The article explores the role of the Registrar (Chief Operating Officer) in a university, and the ways in which we value the contributions of professional, managerial and administrative (PMA) staff. It assesses the conditions in which PMA staff work and describes the professional development opportunities they enjoy. The article goes on to analyse…
United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna (Austria).
The need to develop managerial and technical personnel in the cement, fertilizer, pulp and paper, sugar, leather and shoe, glass, and metal processing industries of various nations was studied, with emphasis on necessary steps in developing nations to relate occupational requirements to technology, processes, and scale of output. Estimates were…
Cristina Maria MORA
Full Text Available The paper discusses the issue of themanagerial approach to public administration,starting from the distinction identified by someauthors between management and administration.The paper has a twofold structure: in the firstsections it provides a theoretical conceptualframework for approaching the issue of themanagerial approach to public administration;in the following sections, the authors discuss themanagerial approach with regard to the Romanianadministrative sector. In the conclusion section,the paper tries to offer an answer to the questionwhere do we stand as a country with regard tothe implementation of the managerial approachin public administration. While some progress hasbeen made, there are nonetheless steps that stillneed to be taken..
Knox, Rodney F.
This paper provides an overview of the development of the school-personnel administrator role. It first describes the influence of the science-management and human-relations movements and the behavioral sciences on personnel administration and human resource management. It next discusses the role of the personnel-performance-appraisal system and…
Farley, Elizabeth, Ed.
Suggested ideas on conducting a managerial workshop for camp directors are offered in this trainer's guide. Workshops must be at least one full day of training (6 hours) on each topic to be counted toward the American Camping Association (ACA) Camp Director Certification Program. Suggested topics to be addressed are: (1) basic principles and…
Full Text Available Background: Managerial knowledge and skills as well as profound understanding of goals and objectives of management determine the effectiveness and efficiency in all areas of managerial activities. In particular, this applies to the quality of healthcare services, perceived as a compliance between the effects (of medical treatment and the assumed relevant objectives (defined/desired health condition. The aim of the research was to distinguish and define the way the health service quality is perceived by the hospital managerial personnel. Material and Methods: The questionnaire was mailed to 836 members of the managerial personnel of public hospitals in the Łódź province. Of this number 122 questionnaires were returned. Results: Only 22 (18.49% of respondents presented the definition of quality. Attempts to meet patients’ expectations and to satisfy them were found to be the prevailing perception of the healthcare quality and 96.64% of respondents considered competences of medical staff contributory. Almost 64% of respondents disagree with the opinion that the number of medical staff does not affect the service quality. According to the respondents, a 46% increase in financial resources on average could significantly improve the quality of healthcare services. More than half (66.76% of respondents claim that healthcare services that are available cover 82% of patients’ needs. Almost 57% (56.52% of respondents consider that the subordinate- superior relationship influences their work involvement. According to 42.61% of respondents, the offered incentives encourage actions for the quality improvement. Conclusions: The results of the research indicate the need to develop a clear cut definition of the health service quality by the managerial personnel of public hospitals and to change their understanding, perception and treatment of the discussed issue, which provides a basis for the effective and efficient hospital management. Med Pr 2016
20 Softwre ............................................... 62 Officem Auomaiontins the.Busiess.Worl...but professional and managerial staff as well1 ... (9:2) The General Services Administration was even more specific when * it defined office automation...Conquests for the Computer," Nation’s Business, Vol. 70, No. 6 (June 1982): pp. 67-76. Spindle, Les. "Computerizing Your Office," Radio -Electronics, Vol
Full Text Available This paper deals with the Italian public administration reform, carried out on the basis of the “new public management” principles. This innovation is geared towards the introduction into the public sector of private management instruments, with a view to improving ef fi ciency, effectiveness and fi nancial stability. In particular, the paper will focus on relations between political authorities and public managers. As it regards this, the measures introduced by the reform are mainly designed to ensure that managers have greater autonomy in dealing with political bodies. However, there has been growing criticism over the last few decades of the results of the system introduced by this reform. In fact, it has been observed how the new regulation provides juridical instruments which might in fl uence the manager’s activities and his or her managerial autonomy. This paper aims to explore whether such instruments can really affect managers, by preventing them from exercising their functions autonomously; it also aims to verify whether the regulation system introduced by the reform has really brought about a clear distinction between managerial and political functions or whether, on the contrary, it has only brought about a formal separation, which does not ful fi ll the goals of the Italian public administration reform.
Everett, R. E.; And Others
This book updates the classic text "Public School Fund Accounting Principles and Procedures" (Tidwell 1960). The book is designed to be used primarily as a textbook at the graduate level with students training to be school administrators, school business administrators, or principals. A list of topics covered include an overview of school…
Lane, John J.
Management techniques developed during the past 20 years assume the rational bureaucratic model. School administration requires contingent techniques. Quality Circle, Theory Z, and the McKenzie 7-Framework are discussed as techniques to increase school productivity. (MD)
Henrry Ricardo Cabrera
Full Text Available The present article relates concepts and knowledge on the international tendency as for the administration and improvement of the managerial processes. In the methodology review and analysis published online access, indexed database and other Web of Science is considered to identify those aspects of interest that influence the performance of companies and their processes. The main findings indicate that today any attempt to formalize the management and process improvement must contain theoretical assumptions about process management and system integration, it is also imperative to accept the basis of good management practices, treated with a focus process, highlighted in the selection process, the identification and assessment of opportunities for improvement, indicators and its relationship with business strategies
given to the organisations in which the educational reforms are born. Following on from previous debates on the neo-liberalisation of education, this study provides an ethnographic examination of an educational administration attempting to decentralise services to schools. This study focuses...... on the people inside an Australian state education administration during the time when the organisation was being restructured. It examines how decentralisation, managerialism and accountability result in the loss of professional expertise. This study contributes to the literature on the neo...... and expertise from the organisation....
To help relate management ideas and knowledge to educational administration, the author reviews the major theories and findings from the last 20 years on managerial leadership and discusses their relevance for school principals. He first summarizes findings from three approaches: the traits approach, emphasizing managerial motivation and skills;…
T. S. Popova
Full Text Available It were developed in this article the author's scientific and practical approach, methodology, and managerial tools allowing to construct and implement the policy of the competitiveness of the national economy in its personnel division at the federal, regional and enterprise levels, providing a selection and recruitment of qualified personnel capable of update the socioeconomic mechanism of public administration. Groups of industries of national economy were studied depending on the level of competitiveness of their products, trends, characteristics and factors of policy selection and recruitment in the civil service and industry sectors on example of CBEER - CFD.
Seyfried, Roma-Mary G.; Zirkel, Perry A.
To ascertain the knowledge level and congruent practices among public college and university student-personnel administrators relating to reported court decisions based on the First Amendment religious clauses, questionnaires were sent to a sample of 250 administrators. Responses from 169 (68%) of the administrators are analyzed. (MLF)
Bachelor’s degree (e.g., BA, AB, BS) H Ο Master’s, doctoral degree, or professional school degree (e.g., MA/MS/PhD/MD/JD/DVM) SRED */SREDA...Active Duty Personnel, the following items fall into this category: SRSEX (gender), SRAGE (age), SRESL (English as a Second Language), SRED ...Appendix D." D-25 32. SRED , SREDA-SREDH, SREDHI. Although this item asks for one (highest grade or degree) response, respondents frequently mark
Seldin, Peter; Higgerson, Mary Lou
This book offers administrators a reliable guide to creating a document that evidences performance. The book tells what the administrative portfolio is and how it can be created and used. Part 1 contains 12 chapters on creating and using the administrative portfolio: (1) "Changing Roles and Expectations of Academic Administrators"; (2) "The…
... for each position shall be justified and documented by the grantee to the satisfaction of the... received financial assistance under the section 402 program, and the salary scale must not have been... written detailed job description identifying job functions and responsibilities for each...
... same non-English language and which do not contain adult(s) fluent in English as a second language; (2... which speak the same non-English language (a single-language minority), the State agency shall provide... households. (B) If notices are required in only one language other than English, notices may be printed...
Davies, John L.; Melchiori, Gerlinda S.
Managerial processes used in developing programs to improve an institution's public image are outlined, drawing on both theory and experience in college administration and public relations. Eight case studies provide illustrations. A five-stage managerial plan is presented. (MSE)
Hansmann, Henry; Thomsen, Steen
Industrial foundations are autonomous nonprofit entities that own and control one or more conventional business firms. These foundations are common in Northern Europe, where they own a number of internationally prominent companies. Previous studies have indicated, surprisingly, that companies con......, but corporate governance and fiduciary behavior more generally....... on differences among the industrial foundations themselves. We work with a rich data set comprising 113 foundation-owned Danish companies over the period 2003-2008. We focus in particular on a composite structural factor that we term “managerial distance.” We propose this as a measure of the extent to which......-seeking outside owners of the company. Consistent with this hypothesis, our empirical analysis shows a positive, significant, and robust association between managerial distance and the economic performance of foundation owned companies. The findings appear to illuminate not just foundation governance...
Full Text Available The article focuses attention on managerialism from the point of view of its ideological status. It traces the rise of managerialism, the main contributors to theorising about the nature of managerialism, and the characteristics and appeals of an outstanding managerialist text. The article begins by outlining the major features of the economic and social context in the United States, the United Kingdom and other Western countries that have contributed to the rise in the intellectual and social standing of the concept of managerialism. The problem of establishing consensus on the definition of managerialism is noted, as is the difficulty of positioning it within the conventional left-right political spectrum. The nature of an influential variant of managerialism known as ‘socially responsible’ management is then explored.
, and families of CEOs in all but the smallest Danish firms between 1996 and 2006. We find that (a) a male CEO generally pays his employees less generously after fathering a child, (b) the birth of a daughter has a less negative influence on wages than does the birth of a son and has a positive influence....... These results are consistent with a desire by the CEO to husband more resources for his family after fathering a child and the psychological priming of the CEO’s generosity after the birth of his first daughter and specifically toward women after the birth of his first child of either gender....
Semeijn, J.; Heijden, B.I.J.M. van der; Lee, A.T van der
This study examined the predictive value of multisource ratings of managerial competencies for managerial and organizational effectiveness. Data from 155 subordinates, 59 peers, and 28 supervisors were gathered in order to provide insight into their perceptions on managerial competencies for their m
美国公共行政理论中的管理主义范式经历了萌芽、形成、拓展和成熟四个发展阶段。实证主义是管理主义的哲学基础，因为实证主义为管理主义提供了方法论基础，而管理主义是实证主义在管理领域的具体应用。美国公共行政理论中的管理主义是在与宪政主义的争论中得以发展和完善的，其理论体系由单一化、片面化逐渐走向多元化、系统化；理论研究由注重经济、效率价值转向既注重经济、效率价值，又兼顾人本价值，这是美国公共行政理论中管理主义发展的内在逻辑。%The U. S. managerialism of public administration theory has experienced four stages as the germination, formation, development and maturity. Positivism is the philosophy foundation of manage- rialism because the positivism provides methodology basis for managerialism and managerialism is the specific application by positivism in management domain. Managerialism in the U. S. public administra- tion theory was developed and perfected by the debate with constitutionalism, its theoretical model from simplification, one-sidely gradually shift complete diversified, systematic. Theoretical research by focusing on economic, efficiency value, both pay great attention to economy, efficiency value, and the value of Humanism is the internal logic of the U. S. managerialism of public administration theory.
Full Text Available The definitive characteristics of companies’ management and background have offered more or less convincing explanations for the fundamentals of their performances and competiveness. It was long studied the ability of managers and management teams of drawing “strategic lines” at national, regional, EU and world level. The future, instead, is at stake because of the crisis. All big companies experienced new managerial methods and models, more or less strategic, for the past two years. The present shows that those companies which resisted in front of the present realities of the market do not fit in the general strategic management. Already, often, the strategy does not excel one year. What preoccupies the specialists in human resources lately is the existent disequilibrium on the labor market and the crisis at all levels: moral crisis – spiritual crisis – financial crisis – economic crisis – social crisis, and on the needs to reduce costs with the human factor. Very few will be interested in indentifying their employees’ labor aspects. They examine human personality, with the purpose of completing their employees’ professional training and improvement, their performances and behavior at work, their individual results and those of the organization compared to competition… That seems to be enough, right?! But who is still interested in investigating the relation between the work results and the quality of life, the lifestyle, the personal satisfactions?
Jensen, Henrik; Foss, Nicolai Juul
"Managerial Meta-Knowledge, Uncertainty, and Adaptation: Governance Choice when Firms do not Know their Capabilities" Much research on economic organization (e.g., transaction cost economics) is based on an assumption that firms accurately know their own capabilities. In terms of what managers know...... warranted. We examine the implications for economic organization of less-than-perfect managerial meta-knowledge. Specifically, we show that imperfect managerial meta- knowledge is a cause of surprises in contractual relationships, affects the ability of coordinated adaptation, and an opportunism......-independent driver of ex post transaction costs. We discuss implications for efficient governance choice of imperfect managerial meta-knowledge. Our study contributes to the ongoing cross-fertilization between the knowledge-based view and transaction cost economics....
This qualitative study investigated ward managers' experiences of combining a clinical leadership role with the managerial and administrative parts of their job. Ward managers saw their main task as one of developing their staff and improving the quality of their service, yet found balancing their different roles problematic.
... employee records. OAPM administers the Ethics Program, and helps the Office of the Executive Director..., such as position management and pay administration; recruitment, placement, and staffing; performance...; procurement and contracting; property management; contract and lease administration; space acquisition...
Disappointing results and negative consequences of government reforms inspired by New Public Management (NPM) ideas have recently stimulated Public Administration scholars to develop alternative approaches to governance. Prominent alternatives in current debates are the Neo-Weberian State, Public Va
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DUBIN, SAMUEL S.; AND OTHERS
TO DETERMINE TRAINING NEEDS OF MANAGERIAL AND SUPERVISORY PERSONNEL IN PENNSYLVANIA BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY AND TO RECOMMEND METHODS OF MEETING THESE NEEDS, 3,620 TOP AND MIDDLE MANAGERS AND FIRST-LINE SUPERVISORS FROM 250 COMPANIES COMPLETED QUESTIONNAIRES. DATA ON COURSES NEEDED, EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND AND PLANS, KIND OF UPDATING USED, EDUCATIONAL…
Palacio, J P; Spears, M C; Vaden, A G; Dayton, A D
All areas of practice in hospital dietetic services include a management component; however, the nature of the managerial role in various areas of dietetic practice has not been identified clearly. The definition of dietetic practice in the Conceptual Framework for the Profession of Dietetics supports the importance of managerial skills. The effect of organizational level and practice area on managerial activities and roles of professional staff in hospital dietetic services was examined in this study. The nationwide sample included professionals in hospitals with 300+ beds. A total of 3,280 dietetic professionals participated. Five groups were defined: low administrative, low clinical, middle administrative, middle clinical, and upper administrative. Mintzberg identified 10 managerial roles and categorized them as interpersonal, informational, or decisional. The 10 roles were used as the basis for developing an 80-item instrument on which respondents rated each item for importance and time demand. Perceived importance of managerial activities tended to be greater at higher organizational levels. The managerial aspects of the lower clinical and upper administrative position were the most clearly defined. The lower clinical group tended to rate all of the managerial roles as significantly less important than did those in other positions; however, the middle clinical position included a substantial managerial responsibility.
Madsen, Jean; Reyes, Pedro
Findings of this study of the managerial behavior of special education principals are compared with findings of other studies of managerial behavior of elementary and secondary principals. Mintzberg's theoretical model of administrative behavior (1973) was applied to special education principals. Five structured observations were conducted with…
Muma, Richard D; Smith, Barbara; Somers, Patricia A
Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to measure the administrative activities of physician assistant (PA) department chairpersons as compared with Henry Mintzberg's model of managerial roles. The use of Mintzberg's model is unique in that it was developed from observations in the corporate setting but was applied here in an academic setting. Both PA department chairpersons (n = 77) and PA faculty (n = 94) identified Mintzberg's leader role as one that was used most by PA chairpersons and one that was viewed as most important as perceived by PA chairpersons and faculty. Both groups agreed that PA chairpersons were more concerned about functioning in the interpersonal realms of Mintzberg's managerial roles as opposed to the informational and decisional realms, and there was a great deal of unanimity about the perceived role use and importance of the roles in regard to the job of a PA chairperson. This finding was important according to Mintzberg's model because it is through leader role use that PA chairpersons can weld diverse elements into a cooperative enterprise (an important aspect of managing academic departments). Chairpersons and faculty were given the opportunity to identify other constructs not covered by Mintzberg's model in an effort to include other roles unique to PA education. Although a handful of roles were identified, when compared with Mintzberg's model, each one matched an existing role defined in the model. These data indicate that both chairpersons and faculty were in agreement with the way Mintzberg's model can describe PA chairperson roles.
The manager′s investment decisions is modeled when the manager is risk-averse and has stock options as compensation. It is found that the strike price of options is crucial to the investment incentives of managers, and that the correct value, or interval of values, of managerial stock option strike price can bring stockholder and manager interests in agreement.
Torres, Luis Eduardo; Ruiz, Carlos Enrique; Hamlin, Bob; Velez-Calle, Andres
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify what Colombians perceive as effective and least effective/ineffective managerial behavior. Design/methodology/approach: This study was conducted following a qualitative methodology based on the philosophical assumptions of pragmatism and the "pragmatic approach" (Morgan, 2007). The…
Bryk G. V.
Full Text Available Essence and value of the managerial reporting in the system of the informative providing of enterprises’ management are considered. Approaches of scientists for finding out of general and excellent lines in categories «managerial reporting» and «internal reporting» are represented. Necessity of forming at the level of separate subject of manage system of account after the centers of responsibility such as centers of profits, costs, income and investments are grounded. The properly attention of the procedure of budgeting activity of agricultural enterprise is spared. The basic types of financial and operating budgets, recommended for agricultural enterprise are represented. The concordance of the system of budgeting, with the system of accounting after the centers of financial responsibility of internal units of agrarian enterprise are grounded. The features of forming of the managerial reporting of agricultural enterprises taking into account the specific of its activity are represented. Forms and types of the managerial (internal reporting of the agrarian enterprises are analysed.
RUBÉN FERNÁNDEZ ORTIZ
Full Text Available The relevance of the perception of exports in the field of business management can have a key impact on the exporting behavior of SMEs. In particular, it can determine the decision to implement an export policy, as well as the policies applied to consolidate exports. This paper covers two main aspects. First, the extent to which managerial perceptions of exports affect the decision to export, and second, for these SMEs which are already exporters, we study the managerial perceptions that can help to consolidate their commitment to exports. To this aim, some scales based on structural equations to measure the perception of the advantages and disadvantages of exporting are developed and validated. Both analyses are carried out considering whether the SMEs involved are family businesses or not, so that the results obtained can also explain the potential impact of this fact.
Raluca Georgiana NASTASESCU
This study examines the association between managerial turnover and equity-based compensation. I investigate whether stock options act to bond executives to their firms and whether retention of managers is a motivation of companies in designing CEO incentive contracts. The results show that stock options do negatively influence the probability of a CEO leaving the company. The monetary cost of losing the value of equity-based compensation package keeps the manager with his company. I also fin...
Full Text Available The paper is focused on negotiation processes performed in a company and presents author’s concept of the description of the roles and functions accomplished by managers within those processes and being of significant importance from the point of view of negotiations’ outcomes. Such a concept aims at providing the analysis and conducting of business negotiations with effective support. Firstly (following introduction, the concept, types, and comprehensive model of such negotiations is presented as a useful methodological framework for specifying managerial roles and functions. Secondly, some classic concepts of those roles are reviewed, drawing special attention to the ones that concern negotiation process. Thirdly, general managerial functions within that process are described. Fourthly, those functions are precised by relating them to typical hierarchical levels. Fifthly, peculiar managerial functions within negotiating team are discussed. Finally, specific issue of the role of manager as a mediator is addressed. Summing up the paper, the crucial areas for subsequent research were pointed out. In order to elaborate the presented concept the author carried out the comparative study of negotiation literature as well as developed his original ideas.
Claudiu Marian Bunaiasu
Full Text Available The issue of teacher's managerial styles is unitary approached along with educational styles issue and institutional management styles issue, and is part of the class' managerial dimension. Comparative, educational and managerial styles (of the school manager have a theoretical history and benefit from validated techniques and tools, whereas teacher's managerial styles issue are about to gain consistency as part of the pedagogical literature, and present researches emphasize their roles in efficientizing didactic activity. The article Teacher's asserting premises and possibilities of efficient managerial styles is based on multiple specific sub- themes: a analysis of the key-concepts outlining theme's theoretical framework; b teacher's managerial styles typology; c conditions and modalities in order to efficientize managerial styles. Premises of the topic speech consist in: situationally approach the educational process, the relation between teacher's educational and managerial styles, references to a personal research regarding the outline of the constructive teacher's managerial styles. Based on these key-concepts and in accordance with the multidimensional approach (conditions, factors, modalities in order to outline and assert styles, possibilities and modalities are being analyzed in order to efficientize teacher's managerial styles.
Lundin, Edward.; Welty, Gordon
The rational model of classical economic theory assumes that the decision maker has complete information on alternatives and consequences, and that he chooses the alternative that maximizes expected utility. This model does not allow for constraints placed on the decision maker resulting from lack of information, organizational pressures,…
Full Text Available The base of this research was a comparative analyse of the international practices in the field, in order to identify the most important tendencies in public services management. Considering the results of this research, there were identified the foundamental principles of an intelligent management model for public management (subsidiarity, public value and deliberative governance. Starting from this point, we proposed a new intelligent management model applicable in romanian public sector, which can be structured into three major components: top management component (executive and deliberative, operational management component (back office and communication component (front level. As a case study, we focused in particullary on the water supply public service and we developed a methodology for projecting the front-office component starting from the necessity of optimising stakeholder satisfaction.
Flávio da Cunha Rezende
Full Text Available This article focuses on explanations for sequential faults in administrative reform. It deals with the limits of managerial adjustment in an approach that attempts to connect theory and empirical data, articulating three levels of analysis. The first level presents comparative evidence of sequential fault within reforms in national governments through a set of indicators geared toward understanding changes in the role of the state. In light of analyses of a representative set of comparative studies on reform implementation, the second analytical level proceeds to identify four typical mechanisms that are present in explanations on managerial adjustment faults. In this way, we seek to configure an explanatory matrix for theories on sequential fault. Next we discuss the experience of management reform in the Brazilian context, conferring special attention on one of the mechanisms that creates fault: the control dilemma. The major hypotheses that guide our article are that reforms lead to sequential fault and that there are at least four causal mechanisms that produce reforms: a transactions costs involved in producing reforms; b performance legacy; c predominance of fiscal adjustment and d the control dilemma. These mechanisms act separately or in concert, and act to decrease chances for a transformation of State managerial patterns. Major evidence that is analyzed in these articles lend consistency to the general argument that reforms have failed in their attempts to reduce public expenses, alter patterns of resource allocation, reduce the labor force and change the role of the State. Our major conclusion is that reforms fail sequentially and managerial adjustment displays considerable limitations, particularly those of a political nature.
Bruce M. Bird
Full Text Available This paper reports on the relationship between salary and a set of explanatory variables for a sample of enterprise (management accountants. In order to conduct the analysis, a sample was drawn from a large southeastern chapter of the Institute of Management Accountants (IMA. Based upon human capital theory and gender research, different groups of variables are regressed against salary for the 1 sample as a whole; 2 for those enterprise accountants with management status; and 3 for those enterprise accountants without managerial status. Each of the three hypotheses is partially supported. In addition, gender discrimination appears to be limited to non-managers.
The European manager‘s behavior must be flexible and adaptable to the behaviors of various employees of the enterprise. Its flexibility enables the manager to act efficiently in the current, so mobile environment
CARDOS ILDIKO REKA
Full Text Available Research theme Globalization and technological changes generates complexity both in the business environment and the accounting systems. Under these conditions managerial accounting needs to learn new practices in order to become an active consultant of management. Objectives: The main objective of this paper is to present how managerial accounting changed over the years in Romania. We intend to present how the managerial accounting system is implemented within Romanian organizations, to report the level of adoption of traditional practices, tools and techniques, to identify to what extent contemporary managerial accounting practices are implemented and used, and finally to identify whether managerial accounting information is useful for business decisions. Prior works: Over the years researchers from all over the world were interested in managerial accounting changes and innovations, in managerial accounting practices, tools and techniques adopted by organizations. On international level the study made by Pavlatos and Paggios (2009 and on national level the study made by Jinga et al (2010 represents the starting point of our study. Both research team conducted a study on managerial accounting practices and the utility of managerial accounting information and found out that managerial accounting information is useful for managers in the decision making process but traditional practices, tools and techniques are used to 'produce' this type of information. Design/methodology : An empirical study was conducted in 2010 within Romanian accounting professionals. A questionnaire was sent to a number of 1871 professionals members of The Body of Expert and Licensed Accountants of Romania regarding managerial accounting practices, tools and techniques adopted and implemented. Data obtained was processed and analyzed with the help of descriptive statistics. Results/findings - Romanian professionals consider that managerial accounting information is useful
Abraham, Steven E.; Karns, Lanny A.; Shaw, Kenneth; Mena, Manuel A.
Human resource managers (n=277) identified six management competencies as critical: leadership, customer focus, results orientation, problem solving, communication skills, and teamwork. However, many companies do not assess these competencies in the management performance appraisal process. (Contains 22 references.) (SK)
Administrative Circular No. 14 (Rev. 3) entitled “Protection of members the personnel against the financial consequences of illness, accident and incapacity for work”, approved by the Director-General following discussion at the Standing Concertation Committee meeting of 19 April 2012 and entering into force on 1 January 2013, is available on the intranet site of the Human Resources Department. This circular is applicable to all members of the personnel. It cancels and replaces Administrative Circular No. 14 (Rev. 2) entitled “Protection of members of the personnel against the financial consequences of illness, accident and disability” from July 2006. The circular was revised in order to improve the procedure before the Joint Advisory Rehabilitation and Disability Board (JARDB) and the management of long-term sick leave through a multidisciplinary approach launched upstream. The aim of this approach is to allow staff/fellows c...
This is a contemporary study of traits and skills for managerial leadership which applies a virtue theory approach from moral philosophy. A classification of virtues for leadership is proposed. Traits and skills as virtues are divided in four categories: general intellectual, specific intellectual, general moral and specific moral. The model is substantiated by an example of a detailed catalogue of virtues for managerial leadership.
J. Delfgaauw (Josse); A.J. Dur (Robert)
textabstractThe quality of public management is a recurrent concern in many countries. Calls to attract the economy's best and brightest managers to the public sector abound. This paper studies self-selection into managerial and non-managerial positions in the public and private sector, using a mode
The article is devoted to the research of preconditions and necessity of creation strategic managerial accounting in the accounting system of enterprise. There are investigated economic essence and assignment of strategic managerial accounting and substantiated its importance for making strategic decisions on an enterprise.
Nielsen, Poul Aaes
A central notion of performance management reform is that outcome-based accountability should be accompanied by increased managerial authority, thereby granting managers the flexibility to engineer performance-oriented change. Studies have revealed, however, that managerial authority does...... not follow automatically when performance management is adopted. This article examines whether increased managerial authority does indeed promote the effectiveness of performance management. The article relies on a 4-year panel on management and the performance of more than 45,000 students in 314 Danish...... schools and includes detailed socioeconomic controls, which allows for a differences-in-differences design. Unlike previous studies, these data provide simultaneous variation in both performance management reform and managerial authority. Testing four dimensions of managerial authority, the article finds...
Mello, James A.
The purpose of this single-site case study was to investigate the relationship between administrative personnel's reports of psychological capital (Luthans, Youssef, & Avolio, 2007) and their reports of job satisfaction (Hackman & Oldham, 1980). Specifically, two surveys, the Psychological Capital Questionnaire (Luthans, Youssef, &…
question guiding this effort is: What managerial challenges arise from having distributed knowledge within a firm and how does the manager’s knowledge of this knowledge matter for economic organization? The dissertation consists of three research papers, each exploring a dimension of the research question......When companies depend on knowledge distributed among employees, managers play a key role in establishing cooperation and coordination systems. This dissertation investigates the implications of managers’ knowledge about the knowledge and skills of employees for economic organization. The research....... The first paper investigates antecedents of coordination break-down and how teams differ in their ability to coordinate specialized knowledge and skills. The second paper provides a theoretical framework for theorizing about the role of managers’ knowledge about employees’ knowledge for economic...
Accompanied by economic globalization and international competition intensifies, the functions of accountant is no longer confined to accounting, but need to participate in decision-making and management. High-quality managerial accountant plays a key role in China’ s economic development, but the lack of staff managerial accountant presence, the construction of managerial accounting training system is not perfect and so on. Therefore, aim at management accounting problems existing in the talents training, the essay explores the countermeasures and suggestions to strengthen the construction of our country management accounting tal-ent cultivation system.%伴随着经济全球化和国际市场竞争的加剧，会计人员的职能不再局限于会计核算，而是需要参与决策和管理。高素质的管理会计人才对我国经济的发展起着关键的作用，然而我国存在管理会计人员匮乏，管理会计人员培养体系不健全等问题。因此，需要针对管理会计人才培养存在的问题，深入探讨加强我国管理会计人才培养体系建设的对策和建议。
Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 4) entitled "Categories of members of the personnel", approved by the Director-General following discussion in the Standing Concertation Committee meeting on 29 April 2016, will be available on 1 August 2016 via this following link. This revised circular cancels and replaces the Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 3) also entitled "Categories of members of the personnel" of September 2014. The main changes concern the status of apprentices and their transfer from the category of employed members of personnel to associated members of personnel. This circular will enter into force on 1 August 2016. Department Head Office
Veen, van der, M.Q.
The personnel of an organization often has seemingly conflicting goals. On the one hand, the common goal is to achieve operational efficiency and to be available for work when needed in the organization. On the other hand, individual employees like to have a good work-life balance, by having personal working hour preferences taken into account. We develop and apply Operations Research methods and tools and show that operational efficiency can be achieved while taking personnel preferences int...
Raluca Georgiana Nastasescu
Full Text Available This study analyzes the relationship between the mix of CEO equity-based compensation, namely stock options and restricted stock, and firms' risky investment. In general, the theory suggests that long-term compensation aligns CEOs' and shareholders' interests by inducing the managers to undertake risky investment, which has a positive impact on longterm well-being of the firm. However, as my results show, it is important to distinguish between types of awards since they can have different effects on the riskiness of the firm. In this respect, I answer the question how are different types of stock based compensation related to the executives' determination to increase or not the intensity of the firm's risky investment? I find that awarding the CEOs preponderantly with stock options positively affects the firm's level of R&D investment. Conversely, a higher proportion of restricted stock in the CEO's compensation is related to lower investment in (risky R&D. The inverse relation of causality also holds. Firms that make intensive R&D investments are more likely to award their CEOs with more stock options relative to restricted stock. Overall, the results are consistent with the theoretical prediction, in that the managerial compensation scheme plays an important role in determining the level of R&D investment.
Full Text Available A partnership between different sectors fundamentally becomes an essential strategic tool in pursuit of the growth in the quality of social life and thus a sustainable development of a state. The value created by collaborate activities of companies and institutions, while increasing the capacity to fulfil social needs, depends on managerial abilities of institutions. Subsequent to analysis of both theoretical and practical aspects of public–private partnership and its management, the research aims to present milestones pertaining to the development of the latter. The tasks for achieving goals are as follow: the analysis of the concept of public–private partnership, the examination of the partnership principles and forms, the analysis of management models, the study of legal and administrative partnership aspects, the evaluation of key partnership problems and the search of their solutions.
The Relationship Between the Educational Background and Managerial Experience of Senior Navy Medical Service Corps Executives (Health Care Administrators) and their Perceived Current and Required Management Capabilities.
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Full Text Available This article analyzes the links between imagination and human resource management. The concept imagination has received little scholarly attention within the field of management, despite its potential to inform a number of lines of inquiry. At the present time, much of the research literature on imagination is confined to the visual arts, literature, and education. Human resource (HR professionals could play a part in aligning employees with organizational goals and bring about organizational change if they developed their thinking in a more imaginative way. Developing managerial imagination can help solve the dilemmas and contradictions they face. A diagram is developed, which maps the development of the personnel function and offers four possibilities within a framework. They are biography, personal framing, history, and social structure. The outcome of this analysis provides a development of the personnel function one of which is a globally imaginative HR management. Within such a framework, the concept of “the imaginative performer” is discussed. The implications of combining imagination with management may provide a theoretical and practical way to understanding HR management.
Wade-Campbell, K N; Anderson, S C
This study investigated the relationship between work-related variables and perceived levels of burnout of therapeutic recreation personnel who work with long-term psychiatric patients in Veterans Administration hospitals. Subjects completed a three-part instrument composed of a demographic questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Work Environment Scale. Of the 511 subjects surveyed, 287 (56%) responded with usable questionnaires. The demographic, job- and profession-related variables were found to be significantly related to burnout. The eta values were somewhat low. The WES variables accounted for 20.9% of the variance in the burnout measures. The WES variables accounted for 20.9% of the variance in the burnout measures. The most salient relationships emerged between the emotional exhaustion and the depersonalization subscales and clarity, supervisor support, involvement, work pressure, autonomy, innovation, peer cohesion, task orientation and physical comfort. In comparison with other groups of human service professionals, therapeutic recreation personnel experienced low levels of emotional exhaustion, moderate levels of depersonalization, and somewhat lower levels of personal accomplishment.
Thian, Lok Boon; Alam, Gazi Mahabubul; Idris, Abdul Rahman
Purpose: Representing both "central university administration" and academics, deans are increasingly being confronted with the competing managerial and academic values. Being able to manage the competing values is pivotal to the success of a dean. However, there is dearth of research studying this. Considering the for-profit private…
Full Text Available Our study aims at identifying correlations between preferences and psycho-social choices of women entrepreneurs, more precisely the effect of these characteristics on a given managerial strategy. Based on the data obtained through the administration of two types of questionnaires, we analyzed the relations between social and psychological set of perceptions and managerial strategy. Social success and managerial performance are related with these perceptions and thus we can identify a significant conversion of mentalities determined by the governmental changes which took place in Eastern Europe after 1990. The data presented here are driven from the research conducted within the project ”Entrepreneurship and equality of chances. A inter-regional model of entrepreneurship training for women in western Romania”.
Kashfi, H.; Yazdani, A. R.; Latifi, M.; Shirani Bidabadi, F.
