE NEONATAL OUTCOME IN HYPERTENSIVE MOTHERS COMPARED TO NON HYPERTENSIVE MOTHERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swapna K

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To study the various risk factors in hypertensive mothers that contribute to adverse neonatal outcome in the form of low birth weight when compared to non - hypertensive mothers. SETTING: The study was conducted in the Inborn NICU and New born Follow up clinic of Department of Paediatrics in a rural Government medical college Hospital. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: INCLUSION CRITERIA: CASES: Consecutive sam ple of mothers with pregnancy induced hypertension during the study period who have given consent for the study were interviewed and their live born babies were included as cases. CONTROLS: Consecutive sample of live born babies born to non - hypertensive mo thers in the same study period were included as controls . Exclusion Criteria: Babies with major congenital anomalies chromosomal anomalies, intrauterine death were excluded . METHODOLOGY: Details of maternal risk factors were collected. Anthropometric parame ters, systemic examination, development and maturity of the babies were assessed. STATISTICAL TESTING: Significance testing was done using chi square test, odds ratio, analysis of risk ratios and cor r elation testing . P values greater than .05 were considered non - significant. Spss 16 Software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The incidence of low birth weight in this study was 45.6% which is considerably higher than in controls (16.6% and in the general population (19.1%. 33.8% of babies were preterm among the cases compared to 6.1% among controls. Among mothers with hypertension detected before 30 weeks, 90.3% had low birth weight babies. Among mothers with severe hypertension, 86.4% had low birth weight babies compared to 29.8% amo ng those with mild hypertension.92.3% pregnancies with Doppler abnormalities had LBW. 70.8% of LBW babies had antenatal intra uterine growth restriction.90.1% of hypertensive mothers with albuminuria had associated LBW. 100% babies had low birth

  8. Human factors issues for resolving adverse effects of human work underload and workload transitions in complex human-machine systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A workshop was conducted whose specific purpose was to build on earlier work of the United States National Research Council, United States Federal government agencies, and the larger human factors community to: (1) clarify human factors issues pertaining to degraded performance in advanced human-machine systems (e.g., nuclear production, transportation, aerospace) due to human work underload and workload transition, and (2) develop strategies for resolving these issues. Recent history demonstrates that: (1) humans often react adversely to their diminishing roles in advanced human-machine systems, and therefore (2) new allocation models and strategies are required if humans are to be willing and able to assume diminishing and shifting roles assigned to them in these systems, and are to accept new technologies making up these systems. Problems associated with theses diminishing and shifting human roles are characterized as work underload and workload transitions. The workshop affirmed that: (1) work underload and workload transition are issues that will have to be addressed by designers of advanced human-machine systems, especially those relying on automation, if cost, performance, safety, and operator acceptability are to be optimized, (2) human machine allocation models, standards, and guidelines which go beyond simple capability approaches will be needed to preclude or seriously diminish the work underload and workload transition problems, and (3) the 16 workload definition, measurement, situational awareness, and trust issues identified during the workshop, need resolution if these models, standards, and guidelines are to be achieved. (author)

  9. Intervillous macrophage migration inhibitory factor is associated with adverse birth outcomes in a study population in Central India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puspendra P Singh

    Full Text Available Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF is a pluripotent factor produced by a variety of cells. It plays an important biological role in the regulation of pregnancy and has been shown to influence malaria pathogenesis. In this study, the levels of MIF in the peripheral, cord and placental intervillous blood (IVB plasma collected from women residing in a malaria endemic region of Central India was determined and its association with malaria in pregnancy and birth outcomes was investigated. MIF levels were significantly different in IVB, peripheral, and cord plasma, with IVB plasma having the highest MIF levels and peripheral plasma having the lowest. Placental malaria positive women had significantly higher IVB plasma MIF levels than placental malaria negative women, but this relationship was not seen in peripheral or cord plasma MIF levels. In addition, the odds of stillbirth and low birth weight deliveries for the uppermost placental MIF quartile (irrespective of placental malaria status was significantly higher than that of the lowest placental MIF quartile, supporting the hypothesis that elevated concentrations of placental MIF may be associated with an increased risk of adverse birth outcome.

  10. 突发性耳聋预后的相关因素探讨%Analysis of relevant factors on prognosis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵璟; 桂晓钟

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨影响突发性耳聋预后的相关因素。方法286例突发性耳聋患者治疗前和治疗后进行纯音听阈测试对比,探讨影响预后的相关因素。结果突发性耳聋预后与患者的发病时间、年龄大小、听力损失情况、有无眩晕、高血压、糖尿病及焦虑情绪有关,而与性别无关。结论突发性耳聋患者发病时间越长、年龄越大、听力损失越重,治疗预后越差。听力图中,高频型和水平型比中频型和低频型预后差,全聋型最差。不伴眩晕、无高血压高血脂糖尿病、无焦虑情绪的突发性耳聋患者疗效明显好于伴眩晕、有高血压高血脂糖尿病、有焦虑情绪患者。%Objective To evaluate the factors that may affect the prognosis of hearing recovery in cases of idiopathic sudden sensori-neural hearing loss( ISSHL) . Methods Through retrospective analysis of the 286 cases of ISSHL that were diagnosed and treated in our de-partment, and comparison between changes in pure tone threshold audiometry before and after treatment, the correlation factors of prognosis of ISSHL were explored. Results The prognosis was correlated with patients' morbidity time, age, degree of hearing loss, hearing loss curve type, disease of high blood pressure, dizziness and diabetes, and anxiety, and no correlation with gender was found. Conclusion The youn-ger the patients with ISSHL were, and the shorter the time of onset was, the better the prognosis would be. The efficacy of ISSHL without ver-tigo, underlying diseases and anxiety was significantly better than that with vertigo, underlying diseases and anxiety. Among various types of hearing loss curve, the prognoses of intermediate-frequency type and low-frequency type were better than those of high-frequency type and horizontal type, and the deaf type came the worst.

  11. Prognosis value of Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α expression in patients with bone and soft tissue sarcoma: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yongjiang; Zhang, Wenbiao; Li, Shuangjiang; Tu, Chongqi

    2016-01-01

    The prognostic significance of Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in patients with bone and soft tissue sarcoma remains controversial. To investigate the impact of its expression on survival outcomes, we performed a meta-analysis. Comprehensive literature searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library. A total of 16 studies published from 2006 to 2015 were included. We found that expression of HIF-1α was significantly associated with higher rate of metastasis (RR 3.21, 95 % CI 2.12-4.84, P HIF-1α expression might be an effective predicative factor of poor prognosis for bone and soft tissue sarcoma. PMID:27606158

  12. PRISMA-Compliant Article: Clinical Characteristics and Factors Influencing Prognosis of Patients With Hepatoid Adenocarcinoma of the Stomach in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Bao-Ge; Bi, Wei-Min; Qu, Bao-Teng; Qu, Tao; Han, Xing-Hai; Wang, Hui; Liu, Yuan-Xun; Jia, Yi-Guo

    2016-04-01

    Most previous studies have been single case reports, and studies with large samples are presently lacking. In addition, no studies have investigated the associations between the clinical characteristics and prognosis of hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the stomach (HAS).The aim of this study was to explore the associations of different clinical characteristics with the ages, serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels, and survival times of HAS patients.The present study was conducted using the CBM disc, HowNet, Wanfang and VIP data resource systems, and PubMed. According to the PRISMA Flow Diagram, certain case reports from the same center, those that did not provide patient age or sex, and those that did not report serum AFP levels or AFP immunohistochemistry results were excluded. A total of 131 relevant articles, including 124 case reports, 5 reviews, and 2 postgraduate Master's theses, were reported in the above-mentioned five databases. We applied inclusion criteria to case reports on the clinical characteristics and prognosis of HAS, which resulted in the ultimate inclusion of 180 patients from 62 case reports for statistical analyses.The main finding was that the age of the men was significantly higher than that of the women (P = 0.004). In addition, the serum AFP levels of the participants with antral disease were significantly higher than those with nonantral disease (P = 0.001). The median serum AFP levels and survival times significantly differed among the patients with the three lesion types (P = 0.001 and 0.019, respectively). The serum AFP levels of the participants with ulcerative-upheaval-type tumors and purely ulcerative tumors were significantly higher than those with upheaval-type tumors (P = 0.000 and 0.017, respectively). In addition, the serum AFP levels of the participants with ulcerative-upheaval-type tumors were significantly higher than those with ulcerative-type tumors (P = 0.019), and their survival time was also significantly

  13. Growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 in prognosis coronary artery disease in patients with obesity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Viktorovna Shpagina

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. In patients with obesity coronary atherosclerosis and chronic heart failure (CHF progress rapidly and have a worse long-term prognosis than those with normal weight.Objective: To investigate the prognostic significance of GH and IGF-1 in the evaluation of cardiovascular risk in patients with obesity.Materials and Methods. The study included 75 men (mean age 55.31±6.32 years, which are overweight or have mild obesity (body mass index (BMI 28.69±3.6 kg/m2. Group 1 included 45 patients (age 56.4±6.29 years, BMI 28.69±3.69 kg/m2, blood pressure 124±10.18/80±4.59 mm Hg who underwent coronary angiography. Group 2 included 30 patients (mean age 53.6 ± 6.1 years, BMI 28.68±3.52 kg/m2, blood pressure 128±9/83±6.81 mm Hg, CAD who are excluded by treadmill test. The coronary artery calcium score was assessed in group 2. All participants were evaluated impaired glucose tolerance (IGT, triglycerides (TG, IGF-1 and GH, LPHD, LPLD, geometry of the heart chambers was assessed by echocardiography.Results. Patients in both groups did not differ in age, BMI, blood pressure. IGF-1 levels were not significantly different among the study groups. High circulating IGF-1 levels were frequently observed in group 1 (р=0.018. A statistically significant association of high IGF-1 observed with obesity (p=0.033, smoking (p=0.049, hypertension (p=0.002, end-diastolic dimension (p=0.045. GH was lower in group 1 compared with group 2 (p=0.046. Serum levels of GH are positively associated with EF (p=0.023 and E/A (p=0.043 and negatively associated with left atrial wall thickness (p=0.025 and coronary artery calcium score (p=0.005.Conclusion: 1. IGF-1 may be a useful indicator to assess the prognosis of CAD and CHF in patients with obesity. 2. Relative GH deficiency was more often associated with severe CAD in patients with obesity.

  14. Profile of Patients with Acute Poisoning and Factors Effecting Prognosis: A Retrospective Analysis in the Intensive Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Toptaş

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyse demographic and epidemiologic characteristics, clinical course, laboratory results and prognosis of patients who were admitted to Haseki Training and Research Hospital Intensive Care Unit due to intoxication between 24.11 2007 and 21.02.2013. Methods: We evaluated age, gender, types of intoxication (accident, suicide, etiology, length of stay, mortality rate, duration of mechanical ventilation, and blood pressure, heart rate and symptoms at the time of admission. Patients who took multiple drugs were recorded. Liver and kidney function tests, blood glucose, complete blood count parameters, electrolytes and arterial blood gas values at the time of admission were evaluated. Results: A total of 59 cases of intoxication were studied. 59.7% of patients were male, 42.4% were female. The mean age was 32±13 years. 86.4% of cases occurred due to suicide attempts and 13.6%, accidentally. In our study, it was found that the most common intoxication agents were paracetamol and amitriptyline, and the most common cause of death was methyl alcohol intoxication. Conclusion: Our results showed that a significant portion of the intoxication cases admitted to the intensive care unit were young adults who attempted suicide by overdosing on drugs. (The Me­di­cal Bul­le­tin of Ha­se­ki 2014; 52: 29-33

  15. PEA3/ETV4-related transcription factors coupled with active ERK signalling are associated with poor prognosis in gastric adenocarcinoma

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Keld, R

    2011-06-28

    Background: Transcription factors often play important roles in tumourigenesis. Members of the PEA3 subfamily of ETS-domain transcription factors fulfil such a role and have been associated with tumour metastasis in several different cancers. Moreover, the activity of the PEA3 subfamily transcription factors is potentiated by Ras-ERK pathway signalling, which is itself often deregulated in tumour cells.\\r\

  16. 多发性抽动症预后的影响因素分析%Analysis of Prognosis Influencing Factor of Children with Tourette Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽新; 陈秀梅; 谭雅婷; 曾维嘉

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the related factors influencing the prognosis of children with Tourette syndrome ( TS) . Methods We collected 420 outpatient cases of TS children in the department of pediatrics of Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January of 2007 to October of 2010 as the research objects. Using the unified survey questionnaire, we observed the influencing factors of TS prognosis such as sex, onset age, mother’s pregnancy situation, the perinatal period, partiality for food intake, family relationship, the first symptom, the severity of disease, underlying diseases, comorbidities ( such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder) , family history of psychiatric or neurological diseases, trace elements levels, electroencephalogram (EEG), antistreptolycin O (ASO), course of disease, and maintenance treatment. The related factors of prognosis was analyzed with single factor and multiple factors Logistic regression analysis. Results Among the 420 cases of TS children, 396 cases were included into the final analysis, 24 were lost and the follow-up lost rate was 5.7%. The remission rate of TS was 78.3%, and the uncured rate was 21.7%. The results of preliminary screening of the influencing factors by single factor Logistic analysis showed that the related influencing factors for TS prognosis were 12, and they were course of diseases, abnormal birth history, father’s education level, mother’s education level, upbringing methods, family history of psychiatric or neurological diseases, underlying disease history, comorbidities history, abnormal ASO, the severity of disease, the frequency of disease relapse, and the medication history of western medicine (P<0.05) . And then the obtained 12 factors were analyzed by the multiple fac tors Lo gistic regression analysis, the results showed that upbringing methods, comorbidities history, the severity of disease, and the frequency of

  17. 类风湿关节炎预后相关因素分析%Analysis of correlative factors on prognosis in rheumatoid arthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林玲; 肖征宇; 黄少弼; 许杰洲

    2003-01-01

    目的对 RA患者的影像学病情进展进行随访,探讨影响类风湿关节炎 (rheumatoid arthritis, RA)预后的相关因素 ,为治疗方案的合理选择提供依据.方法对 41例使用改善病情的抗风湿药物( DMARDs)治疗的 RA患者双手相 X线进展情况进行 2- 9年随访,采用多因素 logistic回归分析性别、发病年龄、病程、起病关节、关节外表现、类风湿因子、抗核抗体、抗核周抗体、抗鼠食管角质层抗体、抗 RA33抗体、 HLA-DRB1 04等位基因等因素与 RA预后的关系.结果根据 Steinbrocker分期有无进展将 41例 RA分为两组,有进展组及无进展组的平均随访时间分别为( 4.7± 2.8)年和( 3.8± 1.5)年 , 差异无显著性 (P=0.155, 95% CI: 0.375- 2.280 ).只有 DRB1 04对 RA影像学病情进展具有显著性意义 (P=0.035, 回归系数 R=0.220, 期望值 Exp=6.753).结论 HLA-DRB1等位基因可作为估计 RA病情及预后的指标.%Aim Early diagnosis and intervention may provide the greatest benefit for reducing the deformity and disability in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the initial steps in the management are to make a appropriate estimate of prognosis. Consequently a follow-up study was performed to investigate the correlative factors which may impact the prognosis in RA. Methods 41 cases of RA who had received disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) treatment were studied. All of them had taken X-ray photographs of hands and followed up for 2- 9 years. Use multivariate logistic regression analyses to analyze the factors which may impact the prognosis in RA such as sex, onset age, disease duration, onset joint, extraarticular involvements, rheumatoid factor (RF), antinuclear antibodies (ANA), antiperinuclear factor (APF), anti-keratin antibodies (AKA), anti-RA33 antibodies and HLA-DRB1 04 alleles. Results Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that DRB1 04 alleles were associated with the radiographic damage of RA(P=0

  18. 结核性脑膜炎近期预后的影响因素研究%Influential Factors on Short-term Prognosis of Tuberculous Meningitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈劲松; 郑建明; 岳增昌; 黄天文; 李康增

    2011-01-01

    Objective To assess the short - term prognosis in patients with tuberculous meningitis ( TBM ) and its influential factors. Methods The outcomes of improvement on discharge, or deterioration/death were taken as the index to analyze general clinical data, the parameters of laboratory and nuero - imaging examinations of the 105 TBM patients. And univariate and binary multivariate Logistic regression analyses were taken to determine the influential factors to prognosis of the patients. Results The univariate analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences between the improved group and deteriorated/ death group in conscious level, blood white - cell count, and radiographic evidence of brain swelling ( P < 0. 05 ). The multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the decreased chloride levels of cerebrospinal fluid and decreased level of consciousness on admission were independently associated with the short - term poor outcome. Conclusion The patients with tuberculous meningitis who have decreased chloride levels of cerebrospinal fluid and decreased level of consciousness have poorer clinical prognosis.%目的 探讨结核性脑膜炎患者近期预后的影响因素.方法 以患者出院时好转或恶化/死亡为转归指标,对105例结核性脑膜炎患者的一般临床资料、实验室检查、神经影像学检查等因素进行分析.通过单因素分析和二分类多因素Logistic回归分析,确定患者预后的影响因素.结果 单因素分析显示,好转组与恶化/死亡组患者的意识障碍、血白细胞计数、脑肿胀间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);多因素分析结果显示,入院时的意识障碍和脑脊液氯化物水平降低为影响预后的独立危险因素.结论 入院时即有意识障碍和脑脊液氯化物水平降低的结核性脑膜炎患者,临床预后较差.

  19. BDNF Val 66 Met and 5-HTTLPR genotype moderate the impact of early psychosocial adversity on plasma brain-derived neurotrophic factor and depressive symptoms: a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchmann, Arlette F; Hellweg, Rainer; Rietschel, Marcella; Treutlein, Jens; Witt, Stephanie H; Zimmermann, Ulrich S; Schmidt, Martin H; Esser, Günter; Banaschewski, Tobias; Laucht, Manfred; Deuschle, Michael

    2013-08-01

    Recent studies have emphasized an important role for neurotrophins, such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), in regulating the plasticity of neural circuits involved in the pathophysiology of stress-related diseases. The aim of the present study was to examine the interplay of the BDNF Val⁶⁶Met and the serotonin transporter promoter (5-HTTLPR) polymorphisms in moderating the impact of early-life adversity on BDNF plasma concentration and depressive symptoms. Participants were taken from an epidemiological cohort study following the long-term outcome of early risk factors from birth into young adulthood. In 259 individuals (119 males, 140 females), genotyped for the BDNF Val⁶⁶Met and the 5-HTTLPR polymorphisms, plasma BDNF was assessed at the age of 19 years. In addition, participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Early adversity was determined according to a family adversity index assessed at 3 months of age. Results indicated that individuals homozygous for both the BDNF Val and the 5-HTTLPR L allele showed significantly reduced BDNF levels following exposure to high adversity. In contrast, BDNF levels appeared to be unaffected by early psychosocial adversity in carriers of the BDNF Met or the 5-HTTLPR S allele. While the former group appeared to be most susceptible to depressive symptoms, the impact of early adversity was less pronounced in the latter group. This is the first preliminary evidence indicating that early-life adverse experiences may have lasting sequelae for plasma BDNF levels in humans, highlighting that the susceptibility to this effect is moderated by BDNF Val⁶⁶Met and 5-HTTLPR genotype.

  20. Advances on the factors affecting the prognosis of patients with tongue cancer%舌癌患者预后的影响因素研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜彦

    2012-01-01

    楔状缺损是非龋性疾病中的常见病,是牙齿唇、颊面牙颈部硬组织发生慢性消耗所致的缺损.其缺损由两个平面相交而成,边缘整齐,表面坚硬光滑,一般均为牙体硬组织本色,有时可有不同程度的着色好发生于前磨牙,尤其是第一前磨牙,随着年龄增长,楔状缺损有增加的趋势,年龄愈大,楔状缺损愈严重.近年来国内外学者对于楔状缺损的病因学研究更加深入、临床治疗进展的报道也越来越多,本文对楔状缺损的病因、流行情况及治疗进展进行综述.%Tongue in oral cancer with high incidence, prone to lymph node metastasis, prognosis is poor, therefore looking for effects of patients with tongue cancer prognostic factors and index is always the hot research of tongue cancer. The factors affecting the prognosis of tongue cancer more research are discussed, The aim of this article is to throw out a minnow to catch a whale and improve on tongue cancer awareness,and to promte the treatment result of tongue cancer.

  1. Interaction Between Childhood Adversity, Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor val/met and Serotonin Transporter Promoter Polymorphism on Depression : The TRAILS Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nederhof, E; Bouma, Esther; Oldehinkel, A.J.; Ormel, J.

    2010-01-01

    Background: The three-way interaction between the functional polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene linked promoter region, the val66met polymorphism in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene, and childhood adversity in the prediction of depression in children, reported by Kaufman and co

  2. Frequent Mental Distress, Chronic Conditions, and Adverse Health Behaviors in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, Jordan, 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohannad Al-Nsour, MD, MSc

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Recent evidence indicates that chronic diseases and mental illness are associated. In the Middle Eastern country of Jordan, chronic diseases and frequent mental distress (FMD are increasing; however, the capacity for mental health care is limited. The objective of this study was to determine the association between FMD, chronic conditions, and adverse health behaviors in Jordan. Methods The third cycle of the Jordan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (2007 served as the data source for this study. The sample consisted of 3,612 noninstitutionalized Jordanian adults aged 18 years or older. Logistic regression was used to obtain odds ratios for the association between chronic conditions, health behaviors, and FMD adjusted for age, sex, marital status, education, income, and employment. Results In the adjusted models, people with hypertension (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.0; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6–2.7, high cholesterol (AOR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.6–3.2, diabetes (AOR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1–2.4, and asthma (AOR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.5–3.1 and smokers (AOR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.1–2.0 were more likely to have FMD than people without each of these conditions. Adults who reported vigorous physical activity were less likely to have FMD (AOR, 0.6; 95% CI, 0.4–0.9 than their less active counterparts. Conclusions In Jordan, FMD was associated with several chronic conditions. As a result, we suggest additional research to examine the complex relationship between FMD and chronic conditions. More doctors in the primary health care system should be trained in mental health.

  3. Analysis of adverse events and predisposing factors in voluntary and replacement whole blood donors: A study from north India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naveen Agnihotri

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lack of awareness and community motivation, compounded with fragmented blood transfusion services in our country, Often leads to shortage of blood. Donor recruitment and retention are essential for ensuring adequate blood supply. However, adverse events (AEs in donors have a negative impact on donor return. Aims and Objectives: The present study was aimed to assess the frequency of AEs in whole blood donors and analyze the predisposing factors for AEs. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on allogeneic whole blood donors over a period of 14 months, i.e., from January 2002 to February 2003. A total of 37,896 donors were monitored for any AEs: 22587 (59.6% were voluntary donors (VD and 15,309 (40.4% were replacement donors (RD. Results: Overall reaction rate was 2.5% with vasovagal reactions constituting 63.5% and hematomas 35.0% of all reactions. Vasovagal reactions showed a significant association with young age, lower weight, first time donation status, female gender, and nature of blood donation camps. Amongst male donors, RDs had more reactions (P=0.03 than VDs. Majority of donors (85% with vasovagal reactions admitted to some fear or anxiety prior to donation. Hematoma formation occurred significantly more when less trained staff performed phlebotomy. Conclusion: Donor safety is an essential prerequisite to increase voluntary blood donation. AE analysis helps in identifying the blood donors at risk of donor reactions and adopting appropriate donor motivational strategies, pre-donation counseling, and care during and after donation.

  4. Research progress of environmental factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes%不良妊娠结局的环境因素研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜波玲; 卢媛

    2013-01-01

    妊娠不良结局的相关因素很多,这些危险因素影响着孕妇的健康,增加不良妊娠结局风险,包括早产、低出生体重、出生缺陷等。导致妊娠不良结局的原因目前主要分为母体、胎儿、环境三方面。研究环境因素与不良妊娠结局的关系,减少孕妇高危环境暴露,提前采取干预措施,可避免不良妊娠结局的发生。该文就不良妊娠结局的环境因素研究进展进行综述。%There are many related risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes , which affect the health of pregnant women and lead to the increase of adverse pregnancy outcomes , including preterm delivery, low birth weight, birth defects, etc.The causes of adverse pregnancy outcomes are mainly from the aspects of parent , fetus and environment .Studying on the relationship between environmental factors and adverse pregnancy outcomes of pregnant women , reducing environment exposure of pregnant women and taking preventive measures beforehand can avoid adverse pregnancy outcomes .This article gave an overview of research progress on environmental factors in adverse pregnancy outcome .

  5. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Overview Cancer Screening Overview–for health professionals Screening Tests Research Diagnosis and Staging Symptoms Diagnosis Staging Prognosis ... Cancer Prevention Overview Screening Cancer Screening Overview Screening Tests Diagnosis & Staging Symptoms Diagnosis Staging Prognosis Treatment Types ...

  6. Analysis of influencing factors on prognosis of hemicraniectomy for severe traumatic brain injury%影响大骨瓣减压术治疗重型颅脑损伤预后的因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐云峰; 于德强; 张成功

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze influencing factors on prognosis of hemicraniectomy for severe traumatic brain injury. Methods The clinical data of 73 cases with severe traumatic brain injury were selected and retrospectively analyzed. All cases were divided into good prognosis group and poor prognosis group according to the prognosis of patients. Related factors on prognosis were analyzed. Results Multivariate analysis showed that injury to surgery time, GCS 6-8, GCS 3-5, abnormal pupil, preoperative midline shift, preoperative status of basal cisterns, preoperative blood sugar were influencing factors on prognosis of hemicraniectomy for severe traumatic brain injury (P < 0.01). Conclusion Influencing factors on prognosis of hemicraniectomy for severe traumatic brain injury are influencing factors on prognosis of hemicraniectomy for severe traumatic brain injury.%目的:探讨影响大骨瓣减压术治疗重型颅脑损伤预后的的相关因素。方法选择我院救良治的颅脑损伤大骨瓣减压术患者73例的临床资料进行回顾性分析,根据患者预后分为预后良好组和预后不良两组,分析影响患者预后的相关因素。结果多因素分析结果显示受伤至手术时间、GCS 6~8分、GCS 3~5分、瞳孔异常、术前中线移位、术前基地池形态、术前血糖是影响颅脑损伤患者大骨瓣减压术后预后的相关因素(P<0.01)。结论影响大骨瓣减压术重型颅脑损伤患者预后的因素主要有受伤至手术时间、GCS 6~8分、GCS 3~5分、瞳孔、术前中线移位、术前基地池形态、术前血糖。

  7. Vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinases, and cyclooxygenase-2 influence prognosis of uterine cervical cancer in young women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noriyuki, Maiko; Sumi, Toshiyuki; Zhi, Xu; Misugi, Fumiko; Nobeyama, Hiroyuki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Matsumoto, Yoshinari; Yasui, Tomoyo; Honda, Ken-Ichi; Ishiko, Osamu

    2007-09-01

    Recent changes in the lifestyle of young women have led to an increase in the rate of uterine cervical cancer. We investigated the clinicopathological characteristics of uterine cervical cancer in young women, and examined the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Tumor samples from 439 patients with uterine cervical cancer, who were initially treated at Osaka City University Medical School Hospital, Japan between 1995 and 2004, were stained immunohistochemically. The patients were classified into two groups according to age at onset: group Y included women aged or =36 years. Group Y had more cases of squamous cell carcinoma, while group O had more advanced cases (Pcervical cancer in young women.

  8. Improved survival and renal prognosis of patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy with improved control of risk factors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andrésdóttir, Gudbjörg; Jensen, Majken; Carstensen, Bendix;

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term survival, development of renal end points, and decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in patients with type 2 diabetes and diabetic nephropathy (DN) after renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibition and multifactorial treatment of cardiovascular risk factors have...... become standard of care. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: All patients with type 2 diabetes and DN (n = 543) at the Steno Diabetes Center were followed during 2000-2010. GFR was measured yearly with 51Cr-EDTA plasma clearance. Annual decline in GFR was determined in patients with at least three measurements...... over a minimum of 3 years (∆GFR cohort, n = 286). Results were compared with historical data, obtained using identical criteria at our hospital, before implementation of current treatment guidelines. RESULTS: Baseline mean (SD) GFR was 74 (32) mL/min/1.73 m2. More than 93% received RAS inhibition...

  9. Role of von Willebrand factor levels in the prognosis of stage Ⅳ colorectal cancer: Do we have enough evidence?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    I. Gil-Bazo; J. A Díaz-González; J. Rodríguez; J. Cortés; E. Calvo; J. A. Páramo; J. García-Foncillas

    2005-01-01

    @@ TO THE EDITOR Cancer patients usually present a prothrombotic condition.Several clotting-related proteins, such as yon Willebrand factor (vWF), presenting higher plasma concentrations in these patients, may play a key role in this process. Moreover,some of those proteins are currently being characterized as response rate and overall survival markers in metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC). In this comment article, we discuss the last piece of evidence that supports the use of vWF as a prognostic indicator in MCRC patients, provided by a paper recently published by Wang et al., in the World Journal of Gastroenterology. Summarizing, although vWF should be seriously considered as potential future prognostic and predictive indicator in colorectal cancer, more dynamic and better designed studies in longer series of patients should be conducted before standardizing its universal use among these patients.

  10. Incidence, risk factors, and prognosis of acute kidney injury following transarterial chemoembolization in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: A prospective cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J F Hao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE is an effective first-line therapy for intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. Acute renal injury may be induced after transarterial chemoembolization because of iodinated radiocontrast medium, but its incidence, risk factors, and prognosis remain unclear. Patients and Methods: This prospective study enrolled 166 HCC patients with a total of 316 TACE treatments. The incidence, risk factors, and prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI were examined. Results: The incidence of post-TACE AKI was 21.84% (69/316 according to Barrett and Parfrey criteria, whereas 7.59% (24/316 according to acute kidney injury network (AKIN criteria. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum total bilirubin (TB (>13.5 μmol/L; odds ratio [OR]: 1.871 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.044-3.352; P = 0.035 and hemoglobin (HGB level (55 years; OR: 3.456, 95% CI: 1.107-10.790; P = 0.033, post-TACE AKI history (OR: 7.108, 95% CI: 1.387-36.434, P = 0.019, and serum aminotransferase level (>55 U/L; OR: 4.420, 95% CI: 1.792-10.906; P = 0.001 were associated with the development of AKI after TACE procedure in accordance to AKIN criteria. Total hospitalization cost was significantly higher (P = 0.034 in the patients with AKI after TACE procedure according to Barrett and Parfrey criteria. A post-TACE AKI diagnosis was associated with mortality in any definition used (P = 0.034 and P = 0.001 for Barrett and Parfrey and AKIN criteria, respectively. Conclusion: The present study showed that the incidence of post-TACE AKI was high in HCC patients (i.e., 7.59-21.84% depending on criteria used. HGB (13.5, and aminotransferase level (>55 U/L, age (>55 years and post-TACE AKI history may be predictors of post-TACE AKI in HCC patients. The development of post-TACE AKI was associated with the risk of renal replacement treatment, prolonged renal insufficiency, or mortality according to AKIN criteria.

  11. Are hand preference and sexual orientation possible predicting factors for finasteride adverse effects in male androgenic alopecia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motofei, Ion G; Rowland, David L; Georgescu, Simona R; Tampa, Mircea; Baleanu, Bogdan C; Paunica, Stana

    2016-07-01

    Sexual side effects of finasteride seem to be redoubtable, being encountered not only during therapy but also after treatment cessation. Consequently, any possible clinical/paraclinical elements that might predict these adverse effects would be useful in the selection of a therapeutic strategy for male androgenic alopecia. Previous published studies show that some compounds that interfere with sexual hormones can decrease sexual activation and response, according to hand preference (as reported for finasteride and tamoxifen) and according to sexual orientation (as noted for bicalutamide). Our preliminary published data and the arguments presented here suggest that these two individual parameters might be used by dermatologists in the therapeutic approach of male androgenic alopecia, so as to alert specific subsets of men, prior to treatment, of the potential increased risk for developing adverse effects to finasteride. PMID:26990657

  12. MAGE-A3 expression is an adverse prognostic factor in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olarte, Irma; Martinez, Adolfo; Ramos-Peñafiel, Christian; Castellanos-Sinco, Humberto; Zamora, Jorge; Collazo-Jaloma, Juan; Gutiérrez, Mario; Gutiérrez-Kobeh, Laila; Chavez-Olmos, Pedro; Manzanilla, Hugo; Garrido-Guerrero, Efraín; Ordoñez-Razo, Rosa M; Miranda, Enrique I

    2011-11-01

    This study evaluates the prognostic value of MAGE-A3 expression in 28 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. A significant association was observed between MAGE-A3 expressions, assessed by quantitative real-time RT-polymerase chain reaction (PCR), with advanced stages of disease (P < 0.05). Elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels and International Prognostic Index (IPI) score were significantly higher in MAGE-A3-positive patients (P = 0.025 and P = 0.004, respectively). Expression of MAGE-A3 was associated with poor response to treatment and a significantly shorter overall survival (P < 0.001). Our data address new information in the association of MAGE-A3 expression and poor prognosis in DLBCL patients. PMID:22183072

  13. Extent of poly-pharmacy, occurrence and associated factors of drug-drug interaction and potential adverse drug reactions in Gondar Teaching Referral Hospital, North West Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Endalkachew Admassie; Tesfahun Melese; Woldeselassie Mequanent; Wubshet Hailu; B Akshaya Srikanth

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the extent of poly-pharmacy, occurrence, and associated factors for the occurrence of drug–drug interaction (DDI) and potential adverse drug reaction (ADR) in Gondar University Teaching Referral Hospital. Institutional-based retrospective cross-sectional study. This study was conducted on prescriptions of both in and out-patients for a period of 3 months at Gondar University Hospital. Both bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression were used to...

  14. Codeine Ultra-rapid Metabolizers: Age Appears to be a Key Factor in Adverse Effects of Codeine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heintze, K; Fuchs, W

    2015-12-01

    Codeine is widely used as an analgesic drug. Taking into account the high consumption of codeine, only few fatal adverse events have been published. A number of reports, where neonates and children showed serious or fatal adverse reactions, led to a restriction of the use of codeine in this patient group. Therefore, we reviewed the safety of codeine in adults. PubMed was systematically searched for clinical studies and case reports, with a special focus on CYP2D6, the enzyme that converts codeine to morphine and exhibits genetic polymorphism.181 cases were identified in adults in conjunction with serious or lethal effects of codeine. In the vast majority of cases, codeine was used in combination with other drugs by drug-dependent individuals or with a suicidal intent. Only 2 cases were found where ultra-rapid metabolizers experienced severe non-lethal adverse events. This is far less than would be predicted from the number of cases reported in children. The discrepancy may be explained by developmental changes in the disposition of codeine.The strategy of regulatory authorities to restrict access to codeine for infants and young children, the apparent highest risk group, has a factual and pharmacological rationale. By the same standards, there is no need for restrictions for adult use of codeine.

  15. Early adverse experience as a developmental risk factor for later psychopathology: evidence from rodent and primate models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez, M M; Ladd, C O; Plotsky, P M

    2001-01-01

    Increasing evidence supports the view that the interaction of perinatal exposure to adversity with individual genetic liabilities may increase an individual's vulnerability to the expression of psycho- and physiopathology throughout life. The early environment appears to program some aspects of neurobiological development and, in turn, behavioral, emotional, cognitive, and physiological development. Several rodent and primate models of early adverse experience have been analyzed in this review, including those that "model" maternal separation or loss, abuse or neglect, and social deprivation. Accumulating evidence shows that these early traumatic experiences are associated with long-term alterations in coping style, emotional and behavioral regulation. neuroendocrine responsiveness to stress, social "fitness,' cognitive function, brain morphology, neurochemistry, and expression levels of central nervous system genes that have been related to anxiety and mood disorders. Studies are underway to identify important aspects of adverse early experience, such as (a) the existence of "sensitive periods" during development associated with alterations in particular output systems. (b) the presence of "windows of opportunity" during which targeted interventions (e.g., nurturant parenting or supportive-enriching environment) may prevent or reverse dysfunction, (c) the identity of gene polymorphisms contributing to the individual's variability in vulnerability, and (d) a means to translate the timing of these developmental "sensitive periods" across species. PMID:11523842

  16. Effect of Factor XIII-A G185T Polymorphism on Visual Prognosis after Photodynamic Therapy for Neovascular Macular Degeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Parmeggiani

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Macular degenerations represent leading causes of central blindness or low vision in developed countries. Most of these severe visual disabilities are due to age-related macular degeneration (AMD and pathologic myopia (PM, both of which are frequently complicated by subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV. Photodynamic therapy with verteporfin (PDT-V is still employed for CNV treatment in selected cases or in combined regimen. In Caucasian patients, the common polymorphism G185T of factor XIII-A gene (FXIII-A-G185T; rs5985 has been described as predictor of poor angiographic CNV responsiveness to PDT-V. Nevertheless, the prognostic implications of this pharmacogenetic determinant on long-term visual outcome after a PDT-V regimen have not been evaluated. We retrospectively selected Caucasian patients presenting with treatment-naive CNV and receiving standardized PDT-V protocol for two years. The study population included patients affected by subfoveal CNV secondary to AMD or PM. We assessed the correlations between the polymorphic allele T of FXIII-A-G185T and: (1 total number of photodynamic treatments; and (2 change in visual acuity from baseline to the end of the follow-up period. Considering a total study population of 412 patients with neovascular AMD or PM, the carriers of 185 T-allele of FXIII-A (GT or TT genotype received a higher number of photodynamic treatments than patients without it (GG wild-type genotype (p < 0.01; mean number of PDT-V: 5.51 vs. 3.76, respectively. Moreover, patients with 185 T-allele of FXIII-A had a more marked worsening of visual acuity at 24 months than those with the GG-185 wild genotype (p < 0.01; mean difference in logMAR visual acuity: 0.22 vs. 0.08, respectively. The present findings show that the G185T polymorphism of the FXIII-A gene is associated with significant differences in the long-term therapeutic outcomes of patients treated with standardized PDT-V protocol. The comprehensive appraisal of

  17. Hand eczema - prognosis and consequences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, A. H.; Johansen, J D; Hald, M

    2014-01-01

    and eczema in other body locations during the follow-up period were risk factors of a poor prognosis. The same factors, as well as being a woman, were associated with occupational consequences and low health-related quality of life. Of those with persistent hand eczema only 40% had visited a dermatologist...... eczema. It should be questioned if more aggressive therapy and closer medical follow-up would be beneficial....

  18. The road to success. Long-term prognosis for persons living with HIV in Denmark - time trends and risk factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohse, Nicolai

    2016-02-01

    The work on this thesis began in 2003 when the global HIV epidemic was out of control. A minority of persons with HIV were benefitting fully from the recently introduced highly efficacious antiretroviral therapy (ART) combinations. Among the global challenges were lack of access to good healthcare, drug toxicity, and emergence of drug-resistant virus. It was unknown how long the drugs could maintain their efficacy in the individual even if administered as intended, and there was a fear that the increased drug pressure would increase the prevalence of drug resistance, subsequently leading to transmission of resistant virus from one individual to another, and thereby waning the treatment options available. Hence, we were far from the ideal conditions where an HIV-infected individual gets to know immediately that he/she is infected, has access to specialized medical and social support, receives a drug combination which effectively suppresses the virus and has no side effects, and is free of co-morbid conditions both before and after he/she gets infected. The nine papers on which this thesis is based each aimed to provide new knowledge to aspects of the above. Late diagnosis and late presentation to clinical care continue to be major barriers to improved HIV management. We used nation-wide hospital registries to explore the potential for an indicator disease-based HIV testing strategy. A range of conditions that were manifestations of the HIV infection itself were found to be associated with highly increased risk of HIV diagnosis during the coming year, but less so three to five years later. Other conditions were associated with an almost constant five-year long increased risk of being diagnosed with HIV because they share behavioural risk factors with HIV, making them indicators of not only current HIV but also of future HIV acquisition. Hence, indicator condition-based testing should be adapted to the local epidemic and could be a valuable addition to the existing

  19. 影响护理不良事件发生因素的质性研究%A qualitative study of influencing factors on nursing adverse event

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩金红; 韩金香; 马新翠

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the influencing factors on nursing adverse event. Methods Using a qualitative study, an in - depth interview was conducted on 8 nurses and 8 head nurses . Data were collected by a living recording and shorthand, and were analyzed by Colaizzi's analysis. Results Six influencing factors were identified, including nurse, management, article, environment, patient. Conclusion To decrease the accident rate of nursing adverse event, administrator should adopt multivariate analyses on nursing adverse event and take various measures.%目的 探讨护理不良事件发生的相关因素.方法 采用深度访谈法,收集15例个案资料.进行现场录音和速记,并运用Golaizzi分析程序进行分析.结果 提炼出6个主题,分别为护理人员因素、管理因素、物晶因素、环境因素、患者因素、多种因素相互作用.结论 对护理不良事件应进行多因素分析,并采取多种措施,以降低护理不良事件的发生率.

  20. Analysis of the tumor length and other prognosis factors in pT1-2 node-negative esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in a Chinese population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Song Zhengbo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Tumor length is an important prognostic factor for many carcinomas, but its role in esophageal cancer remained undetermined. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of tumor length on survival for patients with confined tumors (grade pT1-2 without lymph-node metastases in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods We enrolled 201 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC who had undergone surgical resection and been confirmed as pT1-2N0M0. The relationship of tumor length with overall survival was assessed and compared with other factors detailed in the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC tumor, node, metastasis (TNM staging system published in 2009. Results The overall survival (OS rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 93.0%, 83.7%, and 69.2%, respectively. The tumor length adversely affected OS, with the 5-year rate being 93.5%, 82.0%, 68.6%, 67.9%, 55.3% and 41.1%, respectively for tumor lengths of less than 10 mm, 10 to 20 mm, 20 to 30 mm, 30 to 40 mm, 40 to 50 mm, and greater than 50 mm (PP = 0.04, as did the other current TNM factors. Conclusion Tumor length appears to affect the OS of patients with early-stage esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. It may provide additional prognostic information for the current TNM staging system.

  1. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... our information on Coping With Cancer helpful. Understanding Statistics About Survival Doctors estimate prognosis by using statistics that researchers have collected over many years about ...

  2. Factors affecting the development of adverse drug reactions to β-blockers in hospitalized cardiac patient population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mugoša S

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Snežana Mugoša,1,2 Nataša Djordjević,3 Nina Djukanović,4 Dragana Protić,5 Zoran Bukumirić,6 Ivan Radosavljević,7 Aneta Bošković,8 Zoran Todorović5,9 1Department of Pharmacotherapy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Montenegro, 2Clinical Trial Department, Agency for Medicines and Medical Devices of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro; 3Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, 4High Medical School “Milutin Milanković”, Belgrade, 5Department of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, 6Institute for Medical Statistics and Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 7Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia; 8Clinic for Heart Diseases, Clinical Centre of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro; 9Department of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, Medical Center “Bežanijska kosa”, Belgrade, Serbia Abstract: The aim of the present study was to undertake a study on the prevalence of cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6 poor metabolizer alleles (*3, *4, *5, and *6 on a Montenegrin population and its impact on developing adverse drug reactions (ADRs of β-blockers in a hospitalized cardiac patient population. A prospective study was conducted in the Cardiology Center of the Clinical Center of Montenegro and included 138 patients who had received any β-blocker in their therapy. ADRs were collected using a specially designed questionnaire, based on the symptom list and any signs that could point to eventual ADRs. Data from patients’ medical charts, laboratory tests, and other available parameters were observed and combined with the data from the questionnaire. ADRs to β-blockers were observed in 15 (10.9% patients. There was a statistically significant difference in the frequency of ADRs in relation to genetically determined enzymatic activity (P<0.001, with ADRs’ occurrence significantly

  3. Vascular endothelial growth factor A and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 expression in non-small cell lung cancer patients: relation to prognosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonnesen, Barbara; Pappot, Helle; Holmstav, Julie;

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are diagnosed with advanced inoperable disease. While treatment with conventional chemotherapy has improved during the last decade the 5 years survival is still modest. Novel drugs, which selectively target aberrant...... to histological type with increased expression in adenocarcinomas as compared to squamous cell carcinomas. There was no statistically significant correlation between VEGF-A and VEGFR2 expression and age, gender or stage at diagnosis. Finally there was no relation between expression of VEGF-A and VEGFR2, nor...... elements in neoplastic cells and their microenvironment have recently been and are continuously developed including drugs inhibiting the angiogenic system. Angiogenic factor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) seem to play key...

  4. Over-expression of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4 gamma 1 correlates with tumor progression and poor prognosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Xin

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of the present study was to analyze the expression of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4 gamma 1 (EIF4G1 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC and its correlation with clinicopathologic features, including patients' survival time. Methods Using real-time PCR, we detected the expression of EIF4G1 in normal nasopharyngeal tissues, immortalized nasopharyngeal epithelial cell lines NP69, NPC tissues and cell lines. EIF4G1 protein expression in NPC tissues was examined using immunohistochemistry. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method. The effect of EIF4G1 on cell invasion and tumorigenesis were investigated. Results The expression levels of EIF4G1 mRNA were significantly greater in NPC tissues and cell lines than those in the normal nasopharyngeal tissues and NP69 cells (P EIF4G1 protein was higher in NPC tissues than that in the nasopharyngeal tissues (P EIF4G1 protein in tumors were positively correlated with tumor T classification (P = 0.039, lymph node involvement (N classification, P = 0.008, and the clinical stages (P = 0.003 of NPC patients. Patients with higher EIF4G1 expression had shorter overall survival time (P = 0.019. Multivariate analysis showed that EIF4G1 expression was an independent prognostic indicator for the overall survival of NPC patients. Using shRNA to knock down the expression of EIF4G1 not only markedly inhibited cell cycle progression, proliferation, migration, invasion, and colony formation, but also dramatically suppressed in vivo xenograft tumor growth. Conclusion Our data suggest that EIF4G1 can serve as a biomarker for the prognosis of NPC patients.

  5. Impact of operative and peri-operative factors on the long-term prognosis of primary liver cancer patients undergoing hepatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Li-Ning; Xu, Ying-Ying; Gao, De-Wei

    2016-08-01

    This study examined the impact of the operative and peri-operative factors on the long-term prognosis of patients with primary liver cancer undergoing hepatectomy. A total of 222 patients with primary liver cancer who underwent hepatectomy were followed up from January 1986 to December 2010 at Chinese PLA General Hospital. The post-operative complication rate was 14.0% for all cases, 13.7% for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 10.0% for cholangiocarcinoma. The 1-, 3-, 5- and 10-year overall survival rates in patients with primary liver cancer after resection were 76.6%, 57.6%, 41.4%, and 21.0%. The survival rates were significantly higher in the HCC group than in the cholangiocarcinoma group (P=0.000), in the non-anatomical resection group than in the anatomical resection group (P=0.005), in the female group than in the male group (P=0.002), in patients receiving no blood transfusion than in those who were given intra-operative blood transfusion (P=0.000), in patients whose intra-operative blood loss was less than 400 mL than in those who intra-operatively lost more than 400 mL (P=0.000). No significant difference was found in the survival rate between the HBsAg-positive group and the HBsAg-negative group (P=0.532). Our study showed that anatomical resection, blood loss and blood transfusion were predictors of poor survival after hepatectomy for primary liver cancer patients, and concomitant hepatitis B virus infection bore no relation with the post-resection survival.

  6. Neurofilament Heavy polypeptide CpG island methylation associates with prognosis of renal cell carcinoma and prediction of antivascular endothelial growth factor therapy response

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neurofilament Heavy polypeptid (NEFH) belongs to the group of type IV intermediate filament proteins. DNA methylation of the NEFH promoter and loss of expression have previously been shown to activate the AKT/β-catenin pathway in tumor cells. When identifying hypermethylation of the NEFH CpG island (CGI) in renal cell cancer (RCC) we asked whether methylation could provide clinical or prognostic information for RCC and/or predict therapy response in patients with metastatic RCC (mRCC) undergoing antiangiogenic therapy. Relative methylation of the NEFH CGI was analyzed in 132 RCC samples and 83 paired normal tissues using quantitative methylation-specific PCR. Results were statistically compared with tumor histology, clinicopathological parameters, progression-free survival (PFS) as well as with overall survival (OS) in a subset of 18 mRCC patients following antiangiogenic therapy regimens. The NEFH CGI methylation demonstrated a tumor-specific increase (P < 0.001), association with advanced disease (P < 0.001), and distant metastasis (P = 0.005). Higher relative methylation was also significantly associated with a poor PFS (HR = 8.6, P < 0.001) independent from the covariates age, gender, diameter of tumors, state of advanced disease, and local and distant metastasis. Median OS following targeted therapy was 29.8 months for patients with low methylation versus 9.8 months for the group with high methylation (P = 0.028). We identified NEFH methylation as a candidate epigenetic marker for prognosis of RCC patients as well as prediction of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor-based therapy response

  7. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

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    Full Text Available ... Questions to Ask about Your Diagnosis Research Understanding Cancer Prognosis Oncologist Anthony L. Back, M.D., a ... for provider care teams (PDF-210KB). Understanding Your Cancer Prognosis Video View this video on YouTube. Three ...

  8. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... suggest that your cancer is likely to respond well to treatment. Or, he may tell you that you have a poor prognosis if the cancer is harder to control. Whatever your doctor tells you, keep in mind that a prognosis is an educated guess. Your doctor cannot be certain how it will go for you. If ...

  9. Stromal Cell-Derived Factor 1 Gene Polymorphism Is Associated with Susceptibility to Adverse Long-Term Allograft Outcomes in Non-Diabetic Kidney Transplant Recipients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chung-Jieh Wang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Although the genetic polymorphism of Stromal Cell-Derived Factor 1 (SDF-1 is associated with higher mortality of liver allograft recipients, the role of SDF-1 in the modulation of renal allograft outcomes is unclear. Between March 2000 and January 2008, we recruited 252 non-diabetic renal transplant recipients (RTRs. Baseline characteristics and blood chemistry were recorded. Genomic DNA extraction with polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was utilized to analyze the genetic polymorphisms of SDF-1 (rs1801157. The influence of SDF-1 on an adverse renal allograft outcome, defined as either a doubling of serum creatinine, graft failure, or patient death was evaluated. Sixteen patients with the SDF-1 AA/AG genotype and nine with the SDF-1 GG genotype reached an adverse outcome. According to Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients carrying the SDF-1 AA/AG genotype or A allele showed a significantly higher risk of reaching an adverse outcome than those carrying the SDF-1 GG genotype or G allele (p = 0.041; p = 0.0051, respectively; log rank test. Stepwise multivariate Cox proportional regression analysis revealed that patients carrying the SDF-1 AA/AG genotype and A allele had a 2.742-fold (95% CI. 1.106–6.799, p = 0.03 and 2.306-fold (95% CI. 1.254–4.24, p = 0.008 risk of experiencing an adverse outcome. The SDF-1 AA/AG genotype and A allele have a detrimental impact on the long-term outcome of RTRs.

