Graves, Charlotte K.
Office systems consultants, office administration faculty, and other collegiate business faculty (management, marketing, accounting, and finance) were asked to rate the importance of 42 concepts needed by managerial personnel in automated offices. Also, business faculty were asked to indicate which concepts were currently being taught in courses…
United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna (Austria).
The need to develop managerial and technical personnel in the cement, fertilizer, pulp and paper, sugar, leather and shoe, glass, and metal processing industries of various nations was studied, with emphasis on necessary steps in developing nations to relate occupational requirements to technology, processes, and scale of output. Estimates were…
Traditional approaches to educational administration have generally reflected a managerial perspective based partly on scientific management principles developed by Frederick W. Taylor. Concerns with efficiency and administrative control have masked inequities and ideologies comprising organizational structure. Habermas's critique may help expose…
Chirkov, Alexander; Danchenko, Nadezhda; Naryzhnaya, Alyona
The article deals with the implementation issues efficiency of the administrative and management resources in the region. The conditions of the transition to new models of interaction between the state and society were identified. The possible future directions for improving targeted social support of the population were outlined.
Central Michigan Univ., Mount Pleasant. Inst. for Personal and Career Development.
This manual is part of the materials for a college-level programmed course in managerial accounting and intended to aid instructors in helping students to work their way through the self-instructional study guide around which the course is organized. The manual describes the various materials and components used in the self-instructional sequence…
Macomb County Community Coll., Warren, MI.
A policies and procedures manual for all administrators in the multicampus Macomb County Community College district, with the exception of the highest executive officers at the district level, and for all administrators at the campus level, including the dean of the campus, i.e., president, is provided. Following a preamble, the articles of the…
Călin Hinţea; Márton Balogh
The paper focuses on the development of Romanian public administration since the 1989 revolution. Showing up the characteristics and weaknesses of regulation and operation, the authors give special attention to a managerial approach reform in public-administration institutions. They deal with NGOs as possibly valuable and efficient actors in public service. The article concludes, however, that European integration process is the only serious influence stimulating radical changes in Romania.
Full Text Available Leading international aviation companies experience in staffing executive and administrative personnel is considered in the article. The author analyzes staffing specifics of such aviation companies as Southwest Airlines, Lufthansa AG, and work of such staffing agencies as Aeropeople Aerotek in this direction. It is defined that Ukrainian aviation companies should use world leading aviation companies experience.
Anna Rybarczyk-Szwajkowska; Dominika Cichońska; Romuald Holly
Background: Managerial knowledge and skills as well as profound understanding of goals and objectives of management determine the effectiveness and efficiency in all areas of managerial activities. In particular, this applies to the quality of healthcare services, perceived as a compliance between the effects (of medical treatment) and the assumed relevant objectives (defined/desired health condition). The aim of the research was to distinguish and define the way the health service quality is...
Everett, R. E.; And Others
This book updates the classic text "Public School Fund Accounting Principles and Procedures" (Tidwell 1960). The book is designed to be used primarily as a textbook at the graduate level with students training to be school administrators, school business administrators, or principals. A list of topics covered include an overview of school…
Cavalcanti, Bianor Scelza
The purpose of this dissertation is to understand the managerial â actionâ of public administrators in the management of their organizations within the brazilian context. It seeks to understand the relationships between managers and formal management mechanisms by exploring the complementary nature of the effective managerial action in the face of structural deficiencies and flaws, considering the possibility of overcoming the structuralism-subjectivism dichotomy present in the constru...
Educational reforms have largely been analysed from the perspective of the effects on students, teachers and schools, their practices and performance. While there is also a large body of literature that draws on the rhetoric and discourses found in policy documents, there has been little attention...... people inside an Australian state education administration during the time when the organisation was being restructured. It examines how decentralisation, managerialism and accountability result in the loss of professional expertise. This study contributes to the literature on the neo-liberalisation of...
To help relate management ideas and knowledge to educational administration, the author reviews the major theories and findings from the last 20 years on managerial leadership and discusses their relevance for school principals. He first summarizes findings from three approaches: the traits approach, emphasizing managerial motivation and skills;…
... for each position shall be justified and documented by the grantee to the satisfaction of the... written detailed job description identifying job functions and responsibilities for each administrative... and wages. (1) Administrative and staff employees in section 402 programs shall be paid at a rate...
In this paper present relationship among strategic planning and managerial control process. For begin I want present few elements about strategic planning and managerial control in order to identify link inter these elements.
Mora, Cristina; Tudor TICLAU
Public administration reform has been a top priority for every political party that has held office from 1990 since present, but after more than 20 years of “reform”, Romania still faces major administrative problems and challenges while its administrative system in some areas the system still being pre-bureaucratic. One of the causes why reform initiatives and projects have had such a hard time in delivering the promised results is the lack of major political support and consequently lack of...
Mora, Cristina; Tudor ŢICLĂU
Public administration reform has been a top priority for every political party that has held office from 1990 since present, but after more than 20 years of “reform”, Romania still faces major administrative problems and challenges while its administrative system in some areas the system still being pre-bureaucratic. One of the causes why reform initiatives and projects have had such a hard time in delivering the promised results is the lack of major political support and consequently lack of...
Huff, Anne Sigismund
This issue of International Studies of Management & Organization draws from pre - sentations at a March 2005 European Institute for Advanced Studies in Management (EISAM) European Workshop held in Munich and from a related call for papers. The workshop was the eleventh on the theme of Managerial and Organizational Cognition (MOC). Since 1993, each has brought together scholars from around the world. Given their location, however, the workshops have helped develop a ...
Blume, Till; Junk, Julian; Seibel, Wolfgang
The international dialogue organized at the University of Konstanz, June 15 17, 2007, explored two largely neglected aspects of United Nations (UN) peace operations: the administrative side of peacebuilding and the political side of international administration. Key topics were coordination, leadership, and learning as managerial and political challenges. Each of these three factors was addressed by panels composed of scholars and practitioners. Papers and discussions on coordination confirme...
Di Liberto, Adriana; Schivardi, Fabiano; Sulis, Giovanni
We study the effects of managerial practices in schools on students' outcomes. We measure managerial practices using the World Management Survey, a methodology that enables us to construct robust measures of management quality comparable across countries. We find substantial heterogeneity in managerial practices across six industrialized countries, with more centralized systems (Italy and Germany) lagging behind the more autonomous ones (Canada, Sweden, the UK, the US). For Italy, we are able...
Halil Evren Sentürk
Full Text Available This study was carried out to determine the eating habits and the level of knowledge of academic and administrative personnel and compare those habits considering socio-economical variablesThe sample consisted of 118 employees in Gaziantep University. The data collected from the survey that used for the general purpose of the study was analyzed in SPSS 17 package program. Frequency and percentage values were given and analysis of nutrition habits considering to socio-economical condition was done by chi square test.As a result; academic personnel are more knowledgeable when compared with administrative ones. But, because of work intensity they have more irregular eating habits.
Health Services Administration (DHEW/PHS), Rockville, MD. Bureau of Community Health Services.
Designed to acquaint teachers, administrators and other school personnel with phenylketonuria (PKU - an inborn error of metabolism which requires dietary intervention), the booklet reviews school problems related to the condition. Introductory information concerns the nature, treatment, and screening and diagnosis of PKU. Diet management is…
Williams, Norman C.; Swanson, G. A.
The authors present a method to examine the interfaces between business courses for redundancy. The method is demonstrated by examining the content in managerial finance and managerial accounting courses. A decision model application of analysis, expert judgment, and synthesis are incorporated in this method. (CH)
... same non-English language and which do not contain adult(s) fluent in English as a second language; (2... which speak the same non-English language (a single-language minority), the State agency shall provide... households. (B) If notices are required in only one language other than English, notices may be printed...
The article is dedicated to examining the framework analysis of the religious situation that are set by the Constitution of RussianFederation and the legislation of the country. The author suggests the construction of distinguishing religious situation that includesa number of positions, in particular: the structure and composition of regional religious community; the dynamics of thenumber of religious organisations; religious groups; the degree and kind of religious devoutness of the region’...
The Joint European Torus (JET) is the largest experimental device foreseen in the five year fusion plan (1976 to 1980) of the European Economic Community (EEC) and it represents about 20% of the total cost of the programme. The basic machine design, the individual items and the overall cost estimates were completed by June 1975, while the detailed design was finished during 1976, together with the preparation of purchase specifications for major machine components. Tenders covering more than 50% of the total JET cost (all within the estimates) have been obtained and the first stages of manufacturing contracts for up to 30% of the JET hardware budget have already been placed (namely manufacture of the Toroidal Field Coil Copper, the Toroidal Magnet, the Vacuum Vessel Bellows and the Vacuum Vessel Rigid Sectors), by using up the money available for long delivery items during the Design Phase. The extensive quarrels about the siting and the management structure for the JET Construction Phase, have prevented the JET Team placing more manufacturing orders, due to the lack of a ''go-ahead'' decision and the consequent shortage of staff and allocated money
Silvio M. Brondoni
Global managerial economics tends to emerge in conditions of strong, continuous competitive tension, in contexts that are open and subject to political, social and technological instability. Globalisation and new competition boundaries oblige companies to adopt a new 'market-oriented competitive management philosophy' (market-driven management), in which customer value management predominates. Global managerial economics thus interfaces with numerous competition spaces, all with different lev...
Dalia Marciukaityte; Samuel H. Szewczyk
We examine whether discretionary accruals of firms obtaining substantial external financing can be explained by managerial manipulation or managerial overoptimism. Insider trading patterns and press releases around equity and debt financing suggest that managers are more optimistic about their firms around debt financing. Consistent with earlier studies, we find that discretionary current accruals peak when firms obtain equity financing. However, we also find that discretionary accruals peak ...
Nath, D H; Sapru, R
In 1973-74, NIHAE, an organization established primarily to improve the general administration of health services by imparting inservice training in modern management concepts and techniques to senior health administrators in India, conducted a study to determine the training needs of district level family planning administrators, according to their actual managerial roles and functions and the problems and difficulties they face. 331 district family planning officials were mailed a Blake and Mouton grid questionnaire. 5 major styles located in the 4 corners and the mix point of the grid have been used as the representative managerial styles of 5 major sets of underlying assumptions. The distribution of district family planning administrators in 1973 is based upon a pooled estimate of around 286 of the 331 district family planning officers. Their managerial styles are as follows: 44.2% of the respondents revealed a managerial style that shows a high potential for team management and the ability to generate a climate of mutual interdependence, trust and confidence by integrating organizational purpose with the creation of sound and healthy human relationships; 2) 29.6% showed a style that focuses on the needs of people in an attempt to maintain interpersonal relationships leading to a friendly organizational climate and work tempo; 3) 10.7% represented the task management approach, showing primary concern for performance; 4) 12.2% strove to strike a balance between concern for performance and the human element; and 5) 5.4% of the managers showed a lack of concern for either task performance or human relationships. Although around 50% of the district family planning officers revealed managerial potential, the study findings indicate that individual respondents were dispersed in all the 5 typical styles, irrespective of age. However, the organizational pressures in existing State Health Administrations were by and large tending to make the officers resort to levels of
Hummel, Dean L.; Donham, S. J., Jr.
Part II includes chapters three and four. Chapter Three, "Organizing a Balanced Pupil Personnel Program," focuses on the coordination of three program functions among the many services the authors include under pupil personnel services: (1) supportive-consultative, (2) special instructional, and (3) research and data processing. They illustrate…
Javier M. López Cuñat
We analyze managerial contracts (i.e. incentive schemes based on a linear combination of profits and sales) under asymmetric information about costs. In the competitive setting with ex ante symmetric information, standard strategic effects appear. Under adverse selection in both, monopolistic and competitive settings, we show that, in order to decrease the manager's expected informational rents, the owner will optimally pay the manager to keep sales low or, on the contrary, keep them high. Mo...
Boyatzis, Richard E.
Development of competencies needed to be effective managers and leaders requires research and theory that can drive future scholarship and application. Competencies are defined and an overview is provided on research on competencies, their link to performance in various occupations, and their development. Emotional, social and cognitive intelligence competencies predict effectiveness in professional management and leadership roles in many sectors of society. In addition, these competencies ca...
Cerna, Luis Guillermo
The most important benefit of this investigation is the identification of the best capacities and managerial practices, used by multinational companies on the global economic market, in its application as a mechanism of learning and management of personnel. This study defines the spectrum of universal managerial practices and investigates the capacities that are related with the management of the business. The proposed models ([4cC] managerial management and [4cP] management of personnel) hav...
Motivated by a growing literature in the social sciences suggesting that the transition to fatherhood has a profound effect on men’s values, we study how the wages of employees change after a male chief executive officer (CEO) has children, using comprehensive panel data on the employees, CEOs, and...... families of CEOs in all but the smallest Danish firms between 1996 and 2006. We find that (a) a male CEO generally pays his employees less generously after fathering a child, (b) the birth of a daughter has a less negative influence on wages than does the birth of a son and has a positive influence if the...... daughter is the CEO’s first, and (c) the wages of female employees are less adversely affected than are those of male employees and positively affected by the CEO’s first child of either gender. We also find that male CEOs pay themselves more after fathering a child, especially after fathering a son. These...
This Master thesis focuses on the discipline called knowledge management. Knowledge management is according to Jan Truneček defined as a method how „to get the right knowledge to the right persons in the right time and in the right form“ . The thesis looks into defining, preserving and developing of the knowledge of employees on the position Channel Development Specialist in the company Nestlé Česko. The literature review part defines terms „management“, „manager“, „knowledge management...
White, Kate; Carvalho, Teresa; Riordan, Sarah
This article explores the role of senior managers in consolidating and interpreting new managerialism in higher education in Australia, South Africa and Portugal, and perceptions of potential effects on gender. The impact of managerialism on decision-making in Australia was increased centralisation with the Vice Chancellor operating as a Chief…
Simard, C.; Rice, Ronald E.
This paper integrates disparate literatures to develop a summary model that proposes how different orientations (control or learning) toward a major organizational change effort, Total Quality Management, will generate different managerial information use environments, will require different managerial roles, and will thus involve different managerial information behaviours, in order to foster successful TQM implementation.
Despite calls to link management accounting more closely to management (Jonsson, 1998), much is still to be learned about the role of accounting information in managerial work. This lack of progress stems partly from a failure to incorporate in research efforts the findings regarding the nature of managerial work, as well as inadequate attention devoted to the detailed practices through which accounting information is actually used by managers in their work. In this paper I draw on prior rese...
美国公共行政理论中的管理主义范式经历了萌芽、形成、拓展和成熟四个发展阶段。实证主义是管理主义的哲学基础，因为实证主义为管理主义提供了方法论基础，而管理主义是实证主义在管理领域的具体应用。美国公共行政理论中的管理主义是在与宪政主义的争论中得以发展和完善的，其理论体系由单一化、片面化逐渐走向多元化、系统化；理论研究由注重经济、效率价值转向既注重经济、效率价值，又兼顾人本价值，这是美国公共行政理论中管理主义发展的内在逻辑。%The U. S. managerialism of public administration theory has experienced four stages as the germination, formation, development and maturity. Positivism is the philosophy foundation of manage- rialism because the positivism provides methodology basis for managerialism and managerialism is the specific application by positivism in management domain. Managerialism in the U. S. public administra- tion theory was developed and perfected by the debate with constitutionalism, its theoretical model from simplification, one-sidely gradually shift complete diversified, systematic. Theoretical research by focusing on economic, efficiency value, both pay great attention to economy, efficiency value, and the value of Humanism is the internal logic of the U. S. managerialism of public administration theory.
The object of the bachelor work is Gorky Park administration that takes place in Moscow, Russia. The subject is the research of Gorky Park administration's activity and its different aspects. The aim is to analyze administration as a type of organization's management activity, its management styles and to develop recommendations with intention to improve overall administration performance. Gorky Park is one of the oldest Moscow parks. It's a complex, multifunctional cultural organization and ...
Full Text Available The definitive characteristics of companies’ management and background have offered more or less convincing explanations for the fundamentals of their performances and competiveness. It was long studied the ability of managers and management teams of drawing “strategic lines” at national, regional, EU and world level. The future, instead, is at stake because of the crisis. All big companies experienced new managerial methods and models, more or less strategic, for the past two years. The present shows that those companies which resisted in front of the present realities of the market do not fit in the general strategic management. Already, often, the strategy does not excel one year. What preoccupies the specialists in human resources lately is the existent disequilibrium on the labor market and the crisis at all levels: moral crisis – spiritual crisis – financial crisis – economic crisis – social crisis, and on the needs to reduce costs with the human factor. Very few will be interested in indentifying their employees’ labor aspects. They examine human personality, with the purpose of completing their employees’ professional training and improvement, their performances and behavior at work, their individual results and those of the organization compared to competition… That seems to be enough, right?! But who is still interested in investigating the relation between the work results and the quality of life, the lifestyle, the personal satisfactions?
Career-motivation theory provides a new framework for managerial careers in the context of contemporary career patterns. The framework includes the concepts of career resilience, career insight, and career identity. (SK)
Bryk G. V.
Essence and value of the managerial reporting in the system of the informative providing of enterprises’ management are considered. Approaches of scientists for finding out of general and excellent lines in categories «managerial reporting» and «internal reporting» are represented. Necessity of forming at the level of separate subject of manage system of account after the centers of responsibility such as centers of profits, costs, income and investments are grounded. The properly attenti...
The paper investigates both quantity and price oligopoly games in markets with a variable number of managerial and entrepreneurial firms which defines market structure. Following Vickers (Economic Journal, 1985) which establishes an equivalence between the equilibrium under unilateral delegation and the Stackelberg quantity equilibrium, the outcomes of these games are compared with the ones in sequential multi-leaders and multi-followers games. The profitability of a managerial/entrepreneuria...
Xie, Wensi; 解文斯
This dissertation consists of two empirical essays on shareholder right and managerial entrenchment. The essays investigate how shareholder protections affect firm’s response to banking crisis, and how shareholder activism affects managerial voluntary disclosure. In the first essay, I assess the following question: Do stock markets act as a “spare tire” during banking crises, providing an alternative corporate financing channel and mitigating the economic severity of banking crises? Using...
Bourne, Mike; Franco-Santos, Monica
Investors in People (IiP) UK commissioned the Centre for Business Performance at Cranfield School of Management to investigate the impact of Investors in People on managerial capabilities, managerial performance and business results. In this study, we took three different approaches. Firstly, we conducted in depth case studies in seven different organisations. Through a series of interviews with HR professionals and line managers, we investigated the impact Investors in People ...
Allen, Daniel R.
The Tektronics 4051 Desk Top Calculator is utilized to meet the medical/dental administrative requirements of the Pacific submarine force and to provide a quick recall of information required on a periodic basis or prior to an extended deployment. The program enables the user to store, update, and recall information for crew immunizations, weight control, dental check-ups, exposure to occupational hazards, e.g., noise, compression-decompression, welding, asbestos, radiation, and sonar, and to...
Palacio, J P; Spears, M C; Vaden, A G; Dayton, A D
All areas of practice in hospital dietetic services include a management component; however, the nature of the managerial role in various areas of dietetic practice has not been identified clearly. The definition of dietetic practice in the Conceptual Framework for the Profession of Dietetics supports the importance of managerial skills. The effect of organizational level and practice area on managerial activities and roles of professional staff in hospital dietetic services was examined in this study. The nationwide sample included professionals in hospitals with 300+ beds. A total of 3,280 dietetic professionals participated. Five groups were defined: low administrative, low clinical, middle administrative, middle clinical, and upper administrative. Mintzberg identified 10 managerial roles and categorized them as interpersonal, informational, or decisional. The 10 roles were used as the basis for developing an 80-item instrument on which respondents rated each item for importance and time demand. Perceived importance of managerial activities tended to be greater at higher organizational levels. The managerial aspects of the lower clinical and upper administrative position were the most clearly defined. The lower clinical group tended to rate all of the managerial roles as significantly less important than did those in other positions; however, the middle clinical position included a substantial managerial responsibility. PMID:4008830
The training of administration personnel for medical institutions is an integral part of the restructuring of health care. The authors proposed a system approach during the development of business-competences needed for modem medicine to provide the corresponding level of activity in the conditions of market economy and modernization of health care system. PMID:23033577
Madsen, Jean; Reyes, Pedro
Findings of this study of the managerial behavior of special education principals are compared with findings of other studies of managerial behavior of elementary and secondary principals. Mintzberg's theoretical model of administrative behavior (1973) was applied to special education principals. Five structured observations were conducted with…
Jensen, Henrik; Foss, Nicolai Juul
about the resources of the firm (including employee knowledge) we argue that this amounts to an assumption of perfect managerial meta-knowledge. However, research streams on resource cognition, transaction memory and organizational self- knowledge suggests that this assumption is not in general......"Managerial Meta-Knowledge, Uncertainty, and Adaptation: Governance Choice when Firms do not Know their Capabilities" Much research on economic organization (e.g., transaction cost economics) is based on an assumption that firms accurately know their own capabilities. In terms of what managers know...
The manager′s investment decisions is modeled when the manager is risk-averse and has stock options as compensation. It is found that the strike price of options is crucial to the investment incentives of managers, and that the correct value, or interval of values, of managerial stock option strike price can bring stockholder and manager interests in agreement.
Torres, Luis Eduardo; Ruiz, Carlos Enrique; Hamlin, Bob; Velez-Calle, Andres
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify what Colombians perceive as effective and least effective/ineffective managerial behavior. Design/methodology/approach: This study was conducted following a qualitative methodology based on the philosophical assumptions of pragmatism and the "pragmatic approach" (Morgan, 2007). The…
Organizational and managerial systems for risk management in nuclear power plants are under the influence of externally and internally generated goals. Externally, the NRC, public utility commissions, and such institutions as Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) establish requirements and guidelines for best practice. Internally, utility strategies define operational goals and standards for safety and production. One managerial responsibility in operating the complex, interdependent technological systems of nuclear power plants is to assure that the activities of departments, divisions, and functions are coordinated. These bridging processes need to be understood in order to suggest alternatives for organizing work and managing risk. To delineate the ways in which regulators and industry institutions affect these processes, details of their influences on daily practices can be addressed through a work system approach. The work system approach takes a dynamic view of organizational structures and managerial processes. Managers balance safety goals with efficiency and production goals through a continuous exchange of information, advice, expertise, budget allocations, personnel, and other resources, drawing on resources from within their organizations and from outside their boundaries. This exchange of resources is essential to organizational strategies for reducing and managing risk
Can managerial decision making be predicted? Why would we want to predict managerial decision making? Managerial job is largely that of making decisions. In order to be successful, those decisions have to be right. In this article authors investigate if the cumulative prospect theory is applicable to managerial decision making and describe some divergent views about the theory. They also explore risk perception under the influence of decision framing. Risk propensity too is explored as it is ...
Park, Sohee; Yang, Baiyin; McLean, Gary N.
Managerial coaching is popularized as a way of motivating, developing and retaining employees in organizations. Yet, there has been lack of empirical studies to examine the linkage between managerial coaching and its potential impact on employees. This study investigated the relationships among managerial coaching and employees' personal learning,…
Kuzmynchuk Nataliya V.
Full Text Available The article is devoted to detection of specific features of realisation of the organisational and managerial potential and competitive sustainability of engineering enterprises, which are a strategically important link of the national economy. The article forms a scorecard, which characterises directions of competitive sustainability (production, financial, marketing and social and organisational and managerial potential. The use of the economic and mathematical method of cluster analysis allowed assessment of the level of efficiency of material motivation of personnel and development of economic processes of an enterprise by qualitative features. The article conducts distribution of engineering enterprises by the level of organisational and managerial potential and competitive sustainability, which allows generation of high quality timely managerial decisions depending on the focus on a problem solution and ensures realisation of an adequate model of enterprise development under conditions of the transformational economy.
This U.S. contribution to the syllabus for Subgroup 5C treats with environmental and ecological aspects specific to fast breeder reactors, physical protection and safeguarding of the FBR cycle, fuel cycle centers (site selection problems for different degrees of collocation) and administrative and legal problems. Decommissioning of an FBR power plant, syllabus item C.1.7, is treated in separate contribution, more information on advanced safeguards for the fast breeder fyel cycle is contained in the contribution, USA WG 5C-tbd. A key conclusion of this is that with safeguards planning initiated early in the development of the FBR fuel cycle, time is available to develop, evaluate, and implement improved safeguards techniques and incorporate them into the design phase of all FBR cycle facilities
Anderson, Ronald W.; Bustamante, Cecilia, 1932-2006; Guibaud, Stéphane
We study the relation between firm growth and managerial incentive provision under moral hazard when a long-lived firm is operated by a sequence of managers. In our model, firms replace their managers not only upon poor performance to provide incentives, but also when outside managers are at a comparative advantage to lead the firm through a new growth phase. We show how the optimal contract can be implemented with a system of deferred compensation credit and bonuses, along with dismissal and...
Gazzola Patrizia; Colombo Gianluca
Abstract: This paper is aimed at designing a research programme to improve the communication with the stakeholder through the analysis of the managerial actions in order to create shared value. At the core of this research we propose to observe the relationships between management actions and the strategic conversations. Thus the dialogue and the communication become the key tool for strategic change. Two fields of analysis are proposed: the dialogue between stakeholders and among the scholar...
Rosmah Mat Isa; Rashid Ameer
Purpose – This article seeks to explain and empirically test the relationship between managerial social capital and hedge fund performance. Design/methodology/approach – This article uses a capital asset pricing model (CAPM)-style five factor model to estimate excess returns for the top 25 hedge funds. Findings – The results show that hedge funds managers with more affiliation diversity have higher annualised rate of return. This result seems to suggest managers with more social networks and ...
Raluca Georgiana NASTASESCU
This study examines the association between managerial turnover and equity-based compensation. I investigate whether stock options act to bond executives to their firms and whether retention of managers is a motivation of companies in designing CEO incentive contracts. The results show that stock options do negatively influence the probability of a CEO leaving the company. The monetary cost of losing the value of equity-based compensation package keeps the manager with his company. I also fin...
Cespa, Giovanni; Cestone, Giacinta
When stakeholder protection is left to the voluntary initiative of managers, relations with social activists may become an effective entrenchment strategy for inefficient CEOs. We thus argue that managerial turnover and firm value are increased when explicit stakeholder protection is introduced so as to deprive incumbent CEOs of activists’ support. This finding provides a rationale for the emergence of specialized institutions (social auditors and ethic indexes) that help firms commit to stak...
Baron, David P.
This paper presents a positive theory of corporate social responsibility set in a managerial capitalism context in which managers instead of markets allocate resources, including social expenditures. The theory focuses jointly on the operational management of the firm and on its social expenditures as influenced by a compensation contract chosen by shareholders in a capital market that prices social expenditures. The theory provides three explanations for compensation systems that encompass s...
Full Text Available The paper is focused on negotiation processes performed in a company and presents author’s concept of the description of the roles and functions accomplished by managers within those processes and being of significant importance from the point of view of negotiations’ outcomes. Such a concept aims at providing the analysis and conducting of business negotiations with effective support. Firstly (following introduction, the concept, types, and comprehensive model of such negotiations is presented as a useful methodological framework for specifying managerial roles and functions. Secondly, some classic concepts of those roles are reviewed, drawing special attention to the ones that concern negotiation process. Thirdly, general managerial functions within that process are described. Fourthly, those functions are precised by relating them to typical hierarchical levels. Fifthly, peculiar managerial functions within negotiating team are discussed. Finally, specific issue of the role of manager as a mediator is addressed. Summing up the paper, the crucial areas for subsequent research were pointed out. In order to elaborate the presented concept the author carried out the comparative study of negotiation literature as well as developed his original ideas.
The thesis „Managerial Knowledge and Skills“ focused on a theoretical overview of managerial knowledge and skills and on illustrating a practical application of these managerial knowledge and skills in practice. The theoretical part describes the basic concepts such as management, manager, managerial role, function, planning, delegation, communication. The practical part analyzes the situation monitored in the organization based on the evaluation results of the questionnaire. The co...
Administrative Circular No. 14 (Rev. 3) entitled “Protection of members the personnel against the financial consequences of illness, accident and incapacity for work”, approved by the Director-General following discussion at the Standing Concertation Committee meeting of 19 April 2012 and entering into force on 1 January 2013, is available on the intranet site of the Human Resources Department. This circular is applicable to all members of the personnel. It cancels and replaces Administrative Circular No. 14 (Rev. 2) entitled “Protection of members of the personnel against the financial consequences of illness, accident and disability” from July 2006. The circular was revised in order to improve the procedure before the Joint Advisory Rehabilitation and Disability Board (JARDB) and the management of long-term sick leave through a multidisciplinary approach launched upstream. The aim of this approach is to allow staff/fellows c...
National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
This booklet summarizes current knowledge about phenylketonuria (PKU), an inherited condition that results in severe mental retardation if untreated, and discusses the psychoeducational implications of the condition. The introduction stresses the importance of early diagnosis (during the first days of life) and the effectiveness of a diet that…
Lundin, Edward.; Welty, Gordon
The rational model of classical economic theory assumes that the decision maker has complete information on alternatives and consequences, and that he chooses the alternative that maximizes expected utility. This model does not allow for constraints placed on the decision maker resulting from lack of information, organizational pressures,…
Full Text Available The base of this research was a comparative analyse of the international practices in the field, in order to identify the most important tendencies in public services management. Considering the results of this research, there were identified the foundamental principles of an intelligent management model for public management (subsidiarity, public value and deliberative governance. Starting from this point, we proposed a new intelligent management model applicable in romanian public sector, which can be structured into three major components: top management component (executive and deliberative, operational management component (back office and communication component (front level. As a case study, we focused in particullary on the water supply public service and we developed a methodology for projecting the front-office component starting from the necessity of optimising stakeholder satisfaction.