The purpose of this research is to study any effects of managerial strategies on prevention of ketosis metabolic disorder in transition period in Shahroud commercial dairy farms. For this purpose, a questionnaire was prepared in order to obtain required information about the performance of these managerial strategies, performance costs, involvement situation with disorders relying upon clinical signs and treatment and health records, producing and economic situation, and fertility rate and its costs. The considered managerial guidelines include body condition score management or type evaluation in transition period, increase in dry matter intake close to parturition, using propylene glycol, using niacin, and high-quality feeding (the importance of feed quality) in transition period. Finally and upon arrangement of data, it was possible to study any effects of mentioned managerial strategies on related variants through multiple linear regressions. Furthermore, in order to study any relation among variables, we considered Pearson correlation coefficients as well. Finally, it was revealed that any application of managerial strategies for prevention from Ketosis in transition period has a significant effect in betterment of managerial and economic parameters. PMID:23738102
Kashfi, H; Yazdani, A R; Latifi, M; Shirani Bidabadi, F
The purpose of this research is to study any effects of managerial strategies on prevention of ketosis metabolic disorder in transition period in Shahroud commercial dairy farms. For this purpose, a questionnaire was prepared in order to obtain required information about the performance of these managerial strategies, performance costs, involvement situation with disorders relying upon clinical signs and treatment and health records, producing and economic situation, and fertility rate and its costs. The considered managerial guidelines include body condition score management or type evaluation in transition period, increase in dry matter intake close to parturition, using propylene glycol, using niacin, and high-quality feeding (the importance of feed quality) in transition period. Finally and upon arrangement of data, it was possible to study any effects of mentioned managerial strategies on related variants through multiple linear regressions. Furthermore, in order to study any relation among variables, we considered Pearson correlation coefficients as well. Finally, it was revealed that any application of managerial strategies for prevention from Ketosis in transition period has a significant effect in betterment of managerial and economic parameters.
Veen, van der Egbert
The personnel of an organization often has seemingly conflicting goals. On the one hand, the common goal is to achieve operational efficiency and to be available for work when needed in the organization. On the other hand, individual employees like to have a good work-life balance, by having persona
Yina Magdaniel Socarras; José Sánchez González; Marlenis Ucrós Brito
The aim of this research is to analyze the competencies for managerial success in public services companies in the municipalities of Maicao and Riohacha, Guajira Department, in Colombia. The study is based on research of Hellriegel, Koontz (2013), among others. It was framed in a descriptive research and quantitative approach. The results show that managers have basic administrative and managerial skills to achieve success in the companies under the study. However, there are weaknesses in the...
This chapter explores how coaching equips managers and supervisors to be successful in the 21st-century workplace. Coaching has benefited these professionals by providing them with viable tools to enhance the leadership and managerial tools they already possess.
Managerialism is the overwhelming theoretical genre in the history of public administration. The efficiency orientation of Managerialism has a profound influence on public administration in both theory and practice. This article presents the development approaches,meaning,and deficiencies of Managerialism in public administration,trying to recognize and comment on it more comprehensively.%管理主义是在行政学史上占有主流地位的理论流派。无论在理论上还是实践中，管理主义的效率取向都对行政管理的发展产生了深远的影响。文章论述了行政管理中管理主义的发展路径、内涵和缺陷，以期较为全面地认识和评价行政管理中的管理主义。
Pestana Barros, Carlos, E-mail: Cbarros@iseg.utl.pt [Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, Technical University of Lisbon Rua Miguel Lupi, 20, 1249-078 Lisbon (Portugal); UECE - Research Unit on Complexity and Economics, Technical University of Lisbon Rua Miguel Lupi, 20, 1249-078 Lisbon (Portugal); Sequeira Antunes, Olinda, E-mail: email@example.com [Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, Technical University of Lisbon Rua Miguel Lupi, 20, 1249-078 Lisbon (Portugal); UECE - Research Unit on Complexity and Economics, Technical University of Lisbon Rua Miguel Lupi, 20, 1249-078 Lisbon (Portugal)
This paper analyzes ownership and unobserved managerial ability as factors affecting the performance of a representative sample of Portuguese wind farms by means of frontier models. These farms are ranked according to their technical efficiency during the period 2004-2008 and homogenous and heterogeneous variables are disentangled in the cost function, which leads us to advise the implementation of common policies as well as policies by segments. Economic implications arising from the study are also considered. - Research Highlights: > Wind farms are heterogeneous displaying distinct ownership and managerial characteristics that affect efficiency. > Managerial practices has a positive impact on the efficiency. > Ownership has a positive impact on the efficiency. Large wind farms are more efficient.
Kaluzny, A D; McLaughlin, C P; Jaeger, B J
TQM is a managerial innovation that is likely to have profound consequences on the delivery of health services. As an innovation, it is important that attention be given to the fundamental research issues associated with implementation and impact. Using a variance and process perspective, selected research issues are identified within organizations and among work units within these organizations. The variance perspective at both the organizational and work unit level considers the explanation of impact and adoption at a particular point in time. The process perspective considers the particular steps or events in the overall adoption process. The managerial implications for each perspective are discussed.
A.W.A. Boot; A.V. Thakor
We examine the design of control rights of external financiers, and how these interact with the firm's security issuance and capital structure when the firm's initial owners and managers may disagree with new investors over project choice. The first main result is an ex ante managerial preference fo
Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 2) entitled “Categories of members of the personnel”, approved by the Director-General following discussion at the Standing Concertation Committee meeting of 11 May 2012 and entering into force on 1 January 2013, is available on the intranet site of the Human Resources Department. This circular is applicable to all members of the personnel. It cancels and replaces Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 1) entitled “Categories of members of the personnel” of January 1997 as regards all contracts of members of the personnel issued on or after 1 January 2013. The circular was revised in order to take into account developments since the last revision of the categories of personnel in 1997 as well as the needs of the Organization and collaborating institutes. In particular, it introduces a new system for distinguishing categories of associated members of the personnel, namely with regard to the purpo...
Bingley, Paul; Westergård-Nielsen, Niels Chr.
personnel structure variation. It is found that personnel policy is strongly related to economic performance. At the margin, more hires are associated with lower profit, and more separations with higher profit. For the average firm, one new job, all else equal, is associated with ?2680 (2000 prices) lower......There is a growing awareness of large differences in worker turnover and pay between firms. However, there is little knowledge about the effects of this on firm performance. This paper describes how personnel policies with respect to pay, tenure and worker flows are related to economic performance...... annual profit. Higher wage level and lower wage growth is associated with higher profit. A workforce that has less tenure, all else equal, is more profitable....
This paper analyses the role of rankings as an instrument of new managerialism. It shows how rankings are reconstituting the purpose of universities, the role of academics and the definition of what it is to be a student. The paper opens by examining the forces that have facilitated the emergence of the ranking industry and the ideologies…
K-C. Yu (Ko-Chia)
textabstractExecutive compensation has been a central point of debates for the past 20 years, both in the academic circle and in Wall Street Journal. Have shareholders paid too much to the CEOs, or are the pay packages necessary for recruiting and keeping managerial talents? Are the structures of th
This study was a phenomenological narrative research investigating the managerial roles of elementary charter school principals. Managerial leadership practices were investigated under three categories personnel management, student management, and finance management. Elementary charter school principals provided positive feedback for having small…
Full Text Available At the present, the focus on management and corporate governance of banks will play an ever more crucial role given the prevailing importance of banking institutions as a source of finance for the corporate sector. Improved board structures, administrative procedures and disclosure requirements could result in better-governed banks, which are more likely to allocate investments proficiently. Therefore, a strong corporate governance can be an important pillar for banking organizations assets, because effective boards of directors complement the regulatory oversight. Efforts to promote good corporate governance in financial institutions face a number of challenges. One is getting the most innovative and experienced people to serve on bank’s boards and management, given the complexity of the business environment and new financial products. This requires also finding competent leaders who also understand new business opportunities and their risks, have a healthy scepticism and take decisions quickly. Regulatory and supervisory frameworks alone cannot guarantee financial stability. Effective corporate governance, change management approaches and innovative managerial skills can act as a first line of defence for banks and financial institutions, against any impending crisis and unethical business practices.
A.W.A. Boot; A.V. Thakor
In this paper we address two related puzzles: (i) why do firms issue equity when stock prices are high and (ii) why do firms so often not issue securities to counteract the mechanical effect of their stock returns on their leverage ratios? Our theory builds on the importance of managerial autonomy i
Knoppers, Annelies; Anthonissen, A.
The lack of women in senior management functions in sport may in part be attributed to dominant discursive managerial practices in sport organizations. The purpose of this study is to explore ways in which the discourses and their subtexts used by directors of Dutch national sport organizations to t
Calcagno, R.; Renneboog, L.D.R.
We show that the relative seniority of debt and managerial compensation has important implications on the design of remuneration contracts.Whereas the traditional literature assumes that debt is senior to remuneration, we show that this is frequently not the case according to bankruptcy regulation a
GeBaoshan; YaoMeifang; ZhaoBaohua; DavidKelly
Institutional innovations are more important than technical ones and functional innovations than methodological ones. What kind of managerial system is qualified to adapt itself to today's ever-changing environment for its performance? Following the principle of keeping up with the era's advancing pace,
Bogotch, Ira E.; And Others
School managerial control is derived from perceptions of behavioral interactions between teachers and administrators along two dimensions: regular patterns of rules; and discretionary behaviors reflecting the quality of managerial performance. Analyzes interactive effects of these dimensions across four control processes within curriculum and…
Deegan, William L.; And Others
Japanese management theory was studied to identify specific models for consideration by student personnel administrators. The report is organized into three sections: major components of Japanese management theory, potential implications for student personnel administration, and three models, based on components of Japanese management theory, for…
Department Head Office - HR Department
Administrative Circular No. 13 (Rev. 4) entitled "Guarantees for representatives of the personnel", approved by the Director-General following discussion in the Standing Concertation Committee meeting on 22 March 2016, will be available on 1st September 2016 via the following link: https://cds.cern.ch/record/2208527. This revised circular cancels and replaces Administrative Circular No. 13 (Rev. 3) also entitled "Guarantees for representatives of the personnel" of January 2014. This document contains a single change to reflect the terminology under the new career structure: the term "career path" is replaced by "grade". This circular will enter into force on 1st September 2016.
YougenLi; XipingZhao; JianfangGeng
We use structural equation technique to test four hypothesis relationships between the managerial pay and firm performance. Data from 208 Chinese listed companies is used, the evidence supports Hypothesis 3. It opens out that ownership concentration affects firm performance indirectly through managerial pay, and illustrates managerial pay is a valid mechanism in corporate governance to motivate manager to maximize firm's performance.At the same time, we find ownership concentration is negative to managerial pay, while IPO time and registration areas are positive to managerial pay obviously. It suggests that finding a correct solution to management incentive is the key to improve firm performance.
Rodela, E S
Mintzberg proposed that managers at all levels enact ten roles. There is, however, a relative importance ascribed to the various roles given the manager's location in the hierarchy. Like Mintzberg's ideas on the utility of ten roles, we found that managers at all levels, to varying degrees, need the three skills proposed by Katz. We have argued that a variety of roles and skills describe what managers do. At the same time, the predominance of one role or skill over another may be influenced by the location of the manager in the hierarchy. The question is not whether roles would be enacted at different levels or whether skills will be required, but whether one role or skill or a set of roles and skills will be predominant for the first-line supervisor. The first-line supervisor's work requires that he or she be predominantly proficient in the areas of human and technical skills in order to fulfill supervisory responsibilities. Current empirical research supports this assertion; however, the continuing study of managerial roles and skills and other variables such as functional specialty will offer other opportunities for the study of first-line supervisors. For example, will the predominance of the roles and skills that we have discussed vary if the supervisor is a line or staff manager or if the supervisor works in a production or service related organization? Organizations adapt to change to meet the expectations of those within and outside the organization with something at stake. Organizations need managers to facilitate the realization of organizational goals, so organizations need to continuously train managers, targeting appropriate roles and skills given each manager's location in the hierarchy. The preceding pages should provide resource materials to individuals and organizations interested in evaluating and designing the training and development of first-line supervisors. This roles-and-skills information can be productively utilized to assist the
Hanson, H A; Chater, S
The relationship between interest in management roles and personality, demographic, and career background characteristics of 122 female nurses was investigated. The study tested the proposition that women in nursing seek roles within the profession that permit the expression of their personalities. The subjects, first-quarter master's degree students, were classified into management or non-management groups, based upon their scores on the business management scale of the Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory (SCII). Results of a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) for unequal N's showed significant group differences on seven of the 11 scales of the Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI). Findings indicated that those who exhibited managerial interests were more practical-minded, sociable, conforming, dominant, expressive, and had more occupational interests than those who did not demonstrate such interest. Women lacking managerial interests showed a greater preference for "feminine," low-status occupations. No significant group differences were found on any of the 19 demographic and career background variables.
Ion Gh. Rosca; George Moldoveanu
The paper proposes the measurement of managerial and functional capabilities of the organization, as the dimensions of managerial potential, based on the configurative theory and not on the reductionist one. The components of the managerial potential are fulfilled by the capability of building organizational culture, managerial change and defining equity as the proximate type of social responsibility. The components are described in relation with the socio-economic model, useful in the proces...
Administrative Circular No. 13 (Rev. 3) entitled “Guarantees for representatives of the personnel”, approved by the Director-General following discussion at the Standing Concertation Committee meeting of 5 December 2013 and entering into force on 1 January 2014, is available on the intranet site of the Human Resources Department (see here). This circular is applicable to all members of the personnel. It cancels and replaces Administrative Circular No. 13 (Rev. 2) entitled “Guarantees for members of the personnel holding representative office” of November 1992. The circular was revised in order to adapt the time given to the representatives of the personnel to perform their elective mandate and to ensure more transparency in their activities, by indicating, inter alia, the percentage of time worked in the framework of their mandate, as well as the training, activities and ensuing results. Department Head Office HR Department
Lizunkov, Vladislav Gennadyevich; Marchuk, Veronika Ivanovna; Malushko, Elena Yurievna; Maletina, Oksana Andreevna; Zavyalova, Anastasia Vyacheslavovna
The paper deals with problems relating to orientation of the market economy with reference to development of economic and managerial competencies by bachelors after graduating from engineering higher schools to meet employers’ requirements, through implementing the Federal State Education Standards (FSES) of the third generation. The case study: training programs for the bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering at Yurga Institute of Technology (Affiliate) of National Research Tomsk Polytec...
Lizunkov Vladislav G.; Minin Michail G.; Malushko Elena Y.; Medvedev Valentin E.
The paper deals with the development problems of economic and managerial competencies of bachelors after graduating from engineering higher schools to meet employers’ requirements, through implementing the Federal State Education Standards (FSES) of the third generation. The case study is conducted on the basis of training programs for the bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering at Yurga Institute of Technology (Affiliate) of National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University. The list of eco...
Lizunkov Vladislav G.
Full Text Available The paper deals with the development problems of economic and managerial competencies of bachelors after graduating from engineering higher schools to meet employers’ requirements, through implementing the Federal State Education Standards (FSES of the third generation. The case study is conducted on the basis of training programs for the bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering at Yurga Institute of Technology (Affiliate of National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University. The list of economic and managerial competencies for bachelors in mechanical engineering is specified according to the third generation FSES, enlarged with new competences based on surveys and analyses after questioning employers. The criteria and indicators are described to identify maturity levels in terms of economic and managerial competencies for bachelors. A structural and functional model for training mechanical engineering bachelors has been tested in the implementation of the bachelor’s degree courses in "Mechanical engineering" at Yurga Institute of Technology (Affiliate of National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, in the period from 2011 to 2015.
Bakhtina, Olga Yurevna; Kirillov, Andrey Vladimirovich; Matyash, Sergey Askoldovich; Urzha, Olga Aleksandrovna
The main approaches for development of assessment technology of higher education institution's administrative personnel are considered in this article. Alongside with it the following is defined: purposes, formation principles, indicators and criteria of the assessment system, rating scale, the procedure and order of assessment process of higher…
It is difficult to discuss the expertise needed to effectively manage multiunit health care corporations without examining the different work settings that comprise these organizations. This paper presents a framework to systematically describe the necessary tasks in multiunit corporations. Specific skills and knowledge areas are then described that may be missing from health administration programs' curricula.
CARDOS Ildiko Reka
Full Text Available In the last years many organizations realized that market orientation is essential to their success. Satisfying the needs of customers, offering them products and services which meet their desires and demands, customer loyalty can increase profitability for long term. After analyzing the existing journal literature in this field we would like to emphasize that managerial accounting, cost calculation methods and techniques, the analysis of costs provides relevant information when analyzing the customer’s profitability. We pay special attention on cost systems. An activity based costing approach takes customer profitability to new levels of accuracy and usefulness, provides the basis for creating, communicating and delivering value to the customers.
Oswald, Frederick L.
The critical importance of understanding, selecting, and developing global management talent--management operating within internationally diverse interpersonal and situational contexts--has emerged from the increasing globalization of business and the concomitant high rates of immigration, emigration, and expatriation. With an awareness of this…
Full Text Available Groups and teams represent a common way for organizing the work in any organization. In order to benefit from their advantages, managers should know the particularities of different types of groups and teams which are or can be used in organizations. Thus, in the present paper we first present the main forms of authority in organization, respectively the organizational relationship, due to the fact that they will mainly influence the effectiveness of work groups and work teams. Then, we emphasize the characteristics of different types of groups and teams in organizational context, the reasons for their use and the management issues that can occur.
Full Text Available New technologies have led to a new information and knowledge based economy. In this context, technology has changed the work environment, where organisations have become increasingly complex and competitive. Namely, the technologically induced a “virtual” environment has resulted in the adoption of new organisational structures and work skills and practices. On the one hand, the workplace increasingly requires employee to work in teams,collaborating across companies, communities, and continents. These changes and the new organisational structures have also made an impact on role of managers and their management styles, on the other hand. In line with this, there a very rich collection of thinking and empirical research findings on the subject. The goal of our research was to recognize the importance of certain factors in motivating employees in organisations by managers . The other purpose was to investigate the job related motivation factors among senior and junior employees as well as explore issues in the workplace that may affect work demoralization. Furthemore, we explored the relationship between employees motivation and their competences.We also contributed to the topic in our research project-book with the new model of competency. Furthemore, we expect that our methodology will be implemented in practice. However, it should be also a good basis for further improvements in this area.
in different countries operating different economic and social models. Characterizing CMMI in this way opens the door to another question: are there other sets of organisational and management assumptions which would be better suited to other types of organisations operating in other cultural contexts?...
Byrne, A.; Clacher, I.; Hillier, D.; Hodgson, A.
We analyse the extent to which managers exercise discretion under fair value accounting and the value relevance of these disclosures. Utilising a sample of firms that apply the UK fair value pension accounting standard, (FRS-17), we examine the main determinants of the assumptions managers use to ar
Stolz, Steven A.
MacIntyre's earlier work and concern with social science enquiry not only exposes its limits, but also provides an insight into how its knowledge claims have been put to ideological use. He maintains that the institutional embodiment of these ideological ideas is the bureaucratic manager who has had a negative role to play in social structures…
Full Text Available The paper represents an analysis in the domain of the social insurances for health care. It emphasizesthe necessity and the opportunity of creating in Romania a medical service market based on the competingsystem. In Romania, the social insurances for health care are at their very beginning. The development of thedomain of the private insurances for health care is prevented even by its legislation, due to the lack of anormative act that may regulate the management of the private insurances for health care. The establishment ofthe legislation related to the optional insurances for health care might lead to some activity norms for thecompanies which carry out optional insurances for health care. The change of the legislation is made in order tocreate normative and financial opportunities for the development of the optional medical insurances. Thischange, as part of the social protection of people, will positively influence the development of the medicalinsurance system. The extension of the segment of the optional insurances into the medical insurance segmentincreases the health protection budget with the value of the financial sources which do not belong to thebudgetary funds.
Full Text Available The paper represents an analysis in the domain of the social insurances for health care. It emphasizes the necessity and the opportunity ofcreating in Romania a medical service market based on the competing system. In Romania, the social insurances for health care are at their verybeginning. The development of the domain of the private insurances for health care is prevented even by its legislation, due to the lack of a normativeact that may regulate the management of the private insurances for health care. The establishment of the legislation related to the optional insurancesfor health care might lead to some activity norms for the companies which carry out optional insurances for health care. The change of the legislationis made in order to create normative and financial opportunities for the development of the optional medical insurances. This change, as part of thesocial protection of people, will positively influence the development of the medical insurance system. The extension of the segment of the optionalinsurances into the medical insurance segment increases the health protection budget with the value of the financial sources which do not belong tothe budgetary funds.
Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 3) entitled “Categories of members of the personnel”, approved by the Director-General following discussion at the Standing Concertation Committee meeting of 3 July 2014 and entering into force on 1 September 2014, is available on the intranet site of the Human Resources Department. This circular is applicable to all members of the personnel. It cancels and replaces Administrative Circular No. 11 (Rev. 2) entitled “Categories of members of the personnel” of January 2013. The circular was revised in order to include a minor adjustment of the determination of required period of break in the payment of subsistence allowance to certain categories of associated members of the personnel (taking account of possible technical means of control). Furthermore, the possibility of traineeships of long duration was restricted to cases in which the traineeship is awarded pursuant to an agreement between CERN and a...
Lucica SINTEA (ANGHEL
Full Text Available Constanta County represents a very strong economic force in Romania, but also in the European continent in general. Thus, Constanta, is facing numerous problems. The negative factors that have influenced Constanta County are mainly internal. Due to its position by the Black Sea, the County is also influenced by all international political events, by the decrease of the cereals in commodities exchanges, by the oil prices or the fluctuation of the exchange rate. However, most risks have emerged because of the managerial strategies implemented by companies or the state policy on the protection of national wealth. Our welfare, at micro and macroeconomic level, depends on administrative policies.
Full Text Available In today’s society, knowledge management is recognized as the most important key positions in individual and institutionalsuccess. Those individuals who know the ways how to obtain, share, use and store knowledge contribute to the developmentof society individually as well as institutionally. For this reason, the importance of applying knowledge management ineducation is growing. Particularly, the subject of the degree of how effective is the implementation of knowledgemanagement has gained the interest in the educational system of North Cyprus in the recent years. This study is designed tolight upon the related subject The aim of this study is to determine ad compare knowledge management competencies ofprimary school administrators in education in the districts of Northern Cyprus and parallel to primary school teachers withthe relation to studies and perceptions of teachers and their applications that have been viewed appropriate and in facteffective. Total number of the population is 88 official primary schools in Northern Cyprus.
Brown, Sidney E.; Ladawan, Tawil
The relationship between perceived satisfaction with leadership in selected organizational processes and managerial philosophies of subordinates and superordinates was investigated using the Managerial Philosophies Scale and the Diagnostic Survey for Leadership Improvement (which were administered to 66 department heads and 186 members of one…
van Hoorn, A.A.J.
In a globalizing world, cross-national differences in values and business culture and understanding these differences become increasingly central to a range of managerial issues. Studies of cultural (dis)similarities in the values of managers (so-called managerial values) and the development of a un
Renneboog, L.D.R.; Trojanowski, G.
We simultaneously analyze two mechanisms of the managerial labor market: CEO turnover and monetary remuneration schemes.Sample selection models and hazard analyses applied to a random sample of 250 firms listed on the London Stock Exchange over a six-year pre-Cadbury period show that managerial remu
Today, information resource has become an important wealth in all sectors. The establishment of an information system at all levels to meet the information processing requirements of various departments has become an important factor which a corporation or an organization can survive and develop for. Corporation personnel management system came into being. This paper focuses on the special needs of corporation personnel management, detailed analysis the features of personnel management system, and then designed and realized the corporation personnel management system.%今天,信息资源已经成为各个部门的重要财富.建立一个满足各级部门信息处理要求的行之有效的信息系统也成为一个企业或者组织生存和发展的重要条件,企业人事管理系统应运而生. 本文着眼于企业人事管理的特殊需求,详细分析了人事管理系统的特点,设计并实现了企业人事管理系统.
Professionalism and managerialism are important and conflicting concepts in the study of professionals working in public service organizations. By focusing on street-level social workers and social work discretion, it is possible to see how welfare-to-work policies are practiced as well as how...... organizational articulations opens or closes for discretion in social work. This paper seeks on an empirical basis to account for how management organizes, supervises and seeks control over social work discretion and, consequently, influences the discretionary powers of social workers in a Danish municipality...... working with clients who are unfit for work or work market as a result of ill health. In Denmark the local municipal Job Centre is the primary service delivery involved in welfare-to-work. Here values, interest and policies, transformed into rules and regulation, meet the concrete practices of welfare-to-work...
Cheliotis, Leonidas K
Unlike the bulk of penological scholarship dealing with managerialist reforms, this article calls for greater theoretical and research attention to the often pernicious impact of managerialism on criminal justice professionals. Much in an ideal-typical fashion, light is shed on: the reasons why contemporary penal bureaucracies endeavor systematically to strip criminal justice work of its inherently affective nature; the structural forces that ensure control over officials; the processes by which those forces come into effect; and the human consequences of submission to totalitarian bureaucratic milieus. It is suggested that the heavy preoccupation of present-day penality with the predictability and calculability of outcomes entails the atomization of professionals and the dehumanization of their work. This is achieved through a kaleidoscope of direct and indirect mechanisms that naturalize and/or legitimate acquiescence.
Capitan, James H.; And Others
This paper discusses teacher absenteeism via a 1978 preliminary study of 90 school systems by the American Association of School Personnel Administrators. The major causes of employee absenteeism, cited by the participating personnel directors, were (1) personal illness, (2) illness in the family, (3) personal leave days, (4) emergencies, (5)…
Full Text Available Auditor independence is associated with the independence of the internal/external auditor from various parties who may have some financial interest in the business being audited. Many countries have set up different rules forcing firms to change their auditors every few years. This helps business retain healthy business. This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the effect of change in auditing system on 90 selected firms from Tehran Stock Exchange over the period 2007-2011. Using a regression model developed earlier by Demerjian et al. (2012a [Demerjian, P. R., Lev, B., Lewis, M. F., & McVay, S. E. (2012a. Managerial ability and earnings quality. The Accounting Review, 88(2, 463-498.], the study determines a positive impact of change in auditor system on business development.
Statistical and Managerial Techniques for Six Sigma Methodology examines the methodology through illustrating the most widespread tool and techniques involved in Six Sigma application. Both managerial and statistical aspects of Six Sigma will be analyzed, allowing the reader to apply these tools in the field. This book offers an insight on variation and risk management, and focuses on the structure and organizational aspects of the Six Sigma projects. It covers six sigma methodology, basic managerial techniques, basic statistical techniques, methods for variation and risk management and advanc
Office of Personnel Management — Security file-related information for the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM)'s employee and contractor personnel. The data is OPM-specific, not government-wide.
Internal and external observation and criticism, Progressive ideology, and the Second Industrial Revolution influenced the United States Army to...reforms. The second section reviews the administrative modifications during the “Managerial Revolution ” prior to and following the Spanish -American War...continued to support rationalist reforms to modernize the army along the lines of industry during the Managerial Revolution , reforms that still
Luning, P.A.; Marcelis, W.J.
This book describes Food Quality Management in one integrated concept. Firstly, all relevant aspects of food quality management are brought into one model, which forms the framework for this book. Secondly, the authors introduce the techno-managerial approach. This approach starts from the idea that
Berger, Johannes; Herbertz, Claus; Sliwka, Dirk
This paper investigates the effects of managerial incentives on favoritism in promotion decisions. First, we theoretically show that favoritism leads to a lower quality of promotion decisions and in turn lower efforts. But the effect can be mitigated by pay-for-performance incentives for managers who decide upon promotion. Second, we analyze matched employer-employee survey data with detailed firm level information on managerial incentive schemes and find that perceived promotion quality is i...
Full Text Available In many countries tax incentives are a popular means of realizing political, economic and social objectives. The main motive of their application is often to achieve and accelerate the selected activities in the public interest and also stimulate development of industry, and induce growth in research and investment. The key element that helps a company achieve a competitive advantage is innovation. Global competition forces the production of unique products and services. Tax incentives in science, research and development are important in stimulating innovation. The purpose of this article is to show the level of managerial awareness about R&D tax incentives, the level of R&D tax incentive usage by companies in Poland, and main obstacles that managers meet with R&D tax incentives in practice. We explore R&D tax incentives as a government instrument on R&D management and aim to find the reasons why Polish companies do not take advantage of them. We examine 275 companies using a semi-structured questi onnaire. Our findings suggest that many firms report lack of knowledge about such incentives, and firms find many obstacles to reach all of the requirements which are necessary to use the incentive. Due to our analysis we find that large firms, especially those that implement innovation, are more likely to use the tax incentives, but small and medium sized companies find more obstacle. The effect of this tax policy is significant mainly in large, high-tech sector firms.
Woodcock, Barry E.
Presents a study to determine characteristic oral and written business communication problems of selected managerial trainees and to assess whether the problems defined by these trainees were those recognized by their immediate supervisors and secretaries. (JMF)
van Oudenhoven, JP; Mechelse, L; de Dreu, CKW
This research deals with managerial conflict management in Denmark, United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Spain, and Belgium. According to Hofstede (1991). these countries' cultures differ primarily in terms of uncertainty avoidance, power distance, and masculinity-femininity. The differences in uncertai
Detert, James R; Treviño, Linda K; Burris, Ethan R; Andiappan, Meena
The authors studied the effect of 3 modes of managerial influence (managerial oversight, ethical leadership, and abusive supervision) on counterproductivity, which was conceptualized as a unit-level outcome that reflects the existence of a variety of intentional and unintentional harmful employee behaviors in the unit. Counterproductivity was represented by an objective measure of food loss in a longitudinal study of 265 restaurants. After prior food loss and alternative explanations (e.g., turnover, training, neighborhood income) were controlled for, results indicated that managerial oversight and abusive supervision significantly influenced counterproductivity in the following periods, whereas ethical leadership did not. Counterproductivity was also found to be negatively related to both restaurant profitability and customer satisfaction in the same period and to mediate indirect relationships between managerial influences and distal unit outcomes.
Full Text Available Hospitals are using more sophisticated and comprehensive management information systems to implement multiple strategic policies towards water cost saving and water quality enhancement. However, they do not always achieve the intended strategic goals. This paper analyzes how managerial styles interact with sophisticated management information systems to achieve different water strategic priorities. How proactive vs. reactive managerial styles moderate the effects of management information systems on water cost saving and water quality enhancement is analyzed. Relationships are explored using data collected from 122 general services directors in Spanish public hospitals. The findings show a positive effect of sophisticated management information systems on the achievement of water policies focused on cost saving and quality enhancement. Results also show a different moderated effect of managerial styles; thus, sophisticated management information systems with a proactive managerial style facilitate managers to achieve better water quality policies rather than water cost saving policies.
Van Scheers, Louise; Adesoga, Adefulu; Johan, Botha
The paper determines the managerial skills training needs of Retail and Wholesale industry in Tshwane area of Gauteng. Several researches identified range of problem with retail and wholesale businesses emanating from lack of managerial skills without identifying the lacking skills. Survey research method was adopted. The population of study was the retail and wholesale businesses in Tshwane area of Gauteng from which sample were selected using multistage and convenience sampling technique. Q...
Renneboog, L.D.R.; Trojanowski, G.
We simultaneously analyze two mechanisms of the managerial labor market: CEO turnover and monetary remuneration schemes.Sample selection models and hazard analyses applied to a random sample of 250 firms listed on the London Stock Exchange over a six-year pre-Cadbury period show that managerial remuneration and the termination of labor contracts play an important role in mitigating agency problems between managers and shareholders.We find that both the CEO's industry-adjusted monetary compens...
Full Text Available International activities of small and medium enterprises (SMEs constitutean important research area. To understand this phenomenon,researchers employ different theoretical perspectives. Among them, theresource-based theory has been given much attention. In this studythree managerial factors: managerial attitude toward internationalization,internationalization knowledge and international experience, areseen as examples of the firm’s intangible assets. The objectives of thisstudy are twofold. First, it aims to examine the significance of thementioned managerial resources for smes’ internationalization. Second,it verifies the relationship between the level of the firm’s internationalizationand performance. The study is based on a sample ofhighly-internationalized Slovenian companies. According to the findings,managerial attitudes towards internationalization and internationalizationknowledge are significantly related to the level of SMEinternationalization. The statistical analysis also provides support forthe relationship between the level of the firm’s internationalization andperformance.
@@ 1.Introduction Many new businesses are opened in the whole world every day.Unfortunately,only a minor part of them has success and continues its activity.There is a variety of reasons which determine the hankruptcy of companies.Most of them are included in running a business,and more and more people come to realize the significance of management,especially personnel management,as personnel represents the relationship between people in the company,which is a key point for the development of enterprise.
Full Text Available The Slovenian post-privatisation period has been characterised by a decline in the ownership by non-managerial owners (employees and state-controlled funds. On the other hand, domestic and foreign non-financial firms, Privatisation Investment Funds and managers have been increasing their holdings. The latter, namely the growing managerial ownership, is likely to feature in future ownership dynamics in Slovenia. In fact, in 2002 the desired (optimal ownership stakes estimated by Slovenian managers were 10.8 percentage points higher than their actual stakes. The aim of our paper is to describe the main trends in the ownership of Slovenian corporations in the post-privatisation period and to provide an answer to the basic economic question: what is the influence of the ongoing consolidation of managerial ownership on the performance of Slovenian firms. The empirical analysis testing this relationship is based on a panel of 182 Slovenian firms in the 1995-99 period and does not provide relevant evidence of any positive effects of the increasing managerial control on Slovenian firms’ performance. If any, a positive incentive effect is only observed in those firms whose managers’ holdings exceed 10-percent, only with regards to firms’ financial performance (but not total factor productivity and only in firms that are not listed on the capital market. Further, the negative effect of the current gap between the desired and actual managerial ownership seems to exceed any positive incentive effect arising out of managerial ownership
汉业旭; 王晓燕; 张建; 梁立智; 关丽征; 宋晓霞; 焦峰
Objective To know about evaluation difference and the cause of it between hospital administrator and medical personnel on doctor-patient relationship. Methods Questionnaire survey was used to investigate 114 hospital administrators and 378 medical personnel, and the result was analyzed by statistical techniques. Results There are statistical significance between hospital administrator and medical personnel in terms of their evaluation difference on doctor-patient relationship, and the evaluation difference is relevant to their life satisfaction and work experience. Conclusion The difference in working principle between hospital administrator and medical personnel is the key issue in the evaluation difference on doctor-patient relationship; hospital administrator needs to strengthen the management theory of humanism, manage the hospitar scientifically , as well as pursue high medical quality, and build up a strong foundation for hospital, construct a harmonious relationship between doctors and patients.%目的 了解医院行政管理人员与医护人员对医患关系的总体评价,探究其差异产生的原因.方法 对北京市5家三级甲等医院114名医院行政管理人员和378名医护人员进行问卷调查,运用秩和检验、Logistic回归等方法对其结果进行统计学分析.结果 医院行政管理人员与医务人员对医患关系的评价存在差异,具有统计学意义;差异产生的原因与他们的生活满意度和工作总体感受相关.结论 医院行政管理人员与医护人员对医患关系评价的差异与其各自的岗位特点有直接关系;医院行政管理需加强人本管理理念,科学管理医院,同时追求更高的医疗质量,打造坚实的医院品牌,构建和谐的医患关系.