  10. Negative Effects of Psychological Treatments: An Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Negative Effects Questionnaire for Monitoring and Reporting Adverse and Unwanted Events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozental, Alexander; Kottorp, Anders; Boettcher, Johanna; Andersson, Gerhard; Carlbring, Per

    2016-01-01

    Research conducted during the last decades has provided increasing evidence for the use of psychological treatments for a number of psychiatric disorders and somatic complaints. However, by focusing only on the positive outcomes, less attention has been given to the potential of negative effects. Despite indications of deterioration and other adverse and unwanted events during treatment, little is known about their occurrence and characteristics. Hence, in order to facilitate research of negative effects, a new instrument for monitoring and reporting their incidence and impact was developed using a consensus among researchers, self-reports by patients, and a literature review: the Negative Effects Questionnaire. Participants were recruited via a smartphone-delivered self-help treatment for social anxiety disorder and through the media (N = 653). An exploratory factor analysis was performed, resulting in a six-factor solution with 32 items, accounting for 57.64% of the variance. The derived factors were: symptoms, quality, dependency, stigma, hopelessness, and failure. Items related to unpleasant memories, stress, and anxiety were experienced by more than one-third of the participants. Further, increased or novel symptoms, as well as lack of quality in the treatment and therapeutic relationship rendered the highest self-reported negative impact. In addition, the findings were discussed in relation to prior research and other similar instruments of adverse and unwanted events, giving credence to the items that are included. The instrument is presently available in eleven different languages and can be freely downloaded and used from www.neqscale.com. PMID:27331907

  11. Negative Effects of Psychological Treatments: An Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Negative Effects Questionnaire for Monitoring and Reporting Adverse and Unwanted Events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozental, Alexander; Kottorp, Anders; Boettcher, Johanna; Andersson, Gerhard; Carlbring, Per

    2016-01-01

    Research conducted during the last decades has provided increasing evidence for the use of psychological treatments for a number of psychiatric disorders and somatic complaints. However, by focusing only on the positive outcomes, less attention has been given to the potential of negative effects. Despite indications of deterioration and other adverse and unwanted events during treatment, little is known about their occurrence and characteristics. Hence, in order to facilitate research of negative effects, a new instrument for monitoring and reporting their incidence and impact was developed using a consensus among researchers, self-reports by patients, and a literature review: the Negative Effects Questionnaire. Participants were recruited via a smartphone-delivered self-help treatment for social anxiety disorder and through the media (N = 653). An exploratory factor analysis was performed, resulting in a six-factor solution with 32 items, accounting for 57.64% of the variance. The derived factors were: symptoms, quality, dependency, stigma, hopelessness, and failure. Items related to unpleasant memories, stress, and anxiety were experienced by more than one-third of the participants. Further, increased or novel symptoms, as well as lack of quality in the treatment and therapeutic relationship rendered the highest self-reported negative impact. In addition, the findings were discussed in relation to prior research and other similar instruments of adverse and unwanted events, giving credence to the items that are included. The instrument is presently available in eleven different languages and can be freely downloaded and used from www.neqscale.com.

  12. Negative Effects of Psychological Treatments: An Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Negative Effects Questionnaire for Monitoring and Reporting Adverse and Unwanted Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kottorp, Anders; Boettcher, Johanna; Andersson, Gerhard; Carlbring, Per

    2016-01-01

    Research conducted during the last decades has provided increasing evidence for the use of psychological treatments for a number of psychiatric disorders and somatic complaints. However, by focusing only on the positive outcomes, less attention has been given to the potential of negative effects. Despite indications of deterioration and other adverse and unwanted events during treatment, little is known about their occurrence and characteristics. Hence, in order to facilitate research of negative effects, a new instrument for monitoring and reporting their incidence and impact was developed using a consensus among researchers, self-reports by patients, and a literature review: the Negative Effects Questionnaire. Participants were recruited via a smartphone-delivered self-help treatment for social anxiety disorder and through the media (N = 653). An exploratory factor analysis was performed, resulting in a six-factor solution with 32 items, accounting for 57.64% of the variance. The derived factors were: symptoms, quality, dependency, stigma, hopelessness, and failure. Items related to unpleasant memories, stress, and anxiety were experienced by more than one-third of the participants. Further, increased or novel symptoms, as well as lack of quality in the treatment and therapeutic relationship rendered the highest self-reported negative impact. In addition, the findings were discussed in relation to prior research and other similar instruments of adverse and unwanted events, giving credence to the items that are included. The instrument is presently available in eleven different languages and can be freely downloaded and used from www.neqscale.com. PMID:27331907

  13. Acute adverse reactions to radiographic iodinated and gadolinium-based contrast media: incidence, risk factors and premedication: from published evidence to a practical approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonolini, M; Bianco, R

    2011-01-01

    Although relatively uncommon especially in their severe manifestations, adverse reactions (ARs) to radiographic contrast media (CM) may represent a source of concern to both physicians and patients because of the large number of CT and MR imaging procedures daily performed. In this paper the current literature is reviewed regarding incidence and risk factors for acute ARs to both iodinated and gadolinium-based CM, and about the usefulness of pharmacological premedication to reduce risk. A practical approach for everyday clinical practice is proposed. PMID:22262334

  14. 影响劳力性热射病预后的危险因素分析%Analysis of risk factors affecting prognosis of exertional heat stroke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵佳佳; 周京江; 胡婕; 周飞虎; 康红军; 刘辉; 潘亮; 宋青

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨影响劳力性热射病(EHS)预后的危险因素.方法 收集2002年6月至2012年8月期间10家部队医院资料完整的69例EHS患者的主要临床参数及预后情况,包括是否合并横纹肌溶解(RM)、弥散性血管内凝血(DIC)、急性肾损伤(AKI)、肝功能障碍、继发性癫痫、休克、心律失常、多器官功能障碍综合征(MODS)及意识状态等9个主要临床参数.进行logistic多因素回归分析,筛选出与EHS预后有关的主要危险因素,并验证其准确性和可靠性.结果 EHS患者69例,以出院为观察终点,死亡18例,病死率26.09%;DIC、AKI为影响预后的独立危险因素[DIC优势比(OR) =94.994,95%可信区间(95%CI)为3.837~2352.031,P=0.005; AKI OR=90.871,95%CI为2.079~3971.995,P=0.019];其中DIC和AKI任何一个因素单独存在的病死率为16.67% (3/18);DIC和AKI同时存在的病死率为93.75%(15/16),其敏感度为83.33%,特异度为98.03%,阳性预测值为93.75%,阴性预测值为94.34%,准确性为94.20%.结论 EHS患者合并DIC、AKI为影响预后的主要危险因素;如同时存在DIC、AKI 2个因素的EHS患者,死亡风险极高.%Objective To determine prognostic risk factors of exertional heat stroke (EHS).Methods Sixty-nine patients who met the case definition of EHS at ten military hospitals from June 2002 to August 2012 were enrolled in this retrospective study.The clinical data and prognosis was observed,including rhabdomyolysis (RM),disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC),acute kidney injury (AKI),hepatosis,epilepsy,shock,arrhythmia,multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and consciousness disorder.A logistic regression analysis was made to look for the significant risk factors,and its accuracy and reliability were tested and verified by statistical equation.Results There were 69 patients with EHS in the study,and 18 (26.09%) were dead.The independent prognostic factors were identified as DIC and AKI [DIC odds

  15. Factors affecting the development of adverse drug reactions to β-blockers in hospitalized cardiac patient population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mugoša, Snežana; Djordjević, Nataša; Djukanović, Nina; Protić, Dragana; Bukumirić, Zoran; Radosavljević, Ivan; Bošković, Aneta; Todorović, Zoran

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to undertake a study on the prevalence of cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) poor metabolizer alleles (*3, *4, *5, and *6) on a Montenegrin population and its impact on developing adverse drug reactions (ADRs) of β-blockers in a hospitalized cardiac patient population. A prospective study was conducted in the Cardiology Center of the Clinical Center of Montenegro and included 138 patients who had received any β-blocker in their therapy. ADRs were collected using a specially designed questionnaire, based on the symptom list and any signs that could point to eventual ADRs. Data from patients’ medical charts, laboratory tests, and other available parameters were observed and combined with the data from the questionnaire. ADRs to β-blockers were observed in 15 (10.9%) patients. There was a statistically significant difference in the frequency of ADRs in relation to genetically determined enzymatic activity (Phospitalization, CYP2D6 poor metabolizer phenotype, and the concomitant use of other CYP2D6-metabolizing drugs. Therefore, in hospitalized patients with polypharmacy CYP2D6 genotyping might be useful in detecting those at risk of ADRs.

  16. Intervillous Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Is Associated with Adverse Birth Outcomes in a Study Population in Central India

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Puspendra P.; Lucchi, Naomi W.; Anna Blackstock; Venkatachalam Udhayakumar; Neeru Singh

    2012-01-01

    Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pluripotent factor produced by a variety of cells. It plays an important biological role in the regulation of pregnancy and has been shown to influence malaria pathogenesis. In this study, the levels of MIF in the peripheral, cord and placental intervillous blood (IVB) plasma collected from women residing in a malaria endemic region of Central India was determined and its association with malaria in pregnancy and birth outcomes was investigate...

  17. Prognostic risk factors and prognosis model for liver failure%肝衰竭预后危险因素及预后模型建立的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤伟亮; 谢青; 赵钢德; 董志霞; 项晓刚; 王晖; 周惠娟; 桂红莲; 郭斯敏; 庄焱

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the independent risk factors of the prognosis for liver failure and to establish a prognosis model. Methods The clinical data of 252 patients with liver failure treated in Ruijin hospital from Jun. 2006 to Dec. 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was used for selecting the independent risk factors for the prognosis of liver failure. Based on logistic regression analysis, the prognosis model for liver failure was established. Results Logistic regression analysis showed that age, hepatic eneephalopathy, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, infection, TBIL and PT were the independent risk factors for the prognosis of liver failure. Then the prognosis model was established. By calculating prognostic index and drawing receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the area under the ROC curve was known to be 0.924 (95%CI 0.892, 0.957). Conclusions Age,hepatic encephalopathy, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, infection, TBIL and PT are the independent risk factors for the prognosis of liver failure. The prognosis model established in this study can predict short-term survival rate of patients with liver failure. It is of significant value in assessing the prognosis of liver failure.%目的 探讨影响肝衰竭预后的危险因素,并建立其预后模型.方法 回顾性调查2006年6月-2008年12月我科收治的252例肝衰竭患者的临床资料.采用多因素Logistic回归分析,得出相应的独立危险因素,并建立预后模型.结果 多因素Logistic回归分析显示,患者年龄、肝性脑病、上消化道出血、感染、TBIL、PT是影响肝衰竭患者预后的独立危险因素.对所得出的独立危险因素建立肝衰竭患者的预后判断模型,计算预后指数并绘制受试者工作特征曲线,其曲线下面积为0.924(95%CI0.892,0.957).结论 年龄、肝性脑病、上消化道出血、感染、TBIL、PT是影响肝衰竭患者预后的独立危险因素.本研究初步建立预

  18. 鲍曼不动杆菌血流感染预后的危险因素分析%Analysis of risk factors on prognosis of Acinetobacter baumannii bloodstream infection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔莉; 张劲松; 梅亚宁; 张华忠; 苏成磊

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the risk factors on prognosis of Acinetobacter baumannii bloodstream infection.Methods Clinical data from 78 patients with Acinetobacter baumannii bloodstream infection hospitalized in First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2010 to November 2012 were analyzed retrospectively.According to the 28-day prognosis after admission,the patients were divided into non-survivors (n=40) and survivors (n=38).Data on demographic and clinical characteristics,wards,underlying diseases,treatments,invasive medical procedures,bacterial resistance to antibiotics,and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score in the beginning were collected.The index as an independent risk factor of mortality was demonstrated by multivariate logistic regression analysis.The predictor value was concluded by comparing area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) of each index.Results Risk factors of mortality of Acinetobacter baumannii bloodstream infection goes as following,including intensive care unit admission [ICU,odds ratio (OR)=12.9,95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.4-63.5,P=0.001],trachea intubationor tracheostomy (OR =6.2,95% CI 1.5-30.4,P=0.023),invasive mechanical ventilation (OR =5.1,95% CI 1.4-22.6,P=0.042),invasive medical procedure besides central venous catheter (including thoracentesis,bone marrow puncture,lumbar puncture,catheterization,bronchoalveolar lavage with bronchofibroscope,arteriovenous fistula plastic operation,OR =8.4,95%CI 1.7-37.8,P=0.011),APACHE Ⅱ score ≥ 19 in the beginning (OR=35.4,95%CI 3.8-318.6,P=0.001).With respect to APACHE Ⅱ score ≥ 19 as mortality cut-off point,an area under the receiver operating curve of 0.938 was statistically significant (P<0.05),with sensitivity 76.2% and specificity 94.1%.The relationship between prognosis and antibiotic resistance did not have statistically significance.Conclusion Invasive medical procedures and

  19. Study on prognosis status and its influential factors in children with febrile convulsion%高热惊厥小儿预后现状和影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋建军; 杨毅

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨高热惊厥小儿预后现状和影响因素.方法 采用自编问卷收集2010年8月~2011年8月在湖南省永州市祁阳县人民医院儿科住院治疗的43例高热惊厥患儿临床资料.结果 在本研究入选的43例患儿中,35例患儿预后良好,预后良好率为81.40%,而预后不良率为18.60%,多因素Logistic回归分析发现初次发作年龄<1岁,高热惊厥持续时间≥15 min、高热惊厥次数≥2次和脑电图异常是高热惊厥患儿预后差危险因素.结论 高热惊厥患儿总体预后欠佳,预后影响因素较多,在对高热惊厥进行治疗的过程中,积极治疗高热惊厥,发作时尽可能在最短时间内止痉,改善患儿的预后.%Objective To investigate the prognosis status and its influential factors in children with febrile convulsion. Methods Clinical data of 43 children with febrile convulsion who were treated in the Department of Pediatric in the People's Hospital of Qiyang County in Yongzhou City, Hu'nan Province, from August 2010 to August 2011 were collected by self-made questionnaire. Results 43 children with febrile convulsion were favorable prognosis, the good prognosis rate was 81.40%, the bad prognosis rate was 18.60%, binary classification logistic regression analysis showed that first onset age <1 year old, febrile convulsion duration ≥15 min, febrile convulsion number ≥2 and electroencephalography abnormality were risk factors. Conclusion The prognosis status of children with febrile convulsion was bad. It is affected by various factors. We should give positive treatment and control attack as soon as possible to improve the prognosis of children with febrile convulsion.

  20. Ethno-Specific Risk Factors for Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes: Findings from the Born in Bradford Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stacey, Tomasina; Prady, Stephanie; Haith-Cooper, Melanie; Downe, Soo; Simpson, Nigel; Pickett, Kate

    2016-07-01

    Objectives Preterm birth (PTB) and small for gestational age (SGA) are major causes of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Previous studies indicated a range of risk factors associated with these poor outcomes, including maternal psychosocial and economic wellbeing. This paper will explore a range of psycho-social and economic factors in an ethnically diverse population. Methods The UK's Born in Bradford cohort study recruited pregnant women attending a routine antenatal appointment at 26-28 weeks' gestation at the Bradford Royal Infirmary (2007-2010). This analysis includes 9680 women with singleton live births who completed the baseline questionnaire. Data regarding maternal socio-demographic and mental health were recorded. Outcome data were collected prospectively, and analysed using multivariate regression models. The primary outcomes measured were: PTB (order to develop appropriate targeted preventative strategies to improve perinatal outcome in disadvantaged groups, a greater understanding of ethno-specific risk factors is required. PMID:26983444

  1. 妊娠合并肺动脉高压患者预后的危险因素分析%Risk factors analysis of prognosis of pregnancy with pulmonary hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燕

    2016-01-01

    events. Results The maternal deaths occurred in seven cases(15. 2%)of pulmonary hypertension and only one case of normal pregnant women. Three independent risk factors of adverse cardiac events in pulmonary hypertension were severe pulmonary hypertension( sPAP≥50 mmHg,1 mmHg =0. 133 kPa )[ OR =38. 64,95% CI (8. 93-86. 39),P﹤0. 01],NYHA( New York Heart Association)functional greater than class Ⅲ[ OR=15. 37 ,95%CI( 6. 79 -62. 18 ),P ﹤0. 01 ] and hypotension during anesthetic stage[ OR=29. 97,95%CI(4. 60-77. 08),P﹤0. 01]. Conclusions The prognosis of pregnant women with pul-monary hypertension is related to the factors of the severity of pulmonary hypertension,heart function and hypotension during anesthetic stage.

  2. 老年急性脑卒中6个月预后及其影响因素%Six-month prognosis and the related influential factors in the elderly patients after acute cerebral stroke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈金梅; 周维智; 刘晓红; 夏菁; 陈缪存; 戚幼文; 宋艳艳; 田发发

    2011-01-01

    目的:观察老年脑卒中患者急性期血压及相关因素,探讨其与6个月预后的关系.方法:老年脑卒中患者275例,连续记录入院后7 d的血压,在发病后6个月时评价预后(远期预后),对急性期血压及相关因素进行单因素和多因素Logistic回归分析.结果:Logistic回归分析显示年龄>76岁,入院NIHSS评分>7分,急性期平均收缩压≥200mm Hg,急性期平均舒张压≥100 mm Hg是老年脑卒中患者6个月预后的危险因素;坚持康复锻炼是老年脑卒中患者6个月预后的保护因素.结论:老年脑卒中急性期收缩压≥200 mm Hg、舒张压≥100 mm Hg、高龄以及NIHSS评分愈高提示预后不良,积极康复锻炼可改善远期(6个月)预后.%Objective To observe the blood pressure and the related influential factors in acute phase of the elderly patients with stroke in order to study the relationship with six-month prognosis.Methods The average blood pressure in the first seven days after admission was recorded. The longterm prognosis was assessed 6 months after stroke. The blood pressure and its related influential factors were analyzed with single factor analysis and multiple factors analysis methods. Results The logistic regression analysis showed the risk factors were as follows, the age over 76 years, the score of NIHSS over 7 at admission, the mean systolic blood pressure over 200 mm Hg and the mean diastolic blood pressure over 100 mm Hg in acute phase. Rehabilitation exercise was the protective factor for the six-month prognosis of the elderly stroke patients. Conclusion The elderly patient with the score of NIHSS over 7, the mean systolic blood pressure over 200 mm Hg, the mean diastolic blood pressure over 100 mm Hg and the age over 76 years will have a worse six-month prognosis. Active rehabilitation exercise can improve the six-month prognosis.

  3. Family-based risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury: Considering influences of maltreatment, adverse family-life experiences, and parent-child relational risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jodi; Bureau, Jean-François; Yurkowski, Kim; Fournier, Tania Renaud; Lafontaine, Marie-France; Cloutier, Paula

    2016-06-01

    The current investigation addressed the potential for unique influences of perceived childhood maltreatment, adverse family-life events, and parent-child relational trauma on the lifetime occurrence and addictive features of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Participants included 957 undergraduate students (747 females; M = 20.14 years, SD = 3.88) who completed online questionnaires regarding the key variables under study. Although self-injuring youth reported more experiences with each family-based risk factor, different patterns of association were found when lifetime engagement in NSSI or its addictive features were under study. Perceived parent-child relational trauma was uniquely linked with NSSI behavior after accounting for perceived childhood maltreatment; adverse family-life events had an additional unique association. In contrast, perceived paternal maltreatment was uniquely related with NSSI's addictive features. Findings underline the importance of studying inter-related family-based risk factors of NSSI simultaneously for a comprehensive understanding of familial correlates of NSSI behavior and its underlying features.

  4. Clinical Analysis of Extracranial Factor in the Prognosis of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury%脑外伤患者预后的颅外影响因素临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓友邦; 夏运福

    2013-01-01

      目的:探讨影响脑外伤预后的颅外因素及预防对策。方法:采用回顾性调查方法调查140例脑外伤患者的临床资料,比较预后不良与预后良好两组患者年龄大小、就诊时间、创新性操作、体温、平均动脉压、血糖、血钠水平等方面的差异。结果:140例脑外伤患者中预后不良38例(27.14%);预后良好102例(72.86%);预后不良组体温(38.97±0.22)℃,血糖(10.89±2.23)mmol/L,血钠水平(156.68±12.67) mmol/L高于预后良好组的(38.15±0.19)℃、(8.34±1.98)mmol/L,(141.48±10.23)mmol/L;平均动脉压(11.12±2.56)Kpa低于预后良好组的(15.23±2.87)Kpa (P<0.05),是引起二次脑损伤的颅外因素。结论:影响脑外伤预后颅外因素复杂,应实施针对性预防措施进行积极干预。%Objective:To study the effect extracrania factors of prognosis of brain injury and prevention countermeasures.Methods:Using retrospective investigation method to survey clinical data, of 140 cases cerebral trauma patientsComparison difference between prognosis mala ang prognosis good group of age, see adoctor time, innovative operation, body temperature, mean arterial pressure, blood sugar, blood sodium level Results:140 cases of brain injury patients with poor prognosis 38 cases (27.14%);Prognosis good 102 cases (72.86%);The poor prognosis group body temperature (38.97 ± 0.22)℃, blood sugar (10.89 ± 2.23)mmol/L, the blood sodium level (156.68 ±12.67)mmol/L higher than good prognosis group (38.15 ± 0.19)℃,(8.34±1.98) mmol/L, (141.48 ±10.23) mmol/L;Mean arterial pressure (11.12±2.56) Kpa below good prognosis group (15.23±2.87) Kpa (P<0.05), is causeextracranial factors of secondary brain injury .Conclusion:Affect brain injury prognosis extracranial factors are complicated, should implement the specific prevention measures for active intervention.

  5. The colorectal carcinoma prognosis factors: Significance of diagnosis delay Factores pronósticos en carcinoma colorrectal: Importancia de la demora diagnóstica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Gómez-Domínguez

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: detection of early-stage colorectal carcinoma (CRC -( Dukes' A or B- provides better survival rates in these patients. Thus, the effectiveness of screening programs in asymptomatic patients or of early diagnosis in symptomatic individuals has been postulated. The aim of this study was to establish whether a delay in diagnosis or other factors are related to CRC stage. Patients and methods: a retrospective study was performed on 96 patients with CRC. Age at diagnosis, gender distribution, intestinal disorders, diagnosis delay, primary sign and -regarding CRC- localization, stage (Dukes' and grade of differentiation (well differentiated; non-well differentiated; poorly differentiated were recorded. Results: diagnosis delay was 185 ± 190 days. Patients delay in obtaining a diagnosis was 119 ± 158 days. In 40% of patients CRC was diagnosed at an early stage (Dukes' A or B, and in 13% CRC was poorly differentiated. The only factor with an independent effect on Dukes' stage was tumor differentiation (p: 0.0012. Distal location was associated with less advanced tumors without statistical significance (p: 0.156. Conclusion: based on the presented data, a greater effort regarding screening programs for healthy people seems warranted, as improved survival has been demonstrated when diagnosis delay is reduced, particularly in patients with the highest mean delay.Introducción: el diagnóstico precoz del cáncer colorrectal (estadios A y B de Dukes consigue mejorar las tasas de supervivencia de estos pacientes. Con este objetivo se ha propuesto como estrategia acelerar el diagnóstico de enfermos sintomáticos o realizar cribados en enfermos asintomáticos. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar los factores que influyen en la extensión tumoral del carcinoma colorrectal, especialmente la demora en el diagnóstico. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo de una serie de 99 pacientes diagnosticados de carcinoma colorrectal en los que se

  6. Clinical analysis of high risk factors for premature and prognosis of premature infants%早产高危因素及早产儿预后的临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏金荣

    2016-01-01

    目的:分析早产高危因素及早产儿预后的影响因素。方法:回顾性分析55例早产儿的临床资料,分析早产原因及影响预后的因素。结果:导致早产的高危因素主要包括胎膜早破、前置胎盘、重度子痫前期、高龄、妊娠期贫血、多胎妊娠和瘢痕子宫等。影响早产儿预后的因素主要包括胎龄、体重、分娩方式。结论:早产的高危因素复杂。重视围生期保健、防治妊娠并发症可降低早产的发生率。%Objective:To analyze the high risk factors for premature and the influence factors for prognosis of premature infants. Methods:The clinical data of 55 cases of premature infants were analyzed retrospectively.The high risk factors for premature and the influence factors for prognosis of premature infants were analyzed.Results:The high risk factors causing premature included premature rupture of membrane,placenta previa,severe preeclampsia,age,gestational anemia,multiple pregnancy and scarred uterus.The factors affecting the prognosis of premature infants included gestational age,body weight and delivery mode.Conclusion:The high risk factors of preterm were complex.Paying attention to the perinatal health care and taking measures to prevent and control the pregnancy complications actively could reduce the incidence of premature infants.

  7. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... side effects from the cancer treatments you received. Video Series This video series offers the perspectives of ... care teams (PDF-210KB). Understanding Your Cancer Prognosis Video View this video on YouTube. Three cancer patients ...

  8. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

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    Full Text Available ... How to best take care of yourself and manage treatment side effects How to deal with financial ... for patients (PDF-210KB) and for provider care teams (PDF-210KB). Understanding Your Cancer Prognosis Video View ...

  9. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

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    Full Text Available ... Back, M.D., coaches other oncologists about how to discuss prognosis with their patients. Good ... as the source. Please note that blog posts that are written by individuals from outside the ...

  10. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

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    Full Text Available ... Contacts Other Funding Find NCI funding for small business innovation, technology transfer, and contracts Training Cancer Training ... Staging Prognosis Questions to Ask ... This statistic is another method used to estimate cancer-specific survival that does ...

  11. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

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    Full Text Available ... Research Cancer Treatment Types of Treatment Side Effects Clinical Trials Information for Patients and Caregivers A to ... Staging Prognosis Treatment Types of Treatment Side Effects Clinical Trials Cancer Drugs Complementary & Alternative Medicine Coping Feelings & ...

  12. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

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    Full Text Available ... Series This video series offers the perspectives of three cancer patients and their doctor. The videos explain ... Cancer Prognosis Video View this video on YouTube. Three cancer patients and their doctor, Anthony L. Back, ...

  13. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

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    Full Text Available ... to treatment Seeking Information About Your Prognosis Is a Personal Decision When you have cancer, you and ... how long she has to live. For Doctors, a Patient-Centered Approach View this video on YouTube. ...

  14. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

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    Full Text Available ... survival. The estimate of how the disease will go for you is called prognosis. It can be ... Your doctor cannot be certain how it will go for you. If You Decide Not to Have ...

  15. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

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    Full Text Available ... treatment Seeking Information About Your Prognosis Is a Personal Decision When you have cancer, you and your ... think they are too impersonal to be of value to you. It is up to you to ...

  16. Factors Relevant to the Prognosis of Patients with Sudden Deafness after Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy%高压氧综合治疗突发性耳聋预后相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琴; 吴嗣洪; 唐守英; 张惠华; 曹晓燕; 葛秀英

    2014-01-01

    Objective To establish a scoring model that predicts the prognosis of patients with sudden deafness after hyperbaric oxygen therapy based on clinical data and to evaluate the efficacy of the model. Methods 188 patients with sudden deafness(221 ears)who received hyperbaric oxygen therapy were divided into two groups: 168 patients(201 ears) in training group and 20 patients(20 ears)in testing group. With a self-controlled experimental design, the training group were divided into the effective group and ineffective group. Chi-square test was applied to choose statistically significant risk factors which were used to establish a scoring model. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was then used to analyze the scoring model. Results The factors that had adverse effects on the prognosis of patients with sudden deafness after hyperbaric oxygen therapy included sudden deafness with vertigo, descending/completely deaf audiogram, prehospital delay time≥15 d, hyperbaric oxygen therapy<2 courses, beginning time of treatment≥fifteen days after onset, average hearing loss at the first visit≥60 dB HL, sudden deafness with HBP(high blood pressure)/DM(diabetes mellitus)or both. The ROC curve analysis revealed that the area under the curve (AUC) for the scoring model was 0.967, which was significantly different from the AUC(0.5) under the completely random circumstances(P<0.05). The appraisal of prospective misjudge possibility was applied to the scoring model in testing samples and the results showed the misjudgement rate was about 10%. Conclusion This scoring model based on clinical data can be used to predict the prognosis of patients with sudden deafness after hyperbaric oxygen therapy.%目的:根据临床资料建立预测高压氧(hyperbaric oxygen,HBO)综合治疗突发性耳聋(sudden deafness,SD)预后的评分模型,并评价科学性。方法连续选择188例(221耳)接受高压氧综合治疗的SD患者,随

  17. 高压氧综合治疗突发性耳聋预后相关因素分析%Factors Relevant to the Prognosis of Patients with Sudden Deafness after Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琴; 吴嗣洪; 唐守英; 张惠华; 曹晓燕; 葛秀英

    2014-01-01

    . Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was then used to analyze the scoring model. Results The factors that had adverse effects on the prognosis of patients with sudden deafness after hyperbaric oxygen therapy included sudden deafness with vertigo, descending/completely deaf audiogram, prehospital delay time≥15 d, hyperbaric oxygen therapy<2 courses, beginning time of treatment≥fifteen days after onset, average hearing loss at the first visit≥60 dB HL, sudden deafness with HBP(high blood pressure)/DM(diabetes mellitus)or both. The ROC curve analysis revealed that the area under the curve (AUC) for the scoring model was 0.967, which was significantly different from the AUC(0.5) under the completely random circumstances(P<0.05). The appraisal of prospective misjudge possibility was applied to the scoring model in testing samples and the results showed the misjudgement rate was about 10%. Conclusion This scoring model based on clinical data can be used to predict the prognosis of patients with sudden deafness after hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

  18. Prognosis factors of the metastatic thyroid differentiated cancer: value of the iodo-fixation on the secondary sites; Facteurs pronostiques du cancer differencie thyroidien metastatique: valeur de la iodo-fixation sur les sites secondaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benisvy, D.; Benoliel, J.; Fontana, X.; Bussiere, F.; Darcourt, J. [Service de medecine nucleaire, centre Antoine-Lacassagne, Nice, (France); Chamorey, E. [unite de biostatistique, centre Antoine-Lacassagne, Nice, (France)

    2009-05-15

    The survival of patients with a differentiated thyroid cancer of follicle strain with distant metastases is very variable, going from 14 to 95% at ten year. The study of factors influencing the prognosis stays essential in order to adapt the therapy. Conclusions: According to the results published in other series, the prognosis variables were age, histology, metastases extension and the number of ira therapies. On the other hand, the existence of iodine fixation at the metastases level was not significantly correlated to a better survival. This study enlightens the importance to quantify objectively the character iodo fixing of metastases, that cannot be evaluated after resection of the remainder on a whole body scintigraphy with a strong dose. (N.C.)

  19. Adverse effect of plasma exchange on anti-D production in rhesus immunisation owing to removal of inhibitory factors.

    OpenAIRE

    Barclay, G. R.; Greiss, M A; Urbaniak, S J

    1980-01-01

    Intensive plasma exchange was used to reduce the maternal anti-D concentration in case of severe rhesus haemolytic disease. Initially the concentration fell from 30 to 4 IU/ml, but after six exchanges it increased to 490 IU/ml despite continued exchanges, and intrauterine fetal death eventually ensued. The increase in the rate of maternal anti-D production coincided with, and may have resulted from, removal of plasma immuno-regulatory factors that inhibited in-vitro lymphocyte functions. Thes...

  20. Negative Effects of Psychological Treatments: An Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Negative Effects Questionnaire for Monitoring and Reporting Adverse and Unwanted Events.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Rozental

    Full Text Available Research conducted during the last decades has provided increasing evidence for the use of psychological treatments for a number of psychiatric disorders and somatic complaints. However, by focusing only on the positive outcomes, less attention has been given to the potential of negative effects. Despite indications of deterioration and other adverse and unwanted events during treatment, little is known about their occurrence and characteristics. Hence, in order to facilitate research of negative effects, a new instrument for monitoring and reporting their incidence and impact was developed using a consensus among researchers, self-reports by patients, and a literature review: the Negative Effects Questionnaire. Participants were recruited via a smartphone-delivered self-help treatment for social anxiety disorder and through the media (N = 653. An exploratory factor analysis was performed, resulting in a six-factor solution with 32 items, accounting for 57.64% of the variance. The derived factors were: symptoms, quality, dependency, stigma, hopelessness, and failure. Items related to unpleasant memories, stress, and anxiety were experienced by more than one-third of the participants. Further, increased or novel symptoms, as well as lack of quality in the treatment and therapeutic relationship rendered the highest self-reported negative impact. In addition, the findings were discussed in relation to prior research and other similar instruments of adverse and unwanted events, giving credence to the items that are included. The instrument is presently available in eleven different languages and can be freely downloaded and used from www.neqscale.com.

  1. Prognosis and risk factors of neonatal cerebral infarction%新生儿脑梗死的预后及其危险因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄春玲; 汤泽中; 周丛乐; 侯新琳; 王红梅

    2014-01-01

    大者遗留神经系统后遗症的可能性较大.%Objective To determine the prognosis and risk factors of neonatal cerebral infarction.Methods From January 2002 to December 2010,44 newborn infants were diagnosed with cerebral infarction by imaging examinations at Peking University First Hospital.The neurodevelopmental outcomes of these newborn infants were followed up and evaluated by clinical manifestations,Gesell development scale,cranial imaging,electroencephalogram and auditory evoked potential.Factors related to prognosis were analyzed with single and multi-factor Logistic regression analysis.Results Thirty-eight (86%) cases were followed up,and of these cases,five children died and the results of three were inconclusive due to small age (less than 6 months old).Among the remaining 30 children,neurodevelopmental outcome was normal in 15 cases and abnormal in the remaining 15 cases,thus,the incidence of sequelae was 50% (15/30) and the mortality rate was 13% (5/38).Of the 15 abnormal cases,all had cerebral palsy and movement retardation,eight cases had cognitive impairment,eight cases had epilepsy and five had visual impairment.The incidence of large cerebral infarction (more than one lobe) was 14/15,worse cranial imaging outcome (one month after treatment,cerebral infarction lesion still present or had expanded)was 13/15,and severe complications was 8/15 in the newborns with sequelae,which were higher than in those without sequelae (4/15,5/15 and 1/15,respectively) (x2=13.889,8.889 and 7.778,all P<0.05).Logistic regression analysis showed that large cerebral infarction was a risk factor for sequelae (OR=38.500,95%C1:3.749-395.407,P=0.002),however,worse cranial imaging outcome (OR=8.563,95%CI:0.909-80.683,P=0.061) and severe complications (OR=18.024,95%CI:0.516-630.163,P=0.111) were not risk factors for sequelae.Cerebral infarction with middle cerebral artery injury had a high risk of movement retardation (OR=6.000,95%CI:1.172-3.725,P=0

  2. Analysis of Prognosis of Insomnia and Its Influence Factors%失眠的预后及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋尚融; 王传刘; 林子江; 敖文玲; 何金彩

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the general conditions and prognosis factors for patients with insomnia. Methods The questionnaire self-made in accordance with the Consensus on definition and treatment in insomnia (draft) was used in the Sleep Center of First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College for the investgation on patients newly diagnosed with insomnia from Aug to Sept, 2007. All the patients were subjected to the individualized drug therapy which was supplemented with dormancy hygiene education, and then a telephone follow - up after 6 months. The process was targeted at observing the relationship of the disease outcome with drug compliance and dormancy hygiene education. Results A total of 123 patients completed the investigation. It was found that these insomnia patients mainly included female patients,chronic insomnia patients,patients aged 31 -40 years,mental workers,and patients with insomnia combined with mild or anxiety - free depression. Most had inducing factors that maily were stress events in the life. Patients adhering to dormancy hygiene advice and having good drug compliance produced a better outcome and the results were significant difference (P < 0.05 ). Conclusion Chronic insomnia patients,female patients,31 -40 years old patients,mental working patients and so on account for the majority, and the better outcome may be attributable to the dormancy health education and drug compliance improvement.%目的 调查失眠患者一般情况以及预后影响因素.方法 自制问卷,按照《中国失眠定义、诊断及药物治疗专家共识(草案)》,对2007年8~9月温州医学院附属第一医院睡眠中心初诊失眠患者进行调查,所有患者采用个体化药物治疗辅以睡眠卫生宣教,6个月后进行电话随访,观察患者病情转归与药物依从性以及睡眠卫生宣教的关系.结果 共有123例患者完成调查,发现其中以女性患者、慢性失眠、31~40岁患者、脑力劳动者、合并轻度

  3. Related risk factors of short-term prognosis in patients with viral encephalitis%影响病毒性脑炎近期预后的相关危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡高梅

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the risk factors of short-term prognosis in patients with viral encephalitis. Methods Clinical data of 124 patients with viral encephalitis were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were divided into good prognosis group and poor prognosis group according to the Glasgow outcome scale. Fourteen related risk factors were chosen and multifactor Logistic regression analysis was made. Results Univariate analysis showed, the duration of seizure, consciousness disorder, deficiency of cranial nerves, severe abnormal electroencephalogram and abnormal cranial MRI had significant correlation with short-term prognosis (P<0.05), but age, sex,behavior disorder, meningeal irritation sign, pressure of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), leukocyte number of CSF, protein level of CSF, peripheral white blood cell, and abnormal cranial CT had no correlation with short-term prognosis (P >0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the abnormal of cranial MRI and the duration of seizure were the independent risk factors of short-term prognosis. Conclusions The short-term prognosis of viral encephalitis relates with many factors. The abnormal cranial MRI and the duration of seizure are the important related risk factors.%目的 探讨影响病毒性脑炎近期预后的相关危险因素.方法 回顾性分析124例病毒性脑炎患者的临床资料,应用格拉斯哥预后量表(COS)分级将患者分为预后良好组(89例)和预后不良组(35例).并选取14个危险因素进行Logistic回归分析.结果 单因素分析表明,抽搐持续时间、意识障碍、局灶性神经功能缺损,头颅MRI异常、脑电图重度异常与病毒性脑炎近期预后有显著相关性(P<0.05);而年龄、性别、精神行为异常、脑膜刺激征、脑脊液(CSF)压力、CSF白细胞数、CSF蛋白、外周血白细胞计数、头颅CT异常与病毒性脑炎近期预后无显著相关性(P>0.05).多因素分析表明,抽搐持续时间(OR=2.877,P=0.005)

  4. Analysis of prognosis-related factors for severe acute pancreatitis%重症急性胰腺炎预后的早期相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈阳; 许春舫

    2011-01-01

    目的探讨重症急性胰腺炎(severe acute pancreatitis,SAP)患者入院24 h内与预后的相关因素.方法 对193例SAP患者临床资料作回顾性分析.按预后分为死亡组和存活组,先以单因素分析筛选有统计学意义的影响因素,再通过Logistic回归分析筛选与预后有关的影响因素.结果 SAP死亡组患者年龄、血钙、阴离子间隙、血浆总蛋白、血清白蛋白、肌酐、尿素氮与存活组患者比较差异有统计学意义(P0.05).Logistic回归分析显示早期血肌酐、血清总蛋白浓度与SAP预后存在相关性(P<0.05).结论 入院24h内的血肌酐、血清总蛋白浓度是影响SAP预后的早期因素.%Objective To investigate the prognosis - related factors for severe acute pancreatitis within 24 hours after admission. Methods A total of 193 consecutive patients of severe acute pancreatitis were studied retrospectively. According to the prognosis, they were divided into the death group and the survival group. Seek for the prognosis - related factors by means of univariate analysis, and then by logistic regression analysis. Results There were of significant differences in average age, anion gap, total plasma protein, serum albumin, creatinine, usea nitrogen of the two groups (P < 0. 05) , whereas there were not of significant differences in gender, etiology, hematocrit, white blood cell count, platelet count, oxygen partial pressure, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, glutamic pyruvic transaminase, lactate dehydrogenase of the two groups(P > 0. 05). Creatinine and total plasma protein were associated with the prognosis of severe acute pancreatitis by logistic regression analysis(P < 0. 05). Conclusion The concentration of reatinine and total plasma protein within 24 hours after admission were the prognosis - related factors for severe acute pancreatitis.

  5. ICP围产儿不良结局的高危因素分析%High risk factors for adverse outcomes of perinatal infants of intrahepatic cholestasis pregnancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘翠; 王勇; 楼方

    2015-01-01

    Objective To discuss the high risk factors for adverse outcomes of perinatal infants in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy ( ICP) . Methods The ICP cases were collected from Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University. The relationship between obstetric factors and adverse outcomes of perinatal infants was retrospectively analyzed with the data of 522 cases of ICP. Results Univariate analysis showed that the time of onset earlier than 34 gestational week, high TBA, high ALT, high TBIL, high DBIL, and complicated hypertension were statistically significant (χ2 value was 35. 079, 15. 140, 12. 155, 6. 142, 9. 988 and 12. 604, respectively, all P <0. 05). Logistic regression analysis indicated that time of onset earlier than 34 gestational week, high TBA and complicated hypertension were high risk factors for adverse outcomes of ICP perinatal infants (OR value was 2. 922, 1. 770 and 1. 861, respectively, all P<0. 05). Conclusion TBA≥40μmol/L, time of onset earlier than 34 gestational week and complicated high hypertension are risk factors for adverse outcomes of ICP perinatal infants.%目的:探讨妊娠期肝内胆汁淤积症( ICP)围产儿不良结局的高危因素。方法收集在成都大学附属医院住院分娩的ICP病例。回顾性分析522例ICP病例的产科因素与围产儿不良结局之间的关系。结果单因素分析发现发病时间≤孕34周、高总胆汁酸( TBA)、高谷丙转氨酶( ALT)、高总胆红素( TBIL)、高直接胆红素( DBIL)、合并高血压对围产儿不良结局均有统计学差异(χ2值分别为35.079、15.140、12.155、6.142、9.988、12.604,均P<0.05);经Logistic回归分析发现ICP的发病时间≤孕34周、高TBA、合并高血压系ICP围产儿不良结局的高危因素,其OR值分别为2.922、1.770、1.861,均P<0.05。结论 TBA≥40μmol/L、发病时间≤孕34周、合并高血压系ICP围产儿不良结局的高危因素。

  6. Risk factors of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and its adverse outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a WHO secondary analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ver Luanni Bilano

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia has an immense adverse impact on maternal and perinatal health especially in low- and middle-income settings. We aimed to estimate the associations between pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and its risk factors, and adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of the WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health. The survey was a multi-country, facility-based cross-sectional study. A global sample consisting of 24 countries from three regions and 373 health facilities was obtained via a stratified multi-stage cluster sampling design. Maternal and offspring data were extracted from records using standardized questionnaires. Multi-level logistic regression modelling was conducted with random effects at the individual, facility and country levels. RESULTS: Data for 276,388 mothers and their infants was analysed. The prevalence of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in the study population was 10,754 (4%. At the individual level, sociodemographic characteristics of maternal age ≥30 years and low educational attainment were significantly associated with higher risk of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. As for clinical and obstetric variables, high body mass index (BMI, nulliparity (AOR: 2.04; 95%CI 1.92-2.16, absence of antenatal care (AOR: 1.41; 95%CI 1.26-1.57, chronic hypertension (AOR: 7.75; 95%CI 6.77-8.87, gestational diabetes (AOR: 2.00; 95%CI 1.63-2.45, cardiac or renal disease (AOR: 2.38; 95%CI 1.86-3.05, pyelonephritis or urinary tract infection (AOR: 1.13; 95%CI 1.03-1.24 and severe anemia (AOR: 2.98; 95%CI 2.47-3.61 were found to be significant risk factors, while having >8 visits of antenatal care was protective (AOR: 0.90; 95%CI 0.83-0.98. Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia was found to be a significant risk factor for maternal death, perinatal death, preterm birth and low birthweight. CONCLUSION: Chronic hypertension, obesity and severe anemia were the highest risk factors of preeclampsia

  7. Extent of poly-pharmacy, occurrence and associated factors of drug-drug interaction and potential adverse drug reactions in Gondar Teaching Referral Hospital, North West Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endalkachew Admassie

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the extent of poly-pharmacy, occurrence, and associated factors for the occurrence of drug-drug interaction (DDI and potential adverse drug reaction (ADR in Gondar University Teaching Referral Hospital. Institutional-based retrospective cross-sectional study. This study was conducted on prescriptions of both in and out-patients for a period of 3 months at Gondar University Hospital. Both bivariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression were used to identify risk factors for the occurrence of DDI and possible ADRs. All the statistical calculations were performed using SPSS; software. A total of 12,334 prescriptions were dispensed during the study period of which, 2,180 prescriptions were containing two or more drugs per prescription. A total of 21,210 drugs were prescribed and the average number of drugs per prescription was 1.72. Occurrences of DDI of all categories (Major, Moderate, and Minor were analyzed and DDI were detected in 711 (32.6% prescriptions. Sex was not found to be a risk factor for the occurrence of DDI and ADR, while age and number of medications per prescription were found to be significant risk factors for the occurrence of DDI and ADR. The mean number of drugs per prescription was 1.72 and hence with regard to the WHO limit of drugs per prescription, Gondar hospital was able to maintain the limit and prescriptions containing multiple drugs supposed to be taken systemically. Numbers of drugs per prescription as well as older age were found to be predisposing factors for the occurrence of DDI and potential ADRs while sex was not a risk factor.