Full Text Available Transformation of University Organizations:Leadership and Managerial Implications Cemil ULUKAN, Ph.D Anadolu UniversityOpen Education Faculty Eskisehir-TURKEYABSTRACT Technology and globalization are forcing higher education institutions to transform themselves. This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding the leadership and managerial implications of recent developments for higher education. Reviewing unique characteristics and the fundamental changes shaping higher education, the paper examines the need for organizational transformation and the major managerial implications.
This discussion paper has led to a publication in the 'Journal of Public Economics'. The quality of public management is a recurrent concern in many countries. Calls to attract the economy's best and brightest managers to the public sector abound. This paper studies self-selection into managerial and non-managerial positions in the public and private sector, using a model of a perfectly competitive economy where people differ in managerial ability and in public service motivation. We find tha...
Veen, van der, H.B.
The personnel of an organization often has seemingly conflicting goals. On the one hand, the common goal is to achieve operational efficiency and to be available for work when needed in the organization. On the other hand, individual employees like to have a good work-life balance, by having personal working hour preferences taken into account. We develop and apply Operations Research methods and tools and show that operational efficiency can be achieved while taking personnel preferences int...
Flávio da Cunha Rezende
Full Text Available This article focuses on explanations for sequential faults in administrative reform. It deals with the limits of managerial adjustment in an approach that attempts to connect theory and empirical data, articulating three levels of analysis. The first level presents comparative evidence of sequential fault within reforms in national governments through a set of indicators geared toward understanding changes in the role of the state. In light of analyses of a representative set of comparative studies on reform implementation, the second analytical level proceeds to identify four typical mechanisms that are present in explanations on managerial adjustment faults. In this way, we seek to configure an explanatory matrix for theories on sequential fault. Next we discuss the experience of management reform in the Brazilian context, conferring special attention on one of the mechanisms that creates fault: the control dilemma. The major hypotheses that guide our article are that reforms lead to sequential fault and that there are at least four causal mechanisms that produce reforms: a transactions costs involved in producing reforms; b performance legacy; c predominance of fiscal adjustment and d the control dilemma. These mechanisms act separately or in concert, and act to decrease chances for a transformation of State managerial patterns. Major evidence that is analyzed in these articles lend consistency to the general argument that reforms have failed in their attempts to reduce public expenses, alter patterns of resource allocation, reduce the labor force and change the role of the State. Our major conclusion is that reforms fail sequentially and managerial adjustment displays considerable limitations, particularly those of a political nature.
CARDOS ILDIKO REKA; PETE STEFAN
Research theme - Globalization and technological changes generates complexity both in the business environment and the accounting systems. Under these conditions managerial accounting needs to learn new practices in order to become an active consultant of management. Objectives - The main objective of this paper is to present how managerial accounting changed over the years in Romania. We intend to present how the managerial accounting system is implemented within Romanian organizations, to r...
Managerial performance and firm performance are two concepts in a strong correlation. The more managerial performance is higher with both shareholders are pleased because managers leading firms such manner that they are able to increase their performance (financial, social and environmental). Achieving or maintaining a certain level of performance by the firms is possible in conditions which leaders performs in the management. Furthermore, managerial performance has a tremendous impact on fir...
CARDOS ILDIKO REKA
Full Text Available Research theme Globalization and technological changes generates complexity both in the business environment and the accounting systems. Under these conditions managerial accounting needs to learn new practices in order to become an active consultant of management. Objectives: The main objective of this paper is to present how managerial accounting changed over the years in Romania. We intend to present how the managerial accounting system is implemented within Romanian organizations, to report the level of adoption of traditional practices, tools and techniques, to identify to what extent contemporary managerial accounting practices are implemented and used, and finally to identify whether managerial accounting information is useful for business decisions. Prior works: Over the years researchers from all over the world were interested in managerial accounting changes and innovations, in managerial accounting practices, tools and techniques adopted by organizations. On international level the study made by Pavlatos and Paggios (2009 and on national level the study made by Jinga et al (2010 represents the starting point of our study. Both research team conducted a study on managerial accounting practices and the utility of managerial accounting information and found out that managerial accounting information is useful for managers in the decision making process but traditional practices, tools and techniques are used to 'produce' this type of information. Design/methodology : An empirical study was conducted in 2010 within Romanian accounting professionals. A questionnaire was sent to a number of 1871 professionals members of The Body of Expert and Licensed Accountants of Romania regarding managerial accounting practices, tools and techniques adopted and implemented. Data obtained was processed and analyzed with the help of descriptive statistics. Results/findings - Romanian professionals consider that managerial accounting information is useful
We argue here for a broader view of the biases in managers' decisions: In general, managerial rent-seeking affects not only the level of investment, but also the form. Our basic hypothesis is simple: given the now well-established scope for managerial discretion, managers have an incentive to exercise that discretion to enhance their income. Any managerial contract is subject to renegotiation, and a manager's pay is the outcome of an often bewildering bargaining process between management, th...
The article focuses on the concept of value chain analysis and its positive effects on the development of an enterprise. After reading literature and conceptual discussions of value analysis and classification of company’s activities (main and support), there are described the steps that takes up the value chain analysis. It describes the role of management accountant and role of enterprise’s management based on value chain analysis. An analysis is made between the value chain and conventiona...
Kwon, Young K.
There are two sources of agency costs under moral hazard: (1) distortions in incentive contracts and (2) implementation of suboptimal decisions. In the accounting literature, the relation between conservative accounting and agency costs of type (1) has received considerable attention (cf. Watts 2002). However, little appears to be known about the effects of accounting conservatism on agency costs of type (2) or trade-offs between agency costs of types (1) and (2). The purpose of this study is...
Zabriskie, Fern H.; McNabb, David E.
Professional education, including managerial accounting education, at independent colleges and universities faces two challenges: (a) meeting shifting demand with static or declining resources and (b) ensuring that graduates gain the technological knowledge and skills that they need to succeed in their future careers. For many schools, the…
Kräkel, Matthias; Müller, Daniel
We consider a two-stage principal-agent model with limited liability in which a CEO is employed as agent to gather information about suitable merger targets and to manage the merged corporation in case of an acquisition. Our results show that the CEO systematically recommends targets with low synergies - even when targets with high synergies are available - to obtain high-powered incentives and, hence, a high personal income at the merger-management stage.
The organizational climate, through its effects it produces in terms of individual or group, has an important role in obtaining the performance of an organization. Today intercede through a complex connections, the life and work of the group. Optimizing any key of the climate will have a positive effect at the level of the group. Climate positive is based on the Manager's organizational ability to listen, to avoid and eliminate conflict situations, on the establishment of responsible, partici...
Hansmann, Henry; Thomsen, Steen
Industrial foundations are autonomous nonprofit entities that own and control one or more conventional business firms. These foundations are common in Northern Europe, where they own a number of internationally prominent companies. Previous studies have indicated, surprisingly, that companies...... controlled by industrial foundations are, on average, as profitable as companies with conventional patterns of investor ownership. In this article, we explore the reasons for this performance, not by comparing foundation-owned firms with conventional investor-owned firms, but rather by focusing...
Barkema, Harm Geert
The present study aims at a more coherent theory to explain the variations mentioned above. We focus on one type of stakeholder in the firm: management. And with respect to managerial behaviour, we focus on an important element (see Fama, 1980): effort devoted to decision making. Hence the aim of th
Abraham, Steven E.; Karns, Lanny A.; Shaw, Kenneth; Mena, Manuel A.
Human resource managers (n=277) identified six management competencies as critical: leadership, customer focus, results orientation, problem solving, communication skills, and teamwork. However, many companies do not assess these competencies in the management performance appraisal process. (Contains 22 references.) (SK)
伴随着经济全球化和国际市场竞争的加剧，会计人员的职能不再局限于会计核算，而是需要参与决策和管理。高素质的管理会计人才对我国经济的发展起着关键的作用，然而我国存在管理会计人员匮乏，管理会计人员培养体系不健全等问题。因此，需要针对管理会计人才培养存在的问题，深入探讨加强我国管理会计人才培养体系建设的对策和建议。%Accompanied by economic globalization and international competition intensifies, the functions of accountant is no longer confined to accounting, but need to participate in decision-making and management. High-quality managerial accountant plays a key role in China’ s economic development, but the lack of staff managerial accountant presence, the construction of managerial accounting training system is not perfect and so on. Therefore, aim at management accounting problems existing in the talents training, the essay explores the countermeasures and suggestions to strengthen the construction of our country management accounting tal-ent cultivation system.
Accompanied by economic globalization and international competition intensifies, the functions of accountant is no longer confined to accounting, but need to participate in decision-making and management. High-quality managerial accountant plays a key role in China’ s economic development, but the lack of staff managerial accountant presence, the construction of managerial accounting training system is not perfect and so on. Therefore, aim at management accounting problems existing in the talents training, the essay explores the countermeasures and suggestions to strengthen the construction of our country management accounting tal-ent cultivation system.%伴随着经济全球化和国际市场竞争的加剧，会计人员的职能不再局限于会计核算，而是需要参与决策和管理。高素质的管理会计人才对我国经济的发展起着关键的作用，然而我国存在管理会计人员匮乏，管理会计人员培养体系不健全等问题。因此，需要针对管理会计人才培养存在的问题，深入探讨加强我国管理会计人才培养体系建设的对策和建议。
The article is devoted to the research of preconditions and necessity of creation strategic managerial accounting in the accounting system of enterprise. There are investigated economic essence and assignment of strategic managerial accounting and substantiated its importance for making strategic decisions on an enterprise.
Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 4) entitled "Categories of members of the personnel", approved by the Director-General following discussion in the Standing Concertation Committee meeting on 29 April 2016, will be available on 1 August 2016 via this following link. This revised circular cancels and replaces the Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 3) also entitled "Categories of members of the personnel" of September 2014. The main changes concern the status of apprentices and their transfer from the category of employed members of personnel to associated members of personnel. This circular will enter into force on 1 August 2016. Department Head Office
Target of the bachelor thesis is analysed the system of managerial accounting in Mlékárna Polná spol. s r.o. Find out some differences from common conception of managerial accounting and suggest a realization of contingent changes. My target is analysed the system of intradepartmental accounting, structuring of costs, organizational structure, control of economy and costing system.
Managerial competencies are crucially important for the prosperity of the company. The subject of this work is to identify the competencies necessary for successful performance of assigned duties of the managerial position. The chapter called Literature Review deals with the managerial competencies as described in literature. It is very important for the success of the company, how much attention is paid to the selection of its managers and used competency models and whether they are used ...
Bingley, Paul; Westergård-Nielsen, Niels Chr.
of the firm. Here we follow the population of 7118 medium-to-large sized private sector Danish firms over the period 1992-95. In an instrumental variables framework, we use changes in the personnel composition of different firms operating in the same local labour market to provide exogenous...... identifying personnel structure variation. It is found that personnel policy is strongly related to economic performance. At the margin, more hires are associated with lower profit, and more separations with higher profit. For the average firm, one new job, all else equal, is associated with ?2680 (2000...
Paragraph 50.34(b)(6)(i) of 10 CFR Part 50, ''Licensing of Production and Utilization Facilities,'' requires that applications for a license to operate a nuclear power plant include information concerning organizational structure, personnel qualifications, and related matters. This regulatory guide describes a method acceptable to the NRC staff of implementing this portion of the Commission's regulations with regard to personnel qualifications. (auth)
The concept of 'managerial influence' has been defined. The steps, methods and functional tools of the management influence have been considered. The theoretical and methodical basis for designing the information and analytical system of managerial influence to implement the management decisions have been researched. In particular, the author describes the content, function and he grounds the principles and requirements of developing the information and analytical management system. It has be...
Giovanni Cerulli; Bianca Potì
This paper studies at firm level the relation between managerial capacity in doing innovation and profitability. Moving along the intersection between the evolutionary/neo-Schumpeterian theory and the Resource-Based-View of the firm, we prove econometrically that managerial efficiency in mastering the production of innovation is an important determinant of firm innovative performance and market success, and that it complements traditional Schumpeterian drivers. By using a Stochastic Frontier ...
Raluca Georgiana Nastasescu
Full Text Available This study analyzes the relationship between the mix of CEO equity-based compensation, namely stock options and restricted stock, and firms' risky investment. In general, the theory suggests that long-term compensation aligns CEOs' and shareholders' interests by inducing the managers to undertake risky investment, which has a positive impact on longterm well-being of the firm. However, as my results show, it is important to distinguish between types of awards since they can have different effects on the riskiness of the firm. In this respect, I answer the question how are different types of stock based compensation related to the executives' determination to increase or not the intensity of the firm's risky investment? I find that awarding the CEOs preponderantly with stock options positively affects the firm's level of R&D investment. Conversely, a higher proportion of restricted stock in the CEO's compensation is related to lower investment in (risky R&D. The inverse relation of causality also holds. Firms that make intensive R&D investments are more likely to award their CEOs with more stock options relative to restricted stock. Overall, the results are consistent with the theoretical prediction, in that the managerial compensation scheme plays an important role in determining the level of R&D investment.
Nielsen, Poul Aaes
A central notion of performance management reform is that outcome-based accountability should be accompanied by increased managerial authority, thereby granting managers the flexibility to engineer performance-oriented change. Studies have revealed, however, that managerial authority does not...... that managerial authority over human resources positively moderates the effect of performance management, whereas decentralizing goal setting works in the opposite direction. These findings may help account for the differing effects of performance management found in previous studies and suggest that...... follow automatically when performance management is adopted. This article examines whether increased managerial authority does indeed promote the effectiveness of performance management. The article relies on a 4-year panel on management and the performance of more than 45,000 students in 314 Danish...
Gogol Tatyana A.
The article states that development of small businesses envisages formation and use of a wide spectrum of economic information for providing managerial structure with timely and quality information, which requires creation of a system of managerial accounting and reporting, which should not contradict to the principle of expenses – benefits relation, when expenses on introduction of such a system would exceed the effect obtained from its functioning. It adds that the main requirements of buil...
Svetlozar Stefanov; Julian Vasilev; Milcho Bliznakov
The purpose of this study is to describe some of the problems in making consolidated financial reports. Several perspectives are analyzed � from accounting point of view, from information point of view and from managerial point of view. The accounting problems of financial consolidation are focused at the correct interpretation of legislation. The information problems concern the use of databases and specialized software for making consolidated reports. The managerial problems ...
Chandra S Mishra; David H Gobeli
This paper examines the role of firm technology investment, in concert with managerial incentives alignment, to explain the relative market value compared to the accounting value for a multinational firm. The results are consistent with internalization theory in that greater multinationality corresponds to a higher valuation of the firm if technology investment is high, and the impact is even greater if managerial incentives alignment is high as well. However, greater multinationality alone d...
In the last decades, following of the global systemic crisis, commercial banks have problems with the lack of operative and truthful information about the effective functioning of its subdivisions. So, appear the necesity of imposing, for banking system, implementation of managerial accouting inside of accouting evidence for reducing the loss that may arise from lak of internal qualitative information. The aim of our study is to present the factors that confirm the need of managerial accounti...
Thian, Lok Boon; Alam, Gazi Mahabubul; Idris, Abdul Rahman
Purpose: Representing both "central university administration" and academics, deans are increasingly being confronted with the competing managerial and academic values. Being able to manage the competing values is pivotal to the success of a dean. However, there is dearth of research studying this. Considering the for-profit private…
Best, Bethia J.; Spector, Paul E.
Although it has been shown that physical attractiveness is an advantage to male applicants for managerial positions, it is not clear whether attractiveness is an advantage or disadvantage to female applicants for these jobs. Male (N=25) and female (N=22) business administration students were asked to simulate selection decisions for a high level…
Full Text Available Our study aims at identifying correlations between preferences and psycho-social choices of women entrepreneurs, more precisely the effect of these characteristics on a given managerial strategy. Based on the data obtained through the administration of two types of questionnaires, we analyzed the relations between social and psychological set of perceptions and managerial strategy. Social success and managerial performance are related with these perceptions and thus we can identify a significant conversion of mentalities determined by the governmental changes which took place in Eastern Europe after 1990. The data presented here are driven from the research conducted within the project ”Entrepreneurship and equality of chances. A inter-regional model of entrepreneurship training for women in western Romania”.
Joseph N; Subba SH; Jain A; Unnikrishnan B; Nagaraj K; Kotian SM
BackgroundA third of world’s filariasis cases occur in India. As a resultMass Drug Administration (MDA) was commenced in 1997with the aim of eliminating this disease by 2015. Howeverthe coverage of MDA was not satisfactory. The underlyingreasons for the poor coverage need to be identified. Thisstudy was conducted to assess the awareness of healthpersonnel of lymphatic filariasis and the MDA programme.MethodThis cross-sectional study was conducted in Kundapurataluk of Karnataka state in India ...
Kashfi, H; Yazdani, A R; Latifi, M; Shirani Bidabadi, F
The purpose of this research is to study any effects of managerial strategies on prevention of ketosis metabolic disorder in transition period in Shahroud commercial dairy farms. For this purpose, a questionnaire was prepared in order to obtain required information about the performance of these managerial strategies, performance costs, involvement situation with disorders relying upon clinical signs and treatment and health records, producing and economic situation, and fertility rate and its costs. The considered managerial guidelines include body condition score management or type evaluation in transition period, increase in dry matter intake close to parturition, using propylene glycol, using niacin, and high-quality feeding (the importance of feed quality) in transition period. Finally and upon arrangement of data, it was possible to study any effects of mentioned managerial strategies on related variants through multiple linear regressions. Furthermore, in order to study any relation among variables, we considered Pearson correlation coefficients as well. Finally, it was revealed that any application of managerial strategies for prevention from Ketosis in transition period has a significant effect in betterment of managerial and economic parameters. PMID:23738102
Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 2) entitled “Categories of members of the personnel”, approved by the Director-General following discussion at the Standing Concertation Committee meeting of 11 May 2012 and entering into force on 1 January 2013, is available on the intranet site of the Human Resources Department. This circular is applicable to all members of the personnel. It cancels and replaces Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 1) entitled “Categories of members of the personnel” of January 1997 as regards all contracts of members of the personnel issued on or after 1 January 2013. The circular was revised in order to take into account developments since the last revision of the categories of personnel in 1997 as well as the needs of the Organization and collaborating institutes. In particular, it introduces a new system for distinguishing categories of associated members of the personnel, namely with regard to the purpo...
This chapter explores how coaching equips managers and supervisors to be successful in the 21st-century workplace. Coaching has benefited these professionals by providing them with viable tools to enhance the leadership and managerial tools they already possess.
"Managerialism" represents a relatively new orientation to college and university administration, one that arises from the coincidence of three distinct features of the contemporary landscape: market rationality, nihilism, and the modern wish for a new beginning. In this article, the author offers simple clarification as to the nature of…
Managerial works is very extensive and place significant demands on managers about their skills, abilities, knowledge, character personality. Since the quality of the manager and his skills are reflected in result of company, managers are one of the key success factors. The theoretical part called „the teoretical basis“ is apply to detailed explanantio of management, human management, the manager and his personality, managerial roles and function. In the „own work“ is characterized th...
This paper analyzes ownership and unobserved managerial ability as factors affecting the performance of a representative sample of Portuguese wind farms by means of frontier models. These farms are ranked according to their technical efficiency during the period 2004-2008 and homogenous and heterogeneous variables are disentangled in the cost function, which leads us to advise the implementation of common policies as well as policies by segments. Economic implications arising from the study are also considered. - Research highlights: → Wind farms are heterogeneous displaying distinct ownership and managerial characteristics that affect efficiency. → Managerial practices has a positive impact on the efficiency. → Ownership has a positive impact on the efficiency. Large wind farms are more efficient.
Full Text Available The complexity of the economic life, the economic and financial crisis and the social and environmental problems determine the increase in the role of information provided by managerial accounting in decision-making. The efficient management of any economic unit is based on the existence of a well structured information system, according to managers’ information needs, the main component of such system being accounting. The article aims at clarifying certain aspects concerning the role of managerial accounting in the correct assessment and in managing performance in bakery companies.
In the field of personnel policy and management two main points must be considered and fitted together: the aspects of the applicant and the aspects of the utility. The applicant wishes a position which suits to his abilities, education, training, experience and self-evaluation. The enterprise has beside these qualification criteria to look to some additional points: reliability - not only in the profession of the applicant but also in his daily life. In this examination licensing authorities are involved too; responsibility in a very broad sense and the ability to make correct decisions sometimes under stress situations. (orig.)
Department Head Office - HR Department
Administrative Circular No. 13 (Rev. 4) entitled "Guarantees for representatives of the personnel", approved by the Director-General following discussion in the Standing Concertation Committee meeting on 22 March 2016, will be available on 1st September 2016 via the following link: https://cds.cern.ch/record/2208527. This revised circular cancels and replaces Administrative Circular No. 13 (Rev. 3) also entitled "Guarantees for representatives of the personnel" of January 2014. This document contains a single change to reflect the terminology under the new career structure: the term "career path" is replaced by "grade". This circular will enter into force on 1st September 2016.
In order to make the full benefits of neutron radiography available in the nondestructive test (NDT) field, it has been necessary to formalize its application. A group under the Penetrating Radiation Committee of the American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT) was organized to prepare a recommended practice for neutron radiography. The recommended practices require the establishment of an appropriate certification program. The requirements on the employer to establish and maintain a qualification and certification program are outlined. To conduct a program of nondestructive testing using neutron radiography requires the usual three levels of qualified and certified personnel. The program is administered by a Level III person. Routine exposure, reviews, and reporting of test results are the responsibilities of Level I and Level II personnal. The amount of training and nature of the required practical examination are also specified. The recommended practices document assures users that NDT work in the field of neutron radiography is performed by qualified personnel. Although no training courses are available to provide experience in the depth required by the recommended practices document, SNT-TC-1A, short courses are provided at a number of locations to familarize user's representatives with the interpretation of neutron radiographs and capabilities and limitations of the technique
Hayes, Robert M.
Explores meaning of managerial accounting in libraries and discusses instructional program for students of library and information science based on experience in School of Library and Information Science at University of California, Los Angeles. Management decision making (budgeting, performance evaluation, overhead, resource allocation,…
Full Text Available At the present, the focus on management and corporate governance of banks will play an ever more crucial role given the prevailing importance of banking institutions as a source of finance for the corporate sector. Improved board structures, administrative procedures and disclosure requirements could result in better-governed banks, which are more likely to allocate investments proficiently. Therefore, a strong corporate governance can be an important pillar for banking organizations assets, because effective boards of directors complement the regulatory oversight. Efforts to promote good corporate governance in financial institutions face a number of challenges. One is getting the most innovative and experienced people to serve on bank’s boards and management, given the complexity of the business environment and new financial products. This requires also finding competent leaders who also understand new business opportunities and their risks, have a healthy scepticism and take decisions quickly. Regulatory and supervisory frameworks alone cannot guarantee financial stability. Effective corporate governance, change management approaches and innovative managerial skills can act as a first line of defence for banks and financial institutions, against any impending crisis and unethical business practices.
GeBaoshan; YaoMeifang; ZhaoBaohua; DavidKelly
Institutional innovations are more important than technical ones and functional innovations than methodological ones. What kind of managerial system is qualified to adapt itself to today's ever-changing environment for its performance? Following the principle of keeping up with the era's advancing pace,
Administrative Circular No. 13 (Rev. 3) entitled “Guarantees for representatives of the personnel”, approved by the Director-General following discussion at the Standing Concertation Committee meeting of 5 December 2013 and entering into force on 1 January 2014, is available on the intranet site of the Human Resources Department (see here). This circular is applicable to all members of the personnel. It cancels and replaces Administrative Circular No. 13 (Rev. 2) entitled “Guarantees for members of the personnel holding representative office” of November 1992. The circular was revised in order to adapt the time given to the representatives of the personnel to perform their elective mandate and to ensure more transparency in their activities, by indicating, inter alia, the percentage of time worked in the framework of their mandate, as well as the training, activities and ensuing results. Department Head Office HR Department
Ye, Ran; Wang, Xiao-hua; Wendt, Hein; Wu, Jin-Xi; Euwema, Martin
Despite the increasing popularity of managerial coaching in organizations worldwide, little is known with regard to how gender and culture may affect managerial behavior. The present study is one of the first large-scale empirical studies on managerial coaching. Survey data were obtained from a sample of more than 130,000 practicing managers working in 51 countries/areas. First, we found that globally, female managers were reported to engage in more managerial coaching behavior than male mana...
Bakhtina, Olga Yurevna; Kirillov, Andrey Vladimirovich; Matyash, Sergey Askoldovich; Urzha, Olga Aleksandrovna
The main approaches for development of assessment technology of higher education institution's administrative personnel are considered in this article. Alongside with it the following is defined: purposes, formation principles, indicators and criteria of the assessment system, rating scale, the procedure and order of assessment process of higher…
The article is devoted to the review of the administrative decision from the point of view of а product of managerial work. The nature and content of managerial work is studied. The research of parameters of managerial work is conducted, its features are identified. The specific characteristics of the administrative decision as a product of managerial work are identified.
Full Text Available Purpose: identifying theoretical and practical communication management competence in vocational training of future specialists of physical education and sport. Material: analysis of 220 literary sources of psycho-pedagogical nature, sports theory, control theory, methods of physical education, which cover the administrative aspect of modern specialist training. Results: the need to form a managerial competency in the process of future specialists in education and sport preparation with regard to its qualitative and structural characteristics was established in the research. Conclusions: there is an evidence that the meaningful impact on the development of managerial competency takes place successfully under conditions of personal socialization in the communicative environment; orientation towards systematic assimilation of knowledge about the phenomenon of management, focus on the effective implementation of activities; development of professional and individual characteristics, which together meet the objectives and content of the pedagogical preparation of students.
YougenLi; XipingZhao; JianfangGeng
We use structural equation technique to test four hypothesis relationships between the managerial pay and firm performance. Data from 208 Chinese listed companies is used, the evidence supports Hypothesis 3. It opens out that ownership concentration affects firm performance indirectly through managerial pay, and illustrates managerial pay is a valid mechanism in corporate governance to motivate manager to maximize firm's performance.At the same time, we find ownership concentration is negative to managerial pay, while IPO time and registration areas are positive to managerial pay obviously. It suggests that finding a correct solution to management incentive is the key to improve firm performance.
Recently it has come to understand there is no sensible alternative to nuclear power if we are to cope with global warming and sustain civilization. To construct new or additional nuclear power plants in the world, a great number of engineers and scientists will be needed. Results of the quantitative analysis of the nuclear personnel trend including the personnel demand based on future domestic and overseas markets were presented with the necessity and problems of nuclear personnel training in Japan. Japanese government has started 'Nuclear Personnel Training Program' since FY2007. (T. Tanaka)
The main aim of this report is to research and analyze mobbing and fear in the workplace from the managerial perspective because such behaviour is often regarded as negative or undesirable and it has various effects on the employees. The study is divided into the theoretical and the empirical part. The theoretical part describes mobbing in general and explains this phenomenon from the viewpoint of its historical development and as connected to fear. The empirical part includes t...
This article reads the development of psychologically based actor training against larger changes in the organisation of work in North America and Europe in the twentieth century. Konstantin Stanislavky's System and later adaptations including the American Method are wrapped into a larger ideology of individual self-management and discipline – mental, physical, and emotional – that accompanies the emergent managerial class of the post-war era. An actor is an ideal manager, and therefore prefi...
Ali Akdemir; Murat Kasimoglu; Asli Ekmekci
The aim of this study was to examine the factors affecting the management and leadership style and managerial perceptions of managers in leading Turkish companies. The empirical research was conducted with the participation of top-level managers in the top 500 companies of Turkey and the data was statistically analyzed using the Poisson Regression Model. As a result of the analysis of the data, it was found that the number of employees working in the organization and the leadership and manage...
PLUMB Ion; ZAMFIR Andreea
The topic of the knowledge-based society and its implications on management is highly debated nowadays. Therefore, the aim of this study is to identify the logical connections between the knowledge-based society and the managerial revolution. The findings of this study reveal that the knowledge- based society and, more specifically, the knowledge-based economy, along with their main features and requirements regarding people’s competences and skills, have a major influence on management, whet...
Rodela, E S
Mintzberg proposed that managers at all levels enact ten roles. There is, however, a relative importance ascribed to the various roles given the manager's location in the hierarchy. Like Mintzberg's ideas on the utility of ten roles, we found that managers at all levels, to varying degrees, need the three skills proposed by Katz. We have argued that a variety of roles and skills describe what managers do. At the same time, the predominance of one role or skill over another may be influenced by the location of the manager in the hierarchy. The question is not whether roles would be enacted at different levels or whether skills will be required, but whether one role or skill or a set of roles and skills will be predominant for the first-line supervisor. The first-line supervisor's work requires that he or she be predominantly proficient in the areas of human and technical skills in order to fulfill supervisory responsibilities. Current empirical research supports this assertion; however, the continuing study of managerial roles and skills and other variables such as functional specialty will offer other opportunities for the study of first-line supervisors. For example, will the predominance of the roles and skills that we have discussed vary if the supervisor is a line or staff manager or if the supervisor works in a production or service related organization? Organizations adapt to change to meet the expectations of those within and outside the organization with something at stake. Organizations need managers to facilitate the realization of organizational goals, so organizations need to continuously train managers, targeting appropriate roles and skills given each manager's location in the hierarchy. The preceding pages should provide resource materials to individuals and organizations interested in evaluating and designing the training and development of first-line supervisors. This roles-and-skills information can be productively utilized to assist the
Andra, Gogu. 2012. Business Intelligence: Managerial Relevance, Software Solutions and Development Trends. Bachelor’s Thesis. Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Sciences. Business and Culture. Pages 72. Information Technology represents a wide dimension with many types of data from which the information can be obtained. Without a complex system that is able to analyze the different types of data and return the obtained result to the user, the information will no longer have value. The conce...