Palacio, J P; Spears, M C; Vaden, A G; Downey, R G
The objective of this study was to identify underlying dimensions of the managerial work of hospital dietetic services professional staff. A survey instrument was developed on the basis of Mintzberg's role theory of management. Respondents were asked to rate 80 activity statements on the relative importance and time demand of each. Principal component analysis was used to determine whether items could be conceptualized meaningfully by a smaller number of components capable of accounting for interrelationships. Reliabilities and correlations were computed for the resulting managerial factor scores. Six factors were identified from the importance ratings: Upper Management, Interaction with Subordinates, Outside Activities, Quality Assurance, Communication Activities, and Personnel Activities. Similar dimensions were identified from the time-demand ratings. Findings from this analysis suggest that managers in different functional specialties and at various organizational levels tend to vary in their allocation of time and to stress different roles. As a person rises on the administrative ladder of responsibility, concentration on extramural affairs and involvement in planning are greater, and concern with specific operational problems decreases. The importance of conceptual skills was especially evident in upper administrative positions, as was the critical need for intergroup skills.
... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interest, penalties and administrative costs. 179.214 Section 179.214 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Salary Offset § 179.214 Interest, penalties and administrative...
Rogers, Hartley, Jr.
Basic mathematical concepts of Managerial Economics, a way of quantitatively analyzing and structuring the making of a business decision, are presented. Advantages and disadvantages of its use in business are discussed and several recent applications are given. (DT)
homosexual. In a later section of this essay , I point to the observations of scientists that heterosexual and homosexual are not exclusive categories...meaningless stimulus-events. Almost from the cradle, human beings acquire the skill to sort persons into classes based on gender, kinship , age, school...and sailors prior to the 1948 anti-segregation orders, Asian- Americans before the repeal of the exclusion acts, Mexican -Americans in California and
Vargas-Hernández, Jose G.
This paper aims to critically analyze the implications of the new managerialism in the public service through ethical, democratic and professional values. It assumes the contradictions between the values that seek to promote the public service under the model of managerialism and the reality of its implementation. The method used is analytical-descriptive-normative from the critical perspective of the parallel developments of managerialism and public service. The theoretical and methodologica...
Kneeland, Steven J.
Having identified the problem of managerial transition in a previous article (CE 510 277), the author outlines a strategy for change which includes performance appraisal, definition of the management structure, and counselling for the individual in transition. (SK)
Kyriazanos, Ioannis; Kalles, Vasileios; Stefanopoulos, Anastasios; Spiliotis, John; Mohamed, Faheez
Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) is increasingly used in the treatment of peritoneal malignancies. The administration of HIPEC after complete cytoreduction offers the combination of the pharmacokinetic advantages inherent to the intraperitoneal delivery of cytotoxic chemotherapy, with the direct cytotoxic effects of hyperthermia, and has been reported to offer significantly improved patient outcomes. As a result, this novel method disseminates rapidly, with many surgical teams having developed peritoneal malignancy treatment programs. Protocols are needed for the introduction, handling, and management of chemotherapeutic agents in the operating room to minimize risk to the staff involved in the procedure. The personnel exposure during CRS and HIPEC may arise from different routes, such as air contamination, direct contact, manipulation of perfusates or chemotherapy solutions, and manipulation of objects/tissues exposed to chemotherapeutics. Guidelines for safe administration of HIPEC including environmental contamination risk management, personal protective equipment, and occupational health issues are yet to be established. This review summarizes the existing evidence regarding the safety considerations of HIPEC administration.
Survey of Active Duty Personnel - Form A SRED - What is the highest degree or level of school that you have completed? (MARK THE ONE ANSWER...100.0 | TOTALS ALTHOUGH THIS ITEM ASKS FOR ONE (HIGHEST GRADE OR DEGREE) RESPONSE, RESPONDENTS FREQUENTLY MARK MULTIPLE RESPONSES. SRED IS...CODED AS A STANDARD MARK ONE ITEM WHILE SREDA-SREDH ARE CODED AS A MARK-ALL-THAT-APPLY. SREDHI EQUALS SRED EXCEPT WHERE SRED HAS A MULTIPLE
Full Text Available This study aims to explore impact of managerial human capital in performance of a Syrian public organization, Directorate of Finance of province of Damascus, through use some of managerial characteristics are age, level of education, tenure and functional track. This study applied on a sample of 12 managers and 138 employees. The study reveals that there are no significant effect of age, level of education and functional track in performance of Directorate of Finance of province of Damascus, while there is a positive, strong and significant effect of tenure manager in organizational performance, which indicates that managerial characteristics almost irrelevant with performance of Directorate of Finance of the province of Damascus, and the public sector in general. Such results appear a need for efforts are invested in the formulation and implementation of human resource procedures and policies which can bring about effective change in behaviours and roles of the public managers and employees.
Isfahani, Haleh Mousavi; Aryankhesal, Aidin; Haghani, Hamid
Performance of different organizations, such as hospitals is mainly influenced by their managers' performance. Nursing managers have an important role in hospital performance and their managerial skills can improve the quality of the services. Hence, the present study was conducted in order to assess the relationship between the managerial skills and the results of their performance evaluation in Teaching Hospitals of Iran University of Medical Science in 2013. The research used the cross sectional method in 2013. It was done by distributing a managerial skills assessment questionnaire, with close-ended questions in 5 choice Likert scale, among 181 managers and head nurses of hospitals of Iran university of Medical Sciences; among which 131 answered the questions. Another data collection tools was a forms to record evaluation marks from the personnel records. We used Pearson and Spearman correlation tests and SPSS for analysis and description (frequency, mean and standard deviation). Results showed that the managerial skills of the nursing mangers were fair (2.57 out of 5) and the results of the performance evaluation were in a good condition (98.44). The mangers' evaluation results and the managerial skills scores were not in a meaningful correlation (r=0.047 np=0.856). The research showed no correlation between different domains of managerial skills and the performance evaluation marks: decision making skills (r=0.074 and p=0.399), leadership (correlation coefficient 0.028 and p=0.654), motivation (correlation coefficient 0.118 and p=0.163), communication (correlation coefficient 0.116 and p=0.122), systematic thinking (correlation coefficient 0.028 and p=0.828), time management (correlation coefficient 0.077 and p=0.401) and strategic thinking (correlation coefficient 0.041 and p=0.756). Lack of any correlation and relation between managers' managerial skills and their performance evaluation results shows need to a fundamental revision at managers
Full Text Available The paper explores the managerial competencies of human resources in the companies from the counties of Satu Mare and Bihor. A model of these competencies is provided also, according to the identified relationships between various managerial competencies. Data were collected by applying a questionnaire to 114 companies located in the counties of Satu Mare and Bihor, within the project HURO/0901/264/2.2.2 implemented in partnership by "Vasile Goldis" Western University and University of Debrecen and financed by European Union through ERDF under Hungary-Romania 2007-2013 Programme. They were processed and analyzed by using the SPSS soft.
Eacott, Scott; Norris, Judith
On an international scale, public administration is undergoing considerable restructuring as principles of private enterprise are becoming the orthodoxy. At the same time, economic instability (or crisis) is gripping both national and global financial markets, suggesting a flaw in the system or even that capitalism has reached it limits. Crises in…
Valentine, Jerry W.; Prater, Mike
This statewide study examined the relationships between principal managerial, instructional, and transformational leadership and student achievement in public high schools. Differences in student achievement were found when schools were grouped according to principal leadership factors. Principal leadership behaviors promoting instructional and…
Full Text Available This research aims at examining what level of business competitiveness and innovation will be best suited for MNEs in the long-run. Author tests the relationship among excessive business competitiveness and innovation and the dysfunction of MNEs, by using multiple regression analysis as the quantitative method. The results show that both excessive business competitiveness and excessive innovation cannot influence the ceasing of business operations. For managerial implications, managers in MNEs should always monitor to what extent it is appropriate for organizational culture to create business competitiveness and innovation. They can add rules in to the internal administration of MNEs, since more rules will block excessive innovation. Regarding the limitations of the research, firstly, the databases did not categorize which enterprises in the USA are truly MNEs or local enterprises. Therefore, the precision of predictive analysis was diminished. Secondly, the data analyzed are not statistically significant, even though a normality test was performed prior to the analysis. Thirdly, since the nature of business competitiveness itself is hard to measure, it is difficult to find a good data representative of overall competitiveness. For future research, the author suggests the future researcher should expend resources identifying statistically valid data for the missing period.
Draws on recent comparative case studies of universities in Europe and North America to examine global and local factors in changing university management practices. Discusses effects of economic globalization, internationalization of ideas and educational practices, the ideology of new managerialism, and entrepreneurial fund raising. Criticizes…
Ketelaar-de Lauwere, C.C.
In this study of cow behaviour and managerial aspects of fully automatic milking, the emphasis was on implementing automatic milking systems (AMS) in cubicle houses in a way that suits cows and farmer. The starting points of the research were that the cows would visit the AMS voluntarily and that th
Keith, Nancy K.; Perreault, Heidi R.; Chin, Mary; Keith, Megan
Objective: The study examined male and female business college students' perceptions regarding the need for a match between personal and corporate ethics, whether success in business depends on ethical behavior, and the types of ethical misconduct that warrant the most severe managerial disciplinary actions. Background: The literature contains…
Rasdi, Roziah Mohd; Garavan, Thomas N.; Ismail, Maimunah
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate how managerial level moderates the relationships between networking behaviours and career success (objective and subjective) in the context of a public sector organisation in Malaysia. Design/methodology/approach: The study utilised a cross-sectional design and investigated these relationships…
Kok, Seng-Kiat; Douglas, Alex; McClelland, Bob; Bryde, David
The "raison d'etre" of higher education institutions is to educate individuals, undertake research, and disseminate knowledge into the public domain. Changing values and norms in HEIs, partly as a product of "managerialism", as well as increased competition for funding and other environmental factors, have moved autonomous…
Altintas, Nergis Nalan; Suer, Ayca Zeynep; Sari, Emre Selcuk; Ulker, Mirac Sema
Poster projects are an alternative method of motivation, learning, and information dissemination in education. The main purpose of this initial study was to determine the effect of poster projects on the motivational and learning process of managerial accounting students. In addition, the authors aimed to compare the opinions of managerial…
Veld, M.F.A.; Semeijn, Judith; van Vuuren, Tinka
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine three-way interactions among career control, career dialogue and managerial position in predicting perceived employability. The authors expected that participation in career dialogue strengthens the positive relationship between career control and em
Hillier, D.; Hodgson, A.; Stevenson-Clarke, P.
This study examines the extended stakeholder corporate governance model in credit unions and the extent to which inherent managerial entrenchment impacts upon their operational decisions. Using Australian credit union data and the introduction of Basle-type capital adequacy regulations as a case stu
Amlie, Thomas T.
A common problem addressed in Managerial and Cost Accounting classes is that of selecting an optimal production mix given scarce resources. That is, if a firm produces a number of different products, and is faced with scarce resources (e.g., limitations on labor, materials, or machine time), what combination of products yields the greatest profit…
h RING AZ[wCV NAME 6 AONEI(JSSfi diiieronrt ie Centrollng Office) I. SECURITY CLASS. (ol f lOo roport) lISe *CC, ASSIPICATION ’ DOWNGRADING...56, 81-105. Campbell, John P., Dunnette, Marvin D., Lawler, Edward E., III, and Weick, Karl E. Managerial Behavior Performance and Effectiveness. New
Boot, A.W.A.; Gopalan, R.; Thakor, A.V.
We analyze a publicly-traded firm's decision to stay public or go private when managerial autonomy from shareholder intervention affects the supply of productive inputs by management. We show that both the advantage and the disadvantage of public ownership relative to private ownership lie in the li
Full Text Available Orientation: Self-efficacy beliefs, given their task-specific nature, are likely to influence managers’ perceived decision-making competence depending on fluctuations in their nature and strength as non-ability contributors. Research purpose: The present research describes the conceptualisation, design and measurement of managerial decision-making self-efficacy. Motivation for the study: The absence of a domain-specific measure of the decision-making self-efficacy of managers was the motivation for the development of the Managerial Decisionmaking Self-efficacy Questionnaire (MDMSEQ. Research approach, design and method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a nonprobability convenience sample of managers from various organisations in South Africa. Statistical analysis focused on the construct validity and reliability of items through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis to test the factorial validity of the measure. Main findings: The research offers confirmatory validation of the factorial structure of the MDMSEQ. The results of two studies involving 455 (Study 1, n = 193; Study 2, n = 292 experienced managers evidenced a multidimensional structure and demonstrated respectable subscale internal consistencies. Findings also demonstrated that the MDMSEQ shared little common variance with confidence and problem-solving self-efficacy beliefs. In addition, several model fit indices suggested a reasonable to good model fit for the measurement model. Practical/managerial implications: The findings have implications for practical applications in employment selection and development with regard to managerial decision-making. Absence of the assessment of self-efficacy beliefs may introduce systematic, non-performance related variance into managerial decision-making outcomes in spite of abilities that managers possess. Contribution/value-add: Research on the volition-undermining effect of self-efficacy beliefs has been remarkably prominent
Sá, Marilene de Castilho; Azevedo, Creuza da Silva
This paper presents our theoretical perspective over health management, particularly on managerial and health work. To face the complex problems related to public health services management and health care quality - important challenges of Brazilian Sanitary Reform - we study the group/inter-subjective and unconscious characteristic of organizational processes, which has important effects over health services dynamics and their quality. For this purpose, we attempt to articulate three theoretical perspectives:(1) the French Psycho sociology approach on organizations and contemporary society; (2) the psychoanalytical theory on inter-subjective and group processes; and (3) the Work Psychodynamics, which focuses the relations between pleasure and suffering in work processes. Through this research process, we explore links and mediations among psychic, inter-subjective, group and social realities that are present in health organizations, managerial work and health work. Also, limits and possibilities these mediations set to leadership, cooperation, collective projects and health care quality are identified.
窦婉君; 李惠萍; 刘安诺; 张婷; 梅雅琪
目的 调查护理管理者的心理资本现状,并分析其影响因素.方法 采用方便抽样法,对安徽省302名护理管理者采用护士心理资本问卷中文修订版(PCQ-24)和自行设计的一般资料问卷进行调查,对调查数据进行统计分析.结果 护理管理者心理资本得分为(106.23±10.67)分,4个维度得分分别为自我效能(26.79±3.40)分、韧性(26.60±3.25)分、希望(26.56±3.55)分、乐观(26.27±3.34)分.多因素回归分析显示,健康水平、职务最终进入回归方程,t=2.904和1.838,均P＜0.05.结论 护理管理者心理资本处于中等偏上水平,健康和职务是护理管理者心理资本的主要影响因素,建议将心理资本引入护理管理领域,采取多种措施促进其心理资本的发展.%Objective To investigate the level of psychological capital of nursing administrative personnel and analyze its influencing factors.Methods A total of 302 nursing administrative personnel of Anhui Province were investigated with Chinese Version of Nurses Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ-24) and a self-designed question-naire about demographic information.Results The overall score of psychological capital was (106.23±10.67) points,and the dimension scores from high to low were selfefficacy (26.79±3.40) points,resilience (26.60±3.25) points,hope(26.56±3.55) points,and optimism(26.27±3.34) points.Multiple regression analysis showed that health?level and positions entered the regression equation,t=2.904,1.838,P＜0.05.Conclusions The overall nursing administrative personnel psychological capital is in the middle level,health level and positions were influencing factors of nurses psychological capital.It is suggested that the psychological capital should be introduced into nursing administrative field and take diversified measured to improve their psychological capital.
Recent HR differentiation research has been concerned with HRM differences within job groups (such as between more and less talented managerial employees) and HRM differences between job groups of different strategic value (such as knowledge and manual workers). Less attention has been paid to HR differentiation among strategically valuable job groups. This paper reviews literature relevant to the question whether (and how) firms should differentiate their HRM systems between professional and...
Kazumi Asako; Koichi Ando; Kazuyuki Matsumoto
Perception of the business cycle can differ among firms, which has been confirmed by extensive survey data. The question we want to answer in this paper is "What causes differences in business cycle perception?" by utilizing a newly designed questionnaire. Specifically, we match properties emphasizing the absolute level of economic activities or the direction of their changes and indicators of a firm's managerial and financial conditions, and examine the relationship between them. Based on ou...
Full Text Available This research administer with the purpose of investigate relationship between organizational socialization (include training, understanding, co-worker support and future perspectives with career aspirations (include technical – functional competence, general managerial competence, organizational stability and dedication to cause, geographical security, entrepreneurial creativity, autonomy/independence, life style and pure challenges among personnel of organization related to petroleum ministry in Esfahan city. Research method was correlation and statistical population were the total of male and females of above mentioned organizations. Research sample were the 501 persons (405 males and 96 females which selected from personnel’s list of each organization with using simple random sampling. Research instruments were: organizational socialization inventory with 20 items (and four subscales and career aspiration questionnaire with 25 items (and eight subscales. Face, content and construct validity of research instruments along with internal consistency studied and verified. Data analyzed with using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and enter regression analysis. Results revealed that some of organizational socialization subscales have predictive power for career aspirations subscales as below: training and future perspectives for entrepreneurial creativity (=0.235 and =-0.204 respectively, future perspectives for pure challenges (=0.223, understanding and future perspectives for organizational stability and dedication to cause (=0.258 and =-0.275 respectively, training for technical – functional competence (=-0.260, training for general managerial competence (=-0.204, training, co-worker support and future perspectives for life style (=-0.229, =0.272 and =-0.205 respectively and training for geographical stability (=-0.2.
Olson, Laury D. (Masher)
Surveys job satisfaction of journalists and public relations personnel in the San Francisco Bay Area. Finds public relations personnel significantly more satisfied with both their jobs and profession. Concludes that the relatively lower levels of job satisfaction for journalists are largely a result of lack of autonomy. (SR)
Lievens, F.; van Dam, K.; Anderson, N.
The aim of this article is to identify recent developments in personnel selection and to review existing research with regard to these recent developments. To this end, 26 human resource representatives were asked to list current or future trends in personnel selection. In addition, existing academi
黃乃熒 Nai-Ying Whang
Full Text Available 本文旨在透過後現代學校行政倫理觀點，來探索管理智慧，以為學校行政開啟新的視野。後現代學校行政倫理，強調對巨型理論、普遍性規範、或明確性實體的挑戰，來回應體系邊緣人的聲音，以利服務面更為完整，促進學校經營的正面效應，將有助於提升管理智慧。因此，從後現代學校行政倫理來探索管理智慧，益形重要。為達成研究目的，本研究選取一所國民中學為樣本，採用質性個案研 究法，且以訪談來蒐集資料，瞭解後現代學校行政倫理的正面效果，並透過訪談結果的分析，進行討論，來探索其管理智慧，據以提出結論，包括其存在於領導者與被領導者的矛盾，會驅動領導者服務個人協調人際關係及時間目標的能力與關鍵的德行，他人優先及選擇有效溝通策略的動機。 This study explores postmodern ethics in school administration and inquires regarding its managerial wisdom. Postmodern ethics in school administration emphasizes grand theory and universal norms to protect marginality and facilitate perfect services and managerial wisdom. Managerial wisdom plays a crucial role in promoting coordinated mechanisms. Postmodern ethics in school administration can also enlighten managerial wisdom to help make schools progressive. To realize the positive effects of postmodern ethics in school administration and its derived managerial wisdom, the current study chooses a junior high school as its research focus. The study uses interview approaches to collect the data as the basis of case analysis and discusses the data to reach conclusions. As a result, managerial wisdom of postmodern ethics in school administration is embedded in a paradox of leaders and subordinates. Postmodern ethics in school administration also drives leaders’ significant abilities, crucial virtues, altruistic motivations, and strategic passions.
Helge, Doris I.; Marrs, Lawrence W.
The article presents successful strategies based on A. Maslow's hierarchy for recruiting special education personnel for rural school systems. Techniques for selling a district to prospective teachers and administrators are discussed and suggestions for integrating newcomers are covered. (Author/SB)
Freund, C M
Applying type theory is a relatively inexpensive way for managers to increase effectiveness by emphasizing the qualitative issues in organizations. The author describes managerial and organizational uses of C.G. Jung's theory of psychological type, as operationalized in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). The MBTI is useful not only in identifying individual preferences, but also in developing effective managerial and working terms. Knowledge of one's own type and the type of others can help managers motivate others, maximize human resources, persuade others, and gain cooperation. An article in the January 1989 issue of JONA discusses the author's use of the MBTI to assess decision-making styles and the compatibility of hospital chief nursing officers and executive officers.
Lorber, Mateja; Savič, Brigita Skela
Aim To compare nursing leaders’ and employees’ perception of leaders’ leadership style, personality characteristics, and managerial competencies and to determine the associations between these factors. Methods The study included 4 out of 5 Slovenian major hospitals selected from the hospital list; 1 hospital refused to participate. The employees of these hospitals represent 30% of all employees in nursing in Slovenian hospitals and the 509 employees included in the stud...
Furst, Stacie A; Cable, Daniel M
The authors explored the relationship between managerial influence tactics and employee resistance to organizational change. Using attribution theory, the authors developed a series of hypotheses concerning the effects of influence tactics on employee resistance to change and the ways in which these relationships are moderated by leader-member exchange. Results, which are based on multisource data, suggest that employee resistance reflects both the type of influence a manager uses and the strength of leader-member exchange.
Lance B. Kurke; Howard E. Aldrich
This paper reports a replication of Mintzberg (McCall M. W., Jr. A. M. Morrison, R. L. Hannan. 1978. Studies of managerial work: results and methods. Technical Report #9, Center for Creative Leadership.). Structured observation with supplemental unstructured interviewing was used to study four top managers for one week each. Mintzberg's field study was supported by our replication in all important dimensions. Explanations for similarities and differences between organizations and industries a...
Riyanto, Yohanes E.
This paper provides a rationale for a firm to adopt either an integrated or a separated divisional structure, which is based on the interplay between the structure of authority and the costs and benefits of integration vis-a-vis separation. We use the framework of Aghion and Tirole (1997) to explain the structure of authority. This framework captures the notion of managerial initiatives. It shows that monitoring by the head office decreases divisional managers' effort levels. We incoporate th...
Ulrike Malmendier; Geoffrey Tate; Jonathan Yan
We show that measurable managerial characteristics have significant explanatory power for corporate financing decisions beyond traditional capital-structure determinants. First, managers who believe that their firm is undervalued view external financing as overpriced, especially equity. Such overconfident managers use less external finance and, conditional on accessing risky capital, issue less equity than their peers. Second, CEOs with Depression experience are averse to debt and lean excess...
Civilian Training, clearinghouse Education, and Development System (ACTEDS) -- Long-term training -- Personnel Proponent System -- Outplacement of...nonpersonal adverse actions such as RIF, outplacement ) -- Analysis of applicant qualifications -- Applicant assistance -- Delegation of direct hire...practice of hiring, promoting, and outplacing employees (Ulrich 1987, 174). Common staffing functions are listed in Table 2-2 below. Table 2-2. Staffing
Full Text Available The need for efficiency and quality in the managerial document is more acutely felt at all levels of governance from Romanian administration. In a modern democratic society, as the society we live in claims to be, it is necessary for the administration service to be closer to the citizen-customer requirements. Essential in this regard is that the public administration, in order to be effective, needs to fit a nation as well as to each individual, as the decisions taken at this level make people as much harm as good.
Bruggen, Gerrit; Smidts, Ale; Wierenga, Berend
textabstractIn this paper we conceptualize the impact of information technology on marketing decision-making. We argue that developments in information technology affect the performance of marketing decision-makers through different routes. Advances in information technology enhance the possibilities to collect data and to generate information for supporting marketing decision-making. Potentially, this will have a positive impact on decision-making performance. Managerial expertise will favor...
Ethics is a primary necessity for long term success in everything we try to achieve, being generally accepted that "good ethics is good business." Given this, managers must clearly adopt the idea of morality and act accordingly. Unfortunately, at the national level, managerial ethics is by far not considered a priority of Romanian managers. Moreover, many of them view the compliance with the code of ethics as a hindrance in the realization of profitable business. This is, however, far from th...
Pannick, Samuel; Sevdalis, Nick; Athanasiou, Thanos
Despite taking advantage of established learning from other industries, quality improvement initiatives in healthcare may struggle to outperform secular trends. The reasons for this are rarely explored in detail, and are often attributed merely to difficulties in engaging clinicians in quality improvement work. In a narrative review of the literature, we argue that this focus on clinicians, at the relative expense of managerial staff, has proven counterproductive. Clinical engagement is not a universal challenge; moreover, there is evidence that managers-particularly middle managers-also have a role to play in quality improvement. Yet managerial participation in quality improvement interventions is often assumed, rather than proven. We identify specific factors that influence the coordination of front-line staff and managers in quality improvement, and integrate these factors into a novel model: the model of alignment. We use this model to explore the implementation of an interdisciplinary intervention in a recent trial, describing different participation incentives and barriers for different staff groups. The extent to which clinical and managerial interests align may be an important determinant of the ultimate success of quality improvement interventions.
Full Text Available Traditional methods of cost calculating have become obsolete. The loss of relevance of traditional cost calculating systems is mainly due to the existence of a gap between the current model of enterprise control and the model of analysis centres, as well as the difference between the way of composing the actual cost and its image reflected by managerial accounting. The vision of the company on which the method of analysis centres was based no longer corresponds to the present reality. The approach of this study captures the complex and delicate subject of the allocation of production overheads procedure. Through the field research undertaken, it was aimed to identify and possibly solve the problems related to the rational allocation of these expenditures. The own contributions of the study are highlighted in particular at practical level, as an obvious result of the types of research undertaken. One of the fundamental objectives of the present study is to enhance the interest regarding the practical possibilities of protecting against the dangers of a creative managerial accounting system. A managerial accounting system, once implemented, will also attract the manifestation of creative accounting phenomena, especially in times of crisis. Having at their disposal the most relevant set of information, managers are tempted to resort to more or less ingenious techniques that are more or less questionable and more or less legal, in order to improve the financial statement presentation.
This article investigates the notions of race, gender and learning technology as a consequence of the commodification of educational administrative systems (part of new managerialism--neo-liberalism), in order to foster debate. It also asks if new managerialism is an appropriate model within an African arena. New managerialism can be defined as…
Full Text Available Any service organization operating under turbulent market conditions must have a successful marketing strategy. A successful marketing strategy implies proper management of all elements within a marketing mix: service package, price, distribution channels, promotion, service process, service ambience and people. People, i.e. primarily the employed within an organization are one of the elements that must be appropriately considered when drawing up and implementing a marketing strategy. Proper personnel management must nowadays include good management of managerial stress. Adequate managerial stress management is preconditioned by successful identification of sources of managerial stress. The aim of this paper is to present the importance of proper and timely identification of sources of managerial stress. The paper demonstrates the carried out scientific research based on a method that is universal for all types of organizations, regardless of their type and activity, in order to precisely identify the sources of managerial stress and define its proper management, as an asset in people management, which is an element of marketing strategy. The research was conducted using a survey, sampling 100 employees in 13 organizations throughout Serbia. Survey results indicated that the most important sources of managerial stress are: participation in decision-making, selection process, earnings, and time and deadlines pressure. Therefore, recommendations are provided for directing identified sources of managerial stress towards successful management of people as an element of marketing strategy.
Executive clinical physicians are increasingly being made jointly responsible for the economic success of clinics and it is to be expected that this joint responsibility will result in measures to reduce personnel. In this article it will be explained to which limits a reduction in medical personnel can be justified with respect to liability and from what level a reduction in staff can result in forensic risks. Furthermore, it will be discussed which liability or even penal responsibility in this connection affects the physicians, the hospital and especially the senior medical personnel.
National Association of College and University Business Officers (NJ3), 2004
Developed and edited by the National Association of College and University Business Officers' (NACUBO's) Accounting Principles Council, this guidebook, written by highly experienced, seasoned college and university leaders, is designed to help readers make sense of today's world and provide the right tools to make the right decisions. The book,…
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to understans how the quality of the court is bound to the role of the court presidents in Romania, who, for the proper administration of the departments and the divisions of the court, must assume a leadership role. Efficiency depends on how they use their knowledge, their behavior and attitudes as personal example to create an environment in which subordinates, judges and court personnel, are fully involved in achieving the objectives of the institution.
Attitudes toward Merit Pay for Instructional Personnel: A Survey of Florida Public District Policy Makers and Administrators. The Relationship of Expectancy Work Motivation, Selected Situational Variables and Locus of Control to Teacher Job Satisfaction.
Wiegman, John R.; Binnie, David G.
This research bulletin contains parts of two studies dealing with the persistent problem of developing effective teachers and stimulating effective teaching. The study reported in "Attitudes toward Merit Pay for Instructional Personnel" (John Weigman) was conducted to survey, analyze, and compare the attitudes of Florida public school…
Full Text Available From the theoretical point of view, it has been stated that there is a considerable probability that some cultural aspects could affect the economic environment and, consequently, the managerial accounting. While this statement has a certain suppositional degree, we will try to test the importance of culture within the managerial accounting. Several empirical approaches underline the existence of a powerful impact of the national culture on the managerial accounting systems. Moreover, it is clear for everybody that the companies’ strategic objectives are often expressed in numerical terms, but they are chosen according to the culture.
Tsimbalyuk Svetlana A.
In article the system-functional approach to creation of organizational structure of human resource management is offered. It’s making motivation the managerial staff: heads, specialists and technical employees.В статье предложен системно-функциональный подход к построению организационной структуры управления персоналом как составляющей мотивации руководителей, специалистов и технических служащих....
Stoker, Janka I; Van der Velde, Mandy; Lammers, Joris
PURPOSE: Several studies have shown that the traditional stereotype of a "good" manager being masculine and male still exists. The recent changes in the proportion of women and female managers in organizations could affect these two managerial stereotypes, leading to a stronger preference for feminine characteristics and female leaders. This study examines if the gender of an employee, the gender of the manager, and the management gender ratio in an organization are related to employees' managerial stereotypes. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: 3229 respondents working in various organizations completed an electronic questionnaire. FINDINGS: The results confirm our hypotheses that, although the general stereotype of a manager is masculine and although most prefer a man as a manager, female employees, employees with a female manager, and employees working in an organization with a high percentage of female managers, have a stronger preference for feminine characteristics of managers and for female managers. Moreover, we find that proximal variables are much stronger predictors of these preferences than more distal variables. IMPLICATIONS: Our study suggests that managerial stereotypes could change as a result of personal experiences and changes in the organizational context. The results imply that increasing the proportion of female managers is an effective way to overcome managerial stereotyping. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This study examines the influence on managerial stereotypes of various proximal and distal factors derived from theory among a large group of employees (in contrast to students).
The relationship between the knowledge base needed for effective performance by Nurse Corps Officers in management positions and the knowledge base gained in the manpower, personnel and training analysis program at NPS and selected nursing administration programs utilized by the Navy Nurse Corps
Long, Jeanette L.; Quisenberry, M. Ellen.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This study surveyed Nurse Corps Officers in management positions by means of a questionnaire to ascertain the relationship between skills gained in Manpower Personnel and Training Analysis or in civilian Nursing Administration programs and Navy Nurse Corps job component needs. Survey respondents were asked to rate their utilization, capability and level of importance for 32 activities that form the basis of either ...
Full Text Available Today, the proper playing of managerial roles is of special importance in effective and successful management of sports clubs. The present paper aimed to study the managerial roles of sports clubs CEOs in Isfahan Province in the current and desirable conditions. Statistical population included all managers and directors of Sepahan, Zobahan, Foolad Mahan, and Gitipasand sports clubs (N=83, which was considered as the sample as well. An author-made questionnaire with 31 items on a Likert’s 5-point scale was used for data collection. Validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by 15 experts and professors and its reliability was obtained α=0.94 by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. 84 questionnaires were handed out among all managers and directors of the studied sports clubs, 76 of which (91.5% was returned. The results showed that priority of CEOs roles, respectively, include decisional role (4.16±0.61, informational role (4.09±0.56, and interpersonal role (4.03±0.67. The results of factor analysis also indicated that the roles of entrepreneurship, data collection, spokesman, and allocation of resources, respectively, are the most important roles of CEOs and negotiation, figurehead, and leadership roles are the least important ones in the desirable conditions. A significant difference was observed between the roles of managers in the current and desirable conditions (Sig.=0.001. The results suggested that the respondents’ expectations of sports clubs CEOs’ roles in desirable conditions is beyond their perceptions in the current situation. It can be generally concluded that sports clubs CEOs need to better perform all managerial roles, especially decisional role.
Victoria L. Mitchell; Barrie R. Nault
We examine whether cooperative planning and uncertainty affect the magnitude of rework in concurrent engineering projects with upstream and downstream operations, and explore the impact of such rework on project delays. Using survey data from a sample of 120 business process (BP) redesign and related information technology (IT) development projects in healthcare and telecommunications, our results indicate that upstream (BP) rework and downstream (IT) rework is mediated and mitigated by coope...
This pilot study attempts to make these percentages and figures “come to life” in a more everyday picture of how stress is experienced, and how it is related to management and organisation. A number of qualitative single and group interviews with 5 leaders and 10 EMTs were recorded, transcribed...... and analysed. With a point of departure in the interviews some psychodynamic patterns in the work of the EMTs are identified and theorized: The active-passive inversion, The princess, the Dragon and the Knight, Repair, The by Identification broken distance screen, Containing and the defence mechanisms...
The complex and networked economy arises a series of challenges for business competitiveness in order to develop or redefine business models and theories. This paper tries to capture a relevant part of our previous studies by emphasizing the challenges that business competitiveness has to cope and integrate, such as: behavioral model of management, firm competitiveness (leveraging tangible and intangible assets), new models of business (Panarchy Corporation and ambidexterity) and management f...
Carnwell, Ros; Baker, Sally-Ann; Bellis, Mike; Murray, Ruth
Educating pre-registration nurses in clinical practice is a global issue. Within different countries problems exist in educating and supervising students in clinical practice and various models of clinical education are employed. In Wales, United Kingdom, this responsibility is divided between mentors, lecturer practitioners and link tutors. This paper reports on the third phase of a three-phase study in Wales to explore differences between mentors, lecturer practitioners and link tutors, and how they work together to assist students to integrate theory and practice. Four focus group interviews of National Health Service managers and Higher Education managers (n=22) were conducted. Qualitative content analysis revealed four themes: role characteristics and competencies, role differences, role conflict, and future options. The findings suggest a theory-practice continuum along which mentors, lecturer practitioners and link tutors occupy different positions. The article explores these different positions and offers suggestions for future role development.
J.M. van Oostrum (Jeroen); E. Bredenhoff (Eelco); E.W. Hans (Erwin)
textabstractAbstract: Operating room (OR) planning and scheduling is a popular and challenging subject within the operational research applied to health services research (ORAHS). However, the impact in practice is very limited. The organization and culture of a hospital and the inherent characteris
Oostrum, van Jeroen M.; Bredenhoff, Eelco; Hans, Erwin W.