  8. Clinical Features and Influencing Factors of Prognosis in Patients with Viral Encephalitis%病毒性脑炎的临床特点及预后影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晶; 秦新月

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical and imaging features of viral encephalitis and to understand its short time prognosis. Methods Clinical data of 160 viral encephalitis inpatients diagnosed during January 2006 - May 2010, in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were divided into good and poor prognosis groups according to the Glasgow Outcome Scale, and several factors were analyzed by Logistic regressive analysis. Results The univariate analysis showed that anomaly of cranial MRI, moderate or serious anomaly of EEG, abnormal consciousness, abnormal mental behaviors, abnormal muscular power, epilepsy, and headache may correlated with the prognosis. However, the multifactor analysis showed that only anomaly of cranial MRI and abnormal consciousness had a definite relation with the prognosis []P = 0.03, OR = 13.0, 95% CI (2.40, 70.46)]. Conclusion The prognosis of viral encephalitis is related to several factors. But anomaly of cranial MRI and abnormal consciousness are the most important factors to its short time prognosis of viral encephalitis, and the more the cranial lesions are, the worse the prognosis is.%目的 了解病毒性脑炎(VE)的临床特征和影像学特征,探讨VE近期预后的相关影响因素.方法 回顾性分析2006年1月-2010年5月重庆医科大学附属第一医院住院治疗的临床诊断为VE的160例患者的临床资料,应用格拉斯哥评分(GOS)将其分为预后良好组和预后不良组,对多个因素与预后的关系进行Logistic回归分析.结果 单因素分析显示颅脑MRI异常、脑电图中重度异常、意识状态异常、精神行为异常、肌力异常、癫痫、头痛与VE预后可能有关系.多因素分析显示仅颅脑MRI异常和意识状态异常与VE预后有明确关系,MRI多个病灶较单个病灶预后更差[P=0.03,OR =13.0,95%CI (2.40,70.46)].结论 VE的预后是多因素共同作用的结果,意识状态异常、

  9. Clinical study of different risk factors on prognosis among chronic heart failure patients of different genders%慢性心力衰竭患者性别差异对预后的影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚松筠; 彭芬; 赵静; 李葚煦; 崔晓静; 刘琳; 丁文惠

    2014-01-01

    Objective Serial follow-up study was conducted in chronic heart failure cohort of our center .Etiology ,comorbidity ,clinical characteristics of these patients and the incidence of adverse events were analyzed ,focusing on the influence of gender difference of risk factors .Methods Consecutive 228 patients diagnosed as chronic heart failure were enrolled .History ,physical exam-ination findings ,lab and ultrasonographicdata were collected .Average follow-up were 23 .6 ± 6.5 months .End points were defined as re-admission of heart failure ,death of cardiac origin ,and all-cause death .The risk factors of female and male patients were analyzed and compared .Results No significant difference of these prognostic events was detected between genders .However ,fe-male patients were older than males ,complicated with more hypertension ,atrial fibrillation ,chron-ic kidney disease ,and diastolic dysfunction (P<0 .01) .In females ,atrial fibrillation was an inde-pendent risk factor of recurrence of decompensated heart failure (OR=6 .874 ,95% CI:1 .932 -24.459 ,P=0 .003);low LVEF and high pulmonary artery pressure in acute phase independently predicted deaths of cardiac origin (OR=0 .917 ,95% CI:0 .851 -0 .989 ,P=0 .024 ;OR= 1 .107 , 95% CI:1 .021-1 .200 ,P=0 .013);NYHA functional class in chronic phase independently predic-ted all-cause deaths (OR=12 .484 ,95% CI:1 .117 -139 .495 ,P= 0 .040) .Conclusion Different risk factors of adverse prognosis were found between genders .Optimization of management on at-rial fibrillation and diastolic heart failure are more meaningful among females .%目的:对慢性心力衰竭(心衰)患者进行随访,评估其病因、合并疾病、临床特征与心衰预后指标的相关性,分析性别差异对患者预后影响的相关危险因素。方法连续纳入慢性心衰患者228例,每3个月门诊随访,收集临床资料、心脏超声参数等。记录患者心衰再入院、心源性死亡以及全因死亡终点

  10. Post-marketing surveillance of the safety profile of iodixanol in the outpatient CT setting. A prospective, multicenter, observational study of patient risk factors, adverse reactions and preventive measures in 9953 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, Frank Hugo Heinz [Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Center, Ludwigshafen (Germany)

    2014-11-15

    Non-interventional study in outpatient, contrast-enhanced CT: 1. to determine the extent of preventive measures for risk reduction of adverse drug reactions after contrast-enhanced CT examinations. 2. to prospectively determine the incidence and severity of adverse drug reactions occurring after administration of the iso-osmolar contrast medium iodixanol. 3. to determine a possible influence of preventive measures on the incidence/severity of adverse drug reactions. Evaluable documentation was provided for 9953 patients from 66 radiology centers across Germany. Patient characteristics, aspects of iodixanol administration, and adverse events with an at least 'possible' relationship were documented on a standardized case report form (CRF) and were evaluated up to seven days after contrast medium administration. About 55.5% of patients showed one or more risk factors (e.g. impaired renal function 4.4%, diabetes mellitus 8.5%, hypertension 20.6%). One third of the sites did not implement any preventive measures. Patients with a known risk for an allergy-like reaction were more likely to receive pharmacologic preventive treatment (0.5-50.5%). Oral hydration was the main preventive measure in patients with renal risk factors (<8%) followed by intravenous hydration (1%). Adverse drug reactions, mainly hypersensitivity reactions, occurred in 77 patients (0.74%), but were classified as serious in only 3 patients (0.03%). No statistically significant correlation between risk factors, preventive measures, and adverse reactions could be found. The use of preventive measures for CT examinations in this outpatient setting was generally low with risk patients being pre-medicated more often, depending on their history. In the routine outpatient setting, iso-osmolar iodixanol was very well tolerated in almost 10 000 patients undergoing diagnostic CT. The rate of acute and delayed adverse reactions was low. No correlation could be found between risk factors, preventive

  11. Urinary Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) • Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Binding Protein 7 (IGFBP7) Predicts Adverse Outcome in Pediatric Acute Kidney Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westhoff, Jens H.; Tönshoff, Burkhard; Waldherr, Sina; Pöschl, Johannes; Teufel, Ulrike; Westhoff, Timm H.; Fichtner, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    Background The G1 cell cycle inhibitors tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) have been identified as promising biomarkers for the prediction of adverse outcomes including renal replacement therapy (RRT) and mortality in critically ill adult patients who develop acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the prognostic value of urinary TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 in neonatal and pediatric AKI for adverse outcome has not been investigated yet. Methods The product of the urinary concentration of TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 ([TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7]) was assessed by a commercially available immunoassay (NephroCheck™) in a prospective cohort study in 133 subjects aged 0–18 years including 46 patients with established AKI according to pRIFLE criteria, 27 patients without AKI (non-AKI group I) and 60 apparently healthy neonates and children (non-AKI group II). AKI etiologies were: dehydration/hypovolemia (n = 7), hemodynamic instability (n = 7), perinatal asphyxia (n = 9), septic shock (n = 7), typical hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS; n = 5), interstitial nephritis (n = 5), vasculitis (n = 4), nephrotoxic injury (n = 1) and renal vein thrombosis (n = 1). Results When AKI patients were classified into pRIFLE criteria, 6/46 (13%) patients fulfilled the criteria for the category “Risk”, 13/46 (28%) for “Injury”, 26/46 (57%) for “Failure” and 1/46 (2%) for “Loss”. Patients in the “Failure” stage had a median 3.7-fold higher urinary [TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7] compared to non-AKI subjects (P<0.001). When analyzed for AKI etiology, highest [TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7] values were found in patients with septic shock (P<0.001 vs. non-AKI I+II). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses in the AKI group revealed good performance of [TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7] in predicting 30-day (area under the curve (AUC) 0.79; 95% CI, 0.61–0.97) and 3-month mortality (AUC 0.84; 95% CI, 0.67–0.99) and moderate performance in predicting RRT

  12. Urinary Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2 • Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Binding Protein 7 (IGFBP7 Predicts Adverse Outcome in Pediatric Acute Kidney Injury.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jens H Westhoff

    Full Text Available The G1 cell cycle inhibitors tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP7 have been identified as promising biomarkers for the prediction of adverse outcomes including renal replacement therapy (RRT and mortality in critically ill adult patients who develop acute kidney injury (AKI. However, the prognostic value of urinary TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 in neonatal and pediatric AKI for adverse outcome has not been investigated yet.The product of the urinary concentration of TIMP-2 and IGFBP7 ([TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7] was assessed by a commercially available immunoassay (NephroCheck™ in a prospective cohort study in 133 subjects aged 0-18 years including 46 patients with established AKI according to pRIFLE criteria, 27 patients without AKI (non-AKI group I and 60 apparently healthy neonates and children (non-AKI group II. AKI etiologies were: dehydration/hypovolemia (n = 7, hemodynamic instability (n = 7, perinatal asphyxia (n = 9, septic shock (n = 7, typical hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS; n = 5, interstitial nephritis (n = 5, vasculitis (n = 4, nephrotoxic injury (n = 1 and renal vein thrombosis (n = 1.When AKI patients were classified into pRIFLE criteria, 6/46 (13% patients fulfilled the criteria for the category "Risk", 13/46 (28% for "Injury", 26/46 (57% for "Failure" and 1/46 (2% for "Loss". Patients in the "Failure" stage had a median 3.7-fold higher urinary [TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7] compared to non-AKI subjects (P<0.001. When analyzed for AKI etiology, highest [TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7] values were found in patients with septic shock (P<0.001 vs. non-AKI I+II. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC curve analyses in the AKI group revealed good performance of [TIMP-2]•[IGFBP7] in predicting 30-day (area under the curve (AUC 0.79; 95% CI, 0.61-0.97 and 3-month mortality (AUC 0.84; 95% CI, 0.67-0.99 and moderate performance in predicting RRT (AUC 0.67; 95% CI, 0.50-0.84.This study shows that urinary [TIMP

  13. The relationship between nuclear factor (NF)-κB family gene expression and prognosis in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients receiving adjuvant doxorubicin treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ji-Yeon; Jung, Hae Hyun; Ahn, Soomin; Bae, SooYoun; Lee, Se Kyung; Kim, Seok Won; Lee, Jeong Eon; Nam, Seok Jin; Ahn, Jin Seok; Im, Young-Hyuck; Park, Yeon Hee

    2016-01-01

    We investigated gene expression profiles of the NF-κB pathway in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) receiving adjuvant chemotherapy to determine the prognostic value of NF-κB pathway genes according to chemotherapeutic regimen. We used the nCounter expression assay to measure expression of 11 genes (NFKB1, NFKB2, RELA, RELB, REL, TP53, FOXC1, TBP, SP1, STAT3 and IRF1 genes) belonging to the NF-κB pathway using mRNA extracted from paraffin-embedded tumor tissues from 203 patients diagnosed with TNBC. Of the 203 patients, 116 were treated with a chemotherapeutic regimen containing doxorubicin. As revealed by the expression profiles of the 11 genes, increased expression of SP1 was associated with poor prognosis in TNBC patients treated with adjuvant doxorubicin chemotherapy (5-year distant recurrence-free survival [5Y DRFS], low vs. high expression [cut-off: median]: 92.3% vs. 71.6%, P = 0.001). In a multivariate Cox regression model, SP1 expression was a useful marker for predicting long-term prognosis in TNBC patients receiving doxorubicin treatment, and we thus suggest that SP1 expression could serve as a prognostic marker in these patients. PMID:27545642

  14. The relationship between nuclear factor (NF)-κB family gene expression and prognosis in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients receiving adjuvant doxorubicin treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ji-Yeon; Jung, Hae Hyun; Ahn, Soomin; Bae, SooYoun; Lee, Se Kyung; Kim, Seok Won; Lee, Jeong Eon; Nam, Seok Jin; Ahn, Jin Seok; Im, Young-Hyuck; Park, Yeon Hee

    2016-01-01

    We investigated gene expression profiles of the NF-κB pathway in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) receiving adjuvant chemotherapy to determine the prognostic value of NF-κB pathway genes according to chemotherapeutic regimen. We used the nCounter expression assay to measure expression of 11 genes (NFKB1, NFKB2, RELA, RELB, REL, TP53, FOXC1, TBP, SP1, STAT3 and IRF1 genes) belonging to the NF-κB pathway using mRNA extracted from paraffin-embedded tumor tissues from 203 patients diagnosed with TNBC. Of the 203 patients, 116 were treated with a chemotherapeutic regimen containing doxorubicin. As revealed by the expression profiles of the 11 genes, increased expression of SP1 was associated with poor prognosis in TNBC patients treated with adjuvant doxorubicin chemotherapy (5-year distant recurrence-free survival [5Y DRFS], low vs. high expression [cut-off: median]: 92.3% vs. 71.6%, P = 0.001). In a multivariate Cox regression model, SP1 expression was a useful marker for predicting long-term prognosis in TNBC patients receiving doxorubicin treatment, and we thus suggest that SP1 expression could serve as a prognostic marker in these patients. PMID:27545642

  15. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... before cancer How you respond to treatment Seeking Information About Your Prognosis Is a Personal Decision When ... Twitter Instagram YouTube Google+ LinkedIn GovDelivery RSS CONTACT INFORMATION Contact Us LiveHelp Online Chat MORE INFORMATION About ...

  16. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Diagnosis Staging Prognosis Treatment Types of Treatment Side Effects Clinical Trials Cancer Drugs Complementary & Alternative Medicine Coping Feelings & Cancer Adjusting to Cancer Self Image & Sexuality Day to Day Life Survivorship For Family & Friends Questions to Ask About Cancer Advanced Cancer ...

  17. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Your Diagnosis Research Understanding Cancer Prognosis Oncologist Anthony L. Back, M.D., a national expert on doctor- ... YouTube. Three cancer patients and their doctor, Anthony L. Back, M.D. -- an oncologist who is also ...

  18. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Your Cancer Prognosis Video View this video on YouTube. Three cancer patients and their doctor, Anthony L. ... One Couple's Creative Response View this video on YouTube. Vanessa, an artist, and her husband Roy discover ...

  19. Symposium summary and prognosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The summary of the symposium on high energy physics experiments includes phenomena at low energies, the foundations of physics (considered to be mainly gravitation and quantum electrodynamics), standards of reference used for interpretation of experimental data, the new physics, particle proliferation, theoretical development, and a prognosis for the future

  20. Adverse trends of cardiovascular risk factors among low risk populations (1983-1994 - a cohort study of workers and farmers in Guangzhou, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Xiaoqing

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The levels and trends of cardiovascular risk factors vary greatly throughout China. We examine 10-year trends of cardiovascular risk factors (1983-1994 and the factors related to these trends among low-risk cohorts of workers and farmers in Guangzhou, China. Methods This is a cohort study of 3,131 workers and 3,493 farmers aged 25-64 years at baseline with 10 years of follow-up. We performed a longitudinal analysis to account for the aging of the cohorts and the repeated measures of the same individual. Results At baseline the prevalence of overweight (including obese ranged from 1.0% to 11.8%, hypertension ranged from 3.8% to 10.5%, and mean serum total cholesterol (TC ranged from 155.4 mg/dl to 187.2 mg/dl. Although prevalence of smoking declined, blood pressure levels and body mass index (BMI increased significantly, and lipid profiles changed unfavorably during the 10-year follow-ups. The prevalence of hypertension increased from 5.0 percentage points (female farmers to 12.3 percentage points (male farmers. Mean TC increased significantly (e.g., +22.8 mg/dl and +17.0 mg/dl in male and female farmers, respectively. In the longitudinal data analyses, increase in BMI was associated with increase in blood pressure levels and TC. Significant adverse trends of risk factors persisted after adjustment for aging, education, BMI, smoking, and alcohol intake. Conclusion Urgent action is needed to prevent and reverse the unhealthy trends occurring among these low risk Chinese workers and farmers.

  1. Analysis of related factors concerning prognosis in patients with delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide poisoning%一氧化碳中毒迟发性脑病患者预后相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高宇; 高春锦; 王铁; 葛环; 杨晶; 宋振国

    2013-01-01

    目的 分析一氧化碳中毒迟发性脑病患者预后的相关因素,为临床更好地判断一氧化碳中毒迟发性脑病预后提供依据.方法 一氧化碳中毒迟发性脑病患者52例,详细记录预后可能的相关因素,包括性别、年龄、昏迷时间、假愈期、一氧化碳中毒后是否行高压氧治疗,有无高血压、糖尿病病史,并在迟发性脑病高峰期进行生活自理能力评分及脑葡萄糖代谢测定.结果 影响一氧化碳中毒迟发性脑病患者临床预后的3个独立因素分别为性别、年龄和迟发性脑病假愈期时间(P<0.05).结论 一氧化碳中毒迟发性脑病的预后与性别、年龄及假愈期时间有关,脑葡萄糖代谢值尚不能作为预测迟发性脑病预后的指标.%Objective To analyze related factors concerning prognosis in patients with delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide poisoning,and to provide clinical evidence for better assessment of prognosis of delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide poisoning.Methods Fifty-two cases of delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide poisoning were enrolled in our study.Such related factors as gender,age,duration of coma,false lucid interval time,HBO therapy,blood pressure and history of diabetes were all recorded in detail.Scores of activities of daily living (ADL) at the peak of delayed encephalopathy were recorded and cerebral glucose metabolism was monitored.Results The 3 independent factors affecting the clinical outcome of patients with delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide poisoning were gender,age and false lucid interval time (P < 0.05).Conclusions The prognosis of delayed encephalopathy was associated with gender,age,and false lucid interval time,the value of cerebral glucose metabolism could not be used as an index for predicting the prognosis of delayed encephalopathy.

  2. 不良妊娠结局现状及其影响因素分析%Current status of adverse pregnancy outcomes and their influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李媛媛; 张海鲲; 李忠良; 张成元

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current status of adverse pregnancy outcomes and their major influencing factors .Methods Totally 698 pregnant women visiting hospital were randomly selected from 2 hospitals in Shandong Weifang from May 2012 to May 2013.The general situation of newborns ’ mother and father , pregnancy and delivery data were obtained through maternal clinical records , birth records, on-the-spot inquiry and follow-up.Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to screen the major influencing factors of pregnancy outcomes .Results The incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes was 15.09%.Good maternal nutritional status was protective factor of pregnancy outcomes (OR=2.28, 95%CI:1.47-3.54, P<0.05).Risk factors included advanced maternal age , long-term medication history , maternal history of abnormal pregnancy , pregnancy complications , bacterial or viral infection , history of exposure to harmful factors, abnormal amniotic fluid and placenta (all P<0.05).Conclusion Childbearing women are advocated to deliver at best childbearing age .Maternal nutrition should be balanced , and exposure to harmful factors such as pesticide should be reduced .Health care during pregnancy and childbirth needs to be emphasized , and special attention should be paid to the prevention of infection , pregnancy complications , abnormal placenta and amniotic fluid abnormality .%目的:了解不良妊娠结局的现状并探讨其主要影响因素。方法随机抽取山东省潍坊市2家医院2012年5月至2013年5月期间就诊的孕产妇共计698人,通过查阅产妇病例、新生儿出生记录、现场询问和随访获得产妇和新生儿父亲的一般情况、孕期及分娩情况等资料,应用多因素Logistic回归分析筛选妊娠结局的主要影响因素。结果不良妊娠结局的发生率为15.09%;产妇营养状况好为妊娠结局的保护性因素(OR=2.28,95%CI:1.47~3.54,P<0.05);而高龄产妇、

  3. Understanding Your Cancer Prognosis Video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Understanding Your Cancer Prognosis is the main video in the NCI Prognosis Video Series, which offers the perspectives of three cancer patients and their doctor, an oncologist who is also a national expert in doctor-patient communication.

  4. Fertility prognosis for infertile couples

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bostofte, E; Bagger, P; Michael, A;

    1993-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To develop a fertility prognosis model for infertile couples. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. PARTICIPANTS: In the period November 30, 1977 to June 1, 1985, 321 consecutive couples were investigated for infertility at Hvidovre University Hospital. Investigation of the female...... MEASURE: The Cox regression model was used to predict the time required to conceive based on informations provided by fertility investigations. RESULTS: Three of 16 prognostic variables (the period of infertility, the female infertility factor, and the P-test) possess significant prognostic information....... The period of infertility and the P-test are best scored as continuous variables, whereas the female infertility factor are best categorized in four classes, i.e., normal, ovulation or cervical disorder, anatomic disorder, or a combination of disorders. CONCLUSIONS: The three prognostic variables...

  5. Reproductive prognosis in endometriosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjordt Hansen, Maj V; Dalsgaard, Torur; Hartwell, Dorthe;

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproductive long-term prognosis of women with and without endometriosis, to explore changes over time, and to quantify the contribution of artificial reproductive techniques. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Denmark 1977-2009. SAMPLE: Data retrieved from four national...... registries. Among 15-49-year-old women during the period 1977-82, 24 667 were diagnosed with endometriosis and 98 668 (1:4) women without endometriosis were age-matched. METHODS: To assess long-term reproductive prognosis, all pregnancy outcomes were identified among the women with and without endometriosis...... until the end of 2009. To explore changes over time, the endometriosis cohorts were followed for 15 years from the years 1980, 1986, 1992 and 1998, with the corresponding control cohorts. All pregnancy outcomes were categorized into naturally or artificially conceived pregnancies. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES...

  6. Sustained myocardial production of stromal cell-derived factor-1α was associated with left ventricular adverse remodeling in patients with myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uematsu, Manabu; Yoshizaki, Toru; Shimizu, Takuya; Obata, Jun-ei; Nakamura, Takamitsu; Fujioka, Daisuke; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Watanabe, Yosuke; Kugiyama, Kiyotaka

    2015-11-15

    The role of stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) expressed in infarcted myocardium is unknown in humans. We examined whether SDF-1α produced in an infarcted myocardial lesion may play a role in left ventricle (LV) remodeling and dysfunction in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We measured SDF-1α levels in plasma obtained from aortic root (AO) and anterior interventricular vein (AIV) in the early phase (2 wk after MI) and the chronic phase (6 mo after MI) in 80 patients with anterior MI. An increment in SDF-1α level from AO to AIV, reflecting SDF-1α release from infarcted myocardium, was more frequent in patients with MI in the early phase of MI [n = 52 (65%), P = 0.03] but not in the chronic phase of MI [n = 46 (58%), P = 0.11] compared with that in control patients [n = 6/17 (35%)]. On linear regression analysis, the transmyocardial gradient in SDF-1α level in the chronic phase of MI was correlated with percentage changes in LV end-diastolic volume index (r = 0.39, P infarcted myocardium in the chronic phase of MI was associated with LV adverse remodeling and progressive dysfunction in AMI survivors.

  7. 影响糖尿病酮症酸中毒患者预后相关因素研究%Effects of Factors Associated with Prognosis in Patients with Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李寒月; 于宏君; 常诚; 赵海燕; 闾宏伟

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To study the effect of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) related prognostic factors.Methods:In our hospital from 2011 June to 2014 May revenues of diabetic ketoacidosis patients with a total of 122 cases,according to the prognosis of patients divided into group and death group,the prognosis of the patients were compared by observing the relevant factors.Results:In this group,122 patients were given symptomatic treatment of patients with diabetic ketoacidosis,of which there were 17 death cases,the mortality rate was 13.9%,105 cases of survival.Comparison of effects of general prognostic factors of diabetic ketoacidosis,the data had no statistical significance,P > 0.05,show the prognostic factors of 12h,blood glucose and insulin in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis were factors influencing the prognosis,P 0.05,12h后预后相关因素显示,患者血糖及胰岛素用量为影响糖尿病酮症酸中毒预后的因素,P<0.05, 24h后预后相关因素显示,患者意识障碍及发热为影响糖尿病酮症酸中毒预后的因素,P<0.05,多因素Logistic回归分析中显示, 12h血糖、胰岛素用量,24h意识障碍、发热为影响糖尿病酮症酸中毒预后的独立危险因素.结论:12h血糖、胰岛素用量,24h意识障碍、发热对糖尿病酮症酸中毒患者预后具有影响,统计分析DKA患者入院24h内临床及实验室指标,可以分层分析DKA患者的危险程度,并给予针对性处理.

  8. Clinical severity and prognosis of hand eczema

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hald, M; Agner, T; Blands, J;

    2009-01-01

    to identify factors associated with severe disease and a poor prognosis. METHODS: Study participants were 799 patients with HE from nine dermatological clinics in Denmark. Severity assessment of the HE was done at baseline and at the 6-month follow-up using the Hand Eczema Severity Index (HECSI...

  9. The Prognosis of Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and Diabetes Mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladu Mihaela

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Diabetes mellitus (DM is a chronic disease which can evolve towards devastating micro and macro-vascular complications. Chronic kidney disease (CKD is a worldwide public health problem, with adverse outcomes of kidney failure, cardiovascular disease (CVD and premature death. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognosis in patients with DM and CKD, depending on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR and albuminuria, according to the classification of Clinical Practice Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of Chronic Kidney Disease (KDIGO from 2013 Materials and Methods: The study was epidemiological, transversal, non interventional type, with 600 subjects unselected patients divided into three subgroups: 200 patients with T1DM, 200 patients with T2DM and 200 age matched subjects without DM. The recorded data have been analyzed using the Statistic Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, the 17.00 software (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, United States of America. Results:. We found a statistically significant difference among the three study groups (p < 0.0001 regarding the prognosis of CKD. Conclusions: DM represents an important risk factor for the appearance of CKD but also a negative prognosis factor for the patients with CKD.

  10. Prognosis of primary liver carcinoma treated with local resection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡建强; 胡敬群; 车旭; 赵建军; 毕新宇; 邵永孚

    2003-01-01

    Objective To discuss the prognosis of primary liver carcinoma treated with local resection and factors affecting prognosis.Methods The data of 130 patients who had been treated from October 1989 to October 1995 were analyzed retrospectively. We analyzed the concrete operating methods, the cause of postoperative complications and factors affecting prognosis.Results Curative local resection was performed in 130 patients. Operation-related mort ality was 0.8% and the incidence of complication was 16.1% (n=18). The overal l 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 82.1%, 60.6% and 48.2%, respective ly. Involvement of blood vessels or liver capsules and the elevation of AST bef ore operation were the significant factors affecting prognosis (P<0.05).Conclusion Local resection is a safe method characterized by little damage, rapid, less blo od loss, low complication rate and good prognosis.

  11. 早产儿肺透明膜病发病及预后的高危因素分析%Analysis on the high risk factors of pathogenesis and prognosis with hyaline membrane disease in premature infant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱良梅; 李晓春; 孔少云; 汪敏慧

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the high risk factors of pathogenesis and prognosis with hyaline membrane disease in premature infant, and to provide preventive measures for hyaline membrane disease in premature infant. Methods: 67 children who were confirmed hyaline membrane disease were chosen as the objects of the research, as the same time in the hospital,1194 premature infants were allocated into control groups, the high risk factors of pathogenesis and prognosis with HMD would be retrospective analysis. Results: Asphyxia in perinatal period, placenta previa, placental abruption, small gestational age, low-body weight was the high risk factors of the happening of HMD, but premature rupture of membranes and antenatal glucocorticoids were preventions for HMD. The smaller of the gestational age and the lower of the weight, the prognosis of HMD were the worse. In the early stage, using the pulmonary surfactants could improve the survival rates of HMD. Conclusion: Pregnant woman, especially high risk pregnant women should attach importance to prenatal examination, find problems in time and correctly dispose, eliminate the high risk factors of HMD, reduce the premature infants, treat actively, and reduce the morbidities and the case fatality rates of HMD.%目的:探讨早产儿肺透明膜病(HMD)发病及影响预后的高危因素,为新生儿肺透明膜病发病提供预防措施。方法:选择67例HMD患儿为研究对象,同期住院的1194例早产儿为对照组,回顾性分析与HMD发病及预后有关的危险因素。结果:围生期窒息、前置胎盘、胎盘早剥、小胎龄、低体重为早产儿HMD发生的高危因素,而胎膜早破及产前使用糖皮质激素对HMD有预防作用。而胎龄越小、体重越低HMD预后越差,早期使用肺表面活性物质明显提高HMD存活率。结论:对孕母特别是高危妊娠孕母重视产前检查,及时发现问题并予以正确处理,减少早产,积极消除HMD高危

  12. 老年期全面惊厥性癫持续状态预后不良的影响因素%To Explore the Influence Factors of senile Comprehensive Convulsive status Epilepticus of poor Prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单玉民

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨老年期全面惊厥性癫持续状态预后不良的影响因素。方法对2013年6月至2014年6月我院收治的60例全面惊厥性癫患者资料进行回顾性分析。结果60例患者中病死7例,占11.7%,均死于多器官功能障碍综合征(MODS);53例生存患者中,32例出现不同程度的复发,21例得到完全控制,复发率为53.3%,治愈率为35.0%。结论老年期全面惊厥性癫持续状态预后不良的影响因素有MODS、原发病未根除以及机体的自身因素等。%Objective To explore the influence factors of senile comprehensive convulsive status epilepticus of poor prognosis.Methods In 2013 June to 2014 June in our hospital 60 cases of epilepsy patients comprehensive retrospective analysis..Results 7 patients died,60 death patients accounted for 11.7%,al died of multiple organ failure comprehensive disorder syndrome multiple organ(MODS);53 cases of survivors,32 cases occurred different degrees of recurrence,21 cases got complete control,the cure rate was 35.0%,the recurrence rate was 53.3%. Conclusion The influence factors of senile comprehensive convulsive status epilepticus of poor prognosis of MODS,the primary disease was not eradicated and the body's own factors etc.

  13. Risk factors of prognosis for patients with HBV related liver failure and the prognosis model%乙型肝炎相关肝功能衰竭患者预后危险因素及预后模型建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤伟亮; 谢青; 赵钢德; 董志霞; 项晓刚; 王晖; 周惠娟; 桂红莲; 郭斯敏; 庄焱

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨影响乙型肝炎相关肝衰竭患者预后的危险因素并建立其预后模型.方法 回顾性收集2006年6月至2008年12月在我科收治的178例乙型肝炎相关肝衰竭患者的临床资料.采用x 2和t检验和非参数检验进行单因素分析,Logistic回归进行多因素分析.结果 年龄、腹水、感染、消化道出血、肝性脑病、肝肾综合征、甲胎蛋白、PT、WBC、TBil、DBil、Cr、BUN、血清钠在生存组与死亡组之间差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).Logistic多因素分析进一步显示,肝性脑病、感染、PT、TBil是影响乙型肝炎相关肝衰竭患者预后的独立危险因素.同时对所得出的独立危险因素建立该人群的预后判断模型,通过计算预后指数并绘制ROC曲线,计算其曲线下面积(AUC)为0.931(95%CI:0.893~0.970).其评估价值优于CTP分级(0.862)、MELD评分(0.807)及MELD-Na评分(0.774).结论 肝性脑病、感染、PT、TBil是影响乙型肝炎相关肝衰竭患者预后的独立危险因素.建立的预后模型能够较为准确地预测乙型肝炎相关肝衰竭患者的短期预后,是一个较为理想的乙型肝炎相关肝衰竭预后评估系统.%Objective To investigate the risk factors of the prognosis for HBV related liver failure and thus to establish a prognosis model. Methods Retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 178 patients with HBV related liver failure in Ruijin hospital from June 2006 to December 2008. Quantitative data were analyzed by using t test and rank test, and qualitative data were analyzed by using Chi-square test. Then Logistic regression analysis was used for selecting the independent risk factors of the prognosis for HBV related liver failure. Based on independent risk factors from Logistic regression analysis, prognostic model for the patients with HBV related liver failure was established. Results The differences of age, ascites, infection, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hepatic

  14. Influencing factors for prognosis of congenital heart disease complicated with infective endocarditis%影响先天性心脏病合并感染性心内膜炎的预后分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海红; 赵铁英; 田甜

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the influencing factors for prognosis of the shunt congenital heart disease com-plicated with infective endocarditis so as to provide guidance for clinical treatment .METHODS The shunt congenital heart disease patients complicated with infective endocarditis who were treated in the hospital from Apr 2002 to Oct 2012 were recruited in the study ,then the clinical data of the subjects were retrospectively analyzed ,the sur-vival rates of the patients were calculated by using Kaplan-Merier method ,and the influencing factors for the prog-nosis were observed .RESULTS The six-month survival rate of the patients was 84 .00% .The univariate analysis indicated that the congenital heart disease surgery ,complication of anemia ,complication of arrhythmia ,and com-plication of severe heart failure were the related influencing factors for the prognosis (P<0 .05);the multivariate analysis of the COX model showed that the congenital heart disease surgery ,severe heart failure ,and anemia were the independent influencing factors for the prognosis of the shunt congenital heart disease patients complicated with infective endocarditis .The relative risk of death of the patients with severe heart failure increased by 2 .267 times , the patients with anemia by 1 .473 times .CONCLUSION The complication of anemia and complication of severe heart failure are the important factors to increase the relative risk of death .It is an effective way to focus on the prevention of complications during the treatment process so as to raise the survival rates of the patients .%目的:探讨影响分流型先天性心脏病合并感染性心内膜炎的预后因素,为临床治疗提供参考依据。方法回顾性分析医院2002年4月-2012年10月收治的分流型先天性心脏病合并感染性心内膜炎患者临床资料,采用Kaplan-M erier法计算患者的生存率,研究影响患者预后的相关因素。结果患者治疗6个月后的生存率为84.00%

  15. 颈椎创伤合并脊髓损伤手术治疗的预后和影响因素%Prognosis and influencing factors of cervical spinal cord injury patients with trauma operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何小勇

    2015-01-01

    Objective Observation and analysis of influencing factors of spinal cord injury, provides references for the clinical treatment. Methods 237 patients of in our hospital in last 10 years of with cervical trauma complicated with spinal cord injury were collected, multiple factor correlation analysis was used to analyze the prognosis through the age, sex, cause of injury, the time of referral, operation start time, the injury site (section), complications, spinal canal encroachment rate, hormone applicationuse of hormones within the 8h, prehospital cervical support, preoperative traction, and the operation mode of this injury prognosis. Results By single factor analysis of 12 factors influenced, the referral time, preoperative history of injury, operation start time, spinal canal encroachment rate and hormone application within 8h, pre hospital neck support, whether preoperative traction (P≤0.1), the other factors had poor correlation with the prognosis of the patients:age (P=0.203), gender (P=0.982), the damage stage (P=0.774), operation mode(P=0. 189). The influencing factors on screening of multiple factor Logistic regression analysis found that referral time, operation start time, spinal canal encroachment rate and hormone use application within 8h were cClosely related to the prognosis (P<0.05). Conclusion The main factors that influence the prognosis of patients with cervical spine trauma complicated with spinal cord injury were: the referral time, operation start time, spinal canal encroachment rate and hormone application within 8h. Fast and effective pre-hospital aid, the appropriate operation time, timely decompression of the spinal cord and the early application of hormone could effectively improve the prognosis of cervical vertebra trauma complicated with spinal cord injury.%目的 观察分析颈椎创伤合并脊髓损伤手术治疗的预后和影响因素,为临床治疗该类疾病提供参考. 方法 收集本院10年来颈椎创

  16. Clinical characteristics and risk factors of prognosis in children with brain trauma in PICU%PICU儿童颅脑外伤的临床特点及预后相关危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭张妍; 裴亮; 刘春峰

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨儿童颅脑外伤的临床特点及预后相关的危险因素.方法 对2009年1月至2014年12月中国医科大学附属盛京医院PICU收治的符合颅脑外伤患儿的临床资料进行回顾性分析,采用单因素和多因素Logistic回归分析方法,分析入院时Glasgow昏迷评分(GCS)评分,入院24h内的血糖、血乳酸、PT、INR、血钠、血钾、脉搏以及入院时间、年龄、性别、是否手术治疗,发生呼吸衰竭、休克及脑疝等因素与患儿生存预后的关系.结果 125例患儿中,存活84例,死亡41例,病死率为32.8%.相关危险因素单因素分析结果显示,入院时GCS评分、血糖、血乳酸、INR、呼吸衰竭、休克对儿童颅脑外伤预后有显著影响(P<0.05).多因素Logistic回归分析显示GCS评分、血糖、血乳酸、呼吸衰竭是影响儿童颅脑外伤预后的独立危险因素(OR分别为7.434、0.473、0.615、0.000,P<0.05).结论 儿童颅脑外伤具有病情凶险、预后差、致残致死率高的临床特点,入院时GCS评分,入院24h内的血糖、血乳酸水平及发生呼吸衰竭是影响儿童颅脑外伤预后的独立危险因素.%Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics and risk factors of prognosis in children with brain trauma.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 125 cases diagnosed as brain trauma in PICU of Shengjing Hospital affiliated to China Medical University from January 2009 to December 2014.The risk factors influencing prognosis were analyzed by using single factor analysis and multiple factors Logistic regression methods.The risk factors included Glasgow coma score (GCS) on admission,blood glucose,lactic acid,prothrombin time,international normalized ratio (INR),serum sodium,serum potassiumin,pulse within 24 hours after admission,gender,age,time for therapy,shock,respiratory failure,cerebral hermia and surgery.Results Eighty-four cases survived and 41 cases died.The fatality rate was 32.8

  17. [Prognosis in tumor diagnosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruns, G

    1983-01-01

    This essay on prognosis in tumor diagnosis pathology resp. tumor etiology, cancerogenesis and molecular oncology is the authors personal opinion. Generally tumor diagnosis improves with progress in histo- and cytological methods for example in tumors of the APUD-system and precancerous lesions especially of the breast. Fundamental principle of developed tumor diagnosis is the knowledge of malignant transformation. Its profits favours the etiology in cancerogenesis and e.g. non Hodgkin lymphomas (Burkitt lymphoma, adult T-cell lymphoma) and to result from new methods in molecular biology and viral genetics (DNS-hybridizing, -recombination and gene technology). With the beginning century a stepwise fitted diagnosis of malignant lymphomas is evident up to monoclonal dedifferentiated lymphoid cells and their multifarious phenotypical markers. This concept may be of general significance in tumor diagnosis already indicated in prelymphomas. Finally the present prognosis of tumor diagnosis is evaluated by contents, tasks and strategies of its corresponding research lines in clinical and experimental tumor pathology resp. its organization.

  18. 突发性聋的病因、治疗及预后相关因素的探讨%The Etiology,Treatment and Prognosis of Sudden Deafness Related Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱霞; 张兆峰; 王兴峰

    2013-01-01

      突发性聋成为严重危害健康人群听力的耳科常见病,虽然治疗突发性聋的研究由来已久,但仍有多数病例遗留永久性听力损失。我们应深入了解突发性聋的特点及预后相关因素,帮助患者复聪。%Sudden deafness is otology diseases,which cause serious damage to healthy people listening. Sudden deafness research time has been for a long time,but there are still most cases left permanent hearing loss. In order to help patients after hearing,we study the characteristics and prognosis of sudden deafness related factors.

  19. Analysis on Related Impact Factors to Prognosis of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury%颅脑外伤患者预后相关影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      目的:探讨颅脑外伤预后的相关影响因素。方法:随机选择我院收治的112例颅脑外伤患者,对其临床资料进行回顾性分析,分析患者的入院时的临床症状、合并并发症以及实验室检查等指标与其预后的相关性。结果:单因素分析显示存活组发生呼吸改变、休克、双侧瞳孔散大、脑挫裂伤、颅内血肿、肺部感染、上消化道出血、并发高钠血症、入院时血糖水平、入院时GCS评分与死亡组相比,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。多因素分析显示,双侧瞳孔散大、肺部感染、并发高血钠症、入院时GCS评分是影响颅脑外伤预后的独立因素。结论:颅脑外伤的预后与患者入院时出现双侧瞳孔放大、休克、呼吸改变,合并颅内血肿、脑挫裂伤、肺部感染、高血钠症以及上消化道出血,入院时格拉斯哥昏迷评分(GCS),以及血糖水平等密切相关,针对影响预后的因素制定相应预防措施,可有效提高患者的生存率和生存质量。%Objective:To explore affective related factors of traumatic brain injury.Methods:Retrospective analysis of 112 cases of traumatic brain injury patients,analyze the correlation of the patient's admission of clinical symptoms,merger complications and laboratory examination index with prognosis.Results:Single factor analysis show that live group happen respiratory changes,shock,double side mydriasis,cerebral contusion,intracranial hematoma,pulmonary infection,upper gastrointestinal bleeding,concurrent high natremia,admission blood glucose level,admission GCS score group compared with death,a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Multiariate analysis show that bilateral mydriasis,pulmonary infection,concurrent high natremia,admission GCS score are the independent factors that affect the prognosis of traumatic brain injury.Conclusion:The prognosis of traumatic brain injury with admission appear double side

  20. Analysis on Related Impact Factors to Prognosis of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury%颅脑外伤患者预后相关影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马坤

    2013-01-01

      目的:探讨颅脑外伤预后的相关影响因素。方法:随机选择我院收治的112例颅脑外伤患者,对其临床资料进行回顾性分析,分析患者的入院时的临床症状、合并并发症以及实验室检查等指标与其预后的相关性。结果:单因素分析显示存活组发生呼吸改变、休克、双侧瞳孔散大、脑挫裂伤、颅内血肿、肺部感染、上消化道出血、并发高钠血症、入院时血糖水平、入院时GCS评分与死亡组相比,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。多因素分析显示,双侧瞳孔散大、肺部感染、并发高血钠症、入院时GCS评分是影响颅脑外伤预后的独立因素。结论:颅脑外伤的预后与患者入院时出现双侧瞳孔放大、休克、呼吸改变,合并颅内血肿、脑挫裂伤、肺部感染、高血钠症以及上消化道出血,入院时格拉斯哥昏迷评分(GCS),以及血糖水平等密切相关,针对影响预后的因素制定相应预防措施,可有效提高患者的生存率和生存质量。%Objective:To explore affective related factors of traumatic brain injury. Methods:Retrospective analysis of 112 cases of traumatic brain injury patients, analyze the correlation of the patient's admission of clinical symptoms, merger complications and laboratory examination index with prognosis.Results:Single factor analysis show that live group happen respiratory changes, shock, double side mydriasis, cerebral contusion , intracranial hematoma, pulmonary infection, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, concurrent high natremia, admission blood glucose level, admission GCS score group compared with death, a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Multiariate analysis show that bilateral mydriasis, pulmonary infection, concurrent high natremia, admission GCS score are the independent factors that affect the prognosis of traumatic brain injury.Conclusion:The prognosis of traumatic brain injury with admission

  1. The study about the related factors impacting the prognosis of schizophrenia%精神分裂症患者回归社会的影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周田田; 于慧; 王金东; 崔维珍

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨首发精神分裂症患者回归社会的影响因素。方法收集2006~2010年首次住院的精神分裂症患者111例,采用自制一般情况调查表、社会功能缺陷量表(SDSS)及大体评定量表(GAS),对其进行随访评估。结果经多因素回归分析,影响首发精神分裂症患者回归社会的主要因素有5个:发病年龄、起病形式、首次住院疗效、维持服药时间和家庭社会支持程度(P<0.05)。结论发病年龄晚,急性起病,首次住院疗效好,坚持长期治疗,有充分的家庭社会支持有利于患者回归社会。%Objective To study the related factors impacting the prognosis of schizophrenia.Methods 111 patients with schizophrenia who were in hospitalization from 2006 to 2010 were followed up.The subjects were evaluated with a self-compiled questionnaire,the Global Assessment Scale(GAS), and Social Disability Screening Schedule(SDSS).Results Multiple regression analysis showed that the related factors to prognosis of schizophrenia were onset age,pattern of onset,efficacy of first hospitalization,therapy time and degree of society support(P< 0.05).Conclusion The old onset age,acute onset,better therapeutic effect in the first hospitalization,long-term therapy compliance and enough family support are associated with better prognosis.

  2. Reacções cutâneas adversas aos inibidores do receptor do factor de crescimento epidérmico: estudo de 14 doentes Adverse cutaneous reactions to epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors: a study of 14 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felicidade Santiago

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: O cetuximab e o erlotinib, inibidores do receptor do factor de crescimento epidérmico, provocam frequentemente reacções cutâneas adversas peculiares. OBJETIVOS: Caracterizar do ponto de vista clínico-evolutivo as reacções cutâneas adversas e avaliar a sua abordagem terapêutica. METODOLOGIA: Entre março/2005 e setembro/2009 foram seguidos 14 doentes com idade média de 59,6 anos, em tratamento com cetuximab (7 ou erlotinib (7, por neoplasia pulmonar (10 ou colorrectal (4. Retrospectivamente foi avaliado o padrão clínico evolutivo de reacção cutânea, o intervalo entre a introdução do fármaco e o início dos sintomas e a resposta ao tratamento. RESULTADOS: Doze doentes apresentaram erupção papulopustulosa predominantemente na face, decote e dorso, em média 13,5 dias após o início do fármaco. Efectuaram tratamento oral com minociclina ou doxiciclina e tópico com metronidazol, peróxido de benzoílo e/ou corticoide. Ocorreu melhoria das lesões em todos os doentes. Cinco doentes, em média oito semanas após o início da terapia, apresentaram granulomas piogénicos periungueais, em quatro casos associados a paroníquia, melhorados com tratamento tópico (antibióticos, corticoides e antissépticos. Observou-se xerose em alguns doentes e, de forma isolada, outros efeitos adversos, como telangiectasias e angiomas, alterações dos cabelos e cílios e nevos melanocíticos eruptivos. Na maioria dos doentes, a terapêutica com o inibidor do receptor do factor de crescimento epidérmico foi mantida. CONCLUSÃO: Com o crescente uso destas terapêuticas-alvo, torna-se obrigatório reconhecer e tratar os seus efeitos cutâneos adversos, assegurando uma intervenção atempada de forma a permitir a manutenção desta terapêuticaBACKGROUND: Cetuximab and erlotinib, epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors, often cause peculiar adverse cutaneous reactions. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to evaluate adverse cutaneous reactions

  3. Adverse Effects of Bisphosphonates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abrahamsen, Bo

    2010-01-01

    tolerated by the majority of patients, but serious adverse events have been recorded in some cases. Only the most common of adverse effects are robustly observable in clinical trials. In general, studies were not powered to detect effects that were lower in incidence than fractures. This review of adverse...

  4. Adverse effects of bisphosphonates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abrahamsen, Bo

    2010-01-01

    tolerated by the majority of patients, but serious adverse events have been recorded in some cases. Only the most common of adverse effects are robustly observable in clinical trials. In general, studies were not powered to detect effects that were lower in incidence than fractures. This review of adverse...

  5. Ability to cope with adversity and influencing factors in associate degree nursing students%护理大专生应对逆境的能力及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田茜; 范秀珍; 孟珠; 吕菲

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解在校护理大专生应对逆境的能力,并探讨其影响因素,为护理教育者提高学生逆境应对能力提供依据.方法 采用逆境商量表(ARP)、一般自我效能量表(GSES)及自行设计的一般资料问卷,对285名在校护理大专生进行调查,并分析其影响因素.结果:本组学生逆境商总分为(128.62±15.78)分;自我效能、是否曾担任班干部及是否为独生于女,对学生逆境商有显著影响(P<0.01,P<0.05),它们能解释42.4%的逆境商变异量,其中以自我效能的预测力最大,其解释量为39.1%,结论,在校护理大专生应对逆境的能力有待进一步提高,护理教育者可针对其主要影响因素采取有效的个体化策略,以提高其逆境应对能力.%Objective To investigate the associate degree nursing students' ability to cope with adversity and analyze its influencing factors,so as to provide evidence for nursing educators to take specific measures to improve the students' ability to cope with adversity. Methods A total of 285 associate degree nursing students were investigated with Adversity Response Profile(ARP),General Self-Efficacy Scale(GSES) and self-designed general information questionnaire. Results The total score of adversity quotient in associate degree nursing students was 128.62±15.78. The students' self-efficacy,whether they had been class leaders and whether they were only children had significant influence on their adversity quotient,which could explain 42.4 percent of variations of the adversity quotient. Self-efficacy was the best predictive variable which could explain 39.1 percent of variations of the adversity quotient Conclusion Associate degree nursing students' abilities to cope with adversity need to be improved. Nursing educators should take effective and personalized strategies to improve their ability to cope with adversity according to the influencing factors.

  6. A case-control study on influence factors of adverse pregnancy outcome%不良妊娠结局影响因素的病例对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欣; 张亚玮; 冯永亮; 岳福娟; 赵楠; 杨海澜; 王素萍

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨不良妊娠结局发生的影响因素,为不良妊娠结局综合防治提供参考依据.方法:采用1:2匹配病例对照研究方法,分析不良妊娠结局发生的影响因素.结果:单因素条件Logistic回归分析结果显示:不良妊娠结局组与无不良妊娠结局组的孕妇文化程度、全家人均月收入、孕前健康教育、月经是否规则、此次妊娠患有妊娠期高血压疾病等差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);多因素条件Logistic回归分析结果表明:孕妇文化程度、此次妊娠患有妊娠期高血压疾病、参加体育活动、妊娠次数被引入回归方程.结论:孕妇文化程度高、参加体育活动、妊娠次数少为不良妊娠结局发生的保护因素,而患有妊娠期高血压疾病为不良妊娠结局发生的危险因素.%Objective:To explore the influence factors of adverse pregnancy outcome,and provide the scientific evidence for comprehensive prevention of adverse pregnancy outcome.Methods:A 1∶ 2 matched case-control study was conducted to explore the influence factors of adverse pregnancy outcome.Results:Univariate conditional logistic regression analysis showed that the significant factors included maternal education level,family per capita monthly income,pre-pregnancy health education,menstrual history,hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy between adverse pregnancy outcome group and no adverse pregnancy outcome group.Multivariate conditional logistic regression analysis showed:maternal educational level (OR =0.541),hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy (OR =10.966),sports activities (OR =0.322) and numbers of pregnancy (OR =0.565) went into regression equation.Conclusion:The protective factors of adverse pregnancy outcome include high education level,participating in sports activities,and reduction of numbers of pregnancy.Hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy is the risk factor of adverse pregnancy outcome.

  7. 小儿心肺复苏的临床特点及预后的影响因素%Clinical characteristics and the influence factors of prognosis of pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昕

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and the influence factors of prognosis of pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation.Methods:46 patients with pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation treatment were selected from May 2010 to May 2014.18 cases used cardiopulmonary resuscitation because of cardiac arrest;28 cases used cardiopulmonary resuscitation because of respiratory arrest.The clinical characteristics and prognosis of pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation were detailedly analyzed. Results:The cardiopulmonary resuscitation rate 42.9% of respiratory arrest children was higher than the cardiopulmonary resuscitation rate 16.7% of cardiac arrest children,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).The children common diseases caused pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation were accidental injuries,infectious diseases and cardiovascular diseases and so on.Conclusion:More attention should be paid to the causes and clinical characteristics of pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation.Popularization of pediatric first-aid knowledge and doing a good job in the publicity and education work can effectively improve the rescue success rate of pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation and improve prognosis.%目的:分析小儿心肺复苏的临床特点及预后的影响因素。方法:2010年5月-2014年5月收治小儿心肺复苏治疗患者46例,其中因心跳停止采用心肺复苏18例,因呼吸停止采用心肺复苏28例,详细分析小儿心肺复苏的临床特点和预后。结果:呼吸停止患儿的心肺复苏率42.9%高于心跳停止患儿的心肺复苏率16.7%,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);引起小儿心肺复苏的患儿常见疾病有意外伤害、感染性疾病以及心血管疾病等。结论:应更加重视引起小儿心肺复苏的原因和临床特点,普及儿科急救的相关知识,做好宣传教育工作,有效提高小儿心肺复苏抢救成功率,改善预后。

  8. 青岛地区小细胞肺癌围化/放疗期预后因素分析%Analysis the prognosis factors of small cell lung cancer during peri-chemotherapy/radiotherapy in ;Qingdao city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈霞; 徐德祥; 刘凤娟; 张春玲

    2014-01-01

    overall survival.Elevated or unchanged serum tumor markers and depression reduced 2 years progression-free survival rate.Conclusions For the patients who are unable to surgery, ZPS score less than 2 and serum albumin >35.0 g/L are protective factors of prognosis, elevated serum tumor markers and depression were risk factors of prognosis.

  9. Characterization and prognosis factors of cerebro-vascular disease in Cienfuegos province. Caracterización y factores pronósticos de la enfermedad cerebrovascular en la Provincia de Cienfuegos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Suárez Suri

    Full Text Available Fundaments: Cerebrovascular disease constitutes the third cause of death and the first cause of severe discapacity in adults in those countries that have a developed health system like ours. Objective: To characterise the patients with cerebrovascular disease and to determine the variables that influence upon their prognosis once it is established. Method: Prospective, descriptive, longitudinal study of a series of cases developed at the University Hospital ¨Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima¨. Questionnaires were applied to the patients that fitted the inclusion criteria (n 1318 Results: The mean age was 66,08 years with a predominance of white patients ( 75,26 %, mainly males ( 56,67%. The risk factor of highest frequency was hypertension ( 43,24 % The evolution for alive patients without discapacities was 14,71%, alive with discapacities ( 57,96% and death 27,31%. There was a predominance of ischemic cerebrovascular disease (46,13 % of aterothrombotic infarcts and 14,94 % cardioembolic disease. In regards to hemorrhagic disease 13,42 % were intracerebral hemorrhage and 4,55% subarachnoid hemorrhage. There was a prognostic correlation between the clinical variables: consciousness, sight, sensibility, language, tone, Babinski , osteotendious reflexes and muscular force. For the general variables cerebral edema, bacterial bronchopneumonia , displacement of the medial line, diagnosis is some values, CT scan diagnoses in some values for diabetes mellitus and convulsions.

    Fundamento: Las enfermedades cerebrovasculares constituyen la tercera causa de muerte y la primera de discapacidad grave del adulto en los países con sistemas de salud desarrollados similares al nuestro. Objetivo : Caracterizar a los pacientes con enfermedades cerebrovasculares y determinar las variables que influyen en su pron

  10. Acute histologic chorioamnionitis is a risk factor for adverse neonatal outcome in late preterm birth after preterm premature rupture of membranes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seung Mi Lee

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine whether acute histologic chorioamnionitis is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes in late preterm infants who were born after preterm PROM. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The relationship between the presence of acute histologic chorioamnionitis and adverse neonatal outcome was examined in patients with preterm PROM who delivered singleton preterm newborns between 34 weeks and 36 6/7 weeks of gestation. Nonparametric statistics were used for data analysis. The frequency of acute histologic chorioamnionitis was 24% in patients with preterm PROM who delivered preterm newborns between 34 weeks and 36 6/7 weeks of gestation. Newborns born to mothers with histologic chorioamnionitis had significantly higher rates of adverse neonatal outcome (74% vs 51%; p<0.005 than those without histologic chorioamnionitis. This relationship remained significant after adjustment for gestational age at preterm PROM, gestational age at delivery, and exposure to antenatal corticosteroids. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The presence of acute histologic chorioamnionitis is associated with adverse neonatal outcome in late preterm infants born to mothers with preterm PROM.

  11. An evaluation of factors predicting breast recurrence and prognosis after recurrence, on distinguishing intramammary and extramammary recurrence, in breast-conserving surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recurrence of cancer in the breast is an important problem in breast-conserving therapy. We evaluated risk factors for recurrence from the viewpoint of recurrence type and outcome after recurrence. Of 533 cases of breast cancer treated with breast-conserving surgery from April 1989 through July 2000, disease in 66 recurred (12.4%) and were classified as 23 cases of breast recurrence only, 16 cases of both breast recurrence and distant metastasis, and 27 cases of distant metastasis only. The clinical factors examined included age, lymphatic invasion, nodal status, extensive intraductal component (EIC), proliferative activity, and estrogen receptor (ER) status. Of the 39 cases of breast recurrence, 19 had intramammary tumors and 20 had extramammary tumors of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, or muscle, including 8 cases with inflammatory breast recurrence. Multivariate analysis showed that factors correlated with breast recurrence were age, ER status, proliferative activity, and surgical margin. EIC-comedo was related to intramammary recurrence, whereas lymphatic invasion and nodal status were related to extramammary recurrence. Postoperative irradiation was an effective treatment for tumors in young women and tumors with positive margins or a comedo component. Outcome after breast recurrence depended on nodal status at primary operation, and survival rates were worst in patients with inflammatory breast recurrence. In conclusion, age, EIC-comedo status, the surgical margin, and negative ER status were correlated with breast recurrence. Countermeasures against these factors should be investigated. (author)

  12. Factors on prognosis in patients of stage pT3N0M0 thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after two-field esophagectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuxiang Wang

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: For patients of pT3N0M0 thoracic ESCC, the independent factors were the site of a lesion for OS and PFS, Hb levels, small LN in CT, and number of removed LN for OS. The value of postoperative adjuvant therapy need be further proved.