Chew, Yee Aun
With the phenomenal growth of hotel development activities in the Asia Pacific region, it is anticipated an increasing need for experienced expatriate managers. When working in a foreign environment, expatriate is faced with challenges from both work related and personal issues. Premature returns and ineffective expatriate performance are crucial issues facing international businesses. This study explored the relationship of expatriate adjustment, managerial performance and human resource man...
CARDOS Ildiko Reka; Stefan PETE
In the last years many organizations realized that market orientation is essential to their success. Satisfying the needs of customers, offering them products and services which meet their desires and demands, customer loyalty can increase profitability for long term. After analyzing the existing journal literature in this field we would like to emphasize that managerial accounting, cost calculation methods and techniques, the analysis of costs provides relevant information when analyzing the...
Marian TAICU; Iacob, Constanta
The complexity of the economic life, the economic and financial crisis and the social and environmental problems determine the increase in the role of information provided by managerial accounting in decision-making. The efficient management of any economic unit is based on the existence of a well structured information system, according to managers’ information needs, the main component of such system being accounting. The article aims at clarifying certain aspects concerning the role of man...
The paper discusses the relevance of hierarchy of brands, and the role of brand audit to manage the brand portfolio of a firm emerging in competitive business arena. The discussion in the paper also delineates the steps involved in architecting a brand in a firm from the managerial perspective. The value of corporate brand endorsement across different products and product lines, and at lower levels of the brand hierarchy also needs to be assessed. Use of corporate brand endorsement either as ...
Geddes, R. Richard
This article addresses three issues. First, the sensitivity of managerial turnover in investor owned electric utilities to changes in owner and customer wealth is examined Accounting measures of firm performance, allowed returns, and changes in outputs are included. A logit model is estimated to test the hypothesis that managers in regulated utilities are monitored by owners on the basis of regulatory rent-seeking behavior, versus a "regulatory slack" hypothesis. The evidence: presented here ...
Arturo Bris; Salvatore Cantale
We analyze the effect of capital adequacy requirements on bank risk policy when managers and shareholders have different information about the quality of the loan portfolio. In a two-period model in which shareholders implement the optimal contract with managers, we show that the level of managerial effort (and therefore the quality of the loan portfolio) is higher when shareholders cannot observe the manager's action. When information regarding the bank loan portfolio is symmetric, capital r...
Recent developments have sparked a renewed interest concerning risk related topics in nonfinancial companies. Risk management issues directly touch the domain of management accounting and control. In Germany, topics related to the support of corporate or enterprise risk management are commonly discussed under the label of “Risikocontrolling”, which will be translated as Managerial Risk Accounting and Control. However, the conceptual foundation of a risk oriented management accounting respecti...
Sady Mazzioni; Leandro Politelo; Carlos Eduardo Facin Lavarda
The purpose of this paper is analyzing the influence of budget participation on the relationship between procedural justice and managerial performance in organizations in Santa Catarina. In order to achieve the objective, a descriptive quantitative research was carried out, based on a questionnaire, with 5 and 7-pont Likert scale, answered by 44 managers. For data treatment, it was used the statistical package Smart PLS to determine, by regression technique, the contribution of each variable ...
This paper compares the effects on corporate performance and managerial self-dealing in a situation in which a (privately informed) CEO reports to a single Board that is responsible for both monitoring management and establishing performance targets to an alternative in which the CEO reports to two different Boards, each of them responsible for a different task. The equilibrium set of the common agency game induced by the dual board structure is fully characterized. Compared to a single board...
This paper investigates whether managerial entrenchment of controlling shareholders affects the distribution of bankers to the boards of Japanese manufacturing firms. Bankers are not likely to be appointed to firms with large corporate shareholders as controlling shareholders because large corporate shareholders have incentives to entrench managers. Moreover, in the aftermath of executive appointments of banks and large corporate shareholders, restructuring and improved performances of the ap...
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is analyzing the influence of budget participation on the relationship between procedural justice and managerial performance in organizations in Santa Catarina. In order to achieve the objective, a descriptive quantitative research was carried out, based on a questionnaire, with 5 and 7-pont Likert scale, answered by 44 managers. For data treatment, it was used the statistical package Smart PLS to determine, by regression technique, the contribution of each variable (participation and procedural justice on the dependent variable (performance. Descriptive statistics points to a greater awareness regarding the possibility of participation in budgeting process and a less meaningful feeling regarding superiors’ procedural justice, leaving the assessment of managerial performance in an intermediate condition. Initially, it was found that the correlations between independent (procedural justice and intervening (budget participation variables, and between intervening and dependent (managerial performance variables are statistically meaningful. However, the correlation between independent and dependent variables was not statistically meaningful. The results of using structural equation (path analysis indicated that one of the assumptions of the indirect effect was not confirmed, that is, the relationship between independent and dependent variables should diminish after being controlled by the intervening variable. In the present study, the reverse situation was observed, starting from a non-significant correlation and reaching a significant negative correlation, after the effect of the intervening variable.
Internal control quality of the firms can be determined by the firms¡¯ specific features, auditing quality and corporate governance. This research tries to make sure another factor-managerial ability is positively associated with internal control quality. With the evidences based on the A share in China¡¯s capital markets from 2009 to 2012, this research testifies that this relationship is statistically significant. Disclosing the internal control quality for all listed firms in China are man...
Coles, Jeffrey; Lemmon, Michael; Meschke, Felix
This paper presents a parsimonious, structural model that captures primary economic determinants of the relation between firm value and managerial ownership. Supposing that observed firm size and managerial pay-performance sensitivity (PPS) maximize value, we invert our model to panel data on size and PPS to obtain estimates of the productivity of physical assets and managerial input. Variation of these productivity parameters, optimizing firm size and compensation contract, and the way the p...
Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 3) entitled “Categories of members of the personnel”, approved by the Director-General following discussion at the Standing Concertation Committee meeting of 3 July 2014 and entering into force on 1 September 2014, is available on the intranet site of the Human Resources Department. This circular is applicable to all members of the personnel. It cancels and replaces Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 2) entitled “Categories of members of the personnel” of January 2013. The circular was revised in order to include a minor adjustment of the determination of required period of break in the payment of subsistence allowance to certain categories of associated members of the personnel (taking account of possible technical means of control). Furthermore, the possibility of traineeships of long duration was restricted to cases in which the traineeship is awarded pursuant to an agreement between CERN and a...
Zhou, KZ; Li, JJ
As China experience unprecedented changes in its social, legal, and economic institutions, on what should foreign firms focus more to overcome this challenge, managerial ties or market orientation? This study investigates how managerial ties and market orientation affect competitive advantage and, consequently, firm performance in China. On the basis of a survey of 179 foreign firms in China, we find that both managerial ties and market orientation can lead to firm success-but in different wa...
van Hoorn, A.A.J.
In a globalizing world, cross-national differences in values and business culture and understanding these differences become increasingly central to a range of managerial issues. Studies of cultural (dis)similarities in the values of managers (so-called managerial values) and the development of a unified, global business culture, however, have hardly developed beyond static, bi-country comparisons of managerial values. This paper addresses three recent critiques of the literature on cultural ...
C. Kirabo Jackson; Henry S. Schneider
Moral hazard is endemic to employment relationships and firms often use performance pay and managerial control to address this problem. While performance pay has received much empirical attention, managerial control has not. We analyze data from a managerial-control field experiment in which an auto-repair firm provided detailed checklists to mechanics and monitored their use. Revenue was 20 percent higher under the experiment. We compare this effect to that of quasi-experimental increases in...
CARDOS Ildiko Reka
Full Text Available In the last years many organizations realized that market orientation is essential to their success. Satisfying the needs of customers, offering them products and services which meet their desires and demands, customer loyalty can increase profitability for long term. After analyzing the existing journal literature in this field we would like to emphasize that managerial accounting, cost calculation methods and techniques, the analysis of costs provides relevant information when analyzing the customer’s profitability. We pay special attention on cost systems. An activity based costing approach takes customer profitability to new levels of accuracy and usefulness, provides the basis for creating, communicating and delivering value to the customers.
Professionalism and managerialism are important and conflicting concepts in the study of professionals working in public service organizations. By focusing on street-level social workers and social work discretion, it is possible to see how welfare-to-work policies are practiced as well as how...... organizational articulations opens or closes for discretion in social work. This paper seeks on an empirical basis to account for how management organizes, supervises and seeks control over social work discretion and, consequently, influences the discretionary powers of social workers in a Danish municipality...
Matei, Ani; Iancu, Diana Camelia
This paper deals with a developing concept, that of public sector reform, and explores it within the boundaries of e-administration practices. International competition and internal raising expectations have lead governments across the world to reconfigure their relationships with the surrounding environments. In doing so, they mostly switched to a newer paradigm, based not on affirmation and mechanical theories, but on the concept of a living, biological system. Following this trend, many go...
Ajlouni, Moh'd Mahmoud
This study investigates the managerial incentive of insider trading. A research subject that has not been empirically examined in the UK yet. In doing so, this study merges two parallels but related tracks: The information contents of insider trading which is a Finance subject backed by the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) and the managerial incentives of insider trading which is a Management subject backed by the Agency Theory. In fact, the managerial incentives of insider trading only bec...
New technologies have led to a new information and knowledge based economy. In this context, technology has changed the work environment, where organisations have become increasingly complex and competitive. Namely, the technologically induced a “virtual” environment has resulted in the adoption of new organisational structures and work skills and practices. On the one hand, the workplace increasingly requires employee to work in teams,collaborating across companies, communities, and conti...
The paper is focused on negotiation processes performed in a company and presents author’s concept of the description of the roles and functions accomplished by managers within those processes and being of significant importance from the point of view of negotiations’ outcomes. Such a concept aims at providing the analysis and conducting of business negotiations with effective support. Firstly (following introduction), the concept, types, and comprehensive model of such negotiations is presen...
Rose, Jeremy; Aaen, Ivan; Nielsen, Peter Axel
Thinking about improving the management of software development in software firms is dominated by one approach: the capability maturity model devised and administered at the Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University. Though CMM, and its replacement CMMI are widely known and used...... of management thinking about large production and manufacturing organisations (particularly in America) in the late industrial age. Many of the difficulties reported with CMMI can be attributed basing practice on these assumptions in organisations which have different cultures and management...... traditions, perhaps in different countries operating different economic and social models. Characterizing CMMI in this way opens the door to another question: are there other sets of organisational and management assumptions which would be better suited to other types of organisations operating in other...
Full Text Available New technologies have led to a new information and knowledge based economy. In this context, technology has changed the work environment, where organisations have become increasingly complex and competitive. Namely, the technologically induced a “virtual” environment has resulted in the adoption of new organisational structures and work skills and practices. On the one hand, the workplace increasingly requires employee to work in teams,collaborating across companies, communities, and continents. These changes and the new organisational structures have also made an impact on role of managers and their management styles, on the other hand. In line with this, there a very rich collection of thinking and empirical research findings on the subject. The goal of our research was to recognize the importance of certain factors in motivating employees in organisations by managers . The other purpose was to investigate the job related motivation factors among senior and junior employees as well as explore issues in the workplace that may affect work demoralization. Furthemore, we explored the relationship between employees motivation and their competences.We also contributed to the topic in our research project-book with the new model of competency. Furthemore, we expect that our methodology will be implemented in practice. However, it should be also a good basis for further improvements in this area.
This work investigates the role of equity ownership for the purpose of committing the management to the pursuit of shareholder value in the presence of separation between ownership and control. By rooting the conflicts of interests between managers and shareholders upon the control of internal funds, a simple model allows to analyse the link between profit uncertainty, growth options and decisional powers. Implications are derived for the optimal degree of equity concentration, the effect of ...
Conventional accounting measures wealth W (assets and liabilities) and accounts for its net change, W(t + 1) - W(t), by means of income \\Delta W(t), classified into various revenue and expense items. Proposed "momentum accounting" measures income momentum W\\dot = dW/dt (time rate at which income is being earned at a given point in time) and accounts for its net change, W\\dot(t + 1) - W\\dot(t), by means of impulses \\Delta W\\dot(t). Here the impulses, a term borrowed from the momentum-impulse p...
The risk – one of the "key mechanisms" of economic development - is a specialized concept in theory that was not discussed enough, people still not being able to master the techniques for identifying and avoiding it during the course of their activity. Risk is the art of taking decisions in a world governed by uncertainty - a complex process of identifying, analyzing and responding to risks to which the organization is exposed.
Peter M. Noble; Thomas S. Gruca
We organize the existing theoretical pricing research into a new two-level framework for industrial goods pricing. The first level consists of four pricing situations: New Product, Competitive, Product Line, and Cost-based. The second level consists of the pricing strategies appropriate for a given situation. For example, within the new product pricing situation, there are three alternative pricing strategies: Skim, Penetration, and Experience Curve pricing. There are a total of ten pricing s...
Modern society, that constantly go through now, requires companies to act in an unstable environment more complex and risky. These features, not encouraging for â€˜healthâ€™ of economic agents acting on the market, is due to structural changes affecting transactions, accelerating technical progress especially through automation, competition between economic blocs, changing consumer preferences with sufficient speed, reducing the average life cycle for some products. The changing environment i...
Full Text Available The paper represents an analysis in the domain of the social insurances for health care. It emphasizes the necessity and the opportunity ofcreating in Romania a medical service market based on the competing system. In Romania, the social insurances for health care are at their verybeginning. The development of the domain of the private insurances for health care is prevented even by its legislation, due to the lack of a normativeact that may regulate the management of the private insurances for health care. The establishment of the legislation related to the optional insurancesfor health care might lead to some activity norms for the companies which carry out optional insurances for health care. The change of the legislationis made in order to create normative and financial opportunities for the development of the optional medical insurances. This change, as part of thesocial protection of people, will positively influence the development of the medical insurance system. The extension of the segment of the optionalinsurances into the medical insurance segment increases the health protection budget with the value of the financial sources which do not belong tothe budgetary funds.
Full Text Available The paper represents an analysis in the domain of the social insurances for health care. It emphasizesthe necessity and the opportunity of creating in Romania a medical service market based on the competingsystem. In Romania, the social insurances for health care are at their very beginning. The development of thedomain of the private insurances for health care is prevented even by its legislation, due to the lack of anormative act that may regulate the management of the private insurances for health care. The establishment ofthe legislation related to the optional insurances for health care might lead to some activity norms for thecompanies which carry out optional insurances for health care. The change of the legislation is made in order tocreate normative and financial opportunities for the development of the optional medical insurances. Thischange, as part of the social protection of people, will positively influence the development of the medicalinsurance system. The extension of the segment of the optional insurances into the medical insurance segmentincreases the health protection budget with the value of the financial sources which do not belong to thebudgetary funds.
Bachelor thesis "Management Skills" is about the analysis of management skills in the company. For the analysis is chosen company Sušické lesy a služby s.r.o. Main purpose of this bachelor thesis is analyze of managerial skills and the company structure, analyze its operation and propose some possible improvements to its functioning. The theoretical part explains the basic theoretical information. It is the management, management skills, management functions, etc. The practical part is about ...
Lucica SINTEA (ANGHEL
Full Text Available Constanta County represents a very strong economic force in Romania, but also in the European continent in general. Thus, Constanta, is facing numerous problems. The negative factors that have influenced Constanta County are mainly internal. Due to its position by the Black Sea, the County is also influenced by all international political events, by the decrease of the cereals in commodities exchanges, by the oil prices or the fluctuation of the exchange rate. However, most risks have emerged because of the managerial strategies implemented by companies or the state policy on the protection of national wealth. Our welfare, at micro and macroeconomic level, depends on administrative policies.
Although the brain drain of the government's administrative personnel involves dismissal, retirement, rejection and resignation, this paper focuses on the study of the voluntary brain drain of the government's administrative personnel, particularly the issue of voluntary resignation. The analysis on the concrete causes which contribute to the voluntary brain drain of government's administrative personnel from the perspective of society, government and individuals clarifies why those talents leave governmental offices.%政府管理人才的流出行为有开除、退休、辞退、辞职等方式,本文主要研究政府管理人才的自愿流出问题,重点就是主动辞职问题.从社会、政府、个人三个维度对政府管理人才自愿流出行为具体原因的分析,说明政府管理人才为何要离开政府部门.
This paper investigates whether managerial entrenchment of controlling shareholders affects corporate bond financing. Using data on Japanese manufacturing firms, we find that firms with controlling shareholders issue less straight corporate bonds than other firms. The results show that managerial entrenchment of controlling shareholders has an influential impact on corporate bond financing.
@@ 1.Introduction Many new businesses are opened in the whole world every day.Unfortunately,only a minor part of them has success and continues its activity.There is a variety of reasons which determine the hankruptcy of companies.Most of them are included in running a business,and more and more people come to realize the significance of management,especially personnel management,as personnel represents the relationship between people in the company,which is a key point for the development of enterprise.
Renneboog, L.D.R.; Trojanowski, G.
We simultaneously analyze two mechanisms of the managerial labor market: CEO turnover and monetary remuneration schemes.Sample selection models and hazard analyses applied to a random sample of 250 firms listed on the London Stock Exchange over a six-year pre-Cadbury period show that managerial remu
Dunwoody, Sharon L.; Ryan, Michael
A study examined the attitudes of scientists toward public information personnel and media coverage. Of 456 subjects (half social and behavioral scientists and half biological scientists) chosen randomly from the "American Men and Women of Science" reference books, 287 responded to the seven-page, two-part questionnaire. Part one contained 34…
... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appropriations and personnel. 35.4 Section... Appropriations and personnel. No appropriation shall be made available for the payment of expenses or salaries for the administration of a wilderness unit as a separate entity nor shall any appropriation be...
Evelio F. Machado
Full Text Available This article presents the problem of defining the concept of “competence”, due to it being an integral and complex term that has been applied in many domains as well as in a more general sense for everyday life. However, no doubt, a competence can only be tested and valuated in the practice, and it is a person who becomes competent in a context for a certain function. This is why there are many different conceptions in the literature regarding this issue; it’s a consequence of its imprecise, variable character. However, the position profiles (mainly in educational entities and the acceptation/graduation profiles are being more and more frequently established in terms of competences. This paper intends to check what has been valuated and written about the managerial competences training and development regarding the educational field, in order to obtain conclusions regarding its dimension in the school level.
Sørensen, Hans Eibe
executives from high-tech firms and venture capitalists in North America, Asia, and Europe to provide a foundation for future research. Business development is an emerging staff function providing an added level of sophistication to the firms' overall strategic management with interesting performance...... The management literature reflects remarkable little effort to investigate the nature and consequences of firms' business development activities. This exploratory research aims at synthesizing the scholarly knowledge on the subject with field interviews with senior business developers and...... implications. The business development function is typically found in progressive firms especially within high-tech industries, but is argued to become critical for all types of firms across industries wishing to grow and accumulate wealth. Research propositions and managerial implications are discussed....
Texas Education Agency, Austin.
This booklet presents guidelines designed to aid Texas school administrators in dealing with the three major aspects of public school personnel accounting--certification, allocations, and records. The booklet was prepared by the Texas Education Agency after extensive involvement with school district personnel in order to provide comprehensive,…
The paper presents the importance of managerial accounting in small and medium-sized enterprises. In accordance with Romanian Accountancy Law no 82/1991, managerial accounting and cost analyze are compulsory. As a result of some studies it has been ascertained that most companies don`t know how to correctly organize their managerial accounting and their system of costs. Specialized studies have revealed the fact that many trading companies who didn`t organize their managerial accounting, desp...
Full Text Available This study examines the relationship between cross-listing and managerial compensation of Chinese firms that concurrently issued A- and B-shares or A- and H-shares during 2001–2010. The results show that executive compensation is a positive factor to motivate Chinese A-share firms to cross-list as B- or H-shares; it implies that cross-listings could be employed as a way of asset appropriation at the managers’ discretion. The results also confirm that corporate governance is important in determining cross-listings. Under the weak corporate governance institution, Chinese firms were chosen to cross-list based on political considerations rather than on economic merits, serving as a vehicle to signal the quality of state owned enterprises. The results are drawn on agency theory, signalling hypothesis and bonding hypothesis.
Stephen J. Ball
Full Text Available O texto analisa a cultura de gestão e do desempenho como duas das principais tecnologias da reforma educacional que envolve a utilização calculada de técnicas e artefatos para organizar forças humanas e capacidades em redes de poder, as quais terminam por sonegar o espaço à constituição da identidade profissional dos professores como prática ético-cultural.This paper analyzes managerialism and the culture of achievement as two of the main technologies in the educational reform that involve the planned use of techniques and artefacts to organize human forces and capacities into networks of power, which end up denying room for the constitution of teachers' identity as an ethic and cultural practice.
The purposes of this study were to describe perceptions of managerial leadership behaviors associated with staff nurse turnover and to compare nurse manager leadership behaviors as perceived by managers and their staff nurses. Effective leadership styles among nurse managers have been associated with staff nurse job satisfaction and retention. Although both transformational and transactional leadership styles have been described as effective, it is unclear which nurse manager leadership behaviors contribute most to staff nurse retention. This descriptive, correlational study was conducted at a 465-bed community hospital in the northeastern United States. All staff nurses and nurse managers employed in both ambulatory and acute care nursing units were invited to participate in the study. The study sample comprised 79 staff nurses and 10 nurse managers, who completed demographic forms and the 45-item Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, which measures 12 dimensions of leadership style. Data were collected from July through September 2003. Active management by exception as perceived by staff nurses was the only managerial leadership style associated with staff nurse turnover (r = .26, p = .03). Compared with the perceptions among their staff nurses, nurse managers consistently perceived that they demonstrated a higher mean frequency of transformational leadership behaviors. The transactional leadership style of active management by exception not only appeared to be a deterrent to staff nurse retention but also reflected leadership perceptions among staff nurses who work evening and night shifts. This study also provides further evidence regarding a trend in which nurse managers and staff nurses do not concur on the frequency of transformational leadership behaviors but do demonstrate agreement on the frequency of transactional leadership behaviors. PMID:15898399
The results of the official personnel dose supervision by the authority for evaluation of radiation dosimetry of GSF show radiation protection for personnel in nuclear medicine to be important. The total amount of annual personnel doses (collective dose) is accounted for by medicine only in a portion of 1/4. Excepting the application of radium 226, orthopaedists, radiologists and specialists in internal diseases practising nuclear medicine sustain higher personnel doses than personnel in other fields of nuclear medicine. (DG)
Full Text Available Auditor independence is associated with the independence of the internal/external auditor from various parties who may have some financial interest in the business being audited. Many countries have set up different rules forcing firms to change their auditors every few years. This helps business retain healthy business. This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the effect of change in auditing system on 90 selected firms from Tehran Stock Exchange over the period 2007-2011. Using a regression model developed earlier by Demerjian et al. (2012a [Demerjian, P. R., Lev, B., Lewis, M. F., & McVay, S. E. (2012a. Managerial ability and earnings quality. The Accounting Review, 88(2, 463-498.], the study determines a positive impact of change in auditor system on business development.
Statistical and Managerial Techniques for Six Sigma Methodology examines the methodology through illustrating the most widespread tool and techniques involved in Six Sigma application. Both managerial and statistical aspects of Six Sigma will be analyzed, allowing the reader to apply these tools in the field. This book offers an insight on variation and risk management, and focuses on the structure and organizational aspects of the Six Sigma projects. It covers six sigma methodology, basic managerial techniques, basic statistical techniques, methods for variation and risk management and advanc
De la Garza Carranza, María Teresa; Carolyn P. Egri
This study of 122 executives in Canadian small businesses examined the extent to which managerial cultural intelligence was a contributing factor to the organizational effectiveness of small businesses. We found that the cultural intelligence of small business managers engaged in international business was higher than that of small business managers in domestic-only firms. After controlling for firm entrepreneurial orientation, we found that managerial cultural intelligence was positively rel...
Bien souvent, dans le langage courant comme au sein de nombreux ouvrages scientifiques, on tend à confondre "l'administration du personnel" et "la gestion des ressources humaines". Au regard des politiques de mobilité et d'évaluation des performances au sein de l'administration publique, nous souhaiterions toutefois mettre en lumière une différence essentielle entre un mode de gestion du personnel qui, basé sur un important corpus juridique, répond aux strictes contraintes rég...
CHANDLER, John; Bell, Linda; Berg, Elisabeth; Barry, Jim
This article considers the changing nature of social work in England and Sweden in the context of neoliberal reforms, and the consequences of the ongoing shifts to marketisation and differentiation, managerialism and performativity. Drawing on secondary sources and some interview data from English and Swedish social workers, the article argues that social workers in England and Sweden face similar shifts as marketisation, differentiation, managerialism and its related performativity reshape t...
Petra Cajnko; Sonja Treven; Polona Tominc
The article tries to answer the research question: What is the potential additive effect on employee satisfaction and overall company performance when using managerial coaching model and its activities? The purpose of the article has been to form a model of managerial coaching and of the influence of its activities on employee satisfaction and overall company performance based on theory review and field study results. We have confirmed the two main hypotheses and all the secondary hypotheses ...
Mecca, Christyna E.
Listed in this directory are individuals concerned currently with marine activities on the coasts of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, and the adjacent offshore area, known administratively as the Coastal Plains Region. The categories for the listings include educational institutions, state and county agencies, and federal agencies. The…
Jones, J. B.
This paper was based upon the thesis that there are environments which will effect positive relationships between people and will regulate their modes of thought and subsequent actions. It was further postulated that there is an ordering of values by rural residents and a corresponding urban ordering of values. In view of the foregoing, it was…
Alunica MORARIU; Grigore BELOSTECINIC; Ionel BOSTAN
Even if we assist to a decrease of the activity volume regarding the recruitment, its importance and the staff selection, stage specific to the MRU, coming immediately after the recruitment, will increase, so much the more as, the obtaining of organizational performance in crisis times requires human resources which are capable to integrate themselves in the strategic activity meant to put an end to the crisis. We are experiencing a period in which, sometimes, the experience is preferred rath...
Full Text Available In many countries tax incentives are a popular means of realizing political, economic and social objectives. The main motive of their application is often to achieve and accelerate the selected activities in the public interest and also stimulate development of industry, and induce growth in research and investment. The key element that helps a company achieve a competitive advantage is innovation. Global competition forces the production of unique products and services. Tax incentives in science, research and development are important in stimulating innovation. The purpose of this article is to show the level of managerial awareness about R&D tax incentives, the level of R&D tax incentive usage by companies in Poland, and main obstacles that managers meet with R&D tax incentives in practice. We explore R&D tax incentives as a government instrument on R&D management and aim to find the reasons why Polish companies do not take advantage of them. We examine 275 companies using a semi-structured questi onnaire. Our findings suggest that many firms report lack of knowledge about such incentives, and firms find many obstacles to reach all of the requirements which are necessary to use the incentive. Due to our analysis we find that large firms, especially those that implement innovation, are more likely to use the tax incentives, but small and medium sized companies find more obstacle. The effect of this tax policy is significant mainly in large, high-tech sector firms.
Van Oudenhoven, J.P.; Mechelse, L.; De Dreu, C.K.W.
This research deals with managerial conflict management in Denmark, United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Spain, and Belgium. According to Hofstede (1991). these countries' cultures differ primarily in terms of uncertainty avoidance, power distance, and masculinity-femininity. The differences in uncertai
Detert, James R; Treviño, Linda K; Burris, Ethan R; Andiappan, Meena
The authors studied the effect of 3 modes of managerial influence (managerial oversight, ethical leadership, and abusive supervision) on counterproductivity, which was conceptualized as a unit-level outcome that reflects the existence of a variety of intentional and unintentional harmful employee behaviors in the unit. Counterproductivity was represented by an objective measure of food loss in a longitudinal study of 265 restaurants. After prior food loss and alternative explanations (e.g., turnover, training, neighborhood income) were controlled for, results indicated that managerial oversight and abusive supervision significantly influenced counterproductivity in the following periods, whereas ethical leadership did not. Counterproductivity was also found to be negatively related to both restaurant profitability and customer satisfaction in the same period and to mediate indirect relationships between managerial influences and distal unit outcomes. PMID:17638460
Renneboog, L.D.R.; Trojanowski, G.
We simultaneously analyze two mechanisms of the managerial labor market: CEO turnover and monetary remuneration schemes.Sample selection models and hazard analyses applied to a random sample of 250 firms listed on the London Stock Exchange over a six-year pre-Cadbury period show that managerial remuneration and the termination of labor contracts play an important role in mitigating agency problems between managers and shareholders.We find that both the CEO's industry-adjusted monetary compens...