Operating room (OR) planning and scheduling is a popular and challenging subject within the operational research applied to health services research (ORAHS). However, the impact in practice is very limited. The organization and culture of a hospital and the inherent characteristics of its processes
Hult, Agneta; Lundström, Ulf; Edström, Charlotta
The evaluation trend in the global education field implies new professional challenges for school principals. The purpose of this article is to describe and analyse Swedish school principals’ experiences of prevailing evaluations and the implications for the profession. Specifically, we examine: a) how principals respond to evaluations and their consequences in their schools; and b) the implications of the evaluations for the profession in light of professional responsibility and accountabili...
Suver, J D; Cooper, J C
An introduction to cost-accounting systems for pharmacy managers is provided; terms are defined and examples of specific applications are given. Cost-accounting systems determine, record, and report the resources consumed in providing services. An effective cost-accounting system must provide the information needed for both internal and external reports. In accounting terms, cost is the value given up to secure an asset. In determining how volumes of activity affect costs, fixed costs and variable costs are calculated; applications include pricing strategies, cost determinations, and break-even analysis. Also discussed are the concepts of direct and indirect costs, opportunity costs, and incremental and sunk costs. For most pharmacy department services, process costing, an accounting of intermediate outputs and homogeneous units, is used; in determining the full cost of providing a product or service (e.g., patient stay), job-order costing is used. Development of work-performance standards is necessary for monitoring productivity and determining product costs. In allocating pharmacy department costs, a ratio of costs to charges can be used; this method is convenient, but microcosting (specific identification of the costs of products) is more accurate. Pharmacy managers can use cost-accounting systems to evaluate the pharmacy's strategies, policies, and services and to improve budgets and reports.
Gianino, M M; Siliquini, R; Russo, R; Renga, G
The process of passage to be e-profit and loss organization following the reform of the Italian health system, especially in a context of fiscal federalism and administered competition among the public and private producers, causes implications on the competences of whom develops his/her own professional activity. The aim of the paper is to give some inputs for discussion about the training of manager: starting from the meaning of the word 'management' and using the model elaborated by Mintzberg and Simon with the purpose to identify who is involved in such training, trying to make explicit that the analysis of the organizational positions and the profile of the resource that will go to occupy it is a forced passage for building the training package and to make clear characteristics and contents of the training offer.
Guo, Kristina L
This article is based on a study to identify, and by doing so help develop, the skills and roles of senior-level healthcare managers related to the needs of the current healthcare environment. To classify these roles and skills, a qualitative study was conducted to examine the literature on forces in the healthcare environment and their impact on managers. Ten senior managers were interviewed, revealing six roles as the most crucial to their positions along with the skills necessary to perform those roles. A pilot study was conducted with these senior managers to produce a final assessment tool. This assessment tool helps managers to identify strengths and weaknesses, develop in deficient areas, and promote competence in all areas as demanded by the market and organization. This tool can be used by organizations in the recruitment process and in the training process.
Boyd, J Wesley; Knight, John R
Many physicians are referred to state physician health programs (PHPs) for evaluation, monitoring, and treatment of mental health and substance use disorders. Most PHPs are "diversion" or "safe haven" programs, meaning that physicians who suffer from alcohol or drug problems can have their case diverted to the PHP in lieu of being reported to the state licensing board. If the physician agrees to cooperate with the PHP and adhere to any recommendations it might make, the physician can avoid disciplinary action and remain in practice. These programs are therefore quite powerful and yet, to our knowledge, there has not been any systematic scrutiny of the ethical and management issues that arise in standard PHP practice. Given our 20 years of service as associate directors of one state PHP we analyze and evaluate the standard operating procedure of many PHPs and offer ethical critique as well as suggestions for improvement.
Sharon L. Green; Jane S. Lopus
The topic of ethics has increased in importance in the business school curriculum in recent years. Highly publicised ethical scandals at corporations such as Enron, Arthur Anderson, and Tyco International, along with public alarm in response to accounts of environmental degradation, child labour abuses, and financial inequities, have heightened awareness of ethics and corporate social responsibility (CSR) in all business contexts. Although many colleges and universities have stand-alone gradu...
Glaser, M.; Lopez-de-Silanes, F.; Sautner, Z.
We analyze the internal capital markets of a multinational conglomerate, using a unique panel data set of planned and actual allocations to business units and a survey of unit CEOs. Following cash windfalls, more powerful managers obtain larger allocations and increase investment substantially more
Hamlin, Robert G.; Patel, Taran
Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in many countries are currently experiencing significant changes in how they are organized and managed. Consequently, exploring the kind of manager/leader behaviours that are perceived as effective and least effective/ineffective by peers, subordinates, collaborators, and team members in HEIs becomes important.…
Sørensen, Hans Eibe
and executives from high-tech firms and venture capitalists in North America, Asia, and Europe to provide a foundation for future research. Business development is an emerging staff function providing an added level of sophistication to the firms' overall strategic management with interesting performance...
Machado, Evelio F.; Zambrano, Marcos T.; Montes de Oca, Nancy
This article presents the problem of defining the concept of "competence", due to it being an integral and complex term that has been applied in many domains as well as in a more general sense for everyday life. However, no doubt, a competence can only be tested and valuated in the practice, and it is a person who becomes competent in a…
The report presents the experience in a steel company to improve the management of issues relating to health and safety of workers. The first part of the work focuses on the description of the interventions made by the company in recent years, which can be divided into technical interventions on production facilities, training and information, organizational activities and specific projects in collaboration with the health service. The second part presents the certification project according to OHSAS 18001, with particular focus on the efforts for a lean management of the documentation required by the management systems and for the automation of internal processes. The last part finally describes in detail the manner in which it was decided to address some issues that significantly affect the factory doctor: the recording and analysis of accidents and medications, management of hazardous substances and personal protective equipment.
Barthel, Joëlle; Baeyens, Jean-Pierre
Since its beginnings, the marketing discipline has been evolving through different stages and is further developing given the industry challenges such as globalization and technological impacts of the 21st century. Analyzing the attached evolution of consumer behavior and consumption patterns, this paper aims to define how the upcoming years will shape the marketing discipline. After a review of literature, a trend pyramid is established in order to define the most relevant changes from macro...
A.W.A. Boot; A.V. Thakor
We examine how the firm's initial owners design the control rights of bondholders and new shareholders and the manner in which these control rights interact with the manager's choice of the firm's capital structure. Even though the manager's objective is to maximize the terminal wealth of the initia
Fredman, Nick; Doughney, James
This paper examines perceptions by academics of their work in the Australian state of Victoria, and places such perceptions within the context of international and Australian debates on the academic profession. A 2010 survey conducted by the National Tertiary Education Union in Victoria was analysed in light of the literature on academic work…
Cellini, Alva V.
With changing social and economic realities, certain cultural differences in the management of Hispanic workers must be accepted and accommodated in the American workplace, where the scientific approach to management is the general rule. The scientific view of management is hardly accepted by Latin Americans whose management philosophy is more…
Orr, Yancey; Orr, Raymond
Neoliberalism exults the ability of unregulated markets to optimise human relations. Yet, as David Graeber has recently illustrated, it is paradoxically built on rigorous systems of rules, metrics and managers. The potential transition to a market-based tuition and research-funding model for higher education in Australia has, not surprisingly,…
Pollard, William E.; And Others
The role of documentation in the planning and control functions of project management is reviewed. The importance of documentation in the assessment of research quality with respect to objectivity, validity, and replicability is discussed. An outline of documentation required in different phases of research projects is provided. (Author/DWH)
Hilson, Gavin; Van der Vorst, Rita
This paper reviews a series of strategies for improving environmental performance in the small-scale gold mining industry. Although conditions vary regionally, few regulations and policies exist specifically for small-scale gold mining activity. Furthermore, because environmental awareness is low in most developing countries, sites typically feature rudimentary technologies and poor management practices. A combination of policy-, managerial- and technology-related initiatives is needed to facilitate environmental improvement in the industry. Following a broad overview of these initiatives, a recommended strategy is put forth for governments keen on improving the environmental conditions of resident small-scale gold mines.
Madsen, Henning; Ulhøi, John Parm
impact was available in Denmark. Consequently, a longitudinal research project was initiated to enlighten the situation. This study investigates environmentally related initiatives taken in response to the perception of stakeholder pressures and the perceived corporate environmental impact. The empirical...
Full Text Available Although pan-European universities became autonomous institutions, their governance structure is still organized under the laws of each state, which expressly states the functions and management structures together with their attributions. For the past two years, the Romanian academic environment experienced a consistent reform. The old ground of the educative system was reinforced by the new Law of National Education which represented, for our country, the starting of the modernization of the academic education. By modifying the regulation framework, certain key-objectives were envisaged, such as: the modernization of higher education institutions management, reinforcing university autonomy and the public liability, insuring quality in academic education, enforcing measures for stating university ethics, competition financing, supporting performant private education, developing trans-borders cooperation, both at the Community level and globally. In the university management, the changes followed: a review of governance structures and leaving behind the traditional self-governance model, focusing on the new models, which re-distribute the decision making power and responsibilities between stakeholders, internal and external. Now, Romanian academic education can be found in the middle of the crossroad since the reform is not completed but must go on in order to improve educational results.
Glaser, M.; Lopez-de-Silanes, F.; Sautner, Z.
We analyze the internal capital markets of a multinational conglomerate to determine whether more powerful unit managers enjoy larger allocations. We use a new dataset of planned and actual allocations to business units to show that, although all unit managers systematically over-budget capital expe
Moffie, D. J.; Goodner, Susan
This study tests the following hypotheses concerning the job creativity of managers: (1) There is a significant relationship between psychological test scores secured on subjects 15 to 20 years ago and creative performance on the job today, (2) there is a significant relationship between biographical information secured from subjects at the time…
J.M. van Oostrum (Jeroen); E. Bredenhoff (Eelco); E.W. Hans (Erwin)
textabstractMaster surgical scheduling can improve manageability and efficiency of operating room departments. This approach cyclically executes a master surgical schedule of surgery types. These surgery types need to be constructed with low variability to be efficient. Each surgery type is schedule
Describes a three-week section of a business communication course on the strategies of crisis communication. Provides background on the emergence of the field, a summary of several notable case studies for possible consideration, and suggestions on how crisis communication can be successfully integrated into the business communication curriculum.…
Alexandre di Miceli da Silveira
Full Text Available This research examines the determinants of the capital structure of firms introducing a behavioral perspective that has received little attention in corporate finance literature. The following central hypothesis emerges from a set of recently developed theories: firms managed by optimistic and/or overconfident people will choose more levered financing structures than others, ceteris paribus. We propose different proxies for optimism/overconfidence, based on the manager’s status as an entrepreneur or non-entrepreneur, an idea that is supported by theories and solid empirical evidence, as well as on the pattern of ownership of the firm’s shares by its manager. The study also includes potential determinants of capital structure used in earlier research. We use a sample of Brazilian firms listed in the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange (Bovespa in the years 1998 to 2003. The empirical analysis suggests that the proxies for the referred cognitive biases are important determinants of capital structure. We also found as relevant explanatory variables: profitability, size, dividend payment and tangibility, as well as some indicators that capture the firms’ corporate governance standards. These results suggest that behavioral approaches based on human psychology research can offer relevant contributions to the understanding of corporate decision making.
Yaroslav E. Prokushev
Full Text Available The article is devoted to a problem of theorganization of professional developmentof personnel. The article is consideringtwo interconnected tasks. The ﬁ rst task is: estimation of degree of need of professional development of the speciﬁ c worker. The second task is: choice of the programof professional development. Functionalinformation models of procedures ofadoption of administrative decisions withinthese tasks are developed.
Anspach, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Anspach, J.P. [Allied-Signal, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Kansas City Operations; Walters, B.G. [Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Crain, B. Jr. [Science Applications International Corp., Aiken, SC (United States)
There is a need for an automated system for protecting and monitoring sensitive or classified parts and material. Sandia has developed a real-time personnel and material tracking system (PAMTRAK) that has been installed at selected DOE facilities. It safeguards sensitive parts and material by tracking tags worn by personnel and by monitoring sensors attached to the parts or material. It includes remote control and alarm display capabilities and a complementary program in Keyhole to display measured material attributes remotely. This paper describes the design goals, the system components, current installations, and the benefits a site can expect when using PAMTRAK.
Hyung Rok Woo
Full Text Available A number of organizations have adopted coaching and mentoring interventions to discover and foster the potential capabilities of employees. These practices are seen as competitive drivers to cultivate innovation and creativity in turbulent business environments. However, the literature has not investigated the question of how coaching and mentoring are interrelated. By examining this connection, this study explores the joint effects of these practices on the organizational commitment of employees. The results from survey data of 247 employees, who were coachees as well as protégés at the same time, from 17 companies in South Korea suggested that mentoring moderates the positive relationship between managerial coaching and organizational commitment. In addition, the moderating effects also depended on the extent of the homogeneity of their coach and mentor. The positive relationship between managerial coaching and organizational commitment strongly increased with conditions of higher mentoring and lower homogeneity of coach and mentor. Conversely, the relationship became negative when both mentoring practice and the homogeneity of coach and mentor were low. These results could provide practical implications to organizations that are concurrently adopting both coaching and mentoring programs by helping managers to better understand their joint effects.
Denis, Jean L; Lamothe, Lise; Langley, Ann; Stéphane, Guérard
The article examines various healthcare systems reform projects in Canada and some Canadian provinces and reveals some tendencies in governance renewal. The analisis is based on the hypothesis that reform is an exercise aiming at the renewal of governance conception and practices. In renewing governance, reform leaders hope to use adequate and effective levers to attain announced reform objectives. The article shows that the conceptions and operational modalities of governance have changed over time and that they reveal tensions inherent to the transformation and legitimation process of public healthcare systems. The first section discusses the relationships between reform and change. The second section defines the conception of gouvernance used for the analisis. Based on a content analisis of the various reform reports, the third section reveals the evolution of the conception of governance in healthcare systems in Canada. In order to expose the new tendencies, ideologies and operational principles at the heart of the reform projects are analysed. Five ideologies are identified: the democratic ideology, the "population health" ideology, the business ideology, the managerial ideology and the ideology of equity and humanism. This leads to a discussion on the dominant influence of the managerial ideology in the current reform projects.
Full Text Available Multimedia University, (MMU is the oldest and largest private university in Malaysia (a multiracial country. Its main campus in Cyberjaya, Selangor has four Faculties: Creative Multimedia (FCM, Information Technology (FIT, Engineering (FOE and Management (FOM. English is the language of instruction. A questionnaire based on Basse (1982 was used and 931 usable responses obtained (about a quarter of the population. The independent variables were age, race (Malay, Chinese, Indian,’Others’, year of study and the Faculty. The dependent variables were the five managerial styles (Factual, Intuitive, Analytical, Normative and European as measured by the questionnaire (Cronbach’s alpha >0.9. Using One-way ANOVA etc. It was found that there were significant differences (at p<0.05 in managerial styles between races and academic years. FCM students were unique in that they preferred the Factual style, those from other Faculties preferred the Analytical style. Malay and Chinese students preferred the Analytical style, Indian students preferred the Factual style. Undergraduate courses at MMU are designed, inter alia, to produce managers for the students’ chosen profession. The implication of this and the results obtained are discussed in terms of national and individual needs and the possible desirable changes in the courses at MMU and other institutions of higher learning.
The purpose was to provide applied and research dosimetrists with sufficient information to evaluate the status and direction of their programs relative to the latest guidelines and techniques. A technical program was presented concerning experience, requirements, and advances in gamma, beta, and neutron personnel dosimetry.
This paper describes a unique integrative business case appropriate for use in a managerial accounting course or other business courses related to economics or marketing. The case describes a scenario in which a managerial accountant is assisting in business decisions relating to factors influencing the profitability of a small manufacturing…
Grenard, Nancy C.
Records management policy and clear guidelines, communicated campus-wide, are needed so that requests for personnel information are handled consistently and with respect for the privacy of employees. Suggestions for policy formation and current efforts on campuses are outlined. (MSE)
Full Text Available The paper aims to analyze the importance and impact of the management of internal control/ managerial in Romanian public institutions, as well as the consequences arising as a result of not implementing it. It also analyzed the legal framework governing the internal control/managerial and the main conclusions issued by the Romanian Court of Accounts on the status of its implementation in Romanian public institutions. At the same time, it is stressed the role of management carried out by heads of public institutions in terms of combating the negative effects that have a direct impact on their activity.
Meriläinen, Matti; Sinkkonen, Hanna-Maija; Puhakka, Helena; Käyhkö, Katinka
This study focuses on the degree, nature and consequences of bullying or inappropriate behaviour among faculty personnel (n = 303) in a Finnish university. A total of 114 (38%) faculty members answered the email questionnaire. According to the results, 15% of the respondents had experienced bullying; in addition, 45% had experienced inappropriate…
Stoker, Janka I.; Van der Velde, Mandy; Lammers, Joris
Several studies have shown that the traditional stereotype of a "good" manager being masculine and male still exists. The recent changes in the proportion of women and female managers in organizations could affect these two managerial stereotypes, leading to a stronger preference for feminine charac
Collet-Sabé, Jordi; Tort, Antoni
Based on a qualitative study involving 124 professional and managerial class families in Catalonia (Spain), this paper describes the aims and objectives these families have for the education of their children. During the fieldwork, when asked what they were aiming for in the education of their children, almost all of the parents replied "for…
Examining work and community relations in one Texas school district, this study explores intensifying managerialism under performance accountability (PA) pressures. Reports, press releases, and media accounts are combined with ethnographic study from one elementary school to explore the enactment of school district reforms. Locating PA within a…
Wallace, J. Craig; Johnson, Paul D.; Mathe, Kimberly; Paul, Jeff
The authors proposed and tested a model in which data were collected from managers (n = 539) at 116 corporate-owned quick service restaurants to assess the structural and psychological empowerment process as moderated by shared-felt accountability on indices of performance from a managerial perspective. The authors found that empowering leadership…
Ligon, Jerry; Abdullah, ABM; Talukder, Majharul
This study examined the relationship between Information Systems (IS) managers' formal education, level of technical and managerial training and their managerial effectiveness as perceived by their subordinates. The study finds that there is a strong positive relationship between the amount of technical training IS managers have received and their…
Francesco Saverio Massari
Full Text Available Today, innovation and internationalization processes need more programming and high investments in new knowledge and relationships. Through trans-sectorial and trans-territorial networks, SMEs can participate to global dynamics, especially in terms of knowledge sharing and absorbing. We propose that the ‘Contratto di Rete’ (Network Contract is an innovative type of formal contract and a central solution in these dynamics. Since its introduction in 2009 by means of the Law Decree 5/2009, the brand-new networking tool has achieved broad success among Italian entrepreneurs. The authors provide an overview of the discipline regulating the tool; a background concerning network and contract theory; and finally a presentation of some best practices through insightful case studies. This approach integrates legal and managerial perspectives, delivering useful implications for scholars and practitioners.
... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Personnel. 606.20 Section 606.20 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) BIOLOGICS CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR BLOOD AND BLOOD COMPONENTS Organization and Personnel § 606.20 Personnel. (a) (b) The personnel responsible for...
Mayer, Claude-Hélène; Viviers, Rian
This article focuses on managers in a selected South African organization and the connections they draw between mental health, culture and spirituality within the workplace. The aim is to gain a deeper understanding of the interrelationships in this complex and growing scientific discourse and to respond to the research question of how mental health, culture and spirituality are interrelated from a managerial perspective. The study follows an inductive single case study approach within the phenomenological paradigm. Qualitative research methods using in-depth interviews and observation were used. The sample comprised 27 managers within the international South African automotive organization. The findings show that not only culture, but also spirituality and religion in particular, influence mental health and well-being of managers at work. Conclusions are drawn and recommendations made.
Full Text Available Henri Fayol, developed a managerial approach which is a perfect guide for both private and public sectors through focusing systematically upon managerial process. A major advantage of Fayol in creating a general managerial doctrine was his pratician side. His managerial thought which was developed in the early 20th century lasted up to our times. The distinguished characteristic of Fayol’s thought was studying the administrative reality through separating it into its functions, in that it helps to understand evolution and operation of organisations. The importance of his doctrine for today is that adapting contemporary managerial techniques into organisations of various kinds needs to refer Fayol’s managerial aproach in one way or another.
Forman, H P; Yin, D
Cost analysis is inherently one of the most tedious tasks falling on the shoulders of any manager. In today's world, whether in a service business such as radiology or medicine or in a product line such as car manufacturing, accurate cost analysis is critical to all aspects of management: marketing, competitive strategy, quality control, human resource management, accounting (financial), and operations management, to name but a few. This is a topic that we will explore with the intention of giving the radiologist/manager the understanding and the basic skills to use cost analysis efficiently, making sure that major financial decisions are being made with adequate cost information, and showing that cost accounting is really managerial accounting in that it pays little attention to the bottom line of financial statements but places much more emphasis on equipping managers with the information to determine budgets, prices, salaries, and incentives and influences capital budgeting decisions through an understanding of product profitability rather than firm profitability.
Cuadrado, Isabel; Morales, J Francisco; Recio, Patricia
This study attempts to test one of the explanations of the scarce representation of women in managerial positions, specifically the one advanced by "role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders" (Eagly & Karau, 2002), which appeals to the fact that women get unfavorable evaluations if they adopt male-stereotypical leadership styles. One-hundred and thirty-six undergraduate students participated in an experiment with a 2 (Male-stereotypical vs. Female-stereotypical leadership style) x 2 (Male vs. Female leader) design. Dependent variables were leader's competence, efficacy, and evaluation in a series of traits. It was found that, regardless of sex, the leaders were considered more competent and efficient, and were evaluated more favorably, when they adopted stereotypically feminine leadership styles. Implications of these findings for women's underrepresentation as leaders in management top positions worldwide are discussed.
Managerialism in community care has not only radically changed organisational structures delivering care, but the assessment of health and social care needs, the justifications for the assessments, and the experience of those who require publicly funded services. The present paper describes the social construction of the managerialism of needs assessment by health and social care professionals, and illustrates this through the identification of older people as a particular kind of client. The argument draws on 'third way', modernity and postmodernity thinking to show needs assessment as a socially constructed area of welfare. The empirical work in this study is based on the views of 38 health and social care professionals obtained by semi-structured in-depth interviews and a postal questionnaire. The views of these professionals show that the social construction of needs assessment takes place in managing the matching of eligibility criteria against types of services. The key to this process is the application of the concept of management that places health and social care professionals in roles where they are acting for state, voluntary or private agencies, and not in all contexts working together with older people. The study shows that professionals identify older people into two groups or 'classes', i.e. those having health needs as distinct from those with social care. The techniques used amount to an exercise of power by professionals over older people. Change is necessary to break down the dominance by professionals in the needs assessment process. A broader concept of the 'third way' vision by Giddens (1998) is also required to achieve greater relevance to how health and social care is organised, and how relations between professionals and older people are integrated into the idea and practice of participatory care. Therefore, the emancipatory side of modernity remains a largely unfinished project.
Bozionelos, Nikos; Bozionelos, Giorgos; Kostopoulos, Konstantinos; Polychroniou, Panagiotis
Purpose: This study aims to investigate the relationship of mentoring provided with career success and organizational commitment in the general managerial population. Design/methodology/approach: Participants were 194 native British who were employed in a variety of jobs, professions and industries in the United Kingdom. Findings: Mentoring…
13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Contracting Officer’s Representative: Dr. Paul A. Gade. Subject Matter POC: John M. Levine 14. ABSTRACT (Maximum 200 words...Concepts Office Paul A. Gade, Chief U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences 2511 Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, Virginia... Lazarsfeld & Merton, 1954; McPherson & Smith-Lovin, 1987), and (3) social relativity (Festinger, 1954; Merton, 1968). Activities. In order to use Construct
Kearney, Arthur; Harrington, Denis; Kelliher, Felicity
Purpose: The paper has been developed from a critical review of available literature drawn from the micro firm, managerial capability and innovation management fields. The paper aims to address these issues. Design/methodology/approach: The paper has been developed from a critical review of available literature drawn from the micro firm,…
Full Text Available Introduction: The main objective of all organizations is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the personnel’s performance and this partly depends on effective management. Managers are valuable assets and studying their behavior and personality dimensions may provide important guide for effectiveness and efficiency improvement. In this connection, the objective of this research is to determine the association between organizational effectiveness and the personnel managers’ position of control in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Methods: The present research is a cross-sectional study. The statistical societies of this research included all personnel and personnel managers in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. 168 subjects of 8 departments were selected through accidental-stratified sampling and the data for the managers of these departments were also collected. Two questionnaires, organizational effectiveness and Ratters’ position of control, were used for data collection. Results: The results of this research showed that there was a significant association between organizational effectiveness and managers’ position of control. However, we didn’t find a statistically significant association between organizational effectiveness and managers’ position of control in terms of their sex, managerial experience and education. Conclusion: As managers with internal position of control are more effective than those with external position of control, we can appoint individuals with internal control position to managerial posts. Furthermore, we can train managers to shift their external position of control to the internal one.
artificial intelligence, robotics , directed energy weapons, millimeter/microwave integrated circuits and composite materials can lead to systems that...Group MOS Military Occupational Specialty MPT Manpower Personnel Training MPTTA Manpower, Petsonnel and Training Trade-off Analysis A-2 .. . .. . MRSA ...Army is investigating and developing robotic systems to 0 G-1 meet threat scenarios and to reduce MPT demads. This example is provided to illustrate the
McClure, Kevin R.
Although researchers have explored dimensions of academic capitalism among students and faculty members, knowledge of the roles of administrators at all levels is underdeveloped in the literature. This institutional case study of a public research-extensive university examines the roles of executive and managerial administrators in bringing a…
Butcher, Jennifer; Kritsonis, William Allan
Human Resource Management is a branch of an organization which recruits and develops personnel to promote the organization's objectives. Human Resource Management involves interviewing applicants, training staff, and employee retention. Compensation, benefits, employee/labor relations, health, safety, and security issues are a few of the aspects…
... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Health and hygiene of personnel. 590..., Processing, and Facility Requirements § 590.560 Health and hygiene of personnel. (a) Personnel facilities... wearing cloth bandages on hands shall be permitted to come in contact with eggs in any form or...
Donders, N.C.G.M.; Gulden, J.W.J. van der; Furer, J.W.; Tax, L.C.M.M.; Roscam Abbing, E.W.
OBJECTIVE. (1) To investigate the contribution of job characteristics and personal characteristics to the explanation of health effects among university personnel; (2) to investigate the differences between scientific personnel (SP) and non-scientific personnel (NSP); (3) to investigate whether heal
Rapp, Marc Steffen
While some of the modern performance measures used in managerial accounting rely on cash flow based figures others try to take advantage of the information content of accounting figures. However, whether the additional information content in the accrual components of earnings improves the internal performance measurement is an open empirical question. To shed light on this question, I examine the correlation between operating cash flows and earnings with firm's total shareholder returns. Usin...
Tarykin, V. [Operation Personnel Training Department, Khmelnitsky NPP, Training Center, Neteshin 30100, Khmelnitsky region (Ukraine)]. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Modern personnel training and retraining system is a guarantee of NPPs safe reliable operation. Since the time when independence of Ukraine was proclaimed personnel training system was created directly at NPPs. This system is based on the latest legislation framework, developed subject to IAEA recommendations, gained international experience in the field of personnel training in view of increased demands to personnel qualification. Training Centers, formed at each plant, form one of the main components of NPP personnel training. Personnel training at Training Centers is performed in accordance with standard programmes. Simulator training base was created by joint efforts of specialists from the USA, Russia and Ukraine. Establishing manager training system and replacement reserves for National Nuclear Energy Generating Company 'ENERGOATOM' (NNEGC 'ENERGOATOM') managerial personnel, including training programme and training materials development, teacher selection and training, is under way. (author)
Based on analysis of existing approaches to the definition of "management " and "innovation" in the investigation of the author 's interpretation of "managerial innovations". The necessity of introduction of managerial innovations in the conditions of operation of industrial enterprises.
Discusses the backgrounds and qualifications appropriate for a library personnel administrator, including (1) a master's degree in library science; (2) library work experience; (3) additional training in administration, personnel management, organizational development, and psychology; and (4) personal attributes such as good communication skills,…
Walston, S L; Kimberly, J R; Burns, L R
In the recent past, a number of managerial innovations--including product line management, total quality management, and reengineering--have swept through the hospital industry. Given their pervasiveness and their cost, understanding the mix of factors that influences their adoption is of theoretical interest and practical relevance. The research reported here focuses on this general question by examining influences on the adoption and extensiveness of a particular managerial innovation, hospital reengineering. The results suggest that while economic and institutional factors have influenced the adoption and extensiveness of hospital reengineering, institutional forces play a more important role. The greater influence of institutional forces may be attributed to the high degree of uncertainty in health care, the causal ambiguity of the innovation, and the anticipatory actions of hospitals attempting to position themselves in a rapidly changing environment.
... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Powers and duties of the Administrative Law Judge during prehearing proceedings. 2423.24 Section 2423.24 Administrative Personnel FEDERAL... Administrative Law Judge shall regulate the course and scheduling of prehearing matters, including...
Norton, M. Scott
This article emphasizes the paramount importance of the human resources function in the school system--specifically, in the implementation of an effective school public relations program and in the quality of leadership given by the administrators and the professional and classified staffs. The article submits that school administrators at every…
Full Text Available Abstract Background The regulations of the Quality Management System (QMS implementation in health care organizations were approved by the Lithuanian Ministry of Health in 1998. Following the above regulations, general managers of health care organizations had to initiate the QMS implementation in hospitals. As no research on the QMS implementation has been carried out in Lithuanian support treatment and nursing hospitals since, the objective of this study is to assess its current stage from a managerial perspective. Methods A questionnaire survey of general managers of Lithuanian support treatment and nursing hospitals was carried out in the period of January through March 2005. Majority of the items included in the questionnaire were measured on a seven-point Likert scale. During the survey, a total of 72 questionnaires was distributed, out of which 58 filled-in ones were returned (response rate 80.6 per cent; standard sampling error 0.029 at 95 per cent level of confidence. Results Quality Management Systems were found operating in 39.7 per cent of support treatment and nursing hospitals and currently under implementation in 46.6 per cent of hospitals (13.7% still do not have it. The mean of the respondents' perceived QMS significance is 5.8 (on a seven-point scale. The most critical issues related to the QMS implementation include procedure development (5.5, lack of financial resources (5.4 and information (5.1, and development of work guidelines (4.6, while improved responsibility and power sharing (5.2, better service quality (5.1 and higher patient satisfaction (5.1 were perceived by the respondents as the key QMS benefits. The level of satisfaction with the QMS among the management of the surveyed hospitals is mediocre (3.6. However it was found to be higher among respondents who were more competent in quality management, were familiar with ISO 9000 standards, and had higher numbers of employees trained in quality management. Conclusion
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the perceptions of the employees in five-star hotels their regarding managerial ethics and professional burnout levels and also to present the relationship between managerial ethics and professional burnout level. Survey method was used as data collection instrument. A total of 385 questionnaires were implemented on employees working in five-star hotels operating in Istanbul, Turkey and Palermo, Italy. Independent Samples t Test was used for the comparison of data obtained from each country. Furthermore, the relationship between managerial ethics and professional burnout was described through correlation and regression analyses, as a result meaningful correlations between the variables (managerial ethics and professional burnout are found.
King, Gail Hoover; McConnell, Cheryl
Teaching introductory accounting courses can be both challenging and rewarding. In introductory financial and managerial accounting, students struggle with the unfamiliar terminology and concepts. However, managerial accounting offers distinct challenges in that managerial accounting reports used for decision-making are not publically available,…
Bakó, Barna; Kálecz-Simon, András
The relationship of managerial bonuses and profit maximization is interesting both from an economic and a managerial viewpoint. Our contribution to this literature is showing that progressive managerial bonuses can increase profits in a spatial Bertrand competition, and furthermore they can help collusion.
ucM) q 24 WWESWEEPMR (MCJ/M" 28 MOBLE NHORE UNDERSEA WAAR LHTS 4 ADPICIIA 94PS (LST/LSf) 22 CRAFT OF OPPORTIJT UNITS (COOP) 4 SALVAE SUPS (ARS) 4...Centers with the aid of computer technology . Once decentralized, personnel data would .- be captured, maintained, and reported at the local level. In... Technology Mr. Eugene R. Hall 202/696-4844 Novel Training Systems Center 305/646-4498 ,- CDR George Connor, USU Office of the CNO, Op-091 Dr. Stanley A
Gonca Kılıç; Elbeyi Pelit; Özlem Altınöz
The purpose of this study is to determine the perceptions of the employees in five-star hotels their regarding managerial ethics and professional burnout levels and also to present the relationship between managerial ethics and professional burnout level. Survey method was used as data collection instrument. A total of 385 questionnaires were implemented on employees working in five-star hotels operating in Istanbul, Turkey and Palermo, Italy. Independent Samples t Test was used for the compa...
Anspach, J.P.; Anspach, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Walters, B.G. [Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Crain, B.Jr. [Savannah River Lab., Aiken, SC (United States)
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) uses sensitive or classified parts and material that must be protected and accounted for. We believe there is a need for an automated system that can help protect and monitor these parts and material. In response to this need Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has developed a real-time personnel and material tracking system called PAMTRAK that has been installed at selected DOE facilities. PAMTRAK safeguards sensitive parts and material by tracking tags worn by personnel and by monitoring sensors attached to the parts or material. This paper describes our goals when designing PAMTRAK, the PAMTRAK system components, our current installations, and the benefits a site can expect when using PAMTRAK. So far PAMTRAK has been installed exclusively at government facilities; however, it is also applicable to private industries that need to protect high value assets. Through government programs such as CRADAs, SBIRs, and other mechanisms, the DOE often works with private industry to promote further development and commercialization of national laboratory developed technologies. SNL supports and welcomes partners and new users of PAMTRAK.
Organisations need to think globally, but act locally - with a full appreciation of the diversity of local cultures. Major global companies must recognise that policies need to be managed with the broad context of business strategy and integrated into the work culture with the support of all elements of human resources management. Most currently, companies are accommodating national cultural differences while preserving work culture principals that encourage people to effectively execute the company's strategic objectives. Even to the casual observer, it is apparent that culture- a society's programming of the mind- has both a pervasive and changing influence on each national business environment. Global managers must recognise the influence of culture and be prepared to either respond to it or change it. This book examines current research in the study of managerial technology transfer.
Kemp, N. D.
Engineers evaluating Space Shuttle flight data and performance results are using a massive data base of wind tunnel test data. A wind tunnel test data base of the magnitude attained is a major accomplishment. The Apollo program spawned an automated wind tunnel data analysis system called SADSAC developed by the Chrysler Space Division. An improved version of this system renamed DATAMAN was used by Chrysler to document analyzed wind tunnel data and data bank the test data in standardized formats. These analysis documents, associated computer graphics and standard formatted data were disseminated nationwide to the Shuttle technical community. These outputs became the basis for substantiating and certifying the flight worthiness of the Space Shuttle and for improving future designs. As an aid to future programs this paper documents the lessons learned in compiling the massive wind tunnel test data base for developing the Space Shuttle. In particular, innovative managerial and technical concepts evolved in the course of conceiving and developing this successful DATAMAN system and the methods and organization for applying the system are presented.