  13. An evaluation of factors predicting breast recurrence and prognosis after recurrence, on distinguishing intramammary and extramammary recurrence, in breast-conserving surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishimura, Reiki; Nagao, Kazuharu; Miyayama, Haruhiko [Kumamoto City Hospital (Japan)] (and others)

    2001-06-01

    Recurrence of cancer in the breast is an important problem in breast-conserving therapy. We evaluated risk factors for recurrence from the viewpoint of recurrence type and outcome after recurrence. Of 533 cases of breast cancer treated with breast-conserving surgery from April 1989 through July 2000, disease in 66 recurred (12.4%) and were classified as 23 cases of breast recurrence only, 16 cases of both breast recurrence and distant metastasis, and 27 cases of distant metastasis only. The clinical factors examined included age, lymphatic invasion, nodal status, extensive intraductal component (EIC), proliferative activity, and estrogen receptor (ER) status. Of the 39 cases of breast recurrence, 19 had intramammary tumors and 20 had extramammary tumors of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, or muscle, including 8 cases with inflammatory breast recurrence. Multivariate analysis showed that factors correlated with breast recurrence were age, ER status, proliferative activity, and surgical margin. EIC-comedo was related to intramammary recurrence, whereas lymphatic invasion and nodal status were related to extramammary recurrence. Postoperative irradiation was an effective treatment for tumors in young women and tumors with positive margins or a comedo component. Outcome after breast recurrence depended on nodal status at primary operation, and survival rates were worst in patients with inflammatory breast recurrence. In conclusion, age, EIC-comedo status, the surgical margin, and negative ER status were correlated with breast recurrence. Countermeasures against these factors should be investigated. (author)

  14. Homeobox transcription factor muscle segment homeobox 2 (Msx2) correlates with good prognosis in breast cancer patients and induces apoptosis in vitro.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Lanigan, Fiona

    2010-01-01

    The homeobox-containing transcription factor muscle segment homeobox 2 (Msx2) plays an important role in mammary gland development. However, the clinical implications of Msx2 expression in breast cancer are unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate the potential clinical value of Msx2 as a breast cancer biomarker and to clarify its functional role in vitro.

  15. Absence of transforming growth factor-beta type II receptor is associated with poorer prognosis in HER2-negative breast tumours

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paiva, C E; Drigo, S A; Rosa, F E;

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-signalling pathway in breast carcinomas (BCs) remained elusive. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of TGF-beta1 and transforming growth factor-beta type II receptor (TGF-betaRII) expression levels...... in tumour cells and their association with the established biomarkers in BC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 324 BC from patients with long-term follow-up, the TGF-beta1 and TGF-betaRII transcript and protein expression levels were assessed. RESULTS: TGF-beta1 and TGF-betaRII down-expression was significantly...... associated with BC. Negative TGF-beta1 and TGF-betaRII protein status was associated with the development of distant metastasis (P = 0.003 and P = 0.029, respectively). In multivariate analysis, TGF-beta1-positive tumours were associated with increased disease-free survival (DFS) [hazard ratio (HR) = 0...

  16. TFIIB-Related Factor 2 Is Associated with Poor Prognosis of Nonsmall Cell Lung Cancer Patients through Promoting Tumor Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition

    OpenAIRE

    Yu Tian; Ming Lu; Weiming Yue; Lin Li; Shuhai Li; Cun Gao; Libo Si; Lei Qi; Wensi Hu; Hui Tian

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we found that increased BRF2 protein expression was prevalent in NSCLC. Overexpression of BRF2 correlated with abnormal expression of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and snail. Additionally, expression of BRF2 was found to be an independent prognostic factor in NSCLC patients. Furthermore, we showed that targeted knockdown of BRF2 expression could inhibit the migratory and invasive abilities of NSCLC cells and induced loss of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of NSCLC cells. These ...

  17. Confirmation and types division of regional prognosis factors of uranium resources based on GIS-taking Shuangqiao-Xinlu area as an example

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the analysis of uranium metallogenic settings of Shuangqiao-Xinyu area,the prognostic factors are classified into 3 classes of necessary, important and secondary according to its 'contribution' to the metallization in known deposits. This made the driving data needed for the potential evaluation based on GIS clear in role levels and will improve the efficiency and quality for the evaluation. (authors)

  18. Long-term prognosis of diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction in the era of acute revascularization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiga Tsuyoshi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The long-term prognosis of diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI treated by acute revascularization is uncertain, and the optimal pharmacotherapy for such cases has not been fully evaluated. Methods To elucidate the long-term prognosis and prognostic factors in diabetic patients with AMI, a prospective, cohort study involving 3021 consecutive AMI patients was conducted. All patients discharged alive from hospital were followed to monitor their prognosis every year. The primary endpoint of the study was all-cause mortality, and the secondary endpoint was the occurrence of major cardiovascular events. To elucidate the effect of various factors on the long-term prognosis of AMI patients with diabetes, the patients were divided into two groups matched by propensity scores and analyzed retrospectively. Results Diabetes was diagnosed in 1102 patients (36.5%. During the index hospitalization, coronary angioplasty and coronary thrombolysis were performed in 58.1% and 16.3% of patients, respectively. In-hospital mortality of diabetic patients with AMI was comparable to that of non-diabetic AMI patients (9.2% and 9.3%, respectively. In total, 2736 patients (90.6% were discharged alive and followed for a median of 4.2 years (follow-up rate, 96.0%. The long-term survival rate was worse in the diabetic group than in the non-diabetic group, but not significantly different (hazard ratio, 1.20 [0.97-1.49], p = 0.09. On the other hand, AMI patients with diabetes showed a significantly higher incidence of cardiovascular events than the non-diabetic group (1.40 [1.20-1.64], p Conclusions Although diabetic patients with AMI have more frequent adverse events than non-diabetic patients with AMI, the present results suggest that acute revascularization and standard therapy with aspirin and RAS inhibitors may improve their prognosis.

  19. Insulin-Like Growth Factor II mRNA-Binding Protein 3 Expression Correlates with Poor Prognosis in Acral Lentiginous Melanoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Shuan Sheen

    Full Text Available Insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein 3 (IMP-3 is an RNA-binding protein expressed in multiple cancers, including melanomas. However, the expression of IMP-3 has not been investigated in acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM. This study sought to elucidate its prognostic value in ALMs. IMP-3 expression was studied in 93 patients diagnosed with ALM via immunohistochemistry. Univariate and multivariate analyses for survival were performed, according to clinical and histologic parameters, using the Cox proportional hazard model. Survival curves were graphed using the Kaplan-Meier method. IMP-3 was over-expressed in 70 out of 93 tumors (75.3%. IMP-3 expression correlated with thick and high-stage tumor and predicted poorer overall, melanoma-specific, recurrence-free and distant metastasis-free survivals (P = 0.002, 0.006, 0.008 and 0.012, respectively. Further analysis showed that patients with tumor thickness ≤ 4.0 mm and positive IMP-3 expression had a significantly worse melanoma-specific survival than those without IMP-3 expression (P = 0.048. IMP-3 (hazard ratio 3.67, 95% confidence intervals 1.35-9.97, P = 0.011 was confirmed to be an independent prognostic factor for melanoma-specific survival in multivariate survival analysis. Positive IMP-3 expression was an important prognostic factor for ALMs.

  20. High risk factors of occurrence and prognosis of infantile persistent diarrhea disease%婴幼儿迁延性腹泻病发病及预后的高危因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石永生; 王永军; 蒋成鹏; 周丽

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To explore the high risk effect factors of occurrence and prognosis of infantile persistent diarrhea disease. Methods: 76 infants according with diagnostic criteria who were in the hospital from January 2007 to December 2009 were selected,60 infants with acute diarrhea at the same period were selected as control group; conditional lngistic regression analysis was used to screen the high risk effect factors of occurrence of infantile persistent diarrhea disease. Results: The high risk effect factors of occurrence of infantile persistent diarrhea disease included malnutrition ( OR = 6. 073 ), anemia ( OR = 2. 505 ), infants less than one year ( OR = 2. 125 ), antibiotic consumption ( OR = 1. 091 ), non - breast feeding ( OR =0. 329); the high risk effect factors of prognosis of infantile persistent diarrhea disease included malnutrition ( 0R = 7. 286), abnormal humoral immunity ( OR = 6. 873), extraintestinal infection ( OR = O. 276), course of the disease ( OR = 0. 062 ) . Conclusion: For the infants less than one year, preventing and correcting malnutrition, using antibiotics reasonably, advocating breast feeding actively may reduce the incidence of infantile persistent diarrhea disease; for the infants with acute diarrhea, enhancing nursing, preventing secondary infection during the course of the disease, correcting abnormal humoral immunity may improve the prognosis obviously.%目的:探讨影响婴幼儿迁延性腹泻病发病及预后的高危因素.方法:选取2007年1月~2009年12月收住儿内科符合诊断标准的病例76例,以同期急性腹泻病患儿60例作对照,经条件Logistic回归分析筛选影响其发病的危险因素.结果:影响其发病的危险因素有5个,即营养不良(OR=6.073)、贫血(OR=2.505)、1岁以下婴儿(OR=2.125)、使用抗生素(OR=1.091)、非母乳喂养(OR=0.329).影响其预后的危险因素有4个,即营养不良(OR=7.286)、体液免疫异常(OR=6.873)、肠外感染(OR=0.276)、病程(OR=0

  1. 脑积水分流术后感染因素与预后相关性分析%The correlation analysis of hydrocephalus shunt postoperative infection factors and prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋志伟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze the hydrocephalus shunt postoperative infection factors and prognosis.Methods The clinical data of 403 patients with hydrocephalus shunts,including 64 cases of postoperative infection,were retrospectively analyzed.And the sex ratio,age level,differences in etiology and infection,and their relationship with prognosis were analyzed by logistic regression.Results There were 64 infection cases (15.9%),including 47 cases of meningitis (73.5%),10 cases of peritonitis (15.6 %),and 7 cases of postoperative infection (10.9%).The results of single factor Logistic regression analysis showed that gender,idio-hydrocephaly,apoplexy were not significantly correlated with hydrocephalus shunt postoperative infection(P >0.05),while age,congenital hydrocephalus,intracranial neoplasms,infection time were correlated with hydrocephalus shunt postoperative infection (P < 0.05).Age was negatively correlated with GOS (r =-0.478,P < 0.05).Conclusion Age,hydrocephalus etiology and infection time were the risk factors for infection.Age is a factor affect the prognosis.%目的 分析脑积水分流术后感染的相关因素及预后.方法 回顾性分析403例脑积水分流术后患者的临床资料,其中术后感染64例,并对性别比例、年龄层次、病因学及感染时期的差异与预后的关系进行Logistic回归分析.结果 403例接受脑积水分流术患者中有64例发生感染(15.9%),其中脑膜炎47例(73.5%)、腹膜炎10例(15.6%)、切口感染7例(10.9%).单因素Logistic回归分析结果显示,性别、特发性脑积水、脑出血等与脑积水分流术后感染无明显关联(均P>0.05);而年龄、先天性脑积水、颅内肿瘤、感染时间等则为脑积水分流术后感染发生的相关因素(均P <0.05).相关分析表明年龄与GOS呈负相关(r=-0.478,P<0.05).结论 年龄、脑积水病因及术后感染时间等是感染的危险因素;患者年龄越小,预后越好.

  2. 56例老年弥漫大B淋巴瘤预后相关因素的研究%Research on relevant factors of prognosis of 56 elderly patients with DL-BCL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨朋; 李艳; 蔡存伟; 邹志英

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨老年弥漫大B细胞淋巴瘤(DLBCL)的预后相关因素。方法回顾性分析2007年8月~2012年7月沈阳市第四人民医院收治的56例老年DLBCL患者的年龄、Ann-Arbor分期、B症状、体能状态ECOG评分、骨髓浸润、最大肿块直径、乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)、β2-微球蛋白(β2-MG)、国际预后评分指数(IPI)、细胞来源、Ki-67指数、治疗方案等临床资料,研究上述指标与预后的相关性。结果56例患者中位生存时间为25.2个月,2年总生存(OS)率为49.7%,总完全缓解(CR)率为50.0%;CHOP方案组CR 13例(40.6%),利妥昔单抗(Rituximab)联合CHOP(R-CHOP)方案组CR 15例(62.5%),R-CHOP组的总有效率及CR率均优于CHOP组(均P<0.05)。单因素分析显示:年龄≥80岁、Ann Arbor分期、骨髓受累、ECOG评分、最大肿块直径≥10 cm、IPI、治疗前LDH值、免疫分型、治疗方案均与预后有关(P<0.05或P<0.01);COX回归多因素分析表明,IPI、骨髓浸润、免疫分型、化疗方案是影响老年DLBCL患者预后的独立危险因素(P<0.05或P<0.01)。结论老年DLBCL具有肿瘤分期晚、合并疾病多、疗效差、生存期短等特点;IPI、骨髓浸润、免疫分型、化疗方案是老年DLBCL预后的独立危险因素;R-CHOP方案能提高疗效及改善预后。%Objective To study the prognostic factors of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Methods Clinical data of 56 cases of DLBCL patients admitted by the Fourth People's Hospital of Shenyang City from August 2007 to July 2012 were retrospectively analyzed, including the age, Ann-Arbor staging, B symptoms, ECOG score of performance status, bone marrow invasion, the maximum diameter of tumor, LDH,β2-MG, IPI, cell source, Ki-67 index, therapeutic regimen. The correlation between these indexes and prognosis was analyzed. Results For the 56 patients, the median survival time was 25.2 months, and the overall survival (OS) rate was 49.7% in

  3. 卵巢未成熟畸胎瘤的治疗与预后因素的分析%Analysis of factor influencing prognosis for immature teratoma of ovary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彦娜; 李孟达; 刘富元; 张惠忠

    2001-01-01

    transformation compared to those with immature teratomas (P<0.05). The occurrence of benign change in recurent tumors led to the patient having long remissions (P<0.05). Conclusions:The immediate postoperative chemotherapy (within 7 days) is the important factor influencing the prognosis of immature teratomas. The immature teratomas that have neural elements in the tumors have a better prognosis. Mature teratomas have the characteristics of malignant transformation and the recurrent immature teratomas have the those of benign change. So immediate chemotherapy must be emphasized for immature teratomas and everything should be done to maintain life in these patients to wait for the onset of benign transformation.

  4. Are the prostate cancers with intermediary risk treated by conformal irradiation or by permanent implants worth to be divided in function of the prognosis factors number fro a better adapted treatment?; Les cancers de la prostate de risque intermediaire traites par irradiation conformationnelle ou par implants permanents meritent-ils d'etre subdivises en fonction du nombre de facteurs pronostiques pour un traitement plus adapte?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salema, N. [Institut Paoli Calmettes, 13 - Marseille (France)

    2009-10-15

    Purpose: the treatment of prostate cancers of intermediary risk stands on either an association of a conformal radiotherapy with short hormonotherapy or the complete prostatectomy. In some cases the brachytherapy was proposed. The number of present prognosis factors is not generally a factor directing the therapy decision. We were interested in this population of patients by analysing their prognosis factors and the influence of their number on the survival. Conclusion: the number of prognosis factors seems to have a prognosis valuer in our population. If these data are confirmed by other series, it will be perhaps necessary to adapt the management of prostate cancers of intermediary risk in the future prospective studies. (N.C.)

  5. A reappraisal of ICU and long-term outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients and reassessment of prognosis factors: results of a 5-year cohort study (2009-2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platon, L; Amigues, L; Ceballos, P; Fegueux, N; Daubin, D; Besnard, N; Larcher, R; Landreau, L; Agostini, C; Machado, S; Jonquet, O; Klouche, K

    2016-02-01

    Epidemiology and prognosis of complications related to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients requiring admission to intensive care unit (ICU) have not been reassessed precisely in the past few years. We performed a retrospective single-center study on 318 consecutive HSCT patients (2009-2013), analyzing outcome and factors prognostic of ICU admission. Among these patients, 73 were admitted to the ICU. In all, 32 patients (40.3%) died in ICU, 46 at hospital discharge (63%) and 61 (83.6%) 1 year later. Survivors had a significantly lower sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, serum lactate and bilirubin upon ICU admission. Catecholamine support, mechanical ventilation (MV) and/or renal replacement therapy during ICU stay, a delayed organ support and an active graft versus host disease (GvHD) significantly worsen the outcome. By multivariate analysis, the worsening of SOFA score from days 1 to 3, the need for MV and the occurrence of an active GvHD were predictive of mortality. In conclusion, the incidence of HSCT-related complications requiring an admission to an ICU was at 22%, with an ICU mortality rate of 44%, and 84% 1 year later. A degradation of SOFA score at day 3 of ICU, need of MV and occurrence of an active GvHD are main predictive factors of mortality. PMID:26569092

  6. Expression of connective tissue growth factor in tumor tissues is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in patients with gastric cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu-Ying Liu; Yan-Chun Han; Shu-Hua Wu; Zeng-Hua Lv

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To examine the expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), also known as CCN2, in gastric carcinoma (GC), and the correlation between the expression of CTGF, dinicopathologic features and clinical outcomes of patients with GC.METHODS: One hundred and twenty-two GC patients were included in the present study. All patients were followed up for at least 5 years. Proteins of CTGF were detected using the Powervision two-step immunostaining method.RESULTS: Of the specimens from 122 GC patients analyzed for CTGF expression, 58 (58/122, 47.5%) had a high CTGF expression in cytoplasm of gastric carcinoma cells and 64 (64/122, 52.5%) had a low CTGF expression. Patients with a high CTGF expression showed a higher incidence of lymph node metastasis than those with a low CTGF expression {P = 0.032). Patients with a high CTGF expression had significantly lower 5-year survival rate than those with a low CTGF expression (27.6% vs 46.9%, P = 0.0178), especially those staging I + H + m (35.7% vs 65.2%, P = 0.0027).CONCLUSION: GC patients with an elevated CTGF expression have more lymph node metastases and a shorter survival time. CTGF seems to be an independent prognostic factor for the successful differentiation of high-risk GC patients staging I + n + m. Over-expression of CTGF in human GC cells results in an increased aggressive ability.

  7. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Contact Dictionary Search About Cancer Causes and Prevention Risk Factors Genetics Cancer Prevention Overview Cancer Prevention Overview–for ... Cancer What Is Cancer Cancer Statistics Causes & Prevention Risk Factors Genetics Cancer Prevention Overview Screening Cancer Screening Overview ...

  8. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Contact Dictionary Search About Cancer Causes and Prevention Risk Factors Genetics Cancer Prevention Overview Cancer Prevention Overview– ... Is Cancer Cancer Statistics Cancer Disparities Causes & Prevention Risk Factors Genetics Cancer Prevention Overview Screening Cancer Screening ...

  9. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Search About Cancer Causes and Prevention Risk Factors Genetics Cancer Prevention Overview Cancer Prevention Overview–for health ... Is Cancer Cancer Statistics Causes & Prevention Risk Factors Genetics Cancer Prevention Overview Screening Cancer Screening Overview Screening ...

  10. Epidemiology Characteristics and Prognosis Risk Factors Analysis Research on Acute Pesticide Intoxication in One District%急性农药中毒流行特征及预后影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜育刚; 李清雅; 陈建南

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To analyze the epidemiology characteristics of acute pesticide intoxication, then make clear the risk factors of acute pesticide intoxication prognosis, and explore its regularity of the poisoning and the feasibility of controlling measures. METHODS 306 cases of acute pesticide intoxication were collected from January 2007 to December 2011 with self-design questionnaire, and each data of them were collected. RESULTS In 306 cases, 173 cases (56.5%) were poisoned by orgnaophosphorus, 49 cases (16.0%) by pyrethroid and 81 cases (26.5%) by parquet. The risk factors affecting the prognosis of acute pesticide intoxication included sex (OR = 3.930), poisoning extent (OR = 10.166) , poisonous types (OR = 5.854) , oxygen inhale (OR =0.211), respiratory system abnormality (OR =6.180), fever (OR = 7.182), pulse (OR =4.063), renal functions (OR = 4.670) and electrocardiography (OR - 2.272). CONCLUSION We have made clear the epidemiology characteristics, and analyzed the risk factors of prognosis. We raise prevention and remedy strategies of acute pesticide intoxication.%目的 分析急性农药中毒病例的流行特征,摸清影响预后的危险因素,探讨其发病规律及可行的防治策略.方法 通过回顾性收集2007年1月~2011年12月期间的306例急性农药中毒病例;采用自行设计的调查表,收集各个病例的各种资料.结果 306例患者中,有机磷中毒173例(56.5%)、拟除虫菊酯中毒49例(16.0%)、百草枯中毒81例(26.5%)、其他中毒3例(1.0%);影响预后的因素包括性别(OR=3.930)、中毒程度(OR=10.166)、毒物种类(OR=5.854)、氧气吸入(OR=0.211)、呼吸系统异常(OR=6.180)、发热(OR=7.182)、脉搏(OR=4.063)、肾功能(OR=4.670)、心电图检查(OR=2.272)等指标.结论 摸清了急性农药中毒的流行特征,分析了影响预后的危险因素,并提出了急性农药中毒的预防和救治策略.

  11. Investigation of the status and influencing factors of adversity quotient of undergraduate nursing students%本科护生逆境商现状及其影响因素的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴玉琴; 段功香; 申海艳; 陈银娟

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解本科护生逆境商的现状并探讨其影响因素.方法 采用逆境商量表及学习满意度量表对312名本科护生进行问卷调查.结果 护生逆境商和学习满意度总分分别为(127.54±15.01)分和(46.41±5.94)分,处于中等水平,且本科护生的逆境商与学习满意度呈正相关(P<0.01);教师素质与教学方法、教学过程、是否独生子女及是否担任班干部是影响本科护生逆境商的主要因素(P<0.01或P<0.05).结论 本科护生的逆境商水平有待提高,护理教育者可针对其主要影响因素采取有效的个性化措施,以提高本科护生应对逆境的能力.%Objective To investigate the status and influencing factors of adversity quotient of undergraduate nursing students. Methods A total of 312 nursing students were investigated with Adversity Response Profile and Learning Satisfaction Questionnaire. Results The total score of students' adversity quotient and Learning Satisfaction were( 127. 54 ± 15. 01 ) and (46.41 ±5. 94) respectively,and in a middle level. There was a positive statistically correlation between adversity quotient and learning satisfaction ( P < 0.01) . The influencing factors of adversity quotient were teachers'quality, teaching methods, teaching courses, from one -child family or not, class leaders or not (P <0.01 or P < 0.05). Conclusion The adversity quotient of undergraduate nursing students level need to be improved. Nursing educators should take targeted interventions and personalized measure to improve their ability to cope with adversity.

  12. Survey on Risk Factors for Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in Patients with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus%妊娠糖尿病患者相关不良妊娠结局危险因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王霞

    2015-01-01

    Objective To diagnoses the risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with gestational diabetes melitus.Methods 200 patients with gestational diabetes melitus in our hospital from May 2014 to May 2015 were selected , 100 cases were adverse pregnancy among them and another 100 cases were normal labor. Adverse pregnancy outcome risk factors were analysised. Results Adverse pregnancy risk factors including pregnant women over 35 years of age, low education, medication, unexpected pregnancy, etc. after analysis and discovery, among the factors, the greatest risk factor was the history of accidental pregnancy and the history of polution of the environment. Conclusion Influence factors of adverse pregnancy outcome of patients with gestational diabetes melitus were more, it should pay attention to the history of accidents and polution of the environment and the history of the contact population particularly,in order to ensure delivery safety.%目的 对妊娠糖尿病患者相关不良妊娠结局的危险因素进行调查分析.方法 选取我院在2014年5月~2015年5月接收的200例妊娠糖尿病患者,其中100例不良妊娠,另外100例正常分娩.对不良妊娠结局危险因素分析.结果 经过分析发现,不良妊娠危险因素包括:孕妇35岁以上、学历低、用药、意外妊娠等等,其中在多因素分析中,意外妊娠史和污染环境接触史为最大危险因素.结论 妊娠糖尿病患者不良妊娠结局影响因素比较多,尤其要注重意外妊娠史和有污染环境接触史的人群,确保分娩安全.

  13. Treatment of Serious Hypertensive Intracerebral Hemorrhage with CT-location Drill-crandum Smashing-draw and Analysis of Prognosis Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Panbing

    2000-01-01

    Objective: To study curative effect of CT-location drill-cranium smashing-draw and affective pregniosis factors for serious hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HIH). Methods :15 cases of serious HIH(group A)were treated with CT-location drill-cranium smashing-draw ,other 15 patients treated (group B)were treated with medicine only as controls. Results: The curative rate (20%) anis improvable rate (33.3%)in group A were higher than that of (6.7% and 26.7%)in group B (P<0. 001). The mortality rate (46.7%)in group A was lower than that of (66.6%)in group B significantly (P<0.001). Conclusions: The efffect of the therapy was satisfactory The higher or lower of the mortality rate was closely related to operative time 、 m-hemorrhage 、 location and range of the hemotoma

  14. Tumor-derived hepatocyte growth factor is associated with poor prognosis of patients with glioma and influences the chemosensitivity of glioma cell line to cisplatin in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo You-feng

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We examined the association of tumor-derived hepatocyte growth factor (HGF with the clinicopathological features of gliomas and investigated the effect of HGF inhibition on the biological behavior of tumor cells in vitro in order to determine whether HGF is a valuable prognostic predictor for glioma patients. Methods Seventy-six cases of glioma were collected. The tumor-derived HGF expression, cell proliferation index (PI and intratumoral microvessels were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Correlation between immunostaining and clinicopathological parameters, as well as the follow-up data of patients, was analyzed statistically. U87MG glioma cells were transfected with short interference (si-RNA for HGF, and the cell viability, migratory ability and chemosensitivity to cisplatin were evaluated in vitro. Results Both high HGF expression in tumor cells (59.2%, 45/76 and high PI were significantly associated with high-grade glioma and increased microvessels in tumors (P P = 0.004 and high-expression of HGF (P = 0.008 emerged as independent prognostic factors for the overall survival of glioma patients. The tumor-derived HGF mRNA and protein expressions were significantly decreased in vitro after transfection of HGF siRNA. HGF siRNA inhibited the cell growth and reduced cell migratory ability. Moreover, HGF siRNA transfection enhanced the chemosensitivity of U87MG glioma cells to cisplatin. Conclusion This study indicated that there was significant correlation among tumor cell-derived HGF, cell proliferation and microvessel proliferation in gliomas. HGF might influence tumor progression by modulating the cell growth, migration and chemoresistance to drugs. Increased expression of HGF may be a valuable predictor for prognostic evaluation of glioma patients.

  15. Hospital deaths and adverse events in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavão Ana Luiza B

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Adverse events are considered a major international problem related to the performance of health systems. Evaluating the occurrence of adverse events involves, as any other outcome measure, determining the extent to which the observed differences can be attributed to the patient's risk factors or to variations in the treatment process, and this in turn highlights the importance of measuring differences in the severity of the cases. The current study aims to evaluate the association between deaths and adverse events, adjusted according to patient risk factors. Methods The study is based on a random sample of 1103 patient charts from hospitalizations in the year 2003 in 3 teaching hospitals in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The methodology involved a retrospective review of patient charts in two stages - screening phase and evaluation phase. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the relationship between hospital deaths and adverse events. Results The overall mortality rate was 8.5%, while the rate related to the occurrence of an adverse event was 2.9% (32/1103 and that related to preventable adverse events was 2.3% (25/1103. Among the 94 deaths analyzed, 34% were related to cases involving adverse events, and 26.6% of deaths occurred in cases whose adverse events were considered preventable. The models tested showed good discriminatory capacity. The unadjusted odds ratio (OR 11.43 and the odds ratio adjusted for patient risk factors (OR 8.23 between death and preventable adverse event were high. Conclusions Despite discussions in the literature regarding the limitations of evaluating preventable adverse events based on peer review, the results presented here emphasize that adverse events are not only prevalent, but are associated with serious harm and even death. These results also highlight the importance of risk adjustment and multivariate models in the study of adverse events.

  16. 生活方式对胃癌根治术患者预后的多因素研究%Multivariate analysis of lifestyle factors on the prognosis of gastric cancer after radical resection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文琦; 黄水平

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨胃癌根治术后患者的饮食、生活行为方式及心理等多方面因素对患者预后的影响.方法 用回顾性随访方法,调查某市各大医院行胃癌根治性切除术的患者术后的饮食、生活行为方式及心理因素等.采用Kaplan-Meier法计算生存率,Log-Rank时序检验进行单因素分析,比例风险模型(Cox模型)进行多因素分析比较.结果 胃癌根治术患者1、3、5年生存率分别为80.6%、49.5%、35.5%;吸烟习惯、睡眠状况、体育锻炼、爱人对患者病情的了解程度4项因素成为根治术后胃癌患者独立的预后因素.结论 胃癌患者术后戒烟、良好的睡眠状况、规律的体育锻炼习惯及良好的社会支持状况可改善患者的预后,延长其生存时间.%OBJECTIVE To explore the factors that includes dietary, lifestyle and psychological habits related to the prognosis of gastric cancer after radical resection. METHODS 156 patients underwent radical excision were recruited from three large hospitals in a city. The patients' diet, lifestyle and psychological habits were followed from May 2010 to May 2010. Survival rate was calculated by using Kaplan-Meier method. Log-rank test and proportional-hazards regression model (Cox model) were used for univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS One-year, three-year and five-year survival rates were 80.6%, 49.5% and 35.5%, respectively. Smoking habits, sleep, psychological habits and support from the patients' spouse were the independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSION Quit smoking, good sleep, regular physical exercise, and social support of gastric cancer after radical resection can improve the prognosis and prolong survival time.

  17. 青年脑出血128例的病因、危险因素及预后分析%Analysis of the etiology,risk factors and prognosis of youth cerebral hemorrhage in 128 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐新良

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the etiology,risk factors and prognosis of youth cerebral hemorrhage.Methods:The clinical data of 128 patients with youth cerebral hemorrhage were retrospectively analyzed.Results:99 cases(77.34% ) had definite etiology, including 43 cases(33.59% ) of hypertension,36 cases(28.13% ) of arteriovenous malformation,12 cases(9.38% ) of internal medicine diseases,6 cases(4.69%) of hematological system diseases,2 cases(1.56%) of pregnancy status.29 cases(22.67%) were unknown cause.The main risk factors were smoking,drinking.32 cases(25% ) were cured,50 cases(39.06% ) were improved,22 cases(17.19%) were unrecovered,24 cases(18.75%) were death.Conclusion:Hypertension,cerebral vascular malformation are the main causes of youth cerebral hemorrhage,its clinical symptoms are heavier,most patients have good prognosis.%目的:探讨青年脑出血的病因、危险因素及预后。方法:对128例青年脑出血患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析。结果:有明确病因99例(77.34%),其中高血压43例(33.59%),动静脉畸形36例(28.13%),内科疾病12例(9.38%),血液系统疾病6例(4.69%),妊娠状态2例(1.56%);原因不明29例(22.67%)。主要危险因素有吸烟、饮酒。痊愈32例(25%),好转50例(39.06%),未愈22例(17.19%),死亡24例(18.75%)。结论:高血压病、脑血管畸形是青年脑出血的主要病因,临床症状表现较重,大多数患者预后良好。

  18. 中国颅脑创伤数据库:短期预后因素分析%Chinese Head Trauma Data Bank: factors of short-term prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠纪元; 龚如; 梁玉敏; 高国一; 包映晖; 江基尧

    2014-01-01

    Objective To set up Chinese Head Trauma Data Bank and analyze the factors which may be related to the prognosis of patient with acute head trauma.Methods 11 937 cases with acute head trauma were enrolled Chinese Head Trauma Data Bank from 47 hospitals from December 2008 to December 2012,and all causes including gender,age,causes of trauma,GCS,ICP and cerebral herniation were analyzed to prognosis of patients.Results All factors were significantly related to the mortality and morbidity of patients except the gender.Conclusions Chinese Head Trauma Data Bank is established and offers the evidence of current status of head trauma in China,which provides the evidence for improving the outcome of patients with head trauma.%目的 建立我国颅脑创伤资料库,并分析影响急性颅脑创伤患者预后的相关因素.方法 2008年12月至2012年12月47家医院11 937例急性颅脑创伤患者资料,分析患者的性别、年龄、致伤原因、GCS评分、ICP和脑疝对患者病死率及不良预后率(死亡、植物生存、重残)的影响.结果 除男性与女性病死率无明显统计学差异外,患者年龄、致伤原因、GCS评分和颅内压值与病死率和预后不良率均有明显统计学差异.结论 我国颅脑创伤资料库的建立为客观了解我国颅脑创伤治疗现状、提高我国颅脑创伤救治水平提供了客观依据.

  19. Analysis on the influential factors for prognosis of 81 patients with infective endocarditis%感染性心内膜炎81例预后影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞燕波; 邢云利; 梁金锐

    2016-01-01

    Objective To analyze the influential factors for prognosi of patients with infective endocarditis. Methods The clinical data of 81 patients with infective endocarditis in Beijing Friendship Hospital during January 1992 to October 2013 were retrospectively reviewed and ana-lyzed. Results Among these 81 patients with infective endocarditis,the male gender was predominated with a sex ratio of 2. 1:1,48 patients (59. 3% )had basic heart diseases,70 patients(87. 4% )had fever and 60. 5% patients had anemia. The bacterial cultures were positive in 38. 3% of patients,and 22. 2% patients accepted surgical treatment. Conclusion The data in this study showed that the clinical manifestations of infective endocarditis are complex with high mortality rate. Rheumatic heart disease is the basic disease for this infection and renal impairment is the risk factor for the poor prognosis of these patients.%目的:分析感染性心内膜炎(IE)的预后影响因素。方法调查1992年1月至2013年10月北京友谊医院确诊的81例 IE 患者病例资料,对其临床特点进行回顾性分析,并对可能的相关因素进行单因素统计学分析。结果81例患者中单因素分析显示,风湿性心脏病对于感染性心内膜炎患者的 OR =5.387(95% CI 1.626-8.425),肾脏损伤对于感染性心内膜炎患者的 OR =4.233(95% CI 1.607~10.494),外科治疗对于感染性心内膜炎患者的 OR =1.153(95% CI 1.121~1.440),具有统计学意义。结论 IE 临床表现复杂,是一种危害大、病死率较高的心脏疾病;风湿性心脏基础疾病以及肾脏损伤是患者预后不良的危险因素。

  20. Correlation analysis of plasma brain natriuretic peptide and recent prognosis in patients with acute pulmonary embolism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hui-Zhao Liu

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study the correlation analysis of plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and recent prognosis in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE).Methods:98 cases of patients with APE were selected as the research subjects from January 2012 to January 2015, all patients were divided into BNP<100 ng/L group (n=41 cases) and a BNP≥100 ng/L group (n=57 cases) according to the plasma BNP level. Collection of two groups of patients with clinical data and related laboratory examination indexes, record the incidence rate of two groups of patients with clinical adverse events, comparing the difference between the two groups.Results:With the BNP<100 ng/L group comparison, BNP acuity 100 ng/L group patients' heart rate (HR) partial fast, systolic blood pressure (SBP) is low, the number of people in the clinical manifestations of shortness of breath and syncope, blood gas analysis in the oxygen partial pressure (PaO2) are low, the plasma D-dimer is on the high side, the proportion of a massive embolism is higher (P<0.05); The BNP 100 ng/L or group of patients with cardiac shock, tracheal intubation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the recent clinical adverse events such as death is more than the BNP<100 ng/L group (P<0.05); Logistic regression analysis suggest the plasma BNP levels (OR=1.137,P<0.05) were independent risk factors for the development of clinical adverse events in patients with APE. ROC curve analysis showed that plasma BNP in patients with predicted area under the curve of the clinical adverse events was 0.841 (95%CI=0.585–0.937,P<0.05), the sensitivity and specificity were 87.3% and 79.8% respectively.Conclusions:Early serum BNP level and APE patients is closely related to the severity and prognosis of recent, early detection of plasma BNP helps in evaluating the prognosis of patients with early admission, to guide treatment of clinical significance.

  1. Endometrial Cancer Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 Receptor (IGF1R) Expression Increases with Body Mass Index and Is Associated with Pathologic Extent and Prognosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joehlin-Price, Amy S.; Stephens, Julie A.; Zhang, Jianying; Backes, Floor J.; Cohn, David E.; Suarez, Adrian A.

    2016-01-01

    Background Obesity is a main risk factor for endometrial carcinoma (EC). Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) expression may influence this association. Methods IGF1R IHC was performed on a tissue microarray with 894 EC and scored according to the percentage and intensity of staining to create immunoreactivity scores, which were dichotomized into low and high IGF1R expression groups. Logistic regression modeling assessed associations with body mass index (BMI), age, histology, pathologic extent of disease (pT), and lymph node metastasis (pN). Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared between IGF1R expression groups using Kaplan–Meier curves and log-rank tests. Results The proportion of patients with high IGF1R expression increased as BMI (<30, 30–39, and 40+ kg/m2) increased (P = 0.002). The adjusted odds of having high IGF1R expression was 1.49 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.05–2.10, P = 0.024] for patients with BMI 30 to 39 kg/m2 compared with <30 kg/m2 and 1.62 (95% CI, 1.13–2.33, P = 0.009) for patients with BMI 40+ kg/m2 compared with <30 kg/m2. High IGF1R expression was associated with pT and pN univariately and with pT after adjusting for BMI, pN, age, and histologic subtype. DFS and OS were better with high IGF1R expression, P = 0.020 and P = 0.002, respectively, but DFS was not significant after adjusting for pT, pN, and histologic subtype of the tumor. Conclusions There is an association between BMI and EC IGF1R expression. Higher IGF1R expression is associated with lower pT and better DFS and OS. Impact These findings suggest a link between IGF1R EC expression and obesity, as well as IGF1R expression and survival. PMID:26682991

  2. Association of macrophage migration inhibitory factor gene -173 G/C polymorphism with prognosis in Turkish children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berdeli, Afig; Ozyürek, Arif Ruhi; Ulger, Zülal; Gürses, Dolunay; Levent, Ertürk; Salar, Koray; Gürpinar, Ali Rahmi

    2006-06-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine genotypic and allelic frequencies of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) gene -173 G/C polymorphism in patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and to evaluate the association of the MIF -173 C allele with the outcome of JRA. Genomic DNA was collected from 67 JRA patients and 153 healthy individuals. To evaluate the association of the MIF -173 polymorphism with the outcome, we analyzed the data concerning the treatment regimen, duration of glucocorticoid treatment, score on the childhood health assessment questionnaire (C-HAQ) and the number of joints with active arthritis. Nonsignificant differences were observed between the study and control groups in the distribution of genotype and allele frequencies of the MIF gene -173 G/C polymorphism. In JRA patients, carrying a MIF -173 C allele, the number of disease modifying antirheumatic drugs required for the treatment was more, the duration of glucocorticoid treatment was significantly longer, and at the last visits the C-HAQ scores and the number of joints with active arthritis were significantly higher. MIF gene -173 C allele frequency did not differ between the controls and JRA patients. MIF -173 C allele did not confer increased susceptibility to JRA in our study group. Carriage of the MIF -173 C allele was found to be a strong predictor of poor outcome in all types of JRA.

  3. Onset, prognosis and effect factors of postpartum depression%产后抑郁发生、转归及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小松; 赵更力; 陈丽君; 狄江丽

    2009-01-01

    目的:了解产后42天、6个月产后抑郁发生及42天产后抑郁在6个月时的恢复情况与其影响因素.方法:应用爱丁堡产后抑郁量表(EPDS)和产妇一般情况调查表在产后42天对551例无孕期并发症/合并症和精神疾患的产妇进行测评,并于产后6个月随访时再次测评,用SPSS 10.0统计软件对相关资料进行统计分析.结果:产后42天产后抑郁发病率为6.5%,6个月产后抑郁患病率为5.7%.42天产后抑郁患者有25.0%在6个月仍为产后抑郁,占6个月产后抑郁的25.9%;42天正常产妇有4.5%在6个月发生产后抑郁.家庭、工作及孩子因素是影响产后抑郁发生与恢复的重要因素.结论:产后较长时间内仍有可能发生产后抑郁,产后一定时期内产妇的精神状况仍应得到重视.%To explore the incidence of postpartum depression at 42 days and 6 months postpartum and the recovery process of postpartum depression, as well as effect factors. Methods: 551 healthy mothers without complications and mental diseases were investigated by EPDS and general status questionnaires respectively at 42 days and 6 months postpartum, the analysis was performed on SPSS 10. 0. Results: The incidences of postpartum depression at 42 days and 6 months were 6. 5% and 5.6%. About 25.0% women with post-partum depression at 42 days were still depressed at 6 months postpartum. Approximately 25. 9% women with postpartum depression at 6 months were depressed at 42 days. About 4. 5% healthy women at 42 days suffered postpartum depression at 6 months. The important effect factors of incidence and recovery of postpartum depression were family, employment and children. Conclusion: Postpartum depression maybe occur during longtime postpartum. Mental health status of childbirth women should be enhanced after delivery.

  4. Prognosis and Risk Factors for Congenital Airway Anomalies in Children with Congenital Heart Disease: A Nationwide Population-Based Study in Taiwan.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Sheng Lee

    Full Text Available The mortality risk associated with congenital airway anomalies (CAA in children with congenital heart disease (CHD is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with CAA, and the associated mortality risk, among children with CHD.This nationwide, population-based study evaluated 39,652 children with CHD aged 0-5 years between 2000 and 2011, using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD. We performed descriptive, logistic regression, Kaplan-Meier, and Cox regression analyses of the data.Among the children with CHD, 1,591 (4.0% had concomitant CAA. Children with CHD had an increased likelihood of CAA if they were boys (odds ratio [OR], 1.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33-1.64, infants (OR, 5.42; 95%CI, 4.06-7.24, or had a congenital musculoskeletal anomaly (OR, 3.19; 95%CI, 2.67-3.81, and were typically identified 0-3 years after CHD diagnosis (OR, 1.33; 95%CI 1.17-1.51. The mortality risk was increased in children with CHD and CAA (crude hazard ratio [HR], 2.05; 95%CI, 1.77-2.37, even after adjusting for confounders (adjusted HR, 1.76; 95%CI, 1.51-2.04. Mortality risk also changed by age and sex (adjusted HR and 95%CI are quoted: neonates, infants, and toddlers and preschool children, 1.67 (1.40-2.00, 1.93 (1.47-2.55, and 4.77 (1.39-16.44, respectively; and boys and girls, 1.62 (1.32-1.98 and 2.01 (1.61-2.50, respectively.The mortality risk is significantly increased among children with CHD and comorbid CAA. Clinicians should actively seek CAA during the follow-up of children with CHD.

  5. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Chat Publications Dictionary Menu Contact Dictionary Search About Cancer Causes and Prevention Risk Factors Genetics Cancer Prevention Overview Cancer Prevention Overview–for ...

  6. Early adversity, neural development, and inflammation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Jessica J; Taylor, Shelley E; Bower, Julienne E

    2015-12-01

    Early adversity is a risk factor for poor mental and physical health. Although altered neural development is believed to be one pathway linking early adversity to psychopathology, it has rarely been considered a pathway linking early adversity to poor physical health. However, this is a viable pathway because the central nervous system is known to interact with the immune system via the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and autonomic nervous system (ANS). In support of this pathway, early adversity has been linked to changes in neural development (particularly of the amygdala, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex), HPA axis and ANS dysregulation, and higher levels of inflammation. Inflammation, in turn, can be detrimental to physical health when prolonged. In this review, we present these studies and consider how altered neural development may be a pathway by which early adversity increases inflammation and thus risk for adverse physical health outcomes.

  7. Occurrence of Septic Encephalopathy and Its Risk Factors Influencing Prognosis%脓毒性脑病发生及影响预后的危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王露; 柴艳芬

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the risk factors of septic encephalopathy ( SE ) and its influencing factors of prognosis. Methods Clinical data of 109 SE patients were collected to perform single and multivariate factor Logistic regression analysis. The risk factors influencing SE occurrence were calculated. Results SE incidence was 51. 38%. Elderly patients with a long smoking history, diabetes, coronary heart disease, coagulation disorders, electrolyte imbalance, APACHE Ⅱ ≥ 20 were prone to SE. Logistic regression analysis showed that diabetes, coagulation disorder and APACHE Ⅱ ≥20 were independent risk factors of SE occurrence. Coagulation disorder and APACHE Ⅱ ≥20 were independent risk factors of SE death. Conclusion SE has a high incidence. Patients with diabetes, coagulation disorder and APACHE Ⅱ ≥20 should be observed closely, and the mortality of patients with coagulation and APACHE Ⅱ ≥20 was high, which is of significance in clinical assessment of SE prognosis.%目的 探讨脓毒症患者并发脓毒性脑病的危险因素及影响预后的因素.方法 收集109例脓毒症患者的临床资料,采用单因素分析和多因素Logistic回归分析,统计影响脓毒性脑病发生和死亡的危险因素.结果 脓毒性脑病发病率为51.38%;高龄、长期吸烟史、糖尿病、冠心病、凝血功能障碍、电解质紊乱、入院时急性生理学与慢性健康状况Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ)评分≥20分的脓毒症患者易并发脓毒性脑病;Logistic回归分析结果显示脓毒症患者合并有糖尿病、凝血功能障碍及入院时APACHEⅡ评分≥20分是脓毒性脑病发生的独立危险因素.凝血功能障碍和APACHEⅡ评分≥20分是脓毒性脑病患者死亡的独立危险因素.结论 脓毒性脑病的发病率高,对有糖尿病、凝血功能障碍和APACHEⅡ评分≥20分脓毒症患者应密切观察,凝血功能障碍和APACHEⅡ评分≥20分的脓毒性脑病患者病死率高,对临床上评估脓

  8. Stromal cell derived factor-1: its influence on invasiveness and migration of breast cancer cells in vitro, and its association with prognosis and survival in human breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 (CXC chemokine ligand-12) is a member of the CXC subfamily of chemokines, which, through its cognate receptor (CXC chemokine receptor [CXCR]4), plays an important role in chemotaxis of cancer cells and in tumour metastasis. We conducted the present study to evaluate the effect of SDF-1 on the invasiveness and migration of breast cancer cells, and we analyzed the expression of SDF-1 and its relation to clinicopathological features and clinical outcomes in human breast cancer. Expression of SDF-1 mRNA in breast cancer, endothelial (HECV) and fibroblast (MRC5) cell lines and in human breast tissues were studied using RT-PCR. MDA-MB-231 cells were transfected with a SDF-1 expression vector, and their invasiveness and migration was tested in vitro. In addition, the expression of SDF-1 was investigated using immunohistochemistry and quantitative RT-PCR in samples of normal human mammary tissue (n = 32) and mammary tumour (n = 120). SDF-1 expression was identified in MRC5, MDA-MB-435s and MDA-MB-436 cell lines, but CXCR4 expression was detected in all cell lines and breast tissues. An autocrine loop was created following transfection of MDA-MB-231 (which was CXCR4 positive and SDF-1 negative) with a mammalian expression cassette encoding SDF-1 (MDA-MB-231SDF1+/+) or with control plasmid pcDNA4/GFP (MDA-MB-231+/-). MDA-MB-231SDF1+/+ cells exhibited significantly greater invasion and migration potential (in transfected cells versus in wild type and empty MDA-MB-231+/-; P < 0.01). In mammary tissues SDF-1 staining was primarily seen in stromal cells and weakly in mammary epithelial cells. Significantly higher levels of SDF-1 were seen in node-positive than in node-negative tumours (P = 0.05), in tumours that metastasized (P = 0.05), and tumours from patients who died (P = 0.03) than in tumours from patients who were disease free. It was most notable that levels of SDF-1 correlated significantly with overall survival (P = 0.001) and

  9. 本科护生应对逆境的能力及其影响因素分析%Ability to Cope with Adversity of Nursing Undergraduates and Its Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘合乙

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解在校本科护生应对逆境的能力,探讨其影响因素,为护理教育者提高学生逆境应对能力提供依据.方法 采用逆境商量表及自行设计的一般资料问卷,对88 名在校本科护生进行调查并分析其影响因素.结果 经调查本科护生逆境商总分为(134.62±16.56)分,年级、是否曾担任班干部、是否为独生子女及是否参与护理见习实践对护生逆境商影响有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 在校本科护生应对逆境的能力有待进一步提高,护理教育者可针对其主要影响因素有的放矢,以提高其逆境应对能力.%Objective To understand nursing undergraduates' ability to cope with adversity, to analyze its influencing factors and to provide evidence for taking specific measures to improve students ' ability to cope with adversity. Methods A total of 88 nursing undergraduates were surveyed with Adversity Response Profile (ARP) and a self-designed general information questionnaire. Results The total score of adversity quotient of nursing undergraduates was (134.62±16.56). Grade, class leaders or not and only child or not had significant influence on their adversity quotient (P<0.05). Conclusion Nursing undergraduates' ability to cope with adversity needs to be improved. Effective and personalized strategies should be taken to improve their ability to cope with adversity.

  10. The Prognosis of Child Abuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Margaret A.

    1978-01-01

    Reviews the prognosis for abused children in terms of death, re-injury, permanent physical damage, growth failure, intellectual retardation, and personality and behavior problems. Discusses problems of collecting data and inadequacies of intervention treatments. (JB)

  11. Prognosis of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gordon Millichap

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Investigators from Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan, evaluated the clinical features, prognosis, and prophylaxis of cyclic vomiting syndrome and the relationship between the syndrome and levels of adrenocorticotropic/antidiuretic hormones (ACTH/ADH.

  12. Analysis of related factors influencing the prognosis of women with severe pre-eclampsia and their perinatal fetuses%影响重度子痫前期孕妇及围产儿预后的相关因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红卫; 王琪; 吴静

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate related factors influencing the prognosis of women with severe preeclampsia and their perinatal fetuses. Methods Data of 157 women with severe pre-eclampsia from Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were retrospectively collected. Risk factors affecting the outcomes of the subjects and their perinatal fetuses were analyzed by logistic stepwise regression model. Results Hypertension while admission was found related to complications at pregnancy termination. The risk of occurrence of complications in pregnant women with severe hypertension was 3. 147 ( 95% CI: 1.483~6. 679) times higher than those with mild hypertension. Pregnancy termination at 32 - 36 weeks of gestation was a protective factor of neonatal asphyxia. Incidence of neonatal asphyxia in subjects of 32~36 weeks of gestation was significantly lower than in those of less than 27 weeks ( OR =0. 026, 95% CI:0. 004~0. 169). Conclusions For women with severe pre-eclampsia, hypertension while admission was a risk factor for their prognosis, and pregnancy termination at 32~36 weeks of gestation was a protective factor of neonatal asphyxia.%目的 了解影响重度子痫前期孕妇及围产儿预后的相关因素.方法 采用以医院为基础的方法 收集回顾性资料,共纳入157例研究样本.采用SAS8.2对孕产儿结局的危险因素进行单因素分析和多因素Logistic回归分析.结果经单因素和多因素分析,入院时血压与妊娠终止时孕妇的并发症有关,重度高血压孕妇发生并发症的危险是轻度高血压孕妇的3.147倍(95%CI:1.483~6.679).32~36孕周终止妊娠是新生儿窒息发生的保护因素,期间所产新生儿窒息发生的危险是≤27孕周的0.026倍(95%CI:0.004~0.169).结论 重度子痫前期孕妇的入院时血压情况(重度高血压)是孕妇预后的危险因素,32~36孕周终止妊娠是围产儿并发症发生的保护因素.