Head and department nurses were the target groups of this research in the Faculty Hospital, Brno. This paper deals with their managerial competencies. 846 respondents participated in a questionnaire research covering 724 nurses, 99 department nurses and 23 head nurses. This research shows that informal relationships predominate in the Hospital and it is based on the democratic managerial style of department and head nurses. Nurses in management positions are quite satisfied with their manager...
David A Ralston; Gustafson, David J.; Cheung, Fanny M.; Robert H Terpstra
In this study of convergence/divergence of managerial values, four Western-developed measures (Machiavellianism, locus of control, intolerance of ambiguity and dogmatism) and the four dimensions of the Eastern-developed Chinese Value Survey (Confucian dynamism, human-heartedness, integration, and moral discipline) were the measures used. The findings indicate that often times both culture and the business environment interact to create a unique set of managerial values in a country.© 1993 JIB...
Venkatachalam, Mohan; Rajgopal, Shivaram; Kotha, Suresh
In this study we investigate the role played by managerial actions in explaining stock market returns and accounting earnings of 57 Internet firms engaged in Business-to-Business (B2B) e-commerce. We classify 3,166 managerial actions undertaken by our sample firms between the firm's IPO date and September 30, 2000 into ten key action categories: (1) acquisition of major customers, (2) introduction of new products and services, (3) promotional and marketing actions, (4) expansion into internat...
Kyriazanos, Ioannis; Kalles, Vasileios; Stefanopoulos, Anastasios; Spiliotis, John; Mohamed, Faheez
Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) is increasingly used in the treatment of peritoneal malignancies. The administration of HIPEC after complete cytoreduction offers the combination of the pharmacokinetic advantages inherent to the intraperitoneal delivery of cytotoxic chemotherapy, with the direct cytotoxic effects of hyperthermia, and has been reported to offer significantly improved patient outcomes. As a result, this novel method disseminates rapidly, with many surgical teams having developed peritoneal malignancy treatment programs. Protocols are needed for the introduction, handling, and management of chemotherapeutic agents in the operating room to minimize risk to the staff involved in the procedure. The personnel exposure during CRS and HIPEC may arise from different routes, such as air contamination, direct contact, manipulation of perfusates or chemotherapy solutions, and manipulation of objects/tissues exposed to chemotherapeutics. Guidelines for safe administration of HIPEC including environmental contamination risk management, personal protective equipment, and occupational health issues are yet to be established. This review summarizes the existing evidence regarding the safety considerations of HIPEC administration. PMID:27566037
Full Text Available International activities of small and medium enterprises (SMEs constitutean important research area. To understand this phenomenon,researchers employ different theoretical perspectives. Among them, theresource-based theory has been given much attention. In this studythree managerial factors: managerial attitude toward internationalization,internationalization knowledge and international experience, areseen as examples of the firm’s intangible assets. The objectives of thisstudy are twofold. First, it aims to examine the significance of thementioned managerial resources for smes’ internationalization. Second,it verifies the relationship between the level of the firm’s internationalizationand performance. The study is based on a sample ofhighly-internationalized Slovenian companies. According to the findings,managerial attitudes towards internationalization and internationalizationknowledge are significantly related to the level of SMEinternationalization. The statistical analysis also provides support forthe relationship between the level of the firm’s internationalization andperformance.
Bandiera, Oriana; Barankay, Iwan; Rasul, Imran
We present evidence on the effect of social connections between workers and managers on productivity in the workplace. To evaluate whether the existence of social connections is beneficial to the firm's overall performance, we explore how the effects of social connections vary with the strength of managerial incentives and worker's ability. To do so, we combine panel data on individual worker's productivity from personnel records with a natural field experiment in which we engineered an exoge...
Olimpia Neagu; Vasile Lazar; Simona Macarie
The paper explores the managerial competencies of human resources in the companies from the counties of Satu Mare and Bihor. A model of these competencies is provided also, according to the identified relationships between various managerial competencies. Data were collected by applying a questionnaire to 114 companies located in the counties of Satu Mare and Bihor, within the project HURO/0901/264/2.2.2 implemented in partnership by "Vasile Goldis" Western University and University of Debrec...
Nuthall, Peter L.
The key resource in efficient production is the management input used to coordinate the land, labour and capital. Yet, our understanding of this resource is still somewhat limited, especially the factors involved in improving the managerial ability of farmers. This paper summarises three tests developed to help assess managers, and uses the data collected through random surveys of all types of farmers to explain the origins of managerial ability. Survey data on the competencies farmers' belie...
This region's actual development is in need of immediate actions to reduce costs, protect the environment and increase company competitiveness versus a growing global economy. Energetic efficiency represents on of the principal opportunities to meets these goals. Numerous studies in companies in Cuba, Mexico, Colombia and Ecuador have shown poor energetic management and cleared that there are many costs reduction possibilities if they create technical capacities within the industry. The center of energy and environmental studies in the university of Cien Fuegos, created the total management of efficient energy, its main objective is to create in technical and organizational capacities in the corporations. Known as TGTEE, Total Management of Efficient Energy, has widened its popularity among the region and has achieved significant economic and social results, and leads to the construction of an energetic and environmental culture
Salem Lotfi Boumediene
This article models the detection and prediction of managerial fraud in the financial statements of Tunisian banks. The methodology used consist of examining a battery of financial ratios used by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) as indicators of the financial situation of a bank. We test the predictive power of these ratios using logistic regression. The results show that we can detect managerial fraud in the financial statements of Tunisian banks using performance ratios thre...
Full Text Available The Slovenian post-privatisation period has been characterised by a decline in the ownership by non-managerial owners (employees and state-controlled funds. On the other hand, domestic and foreign non-financial firms, Privatisation Investment Funds and managers have been increasing their holdings. The latter, namely the growing managerial ownership, is likely to feature in future ownership dynamics in Slovenia. In fact, in 2002 the desired (optimal ownership stakes estimated by Slovenian managers were 10.8 percentage points higher than their actual stakes. The aim of our paper is to describe the main trends in the ownership of Slovenian corporations in the post-privatisation period and to provide an answer to the basic economic question: what is the influence of the ongoing consolidation of managerial ownership on the performance of Slovenian firms. The empirical analysis testing this relationship is based on a panel of 182 Slovenian firms in the 1995-99 period and does not provide relevant evidence of any positive effects of the increasing managerial control on Slovenian firms’ performance. If any, a positive incentive effect is only observed in those firms whose managers’ holdings exceed 10-percent, only with regards to firms’ financial performance (but not total factor productivity and only in firms that are not listed on the capital market. Further, the negative effect of the current gap between the desired and actual managerial ownership seems to exceed any positive incentive effect arising out of managerial ownership
Marco Biagetti; Sergio Scicchitano
In this article we apply a two stage approach in order to investigate the existence of a stronger gender discrimination when the job position is higher, splitting the Italian labor market into managers and non managers. Once the threefold selection biases for the two genders are accounted for through a multinomial logit model, amongst non managers both the wage gap and the discriminatory component rise, while amongst managers those two components decrease considerably and become not significa...
Kato, Takao; Long, Cheryl
The promotion tournament as a potentially important incentive mechanism for top management in transition economies has not been examined by the emerging literature on managerial incentives in transition economies. This paper is the first attempt to fill this important gap in the literature. The paper begins with modifying the previously-derived empirical predictions from the tournament theory to the context of transition economies in which state ownership still plays a significant role in pub...
Building on the work of Stulz (1990), this paper analyzes the impact of managerial discretion on optimal leverage within an agency cost model of corporate financing. Under the assumption that stockholders do not know with certainty the mean of the cash flow distribution, we argue that leverage fails to control for the amount of cash the manager can misappropriate in personal projects. We develop a model of a firm’s value maximization problem that predicts that as expected earnings uncertainty...
Rogers, Hartley, Jr.
Basic mathematical concepts of Managerial Economics, a way of quantitatively analyzing and structuring the making of a business decision, are presented. Advantages and disadvantages of its use in business are discussed and several recent applications are given. (DT)
Gomez, Esteban; Gunn, Ryan
Purpose: Within managerial coaching research, no-one has specifically explored the relationship between managerial coaching and leader development for the manger. Does the manager derive beneficial outcomes from coaching others? Do these outcomes help develop the manager to be a better leader? The Authors ask What is the relationship between managerial coaching and leader development from the perspective of the coaching manager? In answering, two objectives are addressed. First, establish if ...
Kneeland, Steven J.
Having identified the problem of managerial transition in a previous article (CE 510 277), the author outlines a strategy for change which includes performance appraisal, definition of the management structure, and counselling for the individual in transition. (SK)
Edward P. Lazear
In 1987, the Journal of Labor Economics published an issue on the economics of personnel. Since then, personnel economics, defined as the application of labor economics principles to business issues, has become a major part of labor economics, now accounting for a substantial proportion of papers in this and other journals. Much of the work in personnel economics has been theoretical, in large part because the data needed to test these theories has not been available. In recent years, a numbe...
In this thesis the attention is not concentrated only on the manager, his knowledge and skills, functions etc., but mainly on one of the basic management activities, which is the decision making. Decision-making includes additional terms related to this very important managerial function. The first part of this thesis is the literature review. The aim is the explanation of the theoretical knowledge and explanation of basic terminology in the area of managerial decision-making. It shows a numb...
Cellini, Roberto; Lambertini, Luca; Sterlacchini, Alessandro
We study the product and process innovation choice of firms in which a managerial incentive à la Vickers (1985) is present. Taking a two-stage dynamic game approach, we show that managerial firms are led to over-invest in process innovation, as compared to standard profit-maximising firms, while they under-invest in product innovation. The reason is that process innovation allows to decrease cost, and this is consistent with a convenient increase in the production level. On the opposite, prod...
Conley, Sharon; Gould, Jewell; Levine, Harriet
Purpose: Despite the critical role of support personnel in education, the literature about their supervision has been less than informative. In an effort to provide additional guidance to school leaders seeking to improve the supervision of such personnel, the purpose of this paper is to examine and compare three distinct groups of support…
This paper analyzes the relationship between privatization and service quality in the electricity industry, and tests the hypothesis that managerial behavior is a significant intervening factor. The sample includes 31 Italian distributors over the period 1998-2004; their quality performance is represented by continuity of supply, an aspect of quality that is both contractible and regulated. Results of the empirical analysis suggest that the transfer of shareholdings to private investors does not lead to quality degradation. The results also suggest that managerial dominance translates into a reduction in supply quality; this effect is likely to be particularly strong for public-sector utilities
Full Text Available This research administer with the purpose of investigate relationship between organizational socialization (include training, understanding, co-worker support and future perspectives with career aspirations (include technical – functional competence, general managerial competence, organizational stability and dedication to cause, geographical security, entrepreneurial creativity, autonomy/independence, life style and pure challenges among personnel of organization related to petroleum ministry in Esfahan city. Research method was correlation and statistical population were the total of male and females of above mentioned organizations. Research sample were the 501 persons (405 males and 96 females which selected from personnel’s list of each organization with using simple random sampling. Research instruments were: organizational socialization inventory with 20 items (and four subscales and career aspiration questionnaire with 25 items (and eight subscales. Face, content and construct validity of research instruments along with internal consistency studied and verified. Data analyzed with using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and enter regression analysis. Results revealed that some of organizational socialization subscales have predictive power for career aspirations subscales as below: training and future perspectives for entrepreneurial creativity (=0.235 and =-0.204 respectively, future perspectives for pure challenges (=0.223, understanding and future perspectives for organizational stability and dedication to cause (=0.258 and =-0.275 respectively, training for technical – functional competence (=-0.260, training for general managerial competence (=-0.204, training, co-worker support and future perspectives for life style (=-0.229, =0.272 and =-0.205 respectively and training for geographical stability (=-0.2.
Hamlin, Robert G.; Patel, Taran
Purpose: This paper aims to report the results of a replication study of perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness within a Romanian public sector hospital, and to discuss the extent to which they are similar to and different from findings from equivalent studies carried out in two British NHS Trust hospitals. Design/methodology/approach:…
Hamlin, Robert G.
Various researchers have recently challenged "contingent" models of managerial and leadership effectiveness, arguing that logic suggesting the universality of manager and supervisory leader behaviors is compelling, although there is sparse empirical evidence to support this view. A comparative study of the findings from three previous empirical…
Valentine, Jerry W.; Prater, Mike
This statewide study examined the relationships between principal managerial, instructional, and transformational leadership and student achievement in public high schools. Differences in student achievement were found when schools were grouped according to principal leadership factors. Principal leadership behaviors promoting instructional and…
Eacott, Scott; Norris, Judith
On an international scale, public administration is undergoing considerable restructuring as principles of private enterprise are becoming the orthodoxy. At the same time, economic instability (or crisis) is gripping both national and global financial markets, suggesting a flaw in the system or even that capitalism has reached it limits. Crises in…
I. J. Chen
Full Text Available In this study, the relationship among analyst following, managerial ownership and firm valuation is investigated from the perspective of agency theory by using a nonlinear simultaneous equation model. The data from the Taiwan stock market verify the proposed hypotheses with a nonlinear three-stage least-square procedure. The empirical results show that managerial ownership (serving an internal monitoring function and number of analysts following (serving an external monitoring function are respectively nonlinear and linear increasing functions of firm valuation, while managerial ownership and analyst following are substitutes in the monitoring of the firm. The results generated from this study support an alignment effect and an entrenchment effect in the relationship between managerial ownership and firm valuation after controlling for the effect of analyst following. Evidence also shows that analyst coverage serves to enhance firm valuation after controlling for the effect of managerial ownership. In addition, a substitution effect between number of analysts following and managerial ownership is found to exist as well as a decreasing marginal value for managerial ownership. It is indicated that both security analysts and managerial ownership serve as monitoring forces in the firm and higher level of monitoring forces, whether internal or external, will enhance firm valuation. The results reveal that the security analysts serve the external monitoring function by reducing the agency cost associated with the separation of ownership and control in the Taiwan stock market.
Over the past several years, the Naval Postgraduate School’s Executive Master of Business Administration (EMBA) program has become a popular curriculum for Navy and Department of Defense commands seeking to provide advanced education for mid-management personnel, especially DOD civilians, looking to advance their skills in the unique realm of defense management.
Flury, Reto; Schedler, Kuno
This article explains why it is impossible to use cost and performance accounting in public administration purely as an instrument for internal management. The authors report on a survey in Switzerland which highlighted the different expectations that politicians and managers have for cost and performance accounting. The authors warn that politicians and managers need to be aware of the conflicts arising from their different information needs. New cost and performance accounting systems need ...
From the theoretical point of view, it has been stated that there is a considerable probability that some cultural aspects could affect the economic environment and, consequently, the managerial accounting. While this statement has a certain suppositional degree, we will try to test the importance of culture within the managerial accounting. Several empirical approaches underline the existence of a powerful impact of the national culture on the managerial accounting systems. Moreover, it is c...
Draws on recent comparative case studies of universities in Europe and North America to examine global and local factors in changing university management practices. Discusses effects of economic globalization, internationalization of ideas and educational practices, the ideology of new managerialism, and entrepreneurial fund raising. Criticizes…
Rasdi, Roziah Mohd; Garavan, Thomas N.; Ismail, Maimunah
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate how managerial level moderates the relationships between networking behaviours and career success (objective and subjective) in the context of a public sector organisation in Malaysia. Design/methodology/approach: The study utilised a cross-sectional design and investigated these relationships…
Keith, Nancy K.; Perreault, Heidi R.; Chin, Mary; Keith, Megan
Objective: The study examined male and female business college students' perceptions regarding the need for a match between personal and corporate ethics, whether success in business depends on ethical behavior, and the types of ethical misconduct that warrant the most severe managerial disciplinary actions. Background: The literature contains…
Full Text Available Bien souvent, dans le langage courant comme au sein de nombreux ouvrages scientifiques, on tend à confondre "l'administration du personnel" et "la gestion des ressources humaines". Au regard des politiques de mobilité et d'évaluation des performances au sein de l'administration publique, nous souhaiterions toutefois mettre en lumière une différence essentielle entre un mode de gestion du personnel qui, basé sur un important corpus juridique, répond aux strictes contraintes réglementaires et légales en la matière et une pratique de gestion des ressources humaines caractérisée par la mise en oeuvre de méthodes plus "relationnelles" qui, nécessitant une forte volonté de changement tant de la part du monde politique que des acteurs de terrain, pourrait, lorsque les statuts le permettent, conduire à une meilleure prise en considération des aspirations des fonctionnaires dans une perspective d'amélioration du service public.
de Freitas, Angilberto Sabino; Bandeira-de-Mello, Rodrigo
The existing literature on e-learning implementation is either descriptive or normative and falls short on explaining how managers act in introducing and disseminating e-learning projects in school settings. In this paper, we follow a symbolic approach in order to offer a grounded model for explaining how managerial framing of the introduction of…
Liyanage, Shantha; Poon, Patrick S.
Investigates the epistemological, pedagogical, and organizational factors that have an impact on the design, development, and implementation of technology management learning programs. Argues that effective management learning needs a techno-managerial approach that combines management theories with technology management practice. (Contains 80…
Amlie, Thomas T.
A common problem addressed in Managerial and Cost Accounting classes is that of selecting an optimal production mix given scarce resources. That is, if a firm produces a number of different products, and is faced with scarce resources (e.g., limitations on labor, materials, or machine time), what combination of products yields the greatest profit…
D. Hillier; A. Hodgson; P. Stevenson-Clarke
This study examines the extended stakeholder corporate governance model in credit unions and the extent to which inherent managerial entrenchment impacts upon their operational decisions. Using Australian credit union data and the introduction of Basle-type capital adequacy regulations as a case stu
Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the main studies that have investigated the connections between managerial ownership, board characteristics and firm’s performance. It discusses the methodological approaches used in researching the ownership’s structure – performance relationship, highlighting the main findings and finally proposing directions for furtherresearch.
Altintas, Nergis Nalan; Suer, Ayca Zeynep; Sari, Emre Selcuk; Ulker, Mirac Sema
Poster projects are an alternative method of motivation, learning, and information dissemination in education. The main purpose of this initial study was to determine the effect of poster projects on the motivational and learning process of managerial accounting students. In addition, the authors aimed to compare the opinions of managerial…
Akroyd, Duane [Department of Adult and Community College Education, College of Education, Campus Box 7801, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 (United States)], E-mail: email@example.com; Legg, Jeff [Department of Radiologic Sciences, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284 (United States); Jackowski, Melissa B. [Division of Radiologic Sciences, University of North Carolina School of Medicine 27599 (United States); Adams, Robert D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine 27599 (United States)
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of selected organizational factors and the leadership behavior of supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations. The population for this study consists of all full time clinical radiation therapists registered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) in the United States. A random sample of 800 radiation therapists was obtained from the ARRT for this study. Questionnaires were mailed to all participants and measured organizational variables; managerial leadership variable and three components of organizational commitment (affective, continuance and normative). It was determined that organizational support, and leadership behavior of supervisors each had a significant and positive affect on normative and affective commitment of radiation therapists and each of the models predicted over 40% of the variance in radiation therapists organizational commitment. This study examined radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations and found that affective (emotional attachment to the organization) and normative (feelings of obligation to the organization) commitments were more important than continuance commitment (awareness of the costs of leaving the organization). This study can help radiation oncology administrators and physicians to understand the values their radiation therapy employees hold that are predictive of their commitment to the organization. A crucial result of the study is the importance of the perceived support of the organization and the leadership skills of managers/supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to the organization.
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of selected organizational factors and the leadership behavior of supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations. The population for this study consists of all full time clinical radiation therapists registered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) in the United States. A random sample of 800 radiation therapists was obtained from the ARRT for this study. Questionnaires were mailed to all participants and measured organizational variables; managerial leadership variable and three components of organizational commitment (affective, continuance and normative). It was determined that organizational support, and leadership behavior of supervisors each had a significant and positive affect on normative and affective commitment of radiation therapists and each of the models predicted over 40% of the variance in radiation therapists organizational commitment. This study examined radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations and found that affective (emotional attachment to the organization) and normative (feelings of obligation to the organization) commitments were more important than continuance commitment (awareness of the costs of leaving the organization). This study can help radiation oncology administrators and physicians to understand the values their radiation therapy employees hold that are predictive of their commitment to the organization. A crucial result of the study is the importance of the perceived support of the organization and the leadership skills of managers/supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to the organization.
Boca (Rakos) Ileana – Sorina; Vatasoiu Cristian Ionel
Considering the specialized work in managerial accounting, this paper aims to show which cost calculation principles are actually applied in the coal mining industry today. The methodology used in this scientific approach is of qualitative nature, using the following methods: direct observation and interview.
Lui, Gladie; Shum, Connie
Although Outcome-based Education has not been successful in public education in several countries, it has been successful in the medical fields in higher education in the U.S. The author implemented OBE in her Managerial Accounting course in H.K. Intended learning outcomes were mapped again Bloom's Cognitive Domain. Teaching and learning…
Homburg, Christian; Wieseke, Jan; Lukas, Bryan A.; Mikolon, Sven
This study examines the performance implications that organizations may suffer when their salespeople develop negative stereotypes of their corporate headquarters. How such stereotypes can be remedied through managerial action is also examined. The study draws on matched data from four different sources: sales managers, salespeople, customers, and company reports. Findings indicate that negative headquarters stereotypes among salespeople are associated with poor marketing-related ...
Characteristic for the present state of personnel are a reorientation in personnel monitoring on account of new ordinances, standards and recommendations, and the introduction of solid state dosemeters with automatic evaluation and data processing. A report is given on the development of new dosemeter systems which are used to detect photons, β rays and neutrons within the framework of routine monitoring and long-term measurements in environmental monitoring. It becomes apparent that improvements in personnel monitoring, in particular for the 'high risk' personnel group, can only be achieved by an improved measurement concept, and by an improved interpretation of measurement data on the basis of phantom calibration, automatic evaluation, and data processing. (orig.)
Bachelor thesis discusses the importance of employees and employee care in tourism, particularly in the hotel industry. The aim of this thesis is to analyze the issue of personnel management and attitude to human resources in an organization which is typical for the tourism industry. The theoretical part deals with human resources management and the position of personnel activities in a company, specifies the importance of employees in the service sector and focuses on hotel management and it...
Бала, Володимир Володимирович; Мацак, Анна Григорівна
Despite the large number of research papers and efforts of scientists, problems of personnel motivation for efficient work are still have not solved. Lack of knowledge of the problem of motivation process and its components that enhance the workers' interest in the final results, as well as their theoretical and practical importance have determined the choice of topic and relevance of our work. The paper deals with studying the personnel motivation process. The issues of analyzing the theoret...
Full Text Available Orientation: Self-efficacy beliefs, given their task-specific nature, are likely to influence managers’ perceived decision-making competence depending on fluctuations in their nature and strength as non-ability contributors. Research purpose: The present research describes the conceptualisation, design and measurement of managerial decision-making self-efficacy. Motivation for the study: The absence of a domain-specific measure of the decision-making self-efficacy of managers was the motivation for the development of the Managerial Decisionmaking Self-efficacy Questionnaire (MDMSEQ. Research approach, design and method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a nonprobability convenience sample of managers from various organisations in South Africa. Statistical analysis focused on the construct validity and reliability of items through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis to test the factorial validity of the measure. Main findings: The research offers confirmatory validation of the factorial structure of the MDMSEQ. The results of two studies involving 455 (Study 1, n = 193; Study 2, n = 292 experienced managers evidenced a multidimensional structure and demonstrated respectable subscale internal consistencies. Findings also demonstrated that the MDMSEQ shared little common variance with confidence and problem-solving self-efficacy beliefs. In addition, several model fit indices suggested a reasonable to good model fit for the measurement model. Practical/managerial implications: The findings have implications for practical applications in employment selection and development with regard to managerial decision-making. Absence of the assessment of self-efficacy beliefs may introduce systematic, non-performance related variance into managerial decision-making outcomes in spite of abilities that managers possess. Contribution/value-add: Research on the volition-undermining effect of self-efficacy beliefs has been remarkably prominent
F.A.J. van den Bosch (Frans); R.A.J.L. van Wijk (Raymond)
textabstractThe purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual framework of managerial knowledge integration and to illustrate the framework for three levels of management: front-line, middle, and top management. Based on the framework, propositions will be derived relating managerial knowledge in
This synoptic paper accompanies refereed articles, chapters in books and books published between 1977 and 2001 by the author on the theme of trade union, managerial, and employee perceptions of organisational participation and democracy at work and is submitted for a PhD by Publication. It shows how these eleven publications represent a "substantial, continuous and coherentb ody of work" on the theme and demonstratesh ow they, both individually and collectively, have made an or...
Kroth, Michael; Keeler, Carolyn
The purpose of this article is to broaden the discourse about caring as a managerial strategy by describing caring from three perspectives: nursing, education, and management. The authors suggest that current organizational models inadequately address the caring connection between manager and employee. Definitions of managerial caring and care…
Elif Sisli Ciamarra; Tanseli Savaser
We argue that the relationship between managerial pay-for-performance incentives and risk taking is procyclical. We study the relationship between incentives provided by stock-based compensation and rm risk for U.S. non- nancial corporations over the two business cycles between 1992 and 2009. We show that a given level of pay-for-performance incentives results in signi cantly lower rm risk when the economy is in a downturn. The documented procyclical relationship between incentives and risk t...
Jana Kozáková; Drahoslav Lančarič; Radovan Savov; Marián Tóth
The paper addresses the issue to compare organic and conventional agriculture from two points of view. Firstly the managerial point of view examing number of employees and the personal costs per hectare, secondly the owners' view examing profitability of organic farming. Both views result from the specifics of organic farming. Organic production should generate higher employment, higher personal cost and results in lower yields. We evaluated differences between organic and conventional farms ...
Ph.D Student Bosoteanu Maria Cristina
The request for appropriate financial and accounting information in terms of quality is marked by the agency and governance problems which were delineated and commented while trying to find feasible solutions. The paper analyze not only the convergence phenomenon within the managerial accountability but also the influences of this process over the framework existing in Romania. The studies from the international literature indicate the evolution of a convergence process towards a system of pr...
Chabane, Karim; Larsson, Diana
Introduction (Purpose) - The main purpose for this study is to study internal communication challenges from a managerial and employee perspective in two interrelated IT departments. Furthermore this study aims to give suggestions for how organizations can improve their internal communication within and between departments. Design/methodology/approach - The research setting took place in a Swedish telecom company where data was collected during 10 weeks. An abductive scientific approach was us...
Deep social and economic changes, as well as changes in communication technologies that have taken place over the last decades have resulted into radical alterations in the design of organizational forms. Starting from the assumption that the employee has the duty to fulfil professionally all the responsibilities in the job description; equally appropriate can be to tackle particular aspects of Human Resources managerial practice, such as the fact that positions (and their corresponding job d...
Full Text Available The need for efficiency and quality in the managerial document is more acutely felt at all levels of governance from Romanian administration. In a modern democratic society, as the society we live in claims to be, it is necessary for the administration service to be closer to the citizen-customer requirements. Essential in this regard is that the public administration, in order to be effective, needs to fit a nation as well as to each individual, as the decisions taken at this level make people as much harm as good.
Costea, Bogdan; Crump, Norman; Amiridis, Kostas
This paper examines new managerial discourses and practices in which the dialectic of labour is reconstructed as a series of acts of self-understanding, self-examination and "self-work", and through which the "self qua self" is constituted as the central object of management technologies. We interrogate concepts such as "excellence", "total quality", "performance", "knowledge", "play at work" and "wellness" in order to decipher the ways in which managerialism deploys what we term therapeutic ...
There is a need for an automated system for protecting and monitoring sensitive or classified parts and material. Sandia has developed a real-time personnel and material tracking system (PAMTRAK) that has been installed at selected DOE facilities. It safeguards sensitive parts and material by tracking tags worn by personnel and by monitoring sensors attached to the parts or material. It includes remote control and alarm display capabilities and a complementary program in Keyhole to display measured material attributes remotely. This paper describes the design goals, the system components, current installations, and the benefits a site can expect when using PAMTRAK
Identifies leadership styles of Russian enterprise managers and determines how theses styles are related to employees' subjective evaluation of managerial performance. Highlights include laissez-faire leadership, transactional leadership, and transformational leadership; international leadership research; and implications for Russian leadership…
textabstractInnovation is the engine of sustained organizational performance and is central to organizations’ competitive advantage. This thesis aims to further the understanding of how firms can stimulate two types of innovation outcomes: i) product and service innovation, and ii) management innovation. To this end, this thesis analyzes how managerial and organizational factors and their interrelations inhibit or enable these two types of innovation. Reserach findings indicate that offshorin...
Virginia Băleanu; Sabina Irimie; Andreea Ionică
Achieving and maintaining competitive advantage in an increasingly unpredictable and changeable business climate under the new rules of global competition and sustainable development became the major challenges facing the worldwide companies’ management during the last decades. Our paper aims to reveal the developments of managerial thought and emerging practices that address these challenges, essentially based on the new relational view of business and the supply chain logic. Accordingly, th...
Professional development and the continuous improvement of the public servants and auxiliary personnel competence in public institutions have become one of the main necessities in public institutions all over the area of the well-developed countries. In every country member of the European Union, the tendency of adapting public management to the process of technology implementation into information has determined significant changes in the content of administrative, general institutional and...