Full Text Available Newly independent states occur after the collapse of Soviet Union. A number of Turkish Higher Education Institutes were opened in Central Asia after this event. One of them is the International Ataturk Alatoo University. The International Ataturk Alatoo University is one of the first private universities established in the Kyrgyz Republic that started its educational activity in 1996. International Ataturk Alatoo University aims at being the best model for higher education depending on the highest education standards and norms in newly reshaping Central Asia. The International Atatürk Alatoo University has an education mentality motivating free thinking and personal skills in a world in which paradigms are rapidly changing. In this paper, in order to find the answer for ‘what makes International Atatürk Alatoo University different from other institutes’; the strategies and features of International Atatürk Alatoo University were examined from the managerial and educational perspectives, interviews were made with students, lecturers and businessmen. Opinions of those people who have different University experiences (one International Atatürk Alatoo University experience and one local or International were collected and discussed. By this way success factors and problems faced in the region were explained.
Full Text Available Through this scientific research report “MANAGEMENT ASPECTS IN THE PERSONNEL REMUNERATION AND STIMULATION ACTIVITIES AT S.C. TASMANIA S.R.L.” we plan to investigate the remuneration and stimulation method from the human resources department within S.C. Tasmania. Studying in detail the personnel’s remuneration and stimulation we have tried to present the main policy aspects at S.C. Tasmania in human resources domain: integration of the human resource management in the overall management of the company, creating a favorable climate for conducting the activities,professional development, evaluation and motivation, employee involvement in the decision making process.We conclude that the development of management theory and practice in personnel remuneration and stimulation in an open field for performance and professionalism of the managerial team of Tasmania S.R.L.
Berrio Rueda, Diana; Echeverria Monsalve, Angelica; Hoyos Jaramillo, Andres
Background Several researchers have studied atmospheric factors like crowding, col-ours, music and olfactory cues and tested their effect on shopping behav-iour. In the particular case of the influence of music in consumers‟ be-haviour, several notable observations have been made. Yet, the majority of the studies have focused on the phenomena of the music and the influences of its different factors towards consumers‟ be-haviour but little research has focused on managerial awareness of such e...
The Assessment Centre is a process involving a number of participants who take part in a series of individual and group exercises administered by a specialist, while being observed by several specially trained impartial observers. The prime objective of the Assessment Centre is the assessment of managerial personnel, and consequently the exercises in which the participants are involved simulate the problems and challenges of jobs for which their potential is being considered. Such jobs are re...
Goldschmidt, Y; Gafni, A
The economic aspect of depreciation and interest on capital are incorporated within a managerial accounting framework by treating both items as imputed charges to be debited to the users of the assets' services. The costs of these services is examined for individual assets that provide either uniform or declining service over the expected life, and for a stock of assets where the character of the individual assets is ignored. By using imputed charges, the hospital's net income is allocated to its sources.
Full Text Available Cycle time management plays an important role in improving the performance of a wafer fabrication factory. It starts from the estimation of the cycle time of each job in the wafer fabrication factory. Although this topic has been widely investigated, several issues still need to be addressed, such as how to classify jobs suitable for the same estimation mechanism into the same group. In contrast, in most existing methods, jobs are classified according to their attributes. However, the differences between the attributes of two jobs may not be reflected on their cycle times. The bi-objective nature of classification and regression tree (CART makes it especially suitable for tackling this problem. However, in CART, the cycle times of jobs of a branch are estimated with the same value, which is far from accurate. For these reason, this study proposes a joint use of principal component analysis (PCA, CART, and back propagation network (BPN, in which PCA is applied to construct a series of linear combinations of original variables to form new variables that are as unrelated to each other as possible. According to the new variables, jobs are classified using CART before estimating their cycle times with BPNs. A real case was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology. The experimental results supported the superiority of the proposed methodology over some existing methods. In addition, the managerial implications of the proposed methodology are also discussed with an example.
Macinati, Manuela S; Cantaluppi, Gabriele; Rizzo, Marco Giovanni
This study explains the process ''how'' organizational accounting practices, such as budgetary participation, influence medical doctors' perceptions and beliefs associated with their hybrid role and what the consequences are on their performance. Building on social cognitive theory, we hypothesize a structural model in which managerial self-efficacy and role clarity mediate the effects of budgetary participation on performance. The data were collected by a survey conducted in an Italian hospital. The research hypotheses were tested employing a path model. The results suggest that role clarity and managerial self-efficacy fully mediate the link between budgetary participation and performance. From a managerial viewpoint results suggest that organizations that invest in budgetary participation will also affect individual beliefs about the perceived benefits of participation itself, since an information-rich internal environment allows employees to experience a clearer sense of direction through organizational goals. According to our results, organizations that seek self-directed employees should pay attention to the experience the medical managers acquire through budgetary participation. In fact, this event influences the employees' mental states-and specifically provides them with information needed to perform in the role and enhance their judgment of their own capabilities to organize and execute the required course of actions-which take on internal psychological motivation to reach performance levels.
Professional ethics is the sum of moral standards,moral sentiments and moral quality,which meets the requirements of occupation characteristics and is closely related to people's occu-pation activities, so it is not only the behavior standard and re-quirement for the personnel in certain occupation activity, but al-so the moral responsibility and obligation for the society shoul-dered by the occupation. This paper analyzes the current situa-tion and anomie reasons of the professional ethics construction of the administrative personnel, points out the particularity and spe-cific norms of their professional ethics, expounds the counter-measures of professional ethics construction, and emphasizes that the professional ethics construction of administrative personnel is of great significance to realize the rule of law.%职业道德，就是同人们的职业活动紧密联系的符合职业特点所要求的道德准则、道德情操与道德品质的总和，它既是对本职人员在职业活动中行为标准和要求，同时又是职业对社会所负的道德责任与义务。文章通过对行政人员职业道德建设的现状及失范原因进行分析，指出了行政人员职业道德的特殊性及行政道德准则和具体规范，阐明了职业道德建设的对策，强调了行政人员职业道德素质建设对实现依法治国具有重要意义。
Dykmann, Klaas; Lewis, Jenny; Bentzen, Sune Raahede
and identified structural shortcomings. Our analysis shows that New Public Management ideas were in circulation in the UN at this time. It also demonstrates the different pressures that international bureaucracies face in regard to their personnel. This is likely to make their responses to reform pressures......This article examines whether reform ideas that gained influence in national-level bureaucracies in the 1970s were also on the United Nations’ internal agenda. The Joint Inspection Unit (Bertrand) Report of 1971 is the focus of this analysis, as it addressed personnel problems in the UN Secretariat...
adolescents by Li (2006, 2007) indicate that about a quarter of junior high students have been victims of cyberbullying , and almost 15% have...personnel security due both to the presence of existing security issues and potential effects on psychological outcomes and workplace...performance. Although cyberculture has many beneficial effects , this project evaluates how participation can negatively affect personnel security and
杨扬; 马元驹; 朱小平
心理学和行为经济学的研究表明，人们的判断和决策往往受到心态和情绪的影响，企业管理者在经营活动中表现出的超出一般自信水平的情绪状态称为管理者过度自信。这种“非理性”的管理者过度自信与企业绩效是否存在相关关系，本文使用披露了业绩预告的上市公司盈利预测偏差作为衡量管理者过度自信的指标，对我国沪、深股市2005--2009年存在管理者过度自信的上市公司样本进行了研究，发现企业经营绩效与“非理性”的管理者过度自信存在正相关关系。管理者过度自信的企业相对于其他企业能够得到2．8％的业绩提高，这种与业绩正相关的关系在国有企业当中尤为明显。%The study of psychology and behavioral economics indicates that people＇ s decisions are always affected by mind and emotion. Managerial overconfidence is a kind of irrational behavior when managers show extraordinary confi- dence over their companies. Is there anything good related to managerial overconfidence？ The paper analyzes listed companies which disclosed performance forecasts from 2005 to 2009 in Shanghai Stock Market and Shenzhen Stock Market, and thinks that there exists managerial overconfidence when there is a deviation between the forecast and the fact in the company. The study shows that there is a positive correlation between firm performance and ＂irrational＂ managerial over- confidence. The companies in which there exists managerial overconfidence can have a performance improvement of 2.8% compared with other companies, and the performance improvement is more obvious in state-owned enterprises.
... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administration. 831.101 Section 831.101 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT Administration and General Provisions § 831.101 Administration. (a) OPM has charge of...
绩效考评是高校绩效管理过程中最为核心的环节。当前高校对行政人员的绩效考核，无法全面、准确和客观地评价其工作实绩，难以形成有效的激励，建立科学合理的高校行政人员绩效考评机制势在必行。从数据化考评指标的设计、考评标准的确定和指标权重的配置等方面，构建高校行政人员绩效考评数据化模型，可以提高广大行政管理人员的积极性、服务水平及工作效率。%Performance appraisal is the central chain in the course of the performance management of the higher education. The present performance appraisal of the higher education to the administrative personnel cannot completely, accurately and objectively evaluate their work achievement, so it is difficult to virtually inspire them. Therefore, it is imper performance for the administrative personnel ativ of e to construct an efficient and rational appraisal system for the higher education. To construct a datamation pattern from such aspects as the design of the datamation on, and the distribution of the target balance can of those administrative personnel of the higher ed appraisal target, the confirmation of the appraisal criteri improve the enthusiasm, service level and work efficiency ucatlon
Nayman, Oguz; And Others
Reports on a comparison of Colorado public relations personnel and newspaper journalists, which focused on demographic characteristics, professional orientation, job satisfaction, and attitude toward professional improvement. (GW)
....6720 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES UNIFORM... Account 6611, Product management and sales); and (5) Administering investor relations. (e) Performing... programs; (8) Personnel policy development; (9) Employee communications; (10) Benefit administration;...
Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Hashemi
Full Text Available Innovative organizational behaviors and empowering organizational environments can function reciprocally toward ensuring organizational performance and sustainability in long term. This study aimed at analyzing the relationships between Psychological Empowerment (PE, Perceived Organizational Support (POS, and Creative Performance (CP. Through a literature review, we examined causal relationships among these variables. The subjects of the study were agricultural personnel (n = 80 of Karaj city, Iran. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, confirmatory factor analysis, and the structural equation modeling. Results of this study, showed that agricultural personnel had moderate level of Creative Performance (CP (Mean = 3.35. Moreover, results of correlation analysis and structural equation modeling procedure showed that Psychological Empowerment (PE significantly affected Creative Performance (CP more than that of Perceived Organizational Support (POS (β = 0.29, p<0.01. Overall, the present study recommended that the agricultural organization environment should promote agricultural personnel’s creative behaviors through improving their perceptions of psychological empowerment. Finally, the research provided managerial implications.
Social Security Administration — SSA provides the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) with tax returns, Social Security benefits, and military retirement information for the purpose of correctly...
Intended as a guide to staff training and administration in the British distributive trades, this book begins by considering the special managerial needs and problems of retailers. It goes on to discuss job satisfaction and dissatisfaction, job analysis, recruitment and reception of new employees, management development (including the evaluation…
Jamal Bahri Sales
Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to measure the effect of managerial ability on earning quality on selected firms listed on Tehran Stock Exchange over the period 2007-2013. The proposed study uses data envelopment analysis to measure the relative efficiency of selected firms where Sales is considered as output and Cost of goods (COGS, Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (SG&A, Net Property Plant and Equipment (PPE, Net operating Leases (OpsLease, Research & Development (R&D, Purchased Good will (Goodwill and Other intangible assets (OtherIntan are considered as inputs. Earning quality in this survey consists of three parts of quality of accruals, earnings and earnings forecast persistence. The results of our survey have indicated that managerial ability influences positively on earning quality.
Full Text Available Decision-making is defined as a selection of a certain actionamong several alternatives. It is the essence of planning, asin the managerial sense there is no plan until a decision of engagementof resources, reputation and direction of activities ismade. Decision-making is, in fact, only a step in planning, evenwhen it is performed quickly and without special consideration.It is what we all experience every day. It is one of the most fascinatingbiological activities and the subject of frightening implicationsfor the whole human race. Since various techniques improvethe system and the quality of managerial decision-making,they are classified into three assumptions: risk analysis, decision-making trees, and the theory of revealed preference. Allof these are based on the interaction of a certain number of importantvariables out of which many contain the elements ofuncertainty, but maybe also high level of probability.
and resilience related to mental health treatment-seeking by AF nursing personnel? To assess the extent accessing MH services in AF nursing ...personnel are influenced by: perceived stigma and barriers to care , resilience, perceived stress, demographic characteristics, military grade and previous deployment.
Shirley, S; Stampfl, R
The purpose of this explanatory and prescriptive article is to identify interdisciplinary theories used by hospital development to direct its practice. The article explores, explains, and applies theories and principles from behavioral, social, and managerial disciplines. Learning, motivational, organizational, marketing, and attitudinal theories are incorporated and transformed into the fundamental components of a conceptual framework that provides an overview of the practice of hospital development. How this discipline incorporates these theories to design, explain, and prescribe the focus of its own practice is demonstrated. This interdisciplinary approach results in a framework for practice that is adaptable to changing social, cultural, economic, political, and technological environments.
Full Text Available The paper is an analysis of the situation of rural development in Prahova county in all fields and aspects: agriculture and food industry, forestry, infrastructure, tourism, law and legislation, regional and government support towards rural entrepreneurs and inhabitants, rural life, customs and traditions, but also the impact of the European Agricultural Policy . The quantity analysis is based upon statistical data retrieved from Romanian statistical yearbook, while the quality analysis is based on discussions with the main actors and stakeholders in order to determine the managerial measurements that need to be taken.
Glaze, S.; LeBlanc, A.D.; Bushong, S.C.; Griffith, D.P.
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) has provided a nonsurgical approach to treatment of renal stones. The Dornier lithotripter uses dual image intensified x-ray systems to center the stone before treatment. Three imaging modes are offered: a fluoroscopic mode and two video spot filming modes. The average entrance exposure to the stone side of the typical patient at our facility is 2.6 X 10(-3) C kg-1 (10 R) (range: 0.5-7.7 X 10(-3) C kg-1 (2-30 R)) which is comparable and often much less than that reported for percutaneous lithotripsy. Recommendations are made for minimizing patient exposure. Scattered radiation levels in the lithotripter room are presented. We have determined that Pb protective apparel is not required during this procedure provided x-ray operation is temporarily halted should personnel be required to lean directly over the tub to attend to the patient. If the walls of the ESWL room are greater than 1.83 m (6 feet) from the tub, shielding in addition to conventional construction is not required.
Glaze, S; LeBlanc, A D; Bushong, S C; Griffith, D P
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) has provided a nonsurgical approach to treatment of renal stones. The Dornier lithotripter uses dual image intensified x-ray systems to center the stone before treatment. Three imaging modes are offered: a fluoroscopic mode and two video spot filming modes. The average entrance exposure to the stone side of the typical patient at our facility is 2.6 X 10(-3) C kg-1 (10 R) [range: 0.5-7.7 X 10(-3) C kg-1 (2-30 R)] which is comparable and often much less than that reported for percutaneous lithotripsy. Recommendations are made for minimizing patient exposure. Scattered radiation levels in the lithotripter room are presented. We have determined that Pb protective apparel is not required during this procedure provided x-ray operation is temporarily halted should personnel be required to lean directly over the tub to attend to the patient. If the walls of the ESWL room are greater than 1.83 m (6 feet) from the tub, shielding in addition to conventional construction is not required.
Personnel training and employment needs in connection with food service were studied through interviews with hospital administrators and food service managers in 25 selected Tennessee hospitals. Mentioned most often by managers as important were the areas of communications and human relations for all job classifications except food preparation,…
Full Text Available In industrial and organizational psychology, there is a long tradition of studying personality as an antecedent of work outcomes. Recently, however, scholars have suggested that personality characteristics may not only predict, but also change due to certain work experiences, a notion that is depicted in the dynamic developmental model (DDM of personality and work. Upward job changes are an important part of employees' careers and career success in particular, and we argue that these career transitions can shape personality over time. In this study, we investigate the Big Five personality characteristics as both predictors and outcomes of upward job changes into managerial and professional positions. We tested our hypotheses by applying event history analyses and propensity score matching to a longitudinal dataset collected over five years from employees in Australia. Results indicated that participants' openness to experience not only predicted, but that changes in openness to experience also followed from upward job changes into managerial and professional positions. Our findings thus provide support for a dynamic perspective on personality characteristics in the context of work and careers.
Full Text Available Dear Editor, “Complex role in complex times” that is what nurse managers have as the one on the most key roles in the hospital.1 They are not just about managing staff schedules, but also need to have a vision and able to inspire them.2 Thus, competent nurse managers are needed. Research suggests that employees and employers are looking for similar characteristics or personality traits in their leaders. Personality trait refers to the dimensions of individual differences in tendencies to show consistent patterns of thoughts, feelings and actions.3 Personality trait seems able to explain why a person acts the way he/she does when in a leadership position. Research aggregated the results of 222 correlations contained in 73 studies of personality and leadership performance by involving 25,000 managers from every level in organizations across every industry sector.4 There were four of the five dimensions of the big five personality were significantly correlated with leadership emergence and effectiveness with adjustment / emotional stability as the best predictor, and agreeableness as the weakest predictor.4 Scholars who believe in data, these findings definitively indicate that personality predicts leadership behaviors across all organizational levels and industry sectors, and does so more powerfully than any known alternative.5 Personality traits relate to leader behaviors to a greater extent and less ambiguously than earlier reviews had suggested.6 However, although there are clear evidences in examining the relationship between personality and leadership or managerial behavior, it is also important that there are cons about the degree to which personality is related to managerial or leadership behavior Literature indicates that personality traits cannot be concluded to determine leadership with some considerations: (1 it is impossible to find one specific personality trait that characterizes leaders and (2 it is impossible to isolate a
Administration is the art of getting tasks done by utilizing the resources and coordinating the people. Administrators give trigger to the administration by coordinating, and directing all parts of an organization by managing the tangible and intangible resources of the organization. The qualities of leadership are therefore a critical determinant of organizational success. The theories of leadership (Trait to Transformational leadership theory) have strived to look into the aspects that make...
Dr. Amporn Tamronglak
Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to present a performance evaluation framework for teacher and educational personnel in Thailand. Based on the research funded by Office of the Teacher Civil Service and Educational Personnel Commission, it is aimed primarily to study the model of academic standing assessment of teacher civil service and educational personnel and to develop criteria and methods for the four tracks of personnel in Thailand, including teaching, educational institution administration, educational administration, and educational supervision. Various methods in gathering data for the study were employed, including 1 documentary research of four different countries, such as United States of America, England, Singapore and Hong Kong; 2 site visits to the government agencies responsible for educational assessment and development and schools in Hong Kong and Singapore; 3 in-depth interviews with Executives in Ministry of Education and a number of stakeholders who had requested for the promotional assessment from all four career tracks; 4 focus group method among experts in the field; and 5 public hearing opened to all stakeholders in teaching careers was also organized to gather comments and suggestions and finetune the proposed framework prior to submission to the Office of the Teacher Civil Service and Educational Personnel Commission for further application in the future.
高校人事管理问题探析及相应建议--基于人事争议的问卷调查结果%Investigation and Suggestions of Problems in the Personnel Administration in Universities---conclusions based on the results of questionnaires into personnel controversies
Nowadays, there is an increasing need of solving the problems in the human resources of institutes of higher education. For building up a modern institution and constitution in universities legally and democratically, we must be face the problems seriously. Through questionnaires that cover more than 60 institutions across the country and our careful analysis and summary, we found that the main problems are the over-expanding administration, a lack of respect for de-mocracy, defective management system, insufficient administration and imbalance of teaching, researching and morality. Based on these, we provide 6 suggestions to diminish disputes on human resources so as to build a harmonious cam-pus.%高校人事管理存在的问题，是高校建立现代大学制度、制定大学章程，实现高校依法治校、民主办学必须面对的问题。通过对全国60所高校的问卷调查的分析总结，得出结论：高校人事管理中存在的主要问题是高校行政权力泛化、民主权得不到充分尊重，高校的制度不完善、管理不到位以及没有摆正“师德、教学、科研”三者之间的关系。由此提出了避免和减少高校人事争议的六条建议。
... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative assignment. 351.705 Section 351.705 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS REDUCTION IN FORCE Assignment Rights (Bump and Retreat) § 351.705 Administrative assignment. (a) An...
Full Text Available Managerial accounting plays an important role for making prompt and efficient decisions to reduce troubles in the market. However, there are many circumstances where management team cannot make appropriate, fast and reliable managerial decisions. In this paper, we present a survey in cement industry and look to find out important factors as major barriers of managerial accounting implementation. The proposed model of this paper designs and distributes questionnaire among management teams who work for cement industry in Iran. The results of the survey indicate that lack of familiarity of managers with managerial accounting techniques, existence of unprofessional people in financial and accounting affairs and lack of having globally acceptable standards are major barriers in this industry for implementation of managerial accounting skills. However, our survey does not find any relationship between market turbulence and efficiency and implementation of managerial accounting skills.
Rusu Liviu Dumitru
Full Text Available Globalization has deeply turned the macroeconomic environment as well as the behaviour of organizations on the global market. Increasingly fierce competition on this market has contributed to the emergence and crystallization of the euro management which was called upon to respond to this challenge. It is closely related to organizational culture and developed on the basis of the integration of markets and economies which led to the appearance, in the management area, of a methods ’ concentration, management techniques and methodologies specific to the European countries. As a part of the European management, the Romanian management involves the formulation of some specific traits, defining features, detached from its approach both on processes and management functions as well as on the components of the management system. This approach results from the organization's system feature called "management system". The objectives of this work consist in the formulation of some relevant answers to questions like: "Do the Romanian Managers have a certain conception in terms of functions of the management processes?"; "Was there outlined a specific content for each of the five managerial functions?"; "Is the content of the management components /subsystems already patterned?". As a methodology, from the answer to these questions , there will be taken some conclusions on the "Romanian management" from the theoretical-methodological point of view as a first stage and, on the second stage, as a pragmatic approach on the Romanian organizations and generally within the business environment in Romania. As a result, in the end we present the defining elements of the "Romanian management pattern", to the extent that we come to the conclusion that one can speak of such a model and which are the common and distinct traits as against the European management.
The Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) recognizes that unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) also known as nursing assistive personnel (NAP) can function as supportive members of the health care team under the direction of the professional registered nurse (AWHONN, 2010). The professional registered nurse is ultimately responsible for the coordination and delivery of nursing care to women and newborns.
Korolenko, V V; Dykun, O P; Isayenko, R M; Remennyk, O I; Avramenko, T P; Stepanenko, V I; Petrova, K I; Volosovets, O P; Lazoryshynets, V V
The health care system, its modernization and optimization are among the most important functions of the modern Ukrainian state. The main goal of the reforms in the field of healthcare is to improve the health of the population, equal and fair access for all to health services of adequate quality. Important place in the health sector reform belongs to optimizing the structure and function of dermatovenereological service. The aim of this work is to address the issue of human resources management of dermatovenereological services during health sector reform in Ukraine, taking into account the real possibility of disengagement dermatovenereological providing care between providers of primary medical care level (general practitioners) and providers of secondary (specialized) and tertiary (high-specialized) medical care (dermatovenerologists and pediatrician dermatovenerologists), and coordinating interaction between these levels. During research has been found, that the major problems of human resources of dermatovenereological service are insufficient staffing and provision of health-care providers;,growth in the number of health workers of retirement age; sectoral and regional disparity of staffing; the problem of improving the skills of medical personnel; regulatory support personnel policy areas and create incentives for staff motivation; problems of rational use of human resources for health care; problems of personnel training for dermatovenereological service. Currently reforming health sector should primarily serve the needs of the population in a fairly effective medical care at all levels, to ensure that there must be sufficient qualitatively trained and motivated health workers. To achieve this goal directed overall work of the Ministry of Health of Uktaine, the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, medical universities, regional health authorities, professional medical associations. Therefore Ukrainian dermatovenereological care, in particular
Marko D. Andrejić
Full Text Available The significance of education in logistics and education and training of cadets who belong to non-logistic services (non-logistic personnel will be presented. The logistical aspects of education of non-logistic personnel are elaborated as well as the knowledge in the area of logistics which is necessary to be transferred through the educational process to non-logistic personnel for the successful accomplishment of their functional duties. A general approach and the methods of logistics education and improvement of non-logistic personnel are presented as well as the institutional prerequisites necessary for improving the quality of logistics education and training. The quality of the knowledge in this area and its implementation into the methods of thinking and decision making of non-logistic personnel affect the cooperation between the non-logistic and the logistic personnel, directly contributing to the quality of life and working conditions of units and institutions as well as to the quality and synergy in task accomplishments in the framework defined by the missions of the Army of Serbia. The necessary content and means of its transfer to cadets are discussed since they are supposed to be available at all levels and forms of education, depending on the previous cadet education levels. The theoretical bases and experiences shown are of general character and they have a universal application in the process of education. Introduction In our recent defense theory and operational practice, logistics education of non-logistic personnel is not sufficiently analyzed either in organizational or technological aspects, considering the concept and the logic of a systematic and a situational approach. The analysis of the experiences gained from operational practice shows a slight decrease in the quality of task accomplishment due to the lack of necessary logistic knowledge and habits as well as an increased communication gap between logistic and non
Skaggs, Sheryl; Stainback, Kevin; Duncan, Phyllis
Previous theory and research suggests that workplace gender composition at the highest organizational levels should play a crucial role in reducing gender linked inequalities in the workplace. In this article, we examine how the presence of women in top corporate positions influences female managerial representation at the establishment-level. Using a unique multi-level dataset of 5679 establishments nested within 81 Fortune 1000 corporations, we find that having more women on corporate boards, but not in executive positions, at the firm-level is associated with greater female managerial representation at the establishment-level. The results also show that women are more likely to be in management positions when employed in young, large, and managerially intensive workplaces, as well as those with a larger percentage of female non-managers. Implications for future research and policy implementation are discussed.
Turner, Patricia V.; Brabb, Thea; Pekow, Cynthia; Vasbinder, Mary Ann
Administration of substances to laboratory animals requires careful consideration and planning to optimize delivery of the agent to the animal while minimizing potential adverse experiences from the procedure. For all species, many different routes are available for administration of substances. The research team and IACUC members should be aware of reasons for selecting specific routes and of training and competency necessary for personnel to use these routes effectively. Once a route is sel...
... Section 318.310 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Canning and Canned Products § 318.310 Personnel and training. All operators of thermal processing systems... properly training supervisors of canning operations....
La industria de la consultoría y la constitución de la élite managerial de las grandes empresas argentinas The consulting industry and the constitution of the managerial elite of large Argentinean companies
Full Text Available Este artículo se propone analizar el rol que desempeña la industria de la consultoría en la constitución de la élite managerial de las grandes empresas en Argentina. La intención es mostrar que las consultoras tienen un papel destacado en los procesos organizacionales de estas firmas ya que muchas veces participan directamente en los procesos de selección de los dirigentes -encargándose de las "pruebas" de reclutamiento, de evaluación, de promoción- así como en la constitución de relaciones de sociabilidad que intervienen activando posibilidades desiguales de carrera profesional.The purpose of this article is to analyze the role adopted by the consulting industry in the constitution of the managerial elite of large companies in Argentina. The goal is to show that the consulting firms have an outstanding role in the organizational processes of large Argentinean companies. They often participate directly in the leader's selection process - being in charged of the recruitment tests, evaluation, and promotion- as well as in the constitution of sociability relations that generate unequal possibilities of professional career.
van der Wal, Z.; Yang, L.
This article assesses the validity of normative claims on how civil servant values in East Asian and Western European administrations differ. By triangulating quantitative and qualitative survey data from a sample of Chinese (n = 508) and Dutch (n = 238) civil servants, we aim to answer two main res
Veranth, Martha M; Cheson, Christine
A computerized system developed at LDS Hospital in Salt Lake City, Utah for staffing and scheduling PRN nursing personnel is described. Pre- and post-implementation staffing and scheduling activities are compared.
Nusbaum, Ned A.
Obtaining qualified persons for capital resource management positions requires school districts and colleges to adopt nondiscriminatory selection and hiring policies. Guidelines are offered for the recruitment process, administering the selection process, and inhouse personnel development. (MLF)
... Defense Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratory Personnel Management Demonstration Project... Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratory Personnel Management Demonstration Project, Department of... Personnel Demonstration Project to AFRL employees in Business Management and Professional, Technician,...
... of Veterans Affairs, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, National Council on Disability, Office of Personnel Management, and the Social Security Administration. This resource guide identifies relevant federal and federally ...
....C. 49d(b). Grants to States for Old-Age Assistance for the Aged (Title I of the Social Security Act...). Federal Payments for Foster Care and Adoption Assistance, (Title IV-E of the Social Security Act); 42 U.S...). Employment Security (Unemployment Insurance and Employment Services), Social Security Act (Title III),...
... trials, Critical Path Initiative and more Icon for Business & Industry section. For Industry Guidance, registration and listing, ... Map Nondiscrimination Website Policies U.S. Food and Drug Administration 10903 New Hampshire Avenue Silver Spring, MD 20993 ...
Gilbert, Douglas J.
The purpose of this quantitative comparative methods research was to compare the perceptions relative to 12 Master of Business Administration (MBA) skill sets of respondents situated in non-member countries of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) with the findings of a prior study of United States situated respondents.…
Eduardo Hernando Nieto
Full Text Available To what extent does studying jurisdictional politics need the knowledge of different administrative theories in general and the science of public administration in particular? This small text proposes such reflection and comes to the conclusion that it is impossible to propose a new approximation to this topic without considering the administrative theory, for that the specialists and thinkers will get more with the contact of this discipline from what it is called a multidisciplinary approach.
Friesgaard, Kristian Dahl; Nikolajsen, Lone; Giebner, Matthias
BACKGROUND: Management of pain in the pre-hospital setting is often inadequate. In 2011, ambulance personnel were authorized to administer intravenous fentanyl in the Central Denmark Region. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous fentanyl administered...... by ambulance personnel. METHODS: Pre-hospital medical charts from 2348 adults treated with intravenous fentanyl by ambulance personnel during a 6-month period were reviewed. The primary outcome was the change in pain intensity on a numeric rating scale (NRS) from before fentanyl treatment to hospital arrival...... patients (1.3%) and hypotension observed in 71 patients (3.0%). CONCLUSION: Intravenous fentanyl caused clinically meaningful pain reduction in most patients and was safe in the hands of ambulance personnel. Many patients had moderate to severe pain at hospital arrival. As the protocol allowed higher doses...
... Management, AMRDEC, 5400 Fowler Road, Redstone Arsenal, AL 35898-5000; ERDC: Personnel Demonstration Project... of the Secretary Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratory (STRL) Personnel Management Demonstration Projects AGENCY: Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Civilian Personnel...
Abstract Through the example of a Danish reform of educational plans in early childhood education, this paper analyses the emergence of a new pedagogical desire related to administrative educational reforms promoting accountability, visibility and documentation. Two arguments are made: first......, it is argued that the changes in administrative practices during the last decade constitute a transformation, but also a reproduction of relations between knowledge and governing that goes back to the big expansion of the welfare state. Second, it is argued that these relations between knowledge and governing...... are not restricted to the administrative practices, but are part of education and its humanistic legacy as well. As such, the administrative demand of documentation becomes possible and recognisable through its reproductive elements. Elements that are constituted in a transformative conjunction in which...
Wallace, J Craig; Johnson, Paul D; Mathe, Kimberly; Paul, Jeff
The authors proposed and tested a model in which data were collected from managers (n = 539) at 116 corporate-owned quick service restaurants to assess the structural and psychological empowerment process as moderated by shared-felt accountability on indices of performance from a managerial perspective. The authors found that empowering leadership climate positively relates to psychological empowerment climate. In turn, psychological empowerment climate relates to performance only under conditions of high-felt accountability; it does not relate to performance under conditions of low-felt accountability. Overall, the present results indicate that the quick-service restaurant managers, who feel more empowered, operate restaurants that perform better than managers who feel less empowered, but only when those empowered managers also feel a high sense of accountability.
Rezvantsev, M V; Kuznetsov, S M; Ivanov, V V; Zakurdaev, V V
The current article is dedicated to some features of the Russian Federation Armed Forces military personnel health monitoring such as legal and informational provision, methodological basis of functioning, historical aspect of formation and development of the social and hygienic monitoring in the Russian Federation Armed Forces. The term "military personnel health monitoring" is defined as an analytical system of constant and long-term observation, analysis, assessment, studying of factors determined the military personnel health, these factors correlations, health risk factors management in order to minimize them. The current state of the military personnel health monitoring allows coming to the conclusion that the military health system does have forces and resources for state policy of establishing the population health monitoring system implementation. The following directions of the militarily personnel health monitoring improvement are proposed: the Russian Federation Armed Forces medical service record and report system reorganization bringing it closer to the civilian one, implementation of the integrated approach to the medical service informatisation, namely, military personnel health status and medical service resources monitoring. The leading means in this direction are development and introduction of a military serviceman individual health status monitoring system on the basis of a serviceman electronic medical record card. Also it is proposed the current Russian Federation Armed Forces social and hygienic monitoring improvement at the expense of informational interaction between the two subsystems on the basis of unified military medical service space.
Environmental protection is a very important task of the state. The state in this area deals in a preventative manner, and at the same time controls the application of laws and regulations. The aim of this paper is to carry out the identification of administrative bodies dealing with environmental protection at the national, provincial and local levels. There are administrative bodies dealing directly with matters of environmental protection. On the other hand, within the scope of some admini...
Afsari, Ali; Sattar, Reza
Sport and physical education has been changed in Iran regarding historical, social, political, and economical and managerial changes, situation of political and natural geography, religion, social, and political movements. Sport and physical education, as one of elements affecting individual and social life of Iranian people in the history (Javid,…
Loth, Robert E.
Assessed the perceived managerial preparedness of word processing managers in selected Ohio businesses and compared the findings with current literature, word processing curricula in two-and four-year colleges and universities, and the curricular elements in the IBM Word Processing Managers' Seminar. Developed specific training topics for word…
Schoenfisch, Ashley L; Pompeii, Lisa A
Concerns of violence in hospitals warrant examination of current hospital security practices. Cross-sectional survey data were collected from members of a health care security and safety association to examine the type of personnel serving as security in hospitals, their policies and practices related to training and weapon/restraint tool carrying/use, and the broader context in which security personnel work to maintain staff and patient safety, with an emphasis on workplace violence prevention and mitigation. Data pertaining to 340 hospitals suggest security personnel were typically non-sworn officers directly employed (72%) by hospitals. Available tools included handcuffs (96%), batons (56%), oleoresin capsicum products (e.g., pepper spray; 52%), hand guns (52%), conducted electrical weapons (e.g., TASERs®; 47%), and K9 units (12%). Current workplace violence prevention policy components, as well as recommendations to improve hospital security practices, aligned with Occupational Safety and Health Administration guidelines. Comprehensive efforts to address the safety and effectiveness of hospital security personnel should consider security personnel's relationships with other hospital work groups and hospitals' focus on patients' safety and satisfaction.