  13. Study on the effect of different factors on the postoperative prognosis of patients with distal radius fracture%不同因素对桡骨远端骨折患者术后预后的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓吉长

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To study the effect of different factors on the postoperative prognosis of patients with distal radius fracture. Methods:124 cases with distal radius fracture were selected from January 2009 to January 2013.73 cases were treated with locking compression plate fixation.2 cases were treated with kirschner wire and external fixation.48 cases were treated with T shaped steel plate.1 case was treated with kirschner wire.All cases were followed up for 6~48 months.The operation curative effect was evaluated by Cooney wrist score and imaging score mean.The different factors on the postoperative outcome were analyzed by univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:In the Cooney wrist score,100 cases were excellent;23 cases were good;1 case was ok;the excellent and good rate was 99.19%.In the imaging score,72 cases were excellent;44 cases were good;6 cases was ok;1 case was bad;the excellent and good rate was 93.55%.The Cooney wrist score was analyzed by univariate and Logistic analysis.and it considered that the fracture classification and fracture reduction were the significant effect factors(P<0.05).The Batra imaging score was analyzed by univariate and Logistic analysis,and it considered that age was an important factor(P<0.05).Conclusion:The fracture classification can affect the postoperative wrist function activities.The age is the influence factor of imaging score of postoperative prognosis.%目的:研究不同因素对桡骨远端骨折患者术后预后的影响。方法:2009年1月-2013年1月收治桡骨远端骨折患者124例,应用锁定加压钢板内固定术73例,克氏针加外固定架2例,T形钢板48例,克氏钉1例。所有患者随访6~48个月,应用Cooney腕关节评分及影像学评分手段评价手术疗效,并对影响术后预后的不同因素进行单因素和多因素 Logistic 分析。结果:Cooney 腕关节评分优100例,良23例,可1例,优良率99.19%;影像学评分中优72

  14. Prognosis of ventricular fibrillation in hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, G V; Torp-Pedersen, C; Køber, L

    1992-01-01

    (P = 0.01). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that heart failure and cardiogenic shock were significant risk factors for in-hospital death among patients with IHD. Among discharged patients 1 and 5 years survival was 78% and 51% for patients with MI, 63% and 25% for patients with IHD, 67......% and 54% for patients without IHD. A proportional hazard model demonstrated old age, heart failure and cardiogenic shock as risk factors for long-term prognosis, while MI was associated with a reduced relative risk ratio = 0.58 of long-term mortality among patients with IHD. In conclusion, patients...

  15. Research on related factors of post-stroke depression and their relationship with prognosis%脑卒中后抑郁相关因素与患者预后分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国利; 曾湘良; 刘芳; 朱勇

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨脑卒中后抑郁的相关因素及患者预后分析.方法选择2008年2月~2011年2月本院住院治疗的280例脑卒中患者,采用抑郁自评量表、汉密尔顿抑郁量表对患者进行评估.280例患者中确诊为卒中后抑郁者62例,将32例接受早期干预治疗的卒中后抑郁者为观察组,30例未接受早期干预者为对照组.对可能引起脑中后抑郁的相关因素进行分析,并采用改良Barthel指数评估患者日常生活能力(ADL),采用FMA运动功能评定肢体运动功能.结果统计学分析显示文化程度、家庭关系、病变部位、偏瘫严重程度与患者脑卒中后抑郁显著相关(P 0.05);治疗后1、3及6个月进行评估,结果显示观察组MBI评分及FMA评分显著优于对照组(P 0.05); MBI scores and FMA scores in experience group were much better than that in control group on 1, 3 and 6 months of post-treatment (P < 0.05). Conclusion Culture degree, family relationship, lesion site, the hemiplegic degree are the risk factors for post-stroke depression. The patients who receive early treatment have better prognosis. Early treatment should be performed in order to promote the recovery and improve the prognosis of patients.

  16. The Rutter Scale for Completion by Teachers: Factor Structure and Relationships with Cognitive Abilities and Family Adversity for a Sample of New Zealand Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGee, Rob; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Factor analysis revealed three main factors: aggressiveness, hyperactivity and anxiety-fearfulness. Measures based upon these factors had a reasonably high level of reliability and were moderately stable over a 2-year interval. Hyperactivity was negatively associated with cognition ability. Both hyperactivity and aggressiveness were related to…

  17. The relationship between plasma levels of pigment epithelial derived factor and vascular endothelial growth factor in the patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and prognosis%肝癌患者血浆 PEDF 和 VEGF 表达水平及其与预后关系的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱莉丽; 杨凯; 刘亚

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察肝癌患者血浆色素上皮衍生因子(PEDF)及血管内皮生长因子(VEGF)表达水平并探讨其与预后的关系。方法采用ELISA法检测肝癌患者43例(肝癌组)、肝脏良性疾病患者20例(良性肝病组)及健康对照者20例(健康对照组)血浆PEDF和VEGF水平;肝癌患者平均随访(12 W.02±0.23)个月,记录短期主要不良终点事件(SMAE)发生情况。结果血浆PEDF水平肝癌组较良性肝病组及健康对照组明显降低( P <0.01),VEGF水平明显升高( P <0.01),而良性肝病组与健康对照组比较差异无统计学意义( P >0.05)。肝癌患者随访结束后,高PEDF/VEGF比值(≥3)亚组22例发生SMAE 3例(13.64%),低PEDF/VEGF比值(<3)亚组21例发生SMAE 7例(33.33%),Kaplan-Meier生存曲线显示2组差异有统计学意义( P =0.039)。另外,与未发生SMAE的肝癌患者(33例)比较,发生SMAE者(10例)有更低的PEDF/VEGF比值(2.14±0.76 vs.3.49±1.12, P <0.01)。结论 PEDF和VEGF参与肝癌的病理生理过程,低表达的PEDF及高表达的VEGF反映肝癌发生、发展及转移情况,两者比值可能成为预测肝癌转移及预后的有效指标。%Objective To observe the expression of pigment epithelium derived factor ( PEDF) and vascular endothe-lial growth factor ( VEGF) in liver cancer patients , and to explore its relationship with the prognosis .Methods ELISA was used to detect 43 cases of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC group), 20 patients with benign liver disease (benign liver disease group ) and 20 cases of healthy controls'( healthy control group ) levels of plasma PEDF and VEGF levels , pa-tients with hepatocellular carcinoma with average follow-up (12.02 ±0.23) months, the main short recording adverse events ( SMAE) occurrence were recorded .Results The levels of plasma PEDF of liver cancer group

  18. RACIAL RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION AND ADVERSE BIRTH OUTCOMES

    Science.gov (United States)

    INTRODUCTION. The disparity between black and white women's adverse birth outcomes has been subject to much investigation, yet the factors underlying its persistence remain elusive, which has encouraged research on neighborhood-level influences, including racial residential segr...

  19. 肝衰竭病原学分析及预后影响因素的Logistic回归分析%Liver failure:Etiology and Logistic regression analysis for the factors affecting its prognosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪佳月; 李家斌

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To understand the etiology for different liver failure and the factors affecting the prognosis .Methods:Retrospective Logistic regres-sion analysis was performed in 425 cases of liver failure pertaining to the etiology,gender,age,laboratory indexes and complications.Results:Univariate Lo-gistic regression analysis showed that the risks affecting the prognosis of different liver failure were involved in patient′s age,level of total bilirubin(TBIL) and direct bilirubin(DBIL),ratio of glutamic oxalacetic transaminase to glutamic-pyruvic transaminase(AST/ALT),content of albumin,blood ammonia and prealbumin,prothrombin(PT),prothrombin activity(PTA),count of white blood cell (WBC) and hemoglobin(HGB),level of creatinine,urea nitro-gen and serum sodium as well as concomitant hepatic encephalopathy,upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage,hepatorenal syndrome,spontaneous peritonitis and fluid and electrolyte imbalance.Conclusion:Man are susceptible to liver failure,particularly,it may progress as a result of chronic HBV infection.The prognosis of liver failure may be involved in various clinical indicators that can be used to estimate the patient′s conditions and outcomes.%目的:了解各型肝衰竭患者的病原学及影响肝衰竭患者预后的危险因素。方法:采用回顾性分析方法,对肝衰竭患者的病原学、性别、年龄、各项实验室指标及并发症情况等进行统计分析。结果:单因素Logistic回归分析结果显示,年龄、总胆红素( total bilirubin,TBIL)、直接胆红素( direct bilirubin,DBIL)、谷草转氨酶/谷丙转氨酶比值( the ratio of glutamic oxalacetic transaminase to glutamic-pyruvic transaminase,AST/ALT)、白蛋白、血氨、前白蛋白、凝血酶原时间( prothrombin time,PT)、凝血酶原活动度( prothrombin activityprothrombin time activity,PTA)、白细胞( white blood cell,WBC)计数、血红蛋白( hemoglobin,HGB)计数、肌

  20. A retrospective analysis of the factors influencing the prognosis of liver cirrhosis combined with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis%肝硬化合并自发性细菌性腹膜炎预后影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李儒贵; 谭华炳; 占国清; 张薇薇; 胡波

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨肝硬化合并自发性细菌性腹膜炎(SBP)预后的影响因素. 方法 回顾性分析135例肝硬化合并SBP患者的临床资料,根据其预后分为存活组(88例)与死亡组(47例),比较两组病例年龄、性别、既往SBP史、症状与体征、ChildPugh分值、外周血和腹水中白细胞数、并发症、重要生化指标等因素. 结果 两组病例在年龄、既往SBP史、腹部多数症状及其它(呃逆、黄疸加深、休克)、Child-Pugh评分、外周血中性粒细胞比例、腹水白细胞数及多核粒细胞(PMN)比例、多数并发症及发生并发症个数、重要生化指标间差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01). 结论 年龄、既往SBP史、多数症状与体征、Child-Pugh评分、外周血中性粒细胞比例、腹水白细胞数及多核粒细胞(PMN)比例、重要生化指标及并发症等因素均影响肝硬化并SBP患者转归,可作为评价此病预后的重要指标.%Objective To explore the factors influencing the prognosis of liver cirrhosis combined with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis(SBP). Methods Clinical data of 135 patients with cirrhosis combined with SBP were analyzed retrospectively. Cases were divided into alive group(n=88) and dead group(n=47) according to their prognosis. Age, sex, past history of SBP, symptoms and signs, Child-Pugh score, leucocyte in peripheral blood and ascites, complications and important biochemical indicators of the two groups were compared. Results There were significant statistical differences in age, past history of SBP, abdominal symptoms and others(hiccup, deepened jaundice and shock), Child-Pugh score, blood neutrophil proportion, leucocyte and polymorphonuclear(PMN) cells in ascites, complications, and important biochemical indicators(P<0.05, P<0.01) between the two groups. Conclusion Age, past history of SBP, most symptoms and signs, Child-Pugh score, blood neutrophil proportion, leucocyte and polymorphonuclear(PMN) cells in

  1. 高压氧辅助治疗突发性耳聋预后的影响因素研究%The Influencing Factors for Prognosis of Sudden Deafness by Hyperbaric Oxygen Assist Therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琴; 吴嗣洪; 唐守英; 张惠华; 曹晓燕; 葛秀英

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨高压氧(HBO)辅助治疗突发性耳聋(SD)预后的影响因素,建立预估不良预后的评分系统。方法回顾性选择2008年6月—2013年5月在上海市奉贤区中心医院五官科住院治疗且病历资料完整的SD患者168例,收集患者年龄、合并高血压和/或糖尿病及SD发病、治疗情况。结果 Pearson相关性分析显示,年龄≥50岁、合并高血压和/或糖尿病、发病至就诊时间≥15 d、平均听力损失≥60 dB、听力曲线类型、伴眩晕、发病至开始HBO治疗时间≥15 d 和 HBO 治疗﹤2个疗程与 HBO 辅助治疗 SD 预后有关联( r =-0.247、-0.166、-0.170、-0.441、-0.171、-0.195、-0.234、-0.249,P﹤0.05)。Logistic回归分析显示,合并高血压和/或糖尿病〔OR=5.787,95%CI(1.456,23.001),P=0.013〕、平均听力损失≥60 dB〔OR=26.308,95%CI(7.262,95.302),P﹤0.001〕、听力曲线类型〔OR =21.067,95% CI(5.036,88.131),P ﹤0.001〕、伴眩晕〔OR =7.212,95% CI (1.701,30.573),P=0.007〕、发病至开始HBO治疗时间≥15 d〔OR=52.359,95%CI(11.152,245.831),P﹤0.001〕、HBO治疗﹤2个疗程〔OR=4.685,95%CI(1.364,16.095),P=0.014〕进入回归方程。Logistic回归方程预测患者预后的灵敏度为0.86,特异度为0.91,ROC曲线下面积为0.955(P﹤0.05)。结论合并高血压和/或糖尿病、平均听力损失≥60 dB、听力曲线呈下降/全聋型、SD伴眩晕、HBO开始治疗时间≥15 d、HBO治疗﹤2个疗程是影响HBO辅助治疗SD预后的危险因素,本研究建立的评分对预测患者预后和指导临床治疗有一定参考价值。%Objective To explore the influencing factors for the prognosis of sudden deafness ( SD ) treated by hyperbaric oxygen assist therapy and design a scoring system for predicting poor prognosis. Methods 168 patients with SD who were admitted in Facial Department of

  2. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Español 1-800-4-CANCER Live Chat Publications Dictionary Menu Contact Dictionary Search About Cancer Causes and Prevention Risk Factors Genetics Cancer Prevention Overview Cancer Prevention Overview–for health professionals Research ...

  3. Adverse reactions to cosmetics

    OpenAIRE

    Dogra A; Minocha Y; Kaur S

    2003-01-01

    Adverse reaction to cosmetics constitute a small but significant number of cases of contact dermatitis with varied appearances. These can present as contact allergic dermatitis, photodermatitis, contact irritant dermatitis, contact urticaria, hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentotion or depigmentation, hair and nail breakage. Fifty patients were included for the study to assess the role of commonly used cosmetics in causing adverse reactions. It was found that hair dyes, lipsticks and surprisingly ...

  4. Learning from adverse incidents involving medical devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amoore, John; Ingram, Paula

    While an adverse event involving a medical device is often ascribed to either user error or device failure, the causes are typically multifactorial. A number of incidents involving medical devices are explored using this approach to investigate the various causes of the incident and the protective barriers that minimised or prevented adverse consequences. User factors, including mistakes, omissions and lack of training, conspired with background factors--device controls and device design, storage conditions, hidden device damage and physical layout of equipment when in use--to cause the adverse events. Protective barriers that prevented or minimised the consequences included staff vigilance, operating procedures and alarms. PMID:12715578

  5. Family skills for overcoming adversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Patricia Ardila Hernández

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This section draws on research four families in displacement in Tunja Boyacá step of this research is to present the problem of displacement from another different look that has embargoed regarding this topic. Critical reflection was raised from resilient approach Parsons theory in order to understand families immersed in this conflict as change agents capable of adapting to a new system and overcome adversity. Within this scheme is used to obtain qualitative research of the following categories : adaptation to the new social context risk factors present in families and protective factors.

  6. Early risk prognosis of free-flap transplant failure by quantitation of the macrophage colony-stimulating factor in patient plasma using 2-dimensional liquid-chromatography multiple reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jingzhi; Finke, Juliane C; Yang, Juncong; Percy, Andrew J; von Fritschen, Uwe; Borchers, Christoph H; Glocker, Michael O

    2016-09-01

    Although great success of microvascular free-flap transplantation surgery has been achieved in recent years, between 1.5% and 15% of flaps are still lost due to vascular occlusion. The clinical challenge remains to salvage a transplant in the case of vascular complications. Since flap loss is devastating for the patient, it is of utmost importance to detect signs of complications or of conspicuities as soon as possible. Rescue success rates highly depend on early revision. In this study, we collected blood samples during transplantation surgery from either the contributory artery or the effluent vein of the flap and applied a targeted mass spectrometry-based approach to quantify 24 acute phase proteins, cytokines, and growth factors in 63 plasma samples from 21 hospitalized patients, generating a dataset with 9450 protein concentration values. Biostatistical analyses of the targeted plasma protein concentrations in all 63 plasma samples showed that venous concentrations of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) provided the highest accuracy for discriminating patients with either clinical conspicuities or complications from control individuals. Using 21.33 ng/mL of M-CSF as the diagnostic threshold when analyzing venous blood plasma samples, the assay obtained a sensitivity of 0.93 and a specificity of 0.85 with an area under the curve value of 0.902 in the receiver operating characteristic analysis. Overall, our results indicate that M-CSF is a potential molecular marker for early risk prognosis of free-flap transplant failure. PMID:27684807

  7. 抗结核药物所致不良反应发生情况及相关危险因素分析%Risk factors of adverse reactions caused by anti-TB drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪志伟

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the characteristics of the adverse reactions caused by anti-TB drugs and to analyze its risk factors. Methods 1 368 cases of patients diagnosed as tuberculosis who received standard treatment options were selected from 2005 to ,2010 in Yangzhong city. The adverse reactions and its risk factors were analyzed statistcally. Results 12. 97% of these patients had adverse reaction. The main adverse reactions were liver dysfunction and gastrointestinal reactions. Univariate analysis showed that age, BMI, monthly income, diagnostic classification and history of hepatitis were the suspected risk factors. Multivariate analysis results showed that age≥60 ( OR = 3.27,95%CI=2.073 ~5.439,P = 0.002 ),BMI < 18.5( OR = 1.377,95%CI = 1.021 ~3. 548,P =0. 037 ) and with history of hepatitis( OR = 1. 82,95% CI = 1.003 ~ 6. 248, P = 0. 046 ) ) were the risk factors of adverse reactions. Conclusions The adverse reactions caused by anti-TB drugs are relatively high and if the patient was in advanced age or with poor nutritional status or with history of hepatitis the probability of adverse reactions will increase.%目的 观察抗结核药物所致的不良反应发生情况并分析与其发生相关的危险因素.方法 以2005-2010年该市使用标准化疗方案的确诊肺结核患者1 368例为研究对象,对治疗相关不良反应及其危险因素进行统计分析.结果 抗结核药所致的不良反应发生率为12.97%,主要的不良反应事件为肝功能损害及胃肠道反应;单因素统计结果发现年龄、BMI、月收入、诊断分型及肝炎病史为抗结核治疗相关可疑危险因素,多因素统计分析发现年龄≥60岁(OR=3.27,95%CI=2.073~5.439,P=0.002)、BMI<18.5(OR=1.377,95%CI=1.021~3.548,P=0.037)及肝病史(OR=1.82,95%CI=1.003~6.248,P=0.046)为治疗相关危险因素.结论 抗结核药所致不良反应发生率较高,当患者存在高龄、营养状态差及肝炎病史可一定程度增加不良反应发生率.

  8. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Español 1-800-4-CANCER Live Chat Publications Dictionary Menu Contact Dictionary Search About Cancer Causes and Prevention Risk Factors ... Contacts Other Funding Find NCI funding for small business innovation, technology transfer, and contracts Training Cancer Training ...

  9. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Español 1-800-4-CANCER Live Chat Publications Dictionary Menu Contact Dictionary Search About Cancer Causes and Prevention Risk Factors ... Contacts Other Funding Find NCI funding for small business innovation, technology transfer, and contracts Training Cancer Training ...

  10. The influence factors of prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure%慢性心力衰竭患者预后影响因素的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈燕; 吕蓉; 季诗明; 孙路路; 梁涛

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨慢性心力衰竭(CHF)患者的生存状况及死亡相关危险因素.方法 2008年12月至2010年2月,收集北京阜外心血管病医院CHF监护病房住院的108例患者的基线资料,随访患者出院后6个月的生存状况,以生存状况为因变量进行Logistic回归分析.结果 CHF患者出院后6个月内的病死率为18.5%.多因素非条件Logistic回归分析结果显示,下肢水肿、BMI及明尼苏达生活质量得分与心力衰竭死亡相关,调整OR (95%CI)分别为18.566(1.299~265.408)、0.583(0.404~0.841)、1.075(1.017~1.135).结论 CHF患者的短期病死率较高,营养状况差,生活质量下降,预后较差;入院时水肿等症状明显的患者,短期死亡风险增加.%Objective To investigate the mortality rate and analyze the risk factors of death in patients with chronic heart failure. Methods One hundred and eight patients with heart failure who were discharged from Heart Failure Care Unit of Fuwai Cardiology Hospital were followed up for six months. The influence factors of survival were analyzed by Logistic regression analysis. Results The mortality rate of heart failure patients within six months after discharge was 18.5 percent. Logistic regression analysis indicated that lower limb edema(OR=18.566),BMI(OR=0.583) and quality of life (OR=1.075) were influence factors of death in heart failure patients. Conclusions The mortality rate of heart failure patients is relatively high within six months. The patients' nutritional status,quality of life and prognosis are poor. The clinical symptoms at admission such as lower limb edema are risk factors of death.

  11. Nuclear detection of Y-box protein-1 (YB-1) closely associates with progesterone receptor negativity and is a strong adverse survival factor in human breast cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) is the prototypic member of the cold shock protein family that fulfills numerous cellular functions. In the nucleus YB-1 protein orchestrates transcription of proliferation-related genes, whereas in the cytoplasm it associates with mRNA and directs translation. In human tumor entities, such as breast, lung and prostate cancer, cellular YB-1 expression indicates poor clinical outcome, suggesting that YB-1 is an attractive marker to predict patients' prognosis and, potentially, is suitable to individualize treatment protocols. Given these predictive qualities of YB-1 detection we sought to establish a highly specific monoclonal antibody (Mab) for diagnostic testing and its characterization towards outcome prediction (relapse-free and overall survival). Hybridoma cell generation was carried out with recombinant YB-1 protein as immunogen and Mab characterization was performed using immunoblotting and ELISA with recombinant and tagged YB-1 proteins, as well as immunohistochemistry of healthy and breast cancer specimens. Breast tumor tissue array staining results were analyzed for correlations with receptor expression and outcome parameters. YB-1-specific Mab F-E2G5 associates with conformational binding epitopes mapping to two domains within the N-terminal half of the protein and detects nuclear YB-1 protein by immunohistochemistry in paraffin-embedded breast cancer tissues. Prognostic evaluation of Mab F-E2G5 was performed by immunohistochemistry of a human breast cancer tissue microarray comprising 179 invasive breast cancers, 8 ductal carcinoma in situ and 37 normal breast tissue samples. Nuclear YB-1 detection in human breast cancer cells was associated with poor overall survival (p = 0.0046). We observed a close correlation between nuclear YB-1 detection and absence of progesterone receptor expression (p = 0.002), indicating that nuclear YB-1 detection marks a specific subgroup of breast cancer. Likely due to limitation of sample

  12. CD38+ CD58- is an independent adverse prognostic factor in paediatric Philadelphia chromosome negative B cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xu-Mian; Zhang, Le-Ping; Wang, Ya-Zhe; Lu, Ai-Dong; Chang, Yan; Zhu, Hong-Hu; Qin, Ya-Zhen; Lai, Yue-Yun; Kong, Yuan; Huang, Xiao-Jun; Liu, Yan-Rong

    2016-04-01

    To explore new risk predictors for a high risk of relapse in Philadelphia chromosome negative (Ph-) B cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) patients, 196 paediatric Ph- B-ALL patients (≤ 18 years) were retrospectively analysed. We mainly focus on investigating the prognostic value of CD38 and CD58 expression in leukemic blasts in these patients by four colour flow cytometry. The CD38+ CD58- group (n=16) had a higher relapse rate, a shorter 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) than the CD38+ CD58+ group (n=157; 31.3% vs 10.2%, P=0.04; 52.4% vs 92.3%, P<0.01; 32.5% vs 91.0%, P=0.01); CD38+ CD58- was an independent adverse prognostic predictor for relapse (hazard ratio [HR], 0.203; 95%CI, 0.063-0.656; P=0.01), 3-year EFS (HR, 0.091; 95%CI, 0.023-0.355; P<0.01) and OS (HR, 0.102; 95%CI, 0.026-0.3971; P<0.01) in this cohort, as determined by Cox multivariate analysis. We identified, for the first time, a higher risk population of paediatric Ph- B-ALL patients with CD38+ CD58- who had a higher relapse risk and a shorter survival. Our results may allow better risk stratification and individualized treatment.

  13. 髓母细胞瘤复发、播散性种植及预后的相关因素分析%Analysis on correlation factors of relapse,metastasis and prognosis of medulloblastoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋飞; 许百男; 张军

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨影响髓母细胞瘤术后局部复发、播散性种植和预后的临床因素。方法回顾性分析我科收治并经病理确认的43例髓母细胞瘤患者,采用Log-Rank法分析肿瘤的T分期、切除程度、放疗方式对患者术后肿瘤复发、播散性种植及生存时间的影响。结果获得随访的41例患者中,3年、5年总体生存率分别为68.3%、50.1%,肿瘤的T分期、切除程度、放疗方式对患者术后复发时间、术后总生存时间的影响均存在统计学差异;肿瘤的T分期、放疗方式对患者播散性种植时间的影响存在统计学差异,而切除程度对其影响无明显统计学差异。结论处于T1、T2期的肿瘤、接受全脑-脊髓放疗的患者手术距离发生复发、播散性种植的时间和术后总生存时间较长,手术全切除能延缓术后复发和延长术后生存时间,但对发生播散性种植的时间无影响。%Objective To discuss the factors that influence the local relapse , implantative metastasis,post operational prognosis of patients suffering from medulloblastoma (MB).Methods The data of 43 patients with MB treated in our department were retrospectively analyzed with Log -Rank test to estimate effects of T stage , extent of resection and radiotherapy on local relapse , implantative metastasis, post operational prognosis .Results The overall three-year,five-year survival rates were 68.3%and 50.1% respectively .The factors that were significantly associated with post operational local recurrences and overall survival time were tumor T stage ,extent of resection and radiotherapy . The differences between tumor T stages ,radiotherapy were significant in implantative metastasis ,while the difference between extents of resection was not .Conclusions Patients with a tumor of T1 or T2 stage and those received post operational craniospinal irradiation have longer recurrence -free time, metastasis-free time and overall

  14. Peritonite bacteriana espontânea na cirrose hepática: prevalência, fatores preditivos e prognóstico Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in hepatic cirrhosis: prevalence, predictive factors and prognosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.A.F. Figueiredo

    1999-04-01

    investigate prospectively prevalence, predictive factors and prognosis of the episode of SBP, we studied 143 in and outpatients with cirrhosis admitted to HUCFF and HUPE between January, 1995 and January, 1996. All patients were submitted to a questionaire, physical examination, blood analysis and abdominal paracentesis with ascitic fluid analysis. They were followed for a mean follow-up period of 4 months and survival was determined. RESULTS: The prevalence of SBP was 20%. Culture-positive SBP, Culture-negative Neutrocytic Ascites and Bacterascites were identified in 24%, 66% and 10%, respectively. After uni - and multivariate analysis, only anterior gastrointestinal hemorrhage, serum albumin and ascitic fluid C4 reached statistical significance (p=0.05 as predictive factors for the development of the SBP. The in-hospital and follow-up mortality rates were 33.3% and 53.8% for the SBP patients and 8.5% and 31.9% for the non-SBP patients, respectively (p=0.01 and p=0.04. The cumulative probability of survival in the SBP group was significantly lower than the probability of the non-SBP group (p=0.05. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that SBP is a frequent complication, depends of the severity of liver failure and is a marker for poor prognosis in patients with liver cirrhosis.

  15. Prognosis and influencing factors of retinopathy of prematurity of 145 cases%早产儿视网膜病变145例转归情况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王曦琅; 熊师; 罗俊; 吴九菊; 周立军; 王平

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To analyze the prognosis and influencing factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).METHODS: The prognosis of 145 ROP cases treated in our hospital from September 2011 to September 2012 was recorded (110 males, 35 females). Gestational weeks, birth weight, time of oxygen, oxygen [ continuous positive airway pressure ( CPAP ) or mechanical ventilation ], pulmonary surfactant, septicemia were statistically analyzed between surgical group and non -surgical group.RESULTS: A total of 145 cases of retinopathy of premature were all in stage 1 to 3, no cases in 4 to 5 stage. Thirty-six cases (24.8%) had undergone the laser and/orcryocoagulation. ROP regressed completely or were stable before prethreshold lesions without surgery in 109 cases (75. 2%). Using the Chi - square test, multivariate logistic regression analysis, it showed that gestational age, time of oxygen, CPAP or mechanical ventilation and septicemia were associated with ROP outcome, with the statistically significant difference. Gestational age, oxygen, septicemia were progression factors of ROP, which was significant difference between groups.CONCLUSION: Most of ROP degenerated or were stable without surgery. Gestational age, mechanical ventilation or CPAP, oxygen for a long time, septicemia could aggravate ROP and increase the probability of surgery.%目的:分析早产儿视网膜病变(ROP)的转归情况,了解影响ROP转归的因素.方法:2011-09/2012-09我院新生儿监护病房住院诊断为ROP的患儿共145例,其中男110例,女35例,记录其转归情况,对手术组与非手术组的孕周、出生体质量、吸氧时间、吸氧方式(持续正压通气(CPAP)或机械通气)、肺表面活性物质应用、败血症进行统计学分析.结果:早产儿视网膜病变145例为1~3期患儿,无1例4~5期病变,36例(24.8%)行视网膜光凝或(和)冷凝,109例(75.2%)患儿完全自然退变或阈值前病变病情稳定未手术.采用卡方检验单因素分析及多因素Logistic回

  16. 乳腺癌组织中巨噬细胞移动抑制因子表达与预后的关系%The relationship between expression of macrophage migration inhibitory factor and prognosis of breast cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐向东; 姚陈; 林颖; 王丽萍; 马兰兰; 王深明

    2008-01-01

    目的 观察巨噬细胞移动抑制因子(MIF)在乳腺癌中的表达,探讨其表达水平与乳腺癌临床病理特征、微血管密度(MVD)及预后的关系.方法 应用组织芯片技术,通过免疫组化染色检测MIF在121例乳腺癌和20例乳腺良性肿瘤和20例正常乳腺组织中表达,采用抗CD34免疫组织化学技术评价乳腺癌MVD;通过SPSS对所有结果进行统计学分析.结果 MIF在121例乳腺癌组织中表达阳性为36例(29.8%),高于乳腺良性肿瘤和正常乳腺组织,MIF表达和IL-8、MVD、HER-2呈正相关,且同无瘤生存率相关.结论 MIF阳性表达提示乳腺癌预后不良,可作为评价乳腺癌预后的一项指标;MIF有可能通过促进IL-8分泌途径参与促进乳腺癌血管形成.%Objective To investigate the expression of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in breast cancer and to analyze the relationship between MIF expression and clinicopathological features,tumor microvessel density(MVD),and prognosis.Method The expression of MIF in 121 samples of breast cancer,20 samples of breast benign tumors,and 20 samples of normal breast tissues were examined by tissue microarray using immunohistoehemistry.The values of MVD in the breast cancer samples were examined by immunohistochemistry using anti-CD34.The association of MIF expression with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis was further analyzed using the computer software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 13.0.Results The MIF positive expression rate of the breast cancer tissues Was 29.8%,significantly higher than those of the benign tumors and normal breast tissue (P=0.031).MIF expression rate was positively correlated with the expression of interleukin-8(IL-8)(P=0.014),MVD (P=0.043),and HER-2 (P=0.030).The survival rate of the patients with positive MIF expression in breast tissues was 80.6%.not significantly different from that of the negative MIF expression group (87.1%,P=0.171),however

  17. Analysis of influence factors of the common adverse reactions after high -dose methotrexate chemotherapy%甲氨蝶呤化疗常见不良反应的影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王轶睿; 王捷; 安琳娜; 曹红; 武云

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the influence factors of common adverse reactions after high -dose methotrexate chemotherapy , and to provide basis for safe and rational clinical use of methotrexate.Methods Treatment protocols were referred to collaborative group of adults acute lymphoblastic leukemia ( CALLG2008 ) protocol, diagnosis and treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia recommenda-tions, Hyper -CVAD protocol , improvement Bonn protocol , BFM90 protocol.Basic information , blood routine and biochemistry tests , metho-trexate plasma concentration , MTHFR C677 T gene polymorphism detec-tion results , and adverse reactions during the chemotherapy were collect-ed, and then analyzed the impact of fixed effect factors on adverse reac-tions by non -conditional Logistic regression.Results A total of 112 cases of patients with lymphatic cancer were recruited.Mucosal lesions , bone marrow suppression and anemia were mainly adverse reactions.Occurrence of oral mucositis was affected by patients ’ gender , weight and MTHFR gene type , while the incidence of anemia and bone marrow suppression after chemotherapy was affected by patients ’ weight and MTHFR gene type.Conclusion The impact factors of adverse reactions in chemotherapy of high -dose methotrexate were complicated , conducting relevant researches on influence factors of adverse reactions can provide foundation for individualized chemotherapy of high -dose methotrexate.%目的:观察大剂量甲氨蝶呤化疗后常见不良反应的影响因素,为临床安全合理使用甲氨蝶呤提供依据。方法大剂量甲氨蝶呤治疗方案参照急性淋巴细胞白血病治疗方案( CALLG2008)、儿童急性淋巴细胞白血病诊疗建议、Hyper-CVAD方案、改良Bonn方案及BFM90方案。收集患者大剂量甲氨蝶呤化疗期间基本资料、血液学和生化常规检查、甲氨蝶呤血药浓度、MTHFR C677T基因多态性检测结果及化疗后不良反应监测结果,非条

  18. [Obesity and the prognosis of heart failure: the obesity paradox, myth or reality?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bounhoure, Jean-Paul; Galinier, Michel; Roncalli, Jerôme; Massabuau, Pierre

    2014-01-01

    Obesity has now reached epidemic proportions worldwide. Obesity is associated with numerous comorbidities, including hypertension, lipid disorders and type II diabetes, and is also a major cause of cardiovascular disease, coronary disease, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, and sudden death. Obesity is the main cause of heart failure in respectively 11% and 14% of cases in men and women. The Framingham study showed that, after correction for other risk factors, each point increase in the body mass index raises the risk of heart failure by 5% in men and 7% in women. Obesity increases the heart workload, causes left ventricular hypertrophy, and impairs both diastolic and systolic function. The most common form of heart failure is diastolic dysfunction, and heart failure in obese individuals is associated with preserved systolic function. Despite these comorbidities and the severity of heart failure, numerous studies have revealed an "obesity paradox" in which overweight and obese individuals with heart failure appear to have a better prognosis than non overweight subjects. This review summarizes the adverse cardiac effects of this nutritional disease, the results of some studies supporting the obesity paradox, the better survival rate of obese patients with heart failure. Potential explanations for these surprising data include the possibility that a number of obese patients may simply not have heart failure, as well as methodological bias, and protective effects of adipose tissue. Further studies of large populations are needed to determine how obesity may improve the prognosis of heart failure.

  19. Clarifying associations between childhood adversity, social support, behavioral factors, and mental health, health, and well-being in adulthood: A population-based study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have shown that socio-demographic factors, childhood socioeconomic status (CSES, childhood traumatic experiences (CTEs, social support and behavioural factors are associated with health and well-being in adulthood. However, the relative importance of these factors for mental health, health, and well-being has not been studied. Moreover, the mechanisms by which CTEs affect mental health, health, and well-being in adulthood are not clear. Using data from a representative sample (n=12,981 of the adult population in Tromsø, Norway, this study examines (i the relative contribution of structural conditions (gender, age, CSES, psychological abuse, physical abuse, and substance abuse distress to social support and behavioural factors in adulthood ; (ii the relative contribution of socio-demographic factors, CSES, CTEs, social support, and behavioural factors to three multi-item instruments of mental health (SCL-10, health (EQ-5D, and subjective well-being (SWLS in adulthood; (iii the impact of CTEs on mental health, health, and well-being in adulthood, and; (iv the mediating role of adult social support and behavioural factors in these associations. Instrumental support (24.16%, p<0.001 explained most of the variation in mental health, while gender (21.32%, p<0.001 explained most of the variation in health, and emotional support (23.34%, p<0.001 explained most of the variation in well-being. Psychological abuse was relatively more important for mental health (12.13%, health (7.01%, and well-being (9.09%, as compared to physical abuse, and substance abuse distress. The subjective assessment of childhood financial conditions was relatively more important for mental health (6.02%, health (10.60%, and well-being (20.60%, as compared to mother’s and father’s education. CTEs were relatively more important for mental health, while, CSES was relatively more important for health and well-being. Respondents exposed to all three types of CTEs

  20. Analysis of Prognosis and Influencing Factors of 60 Patients with Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies%60例炎症性肌病患者的预后及影响因素的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李悦; 陈博; 林婧; 罗璇; 桂梦翠; 卜碧涛

    2012-01-01

    目的:总结特发性炎症性肌病(IIM)的临床特征并分析影响IIM预后的因素.方法:分析60例IIM患者的临床资料,对临床症状、肌酶水平、生活质量等进行跟踪随访.结果:60例患者男女性别比约为1∶2;100%表现出不同程度的四肢无力,38.3%(23/60)存在吞咽困难等球麻痹症状,31.7%(19/60)出现胸闷;随访期内临床缓解率为68.0%,缓解后复发率18.0%,死亡率为10.0%;多元Logistic回归分析显示,胸闷(OR=13.20)、吞咽困难(OR=3.36)、四肢肌力(OR=2.12~3.78)、ADL评分高(OR值=1.06)是IIM预后不良的危险因素.结论:随访期间,IIM患者在临床症状及血清学指标上逐步好转;心脏疾病、肺部疾病、肿瘤等合并症发生率相对较高;伴随胸闷、吞咽困难、起病症状较重的患者预后不良.%Objective: To assess the long-time outcomes of idiopathic inflammatory myopa-thies patients and to evaluate the prognostic factors. Methods: The clinical data of 60 patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies were documented and followed up. Results: In this study, 39 patients were female and 21 were male. The patients showed the symptoms of muscle weakness (60/60), dysphagia (23/60), and chest tightness (19/60). The clinic improvement rate was 68% , the relapse rate was 18% , and mortality rate wasl0%. The Logistic regression a-nalysis showed that chest tightness (OR =13. 20), dysphagia (OR value=3. 36), limb muscle strength (OR=2. 12~3. 78) , and the ADL score (OR value = l. 06) were significantly related to prognosis. Conclusion: The majority of patients undergo good prognosis. Complications occur most commonly in patients with cancer, heart disease or lung disease. More attention should be paid to acute onset of severe symptoms, the complications such as chest tightness and dysphagia, which are associated with poor outcomes.

  1. Scientists Trace Adversity's Toll

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparks, Sarah D.

    2012-01-01

    The stress of a spelling bee or a challenging science project can enhance a student's focus and promote learning. But the stress of a dysfunctional or unstable home life can poison a child's cognitive ability for a lifetime, according to new research. Those studies show that stress forms the link between childhood adversity and poor academic…

  2. Relation of Serum Adiponectin Levels to Number of Traditional Atherosclerotic Risk Factors and All-Cause Mortality and Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (from the Copenhagen City Heart Study)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindberg, Soren; Mogelvang, Rasmus; Pedersen, Sune H;

    2013-01-01

    Adiponectin exerts anti-inflammatory and antiatherogenic effects and appears to protect against arteriosclerosis. Accordingly, an association between low concentrations of plasma adiponectin and cardiovascular (CV) disease has been demonstrated in several studies. In contrast, elevated plasma...... or nonfatal myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke (n = 502). High adiponectin was inversely associated with an increasing number of traditional CV risk factors (p...

  3. Adverse Effects of Electroconvulsive Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, Chittaranjan; Arumugham, Shyam Sundar; Thirthalli, Jagadisha

    2016-09-01

    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment commonly used for depression and other major psychiatric disorders. We discuss potential adverse effects (AEs) associated with ECT and strategies for their prevention and management. Common acute AEs include headache, nausea, myalgia, and confusion; these are self-limiting and are managed symptomatically. Serious but uncommon AEs include cardiovascular, pulmonary, and cerebrovascular events; these may be minimized with screening for risk factors and by physiologic monitoring. Although most cognitive AEs of ECT are short-lasting, troublesome retrograde amnesia may rarely persist. Modifications of and improvements in treatment techniques minimize cognitive and other AEs. PMID:27514303

  4. Treatment of LipoprostaglandinE1 and Multiple Factors of Prognosis on Sudden Hearing Loss%凯时治疗突聋的预后多因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄孟捷; 张林

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate prognostic factors and review therapeutic ef ect of lipoprostaglandinE1,on sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Methods One hundred and fourteen patients have pure tone test before and after the therapy, the standard treatment is:intravenous injection kaishi 2ml per day、dexamethasone 1.5mg ,Tanakan 40mg three times a day and Mecobalamin Tablets 0.5mg three times a day oral y for seven days. Results Initial visit after onset of the hearing loss、tinnitus,age,the severity of hearing loss are the prognostic factors. The overal recovery of lipoprostaglandinE1 is 60.5%. Conclusion Initial visit after onset of the hearing loss and tinnitus are in positive cor elation, while age and the severity of hearing loss are in negative correlation. Hearing loss of 40dB HL or less has a bet er prognosis.%目的探讨突发性耳聋(以下称突聋)预后相关因素对患者听力恢复的影响及回顾凯时(前列腺素E1)治疗突聋的疗效。方法对114例突聋患者治疗前后进行纯音听力测试,治疗药物标准为:静脉推注凯时2ml,1次/d,口服醋酸地塞米松1.5mg,3次/d,达纳康(银杏叶片)40mg,3次/d,怡神保(甲钴胺片):0.5mg,3次/d,共7d;分析年龄、性别、听力损失程度、就诊时间、伴随症状对预后的影响及治疗的总有效率和平均听阈改善情况。结果就诊时间、耳鸣、年龄、听力损失程度是突聋预后的相关因素,凯时治疗突聋的总有效率60.5豫。结论就诊时间和耳鸣与突聋预后呈正相关,年龄和听力损失程度与突聋预后呈负相关,平均听力损失≤40dB HL者,预后更好。

  5. 老年上消化道出血患者近期预后多因素分析%Risk factors for short-term prognosis in elderly patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宁

    2008-01-01

    Eighty-five elderly patients treated for the upper gastrointestinal bleeding(UGB)in our hospital between January 2000 and December 2002 were divided into death or survival group.Their clinical characteristics,risk factors,treatment and complications were retrospectively analyzed.Eighteen patients died of UGB within 30 days.Univariate analysis indicated that documented diabetes,cardiovascular disease,cerebrovascular disease,gastric ulcer,hemoglobin,arrhythmia,stomach cancer,multiple organ dysfunction syndrome(MODS),and shock were significantly associated with inhospital mortality within 30 days(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Stomach cancer,MODS,and shock entered into the Logistic regression model.These findings demonstrate that stomach cancer,MODS,and shock might be independent risk factors for short-term prognosis in elderly UGB patients.%将2000年1月至2007年12月期间收住我院≥60岁的上消化道出血患者85例分为病死组(18例,出血30 d内死亡)与存活组(67例),对比分析患者的病史、临床表现、并发症等特点,探讨近期死亡的影响因素.结果 显示病死组心脑血管病、糖尿病、胃溃疡、血红蛋白、心律失常、胃癌、多器官功能障碍综合征(MODS)、休克者比例较多(P<0.05或P<0.01),最终进入logistic回归模型的因素有胃癌、MODS、休克.提示胃癌、MODS、休克并存是≥60岁老年上消化道出血患者近期预后的独立危险因素.

  6. Adverse Stress, Hippocampal Networks, and Alzheimer's Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Rothman, Sarah M.; Mattson, Mark P.

    2009-01-01

    Recent clinical data have implicated chronic adverse stress as a potential risk factor in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and data also suggest that normal, physiological stress responses may be impaired in AD. It is possible that pathology associated with AD causes aberrant responses to chronic stress, due to potential alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Recent work in rodent models of AD suggests that chronic adverse stress exacerbates the cognitive def...

  7. Reported health, lifestyles, and use of health care of first generation immigrants in The Netherlands: do socioeconomic factors explain their adverse position?

    OpenAIRE

    Reijneveld, S.A.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Differences in health, lifestyles, and use of health care between groups of varying ethnic origin can have important implications for preventive and curative health care. This paper studies whether socioeconomic factors explain ethnic differences in these outcomes. DESIGN: Data on health status, lifestyles, and use of health care were obtained from interviews with 3296 people aged 16-64 years (response: 60.6%), among whom were 848 first generation immigrants. Ethnic differenc...

  8. 重症急性肾功能衰竭预后影响因素分析%Analysis of risk factors determining prognosis of 100 critically ill patients with severe acute renal failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王涌; 向晶; 马志芳; 张冬; 孙雪峰; 陈香美

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解影响重症急性肾功能衰竭患者预后的主要危险因素.方法 总结2008年1月至2009年12月解放军总医院收治的进行肾脏替代治疗的100例重症急性肾功能衰竭患者的临床数据,采用APACHEⅡ评分评估患者病情严重程度,SOFA评分评估患者重要器官功能,采用单因素分析和多因素Logistic回归方法分析影响患者肾功能恢复的因素,应用Kaplan-Meier 生存分析和COX比例风险模型分析患者累积存活率和影响患者生存的主要因素.结果 伴有呼吸衰竭的患者存活率低于无呼吸衰竭患者(P=0.016);肝脏SOFA积分≥2的患者存活率低于肝脏SOFA积分<2患者(P=0.011);APACHE Ⅱ评分>25的患者存活率明显低于APACHⅡ评分≤25患者(P=0.001) APACHE Ⅱ评分是影响患者病死率的因素(P<0.01,95%CI:1.048~1.076).结论 APACHⅡ评分高低是影响重症急性肾功能衰竭惠者肾功能恢复和最终死亡的主要因素,避免呼吸衰竭、脓毒症的发生及肝功能的恶化,有利于降低患者病死率.%Objective To learn risk factors associated with prognosis of critically ill patients with severe acute renal failure (sARF). Methods Clinical records of 100 patients with acute renal failure performed renal replacement therapy (RRT) were collected and patients were prospectively followed up for 3 ~ 320 days. Severity of illness was assessed using the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) Ⅱ score and Sepsisrelated Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score. Univariate analysis and multivariable Logistic regression model were developed to assess factors associated with recovery of renal function. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazard model were developed to assess factors affecting survival rate of patients. Results Lower APACHE Ⅱ score and SOFA score of liver≥2 were independently associated with renal recovery in the multivariate analysis( P <0. 05). Survival rate of

  9. Risk factors and prognosis of delirium in patients with mechanical ventilation%机械通气患者谵妄高危因素及预后分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鹏; 吴慧娟; 余慧; 徐颖鹤; 张胜; 章华萍; 陈文泽; 郑贞苍; 张超; 王锦栋

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the risk factors and prognosis of delirium in patients with mechanical ventilation. Methods Consecutive patients with mechanical ventilation were divided into the delirium group and the non-delirium group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze risk factors of delirium. 90-day survival rate between the two groups was compared by Log-rank test. Results Total 306 cases in 472 cases suffered from delirium, the incidence of delirium was 64.83%. Higher APACHE II score, prolonged mechanical ventilation, older age and midazolam sedation were independent high risk factors of delirium while programmed sedation was the protective factor. 90-day survival rate were 62.75%in the delirium group and 86.75%in the non-delirium group, the difference was statistically significant(χ2=15.27, P<0.05). 90-day survival rate were 77.50% in hyperergy delirium group and 57.52% in hypoergia and hybrid delirium groups, the difference was statistically significant (χ2=8.70,P<0.05). Conclusion The incidence rate of delirium is rela-tively higher in patients with mechanical ventilation. Higher APACHE Ⅱ score, prolonged mechanical ventilation, older age and midazolam sedation were independent high risk factors of delirium. 90-day survival rate would be decreased by delirium.%目的:分析机械通气患者谵妄的发生率、高危因素及预后情况。方法472例机械通气患者根据是否谵妄分为谵妄组和非谵妄组,采用多因素回归分析谵妄发生的高危因素,采用log-rank检验比较两组患者90 d生存率。结果472例入选患者中有306例发生谵妄,谵妄发生率为64.83%。高APACHEⅡ评分、机械通气时间延长、高龄及咪达唑仑针镇静是谵妄的危险因素,程序性镇静是谵妄的保护因素。谵妄组90 d生存率为62.75%,非谵妄组为86.75%,两组比较差异具有统计学差异(χ2=15.27,P<0.05)。高反应性谵妄组90 d生存率为77.50%,低反应

  10. Risk factors affecting the prognosis of adult cardiogenic shock patients treated with extracnrporeal membrane oxygenation%影响体外膜肺氧合救治成人心源性休克预后的因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯六生; 谢钢; 蒋崇慧; 袁勇; 李斌飞; 郑伟华; 宁晔; 赵双彪

    2012-01-01

    Objective To find out risk factors affecting the prognosis of adult cardiogenic shock patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.Methods From January 2003 to December 2010,patients with cardiogenic shock required veno-arterial ECMO after failure of conventional therapy and intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation therapy were retrospectively studied. Patients with severe traumatic brain injury,advanced malignancies and multiple organ failure were excluded.All patients were divided into survival group and death group.The risk factors were found out using one-way ANOVA and a multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine independent factors associated with survival.Results Thirty-one patients successfully weaned from ECMO. Twenty-two patients were successfully discharged.The average duration of ECMO was 41.56 ± 43.07 hours.Factors associated with failure of hospital discharge were age,pre-ECMO levels of ejection fraction,pre-ECMO levels of lactate,disseminated intravascular coagulation,renal failure and multiorgan failure (P < 0.05). Conclusions Irreversible heart failure and the complications are significantly correlated with survival,and the early use of ECMO for cardiogenic shock and recognize the factors are key to the success of ECMO treatment.%目的 总结中山大学附属中山医院体外膜肺氧合(extracorporeal membrane oxygenation,ECMO)在成人心源性休克(cardiogenic shock,CS)中的临床救治经验,分析影响患者预后的危险因素.方法 回顾性分析中山大学附属中山医院2003年1月至2010年12月因药物和(或)主动脉内球囊反搏无效而行ECMO辅助的CS患者的临床资料,将合并严重颅脑损伤、晚期恶性肿瘤及多脏器功能衰竭的患者排除在外,据出院时的预后将其分为康复出院组与院内死亡组,先通过组间单因素分析筛选出影响预后的可能危险因素,再通过多因素Logistic回归分析确定影响预

  11. 感染性心内膜炎患者临床特征与预后影响因素分析%Clinical characteristics and influencing factors of prognosis of infective endocarditis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张苑; 任鹏涛; 杨婧; 刘婷婷; 闫庆辉; 张国建

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of infective endocarditis ,so as to provide basis for improving the prognosis of patients with endocarditis .METHODS A total of 900 patients with infective endocarditis in the hospital from Jan .2010 to Dec .2014 were selected ,and their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed .Clinical characteristics of the patients and their performance were analyzed .The prognos‐tic factors were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses ,the results were statistically analyzed by using SPSS 20 .0 software .RESULTS Totally 869 patients had underlying heart diseases among the 900 patients with infective endocarditis ,accounting for 96 .56% .The univariate analysis showed artificial valve , fever ≥39 ℃ ,hypersensitive C‐reactive protein ≥60 mg/L ,hemoglobin <90 g/L ,serum albumin <30 g/L and surgical treatment were the related prognostic factors (P< 0 .05) .The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hemoglobin <90 g/L ,serum albumin <30g/L and surgical treatment were the independent prognos‐tic factors (P<0 .05) .CONCLUSION The results show that most patients with infective endocarditis have under‐lying heart diseases ,the majority of patients have normal ECG .Levels of hemoglobin and serum albumin as well as surgical treatment are prognostic risk factors in infective endocarditis .%目的:探讨感染性心内膜炎患者的临床特征及预后影响因素,为提高心内膜炎患者预后提供参考依据。方法回顾性分析2010年1月-2014年12月医院收治的900例感染性心内膜炎患者临床资料,分析患者的临床特征及表现,预后影响因素进行单因素及多因素logistic回归分析,结果采用SPSS 20.0软件进行统计分析。结果900例感染性心内膜炎患者中有基础心脏疾病患者869例占96.56%;单因素分析显示,人工瓣膜、发热≥39

  12. Risk factors and adverse perinatal outcomes among term and preterm infants born small-for-gestational-age: secondary analyses of the WHO Multi-Country Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Ota

    Full Text Available Small for gestational age (SGA is not only a major indicator of perinatal mortality and morbidity, but also the morbidity risks in later in life. We aim to estimate the association between the birth of SGA infants and the risk factors and adverse perinatal outcomes among twenty-nine countries in Africa, Latin America, the Middle East and Asia in 359 health facilities in 2010-11.We analysed facility-based, cross-sectional data from the WHO Multi-country Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health. We constructed multilevel logistic regression models with random effects for facilities and countries to estimate the risk factors for SGA infants using country-specific birthweight reference standards in preterm and term delivery, and SGA's association with adverse perinatal outcomes. We compared the risks and adverse perinatal outcomes with appropriate for gestational age (AGA infants categorized by preterm and term delivery.A total of 295,829 singleton infants delivered were analysed. The overall prevalence of SGA was highest in Cambodia (18.8%, Nepal (17.9%, the Occupied Palestinian Territory (16.1%, and Japan (16.0%, while the lowest was observed in Afghanistan (4.8%, Uganda (6.6% and Thailand (9.7%. The risk of preterm SGA infants was significantly higher among nulliparous mothers and mothers with chronic hypertension and preeclampsia/eclampsia (aOR: 2.89; 95% CI: 2.55-3.28 compared with AGA infants. Higher risks of term SGA were observed among sociodemographic factors and women with preeclampsia/eclampsia, anaemia and other medical conditions. Multiparity (> = 3 (AOR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.83-0.92 was a protective factor for term SGA. The risk of perinatal mortality was significantly higher in preterm SGA deliveries in low to high HDI countries.Preterm SGA is associated with medical conditions related to preeclampsia, but not with sociodemographic status. Term SGA is associated with sociodemographic status and various medical conditions.