Nishimura, Junichi; Tingting Wang; NAGAOKA Sadao
The RIETI inventor survey, which was conducted in 2007, invited inventors to contribute their views and opinions on the constraints on the R&D performance of their organizations, and the policies and managerial agenda for improving it. A total of 1,300 inventors (around one quarter of those who received the survey) contributed their comments. This paper categorizes their responses into the following eight broad classes and evaluates their incidence. In relation to management, respondents' com...
Abe, Naohito; Ichiro IWASAKI
In this paper, we investigate the possible impacts of ownership structure and corporate performance on managerial turnover using a unique dataset of Russian corporations. We argue that Russia is regarded as a country with a highly authoritarian and collectivism-oriented national culture and this peculiarity is the key to disentangling the puzzle of the statistically weaker relationship between firm performance and CEO renewal in Russian firms. Standing on this viewpoint, we deal with not only...
Arinaitwe, Alice; Rogers, Mwesigwa; Asaph, Anyongyeire
This study examined the relationship between managerial competencies, ethical climate and performance of Health projects in Uganda. The study adopts a descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational research design. 35 health projects were considered for this study and data were collected through a questionnaire survey and analyzed using SPSSv16. The questionnaires were rendered anonymous to protect participant confidentiality and reduce response bias. Strong associations were found between manag...
This study proposes a managerial accounting research design that bridges a gap between firm productivity based on frontier techniques and strategic management. In doing so, it operationalizes the theoretical frameworks based on the endogenous components of across-firms heterogeneous resources and routines, which are fundamental for firm performance. The design focuses on industry-level benchmarking to analyze changes in performance and organizational knowledge investments, and proposes some i...
Waring, Justin J.
This thesis explores changes in medical professional work and regulation in the context of emerging 'patient safety' health policies. The study engages with three components of this policy. First, to what extent is the concept of error promoted in theory and policy being taken up within managerial practice and is this coterminous with the medical interpretation and construction of error? Second, how do medical professionals regard the introduction of new reporting systems to collect informati...
Lorber, Mateja; Savič, Brigita Skela
Aim To compare nursing leaders’ and employees’ perception of leaders’ leadership style, personality characteristics, and managerial competencies and to determine the associations between these factors. Methods The study included 4 out of 5 Slovenian major hospitals selected from the hospital list; 1 hospital refused to participate. The employees of these hospitals represent 30% of all employees in nursing in Slovenian hospitals and the 509 employees included in the stud...
Can data collectors be “pushed” into collecting high quality data or would being “pulled” be more effective? This paper finds that managers should be careful of the degree to which “push” factors, such as managerial pressure and technological input control, are relied upon. While they may be helpful for motivating those data collectors who are not intrinsically motivated, they are either not helpful or may discourage those data collectors who are intrinsically motivated. Instead, self-concordance may act as a longer-term, more stable approach to increasing the motivation of data collectors and thus increasing the quality of data that enter reliability systems. This study uses a sequential mixed-method approach involving interviews with 20 data collectors and a quantitative survey of 109 data collectors in a water utility. It examines the interactive effect of managerial pressure, technological input control and self-concordance on data collection performance
The overall aim of this thesis was to explore the relationship between managerial leadership on the one hand and stress, health, and other health related outcomes among employees on the other. This was done in five studies, three using a cross-sectional and two a prospective design. In all studies the employees rated their managers with a self-administered questionnaire. The health outcomes were in four of the studies self-reported, but in the last study register-based diagn...
Cosh, Andy; Fu, Xiaolan; Hughes, Alan
This paper explores the impact of management characteristics and managerial ownership on a firm’s innovation performance in transforming innovation resources into commercially successful outputs. These questions are investigated using a recent firmlevel survey database for 440 innovative British small and medium enterprises (SMEs) over the period 1998-2001. Both Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) are employed to benchmark each firm’s innovati...
Agnieszka Sitko-Lutek; Monika Jakubiak
The present study aims at defining the importance of the managerial competencies, taking particular interest in knowledge, in students' prospective professional career and the level in which these competencies were gained in the course of their studies. The empirical material was collected on the basis of a diagnostic survey carried out from 2009 to 2010 in Lublin, Poland and Huddersfield, Great Britain. The group of respondents consisted of the final year university students of economics and...
The managerial styles of two BBC directors-general, John Birt and Greg Dyke, have often been contrasted but not so far analysed from the perspective of their different views of 'creative management'. This article first addresses the orthodox reading of 'Birtism'; second, it locates Dyke's 'creative' turn in the wider context of fashionable neo-management theory and UK government creative industries policy; third, it details Dyke's drive to change the BBC's culture; and finally, it concludes w...
The purpose of the paper is to explore university strategizing by means of examining academic managers narratives relate to institutional strategy. This main objective is explored in two parts: theoretically it draws on connections of concepts such as managerialism, governance and market orientation with the way institutional strategies are formulated and implemented in higher education institutions. Empirically, the approach taken is narrative and discursive analysis, based on a ...
Tey, (John) Yeong-Sheng
In this consumer driven chain, the changes in meat consumption at consumer level indeed provide implication for upstream production. While econometrics based analysis and forecast are hard to be understood and digested by farmers or investors, a simple forecast from the perspectives of managerial economics as laid down in the objective of this study perhaps provide valuable insights on the future movement of meat consumption and demand. By using simple forecasting technique using mathematical...
Small and medium sized companies can utillise information systems (IS) to overcome restrictions imposed by their often limited resources. This dissertation investigates which factors contribute to an IS’s success in enabling managerial accounting at small and medium sized manufacturing firms in Germany. An adaptation of the IS Success Model is used as the research model for a quantitative empirical survey among 5,831 companies. Structural equation modelling confirms the model and reveals ...
This doctoral dissertation examines managerial myopia and subject positions in companies with different governance structures. The study investigates how the use of time models is potentially related to myopia and how organisational controls are tied to the potential for myopia through time models. The time models, researched in the dissertation, are socially constructed mental models on time; more specifically, models that managers construct and use in order to function simultaneously in thr...
Fanti, Luciano; Gori, Luca
The present study analyses the dynamics of a Cournot duopoly with managerial sales delegation and bounded rational players. We find that when firms’ owners hire a manager and delegate the output decisions to him, the unique Cournot-Nash equilibrium is more likely to be destabilised (through a flip bifurcation) than when firms maximise profits. Moreover, highly periodicity and deterministic chaos can also occur as the managers’ bonus increases.
... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What personnel and resources must I have? 212.10 Section 212.10 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... a sufficient number of personnel with the necessary education, background, training, and...
Hillier, D.; Hodgson, A; Stevenson-Clarke, P.
This study examines the extended stakeholder corporate governance model in credit unions and the extent to which inherent managerial entrenchment impacts upon their operational decisions. Using Australian credit union data and the introduction of Basle-type capital adequacy regulations as a case study, we demonstrate that credit union management will opt to manage capital adequacy ratios through the application of accounting manipulations instead of applying policies that increase operating m...
James P. Gander
In this paper, a simple dynamic model of efficient firm-level managerial resource allocation to two uses, one involving productivity activities and another one involving corruption activities to “get things done” was developed. The model follows the optimal control theory process. Two operational equations are derived representing firm growth and shadow-price behavior. Firm-level interview data on surrogates for the firm’s inputs was used for domestically owned firms in developing economies c...
This study reports the results of the empirical study which designed to assess the relationship of budget participation and job-relevant information to managerial performance among subordinates in 150 firms. To test the proposed relationship, the survey was applied on accounting and finance managers of 150 businesses, which were among the top 500 businesses in Turkey in 2006. The results of the study consistent with the proposition that subordinates with high performance tend to use budget pa...
Hisham bin Mohammad; Mohd Sobri bin Minai; Esuh Ossai-Igwe Lucky
The warm venture cooperation built between venture capitalists and entrepreneurs may still be interrupted by the management's conflicts occurred due to various managerial factors. As a result, this study investigates the management conflict in venture capital investments. A cross-sectional study of questionnaire survey research design was conducted in this respect. Questionnaire data was generated from 35 Malaysian venture capital companies located in Kuala Lumpur and Selangor. The questionna...
JUAN CARLOS PASTOR; MARGARITA MAYO
Transformational leadership predicts followerÂ´s satisfaction and performance beyond traditional forms of leadership. However, little is known about the beliefs system associated with transformational leaders. Taking a cognitive perspective, we examined how the managerial beliefs that executives hold about their followers relate to their perceived leadership style among a sample of 76 Presidents and CEOÂ´s of Spain largest firms.
Ulrike Malmendier; Geoffrey Tate; Jonathan Yan
We show that measurable managerial characteristics have significant explanatory power for corporate financing decisions beyond traditional capital-structure determinants. First, managers who believe that their firm is undervalued view external financing as overpriced, especially equity. Such overconfident managers use less external finance and, conditional on accessing risky capital, issue less equity than their peers. Second, CEOs with Depression experience are averse to debt and lean excess...
Plachta, Leonard E.
This self-instructional study guide is part of the materials for a college-level programmed course in managerial accounting. The study guide is intended for use by students in conjuction with a separate textbook, Horngren's "Accounting for Management Control: An Introduction," and a workbook, Curry's "Student Guide to Accounting for Management…
The Guidebook will prove especially useful for, and is addressed primarily to: nuclear power operating organizations establishing or upgrading their NPP personnel training systems; regulatory personnel responsible for setting requirements and/or evaluating NPP personnel training; and organizations (within or outside the operating organization) responsible for the development, implementation and evaluation of training programmes for NPP personnel. Figs, tabs
Ankers, Paul; Brennan, R.
The creation of new knowledge is the primary goal of the academic research community, including researchers into interaction and networks in business markets. There are other stakeholders besides marketing practitioners who have a legitimate interest in the efforts of business academics. Nevertheless, many business-to-business researchers feel an affinity for the managerial community, within which many of them have either worked, or plied their trade as consultants, or both. Accordingly, they...
Ethics is a primary necessity for long term success in everything we try to achieve, being generally accepted that "good ethics is good business." Given this, managers must clearly adopt the idea of morality and act accordingly. Unfortunately, at the national level, managerial ethics is by far not considered a priority of Romanian managers. Moreover, many of them view the compliance with the code of ethics as a hindrance in the realization of profitable business. This is, however, far from th...
Pannick, Samuel; Sevdalis, Nick; Athanasiou, Thanos
Despite taking advantage of established learning from other industries, quality improvement initiatives in healthcare may struggle to outperform secular trends. The reasons for this are rarely explored in detail, and are often attributed merely to difficulties in engaging clinicians in quality improvement work. In a narrative review of the literature, we argue that this focus on clinicians, at the relative expense of managerial staff, has proven counterproductive. Clinical engagement is not a...
Entering new product markets on the basis of an existing technological competence is an important possible source of growth for technology intensive companies. The resource-based view explains resource-based growth in general. Diversification research has studied patterns of technology-based new product market entries. More research is, however, needed on managerial and decision-making process factors impacting the success of technology-based product market entries. The findings of this d...
ciumag, marin; ciumag, anca
Starting from the premises that the informational system is a part of the management system of any company, it is always stated, completely rightly that the effectiveness of an company strictly related to the way in which this knows how to manage the information. One of the problems the economic agents encounter nowadays is the lack of some coherent and well structured information that should assist the managerial decision at a superior level, as well as at inferior echelons. Once with the st...
The aim of the paper is to comment continuing works on the project whose purpose is to state generally accepted requirements for professional competence of managerial accountants and controllers. In this regard, Draft for a common Statement which defines conceptual outcomes of the project is the subject of comments. Paper concludes that – despite the fact that Draft is the first step only – it brings substantial contributions: it has been leading to better understanding of differences which a...
Full Text Available In parallel with the consolidation of the view that there is a real need to train and improve enterprises’ managerial staff – also in parallel with the increase of expenses incurred by enterprises in this direction, in the past decades this investment in managerial training is rather preparatory for the subsequent professional evolution of the people appointed in management positions of said enterprises – direct beneficiaries of these training or improvement programs. Thus, there appears a gap between what enterprises wish to obtain, by implementing such training and development programs, and what they are actually obtaining: in fact, the investment ‘leaks’ from the virtuous circle1 of acquisition of higher managerial competences and of their application in said enterprises (to obtain better economic performances, in activities that are more and more competitive, into the vicious circle of non-using this investment in management training, for many various reasons that we could identify using the results of empirical research.
Pannick, Samuel; Sevdalis, Nick; Athanasiou, Thanos
Despite taking advantage of established learning from other industries, quality improvement initiatives in healthcare may struggle to outperform secular trends. The reasons for this are rarely explored in detail, and are often attributed merely to difficulties in engaging clinicians in quality improvement work. In a narrative review of the literature, we argue that this focus on clinicians, at the relative expense of managerial staff, has proven counterproductive. Clinical engagement is not a universal challenge; moreover, there is evidence that managers-particularly middle managers-also have a role to play in quality improvement. Yet managerial participation in quality improvement interventions is often assumed, rather than proven. We identify specific factors that influence the coordination of front-line staff and managers in quality improvement, and integrate these factors into a novel model: the model of alignment. We use this model to explore the implementation of an interdisciplinary intervention in a recent trial, describing different participation incentives and barriers for different staff groups. The extent to which clinical and managerial interests align may be an important determinant of the ultimate success of quality improvement interventions. PMID:26647411
Practitioner Committees to Family Health Service Authorities. The rationale for this shift is the move from an administrative to a managerial body, acting as the agent of central government in enforcing the contract and imposing financial norms. GPs are thus to be made managerially accountable. The paper analyses the place of general practitioners in central government's approach to health strategy and examines the tensions generated by the combination of conferring new powers on GPs and increasing controls over them. These tensions are related to current disputes over out-of-hours working and attempts by GPs to redefine a "core of service" approach to their job. The ambiguities of reliance on professionals combined with the desire to exert greater controls is traced in the recent policy statement by the Secretary of State, Primary Care: The Future (1996). The paper thus aims to contribute to the critical discussion of the impact of central government managerialist initiative on key professional groups in the welfare state. PMID:10351259
The purpose was to provide applied and research dosimetrists with sufficient information to evaluate the status and direction of their programs relative to the latest guidelines and techniques. A technical program was presented concerning experience, requirements, and advances in gamma, beta, and neutron personnel dosimetry
Chen, I. J.
In this study, the relationship among analyst following, managerial ownership and firm valuation is investigated from the perspective of agency theory by using a nonlinear simultaneous equation model. The data from the Taiwan stock market verify the proposed hypotheses with a nonlinear three-stage least-square procedure. The empirical results show that managerial ownership (serving an internal monitoring function) and number of analysts following (serving an external monitoring function) are ...
Bilger, Phyllis; And Others
These learning modules are designed to provide health care workers involved with medications with basic information about the nature and administration of medications. The 30 modules are organized into six units. An overview of preparation and administration of medicines, principles of medication therapy, and medication fundamentals are presented…
Full Text Available Any service organization operating under turbulent market conditions must have a successful marketing strategy. A successful marketing strategy implies proper management of all elements within a marketing mix: service package, price, distribution channels, promotion, service process, service ambience and people. People, i.e. primarily the employed within an organization are one of the elements that must be appropriately considered when drawing up and implementing a marketing strategy. Proper personnel management must nowadays include good management of managerial stress. Adequate managerial stress management is preconditioned by successful identification of sources of managerial stress. The aim of this paper is to present the importance of proper and timely identification of sources of managerial stress. The paper demonstrates the carried out scientific research based on a method that is universal for all types of organizations, regardless of their type and activity, in order to precisely identify the sources of managerial stress and define its proper management, as an asset in people management, which is an element of marketing strategy. The research was conducted using a survey, sampling 100 employees in 13 organizations throughout Serbia. Survey results indicated that the most important sources of managerial stress are: participation in decision-making, selection process, earnings, and time and deadlines pressure. Therefore, recommendations are provided for directing identified sources of managerial stress towards successful management of people as an element of marketing strategy.
Bonner Laura M
Full Text Available Abstract Background The Veterans Health Administration (VA has invested significant resources in designing and implementing a comprehensive electronic health record (EHR that supports clinical priorities. EHRs in general have been difficult to implement, with unclear cost-effectiveness. We describe VA clinical personnel interactions with and evaluations of the EHR. Methods As part of an evaluation of a quality improvement initiative, we interviewed 72 VA clinicians and managers using a semi-structured interview format. We conducted a qualitative analysis of interview transcripts, examining themes relating to participants' interactions with and evaluations of the VA EHR. Results Participants described their perceptions of the positive and negative effects of the EHR on their clinical workflow. Although they appreciated the speed and ease of documentation that the EHR afforded, they were concerned about the time cost of using the technology and the technology's potential for detracting from interpersonal interactions. Conclusions VA personnel value EHRs' contributions to supporting communication, education, and documentation. However, participants are concerned about EHRs' potential interference with other important aspects of healthcare, such as time for clinical care and interpersonal communication with patients and colleagues. We propose that initial implementation of an EHR is one step in an iterative process of ongoing quality improvement.
... managerial level for an agency mail manager? 102-192.125 Section 102-192.125 Public Contracts and Property... ADMINISTRATIVE PROGRAMS 192-MAIL MANAGEMENT Agency Mail Manager Requirements § 102-192.125 What is the appropriate managerial level for an agency mail manager? The agency mail manager should be at a...
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to understans how the quality of the court is bound to the role of the court presidents in Romania, who, for the proper administration of the departments and the divisions of the court, must assume a leadership role. Efficiency depends on how they use their knowledge, their behavior and attitudes as personal example to create an environment in which subordinates, judges and court personnel, are fully involved in achieving the objectives of the institution.
National Association of College and University Business Officers (NJ3), 2004
Developed and edited by the National Association of College and University Business Officers' (NACUBO's) Accounting Principles Council, this guidebook, written by highly experienced, seasoned college and university leaders, is designed to help readers make sense of today's world and provide the right tools to make the right decisions. The book,…
Nicu-Damian BARBU; Paul PETCU
For a long time, European companies have found that civil servants are bound by the state and can not be compared to private sector employees. This group of public employees was seen as a professional group for maintaining the rule of law and government policy implementation. Therefore, civil servants were required to have high standards and integrity to be entrusted with a single mission: work for the common interest. In this conception, where the state was separated from society and citizen...
Faems, Dries; Janssens, Maddy; Neyens, Inge
Whereas existing alliance portfolio studies mainly focus on the structure or management of alliance portfolios, we conceptually explore the connections between them. In particular, we formulate propositions, arguing that the formalization, centralization, and customization of alliance portfolio management moderate the relationship between the structural characteristics of alliance portfolios (i.e., alliance portfolio size and alliance portfolio heterogeneity) and innovation performance. Based...
Full Text Available From the theoretical point of view, it has been stated that there is a considerable probability that some cultural aspects could affect the economic environment and, consequently, the managerial accounting. While this statement has a certain suppositional degree, we will try to test the importance of culture within the managerial accounting. Several empirical approaches underline the existence of a powerful impact of the national culture on the managerial accounting systems. Moreover, it is clear for everybody that the companies’ strategic objectives are often expressed in numerical terms, but they are chosen according to the culture.
This conceptual article argues that the well-established sociological concept of cosmopolitanism has been inadequately applied to organised labour, and specifically to international activities of trade unions. Taking a Marxian perspective, it sets these subjects side-by-side, considering firstly what the experience of international trade unionism can reveal about cosmopolitanism, and secondly theorising the forms cosmopolitanism may take in international trade union activity. In answer to the...
Barriers to administrative advancement for women in academe are discussed. A study of perceived managerial style and leadership skill of women two-year college presidents was designed to fill a gap in research during an era of significant advancement opportunities for women. Leadership in higher education in the United States is gradually…
Lakhwinder Singh Kang; Surinder Sharma
The present study is an attempt to assess the perceptions of the hiring managers about the managerial skills and attitude of the MBA employees in comparison to the non-MBA employees. A sample of 100 hiring managers, who have been involved in the placement of MBAs, was taken for the purpose of the study. The hiring managers have been found agreeing that employees with MBA degree are better in â€˜communication skillsâ€™, â€˜decision makingâ€™, â€˜leadership qualitiesâ€™, â€˜handle job related t...
Stoker, Janka I; Van der Velde, Mandy; Lammers, Joris
PURPOSE: Several studies have shown that the traditional stereotype of a "good" manager being masculine and male still exists. The recent changes in the proportion of women and female managers in organizations could affect these two managerial stereotypes, leading to a stronger preference for feminine characteristics and female leaders. This study examines if the gender of an employee, the gender of the manager, and the management gender ratio in an organization are related to employees' managerial stereotypes. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: 3229 respondents working in various organizations completed an electronic questionnaire. FINDINGS: The results confirm our hypotheses that, although the general stereotype of a manager is masculine and although most prefer a man as a manager, female employees, employees with a female manager, and employees working in an organization with a high percentage of female managers, have a stronger preference for feminine characteristics of managers and for female managers. Moreover, we find that proximal variables are much stronger predictors of these preferences than more distal variables. IMPLICATIONS: Our study suggests that managerial stereotypes could change as a result of personal experiences and changes in the organizational context. The results imply that increasing the proportion of female managers is an effective way to overcome managerial stereotyping. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This study examines the influence on managerial stereotypes of various proximal and distal factors derived from theory among a large group of employees (in contrast to students). PMID:22363099
This annex B presents a chronological approach on the set of laws related to the ionizing radiation personnel. This paper aims to discuss and clarify the main concepts that constitute the current legislation, pointing the scope of each, as well as its ambiguities or inaccuracies. The consequences of those issues discussed are easily noticeable related to difficulties in legal, administrative and human resource management, when seeking their efficient application. We also discuss issues associated with the extent and frequency of the gradient of risk in 5, 10 and 20%, models for assessing potential exposure in a risk area, dose calculation and criteria for defining benefits and framework for irradiation, bonus for activity, special retirement and period of vacations for personnel occupationally exposed within Unified Legal System (Regime Juridico Unico) and the Consolidation of Labor Laws (CLT)
Establishment of nondestructive testing qualification and certification of personnel system is very important for level up of this skill and result. The result of this efficiency is depend on a person's capability who has a sense of responsibility of this part. Now Korea Standards Committee is preparing for this system. But, that is not a detailed practice level. So in this report, We introduce ISO/DIS 9712 international standard to members and, translate it for collect the opinions of hereafter's plan.
Procedure for education and training of all the personnel employed at Bohunice Nuclear power plant is presented in detail describing the training system structure, kinds of training, staff members qualification development, short term and long term tasks needed to assure attaining the training objectives. The proposed Staff Members Lifetime education implementation project contains basic starting points, measures to be implemented by 1998. It was prepared on the basis of a primary analysis which confirmed the existing need for implementing the lifetime education system
This thesis contains three separate papers that deal with various aspects of organization theory and personnel economics. In the first paper, co-written with Frank Rosar, we consider situations where a principal and an agent favor different projects, whose success depends on both parties' efforts. While their conflict of interest is known, it is unclear to what extent they are willing to compromise on the project choice. We investigate the optimal allocation of two kinds of authority: the aut...
Full Text Available Today, the proper playing of managerial roles is of special importance in effective and successful management of sports clubs. The present paper aimed to study the managerial roles of sports clubs CEOs in Isfahan Province in the current and desirable conditions. Statistical population included all managers and directors of Sepahan, Zobahan, Foolad Mahan, and Gitipasand sports clubs (N=83, which was considered as the sample as well. An author-made questionnaire with 31 items on a Likert’s 5-point scale was used for data collection. Validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by 15 experts and professors and its reliability was obtained α=0.94 by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. 84 questionnaires were handed out among all managers and directors of the studied sports clubs, 76 of which (91.5% was returned. The results showed that priority of CEOs roles, respectively, include decisional role (4.16±0.61, informational role (4.09±0.56, and interpersonal role (4.03±0.67. The results of factor analysis also indicated that the roles of entrepreneurship, data collection, spokesman, and allocation of resources, respectively, are the most important roles of CEOs and negotiation, figurehead, and leadership roles are the least important ones in the desirable conditions. A significant difference was observed between the roles of managers in the current and desirable conditions (Sig.=0.001. The results suggested that the respondents’ expectations of sports clubs CEOs’ roles in desirable conditions is beyond their perceptions in the current situation. It can be generally concluded that sports clubs CEOs need to better perform all managerial roles, especially decisional role.
Full Text Available The paper addresses the issue to compare organic and conventional agriculture from two points of view. Firstly the managerial point of view examing number of employees and the personal costs per hectare, secondly the owners' view examing profitability of organic farming. Both views result from the specifics of organic farming. Organic production should generate higher employment, higher personal cost and results in lower yields. We evaluated differences between organic and conventional farms in Slovakia over period of years 2009-2012 on a sample of more than 1050 farms in each year. The share of organic farms was 15%. Using t-test as evaluation method we found no significant differences from the managerial point of view (measured by employees per hectare and personal costs per hectare. From the owner' s point of view (measured by return on costs, return on equity and total assets per hectare we conclude that the subsidies successfully compensate the lower revenues of organic farms (there was no significant difference in ROE and ROC. Our results are based on the sample of organic farms with Average utilised area of 850 hectares and reflect the farm structure in Slovakia. We can conclude that large organic farms do not support employment in rural areas and generate comparable profit when compared to conventional farming.
The technological and organizational changes that have occurred in recent years, led to the apparition and then to continuous changes in managerial accounting, requiring the reconsideration of the existing informational system, so that it will contain all the information that managers need in order to make economic decisions. This paper aims to present the most important events that have marked the evolution of managerial accounting from its occurrence until today, and some courses of action ...
Ramón Faulí-Oller; Massimo Motta
The paper studies managerial incentives in a model where managers choose product market strategies and make takeover decisions. The equilibrium contract includes an incentive to increase the firm's sales, under either quantity or price competition. This result contrasts with previous findings in the literature, and hinges on the fact that when managers are more aggressive, rival firms earn lower profits and thus are willing to seU out at a lower price. However, as a side-effect of such a cont...
Faul??, Ramon; MOTTA, Massimo
We study managerial incentives in a model where managers take not only product market but also takeover decisions. We show that the optimal contract includes an incentive to increase the firm's sales, under both quantity and price competition. This result is in contrast to the previous literature and hinges on the fact that with a more aggressive manager rival firms earn lower profits and are willing to sell out at a lower price. \\\\ However, as a side--effect of such a contr...
Improvement and diversification of costing methods should consider, in addition to efficiency, foresight and responsibility, and reduce the workload necessary to obtain information on costs of production and costs, and possible recovery of the information obtained. This process requires the adoption of systems, methods and techniques of budgeting, tracking and costing, to provide efficiency, simplicity, economy and provision.
This work deals with the managerial style a leader applies by managing. The aim of this thesis is to determine the managerial style asserted by leading managers of an engineering oraganization, assessment of satisfaction of their subordinates with this style of management, compared with other managers surveyed and drafting of measures to increase employee satisfaction with the manager and the company itself. Theoretical section summarizes the basic knowledge of the issue, practical part analy...
Victoria L. Mitchell; Barrie R. Nault
We examine whether cooperative planning and uncertainty affect the magnitude of rework in concurrent engineering projects with upstream and downstream operations, and explore the impact of such rework on project delays. Using survey data from a sample of 120 business process (BP) redesign and related information technology (IT) development projects in healthcare and telecommunications, our results indicate that upstream (BP) rework and downstream (IT) rework is mediated and mitigated by coope...
Full Text Available This article brings managerial guidelines for new markets expansion and current market penetration on an example of a Czech medical devices manufacturer. We describe the strategy in evaluation of the opportunities in the territories, of setting up the benchmarks, the steps how to deal with the partners in current territories and how to approach the acquisition of new territories. We show how significant is the sales growth for financials, we mention the limit defined in the Theory of Sustainable Growth. We show how important the level is, how the products are advanced and how important is to have unique products.
Monika Walicka; Joanna Prystrom
In many countries tax incentives are a popular means of realizing political, economic and social objectives. The main motive of their application is often to achieve and accelerate the selected activities in the public interest and also stimulate development of industry, and induce growth in research and investment. The key element that helps a company achieve a competitive advantage is innovation. Global competition forces the production of unique products and services. Tax incentives in sci...
The complex and networked economy arises a series of challenges for business competitiveness in order to develop or redefine business models and theories. This paper tries to capture a relevant part of our previous studies by emphasizing the challenges that business competitiveness has to cope and integrate, such as: behavioral model of management, firm competitiveness (leveraging tangible and intangible assets), new models of business (Panarchy Corporation and ambidexterity) and management f...
J.M. van Oostrum (Jeroen); E. Bredenhoff (Eelco); E.W. Hans (Erwin)
textabstractAbstract: Operating room (OR) planning and scheduling is a popular and challenging subject within the operational research applied to health services research (ORAHS). However, the impact in practice is very limited. The organization and culture of a hospital and the inherent characteris
Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…
Sarantuya, B.; Enkhtuya, B.
Since 1990 in countries and regions favorable circumstances have emerged on globalization of accounting thus its data templates have become identical. In the framework of the globalization process and its history, many countries started to pay significant attention to structural reform of economy, management renovation data and information perfect network, quality of products and services including cost efficiency. One big example of these has been Southeast Asia and China’s economy has grown...
Silvio M. Brondoni
Corporate governance communication has steadily become more important as markets have globalised. On open markets, the specific report on economic-financial disclosures supplements the communication system of companies, whose policies are founded strongly on integration, in order to tackle an economic context that is characterised by strong competitive dynamics and growing managerial complexity. Globalisation tends to underline the importance of corporate governance communication designed to ...