Full Text Available The study was conducted to determine the managerial problems confronted by executive chefs working at 4 and 5-star hotels in Turkey. A survey developed by the researchers was employed as a data collection tool. Answers given by participants were analyzed using “T-test” and “ANOVA” analyses in order to determine whether there are significant differences of opinion on the subject (collated in answers to the survey questionnaire amongst executive chefs, based on answers given by them (expressed as average figures dependent upon such variables as their “Age”, “Gender”, “Educational Status” and “Star status of the hotel within which they worked.” The study results showed that the most important problem confronting executive chefs was “finding educated/trained kitchen personnel.” On the specific problem, “responsibility and authority is not clear within the kitchen,” there was a significant difference of opinion by the gender of the executive chefs. Moreover, there was a significant difference of opinion dependent upon the star status of the hotels within which the chefs worked on the problem of whether or not “the working hours of kitchen personnel were too long.” The findings suggest that there are important problems confronted by executive chefs. Moreover, male and female executive chefs have different opinions on the magnitudes of some specific problems. Whereas there are various reports and similar publications discussing problems faced by executive chefs, the present study is the first one in the literature that solely explore the managerial problems experienced at a kitchen context.
Howe, Richard D.
This study examined salary data for 2,709 college faculty in the field of business/managerial economics for both public and private institutions for the years 1995-1996 and 1998-1999. The study reflects data obtained from the 279 public and 386 private institutions that participated in both study years. The study found that the average faculty…
Poliakoff, Lorraine L.
This document, an evaluation of school personnel, is based on a review of the literature on evaluation in the ERIC system. Emphasis is placed on the evaluation of school administrators, teacher evaluation by students, and the teacher's role in evaluation. A 23-item bibliography is included. (MJM)
María Laura Cendón
Full Text Available A relevant topic investigated in ‘Local Agro-Food Systems’ studies (LAFS is the key role of collective action in the dissemination of innovations and knowledge aimed at the organization of quality on a local scale. The scope of this article deals with the methodological tools for typifying the relationships made, in LAFS hosting a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO, between the relational social capital and the differential quality of firms. The objective of this work is to categorize the agro-industrial firms into hierarchies for implementing rural development policies, with respect to their technical and managerial advice relationships and their score achieved in terms of product and process quality. The study takes into account the LAFS of “Estepa” and “Sierra de Segura”, Andalusia (S Spain, corresponding to two important olive oil PDOs. The methodological approach comprises, firstly, the elaboration of a quality synthetic indicator on processes and products of the mills. Secondly, social network analysis is applied to the technical/managerial advice networks of the mills. Thirdly, a mill typology was established by means of factor analysis which employs quality and relational indicators. It is proved that the Regulatory Boards, as well as the second-step cooperatives, can assume a role of integrating poles with respect to the collective action developed in the LAFS, particularly in terms of dissemination of knowledge and innovations, which enhances the process and product quality of local firms. The existence of networks is a necessary condition to improve and homogenize the quality in a diffuse local agro-food structure.
Irhebhude, Martins E.; Edirisinghe, Eran A.
This paper presents an automatic, machine vision based, military personnel identification and classification system. Classification is done using a Support Vector Machine (SVM) on sets of Army, Air Force and Navy camouflage uniform personnel datasets. In the proposed system, the arm of service of personnel is recognised by the camouflage of a persons uniform, type of cap and the type of badge/logo. The detailed analysis done include; camouflage cap and plain cap differentiation using gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) texture feature; classification on Army, Air Force and Navy camouflaged uniforms using GLCM texture and colour histogram bin features; plain cap badge classification into Army, Air Force and Navy using Speed Up Robust Feature (SURF). The proposed method recognised camouflage personnel arm of service on sets of data retrieved from google images and selected military websites. Correlation-based Feature Selection (CFS) was used to improve recognition and reduce dimensionality, thereby speeding the classification process. With this method success rates recorded during the analysis include 93.8% for camouflage appearance category, 100%, 90% and 100% rates of plain cap and camouflage cap categories for Army, Air Force and Navy categories, respectively. Accurate recognition was recorded using SURF for the plain cap badge category. Substantial analysis has been carried out and results prove that the proposed method can correctly classify military personnel into various arms of service. We show that the proposed method can be integrated into a face recognition system, which will recognise personnel in addition to determining the arm of service which the personnel belong. Such a system can be used to enhance the security of a military base or facility.
Mitchell, Jimmy L.; McCormick, Ernest J.
The development and analysis of the Professional and Managerial Position Questionnaire (PMPQ) is reported. PMPQ is intended to serve as a job analysis instrument for higher level occupations than those assessed by the Position Analysis Questionnaire (PAQ). Four approaches to job analysis are described with different emphases on the requirements of…
Ibáñez, J; Lavado Contador, J F; Schnabel, S; Martínez Valderrama, J
An integrated dynamic model was used to evaluate the influence of climatic, soil, pastoral, economic and managerial factors on sheet erosion in rangelands of SW Spain (dehesas). This was achieved by means of a variance-based sensitivity analysis. Topsoil erodibility, climate change and a combined factor related to soil water storage capacity and the pasture production function were the factors which influenced water erosion the most. Of them, climate change is the main source of uncertainty, though in this study it caused a reduction in the mean and the variance of long-term erosion rates. The economic and managerial factors showed scant influence on soil erosion, meaning that it is unlikely to find such influence in the study area for the time being. This is because the low profitability of the livestock business maintains stocking rates at low levels. However, the potential impact of livestock, through which economic and managerial factors affect soil erosion, proved to be greater in absolute value than the impact of climate change. Therefore, if changes in some economic or managerial factors led to higher stocking rates in the future, significant increases in erosion rates would be expected.
Neiva de Figueiredo, Joao; Mauri, Alfredo J.
This article describes the "Cross-Cultural Assignment," an experiential learning technique for students of business that deepens self-awareness of their own attitudes toward different cultures and develops international managerial skills. The technique consists of pairing up small teams of U.S.-based business students with small teams of…
A manager who has interpersonal warmth is not simply gullible or naive, but instead possesses a valuable skill in reaching others. In most manager-employee relationships, some degree of limit-setting and judgment are necessary; however, warmth integrated with limit-setting is more satisfying for both employee and manager. Although warmth as an interpersonal phenomenon is affected by the employee's perception, certain managerial actions can increase the likelihood of being perceived as warm; yet, in spite of careful adherence to the guidelines for communicating warmth, managerial warmth will still be rejected in some situations. As is true of any managerial technique, the effective use of warmth requires an assessment of the employee's personality and the approach most appropriate for the situation at hand. The excellent manager is able to quickly adapt, matching the level of warmth to the situation. See Nurse Manager Retention Factors for viewpoints from nurses themselves. Interpersonal management style is an important retention factor.
Full Text Available This study investigates the relationship between personality traits and managerial level. Personality traits were assessed by using the Romanian version of the California Psychological Inventory – 260 (Gough, 2002. The inclusion criteria in the three managerial groups (low level management, middle level management and high level management were the number of subordinates and the reported distance from the CEO. Data were collected from the managers at a few companies from the fast moving consumer goods and telecom industry. Results indicated that some personality traits varied significantly across the three groups of managers. Moreover the scores on three scales appear to vary significantly across males and females samples.
Mahoney, Thomas A.; And Others
Two dimensions of organization size -- unit size and size of parent organization -- are analyzed for independent and joint relationships with various dimensions of organizational behavior and managerial practice. Results suggest that managerial practices of delegation, staffing, and direction vary with size and moderate expected size influences…
Mallick, M. Joan
School personnel can have a vital role in the early detection and treatment of anorexia nervosa and bulimia by understanding certain signs and symptoms. This article provides specific information about early detection, approaches to use when confronting the student, and methods to facilitate treatment. (Author/DF)
Moskowitz, Michael Ann
A study based on a model developed by Henry Mintzberg examined the internal and external managerial roles of 126 New England college and university library directors. Survey results indicate that the 97 responding directors were primarily involved with internal managerial roles and work contacts. (CDD)
policy and operational challenges. Data Science : Current Initiatives 4 UNCLASSIFIED Data Science Hadoop cluster projects since 2013, e.g...Defense Personnel and Security Research Center Data Science at the Defense Personnel and Security Research Center Serving Those Who Serve Our...Mission: Improve the Effectiveness, Efficiency, and Fairness of DoD Personnel Security and Suitability Programs Report Documentation Page Form
Abarghouei, Mohammad Reza; Sorbi, Mohammad Hossein; Abarghouei, Mehdi; Bidaki, Reza; Yazdanpoor, Shirin
Introduction Job stress has become one of the main factors in reducing efficiency and the loss of human resources that may cause physical and psychological adverse effects in employees. Hospital personnel are facing different stressful events, such as birth, pain and death, in a single day. Hence, identifying the job stress rates and related factors may be effective in offering proper strategies. Therefore, the present research was done to study the rate of job stress and burnout in hospital personnel and compare some of the related factors in hospitals personnel of Yazd, Iran. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted on 306 hospital personnel (Male: 114, Female: 192) in Yazd in 2015–16. The data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and Hospital Stress (HSS-35). SPSS-16 software and Pearson-product moment correlation and independent-samples t-test were used for data analysis. Results The mean job stress score was above average. The mean burnout dimensions that were above average included emotional exhaustion (21.7 ± 7.27), depersonalization (9.61 ± 3.74) and personal accomplishment (26.80 ± 6.17). While Pearson correlation revealed a significant positive relationship between job stress, emotional exhaustion, and depersonalization, there was a negative relationship between job stress and personal accomplishment (p < 0.01). Independent-samples t-test results showed that the rate of job stress, emotional exhaustion, and depersonalization in males is higher than females, married people have more emotional exhaustion than single ones, and, finally, health staff have more job stress than administrative staff. At the same time, the administrative staff and females have better personal accomplishment than other groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion Since the rate of job stress in hospital personnel is worrying and it has adverse effects on personnel health, effective strategies on physical and mental health, such as
... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duties of official personnel and warehouse samplers... official personnel and warehouse samplers. (a) General. Official personnel and warehouse samplers shall... of § 800.161. (d) Scope of operations. Official personnel and warehouse samplers shall operate...
Personnel economics is a rather young academic (sub-)discipline that applies (micro) economic methodology and insights to the personnel function of companies. It is scientifically fertile and complementary to other disciplinary approaches to personnel issues. Instead of that, an approach without a grounding discipline seems dubious and a self-contained personnel science does not exist.
Anderson, Philip Wayne
This study utilized Mintzberg's taxonomy of managerial roles to examine the roles performed by community college chief academic officers (CAOs). Mintzberg's taxonomy defines managerial roles as a set of behaviors and identifies 10 distinct roles: (1) figurehead; (2) leader; (3) liaison; (4) monitor; (5) disseminator; (6) spokesperson; (7)…
Vinkenburg, Claartje J.; Weber, Torsten
Despite the ubiquitous presence of the term "career patterns" in the discourse about careers, the existing empirical evidence on (managerial) career patterns is rather limited. From this literature review of 33 published empirical studies of managerial and similar professional career patterns found in electronic bibliographic databases, it is…
This article reports the findings of a series of ethnographic research interviews conducted with psychiatric personnel in one region of Tasmania between 1995 and 1997. These interviews formed part of a more wide-ranging project examining changes in the regulatory practices of psychiatric personnel in the light of the professional, media and policy discourses that inform them, especially in relation to the impact of social justice reforms spelt out in recent Australian mental health policy. In discussing the nature of psychiatric work the personnel interviewed returned repeatedly to the themes of safety and risk management. The study presents an analysis of discourses deployed around these themes and argues that concerns over safety and risk are central to the emergence of a new institutionalism in acute in-patient psychiatric services.
Full Text Available The premise of this article is to analyze the managerial skills competencies of secondary schools heads trained through distance mode of education in Pakistan. For this purpose a sample 300 secondary school teachers and 100 secondary schools head-teachers trained through distance mode and working in the Federal Government Educational Institutions (FGEI functioning under the administration of Pakistan army. The objectives of the study were: 1 to describe the M.Ed programme of AIOU, 2 to identify the managerial skills competencies of secondary school heads trained through Allama Iqbal Open University, 3 to find-out the managerial problems faced by the secondary school heads of FGEI, 4 to suggest some further suggestion to improve the managerial skills competencies of working heads of FGEI. The study focused the following categories of skills, Ø interpersonal communication skills, Ø planning skills, Ø collaboration/ teamwork skills, (iv proficiency skills, Ø organizational skills, Ø feedback skills, Ø basic technology knowledge, and Ø technology access knowledge. Major recommendations of the study were: 1 the scheme of study of M.Ed of Allama Iqbal Open University program be change as per need of administrator and it should focus be on management and administration, 2 For better performance of heads, an induction course covering all the managerial skills relevant to the job principal-sip should be arranged after each term and to be continue through out the service, 3 the present scheme of study of M.Ed program focus on teaching methodology, one additional semester be included that should cover the management courses and ,4 as the present study was delimited to the Federal Governmental Educational Institutions to analyze the managerial skills competencies of working heads of secondary schools. One logical avenue for future is to replicate this study on the whole the country to generalize the results.
Full Text Available This research aims toward a better understanding of the organizational culture (s of the Judiciary in Switzerland by analysing what “good justice” means nowadays in this country. It seeks to clarify whether and to which extent the views of a “good justice” of judicial actors (judges without managerial experience and managerial actors (court managers are similar, and the possible managerial implications that may result from it. As judges are at the heart of the judicial organization and exert a strong influence on other groups of actors (Sullivan, Warren et al. 1994, the congruence of their expectations with those of court managers will be at the centre of the analysis. Additionally, referring to the conceptual worlds of Boltanski and Thévenot (1991, we analyse how close these expectations are to management-oriented values. We found that almost half of expectations are common to the two groups examined and the main quoted ones are well compatible to NPM precepts. On the other hand those expectations shared exclusively by judges relate to the human side of justice, whereas those specific to court managers focus on the way justice functions.
Full Text Available The article presents the general frame of the normalization of managerial accounting on a national level, following an incursion in its international normalization. The objectives of the normalization of managerial accounting in Romania are presented into detail, from the authors’ point of view, as well as the profile and attributions of the managerial accountant as a normalizer. The article ends with the authors’ conclusions related to the normalization of managerial accounting in Romania on a microeconomic level.
Zhang, Jia-En; Luo, Shi-Ming; Qin, Zhong; Ye, Yan-Qiong; Zhao, Ben-Liang
This paper analyzed the present status of ecology specialty construction and personnel training in China. It was considered that there existed some problems to be solved, e. g., the contradiction between the rapid development of new subjects in ecology and the relative weakness in personnel qualified to teach, the unbalance between the extensive and intensive, and the deep and shallow teaching programs for the students in ecology, the conflict between the "soft" (theoretical) ecological education and the "hard" (technical) ecological construction, and the contradiction between the limited demands and the relative surplus supply of undergraduate students in ecology. Based on these analyses, a series of suggestions and countermeasures for the innovation of the teaching styles and training directions in ecological specialties were put forward, including 1) to formulate a development and construction plan of ecology specialty and to appropriately regulate the enrollment of undergraduate students, 2) to achieve the changes in current teaching styles from classroom to field and from "soft" theoretical teaching to "hard" technical training, 3) to develop and implement a variety of diversified teaching methods, such as participative, interactive, research-based, and innovative teaching for undergraduate students, 4) to enhance the undergraduate educational quality and teaching resource bank construction and to achieve teaching resource sharing, and 5) to establish "T-type" personnel training system in ecology. Some employment-oriented personnel training directions in ecology specialty were also presented.
Monterey, CA: Defense Personnel Security Research and Education Center. 69. Hare, R. D., Hart, S. D., & Harpur, T. J. (1991). Psychopathy and the DSM-IV...Predictors of psychopathy and release outcome in a criminal population. Psycho- logical Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 4, 419
Ruiqing Shao; Chunhua Chen; Xiangzu Mao
According to optimal contracting theory, compensation contracts are effective in solving the agency problem between stockholders and managers. Executive compensation is naturally related to firm performance. However, contracts are not always perfect. Managers may exert influence on the formulation and implementation of compensation contracts by means of their managerial power. As fair value has been introduced into the new accounting standards in China, new concerns have arisen over the relationship between profits and losses from changes in fair value(CFV) and levels of executive compensation.In this study, we find that executive compensation is significantly related to CFV. However, this sensitivity is asymmetric in that increases to compensation due to profits from changes in fair value(PCFV) are higher than reductions to compensation due to losses from changes in fair value(LCFV). Furthermore,we find that managerial power determines the strength of this asymmetry.
Full Text Available According to optimal contracting theory, compensation contracts are effective in solving the agency problem between stockholders and managers. Executive compensation is naturally related to firm performance. However, contracts are not always perfect. Managers may exert influence on the formulation and implementation of compensation contracts by means of their managerial power. As fair value has been introduced into the new accounting standards in China, new concerns have arisen over the relationship between profits and losses from changes in fair value (CFV and levels of executive compensation. In this study, we find that executive compensation is significantly related to CFV. However, this sensitivity is asymmetric in that increases to compensation due to profits from changes in fair value (PCFV are higher than reductions to compensation due to losses from changes in fair value (LCFV. Furthermore, we find that managerial power determines the strength of this asymmetry.
Describes simulation in a managerial economics course in which students were placed in the position of the top management team of a business firm and were required to make decisions in a number of functional areas: production, scheduling, pricing, budgeting, and government relations. (Author/KC)
McFadden, Cheryl; Miller, Brian; Sypawka, William; Clay, Maria; Hoover-Plonk, Shelly
This study investigated the convergence of leadership styles and moral judgment competence of community college personnel participating in a leadership institute using the Leadership Orientation Instrument (Bolman & Deal, 1984) and the Moral Judgment Test (Lind, 1978). Results indicated that the human resource and structural frames were the…
This annotated bibliography lists 35 primary journals devoted to personnel management and industrial psychology in such categories as human resource planning, employee training, compensation, and employment law. History of the field, journal selection, journal specializations (for practitioners and academicians), journal indexing/abstracting,…
Wendt, David A.
In these days of high stakes testing, it is imperative that a sense of trust and mutual respect be developed for all stakeholders--students, parents, and school personnel--as they work together for optimal student achievement. A simple conversation can often open the doors of understanding. If parents and guardians feel at ease with their child's…
Yun, Seokhwa; Takeuchi, Riki; Liu, Wei
This study examined the effects of employee self-enhancement motives on job performance behaviors (organizational citizenship behaviors and task performance) and the value of these behaviors to them. The authors propose that employees display job performance behaviors in part to enhance their self-image, especially when their role is not clearly defined. They further argue that the effects of these behaviors on managerial reward recommendation decisions should be stronger when managers believe the employees to be more committed. The results from a sample of 84 working students indicate that role ambiguity moderated the effects of self-enhancement motives on job performance behaviors and that managerial perceptions of an employee's commitment moderated the effects of those organizational citizenship behaviors that are aimed at other individuals on managers' reward allocation decisions.
多元化是我国上市公司发展的重要趋势，多元化动机及其经济后果一直是学术研究的热点话题。针对公司高管是否通过其权力影响公司的多元化及其对公司绩效的影响，选取2007～2011年上市公司为样本，以董事长为研究对象，采用面板数据进行实证分析。研究发现：高管权力对公司多元化具有重要影响，高管权力越大，公司的多元化程度越高；而且，高管权力会影响多元化与公司绩效之间的关系，高管权力越大，多元化对公司绩效的负面影响越重。在此基础上，文章提出应规范高管权力，提高财务决策科学性的针对性建议。%Diversification is an important tendency in the development of the listed companies in China ,and the diversified motivations and economic consequences have been the hot topics for academic research .With the re‐search sample of China listed companies between 2007 and 2011 ,taking the chief executives as the research ob‐jects ,this paper analyzes the relations between managerial power and corporations’diversification and its effect on corporate performance .It reveals that corporations’diversification is positive associated with managerial power .With the increase of the managerial power ,corporations’diversification gets much higher .Managerial power has a great effect on the relation between diversification and corporate performance .With the increase of the managerial power ,the negative effects of diversification on corporate performance get deteriorated .Based on the findings ,this paper suggests that we should formalize and restrain managerial power and hence improve the scientificity of financial decisions .
We propose behavioral public administration as a designated subfield in public administration which explicitly deals with the integration of theories and methods from psychology into the study of public administration. We discuss how scholars in public administration currently draw on both methodological and theoretical innovations in psychology and point to research questions in public administration which could benefit from further integration. Behavioral public administration cannot, and s...
Grimmelikhuijsen, S.G.; Jilke, Sebastian; Leth Olsen, Asmus; Tummers, L.G.
We propose behavioral public administration as a designated subfield in public administration which explicitly deals with the integration of theories and methods from psychology into the study of public administration. We discuss how scholars in public administration currently draw on both methodological and theoretical innovations in psychology and point to research questions in public administration which could benefit from further integration. Behavioral public administration cannot, and s...
Felicia Cornelia MACARIE
Full Text Available The paper endeavors to offer an overview of the major theories on leadership and the way in which it influences the management of contemporary organizations. Numerous scholars highlight that there are numerous overlaps between the concepts of management and leadership. This is the reason why the first section of the paper focuses on providing an extensive overview of the literature regarding the meaning of the two aforementioned concepts. The second section addresses more in depth the concept of leadership and managerial leadership and focuses on the ideal profile of the leader. The last section of the paper critically discusses various types of leadership and more specifically modern approaches to the concept and practices of leadership.
Berg, van den Jeroen P.; Panton, David M.
The personnel scheduling problem is known to be a five-stage process in which the final stage involves the assignment of shifts to the days worked in the schedule. This paper discusses the existence conditions for both continuous and forward rotating shift assignments and heuristic network algorithm
satisfaction and productivity. The authors wish to express their appreciation to SRA Gerald P. Yates and Ms. Kathleen Donahue for their assistance in...Chicago, IL: St. Clair Press, 1974. Karp , H. B., & Nickson, J. W., Jr. Motivator-hygiene deprivation as a predictor of job turnover. Personnel
Biddix, J. Patrick; Schwartz, Robert A.
Walter Dill Scott (1869-1955), tenth president of Northwestern University and pioneer of industrial psychology, is an essential architect of student personnel work. This study of his accomplishments, drawing on records from the Northwestern University archives, tells a story about the people he influenced and his involvement in codifying what was…
Brown, Kelli McCormack; Perlmutter, Paula; McDermott, Robert J.
The recent proliferation of tattooing has prompted increased concern for safety and awareness of hazardous conditions. Transmission of infectious diseases can occur when proper sterilization and safety procedures are not followed. Adolescents are a critical high-risk group that need the attention of school health personnel to help them become…
Pindiprolu, Sekhar S.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed disorders among children today. Stimulants are commonly prescribed to children with ADHD to improve attention span and decrease distractibility, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Given the increased use of stimulant medication, school personnel need to be aware of…
"Instructional Or Managerial Leadership: The Principal Role" is a case study written to challenge the beliefs of graduate students preparing for educational leadership roles and educational leaders already in these positions as to the importance of the principal as an instructional leader. This case explores communication between superintendents…
shipboard test environment. Researchers (Cronbach, Ambron, Dornbusch , Hess, Hornik, Phillips, Walker, & Weiner, 1980; Patton, 1978) have maintained that...Note 79-1). San Diego: Navy Personnel Research and Development Center, October 1978. Cronbach, L. 3., Ambron, S. R., Dornbusch , S. M., Hess, R. D
Mintz, Marshall L.
This article provides a background and logical explanation for school psychologists to feel justified in the pursuit of providing sport psychology services. This perspective is useful for the school psychologist or other school administrative personnel who may question or be questioned about the value or need for the provision of sport psychology…
Full Text Available The present study contributes the first analysis of the influence of managerial optimism on companies’ financing policy and cost of capital. Since overconfidence biases investment and financing decisions, it may directly and indirectly influence a company’s risks and value. In contrast to prior research, which has almost exclusively been focused on the analysis of leverage, the present paper also takes risk measures into account to decompose the cost of capital and to identify direct and indirect effects of managerial optimism by using structural equation modeling (SEM. Based on a large sample of companies listed in Germany, this study found strong evidence that optimistic managers caused a higher equity risk and a higher risk of insolvency. However, this effect was not caused by the choice of leverage, and, thus, it must have been caused by investment-policy decisions. However, an optimistic management achieves a significant reduction in the overall cost of capital.
In Canada, non-permanent faculty are no longer simply a reserve, flexible labour pool available for administrators to draw on when needed (e.g. during times of fluctuating enrollments); rather, they represent a strategy utilized by universities to reduce overall labour costs. In this article I bring together Women's Studies, feminism, contingent…
行政执法人员在进行行动选择时，不仅受到规范性因素的指引，也受到非规范性因素的制约，良好行政执法关系的形成必须是这两类因素合理互动的结果。由此，于现实主义法学理论中获得启示，从法社会学的视角分析行政执法人员的行动选择，总结出影响行政执法人员行动选择的四大规范性要素和四大非规范性要素，揭示出行政执法实际上是规范性因素和非规范性因素争夺控制权的过程。%In the process of action selection,administrative law enforcement personnel is not only guided by the“normative ele-ments”,also restricted by the“non-normative elements”. The good relationship between law enforcement agencies and the ad-ministrative relatives must be the result of the interaction of the two factors. Inspiration is got from the legal realism. Sociology of law perspectivity in action selection of administrative law enforcement personnel is used. The impact of administrative law en-forcement personnel action selection of the four“normative elements”and four“non-normative elements”are summed up. It reveals that the administrative law enforcement is actually process for control between“normative elements”and“non-norma-tive elements”.
Cristina Raluca Popescu; Veronica Adriana Popescu; Gheorghe N. Popescu
The paper entitled “The Impact of Electronic Commerce on the Development of Nowadays Society: an Economic and a Managerial Perspective – A Case Study on Romania’s Experience” presents the electronic commerce with its definitions, historical evolution and importance, it’s the main forms, the advantages and disadvantages of e-commerce, the electronic commerce versus traditional commerce as well as the electronic commerce in Romania. In this research we have emphasised the role and the importanc...
Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to study the effects of fourpersonal and social variables including the age, literacy,job experience and size of herd on different variables such asimplementing of managerial strategies in transition period,relevant costs of these strategies, average production per headand gross income of milk sale per head. For this purpose allrequired information were collected through questionnairedistribution among the owners of commercial dairy farms ofShahroud district. This questionnaire was included three parts.Relevant information about personal and social indices wasinserted in first part. Second part included of relevant informationabout performance and non-performance of considered managerialstrategies in transition period and third part was aboutrelevant information about production and economic records.Finally all information about 50 herds was obtained andcompared as well. Data analysis was through applying MultipleLinear Regression (MLR method. Also it was possible tospecify any relation among independent and dependent variablesthrough calculation of Pearson Correlation Coefficient. Finallyit was revealed that social and personal factors have a significanteffect on the implementation of management strategies andother independent factors.
Full Text Available The diversity of accounting information need led to the construction of two representations of the same reality: an “internal” representation and an “external” representation. Formally speaking, this dual representation consists of two elements of the accounting system of the enterprise: the financial accounting – “the external face” of the entity – and the managerial accounting – “the internal face” of the entity. The organisation of managerial accounting activity is up to each entity, but it is essential to realize its importance because it provides confidential information to managers for the evaluation, control and future management of the businesses. The practical activity of cost calculation and analysis should be by excellence a major component of the company’s management that would ensure the realisation of competitive costs so that the pricing decision competes at obtaining a profit that would lead to the possibility of the company’s future development.
Full Text Available Energy Managers and Government Office Holders in Pakistan are nowadays pondering over multiple options for the resolution of ongoing Energy crises in the country. LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas import has been finalized for being the quickest remedy among all the available options. LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas contract is at the verge to be implemented in Pakistan. However there are several factors that need to be addressed while implementing the project. In this paper, identification of the challenges affecting the optimized distribution of gas is presented. The sustainability of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas Project depends upon the successful running of the project without facing any financial crises arising from the gas distribution losses. The motive of this paper is the identification of the factors that are risk for the sustainability and successful running of LNG Import in Pakistan on long term basis. In association it is required to identify technical and managerial challenges for the gas distribution companies in distribution of LNG. Moreover recommendations are proposed for modification in existing infrastructure and governing policies related to gas distribution companies for logical success and long term sustainability of LNG import in Pakistan.
El consumo de alcohol en personal administrativo y de servicios de una universidad del Ecuador O consumo de álcool em pessoal administrativo e de serviço de uma universidade do Equador Alcohol consumption in administrative and service personnel in an Ecuadorian university
Carmita María Bravo Ortiz
.The aim of this descriptive study was to characterize the consumption of alcohol among workers in the administrative and service sectors at an Ecuadorian university and to determine differences in consumption between the two groups of workers. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT was applied to 102 participants. The results showed that the service personnel consumed more alcohol than the administrative personnel with a mean total score of 7.26 against 1.84. The total prevalence of non-prejudicial consumption was 79.41%, prejudicial consumption 19.61% and dependency 0.98%. The total scores of 76.47% of the participants were within risk zone one; 18.63% risk zone two; 3.92% risk zone three; 0.98% risk zone four. In conclusion, due to the identification of hazardous consumption, it is necessary to implement a program of alcohol use prevention in the institution studied.
Fidler, Armin H; Haslinger, Reinhard R; Hofmarcher, Maria M; Jesse, Maris; Palu, Toomas
This paper presents a new approach for incorporating public hospitals by contrasting the experience from an "old" EU country (Austria) with a new EU member state (Estonia). In the EU (including the new member states) hospital overcapacity is a serious problem, from a technical, fiscal and political perspective. Few countries have succeeded in establishing an appropriate framework for resource management and for guaranteeing long-term financial viability of their hospital network. Many countries are in search of effective policies for improved hospital management and more cost-effective resource use in the health sector. Over the past decade, experiences in Austria and Estonia have emerged as innovative examples which may provide lessons for other EU countries and beyond. This paper describes the evolution of public hospitals from public budgetary units and public management to incorporated autonomous organizations under private corporate law, resulting in a contractual relationship between (public) owners and private hospital management. Outdated and inefficient public sector structures were replaced by more agile corporate management. The arrangement allows for investments, operating costs and budgeting according to strategic business goals as opposed to political "fiat". Shielding hospitals from local political influence is an important aspect of this concept. Horizontal integration through networking of public hospitals and introducing private management helps create a new corporate culture, allowing for more flexibility to achieve efficiencies through downsizing and economies of scale. Based on contracts the new balance between ownership and managerial functions create strong incentives for a more business-like, results-oriented and consumer-friendly management. This was achieved both in Austria and Estonia in a politically sensitive way, adopting a long-term vision and by protecting the interests of hospital owners and staff.
Alexandra Ema Cioclea
Full Text Available The European Union is interested in ensuring that each national administration offers comparable administrative capacity through quality of public services and professionalism from the civil servants. At the same time, the European states are characterised by long and varied institutional histories, with different trajectories in their evolution. That is why, public administration structures and regulations vary among the Member States and a set of common principles can guide them towards administrative convergence and performance. This paper aims to analyze the shared principles of a common European Administrative Space and also to address the link between these principles and the performance of public institutions from a managerial point of view. The study is based on review and analysis of academic research, government documents and personal perspectives, extracting and linking key findings from existing research and practice. The paper argues that managerial theories on performance are compatible with public administration organizations and some of the criteria are common to those promoted by the principles of the European Administrative Space.
谭庆美; 陈欣; 张娜; 董小芳
过度投资作为低效率的投资方式会破坏企业价值和股东财富，有效的外部治理机制能够约束管理层利用权力实施过度投资寻租的行为。以2006年至2013年中国上市企业数据为样本，以产品市场竞争和外部大股东持股衡量外部治理机制，分别采用单变量分析和多元回归方法，实证研究管理层权力对过度投资的影响以及外部治理机制对过度投资－管理层权力敏感性的影响。研究结果表明，中国上市企业的管理层综合权力越大，过度投资现象越严重。不同管理层权力维度变量对过度投资的影响不同，任职年限长、学历水平高以及持有本企业股份的管理层，越有可能利用手中的权力实施过度投资；总经理与董事长两职兼任有利于降低过度投资行为，提高企业投资效率。产品市场竞争和外部大股东持股均能显著影响过度投资与管理层权力之间关系的敏感性，外部大股东持股比重越高、产品市场竞争越激烈，越能有效抑制管理层利用权力实施过度投资的行为。%The board of listed firms with dispersed ownership cannot be expected to bargain fairly with managers.As a result, managers with strong power may engage in empire building which will lead to rent seeking by overinvestment.Due to such invest-ment inefficiency, managerial overinvestment can decrease the firm value and its shareholders′wealth.Effective external govern-ance mechanism plays a significant role in restricting the managerial rent seeking by overinvestment. In this paper, the product market competition and the ownership of outside blockholders are employed as proxies of external gov-ernance mechanism respectively.As important external governance mechanism, product market competition can affect the man-agement supervision of shareholders, and provide additional information used to mitigate moral hazard and agency costs.In re-turn, it will
Grimmelikhuijsen, Stephan; Jilke, Sebastian; Olsen, Asmus Leth;
We propose behavioral public administration as a designated subfield in public administration which explicitly deals with the integration of theories and methods from psychology into the study of public administration. We discuss how scholars in public administration currently draw on both...... methodological and theoretical innovations in psychology and point to research questions in public administration which could benefit from further integration. Behavioral public administration cannot, and should not, replace ‘conventional’ public administration, but it is complementary to it. Importantly......, behavioral public administration represents a two-way street in which public administration scholars use theories and methods from psychology, and psychologists, in turn, learn from our setting of political-administrative contexts to refine their theories and methods. Finally, we propose four principals...
Christina Tri Setyorini
Full Text Available SMEs play an important role in the economy, as at least 99% of activities in Indonesia has been dominated by SMEs. Indonesian Government begins to collect one percent of sales tax from Small Medium Enterprises (SME by September 15, 2013. The regulation is effective on SMEs with gross revenue of no more than 4.8 billion IDR per year with permanent establishment. Thus SMEs have very high stream of revenue for government’s development projects. The aim of this study was to identify the factors that affecting taxpayer’s willingness to pay SME’s Tax (i.e tax knowledge, managerial benefit, SME’s tax socialization. The population of this study was the whole of 115 “Kelom Geulies” Owners who has business license and registered in The Department of Cooperatives and SMEs, Trade and Industry in 2012. Sampling method conducted in this study was judgement sampling, which consisted of 47 SME’s owners. Using multivariate regression, the result of the study shows that tax knowledge, managerial benefit of tax, SME’s tax socialization, have positive effect toward willingness to pay SME’s tax. This result shows that beside tax knowledge and managerial benefit, tax socialization has a very important role to increase the willingness to pay SME taxes.