  13. 非ST段抬高心肌梗死预后的影响因素分析%Investigation of factors influencing prognosis of patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘广彬; 彭永平; 江时森

    2011-01-01

    important baseline determinants of short-term outcome were age,heart failure,renal insufficiency and aspirin;the most important baseline determinants of long-term outcomes were age,heart failure,renal insufficiency,aspirin and early PCI. Determinants of mortality were also predictors of death or myocardial infarction. Conclusion Patients with NSTEMI have poor outcomes. Age,heart failure and renal insufficiency are most important risk factors;while aspirin is an important protective factor,early PCI can significantly improve long-term prognosis of patients.

  14. Adverse reactions to cosmetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dogra A

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Adverse reaction to cosmetics constitute a small but significant number of cases of contact dermatitis with varied appearances. These can present as contact allergic dermatitis, photodermatitis, contact irritant dermatitis, contact urticaria, hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentotion or depigmentation, hair and nail breakage. Fifty patients were included for the study to assess the role of commonly used cosmetics in causing adverse reactions. It was found that hair dyes, lipsticks and surprisingly shaving creams caused more reaction as compared to other cosmetics. Overall incidence of contact allergic dermatitis seen was 3.3% with patients own cosmetics. Patch testing was also done with the basic ingredients and showed positive results in few cases where casual link could be established. It is recommended that labeling of the cosmetics should be done to help the dermatologists and the patients to identify the causative allergen in cosmetic preparation.

  15. Adverse effects of benzodiazepines

    OpenAIRE

    Claire Gudex

    1990-01-01

    The growing realisation that the benzodiazepines have potential for causing serious harm has caused concern due to their wide and common use. This has stimulated interest in the costs and benefits of their use. This paper is a review of the adverse effects of benzodiazepines, and concentrates on four areas of particular concern: drug dependence which the consequent withdrawal symptoms; psychological effects while on the drugs; use by the elderly’ and tolerance to the drug effects. Although th...

  16. Correlation between related factors and prognosis of the hypertensive cerebral hemorrhagepatients with cerebro-car-diac syndrome%高血压性脑出血并发脑-心综合征与预后的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐兵; 邓发斌; 陈淳; 周宇; 郭川; 史阳; 孙杰; 张晓东

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨高血压性脑出血并发脑-心综合征影响因素及与预后的关系.方法 纳入2007年6月~2011年6月来我院就诊的脑出血并发脑-心综合征患者,共纳入脑出血并发脑.心综合征患者87例,以同期就诊的脑出血未并发脑-心综合征患者为对照,对照组141例.比较两组患者之间临床指标的差异;并分析脑出血并发脑-心综合征患者的预后相关因素.结果 与脑出血未并发脑-心综合征患者相比,脑出血并发脑-心综合征病患者年龄较大(P<0.05).GCS评分较低(Pprognosis of the hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage patients with ce re bro-cardiac syndrome. Methods Clinical data of 228 hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage patients were divided into 2 groups; hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage group and hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage with cere bro-cardiac syndrome group. Results In cerebro-cardiac syndrome group, patients were higher complication and higher death rates. Conclusion Cerebro-cardiac syndrome is the risk factors of hypertension cerebral hemorrhage patients progonsis

  17. Fructose Containing Sugars at Normal Levels of Consumption Do Not Effect Adversely Components of the Metabolic Syndrome and Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelopoulos, Theodore J; Lowndes, Joshua; Sinnett, Stephanie; Rippe, James M

    2016-01-01

    The objective of the current study was to explore our hypothesis that average consumption of fructose and fructose containing sugars would not increase risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the metabolic syndrome (MetS). A randomized, double blind, parallel group study was conducted where 267 individuals with BMI between 23 and 35 kg/m² consumed low fat sugar sweetened milk, daily for ten weeks as part of usual weight-maintenance diet. One group consumed 18% of calories from high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), another group consumed 18% of calories from sucrose, a third group consumed 9% of calories from fructose, and the fourth group consumed 9% of calories from glucose. There was a small change in waist circumference (80.9 ± 9.5 vs. 81.5 ± 9.5 cm) in the entire cohort, as well as in total cholesterol (4.6 ± 1.0 vs. 4.7 ± 1.0 mmol/L, p < 0.01), triglycerides (TGs) (11.5 ± 6.4 vs. 12.6 ± 8.9 mmol/L, p < 0.01), and systolic (109.2 ± 10.2 vs. 106.1 ± 10.4 mmHg, p < 0.01) and diastolic blood pressure (69.8 ± 8.7 vs. 68.1 ± 9.7 mmHg, p < 0.01). The effects of commonly consumed sugars on components of the MetS and CVD risk factors are minimal, mixed and not clinically significant. PMID:27023594

  18. Fructose Containing Sugars at Normal Levels of Consumption Do Not Effect Adversely Components of the Metabolic Syndrome and Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelopoulos, Theodore J.; Lowndes, Joshua; Sinnett, Stephanie; Rippe, James M.

    2016-01-01

    The objective of the current study was to explore our hypothesis that average consumption of fructose and fructose containing sugars would not increase risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the metabolic syndrome (MetS). A randomized, double blind, parallel group study was conducted where 267 individuals with BMI between 23 and 35 kg/m2 consumed low fat sugar sweetened milk, daily for ten weeks as part of usual weight-maintenance diet. One group consumed 18% of calories from high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), another group consumed 18% of calories from sucrose, a third group consumed 9% of calories from fructose, and the fourth group consumed 9% of calories from glucose. There was a small change in waist circumference (80.9 ± 9.5 vs. 81.5 ± 9.5 cm) in the entire cohort, as well as in total cholesterol (4.6 ± 1.0 vs. 4.7 ± 1.0 mmol/L, p < 0.01), triglycerides (TGs) (11.5 ± 6.4 vs. 12.6 ± 8.9 mmol/L, p < 0.01), and systolic (109.2 ± 10.2 vs. 106.1 ± 10.4 mmHg, p < 0.01) and diastolic blood pressure (69.8 ± 8.7 vs. 68.1 ± 9.7 mmHg, p < 0.01). The effects of commonly consumed sugars on components of the MetS and CVD risk factors are minimal, mixed and not clinically significant. PMID:27023594

  19. Fructose Containing Sugars at Normal Levels of Consumption Do Not Effect Adversely Components of the Metabolic Syndrome and Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theodore J. Angelopoulos

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the current study was to explore our hypothesis that average consumption of fructose and fructose containing sugars would not increase risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD and the metabolic syndrome (MetS. A randomized, double blind, parallel group study was conducted where 267 individuals with BMI between 23 and 35 kg/m2 consumed low fat sugar sweetened milk, daily for ten weeks as part of usual weight-maintenance diet. One group consumed 18% of calories from high fructose corn syrup (HFCS, another group consumed 18% of calories from sucrose, a third group consumed 9% of calories from fructose, and the fourth group consumed 9% of calories from glucose. There was a small change in waist circumference (80.9 ± 9.5 vs. 81.5 ± 9.5 cm in the entire cohort, as well as in total cholesterol (4.6 ± 1.0 vs. 4.7 ± 1.0 mmol/L, p < 0.01, triglycerides (TGs (11.5 ± 6.4 vs. 12.6 ± 8.9 mmol/L, p < 0.01, and systolic (109.2 ± 10.2 vs. 106.1 ± 10.4 mmHg, p < 0.01 and diastolic blood pressure (69.8 ± 8.7 vs. 68.1 ± 9.7 mmHg, p < 0.01. The effects of commonly consumed sugars on components of the MetS and CVD risk factors are minimal, mixed and not clinically significant.

  20. 父源因素对胎儿生长发育的不良影响研究进展%Advances of the Adverse Effects of Paternal Factors on Fetal Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周梦林; 应俊; 陈丹青

    2015-01-01

    The fetal development is closely related with the adverse pregnancy outcomes such as miscarriage, dystocia, congenital malformation, premature baby, low weight baby and so on. It is also a potential predictor of the fetal origin of some adult diseases. Most of the researches on the risk factors affecting fetal development were focused on the mother origin in recent years. The risk factors of father origin can be classified into two groups: the heredity-related factors such as age, diseases, somatotype, lifestyle and environmental exposure which could disturb the integrity of genomics of father origin or the genomic expression; the social and environmental factors such as psychological state, occupation and income which could mainly affect maternal pregnancy environment and life quality. Two kinds of factors can result in abnormal fetal development in uterus, which is related to adverse outcomes of pregnancy. It is benefit for the fetal development and the infant and adult health to offer genetic counseling to those couples with high-risk factors.%胎儿在宫内的生长发育不仅与流产、难产、畸形、早产、低体质量儿等不良妊娠结局密切相关,而且能用于评估成年期罹患某些疾病的风险。近年国内外关于胎儿生长发育的研究大多关注的是母源因素,对父源因素的研究相对较少。父亲影响胎儿发育的主要因素可以分为两类,即包括年龄、疾病、体型、生活方式、暴露环境在内的遗传因素和以心理状态、职业、经济收入为代表的社会环境因素,前者直接影响父源基因的完整性和表达情况,而后者主要影响母体的生活环境和生活质量,这两类因素的不良发展均可能导致胎儿在宫内的生长发育发生异常,从而出现各种不良妊娠结局。

  1. Analysis of the prognosis-related factors and therapy for elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma%老年弥漫性大B细胞淋巴瘤预后因素及治疗分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈琳; 王振荣; 张洪娣; 沙颖豪; 谢彦晖

    2013-01-01

    Objective To discuss the prognosis-related factors for elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and survival analysis of different therapy. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data from 72 elderly patients with initial diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The evaluable 64 cases were eligible. The parameters included gender, age, clinical stage, B symptom, ECOG performance status (ECOG-PS), extra lymphnodes invasion, serum level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), hemoglobin level, international prognostic index (IPI). The survival analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression model were conducted. To We also compared the survival of 34 patients who received 3-week CHOP chemotherapy and 30 patients 3-week R-CHOP chemotherapy. Results The median follow-up of the total study population was 40.3 months. The estimated 2-year overall survival (OS) of all patients was 67.43%, the estimated 3-year OS was 49.89%. In the multivariate analysis that include age, clinical stage, ECOG-PS, IPI were the independent factor predicting overall survival (P< 0.05). The estimated 2-year OS (53.3% vs 72.1%, P< 0.05) and 3-year OS (39.2%vs60.8%, P< 0.05) had significant difference between CHOP and R-CHOP group. Conclusion Age, clinical stage, ECOG-PS, IPI were independent predictive and prognostic factor in elderly patients with DLBCL. R-CHOP chemotherapy has more advantages than CHOP chemotherapy in survival.%目的 探讨老年弥漫性大B细胞淋巴瘤(DLBCL)预后因素,不同治疗方案对其生存的影响.方法 回顾性分析72例初发老年DLBCL的性别、年龄、临床分期、B症状、ECOG-PS评分、结外病灶、血清LDH水平、血红蛋白水平、IPI评分与预后的相关性,其中可评价的为64例.比较接受3周CHOP方案34例和接受3周R-CHOP方案30例的生存情况.结果 老年DLBCL患者中位生存期40.3个月,2年OS率67.43%,3年OS率49.89%.多因素分析显示年龄、ECOG-PS、临床分期、IPI评分是影响老

  2. Function of ERF Transcription Factors in Plant Adverse Environmental Stresses%植物ERFs类转录因子在逆境胁迫中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李聪; 郭天麒; 梁小红; 王英博; 韩烈保

    2011-01-01

    Ethylene responsive factors(ERFs)是植物中特有的一类重要的转录因子.ERFs转录因子含有一段高度保守的DNA结合区域,被称之为ERF区域.ERFs类转录因子可以直接与GCC-box等启动子结合,从而转录激活功能基因的表达,调节植株的抗性应答.它们参与植物的生长发育、代谢、生物胁迫和非生物胁迫相关的应答过程,并且在水杨酸和脱落酸和茉莉酸信号转导途径中发挥一定的作用,调控植物多个信号转导途径.现针对ERFs类转录因子在植物逆境胁迫中的研究进展进行讨论.

  3. Social inhibition modulates the effect of negative emotions on cardiac prognosis following percutaneous coronary intervention in the drug-eluting stent era

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Denollet, Johan; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Ong, Andrew T L;

    2006-01-01

    Negative emotions have an adverse effect on cardiac prognosis. We investigated whether social inhibition (inhibited self-expression in social interaction) modulates the effect of negative emotions on clinical outcome following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)....

  4. 影响毛细血管渗漏综合征预后的因素分析%Influence factors on prognosis of the patients with capillary leak syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏俊; 王锦权; 陶晓根; 刘宝; 莫宝定; 张霖

    2012-01-01

    Objective To discuss influence factors on prognosis of the patients with capillary leak syndrome (CLS) in ICU.Methods The clinical data of 191 patients with CLS in ICU were reviewed,and the patients were divided into three groups according to prognosis:death group ( n =37),cured group ( n =132) and non-healed group (n =22).The clinical data of death group were compared with those of cured group at admission,during the course of CLS and before discharging from hospital.Results Compared with the cured group,the central venous pressure and serum albumin decreased ( P < 0.01 ) ; anion gap,triglycerides,pressure adjusted heart rate (PAHR) and oxygenation index were lower ( P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) ; serum glucose and SIRS score increased ( P < 0.01 ) in death group.There was higher rate of poor renal function at admission in death group than that in other groups ( P < 0.01 ).There were more many patients treated with intravenous administration of hydroxyethyl starch,ulinastatin and continuous blood filtration therapy in cured group than those in other groups ( P < 0.05).Conclusions The factors influencing the outcomes of the patients with CLS were hypovolemia,severe hypoproteinemia,interior milieu disorder,malnutrition,hypoxemia,renal injury and severe systemic inflammatory response.The outcomes of patients with CLS in ICU could be improved by using hydroxyethyl starch,ulinastatin and continuous blood filtration therapy.%目的 探讨影响毛细血管渗漏综合征(CLS)患者预后的相关因素.方法 对安徽省立医院重症医学科收治的191例出现CLS患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析,按疾病转归将患者分为3组:死亡组37例,治愈组132例,未愈组22例.将治愈组和死亡组患者在入院时、出现CLS时和出院前的各项临床资料进行比较,探寻影响患者预后的相关因素.结果 与治愈组比较,死亡组患者的中心静脉压、血清白蛋白明显降低(P<0.01),阴离子间隙、甘油三酯、压

  5. Prognosis Among Healthy Individuals Discharged With a Primary Diagnosis of Syncope

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruwald, Martin Huth; Hansen, Morten Lock; Lamberts, Morten;

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine the risk of major cardiac adverse events and death in a nationwide cohort of patients without previous comorbidity admitted for syncope. BACKGROUND: Syncope is a common clinical event, but knowledge of prognosis is not fully elucidated in healthy individual...

  6. Cardiac adverse effects of naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal on right ventricle: Role of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) 1 receptor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Navarro-Zaragoza, J.; Martínez-Laorden, E.; Mora, L.; Hidalgo, J.; Milanés, M.V.; Laorden, M.L., E-mail: laorden@um.es

    2014-02-15

    Opioid addiction is associated with cardiovascular disease. However, mechanisms linking opioid addiction and cardiovascular disease remain unclear. This study investigated the role of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) 1 receptor in mediating somatic signs and the behavioural states produced during withdrawal from morphine dependence. Furthermore, it studied the efficacy of CRF1 receptor antagonist, CP-154,526 to prevent the cardiac sympathetic activity induced by morphine withdrawal. In addition, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) phosphorylation pathways were evaluated. Like stress, morphine withdrawal induced an increase in the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis activity and an enhancement of noradrenaline (NA) turnover. Pre-treatment with CRF1 receptor antagonist significantly reduced morphine withdrawal-induced increases in plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) levels, NA turnover and TH phosphorylation at Ser31 in the right ventricle. In addition, CP-154,526 reduced the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) after naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal. In addition, CP-154,526 attenuated the increases in body weight loss during morphine treatment and suppressed some of morphine withdrawal signs. Altogether, these results support the idea that cardiac sympathetic pathways are activated in response to naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal suggesting that treatment with a CRF1 receptor antagonist before morphine withdrawal would prevent the development of stress-induced behavioural and autonomic dysfunction in opioid addicts. - Highlights: • Morphine withdrawal caused an increase in myocardial sympathetic activity. • ERK regulates TH phosphorylation after naloxone-induced morphine withdrawal. • CRF1R is involved in cardiac adaptive changes during morphine dependence.

  7. Cardiac adverse effects of naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal on right ventricle: Role of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) 1 receptor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Opioid addiction is associated with cardiovascular disease. However, mechanisms linking opioid addiction and cardiovascular disease remain unclear. This study investigated the role of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) 1 receptor in mediating somatic signs and the behavioural states produced during withdrawal from morphine dependence. Furthermore, it studied the efficacy of CRF1 receptor antagonist, CP-154,526 to prevent the cardiac sympathetic activity induced by morphine withdrawal. In addition, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) phosphorylation pathways were evaluated. Like stress, morphine withdrawal induced an increase in the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis activity and an enhancement of noradrenaline (NA) turnover. Pre-treatment with CRF1 receptor antagonist significantly reduced morphine withdrawal-induced increases in plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) levels, NA turnover and TH phosphorylation at Ser31 in the right ventricle. In addition, CP-154,526 reduced the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) after naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal. In addition, CP-154,526 attenuated the increases in body weight loss during morphine treatment and suppressed some of morphine withdrawal signs. Altogether, these results support the idea that cardiac sympathetic pathways are activated in response to naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal suggesting that treatment with a CRF1 receptor antagonist before morphine withdrawal would prevent the development of stress-induced behavioural and autonomic dysfunction in opioid addicts. - Highlights: • Morphine withdrawal caused an increase in myocardial sympathetic activity. • ERK regulates TH phosphorylation after naloxone-induced morphine withdrawal. • CRF1R is involved in cardiac adaptive changes during morphine dependence

  8. Prognosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Myers, Jonathan; Brawner, Clinton A; Haykowsky, Mark J F;

    2015-01-01

    benefits of exercise and the mechanisms underlying these benefits. Studies on the outcome benefits of exercise training, including mortality and hospitalization, have been convincing. This article reviews the physiologic benefits of exercise training in HF, studies on exercise training in women, results......Patients with heart failure (HF) were once discouraged from participating in exercise programs because of concerns regarding safety and the potential for harm to an already damaged myocardium. However, studies over the last 3 decades have provided extensive insights into both the health outcome...

  9. Vaccine adverse events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Follows, Jill

    2012-01-01

    Millions of adults are vaccinated annually against the seasonal influenza virus. An undetermined number of individuals will develop adverse events to the influenza vaccination. Those who suffer substantiated vaccine injuries, disabilities, and aggravated conditions may file a timely, no-fault and no-cost petition for financial compensation under the National Vaccine Act in the Vaccine Court. The elements of a successful vaccine injury claim are described in the context of a claim showing the seasonal influenza vaccination was the cause of Guillain-Barré syndrome.

  10. [Adverse events prevention ability].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aparo, Ugo Luigi; Aparo, Andrea

    2007-03-01

    The issue of how to address medical errors is the key to improve the health care system performances. Operational evidence collected in the last five years shows that the solution is only partially linked to future technological developments. Cultural and organisational changes are mandatory to help to manage and drastically reduce the adverse events in health care organisations. Classical management, merely based on coordination and control, is inadequate. Proactive, self-organising network based structures must be put in place and managed using adaptive, fast evolving management tools. PMID:17484160

  11. 儿童期急性白血病合并水痘的特点及其高危预后因素的临床分析%Clinical features of chickenpox and high risk factors of prognosis in childhood cases with acute lymphocytic leukemia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾慧慧; 程澄; 陈志海; 李兴旺

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析儿童期急性淋巴细胞白血病(ALL)合并水痘的临床特点,探讨与预后相关的高危临床因素。方法对2008年1月1日~2014年12月31日首都医科大学附属北京地坛医院感染中心收治的儿童期ALL合并水痘的患儿及同期随机普通水痘患儿的临床资料进行回顾性对照分析。结果仅5例(31.25%)儿童期ALL患儿合并水痘有明确水痘接触史。13例(81.25%)儿童期ALL患儿合并水痘临床表现为高热,较普通水痘患儿热程长,为(7.38±3.32)d(t =5.575,P <0.05);皮疹结痂时间较长,为(10.92±2.50)d(t=4.928,P<0.05)。100%患儿出现骨髓抑制,其中10例(62.50%)患儿出现粒细胞缺乏,7例(43.75%)出现血小板减少;8例(50.00%)患儿肝功能异常。儿童期ALL患儿合并水痘经抗病毒、对症支持等治疗,临床治愈11例,自动出院4例,死亡1例。儿童期ALL患儿合并水痘临床表现危重和最终死亡者,具有应用静脉药物化疗方案治疗、化疗中或完成静脉化疗1周内罹患水痘、所有病例均出现骨髓抑制粒细胞缺乏且持续较长时间[(10.08±2.77) d]等特点。结论儿童期ALL患儿合并水痘具有临床症状持续时间长、并发骨髓抑制粒细胞减少等特点,经积极抗病毒及对症支持治疗后预后良好。应用静脉药物化疗中或完成化疗1周内罹患水痘、持续性粒细胞缺乏是与儿童期ALL患儿并发水痘预后不良的临床相关因素。%Objective To investigate the clinical features of chickenpox and the high risk factors of the prognosis in childhood patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Methods The clinical characteristics of chickenpox in childhood ALL patients hospitalized in Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, from January 1st, 2008 to December 31st, 2014 were studied, retrospectively, and the features of random ordinary children onset chickenpox

  12. Stage classification and prognosis: an intersection of medicine, quantum physics and religion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Detterbeck, Frank C

    2011-11-01

    Estimating prognosis is an important part of caring for patients with cancer. However, predicting prognosis is complicated and depends on many factors. Simply amassing more data alone is not the answer; we have to learn to intellectually manage the inherent complexity and uncertainty if we are to make progress.

  13. Long-term prognosis of acute back pain in patients seen in general practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schiøttz-Christensen, Berit; Nielsen, Gunnar Lauge; Hansen, Vivian Kjær;

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the prognosis of acute low back pain (LBP) in patients in general practice and to identify prognostic factors associated with the long-term prognosis based on information immediately available to the GP. METHOD: We conducted a prospective cohort study in general...

  14. Long-term prognosis of acute low back pain in patients seen in general practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schiøttz-Christensen, Berit; Nielsen, G L; Hansen, V K;

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the prognosis of acute low back pain (LBP) in patients in general practice and to identify prognostic factors associated with the long-term prognosis based on information immediately available to the GP. METHOD: We conducted a prospective cohort study in general...

  15. 肝内胆汁淤积症患者围生儿预后不良因素分析%Analysis of perinatal poor prognosis factor in patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of perinatal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘娟; 陈雄; 汪宇平; 金玉珍; 吴颖

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨影响肝内胆汁淤积症(intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy,ICP)患者围生儿预后的相关因素.为临床采取恰当的分娩方式和选择适时的手术时机提供可靠依据.方法:随机抽取我院2009年1月-2012年4月发生胎儿窘迫50例与未发生胎儿窘迫的ICP患者50例瘙痒出现孕周、天冬氨酸转氨酶、总胆红素、血清总胆汁酸、脐血流、胎心监护、分娩方式、及新生儿吸入性肺炎、新生儿窒息(Apgar评分)、围生儿死亡率、早产率、小于胎龄儿发生率等进行对比分析,探讨影响ICP患者围生儿预后的因素.结果:发生胎儿窘迫的ICP患者脐血流(S/D值)异常升高及产前胎心监护NST评分、血清总胆汁酸水平、早产率明显高于未发生胎儿窘迫的ICP患者(P<0.05),但瘙痒出现的孕周及AL T、血清总胆红素值,两组间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).前组新生儿吸入性肺炎、新生儿窒息、围生儿死亡率均较对照组高,其差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);两组小于胎龄儿发生率无明显差异,无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:脐血流S/D值及血清总胆汁酸、NST评分与ICP患者胎儿窘迫有关,致使新生儿早产率、吸入性肺炎、新生儿窒息、围生儿死亡率均升高,而瘙痒出现的孕周、AL T水平、血清总胆红素水平与之无关.妊娠期ICP严重影响围生儿的预后,应做到早期诊断、早期治疗,适时终止妊娠,降低ICP对围生儿的危害.%Objective:To study the factors influencing the perinatal prognosis in patients with intrahepatic cho-testasis of pregnancy (ICP) and to provide a reliable basis for taking appropriate mode of delivery and choosing timely moment of surgery. Methods: 50 ICP cases with fetal distress and 50 ICP cases without fetal distress were randomly selected in our hospital from January 2009 to April 2012. The comparative analysis about itching gestational age, aspartate aminotransferase, total

  16. Meta analysis on risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcome in China%影响中国妇女不良妊娠结局相关危险因素的Meta 分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓燕; 郝培培

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过 Meta 分析探讨影响中国妇女不良妊娠结局的危险因素。方法采用 Meta 分析的方法,对2010年1月至2015年1月国内有关不良妊娠结局的影响因素文献进行综合分析,根据纳入与排除标准,共检索到124篇文献,通过阅读题目及摘要,初筛得到文献38篇,通过仔细阅读全文,排除24篇,最终纳入14篇文献,研究这14篇文献的6项影响因素对妊娠结局的影响程度进行 Meta 分析,并进行综合定量评价,以期提高对不良妊娠结局危险因素的认识,为制定预防措施提供依据。结果胎位异常与不良妊娠结局存在强关联,为危险因素。而产妇有流产史与不良妊娠结局的发生无关联。多胎妊娠、梅毒感染与不良妊娠结局存在强关联,妊娠期高血压疾病与不良妊娠结局存在中等关联。胎位异常的 OR 值为3.48(2.70~4.43),流产史的 OR 值为1.14(0.90~91.44),妊娠期高血压疾病的 OR 值为2.88(1.69~4.92),多胎的OR 值为6.40(2.05~20.01),梅毒感染的 OR 值为5.54(1.64~18.64)。结论不良妊娠结局的危险因素由强到弱依次为:多胎妊娠、梅毒感染、胎位异常和妊娠期高血压疾病。%Objective To investigate the risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcome of women in China by Meta analysis.Methods Meta analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes from January 2010 to January 2015.According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,124 articles were retrieved,and 38 articles were excluded.14 papers were included in this study.Results There was strong correlation between fetal abnormalities and adverse pregnancy outcomes.And the maternal history of abortion and adverse pregnancy outcomes were not related.There was strong association between multiple pregnancy,syphilis infection and adverse pregnancy outcome,and there was moderate

  17. Adverse effects of antioxidative vitamins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutkowski, Maciej; Grzegorczyk, Krzysztof

    2012-06-01

    High doses of synthetic antioxidative vitamins: A, E, C and β-carotene are often used on long-term basis in numerous preventive and therapeutic medical applications. Instead of expected health effects, the use of those vitamins may however lead to cases of hypervitaminosis and even to intoxication. The article points out main principles of safety which are to be observed during supplementation with antioxidative vitamins. Toxic effects resulting from erroneous administration of high doses of those substances on organs and systems of the organism are also discussed. Attention is drawn to interactions of antioxidative vitamins with concomitantly used drugs, as well as intensification of adverse effects caused by various exogenous chemical factors. Moreover, the article presents the evaluation of supplementation with these vitamins, which was performed in large studies. PMID:22528540

  18. Clinical risk factors, angiographic findings and prognosis in young adults with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction%青年ST段抬高型心肌梗死患者的临床、冠状动脉造影特点及预后

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚康; 张书宁; 葛雷; 钱菊英; 葛均波

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical characteristics, risk factors, angiographic features, and in-hospital and long-term outcomes in young patients (≤40 years) with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods From May 2005 to May 2010, the patients with STEMI underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in our hospital and were enrolled in this retrospective study. These patients were divided into young adult group (40 years or below), middle age group (41-59 years) and elderly group (≥60 years). Clinical cardiovascular risk factors, angiographic findings, PCI outcomes and prognosis during 12-month follow up were analyzed. Results During the 5-year period, 2.2% of STEMI patients admitted to our hospital for PCI were 40 years or below. 95.0% of these young patients were male. Smoking rate in the young adult group was significantly higher than that in the elderly group (85.0% vs. 64.8% , P0.05). The incidence of severe heart failure in the young adult group was significantly lower than that in the elderly group in hospital and 12 months after PCI. The incidence of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) in the young adult group was significantly lower than that in the middle age group and elderly group 12 months after PCI (P<0.05). Conclusion There are significant differences in features of risk factors and coronary artery lesions and prognosis between young adults and the elderly with myocardial infarction. Young adults who under going primary PCI have favorable long-term outcomes, such as recovery of cardiac function and MACE.%目的 探讨年龄≤40岁青年ST段抬高型心肌梗死(STEMI)患者的临床发病、危险因素、冠状动脉病变特点及预后.方法 回顾性分析2005年5月-2010年5月在复旦大学附属中山医院心内科行经皮冠状动脉介入治疗(PCI)的STEMI患者,按年龄段分组:青年组(≤40岁),中年组(≥41岁且≤59岁组),老年组(≥60岁).分析各组的危险因素、冠状动

  19. Course prognosis of cervical osteochondrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kolesov V.N.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Today we can state that in spite of a considerable number of cervical osteochondrosis studies, there is a lack of research devoted to analysis of its course. There is no correlation between initial expert evaluations of cervical osteo-chondrosis cases and further course of pathological process. Goal of the research is to develop system of course prognosis of cervical osteochondrosis taking into account environmental infuence, heredity, living conditions, psychological profle of patient’s personality. Materials and methods. Dynamics of degenerative-dystrophic changes progressing of cervical vertebrae in 236 patients was analyzed. Results. Received data demonstrated that probability of stage I changing to stage II, III and IV depended on patients’ sex, age and type of labour activity, frequent supercooling and stress. Probability of fast progression of cervical osteochondrosis (5-year cycle of stage I changing to stage III and IV was to a great extent associated with heredity, urban living, presence of endocrine system diseases, syndrome of nonspecifc dysplasia of connective tissue and low indices of quality of life. Conclusion. Proposed system allows making prognosis of morphologic changes in spinal cord, and is based on radiation methods of verifcation without taking into consideration dynamics of neurological symptomatology.

  20. Risk factors and prognosis for 894 cases of esophageal neoplasm patients with preoperative nutritional risk%894例食管癌术前营养风险危险因素分析与预后

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤敏; 潘琪; 吴俊伟; 田希贵; 刘德森

    2015-01-01

    Objective To provide the reference basis for reducing the occurrence of nutritional risk by analyzing possible risk factors for nutritional risk status and investigating the relationship between preoperative nutritional risk status and prognosis.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 894 patients(nutritional risk group of 491 cases,non-nutritional risk group of 403 cases) with esophageal cancer resection.The univariate analysis was used to analyze the relationships between nutritional risk status with postoperative complications and length of hospitalization.And the multiple Logistic regression model analysis was applied to analyze the risk factors of nutritional risk status.Results The nutritional risk group had a higher rate of postoperative complications (33.60 % vs.19.60 %,U =-3.429,P =0.001),higher incidence of serious complications (23.01% vs.8.68%,U =-3.611,P =0.000) and longer hospital stays [(37.20 ± 13.89) days vs.(31.69 ± 13.49) days,t =4.124,P =0.000] than that of non-nutritional risk group.The results of the multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the preoperative nutritional risk factors were associated with the patients' age (OR =1.58,95% CI:1.101-2.268),number of symptoms entries(OR =7.97,95 % CI:6.071-10.463),symptom severity (OR =0.26,95% CI:0.186 -0.385),and dietary intake (OR =0.62,95 % CI:0.482-0.813),P < 0.05 for all.Conclusion The older patients with more severe symptoms and poor diet are more likely to suffer from nutritional risk.Prolonged hospital stay and postoperative complications easily happen in patients with nutritional risk.So patients with preoperative nutritional risk should be given timely and effective nutrition intervention measures,in order to reduce postoperative complications and length of hospitalization.%目的 探讨食管癌患者术前营养风险状况与预后的关系,分析营养风险的危险因素.方法 回顾性分析894例食管癌切除患者的临床资料.根

  1. Risk factors and prognosis of neurological complications in patients with infective endocarditis%感染性心内膜炎合并神经系统并发症的危险因素及预后

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王辉; 郭立琳; 方理刚; 崔丽英; 苗齐; 李太生; 朱文玲; 方全

    2016-01-01

    Objective To identify risk factors of neurological complications (NC) in left-sided infective endocarditis (IE) and to assess its impact on the outcome and cardiac surgery.Methods Clinical data,NC,treatment and outcome of patients with definite left-sided IE admitted to our hospital during 2001-2012 were retrospectively analyzed.Results A total of 308 patients with age of (45.3 ± 15.9) years were enrolled.Among them,65 (21.1%) experienced at least one NC.Independent risk factors associated with NC were large vegetation (HR =1.681,95% CI 1.013-2.788,P =0.044),non-neurologic embolism (HR=1.820,95%CI 1.068-3.100,P =0.028),mitral valve involvement (HR =1.888,95% CI 1.089-3.274,P =0.024),Staphylococcus aureus infection (HR =2.054,95% CI 1.097-3.846,P =0.044),and uncontrolled infection (HR =4.680,95% CI 2.563-8.546,P < 0.001).During a median follow-up for 17 months,70 (22.7%) patients died.NC had a negative impact on long-term outcome (HR =2.292,95% CI 1.274-4.122,P =0.006).Valve replacement surgery was performed in 156 (50.6%)patients,which was associated with a lower rate of 1-year IE-related death (HR =0.160,95% CI 0.063-0.405,P <0.001).Among patients with NC,valve replacement surgery was associated with lower rates of in-hospital mortality and 1-year IE-related mortality (14.8% vs 5.3%,18.5% vs 73.7%,respectively,P < 0.001).Conclusions Independent risk factors of NC include large vegetation,nonneurologic embolism,mitral valve involvement,Staphylococcus aureus infection,and uncontrolled infection.Neurologic complications link to the poor prognosis in patients with left-sided IE.Valve surgery is considered as a safe procedure and improves the survival.%目的 明确左心感染性心内膜炎(IE)发生神经系统并发症(NC)的危险因素及其对心脏手术和预后的影响.方法 分析2001-2012年入院并确诊左心IE患者的临床资料、NC、治疗及预后.结果 共入选308例患者,年龄(45.3 ±15.9)岁,65例(21.1

  2. 经皮冠状动脉介入术后再发不良心血管事件的影响因素分析%Analysis of influential factors for recurrent adverse cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爱玲; 刘瑶; 杨莉萍; 胡欣

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze the influential factors for recurrent adverse cardiovascular events within one year and 15 years after percutaneous coronary intervention( PCI)in patients with coronary atherosclerotic heart disease(CHD). Methods The patients with CHD,who underwent PCI or bypass operation of coronary artery meanwhile in Department of Cardiology,Beijing Hospital from january 1998 to March 2013,had complete medical records and received dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin for one year,were enrolled in the study. Patients' specimens of blood were collected and cytochrome P450 (CYP)2C19 genotype associated with metabolism of clopidogrel were detected. The patients were divided into the reference metabolizers group( *1 / *1),intermediate metabolizers group( *1 / *2 and *1 / *3)and slow metabolizers group( *2 / *2,*2 / *3 and *3 / *3)by the results of genotype detection. The situation of recurrent adverse cardiovascular events within one year and 15 years after the first PCI and the correlative factors were analyzed retrospectively. Results A total of 210 patients were enrolled in the study. They comprised of 148 males and 62 females with age 49-84(67 ± 10)years. There were 163 and 47 patients undergoing PCI for the first and second times,respectively. There were 185 and 25 patients undergoing PCI only and bypass operation of coronary artery meanwhile,respectively. There were 158,156,and 91 cases complicated with hypertension,hyperlipoidemia,and diabetes,respectively. The incidence of adverse cardiovascular events in the reference metabolizers group,the intermediate metabolizers group,and the slow metabolizers group within one year after PCI were 13. 3%(13 / 98),24. 7%(23 / 93),and 31. 6%(6 /19),respectively. The incidence of adverse cardiovascular events in the slow metabolizers group and the intermediate metabolizers group were 2. 37 and 1. 86 times of those in the reference metabolizers group, respectively. Carrying CYP2C19*2 or *3 genotype was

  3. Correlation between related factors and prognosis of the patients with high falling injury%高处坠落伤患者相关因素与预后的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭宗奎; 黄卫兵; 陈庄洪; 王庆; 蔡贤华; 黄继锋; 刘曦明

    2004-01-01

    than that of the children. The injuries on the hard ground like cement and stones were severer than those on the loose mud ground.CONCLUSION: The injury states, regularities and characteristics vary with different conditions. The falling height and landing position are the main factors to determine the injury pattern and degree. The age and body mass and the ground circumstance have important effects on the injury. The above factors have important significance for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of the high falling injury.

  4. Legg-Calve-Perthes 病非手术治疗效果及相关预后因素分析%Outcomes evaluation and prognosis factors of conservative treatment in Legg-Calve-Perthes disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雷雷; 洪郭驹; 张庆文; 陈镇秋; 方斌; 何伟

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the outcomes of the non-surgery treatment for Legg-Calve-Perthes disease ( LCPD ) and analyze the related prognosis factors .Methods Forty-three patients ( 48 hips) from the first Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine were retrospectively reviewed, who had LCPD and accepted non-surgical treatment between December 1996 and October 2012. According to Waldenström classification , the children in osteonecrosis or fragmentation phase adopted Petrie plaster bandage fixation for three months each time (total two times) and accepted regular exercises 1-2 d during the interval time between the fixations .When the plaster fixation finished , Scottish Rite abduction brace was applied .When the pathological process developed to the reossification phase , the functional exercises were performed .The total treatment time last for 12-18 months.The patients were required to come to the outpatient for reviews until the epiphysis was completely mature .The outcomes of the non-surgery treatment were investigated; the relationship between the outcomes and onset age , Catterall grouping , Herring Lateral Pillar Sign , and Waldenström classification were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis rank-sum test and Nemenyi test.Results The clinical effective rate in modified Stulberg classification (typeⅠ&Ⅱ) was 85.4% and the excellent rate (ER) was 56.3%.The children younger than eight years old showed an ER of 80%compared to 45.5%in the elder ones .The cases of Catterall typeⅠ&Ⅱgroup presented an ER of 77.8%which was higher than that of Ⅲ&Ⅳtype group (43.3%).In Herring classification, ER of type A group was 100%, ER of type B group was 62.5%and ER of type C group was 25%.In osteonecrosis phase , the patients were proved to be better with an ER of 56.5% than those patients in the fragmentation phase (0%) and reossification phase (77.8%) (P0.05);but those two groups were significant different with fragmentation phase (P<0.05).Conclusion The

  5. Influence of expressions of hypoxia inducible factor 1α and vascular endothelial growth factor on prognosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma%HIF-1α、VEGF表达对甲状腺乳头状癌预后的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红耀; 魏秀珍; 郭明丽

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨甲状腺乳头状癌(PTC)中缺氧诱导因子-1α(HIF-1α)和血管内皮生长因子(VEGF)的表达对预后的影响.方法 采用免疫组织化学SP法检测50例PTC组织标本中HIF-1α、VEGF蛋白的表达,结合临床病理特征和随访资料进行分析.结果 HIF-1α主要表达于细胞核和细胞质,VEGF主要表达于细胞质,阳性表达率分别为76%和78%,两者存在显著正相关性.HIF-1α表达与临床分期和预后有关,与病理类型、病变长度无明显关系.HIF-1α,VEGF表达阳性组术后复发转移率均高于HIF-1α、VEGF阴性组.HIF-1α蛋白表达阳性和阴性组1,3,5a生存率分别为77%,65%,50%和96%,75%,62%,Log-Rank检验2组生存曲线非常显著性差异(P<0.01).结论 PTC中存在HIF-1α、VEGF蛋白高表达,HIF-1α蛋白高表达与PTC术后复发转移密切相关,是PTC患者预后不良的标志.%Objective It is to approach the influence of expressions of hypoxia inducible factor - 1α( HIF - 1α )and vascular endothelial growth factor ( VEGF ) on prognosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma ( PTC ). Methods The expressions of HIF-1α and VEGF were detected with immunohistochemical standard streptavidin-horseradish peroxidase ( SP ) techniques in 50 patients with PTC. Results The positive expression rate of HIF - 1α and VEGF in PTC was 76% and 78.0% respectively.The positive expression of HIF - 1α was positively correlated with the presence of VEGF protein. The positive expression of HIF - 1α was closely related to clinical stage, prognosis. The relapse and metastasis rate in positive expression of HIF - 1α and VEGF was higher than that of negative expression. The 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rate of patients with positive expression of HIF - 1a was 77 % , 65% , 50% respectively, while the 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rate of patients with negative expression of HIF-1α was 96%, 75% , 62% respectively, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P < 0

  6. Peripheral Vascular Disease–Related Procedures in Dialysis Patients: Predictors and Prognosis

    OpenAIRE

    Plantinga, Laura C; Fink, Nancy E.; Coresh, Josef; Stephen M Sozio; Parekh, Rulan S.; Melamed, Michal L.; Powe, Neil R.; Jaar, Bernard G.

    2009-01-01

    Background and objectives: Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is prevalent among dialysis patients, and many dialysis patients undergo PVD-related procedures. We aimed to examine the risk factors for and prognosis after such procedures in the dialysis setting.

  7. Uncertainty Quantification in Fatigue Crack Growth Prognosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shankar Sankararaman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a methodology to quantify the uncertainty in fatigue crack growth prognosis, applied to structures with complicated geometry and subjected to variable amplitude multi-axial loading. Finite element analysis is used to address the complicated geometry and calculate the stress intensity factors. Multi-modal stress intensity factors due to multi-axial loading are combined to calculate an equivalent stress intensity factor using a characteristic plane approach. Crack growth under variable amplitude loading is modeled using a modified Paris law that includes retardation effects. During cycle-by-cycle integration of the crack growth law, a Gaussian process surrogate model is used to replace the expensive finite element analysis. The effect of different types of uncertainty – physical variability, data uncertainty and modeling errors – on crack growth prediction is investigated. The various sources of uncertainty include, but not limited to, variability in loading conditions, material parameters, experimental data, model uncertainty, etc. Three different types of modeling errors – crack growth model error, discretization error and surrogate model error – are included in analysis. The different types of uncertainty are incorporated into the crack growth prediction methodology to predict the probability distribution of crack size as a function of number of load cycles. The proposed method is illustrated using an application problem, surface cracking in a cylindrical structure.

  8. PROGNOSIS OF PRIMARY NON-HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMAS OF THE ORGAN OF VISION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye. Ye. Grishina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Much attention has been recently given to the prognosis of extranodal non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas (NHL. All currently available prognostic scales fail to fully characterize the prognosis of primary NHL of the eye and its accessory apparatus.The purpose of this study was to identify prognostic factors for vision and life in patients with primary NHL of the organ of vision. Retrospective and prospective studies of the specific features of the disease in 94 patients with primary NHL of the organ of vision revealed some factors influencing its prognosis.

  9. Association of FOXM1 expression with tumor histology and prognosis in Wilms tumor: Potential for a new prognostic marker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apelt, Nadja; Hubertus, Jochen; Mayr, Doris; Graf, Norbert; Furtwängler, Rhoikos; Von Schweinitz, Dietrich; Kappler, Roland

    2016-01-01

    Wilms tumor (WT) is the most common pediatric renal malignancy. A recent ontogenic model suggests that undifferentiated tumor state, and hence poor prognosis, in WT is determined by stabilization of β-catenin in the nucleus. Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) is a downstream component of the Wnt pathway and promotes nuclear localization of β-catenin. As elevation of FOXM1 gene expression is prognostic in various types of malignancy, we hypothesized that high FOXM1 expression in WT is associated with undifferentiated histology and thus poor prognosis. In the current study, the expression of FOXM1 mRNA was determined in 46 WT specimens and 11 renal tissue controls from patients undergoing tumor nephrectomy, and these data were assessed with regard to clinicopathological parameters. The results demonstrated an upregulation of FOXM1 in WT by 10-fold compared to normal tissue. Expression differed significantly between controls and tumors of intermediate- and high-risk histopathology (P<0.001, Kruskal-Wallis), and distinguished normal tissue from tumors of good and adverse clinical outcome (P<0.001, Kruskal-Wallis). Notably, FOXM1 expression was significantly lower (P=0.009) in patients that received preoperative doxorubicin. These results suggest that FOXM1 may serve as a companion diagnostic factor for doxorubicin-based therapies in WT.

  10. 妊娠期糖尿病母儿不良妊娠结局的危险因素分析%ANALYSIS OF RISK FACTORS FOR ADVERSE MATERNAL AND FETAL OUTCOMES IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡矩锋

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influencing factors for adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) .Methods The pregnant women diagnosed with GDM and with complete clinical data were chosen for study from January ,2014 to December ,2014 .59 of them in the observation group received strict dietary and exercise management ,snd 52 cases who disregard the doctor's orders ,food control or exercise formed the contrast group .The maternal and neonatal outcomes of these 2 groups were compared .The effect of age ,BMI before pregnancy ,excessive weight gain during pregnancy ,the way to control blood sugar ,the history of abnormal gestation and birth ,the family history of diabetes , w hether or not taking insulin and gestational age on maternal and neonatal outcomes were also analyzed . Results T he usage of insulin in the ob‐servation group were lower than that in the control group ( P <0 .05) ,and the gestational weight gain in the observation group was less than that in the control group ( P<0 .05) .The occurrence of hypertensive disorder in the observation group were significantly lower than that in the control group ( P <0 .05) ,and the total occurrence of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in the observation group were significantly lower than that in the control group ( P <0 .05) .Excessive weight gain during pregnancy ,the history of abnormal gestation and birth ,high BMI before pregnancy and te use of insulin were risk factors for adverse neonatal outcomes ,while enough gestational age was the protective factor for both maternal and neonatal outcomes( P <0 .05) .Conclusion For patients with GDM ,there are risk factors influencing maternal and fetal adverse outcomes ,and it is useful to conduct health education and to standardize the clinical manage‐ment .%目的:探讨影响妊娠期糖尿病(GDM )患者母儿不良妊娠结局的相关因素。方法自2014年1月至2014年12月间在临沂市妇幼保健

  11. Matrix-Gla protein promotes osteosarcoma lung metastasis and associates with poor prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zandueta, Carolina; Ormazábal, Cristina; Perurena, Naiara; Martínez-Canarias, Susana; Zalacaín, Marta; Julián, Mikel San; Grigoriadis, Agamemnon E; Valencia, Karmele; Campos-Laborie, Francisco J; Rivas, Javier De Las; Vicent, Silvestre; Patiño-García, Ana; Lecanda, Fernando

    2016-08-01

    Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most prevalent osseous tumour in children and adolescents and, within this, lung metastases remain one of the factors associated with a dismal prognosis. At present, the genetic determinants driving pulmonary metastasis are poorly understood. We adopted a novel strategy using robust filtering analysis of transcriptomic profiling in tumour osteoblastic cell populations derived from human chemo-naive primary tumours displaying extreme phenotypes (indolent versus metastatic) to uncover predictors associated with metastasis and poor survival. We identified MGP, encoding matrix-Gla protein (MGP), a non-collagenous matrix protein previously associated with the inhibition of arterial calcification. Using different orthotopic models, we found that ectopic expression of Mgp in murine and human OS cells led to a marked increase in lung metastasis. This effect was independent of the carboxylation of glutamic acid residues required for its physiological role. Abrogation of Mgp prevented lung metastatic activity, an effect that was rescued by forced expression. Mgp levels dramatically altered endothelial adhesion, trans-endothelial migration in vitro and tumour cell extravasation ability in vivo. Furthermore, Mgp modulated metalloproteinase activities and TGFβ-induced Smad2/3 phosphorylation. In the clinical setting, OS patients who developed lung metastases had high serum levels of MGP at diagnosis. Thus, MGP represents a novel adverse prognostic factor and a potential therapeutic target in OS. Microarray datasets may be found at: http://bioinfow.dep.usal.es/osteosarcoma/ Copyright © 2016 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:27172275

  12. Predisposing factors for serum sodium disturbance in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (SBI)

    OpenAIRE

    Abrishamkar, Saeid; Safavi, Mohammadreza; TAVAKOLI, Pouria; MORADI, Daruosh; Honarmand, Azim

    2010-01-01

    Disturbances in the plasma sodium level in patients with severe brain injury (SBI) is not a rare phenomenon and may cause adverse effects on prognosis and treatment outcomes. The knowledge of the prevalence of risk factors helps in early detection and good management of the serum sodium level disturbance. Materials and methods: This is a prospective clinical trial double blind study. The target population included patients with SBI who had disturbances in their plasma sodium level and were a...

  13. Adverse renal effects of hydrochlorothiazide in rats with myocardial infarction treated with an ACE inhibitor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westendorp, Bart; Hamming, Inge; Szymanski, Mariusz K.; Navis, Gerjan; van Goor, Harry; Buikema, Hendrik; van Gilst, Wiek H.; Schoemaker, Regien G.