Gianino, M M; Siliquini, R; Russo, R; Renga, G
The process of passage to be e-profit and loss organization following the reform of the Italian health system, especially in a context of fiscal federalism and administered competition among the public and private producers, causes implications on the competences of whom develops his/her own professional activity. The aim of the paper is to give some inputs for discussion about the training of manager: starting from the meaning of the word 'management' and using the model elaborated by Mintzberg and Simon with the purpose to identify who is involved in such training, trying to make explicit that the analysis of the organizational positions and the profile of the resource that will go to occupy it is a forced passage for building the training package and to make clear characteristics and contents of the training offer. PMID:17066907
Sharon L. Green; Lopus, Jane S.
The topic of ethics has increased in importance in the business school curriculum in recent years. Highly publicised ethical scandals at corporations such as Enron, Arthur Anderson, and Tyco International, along with public alarm in response to accounts of environmental degradation, child labour abuses, and financial inequities, have heightened awareness of ethics and corporate social responsibility (CSR) in all business contexts. Although many colleges and universities have stand-alone gradu...
Bradley J. Sleeper; Walter, Robert J.; Robert J. Calhoun
Companies regularly need to communicate information about their employeesÕ performance to a variety of people who need to know; internally to co-workers involved in audits or evaluations, and externally to customers and clients, the media, and prospective employers seeking references. Where the information is negative, companies fear the backlash of defamation lawsuits from employees. If the employees are themselves managers or professionals, the quantity and quality of information, the need ...
Adriano A. Rampini; Andrea L. Eisfeldt
This paper studies the provision of incentives to reallocate capital when managers are reluctant to relinquish control and have private information about the productivity of assets under their control. We show that when managers get private benefits from running projects substantial bonuses are required to induce managers to declare that capital under their control is less productive and should be reallocated. When aggregate productivity and hence the number of projects is low and fewer manag...
M. Glaser; F. Lopez-de-Silanes; Z. Sautner
We analyze the internal capital markets of a multinational conglomerate, using a unique panel data set of planned and actual allocations to business units and a survey of unit CEOs. Following cash windfalls, more powerful managers obtain larger allocations and increase investment substantially more
The report presents the experience in a steel company to improve the management of issues relating to health and safety of workers. The first part of the work focuses on the description of the interventions made by the company in recent years, which can be divided into technical interventions on production facilities, training and information, organizational activities and specific projects in collaboration with the health service. The second part presents the certification project according to OHSAS 18001, with particular focus on the efforts for a lean management of the documentation required by the management systems and for the automation of internal processes. The last part finally describes in detail the manner in which it was decided to address some issues that significantly affect the factory doctor: the recording and analysis of accidents and medications, management of hazardous substances and personal protective equipment. PMID:23405577
Woods, Phillip; Gapp, Rod; King, Michelle A
In successful community pharmacy business enterprises suitably responsive actions to meet ever-increasing change require capable pharmacy managers who readily learn and adapt. Capability as a concept is generally understood to be the ability of a manager to identify and act to solve unfamiliar problems in unfamiliar situations. Capability is characterized by adaptability and flexibility. However, different understandings of the concept 'capability' and what it means to be 'capable' are indirect and incomplete. This paper aims to clarify current theories regarding the concept of 'capability' at the level of the individual, and through this to make more explicit what is known about the phenomenon, but more particularly, how we know what we know. The analysis includes the concept of 'competence' because explanations of capability include competence, and the two concepts are not clearly separated in the literature. By probing the epistemological origins of current theory concerning both concepts, the limiting taken for granted assumptions are revealed. Assumptions about context and time, and the psychological theory through which individuals are assumed to perceive, know and learn, are illuminated. The analysis, in connection with the literature, shows how the interpretive philosophic research approach may reveal a different and useful theoretical perspective for explaining capability as a dynamic performance. It is suggested that such a perspective may narrow the gap between the theory of capability and its practice. The interpretive perspective holds potential to reveal how capability, as performed by successful community pharmacy managers, might be further researched and strengthened. This paper supports the challenging suggestion that pharmacy social research needs to rebalance the dominance of purely empirical research by exploring interpretive methodologies to better understand human actions and relations in the context of pharmacy. PMID:25169620
RAMONA TODERICIU; Alexandra STÃNIÞ
The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the importance of communication management by presenting the theoretical concepts on the field, to substantiate the basic concepts and their application in the study of communication management and the study of different forms and types of communication within an organization. The central idea of the paper is to demonstrate the importance of communication as a vital factor in organizational performance. By the literature study we want to demonstrate t...
Romanski-Livingston, Linda G.
Workforce parity among cultural groups in America has been an unobtainable goal for years. The present diversity in our society dictates a new mandate for majority managers in their approach toward working beside and supervising these cultural groups. In order to achieve full inclusion and reach their fullest potential many employees, minorities and women, in these cultural groups, along with managers, are attending or participating in diversity training classes. Although diversity has sev...
Hsiang-Tsai Chiang; Mei-Chih Lin
This paper investigated the relationship among board leadership structure, shareholder rights, the divergence of responsibilities, and firm performance under a variety of conglomerate-controlling behaviors. Results revealed a negative correlation among chief executive officer (CEO) duality and deviations from stock-control rights, earnings-distribution rights, seat-control rights, and stock-control rights on a single family-controlled company¡¯s performance. The ratio of shares held by direct...
Barthel, Joëlle; Baeyens, Jean-Pierre
Since its beginnings, the marketing discipline has been evolving through different stages and is further developing given the industry challenges such as globalization and technological impacts of the 21st century. Analyzing the attached evolution of consumer behavior and consumption patterns, this paper aims to define how the upcoming years will shape the marketing discipline. After a review of literature, a trend pyramid is established in order to define the most relevant changes from macro...
Arthur E. Wilmarth
Citigroup has served as the poster child for the elusive promises and manifold pitfalls of universal banking. When Citicorp merged with Travelers to form Citigroup in 1998, Citigroup’s leaders and supporters asserted that the new financial conglomerate would offer unparalleled convenience to its customers through ‘one-stop shopping’ for banking, securities and insurance services. They also claimed that Citigroup would have a superior ability to withstand financial shocks due to its broadly di...
A survey is given about those essential aspects of qualification and organization of personnel in nuclear power plants, that are already regulated in laws or guidelines. The considerations of the BMI concerning further developments of these requirements are outlined. (orig.)
Fredman, Nick; Doughney, James
This paper examines perceptions by academics of their work in the Australian state of Victoria, and places such perceptions within the context of international and Australian debates on the academic profession. A 2010 survey conducted by the National Tertiary Education Union in Victoria was analysed in light of the literature on academic work…
Chin, WY; Lam, CLK; Lo, SV
Objectives To review the literature regarding quality of care of nurse-led and allied health personnel-led primary care clinics with specific attention to the quality indicators for fall prevention, continence care, pulmonary rehabilitation, mental health, pharmaceutical care, and wound care services. Data sources Literature search from 1990 to 2010 including Ovid Medline, Cochrane Database, RAND (Research and Development) Corporation Health Database, the ACOVE (Assessing the Care of Vulnerab...
Lambrecht, Bart M.; Myers, Stewart C.
We develop a dynamic agency model in which payout, investment, and financing decisions are made by managers who attempt to maximize the rents they take from the firm, subject to a capital market constraint. Managers smooth payout to smooth their flow of rents. Total payout (dividends plus net repurchases) follows Lintner’s (1956) target adjustment model. Payout smooths out transitory shocks to current income and adjusts gradually to changes in permanent income. Smoothing is accomplished by bo...
Barros, Carlos Pestana; Botti, Laurent; Peypoch, Nicolas; Solonandrasana, Bernardin
Abstract In this paper, the innovative two-stage procedure of Simar and Wilson (2007) is used to estimate the efficiency determinants of Portuguese hotel groups from 1998 to 2005. In the first stage, the hotels' technical efficiency is estimated with DEA in order to establish which hotels have the most efficient performance. These could serve as peers to help improve performance of the least efficient hotels. In the second stage, the Simar and Wilson model is used to bootstrap the ...
Considering the pace of business changes and significant amounts of information available to businesses using modern technology, one prime challenge has become to filter out the valuable information and present it in a manner that makes it useful for managers to take on business decisions. These changed requirements have led management accounting to adapt alongside. This Master’s Thesis is a case study of Tecnotree Group, a global provider of telecom IT solutions, the purpose of which was to ...
Jakovlev, Zlatko; Serafimova, Mimoza; Koteski, Cane
This book is organized in four parts. In the first part theoretical aspects of animation in tourism and principles of animation in tourism are explained. In the second part emphasis has been given to animation as an integral part of tourist offer. Here natural and anthropocentric values are explained.In the third part main feature is entrepreneurship of animation in tourism. In the last four part conclusions had been drawn.
Riddalls, C.E.; Bennett, S.
The concept of bounded rationality in decision making and research on its relegation to aggregate system dynamics is examined. By recasting one such example of a dynamic system, the Beer Game, as a Smith predictor control system is derived. A stability analysis is then employed to support the and qualify the assertion that the level of bounded rationality can adversely affect the aggregate dynamic behaviour of such supply chains. The analytical basis of these calculations enables the qualific...
Al-Najjar, Nabil; Baliga, Sandeep; Besanko, David
This paper provides an explanation for why the sunk cost bias persists among firms in a competitive environment in which rich learning possibilities are allowed. We envision firms that experiment with cost methodologies that are consistent with real-world accounting practices, including ones that confuse the relevance of variable, fixed, and sunk costs to pricing decisions. Firms follow 'naive' adaptive learning to adjust prices and reinforcement learning to modify their costing methodologies...
Busch, Anne; Holst, Elke
Although there are a variety of studies on the gender pay gap, only a few relate to managerial positions. The present study attempts to fill this gap. Managers in private companies in Germany are a highly selective group of women and men, who differ only marginally in their human capital endowments. The Oaxaca/Blinder decomposition shows that the gender pay gap in the gross monthly salary can hardly be explained using the human capital approach. Adding variables on gender-specific labor marke...
Reyes Rodríguez, Juan Felipe; Ulhøi, John Parm; Madsen, Henning
performed regularly since 1999. The purpose has been to track and analyse the development of the strategic responses of SMEs in Denmark. Furthermore, identification of potential shifts in the influence of motivators and the impact on competitive advantage has also been focused. In so doing, evidence will be......To stay at the competitive forefront successful firms have for quite a while addressed environmental issues as part of their strategy. The competitive 'imperative' is however not restricted to large enterprises entirely. This paper reports empirical findings from a series of identical surveys...
Ross, Mitchell; Heaney, Joo-Gim; Cooper, Maxine
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate international student recruitment from an institutional perspective and to consider institutional factors that may affect recruitment. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative study is undertaken in which education marketing practitioners are interviewed regarding aspects of international…
Del Brio, Esther B.; Maia-Ramires, Elida
[EN]Previous studies have cast doubts on the effectiveness of the application of corporate governance codes in Continental-European countries, due to their Anglo-Saxon orientation. For this reason, we chose a Continental-European country with an Anglo-Saxon orientated code, such as Spain, and analyse which of the recommendations proposed in the Spanish Olivencia Code have positive effects on the value of the firm. We furthermore use panel data estimation to analyse this relationship as well a...
Almazan, Andres; Suarez, Javier
This Paper considers why a manager would choose to submit himself to the discipline of bank monitoring. This issue is analysed within the context of a model where the manager enjoys private benefits, which can be restricted by the monitor, and is optimally compensated by shareholders. Within this setting, we find that managers will submit to monitoring when they receive favourable private information. This result is consistent with event study evidence that suggests that the market has a favo...
Mbuvi, D.; Tarsim, A.
This paper assesses the impact of the early 1980s neoliberalistic reform strategies in urban water distribution in developing countries. It examines in particular, the technical efficiency of two heterogeneous urban water utility-groups in Uganda. Performance is considered in light of the key urban water sector objectives that are to universally increase qualitative water coverage and enhance utility revenue. Using a two-staged bias-corrected metafrontier based on the data envelopment analysi...
AVRAM MARIOARA; DRĂGUŞIN CRISTINA-PETRINA
Although pan-European universities became autonomous institutions, their governance structure is still organized under the laws of each state, which expressly states the functions and management structures together with their attributions. For the past two years, the Romanian academic environment experienced a consistent reform. The old ground of the educative system was reinforced by the new Law of National Education which represented, for our country, the starting of the mod...
Giovanni Fraquelli; Fabrizio Erbetta
The gas distribution in Italy is nowadays subjected to a deep process of deregulation, aimed to strengthen the competitive rules. In the same time, this industry is undergoing intensive regulation constraints, particularly in the definition of service prices. The mentioned deregulation process is considered to impact positively both on profitability and productivity growth. The present study is aimed to verify how cost saving can be regarded as one of the most important competitive advantage....
Alexandre di Miceli da Silveira
Full Text Available This research examines the determinants of the capital structure of firms introducing a behavioral perspective that has received little attention in corporate finance literature. The following central hypothesis emerges from a set of recently developed theories: firms managed by optimistic and/or overconfident people will choose more levered financing structures than others, ceteris paribus. We propose different proxies for optimism/overconfidence, based on the manager’s status as an entrepreneur or non-entrepreneur, an idea that is supported by theories and solid empirical evidence, as well as on the pattern of ownership of the firm’s shares by its manager. The study also includes potential determinants of capital structure used in earlier research. We use a sample of Brazilian firms listed in the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange (Bovespa in the years 1998 to 2003. The empirical analysis suggests that the proxies for the referred cognitive biases are important determinants of capital structure. We also found as relevant explanatory variables: profitability, size, dividend payment and tangibility, as well as some indicators that capture the firms’ corporate governance standards. These results suggest that behavioral approaches based on human psychology research can offer relevant contributions to the understanding of corporate decision making.
Madsen, Henning; Ulhøi, John Parm
impact was available in Denmark. Consequently, a longitudinal research project was initiated to enlighten the situation. This study investigates environmentally related initiatives taken in response to the perception of stakeholder pressures and the perceived corporate environmental impact. The empirical......Environmental sustainability has become an issue of uttermost importance for business organisations. Therefore, the implementation of corporate environmental initiatives has been vigorously embraced by industry. Two decades ago, no clear picture of industry initiatives to reduce their environmental...... popularity of self-regulation, voluntary initiatives do not tend to be widely adopted by SMEs, stressing a need for a continuing regulation of industry’s behaviour in relation to environmental issues....
... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Health and hygiene of personnel. 590.560 Section 590.560 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF..., Processing, and Facility Requirements § 590.560 Health and hygiene of personnel. (a) Personnel...
... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative claim; evidence and information to be submitted. 177.105 Section 177.105 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT..., documentary evidence showing the amount of earnings actually lost. (6) Any other evidence or information...
Løken, Sonja Y.; Wang, Nina J.; Wigen, Tove I
Background Collaboration between primary care personnel and dental personnel to prevent early childhood caries has been established in several countries. The purpose of this study was, firstly, to describe health nurses’ experiences and attitudes regarding collaboration with dental personnel, and secondly, to identify characteristic of health nurses and health centres associated with the collaboration. Methods ...
Analysis of New England information science personnel needs focuses on job vacancies by specialization (1980-1983); priority personnel needs; overall personnel priorities; average of advertised salaries and job by type of employer; and demand for information, processing, and youth service workers. A substantial need for children's and school…
Norton, M. Scott
This article emphasizes the paramount importance of the human resources function in the school system--specifically, in the implementation of an effective school public relations program and in the quality of leadership given by the administrators and the professional and classified staffs. The article submits that school administrators at every…
Martin, Graeme; Butler, Mark
Discusses experts' views on changes in managerial careers and management development; evidence of organizational changes that support the rhetoric about changes; and implications for management education. Concludes that rhetoric outstrips reality; however, there is evidence of changes in organizational forms and career resilience and boundaryless…
Full Text Available Multimedia University, (MMU is the oldest and largest private university in Malaysia (a multiracial country. Its main campus in Cyberjaya, Selangor has four Faculties: Creative Multimedia (FCM, Information Technology (FIT, Engineering (FOE and Management (FOM. English is the language of instruction. A questionnaire based on Basse (1982 was used and 931 usable responses obtained (about a quarter of the population. The independent variables were age, race (Malay, Chinese, Indian,’Others’, year of study and the Faculty. The dependent variables were the five managerial styles (Factual, Intuitive, Analytical, Normative and European as measured by the questionnaire (Cronbach’s alpha >0.9. Using One-way ANOVA etc. It was found that there were significant differences (at p<0.05 in managerial styles between races and academic years. FCM students were unique in that they preferred the Factual style, those from other Faculties preferred the Analytical style. Malay and Chinese students preferred the Analytical style, Indian students preferred the Factual style. Undergraduate courses at MMU are designed, inter alia, to produce managers for the students’ chosen profession. The implication of this and the results obtained are discussed in terms of national and individual needs and the possible desirable changes in the courses at MMU and other institutions of higher learning.
Denis, Jean L; Lamothe, Lise; Langley, Ann; Stéphane, Guérard
The article examines various healthcare systems reform projects in Canada and some Canadian provinces and reveals some tendencies in governance renewal. The analisis is based on the hypothesis that reform is an exercise aiming at the renewal of governance conception and practices. In renewing governance, reform leaders hope to use adequate and effective levers to attain announced reform objectives. The article shows that the conceptions and operational modalities of governance have changed over time and that they reveal tensions inherent to the transformation and legitimation process of public healthcare systems. The first section discusses the relationships between reform and change. The second section defines the conception of gouvernance used for the analisis. Based on a content analisis of the various reform reports, the third section reveals the evolution of the conception of governance in healthcare systems in Canada. In order to expose the new tendencies, ideologies and operational principles at the heart of the reform projects are analysed. Five ideologies are identified: the democratic ideology, the "population health" ideology, the business ideology, the managerial ideology and the ideology of equity and humanism. This leads to a discussion on the dominant influence of the managerial ideology in the current reform projects. PMID:20963305
... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Personnel hoists and elevators. 77.1400 Section... MINES Personnel Hoisting § 77.1400 Personnel hoists and elevators. Except as provided in § 77.1430, the sections in this Subpart O apply only to hoists and elevators, together with their appurtenances, that...
MINER, JOHN B.
TO DETERMINE MAJOR FACTORS AFFECTING SELECTION AND PERFORMANCE OF SUPERVISORS IN SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONS, DATA WERE ANALYZED FROM A SCHOOL ADMINISTRATOR EVALUATION FORM FOR 219 ADMINISTRATIVE PERSONNEL (79.3 PERCENT OF 276 TOTAL), REPRESENTING LARGE CITY, MEDIUM CITY, SMALL CITY, AND CONSOLIDATED SCHOOL DISTRICTS IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. APPLYING…
Full Text Available This paper explores the impact of technology, job complexity and religious orientation on the performance of managers in the financial services industries. Data were collected from bank managers representing Islamic and conventional banks in Bangladesh. Path models were used to analyse the data. The results provide supportfor the hypothesis that a management accounting systems (MAS adequacy gap exists in the financial sector in a developing country such as Bangladesh. These Islamic and conventional banks also experienced varied outcomes regarding the impact of the MAS adequacy gap on managerial effectiveness. Significant results emerged concerning the direct influence of technology and job complexity on managerial effectiveness, although these findings again differed across religious and conventional banks. Significant intervening effects of both MAS adequacy gap and job complexity on the relationships between contingency factors and managers' effectiveness were also found. Overall the findings showed that the type of religious orientation in Islamic banks wielded an important influence on the sensitivity of the MAS adequacy gap. Religious orientation served as a control device for the relationships between job-related contingency factors andmanagerial effectiveness.
The safe operation of a research reactor requires that reactor personnel be fully trained and certified by the relevant authorities. Reactor operators at PUSPATI TRIGA Reactor underwent extensive training and are certified, ever since the reactor first started its operation in 1982. With the emphasis on enhancing reactor safety in recent years, reactor operator training and certification have also evolved. This paper discusses the changes that have to be implemented and the challenges encountered in developing a new training programme to be in line with the national standards. (author)
Alexandra Ileana Mutiu
As many Managerial Accounting syllabi for live classes are built, the students‘ finalgrade is based on the following components: class participation, attendance, homework, mid-termexams and the final exam. We conducted a research in this Spring term for the ManagerialAccounting course with two classes of 30 students each at the College of Business Administration,Plymouth State University, New Hampshire, USA. Our research results indicate that (1) classparticipation, attendance, and homework s...
Mohamed N. Al-Arifi
In Saudi Arabia community pharmacies by law, be owned and managed by pharmacists. Although these two functions seemed to be the same but in reality, they are not. Some studies showed that in community pharmacy managerial functions account for more than 50% of total routine and critical activity for all managerial position surveyed while other study showed that only 13.6% of the pharmacist’s time spent in administrative activities. This article addressed the role of the pharmacist as manager a...
Activities of IAEA concerning training and qualification of NPP personnel consider the availability of sufficient number of competent personnel which is one of the most critical requirements for safe and reliable NPP operation and maintenance. Competence of personnel is essential for reducing the frequency of events connected to human errors and equipment failures. The IAEA Guidebook on Nuclear Power Plant Personnel Training and its Evaluation incorporates the experience gained worldwide and provides recommendations on the use of SAT being the best practice for attaining and maintaining the qualification and competence of NPP personnel and for quality assurance of training
Cristina Raluca Popescu
Full Text Available The paper “The Impact of the Electronic Payment System on the Development of Nowadays Society: an Economic and a Managerial Perspective” presents the aspects concerning the impact of the electronic payment system on the development of nowadays society as an economic and a managerial perspective. Our research focuses on issues related to the payments sector, the Smartcard, the Electronic Banking,payment systems based on bank cards, the Cyber cash, and the electronic payment systems (1 Net Cash and (2 E-Cash, Micro-payment systems with (1 Millicent and (2 Cyber Coin, as well as the electronic check payments.
....C. 3717 and 4 CFR part 101.1 et seq. Penalties and administrative costs will be assessed on all... costs. 179.214 Section 179.214 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE... in part 103 of 4 CFR, chapter II, relating to the compromise of claims (without regard to the...
ICRP Recommendations-1990, Notice 60 was used as a basis for new NRBU-97 norms in Ukraine and also for Russian NRB-96 and reviewed NRB-99. These recommendations caused negative treatment among rather authoritative organizations and individual scientists of France, USA, Russia and other countries. Till 1988, norms NRB-76/87 were operated in Ukraine. ICRP Recommendations-1976, Notice 26 was used under their development, and dosage limits included into them surely provided radiation protection for Nuclear Power Units personnel and population during long-term period. But some leaders being affected by Chernobyl syndrome and radio phobia put strong pressure upon ICRP that resulted in Notice 60 appearance where dosage limits for personnel and population were sufficiently understated without any scientific ground. According to literary sources survey, it is shown that usage of dose-effect non threshold linear dependence concept essentially exaggerates the real danger. According to the concept, principles of regulation the exposure standards are suggested, which considered to be actual as large-scale works on dismantling the reactors and ChNPP Units equipment are expected soon on the phase of their decommissioning and also the conducting of works on Unit 'Shelter' transformation into ecologically safe system
This paper describes a unique integrative business case appropriate for use in a managerial accounting course or other business courses related to economics or marketing. The case describes a scenario in which a managerial accountant is assisting in business decisions relating to factors influencing the profitability of a small manufacturing…
Full Text Available The paper aims to analyze the importance and impact of the management of internal control/ managerial in Romanian public institutions, as well as the consequences arising as a result of not implementing it. It also analyzed the legal framework governing the internal control/managerial and the main conclusions issued by the Romanian Court of Accounts on the status of its implementation in Romanian public institutions. At the same time, it is stressed the role of management carried out by heads of public institutions in terms of combating the negative effects that have a direct impact on their activity.
McMakin, Douglas L.; Sheen, David M.; Griffin, Jeffery W.; Valentine, Nancy B.; Lechelt, Wayne M.
The detection and interdiction of biological and chemical warfare agents at point-of-entry military, government, and civilian facilities remains a high priority for security personnel. Commercial personnel and mail screening technologies for these harmful agents are still being developed and improved upon to meet all security client requirements. Millimeter-wave holographic imaging technology developed at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is an ideal sensor to interrogate objects concealed behind low dielectric barriers such as paper, cardboard, and clothing. It uses harmless millimeter waves to illuminate the object or person under surveillance. The waves penetrate through the low dielectric barrier and either reflects off or pass through the hidden object, depending on its material dielectric properties. The reflected signals are digitized and sent to high-speed computers to form high-resolution, three-dimensional (3-D) images. Feasibility imaging studies have been conducted to determine whether simulated biological or chemical agents concealed in mail packages or under clothing could be detected using holographic radar imaging techniques. The results of this study will be presented in this paper.
The diploma thesis on Personnel Marketing deals with personnel marketing in the company Československá obchodní banka, a. s. (hereinafter ČSOB). The thesis is divided into two main parts theoretical and practical. The theoretical part of this thesis deals with characteristics of concepts especially from the field of human resources management, which are clearly divided according to personnel marketing point of view to external personnel marketing and internal personnel marketing. The pract...
Managerial functions are an inseparable part of management in any company. Good management and good use of managerial functions are vital for success. The thesis named "The application of managerial functions in business" is divided in two parts. The first part, literary research, describes management, the three meanings and levels of management. It defines the personality of a manager, his skills, competencies and management styles. The largest part of literary research is the description of...
Staw, Barry M.; Barsade, Sigal G.
Provides a comparative test of two psychological theories concerning the relationship between affect and performance. Used managerial simulations to test whether people with positive dispositions perform better or worse on both decisional and interpersonal tasks. Results support the happier-and-smarter, as opposed to the sadder-but-wiser,…
Examining work and community relations in one Texas school district, this study explores intensifying managerialism under performance accountability (PA) pressures. Reports, press releases, and media accounts are combined with ethnographic study from one elementary school to explore the enactment of school district reforms. Locating PA within a…
Stoker, Janka I.; Van der Velde, Mandy; Lammers, Joris
Several studies have shown that the traditional stereotype of a "good" manager being masculine and male still exists. The recent changes in the proportion of women and female managers in organizations could affect these two managerial stereotypes, leading to a stronger preference for feminine charac
Collet-Sabé, Jordi; Tort, Antoni
Based on a qualitative study involving 124 professional and managerial class families in Catalonia (Spain), this paper describes the aims and objectives these families have for the education of their children. During the fieldwork, when asked what they were aiming for in the education of their children, almost all of the parents replied "for…
Due to recent technological advances, substantial improvements have been made in personnel contamination monitoring. In all likelihood, these advances will close out the days of manually frisking personnel for radioactive contamination. Unfortunately, as microprocessor-based monitors become more widely used, not only at commercial power reactors but also at government facilities, questions concerning their trustworthiness arise. Algorithms make decisions that were previously made by technicians. Trust is placed not in technicians but in machines. In doing this it is assumed that the machine never misses. Inevitably, this trust drops, due largely to ''false alarms''. This is especially true when monitoring for alpha contamination. What is a ''false alarm''? Do these machines and their algorithms that we put our trust in make mistakes? An analysis was performed on half-body and hand-and-foot monitors at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in order to justify the suggested confidence level used for alarm point determination. Sources used in this analysis had activities approximating ORNL's contamination limits
Due to recent technological advances, substantial improvements have been made in personnel contamination monitoring. In all likelihood, these advances will close out the days of manually frisking personnel for radioactive contamination. Unfortunately, as microprocessor-based monitors become more widely used, not only at commercial power reactors but also at government facilities, questions concerning their trustworthiness arise. Algorithms make decisions that were previously made by technicians. Trust is placed not in technicians but in machines. In doing this it is assumed that the machine never misses. Inevitably, this trust drops, due largely to ''false alarms''. This is especially true when monitoring for alpha contamination. What is a ''false alarm''? Do these machines and their algorithms that they put their trust in make mistakes? An analysis was performed on half-body and hand-and-foot monitors at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in order to justify the suggested confidence level used for alarm point determination. Sources used in this analysis had activities approximating ORNL's contamination limits
Methods applied in the choice of personnel include: the assessment of personnel files, references, interviews, examinations, long-term observation of the respective person. Investment intents go hand in hand with the concept of labour demands. The planned employment of personnel takes place from the very beginning of the construction of the power plant. At the Bohunice V-1 nuclear power plant 23 university graduates, 29 secondary school graduates and 64 graduates of vocational schools were employed every year. Social measures and complex care are being implemented. Personnel is being selected also on the basis of an assessment of their psychic qualities which are very important in view of the high personal and social responsibility of nuclear power plant personnel. The high technical standard of the equipment places high demands on the education level of all personnel, high demands on training, high remuneration and high level of allround care of personnel. (M.D.)
In 1999 the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) focused on the overall training system and on developing programmes for individual categories for NPP V-1 Bohunice, NPP V-2 Bohunice, NPP Mochovce and SE-VYZ. The fundamental theoretical and periodical training for both Bohunice and Mochovce NPPs personnel, simulator training for NPP Bohunice, and periodical simulator training for Bohunice personnel is carried out by the VUJE Training center in Trnava, whereas the simulator training and periodical training for NPP Mochovce is carried at Mochovce plant. Based on a successful passing of examination before the examining committee, UJD issues, a certificate on special professional skills of selected staff of nuclear installations for specific activity for the given type of nuclear installation and for the following positions: (a)Shift manager for scientific start up with the right of manipulation; (b) Shift supervisor; (c) Unit supervisor; (d) Primary circuit operator; (e) Secondary circuit operator; (f) Reactor physicist; (g) Shift manager for scientific start up without the right of manipulation. Examination of selected personnel is described. Last year the examining committee held twelve session for oral theoretical examination. The number of licenses issued in 1999 and the total number of valid licenses is given.Conclusions from inspections carried out by UJD and inspections and tests carried out by the NPP operators in 1999, as well as results from operation and start up of nuclear units confirm that the standard of professional skills of the staff at nuclear installations a high standard of operational safety is being achieved on a permanent basis. Increasing the qualification of UJD staff was done in a form of training and courses scheduled in the plan of training for the staff for 1999. These training, composed of specialized qualification study, functional study, as well as study aimed at maintaining qualification. Training courses organized
Arts, Jos A. R.; Gijselaers, Wim H.; Boshuizen, Henny P. A.