Full Text Available The aim of the study was to analyze the presence of stress-related health problems among preschool employees and the way in which these reactions are related to noise and other work parameters. The investigation included 101 employees at 17 preschools in Umeå County, located in northern Sweden. Individual noise recordings and recordings in dining rooms and play halls were made at two departments from each preschool. The adverse effects on the employees were analyzed by use of different validated questionnaires and by saliva cortisol samples. Stress and energy output were pronounced among the employees, and about 30% of the staff experienced strong burnout syndromes. Mental recovery after work was low, indicated by remaining high levels of stress after work. The burnout symptoms were associated with reduced sleep quality and morning sleepiness. Cortisol levels supported the conclusion about pronounced daily stress levels of the preschool employees.
Eysenck and Barrett (1985) reviewed at considerable length this error rate theory, as well as other proposed interactions of psychophysiology and...verbal intelligence: An inverse relationship. Physiological Psychology. 2, 374-378. Eysenck , H.J., & Barrett, P. (1985). Psychophysiology and the
Motta, Robert W.
A review of childhood secondary trauma is presented. Secondary trauma involves the transfer and acquisition of negative affective and dysfunctional cognitive states due to prolonged and extended contact with others, such as family members, who have been traumatized. As such, secondary trauma refers to a spread of trauma reactions from the victim…
Training Assessment (MPTA) Handbook Richard A Tauson and Wayne Cream Human Research and Engineering Directorate, ARL...Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a...NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Human Systems Integration Directorate, G-1 Office 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) 11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S
... appropriate DOJ and DOS personnel be trained in identifying victims of severe forms of trafficking in persons... services must provide initial training in the particular needs of victims of severe forms of trafficking in... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requirements to train...
found to have elevated antibody titers to Ehrlichia canis . In addition, 10/12 MWDs on temporary duty (TDY) to the Volant Scorpion training course tested...cases of "canine ehrlichiosis" are indeed caused by Ehrlichia canis is unknown at this time, but cases of suspected E. canis infection have been...disease in dogs is caused by Ehrlichia canis , an obligate intracellar rickettsia that parasitizes leukocytes of wild and domestic Canidae, and the brown
emergency services. There is also a benefit for orthodontic services, which has a lifetime cap of $1,750 per beneficiary. Members of the Selected...qualified persons available for active duty in the armed forces, in time of war or national emergency , and at such other times as the national...in time of war or national emergency , and at such other times as the national security may require, to fill the needs of the armed forces whenever
Social Security Administration — Each year the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) sends SSA a file to be verified and matched against the Master Earnings File (MEF) and Employer Information File...
The Swiss Foundation for Research into Ageing, AETAS, will be holding its research award ceremony at CERN on Wednesday 10 June 2009. You are cordially invited to attend the ceremony and, in particular, a lecture given by Professor Osman RATIB Professor of Medicine, Head of the Department of Medical Imaging and Medical Informatics and Head of the Division of Nuclear Medicine at the University Hospital of Geneva "Progress in medical imaging" WEDNESDAY 10 JUNE 2009 AT 5.00 P.M. CERN MAIN AUDITORIUM, (Bldg.500) The lecture will be followed by a discussion moderated by Professor Jean-Pierre Michel, President of the AETAS Foundation. Drinks will be offered by the Foundation
The Swiss Foundation for Research into Ageing, AETAS, will be holding its research award ceremony at CERN on Wednesday 10 June 2009. You are cordially invited to attend the ceremony and, in particular, a lecture given by Professor Osman RATIB Professor of Medicine, Head of the Department of Medical Imaging and Medical Informatics and Head of the Division of Nuclear Medicine at the University Hospital of Geneva "Progress in medical imaging" WEDNESDAY 10 JUNE 2009 AT 5:00 P.M. CERN MAIN AUDITORIUM (Bldg.500) The lecture will be followed by a discussion moderated by Professor Jean-Pierre Michel, President of the AETAS Foundation. Refreshments will be offered by the Foundation
of historical experience ana - lyzed and consolidated to supply an evolving standard for all of the DOD.54 Two Rescues in Serbia, 1999 In March US...406. 33. Statement by Frank A. Sieverts, special assistant deputy secretary of state for pris- oner of war / missing in action matters, press...by the On-Scene Desert Commander (Phoenix, AZ: Primer Publishers, 1995). 37. Jimmy Carter, White House Diary (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
north, Laos to the north and northeast and Cambodia to the eastj Thailand is approximately the size of France with a population of 50 million...paper focuses on the role played by the US, and US assistance to Thailand . ii k4 ROYAL THAI ARMY PERSONNEL, EDUCATION AND TRAINING SYSTEM Thailand ... Thailand history is as complex as a slow Thai classical dance. Thai beliefs, attitudes, political structures and customs have been molded by a remarkable
Womble, Phillip; Barzilov, Alexander; Paschal, Jon; Hopper, Lindsay; Music, Abe; Morgan, Timothy; Moore, Ryan; Pinson, Dudley; Schultz, Frederick; Maston, Michael J.; Kowalik, Robert
Northwest Nuclear, LLC (NWN), the Applied Physics Institute (API) at Western Kentucky University, and Crisis Prep Services, LLC (CPS) have developed a tracking technology for first responders and security personnel based upon the AeroScout system (a product of AeroScout, Inc.) and technologies developed independently by NWN, API, and CPS. These systems provide location information using 802.11XXX architecture by measuring the time of arrival of packets from a set of active radio frequency (RF) tags to a set of location receivers. The system can track and graphically display the location on maps, drawings, floor plans or photographs of tagged items on any 802.11-compliant devices (PDAs, laptops, computers, WiFi telephones) situated both outside and inside structures. This location information would be vital for tracking the location of first responders, security, and other emergency personnel during rescue operations; particularly, under adverse conditions (e.g., fires). NWN, API, and CPS have been improving the precision of the location measurement to an uncertainty of 20 cm or 8 inches (under certain conditions) and also developing algorithms to increase the accuracy. NWN and API personnel have developed: 1) special tags which indicate tampering or sudden movement and transmit briefly under these conditions, and 2) permanent and portable systems which can be deployed rapidly. Additional software created by Crisis Prep Services, LLC allows response force personnel to be tracked and located inside a building in real time as well as use the software and tags as a training and rehersal system. The location of each person is depicted on a drawing of the building and is displayed on a laptop computer or any other browser capable device.
Pogosian, S G
The article presents results of sociological survey of 650 paramedical personnel. It is established that 37% out ofthem suffer from chronic diseases. The given indicator is reliably higher in patients of elder age having three and more children and low income. The relationship is established between health level and opinions ofparamedicalpersonnel about public significance ofprofession availability of conflicts with physicians and labor loads. The signs of emotional burnout syndrome have 77.8-83.3% of respondents according different techniques.
3 Program Information 4 Responsible Office 4 References 4 Program Description 5 Business Case 5 Program Status 6 Schedule...service system. The system represents the AF commitment to modernize business practices and provide enhanced support for today’s service members and...their families . AFIPPS will align with DoD data standards for personnel, pay, and accounting, including the Common Human Resource Information
Mathews, P J
Using Maslow's hierarchy of needs as a base, this article attempts to determine the motivational level of respiratory therapy personnel. Also analyzed was the importance of these needs to the individuals studied. The instrument used to obtain the necessary data was a questionnaire designed to indicate a mathematical score relevant to a person's position in the hierarchy. This instrument was designed by Lyman Porter and is called the Porter needs-satisfaction index (PNSI). The respondents, who were representatives of all classes of respiratory therapy personnel, showed high levels of satisfaction in areas concerned with helping others, autonomy, and prestige. They ranked ability to help others, self-fulfillment, and feelings of accomplishment as highly important. Further analysis of the questionnaires is presently under way. It is hoped that data relative to position in the hierarchy based on demographic data will soon be available.
Lapègue, Tanguy; Bellenguez-Morineau, Odile; Prot, Damien
Colloque avec actes et comité de lecture. internationale.; International audience; This paper introduces an overview of the methods that have been used in the literature to solve the Shift Design and Personnel Task Scheduling Problem with Equity. Basically, this problem aims at designing a schedule while assigning fixed tasks, that cannot be preempted, to an heterogeneous workforce. Such problem may occur in several contexts, where industrial activity requires a sharp and efficient management...
Dominique Chevallier,, Laurent-Charles Antoinc,1 Odile Morin,, and Claire Segala,* *SEPIA- Sante , BAUD. France; fDRASS Pays de Loire, NANTES. France...neurobehavior, neurological health, exposure assessment 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a. NAME...Repeated workday exposure and central nervous system functioning among Air Force personnel. Tier I Inhalation exposure to jet fuel (JP8) among US Air
Hayami, Hitoshi; Nakamura, Masao
Many firms generate large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases when they burn fossil fuels in their production processes. In addition, production of raw materials and other inputs the firms procure for their operations also generates greenhouse gases indirectly. These direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions occur in many sectors of our economies. In this paper, we first present sector-specific estimates for such greenhouse gas emissions. We then show that estimates for such sector-specific greenhouse gas emissions are often required for various types of corporate as well as public policy analyses in both domestic and international contexts. Measuring greenhouse gas emissions resulting from firms' multi-stage production processes in a multi-sector context is relevant for policies related to the Kyoto protocol, an international agreement to limit global greenhouse gas emissions. For example, since the protocol allows firms to engage in trading and offsetting of their greenhouse gas emissions across national borders, provided that emissions are correctly measured, the firms can take advantage of such trading schemes by placing their energy-intensive production facilities globally and strategically. We present several case studies which illustrate the importance of this and other aspects of greenhouse gas emissions in firms' environmental management. We also argue that our modeling and estimation methods based on input-output analyses are suitable for the types of research goals we have in this paper. Our methods are applied to data for Canada and Japan in a variety of environmental management circumstances.
Joseph J. Knapik
Full Text Available Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES indicate 89% of Americans regularly consume caffeine, but these data do not include military personnel. This cross-sectional study examined caffeine use in Navy and Marine Corps personnel, including prevalence, amount of daily consumption, and factors associated with use. A random sample of Navy and Marine Corps personnel was contacted and asked to complete a detailed questionnaire describing their use of caffeine-containing substances, in addition to their demographic, military, and lifestyle characteristics. A total of 1708 service members (SMs completed the questionnaire. Overall, 87% reported using caffeinated beverages ≥1 time/week, with caffeine users consuming a mean ± standard error of 226 ± 5 mg/day (242 ± 7 mg/day for men, 183 ± 8 mg/day for women. The most commonly consumed caffeinated beverages (% users were coffee (65%, colas (54%, teas (40%, and energy drinks (28%. Multivariable logistic regression modeling indicated that characteristics independently associated with caffeine use (≥1 time/week included older age, white race/ethnicity, higher alcohol consumption, and participating in less resistance training. Prevalence of caffeine use in these SMs was similar to that reported in civilian investigations, but daily consumption (mg/day was higher.
Efstathopoulos, Efstathios P.; Makrygiannis, Stamatis S.; Kottou, Sofia; Karvouni, Evangelia; Giazitzoglou, Eleftherios; Korovesis, Socrates; Tzanalaridou, Efthalia; Raptou, Panagiota D.; Katritsis, Demosthenes G.
Percutaneous coronary interventions are associated with increased radiation exposure compared to most radiological examinations. This prospective study aimed at (1) measuring entrance doses for all in-room personnel, (2) performing an assessment of patient effective dose and intracoronary doses, (3) investigating the contribution of each projection to kerma-area product (KAP) and irradiation time, (4) comparing results with established DRL values in this clinical setting and (5) estimating the risk for fatal cancer to patients and operators. Measurements were performed during 40 consecutive procedures of coronary angiography (CA), half of which were followed by ad hoc coronary angioplasty (PTCA). KAP measurements were used for patients and thermoluminescent dosimetry for the in-room personnel. The mean KAP value per procedure for CA was 29 +/- 9 Gy cm2. Thirty four per cent of KAP was due to fluoroscopy, whereas the remainder (66%) was due to digital cine. Accordingly, the mean KAP value per PTCA procedure was 75 +/- 30 Gy cm2, and contribution of fluoroscopy is 57%. Effective dose per year was estimated to be 0.04-0.05 mSv y-1 for the primary operator, and 0.03-0.04 mSv y-1 for those assisting. Corresponding measurements for radiographer and nurse were below detectable level, implying minimal radiation hazards for them. Regarding radiation exposure, coronary intervention is considered a quite safe procedure for both patients and personnel in laboratories with modern equipment and experienced operators as long as standard safety precautions are considered. Exposure optimization though should be constantly sought through continuous review of procedures.
Nauele, T., A Risser , 0. (1964. February). Estimating manpower, personnel. and training requrmits early In the weapon system acquisition process...82-S03, AD-AI27 536). Wright-Patterson AFB, OH: Aeronautical systems Division* Risser , 0., A lerger. P. (1964, Septeer). Arm NARDNAN: Its origin...8217Vaskingtmn. DC: Logistics Mamagamnt Institute. Ziinrman, V., Butler, Re., Gray, V.. Rosenberg, LU. & Risser , 0. (1164, August). Evaluation of the 033MN
... published a notice of approval of a personnel management demonstration project for eligible ONR employees... of the Secretary Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratory Personnel Management Demonstration Project, Department of Navy, Office of Naval Research (ONR); Amendment and Corrections AGENCY:...
Sadatsafavi, Hessam; Walewski, John; Shepley, Mardelle
The expected increase in healthcare needs resulting from the Affordable Care Act and the growing population of older citizens in the United States is challenging owners and operators of hospitals to improve quality of care and reduce operational costs. Meanwhile, studies have indicated a serious shortage in the healthcare workforce and have highlighted the critical role of employees' job-related attitudes and feelings. The main objective of this study was to test whether employees' evaluations of important environments within hospitals were significantly associated with their job-related attitudes and feelings, and whether this relationship varied across different demographic groups. About 700 healthcare professionals from 10 acute-care hospitals run by three healthcare organizations participated in this cross-sectional study. Structural equation modeling found that employees' evaluations of their physical work environment were significantly associated with lower rates of job-related anxiety, higher levels of job satisfaction, and increased rates of organizational commitment. Perceived organizational support was responsible for mediating part of these relationships, indicating that employees can perceive a healthy work environment as a sign of their organization valuing them and caring about their well-being. When distinguishing between different spaces, analysis found that satisfaction with rest areas and work spaces had the largest effect size, while the influence of patient areas was small. Employees newer to the facility and to the organization were more influenced by the physical work environment. This study provides preliminary evidence that facility design can be used as a managerial tool for improving employees' job-related attitudes and feelings and earning their commitment.
袁春生; 韩洪灵; 吴丽丽
高管管理才能是企业经营不可或缺的专用性资产。公司治理目标不仅在于解决管理者道德风险，还在于挑选出优秀的管理者。文章考察管理才能专用性和经理人市场发育对企业外聘高管规模的影响，以及经理人市场发育是否会弱化管理才能专用性对外聘高管规模的影响程度。以2007-2013年间民营上市公司为样本的研究发现：管理才能专用性越强，企业更愿意聘用内部人为公司高管；经理人市场发育越好，企业聘用外部高管的比例越高；在经理人市场发育良好的地区，管理才能专用性对外聘高管规模的影响较弱；研究还发现，经理人市场发育对企业外聘高管规模的影响比对外部董事规模的影响更显著。文章丰富了资产专用性和高管聘用方面的研究成果。%Managerial ability of top managers is an indispensable specific asset for enterprise operation. The objective of cor⁃porate governance is not only to solve the management moral hazard,but also to select the excellent management. This paper discusses the impacts of managerial ability specificity and managerial labor market on the size of outside top managers , and whether the development of managerial labor market weakens the impact of managerial ability specificity on the size of outside top managers. Using the sample of Chinese private listed companies from 2007 to 2013,the study shows that:The more spe⁃cific the managerial ability,the more willingness the enterprises are inclined to internal promotion;The more developed the managerial labor markets, the higher proportion the enterprises employ external top managers;Moreover, the impact of managerial ability specificity on the size of external top managers will weaken in more developed managerial labor markets;The impact of the development of managerial labor market on the size of external top managers is more significant than that of external directors. The
... of the Secretary Science and Technology Reinvention Laboratory (STRL) Personnel Management Demonstration Projects AGENCY: Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Civilian Personnel Policy) (DASD (CPP)), Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Notice of proposed amendment to demonstration...
Ellson, S K
A manager's ability to make ethical decisions can determine if morale within a department or organization is high or low. It can also have a significant impact on employees' decision to organize. This article describes an in-service program on ethical decision making that has been successfully taught to management at a medium-sized Midwestern hospital. A program outline is suggested, possible reactions of managers are described, and results of positive and negative ethical decision making are examined.
Thales Novaes de Andrade
Full Text Available O presente texto pretende discutir a condição dos técnicos e pesquisadores de instituições de pesquisa frente às novas formas de gerenciamento das práticas de inovação. A literatura internacional aponta para uma dissociação crescente entre políticas científicas, tecnológicas e de inovação, o que repercute diretamente no desenvolvimento de criatividade tecnológica. Há a percepção de um conflito velado entre a gestão de práticas inovativas e o conteúdo da experimentação técnica. O texto pretende apresentar alguns resultados de uma pesquisa sobre práticas inovativas da Embrapa, articulando o estabelecimento de novas metas gerenciais e as transformações da inovação.This paper discusses the condition of the technicians and researchers from research institutions in the face of the new forms of management of innovation practices. The international literature points to an increasing disassociation between scientific, technological and innovation policies, which has direct effects on the development of technological creativity. There is a veiled conflict between the management of innovative practices and the subject of the technical experimentation. The text presents some of the results of a research on innovative practices conducted by Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - EMBRAPA (Brazilian Enterprise for Research on Farming and Cattle Raising, which establishes new managerial goals and innovation changes.
沈红波; 潘飞; 高新梓
管理层持股激励是当前理论和实务界关注的一种重要的公司治理机制。以往的研究往往研究激励契约本身或激励契约的经济后果。然而．激励契约有效发挥的重要前提是该契约与外部制度环境相适应。本文运用制度经济学的基本原理．实证检验了股权分置改革、国有控股、产品市场竞争这三种外部制度环境对管理层持股激励效率的影响。实证研究发现：①股权分置改革前，实施管理层持股激励的公司其经营绩效相比控制样本没有显著差异：股权分置改革后。其经营绩效显著高于控制样本。②国有控股企业采用管理层持股在股改前激励效应不显著．但是，在股改后激励效应显著提高。③在竞争性的产品市场，管理层持股激励有明显的正效应；而在垄断性市场中，管理层持股的激励效应较弱。本文的研究结果表明。制度环境是管理层持股激励发挥作用的重要前提．在实施管理层持股激励的同时。还应重视相关制度环境的改善，使管理层持股发挥应有的激励效应。%Managerial ownership incentive is an important corporate governance mechanism concerned by theory and practice fields. Previous studies tend to study the economic consequences of the incentive contract or the incentive contract itself. However, the incentives play effectively only adapted to the external institutional environment. This paper examines the efficiency of managerial ownership incentive in three institutional environments： non-tradable share reform, state-holding and product market competition using the basic principles of institutional economics from the perspective of effective contract. Empirical study finds that： First, the small differences in financial performance between companies with managerial ownership and those without in controls samples turned significant after the non-tradable share reform; Second, the
... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What personnel and resources must I have? 212.10.... 12-12-2011) Personnel and Resources § 212.10 What personnel and resources must I have? You must have... to perform their assigned functions. You must have adequate resources, including facilities...
... Releases RSS Feeds Speeches Videos What is the Administration for Children & Families? The Administration for Children and Families (ACF) is a division ... Center Blog Press Releases RSS Feeds Speeches Videos Administration for Children & Families U.S. Department of Health & Human ...
Bysted, Rune; Jespersen, Kristina Risom
Increasing employees’ innovative work behaviour is a complex process of developing an internal climate supportive of idea generation and realization through use of financial, participative, and decentralization mechanisms. This article investigates the effectiveness of these managerial mechanisms...
Romanovskyi, O. G.; Gren', L. M.; Knysh, A. Ye.
This tutorial aid deals with the subject, functions and principles, psychological laws of a leader’s managerial activity, leadership and management, a leader’s role in managerial activity, methods of psychological influence in management systems, individual-and-psychological peculiarities of leader’s personality and his/her role in improving a collective’s social-and-psychological and moral-and psychological climate. For students of all specialities studying psychology course of a leader’s ma...
Trevizan, Maria Auxiliadora; Mendes, Isabel Amélia Costa; Lourenço, Maria Regina; Shinyashiki, Gilberto Tadeu
Aiming at addressing the ethical aspects concerning nurses' managerial activities, the authors of this work referred to Etzioni and adopted a hospital classification as a reference of organization in which consent is based on the internalization of rules accepted as legitimate. Regarding patients, their need to adapt to medical behavior and hospital rules through internalization is considered to be a result of physicians', nurses' and the hospital's power. However, the authors view that such internalization is naive, without consent, especially by taking into account that most Brazilian patients do not know that they should or should not consent and are used to obeying. Thus, the work focused on nurses' managerial actions, indicating that they must be based on professional values, the Nursing ethical code as well as on the rights of hospitalized patients, thus integrating qualified care guided by respect, free consent and promotion of patients as the protagonists and subjects of care.
Azevedo, Creuza da Silva
This paper deals with organization management in a new perspective, stressing the micro-social aspects and the role of individuals in the process of implementing change in public health organizations such as hospitals. Following the paths of French psychosociology, the article approaches the imaginary, intersubjective and collective dimensions of these organizations, highlighting the ways hospitals' directors and employees engage themselves in a struggle for power, affiliation and recognition. An essentially interactive and intersubjective activity, management is examined in the light of psychoanalysis's leadership function. It seems crucial to take into account the directors' potential structuring role in order to understand the organizational changing processes. Nevertheless, the mounting crisis in Rio de Janeiro public health services does not favor change and the building of personal bonds, but disruption, dismantle of institutional affiliations. In this scenario, the management structuring function and the director's social and psychological mediating role lose ground.
Antti Syväjärvi; Ville Kivivirta; Jari Stenvall; Ilpo Laitinen
The widespread use of information and communication technology (ICT) in public management and public sector reforms is widely recognized. Here digital or electronic government is studied on the basis of information management in smart city government. Digital governance and information management have changed the ways city governments are organized and public services delivered. Unlike the research that has concentrated on private sector developments from digital or business perspective, stud...
Hagevoort, G Robert; Douphrate, David I; Reynolds, Stephen J
As modern dairy operations around the world expand, farmers are increasingly reliant on greater automation and larger numbers of hired labor to milk cows and perform other essential farm tasks. Dairy farming is among the most dangerous occupations, with high rates of injury, illness, and employee turnover. Lower education levels, illiteracy, and limited language proficiency increase the possibility of injury or death associated with higher risk occupations such as dairy. Sustaining a healthy, productive workforce is a critical component of risk management; however, many owners and managers have not received formal training in employee management or occupational health and safety. Optimal dairy farming management should address milk production that is sustainable and responsible from the animal welfare, social, economic, and environmental perspectives. Each of these aspects is interdependent with each other and with a sustainable, healthy, productive workforce. Very few studies address the effectiveness of risk management in the dairy industry. Studies suggest that labor management practices are a potential competitive advantage for dairy farms, but the connection with efficiency, productivity, and profitability has not been clearly demonstrated. Transformational leadership has been associated with improved safety climate and reduced incidence of injury, whereas passive leadership styles have opposite effects. There is a need to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of safety-specific transformational leadership among dairy owners and managers. A systematic approach to risk management should address worker health and safety as an integral component of production, food safety, and animal welfare. A successful program must address the cultural and linguistic barriers associated with immigrant workers.
Riggs, Michael W.; Hughey, Aaron W.
It is important that education and training programmes align with the needs of the professions they are designed to support. The culinary arts and hospitality industry is a vocational area that needs to be examined more closely to ensure that the skills and competencies taught are those that will actually be needed when students matriculate from…
Tidwell, Sam B.
This book describes recent improvements in governmental accounting, auditing, and financial reporting for school business officials. Applications of financial accounting and reporting principles in typical transactions of school systems are illustrated by questions, cases, and problems at the end of each chapter. The first of the two sections,…
Full Text Available The present study investigates the effects of participation of managers in budgeting on their management performance in the Tehran regional electricity company. Variables of this study are participation in budgeting, performance of managers, adequacy of funding and resource allocation, job satisfaction, organizational commitment and organizational trust. The type of research is survey. The study population consists of all middle level managers of Tehran Regional Electricity Company who according to the approved organizational chart were 34 in 2012. The research tool is a questionnaire. Analysis of data collected is accomplished by using the SPSS and smartPLS. The results show a significant correlation between the variables of managers' participation in budgeting and organizational trust, adequacy of funding and resource allocation and job satisfaction, organizational trust of managers on organizational commitment, organizational commitment and competence in the absorption of funding and optimal resource allocation and finally the competence in funding and optimal resource allocation of managers as well as job satisfaction and management performance.
Full Text Available The article gives a presentation of the port system of theRepublicof Slovenia and of the organizational, ownership andmanagerial structure of Slovenia's only cargo port in Koper.The analysis of the organizational, ownership and managerialstructure was carried out according to the methodology appliedin the European project entitled "Commission Staff WorkingProject on Public Financing and Charging Practices in theCommunity Sea Port Sector". The article performs a compara·tive analysis of the port of Koper with other ports of the EU inthe domain of organization, ownership and management, publicfinancing, accountancy monitoring of public money investedin the port infrastructure, principles of cost recovery ofinvested capital and possibilities of access of port operators tothe port infrastructure of the Slovenian cargo port. The articlepoints to the possibilities of ownership and managementchanges in the port of Koper.
Chornii Heorhii M.
Full Text Available The article is devoted to theoretical justification of classification of general managerial functions. Critical analysis of scientific works of eminent specialists in management gave a possibility to find out that classification of functions of the subject of management should be based on the objective cyclic change of the state of information by three stages: appearance of information, its concentration and transformation into a programme of specific actions. The article offers a classification model of the integrated managerial activity in social and mixed systems, which includes differentiation of managerial functions into three orders. Providing information, decision making and realisation of the decision are functions of the second order (basic in this model, while accounting, analysis, goal setting, planning, organisation, management and control – are, consequently, functions of the third order (derivatives. The article considers one specific example from management practice with the aim of verification of the author’s opinion regarding the processed classification of managerial functions.
Full Text Available It is well known that not only in Romania, internal control and auditing are subject to legal regulations. Often, the two forms of ensuring the quality of accounting information are particularly perceived as mandatory requirement instead of as a necessity for certifying the information travelling between producer and user. The paper addresses issues which aim to highlight the need to organize the internal control and auditing of the accounting information from the perspective of the need to certify the accounting information for a responsible reporting. Moreover, through a study conducted on a sample of 301 companies in the Central Region of Romania, we also captured the managers’/directors’ opinion regarding the internal control and audit in terms of confidence, ensuring opportunities to valorise the accounting information and its usefulness for management.
Full Text Available This paper presents synthetically the organization of tourism activities in Australia, harmoniously integrated within the functional unit of the economy, as well as the relations between the components of this system, so that they function as real motors of accomplishing the national strategy of tourism development. This paper also deals with sustainable tourism and tourism ecolabelling programs in Australia. The opinions expressed are based on the research of the cited bibliographic sources and the interpretation of current information, taken from the websites of some reliable organizations (Tourism Australia, Australian Bureau of Statistics. Primary statistics were taken from Tourism Research Australia(TRA, Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS, United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO and Tourism Satellite Account.This study may be extended through a similar approach of tourism industry’ organization and tourism development strategy in other regions with great tourism potential, using relevant comparative analyses thereafter.
1 Lt Col (Dr) Jyotirmaya Satpathy, DLitt, Faculty, Officers’ Training Academy, Indian Army, Gaya, India. (Corresponding Author) Mail: 2 Dr Adyasha Das, PhD, Faculty, Indian Institute of Tourism Management, Bhubaneswar, India. 3 Professor Suneetha Narendran, PhD, Faculty, Dept. of Management(Organisation Behaviour) and Director Research, University of East London, UK. 4 Dr Sandhya R Das, PhD, Faculty, Dept. of Economics, Berhampur University, Berhampur, India.
Decision-making is a region of intense study in neuroscience, and cognitive neuroscience, In real, World decision processes, management decisions emerge from complexly interlinked, This paper explores how brain absorbs information, recognises and frames problematic situations, and chooses appropriate responses, Brain structures suggest that brain considers various sources of information before making decision, Brain imaging technologies have stimulated neuro (managerial) studies of internal o...
Mitchell, David; Enemark, Stig
reliance on government funding, poor pay for academic staff, inadequate facilities, and poor governance. In this paper we focus on higher education in the land sector in South-East Asia, and find that similar problems exist. At the same time there has been an increase in the investment in land titling...... projects in developing countries resulting in a significant increase in demand for people with qualifications and skills in surveying, valuation, planning and associated disciplines. In developed countries the objectives of higher education for the professions associated with land administration...... are relatively well established. There is a clear trend towards an increased focus in surveying education on the development of managerial skills, and the acquisition and application of interdisciplinary problem-solving skills (Enemark 2001, Enemark 2007). However, there is limited literature on the objectives...
Full Text Available From the perspective of financial or managerial accountant, subject of interest in this paper is the relationship of financial and managerial accounting in the hotel business. Being necessary functions within the business system of hotel company, their mutual connection as well as their differences are explained. The management of hotel company makes decisions based on accounting information from both parts of accounting. As support to hotel management in decision-making, financial accountant provides financial information about past events, while managerial accountant provides non-financial information oriented toward future. The example above is just one out of many specific tasks, which are performed by accountants of specific part of hotel accounting system. Without their support, the management could not make correct and timely decisions with certainty. The importance of the roles of financial and managerial accountant is reflected through need for a wide knowledge in the field of accounting in specific business conditions of hotel industry.
Ntinas, Konstantinos M.
The aim of the present article is to critically analyse the literature concerning the factors that lead to non-interventionism towards self-injurious behaviour (SIB) in the field of intellectual disability and to make recommendations for the development of practice. It emerges that the limited behaviour analytic skills of practitioners impede the…
Simoni Smaranda; Mihai Daniela
This paper presents synthetically the organisation of tourism activities in Australia, harmoniously integrated within the functional unit of the economy, as well as the relations between the components of this system, so that they function as real motors of accomplishing the national strategy of tourism development. This paper also deals with sustainable tourism and tourism ecolabelling programs in Australia. The opinions expressed are based on the research of the cited bibliographic sources ...
Full Text Available The implementation of a managerial accounting system represents a genuine initiative for implementing change, this involving the need for change, a vision of change and strategy, and last, but not least, innovation stimulation. In the last decades, the implementation of such a system translated into a broader reform, including the management system used. A management control system, once implemented, tends to attract the manifestation of creative accounting phenomena, especially in times of crisis. Taking these into consideration, the article aims to highlight the importance of the implementation of a modern managerial accounting system in the Romanian firms, as well as to analyse the potential consequences of this process, from the author’s point of view.
Grimmelikhuijsen, S.G.; Jilke, Sebastian; Leth Olsen, Asmus; Tummers, L.G.
Behavioral public administration is the analysis of public administration from the micro-perspective of individual behavior and attitudes by drawing upon insights from psychology on behavior of individuals and groups. We discuss how scholars in public administration currently draw on theories and me
Anastasia Athanassoula-Reppa; Manolis Koutouzis
This article deals with the under-representation of women in managerial positions in Greece. While substantial progress has been made in terms of the legal framework that ensures equal rights to both men and women in the country, evidence shows that there are barriers that inhibit women from pursuing and taking such positions, resulting to covert discrimination. This occurs despite the dominance of women in Greek education. We regard that kind of discrimination as a democratic deficit; it con...
黃乃熒 Nai-Ying Whang
本文旨在透過後現代學校行政倫理觀點，來探索管理智慧，以為學校行政開啟新的視野。後現代學校行政倫理，強調對巨型理論、普遍性規範、或明確性實體的挑戰，來回應體系邊緣人的聲音，以利服務面更為完整，促進學校經營的正面效應，將有助於提升管理智慧。因此，從後現代學校行政倫理來探索管理智慧，益形重要。為達成研究目的，本研究選取一所國民中學為樣本，採用質性個案研 究法，且以訪談來蒐集資料，瞭解後現代學校行政倫理的正面效果，並透過訪談結果的分析，進行討論，來探索其管理智慧，據以提出結論，包括其存在於領導者與被領導者的矛盾，會驅動領導者服務個人協調人際關係及時間目標的能力與關鍵的德行，他人優先及選擇有效溝通策略的動機。 This study explores postmodern ethics in school administration and inquires regarding its managerial wisdom. Postmodern ethics in school administration emphasizes grand theory and univers...
Turner, Patricia V; Brabb, Thea; Pekow, Cynthia; Vasbinder, Mary Ann
Administration of substances to laboratory animals requires careful consideration and planning to optimize delivery of the agent to the animal while minimizing potential adverse experiences from the procedure. For all species, many different routes are available for administration of substances. The research team and IACUC members should be aware of reasons for selecting specific routes and of training and competency necessary for personnel to use these routes effectively. Once a route is selected, issues such as volume of administration, site of delivery, pH of the substance, and other factors must be considered to refine the technique. Inadequate training or inattention to detail during this aspect of a study may result in unintentional adverse effects on experimental animals and confounded results.
Gosnell, D J; Biordi, D L
Increasingly, nursing education programs, like other major institutions in the United States, are being charged to "do more with less." How to acquire sufficient human and material resources is a continuing challenge in an era of economic constraint. Benchmark data on the distribution of personnel resources within nursing programs is nearly nonexistent. To assess the personnel resources of nursing programs of major size and stature within the United States, a Personnel Resource Survey was mailed to the universe of all nursing programs located in Carnegie-designated Doctoral I, Research II, and Research I universities and/or colleges in the United States (n = 96). The return rate was 58 per cent, with a useable survey rate of 51 per cent (n = 49). Comparative numbers and ratios of administrators, faculty, students, and various levels and types of support staff by Carnegie-type institutions are presented. Findings indicate that, overall, nursing programs in Research I universities had 1.5 to 2 times as many personnel resources per student than programs in Doctoral I and Research II institutions. Doctoral I and Research II programs closely resembled each other. The details of the data, as well as its standardization into full-time equivalents, are useful to both university and nursing administrators, faculty, and staff in their comparisons and procurement of needed resources.