    2009-01-01

    Diuretics, when added to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) treatment, can augment the response to ACE inhibitors, but may have adverse effects on renal function, which negatively affect prognosis. While in heart failure rats combined therapy initially improved cardiac functio

  14. Cox′s proportional hazards regression model for prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma based on factor analysis with SPSS%基于SPSS因子分析的肝细胞癌预后因素的Cox比例风险回归模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李仕来; 黎乐群

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the feasibility of Cox′s proportional hazards regression model for the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma based on the factor analysis with SPSS.Methods One hundred and forty cases of hepatocellular carcinomas and 44 related prognosis factors were analyzed with SPSS13.0 and Microsoft Office Excel 2007.The comparative analysis of traditional Cox′s proportional hazards regression model and Cox′s proportional hazards regression model based on the factor analysis was conducted to determine which one was more feasible.Results In traditional Cox′s proportional hazards regression model,25 of 44 factors entered the multivariate analysis, of them 5 were reserved in the final equation.Remarkably,the results of the univariate analysis and the multivariate analysis for the factor X5 were contradictory,which implied the multicollinearity among the prognosis factors.Thirteen common factors were extracted by the factor analysis and then they all entered Cox′s proportional hazards regression model,and of them 7 were reserved in the final equation.They were professional meaning and reasonable after being renamed.Conclusion It′s feasible to solve the multicollinearity by Cox′s proportional hazards regression model for the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma based on the factor analysis with SPSS.%目的:探讨基于SPSS因子分析的肝细胞癌(肝癌)预后因素的Cox比例风险回归模型的可行性。方法采用SPSS13.0统计软件及Microsoft Office Excel 2007对140例肝癌患者以及44个预后因素进行分析,比较传统Cox比例风险回归模型与基于因子分析的Cox比例风险回归模型分析结果的优缺点。结果传统Cox比例风险回归模型中,44个预后因素中经单因素分析后有25个进入多因素分析,多因素分析中有5个因素进入Cox比例风险回归模型方程,其中因素X5在单因素分析和多因素分析中的结论相反,提示预后因素存在多重共

  15. 胰岛素样生长因子结合蛋白-1在急性心肌梗死预后中的研究进展%Advances in Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein-1 in the Prognosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆慧; 潘慧; 龚凤英

    2011-01-01

    胰岛素样生长因子(IGF)系统与心血管疾病存在密切关联,其中血清低水平IGF-I和高水平胰岛素样生长因子结合蛋白-1 (IGFBP-1)可以作为判断AMI患者远期心血管发病率和死亡率的预后指标.本文总结了IGFBP-1在AMI预后判断方面的研究进展.%Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) is closely associated with cardiovascular diseases. Low IGF-I level and high insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) level in serum can be used as a marker in predicting the long-term morbidity and mortality of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The article reviews the recent advances in IGFBP-1 in the prognosis of AMI.

  16. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-related adverse events: general overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rustagi, Tarun; Jamidar, Priya A

    2015-01-01

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) represents a monumental advance in the management of patients with pancreaticobiliary diseases, but is a complex and technically demanding procedure with the highest inherent risk of adverse events of all routine endoscopic procedures. Overall adverse event rates for ERCP are typically reported as 5-10%. The most commonly reported adverse events include post-ERCP pancreatitis, bleeding, perforation, infection (cholangitis), and cardiopulomary or "sedation related" events. This article evaluates patient-related and procedure-related risk factors for ERCP-related adverse events, and discusses strategies for the prevention, diagnosis and management of these events.

  17. The Prognosis of Patients With Nonobstructive Coronary Artery Disease Versus Normal Arteries Determined by Invasive Coronary Angiography or Computed Tomography Coronary Angiography: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Fang-Yang; Huang, Bao-Tao; Lv, Wen-Yu; Liu, Wei; Peng, Yong; Xia, Tian-Li; Wang, Peng-Ju; Zuo, Zhi-Liang; Liu, Rui-Shuang; Zhang, Chen; Gui, Yi-Yue; Liao, Yan-Biao; Chen, Mao; Zhu, Ye

    2016-03-01

    Limited data exist regarding the outcomes of patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) detected by computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) or invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Our aim was to compare the prognosis of patients with nonobstructive coronary artery plaques with that of patients with entirely normal arteries. The MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases were searched. Studies comparing the prognosis of individuals with nonobstructive CAD versus normal coronary arteries detected by CTCA or ICA were included. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, hospitalization due to unstable angina or revascularization. A fixed effects model was chosen to pool the estimates of odds ratios (ORs). Forty-eight studies with 64,905 individuals met the inclusion criteria. Patients in the nonobstructive CAD arm had a significantly higher risk of MACE compared to their counterparts in the normal artery arm (pooled OR, 3.17, 95% confidence interval, 2.77-3.63). When excluding revascularization as an endpoint, hard cardiac composite outcomes were also more frequent among patients with nonobstructive CAD (pooled OR, 2.10; 95%CI, 1.79-2.45). All subgroups (age, sex, follow-up duration, different outcomes, diagnostic modality, and CAD risk factor) consistently showed a poorer prognosis with nonobstructive CAD than with normal arteries. When dividing the studies into a CTCA and ICA group for further analysis based on the indications for diagnostic tests, we also found nonobstructive CAD to be associated with a higher risk of MACE in both stable and acute chest pain. Patients with nonobstructive CAD had a poorer prognosis compared with their counterparts with normal arteries.

  18. Syncope: epidemiology, etiology and prognosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rose M F Lisboa Da Silva

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Syncope is a common medical problem, with a frequency between 15% and 39%. In the general population, the annual number episodes are 18.1 to 39.7 per 1000 patients, with similar incidence between genders. The first report of the incidence of syncope is 6.2 per 1000 person-years. However, there is a significant increase in the incidence of syncope after 70 years of age with rate annual 19.5 per thousand individuals after 80 years. It presents a recurrence rate of 35% and 29% of physical injury. Among the causes of syncope, the mediated neural reflex, known as neurocardiogenic or vasovagal syncope, is the most frequent. The others are of cardiac origin, orthostatic hypotension, carotid sinus hypersensitivity, neurological and endocrinological causes and psychiatric disorders. The diagnosis of syncope can be made by clinical method associated with the electrocardiogram in up 50% of patients. Its prognosis is determined by the underlying etiology specifically the presence and severity of cardiac disease. The annual mortality can reach between 18 and 33% if cardiac cause, and between 0 and 12% if the noncardiac cause. Thus, it is imperative to identify its cause and risk stratification for positive impact in reducing morbidity and mortality.

  19. 血清表皮生长因子、肝细胞生长因子与急性胰腺炎严重程度及预后的相关性%The correlation between serum epidermal growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor, and severity or prognosis of acute pancreatitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志娟

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨血清表皮生长因子、肝细胞生长因子与急性胰腺炎严重程度及预后的相关性,为临床诊治提供依据.方法 选择急性胰腺炎(AP)患者112例,按严重程度分为轻症急性胰腺炎(MAP)组(n=66)和重症急性胰腺炎(SAP)组(n=46),两组患者均采用常规治疗,观察两组患者血清表皮生长因子(EGF)、肝细胞生长因子(HGF)水平,并与急性生理和慢性健康状况评分表Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ)评分进行相关性分析,比较两组患者的并发症情况.结果 MAP组、SAP组血清EGF、HGF水平均明显高于对照组,SAP组明显高于MAP组(P <0.01). MAP组、SAP组APACHE Ⅱ评分分别为(5.4±1.6)分、(9.0±2.9)分,APACHE Ⅱ评分与血清EGF、HGF水平呈正相关(P=0.00).SAP组的(感染、脓肿、坏死)、急性肺损伤或ARDS发生率明显高于MAP组(P<0.01).结论 AP的严重程度及预后与患者血清HGF、EGF水平关系密切,在早期及时监测HGF、EGF的变化对评估病情及判断预后有一定的临床价值,由于HGF、EGF具有较强的组织修复与再生功能,这也可能为临床治疗提供一个新途径.%Objective To investigate the correlation between serum epidermal growth factor,hepatocyte growth factor and acute pancreatitis severity or prognosis,and to provide the basis for acute pancreatitis clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods A total of 112 patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) were selected,and they were divided into mild acute pancreatitis (MAP) group (n =66) and severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) group (n =46) according to severity.The patients in two groups were treated with conventional therapy.The levels of serum epidermal growth factor (EGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in two groups were observed.The correlation analysis was performed with acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score.The complications of patients in two groups were compared.Results The levels of serum EGF and HGF in MAP group and SAP

  20. Multivariate Analysis of the Factors on Prognosis in Patients with Severe Craniocerebral Injury after the Decompressive Craniectomy%影响重型颅脑损伤患者大骨瓣减压术后预后的多因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏鲁宁; 周雄波; 罗卫; 胡珍渊; 王更新; 侯文; 赵晓平; 张毅; 柯尊华; 周振国; 范小璇; 周峰; 方永军; 畅涛

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the prognosis and the related factors of severe craniocerebral injury patients with Decompressive Craniectomy (DC). Methods The clinical data of 121 DC patients were reviewed and analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups: poor prognosis group (n= 72) and good prognosis group (n = 49) iased on Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) one month after discharge. Logistic multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the clinical data including age, sex, mean interval between injury and operation, admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), and pupil change, preoperative midline. shifted, compressed or obliterated basal cisterns and blood sugar. Results Single factor analysis showed that there were significant differences in the mean interval between injury and operation, admission GCS score, pupil changes, preoperative midline shifted, compressed or obliterated basal cisterns and blood sugar (P < 0.05). Logistic multiple regression revealed that the related factors associated with poor prognosis are admission GCS, pupil changes, preoperative midline shifted, compressed or obliterated basal cisterns, mean interval between injury and operation and blood sugar before the operation. Conclusion Prognosis for DC patients is associated with admission GCS, pupil change, preoperative midline shifted, compressed or oblilerated basal cisterns, mean interval between injury and operation and blood sugar before the operation.%目的 分析重型颅脑损伤(severe craniocerebral injury,sTBI)患者大骨瓣减压(deeompressive craniectomy,DC)术后的预后及相关因素.方法 回顾分析121例DC术后患者的临床资料.出院1个月后,根据格拉斯哥预后评分(Glasgow outcome scale,GOS)分为预后不良组(n=72)和预后良好组(n=49),比较两组患者的年龄、性别、受伤至手术时间、入院时格拉斯哥昏迷评分(Glasgow coma scale,GCS)、瞳孔变化、术前中线移位、术前基底池形态、术前血糖等因素,Logistic多元

  1. A scoring model for predicting the prognosis of severe viral hepatitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Hui-guo; XIANG Hai-ping; SHAN Jing; ZHOU Li; MA Bing; LIU Min; WANG Jun-tao

    2005-01-01

    @@ The prognosis of patients with severe viral hepatitis is concerned by clinicians, patients and their relatives. Many factors may influence on the prognosis of patients with this disease. Many studies on the prognosis of severe viral hepatitis by multiple logistic regression analysis have shown generally consistent results.1-4 Previouly we established a scoring model of severe viral hepatitis (SMSVH) by logistic regression analysis.1 The aim of this study was to estimate prospectively the 6-month survival rate of patients with severe viral hepatitis using SMSVH.

  2. A Bifactor Model of the Beck Depression Inventory and Its Association With Medical Prognosis After Myocardial Infarction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Miranda Azevedo, Ricardo; Roest, Annelieke M.; Carney, Robert M.; Denollet, Johan; Freedland, Kenneth E.; Grace, Sherry L.; Hosseini, Seyed H.; Lane, Deirdre A.; Parakh, Kapil; Pilote, Louise; de Jonge, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Evidence suggests that depression is associated with adverse outcomes in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). Some of the symptoms of depression may also be symptoms of somatic illness and these may confound the association between depression and prognosis. We investigated whether d

  3. Predictors of vocational prognosis after herniated lumbar disc

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lone Donbæk; Frost, Poul; Schiøttz-Christensen, Berit;

    2011-01-01

    (HR) 2.1 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.5–2.8), skilled work HR 1.9 (CI = 1.3–2.7), and semi academic work HR 1.5 (CI = 1.1–2.0) as compared with academic work and less than 40 weeks of employment within year two before hospital contact HR 2.1 (CI = 1.9–2.5). Further negative prognostic factors...... measure was unfavorable vocational prognosis defined as less than 40 weeks of employment within the second year after hospital contact. Cox proportional hazards models were used. Results. Altogether 41.8% had an unfavorable vocational prognosis. The outcome was associated with unskilled work Hazard Ratio...... with the outcome. Conclusion. The risk of an unfavorable vocational prognosis after hospital contact for HLD was substantial. Nonacademic work and less than 40 weeks of employment within year two before hospital contact were the strongest prognostic factors, but also lumbar fusion alone and in combination...

  4. Analysis of risk factors and prognosis of pneumonia in elderly patients of cerebral stroke sequelae period%老年脑卒中患者后遗症期反复并发肺炎的危险因素及预后分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠芳; 王惠民

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the risk factors and prognosis of pneumonia in elderly patients of cerebral stroke sequelae period.Methods Eighty-eight cases of pneumonia in elderly patients with cerebral stroke sequelae period were selected as stroke group,with non-stroke patients of the same period suffering from pneumonia 1 ∶ 1 matched as control group.The risk factors and prognosis of pneumonia in elderly patients of cerebral stroke sequelae period were analyzed.Results Pneumonia in stroke group was related with hypertension,diabetes,conscious disturbance,bucking or nasogastric feeding,dyscinesia,incision of trachea,multiple organ disfunction syndrome (MODS),hospitalizations,hospital stay and abandon treatment or death (P < 0.05),and not related with smoking,coronary heart disease,kindey dysfunction,malignant tumor,phlegm bacterial culture,hypoxemia and mechanical ventilation was tested by conditioned Logistic regression quantitatively(P> 0.05).The independent risk factors for pneumonia in elderly patients of cerebral stroke sequelae period were bucking or nasogastric feeding,and MODS by two-way unconditional Logistic regression.Conclusions Hypertension,diabetes,conscious disturbance,bucking or nasogastric feeding,dyscinesia,incision of trachea,MODS,hospitalizations are risk factors for pneumonia in elderly patients of cerebral stroke sequelae period,and lead to relatively poor prognosis.Three-grade prevention and control of risk factors can improve prognosis.%目的 分析老年脑卒中患者后遗症期反复并发肺炎的危险因素与预后.方法 选择老年脑卒中后遗症期反复并发肺炎的患者作为脑卒中组,与同期住院的非脑卒中老年肺炎患者1∶1配对,组成对照组,分析老年脑卒中患者后遗症期反复并发肺炎的危险因素及预后.结果 脑卒中组反复并发肺炎与高血压、糖尿病、意识障碍、呛咳与鼻饲、肢体运动障碍、气管切开、多器官功能障碍综合征(MODS)、住

  5. The impact of sex difference on short-term prognosis risk factors for ischemic infarct in Northern Han Chinese young ischemic stroke patients%北方汉族青年缺血性脑梗死短期预后危险因素的性别差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨姗杉; 贾建平

    2012-01-01

    目的 本研究针对中国北方汉族青年缺血性脑梗死患者,分析危险因素及对短期预后影响是否存在性别差异.方法 回顾性分析2000年~ 2011年北京宣武医院青年脑卒中住院患者,经数字减影造影(DSA)检查或经颅多普勒(TCD)检查诊断为动脉粥样硬化,CT或MRI诊断缺血性脑梗死,单因素分析危险因素存在的性别差异,非条件logistic回归模型进一步确定影响短期预后的危险因素.结果 男性青年缺血性脑梗死中吸烟、饮酒者较女性多,红细胞比积测定值(Hct)高于女性,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);预测青年男性短期预后危险因素为NIHSS评分,TOAST分型多因素型;预测青年女性短期预后危险因素为年龄,NIHSS评分.结论 北方汉族青年缺血性脑梗死危险因素因性别不同存在差异,且不同性别预测其短期预后危险因素亦不同.%Objective To analyze whether there is sex difference in risk factors for young ischemic stroke, and whether they affect short-term prognosis. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted for young patients during 2000 ~2011 in Xuanwu Hospital,and ischemic cerebral infarction was confirmed by the cranial CT or MRI,with atherosclerosis detected by DSA or TCD. A single factor analysis of risk factors was used for the presence of gender differences. Non-conditional logistic regression model was used to determine the risk factors that affect the short-term prognosis. Results In ischemic cerebral infarction,male had a higher risk of smoking,and drinking alcohol than female,and Hct content in male was higher than that of female (P 〈 0. 05). The predictors for the short-term prognosis for young male were NIHSS scores and multiple potential causes of TOAST, while for young female, the predictors were age and NIHSS scores. Conclusion There are differences in risk factors of ischemic stroke in young Northern Han people and in predicting the short-term prognosis because of

  6. Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS) is a computerized information database designed to support the FDA's post-marketing safety surveillance program for all...

  7. A correlative study of serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and prognosis and platelet in patients with lung cancer%肺癌患者血清血管内皮生长因子水平与预后及血小板的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄谦; 姜正华; 朱慕云; 桑慧颖; 卞京文; 李昌喜

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨肺癌患者血清血管内皮生长因子(VEGF)水平及与预后及血小板的相关性.方法 采用酶联免疫吸附法(ELISA)对60例肺癌患者及20例健康人的血清VEGF分别进行测定,同时检测患者全血血小板(PLT)含量.结果 肺癌患者血清VEGF水平显著高于健康对照组(P<0.01),肺癌患者血清VEGF水平与肺癌的病理类型、TNM分期之间无明显关系.肺癌患者血清VEGF水平与其生存期之间呈显著的负相关(r=-0.38.P<0.01),肺癌患者血清VEGF水平与血小板之间呈显著的正相关(r=0.26,P<0.05).结论 肺癌患者血清VEGF水平与患者的预后密切相关,血清VEGF是评估肺癌患者预后的重要指标.肺癌患者血清VEGF水平与PLT水平密切相关,血小板在肿瘤血管形成的过程中可能起重要的作用.%Objective To investigate the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in patients with lung cancer and to explore the relationship between the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor on prognosis and platelet. Methods The serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor were measured in sixty patients with lung cancer and twenty normal controls by enzyme -linked immunosorbent assay, the platelet counts were measured. Results The serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in patients with lung cancer were significantly higher than those in normal controis. The serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in patients with lung cancer were not related to histological classification, P- TNM. There was negative correlation between the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in patients with lung cancer and survival( r = -0.38, P < 0.01 ),the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor positively correlated to platelet counts( r =0.26,P <0.05). Conclusion There was significantly correlation between the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in patients with lung cancer and prognosis, the

  8. Adverse perinatal outcomes in preeclampsia and risk factors%子痫前期及其高危因素对围产儿结局的不良影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋萌; 林建华

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the impact of preeclampsia(PE) and risk factors for perinatal outcomes.Methods:According to research status at home and abroad,a random investigation of 154 pregnant women with or without high-risk factors,who did pre-pregnancy physical examinations and deliveries from Apr.2011 to Jan.2012 at Renji Hospital,Medical School of Shanghai Jiaotong University.Finally,there were 50 cases of PE and 104 cases of non-PE.Perinatal outcomes in preeclampsia and risk factors were analyzed by tracking pregnancy outcomes with acquisition of medical history and laboratory tests.Results:(1) Neonatal weight and gestational age of the preeclampsia group was significantly less than that of the non-preeclampsia group.(2)The multiple of incidence rate in preeclampsia group was 4.64 times,2.32 times,4.61 times,2.66 times and 6.38 times,respectively,compared to non-preeclampsia group in fetal growth restriction (FGR),fetal distress,premature delivery,stillbirth and neonatal asphyxia,while the incidence of FGR,fetal distress and preterm birth were statistically significant higher (P<0.05).(3)Neonatal asphyxia,FGR,fetal distress and perinatal death rate increased significantly when MAP ≥ 85mmHg,proteinuria,abnormal uterine/umbilical artery blood flow,DD>0.246μg/ml,FDP>4μg/ml,PAGT>40%.Different risk factors threatened perinatal outcome differently while the abnormal uterine/umbilical artery blood flow threatened most (P<0.05).Conclusions:Preeclampsia can lead to adverse perinatal outcomes.It may help to prevent PE and perinatal adverse outcomes with strict screening for high-risk pregnant women and close monitoring of the growth.%目的:探讨子痫前期(PE)及其高危因素对围产儿结局的影响.方法:根据国内外资料统计的PE高危因素,筛选2011年4月至2012年1月在上海交通大学医学院附属仁济医院妇产科产检和分娩的正常及存在高危因素的孕妇154例,最终发展为PE的孕妇50例,非PE孕妇104例.

  9. Reverse Engineering Adverse Outcome Pathways

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perkins, Edward; Chipman, J.K.; Edwards, Stephen; Habib, Tanwir; Falciani, Francesco; Taylor, Ronald C.; Van Aggelen, Graham; Vulpe, Chris; Antczak, Philipp; Loguinov, Alexandre

    2011-01-30

    The toxicological effects of many stressors are mediated through unknown, or poorly characterized, mechanisms of action. We describe the application of reverse engineering complex interaction networks from high dimensional omics data (gene, protein, metabolic, signaling) to characterize adverse outcome pathways (AOPs) for chemicals that disrupt the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal endocrine axis in fathead minnows. Gene expression changes in fathead minnow ovaries in response to 7 different chemicals, over different times, doses, and in vivo versus in vitro conditions were captured in a large data set of 868 arrays. We examined potential AOPs of the antiandrogen flutamide using two mutual information theory methods, ARACNE and CLR to infer gene regulatory networks and potential adverse outcome pathways. Representative networks from these studies were used to predict a network path from stressor to adverse outcome as a candidate AOP. The relationship of individual chemicals to an adverse outcome can be determined by following perturbations through the network in response to chemical treatment leading to the nodes associated with the adverse outcome. Identification of candidate pathways allows for formation of testable hypotheses about key biologic processes, biomarkers or alternative endpoints, which could be used to monitor an adverse outcome pathway. Finally, we identify the unique challenges facing the application of this approach in ecotoxicology, and attempt to provide a road map for the utilization of these tools. Key Words: mechanism of action, toxicology, microarray, network inference

  10. Cancer Patients, Doctors Often Disagree about Prognosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_159903.html Cancer Patients, Doctors Often Disagree About Prognosis Those with advanced disease are likely to be more optimistic than their doctor, study shows To use the sharing features on ...

  11. The prognosis of idiopathic generalized epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seneviratne, Udaya; Cook, Mark; D'Souza, Wendyl

    2012-12-01

    Prognosis describes the trajectory and long-term outcome of a condition. Most studies indicate a better prognosis in idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) in comparison with other epilepsy syndromes. Studies looking at the long-term outcome of different IGE syndromes are relatively scant. Childhood absence epilepsy appears to have a higher rate of remission compared to juvenile absence epilepsy. In absence epilepsies, development of myoclonus and generalized tonic-clonic seizures predicts lower likelihood of remission. Although most patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) achieve remission on antiepileptic drug therapy, remission without treatment. Data on the prognosis of other IGE syndromes are scarce. There are contradictory findings reported on the value of electroencephalography as a predictor of prognosis. Comparisons are made difficult by study heterogeneity, particularly in methodology and diagnostic criteria.

  12. Comparative analysis on the influence factors of short-term and long-term prognosis in patients with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure%乙型肝炎相关慢加急性肝衰竭早期及远期预后的影响因素比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏向群; 蒋素文; 胡爱荣; 胡耀仁; 胡婷; 金珊珊; 邓勤智

    2016-01-01

    目的 对比分析乙型肝炎相关慢加急性肝衰竭(ACLF)早期(6个月)及远期(10年)预后的影响因素,为指导临床治疗及随访管理提供参考价值.方法 选取2001年1月至2009年12月住院的524例ACLF患者的临床资料,随访终止时间为2013年12月;所有患者均给予内科综合治疗,并依据患者的知情选择给予或不给予核苷/核苷酸类药物(NAs)和人工肝治疗,对可能影响其预后的因素进行Cox回归分析.结果 ACLF患者近期预后的影响因素大小依次为终末期肝病模型评分、患者年龄、中性粒细胞比率、合并肝性脑病、NAs抗病毒治疗与否、HBV DNA水平、人工肝血浆置换治疗次数、胆碱酯酶和总胆红素(P<0.05);远期预后的影响因素大小依次为患者年龄、NAs应用与否、MELD评分、胆碱酯酶、伴随感染、白细胞计数、患者性别和肝性脑病(P<0.05),其中NAs抗病毒治疗是一个时间依赖性的独立预后因素.结论 ACLF早期及远期预后的影响因素有所差异,患者的早期治疗及远期随访管理均需要持续NAs抗病毒治疗、改善肝脏功能、防治感染和肝性脑病等并发症,早期治疗还需要积极给予人工肝治疗.%Objective To comparative analyze the influence factors of short-term (6 months) and long-term (10 years) prognosis in patients with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF),and to provide some reference values on clinic therapy and follow-up management.Methods The data of 524 hospitalized patients with ACLF from January 2001 to December 2009 were analyzed retrospectively.The follow-up termination time was December 2013.Patients were all given internal medical therapy,and were given antiviral therapy with nucleoside and nucleotide analogs (NAs) (yes/no) and plasma exchange in artificial liver support system (yes/no) according to the patient's informed choice.The method of Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the short-term prognostic

  13. Long term prognosis of reactive salmonella arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Leirisalo-Repo, M; Helenius, P; Hannu, T; Lehtinen, A; Kreula, J; Taavitsainen, M; Koskimies, S

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES—Reactive joint complications triggered by salmonella gastroenteritis are increasingly reported, but the outcome and long term prognosis of the patients is incompletely known. This study looked at the prognosis of salmonella arthritis in patients hospitalised in 1970-1986.
METHODS—Hospital records from two hospitals in southern Finland were screened for patients with the discharge diagnosis of salmonellosis or reactive, postinfectious arthritis or Reiter's disease. For the patients ...

  14. Machinery prognostics and prognosis oriented maintenance management

    CERN Document Server

    Yan, Jihong

    2014-01-01

    This book gives a complete presentatin of the basic essentials of machinery prognostics and prognosis oriented maintenance management, and takes a look at the cutting-edge discipline of intelligent failure prognosis technologies for condition-based maintenance.  Latest research results and application methods are introduced for signal processing, reliability moelling, deterioration evaluation, residual life prediction and maintenance-optimization as well as applications of these methods.

  15. 急性重症胰腺炎患者血脂水平变化及预后不良的危险因素分析%Changes in Serum Lipid Levels and Risk Factors for Poor Prognosis in Patients with Severe Acute Pancreatitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游红勇; 陈智敏; 白燕; 杜成友; 陈开全

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the changes in serum lipid levels and the risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with severe acute pancreatitis .Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted in 100 patients with acute severe pancreatitis ( survival 87 cases and 13 cases died ) , the serum lipid level on the first day after admission was tested .The clinical data of survival group and death group were analyzed to explore the risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with acute severe pancreatitis .Results There was no significant difference in gender and CT score between two groups(P>0.05).The age,APACHEⅡ score,Ranson score and duration in the survival group were significantly smaller or less than those in the death group (P0.05).Unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that age ,high TG levels,high APACHEⅡscore were independent risk factors for severe acute pancreatitis patients with poor prognosis (P<0.05).Conclusion Age,high TG levels,high APACHE Ⅱ score are independent risk factor for severe acute pancreatitis patients with poor prognosis .%目的:探讨急性重症胰腺炎患者血脂水平变化及预后不良的危险因素。方法对100例急性重症胰腺炎患者(存活87例,死亡13例)的临床资料进行回顾性分析,测定患者入院后第1天血脂水平。对比分析存活组和死亡组的临床资料,探讨急性重症胰腺炎患者预后不良的危险因素。结果两组性别、CT评分比较,差异无统计学意义( P>0.05)。存活组年龄、APACHEⅡ评分、Ranson评分、病程均明显小于或低于死亡组( P<0.05)。存活组入院后次日TC、TG均明显低于死亡组( P<0.05),而HDL、LDL 差异无统计学意义( P>0.05)。非条件logistic回归分析结果显示,年龄大、TG水平高、APACHEⅡ评分高是急性重症胰腺炎患者预后不良的独立危险因素( P<0.05)。结论年龄大、TG水平高、APACHEⅡ评分高是急性重症

  16. Comprehensive clinical effect of total removal or subtotal resection under microscope of gliomas and prognosis influe ncing factors%显微镜下全切或次全切术治疗脑胶质瘤的综合疗效及预后影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈波; 陈谦学

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨显微手术对脑胶质瘤的疗效及患者术后1年预后的影响因素。方法2012年9月—2014年9月收治的80例脑胶质瘤患者按随机数字表法分为研究组和对照组各40例,研究组在显微镜下行全切或次全切术,对照组行常规开颅切除手术;比较2组患者手术前1 d、术后3个月、术后6个月认知功能( MMSE评分)和日常生活能力( ADL评分),并检测脑脊液精氨酸加压素( AVP)、催产素( OT)、β-内啡肽(β-EP)、肿瘤坏死因子-α( TNF-α)水平。患者术后随访1年,分析患者性别、年龄、肿瘤分级、瘤体大小等一般资料与预后的关系。结果研究组术后1年MMSE评分明显高于对照组,ADL评分显著低于对照组( t =9.372、5.100, P 0.05)。研究组术后偏瘫5例,失语症2例,并发症发生率为17.5%(7/40);对照组偏瘫5例,失语症1例,感染3例,并发症发生率为22.5%(9/40),2组患者术后并发症发生率比较差异无统计学意义(χ2=0.781, P >0.05)。多因素分析显示病理分级、肿瘤大小是脑胶质瘤预后的危险因素,术后放化疗是预后的保护因素(RR=1.094、1.387、0.513, P均0. 05). After operation, study group had hemiplegia in 5 cases, 2 cases of aphasia, complication rate was 17. 5% (7/40);control group had hemiplegia in 5 cases, 1 cases of aphasia, 3 cases of infection, complication rate was 22. 5% (9/40), two groups of patients’ postoperative complication rate did not show statistically significant differences (χ2 =0. 781, P >0. 05). Multivariate analysis showed that pathological grading and tumor size are the risk factors of prognosis of gliomas, postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy are the protective factors for prognosis (RR=1. 094, RR=1. 387, RR=0. 513, P <0. 05). Conclusion Surgical microscope in improving cerebral glioma patients cognition, life ability and level of the neuropeptide as-pects have a significant advantage;pathological grading and tumor size are risk

  17. Analysis on the adverse drug reaction signal and its impact factors induced by oral hypoglycemic agents%口服抗糖尿病药物不良反应信号及其相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯俊; 汤文璐; 薛浩; 庞露微

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究口服抗糖尿病药物不良反应特征,并提供相应临床合理用药的依据.方法 通过上海市不良反应监测中心收集2006至2010年有关口服抗糖尿病药物不良反应的数据,使用描述性统计,logistic回归模型及不相称性,对不良反应发生的特征、风险因子和相关因素进行分析.结果 共获得812例口服抗糖尿病药物的不良反应报告.结果显示老年人和女性占不良反应发生的多数;不良反应级别以一般为主;2009至2010年间作为药品说明书中未记载的新的不良反应有上升的趋势;双胍类及磺酰脲类(SU)不良反应最为突出;logistic回归模型显示女性、日服用药频次多、单一用药是胃肠道不良反应的危险因素.体质量是皮肤损害的危险因素,联合用药、患者年龄大是SU致低血糖的危险因素.不相称性研究同时也得到一些口服抗糖尿病药物致不良反应的信号.结论 口服抗糖尿病药物不良反应累及系统器官广泛,像性别、年龄、体质量、用药频次、是否联合用药都会在一定程度上影响不良反应的发生.故口服抗糖尿病药物在临床使用时应加强不良反应监测,重视和控制其风险因子,以期更合理安全地用药.%AIM To study the feature and regularity of adverse drug reaction (ADR) induced by oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) and provide reasonable advice for clinical use.METHODS By collecting ADR reports of OHAs from database of Shanghai ADR spontaneous reporting system from 2006 to 2010,we made through analysis on the character and risk factors of ADR induced by OHAs using descriptive statistics and logistic regression model,and also applied disproportional measures on data mining of ADR signal and its relevant factors.RESULTS A total of 812 ADR reports induced by OHAs were included in this study.The results indicated that the senior and female patients were mostly concerned,and mainly marked as moderately injured

  18. Analysis of the Factors and Corresponding Nursing Strategies for Patients With Adverse Emotional Factors in Department of Orthopedics%手术室骨科患者不良情绪的因素分析及相应护理对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢春芝

    2016-01-01

    Objective To analyze the factors of adverse emotional factors and nursing countermeasures of patients with department of orthopedics in operation room. Methods From November 2013 to December 2015,90 cases of department of orthopedics in our hospital were randomly divided into study group and routine group,45 cases in each group,conventional nursing,while the research group was given the operation room management measures,analysis of patients with adverse emotional factors and nursing measures. Results The main adverse mood of the patients included :pain,operation process,environmental unfamiliar,anesthesia process,etc. After taking different nursing measures,the anxiety and depression of the study group was significantly lower than that of the conventional group(P < 0.05). Conclusion The effective nursing intervention can reduce the bad mood of patients in department of orthopedics,and the corresponding stress state plays an improving role.%目的:分析手术室骨科患者不良情绪的因素分析与护理对策。方法2013年11月~2015年12月将我院90例手术室骨科患者通过电脑随机分组的方式,分为研究组和常规组,每组患者均为45例。常规组采用传统护理,而研究组给予手术室管理措施。分析患者不良情绪因素以及护理措施。结果患者不良情绪主要包括:疼痛、手术过程、环境陌生、麻醉过程等。采取不同护理措施后,研究组患者的焦虑和抑郁低于常规组(P <0.05),组间比较具备差异。结论实施有效的护理干预能够降低手术室骨科患者的不良情绪,对应激状态起到改善作用,为良好手术奠定基础。

  19. Radiation Therapy Overcomes Adverse Prognostic Role of Cyclooxygenase-2 Expression on Reed-Sternberg Cells in Early Hodgkin Lymphoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To analyze the role of radiation therapy (RT) on the adverse prognostic influence of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression on Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells, in the setting of early Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) treated with ABVD (adriamycin, vinblastine, bleomycin, dacarbazine). Methods and Materials: In the present study we retrospectively investigated the prognostic value of COX-2 expression in a large (n=143), uniformly treated early HL population from the Spanish Network of HL using tissue microarrays. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done, including the most recognized clinical variables and the potential role of administration of adjuvant RT. Results: Median age was 31 years; the expression of COX-2 defined a subgroup with significantly worse prognosis. Considering COX-2+ patients, those who received RT had significantly better 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) (80% vs 54% if no RT; P=.008). In contrast, COX-2− patients only had a modest, nonsignificant benefit from RT in terms of 5-year PFS (90% vs 79%; P=.13). When we compared the outcome of patients receiving RT considering the expression of COX-2 on RS cells, we found a nonsignificant 10% difference in terms of PFS between COX-2+ and COX-2− patients (P=.09), whereas the difference between the 2 groups was important (25%) in patients not receiving RT (P=.04). Conclusions: Cyclooxygenase-2 RS cell expression is an adverse independent prognostic factor in early HL. Radiation therapy overcomes the worse prognosis associated with COX-2 expression on RS cells, acting in a chemotherapy-independent way. Cyclooxygenase-2 RS cell expression may be useful for determining patient candidates with early HL to receive consolidation with RT

  20. Radiation Therapy Overcomes Adverse Prognostic Role of Cyclooxygenase-2 Expression on Reed-Sternberg Cells in Early Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mestre, Francisco [Service of Radiation Therapy, University Hospital Son Espases, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma, Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Gutiérrez, Antonio, E-mail: antoniom.gutierrez@ssib.es [Service of Hematology, University Hospital Son Espases, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma, Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Rodriguez, Jose [MD Anderson Cancer Center, Madrid (Spain); Ramos, Rafael [Service of Pathology, University Hospital Son Espases, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma, Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Garcia, Juan Fernando [Spanish National Cancer Research Centre, Madrid (Spain); Martinez-Serra, Jordi [Service of Hematology, University Hospital Son Espases, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma, Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Casasus, Marta; Nicolau, Cristina [Service of Radiation Therapy, Policlinica Miramar, Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Bento, Leyre; Herraez, Ines [Service of Hematology, University Hospital Son Espases, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma, Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Lopez-Perezagua, Paloma [Service of Radiology, IDISPA, Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Daumal, Jaime [Service of Nuclear Medicine, IDISPA, Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Besalduch, Joan [Service of Hematology, University Hospital Son Espases, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma, Palma de Mallorca (Spain)

    2015-05-01

    Purpose: To analyze the role of radiation therapy (RT) on the adverse prognostic influence of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression on Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells, in the setting of early Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) treated with ABVD (adriamycin, vinblastine, bleomycin, dacarbazine). Methods and Materials: In the present study we retrospectively investigated the prognostic value of COX-2 expression in a large (n=143), uniformly treated early HL population from the Spanish Network of HL using tissue microarrays. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done, including the most recognized clinical variables and the potential role of administration of adjuvant RT. Results: Median age was 31 years; the expression of COX-2 defined a subgroup with significantly worse prognosis. Considering COX-2{sup +} patients, those who received RT had significantly better 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) (80% vs 54% if no RT; P=.008). In contrast, COX-2{sup −} patients only had a modest, nonsignificant benefit from RT in terms of 5-year PFS (90% vs 79%; P=.13). When we compared the outcome of patients receiving RT considering the expression of COX-2 on RS cells, we found a nonsignificant 10% difference in terms of PFS between COX-2{sup +} and COX-2{sup −} patients (P=.09), whereas the difference between the 2 groups was important (25%) in patients not receiving RT (P=.04). Conclusions: Cyclooxygenase-2 RS cell expression is an adverse independent prognostic factor in early HL. Radiation therapy overcomes the worse prognosis associated with COX-2 expression on RS cells, acting in a chemotherapy-independent way. Cyclooxygenase-2 RS cell expression may be useful for determining patient candidates with early HL to receive consolidation with RT.

  1. Eventos adversos pós-vacina contra a difteria, coqueluche e tétano e fatores associados à sua gravidade Adverse events following diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus vaccinations and factors associated with severity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Ramos Martin de Freitas

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os eventos adversos pós-vacina contra a difteria, coqueluche e tétano (EAPV-DPT e os fatores associados à sua gravidade. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com componente descritivo e analítico, abrangendo os eventos adversos pós-vacina DPT notificados no Estado de São Paulo, de 1984 a 2001, entre crianças menores de sete anos de idade. A definição de caso foi a adotada pela vigilância de EAPV-DPT; os dados obtidos foram originados da vigilância passiva desses eventos. No cálculo das taxas, o numerador foram os EAPV e o denominador o número de doses aplicadas. A associação entre a gravidade dos EAPV-DPT e as exposições de interesse foi investigada pelas estimativas não ajustadas e ajustadas da odds ratio, com os respectivos intervalos de 95% de confiança, usando regressão logística não condicional. RESULTADOS: Identificaram-se 10.059 EAPV-DPT relativos a 6.266 crianças, apresentando um ou mais EAPV, 29,5% foram internadas e em 68,2% houve contra-indicação das doses subseqüentes de DPT. Cerca de 75% dos eventos ocorreram nas primeiras seis horas após a aplicação da vacina. Os eventos mais freqüentes foram: febreOBJECTIVE: To analyze adverse events following vaccinations against diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (AEFV-DPT and to investigate factors associated with event severity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a descriptive and analytical component covering AEFV-DPT that were notified in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, between 1984 and 2001, among children less than seven years old. Cases were defined as used in AEFV-DPT surveillance; the data source was AEFV-DPT passive surveillance. In calculating the rates, the numerator was the number of AEFV-DPT and as denominator was the number of doses applied. The association between severity of AEFV-DPT and the exposures of interest was investigated by means of non-adjusted and adjusted estimates of odds ratios, with their respective 95

  2. Kinome expression profiling and prognosis of basal breast cancers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacquemier Jocelyne

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Basal breast cancers (BCs represent ~15% of BCs. Although overall poor, prognosis is heterogeneous. Identification of good- versus poor-prognosis patients is difficult or impossible using the standard histoclinical features and the recently defined prognostic gene expression signatures (GES. Kinases are often activated or overexpressed in cancers, and constitute targets for successful therapies. We sought to define a prognostic model of basal BCs based on kinome expression profiling. Methods DNA microarray-based gene expression and histoclinical data of 2515 early BCs from thirteen datasets were collected. We searched for a kinome-based GES associated with disease-free survival (DFS in basal BCs of the learning set using a metagene-based approach. The signature was then tested in basal tumors of the independent validation set. Results A total of 591 samples were basal. We identified a 28-kinase metagene associated with DFS in the learning set (N = 73. This metagene was associated with immune response and particularly cytotoxic T-cell response. On multivariate analysis, a metagene-based predictor outperformed the classical prognostic factors, both in the learning and the validation (N = 518 sets, independently of the lymphocyte infiltrate. In the validation set, patients whose tumors overexpressed the metagene had a 78% 5-year DFS versus 54% for other patients (p = 1.62E-4, log-rank test. Conclusions Based on kinome expression, we identified a predictor that separated basal BCs into two subgroups of different prognosis. Tumors associated with higher activation of cytotoxic tumor-infiltrative lymphocytes harbored a better prognosis. Such classification should help tailor the treatment and develop new therapies based on immune response manipulation.

  3. Research on geological modeling and integrated prognosis technologies for uranium deposit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to continuously rapid development of China's national economy, the demand on energy is increasing urgently, therefore, nuclear power become one of the necessary to the sustainable development of China's future energy. With more and more effort on uranium exploration, undiscovered uranium mineralization near surface and in subsurface is getting less, and it is more and more difficult to find U deposit directly by traditional surface survey. To meet the higher demand in the evaluation and prognosis of U resources, this paper introduces detailedly and systematically the uranium geological modeling and the prognosis technologies through integrated geological data. Guided by geodynamics, metallogenic dynamics and U metallogenetic theory, the geotectonic, geophysical, geochemical and remote sensing data of the known U deposits has been studied to summarize the prognosis factors and build geological models of U deposits. The model and prognosis factors are then transformed into evaluation and prognosis model in GIS. With GIS we can, estimate U resource amount in analogy districts in the outlined U metallogenetic prognosis zone. All the above study have resulted in an integrate set of operating method and technical flow for U resource potential evaluation. (author)

  4. Differences in risk factors between anterior and posterior circulation affecting young ischemic stroke onset and prognosis%影响青年缺血性脑卒中短期预后危险因素的前后循环差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨姗杉; 贾建平

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨常见危险因素与中国北方青年前后循环缺血性脑卒中及其短期预后的关系,为临床的预防和治疗提供依据.方法 本研究人选中国北方青年缺血性脑卒中患者446例,均来自首都医科大学宣武医院神经科2001-2010年间住院患者,其中单纯前循环353例、非前循环93例;单纯后循环56例、非后循环390例;同时累及前后循环37例,非前后循环同时受累409例.用非条件Logistic回归方法分析确定预测前后循环病变发生及影响其短期预后的危险因素.结果 Logistic回归分析得出的预测因素包括:年龄增长、高白细胞计数增加非前循环病变发生风险(OR0.951,P =0.030;OR0.876,P=0.014);饮酒史增加单纯后循环病变发生风险(OR1.856,P=0.047);高NIHSS评分,高总胆固醇含量预示单纯前循环病变短期预后不良(OR 1.884,P=0.000;OR1.792,P=0.008).结论 年龄、白细胞计数、饮酒、NIHSS评分和总胆固醇与中国北方青年缺血性脑卒中前后循环不同部位病变的发生及短期预后不良密切相关.%Objective To explore different risk factors between anterior and posterior circulation affecting onset and prognosis in the North Chinese young ischemic stroke patients.Methods This study included 446 cases of young ischemic stroke patients in northern China.All patients were recruited from our department from 2001 to 2010,Among them,the lesion sites were anterior circulation infarction (n =353),posterior circulation infarction (n =56) and both anterior and posterior circulation infarction (n =37).Nonconditional Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors of predicting the onset of either anterior or posterior or mixed stroke and their short-term prognosis.Results Advanced age and a higher white blood cell count (WBC) increased the risk of non-anterior circulation lesions (OR 0.951,P =0.030 ;OR 0.876,P =0.014).Patients with a history of alcohol drinking had an

  5. The risk factors of prognosis in the children patients with acute gastrointestinal dysfunction and ;prevention measures%影响并发急性胃肠功能障碍患儿预后的危险因素及防治措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋宏; 封东进; 朱峰; 曹军华; 杨秋丽

    2016-01-01

    目的:分析影响并发急性胃肠功能障碍患儿预后的危险因素,并探讨防治措施。方法回顾性分析125例并发急性胃肠功能障碍患儿的临床资料,采用多因素非条件Logistic回归分析对可能影响患儿预后的危险因素进行分析。结果125例并发急性胃肠功能障碍患儿中,死亡61例,病死率为48.8%。多因素非条件Logistic回归分析显示,循环不良/休克、肝衰竭、脑衰竭为影响并发急性胃肠功能障碍患儿预后的独立危险因素(OR=4.156、3.330、6.903,P<0.05或<0.01)。结论循环不良/休克、肝衰竭、脑衰竭是并发急性胃肠功能障碍患儿死亡的危险因素。%Objective To study the risk factors influencing the prognosis in the children patients with acute gastrointestinal dysfunction and to seek their therapeutic measures. Methods The clinical data of 125 cases patients with acute gastrointestinal dysfunction were retrospectively analyzed. The risk factors possibly influencing the prognosis were analyzed by multivariate statistical Logistic analysis. Results Among 125 children patients, 61 cases died, and the mortality rate was 48.8%. Logistic regression analysis indicated that poor circulation, cardiovascular system failure, hepatic failure, brain failure were significant risk factors of death associated with acute gastrointestinal dysfunction. (OR = 4.156, 3.330, 6.903, P<0.05 or<0.01). Conclusions Poor circulation, cardiovascular system failure, hepatic failure and brain failure are significant risk factors of death associated with acute gastrointestinal dysfunction.

  6. Tetany: Possible adverse effect of bevacizumab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S R Anwikar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Bevacizumab a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody was approved in 2004 by US FDA for metastatic colorectal cancer. It is reported to cause potentially serious toxicities including severe hypertension, proteinuria, and congestive heart failure. Aim: To correlate adverse event tetany with the use of bevacizumab. Materials and Methods : World Health Organization′s Uppsala Monitoring Centre, Sweden, for reporting of adverse drug reactions from all over the world, identified 7 cases with tetany-related symptoms to bevacizumab from four different countries. These 7 patients reported to UMC database developed adverse events described as musculoskeletal stiffness (1, muscle spasm (1, muscle cramps (1, lock jaw or jaw stiffness (4, and hypertonia (1, with hypocalcaemia. Results: After detailed study of the possible mechanism of actions of bevacizumab and factors causing tetany, it is proposed that there is a possibility of tetany by bevacizumab, which may occur by interfering with calcium metabolism. Resorption of bone through osteoclasts by affecting VEGF may interfere with calcium metabolism. Another possibility of tetany may be due to associated hypomagnesaemia, hypokalemia, or hyponatremia. Conclusions: Tetany should be considered as a one of the signs. Patient on bevacizumab should carefully watch for tetany-related symptoms and calcium and magnesium levels for their safety.

  7. Influence factor of the prognosis of traumatic subretinal hemorrhage after vitreo-retinal surgery%玻璃体视网膜手术治疗外伤性视网膜下出血的预后影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高新晓; 姜燕荣

    2010-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the influence factor of the prognosis of traumatic subretinal hemorrhage after vitreo-retinal surgery. Methods The clinical data of 50 patients with traumatic subretinal hemorrhage who had undergone vitreo-retinal surgery were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had ocular traurnatie history and subretinal hemorrhage diagnosed by fundus and B-scan examination; the preoperative visual acuity was less than 0. 1. According to different conditions, the traumatic eyes were treated with vitreo-retinal surgery, combined with lensectomy, retinotomy or silicone oil tamponade, respectively. The period of follow-up after surgery was 2-53 months, and the average period was 7.27 months. The corrected visual acuity and retinal reattachment at the last follow-up were observed. The visual acuity ≥0. 1 was the standard of good prognosis; retina[ reattachment was observed by indirect ophthalmoscope and color fundus photography. The prognostic factors mainly included type of injury, open or closed injury, the disease course, preoperative visual acuity, retinal detachment, hemorrhagic choroidal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, the sites of submacular hemorrhage, methods of surgery. The relationships between those prognostic factors and visual acuity outcome or retinal reattachment were analyzed by χ2 test and logistic regression analysis. Results About 46.0% patients had good prognosis of the visualacuity. In the eyes with preoperative visual acuity of no light perception to hand moving and finger counting to 0. 1, the rate of good visual aeuitywas 34. 2% and 83.3%, respectively; the difference between the two groups was significant(χ2=8. 860, P = 0.003). In the eyes with or without preoperative retinal detachment, the rate of good visual acuity was 37.5% and 80. 0%, respectively; the difference between the two groups was significant (χ2=4. 232,P=0. 040). In the eyes with subretinal hemorrhage involving the macular fovea or not, the rate of good visual

  8. Assessing risk factors for adverse birth outcomes and early childhood respiratory illness: an examination of supplement initiation and participation in Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children during pregnancy

    OpenAIRE

    Alfonso, Vivian

    2015-01-01

    In the United States, rate of preterm birth peaked in 2006 and little progress has been made to date despite ambitious Healthy People 2020 goals. Infants born premature are at higher risk of death and disability, including psychological conditions, learning difficulties and medical disabilities, than term newborns. Additionally, adverse birth outcomes are associated with asthma, the leading cause of chronic childhood illness and disability. According to the ‘Barker hypothesis’, intrauterin...