The present study explores stages in managerial problem-solving skills of participants beginning with formal education, and continuing through the professional workplace setting. We studied nine different levels of expertise: from novice student groups, to graduates and expert groups. Participants were asked to diagnose and solve business cases.…
Modern personnel training and retraining system is a guarantee of NPPs safe reliable operation. Since the time when independence of Ukraine was proclaimed personnel training system was created directly at NPPs. This system is based on the latest legislation framework, developed subject to IAEA recommendations, gained international experience in the field of personnel training in view of increased demands to personnel qualification. Training Centers, formed at each plant, form one of the main components of NPP personnel training. Personnel training at Training Centers is performed in accordance with standard programmes. Simulator training base was created by joint efforts of specialists from the USA, Russia and Ukraine. Establishing manager training system and replacement reserves for National Nuclear Energy Generating Company 'ENERGOATOM' (NNEGC 'ENERGOATOM') managerial personnel, including training programme and training materials development, teacher selection and training, is under way. (author)
McClure, Kevin R.
Although researchers have explored dimensions of academic capitalism among students and faculty members, knowledge of the roles of administrators at all levels is underdeveloped in the literature. This institutional case study of a public research-extensive university examines the roles of executive and managerial administrators in bringing a…
Teelken, Christine; Deem, Rosemary
The main purpose of this paper is to investigate what impact new regimes of management and governance, including new managerialism, have had on perceptions of gender equality at universities in three Western European countries. While in accordance with national laws and EU directives, contemporary current management approaches in universities…
Hui, Loi Teck; Fatt, Quek Kia
Developing high-quality human capital and advancing existing knowledge stocks are crucial for the competitive advantage of a nation. The authors argue that offering postgraduate programmes that give great emphasis to academic rigour, managerial relevance and the triangulation of research methods is vital if these ends are to be achieved. They…
Cuadrado, Isabel; Morales, J Francisco; Recio, Patricia
This study attempts to test one of the explanations of the scarce representation of women in managerial positions, specifically the one advanced by "role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders" (Eagly & Karau, 2002), which appeals to the fact that women get unfavorable evaluations if they adopt male-stereotypical leadership styles. One-hundred and thirty-six undergraduate students participated in an experiment with a 2 (Male-stereotypical vs. Female-stereotypical leadership style) x 2 (Male vs. Female leader) design. Dependent variables were leader's competence, efficacy, and evaluation in a series of traits. It was found that, regardless of sex, the leaders were considered more competent and efficient, and were evaluated more favorably, when they adopted stereotypically feminine leadership styles. Implications of these findings for women's underrepresentation as leaders in management top positions worldwide are discussed. PMID:18630648
Full Text Available Managerial Issues in Open and Distance Education Organizations in Transition: A Need for Systematic Approach Cemil ULUKAN, PhDAnadolu University Open Education Faculty Eskisehir-TURKEY ABSTRACT Among the most common issues addressed in the educational literature of recent years have been change and transformation . In the literature on open and distance education (ODE, there has been a marked tendency to address change related issues separately. However, ODE leaders should consider all of the relevant organizational aspects during the change process in order to achieve successful transition. This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of what issues should be addressed during the transition process in order to realize a more effective and more competitive ODE organization. It attempts to ensure that all of the major aspects of organizational domains are taken into consideration more systematically in a system-wide transition process.
... Governmentwide leadership and direction in the strategic management of the Federal workforce. (b) To execute this... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Office of Personnel Management responsibilities. 250.202 Section 250.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL...
... of Personnel Administration (5 CFR part 900) which prescribe intergovernmental personnel standards on... Administration 5 CFR part 900, which incorporate the Intergovernmental Personnel Act Merit Principles (Pub. L. 91... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Merit personnel systems....
... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority and administration. 551.102... ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT General Provisions § 551.102 Authority and administration... the following United States Government entities: (1) The Library of Congress; (2) The United...
Nazarov Nikita K.; Zhang Haoyu
The purpose of the research is theoretical justification and definition of major threats to financial and economic security, analyzing the condition of personnel security at the enterprise and determination of personnel loyalty at industrial enterprises. To improve the system of personnel security at industrial enterprises the impact of macro- and microenvironment factors on economic activity of the industrial enterprise has been objectively assessed, elements for forming a ...
The overall training system and the development of projects for training of all categories of NPP V-1, NPP V-2 Bohunice, SE-VYZ and NPP Mochovce staff were the subject of Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) attention. During 2000, the following inspections were carried out on nuclear personnel training: (a) NPP Bohunice: an inspection focused on compliance with requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of Bohunice plant staff ; (b) NPP Mochovce: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of NPP Mochovce staff; an inspection focused on verifying the simulator aided training; an inspection focused on checking the preparedness of NPP Mochovce operation and technical personnel for NPP Mochovce Unit 2 operation; (c) Technology for treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste Bohunice (BSC): an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of SE-VYZ staff; VUJE Trnava: verification of technical equipment and professional skills of VUJE Trnava staff and tasks arising out of the 'Authorisation on nuclear installation staff training'. Examinations of selected personnel were scheduled according to the plan of examining committee meetings. For each examined person written tests are generated by the computer from the database of test questions at the Training Centre of VUJE Trnava for individual positions - categories of selected staff of NPP V-1 and NPP V-2 Bohunice and NPP Mochovce so that the examination questions both in written and oral part equally cover individual facilities and regimes of operation of NPP. The database is continuously updated, thereby containing new questions resulting from the recent changes carried out at NPPs. A part of the examination in case of promotion to a higher position is the practical part, which is conducted under
Blumberga, Solveiga; Safonova, Aleksandra
The top priority of medical institutions is to provide quality patient care services. Considering that healthcare personnel are to work with colleagues from various cultures, important are medical personnel training, in-service training, improvement of professional knowledge and skills, ability to adapt to working in a diverse team. The planning of employee training and in-service training is based on the strategic targets and personnel training needs of each institution. Qualification suppor...
Marko D. Andrejić; Vladan R. Radosavljević; Slaviša N. Arsić
The significance of education in logistics and education and training of cadets who belong to non-logistic services (non-logistic personnel) will be presented. The logistical aspects of education of non-logistic personnel are elaborated as well as the knowledge in the area of logistics which is necessary to be transferred through the educational process to non-logistic personnel for the successful accomplishment of their functional duties. A general approach and the methods of logistics educa...
An operative system for the measurement and on-line processing of personnel dosimetry data is described. The aim is to organize and rationalize the work involved in a personnel dosimetry service. The method considers the application to other areas of radiation protection, as well as the connection and exchange of files among the different personnel monitoring groups. The system can be interfaced with different computers (M.E.L.)
Lexa, Frank James; Mehta, Tushar; Seidmann, Abraham
We review the core issues in managerial accounting for radiologists. We introduce the topic and then explore its application to diagnostic imaging. We define key terms such as fixed cost, variable cost, marginal cost, and marginal revenue and discuss their role in understanding the operational and financial implications for a radiology facility by using a cost-volume-profit model. Our work places particular emphasis on the role of managerial accounting in understanding service costs, as well as how it assists executive decision making. PMID:17411809
Butcher, Jennifer; Kritsonis, William Allan
Human Resource Management is a branch of an organization which recruits and develops personnel to promote the organization's objectives. Human Resource Management involves interviewing applicants, training staff, and employee retention. Compensation, benefits, employee/labor relations, health, safety, and security issues are a few of the aspects…
Rapp, Marc Steffen
While some of the modern performance measures used in managerial accounting rely on cash flow based figures others try to take advantage of the information content of accounting figures. However, whether the additional information content in the accrual components of earnings improves the internal performance measurement is an open empirical question. To shed light on this question, I examine the correlation between operating cash flows and earnings with firm's total shareholder returns. Usin...
Purpose: This study seeks to examine the managerial behavior of Chinese managers, as observed by their superiors, subordinates, and peers in a state-owned enterprise in China. Specifically, this study aims to explore two questions. First, what managerial behaviors are perceived as being effective in the Chinese state-owned enterprise? Second, what…
Nezih Metin Ozmutaf
The main aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between corporate / institution philosophy and managerial characteristics (interaction, integration, development and respect – cooperation) in volunteer teams of the non-governmental organizations in terms of the perceptions managers and members. The survey form prepared on this subject has been applied over 324 individuals (111 managers and 213 members / volunteers) in 104 NGOs between October 2009 - August 2010 in Izmir. The results...
Janka I. Stoker; van der Velde, Mandy; Lammers, Joris
Purpose Several studies have shown that the traditional stereotype of a “good” manager being masculine and male still exists. The recent changes in the proportion of women and female managers in organizations could affect these two managerial stereotypes, leading to a stronger preference for feminine characteristics and female leaders. This study examines if the gender of an employee, the gender of the manager, and the management gender ratio in an organization are related to employees’ manag...
Glaze, S; LeBlanc, A D; Bushong, S C; Griffith, D P
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) has provided a nonsurgical approach to treatment of renal stones. The Dornier lithotripter uses dual image intensified x-ray systems to center the stone before treatment. Three imaging modes are offered: a fluoroscopic mode and two video spot filming modes. The average entrance exposure to the stone side of the typical patient at our facility is 2.6 X 10(-3) C kg-1 (10 R) [range: 0.5-7.7 X 10(-3) C kg-1 (2-30 R)] which is comparable and often much less than that reported for percutaneous lithotripsy. Recommendations are made for minimizing patient exposure. Scattered radiation levels in the lithotripter room are presented. We have determined that Pb protective apparel is not required during this procedure provided x-ray operation is temporarily halted should personnel be required to lean directly over the tub to attend to the patient. If the walls of the ESWL room are greater than 1.83 m (6 feet) from the tub, shielding in addition to conventional construction is not required. PMID:3679826
In this paper the relation between managerial ownership and conservatism is examined. Managerial ownership decreases agency problems caused by the separation of ownership and control. Managerial ownership increases the time horizon of managers and decreases expropriating behaviour. Conservatism is hypothesized to have the same effect on managers due to the asymmetric timeliness of earnings. This suggest that in firms with lower managerial ownership a demand for conservatism arises to substitu...
Král, Bohumil; Šoljaková, Libuše
The article describes the outcomes of the project whose purpose is – on the base of “Draft for a common statement” – to state generally accepted requirements for professional competence of managerial accountants and controllers. The important part of the project is empirical research focused on changing requirements on managers and controllers and mapping actual situation in the Czech Republic in this area. The research compares opinions of two groups of respondents – experts who are responsi...
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the perceptions of the employees in five-star hotels their regarding managerial ethics and professional burnout levels and also to present the relationship between managerial ethics and professional burnout level. Survey method was used as data collection instrument. A total of 385 questionnaires were implemented on employees working in five-star hotels operating in Istanbul, Turkey and Palermo, Italy. Independent Samples t Test was used for the comparison of data obtained from each country. Furthermore, the relationship between managerial ethics and professional burnout was described through correlation and regression analyses, as a result meaningful correlations between the variables (managerial ethics and professional burnout are found.
KUTVAN, Ali Bülent
Recent advances in information technologies have allowed easier and faster access not only to technical information and production, but also social, cultural and ethical information, viewpoints and assessments by the public at large –without the scrutiny of a centralized administration. This ongoing process has paved the way for a new people-oriented ethics to emerge, while, underlining the importance of such concepts as human rights, equality and freedom. Managerial ethics’ sphere of influen...
Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Hashemi
Full Text Available Innovative organizational behaviors and empowering organizational environments can function reciprocally toward ensuring organizational performance and sustainability in long term. This study aimed at analyzing the relationships between Psychological Empowerment (PE, Perceived Organizational Support (POS, and Creative Performance (CP. Through a literature review, we examined causal relationships among these variables. The subjects of the study were agricultural personnel (n = 80 of Karaj city, Iran. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, confirmatory factor analysis, and the structural equation modeling. Results of this study, showed that agricultural personnel had moderate level of Creative Performance (CP (Mean = 3.35. Moreover, results of correlation analysis and structural equation modeling procedure showed that Psychological Empowerment (PE significantly affected Creative Performance (CP more than that of Perceived Organizational Support (POS (β = 0.29, p<0.01. Overall, the present study recommended that the agricultural organization environment should promote agricultural personnel’s creative behaviors through improving their perceptions of psychological empowerment. Finally, the research provided managerial implications.
King, Gail Hoover; McConnell, Cheryl
Teaching introductory accounting courses can be both challenging and rewarding. In introductory financial and managerial accounting, students struggle with the unfamiliar terminology and concepts. However, managerial accounting offers distinct challenges in that managerial accounting reports used for decision-making are not publically available,…
The overall training system and the development projects of training the staff of all categories from NPP V-1, NPP V-2 Bohunice, SE-VYZ and NPP Mochovce were the subject of UJD's attention. During 2001 following inspections were carried out on nuclear personnel training: - PP's Bohunice: an inspection focused on compliance with requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of Bohunice plant staff; - Mochovce NPP: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of NPP Mochovce staff; - SE-VYZ: an inspection focused on compliance with the requirements for staff qualifications and compliance with the prescribed training of SE-VYZ staff. Training the staff of the NPP's Bohunice: - The fundamental and periodical theoretical training as sure as the fundamental and periodical simulator training is carried out by the VUJE Training centre in Trnava. - The fundamental practical training in the workplace and training for the change work- rank is carried at Bohunice plant. Training of the staff of the NPP Mochovce: - The fundamental and periodical theoretical training is carried out by the VUJE Training centre in Trnava. The fundamental practical training in the workplace and training for the change work- rank as well as the fundamental and periodical simulator training is carried at Mochovce plant. Based on a successful passing of examination before the examining committee, UJD issues a certificate on special professional skills of selected staff members of nuclear installations for specific activity for the given type of nuclear installation and for the following positions: 1. Scientific shift manager for start up with the right of manipulation; 2. Shift supervisor; 3. Unit supervisor; 4. Primary circuit operator; 5. Secondary circuit operator; 6. Reactor physicist; 7. Scientific shift manager for start up without the right of manipulation. Examinations of
Full Text Available Abstract Background The regulations of the Quality Management System (QMS implementation in health care organizations were approved by the Lithuanian Ministry of Health in 1998. Following the above regulations, general managers of health care organizations had to initiate the QMS implementation in hospitals. As no research on the QMS implementation has been carried out in Lithuanian support treatment and nursing hospitals since, the objective of this study is to assess its current stage from a managerial perspective. Methods A questionnaire survey of general managers of Lithuanian support treatment and nursing hospitals was carried out in the period of January through March 2005. Majority of the items included in the questionnaire were measured on a seven-point Likert scale. During the survey, a total of 72 questionnaires was distributed, out of which 58 filled-in ones were returned (response rate 80.6 per cent; standard sampling error 0.029 at 95 per cent level of confidence. Results Quality Management Systems were found operating in 39.7 per cent of support treatment and nursing hospitals and currently under implementation in 46.6 per cent of hospitals (13.7% still do not have it. The mean of the respondents' perceived QMS significance is 5.8 (on a seven-point scale. The most critical issues related to the QMS implementation include procedure development (5.5, lack of financial resources (5.4 and information (5.1, and development of work guidelines (4.6, while improved responsibility and power sharing (5.2, better service quality (5.1 and higher patient satisfaction (5.1 were perceived by the respondents as the key QMS benefits. The level of satisfaction with the QMS among the management of the surveyed hospitals is mediocre (3.6. However it was found to be higher among respondents who were more competent in quality management, were familiar with ISO 9000 standards, and had higher numbers of employees trained in quality management. Conclusion
Paragraph 50.34(b)(6)(i) of 10 CFR Part 50, Licensing of Production and Utilization Facilities, requires that applications for a license to operate a nuclear power plant include information concerning organizational structure, personnel qualifications, and related matters. This regulatory guide describes a method acceptable to the NRC staff of implementing this portion of the Commission's regulations with regard to personnel qualifications
... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Health and hygiene of personnel. 56.77 Section 56.77 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Facility Requirements § 56.77 Health and hygiene of personnel. (a) No...
Glasgow, Keith Brenton
The purpose of the study was to examine the managerial and instructional leadership practices of secondary school principals in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in response to the challenges posed by the introduction of the policy of Universal Secondary Education (USE). Implemented in 2005 with minimal input from school principals, no research was carried out to determine the impact of USE introduction on principals’ instructional leadership and managerial practices. This study therefore rep...
Liedong, Tahiru Azaaviele
This thesis integrates social capital and institutional theories with corporate governance insights to explore the impact of managerial political ties on access to finance, cost of debt and institutional risk exposure. Drawing on an extensive and rigorous assessment of the literature, using a unique set of survey data from 179 firms operating in Ghana, and employing robust analytical techniques, this thesis comprises three interrelated empirical studies which make significant contributions to...
Social Security Administration — SSA provides the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) with tax returns, Social Security benefits, and military retirement information for the purpose of correctly...
Mashinji, Vincent Biyegela
Title: Managerial Judgment: When Good Managers Make Bad Decisions Author: Vincent B. Mashinji Supervisor: Anders Hiderstierna Department: School of Management, Blekinge Institute of Technology Course: Master Thesis in the Business Administration, 15 credit (ECTS) Background and Problem Discussion: “To err is human” once we realize that imperfect understanding is the human condition, there is no shame in being wrong, only in failing to correct our mistakes. Involving employees in organizationa...
VandenBos, Gary R.; Batchelor, Walter F.
In this discussion, the director of the Bureau of Health Professions in the Health Resoruces and Services Administration describes the current organization of his agency, programs it has undertaken related to psychology and mental health, and health personnel utilization studies it has initiated. (GC)
Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to analyze the elements of cultural specificity of the OglinziTârguNeamţ sports camp, with a focus on the following aspects: the activity of the manager and of the managerial team, employees’ attitude, the behaviour of clients (children, students, young people, teenagers, athletes, the mental, behavioural, and attitudinal conditions in the context of globalization. Usually considered by children and teenagers the most exciting and attractive space, the camp attracts people every year, thus “producing” the most beautiful and intense memories. The camp is the place where the clients look for sports activity, relaxation, entertainment, and rest. At the same time, it becomes, for a shorter or longer period, a special institution, a community. For any client, the camp means emotion, surprise, knowledge, meeting expectations. The client also has the possibility of developing practical (sports and communicational skills, of getting used to the spirit of teamwork, of expressing and developing new creative skills, of getting in contact with the customs, traditions, and culture of the area.
Berrio Rueda, Diana; Echeverria Monsalve, Angelica; Hoyos Jaramillo, Andres
Background Several researchers have studied atmospheric factors like crowding, col-ours, music and olfactory cues and tested their effect on shopping behav-iour. In the particular case of the influence of music in consumers‟ be-haviour, several notable observations have been made. Yet, the majority of the studies have focused on the phenomena of the music and the influences of its different factors towards consumers‟ be-haviour but little research has focused on managerial awareness of such e...
Gabriela Lidia Tanase; Aurelia Stefanescu
In a turbulent economic environment, characterized by a downward trend of financialresources and jobs offer, professional environment requirements are increasing, and thus, theacademic environment‘s role is becoming major. These were the coordinates that have directed ourempirical research on analyzing the perspective of future graduates regarding the correlationbetween the academic and professional environment in the field of managerial accounting. Theresearch approach considers on one hand,...
Sana Ben Cheikh
This paper identifies the impact of CEO power on risk-taking in listed firms and supports the strategic role of CEO from his personal profile. It specifies the managerial characteristics; demographic and professional aspects with reference to the upper echelons theory. The structural CEO power is measured by the combination of two titles held by the CEO and their seat in the board of directors. The empirical results reveal that the manager holding a structural power taking risky decisions. Mo...
Full Text Available Newly independent states occur after the collapse of Soviet Union. A number of Turkish Higher Education Institutes were opened in Central Asia after this event. One of them is the International Ataturk Alatoo University. The International Ataturk Alatoo University is one of the first private universities established in the Kyrgyz Republic that started its educational activity in 1996. International Ataturk Alatoo University aims at being the best model for higher education depending on the highest education standards and norms in newly reshaping Central Asia. The International Atatürk Alatoo University has an education mentality motivating free thinking and personal skills in a world in which paradigms are rapidly changing. In this paper, in order to find the answer for ‘what makes International Atatürk Alatoo University different from other institutes’; the strategies and features of International Atatürk Alatoo University were examined from the managerial and educational perspectives, interviews were made with students, lecturers and businessmen. Opinions of those people who have different University experiences (one International Atatürk Alatoo University experience and one local or International were collected and discussed. By this way success factors and problems faced in the region were explained.
Organisations need to think globally, but act locally - with a full appreciation of the diversity of local cultures. Major global companies must recognise that policies need to be managed with the broad context of business strategy and integrated into the work culture with the support of all elements of human resources management. Most currently, companies are accommodating national cultural differences while preserving work culture principals that encourage people to effectively execute the company's strategic objectives. Even to the casual observer, it is apparent that culture- a society's programming of the mind- has both a pervasive and changing influence on each national business environment. Global managers must recognise the influence of culture and be prepared to either respond to it or change it. This book examines current research in the study of managerial technology transfer.
This paper considers the questions that Badiou’s theory of the subject poses to cultures of economic managerialism within education. His argument that radical change is possible, for people and the situations they inhabit, provides a stark challenge to the stifling nature of much current educational climate. In 'Saint Paul: The Foundation of Universalism', Badiou describes the current universalism of capitalism, monetary homogeneity and the rule of the count. Badiou argues that the politics o...
Forman, H P; Yin, D
Cost analysis is inherently one of the most tedious tasks falling on the shoulders of any manager. In today's world, whether in a service business such as radiology or medicine or in a product line such as car manufacturing, accurate cost analysis is critical to all aspects of management: marketing, competitive strategy, quality control, human resource management, accounting (financial), and operations management, to name but a few. This is a topic that we will explore with the intention of giving the radiologist/manager the understanding and the basic skills to use cost analysis efficiently, making sure that major financial decisions are being made with adequate cost information, and showing that cost accounting is really managerial accounting in that it pays little attention to the bottom line of financial statements but places much more emphasis on equipping managers with the information to determine budgets, prices, salaries, and incentives and influences capital budgeting decisions through an understanding of product profitability rather than firm profitability. PMID:8633424
Lindgren, Fredrik; Hendeberg, Simon
This paper will from a managerial perspective investigate the function of CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) as a strategic tool for companies operating in Indonesia.Another aspect this paper will discuss is different views on CSR and what positive aswell as negative aspects CSR brings. The country was first in the world to state a lawregarding CSR performance in 2007, which makes CSR mandatory for all companiesusing natural resources in some way. This issue complicates CSR matters in Indo...
Although there is a widespread agreement on the significant inherent disparities between different phases of innovation process, current management research largely ignores the differences of innovative project phases in the prescriptions of appropriate managerial activities. Further, not much emphasis has been put on the actual practices and actions of project managers, i.e., what is it that project managers actually do to manage innovative projects on a daily basis? This study addresses thi...
Full Text Available Cycle time management plays an important role in improving the performance of a wafer fabrication factory. It starts from the estimation of the cycle time of each job in the wafer fabrication factory. Although this topic has been widely investigated, several issues still need to be addressed, such as how to classify jobs suitable for the same estimation mechanism into the same group. In contrast, in most existing methods, jobs are classified according to their attributes. However, the differences between the attributes of two jobs may not be reflected on their cycle times. The bi-objective nature of classification and regression tree (CART makes it especially suitable for tackling this problem. However, in CART, the cycle times of jobs of a branch are estimated with the same value, which is far from accurate. For these reason, this study proposes a joint use of principal component analysis (PCA, CART, and back propagation network (BPN, in which PCA is applied to construct a series of linear combinations of original variables to form new variables that are as unrelated to each other as possible. According to the new variables, jobs are classified using CART before estimating their cycle times with BPNs. A real case was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology. The experimental results supported the superiority of the proposed methodology over some existing methods. In addition, the managerial implications of the proposed methodology are also discussed with an example.
Factors influencing successful employment of foreign nationals with immigrant background into managerial positions within the hospitality industry in Norway. Analysis of experiences and challenges encountered
This research paper focuses on employment experiences and challenges immigrants encounter coming to Norway. A mixed method design is applied to collect both quantitative and qualitative data. Participants of the study include General Managers or Human Resource Managers of hotels in Norway and immigrants holding managerial hotel positions. Factors influencing successfully obtaining managerial hotel positions are examined: (1) language proficiency, (2) integration processes, (3) previous wor...
... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administration. 831.101 Section 831.101 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT Administration and General Provisions § 831.101 Administration. (a) OPM has charge of...
Oprea CALIN; Florin TUDOR
The production cost is the synthetic indicator for the use of production factors in order to manufacture a product, for work execution purposes or service rendering. The costs are surveyed on a micro and macroeconomic level, bearing a considerable importance in managerial decision making. The management applied on an economical entity (enterprise) uses internal information as well as data provided by the internal and international environment. This information is used in managerial decision m...
Performance of different organizations, such as hospitals is mainly influenced by their managers’ performance. Nursing managers have an important role in hospital performance and their managerial skills can improve the quality of the services. Hence, the present study was conducted in order to assess the relationship between the managerial skills and the results of their performance evaluation in Teaching Hospitals of Iran University of Medical Science in 2013. The research used the cross sec...
The diversity of accounting information need led to the construction of two representations of the same reality: an “internal” representation and an “external” representation. Formally speaking, this dual representation consists of two elements of the accounting system of the enterprise: the financial accounting – “the external face” of the entity – and the managerial accounting – “the internal face” of the entity. The organisation of managerial accounting activity is up to each entity, but i...
Dr. Amporn Tamronglak
Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to present a performance evaluation framework for teacher and educational personnel in Thailand. Based on the research funded by Office of the Teacher Civil Service and Educational Personnel Commission, it is aimed primarily to study the model of academic standing assessment of teacher civil service and educational personnel and to develop criteria and methods for the four tracks of personnel in Thailand, including teaching, educational institution administration, educational administration, and educational supervision. Various methods in gathering data for the study were employed, including 1 documentary research of four different countries, such as United States of America, England, Singapore and Hong Kong; 2 site visits to the government agencies responsible for educational assessment and development and schools in Hong Kong and Singapore; 3 in-depth interviews with Executives in Ministry of Education and a number of stakeholders who had requested for the promotional assessment from all four career tracks; 4 focus group method among experts in the field; and 5 public hearing opened to all stakeholders in teaching careers was also organized to gather comments and suggestions and finetune the proposed framework prior to submission to the Office of the Teacher Civil Service and Educational Personnel Commission for further application in the future.
A system of selection, training, professional skill maintenance and qualification improvement, as well as psychological support for nuclear power plant (NPP) personnel is being applied and developed in Russia. The Ministry of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy is charged with implementing the State's scientific, technical, investment and structural policies in the area of nuclear power, including training of NPP personnel. The programme is implemented by the operating organization Rosenergoatom and by the NPPs, enterprises and organizations belonging to Rosenergoatom. Thus the training of NPP personnel lies within the sphere of State regulation and control, which leaves room for initiative and independent action on the part of the operating organization, NPPs and other enterprises. Governmental decisions on upgrading the level of training of personnel made it possible to mobilize scientific and design organizations and to stimulate financial investment in this area. The fundamental regulatory documents relating to staffing and training of personnel for Russian NPPs are standards, based on IAEA recommendations, that govern the selection, training, authorization and evaluation of the on-the-job performance of NPP personnel. Two training centres are responsible for the methodological supervision of training units of NPPs. These training centres make recommendations on teaching methods, arrange continuing training for instructors and license NPP personnel. For each professional and worker an individual training programme is prepared on the basis of a standard programme. In general, the training of operating personnel for the main jobs takes eight to ten years. The IAEA's safety review missions to a number of Russian NPPs have looked at the standard of training of operating personnel and found it satisfactory. (author). 4 tabs
... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Personnel. 416.1021 Section 416.1021... DISABLED Determinations of Disability Administrative Responsibilities and Requirements § 416.1021 Personnel... to applicable State approved personnel standards in the selection, tenure, and compensation of...
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Personnel. 139.303 Section 139.303... Operations § 139.303 Personnel. In a manner authorized by the Administrator, each certificate holder must— (a) Provide sufficient and qualified personnel to comply with the requirements of its Airport...
... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Personnel. 404.1621 Section 404.1621...- ) Determinations of Disability Administrative Responsibilities and Requirements § 404.1621 Personnel. (a) Equal... approved personnel standards in the selection, tenure, and compensation of any individual employed in...