This exciting volume explores the role of technical services functions and organizational structure as forces in the library change process. It provides practical information to help administrators make decisions about how their libraries are organized and managed. As libraries change in many ways--organizational structure, design of jobs, managerial philosophy, responsibilities of professionals, and the impact of automation--librarians in technical services, administrators, and personnel officers--need guidance in meeting the new challenges in order to continue providing thorough efficient se
Mustafa Batuhan Ayhan
Full Text Available Purpose: The main objective of this study is to introduce the concept of managerial innovation and to propose a quantitative methodology to measure the degree of managerial innovation capability by analyzing the evolution of the techniques used for management functions.Design/methodology/approach: The methodology mainly focuses on the different techniques used for each management functions namely; Planning, Organizing, Leading, Controlling and Coordinating. These functions are studied and the different techniques used for them are listed. Since the techniques used for these management functions evolve in time due to technological and social changes, a methodology is required to measure the degree of managerial innovation capability. This competency is measured through an analysis performed to point out which techniques used for each of these functions.Findings: To check the validity and applicability of this methodology, it is implemented to a manufacturing company. Depending on the results of the implementation, enhancements are suggested to the company for each function to survive in the changing managerial conditionsResearch limitations/implications: The primary limitation of this study is the implementation area. Although the study is implemented in just a single manufacturing company, it is welcomed to apply the same methodology to measure the managerial innovation capabilities of other manufacturing companies. Moreover, the model is ready to be adapted to different sectors although it is mainly prepared for manufacturing sector.Originality/value: Although innovation management is widely studied, managerial innovation is a new concept and introduced to measure the capability to challenge the changes occur in managerial functions. As a brief this methodology aims to be a pioneer in the field of managerial innovation regarding the evolution of management functions. Therefore it is expected to lead more studies to inspect the progress of
Bates, T.R. Jr.; Tait, S. (Sedco Forex, Aberdeen (GB)); Mumford, G. (Sedco Forex, Montrouge (FR))
The authors discuss how improvements that can increase rig safety can be made in equipment, regulations, and stabilized personnel levels. With regard to equipment, exposure to material handling must be reduced through automation, and well-control technology must be improved by enhanced use of computers and better systems to handle gas. According to this analysis, regulations are needed that are global in scope and have had their costs-to-benefits fully and fairly assessed. Self regulation must be used effectively throughout the industry. Job security and wages should be made adequate to maintain an experienced, motivated, and safe work force.
Md. Sahidur Rahman
Full Text Available Emotional intelligence is very critical to the managerial effectiveness. The present study intends to explore the relationships between emotional intelligence and the three roles such as, interpersonal, informational, and decision of managerial effectiveness. Emotional intelligence is measured by using the Emotional Quotient Index (Rahim et al., 2002 [Rahim, M., Psenicka, C., Polychroniou, P., Zhao, J., Yu, C., Chan, K., Susana, K., Alves, M., Lee, C., Rahman, M.S., Ferdausy, S., & Wyk, R. (2002. A model of emotional intelligence and conflict management strategies: a study in seven countries. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 10(4, 302-326.] while managerial effectiveness is assessed by using Tsui’s (1984 scale [Tsui, A.S. (1984. A role set analysis of managerial reputation. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 34, 64-96.]. Data were collected by distributing self-administered questionnaires among the working MBA students using a convenience sampling technique. Respondents are asked to rate their emotional intelligence and managerial effectiveness scales. Finally 127 usable responses are received and, then, analyzed by using the descriptive statistics, bivariate correlation, and regression analysis. Analysis shows that emotional intelligence was positively related with interpersonal role, informational role, and decision role. The main implication is that emotional intelligence could enhance managerial effectiveness guiding the managers, academics, and professionals. The limitations are the sample size and the sampling technique which might limit the generalizability of the findings. Future directions are also discussed.
Full Text Available The notion groupware contents the information technologies that facilitate theteam work and that are intended for communication, collaboration,coordination within the organization. Having as base software routines forteamwork, the groupware technology has many applications in themanagement process of the organization. The notion groupware refers to aspecial class of web packages connected to a network of personalcomputers: email, chat, video IP, newsgroups, etc. The studies from theliterature consider the groupware as a class of software programs thatfacilitate the coordination, the communication and the cooperation within themember of a group. As in marketing the marketing-mix is known as the “4P”,in the area of groupware its characteristics are known as the “3C”:communication within the group; coordination among the members of thegroup; collaboration among the members of the group. From the groupwaresoftware those with relevance for the managerial activity are: electronic mail,Internet meetings, time management, project management, the managementof dissimulated information. The groupware technologies can be divised inmany categories based on two elements: time and space. The users of agroupware work together in the same time – real time groupware, or invarious periods of time – offline groupware.
Swaja, R.E.; Sims, C.S.; Greene, R.T.
The Ninth Personnel Dosimetry Intercomparison Study was conducted during April 19-21, 1983, at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Dosemeters from 33 participating agencies were mounted on water-filled polyethylene elliptical phantoms and exposed to a range of low-level dose equivalents (0.02-0.45 mSv gamma and 0.49-11.14 mSv neutron) which could be encountered during routine personnel monitoring in mixed radiation fields. The Health Physics Research Reactor served as the radiation source for six separate exposures which used four different shield conditions: unshielded and shielded with steel, steel/concrete, and concrete. Results of the neutron measurements indicate that it is not unusual for dose equivalent estimates made under the same conditions by different agencies to differ by more than a factor of 2. Albedo systems, which were the most popular neutron monitors in this study, provided the most accurate results with CR-39 recoil track being least accurate. Track and film neutron systems exhibited problems providing measurable indication of neutron exposure at dose equivalents of about 0.50 mSv. Gamma measurements showed that TLD and film systems generally overestimated dose equivalents in the mixed radiation fields with film exhibiting significant problems providing measurable indication of gamma exposure at dose equivalents lower than about 0.15 mSv. Under the conditions of this study in which exposures were carefully controlled and participants had information concerning exposure conditions and incident spectra prior to dosemeter analysis, only slightly more than half of all neutron and gamma dose equivalent estimates met regulatory accuracy standards relative to reference values. These results indicate that continued improvement of mixed-field personnel dosimetry is required by many participating organizations. 15 references, 30 tables.
Loyko V. I.
Full Text Available The article presents the criteria for the effectiveness of the scientific and pedagogical workers of higher skill levels for the preparation of scientific and pedagogical staff. It is known that the preparation of the teaching staff (PhDs - one of the most important activities of higher education institutions; Moreover, when the state accreditation of higher education institutions compulsorily taken into account indicators that reflect the impact of training candidates. Also, of course, that the training of the teaching staff (PhDs - activities that require both high levels of research and pedagogical competence. This means that the results of scientific and teaching staff higher qualification levels for the preparation of the scientific staff - both indicators of research and pedagogical competence; own training of researchers - an area of "crossing" of scientific and pedagogical activity. Unfortunately, the increase in the number of scientific personnel being prepared does not always mean quality growth. Often trained scientific personnel (PhD not only do not approach the level of competence of its research (the results of research to the supervisor, and stopped to engage in scientific activities after defending his doctoral dissertation (or engaged at a low level. Therefore, the article authors consider it expedient to propose indicators that reflect not only the amount and timeliness of the research training (PhD thesis defense sometimes occur many years after graduate school, but also the productivity of this activity. From the point of view of the authors, the success of research training only can be considered productive when prepared by the scientific supervisor candidates of sciences are highly qualified scientific personnel, ie conduct high-level research, the results of which are recognized by the scientific community; the same is true of the scientific advice (highly qualified scientific workers - doctors. The practical significance
Full Text Available This contribution, based on a statistical approach, undertakes to link data on resources (personnel and financial means and the working of the administration of penal justice (prosecution, sentencing taking into account the nationality of those prosecuted. In order to be able to distinguish prosecution and sentencing practices of judicial authorities and possible processes of discrimination, diverse sources have been used such as data from court administrations, public finances and police forces, collected by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office and the Swiss Federal administration of finances. The authors discuss discrimination in prosecution and sentencing between Swiss residents and foreigners taking into account localization and resources regarding personnel and public finances.
Dillon, P. J.; Jones, E. L.
In England, management policies on land use and environmental consumerism are demand led, reactive, and detached from ecological and economic realities. Education that emphasizes environmental management from a standpoint of ethics, economics, political science, and law is recommended. (SK)
The article presents the required management competences from the perspective of contemporary management concepts. As the main concepts we have presented: knowledge management and learning organization, Total Quality Management, processes management, Kaizen and elimination of waste, virtual and network management and time based management. The most important management competences connected with above concepts are: focus on outside and effectiveness, care about efficie...
Dixon, M.; Karniouchina, E.; Rhee, van der B.; Verma, R.; Victorino, L.
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the importance of a coordinated marketing and operations strategy in goods and service producing business organizations. Customer engagement and co-production are imperative service delivery considerations, and therefore an aligned marketing and operations str
Full Text Available The experience of organizational and management innovations at the domestic enterprises is represented; also areas and forms of players' of the building materials market cooperation within diversified groups and associations are covered.
Filipova, Anna A
This study investigates ethical climates in government, nonprofit, and for-profit nursing homes and determines their similarities and differences. Surveys were collected from 656 (21.4%) licensed nurses who worked in 100 skilled nursing facilities in one Midwestern state. Shared law and code and caring ethical climates were identified across the 3 sector nursing homes. Those climates were also polarized. Important implications were drawn for consideration of ethical perceptions of each sector during negotiations and contract management.
Niang, Mohamed; Sørensen, Brian Vejrum
of redistributing development activities illustrates how an industrial company has coped with the configuration of development oriented activities in a context of global operations and sales. The historical trajectory of the development activities helps to understand how and why new roles and competencies...... are relocated across the firm. We illustrate how the network of development oriented activities has evolved from a single center driving development to a globally distributed network made of complementary competence centers with reciprocal interdependence, and how this shift has challenged the system and its...... and coordination of distributed activities. On this basis, current and future challenges related to the structure and infrastructure of operations network are identified....
a study of employee motivation and morale. That portion of the Patchen questionnaire dealing with job motivation indices 36 was used intact to...similar to and compare favorably with those obtained by Patchen in his study of employee motivation and morale (27:28). Data Relating to Influence...Questionnaire Measures of Employee Motivation and Morale; A Report on Their Reliability and Validity. The University of ~~ Michigan: Institute for Social
Hansen, Claus D.; Nielsen, Kent J
Background Work injuries related to lifting are the most prevalent among ambulance personnel (AP) despite the introduction of ‘assistive technologies’ (AT) that help reduce situations of manual lifting. One third of the AP report using AT only ‘sometimes’ and 10% report having lifted a patient...... alone. For those 5% scoring lowest on MRNI the probability of reporting lifting alone was 6% while this figure was 17% for those scoring above the 95th percentile. Conclusion This study suggests that male ambulance workers performance of masculinity might pose a threat to their safety. AP...
AMALIA VENERA TODORUŢ
Full Text Available In this work we proposed myself to approach aspects bound to theimportance of Six Sigma method in what concerns the growth of the organization’sperformances within a dynamic and hostile environment marked by the nowadays slump and bythe more and more sophisticated requests of the customers. Within my work I have gone overand presented the necessity of improving the processes through the Six Sigma method and Ihave analysed the external and internal factors “relatively fluid” and “relatively rigid” whichinfluence the attainment of some superior levels of processes’ performance. I have studied theSix Sigma model of improving the processes and I have emphasized the operational andmanagerial influences of this model. I have also analyzed the relation of complementarityamong the management system ISO 9000:2000, the Kaizen techniques, Total QualityManagement and Total Productive Maintenance and the strategy Six Sigma which has as resultthe growth of the economic performances.
S. Khanagha (Saeed)
markdownabstract__Abstract__ The advancement of information and communication technologies has brought a digital age, where massive computing power, high speed and ubiquitous access to internet and more recently Cloud Computing Technology are expected to transform a wide range of organizations, ind
Full Text Available Abstract Background Several management and environmental factors are known as contributory causes of clinical mastitis in dairy herd. The study objectives were to describe the structure of herd-specific mastitis management and environmental factors and to assess the relevance of these herd-specific indicators to mastitis incidence rate. Methods Disease reports from the Danish Cattle Data Base and a management questionnaire from 2,146 herds in three Danish regions were analyzed to identify and characterize risk factors of clinical mastitis. A total of 94 (18 continuous and 76 discrete management and production variables were screened in separate bivariate regression models. Variables associated with mastitis incidence rate at a p-value Results Three latent factors (quality of labor, region of Denmark and claw trimming, and quality of outdoor holding area were identified from 14 variables. Daily milk production per cow, claw disease, quality of labor and region of Denmark were found to be significantly associated with mastitis incidence rate. A common multiple regression analysis with backward and forward selection procedures indicated there were 9 herd-specific risk factors. Conclusion Though risk factors ascertained by farmer-completed surveys explained a small percentage of the among-herd variability in crude herd-specific mastitis rates, the study suggested that farmer attitudes toward mastitis and lameness treatment were important determinants for mastitis incidence rate. Our factor analysis identified one significant latent factor, which was related to labor quality on the farm.
O.R. Mihalache (Oli)
textabstractInnovation is the engine of sustained organizational performance and is central to organizations’ competitive advantage. This thesis aims to further the understanding of how firms can stimulate two types of innovation outcomes: i) product and service innovation, and ii) management innova
Taylor, Scott; Thorpe, Richard; Down, Simon
Case studies of four British companies showed that management legitimacy and authority were negotiated along the axes of technical expertise and abstract knowledge. Employees required evidence of management competence, and structural indicators such as management degrees or courses did not confer unquestioned legitimacy. (Contains 62 references.)…
Mace, Teresa Marie Taylor
A significant increase in community colleges' (CC) presidential retirements is resulting in a huge loss of critical knowledge and experience. Recognition of this has led to numerous efforts and initiatives to prepare future community college leaders. These efforts have included numerous attempts to identify the competencies, skills, and leadership…
Riyanto, Yohanes E.
This paper provides a rationale for a firm to adopt either an integrated or a separated divisional structure, which is based on the interplay between the structure of authority and the costs and benefits of integration vis-a-vis separation. We use the framework of Aghion and Tirole (1997) to explain
以2007-2010年沪深两市上市公司为研究对象，研究管理者过度自信对企业过度投资行为的影响，以及公司治理对它的抑制作用。实证检验的结果表明：管理者过度自信与企业过度投资存在显著的正相关关系；良好的公司治理能够抑制管理者过度自信导致的企业过度投资。具体来说，公司治理因素中的董事会的独立性、董事长与总经理两职分离、债权人和政府的干预能对管理者过度自信导致的过度投资行为起到抑制作用，但行业竞争强度的抑制作用不明显。%From the perspective of behavioral finance, the authors examine the influence of managerial overconfidence on firms’ overinvestment using the data of China A-share listed companies from 2007 to 2010, and test the restriction effect of governance mechanisms. The evidence shows that managerial overconfidence is obviously positively correlated with overinvestment, and effective corporate governance mitigates managerial overconfidence and hence reduces the level of overinvestment of listed companies. Specifically, independent board, splitting of CEO and Chairman, and creditor and the government’s interference can play the restraining role, while the industry competition can’t.
Piotti, B; Macome, E
It has been predicted that major introduction of information communication technology (ICT) for health care organisations (HCO) over the next 10 years will be used to achieve the universal coverage and improve the quality of health care delivered to people. Which is the best strategy on ICT transfer, adoption and adaptation for the local Mozambican HCO? This paper argues that a sociotechnical approach of ICT development can help policy makers and health managers to address the technology transfer in a better and more appropriate way to their social context and to the public health reforms in progress. The urgency of health care demands (e.g. AIDS epidemic) and the institutional changes implemented by the Government and the local Ministry of Health (MOH), open a dynamic process of re-organisation inside the health institutions in the next years. This process needs to be monitored and initiatives planned, which places pressure on the evolution of health information system (HIS). The increase in the use of ICT can be an ally for health managers. The emergence of the open source software (OSS) and the recent ICT market trends towards networking may also enable local HCO to better face and solve the long process of health care standardisation, which usually prepares and accompanies any introduction of ICT. On the other side, the "big bang" introduction of electronic packages, devices and software applications may be an obstacle framing and anchoring local HCO to external settings, "modern" and universal models. Thus, a uniform step-by-step implementation of hospital-based health information system is desirable.
Full Text Available The global economy development has not only positive effects but also negative consequences, in terms of air pollution with a major impact against the climate change and human health. This fact stimulated the intensification of research endeavours to identify and develop new options for sustainable energy supply and further for reducing the dependence on fossil fuels, as considered the major air pollutants globally. Among the non-polluting fuels, the currently biodiesel second generation becomes a viable solution in order to develop an alternative sustainable source of fueling. Even if this type of fuel has been implemented and approved as viable for land and air transportation meanings, the maritime transportation sector is still reluctant in implementing this new fuel on board to commercial vessels. In this article were approached the major advantages of using biodiesel powered engines, being detailed the technical, operational and legal solutions to eliminate the current reserve in adopting this innovative cleaner fuel on maritime transportation practice.
Huang, Laura; Frideger, Marcia; Pearce, Jone L
We propose and test a new theory explaining glass-ceiling bias against nonnative speakers as driven by perceptions that nonnative speakers have weak political skill. Although nonnative accent is a complex signal, its effects on assessments of the speakers' political skill are something that speakers can actively mitigate; this makes it an important bias to understand. In Study 1, White and Asian nonnative speakers using the same scripted responses as native speakers were found to be significantly less likely to be recommended for a middle-management position, and this bias was fully mediated by assessments of their political skill. The alternative explanations of race, communication skill, and collaborative skill were nonsignificant. In Study 2, entrepreneurial start-up pitches from national high-technology, new-venture funding competitions were shown to experienced executive MBA students. Nonnative speakers were found to have a significantly lower likelihood of receiving new-venture funding, and this was fully mediated by the coders' assessments of their political skill. The entrepreneurs' race, communication skill, and collaborative skill had no effect. We discuss the value of empirically testing various posited reasons for glass-ceiling biases, how the importance and ambiguity of political skill for executive success serve as an ostensibly meritocratic cover for nonnative speaker bias, and other theoretical and practical implications of this work.
Sunday O. Effiok
Full Text Available The study was conducted to appraise the impact of creative accounting on managementdecisions of selected companies listed in the Nigerian Stock Exchange. With the background,the main objective of the study includes the examination of the extent to which macromanipulationof financial statement affects management decisions; to examine the extent towhich macro-manipulation of financial statement affects share price performance; and todetermine the impact of misreported assets and liabilities as well as makingrecommendations to help remedy some of the problems.The research method used was descriptive and the primary data collected were summarizedand tabulated. These were picked in line with the hypotheses variables of the study so as todetermine their validity. The model adopted for analysis of data was the multiple recreationanalysis. It was observed that the application of creativity in financial statement reportingsignificantly affects the decision of management to recapitalize the firm upward or dispose ofit reserves. The study concluded that creative accounting through macro-manipulation offinancial statements affects a firm’s price and capital market performance. In view of thestudy, the researcher recommended that the application of creative accounting onmanagement decision should be to avoid misreporting of assets and liabilities in theirfinancial report, and that management decision towards creative accounting should begeared towards the relative advantage principle and good corporate governance whichencourage challenges to current ways of thinking and not manipulating for self interest.
Mount, Michael K.
Surveyed managers and employees to assess satisfaction with a performance appraisal system. Factor analyses indicated that employees perceive certain aspects of the appraisal system in a global way, whereas managers differentiate among various components and see them as distinct entities. The relative importance of the factors differs. (Author/JAC)
Chapter 4 examines the existence of the gender pay gap among top managers in the UK. The study suggests the existence of substantial differences in both the level and mix of executive remuneration between male and female executives, but fails to establish a gender pay gap at the CEO level. The fourt
Hirokawa, Randy Y.; And Others
Investigates the persuasive communication of male and female middle managers, focusing on the mediating influence of a manager's power on his or her selection of anticipated compliance-gaining message strategies. Finds no marked differences between the genders in the types of strategies and tactics used to influence subordinates. (KEH)
The purpose of this study is that to evaluate nine educational management plans between the years 1963-2013 and one plan in the process of implementation educational management. Document analysis technique from the qualitative research methods was used in this research. Data was analyzed as three stages: description, analysis and interpretation.…
van den Oever, Koen; Martin, Xavier; Baden-Fuller, Charles; Mangematin, Vincent
We study the decision-making process behind business model change, focusing specifically on the tactics managers employ to gain support for such changes. We first argue for the prominent role of middle management in business model change, and second, we revisit the literature on issue selling and ch
Steinmann, Barbara; Ötting, Sonja K.; Maier, Günter W.
In a sample of 70 leader-follower dyads, this study examines the separate and interactive effects of the leaders’ implicit needs for power, achievement, and affiliation on leadership behaviors and outcomes. Results show that whereas the need for achievement was marginally associated with follower-rated passive leadership, the need for affiliation was significantly related to ratings of the leaders’ concern for the needs of their followers. Analyzing motive combinations in terms of interactive effects and accounting for the growing evidence on the value of affiliative concerns in leadership, we assumed the need for affiliation would channel the interplay among the needs for power and achievement in such a way that the leaders would become more effective in leading others. As expected, based on high need for achievement, the followers were more satisfied with their jobs and with their leaders and perceived more transformational leadership behavior if power-motivated leaders equally had a high need for affiliation. Moreover, the leaders indicated higher career success when this was the case. However, in indicators of followers’ performance, the three-way interaction among the needs for power, achievement, and affiliation did not account for additional variance. PMID:28066295
Hamid Reza Salmani MOJAVERI
Full Text Available This paper tries to demonstrate ethical value as being an essential element in order to achieve sustainability in many societies such as Iran. In addition this paper lays out some of obstacle and challenges about ethical issues in Iranian industries. The evidence from our investigation supports that employee and management rather tend to ethical values.
Nielsen, Poul Aaes
performance triggers important strategic responses related to problem identification, search, and change. In turn, how performance is perceived depends on whether performance falls short of aspiration levels that are based on an organization’s historical performance and the performance of peer organizations......While performance management is increasingly widespread, we still know little about how performance information generates learning and affects organizational responses. Recent work on performance information and learning in private business organizations, however, suggests that perceived negative....... This article adapts this model to a public sector context and tests one implication of the model, namely that public managers will increase their prioritization of goals that are currently performing below aspirations. This is a central question to the study of public organizations pursuing multiple...
Pauly, Mark V; Nicholson, Sean; Polsky, Daniel; Berger, Marc L; Sharda, Claire
This paper reports on a study of manager perceptions of the cost to employers of on-the-job employee illness, sometimes termed 'presenteeism,' for various types of jobs. Using methods developed previously, the authors analyzed data from a survey of more than 800 US managers to determine the characteristics of various jobs and the relationship of those characteristics to the manager's view of the cost to the firm of absenteeism and presenteeism. Jobs with characteristics that suggest unusually high cost (relative to wages) were similar in terms of their 'absenteeism multipliers' and their 'presenteeism multipliers.' Jobs with high values of team production, high requirements for timely output, and high difficulties of substitution for absent or impaired workers had significantly higher indicators of cost for both absenteeism and presenteeism, although substitution was somewhat less important for presenteeism.
Full Text Available This study is aimed to test the manager’s satisfaction of the managers using the ERP and to test the influence of job satisfaction towards the performance in the decision process by the manager. The measurement of the satisfaction towards the ERP system will be conducted using the end user’s satisfaction computing model (EUCS, using the content, accuracy, formal ease of use, and timelines attributes (Doll and Torkzadeh, 1988. Whereas, the performance is measured using the instrument which was developed by Nicolaou (2000 consisting of 2 (two question items about the reporting and continuing control, 7 (seven items of questions adopted from the study results of Spathis and Constantinides (2004. The data were collected through a survey using questionnaires distributed to companies that have used the ERP system. The data analysis used the Partial Least Square method with SmartPLS program. The results show that the concept of EUCS has a conformation and there is a significant effect between the ERP system user satisfaction with the manager’s performance, especially in the decision making process. This result contributes to the concept of EUCS and supports previous research related to user satisfaction in different types of information system applications.
Full Text Available The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR is a prerequisite for business growth, through innovation and business opportunities providing, in order to make the difference between companies, in the high competitive environment. In our view, the CSR must be integrated and developed inside the company strategy, as its basic set of moral values and principles that reflect the company goals. In this scientific approach, we have explained the concept of Social Responsibility both in terms of theory and as an analysis support for practical issues, in some eastern Romanian companies. The paper is oriented for achieving two main goals: to determine the main Social Responsibility actions made by the companies and to demonstrate the importance of their implementation; to explore the impact of the CSR activities on an expected advantageous position of these companies on their markets. Considered as a direct beneficiary of the community where it belongs, the company returns a part of its success to the community through its active participation in the critical general problems. A company that does not respect the environment, the community, its employees or the ethical principles, will lose credibility and will move away customers and suppliers.
Merrill, Katreena Collette; Pepper, Ginette; Blegen, Mary
Nurse managers play pivotal roles in hospitals. However, restructuring has resulted in nurse managers having wider span of control and reduced visibility. The purpose of this pilot study was to compare two methods of measuring span of control: departmental complexity and number of direct reports. Forty-one nurse managers across nine hospitals completed The Ottawa Hospital Clinical Manager Span of Control Tool (TOH-SOC) and a demographic survey. A moderate positive relationship between number of direct reports and departmental complexity score was identified (r=.49, p=<.01). Intensive care departments were more likely to be classified differently, using departmental complexity compared to number of direct reports (54%). TOH-SOC is a reliable instrument (Cronbach's alpha = .838). Using departmental complexity rather than direct reports may more accurately reflect the full scope of nurse managers' responsibility.
Farah Izzaida Mohd Zamri; Nurul Fadly Habidin; Siti Norhafizan Hibadullah; Nursyazwani Mohd Fuzi; Auni Fatin Nadia Chiek Desa
The purpose of this paper is to determine the relationship between the Green Lean Six Sigma (GLSS) and the Management Innovation (MI) to be implemented in the Malaysian Automotive Industry. This paper tries to examine how the GLSS can contribute and have a positive impact on the development of MI to achieve better performance in the automotive industry. In addition, by applying the advantages of innovation in an industry, they are able to ensure they have a competitive advantage factor. There...
Full Text Available The object of this article is to determine the main purpose of company’s budgeting, to study its functions in terms of personnel management, to identify the main advantages and disadvantages of budgeting and to determine the stages of realization budgeting in the company. There have been considered the purpose and aim of budgeting. The main functions of budgeting, which include such ones as: planning, forecasting, information and analysis function, motivational, coordinative, control and involvement function have been identified (determined. In terms of defined functions of budgeting their essence in budgeting personnel costs has been outlined. The main advantages and disadvantages of budgeting have been found. There has been determined the implementing and realization company’s budgeting. The process of budgeting is realized according to the following consecutive stages: preparatory and analytical stage; definition of budget constraints; drafting up the budget; discussion and adjustment of budget indicators; adoption of budget; analysis and control of the budget. There also has been considered budget organization structure which includes budget committee, budget planning and analysis department, financial responsibility center.
Full Text Available The need to adapt to external business requirements, turbulences present in the environment as well as the dynamic changes occurring in the non-profit sector require the presence of managers who are not only capable of taking proper care of financial issues, but also of optimally deploying available human resources. Today, organisations operate in the world without fixed rules of conduct or a universal management style. As a consequence, there is no universal recipe for success. It is, however, clear that the social enterprise should be run by a competent manager, preferably someone with a business track record and in-depth knowledge of formal issues. The literature review shows that working in a social enterprise requires a high degree of flexibility, a variety of skills and qualifications with the management facing a difficult challenge of how to simultaneously achieve social and economic objectives. The purpose of this article is to identify and explore the key competences and optimal features of the social enterprise manager. Data for the study was collected through a survey from 100 social enterprises in Poland.
Rigby, M J; Robins, S C
Traditionally there is considerable tension between the objectives of clinicians and managers--each claiming an ethical grounding, one to optimize care to the individual and the other to optimize the use of health resources for the client population. Hitherto, there has been a latent challenge in finding empirically supported common ground. However, the development of integrated electronic records, particularly for patients receiving preventive, rehabilitative, or long-term care, has provided a common medium. A successful major development in the United Kingdom is described.
Frost, Jetta; Vogel, Rick
In this article, we focus on think tanks as intermediaries between exploration and exploitation. To underpin our theoretical arguments on their linking function between both domains, we conducted a case study. The object of investigation is a think tank which has played a decisive role in the modernisation of the German public sector. The…
Yoon, Jeongkoo; Thye, Shane
This study examines endorsement and authorization as two social mechanisms that can induce perceptions of legitimacy for individuals who manage work teams. "Endorsement" is the support of a manager by one's own team members, whereas "authorization" is the support of a team manager stemming from a higher bureaucratic level.…
This paper provides experimental evidence about how the interaction between a company's earnings and its information system influences the degree of honest reporting by managers in a capital budgeting task. Specifically, the results show that participants overstate cost less when the manager's cost
Yoon, Jeongkoo; Thye, Shane
This study examines endorsement and authorization as two social mechanisms that can induce perceptions of legitimacy for individuals who manage work teams. "Endorsement" is the support of a manager by one's own team members, whereas "authorization" is the support of a team manager stemming from a higher bureaucratic level. Applying these…
Dikova, Desislava; Witteloostuijn, Arjen van
Multinational enterprise performance is one of the most researched topics in the strategic management literature over the last thirty years. Despite the proliferation of studies, the dispute over the relation between firms’ international investment activities and corporate performance has not yet re
Purpose: To examine the association between talent management (TM) and perceived subsidiary performance. Focus is given to the development of one key talent group--line managers--in subsidiaries of multinational corporations (MNCs). Specifically, the paper examines: whether there is a positive relationship between Management Development (MD) and…
Restrepo Cardona, Alfonso
This manuscript describes both an International Business and International Management research project by the Children’s University (Universidad de los Niños) at Universidad EAFIT aiming to determine the impacts of personal internationally travelling on successful local business leaders -- The purpose in this project is to advance a framework for future research aimed at enhancing our understanding of why people who has regularly travelled abroad for any reasons, either personal or profession...
The Russian railway enterprise completed the conversion of managerial mechanism of enter-prise by rebuilding corporate governance structure and implementing classified business management , and establishing the state_owned joint_stock company (JSCo RR) in its market_oriented reform .As a result ,the enterprise’ s freight showed a good momentum in its development ,although passenger transportation still remained in serious losses .After the separation of governmental administration from enterprise management ,the railway enterprise in China should learn from Russian railway enterprise ’s transformation in managerial mechanism .China Railway Cooperation should establish effective internal governance mechanisms and participate in market competition actively ;and the government should set up the mechanism of public welfare of transport subsidies so that the railway enterprise can be really market_oriented and become a modern enterprise with strong competitive vigor .%俄罗斯铁路企业实施市场化改革，建立国有股份公司，并通过重建企业治理结构、实施业务分类管理等措施完成了企业经营机制转换，使其货运运营呈现良好的发展态势，但是客运运营仍然亏损严重。我国铁路政企分开后，应借鉴俄罗斯铁路企业转换经营机制改革的经验，中国铁路总公司应建立有效的内部治理机制、积极参与市场竞争；政府应建立公益性运输补贴机制，以保证企业真正走向市场，成为具有竞争活力的现代企业。
to get more funding to finance field travel and field equipment. Of course, individual teams joined this laboratory on their own will in order to...sur 1 ’ entreprise multi- nationale (CEREM) Universlt6 de Paris X, 2 rue de Rouen -92001 Nanterre CUdex P’LojeA4ew Raymond COURBIS Groupe d’analyses... financement ; 40,4 ?% uno participation fr~quente; 32,5 9o participation i tour do r~lo do tous los chorcheurs; 10,617c participation do taus los chercheurs aux
Using the relevant data of Chinese listed companies from 2010 to 2013,this paper makes an exploration on the rela-tionship between top managerial power,financing structure and resources allocation of bank credit. The results indicate that management structure of the company and the managerial power are the important reasons for company's financing policy choice and bank credit resource allocation,when the company's management have greater top managerial power,the firm lend more short-term loan,the company's management power have a positive relation with short-term borrowing structure. Under the effect of debt constraint,in view of personal tenure and control desire,the management will make decisions influencing the corporate financing decision. In corporate bank credit financing,bank credit financing scale is negatively correlated with com-pany managerial power. Namely,the more power the management has,the less resources of bank credit. We also find that the company's management structure power and the owner power have a significant effect on corporate credit decision-making.%运用中国上市公司2010—2013年相关数据，考察公司管理层权力与公司融资结构及银行信贷资源配置，结果显示：公司的管理层结构及高管层权力是公司融资政策选择和银行信贷资源配置的重要动因，公司管理层权力越大，管理层向银行借入短期借款越多，公司管理层权力与短期借款结构正相关。在债务约束效应下，管理层可能会出于个人任期和控制权私利的原因做出影响公司融资决策的行为，在公司银行信贷融资中表现为银行信贷融资规模与公司管理层权力呈现负相关关系，即管理层权力越大，公司配置的银行信贷资源越少；同时，公司管理层权力中结构权力与所有者权力对公司信贷决策有重要影响。
This study serves as an introduction to how virtual reality systems could be applied in public administration and what research tasks would be necessary to accomplish a project. E-government solutions began to emerge in public administration approximately a decade ago all over the developed world. Administration service facilities via the Internet did not attract many customers, because of the digital divide. E-government solutions were extended to mobile devices as well, but the expected bre...
University administrative personnel play an important role in prompting and ensuring the normal working of teaching and sci- ence research. However, present working state of University administrative personnel are unoptimistie which are closely related to the university management system that goes against the need of personnel. The paper mainly probes into the working state of University administrative personnel and its inducement in terms of Maslow＇ s ＂hierarchy theory of needs＂, and tries to explore and perfect a set of long - term efficient personnel encouraging system on the basis of encouraging effect of higher level need.%高校行政管理人员对高校教育教学、科研工作的正常运行起着保障和促进作用。然而，当前高校部分行政管理人员工作状态并不容乐观，这与高校管理机制有违人的需求直接相关。从“需求层次理论”出发，探究高校行政管理人员的工作现状和诱因，并基于更高层次需求的激励效用，探索和完善高校行政管理人员的长效激励机制是文章的要义所在。
Whereas epistemological debates raged in educational administration during the Theory Movement, or inspired by intervention from Thom Greenfield, Richard Bates or Colin Evers and Gabriele Lakomski, epistemology and the quest for the scientific study of educational administration has somewhat diminished in the era of managerialism and the pursuit…
... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administration. 83.2 Section 83.2 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE RECORDS PRIVACY PROCEDURES FOR PERSONNEL RECORDS § 83.2 Administration. The administration of this part is the duty and responsibility of the Director, Personnel, U.S....
Olafsen, Anja H; Halvari, Hallgeir; Forest, Jacques; Deci, Edward L
The link between money and motivation has been a debated topic for decades, especially in work organizations. However, field studies investigating the amount of pay in relation to employee motivation is lacking and there have been calls for empirical studies addressing compensation systems and motivation in the work domain. The purpose of this study was to examine outcomes associated with the amount of pay, and perceived distributive and procedural justice regarding pay in relation to those for perceived managerial need support. Participants were 166 bank employees who also reported on their basic psychological need satisfaction and intrinsic work motivation. SEM-analyses tested a self-determination theory (SDT) model, with satisfaction of the competence and autonomy needs as an intervening variable. The primary findings were that amount of pay and employees' perceived distributive justice regarding their pay were unrelated to employees' need satisfaction and intrinsic work motivation, but procedural justice regarding pay did affect these variables. However, managerial need support was the most important factor for promoting need satisfaction and intrinsic work motivation both directly, indirectly, and as a moderator in the model. Hence, the results of the present organizational field study support earlier laboratory experiments within the SDT framework showing that monetary rewards did not enhance intrinsic motivation. This seems to have profound implications for organizations concerned about motivating their employees.