  9. 湖北民族学院附属民大医院药品不良反应相关因素分析%Related Factors of Adverse Drug Reactions in Hubei University for Nationalities Affiliated Minda Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红玲; 庄红玲; 谭娜; 郭淑敏; 覃正碧

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:To analyze the related factors of the adverse drug reactions ( ADRs) in Hubei University for Nationalities Affiliated Minda Hospital so as to probe into the characteristics of the ADRs for clinical reference of safe medication.METHODS:A total of 75 ADR cases reported from January 2012 to October 2014 in this hospital were analyzed with regard to patients'age, drug type, routes of administration, ADR-involved organs or systems, and medication information and outcomes of the new and severe ADR cases.RESULTS: The ADRs occurred in different age group, and induced mostly by intravenously administered drugs, by anti-infective drugs and traditional Chinese medicine injections, and manifested mostly by the damage of skin and its appendages.The new and serious ADR occurred more often in patients with a history of allergy and in thosev treated with combination of multiple drugs. CONCLUSION:To avoid the risk of medication and reduce the occurrence of ADR in this hospital, it is important to attach great importance to the special population including the infants and elderly and those with hypersensitivity, reduce the ratio of intravenous administration, avoid excessive use of antimicrobial drugs and regulate the use of traditional Chinese medicine injections.%目的:通过对湖北民族学院附属民大医院上报的药品不良反应( ADR)及相关因素进行分析,了解药品不良反应发生特点,为临床安全用药提供依据。方法:收集该院2012年1月至2014年10月上报的200例ADR报告,对发生ADR的患者年龄、药品类别、用药途径、发生部位以及新发严重ADR的用药信息及转归等情况进行汇总统计分析。结果:ADR可涉及任意年龄阶段,静脉给药方式是引起ADR的主要途径,涉及药物以抗感染药物、中药注射剂为主,临床表现以皮肤及其附件损害的表现多见。新发严重ADR多发生在有过敏史的患者,且联合用药品种较多。结论:关

  10. Pharmacogenetics of idiosyncratic adverse drug reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirmohamed, Munir

    2010-01-01

    Idiosyncratic adverse drug reactions are unpredictable and thought to have an underlying genetic etiology. With the completion of the human genome and HapMap projects, together with the rapid advances in genotyping technologies, we have unprecedented capabilities in identifying genetic predisposing factors for these relatively rare, but serious, reactions. The main roadblock to this is the lack of sufficient numbers of well-characterized samples from patients with such reactions. This is now beginning to be solved through the formation of international consortia, including developing novel ways of identifying and recruiting patients affected by these reactions, both prospectively and retrospectively. This has been led by the research on abacavir hypersensitivity - its association with HLA-B*5701 forms the gold standard of how we need to identify associations and implement them in clinical practice. Strong genetic predisposing factors have also been identified for hypersensitivity reactions such as are associated with carbamazepine, allopurinol, flucloxacillin, and statin-induced myopathy. However, for most other idiosyncratic adverse drug reactions, the genetic effect sizes have been low to moderate, although this may partly be due to the fact that only small numbers have been investigated and limited genotyping strategies have been utilized. It may also indicate that genetic predisposition will be dependent on multiple genes, with complex interactions with environmental factors. Irrespective of the strength of the genetic associations identified with individual idiosyncratic adverse drug reactions, it is important to undertake functional investigations to provide insights into the mechanism(s) of how the drug interacts with the gene variant to lead to a phenotype, which can take a multitude of clinical forms with variable severity. Such investigations will be essential in preventing the burden caused by idiosyncratic reactions, both in healthcare and in industry

  11. Adverse Childhood Experiences and Hallucinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitfield, C.L.; Dube, S.R.; Felitti, V.J.; Anda, R.F.

    2005-01-01

    Objective:: Little information is available about the contribution of multiple adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to the likelihood of reporting hallucinations. We used data from the ACE study to assess this relationship. Methods:: We conducted a survey about childhood abuse and household dysfunction while growing up, with questions about health…

  12. Dynamic Insurance and Adverse Selection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.C.W. Janssen (Maarten); V.A. Karamychev (Vladimir)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractWe take a dynamic perspective on insurance markets under adverse selection and study a generalized Rothschild and Stiglitz model where agents may differ with respect to the accidental probability and their expenditure levels in case an accident occurs. We investigate the nature of dynami

  13. Study and evaluation of the various cutaneous adverse drug reactions in Kasturba hospital, Manipal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghosh S

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study emphasizes on implementation of the adverse drug reaction reporting and monitoring system, in the Dermatology department of Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, by a clinical pharmacist, using different promotional activities. Documented adverse drug reactions were assessed and analyzed for incidence, purpose of visit, types, drug classes, individual drug causing adverse drug reactions, type of cutaneous reaction, and various predisposing factors. Management and outcome of the adverse drug reactions were also studied. Adverse drug reactions were also assessed for causality, using Naranjo′s scale, severity, and preventability, using Hartwig et al. scale. Adverse drug reaction attributes to 77% of the hospital visit. Incidence of reported cutaneous adverse drug reactions, were 2.85%. Majority of the adverse drug reactions (96% were of type B. Antibiotics (30%, were the common class of drugs, causing a cutaneous adverse drug reactions. Maximum number of adverse drug reactions were due to Acetaminophen, Amoxicillin, antitubercular drugs, and Phenytoin. Most of the adverse drug reactions were managed by withdrawal of drug (81%, and 58% patients were recovered from the reaction. Naranjos scale classifies, 29 as probable, 21 as possible, and 3 as definite adverse drug reactions. Most of the adverse drug reactions were of moderate severity, however 13 adverse drug reactions were severe. All the adverse drug reactions were probably preventable on extreme caution.

  14. Childhood adversities as a predictor of disability retirement

    OpenAIRE

    Harkonmäki, K.; Korkeila, K.; Vahtera, J; Kivimäki, M; Suominen, S; Sillanmäki, L.; Koskenvuo, M

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is a large body of research on adulthood risk factors for retirement due to disability, but studies on the effect of adverse childhood experiences are scarce. AIM: To examine whether adverse childhood experiences predict disability retirement. METHODS: Data were derived from the Health and Social Support Study. The information was gathered from postal surveys in 1998 (baseline) and in 2003 (follow-up questionnaire). The analysed data consisted of 8817 non-retired respondents...

  15. Risk factors for the long-term prognosis of patients undergoing heart valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting%心瓣膜置换术同期行冠状动脉旁路移植术患者长期预后的危险因素探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪丙荣

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the risk factors for the long-term prognosis of patients undergoing heart valve replacement ( HVR ) and coronary artery bypass grafting ( CABG). Methods Fifty-seven patients who underwent HVR combined with CABG in our center were selected as the study objects, CABG combined with aortic operation were performed in 13 cases,CABG combined with double valve replacement were performed in 16 cases and CABG combined with mitral surgery were peformed in 28 cases; The mean number of the graft vessels was ( 1. 97 ?1. 36 ). The follow-up data were collected. Cox proportional hazard model was used to perform the univariate and multivariate analysis of risk factors. Results Fifty-five patients were followed up with the mean time of(57. 37 ?13. 98)months. Two patients were out of follow-up and 7 patients died; Cox proportional hazard model revealed that age > 70 years, pre-existing diabetes,history of myocardical infarction,chronic lung diseases,previous infarction,and left ventricular e-jection fraction (LVEF) =S40% were the independent risk factors for the long-term prognosis in patients undergoing HVR combined with CABG. Conclusion Age, pre-existing diabetes, history of myocardical infarction, chronic lung diseases,previous infarction,and LVEF<40% were the risk factors for the long-term prognosis in patients undergoing HVR combined with CABG.%目的 探讨影响心瓣膜置换术同期行冠状动脉旁路移植术(CABG)患者长期预后的危险因素.方法 57例同期行心脏瓣膜置换术和冠状动脉旁路移植术的患者,同行CABG和主动脉手术13例,同行CABG和双瓣膜手术16例,同行CABG和二尖瓣手术28例;移植血管(1.97±1.36)支.通过随访获取数据,对潜在危险因素先用Cox比例风险模型进行单变量分析,再将有统计学意义(P<0.05)的危险因素纳入Cox多变量回归.结果 失访2例,随访55例,平均随访时间(57.37±13.98)个月,随访期间共7例死亡;高龄(年龄>70岁)、

  16. Effect of Early Intensive Insulin Therapy on Inflammatory Factors and Prognosis of Severe Acute Pancreatitis Patients%早期胰岛素强化治疗对急性重症胰腺炎患者炎症因子及预后的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎辉

    2015-01-01

    Objective :To explore the effect of early intensive insulin therapy on inflammatory factors and prognosis of severe acute pancreatitis patients .Methods :Selected 68 cases of severe acute pancreatitis patients in our hospital from June 2012 to September 2014 for sampling ,were randomly divided into two groups ,the control group received routine treatment ,the experimental group implementation of early intensive insulin therapy ,compared serum levels of inflam‐matory mediators of two groups to improve the condition and prognosis .Results:(1) Compared to TNF‐α,CRP ,IL‐8 level :1d after treatment ,the levels of CRP and TNF‐αof experimental group were significantly lower than that of con‐trol group (P<0 .05);after treatment 3d and 7d ,the level of CRP ,IL‐8 and TNF‐αin experimental group were lower than control group (P< 0 .05);(2) prognosis :hospitalization time in experimental group was shorter than control group (P<0 .05) ,after 72h treatment APACCHE Ⅱ score was lower than control group (P<0 .05) .Conclusion:The clinical effect of early intensive insulin therapy on patients with severe acute pancreatitis is definite ,can regulate the body high inflammatory state in patients ,improve prognosis ,clinical attention should be paid .%目的:探究早期胰岛素强化治疗对急性重症胰腺炎患者炎症因子及预后的影响。方法:择取我院2012年6月-2014年9月收治的急性重症胰腺炎患者进行抽样,选取68例患者随机分成两组,对照组实施常规治疗,实验组实施早期胰岛素强化治疗,对比两组血清炎症介质水平改善情况及预后状况。结果:(1)TNF‐α、CRP、IL‐8水平比较:于治疗后1d ,实验组CRP、TNF‐α水平明显均低于对照组(P<0.05);于治疗后3、7d ,实验组CRP、IL‐8及 TNF‐α水平均低于对照组(P<0.05);(2)预后比较:实验组住院时间明显短于对照组(P<0.05),治疗72h后APACCHE

  17. 星形细胞瘤中P53、VEGF及PCNA表达的相关性及其与预后的关系%Expressions of P53, vascular endothelial growth factor and proliferating cell number antigen in astrocytomas and prognosis of these patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖志东; 朱文标; 谢寿城; 黄艳芳; 郑少秋

    2014-01-01

    目的 研究星形细胞瘤中P53、血管内皮因子(VEGF)及增殖细胞核抗原(PCNA)表达的相关性及其与预后的关系.方法 免疫组化染色SP法检测梅州市人民医院自2002年5月至2010年5月首次手术切除的126例不同级别原发性星形细胞瘤标本P53、VEGF及PCNA的表达,分析其相关性及其预后意义.结果 P53、VEGF及PCNA在不同级别的星形细胞瘤中表达不同,随着级别的提高而表达强度增加,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);P53与PCNA、P53与VEGF之间表达呈正相关关系(r=0.608,P=0.000; r=0.432,P=0.001).相同级别星形细胞瘤中,P53阳性表达患者预后较差,生存率比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),VEGF及PCNA与预后无关.结论 星形细胞瘤级别提高,P53、VEGF及PCNA的表达强度增加;P53可作为判断肿瘤预后的指标之一.%Objective To study the expressions of P53,vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in astrocytomas and their relationships with prognosis of these patients.Methods Immunohistochemical SP method was employed to detect the P53,VEGF and PCNA expression in 126 cases of human brain astrocytomas of different grades,collected in our hospital from May 2002 to May 2010; their correlations and their significance in the prognosis in these patients were analyzed.Results P53,VEGF,and PCNA expressed differently in astrocytomas of different grades,enjoying a positive relation with grades (P<0.05); positive correlations of between P53 expression and both VEGF and PCNA expressions (r=0.608,P=0.000; r=0.432,P=0.001).In patients with the same grade of astrocytoma,those having positive P53 expression enjoyed poorer prognosis and lower survival rate with significant difference (P<0.05); while VEGF and PCNA expressions had no correlation with the progonosis.Conclusion The expressions of PCNA,VEGF and P53 are closely associated with grade of the astrocytomas,and only P53 expression is an indicator of

  18. Analysis of the clinical features of and responsive factors on the prognosis in patients with fulminant hepatic failure%暴发性肝功能衰竭患者的临床特征及其预后的影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琳; 韩峰; 吴丹; 张丹; 冯国和

    2010-01-01

    of the patients with fulminant hepatic failure were analyzed. Indexes including prothrombin time(PT), the routine biochemical analysis of liver and kidney functions, the plasma levels of glucose and ammonia, cortisol, lipases, amylase, age, gender and complications were analyzed using the software Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS)15.0. The differences between the died and living patients were compared. Results The mortality of the patients was 65% and the highest was 80% for those with HBV and HEV coinfection. The age and gender had no influence on mortality (P value was 0.423 and 0.728 respectively).HBV infection was the main factor which caused fulminant hepatic failure(52%), The next was hepatitis E virus infection (39%). Among the indexes analyzed, the plasma levels of total bilirubin, usea nitrogen, creatinine,glucose, cholesterol and prothrombin time had positive correlations with the prognosis of the patients (P value was 0.005, 0.001, 0.001, 0.005, 0.010 and 0.049 respectively). The incidence rate of hepatic coma,hepatorenal syndrome, and adrenal insufficiency were higher in the died group than that in the living group (P value was 0.005, 0.012 and 0.025 respectively). But prothrombin time was the only factor which had correlation with the prognosis (P=0.035) analyzed by multivariate logistic regression analysis. The scores of MELD were higher in the died group than that in living group (t=18.236, P<0.01) and especially in the patients with hepatic coma and hepatorenal syndrome.The scores of MELD also had positive correlation with the plasma level of TNFα(r=0.585, P<0.01). Conclusions The HBV infection was the main cause of fulminant hepatic failure and HBV and HEV coinfection had the highest mortality. The plasma levels of total bilirubin, cholesterol, glucose, prothrombin time and some complications including hepatic coma, hepatorenal syndrome, and adrenal insufficiency maybe had positive correlations with the prognosis of fulminant hepatic

  19. Adverse effects of anti TB drugs in the treatment of elderly patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and its influencing factors%抗结核药物治疗老年肺结核的不良反应及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马安翠

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the adverse effects of anti TB drugs in the treatment of elderly patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and its influencing factors.Methods:400 cases of elderly patients with pulmonary tuberculosis were selected. They were treated with anti tuberculosis drugs.We analyzed the influencing factors using single factor and multiple factors Logistic regression analysis.Results:In 400 patients,adverse drug reactions occurred in 118 cases(29.5%).Single factor analysis showed that age,body mass index,history of liver disease,treatment type and type of diagnosis were the factors that influence the adverse drug reaction.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age and history of liver disease were the risk factors of adverse drug reaction.Conclusion:Anti TB drugs were used in the treatment of elderly patients with pulmonary tuberculosis,and the incidence of adverse drug reactions was higher.Old age and history of liver disease were the risk factors of adverse drug reactions.In clinical work,we should fully investigate the patient’s medical history and reduce the incidence of adverse reactions.%目的:探讨抗结核药物治疗老年肺结核的不良反应和影响因素。方法:收治老年肺结核患者400例,采用抗结核药物治疗,采用单因素和多因素Logistic回归分析对影响疾病的相关因素进行分析。结果:在400例患者中,118例(29.5%)发生药物不良反应。单因素分析表明,年龄、体重指数、肝病史、治疗类型、诊断类型是影响药物发生不良反应的因素,多因素Logistic回归分析表明,年龄和肝病史是影响药物发生不良反应的危险因素。结论:使用抗结核药物治疗老年肺结核,其药物不良反应发生率较高,高龄和有肝病史是影响药物发生不良反应的危险因素,临床应对患者的病史做好充分调查,降低不良反应发生率。

  20. Human eating: diagnosis and prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, C P

    1996-01-01

    Despite substantial recent progress, we remain without a comprehensive theory of human eating. The constraining influence of the single-factor, hunger-satiety model of feeding in animals is addressed. Three aspects of human eating--counter-regulation in dieters, the effects of social models, and the influence of distress on eating--are reviewed briefly, in an attempt to demonstrate that a simple hunger-satiety model cannot handle the data. It is imperative that we consider social, cognitive, and other influences on eating as important casual agents in their own right; these influences are not necessarily mediated by their effect on hunger-satiety. A comprehensive theory of human eating is not likely to appear soon, but there are grounds for optimism in the process (rather than the final result) of research.

  1. Third generation cephalosporin resistant Enterobacteriaceae and multidrug resistant gram-negative bacteria causing bacteremia in febrile neutropenia adult cancer patients in Lebanon, broad spectrum antibiotics use as a major risk factor, and correlation with poor prognosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rima eMoghnieh

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bacteremia remains a major cause of life-threatening complications in patients receiving anticancer chemotherapy. The spectrum and susceptibility profiles of causative microorganisms differ with time and place. Data from Lebanon are scarce. We aim at evaluating the epidemiology of bacteremia in cancer patients in a university hospital in Lebanon, emphasizing antibiotic resistance and risk factors of multi-drug resistant organism (MDRO-associated bacteremia.This is a retrospective study of 75 episodes of bacteremia occurring in febrile neutropenic patients admitted to the hematology-oncology unit at Makassed General Hospital, Lebanon, from October 2009-January 2012.It corresponds to epidemiological data on bacteremia episodes in febrile neutropenic cancer patients including antimicrobial resistance and identification of risk factors associated with third generation cephalosporin resistance (3GCR and MDRO-associated bacteremia. Out of 75 bacteremias, 42.7% were gram-positive (GP, and 57.3% were gram-negative (GN. GP bacteremias were mostly due to methicillin-resistant coagulase negative staphylococci (28% of total bacteremias and 66% of GP bacteremias. Among the GN bacteremias, Escherichia coli (22.7% of total, 39.5% of GN organisms and Klebsiellapneumoniae(13.3% of total, 23.3% of GN organisms were the most important causative agents. GN bacteremia due to 3GC sensitive (3GCS bacteria represented 28% of total bacteremias, while 29% were due to 3GCR bacteria and 9% were due to carbapenem-resistant organisms. There was a significant correlation between bacteremia with MDRO and subsequent intubation, sepsis and mortality. Among potential risk factors, only broad spectrum antibiotic intake >4 days before bacteremia was found to be statistically significant for acquisition of 3GCR bacteria. Using carbapenems or piperacillin/ tazobactam>4 days before bacteremia was significantly associated with the emergence of MDRO (p value<0.05.

  2. Value of dual time point F-18 FDG-PET/CT imaging for the evaluation of prognosis and risk factors for recurrence in patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Satoh, Yoko, E-mail: pecampecam@yahoo.co.jp [PET Center, Kofu Neurosurgical Hospital, ZIP Code 400-0805, Sakaori 1-16-18, Kofu city, Yamanashi Prefecture (Japan); Nambu, Atsushi, E-mail: nambu-a@gray.plala.or.jp [Department of Radiology, University of Yamanashi, ZIP Code 409-3898, Yamanashi University Faculty of Medicine, Shimokato 1110, Chuo City, Yamanashi Prefecture (Japan); Onishi, Hiroshi, E-mail: honishi@yamanashi.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, University of Yamanashi, ZIP Code 409-3898, Yamanashi University Faculty of Medicine, Shimokato 1110, Chuo City, Yamanashi Prefecture (Japan); Sawada, Eiichi, E-mail: e_sawaday_61674@ybb.ne.jp [Department of Radiology, University of Yamanashi, ZIP Code 409-3898, Yamanashi University Faculty of Medicine, Shimokato 1110, Chuo City, Yamanashi Prefecture (Japan); Tominaga, Licht, E-mail: lichtt@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, University of Yamanashi, ZIP Code 409-3898, Yamanashi University Faculty of Medicine, Shimokato 1110, Chuo City, Yamanashi Prefecture (Japan); Kuriyama, Kengo, E-mail: kuriyama@yamanashi.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, University of Yamanashi, ZIP Code 409-3898, Yamanashi University Faculty of Medicine, Shimokato 1110, Chuo City, Yamanashi Prefecture (Japan); Komiyama, Takafumi, E-mail: takafumi-ymu@umin.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, Kofu Municipal Hospital, ZIP Code 400-0832, Masutsubo-cho 366, Kofu City, Yamanashi Prefecture (Japan); Marino, Kan, E-mail: marino-akrf@ych.pref.yamanashi.jp [Department of Radiology, Yamanashi Prefectural Hospital, ZIP Code 400-8506, Fujimi 1-1-1, Kofu City, Yamanashi Prefecture (Japan); Aoki, Shinichi, E-mail: aokis@yamanashi.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, University of Yamanashi, ZIP Code 409-3898, Yamanashi University Faculty of Medicine, Shimokato 1110, Chuo City, Yamanashi Prefecture (Japan); and others

    2012-11-15

    Purpose: To investigate prognostic and risk factors for recurrence after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in patients with stage I non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), focusing on dual time point [18]F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET). Materials and methods: We prospectively evaluated 57 patients with stage I NSCLC (45 T1N0M0 and 12 T2N0M0) who had undergone pretreatment FDG-PET/CT and were subsequently treated with SBRT. All patients received a whole-body PET/CT scan at 60 min and a whole-lung at 120 min after the injection. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUV) and retention index (RI) of the lesions were calculated. Local recurrence, regional lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and the recurrence pattern were evaluated. Cox proportional hazard regression analyses were performed to evaluate prognostic factors or risk factors of recurrence. Results: During the median follow-up period of 27 months, local recurrence, regional lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis were seen in 17 (30%), 12 (21%), and 17 (30%) of the 57 patients, respectively. The 3-year overall survival rate was 63.4%. SUV{sub max} did not affect any recurrence, DFS, OS, or CSS. RI significantly predicted higher distant metastasis (HR 47.546, p = 0.026). In contrast, RI tended to predict lower local recurrence (HR 0.175, p = 0.246) and regional lymph node metastasis (HR 0.109, p = 0.115). Conclusions: SUV{sub max} at staging FDG-PET does not predict any recurrence, DFS, OS or CSS. In contrast, higher RI predicts higher distant metastasis and tended to predict lower local or regional lymph node metastasis.

  3. High expression of RelA/p65 is associated with activation of nuclear factor-κB-dependent signaling in pancreatic cancer and marks a patient population with poor prognosis

    OpenAIRE

    Weichert, W; Boehm, M.; Gekeler, V; Bahra, M.; Langrehr, J; Neuhaus, P; Denkert, C; Imre, G.; Weller, C; Hofmann, H-P; Niesporek, S; Jacob, J.; Dietel, M; Scheidereit, C.; Kristiansen, G

    2007-01-01

    Activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling was observed in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines and tumours. However, information on the expression of RelA/p65, the major transcription activating NF-κB subunit, in these carcinomas and possible correlations thereof with NF-κB activation and patient survival is not available. To provide this missing translational link, we analysed expression of RelA/p65 in 82 pancreatic adenocarcinomas by immunohistochemistry. Moreover, we measured activ...

  4. Risk factors of combined hospital-acquired pneumonia in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage and analysis of prognosis%急性脑出血术后合并医院获得性肺炎危险因素及预后分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐将荣

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析急性脑出血术后合并医院获得性肺炎(HAP)患者的危险因素及其影响预后.方法 选取2007年4月-2010年4月医院神经外科住院的72例急性脑出血术后合并HAP患者,按年龄分为:高龄组(≥75岁)36例,低龄组(<75岁)36例;分析两组患者的收缩压(SP)、舒张压(DP)、糖化血红蛋白(HbA1c)、总胆固醇(TC)、白色假丝酵母菌(CAL)感染率、MRSA感染率、肺炎克雷伯菌(KPN)感染率与随访1年后生活自理能力评分(BI)的相关性,并比较两组BI、再出血率及死亡率的差异.结果 两组患者的SP、HbA1c、TC、CAL感染率、MRSA感染率、KPN感染率与BI值均呈负相关关系,r值分别为-0.854、-0.901、-0.742、-0.886、-0.911、-0.798;而DP与BI值均无明显相关,r值为-0.114.结论 急性脑出血术后合并HAP患者危险因素有SP、HbAlc、TC、CAL感染率、MRSA感染率、KPN感染率,且高龄患者预后差.%OBJECTIVE To analyze the risk factors effecting on prognosis of patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH) post-operation complicated hospital-acquired pneumonia ( HAP). METHODS A total of 72 patients with acute 1CH post-operation complicated HAP in our hospital were divided into two groups, senility group (age>75) and young group (age<75), each group involved 36 patients, according the age. The factors of SP, DP, HbAlc, TC, Candida albicans(CA) infection rate, MRSA infection rate and Klebsiella pneumoniae(KP) infection rate were analyzed, the correlation to the value of Barthel index(BI) after 1 year follow-up. And Bl, recurrency rate and mortality rate were compared between two groups. RESULTS The negative correlation coefficients of SP, HbAlc, TC, CA infection rate, MRSA infection rate, KP infection rate with BI were confirmed, and DP was no correlation coefficients with these indexs. And the difference of BI, recurrency rate and mortality rate were present between two groups(P<0. 05). CONCLUSION The risk factors effecting on

  5. Factors influencing the short-term prognosis of interventional therapy for malignant obstructive jaundice:a multivariate analysis%恶性梗阻性黄疸介入治疗短期疗效影响因素的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洋; 孔亚林; 张洪义; 张宏义; 何晓军; 徐新保; 刘承利; 冯志强; 肖梅; 张辉

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the correlative factors affecting the short-term prognosis in treating malignant obstructive jaundice with percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) and percutaneous transhepatic biliary stenting (PTBS). Methods: During the period of June 2004-June 2009, PTBD and PTBS were performed in 107 patients. The clinical date were reviewed and analyzed. According to the reduction degree of serum bilirubin and survival condition in 30 days.the patients were divided into effective Group and ineffective group. Single factor affecting the short-term prognosis was analyzed by using x2 test and multi-factors were analyzed by using non-conditional logistic regression mode. Results: Single variable analysis showed that age,sex,time of obstruction, way of drainage.preoperative biliary infection,Child-Pugh grade, TBIL, HGB and Cr level were of statistical significance.The logistic regression analysis showed that there were obvious correlation a-mong preoperative biliary infection, Child-grade 3=9 and Cr > 111 μ mol/L. Conclusion* The infection of the bile duct before operation,Child-grade 3=9 and Cr > 111 μ mol/L carry a close relationship with the short-term prognosis of PTBD and PTBS. Therefore, an overall preoperative evaluation for malignant obstructive jaundice is of great importance.%目的:探讨影响恶性梗阻性黄疸经皮肝穿胆道引流(PTBD)联合胆道支架置入术(PTBS)短期疗效的相关因素.方法:分析2004年6月-2009年6月经PTBD和PTBS治疗的恶性梗阻性黄疸患者107例,参照胆红素下降程度和术后30 d内生存情况分为短期治疗有效(91例)和无效(16例)2组,应用卡方检验进行单因素分析,非条件Logistic进行多因素分析.结果:单因素分析显示患者年龄、性别、梗阻时间、梗阴部位、术前胆道感染和肝功能Child-Pugh评分、TBIL,HGB,Cr 9个因素与恶性梗阻性黄疸介入治疗预后相关.多因素分析示术前胆道

  6. The Natural History and Prognosis of Primary Biliary Cirrhosis with Clinical Features of Autoimmune Hepatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Fan; Wang, Qixia; Wang, Zhaoyue; Miao, Qi; Xiao, Xiao; Tang, Ruqi; Chen, Xiaoyu; Bian, Zhaolian; Zhang, Haiyan; Yang, Yue; Sheng, Li; Fang, Jingyuan; Qiu, Dekai; Krawitt, Edward L; Gershwin, M Eric; Ma, Xiong

    2016-02-01

    Although a variant of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) characterized by features of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) has been recognized for many years, few studies with ample numbers of patients have focused on its natural history. This study aimed to clarify the natural history, prognosis, and response to therapy in a cohort of patients with PBC with AIH features. We retrospectively analyzed 277 PBC patients without AIH features and 46 PBC patients with AIH features seen between September 2004 and April 2014. The 5-year adverse outcome-free survival of PBC patients with AIH features was 58% compared to 81% in PBC patients without AIH features. Multivariate analysis in the patients with AIH features indicated that total bilirubin ≥ 2.70× the upper limit of normal predicted a poor prognosis (p = 0.008, relative risk 8.39, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.73, 40.73). Combination therapy with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and immunosuppression provided better short-term responses in PBC patients with AIH features, defined by multiple criteria. Higher aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level at accession suggested better prognosis for PBC patients with AIH features while worse prognosis for PBC patients without AIH features. PBC patients with AIH features differ from those without AIH features in terms of natural history, prognostic indicators, and response to therapy.

  7. Prognosis of trochanteric pain in primary care

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B.W.V. Schouten (Boris); A.M. Bohnen (Arthur); B.W. Koes (Bart); J.A.N. Verhaar (Jan); S.M. Bierma-Zeinstra (Sita); A.M. Lievense (Annet)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Trochanteric pain is the second most important diagnosis of hip problems presenting in primary care, but its incidence and prognosis in this context is largely unknown. AIM: To determine the 1- and 5-year prognoses of trochanteric pain and the predictive var

  8. ADVERSE SELECTION AND MANAGERIAL INCENTIVES

    OpenAIRE

    Javier M. López Cuñat

    2000-01-01

    We analyze managerial contracts (i.e. incentive schemes based on a linear combination of profits and sales) under asymmetric information about costs. In the competitive setting with ex ante symmetric information, standard strategic effects appear. Under adverse selection in both, monopolistic and competitive settings, we show that, in order to decrease the manager's expected informational rents, the owner will optimally pay the manager to keep sales low or, on the contrary, keep them high. Mo...

  9. Factors of poor prognosis of visceral leishmaniasis among children under 12 years of age. A retrospective monocentric study in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, 2001-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Sérgio da Costa Braga

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUTION: A major concern with the visceral leishmaniasis (VL is its high lethality rate, even with proper treatment. Low age, prior malnutrition, disease duration prior to diagnosis, severe anemia, fever for more than 60 days, diarrhea and jaundice are known poor prognostic factors. The goals of this study are to describe the clinical and laboratory characteristics of VL among children under 12 years of age and to identify the factors associated with VL poor outcome. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty children under 12 years of age with confirmed VL admitted to Hospital João Paulo II (FHEMIG, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, between January 2001 and December 2005 were evaluated retrospectively. The primary outcome was the poor clinical evolution: sepsis, and/or pneumonia, and/or urinary tract infection, and/or of bleeding (expect epistaxis, and/or severe neutropenia (neutrophil < 500 cells/mm3. Odds ratio (crude and adjusted and its 95% confidence interval for each variable were calculated. Values less than 0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: Average age was 3.3 years (3.6 months-11.6 years, 71.2% were younger than 5 years and 47.2% lived in Metropolitan Area of Belo Horizonte. The mean fatality rate was 3.6%. Sixty-six (26.4% patients presented poor evolution. After a multivariate analysis, age <18 months, abnormal respiratory physical examination on hospital admission, and platelets <85,000/mm3 remained associated with increased chance of poor evolution. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that patients aged between 12 and 18 months, with platelet counts bellow 85,000/mm3, and respiratory abnormalities at admission should be considered potentially severe.

  10. 单侧低中频下降型突发性聋预后相关因素分析%Factors Affecting Prognosis in Unilateral Low-Middle Frequency Sudden Hearing Loss

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春花; 王小锐; 康艳霞; 罗宏伟; 李阳阳; 王东海; 邢英姿; 王桂芝; 侯庆军

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate factors affecting unilateral low-middle frequency sudden hearing loss . Methods This is a retrospective analysis of 109 cases (109ears) of unilateral low-middle frequency sudden hearing loss from 2005 to 2013. Treatments included vasodilators and glucocorticoids. Cases were grouped based on gender, onset age, daration of dis⁃ease, degree of hearing loss, presence of high frequency hearing damage, comorbid diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and oth⁃er factor. Correlations between these factors and treatment efficacy were studied using variable analysis followed by logistic linear regression analysis. Results In this study, the total effectiveness rate was 73.4%(80/109). The rates of full recovery and no efficiency were 71.6%(78/109) and 26.6%(29/109), respectively. Patients' gender, disease duration, degree of hear⁃ing loss, high frequency hearing impairment, hyperlipidemia, and blood viscosity had no obvious effects on treatment out⁃comes, whereas onset age and co-existing diabetes did. Conclusion Age over 50 years and glucose levels higher than 7.0 mol/l can negatively affect treatment outcomes in unilateral low-middel frequency sudden hearing loss.%目的:评估单侧低中频下降型突发性聋的相关因素对预后的影响。方法由2005~2013年入院的单侧低中频下降型突发性聋109例,均给以改善微循环加激素静点及其他对症治疗。患者按照性别、发病年龄、病程、听力损失程度、高频听力是否损伤、伴有糖尿病,高脂血症等因素分组,分析各因素与疗效(有效,无效)的相关性。先行单因素分析,可能影响疗效的因素再行logistic线性回归分析。结果在此次研究中,单侧低中频下降型突发性聋总有效率为73.4%(80/109),治愈率71.6%(78/109)。无效率为26.6%(29/109),患者性别、病程、听力损失程度、高频听力是否损伤、高脂血症,血粘稠度对疗效无明显影响;发病年龄

  11. 产褥期妇科急腹症相关因素及预后分析%Related factors and prognosis of gynecologic acute abdominal diseases in puerperium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴旺; 张莹

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析产褥期妇科急腹症发病的相关因素并提出预防办法.方法 回顾性总结2007-03~2012-03间因产褥期妇科急腹症入住我院的患者42例,就其发病相关因素及预后加以分析.结果 42例患者中有26例行手术治疗,16例行非手术治疗.最后诊断为卵巢囊肿蒂扭转22例(并化脓性阑尾炎1例),(单纯)产褥感染11例,晚期产后出血5例(并感染3例),卵巢囊肿及卵巢癌破裂各1例,浆膜下子宫肌瘤蒂扭转1例,盆腔结核1例.结论产褥期最常见的妇科急腹症是卵巢囊肿蒂扭转,其次是盆腔感染性疾病和晚期产后出血.%Objective To explore the related factors and preventive measures of gynecologic acute abdominal diseases factors in puerperium. Methods The clinical data of 42 patients with gynecologic acute abdominal diseases in puerperium in our hospital from March 2007 to March 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Results Of 42 patients, 26 patients underwent surgery, and 16 patients were given non-surgical treatment. Finally,22 patients were diagnosed as torsion of the pedicle of ovarian cyst ( one case of suppurative appendicitis );11 patients with ( simple ) puerperal infection ;5 patients with late postpartum hemorrhage ( including 3 cases of infection );one patient with rupture of ovarian cyst and one patient with ovarian cancer; one patient with torsion of subserous hysteromyoma and one patient with pelvic tuberculosis. Conclusion Torsion of the pedicle of ovarian cyst is the most common gynecologic acute abdominal disease in puerperium, followed by pelvic inflammatory disease and late postpartum hemorrhage.

  12. 转移性去势抵抗性前列腺癌化疗后预后的影响因素%Factors Influencing Prognosis of Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer after Chemotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞华

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate prognostic factors of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer ( mCRPC ) trea-ted with docetaxel chemotherapy .Methods Age,Gleason score ,prostate-specific antigen ,blood baseline condition and hormone-sensitive time of 46 patients with mCRPC were recorded .Results Overall survival time of all patients was 3-45 months,the aver-age survival time was (21.34 ±2.13) months,median survival time was 19.36 months;cox regression analysis showed that Glea-son score,hemoglobin,hormone-sensitive time were related with the patient's survival time,RR values were 1.782,2.363 and 2.012,and P<0.05.Conclusion Gleason score,hemoglobin concentration ,and hormone-sensitive time before chemotherapy are prognostic factors of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer .%目的:探讨采用多西紫杉醇化疗的转移性去势抵抗性前列腺癌( metastatic castration-resistant prostate canc-er,MCRPC)患者预后影响因素。方法以转移性去势抵抗性前列腺癌患者46例作为观察对象,记录患者化疗前年龄、Gleason评分、前列腺特异抗原(prostate-specific antigen,PSA)值、血常规等基线情况及激素敏感时间。结果患者总生存时间为3~45个月,平均生存期为(21.34±2.13)个月,中位生存时间为19.36个月;Cox回归结果提示,Gleason评分、血红蛋白水平、激素敏感时间与患者生存时间相关,RR值分别为1.782、2.363和2.012,且P<0.05。结论多西他赛化疗前Gleason评分、血红蛋白浓度及激素敏感时间,是转移性去势抵抗性前列腺癌患者的预后因素。

  13. Ouabain protects against adverse developmental programming of the kidney.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Juan; Khodus, Georgiy R; Kruusmägi, Markus; Kamali-Zare, Padideh; Liu, Xiao-Li; Eklöf, Ann-Christine; Zelenin, Sergey; Brismar, Hjalmar; Aperia, Anita

    2010-01-01

    The kidney is extraordinarily sensitive to adverse fetal programming. Malnutrition, the most common form of developmental challenge, retards the formation of functional units, the nephrons. The resulting low nephron endowment increases susceptibility to renal injury and disease. Using explanted rat embryonic kidneys, we found that ouabain, the Na,K-ATPase ligand, triggers a calcium-nuclear factor-κB signal, which protects kidney development from adverse effects of malnutrition. To mimic malnutrition, kidneys were serum deprived for 24 h. This resulted in severe retardation of nephron formation and a robust increase in apoptosis. In ouabain-exposed kidneys, no adverse effects of serum deprivation were observed. Proof of principle that ouabain rescues development of embryonic kidneys exposed to malnutrition was obtained from studies on pregnant rats given a low-protein diet and treated with ouabain or vehicle throughout pregnancy. Thus, we have identified a survival signal and a feasible therapeutic tool to prevent adverse programming of kidney development. PMID:20975704

  14. 比较青年与中老年发生急性脑出血的危险因素及其预后%Risk factors and prognosis of acute cerebral hemorrhage in young and middle aged and elderly patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莎其尔; 乌达木

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the risk factors and prognosis of acute cerebral hemorrhage in young and middle aged and elderly patients.Methods: The clinical data of 393 patients with acute cerebral hemorrhage admitted to our hospital from January 2010 June to were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups: young group (aged 45 years old,n=155) and middle aged group (aged over 45 years,n=238). Risk factors and hospital mortality of the two groups were analyzed and compared. Results: Compared with the analysis, the risk factors of acute cerebral hemorrhage in the youth group had a large amount of alcohol consumption and smoking history. The risk factors of acute cerebral hemorrhage in the young group were hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The mortality rate in the young group was 3.2%, significantly lower than that in the middle and old aged group 8.4%. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion: Hypertension is a risk factor of cerebral hemorrhage in all ages, especially in the middle and old people. The risk factors of acute cerebral hemorrhage in young group were also a large number of drinking history, smoking history. The prognosis of patients with acute cerebral hemorrhage was significantly better than that in elderly patients.%目的:探讨分析青年与中老年发生急性脑出血的危险因素及其预后。方法对我院2010年1月—2015年6月期间收治的393例急性脑出血患者的临床资料予以回顾性分析,根据患者年龄分为两组:青年组(年龄不超过45岁,n=155)、中老年组(年龄超过45岁, n=238)。分析比较两组发病的危险因素及住院死亡率。结果经分析比较可知,青年组发生急性脑出血的危险因素有大量饮酒史、吸烟史,中老年组发生急性脑出血的危险因素是高血压、高脂血症,组间对比差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。

  15. 热休克因子(HSF1)在乳腺癌中的表达及与预后的关系%Expression of heat shock factor 1 and its relation with prognosis in breast cancer patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐敏; 王树滨; 刘雅洁; 陈亦欣; 郑瑾; 白桦

    2007-01-01

    目的:探讨热休克因子(heat shock factor 1,HSF1)在乳腺癌中的表达,及其在乳腺癌预后中所起的作用.方法:采用免疫组织化学方法检测62例手术切除的乳腺癌组织中HSF1的表达,探讨其与临床病理特征的关系及对预后的影响.结果:HSF,在乳腺癌组织中的阳性表达率为29.0%(18/62).HSF1表达与月经状况存在相关(P=0.004),但与肿瘤大小、淋巴结转移个数以及组织学分级之间均不具相关性.HSF1阴性表达组无病生存期及总生存期均明显优于HSF1阳性表达组(P=0.0057及P=0.0251).Cox回归单因素分析显示淋巴结转移个数、组织学分级、肿瘤大小、HSF1阳性表达及TNM分期与无病生存期及总生存期均明显相关;Cox回归多因素分析表明腋淋巴结转移个数、组织学分级、肿瘤大小与无病生存期及总生存期明显相关,而HSF1阳性表达及TNM分期最终未进入Cox回归模型.结论:HSF1在乳腺癌中有一定程度的表达,且HSF1表达与乳腺癌患者无病生存期及总生存期的缩短有关,有可能成为判断乳腺癌患者预后的指标.

  16. Prognosis of acute low back pain: design of a prospective inception cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    York John

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical guidelines generally portray acute low back pain as a benign and self-limiting condition. However, evidence about the clinical course of acute low back pain is contradictory and the risk of subsequently developing chronic low back pain remains uncertain. There are few high quality prognosis studies and none that have measured pain, disability and return to work over a 12 month period. This study aims to provide the first estimates of the one year prognosis of acute low back pain (pain of less than 2 weeks duration in patients consulting primary care practitioners. A secondary aim is to identify factors that are associated with the prognosis of low back pain. Methods/Design The study is a prospective inception cohort study. Consecutive patients consulting general medical practitioners, physiotherapists and chiropractors in the Sydney metropolitan region will complete a baseline questionnaire regarding their back pain. Subsequently these patients will be followed up by telephone 6 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after the initial consultation. Patients will be considered to have recovered from the episode of back pain if they have no pain and no limitation of activity, and have returned to pre-injury work status. Life tables will be generated to determine the one year prognosis of acute low back pain. Prognostic factors will be assessed using Cox regression. Discussion This study will provide the first estimates of the one year prognosis of acute low back pain in a representative sample of primary care patients.

  17. Prognosis of acute low back pain: design of a prospective inception cohort study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henschke, Nicholas; Maher, Christopher G; Refshauge, Kathryn M; Herbert, Robert D; Cumming, Robert G; Bleasel, Jane; York, John; Das, Anurina; McAuley, James H

    2006-01-01

    Background Clinical guidelines generally portray acute low back pain as a benign and self-limiting condition. However, evidence about the clinical course of acute low back pain is contradictory and the risk of subsequently developing chronic low back pain remains uncertain. There are few high quality prognosis studies and none that have measured pain, disability and return to work over a 12 month period. This study aims to provide the first estimates of the one year prognosis of acute low back pain (pain of less than 2 weeks duration) in patients consulting primary care practitioners. A secondary aim is to identify factors that are associated with the prognosis of low back pain. Methods/Design The study is a prospective inception cohort study. Consecutive patients consulting general medical practitioners, physiotherapists and chiropractors in the Sydney metropolitan region will complete a baseline questionnaire regarding their back pain. Subsequently these patients will be followed up by telephone 6 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after the initial consultation. Patients will be considered to have recovered from the episode of back pain if they have no pain and no limitation of activity, and have returned to pre-injury work status. Life tables will be generated to determine the one year prognosis of acute low back pain. Prognostic factors will be assessed using Cox regression. Discussion This study will provide the first estimates of the one year prognosis of acute low back pain in a representative sample of primary care patients. PMID:16790069

  18. Adverse blood transfusion outcomes: establishing causation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isbister, James P; Shander, Aryeh; Spahn, Donat R; Erhard, Jochen; Farmer, Shannon L; Hofmann, Axel

    2011-04-01

    The transfusion of allogeneic red blood cells (RBCs) and other blood components is ingrained in modern medical practice. The rationale for administering transfusions is based on key assumptions that efficacy is established and risks are acceptable and minimized. Despite the cliché that, "the blood supply is safer than ever," data about risks and lack of efficacy of RBC transfusions in several clinical settings have steadily accumulated. Frequentist statisticians and clinicians demand evidence from randomized clinical trials (RCTs); however, causation for the recognized serious hazards of allogeneic transfusion has never been established in this manner. On the other hand, the preponderance of evidence implicating RBC transfusions in adverse clinical outcomes related to immunomodulation and the storage lesion comes from observational studies, and a broad and critical analysis to evaluate causation is overdue. It is suggested in several circumstances that this cannot wait for the design, execution, and conduct of rigorous RCTs. We begin by examining the nature and definition of causation with relevant examples from transfusion medicine. Deductive deterministic methods may be applied to most of the well-accepted and understood serious hazards of transfusion, with modified Koch's postulates being fulfilled in most circumstances. On the other hand, when several possible interacting risk factors exist and RBC transfusions are associated with adverse clinical outcomes, establishing causation requires inferential probabilistic methodology. In the latter circumstances, the case for RBC transfusions being causal for adverse clinical outcomes can be strengthened by applying modified Bradford Hill criteria to the plethora of existing observational studies. This being the case, a greater precautionary approach to RBC transfusion is necessary and equipoise that justifying RCTs may become problematic. PMID:21345639

  19. Endometrial cancer, types, prognosis, female hormones and antihormones

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulrich, L S G

    2011-01-01

    . Prognosis is also dependent on tumor differentiation and stage, and treatment should be adjusted accordingly. In this paper, the different types of endometrial cancer, staging, prognosis, diagnosis, prevention, treatment and their relationship to estrogen and other female hormones are reviewed....

  20. Curva de sobrevida e fatores prognósticos no lúpus eritematoso sistêmico infanto-juvenil Survival curve and prognosis factors in the childhood systemic lupus erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Appenzeller

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: analisar as curvas de sobrevida em uma amostra de lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES infanto-juvenil, as variáveis clínicas e laboratoriais e o tipo de tratamento associado ao óbito. MÉTODOS: de uma coorte de 519 pacientes seguidos prospectivamente, 55 foram identificados como tendo LES infanto-juvenil. Análise univariada e regressão de Cox foram utilizadas para determinar as variáveis associadas com a sobrevida nesta coorte. RESULTADOS: o óbito foi identificado em 12 dos pacientes (21,8% com LES infanto-juvenil. A causa de óbito em freqüência decrescente foi septicemia em 6 (50%, acidente vascular cerebral (AVC em 4 (33.3% e insuficiência renal em 2 (16,7% pacientes. Na análise univariada o sexo masculino, a presença de infecções e o uso de ciclofosfamida oral estiveram associados ao óbito. Na regressão multivariada, somente o sexo masculino influenciou negativamente o tempo de sobrevida (odds ratio 5,8. CONCLUSÕES: em um período de 27 anos o óbito foi observado em 21,8% dos pacientes. Embora infecções tenham sido causa de morte em metade desses pacientes, a sobrevida não estava associada à presença de infecções ou à insuficiência renal, mas ao fato de o paciente ser do sexo masculino. Prestar maior atenção aos meninos com LES, com diagnóstico, tratamento e seguimento adequados pode influenciar o prognóstico nesses casos.OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical, laboratory, serological and treatment factors associated with death in a childhood onset childhood systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE population. METHODS: 55 patients out of 519 prospectively followed-up cohorts were identified as having childhood onset SLE in the State University of Campinas. Univariate analysis and Cox regression model were used to determinate the variables associated with death in this cohort. RESULTS: Death occurred in 12 patients (21.8%, caused by sepsis in 6 (50%, stroke in 4 (33.3%, and renal insufficiency in two (16.7% cases. In

  1. Tissue microarray analysis of expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor in a-fetoprotein-negative hepatocellular carcinoma and its relationship with prognosis after radical resection%血管内皮生长因子和血小板衍化内皮生长因子的表达在甲胎蛋白阴性肝细胞癌根治性切除术后预后预测中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆清; 徐泱; 周俭; 樊嘉; 纪元; 汤钊猷

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor (PD-ECGF) and its relationship with the prognosis after radical resection for α-fetoprotein (AFP)-negative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods The expression of VEGF and PD-ECGF in 200 patients with AFP-negative HCC proven by surgery and pathology during Jan. 1997 to Dec. 2000 was analyzed retrospectively by high-throughput tissue microarray technology and immnnohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test and chi-square test were used to analyze the relationship between the expression of the two angiogenetie factors with the prognosis of AFP-negative HCC. Results Compared with VEGF-positive group and PD-ECGF-positive group,the patients' survivalrate and tumor-free survival rate rather than recurrence rate had no significant difference in the negative-expression group, respectively. The recurrence rate was also higher in the both positive groups than in the both negative groups. Moreover, the patients in both positive groups had a significantly low survival and tumor-free survival rate. Conclusion Positive expression of both VEGF and PD-ECGF indicated high risk of tumor recurrence and a poor prognosis after radical resection for AFP-negative HCC.%目的 探讨血管内皮生长因子(VEGF)和血小板衍化内皮生长因子(PD-ECGF)在甲胎蛋白(AFP)阴性肝细胞癌切除术后预后预测中的作用.方法 利用组织微阵列技术(tissue mi-croarray)和免疫组织化学方法回顾性研究200例AFP阴性肝癌患者肿瘤中VEGF及PD-ECGF的表达情况,分析其与肝细胞癌切除术后预后的关系.结果 V EGF及PD-ECGF表达阳性组与相应阴性组患者之间的生存率和无瘤生存率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),而VEGF及PD-ECGF表达阳性组的术后复发率比相应阴性组显著增高(P<0.05).VEGF和PD.ECGF同时阳性表达组其复发率更显著高于同时阴性组(P<0.01),其生存

  2. 早期移植肾功能异常的相关因素及其预后%Correlation factors for early graft dysfunction and prognosis after cadaver renal transplantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季曙明; 尹广; 殷立平; 陈劲松; 沙国柱; 黎磊石

    1999-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation factors for early graft dysfunction after kidney transplantation,and the effects on long-term graft survival.Methods 251 recipients of first cadaver renal graft were divided into 4 groups according to the history of acute rejection(AR)and the concentration of serum creatinine(SCr)in 6 months after transplantation:Groups A and B,having no history of AR with SCr levels at 6th month of<130μmol/L in the former and≥130 μmol/L in the latter,and groups C and D having the history of AR with SCr levels at 6 th month of<130 μmol/L in the former and≥130μmol/L in the latter.All groups had the sanle immunosuppressive protocol.Results SCr level at 10th day after operation in groups A and C maintained normal,while the SCr levels in groups B and D were obviously elevated,which was correlated with acute tubular necrosis(ATN),IgA nephritis,donors' age,postoperative hypotension,AR times and the dosage of cyclosporine A.The one-and three-year survival rate of renal graft in groups D was significantly lower than in groups A,B and C.Conclusion ATN was the commonest cause for early renal graft dysfunction after renal transplantation.The damage to the kidney in the process of renal removal,reperfusion and high dose of cyclospofine A at early stage might affect the recovery of the early renal function.The dysfunction of early renal dysfunction after operation would affect the renal graft long-term survival in the patients having AR in 6 months after operation.%目的 探讨早期移植肾功能异常的相关因素及其对移植肾长期存活的影响.方法 根据术后6个月内有无发生急性排斥反应和6个月时的血肌酐水平(SCr6月n),将251例肾移植患者分为4组:A、B组未发生急性排斥反应,前者SCr6月<130 ìmol/L,后者SCr6月≥130 ìmol/L;C、D组发生急性排斥反应,前者SCr6月<130 ìmol/L,后者SCr6月≥130 ìmol/L.术后各组的免疫抑制方案相同.结果 4个组在冷缺血及热缺

  3. Prognosis of synchronous bilateral breast cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Marianne; Tjønneland, Anne; Balslev, Eva;

    2014-01-01

    Currently, no consistent evidence-based guidelines for the management of synchronous bilateral breast cancer (SBBC) exist and it is uncertain how presenting with SBBC affects patients' prognosis. We conducted a review of studies analyzing the association between SBBC and prognosis. The studies...... that reported adjusted effect measures were included in meta-analyses of effect of bilaterality on breast cancer mortality. From 57 initially identified records 17 studies from 11 different countries including 8,050 SBBC patients were included. The quality of the studies varied but was generally low with small...... sample sizes, and lack of consistent, detailed histo-pathological information. When doing meta-analysis on the subgroup of studies that provided adjusted effect estimates on breast cancer mortality (nine studies including 3,631 SBBC cases), we found that bilaterality in itself had a negative impact...

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