The online Prescriptive Index platform for the assessment of managerial competencies and coaching needs: development and initial validation of the experience sampling Mood Wheel and the Manager-Rational and Irrational Beliefs Scale
The Prescriptive Index platform is dedicated to the appraisal and development of managerial competencies, and it is comprised of such measures as the multi-rater Freeman-Gavita Prescriptive Executive Coaching (PEC) Assessment for assessing core managerial skills, and the multi-rater Managerial Coaching Assessment System (MCAS) for the evaluation of coaching competencies in managers. The aim of this research was to present the development and psychometric properties of new tools, part of the P...
Dykmann, Klaas; Lewis, Jenny; Bentzen, Sune Raahede
and identified structural shortcomings. Our analysis shows that New Public Management ideas were in circulation in the UN at this time. It also demonstrates the different pressures that international bureaucracies face in regard to their personnel. This is likely to make their responses to reform......This article examines whether reform ideas that gained influence in national-level bureaucracies in the 1970s were also on the United Nations’ internal agenda. The Joint Inspection Unit (Bertrand) Report of 1971 is the focus of this analysis, as it addressed personnel problems in the UN Secretariat...
The Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) recognizes that unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) also known as nursing assistive personnel (NAP) can function as supportive members of the health care team under the direction of the professional registered nurse (AWHONN, 2010). The professional registered nurse is ultimately responsible for the coordination and delivery of nursing care to women and newborns. PMID:26815808
... Administration (OSHA) regulations 29 CFR 1910.120(p)(8) and 1910.120(q), the facility is not required to provide... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Personnel training. 264.16 Section 264... Facility Standards § 264.16 Personnel training. (a)(1) Facility personnel must successfully complete...
... Administration (OSHA) regulations 29 CFR 1910.120(p)(8) and 1910.120(q), the facility is not required to provide... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Personnel training. 265.16 Section 265... FACILITIES General Facility Standards § 265.16 Personnel training. (a)(1) Facility personnel...
New Jersey School Boards Association, Trenton. Div. of Special Services.
The data provided in this bulletin are grouped according to (1) office personnel and attendance personnel, (2) maintenance and operation personnel, (3) transportation personnel, and (4) cafeteria personnel. Each section reports the minimum and maximum salaries paid for various positions, the average salary increase, and the vacation policy.…
杨扬; 马元驹; 朱小平
心理学和行为经济学的研究表明，人们的判断和决策往往受到心态和情绪的影响，企业管理者在经营活动中表现出的超出一般自信水平的情绪状态称为管理者过度自信。这种“非理性”的管理者过度自信与企业绩效是否存在相关关系，本文使用披露了业绩预告的上市公司盈利预测偏差作为衡量管理者过度自信的指标，对我国沪、深股市2005--2009年存在管理者过度自信的上市公司样本进行了研究，发现企业经营绩效与“非理性”的管理者过度自信存在正相关关系。管理者过度自信的企业相对于其他企业能够得到2．8％的业绩提高，这种与业绩正相关的关系在国有企业当中尤为明显。%The study of psychology and behavioral economics indicates that people＇ s decisions are always affected by mind and emotion. Managerial overconfidence is a kind of irrational behavior when managers show extraordinary confi- dence over their companies. Is there anything good related to managerial overconfidence？ The paper analyzes listed companies which disclosed performance forecasts from 2005 to 2009 in Shanghai Stock Market and Shenzhen Stock Market, and thinks that there exists managerial overconfidence when there is a deviation between the forecast and the fact in the company. The study shows that there is a positive correlation between firm performance and ＂irrational＂ managerial over- confidence. The companies in which there exists managerial overconfidence can have a performance improvement of 2.8% compared with other companies, and the performance improvement is more obvious in state-owned enterprises.
A series of training programs entitled Technical Supervisory Skills Programs for management personnel are described. The first level of this program, TSSP-1, is a seven week program designed for first-line supervisors and other selected management personnel responsible for directing the work forces in the stations. TSSP-1 includes training in PWR/BWR Technology, Supervision, Aberrant Behavior Identification, Labor Relations and Ethics, Technical Administration, Quality Assurance Program, On-the-job Training, and Specific Departmental Training. TSSP-2, TSSP-3, and TSSP-4 courses are described in this paper
The personnel dosimetry and the training in radiological protection in radiodiagnostic in Mexico before 1997 were almost nonexistent except few services of public and private radiology, we can to say that the personnel dosimetry and the obligatory training was born in the year 1997, together with the present Mexican Official Standards in radiology. This study has the purpose to make an evaluation of the personnel dosimetry of 110 radiology services distributed in the Mexican Republic for the year 2001 and to estimate the annual and bimonthly mean doses, as well as its trust intervals and its relationships with the personnel training in radiological protection by means of a sampling that was realized in two stages (1997 and 2000) in the metropolitan area of Mexico City. The results show that the received doses by the medical and technical personnel in the participating radiology services are in the 0.03 mSv and 0.94 mSv interval and the mean is 0.25 mSv. The estimated annual personnel dose would be in the 0.18 mSv to 5.64 mSv interval, which are values very lower to the annual dose limit that is 50 mSv and its magnitude is similar to the effective annual dose by natural background radiation. In the first stage in training was found that there is not a significant difference in the response frequencies among the medical and technical personnel with a p < 0.05. The 52% of the occupational exposure personnel of radiology uses dosemeter, but only 17% of them know the dose reports. the 15.8% of personnel considers that dosemeter protects against radiation and only 16.5% knows the annual maximum permissible dose for stochastic effects. The second stage, the results shown that there is a significant difference in the response of frequencies among medical and technical personnel, the same results which are obtained for members and non members of a professional association with a p < 0.05. The 38% has personnel dosimetry, the 19% knows the principles of radiological
It is difficult to choose radioprotection equipments that are not too expensive and suit the purpose. Some of the dosimetric characteristics of good dosemeters outlined by ISO 4071-1978 (E) namely scale linearity, energy dependence, radiation quality dependence and angular dependence for some of the commercially available dosemeters are discussed. The calibration procedures practised at the National Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory (SSDL), of the Nuclear Energy Unit (NEU) is also explained. The radiological equipments for personnel monitoring such as film badge and TLD are widely used to estimate the radiation dose delivered to the whole or partial body of a personnel. Both of the personnel monitoring procedures have been established at the NEU. The objective, use and maintenance of the devices are also discussed in detail. The evaluation of the monthly dose received by a personnel from various establishments in the country are also presented. (author). 17 figs
Bramoweth, Adam D.; Germain, Anne
Insomnia is a prevalent disorder that greatly impacts military personnel, especially those deployed in support of combat efforts. Deployment-related stressors like combat exposure, mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) irregular sleep-wake schedules, and adjustment to the return home all contribute to insomnia. However, insomnia can also exacerbate the deployment experience and is a risk factor for traumatic stress reactions such as PTSD, depression, and suicide. Military personnel with mTBI are...
Danilovich, Hanna; Croucher, Richard
We examine trends in investment in personnel in Belarussian enterprises and the impact they have on companies’ capacity to attract FDI and modernise. Others have argued in favour of the economy’s robust fundamentals, using macro-level data. They have suggested that Belarussian industry has attracted considerable FDI, due in part to high investment in human capital. Our findings, based on micro-level data from Belarussian enterprises in 2009–2014, demonstrate that investments in personnel hav...
It is the purpose of this paper to address the issue of training for power plant personnel in the area of hydrogen control. The authors experience in the training business indicates that most of the operations and engineering personnel have a very limited awareness of this phenomenon. Topics discussed in this paper include: 1) theory of hydrogen combustion kinetics; 2) incidents involving hydrogen combustion events; 3) normal operations interfacing with hydrogen; 4) accident conditions; and 5) mitigation schemes
Jamal Bahri Sales
Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to measure the effect of managerial ability on earning quality on selected firms listed on Tehran Stock Exchange over the period 2007-2013. The proposed study uses data envelopment analysis to measure the relative efficiency of selected firms where Sales is considered as output and Cost of goods (COGS, Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (SG&A, Net Property Plant and Equipment (PPE, Net operating Leases (OpsLease, Research & Development (R&D, Purchased Good will (Goodwill and Other intangible assets (OtherIntan are considered as inputs. Earning quality in this survey consists of three parts of quality of accruals, earnings and earnings forecast persistence. The results of our survey have indicated that managerial ability influences positively on earning quality.
Nazarov Nikita K.
Full Text Available The purpose of the research is theoretical justification and definition of major threats to financial and economic security, analyzing the condition of personnel security at the enterprise and determination of personnel loyalty at industrial enterprises. To improve the system of personnel security at industrial enterprises the impact of macro- and microenvironment factors on economic activity of the industrial enterprise has been objectively assessed, elements for forming a sympathetic attitude of the employee to the organization have been studied, the model of developing personnel loyalty has been considered. Besides, in the work there have been determined the sources of loyalty, which suggests the presence of three aspects of the employee attitude to his/her organization simultaneously: identification, involvement and loyalty. To determine loyalty of employees at the studied enterprises the article presents a questionnaire, which is a synthetic combination of three questionnaires by outstanding scientists, namely: L. Porter, J. Meyer and N. Allen, K. Kharskiy. Also the author of the article has defined four subscales of personnel loyalty characterizing: a attitude to the organization; b sympathy, patriotism; c attitude to the personnel policy; d the hidden turnover, disadaptation.
Full Text Available One of the most important ways of making public institutions more efficient is by applying managerial methodology, embodied in the promotion of management tools, modern and sophisticated methodologies, as well as operation of designing/redesigning and maintenance of the management process and its components. Their implementation abides the imprint of constructive and functional particularities of public institutions, decentralized and devolved, and, of course, the managers’ expertise of these organizations. Managerial methodology is addressed through three important instruments diagnosis, management by objectives and scoreboard. Its presence in the performance management process should be mandatory, given the favorable influence on the management and economic performance and the degree of scholastic approach of the managers’ performance.
John W. Keon
A new stochastic brand choice model, the Bargain Value Model, is introduced. Using consumer panel data, the model predicts an individual household's probability of purchasing various brands as a function of the prevailing price of those brands. Based on consumer behavior constructs, the model differs sharply from the Linear Learning Model in its behavioral interpretation. This difference leads the models to have divergent managerial policy implications. After describing the Bargain Value Mode...
Bernd Süssmuth; Stefan Wagner
Against the background of growing media interest in professional soccer, this paper proposes a moral hazard model with costly state verification to explain how rule changes affecting the reward scheme of team performance impact on the success of managerial change. As has been shown recently based on four decades of data from the German soccer premiership by Wagner (2010), the incentive change in professional soccer leagues enacted by the FIFA in 1995/96 rendered the drastic measure of firing ...
Gegenfurtner, Bernhard; Ampenberger, Markus; Kaserer, Christoph
We analyse to what extent the accrual anomaly is related to the choice of the accounting system as well as firm-level heterogeneity in corporate governance mechanisms. Using a unique dataset of listed German firms over the period 1995 to 2005 we first corroborate former results indicating that the accrual anomaly is also present in Germany. However, this anomaly seems to be driven mainly by firms with managerial ownership. In a second step, we test how different corporate governance mechanism...
Administration is the art of getting tasks done by utilizing the resources and coordinating the people. Administrators give trigger to the administration by coordinating, and directing all parts of an organization by managing the tangible and intangible resources of the organization. The qualities of leadership are therefore a critical determinant of organizational success. The theories of leadership (Trait to Transformational leadership theory) have strived to look into the aspects that make...
Personnel monitoring is the periodic measurement (monthly or quarterly service) of radiation doses received by radiation workers. The monitoring/service period for a given institution is mainly decided by the potential of receiving doses/exposures by occupational radiation workers. Ionizing radiations viz. neutrons, photons (X-rays and gamma) and beta particles are commonly encountered by radiation workers and contribute towards radiation doses. The main aim of personnel monitoring is to ensure that the dose limits as stipulated by the regulatory authorities are followed. It may also help in the segregation of various personnel as per dose received in case of emergency/radiation accidents. In addition, external monitoring provides information on the external radiation exposure of individuals working with radioactive materials and/or radiation producing devices and assist in work planning, allow control of doses at the workplace
Rabindra Kumar Pradhan; Updesh Kumar
Culture has always been a source of influence on human behaviour. It affects the way in which individual processes information and reasons in negotiation and other organisational decisions. In today's competitive world, the work place is more unstable and unpredictable than before. To make right judgment in the right context is the right choice of the present time. This study made an attempt to establish a link between organizational culture and managerial thinking. This kind of analysis woul...
Andrei Ion; Dragoș Iliescu; Daniela Vercellino
This study investigates the relationship between personality traits and managerial level. Personality traits were assessed by using the Romanian version of the California Psychological Inventory – 260 (Gough, 2002). The inclusion criteria in the three managerial groups (low level management, middle level management and high level management) were the number of subordinates and the reported distance from the CEO. Data were collected from the managers at a few companies from the fast moving con...
Iacob, Constanta; Taus, Delia
The constant development of the economic environment, accelerated growth of requirements to have updated, correct and operational information, emphasized the relevance and importance of managerial accounting. Faced with the rapid changes that have known enterprises in all areas, management accounting has evolved over time. As a component of the accounting system that produces information for managers and anchored in the strategic system of the organization, it is permanent supported the...
The nationwide personnel dosimetry service organization in Czechoslovakia is critically evaluated and requirements for personnel dosemeters are presented. Dosimetric systems developed by UVVVR in two combinations are recommended. The systems consider various types of radiation exposure risks to personnel. Suitable types of personnel photon, electron and neutron dosemeters are recommended for high- and low-risk groups of personnel. The research of new methods of personnel dosimetry will be conducted and coordinated within CMEA. (B.S.)
Carmen Mihaela Cretu; Victoria Gheonea
Managerial accounting is a very useful tool in decision making given that managers need various information about the evolution of the economic within organizations they lead, from detailed knowledge of costs and to modeling the behavior of decision makers. Managerial accounting has therefore become an integral part of the management process by providing critical information for managers who must plan, supervise and decide in a changing business environment, highly competitive, characterized ...
10196145 - Bisschoff, Christo Alfonzo; Lotriet, Ronald Aubrey
Business is expected to serve the common good of all stakeholders and have special legal interests with regard to upholding the values embedded in the constitution. Proper managerial ethics is becoming more of a concern within the context of business as the risks involved have grown in number, complexity, likelihood and significance. The extent of organisational pressure on management to perform accordingly on various indicators may also lead to compromises on organisational standards of ethi...
Full Text Available The paper is an analysis of the situation of rural development in Prahova county in all fields and aspects: agriculture and food industry, forestry, infrastructure, tourism, law and legislation, regional and government support towards rural entrepreneurs and inhabitants, rural life, customs and traditions, but also the impact of the European Agricultural Policy . The quantity analysis is based upon statistical data retrieved from Romanian statistical yearbook, while the quality analysis is based on discussions with the main actors and stakeholders in order to determine the managerial measurements that need to be taken.
Today, the nuclear power corporation (NPC) enjoys the profit of LCEP (the low carbon economic policy). at the same time, they also enduring more and more pressure. For example, the partner competition or the NPP potential occupational risk . The efficient counterplot of risk is the self-ability cultivation. It is essential to research the NPP managerial flow. The nuclear power plant (NPP) unit is a carrier of the NPC enterprise management system, and has taken on a new look 'pull one portion then the whole moving'. The NPP has three systematical characters, the security responsibility center, the man-machine system and the input-output system. The manufacturing system and the enterprise management system are the great constituents of the NPP managerial flows. Means of systems analysis, we can find out the truth of the NPP running interface. In CHINA, there are many operating experiences near 20 years. It indicates that the NPP manufacturing system and the enterprise system are the roots of the nuclear power corporation, the core of the all NPP systems must be based on it. So the ability cultivation is the work core to NPP. It is reliably to ensure the NPP to be up against problems, for instance, the security duty, the costing control and the man-machine system running harmoniously. This paper introduces the NPP managerial flow and the present state of QNPC, also come up with a proposal to refer for the NPC development actions of collective measure, specialization, standardization, fine. (author)
Full text: For operating nuclear reactor is needed reactor personnel. Nuclear installation operating organization should ensure that reactor personnel in charge have fulfilled the requirement to operate nuclear reactor. The personnel who operates or supervise the process of reactor operation or personnel who concern directly related safety should have license. Any employee who operates a nuclear reactor and any special employee in other nuclear installation and in the installations that use ionising radiation sources shall possess a license. This working license is issued by Nuclear Energy Control Board - Bapeten in accordance with the Act No. 10 year 1997 on Nuclear Energy in article 19 clause. To implement the Act Bo. 10/1997 especially relating to the personnel who operates a nuclear reactor in Indonesia has enacted the guidance which is required by operator/supervisor to fulfil the requirement for receiving license to nuclear installation and ionization radiation utilization installation in decree of Bapeten Chairman No. 17/Ka-Bapeten/IX-99. For proving his qualification, the operator/supervisor should take the training and testing/examination. The Decree of Bapeten Chairman No. 04P/Ka-Bapeten/I-03 can be concluded that reactor personnel should follows training and qualification is arranged by accredited training course organization. After passing the training course, he can flow the examination which is arranged by Bapeten to receive the working license issued by Bapeten suitable his profession. This paper discuss about the provision in guidance of training and qualification of reactor operation personnel and the requirement of the exam participant for receiving of working license of nuclear installation in Indonesia. (author)
Full Text Available In industrial and organizational psychology, there is a long tradition of studying personality as an antecedent of work outcomes. Recently, however, scholars have suggested that personality characteristics may not only predict, but also change due to certain work experiences, a notion that is depicted in the dynamic developmental model (DDM of personality and work. Upward job changes are an important part of employees' careers and career success in particular, and we argue that these career transitions can shape personality over time. In this study, we investigate the Big Five personality characteristics as both predictors and outcomes of upward job changes into managerial and professional positions. We tested our hypotheses by applying event history analyses and propensity score matching to a longitudinal dataset collected over five years from employees in Australia. Results indicated that participants' openness to experience not only predicted, but that changes in openness to experience also followed from upward job changes into managerial and professional positions. Our findings thus provide support for a dynamic perspective on personality characteristics in the context of work and careers.
Nieß, Christiane; Zacher, Hannes
In industrial and organizational psychology, there is a long tradition of studying personality as an antecedent of work outcomes. Recently, however, scholars have suggested that personality characteristics may not only predict, but also change due to certain work experiences, a notion that is depicted in the dynamic developmental model (DDM) of personality and work. Upward job changes are an important part of employees' careers and career success in particular, and we argue that these career transitions can shape personality over time. In this study, we investigate the Big Five personality characteristics as both predictors and outcomes of upward job changes into managerial and professional positions. We tested our hypotheses by applying event history analyses and propensity score matching to a longitudinal dataset collected over five years from employees in Australia. Results indicated that participants' openness to experience not only predicted, but that changes in openness to experience also followed from upward job changes into managerial and professional positions. Our findings thus provide support for a dynamic perspective on personality characteristics in the context of work and careers. PMID:26110527
Mallick, M. Joan
School personnel can have a vital role in the early detection and treatment of anorexia nervosa and bulimia by understanding certain signs and symptoms. This article provides specific information about early detection, approaches to use when confronting the student, and methods to facilitate treatment. (Author/DF)
Bowman, William R.; Mehay, Stephen L.
This study analyzes the effects of college quality and individual academic background on selected job performance measures for officers working in professional and managerial jobs in the U.S. Navy. The study analyzes performance indicators at selected career points for cohorts in two occupational groups. Among staff personnel, who perform mostly administrative and support functions, the authors find that graduates of private schools, regardless of college quality, received better ...
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Crucial to the Naval mission, but administrative in nature, is the assignment of ship's company to temporary and permanent duty assignments. This study implements a personnel database system for personnel management on a small battle ship. dBASE III is used as a "Database Management Software" and the "System" is implemented as a collection of algorithms providing intelligent decisions about these assignments. It ca...
... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Responsibilities of the Office of Personnel Management. 451.305 Section 451.305 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL... Management. (a) Annually, OPM shall establish criteria, including terms, conditions, and evaluation...
As a vendor supplying field service personnel who assist in plant startup, maintenance and operation of Nuclear Steam Supply Systems, B and W has developed programs which meet the applicable requirements to train and document the capability and performance of those persons subject to field assignments. Field Service personnel have various duties and responsibilities depending upon their particular assignment. The overall objectives of the training and certification programs is to provide a broad base of capable, competent service personnel who support both startup and operating plants. Training and certification programs are arranged to relate directly to duties and responsibilities of the assigned tasks. Some typical general duties of a field service engineer are shown. Training and certification procedures are described
... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reporting training and administrative costs. 432.55 Section 432.55 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS STATE PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION Staffing and Training Expenditures § 432.55 Reporting training...
... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Administrative and punitive actions. 513.3 Section 513.3 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS INDEBTEDNESS OF MILITARY PERSONNEL § 513.3 Administrative and...
A Personnel and Material Tracking System (PMTS) was demonstrated in the Fuel Manufacturing Facility (FMF) at Argonne National Laboratories-West (ANL-W) in July, 1987. The PMTS is intended to aid in the transfer of inventory materials from area to area within a facility such as FMF. It is also intended to assure that only those personnel who are authorized to do so may conduct these transfer operations. The PMTS Personnel Movement (PM) subsystem uses portals installed between areas to alert the system to the movement of personnel between areas. The portals are composed to two sensors, one on either side of a proximity badge reader, to detect the presence of personnel entering the portal area. However, a restricted area can be assigned to any badge holder which will cause the system to issue an alert if the badge holder passes into his/her restricted area. The PM subsystem is intended to be transparent when in use. The PMTS Inventory Material Access (IMA) subsystem provides two functions: material control and material access. The material control is provided by the Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) system which is a sensor rf transmitter system that detects item movements. Material access is provided by the Mobile Accountability Verification Inventory Station (MAVIS) system which is a self-powered smart barcode reader
argued that the changes in administrative practices during the last decade constitute a transformation, but also a reproduction of relations between knowledge and governing that goes back to the big expansion of the welfare state. Second, it is argued that these relations between knowledge and governing...... are not restricted to the administrative practices, but are part of education and its humanistic legacy as well. As such, the administrative demand of documentation becomes possible and recognisable through its reproductive elements. Elements that are constituted in a transformative conjunction in...
Full Text Available The problem of costs is that they are an extremely complex variable of the company’s management, because of its importance in the management of each business. All managers need accurate and timely information to carry out pricing, planning, operation activities and to take other type of decisions. Managerial accounting is considered as an indispensable system in the accounting activity of the organisation for decision making. Regardless of where they are, managers administrate their field of responsibility, start actions that will lead to effects only by means of resources consumption. But, in order for the effects to be favourable to the organisation, managerial accounting demonstrates its usefulness in establishing what is profitable, in terms of costs as decisive factors for determining prices, this system being implemented through the managerial accounting, as part of the accounting activity performed within the organisation.
Marko D. Andrejić
Full Text Available The significance of education in logistics and education and training of cadets who belong to non-logistic services (non-logistic personnel will be presented. The logistical aspects of education of non-logistic personnel are elaborated as well as the knowledge in the area of logistics which is necessary to be transferred through the educational process to non-logistic personnel for the successful accomplishment of their functional duties. A general approach and the methods of logistics education and improvement of non-logistic personnel are presented as well as the institutional prerequisites necessary for improving the quality of logistics education and training. The quality of the knowledge in this area and its implementation into the methods of thinking and decision making of non-logistic personnel affect the cooperation between the non-logistic and the logistic personnel, directly contributing to the quality of life and working conditions of units and institutions as well as to the quality and synergy in task accomplishments in the framework defined by the missions of the Army of Serbia. The necessary content and means of its transfer to cadets are discussed since they are supposed to be available at all levels and forms of education, depending on the previous cadet education levels. The theoretical bases and experiences shown are of general character and they have a universal application in the process of education. Introduction In our recent defense theory and operational practice, logistics education of non-logistic personnel is not sufficiently analyzed either in organizational or technological aspects, considering the concept and the logic of a systematic and a situational approach. The analysis of the experiences gained from operational practice shows a slight decrease in the quality of task accomplishment due to the lack of necessary logistic knowledge and habits as well as an increased communication gap between logistic and non
Full Text Available Managerial accounting plays an important role for making prompt and efficient decisions to reduce troubles in the market. However, there are many circumstances where management team cannot make appropriate, fast and reliable managerial decisions. In this paper, we present a survey in cement industry and look to find out important factors as major barriers of managerial accounting implementation. The proposed model of this paper designs and distributes questionnaire among management teams who work for cement industry in Iran. The results of the survey indicate that lack of familiarity of managers with managerial accounting techniques, existence of unprofessional people in financial and accounting affairs and lack of having globally acceptable standards are major barriers in this industry for implementation of managerial accounting skills. However, our survey does not find any relationship between market turbulence and efficiency and implementation of managerial accounting skills.
Radiation Safety Officers (RSOs) sometimes face situations in which personnel dosimetry estimates are required after dosimeters issued to radiation workers (film or TLD badges, extremity dosimeters, etc.) are lost or damaged before processing. This article was prepared to help those involved with personnel dosimetry investigations became aquatinted with this process. A factor that contributes to the anxiety of those unfamiliar with dosimetry investigations is the lack of published guidance available in this subject. More printed resources are needed to help radiation safety professionals familiarize themselves and understand personnel dosimetry investigations. Topics discussed in this presentation include the justification of performing dosimetry investigations, recommendations on how to perform them and the advantages of performing such investigations
Friesgaard, Kristian Dahl; Nikolajsen, Lone; Giebner, Matthias;
BACKGROUND: Management of pain in the pre-hospital setting is often inadequate. In 2011, ambulance personnel were authorized to administer intravenous fentanyl in the Central Denmark Region. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous fentanyl administered by...... ambulance personnel. METHODS: Pre-hospital medical charts from 2348 adults treated with intravenous fentanyl by ambulance personnel during a 6-month period were reviewed. The primary outcome was the change in pain intensity on a numeric rating scale (NRS) from before fentanyl treatment to hospital arrival....... Secondary outcomes included the number of patients with reduction in pain intensity during transport (NRS ≥ 2), the number of patients with NRS > 3 at hospital arrival, and potential fentanyl-related side effects. RESULTS: Fentanyl reduced pain from before treatment (8, IQR 7-9) to hospital arrival (4, IQR...
Варічева, Р. В.
Explore the possibilities information security management accounting through the implementation of organizational and personnel component security of accounting information, the resolution of which the administrative documents of the company are the basis for trade secret protection at the expense of a clear definition of responsibilities responsible for management accounting. This will contribute to productivity and security management operations of the company, especially in the application...
Mitchell, David; Enemark, Stig
projects in developing countries resulting in a significant increase in demand for people with qualifications and skills in surveying, valuation, planning and associated disciplines. In developed countries the objectives of higher education for the professions associated with land administration are...... relatively well established. There is a clear trend towards an increased focus in surveying education on the development of managerial skills, and the acquisition and application of interdisciplinary problem-solving skills (Enemark 2001, Enemark 2007). However, there is limited literature on the objectives...
The Guidebook will prove especially useful for, and is addressed primarily to: nuclear power operating organizations establishing or upgrading their NPP personnel training systems; regulatory personnel responsible for setting requirements and/or evaluating NPP personnel training; and organizations (within or outside the operating organization) responsible for the development, implementation and evaluation of training programmes for NPP personnel. Figs
... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duties of official personnel and warehouse samplers... official personnel and warehouse samplers. (a) General. Official personnel and warehouse samplers shall... of § 800.161. (d) Scope of operations. Official personnel and warehouse samplers shall operate...
Rahmatollah Mohammadipour; Sohaila Mahdavi; Mohammad Hossein Bakhshandeh; Farshad Sabzalipour
Managerial accounting plays an important role for making prompt and efficient decisions to reduce troubles in the market. However, there are many circumstances where management team cannot make appropriate, fast and reliable managerial decisions. In this paper, we present a survey in cement industry and look to find out important factors as major barriers of managerial accounting implementation. The proposed model of this paper designs and distributes questionnaire among management teams who ...
Rusu Liviu Dumitru
Full Text Available Globalization has deeply turned the macroeconomic environment as well as the behaviour of organizations on the global market. Increasingly fierce competition on this market has contributed to the emergence and crystallization of the euro management which was called upon to respond to this challenge. It is closely related to organizational culture and developed on the basis of the integration of markets and economies which led to the appearance, in the management area, of a methods ’ concentration, management techniques and methodologies specific to the European countries. As a part of the European management, the Romanian management involves the formulation of some specific traits, defining features, detached from its approach both on processes and management functions as well as on the components of the management system. This approach results from the organization's system feature called "management system". The objectives of this work consist in the formulation of some relevant answers to questions like: "Do the Romanian Managers have a certain conception in terms of functions of the management processes?"; "Was there outlined a specific content for each of the five managerial functions?"; "Is the content of the management components /subsystems already patterned?". As a methodology, from the answer to these questions , there will be taken some conclusions on the "Romanian management" from the theoretical-methodological point of view as a first stage and, on the second stage, as a pragmatic approach on the Romanian organizations and generally within the business environment in Romania. As a result, in the end we present the defining elements of the "Romanian management pattern", to the extent that we come to the conclusion that one can speak of such a model and which are the common and distinct traits as against the European management.
Although no new nuclear stations are currently committed in Canada, the regulatory authority, the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB), has started, in 1989, an expansion program which, when completed in 1994 will represent a 60 pc increase in its workforce. The new personnel resources are being used to improve the AECB effectiveness in a number of regulatory activities. This paper reviews some of the key factors which relate to the hiring and integration of the new AECB employees: selection process, timing, fees, scholarship program, subsequent training of qualified personnel, woman quotas. 2 figs